(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Stiles family in America. Genealogies of the Connecticut family"

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 



at |http : //books . google . com/ 



JMII^^. Jl^^^^gy^Mplift ^^mm~ 







I 



^iii 




t-?-70^^ 





y.p .| ... g ^.' , . i 



,&rziAJk^ 



/ 



THE STILES FAHILT IN AMERICA. 



GENEALOGIES 



OF THE 

CONNECTICUT FAMILY 

DESCENDANTS OF 

JOHN STILES, OF WINDSOR, CONN,, AND OF MR FRANCIS 

STILES, OF WINDSOR AND STRATFORD, CONN., 

16351894; ALSO THE CONNECTICUT NEW 

JERSEY FAMILIES, 1720-1894 ; 

AND THE 

SOUTHERN (OR BERMUDA-GEORGIA) FAMILY, 1686-1894. 

WITH 

Contributions to the Genealogies of home New York and 
Pennsylvania Families. 

AND 

An Appendix, containing Information Concerning the English 
Families of the Name. 



By HENRY REED STILES, A. M.; M. D., 

OF New York City. 



JERSEY CITY: 

DoAN & PiLsoN, Printers, 54 Montgomery Street. 

1896. 



2' 



( t V :/ 



//■•■ 




Entered AccordiDg to Act of Congress in the year 1895, by 

HENRY REED STILES, M. D., 
In the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington. 



To My Daughter 

ELLIOTT 

(MRS. FREDERIC E TRUESDALE), 

or HIIiL VIEW, WABBBN CO., N. Y., 
IN BBCOONITION OF 

HER VALUABLE ASSISTANCE, IN PAST YEARS, AS AMANUENSIS, PROOF- 
READER AND INDEX-MAKER, IN THIS, AS WELL AS 
MUCH OF MY OTHER HISTORICAL 
AND GENEALOGICAL WORK, 

THIS VOLUME 18 MOST AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED. 



CONTENTS. 



PAGE. 

Prefatory Note, - - i-xii 

The Kemote Origin of the Name and Family, - 2-8 

The Connecticut (Emigrant) Family, ... 9_28 

Henry Stiles, tlie Emigrant, - - - - 29-34 

Thomas Stiles, the Emigrant, - . . 35-39 

John Stiles, the Emigrant, - - - - 40-42 

His Descendants, in Line of liia Eldest Son, 

Henry, ------ 43 

His Descendants, in Line of his Second Son, 

John, ------ 80 

His Descendants, in Line of his Third Son, 

Isaac, 407 

Mr. Francis Stiles, the Emigrant, - - - 462-471 
His Descendants, ----- 471-604 

The New Jersey Branch of the Connecticut Family, 505-602 
The Essex and Union Counties, N. J. Branch, - 603-623 
A Connecticut and New Jersey Family, - - 624-631 

Descendants of Robert Stiles, of Philadelphia, Pa., 
and Gloucester, N. J., 1680. By Mrs. Sarah M. 
Needles, of Haddonfield, N. J., - . - 632-650 

An Uloter County, N. T. Family„1743-1895, - 651-660 
The Bermuda Stiles Family. (The Philadelphia, 

Georgia and Virginia Families), - - . 661-696 
Appendix I. History and Antiquities of the English 

Family of Stylles, Stylle and Stiles, - - 697-721 
English Stiles Coats-of-Arms, - - - - 721-727 
Appendix II. Sir Richard Saltonstall's Letter to Gov. 

Winthrop, 728-730 

Errata et Addenda, 731-754 

Index, of Christian Names of the American Stiles 

Families, - - - - - - - 755-772 

Index, of Names Connected with the Stiles Family 

by Marriage, 773-782 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

PAGE. 

Portrait of President Ezra Stiles, - - - Frontispiece. 
Fac-simile of a pencil sketch of PREsroENT Stiles, 

1763, 10 

Portrait of Norman C. Stiles, of Middle town, Conn., 70 

Portrait of Rev. Abel Stiles, of Woodstock, Conn., - 125 

Portraits (silhouette) of President Stiles and wife, 1767, 158 

Fac-simile of Pen and Ink Sketch of President Stiles, 

and his daughter Elizabeth, - - - - 181 

The Rector's House, New Haven, Conn., occupied by 

President Stiles, 183 

Portrait of Mrs. Ruth (Sitles) Gannett, of Cambridge, 

Mass., 211 

Portrait of Rev. Ezra Stiles Gannett, D.D., of Boston, 

Mass., 212 

Portrait of Mr. Samuel Steles, of New York City, - 280 

Portrait of Henry R. Stiles, M. D., of New York City, 329 

Portrait of Joseph C. Stiles, D. D., 
Portrait of Col. and Hon. William 

Henry Steles, 
Stiles Family Arms, 724 



of Virginia, 688 



PREFATORY NOTE. 



In 1857, I became interested in my family genealogy, and 
while pursuing my investigations at Windsor, Conn., where my 
ancestors settled in 1635, 1 became much more interested in the 
history of that old town. In 1859, I published my History and 
Oenealogiea of Ancient Windsor, Conn.; and of the Stiles Gene- 
alogy, which filled thirty pages of that work, I issued 100 
copies in pamphlet form. In 1863, I published a small 
quarto of 48 pages, entitled. Contributions Towards a Gene- 
alogy of the (Massachusetts) Family of Stiles , descended from Bob- 
ert, of Rowley, 1659-1860, made up of material collected in the 
course of my explorations in the Connecticut family, and with 
which no connection had been found. In 1882, a copy of this 
little work came into the hands of Mrs. Mary Stiles Paul Guild, 
then of Lynn (but now of North Cambridge), Mass., who belonged 
to the Massachusetts Family, and who immediately put herself in 
communication with me, at the same time stating her intention to 
take up the work where I had left it and enlarge it to the best of 
her ability. As I was about re-commencing my studies on the 
Connecticut Family, I proposed that we should co-operate, to some 
extent; and offered to publish her (Massachusetts) work with my 
own (Connecticut) at some future time. She accepted the sugges- 
tion, and we set to work in our respective fields of labor. It proved 
to be the beginning of an acquaintance which was mutually helpful 
and pleasant, and which has deepened into a personal and family 
friendship which I value as one of the most valuable of my life. 
In 1883, 1884 and 1885, I issued circulars announcing my in- 
tention of publishing a new History of the Stiles Family in 
England and America, in an octavo volume of not less than 300 



X THE STILES GEKEMLOQT. 

pages; aud in December, 1885, the first signature of my Connec- 
ticut work was printed. Meanwhile, Mrs. Guild's manuscript 
was growing apace — as was my own; and it gradually dawned 
upon us that the joint work could not, by any possibility, be 
squeezed into the originally proposed limits. It was determined 
therefore, to publish each work separately — especially as I could 
not finish mine in time to be published with hers; and her sub- 
scribers were clamoring against the delay. So, in 1892, she 
issued her Oenealogies of the Massachusetts Family, Descendants 
of Robert Stiles of Rowley, Muss., IGSf)- 1891; and the Dover, N. H., 
YsmIjY, Descendants of William Stiles of Dover, N. K, 1702-1891; 
683 pages. To this I contributed (as being of common interest 
to all branches of the Stiles Family in America) the " Prefatory 
Chapter on the Origin of the Family and Name,*' and the " Ap- 
pendix on the Stiles Family in England,'* which the reader will 
find in this volume. 

The progress of the Connecticut Stiles history, however, 
has been sadly delayed since it was commenced, by the necessity 
which I was under of giving my time aud attention to other more 
pressing matters, both of a professional aud literary character. 
Among these latter, the most important was a new edition of my 
Histoi'y of Ancient Windsor (now expanded from the 1,056 pages 
of the fir,st edition to two volumes, comprising altogether 1,817 
pages), in which a Stiles Genealogy again appeared, enlarged to 
21 pages. Financial circumstances, also, have contributed 
largely towards delay, and towards certain imperfections in 
in the work itself; aud I have frequently felt discouraged and 
ashamed at the way in which my hands seemed to be tied, in the 
matter of advancing it to completion. But for the kindly patience 
of my printers, I should long ago have been tempted to throw it 
up altogether. 

At last it is printed and ready for the subscribers — or, at 
least for such of them as remain alive unto this day, or still re- 
tain sufficient interest in their ancestry to purchase a copy. I 
trust they will all feel (as I do, with all my sense of its imper- 



PREFMTORY NOTE. xi 

fections) that they have "got their money's worth." If they 
have the slightest doubts on the subject, I suggest their under- 
taking a similar work, under the same adverse circumstances 
which have attended me in the preparation of this volume; and 
I am quite sure they will agree with me — and feel some sym- 
pathy with me. 

Few families have been so fortunate as ours (the Connec- 
ticut) in having, in its earlier generations, so careful a Historian 
as was President Ezra Sttles, of Yale College, and for the loan 
to me of his personal papers, etc. — the foundation-stone of this 
Genealogy — the whole family of Stiles, as well as myself, are 
indebted to his great-grandaughter, Mrs. Kate Gannett Wells, 
of Boston, Mass. Then, in Old Windsor, Conn., the first 
seat of the Connecticut Family, I gleaned priceless stores of 
tradition and personal knowledge from the quartette of aged 
Stiles Sisters, whose virtues I have endeavored to com- 
memorate on Page 263. In the unusually tangled and per- 
plexing lines of the New Jersey branch, descended from "Long 
Jonathan" of the Connecticut Family, I was greatly assisted by 
Lewis Ogden Stiles, the proprietor of The Jerseyman newspaper, 
at Morristown, N. J., by Miss Helen Hi3ER,of Philadelphia, Pa., 
and Lafe Stiles Pence, Esq., of Lebanon, Ky.; and in the other 
New Jersey lines by Mr. Abner Passell Stiles, of Springfield, 
N. J., and Mrs. Sarah M. Needles, of Haddonfield, N. J. In 
the Southern Stiles lines, (Bermuda, Georgia, etc.), I desire to 
thank Mr. Albert W. Stiles, of Washington, D. C; Maj. Robert 
A. Stiles, of Richmond, Va., and Mrs. Margaret W. Stiles, of 
Malbone, Ga., for their contributions; and my sketch of the 
Southern Family has been corroborated by a perusal of manu- 
scripts kindly forwarded to me by Dr. J. W. Bullock, of Savan- 
nah, Ga. Nor must I omit the very great help received from 
ray brother, S. Edward Stiles, M. D., of Brooklyn, N. Y., es- 
pecially in the tracing of the English family of Stiles, presented 
in Appendix I. 



Xii THE STUBS OEKEMLOOY, 

There are, of course, many others who have cordially as- 
sisted in their own individual family lines; and such I have en- 
deavored punctiliously to credit in the body of the work. The 
correspondence which I have had with many, and the acquaint- 
ance formed with some of them, has been very pleasant to me; 
as, also, is the memory of some who have passed away, and 
whose unobstrusive help was often rendered in collecting " Stiles 
items," in tracing clues, and in assisting to disentangle some 
awful genealogical " snarls." Of such, I may especially remember 
my friends, the late eminent genealogist D. Williams Pattebson, 
of Newark Valley, N. Y., and the venerable Botal Paine, of 
Brooklyn, N. Y., both of whom died in 1893. To myself, the 
value of my historical and genealogical work consists mainly in 
the friendships and the me^nories of friendships which it has 
brought to me. 

And so, with a warm cousinly greeting to all good men and 
women of the Family, who may become interested in these 
pages, I remain, 

Their friend and well-wisher, 




.M-^Pr- 



August 8, 1895. 

111-113 William St., 
New York City. 



THE REMOTE ORIGIN 



—OF THE— 



NAME AND FA MIL Y OF STILES. 

^ ^ -^^'^ 

The Stiles Family is of Anglo-Saxon origin. If other famiHes 
cl^im that their ancestors "came into England with William the 
Conqueror," ours may rest assured -that it was in Britain before the 
Conquest. 

This is evident from the name, and from the most ancient 
localities of the families which bore it. 

Fii-st, as to the name. Lower, in his English Surnames, (p. 84), 
mentions, '* among names which describe the nature or situation of 
the original bearer's residence, such as Hill, Dale, Wood," etc., that 
of Stile, Styles, giv^n in the old Subsidy Roll of the Rape of 
Lewes, Cx>. Sussex, 1296, as " Will^ at Stighele," and " Rich<^ atte 
Stighele." * A writer in the Sussex Archaeological Collections, (Vol. 
ii., p. 292), says: " The word * atte,' or * ater,' as it is sometimes 
written, seems in all ca.ses, to denote the dwelhng place, as in the 
names reduced to modern spelling, in towns, at the steeple, at the 
stair, ai the style,'' &c. The same authority, (p. 292), says, the 
Saxon "Stighele means at the style, or steps, or rising path." So 
that ** Will** " or "Rich**" "atte Stighele," simply designates a cer- 
tain William and Richard who Uved near a stile ; a primitive and 
simple method of distinguishing individuals, at a period when family 
surnames were not as common as they now are. Thus, by use and 

* Style (Latin gtylug, »tilus, for stiglw, from a root $tig, to pique, which Is Id stimulus, for 
stlgulus, needle, *c.)— I-ar usee's Grand DictianncUre l/nivrrsal, p. 1.158. 

Style, (Fr. »lyU, It. xtile, Sp. and Pg. fMtilo, Lat. and Or. ttylm, stilus, a pillar, a style or 
writing Instrument).— Webster's Did. 



2 TVE ST/L£S GiMiMLOGY, 

in course of time, Williftm at the Style, liecaine William Stile.* 
** From Stile was formed Styleman," also says liower, (p. 90) ; and it 
is not improbable that Still is another foim of the name,t as also 
Styel, Styell. 

Second, as to locale of the Stiles Family in Ilngland. This, as 
evidenced by the historical memoranda which we have accumulated 
in the following pages, was principally — if not altogether — in the 
South-eastern comer of Fjiglaud, viz., in the present counties of 
SuflFolk, Norfolk, Kent, Essex, Sussex and Northampton. This was 
the very portion of the original Britain which was fii-st conquered, 
(A. D. 449-450), by the hordes of Jutes, Engles and Saxons, who 
swarmed over from the European mainland, and finally coal€»sce<l 
(A. D. 829), under King Ecgberght, as the English people, occupying 
what since has been know as England — (i. e., the land of the Englet* 
— oiu* Fatherland. 

But, for the real fatherland of the English race, — and, of course, 
for that of the Stiles name and family, — we must look still further 
away, beyond England itself. 

If the reader will consult a map of Northern Eiu-ope, he will there 
see this remoter fatherland. In the Fifth Century A. D., the north- 
em portion of the peninsula, now known as Jutland, and which 
divides the North Sea, or German Ocean, from the Baltic Sea, was 
occupied by a warrior tribe, called Jutes, who were probably akin to 
the race that was fringing the opposite shores of Scandinavia, and 
settling among the Danish isles. 

From the south of the same peninsula of Jutland, the tribe of 
Saocons spread over the sand-flats of Holstein, and along the marshes 



* "Stile" seems used by Chaucer In an extended sense, as In some measure repreeentlnK 
the country, tn contrast with ••street," which Is used to represent the town : 
•• Is It swlche peril with him for to mete, 
I shal him seke by slUe and eke by strete." 

— Par<iimerr'$ Tale, 126. 
Siusex Arch. CV)M., vol. vilt., p. 188. 

t In the Hist, of the rnirfTtity of Cambridge, by Edm'd Carter, pub. 1736, mention Is made. 
(p. 444), of John Sttll, B. D., 1570, Fellow of Christ's Coll., as among the Preachers of Cam- 
bridge. •* The first design of these Preachers was to Instruct the Ignorant, not only In and about 
Cambridge, but In many other places ; but afterwards, learned Ministers being appointed In all 
places to Instruct the unlearned, they are now, by their Office, U> preach a Latin Sermon called 
Crmcio ad Clerum, before the University, the Day before the Term begins; and others In English, 
at appointed Times, before that learned Body, In the Church of Great St. Marie's, In Cam- 
bridge." John Still, (probably the same). Is also mentloncHl, (p. 411 1, as one of the Vice Chan- 
cellors of the University of Cambridge, In 1675. He was th«n of St. John's College. He Is also 
biographized In Thomas Fuller's Worthies of England, (Vol. 11., p. 12, edition of 1816). 



ORiGiN OF MMME MND FMMILY. 3 

of Friesland and the Elbe. And, between the Jutes and Saxons, in 
the very heart of the peninsula, was a district, which we now call 
Sleswick, but which was then known as Angeln, or the Englesland. 

These three tribes were so closely united, as to be known by 
neighboring people under the common name of Englishmen ; a name 
which indicates, also, the Angles as being, at the time when their 
history opens to us, the most powerful of the three. 

It was by successive invasions of these closely related tribes, 
that the eastern and southeastern parts of Britain were first perma- 
nently occupied, and ultimately made England. First, about 449- 
4.10, A. D., the Jutes, under their ealdormen (earls) Hengest and 
Hoiisa, invaded and held what is now known as the County of Kent. 
Their success invited a mightier foe to the work of invasion, the free- 
booter Saxons, from the Friesland and Holstein shores — pirates, 
whose long pillaging and ravaging of the eastern shore of Britain, 
from the Wash to the Solent, gave it its name of " the Saxon shore." 
In 477, bands of these pirates made a landing, which became the 
basis of a permanent occupation of that district now known as the 
Shires of Norfolk and Suffolk, and gave to the foreigner the whole 
shore of Britain, from the Wash to Southampton Water. Then, 
(500-570 A. D.), the Envies, most powerful of all, slowly but stead- 
ily pressed forward and occupied Mid-Britain, from the Humber to 
the Forth. From the desert state of the district from which the 
Engles came, on the mainland, as men saw it hundreds of years 
afterwards, it would seem that, unlike their Saxon neighbors, the 
bulk of whom remained in their own homesteads, the whole Engle 
people must have forsaken their earlier seats for the soil of Britain. 
Such a transfer only would sufficiently account for the wide area of 
their conquests in Britain ; and for the fact that their name event- 
ually absorbed that of the Jutes and Saxons, and stamped itself on 
the |)eople which sprang from the union of the conquerors, as in the 
lands which they won. 

Concerning this conquest, J. Richard Green, thus speaks in his 
Hifttory of the English People: "The English Conquest was a 
sheer dispossession and slaughter of the people whom the English 
conquered. It was, indeed, only partly wrought out after two cen- 
turies of bitter warfare. But it was just through the long and mer- 
ciless nature of the struggle that of all the German conquests, this 
pix>ved the most thorough and complete. At its close Britain had 



4 THE STILES GENEMLOBY, 

become England ; a land that is, not of Britons, but of Englishmen. 
It is i)ossible that a few of the vanquisheil {)eople may have hngereil 
around the horaeste>ads of their English con(|uerors, and a few of 
their household words, ( if these were not brought in at a later time), 
mingled oddly with the English tongue. But doubtful exceptions, 
such as these, leave the main facts imtouched. When the steady 
l)rogres8 of EngUsh conquest was stiiyed for a while by civil wai-s of 
a century and a half, after Aylesford, the Briton had disapj)eared 
from the greater part of the land which had been his own, and the 
tongue, the religion, the laws of his English conqueror reigned with- 
out a rival from Essex to the Severn, and from the British Channel 
to the Firth of Fortli. * * * * What strikes us at 
once in the new England is, that it was the one purely German 
nation that rose upon the wreck of Rome. In other lands, in S[)ain, 
or Gaul, or Italy, tliough they were ecjually conquered by German 
peoples, religion, social life, administrative onler, still remained 
Roman. In Britain, alone, Rome died uito a vague tradition of the 
past. The whole organization of government and society dis- 
appeared with the people who used it. The villas, the mosaics, the 
coins which we dig up in our iielils, are no relics of our English 
fathers, but of a Roman world which our father s sword utterly swept 
away. Its law, its Uterature, its manners, its faith, went with it. 
The new England was a heathen country. The religion of Woden 
and Thunder trimnphed over the religion of Christ. * ^ River, 
and home^stead, and boundary, the very days of the week, bore the 
names of the new gods who displiu^ed Christ. But if England 
seemed for the moment a waste from which all the civilization of the 
earth had fled away, it contained within itself the germs of a nobler 
, life than that which had been destroyed. The base of the new 
English society was the freeman, whom we have seen tilling, judging 
or sacrificing for himself by the Northern Sea. However roughly he 
dealt, while the struggle went on with the material civilization of 
Britain, it was impossible that such a man could be a mere destroyer. 
War was no sooner over than the warrior settled down into the 
fai-mer, and the home of the peasant churl rose beside the heap of 
gobUn-haunted stones that marked the site of the villa he had binned. 
The English kinsfolk settled in groups over the conquered country, 
as the lot fell to each ; no longer kinsfolk only, but dwellers in the 
same plot, knit together by their common holding within the same 



ORIGtM OF NAME AND FAMILY. 5 

bounds. Each little viUage-commonwealth lived the same life in 
Britain as its farmers had lived at home. Each had its " moot-hill," or 
sacred tree, as a centre ; its '* maik," as a border ; each judged by 
mtness of the kinsfolk, and made its laws in the assembly of its 
wise men, and chose its own leaders among the "eorls" for |)eace or 
war. In two ways only was this primitive organization of English 
society affected by its tmnsfer to the soil of Britain. War begat 
the Kifvg. * ^ ^ And, as it l^egat the I^ng, and the 
military noble, so it ajl but begat the slave — a class of the "unfree," 
such as captives of war, debtoi-s, criminals — " not such a slaveiy as 
that we have known in modem times, for strij>es and bonds were 
rare." 

But enough upon this point. If our readers feel that interest 
which seems natiu-al, in the origin, chai-acter and development of the 
i-ace from which they sprang, we commend them to the fascinating 
pages of Green s volume. The Making of England, Our simple 
object in the preceding pages has l)een to enable them, as membei-s 
of the Stiles Family, to trace back their blood origin, through two 
and a half centuries of (American) New England life, (1885-1035 
A. D.), and through nearly thirteen centuries, (1635-450 A. D.), of 
Old England life ; and from thence, through the ** unfathomable 
mists" of Time, which envelope their ancestry in that still older 
England of all — the old, old Fatherland, which lies in and around 
the Juthind peninsula, the Weser, Lower Hanover, and Oldenburg - 
the cradle of the Anglo-Saxon race. 

With the subsequent course of English history, (except as its 
gradual and splendid development must have insensibly, but surely, 
affected the condition, social surroundings and character of our 
ancestry during succeeding centuries), we have little to do in these 
pages. On both sides of the Atlantic, the Stiles Family has held 
a respectable, though not an exalted position. In England, it ha« 
embraced two lines of baronetcy, one (now long extinct), and pre- 
sents a fair array of names respectably eminent in theologj^ and Ut- 
erature, as well as in the public Military, Naval and Civil Service of 
the Kingdom. On this side of the water, its record is merely that of 
** simple folk," — mostly farmers, with a fair sprinkling of clergymen, 
physicians, etc., — enterprising, intelligent, self-reliant, patriotic and 
God-fearing. Indeed, making due aUowiuice for differences of sur- 
roundings, education and opportunities of development, we of the 



G THE STILES QENEMLOGY, 

American branches have reason to feel that oar reconl will reflect no 
discredit upon oiir English cousins ; while their record is certainly as 
creditable to thoiu as it is interest in;' to us. 



The information presenteil in Appendix L, concerning the His- 
tory AND Antiquities of the Engush Family of Stiles, Style, or 
SrYLEs, was incidentally collected during my genealc^cal researches; 
and is simply offered as a matter of legitimate interest to the mem- 
bers of the American Family. No ?cell iit^Jinad proof of connecHou 
tuts yet been discovered between th' EivjJish and Amt^rican famtltea of 
the name, * 

It has seemed to me that the finding of such proof was not alto- 
gether impossible; but, pleasant as it would be to establish the 
connection, I have been unable to command the time, the eyesight, 
jmd, especially, the means which such a search would require. Nor 
would anything be gained by such proof of connection, except the 
satisfaction of a laudable curiosity. I have, as regards tliis matter, 
very much of the. feeling displayed in the following letter t from our 
distinguished progenitor, and first Family Historian, the Rev. Ezra 
Stiles, D.D., adih^ssed to Sir Francis Haskins Eyles Stiles, Bart., of 
London, upon a (•ognate subje(*t, ^dz., that of the Family Arms : 

Newport, Rh. Isld, Nov. 15, 1764. 
Sir: 

I having a little curiosity to kuow if any C jat of Arms belongs to that Branch 
of the Family of Stiles from which I am descended, and finding in your Name yoa 
have combined the names of Francis & Henry, which have from the Beginning been 
preserved in the Family in America, I tho't it probable we might both descend from 
Brancheii which concur in the same stem or common Ancestor, after receding to some 
Distant A remote Descents. For this Reason, Sir, I take the liberty to addresK 
myself to you, requesting that you would do me the favor to give me the informa- 
tion I ask. I am descended from one of four Brothers, who came to New England 
1634, I suppose from Milbrook, near Ampthill, in Bedfordshire; for tho' Henry Stiles, 
the oldest Br., was then Carpenter k Citizen of London, yet his Br. Tho. Stilen 
was of s' Milbroke, Husbandman, as I find bv some Fam. Memoirs. This Tho. 



* Except, perhaps. In the case of the Bkrmi'DA Branch, now repreAentod In the Q^orgla. 
Virginia and Pennsylvania families of the name. 
t Copletl from the oHginal MS8. 



ORIG/N OF NAME AND FAM/LY. 7 

procured A sent to Henry ft copy of BnptiHniH, I Hiippose from Chh. Rec^rdB of 
Milbroke, Feb. 15, 1634: 

Henrie Stiles, baptized 27 Nov. 1593 -came to N. E. 1634. 



John Stiles, 


25 Dec. 1595 


-came to N. E. 


Christr StUes. 


28 Mar. 160(). 




Ff rancis Stiles. 


1 Aug. 1602- 


-came to N. E. 


Tho StUes, 


7 Feb. 1612- 


-came to N. E. 


Marie Stiles, 


12 Mar. 1591. 




Joane Stiles, 


13 Jan. 1604. 




Elizabeth StUes, ' 


28 Dec. 1607. 





By a parchment Bescript it appears that Henry Htiles was admitted to the Free- 
dom of the City of London, 10 Apr. in 8th year of Charles I., or 1632, George Whit- 
inore. Mayor, & Robt. Bateman, Chamberlain. 

I suppose the Family made no Figure at Milbrok, being, as I suppose, plain 
country farmers, and such they have generally continued in Americji. There may, 
however, be possibly a Coat of Arms among some of their remote Ancestors, which 
accord* to the Rides of Heraldry, any of us may assume. You Ni'ill by these notices 
be able to know whether you are of the same family; &. if you are, you can give mo 
the Information I desire. Your own Arms as Baronet is perhaps a thing acquired 
from 1634, but if not is yet limited. It is not this, therefore, I request; but any 
Coat of Arms descending to you from Ancestors who comprehend me among their 
ofibprin^;. I have one belonging to the name of Stile w** I procured in 1751, from the 
Heraldry Office, London, but am doubtful whether I have any right to it. And, 
indeed, I am not well instructed as [to] the Descents of these Ensigns of Honor, 
or whether they are assumable by all the offspring promiscuously, or by the Male 
only, or whether the descent is cast & passes in a Line of Single Heirs. It will be 
a gratification to me if you please to give me some Information on this Head. 

My Great-Grandfather was born in Eng. about 1633, for his father, John Stiles, 
bro*t him away a sucking child, 1634. He married about 1660. In the first Century 
from his marriage have been among his offspring 397 Births, 107 Deaths, 88 mar- 
riages, & 290 living at End of the Century. The offspring occurred one Third in 
first 75 years & two Thirds last 25 years. The Diffusion of Blood is now going on 
with great rapidity; there may be now 20 Nativities a year. Of 32 Births, 20 live to 
marry— not above one quarter die in Infancy. I judge there have sprung from the 
four Brothers above Three (near four) Thousand souls, in 131) years since their 
Accession to America, & in another cent^ may be 100,000. 

There is a Difference in the Orthography- Stoil, Stile, Stiles, Stoils, and Styles. 
I do not know whether they are all originally one name; Some of the New Eng. 
family did antiently spell Styles, but their true Name is Stiles. There is similitude 
of Features with which most of the Blood here are impressed; if you have a Metzo- 
tinto Picture of yourself or any of your ancestors, permit me to ask the favor 
of one. 

Yon may perhaps think I have views of Interest in these Inquiries; but I assure 
you. Sir, I have no view but to gratify my curiosity, and to collect some Memoirs of 
my ancestors, or a short Family History for the Knowledge & contemplation of my 
Posterity, especially as I with pleasure trace them up to pure English original. 
(The ancestors of the First Gen. in New England retained in the Memory of Per- 
sons now living many English words in antient use, but now for two ages obsolete. 



8 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

There are yet retmnei aeveral little cuHtoms of 5 or 7(H) yearn antiquity; such, how- 
ever as indicate the family habituated to low and rural Life from Generation to 
(leneration. Of the 4 Brs. that came to N. E., Francis discerned an active, enter- 
prising Spirit— but the others were cmtented with small spheres of Industry A 
plain Life.)* 

You will not conceive of me. Sir, as a Person of any Consequence, tho' I do my- 
self the Honor of addressing a (ventleman of your Distinction * Figure in Life. 
Should you condescend to favor me with an Answer, you will very much oblige. Sir, 

Your most obedient tho' 

unknown Humble Servant, 

EzBA Stiles. 
To Sir Francis Haskins Eyles Styles, Baronet 
London. 

Forwarded by Hon. Alex. Grant, who sailed 
from Newport in the Ship Cap. 

Lyndsey, for London, Nov. 23, 1764. 

* Marked In the MBS. copy as "omitted In tbe Transcript." 




S=is^-2^-i^ 



THE 



Connecticut Family. 



'^^^-JT^^ 




^^x.fip/e. 






Facsimile of a pencil-itkffrh (In posHosslon of Mrs. Kate 

Gannett Wells, of Boston), signed and 

dated In autograpb as alK»ve. 



THE 

CONNECTICUT STILES FAMILY. 



The fii-st investigator into the historj' of the Stiles family of 
Connecticnt, was the llev. Ezra Stiles, then pastor of the Second 
Church, in Newport, llhode Island, and afterwards the distinguished 
President of Yale College, New Haven, Conn. From his earliest 
youth, (as is evidenced by the pages of his memorandiun books, still 
l)re8ei-ved by his descendants), he had the habit of carefully noting 
dates and facts concerning his own immediate relatives. His first 
efforts, however, in the direction of compiUng the genei-al statistics 
of the family, seem to have been made in, or about, the year 1762; 
and its results were embodied in his own handwriting in a small 
quarto-sized blank volume, sewn into a stiff brown paper cover ; very 
many of its entries being evidently first made in pencil, and after- 
wards, (as they were confirmed, or as leisure permitted), traced over 
in ink. This Uttle volume bore the following rather pretentious title- 
page: 

A Genealogical Collection of that 

Family op Stiles which 

Came from Milbroke in Bedfordshire 

In Great Britain 1634 

and settled at Windsor in the Colony 

of Connecticut in New England, 1636, 

at a Time when 

In twelve years from 1629 to 1641 

Four Thousand Men with about Three Thousand Families 

Imphiug Fifteen or Twehty Thousand Souls 

For the sake of free Exercise of Pure Religion 

Fled out of England from the Tyranny & Persecution 

of King Charles the first and A B P Laud » 

and settled in New England 

Where their Posterity 

In the year 1760 the year of the English Conquest 

of Canada, were increased to half a Million Souls. 

Our Family of Stiles was one of this 

Original Accession & purely 

English Blood; 

♦ Archbishop. 



12 THE STILES GEMEALOGT, 

I, EzBA Stiles of Rhode Island and 

Formerly of Connecticut, being the third Generation 

Bom in New England, began to compile 

This Account 1762; two years after 

The Death of my Father Rev. Lsaac Stiles, aet. 63; 

and nine years after the Death of my Grandfather; 

and one hundred A twenty eight years 

after the accession of the Family into America. 

The President, in his corraspondence and his travels, evidently 
pursued these genealogical investigations with great zeal and pleasure ; 
and the results were soon formulated with greater precision and care 
in another similar blank-book, which seems to have been virtually 
completed about the year 1764; although there are evidences that 
additional entries and corrections were occasionally made to it, diu*- 
ing subsequent years. Of this collection the title was, by the Presi- 
dent's good taste, abbreviated to this form : 



A Genealogical Collection 

of that Family of Stiles which in 1634 

Came from Milbroke inJBedfordshire 

In England, 

To Dorchester in New England; 1635 or 1634, 

And settled in "Windsor in the Colony of Connecticutt 

In New England 1636. 



Collected chiefly A. D., 1764 

By EzBA Stiles of Neifii)ort Rhmie Island, 

the fourth from John Stiles, inclusive, who was brought an 

Infant out of England 1634, and the fifth 

from his Father John Stiles L 



' C^usum inMUuUy Rem saluberr'wmm tariiofiduro Imperls." --hivi} Hist Rom. 

This Collection or Genealogy 
I give to my son Isaac Stiles. 

Ezra Stiles, Pr. Yal. Coll.* 



* It will be seen tbat the title of 1762 is more ct>rrect than that of 1764, as to the original 
settlement of the emigrant Stiles Family, which (as will be seen further on), did not locate first 
at Dorchester. Also, that in the second title, the President corrected the generations of his 
descent from the first settler, from that given In the earlier copy. 



THE GOMMECTIC'JT FAMILY. ]3 

Both of these manuscript volumes have twice been loaned nie 
for purposes of examination and transcription; once, in 1859, by the 
late Rev. Ezra Stiles Gannett, D.D., of Boston, Miiss., grandson of 
the President; and, again, in 1884, by his daughter, Mrs. Kate Gan- 
nett Wells, of Boston, in whose jxyssession they aie at present, 
most highly prized heirlooms. 

It is a matter of congratulation to the meml>ers of the Connecti- 
cut family of Stiles, that so early in the American history of the 
family, its l)eginning8 were so thoroughly investigated I y one well 
calculated, as was President Stilep, by education, intelligent curiosity 
and deep reverence for ancestral ties, to undertake such a work. We 
have him to thank for the securing of many facts and points in tlui 
early history of the family which, had they been left unstated and 
unfouiid until the present day, would now be unattainable. 

It was this MSS. Genealogy of the President's which formed 
the basis of the Genealogy published in 1859, in the Hinhn-y and 
GenealiHjies of Ancient Wimhoi^ Conn.y and which, ind^etl, led to my 
undertaking that hLstoiy.* 

The President's MSS. Genealogy of the Connecticut Family, 
commences with the following " Summary Account," which I have 
thought best to present verhadm ef literatim : 

SuMBCARY Account of the Family at rrs Original 
Accession to New England. 

As I was searching for some Memoirs of the Family, among 
others I apphed to Mr. Jonathan Stiles of Windsor lK)rn 1(587 ; son 
of Henry Stiles b. 1629 ; son of John Stiles, one of the four Brothei-s 
that came out of England in 1634. In his hands I found several 
original Papers which I transcribed in 1762. One of which I take 
to be an extract from the Records of Baptisms in Milbroke procured 
by Thomas Stiles & sent to his Brother Henry in London just before 
their Embarkation for America ; and is thus 

" Hent^ie Stiles was baptised the seven and Twentie of November 
one Thousand five himdred Ninetie Three. 



• See Preface to History and Oenealogies of Ancient Windfor, Ct. It also led, inchlenlally, to 
the coUecilon of the Mcugachusettg Family of Stilrg Geiiealopry, which I published In 1863; and 
which dn-eatly enlarged and Improved by the zealous labors of Mrs. Mary SUIes Paul Guild, of 
Lynn, Haas.) Is contained in this volume. 



14 THE STILES GEMEMLOGY, 

"John Htiles was baptised tho five k twentie of December One 
Thousand five hundreii Ninetie five. 

" Chiustopher Stiles was baptise<l the eight and Twentie of March 
One Thousand Six huncbtnl. 

"Ffrancis Stit.es was baptised the first of Aguste one Thousand Six 
hundrexl and Tow. 

*' Thomas Stii^s was baptistnl the seven day of Februarie One Thou- 
sand six hundred and xij. 

**Maiui: Stiij^s wjis baptised the xii of March One Thousand Five 
Hundred and Nine tie One. 

** JoANE Stiles was baptised the xiii of Januarie One Thousand Six 
hundred and four. 

"Elizebeath STiLf>; was bapt. the viij luid twentie of December One 
Thousand six hundivd and Seven." 

" Brother my hearty love remembered unto you all hoping to 
"God you eare in gcxxl health as I am at the wrighting hearof, and 
*'I would entreate you to send me Worde the next Return of the 
'* Carrier when I shall come up and I am in Worke and I would stay 
"as long as may be and I did ask Goodman Goddie for yoin: Cow but 
" he will not deliver it me so A\4th my love to you all I rest your lov- 
"ing Brother 

and your loving 
Thomas Si^n^Es y. Friend William 
"Ffebunirie the xv Hawkins*' 

1(534 

I suppose this William Hawkins was a Ministtir of the Parish, 
and that Thomas Stiles who signeil with his Mark applied to him for 
the Record of Baptisms and to write this Letter for him. The Pajier 
is suj)ei-scribed r **To my Lo\dng Friend Henrie Stiles at London 
give this \vith speed." It appears by this they were ready to em- 
bark the Spring of 1634. Four Brothers, Henry, John, Francis & 
Thomas, came and settled in New England, arriving at Boston and 
sitting down iirst at Dorchester, the Summer or Fall of 1634, and 
removing to Windsor 1636.^ There is also a Tnulition that one or 
more of the Sisters came over, but of these I have no information ; 



See note on page 12. 



THE COMMECTICUT FMMILY. 15 

there is a Family of Stiles in Dorchester which, perhaj)s, are de- 
scendants of Chiistopher, but neither of this am I informed. 

Henry Sttles, the Oldest Brother, was a Cai7)enter in London, 
iis apj>ears by a Parchment in which he received the freedom of the 
City of London. From the Original in the hands of Mr. Jonathan 
Stiles, I selected this Extract : 

** ITenricus StU^s de CivU, Lotvi. Carpenter culmissus fnU in Libertatein pnTram et 
'* inralus Tempore Ueorgii Whitmore Major et Boberti Baieman Camerani et intraius ht 
*• Libro Signat iutra d: de EmptUmbus Libertai. et AdniMsionibus LiberoruTtiy viz^. decimo 
** Die Aprilis Anno Regni Regis Caroli Anqliw <fec,, Odaix)^ In cujtis Rei Testimonium Sigil- 
**lum officii Camerarii Civitalis prcedriiae prcesentibus est appensum Dot. in Chmera, <£t." 
*• — die et anno supradicio.'* 

I also foimd two original Lidentm'es in the hands of the sai<l 
aged Mr. Jonathan Stiles ; in one of which, dated March 6tli, 1()34» 
in the Tenth yeare of K. Charles I, " Samuel Inkley of Carlbee, in 
" the County of Lincoln Husbandman doth put himself apprentice ti^ 
*' Henry Stiles Citizen & Carj>enter of London and now (by the 
"providence of God) outward bound in the good Ship called the 
" Christian of London for the Plantation in New England to learn 
"the said art of a Carpenter &c. Term six yeai-s irom the twentieth 
"of Mai'ch then next. 

In the other Lidenture of the same date, " Thomas STiiJi><, (ff 
" MUbroke in the County of Bedford Husbandman^ doth put himself 
"apprentice to Henry Stiles Citizen Sc Carpenter of London, mid 
*^now (by the providence of God) outward boimd in the good ship 
" called the Christian of London for the Plantation in New, England 
" to learn the said Art of a Cari)enter k with him the siiid Henrj' 
" Stiles after the manner of an Apprentice to dwell k serve from tlie 
" twentieth of March now next <fec" for the Term of five years, signed 
"Thomas Stiles.' V^ This Thomas Stiles by the foregoing Letter 
api^ears to be Brother of Henry Stiles, and being bom Feb. 7, 1012 
must have been Twenty Tsio years old in 1634 when he bound him- 
self an Apprentice — which must have betm not \^dth a \'iew so much 
of learning the Trade of a Cari>enter (being alre^iy brought up at 
Husbandry which I suppose was the Family Employment) as \wtv- 
hai)8 to be iissisted in removing to America. But whatever wen^ th(» 
design & use of these Papers I think they evidence that the Famih 
came originaDy from Milbroke in Bedfordsliire in England. 



13 THE STILES GEMEMLOGY. 

Hexuy 8t It-s (lied rt Biichelor Ocf 3, 1651 as I find upon Wind- 
sor Records. Thomas Stii^j^ his Brotht^r it is said removed from 
Windsor to Flushing on Long Island and there had two Daughters 
but no Son. 

John Stiles and Francis Stiles brought Wives with them out 
of Eugland ; and the Wife of John was the first Person that stept 
ashore at Coimectlcutt when the Plantation begun in 1636.* 

Governor Wooleott of Windsor in 1764 told me he w^as in the 
Eighty seventh ye;ir of his Age, and that he was well acquainted with 
many of the original Settlers of Windsor. He told me that Francis 
Sni^s was Steward to Sir Richard Saltonstall and by him employed 
in building a Park at the upper End of Windsor. And I found the 
Tradition that Fi-ancis wiis an active Man, a Carpenter & a Man of 
great Business, k had to keep & maintain thirty Men to build a Park 
for Giiitlemen in England ; but failing became so involved that he 
removed to Stmtford where he left three Sons. 

Only John Sno^s continued at Windsor, where he died about 
1662, aet 67. I have seen his will dated May 30, 1662 m which he 
mentions his four Children Henry, John, Isaac, Sarah. The two 
first were bom in England as api)ear8 from hence : Henry the Son 
of John was the Father of Jonathan Stiles now Uving & who shewed 
me a Memoir he made of liLs Fathers death which was Aug' 22 1724 
aged Ninety five, hence born 1629 about five years before the Bemoval 
to America." 



The record of births of this Emigrant Family of Stiles, which 
President Stiles found in the possession of Jonathan Stiles, of Wind- 
sor, Coim., in 1762, was confirmed by Mr. Jas. Savage, in his Glean" 
iiujsfur Niw England History, Mass. Hist. Coll., 3d Series, vol. viii., 
p. 3()6. Ff)r the ancestor of the family of Pres. Stiles of Yale College, 
Rev. Geo. Carter Cardale, of Millbrook, near Ampthill, in Bedford- 
shire, searched the parish register from 1564 for names of aU the 
family, down to 1650, and gave him the transcript, as follows : 

"1581, Rychard Styixes, sonne of Ey chard Stylles, was baj>- 
tized 20th of Jime. 

* Savage, (A* Eng. Genial. IHcL, Iv., p. 193), 8ay8, of this tradition, that It Ifl " as reasonable as 
the similar atorles for Mary Chilton at Plymouth, and Ann Pollard, of Boston;" but, (in errata, 
p. 708), adds, " but the the story of Stiles is far less probable." 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 17 

" 1591, Maria Stylles, daughter of Thos. Stylles, was baptized 
7th March. 

**1595, John Styli^s, sonne of Thos. Stylles, was Christianed 
the 25th day of December. 

" IfiOO, Chryotopher Styxles, the sonne of Thos. Stylles, was 
baptized the 28th day of March. 

*' 1602, Francis Styi.les, sonne of Thos. Stylles, was baptized 
1 st day of August. 

1604, JoANE Stylles, daughter of Thos. Stylles and Maria his 
Wyfe, was baptized the 8th day of Januarie. 

'*1605, Joane Stylles, wife of Thos. S., was buried 22d of 
Januarie. 

" 1607, Elyzabeth Sitlles, dau. of Thos. and Maria his Wyfe, 
was baptized 28th of December. 

"1612, Thomas Styxles, sonne of Thos. Stylles, was baptized 
the 7th of February. 

" 1614, Wyddow Stylles was buried ye 20th of March." 

It was subsequently confirmed by myself, in a hasty visit to 
Milbroke, in December, 1881, during which I had the pleasm'e of 
examining not only the old records, in the keeping of the Rector of 
the Ptuish Churcfi. but of visiting the old Church itself ; the hamlet 
of Milbroke, and the neighboring town and Church of Ampthill. 

Milbroke lies nestled in a lovely vale, richly timbered, soft and 
dreamy in all its lines and curves. The little village street, or road, 
winds curving along the base of quite a high ascent, upon which 
stands the old church, dominating the whole landscape. In its few 
clustered houses — some of comparatively modem date, but mostly of 
the old stone-and-plastered, straw-thatched construction of bygone 
days, this street pi^esents a scene of EngUsh rural Ufe — exceedingly 
quaint, novel and interesting to the eye of an American. It needed 
Uttle, or no, imagination to feel that it looks now, quite as it must 
have looked — two centuries and a half ago — wh6n our ancestor, 
"Thomas, the carpenter,'*^ and his sons, (the future ancestors of 
generations beyond the sea), dwelt here. From the Kectory, a rather 
modem building, in the domestic-gothic style, w^e passed across the 
road to where a wicket-gate opened upon a very steep pathway lead- 



18 THE STILES GEMEMLOGY. 

ing up the side of the hill, on the brow of which stands the church, 
surrounded by its ancient "God's-acre," where the "rude forefathers 
of the hamlet sleep." The edifice is evidently of two dates of con- 
struction, an older portion, comprising the chancel, and a later one, 
(though old enough to the stranger "from beyond seas"), making up 
the greater portion of the body of the church, with the square tower. 
Externally, its appearence, though plain, is venerable and attractive, 
jmd its walls heavily clad with "ivy green." Internally, it is as 
" plain as a pike-staif," presenting nothing of interest except one or 
two monumental busts of noble patrons, placed, (as they should not 
l)e), within the altar-rail. The view from the front of the old church- 
tower, looking down upon the sleepy hamlet below, and the lovely 
vale of Bedford stretching away into the dim distance, was one of 
those exquisite glimpses of natunil scenery pecuUar to Old England. 

Near by, on the high land overlooking the vjilley, are the beauti- 
ful ruins of Houghton House, a mansion l)elonging to the Dukes of 
Bedford, which was dismantled after the death of a Marquis of 
Tavistock, about a century ago. He was killed while out hunting, 
and the Duke ordered all the mansion to l>e almndoned. It has 
gradually fallen into decay, and a considerable portion has 
lately, (between 1877 and 188(>), fallen down. It is a place of 
some historical interest, having been builded in the time of Queen 
Elizabeth, by the celebrated Countess of Pembroke — Ben Jonson's 
Countess, ("Sidney's sister, Pembroke's mother," ?tc.) Her mono- 
gram is still visible on the faaule of the ruined hall. It stands upon 
the border of Ampthill Park, magnificent though somewhat neglected 
grounds, with a noble avenue of monstrous oaks and elms. In the 
Park, also, stands "Queen Catherine's Cross." 

So Uttle change has evidently tiiken pkce within the past cen- 
tury, in this little hamlet, that its pre>sent condition may be almost 
as well described in the words of Lyson,* who ^vrote in 1801 : , 

" Mdlbrook, in [the County of Bedfordt] in the hundred of 
Redbomstoke and deanery of Flitt, is a small village, scarcely a mile 
fiom Ampthill. At this place was a cell of Benedictine monks be- 
longing to the abbey of St. Alban's, wliich was removed about the 



* Magna Britlamca, 1806, vol. 1, pp. 117-118. 

t Bedfobdshirk iH an Inland munly, Goundou on Iho cast by Ihe counlle«of Huntingdon 
and Cambridge: 8oath by Hertfordfthlre; w(»8l by H ii ck Ingham Hb ire. and nurtb by Norihamp- 
lonshtre.— Batchelor'B Agriculture of Co. Hed/ord. 



THE COMMECTICUT FMMILY. 19 

year 1119, by Geffrey, the 16th abbott of that monastery, to Moddr} . 
otherwise Beaolieu, in Hertfordshire,* the prior of which place had 
a grant of free warren in MUbrook, in 1294.t 

" The manor having belonged successively to the St. Amands and 
Beauchamps, was purchased of the latter by Sir John Cornwall, who 
in 1442, was created Baron of Milbrook. Not long after the death 
of this brave ofBcer, who was better known by his other title of Lord 
Fanhope, Milbrook became vested in the Crown, and was annexed 
to the honor of Ampthill. The lease of the manor is now vested in 
the Earl of Upper Ossory, in consequence of an exchange with the 
late Date of Bedford, who was lessee of the honor of Ampthill. 

" The parish church stands on a hill which overhangs the village. 
From the church-yard is an extensive prospect over the vale of Bed- 
ford. In the church windows are the arms of the Fanhopes, with 
the garter. In the chancel is a tablet to the memory of Dr. George 
Lawson, rector, who died in 1684. He was employed in sevenil 
confidential messages relating to the Eestoration. The parish has 
l)een inclosed by an Act of Parliament passed in 1795, when a small 
allotment of land was given to tlie rector, who w^s farther compen- 
sated by a corn-rent, charged on lands allotted to the Earl of Ossory, 
who is i)tttron of the rectory. The rector had an allotment also in 
lieu of fern, on Milbrook Wari'en, and tliere was an allotment to the 
poor for fuel." ^ 

Milbrook, (according to the report made to Parliament in 1801, 
of the number of houses, families and persons in each parish of Bed- 
fordshire), had 67 inhabited houses; iminhabited houses, none; fam- 
ilies, 71; persons, 327. 

Gtorton's Topographical Dictionary thus describes it in 1829 : 

" MiLLBBooK, Co. Bedford, P. T. Ampthill, 1 m. W. Pop. 405. A parish in the 
hundred of Redbome Stoke; living, a rectory in the arch-deanery of Bedford and 
diocese of Lincoln; valued in K. B. £9 IGs. 3d.; church dedicated to St Michael; 
patron Lord Holland." 

During the year 1884, in order to assure myself that these 
records had been correctly transcribed, and that no other items of 
intei-est had been overlooked, I caused another careful examination to 
be made, by an experienced genealogical searcher, in the Milbrooke 



* Lives of the AbboUs of St. Albans^ annexed to Mat. Paris, 1008. 
t Cart. 22 Edw. I. 



20 THE STILES GEMEALOGY, 

Parish records; and received the following, duly authenticated by the 
certificate of the present rector, Rev. Laurence K. ^Tiigham : * 

MII^BROOKK 

81TLLE EXTRACTS FROM THE PARISH REGISTERS. 

[I] — 20 June, 1581. Rychard Styxles the sonne ol Eychard 

Stylles was baptised the xx*^ of June. 
[II] — 12th March 1591. Marie Stylles the daughter of Thomas 
Stylles was baptized the xij of March. 

[Here in the record, hut crossed out by a j)€n line drawn 
through it, is this entry : " 1592. John Stylles, the sonne 
of Thomas Stylles was baptized."] 
[Ill] — 27th November 1593. Henrie Stylles, the sonne of Thomas 

Stylles was baptized the xxvij of November. 
(IV] — 25 December, 1595. John Styllf^^ the sonne of Thomas 

Stylles was christened the 25 of December. 
[ V] — 28 March, 1600. Chrisiophfji Styles the sonne of Thomas 

Stylles wius baptized the 28 day of Marche. 
[VI] — 1 August 1602. Ffrannces Stylles the sonne of Thomas 

Stylles was Baptized the firste of August. 
[VII] — 13 Jan. 1604. Jonne Stylles the daughter of Thomas 
Stylles and marie his wyffe was Baptized the xiii^ day of 
Januarie. 
[Vin] — 22 Januarie 1605. Jonne Sitlles, the wyffe of Thorns 
Stylles was buried the 22 day of Januarie. 
[IXJ — 28 December, 1607. Euzabeth Stylles the daughter of 
Thomas Stylles and marye his wyfe was baptized the 28 
day of December. 
[X]— 7 Feb. 1612. Thomas Styles the sonne of Thomas Styles 

was baptized the 7 of febiniarii. 
[XI] — 7 March 1614. Thomas Sn'LEs carpenter was buried the 

6 dg't Marche. 
[XII] — 20 Marche 1614. Widdowe Stixes was buried the 20 of 
Marche. 



* The numerals prefixed In brackets, thus [ ] have been supplied by ourselves, for par- 
poses of convenient reference in the following pages, 
t This not clearly decipherable in the original. 



THE CONMECTICUT FAMILY. 21 

I, Laurence li. Whighfini, Rector of Millbrook, hereby certify 
that the above are ti-ue extracts from the Register Books of the said 
Parish Church, so far x\& I can read them. Given under my hand 
this twentieth day of December, 1884. 

Laukence R. Whigham, 
Rector of Millbrook, in the Coimty of Bedford. 

Also, "from memoranda at the end of a book," in one of the 
registry l)ooks of Milbrooke Parish, were taken the following, relat- 
ing to this family : 

** A note [as to] what the Church- wardens are yearlie to re- 
ceive : 

[Xm] — Thomas Stylles is to paye for the common of his lease 

x\'iii** 

[XIV] — Thomas Stylles pmo*** for his garden ij 

1624 
[XV] — 13 Jan. 1635. William Heddye & Joane Styles married. 



This transcript of 1884, it will be seen, agrees substantially with 
that made for Mr.* Savage, in 1842, (and given on pages 16 and 17), 
except that it furnishes some additional items. On comparison, 
however, with the Family Record as preserved in Thomas Styles' 
letter to his brother Henry, (pages 13 and 14), it presented some 
genealogical conundrums which, at first sight, were rather puzzling. 

For example, there is a record [vra.], of the death of " Jonne 
Stylles the tvyfe of Thomas Stylles" in 1605; whereas it is evident 
from the preceding and succeeding records, that Marie was the 
mother of all of Thomas' children. Then there are traces, in records 
[xm] and [xiv] of a Thomas Stylles who had a garden, &c., in 
1624; and who could not have been Thomas, the gardener and the 
father of all these children, who must have been dead [see xi] long 
years agone; nor, could it have been his son Thomas, the young- 
est Emigrant, for in 1624 he was but twelve years of age. Then, 



* Promised? 



22 THE STILES GEMEMLOGY. 

there is a record [xv] of a Joane Stiles who married William 
Heddye, in 1634-5; and who, (although the ages agree fairly enoughs, 
could not have been the same Joane, born 1604, who accompanied 
her brothers to America — see Passenger List of the vessel in which 
they came hither, page 25. For, married in January, 1684-5, it Ls 
not prolmble that she embarked under her maiden name, and left her 
husband l)ehind — of whom, indeed, we have no subsequent trace on 
this side the Atlantic. 

So, by a careful analysis of these three documents, viz., the Let- 
ter of Thomas Styles, (page 13), the Passenger List of the vessel in 
which they came to America, (imge 25), and the Extracts from the 
Parish Registers of Milbrooke, (pjige 20), and by "reading between 
the lines " in a way which only comes to genealogists by dint of 
limg experienct^ in sucli matters, we have at length reacheil this con- 
clusion: 

First -T\\',it the Milbrooke Parish Register preserves for us the rec- 
or<ls more or less complete, of three, dxHtinct (and prolmbly 
nAf\i{^A\\ faiuiJies of the name of Stiles, viz.: 

( 1 ) A Richard Styles who hiul a son Richard, lK>m in 1581. 

(2) A Tliomas, who had the garden, etc., [xiii, xivj; who was 
the husband of the Joanne [viii] who died in 1605; which Thomas 
and Joanne were the paivnts of Joan who married William Heddye. 

(3 ) A Thomtis, " the caq^enter," and his wife Maria, both of whom 
died in 1614, well in years, and who were the parents of eight chil- 
dren, of whom foiu* sons and one daughter, came to America in 1635 

-from which emigration originated the Connecticut Family of Stiles. 

Serowi — It is verj' evident that the family was not of Bedfordshire 
origin. It appears upon the Milbroke register in 1581; 
and it entirely disappears from there with the emigration 
to America of Thomas Stiles' children in 1635, having 
dwelt there altogether for a period of 54 years. Neither 
in this, or the adjoining parish of Ampthill, does the name 
ever subsequently appear. 



THE CONNECTICUT FMMILY, 28 

This Milbrooke family, of which Thomas and Mario were the 
parents, and from which we are descended, was — at the time when 
our knowledge of it begins (February, 1635) — pretty well broken up. 
The parents had been dead for some twenty years; and the sons, 
most of whom had followed their father's trade of carpentering, etc., 
had sought their fortunes apparently in London; where Henry and 
John had already become reputably established as master carpenters 
and builders, and were freemen of that city. John and Chjustophek 
werp likewise away from Milbrooke, and, very possibly, were also in 
London. Thomas, the youngest of the family, and apparently an 
husbandman by occupation, was the only one left in Milbrook<% as 
appears by his letter (p. 14), to his elder brother Henry. Of the sis- 
ters, Joan and Elizabeth, we have no knowledge; they were probably 
married, or residing in London with some of their brothei-s. 

Li London, Fkancis Stiles, who seems to have been of a more 
active and enterprising spiiit than the others, in some way fell in 
with, or attracted the attention of Sir Richard Saltonstall, (me of a 
companj of English noblemen, who, having become thoroughly dis- 
satisfied with the conduct of affairs under the then reigning mi march, 
King Charles L, had determined to seek a new home across the sea, 
and had obtained a patent for a broad extent of territory in America, 
whereon to found a new commonwealth. This patent, which had 
been granted, by the Earl of Warwick, in 1631, under Charles I., to 
the Viscount Say and Seal, Lord Brook, Lord Rich, Charles Fiennes, 
Sir Nathaniel Rich, Su* Richard Saltonstall, Richard Knightly, John 
Pym, John Hampden, John Humphrey and Henry Pelham, may be 
desoril)ed, in round terms, as embracing the greater portion of the 
present State of Connecticut, and extending Westward to the Pacific 
Ocean.* 

The leaders of this enterprise were of the choicest of England's 
sons; men of means, enterprise and broad views, both as to matters 
political and religious. Their plannings and preparations, their 

* Or, as President Clapp, of Yale College, descrlbea It: "All that part of New EuglaDd 
which lies weet from Narragansett river, a hundred and twenty miles on the sea coast: and 
from iheuce In latitude and breadth aforesaid to the sea, which grant extended from Point 
Judith to New York; and from thence in a west line to the South Sea: and If we take Narragan- 
«eti river In Its whole length, this tract will extend as far as Worcester, [Mass.], and compre- 
hends the whole of the Colony of Connecticut, and much more." 

The Earl of Warwick, the grantor of thU patent, had received the title In 1630 from the 
Plymouth Colony of England, to whom had been granted In Nov., 1620, by King James I., an. 
Immense territory, then designated as *• New England In America;" and of which this (^)nn«c- 
tlcut patent of 1631 was a slice. 



24 THE STILES GEMEALOGY. 

seletition of settlers, jigenta and officers, showed tliat they fully eom- 
pn?liended what was needeil in the laying of the foundations of a 
cxiinmon wealth. But this is a njatter of geneml history. We have 
simply to follow the fortunes of our own. It wits a stirring time 
among the English race — this period when, as Pres. Stiles siiys, 
(p. 11): "Li twelve yeai-s, fnmi ir)29 to 1()42, four thousand men, 
with about three thousjmd families, implying fifteen to twenty thou- • 
sand souls, for the siike of free exercise of pure religion, tltnl out of 
England, from the tyranny and i)ersecution of King Ciiailes First, 
juid Archbishop Laud, and settled in Mew England.'' 

In all this stir of emigration, Fi*ancis Stiles foimd his op}K>rta- 
nity, in some way, to the notice of Sir Kichard Saltonstidl and the 
other gentlemen who were ass*x*iated with him in tlieir contemplateil 
settlement on the C/onnecticut River, and he wius selecttnl as steward, 
or manager, to precede them thither, and to prepare the necessary- 
houses, grounds, etc., against their arrival. President Stiles {Gen- 
eahxjival J/^S^. ), says : ^^Govemer AVoolcott, of Windsor, in 17()4, 
told me he was in the Eighty-seventh year of his age, and that he 
was well tuiquaintcnl with many of the origiujil settlers of Windsor. 
He told me that P'rancis Stiles wtus Steward to Sir Riduuxl Salton- 
stall, and by him employed in building a Park at the up]>er end of 
Windsor. And I found the tradition tli^t Francis was an jvctive man, a 
caq)ent(T and a man of great business, and hml to keep and maintain 
men to build a Park for Gentlemen in England; but, failing, became 
so involved that lie removed to Stmtford, where he left three sons." 

In his own good fortune, Fnuicis Styles forgot not that of his 
family. His elder brother, Henry, then establishe<l in London, and 
John, and Thomas, who was "in worke" at Mill)r(K)ke, and the sis- 
ter Joane, were all included in his ]>lans for a new home. The other 
brother, Christopher, wiems, for some reason, to have prefeiTed to 
remain l)ehind. Of him we have no further record, save that, in 
1651, he, (mentioned as "hee in England"), was one who was 
jJlowed a portion in the distributi(m of his brother Henry's estate 
in AVindsor. 

By Februaiy the 15th, 1634-5, the pre])arations of the Salton- 
stall ])ai-ty, under Fnincis Stiles, were evidently very nearly com- 
l)leted, and they were awaiting ordei*s to sail ; for, at this juncture, 
Henry Stiles wrote up from Londcm to his younger brother, Thomas, 
then of Milbrooke, lusking him to procure a copy of the records of 



THE CONMECTICUT FAMILY. 25 

tlie family births from the Parish Registers; which Tliomas protnirecl 
juid sent to him, adding at the same time several little items of 
family busine^ss, and requesting to be infonned, as soon as possible, 
when he should liimself go up to London to meet them, as he had a 
job of work and was anxious to continue in it as long as possible. 
AVTiether, as is probable, Henry Stiles sent for this parochial certifi- 
cate of the family births for purposes of registration required of all 
those who were allowed to leave the Kingdom, (for those were troub- 
lous times), or from a thoughtful and very natuml wish in one who 
was, (in age, at least), the head of the family, to preserve the 
authentic record of their births and origin, we know not. But 
thankful we are, in this day and generation, that the record was 
secured, which forms so indubitable a starting point for our family 
genealogy. 

Fortunately, also, documentary evidence connects with this let- 
ter, and enables us to identify every member of the Saltonstall party, 
and to trace their course from the shores of England to those of the 
Connecticut River. 

At the Augmentation Office (so called), in Rolls Court, West- 
minster Hall, London, is a small folio manuscript volume, in a vellum 
wrapperor cover. This volume contains the names of persons per- 
mitted to embark at the port of London, after Christmas, 1634, to 
some period in the following year, kept generally in regular succes- 
sion. On the cover is the f oUowiug : 

**The Register of the names 

of all y^ Passenger [s] wcb 

Passed from y« Port of 

London for an whole 

yeare ending at 

Xmas 1635."* 



• See y. E. Gen. JUffister, Vol. xlv. ; also Drake's " Resuit of RfMearches among tht British 
Arekipes/or Information relative to the Founders of N. E." Boston, 1860; ivo. p. 14; and Ma*$. Hist. 
Site. CbUeetions, Sd Series, Vol. vlll., p. 252. 

" Passengers wth Passed from ye Port of Lond. Poet festum Natalls Chrlsti 1634, usqe a<l 
feetam Na. Chrlsti, 1635,"— Is the title as given In the yolume of Original Lists of Person* of 
QuaUtjf, Emigrants t Rftigitms Exiles, Political Rebels ^ rfc., dc., who went out from Great Britain to th'' 
Amterictm Plantations, 1600—1700. By John Camden Hotten. New York, 1877. 



26 THE ST/L£S G£M£ALOGY. 

Among the lirst eutries is the following: 

16 Mftrcij 1634. Theis vnder-writteu nameK are to be transported to New Eng- 
land imbarqiied in y« Ckrisiian de Lo: Jol» White M*" bound thither, the Men haye 
taken ye oath [of] Allegeance & HupTemacif.- Mildred BrttiatrH* 

yeres 

flfranciH Stiles 35 

Tho: Bassett '. 37 

Tho: Styles 2i» 

Tho: Barber 21 

Jo: Dyer 28 

Jo: Harris 28 

James Horwood 30 

Jo: Reeves 19 

Tho: flfoulfoot 22 

James Busket 28 

Tho: Coopt 18 

Edward Preston ., 13 

Jo: Cribb \ 30 

George Chappell 20 

Robert Robinson 45 

Edward Patteson 33 

ffrancis Marshall 30 

Rice HeyleiJ 22 

Tho: Halford 20 

Tho: Haukseworth 23 

. Jo: Stiles 35 

Henrie Stiles 40 

Jane Worden** 30 

Joan Stiles 35 

Henrj' Stiles 3 

Jo: Stiles 9 mo. 

Rachell Stiles. 28 

As appeai-s from the above, the party consisted of twenty-two 
adult males, three adult females and two children, (two of the women 
and both the childi-en belonging to the Stiles family), and was under 
the charge and direction of Mr. Francis Stiles, to whom, (or to his 
elder brother, Henrj^ also a master carpenter and a freeman of Lon- 
don), nearly all the males were apprenticed, some before and some 
after their coming to America. 



Notes by 8. G. Drake. 

* [Theao italicized words are in the margin of this list, and show from what parish they 
brought certillcntes of their conformity to the rules and discipline of the Church of England.] 
St. Mildreds was destroyed by the great Are of 1666, and was rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren. 

t Probably Cooper, but the MSS. Is as above, without abbreviation mark. 

X The MSS. appears to me plain. 

** Drake makes this Morden. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 27 

Tlieir vessel, the ship Christian, of London, John Wliite, mas- 
ter, sailing from London, March 16, 1635, arrived at Boston on the 
16th of Jime, as we learn from Governor Winthrop's Journal, in 
which, imder date of "Sixteenth day of the Fourth Month," L e., 
June, he says: "A Bark of fourty tun arrived, set fourth with 
twenty sei-vants by Sir Kichard Saltonstall to go plant at Connecti- 
cott/* Remaining there about ten days, they then set sail for Sal- 
tonstall's plantations, near What is now known as Windsor, Conn., on 
the Coimecticut River, which they reached about July 1st, 1635. 
The only actual white settlers at that time in that place, were the 
occupants of the Plymouth trading house, under Capt. John Holmes. 
A party of men, however, had come overland, only a few days before, 
from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, *' prospecting;" but, at the time 
of Stiles' arrivjil, were exploring fui-ther up the river, near the pres- 
ent Longmeiidow, in quest of a suitable location. Acting under 
Saltonstall's instructions. Stiles landed his party and stores on the 
west bjink of the river, near what is now known as the "Chief Justice 
Ellsworth place;" and lost no time in getting to work. Hardly had 
he commenced, however, before the Massachusetts men, who had 
foimd no place above quite so much to their liking as the neighbor- 
hoo<l of the Plymouth tradei-s, returned; and their jealoasy was 
immediately excited by the presence of Mr. Stiles as the agent of a 
rival coii>oration; and, under a claim that they were within the juris- 
diction of Massachusetts, they proceeded to put a stop to his settle- 
ment and improvements. The dispute was long, and (if we may 
believe Saltonstall's letter,* which he sent to Gov. Winthrop, the next 
yeai-), an angry one; and we know that Mr. Francis Stiles was not of 
a temper which would easily brook any interference with his patron's 
rights, or his own. Eventually, however, thwarted by superior num- 
bei-s, (for the emigration from Dorchester, in the Massachusetts 
Colony, had already set in), he had to content himself with landing 
his stores, sending his vessel back to England, and awaiting orders 
from Sir Richard as to the course he should pursue. 

We know not as much as we should desire, concerning the final 
issue of this matter; but the little we do know is discreditable to 
those who directed the councils of the Massachusetts Colony. Sal- 
tonstall was put to much loss, not only by the thwarting of his plans 



* See Appendix II. 



28 THE STILES GENEALOGY, 

for a settlement on the river, which he tuid his co-|)atentees hml done 
so much to 8(KJun^ and defend for the use of the EngUsli; but, by loss 
of the provisions jind stores, " amounting to alK)ve =£500,"' which 
were consumed while this was going on; and, also, by the loss of the 
pinnace, (sent at his private cost "of almt)st £1,000''), which was 
cast away, u[M)n her return voyage,* by reason, as Saltonstall says, 
" of their detaining her so longe before she collide unhuie." 

The matter was eventually compromised, however; and the Stiles 
family with many of their C()nipa4jims de t'oytuje, became mcM'getl in 
the Windsor settlement, which had Ixvn effected I)}* the party w hich 
c^me, overland, from Dorchester, in the Massjicliust^tts Bay, in Octo- 
l)er of the same year. Their individuality as menibers of a separate 
emigration, however, was not altogether lost sight of hi the littlt? 
community for some time; as we find them incidentalh nuuitioned in 
T/ourt and other records as **the sei-\'ants," /. ^., of Sir llichard Sal- 
tonstall. 

In the first laying out and allotment of lands among the settlers 
of Windsor, the Stiles brothers, iis wius natunil, seem to have l)een 
located near to one another: Fnincis Stiles ujKjn the "Chief Justice 
Ellsworth ]>hice," (which, indeed, seems to have been the first land- 
ing ])loce of the Salt<mstall ])arty, under his charge), and Thomas, 
Henry and John Stiles, (in the order as named), to the south of him, 
along the rojid which nm along the upland, their lands extending 
from this road straight east to the river, and including lK)th upland 
and meadow. It is probable, while the questi(m of Sir Richard 
Saltonst^airs rights jus a proprietor were stdl in al)eyance, and await- 
ing the result of discussion between him and the Massachusetts 
Bay people, that "his sen ants," (as Francis Stiles' party were 
called), were allowed to locate where they luul first hmded; and 
that, as it gnidually l)ecame evident that there wjis little chance 
of a sjitisfactory iuljustment being arrived at, he sold to Francis Stiles 
a portion of the pro]>erty; and that this sale, or transfer, was vir- 
tujdly " winked at" by the authorities in the appoiiionment of lands 
and home-lots at Windsor— the Stiles party becoming in course of 
time tussimilated with and incorporated in the commimity formed by 
the emigration from Dorchester. 

* UiK)!! the Isle Sable.— HVn/Aropx MSS. 



HENRY STILES. 



Henry Stiles, the eldest brother of the family, was lx>m iu 
Milbroke, Bedfonlsliire, Enghmd, where he was baptized November 
27, 159*^; was admitted a citizen of London, on the 2d Tuesday of 
April, 1632; and was a carpenter by trade. ^ He was forty- two years 
of age at the time of the family emigration to America. He was the first 
person tried by the Court in Connecticut for the fault of selling a gun 
to the Indians, at which Court, held at Newtown, (Hartford), April 26, 
1636, complaint wiis made "that Henry Stiles of Dorchester, [i, e., 
Windsor] or some of * the ser[vants' Jt had tmded a piece with the 
Indians for com." Situated as they were in a new country, and sur- 
n)unded by Indians, with whom their intercourse was necessarily 
guarded, this act was justly deemed a grave oflFence, and one that 
imj)eriled the public safety. It was therefore "ordered that the 
[said] Henry Stiles shall, between [this] and the next Court, regain 
tlie piece from the Indians in a fair and legal way, or else this Comi; 
will take it into further consideration;" and an order was issued that 
no one shall trade with the natives, any * Apiece, or pistol, or 
gun,'' <fec.:t 

He was killed October 3, 1651, at the age of 58 years, by the 
accidental discharge of a gun in the hands of Thomas (son of Matthew ) 
AUyn, of Windsor, and as tradition says, on a "training-day" at 
Hartford.** The records of the Particular Courttt (Vol. H, fol. 29), 
which met at Hartford on the first Thursday of December, 1651, contain 
the following proceedings of " The Grand Inquest uppon the death 
of Henry Stiles." The Jury consisted of " Edw. Stebbing, John 
Drake, John White, Humphrey Pinney, Will. Gibbons, Steph: Terry, 
John Moore, Antho: Howkins, Rich: Goodman, Peter tiUton." The 
following is the record of this case : 

* See page 15. t Servante of Sir Richard Saltonstall. 

t Trumbull's HUtory Conn., 1. 64; Col. Rec, Vol. 1., p. 1. 

** •• As I observed Hknbt died a Bachelor Oct. 3, 1651 : and the Tradition is that he was 
accidentally killed by the discharge of a Oun In a military Train waiting ui>on Gov. Wlnthrop 
when he was embarking for England to procure Connecticutt Charter which he obtained 1662. 
(Pres. StUes MSS.) 

t| These Records of the Particular Court cover the time between March 1649-50 to May 1663. 



30 THE ST/L£S G£M£ALOGY. 

**INDrrEMENT OF THOMAS A«.LYN. 

" Thomas Allyu, i\ira. art iinlited bv the name of Thom:w Allyn, 
not havin«< that due fear of (Jod bc't'ore thine eyes for the preserva- 
tion of the Ufa of thy neifjflibor, didst suddenly, ne«^li^ently, Ciire- 
lassly cock thy piece, and carry the piece just l)ehind thy neigho*" 
w*"** piece / being charged and going off m thine hand, slew thy 
neighb*" to the great dishono^ of (tchI, brejich of the ]K^ace, and loss of 
a member of this Commonwealth, what saist tlioii, art thou guilty or 
not guilty ?" 

" The Inditement being confessed, you are to Inquire whether 
yon finde the fcict to bee manslaughter, or Homicide by misml- 
venture/' 

" The said Thomas Allyn, being Lulited for the fact, the Jurj' 
findes the same t:) bje Homicide by misadventm^e/' 

**The Court tuljudge the said Thomas Allyn to pay to the 
County as a fyne £20 for his sinfnll negle(!t imd carelass Ciirriages in 
the premises and that hee shall be bound to his good behavio'" for 
a twelvemcmth, and that hee shall not beare Armes for the same 
terme." 

** Matthew Allyn Acknowledgc^th himself boimd to this Com- 
monwealth, in a liecognizance of £10, that his sonne Thomas Allyn 
shall carry his good behavioiu* for the s])ase of a yeare next ensuing.'' 

There was exhibited imto this Court " allso, an Inventory of the 
estate of Heniy Styles, deceased.'" " The courte grants John Styles 
to administer, and hee doth ingage his whole estate to pay such pro- 
porcons to the other brothers as the courte shall apjx)inte." 

"The distribution of the astate of Henry Stales by the courte as 
may appeare by the records thereof the first Thursday of Decemb**1651 
is as followeth :" 

*'To Francis Styles and to hee at Long Island, [Thomas], 
and to hee in England, [Christopher], £26 13s. 4d. apiece, 
w^h John Styles is to pay them, and if that brother in England bee 
de^ then his proporcon shall be equally devided l)etween the sur- 
viving brothers." 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY. 31 

IN^'ENTORY OF THE ESTATE OF HENRY STILES. 

From Records of the Particular Courts llaHford, Dec. 1651. 

Nouembreth, I60I. 
A true Inuentory taken of the whole estate of Henry Styles inhabitant of Wynd- 
sor, late deceas'd, dying intestate, either in Lands, Cattle or any kind of estate. 

£ 8. D. 

Inpr the cellar with a stalle & bame and parte of ye homelott within the 

pale* and M acres of meadow adjoining, valued at 057 00 00 

It. The other parte of home lott being 22 acres valued at 007 00 00 

It. Allso 3i) lujres of Woodland lying against Pine Meadow valued at 001 00 00 

It. Allso ouer the great riuer 54 rodd in bredth & from the riuer running 

ea«t 3 myles valued at 030 00 00 

It. two oxen viUued at 018 00 00 

It two steeres valued at 005 00 00 

It two calues valued at 002 00 00 

It of corne in wheat, pease & Indian come as wee judge 90 bushells. . . . 004 01 00 
It of Winter corne in ground, 3 acres 3 quarters wcli is one halfe of it 

Henryes at 001 06 00 

It two moowes of oaten 002 00 00 

It one old frame of timber '. 004 00 00 

It one grinding stone and 3 laders 000 16 00 

It six loade and halfe of hay 003 00 00 

It 17 lb. tobacko, 3 hogsheads with diuers other things together 001 09 04 

It two chests, 3 little boxes 000 18 00 

It 17 kniues with other small thinges . ■ 000 12 00 

It powder, lead, and shott 000 13 04 

It one carte and tackling belonging k one timb^ chaine 002 03 00 

It in Amies one muskitt and fowling peece two swords and other things 

pertaining 004 03 00 

It in carpenters tooles, one whipsawe, two thwarte sawes with diuers 

perticulars 003 05 00 

It in tooles fur husbandry, two shares, one coulter, wedges and other 

thinges. 002 09 00 

It 2 paire of silk garters, one silke girdle, one wrought purse, some 
ribbin with other small thinges, & money & wampums 48, Id. all- 
together '. , . . 002 00 07 

It in bedding and waring cloaths 014 19 00 

It 200 of pumpkins, halfe a cannooe with two measures 000 13 06 

It one Uttle kettle 000 04 00 

It in debts owing to him 002 03 09 



Totall sum is 181 07 00 

Allso wee finde for the present in debts that he owes to seuerall men 053 09 06 



127 17 06 



The names of the men imployed in the taking of this Inventory 
William Graylord. 
William Heydon. 
Humphry Pinnye. 

* •• Pale," i. «., the Palizado, or that part of the settlement which was surrounded with paU- 
8ade« (or defence. There were two of theee defended centres. See Stiles' Hitt. of Ancient 
Wmdtor, Conn., pa«ee 120, 121, 134. 



82 THE STILES GEMEALOGY. 

AN ACCOUNl' OF DEFPS DUE FROM HENUY STYLES, SENIOR, TO 

THOMAS (inXBURT. 

£ 8. D. 

Inp"": Reckoned the 25th March 1«>4*J and then all acco^ being leuied, there 
remained due at the 22th Aprill next euKuing from Henrv* Styles to 
the 8aid Thomas (Jillburt flue pounds, I say due to me the said 
Thomas GiUburt Uo (X) CW 

Since due for die^t beginning the 22th Aprill, 1G49 to y«» 3^ Novemb** 1651, 
hee being bj^ covenant to pay three shillings ^ weeke for his diett, 
the sum whereof amounting to nineteen pounds sixteene shillings, 
I say 19 16 (K) 

To ye said Henry: 

Lent in wheat two bush & 3 pecks ... 00 11 00 

Lent in pease 4 bush, ^j & halfe peck 00 13 10 

Lent 4 bush, of oates to him (K) 08 00 

paid to Tho. Hosskins for him tK) 12 (K> 

paid to Jeames Egleston for him 00 12 06 

for 8 yards of cloth and making of two shirts 01 01 00 

paid to John Bancroft for him 00 01 06 

for a bull calfe that I sould him 00 10 00 

againe paid to Jeame« Egleston 00 04 08 

paid to John Drake, junior for him 00 01 06 

lent to him one bushell of Indian come 00 02 06 

paid to John Denslow for him 01 06 08 

paid to Leiftennant Cooke for him 00 02 06 

paid to Mr. Pincheon for pills for him 00 01 02 

for cloth for two shirts 00 14 00 

for a cotton jackett I sould him 000800 

due to mee for twenty eight dayes work about building of his cowe house 

and sellar 02 02 00 

for eight dayes of myself <t cattle to draw timber, stone, and strawe about 

ye building. .] 01 12 00 

for thirty three, dayes work about fencing 02 09 06 

for four dayes worke of myselfe & cattle to draw fencing stuffe 00 16 00 

for getting setting & drawing of fencing stuffe ouer the riuer 00 14 00 

paid to John Griffin for him 0008 06 

paid to Richard Saxton for him 00 12 OQ 

for thirty weekes diett of John Burton at three shillings sixpence '^ weeke 

whereof hee is to pay the one halfe, the sum whereof is 02 12 06 

due to me for John Burtons wages since the eight of Aprill 1651 he being 

to pay the one halfe 01 06 07 

lent to him 5 lb of iron 00 01 08 

due to mee for dieting of haruest men for him at two haruest seasons .... 00 10 00 

paid to goodman Griswold for him 00 01 06 

for halfe a bushell of rye to sowe 00 01 06 

45 14 07 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 33 

A noate of what I hane receiued and am to bee accountable for to Henry Styles 
or his afwignes. 

£ 8 D. 

Inpr receiued of Robert Watt«on 00 10 00 

Receiued of the aforesaid Henry Stiles 22 bush, of Indian come 02 15 00 

Receiued of him 18 bushells of pease OiJ 14 00 

Receiued IS bush, more of bad pease at 28. Gd. ^ 02 Oo 00 

for Indian come bought of him 00 10 00 

Received of him 8 bush, of wheat 01 12 00 

Receiued more in come 02 00 00 

Receiued of John Griffin for plowing 268. 3d. one halfe due to the said 

Henry 00 13 01i.» 

Receiueii for worke that John Burton wrought about ITs. 4d. one halfe 

due to the said Henry 00 08 08 

due to him for 5 dayes worke of himselfe and cattle to draw wood 01 00 00 

Summa totalis 14 07 OOV^ 

the marke of 

Thomas "^ - GiUburt. 



Subsequently, as appears from (folio 57 of same volume) the 
records of *'A Particular Court, held at Pequott, 24th of March, 
1653-54," an attempt wtks made to fasten the blame of this accidental 
death of Henry Stiles, uj>on witcheraft^ and an Indictment was made 
apmist<me Lydia Gilburt. as follows : 

**Lydea Gilburt, thou art herein indited by that name of Lydea 
Gilburt, that, not having the feare of Gtxi before thine eyes, thou 
hast of late yeares, or still dost give Entertainment to Sathat[an], 
the great Enemy of God, and mankinde, and by his helpe hast killed 
the boily of Henry Styles, besides other witchcrafts, for which, 
according to the law of G(k1, and the Established law of this Com- 
monwealth, thou deservest to dye." 

The charge to the Grand Jury* preceding the record of Lydia 
6ill)ert''s indictment is : 

" You shall swear by the ever-liuing God that you will dih- 
gently cmquire and faithfully i)resent to this court whatsoever you 



• Whether the court at which she woa tried was the flrst Thursday of September 1664, or 
Not. 28 1654 Is not absolutely certain. If the former date, the raagistratee were Mr. Wells, Depu- 
[Oov.] Mr. Woloott, Mr. Clark, Mr. Talcott. The names of the i^rand Jury are not ^ven at either 
date, but there is a list of the grand Jur>* Ist Thursday 7th of December 1654. 



a4 THE STIL£S GENEALOGY. 

know t() Iw a brejudi of anv established law of tliis jurisdiction, so 
far lus may eondiicH? to the glory of (t(kI and tlie gooil of this Comon- 
wealth, tis also what criminal offences* you shall jmlge meet to be 
presented as you exi>ect help fi*om (rod in Jesus Christ/' 

The record fui-ther st\ys " ye [)arty above mentioned is fannd 
iiniUy nf n'iti'hcrnft by y" Jmy." But of the subsecjuent issue of the 
trial, or the fate of the unhappy Lydia Gilburt, no further mention is 
found. It is a part of that myst<»ry which stvms to envelo|)e the 
liistor^' of all cases of witchcnift in the Colony of Connecticut. 

The iteiJis in this ** Account ot debts due from Henry Stiles, 
Sen., to Thomas dilburt,'' (page 32), throw some light upon the con- 
nection of Lydia Oilburt, (^a member of Gilburt's family ), with Stiles* 
death. They show that Henrj' Stiles, being a bachelor, boanleii 
with CxiUnu-t; that the last setttlement made bt^tween the two, prior 
to Similes' deatli, was on March 25, 1649; and that he was paying Gil- 
burt " three shilling per week for dief Gilburt also had charges 
for Ijis own service "alxmt building his [Stiles' J cowhouse," 28 days 
({I Is. ()d; also one half of the services, and halt the diet of John 
Burttm, (prol)ably Stiles' 'hii*ed man'), since April, 1651, and for 
dieting hanest hands, two harvest seasons, etc. Gilburt was hving, it 
must be remembered, in the house which he had purchased, in 1647, 
of Francis Stiles, and which was se[)arated only by an 18-rod wide 
lot of William G.iylord, Jr., from Henry Stiles' lot. Stiles and Gil- 
burt were evidently intimately associated in their daily work and 
intt^rests; and it is quite ix)ssible that Lydia Gilburt may have taken 
some oflFence with their boanler, and that this ill-feeling was suffi- 
ciently known to their neighboi's to bring her under tlie suspicion, 
(so common in those days), of having invoked the aid of witchcraft to 
compass his death. What relati(mshi[) Lycha bore to Thomas Gil- 
burt, we do not know; for, dying at Hartford, 1659, he seems to have 
had no children bom to him, nor mention of any Hvife. She may 
have l)een his sister; but, whoever she was, we are left to infer that 
she lK)re not the best of reputiition in the community, since the record 
of her indictment says " thou ha^^t, of late years, and still dost give 
entei-tiiinment to Sathan, * * * ^^^^ y^y \^ \ie\ip hast 
killed the body of Henry Stiles, l)esides other wiichcrafV^ 



THOMAS STILES. 



Thomas Stiles, the youngest brother of the Emigrant 
Family, was bom in Milbroke, Bedfordshire, England, wliere he was 
baptized February 7th, 1()12; was an husbandman by occupation, 
and the last of the family, (as a])i>ears by his letter on page 14), to 
leave Mill broke, joining his brothers in London, just before their 
sailing from thence. On March Gth, 1()34, only ten days before 
sailing, he indentured himself as an apprentice to his elder brother 
Henry, *' Citizen and Carpenter of London,'' then " outward bound 
in the gmxl ship called tlie Chrhiian, of London, for the Plantation 
in New England."^ This wtis probably done, (in view of the restric- 
ti(ms at that time placed upcm emigi'ation by the Government), for 
the purjx)se of securing a free exit from England, he l)eing then aged 
only twenty- two years. 

He seems to have received a lot of ground in the earliest distri- 
bution of lands among the first settlers of Windsor, which was situ- 
attnl near those of his brothers. But, as a young, immamed man, 
he undoubtedly resided with one of his married brothers, John, or 
" Mr." Francis Stiles, acccnxling to the law of the time, enacted by 
tlie General Court, in 1()87, that " no young man that is not married, 
nor hath any servant, and be no public officer, shall keep by himself 
^\ithout c(msent of the town wliere he lives first had, under j)enalty 
of 20 shillings ])er week." 

He was one of the fifteen men who are certainly known to have 
formeil a part of Windsor's quota, (of 30), for the Pequot expedition, 
and wtus a participant in the bloody fight at Fort Mystic, as ap|)ears 
from the published account of the expedition by its leader, Capt. 
John Mason, wherein he narrates as among " the memorable and 
wonderful providences" wliich that day hapjHined, that "Two men, 
being one man's servants, namely, John Dyer and Thomas Stiles, 
were both of them shot in the knots of their handkerchiefs, bi»ing 
about their necks, and received no hurt." 

Of Thomas' Windsor life, which was brief, we have no further 

* See pa^ 15. 



3(; THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

item of inforniatioii. He next turns up at Flusliing, on Long Island, 
(which, from the In^st attainable data, a|)i>ears to have l)een first set- 
tled about 1643, and chartered by Gov. Kieft, in 1645), as one of the 
twenty-one original patentees of that town. Although imder the 
Dutch government of th<» New Netherlands, the little cpnimmiity of 
Flashing hjul a libend jwlmixture of Englishmen, from the New Eng- 
Imid colonies, and of Friends, or Quakei-s, from Holland. The pre- 
vious ex|)erience of this chkss of Flushing settlers in civil and j)olitical 
lil)erty, and their sturdy independence, naturally .led them to resist 
any encroachments of the Dutch Goveiuor and his Council u[)on 
what they c<msidered to he their vesti^l rights; and to refuse to ren- 
der to the Colony any assistance othtir than that nominated in the 
Ijond of their charter. Having felt the keen blasts of proscription 
and outlawry' on accomit of their religious views, and having sought 
this place as a iKjrmfinent refuge, relying u|x>n the well accredited 
lil)erality of the government of Holland, which had purchased for its 
subjects the price of religious lil>erty at a terrible cost of blotxl jUid 
trejisure, and which was dispostnl to accord the privileges it had 
gjiined to the oppressed of eveiT nation — the |>eople of Flushing were 
surprised to find, within three years from the date of their charter, 
that Governor Kieft was al)out to enforce U|)on them arbitrary and 
imcalled for restricti^ms in civil mattere, as well as to impose upon 
them the maintainance of a minister of the Refonned (State) Dutch 
Church. As his support would have to \ye made a tax uix)n the peo- 
ple, the Quakers resisti^l; and in this they wei-e evidently joined by 
the English element in the community. 

On January 17, 1()48, jiccording to an original document iu the 
Secretary of State's office, at Albmiy, N. Y., *' John Townsend, Ed- 
ward Hart, Thotnas Stiles, John Lawrence and John Hicks, inhabi- 
tants of Flushing, in New Netherlands, with a few others, who are 
principal opi)onents who resist the votes of their neighbors, so [both, 
/. e., as well as J in contributing their share to the maintenance of the 
Christian and pious Reformed minister, and also [in the matter] of 
the nomination of the Sheriff*, ]n*etcmding [ aUegingJ that it is contrary 
to the custom of the Fatherland to nominate only a single inilividual, 
jmd then to recpiest the Director and Council to [ ] him;"* the 

said pei-sons were siunmoned before the Court of January 23rd next 
[1648] under penalty of prosecution.* 

* Sec. StaU't OJfic^ Rec. vil., 116. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 37 

The inhabitants of Flushing were ordered to obey the order for 
an election of Sherifif January 17, 1648.^ 

This election probably passed off peaceably, for, on the 1st of 
February, 164S, William Harck, Sheriff of Flushing, in behalf of the 
inhabitants of tliat town, and Thoman Siiles, Jolm Laurens, and 
William Tennis " of the opposite party," appeared before the Coun- 
cil, and solicited that ** the Director Genend and Council would favor 
them with a pious, learned and Kefonned minister of the Gospel, 
.md would then make such regulations that every inhabitant of 
Flushing should contribute to promote such a godly work [accord- 
ing] to his abiUties; so that there might be an end to their present 
contentions, which would promote the pejice, concord and harmony 
of said village/' Their petition was gi-anted.t 

The feud, however, seems to have broken out agaui, for, April 
Sth, 1648, we find that: " Ttmias Stq/Is, being heard on the written 
complaint of the Director General, acknowledges that he threw the 
^>Ilel•iff Harck to the ground, and confesses that he did wrong, and 
ntiver before so much; and promises to conduct himself in future as 
a good citizen ought, and, therefore, begs that the Director and 
Council will take this into consideration." 

"The confession and petition of Tomas Steyls, together with 
liis pi-omise to conduct himself better in future, having been heard 
by the Council, (with the exception of the Director), he is therefore, 
this time, graciously pardoned, provided he pays here in the office of 
the West India Company, the 50 stivers:^ which he promised at Flis- 
sengen, [Flushing], said sum to be applied at the discretion of the 
Director General and Council; and provided he begs God's forgive- 
ness. Done on thj 8th April, 1648, in Foi-t Amsterdam, in New 
Netherland." 

"Thomas HaU, of Flissengen, [Flushing], being accused of 
aiding Steyls resistance to the Sheriff," acknowledged that " he kept 
the door shut, so that no one might assist the Sheriff," and promf 
ised to do so no more, expressed his sorrow, and was fined 25 
stivers.** 

The arrest of Townsend, Hart, Stiles and others, was followed 
by a series of petty pei-secutions on the part of the Governor, 
whose obstinacy, in attempting to force a State Church upon 

• Ser. StaU's Office Rec., vU., 120. t Idem. I £8. 68. 8d. *• Idem. Kec, vll., p. 144. 



38 THE STILES GEMEALOGY. 

the settlers of Flushing, (although m direct violation of tlieir cliHrter 
rights), and his enmity to the English settlers, dating back to the 
events of 1648 and 1653, destroyed the sym])athy Jind loyalty to 
the States General, of many who were inclined to l)e gniteful for 
past favors; so that, in 1662, Flushing became pne of the Euglish 
towns which offered their allegiance to, and were accepteil by the 
British Colony of Connecticut. 

Our next extract, from the records of the English Goveniiuent 
of New Netherlands, then called New York, certainly does not re- 
flect credit up<m the moral character of Thomas Stiles : 

"Warrant to the Magistrates of fflushing, for y^ restoring of the 
Wife of John Wood." 

Whereas, I am informed that Ann the wife of John Wood, of 
Road Island, is and hath been for y^ spjice of about two years pjist, 
harboiu^d by Thomas Styles, of the town of Flushing, who in her 
absence from her Huslmnd hatli had two children [by her]. These 
are to require yo" to make inquiry into tlie business, and t<^) pi-event 
further Scandall, that yo" cause the said Ann to be restored to her 
Husband, with what goixls are in the Custody of Thonuus Styles, 
l)elonging to the said John Wood, or his wife, mid for so doing this 
shall be yo^** wan^int. Given under my hand at ffort James, in New 
York, this 6th day of Dectnuber, 1664. 

KiCHAHD NiCHOLLS." 

[Governor] * 
" To the Miigistrates of Fhishing, 
ui>on Long Island."* 

Again, on Augiust 30, 1()73, when the Dutch retook the country, 
we find the name of " Thomas Styles of Flushing " among the inhab- 
itimts of the EngUsh Vilhiges who took the oath of allegiance to the 
States of New Netherland, and the Prince of Orange. 

And here the cui-tain falls upon the history- of Thomas Styles. 
Wliat we have thus gleaned concerning him, verifies Pres. Styles' 
statement (p. 16) that he "removed from Windsor to Flushing, on 
Long Island." The President's further sbitement that he "there 
had two daughtei's, but no son,'' is partly corrol)orated by the 

■* Council MimU^M, 1., p. 72. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 39 

fact that in the confirmatory patent to the "present Freeholders 
and Inhabitants" of the Town of Flushing, in 1685, by f)ov. Dongan, 
we find the name of Margaret Stiles among the patentees therein 
named. Evidently this was one of Thomas' daughters, who held 
her rights as a patentee from her father, who must, therefore, 
have died between 1672 and 1685. The destruction of the earhest 
records of the Town of Flushing, during the Eevolutionary War, 
places an insuperable bar to our further knowledge of Thomas Stiles' 
legitimate descendants. 




JOHN" stiles; 



John^ Stiles, the stx^oml son of the Millbroke Family, was 
baptized in St. Michael's Church, Milbroko, Btnlfordshire, Eii<;land, 

the 25th of DeceHil)er, 1595, (see paj^e 17); njarried Ru'liel ,t 

and was forty years of age when he cjime to Windsor, Conn. 

He had a home lot, ne^xt south of that of his brothers Fnuicis^ 
twelve rods wide, along the east side of the highway. In 1(>()3, this 
wjis in ]>ossession of his eldest son Henry, who resided thei-ecm until 
1673, when he exclianged places with John (son of William^ Cxjiylonl. 
In 1H()0, John Stiles, Jr., hml from his father, twelve ac*res wide, of 
the noi*th side of Henry's lot, next the feiTv nnul, | Bissell's Ferrj* 
li<md], which he sohl, in 1(553, to Nathaniel Bissell, "that I, John 
Stiles, formeily lived ujKm.'' 

In the seating of the Meeting-house, at Windsor, in l()51)-()(), 
among those who *'liave paid and and were plac*ed in the long seats 
wdien they paid,'' were "John Stiles, Senr.," luid his wife,:{: ft« i^ 
evidenced by the (is. set opposite his name, that being the price for 
a man and wife. 

John Stiles died at Windsor, Conn., June 4, 1662-3, aged 67. 
His widow died Sc»]>t. 3, 1674. In regard to her see also page 16 anie, 
and Mathew Grant's Old CliHr<]i Itvcord.^* 

THE LAST WILL OF JOHN STILES OF WINDSOR. 

I John Stiles being weake of Body but of perfect memory apprehentling my dav 
is neere at an ende my Houle waiting for the salvation of Oml doe make this my last 
Will and Testjiment. 

Imi)r I bequeath my soule to god that gave it to me, and my body to a Christian 
Buriall, as for my worldly goods I thus dispose of them. I give to my wife Rachel 
all my estate for as long jvs shee lives in a widowhood conditicm. But if it please 



♦ We uike the Bauie view of the order of (ieiiornlion that Pr»*8lflent Stll«« did, In hia MSS.. 
wherein he says: '♦ Altho John Stiles II. (b. 163;J) be the Ancestor of the Subsequent Collections 
yet I consider John Stiles I, l>orn 1595 as truely the first Ancestor who came to America, I mean 
New England." 

t The mention of her name In his will, corrects Savage's supposition (.V. A', frntfal. IHct. 
Iv., 194), that It was the " Joan, aged :i5," of the Passenger List given on page 26. 

X Stiles* Hi*t. Anrintt Wiwhor, pp. 149-15(). '^ Idem, p. S.W. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 41 

God that sbee chang her condition into a married relation then my Will is that the 
^tate that she then stands possessed of shall be divided &> my wife shall have a third 
part A yo rest of my estate shall be equally divided amongst my four children: 
That is to say: Henry John Isaac and Sarah Steward. Also my will is that when 
my wife dies the estate that she stands then possessed of shal be equally divided 
amongst my foure children. Also my will is that if my son Henry can answer the 
former legacies to my other three children after my wife's decease according to y® 
true proportion of their parts then it shall be in my son Henry's liberty to keep all 
y® Lands intire to himself. And I desire my Loving friends Jacob Drake and John 
Graylord and John Bissell Jun' to be my Overseers to see this my will pr formed 
according to ye premises aforesa'd. ^ This being my full desire and Last Will made 
and subscribed the last day of May 1682. 

JOHN X STILES. 
Testis, 

John Gbippin, 

John Bancboft. 

* The Inventory of the Estate of Jno. Stiles, Sen*" who died 4 June 1662. 
Taken Aug. 6, 62: 

£ 8. D. 

Imp*" His orchyrd, bame with home lott 340000 

On y« other side the highway 22 Ac™ 22 00 00 

It 9 acres of meadow 45 00 00 

ffor come on y® ground 10 00 00 

Come in y© house 01 00 00 

Wearing apparell together 04 00 00 

In cattle 460000 

In bedding, linnen, and 5 Quishions 13 08 00 

In pewtr Brass, Iron, Tin, Wooden Ware. . .-. 06 02 00 

Instruments about the fire 01 00 00 

Tools, Sacks and Measures 06 02 00 

Chests, Chairs, Tribles, payles, Bible, Pistols 03 02 00 

ffumitnre for rideing & husbandr}' 05 12 00 

In Lumber about yc housing 02 18 00 

In Cotton & Linnen Cloth 050000 

Sum 222 04 00 

The Estate Indebted, 27:19:6. 

WrLiiiAM Gayi,ord. 
Matthew Grant, 

Children, (mentioned "in his will, dated May 30, 1662, of which 
I have seen the original." — Pres. Stiles^ MSS.): 

2. L Henry,^ bom in England, about 1629; d. Aug. 22, 1724; 
m. (1) Mrs. Ketch; m. (2) Elizabeth Wilcoxsoii. 
Family 2. 



• This Will and Inventory of John Stiles were "presented, approved and accepted by yv> 
I(V»urt of] Assistants" at Windsor, SepU 11, 1662. lUc. Particular Court, II., 179, 



42 TH£ STILES GENEALOGY, 

3. n. JOHN,^ bom in England, about 1633; d. Dec. 8, l(>83; 

m. Dorcas Burt. Family 3. 

4. HL Isaac,* bom in Windsor, Conn. ; d. 1714-15; m. Hannah 

. Family 4. 

6. IV. Sarah,* bom in Windsor, Conn.; m. (1) John Stewart,* 
of Springfield, Mass.; m. (2) John Sacket, of Westfield, 
Mass. No issue. 



* Named Sarab Steward In her father's will, as also In Pree. Sttlee' M8S. CoUirpu. (Hist. 
Woodbury, Oonn.). gives date of her first marriage as ** about 1650." and of seoand as 1091 : an<1 
Saoket'B reeldenoe as Nortkawtpton, Mass. 




Descendants of John' Stiles, tbe Emignint, 

DT THE LDTE OF HIS ELDEST SOH HENET.^ 
FAMILY 2. 

6. Serjeant Henry ^ Stiles, [2] {John,^) was bom in England, 
about 1629;* resided at Windsor, Conn., and was twice married, 
(1) to Mrs. Ketch, of Stratford, Conn., about 1658; (2) to Eliza- 
beth (dau.' of WiUiam) Wilcoxson, of Stratford,t April 16, 1663. Bis 
rate;ible estate, in 1716, was £79 2s. 6d., "north of the [Farmington] 
rivulet;" on this list he is called ** Sergeant." 

He was one of those who occupied the " short seats " of the 
Windsor Meeting House, in January, 1659-60. J As these seats were 
rated at 3/». a person, and Is. for a man and wife, and as he had a 3«. 
seat, it was evident that his first wife, whom he had married in 1658, 
was then dead. 

He is also thus mentioned in the records of the Quarter 
Court, at Hartford, Dec. 1, 1664 : " Hanna Bancroft pi. contra Henry 
Stiles deft. In an action of defamation to the damage of Twenty- 
five pounds, the pit. appeareth not." 

July 8, 1667, during some Indian troubles up the Connecticut 
Valley, we find his name among " those of the diugoons that have 
received pouches of Thomas Dibble, which he got made and is to be 
paid by the town-^Henry Stiles, one." ** 

In Sept., 1696, **(Jorporal" Stiles, as he was then called, and 
John Hosford were the master workmen employed m the building of 
a residence for the llev. Timothy Edwanls, at " Windsor Farmes," 
now East Windsor. In this work he was assisted by his son Joseph 
(afterwards ** Lieut") then a young man of some 20 years. tt From 
Ih's we infer that lM)th father and sou followed the family calling of 
cjirpenters imd buildei-s. 



* "Thin John SUleB was fathn • of Mr. Ton ih-i'i 8ill**s, of Wlnisor, now living, aa. 75, who In 
17<;2 BhewfMl me a MHinoir he had inale«>r hlB Father's death, May 22, 1724, agod (95) Ninety- 
five yearK, hence he must have tieen horn in England, 1629, about five years before his removal 
to Sew Engiani." {I*ref. Slilfs' MSS., 176:i). 

t Pr»^. atilee gives the name as •* Wilcox," of Guilford. 

t 8> lies' Hut. AncJmt Windsor, pp. U9, 150. 

♦* Ibid., p. 157. 

tt Stoughton's Windtor FarmeM, p. 47. 



44 TH£ STILES GENEALOGY. 

In tax list of 1675, levied for support of the Rivulet ferry, at 
Windsor, he is noted as having ** family and horse."* 

His name is among those proprietors and inhabitants on the 
East side of the Connecticut River, (present East Windsor), who, in 
1680, petitioned tlie General Assembly for a new town, to be set off 
from Windsor.t 

Children {Iry first marriage) : 

7. L Henry.' Family 3. 
{By second marriage): 

8. XL Elizabetth,' bom Nov. 30, 1664; m. John Denslow, in 

Mch., 1720-1. She cjied without issue, Sept. 13, 1752, 

8B. 88. 

9. m Margaret,'* bom Feb. 6, 1666; died about 1690. 

10. IV. Mary,' bom Sept. 28, 1669 ; married Isaac Eggleston, 

Mar. 21, 1694-5; resided in the present town of 
Bloomfield, Ct., a tew rods N. of the Old Brick School 
House. Issue : 

11. i. Isaac,* bom Dec. 30, 1695; died Feb. 10, 1716-17.t 

12. ii. Maby,< bom July 20, 1697; married Shepard. J 

13. iii. JoHN,< bora Sept. 10, 1700; died Jaa. 12, 1701.t 

14. iv. Nathanuel,* b. Jan. 8, 1702-3; m. Goodwin, 1736; 

settled at Windsor, Ct, had Nathaniel,^ Isaac, ^ and a 
dau., none of whom were married in 1764. — (Pres. 
StUes' MSS. 

15. T. Daniel,* b. June 12. J 1705; m. Loomis, 1731; had 

Daniel Loomis,* who m., (1) Manley, 17G3, set- 
tled at Wintonbury, Ct., and had Mary,« Elizabeth;* 

m. (2) Ashly, by whom he had four or five sons 

and daus.— (Pres. Stiles' MSS.) 

Mrs. Mary (Stiles) Eggleston, according to Pres. 
Stiles, was living in 1764, 8b. 95 cir. Mr. E^les- 
ton died about 1735. 



* SUlee' Andmt Windsor, p. 62, and 6, Svpplement. 

t IbW.. p. 868. 

X Dates from Stiles' AnciaU Windsor, p. 691-2. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. ^'5 

M\. y. MiNDWELL,^ bom Dec. 19, 1671; died Nov. 6, 1685. 

1 7. YI. Samuel,^ bom May 16, 1674; died Dec. 1712; m. Mai-tlia 

Ellsworth. Family 4. 

18. VII. Joseph,^ (Lieut.) He died umnarrieil Aug. 28, 1756. "A 

tragical incident of his early life cast a shadow (iver 
his remaining days, though he lived to old age. He 
had an engagement of marriage with a yoimg lady, a 
near neighl)or of his, of the family of Stt^ughton. 
The day of the wedding was fixed, his hoase fitted up 
in an expensive style very unusual in that day; and 
the sun of prosperity shone biightly on him and his 
intended bride. At this time they were invited to 
attend a gay party in Ejist Windsor, and he was very 
desirous of going. The young lady's mother was un- 
willing her daughter should go, jus on her return they 
would have to cross the river at night. He urged 
and she consented. He told her if her daughter 
drowned he should die with her. On their return 
from the painty the boat sank in the river, and he 
attempted to swim with her to the shore, {md sup- 
ported her until he lost his consciousness. They 
were taken from the water, both apparently dead, but 
her spirit had indeed fled forever. [Timothy Loomis' 
MSS. records this unfortunate occurrence as follows: 
* June 3, 1714, at night, Dorothy Stoughton, of Wind- 
sor, and John AUyn, of Enfield, were drowned in the 
great River, against Sgt. [Joseph] Styles.'] 

" He never manied, but kept house while he Uved, 
in very liberal style. He was hospitable and gener- 
ous in his hoase, making everything pleasant to his 
friends, particularly to his young relations, when they 
visited him. He was kind and benevolent, and, ac- 
cording to tradition, was anxious for the improvement 
and education of the young, (a thing little attended to 
in that day), and gave a part of his property for the 
use of schools in the town of Windsor. 

"Tlie house of Joseph Stiles, the foundation 
stones of which were plowed up in the spring of 1858, 



4B THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

stood a few rods north of the present house of Maj. 
Martin Ellsworth. Most of the Stiles land has passed 
into the ]>ossession of the Ellsworths. 

" There is now standinjjf (1858) on these premises, 
an micient cedar tree, which once stood near the door 
of Joseph Stiles' house. This tree, in the earliest 
times, was the rallyin*^ iK>int of the hunters, and my 
^uidmother could rem(*ml>er when there wiis a huge 
pair of deer's horns hunj< on the highest branch, and 
it had himg there from the time the first dwelling was 
built there.'' — Jjeiier of Miss LucTetia Sfilefi^ of Wind- 
sor, Ct, 1858). 

The tree alx)ve referred to as standing near the 
northern end of the mansion known, during the pi*es- 
ent centurv, as " the Oliief Justice Ellsworth House," 
in Windsor, was blown down a few years ago. The 
main ix)rtion of its trunk has been carefully retained 
on, or near its original site; while its branches and 
lK)ughs have bet*n worked up into chairs and other 
forms of ornament or use, and distributed among the 
diflferent families of the Ellswoi-th name. 

19. VIII. Benjamin,^ die! unmarried May, 1757. Pres. Stiles 

says he settled at Derby, Ct. 

20. IX. JoHN,« (Sgt.) born about 1083; died Nov. 12, 1728; m. 

Elizabeth Taylor. Family 5. 

21. X. Jonathan,^ (Dea.) bom alnrnt 1(587;* died Dec. 30, 1775; 

m. Sarah Eggleston. Family 6. 

FAMILY 3. 

22. Henry' Stiles, [7] {Sgt. Henry? John,') married . 

He resided north of the Rivulet, in Windsor, Conn., where he died 
-iB. cir. 70.'' (Pres. Stiles' MSS.) 

CiiiUhen : , 
23. I. Thomas,* bom Aug. 12, 1690; died immarried, ae. abt 70; 
is probably the one thus mentioned by the late Miss 

"* Pres. Stiles says, in 1764. Ihat he was then living, aged 77 years. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 47 

Lucretia Stiles, of Windsor, Ct.: "There was .a man 
bv the name of Thomas Stiles, that my grandmother 
used to call imcle when she spoke of him. He had a 
faiTO and a lonely house on Kocky Hill. I do not 
know as he ever had a family; but I know that, in the 
after part of his life he lived almost alone there. His 
house was standing when I was a child, and I used 
to visit it often. It was a ruin then." 

24. n. Henry,^ l)om Feb. 19, 1693, **a worthy man, died with- 

out issue — extinct." — (Pres. Stiles MSS.) 

25. EEL Rachel,^ bom June 21, 1696; m. (1) John Bancroft, (son 

of Ephraim Bancroft and his wife Sarah, daughter of 
John'^ Stiles), who was b. 19 Dec, 1690, and d. 21 
May, 17r>5.* She m. (2) Thomas Parsons. Issue [by 
first marriage): 

26. L Rachbl (Bancroft), born 21 Aug. 1723; d. 3 July, 1735. 

( Old E. W. Burying Oround in South Windsor, Conn. ) 

27. IV. Jonah,* born June 24, 1700; m. Wid. Bachel Brown. 

Family 7. 

28. V. Amos,* bom Feb. 14, 1702-3; m. Lydia Cooley. Fam- 

ily a 

29. VL Sarah,* bom ; m. John Osborn, of Windsor, 

Conn., ApL 15, 1730. Issue: 

30. i. John,* bom Jan. 20, 1731-2;t d. ». 5. 

81. ii John,* bom Feb. 7, 1736-7 ;t d. ae. 3. 

82. iii. Sabah,* bom June 30, 1738. f 

33. iv. IUcHEL,*bom July 6, 1741.t 

34. V. Ann 5.* bom Oct 1, 1743. f 

35. yl John,* bom Nov. 23, 1746;t d- »• 2. 

36. yil MiBiAM,* bom Nov. 30, 1750. f— (Pres. Stales' MSS.) 



* WUl exhibited 7 July. 1735, by widow Baobel. Executrix, 
t Dates from Stllee' Ancient Windsor, 729. 



48 THE STILiS GENEALOGY. 

FAMILY 4. 

37. Samuel' Stiles. [17] (Sift Htmry,^ John,') b. May 10, 
1674; resided in Windsor, C't.; uiiinitHl Martha Ellsworth, of W., Dei*. 
1701. He died Dec. 1712, and his widow married George Norton, 
Jr., of Suffield, Conn., (son of George Norton, of Ipswich), May 14, 
1717, and moved to Suffield, with her only daughter, Elizabeth. 

ChiMrvn: 
88. I. MAiriHA,^ lK)ni A pi. 1, 1702; d. munarrietl. 

39. EL Samuel,* (Lieut. ) lK)m Jjinuary 15, 1705-6. Family 9. 

40. III. ELiZABErH,M)om Oct 14, 170vS-9; m. Daniel Spencer, 

of Suffield, Conn., D(v. 22, 1726. Isme: 

41. i jKRr8HA,*b. 17:M>;m. Paul Steward, cir. 1752, and 

settled at GlaHcow, near Westfield; had several chil- 
dren. 

42. ii. Samuel, ' m. Speedy Olds, in 174S; settled at Suffield, Ct.: 

had Experience* (Spencer), Calvin« (Spencer), Luther' 
(Spencer), Samuel* (^Si)encer), Jerusha* (Spencer), Mar- 
thftC (Spencer), Mary« (Spencer). 

AX iii. Daniel,* m. Patience Olds; had Daniel* (Spencers 

Au>?UKtin« (Spencer), Patience* (Spencer), Martha" 
(Spencer) il. r». 18. 

4 L iv. Elizabeth, • b. cir. 1740. - (Pres. Stiles' MSS.) 

Mi-s. Elizabeth (Stiles) Si)encer died January 28, 
1803, «. 95. 

FAMILY 5. 

4o. Serjeant* John' StileS, [20] {S(jL Henry,'' John,') b. about 
1()83, resided at Windsor, ('onn. He married Elizal>eth Taylor, at 
W., May 19, 1724, and died Nov. 12, 1728, ». 45. His widow be- 
came the second wife of his cousin, "Long Jonathan" Stiles, for- 
merly of Stratford, ('t., but then of "the Jersies," and the ancestor of 
a lar^e branch of tlu» family in that State. Li 1716, Serjeant John 
Stih^s' ratt^ible estate wjis £21 I5s. 



* Sit calU'il in Town K«* 'onlH, and on his jfraveBtone. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 49 

I am inclined to think that he was the John Stiles who, 
with six others, executed the curious "Pewman's Bond," Dec. 
10, 1718, in the sum of £5 each, under the provisions of 
which they were permitted, by vote of the Ecclesiastical (Old or 
Fii-st) Scxiiety of Windsor, to **make a pew over the women's stairs, 
provided they fill the said pew, and don't hinder the light." This 
bond lx)und "all and every one of them, their heirs and axlministra- 
tors, to well and truly pay, or cause to be paid, his or their rateable 
pjirt of building a pew, which we are now about to build in the gal- 
lery of the Meeting house." None were to sell out their right with- 
out the consent of all the rest; and none to sell it for more or less 
than its original cost.* This John seems to have been the only one 
of the name, of family estate, then residing in Windsor proi>er, and 
was jirobably the one named. 

Child: 

46. L John,* bom May 6, 1729; died unmarried in 1756, 
SB. 25.t 

FAMILY 6. 

47. Dea. Jonathan' Stiles, [21] {Sgt Henry;^ John,') bom 
al)out 1687, wjxs a prominent man in Windsor, Conn., in his day; and a 
deacon in the church dming the pastorate of the Rev. Mr. Jonathan 
Marsh, the third pastor. His dwelling house still (1886) stands on 
the esist side of the road to Windsor Locks, just north of the present 
Bissell's Ferry Road. 

In 1786 he was taxed thus: "One head, 18; house land, 3 
acres, 03; meadow land, 10^ [acres], 07:17:06; upland, 3J acres, 
0-lr:15; bush land, 6 acres, 12s.; one horse, 03; two cows, 06; two 
pigs, one yr old, 12. Total £42:04:06." 

He was one of the seven persons who, on 3d of September, 
1761, were, by act of the Consociation of the North District, in the 
County of Hartford, embodied into a chiurch state, known as the 
^' North," or "7th," or "4th" Society, of Windsor; being a seces- 
sion of those residing north of the Farmington Rivuh^t, mid who 

* Stllee' Ancient WmtUor p. 357, noU. 

t •* In 1733 the Court at Hartford appointed Jonathan Stiles and Elizabeib, bis wife, for- 
merly of Stratford, then lately of Hanover, In New Weat Jersey, to be guardians to John Silles, 
then of Windsor, aged about 4 years, son of the said Elizabeth."— (//iwmrtfi Mss.) 



50 TH£ STILES GENEALOGY. 

chose the Rev. Thecnlore Hinsdale us their pastor. Mr. Jonatbui 
Stiles was Deacon of this chiuch.* 

He married Sarah E^^f^leston, of Windsor, Ct., Jan. 12, 1708. 
Deacon Jonathan Stiles died at W., Dec. 30, 1775; his widow died 
Feb. 19, 1784. 

ChUdreii: 

48. I. Sahaji,^ bom July 27, 1711; (unmarried in 1763, accord- 

ing to Pres. Stiles JfSS.y who says she was l)om 
*^cir, 1716.") 

49. II. Jonathan,* bom Apl 28, 1722; (ac^cording to Pres. Stiles. 

died 1727.) 

oO. III. Jonathan,* l)om Mar. 18, 1725-6; died Sept. 8, 1775; 
was a bachelor as late as 17(53, according to Pres. 
Stiles. He lived "north of the Rivulet," and was 
taxed thus in 1720: "1 head, homestead, 4 a^*res 
meadow, 2 cows, and one yearling, £31:10:0. 

FAMILY 7. 

51. Jonah* Stiles, [27] {Henry ^ Sgt, Henry ^John,^) bom June 
24, 1700; married Widow Rtichel Brown, of Westfield, Mass., Jan. 1, 
1728-29.t He removed to Westfield, M^^., alxmt 1730, where he 
was a first settler in the district known as "Longjard," and was the 
jmcestor of the elder branch of the Westfield (Ma«s.) Family of 
Stiles. 

Children [born at Windsor^ Cfynn,): 

52. I. LucYj^bom, Oct. 5, 1729; m. (1) Gurdon Munsell, of 

Windsor, Ct., Nov. 7, 1751. Issue : 

53. i. GuRDON,o bora Oct. 31, 1752; died Oct. 1754.^ 

54. ii. Solomon/' born April :i, 1754. J 

55. iii. LucY,6 born November 31, 1755. J 

56. iv, Maky,« bora Sept. 30, 1757. J 



* stiles' Hist. Ancient Wiridsor, pp. 362, 363, 874. 

t Jonah Stiles and Rachel Brown "Widow" have given In their names with intention of mar- 
riage upon the 23d November, 1728. 

Jonah Stiles and Widow Rachel Brown, both of Westfield, above named, were Joinetl In 
marriage by John Ashley, Esqr., Justice of the Peace, Jan. 1, 1728-[29]. ( }Vesifield Rtcord*). 
X Dates from Stiles' Ancient Wind*or, p. 712. 



-,8. 


II. 


59, 


III. 


60. 


IV. 


Cyl. 


V. 



TH£ CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 51 

57. V. Guiii>ON,fl (2d) bom Oct. 27, 17(>0. (Pres Stiles MSS. \ ' 

Mrs. Lucy (Stiles) Miinsell; m. (2) Nathaniel Morton. 

Children (born at West field, 3fasfi.): 

Gideon,' (Lieut.) born Aug. 10, 1731. Family 10. 

JoNAH,'^ bom Aug. 7, 1734; died Jan. 4, 1756, fe. 22; 
" d. in the second yeai* of the War, in the army, un- 
married." (Pres. Stiles' MSS.^ 

SnraAEL,'^ bom Aug. 11, 1736; died 1753, sb. 17.* 

Eliakim,' bom Aug. 22, 1738; "was killed in this rOld 
French] War, by the Indians, 7 miles from [Fort] 
WUliam Henry." (Pres. Stiles' AfSS,, 1764.)* 

62. \r[. Rachel,' lx)m Oct. 1, 1740; m. Samuel Owen, about 

1759; '^lad issue." (Pres. Stiles' 3fSS.) 

63. VII. ALiCE,'t bom Feb. 2, 1743; died 1754, se. 11 years.* 

FAMILY 8. 

64. Amos* Stiles, [28] {Henry, ^ SgL Henry, ^ John,') born 
Feb. 14, 1702-3, resided in Windsor, Conn., married Lydia (daughter 
of Benjamin and Abigail) Cooley, of Springfield, Mass., cir. 1725. 
He is supposed to have died about 1758. 

Mrs. Lydia (Cooley) Stiles died at Whately, Mass., Sept. 15, 
1775, 8B. 66.*^ 

Children : 

65. I. HENiiY,' (Capt.); married . Family 11. 

66. 11. Lydia;' married . 

67. III. Margaret;' " married, and died lying in, and her infant 

daughter, too." (Pj-es. Stiles' MSS,) 

68. rV. Zuba;' "married Othiel Sykes, of Springfield, Mas.s., 

and had two children." (Pres. Stiles' MSS., 17(54). 

* In Genealogy of SUles Family given In Cothren's Hixt. of Ann^nf Wotuihury, Conn., It Ih 
Htated that these were " killed by the Indians In 1756." 
t Called " Rills," on the WestJUld Record*. 



52 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

H9. V. Rachel;"* married TbomaH Parsons, of Windsor, Comi.: 
had a son and two daiij^hters. (Pres. Stiles' MSS.) 
Sprinff field Records give " intention of maniage he- 
tween Thomas Parsons and Eachel Stiles, both of 
Springfield, Oct 20, 1756 f and ** married 11 Nov., 
1756." 

FAMILY 9. 

70. Lieut.* Samuel' Stiles, [39J {Samuel,^ S<jf. Henry;i 
John,^) bom Jan. 15, 1705-6; resided in Windsor, Conn. He mar- 
ried Mary Phelps, of Windsor, Feb. 19, 1729-30. Tlieir grave- 
stones, of red sandstone, in the Windsor graveyard, preserve their 
epitaphs, as follows : 

**Iii Memory of Lieu* Samuel | Stiles, who Died ' FebrT: 171» A. D. 1792 . in the 
HBtli Year j of his Age. | Here lies Bnrie.l in the dust | One that in Jesus put his 
Trust." 

**In Memory of ) Mrs. Marj' wife of | Lieut Samuel Stiles | who died Oct 6^^ 
1799 I aged 93 years," 

The tax list of 1736 gives this exhibition of his taxable 
property: "One head, 18; house land, 3 acres, 03; meadow land, 
42 acres, 31:00; upland, 9 acres, 14:10; five horses, 15; cue of 
two yrs. old 02; two oxen, 08; two of 2 yrs. old, 04; three cows, 09; 
swine of one yr. old, 07; one swine, 01. Total, £103:00. 

That he was a person of good social position is evidenced not 
only by family correspondence, yet extant, but by various articles of 
I)ersonal use which have been handed down to his descendants. 
Among these are a curious leather pocket-book, or wallet, now in 
possession of the author of this Genealogy, stamped on one side 
with his name "L^ SAIVIVEL STILES," and on the other with 
the date, 1736; and, in the possession of Miss Mary Stiles, of Wind- 
sor, Conn., a small letter box, and also a case, containing a pair of 
scales, with weights, for the weighing of coin — both covered with 
red leather, handsomely stamped in gilt. 

Children {horn a( Windsor, Conn.): 

71. I. Martha,* born April 9, 1731; m. Elijah Parker, of Belch- 
ertown, Mass., 1753, and died about 1782. Issue: 

* So called on Town Reoorda, as well as on gravestone. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 53 

7-. i. Mabtha.* 

7:<. ii. ROXANA.* 

"4. iii. Jebusha.« 

75. iv. Tabitha." 

7r>. V. ESTHEB. 

77. II. Maky,* bom 1734; died at Windsor, Ct., Apl. 18, 

1817. Inventor}', tixken Sept. 23, 1817; amount, 
$1,794 75; mention made of "a lot at Rocky Hill, on 
the Plain,'' and meadow ** called the Old Field.'' 
[Hartford Co, Probate Records), 

78. III. Hannah,'^ bom 1735; married her cousin, Ashbel, 

son of Rev. Isaac Stiles, of Noi-tli Haven, Conn., Feb. 
7, 1759. 

79. IV. Samuel,' bap.* May 15, 1737; died Dec. 21, 1757, ne. 20. 

80 V. Elizabeth,* bap.* Sept. 9, 1739 ; m. Elijah Norton, of 
West Hampton,t Aug. 4, 1768. Inmie : 

81. i. AuBELiA,«b. Nov. 18, 1769. 

K2, ii. Benjamin. « b. 

H3. ui. Elijah,* b. Feb. 6. 1773. 

84. iv. Joseph,* b. Aug. 8, 1777. 

Mr. Elijah Norton died Mar. 15, 1797. Mrs. Eliza- 
beth (Stiles) Norton died Mar. 15, 1828, je. 86. 

85. VI. Makgaret,' bap.* Dec. 20, 1741; d. ap. 3 weeks. 

86. VII. Margaret,' bap.* Jan. 2, 1742-3; d. at W., Oct. 28, 1822, 

». 78. 

87. Vm. Benjamtn,*^ bom April 26, bap. 28, 1745; died suddenly 

of disease of the he,art, ae. 19. 

88. IX. Abigail,' bom Oct. 15, 1749; died July 23, 1817, ». 66. 

• Baptisms from Record* of Windsor First Church. AlBO, Oct. 11. 1741, baptised •• Xanto, 
Hamuel Styles, his Negro, bap. on hia own account." 
t One authority rays Suffleld, Conn. 



54 THE COMMiCTICUT FAMILY, 

FAMILY 10. 

81). Lieut. Gideon'' Stiles, I •>-^ I iJ^^nah,* Henrf/,^ S(jt. Henvji: 
Joliu^^) honi Au«j^. 10, 1731; resided in WestiieM, Mjiss., iukI mairietl 
8amh Taylor, of Sheffield, Conii. 

The first book of S(ffft/tiri(k {^luss.) T<>irn liarnuiH eoiinnen<*es 
ill 1771, shortly after the ineorjHmitioii'of the town, which l)efort^ 
that hml formed a part of Westfield. I^ is mostly tilknl with a 
reitord of tlie business transactions at the Town Meetings; a few 
pjiges at the end bein«< devoted to "Intentions of Marriage," et<-. 
The fii-st niention of tln^ nnnie of Stiles is in 1775, when, March l'2th, 
*'at a Lenjal Meeting? of Freeholders of South wiek/' "Gedeon" Stiles 
wjLs chostMi one of three selectmen; ami. May 21) of sjime year, one of 
a committee to provide |K)wder and lead; and, Jigain, Nov. 16, one of 
a committee **to set out the destivcts of scoolin*^." Mtuch 11, 1777, 
he wjis chosen Selectman; Auj^. 1), one of a ccmmiittt^e to " find a 
pound,' and hittn* in the year lie wjts chosi^i a committee **to regu- 
late the ])ast f Pest J House." He is then called ''Lieut." 

Marcli 10, 177S, ^^gedeon" Stiles was again chosen Selectman; 
24th March, one of a co;unitt<n^ of five "to inquier into the ba])ts 
[Baptist) minester's Rate " and, Nov. 9, one of a cfmimittee of four 
'* to juiswer how many of th(^ iKLftlfi Be dismest of said rats." May 
17, 1779, **ata legal me<*ting," Ac., he was one of a committee of 
four '*t4) treat with Mr. Forward [Rev. Ab^»l]; June 29, same 
year, ''on a committet* to indemnify Mr. Forward, A'c, to- 
wards the settlement/'^ Oct. (>, 1781, "Lieut. Gideon Stiles" 
was a committeeman "to adjust town debts;" 19th Sept., 1782, "to 
find tlu^ cent(M* of the town;'' 1784 and 1785 he wjis Assessor; 1786, 
wjus on a committee to set tit* a dispute in the Southejist District, and 
from that date until 1797 or '98, he constantly appears lus holding 
som(> ])osition of trust in comuH'tion with town affaiiu 

C/tihlren ihoru at Jf^csfJirhJ^ Jf(i.s,s.): 

90. I. Alicp:,^ died in infancy. 

91. TL Jonah,*"' born Sei>t. 1, 1759-60; m. Sophia Bnx>ker. 

Family 12. 



f This s«Htlenient df>eH not iu<<an thr MetllliiK of a pallor; as the towu voted, 1775 *• to pll Mr. 
Forwurl's \v(h>;| by donation" : and tbr^ nninberof oordH 8Ui)i»Iiod him In 1778 waft 45; and. In 
17K(), It waM votrd to raise m<»ney to pay Mr. F's xiithmt-nt. 



THE STILES GEM.EALOGY. 55 

92. m. Alice,^ born May 10, 1761. [Pres. Stiles MSS,) 

93. IV. Shi'BAI.il,'' bom Jan. 17, 1763; m. Eimiee Owe^. Fam- 

ily 13. 

94. V. DoKUs,*' born July 1765; ni. Sally Barker. Family 14. 

95. VI. Betsy;** died in infancy. 

915. VII. SALLY,M)3rn Jan. 21, 1771; m. Isaac Coit; d. Nov. 9, 
1838, ffi. 72. 

97. Vin. RoXENA,** l)orn ; died in infancy. 

98. IX. RoxEN'A,^ l)orn ; ni. Solomon Smith. 

99. X. Bethy,'* born Jan. 19, 1778; m. Samuel (son of her cousin 

Samuel) Owen. 

100. XI. Hanxah,« born Jan. 11, 1780; m. Oliver Smith. 

101. XII. Gideon,^ bom April , 1782; m. (1) Diantlia Noble; 

(2) Mary Busli. Family 15. 

FAMILY 11. 

102. Captain Henry' Stiles, [OSJ [Amos,' Henry;' S(ji, 
Henry l^ John,^) was born in Windsor, Conn. He wiis, during his 
youth, much in the military service during the French and Indian 
Wars. He was in Capt. Ephraira Williams' compmiy, at Fort Mjis- 
sachiisetts, Sept. 23, 1754 ; in Capt. Israel WiUiams' company, 
Dec. 11, 1755 to March 10, 1756; in Capt. John Burke's company, 
in the expedition to Crown Point, Mar. 29 to Dec. 30, 1756 ; Ser- 
«^eant in Capt. Isaac Wyman's company, Dec. 25, 1756, to Jan. 26, 
1757 ; Sergeant in Capt. John Burke's company, in the ex^Kidition 
to Fort William Henry, Feb. 12 to Nov. 4, 1757.* 

He had married, Nov. 4, 1747, Ruth ( Wqlls) Kellogf^', widow of 
Ezra, and after Jhe war (1764) they settled in that part of Hatfield* 
Mass., now kno^^Ti as Whately, where he built a house southejist of 
Lyman Dickinson's present (1885) house, and east of the highway; 

He was a prominent man among the first settlers of Whately ; 
was appointed Constable at the first meeting for i\\v election of Town 
officers, held at the house of Jolm Morton, innholder. May (>, 1771 ; 
juid, in May of same year, wius rated on the List of Polls and Estates 



56 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

of the town, thus : 1 poll ; 1 d wellmj^ house ; 1 horse ; 2 co\\-s : 04 
bushels of ^min ; 4 jiores tillage land. 

When hostilities eommeneed between the colonies and Great 
Britain, his patiiotic spirit and his lonj? military exi)erience mmle 
him foremost in the confidence of his fellow to\Mismen ; and he was 
chosen as l^a])tain of the company of '* Minute men," which staiied 
from Whately for Lexingtcm, April 21, 1775. Tliey marched that 
tlay and the next forencnm, 40 miles ; when, retreivinjjj intellij^enw 
that the Biitish liad retreatcnl, and that their servicers would not l>e 
required, they returned home on the 28d. 

June 9, 1788, the Town chose Capbiin Henry Stiles and Nathau- 
iel Coleman dele<;ates to *'a (\mvention to l)e holden at SpriiigtieM, 
on the seccmd Wednesday of June inst." 

Lydia Stiles ( mother of (^apt. H(mry ) and Ruth his wife, are 
mentioned amonj^ tliose who **cons(mttHV to the covenant of the first 
church (Established in Whately, at a meeting held for formatioD ol 
said church, Aug. 21, 1771. 

Mi-s. Ruth Wells ( Kellogg) Stiles, died at Whately, July 5, 1812, 
a>. 80 yeai-s. 

('ai)tain Henry Stiles died at Whattily, April 20, 1810, le. SO." 

Chihh'cu: 
10:J. T. Vvxk,\.' 

104. II. ZiLPAH,'' m. P(^ter Clark. 

lOf). III. Lydia ,« m. Feb. 4, 1781, Jacob Allen Faxon.f 

10(). IV. Lewis;" m. Electa Pomeroy. Family 16. 

107. V. EsTHKii;'' m. T^ni Baker. 

FAMILY 12. 

108. Jonah' Stiles, \'M\{Giil"on,'* Jonah,' Ilcnrn;' Siji. Hvnnj; 
Joftn^) born Sept. 1, l759-()0, at Westfield, Mass.; in. Sophia Br(K)ker, 
of Washington, Mjuss., Nov. 17, 1784. About the year 1794. here- 
moved from l{ui)ert, Vt., to Sohm. ( )non(Liga ( now Tnixton, CortlaiKb 
Co., N. Y., of which Ik* wjus one of the first settlers. He l(x;ated on 

^ For tlio niatorialw of this biography of Capl. Henry Siller and Family, we are Indebtwl to 
TempJos K-rlf^iagfUal Hist. Whntly, ami the Hi^t. of Whnt^ly. 
t Fnrnn iiriifoltHiy, p. Ho. 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY, 57 

Lot 4, and purchased one hundred acres, now owned and occupied by 
Samuel Freeman. In 1809, with Alvin Pease, he erected the second 
grist-mill in town. In 1810, they erected a carding machine mill. 
These mills afterwards passed into the hands of Otis and Jonah Stiles. 
The latter, however, soon sold out to Samuel Stiles; and, finally, the 
latter's interest was purchased by Otis, who, in 1814, added to his 
business another branch, that of cloth-dressing. In 1826, Mr. Stiles 
rebuilt, and engaged more largely in the manufacture of cloth. In 
1837, he added improved machinery. In 1838, Almerin W. Crane 
became an active partner, and in 1848, sole proprietor. 

Mr. Jonah Stiles accumulated a handsome property; was es- 
teemed for his social and benevolent qualities; held many town offices 
of trust, etc. He was also a soldier of the Revolution. He received 
a pension for his services. His grandson, Samuel Keyes Stiles, of 
Otego, Otsego Co., N. Y., has now in his jx^ssession a sword which 
was^ven to Mr. Jonah Stiles, from the mihtaiy stores taken at Bur- 
goyne's surrender. 

The records of the U. S. Pension Office, at Washington, D. C, 
furnish the following details of the services of Jonah Stiles (No. 
28,586, on the Pension Eolls), from which we learn that he was; 

"In January, 1834, of Truxton, Coi-tland Co., N. Y., and states 
that he was bom in Southwick, Mass,. Sept. 1, 17C0, where he was 
living in August, 1776, when he enlisted for 4 mos. with Capt. Gray* 
marched to Ticonderoga, N. Y., there joining the Mass. Regt. of 
Col. Woodbridge. At the time of the alarm in the Spring of 1777, 
causetl by the advance of Gen. Burgoyne from Canada, he turned out, 
and again at the time of the battle of Bennington, Vt., (Aug. 16, 1777); 
was absent both times 2 weaks. In Sapt., 1777, he w.us ordered out 
in the Co. of Capt. Fowler, to reinforce the Northern Army at 
Saratoga, and was present at the surrender of the British army imder 
Gen. Bm'goyne — absent 6 weeks. He was drafted in Oct., 1778, for 
3 mos. into Capt. Stebbins' Co., to guard public property at Boston. 
About 8 years after the war he removed to Rupert, Bennington Co., 
Vt., remaning 4 years ; then to Cortland Co., N. Y., where he has 
Hince resided. Shubael Stiles, a brother of Jonali, w^as a witness & 
Uving Sept., 1833, at Southwick, Mass., aged 70 years." 

. He died March 10, 1840, in Truxton, N. Y. His wdfe died Feb. 
6 (or 7), 1836. 



58 TH£ STILES GENEALOGY. 

Children : 

109. I. 0ti8,^ born at Southwick, Mass,, Dec 22, 1787; m. 

Deborah Wood, of Coleraine, Mass.; had three 
children. Eesided (^1859) in Tmxton, N. T., now 
( 1886) deceased. 

110. 11. Sophia,^ bom at Southwick, Mass., Dec. 12, 1789; m. 

Alexander Forbes, of Litchfield, Ohio; had sixteen 
children. Resided (1859) in Medina County, Ohia 

111. IIL Jonas,'* bom at Rupert, Vt., May* 16, 1791 ; m. Maria 

(dau. of Samuel) Owen; had two children. Resided 
(1859) at Westfield, Ohio. 

112. IV. JuLU,'^bom in Rupert, Vt., Feb. 10, 1794; m. John 

Wicks, of Truxton, N. Y.; had seven children, of 
whom John D. Wicks, of Tmxton, N. I., (1885), 
was one. 
Mrs. JuUa (Stiles) Wicks died March 10^ 1869, se. 75. 

113. V. Harriet," bom at Solon (now Truxton) N. Y., June 12, 

1797; m. Robert Wilson, of Tmxton, N. Y. Both 
had deceased in 1859; had four children. 

114. VL Samuel,^ bom at Solon (now Truxton) N. Y., May 12, 

1798; m. Rachel Wilder. Family 17. 

115. VII. Electa,^ bom at Solon (now Tmxton) N. Y., Oct. 29, 

1801; died Nov. 3,1803. 

FAMILY 13. 

116. ShubaeP Stiles, [93J {Lieut. Guleon,^ Jonah,' Henry, ^Sgt. 
Henry,^ John^) born at Westfield, Mass., Jan. 17, 1763; m. Eunice 
Owen, Feb., 1782. He died Nov. 17, 1845. She died May 17, 
1840. She was one who helped to organize a new church in S., in 
1805.t 

The Westfield, (Mass.), Tovm Records show Shubael Stiles to 
have been a man of much public business. Mai'ch 8, 1785, he was 
chosen one of the surveyors; March 14, "field driver;" March, 1788, 



* Letter of John D. Wicks, of Truxton, N. Y., says •• Jonah." 
t HUt, Conn, ValUy, p. 1,091. 



THE COUIIECTICUT FAMILY. 59 

"fence viewjBr;" April 4, 1791, a selectmaxi; Nov., 1792, on commit- 
tee "to see where the Meeting-house shall be moved;" March 12, 
1793, chosen Moderator, School-Committee, Selectman and Assessor; 
Sept, 1794, one of a committee " to dignify (t. e., allot) the pews in 
the Meeting-house;" Nov. 17, 1795, on a Com. "to divide the school 
money; " March 8, 1796, Fence Viewer, School Com., and to 
"adjust the town debt;" Oct. 26, 1797, Selectman; from that 
date to 1803 occupying the same offices, (except that he was 
excused from the last in 1803); April 2, 1804, chosen a Selectman 
and named "Lieut;" Selectman and Assessor in 1805. In same 
year, "at a l^al meeting," &c., Dec. 15, he was one of a committee 
of five, on the Baptist side, against a similar committee on the Pres- 
byterian, "to propose someway by which the two denominations 
can be reconciled relative to the differences concerning the Meeting- 
house." In 1806 he was chosen a Selectman; in 1807, an Assessor; 
in 1809, chosen Selectman, but excused himself from service; in 
1810, chosen a Surveyor of Highways, and on a committee "to 
divide the time as to the Meeting-house between the Baptist and 
Standing Order," and in 1813, upon a similar committee — the final 
conclusion being that the Baptist commence occupying the House 
"frcMn May 5, 1813, three months, and then Presbyterian Order 
three months on alternately; Provided, that the other regular socie- 
ties may occupy the Meeting-house their proportionable part of 
time, by giving sufficient notice to the Denomination then occupy- 
ing." This lasted until 1824, when we find Mr. Stiles again ap- 
pointed on a committee " to lay out and receive a conveyance cA land 
from Enos Foote for the purpose of building a meeting-house. The 
record of his service in various town oflices continues imtil 1832. 
May 6, 1812, he was chosen a XJepresentative from Southwick to the 
General Court. 

Children : 

117. L RowENA,' bom June 22, 1782; m. Philip Nelson, Nov., 

1805; died March 6, 1840. 

118. II. Theodosia,' bom March 7, 1784; m. Warren Boynton, 

Feb., 1800. 

119. in Keziah,' bom Dec. 30, 1785; died Dec. 1, 1852; un- 

married, in Southwick. 



00 THE STILES OEMEALOGY. 

120. IV. ShubaelJ bom June 27, 1787; m. (1) Elmira Bills; (2^ 

Margaret ParsonH. Family 18. 

121. V. Eunice,' bora AprU 17, 1790; in. WiUiam Hosmer, Oct. 

10, 1811. 

122. VI. KiLBOURNE,' bom May 9, 1792; died Aug. 15, 1803. 

123. VII. AucE,' bora Jan. 28, 1794; died April 22, 1804. 

124. Vin. Candace,' bom Aug. 17, 1797; m. Bement Parker, April 

18, 1820; died June 17, 1840. 

125. IX. Milton," bom Oct. 24, 1799; died Aug. 6, 1803. * 

FAMILY 14. 

126. Dorus* Stiles, [94] {Lieut Gidexyn,^ Jonah,' Henry,^ Sgi. 
Henry, ^ Jo/tn,^) l)ora at Westfield, Mass., July, 1765; was a powder 
manufacturer, at W., where he built the first powder mill erected in 
the State of Massachusetts. 

According to South wick (Mass.) Records he was chosen March, 
1785, Hog Ileef ; 1792, Fence Viewer; 1796, Selectman and Tything- 
man; 1800, on School Committee; 1807, on Town Committee; 1808, 
Surveyor of Highways; 1810, Town Clerk; 1813, Selectman and 
Assessor; 1824, subscriber to the building of Congregational Church; 
1805, chosen Constable. 

He was a man of extraordinary parts. His early education was 
scant, but he nevertheless l>ecame a great reader, and remarkably 
conversant with history. He was the leading man in the town of 
Southwick, which he representtnl in the State Legislature three 
times, and was thirteen times (1794-(), 1802-13) chosen as St^lect- 
man of his native town. He was a man of brains; observing, 
thoughtful; quiet in habit, almost taciturn; was often CiJled ui>on to 
decide personal disputes and to arbitrate between his neighl>or8, and 
was what is called a " natural born lawyer." He had the i-eputation 
of being an ej)icure, and was generous to a fault. 

He married Sally Barker, of a lejuling Suftield (Conn.) family, 
and died May 29, 1836, «. 71. His widow died Nov. 9, 1836, m. 72. 

Children {born at Southwick, then a jxirt of Westjield, Mass.:) 
127. I. Henry,' bora April 2, 1785; m. SaUy Aver>\ Fam- 
ily 19. 



THE STILES GENEALOGY. (51 

128. 11. Elukim,' bom Feb. 4, 1788; m. Mary P. Holcomb. 

Family 20. 

129. III. Anson,' bom 1789; died Jan. 1, 1818, ae. 29; kiUed in a 

powder mill. 

130. IV. Cmmss,'^ bom 1792; d. May 7, 1816, se. 24. 

131. V. SALLY,'bomOct. 2, 1793; m.Kiehard Mather. In 1857 

was living in Southwick. 

132. VI. Milton,' bom 1794; d. Oct 9 (or 23), 1805, ee. 11. 

133.. VII. Milton,' bom ; m. Catherine Nelson, of South- 
wick, Masa, Oct. 14, 1836. (Intention pub. Sept. 
10, 1836). Ees. (1859) Spencer, Ohio. 

134. Vm. NoKMAN,' bom Jan. 20, 1798; m. 9 Mch., 1820, Phebe 

B. Hamiston. In 1824 was a subscriber towards the 
erection of the Congregational Church of South- 
wick; 1831, April 4, chosen Fence Viewer; 1832 and 
'34, Hog Reef; 1833, Field Driver. He died 2d Deo., 
1856. 

135. IX. DoRUS,' married Wid. Huldah Lafliu. Mrs. L iflin wis 

the dau. of Gideon and Eunice (Whitney) Koot, and 
was bom 19 Jan., 1805. She m. (1), Feb., 1827, 
Lester (son of Major Heman and Clarissa Rising) 
Laflin, of Southwick, who was drowned in Sebago 
Ponds, Me., June, 1828. She m. (2), 1832, Mr. 
Dorus Stiles. He died 5 Nov., 1832, sinie prole. 
She m. (3), 1840, Allen (son of Ham and Lizzie 
Allen) Loomis, of Suftield, Ct., who died alxmt 1864, 
sine prole. Mrs. Huldah (Laflin-S tiles) Looails 
died at Chicago, III, about 1879-80. 

136. X. Betsy,' bom Oct. 1, 1802; m., Jan. 24, 1829, Dr. Levi 

W. Humphrey, of Southwick, Mass. She was his 
second wife, and bore him four children.* Mrs. Betsy 
(Stiles) Humplu^ey res. (1885) Southwick, Mass. 

137. XI. Jarvis,' bom Nov. 15, 1807 ; m. Fannie Ely. Family 21. 



• The Oenealogy of the Humphrfys* F\imily contains the full record of this family (Fam. 61., 
p. 211-212). It also glvea the year of the blrih of Mrs. Betsy (Stiles) Humphrey, as 1801. 



G2 THE COHMECTICUT FAItfLY, 

138. Xn. Maru,' bom Sept. 3, 1809; m. Jeduthan Clark, of 
Southampton, Mass., Nov. 8, 1831, (intention pub- 
lished 7 Oct); no issue. Mrs. Maria (Stiles) Clark, 
now a widow, resides (1885), at Mesopotamia, Ohio. 

FAMILY 15. 

139. Gideon* Stiles, [lOl] {Lieut,Gideon,Wonak,* Henry, ^ Sgt. 
Henry,^ John,') bom at Westfield, Mass., 23 April, 1782; m. {1\ 

Diantha Noble, Nov. 28, 1802;* m. (2), Mary (dau. of and 

Martha Judd) Bush, of Westfield, Aug. 25, 1817, who was bom 3 
Nov., 1797, and is still living (1885), in Southwiek, Mass., with her 
daughter, Mrs. Wells Fowler. 

Mr. Gideon Stiles was chosen Selectman of Southwiek, Mass., 
in 1815,' 16, 17, '18, '19, '20, '21, '26, '34, '36, '52, '59, '60.t He 
represented the town in the General Assembly in 1818, 1829; in 
1832, received 143 votes for Senator; in 1824, was one of the sub- 
scribers for building the Congregational Meeting house; in 1825 and 
'26, was chosen one of tliree Trustees of the Dickenson School Fund; 
was frequently Moderator of the Town Meetings, and occupied 
many minor offices and places on committees. 

He died in Southwiek, Mass, Aug. 9, 1860, sb. 78 years and 4 
months. 

Child {hy first marriage) born in Sonthunck, Mass,: 

140. L E»fELiNE,^ bom Oct. 30, 1803; m. Julius Harmon, (A 

W. Suffield, Conn., May 21, 1823. Issue: 

141. i. SARAfi E.,» m. Denison ; res. (1886) in Soath- 

wick ; husband and (only) son dead. 

142. ii. Son;« ; d., oe. 9 yr. 

{By second marriacje): 

143. II. Diantha Noble,' bom Dec. 23, 1817; ra. WeUs Fowter, 

of Westfield, Mass., June 29, 1842. Issue: 

144. i. Eloisa,- b. May 1, 1844. 



* This, according to Southwiek records, was the date of Intention of marriage. 

t The absence of date of death of Oldeon Stiles' father, (Gideon), and the remarkable 
share which he took In public matters, renders It possible that we may have awarded to the son 
some offices, etc., which belonged to the father. 



THE COHHECTICUT FAM/LY. 63 

145. ILL Gideon Anson,' bom Feb. 9, 1819; m. Elizabeth Gibbs. 

Family 22. 

146. IV. Jonah,'' bom March 17, 1835; m.«Mary A. Kellogg. 

Family 23. 

FAMILT 16. 

147. Lewis^ Stiles,* [106] {Capt. Henry,'' Amos,' Henry,^ 
Sgi. Henry, ^ John^) married Electa Pomeroy, of Whately, Mass. 

Children : 

148. I. Sophia,' married Jere. Edson. 

149. n. Harry,' bom Aug. 8, 1789; died. 

150. in. Horace,' bom Oci 17, 1791. 

151. rv. Harry,' bom April 21, 1793. 

FAMILY 17. 

152. Samuer Stiles, [114] {Jonah,^ Lieut Gideon,^ Jonah,* 
Henry? Sgt. Henry? John?) bora at Solon, N. Y., May 12, 1798; m. 
Bachel Wilder, of Sherbume, N. Y., June 14, 1836. Farmer and 
manufacturer of woolen goods. At the age of 50, his health failing* 
he relinquished manufacturings and confined his attention to farm- 
ing, until his death, July 27, 1884, at Otego, Otsego Co., N. Y. 

Mrs. Bachel (Wilder) Stiles died March 26, 1882. 

Children : 

153. 1. Sophia,^ bom at Traxton, N. Y., July 7, 1837; immar- 

ried; resides (1885) at Otego, Otsego Co., N. Y. 

154. II. Catherine Wilder,^ bom at Sherbume, N. Y., Nov. 3, 

1839; immarried; resides (1885) at Otego, Otsego 
Co., N. Y. 

155. III. Samuel Keyes,^ born at West Burlington, N. Y., Jan. 

21, 1851. Is a farmer. Besides, unmarried, (1885) 
at Otego, Otsego Co., N. Y. 



• Hi$L of WhaUlyy Mass., 219. 



64 THE COMMiCTICUT FAMILY. 

FAMILY 18. 

156. Shubael' Stiles, [12()J (Shuhad,^ Lieut. Gideon,^ Jonah,* 
Henry, ^S(ff. Henry ^ John,') bom at Westfield, Mass., June 27, 1787; 
nianied (1) July 15, 1809, Elvira (daughter of Erastus and Asenath 
Norton) Bills,* who died June 27, 1820; m. (2) Jan. 25, 1825, 
Margaret Parsons, of Suffield, Conn.t 

He resided at South wick, Mass., where he died Sept 22, 1874, 
pe. 89.— i South u^'ck Toum Bee.) 

Children: 

157. L KiLBOURN,^ bom Dec. 17, 1809; married Olivia Bush. 

Family 24. 

158. II. Milton,'' born May 25, 1813; married Mary R Porter. 

Family 25. 

159. ni. Lucy K,« bom July 30, 1815; m. Horace Birge, Dec 26, 

1843. 

160. IV. James,^ bom Feb. 25, 1818; died immarried. 

161. V. Edwl\,« bom Dec. 27, 1820; died unmarried. 

FAMILY 19. 

162. Henry' Stiles, [127] {Dorus,^ Lieut. Gideon,' Jonah* 
Henry, ^ Sgt. Henry, ^ John,') bom at South wick, Mass., April 2, 1785; 
married Sally Avery, of Groton, Conn., Dec. 30, 1819. She was 
bom March 4, 1801. He was a whip manufacturer and farmer. 
Mr. Henry Stiles died at Meriden, Conn., Dec. 23, 1866, 8b. 81. 
Mrs. Sally (Avery) Stiles died at M., Maich 5, 1867, m. 66. 

Children (all born at Feedin/j Hills, Aggawam, Southtvick, 
Mass.:) 

163. I. Sarah L.,« bom Aug. 29, 1820; m. Easton Q., (s. of Abra- 

ham, and Claude) Rising, of Southwick, May 21, 

1848.t Issue : 

164. i. Eliot M.,* b. May 7, 1845; d. April 8, 1846. 

* Bill* Genealogy, t Suffield Records, 
t Southwick Records say June 9, 1846. 



THE COMMECTfCUT FAMfLY. 65 

165. ii. Annettb E.,»b. Sept 17, 1849; m. J. H. Enlow, May 22, 

1877; has Henry Rising (Enlow), b. Sept 24, 1879. 

166. n. Curtis H.,« bom Sept. 15, 1822; m. Mary Gaylord. 

Family 26. 

167. m. DoBUS A.,« bom June 17, 1824; m., July 5, 1847, in 

Meriden, Conn., Betsy Ann (daughter of John P. 
and Betsy) Warner, bom at Westfield, Mass., July 
5, 1828. Has been a tin-plate and iron-worker; 
now (1886) retired from biisiness. No issue. Be- 
sides at Durham, Conn. 

168. IV. Lucy A.,« bom Nov. 5, 1826; m. Benjamm L. Van 

Horn, May 31, 1843; resides (1886) Fairbault, Minn. 
Issue: 

169. i. Hbnby Bemjamin,» b. March 10, 1866. 

170. ii. Lulu Stiles,* b. March 30, 1861. 

171. V. Anneite M.,® bom Jan. 14, 1829; m. Charles Warn0r. 

Resides (1886) Meriden, Conn. 

172. VI. Mary A.,« bom May 12, 1832; m. Henry Herschberg. 

Died Dec. 18, 1863, ee. 31. 

173. VII. Norman C.,« bom June 18, 1834; m. Sarah M. Smith. 

Family 27. 

174. VEIL Phebe B.,« bom July 25, 1836; m. John Benzaqun, 

July 13; died Dec. 19, 1858, ae. 22. 

FAMILY 20. 

175. Eliakim^ Stiles, [128] {Dorus,^ LietU. Gideon,'' Jonah,' 
Henry,^ Sgt. Henry^ John,^) bom at Southwick, Mass., Feb. 4, 1788. 
Was engaged, for a time, in the manufacture of powder, afterwards 
in whip-making. In 1824, subscribed to a fund for building the Con- 
gregational Church in Southwick, Mass. 

When about 35 years of age, was married to Mary P. (daughter 
of Esq. Seth) Holcomb, of Granby, Conn., to which town Mr. Stiles 
removed, shortly after his marriage, and where he resided, engaged 
mostly vxx farming, until his removal, in 1860, to Ottumwa, Iowa, 
where he died, June 8, 1871, at the residence of his son, Hon. Ed- 
ward H. Stiles. 



66 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

Although of apparently delicate physical powers, he possessed 
a wonderful endurance and tenacity of life, and retained his mental 
powers unimpaired to the last hour of his life. He advanced to the 
"seventh age" without manifesting its usual childishness. He was 
an incessant reader, and up to within two days of his death gleaned 
from the newspapers the general news of the day, which he compre- 
hended and retained with clearness and memory most extraordinary. 
Although suffering from difficulty of breathing, and conscious of ap- 
proaching dissolution, he talked with perfect clearness to within five 
minutes of his death. 

His life was like his nature — unassuming and unobtrusive. 
Though of a nervous temperament, and a somewhat passionate dispo- 
sition, he could look back over his life and enjoy the reflection that 
he had not by any unwarranted act of his, a single enemy Uving or 
dead. The soul of honor, he bitterly despised the ingrate; generous 
and forgiving in his disposition, he cherished settled resentment 
against no one, and for the happiness of his friends he was ever ready 
to sacrifice his own. With a heart 88 tender as a child's, he was 
easily moved to compassion, and his moments of highest passion 
were wrought by indignation over the wrongs of others. He was 
ever ready to drop a tear for human misery, and give a word of cheer 
to those with hea\'y burdens. 

Bending under the w^eight of years, coeval with the government 
itself — living through every administration from that of George Wash- 
ington to the present — looking back over a spotless and inoffensive life, 
he approached death **like one who wraps the drapery of his conch 
about him and lies down to pleasant dreams." 

Mrs. Mary P. (Holcomb) Stiles died at the residence of her 
son in Ottumwa, Iowa, Dec. 27th, 1872, aged 76 years. "The de- 
ceased was bom, as were her ancestors for several generations, in 
Granby, Connecticut, and was the daughter of Seth Holcomb, Esq., 
whose only sister, Susanna, a woman of great character, was the 
mother of those distinguished lawyers and statesmen. Judge OUver 
Forward, of Buffalo, N. Y. ; Walter Forward, a distinguished lawyer, 
of Pittsburg, Pa., and Secretary of the U. S. Treasury under President 
Harrison; and Chauncey Forward, of Somerset Co., Pa., a leading 
lawyer and member of Congress, and whose daughter (still living) 
became the wife of the late Jeremiah Black, President Buchanan's 
famous Secretary of State. The deceased was early in life united to 



THE COHHECTICUT FAUILY, 67 

her late husband, with whom she lived under the most pleas€ait 
relations for a period of fifty years, and after whose death she con- 
tinued to decline till the time of her decease. For the most of this 
period they resided in Connecticut until 1860, when, after seeing three 
children one after another consigned to the grave, they consented to 
leave the old homestead and their friends and relatives in order that 
they might spend the remainder of their days with their son and only 
remaining child in this city. She was a great reader and deep thinker, 
and though of a quiet and unostentatious character, intuition was 
very large, and she was a keen observer and judge of persons and mo- 
tives. These characteristics were combined with a strong resolution 
and masculine common sense. In July, 1872, she, in connection with 
her son's family, paid a visit to Connecticut, and while her declining 
health seriously interfered with her enjoyment, she was nevertheless 
enabled to see and bid adieu to many of the surviving friends of 
earlier years, the scenes of her youth and the graves of her children 
and friends. Betuming in September, she continued gradually to 
decline, cheered by a Christian resignation and hope that she should 
find a resting place where pain and sorrow have no entrance and where 
friends shall never pari" — Ottumwa {loioa) Daily Courier. 

Children : 

176. L Caroline G.,^ bom Sept. 1, 1823; died, unmarried, May 

1, 1831. 

177. n. Catherine M.,^ bom Dec. 1, 1825; m. Aaron Pinney, 

Sept 20, 1846. Issue: 

178 i. Louisa,' b. Feb. 22, 1847; d. Feb. 16, 1867. 

179 ii. Aabom,> b. Deo. 12, 1849; died onmarried. 

180 iii Cathebinx.0 

Mrs. Catharine (Stiles) Pinney died Nov. 3, 1853. 

181. nL Caroline G.,® bom March 19, 1831; died unmarried, 

Oct. 9, 1851. 

182. IV. Edward H.,» bom Oct 8, 1836; m. Emma M. Vemon. 

Family 28. 



68 THE STILES GEMEALOGY, 

FAMILY 21. 

183. Jarvis^ Stiles, [137] {Donis,^ Lieut, Gid^n,^ JomtJt,* 
Henry^ SgL Henry^ John,^) bom at Southwick, Mass., Nov. 15,^ 
1807; married, Nov. 15, 1827,'* Fanay (daughter of Edmund) Ely, 
bom at West Springfield, Mass., Dec. 14, 1798. 

In 1824 he was a subscribar for building a Congregational 
Church in Southwick. In 1846 was liable to do military duty. 

Children (born at West fields Mass,): 

184 I. James,^ bom Aug. 26, 1828, at Granby, Conn. ; maiTied 
Jan. 8, 1862, Lucy M. (daughter of James and Lydia 
M.t Co well) Sikes, Ijorn at Russell, Mass., May 2, 
1835. Resides (1886) Westfield, Mass. No issue. 

185. n. Mauy Frances,^ bom July 24, 1832, at Gnmby, Conn.; 

d. April 12, 1839, at Southwick, Mass. 

186. m. Edward Ely,^ bom July 4, 1834, at Canton, Conn., and 

died there Dec. 15, 1835. 

187. IV. Edmund Ely,« bom June 12, 183(5, at Canton, Comi.; 

married Elniira C. Kendall. Family 29. 

188. V. Charles Henry,^ bom June 3, 1839, at Southwick, 

Mass.; maiTied Mary E. Tilliston. Family 30. 

FAMn.Y 22. 

189. Gideon Anson' Stiles, [145] {Gideon,^ Lieut, Gideon,^ 
Jonah, ^ Henry ^ Sgt. Henry ^ John,^) bom at Southwick, Mass., Feb. 
9, 1819; married (1) Mary Elizabeth Gibbs, of Harpersfield, N. Y., 
Dec. 31, 1852, who died Sept. 5, 1879, ae. 51. He married (2) in S., 
Feb. 19, 1882, Elvira (Bills) Easton, b. at S. about 1823, dau. of Cyrus 
and Charlotte Bills, of Southwick. He was Selectman, May 12, 
1859. Resides (1885) at Southwick, Mass. Is a farmer. 

* "The IntentlODB of marriage between Jarvls SUl«i, of Soutbwick, and Fanny Ely, of 
Weslfleld, were entered in this ofSoe on the 27th day of Sept., 1827, and notification thereof In 
writing was posted ui>on the Congo. Meeting-house in the said Westfield on the Sunday follow- 
ing, to wit., 30th day of Sept., 1827; certificate issued Oct. 6, 1827."— f WejitfUid Record*.) 

t WftlJUUl Rfcordi say ** Nancy M." 



THE COMMECTICUT FkMILY. 69 

Children {born at Soiiihwick, Mass,): 

190. I. Lucy Ella,* bom Oct. 30, 1853; died Feb. 11, 1875. 

191. n. Frank,« bom Nov. 24, 1855; died Feb. 23, 1857. 

192. IIL Helen Louisa,* bom March 27, 1858; she was a teacher; 

manied Nov. 27, 1884, Frank J. (son of Edward 
and Eliza D.) Demondt a native of Montague, Mass. 
Besides (1885) North Adams, Mass. 

193. IV. Sabah C.,« bom May 28, 1860. Teacher. Resides 

(1885) in Springfield, Mass. 

194. V. Ubeoti G.,« bom Dec. 29,^864. Besides (1885) in 

Olean, N. T. 

195. VI. HowAKD W.,* bom Oct. 16, 1866. Besides (1885) in 

Portville, N. Y. 

FAMILY 23. 

196. Jonah* Stiles, [146] {Gideon,^ Lieuf. Gideon,'' Jonah* 
Henry, ^ Sgt. Henry y^ John,^) bom March 17, 1835; married, Feb. 9, 
1870, in Northampton, Mass., Mary Ann (daughter of Wilson and 
EUzal)eth Adair) Kellogg, who was bom at East Granby, Conn., 
March 12, 1840. 

Mr. Stiles was enrolled, Aug. 26, 1862, at Springfield, Mass., in 
Co. E, 46th Beg. Mass. Vol.; term of service expired July 29, 1863; 
re-enlisted July 7, 1864, m Co. H, 42d Iteg. Mass. Vol.; made Cor- 
poral July 16; discharged Nov. 11, 1864, at Beadville, Mass. He is 
at present, and for seven or eight years past has been, in charge of 
the steam power machinery of the laundry of the State Asylum for 
the Insane, at Middletown, Conn. 

Children {horn at Springfield, Mass) : 

197. I. Maky ELiZABETH,»bom Nov. 10, 1871; d. Aug. 25, 1872. 

198. n. Mary Elizabeth,^ bom April 12, 1873; d. Jan. 6, 1875. 

199. III. ,« bom and died June 25, 1875. 



70 'THE STILES OEHEALOOY, 

FAMILY 24 

200. Kilbourn' Stiles, [157] {Shubad,' Shvbaelf Lietd. 
Gideon,^ Jonah,^ Henry, ^ Sgt. Henry, ^ John^) bom Dec. 17, 1809; 
married Olivia Bush, Oct. 15, 1835. 

He was liable to do military duty in 1846, '54 and 57. 

Mr. Kilboum StUes died at Westfield, Mass., Oct 8,* 1882, 
aged 73. 

Children {bom in Southtoick, Mass.): 

201. L Albert V.,* bom , 1839; died Oct 11, 1840. 

202. II. ViCTOMA A.,* bom ; married, in 8., Alonzo J. 

(son of James B. and Hannah) Taylor, Jan. 25, 
1853. 

203. IIL Elvira,* . "Alvira C." died April 6, 1869.— 

{Westfield Rec.) » 

204. IV. Isadora,* bom July 1, 1846; married Harry Randall, 

Jan. 7, 1874.t 

FAMILY 25. 

205. Milton^ Stiles, [158] /S'Aw/>ae/,'5/iwfta€Z,« Lieut, Gideon,^ 
Jonah,* Henry, ^ Sgt. Henry, ^ John,^) bom May 25, 1813; married, De- 
cember, 1840; Maiy Elizabeth (daughter of Shubael and Mary 
Hosmer) Porter, of Guilford, Medina Co., Ohio. 

Mr. Milton Stiles died Aug. 3, 1882. J His widow is residing 
(1885) in Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Children {bam in Ouilford, Medina Co., Ohio): 

206. I. Herbert Linwood,* bom May 22, 1842; married Mary 

Loomis Porter. Family 31. 

207. n. James Porter,* bom July 2, 1844; unmarried. Is in 

employ of Domestic Sewing Machine Co., 22 Clin- 
ton Place, N. r. 



* WestfiOd Record* say *• 18." 
t WettJUld Record* say " 10." 
X Soutkwick Town Record* give ** July 81." 




.^ 



Jiu- >/ -'. f. . 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 71 

FAMILY 26. 

208. Curtis Henry' Stiles, [166] {Henry,' Dorus,' Lieut 
Gideon,^ Jonah,* Henry, ^ Sgt Henry ^^ John,^ ) bora Sept. 15, 1822; 
married Mary Gaylord, Nov. 26, 1846. He was a cigar maker 
and farmer. 

Mr. Curtis H. Stiles died Nov. 8, 1856, ae. 34. His widow 
married. Dee. 13, 1866, Oliver Parsons Olds, and died May 11, 
1867. 

Children [born at Feeding Hills, Mass,): 

209. I. Frank Henry,^ born Sept. 11, 1847; married March 

30, 1870, Sara Louise, (daughter of Joseph and 
Roxanna Marble) Sherer, who was born in New 
Salem, Mass , March 13, 1850; no issue. He is 
(1885) a commercial traveler. Resides, Globe 
Hotel, Syracuse, N. T. 

210. IL Gilbert Gaylord,* born May 22, 1850; married Nancy 

G. Smith. Family 32. 

211. in. Norman,* born May 6, 1852; unmarried; in employ of 

the Stiles & Parker Press Co., Middle town. Conn. 

212. IV. Mary Annette,* born Feb. 23, 1855. Resided (1885) 

at Charlestown, Mass. Deceased before 1895. 



FAMILY 27. 

213. Norman C Stiles, [173] (Henry,"* Doras,' LienL 
Gideon,^ Jonah,* Henry, ^ Sgt, Heniry,^ John,^ ) was born at Feedinf^ 
Hills, a village of Agawam, Mass., June 18, 1834. His father had 
a farm, raised tobacco and also manufactured whip-lashes, an 
important branch of industry at that time, in Western Massa- 



72 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

chusetts. Business misfortunes, however, overtook him and lim- 
ited to some extent his plans for the education of his children — 
though they obtained what' is termed "a good common-school 
education." Young Norman, the sixth child in this family, early 
developed a marked degree of inventive and mechanical ability. 
One of his earliest essays in this direction was upon an unused 
clock which fell in his way when he was but ten years old. Some 
defect in its works having stopped it, it had been thrown aside 
as worthless ; but the boy's curiosity was aroused, his careful 
examination revealed the nature of the trouble, which he reme- 
died, and with comparative ease restored the timepiece to good 
running order. When he was but twelve years old, he built an 
ell to his father's house, doing all the work of designing, carpen- 
tering, painting, etc., quite unaided and with perfect success. 
Among his other boyish constructions, may also be mentioned a 
miniature steam-engine, a miniature fire-engine and a violin, all 
marvels of accuracy and finish, although made with the simplest 
tools. 

In 1850, when sixteen years old, he engaged, at Meriden, 
Conn., in the manufacture of tin- ware, at which he was soon able 
to earn the highest of wages ; but it offered no sufficient oppor- 
tunity for the development of his mechanical tastes; and so he 
took a position in the American Machine Works, at Springfield, 
Mass., where he remained until he was of age, fully mastering 
every detail of the machinist's art. After a brief service with a 
Mr. Osgood, contractor for the Holyoke Machine Co., he went 
to Meriden and entered the employ of Snow, Brooks & Co., (now 
Parker Bros. & Co.), where he was employed in making dies and 
other fine work, requiring great skill and ingenuity. While here, 
he made his first invention, a sash-fastener for car windows, 
which, though effective, did not come into general use, owing to 
the failure of the party to whom the patent was sold. He en- 
tered subsequently the employ of Messrs. Edward Miller & Co., 
at Meriden, with whom he remained until 1857, when, having 
saved a little money, he determined upon independent effort. 



THE COMNECTIOUT FAMILY, 73 

He began by hiring bench-room from Mr. B. S. Stedman, a prac- 
tical machinist; at Meriden, and soon afterwards he bought out 
his stock and tools. In 1860 he invented a toe-and-instep 
stretcher, which immediately found favor with the boot and shoe 
manufacturers, and had a great success. In 1862, and in the midst 
of a great pressure of business, his factory was destroyed by fire; 
involving a heavy loss, from which, however, his energy and 
perseverance soon enabled him to recover. He soon resumed 
business, taking in as a special partner Mr. Alden Clark, who re- 
tired shortly afterwards, in favor of his nephew, Mr. George L. 
Clark, who continued in association with Mr. Stiles until 1867, 
when the partnership was dissolved. The business by this time 
had acquired proportions which rendered additional facilities im- 
perative, and Mr. Stiles transferred the works to Middletown, 
Conn., in 1867, where they remained twenty-five years, ranking 
among the most i mportant industries in the State. 

One of Mr. Stiles' principal inventions — indeed, the one upon 
which his chief fame as an inventor may be said to rest — is his 
stamping and punching machine. To this machine, perfected 
by him and first brought forward in 1864, he added several val- 
uable improvements previous to establishing his business at 
Middletown, among them being what is known technically as an 
** eccentric adjustment," which he patented in 1864. This "ad- 
justment" gave his machine a decided advantage over all other 
punching machines then in use, an advantage which it still re- 
tains. Other manufacturers were not slow to perceive its value, 
and Messrs. Parker Brothers, of Meriden, manufacturers of a 
rival punching machine, known as "The Fowler Press," adopted 
Mr. Stiles' invention. Mr. Stiles claimed an infringement of his 
patent, and took the matter at once into court, and a long and 
expensive litigation followed. A compromise was finally reached 
by the consolidation of both firms, the new organization taking 
the name of The Stiles & Parker Press Company. The busi- 
ness of this company was practically controlled by Mr. Stiles, 
who was the largest owner of the stock, and who filled the dual 



74 THE STILES GENEALOGY, 

position of Treasurer and General Manager; his second son, Mr. 
Edmund S. Stiles, being the Secretary and Superintendent. 
Besides the presses named, the company manufactured dies, 
drop-hammers, and general sheet-metal tools; also designed and 
constructed to order special machinery of every kind. As the 
directing and responsible head of the business, Mr. Stiles dis- 
played high intelligence, rare executive ability, and unflagging 
energy, which so promoted the continuous and rapid growth 
of the business, as to make it desirable, in 1885, to establish a 
branch factory and office in the City of New York, which was 
maintained there until 1890, at which time Mr. Stiles received 
from the E. W. Bliss Co., one of his competitors, of Brooklyn, 
N. Y., a very flattering offer for the business which his skill 
and industry had established. A sale was effected, but he de- 
clined tlieir offer of a position with them for five years at a 
salary of $7,500 per year, preferring to retire from active par- 
ticipation in the business. His son, Edmund S. Stiles, went with 
the Bliss Co. as Superintendent, which position he had held 
previous to the transfer. 

In 1873, Mr. Stiles was appointed a State Commissioner 
from Connecticut to the Vienna Exposition, an honor which he 
was compelled to decline because he was an exhibitor of his 
own machines and inventions at that Exhibition. 

At the International Centennial Exposition, held inPhiladel- 
phia, in 1876, his acknowledged ability as an inventor, engineer 
and expert was again recognized by his official appointment as a 
member of the Advisory Committee to the Board of Commission- 
ers, and his services in this capacity gave high satisfaction both 
at home and abroad. At the International Exhibition at Paris, 
in 1889, Mr. Stiles' invention was awarded the Gold Medal of 
Honor, the highest prize conferred. By steady advances the 
Stiles presses have made their way to every quarter of the globe, 
and are now in use in the navy yards and armories of the United 
States, as well as in those of Germany, Austria, Sweden, Turkey, 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 74a 

Egypt, Mexico, and France. Other manufactures of the com- 
pany have likewise secured a large foreign as well as domestic 
market. For some years Mr. Stiles has been a member and one 
of the seven directors of the United States Patent Association, 
including upon its roll the examiners in the Government Patent 
Office, solicitors of patents, and inventors. He is also a member 
of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, of the Engi- 
neers' Club, of Cyrene Commandery, Knights Templar; of the 
(P. E.) Church of the Holy Trinity, and charter member of the 
Church Club of the Diocese of Connecticut. He has interested 
himself to some extent in the public affairs of Middle town, and 
has served two years in its Board of Aldermen. 

Mr. Norman C. Stiles married Sarah M. (daughter of Hen- 
ry and Lucy) Smith, of Middletown, Conn., March 23, 1864; and 
together they occupy a leading place, and have a record of kindly 
and unostentatious usefulness which endears them to a large 
circle in the social life of the city. 

Ghildrtn: 

214. I. Henry Kanney,* born July 7, 1865; graduated M. D., 

Medical Department of Tale University, 1888; 
appointed Nov., 1892, to surgeoncy in U. S. A.; 
married Lovina Agnes (daughter of Fisk and 
Cynthia Towne) Brainard, June 16, 1891. 

215. 11. Edmund Smith,® born March 12, 1867; married 

Nov. 23, 1893, Monterey Watson (dau. of Addison 
Townsend) Randall, of Baltimore, Md., whose 
widow married (2) Dr. James Davidson Igle- 
hart, of Baltimore. Resides in Brooklyn, N. 
Y. Issue: Norman Camp, born at Brooklyn, 
N. Y., Sept. 2, 1894. 

216. III. Millie Butler,' born January 9, 1869; married 

Nov. 1, 1894, John Smith Baird, of Watertown, 

N. Y. 



746 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 



FAMILY 28. 



217. Hon. Edward Holcomb' Stiles, [182] {Eliakim: 

Doni8,^ Lieut, Gideon,^ Jonah,* Henry, ^ Sgt Henry ^ John,^ ) born at 
Granby, Conn., Oct. 8, 1836, was partially prepared for college, 
but, foreseeing that a collegiate education would dr^w too heav- 
ily upon the modest competence on which his parents, in their 
old age, might have to rely, he resolved to relinquish his cher- 
ished plans, and strike out for himself. Accordingly, in Decem- 
ber, 1856, being then twenty years of age, he turned his face 
westward, and became a resident of Ottumwa, Wapello County, 
Iowa, then amere hamlet, reached only by the Western stage coach, 
but now boasting a population of 12,000 and communicating with 
" the rest of the world" by no less than five lines of railroad. 
The **New Purchase," as it was then called, of the Sacs and 
Foxes, had only been made and the country opened for settle- 
ment by the whites thirteen years before, in 1843. During his 
first winter there (1856) Mr. Stiles taught school; and having, 
before coming West, commenced the study of law, he resumed 
it, in the Spring of 1857, in the office of Col. S. W. Summers, 
then a leading lawyer of Ottumwa. In December of the same 
year he was admitted to the bar; immediately formed a partner- 
ship with his preceptor, and soon found himself in the full tide 
of professional success. In 1858 he was chosen a member of the 
City Council, and in 1859, City Solicitor. A natural talent for 
public speaking, united with a disposition sufficiently impetuous, 
soon drew him into the heated political strife which finally cul- 
minated in the defeat of Douglas, the election of Lincoln, and 
the outbreak of the War of the Rebellion. In this active cam- 
paign, Mr. Stiles became somewhat conspicuous; like most of 
his forefathers, he had been a Democrat (not of the Calhoun- 
Breckenridge school) and believed in exhaustingevery expedient to 
avert the coming contest; and, though he had heartily espoused the 
cause of Hon. Stephen A. Douglas, yet, after the opening of the re- 
bellion he deemed it his duty to ally himself with the Republican 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 75 

party in its attempt to preserve the Union, and has ever since been 
an eam^t Eepublican. 

In January, 1861, at the first session of the Board of Super- 
visors of Wapello County, he was elected the Attorney of the Board, 
and a year later was re-elected. In January, 1864, despite the 
opposition of some local leaders, who distrusted him on account of his 
Democratic antecedents, he was selected by the Kepublicans of his 
county, as their candidate for the State Lepjislature. The county 
had always been overwhelmingly Democratic. Being but a short 
distance from the Missouri border and the scenes there enacted, and 
having been constantly exposed to guerilla invasion and annoyance, 
the political contest in this county was naturally a close and most 
exciting one. Mr. Stiles was finally elected by a small majority, 
and served with distinction upon the important standing commit- 
tees on Finance and on the Judiciary, as well as upon a notable 
special committee on a Prohibitory Liquor Law. At the expiration 
of his term in the House, in 1865, h^ was nominated to the Senate 
for a four years' term, and elected over his former law partner,. 
Ck)l. Summers, bein^ again prominent as a member of the Judiciary 
and Finance Committees, and of a Joint Committee of the Legisla- 
ture, on the Swamp Land Fund of the State. At the end of two 
years (1866) he resigned his seat, to accept the position of Reporter 
of decisions of the Supreme Court, an office which had just then 
been made elective, an innovation which had been strenuously op- 
posed by Mr. Stiles as imwise, but of which, by the nomination of 
the State Republican Convention, he thus became the first incum- 
bent The office was a lucrative one, was in the line of his pro- 
fession, and congenial to his tastes. It opened to him, also, a door 
to retire with good grace from the turmoil of active politics into- 
which he had been drawn during the war, and which had lost much 
of its interest to him. In October, 1870, he was re-elected to the 
same office, and at the end of his second term he positively declined 
re-nomination and retired. He thenceforth devoted himself closely to 
his profusion, having acquired a large and increasing practice. At the 
fall election of 1883, however, he was induced to accept the RepubUcan 
nomination for Congress in this District — a stronghold of Greenback- 
ers, who, with the Democrats, presented a fusion majority of 5,000 
to be overcome. It was a "forlorn hope" and Mr. Stiles was beaten; 



70 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

but he bad the satisfaction of knowing that he had reduced the 
fusion majority of tlie pre\ious year (5,000) to 241. 

Mr. Stiles hjis a fine, commanding i)resence, is a gentleman of wide 
culture, rare native abilities luid great energy of character. Even a 
strong political antagonist, in the face of his nomination, character- 
ized him as ** stiuiding at the head of the Ottumwa bar, the living ex- 
ponent of tnie republicanism, a standing menance to bossLsm, a rep- 
resentative man of the county. -^ * * The embodiment of liberal 
ideas, a bulwark against fanaticism. * * * It will be a decided 
honor to the Democnicy to l)ear the ci*odit of defeating such a man." * 

As R<»i>ort?r of the Supnnne Court, Mr. Stiles published six- 
teen volumes (Numl>ei*s 22 to 37, inclusive) of the ''Iowa Reports,"' 
which take high nuik' among the law reports of this country. 
Ilis clear, juialytical mind enabled him to seize upon the very 
l)oint decided by the Com't, and to present it in the headnotes, 
without being incuml)ered by any extraneous matter. Consequently 
his loicft Imports are standard all over the land, as the best of legal 
authority. In 1873, he prepared and published a new Iowa ** Digest," 
in two volumes, a work projected by Mr. Stiles' predecessor in the 
office of Eej)orter, who wiis early com])elled to relinquish its prepar- 
ation, in consequence of an important professional engagement in an- 
other Stiite. He has now in press Volume HI, of this "Digest," 
the three volumes b(»ing a complete digest of the "Iowa Reports," 
from the first cjise reported down to and including Volume XL VI. 
The " Digest," like his " RejK)rts,'' is a work of great merit, placing 
the bar of the State imder many obligatiims to him for the care, labor 
and fekill bestowed ui)on it. He is now (1880) engaged upon a 
Hinlory of the Bvmli and Bar of the State of loico, a work for which 
he is eminently qualified, and which will undoubtedly add largely 
to his reputjition. 

As a lawyer, ^Ir. Stiles is in the foremost rank and with 
a reputation which extends far . beyond the confines of his own 
County and State. His familiarity with the "Reports," acquired 
dniing the eight years he was Rei)ortt^r, and in the preparation of the 
three volums of his " Digest," enables him to be one of the best case 
lawyers; while his extensive and careful reading has given him an 
accurate knowledge of the ] rinci])les of the law. Careful and pains- 

* ottumwa Daily Dtim^crat, Sept. 18, 1H8;J. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 77- 

taking in the preparation of a case for trial or for arji^iment; if he hsis 
any fault, it is a peculiarity of his which often prompts hiin to regard 
his own side of the case as the weak one, growinj^ out of the fact 
that he studies with care everything that he can iniii^ie might be 
brought against him by his opponent; but, when once he hjis settled 
down to an opinion, it is with difficulty he is shaken in it. As an 
advociite, he is forcible, agreeable and persuasive; having considerable 
natural talent as an orator, his extensive refuling and practice of 
twenty years enable him to present his case either to the Court or 
jury cleaxly, and often with great force and ix)\ver. As a |x>litician, 
Mr. Stiles is an active worker, well known and justly esteemed by 
Ids party throughout the State. 

Mr. Stiles married, Sept. 19, 18G1, Emma M. Vernon, of Ches- 
ter Co., Pa., whose ancestry, of Quaker stock, were of William Penn's 
company of settlers of that State. 

Children {all born at Oitunuva, Lnva ) : 

218. I. Mary Holcomb,* bom July 28, 1802 ; cUed Nov. 29, 

1870. 

219. IL Eugenia Vernon,^ bom July 17, 1864; died March 21, 

1866. 

220. III. Bertha Vernon,' bom Aug. 23, 18()(>. 

221. IV. Edward Holcomr,* bom Jan. 15, 1870. 

222. V. Emma Vernon,' bom Feb. 13, 1875. 

223. VI. Maris Vernon,' bom March 29, 1879. 

FAMILY 29. 

224. Edmund Ely' Stiles, [l^^J (JamV Doru.%' Lieut, 
Gideon,'^ Jonah* Henry, ^ Sgt, Henry ;^ John,^ ) bom at Wastfield, Mass., 
June 12, 1836; married, at South Framiugham, Mass., July 15, 1868, 
Elmira Catliarine (daughter of Jiunes and CaroHne Partndge) Ken- 
dall, bora at Ipswich, Mass., Aug. 0, 1840. Is in the emjJoy of 
Joel Goldthwait <fe Co., 167 and 169 Washington Street, Boston. 
Kesidence (1886j Stonington, Conn. 



78 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

Children : 

225. I. Hubert Kendall,* bom at Cambridge, Mass., April U, 

1869. 

226. II. Percy Goldthwatte,* born at Newton ville, July 1, 

1875. 

FAMILY 30. 
227. Charles Henry' Stiles, [188] {Jawis,' Dorm,' Ueut 

Gideon,^ Jonah* Henry, ^ S(jf. Henry, ^ John,^) born at Westfield, 
Mass., June 3, 1839; married, Sept. 25, 1872, Mary Elizabeth (dau. 
of Everett Bloomfield and Mary Ann Pratt) Tillotson, bom July 30, 
1853, at Lenox, Mass. He is a farmer, at Westfield, Mass. 

Children (born at Westjield, Mass,): 

228. I. Henby,* bom Dec. 2, 1875. 

229. IL David,' bom April 22, 1876. 

230. III. Grace Mabel,' bora Aug. 22, 1877. 

FAMILY 31. 
231. Herbert Linwood' Stiles, [206] (J//«on,^ ShubneV 

ShubaeJ,^ Lieut, Gideon,^ Jonah,* Henry,* Sgt, Henry^^ John,^) \yom 
in Guilford, Medina Co., Ohio, May 22, 1842; married, Feb. 19, 
1869, Mary Looniis (daughter of Elijah and Mary Loomis) Porter, 
who died Oct. 28, 1882. Mr. Stiles is Inspector for the Douglass 
Axe Co., East Dou^^jlass, Miuss. Resides at East Douglass, Mass. 

Children (horn at Cleveland, Ohio): 

232. I. Anna Walton,*" born Jan. 8, 1870. 

233. II. Mary Loomis,*^ bom Nov. 16, 1872. 

234. III. Ellen Porter,*" born Nov. 23, 1874. 

FAMILY 32. 

235. Gilbert Gaylord' Stiles, [210] {Curtis H,,^ Henry: 
Dorus^ Lieut, Gideon,^ Jonah,* Henry ^ Sgt. Henry ^ John,^) born 
May 22, 1850, at Feeding Hills, Mass.; married, Dec. 23, 1874, 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 79 

Nancy Gilman (daughter of Daniel and Marion) Smith, who was 
bom in Leicester, Mass., May 18, 1855. His business is that of a 
die sinker, in the employ of the Moi^an Silver Plate Co., Boston, 
Mass. Residence (1885) 26 Prescott Street, Somerville, Mass. 

Chikiren : 

*23fi. I. Walter Gilbert,*^ bom in Meriden, Conn., June 29, 
1876. 

237. n. CuKTis Henry,'® bom in New Bedford, Mass., May 15, 

1881. 




Descendants of John' Stiles, the Emigrant, 

IN THE LUTE OF HIS SEOOITD SOU JOHN.* 
FAMILY 2. 

fi. John^ Stiles, [-^ iJohn,^) bom in Enghmd about 1633. 
Pi-es. Stiles, his f<ix3at-graiidson, gives in liis MS. Genealofjff, the fam- 
ily tradition, **that a woman and her child paid only a single jiassiige, 
but double if [the child were] weaned; and tho' John Stiles wa^^ old 
enough to wean wh(»n they came from England, 1034, yet his mother 
suckled him [during] the vovjige, and so gjiined his passage.'' 

Jolm Stiles, Jr., coming to man's estjite, st»ttled at Windsor, Conn, 
and seems to have Ikh^u a citizen of gooil character and repute among 
his townsmen. In KllO (June 5), before the Quart<^rly ('ourt at 
Hai-tford, we* find ** John Biss(»ll i)lt. cont. John Stiles defend^ in 
an Action of the Ciiso for Carraing piissengers over the river to the 
damma;;e of £2 10 shillings;'" th(i issue thereof thus i-ecorded. '*In 
the action l)e^ John IMssell pit. cont. John Stiles defend^ the jury find 
for the defen' costs of Courte.'' *^^ 

In a bix-list, takt^n in 1()75, for the puqK>se of raising a tax for 
the support of the Ilivulet Ferry, at Windsor, with a design of levy- 
in .5 it iipt)ri s:iuh pn*so:is and jiropjrfcy as would be moit bsnefite.l 
thereby, John Stiles is mentioned ns one of those owning "family, 
hoi-se and 4 oxen.^'t 

He married Dorcjus (daughter of Henry) Burt, of Springfield, 
Mass., Oct. 28, lOoS ( KJoT, at^cording to letter of R H. Bmnham, 
who says she was Ixmi in 163S). President Stiles' MS. GeneulcHjy 
records a ** tradition in the family, that the mother of Dorcas Burt, 
before she came over, was laid out for dead in England, put into the 
coffin; Init — at her fimoral, signs of life appeared, and she recovered, 
came to New England, s:»ttled at Springfield, and here in America hml 
nineteen children 1 t<»n of whom, at least, lived to have families) one 
of wliich was this Dorwis." 



♦ RfC. Particular CL, II., fol. 91, 92. t SUh'S' Hist. Anc. WituUor^ p. 62 and p. 6 of Suppl't. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 81« 

Mr. John^ Stiles died at Windsor, Conn., Dec. 8, 1683, 8B. about 
50. His widow probably married again, as a "Darkis" Stiles married 
John Shethar, at Killingworth, Conn., Jan. 7, 1712-13. 

Children: 

7. Sarah,^ bom at Springfield, Mass., Sept. 12, 1661;* married 

(1) Ephraim Bancroft, of Windsor, Ci, May 5, 1681. 
He died 1727, ». 66. She m. (2) Thomas Phillips. 
Issue {all by Bancroft): 

8. L Ephraim,* b. Feb. 8, 1682. f—^rimfsor Hist, 327. 

9. ii. John,* b. Feb. 8, 1685; d. infant 

10. iil Sarah,* b. Feb. 26, 1686-7; m. Thomas Phelps, of 

Windsor, (probably Thomas,* p. 743, Hist, of Wind- 
sor, Ct.); d. 1727, ae. cir. 40. J 



* "Sarah Stiles, dau. of John Stiles, born the 12 of ye 7 mon. 1661."— .V. E. Gen. RegigUr, 
XTlil.. 146. 

t BPHBAiic Bancroft settled at Windsor, and when an old bachelor married Frances 
Phelps, abi. 1715, by whom he had (1) Sarah; (2) Benjamin, both unraaiTled In 1764; (3) Ephraim, 
Jr., llTlDg 1764, fe. 82; (4) haac\ (5} Hannah, d. maiden 1757, ce 34; (6) Ruth, d. Inf. 

Epbbaim, Jb. (3) settled at W. ; m. Esther Qleason; abt. 1762, removed to Torrlngton. Issue, 
(I) Trlpbeua. b. Aug. 10, 1740; abu 1760, m. Samuel Pease, of Enfield; had Abiel (Pease), b. May 
27. 1761; (2) Alice, b. Mar. 4, 1742; ob. 1750 aet. 8; (3) Esther, b. 1744; (4) Ruth, b. 1746; (5) Ephraim, 
Ob. July 6. 1730. aet, 1^, Inf ; (6) Ephraim, b. Feb. 24, 1751; (7) N adlah, b. Dec., 1753; (8) Oliver, 
b. July, 1757. 

Isaac (4) m. Abigail Eggleston, abt. 1740; settled at upper Windsor. Issue, (1) Isaac, b. 
1741: (21 Abigail; (3) Eunice; (4) Jerusha: (5) Lois; (6) Hannah.— Foregoing from Prtt. Stiles' M.SS.) 

t Children of Thomas phetpt and Sarah Bancroft : (1) Thomas, b. abt. 1712, or sooner; (2) Ben- 
jamin, a bachelor; (3) Noa >lah; (4)Hannah,d. 1756 e. cir. 45; (6) Mindwell, b. about 1720; d. 1760; 
aet. 40; (6) Ly ia, b. ctr. 1722; d. 1760, aet. 38; (7) Sarah, d. about 1750, rather 1754; (8) Margaret, 
d without issue. 

Thovas (1) m. Watson. Issue, (1) Sarah b. cir. 1742; m. 1763, Hezekiah Adams of Syms- 

bury, cir. 1763, whose first wife was Lydia Phelps, her father's sister; (2) Thomas; (3) Margaret; 
(4) Lots: (5) Hannah: (6) Job; (7) Mary. 

Noadiah (3)m. Case; Issue, (1) Shubael, b. cir. 1740, ob. 1761, aet. 21, bachelor; (2) 

Noadiah, b. cir. 1743. 

Hankah (4) m. Cornelius Phelps, and d. 1766, aet. 40 cir. Is ue, (1) Cornelius, b. cir. 1745, 
ob. inf. ; (2) Hannah ; (3) Cornelius. 

Mindwell. (6) m. Jona. Adams; d. 1760, aet. cir. 40; Issue (1) Phebe, b. 1740; (2) Rachel; (3) 
Mercy; (4) Sarah, d. young; (5) Trlphene, d. young; {6—8\ two sons and a dau., all d. inf. 

Ltdia (6) m. Hesekiah Adamt; d. 1760, aet cir. 38. Issue, (1) Lydia; (2) Dorcas; (3) Luclna; 
(4) twin SODS, ob. inf. 

Sabah (7) m. Timo. Jfo«e«, of Symsbury. Issue, (1) 7Vmo<Ay, b. 1731; (2) Sarah; m. Isaac 
Orlmes had a son and dau.; (3) Aaron; (4) Elisha: (6) Vlab, a dau. b. cir. 1743; m. Ellsha 
Grlm« 1763. »o. 20; had Elisha, b. cir. 1763; (6^ Martin; (7) Kezla; (8) Dorcas; (9) Lydia. b. 1751 
dr. 

Timothy Mobes, (1) m. ,Humphrey. Istw, (1) Timothy, ob. dr. 1758; (2) Viah, a 

dau. ; (3) Sarah ; 4) Timothy. 

Aabon Moses, (3) m. Seymour: had a son k two daus. 

Elisha MoseA, (4) m. Humphrey ; bad son k a dau. (Foregoing from Pre*. Stiks' MSS.) 



82 THE STILES GEHEMLOGY. 

11. iv. BxNJAMiN,4 b. May 10, 1694; drowned Mardh 29, 1716, 

le. 21. 

12. ▼. John,* b. Dec 19, 1690; m. Rachel* (dan. of Henry* StUes). 

Rachel, the only issne of this miirriagf, died an in- 
fant -(Prw. Sma' MS.) See No. 26, p. 47. 

13. Ti Nathaniel,* b. 1698 ; (living 1764) ; m. (1) Dorothy Phelps, 

by whom he had Biary^ (Bancroft), who fet. 25, Jan- 
1754.*; m. (2) Esther Gillett, by whom he had two 
sons and two daughters, all still-bortL—^ Pres. Stiles' 
MSS. 

14. vii. DANiKL,*b. July, 1701. f (living 1764). 

15. viii. Thomas,* b. Dec. 14, 1703; (living 1764). J 

Mrs. Sarah (Stiles) Bancroft, alias Phillips, died 1727. 

16. IL Hannah,' born at Wmdsor, Conn., March 23, 1664-5, 

(only 8f months before her brother John — Pres. 
SiileiP MSS.): married Samuel Bliss, of Springfield, 
Mass., Jan. 21, 1687.** Issue: 

17. i. Hannah,* b. May 1, 1689. ft 

18. a Sabah,* b. July 6, 1692; died m, 15. 

19. iii. Ltdia,* b. Nov. 24, 1695. JJ 



* This Mary B&aoroft m. David Atte»; died In childbed, leaving Nathaniel. (Prea. SUles' 
MSS. 1764.) 

t July 16. 1700.— (SUlee' Ancient Windtor, p. 527). 

t THOMAS Bancboft. seUled at Windsor, Ct., m. Mercy Thompson, Jan. 18, 1738. Issue, (1> 
Sarah, b Dec. 1739; (2) John, b. 1782; (8) Thomas, b. Oct. 1781— died in the war, 1768 s Bachelor: 
(4) Edward, b. July, 1737; (6) Abel, b Ju y 25, 1740; (6) Ann, b. OOt. 1744; (7) Nathaniel, b. OCL 
1748. 

Sabah (1) m. Jacob MwueU, of Windsor, in Jan. 1751. Issue, (1) Silas, b. June 2 1761. ob. 1753. 
aet. 2; (2) dau., b. Mar. 16, 1753, ob. 1753, aet. 1 day; (8) Sarah, b. Apl. 28, 1754; (4) EUis, (dau.) b. 
March 12, 1756; (5) SUas. b. Mar. 27, 1758; (6) Abl«aU. b. Oct. 15. 1760; (7) Eunice, b. Apl. 30. 
1763. 

John (2), settled at Windsor. Ot. ; m. Ann Phelps. Issue, (1) Anns, b. Oct. 22, 1762.— (rA« 
Foregoing fnm Pre*. StOa' MSS., 1764). 

** Springfield (Mata.) Bee. say Jan. 1. 1686-7, and call him "Samuel BUss, 8rd." 

tt Hannah Blisb m. Joseph Warrener, of Springfield, Mass. Issue. (1) Joseph, d. Int. ; (2) 
Hannah, d. ab. 7; (3) Joi^h; (4) HannaK; (5) Lydia. d. cir. 1759. fid. olr. 28; (6) Sarah, unmarried 
in 1764. 

Joseph Wabbeneb 18} m. Sarah Howard, cir. 1748. Issue. (1) Joseph, b. 1760; (2) WUUam; 
<3) Natkm; (4) Lydia, (5) dau., stUlbom; (6) son sllUbom: (7) dau., d. Int. as. 1 yr. 

Hannah Wabbeneb '(4) m. Dr. Porter of Hadley. or Hampton, Mass.. abt. 1741; had 4 child., 
by 1764— one of whom was named Hezeklah. 

XX Lydia Bliss m. Daniel IngersoU, had Sarah; m. (2) Nathan Q>lUn», and had two 1 
twins) d. inf.— (Pre*. SUlet' MSS,) 



THE COMMECTICUT FMMILY. 83 

20. iv. Samtjibl,^ b. March 29, 1701.* 

Mrs. Hannah Bliss died Dec, 1704.— (Pre«. Sines' 

MSB.) 

21. nr. JoHN^ bom at Windsor, Ck)mL, Dec. 10, 1665; married 

(1) Ruth Banci-oft; m. (2) Sarah Riimrill. Fam- 
ily 3. 

22. IV. Ephraim,^ married Abigail Neal. Family 4. 

23. V. Thomas,' ''Settled, I think, in Windsor, and m. Bethiah 

Hanmer, from Scituate, near Boston, or in the Old 
Colony of Plymouth; died about 1740, or '45, se. 67; 
no issue."— (P'rc5. Stiles' MSS.)f 

FAMILY 3. 

24. Mr. John' Stiles, [21] {John,^ John,') bom Dec 10, 
1665; settled at Windsor, Conn. He married (1) Euth Bancroft,! 
dau of Samuel, of Westfield, Mass., who died in childbed, 1714; m. 
(2) Widow Sarah Kumrill, who died about 1743, by whom he had 
no children. After her death, he left Windsor, and lived the greater 
part of his remaining years with his son, Rev. Isaac Stiles, at North 
Haven,** where he died. May 20, 1753,tt ae. 88 years. 

The church records of Eev. Timothy Edwards, first pastor of 
the First Church of East Windsor, Conn., give evidence that John 
Stiles was an actual settler (and the first of the name) on the east 
side of the Great River — then known as "Windsor Farmos" — prob- 
ably in 1699 or 1700. 

' * Samuel Bliss settted in Springfield. Maes.; m. (1) Elisabeth Ohapln, dr. 1723; had (1) 
XaOkan; (2) Elisabeth; (3) Hannah; (4) Samuel, d. dr. 4^^ yrs.; (5) Samuel, d. dr. 3^; (6) 
Sarah, d. inf., 1745; m. (2) Silence HltdioodL; had (7) Samuel, b. 1754; (8) Sarah, b. 1756; (9; Jus- 
tin, b. 17«2.— <Pr«. StOes' MSS.) 

Matblan Bliss settled at Springfield, Mass,; m. Abigail Bc^rt, (ir. 1782; had Chloe, b. 1783, 
{Pre$. StiUt' MSS.) 

t In Pres. Stiles' MS. Oenealogg, at this point, occurs the following note : ** Here ends the 
Second Oeneratiou consisting of thirty one Souls of which Six died in Infancy. Total of this 
Generation Thirty one Souls, being Six times the number of the first" 

t " Being left an orphan at an early age, was given to Mr. Fowler, of Westfield to bring up. 
When of age she lived at Bev. Mr. Glover's, in Springfield, and was in the fortified house when 
it was beeieged by the Indians in 1676 *'^Prtt. StiUt* MS. Oenealogy. She was among the 
members in full communion belonging to "ye 2d. Church of Christ in Windsor," [ue. the first 
Church in East Wlndtor], under date of 1700.~Stilee HUt. Ancient Windsor, p. 870. 

** Memorandum by Pres. Stiles', made when a boy, "Feb. 11, 1743-4, Grandfather Stiles came 
down," i. e. to North Haven. 

tt Memorandum made by Pres. Stiles. 



84 THE ST/LBS G£i/£MLOGi^, 

Pres. Stiles {MS. Itinerary, vol. v., Yale College Library) says: 
"Osbom, Bissell and Fitch, three first settlers of East Windsor. 
Osbom owned thi'ee miles long and a half [mile] in width on Con- 
necticut River. Grandfather Jno. Stiles among first and with Os- 
bom. Osbom first above Scantic Biver, Bissell below, and Fitch at 
South end." 

His grandson, the President, thus describes him; "my Grand- 
father was a small man short of stature & rather lean than fat; an 
honest man, tho' of an ordinaiy capacity & understanding — a plain 
Farmer, naturaUy rather dull and cloudy make; his passions quick 
tho' not often disturbed — at tunes melancholy tho' often social. 
Tho' he had little evil about him, yet he had nothing extraor- 
dinary good. Had no ambition to l)e distinguished l)eyond a 
very small sphere. And least of all had he anything Enter- 
prising in his Make. Not very active nor very Indolent; if he 
could in Summer lay up for Winter so as to feed his nmnerous 
Family, he sought no more. He took no pains to acquire an Estate, 
having land eno' to raise provision for the support of his Family. 

The Family of Bancroft [his wife's] are of a brisk, smart, quick, 
sensible & lively cast. Grandmother communicated her family spirit 
to all his children, but to none in so high a degree as to her son my 
Father, the Rev. Isaac Stiles, & perhaps her daughter Ruth. In 
general in all the children there was a manifest Superiority of Mind 
to Grandfather's. They were all possessed of Sensibility, Spirit, 
Quickness & Judgement far superior to their Father. One com- 
mon Infirmity inseparably attended the whole Family, Violence of 
Passions; not one but was quick & passionate to a high degree, 
which was of great Disadvantage especially to the two, via. my 
Father & Uncle Abel who were concerned in public Life. Boister- 
iousuess. Impetuosity and Ungovemableness of their passions, in- 
volved them in many Trials, w^. Men of more Meekness and Con- 
descenscion had avoided. 

With all these Infirmities of Passions about them, the Family 
was not addicted to Vices, but were honest, upright & faithful & 
had in their Dispositions a natiu-al Hospitality and Generosity 
which would have appeared more had not Indigence, or at least a 
wjmt of Affluence, prevented it. 

Not only my Grandfather, but the Family of Stiles in other 
Branches, in general, were a small Breed, low of Stature." * 

* Excepting Jonatban Stiles, knowQ as • Long Jonathan." 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY. 85 

Children {the first six probably horn at Old Windsory Conn,; the 
remainder in East Windsor) : 

25. I. Ruth/ bom Feb. 5, 1691; married Nathaniel Taylor, of 

Windsor, Ct., (not a relation of the Rev. Edward, of 
Westfield), May 31, 1711. He died May 6, 1736. 
She is characterized by her nephew, the President, as 
" a very worthy woman with a considerable Greatness 
of Mind tho' somewhat troubled with family Tem- 
per." She (as well as her brother, the Rev. Isaac) 
was of a taller stature than the rest of the family. 
She died 11 Dec, 1760. Issue: 

26. i. Ruth,' bom April 3, 1712.* 

27. iL Jerusha,* bom Mar. 15, 1713-14;t m. Solomon Doolittle, 

of Wallingford, Conn.;, had David« (Doolittle), b. 
1737, who m. Tapher Doolittle, 1764; settled in New 
Cheshire.— Pres. Siilea' MSS, 
Mrs. Jenwha (Taylor) Doolittle died Feb. 4, 1792. 

28. iii. Stephen,* d. inf. 

29. iv. Stephen,* b. 1718. J 

30. V. Elizabeth, b. Jan. 21, 1720.** 

31. vi. Abigail, «tt bom Feb. 10, 1721-2. JJ 

32. vii Mabgabbt,* b. Oct, 1725;*** m. EUjah Caylord.ttt 

33. viii. Keziah,* b. Oct 23, 1726; JJJ m. EUsha Munsell, of 

Enfield. 



• Bttth Taylor m. Simeon Pier$on, of Goshen. Issue, 1 Ruth. b. cif. 1739: m. Stephen 
Smith, of Goehen, clr. 1768, and had Naomi Smith) b. clr. 1759, Lovlsa: 2 Benjamin, b. 1741, 
Ob. at New York, Nov. 1792, on return from Conqu^t of flavanna,— bachelor; (3, Ezra, b. 1744: 
4) Moses, b. 1846.— (Pr«. Stile*' MSS.) 

t. sales' Hut. WimUor, p. 812. 

t Stephen TAtLOR, settled I think. In Torrlngton, Ct.: m. Sarah Hadlock. • Issue, (1) 
Jpruflha, b. clr. 1745; (2) John, b. 1749: (3) Stephen, b. 1752: (4) Nathaniel; (5) Mosfis; (6) Samuel. 
Mr. Stephen Taylor d. Oct. 10, 1760, ae 42.— (Pres. Stiles' MSS.) 

*• Elizabeth Taylor m. Obed Lamberton, of Windsor, Ct. Issue, (1) Obed, b. Nov. 2, 1747: 
(2) Nathaniel, b. Oct. 14, 1749, ob. 175,— aet. 1: (3) Kezla, b. July 31, 1751; (4) Nathaniel, b. Feb. 2, 
1743: (6) Elizabeth, b. Sept. 24, 1767; (6) Mabel, b. Nov. H, 1761; Moses, b. clr. 1765.— {Pre*. Stile*' 
MSS.) 

tt ABIGAIL m. Elijah Fitch, of Ashford, Conn. Issue, <1) Ebenezer, b. clr. 1746; (2) Kezla, b. 
1758: (3^ a son d. inf.: (4) a dau., d. Inf.— Pre*. SUle*' MSS.) 

n StUes' Hut. Wind*or. *** Ibid. ttt Ibid. 

tit Keziah m. Ellsha Munsell, of Enfield. Issue, (1) Hezekiah, ob. Inf. ; (2) Uezeklah, b. Jan. 
1753; (3) Joel, b. Aug. 3. 1755; (4) Naomi, b. Aprtl, i;58; (5) Bathsheba, b. Dec. 1760.— 'Pr«. Stile*' 
MS&} 



86 TH£ STILES QEUiALOQY. 

34. ix. MosBS,* d- in Wat, Nov. 29, 1756; unmarried. 

35. X. JoHN,> d. in War, Jan. 6, 1757, as. 24, unmarried. 

Mrs. Ruth (Stiles) Taylor d. at Torrington, Conn., 
Dec. 11, 1760, ». IQ.—Pres. Stiles' MSS. 

36. II. John,* b. Dec 17, 1692; married Mary Osbom, of Wind- 

sor, Conn. Faboly 5. 

37. III. Mabgaret,* bom Feb. 23, 1694-5; married Joseph Peck, 

of Windsor, Conn., who afterwards removed to Tol- 
land, Conn., and who died in Litchfield Comity, Feb. 
23,1714-15. Issue: 

38. i. Son, d. inf. 

39. ii. JoBBPH,** 

40 UL MABGABBT,*b. 1719-20. t 

41. iv. £BBNSzxB,ftb. 1721; m. cir. 1754, at Kent, Conn.; had 5 

or 6 children.— Pre*. St'des' MSS. 

42. V. RuTH,» b. 1723; m. Mr. Delano, of ToUand, Conn. ; had 

(only)8on Gideon" (Delano), b. 1742.— Pr<». Stiles* MSS. 

43. vi. Bekoni,» b. 1726; m. Mehitable Millard; settled at Corn- 

wall, Conn., and (1764) had 5 dan's.— P^w. Stiles' MSS. 

Mrs. Margaret (Stiles) Peck d. cir. 1726, ae. 32. 

44. IV. (Bev.) Isaac,* bom July 30, 1697; m. (1) Keziah Taylor; 

(2) Esther Hooker. Family 6. 



(twins; both died in infanc 



46. V. Son,* 

[ ' ' / ' icy. 

46. YL Daughter,* ' 



47. Vn. Ebenezer,* bom April 7, 1701;^ m. (1) Ann Drake; m. 
(2) Sarah Finney. Family 7. 



* JOSEPH PECK m. Elizabeth Abbot, settled at Tolland; d. mi ». dr. 22. Issue, John, b. 
Aug. 24, 1740; m. Rebecca Case, Dec. 3, 1761; bad dau., Sarah, b. Oct. 14, 1762.<.^/Ve«. StOa' 
MSS.) 

t MABOABirr PECK, m. Ichabod Stht^son, of Tolland. Issue, Stephen, b. cir. 1740; Sarah; 
Noah, Ob. 1782, e. cir. 17; Joseph; Ruth; Joel; Margaret; Lois; Gideon.— 'Pnet. StOa' MSS.) 

X Mentioned by Rev. Timothy Edwards, Pastor of First Ch. of East Windsor, as bapttaed by 
him in 1700.— [Stilet' Hist, qf Ancient Windsor, p. 871.) 



THE COmiECriCUT FAMILY, 87 

48. VnT. Noah,* bom Jan. 31, 1703;* m. Abigail Gaines. Fam- 

ily 8. 

49. IX. Abel,* d. infant. 



50. X. Hannah,* ) ( d. se. 4. 

>• twins, \ 

51. XI. ,* d. infant. 



52. XII. (Rev.) Abel,* bom March 10, 1708-9; m. Alethea Robin- 

son. Family 9. 

53. Xm Hannah,* bom Oct. 9, 1711; married Isaac Hayden, of 

Windsor, Conn., Nov. 19, 1736. Her nephew, the 

President, says of her that '^ she had a flaming black 

eye ; of Sense & Smartness, a good economist, of a 

generous & noble spirit, tho* a little tinged with 

gloom. Tho' she had the family Temper, yet she 

was possessed of more Prudence & Discretion than 

any one of the Family." Issue : 
• 

54. i. Hakn^,» b. 1737; m. Hezekiah PhelpSy of Simsbury, 

ConiL; had HannAh,« and another.— Pre^. 8t\l^" MSS 

5& u. LucT,A bom March 5, 1739; d. March 10, 1748. 

66. iii. Isaac, » bom Nov. 26, 1741; d. int 

57. iv. Ezra,* bom Dea 20, 1742; d. Jan. 23, 1742-3. 

58. ▼. Anna,* bom March 25, 1744; m. Dibble* ofTor- 

ringf ord. Conn. 

59. yi. MiBiAM,^ ) ) d. int 

} twins, b. Nov. 26, 1746; [ 

60. vU. Mabel,» ) ) d. July 25, 1750. 



Mrs. Hannah (Stiles) Hayden died Sepi, 1750, 8b. 
39.—Pr€s. Stiles' MSS. Stiles' Anc. Windsor, p. 
654, gives date as Aug. 27, which is probably cor- 
rect; also supplies dates of children's births. 

61. XIV. BenonI,* bom 1714; d 8b. 3 months. 

• PerhapB this should be 1709—8, as Bev. Timothy Edwards, first pastor of the first Church 
In SsM Windsor, records It (In his " Account of the Children of those belonging to this So* 
detj baptised by me. "} thus : " Jno. Stiles' Child 1703 In ye wlntor as we take It. Nockh." (StOa' 
BiiL AndeHt Windior, p. 872.) 



88 THE STILES GEHEALOGY. 

FAMILI 4. 

62. Ephralm' Stiles, [22] {John? John,') born ; mar- 
ried Aug. 2, 1694 {Spriruifield, Mnas., Rec.) Abigail Neal, of West- 
field, Mass., where he settled, and afterwards removed to Springfield, 
Mass. He was the ancestor of the yomiger (and larger) Westfield 
branch, and of the Pittsfield branch of tlie Family. 

He died about 1755, aet. cir. 85.— (Pre«. Stiles.) Pittsfield Bee, 
Bk. 7, p. 21, give the death of an Ephraim Stiles, Oct 31, 1765, from 
" Pleurisy," who may have been this Ephraim. 

Children (from Westfield, Mass., Reeords): 

63. I. Eachel,^ bom at Westfield, Mass., May 21, 1695; died 

cir. 1750, without issue. 

64. 11. Isaac,* bom at Westfield, Mass., Oct. 6, 1696; m. (1) 

Mary Brooks; (2) Deborah Hermon. Family 10. 

65. III. Ephraim,* bom at Westfield, Mass., Dec. 5, 1699; m. 

(1) Mary Fowler; (2) Jemima Meactam. Family 11. 

66. IV. Abigail,* bom at Springfield, Mass., March 15, 1704; 

died 88. 10 years. 

67. V. Hannah,* bom at Springfield, Mass., July 31, 1708; 

married David Jones, of Springfield, Mass., about 
1740.* Issue: 

68. i. David,* b. 1743. 

69. ii. Hannah,* b. . 

70. iii. Asa,* b. . 

71. iv. ,* d. iDf. 

Mrs. Hannah (Stiles) Jones, died 1763, ae. 58.t 



• So says Pres. Stiles, but Springifield (Mass.) Rec. gives their Intention of maniageas Nov. 
4, 1734. 

t At thlB point In Pros. Stiles' MS. Grrwalogy, occurs the following: "Here ends the Third 
Generation, consisting of One hundred and Twmty-three Souls; Sixty-one Males and Sixty Two 
females; of which twenty nine, or Nearly one Quarter died In Infancy. The Third Gen. is four 
times the Number of the Second ; and proceed from Nineteen Marriages of the second. Of thl* 
Gen. by 1764, are fifty three Marriages already, of which only one barren, 7 dead, 7 done bearin^r 
leaving thirty eight bearing families for 1764." 



THE COHHECTICUT FAMILY. 89 

FAMILY 5. 

72. Lieut. John* Stiles, [36] {John,'' John^ John,^) bom at 
Windsor, Conn., Dec. 17, 1692; married Mary Osbom, of Windsor, 
May 7, 1713. He resided on the East side of **the Great River" 
(Connecticut) in that part of the old town of Windsor, now known as 
Scantic Parish, in the present town of East Windsor. As early as 
1716, his estate, rated at £81 16s., was designated as being on the 
"East side the Great River." 

" Uncle John was full of the Stiles and full of the Bancroft [see 
p. 84] & tho' a Man of Sense & Judgment yet made his numerous 
fcvmily^ uneasy & himself unhappy by perpetual finding Fault, tho' he 
had H notable Wife, a f(ood Economist who consulted his Temper 
with great Prudence." In person he was ** larger than middling, and 
pretty plump and round." He was a mason and farmer. 

He died at East Windsor, Conn., July 20, 1763, and is 
buried in Scantic burying gi'ound. His gravestone, of red sandstone, 
bears the following inscription : ** In memory of Lieu* | John 
Stiles who I Died July the 20"^ | A. D. 1763, aged 74 Years."* 

Children (all horn in Scantic Parish, East Windsor, Conn.): 

73. L John,' bom May 12, 1714. (Pres. Stiles says, "bachelor, 

1764.") 

74. IL. Mabtha,' bom Feb. 1717; married Joseph Osborn, Dec. 

30,1736. Issve: 

75. i. Mabtha,« b. Jan. 18, 1738. f 

76. ii. JosBPH^e b. Feb. 13, 1739; m. Ann Waters, Nov., 1762; 

settled in Windsor; had Huldah (Osbom), b. May 2, 
1763.- Prw. Stiles' M88. 

77. iii. Mnn)w»LL,« b. Feb. 28, 1742. 
7a iv. David,« b. Sept 23, 1746.1 

79. V. Abbl,« b. Feb. 11, 1747;** d. 1751, ae. 3 or 3>^ years. 

80. vi. Abel,« b. April 8, 1752. ft 

81. vii. DoRCA8,« b. Nov. 23, 1754. JJ 

82. viii. Maboabbt,« b. Jan. 22, 1759.*** 



* Evident y Incorrect, as seen by date of his birth. 

t Stiles' Ancient WindMor gives Jan 13, 1737. 

; SUles' Ancient Windsor, 729. •• /feirf. 729. tt Ibid, 761. t* Ibid. ♦*♦ [bid. 



90 THE STILES GEUEALOGY. 

88. III. I8RAEL,' bom Sept. 13, 1719; married Martha EockwelL 

Faboly 12. 

84. IV. Mary,' bom 1720; unmarried, 1764. 

85. V. Benom,' bom 1726; died in the French War, 176<); no 

issue. 

86. VI. Ann,* lx)m ; married Moses Bissell, of Windsor, 

Conn. Issue: 

87. i. Ihba£l Osbobn,* b. .July, 1751. 
\^. ii. Dau.," d. 1 day old. 

89. iii. Irene, « b. cir. 1756. 

90. iv. AxN'A,*b. - — . 

91. V. Abel,« d. 1760, inf. 

92. vi. Beuuih,* b. Aug., 1761. 

93. VII. Elizabeth,* bom ; unmarried in 1764, as recorded 

by Pres. Stiles, but she afterward married Ebenezer 
Clark, ^ of Ellington, Conn., when she was 52 and he 
62 years old. She was his second wife, and Uved 
with him 28 years, and 1^ after his death. 
No issue. 



* A son of Slraon, of Halifax, Mass.. son of Richard, son of John, (all of Bowl y, Mass. son of 
RICHARD CtAliK, b. at Plymouth, /^ng., 1590, landed In Am. Nov. 11, 1630 Mayflower] Was 
the flrst white man who stepped on what Is now known as "Clark's Island," one leafcue from 
Plymouth, Mass. 

EBENEZEB. b. at Rowley, Mass., Oct. 16, 1717, m. Anna Dimock of Mansfield, Cl.. Sept. 2, 1740, 
she being then 16 years and nearly six months old. Lived nearly 38 years In Mansfield, where 
all their '13 ch. were b. They then sold their farm and rem. to Ellington, Ct., where she d. Feb. 
15, 1779, in her 56th year, and a m jmber of the Presbyterian Church. About two years after, he 
m. Elizabeth Stiles of E. Windsor, by whom he had no Issue. H*> never accumulated much 
property but always obtained a good support for his family. Was remarkable, even In his old 
age. for agility and sprlghtllness; was very honest, moral and exemplary, and a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. Was living Jan. 1, 1804.— .4 MSS. Grtwalogy of the detc^ndanU of Richwrd riark, 
in possession of Mrs. Frances Stiles Sheldon, of Oswego, N. Y., Oct., 1872. 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY, 91 

FAMILY 6. 

94. Rev. Isaac' Stiles/ [44] {John? John? John?) "was 
bom at [East] Windsor, in the Comity of Hartford, in the Colony of 
Connecticutt on the 30^ day of July O. S. in the year 1697. He 
was brought up to the business of a weaver till he was towards 20 
years of age,t when he applied to Learning, and under the Tuition of 
the Reverend Timothy Edwards the Minister of [East] Windsor, he 
made such proficiency as to enter Yale College at six weeks before the 
commencement of the yejir 1719. Here he continued till 1722 when 
he proceeded Bachelor of Arts,t and Mjister of Arts in 1725, being the 
first of the name and blood that had- a liberal education in America. 
He was a good classical scholar, especially in Latin, few exceeding him 
either before or since, much addicted to the study of Oratory and the 
Bible all his Life^ The valedictory Oration he made at the Exami- 
nation, 1722, is a piece of elegant Latin. The old Logic, Philoso- 
phy & Metaphysics he read, but never understood, because unintel- 
li^rible. The Mathemetics ho was ignorant of beyond the 5 first 
Rnles of Arithmetic. He had a Taste for jxjlite Writings in prose & 
Poetry especially the latter. He delighted in the Spectator, Guard- 
ian, in Pope & Swift's works — he was sublimely fired with Dr. Watts' 
Lyrics, but above all with Milton and Young. With all but the last 
he was acquainted at College. The Newtonian Science had not passed 
the Atlantic; and after its Arrival he hail no Taste or Genius for more 
than a superficial knolwedge of it. After he had graduated in 1722 — 
that year in which Dr. Cutler & others apostatized to Prelacy — he 
read some Divinity and became tolerably acquainted with the Sys- 
tem contained in the Westminster Confession. Having begun to 
preach he traveled into the Jersies, being sent to by a destitute Chh. 
After this he returned to New England — kept School at Westfield, 
[Mass.] where he preached on probation & had a call to settle in the 
Ministry, the Reverend Edward Taylor being super-annuated; which 
he declined,''** as the church and society were not so united on him 

* This biographical sketch was prepared by hie son, the President, under dale of June 15, 
ITdO, entitled : •' Mnnoirn d An^rtioUi of thf Life of the Rfperi^-l Isaac Stilrs — toward* forming a juxt 
Mra of kis real ckaraetfras a Christian. Drawn up by hi* son, Ezra Stilct." The MS. is In i-osses- 
flionof Mrs. Kale O. Well»,.of Boston, Mass. 

^ "It Is said that he, in one and the same day, tied a piece into the loom and wove out 
fourteen yards."— /Vm. Stiles' MSS. 

t •• He resldeil in College Just ihre«' years for the Senior Sophists go home in 'July."— /fe»vy. 

** References to this, under dates of July and August. 1703, will be found in tlie extracts from 
the Town Records of Westfleld. quoted in the \obfr (Jntmlo^, 196. 



92 THE STILES GEHEALOOY. 

AS he desired. He was also the second choice in Bolton, Conn., in May 
1723, when that church called Jonathan Edwards, likewise a scm of 
Elast Windsor. 

** During this Residence [in Westfield,] he became acquainted 
with Miss Keziah Taylor, * Daughter of the Rev. Mr. Taylor, 
whom he ufter wards married." 

In January, 1724, he began to preach to the church in the North 
pmish of New Haven (now North Haven), which had l)een left 
vacjint since the withdrawal of the Rev. James Wetmore (Y. C. 1714) 
a year before. Aftev a trial of his gifts he was called to settle on an 
annual salary of <£70, to be raiseil gradiuiUy to <£120, and was ordained 
Nov. 11, 1724, as his son remarks, * with al)solute unanimity." 

" He was of above medium stature ( the largest of the Family) 
upright, alert <fe active, unbowed to the day of his Death. Had a 
small piercing black eye, which at Times he filled with Flame k 
Vengence. Quick in his Temper & passionate to the last D^ree. 
On occasion none could he more cheerful k merry in Company — but 
when alone, or with his Family only, he was gloomy or per- 
petually repining. He would not have enjoyed himself easy in 
affluent circumstances — much less in his narrow Uving k under 
some peculiar & pressing trials. Books & friends gave him some 
Relief & Respite. He did Uttle at secular labor k always kept 
much at home & in his Study. He read much, but digested 
almost nothing. His mind was stored with rich k valuable 
Ideas, but classed in no Order, like good Books thrown in con- 
fusion in a Library Room. This was owing to a Volatility k 
hasty Transition of Genius, the sallies of which he could never ocm- 
troll, k which he has given in plentiful Abundance to his Children, 
and especially to me. Hence he was delighted with good Reasoning k 
could discern its force, yet he was no Reasoner himself. His Dis- 
courses were in the Declamatory Way. In the Pulpit he was some- 
times a most charming Preacher k seemed as if he would irresistibly 
deforce away your Affection to Christ & his Religion; k one would 
judge him to be a complete Saint high advanced in Piety; at other 
Times his Sermons & prayers would be vastly disagreeable to the 
Audience. None could give more animated Desdriptions of Heaven 



* Born April 4, 1702. 



THE COHNCCTICUT FMMILY. 93 

A Hell, the Joys of the one, <fe Damnation of the other. * In common 
Life he would be sometimes extremely social & pleasant, & you 
would judge the most humane & benevolent — & so he was for the 
present; the next Day, perhaps, if not the next Hour, you might find 
him in such a Frame that he might pass for Dean Swift : he could 
conceal nothing, every Sentiment being felt so delicately as to blaze 
forth in his Eyes & Countenance & above all flowed off without 
much Reserve thro' his Lips. He had high notions of Sul)ordination 
which he sucked in from Mr. Edwards, Dr. Cutler <k Mr. Whittelsey; 
& he ex;icted the same from his Inferiors, and their not rendering it 
with Facility has many Times thrown him into Passion. 

" His delicacy of perceptions were such both mental & sensitive, 
that it was impossible for him to feel easy & unrepining. According 
to Pope, his senses external & internal were so delicately exquisite 
that *ti*emblingly all o'er' he would 'smart ^Sz agonize at every 
pore.' His wmstitution was such that he could not possibly pass 
this world at best but in a very great degree of perpetual Torment; he 
felt every Thing & had Uttle Respite from painful sensations & 
Reflexion. Their was very little but what would give him Uneasi- 
ness, nay his pleasures were delightfully painful. Such was his make 
that every Thing in the World was too much for him : Vanity itself 
became to him an important painful nothing. Had his mind been 
placed in a robust Body where external Texture had been thick & 
gross & callous, it had made quite a different appearance. But the 
Body w\ was prepared for him was of such a degree of Delicacy & 
made hina continually percipient." 

As to temporal matters, "he possessed a house and 150 acres of 
Land, of which 100 [was] cleared; and besides that had a salary of 
£60 L. M., or £40 Sterling from the parish; and had a numerous 
Family." 

"In 1739 he made shift to buy a Negro man & woman used to 
a farm & proposed to facilitate his subsistence by farming. He 
himself understood Uttle of tiie matter. My mother understanding 

* Of his plain, out-spoken manner of handling matters in the pulpit, we may Judge from 
the following anecdote : '* Onoe on a time," during intermission on Sunday, he saw one of his 
oongregaion stealing his melons. In his afternoon sermon he referred to the taking in a man- 
ner somewhat personal. After treating of that particular sin (theft) said he, " no longer than 
this Lonl's day noon (pointing to a person in the gallery), I saw you, John Johnson, thou son of 
Belial, thou child of the devil, enter my garden and steal my melons." Bather close preach- 
ing that, but characteristic of the times, I suppose. This anecdote has been han ed down in 
the family from my boyhood.— Z^</«r qf Ezra StUe*, Esq., of iV. Haven, Ct., 1866. 



94 THE STILES 0£H£ALOQY. 

it very well, the Thing seemetl pretty well, L e. as well as it could 
when the most of it passed thro' the hands of indolent servants, not 
under the Eye of a Man of Business. For my father intermeddled 
not in secular Business, save to repine at an ill-conducted, or not 
Vevy well conducted field husbandry. However, my Brothers grow- 
ing up ife laboring on the farm, my Father's Family were thencefor- 
ward coinfortiibly sul>sisted with the produce of the Farm in addition 
to about £60 proc. Salary from his pple." 

**His public Reputation was happy as a celebrated Preacher, 
till 1740— whea Mr. Wbiteifield oj^ned the Deluge of New 
Lightism on our Chlis. My Father heard him all his first preach- 
ing ct it was ;i wonder a man of so mercurial ck natur- 
ally enthusiastic passionate [temper] should have been so little 
caught with the public Enthusiasm. fit was probably owing ; 
to his Intimacy with Rev^. Mess". Moyes, Whittlasey & Rug- 
gles, that he was soon engaged in an op|)ositi(m to what wa-s 
then culled * the good work.' Truly the Excesses were so grejit, thiit 
being engaged he had matter eno.' From the Beginning of Whitfield- 
ianism he commenced an Old Light A: a violent Opposer. Ft)r vvliat- 
ever he engaged in he did with all his Might, Zeal iz Violence. 
But about 15 or 20 psons in his own parish were deeply caught; A: 
in 1741 I remember for the whole Summer they came & visited my 
father incessantly A: he c(mversed with them!, from Breakfast to 12 
o'clock at night. That is, when one Comp*. was gone away, another 
came till it was usually late at night Sometimes he reasoned with 
them coolly — but generally with heated Zeal ag'. Extravagances, He 
was not calculated to convince Gainsay ei-s with Gentleness. In 
May 1742, Gov. Law appointed him to preach the Election Sermon 
at Hartford — where he was the first that ventui-ed to oppose New 
Light at the Election. The forepart of his Sermon was such that 
the New Lights took him to be of their side, & that themselves had 
been mistaken in conceiving him an opposer — accordingly one woman 
screamed out in the Assembly. But before he had done they found 
their mistake. For in all New Light Times never was preached a 
more severe Sermon ag^ that Way." 

"The printing of it was opposed by some of the Assembly, and 
when it came into print, it fixed his Character ever after. Accord- 
ingly he was the object of highest Detestation among the New 
Lights, while he was caressed as a bold Champion by the Old Lights. 



«■ , 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 95 

He was so warm a man in his preaching, that Mr. Hall of Cheshire 
used to say if Mr^ Stiles had turned New Light, there would ha^e 
been no standing. iDef ore him, & that he would have exceeded the 
wannest New Lights in. preaching Terror, &c-" - 

"At the freeman's ^Meeting at N. Haren, where it hds been the 
immemorial Custom to preach, it came to my Father's Turn in April, 
1743, when he preached from these words, * Fear God & the King, & 
meddle not with them that are given to change' — in opposition to a 
New Light scheme in the Gov^. to turn out of the Magistracy all 
opposera of the good work. This Sermon being printed gave hi^i 
disgust to the New Jjights. He preached much & boldly in his owh 
•pulpit & elsewhere for 4 or 5 years against the Whitfieldian Excesses 
& the madness of Exorters & Separate Meetings; and tho' he was 
intemperat^ly warm & Zealous, yet I look upon it that he herein 
signaUy served the Cause of Christ; he was earnest against Enthusi- 
^aytn in Coipiecticut, as Dr. Chauncey was in Massachusetts. Provt- 
.dence directed his zeal and fire to serve a useful Purpose. Af t^r th4 
heat of these Times, he confined himself very much to his own pple, 
& gradually dropping the partizan preaching,' he resumed his old 
course of preaching & persuading concerning the Things of the King- 
dom of Christ. He delighted greatly, in preaching, in persuading 
men to be reconciled to Christ & live holy lives & not trust to Im- 
pulses & enthusiastic Experiencas, but to substantial GkK)dness of 
Heart & Life." 

" About the year 1*3^45 & onward his Intimate Friends, Messr^. 
Whittelsey, Noyes, Hall, Buggies, ''Todd^ &c. had entered on reading 
the new Authors in Divinity, such as Taylor, Scott, Beijsori, PieSrce^, 
&c. Dr. Chauncey 's Acquaintance with Mr. Whittelsey, who had 
married the Dr's. Aunt, very much began a Hberal Inquiry with 
Mr. Whittlesey. Conversation & Eead^ diffused it to several of 
his Acquaintance, & my Father among the rest. Mr. Chaimcey 
Whittelsey, son of Mr. Sam^ Dr. & Mr. DarHng, Son in-law 
of Mr. Noyes, were stigmatized as Armenians, because thro' 
free enquiry they had dropped the Rigidity of Calvinism. Thus, 
Mr. Whittelsey & Mr. Noyes became moderated & cathoUc 
in Sp*. w*'. they diffused to my father. I, his son, being inti- 
mate with, & with himself having a good & high opinion of Mr. 

C. W., and Mr. D , all this put t(^ether, my Father, with the 

rest of his intimate Friends freely read what were called the Armin- 



96 THE STILES GEHEALOGY. 

ian Books & in a general way, I believe, were much better pleased 
with their descriptions of Christianity than with Westminster, &c., 
(Sec, Tho' we never espoused but always disclaimed those sentiments 
& principles which, under the appellation of Arminianism were 
fathered upon ua Particularly from an intimate personal acquaint- 
ance with these Gentlemen, I am confident all of them firmly be- 
lieved the Universal Depmvity of Human nature and its utter ina- 
bility to recover itself; the vicarious Atonement of Jesus Christ, as the 
Basis of Justification; the necessity of Bi^eneration & Faith; & the 
powerful Influences of the Sp^, &c., &c." 

"However — it came to pjwss that, from 175^ to his death, my 
Father was called tm Arminian; & he had doubtless altered his sen- 
timents in souie Things, in latter part of his Life. But he lived to 
the last, & died a firm Believer in Revelation, in the Divinity & 
Aton^ of X, Influences of Sp^, &c., &c., even beyond what most of 
the orthodox pretend to. But the change of his reputation was not 
so much owing to real alterati(ms of Sentiment, as to the Hocus 
pocus of political New Lightism. lu the coui-se of a dozen years 
New Lightism had tinged a Majority of New England Ministers, & 
pple with a tender affection for the g^ & good work. And when 
they became powerful they i-esumed their old Weapons & declaimed 
heresy ag^ all that spoke against that Way. And the Old Light 
Ministers now generally thro' N. Eng^ are obliged to submit to the 
invidious appellation of Heretics, Arm", Arians, &c., because the 
New Lights ha^e no other weapons so powerful; & in using this 
they are very honest — for it is easy with an Enthusiast to p'suade 
himself any measures are just with a heretic, if severa" 

The Kev. Isaac Stiles was one of twenty-six pastors who peti- 
tioned the Conn. Legislatm*e, May 9, 1754, for an Ecclesiastical 
Council, for explaining the law of God relative to incestuous mar- 
riages — especially whether a man can marry his niece.* 

Also, one of 20 ministers opposed to now measures, such as 
" young men's taking upon them to preach without license, and con- 
trary to order, by Ministers entering into other Parishes besides 
their own, and preaching in a disorderly manner," etc. May 13, 
1742.t 



* Docs. tl64-5, Conn, Archive*, vol. xll. 
t Doc. 260, Conn. Archive*, vol. vli. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 97 

A dispute which arose in the congregation at Wallingford, 
Conn., after the death of their pastor, Mr. TVliittlesey; and concern- 
ing the choice of Eev. Mr. Dana as his successor (detaUed by the 
President at too great a length for our pages.) brought trouble upon 
the Rev. Isaac Stiles for having acted as one of the Council which 
finfdly ordained Mr. Dana, in Oct. 1758.* " A warm controversy en- 
sued, in which my father took no great part, & was but little warmed, 
considering the warmth of his Temper. The violent measures 
adopted by the Consociation ag^ him with the rest of the ordaining 
Council, excited him only to lay the matter of his assis' in said ord- 
ination before his own Chm-ch. The m«Jcontents at Wallingford being 
in connexion with three families at North Haven, excited them to 
exhibit to the Consociation a complaint signed by themselves & to 
the number of not exceeding 8 families out of about 170, against my 
father for heresy & some Instances of what they called mfiJ-adminis- 
tration in Chh. Discipline which he had transacted with concurrence 
& at the Discretion of his Chh. about 1742 in the heat of the New 
Light This eflfort was made but a few months before his Death, & 
the Consociation did notliing upon it. 

" The depreciation of paper money & scantiness of Salary, was 
truly the source of the only difference of any consequence between 
my father and his people dming his whole ministry. His intemper- 
ate Disputes with his pple on this head, rendered him disagreeable 
to them at Times, tho' they ever esteemed him as an excellent 
Preacher to his Death, except a few who were new-lighted, & fond 
of Exhorters.t 

* Against the interdict of the Consociation to which the Wallingford Church belonged : the 
Bev. Isaac Stilee "often said afterwards that he never was clearer in the Expediency of any 
ordination." 

t This statement of his son's is corroborated by the following notes kindly furnished to us 
by the present Pastor of this church. Rev. W. T, Reynold*, under date of May, 1886. 

" In the discussion of terms which preceded his settlement, Mr. Stiles proposed that the 
Bodety should give him for a settlement, ' the living ' that was his predecessor's, or its equiva- 
lent and pay £70 yearly, continually increasing it ten pounds annually until it should amount 
to £100 and never to be less. But, it seems to have been agreed also that, if the ' list rose,' then 
the salary should rise in propor Ion until it amounted to £120 and to continue at that sum until 
his death, extraordinary cases excepted, to be paid in money, or grain, at prices stated in their 
last note. ' including his firewood*. And, before he was ordained, even, the Society began to ful- 
fil their part of the contract, by the purchase of Mr. Wetmore's ' living ' ; and, in November, 1724, 
the house bam and living bought of Mr. Wetmorewere formally transferred to Mr. Stiles. This 
hoQse was taken down in 1853. 

"The relations of Mr. Stiles and the society and church were much disturbed during all his 
ministry by the fluctuations and depreciation of the Colonial currency. I find in the Society's 
Beoords frequent references to matters connected with his support. Special meetings were 



98 THi STILES GiMEALOGY. 

In his domestic relations he had more than the usual share of 
joys and afflictions. He was the father of eleven children, but lived to 
stand by the graves of six, from the age of a few months to theyouDg 
girl of fifteen — his daughter Ruth, whose death, in 1759, was a heavy 
stroke to him — for his affections were peculiarly bound up in her: 
and from that time he never seemed to rally in heart or strength. 
Thenceforth, he seemed to **i-etire from the World & hved in soli- 
tude," never leaving his parish, save to visit his eldest (and married) 
daughter, to pour out to her his sorrows and troubles. 

** Thro' increasing Infinnities he yet attended his Ministry to 
the last, preached the Sabbath before his Death, on Monday went 3 
miles to the funeral of one of his parish, and at the same time made 
a friendly & reconciling visit to those families who had complained 
against him, & was remarked to have behaved towards them in a 
manner singularly Xtian & forgiving. And from visiting his 
Enemies & attending the last offices of Mourning to a deceased 
neighbor he returned home. The next day he was taken ill; and 
after a few days of increasing weakness, he died, 14 May, 1760, ae. 
63 years, and in the 36th year of his Ministry." 

Of the growth of the church during his administration, we have 
no records, except that his parish had increased from 55 families 
(in 1724) to 175, of which 15 were Episcopal A new meeting- 
house was erected in 1739 and finished in 1741, which was occupied 
by the Society until 1837, when it was taken down. 

In public ecclesiastical affairs in the Colony of Connecticut, 
Mr. Stiles was much engaged and esteemed for his soimd views and 
judgment. For his ability and character as a preacher, theologian 
and scholar, we may also refer to Prof. Kingsley's Life of Presideni 
Stiles, (in Sparks^ American Biography), and to Prof. Fisher's Hist 
Discourse of Yale College, 



called to consider the matter. The trouble seems to have reached a critical point In sU years 
after his settlement. It was, at one time, voted to increase his salary to £140 pounds for ihAl 
year and continue It from year to year, • as long as money continues under Its present decay; 
but, In case its value should rise, then retract proportionally to Its rise till It oome to £100 accord- 
ing to our first agreement.' Then It was proposed to give up the old bargain and form a new 
one. The society exerted itself to remove the trouble and voted, at one time, four hundred and 
and at another, eight hundred and fifty pounds (old Tenor as payment of his salary. Butio 
vain. In March 1757, the Committee of the Society was compelled to warn a meeting of the 
Society, "the occasion " of which was, "that Mr. Stiles had sued the Society," A committee 
was appointed " to answer the writ and to have an. attorney." The matter was oompraralsed 
without going to the Court. But the controversy was only settle I after his death, by his ezecu- 
k)r8, whose receipt is still preserved." 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 99 

The sermon published at his death was entitled : 
"The Righteous perishing, and no Man laying it to Heart, illus- 
trated. Two occasional Sermons, delivered at North Haven, June 1, 
1760, soon after the death of the Rev. Isaac Stiles, late Pastor of 
the Church there; and in a time of Mortality among them. Pub- 
lished at the desire of the Bereaved Family, and a number of hearers, 
to whom they are humbly dedicated. By Theophilus Hall, V. D. M., 
Pastor of the Church in Meriden. A poor wise man, by his wisdom 
dehvered the city; yet no Man remembered the same poor Man. — 
Solomon. The Time cometh that whosoever killeth you, wiD think 
that he doeth God service. — St. John. Printed by Parker and 
Company. 

His published works were : 

1. A Prospect of the City of Jerusalem, in its Spiritual Building, Beauty and Glory. 

The Election Sermon [from Ps. cxlvii, 2] 1742. N. London, 1742. 16 mo., pp. 
iii, 59. 

Of this Mf. Dexter {Annals Y. C.) says: "This has much 
more sprightliness than was usual in the publications of that class; 
it is also bitterly sarcastic in its references to the New Lights in 
theology." 

2. A Looking-glass for Changlings. A Seasonable Caveat against Meddling with them 

that are given to change. In a Sermon [from Prov. xxiv. 21] preached at the 
Free-men's Meeting at New Haven, April 11, 1743. By Isaac Stiles, A. M., 
Pastor of the Church of Christ in North Haven. Published at the Desire and 
Cost of a number of the Hearers. Job xxxiv, 30: That the Hypocrite reign 
not, lest the People be ensnared. 

Hie primeum fortuna fidem mutata novavit 

Quas mentem insania mutat? 

Nunc te fata impia, Tangunt — VirgU, 
N. London, Printed and Sold by T. Green, 1743. 44 pages, 16 mo. 

3. The Character and Duty of Soldiers, Illustrated in A Sermon [from 2 Sam. x, 12] 

Preached May 25, 1755, in New Haven; at the Desire of CoL Nathan Whiting, 
to the Military Company under his Command in the present Expedition, for the 
Defence of the British Dominions in America. New Haven, 1755. 16 mo. 
pp. iii, 28. 

4. A Sermon preached by the Rev. Isaac Stiles, A. M., Pastor of the Church in 

North Haven, at the ordination of his son, Ezra Stiles, A. M., to the Pastoral 
charge of the Church and Congregation met in Clark street, Newport, Octo- 
ber 22, 1755. The Lord is my Strength.— Hab., iii, 19. Wait on the Lord ; 
be of good Courage, and he shaU strengthen thine Heart: Wait, I say, on the 
Lord. — Psalm xxvii, 14. Without me, ye can do nothing. — John xv, 5. New- 
port, Bhode Island, Printed by J. Franklin, at the town School House. 33 
pages. 8vo, iii 



100 TH£ STILES G£H£ALOGY. 

5. The Declaration of the Association of the County of New Haven, February 19, 
1744-5 Concerning the Rev. Mr. George Whitefield, His Conduct and the 
State of Beligion at this Day. Boston, 1745, 8vo. pp. 8. 

Many of his MS. sermons are in the Library of the Massachus- 
etts Historical Society, and Tale College Library has, in MS. a curi- 
ous poetical love-letter to Miss Keziah Taylor, dated 1724 

The Monument of the Eev. Isaac Stiles, at North Haven, Conn., 
bears the following inscription : 

*• This Monument is erected 

To the Memory of 

The Revd Isaac Stiles, A. M. 

who was bom in Windsor, July 30tti, 1697 

Received a liberal education 

at Yale College ; 

Ordained to the Pastoral Office 

In the Church of North Haven, 

Novr 11, 1724, 

Where he served in the ministry 36 years. 

And died May 14, 1760, letat 63. 

Having a Mind enobled 

with Sublime A Venerable conceptions 

of the Glories of the Most High, 

and the perfect order & Happiness of the Universe ; 

Illuminated with Divine VieWs 

of the Economy of that part of it 

Under the Mediatorial Dominion 

of Jesus Chbist; * 

Also 

Being Intimately Acquainted with 

the Sacred Oracles ; 

and having a natural Gift of 

Elocution, 

He preached the Grospel with 

Fervour and Fidelity 

A Friend to pure and undefiled 

Beligion 

with a charitable benevolence 

to All Mankind, 

Mors mihi vita esC* 

* In the original draft of this epitaph, prepared in the handwriting of his son, the Preeident, 
and labelled •• Dec. 5, 1762. This copied for engraving " [i, e. on the stone], the followins 1^* 
are used at this point. *' Being endowed with a florid Elocution, | And natural Oratory | ^' 
rlched with an Intimate Knowledge | of the Sacred Oracles: | He devoted Himself to the evwa- 
gellcal Ministry | with Fervor and Fidelity; Approving Himself an apostolic Preacher, 
I Eloquent & mighty In the 8cr ptures | A friend of pure and ondeflled Religion, an hon«« 
dvocate for Virtue | Liberty Ac the Rights of Conscience; | with the amiable & generous Senti' 
ment 1 of Charity to the Christian World, | and Benevolence to all Mankind." 



TH£ COMMiCTICUT FAMILY. 101 

Rev. Isaac Stiles married (1) June 1, 1725, Kezia (Daughter 
of Eev. Edward, and his wife Ruth Wyllys) Taylor, of Westfield, 
Mass., who died in childbed, Dec. 4, 1727, ». 25 years, "or," as 
records her son, the President, '* after midnight of the Sp.bbath in 
which I was baptised — aged 25 years and 7 months." In a vellum- 
covered volume, once belonging to his father, her son Ezra, for 
whose life she gave her own, has entered his description of his 
mother, thus : " She was of light complexion, slender tho' rather tall 
in stature, grey eye, of a delicate sUght make, ingenious to a great 
degree in needlework & several other Things of a mechanick nature, 
in painting and cutting Flowers & Escutcheons on paper. iShe ob- 
tained a good Report of all — had an insinuating, affable Turn to 
make herself agreeable to rich and poor; she was greatly respected 
& beloved by the Parish of North Haven, & by persons of poUte 
Taste. As she was possessed of a natural, amiable courtesy and 
Humanity, so she was exemplarily religious, sincere, devout and 
pious, I never yet could learn one single objection or Blemish in 
her character, and I have enquired of those acquainted with her, 
both of those who were Friends, & those who proved Enemies to 
my Father the latter part of his Life, & all agreed in reverencing 
her Character & Memory. I truly esteem her to have been an ex- 
traordinary Person of her Age. She died, leaving me, her only 
surviving babe^^ earnestly & piously with repeated 'Prayers (as my 
Father and others have often told me) commending me to the Bless- 
ing & Protection of Heaven." 

"From what I can learn she had the DeUcacy, Humanity & 
Finance of the Wyllia Family, with the mechanick Ingenuity & 
Curiosity of her Father, with the rational & sober, sincere Piety of 
both." 

Rev. Isaac Stiles married (2) Esther (daughter of Samuel 
Hooker, Jr.), of Farmington, Conn., Oct. 1728. 

He died at North Haven, Conn., May 14, 1760, 8b. 63. Mrs. 
Esther (Hooker) Stiles died January 2, 1779, se. 77. 

Child {by first wife, horn at North Haven, Conn.): 

95. L (Bev.) Ezra,' (S. T. D.) bom Nov. 29, 1727; m. (1) Eliz- 
abeth Hubbard; (2) Mrs. Mary Checkley. Fam- 
ily 13. , 



102 ^^^ ST/LES GEflEALOGY. 

Children^ by second wife {bom at North Haven, Conn,"": 

96. n. Isaac,' bom Sept. 5, 1729; married Mabel Clark. Fam- 

ily 14. 

97. nL KEZiA,'bom Aug. 6,1731; married Basil Munson, of 

Carmel, Ct., May 2, 1751. hstie: 

98. i. Job Lucianus,* b. Bept 26, 6, 1752, ("the year of change 

of Old to New Style," says Pres. Stiles' MSS.) 

99. ii. TiTU8,« b. March 1, 1755. 

100. iu. EzBA,« b. May 15, 1757. 

101. iv. Isaac 8tilb8,« b. Sept 2, 1760. 

102. T. Kezia,« b. March 6, 1763. 

Mrs. Kezia (Stiles) Munson died Oct 17, 1768, ». 
37.— Pres. Stiles' MSS. 

103. IV. AsHBEL,' bom Aug. 30, 1734; died Nov. same year, ». 

10 weeks. '*He died on a Thanksgiving, as my 
mother was agitting him ready to go w"* her to 
meeting."— Pre«. Stiles' MSS. 

AsHBEL,' bom Sept. 11, 1735; m. Hannah Stiles. Fam- 
. ILY 15. 

Esther,' bom Dec. 1, 1736; died Aug. 8, 1737, ». 8 
mos. and 8 days. 

Job,' bom July 1, 1738; d. Oct. 5, 1738, m. 3 mos. and 
5 days. 

107. VnL EerTHER,' bom Aug. 8, 1739; married Lemuel Bradley, 

of Carmel, Conn. Issue : 

108. i. Chauncby,« b. 1760; d. 1780, at Long Island. 

109. ii. EsTHBB SnuBs,* b. 1762; d. July 21, 1783, at North 

Hayen, Conn. 

110. iii LucT,« b. May 16, 1768. 

111. iv. Lbvbbbtt,« b. Sept 17, 1769. 

112. V. Hamt.tn,* b. April, 1771. (These three last named re- 

moved with their mother to Nova Scotia, and settled 
on St.. John's River, May, 1783.— Prea. Suites' MSS.) 



104. 


V. 


105. 


VI. 


106, 


vn 



THE COHNiCTICUT FAMILY. 103 

113. IX. Job,** bom Nov. 4 (bap. 5), 1741; died Aug. 15, 1751, «. 

9 yrs. 9 mos. 

114. X. KuTH,5 \^^ j^e 13^ 1744. ^g^ j^^g 31^ 1759^ ^ 

15\ years. Her sorrowing father thus speaks 
of her, in a letter announcing her death to her 
brother, the President: "I hope you will follow 
Ruth as she followed Christ; her humbleness of 
mind, contentment, meek and quiet spirit, cheerful 
temper, innocent, inoffensive, unblameable, amiable, 
winning & endearing, & in all respects virtuous 
behavior, is worthy imitation." 

115. XI. Lucy,' bom April 20, 1746; died Sept. 7, 1751, sb. 5 

yrs. and 5 mos. 

FAMILY 7. 

116. Ebenezer^ Stiles, [47] {John^ John^ John^^) bom at 
Windsor, Conn., April 7, 1701; married (1) Ann Drake, at Windsor, 
Nov. 2, 1725. She died July 7, 1726. He married (2) Sarah Pin- 
ney, at Windsor, Conn., Jan. 28, 1729-30. He settled first at Wind- 
sor; then removed to Tqlland, and last to Coventry, Conn., where he 
bought a farm in 1739. After that he bought and sold land in So. 
Coventry until 1753; and, from 1766 to 1779, gave and sold to his 
son Reuben, certain real estate; also, in 1766, gave land to his 
daughter Sarah.* 

His estate was settled in 1779; inventory amounting to £1,748 
16s. 9d. It mentions, among others, a grand-daughter, "Annie 
Grant,^^ probably the married name of the eldest daughter of his 
daughter Buth. 

" Uncle Eben," says his nephew, the President, ** had a Manli- 
ness & Generosity of Soul beyond any of the Family and once in- 
tended something great as to Riches & Figure, but disappointments 
in some of his children discouraged him. He was a brisk Farmer 
at Coventry — in person, larger than middling, and pretty plump & 
round." 

Mr. Ebenezer Stiles died at Coventry, Conn., May 21, 1779, 
in his 80th year. Mrs. Sarah (Pinney) Stiles died Aug. 14, 1776, 
in her 70th year. 

* 6oaUi Coventry Land Records, 



104 THi STILiS G£M£ML06r 

Children {all by second wife): 

117. Sarah,* bom May 25, 1732; married Davis. Only 

Issue: 

118. i. £ucAZEB,o (or Isaac?) b. cir. 1748; m. Bebecca Tilden, 

1773, and had a dau. —Prc5. StUes' MSS. 

119. II. Ann,' bom July 20, 1733; married (1) Hezekiah Mer- 

rick, of Coventry, Conn.; married (2), Philip Smith, 
of Windsor, Conn. Issue : 

120. i. Ann* (Herrick), b. cir. 1761; m. Simeon Hyp* 

of Coventry, Nov., 1772. 

121. ii. Stephen (Smith). 

122. iii. Sarah« (Smith), d. inf. 

123. iv. P9iLip« (Smith). 

124. V. Reuben Stile8« (Smith), b. Jan. 1763. 

125. vL Sarah^ (Smith), b. May, 1765. —Pres. Stiles' MSS. 

126. III. KuTH,' bom Jan. 23, 1735; married Amos Richardson, 

of Coventry, Conn., June, L752. Issue : 

127. L Ann,« b. March. 1753. 

128. ii. Hezekiah,* b. Jan., 1755. 

129. iii. Zbbulon,« b. Feb., 1758. 

130. iv. Reuben,« d. inf., 1762. 3 days old, 

131. V. RuTH,« b. March, 1765.— Prft?. Stiles' MSS. 

132. IV. Reuben,' (Asst. Quartermaster), bom March 25, 1737, 

" after his return from the conquest of Havanna, in 
Cuba, 1762, married, Nov., 1764, Submit (daughter 
of Capt. EUphalet) Carpenter, of Coventry." Pres- 
Stiles, who gives this account, says, also, that Reu- 
ben "was a Quartermaster in the American Army 
during the Revolution, and died in the service." 
In the records of the U. S. Pension Office, at Wash- 
ington, however, we have the means of correcting 
this statement. From this deposition, made in 
September, 1836, by his widow, then bb. 93 years. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 105 

we learn that Reuben Stiles was an Assistant Com- 
missary of Issues in tiie lievolutionary service; was 
on duty in the Commissary Department at the siege 
of Boston, 1775; in New York City, 1776; and was 
Magazine Keeper from 1777 to 1779, at Danbury, 
Conn., and at White Plains, N. Y.; also in service 
after 1779. He was married, at Coventry, Conn., 
Dec. 12, 1769, to Submit Carpenter, and resided in 
Coventry until, becoming much embarrassed by 
debts, for which he feared arrest, he removed to 
New Jersey, in 1789, and there engaged in school- 
teaching, until his death, which occurred "about 
twenty years or more prior to 1836, as it was gen- 
erally understood." 

Her father made provision by his will, in 1775, 
of his astate, to which he added a codicil in 1789, 
giving to Submit Stiles during her natural life " the 
use and improvement of the east room in the low 
part of his new dwelling house for her and nobody 
else with her," with some other house and farm 
privileges. She was daughter of EUsha [not Eliph- 
alet, as stated by Pres. Stiles] Carpenter, and she 
died Dec. 26, 1837, ae. 95 years. 

133.. V. Hannah,' bom Sept. 18, 1739; married Eliphaz Hunt, 
North Parish of Coventry, Conn., April, 1764.* 
Issue : 

134, i. Ebenezkr,« b. July 2, 1766. 

135. ii. ELEAZBB,e b. April 18, 1772. 
13»5. iii. Hannah,« b. Sept. 30, 1774. 

137. iv. RuTH,e b. July 2, 1779. 

138. VL Stephen,' bom Aug. 18, 1743; died July 14, 1759, se. 

16 years. 



* The thcight Omralogy, I. 334, says Hannah, b. Jan. 25, 1739, m. Eliphaz Hunt, May 21, 1761; 
.1. Jan. 3. 18W. 



106 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

FAillLY 8. 

139. Noah^ Stiles, [48] {John,^ John? John,') bom at 
Windsor, Conn., Jan. 31, 1703; miirried Abigail Gaines, of Enfield, 
Conn., Jan., 1735. He was a farmer, and is characteiized by his 
nephew, the President, as " gloomy, splenetic, full of complaints, 
but an honest man." 

Child: 

140. I. Noah,* bom in Windsor, Conn., March 8, 1735-6; mar- 

ried his cousin Martha (daughter of and 

Martha Stiles) Osbom, Nov. 1, 1761; according to 
Pres. Stiles, was " of the same gloomy & plaintive 
disposition as his father." 

141. i. ," dau., stillbom. 

142. ii. ,« son, d. infant 

FAMILY 9. 

143. Rev. Abel * Stiles, [52J {Jo/m;' John,'' John,') bom 
in Windsor, Conn., March 10, 17<'8-9; received a liberal education 
at Yale College, where he proceeded A. B., 1733, and A. M., 1736, 
and was for a shoii time one of the Tutors in that College. 

Oct. 12, 1736, he was licensed to preach by tlie Windham Co. 
Association of Ministers, and in the early part of the yeai- 1737, re- 
ceived a call from the Church in Woodstock, Conn., but then in 
M.issachusetts. The death of its former pastor, Mr. Throop, on the 
10th of Sept., 1735, after an eight years' pastorate, had been followed 
by a hmg and bitter wiangle in the Society over the selection of a 
successor. But, in March 28, 1736-7, it was voted in Town Meeting, 
duly assembled, "To concur with what the church had laid before the 
town, ^dz.: To send to New Haven to invite IVIr. Abel Stiles to preach 
with them by way of probation; and if he can't be obtained, to send 
for Mr. Hawes; and if lie can't be obtained, to send for Mr. Swift; and 
if he can't be obtained, to send for Mr. Brown." Mr. Stiles tixxs 
obtained, and made a favorable impression. Great imanimity was 
now manifested, and a desire that all pei^ons might l)e satisfied. 
At a Town Meeting, May 9, it was agreed, ** That if there be ten that 
appear to desire to hear farther, the town ai"e willing oblige them/' 



THi COMM£CTfCUT FAMILY. 107 

Ten not appearing, the question was put, " Whether the town is so 
well satisfied with the ministerial performances and qualifications of 
Mr. Abel Stiles, that they are willing the church should make choice 
of him for a minister, and it passed in the aflirmitive by 51 to 4. 

"At a church meeting," also "reasonably warned for the sup- 
plying the pulpit," and held the same day with the Town's Meeting, 
after debating and some methods used " to know the minds of the 
brethren, it was voted unanimously that the Com*®® make application 
to M*" Styles of New Haven to preach with us in way of probation 
for the space of one month at Least," etc. 

He soon after received a regular call as Pastor, which he ac- 
cepted, and on the Church Records we find, under date of June 22, 
1737, his Letter of Aoceptance : 

To the Church of Christ in Woodstock. 
Dearly Beloved in our Lord Jesus i 
I have maturely Considered your Invitation, <fc Regular Call to Settle with you 
in the work of ye Gospel. Ministry; and have addressed God the fountaine of wis- 
dom, for light and Direction in the affair, and have t^en other means, yt God has 
allowed me in order to understand my Duty in this Important affair; and having 
concluded that it is the will of God, I should comply with your Call, I do now with 
Dependance on Christ the King of His Church, for needed assistance, hereby Signifie 
^ you my acceptance thereof, not Doubting but that as you have by your notes 
Signified yonr Disposition to do for my Support as you did for your last Revd . 
Pastor, so you will Continue to do for me as there shall be need— and I earnestly ask 
your Constant and fervent prayers for me yt I may be able to act toward you, as 
becomes a minister of the Gospel, to y« honor of God, and our mutual Comfort, 
and Edification. 

I am yr affectionate Brother & Serv^ in Christ Jesus. 

Abel Stilbs. 
Woodstock June yc 22, 1737. 

MB. STILES' DECLABATION OP PRINOIPLES. 

To y« Comt«o of y® Church of Woodstock, who are appointed to Receive my answer 
to the late Call of sd Church and Town to y« work of y^ ministry there. 
Brethem Beloved in Our Lord. 
As to my principles relating to Church governments, I shall honestly endeavor 
to take y« Bible for my Infallible rule, and shall endeavor to make use of all other 
helps which God in his providence shall favor me with, in order to my acting in 
yt affair agreeable to y« word of God which is our only Inf alliable rule — I shall En- 
deavor not to usurp any power and authority, which Christ has not Invested his 
ministers with — and as far shall I be from Endeavoring to Deprive the Church of one 
Jot or Tittle of their rights — ^I shall Endeavor praotioaUy to remember j^ a minister 
should not Liord it over God's heritage, but should be an Eb[ample to his flock — but 
since I conclude y® EssentiaUs of Church governments may yet differ in some modes 



108 THi STILES GENEALOGY. 

and circnmHtances of Small Importance, I would add, y' I shall be far from being 
Disposed to make alterations of any Innocent modes though differing from some 
other Churches in this proWnce. 

I am yr Brother & Servt in Christ, 

Abel Stilks. 
Woodstock June ye 22, 1737. 

The newly chosen pastor, both by native ability, culture, junl 
social connection, seemecl well calculated to please. In one resi>ect 
alone, were the people of Woodstock unsatisfied about him. As a 
graduate of Yale, and a licentiate of the Windham County Association, 
it was feared that his sympathies might l)e wuth Connecticut Chm*ch 
government. He did not, however, explicitly refuse to sign the (H)v- 
enant adopted by the church in 1727, and the foregoing written 
statement of his own views and princi|>les which he presented wius 
deemed satisfactory. A town meeting was called, July 4, 1737, 
when it was agreed, " that all that were of the mind to concur with 
the church in the ordination of Mr. Stiles, should move into the 
men's body of seats, and all that non-concurre<l into the women's 
seats." Thirty-nine moved into the former and eight into the latter, 
and the call was confirmed and accepted. A committee was appointed 
to make provision for the reception and entertainment of the onlain- 
ing council, " honorable but not extravagant." Mr. Stiles was or- 
dained July 27, 1737, and £7 was allowed to Mrs. Throop (widow of 
his predecessor) for the entertainment.* 

Notwithstanding the pains which his people had taken to express 
their own sentiments respecting church govemment,t and assui'e them- 
selves of his sympathy, it was sotm evident that he was inclmed to 
the Saybrook form of discipline. Unlike their previous pastors, " who 
had been members of the Association of the neighboring ministers 
in Massachusetts Bay, and had no right, or vocation anywhere else." 
Mr. Stiles asked leave to attend the meeting of the Windham 
County Association in Connecticut, but, before he could obtain 
liberty was obliged " to declare in the presence of the church, that 
he had no meaning to sit among them as a member, nor to have any 
concern with them other than purely for his information and satis- 

♦ Mlas I^irned'8 Hut. of Windham, Qmn., I., p. 371-372. 

t 1737 [8] Feb. 15, •* Voted yt all i)6r8on9 who have been baptized lu this church when they 
came to Adult years shall be esteemed proi>er subjects of Church Discipline, and shall te dealt 
with as such by yo church. 

ABEL Stiles. Pastor. 



THi COHHiCTICUT FAMILY. 101) 

faction.'' Yet, notwithstanding the restriction he was under, and 
the assurance he had given the people of his innocent intentions, 
Mr. Stiles appeared before the Association at its meeting in Killingly, 
Aug. 1740, and "desired to be admitted as a member," but as 
Woodstock, was in Mass., and Association limits confined to the 
district of the county, he could not be received without any reserve, 
but ** was admitted to such privileges and benefits as were consistent 
with our civil establishment." This ecclesiastical connection excited 
much jeiilousy and apprehension, and Mr. Stiles was suspected of at 
tempting to set up their method of administration and church govern- 
ment among his people. Still greater imeasiness was occasioned by 
the question of salary. The town had agreed to give him ** the same 
as they gave Mr. Throop," but so unsettled was the currency that it 
was very difficult to ascertain the present worth of money. In less 
than six months after his settlement, Mr. Stiles was constrained to 
ask the selectmen to call a town meeting to consider their last vote 
respecting liis salary and settlement, and concert and agree upon some 
measure for a just and honest fulfillment of what the town had voted. 
At this meeting, December 5, 1737, Mr. Stiles sent the following 
letter : 

To the Town cf Witodstock, Asseinbled: 

Brethren beloved — I have lately been made sensible that what you have prom- 
ised is not equal to what you gave Mr. Throop; did not think that I should have so 
disagreeable a task as to say anything about my support; did not wish to be diverted 
from my beloved studies to enter upon disputes and debates about my support 
which would much discourage and dishearten me, and entreat you to do by me as 
you did by Mr. Throop, viz: to have some suitable person by whome we may know 
what silver is an ounce, that justice and equity might take place. 

Judge Chandler, Capt. Pay son, John May, Edward Morris and 
Nath. Sanger were thereupon chosen to wait upon the liev. Abel 
Stiles, and try and compromise with him. Mr. Stiles "had good 
evidence that silver was twenty- seven shillings an ounce, and that 
would satisfy him," and upon that basis their money affiiirs were 
adjusted. Mr. Stiles was married in 1739, and, as family burdens 
increased, was again constrained to apj^eal to the town : 

, Dec. 25, 1741. I take this opportunity to give the town a public in- 
formation of a personal difficulty, which perhaps you are not sufficiently acqnaint<^d 
with. In a word, the case is this -viz., what the town has been pleased to vote for 
my support I find to be not sufficient for that purpose. What I now inform you is 
not a matter of mere opinion, or of guess, but a matter of real experience nnd cer- 



110 TH£ STILES GiflEALOGY. 

tain knowledge. I have honestly endeavored to make it answer the end <in some 
tolerable de^^ee at least), hut I find it impossible to be done, and I am almnet tis- 
Bured you cannot much wonder at this if you duly consider the following things, viz., 
my necessary large expense, the great discount mmle upon all bills, the extraordinary 
price of all the necessaries and comforts of life. Add to all these, the unreasonable 
unhappy manner in which I have received what the town has voted me from time 
to time. This one thing has contributed greatly to my disadvantage, not only 
the last year, but also every year since I have been settled. This, the past and 
present treasurer, the past and present Cfmstables, can easily witness to. I do as- 
sure you that nothing but great necessity could force me to give you information. 
I am more sorry I am obliged to do this at a season in which I well know your 
burdens are very heavy, as you are a part of a Pro\ince now groaning under very sore 
calamities. I am sure I am unwilling to make any needless addition to your present 
burden if I could avoid it. I had much rather make it less than greater if I were able. 
I will first observe one plain truth, tyiz; Eitlier J must be supported by the town^ or some 
oUier way, or I must not be supported at all. * But I doubt not there is goodness, 
compassion, honor and religion in Woodstock enough to incline you to consider 
that I have offered, and in a proper time to act upon it that which will be suit- 
able in itself and abundantly satisfactory to me, who begs your prayers that he 
may be more and more able and willing to spend and be spent for your souls' good. 

ABEL STILES 

After long debate upon this communication, some seeming not 
to understand its meaning, the town voted to refer it to May meeting 
for consideration, and appointed a committee to desire Mr. Stiles to 
explain his meaning, and whether he desired some addition to his 
salary, or what he would have. Mr. Stiles explained, May 17, 1742, 
" That he did not send a petition, but remonstrance and information; 
had not a gospel support from his salary, presents and land; would 
not say what he did want, but what he wovld not have: 1. Unchrist- 
ian warm debates. 2. Anything that would cause uneasiness. "The 
town thought the law now standing regulated the value of silver, and 
that they ought to govern themselves by it in paying Mr. Stiles' 
salary, but voted "forty pounds to make him easier," and asked 
"if he were satisfied." Mr. Stiles replied, " That so far from being 
satisfied be was exceedingly dissatisfied. " The town wished the 
matter might be ** righted and the uneasiness removed," but was at 
a loss how to direct. Much unpleasant feeling was manifested; 
gentlemen were sure that they could be heard elsewhere and the 
difficulty arranged. At a town meeting called September 5, to con- 
sider the matter, Mr. Stiles sent a message, begging them to act 



* The Italics are our own— as Indicating the oharacterlstio fashion of plain speaking whlcli 
the older Stllee' seem to have had.— Ed. 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY, HI 

nothing till he had come into the meeting, and then desii-ed that 
there might not be any warm debate, declared that he had no de- 
mands on the tow-n and freely ^ave up all. The town ordered the 
salary made out at "26s.8d. per ounce" and made no further grant 
or addition.* 

Mr. Stiles was one of the organizers of the ** United Society or 
Company for Propagating Christian and Useful Knowledge" in 
Windham County, (1739); and, despite his ** insufficient salary" and 
"pecuniary embarrassments," was in 1746, the largest subscriber 
to the * 'English Library" estabUshed by the Society for the benefit 
of the towns of Woodstock, Pomfret, Mortlake and Killingly, and 
the western part of Thompson Parish. " Abel Stiles, clerk " 
appears on the subscription, against the sum of thirty pounds I This 
hbrary was subsequently divided between the above named towns. 

Mr. Stiles was a great lover of learning and communicated his 
enthusiasm for his beloved studies to some of his townsmen and 
parishioners, so that several of the young men were fitted for college 
under his supervision; among whom we may mention the following . 
graduates of Yale College : Nathaniel Draper and Thomas Brad- 
bury Chandler (ent. 1741); Joshua Chandler, Jr., (ent. 1743); Stephen 
Hohnes (ent. 1748); Jeremiah Child (ent, l753).t 

Against the great " Separatist" movement of 1740-60, he seems 
to have taken no active part; having, perhaps, enough troubles of 
his own on hand during that period to fuUy occupy his active and 
somewhat belligerent spirit. From the Woodstock First Society^s 
Records, we glean the following items, some of which seem to indi- 
cate a rather strained ccmdition of things between him and his 
people: 

1741, Sept. — "On the question whether the Society would 
Chuse any person to tune the Psalms in Publick, and they mani- 
fested their minds by a vote that they desired that M*" Stiles would 
do it if he pleased." 

Nov. 24, 1746 — "My Negro Servant Pompey and my Negro 
Servant Ann were Joyned in marriage by me. 

Abel Sules, Pastor." 



• Lamed'8 HUt. Windham, i., 879-382. 
t Larned'8 Hist, Windham Omnty, i., 484. 



112 TH£ ST/L£S G£if£AL06r, 

1749-50, Jau^ 16 — " A warraut for meeting to liaise money (if 
you see Cause) to purchase firewood for the Eev*^ Mr. Abel Stiles, 
(or bring wood if you see cause ) sufficic3<it for bis fire for one, two 
or three years, (or forever, if you see cause), in order to remove in 
Some measure the present Grief and Uneasiness of your Eev^ Pas- 
tor." Penuel i3owen. Clerk (p. 31). 

1750, Sei>t. 3—** In answer t4> y« letter sent by Mr. Stiles t<> y 
tii'st society in Woodstcx^k, We S;iy that jus to the ai-ticle firewixxl, 
Seperate from y® £110 in the Contrjut, as a Society we Know noth- 
ing alx)ut it — itt wfus always y^ pnictice of this people to do jis they 
1)1 eased about Wood, and it is so V(*t." Penuel Bowen, Cierty 
(p. 34). 

1750-51, Feb. 12.— ** Voted that four hundreil and 40 pmnds 
old tenor be given Mr. Stiles for the pi-es(nit year, and it past in the 
Negative. Voted 430 it it pust in the affiniiative. Another vote in 
the Negative, by a gi*eat Majonty.'' (p. 39). 

In the question of the tr.msfer of their civil allegiance from the 
government of the jNIjissachusetts to tliat of the Connecticut Colony 
which, from 1745-60, agibittnl the "indented to\\iis,''* (Enfield, Som- 
ers and JFoodsfocl',) Mr. Stiles wannly favored the movement, "and 
was ever ready to remind his people of the burdens laid uj>on them, 
as part of this afflicted Province. '"t The dispute as to jurischction 
finally resulted in their revolt from Mjissachusetts, though the mat- 
ter was not definitely settled until 176(), since which time they have 
been towns of Connecticut. 

In 1754r-5, Woodstock suffered severely from the epidemic of 
disease which swept over the Mew England States, and Mi\ Stiles 
lost two of his children, of whom he tenderly writes, Sophia " who 
t(X)k the way of the spirits unencumbered with flesh,'' and Abel 
"who slipped away from the land of the dying to the land of the 
living. " X Their detith was a severe blow, and extant letters to bis 
nephew. Rev. Ezra Stiles, reveal a spirit bowed down in deepest 
giief, yet submissive to the Divine will, with a child-like trustful- 
ness. 

* So called from the fact, on will be »eeu by reference to the older roar-s, thai these towns 
while in Massachusetts, sensibly projected iheiiiselves Into, or ind^ntni, the boundary line 
heiween that colony and (Connecticut, 

t Ihui. 1.487 * Ihid. 1 496, 



THE COMMBCTICUT FAMILY, 113' 

Domestic afflictions were not the only clouds upon his pathway. 
He was already drifting into another and serious ecclesiastical con- 
troversy with his people, which was to embitter the remainder of 
his ministerial career. We would willingly forego its narration; but 
it forms so intimate a portion of his life and is so characteristic of 
the man and of the times in which he acted his part, that it must 
needs be told, as briefly as may be. The full particulai-s of this con- 
troversy, extending over the years 1756, *57, *58, *59 and *60, may 
be gleaned (by any one desirous of studv-ing the natund history of a 
real old fashioned New England Church quaiTel) from a mass of 
musty documents " of learned length and thundering sound. '^ 
(numbered 158-203, vol. xi; 221-223, vol. xii, Title Ecclesiastical) in 
the archives of the Conn., State Library. See also Lamed^s Hisf^ 
Windliam. County, 

It seems that the early suspicion of Mr. Stiles' Saybrook 
Platform proclivities, entertained by his parishioners, had been con-^ 
siderably heightened by the transference of Woodstock to the juris- 
diction of Connecticut, and its consequent inclusion within the limits 
of the Windham Coimty Association. The Woodstock Church 
was greatly opposed to the Church Establishment of the Connecticut 
Colony, having formally manifested its determination to abide by 
the Cambridge Platform on which it was founded. Notwithstanding 
Mr. Stiles' assmrance " of his innocent intentions " in joining the 
Windham Co. Association, he had proceeded to act with that body 
as a member, and endeavored to bring his church under its juris- 
diction. Little is known of the eai'ly stages of the difliculty,* but 

* The foUowlng extracts from the Woodstock, Chttrch Beoords perhaps afford a clew as to these 
early stages, " July 2, 1751, " to enquire Into k consider ye grounds, & causes why ye Sacrement 
of ye Lord's Supper had been so long omitted by this Church " whereupon, *' The Pastor dis- 
tinctly laid before the Church the particular grounds and reasons," etc., "Among other 
things, the Paatorputthe following question to ye Brethren, viz., whether they thought this 
Church were now In a proper Condition for the administration of the Lord's Supper ? to which 
no antver weu made. " Evidently a '* home thrust. " 

At a subsequent meeting, Aug. 90, 1751, *' whereas some difficulty has arisen and oontlnuee 
from some expressions in a letter from the Society to their Pastor, dated Feb. 11, last, in order 
to see If ye Church were of the same opinion with what was contained in sd letter, this question 
was put, yl2., whether it be ye opinion of this CAA., that their Pastor has so great regard to his ovon 
SeeuUar interests, and so Utile regard to their spiritual interests yt could he he secured \f fire^wood he wotdd 
he very indifferent whether his public ministry was attended or not f passd in ye NegatlTC and in regard 
to what ye Pastor has offered to excuse his omitting to mention ye Sacrament &c.,and yt without 
OooBUltlng ye Church, their opinion was signified by passing the following vote, vis., Tho' we 
apprehend it would have been prudent had ye pastor consulted the Church, as what we Judge 
we have a right to expect from him, yet we don't suppose the omission or indiscretion so great 
as to break Communion, or to prevent the Lord's Supper, as soon as it can be oonvenlent. " 



114 THE STILES BEMEALOGT. 

by 1752, it had become so serious that a council was held, in which 
nine specific points of diflference were presented, and with great care 
and pains, satisfactorily adjusted. A mutual agieement was adopted, 
amnesty declared, and all discords and difficulties apparently buried. 
Yet, in less than a yejir, the controversy was re-opened by an overt 
act of Mr. Stiles. Himself a strict disciplinarian, and favoring a 
strong church government, he had been greatly annoyed from his 
first connection with the Woodstock Church by its lack of an expUcit 
covenant and rules of discipline. Mr. Dwight had kept possession 
of the original records of the church, and the paper signed by Mr. 
Throop was simply a promise, without specifications, **That the 
church should be manifested or carried on after the form in which it 
was gathered." Attempts to introduce a more definite form and rules 
had been hitherto unsuccessful, but now Mr. S., taking advantage of 
the unusual quiet and harmony, procured, in some way, "a copy of 
the original church covenant, and having added to it a postscript, 
adopting the substance of Cambridge Platform," vfithout previous 
warning or discussion, he presented it to the church, March, 1753, and 
called upon the brethren to receive it and subscril)e to it. How Mr. 
Stiles procured this *'copy" of a document which, more than a 
quarter of a century before, had been carried out of Woodstock and 
must have been consmned with Mr. Dwight's other papers in the 
" dissolution of his house by fire," and why it was necessary to add 
to it " a postscript embodying the substance of the Cambridge Plat- 
form," when it was simply an acknowledgement of that very Plat- 
form — were points which he did not attempt to elucidate, and 
which greatly perplexed the greater part of the church members. 
To them it seemed very unlike their original Constitution and 
very similar to the obnoxious Saybrook. A majority of those present 
" would by no means consent " to sign this paper, whereupon Mr. 
S., without giving time to consider and discuss so important a 
matter, or calling for a vote of the church, proceeded to sign 
it, with a small number of the brethren, and declared its adoption 
as the covenant of the church. 

This "strange and unprecedented act" of Mr. Stiles opened a 
breach that was never healed. His opponents rallied in great force 
against this doubtful covenant, and resolutely refused to acknowledge 
it. Mr. S., with great spirit, declined to make explanation or con- 
cession. Political and sectional feuds added bitterness to the con- 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY. 115 

troversy. Those gentlemen who liml protested against secession 
from the Massachusetts Government now took up aims for the 
original church covenant, while Connecticut sympathisers defended 
Mr. S. and his amendment, and soon '*all peace, unity and good 
agreement were wholly dastroyed and gone from among the people 
of the society and members of the church." The aggrieved breth- 
ren withdrew from Mr. S.'s preaching, and held meetings by them- 
selTBS, and as the ministers hired by them were opposed to the 
Saybrook Platform, they were stigmatized by the Stiles jmrty as 
"Separates." Councils were calleil, whose eainest endeavors to 
accommodate matters were frustrated, it is said, "mainly by the 
conduct and influence of the pastor," who openly declared, **That 
he would never pull off his coat and then ask leave whether he 
should put it on s^^ain." To his nephew, Ezra Stiles, afterwards 
President of Yale College, he writes, (June 25, 1753): 

"The spring of the controversy appears to be this— certain of my Lord 
Brethren, extremely fearful of being Priest-ridden, are attempting to be themselves 
thus priest-riders, the madness of which attempt may appear in the fable of Phaeton, 
but have already found it difficult to bridle, saddle, and ride the priest, according 
to their humor. Indeed they seem as angry with y© Priest as Balaam with hiff ass, 
and for no better reason. I endeavored to rebuke the meanest of my riders, but 
Solomon tells us of a certain creature that hateth reproof." 

Mr. Stiles was very eager to institute a course of discipline 
with these refractory members, and in 1754 submitted to the Wind- 
ham Association, "Whether the aggrieved membei-s of the "First 
Church in Woodstock, who had for some time absented themselves 
from the worship and commimion of that church, are speedily to be 
censured for such withdrawal?" The Association, probably con- 
scious that this withdrawal was not without cause, promptly replied 
in the negative, and upon the reiteration of this request, positively 
enjoined, **That the church wait awhile longer upon them, and pro- 
ceed not to censure without a council." After three years of strife 
and contention, the breach continually widening, the aggrieved 
brethren, seeing no possibility of reunion, felt it their duty to assert 
their rights and privileges, and obtain recognition as the First 
Church of Woodstock. A venerable council of churches carefully 
considered the circumstances, and having unsuccessfully attempted 
a coalition between the contending parties, advised to this course, 
and March 18, 1756, met in the meeting house and " set oflF" 23 
brethren and 21 sisters, as a " Church in regular form according to 



116 THE STILES OEMEALOOT, 

osual method." A committee was choseu to procure ** some meet 
person to labor among us in word anil doctrine," and '* their first 
choice fell somewhat unfortunately upon Mr. Curtis, of New IxHidon, 
a minister of well-known Separate proclivities. Public worship was 
now canied on by them in a constant manner and the ordinances of 
the Gospel administered among them by nympathizing neighboring 
ministers. Their meetings were well attended, their members in- 
crcjised, and it was claimed that nearly half the society attended 
with them. Petitions protferetl to the General Assembly, asking for a 
release from paying Mr. Stiles' salaiy and also for society privileges, 
received a prompt rejection. 

This ''amazing conduct" obliged Mr. Stiles to call a council, 
which declared " said incorporation to be null and void and too 
much like trifling with things sacred and momentous" and solemnly 
called upon the Separating brethren to repent and return to their 
duty; ** but all to no purpose," for " they continued their Separate 
meetings in private houses, contrary to Gospel rule and the good 
laws of the Colony, sadly affecting the peace of the Church and 
Society." In this lamentable situation, Mr. Stiles and his adherents 
" knew not what better to do than to direct their eyes, under Gkxi, 
to the Hon. Assembly of Connecticut," and after assuring it that he 
had never in one instance deprived the brethren of any privilege 
allowed them by the Cambridge Platform, but had taken great care 
to preserve the original constitution of the Church, adjured it to in- 
terfere **so far as to appoint an Ecclesiastic Council of ministers and 
delegates to hear and determine the differences. " Their opponents 
also appeared before this October session of the Assembly with a 
petition, signed by seventy-one members of the society, in which 
they forcibly detailed their grievance with Mr. Stiles and resmnption 
of church estate upon the basis of the first covenant; and, as they 
were now so large a society as to be well able to maintain and sup- 
port the Gospel in two places — their rates amounting to nearly thir- 
teen thousand pounds — prayed for a distinct separate society. 

This simple solution of a troublesome difficulty was rejected by 
the Assembly, "which taking into consideration their melancholy, 
divided estate, was of opinion that dividing them into two ecclesiastic 
societies will not tend to remove the difliculties, but ^vill be prejudicial 
to both civil and religious interests,'' and reccomended both parties " to 
agree in calling a council of elders and messengers that have not 



7H£ COMHECTICUT FAMILY. 117 

hitherto been applied to by either. " The large number of councils 
ah'eadj held in Woodstock, made it somewhat difficult to comply 
with this suggestion of the assembly, but having surmounted that 
obstacle its convention was rendered useless by a technical point 
that could not be adjusted. Mr. Stiles after securing his quota 
of fresh messengers and elders, invited his opponents as '* Separating 
brethren" to appear before them. These brethren, now formally 
recognized as the repi-esentatives of the original church of Woodstock, 
would not compromise their standing by accepting this opprobious 
appellation, and after much quibbling and sparring the council 
came to naught In the following January, the Old- Covenant Party 
agreed to unite in calling a council, '^ provided the same shall consist 
of Congregational Churches, such as are settled upon and regulated 
by Cambridge Platform — which constitution and no other, we ac- 
knowlege ourselves to be under. " Mr. Stiles in reply showed : 

" L That they called a council, invited the people and made proposals which were 
refused. 

"U. We have repeatedly offered to join with you in a Congregational Council 
and never propK>8ed any other, and are still desirous to join with you in calling a 
Council not hither applied to by either.'* 

He further expressed his unfeigned sorrow that the wounds were not healed; 
considered them visible Christian brethren; as Christians have an interest neither 
essentially separate. ** Our interest is to unite in the love and service of Christ and 
each other. Many things in the aspect of Providence at this time [the war, prevail- 
ing sickness, the death of his own children and brother ministers] unite, and lift 
up their voices and beseech us to sheath the sword and prevent the bitterness of 
mutual destruction. Under a solemn sense of these mighty and interesting truths, 
let us determine that nothing on either side shall be lacking to effectuate accomo- 
dation. " 

Had Mr. Stiles followed his own precepts, accommodation 
might, perhaps, even then been effected; but this very document was 
marred by disingenuous quibbling. His opponents had refused to 
join in the prescribed council because he had persisted in calling 
them to it under a title which they could not acknowledge, and his 
councils of Saybrook Platform churches were not Congregational as 
they understood the term. The indignant brethren accused Mr- 
Stiles of a want of honesty in his statements, and wished him to de- 
fine what he meant by Congregationalism. 

They meant ''Congregational churches settled upon Cambridge Platform, or such 
as acknowleged such Platform for their rule without any special regard for any 
other rule of human institution, though they do not come up to i% in every article — 
which constitution the Woodstock church agreed to in the first settlement tiU tb<^ 



118 TH£ STILES GEtiEMLOOY. 

late alteration made by yourselves, which we think very unwarrantable and un- 
justifiably done * * * * and we desire you to understand that we shall not ad- 
mit of any persons or churches to sit as a council on this present controversy but 
those of our own constitution, and hope you will give over tiny future thought 
that we shall be brought to consent to do ourselves so much wrong as to comply 
with any other proposal. 

Mr. StileR saw by this reply, " That they were fully deternimed 
not to comply with the direction of the General Assembly." On the 
contrary, declare the brethren, "We have always wished a conn- 
cil of Congre<^ational churches, and tlesire you would meet us at the 
meeting-house, March 9, 1757." Mr. Stiles stated conditions such 
as the brethren "had always denied and could not comply with." 
The brethren insisted upon points which Mr. Stiles would in no 
measure a^ee to — especially with reference to overhauling the dif- 
ferences prior to the settlement of 1752. Failing in all attempts 
even to initiate negotiation, both parties again repaired to the As- 
sembly and represented their several hardships. The Old Covenant 
adhei-ents declared that they only persisted in adhering to the 
above-said ancient covenant, while the adverse party had actually 
gone oflF therefrom and assumed another form of discipline essen- 
tially diflferent, "the same being obvious to every inquiring mind 
without much labor to come at the knowledge of it," and begged the 
Assembly 

<*To consider the inconsistency of tl^e thing in its own nature, and the violence 
that must be done to our consciences, in that we should be compelled to uniformity 
with a minister and his adherents who have so far departed from the ancient order, 
and be made to suffer for abiding in the same after so long an usage therein in con- 
formity with the sister churches throughout the Province of which we were a part 
when first embodied in church estate, and were since the changing government still 
conscientiously holding the same form of worship. " 

Thus circumstanced, they had confidence in the Act allowing 
certain privileges to dissenting churches, and as the first society in 
Woodstock was sufficient in numbers and abilities to compose two 
societies, 

** Prayed and entreated to be set off as a distinct society, both in respect of civil 
and ecclesiastical order, liberty, and privilege, or, if you disapprove that, into two 
societies locaUy divided, though this expedient mighi not remove all the troubles 
your petitioners are groaning under. " 

Mr. Stiles solemnly reiterated his denial of having in any man- 
ner departed fmm the original constitution of the church, and fur- 
ther testified : 



TH£ COMMBCTtCUT FAMILY, 119 

**That the separating brethren continued their separate meetings in a priyate 
house, contrary to the laws of this Goyemment and for a length of time have em- 
ployed Mr. Curtis for their Teacher, whose praise in times past has been at New 
London and New Haven and no less now at Woodstock. Moreover they publicly 
boast their resolution of speedily building a meeting-house and have already pro- 
vided materials, and carried considerable quantities of timber to the very place where 
a meeting-house is to be erected and is not all this a demonstration of their utmost re- 
luctance to any method of procedure not countenanced and loarranted by the Assembly. 
And though they mention their submission to the jurisdiction of this Govern- 
ment, they almost compel us to say that it is well known some of their leaders and 
principal managers, since their forced submission to this Government, discovered a 
like dissatisfaction to its civil coTislitution as to the original constitution of this church, 
and from what was openly spoken at Freeman's meeting here last month, we have 
good reason to conclude * it will be no part of their sorrow if next Thursday should 
discover a mournful demise of some who deservedly till the principal seats of the 
Legislature.' An impartial council, to examine all matters of grievances that have 
fallen out since our settlement in 1752 * * * * would best subserve the interests of 
"religion. " 

Quite lilcely, Mr. Stiles, with all his tact and shrewdness, some- 
what over-rejujhed himself in these insinuations a^^ainst the loyalty 
and orthodoxy of his opponents. The Qovemment of Connecticut 
might be more dispose. I by them to conciliate a people so recently 
received under its jurisdiction, and of whose " suddenness and reso- 
lution of temper" it had such abundant proof; nor could it scarcely 
be made to believe that a movement led by such men as Chandler, 
Holmes, Payson^ Morse and Skinner, was nothing more than a mere 
Separate outbreak. So serious seemed the difficulty, that it nomi- 
nated a number of prominent ministers — the Reverend Messrs. 
Peter Reynolds, of Rnfield; Elnathan Whitman, of Hartford; James 
Lock wood, of Weathersfield; Freegrace Leavett, of Somers, and 
Ebenezer Gay, of Suffield, to repair to Woodstock with messengers 
from their several churches, as a council to hear the contending par- 
ties. The council convened, September 6, 1757, and came to this 
result: 

** It seems to us that Mr. Stiles has been guilty of imprudence in several in- 
stances, has treated some of the aggrieved with too much harshness and severity 
both in public and private. Brethren not to be justified for withdrawing. Mr. Stiles 
guilty of no offence disqualifying him for the ministry; advises Mr. Stiles to make 
some reflections upon himself for his imprudent conduct, and endeavor to avoid all 
occasion of offence in future by treating all his people as becomes a minister of the 
Qospel, with condescension and respect; advises the aggrieved brethren to return to 
the communion of the church again. If Joseph Griggs will publicly own in presence 
of this council the confession contained in the result of a former council, the church 
will take off his censure and restore- him to communion. Recoommend pastor and 



120 THE STtLiS OiK EULOGY. 

brethren to live in the mntoal exercise of forbearance and stady things that make 
for peace. Mr. Stiles to say — * I freely own that in several instances I have been im- 
prudent in my conduct towards my people and have treated some of them with very 
unbecoming rashness and severity, and been wanting in the exercise of that meek- 
ness and gentleness which becomes a Gospel minister, which I desire may be over- 
looked and forgiven, and it shall be my care and endeavor to give no occasion to any 
to be offended with me. ' But in case this advice does not attain the desired end, as 
the peace of the church is of great importance, and these difficulties have been of 
long continuance and appear to us very great, after waiting three months to see if 
peace cannot be obtained, they would advise Mr. Stiles to resign his office among the 
people as a means to promote their peace and edification. Advise all parties to avmd 
everything that may have a tendency to inflame the divisions or increase the aliena- 
tion and use their utmost earnest endeavors to promote a happy union. 
Sept. 27, 1757. ** 

This excellent advice, as might be expected, had no influence 
whatever, and was almost imheeded. Mr. Stiles did not make 'the 
humble little confession prescribed, nor take off Joseph Grigg's 
censure, nor even read the result of the Council to his aongr^;ation; 
nor did the aggrieved brethren make any overtures of reconciliation. 
Only one attempt was made to effectuate accommodation. Though the 
Council did not formally pronounce judgment upon the rejected Stiles- 
covenant, they examined it in private, and "for peace's sake" drafted 
a substitute which they hoped might suit all parties, and accordingly 
near the expiration of the three months the following letter was sent 
to the committee, "to communicate to Separates": 

'•Whereas, in your memorial you complain of our departing from the original 
constitution respecting discipline as a principal ground and reason of your petition, 
and whereas an ecclesiastic council did publicly acquit us — notwithstanding, said 
council were pleased to draft a covenant for us. Therefore we inform you that we 
have examined the same and are willing to accept it, on condition of your returning 
to the worship and communion of the church, and on your return promise to receive 
you. If you desire a conference we are willing to attend it at any proper time and 
place. 

Abel Steles, Dec. 7. 1757. 

This proposition was not even considered by the Old-Covenant 
party. They were now utterly opposed to reunion upon any terms 
whatsoever, and had Mr. Stiles signified his willingness to sign the 
Throop agreement, or even the Cambridge Platform itself, they would 
scarcely have gone back to him. It was not a question of Platform, 
but of will and sections. The South fought for division and the North 
for imion, and each section was determined to have its own way. A 
majority of the church members apparently favored Mr. Stiles, but 
in the society parties were nearly balanced. Three months having 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 121 

passed without the return of peace, according to the advice of the 
Council, Mr. Stiles was to resign his ministerial office, but that was 
agreeable neither to him or his adherents.* At a society meeting, 
Dec. 12, the Stiles parby "by a bare majority, " elected the com- 
mittee and proceeded to vote the usuaj sum for his support. The 
church adhering to him, also voted Dec. 17, "That it would not be 
for our peace and edification for Eev. Mr. Stiles to be dismissed, but 
the contrary. " A request was immediately sent to the society com- 
mittee to warn a meeting " that the minds might be known about Mr. 
Stiles' dismission, " at which, after fair and open debate, it was voted 
"That Mr. Stiles should resign, by a majority of more than two to one." 
Flushed by this triumph, the anti-Stiles party asked for another 
meeting to reconsider the vote of Dec. 12, and take some care for 
supplying the pulpit, but the committee refused to warn it, whereby 
pubUc affairs were involved in great confusion. In May, both parties 
again appealed to the Assembly, each giving its own version, and 
declaring, "That not we, but the other parties are the only cause that 
peace is not restored." The Assembly declined to remove Mr. 
Stiles, nullify the salary vote, or divide the society, but took no 
measure '* to vindicate the Result of Council, and order the same to 
be carried into effect." Thus left to themselves, the strife 
waxed hotter and fiercer. The anti-Stiles party, embracing most of 
the inhabitants of Woodstock Hill and South Woodstock, gained 
upon their opponents. Their conventions for pubUc worship on the 
Lord's day, but a few steps from the meeting-house, greatly dis- 
turbed Mr. Stiles and his diminishing congregation, t At the an- 



* January 15, 1759. Voted to enquire on what tenuB Mr. Stiles will resign. 
Answer : I am willing to quit and Resign my Pastoral relation to all in this place who 
DOW desire I should do so, upon Condition those who do not now Desire it are metde Easie & 
Satiflfled with my resignation and my Temporal Damage in Removing be Adjusted. 

Signed, ABEL Stilbb. 

W. First 8oa Rec. 

t Mr. Stiles seems, at this time, to have tendered his resignation, as appears by extracts 
from the Church Records. " At a Ohh. meeting, December 27, 1757, To consider and give their 
opinion with respect to the pastor's resignation of his office Arc. After prayer to €k>d and 
serious deliberation upon the alt&ir, The Brethren by unanimous vote came into ye following 
resolve, viz : We are abundently satisfied (and as we think upon good reason which we are 
ready to give when properly requested) that it will not be for our peace and edification for the 
Rev. Mr. Stllee, our pastor, to be dismissed, but of the contrary tendency; for this and many 
other reasons, we can by no means consent that he should resign his pastoral offloe among us. " 

'DuiU, ABEL Stiles, Pastor. 

N. B.— The Resolve above was in consequence to a question then put to the Brethren, by the 



122 TH£ STILES GENEALOGY. 

nual society meeting in December, it was voted, by a majority of ont\ 
" That they would not grant any tax on said inhabitants for the pay- 
ment of Rev. Mr. Stiles' salary. " At their next meeting they went 
a step further, and voted to assess all the estates for the support of 
a minister, and in spite of protest and resistance proceeded to collect 
it from all the inhabitants. The belligerents now broke out into 
open warfare. The Stiles party were in turn forced to pay for the 
support of their opponents. CoUectors levied taxes from the whole 
society, and apphed the same to ** private use of majority." Appeals 
to the County Court were unsuccessful, that body judging the as- 
sessments unlawful, but that the Assembly only could give relief. 
Again in December, 1759, the society refused to pay Mr. Stiles' 
salary, and granted a rate for society expenses. Gaining boldness 
with numbers it now threatened to take possession of the meeting- 
house. Richard Flynn was chosen key-keeper, and Samuel Chandler 
and CoL John Payson a committee to wait upon Mr. Cooper, and 
to desire him to deliver up the key of the meeting-house — and if 
he refuses, to demand the same. Mr. Cooper refusing both request 
and demand, Zebulon Dodge was requested to take off the lock, and 
put on another, and deUver the key to Mr. Flynn, the appointetl 
keeper of the meeting-house. The friends of Mr. Stiles now found 
it extremely difficult to maintain their footing, obliged, as they were 
to pay society rates and their own church expenses. The fiercest 
bitterness, rancor and enmity prevailed. Well might Mr. Stiles 
exclaim, ** I sojourn in Mesheck, and dwell in the tents of Kedar. * * * 
My lot is yet among the Amorites, encompassed with storms, and 
the Zanzummins, whose arms appear to be that of pricks in my 
eyes, and thorns in my side. Nothing saves me from ruin but the 
horrid, iniquitous measiu-es taken to destroy me." Yet notA^dth- 
standing "the scourge of malignant tongues," Mr. Stiles "had no 
thought of attempting to leave his j)eople, for in general they ap- 
peared friendly, and the l>etter sort resolutely attached to him " — 
but unflinchingly maintained his ground, even when the meeting- 
house and pulpit were invaded. At a meeting of the inhabitants 



pastor. In theee words, tIz.. are you so tar saiisfled it will be tor your peace and edlflcatioa for 
me to resign my pastoral relation, as that you are willing to Join with me In calling a Council 
tor yt purpcise? 

On the 27 tb of December, 1780, the Rev. Joshua JohnBon was ordained as CoU^agu^ \ astor 
with Rev. Mr. Stiles, the members ot the church, at that time, in tuil communion, numbering 76. 



TH£ CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 123 

of the Fii-st Society of Wootlstock, Feburary 4, 1760, it was voted: 

•* I. That the Society meet in the meeting-house on Lord's day for public wor- 
ship for the future. 

IL That there be a committee chosen to supply the pulpit, till further orders, 
in the place of Mr. Stiles. 

III. That Mr. Samuel Chandler be a committee to supply the pulpit with some 
suitable person to preach, and that the clerk serve Mr. Stiles with a copy of the 
transactions of this Society, that he may know the minds of the Society, and so not 
presume to go into the desk on Lord's day to disturb the Society in the public wor- 
ship, as he has heretofore done. " 

This act of ejection was forcibly carried out. In the face of 
this injunction, Mr. Stiles did presume to go into the desk, ahready 
appropriated by the Society's minister, and tradition reports a 
disgraceful collision — angry belligerents attempting to haul the rival 
ministers from the pulpit; — a free fight raging through the contested 
meeting-house; the women joining in the fray, exchanging cuffs, 
pulling oflf caps and bonnets till the Stiles party, overcome by 
numbers, were forced to yield possession. This rencontre cleared 
the air and virtually ended the controversy. The friends of Mr. 
Stil^ at length saw the folly of coercion, and reluctantly yielded to 
the will of the majority. In response to a petition asking for the 
annulment of rates, the Assembly ordered all further proceedings 
suspended, and appointed William Pitkin, Jabez Hamlin and 
William Wolcot to use their best endeavors to. accomodate and make 
a settlemeni The committee met on July 10, and fully heard the 
matters of difference. No prospect appeared that the whole society 
would be united in, or content with the present minister, but on the 
contrary, both parties were willing to facilitate division. Under any 
circumstances, this division could be deferred but a few years, and 
the committee judged it expedient to effect it at once, and arranged 
the following terms: 

** L AU that part of first society lying north of an east and west line dividing 
between Ale north and south proprietors, shall be a distinct ecclesiastic society to 
maintain and support the Bev. Mr. Stiles during his continuing their minister. 
Inhabitants of north part pay to Mr. Stiles such of his salary after the expiration of 
the present yearly service, until the said north part shaU be constituted a society, 
and then the inhabitants shall pay their tax to such society to which they belong, 
yet any such person to have liberty to attend divine service in the other society, that 
they shaU not be accounted disorderly therein. 

n. That out of the money already granted by first society Mr. Stiles be paid his 
last year's salary. 

IIL Ab to meeting-house now standing in first society, said first society, south 
part, shall pay and refund to north part, after constituted a society, a hundred 



124 THE STILES GEHEALOGY. 

pounds as their part and proportion of the meeting-hoose, viz. : fifty pounds when 
north society shall have their meeting-house raised, and fifty more when meeting- 
house is covered and enclosed. 

IV. As soon as the Oeneral Assembly shall constitute north part a society, the 
meeting-house shall be relinquished by north society to south, so that neither north 
part or their minister shall have any further right or calling therein. 

V. All the utensils belonging to church and communion-table shall be equally 
divided between the two societies. 

The subscriber, present pastor of said first church in Woodstock, hereby mani- 
fest my free consent to the division of said society on terms above expressed, but 
yet would not be understood to have the former covenant between me and society 
any way altered or vacated until such division be accomplished. 

Abel Stiubs. 

We, the subscribers appointed by first society, having considered the impossi- 
bility of having matters of difference settled while we remain in our present situa- 
tion, in order to have peace restored, and mutual love and friendship for the future 
subsist amongst us, come into the foregoing agreement 

Isaac Johnson, John Mobss, 

Pabkbr Mobse, ' Nathaniel Child, 

John Mat, Elisha Child. 

Woodstock, Jvly 20, 1760." 

The report of the committee was accepted by the Assembly, and 
the North Society of Woodstock duly set oflF and incorix)rated in the 
following October. Thus, after so many years <jf strife, the difficul- 
ties were adjusted. Apparently the settlement was as equitable as 
could have been devised. The North part had the minister and the 
South part the meeting house; the North took the church, the South 
the society records, and both retained the title of the '* First Church" 
of Woodstock.* 

Mr. Stiles remained pastor of the North Parish, called Muddy 
Brook, in what is now known as East Woodstock, imtil the 
failure of his health (always infirm) rendered some assistance neces- 
sary, and the Rev. Joshua Johnson (Y. C. 1775) was ordained as his 
colleague, December 27, 1780. For several years before his death, 
the aged pastor's soul, through bodily indisposition, was enveloped 
in clouds of doubts and temptations, painful to himself and to bis 
acquaintances; and, during this period, he voluntarily relinquished 
the maintenance due from his people, and for which he felt that he 
was unable to render them an equivalent service. 

The house in which Mr. Stiles lived, in East Woodstock, is still 
standing, within a few rods of the church and directly opposite to the 



• Larned's HUt. of Windkam Co., Ct. v. 1. 




REV. ABEL STILES, 

PASTOR OF THE CHURCH IN WOODSTOCK, CT. 
1737-1783. 

From the original painting by John Trumbull, 

in possession of Dr. N. M. Freeman, 

New York City. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAM/LT. 125 

grave-yard. It is a large, square house with an "L" addition; has 
always been kept in good repair, and is to-day equal to any of the 
modem houses in the place. It is now (1886) owned and occupied 
by Mr. Herl)ert S. Giflford, merchant. Registrar of Deeds and Town 
Clerk. 

His nephew, the President, thus freely sketches him in the 
Family MSS.: 

'* A man of little stature, a most passionate, impatient & unhappy 
Temper — full of Fire, Sarcasm <fe Satire, which he dealt unmerci- 
fully to all around him, especially to those who excited his Resent- 
ment. This brought upon him much ill Treatment from his pple ct 
Chh., which made him veiy unhappy. He was a man of Integrity, 
Learning & Good Sense, & would have done much good if he could 
have governed his Temper. He had a Talent at Telling humorous 
& entertaining Stories, and so, indeed, had all the family, which 
makes me think they took this from their Mother, for the Bancrofts 
have a Turn for Story telling of an inqoceut and humorous kind. At 
Seasons of Festivity, no man was more cheerful <fe social He lost 
all his children but one, at which none ever mourned more deeplj^; 
he received the gi*eatest Insults, under which none ever shewed less 
Patience or more ii^censed Resentment. In a word all his Passions 
of every kind were intense to the highest degree. He gathered an 
Estate of above a Thousand Pounds Sterling [mentioned at £1,748], 
which was greater than ever a Stiles possessed."^ 

Yet, notwithstanding the long years of Strife between him and 
his people, which had so signally emphasized these defects in his 
character, it is evident that he largely enjoyed their respect The 
following tribute paid to him, at his death, in the Neiv London 
Oazette, August 22, 1783, would probably have been accepted as cor- 
rect and truthful, even by his late parochial antagonists : 

" In him uncommon strength of genius and superior capacity 
were refined and brightened by a learned education; by application 
his classic knowledge became extensive, his acquirements in natural 
and moral philosphy considerable, in divinity eminent. Diligent 
and critical in his researches into the holy scriptures, he was hei-eby 
furnished for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for insti-uction in 
righteousness, and singularly for prayer, in which he became wiser 



* Except, Mr. Francis Ktllee, of Woodbury. 



126 THE COMMECTICUT FAHHILY. 

than all his teachers. As a preacher, his descriptions were clear, his 
admonitions weighty, his exhortations solemn; and both his prayers 
and discourses strikingly adapted to unexpected and incidental occa- 
sions. He proved himself the scribe well instructed unto the king- 
dom — apt to teach — instructive in conversation, the sincere, steady 
friend, parent and husband; and although hasty in his natural tem- 
per, yet sensible of this constitutional defect, and frequently reflect- 
ing on himself with penitence and prayer, he showed the tender, 
compassionate, benevolent, good man." 

A number of his letters, preserved among the MSS. of his 
nephew. President Stiles, in Yale College Library, give ample evi- 
dence of the mingled sprighthness and pathos of his nature, his 
strong family aflfection, sincere piety and sterling sense. He loved 
classical literature and all curious lore, and many of his letters are 
largely written in the Latin, which he wrote freely although not with 
the elegance of his brother, the Rev. Isaac, or his nephew, the Rev. 
Ezra. One of these letters we have thought fit to present our 
readers, on account of its references to the ecclesiastical warfare 
which he had so long waged, as well as for its humorous and sympa- 
thetic tone. It is addressed to his nephew Ezra, then a pastor at 
Newport, R. I., and refers to a project which the latter then had on 
hand, but which he never fully completed, of writing an Ecclesiastical 
History of New England : 

WcioDSTocK, Feb. 18, 1764. 
REyi> Sib k Dear Kinsman: 

The Books you sent me, I have, & return you Thanks— Quamplarimas. Like- 
wise your Letter reached me about 2 months after y« day of its Date. The Books I 
have perused with no smaU satisfaction, tho' it appears to me that yon k 1 don't 
think exactly alike about Cambridge Platform —and, if yon shall be continued, as 
God grant you may, till you are as gray as your Uncle Abel, perhaps you'll alter 
some of your sentiments relative to Ecclesiastical Government. I will bear in mind 
that young Elihu wisely remarked the mistakes of those who w^ere older than he ; 
yet, I trust Elihu learned the longer he livd k so will Ezra no doubt — As to your 
request, y' I would Collect k send you y« Results of Councils in this County, for 
y« last 50 years, and yt you have thoughts of writing a brief history of Ecclesiastical 
Councils in N. England, I will briefly reply, viz. : I have sundry Results by me of 
Woodstock Councils for nearly 20 years past, and suppose I could, in time, collect 
y« greater part of the Results in y^ County. But let me query, suppose you had all 
the Results in N. England for ye last 50 years: In y© Name of Sixpence, I pray tell 
me what sort of Alembick would you make use of in order to produce what you caU 
a brief history of N. England Councils. Surely you must have a Chymical Talent 
to perfection, if you can make your History less contracted than y« voluminoiis 



THE CONNECTICUT FAHHILY- 1'27 

SynopBiH Criticorum —for, should you confine your history to the Councils in Wood- 
stock afored, theyd furnish & suggest matter enough for a volume equal to Father 
Cooper's Anatomy— eryo what would you find wide enough to Contain the Books to 
be wrote on the remaining Results ? As to Results in Woodstock since 1 came here 
they appear to me as contrary as the Good & Bad Figs in Jeremiah's Vision, some of 
ym very Good, others very bad. Nor do I think it is in ye power of mortals to pre- 
vent Erroneous & Injurious Results. In a word, were I half so sure that a Historj' 
of N. England Councils would prevent future mistakes, as 1 am of having been 
epeatedly injured by past results, I should with utmost cheerfulness send you all 
ye Results y^ I am able to Collect.— But, perhaps, you can give me that light as to 
your design as will quite altef my present sentiments. 

Touching my personal & Domestick circumstances they are Comfortable — the 
long uproar with respect to me hath ceased, since the Division of the Society — I 
am at peace ^ith my people. 

Pray let me hear from you once in a while, and oftener if you can. Mrs. Stiles 
and Alethea Joyn me in salutations to you A. Mrs. Stiles. * * * * In your next 
don't fail of sending me an Exact List of how many Duzen Children you have by 
this time. But ye time fails«t: I must break off —with peace be with you and yours 
always, thus prays your true A; real 

Abel Stiles. 

Mr. Stiles' only published works were : . 

L ** A Sermon [from Eph. iii. 8] preached at liehoboth, (in the Province of 
Massachusetts Bay.) May 14, 1766; at the Ordination of the Reverend Mr. Ephraim 
Hyde, Pastor of the First Church in that Town. By Abel Stiles, M. A., and Pastor 
of the First Church in Woodstock. Providence, in New England; Printed by Sarah 
Goddard and Company, 1767." 24 pages. 

XL Death God's Monitor to the Living, Illustrated and improved, in a Sermon 
[from Hebr. xi. 4] Occasioned by the sudden Death of Mr. Elisha Lyon, and deliv- 
ered the Sabbath next wfter his Death, Oct. 18, 1767. Providence, 1768. 8vo. 

In the old burying-ground at East Woodstock are the tomb- 
stones of the Bev. Abel, his wife and daughter. ** The stones are 
erect, clean and remarkably well preserved, the inscriptions being as 
plain as the day they were cut. The monuments are each about 
three feet high and decorated, after the manner of that day, at the 
top, with the heads of angels with the anatomical peculiarity of wings 
in the place of ears." {Letter of Dr, Geo. A, Bowen, July 30th, 
1886). The inscriptions are as follows : 

Sacred to the Memory of 

the Revd Abel Stiles 

who was ordained to the Gk>fpel 

Miniftry in this Town AD 1737 

having ferved God & his Generation 

thro' a courfe of 46 years Ministr>^ 

he refted from his labors July 25*^ 

AD nas in the 75^ vear of his Age. 



The Mi*mory of the Just 
fball be*BlefsedI 



128 THE STILES OEHEMLOGY. 

In Memory of 
Krs AlHhea StilM 
Relict of the late 
Revd Abel Stiles 
Who departed this life 
Febnr 17U» 1786 
In the 79ti Year 
of her Age 



This Monument is Sacred 
To the Memory of 
Mrs Alithoa Marcy 
only daughter k child of 
the Revd Abil Stiles 
who departed this Life 
Jan«T 27«» AD: 1784, 
in the 39^1 Year of her Age 

Princes this clay must be yonr bed 

In spite of all your Tow'rs, 

the tall, the wise, the Revd head, 

must lie as low as Ours. 

Mrs. Stiles was the daughter of Rev. John Robinson (Harv. 1695) 
and his wife Hannah Wiswall, of Kingston, near Plymouth, Mass. 
She was bom in Duxbury, Mass., and was married to Mr. Stiles m 
1740, her parents being then residents of Lebanon, Conn. Mrs. 
Stiles was admitted to the Church at Woodstock, October 2, 1744, 
by letter from the Church at Dudley. 

The Rev. Mr. Stiles' will, dated July 28, 1773, gives to his 
daughter, Althea L. Marcy, £0.20s.0d; to his wife his real and per- 
sonal estate. Witnesses, Peter Child, Stephen May, Nathaniel Child- 
By a codicil, he gives to his grand-daughter, Sophia Marcy. Witness, 
Nathaniel Child, Joshua Johnson, Asa Child. 

Children {all horn in Woodstock, Conn.) : 

144. I. Abel,' bom June 6, 1741, (bap. 7th); died Aug. 29, 1744. 

145. II. Alethea,' bom 4 (bap. 30th) July, 1743; died Aug. 22, 

1744. 

146. III. Alethea,' bom 9 (bap. 14th) July, 1745; was very care- 

fully educated by her father, who even taught her in 
the Latin language. In Tale College Library, among 
the Pres, Stiles' MSS., is a charming letter addressed 



THE COUUeCTICUT FAKHILY. 129 

to him by this little girl (for she was then but ten 
and a hfdf years old), dated Dec. 22, 1755, in which 
she says : '*• Since I came home my tender father 
keeps me to my books and I have once more 
gone throw Eutropius and am now in ComeUus Ne- 
pos. My father has made a short History from 
Eutropius by way of Quest & Answer and set me to 
get it by heart. In wich short History I have 
learned the following things, viz.: [She then proceeds 
in childish language to narrate some of the historical 
data which she had acquired, and concludes] I am 
with regard your little cousin who lives while my 
brother and sister are dead, 

Alethea Stiles. 

She was admitted to the Woodstock Church 30 
May, 1762; and married (" unhappily," says Dexter 
Tale Biog, and Annals) 29 Oct., 1764, Hadlock 
Marcy (Y. C. 1761), of Woodstock. Isme: 

147. i. Sophia ;5 m, Maj. Fox, 1783. 

Mrs. Alethea (Stiles) Marcy died Jan., 1784, » 39. 

148. IV. Abel,' bom 11 (bap. 13) March, 1748; died Dec. 13, 

1754. 

149. V. Sophia,' bom 20 (bap. 25) March, 1749-50; died Dec. 

4, 1754. 

FAMILY 10. 

150. Isaac* Stiles, [64] {Ephraim^ John^ Johny^) bom at 
Westfield, Mass., Oct. 6, 1696; married (1) Mary Brooks, his cousin, 
Dec. 22, 1720,* who died Oct. 21, 1734. He married (2) Deborah 
Hermon,t of Suffield, Conn., May, 1757. He resided in Westfield, 
Mass., and died Oct. 4, (or 9 ?) 1790, ». 94. 

* '* Isaac Stllee and Mary Brooks had their names entered with their Intention of marriage, 
and also publication made as the law directs upon Noy. 1Q, 1700. Isaac Stiles and Mary Brooks 
above mentioned were joined in marriage by John Ashley, of Westileld, Justice of the Peace, 
upon Dea 22, VlTa.—WettJidd Records. 

t Westfield Records (1885) read Wamum (doubtful?) ; Intention of marriage entered May 1, 
1757. 



130 THE STILES 6EMEML0GY. 

Children {all by first vnfe, and all bom at IVeMfield, Mass,):* 

151. L Abigail,' born March 26, 1724 ; married Thomas 

Hanchitt, of WestBelJ, Mjiss., Sept 20, 1753, and 
died April 7, 1754. Issiu^ : 

152. i. Abigail/ b. Feb. 26, 1754, who died Sept 9, 1756. Pr«w. 

Stiles' MSS. 

153. II. Isaac,' bom Jmie 23, 172(5; married (1) Experience 

Lanckton ; married (2) Wid. Mabel Bancroft. 
Family 16. 

154. IIL Maioin,' bom July 17, 1728; married Dorcas Adams. 

Family 17. 

155. IV. Daniel,' l)om Oct. 17, 1721); died Oct. 12, 1731. 

156. V. LsKAEL,' bom May 27, 1731; married Dorcas White, 

Family 18. 

157. VI. Daniel,' bom Jan. 20, 1732-3; married Amy Hillyer- 

Family 19. 

158. VII. Mary,' bom Sept. 6, 1734; man-ied (1) David Birch, 

of Simsbury, Conn., May 24, 1757; no issue. She 
married (2) Phinehas Southwell, of Suflield, Conn., 
1762. Issue : 

159. i. Phinehar,« b. 1763. 

Mrs. Mary (Stiles) Southwell died Feb. 25, 1801. 

FAMILY 11. 

160. Ephraim* Stiles, [65], {Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) bom 
at Westfield, Mass., Dec. 5, 1699; man-ied (1) Mary Fowler, of 
Westfield, Jan., 1723,t who died Feb. 1, 1735-6; he married (2) 
Aug. 5, 1736,t Jemima Meacham, of Enfield, Conn., bom 12 
April, 1709, and removed from Westfield to Pittsfield, Mass., about 
1758, according to Pras. Stiles' MSS.; but the Hist, of Western Mass. 

* •• The nativities of his children I extracted from the Westfield Reoorda, confirmed to m© 
oy himself in 1764 " Prfg. Stihs' MSS.): further conflNuod by me In 18S5.--/f. R. S. 

t Intention of marriage entered Dec. 15, 17*22.— »*>«</»>/// RrcortU. 

t Intention of marriage entered July 17, 17:)6. •• Kphralm Stiles and Jemima Meacham 
were Joined In marriage by the Rev. Peter Reynolds, of Enield, Aug 3, nd6." —West/i'Jd R^cnrd*. 



TH£ COHHECTICUT FAMILY. 131 

(ii. p. 548) names him among those who, in 1754, fled from Pittsfield 
to Stockbridge for safety before an Indian invasion, and the Hist of 
Pittsfield (p. 112) gives him as among those who signed a petition to 
the General Court, Nov., 1757, asking to be allowed to build a fort 
to protect their lands and families from the Indians; he was (p. 119) 
appointed Sept. 16, 1758, on a committee to hire a minister. Among 
the names of the eight persons who signed the first Confession of 
Faith and Covenant of the " Church of Christ in Pittsfield," Feb. 7, 
1764, is that of Ephraim Stiles. He was probably the Ephraim who, 
in 1765, paid X2.10s. for a seat in the meeting-house at P., although 
it may have been his son Ephraim.* Oct. 31, 1765 : *' departed 
this Life Ephraim Stiles, of Pleurisy. "t {Ch, Record). Mrs. Jemima 
( Meacham) Stiles died 8 Jan., 1777, » 684 



Children by first toife {horn in Westfield, Mass.):** 

161. I. Zebediah,' bom Sept. 15, 1723; married Experience 

Wells. Fa^oly 20. 

162. II. Mercy,' bom Jan. 10, died Feb. 10, 1724r-25. 

163. m. Simeon,* bom May 12, 1726; married Experience Boot. 

Family 21. 

164. IV. Mercy,' bom Jan. 28, 1727; married (1) Abel Old, July 

23, 1747, who settled in Westfield, Mass. Issue: 

165. i. Eipebiencb,« b. Jan., 1750. 

166. ii Lydia,« b. Feb. 11, 1752. ^ 

She married (2) Reuben Cunn, May 6, 1756. Isstie: 

167. iii. Wabham,« b. Dec. 26, 1757. 

168. iv. Ann,« b. June 22, 1760. 

169. V. Hannah.« (Pres. SiUes' MS8.) 

170. V. Experience,' bom March 26, 1730; married Eldad 



* Hi$t. PUt^fieJd, and Church Becords, 

t PitUjUld Oong. Cktireh Btcordt, 

t Family Bible. 

** Records In a ** part of a Family Bible/' oommunloated by Mrs. Edward N. Robblns, of 
Pittsfield, Mass., Dec 1, 1886, give tbe following variationt from dates as glyen by Town Beoords, 
Tlz.: Ephraim (160} death, Oct. 28; Ephraim (174) birth, 173Q; Bethlah's (175) birth, 1736; EU's 
(181) birth. 1746. 



132 THE ST/L£$ G£if£ALOGr. 

Palmer, of Westfield, Mass., Sept 1, 1756. Issue : 

171. i. Lbvi,« b. June 24, 1757. 

172. ii. William,* b. July 19, 1759. 

173. iu. Lydia« b. July 18, 1762. 

174. VI. Ephraim,' bom Oct 10, 1731, settled in Pittsfield, .\: *uvs. : 

married Martha WincheU, of SuiBeld, Ct, 1759.* No 
issue, according to Pres. Stiles, in 1764. He was 
probably the Epliraim who had five persons in his 
family Nov. 16, 1772; and as we learn from the 
Hisl, of Pittsjiehi, was in the Revolutionary 
service, viz.: from Dec. 16, 1776, enlisted in Lt 
James Hubbard s Co., marched to Ticonderoga, was 
dismissed March 16, 1777; August 17, 1777, was in 
Lt. Hubbard's Co., went to Bennington, dismissed 
Aug. 24, 1777;t Sept 6, 1777, enlisted in Capt 
John Strong's Co., which mai'ched to Skenesborough, 
and was dismissed Oct. 1, 1777, every man having 
** a horse and meal bag."t He died, according to 
Family Bible record, 31 March, 1781, fe 49. Pitts- 
field Records, bk. 7, p. 51, and the P. Church Eecords 
give the marriage, Nov. 19, 1784, of Mr. John Con- 
neUy and " Mrs. Martha Stiles," probably widow of 
Ephraim. 

175: VII. BETHiAH,'^t bom Jime 27, 1733; manied Mr. Goodwin, 
• of Hartford, Conn., about 1758 (was his second 

wife). Issue : 

176. i. ,* daughter. 

Children, by second wife : 

177. Vin. jETtfTMA,'^ bom May 30,** 1737; died Jan. 28, 1784. 

178. IX. Elizabeth,* bom June 17, 1739; married Timothy 

Walker, of Housatonic, No. 4, June, 1758. Issue : 
3 children by 1764. {Pres. Stiles' MSS.) 



* Intention of marriage (In which he Is named as " Ephraim Stllee, Junr., of Pontooeuck") 
entered June 24, 1159.— Wfstju'ld Records. 
t Hi*t. PitUJUld, 11. 489, 493, 494. 
t Westp-ld Records say " Bathsheba." 
*♦ •• 3 " ( Westjifld Records.) 



THE COHHECTiCUT FAHHILY. 133 

179. X. Aaron,* born June 14, 17-41; married Margaret . 

Family 22. 

180. XI. Moses,* bom March 12, 1743-4; probably the Moses 

whose name appears in the Hist, of PiitfifiM (page 
495) in a list of Continental soldiers raised in that 
town during the Revolutionary War, who served for 
three years. He was enlisted for the war in Capt. 
McKain's Co., Col. Van Schaack's Regiment He 
volunteered in the " Lexington alarm " April 22, 
1775, under Capt. Noble, marched to Cambridge, 
and served six months. 

181. XII. Eu,* bom May 22, 1746 ; married Sarali — . 

Family 23. 

182. Xni. Selah,* [Silas?]* bom Dec. 4, 1747. 

183. XIV. Rachel,* boin Jan. 3, 1750; died cir., 1752. 

FAMILY 12. 

184 Israel ' Stiles, [83], Jokn,^ John^ John^ John,^) born in 
East Windsor, Conn., Sept. 13,1719; settled in Scantic Parish (near 
present village of Broad Brook) and married Mai-tha Rockwell, about 
1748. He died Sept. 13, 1794. His wife died Dec. 3, 1790. Their 
gravestones (of red sandstone) in the old Scantic gi-aveyard. East 
Windsor, bear the following inscriptions : 

In Memory of Mrs ' Martha ye "Wife of | Mr Israel Stiles | who Died Deceinbr 
1 the 3d AD. 1790 i in the TOth Year ; of her Age | 

In Memory of | M^ Israel Stiles | who Died Septembr y« 14 | AD 1794 in y« 76tli 
Tear of | His Age | 

He, and his brother Benoni, were among the petitioners of 
North, or Scantic Parish, for a new ferry across the Connecticut, from 
the S. E. corner of Samuel Watson's farm on etxst side, in May, 
1755.t . 



* In the Hist, of PlttAfleld (11. p. 493) is mentioned a Silca Stiles, wbo marched. July 20, 1779, 
onder Lieut. Joel Stevens, to New Haven, Conn., and was dismissed Aug. 25, 1779. I think tills 
Silas to have boen the same as Selah ; and that the name was probably Silo*. But W. Records 
(1885) say Selah. 

t BtUoB' Hist Ancient Windtor, pp. 467 and 460. 



134 THE STILES QENiALOQY. 

Children {all bom in East Wimhor, Coutl):* 

185. I. Ann,' bora Sept. 10, 1749; cUed 1751. 

186. II. Israel,' bora April 16, 1751. 

187. III. AsAHEL,' (Capt.), bora May 2, 1753; married Tiyphena 

Chaj)in. Family 24. 

188. IV. John,' bora Sept. 15, 1755; married (1) Hannah Cham- 

berlain; married (2) . Family 25. 

189. V. Samuel,' (Capt.), bora Dec. 28, 1758; married Jenett 

Harper; died of consumption Jan. 9, I8l3. No issue. 
Capt. Samuel Stiles left the sum of $1,000 to the 
Scantic Parish (East Windsor) as a fund for the 
support of the Gospel ministry in that parish.t He 
was also a prominent Free Mason. The following 
are the inscriptions on his gravestone, and that of 
his wife, in the Ireland St. graveyard in R W.: 

"Capt I Samuel Stiles | died of a consumption 
I 9'^ of January A.D. 1813 | His name will ever be 
gracious to all who knew him, especially to the con- 
gregation with whom he habitually assembled for 
divine worship. As a tribute of gratitude and as a 
testimony of respect to his beloved memory this 
ston6 is raised by surviving friends to mark the 
place where his body rests in the silence of the 
grave." 

" Mrs. Jen net, wife of Capt. Samuel Stiles, died 
Feb; 26, 1824, 89 62, as a testimony of respect to her 
beloved memory this stone is raised to mark the 
spot where her body rests, till it shall arise at the 
call of him who conquered death." 

190. VI. Maetha,'^ bora March 13, 1760; married Sept. 23, 1778, 

Thomas (son of Rev. Thomas) Potwine, of Blast 
Windsor, Conn. She died July 9, 1822. Issue : 

191. i. Mabtha,« b. 9 Oct,, 1779; m. Simeon Barber. 

192. ii. JoHN,« b. 17 Aug., 1781; m. Mary Benton. 



♦ Extracted from his Family Record, by Pres. Stiles, 176i. + HUt. Ancient Windsor, p. 390. 



THE COUUEQTICUT FAMILY. 135 

193. iii. THOMAs,«b. 17 Jan., 1784; m. Sarah Stoughton. 

194. iv. I8BABL,« b. 23 March, 1786; m. Mary F. Potwiae. 

195. V. Benjamin,' b. 24 July, 178S; m. Cornelia Curtis, 

196. vi. Abigail,* b. 24 Sept., 1790; m. Dr. Henry A. Porter. 

197. vii. Lydia.« b. 9 Nov., 1792; m. (1) Ephram Wight ; (2) Simeon 

Van Aukin. 

lUS. viii. William, Ob. 1 Feb., 1795; m. Aurelia Spear. 

199. ix. Nathaniel,* b. 4 Jan., 1798; m. Sophia >L Clark. 

20t». X. Sarah,6 b. 4 Aug., 180(); d. sin le, 7 Aug., 1825. 

201. xi. ANN,e b. 10 Dec, 1802; m. Orrin Clark. 

202. VII. Bbnoni,' bom July 15, 1763; married Hannah Harper 

(sister of his brother Samuel's wife). Family 26. 

203. VIII. Ann,* bom April 9, 1766; married Benjamin Ellsworth. 

Mrs. Ann (Stiles) Ellsworth, died Nov. 9, 1831, 
». 67. 

FAMILY 13. 

204. Eev. Ezra^ Stiles, [95] {Rev. Isaac,* John,'' John;^ John,') 
A. M. (Tale et Hcurv.); D. D. (Dartmouth et Nassau-Hall); S, T. D. 
Edin.; L. L. D. Nassau-Hall; Counsellor of the American Philo- 
sophical Society; Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and 
Sciences; Corresponding Member of the Connecticut Academy of 
Arts and Sciences; Corresponding Member of the Massachusetts 
Historical Society; Professor of Ecclesiastical History and President 
of Tale College, from 1772 to 1795. 

The biography of this learned man, the most eminent of his 
name, since the coming of the family to America in 1635, has re- 
ceived due attention at the hands of several Competent writers. The 
Rev. Abiel Holmes, his son-in-law;^ Prof. James L. Kingsley, in 
Spark's American Biography; and the Rev. Dr. Wm. B. Sprague, in , 
Annals of the American Pulpit, (i. 470-479) are his principal biogra- 
phers, while in Allen's and all subsequent biographical dictionaries 
and encyclopaedias he has received the honor to which he was en- 



=^ THE Life of Ezra Stiles, D. D , LL.D. By Abiel HolmeB, A. M., Ptustor of the First 
Chur;?h In Ca abridge. Bo-»iou: Printed by Thomas & Andrews, Faust's Statue, No. 45 New- 
bury St., May. 1798- 8vo.: portrait. 404 rag©*^. 



136 THE STILES GENEALOOY. 

titled. Upon these and other printed sources,* we have freely 
drawn in tiie compilation of this memoir; but, most of all, upon his 
own MSS. memoranda, lettei*s, etc., in the Libi*ary of Yale College, 
and especially those now in jx>ssi»ssion of his great-gianddaughter, 
Mrs. Kate Gannett Wells, of Boston, Mass. From these, it has 
been our aim to select the most characteristic passages, and thus to 
make the President, as far as possible, his own biographer. In do- 
ing this we have adopted the chronological order, as being the most 
natuial and as exhibiting the man, like himself, " attending to a vast 
variety of researches and pursuits, with an activity and comprehen* 
sion seldom united; and with a rapidity of transition which, though it 
might derange the plans and obstruct the improvement of most men, 
was, in this instance, connected with order and unii;y, and with a 
singular progi-ess in knowledge and virtue.^t 

** Wednesday, Nov*- 29th, A. D. 1727, about Nine of the Clock 
in the Morning, Ezka Stiles was bom & was baptized the next Sab- 
bath, w^ wjis Dec' 3, 1737. His Mother, the Night aft^r that Sab- 
bath morning. Slept in Jesus, <fe Dec' 5th, 1727, she was buried. 
She was bom April 4, 1702."^ 

*'I wite put to Nurse to Mrs. Abigail Bay, the wife of M' Caleb 
Ray, an excellent woman, who died Nov. 19, 1740, whom I fondly 
loved for native sweetness of temper. Pleasantness & Kindness ife 
Piety.'' 

To this, his own recorded history of his birth and infancy, can 
only be added the fact that the frailty of his constitution, during his 
earliest years, aflForded but little hope of his survival to adult life. 

Of his childhood we know only the tradition in his native 
place, ** That he was distinguished from all the other children of his 
age, by his good humor and engaging manners; that he had a strong 
memory, from his childhood; that though he did not, at first, dis- 
cover a fondness for study, he was no sooner initiated in the rudi- 
ments of knowledge, than he became delighted with his book; and 



* Dr. Dana's, Dr. Trumbull's and Mr. Patten's Funeral Dlsooursee on Dr. Stllee' Death. 
Dr. James Dana's Heavenly Maruions, N. Y., 1795, 8 vo; Prof. Meigs* Funeral Address on Pres. 
Stiles, at the Commencement after his Death; Duycklnck's Cyclopadia of Amrrican LiUraiurt, 
1.158 and Index; Am Quarterly Re ffis ter, v HI., 21, 193; Spint of the PUgrim$, .v., 849; Mas». 
Hut. Societ'j Collections, x. Ist Series. Prof. James L. King ley. Vale Record and Atwater's Hitt^ of 
New Haven, 171-173; Yale Lit. Magatine, ISSl, xxil., 169, article " H -roB Stiles-lana." Atlantic 
Monthly, August, 1884, " An Old New England Divine," by Mrs. KateG. Wells. 

t Holmes, t See, also, page 101. 



THE CONMiCTICUT FAHflLY. 137 

that his progress was so rapid, as to allow him considerable , time 
for the assistance of his school-fellows, and for his own amuse- 
ment/'* 

Beginning to learn his Latin grammar at the age of nine years, 
he had, at the age of twelve, so fai- finished his preparatory studies, 
under his father's instruction, that he was prepared to enter college.t 
But his youth, as well as his slender health, which had already 
caused several interruptions to his studies, rendered it inexpedient 
that he should then imdertake the academic course; and so it was 
not until three years later, when he was in his fifteenth year, as he 
has himself recorded it, " Thursday, Sept.- 9, 1742, Ezra Stiles was 
examined at Yale College and accepted." 

A small estate in Glastonbury descending to him in right of his 
mother, his father (whose means were but slender) sold it, in 1741, 
to defray the expenses of his education; but, from some cause now 
unknown, he failed to receive all the proceeds until 1747. Hence 
he was rendered dependent, in a degree, while at college, upon the 
patronage of his father's friends and of those whom his own genius, 
amiability and promising character attracted to him. Among these 
may be named Thomas Darling, his principal tutor, a man of science 
and abilities, and President Clap, whom he terms his "beneficent 
Maecenas," both of whom by various acts of friendship, lessened the 
expenses of his tuition, and greatly advanced his interests. 

Though his progress while at college cannot now be easily 
traced, yet the trend of his tastes and future researches are discern- 
ible in certain careful observations on comets, made in the beginning 
of his Sophomore year; in numerous geometrical mensurations and 
calculations of echpses; and in a very copious chronological com- 
pendium of Old and New Testament history. At the conclusion of 
his academic course, by appointment of the President, he delivered 
(July 17th, 1746) the Cliosophic Oration in the College Hall, at the 
pubUc examination of his class for the degree of Bachelor of Arts — 
an appointment which, alone, affords presumptive evidence of his 
general scholarship; " for it was required of the orator, to whom this 
part was assigned, to exhibit a view of the cyclopaedia of literature 

* Holznee. 

t ** Esra Stllee began to Learn about Nov. 1736 k again Angiut 36. 1738." 1b the record found 
in his JuTenlle handwriting. The ** again/' preceding the latter date, evidently marks the 
resumption of hie studiee after one of the interruptions by lllnees to which, as we know from 
what he has elsewhere noted, his childhood was subject. 



138 THE STILES QEMEMLOQY. 

which had been the subject of classical studies, in the several stages 
of education at the university." At the ensuing Commencement, 
Sept. 3d, 1746, at the age of nineteen, he receivrd the degiee of 
Bachelor of Arts. *' On this occasion, he had as distinguisheil a part 
as a syllogistic exercise would admit; and, at that period, the can- 
didates for the first degree had no higher exercise at Commence- 
ment, except a salutatory oration. He was respondent in defence of 
the foUowing theiiix, which was afterward sanctioned by his maturer 
judgment, and defended by his abler pen : Jus regtim non est jure 
divino Jwereditarium. ** The hei'edibary right of kini?s is not of 
divine authority." '* While an undergraduate, he stood," says Prof. 
Meigs, " if not the first, yet among the first of his contemporaries; 
and when he proceeded Bachelor of Ai-ts, he was esteemed one of the 
most perfect scholars that had ever received the honors of this semi- 
nary." 

" Apprehending his religious principles to be settled, and im- 
pressed with a sense of the duty and importance of making a Chris- 
tian profession, he was on the 23d of November, after his graduation, 
admitted by his father, a member of the Church in North Haven." 

" I early delighted," he says, " in Literature & Virtue & Mr. 
Whittlesey & Mr. Darling, my Tutors at College, had inspired me 
with an ardent Desire for Usefulness.* When I graduated Bachelor 
of Arts, 1746, 1 took a gloomy & final leave of Yale College, never 
expecting to reside thei-e more. But a kind Providence soon opened 
a way for my Return. — in 1747, a residence in New Haven at Capt. 
Wooster'st near College — in 1748, President Clap kindly procured 
me the Butlership; and thro' his influence the Corporation, [April 
1749], chose me Tutor in College, into which office I was inaugurated 
May 25, 1749, at first worth £23 ster. & at last when Senior Tutor, 
£30 ster. per annum. This was the height of my wishes as to Col- 
lie Residence," as he observes, " truly, not so much for the honor 



* In one of his boyish note-books, we find the following verse : 
** The signlflcatlon of Esra Is a helper. 

" If that an Helper, Esra be * 

Lord grant an Helper I may be 
To those In need & In Dlstreese 
And comfort all the Comfortless." 
t Afterwards Oeneral Wooster, who distinguished himself In the Revolutionary War; a 
graduate of T. C. 1738; mortally wounded at the Battle of Danbury, In 1777. He was a son-ln< 
law of Pres. Clap; Invited young Stiles to reside In his family during his absence on the Louto- 
burg Expedition and was ever a revered counsellor and friend. 



THE COUMECTICUT FAHIILY. 139 

of the office, as for the advantage of a longer residence at the Seat of 
the Muses." 

In the Spring of 1749, Dr. Franklin who had, during the two 
preceding years, made his first experiments in electricity at Phila- 
delphia, sent an electrical apparatus to Yale CoDege. Mr. Stiles 
eagerly availed himself of this opportunity and, in connection with 
his fellow tutors, made a variety of curious experiments, above twenty 
of which are entered in his manuscripts, and which were the first 
made in New England. 

Having been duly examined and licensed, May oOth, 1749, by 
the New Haven Association, sitting at Milford, he preached his first 
sermon at West Haven in June following; and in April, 1750, ha\dng 
preached to the Housatonic Indians, at Stockbridge, Mass., was in- 
vited by the Society for the Prop^igation of the Gospel among the 
Indians to succeed the Kev. Mr. Sergeant in that mission, but de- 
clined. 

On the 12th of December following he pronounced a Funeral 
Oration, in Latin, upon Governor Law, who had f?ied on the 6th of 
the preceding month. This was printed and is characterized by 
Prof. Meigs as fumishine; " a pleasing proof of his classical taste, of 
his oratorical talents, and of his familiar acquaintance vnth the Latin 
language," which he wrote " with a surprising faciUty and vnth a 
purity and elegance that would have honored the age of Augustus." 

" In 1751 the Dysentery raged at New Haven. I was seized 
with it [July 24] & bro't to the Gates of Death, but it pleased God 
I recovered.* In the summer of 1752, I declined with a Consump-^ 
tion. This was the 50th year of the foundation of Yale College [or 
rather from the first Commencement held Sept 1702], & at the 



* Among Prt$. Stilei* MSS. la Tale College Library we find the following letter, connected 
with hla lUnees. It Is addreseed to his father : 

Septr, 1751. 

Hon 8b.— I intended to have come home k. tarried this week; but tho't it best upon the 
whole to tarry till the next. If you'll p'ease send a Horse by somebody next Monday, I'll 
endeavor to come up on Tuesday— unless upon seeing PhlUls you should think It best to defer 
my coming till the latter end of the week. 

Phillis, by sedulous k unwearied attendance, I look upon, next under Heayen, the Pre- 
serrer of my Life— and altho' an JEthloplan Serrant, I hope you'll treat her with Kindness, as 
she has been faithfully tender of the Life of him who wishes to deserre your affection k the 
Title of your dutiful son. St. Paul disdained not to commend to Philemon Oneeimus the faith- 
ful servant.- 1 am by the Blessing of Heaven 

Your recovering 

Dutiful Son 
BBVOI. STILES K. Stiles. 



140 THe STiLiS 6£Hf£AL0Gr. 

President's Desire I made a public Half-Century Oration [in Latin] 
at the Commencement, [Sept. 20th, N. S.] But was so deep in De- 
cline that Mr. Hillhouse my Fellow Tutor had committed to memory 
my Oration to deliver it for me, but with difficulty I delivered it 
myself — but my ghostly Look surprised the Auditory. However, 
from that Commencement Day I began to recover. 

Li Dec., 1751, he was invited to a settlement over the chmvh at 
Kensington, Conn.,* but the state of his health forbade; and he 
" determined for the Law, & applied a little to the study of it & Nov. 
14th, 1753, took the Attorney's .Oath [before the County Court at 
New Haven] & practiced till 1755; yet preaching occasionally all 
the while." 

During this period, he read the best Listitutes, and the princijial 
Reports. He examined the Jus Civile; but chiefly studied the 
Common Law of England, it being most used in the Colonies. He 
acquainted himself with the law practice in Connecticut. He jJso 
learned the political constitutions, and the judicial procedures, of all 
the thirteen British provinces; and, to faciUtate the acquisition of 
this knowledge, in his journeys through five of these provinces, he 
sought interviews with the gentlemen of the law. Not limiting his 
researches to statute books, and local systems of jurisprudence, 
he examined the great principles of the laws of nature and of nations; 
the forms of ancient governments, and the actually existing constitu- 
tions of the various empires of the world, in order to obtain just 
conceptions of the nature and extent of the science of that profes- 
sion which he had chosen as his own." 

" What appeared to be merely incidental was providentially de- 
signed to contribute towards his more extensive qualification for 
public usefulness. The legal and poUtical knowledge thus acquired, 
enabled him afterward, when in the presidency, to give, with peculiar 
advantage, occasional lectures on Law and Government to the uni- 
versity at large; and, at the same time, to guide the studies, and 
facilitate the progress, of such particular students as were destined 
for the bar."t 

** During the whole of this Review the Eev. Mr. Noyes of New 
Haven was my friend & welcomed me to his House. The Kev? D"" 
George Berkly Bp of Cloyn in Ireland died 1753; he had made a 

* Otnaral and Eccletiastical Hi*t. of Xew Britain, Oonn. By Alfred Andrews. 1867, p. 60. 
t Holmes. 



THe CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 141 

Donation of about £800 ster. in Lands & £200 in Books to Yale 
College— & at the pub. Oommc' [13tli Sept] 1753, I made a [Latin] 
funeral Oration. All this Beview I was suspected of Aimenianism. In 
1754 my Constitution gaining a little ahead, I resolved to try Biding 
effectually, and in May rode from College to Deerfield 101 -miles, — 
in July from College thro Newport to Boston, 140 miles & took a 
Degree A. M. at Cambridge, which President Holyoke conferred gratu- 
itously — & returned i;ta Springfield — in Sept' Vacation from Collej^e 
to Philadelphia 190 Miles, thro' New York & Newark, where 
attended Jersey College Commence President Buit. Thus in long 
Journeys I rode near one Thousand Miles in five Months, l)eside8 fre- 
quent daily excursions." 

On the 5th of February, 1755, he pronoimced a Latin Oration 
in the College Hall, in presence of and in compliment to Doctor 
Benjamin Franklin, who was then on a visit to New Haven, in which 
he recounted in eloquent terms the philosopher's interesting discov- 
eries and with prophetic assurance foretold the triumphs of Science 
in this New World. 

** In April 1755 I was invited to ride [&] prejich the Vacancy at 
Newport to the Congre;;" lata of Bev. James Searing deceased. For 
the Journey sake I went as I told the messenger & with no view of 
Settlement. In May, the Chh & Society gave me a unanimous call 
to settle in the Ministry — this I was not pleased with, because it em- 
bsurrassed me while I was fully determined for & in the practice of 
the Law. The Bev. Dr. Eliot of Killingworth was the means of this. 
My Father's Inclination at bottom always was that I should settle in 
the Ministry if my health would allow. And this by Journeys I had 
recovered in considerable degree. Tho' I returned to College in 
three weeks, fully determined not to settle — yet my most valuable 
Friends advised — my Father said Uttle, but wisher — ^all urged 
another Bide to Newport after July Examination when my class or 
pupils would be taken care of. By letters I advised with Bev. Dr. 
Chauncy of Boston, who urged my compliance. At length partly my 
friends, and especially my Father s Inclination and Advice, partly an 
agreeable Town & the Bedwood Library, partly the voice of Provi- 
dence in the unanimity of the people, partly my Love of preaching 
& prospect of Leisure & Books for pursuing Study more than I could 
expect in the Law (which however I love to this day) I at length 
yielded." 



142 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

" I returned to New Havea and held my last Commencement in 
Sept^ 1755, when I resigned the Tutorship after five years & a half, 
iind [Sept. 10] finished my College Residence of thirteen years, where 
by the kindness of Providence I had Advantages for a considerable 
progress in Literature." 

This office he had filled " with singular usefulness and dignity, 
and with the highest respect and affection of his pupils. * * He had 
the tutorial care of five classes, four of which he conducted through 
a course of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. The whole num- 
ber of his immediate pupils was 110," and of about one hundred tutors 
who, up to the time of his death in 1795, had taught in Yale College, 
since its foundation, " not more tlian five or six had continued so 
loag in office."* 

Valuable as had been the time thus spent by him amid the lit- 
erary advantages and associations of his Alma Mater, it had also 
been the most critical, perhaps the most instructive, of his whole 
life. ** It was the most critical, because it was a period in which his 
religious principles were most severely tried, and in which he was in 
imminent danger of making shipwreck of his faith. It is peculiarly 
instructive, as it furnishes an example of a fair and diligent inquiry 
concerning the Divine authority of the Sacred Scriptures; of an 
ingenuous openness of mind to conviction according to the degree of 
evidence; of the maintenance of a good conscience under very trying 
temptations; and of an ultimate establishment in the truth, as U is 
in Jesm, to his great comfort in life and hope in deatL"'t 

In the year 1767, he wrote "^ BirtMay Memoir ^"^ including an 
account of that memorable period of his history, 1747 to 1754, and 
which is largely quoted in his Life, as written by his son-in-law. Dr. 
Hobnes. We prefer, however, for the purposes of this Genealogy, 
to use the somewhat similar narrative of his religious experiences 
contained in the Genealogical MS8. which we have made the basis 
of our labors. It is quite possible (indeed probable) that our MS. 
version was the original, afterwards amplified in the "Birthday 
Memoir," referred to. J From it we quote the following character- 
istic account of his religious experiences prior to his settlement in 
the ministry at Newport. 

* Holnus. t Ibid. 

t Although much given to carefully noting facts, datee, etc., which attracted his attention 
or seemed worthy of preservation, he admits in the preface to this : *' Early prepossessed 



THM COUUeCTICUT F/iMILY. 143 

[" In the years 1746, 1747 and 1748, 1 had not indeed a diabe- 
hef, but I was in a state of skepticism, and ardently sought a clear 
belief of the Being and Attrilndea of God." In 1748 I read Dr. 
Clark's Demonstrations of the Being of God, & Evidence of natural 
& revealed Eeligion — the latter was of peculiar service to me. At 
the same time I read among a multitude of other Books, Shaftsbuiy's 
Characteristics, Pope's Essay on Man, Watts on the Glory of Christ, 
& Nicol Scott's Sermons. The Divinity of Christ was, I saw, a 
Scripture Doctrine, but I doubted the Athanasian sense. An inge- 
nious Deist in 1749 excited Doubts about Revelation. We had b^n 
taught by the Newtonian Demonstrations to discard the authority of 
great Names & ingenious Hypothesis in Philosophy; in my free Con- 
versation I did i£e same in religion, and pjurticularly said that the 
Westminster Confession of Faith was no authoi-ative standard of 
Truth. Most judged me hence an Enemy to the Calvinistic Doctrines 
— not knowing that my mind labored with a matter of higher conse- 
quence [ •] that of the defence of Revelation itself. After I 

engaged in the Law I studied my Bible with unprejudiced attention, 
being concerned only to find out the Truth for my own use. I went 
thro' a Liborious Examination of the Scriptures, especially on Lord's 
Days, under a comparison with profane History. The Result of 
which was that I could find no material olg'ections against the Bible, 
those advanced by the Deists I would solve to my own satisfaction; 
equal objections lay against natural Religion: — The Antiquity & 
Genuineness of the Hebrew & N. Test Scriptm*es I was convinced 
of, at the least the former to the age ot the LXX., the latter to the 
Apostolic Age — one prophecy was certainly previous to the fulfill- 
ment, viz., of the Dispersion of the Jews : The New Test, scheme was 
grand & excellent in itself, the character of the Redeemer excellent, 
many of his miracles allowed by Celsus — if the Gospel was true, it 
was the most august & glorious scheme ever conceived by Man. At 
this time I was possessed of the Boy lean Lectures 3 vol. Folio; Bp. 
BiUler^s Analogy, which is a capital Book. On the whole pure 
Xtianity was the best imagined system, in many things superior to 
Platonism which I esteemed. I adopted the Morals ot the Gtospel, 
the sentiment, then delivered of the nature. Designs & Administra- 
tion of the Most High; that as great ife astonishing Revolutions were 
to take place over Man, the Scripture accounts were most pi-obably 
truly prophetic. The Lifluences of the Spirit I did not doubt; the 
Atonement and Expiation of Sin was difficult — otherwise than the 



against diarlee, as being hypocritical, and containing rather what we would wish to be esteemed 
by others, than what we are or have been; I have very much avoided to oommlt to writing the 
religious state of my soul, and the course of those experiences iu the divine life, with which It 
has pleased God to bless me. However, I purpose now to take a summary review of my life." 
He continued aftorwards to think more favorably of diaries and commended them to some of 
his pupHB^—HolmtM' Life qf Pru. SHUt$. 



144 THS STiLiS GkMEALOGY. 

worth & value of the mediatorial Character should be the Basis of 
tleriving Blessings on those in connexion with the Son of God by 
Faith, Love <fe Obedience. After all I became a Christian rjither 
as a Believer in a well imagined & most beautiful moral System, 
than^as feeling the evidence of a certain real derivation from G(xl. 
[ however sincerely miide choice of it for the Eule of my Life & the 
foundation of my Trust for Immortality; hoping for further & clearer 
views of Truth fix>m the Father of Lights, to whom I failed not to 
render my daily Homage & prayer. I seldom found much difficulty 
in understanding the Scriptures, & I read very little in Theolc^cal 
systems, tho' I was not wholly unacquainted with them — but 
I found more satisfaction in recurring at once to the Original 
My Deistical tarn gave me a very thorough Disgust against the 
Authority of Councils and Decretals — where anyone argued from the 
Scriptures I was ple?ised, but for protestants to adduce the opinions 
of fallible men in support of infallible Truth, did ever disgust me; 
and my alledging the authority of the Catholic as of equal weight 
with the protestants, my friends were apt to suspect it only artifice 
to cover Heresy — whereas I was little concerned about Calvinism or 
Arminianism or any other Ism, This was perfectly consistent with 
a Sceptical state of mind, that at most rested alone in Scripture. I 
wished to see the Bible true before I could feel any solicitude about 
iiny of the various Christian Sects or Writings. From the cursory 
view I made of Eccl. Hist., I tho't all the protestant chhs as well as 
jiU the Xtian chhs since the first age, had many usages and Doctiines 
which I did not find in the Bible — yet I found sincere good men in 
all chhs catholic and proti^stant. Hence I adopted and professed an 
extensive & universal charity; I readily saw the mode of Worship in 
the N. Eng. chhs was as conformable to the Bible as any in the 
World, and I tho't more so. 

Hence, when in January 1756, the Episcopal Chh at Stratford 
invited me by a unanimous vote to turn Episcopalian & take Orders 
to succeed Dr Johnson, president of Kings College, their Livitation 
made no impression on me for this great Reason that I was satisfac- 
torily certain in my own mind that Episcopacy was noi jure divino^ 
nor the Liturgy nor the rest of the Constitution of the Chh. of 
England — which appeared to me except in the Worship of Lnages & 
Saints to be of a similar constitution of Eome, with the Difference 
that the King was the vicarious Head of the one <fe the pope of the 
other. The prospect offered me was £50 ster. from the Society for 
prop*^ the Gk)spel £50 ster. from the people : to £100 ster. pr. ann. 
with a handsome chh & genteel organ, & 1000 pretty Thmgs be- 
sides, or even to be a Bishop in America before I had done. But I 
can now thank Gk>d, I now recollect that aU these fine Things made 
almost no Impression on me, & for this principal Season that Epis- 



THfE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 146 

copacy I knew was not the Scripture scheme.* I had been treated 
ill for being suspected of Armenianism — & therefore the chh that 
tney could give me — & even my friends were doubtful of me (not 
knowing the true Labors of my heart) that they left me intirely to 
myself : — Tho' I replied imediately in the negative to this Episc°: 
application, yet on the urgent lequeat of the Chh Wardens & in res- 
pect to the Chh in whose name they applied, I took their Request 
into consideration for about a week; an! during that Term I do not 
remember that one of my Friends endeavored to disuade me, not 
even the president, Mess" Noyes, Whittlesey, Darling, Hillhouse, 
Hopkins & all strong presbyterians. I then perceived they tho't 
me wavering, were doubtful of me, & rather tho't I would accept. 
But they knew not the Barrier in my heart. Here are copies of 
three Letters on th:s affair: 

**Stkatford Jan'y 2, 1755. 
"Sir 
** These lines are to acquaint you with the proceedings of the Chh. Wardens & 
Vfestery of the Church of England in Stratford, on the Ist day of this Instant Jany 
by the advice of the Rev* M*" Beach. We have voted that application be made to 
your Self directly to see wheather you could be prevailed with to come to us & Bead 
prayers in our Church for us & see wheather you & we can so agree as that you may 
in Some Time here after take Orders for us, to be our Minister: A it was also voted 
that Mr Timothy Shearman, one of the Church Wardens, should acquaint you with 
these proceedings as soon as possable. Euphalst Cubtibs, 

Timothy Shkarman, 

Church Wardens. 

Edmxtnd Lewis, Elnathan Treat, 

John Benjabon, Nathan Osborn, 

Nathan Cuetiss, Samuel Wilson, 

Vestry Men." 

This was bro't to me at my Chambers in Tale College the day after 
the Date by Mr. Shearman accompanied by Col. Joseph Wooster of 
the same Chh. They spent the afternoon with me & treated me 
with humanity & respect. In the course of the conversation they 
paid their address chiefly to my extensive Charity & universal 
Benevolence — urging that the odium of Armenianism, preventing my 
usefulness in the presb. way, a door was now open for me in the 
Episcopal way. They were pleased to say that I had Talents for 
the ministry which it was a pity should be buried in the Law; that 
the Extensiveness of my Charity peculiarly recommended me to 
them, as it would promote their church more than a contracted 
Charity. They assured an honorable support, & that I might coimt 
on £100 ster. pr. ann. and they mentioned other finer things to flatter 



* '* I Imew Diocesan EpiAoopacy was not instituted by Christ or his Apostles k whatever I 
trifled in, I would not trifle in Religion." 



146 THE STILES GkNEALOGY. 

mj Ambition, intimating that D*" Johnson & his Son the Lawyer, 
with both whom I was intimately acquainted had spoken honorable 
Things of my Abilities & the prosj)ect of Dignities and Figure that 
I mi^ht assure myself in their church. I replied that with all my 
Reputation of Heresy about me I had received Invitations to Settle 
in our chhs particularly at Kensington in 1752: — that tho' I knew the 
odium I was imder about Principles, yet I had more weighty Rea- 
sons for my pursuing the Law, than any Taken from this Odium; 
my Scepticism I could not mention^ but my health was a Sufficient, 
tho' to all an unsatisfactory Reason — this I mentioned. As to 
Charity I said, I was in Charity truly vdih all men, & wished well 
to the world — that I was too charitable for their purpose: for if I was to 
turn Episcopalian, it would not he because I was convinced that 
Episcopacy was more of divine right than presbytery; but believing 
all Sects of protestants unscriptural in many of their doctrines & 
forms of Worship & so none pfect, yet I considered them all as so 
many different Schools to exercise & train up men to Virtue and 
Piety — & in proportion as they served this End each was valuable. 
That I did not look on it as a matter of so much consequence how 
men beciime virtuous, if they were truly made so: — And supposing 
I were to try to get into the Ministry in any Denomination, & indif- 
ferent which, so that I could but be useful in promoting Christianity 
— yet it was questionable whether I should subserve the cause of 
Episcopacy in general or their Congreg" in particular — for was I to 
take Episcopal orders I should profess & preach up that the pres- 
byterian Churches & members were as regular & truly christian as 
the Episcopal, & that men might prepare for heaven as weU in the 
one as the other — and as, according to their proposition, my preach- 
ing these & such-like catholic sentiments procured me censure 
among my own denomination, so I believed the Episc® at Stititford 
would be as little pleased with so extensive a charity. I perceived 
that this would go rather too far for them — however they said they 
chos'3 a charitable man, & was not concerned about my being exces- 
sive, if they would once engage me. I further told them I was no 
Episcopalian in seutimeut, tho' I ha 1 a highest value for the writings 
of many Epis° Divines. Tho' Col. Wooster was a man of sober & 
judicious Reading & both honest men, yet they said nothing to me 
from Scripture: all their Arguments were taken from another 
Quarter. As to the opportunity of going to London & the Advant- 
age of Travels — the prospect of Dignities, &c. &c. &. they really in 
this connection had but very little weight upon me; & the Gentle- 
men perceived, much less than they expected. After receiving their 
whole Artillery, and returned it in this manner, I tho't I had con- 
vinced them that I was not a man to their purposes; I gave my 
answer directly in the negative. But they begged not to receive it; 
and desired me to consider their address till the next week. To 



THE CONNECTICUT F/iMILY, 147 

gratify them, I did it & at their desire wrote the following letter: 

"New Haven, Jan'ry 3. 1755. 
•• To the Church Wardens & Vestrymen 
of the Chh. of England in Stratford 

"Gentlemen 

By Mr. Shearman I have your 
Invitation to read prayers in your Chh. for the present with a view of hereafter 
Taking Orders for you. Having heretofore found preaching very prejudicial! to my 
Health, I have for some Time past laid it aside; am naturally of a very infirm con- 
stitution; add to this am engaging & entering upon another Course of Life, which I 
tho't would suit me better than that of a Clergyman, Tho' 1 acknowledge their Invi- 
tation with Respect, yet for these, and many other Beasons, you'll please to excuse 
my giving you a full answer, which you may expect next week, when I shall have 
further considered on the matter. I am a Friend to all Constitutions and Societies 
for the promoting unsuperstitious Beligion and the true principles of moral virtue 
among Mankind. I heartily wish peace, unanimity and Christian Love may con- 
tinue the ornament & Glory of the Church. I am. Gentlemen, 

Your most obedient 

Very humble servant 

EzBA. Stiles. " 

I saw not, nor heard from my father in this time, & I believe lie 
knew n(jt that application had been made to me till I gave my 
final Answer. As I said before M^ Noyes & all my friends were 
doubtfnl of me, & left me to myself. They knew me & my Reading 
& mamier of Thinking too well to know or think that any thing 
would pre|X)ndeiate & influence me to Episcopacy, but the odium 
of heresy & the .£1(J0 ster.; but they had seen so many give way to 
tho latter, that they doubted me. Self-determined at fii*st I was left 
to self-determination at last: tho' I had no struggle in the Case. 
And when wtiited upon the week after, wrote the following, laconic 
& final answer. 

New Haven, Jan'y 11, 1753. 
Gentlemen 

In full answer to your of 2d inst. give me Leave to say, that after due 
consideration of your Application to me to read prayers in your Church, with a view 
of holy Orders hereafter, I am obliged (for Beasons mentioned in my Letter to you 
of 3d Inst and many others I might mention of moment & importance) to give /ou 
my full answer in the negative. I am, Gentlemen 

Your most obedt. 

Very humble Servt, 

EzBA SniiEs. 
To the Chh. Wardens & Vestrymen 
of the Chh. at Stratford. 

Thus ended this affair. I had been in some measure prepared for 
this (tho' unknown to the World) by a Rencoimter I had sustained 



148 THi STILES GEMiiiLOGY, 

in 1752, the first Time I was at Newport The Rev* M*" Honeyman 
the Missionary to the Episc® Chh. in Newport being dejul, there wa« 
a vacancy, a handsome Chh., the largest Episc® Congregation in New 
England, a fine Organ, and £100 Ster. I)esides Ofieiings, an Elegant 
Time, iV: the Redwood Library. On a ride for my He;dth, I was at 
Ne\v{)ort Oct'' 175'2, havint^ then just resolved to drop jweaching & 
take the Law. Rev. M** Leaming, with whom I had lived cotempo- 
rary three ye;irs at College, was Schoolmaster & Assistant ])rencher. 
He took me to his Schoolhouse, & dismissed or gave a play to his 
School the whole Afternoon & 8i>ent it with me alone, incessantly 
on the affiur of proselyting me to Episcopacy. He gave rae to imder- 
stand that the Chh. had their Eyes a|X)n me & intended an applica- 
tion & that he was (nfKm my coming into Town) desired by the 
principal Gent, of the Chh. to see if I would l)e prevailed upon to 
take Episc" Orde.-s for their Chh, & to assuie me that I might de- 
pend on a genteel and honorable Sup|x>rt, which I think he accounted 
£150 Ster. at least,* intim iting further that Terms Should not part 
us on a Requisition of mich greater Sum. He wjis j)Ieased to say 
they had so conceived of my Abilities & Reputation, that being a 
rich Society they would not scruple any sum that would gain me. 
And, I must confess, this w.us the most splendid offer I had ever 
mjvle me. He insisted that I should lodge with him, and incessantly 
pressed my Conformity to the Chh. by every Motive he could recol- 
lect — we talked till past midnight. The next day I went out of 
Town — having first convinced him that all his Art <fe Ad<Iress & fine 
offers were ineffectual upon me. I was indeed at this Time inclined 
to Deism, but I thank God I was not disposed to profess a Religion 
or Mot e of Religion which I did not believe for the sake of a Living. 
If Christianifjf was true, it was no doubt with me, whether Epinco- 
pacy (S: the Liturgy were a part of it ? If the former rested on divine 
Authority, the latter I was certain rested on human. 

B3ing dete '-mined to the L iw, I read Coke s Ins*:itat^s, Wood's 
Instit. Lord Holt's Rep. Cokes, Ld Raymonds & Salkeld & others 
Reports. I looked a little into the Jus Civile, but chiefly studied 
the common Law of England jis most used in the Colonies — I ac- 
quainted myself with the Law practice in Connecticutt & collected 
copies of Forms of all Declarations <fe pleadings in use there. I also 
informed myself [upon] the political Constitutions k the judicial 
Procedures in all the 13 British provinces ; and in my Journey ings thro' 
five of the Colonies in the year 1754, 1 sought interviews with the 
Gentlemen of the Law in each, which I improved to this End. As 
I found many of these of a deistical Turn, who also perceived rae 
sceptical, I had also an Opp^of collecting the whole Force of Deism. 
One observation I then & have all along made, that I found no dif- 



* I since recollect that tha whole Living was £200 ster. p. ann. 



THE COMMECTICUT FkMILY. 149 

ficulty in obviating every deisticaJ objection, so far as this, that any 
and all of them of any weight might possibly lye against a real & 
true Revelation. They therefore did not overset my mind, but only 
suspended it, till I could find positive & determinating Evidence, 
which I sought witti great Attention & now Avrith very little preju- 
dice, unless it was towaid the religion of the Robe which I now 
found to be that of L I Boliugbroke, Pope, Tindal, NaturaUsm. I 
had hitherto in Life been only at a Presby" meeting. I deternjined 
to know all sects & denom"® of Christians. At Newport 1754, 1 went 
to the Quakers Meeting. When at Boston 1754 for the first Time I 
went to an Episcopal Chh, heard the Liturgy service & an organ in 
public Worship. It so hapf)ened that on the same Lordsday I at- 
tended four services two Congregational & two Episcopal. The same 
year at New York I went to an Episc^Chh in the forenoon; & to the 
Dutch chh in afternoon & again at night. Tho I imderstood not a 
Word of the Prayers and services which were in Dutch, yet I was 
pleased to see the manner of Worship of one of the foreign reformed 
Chhs. The same year at Philjid* I went to the Romish Chapel in 
that City in the forenoon, when their service was performed by some 
in Latin, by others in English — & a Sermon in English, well com- 
posed A well delivered by the priest; in the afternoon I went to D*" 
Alison's presbyterian Meeting in that City. Thus Improved my 
Joumeyings for health & to gain Knowledge political, civil, religious, 
philosophical, &c. The Episcopalians tho't I was coming over to 
them — but I made all the Reviews <fe Inquiries as a philosopher, in 
respect of Religion unsollicitous about any Thing but only the Truth 
for my own use. At New York I conversed very freely, deeply & 
largely on Laio & especially on Religion, particularly the Jurispru- 
dential Reliirion, witli M*" William Smith, Sen"", M*" W™ Livingston, 
M' W°^ Smith, Jun^ M^ Jn^ Morin Scott, all Gentlemen of Erudi- 
tion & Politeness & Lawyers of the finest Abilities in that province. 
My provincial Travels were of great service — & travelling in the 
character of a Lawyer I had freer access to the hearts of others <fe 
their real undisguised sentiments. This, joyned with my Reading 
the Bible as a Critic, Historian & philosopher, pretty well settled 
my mind in favor of Revelation in the year 1754, which I look upon 
the most memorable year of my Life. I was then in the Twenty- 
seventh year of my age. ^t 22, I began to Scruple; aet 24, 1 really 
doubted & for tlie 2 yrs 1752 & 1753 I was in a state of Scepticism 
but under a vigorous & diligent Inquiry; in 1754, set 27, had carried 
my Examination so far as that the deistical objections began to loose 
their Force <fe the Evidences of Christianity began to turn the scale 
<fe preponderate. I had compared the Morals of Revelation with 
those of Scxjrates, Plato, Confucius, Cicero & Shaftsbury, & was con- 
vinced those of the Bible were as pure & SubUme, or more so than 
any. But I now began to embrace Revelation, not as an excellent 



150 THe STILES G£il£ALOGr. 

System of moral philosophy conceived by the Effoiis of the human 
Mind, but as of a more determinate authority than the clearest In- 
vestigation of Beason. The Mediatorial Scheme of Reconciliation 
& Moral Government, the Dominion of Jesus the prince Royal of the 
Universe & the Hierarchy of AngeLs & Semphs subordinate to him 
& concerned under him enterprising <fe completing his Virtue Happ, 
& Exaltation of Man — were Ideas august k Sublime in themselves, 
& delivered in Revelation with a precision as well as harmony in dis- 
tant ages as seemed to imply a familiar acquaintance with a deep & 
thoro' Insight into the PoUty & monarchial Ecx>nomy of the Universe, 
of which Astronomy had convinced me this World was a veiy 
minutessimal | art. I could not s;iy any Tiling against the fulfilment 
of piO[)h'3cy & th'ri Christian Miracles, but what would equally over- 
turn the Cie<lit of all history. And if there was as iiiueh Evidence 
of the R 'appear. ince & Ascention of Christ as ot his Cnicitixion 
— wliy should we believe the one & not the other? Deists nniver- 
sidly allow if the Resurrection was a fact, Revolution is supported. 

By 1755, my doubts having given away, I could honestly de- 
vote myself to the service of the great Emmanuel. Just as I had 
emerged from Deism, or rather the Darkness of Sceptitdsm (for I 
never w;us a Disbeliever — I only wjinted light) — it pleased the great 
Head of the church to open a door at Newport, & contrary to my 
views, being then fully bent for the Law, & ha\dng two Doors open 
& inviting my immediate settlement in that profession, with a good 
prospect of success in either. I thank G<xl I ever revered his Prov- 
idence, \: submitted myself to its over-ruliiig Guidance — I had now 
little objection on the Ix^ad of Incredulity, the clouds of Scei)ticism 
having Vanished. In a word, 1 eyed the providence of God in hith- 
erto withholding my entrance into the ministry; and being always 
ready to serve my God, I hope from truly religious views, I accepted 
a unanimous invitation of the .church and ('ongregation, though 
on a small salary, [of only £60 ster. pr. ann.] & my Fire- 
wood."] 

" I removed then to Newport in Rhode Island, where I was 
ordained Oct. 22, 1755, set. 28, my Father preaching the Ord** Ser- 
mon which was printed. He was now net. 58. God was pleased to 
guard me thro' the various Temptations of youth, so that I passed & 
escaped them with great Purity: tho' my Passions & Appetites were 
vigorous." 

This Ordination Sermon, which his venerable father must ha'^^e 
preached with something of David's joyful emotion at the coronation 
of his son Solomon, was from the text, 2 Tim., ii. 1, " TIiou, iherefore, 
my son, be strong in the grace which is in Christ Jesus y In it he 
speaks of his son as " the Person whose solemn separation to the 
service of the Sanctuary is now before us;" bids him ** hold Bigotry 



THi CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 151 

in abhorrence and behave respectfully towards the several Denomina- 
tions of professing; Christians who don't happen to view things in just 
the same Light that we do, for Bigotry is the Poison and Bane of 
Social Virtue." He tells the church to be friendly to his son, ** for 
the Work, take it in all the Compass, more than any other Kind of 
Labor tends to exhaust the radical Moisture, waste and drink up the 
animal Spirits, dry the Bones, Consume the Flesh and Body, break 
the vital Cord, and deprive Men of the Residue of their Tears. 
Properly support him, for Ministers cannot live upon the air nor 
command that Stones be made Bread for the Work." These were 
words evidently drawn from the depths of his own pastoral ex- 
perience. 

Mr. Stiles, on the 10th of February, 1757, was married to Eliz- 
abeth (the eldest daughter of Col. John) Hubbard, of New Haven, a 
woman of excellent accomplishments and good character, and who 
made it her life-work to relieve her husband of domestic care. ** Mr. 
Stiles, in return," says their great-granddaughter, Mrs. Kate G. 
Wells, " dutifully informed his father-in-law of all the various births 
and sicknesses in the family ; but — what modem wife would allow her 
husband to write thus to an aged pai'ent : 

Newport, May 31, 1773. 
Honoured Sir, — This acknowledges your kind Letter to my Wife. It was very 
agreeable to find under the Decay of Nature such a specimen of the Continuance 
and Strength of your Mental Powers, and that you enjoy the Comforts of Eeligion 
amidst your Infirmities of the Outward Tabernacle. We all unite in our Duty to 
you and to Mother. Y'^ dutiful son, 

EzBA. Steles. 

The residence at Newpoi-t, upon which he hatl now entered, 
opened a new and wider field for all his mental activities than he had 
before enjoyed. Devoting himself assiduously and with heartfelt 
interest to the work of the ministry, he also found opportunity (by 
that careful economy of time which so especially distinguished him) 
to carry on and extend those literary and scientific investigations in 
which he so delighted. The Redwood Library, at Newport, which 
consisted at the time of his settlement there of some 1,500 volumes, 
and which was afterwards much enlarged by books imported from 
Europe under his own selection, was a great delight to this insatiable 
scholar. He enjoyed its benefits for over twenty years of residence 
there, and was its librarian; and it cannot be doubted that its priv- 
ileges contributed largely to his preparation for the presidential chair 



152 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

to which he was afterward called. His advantages, also, at this time 
were great, for Newport was a wealthy and cultured to\^'n, and as the 
admired and beloved pjistor of a lil)eral and intellectual congregation, 
he found himself surrounded bv every a^lvantage and influence which 
could contribute to his mental and social growth and enjoyment. 
Consequently, all his literary- activities came into full play; nothing 
seemed to escape the attention of his inquisitive mind. He \^Tote a 
letter in Latin to the Principal of the Jesuits College in Mexico to 
ascertain what discoveries had been made on the American conti- 
nent north of California. By means of a correspondence in London, 
he endeavored to obtain the earliest intelligence of p]uro})ejui travel 
and discovery on the northwest coast. Meeting with a learned Jew 
from Syria, he wrote in Latin to a Greek ecclesiastic in that country 
to obtain, if possible, an exact geographical description of Palestine, 
a map of the region, and an accoimt of the religious rites and poht- 
ical condition of the inhabitants of Central and Southwestern Asia. 
The design of this inquiry was to discover, if possible, the ten lost 
tribes of Israel, a favorite subject of his researches. He directed his 
attention to the character and customs of the North American Indians, 
and commenced a course of experiments in chemistry. 

On the 23d of April, 1760, he delivered before the Convention 
of Congregational ministers of Rhode Island, assembled at Bristol, 
" A Discourse on the Christian Union," [Text PhiUippians iii, 16] 
which was printed and which attracted much attention and com- 
mendation, both at home and abroad for the good sense and learn- 
ing, the impartial love of liberty, and the spirit of CathoUcism to- 
ward all parties, wliich it displayed. Referring in his MS, Birthday 
ReflectioTiSy 1767, to this sermon, he says: "To pass innumerable 
instances of a kindly interposing Providence, I mention a most mem- 
orable one in delivering me from the malicious designs of my ene- 
mies in the days of the Stamp Act, 1765. The Episcopalians of New- 
port are my inveterate foes. As a body they were for the Stamp 
Act. From 1755 to 1760, while they labored & flattered my Con- 
formity, they were friends and treated me with vast kindness. My 
sermon on the Xtian Union, 1760, disobliged them by showing their 
number in New England a Trifle comi)ared with the Dissenters, and 
the utter improbabiUty that the Episcopacy shoidd swallow up the 
other sects of Xtians, a Thing which they had bruited abroad. From 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY. 153 

this time they continued my Enemies, & nothing (but Immorality 
of which they could never accuse me) was too vile to attribute to 
me. Accordingly their principal Pillars ascribed to me all the vio- 
lence committed here in Augt. 1765, in which I had not the least 
part. Not contented with aspersing my Beputation here, they trans- 
mitted to the Lords of the Treasury in London, in 1765, an accusa- 
tion & capital charge, designing as they said to take my Life for 
Treason. And had not that unhappy Act been repealed, I should 
have been sent for & carried home in chains to sustain a Trial for 
my Life. How far they might have carried it I know not, but their 
Malice was high, equal to the subornation of Witnesses to support 
any accusatiou. At aU events they intended to have me involved in 
great Danger. I wrote a letter to Dr. Franklin which was laid 
before their Lordships with eflfect, and a merciful God by the Repeal 
of the Act, bro't about the DeUverance of me & my country.'' " This 
sermon shows to what great extent he had, at this early period, pushed 
his inquiries concerning the past history and the present state of the 
reformed churches, at home and abroad. No man, perhaps, was 
better qualified than he to estimate the differences and the agreements 
among Churches, especially in New England, and to point the way to 
Christian fellowship and union." This sermon as printed consisted of 
128 pages, of which, fortunately for his hearers, forty were not delivered 
in the preaching. 

On the occasion of a public Thanksgiving, observed in Rhode 
Island, Nov. 20, 1760, by order of the Assembly of that Colony, on 
the capture of Montreal and the reduction of Canada, Mr. Stiles in 
a discourse then delivered, mentions the probability of a political 
event little contemplated, at that time, by the most sanguine advo- 
cates for liberty, but which he lived to see fulfilled. In considering 
the advantages of America, compared with Europe, having observed, 
that " we are planting an empire for better laws and religion;" he 
adds, " it is probable that, in time, there will be formed a Provincial 
Confederacy, and a Common Council, standing on free provincial 
suffrage. And this may, in time, terminate in an imperial diet,* 
when the imperial dominion will subsist, as it ought, in Election." 
This deep insight into the political tendencies of the times are still 

* Alluding, probably, to the goyemment of Qermany, composed (though not by election) of 
the heads of the several States belonging to that Empire, and forming one great Confederacy. 
imperial diet Is but another name tor Continental Conobbbs. 



154 THE STILES GENEALOGY, 

further revealed by the prophetic words to which he gave nttei-ance, 
in his discourse on the occasion of the death of King George II., and 
the ascension of George III., preached January 20*** 1761. After 
a review of the administration of the late king, paying the respect of 
a dutiful subject to his memory, and noticing the auspicious circum- 
stances attending the ascension of his successor, he a<lds : "What 
remains, but that we religiously implore the divine superintendence 
and blessing on his future reign ? * ^ * * Since much will depend, 
still, on ihejuHt exercise of the prerogative, with which, by the Brit- 
ish constitution, and universal explicit suffrage of our empire, he is 
now vested; it will not be ungrateful to him to know, that he is, 
every Lord's day, accompanied to the throne of grace, with the fer- 
vent addresses of half a million of loyal Christians, in New England, 
for that supernal influence on his royal mind from the Supreme 
King of the universe, by whom subordinate kings reign, and princes 
decree justice. Tliis will be the more necessary for us to continue, 
on our pai*t, not only from the eflicacy of joint and ardent supplica- 
tion, but from the possible exigencies of New England, which may 
FALL WITHIN THE PERIOD OF HIS MAJESTY'S REIGN. As there ai^e men, 
who have a mighty opinion of retrenching the liberties of these colo- 
nies, or throwing a net of policy over them, which may amount to a 
deprivation; so, if these, with their projections, should gain access 
to his Majesty's ears, mistaken representations may induce his 
majesty to accede to measures of unhappy consequence to the 
Liberty of AmeIqca." 

This year (1761) he commenced a course of chemical experi- 
ments, which he continued for several succeeding years. He also 
began those inquiries respecting the number of Indians in North 
America, their national customs and religious rites, which he long 
prosecuted with ardent curiosity and unwearied diligence. 

In 1763, Dr. Franklin having lately presented him with a Fahr- 
enheit thermometer, he began (Jan. 1st) a series of thermometrical 
and meteorological observations which he continued with very little 
interruption, with his own hand, till within two days of his death. 
They compose a rich treasure in this department of science, and are 
contained in six quarto volumes of manuscript, now in the library of 
Tale College. This year he also commenced a correspondence with 
the learned Dr. Lardner, of London, which he maintained very nearly 
to the time of his death. He also commenced experiments for the 



THE COMMECTICUT FAKiLY. 155 

raising of silk wonns, and for the culture of silk; and wrote letters 
abroad to obtain information on the subject from the silk manufac- 
turers. He kept a journal, in which he interspersed remarks selected 
from various authors on the silk culture, particularly after the Italian 
and Chinese manner; and as he continued to make experiments, and, 
with great assiduity, to invite the attention of the community to the 
subject, for a series of years his journal, collectively, constitutes a 
quarto volume of the series of his manuscript, now in Yale College 
Library. 

He also interested himself extensively in securing for the Red- 
wood Library, which had been largely designed for the benefit of the 
ministers in Newport and its immediate neighborhood, a collection 
of theological writings, especially of those of the Fathers, and of 
ecclesiastical histoiy; and in the spring of the next year (1764) we find 
him soliciting from some of his foreign scientific correspondents, 
contributions for refurnishing the library of Harvard College, which 
had recently been consumed by fire. 

In 1765, he addressed a letter of inquiry (in Latin) to the Pre- 
fect of the University of Copenhagen, in reference to some very an- 
cient Hebraic and Arabic manuscripts, which had recently come into 
possession of that institution; his expectation and hope evidently 
being that a copy of the Yedas (the ancient and sacred books of the 
Hindoos) in the Sanscrit, were among these manuscripts. On the 
28th of March of this year, 1765, he received (through the influ- 
ence of Doctor Benjamin Franklin) the Degree of Doctor in Divin- 
ity, the diploma of which he received in 22d November following.* 
In grateful acknowledgement of the honor thus unexpectedly shown 
him, he addressed a letter, in Latin, to Dr. Bobertson, and to the 
Senatus Academicus, in that classical style and courtly manner for 
which his writings are distinguished. But, while he could not fail 
deeply to value such a mark of distinction, it does not seem to have 
turned his head. In a letter to his friend, Bev. Dr. Dana, congratu- 

* In an entry In his MS,^ PreB. SUlee says, Benjamin Franklin, *' unknown to me, procured 
from the University of Edinburgh and sent me a diploma S. S. T. D. I had been personally 
acquainted with him from 1756. During his residence In London as Agent for the ProTlnce of 
PennsylTanla, he corresponded with the Rev. Dr. William Robertson, Principal of the Univer- 
sity of Edinburgh, who issued my Diploma, dated 1766, March 28lh, signed by the Senatus 
Academicus, Seventeen Names and sealed with the University Seal. 

Dr. Franklin forwarded It In the Minerva.^ the ship on which Sir Henry Moore, Baronet, Gov- 
ernor, arrived at Ne^y York. I received It Novr 22, 1765, having not the least notice of it till It 
arrived at Newport. March 21, 1766, atat. 39." 



156 TH£ STILES GEHfEALOGr 

lating him upon having received the same d^ree, from the same 
honored source, he says: **But, dear sir, what is this elevation, 
what the highest academical honor, compared to that of a humble 
disciple, a faithful minister of the blessed Jesus ? What the honour 
of being enrolled in thj supreme order of litarary merit, and regis- 
tered in the archives of Edinburgh and Cambridge, to that of having 
our names tvrVten in tJie Lamb's Imok of life,'*' 

In the beginning of the year 1766 we find Doctor Stiles corres- 
ponding with those in England who were well acquainted with the 
people, laws, etc., of Hindoostan; especially as to the chronology 
and nature of the Sluistas (the sacred book of the Gt?nt(X)s); and as 
to whether the Jews, at Cochin and at Patna, were in possession of 
a Hebrew Pentjiteuch, and, tlu-ough all these inquiries, there appears 
his inappeasable dasire to trace, if possible, the Ten Lost Tribes 
of Israel. 

A design on the j^art of President Clapp, of Yale College, to 
resign his oflice, seems to have immediately directed the attention of 
the Corponition of that institution toward Dr. Stiles as a most fitting 
successor. A letter from a confidential friend, sounding him as to his 
views u|x>n such a contingency, elicited from him the following char- 
acteristic reply : '* You ask a delicate queston. I well know the dif- 
ficulties of that important oflice, and my inability to discharge it »dth 
advanta^je and honour. The title of a President, though eminent and 
honourable, is a laurel interwoven with thorns. If there are many 
flattering and agreeable things in such an employment, they are more 
than balanced by the difliculties attending it, as, indeed, is the case of 
all public oflSces whatever, of any considerable eminence. — I am not 
calculated for great usefulness; there are principles in my nature, 
chiefly my passions, which would defeat such an aim. To become a 
little useful, to be disciplined into a seraphic purity of soul, and to 
become sincerely pious, is all the glory of my life; but my choice is a 
retirement and obscurity, even beyond what I have hitherto been able 
to attain; in which, however, I purpose, by the leave of Providence, to 
be more and more enveloped; especially as I judge the less we have 
to do with the world and public life, the more we may perfect our- 
selves in the divine life, the life hid with Christ in God, which I 
have long determined shall be my chief aim. I conceive it infinitely 
difficult for the governor of a province, or the president of a college, 
to be conversant with, and prudently to adjust himself to, a great 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMiLY. 157 

variety of contrary views, dispositions, tempers, pursuits, and 
charactei-8, many of them very important, and not endanger the firm- 
ness of the moral principle. — I know so little of myself, indeed, that 
I may, perhaps, be unable to previously to pronounce the part I 
might take, on a contingency, which, in my apprehension, is impos- 
sible; though I am at no loss what would be a wise conduct." 

About the same time, also, he courteously but firmly declined the 
oflice to which he was elected, of a Fellow of Rhode Island College, 
although solicited by repeated deputations from the Corporation to 
accept it. 

This year, also, he copied for the first time, the curious inscrip- 
tion in the Dighton rock, which thus far has baffled all antiquaiians 
to decipher. • 

When nearly forty-one years of age, Dr. Stiles undertook 
a new study. Though the Hebrew language was taught at Yale 
College, while he was a student there; yet, not then expecting to 
enter the ministry, to which profession only this language was 
thought to be of use, he greatly neglected it. After his settlement 
at Newpoi-t, where he was curious to investigate the sense of some 
capital Hebrew words, he used to find, in Montanus' Hebrew Bible 
first the Latin word, then the Hebrew over it; then he compared the 
same word in dififerent texts, and guessed the sense. This, with the 
help of Poll Synopsis, gave him what trifling assistance he could 
gather from the Hebrew. Some light, indeed, he derived from the 
Jews at Newport, particularly from their Huzzans, or teachers, by 
asking them the import of these Hebrew words, which stood for par- 
ticular passages in the Bible. Proceeding iii the study of the Scrip- 
tures and of divinity, he felt the necessity of the knowledge of the 
Hebrew. His frequent attendance at the Jews' synagogue increased 
his wish to possess at least so much of it, as to see a little of their 
books and service. On receiving a diploma from Edinburgh his 
ambition was touched, or rather a sense of shame excited, that a 
Doctor of Divinity should not understand a language so important, 
and so easily acquired. But the delight of other studies, and 
the drudgery of learning a dead language, conspired to the con- 
tinuance of his neglect. At length, however, in May 1767, 
though advanced into the 40th year of his age, he concluded to 
attempt at least to read the language. At this time he knew but ten 
of the Hebrew letters. Having walked a few times on the parade 



168 



THE STiLES GEMEALOGY. 





REV. DR. EZRA STtLES. MRS. ELIZABETH STILES. 

These are reJuce'l from life-sized sUliouettes, nne bearing the Indorsement In Dr. Stiles' own 
liandwrlting, " Profile of Ezra Stiles, aet. 40, bare-beado 1. Taken by Henry Marcbant, Esq., 
Jan'y 27, 1767." the other endorsed bv Dr. Stiles, •* Elizabeth My Wife, aet 36, 1767." Probably 
taken at the same time and by the same person. In ixissesslon of Mrs. Kate Oannet Wells, of 
Boston, Mass., 

with the Hiuazan, who f^ave hiui the true power of the letters and 
vowels, he began to spell and read the Psalter. In the fii*st five days 
he read to the XlXth Psalm. Encouniged by his success, he *oon 
found himself able to read about ten pages every morning after 
breakfast. >iot long after, the Huzzan wrote for him the alphabet, 
with the vowels; gave him the sounds, and heard him spell most of 
the first Psalm. He also gave him the Eabbinical letters. This 
was his chief assistance. When he had read the Psalter; he began 
to translate it into Latin, and finished it in one month. After trans- 
lating a number of Psalms into English, he began to read and trans- 
late Genesis. During this period, he examined many passages and 
critical, important words, by comparing them, as used in difiterent 
parts of Scripture, " with great profit and satisfaction." He also 
examined other writings in Chaldee, and Rabbinical Hebrew; and 
the Samaritan character, in which the Scripture Hebrew was origin- 
ally written; " the present Hebrew Bible being in Hebraic language, 
indeed, but in the Chaldaic letter, in which Ezra transcribed it." 
Having read part of Genesis, all of Exodus, and the book of Ezra 
for the sake of the Chaldee in it, and much of the Chaldee in Daniel; 



THE CONNECTICUT FAItlLY. 159 

on the last of January, 1768, he began the translation of Genesis, 
and finished that l)ook, and Exodus, by the 12th of May. Thus, 
almost entirely unaided, within one year, he ** unexpectedly accom- 
plished the translation of the Psalms, Genesis, and Exodus." This 
year he also read considerable in Arabic; and learned the Syriac; 
and remarked " I doubt not it is e&sier to acquire all the oriental 
languages, expecially the dialect of the Hebrew, than any one modem 
European language. I could learn Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, Armen- 
ian, with less pains than the Latin only." 

He was this year elected a member of the American Philosophi- 
cal Society. 

On the 1st of January, 176.9, he commenced a Literary Diary, 
in which he recorded whatever appeared to him most worthy of 
preservation, in his conversations with persons of literature, or in his 
various and extensive reading. It records much curious and useful 
information on history, philosophy, religion, politics, war, and on 
every subject interesting to man. This valuable collection, contained 
in fifteen quarto volumes, each consisting of above 300 pages, is now 
one of the principal treasures of Tale College Library. The Doctor 
seldom permitted a day to pass without some addition to its pages; 
and the date of the last entry is only six days before his death. 

At this time, also, he began to write an Ecclesiastical History 
of New England, materials for which he assiduously collected for 
many years previous. It is greatly to be regretted that he did not 
altogether complete a work, for which, in the opinion of the best 
judges, he was singularly well qualified. But, the confusion of the 
war, which soon occasioned his exile from Newport; and the subse- 
quent complex cares and business of the college presidency, never 
allowed him to resume it. The manuscript, however, has been 
preserved.* 

His way of life, at the time, was very orderly. " The day 
began and closed with family and secret prayers and Bible reading 
in Greek or Hebrew — one chapter or more, in course, in the Hebrew 
Bible, and a portion of Arabic every morning, except on the Lord's 
day. Then he walked abroad and visited his fiock before and after 



* His son-in-law and biographer, Dr. Holmes, says : ** Toward the latter part of his life I 
asked him if he did not purpose to finish this history. He said he did not expect it, and added: 
'* I am so prone to leave things unfinished that I shall leave the great business of life undono." 



160 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

dinner, and in the intervals studied and wrote innumerable Latin 
letters and diaries. **I have for my amusement translateil into 
English, Eutychii Origines Ecclesia Alexandrina from the original 
Arabic, & can now read Arabic pretty freely." In his annual Birthday 
Reflections about this time, he says : " I have made but little pro- 
gress in the divine life, though I have endeavored daily to siurender 
myself up to God, but an annhilation of myself and entire submission 
to the infinitely holy will of God is not [yet] thoroughly eflfected. The 
most of last winter I si)ent in compiling the Ecclesiastical History 
of New England and English America. The Summer and Fidl have 
been, perhaps, too much consumed in making obsei'vations u|X)u the 
transit of Venus and Mercury and the Comet and numerous mathe- 
matical calculations upon them. God has mercifully spared to me 
my wife. May she be long continued a Blessing to me and my fam- 
ily^ * * * J jj^yg altered my sentiments as to the time when to 
begin the 2300 Evenings and mornings, and 1290 days in Daniel" 

Although Dr. Stiles' salary was small, his people by frequent 
gratuities, provided a decent and honorable support for his family. 
On the evening of Monday, Jan. 15, 1770, he instituted in his con- 
gregation, and at his own house, a monthly meeting of praise and 
devotional service, which was regularly maintained until the disi)er- 
sion of the church, in 1775, by the advent of the Revolutionary war. 
In October, he finished the reading of the Hebrew Bible, which he 
had commenced the year before; and his literary diary bears this 
witness to the faithfulness of the English translation of the Bible; 
'* I have all along compared the English and Hebrew together, and 
am able, from my own knowledge, to say, that the English transla- 
tion, now in use, is an excellent and very just translation, and needs 
very few corrections." He now entered upon the reading of the 
Rabbinical writings, of which he made an exhaustive digest. The 
year was, also, blessed to him in the fruits of his ministry. He 
speaks of having this year " considerable success in the ministry & 
admitted 28 Communicants," and of having "above six hundred 
souls Whites & inclusive of Blacks, about seven hundred souls" 
under his pastoral care, "for which I must account to the Great 
Shepherd at last." 

In the year 1771 his portrait was taken — which shows, in a 
rernarkable degree, the character of his genius and taste, tc^ether 
with a certain curious vanity, from which even so great a mind was 



7H£ COMMECTiCUT FAItiLY 161 

not altogether free. The portrait, following the minute directions 
which he himself gave, is charged with emblems, which he judged to 
be more descriptive of his mind, than the portrait, perhaps, is of his 
face. He is drawn in a teaching attitude, with the right hand on 
the breast, and the left holding a Bible. Behind, and at his left is 
part of a library, showing folios, among which can he descried, 
Eusebius, Livy, DuHaldes's History of China, the 2iohar, Selomo 
Jarchi, Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon and Moreh Nevochim, etc., all denot- 
ing his taste for history, especially that of the Boman Empire, of the 
Church during the first three centuries, and of the Ueformation. 
On another shelf are Newton's Principia, Plato, Watts, Doddridge, 
Cudworth's Intellectual System, and the New England divines. 
Hooker, Chauncey, Davenport, Mather, Cotton. At his right 
hand stands a pillar; on its shaft is a circle, and one trajectory 
around a solar point, as an emblem of the Newtonian, or Pythagorean, 
system of the Sun, planets and comets. At the top of the visible 
part of the piUar, and on the side of the wall, is an emblem of the 
Intellectual World, viz.: in a central glory, the name mnS surround- 
ed with white spots, or a field of azure. From each spot ascend 
three hair lines, denoting the tendencies of mind to the Deity, nnd 
communion with the Trinity in the Divine light. These spots denote 
systems of worlds and their tendencies toward the Eternal, Central, 
yet Omnipotent light. The motto is, All Happy in GtOD, " for, as 
there are only two worlds known to have revolted, they count as infi- 
nitesimal compared with other dimensions." At a little distance on 
the left hand is a black spot, 71Kw*, the receptacle of fallen angels, 
and the finally wicked, etc., etc. If these emblems may seem to have 
had their origin in a vivid imagination, it is certain that a common 
mind would never have devised them ; and they were evidently con- 
nected in his mind with sentiments of Deity, and of the divine gov- 
ernment, which were of the most elevated and sublimest nature. 

In August, 1772, we find him among other literary and ministe- 
rial pursuits, devoting much time to preparing a letter in Latin, of 
ten quarto pages, addressed to the Eev. Mr. Busch, a Moravian mis- 
sionary in Astracan, near the Caspian Sea ; or to any of the United 
Brethren laboring about Sareptii, near the Wolga — the purpose of 
which was to gain from them any information which they miglit pos- 
sibly afiford concerning the lost Ten Tribes of Israel. Convinced by 



162 THE STILES GEMEALOGY. 

the prophecies that these tribes would yet be restored to the Holy 
Laud ; and led to l)elieve by his previous investigations that they 
would be found within the region travei*se<l by these missionaries, 
and that they njight l)e found junong the roving hordes of Tai*birs, 
he compiled a compiMnlium list of questions as to their laws, religion, 
etc., etc., which could not fml, as he hoj^ed, to elicit some light upon 
this long vexed subject. The epistle closes thus: ** May Go<l 
Almighty prospj^r, may the belove 1 Xaziuene ])rosper, the indefat- 
igable labors of the brethren, especially yours, in preaching the 
Gospel to the Gentiles, in recalling the miserable sinners of the hea- 
then, let me add, the lost sheep of the House of Isn^l to the Sheep- 
fold of the divine Jesus. 

*' S'lch vven» his views of political and (/hristian lil)erty, that he 
considered all human beings, of whatever color, tribe, sect, or nation 
a« brethren of one common family ; and all Christians as fellow-dis- 
ci] )les of the same Divine Master. In NewjxMt there were many 
African slaves. Of 80 communicants in his church there were, at 
this time, 7 negroes. These occjisionally met, by his direction, in 
his study, wiien he discoursed to them on the great things of the 
divine life, and eteiii.d salvation ; counstdiug and encouniging them, 
and earnestly pressing them to niake their calling nnd election sure, 
and to walk worthily of their holy ju'ofessitm. Then, falling on 
their knees together, he |X)ured out fervent su])])licHti(ms at the 
throne of grace, imploring the divine bh^ssing upon then), and com- 
mending himself and them to the Most High.'' 

On his return, in October, from a visit to Connecticut with his 
wife, he found his congregation '^all in the flames by the pretiching 
of one Mr. Murray. This wjus cme of the most distiessing scenes I 
ever met with, being in great danger of having my flock alienated 
from me and so my comfort and usefulness at an end. A sore trial. 
But it pletvsed God to com|>ose all in Serenity and pem'e." 

The burning of the British armed scluxnier (his^xe, and the 
investigation of the affair by the Crown Commissioner at New]H)rt, 
in January, 1778, gi'eatly interested so active an observer of public 
events as Dr. Stiles. He animadverted strongly in his corraspond- 
ence, upon the appointment of that Commission, {is being ** arbi- 
trary, justly obnoxious and alarming ;" and speaking of the Commit- 
tees of Correspondence w^hich wen* immediately aj)pointed by the 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 163 

several Colonial Assemblies, and the " Resolutions and Measures " 
then b3ing circulated atnon^ them, he adds in the true spirit of polit- 
icjvl prophecy, as the event afterward proved : " These Assembly 
Committees will finally terminate in a General Congress, than 
which nothing can be more alarming to the ministry." Indeed, his 
letters and maimscripts, at this time, foreshadowed with great clear- 
ness the important political events which were so near at hand. 

At this time, also, he made the acquaintance of Haijm Isaac 
Carigal, a Jewish Eabbi, then on visit to Newport. This person, a 
man of varied learning and obsei-vation, who was perfectly familiar 
by travel and residence, with the Holy Land, and with all parts of the 
Continental Europe, wa« a most congenial companion ; and it can be 
imagined with what keen delight the Doctor enjoyed his society, in 
the study of the Hebrew, the discussion of abstract points in the 
Scriptures, the usjiges of the modern Jews, and the tracing of the 
destiny of that peculiar people, by the light of prophecy. Tiiey wei-e 
chosen friends while together, and corresponded in Hebrew while 
apai-t ; one of Dr. Stiles' Hebrew letters on the Divinity of the Mes- 
siah and the glory of his kingdom occupies 22 quarto pages. The 
Rfibbi. listened, by invitation, to a glowing sermon preached by the 
Doctor on the subject, fi-ora Psalm CVI., 4, 5, and the Doctor very 
frequently attended the worship of the Jewish synagogue at New- 
port, both at this time and afterward. His relations to the other 
Rabbles and to the Jews generally in Newport were most pleasant. 
" Such rare and unexpected attentions from a Christian minister of 
distinction, could not but afford peculiar gratification to a people 
conscious of being a * proverb and a by-word among all nations.* 
To him they accordingly paid every attention in return, and expressed 
a pecuUar pleasure in admitting him into their families, and into 
their synagogue." 

In 1773, which he mentions as "a Year of Singular Trials," he 
had a renewal of the trouble in his church, from which he had suf- 
fered as before mentioned, 1772. " From my settlement in the 
Ministry at Newport in 1755 to the Fall of 1772, there 8ubsiste<l the 
greatest Love & Harmony between me & my congregation. Being 
absent on a journey in Sept. 1772, at that time one Mr. Murray, a 
silk- weaver, having come to America & set up preaching at Jerseys, 
Traveled hither & api>earing in Character of a Minister some of my 



164 TU£ STILES G£if£MLOar. 

Committee iavited him to preach on LonVs day in my pulpit — 
which he did to an)3.zing acceptance & put the Congregation into a 
Frenzy & Distraction. On my return, T found his character doubt- 
ful & gently discountenanced him, which gave great oflfense to my 
Congregation. However, he went away & I said but little and things 
cooled down. However, in Oct. last [1773] he returned again & 
kindled up the old Flame. He holds universal salvation, is cunning, 
subtle, artful & calculated to seduce. As a faithful Shepherd I have 
opposed him openly. I expected to have disgusted the most of them, 
but perhaps a dozen families (4 or 5 of them are my principal sup- 
port) are irreconcileably offended. I had thought when I entered 
the Ministry that a minister with prudence and condescension could 
secure the affections of his people, but I am convinced that Qod has 
holy ends in view in letting loose the Adversary. I cannot recollect 
any material imprudence in my own conduct ; nor was it charged 
upon me. It is a dark day with me. I commit myself and my flock 
to Gk)d, and desire to walk humbly, yet testify the truth undauntedly." 

In January, 1774, he was one Lord's day, unable to perform 
the duties of the sanctuary — a fact which he notes as being the only 
instance of the kind since his settlement in the Ministry. But, as 
his biogiapher observes, " There is reason to believe that too close a 
confinement, and an intense application to his studies, contributed to 
this ilh]e8s ; for it appears by his diary, that, on the day preceeding 
his seizure, he was in his study twelve houre !" 

On the 30th of June, observed throughout the Colony of Rhode 
Island as a day of Public Fasting and Prayer, in view of the threat- 
ening aspect of public affairs (especially the acts of Parliament re- 
specting America, and particularly the blocking up of the port of 
Boston) he preached a very eloquent and forcible sermon from the 
text Esther IV., 3 — ** Andin every Province, whithersoever the King's 
commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among 
the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing, and many lay in 
sackcloth and ashes." 

His views of these measures of the British Ministry, etc., are 
fully indicted by the following abstract from a letter to Rev. D** 
Rodgers, of New York : ** We have lived to see and feel heavier 
oppressions than our forefathers ever felt in America. Heretofore, 
we had a King only to struggle with — now, the united force of the 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 165 

ParliameDt, army and navy. May the God of our pious ances- 
tors deliver us ! De Repvhlica non est desperandum. We are not 
disheartened. * * * The whole of the present system of Parlia- 
mentary domination stands on the single question of Taxation tvithout 
Representation, This is too great a question for the future millions 
of America ever to suffer to be finally determined in the affirmative." 

To his friend Mrs. Macauley (the authoress) in England, he 
writes (July 30): " The last and recent stroke of Parliament at our 
liberties, has astonished America into a real and efficacious union, 
which it is beyond the power of Europe to dissolve. * * Not a 
politician in Europe, not even a single man in America, believes that 
the increasing millions of this continent will always submit to des- 
potism. There are many means of redress. We shall not be discour- 
aged if all prove unsuccessful, till we come to the last, the success of 
which is indubitable. We shall continue our (at present) useless 
and repulsed supplications to our King; remembering that the hearts 
of princes are in the hand of the most High, and that He tumeth 
them whithersoever He will. But, if oppression proceeds, despotism 
may force ^an annual Congress ; and a public spirit of enterprise 
may originate an American Magna Charta, and Bill of Rights, sup- 
porting with such intrej)id and persevering importunity, as even sov- 
ereignty may, hereafter, judge it not wise to withstand. There will 
be a RuNEMEDE in America.' 

This year he writes: **The state of my Flock is more 
composed and comfortable, though it has not quite recovered from 
the shock it received. My son Ezra is now 15|, I have initiated 
him into some acquaintance with the Oriental languages. He has 
translated 100 psalms in the Hebrew psalter and learned some Chal- 
dee, Syriac, and Arabic. By reading myself the Targums of Onkelos 
and Jonathan in the Syriac N. T. and in the Zohar I have gained 
great Lights in Divinity." 

In the early part of 1775, the public commotions which agitated 
his patriotic heart, were superseded in part by the shadow of a great 
domestic trial. His beloved wife — for some time afflicted with a 
pulmonary complaint — was called by death on the 29th of May, 8b 44, 
leaving him overwhelmed with the deepest sorrow. While her pri- 
vate virtues had endeared her, in the highest degree, to her husband, 
children and domestics ; her beneficence and diflfusive charities had 



166 7-^£ ST/LBS GENEALOGY 

secured the esteem of the Society, who joiiieii with tlie family in 
paying an affectionate tribute to her memory. " My kind people," 
the Doctor gratefully notices, ** clothed the whole family, and were 
at the ^bole expense of the funeml." He says in his BiHhday 
R 'flections : ** She w<is an Honor to her Sex, and it will be an honor 
to her posterity to have descended from a woman of so much merit 
& excellence." 

From the grief into which he was thus thrown he was now for- 
tunately aroused by the imminent pressure of public events. On 
July 20th, at the recommendation of the Ccmtinental Congress, a 
Continental Fast was observed throughout the Colonies, on which 
occasion Dr. Stiles i)reached two sermons (A. M. from Amos III., 1- 
1 ; P. M. 2 Chron. XX., 11-13) to the most crowded assembly he 
had ever addressed from his own pulpit. It was proposed that the 
afternoon discourse should he printed ; but, with his usual reluctance 
to the puUication of his own works, he declined the proposed. 

In September, he visited the camp at Cambridge, and spent sev- 
eral days there, and in its vicinity ; during which time he took an 
accurate dmught of the American encampment ; a list of command- 
ing officers, according to their different divisions ; an estimate of the 
number and pay of the troops ; and whatever interested his inquisi- 
tive mind. It may here be remarked, that this was his ciintcm, 
during the entire coui-se of the war which followed, whenovei*, by 
personal inspection, or by reliable information he could procure the 
data for such rough sketches, or maps jind estimates : and his Diaiy 
is full of these memoninda, which h ave already proved of great 
value and interest to modern histographers, in dealing with the mili- 
tar\ movements of the American Eevolution. 

During the mouth of October Newport was directly menaced bp 
a British fleet; and evacuated by one-half of its inhabitants, com- 
prising two-thirds of his congregation ; and on the 23d the remnjint 
of his Society met, and judged it expedient to discontinue public 
worship during the winter, in consideration of the present evacuated, 
distressed and tumultous state of the town ; and recommended Dr. 
Stiles' removal to Bristol, for present safety. The very next day, 
however, it appears that, reluctant to a separation from their beloved 
Pastor, they circulated a subscription, and collected a competent 
sum for his support. This very deranged state of his congi-egation 



THE COMMECTICU Y FAMILY. 167 

did not interrupt his active services for the promotion of their relig- 
ions interests. 

From the beginning of November, until the middle of March, 
1776, he remained in the now nearly deserted and sorely threatened 
town, passing with his "orphan family," as he says, "a Dreary Win- 
ter amidst Poverty & Distress ;" revolving in his mind many plans 
as to what he should do — either in teaching, or in sei*ving some 
vacant church, " Till it might please divine Providence to re-assemble 
his dear scattered flock." During this time he frequently preached 
to the soldiers. 

Finally, however, seeing that a war was inevitable, he sorrow- 
fully left Newport, as thus recorded: "I, Ezra Stiles DD., removed 
with my family from Newport & sat down at Dighton 15 March 
1776 to escape the Dangers at Newport during the Calamities of 
the present unnatural and cruel Civil War." 

While at Digliton, he recived two calls, one to the pastorate of 
the C(mgregational Church at Providence, R. I., and the other from 
the Church at Taunton, Mass., both of which he declined — as hop- 
ing that it might please God that his flock at Newport might yet be 
re-gat here 1. 

In his tranquil retreat he carefully observed, as he had at New- 
port, ev«ry public occurrence, and was assiduous to acquire authen- 
tic intelligence from every source. So long as Newport was the seat 
of war, he had frequent Jiccess to the officers of the American army, 
and to the most eminent politiwd characters, and the knowledge 
which he tlius gained, he daily recorded, with singular exactness, in 
a (piarto volume of nearly 400 pages, now in tne Library of Yale 
College. 

In Septf^mher of this year he commenced a comparison of the 
New Testament with the Syrijic Testament ; having previously fin- 
ished a comparison of the Old Testament with the Hebrew original. 

The year 1777 oi>ened tranquilly for him, engaged as he was 
in the performance of such pulpit service as offered in Dighton, 
(though occasionally to the remnant of his flock in Newport); and, 
as his biographer says, "Opportunities for taking part in several 
respectable ecclesijustical connextions, were designedly neglected." 
" Foreseeing," says he, " the lengths their systems would carry me, I 
stopped, and am, perhaps, more than any man of my extensive 



168 "^HE STILES GtNEALOGY 

acqiiaintauce and correspondence, alone in the world ; while I have 
the pure and daily pleasure of a conscious and cordial union with all 
the good — with those who love and those who hate me — with the 
numerous miUions who know me not — with the whole collection of 
characters in all nations, of every kind and degree of excellence, lit- 
erary or moral; above all, my soul unites most sincerely with the 
whole body of the mystical church — with all, that in every nation 
fear God, and love our Lord Jesus Christ. These, stript of all the 
peculiarities, which externally separate them from one another, and 
from me, I embrace with a true spirit of universal love. But, to 
love a whole character, or a whole church, or any whole fraternity, 
whether literary, religious or political, I do not find within me. 
Entering into whatever scene,^I meet with many incongruities, and 
am disgusted too much for acquiesence in any here below. I never 
shall cordially and externally imite with mankind, in any of their 
affairs, enterprises, and revolutions. There is a preference of sys- 
tems, but no perfect one on earth. I expect no great fellowship and 
open communication with mankind, but intend to become more and 
more the recluse ; waiting for the Rest of Paradise, where, I foresee, 
my soul will unite with perfection, and acquiesce in eternal universal 
harmony." 

March 14th he thus records the divine goodness toward him and 
his family, since their removal to Dighton. " This day, my family 
have been a year at Dighton. A gracious Providence has so sup- 
plied us, that I am not in debt for subsistence the year past ; and 
blessed be God, there is some meal in the barrel, and some oil in 
the cruise. Beside my pastoral employment among this people, I 
have two invitations to preach elsewhere — [vacant churches in Bos- 
ton and Eoxbury, which desired his assistance.*] Thus, while it 
has pleased God to frown upon me, in the dispersion of my Congre- 
gregation at Newport, yet his loving kindness he hath not utterly 
taken from me." 

On the 21st of April he received a unanimous call from the 
Church at Portsmouth, N. H., with what seemed to be an adequate 
comi^ensation and the expenses of his removal. "Certainly God 



* Beeidee this, the Rev. Dr. Clianoey, of Boeton, wroto to him to come to that city and volun- 
tarily offered him halt of what was weekly contributed to hla own support, It be would assist 
him in his ministerial work. 



. THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 169 

hath put it into their hearts to thus provide for me in exile — praised 
be his uame !" he says, in accepting the offer on the 2nd, ** I again 
removed my Family & sat down with them in Portsmouth N. Hamp- 
shire May 29 1777, where I ministered to the first Congregational 
Church therq for above a year."^ He gratefullv acknowledges the 
liberality of his new parishioners, who " fmiiished a good house for 
the reception of his family, and received him with all the kindness 
he could wish." 

But, happily situated as he now was, even to the completion of 
his wishes that he might be restored to his own flock, Providence A^as 
opening the way for his introduction into a more extensive s])here of 
public usefulness. The Rev. Dr. Daggett had recently resigned the 
Presidency of Tale College. In July, at a conference of the Corpo- 
ration, with a Committee of the General Assembly of Connecticut, 
chosen from each county ( of sucli importance in those days, were 
the interests of the College), the subject of the choice of a Presi- 
dent l)eing introduced, that Committee mentioned Dr. Stiles ** as 
the most proper person ; as one who would be the most acceptable 
to all ranks, so far as they had had the opportimity to know the 
pubUc opinion, in different parts of the State ; and strongly recom- 
mended him to the Corporation. "t On September 19th he received 
a letter from his friend, the Rev. Mr. Whittlesey, of New Haven, 
informing him of his election, on Septeml)er 11th, to this office, 
which was supplemented ( on the 27th,) by the official notice, 
presented to him in person, at Portsmouth, by the Rev. Mr. John- 
son, one of the Fellows of the College. In his reply, dated October 
2d, he expresses his own great distrustfulness of his qualifications 
for so great a trust, and says that he thinks it prudent to have a 
personal interview with the Corporation, as well as to ascertain more 
fully* the state of public sentiment on the matter, before accepting, 
the offer. True to his love for his Newport congregation, he 



* Ma$$. nut. OolU. Series I., Vol. X., p. 52. " Account of the Religious Societies In Ports- 
mouth, N. H. The late Dr. Stiles, < from Church Records.) precu;hed his first sermon In the 
North Parish, April 6, 1777, and agreed to remove to Portsmouth, and carry on the work of the 
ministry for one year, or until he should return to his flock In Newport. He accordingly, on 
the 29ih of May following, brought his family to this place, and staid till the summer of ihe 
next year, when he repaired to New Haven, having been previously chosen President of Yale 
College. From the beueflt of his Instructions and example, and from the acquaintance which 
the people formed with him during his continuance here, his name will long be mentioned 
with respect In this part of the country." 

t Letter of Rev. Dr Dana 



170 THE STILES GEMEALOGr. 

iiuinediately wrott* to them asking the 8(x;iety to call a meeting, at 
which lie might lay lK»for(» tlunn his call to the Presidency. On the 
2()th of the mcmth he set out for (Connecticut : and on the 5th of 
Novtnnher was intrcxluced to the (\)i'))oration, which, on the follow- 
ing (lay unanimously elected him Professor of Eccle>^astical Historj', 
in conjunction with the Presidency. He **very fully laid l)efore 
then) all his own deficiencies, and what they must not expect (Yom 
him, paiticiilarly his infirm health, want of talents for government, 
and r^mhts of l)econ)ing ac*cej>tal)le to the ministers, the Assembly, 
and the public. He also connuunicated to them his sentimf^nts in 
religion, lK)th with res[>ect to the system of theology, and ecclesias- 
tical |K)lity, and desired them particularly to ctmsider wherein he 
coindded with and diifered from others. ** I did this," saith he, 
" with all sincerity, as in the presence of GikI. I requested them 
to take full knowledge of me, on these and all other accounts, and 
to interrogate me to their full satisfaction.'' He was thus careful to 
come to a full and perfect understanding with them, lKH?ause, as he 
writes in his Divthdaif Reflections, "This call wtus entirely un- 
ex[H^cted,* especially tis I tho't myself rather obnoxious to the 
ven€»mble Corpoi^tion and Ministers, pai-ticularly on account of my 
(ronduct in some ecclesiastical matters. But there has been a 
wonderful alteration in the public opinion ;" and again, in speaking 
of this journey, " I am everywhere told the Body of the Pastors and 
citizens in that State ap])rove the choice." 

Pjussing through Lebanon, on his nitum to Portsmouth, he 
waited on (lovcTnor Trumbull. Invitinl to an important ofMce 
within the St.ite over which he ])resided, he ** held it his duty to 
]).iy his respects to the first magistrate, and refer himself to his 
wisdom and advice in the affair."' The (xovernor, with great cordial- 
ity, approved the choice, and wished him to accept it ; assuring him 
of all the kind oftices in his powt^r, and his influence with the 
Ass(^mbly. Dr. Stil(»s, yi}i distrustful of his duty, also consulted the 
ministei-s of Boston, among whom he hml many intimate friends ; 
and the ministers of his own ( Rhode Lsland) Ass(Hnation ; and 
(^mploye<l every proper and delicate ])recaution to find out what the 
[mblic and Providence thought ; h(» jisked counsc^l of judicious and 



• That l8, as he says In his Diary. " not but that It has been talked of for years past ; but I 
knew such reasons as made It, In my view, morally Impossible that I should be elected." 



THE CONNECTICUT FAH/tr. 171 

Christian friends, and of God, — feeling for his own part, that as he 
had "a whole eternity in which to rest, why should he not now gird 
up his loins and assume the laborious office ?" He spent days in 
fasting and prayer. Meanwhile, fresh complications arose from a 
very pressing invitation from the Portsmouth Church, which he was 
then serving, to l)ocome their pei-manent pastor.* But, finally, he 
writes, "I am convinced that another door of usefulness has heen 
opened to me. Providence has so ordered things that I scarcely 
have an option as to secular motives.'' He goes to New Haven, 
believing that his " election is agreeable to the Ministry, the General 
Assembly, the State, and to God, and deeply im])iessed with the 
responsibility of taking charge of a college which was primarily 
designed as a school of tlie ])roj)hets to train up ]nistois for the 
churches ;'' for, as he had beconie '* less a Newtonian and njore a 
Christian *' preaching w.is to him a serious duty. 

On March 19th, 1778, he relinquished his pastoral clnirge ?^t New- 
port, and bade farewell to his church and congregation at New})ort, 
Ills valedictoiy being ref)lete with expressions of paternal tender- 
ness, and exhibiting in a most interesting manner his ministerial 
character. 

As a preacher, his earlier discourses were philosophical and 
moral, nor did he then excel in prayer or Dossess that holy freedom, 
for which he was afterwards so distinguished. His natural abilities 
were assiduously cultivated by reading, meditation and pmyer ; and 
the rich treasures of learning which he had accumulated were mmle 
tributary, though without ostentation, to the elucidation of religious 
truth. Faith and Rej^ntance, the doctrines of the Trinity in Unity, 
the Divinity and Atonement of Christ, were his favorite themes, 
handled in a plain, practical and pungent manner. " He used great 
plainness of s])eech in his public discourses, dispensing with those 
ornaments of language wliich are better calculated to entertain the 
hearer, than to render him wise to salvation. To the careless and 
profane he was a Son of Thunder ; to the thoughtful and serious, a 
Son of Consolation. He preached with commanding eloquence and 
fervor ; his sermons were instructive and pathetic, acceptable and 
improving to the learned, and intelligible and practically useful to 
the ignorant. He was a favorite with the lower classes ; and 

♦January 27, 1778.— Called to Ch. Portsmouth. March 18.— Declined call to P.— AV/- Honk: 



172 THE STILES GEMEALOGV. 

especially (liuin<ij his Presidency, lie [ireferred obscure villages, as the 
senile of his iK'Cfisioual ministratious, to the more i)olite and wealthy 
towns. As a pastor he wjvs accessible, and had a hap])y manner in 
Conducting house to house visitation among his }ieo])le, as well as 
of seizing op])ort unities to remind them, in various wavs, of their 
duty to God. His manner with children, especially, was tender and 
judicious. It was said of him, as of his Master, that he "gathered 
the land)s with his arm Jind ctirried them in his bosom." In the 
discipline of the church he united zeal with discretion : *' most 
matt' us/* lie observed, *' may be settled in a private way, without 
hazarding brotherly love ;'* but if censure became needful, he 
administered it with tenderness, yet with the dignity of one having 
authority. In the offices of devotion, especially on extraordinary 
occasions, he wjis remarkably [)tirtinent, copious and fervent and 
eminent in ])rayer, in which, indeed, ** he often seemed to be 
singularly warmed and raised to a noble degree of earnestness and 
devotion, as though the spirit of adoption was poured out upon 
him.*' His sj)irit'of Catholicism — singularly broad for the day in 
which he lived — we have already adverted to ; but it never led him 
to countenance prevailing errors, or to affect the slightest indif- 
fennice to religious sentiments; "avei*se to disputation and scholastic 
subtilities in divinity, instead of discussing theological subjects 
c<mtroversially, he chose the happier method of refuting Error by 
maintaining Truth.'' 

On the 19th of A})ril, 1778, having formally accepted the call 
to Tale College; in settling his affairs preparatory to removal, he 
delil)erately nianumitted his negro man-servant, Newport. 

The story of the purchase of this black servant, and of its 
conse(juences still livas in family tradition. Shortly after his settle- 
ment at Newport, and after his marriage and commencement 
of housekeeping, one of his parishionei-s, who was fitting out a vessel 
for the Guinea trade kindly proposed to him that he should send a 
" venture " in that vessel and purchase a l)oy at no other expense 
than the prime cost in Africa. The simple hearted pastor accepted 
the offer with due thankfulness, and a small keg of New England 
rum was put on board as his "venture" in the voyage. In due time 
the ship retiimed, and in the cargo was a little blackamoor, who was 
taken into the ministers household in the ca])acity of a servant of all 
work, and who, his original and heathen name having l)een lost, 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 173 

received the name of " Newport," or, as he was sometimes called for 
shortness, " Newp/' He wjis a naturally intelligent and tractable boy, 
and soon Ix^came affectionately attached to his new home, to his 
new mastei', and his family. After he had learned to express his 
thouglits in English, it happened one day that his kind master, 
passing tlirongh the kitchen, found him sitting there alone, and in 
tears. "Whit is the matter, New|X)rt? What are you crying for?'" 
The poor boy^s answer was that he was thinking of his poor mother 
and father, from whom he had been stolen. Like a shaft of light- 
ning that answer went through the soul of Ezm Stiles. What had 
he done? Thenceforth he needed no argument to convince him that 
the slave trade is wrong. From that moment he felt that he owed 
to the })oor l)oy Newport a debt that could never be paid. 

Speaking of this manumission in his Birthday Refleciions, Dec- 
eml)er 10, 1778, (dated at New Haven) the President says: "Such 
was the liberality of my Portsmouth congregation that they more 
than paid all my debts. I was enabled to relieve the unensiness of 
my conscience by the Lil>eration and Manumission of my Negro 
Servant, whom I left at Newport, sui Jtiris^ a freed man; like Onesi- 
mus by the grace of God I had made him a Christian. I believe 
him to have experienced a saving change, a work of Grace on his 
heart. He never asked me for his Freedom. He was the best 
of Servjints. It was only my conviction of the Injustice and 
Barbarity of the African Slave Trade, in which I had imported 
him from Guinea, in 1757, that determined my conduct." 

Such was Newport's attachment to the family that, a few years 
after their removal from Portsmouth, he followed them to New 
Haven and, as an hired servant he again entered into their service. 
He remained with them for years after; and used to recount with 
pride how Madam Stiles, when she was dying, commended the 
Doctor and the children to his faithful care. How highly the 
Doctor estimated the character of this faithful servant appears from 
the following anecdote: As he was returning from the Chinch on a 
Lord's Day, after the communion, not long before his death, seeing 
this domestic walking home from the same sacred service, "There" 
said he, ''is Newport; if he dies as he has lived, I would rather be 
Newport than Aurengzebe." 

Arriving with liis family at New Haven, June 20th, 1778, in 
carriages sent to Portsmouth for the use of himself and family, 



174 T^HE STILES GEMEIkLOGY. 

by the Cor|>omtioii of the College, he entered at once upon his new 
duties, as thus chi-onicled in the ConnecfinU Journal: 

New Haven, July 15th, 1778. 
On Wednesday the 8th, inst., the Rev. Ezra Stiles, D. D , was inducted and 

inaugurated into the presidency of Yale College, in this town. 

The formalities t)f this insttUlation were conducted in the following manner: 
At half after ten in the forenoon, the students were assembled into the (Chapel, 

whence the procession was formed, consisting of the Undergraduates and Bachelors. 

At the tolling of the bell they moved forward to the President's house to receive 

and escort the Rev. Corporation and the President-elect, by whom being joined, the 

procession returned to the Chapel in the following order: 

The tour classes of Undergraduates, consisting of 
116 students, present. 

Bachelors of Arts. 

The Beadle and Butler, 

Ciirrying 

The CoUe^je Charter, Records, Kt^v and Siml. 

The Senior Presiding Fellow. 

One of the Hon. Council, and the President-Elect. 

The Reverend Cor]>or:iti(m. 

The Professors of Divinity nnd Niitural Philosophy. 

The Tutors. 

The Reverend Ministers. 

Masters of Art, 
Respectable Gentlemen. 

The Rev. Eliphalet Williams, Senior and Presiding Fellow, began the solemnity 
with prayer. The oath of fidelity t • this State was then administered to the Presi- 
dent-eh*ct by the Hon. Jabez Hamlin, Es<i., one of the Council of ilie State; which 
lieing done, the President-elect publicly gavt- his consent to the Ecclesiastical Con- 
stitution of this Government, and thereupcm the Presiding Fellow delivered a Latin 
orati<m well adapted t^ the occasirm; in which he committed the care, instruction, 
an«l Government of the college to the President-elect, and in the name and by the 
authority of the lU>v. Corporation, constituted him President (tf Yale CoUege in Xew 
Hni-eti, (Did Professor of Et'clesiastical History^ and delivered to him the charter, 
recr»rds. key and seal of the college. The President being seated in the chair Sir 
Dana, one of the Senior Bachelors, addressed him in the Auditory, in a beautiful 
Latin oration, delivered in a graceful manner. Then the President arose and 
])olitely addressed tlu* audience in an elegant, learned and animated oration in 
Latin, xipon the (\irlop(vdia or general system of universal literatxire; which for the 
bvmutyof classical diction, elevation of thought, and importance to the cause of 
learning in geuei'al, was worthy its author. After which an anthem, the 122nd 
Psalm Si^t to music, was sung by the students; and the President closed the 
solemnity witli a blessing. 

The Rev. (^orporatiim, Officers of the Institution, Ministers, and other respectable 
gentlemen, after a short recess in the Library, dined together in the College Hall; an 
eritertJiinment having been provided for the occasion. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAM/tr. 176 

War's rude alarms soon invaded the Doctor's retreat. The 
brief occupation of New Haven by the British, July 5th to 7th, 
1779, disturbed the college routine, and the President sent his 
family, together with the college records, papers, etc., and his own 
manuscripts, to a place of safety out of the town. 

A correspondence between the Doctor and General Tryon, in 
which he begs the return of a chest of President Clap's manu- 
scripts, which had been purloined by the soldiery, is equally 
creditable to the character of lx)th. 

Tlie following advertisement from a New Haven paper, throws 
H side light upon some of the peculiar difficulties of his position 
at this time: 

Yale College, Jannary 29, 1779. 

The students of Yale College are hereby notified that the present winter 

vacation is extended a fortnight from the 4th of next month. As this is occasioned 

by the difficulty which the steward finds in procuring flour or bread, it is earnestly 

requested of the parents that they would assist in furnishing the necessary supplies. 

Ezra Stiles, PresUient. 

In the Spring vacation of 1780, he visited Newport,, now 
evacuated by the British, and being there on the memorable 
" Dark Day," he attentively recorded its phenomena, and his 
account of it wtis published in the next day's Gazette, Here, 
also, he had a meeting with the Church and Society which still 
clung to him as their pastor ( havini< only employed a temporary 
supply since he harl left them), and obtained from them a 
generous, but sad release of their claims upon his pastoral care. 
He visited also, among them, ministering to them counsel, encourage- 
ment and comfort ; worshipped with them on the Sabbath amid the 
ruins of their desecrated church edifice; administered to them the 
Lord's Supper, and bade them " a melancholy farewell." 

Nearly 300 homes had been destroyed. " The town," he says, 
** is in ruins. But with Nehemiah, I could prefer the very dust of 
Zion to the Gardens of Persia, and the broken walls of Jerusalem 
to the palaces of Shushan." 

During his autumnal vacation tliis year, he again visiteil New- 
port, when he was introduced to Count de Rochambeau, Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Allied Army, to Marquis de Chastellux, to 
the principal French officers, and the Minister of France, Chevalier 
de la Luzerne, all of whom treated him with great politeness, the 



176 THE STILES GEMEALOGr 

fifenends each inviting him to splendic] dinners. This favoraMe 
opportunity of adding to tlie stock of his miHUiry, political and 
scientific information was not neglecttHl. 

In Se])tend)er, at the con)n)encenient of Dartmouth College, he 
received from the Coi-j)oration of that institution, the degree of 
D(K*tor of Divinity. The death of Prof. Diiggett, in November, 
devolved ui)on President Stiles the duties of the Professoi-ship of 
Divinity; and, l)esides his Eeclesiiustical Lectures, he gave weekly 
one or two disserbitions on some })hilosoj)hical or astronomical 
subject; and a private lecture on tlieology every Saturday afternoon, 
to a select number of graduates and students. In addition to these 
laboi-s, owing to the illness of another professor, besides his daily 
instruction of the Seniors, he attended a daily recitation of the 
Junior cLiss in philosophy, thus filling, in effect, the offices of these 
professorships, and of the presidency at the same time. 

On the 5th of January, 1781, he was elected a Counsellor of 
the American Philosophical Society; and, on the 31st, a Fellow of 
the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. An attempt which 
was mjide about this tinje, to withdraw the legislative patronage of 
the State from Yale College, gave nim some anxiety; and led to 
reflections inscribed in his Literary Diary, which are very illustra- 
tive of his character; and of the leading princijJes which, actuating 
his conduct through life, enabled him, amidst the conflict of jarring 
interests and passions, to preserve at once a good conscience, and 
the general esteem of mankind. ** It hath been the ordering of a 
holy Providence, that I have been called to meet with trials from 
those nearly connected with me in office, almost through life. I 
have been obliged to conduct with singular caution and pnidence. 
When a young cautlidate for the ministry, there were those who 
asi)ei*sed me with suspicions of heresy. I treated them with respect 
and benevolence. When I settled in the ministry at Newj^ort, 

Mr. , the Congregational minister of the other church, w^as 

suspicious and cold toward me. I disarmed him by silence and 
benevolence. When his ministry was ended, I hoped for a successor 
in whom 1 might be happy as a cordial brother. There was a 

prospect of this in an ingenious young man, Mr. A . But the 

church finally settled on Mr. H , of some sentiments very different 

from mine, while we iigreed very well in the general system of 
orthodoxy. As the prondence of God had brought us into a 



THE CONNECTICUT FAH/tr. 177 

connexion, I determined to learn and get all tbe good I could from 
him; treat him with respect and benevolence; and endeavour, as far 
as were agreed, to co-operate with him in building up the 
Redeemer's kingdom. And we lived together in peace and. love. 

" It has been a principle with me, for thirty-five 3 ears past, to 
walk and live in a decent, civil, and respectful communication with 
all; although in some of our sentiments in philosophy, religion and 
politics, of diametrically opposite opinions. Hence, I can freely- 
live, and converse in civil friendship, with Jews, Romanists, and all 
the sects of Protestants, and even with Deists. I am, all along, 
blamed by bigots for this liberality, though I think none impeach 
me now of hypocrisy; because I most freely, fully, and plainly, 
give my sentiments on every thing, in science, religion and politics. 
I have my own judgment and do not conceal it. 1 have no secrets. 
I hold it beneath the dignity of a philosopher, to suppress his 
sentiments upon anything. It is indeed unworthy of him to make 
up hasty opinions on every new subject which occurs. Upon these, 
therefore, he should discourse, in the way of search and inquiiy, 
till he lias formed his judgment; then let him express it; but 
without reprobating others, or treating them with acrimonious 
reflections, because they think differently. There is no passing 
through life without many undesirable connections. I will endeavor 
to enjoy my present situation, do the work faithfully, and leave the 
issue with the Most High, the supreme and all-wi>e Disposer of all 
events." 

A letter, written in Latin, about this time, to M. de Sevigny, a 
chaplain in the French army, gives a new proof of his generous 
and catholic spirit, and of his avidity for improvement in science 
and virtue. In this letter he observes, that he has ncquired much 
knowledge from great and learned men, of all sects of Christianity; 
nay, from Deists, from Mahomedans, and even from the disciples of 
the Bonzes and Brahmins; that the time has, or ought to have 
arrived, when religious disputes should be contemned, so far as 
either by an inimical or inquisitorial influence, they prevent a 
philosophical urbanity, and a most ample progress of the sciences, 
etc. 

This year, 1781, after an interval of seven yeai-s, caused by 
"war's rude alarms," the Oommencement of Yale College was 



178 THE STiLES GENEALOGY, 

celebrated in public. On this interesting occasion, Di*. Stiles 
introduc*ed the literary exercises, in the morning by a Hebrew 
oration, on Hebrew Literature; and, in the afternoon by a Latin 
oration. Li his usual Birthday Beflections, he this year records 
that *'the college has been studious, orderly, and to an agreeable 
degree, religious, the year past'' I take great pains to look carefully 
into the interior state of the college, and to converse with the 
students, seoisim^ [apart] both scientifically, and religiously. — I 
have endeavored to pi-each the unsearcliable riclies of ChrisV Speak- 
ing of his many duties, he says; "So that I have an amazing work. 
The good Lord strengthen me to it. I am principally concerned, 
lest I should instil some errors into the numerous youth. For, by 
the admission of 90 Freshmen, we have a collie of 224 under- 
graduates. May Qod give me grace to go in and out before them, 
in such a manner as shall be most for His glory." 

January 2d, 1782 the Professorship of Mathematics and Natural 
History having been vacated by resignation, the President gave a 
pubUc lecture on Natural Philosophy, in the chapel; and continued 
to give occasional lectures on the subject until the Professorial chair 
was again filled by appointment. 

During the vacancy in the Professorship of Divinity, he took 
the stated care of the college church; and, beside the public exercises 
of the Loi"d's day, he deUvered a discourse to the members of that 
church, on some evening in the week preceding the communion. 
These preparatory discourses were very solemn and pathetic; and 
delivered with all the tenderness of pastoral and parental aflfection. 
The induction into oftice of a new Professor of Divinity, in June of 
this year, reUeved the good President of this addition to his other 
varied and complicated cares. On the 17th of October, Dr. Stiles was 
married to his second wife, Mrs. Mary (relict of Esq. William) Check- 
ley, of Providence, R. L 

On the 8th of May, 1783, by the appointment of His Excellency 
Governor Trumbull, the President preached the Election Sermon. 
In view of the fact that a cessation of hostilities on the part of Great 
Britian had already taken place, and that a Treaty of Peace, (the 
preliminary articles of which had been signed in January) now 
promised the termination of a war which had lasted for eight 
years, it was not surprising that so ardent a patriot as Dr. Stiles 



THE CONNECTICUT FKMILY. 179 

should select as the theme of his discourse, on this auspicious 
ocoivsion, ** The United States elevated to Glory and Honour." This 
Sermon, which was printed, was founded on the text in Deutero- 
nomy, xxvi., 19, and sets forth what reason there is to expect that, by 
the blesf^ng of God, these States will attain that elevation; that 
our systepi of dominion and civil polity, would be imperfect with- 
out the true Religion; or that from the diffusion of virtue among the 
people of any commum'ty, would rise their greatest secular happi- 
ness, which will terminate in this conclusion, that holiness ought to 
be the end of all civil government. Of this Sermon it has been 
well said that, to examine it, '^or, indeed, any of his compositions, 
by the rigid laws of Criticism, would do it an injustice. Unfettered 
by rule, bis manner was entirely his own. Absorbed by his subject, 
he never paused to select his words, or to balance his periods. 
From tljQ plentitude of his mind, encircled with a vast variety of 
knowledge, 'he pours out a negligent profusion; certain of the 
weight, but careless of the stamp.'"* ** President Stiles may be 
compared to a deep, yet rapid stream, flowing along over an irregular 
coarse, often breaking over its banks, and enriching while it inundates 
all the adjacent fields." " His style," says Prof. Meigs, in his funeral 
oration, '' was polite and copious, though, perhaps, in some instances, 
rather too diffuse. Either in speaking or writing on interesting 
subjects, the ardent fire of his genius, and strength of his conceptions, 
sometimes lifted him above those rules of art, in compliance with 
which others may be very learnedly, critically, and exactly, dull 
and insipid. Let his Election Sermon be read with an equitable 
regard to the peculiarity of the genius and talents of its author, and 
it will not fail to interest the politician, the scholar, and the Chris- 
tian; for it contains a fund of political, scientific and theological 
truths." The college at this time had 270 undergraduates and the 
college church had also enjoyed a wonderful work of grace. 

In August 1784, the President was severely aiBicted in the death 
of his eldest son, Ezra, a young man of genius and talents, well qualified 
to make a distinguished figure in his profession at the bar. He 
left a wife and two daughters. 

In September, Dr. Stiles attended the Commencement at 

« Johnson. 



180 THE STILES GEMEMLOGY, 

Nassau Hall (Priucoton College) New Jersey, on which occasion, the 
Coq)oration of that collie conferred on him the degree of Doctor 
of Divmity, and the degi*ee of Doctor in Civil and Common Laws. 
On this journey, also, he visited Long Island, New York, Philadel- 
pliia, and the Moravian Fraternity at Bethlehem, keeping memoranda, 
after his usual manner, of whatever seemed worthy of presei-vation. 

Age seemed, in no degree, to diminish his avidity for improve- 
ment. A proof of this, and of the facility with w^hich he still 
acquired knowledge, a{)j)ears in his ready acquisition, June of this 
ye.ir, of the French language. Having attended to it, at his leisure, 
from the middle of July, imder the direction of a French teacher, in 
Noveml)er, he read through the first volume of llobertson's Histoiy 
of America, in French, in live days; and, soon after, Telemachus, in 
six weeks. He le.uned this language very opjx)rtunely ; for, about 
that time, Mr. Jeffei>w)n, then Ambassador at Paris, with whom he 
c )rres[H)nde(l, sent him several volumes of French books; and, in 
1787, M. de Marquis de Chastellux sent him his ** Voyages dans 
L' Aiuerique Septentrionale.'' 

In the Spring vacation of 1785, he visited Newport, where he 
preached the sermon (Text, Haggai ii., 9) on the opening of the 
newly repaired church edifice of his old and dearly beloved congre- 
gation. At Biistol, also, he assisted in the renewal of the Rhode 
Island Convention of Congregational Pastors, of which he had been 
the former Scribi^ and was made a permanent member. He also 
preached the Ctmventiou Sermon. His solicitude for the destitute 
churches in the Southei'n States, prompted him this year to coimsel 
his son-in-law, llev. Al>el Holmes, then residing for his he^dth in 
South Carolina, to l)egin to preach the Gospel in those parts. He 
offered every aid relative to his consecration for the work of the 
ministry, and by his advice, application was made by Mr. Holmes to 
the Corporati(m of Yale College, which formed an Ecclesiastical 
Council, and ordained him on the morning after commencement, in 
the Ci^llege Chapel, the President making the ordaining prayer. 

The year 178() opened in sorrow and mourning to the now aged 
man <60) on account of the recent death of his second daughter, Mrs. 
Keziah Taylor Sturges; and yet he willingly took upon himself the 
duties of the theological professorship — which chair had been tempo- 
raily vacated by the illness of its incumbent. 



THE COMMeCTICUT FAMILY. 



181 



In May, the pastoral relation, which had existed up to this 
time with the Newport Churcn, was dissolved by mutual consent, 





Facslmllie of a pen and Ink sketch 
of Pre^l'lent Stiles, by 8t. John Honey- 
wood, 1786.* 



Facsimllie of a pen and ink sketch 
of Mrs. Elizabeth Stiles, by St. John 
Honeywood, 1786.* 



and he assisted at the installation of the Rev. William Patten, who 
had been chosen as his successor. t 



* These likenesses are selected from among a number of portiait sketches of the President 
and his family, executed by Mr. St John Honeywood, a young gentleman of ingenious talent, 
who was for many years an inmate of the Stiles household. They are done In several styles, 
in India ink, pen and ink, and some are more or less finished as miniatures. The two which 
are here presented are facBimilieg of what appear to be the original pen and ink sketches, for a 
couple of highly finished portraits of Dr. and Mrs. Stiles which appear in the collectifin; 
and have been preferred to the latter on account of their greater and ani extreme delicacy of 
outline. In the finished India Ink copies, the portraits are each supported by graceful 
allegorical female figures, and rest upon entablatures. In the panels of which are. symbolic 
designs or i)lcture8, together with appropriate Greek and Latin mottoes, and inscribed, 
" 8. J. HoneywooJ, feict. 1786." This collection is the property of Mrs. Kate Gannet Wells, 
of Boston, Mass , who also possesses carefully executed miniature- of two of President Stiles' 
daughters, and a curious "Memorlam" piece representing a female figure standing by a 
tomb, two female forms near b} In attitude of grief, while, from the clouds above, the good 
President and his children who hai already died, look sympaihizlngly down upon the scene 
of mortal woe. This is surposed to have commemorated Ruth's death 

In Vol. X, of President Stiles' Ms, Diary, in Yale College Library ( page 160 , Is a full length 
portrait by Honeywood, of the President in full College dress (gown, wig, etc.) December 30, 
1780; on page 171. a curious classical bust of the President surmounting a small column; and 
on page 100, a sketch of Ezra Stiles, Jr., " ae 23, of Vermont, September 13, 1783." In a Ms. 
Vol., in same Library, entitled " Hebrew and Arabic," there is an engraved portrait of the 
President, " Honeywood, del." See also, the sketch on page 10 of this volume, 

It will be noticed that Mrs Stiles, whose portrait is above given, is the President's >Ir<< 
wife: no portrait seems to have been preserved of his second companion. 

t And who preached before this ooDgregation a Funeral Discourse, on the occasion of the 
President's death. Published at Szter, K. H., 1795, 8 vo. 16 pp. 



182 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

In the fall of this year he made a trip to Albany, Ft. Edward 
and Lake Gleoi^e. An incident of this trip is thus related by 
a young man, (a Mr. Honeywood), a former student and inmate 
of the President's family, who accompanied him on a part of 
this trip. Speaking of their visit to the battle ground of 
Bennington, where Count Baum, of the Hessians, was defeated in 
1777, he says: **Here occurred an instance of the President's 
humanity. At one of the houses, where we called to inquire 
concerning the battle, a gentleman showed us several human 
bones, which had been picked up in the fields. The tear of pity 
stole into the eye of my venerable companion; 'These, Sir,' said he 
to the person who showed them, * are the remains of some unhappy 
mortal. The desire of glory, or perhaps the commands of a 
tyrant, led him here. He is now no more. Let us forgive the 
enemy, and respect the man. Perhaps he has left a mother, a 
sbter, or even a tender connexion, who, at this moment, is lamenting 
his loss. How exquisite must their feelings be, did they know, 
that his bones lie thus neglected and unburied. For the honor of 
humanity, Sir, I will give your servant a reasonable compensation, 
if you will let him bury them in the earth.' The man to whom 
this pathetic request was addressed, seemed to feel but little, though 
he was very clever and obliging. I have, however, the satisfaction 
to assure you, that, on my return from Bennington, I enforced this 
request, and saw these remains of mortality interred in the parent 
dust." In regard to the visit to De Baum's grave, the same writer 
says; "We were disappointed to see the grave of this gi*eat com- 
mander so wretchedly neglected; and first thought of opening a 
subscription for the purpose of erecting a decent stone, but being 
informed that his mother is living in Gtermany, the President 
adopted the resolutions of writing to her, through the channel of Sir 
William Howe." 

In May, 1787, he was chosen a Corresponding Secretary of the 
Connecticut Society of Arts and Sciencies, of which he had, the 
previous year, been elected a member. His worthy and esteemed 
friend, Eev. Mr. Whittlesey, dying this year, received from the 
President the tribute due to his memory, in a most feeling Funeral 
Discourse, which was published. 

1788. Dr. Stiles', fondnesss for investigation, and his acquaint- 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 183 

ance with history and antiquity, appears in a correspondence 
between him and Noah Webster, Esq., (well known by his philo- 
logical and various other publications), on the subject of the fortifi- 
cations then recently discovered in the western country. This 
correspondence appeared in the American Magazine in 1788. 

He was this year admitted as an honorary member of the New 
York Society for the Manumission of Slaves. 

lii 1789, convinced, by observation and experiments, that 
the culture of silk might be carried on with success and profit 
in New England, he took great pains for the extensive distribution 
of mulberry seed, as the first step toward its manufacture. He sent 
an estimated quantity of seed to 80 ministers in Connecticut, with 
a printed circular letter, desiring them, by themselves, or by such 
persons as they might employ in their parishes, to sow, each, a 
nursery of 4,000 trees in a parish, on this condition : That at the 
end of three years three-quarters of the trees then living belong to 
the planters, and one-quarter to be distribuited gratis in the respect- 
ive parishes. 

About midnight of June 10th, his home was struck by lightning 
which tore out a rafter in the garret, splintered one of the floors, 




The Rector's House, occupied by Dr. Stiles during his Presidency. 

and did other mischief, but without harm to any of the inmates — of 
which merciful deliverance he makes feeling acknowledgement in his 
Diary. This house was the old College Rector's house, which since 
the later part of President's Clap's term of service had been used 
as the official residence of . the College President. We present 



184 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

herewith, a view of this edifice, which we owe to the courtesy of 
F. Holt & Co., publishers of The Yale Booh 

On the occasion of Gen. President Washington's tour through 
the Eastern States, and his visit to New Haven, ( October 17th,) 
President Stiles, (who had previously made his acquaintance in New 
York), composed and presented a respectful address in behalf, and 
at the head of the Congregational Ministers in New Haven. 

In August, 1790, he assisted in forming a Society for the 
Abolition of Slavery; and with foiu'teen others, signed its consti- 
tution. 

On the day after the public commencement, September 15, 1791, 
the President attended at the College Chapel, as a delegate, at a Con- 
vention of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the 
United States, and of the General Association of the State of Con- 
necticut, convened for the establishment of an explicit union and 
intercourse between these two ecclesiastical bodies, and the churches 
with which they are connected, an object which, as can be easily un- 
derstood, was very dear to his heart. 

In April, 1792, the President addressed to the learned traveler, 
Mr. Bruce, (whose works he had read with avidity, and had made 
extracts from, and copies of the maps into his Literary Diary), a 
letter full of explicit and minute inquiries concerning Abyssinian 
geography, historv and religions. 

This year, also, the General Assembly of Connecticut, passed 
an " Act " for enlarging the Powers, and increasing the funds of 
Yale College; wherein, as the condition of a very generous donation, 
the Gt>vernor, Lieut. Governor and six senior Counsellors were 
associated with its Corporation, in the government of the College. 
The. President, who had not expected such proposals from the 
Legislature as would meet the views of the Corporation, or coincide 
with their judgment of the original intention of the charter, was 
' agreeably impressed with this Act — considering it *' a gi'and and 
liberal donation, and a noble condecension," which "may be 
mutually beneficial, by preserving a religious mj^stracy, and a more 
catholic clergy. It will unite Moses and Aaron. It will extinguish 
the jealousy of the civilians towards the clei^, and promote a 
friendly disposition towards the College throughout the State."* 



♦ Lit. Diary. 



rm coNNiCTicur fam/ly. 185 

The President was chosen one of a Committee of four to the 
General Assembly, to solicit its sanction of a general constitution 
throughout the State, for the purpose of supplying missionaries to 
the northern and western parts of the United States — an object 
which was successfully initiate<l. In October, he was elected a 
corresponding member of the Massachusetts Historical Society. 

A letter received by him in 1793, from a gentleman in South 
Carolina, on the subject of erecting a monument to the memory of 
John Dixwell, Esq., one of King Charles' Judges, who lies buried 
in New Haven, "led the President to bestow particular attention to 
the history of the three patriotic exiles, Whaley, GoflFe and Dixwell. 
So profound a secrecy had been uniformly preserved concerning 
these unfortunate men, (the mention of whose names, when living, 
might have exposed them to death, or the discoveiy of whose graves, 
when dead, might have rendered their ashes liable to violation), as 
had occasioned the story of their adventures, and of their suflFerings, 
to be almost wholly unknown. The select few, to whom the secret 
was originally entrusted, handed it down with singuLu* care, by 
verbal tradition; and from the present living deix)sitories it remained 
to be recovered. Contemplating with admiration the chmticter of 
these men, whom he considered as the martyrs of liberty, the 
President had been for many yeai*s assiduously collecting, in dif- 
ferent parts of New England, all the notices of them which he could 
possibly discover. The reason for secrecy no longer existed — and 
the task which, twenty years l>efore, would have been impnicticable, 
was now undertaken with a pn)spect of success, and furnished an 
agi-eeable occupation to a mind passionately delighted with investi- 
gation, and glowing with the love of Liberty. Thus issued his 
** History of the three Judges," i>ublished in 1795. 

About this time, also, he translated from the Greek two letters 
of Dionysius the Areopjigite, on the miraculous eclipse of the sun 
at the Saviour's crucifixion; and wrote a Disseiiation on the authen-' 
ticity of these lettei-s — which writings were found sealed in his 
cabinet after his death, directed to his son-in-law. Rev. Mr. Holmes, 
for coiTBction and i)ublication. 

In January, 1794, he opened a correspondence with the cele- 
brated Oriental scholar. Sir William Jones, with a view of secuiing 
a copy of the Hebrew Pentateuch, which he supposed might possibly 
l)e found among the Jewish colony in Cxxjhin. His active mind could 



186 THE STILES GEMEALOBY. 

not be limited to a single inquiry. Sir William's labors had 
rekindled an ardent desire, which the President had had for many 
yeai-s, for a more thorough and effectual search after the Lost 
Tribes; as, from the jMophecies, he had no doubt of their future 
i-e-gathering and of the re-assembly of the whole Twelve Tribes 
into the Holy Land. It will be not surprising, therefoi-e, to the 
reader, to know that this litei'aiy epistle amounted to over seventy 
pages in quarto. Unfortunately, before it reached Calcutta, the 
great scholar to whom it was addressed was dead; but the letter 
wjis, by his administrators, forwarded to the Royal Asiatic Society, 
and was to have been answered by its President, Sir John Shore, 
fus soon as he could have received replies to enquiries which he 
luul instituted at Cochin and Ci*anganore, respecting the poiiits 
mentioned in it. Unfortunately the correspondence in regard to 
this matter reached New Haven a few months after the President's 
death. 

The occurrence of two alarming epidemics in New Haven, in 
the Spring and Summer of this year, led to the temporary dismissal 
of the students; but so far abated in Sei)tember, as to allow of the 
public cel(?bration of the Counnencement exercises. It served, more- 
over, to afford a new ])r(X)f of the affection of liis distant friends, 
who offered an asylum for himself nnd family at Newport, at Say- 
brook and elsewhere; which, however, was not availed of, until 
during.' tlie later e])idemic. 

This year, nlso, the President was relieved of one of the princi- 
pal burdens which had for some time devolved upon him, by the 
election of Mr. Josiah Meigs to the PiT>fesson3hip of Mathematics 
and Natural Philoso])hy. To him, on his induction into office, 
December 4th, the President, in a Latin oration, delivered the keys 
of the Philosophy Chamber and of the apparatus. 

1795. Receiving fiom the learned Ebeling, Professor of 
History at Hamburgh, a copy of his Geography and History of 
America, with a letter soliciting information concerning the State 
of Connecticut ( of which no authentic history then existed ), 
President Stiles replied, giving him as much of the History of the 
State " as his avocations ami incessant labours of office would 
lulmit." This histoiy, which we should now be glad to possess, filled 
eighty-six quarto pages of manuscript, and was written in such 
fragments of time as he could redeem, in the space of four weeks, 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 187 

from his other and varied duties. No wonder that Ebeling, in his 
letter to another of his American correspondents, speaks of Dr. 
Stiles as his ** worthy and uncommonly obhging correspondent." 

On the first of May he commenced the semi-annual examina- 
tion of students, and announced the results on the fifth; on the 
sixth he examined candidates for the Dean Buckley Prize, on which 
occasion the Professors and Tutors dined at the President's house; 
and remaiked no diminution of his accustomed vivacity and energj'. 
The vacation began the same day, and the leisure which it gave him 
was speedily improved, within a few days, in transferring to his 
Literary Diary, seveiul pages of verbal information whi<h he had 
lately obtained from a traveler who had visited Egypt, the Holy 
Land, etc, ; an account of the expoiis of the United States, for the 
year 1794, and extracts from Millai- on the English Government. 

On Friday, May 8th, 1795, President Stiles was seized with a 
violent bilious fever, which he was soon convinced would teiniiLate 
in death. But for this event he was not unprepared. " I do not 
doubt," said he, " the sufticiency of the Redeemer, or the mercy of 
God, but the want of purity makes me afmid to a[)]^>ear before a 
God of infinite purity." This fetir, however, was of brief duration. 
He continued, indeed, to pant after more of the holiness of heaven; 
but his views of the upper world grew brighter, the nearer he 
approach^ it. On the afternoon of Tuesday, the 12th, he took an 
affecting leave of each member of his family who was present, and 
sent dying messages to his al sent children. To two students of the 
college, he said, as he called them to his bedside, " above all, seek 
religion, read the Bible, and follow the example of Christ. What I 
now say to you I say to all tbe college. Tell the scholai*s what I 
tell you, that I wi*h them ha])py, and hope they will have a better 
President than I have been." He suiTived until about half jiast 
eight in the evening, and then in perfect tianquility, breatheil his 
last. His funeral was attended on Thui*sday following, when the 
Rev. Dr. Dana, preached the sermon from the text, " In my Father's 
house ai-e many mansions," (John xiv., 2,) which was afterwards 
published. 

"President Stiles was a man of low and small stature; of a 
very delicate structure; and of a well propoiiioned form.* His eyes 

♦ From memoranda kept ly him, w© learn \\i*\ April 28, 1766, his weight was 137 iK)UudH, 
heightti 9 ft. 4>^ Id. ; girth 2 ft^ 7 ^^ around body and 2 ft. 10 In. around the chest. 



188 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

were of a dark grey color; and, in the moment of contemplation, 
singularly penetrating. His voice was clear and energetic. His 
countenance, especially in commiseration, was exi)ressive of mild- 
ness and benignity; but if occasion required, it l)ecame the index 
of majesty and authority. 

"The delicacy of his frame required a special care of his health; 
he was prudently attentive, amidst his multiplied studies and 
labours, to its preservation. Always temperate, he foimd it easy, 
when necessary, to be abstemious. Having carefully studied his 
own condition, he was genei-ally his own physician. To his own 
prudent care, mider Pix)vidence, was due the prolongation of his 
busy and useful life. Dming a great part of his life, he was 
subject to wakeful nights. At these sleepless seasons he rose from 
his bed, and repaired to his study, where he either perused some 
favorite book, or, more commonly, walked an hour or two, absorbed 
in contemplation; or, sometimes walked abroad and "kindled his 
devotion at the stars." He accustomed himself to the exercise of 
walking in tlie open air; and often walked within doors, in a very 
contemplative manner, especially on Saturday evenings and on the 
Lord's clfiy. 

His passions wei-e natundly strong and impetuous; but, by 
l>rayerful self control he had well mastei ed them, as was evident 
when put to the test of temptation, as well as from the general 
equality of his dejMn-tment. " On the reception of injuries he was 
patient and placable, and ever willing to le reconciled to those 
who, having done nim an injury, were disposed to alienation. 
When assaulted with vii-ulence. as he was in seme instances from 
the press, he made it an inflexible nde to offer no public reply; 
and his private behaviour, in such instances, evinced a superiority 
to insult, and the divine temper of Christian forgiveness. Some- 
times he briefly recorded the injury in his diary, and, without one 
jicrimonious reflection, made it subservient to new improvement in 
knowledge and virtue; observing, with one of the ancients, Fas est 
H aft haste doceri, * it is lawful to be taught, even by an enemy.' 

" With a mre felicity, he .united, in his address and manners, 
familiarity with dignity; accessible to all, communicative, hospitable 
jmd polite." His society was highly agreeable, and when he took 
leave of company, all perceived a void which their sociability could 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 189 

not fill up.* He was a good listener as well as a good conversa- 
tionalist. 

We have already seen how profound, diversified and extensive 
were his literary acquit euients, as well as his linguistic attaiunients. 
Theology, sacred literature, history and astronomy were his favorite 
studies, **For his extensive acquisitions of knowledge he was 
indebteil to a mind at once active and comprehensive; to a memory 
quick to receive, and faithful to retain; and to a diligence marvel- 
oiisly patient and indefatigable. He was a rapid, yet appreciative 
reader. If the book was not his own, and especially if rai-e and 
valuable, lie copied its most interesting passages in his Literary 
Diary. If his own, he entered his annotations upon its margins. 
He alwiys carried a pancil in his pocket, and a small quarto sheet of 
blank paper, doubled lengthwise, on which he minuted every noticeable 
occurrence and item of useful information. When he tinveled, he 
can-ied seveitil blank sheets folded in the same mjini^er, nnd applied 
them to the same purpose. W^hen these memoranda formed materials 
suiiicient for a volume, he had them bound; and they, collectively, 
comj)ose four curious volumes of * Itineraries,' preserved in his 
cabinet of manuscripts." His conespondence was very extensive, 
and when \Ve reflect that Franklin, Alison, Winthrop, Chauncey, 
Hutchinstm, Adams and Jefferson, were among the Americans, and 
Furneaux, Lardner, Price, Macauley, Erskine among his foreign 
cori-espondents, we can well believe that it was a rich source of 
intelligence and improvement. Venerated at home for his 
knowledge and piety; he was ** acknowledged by men of genius and 
learning, both in England and Scotland, to have great merit for his 
literarj' improvements;" and, as we have already seen various 
Universities and Academies selected him as a proper subject for 
their highest honors. 

With him, the presidency of a College, was indeed, no sinecure. 
Not only by his personal conduct of the Senior class, by his weekly 
lectures, his Saturday evening chapel prayers, and the Seniors' 
annual examinations, on which he devoted a day to each class, he 
acquainted himself with great precision, as to the scholarship and 
character of each student before he left the College. He possessed, 
moreover, in a singular degree, the art of adapting himself to 



• Eer. Mr. DeTotlon's letter to Dr. Holmes. 



190 TH£ STfLiS G£if£ALOGr. 

every one,' as his genius, temper and conduct might require; and 
while be aimed to call every ingenious power to the aid of leaniing, 
he inculcated diligence and fidelity by the solemn and weighty 
sanctions of religion. He often used to say: " I wish to have a 
virtuous and religious college, as well as a learned one." 

In official acts of discipline he united forbearance and 
sensibility with firmness. " In the exercise of a discretionary 
power he was prompt, judicious and decisive. If he discovered any 
indecorum, he instantly noticed and conected it. On the Lord's 
day he was peculiarly attentive to the ])re8ervation of order and 
decency; and, to this end strictly enjoined it on the tutors to visit 
the chambers of the students on that day. When the Professor of 
Divinity began his sermon in the chapel, the President rose and 
cast his eyes, with minute attention, over all the students, first on 
one side of the chapel, and then on the other, to see that they were 
properly seated and decently attentive. By such vigilant inspection 
he preserved a stillness and solemnity, which the eminent talents of 
the Professor might not alone, have uniformly insured." 

" It was his early resolution, to receive no gifts, directly or 
indirectly, from the students. In many instances, their parents sent 
him articles of provision, as gratuities, for which, as appears by his 
account books, he uniformly gave credit in their quarterly bills. 
He manifested a putemal concern for such of his pupils as found 
it difficult to defray the expenses of their education; enquired 
and ascertained their exigencies ; and in numerous instances, 
gratuitously remitted their bills for quarterly tuition." Many of his 
seasonable and liberal gratuities to his pu])ils and others were only 
divulged after his death. These were inspired and regulated by a 
Christian principle; President Fitch, (of Williams College), a 
tutor of Yale during Dr. Stiles' presidency, in a letter to the Doctor's 
biographer, speaks of seveml instances of Dr. Stiles' liberality to 
poor students, which were intended to be concealed, which came to 
his knowledge." I took occasion once, to hint to him, that perhaps 
the situation of his family made it rather a duty to lay up some- 
thing for them, than to give so much, as I apprehend he did, to 
needy students. He gave me directly to understand, that early in 
lite, he hml devoted a tenth of his income to the great Melchizedec — 
this was his expression — and he seemed determined to adhere to his 
resolution. He appeared unwilling to say much upon the subject; 
and I never introduced the delicate topic again." 



THE COMMiCTICUT FAMILY. 191 

He was always careful to visit any student who was taken ill, 
and made himself useful to them as oppoi-tunity oflFered. "He 
carefully attended to the age, dispositions and charactei-s of his 
pupils, and made some of them subservient to the improvement of 
othei-s. If he found such as were young, in danger from the 
contagious influence of dissipated companions, he took care to locate 
them with those of mature years, and more fixed character. The 
idle he located with the diligent; the gay with the serious; the 
mercurial and turbulent with the phlegmatic and the steady, — an 
armngernent, which contributed to individual benefit, and to general 
oixler/' 

At the public commencements he presided with peculiar dignity. 
Entering the church with gracefulness and majesty, his whole 
address was, at once, so animated and dignified, as to arrest the 
attention, and preserve the order, of the crowded assembly, while 
this anniversary statedly convened. **No one," justly remarked his 
eulogist,* "has exercised the arduous oflice of President of this 
College with more dignity, and with a greater share of the affection 
and regard of the students. They uuiversally treated him with 
singular respect and veneration. For this he was, in a great 
measure, indebted to that singular politeness of manners, and that 
humanity with which he conciliated the affections of all whom he 
addressed." 

Of his official relations to the history of Yale College, we quote 
(in condensed form) what is said by the Historian of that institution. 
Prof. J. L. Kingsley, in Atwater's History of the City of Neto Haven. 

"The prospects of the college were never more gloomy than at 
the time of the resignation of his predecessor Dr. Daggett. Public 
attention was absorbed by the necessity of repelling a hostile 
invasion from Canada, under General Burgoyne. So serious was 
the danger, that Connecticut, with a population of only 200,000, had 
that year twenty-two fall regiments at the front. But even this 
absortpion of the public attention was not the only source of dis- 
couragement to the friends of the College. There was throughout 
the State a great deal of positive hostility to the institution. Many 
influential men, to whom it ought naturally to have been able to 
look for support, were alienated from it on account of the religious 



* Prof. Mel0B Funeral Discourse. 



192 TH£ STILiS GEUiALOQY. 

test laws of President Clap; while others were jealous of it because 
he had so triumphantly vindicated its indei>endence of any control 
by the Legislature. It was fortunate, therefore, that at this critical 
period the corporation were able to unite their votes on one of the 
alumni of the college in whom were combined so many of those 
qualities which were needed at this time in a presiding officer. 
Ezra Stiles was a New Haven man by birth; imbued with all the 
traditions of the place; had held a tutorship for over six years; and 
had acquired a high reputation as a college officer. He had also 
become known as the most learned man in AmerictL 

The good policy of the choice thus made by the corporation 
was at once apparent, in the satisfaction manifested even by those 
who had been the bitter enemies of President Clap. Dr. Stiles was 
known to be neither a religious nor an ecclesiastical partisan. He 
was attached to the traditional forms of church organization which 
had become common in New England from the first; but he cher- 
ished a kindly feeling for all who gave evidence of Christian 
character, however much they might differ from him in their scheme 
of faith. He was also strongly opposed to the imposition of creeds. 
Accordingly he did not accept the office tendered to him imtil after he 
had visited New Haven, and in a conference with the coi-poration 
obtained from them a promise to repeal the religious test act of 
1753. He also obtained from them a promise to assist him in an 
effort to secure, as soon as possible, i)ernianent professors for the 
college. In addition, he called upcm several prominent gentlemen 
of the town, and satisfied himself that if he came to New Haven he 
should obtained their co-operation and support. 

Everything having been thus arranged to meet his views, he was 
formally inauginated president of the college in July 1778. The 
number of undergraduates at that time was one hundred and thirty- 
two; and the instructors, besides the president, were a Professor of 
Divinity, a Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, and 
three tutors. 

The new president set himself to work with all his character- 
istic enthusiasm. But the war of the Revolution went on, and the 
unfortunate state of the country for the next six years effectually 
prevented his carrying out the enhaged views which he had enter- 
tained ivhen he accepted the effice. 



TH£ COMMECTICUT FAMILY, 193 

** In 1783 the war came to a close; but the difficulties under 
which the college labored were by no means at an end. The 
institution was still very impopular in the State. The repeal by 
the corporation of the rehgious test law of 1753, had allayed the 
hostility of some of those who had become disaffected; but the 
success of President Clap in asserting the independence of the 
college of all State control had sown the seeds of discontent and 
jealousy, which had now ripened and borne fruit. Eeports were 
everywhere in circulation that the affairs of the college were poorly 
managed. Complaints were made that it was controlled by a board 
of trustees composed entirely of clergymen; and that the course of 
instruction was arranged, in the spirit of bigotry, with special refer- 
ence to the education of those who were to become clergymen. So 
strong was the opposition to the college, that it was even proposed 
to estaUish a rival institution. 

** President Stiles had labored from the first to allay this feeling of 
hostility. Additional funds were absolutely necessary to enable him 
to carry out his views with regard to the improvement of the college. 
But as long as there was such a want of confidence in its management 
among the leading men in the State and in the Legislature, it was 
idle to expect any assistance from the public treasury. He had, ac- 
cordingly, repeated conferences with individuals, and with com- 
mittees of the Legislature, in which he sought to allay their preju- 
dices and to excite their interest in the college. But during nearly the 
whole term of his presidency he was unsuccessful. At last, however, 
his long-continued efforts were crowned with success. In May, 
1792, a committee of the Legislature, after a conference with the 
corporation, and a full examination of the condition of the college, 
made a favorable report, in which they commended in high terms 
the efficiency with which all the interests of the institution were ad- 
ministered. In connection with this report a plan which had been 
prepared by the treasurer of the college, Hon. James Hillhouse, was 
submitted to the Legislatm-e, which was at once adopted. According 
to this plan, the balances of certain taxes, not yet collected, which 
were not needed for the original object for which they were imposed, 
were to be paid into the hands of commissioners and applied to the 
improvement of the college ; and the trustees of the college, in com- 
pensation for what was thus done by the State, were to receive into 
the corporation the Gtovemor, the Lieutenant-Governor, and **six 



194 THE STILES GEi/EALOGY, 

senior assistants in the council of the State for the time being," who 
were to constitute, with the President and fellows, and their suc- 
cessors, one corporation. 

" It was in this way that President Stiles succeeded at last in 
bringing to an end the long estrangement which bad eidsted be- 
tween the college and the Legislature. A part of the funds thus 
secured were at once appropriated to the proper todowment of the 
professoi-ship of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy; and in 
December, 1794, Mr. Josiah Meigs was inducted Into the chair. A 
new dormitory, which was much needed, was alsd commenced, and 
wiis finished in July, 1794, and received the name of " Union Hall," 
in commemoration of the "imion," now so happily completed, of 
civilians with the old Board of Trustees. But it Was not permitted 
to President Stiles to carry out further the plan Which he had pro- 
posed to himself when he accepted the presidency. In less than a 
year from the completion of the building now called South College," 
he died. 

** The college, during bis administration, had been, on the whole, 
very prosperous, notwithstanding the difficulties with which it had 
to contend in consequence of the War and the depression of business 
which lasted many years after peace was secured. J3iU the special 
claim of President Stiles on the gratitude of the alumni, is his success 
in bringing tJte college Ixick into the line of its traditions, arid to its 
historic place in harmony with tlie Legislature and with all classes of 
people in the State. His character as a scholar gave the college 
reputation and dignity at home and abroad. He was an ardent 
patriot and devotedly attached to the college. He was a truly 
academic man, thoroughly imbued with the spirit of the place, and 
disposed to maintain all its traditions. No officer of the institution 
ever labored with more zeal for its prosperity." 

To the poor he was as a father, and to the children of sorrow a 
sympathetic and consoling friend. Aware of the delicate sensibili- 
ties of Poverty, he was careful never to excite the blush of conscious 
obligation. Li many instances he entrusted his boimties confiden- 
tially to others, to be bestowed at their discretion. The Rev. Dr. 
Trumbull, successor to the President's father, at North Haven, had a 
deposit enti-usted to him, by the President, for the four widows of 
that church; together with the donation of a silver baptismal basin 
of above £11 value, for the use of that Society. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 195 

In the relations of husband and father he was no less estimable 
than in his public character. He made himself, amid all his cares, 
the friend and instructor of his children, and seemed to live every 
day among them, in the spirit of that passage in his Diary, written 
April 2, 1795, only little more than a month before his death, which 
gays : ** I am soon to go the way of all the earth; and it is my most 
ardent desire, and daily prayer, that I and my children may meet in 
a better world, and be prepared for the solemnities of eternity." 

Piety, indeed, like a golden chain, served, at once, to give a 
connection and ornament to the qualities of Dr. Stiles' character, 
which mere genius, learning and the most refined morality, could 
never have furnished. Were any one of his Christian graces to be 
discriminatefl, it should, perhaps, be his humility; a virtue seldom 
attached to great intellectual talent and to high stations, but which 
confers the truest dignity on both. Learned, without pedantry, he 
was religious without superstition. Living daily under the influence 
of religious precepts; supported through life by its promises; having 
that hope in death which it is calculated to inspire, he nobly finished 
his career. • 

Dr. Channing, who was a native of New^rt, says of Stiles : 
" In my earliest years I regarded no human being with equal 
reverence." 

Chancellor Kent, who graduated at Tale four years after Stiles 
commenced his administration of the college, says in his Phi Beta 
Kappa oration : " Take him for all in all, this extraordinary man was 
undoubtedly one of the purest and best gifted men of his age. Li 
addition to his other eminent attainments, he was clothed with 
humility, with tenderness of heart, with disinterested kindness, and 
with the most artless simplicity. He was distinguished for the 
dignity of his deportment, the politeness of his address, and the 
urbanity of his manners. Though he was uncompromising in his 
belief and vindication of the great fundamental doctrines of the 
Protestant faith, he was nevertheless of a most charitable and 
catholic temper, resulting equally from the benevolence of his dis- 
position and the spirit of the Gospel." 

The Hon. Ezekiel Bacon, once Comptroller of the Treasury of 
the United States, under date of November 7, 1848, says :* 

* Sprague's " AmuUt of the Ajmeriean Pulpit.*'' 



196 THB STILES GkMEALOGY, 

Mt Deaji Sib:— AltboQgh my miud still retains a very vivid impression of the 
personal appearance, the manners and costume, ** including the full bottomed wig 
and cocked hat," as also of the exuberant richness of the classical and literary ac- 
complishments, by which Dr. Stiles was distinguished, yet I know not that I can 
furnish anything tending to illustrate his character, beyond that of which yourself 
and the public are already well cognizant My knowledge of him was acquired 
chiefly during my connection with Yale College, as an under-graduate, between the 
years 1790 and 1791, while I was passing from fourteen to eighteen years of age, 
and without, as I suppose, any extraordinary habits of observation. 

I well recollect the first impression that I received of his venerable person, 
when, with an anxious heart and tremulous step, I entered his study to encounter 
my probationary examination, as a candidate for admission to the Freshman Class. 
He must have been verging towards seventy years of age. He was sitting robed in 
a rich dressing gown and a black velvet cap; his wig I had passed in a box made to 
give it a temporary lodgment in his entrance hall. However, his examination was 
by no means a severe one, and he readily agreed to pass me on to the hands of my 
designated tutor. During the three years of my novitiate, I came but little in per- 
sonal contact with the President, or under his immediate tutelage; but saw him 
daily at evening prayers in the chapel, which service he usually performed in his 
own person. I ought to acknowledge, however, that I sometimes— too often for 
my own reputation— had occasion to attend upon him in his study, by special invita- 
tion, to be reminded of some little college delinquencies or transgressions, which 
certainly were never visited with undue severity. 

A much less close observer of men and things than I was could not, I think, 
have failed to become impressed, even upon a casual introduction, with the remark- 
able dignity of Dr. Stiles' personal carriage in his intercourse with his pupils. 
There was an air of authority, and even majesty, that was well fitted to impress 
them with awe; and yet there were times when his manner relaxed into considera- 
ble freedom. This was particularly the case, when he saw them listening with 
great apparent interest to his animated discoursings on some of his favorite topics 
of antiquarian research, ancient and foreign languages, or other matters of learned 
lore, in all of which he was a deep proficient, and most ardent enthusiast. Indeed, 
he was, undoubtedly, what he has ever been reputed to be, in strict sense of the 
term, a thoroughly accomplished scholar. 

He was, or at least seemed to all transgressing neophytes to have been, uncom- 
monly sedulous to carry out, to the letter, the whole collegiate code of laws, as they 
were enacted and promulgated at that day. Some of these would now be deemed 
worthy of a place among the old "Blue Laws" of Connecticut The most absurd 
and ridiculous of all, perhaps, were those which bound the Freshmen not only to a 
respectful deference, but even a menial subjection, to the higher classes; and« if an 
appeal happened to be made to the President, from arbitrary requirements of his 
superiors in rank, it was almost sure to be met in the spirit of stern resistance. 
Every unfortunate offender against these enactments had occasion, 

*' To iLnowlUm well as every truant knew.*' 

Notwithstanding all Dr. Stiles* personal dignity and official sternness, he was 
unquestionably a man of great general benevolence- in the best sense, a philan- 
thropist He did everything con amore, in a spirit of a kii ''^'ug and generous en- 
thusiasm. He was, as might be expected from these general developments, a very 



THE COUMECTiCUT FAMILY, 197 

ardent patriot, and a deeply interested friend to freedom, in all the relations of 
man to his fellow man, and to the organized institutions of society. 

Perhaps he might be properly ranked among the radical Democrats of bis day 
— witness his history of the Judges, and his far-famed Election Sermon. * * * 

The Hon. John Woodworth, Judge of the Supreme Court of 
New York, says :* 

* * * * President Stiles in person, was small and delicate, but symmetrical 
in his proportions. He had a penetrating eye, a clear and strong voice, and a 
countenance that could express mildness or authority, as occasion required. His 
manners united in an uucommn degree, grace and dignity; and he would render 
himself equaUy acceptable to the higher and the lower classes. He was remarkable 
also for his simplicity and frankness ; he was "an Israelite indeed in whom there 
was no gttUe." He was uncommonly exact in aU his habits, physical, inteUectual, 
and moral ; and to this no doubt it was owing in a great degree, that his life was so 
long, and his attainments so rich and extensive. In his intercourse with his 
students, he was condescending and affectionate; and though he always rigidly 
maintained his dignity, yet it was difficult for any student to feel that the President 
was not his friend. It was sometimes my privilege, during my college course, to 
see him in his family, and he appeared there as a verv patriarch. Indeed he sus- 
tained every relation of life, in a manner worthy at once of an accomplished gen- 
tleman and a Christian sage. ♦««♦«** 

President Stiles was undoubtedly among the most learned men of his day. 
* * There was scarcely a department of literature or science in which he was 
not quite at home, while in some branches, hd was confessedly without a rival, at 
least this side of the Atlantic. I well remember his partiality for the Hebrew, and 
the glowing manner in which he recommended to my class the study of it; though, 
I believe, up to the time of leaving college at least, we none of us profited greatly 
by his recommendation. I apprehend that no American, educated in this country, 
has had a more accurate knowledge than he of the Latin. He corresponded 
extensively in that language, and wrote it apparently with as much ease as his 
mother tongue. *»♦*♦* * * 

It was expected that, at the public commencement, whenever the Governor of 
the State attended, the salutatory oration should contain an address to him. One 
year daring my connection with college, it was not ascertained until the day 
immediately preceding the commencement, that Gt>v. Huntington would be present, 
and the salutation orator had not prepared an address. The time was short, and 
the necessary preparation for the next day almost forbade the attempt to write a 
composition in Latin during the remaining few hours. In this emergency, the 
President took up his pen, and before the parties separated, produced the desired 
address, which was marked by classical purity, and was beautifuUy appropriate to 
the occasion. I notice the incident as illustrating his readiness and skill in the 
Latin language. The mind of Dr. Stiles was remarkable for inquisitiveness. Not 
satisfied with a general knowledge of any subject, he endeavoured to make him- 
self acquainted with the most minute particulars « « ♦ 

I am inclined to think he was justly chargeable with excesHive credulity, and 
that he not unfrequently received for truth statements supported by questionable 



♦ Sprague's AnndU of the American Pulpit, 



19g THt S TILES oefieALOGr. 

evidence; but I never knew ^at his facility for believing ever led him into any 
serious or dangerous error. « ♦ * ♦ * 

After leaving college I saw President Stiles but once. We met in New Haven, 
a short time previous to his death. , He received me with great aflEection. I judged 
from his appearance that the time of his departure was at hand; but his mind wa» 
manifestly unclouded and serene. The interview was brief; but well I remember 
that he made some impressive and touching remarks in respect to the scenes that 
would soon open to us beyond the vaiL I was an attentive listener to all that fell 
from him, and everything in his «pi>earance and conversation indicated the most 
mature preparation for joining the general assembly of the just He gave me his 
parting blessing. I hoped against hope that his life might be preserved a few years 
longer, for there was no one of whom I could say with more sincerity; *• ^erus in 
coelam redecun.** 

" Combined with all the great qualities of mind, which he mi- 
doubtedly possessed," says his great-giandaughter, Mrs. Kate G. 
Wells, in her sketch entitled "An Old New England Divine," in 
the Atlantic, for August, 1884, "there was also a curious vanity, 
which showed itself, for example, in the minute directions that he 
gave for his portrait. (See p. 161.) 

*Most quaintly does thii vanity appear in his Family dmstUvr 
tioTia. Years after he abandons them, and writes on the last sheet, 
" All this is vanity; I intend to destroy most of these papers when 
I have reviewed them. All I would for my posterity of a secular 
nature is that they keep a Family Register of Births, Maniages and 
Deaths for an example of the Diffusion of Blood and Growth of the 
Family. To all whom I recon^mend the Christian religion accord- 
ing to the Congregational Way. Aug. 29, 1772. Ezra Stiles.' 

" Yet so fully, at one time, did he believe in his plan, that he 
made a feoffment of about forty acres to his "son Ezra and his heirs 
for the fulfillment of this purpose.'* He wished ** to imite and ce- 
ment his offspring by transfusing to distant generations certain com- 
mon and influential principles, that it may increase in number and 
grow up to distinguished private, social, and public virtue.'' The in- 
come of the estate left for this, purpose was to be devoted to the 
purchase of family medals with appropriate devices; also to the 
maintenance of family records and to the benefit of the poor of the 
family, and of those who have read the Bible or made scientific dis- 
coveries. During his wife's lifetime, she was to be President; after 
that, the eldest male or female. At the regular meetings every four 
years, the Family were to walk to church on Sunday in procession. 
All those connected by marriage should vote at these times, except 



THB CONNECTICUT rMM/LT. 199 

those bom of Indians or negroes, who may not even be enrolled, 
though illegitimate white children shall rank as voters. In a special 
book was to be entered ** a true but short record of any singularly 
wicked conduct of the oflFspring, such as murder, treason, theft, ill- 
treatment of wives." Swearers were to be entered as such. Every 
one on marrying was to be furnished with a copy of all these ances- 
tral institutions. Dates were to be registered as " in such a year 
J[esus] C[hri8t] or Familia Oondita, or in such a year of 1, 2, &c., 
Stylesian Olympiad.'' 

He desired it to be a custom among the family, that a member 
on marrying should plant half an acre of black mulbeiry-trees for 
each child as it was born. He thus continues: "If any Issue 
should be brought up in Politeness it may not be beneath them to 
retire into the Country and have a genteel imd comfortable subsist- 
ence with but little labor, for one man can tend worms eno' in 6 
weeks to gain £200. Avoid riches. In general I would recommend 
for the family Farming and the Employments of the rural Life. De- 
light not to reside in populous towns and debauched cities, where 
there is danger of degenerating, or at least of the Diminution of the 
Increase of Species. Let all the Family be well taught in reading 
English and in the necessary rudiments of arithmetic --and perhaps 
a little mathematics, eno' to know the contents of Land and keep 
domestic accounts; but always be Friends and Encouragei^ of Sci- 
ences and the College. As a Family, avoid poUtics. Never solicit 
lucrative offices at the price of embroiling the family. Let landed 
estate be sufficient for Subsistence and depend not on offices for a 
living; then if called to office unsolicited. Providence bids you aci 

" Seek very little acquaintance; there are but few of mankind 
worth being acquainted with. One of the greatest inconveniences 
accompanying public acts of Beneficence is being too much known. 

**Let the Family marry young, both for securing their chastity 
and accelerating Increase. Never adopt the j>olite principle of tar- 
rying till you can maintain a Family in Splendor, but foresee that 
you can live by your Occupation, then maiTy. And in marriage 
consult the Emendation of the Species. Choose more than | of the 
MaiTiages out of the Family, and choose of a large, healthv, and ro- 
bust Breed both for Husbands and Wives. Avoid Families noted 

for theii- love of Drink If I should have ten children, i of them 

should mai'ry and become parents, and at a medium each of the 



200 THE STILES GEMEMLOGT. 

Family, who should have children, should bring up 5 at a medium 
for maniage and maturity, and as the sexes are nearly equal, there 
would be by the 10th generation 18,000,000 souls; and, as New 
England will never exceed 20,000,000 of people, my descendants will 
be connected by blood with almost all N. E. Ultimately when 
J[e8us] C[hri8t] descends from heaven, I hope he will find the Fam- 
ily prepared for some distinguished Notice and Felicity, from him- 
self Jesus, if they have been a Means of prei>aring others for his 
grand appearance."* 

All this planning, which it must be remembered he later 
condemned, seems hardly compatible with his sturdy maintainance 
of Congregationalism. 

" I remember," says Mrs. Wells, in her pleasant sketch, ** the 
awe with which, in my childhood, two large green wooden chests 
were invested, lest the pious written exhortjitions contained therein 



* Among President Stiles' papers, in poBsession of Mrs. Kate G. Wells, of Boa- 
ton, is the following outline draft of 

" A DESION TO COLLBCT AXL MY OFF8PBINO FOB TEN OKNKRATION8 AS AN* 
EXAMPLK OF THB DIFFUSION OP BLOOD.'* 

1. A Registry. 

2. A trlennUl Meeting of the Family for review tlrst after Autumnal Equinox which Id 
preeeat age 21 Sep. 

5. As the Pam. disperses, the Assembly may erect Districts k appoint a Recorder In 
each, who shall send a copy ot his Record to every Review, these to be digested Into the 
general Registry. 

4 Aiterone hun. y. fr my Harr. It may suffice for Review to send 3 persons from each 
Dlst. one of which alway a female — they to bring with the Record of the District. 

6. The business of Review will be to hear the Institutions, & to see that the Register of 
the Fam. is complete. 

8. If at any time k especially the flrst 100 y. my children should neglect the Reviews at 
the proper time — let tho Chief or either of the Heads fill up k adjust the Register to 
the proper time— and In case after sd 100 yr. there should be any like omission, let the Chief 
or Heads on the next Review supply 6 complete It, yet soon to keep each triennial State of 
the Fam. distinct k separate. 

7 The Chief or Heads or such whom yy shall Im power are to take care of the Estate k 
deliver the profits to the Assembly, who shall distribute to whom they please, except that for 
the first Cent, the Head k Chief have tialf the profits. Never let any Tax be laid on the 
Family. 

8. After 1867 erect a Monument. And for this sell Lands to Amot. of £1,000 Ster. and 
plant a tract in form of the planetary System, with Mulberry Trees. 

9. Let the 100th, 1000th, 10,000th, 100,000th k MilUonth person be distinguished by a 
Medal or otherwise, k so each Millionth afterwards. These may be the Tenvolutions : 



10th in 70 1 V TT 
100th in 180 f ^- *^' 


60. 


1000th in 200 


70. 


0.000th in 280 


80. 


1 MUl. in 300 


80. 



THE CONMECTICUT FAMILY, 201 

should take bodily shape and frighten ns into eternal silence, over- 
come by a sense of our hereditary and present guilt." 

Years afterward, Yale College became the depositary of thousands 
of those portentous closely inscribed pages. It already held Presi- 
dent Stiles' Lit^irary Diary, a curious, valuable medley of notes on 
incidents that occurred within his lifetime, written in a crabbed hand 
which American annalists still gladly decipher. The Diary, however, 
does not give such a picture of the daily thought of the man as can 
be obtained from the more personal papers which were retained in 
another ancestral chest. These show a life of minute literary activ- 
ity; a man of stiength and versatility, candid and independent in 
action and thought, condescending in manner, ludicrously punctilious 
in details; a patriot in sentiment, a fond father and husband, and 
a just, liberal, and reverent teacher. 

We see another curious side of the President's character in his 
bold play with l(^ic. He seems to have amused himself with formu- 
lating propositions " which ought never to be made by Man, although 
provable by Reasoning to strict demonstration." Some of them are 
as follows: — 

" God is the intentional efficient Author of Sin. 

" Sin is good. Vice is Virtue. Moral Evil is a Holy Good. 

** It is the duty of the Damned to rejoice in their own Damna- 
tion. . . 

" It is of the essence of Holiness and true Submission to God to 
be willing to be dapaned. . . , 

" Regeneration may as well be eflfected when you are asleep as 
awake. ; . . 

" Self, the' highest Principle proved by Christian Rule, do to 
others as ye would have them do to you. 

Positions now given up, 1741 : — i 

"The Bible to an unconverted Man is no better than an old 
Almanack. 

" The Generality of the Ministers in N. E. unconverted." 

Quite as amusing and instructive as these records are the items 
of daily expenditure. These were kept in uncovered paper books, 
three inches wide by five long, and run somewhat as follows: * * To 



202 THE STILES GEMEMLOGT. 

Lemons, charity, 9 gold buttons, my leather breeches; To keeping 
Cousin Peggy one week, Shaving, Postage of letters, 1 Gal. Wine; 
Hhd. rum for Guinea (in exchange for slave); To ticket in Phil. 
Lotterj^ 3d class 2170. Sold i above Ticket, IJ lb. figs, Pah- of 
furred Pumps, Scarf, Gloves, Ring. 1759, Nov. 4. Bought for 
Father Negro Boy Slave, Prince, aged 14 or 15, price 90 dollars, 
paid." Among other items is the ** wedding fee from Mr. Holmes, 
£8." Presents from the ladies include ** 1 quire paper, Lambskin 
Jacket, 3 bottles Matheglin, 4 Bands," etc. 

One memorandum book is devoted to receipts of salary, which 
was paid in installments from fifteen to twenty times a year, the 
rate of exchange being constantly redetermined. 

Another little book has all the baby weights, measures, and 
gi'owths of his children, at various ages. 

The almanacs contain on blank leaves curious data. One of the 
earUest is, " Went to see the stocking frame knitting. The Newport 
Congregation at their meeting to-day voted me £12 for Sabbath 
preaching and £30 for Horse Hire and Journey." 

Again, "June 13, 1744. About 8 o'clock in the morning, the 
same day King George's Proclamation of War against France was 
proclaimed in New Haven, Ruth Stiles was bom in the Afternoon." 
This little girl, who inherited all her fatlier's piety, was the mother 
of Rev. Ezra Stiles Gannett. Through her it almost seems as if the 
grandfather's favorite texts had been transmitted to the grandson. 
In 1787 President Stiles preached the ordination sermon for Rev. 
Henry Channing at New London, and in 1824 his grandson. Dr. 
Gannett, was ordained colleague to Dr. William Ellery Channing, 
nephew of Henry Channing. 

In 1754 President Stiles wrote in his almanac, "Went to 
Boston and was waked with the melodious Ring of Bells in Dr. 
Cutler's, alias North, alias Christ Church. Went to Cambridge to 
Commencement. S. Quincy Sal. Orator. M. Saltonstall Val. Orator. 
Took Degi-ee a. m. Dined with Mr. Prof. Winthrop. The next day 
Dined (with) at Dr. Wigglesworth's. Waited on President, returned 
thanks for degree. In Eve. waited on Mrs. Edwards in Boston and 
heard her play on Spinnet. Bonowed 2 dollars." 

Again, "Counted and find 44 Bottles Claret and 77 Bottles 
Cider in Cellar. We have drank 5^ doz. Cider in two months. 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY, 203 

"Inoculation in April. 1761. Dr. Adam Thompson of Maryland 
published in Gazette himself as Author of New Inoculation. Dec. 
1769, a physician at Williamsburgh thinks himself tne author, as do 
many othei-s. I, Ezra Stiles, think Dr. Muirson the first, and 
before 1750. 

"1762, July 5. Begun to make cocoons. By 20th all the 
cocoons took down and had woimd 5 Run Silk. 

" Aug. 23, 1769. Sally had 103 fits last 24 hours. Infamous 
Governor Bernard embarked Aug. 1 and sailed for London. Vale." 

On another page is given the total of sermons preached by 
himself from the year 1756 to 1774 as 1157; the text was often in 
Greek or Hebrew characters. 

Under date of February 22, 1770, he says "Young Snider, aetat 
11, in Boston murdered by Eben Richardson, an informer in the 
Custom House. Feb. 26. Buried from Liberty Tree, preceded by 
500 boys followed by about 2000 persons of all Ranks. The first 
Martyr of American Liberty." 

Again, **Jan. 15, 1770. Brethren and Sisters of the Church 
met at my house for religious Exercise. 

"1771, Feb. Negro meeting at my house. Catechised 20 
Boys, 30 Girls. 

"June Gen. Assembly granted a charter to my church. 
Religious meeting of miirried people of my congregation at Judge 
Pitman's." 

Mindful of heavenly affairs also, when he wrote to Dr. Franklin 
for his portrait for the university he requested him " to state his 
opinion concerning Jesus of Nazareth." 

Let his Bu-thday Reflections again tell his own story: — 

" ^tat 51. God was pleased to carry me and all my family ' 
successfully through inoculation for the small-pox; a mercy which 
will ever demand a grateful remembrance and indehble gratitude. 

"1781. We had a pubUc and splendid Commencement in 
September, altho' with fear and trembling, as the EngUsh had lately 
burned New London and threatened us; there hath been no pubhc 
Commencement since 74. We have had no tumults in the college. 
I take great pains to look carefully into the interior state of the 



204 THE STILES GEMEALOGT 

college and to converse with the students, seorsum (apart), both 
8cientific:illy and religiously. I am principally concerned lest 1 
should instil some errors into the numerous youth, for we have 224 
undergraduates. 

" -SJtat 57. I have been very happy in college affairs, and the 
Univeivjity has been nearly in good an Estate as to Literature, 
Religion, Peace, and good Order as could be reasonably expected. 

" ^kat 58. My moral state much as for several years past, great 
mixtures of sin and imperfection with some enjoyment of God. I 
have been very happy in college affairs. My whole life is such an 
incessant labour that I have scarcely time to be religious. I hope I 
have not disobliged an extensive and numerous acquaintance." 

His self-restraint in spe/vking of his own griefs and joys is 
noticeable: his eldest son dies, and he feels a **most pungent and 
tender distress in this event." Kezia dies and he says, "I was 
renewedly called to mourning. Old Age is now come upon me. I 
enter on my 60th year." 

The last birthday words are of the beloved college, concerning 
which only once bad Dr. Stiles been obliged to record that he had 
had '*any severity of discipline to administer which gave him 
sensible distress." 

"iEtat 64. God has enabled me to purchase a house to leave 
to a bereaved Family when God shall take me to himself. All my 
children about me at my Table in Health. 

"But, through all these silent exponents of his insatiable curiosity, 
diligence, omniverousness, so to speak — Almanacs, Expense Books, 
Birthday Reflections, Propositions — runs the undercurrent of his 
life, the glory of God; a glory to be heightened by each new 
scientific disco vei7, by each fresh bibliograpical item, or by sad or 
joyful family events. Jehovah, Congregationalism, the College, were 
his triad of interests. To them he gave the service of his years; 
helped by his broad and fearless mind to use profitably every de- 
partment of knowledge, his sense of humor enlivening his studies 
and duties, perhaps even his morbid self-consciousness. His per- 
sonal manuscripts present a picture, almost home-like in its details, 
of the punctilious, scholarly, upright life of a New England divine, 
and help us to realize how important a part thought and pedagogy 
played in those days." 



THE COflMECTICUT FAMfLT, 205 

President Stiles' diary and bound manuscripts preserved in Yale 
College library fill forty-five volumes. Of these, fifteen are occupied 
with his Literary Diary, embracing the narrative of daily occurences, 
public and private notices of the books he read and the sermons he 
preached and heard. A Meteorological Record occupies five volumes; 
an Itinerary of his tours, notices of town and church records, tomb- 
stone inscriptions and such matters occupy five more; while the re- 
mainder are filled with letters and miscellaneous extracts. The 
foUowings citations illustrate the quality of the diary : 

1777. Sep, 19. Received the following letter from the Rev. Mr. Whittlesey. 
[Here follows the letter annonncing that he had been chosen President of Yale 
College.] My election to the Presidency of Yale College is an unexpected and 
wonderful ordering of Divine Providence. An hundred and fifty or 180 yonng 
gentlemen students is a bundle of wildfire, not easily controUed and governed ; 
and at best, the diadem of a President is a crown of thorns. 

1780. Dec. 19. Mr. Doolittle tells me there has been made at his Powder Mill 
in New Haven, eighty thousand pounds of powder since the commencement of this 
war. 

1786. June 29. The spirit for raising silkworms is great in this town. North- 
ford, Worthington, Mansfield, etc. 

1787. July 2. The Rev. Manasseh Cutler, of Ipswicli, visited us. He is a 
great botanist, and is traveling on to Philadelphia to inspect all vegetables and 
plants in their state of flowering, with the view of perfecting his publication upon 
indigenous American plants, ranged into classes, genera and species, according to 
the sexual or Linnsean system. 

17S7. August 27. Heb. Recita. Finished the First psalm. Judge Ellsworth, 
a member of the Federal Convention, just returned from Philadelphia, visited me, 
and tells me the convention will not rise under three weeks. He there saw a steam 
engine for rowing boats against the stream, invented by Mr. Fitch, of Windsor, in 
Connecticut. He was on board the boat and saw the experiment succeed. 

1788. January 7. This evening I gave permission to the Freshman class to 
wear their hais in the college yard after the ensuing vacation. Formerly they kept 
off their hats the whole Freshman year. About 1775 they were permitted to wear 
them after May vacation. We now permit them after January vacation. 

1794. — Mr. Whitney brought to my house and showed us his machine, by him 
invented, for cleaning cotton of its seeds. He showed us the model which he has 
finished to lodge at Philadelphia, in the Secretary of State*s office, when he takes 
out his patent. A curious and very ingenious piece of mechanism. 

1794. July 17. This day I was visited by M. Talleyrand Perigord, Bishop of 
Autun. etc., and M. Beaumez. Member for the District of Arras. ♦ * ♦ Both 
men of information, literature, calmness and candor: and very inquisitive. ♦ ♦ * 
The Bishop has written a piece on education and originated the bill or act in the 
National Assembly for setting up schools all over France, for diffusing education 



206 THE STILES GENEMLOGT, 

and letters among the plebians. I desired them to estimate the proportion of those 
who coald not read in France. M. Beaumez said, of twenty-five millions, he judged 
twenty millions could not read. The Bishop corrected it, and said eighteen mil- 
lions. They were very inquisitive about our mode of diffusing knowledge. I told 
them of our parochial schools from the beginning, and that I had not reason to 
think there was a single person of the natives in New Haven that could not read. 

President Stiles' published works were the following : 

1. Oratio Funebris pro exequiis celebrandis Viri perillustris Jonathan Law, Armi- 

geri, ColoniaQ Connecticuttensis Gubernatoris consummatissimi; qui 
obiit Nov^wis 6to Anno Salutis 1750. Etatio 77nM> Habita in aulS Collegii 
Yalensis, Novi-Portus, Connecticutensium Nov-Anglorum, Dec^^to 12 nw 
1750. Coram Praeside et Academiae Sociis quibusdam venerandis, rev- 
erendisque vicinarum pastoribus celeberimaque doctorum vivorum cor- 
ona. Oratore Ezra Stiles A. M. Academiae ejusdem Tutore Senior!. Sic 
Transit Gloria Mundi, Novi Londini, excudebat et vendebat Timotheus 
Green, MDCCLI. 4o. pp. 15. 

[At the end are 3 pp. of an English address made on the day following that on 
which the oration was pronounced, "to Madam Law being casually present at the 
house of the Rev. Mr. Clap, President of the College at New Haven."] 

2. A Discourse on the Christian Union: the substance of which was delivered be- 

fore The Reverend Convention of the Congregational Clergj' in the 
Colony of Rhode Island; assembled at Bristol, April 23, 1760. By Ezra 
Stiles, A, M., Pastor of the Second Congregational Church in Newport. 
Thy Fathers went down into Egypt with three-score and ten Persons, 
and now the Lord thy God hath made thee as the Stars of Heaven for 
multitude.— Deut. X. 22. 

Four Thousand British Planters settled in New England and in 120 
Years their Posterity are increased to five hundred thousand souls. — 
Printed at Brookfield [Massachusetts] September, 1799. 8o- [163 pp.] 
[The first edition of this was printed at Boston, Mass., 1761. 80. pp. 139.] 

3. A Discourse [from John xvii. 3] on Saving Knowledge: delivered at the Instal- 

ment of the Reverend Samuel Hopkins, A. M. into the pastoral charge of 
the First Congregational Church in Newport, Rhode-Island, Wednesday, 
April 11, 1770. By Ezra Stiles, D. D., Pastor of the Second Congrega- 
tional Church in Newport. Printed and sold by Solomon Southwick, in 
Queen-Street. M,dcc,lxx. 80. pp. 48. 

4. Oratio Inauguralis Habita In Sacello Collegii Yalensis, quod est Novo-Portu 

Connecticuttensium, In Nov' Anglia, viii. id. Quintil. MDCCLXXVHL 
Quum, Auctoritate Seuatus Academici, Ezra Stiles, S. S. T. D. Praeses 
AcademiaB Ejusdem et in Eadem Historiae Ecclesiasticae Professor Pr89- 
positus et constitutus Fuit. Oratore PraBside. — 

Hartfordiae: Typis Watsoni et Goodwini. M. dec. Ixx viii. Annoque 
Independia) Americanas Tertio. So* pp. 40. 

5. The United States elevated to Glory and Honor.— A Sermon, [from Deut xxvi 

19], Preached before His Excellency Jonathan Trumbull, Esq., L.L.D., 



THE COMMBCTICUT FAMILY. 207 

Governor and Commander in Chief, and the Honorable The General 
Assembly of the State of Connecticut, convened at Hartford at the Anni- 
versary Election, May 8, 1783.— By Ezra Stiles, D. D., President of Yale 
College.— New Haven, Printed by Thomas & Samuel Green, 1783. 
80. [99 pp.] 

f2d edition of the same, printed at Worcester, Mass., 1785. 12^ pp. 172. 

6. A Sermon, [from Acts xx. 24] delivered at the Ordination of the Reverend Henry 

Channing, A. M., to the pastoral charge of the Congregational Church in 
the City of New-London, May 17, 1787. By Ezra Stiles, D.D. LL.D., 
President of Yale College. New London: Printed by T. Green. 
M,dcc,lxxxvii 8o. pp. 41. 

7. A Funeral Sermon [from Matt. xxv. 20, 21], delivered Thursday, July 26, 1787. 

at the interment of the Rev. Mr. Chauncey Whittelsey, Pastor of the 
First Church in the City of New Haven, etc. New Haven; 1787. Printed 
by T. and S. Green, M,dcc,lxxxvii. 8o« pp. 37. 

8. Account of the Settlement of Bristol, 1785. 

9. A History of Three of the Judges of King Charles L Major-General Whalley, 

Major-General Goffe, and Colonel Dixwell: who, at the Restoration, 1660, 
fled to America; and were secreted and concealed, in Massachusetts and 
Connecticut, for near thirty years. AVith an Account of Mr. Theophilus 
Whale, of Narragansett, Supposed to have been also one of the Judges. 
By President Stiles. They wandeied about, being destitute, afflicted, 
tormented — they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens 
and caves of the earth. — Of whom the world was not worthy. — Be not 
forgetful to entertain strangers; for thereby some have entertained 
Angels unawares. Heb. xi. and xiii. Hartford; Printed by Elisha Bab- 
cock, 1794. 120- pp. 357. Portrait of the President, and 7 plates, or 
maps.* 

Dedication: "To all the patrons of Real, Perfect, and Unpolluted 
Liberty, Civil and Religious, throughout the World; this History of three 
of its most illustrious and heroic, but unfortunate defenders, is humbly 
submitted, and dedicated, by a hitherto uncorrupted friend to Universal 
Liberty. Ezba Stiles. Yale College, Nov. 20, 1793." 

President Stiles' monument, at New Haven, is an obelisk, on 
the four sides of which is graven the following epitaph : 

Hic 

Jacet Sepultus 

EZRA STILES, S. T. D.. L.L. D. 

Qui 
Alta mente prceditus, 



* The last plate In the volume is numbered VIII , but, as no plate VII., has ever been 
found In any copy extant. It is supposed to be a misnumberlng ot the plates. 



208 THE STIL£S aEKEHLaGT, 

Eraditione Omnigena Imbatas, 

Urbanitaie saavissima, 

Bionbos probis, 

Charitate, Fide^ Pietivte evangelica, 

Officiis 

Patris, Aonici, Piwceptoris, 

Ecclesia Ministry HoDunis^ 

Enitens, 

Buis percartis, 

In Ecclesia Magno cnltu dignatnPr 

Per Terras honore habitus, 

Vixit: 

Lacrymis on>niata 

Obiit; 

Mftii xiimo. Mdccxcvto. 

SXvX. Lxviii^Or 



Ecclesiae IId«« 

Nov. J>ort, Rhod. Ins, 

Pastor 

Annos xxii. ; 

CoUegii Yalensis. 

Tutor 

▼i: 

Pneses. 

xviii. 



Senatus Academicus 

Coll. Yal. 

Hoc-Sax um 

Posuit. 

Rev. Ezra Stilef8, D. D., KK D., roamed (1) Elizabeth, (^eJdesfc 
daughter of Col. John) Hubbard, of New Haven, Conn., Feb. 10, 
1757. She was born in New Haven, Conn., July 3, 1731. "A 
woman of excellent accomplishments, intellectual, moral and relij^ious; 
and who, therefore, deservedly possessed his tenderest aflfection. 
By her prudence, and exclusive care of everything pertaining to 
domestic economy, she left him in possession of his whole time for 



TH£ COMMECTICUT FAMILY, 209 

literary pursuits, and pastoral duties.'** She died May 29, 1775, of 
a pulmonary complaint, aged 44 years. While her "private virtues 
had endeared her, in the highest degree, to her husband, children 
and domestics, her beneficence and diffusive charities had secured 
the esteem of the Society, who joined with the family in paying an 
affectionate tribute to her memory. * My kind people,' the Doctor 
gratefully notices, *cloathed the whole family, and were at the whole 
expense of tlie funeral."t 

On the 17th of October, 1782, President Stiles married (2) Mrs. 
Mary (widow of William) Checkley, Esq., of Providence, E. I. 

Children {all by first wife): 

205. I. Elizabeth/ bom April 17, 1758, died unmarried at Cam- 

bridge, Mass., November 16, 1795. (See portrait, 
page 181.) 

206. n. Ezra,* bom March 11, 1759, married Sybil Avery. 

Family 27. 

207. III. Kezia Taylor,* bom Sept. 29, 1760; married Lewis 

Burr Sturgis, of New Haven, Conn., Dec. 2, 1784 ; 
died (undelivered) in child-bed, Dec. 29, 1785, 8b. 
25^ years. 

208. IV. Emilia," t bom April 21, 1762; admitted to full commu- 

nion in the church in May, 1786 ; married Jonathan 
Leavitt, Esq., April 21, 1796; bom in Greenfield, 
Mass. Issue : 

209. i. Sarah Hookeb,' b. March 7, 1797.** 

210. ii. Mabia Holmes,? b. July 27, 1798; died at Greenfield, 

Mass. ; unmarried, Dec. 30, 1878. 

* Holmes. t Ibid. 

t Thus In the Presidents' own record of his children's birth; although the name Is given 
by his descendants as Amelia. 

♦♦SARAH Hooker Leavitt married Ramuel Welh, Mar. 16 1819. Mr. Wells died at North- 
ampton, Mass , (being accldentallf shot while repairing a pistol) Oct. 4, 1864. Mrs. Sarah Hooker 
(Leavin) Wells died at Northampton, Jnn. 29, 1837. Children (1) Sa'ah Leavitt (Wells), b. at 
Oreenfleld, Mass., Dec, 17, 1800, m. Moses Clarke of New Orleans La.. Nov. 20. 1857, and d. at 
New Orleans, Sept. 6, 1869; (2) Jonathan Leavitt Wells), b. at Greentteld, Aug. 17. 1827, m. Delia 
Delano, of Northampton. Mass.. res. (1885) 78 Madison Ave., New York City, no issue; (3) Mary 
I/>al0a .Wells), b. at Northampton, Mass , Jan. 3, 1833, m. Ebenezer Peck, Oct. 5,1868, res. (1885) 
Jacksonville, 111. : 'A) Henry Martin (Wells), b. at Northampton, Jan. 20, 1835, surgeon in the U. 
8. Navy, unmarried. 



210 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

211. iu. Emilia Stiles,' b. Dee. 6, 1799.* 

212. iv. Jonathan,' b. Nov. 17, 1801; died Aug. 6, 18U2. 

213. V. Jonathan,' b. April 9. 1803 ; died at New Haven, Conn., 

May 10, 1821, ^. 18. 

214 vi. Elizabeth Hubbard,' b. Mar. 7, 1807. t 

Mrs. Emilia (Stiles) Leavitt died at Greenfield, Mass., 
Nov. 7, 1833, je. 71. Mr. Joiiatbau Leavitt died 
at Greenfield, Mass., May 1, 1831, ae. 67 years. 



♦ Emilia stiles Leavitt married (l» Rev. Charles Jtnkin$, Sept. 18, 1826, who died at Port- 
land, Me., Dec. 29, 18;n, re. 45 years: she married (2) Dr. Ellal T«xld Fonte, at Greenneld, Mera., 
April 27, 1841. Mrs. Eraella Stiles (Leavitt) Foole died at New Haven, Ct., Nov. 26, 1867, ae. 68. 
Children : [all by first kmband awl b. at Portlami, Me.\ .1) Amelia Leavlit (Jenkins , b. July 19, 1827, 
(2 Charles Southworth (Jenkins), b. Nov. 7, lH"i8, died at Greenfleld, Mass.. June 11, 1835; (3) 
Jonathan Leavitt (Jenkins), b. Nov. 23, 1830. 

Amelia Leavitt Jenk.m married Dr. Charles C. Foote (son of her s'ep-falher), April 22, 1852 
Children {bom at Ntw Haren, Conn.) (1) Anna Eliza Foote), b. April 25. 1853, d. June 12, 1861 ; (2) 
Amelia I.,eavitl (Fcote). b. Mar 26, lavi, m. Edward B. Hill, April 30, 1878, has daughter, Amelia 
Leavitt b. Jan. 4, 1844; (3, Mary Ix)ul«.a (Foole), b. Oct. 25, ia'>fi, died Sept. 8, 1857; (4 Sarah Wells 
(Foote), b. Feb. 14, 1859; (5) Charles Jenkins (Foote), b. Aug. 28, 1861 ; (6) Horace Knevalfl (Foole), 
b. April 1, 1867, d. Sept. 14, 1871 Dr. Charles Cheney Foote died Nov. 9, 1871, » 46 years, at New 
Haven, Conn where his widow res., (1886). 

Rev. Jonathan Leavitt Jenkimi graduated at Yale College, 1851 : studied thef>logy at New Haven, 
Conn, ordained and installed over the First Church at Lowell, Mass., Oct. 17, 1855, where he 
remained seven years: pastor of Pearl Street Church, at Hartford, Ct., about two years: and of 
First Church In Amherst, Mass., ten years; July 5, 1877, was Installed pastor of First Church 
111 Plttpfleld, Mass., where he now resides; married Sarah M. Eaton, of Ix>well, Mass., Oct. 15 
lh62. Children : (1) Anna Foole, b. Salem, Mass., Nov. 12, 1863, d. Jan. 31, 1864; 2 Sarah Eaton, 
b. at Hartford, Ct. July 17, 1865; f3 James McGregor, b. In Amherst, v.a*»8. ; (4 Austin Dick- 
inson, b. in Piilsfleld, Mass., Jan. 19, 1879 

t Elizabeth Hubbard Leavitt married Oct. 4, 1831, Charles John James IngertoU, of 
Qreenflold, Mass., (b. May 1, 18U6) and died May 30. 1867. Mr. Charles J. J. Ingersoll died Oct. 
10, 1863. Children: -1) Eliza Leavitt (Ingersoll), b. Aug. 7, 1832. m. Joshua Stone M. D., 
Nov, 81 h, 1855 then of St. Johnsbury, Vt.,) now of Greenfleld, Mass. Mrs. Stone Is a 
graduate of the New England Female Medical (College, at Boston, Ma.Hs. (2 Charles 
Thomas (Ingersoll) M. D. b. Sept. 10, 1840; graduated I^ng Island College Hospital, 
1861, married Imogen Pauline Hungerford, (b. Dec. 27, 1843), of Waterloo, Iowa, Dec. 27, 
1866. Their children (all born in Iowa) are Charles Hungerford, b. Dec. 29, 1869, died July 1, 
1870; Thomas SlUes. b Sept. 2, 1871; Benjamin Ward, b. Sept. 11, 1876; Elizabeth Leavitt, b. 
April 13. 1879. Mr. Ingersoll Is (1885) President of the Bank of Grand Rapids, Dakota Territory. 
In the posseHsion of the Ingersoll family, when the author visited them, in 1859, were many 
valuable and Interesting relics of President Stiles, since distributed among dlfTerent branches 
of ihe family. Among those were the fine portrait v^ee p. 161 ante of the President and his 
wife, now In the possession of Mrs. A, L. toote, of New Haven, Cunn.) ; that of the Jewish Rabbi, 
his luilmate friend now the property of Rev. J. S. Jenkins, of Plttsfleld, Mass.); an old paint- 
ing of the Stiles coat-of-arms In possession of Mrs Foote ; a iK)rtrult of the President and 
mlnature of his daughter Elizabeth (In possession of Mrs. Dr. Stone of Oreentteld, Mass.); 
nnd his seal and snuff-box In keeping of Thomas Stiles Ingersoll, of Grand Rapids, Mich. This 
seal is an old style oval silver seal, about 1 '„ inch In its largest diameter, having on Its face the 
Stiles arms, and on the edge of the back, around the hardwood handle, the words " President 
Stiles." Thesuufl-box is a plain silver one. Inherited by the President trom his father, the Rev. 
Isaac, whose initials " I. S.," are upon the lid. In M r, C. T. Ingersoirs po session Is also a well- 
preserved copy of Machlavelli, printed in 1591, bearing ui!«»u its title page ihe endorsement 
"Ezra Stiles, 1763." There were, also, miniatures of the President's daughters, Emilia and Mary. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 



211 



215. V. Isaac/ born An^;. 10, 1763; Dec. 10, 1786, his father 
writes : " My son Isixac last March left me, to settle 
in the law at Tolland;" graduated at Yale College, 
1788. Dec. 10, 1790— refers to him as " my absent 
son, now on a voyage to Great Britain." Again, 
Dec. 11, 1794, "My son Isaac has been absent at 
sea above a twelvemonth, and is now in Europe on a 
voyage; has been unfortunate; visited with long and 
dangerous sickness, but recovered." He was prob- 
ablv lost at sea. 




21(). VI. RirrH,« born August 20, 
1765; became the sec- 
ond wife of the Eev. 
Caleb Gannett, at 
Cambndge, Mass., Jan. 
19, 1800. He was the 
son of Joseph and 
EHzabeth Gannett, of 
Bridgewater, Mass., 
graduated at Harvard, 
of which he was at 
one time a tutor; and 
at the time of his mar- mks. ritu (stiles) Gannett. 
riage, the steward. Mrs. lluth (Stiles) Gannett was 
a refined and clear brained woman, of a deeply 
rehgious nature, and with a real and tender trust in 
God. She was literary in her tjustes, and had her 
father's trait of keeping note books and diaries. She 
died at Cambridge, Mass., June 11, 1808. Issue : 

217. i. (Rev.) Ezba Stiles,' b. May 4, 1801. * 

♦EZRA STILES GANNET. 

It was n f^rave Puritan home into which he was born, where rliities and dignities 
abounded more than sympathies and grace. The father's cliaracter probably gave the 
Vioy exactness and balance (jf mind, jiistii^e. clinch upon convictions; the mother's gave 
impulse, enthusiasm, and tendencies to self-distrust; humor and poetry probably 
from neither; reverence, conscientiousness, and a practical intellect, from both. 
The mother died when he w»vs barely seven years old, but her touch seemed on him 
still guiding him towards his life-work; for his long child-chronicle of Sui'day ser- 



212 THE STILES GEMEMLOGY. 

mons mns bock to an era when the mother's hand records for him the first few texts. 
Through Andover and Can)bridge schools he foand his way, fifteen years old, to 
College. The glimpses of him on the way show a bright, serious lad. ** Twice 
on Sundays in the pew," at Andover "We take Emerson's Catechism in place of 
grammar; " the school-boys whisper, ** Stiles Gannett is very religious," and for- 
get their books to listen to his llowing recitations. In College, four hours a day of 
study gave him the first honors at graduation. And then, along with his chum, 
Kent, and William Furness and Calvin Lincoln—his three best friends among the 
classmates —he chose the ministry. 

It was 1820 now, and the Church of ihe forefathers was suffering its first 
schism. The quiet rationalizing process that had gone on for two or three genera- 
tions had reached a crisis, and Boston and Harvard College were the very heart of the 
heresy. The Liberal Divinity School hai been organized at Cambridge in Gannet's 
Freshman Year; he graduated when Channing's "Baltimore sermon;" the first 
systematic statement of Unitarianism, and the "Dedham decision," giving the 
meeting-houses to the ••parish," which was often liberal as a whole, instead of to 
the inside circle of ••church-members," who were usually orthodox,- when these 
were themes of table-talk and pulpit-tnlk all over Massachusetts; and while he 
studied his divinity, the School Professors, Ware and Norton, were carrying on de- 
bate with those of Andover about the dogma of the Trinity and the points of 
Calvinism. The father, shy in his old age of the new theology, had died before the 
boy left College; and close by in Cambridgeport an older son was preaching, in 
sympathy with that theology. No wonder that the boy found himself a Unitarian. 

In the School he must have added to his reputation for bright seriousness; 
for one October day, soon after finishing the course. Dr. Channing, Boston's lead- 
ing preacher, knocked at his door. He came to ask him to preach half the time for 
him. In fifteen services he ministered, and then the parish gave the call, and the 
young man stood as colleague by Dr. Channing's side in the Federal Street meeting- 
house; stood shrinking and yet bold; bold, perhaps, because he could forget the 
neighbor in the greatness of their common work, — **an office that my S.ivior held, 
a work together with God." His first sermon, as he faced the people, now his own, 
fell on July 4, 1824, and had for text, ** Rjc^ive us; ye are in oar hearts t j die and 
live with you." That word he kept. 

All a young pastor's first difficulties he knew well —the parish-calls; the Sunday 
School, then a new problem; the sermon-struggle with late night hours; the vestry- 
meetings; the ••occasional discourse" before the cit3''8 Charitable Societies; the 
eirly failures when he tried to speak extempore. Often his heart sank in him,— he 
there by Channing's side! And yet his real success was quick and deep; his 
people's eager action showed it so, when, after some three 3'ears, an urgent New 
York call came tempting him to service at that outpost. 

For he was getting known as one who could do more than parish-work. In 1824 
the Unitarians were still unorganized. But the very next May saw the American 
Unitarian Association come into being, mainly by the impulse of the younger men, 
the older lending little aid for fear the movement would become a sect. Dr 
Channing wiis among the doubters. His boy colleague, on the other hand, is said 
to have drawn up the simple Constitution, and was chosen Secretary, —an office he 
held the hard first six years. ••His whole soul is in it," wrote Henry Ware. 
Round about the suburban parishes the Secretary rode, starting the "auxiliaries," 
and in Boston starting tmcts. 



7»E COKHECTICUr FAHtlLK 213 

The next ten ypars, 1825-1835, were the hot years of the Unitarian Controversy. 
When at last the separation in the churches was effected and the conflict ceased, it 
was found that New England orthodoxy had not suffered very greatly from the 
schism after all. About one hundred and twenty-live parishes had changed faith 
«nd name, but, spite of hopes and fears, the new rationalism was not destined to 
spread fast or far« By this time it had pretty well defined itself, both by denials and 
by affirmations. It denied the infallibiliby of the Bible oracle; the total depravity 
of human nature; the God-made necessity of sin and everlasting woe; the vicar- 
ious atonement; the Deity of Christ. It affirmed God and God's goodness; Christ, 
his beloved Son, his messenger to earth; Christianity as supernatural revelation; 
the Bible, as the vehicle of the inspired Word of God; the soul's power 
of communion with God; Reason and Conscience as the God-likeness of 
the Soul; the consequent dignity of human nature and the duty of using 
Beason in religion; and the supremacy of character above belief as the test and 
essence of religion. This might be called **Channing ITnitarianism," and this was 
what the colleague preached and the Secretary tried to organize into a working 
Church. Combining enthusiasm, logic and practical judgment, he was by nature 
an organizer. Thus, in 1834, it was again his shaping pressure which led the Boston 
Unitarians to form their second large association, the '* Benevolent Fraternity of 
Churches," to support and spread the ministry-at- large among the city's poor, 
begun by Dr. Tackarman; and again he took the workman's post of Secretary. 
** You were made for action almost without intermission," wrote Dr. Channing 
Crom his summer quiet in Newport. The older pastor in these early years had fre- 
quent need to cheer the younger and counsel moderation in the work; and except in 
taking that advice the younger man always showed the loyalty he felt for the wise 
counsellor. 

But twelve years of the toil by day and night broke the worker down. Just 
before he knew what it was doing to him, he married Anna Linzee (daughter 
of Bryant R. and Zebiah C.) Tilden, (October 6th, 1835), of Boston, Mass. 
Even this uplifting failed to save him. The six months' home was sadly closed 
and the sick man escaped to Europe, the young wife following; then came a long 
two years of travel, made possible by his people's kindness. Slowly the days 
brightened with a growing hope of recovery. The last few months were spent in 
Loudon, where a little girl was born to them, and where the freshened preacher 
startled the staid Unitarian pulpits with an extemporaneous eloquence, that sent 
him home with fame. 

Home, and of course to work. The very first summer after the return there 
came ** the longest night I think I ever passed.'* That night left him a cripple for 
life. The paralytic stroke affected the right leg, whose power, except to suffer, was 
forever gone. Henceforth two short hand-crutches were his companions every- 
where. Their click, and his quick swinging leap between them, made him well-known 
in the city streets. " It is Dr. Gannett on his canes." **l must be patient. It is such 
a discipline as I needed, full of trial for my character and instruction for my soul." 
The infirmity became a fixed condition of his life, far past complaint, past even 
thought. He stopped at nothing for it; neither State House cupola nor mountain- 
climb. It seemed to have almost given him rather than robbed him of a limb. 
Three years later a second warning came, —the warning whose third coming, as he 
knew, was usually its last 

And now it seemed as if the main work of his life began. The new home was 



214 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

ia Bnmstead Place, a little niche off Tremont Street, one of the country nooks then 
hiding in the city's heart. In his first limping days he took in charge an infant 
magazine, ancestor of the present Uiiitnrian Jieview; and before yielding this to other 
hands, he was co-editor of the Christian JJraminer. The ag* of lectures had begun, 
and that first lame winter the church was crowded to the pu'pit stairs with listen- 
ers listening two hours long trt lectures on Unitarian doctrine; the oil lamps some- 
times went out before the audience. White-hiired ministers, then students, still 
recall their eager walks from Cambridge to, hear him, for he hatl fairly won the 
secret of extempore speech. And honors came: in 1H42 he gave the "Election Ser- 
mon;" in 1843 the **Dudleian Lecture," and in this year Harvard made him *'Doc- 
torof Divinity." **In all honesty it makes me feel ashamed, when I think how 
little I deserve it," the Journal says. In 1843 Dr. ('banning died. He bad long 
before withdrawn from active labor in the church, to save his little strength for 
wider influence through essiys, so that the death added a new sense of responsi- 
bility, but hardly new work-biirdeiis to the man now left alone in the high-staired 
pulpit. 

And **Channing Unitarianism " in a sense was passing, t.>o. A new thought 
was in the air. They called it ''Transcendentalism " for it transcended evidences 
based on sense. Young Emerson and Parker were its prophets. It criticised the 
Bible, the Christian revelation Wiis discredited, the ancient miracle unnecessary. 
Its emph'isis was on the Soul, the present inspiration, the God imminent. The 
Soul had its own sufficiency in the Son of God , Duty, Immortality. Jesus was ** the 
one man true to what is in you and me." It was Channing's thought in blossom, 
but it loas in blossom, and much of the thought of 182i was vanishing. Therefore, 
Unitarians who still held that earlier thought, —and these were the larger majority, 
—uprose in alarm ; and Theodore Parker, who declared that ikif was Christianity, 
was put under ban. so far as Unitarians could ban; that is to say, the ministers, 
with two or three exceptions, refused exchange with him, and this transferred hira 
from the country pulpit to large city halls, whence his word went forth, a word of 
might, for years. Another •* Unitarian Ctmtroversy," therefore; this time the 
Unitarians representing orthodoxy. And in this second controversy Mr. Gannett 
championed the elder doctrine as sturdily as Mr. Parker championed the heresy; 
yet both spoke out so mnnfully that each kept the other's trust. Pairker once said: 
"I would as soon leave my charjvcter with Dr. Gannett as with any man living;" and 
when he went away to die, one of his little good-by notes found its way, "with 
earnest gratitude," to Bnmstead Place. No trait in Mr. Gannett was more marked 
than honesty of mind. In all discussion, private or public, it was part of his own 
case to state the other side at its best. His instinct for fairness gave him name and 
made chivalric anecdotes. And more, it kept him always a true Liberal in spirit, 
considerate to young radicals and watchful of their rights, though in his own the- 
ology he remained to the end conservative, and grieved over the changing thought. 
His early vision was his latest. "Positive Christian faith" for him always in- 
cluded faith in Christ's Revelation. Once, looking back over forty years of ministry, 
he summed up as his four familiar emphases, — self-consecration, the basis of religi- 
ous character; faith, a positive, definite belief respecting God; Christ a miraculous 
revelation and its authentic rocord; righteousness, as essential to an experience of 
the life eternal; and " grandest, holiest, dearest theme of all," the possibility and 
joy of close communion between the human s<ml and God. 

On Christmas Day of 1846 the mother died Thenceforward Christmas was a 



THE CONNECT/CUT FAMUT, 215 

still and shadowed day in the household life. Into his love for her there entered 
that omnipresent element of loyalty. Eleven years married; the rest of the seventy 
years wore by and still the Christmas memory was kept, and the Journals all 
through the years spring open where a flower fastened on the page chronicles a 
pilgrimage to the Mt. Auburn grave. Three little children, a dear mother-aunt, and 
the lonely man now made the home. It was a minister's house.— plain; a minister's 
household, too, where each morning brought the Bible reading and the family prayer; 
and life revolved around the father's work. Yet a home of principles, not rules; of 
cheerful, earnest love. The children saw the grown up man trying as a child, like 
them, to be good and do right; he was their daily lesson in sincerity and unselfish- 
ness. Six years after the mother's death, Henry, the youngest, died. The father's 
old age then began. 

The work drove on, -hindered but not stopped by the aching nerves, the dys- 
pepsia, the depressions, which made him often feel, "My work in life seems uot 
to have baen done, bat to be p\st baiug done!" Hj re.\d but little, and wrote no 
books; but the seventeen hundred and fifty sermons left behind him, to say nothing 
of the piles of sermon-abstracts and lectures spoken, without manuscript, tell of 
one industry. Not the chief, however, for in the * 'Pastor's" labors he was always 
more abundant. Saturday night for sermons ; but the week for services of love and 
for his people in their homes. The more public record shows him President of the 
American Unitarian Association— (1847-51) ; of the Benevolent Fraternity of 
Churches — (18o7-0'2) ; Overseer of Harvard College (1835-58.) He gave the 
'• Ci3nveati m Sermoa " -(IS4S) ; the address t3 the idurani of the Divinity 
School --(1850); for five or six winters took many a cold ride about New England, 
giving Lyceum lectures ; was in request for dedication aud ordination services, and, 
as the gray hair whitened, especially for the Ordaining Prayer: "No one else so 
filled up our idea of tie reverend Father in God." Meanwhile the population was 
ebbing far away from the old meeting house on Federal Street, leaving it stranded 
among warehouses. At last the hour came to preach the Farewell Sermon there, 
and at the end of 1851 to dedicate the beautiful new church on Arlington Street, 
opposite the Public Garden. 

And now it was war days. Peace, Temperance, Education, and many forms 
of charity, —these were tae "caunes " which Dr. Gannett served all his life. But in 
the long anti-slavery struggle he had taken little part. With his whole soul he 
hated slavery, and spoke strong, solemn words against it. But he was too profoundly 
a peace man to be an Abolitionist, —his clear head pre-seeing war as the result 
of the Northern-Abolition policy, he was too profoundly a lover of order and gov- 
ernment to facf* penetrable disunion and its consequences —consequences which to 
him included slavery made more hopeless, rather than emancipation. Only inch by 
inch he yielded this position. "God save us from disunion! I know that slavery 
is a political anl a moral evil, a sin and a curse; but disunion seem>. to me to be 
treason, not so much against the country as a^^ainst humanity. The curse would 
not be removed, the evil would not be abated, no one would be benefited by it." 
Thus in an 1850 sermon. In 1854, "Union may cost us too much." After John 
Brown's deed, " The maddest attempt ever made by one of the noblest of men." 
To the very last he recoiled. An<l when the war was began, no war-sermons rang 
from his pulpit no young men of the parish were urged to enlist. " Remember God! 
Remember (iod! " was his one constant message to his people through the dark 
hours and the bright of those four years. With intense interest he watched and 



216 TH£ STILES GtHEMLOGT. 

WHited 08 Blavery perinlietl and the nntion's unity Burvived. In such war- work bh hi» 
conscience allowed, he labored strennously. On the bronze bas-reliefs of the Soldiers' 
Monnment on Boston Common, his face appears in the Sanitar}' Commission group; 
and the Freedmen's Ai<^ Society had all bis heart,— it was *' the great charity of the 
age," he said. 

At the end of the war the good people— whose oflFers to increase bis salary had 
been again and again refused— delayed his resignation by sending him again to 
Earoi)e; and a samruer there enabled him to struggle on a little longer through in- 
creasing weakness and depression. The new task he now undertook was to 
teach in a new Theological School extemporized by some of the Boston ministers. 
The old man taught the young men their "systematic theology;** or the truths of 
religion, as be preferred to call it. Whatever doctrine he taught, be taught them his 
humility and liberality of mind. To him as one of the Fathers of the Church, it fell 
to give the semi-centennial address at the Cambridge IMviuity School, in 1867, there 
once more illustrating his double loyalty, —to the old Unitarian beliefs and to the 
old Unitarian principle of freedom in belief. In December, 1868, the resignation 
note„ -the la.st of many written — was sent, but still the friends said, No. So one 
more little journey South and West, and one more year of struggling work, and then, 
with a sad heart, as of one who had failed to do, at last the old man yielded up the 
active .-charge of his society. As ** senior pastor" be still served in homes, and 
now and then in church, for a few months longer, -months slowly brighten- 
ing, as his heart accepted the necessities of age, so long resisted. On June 25, 
1871, he preached all day to his people,— in the afternoon a new sermon, on "Con- 
stant Growth in the Religious Life." Then came a happy summer in the hills, a 
summer whose days he seemed to spend endearing himself to friend and stranger 
there. Home, again, in August. On Saturday night, the twenty-sixth of that 
month, he took the cars to go to Lynn, still on a preaching errand. Another train 
dashed on them from behind. And then the bruised body was laid to rest in Mt. 
Auburn, and many hearts in many homes were sorrowing. 

There were memorial services here and there; and in their newspapers men of 
other faiths were glad to tell their reverence for his life; and for a few weeks, wher- 
ever in New England Unitarians met, anecdotes of Dr. Gannett were apt to mingle 
with their talk— anecdotes of his humility, his conscientiousness, his quick confes- 
sions of wrong, following some word too quickly spoken, his quaint bits of asceti- 
cism, his painstaking niceties of deed, his impetuous eloquence, his zeal for the 
faith, his love for the "Brethren," his unending self-forgetfulness, and of 

** That best portion of a good man's life, 
His little, nameless, unremembered acts 
Of kindness and of love." 

"Body, soul and spirit, *as much as in him was,* he did the work of an Evan- 
gelist in the city for nearly half a century, in word and act. Wherever he was seen 
passing, with his rapid step, jumping along on his two canes, men felt the presence 
of the sense of duty.'* 

Mr. Gannett's chUdren were : 

I. Cathbbinb Booth, bom in London, Eng., April 6, 1838; married, 
June 11, 1863, Samuel Wells, Esq., of Boston, Mass., (son of 
Samuel Wells, once Governor, and for a long time Judge of 



TH£ COMMECTtCUT FAMILY. 217 

the Supreme Court of Maine), bom at Hallowell, Me. ; grad. 
Harvard, 1857; practicing law in Boston; and also eminent 
(e»p6cially as to diatomes) in microscopical circles. 

Mrs. Wells herself occupies a high position in the literary, 
social and benevolent circles of Boston. She has written 
About People ; Miss Curtis ; In the Clearings ; also much and 
well in the lines of children's, Sunday School and Unitarian 
literature, such as Outlines and Charts for Conversaiion and 
Study; Comer Slones of Character; Bights and Claims^ etc.; 
has been a frequent and welcome contributor to the Atlantic, 
Religious Monthly Magazine, St. Xicholas, Wide Auxike, and the 
best secular and religions newspapers of Boston. She is Pres- 
ident of the Moral Education Association of Mass. ; a Director 
and Vice-President of the Mass. Society for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children: Director in the American Unitarian Asso- 
ciation and Mass. Sunday School Society; Chairman of the 
Executive Committee of the Mass. Emergency and Hygiene 
Association; a Director at one time in the Women's Educa- 
tional Association, and the Mass. Society for the University 
Education of Women; Trustee of the Permanent Fund of the 
Women's Educational and Industrial Union; Chairman of its 
Protective Committee (for getting the wages of working girls 
when wrongfully withheld), and is a member ot several minor 
clubs and societies, having aided in the establishment of sev- 
eral enter])rises which have proved most useful successes. Yet, 
withal, in her home she finds her chief and dearest pleasures. 

Children : 

I. Stiles Gannett (WeiU), bom Dec. 7, 1864. 

II. SAMUEL ( WelU), bom Jan 19, 1869. 

III. LonsA APPLETON { Wells), born Dec. 23. 1872. 

II. Rev. William Channino, born in Boston, Mass., March 13, 1840; 
educated in Boston and Ciimbridge, "and all along since — 
still educating!" grad. Harvard, 1860; in Harvard Divinity 
School for six months, 1801 02, and again for two years, 1860- 
08; during 1802 65, was at the South in Port Royal and Sav- 
annah, Ga., engaged in the Freed men's work, having the 
superintendence of several large plantations, where his dis- 
cipline was as perfect as was his brotherly care for all the 
negroes in his charge; had charge of a Church in Milwaukee, 
Wis., (1808-70), and when his father's health began to seriously 
fail, he removed to and took charge of the Church in East 
Lexington, MasH. (1871-2); with Church in St. Paul, Minn., 
1877-83, where, through his efforts, a new Church was erected 
for his parish. As a Pastor he possesses fidelity to the slight- 
est claim of duty and reverence and earnestness in his work. 
His sermons are marked by poetic beauty of phrase as well as 
by transparent clearness of thought and logical force. His 



218 THE STILES OEMEALOOY. 

poems are generally either religioos in tone, or descriptive of 
nature, and have given him high rank as a poet. 

He has devoted mnoh time to the interests of Western 
Unitarianism ; in connection with other friends he inaugurated 
at Chicago the paper now called UnHy^ in 1878, of which he 
he is one of the editors and steady contributors; has written 
for the Norih Amtrican and other magazines. He is also the 
author of several tracts, etc., published cchiefly in Chicago) in 
connection with the ** Unity Publishing Committee." His 
word, written or spoken, is of power; his character as a man 
commanding and worthy of his descent from four generations 
of New England clergymen; and his innate modesty is the 
only bar to his occupying a much more prominent place in 
the public regard. Among his published works are: Life of 
Ezra Stiles Gannett; The Childhood of Jesus; A Year of Jfim- 
cles; The Thought of God in Hymns and Poems, (in connection 
with Fredr. L. Hosmer); Tfdrty Hymns and Chorals^ (one of 
three compilers); The Faith that makes Faithful; Shew us the 
Fhther, etc. 

Mr. Gannett married, Nov, 3, 1887, Mary Thorn Lewis, 
and resides (1888) at Hinsdale, III. 

III. Henbt Tilden, born in Boston, January 18, 1842; died January 
2, 1852. 

218. VII. Maky," born Aug. 25, 1767; married Bew. Abiel 
Holmes, A. M. — thus recorded by the President : 
**Rev. Abiel Holmes, bom at Woodstock in Con- 
necticut, son of Dr. Dav'.d Holmes and Temperance 
his wife, Dec. 24, 1763: Educated at Yale College 
where he graduated 1783 ; and, Sept. 15, 1785, the 
day after the public Commencement, he was by the 
Reverend Corpor. or President and Fellows (as Min- 
isters) publickly Ordained in Yale College Chapel, 
Pastor of the Congregational Church in Midway, in 
Georgia, which, in 1696, removed from Dorchester, 
near Boston. After a year's Residence at Midway, 
Mr. Holmes' Health being impaired, he revisited N. 
Engld, & wan elected a Tutor of Yale College & 
officiated above a year; and then i-eturned to 
Georgia." 

"The Itev^ Abiel Holmes and my Daughter 
Polly were married Aug. 29, 1790. And Nov"" 9, 



THE CONNECTICUT FMNItLY. 219 

1790, embarked for Georgia." [M8S.] He was 
compelled by ill health to return to the North in 

1791, and became pastor of the First Church of 
Cambridge in 1792. He published (1798) a bi(^. 
raphy of his father-in-law, Pres. Stiles; and (1805) 
the Amials of America, in two volumes — a work 
which gave him immediate and permanent reputa- 
tion in historical circles, both in this country and in 
Great Britain. 

Mrs. Mary (Stiles) Holmes died August 29, 
1795, after a lingering illness. No issue. Dr. 
Holmes married, 2nd, Sarah, daughter of the Hon. 
Oliver Wendell, of Boston, and became the father of 
the celebrated physician, poet and novelist. Dr. 
Oliver Wendell Holmes, of Boston, Mass. 

219. VIII. 8akah,« bom in Newport, R I., July 14, 1769; died 
Sept. 4, 1769, sb. 7 weeks, 3 days. 

This is, also, a proper place for reprinting, from the Historical 
Magazine, for December, 1868, (p. 276-7), the following article on 
"Poems by the Stiles Family," by Hon. J. Hammond Trumbull, of 
Hartford, Connecticut: 

"A Family Tablet: containing a selection of original poetby. 
[Motto, from Akenside.] Bost(m: Printed and sold by 
William Spottswood, 1796." 12mo. pp. (12,) 81. " Copy- 
right secured agreeably to law." 

This little volume is not an " excessively rare " one, though 
it might pass for such in some booksellers' catalogues. Neither is 
it very common, for the most accomplished local antiquaiy of 
Boston, a veteran book-collector, told me, not long ago, that he had 
never met with it. Probably the edition was a small one, and all or 
nearly all the copies were distributed to friends of the authora. 

The selected poems are all anonymous. It is only by internal 
evidence that they are discovered to have been written by members 
of the family of Rev. Dr. Ezra Stiles, President of Yale College, and 
to have been edited by his son-in-law, the Rev. Abiel Holmes, after- 



220 THE STILES OEMEALOGY. 

wards D. D., and American Annalist. Readers of the Historical 
Magazine will not fail to recognize the claim which such a " Family 
Tablet " has to the respectful notice of American scholars, independ- 
ent of its literary merits. Every librarian and collector who has 
a copy of the volume will be glad to remove its title from his 
" anonymous " list to a place of higher honor. 

President Stiles died May 12th, 1795. Two of his daughters, 
Elizabeth (unmarried), and Mary, wife of Rev. A. Holmes, died be- 
fore the end of the same year. The Preface of the " Family Tablet " 
l)egins as follows : 

'**The music of Carryl," says Ossian, was like the memory 
of joys that are past, pleasant and mournful to the soul.' iTo per- 
petuate the rememberance of such joys, and, at tlie same time, to 
pay a funereid tribute to the memory of those friends who, when liv- 
ing, were the source of them, are the jmmary designs of this publi- 
cation." 

The selection comprises forty-seven pieces, by eight writei'S, 
distinguished by their signatures, as ** Louisa," " Myra,'" " Myron,*' 
"Engenio," "Cecilia," ** Narcissa," "Henry," and "St. John." 
" Louisa," who contributed thirteen of the forty-seven poems, was 
Miss Ruth Stiles, the youngest surviving daughter of the President, 
afterwards married to the Rev. Caleb Gannett. She wrote the 
** Elegy," with which the volume begins, on the deaths of her father 
and sisters; "Lines to Miss S. W. on the death of her brother, Major 
J. P. W., [John Palsgrave Wyllys,] who fell in the battle at the 
Miami Vilhige, 1790; " " Lines to the memory of Mrs. T. W., wtio 
died soon after the birth of her first cliild, March 20, 1795;" (these 
lines had previously been published in the Massachusetts Magazine;) 
and (p. 51,) Lines " To a gentleman who presented Louisa with a 
])en, &c." This gentleman's " reply" is signed " Henry," (p. 53), 
and is the only piece in the volume to which that signature is at- 
taclied. 

Three poems signed " Engenio," were written by Mr. Ezra Stiles, 
Jr., who died in North Carolina, August twenty- second, 1784. 
These are entitled, "Lines occasioned by the war, 1777;" "Andre's 
Ghost; in imitation of " Porapey's Ghost';" and " Conscience," (pp. 
7, 8, 26.) The closing lines of the fii*st of these poems, considering 
the period which they were written, are worth quoting: 



THE COHNECTICVT FAMILY. 221 

What scenes of varied woe thus meet onr eyes, 
Fresh sighs for thee, lamented Warren! rise. 
Nor long shall Britain thus her triumph boast— 
A happier warrior arms a happier host ! 
Before great Washinoton her sons shall fly; 
He leads our troops — to conquer or to die, — 
While Warren's hovering ghost, each wrong repaid. 
In equal dust «hall see his conqueror laid. 

*' Mvra" is the anagram of Mary, the youngest daughter, first wife 
of the Rev. Abiel Holmes who writes as "Myron." The former 
wrote eight, the latter sixteen (including the two longest) poems of 
the selection. Among those of " Myron" are " Lines to' the memory 
of Mrs. T. H. (his mother,) who died 1791 setat. 87'' (p. 13); and an 
**Eligy on Doctor ^ ^ * ¥r *" [David Holmes, his 
father], p. 58; ** Hymn written at sea" (p. 21); " The transformation 
of Eliza [Miss Elizabeth Stiles?] into a Poplar" (pp. 41-48); 
** Lines occasioned by seeing a Portrait of the Goddess of Liberty 

finely executed by Mr. E. Savage" (p. 55); "Elegiac Sonnet 

on Mrs. K. T. S. [Kezia Taylor Stiles, who married Lewis B. Stur- 
ges, Esq., of New Haven, in 1785,] and who died within a year after 
marriage" (p. 57), and, most ambitious of all, ** Yaratildia: an Epic 
poem. La three books. Diix fijemina fadi. Virgil." This poem, 
the last in the volume, has a separate title page and preface. It 
was written to celebrate ** incidents that actually happened during 
the residence of the Heroine in the Author's family," and was 
** originally designed as a winter evening's amusement." That the 
writer's design was effected, there can hardly be a doubt — 

"Albeit, in the general way, 
A sober man" was he. 

There is humor in this mock-epic, — but the humor is decorous 
and subdued, so i\s, on the whole, not to appear out of place on a 
memorial Tablet ! The two pieces (pp. 40, 49,) signed " St. John," 
were probably contributed by St. John Honeywood, who, while a 
student at Yale CJollege, was for some time a member of Dr. Stiles' 
family, and who (says Dr. Holmes,) "as an orphan child and a youth 
of a fine genius, had shared, among many others, the benefits of the 
President's patronage." {Life of Pres, Stiles, p. 296.) Honeywood 
died at Salem, September first, 1798. 



222 THE STtLES GEM EM LOGY. 

FAMILY 14. 

220. Isaac' Stiles, [96], {Rev. Isaac.,' Jolin,^ John^ John,') 
bom Sept. 25, 1729; settled in North Haven, Conn., his birthplace, 
and May 31, 1750, married Mabel Clark, who was born Nov. 5, 
1730. 

Mr. Isaac Stiles died March 13, 1783, aB. 54. Of Mrs. Stiles' 
death there is no record. 

Children :* 

221. L LucY,« bom July 12, 1751; married John Tuttle. 

222. II. Mabel,* born Feb. 12, 1753; married Titus Frost. 

223. III. Elizabeth,* bom Feb. 21, 1755; married Timothy 

Eaton. 

224 IV. Timothy Clark,* bom Feb. 1, 1758; died Feb. 14, 
1759, 8B. 1 year, 14 days. 

225. V. Ruth,* bom April 1, 1760; married John Pierpont. 

226. VI. Mary,* born Feb. 22, 1763; married Richard Mansfield. 

227. Vn. Kezu,* ; maiTied Jesse^Mansfield. 

228. VIU. ,* son, born and died Feb., 1766. 

229. IX. Isaac Clark,* bom April 30, 1767; married Eunice 

Blakslee. Family, 28. 

FAMILY 15. 

230. Ashbel ' Stiles, [104], (Bev. Isaac,' JohnJ^ John^ John,') 
bom at North Haven, Conn., Sept. 11, 1735; married his cousin 



* Of the seven daughters of this family, not a child of theirs Is living 1886. [Ezba Stiles, 
Esq., of North Haven.] 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 223 

Hannah (daughter of lieut. Samuel) Stiles, of Windsor, Conn., Feb. 
1759;* removed to North Haven, before the death of his parents; 
inherited the family mansion and a very comfortable property from 
his father; but, in an evil hour, endorsed for a friend and lost his all. 
Soon after he removed to Windsor, Conn., and thence to Norwich 
(now Huntington), Mass., near his daughter, Mrs. Buth (Stiles) Ellis. 
He served in the Revolution and was at Horse Neck from May, 1781, 
to Maich, 1782.t He died at Norwich (now Huntington), Mass., 
October, 1810, se. 75. Mrs. Hannah Stiles died at Norwich, Septem- 
ber, 1810 2d. 75. 

Children : 

231. I. ,« died inf., 1759. 

232. II. Esther Hooker,' bom August 30, 1760; died Oct. 7, 

1823. 

233. m. Samuel,' bom Dec. 3, 1762; married Hannah Ells- 

worth. Family 29. 

234. IV. Job,' bom Jan. 12, 1765; married Mary Drake. Fam- 

ily 30. 

235. V. Hannah,' bom May 16, 1768; married Elisha Lyman, 

Jr., of Northampton, Mass., Jan. 10, 1793. Issue: 

236 i. William, 7 bom April 9. 1794. 

237. ii. AsHBEL Stilbs,' bom May 27. 1796, died June 3, follow- 

ing, at Conway, Mass. 

238. iii. HoBACE,' bom April 11, 1798. 

239. iv. Hannah,' bom Sept. 20, 1799. 

240. V. Fanny,' bom Jan 8, 1802. 

241 vi. EusHA Stiles,' bom Feb. 13, 1804; died, unmarried, 

March 12, 1852, at Ottawa, 111. 

242. vii. Edwin," bom May 3, 1806. 

* See Family 9, line of Henry StileB. 
t Stiles' Hut. Ancient WiniUor, p. 428. 



224 THE STtLES GEMEMLOGT. 

243. Tiii. Lewis,' bom August 3, 1808. 

244. ix. Benjamin,' bom June II, 1810. 

245. X. Henby,' bom Oct. 4, 1813. 

Mrs, Hannah (Stiles) Lyman died at Derby, Vt., 
Feb. 25, 1814 * 

246. VI. Benjamin,' bom March 10, 1772; died at Jamaica, W. 

I., from injuries by being thrown from a horse. 

247. VII. RcTH,« bom Feb. 3, 1778; (Pres. Stiles' MSS. says 

1777); admitted to full communion in First 
Church of Windsor, May 6, 1800; (C/i. Rec); 
married El)enezer Ellis, a farmer, of Norwich (now 
Huntington, Mass.), July 3, 1801. Mr. Ellis was 
the son of Samuel, a soldier in the old French 
and Indian Wars and in the Revolution, all of 
whose sons were six feet in heigiit. Issue : 

248. i. Samuel,^ bom March 10, 1802. A farmer, at Goshen, 

Mass. : died Dec. 1, 1875. 

249. ii. Edward, 7 M. D., bom Jan. 15, 18(H, at Cheshire Mass. 

attended school at Windsor, Conn., in 1818; grad 
Berkshire Med. College, Dec. 16, 1829; afterward 
studied at New York and Philadelphia. His health 
being then delicatTe, he determined upon a radical 
change of locality and climate, and, therefore, in 
1826, settled at Meadville, Crawford Co., Pennsyl- 
vania, a then comparatively new and nnHettled 
region. For many years after his coming to this 
country, he was oblij^ed, in the discharge of his 
professional duties, to ride on horseback to all parts 
of the county, and largely through forests, where 
"blazed," trees f. e., marked by the axe, were the only 
guides. But, always devoted to his profession, his 
sense of duty to the calls of suffering humanity en- 
abled him — despite his delicate constitution— to en- 
dure the fatigues of this frontier practice; and in 
1884 at the age of 81 years, his erect form, stalwart 
figure and unimpaired mental faculties, gave little or 
no sign of the severe labors which so tested his zeal 

* See Genealogy of Lyman Family, p. 400, for full account of this family. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 225 

and endurance. He had then never been out of the 
professional harness for a period of sixty years; and 
was still able to attend to his practice with as much 
ability as ever. He was the Urst President of the 
Crawford Co. Medical Society, organized at Mead- 
ville, Pa., in 1832, and held the office for many years. 
He was, also, for many years a Warden, and a 
Vestryman of Christ Church, Mead vi He, Pa. 

During his long residence in Meadville, Dr. Ellis 
took an active interest in the welfare of the com- 
munity; aiding many young men in obtaining 
an education, and establishing others in business, 
some of whom are now prominent and successful men. 
He was, at one time, largely interested in manufac- 
turing and other enterprises which promised to con- 
tribute greatly to the prosperity of the place, but which 
proved to be unfortunate investments, and resulted 
in the total loss of his large propcity. His losses, 
however, neither lessened the cheerfulness of his 
temper, nor his kindness of heart. Dr. Ellis died at 
Meadville, Pa., May 2, 1885. 

Dr. Ellis was twice married; (1), April 4, 1832, to 
Mary Kennedy, who died in 184(); (2), to Sarah Buch- 
anan, of Meadville, March 31, 1842. She died March 
14, 1844. By this marriage he had one daughter, 
Elizabeth RuTH,8born March 12, 1843; married, June 
1, 18r>4, Rev. Morison Byllesby, then and for some 
time afterward rector of Christ P. E. Church, Mead- 
ville Pa. Issue : 

Ruth Ellis » (Byllesby), born March 9, 18<)0. 

Lewis Hmith UBylle.sby) | ^^J.'^ /"^^ ^^' 1^<>^' 
11 T^ .. , T, » . V r diedof cholera, Aug. 

Kdward Ellis' (Byllesby) J ^ ^^^ 3^ l^^^ 

Ellis Buchanans (ByUtsby), born Jan. 28, 1872. 

Lanoton* ( Byllesby )y bom April 14, 1873. 

Sabah Elizabeth' (Byllesby), born Nov. 24, 1875. 

260. iii. Hylas,' born May 31, 1806; unmarried; res., Scioto, 

Ohio; died April 20, 1875. 

251 iv. Harriet A.,? bom Nov. 7, 1808; died March 16, 1839 

252 V. AsHBEL Stilks,' born June 11, 1811; died Dec. 29, 1811. 

253 vi. Hannah,* born, Oct. 26, 1812; married Noah Ellis, of 

Chester, Mass. ; died Nov. 19. 1876. 



226 THE ST/LES GENEALOGY. 

254 vii. Ebknezkb Stiles,' bora Jan. 7, 1815; res., (1888), Hunt- 

ington, Mass. 

255 viii. Chbystik,' bora July 30, 1818; died Feb. 19, 1831. 

256 ix. Benjamin Hookeb,' M. D.. bora July 31, 1821; died 

Feb. 15. 1851. 

Mrs. Euth (Stiles) Ellis died Dec. 1, 1863, 
in Huntington, Mass. 

FAMILY, 16. 

257. isaac^ Stiles, [153], (Imac* Ephraim,^ John^ JoJm,^) 
bom at Westfield, Mass., June 23, 1726; settled at Westfield. He 
married (1),* Experience Lanckton, of Northampton, Mass., 1753, 
who died 1759. Married, (2), 1761, Mabel Bedortha (widow of John) 
Bancroft, of Springfield, Mass,t who died March 28, 1785. 

The tombstone at Agawam, Mass., dated 1785, of Isaac Stiles, J 
may iDe his, or that of one of his sons. 

Children (by first wife) : 

258. I. ,• son ; died infant. 

259. II. ,* son ; died infant. 

{By second wife): 

260. III. Horace.* (a) 

• IntonlloQ of marriage. July 6, 1753. ( Walfuld Rec.) 

t Isaac Stiles, Jr., of Westfield, and Mabel Bancroft, of . were married at Springfield, 

Dec. 24, 1761. We*{fUId, Ma$s. Recordi. 

♦ Miff, of Connecticut Vallry, p. 1,051. 

(a). Mr. David H. Stiles, of Suffield, Conn., under date of January 10, 1885, in- 
forniH us that there was a 

1. Horace Stiles,* once living in that town, (probably this Horace), 

who had child : 

2. Chauncey SriLE8,« also a resident of Suffiehi. He had children : 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMUT. 227 

FAMILY 17. 

261. Lieut. Martin' Stiles, [154], {Isaac,* Ephraim,^ John,^ 
JbAn^) bom at Westfield, Mass., July 17, 1728; married Dorcas Adams, 
of Suffield, Comi., Dec. 4, 1751.* He was engaged in the French and 
Indian Wars; also served as lieutenant (commission bearing date of 

3. i. Chauncey.3 

4. ii. HoBACB,3 lived and died in Agawam, Mass., without 

issue. 

5. Chauncey^ Stiles, 2nd, [3], {Chauncey^* Horace,^) married (1), Sarah Sykes, 
Dec. 17, 1789. She died March 7, 1796, m. 28 years. He married, (2), Mary Stan- 
nard, Nov. 22, 1801. Mr. Chauucey Stiles died Jan. 10, 1817. 

Children (by find wife) all bora in Si{ffi€lii, Conn.: 

6. 1. CxNTHiA,^ bom June 23, 1790; married, Oct. 26,t 1814, 

David Sikes, Jr., of Suffield. She died Feb. 2, 1829. 
Issue : 

1. DAVID Ltman,& born Aug. 2, 1815 ; married, Jan. 1, 1853, 
Jane B. Hamilton, of Chester, Mass. 

11. OBSOM Stiles.s bom Aug. 14, 1817 ; married, Aug. 5, i860, 
Mary McCurdy, of Springfield, Mass. 

ill. JONATHAN EUMKTT,'> born Jan. 2, 1819: married, Nov. 
26, 18i6, Laura Slkes, of Suffield, Conn. 

Iv. ANGELINB ELIZA, ft bom Dec. 17, 1826 ; married. Dec. 11. 
1865, Albert M. Kent, of Suffield, Conn. 

7. II. Chaunckt,-* 3rd, bom Aug. 25, 1791; married, (1), Abigail 

Lane; (2), Sally Lester. 

H. III. Sarah,"* born March 5, 1793; married. May 31, 1813, 

Carlos OrsLnger'f removed to Painesville, Ohio; both 
joined the Mormons, and went to Utah. 

Children by s€a)nd wife : 

9. IV. Abtemesia,* born Feb. 11, 1802; married John Granger, 

•brother of her sister Sarah's husband; resided in 
Ohio. 

10. V. DiANTHA,^ born Jan. 3, 1804; married in Ohio. 

11. VI. Mercy Jennet,* bom June 14, 1806; died June 24, 1809. 

• Suffield Secordg; "Intention of marriage and publication, Nov. 16, 1751." Wes^ld, Mats., 
Recwdt, 

t Her son, Jonathan E. Sykes. of Suffield (1885), says Sept. 15. 



228 TH£ ST/L£S G£M£ALOGY. 

1776) in the Revolutionary War; was at Fort Edward, Ticonderoga, 
White Plains, and New London. The summer previous to his death 
(being then in 80th year) he raised five ficres of Indian com by his 
own labor. 

He died Dec. 9, 1808, ae. 80. Mrs. Dorcas (Adams) Stiles, 
died Sept. 13, 1813, ae. 83. 

Children : 

262. I. Martin,* l)orn at Westfield, Mass., May 5, 1753; 

married Tirzah Loomis. Family 31. 

263. II. Dorcas,* bom at Westfield, Mass. ; married Job Stiles, 

of Granville, Mass., July , 1781. 

FAMILY 18. 

264. Israel' Stiles, [156], {Tmac,* Ephraim.WoJm;^ John,') 
born at Westfield, Mass., May 27, 1731; married Dorcas White,* 

12. VII. Mercy Jbnnet,< born Oct. 29, 1808; mamed in Ohio. 

13. VIII. Harvey,^ ; died Dec. 13. 1812, m. 13 months. 

14. Chauncey^ Stiles, 3id, [7], ( CJiaujicey,^ Ckauncey,^ Horace,^) married. (1), 
Abigail Lane, (Certificate of intention of marriage, Nov. 6, 1815), f who died in 
childbed, June 9, 181G, ee. 34 years; married (2), Oct 20, 1817, Sally Lester. 

Mr. Chauncey Stiles died March 30, 1820. 

ChUd, (by first wife), horn in Suffield, (Jonn, : 

15. I. Infant, •"' born and died June 9, 1816. 

Children, {by second wife), born in Suffield. Conn.: 

Ifi n. Chauncey,^ bom June 15. 1818; died Feb. 16, 1838, in 

Sufl&eld, unmarried. 

17. IIL Horace,* born July 3, 1820; died May 16, 1850. in Suf- 

field. unmarried. 

C uisumption seems to have been hereditary in this branch of the Stiles fam- 
ily, which is now entirely extinct. The records of families of Chauncey,^ and 
C'hauncey,^ above given, are from Suffield Town Records. 

* Dorcas Root, (probably the right name), accordlug to her grandson, Mr. Jason Fox, of 
Westfleld, 18K4. 

t GrcmvilU (Mass.) Records. 



TH£ COMMiCTICUT FAMILY. 229 

of Granville, Mass. He lived and died in Westfield, about 1780. 
His widow married, (2), Job Stiles.* 

Children, horn at Westfield, Mass.: 

265. L Dorcas,* bom July 26, 1776; married Jonathan Day 

Fox, Nov. 17, 1791; died at Westfield, Mass., Oct., 
1839, 86. 63 years. They had six sons and four 
daughters. 

266. IL Israel,* bom July 14, 1778; married Dorcas Hastings. 

Family 32. 

FAMILY 19. 

267. Daniel ' Stiles, [157], {Isaac,^ Ephraim^ John^ John,^) 
bom at Westfield, Mass., Jan. 20, 1732-3; married Amy Hillyer,t 
of Simsbiiry, Conn. ; settled in Westfield, and died in service in the 
old French War. 

Children : 

268. I. Amy,« l)om at Westfield Mass., May J 2, 1755; married 

Joseph Churchill. Issue, ten children. 

269. II. Daniel,*' bom Jan. 15, 1757; married (1) Sarah Rogers; 

married (2), Charity Lucas. • Family 33. 

270. in. Lewis,^ bom Aug. 7, 1760; married . Fam- 

ily 34. 

271. IV. Austin,* bom March 12, 1763; married 

Family 35. 

272. V. Huldah,« bom April 12, 1765;** married Joseph Selleck, 

of Hubbardstown, N. H. Issue : Five children. 



* Job and Dorcau {nee Israel's wife , had daughter Cynthia, who married Launcelot 
Qranger, and had two daughters and three sons. 

t Intention of marriage entered May 11, 1754.— ( WutJUld Records.) 
t iiaJCCh.;-{Wes(/Uld Rfcords.) 
*• nM.— Wet^ld R^cordi. 



230 THE STILES GEMEALOGY. 

FAMILY 20. 

273. Zebediah' Stiles, [161], (Ephraim* Ephraim? John^ 
John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., Sept. 15, 1723; married Experi- 
ence Wells, of Northampton, Mass., Jan. 23, 1751. He settled in 
Pittsfield, Mass., where he died Jime 14, 1814. 

It appears, from the History of Pittsfield, Mass., that he was a 
soldier in the Louisbarg Expedition of 1745, and also in the Revo- 
lutionary War. On the same authority, we learn that he, with his 
father, Ephraim (160), each paid £2 10s. for seats in the Pittsfield 
Meeting House in 1765. Nov. 16, 1772, he had eleven inmates in 
his family. 

He was one of the earliest settlers of Pittsfield, as in the 
History above, refen-ed to, we find (i. p. 88) ** in the same summer 
[1752J Zebediah Stiles fmmd companionship in a like humble home, 
on the comer of West and Onoto Streets;" and (i. p. 140) **40 
shillings were voted in 1761, for a pound forty feet square, to be 
built, and kept by Zebediah Stiles, nejir his house" on West Street; 
also (p. 140, i. 436) he brought a sill 50 feet long as his contribution 
to the meeting house erected in 1790.* 

Mrs. Experience (Wells) Stiles, bonj Oct. 29, 1733, at North- 
ampton, Mass., died at Pittsfield, Mass., June 9, 1814, bb. 81. 

In the Pittsfield Cemetery stands a monument with tlie follow- 
ing inscription: **In memory of Zebediah and Experience Stiles, 
who immigrated from Westfield, with some of the first settlers to 
this town A. D. 1752 — 'Braving the sjivage beasts of the forest, and 
men more savage far than they.' Mrs. Stiles dietl June 9, 1814, se, 
81. Mr. Stiles died June 15, 1814, aged 90." 

Children {all born at Pittsfeld^ Mas8.):\ 

274. I. Mercy, *^ boi-n Jan. 8, 1751-2; married John Walker, of 
Beckett; died Oct. 27, 1785. 



* Zebediah Stiles, probably tills one, was at a Church meeting. Jan. 12, 1810, cited to answer, 
on the 19th, to a charge of having •* Joined the separation."— /fi<<. Pittsfield, Ma**., 1. p. 132. 

t All but Asahel, 1st, Justus and Experience were baptised on the same day, Aug. 10, 1766. 
—PitftfUld R^c, Bk. 7, p. 6, and Firtt Church Record*. 

X PUtsfwAd R^cnrtU, Bk. VII., 120, glTes their " intention of marriage,'* July 7, 1772. 



THE COMMiCTfCUT FAM/L^. 231 

275. 11. AsAHEL,« born July 12, 1753 ; died July 27, or 29, 1755. 

276. m. Lois,« bom Sept. 18, 1755, {Piitsjield Bee., Bk. 7, p. 

117, say 1756; married Cady, at Granville, 

K Y., and died at Pittsfield, Jan. 3, 1835; had 

277. L Cady," born June 16, 1790; died Jan. 30, 1883; married 

and had children: 

i. Fbedbbick,^ deceased. 

ii. Henby,8 res. N. Y. City. 

iii. Sophia M., (wife of Edward N. Robbins). of Pitts- 
field, Mass. 

278. IV. Zebeduh,' born Oct. 20, 1757; married Elizabeth 

Miller, 1783. Family 36. 

279. V. AsAHEL,* born Nov. 29, 1759; married Bissell Gleasou. 

Family 37. 

280. VL Silas,* bom Nov. 1, 1761. In U. S. Pension Office 

at Washington, D. C. are records of ser\dces of a 
Silas Stiles, undoubtedly this one, who is described 
as " not a pensioner." His appUcation for pension, 
made in September, 1832, he being then of Keeue, 
Essex Co., N. T., states that he was " born in Pitts- 
field, Mass., Nov. 1, 1763;* that according to his best 
recollection he volunteered in June, 1779, into the 
Co. of Capt. Hill,t which was being drafted at Pitts- 
field, and with the consent of his father to serve three 
months, & when the Co. was filled up, it marched 
to New Haven, Conn., in which place some public 
stores were burnt before the Co. with Stiles arrived 
but they tarried awhile doing duty as guard. In the 
month of May or June, 1781, he engaged for 9 months 
service in the French Army as a teamster, going with 

* Thts is quite as likely to be the correct year, as that givea above. 

t Prom aaothor source we have this statement: " Enlisted July 00, 1779, In Lieut. Joel 
Steveus' Company; marched to New Haven, Conn.; dismissed Aug. 25, 1779.'' 



232 Iff^ STILES GENEALOGY. 

some 20 others, including the conductors of the 
teams, to Hartford, Conn., where they found a part 
of the French Army, & then proceeded to White 
Plains, N. T., where Gen. Washington was encamped, 
& in about 6 or 8 weeks, the allied army marched 
for Torktown, Va. A part of his time was render- 
ing duty as a common soldier by standing guard 
with the other teamsters, to the teams and baggage 
of the army. During the siege of Yorktown he was 
employed in drawing cannon and ammunition from 
the place of landing to the French fortifications. 
He conveyed the first and last gun that was placed 
in the French batteries, &: while drawing the first 
cannon up a hill, a ball from a British gun struck 
and separated the chain which joined 8 yoke of cat- 
tle to two other yoke behind them, causing the car- 
riage & gun to run to the bottom of the hill. This 
was in ^the evening & in order to guard against 
danger, it had been arranged by the teamsters on this 
duty, that one of their number should watch for & 
call out when he saw the match light, so that the 
other men could throw themselves upon the ground 
to remain imtil after the discharge of the cannon. 
He was present during the operations of the allied 
army, and until tlie surrender of Lord Cornwallis 
(Oct. 19, 1781. 

" His services were paid by the contracting 
agents of the French Army. The conductor was a 
Frenchman named Shevot (so written). After the 
war he resided 4 years in Pittsfield, Mass., then re- 
moved to Benson, Vt., where living 14 years, from 
thence to Jay, in Essex Co., N. T., remaining 14 or 
15 years, and then west to the adjoining town of 
Keene, where since residing. His house was burnt 
in Benson, Vt., about 30 years ago (abt. 1802j." 

This Stiles is said to have had a son Eleazer, 
and a daughter Maria, and the family removed to 
the West. 



TH£ CONN£CTICUT FAMILY, 233 

281. Vn. JosiAH,« bom July 9, 1764; married, (1), Nov., 1787, 

Mrs. Huldah Goodrich. {Pitisfield Records, Bk. 7, 
p. 52); married, (2), Nastaussel Roberge. Family 38. 

282. VIIL Experience,^ bom Feb. 24, 1767; married, (1), Rath- 

burn, by whom she had 

283. I. MiLLONA,^ bom Feb. 1, 1794; married Isaac Schofield, 

(of English descent), Nov. 4, 1811. She died May 1, 
1821; he died July 24, 1822. Children: 

i. Cabolink,^ born Oct. 4, 1812; died Oct. 25, 1820. 

ii. Adalink,^ bom April 1, 1816; married Bartholo- 
mew Teller Schebmsbhobn, Dec. 12, 1834, who 
died in Schenectady, N. Y., June 24, 1881. She 
resides (1887), 96 Lafayette street, Schenectady, 
N. Y. ChUdrm: (a.) John, bom April 26, 1836. 
(6.) James, bom Feb. 1, 1849; married Kate 
Scraflford, June 21, 1875. (c.) Henby H., bom 
April 5, 1859; unmarried. . 

Mrs. Experience Rathbum married (2), Col. 
Silas Chapin, Sept. 11, 1817; married (3), Nathan 
Burdick. She died at Schenectady, N. T., Oct. 21, 
1860. 

284. IX. Mary,« bom June 26, 1769;* died Nov. 30, 1769. 

285. X. Justus,* bom Sept. 27, 1771.t Settled in Vermont. 

Died Jan. 1, 1853. 

286. XI. Elijah,* bom June 17, 17T5; died July 24, 1775.^: 

FAMILY 21. 

287. Simeon' Stiles, [163], {Ephraim* Ephraim^ John^ 
John,') bom at Westfield, Mass., May 12, 1726; settled at Westfield, 

• Given among " Sonfl and daughters bom to Zebedlata and Mercy Stiles," In PitUjUld Rfc, 
Bk. 7. p. 118; p. 117. 

t Justus according to Pres. Stiles* M8S.— Is not found on Plttsfleld Rec., but Josh. roUn Is 

found among "children of Zebedlah Stiles," PitUJUld Rec, Bk. 7, p. 8, date Dec. 177o 

Record is also there given (Bk. 7, p. 29, of a child (no sex or name stated) of Justin Stiles, 
died Oct. M. 1791. 

t Itnd, Bk. 7. p. 23. 



234 ^^^ ST/L£S 6EM£AL0GY. 

Mass.; married Experience Root, March 11, 1752.* He was proba- 
bly the Simeon Stiles who, with several other citizens of Westfield, 
refused, on a requisition for men, made May 13, 1778, to leave 
their homes, but preferred to pay their fines. {Hist. Western Mass,, 
i. 219.) He was a farmer, and died at Westfield, Mass., Mai'ch 10, 
1808, 8B. 82. Mrs. Experience (Root) Stiles died at Westfield, March 
2, 1797, 88. 73. 

Children {all born at Westfield, Mass,): 

288. I. MERCY,«t bom Dec. 22, 1752; died Jan. 17, 1753. 

289. II. Margaret,* bom Feb. 11, 1754; married John Root,t 

of Great Barrington, Mass., March 23, 1777. She 
died Nov. 17, 1782. Children all died young. 

290. m. Experience,* born Nov. 17, 1755; died August, 1841. 

291. IV. Simeon,* bom Dec. 23, 1757; married Ruth Austin. 

Family 39. 

292. V. John,* bom Feb. 2, 1760; married, (1), Charity Smith; 

married (2), Aima Day. Family 40. 

293. VL Ephraim,* born Nov. 30, 1761; married Esther Mosely. 

Family 41. 

294. Vn. Enoch,* born Sept. 19, 1763; married Molly Noble, of 

Russell, Mass., March 10, 1794;** removed to West- 
field, Ohio. 



* " Simeon Stiles and Experience Boot had their names entered of their Intention of mar- 
riage and publication thereof set up as the law directs, Feb. 15, 1762. Simeon Stiles and Ez- 
perlepce Root were married by the Rev. W. Balllntlne, March 11. 1762."— < WtstJUld, Matt. B«c- 
erdt.) 

t M^rj.—iWettJleld Rec.) 

t Root Genealogy, p. 354. 

** There was an Enoch Stiles, Selectman of Russell, Hampden Co., Mass.. In 1812— probably 
this Enoch^and at Russell Pond, the grave of Enoch (probably his son) dated imi.—HUt. Con- 
necticut VdUey, p. 1098. 



TH£ COMMiCTICUT FAMILY, 235 

FAMILY 22. 

295. Aaron' Stiles, [179], {Ephraim,* Ephraim,^ John^ 
John,^) bom June 4, 1741; settled in Pittsfield, Mass., 1758; married 
(1), Margaret Miller, of Pittsfield, Mass.; married probably (2), 
Abigail Beard.* Had seven inmates of his family, Nov. 16, 1772; 
was in the Revolutionary service; enlisted August 4, 1775, under 
Capt. Eli Eoot, Col. Easton's regiment; marched to New York; was 
dismissed Dec. 30, 1775; was under Lieut. James Hubbard; Aug. 
17, 1777, went to Bennington; dismissed Aug. 24, {Hist Piiisjield, 
Mass,, p. 493); also enlisted May 4, 1777, under Capt. Jno. Strong, 
who marched to Kinderhook, N. Y., after inimical persons; dismissed 
May ll.t 

The wife of Mr. Aaron Stiles was admitted to the Pittsfield 
Church June 30, 1799. 

He was probably the Aaron Stiles who, according to the same 
history (p 159), was dependent, on account of some bodily infirmity, 
upon the public support, and was employed for many years as 
" sexton," both as grave-digger and in charge of the meeting-house. 
In the latter capacity he seems to have had a world of ti'ouble in 
keeping things in decent order. 

Mr. Aaron Stiles died at Pittsfield, Sept. 7, 1807, se. 67. 

Children {all bom in Pittsfield^ Mass,): 
296. I. James,* bom Dec. 14, 1762 ) ( Dec. 12 1 



!) (Dec. 12) 

V both died ^ V1776 

;) (Dec. 13) 



297. II. Aaron,« bom Sept. 7, 1765 ) 

**of a violent nervous fever — both buried in the 
same grave," Dec. 14, 1776.— Pittsfield Rec., Bk. 7, 
p. 24, and First Church Records. 

298. III. Elizabeth,' bom April 10, 1768. 

299. IV. Margaret,' bom Jan. 15, 1771. 

* I am inolinod to think he la the same Aaron, whose " Intention of marriage" of Dec. 4, 
1786, with Abigail Beard (both of Pittsfield) was consummated by marriage June 33. 1786, ac- 
cording to Cong. Church Records, p. 276, and the Pittsfield Records, Bk. Til., pp. 5Q, 128, which also 
glTos, p. 276, death of Mrs. Abigail Stiles. May 1, 1833. 

t PitUJUld Records, Bk. 7, p. 138. 



236 THE ST/L£S GfMtALOGT. 

300. V. Rachel,* bom Feb. 17, 1774. 

301. VI. Mary,« bom March 7, 1777. Probably the "PoUy" 

Stiles whose mtention of marriage to James Ware, 
" both of Pittsfield," was pubUshed Oct. 25, 1800. 

By second wife: 

302. VIL RuTH,« bom July 23, 1787. 

FAMILY 23. 

303. Eli' Stiles, [181], {Ephraim,' Ephraim^ John,^ John,') 

born May 22, 1746; married Sarah , in Pittsfield, Mass. He 

lived in Hollis, N. H., during the Revolutionary period, was in the 
Continental Army for one year, (1776), and for eight months in 1777; 
also, enlisted in 1780, " for the war."* It is claimed that he bore 
the commission of Colonel. He removed to Northfield, Vt., in 
1806.t 

Children : 

304. I. Sarah,' bom at Pittsfield, Mass., Oct. 6, 1768; married 

Lewis; removed to Wethersfield, Vt; died 

1806. 

* N. H. Tovon Papers, Vol. 12, p. 227— State of Massachusetts Bay — In the Hows of Repre- 
sentatives, Jan. ye 31, 1778. On the Petition of Uriah Wright, In Behalf of the Selectmen of the 
town of HolUs In the State of New Hamper, setting forth that one EU SUkt of said HoUls did 
Inllst Him Self Into the Service for the town of Littleton In this State and was mustered by 
James Barrett Esqr. and Received the Gontenantal and this States Bounty and whereas said 
£11 Stiles Is also Inlisted In said Hollis k Reckoned for a Soldier for said town and also Beo- 
oned for a Soldier In said town of Little wood. 

Resolved, that it appears to this Court that the said Ell Stiles ought to be Considered as a 
Soldier for the town of Hollis he belonging to said town and Not to be Reckoned for the town of 
Littleton and that ui>on the said Uriah Wright's paying back to James Barrett Esqr. both the 
Contenantal and this State's Bounty the said Ell Stiles be Discharged from being a Soldier for 
8ald Littleton, the said James Barrett Esqr. to be accountable to this Court for the Bounties 
afore Said. 

Sent up for Concurrence J. WARREN Speaker 

In Counsell January ye 31. 1778. 

Read and Concurred— JOHN AVERY Dy Secretary 

Consented to by the mar Part of the Counsell 

A true Copy Attest JOHN AVERY Dy Secretary 

t Record of this family and descendants supplied from data furnished by the Hist, of 
Hollis, JV. H ; Pittsfield, Mass.; Windsor, Conn., and letters of Mrs. Cornelia DufEany, of Clare- 
mont, N. H. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 237 

305. IL Avery Winthrop,* bom in Pittsfield, Mass., Aug. 27, 

1770; went to Canada. 

306. III. William,* born in Pittsfield, Mass., Oct. 12, 1778. 

307. IV. Rachel,' bom in Pittsfield, Mass., Feb. 17, 1774; died 

young. 

308. V. Rachel,' bom in HoUis, N. H., April 11, 1775; mar- 

ried John Porter; removed to Danville, Vt.; thence 
to , N. T., with husband and nine children. 

309. VI. David,' bom in HoUis, N. H., Oct. 27, (or 17), 1777; 

married Mary Townes. Family 41 J. 

FAMILY 24. 

310. Capt Asahel* Stiles, [187], {lai-ad^ John,' John^ 
John,^ John,^) bom at East Windsor, Conn., May 2, 1753; resided on 
the homestead farm, near the present village of Broad Brook, East 
Windsor, Conn. 

At the .commencement of hostilities between the Colonies and 
Great Britain, in 1775, Mr. Stiles was a drummer in the militia com- 
pany of his native town, commanded by Capt. Lemuel Stoughton. It 
is related of him, that when the " Lexington Alarm," as it is called, 
reached East Windsor, in April, 1775, young Stiles, then twenty-two 
years of age, was chopping wood in a grove of trees which (until 
within a few years past) stood near the house, when a mounted mes- 
scEger galloped up to the fence by the roadside and shouted to him 
the order from his Captain (Lemuel Stoughton) to repair immediately 
to the rendezvous half a mile north of Scantic meeting-house. Strik- 
ing his axe into the log which he was hewing, Stiles jumped the 
fence, jrepaired to the house, and slinging his drum over his shoul- 
der, lost no time on the road to Scantic, and the next day, Saturday, 
the company departed, en route for Eoxbury, near Boston. At 
Shrewsbury, they were met by CoL Terry, of Enfield, who had been 
to Roxbury, and who brought to them advices to so arrange that those 
who continued the journey (the immediate urgency being past) should 



238 THE STILES GEMEALOGY, 

be able to stay two or three weeks. Volunteers were called for and 
eleven responded, among whom was Asahel Stiles. They remained 
in camp at Roxbury about three weeks, bearinu; their own expenses, 
and living, for the most part, on what their wives and mothers had 
put into their knapsacks before leaving home. They were then 
dismissed and returned home; but he was wont to say, with a smile, 
that he "never found that axe again. " In the latter part of May, or 
the beginning of June, 1776, he enlisted for seven months as a drum- 
mer in a company of which Simon Wolcott, of Windsor, was Cap- 
tain, John Chester, of Ellington, First Lieutenant, Hezekiah Wells, of 
East Windsor, Second Lieutenant, and Aaron Easton, of StaflFord, 
Ensign.* This company formed a portion of the regiment, officered 
by Col. Fisher Gay, of Farmington; Seth Hart, of the same town, 
Lieut. Colonel, and Edward Mott, of New London County, Major.t 
Tliey marched to New Haven, where they embarked for New York, 
lauding there some time in June. Mr. Stiles was present at the 
official promulgation, in that city, of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. Shortly after, J with a part of the regiment, he was transferred 
to Long Island, at Brooklyn, where tliey were under command of 
Lord Stirling. His Colonel (Gay) died about this time, in New 
York. Mr. Stiles was invaUded for a short time, while at Brooklyn; 
from whence his regiment returned to New York, and, imder com- 
mand of Major Mott, (Col. Hart having been captured), were sent to 
Hailem Heights; thence to Mile Square, beyond Kingsbridge; thence 
to Phillipsburgh; thence to North Castle, in New York State, where, 
its term of service having expired, the regiment was mustered out, 
on the 25th of December, 1776. 

* Hi8 fellow aoldler, Heseklah Munsell, of East Windsor, to whose remarkable exact and 
Interentlug reinlnlsences of bis Revolutionary scenes (as glren In Stiles' HUtoty of Ancient 
Windsor, Conn. 713,) we are Indebted for much of our knowledge of these matters, says of this 
enlistment, 'It was now more difficult to obtain soldiers for the campaign than at any pre- 
Tloustlme; for the war continued longer than was at first anticipated. The novelty of the 
campaign and field of action had gone by. Men who enlisted now expected hard fighting." 

t Gay's regiment was one of seven regiments of what was known as "new levies/' sent by 
Connecticut to New York in 1776, in response to a call for troops Issued by the Continental 
Congress. They were formed into a brigade, under Brigadier Oeneral James Wadsworth, In 
Major General Joseph Spence's Division. — The Campaign qf 1776, around New York and Brooklyn^ 
1778, by Henry P. Johnston; and Stiles' Hittory of Windsor, Conn. p. 715. 

t Johnston, InCdmpaign of 1776, says Gay's Conn, levies " had been on Long Island since the 
Ist of August." Gay's regiment was engaged in the Battle of Brooklyn, Aug. 28, 1776; Johnston 
says they were stationed " between Fort Box and the Marsh;" and, in the retreat through 
New York Island, they were, under Gen. Wadsworth, posted (Sept. 15), near the present 23d 
Street. 



T«E COMMECTICUT FAMILY. 239 

The above statement of his military service is derived from 
family traditiop, and from the " declaration " made by him, in order 
to obtain the benefit of the Pension Act, passed by Congress, June 
7, 1832, and supported by the statement of Hezekiah Munsell, of 
East Windsor, Conn., who had served with him in the same com- 
pany. Mr. Stiles' pension papers, dated Aug. 20, 1833, for the 
amount of $28 annually, from March 4, 1831, and signed by Lewis 
Cass, as Secretary of War, and J. L. Edwards, Commissioner of 
Pensions, are still in the possession of his grandson, the author of 
this Genealogy. He is therein described as "Private and Musician." 

After the war, Mr. Stiles became an officer in the militia com- 
pany of which he had once been a *• private and musician." His 
first commission is from OUver Bang, Lieut. Colonel of the 19th 
Regiment, Conn. State Militia, dated Sept. 7, 1791, and appointing 
him Sergeant of the 4th Co. in said regiment. His next commis- 
sion is from Gov. Samuel Huntington, under the broad seal of 
the State, dated May 16, 1794, and constitutes him Captain of the 
Second Company of the 19th Regiment of Conn. State Militia. 

Capt Stiles became a member of the First Congregational 
Church, in East Windsor, Conn., on profession, in the year 1821. 
He represented the Town of East Windsor in the General Assem- 
bly of Connecticut, in the October session of the year 1811 and the 
May session of 1812. 

His sincerity of purpose, rigid adherence to Christian principle 
and duty, together with certain pei-sonal characteristics, won for him 
among his neighbors, the expressive but respectful appellation of 
"Captain Straight." 

Captain Asahel Stiles married Tryphena (daughter of Joseph * 
and Jane Allen (Wolcott) Chapin, who was bom May 29, 1756. He 
died at East Windsor, Conn., Nov. 29, 1833, ee. 80. Mrs. Tryphena 
(Chapin) Stiles died at East Windsor, April 21, 1831, sb. 74. 

Children {all born at East Windsor , Conn.): 

311. L Asahel,' bom Feb. 12, 1783; died April 20, 1785. 



* A noted gunsmith and mectaanlo, first of Longmeadow, Mass. ; then of Ketch Mills, 
(East Windsor), Oonn. ; then of Vermont, where he died. 



240 Tf^^ STILES GiMEALOGY. 

312. n. Tryphena; born June 8, 1785; married, , 1813, 

Bethuel Kinsley, shoemaker; resided in East Wind- 
sor. He was born in Rhode Island, April 16, 1783, 
and died at East Wmdsor, Dec. 17, 1846. By his 
first wife, Chloe (daughter of Nathaniel and Anna 
Jones) Allen, of East Windsor, he had a son, Henry 
Allen, bom at East Windsor, and died July 27, 
1811, 8B. 8 months. By second wife, Tryphena 
Stiles: Issue: 



313. i. Chablotte Maria,'' bom Oct. 30, 1813; res. (1885) un- 

married, in Broad Brook, Conn. 

314. ii Hbnbt 8tili»,8 bom Aug. 3, 1815; died Jan. 19. 1860; 

married Lucretia Abbe, (bom July 21, 1820), June, 
1841. Issue: 

i. RosAiiiA Mabia,^ married ; res. West. 

ii. Ellen Cornelia, ^ bom March 14, 1846; married 
; res. West. 

315. iii. Sarah Howard," bom Sept. 4, 1817. 

316. iv. Harriet Tryphena, « bom November 13, 1819; married 

Wm. H. Brown; res. Osage, Mitchell Co., Iowa. 

317. V. Caroline Eliza,* bom Oct. 11, 1821; res. (1885) Broad 

Brook, Conn. ; unmarried. 

318. vi. Jane Mellona,' bom April 20, 1823; died September 

12, 1827. 

319. vii. Fanny Melissa,^ bom April 30, 1825. 

320. viii. Emeline Matilda, 8 bom March 30, 1827; died, unmar- 

ried, Sept. 24, 1847. 

321. ix. Helen Minerva,^ bom Feb. 18, 1832; died June 11, 1858. 

Mrs. Tryphena (Stiles) Kinsley died Dec. 23, 
1862. 



THE CONNECTICUT FhMILY. 241 

322. m. Jane; bom Aug. 16, 1788; joined the Ist Cong. Ch. 

in East Windsor, Conn., 1809; married Joshua 
(second son of Josiah and Ann Knowlton) Eaton, 
(bom at Ashford, Conn., May 23, 1787) Nov. 26, 
1816; Fanner at Stockbridge, N. T. Died March, 
1845. IssvAi^ {born at StockbAdge^ N. Y.): 

323. i. CoBNBUA Jane, 8 born at East Windsor, Conn. Oct. 23, 

1817.* 

324. ii. WiLUAM 8Tiiii»,» born February 12. 1820; died Jane 13, 

1845, at Bennett Springs, Barnwell District, S. C; 
unmarried. 

325. iii. AsAHEL KNowLTOK.Bf M. D.. born May 2, 1822. 

* GoBNBLiA Janes Eaton, married Dec, 1839, 0. A. Adkins, of Syracuse, N. Y.; 
died Dec. 18, 1844. Issue : 

1. Mabt Elvinb,* bom Deo. 25, ; died ae. 22. 

2. Charlotte, » bom Oct. 6, 1844; married Feb. 10, 1868, Edwin D. 

Edwards, of Syracuse, N. Y. (126 Warren Street). Children : 

(a.) Maud.io bom Oct. 5, 1869; died Nov. 30, 1880. 

(b.) Bobebt BUBTON.io bom May 38, 1871 ; died Nov. 10, 1880. 

(c.) Mabion COBMELlA.io bom Nov. 6, 1876; died Nov. 16, 1880. 

(d.) EDWIN 8., 10 bom April 36, 1883. 

(e.) Mabion, 10 bora June 16, 1884. 

3. Theodobe.* 

•f" AsAHEii Knowlton » Eaton, A. M., M. D., grad. Hamilton College, N. Y. ; was 
for some years Principal of the Academies at Little Falls and Fredonia, N. Y. after- 
wards Prol Chemistry at Eclectic Medical College, Rochester, N. Y ; settled in New 
York city, as an analytical chemist ; discovered and patented a process for making 
steel directly from the iron ore, and also a quick process of tanning leather. His 
attention was then directed to the gold mines in North Carolina, and he invented 
and patented several improved processes of amalgamation and separation ; shortly 
after, in connection with Charles C. Spencer, of Canastota, N. Y., entered into the 
manufacture of optical instruments, microscopes, telescopes, etc., at that place ; 
and constructed for the Litchfield Observatory, Hamilton College, its large teles- 
cope, then one of the largest ever manufactured in this country. In 1856 was en- 
gaged in N. Y. city, in the refining of kerosene from the coals of Western Pennsylvania 
and Eastern Ohio— this being before the discovery of petroleum. During the early 
part of the Civil War, he was largely engaged in the preparation (by processes of his own 



242 THE STILES GeMEALOOY. 

326. iv. Andbkw^ 

1824. 

327. y, Ann- 



> twins \ born Sept. t8. 



invention) of the peculiar green and other colored inks required by the Bank Note 
Companies in the printing of the Government * 'greenbacks.*' In 1864, he went to 
NTontana Territory, and was engaged in gold and silver mining, perfecting several 
new processes and machinery for that work. Returning, in 1877 to Brooklyn, he 
invented a new kind of prism, using bi-sulphide of carbon, and also, a direct-vision 
spectroscope. When the telephone was brought into public notice, he made *and 
patented several valuable improvements, and organized a telephone manufacturing 
company, which, however, was ultimately forced to succumb to the superior finan- 
cial strength of the Bell Telephone Co. He has been actively engaged in forwarding 
the interests of a new form of storage-batteries for electricity, invented by himself. 
He published, several years ago, a small elementary text-book on Agricultural Chem- 
istry. Prof. Eaton is thoroughly versed in his chosen science of chemistry, as well 
as in geology, mineralogy, metallurgy and optics ; few men have read more exten- 
sively, or have enjoyed so wide a range of practical observation and experience ; and, 
as an expert in matters of medical jurisprudence, he has also done the State some 
service. He married (1), Sept. 26. 1855, Marion McNeil, of Farmer, Seneca, N. Y., 
who died Feb. 4, 1865, in Brooklyn. N. Y. Married (2). Widow Maria Chichester, 
June 3, 1882. Issue^ (by first marriage): 

1. M^BioN Malcolm,* bom at Brooklyn, N. Y., April 14, 1858. 

2. Alice Maud,* bom at Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 25, 1860. 

3. Hugh McDouoal,* bom at Brooklyn, June 23, 1865. Manager of 

Art Department of American Magazine, New York City. 

• Andskw* Eaton married Dec. 5, 185(», Sara Francis (daughter of David and 
Polly Stafford) Wood, of Stockbridge, N. Y.; removed to Oneida, N. Y., April. 
1854; to Woodstock, Canada West. November, 1861; to Wells, Minn., December, 
1873, where (1888) he is a dealer in wheat. Issue: 

1. Fbankie,* born at Stockbridge, N. Y., March 14, 1852. 

2. Samubl EMOBY,»bomat Stockbridge, Jan. 27, 1854; married, Feb. 

2, 1876, Ella Baird, at Gloversville, N. Y. 

3. Charles Ani>bew,» bom at Oneida, N. Y., Dec. 15, 1858; married, 

Dec. 24, 1887. Res. (1888) Park River, Walsh Co., Dakota. 

4. Gbakt,» bom Feb. 8, 1864; died May 1, 1867, at Woodstock, C. W. 
6. Clam Stiles," bom at Woodstock, C. W.. Jan. 24, 1870. 

6. Rose Wood,» bom Feb. 8, 1872, at Woodstock, C. W. 

t Ann** Eaton, married, at Stockbridge, N. Y.. May 6, 1851, William H. Black- 
mer, draggist, of Clinton, N. Y. Res. (1885), Marysville, Marshall County, Kansas , 
(1888) Cozad, Nebrauka. Issue: 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY. 243 

328. yi. Gaboune," bora August 13, 1827.* 



1. • KDtiTABD Eaton, 9 ) ( Farmer. 

V \ bora at Elmira, N. Y., Feb. 6, 1855. \ 

2. Ellebt Hatdbn,» I ( Faraier. 



3. Gbables Knowlton,^ bora nt Stockbridge, N. Y., Dec. 27, 1858; died 

at MarysTille, Kansas, June 27, 1881. 

4. CoBA,* bora at Northfield, Mian., May 1, 1861; died at Winnebago, 

Minn., April 1, 1862. 

5. CoBNEiiiA Ellswobth,* boru at Winnebago, Minn., Nov. 30, 1869. 

School teacher. 

* Oabolimb<* Eaton, married, June 20, 1848, Daniel H. Frost. Bes. (1885). 
Belle Plains, Benton Co., Iowa; (1888) Neligh, Neb. htme: 

1. William Eaton,» bom Oct 17, died Nov. 11, 1849, at Monnsville, 

N. Y. 

2. Hbnbt Asahbl,* bora Oct 16, 1850, at Stockbridge, N. Y. ; printer 

and editor. 

3. Elizabeth Mabion,» bora Oneida, N. Y., Dec. 21, 1852; teacher 

(1888) Belle Plains, Iowa. 

4. Caroline £aton,<» bora Feb. 3, 1855; at Stockbridge, N. Y., farmer 

(1888) Neligh, Neb. 

5. Jane Stiles,* bora Elmira, N. Y., Sept 1, 1856; teacher (1888) 

Neligh, Neb. 

6. GoBNELiA,* bora Northfield, Minn., April 20, 1858 ; teacher (1888) 

NeUgh, Neb. 

7. Theodobe,* born Vinton, Iowa, July 19, 1866, died at Vinton, Aug. 

23, 1866. 

8. Olive Thbodoba,* bora Vinton, Nov. 16, 1867; resides (1888) Neligh, 

Neb. 

9. Abthub Knowlton,* born Vinton, May 24, 1869; farmer, Neligh, Neb. 

10. Ethel Emeline,* bora Belle Plains, Iowa, July 16, 1871 ; resides 

(1888) Neligh, Neb. 



244 THi STILES OENEALOOY. 

329. vii. Capt Samuel Chafin.' M. D., bom Nov. 19, 1830.* 

330. viii. Emrlinb Monbob,* bom Angnst 20, 1833. f 

Mrs. Jane (Stiles) Eaton died at Moncey, N. 
Y., April 8, 1864. 

• Samubl Chapw,' Eatow, M. D., Grad. at Med. Dept Udit., City of N. Y., 
1855; associated with his Brother Asahel K., as Chemist and MetaUargist in N. Y. city 
for about five years, with occasional trips to the Virginia and North Carolina gold 
fields: was engaged in working there in 1860 and '61, in early part of which he en- 
listed as private in Ist N. Y. Vol. Beg*t, Engineers, (Capt. Serrel's): was appointed 
Lieutenant; promoted to Captain; served on the Georgia and Sonth Carolina coastn, 
through the sieges of Forts Pulaski and Sumter; finished his military service in Vir- 
ginia; was mustered out in January, 1865, with brevet rank of Major; spent the 
Spring of '65 in Montana as assayer for mining company; returned across the 
plains by stage in winter of '65-'6; taught practical chemistry for three years in the 
Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute; then engaged in smelting in Nevada, and antimony 
mining and smelting in New Brunswick, Canada. In 1873, settled in the U. 8. 
Assay office N. Y. where he has since been fully engaged, with occassional trips 
to the mining regions of Colorado, Nova Scotia, Tennessee and old Mexico. He 
Married Feb. 1, 1864, Lavinia Myers (daughter of Daniel 8. and Elizabeth Nichols) 
Purdy, of New York City, who was bom Oct 6, 1839. Bes. (1888) Nyack, N. Y. 

1. WiLMAM Alfred,* bom at Sing Sing, N. Y., Dec. 9, 1864. 

2. Emma Mabion,* born at Piermont, N. Y., Jan. 4, 1867. 

3. Samuel Edwabd,* bom at Piermont, N. Y., July 23, 1868. 

4. Allen Knowlton,» born at Brooklyn, N. Y., Nov. 23, 1869. 

5. Elizabeth Pubdy,' bom Aug. 21, 1873, at Piermont, N. Y. 

6. Julian Stiles.* born March 4, 1876, at Piermont, N. Y. 

7. Mabt Lavinia,* born Feb. 9, 1879, at Piermont, N. Y. 

t Embline Monboe^ Eaton, married April 29, 1863, Stansbury Allen Jessup, 
of Piermont, N Y., bom at Pompton, Wayne Co., Penn., Aug. 31, 1833. Was for 
many years engaged on the Northern R. R., of New Jersey, in every capacity, from 
brakeman, to station-master, postmaster and express agent (at Piermont, N. Y.), 
and finally as conductor; then had a term of mining in the West, and for many 
years has been in the Assay Office of the U. S. Mint, in Wall 8t., New York. Is a 
deacon in the Congregational Church at Piermont. Issue (bom at Piermont, N. Y.) 
1. Samuel Stansbubt,* born Dec. 31, 1864. 



THE COMWECTiCUT FAMiLY, 245 

331. IV. Patty/ bom Sept. 25, 1791; married Boswell Ely, Nov. 

25, 1812. Issue: 

332. i. AiiBBBT Stiles, 8 born Oct 14, 1813; a farmer at Stock- 

bridge, N. Y. ; married Lncinda Abbe, Oct 3, 1838. 
ChUden: 

I. LOBEN STLYSSTEB," bom Jan. 23, 1841, died Aug. 28, 18S0. 

\U Emelime Cobubn,^ bom August 17, 1844. 

Iv. ANDBEW Delanct," bom September 11, 1848. 

▼. Mabt Adeline « bom September 17, 1853. 

:«3. ii. MABTHA,8bomFeb. 19, 1816. 

334. V. (Hon.) Asahel Chapin,' bom Dec., 1793; married Jan. 
31, 1832, Eliza Belknap, who died very suddenly of 
paralysis, July 15 (14 on her monument), 1858, 8b. 
52. No issue. Hon. Asahel Stiles was a farmer on 
the old homestead, near Broad Brook, Conn.; his 
early education was acquired at the district school 
house near his father's residence, and by a term (in 
1811) at the then celebrated Monson (Mass.) Academy^ 
He taught school for awhile, the certificate of the 
School Visitor, dated at Enfield, Oct. 20, 1816, "ap- 
probating" him to teach in School Dist No. 5 for the 
ensuing winter, was accompanied by a certificate 
of character from his pastor, the Rev. Shubael Bart- 
lett. 

In youth, he also served in the State Militia, un- 
der commission from Peter B. Gleason, Esq., Colonel 
of First Eegiment Cavalry, in the State of Connecti- 
cut, dated May 25, 1818, appointing him Corporal 
of the Second Troop; 'from Gov. Oliver Wolcott, 
dated May 30, 1825, appointing him Second Lieu- 



2. Jo»HUA Eaton,9 bom Oct. 18, 1867. 

3. Habbibt Fosteb,^ bom April 5, 1869. 

4. CoBNELiA 8tile8,» bom Oct 29, 1871; died April 26, 1879. 



246 ^^^ STiLiS OEMEALOOr. 

tenant in the Second Troop, from April 22, preced- 
ing, and from Gbv. Gideon Tomlinson, dated May 20, 
1827; constituting him First Lieutenant of the same 
Troop, from April 25th preceding. 

He was an early and strong advocate of temper- 
ance reform ; was a Representative from East Wind- 
sor to the State Legislature in 1842 and 1845 ; was 
of a very kindly nature, and reserved and quiet in 
manner ; a great reader of good literature, and a keen 
observer of public events. He was a Federalist, 
Whig and Republican, successively, in poUtics; joined 
the First Congregational Church of East Windsor, 
on profession of faith, in 1818; and by his sterl- 
ing honesty, clear judgment and sincere Christian 
life commanded the respect and affection of all who 
came in contact with him. He dieil at Broad Brook, 
Conn., Sept. 24, 1866, ae. nearly 73 years. The 
inventory of his estate, real and personal, amounted 
to $6,966.47; dated Nov., 1866. 

335. VI. Samuel,' born July 15, 1796; married Charlotte Sophia 

Reed. Fabhly 42. 

336. VIT. Ezra,' bom July 19, 1799; married Anna Spear. Fam- 

ily 43. 

FAMILY 25. 

337. John' Stiles, [188], {Israel,^ John,' John^ John^ 
Johriy^) bom at East Windsor, Conn., Sept. 15, 1755; married (1), 
Hannah Chamberlain, of East Windsor, Conn., and removed to 
Temple, N. H., then to Brandon, Vt. The first deed recorded to 
him in Brandon, locates him at Andover, Windsor Co., Vt., dated 
June, 1786; recorded March, 1787. He was a soldier in the Revo- 
lution. Mrs. Hannah (Chamberlain) Stiles died in 1803, and he 

married 2, . He died at Brandon, Vermont, July 27, 1812; 

his second wife surviving him some ten or twelve years. Inventory, 
taken April 12, 1813, real estate $1,400; personal $837.61. 



THE COMMiCTICUT FAMILY. 247 

Children {all bom at Brandon, Vf.): 

338. I. Anna/ \x)m June 28, 1787; married Warner. 

Went West. 

339. n. Abigail,'' born Aug. 11, 1788; married Deacon Zebina 

Thomas* of Sudbury, Vi, 1821, and died in the 
following March. Deacon Thomas was an excel- 
lent man, connected with the Baptist Church, 
and a good farmer. Resided at Brandon, Vt. 

340. III. Dr. Samuel,' bom at Sudbury, Vi, Feb. 2, 1791; mar- 

ried Louisa Lamb. Family 44. 

341. ly. HosBA,' bom ; married Nelson. Fam- 

ily 45. 

342. V. Hannah,' bom — ; died 1828, in Brandon, Vt., un- 

married. 

343. VL Mabtha,' bom — ; married Ira Sandford, of Can- 

ton, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y. 

344. Vn. CYteNE,' bom ; married Shubael Dimmick, of 

Sudbury, Vi; went to Wisconsin. Had nine chil- 
dren. 

346. VIII. SoPHRONU,' bom ; married Joshua Narramore; 

removed to and died in New York State. 

346. IX. Salome,^ ; died unmarried. 

FAMILY 26. 

347. Benoni'' Stiles, [202], Israel^ John,' John,"" John;^ 
Johny^) bom at East Windsor, Conn., July 15, 1763 ; resided in 
East Windsor, as a farmer. He served in the Revolutionary War; 
joined the First Congregational Church, in East Windsor, Conn., be- 
fore 1804. He married Hannah Harper, a sister of his brother 
Samuel's wife. He died Jan. 1, 1820. Mrs. Hannah (Harper) 
Stiles died at East Windsor, Conn., Aug. 16, 1853, se. 88. 



248 TH£ STILES e£N£fiLOGf. 

Children {all horn ai East Windsor, Conn.): 

348. I. BENONi,'bom Oct. 5, 1789; married Esther Mortoii. 

Family 46. 

349. II. Hannah,' born Dec. 24, 1792; married Harvey Barbe, 

of East WindsOT, Conn. Isme : 

350. i Gborob H.» 

351. ii. Jambs S.<* 
362. iii. Edwabd.9 

353. ni. Israel,' bom Oct. 17, 1796. 

354. IV. Israel,' bom April 27, 1798; married Eunice M. Avery. 

FamHiY 47. 

355. V. James,' bora March 26, 1802. 

356. VI. James Hjoiper,' bom Sept. 12, 1804; married Marilla 

M. Stmner. Family 48. 

; married Hiram Skinner, of Wap- 



K>fJ 1 . T XJ 


ping, 


East Windsor. 


ixyKX XJ.1. 

Issue: 


358. 


i. 


HnuM Bevhx).* 




359. 


ii. 


Hanhah Matilda.* 




360. 


iii. 






361. 


iv. 


8abah.« 




362. 


y. 


Matiij>a." 




363. 


vi. 


OUVBB.* 




364. 


Yii. 


Heitbt Clay.' 





365. Vm. Sabah; bom Feb. 26, 1809. 



THE COMMiCTICUT FAMILY, 249 

FAMILY 27. 

367. Ezra* Stiles, Esq., [206], {Reo. Ezra,'' Rev, Isaac,' 
John^ John,^ John^) bom March 11, 1759; was carefully educated 
under the eye of his father, the President. He graduated at Har- 
vard College 1778, and studied law. His educational progi*ess is 
thus noted in his father's diary : 

Dec. 10, 1774. — " Last Sepf- I have entered my son Ezra into Yale 
College, for which he was well fitted, especially in Latin & 
Greek, I have also initiated him into some acquaintance with 
the Oriental Languages. He has translated a hundred psalms 
in the Hebretv Psalter, and learned some Chaldee, Syriac ct: 
Arabic. He is now 8b. 15f." 

Dec. 10, 1777. — " Upon the breaking up of Yale College last Spring 
thro' the Tumults Calamities & Dangers of the present War, 
I took home my son Ezra & instructed him the summer past 
in Mathematics & Natural Philosophy. In August last I en- 
tered him Senior Sophister in Harvard College." 

Dec. 10, 1778. — " I have carried my oldest son thro' a liberal Educa- 
tion which he begun at Yale and finished at Harvard College, 
where he graduated Batchelor of Arts, in July last, and was 
admitted to an ad eundem here in September, when I con- 
ferred degrees upon above Eighty candidates." 

Dec. 10, 1780. — "My Son Ezra has finished his Law Education, qual- 
ified himself for the Bar, & is settled for the present in the 
State of Vermont. Altho' he removed thither but last May, 
he is in full business." 

He was at Westminister* and afterwards at Keene, N. H., in the 
practice pf law, and seems to have been somewhat actively engaged 
in pubUc affaiiTS in his adopted State. 

In August, 1780, at a special session of the Governor and Coun- 
cil of Vermont, at Bennington, Mr. Stiles was appointed to repair to 
New London, Conn., to confer with Mr. Timothy Green (the well- 
known printer) concerning the removal of his types and printing appar- 
atus to Vermont, for the purpose of undertaking the public printing 

* Records of Governor and CkntncU of Vermont, Vol. il., 88. 



250 THE STILES OEMEALOGY. 

of that State. lu October following, Mr. Stiles was empowered by 
the Governor and Council to seize and take possession of, for the use 
of the State, a printing office in the town of Westminister, which had 
formerly been the property of one Pale [or Gale ?] who ** had gone 
over and joined the Enemies of this and the United States of Amer- 
ica."* 

At tlie session of the General Assembly of Vermont, in the pre- 
ceding April (1780) the issuing of bills of credit by the State, to the 
amount of £25,155, had heen authorized, and counterfeiting these 
bills was made a capital crime. The bills were to printed under the 
inspection of "Matthew Lyon, Edward Harris, and Ena Styles, 
Esquires," and were, when printed, to be duly delivered by them to 
a committee appointed for the signing and numbering of said bills.t 
Some misunderstandings, probably of a political nature, arose in tlie 
course of this business, seriously compromising the good name of Mr. 
Stiles and his fellow committee-men. In June, 1781, the committee 
for signing and numbering the bills of credit, reported to the Gen- 
eral Assembly that they had found a 40* bill (No. 36) of the State 
Cunency, which was not of their signing **and counterfeit;" and 
that they suspected Judah Padock Spooner, Timothy Green [the 
printers], Samuel Avery and Ezra Styles, Esq., of Westminster [the 
Committee on Printing, etc.], of being concerned in the matter. 
Under a Council Warrant, these parties were all arrested ; but an 
examination speedily resulted in establishing the innocence of all the 
parties implicated — and the discovery of the real culprits, " one 
Chaflfee and tlie printer's boy."t 

According to the Assembly Journal, Mr. Stiles in October of the 
same year (1781), represented the town of Keene, N. H., in the Ver- 
mont Assembly. It is possible that he may have been a member of 
that body on Feb. 22, 1781, when he was, by resolution, ** appointed 
and empowered to get the several Acts and Articles of Union that 
have been passed this Session, printed," and to send copies of the 
same to certain parties in the State, who were charged with their dis- 
tribution to the several towns.** In all the important measures 
which Iqd to the dissolution of what was known as the " Eastern 

• Record* of Governor and Council of Vermont. Vol. II., p. 42. 

t Slade's StaU Papers 424. 

t Ibid, 101-4. 

«« Ibid, 294, 320-1, 882, 388. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY^ 251 

and Western Union," {i. e, between the State of Vermont, and of 
New Hampshire on her East and New York on her West), Mr. Stiles 
seems to have figured largely. The indefiniteness of the boundaries 
between these colonies resulted, as they gradually developed into States, 
in much clashing of interests, and of injustice to private individuals. 
But on the 19tli of October, 1781, Ezra Stiles, Stephen E. Bradley 
and John Bassett, of tbe House, were appointed by the Vermont As- 
sembly to prepare a bill, or official statement, in regard to the matter. 
On the report of this Committee, nine persons were appointed by the 
Legislature, on the part of Vermont, to meet with the Commissioners 
from New York and New Hampshire, for the purpose of settling tbe 
boundary lines. Mr. Ezra Stiles was one of these Commissioners, 
being, with Gen. Koger Enos, appointed to the settlement of the 
Western district (t. e., the boundary between Vermont and New York), 
matter, on which they were in conference ydlh Gov. Clinton, of New 
York, Feb. 24th, 1782.* 

Ezra Stiles, Esq., was one of the contiibutors to the *' Family 
Tablet," before referred to (page 219), and as poets are not over- 
abundant in the Stiles family, we venture to present one of his poems 
in this volume, entitled "Andre's Ghost." "It is not much worse 
than some other poems that were written on the same theme — which 
is about all that can be said of it."t 

ANDRE'S GHOST. 

AN IMITATION OF "POMPEY*8 GHOST." 

From visions of unclouded day, 
From joys refined without allay, 
And heavenly charms without decay, 
I come, through dark and dreary gloom, 
Where fond Eliza wastes her bloom 
Near the cold mansions of the tomb. 

Behold thy Brother's ghost, fair Maid! 
In robes of purest light array'd. 
In robes whose beauties never fade I 

• Doe. Hist, N. r.. It., 604. 

t Published in American BibliopoUtt, Aug. and Sept., 1870, 234. 



252 THE STiL£S OiNiALOOY. 

By death this glory I obtain; 

Tis heaven's illustrious martyr's gain, 

When freed from momentary pain. 

Inglorious fate thine Andre bore — 
My Sovereign call'd; I wish'd no more, 
But hastened to Columbia's shore 
On Hudson's banks — Ah! traitorous tide! 
No more thy waters sweetly glide, 
Nor navies there securely ride. 

Arnold himself shall oft repine, 

And mourn hU fate was not like mm«. 

Since he is doomed to wrath divine; 

His shade shall stalk on some drear coast. 

To life, to honor, glory lost. 

No monument of fame shall bonst 

Then stay those tears, sweet Maid! prepare 
To exchange for heaven this scene of care, 
Immortal honors wait thee there; 
There no harsh traitor finds his way, 
Naught can obscure the face of day, 
Nor Arnold shall his friend betray. 

EUGENEO. 

Ezra Stiles, Esq., married, Jan, 4, 1781, Sybil Avery, of 
Vermont, (formerly of Norwich, Conn.) He "died in Chowan 
County, about 10 miles from Edenton, in North Carolina, August 22, 
1784, retat 26," (Pres. Stiles, MSS.), of consumption. Jonathan Leavitt 
was appointed guardian to his daughters, (Prob. Rec. xxii., Northamp- 
ton, Mass.) 

Children : 

368. I. Elizabeth Hubbard,"^ bom at Keene, N. H., April 15, 
1782, married John Denio. Her daughter, Amelia 
Stiles Denio,^ bom at Greenfield, Mass., 1806, mar- 
ried Dr. William Noble (see Noble Genealogy, 141); 
whose daughter, Bulk G.y became second wife of 



THE COMWECTICUT FAMILY. 253 

William N. (son of Abel 2d and Phebe) Canfield, 
April 8, 1835. {Hist New Ml/ord, Conn., p. 687.) 

369. n. Emiija Harriot/ bom at Groton, Conn., Feb. 9, 1784. 

FAMILY 2a 

370. Jsaac Clark* Stiles, [229], {Imac,^ Rev, Isaac,' JohnJ' 
John^ John,^) bom in North Haven, Conn., April 30, 1767; married 
Eunice Blakslee, Feb. 3, 1787. He died June 16, 1834 Mrs. Eunice 
(Blakslee) Stiles died Nov. 4, 1853. 

Children: 

371. I. Laura,' born Nov, 30, 1787 ; married Dec. 6, 1814, 

Ebenezer Mansfield. Issue: 

372. i. IsAAC,8 bom Nov. 26, 1815; married May 15, 1842. 

373. ii, Edwin Lbwi8,« born May 18, 1817; married Oct. 25, 1843. 

374. ui. Mi.RT Eluabbth,' born Oct. 14, 1819; died July 20, 1832. 

375. iv, Laura Louisa,* born June 7. 1821; died March 10, 1823. 

376. V. Eunice,* born Dec. 27, 1823; married Dec. 27, 1841. 

377. vi. Lauba,* bom March 8. 1826; died Nov. 25, 1828. 

Mrs. Laura (Stiles) Mansfield died May 19, 1879. 

378. II. LuoiNA,' bom April 24, 1790; married Lewis Goodyear. 

Issue: 



379. i. Cabolinb,8 

; . 1824. 

380. ii. LuciNA,* 



\ died. 



381. iii. CoBNSiiiA,^ died some years later. 

382. iv. LuzEBNB,^ died an officer in the late war. 

The family has become extinct, no record to be 
found. 



254 T^^ STiLCS GCM^MLOOr. 

383. III. Isaac,' bom Aug. 2^ 1792; married Lois Cooper- 

Family 49. 

384. IV. Eunice,' bom July 22, 1795 ; married Lyman Brooksv 

No issue. She is living (1886) in N. Y. State. 

385. V, ZoPHAR,' bom Aug. 24. 1799 ; marrieil Caroline Kelsey- 

Family 50. 

386. VI. HoRACE,'bom May 31 , 1801 ; mai ried (1), Harriet Thorp; 

(2), Lois Pierpont. Family 51. 

387. VII. Ezra,' bom July 26, 1804: manied (1), Esther Pier- 

pont; (2), Mary Bristol; (,^), Fnwices R Johnson.. 
Family 52. 

388. VIII. Harvey,' bom May 21, 1809; married EnMly Toddv 

Family 53. 

FAMILY 29. 

389. Samuel ^ Stiles, [233] , AshM,^ Rev. haouc,^ Jolm^ John^ 
John,^) bom Dec. 3, 1762; married Hannah Ellsworth, of Windsor, 
Conn., 1787. He settled first at Northampton, Masa, removed to- 
Windsor, Conn., and thence to Chester, Mass.; then back to Wind- 
sor. He served as a private in a company formed in Windsor, in 
the last war with England, and was at Fort Trumbull, in Feb., 1813, 
He died at Windsor, Oct. 15,1826, Mrs. Hannah (Ellsworth) Stiles, 
died at Chicopee, Mass., Jan. 12, 1828, 

Cfhildren : 

390. I. Nancy,' bom at Northampton, Mass., Jan. 19, 1788; mar- 

ried Luman S. Coe, farmer, of Granville, Mass., Jan, 
14, 1810. Issm: 

391. i. CABOLncE A./ bom Jan. 5, 1811; married Samnel W, 

Squires; died Feb. 2, 1844. 



rni vonnECTrcuj FhMiir. 255 

392. ii. Emily F.,» born May 5, 1812; married James C. Blair; 

died Jan. 13, 1881. 

393. lik Lysandbb P.,8 born Feb. 8, 1816; married Julia Buel. 

Kes. (1885), Amsterdam, N. Y. 

vJ94. iv, Hbnby A.,^ born Dec. 8, 1817; died Oct. 10. 1851. 

395. V Benjamin F.,8 bom Jan. 12, 1820; di«d May 8, 1862. 

396. vi Sarah E., 8 born June 30, 1823; married O. E. Darlings 

lies. (1885\ Chicopee Falls, Mass. 

397. vii, Samuel K.,8 born July 9, 1827; married Kate Mj'ers. Res. 

(1885), Mohawk, N. Y. 

398. viii. HcLEN M..« bora March 16, 1833; married C. W, HalU 

Res. (1885), Plainville, Conn. 

Mrs. Nancy (Stiles) Coe died June 3, 1865. 
Mr. Luinan S. Coe died Sept. 21, 1862. 

399. II. Harriet,^ bom at Northampton, Mass., Oct 24, 1789; 

married Elisha Prior, of Norwich (now Huntingdon), 
Mass., 1809, Mrs. Harriet (Stiles) Prior died May 
26, 1823, 

400. IIL Delia,' bom at Northampton, Mass., Nov. 12, 1791; 

married Dec. 20, 1820, Ruel Van Horn, farmer, 
Chicopee, Mass., a descendent of Bom Van Horn, 
who came from Saxe-Coburg. Issue: 

401. i. Delia S.,^ bom April 26, 1825; married L. E. Ladd. Res. 

(1885), Springfield, Mass. 

402. ii. Ellsworth S.,« bom Aug. 28, 1826; died Oct. 2, 1882. 

403. iii, Benjamin R.,» bom Got. 6, 1830; died Aug. 13, 1839. 

404. iv. Geoboe W.,t' born at Gabotsville, Springfield, Mass., Oct. 

12, 1833. Received an Academic education and 
studied law with Gharles R. Ladd, now Auditor of 



256 7ME STILES GEMiALOOT, 

% 

Massacknselta, and with Hod. E. B. Gillette, West- 
field. Came to Iowa and Mosoatine in 1855, and com- 
pleted law studies with Hon. D. C. Cloud, then At- 
torney General of the State. Married Sept 15, 1858,, 
Mary L, daughter of Dr. James G. Morrow, and said 
to be the first native-born bride in Iowa. Admitted 
to the bar in 1856 and entered into partnerKhip with 
Mr. Cloud. Took an active part in the political cam- 
paigns, as Chairman of the Republican County Com- 
mittee, in '56, '57. *58, '59, '60. In March, 1861, 
appointed by President LittccJn, United States Con- 
sul at Marseilles, France, and served until the sum- 
mer of 1866. In 1867, invited by the State Central 
Committee of Arkansas to take charge of the new 
Republican State organ at Little Rock. Was appointed 
Registrar under the Reconstruction laws, and assigned 
to the recontitruction of affairs in Scott County, Ark., 
on the borders of the Indian Ter., where he made hi» 
home for nine months with Bill Ellington, the noted 
chief of Federal Scouts. In 1871, he started the Mus- 
catine daily and weekly 7Vi5une, selling his interest to 
his partners in 1880, and has subsequently been asso- 
ciate editor of the Muscatine Jaumcd. Has a family 
of three children, two girls and one boy. Has done 
some distinct literary work, writing a novel while in 
Europe, which was published under a pseudonyme,, 
by the American Publishing Co. of Hartford, Conn. 
Res. (1885), in Muscatine, Iowa 

Mrs. Delia (Stiles) Van Horn, died July 26, 
1874. Mr. Reed Van Hora, died April 19, 1850, 

405. rV. Samuel,' bom at Chester, Mass., July 3, 1793; drowned 

in Lake Erie, June 24, 1818. 

406. V. Henry,' bom at Chester, Mass., Nor. 1, 1795; married 

. Famh.y 54. 



407. VI. Ellsworth,' bora at Chester, Mass., Aug. 1, 1797; died 

Nov. 4, 1823. 

408. Vn. Benjamin,' bom at Chester, Mass., Aug. 3, 1799; mar- 

ried . Family 55. 



TH^ COUfflfBCT/CUT FAM/LT. 



257 



409. VIIL 



4ia IX. Julia, 



AmeuaJ ^ twins, bom 
at Chester, 
Mass., June 
la 1802. 



Married Wm. Welch, of Wind- 
sor, Conn., Aug. 14, 1821; died 
Dec. 30, 1822. No issue. 
Married (1), Calvin Cooley, 
1823; married (2), Sidney Craw- 
ford, machinist, of Stafford, 
Conn., 1856; had one son by 
( first husband- 



FAMILY 30. 

411. Job* Stiles, [234], (JsAie/,* Jtev. Isaac,* John^ John^ 
John^) bom Jan, 12, 1765; was a shoemaker; settled at Windsor, 
Conn.; married Mary Drake, of Windsor, Dec. 12, 1785. The fam- 
ily resided in Enfield, Conn., for about ten years — say from 1810 to 
1821. Job Stiles died April 13, 1813. Mrs. Mary (Drake) Stiles died 
March 14, 1839, (Inscriptions, on one stone, in Old Windsor gi-ave- 
yard.) 

Children (all bom at fFindsoVy Conn,): 

412. L Mary,' bom April 24, 1786; baptised Sept. 25,* and died 

Sept. 27, 1786, sb. 5 months. 

413. >II. LucRETiA,' bom July 12, 1787; died, unmanied, sit 

Windsor, Conn., May 6, 1879. 

414. III. Laura,' bom June 11, 1789; died Sept 16, 1810. 

415 IV. Ezra Griswold,' born July 12, 1791 : wjus a sailor. 
During the war of 1812, between the United States 
and Great Britain, he was captured, and suffered 
some hardships, as narrated in a letter t in the i)oss(»s- 
sion of his sister. Miss Mary Stiles, of Windsor, 
Conn., from which we condense the following: He 
left home Oct. 12, 1812; the ship got ashore on 



* Entered in baptismal record of Int Church as " MolUe.' 
t Dated from Plymouth, England, November 12, 18U. 



258 THE STILES GEMEMLOGY, 

Chatham bar, Nov. 8th, but the cargo was finally 
saved and they arrived in Boston, Nov. 25th, re- 
maming there until Dec. 20th, when he shipped 
upon the Oscar, Stephen Bicknell, master, boimd 
to Norfolk, and thence to Lisbon. They arrived at 
Norfolk Jan. 1st, 1813, took in cargo, and were 
about to sail, when the British squadron arrived 
in the Chespeake Bay, and prevented their exit by 
' a strict blockade. On the 11th of March, seeing 

no chance of getting out, the Captain discharged his 
crew, and, as their choice was between enlisting 
upon a man-of-war, or " footing it " over the five or 
six hundred miles 'between Norfolk and New York, 
young Stiles chose the latter alternative. With 
four comrades, he started, March 13th, and next 
day reached Baltimore. Here he says, ** I cannot 
forbear mentioning an instance of great generosity in 
a Virginia Planter, at whose house we came late one 
evening on a stormy day, and requested a night's 
lodgings. He took us in, and as the rain continued 
for two days after, would not permit us to proceed 
on our journey, but treated us with every attention 
our situation required ; and, when the rain ceased, 
sent a black, with a wagon, who carried us on 40 
miles ; and, although we were not short of money, 
furnished us with provisions for a week ; and on 
sliaking hands with him, made me a present of a 
Sword, which I was offered 60 dollars for at the next 
town." Of this sword, with his clothing and $30 in 
money, he was ruthlessly robbed at Baltimore, by 
tlie treachery of one of his shipmates. His remain- 
ing shipmates offered him every consolation in their 
power, and to defray his expenses to New York, but 
he says: " I had broken a piece from the hilt of my 
Sword, and by good fortune had it in my pocket, and 
sold it for $2.80." They then proceeded by packet 
to Frenchtown, thence to Newcastle, Delaware, on 



THE cofifi£CTfCur fmmilt. 559 

foot ; and thence by a small vessel to Philadelphia — 
always keeping a sharp look-out for any trace or tid- 
ings of the thieving shipmate — but witliout avail. 
From Philadelphia to New York he walked in three 
days, arriving at the latter city with a half-dollar in 
his pocket, on the 25th of March. Three days later 
he shipped on the Brig Jane Barns, Capt. Durkee, 
bound to Lisbon, under a British license. On. 
reaching that place, was lx>arded by the British 
sloop-of-war Comus, who upon searching the brig, 
found her to be a prize, and her crew were seiaed as 
prisoners of war, and sent on board the Comtis. 
Thirty days they were kept on this vessel, cruising 
along the Spanish and Poi-tugese coasts, until meet- 
ing with the San Josef, 112 guns, a three decker^ 
they were transferred to that vessel, to be taken to 
Gibralter. Thirteen days later they arrived at Gib- 
ralter (June 3d) and were placed on board the Min- 
erva, prison-ship, to await the issue of procedings con- 
cerning their vessel. The case was much prejudiced 
by the absconding of Capt Durkee, on a parol of 
honor; and the vessel was shortly afterwards con- 
demned, hull and cargo. **And now," continues his 
narrative, ** we had the melancholy prospect of a long 
imprisonment. As there was no cartel saihng from 
the Eock, we were advised, on board the San Jonef, by 
Ijord William Stewai-t, tlie ('omiuander, to send a 
petition to the Board, of Admiralty at London, whom 
he said he did not doubt would send us an immedi- 
ate redress ; however, we declined writing, thinking 
it would be of no use ; and I formed the plan of 
making my escape from the prison-ship and get on 
board of an American sliij) that had cleared and wtis 
going home. The method I proposed was to let my- 
self down by a rope thix>ugh the air-port into the 
water, upon the ebb tide, and swim to the ship, which 
lay about 1^ miles from the prison-ship. I had pre- 



260 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

viously measured the air-port aucl found that I could 
just force my body through without a jacket. I tied 
three or four shirts in a bimdle and put strings to it 
to sling upon my back when I was in the water. 
Everything was ready, and the night of the 30th June 
I had pitched upon for the trial, it l)eing the night 
previous to the ship's sailing. About 4 oi the clock 
A. M., the last of June, orders came for the American 
prisoners to get themselves i-eady to go on board the 
Protector, gnn-brig, for England, in two hours. 
Tlius, my airy scheme of liberty vanished in a min- 
ute." July 1st they sailetl for Plyinoutli, England, 
wliere they arrived on tlie 30tli ; and were ]>laced on 
tlje Hector, prison-shij), *' to take Icxlgings, as I ex- 
l)ectetl, for tlie war. I had but few clothc*s, and those 
mostly worn ; no bedding, and our provisions sc»anty, 
at least to me, who hail been but little used to a slu>rt 
allowance. We were now allowed one- half pound of 
beef, and IJ pounds of bread ptn* day, all of which 
would scarcely satisfy the cravings of hunger." Here 
Stiles remained for a month, with only two of his 
shipmates, the rest having been discharged from pris- 
on, l)eing foreigners. **At length," he says, "my- 
self and a young man l)eloiiging to Philmlelphia, were 
the only Americans left of our crew ; heartily tired 
of imprisonment, I, at length, bethought myself of 
the advice of Lord Stewart, and determined to put it 
in practice. I, therefore, wrote a petition to the 
Board, couched in the most moving language I was 
master of, some true, and some not. However, I 
filled two complete sheets and sent them on to Lon- 
don, and in eight days an order came to let me, and 
William Molineaux at liberty, on condition of not 
serving against England, during the war." It was 
two months before he could find any chance to obtain 
a i)assage to any foreign port ; but on Sept. 30, he 
shipped on an English vessel bound to St. Johns, 



rw£ cojtJt£CT/cur FAimnr. 261 

Newfoundland, where they arrived Nov. 1, and Stiles 
lost no time in procuring from the Governor of the 
Island, a discharge from his vessel. Here he awaited 
an opportunity to get to the United States, but none 
appearing, he was forced, Dec. 1, to ship in a vessel 
bound for Alicaut, up the Straits of Gibralter, where 
they arrived Jan. 16, 1814. *'To dwell upon par- 
ticulars on this small sheet is impossible; from Ali- 
cant to Taragonia, from thence to Valentia, then 
to Barcelona, and from there to Genoa, in Italy, and 
the birth-place of the immortal Christopher Colum- 
bus. Here we remained until the 14th of May, and 
then sailed with a convoy for England; we arrived at 
London the 12th of August; there I remained to the 
middle of September, then went to Portsmouth and 
from there came here. I have experienced every 
vicissitude of fortune since I left you, but, through 
the Blessings of God, I am in good health at present, 
and my only anxiety is for you that are surrounded 
by all the hoiTors of war. Alas ! I fear that before 
I see my beloved country again, her independence is 
lost forever; the undivided force of England, I fear, 
must prevail against a divided country. I am in 
hopes that the next letter you receive from me will 
be dated from Buenos Ayres, in S. America. Adieu, 
beloved Parents, may God have you in his holy keep- 
ing and while I am the source of affliction to you, my 
brothers and sisters, by their dutious conduct, make 
ample amends. 

[Addressed] Ezra G. Steles." 

Forwarded from, Mrs. Job Stiles, 

Windsor. Enfield, 

TJ. S. A. Connecticut 

As he never returned to his home, and nothing 
has ever been heard of him, it is probable that he 
was lost at sea. 



262 ^^^ STILES GEMEALOGT^ 

416. V. Hylas^ born June 11, 1793; married Harriet L. Rob- 

erts. Family 56. 

417. VL Julia,' bom March, bap. June 28, 1795; marrieil Fred- 

erick A. Hale, of Glastonbury, Conn., April 7, 1825, 
Issue : 

418. i. Infant daughter." died April 10, 1826. 

419. ii. Ghabueb Frkdbbick* (M. D.),* born August 15, 1827. 

420. iii. Jamb8,» bom Sept 26, 1829; died July 25, 183l», aged 10 

months. 

421. It. Alfrw).* bom July 26, 1831; died March 3, 1832, aged 7 

months. 

422. T. James Woodbridok,* f bora Aug. 17, 1833. 

423. vi. Cornelius Stiles/ bora July 4. 1836; died in San An- 

tonia, Texas, March 14, 1876, te. 39, unmarried. 

Mrs. Julia (Stiles) Hale died at Hartford, 
Conn., July 9. 1871, 8b. 76. Mr. Hale (born in Glas- 
tonbury, 1795), died in Hartford, Conn., Sept. 11, 
1850. He was a merchant and accountant. 

424. VII. Mary,'' bom May 28, 1797; died, unmarried, at Windsor, 

Conn., Aug. 18, 1887, and was buried Saturday, 



• Charles F- Hale, M. D., received his preparatory education at the Hopkins Orammar 
School, Hartford, Conn. : graduated at Trinity College, A. M., 1851: Oct., 1849-50, entered Medi- 
cal Department of the University of Maryland, at Baltimore: October, 1850, entered College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, whence he graduated, March, 1852. About 1853, was 
Chief Medical Officer of the Panama Railroad Company; about 1859, he quit practice in New 
York City, partly from impaired health and partly from valuable interests which demanded 
his personal supervision, and since 1861 has resided at Forest Hill, Coal Valley. W. Va., where 
he was President of the Forest Hill Mining Co., from 1859 to 1862, Ita operation then being sus- 
pended. owing to the war. 

Dr. Hale married June 26, 1855, in New York City, Sarah Silvia (daughter of Robert) Slbree, 
of Bath. England. She died in New York City. Sept. 11, 1859, ee. 27 years, 20 days. Children (1) 
Mary Astrea, bom in New York City. March 2), 1856; married Joseph R. Stowers, and has a 
daughter, Lillian : res. (1885 Forest Hill. West Va. (2) Charles Brinley, born in New York City, 
May 31, 1858; died Nov. 11, 1878. unmarried. 

t James Woodbridoe Hale married Olive Post (daughter of Capt. John Everest and 
Ruhamah Ayer) Rockwell, of Essex, Conn., Nov. 22, 1866. Is engaged in mercantile business, at 
Hartford. Conn. Issue: (1) Edith Stiles, born Aug. 23, 1874. 



THe CONMECTICUT FAMILY, 263 

Aug. 20, the last of her name and aucient family 
upon the tax-books of the Town of Windsor. 

425. VIII. Elizabeth^ born April 15, 1804; died unmarried; at 
Windsor, Conn., Dec 16, 1862. [Justice to the 
memory of this family requires some especial and 
loving mention of the four aged sisters whose 
quaint and ancient dwelling at the Southern end 
of Palizado Green was ever a Mecca to the pil- 
grim feet of any of the Stiles name, or kin; and, in- 
deed, to all who loved to talk of Windsor's past. 
LucRETiA, the eldest, delighted in all that related to 
the genealogies and history of her native town. 
Mary, active, sarcastic and humorous, tho' she always 
derided her sister's fondness for antiquities, was yet 
really as deeply imbued with the love of the Past. 
Julia (Mrs. Hale), was totally blind for many years 
before her death, yet always interested in the talk 
and gossip both of the Present and Past; while EuzA, 
the youngest, strong, alert, healthy and cheerful, com- 
pleted a quartette of spinsters rarely to be matched. 
Respected by all their neighbors, they were "Aunts" 
to all the children roundabout, who ran in and out 
with perfect confidence of a kindly welcome. Tho' 
tliey stirred not often, or far from their own thres- 
hold, yet to them came all the news of the place, 
the confidences of both old and young; and many, 
who were comparatively strangers to the place, 
sought their acquaintance and valued it exceedingly 
when found. Stiles' History and Genealogies of 
Ancient Windsor owed much of its inspiration and 
value to these old ladies; and the copy which con- 
stantly laid upon their table, beside the Bible, 
was a much thumbed volume, frequently consulted 
by strangers from afar who came to Windsor to 
trace their lineage, or to renew the associations of 
early youth. Blessed in the hearts of many who 



264 THE STILES GEHEkLOGY. 

were thus indebted to them for hospitality and for 
information given, will be the memory of these 

sisters.] 

FAMILY 31. 

426. Martin * Stiles, [262], {Lieut. Martin,^ Isaac,' Ephraim,^ 
John^ John,^) bom at Westfield, Mass., May 5, 1753; married, Aug., 
1772, Tirzah Loomis, of Southwick, Mass., bom Feb. 20, 1752. 
Martin Stiles died June 11, 1811. Mrs. Tirzah (Loomis) Stiles died 
July 17, 1828. 

Children {all horn ai Wesf/ield, Mass.): 

427. L FiT.TJAH,'^ bom Jan. 9, 1773; married Betsy Jennings. 

Family 57. 

428. n. Warham,' bom Dec. 28, 1774; married Sarah Nelson. 

Family 58. 

429. IIL Ezra,' bom Feb. 12, 1777; died April 12, 1793. 

430. IV. Japhet,'' bom March 12, 1779; married Ehoda Carring- 

ton. Family 59. 

431. V. Salmon,'' bom July 6, 1781; married (1) Annie Dewey; 

(2) Charlotte Holmes. Family 60. 

432. VI. Edward,'^ born Sept. 27, 1783; married Lucinda Lam- 

berton. Family 61. 

433. VIL Isaac,'' born March 3, 1786; married Sally Potter. 

Family 62. 

434. Vm. Tirzah,'' bom Mar. 15, 1788; mamed (1) Seth Webster,* 

of East Hartford, N. Y.; (2) John Sargent, by 



* Intention of marriage entered Aug. 25, 1811. "and were married by Rev. Isaac Knapp, 
Jan. 80, 1812."— Wm«/I<:W Record*, 



THE COMNECTtCUT FAMILY. 265 

whom she had one daughter. Mrs. Tirzah (Stiles) 
Sargent living, 1859, at Mendon, N. T; 

435. IX, Henry,' born April 1^ 1790; married Cheney Fox. 

Family 63. 

436. X. Charles,''^ bom April 1, 1792; married Sophia Kexford. 

Famii^y 64. 

437. XI. Mary,' bom April 21, 1794; married Cyrus Webster,* 

of Mendon, N. Y. 

FAMILY 32. 

438. Israer Stiles, [266], {Israel^ Isaac,^ EphraimJ^ John,^ 
John,^) bom at Westfield, Mass., July 14, 1778;t married Dorcas, 
(daughter o£ David) Hastinpjs, of Suffield, Conn. He died Feb. 9, 
1868, 89. 90 years. Mrs. Dorcas (Hastings) Stiles died Dec 10, 
1773, 89. 88. 

Mr. Stiles was of an enquiring turn of mind, a great reader, and 
an excellent story-teller. He was of an amiable temper, and unam- 
bitious. He and his father, Israel, were the only Universalists in town, 
and very naturally incurred the vehement animadversions of other 
sects, especially the Baptists, of whom there were many in Suffield. 

Children : 

439. I. Anson,'' bora Aug. 20, 1805; married Elvira Allen. 

Family 65. 

440. n. LuciNDA Eliza,' ; resides (1885) at Lafayette, 

Indiana. 

441. III. Sabra Eliza,'' ; married William A. Potter, of 

Lafayette, Ind., April 12, 1852. Issiie : 

* Intention of marriage entered (Mr. Webster named as, "of Russell") Nov. 27, 18U; cer- 
tificate Issued, Dec. 24, IBU.^WettJUld Records. 

t I am quite positive that my fattier Israel Stiles, was bom in Qranville, Mass., and lived 
there until his mother married Job Stiles, and removed to Westfield, Mass. where my father 
lived until he came to Suffield, at about twelve years of age. Here he lived, married, raised his 
family and died on the same place, ** Hastings H.lU.*'—LetUr qf David H, Stiles Jan, 1885. 



266 THE STiLes eeNeALOGY, 

442. i. WiUiiAM 8TiLEfl,8born . 

443. ii. RuasiEL H.,* bom ; died June 9, 1857. 

444. ill. Jane Augusta,* bom ; died Aug. 11, 1859. 

445. iv. Emily Stilbs^s bom . 

446. V. Mabt Hastings, 8 bom . 



447. yi, Philip Thubbke,' bom 



448. IV. KowENA,' bom , 1808; died June 7, 1858, 

8B. 50. 

449. V. David H.,^ bom Jan. 22, 1812; married Elvira Allen. 

Family 65. 

450. VI. Ct. e mt n aJ bom , 1814; died Oct 17, 1831, 

fie. 17. 

451. VIL Dorcas L.,^ bom , 1818; died Sept. 22, 1838, 

8B. 20. 

452. VnL Israel Newton,' bom 1826 ; died Nov. 12, 1831, 8b 5. 

FAMILY 33. 

453. Dan iel ^ Sti les, [269], {Daniel,^ Isaac,* Ephraim,^ John^ 
John,^) bom at Westfield, Mass., Jan. 15, 1757; married (1), Sarah 
(daughter of Daniel) Refers, of Ipswich, Mass.; (2), Charity Lucas, 
of Sussex Co., N. J. He is said to have died at Wilkesbarre, Pa. 

Children : 

454. I. Lewis,' bom at Kingston, Luzeme, Co. Pa., , 

1789 ; married Sarah Dodson. Family 66. 

455. II. Elizabeth,' bom March 12, 1791 ; married Peter 

Eckler, of Lebanon Co., Pa., Jan. 16, 1828. 



THE COMMeCTICUT FAMILY, 267 

456. IIL Daniel Eogers,"'* bom June 14, 1793 ; married (1) 

Anna M. Yard ; (2) Mary Lott. Family 67. 

457. rV. Uriah,' bom ; married (1) Jane McKennigan; 

(2) . Family 68. 

458. V. Horace, bom ; drowned in the Susquehanna 

Eiver, 8B. 9 years. 

459. VL Butler,' bom . 



460. Vn. Bathsheba,' ; married Elihu Rogers. Lived at 

Kingston, Pa. 

461. VIII. Sarah,' bom ; married Thomas Stevens. 

462. IX. Olive,' ; married James Martin. 

FAMILY 34. 

463. Lewis • Stiles, [270], {Daniel,^ Isaac,^ EphraimJ' John,^ 

John,^) bom at Westfield, Mass., Aug. 7, 1760; married . He 

was said to have been, during his youth, and until 14 years old, a 
resident of Fres. Ezra Stiles' family. His application for pension 
gives the following account of his life : 

Lewis Stiles — Basket Maker. — ^In Dec., 1823, of Berne, Albany 
Co., N. Y., aged 63 years, and in Dec., 1832, he was living in Bethle- 
hem, N. Y., aged 72 years. In 1776 he was enrolled in the militia at 
Simsbury , Conn., and volunteered in Aug., 1776, to go to New Haven, 
Conn., but was ordered back. In Aug., 1777, he volunteered with 
Capt Hays, joining the command of Col. Buel, of Conn., and was in 
the severe battle of Bemis Heights (Oct 7, 1777), and after the sur- 
render of Gen. Burgoyne, he returned to Simsbury. On the alarm 
of the British advance towards Danbury, Conn., he tumed out under 



* Said to have been named Daniel Rogers, after his maternal grandfather, who willed him 
his property; which, however, he never enjoyed, as he was on his deathbed when he was notl. 
fled of Its contents. (Letter of Ohas. H. Stiles, of Boston, Mass., who also says that this 
Daniel Rogers was the only son of Daniel, by his first wife, Sarah Rogers. 



268 ^^^ ST/LES GBMEALOGY. 

Capt. Bartolph, (pronounced Battles), in Col. Biiel's regiment, arriv- 
ing at Danbury just after the burning of the public property and 
seveml buildings, but remained as a guard for one month. He enlist- 
ed at Hartford, Conn., with Capt. Pigeon, in Col. Webb*8 Connecticut 
Eegiment, in Nov. 1777, and was employed at and near West Point, 
in building forts and foiiifications, and doing general garrison duty 
for one year. He shipped as Sergeant of Marines on board the ship 
Huntress, 20 guns, Capt. Sage, at New London, Conn., on a 4 month 
cruise, during which two prizes were brought into that port. This 
was in 1780 or 1 ; thinks however, he arrived in New London about two 
weeks after the traitor, Arnold, burnt the place (Sept. 6, 1781). He 
was wounded at Bemis Heights in calf of his leg. He states in 1823 
that his wife had been dead about 12 years, but two of his daughters 
were keeping house for him. He died in Schoharie, N. Y., March 7, 
1839. One of his enlistments was at Sheffield, Mass., where he was 
at work. Bora in Simsbury, Conn., Aug* 17, 1760. From Sheffield 
he removed to Livingston Manor, N. Y., and has lived in several 
counties in New York, but for the last 16 or 17 years prior to 1832-3, 
has resided in Albany Co. In 1850, the only children surviving 
were John Stiles, Betsey Tippet, Maria Stiles and Lucinda Cuyler. 
His resemblance to Benjamin Franklin wsw so great that liis 
grandson, Darwin Stiles, artist, once made a portrait of him from a 
bust of the philosopher, which was entirely satisfactory to the family. 

Children : 

464. I. John,' M. C, — ; married Miriam L'Amei^aux. 

Family 69. 

465. II. Daniel,'' ; died about 1844, unmarried. 

466. III. Lewis,'' ; disappeared. 

467. IV. Mabu,"' Uving in Albany, N. Y., (1859j, immarried. 

468. V. Betsy,' ; married Tippet. 

469. VI. Charlotte.'' 



THE CONNECTICUT FMM/LT. 269 

470. .Vn. LuciNDA,' ; married George Cuyler, of Albany, 

N. Y. 



471. Vin. Angeline,^ 



FAMILY 35. 



472. Austin^ Stiles, [271], {Daniel,'' Isaac,* Ephraim,^ John^ 
John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., March 12, 1763 ; resided in Ben- 
nington, Vt;* married . 



Children : 




473. L HiBAM.' 




474. n. Betsy.' 




475. m. Saixy.' 






FAMILY 36, 



476. Zebedlah' Stiles, Jr., [278], {Zehediah^ Ephratm^Eph- 
raim,^ John^^ John,^) bom at Pittsfield, Mass., Oct 20, 1757 ; mar- 
ried Elizabeth Miller. Like his father, he was a soldier in the 
Revolutionary war ; marched to Cambridge, and served six months 
under Capt. David Noble, April 22, 1775 ; served under Capt. Wil- 
liam Francis, at Albany, by order of Gen. Schuyler, Jan. 14-19, 
1776, and under same Captain, at Ticonderoga, from Oct. 17 to Nov. 
16, 1776.t 

Mr. Zebediah Stiles, Jr., died at Pittsfield, Sept. 1, 1803. Mrs. 
Zebediah Stiles, Jr., died at Pittsfield, ISOl.J 

Children {born in Pittsfield, Mass.):** 
477. L EpHRADf,'' bom March 13, 1783. 

♦ Authority of John (M. D.) 

t Hat. Pittifield, 11.. 485, 488. 
- t PitttJUld Ree.. Bk. 7. pp. 92, 83, and Pint Cong. Chwch Records. 

** Firtt Cong. Church Records, of Pittsfield, gives Item of an "Elijah, son of Zebediah Stiles, 
aged about a month," who died July , 1775. 



270 THE STILES OEM EULOGY. 

FAMILY 37. 

478. Asahel • Stiles, [279], {Zehediah,^ Ephraim* Ephraim,^ 
John^ John,^) bom in Pitisfield,Mass., Nov. 29, 1759; married Bissell 
Gleason, from Stephentown, N. Y., June 17, 1784. He was a Revolu- 
tionary soldier, serving in Capt. John Strong's company, May, 1776, in 
a tour to Kinderhook, N. Y. ; under the sam^; also, from June 30 to July 
26, 1777, at Fort Ann; and from July 8, 1778, to Jan. 8, 1779, when he 
was dismissed, at Springfield, Mass. {Hist Piits/ield, iL, 489, 490, 
493). In his application for a pension, he states that he had lived in 
Rutland Co., Vt., 55 years, and previous thereto in Granville, (pro- 
bably N. Y. or Vt.) While living in Pittsfield, Mass., he served three 
months, from Dec., 1775, with Capt. Rathbome, in CoL Simond's 
Mass. Regiment at Ticonderoga, after which he volimteered at Pitts- 
field for three months from June, 1777, with Capt. Strong, joining 
Col. Ashley's Regiment at Fort Edward, and from there retreated, 
upon the advance of Burgoyne's forces, and the evacuation of Ticon- 
deroga, to Kingsbury, and there joined the brigade of G^n. Nixon, 
which retired to Sandy Hill, N. Y, About July 1, 1778, he went as 
a volunteer with Capt. Parker, who went to Springfield, Mass., to 
guard military stores, for six months, during which time he was de- 
tailed to escort the transportation of ammunition to Providence, R. I. 
He was out on a short expedition or alarm, to Granville and Skeens, 
Conn., (now Whitehall), and several other places, scouting, etc., in all 
three months. 

He preserved his faculties to a ripe old age; at the age of 92 could 
read well without glasses. His memory was very retentive, and he 
was fond of perusing the Bible, in which he was well versed. Being a 
shoemaker, as well as farmer, he could in his later years mend an old 
shoe as well as ever. At one time, also, he kept a hotel at Benson, 
Vt. He lived and died, April 13, 1854, in Benson, Rutland Co., Vt., 
SB. 94 years. 

Mrs. Bissell (Gleason) Stiles, was bom June 15, 1761, and died 
July 19, 1842, se. 86, in Benson, Vt 

Children (born at Granville, N. Y,): 

479. I. JosiAH,' bom Sept. 11, 1785; married Catherine . 

Family 70. 



TH£ CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 271 

480. 11. Clarissa,' bom at Granville, N. Y., May 18, 1787. 

481. in. Eluah,'' bom at Granville, N. Y., Oct. 16, 1788; was a 

merchant (dry goods) at Highgate, Vt., where he 
died, unmarried, Nov. 27, 1844. 

482. IV. LoRREN,'' bom at Granville, N. Y., Aug. 9, 1790; mar- 

ried Kezia Stout. Family 71. 

483. V. William,' bom at Benson, Vt., May 17, 1792 ; married 

Luna Perry. Family 72. 

484 VI. Cassilda D.,^ born at Benson, Vt, Jan. 27, 1794 ; mar- 
ried Samuel H. Pardee, in Benson, Vt. They re- 
sided and died in Andover, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. 
Issue : 

485. i. Jambs H.,8 born Nov. 15, 1820, in Benson, Vt. ; mnrried 

(1) Elizabeth Cogswell, Nov. 3, 1841, in Garretsville, 
Ohio; married (2) Martha Wait, March 16, 1865, in 
Windham, Ohio, and died at Windham, Oct. 18, 1879. 

486. ii. Fannie C.,8bom at Benson, Vt., Jan. 6, 1822; married, 

at Windham, Ohio, George Davis, Oct. 28, 1846; died 
in California, April 23, 1871. 

487. iii Nancy B.,» bom at Benson, Vt., Nov. 19, 1823; marriel 

in Ravenna, Ohio, Benj. P. Wright, Jan. 25, 1865; died 
at Andover, Ohio, March 16, 1881. 

488. iv. Charles A.,8 bom at Benson, Vt, March 19, 1826; mar- 

ried in Randolph, Ohio, Ellen A. Pinney. Res. (1885), 
St. Edward, Boone Co., Neb. 

489. V. Mabia 0.,8 born Benson, Vt, Ang. 12, 1828. Res. (1885), 

at Garrettsville, Ohio. 

490. vi William Henbt Ceawpoed.s bom at Benson, Vt, March 

22; died at Windham, Ohio, Jane 24, 1831. 

491. vii. William Henby,* born at Windham, Ohio, Nov. 24, 1834. 

Res. (1888), at Geneva, Filmore Co., Neb. 



272 THE STILES OEMEALOOT. 

492. Vn. AsAHEL,' born at Benson, Vt, Aug. 12, 1797 ; married 

. Family 73. 

493. Vni. Enoch,' born at Benson, Vt., Sept. 4, 1801 ; died at 

Genoa, 111., unmarried. He was a boot and shoe 
manufacturer. 

494. IX. Clarica,"' bom ; died, unmarried, at Benson, Vt 

FAMILY 38. 

495. Josiah* Stiles, [281], {Zebediah,^ EpJiraim* Ephraim,^ 
John,^ John,^) bom at Pittsfield, Mass., July 3, 1764; married (1) 

Huldah Goodrich; married (2) , who lived about a year after; 

married (3) Nastaussel [Nancy] Koberge, a French woman, from St. 
Johns, N. B., 8B. 18. 

Fix)m his daughter, Mrs. E. S. Miller, of Albany, N. Y., we 
leam that Mr. Stiles received a literal education in New York City, 
where he also mastered the French language. He had previously 
followed the sea for three years, and was engaged in the whale fishery. 
At the time of his third marriage he was esteemed a very wealthy 
man in Quebec, and his appearance was very youthful for his years. 
He was at this time a contractor in wood for the Government, but 
having (through no intentional fault) failed to fulfill the terms of one 
of his heaviest contracts, he forfeited his property and was obliged 
to fly to the United States to escape imprisonment under the law 
regulating Government contracts. He first went to Troy, N. Y., and 
soon after to Schenectady, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits 
and was doing well, when he was burnt out in the " great fire." He 
then moved into the country and taught a district school for many 
yeara in various towns in Montgomery and Saratoga counties. In 
1832, he returned to Schenectady, where he taught school for many 
years. He delighted in teaching, especially in the French language 
and the higher branches of geometry, surveying, trigonometry, etc., 
jmd had the faculty of making his scholars understand whatever they 
learned of him. He was, despite all adverse fortunes, a thorough 
and native gentleman in feeling and conduct, careful in his manuei*s, 
actions and words, evre mindful of the feelings of others, as consid- 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 273 

erate of those of low d^ree as of higher rank; a natural humanitarian 
and well-wisher to his fellow men. Erect and youthful looking for 
his years, his dress bespoke careful attention to the proprieties of 
society, and his children remember especially the ruffled-bosomed 
shirt which he always wore, and the little peculiarities of costume 
which characterized the " gentleman of the olden school." 

Josiah Stiles died at Schenectady, N. T., Dec. 25, 1849. Mrs. 
Nastaussel (Roberge) Stiles, bom in Canada, Dec. 25, 1794, died in 
Jay, Essex Co., N. T., Feb. 12, 1879. 

Children {by first marriage): 

496. I. Mercy.' 

497. n. HuLDAH;' died at 18 years, on eve of being married. 

498. III. Daughteb.'' 
{By second marriage): 

499. IV. Daughter.'' 
{By third marriage): 

500. V. Nancy,' (her mother's name in English), bom in Que- 

bec, July 12, 1814; married William WItherspoon. 
She died in Schenectady, N. T., May 21, 1885. No 
issue. 

501. VI. Experience,' bom in Troy, ^. T., Nov. 30, 1816; mar- 

ried April 8, 1840, WiUiam B. Miller, of Quebec, 
printer. Mrs. Miller is a lady of marked ability, 
and has taken an advanced position in reference to 
the right of woman suffrage — a right which she has 
tested personally at the polls. Ees. (1887), 215 
Central ave., Albany, N. T. Her husband, who died 
1874, lost his right arm and health in the war of the 
Civil Kebellion. Issue : 



274 THE STILES OENEALOOY. 

502. i. Oswald Elizub,^ bom in Schenectady, N. Y., Jan. 10, 

1841 ; a life insurance agent at An Sable Forks, Essex 
Co., N. Y. Has wife and one child. 

503. ii. Blamchs Annette," bom at Frankfort, Herkimer Co., 

N. Y., July 10, 1845; died aged 1 year and 4 months. 

504. iii. Stiles Bubks,^ bom at Jay, Essex Co., N. Y., Sept. 23, 

1849; died, aged 21, April 18, 1871. 

505. VII. Eliza Adelaide,'' bom Florida, Montgomery Co., N. Y., 

August 11, 1821; married Sept. 15, 1850, John R 
Purmolt, Jr., of Jay, Essex Co., N. Y. He died Oct. 
18, 1850. She died in Jay, Essex Co., N. Y., July 
1, 1851. 

506. VIII. JosUH,' lx>m Amsterdam, N. Y., March 4, 1825; was a 

printer; died June 19, 1847, at Jay, N. Y., unmar- 
ried. " A very worthy and industrious young man, 
a compositor on the Atlas for six years, was killed 
in CUnton, Co., by the falling in of a bridge, June 
19, 1847. He was greatly esteemed by all who knew 
him and he never had an enemy." — Albany Knicker- 
bocker. 

507. IX. Benjamin Roberge,' born Boot, Montgomery Co., N. 

Y., Sept. 18, 1828; died at Essex, N. Y., Oct. 21, 
1885, unmarried. 

508. X. Nathan Burdick,' born Florida, Montgomery Co., N. 

Y., July 17, 1831;* died Aug. 2, 1856, at Washing- 
ton, D. C; married Mary Frederick. Family 74. 

FAMILY 39. 

509. Simeon" Stiles, \^^l\ Simeon,^ Ephraim,^ Ephraim,^ 
John^ John^^) bom at Westfield, Mass., Dec. 23, 1757; married 

* One account s&y^ Aug. 2, 1829. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAHHILY. 275 

Enth Austin, (born March 9, 1759), of Suffield, Conn., Aug. 28, 
1783. He removed to Eussell, St. Lawrence Co., N. Y., in 1807, ac- 
cording to Hamilton Childs' History of St. Lawrence Co., who says 
that many of the settlers of Russell were from Blandford, Mass. 

Mr. Simeon Stiles died March 24, 1818. Mrs. Ruth (Austin) 
Stiles died Feb. 9, 1813, ». 56. 

Children {all bom at JVestJieldy Mass,): 

510. I. Mercy,' bom June 22, 1784; married Stephen Kimball, 

Res. (1859) Ceresco, Calhoun Co., Mich. She died 
Sept. 1, 1844. 

511. n. Oliver,' born July 15, 1786; married (1), Laura Jewett ; 

(2), Sarah Ann Jewett. Family 75. 

512. ni. Henry,' bom Dec. 13, 1788; married (1), Eunice 

Alvord; (2), wid. Wealthy Fairchild. Family 76. 

513. IV. Royal,' bom June 26, 1791; married Dorcas Corbin. 

Family 77. 

514. V. Clarissa,' bom May 1, 1793; married Benjamin Gib- 

bons, of Granville, Mass. Had 12 children. Res. 
(1859; Russell, N. Y. 

515. VI. AzENATH,'' bom Aug. 11, 1796; married James Burnett ; 

died 1852. 

516. VII. OziAS,^ bom Dec. 30, 1799; died infant. 

517. Vni. Almira,' born Jan. 15, 1801; married Augustus Smith,* 

of Westfield, Mass. 



* IntentlODB or marriage " were entered in this offloe on the 27 day of Jan., A. D. ih25, and 
notification thereof In the meeting house was duly posted up on the following Sabbath, to 
wit., the 30th day of Jan., A. D, 1825; married Feb. 13, 1825, by Azarlah Moseley, Esq."— >r«£t- 
JUld Records. 



276 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

{Bom in Russell, N. Y.:) 

518. IX. Jerusha,' bom Nov. 23 * 1803; married CoL John 
Hyde, of Barker, N. T., Oct. 15, 1827. In 1859, 
res. at Hyde Settlement, Broome Co., N. T.; a 
widow, no children. 

FAMILY 40. 

519. John* Stiles, [292], (Simeon,^ Ephraim,* Ephraim,^ 
John^ John,^) bom at Westfield, Mass., Feb. 2, 1760; settled at 
Westfield. He married (1), Charity Smith, Nov. 25, 1790; she died 
Dec. 9, 1805, 8b. 42 ; (2), Anna Day, of West Springfield, Mass., Oct. 
28, 1806. She was bom May 31, 1770. 

John Stiles died Nov. 27, 1837. Mrs. Anna (Day) Stiles died 
Feb. 5, 1839, 8b. 69. 

Children {all bom at West/ield, Mass.): 

520. I. Lucy,'' bom Jan. 29, 1792; married (1), Paniel Yeoman, 

Sept., 1807; he died a few weeks after; married (2), 
Justus Loomis, of Westfield, Mass., by whom she 
had seven children. Mrs. Lucy (Stiles) Loomis 
died Sept. 23, 1849, 8B. 57, in Russell, Masa 

521. IL Experience,' bom May 25, 1795; died Aug. 11, 1870, 

in Westfield, unmarried, ae. 75. 

522. ni. Rachel,' bom Oct. 14, 1798; married Oliver Jewett.t 

of Lanesborough, Mass., Jan. 9, 1820. No issue. 

{By second wife): 

523. rV. Anna,' bom Aug. 19, 1807; married George Shepard,t 

* One account says Jan. 13. 

t Intention of marriage entered in Town Clerk's office, Nov. 37. 1819; posted In meeting- 
house Dec. 1, 1819; certitcate Issued Jan. 8, 1820; married byBev. Isaac Knapp, Jan. 9, 1800.— 
WeitJUVi Records, 

X Intention of marriage legally published Sept. 4, 1831 ; certificate issued Sept. 19, 1831. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAHHILY. 277 

of Westfield, Mass.; lived at Eaton Kapids, Mich.; 
died about 1845. 

524. V. John,' bom Jan. 22, 1809; married (1), Martha Church 

(or Clark); (2), Keyes. Family 78. 

525. VI. Simeon,'^ bom April 29, 1811 ; married Ann E. Harmon. 

Family 79. 

FAMILY 41. 

526. Ephraim* Stiles, [293], {Simeon,^ Ephraim* Ephraim,^ 
John^ John,') bora at Westfield, Mass., Nov. 30, 1761; settled at 
Westfield. He married Esther Mosely, June 29, 1787. 

Children; {all bom at Wesffield^ Mass,): 

527. I. Charles,' bom May 18, 1788; married Sophia Stevens. 

Family 80. 

528. n. Lydia,' bom Sept. 25, 1789; married Royal Perkins, 

Sept. 23, 1809. 

529. IIL Pamktja,'^ bom Aug. 2, 1792; married Peter Towns, 

1814, resided 1859, at Maple Grove, Mich. 

530. IV. Chester,' bom March 19, 1793; married « 

Cole, and said to have had one child. The Pension 
Rolls show that in March, 1871, he was residing at 
Battle Creek, Mich., ae. 78 years, and that in July, 
1814, he enlisted at Denmark, Lewis Co., N. Y., 
with Capt. Kellogg, in Col. Carter's N. Y. Militia 
Regiment and was dischai^ed in Aug., 1814. He 
was not, however, a pensioner. 

531. V. Margaret,'' bom Aug. 9, 1794: married Martin Shaw, 

1821; died 1853. 



278 THE STILES eEMEA-LOeY. 

532. VI. Laura,' bom 1796; married Calvin Phelps, 

1814; died 1835. 

533. VII. Maria/ bora 1798 ; married Asa Phelps, 1817; 

died 1831. 

534. VIII. Anna,' bora 1800; married Isaac Bailey, 1820; 

died 1836. 

535. IX. Esther,' bora 1802; married John Downs. 

1828. 

536. X. Julia,' bora 1804; married Daniel Warden, 

1836. 

537. XI. Lavinia,' bora 1806; married Oct 11, 1832, Noah 

Shaw. 

FAMILr 41i. 

538. David " Sti les, [309], ( £7K,' Ephraim,* Ephraim,^ John,^ 
John,^), bora at Hollis, Vt, Oct. 1777; married Mary Towne; 
removed to Northfield, Vt., about 1809. He was a farmer. He 
died at Northfield, March 1839 (probably). 

Children ( ); 

539. I. David,' bora Aug., 1799; married . Family 81. 

540. II. Sally,' bora March, 1801; died Dec., 1823, of con- 

sumption. 

541. III. Alvah,' bora May 9, 1803; married Sally Flmt, . 

Family 82. 

542. IV. Mary,' lx)ra July, 1805; married Alfred Jacobs, of 

Northfield, Vt, about 1836. Mr. Jacobs served in 



THE CONNECTICUT FAHHILY. 279 

the War of the Civil Rebellion, was taken prisoner 
and died in a Confederate prison, Oct. 4, 1864. His 
wife died the same day, at Northfield, of consump- 
tion. They had four chUdren, only one of whom 
(a son, somewhere in Iowa) is now living (1883). 

543. V. Eebecca,' born at Northfield, Vt., April, 1808; mar- 

ried, about 1844, Antoine Duffany,* a French Can- 
adian. She died at Northfield, Vt., Dec., 1864. 
Issue: 

544. i. David S.,^ married Mrs. Cordelia (Sanders) Stiles, widow 

of Charles C. Stiles, of Roxbury, Vt. Mr. D. S. Duf- 
fany was a railroad man until his health failed, when 
he beoame a watchman. He died of consumption. 
Issue : 

1. Fbanklin G.» (Duffany). bom In Pomtret, Vt., March 

81, 1878. 

2. Mart R.» (Duflany), bom In Pomfret, April 28, 1874. 
8. Nellie B.» (Duflany). bom In Pomfret, July 28. 1876. 

545. ii Chablbs,^ married Jennie Perry, of N. Y. 

546. iii. Daughteb,^ died young. 

547. iv. Dauohteb,^ died young. 

548. VI. EAOHEL,'born at Northfield, Vt., 1811; died of con- 
sumption, April, 1850. 

549. VII. Porter,'' bom June, 1816; died Dec., 1823, from an in- 

jury. 

FAMILY 42. 

560. Samuer Stiles, [335], {Capt Asahel,^ Israel,^ John,' 
Johriy^ John? John,^), born at East Windsor, Conn., July 15, 1796; 
received his early education at the district school near his father's 
residence, near present village of Broad Brook, East Windsor, Conn. 

♦ Duphene. 



280 THE STILES OENEALOOY, 

He also passed a term, with his brother, Asahel C., at Monson 
Academy, in 1811. Being a somewhat delicate lad, and not given 
to farm life, he was, in April, 1816, apprenticed to Deacon Abner 
Reed, of E^t (now South) Windsor, Conn., to learn the art and 
mysteries of engraving and copper-plate printing. His industry 
and ability in his apprenticeship is evidenced by the fact that, in 
January, 1821, Mr Reed took him into partnership in the business, 
which was carried on in East Windsor, and in the adjoining city 
of Hartford. Their city office was ** over the store of R. Langton, 
four doors south of Messrs. George Goodwin & Sons, Booksellers, 
Main St.," and the first "specimen plate" of the new firm of Reed 
& Stiles, is dated Dec. 20, 1820. In 1822, the firm was enlarged by 
the admission of another of Mr. Reed's apprentices, and be- 
came Reed, Stiles & Pelton, at Hartford, Conn. February 1, 
1824, we find them advertised as engaged in the getting up of "Por- 
traits, Historical Landsca{)e, Maps, also engravings on Wood, and 
Copper-plate Printing." 

During this time, also, Mr. Stiles was connected with the State 
Militia, in the same Cavalry regiment with his brother, Asahel 
Chapin Stiles. His first commission, as Corporal, in the Second 
Company, First Regiment of Connecticut Cavalry, was from CoL 
John Collins, under date of May 26, 1823; Commisson as Sergeant, 
from the sam§, Sept. 16, 1823. 

In 1824 (September) he left Hartford, and entered into a 
partnership with Mr. Vistus Balch, in the then village of 
Utica, N. Y. On this trip, the first time he had ever been so far 
from home, he was a fellow-traveler upon the same steamboat which 
conveyed Gen. Lafayette from Hartford to New York, and had the 
pleasure of seeing and conversing with that illustrious friend of 
American independence. The establishment of a bank note en- 
graving concern, in such a Western frontier settlement as Utica 
then was, was a bold enterprise. The firm of V. Balch & S. Stiles, 
was located on the comer of Broad and John streets, and soon com- 
manded a fair business from the banks of New York State, and from 
other sources. 

In June, 1825, Mr. Stiles married a daughter of his old em- 
ployer and partner, Deacon Reed; and his partner, Mr. Balch, in 




SAMUEL STILES. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 281 

1826, removed to New York City, where early in 1828 Mr. Stiles 
followed him, his health being seriously threatened by the climate 
of Utica. His first business location was at No. 4 Wall street; then, 
(1829,) in the old Merchants' Exchange, in Wall street, where he was 
burned out in the great fire of 1832, removing to an oflSce at 16 
Spruce, corner of Nassau street, in the Tract Society's (then) new 
building. From 1833 to 1835 the firm was S. Stiles & Co., En- 
gravers and Map Publishers (J. H. Colton being the " Co."), at 9 
Wall and 34 Merchants' Exchange ; in 1836 at 4 Spruce street, and 
in 1837 he took Geo. E. Sherman and Colin Smith into partnership, 
imder the firm name of S. Stiles, Sherman & Smith, and business 
for two years was carried on at the southwest comer of (No. 89) 
Nassau and Fulton streets (more lately known as the Sun Building), 
whence they moved in 1839 to 122 Broadway, opposite the old City 
Hotel. Jan. 1, 1840, this firm dissolved, and Mr. Stiles took desk- 
room with Mr. J. H. Colton, 45 Merchants' Exchange, Wall street, 
but on May 1, 1841, he became the general business man of the firm 
of Danforth, Ball & Co,* Bank Note Engravers, at 34 Wall street, 
which ultimately became merged into the American Bank Note 
Company. 

When the National Bank Note Co., of New York City, was 
organized, in Nov. 1859, Mr. Stiles was one of the incorporators, and 
was appointed its Treasurer, which position he held until his death, 
in 1861. 

In April, 1856, he removed from New York City to Brooklyn, 
and purchased a very pleasant property upon Clinton avenue, near 
Lafayette avenue, where he resided until failing health, in April, 
1859, obliged him to return again to New York, where he died, April 
3, 1861, at No. 15 Carroll Place, Bleecker street. 

Wliile a resident of Utica, N. Y., Mr. Stiles came, under the 
preaching of the Kev. Mr. Finney, a celebrated revivalist, to a full 
acceptance of the atonement offered by Christ. Soon after (certainly 
by April 1, 1830,) his removal to New York City he and his wife be- 
came members of the Union Presbyterian Church (under the pastoi-al 



* And Underhlll, Ball k Hufty. In Philadelphia. 



282 TH£ STILES GEMEJiLOGY. 

care of Rev. Mr. Finney), and of which soon after he was elected, 
ordained and installed a ruling Elder. March 28, 1836, he and his 
wife were received, by letter, into the membership of the Spring 
Street Presbyterian Church, and, on the 5th of April, following, he 
jvas unanimously nominated by the Session of the Church to the 
Eldership, and, on Sabbath, June 19, 1836, was duly installed as a 
niling Elder, taking his seat as such in the Session for the first time 
on July 26. This oflice he held until June 9, 1852, when, together 
with his wife, he received a letter of dismission to the Thirteenth 
Street Presbyterian Church, into which church they were received 
Nov. 3, 1852.* After his removal to Brooklyn, in the Spring of 1856, 
they ufiited with the Clinton Avenue Congregational Church, then 
under the pastorship of Rev. Wm. Ives Budington, D. D. 

In politics, Mr. Stiles was a Clinton Whig, and afterwards a 
Republican. 

Mr. Samuel Stiles married Charlotte Sophia (daughter of Dea- 
con Abner) Reed, of East (now South) Windsor, Conn., June 12, 
1825. Mrs. Charlotte Sophia (Reed) Stiles died at Piermont, Rock- 
land Co., N. Y., June 9, 1869, 8b. 65 years. Both are buried in 
Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Children : 

551. I. Henry Reed,^ A. M. M. D., bom at 478 Broome street, 

New York City, March 10, 1832; married Sarah A. 
Woodward. Family 83. 

552. n. Arthub Chapin,^ bom at South Windsor, Conn., Aug. 

22,1837; died Jan. 8. 1838. 

553. III. William Loring,^ bom 'at 171^ Spring street, New 

York City, April 11, 1839; married Mary F. Lam- 
bert. Family 84. 

554. rV. Samuel Edward,^ M. D., bom at 171^ Spring street, 

New York City, Aug. 26, 1844; married Maud 
Liddell. Family 85. 



* From Records of Spring Street Church, furnished by E. D. Jennlng, Clerk of Seeslon, 1885. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 283 

555. V. Charlotte Elizabeth,^ bom at 171^ Spring street, 
New York City, Feb. 24, 1847; resides at Piermont, 
Rockland Co., N. Y.; unmarried. 

FAMILY 43. 

556. Ezra' Stiles, A. M., [336], (Capt Asaheh^ Israel,'' 
Johuy* John^ John^ John,^) bom at East Windsor, Conn., July 19, 
1796; was educated at the District School, near his father's resi- 
dence (present village of Broad Brook), in East Windsor ; continued 
his studies with his brother, Samuel, at Monson (Mass.) Academy, 
and entered Yale College. After his graduation, in 1819, he enter- 
tained the wish of preparing for the ministry, but with this design 
other matters interfered. He then taught a grammar school at Hart- * 
ford, Conn., for a year; then went to Springfield, Mass., where, for 
some time, he conducted a similar school. He then taught for two 
or three years at Scantic (East Windsor), and from thence removed 
with his wife and child to Athens, Pa., where he conducted an acad- 
emy for three years. His health becoming impaired, he then went 
upon a farm at Stockbridge, N. Y., and afterwards conducted a store, 
which was connected with the firm of Leonard Bradley & Co., of 
Syracuse, N. Y., stone quarriers, and which did a large business with 
their employees. Upon the failure of this company he entered into 
the marble-quarrying business, upon his own account. His place of 
business was upon Geneva street, Syracuse, and his residence, at the 
same time, was on the same street, a little east of the depot, on a 
block now entirely covered with business buildings, and in the best 
part of the city. 

Mr. Stiles became a member of the First Congregational Church, 
of East Windsor, in 1817; was dismissed by letter, and during his 
residence in Syracuse, was a member of the First Presbyterian 
Church, of that place, and an earnest teacher in its Sabbath School. 
In politics he was one of the earliest " Liberty Party." 

In personal appearance he was prepossessing, having dark hair 
and eyes, and a high, smooth forehead. The estimation in which 
he was held by his friends and fellow townsmen was fitly expressed 
in the following obituary notice which appeared in the Syracuse 
Democratic FreemaUy of April 12, 1844 : 



284 THE STILES GENEALOOY. 

" Died, at his residence, in this village, on Sunday morning, the 
7th insi, Ezra Stiles, sb. 44 years. He was born in East Windsor, 
Conn., came to this place eight years ago, and was one of the first 
and firmest Abolitionists in the village and county. Firm and un- 
daunted, amid discouragement and violent opposition, he has shown 
that devotion to this and every other good cause, which endeared 
him to the friends of Christian reform, and left an influence behind 
him that will be imperishable. He was a Christian of no ordinary 
mould. To him the serving of Gk>d was not a mere empty show. 
The high claims of God were allowed to enter into his first and most 
earnest devotions. The endorsement of mere theories of truth and 
righteousness did not satisfy his conceptions of obligation to God or 
man. His life was made the practicflJ demonstration of that faith 
and love which dwelt in him." 

Mr. Ezra Stiles married Anna (daughter of David and Mary 
Clark) Spear, of ElUngton, Conn., Nov. 27, 1823. He died at Syra- 
cuse, N. T., April 7, 1844. His widow died August 25, 1889, at 
Shady Shore, Oswego, N. Y. 

Children : 

557. I. Frances A. Bradford,^ born at East Windsor, Conn., 

April 9, 1826; married Prof. Edward A. Sheldon, 
Principal of the State Normal School, at Oswego, 
N.Y., May 16, 1849. Issue {all born in Oswego, N, Y.) : 

558. i. Maby Downing, » born Sept. 15, 1850; graduated Oswego 

Normal School, 1869, entered Michigan University as 
Sophomore, and graduated 1874; Teacher of History 
in Oswego Normal School until Jan., 1877; then be- 
came Professor of History at Welleslej^ College, near 
Boston, Mass., which she resigned, June 1879. In 
Aug., 1880, travelled in Europe for a year, and studied 
for a year in Modern History, at the University of 
Cambridge, England, under Prof. J. R. Seeley. In 
1885, she published "Studies in General History," a 
work of great value, and is now preparing a similar 
work on United States History. Aug., 1885, married 
Earl (son of James and Minerva A. Myern) Barnes, 
bom at Martville, Cayuga Co , N. Y. ; graduated Os- 
wego State Normal School; taught at Hoboken, N. J. ; 
is now (1889) Prof, of History at Indiana State Uni- 
versity, Bloomington, Ind: issue, b. June 11, 1887. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAHHILY. ^85 

359. ii. Charles Stiles,' born August 7, 1855; educated in 

the Oswego Public Schools; graduated Oswego 
Normal School 1875, after a five years' course, during 
which time, being much given to the pursuit of 
natural history, he became engaged in securing and 
preparing a set of the birds of Oswego for the use of the 
Normal School, which led him into a wider acquaint- 
ance with and love for all other departments of 
natural history. After his graduation he occupied 
for some time a position in the State Museum of 
natural history, at Albany, N. Y., where (during nine 
months) he handled, re-arreinged, and labeled over 
100,000 specimens. In the Spring of 1876, he tem- 
porarily entered the office of the U. S. Census, at 
Albany, remaining during the summer; and, in the 
Autumn, entered the Natural History courae at Cor- 
nell University, and, in the Spring of 1877, developed 
that taste for botanical study which is now his 
specialty. In June, 1880, he took a clerkship in the 
U. S. Census Department, at Washington, D. C, 
where he soon after was promoted to be Section Clerk, 
having charge of over 100 clerks. In Aug., 1881, he 
became Principal of the Public School at Alexandria 
Bay, N. Y., and during the two ensuing years (1882 
and 1883) taught the children of a few wealthy citi- 
zens of that village, in which he was assisted by his 
wife, Miss Helen A. Buck, of Watkins, N. Y., whom 
he married, Aug. 24, 1882. In the Autumn of 1883. 
he accepted the position of Professor of Natural 
Sciences in the North Missouri State Normal School, 
at Kirksville, Mo., where he now (1889) resides. 

Mrs. Helen Alberton (Buck) Sheldon, (daughter of 
Benjamin F. and Mary A.) was born at Bentley Creek, 
Bradford Co., Pa., educated at the graded schools 
and Academy, at Watkins, N. Y. ; entered Cornell 
University Sept., 1876; graduated from the Science 
and Letters course June, 1880. /s*ue, (1) daughter 
(still-born) at Alexandria Bay, N. Y. ; (2) Paul, born 
Sept. 14, 1886. 

560. iii. Frances Elizabeth.^ bom April 12, 1857; after nine 

years' study in the Oswego public graded schools 
graduated from the High School into the State Normal 
School, where she studied three and a half years in 
the Classical Course, graduating at the age of 18, in 
1875. She then taught language subjects for a year in 
the High School Department of the Avery Institute 



286 TH£ STIL£S G£N£ALOGr. 

for Colored People, at Charleston, 8. C, and in 1876 
entered Cornell University, in the courses of Classics 
and Literature, At the end of the first term she was 
called home ,to take the place of her eldest sister, 
Mary, in the Normal School, at Oswego, N. Y., as 
teacher of Latin and Greek, in which work she con- 
tinued from Jan., 1876, untilJuly, 1879. In Fall, 1879, 
she returned to Cornell University for a year's study 
in Sciences, Languages and History, and Aug., 1880, 
went to England, where she spent a large part of the 
next three years, studying at Oxford. Here she en- 
tered the lists in one of the Honor Courses for Women, 
giving her attention to language subjects in general, 
but making a specialty of English Literature and 
Philology. At the end of the term she took a first- 
class honor certificate of examination, under the 
auspices of Oxford University. Meanwhile she 
travelled in England and the Continent, spending five 
months in Germany, studying its language and litera- 
ture. Upon her return to America, in 1883, she ac- 
cepted a position as teacher of Snglinh Composition 
and Giammar in the private school instituted by Mr. 
Quincy Shaw, at Boston, Mass. In the Summer of 
1884 she studied under Mrs Henrietta Crane, the 
Delsartian, and in Autumn of the same year accepted 
her present position, in the Omaha High School, 
Omaha, Kansns, where she has the direction and per- 
sonal supervision of the English Composition work. 
Her intention is to make Literature and Composition, 
together with Philological study and instruction, her 
main work in future; m. Aug. 7, 1888, James Cary (s. 
of Rev. Harvey) Ailing; Res. Chicago, 111. 

561. iv. Anna Bradford,' born May 18, 1861; graduated from the 

Advanced Course of the Oswego Normal School in 
June, 1881; taught a year at Mrs. Shaw's private 
School, in Boston, Mass.; entered Syracuse (N. Y.) 
University, in the Music Course, iu Autumn of 1882, 
and graduated, June 1885; m. April 6, 1887, Lewis 
Marvin (of B. J. C. and Elisabeth R. Gaylord) Howe, 
b. Syracuse, N'.'Y., June 29, 1804; Res. Indianapolis, 
Ind. Issue: (1) Frances Elisabeth, b. Feb. 12, 1888; (2) 
Georgiana Gaylord, b. July 21, 1889. 

562. v. Laura Austin,* born July 15, 1867; spent a year at Syra- 

cuse University, 1882-3, (music,) and is now in Oswego 
Normal School. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMUf. 287 

563. n. Charles Worcesteb Chapin,^ bom at East Windsor, 
Conn., June 28, 1828; died at Syracuse, N. ¥., Oct. 
10, 1842, 

FAMILY 44. 

564. Dr. Samuer Stiles, [340], {John,' Israel,' John,' 
John,^ John^ Jo/m,') bom at Sudbury, Vt, Feb. 2, 1791; studied medi- 
cine, and was a favorite pupil with Dr. Theodore Woodward, an 
eminent physician of Castleton, Vermont; and is said to have served, 
during his student period, as an Assistant Surgeon in the United 
States Volunteer force, in the War of 1812. In 1816 he received 
tjjiis license, and set forth to select a place where he might enter upon 
the practice of his profession, bearing with him the following cre- 
dentials : 

Vkbmont, Castleton, September 21, 1816. 

Being informed that Doctor Samuel Stiles of this place is preparing to travel 
to some distant part of the country, to find some suitable situation for his profession 
as a Physician, the undersigned would recommend him to the friendly notice of all 
our acquaintance, as well as of Strangers. Doctor Stiles has resided in this town 
for two or three years last past, and has invariably supported the best reputation 
for the propriety of his moral conduct, & the unremitted attention to his studies. 
We can, therefore, cheerfully recommend him for his integrity and talents, as 
a young gentleman on whom the greatest confidence may be placed. 

R. C. Malloby, Stat. & Surg., 
Theodore Woodwabd, 
Isaac Glabk, Late 

Col. United States Army, 
R. Temple, 

Clk. Sup. Court. 

Dr. Stiles found the looked-for opening at Argyle, Washington 
County, N. Y., receiving (on due examination) the following license 
from the Medical Society of that County : 

To Whom it inay Concern^ tJiese may Certify, 

That Doctor Samuel Stiles is a moral man of real merit, of much medical and 
surgical knowledge acquired by industry and close application. 

He was for the term of three years under the tuition of Doctor Woodward an 
eminent physician and surgeon in Vermont. He has passed an excellent examina- 
tion in Anatomy, Surgery, the Theory and Practice of Medicine, Chemistry and 
Materia Medica, before the Censors of the Washington Medical Society, in which 



288 ^^^ STILES GENEALOGY. 

examination he evinced a clear mind, a correct judgment, and accurate knowledge 
of the cause, 83rmptom8 and best means of treatiog those diseases which fall under 
the care of both physicians and surgeon. 

Him, therefore, we cheerfully recommend as richly deserving the patronage 
of those who regard the health, lives and happiness of their fellow-creatures. 

Argyle, March 30, 1817. • 

Zbbulon Rood, 
Richard Sill, 

Censors of the Washington Medical Society. 

This license (printed) with a seal bearing the profile and bust 
of Washington, is dated April 2, 1817, and is signed by Asa Fitch, 
President^ and Archibald McAllister, Sed. 

Dr. Stiles was also, while residing in Vermont, a Master Mason 
in Washington Lodge, No. 21, F. & A. M., in the town of Brandon. 
His diploma of membership in that Lodge, dated Nov. 14, 1815, is 
signed by Ebenezer Child, Master; Ben. Whitman, S. W.; Dan. 
Farrington, J. W.; Chester Goss, Sec, His demit from said lodge, 
is dated Sept. 4, 1816, and signed by Roger Fuller, Sec. pro, tern. 
Dr. Stiles' Masonic apron, a curious specimen of the "clothing" 
worn by members of the craft at that time, is now a treasured relic 
in the possession of Dr. Henry R. Stiles, the compiler of this 
Genealogy. 

Dr. Stiles removed from Arg}'le to Queensbury, N» Y., in 1818, 
and thence, in 1820, to Fort Ann, N. Y. 

Dr. Samuel Stiles married Louisa (daughter of Thomas and 
Margaret Beckwith) Lamb, of Fort Miller, N. Y., Feb. 2, 1817. He 
died at Fort Ann, N. Y., April 22, 1823, sb. 32 yeare, 2 months, 20 
days, and was buried at Kingsbury, N. Y. His widow (born March 
2, 1796), died August 28, 1874. 

Children : 

565. I. CiNCiNNATUS Woodward,'' born at Fort Miller, N. Y., 
Sept. 21, 1818; was a carriage-maker, an excellent 
mechanic, and a man of amiable disposition and 
social qualities. He died, unmarried, at Fort 
Miller, N. Y., May 22, 1859. 



THE CONNECTiCUT FAMtLY, 289 

5(i6. 11. Mabgaueitus Chamberlain,^ bom at Ft. Ann, N. Y., 
Dec. 12, 1820; married April 2, 1838, Isaa^ M. 
Guy, who was born Sept. 13, 1819, at Kingsbury, 
N. Y. They removed to Glenn's Falls in 1852, and 
in 1853 to Castleton, Vt., where Mr. G. was agent 
of the K. K ; afterward was Cashier of the National 
Bank of Castleton for nine years; and for eleven 
years Cashier (also a director) of the Merchants' 
National Bank, at Whitehall, N. Y., of which he 
is now (1889) Vice-Pres. and General Manager. 
The family, since 1873, has resided in Sandy 
Hill, N. Y. 

Issue : 

567. i. Mary Louise,® born Nov. 13, 1841; graduated at North 

Granville Ladies' Seminary in 1859; married June 15, 
1882, Frank L. Plero, M. D., who was bom March 2, 
1850, in Turin, Italy, of French and Italian parents, 
educated at a private college in Paris, attended the 
Royal Academy in Turin for 3 years, entered the U. 
S. Army in 1862, was Assistjint Surgeon Third Arkansas 
Cavalry Volunteers, with rank of First Lieutenant, 
was mustered out July, 1865; studied medicine at the 
Bellevue Medical College, N. Y. City, and the Medical 
School of the University of Vermont, from which he 
graduated April, 1866, practiced for nine years near 
St. Louis, Mo., then went to Chicago, 111., June 4, 
1874, where he has established himself in a very suc- 
cessful practice in throat and head xliseases, and is 
now (1889) President of the American Oxygen Com- 
pany, Chicago, 111. Children (by a former marriage) : 

(1) Nellie, born Feb. 22, 1875. By secoTid marriage : 

(2) Mary Louise, born May 9, 1884, died May 23, 
1884. 

668. ii. Julia Ababella,» bom Feb. 6, 1848; Dec. 30, 1874, mar- 

ried Ross Wilson, M. D., who was born Nov. 2, 1847, 
at Whitehall, N. Y. ; graduated Albany Medical College 
1870; resides (1889) Sandy Hill, N. Y. No issue. 

569. III. Margaret Beckwith, born at Fort Anu, N. Y., Dec. 17, 
1822 ; cUed June 9, 1823. 



290 TH£ STILES G£/9£ML0Gr. 

FAMILY 45. 

570. Hosea^ Stiles, [341], (John,^ Israel,^ John,' John,'' John,^ 

John,^), born, , at ; married Nelson. Brandon 

(Vt.) Town Records show that he purchased lands from Samuel 
Stiles and Samuel Warren. He died at Sudbury, Vt. , 1821. 

Children : 

571. I. Louise.^ 

572. n. Adaline.' 

FAMILY 46. 

573. Benoni^ Stiles, [348], {Benoni,^ Israel,^ John,' John,^ 
John^ Jb/iit,*)born October 5, 1789, at East Windsor, Conn., and in- 
herited his uncle Samuel's [189] property. He married Esther 
(daughter of John) Morton, of East Windsor, Conn., where he died, 
Sept. 21, 1828. Mrs. Esther (Morton) Stiles died at East Windsor, 
Dec. 5, 1839. 

Children : 

574. I. Samuel,^ bom Aug. 26, 1814; married (1), Roxy Skin- 

ner, March 4, 1840; (2), AnnBowei-s, Dec. 10, 1843. 
Family 87. 

575. II. John M.,' bom Jan. 11, 1818; married Dec. 14, 1843, 

Julia Ann Gowdy. Family 88. 

576. III. Esther Jennette,^ bom March 23, 1822; married July 

11, 1843, Evelyn R (son of Jonathan) Pitkin, far- 
mer, of South Windsor, Conn. 

Children {born at South Windsor): 

577. i. EsTHEB MiLRiA,^ bom April 25, 1844. 



TH£ COHMECTICUT FMMUr. 291 

578. ii. Sabah Janb,» born June 19, 1848; married John Edward, 

(son of John Alden) Collins, of Wapping, South Wind- 
sor, Jan. 9, 1873. Farmer. Children: (1) Edward 
Pitkin, bom Dec. 4, 1873; (2) Harriet Esther, bom 
Dec. 26, 1874, and died Feb. 7, 1875; (3) John Alden, 
bom Dec. 19, 1877; (4) Eva Louise, born Feb. 2, 
1881. 

579. iii. Hbnbt Evelyn,* born Oct 12, 1850; married Melissa 

Amanda Loomis, of South Windsor, Nov. 5, 1876. 
Farmer.. Children (bom at South Windsor, Conn,) : (1) 
Mabel, born Dec. 22, 1879; (2) Olive Loomis, bom 
May 19, 1884. 

580. iv. Elizabbth Ann/ born August 13, 1854; married John G. 

Stoughton (son of Henry C), of Wapping, South 
Windsor, Conn., May 5, 1874. Merchant and Post- 
master at Wapping. Children (bom in South Windsor) : 
(1) John Evelyn, bom Aug. 2, 1875; (2) Erwin Fitch, 
born April 13, 1879. 

581. V. Waldbn Stih»,« bom July 7, 1857; died Oct. 12, 1875. 

582. vi. Ella Clabinda,* born April 16, 1860. 

583. vii. HiBBiBTT Jennkttb,' born Jan. 19, 1864. 

FAMILY 47. 

584. Israel "^ Stiles, [354], {Benoni,^ Israel,^ John,^ John,^ 
John^ John,^) born April 27, 1798, at East Windsor, Conn., where he 
lived, a farmer, near the present village of Broad Brook. He mai'- 
ried Eunice M. Avery, Nov. 15, 1836, and died Jan. 25, 1861, ae. 62. 
His widow still resides on the homestead. She became a member of 
the First Congregational Church, of East Windsor, Conn., by letter, 
in 1837. 

Children {all bom at East Windsor ^ Coim,) : 

585. I. Hannah M.,^ bom Nov. 13, 1837; died, unmarried, Nov. 
26, 1882. She was admitted to the membership of 
the First Congregational Church, of East Windsor, 
Conn., on profession, in 1857; but subsequently be- 



292 '^ME STILES GENEALOGY. 

came a mem1>er of the Communion of the Church 
Catholic, known as " CathoUc Aix)stolic/* worship- 
uig at Enfield, Conn. 

586. 11. Mary E.,« born July 28, 1839; died July 11, 1865, m. 

26; unmarried. She became a member, on profes- 
sion, of tlie First Congregational Church of East 
Windsor, Conn. 

587. m. Chloe ANN,«bom April 3,1841; married April 25, 

1860, John (son of Deacon Azel) Roe, farmer, of 
East Windsor, Conn., born March 20, 1833. Mr. 
Roe served in the Twenty-fifth Connecticut Volun- 
teers during the war of the Civil Rebellion, as 
private. Mrs. Chloe A. (Stiles) Roe was a member 
of the First Congiegational Cliurch of East Wind- 
sor, Conn., by confession oL faith, in 1855. Mrs. 
Chloe (Stiles) Roe died at Eiist Windsor, Dec. 24, 
1879. LsHue : 

588. i. Alice Stile8,» born Feb. 13, 1861. 

589. ii. KoBBRT Babtlett," bom Jane 21, 1864; married July 

12, 1888, Louise Horton (daughter of Charles K. and 
Adelaide Horton) Dabney, of Brooklyn, N. Y. Issue: 
Robert Bartlett, bom July 24, 1889. 

590. iii. Edwabd Stevens,* bom Sept. 11, 1873. 



591. IV. Israel Harper,^ bom May 9, 1813; married Hannah 

Stoughton. Family 89. 

592. V. Catharine,' born July 20, 1848; married June 4, 1872, 

George (son of George and L. Elizabeth Phelps) 
Watson, born Jan. 21, 1848, of Suffield, Conn.; now 
resides near Warehouse Point, East Windsor. Mrs. 
Catharine (Stiles) Watson became a member, on 
profession, of the First Congregationtd Church, in 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 293 

East Windsor, Conn., in 1864, but subsequently be- 
came a member of the Communion of the Church 
Catholic, known as " Catholic Apostolic," worship- 
ing at Enfield, Conn. Issue : 

5^3. i. Geoboe Israel, 9 born May 4, 1873. 

694* ii. Abthub,» born August 27, 1875; died £e. 1 day. 

595. iii. MiBiAM,» bom Oct. 23, 1880. 

596. iv. ,9 bom and died 1884. 

596V^. V. Eva Cathabine,9 bom Feb. 14, 1889. 

597. VI. Eveline Avehy,** bom Sept. 23, 1846; married May 27, 

1869, George Hjuskell (son of Oliver M. and Miranda 
AVarner) Nelson, of Windsor Locks, Conn., born 
Jan. 17, 1843. Mr. Nelson was a member of the 
25th Connecticut Regiment (9 months) Volunteers, 
under Col. Geo. P. Bissell, "participated in the battle 
of Irish Bend, La., was in all the marches previous 
to and during tlie 46 days' siege of Port Hudson, in- 
cluding the charges on the earth- works, the 27th of 
May and 14th of June, in the latter of which he 
was wounded on the head. He performed all his 
duties with cheerfulness and great courage." 
Mrs. Eveline A. (Stiles) Nelson became a member, on 
profession, of the First Congregational Church of 
East Windsor, Conn., in 1861. Issue : 

598. 1. Maby Elizabeth,^ bom in East Windsor, Conn,, July 7, 

1871. 

FAMILY 48. 

599. James Harper Stiles, [356], {Benoni,^ Israel,^ John,* 
John,^ John^ John,^) bom at East Windsor, Sept. 12, 1804; was a 
farmer. He married Marilla M. Skinner, of Wapping, May 11, 
1836. He died at East Windsor April 4, 1842. 



294 TH£ STILES GENBALOGT. 

Child {Jxyt-n at East Windsor) : 

600. I. James Benoni,* bom Sept 24, 1837; married Emily E. 
Thompson. Family 90. 

FAMILY 49. 

601. IsaaC^ Stiles, [383], {Isaac Clark,* Rev. Isaac,^ Rev. 
Isaac,* John^ John,^ John,^) bom Aug. 2, 1792, at North Haven, 
Conn.; married Nov. 28, 1815, Lois (daughter of Justus and Lois) 
Cooper, bom at North Haven March 31, 1792. He was a farmer 
and brick manufacturer; held all the important offices in his town; 
represented it in the Lower House of the General Assembly 1831 ; 
was Justice of the Peace and Postmaster for a number of years, and 
altogether was a prominent and useful citizen. He was an Episco- 
palian, and for many years a Warden. Mr. Isaac Stiles died at 
North Haven, Conn., Feb. 4, 1842. Mrs. Lois (Cooper) Stiles died 
at North Haven Dec. 31, 1872. 

Children {born at North Haven, Conn.) : 

602. L Sterung,^ bora Dec. 30, 1816; died Jan. 24, 1818. 

603. IE. Isaac Lorenzo,^ born June 28, 1819; married Sophonia 

M. Blaksleei. Family 91. 

604. III. Lois Delight,® bom Sept. 10, 1821; married June 12, 

1842, John William (son of Elijah and Nancy) Hull, 
of North Haven. Issue {all born in North Haven) : 

(»05. i. Catherine M.,» born March 28, 1844. 

006 ii. EuNicB,« bom August 14, 1847; died Oct. 22, 1883. 

007. iii. Elizabeth, • bom Nov. 4, 1853; married Geo. W. 

• Talmadge, of Northford, Conn., Sept. 26, 1877. 
Resided in (1880) North Haven, Conn. Children : 

1. ALICE, >o bom Sept. 30, 1879. 

2. Lillian, »» born March 11, 1884. 



THE CONNECTICUT FMMiLY. 295 

608. iv. John Stilks,* born Oct 23, 1855; married Murtba John- 

son, of Northford, Conn., Dec. 19, 1880. Children: 

1. Minnie, >• born Feb. 12, 1882. 

2. John Hobabt.^^ bom Deo. 26. 1883. 

609. IV. Henry Hobart,^ bom Oct. 4, 1824; married Sai-ali J. 

Heaton. Family 92. 

610. V. Edward C.,« bom Feb. 16, 1827; died Aug. 30, 1832. 

611. VI. WiLUAM Hubbard,^ bom April 17, 1830; died Sept. 

16, 1832. 

FAMILY 50. 

612. Zophar'' Stiles, [385], {Isaac Clark,'' IsaacJ" Rev. 
haxic^ John^ John^ John,^) bom Aug. 24, 1799, at North Haven, 
Conn. ; Nov. 15, 1826, married Caroline (daughter of Lebbeus and 
Nancy; Kelsey, bom April 10, 1806. He was a storekeeper and 
farmer. He died Sept 2, 1843. She died Jan. 31, 1873. 

Children {bom at North Haven, Conn.) : 

613. I. Margaret Elizabeth,^ bom Aug. 31, 1827; married 

Rowe Stiles Bradley, of North Haven, Conn., Aug. 
27, 1856. Children: 

613a. i. ELLi. Stile8,» bom Feb. 24, 18B0; died March 31, 1871. 

6136. • ii. Annb Rowk,* bom Dec. 5, 1861. 

613c. iii. HoMEB Stilb8,» bom May 26, 1863. 

613(i. iv. Clara Edith,» bom Nov.-25, 1865. 

614. II. Caroline Lucina,^ bom Sept. 30, 1830; married Smith 

L. Terrell, of Ma on, Ga., March 28, 1847; resided 
(1886) Atlanta Ga. 



296 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

615. HI. HoiucE Edward/ born Juue 18,1833; died Nov. 19, 

1834. 

616. IV. Sarah Maria,' born Sept. 5, 1836, married Dec. 18, 1868, 

Frederic C. Vinton; residence (1886), New Haven, 
Conn. Child : 

617. i. Ernest,' born May 3, 1872. 

FAMILY 51. 

618. Horace' Stiles, [386], {haac Clark,'' Isaac,'' Rev, 
Isaac,^ John,^ John^ Jolin,^) born May 31, 1801, at North Haven, 
Conn.; married (1) Harriet (daughter of Joshua and Rebecca) 
Thorpe, Sept. 26, 1826, who died in 1833; married (2) Loid (daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Susan) Pierpout, Nov. 9, 1834. Manufacturer. 
He represented North Haven in the State Legislature in 1837 and 
1838, and held many town offices. He died Jan. 6, 1840. 

Children {born at North Haven, Conn.) : 

H19. I. Harriet Elizabeth Byron Brooks,^ born Oct. 22, 1829; 
married Robert W. Smith, April 16, 1851. 

620. 11. Charlotfe Pieupont,^ born Aug. 16, 1838; married 

Andrew F. Austin. 

621. IIL Vernon Clark,' bom Feb. 28, 1837; unmarried. 

FAMILY 52. 

622. Ezra' Stiles, [387], {Isaac Clark; Isaac,^ Rev, Isaac,' 
John^ John^ John,^) born at North Haven, Conn., July 26, 1804; 
married (1) Esther (daughter of Daniel and Esther) Pierpout, April 
30, 1829, who died Sept. 26, 1836; married (2) Mary (daughter of 
John and Nancy) Bristol, May 12, 1837, who died 1853; married 
(3) Frances Elizabeth (daughter of Hezekiah and Betsy) Johnson, 
April 19, 1854; she was born Juno 18, 1828. He was a member of 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 297 

the State Legislature in 1845, and a State Senator in 1846; has held 
the offices of Selectman, Town Treasurer, Town Clerk, Justice of the 
Peace and Judge of Probate, and Warden and Clerk of St. John's P. 
E. Parish for over 30 years. 

Children {by first wife) born at North Hai^en, Conn. : 

623. I. Charles William,^ born Feb. 3, 1833; died Aug. 7, 

1840. 

624. II. Esther Josephine,^ bom March 22, 1836; died Sept. 

27, 1836. 

{By second wife): 

625. III. Charles Romaine,« bom Oct. 6, 1840; died May 13, 

1841. 

626. rV. Ezra Leander,^ born May 6, 1844; prepared for Yale 

College, but entered the service of the Union in the 
Civil War; at its end he became a teacher of the 
Eectory School at Hamden, Conn., and afterwards 
served in office of the Adjutant- General of the State 
^ for eight years. Unmarried. 

(By third wife) : 

627. V. Charles Herbert,^ bom Oct. 9, 1855; died Oct 23, 

1861. 

FAMILY 53. 

628. Hervey^ Stiles, [388], {Isaac Clark,^ Isaac,^ Rev. Isaac,* 

John,^ John^ John,^) bom at , May 22, 1809; married Emily 

(daughter of Oliver and Betsy) Todd, Oct. 20, 1832. He held vari- 
ous offices in the town, and was Representative in the State Legis- 
lature. He died Jan. 9, 1863. She was bom Feb. 15, 1805. 



298 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

Children : 

629. I. William Hervey,* born Aug. 20, 1833; married (1) 

Lizzie S , 1863; (2) Joanna . He died 

Oct. 4, 1875. 

630. XL Emily AmandV bom Nov. 17, 1835; died Dec., 1836. 

631. III. George Wallace,^ bom Aug. 1, 1838; manied Mary 

Elizabeth Way. Family 93. 

632. IV. Edward,^ bom April, 1841; died Dec. 17, 1850. 

633. V. Ellen Amanda,® bom Nov. 26, 1844; married Jan. 6, 

1864, Henry B. Hartley; died Nov. 26, 1869. Issue: 

634. i. Hebybt Bkbnabd,» bom Feb. 8, 1865; died Aug. 31, 1866. 

635. ii. Bbrtha Ellkn,» born Feb. 24, 1866. 

FAMILY 54. 

636. Henry'' Stiles, [406], {Samuel,^ Ashbel,"^ liev. Isaac* 

John,^ John^ John,^) married (1) Cynthia Davis, (2) . He 

died in Ohio. t 

Children : 



637. 


L 


Jerome.* 




638. 


n. 


Perry.' 




639. 


III. 


Cynthia." 


FAMILY 55. 



640. Benjamin'^ Stiles, [408], {Samtiel,^ AslJbel,^ Rev. Isaac,* 
John^ John,^ John,^) bom at Chester, Mass., Aug. 3, 1799 ; married 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 299 

Mehitable Booth, of Granville, Mass. She was the daughter of 
Nathan and Fanny Booth ; was bom Jan. 13, 1790, and baptized 
April 6, 1794.* 

Children : 

641. I. Frances,^ ; married Buckingham; died 

soon after. 

642. n. Delia,® ; died at age of twelve years. 

643. III. Laura,® ; married Hatch. 



644. IV. Martha.® 



FAMILY 56. 



645. Hylas'' Stiles, [416], (Jb6,* AaliM,^ Rev. laaac,^ John,'' 

John^ John,^) bom June 11, 1793, at ; was a farmer; lived 

at Franklin (now Kent), Ohio; served as Justice of the Peace in 
Fairfield County, Ohio, for fifteen years. He married Nov. 15, 1815, 
Harriet L.'Eoberts, of Sunsfield, Mass., who died Oct. 17, 1853. 

Mr. Hylas Stiles died July 29, 1871, at Waterville, Ohio, at the 
then residence of his daughter, Mrs. H. L. Grarditfer. 

Children : 

646. L WiLLUM C,® bom at Hartford, Conn., Aug. 30, 1817; 

died April 13, 1822. 

647. n. Hylas,® bom at Hartford, Conn., Jan. 9, 1819; married 

Elizabeth Scott. Family 94. 

648. IIL James E.,® bom at Hartford, Conn., Feb. 12, 1820; mar- 

ried Rebecca Lewis. Family 95. 

649. IV. Laura M.,® bom at Hartford, Conn., Feb. 2, 1822; died 

Oct. 31, 1846. 

* See EccUsicutical History and Genealogy of New Britain, Conn.^ page 218, which gives his 
name as Benjamlu P. Stiles. 



300 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

650. V. WiLLUM H.,« bom at Hartford, Conn., Feb. 22, 1824; 

died Oct. 10, 1829, in New Orleans, La. 

651. VI. Harriet L.,« bom at Haitford, Conn., Nov. 2, 1826; 

married 1848, George (son of Isaac and Julianne) 
Gardner, M. D., who died at South Bloomingville, 
Hocking County, Ohio, Dec. 22, 1859. 

Dr. Gbirdner was bom near Union ville, Muskingum 
County, Ohio, Nov. 24, 1820. In his twenty-first 
year he commenced the study of medicine, com- 
mencing practice about 1847, in South Blooming- 
ville, Ohio, where he remained until the close of his 
life. He was greatly devoted to his profession, and 
gathered around him a circle of friends and patients 
who were charmed with his social qualities, and con- 
fided implicitly in his skill as a physician. Bom of 
•devout parents, in the communion of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, fie became in early youth a seeker 
for, and in his seventeenth year, a believer in the 
atonement oflfereil by Christ, and the attention of 
the Church was soon attracted by his earnest desire 
for the salvation of others, which, conjoined as it was, 
to grace and gifts of no ordinary degree, seemed to 
constitute a valid call to the Lord's work. In the 
spring of 1847 he was duly licensed to preach. In 
the fall of the same year he was elected deacon and 
ordained by Bishop Monis, and July 9, 1858, was 
recommended, at the quarterly conference, for ad- 
mission to the travelling connection, but being a 
man of family there was no room for him in the Ohio 
Conference. Dr. Gardner was a man of sound, good 
judgment, kind and agreeable in life and conversa- 
tion; affectionate and prudent in his family, tender 
and yet strict in the government of his household. 
As a local preacher he was always very acceptable, 
his sermons pointed and weighty, infused with the 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMUf, 301 

deepest piety, and couched in pleasant form and lan- 
guage. His success in winning souls to Christ was 
more than ordinary. Mrs. Harriet L. Gardner re- 
sides (1888) at Pittsburg Pa. Issue : 

652. i. Ladba Stiles," bom Sept. 2, 1849; gradnated at Otterbein 

University; married June 1. 1871, Rev. William P. 
Shrom, a graduate of Otterbein University and from 
Wartem Theological Seminary, Alleghany City, Pa. 
He served the United States in the war of the Civil 
Rebellion, first in the cavalry, afterwards in the 178th 
Ohio Volunteers (infantry) as Second Lieutenant, and 
was honorably mustered out of service at the close of 
the war. He now resides at Pittsburgh, Pa. Issue : 

(1) William Gardner Shrom, bom August 24, 1874 I 

(2) Harriet Louise Shrom, born Nov. 25, 1876; (3) 
Mary Alice t^hrom, born March 3, 1879; (4) Laura 
Southard Shrom, born Sept. 18, 1881. 

653. ii. Hylas W.,^ bora Dec. 22. 1851; died Oct. 12, 1856. 

654. iii. Alice Cary.» bom Nov. 9, 1854; died March 6, 1856. 

665. iv. Alice M.,' born March 9, 1859; teacher, and graduate of 

Nursing School of Hartford, (Conn.), City Hospital. 

656. Vir. William Henry,^ bom at Wethersfield, Conn., Oct. 20, 

1828; married Catharine Smith. Family 96. 

657. VIII. Mary Jane,« bom at Hartford, Conn., Nov. 7, 1830; 

died Aug. 5, 1832. 

658. IX. Arthur D.,^ born at Cleveland, Ohio, April 3, 1834; 

died Aug. 11, 1836. 

659. X. Edwin,« born at Brimfield, Ohio, Jan. 13, 1836; died 

Aug. 13, 1847. 

660. XI. Mary Jane,« born at Bremen, Ohio, Nov. 1, 1838; died 

Jan. 1, 1839. 



302 THE STILES GENEALOGY, 

661. XII. John Douglas,^ born at Bremen, Ohio, Aug. 1, 1840; 
manied Pliebe E. Coop. Family 97. 

FAMILY 57. 

662. Elijah' Stiles, [427], {Martin,^ Lieut Martin,^ Isaac,* 
Ephratrn,^ Jolm,^ John,^) born Jan. 9, 1773, at Westfield, Mass.; 
married Betsy Jennings, of Westfield, Mass., May 28, 1795. He 
was a woollen manufacturer. Mr. Elijah Stiles died Feb. 27, 1862, 
at Pittsford, N. Y. Mi-s. Betsy (Jennings) Stiles was bora June 1, 
1776, died Sept. 28, 1850, in Melius, N. Y. 

Children : 

663. I. Ezra Loomis,« bora at Otis, Mass,,* March 11, 1796; 

married Sophia Hinds. Family 98. 

664. II. Martin Jennings,^ born at Otis, Mass., Feb. 21, 1798; 

married Mary Holt. Family 99. 

665. III. Seth Gansey,^ bora at , Nov. 13, 1800; married 

Sally Tobey. Family 100. 

666. IV. Betsy Kilby,« born Sept. 28. 1803; married 

Osborn ; died Aug. 31, 1852. 

667. V. Eliva,« bora Jan. 30, 1806; died April 13, 1813. 

668. VI. Ira W.,« born June 30, 1809; died Nov. 9, 1863. 

669. Vn. Sally Porter,^ bora Sept. 8, 1811; married Samuel D. 

Loomis, t Jan. 2, 1840.. have: 

670. i. George W.,9 born March 16, 1841; married Nov. 17, 

1868, Martha C. Clark ; resides (1885) Adel, Iowa. 
Served three years in the Twenty-third Iowa Volun- 
teer Infantry. 



* Loomis' Genealogy, 11 , 661, saye •• Arlington, Vt." 
1 1849, according to Loomls' Genealogy, 11., 660. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMUT. 303 

671. ii. HoBACE 8,9 bom Sept. 29. 1842; married Dec. 29, 1868, 

Viola Dean; resides (1885) in Auburn, N. Y. 

672. iil Habyet J.,9 bom Aug. 22, 1844; died June 21, 1857. 

673. iv. Chauncy G.,» bom Oct. 27, 1850; died Jan. 20, 1851. 

FAMILY 58. 

674. Wareham' Stiles, [428], {Martin,^ Lieut, Martin,'' 
Isaac,^ Ephraim^ John^ John,^) bom at Westfiekl, Mass., Dec. 28, 
1774; married Sarah Nelson, of Westfield, Mass., Feb. 20, 1800; re- 
moved to West Hawley, Mass., in Sept., 1802, and built a log cabin 
in West Hill, on the farm now (1885) occupied by his youngest son, 
Rowland Stiles. Both Mr. Wareham Stiles and his wife died here, 
in 1863, aged respectively 89 and 80 years. 

Children : 

675. I. Rowland,^ born at Westfield, Mass., July 18, 1800; 

died at Hawley, Mass., Nov. 11, 1825; unmarried. 

676. II. Warren,« born at Westfield, Mass., May 19, 1802; 

married Betsy Holcomb. Family 101. 

677. IIL Gardiner,® born at Hawley, Mass., May 13, 1804; mar- 

ried Melinda More. Family 102. 

678. IV. Alvah,® born at Hawley, Mass., July 25, 1806; resided 

at West Hawley, Mass.; unmarried; died May, 
1875. 

679. V. SARAH,«bom at 'Hawley, Mass., April 26, 1808; died 

March 12, 1809. 

680. VL Sarah,'' bom at Hawley, Mass., March 12, 1810; mar- 

ried Orrin Thompson, of Vermont; removed to 
Coloma, Washara Co., Wis., where he died May 9, 
1881, 8B. 67; being one of the oldest settlers of that 



304 THE STILiS GENEALOGY. 

County, in which he resided over 20 years. Mi's. 
Sarah CStiles) Thompson still (1885) resides in 
Coloma. 

681. VII. MARnN,^ bom at Hawley, Mass., May 19, 1812; mar- 

ried Hermonia B. Lemoin. Family 103. 

682. VIII. RoxANNA,^ bom at Hawley, Mass., March 23, 1814; 

married Orrin Dunham, of Savoy, Mass. Issue: 

683. i. Wabrkn,» married Mary Ann Paine, of Adams, Mass.. 

where he now (1885) resides; he had two sons, one of 
whom died in infancy. 

f»84. ii Jambs,* married twice; both wives from Chesterfield, 

Mass ; had a son by second wife. 

686. iii. Ann,* married Benjamin Burlingame, of Adams, Mass. ; 

had two daughters. 

686. iv. Eliza,* married Charles Sheldon, a tinner, of North 

Adams, Mass. ; now dead; had three children. 

687. V. Fannie,* mnrried Tumey, of North Adams, Mass.; 

had two children. 

688. vi. Sarah,* married Albert Curney, of Plainfield, trader and 

farmer; had one daughter. 

689. vii. Augusta,' married Philips, of Holyoke, Mass.; had 

three children. 

690. viii. Charles,* married Nellie Cleveland, of Plainfield; had 

two children. 

691. IX. Aabon Nelson,^ bom at Hawley, Mass., March 26, 1816; 

unmarried; resides alternatively in W. Hawley and 
Charlemont; was a rejected recruit of Tenth Massa- 
chusetts Infantry; demented. 

692. X. HoRACE,«bom at Hawley, Mass., Feb. 10, 1819; mar- 

ried Hannah Miller. Family. 104. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 305 

XL TiRZAH,^ bom at Hawley, Mass., April 37, 1821; married 
Sanderson Carter, of West Hawley, Mas3. Issm : 

fi94. i. Delia E., 9 born in Hawley. Mass, Sept. i4, 1849; mar- 

ried Dec. 10, 1868, Isaac Vincent, of W. Hawley, 
Mass., farmer. No issue. [Slillman (son of Alonzo) 
Turner, adopted.] 

695. XII. Mary,« bom at Hawley, Mass., Feb. 23, 1823; married 

Elisha Crowell ; moved to Nebraska thirty years 
ago; had six sons and a daughter. Mrs. Mary 
(Stiles) Crowell, died 1883. Mr. C. has since mar- 
ried a^ain. 

696. XIII. LucY,« bom at Hawley, Mass., Feb. 28, 1827; married 

April 16, 1865, Charles Peck, merchant, of Charle- 
mont, Mass. Issue : 

697. i. Ro8A,» born Dec. 3, 1865; married Nov. 7, 1883, Charles 

E. Graves. No issue. 

698. XIV. Rowland,^ born at Hawley, Mass., April 15, 1831; 

married Ann E. Sturtevant. Family 105. 

FAMILY 59. 

699. Japhet' Stiles, [430], {Martin,'^ Lieut. Martin,'' Isaac,* 
Ephraim,^ John,^ John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., March 12, 1779 ; 
married Rhoda (daughter of Dr. Salmon) Carrington, of New 
Milford, Conn., June 2, 1800, at Westfield, Mass.; removed to 
Canandaigua, N. Y. 

Mr. Japhet Stiles died Aug. 30, 1833. Mrs. Rhoda (Carring- 
ton) Stiles died at Canandaigua, April 1, 1851, sb. 69 years and 
6 months. 

Children : 

700. I. Salmon,^ bom at Westfield, Mass., Nov. 22, 1802; died 
April 5, 1804. 



306 THE STILES GENEALOGY, 

701. II. Japhet,« born at , 1803; died April 21, 1804. 

702. III. Rhod.v Rebecca,® born at Westfield, Mass., Sept. 14, 

1804. 

703. IV. RiVERius Caruington,® bom at Westfield, Mass., Oct 

18, 1800; jnarried Persis A. Graves. Family 106. 

704. V. Clarissa Grace,® bom at Westfield, Mass., Aug. 11, 

1809; die<l April 5, 1832. 

705. VI. Sophia,® born at Westfield, Mass.. May 7, 1814; married 

Ashbel Tuttle, June 14, 1832; died Jan.* 7, 1833. 

706. VII. Samuel.® t 

707. VIII. Diana Wilmoit,® bora at Canandaigua, N. Y., March 

• 12, 1826; married S. V. R. Johnson. May 12, 1844- 

FAMILY 60. 

708. Salmon' Stiles, [431], {Martin,^ Lieut. Martin,^ 
Ihooc^^ Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., July 
6, 1781; married (1) Anna Dewey, of Southwick, Mass., April, 1805, 
who died Jan. 23, 1813, 8b. 32; married (2) Charlotte Holmes, of 
Russell, (intentions of marriage legally published Feb. 9, 1814, 
according to Westfield Records.) 

Mr. Salmon Stiles died April 15, 1823. Mrs. Charlotte 
(Holmes) Stiles died Feb., 1850. 

Children {by first tvife) : 

709. I. Ethan Dewey,^ born Nov. 16, 1805; married Catharine 

M. Parmalee. Family 107. 



'I' Loomls Genealogy, 11., 6G2. says "August." 

t Samuel Sttles, son of Japhet, of We^tfleM, Mass.. died April 15, \9fiA.^(Str(mg 
Genealogy. ) 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 307 

710. II. Reuben Bannister,^ born March 5, 1808; married 

Adaliue Janes. Family 108. 

711. III. Emily Anna,^ bom June 3, 1810; married Abijab 

Estes, resides (1859) Berrien, Mich. 

{By second toife) : 

712. IV. Delina,^ bom Api-il 10, 1816; married (1) July 25, 

1838, Asher H. Day, of Feeding Hills, Mass.; mar- 
ried (2) Julius Meacham. Died 1885. 

713. V. Henry Salmon,^ bora Sept. 29, 1818; married Laura 

Chapman, of Montgomery, Mass., May 9, 1850. Is 
a farmer at Montgomery, Miiss. No issue. 

714 VI. Mary,« bom April 29, 1820; married Luke Shurtleff. 
of Russell, Mass. Deceased. 

715. VII. Sarah O.,^ born Sept. 12, 1821; married Lyman 

Herrick, of Blandford, Mass. 

716. VIII. Eliza Cornellv,^ born Feb. 23, 1823: married at 

Russell, Mass., Jan. 10, 1849, Henry Allen (son of 
George and Surrinda Bishop ) Williams, of Russell, 
Mass., where he was born, Feb. 20, 1819. They 
settled in Russell. 

FAMILY 61. 

717. Edward ' Sti les, [432], {Martin,^ Lieut. Martin,^ Isaac* 
Ephraim,^ John;^ John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., Sept. 27, 1783; 
married Lucinda (daughter of David and Phoebe) Lamberton,* of 
Ware, Mass. He was a farmer. 

Mr. Edward Stiles resided in Westfield, Mass., and died Sept. 
30, 1860. Mrs. Lucinda (Lamberton) Stiles, born Dec. 19, 1799, 
died Oct. 25, 1856, re 57. 

* Intentions of marriage entered In Town Clerk's office May 8, 1819; posted in Mfeting 
House the day following: certificate Issued May 1819.— ( Westfield Records.) 



308 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

Children {born in West field, Mass,) : 

718. I. Philena,« born Feb. 4, 1820; married William Wells, 

of Newington, Conn.; died Nov. 21, 1844. 

719. II. MAmiN,«born Sept. 22, 1822: married Elvirah C. 

Hitchcock. Family 109. 

720. III. IsAAC,^ born Sept. 26, 1827; died June 26, 1833. 

721. .IV. Daniel,^ bom Oct. 1, 1835; married Amorette L. 

Cowles. Family 110. 

FAMILY 62. 

722. Isaac' Stiles, [433], (Martin,^ Lieut. Martin,^ Isaac,^ 
Eptiraim,^ John^ John,^) bom at Westfield, Mass., March 3, 1786; 
married Sally Potter, of New Haven, Conn., Aug. 22, 1811. (Inten- 
tions legaUy published April 21, 1811, and married by Kev. Isaac 
Knapp. — WeslfiAild Records. The year before his marriage he 
removed to Bethlehem, N. Y., where he had a farm, and for many 
years kept a tavern, well known to travelers in his day, and 
which, with the hill on which it stands, still is known by his name. 

He resided in Bethlehem, N. Y., and died Jan. 3, 1839, ae. 52. 
Mi-s. Sally (Potter) Stiles, bom 1790, died at Westfield, Mass., June, 
1861. 

Children : 

723. I. IsAAC,^ born March 15, 1813; manied Amanda Shepard. 

Family 111. 

724. 11. Stacy Potter," bom Aug. 14, 1814; niarried Jane 

Fisher. Family 112. 

725. III. Louisa,^ born Feb. 27, 1816; died Dec. 27, 1818. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 309 

726. IV. Sarah P.,« bom Nov. 6, 1817; married O. M. Carrier, 

Enfield Bridge, CJonn. 

727. V. Loui8A,« bom June 6, 1819; died April 27, 1836. 

728. VI. Daughter,^ , stillbom. 

729. VII. Henry B.,« bora Nov. 13, 1822; married (1) Rebecca 

C. Bridge; (2) widow Hattie A. Eaton. FABiiLy 113. 

730. VIII. TiRZAH,« bom March 3, 1826; April 8, 1849, married 

Frederick Erasmus Gladwin, East Haddam, Conn., 
who died Dec. 30, 1860. Issue : 

731. i. Rebecca Stilbs,^ born Dec. 14, 185U; married May 5, 

1875, Chnries Freeman FoRter, Boston, Masb. hsue : 
(1) Anna Rebecca (Foster), bom July 17, 1876; (2) 
Koland Howard (Foster), bom Sept 10, 1878; (3) Helen 
Frederica (Foster), bom March 28, 1881; died July 
20, 1881. 

732. ii. Fbbdkrica Euobnia,« born Feb. 18. 1866 

733. iii. Fredkbic Euoene,9 born April 18, 1858. Residence 

(1885) lUion, N. Y. 

734. IX. Wealthy H.,^ bom April 12, 1828; married Milton D. 

Knowles, of Westfield, Mass., Aug. 12, 1849. 
residence (1885) Belleville, Ind. Issue : 

735. i. MiLTON.» 

736. ii. RoLLiN,» (M. D.) 

737. iii. Sheridan.« 

738. X. Edward,^ bom April 26, 1832; married Jane Shepard, 

of Westfield, Mass., Nov. 7, 1853. Was a cigar 
manufacturer at Westfield. Died 1869. No issue. 



310 THE STILES OEMEALOGY. 

FAMILY 63. 

739. Henry ^ Stiles, [435], {Martin,^ lAeut Martin,^ Isaac,' 
Ephraim,^ John,^ John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., April 1, 1790; 
married Cheney Fox, of Westfield, Mass., March 18, 1830.* 

Mr. Henrv Stiles dietl July 24, 1838, at Westfield, Mass. Mrs. 
Cheney (Fox) Stiles died May 22, 1846, ae 47. 

Children {all bom at Westfield, Mass.) : 

740. I. Charles,^ bom Nov. 16, 1830; resides (1885) in West- 

field, Mass. Unmarried. 

741. II. Jerome,'' bom Aug. 11, 1832; married Julia A. Fair- 

field. Family 114. 

742. III. EzHA,^ born June 8, 1834; died Sept. 5, 1839. 

743. IV. Lewis,^ born Jan. 22, 1836; married Emily F. Loomis. 

Family 115. 

744. V. Henry Rolll\,H born Oct. 4, 1838; married Mary 

Dewey. Family 116. 

FAMILY 64. 

745. Charles^ Stiles, [436], (il/aWm,* Lieut. Martin,^ 
Isaac,* Ephraim^ John^ John,^) bom at Westfield, Mass., April 1, 
1792; married Sophia Rexford, Nov. 25, 1817; resided in Augusta, 
N. Y., and died there Feb. 9, 1838. Mrs. Sophia (Bexford) Stiles 
died August 4, 1842. 



1885. 



* Intentions imbllshed Feb. 14 ; certificate issued Feb. 1 , 1830.— (HVjiOE^'M Record*.) 

^ Munsell'8 HUtary NorthJUld, Mast. Alno, letter of bis son Harry Rollln Stiles. Feb. '2:2, 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. ^\\ 

Children {born in Augusta^ N. Y.) : 

746. I. Edwin,« born Aug. 18, 1819; married Rhoda C. Holmes. 

Family 117. 

747. II. Horace,^ bom Sept. 28, 1820; married Harriet Webster. 

Family 118. 

748. III. Olivia,^ bom Oct. 9, 1823; married at Vemon, N. T., 

Dec. 1842, A. B. Green. Issue {bom in Augvsta, 

N. r.) .- 

749. i. Clabissa S.,' bom Sept., 1843; died Jan.. 1874. 

750. ii. Josephine,^ born Dec. 1844; died same yetir. 

751 iii. Charles H.,^ bom May 20, 1846; married Alta Hunt- 

ington, of Middlebury, Feb. 17, 1874. Issue: (1) 
Stewai-t N. 

752. iv. MarietteO.,» bom Feb. 13, 1848; married Dec. 21, 1876, 

George C. Barker, of Augusta, N. Y.; removed to 
Troy, N. Y., and died Oct. 14, 1881. No issue. 

753. V. Abnbb K.,^ born Sept. 7, 1832; died same year. 

754. vi. EvaC. GBEEN,»born Aug. 22, 1868; resides (1885) with 

her parents in Augusta, N. Y. 

7.55. vii. Abneb Burdett,« born Nov. 26, 1866; resides (1885) 

Augusta, N. Y. 

756. IV. Denison,^ bom April 9, 1825; died at Patch Grove, 
Grant County, Wis., March 27, 1857. 

FAMILY 65. 

757. Anson' Stiles, [439], {Israel,^ Israel,^ Isaac,* Ephraim,^ 
John^ John,^) bom at Westfield, Mass., Aug. 20, 1805; married 



312 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

Elvira (daughter of Reuben and Elvira) Allen, Dec. 14, 1831. He 
was a farmer at Suffield, Conn , which town he represented in the 
State Legislature, in 1851. 

Mr. Anson Stiles died Sept. 22, 1872, «e. 72, at Suffield, Conn.* 
Children ( horn at Suffield, Conn.) : 

758. I. Israel Newton,^ (Gen.) born July 16, 1833; married (1) 

Jenny Coney; married (2) Antoniette C. Wright. 
Family 119. 

759. II. Charles Judson,^ bom July 25, 1835; married Carrie 

L. Austin. Family 120. 

760. III. Anson Luther,^ died April 19, 1837, ae. 3 months. 

761. IV. Isabella Annette,^ bom April 1, 1839; married 

Edwin O. Seymour, of Chicago, 111., April, 1860; 
resides (1888) Chicago. No. issue. 

762. V. Alice Elvira,^ bom March 10, 1841; married ^Eneas 

A. Wood, of Chicago, HI., Nov. 9, 1865. Mrs. Alice 
E. (Stiles) Wood, died April 5, 1867, m. 26. No 
issue. 

763. VI. Anson Baxter,' born March 16, 1843; died Nov. 15, 

1873, 86. 30. 

764. VII. Genevieve Minerva,^ bom April 7, 1845; married 

Charles L. Little, of Meriden, Conn., April 23, 
1862; resides at Meriden. Issue : 

765. i. Sally Maria,» born March 3, 1863. 

766. ii. Frank Allen,* bom Aug. 30, 1864. 



* Mrs. Elvira Allen vraB, In 1885, living with her only survlTing child, Mrs. Anson Stiles; 
being the oldest person then living In the town of Suffield, (having been born in 1793) and 
possessing her faculties In great perfection. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 313 

767. iii. Arthur Edgbrton,' bom March 19, 1866. 

768. iv. Edward Baxter,* bom Oct. 26, 1867. 

769. V. IsiBBLLA Annette, » bom March 13, 1869. 

770. vi. Clara Eloisa,® bom March 19, 1878. 

771. VIII. Luther Raymond,^ born April 10, 1847; unmarried. 

772. IX. Franklin Rudolph,^ born Aug. 14th, 1849; married 

Dania Dunevan. Family 121. 

773. X. Clara Elizabeth,^ born Oct. 23, 1851; married Amos 

T. Crane, of Chester, Mass., Nov. 15, 1875. 
Resides (1885) in Chicago, 111. Isstie : 

llA. i. Robert Stiles, » born Aug. 7, 1876. 

775. ii. Philip Baxtbr,o bom Aug. 11, 1878. 

776.^ XL Ida EsTELLE,« born May 2«, 1854; married Dr. E. C. 
Newport, of Meriden, Conn., Nov. 18, 1875; teacher 
before and since marriage. Issue : 

111. i. Alice Estellb,' born April 13, 1877. 

778. XII. Emma Louisa,^ bom April 8, 1857; married Arthur 
Millbury, of Chicago, III, June 7, 1877. Issue: 

119. i. Arthur Setmour,^ bom Oct. 28, 1879; died June 25, 

1882. 

FAMILY 66. 

780. David H.' Stiles, [449], {Israel,' Israel' Isaac,' 
Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) married Feb. 8, 1823, Harriet L. (daughter 
of Joseph) Leonard, of Snffield, Conn. Is a farmer. 

Children {born at Suffield, Conn.): 

781. I. Weston Leonard,® bora Feb. 17, 1858; resides, un- 
married, at Suffield, Conn. Is a farmer. 



314 THE STILES OENEALOOY. 

782. II. Helen Maria,^ born July 10, 1860; unmarried. 

783. III. Dorcas Catharine,^ bom Nov. 27, 1866; unmarried. 

FAMILY 67. 

784. Lewis' Stiles, [454], {Daniel,^ Daniel,^ Isaac,' 
Ephraim^ John^ John^) bom at Kingston, Pa., 1789; married Sarah 
(daughter of John) Dodson, March 21, 1811. He was a farmer. 

Mr. Lewis Stiles died in 1856, at Town Hill, Luzeme Co., Pa. 
Mrs. Sarah (Dodson) Stiles died at same place, in 1875. 

Children : 

785. I. Darwin,^ bora Oct. 26, 1811; married (1) Roxanna 

Tubbs; married (2) Edna Harrison. Family 122. 

786. II. Daniel,^ born Oct. 16, 1812; married Hannah Bacon. 

Family 123. 

787. III. Nathan Dodson,^ bom July 14, 1814; married Bachel 

Egbert. Family 124. 

788. IV. Richard Dodson,^ bom Feb. 16, 1816; married Maria 

T. Burris. Family 125. 

789. V. Stephen D.,« bom March — , 1818; married (1) Eliza- 

beth Inman; (2) Hannah Dodson. Faboly 126. 

790. VI. Elias B.,« bom March 6, 1820; married Sibel Van 

Norman. Family 127. 

791. VII. John D.,^ bom Jan. 15, 1823; married Mary Amanda 

Gibbons. Family 128. 

792. Vin. Samuel C.,^ bom March 6, 1824; married Maria A. 

Lamed. Family 129. 

793. IX. George B.,® ; married Eliza A. Harrison, 

disappeared about 1855 or '56. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 315 

794. X. Frances Elizabeth,^ ; married Nathan 

Harrison; died in 1852. Issue : 

795. i. Fbancbs £ltzabrbh,9 married N. E. Bowman, Wilkes- 

barre. Pa. 

796. XL .« 

797. XII. .« 



FAMILY 68. 

798. Daniel^ Stiles, [456], {Daniel Rogers,^ Daniel,^ Isaac,* 
Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) bom June 14, 1793; married (1) Anna 
Maria Yard, in Trenton, N. J.; married (2) Mary Lott, of Newtown, 
Conn. He resided in New York City for many years, and died 
there Oct. 1, 1845. Mrs. Mary (Lott) Stiles died Oct. 4, 1833. 

Children : 

799. L Charles D.,« bom Oct. 4, 1820; married Harriet N. 

Woods. Family 130. 

800. II. Carollve B.,« born Feb. 24, 1823; married David B. 

Edmundson, Sept. 28, 1845; resides at Moodna, 
Orange Co.. N. Y. 

801. IIL Daniel 0.,« bom April 11, 1825. Is said to have 

mysteriously disappeared in New York City about 
the year 1849; having at the time considerable 
money and valuable jewelry on his person. He 
was at the time in partnership with his brother, 
Charles Day Stiles, in the Gothic Hall Bowling 
Saloon, 316 Broadway. 

802. IV. Sarah E.,« born June lO, 1832; married Henry W. 

Felton, Feb. 22, 1853. Issue : 

803. i. Hbnby Edwabd,» bom Dec. 3, 1854; resides (1885) in 

Chicago, HI. 



316 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

804. V. Anna M.,'* bom April 2, 1833; died in a few days. 

FAMILY 69. 

805. Uriah ^ Stiles, [457], {Daniel,^ Daniel,^ Isaac,'' Eph- 
raim^ John^ John,^) married (1) Jane McKennigan; married 

(2) . 

Children {by first wife) : 

806. I. Daniei.« 

807. II. ,«ason. 

FAMILY 70. 

808. John* Stiles, M. D., [464], {Lewis,' Daniel,' Isaac,' 
Ephraim^ John^ John,^) born 1800; married Miriam L. Amoureux, 
of New Rochelle, N. Y., 1824; graduated from Middlebury College, 
Vt; pi*acticed his profession in New York City from 1835 or '36 
until his death. It is said by his son, Darwin Stiles, the artist, 
that Dr. Stiles' features and expression bore a striking resemblance 
to that of President Ezra Stiles, as did also 'those of one of his 
(Dr. John Stiles') sisters. 

Dr. John Stiles died at his residence, No. 257 West Houston 
street. New York City, March 2, 1872, ae. 72. 

Children : 

809. I. ZiNA," (son) bom , 1825; died in infancy. 

810. 11. Darwin,^ born Dec. 31, 1827; is an artist; for the last 

24 years a resident in Central New York; resides 
(1885) Fulton, N. Y.; unmarried. 

FAMILY 71. 

811. Josiah^ Stiles, [479], {Asahel,'' Zebediah,' Ephraim,' 
Ephraim^ John^ John,^) born at Granville, N. Y., Sept. 11, 1785; 



THE CONNECTICUT FkMILT. 317 

married Charlotte Whipple, of Castleton, Vt.,reb. 1, 1816. During 
{he war of 181'2, he served a few days iu the Vermont militia, under 
Capt. Horton, at Hubbardston in Sept., 1814, during the presence 
of the British forces at Plattsburg, N. Y.* He was a mechanic and 
manufacturer of farming implements, at Benson, Vt. 

Mr. Josiah Stiles died at Benson, Vt., April 23, 1854. His 
widow was living at Hubbardston, Vi, in June, 1878, ». 83 years. 

Children : 

812. I. Clabissa Emeline,^ bom in Hubbardton, Vt., Nov. 12, 

1816; married William Walker, farmer, Jan. 16, 
1840. Issue : 

813. i. Mblvin D.,» carpenter and joiner, Atlantic r.ity, N. .1. 

814. ii. S. Bent, 9 farmer, Benson, Vt. 

815. iii. Emoe AV.,b farmer, Hubbardton, Vt. 

816. II. James Barber,^ born in Hubbardton, Vt., Nov. 16, 

1818; married Susan E. Smith. Family 131. 

817. III. Ambrose Whipple, M. D.,^ born in Hubbardton, Vt., 

Oct. 28, 1820; married Jane E. Gage. Famh^y 132. 

818. IV. Angel Clement,^ bom at Hubbardton, Vt., April 13, 

. 1823; married Sybil H. Briggs. Family 133. 

819. V. Paullna Valetta,« bom at Hubbardton, Vt., Oct. 21, 

1825; married E. Henry Arnold, farmer; resides 
(1885) Hortonville, Vt. No children. 

820. VI. LoRREN Monroe,® bom at Hubbardton, Vt., April 24, 

1828; married Maria B. Francis. 



* From U. 8. Peosloo Oflloe— though he was not a pensioner. 



318 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

821. VII. Tryphena Eliza,« born at Benson, Vt., April 10, 1831; 

married L. C. Gregory, farmer, March 18, 1851. 
No issue. 

822. VIII. JosuH Delos,^ bom at Benson, Vt., Sept. 18, 1833; 

died March 16, 1835. 

823. IX. Charlotte Emory,^ born at Benson, Vt, Feb. 10, 

1836; married William A. Smith, Feb. 12, 1866. 
He is a carpenter and builder (1885) at Fairhaven, 
Rutland Co., Vt. Mr. Stiles served in the 17th 
Michigan Infantry during the war of the Civil 
Rebellion; was in eighteen different engagements. 

We are much indebted to Mrs. Smith for family 
records, etc.: 

** W. A. Smith ( my husband ) enlisted in May, 
1862, in Company A, Seventeenth Michigan Infan- 
try, for a period of three years; was at South 
Mountain Md., Sept. 14th, and Antietam on the 
17th of the same month; marched from Antietam to 
Fredericksburg, and crossed the river under com- 
mand of Gen. Burnside, but was not engaged in 
action. From Fredericksburg the Corps was sent 
to Covington, Kentucky, and from there to Vicks- 
burg. Miss. After the surrender of Vicksburg, the 
Corps (the Ninth, A. E. Burnside, commanding,) 
was sent after the rebel, Gteneral Johnson, at Jack- 
son, Miss., where he (W. A. S.) was wounded on 
the shin by a shell. They then returned to Coving- 
ton, Ky.; from this place they went to Knoxville, 
Tenn., where they were beseiged by Gten. Long- 
street. During the seige he was wounded in the 
knee by a Minnie ball; from this wound he receives 
a pension. Soon after this battle they were trans- 
ferred to the Army of the Potomac. Mr. Smith 
was then on a furlough at his home in Adrian, 
Mich., recovering from his wound. He was with 



THE COMMECTICVT FAMILY. 319 

General Grant at the battles of the Wilderness and 
Spottsylvania Court House, where he received a 
wound in the hand, and was sent to the United 
States General Hospital at Annapolis, Md. He 
rejoined his regiment in front of Petersburg, Va., 
Sept. Ist, 1864; was in most of the engagements 
until the close of the war in April, 1865. He en- 
listed as a private; when discharged was a Sergeant- 
Major. Issue : 

824. i. Hebbbbt Whipple.* bom Sept 10, 1872. 

825. X. William Hakvey,^ bom July 29, 1829; died in young 

manhood; unmarried. 

FAMILY 72. 

826. Lorren' Stiles, [482], {Asahel,' Zebediah,' Ephraim,' 
Ephraim,^ John,^ Jolm,^) bom at Benson, Vt, August 9, 1790; 
married Keziah Stout, of Lyons, N. Y., August 19, 1816. He 
resided in Goshen, Clermont Co., Ohio, and, as well as his wife, 
died near Cincinnati, Ohio. Farmer. 

CJnldren : 

827. I. Cassilda,* married C. Wallace, who was killed by a 

railroad accident about 1854. 

828. IL Catharine A.,® married (1) Wiles; ; married (2) 

F Ferry, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 

829. in. Robert A.,® farmer, Goshen, Ohio. 

830. IV. Henry Smith,® farmer, Goshen, Ohio. 

831. V. Helen M.,« resides (1885) Milford, Ohio. 

832. VI. John Stout." 



320 THE ST/L£S GEMkALOGY. 

833. VII. LORREN," born Oct. 6, 1820; married Maria M. Holmes. 
Family 134. 

FAMILY 73. 

834. William ' Stiles, [483], {AsaheJ,' Zebediah,' Ephratm* 
Epliraim^ John^^ John,^) born May 17, 1792; married Luna Perry. 

Mrs. Luna (Perry) Stiles died Nov. 30, 1847. Mr. William 
Stiles died at Battle Creek, Mich., July 17, 1870. 

Children (born in York, N, Y.): 

835. I. Edmund G.,* born Jan. 15, 1826; resides (1885) Ann 

Arbor, Mich. 

836. II. Delos T.,« bom Jan. 27, 1827; married Laura M. 

Shepard. Family 135. 

837. in. Mary Hollin P.,« bom in LeRoy, N. Y., Jan. 4, 1856; 

married Myron F. Boult; resides (1885) Battle 
Creek, Mich. 

FAMILY 74. 

838. Asaher StffeS, [492], {Asahel^ Zebediah,'' Ephraim* 
Ephraim,^ Jokn,^ Jolm,^) born at Benson, Vt., August 12, 1797; 
married Jan. 22, 1829, at Sudbury, Rutland Co., Vt., Fanny Smith, 
born July 14, 1802; resided in Benson, Vt.; then removed to 
Frailesburg, Canada; removed to Genoa, 111., in Dec, 1849, where 
they passed the later years of their lives. 

. Mr. Asahel Stiles died at Genoa, Feb. 7, 1883, ae. 86 years. 
Mrs. Fanny (Smith) Stiles died at Genoa, Jan. 9, 1881. 

Children : 

839. I. Elijah/ born at Benson, Vt., Nov. 8, 1829. Family 
136. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 321 

840. II. Mary A.,^ bom at Frailesburg, Canada, Jan., 1832; 
married Dr. G. Truax; resides Q885) Magnolia, 111. 

84.1. III. Aabon Ketchum,^ bom at Frailesburg, Canada, March 
24, 1834; married Emma Dutton. Family 137. 

842. IV. Margaret A.,^ bom at Frailesburg, Canada, Oct. 13, 

1836. 

843. V. Martha E.,^ bom at Frailesburg, Canada, Jan. 7, 1839; 

married Nehemiah Shults; resides Nevada, Strong 
Co., Iowa. 

844. VI. Amarett Bissell,^ bom at Frailesburg, Canada, June 

6, 1843: married Henry Slater, merchant; resides 
(1885) Genoa, 111. Issm: 



845. 


i. Samuel.* 


846. 


ii. Maboaret.* 




FAMILY 74^. 



847. Nathan Burdick' Stiles, [508], {Josiali,"^ Zebediah,'' 

Ephraim* John,^ Jotin^ John,^) born July 17, 1831, in Florida, Mont- 
gomery Co., N. Y.; married Mary Frederick, of Union Society, N« 
Y., in 1851 or '52. Was a printer. He removed to Washington, 
D. C, and died there Aug. 2, 1856. She married again. 

Children : 

848. I. Theodore Parker.® 

849. II. Minnie,® (?). 

FAMILY 75. 

850. Oliver^ Stiles, [511], {Simeon,^ Simem,^ Ephraim* 
Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., July 15, 1786 ; 
married (1) March 6, 1808, Laura, daughter of David Jewett,* of 



322 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

Lanesboro, Mass.; she died Feb. 22,t 1822, ee. 36, at Lisle, N. Y.; 
married (2) Sarah Ann Jewett (sister of his first wife), Jan. 27, 1823. 
He removed to Lisle, Broome Co., N. Y., about 1806. He was a 
man of great business energy; was a graduate of Westfield Academy, 
and procured a good education and a vigorous, puritanic mind ; was 
much interested in civil, moral and religious affairs ; was charitable 
to a fault, having been known to give his dinner to the poor and go 
without himself; noted for hospitality. In 1832 he became a total 
abstainer from intoxicants, in which he has been followed by all his 
descendants. Though a farmer, he was much esteemed as an accu- 
rate land surveyor ; held the office of Associate Judge of the County 
from 1827 to 1832 ; was Supervisor of the (so-called) old State of 
Lisle (now comprising four townships) for a number of terms ; was 
Captain in the N. Y. State Militia, and Deacon in the Congregational 
Church at Lisle, for many years, and imtil his death. That portion 
of the town where he resided was named Barker. J 

Judge Oliver Stiles died at Lisle, N. Y., Sept. 29,** 1845, ae. 60. 
Mrs. Sarah Ann (Jewett) Stiles died at Utica, N. Y., Sept. 5, 1857. 

Children {by first marriage) : 

851. L Oliver Jewett,^ bom July 10, 1812 ; married Caroline 

Rodgers. Family 138. 

852. IL Laura Maria,^ bom Feb. 21, 1814; married Hiram 

Thayer, of Hadley, Mass., Aug. 27, 1838. Issne: 

853. i. Chables Thayeb,* bom Sept 19, 1839; married Abbie 

Clark Richardson, Nov. 24, 1864. ChUdren: (1) 
Lucy Clark and (2) Charles Stiles, twins, bom June 
16, 1868; (3) Harry Richardson, bora March 21, 
1873; (4) Charles Hiram, bom Sept. 16, 1874; (5) 
William R., born Dec. 22, 1876. 



• David Jewett waa one of the Revolutionary Arnay under Washington, at Valley Forge. 

t Her jrravestone (Whitney's Point, Town of Triangle, Broome Co., N. Y.,) says "2l8t In 
36ih year " 

t Annals of Bingham pton, N. Y., p. 229. 

•* His gravestone (Whitney's Point, Town of Triangle, Broome Co., N.Y., says *27th." and 
also styles him •* Deacon," " In 60th year." This burying ground Is between Whitney's Point 
and Hyde Settlement, on the portion of the township of Barker, where he settled, now 
familiarly callod after the fli-si settler, a Mr. Hyde, who. married Jennetta, o sister of Judge 
Oliver SUles --Letter of Oliver IK Stileg, M. D. 



THi CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 323 

854. ii. Francis H.,» born April 17, 1843; died Aug. 26, 1843. 

855. iii. HiLAN Hydk,» born April 17, 1846. 

Mrs. Lama M. (Stiles) Thayer died Oct, 31, 1850. 

856. III. Franklin Hyde,® bom at Lisle, N. T., May 22, 1816 ; 

manied (1) Eoxaiina Thayer; (2) Harriet R. 
Hanum. Family 139. 

857. IV. Emily D.,« born Aug. 16, 1821; married Daniel God- 

dard, Oct. 1, 1857, at Beloit, Wis.; died July 31, 
1864. No issue. 

{By second marriage): 

858. V. Simeon Squires,® bom June 19, 1824 ; married Harriet 

Brigham. Family 140. 

859. VI. Henry,® bom Sept. 19, 1827; married Amanda Lucy 

Whitney. Family 141. 

860. VII. David J.,® bom July 20, 1830; enlisted in Sixteenth 

Independent Battery, N. Y. S. Volunteers, in War 
of Civil Rebellion, although not subject to military 
duty; died at Fortress Monroe, Aug. 15, 1863; 
unmarried. 

861. VIII. Charles,® born Dec. 28, 1832; married Laura R Sim- 

mons, Jan. 2, 1859; enlisted in late War Sept., 1861; 
discharged Dec., 1862; re-enlisted March, 1864; dis- 
charged June 2, 1865; died Aug. 31, 1868, at Wysox, 
Pa., and left two daughters. 

862. IX. Sarah Jerusha,® bom Oct. 5, 1841; married Gteorge E. 

Spohr, Dec. 24, 1868. Resides (1886) Downer's 
Grove, 111. Issue: 

863. i. Mary E.,» bom June 7, 1870. 



324 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

864. ii. Gbace L.,» born Dec. 25, 1871. 

865. iii. Eva L.,» born April 4, 1873. 

866. iv. Henbietta. T.,» born Dec. 15, 1874. 

867. V. Louisa E.,» bom Oct. 14, 1879. 

868. vL Flobbnck E.,« born Aug. 15, 1881. 

869. vii. Fbakklin S.,e bom April 13. 1883. 

FAMILY 76. 

870. Henry '^ Stiles, [512], {Simeon,^ Simeon,^ Ephraim,^ 
Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., Dec. 13, 1788; 
married (1) March 17, 1814,* Eunice Alvord. of West Springfield, 
Mass., who died Aug. 22, 1847; married (2) April 4, 1850, widow 
Wealthy Faircliild, of West Springfield, Mass. 

Mr. Henry Stiles died Nov. 12, 1861. Mrs. Wealthy (Fair- 
child) Stiles, died Aug. 22, 1847, sb. 60. 

Children (born at Wesijield, Mass,): 

871. I. Almira,^ born March 5, (or 15,) 1815; married Jason 

Stockbridge, Jr., of Baltimore, Md., May 27, 1845. 
Issice : 

872. i. Jank,9 born March 19, 1853. 

873. II. Eunice Ann,® born June 16, 1819; married Bancroft 

Taylor, of Westfield, Mass., May 27, 1845; resided 
at Almont, Mich. Issue: 

874. i. Almiba.' bom at Almont, Mich., June 15, 1849. 
Mrs. Eunice A. (Stiles) Taylor, died Feb. 14, 1859. 



♦Intentions of marriage published Jan. 30, 1814; certificate Issued Biarch 10, 1814. (,IVe*/- 
JUld Records,) 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 325 

875. in. Henuy Dwiqht,^ bora May 29, 1823; married Mary A. 

Grauger. Family 142. 

876. IV. William,^ born Aug., 11, 1829; married Margaret 

Lyford. Family 143. 

FAMILY 77. 

877. RoyaP Stiles,. [513] {Suneon,^ Simeon,^ Ephraim,^ 
Ephrainiy^ John^ John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., June 26, 1791; 
married Dorcas Corbin, of Grand Isle, Vt., June 16, 1822. 

* Eoyal Stiles died June 30, 1842. Mrs. Dorcas (Corbin) StUes, 
bom 1800, resided (1885) with her son James, at Ceresco, Mich. 

Children : 

878. I. Simeon,^ bora March 18, 1823; married , Prince- 

ton, Mercer Co., Mo. Family 144. 

879. 11. Warren,^ bora May 8, 1824; died Sept. 7, 1843. 

880. III. Mary Elizabeth,^ born Sept. 3, 1826; married Henry 

S. Gibbons. Resides (1885) at St. Kieph, Mich. 

882.* "^V; j1??E.,« ( twins, bora May 3, 1828. 

James married Nov. 22, 1859, Mary Raven. No 
issue; farmer. Resides (1885) at Ceresco, Mich. 
Jane E., mamed Franklin E. Fellows, of Andover, 
Mass., Nov., 1854. Resided (1885) Norwich, Conn. 

883. VI. Royal Corbin,^ born Oct 7, 1832; died June 2, 1834. 

• Vol. 2, p. 227, Michigan Pioneer OoUections. 

Royal stiles had located to him Aug. 6. 1833, 259.96 acree In tbe townof Emmntt, Mich. 
Also p. 825, Balph Stiles, one of the trustees of Freewill Baptist Church, In Jackson, Mich., In 
1843. 

Ibid. Vol I p. 179, R, E. SUUt, N. Stiles and David Stiles hal In 1833, each as I understand 
It, M. S, P. O.) 1,720 acres land located to them In what Is now (1879 or thereabout) the town of 
Allen, Mich. 



326 THE STILES OEMEMLOQY. 

884. Vn. Harriet Eatily,^ ) . . , ^^ n 100- 

885. VIII. HULDAH CORBIN> [ *^^°«' ^^"^ ^^^ ^- ^^^^' 

Harriet Emily married William G. Oakman. Re- 
sides (1885) Paoli, Kansas. Huldah Corbin died 
June 6, 1835. 

886. IX. ,« son, bom Feb. 10; died Feb. 17, 1839. 

887. X. David Royal,* bom Aug. 26, 1841. Resides (1885) 

Ottawa, Kansas. 

FAMILY 78. 

888. John ^ Stiles, [524], {John,^ Simem,^ Ephraim* Eph- 
raim,^ John^ John,^) bora at Westfield, Mass., Jan. 22, 1809; mar- 
ried (1) Martha Church, July 5, 1830,* who died Jan. 11, 1853, ». 

47 years; married (2) Keyes, of Warren, 1854 Mr. John 

Stiles died Sept. 25, 1855. 

Children, {bom at Westfield^ Mass,) : 

889. I. ,^ bora 1833 ;• lived only a few days. 

890. II. Edwin,« born July 30, 1835 ; died May 6, 1855, ». 20. 

891. III. Mary E.,^ bora Feb. 15, 1841 ; married AVilliam J. 

Meeham, April 5, 1866. 

892. IV. Elizabeth,^ born Dec. 5, 1839. 

FAMILY 79. 

893. Simeon^ Stiles, [525], {John,^ Simeon,^ Ephraim* 
Ephraim^ John^ John,^) horn B,i Westfield, Mass., April 29, 1811; 
married Ann R. Harman ; removed to Longarm, Boone Co., Mo., 
where he resided 1859. 



♦According to Westfield Records, •• John, Jr., and Martha C/arfc, both of Westfield, were 
legally published Jan. 13, 1830. 



T,N£ CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 327 

Children : 

894. I. William Henry.8 

895. II. James Oliver.^ 

896. III. JohnJoseph.^ 

897. IV. Eliza Jane.^ 

898. V. Rebecca.* 

899. VI. MaryF.« 

FAMILY 80. 

900. Charles' Stiles, [527], {Ephraim,^ Siineon,^ Ephraim,* 
EphrairnJ' John^ John,') born at Westfield, Mass., May 18, 1788; 
married Sophia Stevens, Nov. 30, 1809.* Was a farmer at Edwards, 
St. Lawrence, Co., N. Y. 

Child : 

901. L SoPHU,* bom , 1813; married Asa P. Brayton ; 

died March 18, 1846. Issue : 

902. i. Salome. » married Nov. 8, 1857, James McKee, C. E., of 

Edwards, N. Y. She died Oct 18, 1863, leaving a 
son who died three days after. 



903. il Pauline,* 

904. iii. Samantha,* 

905. iv. Chables Stiles,* 



All died in the Summer and Autumn 
of 1863. 



* Intentions of marriage published Oct. 5, 1809; married by Bev. Isaac Knapp.— I^e<^ 
JUld RecortU, ' 



328 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

FAMILY 81. 

906. David ' Stiles, [539], {David,"^ Eli,' Ephraim,' Eph- 
raim,^ John^ Jolia,^) born Aug., 1799; married, it is said, four times. 
He was a farmer, and died Sept., 1872, at Randolph, Vt. 

Chihiren : 

907. I. WiLBUii,^ married Wakefield, and had children; 

removed to Michigan; was in Union service during 
War of Civil Rebellion, and contracted disease from 
which he died soon after his return. 

908. II. Sarah,^ married Luther Wakefield, (brother of her 

brother's wife.) Resides (1885) Northfield, Vt. 

FAMILY 82. 

909. Alvah' Stiles, [541], {David,' Eli,' Ephrairn,* Eph- 
raim,^ John^ John,^) lx>m in New Hampshire, May 9, 1803; married 
Sally Flint, at Royalton, Vt., April 3, 1825. He was a farmer; and 
in 1883 was residing (nearly blind) with his daughter, Mrs. Sai*ah 
A. Kelsey, in East Bethel, Vt. 

Children : 

910. I. Mary Elvira,^ born Jan. 25, 1826; married March, 
1849, John W. Slack* carpenter and joiner; resides 
(1885) South Royalton, Vt. Issue : 

1>11. i. Dkn J.,» born Sept. 20, 1850; married Mary E. Siiubom; 

h»i8 (1) Henry M. (Sluck), ro. 10 years; (2) IJert B. 
(Slack), 8 years old in 1883. 

912. ii Emma J..» b. Feb. 9, 1854; married Frnnk Moulton ; has 

(1) Fred J. (Moulton), bom .\ug. 7 1873. 

913. II. WiLLUM Lyman,® bom September, 1827; married Mrs. 

Betsy Hutchinson. Family 141. 




/ //1880. 



THe CONNECTICUT FkUILT. 329 

914. m. Sarah Alsina,^ born May 14, 1829; married Charles 

Loomis Kelsey, June 14, 1861. He is a fanner 
and stone mason. Besides in East Bethel, Yt. 

915. IV. Alvah J.,« born Dec. 9, 1832; died Dec. 6, 1834. 

916. V. Charles C.,^ bom Feb., 1837; married Cordelia A. 

Sanders. Family 142. 

917. VI. Laura J.,® bom May, 1840; unmarried; resides with 

her sister, Mrs. Kelsey. 

FAMTLT 83. 
91«. Henry Reed « Stiles. A. M., M. D. [551], {Samvd^ 

Capt, Asahel^ Israel,^ John* John^ John^ John^) bom in New York 
City March 10, 1832 ; was educated at the Gi-ammar School of the 
University of that city, entered Freshman therein 1848, and Soph- 
omore at Williams College, Mass., in 1849. flis health failing, he 
did not graduate, but in 1876 he received the degreo of A. M. from 
that College. He studied medicine in the Medical Department of 
the University of the City of New York, graduated in 1855, and also 
in the same year from the New York Opthalmic Hospital. He 
practiced medicine a few months in New York City, afterwards in 
Galena, 111., with a partner. Dr. Timothy M. Wilcox. In 1856 he 
removed to Toledo, Ohio, and there for a few months edited the 
Toledo Blade^ daily and weekly. In July, 1856, he went to 
Brooklyn, N. Y., and during the years 1857 and '58, as a member of 
the firm of Calkins & Stiles, published educational works and the 
American Journal of Education^ in New York City. From 1858 to 
1861 he practiced his profession in Brooklyn, N. Y., from which 
place, in April, 1861, he removed to Woodbridge, N. J., and was 
engaged in active practice until May, 1863, when he accepted the 
position of Librarian of the Long Island Historical Society, in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., of which he was one of the founders and one of the 
first Board of Directors named in the act of incorporation. This 
position he resigned in May, 1865, and was engaged in literary 



330 THE STIL£S GENEALOGY. 

pursuits until Feb., 1868, when he was appointed to a clerkship in 
the Bureau of Vital Statistics in the Brooklyn oflSce of the Metro- 
politan Board of Health. Two months later, April 14, he was ap- 
pointed Chief Clerk ; this office he filled till the abolition of the 
Commission in 1 870. He was immediately appointed a Medical In- 
spector in the newly organized Board of Health of the City of New 
York, and served in the Second, Thii-d, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth 
Wards. Upon the creation of a new Board, in Jan., 1873, he suc- 
cessfully passed the Civil Service examination instituted by the 
Board, and was reappointed Sanitary Inspector, June 17. In July, 
same year, lie was made Superintendent of the State Homeopathic 
Asylum for the Insane, at Middletown, Orange Co., N. T. Under 
his direction its first two buildings were erected, its service organ- 
ized, and the foundation of its subsequent success firmly laid. He 
resigned this position in Sept. 1877, and removed to Dundee, in 
Scotland, where he had been called to take chaige of the Dundee 
Homeopathic Dispensary, then under the Presidency of Lord 
Kinnaird. The next four years were fully occupied by his profes- 
sional duties, but, in Dec, 1881, the failure of his own and his wife's 
health compelled him to leave Dundee and return to America, and 
from Jan., 1882, to Christmas, 1887, he was associated in a consulta- 
tion practice in New York City with Dr. Frederick Humphreys. 
From Jan., 1888, to the present time (1890) he has conducted a 
private estabUshment for the cure of mental and nervous disease, at 
Hill View, (on Lake George), Warren County, N. Y. 

Dr. Stiles has been a member of the Homeopathic Medical 
Societies of New York, Kings and Orange Counties, N. Y. In 1885 
he was elected a permanent member of the New York Homeopathic 
State Medical Society, of which, in 1875-6, he was a Vice- 
President, and in 1874-5, Chairman of its Bureau of Nervous 
Diseases. He is a member of the New York Medico- Legal Society; 
of the Clinical Club, of New York City ; was one of the organizers 
and first members of the Public Health Association of New York 
City, in 1872 ; a founder and officer of the Society for Promoting 
the Welfare of the Insane, New York City. He was, in 1870, unani- 
mously appointed to the chair of Physiology in the New York 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 331 

Homeopathic Medical College, and accepted, but domestic afflictions 
compelled him to resign, before entering upon its duties. 

He was in 1873-74 Special Lecturer on Hygiene and Sanitary 
Laws in the same ; and, from 1882 to 1885, Professor of Mental 
and Nervous Diseases in the New York Woman's Medical College 
and Hospital, New York City. 

In 1859 Dr. Stiles published The History and Genealogies of 
Ancient Windsor^ Conn,; and a Supplement to the same, and also a 
monograph on Bundling in America, in 1861. In 1863 he published 
the OenvalogymOf the Massachusetts Family of Stiles, He was an 
active member of the Faust Club in 1865, which published limited 
and choice editions of IVood^s History of Long Island and of Fur- 
man's Notes on Brooklyn, the latter fully annotated by himself. In 
1865 he issued, in a limited edition, two volumes relating to the suf- 
ferings and experiences of the Prison-Ship captives in Wallabout 
Bay, Long Island, dunng the Revolution, entitled The Wallabout 
Prison-Ship Series, and, in the same year, he edited The Genealogy 
of the Stranahan and Josslyn Families, In 1867 he issued the first 
volume of his History of the City of Brooklyn, N, Y, The second 
volume was issued in 1869, the third in 1870. He wrote a Life of 
Abraham Lincoln in 1865 ; twenty-two of the fifty- six biographies 
of the 3Ien of Our Day in 1868 ; a campaign Biography of Gen. U. 
S, Grant, and portions of other subscription books. Among his 
many contributions to newspapers and magazines are Sketches of 
Publishers in the " Round Table," 1866-7 ; papers in the Historical 
Magazine, of which he was editor, in 1866. Letters and Historical 
Statistics, etc., to the Eahtvay (N. J.) Times, 1861-63, under the 
nom de plume of "Tip-Top." In 1884 he edited and largely con- 
tributed' to the Illustrated HUtory of the County of Kings and City 
of Brooklyn, N. F., 2 vols., quarto. In 1887 he completed the 
editing of the Humphreys Family and Genealogy, an immense woik, 
upon which, with others, he had been occupied since 1884, and the 
latter half of which was issued almost entirely under his own super- 
vision. His contributions to the New York Genealogical and Biograph- 
ical Record, of which he was one of the first editors, have been 
numerous. His principal papers in this Quarterly are an Anniversary 



332 THE STILES GEMEJkLOQY. 

Address before the Society; an "In Memoriam of John S. Gau- 
tier," 1871; an "Arrangement of the American Family of Woodhull;" 
and "A List of American Families whose Genealogies are investi- 
gated," 1872 ; "Memoir of Hon. Henry 0. Muiphy," 1882, and of 
Dr. David E. Holton, 1883. He is at present (1890) engaged in a re- 
vision and enlargement of his History and Genealogy of Windsor, 
Conn. 

Dr. Stiles has been, since 1866, a member — and was for eight 
years Kecording Secretary — of the American Ethnolc^cal Society; 
was electing corresponding member of the Dorchester (Mass.), His- 
torical and Antiquarian Society, 1859 ; of the New Eiigland Historic 
Genealogical Society, of Boston, Mass., 1859 ; of the State Historical 
Society of Wisconsin, 1860; of the Arizona Historical Society, 
1864; of the Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadel- 
phia, 1866 ; and of the American Philological Society of New York, 
1869. He was one of the organizers and Kecording Secretary of the 
American Anthropological Institute, 1869, and, in the same year, 
one of the seven founders of the New York Genealogical and Bio- 
graphical Society ; its President from 1869 to 1873, a member of its 
Board of Trustees, of its Publication Committee, and a frequent 
contributor to the Record from its first numbers until 1888, when 
he resigned and was made an honorary member. He is a life mem- 
ber of the Long Island Historical Society, and an honorary member of 
the North Western Literary and Historical Society, Sioux City, 
Iowa, 1866. 

He has also at one time been an active Mason, having taken all 
the degrees of the York Kite up to and inclusive of that of Knight 
Templar; and of the Scottish Kite up to and inclusive of the 32^. In 
religious matters, brought up a Presbyterian, he has, since his resi- 
dence in Scotland, been a member of the Communion known as 
Catholic Apostolic. 

JanuaiT 31, 1856, Dr. Stiles married Sarah (daughter of Kev. 
Charles M.) Woodward, theu of Freeport, Illinois. 

Children : 
. 919. L ELLicxrr,^ born at Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 27, 1857. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMItr. 333 

920. II. Charles Butler,** bom at Woodbridge, N. J., Nov. 3 
1861; married Frances Malcolm. Family 143 

FAMILY 84. 

921. William Loring** Stiles, [553], (Samuel,' Capf. Asa^ 
hel,^ Israeli^ John,^ John,^ John,^ John,^) bom in New York City, 
April 11, 1839; married Oct. 22, 1863, Mary Frances (eldest daugh- 
ter of ex-Mayor Edward A.) Lambert, of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Mr. William Stiles and his wife were members of the Lafayette 
Avenue Presbyterian Church, of Brooklyn. He died of consump- 
tion at 398 Carlton Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y., Feb. 18, 1866. His 
widow married, March 23, 1869, Edward J. Huestis, of Montclair, 
N. J. 

Child: 

922. I. WiLLUM Frederick,^ bom at Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept 
3, 1865 ; died at Concord, N. H., Aug. 28, 1866. 

FAMILY 85. 
923. Samuel Edward ** Stiles, M. D., [554], {Samuel,'^ 

Capt Aaahel^ Israel^ John* John^ John^ John,^) bom Aug. 27, 
1844, in New York City ; was educated in private and public schools 
in Connecticut and New York, and entered business as clerk in house 
of C. W. & J. T. Moore & Co., in New York, 1860. In Auditors' 
office of Erie Railway, 1862. Assistant Librarian of Long Island 
Historical Society, 1864-5, and of Mercantile Library Association 
of New York, 1866. Removed to Ohio and was Librarian of Toledo 
Library Association 1866-7. Returned to New York and was again 
second, and after first. Assistant Librarian to Mercantile Library. 
While here he studied medicine at University of New York, and 
Long Island College Hospital, graduating M. D. at the latter in 
1870. Was House Physician to Brooklyn Homeopathic Dispen-' 
sary 1871-2, and was appointed one of the Attending Physicians to 
the Brooklyn Homeopathic Hospital on its organization in 1873. 
He resigned this tuid became Resident Physician to the Hospital, 



334 THE $T/L£S GENEALOGY. 

remaining there until 1882, when he was again elected Attending 
Physician and entered private practice. Member of the Kings 
County Homeopathic Medical Society since 1870, and was for five 
years one of its Board of Censors and a permanent member of the 
New York State Homeopathic Medical Society. Also, one of the in- 
corporators of the New York Geneological and Biographical Society; 
Charter member of Auroi-a Grata Lodge, 756, F. & A. M.; and a 32° 
of the Scottish Kite of Masonry, etc. 

He married July 12, 1882, Mary Maud, second daughter of 
George W. and Mary J. (Griffith) Liddell, of Montreal, Canada. 

Children : 

924. I. Charlotte Eatcliffe,* bom in Brooklyn, N. Y., Sept. 

6, 1883. 

925. n. Edward Eeed,' born in Brooklyn, Dec. 30, 1885. 

926. III. Audrey Keble,* bom in Brooklyn, Nov. 12, 1887. 

FAMILY 87. 

927. SamueP Stiles, [574], {Bmoni,^ Benoni,^ Israel;^ 
John,^ John,^ John^ John,^) bom at East Windsor, Conn., Aug. 2H, 
1814; married (1) Boxy Skinner, March 4, 1840, who died March 
18, 1842; (2) Ann Bowers, Dec. 10, 1843. Is a farmer at East 
Windsor, Conn. 

Children, {born at East Windsor, Conn,): 

928. I. Henry James,* born April 15, 1845; married Harriet 

Loomis, of South Windsor, Conn., Nov. 12, 1873. 
He died May 15, 1878. 

929. II. Annette,® bom July 24, 1848; died May 31, 1856. 

930. HL Frederick Samuel,® bom Jan. 21, 1849; married Julia 

E. Barnes. Family 144. 



TH£ CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 335 

^;j] . IV. William Edgab,« born July 10, 1857; died. 

932. V. Chaeles Adelbebt,® born Oct. 10, 1855; married Jane 

M. Holman. Family 145. 

933. VI. Estella,^) Twins, born Sept. 19, 1860. Rosella mar- 

r ried Edmond Alonzo Meacham, of 

934. VII. KosELLA,^ J Somers, Conn., May 1, 1878. Mr. M. is 

a carpenter and joiner in Springfield, Mass. Isav^: 

935. i. Lewis Edwabd, >o bom at Rockville, Conn., Jnne 23, 

1880. 

936. ii. Walteb Leslie, »o born at Springfield, Masa., July 23, 

1884. 

937. VIII. Ernest Morton,^ died Aug. 4, 1869, ae. 8 weeks. 

FAMILY 88. 

938. John Morton ^ Stiles, [576], {Bmoni,^ Benoniy^ Isi^ael,^ 
John,* John^ John^ John,^) born at East Windsor, Conn., Jan. 11, 
1818; married Dec. 14, 1843, Julia Ann (daughter of Eli and Bock- 
salena Allen) Gowdy (bom Feb. 5, 1819), of East Windsor. He was 
a farmer at Melrose, Conn., where he died, April 12, 1886. 

Children (horn al East Windsor, Conn): 

939. I. Eli Gowdy,^ born Nov. 30, 1844; married. May 29, 

1873, Mary Elizabeth (daughter of Rev. George 
Ezekiel and Nancy Adelaide French) Allen, of 
Scitico, Conn., bom Nov. 15, 1847. He is a farmer, 
and postmaster at Melrose, Conn. ; resides on the old 
homestead, which has been in the possession of the 
family for nearly, or quite, a century. No issue. 

940. II. Robert BEN0Ni,^^Jborn Aug. 8, 1848; married Ida E. 

Lawrence. Family 146. 



336 THE STiLiS QEHEkLOQY. 

FAMILY 89. 
941. Israel Harper' Stiles, [591], (l^oe/,^ 5enoni,« 

Inrael^ John^ Jdhn^ John^ John^) bom at East Windsor, Conn., 
May 9, 1843; married June 1, 1870, Hannah (daughter of Lemuel 
and Hannah Blodgett) Stoughton, of East Windsor, who was bom 
Sept. 16, 1843. He is a farmer near Broad Brook, East Windsor, 
Conn. 

Children^ {all horn at East Windsor, Conn,): 

942. L Edwards Stoughton,* bom July 30, 1876. 

943. XL Anna Chloe,* bom Jan. 8, 188(>. 

944. III. Frank Harper,* bom Juno 23, 1884. 

FAMILY 90. 

945. James' Benoni Stiles, [600], {James H.,^ Benoni; 
Israel,^ John,^ John^ John^ John,^) born at East Windsor, Cjnn., 
Sept. 24, 1837; married Emily Eleanor (daughter of John and Ann) 
Thompson, of East Windsor, Nov. iS4, 1859. She was born Jan. 
15, 1838. 

Children: 

946. I. Edna Elizabeth,® bom July 2, 1861; married May 9, 

1882, John W. Boies. 

947. II. IsABELLE,® bom Aug. 7, 1865; married May 12, John 

S. Wilson, of Plainville, Ct. 

948. rn. Emma,* bom Sept. 25, 1863 ; died Aug. 23, 1864, ae. 

11 months. 

949. IV. Mary,» bom July 25, 1870; died Aug. 1, 1870. 



THE CONNECTICUT FkUILY. 337 

FAMILY 91. 

950. Isaac Lorenzo ^ Stiles, [603], {Uaac^ Isaac Clark,^ 
Isaac^ Bev. Isaxic^ John^ Jolin^ John,^) bom at North Haven, Conn., 
June 28, 1819; married Feb. 16, 1842, at North Haven, Sophronia 
M., (daughter of Anson and Julia, daughter of* Titus and Mabel Frost) 
Blakslee, bom at North Haven, Feb. 16, 1819. 

Has held the offices of Selectman, Constable, Justice of the 
Peace, Postmaster, and others of minor degree; has several times 
been Vestryman, and is now a Warden of St. John's Episcopal 
Church; represented North Haven in the Lower House of the 
General Assembly, in 1854, 1884 and 1885. Resides (1886) North 
Haven, Conn. Is the senior partner of the firm of I. L. Stiles & 
Son, brickmakers. 

Children : 

951. I. Isaac Wadswokth,^ born Feb. 28, 1843; married Mar- 

garet E. Dickerman. Family 147. 

952. II. Frank Lorenzo,® born July 12, 1854; unmarried. Is a 

partner (1886) with his father in the brick manufac- 
turing business at North Haven, Conn. 

FAMILY 92. 

953. Capt. Henry Hobart' Stiles, [609], {Isaac,' Isaac 
Clark,^ Isaac,^ Rev. Isaac* John^ John^ John,^) born at North 
Haven, Conn., Oct. 4, 1824; married Sarah Jane (daughter of Julius 
aud SaUy) Heaton, of North Haven, Oct 15, 1845. 

He received a common school education, and when eighteen 
years old went to Haddam, Conn., to take charge of a brick yard. 
The position developed the character that he afterwards sustained 
through life. Upon his return home he associated himself in busi- 
ness with his brother, the association lasting in different forms 
throughout his lifetime. He was married in 1845, and his married 
life was a source of comfort, and as he was fond of music, and a 



838 THE STiLES GEMEMLOGK 

musician himself, his home was always oi)en to social eutertaiDraents. 
He also was chosen Captain of N. H. Blues at this time, a i)osition 
he filled creditably, and from which he derived the title of Captain, 
by which he vnxs ever afterwards designated. From 1845 to 1855 
he was elected to many of the minor offices of the town, and as the 
|>eople watched him in public and private aifjiii*s, they grew to 
res[)ect and h(mor him in all ways, until in 1855 they sent him to 
represent them in the State Legislature, which position he held for 
three terms, and then he was elected Selectman and Town Agent, 
which position he filled until he resigned, in August, 1862. 

Mr. Stiles enlisted, August 9, 1862, at New Haven, Conn., 
and was elected Captain of Co. K, 15th Regiment Connecticut 
Volunteers, his commission being dated Aug. 1, 1862; was en- 
giiged in the Battle of Fredericksburg, December, 1862, Eden- 
t(m Road, Providence Church and the skirmishes near Norfolk, 
Va. He received an honorable discharge, on account of ill health, 
Aug. 17, 1868; in December of the same year received a com- 
missiim as Captain of Co. B., 21st Regiment Veteran Reserve Corps, 
and was assigned to duty at Providence, R. I., where he was the 
Post Commandant. In March, 1861, he removed, with his company, 
to Albany, N. Y., where he commanded the Rendezvous Camp. 
While there he organized, anned and equipped the l92d N. Y. S. 
Vols. In consequence of his arduous duties here (acting Jis Post 
Commissary, Quartermaster, etc., besides the command of two com- 
panies), he again lost his health, and resigned his commission, Aug. 1, 
1865. He gained the good will of his superioi*s and his command 
by his strict sense of right Jind duty, and che ^rfulness of disposition, 
and to show their appreciation, his different commands gave him a 
handsome sword, a heavy gold-headed cane, a costly jewelled watch 
and chain, eaeh with appropriate inscriptions; also field-glasses, revol- 
vers, etc. Upon his return from the army he entered into business 
pursuits, as far ks he was able, with his brother parfner. He was a 
member of St. John's Church, and ho gave time, money and labor to 
place the church on a sure foundation. He was careful of the iX)or 
and needy, and his life showed consistency and a true Christian spirit. 
In the fall of 1877, he fully realized that the en<l of his life was ap- 
proaching, and prepared his business as he thought best, and on the 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 339 

2d of April he closed his eyes in death as quietly and peacefully as 
a tired child in its parents' arms, trusting and believing that he had 
done the work God had prepared for him, and that he was simply 
passing to a higher and better life. 

Children : 

954. I. Jane Lots,^ born Dec 8, 1846; married LaGrand 

Bevins, of Meriden, CJonn., May 17, 1865. Isstte: 

955. i. Edith L.>o 

956. ii. Anna L. w . 

957. iii. WaltbrL.«o 

958. II. Frederick HoilAirr,® bom April 1, 1852; married Ellen 

C. Bishop. Family 148. 

959. III. Henry Edward,^ born March 9, 1859; died April 1, 

1874. 

960. IV. Edgar Heaton,^ born Dec. 11, 1867. Resides with his 

mother. 

961. V. Mary Cyrilla,^ born Dec. 18, 1856; married Dec. 29, 

1879, Anson B. (son of Lyman and Lavinia) Clinton, 
of North Haven, Conn. Issiie : 

962 i. Hknry Wilson, «o, bom May 16, 1880. 

FAMILY 93. 

963. George Wallace** Stiles, [631], {Hervey,' Isaac 
Glark,^ Isaac,^ Rev, Isaac^^ John,^ John^^ John,^) bom at North 
Haven, Conn., Aupj. 1, 1838; married Nov. 2, 1859, Mary Ehzabeth 
Way. 



310 THE SriL£$ OSNEALOGY. 

Children : 

964. I. Etta Amanda,' born Aug. 3, 1863; married Nov. 19, 

1885, John H. Blakeslee. 

965. TI. William Sherman,* bom July 14, 1866. 

966. III. Flora EtJNiCE,* bom Dec. 18, 1867. 

FAMILY 94. 

967. Hylas' Stiles, [645], {Hylaa;' Joh,^ Ashbel? Rev. 
Isaac,* John,^ John^ John,^) bom at Hartford, Conn., Jan. 9, 1819; 
went to New Orleans, La., where he became a master machinist. At 
the outbreak of the Civil Rebellion, in 1861, he raised the first com- 
pany of Union troops enlisted in that city; was an avowed Unionist 
before the capture of that city by the U. S. troops; lost much prop- 
erty by the war; subsequently removed to Augusta, Ark., where he 
has since resided upon his plantation. He married Elizabeth Scott, 
March 26, 1846. 

Cfnidren, {All born in Gretna^ La.) : 

968. I. Hylas W.,* bom Dec. 27, 1847; married Julia Hirsch, 

Family 149. 

969. n. Agnes L.,* bom Oct. 22, 1851; died Nov. 27, 1858. 

970. III. Franklyn,* born May U, 1853; died May 2, 1855. 

971. IV. A. Sidney,* bom Sept. 29, 1857; married Maggie 

Houston, April 1, 1881; she died Nov. 11, 1882. 
No issue. liesides (1885) at Gretna, La. Is en- 
gaged in oi>erating cotton gins and centrifugal sugar 
machines. 

FAMILY 95. 

972. James R-' Stiles, [648], {Hylan,'^ Job,"^ Aslibel,' Rev. 
Imacy* JoJiHy^ Jolm^ Jolin^^) bom at Hartford, Conn., Feb. 12, 1820; 



THE CONNiCTICUT FAM/LK 34I 

married Rebecca Lewis, May 12, 1847. He was a machinist, and 
died on a sugar plantation in St. Charles' Parish, La., Aug. 12, 1874. 

Children : 

973. L Habbiet L.,' bom at Louisville, Ky., Dec. 19, 1848; 

married July 3, 1866, Antonia Antonie Ameydo ; 
resides (1885) at Algiers, La. Is8tiey {all born at 
Algiers) : 

974. i. Anna Rkbbcca,»o bom Dec 17, 1867; died Dec. 20, 1867. 

975. ii. Fbank A.,«o born Aug. 7, 187i). 

976. ili. Mark.'o bom Aug. 13, 1872. 

977. iv, Antonia A.,»o born Nov. 9, 1875. 

978. ^ V. LEONAKD,«obom Sept. 1, 1878. 

979. IL Caroline L.,* bom Jan. 6, 1851; married June, 1875, 

George W. Wright, who (1885) held a position in 
the Mayor's office at New Orleans, La. Issue^ {all 
bom in Neto Orleans^ La.) : 

980. i. William WiLLACK,»o, bom March 9, 187C. 

981. ii. Katie, »«» bom Aug. 1. 1879. 

982. iii. John H., •<> bom Aug. 15, 1881. 

983. iv. Rebecca,"* bom Feb. 23, 1884. 

984. IIL John M.,'» born at LouisriUe, Ky., Sept. 10, 1852; died 

April 2, 1878; married MoUie A. Martin. Family 
150. 

985. TV. THOitfAS R.,» bom at Gretna, La., Dec. 5, 1854; died May 

19, 1865. 

986. V. James L.,' bom at Algiers, La., Aug. 21, 1857; died 

Aug. 28, 1859. 



342 THE STILES 6ENEML0GY, 

987. VI. George William,^ born at Algiers, La., Oct. 8, 18G0; 

married Elizabeth Beaver. Family 151. 

988. VII. Matthew L.,* bom at Algiers, La., Jan. 5, 1864; died 

Dec. 22, 1882. 

FAMILY 96. 

989. William Henry^ Stiles, [656], Hyias^ Job,' Rev, 

AslibelJ^ Rev, Isaac,* John^ John^ John,^) bom at Wethersfield, 
Conn., Oct. 20, 1828; married Catharine (daughter of Christopher 
and Margaret) Smith, of Owensville, near New Boston, Ohio, Aug. 
8, 1847. Is a farmer, near New Market, Gallatin Co., 111. (1885) 
Ridgway, 111. 

Ckildren : 

990. I Harriet Louisa,' bom Oct. 13, 1848; died Aug. 6, 
1850. 

99L II. William Andrew,' born Jan. 6, 1850. 

» 

992. IIL Mary Elizabeth,' born Dec, 7, 1851. 

993. IV. Catharine Margaret,' born Oct. 10, 1853. 

994. V. Hylas Christopher,' born Aug. 22, 1855. 

FAMILY 97. 

995. John Douglas' Stiles, [661], {Hylas;^ Job,' AshbeU' 
Rev, Isaac,* John^ John,^ John,^ ) bom at Bremen, Ohio, Aug. 1, 
1840; married Phebe Elizabeth Coop, Jan. 2, 1862. He removed to 
Vicksburg, Miss., in 1870. Mr. John D. Stiles died, from being 
thrown from a hoi-se, Sept. 29, 1876. He was engaged extensively 
in the furniture business, having at one time a branch house at 
Meridian, Miss. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 343 

Children : 

996. I. Laura Lucretia,* born at Shawneetowo, 111., Oct. 18, 

1862. 

997. II. ,* Son, bom and died at Shawneetown, 111., June 

20, 1864. 

998. ni. Alice,* bom at Shawneetown, HI., Dec. 4, 1865. 

999. IV. Harry Lee,* bom at Memphis, Tenn., June 5, 1868; 

died Sept. 24, 1869. 

1000. V. Mayella,* bom at Vicksbur^r, Miss., April 26, 1871. 

1001. VI. Harry Douglas,* bom at Vicksburg, Miss., Dec. 17, 

1874; died Oct. 24, 1884, 

1002. VIL Jean,* born at Vicksburg, Miss., Jan. 1, 1877. 

FAMILY 98. 

1003. Ezra Loomis' Stiles, [6^)3], {Elijah: ilartin,' Lieut. 
Martin,^ LmaCy* Ephraim,^ John,'^ John,^) born at Otis, Mass., March 
11, 1796; married Jan. 29, 1822, in West Arlington, Vt., Sophia 
Hinds, of that place. He removed thence, in 1857, to Skaneatles, 
N. Y., where he now (1885) resides with his daup^hter, Mrs. Orson 
Young. His ocf iipafcion was that of a woolen manufacturer. Mrs. 
Sophia (Hinds) Stiles died at Skaneatles, June 12, 1884, after a 
wedde<l life of over sixty years. 

Children : 

1004. I. MiNEUVA Josephine,^ born at Granville, N. Y., Dec. 8, 
1822; married at Tiiorn Hill, N. Y., John H. Van- 
derburgh. Resides (1885) Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 

Issue : 

1(M)5. i. Charles Franklin, ^^ born March 5, 1852; died August 

3, 18.'i4. 



344 THE STILES GEHEALOOT. 

1006. II. Helen Augusta,^ born March 16, 1828, in West Arling- 
ton, Vt.; married Orson Young, a marble dealer of 
tbatpl6U3e; removed to Skaneatles, in 1851, where 
they now (1885) reside, issue: 

1001. i. Ma.bt Helen, 10 bom Jnne 18, 1854; entered Cazenovia 

Seminary, in 1873 and graduated there 1875 ; married 
April 30, 1879, to Geo. C. Durston, of Skaneatles, 
N. Y. ; bookeeper in Bank of Skaneatles; has (1) Frank- 
lin Stiles (Dunston), born Feb. 13, 1880. 

1008. III. Benjamin Franklin,* bom in W. Arlington, N. T., July 
16, 1830 ; married Mary E. Steams, of Troy, N. Y., 
April 10, 1855. "Was Inspector of Common Schools 
in N. Y. for two terms ; Mayor of Orange Park, Fla., 
for three terms, and (1885) J. P. for Clay Co., Fla.; 
was an original stockholder and first cashier of Bank 
of Skaneatles. Is a Mason of high degree, having 
been honored by the Supreme Council of the 
Northern Jurisdiction of the U. S. with the 32^ in 
A. & A. R. Besides in summer at Skaneatles, N. Y.; 
in winter at Orange Park, Clay Co., Fla., where he 
owns an extensive orange plantation. No issue. 

FAMILY 99. 

1009. Martin Jennings' Stiles. [664], {Elijah,' Martin,' 

Ideuf.. Martin,^ Isaac,* Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) bom at Otis, Mass., 
Feb. 21, 1798; married, Dec. 14, 1817, Mary (daughter of Isaac and 
Elizabeth Sayles) Holt, of Whitesborough, N. Y. 
Mr. Martin Stiles died Nov. 4, 1876. 

Children : 

1010. I. Ezra H.,* bom June 17, 1819 ; killed on the railroad, 

Sept. 29, 1841. 

1011. II. Isaac,' bora Oct. 6, 1821. 



THE CONNECTICUT FMMILY. 345 

1012. m. Chables^' bom Nov. 6, 1823. . o 

1013. iV. Henry,' bom April 7,^ 1825; died Sept. 29, 1830. 

1014. V. George,* bom Aug. 28, 1827. 

1015. VI. Mary,* bom Sept. 26, 1831; niarried Miles. 

. Resides (1885) 40.1 W. Monroe street, Chicago, 111. 

J016. VII. Sarah,* bom Feb. 10, 1833. 

1017. Vin. JuuA,* bom Dec. 19, 1835. 

1018. IX. Henry,* bom Juno 24, 1839 ; resides (1885) Fairport, 

N. T. . , 

FAMILY JOO. ; . 

1019. Deacon Seth Cansey'' Utiles, \&&5\ {Elijah,^ Martin,'' 
Jjieut. Martin,^ Isaac,* Ephraim^ John^ John,^) bom -Nov. 13, 1800 ; 
married Sally (daughter of Eeub^n and Eebecca Weeks), Tobey of 
Pawlet, Vt., Jan. 23, 1828. 

Deacon Seth G. Stiles died Dec. 15, 1861.* Mrs. Sally (Tobey) 
Stiles died, in 1863, 89. about 63.* 

1 ' Children: .f . : . . • . < 

1020. L JuuA A,* bpm at Skaneatles, N. T., Jan. 8, 1830; mar- 

ried Nelson B. Smith, March 27, 1855; resides 
i ) . ; , (1885) Des ^oineis, Iowa. 

1021. n. Stella Rebecca,* born Dec. 20, 1831; died July 31, 
: . i n1832. 

1022. III. Fayette,* bom at Pittsford, N. T., Dec. 27, 1835; died 
)t . / Aug. 4, 1858. 

• Holllster's Pawlet, Vt.,for One Hundred Tears, p. 350. 



346 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

1023. IV. Marun,* born at Pittsford, N. Y., April 29, 1838. 

1024 V. Reuben,* born at Pittsford. N. Y., Feb. 2, 1843. 

FAMILY 101. 

1025. Warren' Stiles, [676], {IVarham/ Martin,'' UeuL 
Martin,^ Isaac,^ Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., 
May 19, 1802; married Betsy Holcomb, of Granby, Conn., May 10, 
1831. She was the daughter of Lieut. Benajah, 2d, innkeeper in 
North part of Simsbury, near West Granby {alias Shock Town), and 
his wife, Mary Case, and was bom July 25, 1807. At time of his 
marriage Warren Stiles was of Corfu, New York.t Removed to 
Darien, Genesee Co., N. Y., in autumn of 1834. 

Mr. Warren Stiles died in 1876. Mrs. Betsy (Holcomb) Stiles 
died in Darien, N. Y., Dec. 31, 1879. 

Children : 

1026. I. Mary Elizabeth,*' born July 6, 1832. 

1027. II. Cornelia Asenath,* bom Sept. 31, 1834; married 

Charles Jones, May 1, 1855. 

1028. III. Hexry,^ bom June 22, 1836. 

1029. IV. Elvira Jennett,^ born Jan 20, 1842. 

1030. V. John Frank,^ bom Jan. 20, 1846. 

FAMILY 102. 

1031. Gardiner^ Stiles, [677], {Warham^ Martin,^ Lieut. 
Martin,^ Inaac,^ Ephraim? John,'^ John,^) born at Hawley, Mass., 
May 13, 1804; married Melinda Moore, of Sand Lake, N. Y. He 
resided at West Hawley, Mass., on the farm now (1885) occupied by 
Sanderson Carter; died about 1872. 

t Dr. F. W. Holcombe. 



THE COMNECTICUT FMMILY. 347 

Children, {born in Hawley, Mass,): 

1032. I. William,^ born Feb. 8, 1829; married Mrs. Martha 

Ingraham. Family 152. 

1033. 11. Harriet," born Sept. 22, 1831; died Aug. 12, 1851. 

1034. in. John T.," bom Jan. 2, 1833; unmarried; is a famous 

angler and wood-chopper. In his youth he could 
cut and pile five cords of wood a day. 

1035. IV. Harvey D.,* born March 1, 1836; married; Family 153. 

1036. V. Fanny C.,* bom Nov. 22, 1840; married July 9, 1858, 

(as second wife) AlonzoF. Turner, of WestHawley, 
Mass., where she resides (1886). Issice, {bom at 
Haioley, Mass.): 

1037. i. Geobge H.,«o born March 30, 1859. 

1038. ii. Chables A., >o born Augnst 13, 1860. 

1039. iiL Iba A.,«o bom May 9, 1862. 

1040. . iv. Rhoda E.,10 bom Sept. 23, 1868. 

1041. V. Arthub a., >o bom May 20, 1873. 

1042. vi. Alonzo F.. w born May 30, 1881. 

1043. VI. Mary Jane,^ born Aug. 13, 1842; married Charles 

Anthony, of Adams, Mass.; removed to Franklin 
Grove, Wis. Issue : 

1044. i. Minnie •« 

1045. ii. Willie. i» 

1046. VII. Cornelia,* born Aug. 12,1844; married Samuel Hor- 

ton. Resides (1885) in Savoy, Mass. Issue : 



348 ^^^ STU£S QEHEMLOQY. 

1047. i. 8<JK.>o ' • • ^ ' ' 

FAMILY 103. 

1048. Martin^ Stiles,' [681], {Warham^ Martin,^ Lieut. 
Martin/ Isaac^* Ephraim,^ John^^ John,^) born at Hawley, Mass., 
May 19, 1812; married Harmenia B. Lemoin, of Hawley; removed 
to North Adams, Mass., where he died about 1879 or '80. 

Children: ^ 

1049. L Augustus Henby,* bom July 28, 1837; followed the sea 

on ^ whaling ship; was wrecked in Baffin's Bay, and 
' ' ' subsequently died from the exposure; unmarried. [ 

1050. II. Clarissa R.,»* born March 20, 1839; mamed, died. 

1051. III. OrviiXe Martin,* bom Jan. 8; 1841; died Feb. 2, 1841. 

i052. IV. George Emerson,* bom Dec. 23, 1841; died Jan. 30,. 

1847. 
I :•:••-:.'.■•> ■ ; 

1053. V. Orville Martin,* born May 12, 1844; married Mary 

A. Whiteman. Family 154. 

i • * • ^■. . . : ^ . .;...■ : s 

1054. VT. Charles Edgar,* bom -June 27, 1846; died July 11, 

1848. 

1055. Vn. William Warren,* born June 21, 1849; kUled by acci- 

dent on railroad. 

1056. Vm. Charles Frederick,* bom Nov. 25 or 27, 1853; married 

JuUa Eddy. Family 155. 

FAMILY 104: 

1057. Horace^ Stiles^ [692], {fVarham,'^ Martin,'^ Lieut. 

Martin,^ laacuc.^ Ephraim,^ John^ John,^)^ bora at Hawley, Mass., 

\ I ' [ [ i 

' ♦ Loomis' Genealogy, liage M2, says B. 



THE COMHECTICUT FAMILY. 349 

Feb. 10, 1819; married Hannah Miller, of Williamsburg, Mass.; 
removed to Wisconsin thirty years ago. Resides with his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Sylvia Cole, in Iowa. Mrs. Hannah (Miller) Stiles 
died . 

Child:, 

1058. I. John Chables,* bom at Mendon, N. T., May 12, 1844.* 

FAMILY 105. 

1059. Rowland^ Stiles, t698], {Warham,^ Martin,^ Lieut. 
Martin^ Isaac* Ephraim^ John^ John^) bom at Hawley, Mass., 
April 15, 183i; married Nov. 18, 1863, Ann Eliza (daughter of Otis 
and Clarissa) Sturtevtot, of Savoy, Mass., born March 29, 1837. 
Resides in West Hawley, Mlass. We ai-e much indebted to him for 
information given in relation to his line of ancestry. 

Children: ' ' . 

1060. L Sarah Ida,* bom Sept. 19, 1864. 

1061. II. Charles Ellsworth,* bora Dea 21, 1865. 

1062. m. Julia A.,* born Aug. 10, 1867; married Edney Barnard, 

Aug. 12, 1882. 

1063. IV. Carrie Ebcma,* bora Oct 27, 1870. 

1064. V. Reuben R,* bora July 30, 1872; died April 12, 1873. 

1065. Vi. Frederick R.,* bora May 30, 1875. ' ^ 

' FAMILY 106! 

1066. Riverius Oarrlngton' Stiles, [703], {Japhet,' Mar^ 

iin^ Ldeut. Martin,^ Isaac* Ephraim? John^ John,^) born at West- 
field, Mass., Oct. 18, 1806; married Persis A. Graves, at Pittsford, 

* Loomit' OenecUoffy, 11.. 665. 



350 THE STILES GENEALOGY, 

N. Y., Feb. 6, 1838; was an iron founder at Eant Bloomfield, Ontario 
Co., N. T.; acting Justice of the Peace for thirty-three years; was 
appointed Postmaster in 1861; when his health failed his daughter, 
Emma, was appointed in his place, which she resigned Sept 1, 1885. 
He died July 5, 1874. 

Mrs. Persis A. (Graves) Stiles died August 11, 1867. 

Children : 

1067. I. Emma,» bom July 20, 1839. 

1068. II. Egbert C.,' bom at East Bloomfield, N. Y., April 14, 

1841; Tie Inspector on Erie Railroad; married 
Mary E. Angle. Family 156. 

1069. III. Albert C.,' born at East Bloomfield, N. Y., Sept. 12, 

]842; married Ida C. Shepard; resides (1885) 193 
Washington street. New Haven, Conn. Family 157. 

1070. IV. Frances,* born July 22, 1844; resides (1886) at East 

Bloomfield, N. Y. 

1071. V. Elizabeth,' bom Sept. 30, 1845; is a teiwher (1886) at 

CoUinsville, Conn. 

1072. VI. Mary Louisa,' bora Sept. 17, 1847; died July 4, 1848. 

1073. VII. Arabella,' born April 15, 1849; resides (1886) at East 

Bloomfield. 

1074. VIII. Oarrington Riverius,' bora Nov. 10, 1850. Teacher of 

Latin at Russells' Commercial College and Military 
Institute, New Haven, Conn., 1885. 

1075. IX. Persis,' bora April 15, 1853. Resides (1886) at East 

Bloomfield. 

1076. X. David,' bora June 30, 1856;^ died Aug. 27, 1870. 

• This from LoamW Omralogy, U., 664. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 351 

FAMILY 107. 

1077. Ethan Dewey' Stiles, [709], (Salmon,' Martin,' 
Lieut, Martin,^ Isaac,* Ephraimf John^ John,^) born at Westfield, 
Mass., Nov. 16, 1805; married Cathariue M. Parmalee, of Windsor, 
Vt., Nov. 21, 1831. Learned the tanner and currier's trade, and 
went into the manufacture of patent and enameled leather, first in 
Springfield, Mass., then in Albany, N. Y., and afterward in New- 
ark, N. J., where he resides (1884) at 18 Cottage street. Has been 
for many years a member of the Central Methodist Episcopal Church 
of Newark. Although now (1885) eighty years old, has never been 
obliged to wear glasses, and is in full enjoyment of vigor and busi- 
ness capacity. 

Children : 

1078. L Samuel Martin,* bom at Pittsfield, Mass., Jan. 19, 

1834;* married. Family 158. 

1079. IT. Charles Henry,* bom at Albany, N. Y., Oct. 24, 1836; 

married. Family 159. 

FAMILY 108. 
1080. Reuben Bannister' Stiles, [710], {Salmon,' Mar- 

tin,' Lieut. Martin,^ Isaac,* Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) bom at West- 
field, Mass., March 5, 1808; married Oct. 2, 1830, Adaline Janes, of 
Bethlehem, N. Y., bom July 12, 1811. He was a clothier in Albany, 
N. Y. He died at Albany, N. Y.. March 30, 1875. 

Mi-s. Adaline (Janes) Stiles died at Albany, N. Y., March 23, 
1876. 

Children : 

1081. I. Edward,* born Dec. 18, 1831; died July 25, 1833. 

1082. II. W. Edward,* born September 12, 1833; resides (1885) 

4 Beekman Place, New York. 



* Pit^/Uld Records, Bk. vll., p 665. 



352 THE STILES QEMEALOOY. 

1083. III. EusHAMA,' born June 2, 1837; drowned July 16, 1845. 

# 

1084. IV. DeWitt Clinton,* bom March 12, 1842; married 

Elizabeth Van Zandt. Family leO. ; A 

1085. V. Charles Augustus,* bom Sept 4, 1843; died Aug. 28, 

l844.^ 

1086. VI. Anna Maru,* bom April. 9, 1847. 

1087. Vn. Charles Augustus,* bora April 9, 1850. 

. FAMILY 109. 

1088. Martin.® Stiles, [711], {Edward^ Martin,^ Lieuf. 
Martin,^ Isaa/Cy Ephraim^ John^ John,^) bom Sept. 27, 1822, at 
Westfield, Mass..; married May 1, 1855, Elvirah C. (daughter of 
Orrin and Sally) Hitchcock, of Monson, Mass., who was bom Jan. 
26, 1828, and who died April 6, 1869. 

Mr, Martin Stiles is (1885) a farmer in Westfield, Mass. 

Childreriy {born at Westfield, Mass.) : . . i , 

1089. I. Carrie P.,* bora Oct. 13, 1860; married Jan. 10, 1883, 

Austin Q. Thrasher, of Huntington, Mass., . 

1090. II. DwiGHT B.,* bora Feb. 14, 1863; died May 14, 1864. 

1091. III. Maria L.,* bom April 2, 1865. 

1092. IV. Elvira C.,' bom March 26, 1869. 

FAMILY 110. . 

1093. Daniel® Stiles, [721], {Edivard; Martin,^ Lieut. 
Martin,^ Isaac,* Ephraim^ John^ John,^) bora Sept. 22, 1822, at West- 
field, Mass.; is (1885) a farmer at Westfield. He married Oct. 31, 
1866, Amorette L. Cowles, of Westfield. 



THE COMMECTICUT FMMILY 353 

Children^ {bom at Weslfieldy Mass.): 

1094. I. Lena V.,* born Jan. 9, 1868; died Feb. 23, 1872. 

1095. 11. Edgar 0.,» born Feb. 13, 1869. 

1096. ni. Bertie D.; bom Dec. 4, 1874; died July 17, 1875. 

1097. IV. Amy L.,'» bom Oct. 27, 1879. 

FAMILY 111. 

1098. Isaac ^ Stiles, [723], {Isaac^ Martin,^ Lievi. Martin^ 
Isaac* Ephraim^ John? John,^) born March 15, 1813; mai-ried, 
September 24, 1836, Amanda Shepard, of Westfield, Maas. 

Children, {all born at Westfieldy Mass.): 

1099. L Sarah,' born Febmary 4, 1839; died Febmary 20, 1839. 

1100. IL BuRAGE H.,« bom May 22, 1842. 

1101. m. Isaac Ellsworth,' bom June 11, 1846. 

FAMILY 112. 

1102. Stacy Potter ^Stiles, [724], {Isaac,' Martin,^ Lieut. 
Martin? Isaac? Ephraim? John? John?) born August 14, 1814; 
married Jane Fisher, of Albany, N. Y., Dec. 31, 1846. 

He died May 28, 1863. Slie died Jan. 15, 1879. 

Child: 

1103. I. Caroline Amanda,' bom Aug. 23, 1851; married Dec. 

11, 1883, Benj. A. Briggs. Resides Troy, N. Y. 
Child: 

1104. i. Benjamin F.io born Feb. 2, 1885. 



354 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

FAMILY 113. 

1105. Henry B/ Stiles, [729], {haac;^ Martin,^ Lieut Marlin? 
Isaac* Ephraim^ John^ John,^) bom at Bethlehem, N. T., Nov. 13, 
1822; married (1) Jan. 5, 1848, Rebecca C. (daughter of Joseph and 
Fanny Latham) Bridge, who died Jan. 16, 1857; married (2) Nov. 5, 
1873, Mrs. Hattie Eaton (daughter of Alonzo and Cynthia Warner) 
Clark, of Connecticut. Mr. Stiles went to Westfield in 1843, where 
he got his schooling and learned the trade of whip making. Resided 
also in New Haven, Conn, and Windsor, Broome Co., N.T., before he 
removed to Passaic, N. J., in 1875, and where he still (1885) resides. 

Child, {by first wife): 

1106. I. Frederic Gladwin,'* bom at Westfield, Mass., Dec. 3, 
1852; married Florence V. Hunt. Family 161. 

FAMILY 114. 

1107. Jerome B.« Stiles, [741], {Heary^ Martin,' Ueui. 
Martin,^ Isaac* Ephraim^ John,^ John,^) bom in Westfield, Mass., 
August 11, 1832; married Oct. 24, 1860, Julia A. (dauprhter of 
James and Emeline Hubbard) Fairfield, born in Pittstield, Mass., 
Aug. 30, 1834. Besides (1885) in Richmond, Mass. 

Children: 

1108. L Charles R.,»bom Sept. 29, 1864; died Nov. 29, (30 in 

Town Records), 1865. 

1109. n. Carrie B.,« bom April 12, 1868. 

1110. ni. Cora M.,' born July 2, 1870. 

FAMILY 115. 

1111. Lewis' Stiles, [743], {Henry ^Martin,' LieuL Martin,^ 
Isaac,* Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) born Jan. 22, 1836; married April 
29, 1856, Emily Frances (daughter of Henry and Elizabeth R.) 
Loomis, born in Southwick, Mass., Sept. 12, 1838. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 355 

Mr. Lewis Stiles is a carpenter, residing (1885) at Southwiek, 
Mass. 

Children {bom at Southtvick, Mass.): 

1112. L Frances Elizabeth,' bom April 2, 1857; married Oct. 

15, 1876, Elroy (son of Edwin) Gilbert, of South- 
wick, where she resides, 1885. Children; bom in 
Southtvick : 

1113. i. Edna Sophia,^ born May 20. 1878. 

1114. ii. Nina Mat.w bom Sept. 12, 1880. 

1115. iii. Cheney ELBOT.wborn Jan. 16, 1884. 

1116. II. Henry Loomis,* born Nov. 27, 1858; married Mary S. 

Bagg, of Bemardstown, Mass. Faboly 162. 

1117. m. Emma J.,* bom March 4, 1861; married (as his second 

wife) W. C. (son of Amos and Amelia) Wheaton, of 
New Britain, Conn., March 12, 1885. * No issue. 
Resides (188{j^ Southwiek, Mass. 

1118. IV. Arthur Lewis,' bom Nov. 15, 1863; died July 12, 1864. 

1119. V. Jason Elbridge,' bom June 5, 1865. Resides at South- 

wiek, Mass. 

1120. VI. Jessie M.,»bom Aug. 26, 1867. 

1121. VII. Charles L.,' bom in Hart, Mich., March 27, 1869; 

died Feb. 26, 1872, at Southwiek, Mass. 

1122. VTII. Freddie Lewis,' bom in Southwiek, Mass., Nov.* 

25, 1872. 

■ — » ■■ — ■ 

* Southwiek Reo. Dee. 



356 THE STILES GEMEMLOQY. 

FAMILY 116. 

1123. Henry Rolling Stiles, [744], {Heavy,' Martin,^ Lieut. 
Martin,^ Isaac* Ephraim^ John^ John,^) bora Oct 4, 1838, at 
Westfield, Mass.; married Feb. 24, 1870, Mary Dewey. Mr. Stiles 
is a builder. Resides (1885) at Westfield, Mass. 

Children : 

1124. I. Mabel F.,» born Nov. 26, 1871; died Sept. 26, 1881. 

1125. II. Harry R.,»born Nov. 11, 1872. 
1026. III. Amy C.,' bora June 6, 1874 

1127. IV. Chester D.,» ) 

V Twins, bora Oct. 21, 1877. 

1128. V. Charles A.,« ) 

FAMILY 117. 

1129. Edwin^ Stiles, [746], {Charles,^ Martin,^ Lieut 
Martin,^ Isaac* Ephraim^ John^ John,^) born Aug. 18, 1819, in 
Augusta, N. Y.; married Rhoda C. Holmes, of Vernon Centre, N. Y., 
Nov. 18, 1841. He is a farmer. Resides at Augusta Centre, 
Oneida Co., N. Y. 

Children : • 

1130. I. Harriet Sophia,' bora Aug. 6, 1843; married Feb. 6, 

1868, Isaac Theodore Thompson, who died Dec. 
10, 1879. 

1131. II. Horace,' born May 24, 1845; died Aug. 28, 1846. 

1132. III. Warren,' bora Aug. 9, 1848; married Dec. 15, 1880, 

Elizabeth Hajward. Children : Isaac Edwin and 
Agnes Rhoda. 

1133. IV. Ellery,' born Nov. 28, 1852; married Dec. 18,^1873, 

Susie C. Lyman. Child: Jessie Louisa. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 357 

1134. V. Henry,'* bom Dec. 7, 1854, (or '55); married Dec. 18, 
1882, Emma H. Greene. 

FAMILY 118. 

1135. Horace' Stiles, [747J, {Charles,' Martin,^ Lievl. 
Mariin^ Isaac, ^ Ephraim^ John^ John,^) born in Augusta, N. Y., 
Sept. 28, 1820; married Harriet Jane Webster, of Mendon, N. Y. 
Dec. 15, 1842. Is a farmer, residing upon the farm which he has 
occupied for 41 years, at Middlebui-y, Wyoming Co., N. Y. P. O. 
address, Linden, Genesee Co., N. Y. 

Child: 

1136. I. John Charles,® born at Middlebury, Wyoming Co., 
N. Y., May 12, 1844; married Katie Cooper. 
Family 163. 

FAMILY 118^. 

1137. Denison' Stiles, [756], {Charles,' Martin,^ Lieul. 
Martin,^ Isaac,* Ephraim,^ John,^ John,^) born in Augusta, N. Y., 
April 9, 1825; married May 25, 1851, Cornelia W. Patch, at Patch 
Grove, Grant Co., Wis. Farmer. 

Mr. Denison Stiles died at Patch Grove, Grant Co. Wis., March 
27, 1857. 

Children, {born at Patch Grove, Wis,): 

1138. L Charles H.,* bom May 18, 1853; died Aug. 12, 1856. 

1139. IL Olive EmilV born April 13, 1855; died Nov. 16, 1855. 

1140. m. Chauncey,' bom March 2, 1857; married Mary Reedy. 

Family 164. 



358 TH£ STiLES QENEMLOOY. 

FAMILY 118^. 

1141. Norman' Stiles, [756*], {Charles,^ Martin,^ lAeut. 
Martin,^ Isaac,* ^ Ephraim^ John^ John}) born in Augusta, N. Y., 
Jan. 27, 1835; married in Augusta, Spring of 1857. 

Norman Stiles was a carpenter; died June 17, 1876, in Middle- 
bury, N. Y. Mrs. Stiles died in Summer of 1870. 

Child: 

1142. I. Ettie,® bom Feb. 22, 1869; was adopted by Cornelius 
Jones, of Attica, N. Y. 

FAIMLY 119. 

1143.. Gen Israel' Newton Stiles, [758], {An^tm} Israel,* 
Israel,^ Isaac,* Ephraim^ John^ John}) bom at Suffield, Conn., July 
16, 1833; removed to Lafayette, Ind., in 1853; was admitted to the 
bar of that State, 1854 { entered the army as a priTate, May 1861, in 
the Twentieth Indiana Volunteer Infantry; become Lieutenant, 
Major, Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel; and was made Brevet Brigadier 
General, for gallantry at the battle of Franklin, Tenn., Nov. 30, 
1864; was in very many important battles; was a prisoner in the 
Libby Prison for two months; was wounded at Resacca, and served 
continuously until the close of the war, when he removed to Chicago, 
111., aud entered the practice of law. He was City Attomey, 1869- 
73; President of the Chicago Bar Association, 1880; is still in full 
practice and has much prominence as a lawyer and public speaker. 

Gen. Stiles has read several papers before the Chicago Philo- 
sophical Society, some of which have been printed, viz.: "Human 
Life," (1873); ''Doubt," (1874); "The Utility of Morals," (1875); 
" Pontics," (1876); *' The Genesis of the Belief in the Immortality 
of the Soul, (1877); "Inspiration," (1877); "The Growing Power of 
Monopolies," (1880); He has been twice married, (1) Oct. 31, 
1860, to Jenny Coney, bom at Sag Harbor, N. Y., 1837), who died 
at Chicago, 111., April 18, 1877. She was a woman of rare in- 
telligence and superior culture, and in common with her husband 



THE CONNECTICUT FAM/LY, 359 

was a free thinker, and gloried in being so, and up to the hour of 
her death, and knowing that she was about to pass away, she re- 
mained firm in her convictions. Her early life was devoted to 
teaching music, an accomplishment in which she excelled. In 
the Fall of 1860 sh,e was married in Lafayette, Ind., and in the 
following Winter, accompanied her husband to the war. She 
was present at two battles, and in one of them a shell burst only a 
few feet from her. She was not only an accomplished musician, but 
a fine linguist, and was ardently devoted to literary pursuits. She 
belonged to a literary society called the *'Athenea," of which she was 
at one time Pi'esident Married (2) Antoinette C. Wright, April 29, 
1881. 

Children: {all by first toife): 

1144. I. Theodosu,* born Aug. 25, 1862. 

1145. IL Harry Bacon/ bom Aug. 2, 1866. 

1146. in. KoBiN Baxter,* bom Dec. 11, 1868. 



FAMILY 120. 

1147. Charles Judson^ Stiles, [759], {Anson,'^ Israel,^ 

Israel^ Isaac^* Ephraim,^ John^ John^^) bom at Suffield Conn., 

married May 2, 1866, Carrie L. (daughter of Thomas H. and Mi- 
randa) Austin. Is a farmer on the old Stiles Homestead, at Suf- 
field, Conn. 

Children : 

1148. I. Herbert Charles,' bom Sept 7, 1867. 

1149. II. Eugenia Clara,' bom May 9, 1871. 

1150. in. Ida Louise,' bom June 5, 1876. 



360 THE STILES GEMEALOGY. 

FAMILY 121. 

1151. Franklin Rudolph^ Stiles, [772J, {Anson,' Israel,* 

Israel,^ Isacu-,* Ephraim^ John^ John,^) born at Suffield Conn., ; 

married March 18, 1885, Dania Donevan, at Davenport N. T. 

Children : 
115-2. I. Isabella,^ bom Nov. 14, 1886. 

FAMILY 123. 

1153. DanieP Stiles, [786], {Letois,^ Daniel,^ Daniel,^ 
Isaac,* Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) bom in Huntington Township, 
Luzerne Co., Pa., Oct. 16, 1812; received a common school educa- 
tion; when quite young was engaged as a clerk in store of George 
Bowman, a prosperous merchant. Mr. Sfciles was in mercantile busi- 
ness for several years at Nanticoke, Luzerne Co., Pa., and then 
removed to Weatherly Carbon Co., Pa., where he resided until his 
<ieath, April 12, 1880. He was a devout member of the Prebyterian 
(Church, and one of its ruling elders; filled several minor pl^u^s of 
trust; was a Democrat in politics. 

He married Feb. 22, 1836, Hannah E. (daughter of Ebenezer 
and Elizabeth) Bacon, of South Coventry, Conn., a member of the 
well-known family of that nkme in that section of the country. After 
the death of her father in South Coventry, the family removed to 
Huntington Township, Luzerne Co., Pa., the death of her mother occur- 
ing in 1844. Mr. Ebenezer Bacon was an extensive manufacturer of 
woolen goods in his day. Mrs. Daniel Stiles is a woman of fine 
scholarly abilities, and was a graduate of the best schools in South 
Coventy. 

Children : 

1154. I. Wilbur Lane,* born at Huntington, Pa., March 15; 

died March 31, 1837. 

1155. II. Washington Lee,'* born at Huntington, Pa., July 19, 

1846; married Feb. 19, 1865, Maria M., (daughter 
of Valentine) Smith, Esq., of W. I. Mr. W. L. Stiles 
has for many years been Assistant Weighmaster of 
the Lehigh Valley R. K. Family 157. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 361 

1156. m. Frances Millard,'* bdm at Nanticoke, Pa., June 3, 

1841. 

1157. IV. Augusta Eliza,' born at Nanticoke, Pa., Dec. 8, 1842; 

died Aug. 1, 1848, at Huntington. 

1168. V. Stanley Boynton,' born at Huntington, Pa., Dec. 7, 
1845; died June 2, 1874, at Weatherly. 

1159. VI. Mary Amanda,* born at Huntington, Pa., March 20, 
1850; died April 10, 1860, at Weatherly, Pa. 

FAMILY 124. 

1160. Nathan Dodson' Stiles, [787], (Lewis,-^ Daniel,' 

Daniel,^ Isaac,^ Ephraim,^ John, John,^) born in Huntington 
Township, Luzerne Co., Pa., July 14, 1814; married at Wilkes- 
barre. Pa., March 2, 1837, Eachel B. (daughter of William and 
Martha Barnes) Egbert, of Montgomery Co., Pa. He resided 
nearly all his life at Town Hill, Pa.; was appointed Postmaster 
during the early part of President Pierce*s administration, in 1853, 
and held the office until 1861. He was a tailor, and always 
actively pursued his calling. In 1863, he was appointed Deputy 
Sheriff and Warden of the Jail at Wilkesbarre, which office he 
held until after the close of the Civil Rebellion, when he re- 
moved to New York, and was employed in Butterick's Fashion 
Establishment, until ill health compelled his return to Wilkes- 
barre, when he died, May 28, 1871. In person he was of medium 
height, slight in weight and of rather delicate features ; brown 
hair and eyes, and was of a lively and humorous disposition. 
Mrs. Stiles was living in 1885. 

Children: 

1161. I. Maktha Elizabeth,' born April 26, 1844; appointed 
Money Order Clerk in the Wilkesbarre Postoffice 
Aug. 1, 1871, which post she resigned from fail- 
ing health Sept. 1, 1884. Kesided (1885) 89 
Parish street, Wilkesbarre, Pa. 



n&2 TH£ STiLES GENEMLOGY. 

1102. 11. AsENATH DoDSON,' born Sept. 29, 1845 ; died June 2, 

1847. 

« 

1163. IIL Egbert White,^ born April 29, 1847; married Capi- 
tolia Baker in 1881. Resides Scranton, Pa. la 
a cabinet maker, hsue: ■ , 

1164 L Helen Thebbsa. >o born February, 1883. 

1165. IV. Alice,^ bom May 26, 1849; died May 28, 1849. 

1166. V. John Franklin,^ bom Nov. 17, 1851; died Nov. 20, 

1852. 

1167. VI. Maria Rosaline,^ born Aug. 22, 1853; died Aug. 31, 

1854. 

1168. VII. Emma Arabelle,^ born Jan. 30, 1855; married June 

15, 1875, Dr. John M. Cressler, of Wilkesbarre, 
Pa., where they reside (1885). Issue: 

1169. i. James Meios.'o bom and died Aug. 9, 1876. 

1170. ii. Edwin Stilek,'o born Mfty 7, 1879. (weighing, at the end 

of ft week, when dressed, Ij^ pounds — being one of 
the smallest living children on record). 

1171. iii. Caroline R.,>o born Dec. 14, 1880; died Jan. 18, 1881. 

1172. iv. Mary Adaline,»o bom March 27, 1884. 

FAMILY 125. 
1173. Richard Dodson' Stiles, 1788), (Leivk,' Damel,' 

Darnel,^ Isaac,^ Ephraim,^ Johi^ JoJut,^) born in Huntington 
Township, Luzerne Co., Pa., Feb. 16, 181(5; securing a limited 
common school education, remained at home, assisting his 
father in the tanning business, until he was sixteen years of age. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMUT 303 

He then became clerk for Lane & Bowman, at Berwick, Pa., from 
whence he went to Beaver Meadow for a short time ; and then 
became clerk for his brother Daniel, at Nanticoke, Pa. In 1839 
he returned to Beaver Meadow, and entered the employ of Vance 
& Co., of whose store, at Weatherly, he took charge in 1844. In 
1846 the business was purchased by Wm. Milnes, who retained 
Mr. Stiles as superintendent, and subsequently sold it to him. 
His business prospered; until 1850 he was associated with Mr. 
Valentine Smith, in the building and repairing of the B. M. Rail- 
road Co.'s coal cars, and he was also engaged with Mr. Josiah 
McMurtrie, contractor, in the construction of the Hazelton Rail- 
road. 

Mr. Stiles was a leader in all enterprises for the growth and 
improvement of Weatherly. He took great interest in the cause 
of education ; established a select school, and was active in the 
securing of competent teachers, etc. He was an earnest and 
devout member of the Presbyterian Church, in which he was a 
ruling elder. It was through his exertions, mainly, that the 
present church edifice was erected, he contributing largely of his 
means. 

In 1855 he disposed of his store and residence and removed 
to Morrison, Whitende Co., 111., much to the regret of his nu- 
merous friends. At Morrison he engaged in the banking busi- 
ness. During the late war he removed to Chicago, where he 
became connected with the Board of Trade, and engaged in grain 
speculations and general commission business. 

Mr. Stiles was a man of strict and correct business princi- 
ples ; generous and obliging, a kind and indulgent father, and a 
loving husband. 

In 1838 he married Maria T. Burroughs, born in 1816, near 
Philadelphia, Pa., who survives him. Residence (1885) 2719 
Indiana avenue, Chicago, 111. 

Mr. Richard Dodson Stiles died in Chicago, HI., Jan 2, 1884. 



364 THE STILES GENEALOGY, 

Children: 

1174. L Mary B.,* bom at Beaver Meadow, 1840; married 

1859, at Morrison, Thomas Criffin, farmer. 
Residence (1885) Dixon, lU. Issue (all bom at 
Morrison) : 

1175. i Katb M.,»o bom 1860; married 1879, L. T, Stocking, City 

Attorney, Morrison, HI. 

1176. ii. BicHABD S., »> bom 1863. 

1 177. iii. Hknby T., » bom 1864. 

1178. iv. Robert A., w bom 1866. 

1179. T. Maby E. . w bom 1869. 

1180. Ti. Sabah A.,»o bom 1876. 

1181. Yii. Mabel B.,'» bom 1878. 

1182. n. Charles L.,* born at Weatberly, Pa,, 1842; died in 

Chicago, 111., 1871, after serving through the 
whole of the late war, in the Thirteenth Illinois 
Volunteer Infantry Regiment. 

1183. III. Anna," born at Weatberly, Pa., 1845; died in Chi- 

cago, III, 1868. 

1184. IV. Edward,^ bom at Weatberly, Pa., in 1849; died at 

Chicago, 111., in 1868. 

1185. V. Emily T.,« bom at Weatberly, Pa., in 1852; married 

1884, Edward Clark. Resides (1885) 2719 Indi- 
ana Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

1186. VI. Lizzie M.,^ born at Weatberly, Pa., 1854; married 

Newton Wheeler in 1881. Resides (1885) Chi- 
cago, 111. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 365 

FAMILY 126. 

1187. Stephen Dodson^ Stiles, [789], (Lewk;^ Daniel,'^ 
Daniel,^ Isaac,^ Ephraim,^ John,^ John,^) born in Huntington 
Township, Pa., March 14, 1818; married (1) Elizabeth Inman ; 
married (2) Sept. 23, 1856, Hannah (daughter of John and Cyn- 
thia) Dobson, born in Salem, Luzerne Co., Pa., March 16, 1834. 
He resides (1885) on the old homestead at Town Hill, Pa. Is a 
farmer. 

Children: 

1188. L Sybil,^ born May 7, 1859. 

1189. n. KameblV bom April 18, 1867. 

FAMILY 127. 

1190. Ellas B/ Stiles, [790] {Leiois,' Daniel,'' Daniel,^ 
haac,^ Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) born in Huntington Township, 
Luzerne Co., Pa., March 6, 1820. There he spent his child- 
hood and early youth, reared in industry and always ready for 
work. His earlier education was gained at the common schools 
of his native town. Although he labored under many disadvan- 
tages in acquiring an education, he studiously improved his op- 
portunities and gained a fair knowledge of the ordinary English 
branches. 

At the age of 19 he accepted a situation in a store at 
Wilke8barre,Pa.,the county seat, where he remained for a period 
of about a year, but being ambitious and anxious to be inde- 
pendent, he resolved to come West, which he did, and came to 
Dixon, ni., where he located in 1840, and in which place he 
resided until his death. 

In the development of the country in and around Lee 
County, Mr. Stiles was one of the most active and enterprising 
men of the day. Being a man of great perseverance and untir- 
ing energy, he accumulated property very rapidly, and as he was 



366 THE STiL£S GENEALOGY. 

just becoming satisfied with his surroundings, reverses came, and 
he lost his property much more rapidly. Thus obliged to com- 
mence again, he bravely looked his disasters in the face, and en- 
deavored to regain his former sound financial footing. In 1862 
he was triumphantly elected County Treasurer of Lee County on 
an Independent ticket, and for twelve years faithfully discharged 
the duties of his office. His continued elections to this office 
demonstrated the fact that few men had more devoted friends 
than he. 

In 1862 he was nominated for Congress against Hon. E. B. 
Washburne, the contest being one of the most exciting which 
ever occured in that State. Both candidates were exceedingly 
popular, and the friends of each were determined that their man 
should win, but Mr. Stiles was defeated by about 162 votes. 
He was afterward a member of the Democratic State Central 
Committee, and occupied the position of Treasurer of the organ- 
ization. He was frequently urged to accept the nomination for 
some prominent office, but emphatically declined to enter poli- 
tics as a candidate. 

In politics Mr. Stiles was originally a Whig, but afterward 
became a firm adherent of the principles of the Democratic 
party, although not so much of a politician as to support un- 
worthy candidates merely for party sake. He always took an 
active part in the politics of the State, and on several occasions 
his numerous friends earnestly desired to run him for Congress, 
but he so positively declined to enter the field for honors of 
that kind that his friends concluded to let him do his work " on 
the outside." 

During the past few years of his life, Mr. Stiles operated ex- 
tensively in grain matters on the Board of Trade, and his oper- 
ations were large and extremely profitable. Personally he had 
rare qualities, and by his upright course of life, his manly deport- 
ment and independence of character, won for himself a most 
honorable reputation. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 367 

Mr. Stiles was a plain, unassuming though genial gentle- 
man, social and obliging as a neighbor, kind, warm-hearted as a 
friend, hospitable and generous to all; quick of observation and 
prompt in busin9S8 as he was generous in his social relations, 
thoroughly meriting the esteem in which he held by his fellow 
citizens and those who had the pleasure of his acquaintance. 

Mr. Stiles married Sybil 0. Van Norman, who died at Coun- 
cil Bluff Iowa, in 1884 He died in Chicago, 1883. 

Children : 

1191. I. Charles,^ born in Dixon, III, Sept. 18, 1848; died 

in Chicago, in 1882, aged about 35 years. 

1192. n. Alexander C.,*^ born in Dixon, III, July 18, 1854 ; 

•farmer; unmarried. 

1193. ni. Eugene B.,« born in Dixon, III, Nov. 8, 1861; un- 

married. 

FAMILY 128. 

1194. Hon. John Dodson* Stiles, [791 1, (Leiris,' Dan- 
\el,^ Daniel,^ Isaac,* Ephram,^ John,- John,^) born at Town Hill, 
Pa., Jan. 15, 1823 ; married June 11, 1849, Mary Amanda (daugh- 
ter of John S.) Gibbons, of AUenbown, Pa., born Dec. 10, 1826, 
and who died Jan. 23, 1880, at AUontown. Mr. Stiles received an 
academic education ; was admitted to the bar at Mauch Chunk, 
Pa., June 24, 1844 ; and at AUentown, Pa., Sept. 5, 1844 ; in 
1853, was elected District Attorney of Lehigh County^ Pa., and 
held the office three years ; was a delegate to the National Con- 
vention of 1856, which nominated Mr. Buchanan to the Presi- 
dency ; and in 1862, was elected to the 37th U. S. Congress for 
the unexpired term of his friend, T. B. Cooper, deceased. He 
served on the Committee on Expenditures in the State Depart- 
ment, and on Eevolutionary Claims. He was re-elected for the 



.%8 . THE STiLES GEMEALOGT 

full term of the 38th and of the 40th Congress ; was a delegate 
to the Chicago Convention of 1864 ; to the Philadelphia National 
Union Convention of 1866, and to the New York Democratic 
Convention of 1868, in which year he was re-elected for the full 
term of the 41st Congress, which expired March 4, 1871. (Lan- 
mftns Biog, Diet of U. S, Congress,) 

He is now (1886) practicing his profession in Allentown, in 
company with his seccmd son, under the firm name of Stiles & 
Son. 

Childrei) : 

1195. I. John Lewis,' bom March 17, 1853; married Emma 

Staht, . Family 169. 

1196. II. Harry Gibbons,* bom Dec. 16, 1856 ; is an attomey- 

at-law (1885), Allentown, Pa. 

1197. III. Mary Amanda,^ born Sept. 3, 1859 ; married June 21, 

1883, John D. Ulrich, Esq., Attorney-at-Law, of 
Allentown, Pa. 

1198. IV. Clarence Herman,* bom twin to Mary A., Sept. 3,, 

1859. 

1199. V. Charles Frederic,^ born June 20, 1862. 

1200. VI. Blanche G.,^ bom Nov. 20, 1866. 

FAMILY 129. 

1201. Samuel 0/ Stiles, [792J, (Lewis,' Damef, Daniel,^ 
Isaac,^ Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) bom at Town Hill, Luzerne Co., 
Pa., March 6, 1824; married July 17, 1853, Anna Maria Larned, 
born March 13, 1832, at Troy, Luzerne Co., Pa. Residence 
(1885) Dallas, Oregon. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 369 

Children: 

1202. I. Willis Eugene,*^ bom Oct. 9, 1855 ; died Feb. 2, 1856^ 

at Dixon, 111. 

1203. II. Frank Arthur,'* born June 24, 1859, at Dixon, III; 

married Aug. 11, 1884, at Dallas, Polk Co.,. 
Oregon. 

FAMILY 130. 

1204 Lieut. Charles Dey^ Stiles, [799], {Daniel R.,^ Daniel,^ 
Daniel,^ IsaxiCy* Ephraim,^ John? John,^), born Oct. 4, 1820 ; went 
to England in 1849, and established, at Newington, a large bowl- 
ing saloon, or sporting house, on the American plan, which was 
called " The Portico Bowling Saloon," and which became a some- 
what noted resort, especially for sea-faring men. While in Eng- 
land he was a member of Harmonic Lodge, No. 253, United 
Grand Lodge F. and A. M.^ of Liverpool, England, his diploma 
bearing date of Dec. 19, A. L. 6848 ; A. D. 1849. After a resi- * 
dence of eleven years abroad, he returned to New York City, 
where he kept a large bowling saloon in the Gothic Building on 
Broadway (No. 316), formerly known as "Masonic Hall." 

Before going to England, Mr. Stiles had been an active 
. member of the N. Y. State Militia, serving as Adjutant in the 
brigade commanded by Brig. General Henry Storms, who says 
of him in a certificate dated August, 1848, that he " outranks all 
the first lieutenants in the line of his regiment, and is a good 
and faithful officer. His standing and rank entitle him to that 
of a captaincy." After his wife's death, which occurred at New- 
ark, N. J., in 1855, he entered the service of the United States, 
in the regular army. He met a soldier's death at Pools ville,Md.,, 
Dec. 14, 1862, as thus narrated in the iiewspapers of the day:. 

Washington, D. C, Dec. 15, 1862: 
"Last night, about 8 o'clock, rebel cavalry under Major 
White, about 395 strong, made a raid into Poolesville, Md. They 



370 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

found there 35 men of Company L (Scott's Nine Hundred), 11th 
Regiment, New York Volunteers^ quartered in a wooden build- 
ing. After a brief but determined struggle, and when the build- 
ing was on fire, Lieut. Smith and 17 men of Company L surren- 
dered and were paroled. 

" On our side the loss was one killed — Lieut. Charles D. Stiles 
— and two wounded, namely, Lieut Smith and Corp. Berry. 
The rebels lost two killed and 13 wounded. Of course they took 
ev rything valuable from the men they paroled, and thoroughly 
stripped the body of Lieut. Stiles, who was, according to the 
testimony of Col. James B. Swain, one of the bravest men that 
ever served his country. He had been ten years in the regular 
service." — New York Times, Dec. 15, 1862. 

His character and death were fitly commemorated by his 
commanding officer in the following general order : 

Headquabtkbs Scott's 9u0. IT. 8. V. C. 

Camp Reubf, Deo. 18. 1862. 
The commandiDg officer regrets to anoounce the death, in battle, of Lient. 
Stiles, of L Company. 

He was an intelligent officer and a brave man. He died as a brave man would 
wish to die, in the front ranks, where the^ foe was the thickest. 

His late associates should cherish his memory as a comrade and emulate his 
example as a soldier. By order, 

Jambs B. Swain, Colonel. 

Lieut, stiles married Harriet Newell Woods, of Morristown, 
N. J., Sept. 19, 1841. 

Children : 

1205. I. Anna Maria,» born June 20, 1843; died at Brooklyn, 

N. Y., Feb. 16, 1869; was a communicant in St. 
John's Protestant Episcopal Church. 

1206. II. Charles Henry,^ born Sept. 19, 1847; married; is a 

printer ; has been engaged in New York on the 
Sun and Times, and at present (1885) on the 
Boston HercM. No issue. 



THE COMNeCTICUT FAMILY. 371 

1207. in. Charles Dey,^ born in England. 

1208. IV. Caroline Barton,'* born in England. 

1209. V. Daniel Osborn,* born in England. 

1210. VL Sarah Elizabeth,* born in England. 

1211. Vn. Anna Maria,* born in England. 

1212. Vin. f died an infant. 

FAMILY 131. 
1213. James Barber^ Stiles, [816], (JosiaK' Aaahel,^ 

Zebediah/^ Ephraim,* Ephraim,^ John? John?) bom at Hubbardton, 
Vt., Nov. 16, 1818; married Susan E. Smith, at Benson, Vt., Jan. 
18, 1849. He is a farmer, at (1885) Clayton, Mich. 

GhiU: 
1214. L Myra H.,« born . 



FAMILY 132. 
1215. Ambrose Whipple' Stiles, M. D., [817], (Jo%iah; 

Asahel? Zebediah? Ephraim* Ephraim? John? John?) bom at 
Hubbardton, Vt, Oct. 28, 1820 ; married Jane R Gage, of Sud- 
bury, Vt., June 3, 1846 ; graduated at Castleton (Vt.) Medical 
College, and died in Castleton, Vt., July 27, 1872. 

Mrs. A. W. Stiles is (1885) matron of a Kindergarten school^ 
No. 52 Chestnut street, Boston, Mass. 

Children: 

1216. L Jeanie L.,' married Eoswell Clark. Besidence (1885) 

Orwell, Vt. 

1217. n. Adrian W.» 



372 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

1218. m. Nellie BJ 

1219. rv. James Theodore.' 

FAMILY 133. 
1220. Ancel Clement' Stiles, [818], (Jodah;^ Asahei; 

Zebediah,^ Ephraimy^ Ephraim,^ John,^ John^,) born at Hubbard- 
ton, Vt., April 13, 1823 ; married Sybil H. Briggs, Feb. 12, 1851. 
He is (1885) proprietor of the Temperance Hotel at May- 
wood, IlL 



Children : 

1221. L Otto D.' 

1222. n. Nellie 

FAMILY 133 A. 



V twins. 



1223. Lorren Monroe' Styles. M. D., [820J, (Josiah;' 

Asahd,^ Zebediahy^ I^hraim,* Ephraim,^ John,^ John^^) born at 
Hubbardton, Vt., April 24, 1828 ; graduated at Castleton (Vt.) 
Medical College ; married Maria B. Francis, Jan. 17, 1883. Dr. 
L. M. Stiles died in Eutland, Vt., March, 1883. 
Mrs. Stiles resides (1885) at Eutland, Vt. 

Children : 

1224. L Ida Maria,' born Nov. 4, 1853; died Jan. 8, 1876. 
She married W. Frank Winship, of Boston, 
General Insurance Agent, No. 25 Pearl street, 
Albany, N. Y. 

FAMILY 134. 

1225. Rev. Lorren^ Stiles, L833], Lcyrren,' Aaahel,^ Zebe- 
diah,^ Ephraim,* Ephraim,^ John,^ John,^J born Oct. 6, 1820, in 
Lyons, N. Y.; married Maria M. Holmes, of Aurora, N. Y., Sept. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 373 

16, 1853. Mr. Stiles was a graduate of Lima College, and after- 
wards spent one year in Concord Biblical Institute. He was 
)?a8tor of the M. E. Church at Alden, N. Y., 1850 ; Pearl street, 
Buffalo, 1862 ; Loekport, 1854 ; Presiding Elder of Gtenesee Dis- 
trict, 1855; Pastor of Union Chapel, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1856; 
Albion, N. Y., 1857. He was quite popular as a preacher, but 
went into the new organization known as " Free Methodists," in 
1858.* He died at Albion, N. Y., May 7, 1863. He was there- 
fore a member of two conferences, the Genesee and Cincinnati. 

Children : 

1226. I. Rev. Lorren,^ born Nov. 27, 1855; graduated at 

Rochester University in 1880; preached as a 
supply at- La Salle, N. Y., one year ; was one 
year at Boston Theological Seminary; joined 
Genesefi Conference, Oct., 1882; and is (1885) 
finishing his third year of pastorship at Arcade, 
Wyoming Co., N. Y. 

1227. II. Henry,» born Feb. 17, 1858; married, Oct. 27, 1881, 

MoUie Spencer, of Albion, N. Y.; no issue. Is 
a shoe merchant at Albion. 

1228. III. Stephen H.,» born Aug. 17, 1863; unmarried. 

* Fi-om the Canadian Churchman, April 211, 1868: " He was one of the most devoted and 
popular preachers in Western New York. Ou a week day evening he preached in the Presby- 
terian Church in Holly, a village some ten miles distant. There was no other Methodist meet- 
ing at any time within three miles of the place. But the Methodist preacher at Hulberton hud 
a tew members residing at Holly. He therefore obtained an order from the Bev. A. D. Wilber 
forbidding Mr. Stiles to preach in Holly. Mr. Stiles paid no attention to the prohibition, but 
continued to preach as he had done before For this, and for allowing Mr. Boberts to exhort 
one evening a short time in one of his meetings, he was brought to trial at the next session or 
the C4 inference. These « ere al 1 the offences pit>ved a gainst him . Yet he was not merely repri- 
manded, but the highest penalty known to ecclesiastical law was inflicted upon him. He was 
deposed from the ministry and exeommtmicaied from the Church! Yet the law in the Methodist Church 
was entirely in Mr. Stiles' favor. It read as follows : 

*' * You have nothing to do but to save souls; therefore spend and be spent in this work ; and 
go alwajrs not only to those thai want you, but to thoee that want you most. Observe 1 it is not 
your business only to preach so many times, and to take care of this or that society, but to save 
as many as you can. and to bring as many sinners as you can to repentance, and with all your 
power to build them up in that holiness without whloh tbey cannot see the Lord.' ** 



374 ^^^ ST/L£S GEHEMLOGY. 

FAMILY 135. 

1229. DelosT/ Stiles, 1%Z&],( William,' Asahel,^ Zebediahy^ 
Epkrainiy* Ephraim^ John^ John,^) born Jan. 27, 1827, at York, 
N. Y.; married Laura M. Shepard, Sept. 30, 1863. Is a pub- 
lisher at Buffalo, N. Y. 

Child: 

1230. I. LiBBiE Luna,* born at Buffalo, N. Y., Jan. 27, 1867. 

FAMILY 136. 

1231. Elijah^ Stiles, [839], (Aaahel,' Asahel/^ ZebediahJ" 
Epkrainiy* Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) bom in Benson, Rutland Co., 
Vi, Nov. 8, 1829; married, March 26, 1866, May Amelia (daugh- 
ter Alfred T. and Ruth D. Gould), White, bom in Geneva, N. Y., 
June 8, 1846. Farmer, residence (1886), Gtenoa, Vi 

Children : 

1232. L Maby D.,« bom Jan. 16, 1866. 

1233. II. AsAHEL A.,« born March 26, 1868. 

1234. in. Nettie,' bom June 25, 1870. 

FAMILY 137. 

1235. Aaron Ketcham' Stiles, [841], (Asahel,' Asahel,^ 

Zebediahy^Ephraim,* E^hraim,^Johny^John,^)meLrTied'Emily (daugh- 
ter of William P. and Lucinda J. Blood,) t>utton, at DeKalb Co., 
m, April 19, 1867. She was born April 24, 1836, at Charleston, 
N. H. He is President of the Thorn Wire Hedge Co., and of 
the Western Fence Co., and Manager of the Van Depoele 
Electric Manufacturing Co., makers of electric light apparatus, 
Chicago, HI. 



7HE CONNECTICUT FMMiLT. 376 

1236. I. William Asahel,' born Jan. 20, 1858 ; married Mary 

H. Brower. Family 160. 

1237. n. Everett DuTroN,®bom Jan. 5, 1861 ; married Lillian 

B. Brower, June 25, 1884. B-esidence (1885), 
No. 19 Clark street, Chicago, 111. 

1238. III. Katherine ALiDA,'*bom Aug. 31, 1862 ; married John 

E. Brower, March 21, 1883. lastie : 

1239. i. Emily Button, »o bom May 31, 1884. 

FAMILY 138. 

1240. Oliver Jewett' Stiles, M. D., [851], (Judge Oliver,' 
Simeon,^ Simeon,^ Ephraim,* Ephraim,^ Johuy^ Joh),^) born July 
10, 1812 ; studied medicine with Dr. Brooks, of Binghamton, N 
Y., and graduated from the New York College of Physicians and 
Surgeons, then located at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., N. Y., Jan. 
31, 1837. He married Lucy K. Caroline Rodgers, of Triangle, 
Broome Co., N. Y., (a direct descendent of John Rodgers, the 
Martyr), April, 1837; removed to Michigan in May following, and 
settled in the village of Ceresco, Calhoun County, Michigan, 
for the practice of medicine, which proved to be very labor- 
ious, even for a pioneer physician, he having to ride almost 
exclusively upon horseback, over mere paths and oftentimes 
follow marked trees through the forests and swamps to reach 
his numerous and widely separated patients. During the sum- 
mer of 1845 a severe epidemic of malarial typhus occurred, and 
he continued to visit his patients, even after the disease had 
fastened upon him, so that when he did give up to it, there 
seemed to be no help for him, and he died August 4, 1845. He 
is buried in the old pioneer graveyard, at Ceresco, Mich. His 
widow married again. 



376 THE STILES GEMEMLOOY. 

Children: 

1241. I. Caboline,« 1 

>■ twins. 

1242. II. Oliver Darwin, M.D.,»^ 

Born at Ceresco, Mich., Aug. 7, 1842. Caroline died ae. 
about two years. Oliver Darwin Stiles married Mary E. Chub- 
buck. Family 161. 

FAMILY 139. 

1243. Franklin Hyde' Stiles. [856], (Judge Oliver; 
Simeoriy^ Simeon,^ Ephraim,* Ephraim,^ John^ John^) born at Lisle, 
N. T., May 22, 1816; married (1) Roxanna Thayer, of Williamsburg, 
Mass., Oct. 13, 1842, in Hadley, Mass., who died Dec. 17, 1854; 
married (2) Harriet R. Hannum, of Peru, Mass., in Streetsboro, 
Ohio, Dec. 25, 1855. Removed (1858) to Beloit, Wis.; in 1865, 
to Allegan, Mich., where he now resides. Has been a farmer. 

Children: 

1244. L Mary Ellza,» bom July 23, 1843 ; married Feb., 1866, 

Wm. Wright farmer, of Rock Co., Wis. Resi- 
dence (1886), Allegan, Mich. Have 10 children. 

1245. i Justin T.,»> born Feb. 19, 1869. 

1246. ii. WiLLiB T., w born Jane 8, 1874. 

1247. iii. CL4YT0N T.,»o born March 6, 1884. 

1248. II. Oliver Jewett,» born Feb. 21, 1847 ; married Ella 

R. Wright. Family 162. 

FAMILY 140. 
1249. Simeon Squires^ Stiles, \%^%\ (Oliver;^ Simemh,"^ 

Simeon,^ Bphraim,* Ephraim,^ John^ John,^) born June 19, 1824 ; 
married Harriet Brigham, Feb. 6, 1860. 



THE COHNECTICUT FAMILY. 377 

Children: 

1250. I. Laura M.,« bom Dec. 5, 1851. 

1251. n. Ella," born Sept. 12, 1853. 

1252. ILL Mary A.,» born Dec. 28, 1854. 

1253. IV. Melvina A.,^ born Nov. 6, 1856. 

FAMILY 141. 

1254. Henry^ Stiles, [859], (Oliver,'^ Simeon,^ Simeon,^ 
Ephraim* Ephraim,^ John,^ John,^) born Sepi 19, 1827 ; married 
Amanda Lucy Whitney, of Moira, N. T.; died at Allegan Co., 
Mich., in 1873. 

Children : 

1255. L Herbert A.» 

1256. n. Homer O." 

1257. III. ,* babe ; died in infancy. 

FAMILY 142. 

1258. Henry Dwight' Stiles, [875], (Henry,-^ Simeon,' 
Simeon,^ Ephraim,* Ephraim,^ John^ John^) born at Westfield, 
Mass., May 29, 1823; married Mary A. Granger (daughter of 
Heaton and Amanda), of Southwick, Mass., May 2, 1851. Was 
a farmer from time of his marriage until about 1880-1, since 
which he has been a commercial traveler in Asia. Resides 
(1885) at Vineland, N. J. 

Child: 

1259. L Cora Belle,* born March 25, 1857 ; married Edward 
Stanley (son of Samuel and Jenette) CornwalU 



378 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

of New York City, and born at New Haven, 
Nov. 21, 1883. 

FAMILY 143. 

1260. William^ Stiles, [876], (Henry,' Simeon,^ Simeon,'^ 
Fphraim,* Ephraim^ John^ John,^) born at Westfield, Mass., Aug. 
11, 1829 ; married June 19, 1856, Margaret Lyford, of Baltimore, 
Md. Is a farmer, and also practices (1884) dentistry at Austin, 
Texas. 

Children : 

1261. I. Edmund Pease,^ born April 27, 1857 ; graduated at 

the College of Dentistry, University of Mich- 
igan, Ann Arbor, 1882 ; is (1884) practicing his 
profession in Austin, Texas. 

1262. II. Henby Howard,* born in Baltimore, Md., Aug. 9, 

1858 ; graduated at the University of Wooster, 
Ohio, 1883, and is (1884) a student in the 
Allegheny (Theological) Seminary, Allegheny 
Co., Pa. 

1263. in. Hunter Bell,* born at Austin, Texas, Oct. 16, 1861 ; 

is (1884) a student of medicine at Austin, Tex. 

1264. IV. William Lyford,^ born at Austin, Tex., Nov. 16, 
» 1864; is (1884) engaged in the hardware busi- 
ness at Austin, Texas. 

1265. V. Marion Lyford,^ born at Austin, Texas, April 23, 

1867. 

1266. VI. Arthur Alvord,^ born at Austin, Texas, Aug. 28, 

1871. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 379 

1267. VII. Maggie Almira,' bom at Austin, Texas, Aug. 3, 
1874. 

FAMILY 144. 

1268. Simeon^ Stiles, [878], (Boyal,'^ Simeon,^ Simeon,^ 
Ephraim,* Ephraim? John^ John^) born March 18, 1823 ; married 

Dec. 3, 1855, (daughter of Johan and Phebe) Cuyken- 

dall ; born at Niles, Cayuga Co., N. Y., 1829. They removed 
from Michigan to Missouri, April, 1873; was a carpenter at 
Princeton, Mo., in 1885. 

Children : 

1269. I. KiTTiE,* born 1857 ; married Charles Holmes, Oct. 4, 

1885. Eesidence (1885), Eavenna, Mo. 

1270. II. HarleV born 1858. 

1271. III. Flora,^ born 1865. 

FAMILY 146. 
1272. William Lyman' Stiles, [913], (Alvah,'^ David,' 

Eliy^ Ephraim,^ Ejjhraim,^ John^ John^) bo^n Sept., 1827 ; mar- 
ried Mrs. Betsy Hutchinson. 

Children: 

1273. I. Daniel L.,» born March 13, 1853; graduated at St. 
Paul, Minn., where he now resides ; is a drug- 
gist; married. 

1274 11. WiNFiELD S.,» born Jan., 1855. 

1275. m. Charles C.,* born in Wisconsin, Jan., 1859 ; married. 

1276. IV. Alvah F.,* bom in Wisconsin. 



380 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

1277. V. George,* born in Wisconsin. 

1278. VI. Eddie,* born in Wisconsin. 

1279. VII. ChloeB.* 

FAMILY 146. 

1280. Charles C Stiles. [916], (Alvah,' David,' Eli,^ 
EpJiraim,* Ephratm,^ JoJm,^ Johny^) born Feb., 1837 ; married Nov. 
1, 1867, Cordelia A. Sanders, born in Barnard, Vt, Nov. 22, 1834. 
He was a " Yankee Notion" peddlar, and died in Northfield, Vt., 
June 26, 1863, of consumption. His widow married (2) David 
S. Duffany. 

Children : 

1281. L Cora C.,» born at Roxbury, Vt., April 4, 1859; died 

young. 

1282. II. Ella A.,* born at Randolph, Vt, Aug. 22, 1862 ; died 

young. 

1283. ILL Etta A.,» born in Moretown, Vt., July 8, 1867; re- 

sides [1883] in Claremont, N. H. 

FAMILY 147. 

1284. Charles Butler' Stiles, [9201, (Dr. Hemy i?.,« 

Samfiely' Capt. Asahel,' Israel,'^ John,* John,^ Johri,'^ John,^) born at 
Woodbridge, N. J., Nov. 3, 1861 ; educated at Wallkill Academy, 
Middletown, N. Y., and at Dundee (Scotland) High School ; 
studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, 
and graduated M. B.;a M., Aug. 1, 1888; married Dec. 27, 1888, 
Frances, fourth daughter of George Malcolm, Esq., of Inverlaw, 
Dundee, Scotland, by Helen Rattray, his wife ; is practicing his 
profession in London, England, as of the medical firm of Drs. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 381 

Chill & Stiles; residence Sherwood House, Hornsey Rise, Lon- 
don, N., England. 

Child: 

1286. I. Frances Helen,*^ born in London, Eng., July 12, 

1890. 

FAMILY 148. • 

1286. Frederick Samuel ' Stiles, |930j, ( Samuel,' Ben- 

oni,'^ Benoni,^ Israel,^ John^ John^ Jolm^ John^) born Jan. 21, 
1849; married Julia E., daughter of Cyrus and Cornelia) Barnes, 
April 20, 1873. He is (1883) a cement mould maker, at No. 45 
Gilbert street, Bridgeport, Conn. 

Children : 

1287. L Helen Elizabeth,^^ born May 3, 1874. 

1288. 11. Arthur Frederick,'*^ born Aug. 7, 1875; died July 

13, 1876. 

1289. IIL Bertha Rose,'^ born March 16, 1878. 

1290. IV. Charles Adelbert,^^ born Feb. 12, 1880. 

FAMILY 149. 
1291. Oharles Adelbert' Stiles, [932j, (Samuel; Ben- 

oni^ Benoni,^ IsraeU John,^ John,^ John^ John,^) born at East 
(now South) Windsor, Conn., Oct. 10, 1855 ; married Jane Morse 
(daughter of Henry and Harriet) Holman, of South Windsor, 
Conn., May 14, 1878. 

Children: 

1292. I. Albert Edgar,'" born at South Windsor, C(mn., July 
4, 1879. 



382 THE STILES OENEALOOY. 

1293. II. Walter Adelbert,^*^ bom at South Windsor, Conn., 
July 26, 1880. 

1294 III. Arthur Newton,^'' born at South Windsor, Conn., 
Sept. 6, 1883. 

^ FAMILY 150. 

1295. Robert Benoni' Stiles \MQ\,(John JI.; Benoni,' 

Ben 0)11 /' Israel,'' John, ^ John,^ Jolm,^ John,^) born at East Windsor, 
Conn., Aug. 8, 1848 ; prepared for college at Williston Seminary, 
at East Hampton, Mass.; graduated at Union College, N. Y., 
July 1, 1870 ; graduated at the Albany Law School, May 10, 
1871, and was admitted to th« bar at Albany, N. Y., May 18, 
1871. Mr. Stiles was successively elected and has served as 
magistrate of the town of Lansingburgh, N. Y., since March, 
1876 ; has held the office of Corporation Counsel for the village 
of Lansingburgh, since June, 1881 ; was elected a member of the 
Board of Education, August, 1884. Mr. Stiles was married, 
Dec. 4, 1877, to Ida Eskalala (daugh4;er of William and Mira) 
Lawrence, of Lansingburgh, N. Y., who was born Dec. 21, 1849. 

1296. T. Frank Lawrence,^** born at Lansingburgh,N. Y.,May 
22, 1879. 

1297." n. Charles Gowdy,^*^ born at Lansingburg, N. Y., Oct. 
12, 1881. 

FAMILY 151. 

1298. Isaac Wadsworth* Stiles. |9511, ( Isaac Lorano,' 
Isaac,'^ Isaac Clarh,^ Isaac,^ Rev. Isaa^,* John,^ John^ John^) bom 
at North Haven, Conn., Feb. 28, 1843 ; married May 9, 1867, 
Margaret Ella (daughter of Edmond and Laura) Dickerman. 
He is a dentist in New Haven, Conn. 



THE COMNECTICUT FMMILY. 383 

Children: 

« • 

1299. I. Edward I8aac,^« bom Oct. 11, 1872. 

1300. n. Mabel Sophronia,^^ born Oct. 26, 1878. 



FAMILY 152. 



f 



1301. Frederick Hobart* Stiles, L958], (Uem^ Hobart,' 

haac^ Isaac Clark ^^ Isaac, ^ Rev, Isaxic^ Johii,^ John,^ Johi,^) born 
at North Haven, Conn., April 1, 1862 ; married Ellen C. (daugh- 
ter of George and Clarissa) Bishop, of North Haven, Conn. 

Cliildren : 

1302. I. LuLA,'^' bom June 29, 1874. 

1303. n. LeEoy Irving,^« born Feb. 17, 1876. 

1304. ni. Alice M.,^<* born March 4, 1878. 

FAMILY 153. 

1305. Hylas W.' Stiles. 1 968], (Hylas,^ Hylas,' Job,' Ash- 
bely^ Rev. Isaac,* John;' John^ John^) bom at Gretna, La., Dec. 
27, 1847; married Julia Hirseh, June 29, 1871. Resides at Gretna, 
La.; is a cotton-seed oil pressman and carpenter. 

Children : 

1306. L Hylas,^^ born at Gretna, La., Dec. 4, 1871. 

1307. n. Franklyn,^" bora at Gretna, La., May 4, 1874. 

1308. m EuzABETH,^^ born at Gretna, La., Aug. 24, 1876. 

1309. rV. Sidney, '« born at Gretna, La., March 21, 1879. 



384 ^ȣ STILES GENEALOGY. 

1310. V. William W.,'« born at Gretna, La., Nov. 19, 1881. 

1311. VI. Esther,^" born at Gretna, La., Sept. 7, 1884 

FAMILY 154. 

1312. John M.* Stiles, [984], (James R.,^ Hylas,' Job,' 
Ashbel,^ Rev. haxic,^ John,^ John,^ John}), born at Louisville, Ky., 
Sept. 10, 1852; married MoUie A. Martin, Nov. 9, 1876. Was a 
steamboat engineer. He died at Algiers, La., April 2, 1878. 

Child: 

1313. L Elizabeth Rebecca,^" born Oct. 24, 1877; died Sept. 
14, 1878. 

FAMILY 155. 

1314. George William* Stiles, [987J, (James R,^Hylas,-^ 
Job,^ Ashbel,^ Rev. Isaac,* John,^ John,^ John,^) born at Algiers, 
La., Oct. 8, 1860 ; married Elizabeth Beaver, July 27, 1881. Is 
a steamboat engineer at New Orleans, La. 

ChUd: 
1315. I. EuzABETH Rebecca,'^ born July 30, 1882. 

FAMILY 156. 

1316. William' Stiles, [1032], (Gardiner,^ Warham,' 
Martin,' Lieut Martin,^ Isaac,* Ephraim,^ John,^ Johri^), born at 
West Hawley, Mass., Feb. 8, 1829 ; married Martha Ingraham. 
Is divorced. Mr. William Stiles resides (1885) at Bennington, Vt. 

Child: 
1317. L Maby.^« 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 385 

FAMILY 157. 

1318. Harvey D.' Stiles, [1035], (Gardiner,'' Warham;^ 
Martiti,^ Lienf. Martin,^ Isaac,^ Ephraim,^ John,'^ John,^) born at 
West Hawley, Mass., March 1, 1836 ; married Caroline Babcock, 
of Stratton, Vt., where he settled, about 1860 or '61. Mr. Har- 
vey D. Stiles is deceased. His widow and children reside (1886) 
at Stratton, Vt. 

Children : 

1319. I. May.^^ 

1320. II. William. ^'» 

1321. III. Delia.'« 

1322. IV. Addie.^" 

1323. V. Alice,^o married Maurice Lowe, of Stratton, Vt. 

1324. VI. Carrie.^'' 

1325. VII. Charlie.^" 

1326. Vin. DoRA.^« 

FAMILY 158. 

1327. Orville Martin' Stiles, [1053], (Martin,^ Warham;' 
Martin,^ Lieut Martin,^ Isaae,^ Ephraim,^ John,^ Johri,^) born at 
North Adams, Mass., May 12, 1844; married July 3, 1876, Mary 
(daughter of William and Eliza) Whiteman ; born at Titch march, 
England, Dec. 13, 1861. Mr. Orville M. Stiles is a railroad man. 
Resides at North Adams, Mass. 

Children : 
1328. I. George,"' born July 20, 1879. 



;^80 THE STiLES GENEALOGY. 

1829. 11. Harmexa E./'' born April 30, 1881. 

FAMILY loJ). 
1330. Charles Frederick 'Stiles, 11050 |,fJA/w///,^ War- 

hinn,'^ Jlfiriln,^ Lieut, Mdrfut,^ Isaac,^ Fplnriiw,^ Joli)i,'^ John,^) boru 
at Xortli Adams, Mass., Nov. 25, 1853 ; married at Shaftsbury, 
Vt., March 27, 1878, Julia (daughter of Benjamin F. and Sally Aim) 
Eddy; born at Shaftsbury, Vt., Feb. 25,1860. Is a shoemaker; 
resides at North Adams, Mass. 

Children: 

1331. I. Clakissa B.,'" born July 11, 1879. 

1332. II. William B.,^^^ born Oct. 13, 1880. 

1333. III. Albert M.,'*^ born April 28, 1883. 
1334 IV. Gkacik B.J" born Sept. 30, 1884 

FAMILY 160. 

1335. Egbert C Stiles. |1068|, (Bireriun CV Japhet:' 
Martin,^ Lieut, Martin,^ Lsddc,^ Ephruim^^ Jo//>/,'^ Jolnt,^) born at 
East Bloomfield, N. Y., April 14, 1841; enlisted at Coeymans, 
N. Y., Oct. 19, 1861, in the Tenth Eegiment Artillery, N. Y. S. G., 
which was mustered into service as the 177th N. Y. Vol. Regi- 
ment, 19th Army Corps, in the De})artment of the Gulf, Col. 
Ira Ainsworth; served at Poi*t Royal and went to Mississippi 
with Gen. Banks; mustered out July 8, 1862. He is a tie-in- 
spector on the Erie Railroad. He married, at Lima, N. Y., 
Mary Elizabeth, (daughter of Anscm) Angle. Resides (1886) 
Avon, N. Y. 

Children: 
1336. L Annie Lane,^^* born Aug. 27, 1867; died May 5, 1875. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 387 

1337. 11. May Louise/' born Nov. 26, 1871. 

1338. III. Lottie Lane,^'^ born Nov. 30, 1878. 

1339. IV. Clara Angle,^'^ born Dec, 1881. 

FAMILY 161. 

1340. Albert C Stiles, |1069|, (liivrrws a,' Japhct;' 
Martin,^ Lienf, Murtin,^ Isnac,^ Ephraim,^ JoJm^' Jolni,^) born at 
East Bloomfield, N. Y., Sept. 12, 1842; enlisted in 27tb N. Y. 
Vols.; married Ida C. Shepard, of Honeoye Falls, N. Y., July 
4, 1864. Resides at 15 Elliott Street, New Haven, Conn. 

Child: 
1341. L Marion Augusta,'" born Jan. 23, 1866. 

FAMILY 162. 
1342. Samuel Martin* Stiles. [1078], (Efhcw Demn; 

Salmon y* Martin,^ Lieut Martin,^ Isaar,^ Ephraim,^ John^^ John,^ ) 
born at Pittsfield, Mass., Jan. 19, 1834; graduated at Wesleyan 
University, 1860, and, for seven years, engaged in pastoral work 
in New Jersey; then became stenogra])lier to tlie Board of Church 
Extension of the Methodist Episcopal Church. During the 
past seven (1885) years has been stenographer for the /Etna 
Life Insurance Co., of Hartford, Conn., where he resides (188o) 
at 141 Washington street; occasionally preaching. He married 
Lizzie (daughter of Lyman P., Sr., and Phebe) White, born at 
Whiting, Vi, Feb. 20, 1830. 

Children: 

1343. I. Charles Wardell,*'* born May 15, 1867, at Spring 
Valley, Rockland Co., N. Y.; is a student (1885) 
in the Hartford High School. 



;-iS8 IHE STiLES GENEALOGY. 

134-4. II. Anna Josephine,^" born May 80, 1863, at Hackeusack, 
N. J.; is a graduate of the Hartford High School. 

FAMILY 163. 
1345. Charles Henry' Stiles, [1079], (Eflnw Dewey,' 

Sahno)),'' Martin,^' Lieut Martin,^ Isaac,^ Epliraim,^ John,' John,^ ) 
born at Albany, N. T., Oct. 24, 1836; married April 8, 1863, 
Cordelia (daughter of Van Cleeve M. and Huldah A. Benjamin) 
Salmon, born Aug. 25, 1839, at Newark, N. J. He is in the 
saddlery and hardware business at Newark, N. J. 

Child: 

1346. I. Florence Mabel,^^' born at Newark, N. J., Sejit. 11, 
1864. 

FAMILY 164. 

1347. DeWitt Clinton' Stiles, |1084J, (lieuhen Ran- 
ninter,"^ Sahnon,'' Martin,^ Lieut, Martin,^ huuc,^ Ephraim;^ Johu,'^ 
Johu,^) born at Westfield, Mass., March 12, 1842; married Oct. 
4, 1866, Elizabeth Van Zandt, of Albany, N. Y. Resides (1885) 
at Buffalo, N. Y. He is engaged in the City Clerk's office. 

Children (the first born in Alhani/, the remainder in Buff(do, 
X. Y.): 

1348. L Reuben Dewey,'" born July 31, 1868; died Dec. 3, 

1874. 

1349. II. Grace Edna,'" born May 9, 1870; died Nov. 23, 

1883. 

1350. III. Adaline Jane,'" born Jan. 8, 1872. 

1351. IV. Edward Van Zandt,'" born Sept. 1, 1874. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 8S0 

1352. V. DeWitt Clinton,^" born March 8, 187(>. 

1353. VI. Clarence/o born April 1, 1879. 
1354 VII. Bessie/' born Sept. 15, 1881. 
1355. Vni. Julia Ethel,'" born April 27, 1884. 

FAMILY 165. 
1356. Frederick Gladwin' Stiles, [1106J, (Htum B.: 

haac^* Martin,^ Lieut Martin,^ IsaaCy^ Eprhaim,^ John,^ Jolm,^) 
born at Westfield, Mass., Dec. 3, 1852 ; married Aug. 10, 1878, 
Florence Virginia Hunt; removed Feb., 1880, to Providence, E. 
I., where he is a member of the Troy Steam Laundry Co. 

Children (born at Providence, R. L): 

1357. I. Florence Rebecca,'" born March 1, 1882. 

1358. II, Frederick Henry,'" born Sept. 28, 1884 

FAMILY 166. 
1359. Henry Loomis^ Stiles, llil6J, (Letcis; Hem-y;* 

Martin,^ Lieut. Martiuy^ Ephraim,^ Isaac,^ John^^ Jolin^^) born at 
Southwick, Mass., Nov. 27, 1858; married Mary S. (daughter of 
James M. and Mary) Bagg, of Bernardston, Mass., Nov. 16, 
1881. He is a stationary engineer at Mt. Carmel, Conn. 

Children : 

1360. I. Ernest Linwood,^*^ born at Southwick, Mass., Oct. 7, 

1882. 

1361. IL Lewis A.,'" born at Mt. Carmel, Conn., Nov. 8, 1884. 



390 '^HE STILES GENEALOGY. 

FAMILY 167. 

1362. John Charles* Stiles, |1136|, (Horace; Charles,' 
Jfarfm,^ Lieut, Marlh; Isaac,* Ephraim; Joltu,' John,^) born in 
Middlebury, Wyominfr Co., N. T., May 12, 1845; married Katie 
Cooper, of Belfast, N. Y., Dec. 31, 1879, at Middlebury, N. Y. 
P. O. address, Linden, Genessee Co., N. Y. After completing his 
education at the Middlebury Academy, he engaged in mercantile 
pursuits, which he was obliged to leave on account of ill health ; 
he then, for two seasons, took up photograi)hy; since then has 
been engaged in farming. 

Cldhlveu (bom at Middlehunj, N. Y.): 

1363. I. Hattie AekionV born March 8, 1881. 

1364. II. Bessie E.,« born Aug. 1, 188r>. 

FAMILY 168. 

1365. Chauncey' Stiles, [ 11401, (Denison; Charles,' Mar- 
tin; Lieut Martin; Isaac; Ephr aim; Joint; John;) born March 2, 
1857 ; married Feb. 3, 1878, Mary Reedy, born May 30, 1857. 
Is a farmer, residing (1886) at Sibley, Osceola Co., Iowa. 

Children : 

1366. I. Emma Cornelia,'" born in Clay Co., Kan., June 2, 

1879. 

1367. 11. Charles Denison,^^ born in Patch Grove, Grant Co., 

Wis., Dec. 26, 1880. 

1368. III. Emelia Marilia,^^' born in Sibley, Osceola Co., Iowa, 

Sept. 16, 1883. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 391 

FAMILY 169. 
1369. John Lewis' Stiles, Esq., 111951, (John i>.,^ 

Leicis,' DanieJy^ DavkJ,^ Isaac,* Ephraim,^ JoJm,'^ Johny^J born at 
Allentown, Pa., May 17, 1858 ; married Dec, 1871, Emma Stahi 
He is a lawyer; resides (1885) at AUentown, Pa. 

Children: 
1870. I. Bertha.'" 

1371. II. Laddie.'*' 

1372. in. Gilbert."' 

FAMILY 170. 
1373. William Asahe^ Stiles, [1236 1, (Aamn K; Asa^ 

7/e?,* Asahel,^ Zebediah,^ Ephraim,* Ephraim;^ Johu^' John ,' j born 
Jan. 20, 1858; married May 29, 1883, Mary Hannah Brower. 
Is Secretary and Treasurer of the Thorn Wire Hedge Co.; 
is interested in Masonic matters, being a member of Oriental 
Chicago, 111., Lodge, F. & A. M.; Lafayette Chapter, R. A.; 
Palestine Council of Princes, R. & S. M.; Apollo Commandery, 
K. T.; Oriental Consistory, S. P. R. S.; 32 deg., and Medinah 
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S.' 

Child: 
1374. L Ethel Brower,'" born March 28, 1884. 

FAMILY 171. 
1375. Oliver Darwin' Stiles, M. D., [1242J, (Dr. Oliver 

J.,^ Jndije Oliver,"* Simeon,^ Simeon,^ Ephraim,^ Ephraim,^ John,^ 
John,^) born at Ceresco, Mich., Aug. 7, 1842 ; after his father's 
death was taken by his mother to Broome Co., N. Y., where she 
married again and. took him with her to her new residence at 



392 "^Hi STtLES GiMiALOGY. 

Wysox, Bradford Co., Pa. In 1861 he commenced the study of 
medicine with Dr. D. S. Pratt, of Towanda, Pa., and attended 
medical lectures at Philadelphia, where he graduated at Penn- 
sylvania Medical University, Jan. 24, 1865; and in the followin«^ 
autumn commenced practice at Warren, Pa. In 1866 he 
removed to the borough of Rome, Bradford Co., Pa., and in 
Oct., 1874, he removed to Elmira, N. Y., where he now resides, 
engaged in the practice of medicine, and also in the drug 
business. He married May 9, 1866, Mary E. (eldest daughter 
of L. S.) Chubbuck, of Orwell, Pa. Resides at 365 Davis 
Street, Elmira, N. T. 

Children: 

1376. I. Darwin Eaton, ^^ born March 20, 1867; graduated 

from grammar school June, 1883 ; took charge 
of a large retail drug store in Elmira, for three 
years ; and is now in the ministry of the M. E. 
Church. 

1377. II. Henry Arthur,^" born April 21, 1869; graduated 

from grammar school 1884; is now in the drug 
business in Elmira, N. Y. 

1378. III. Vergie A.,^*^ born Jan. 9,1871 ; graduated from gram- 

mar school June, 1885; graduated at Elmira 
Free Academy. 

1379. IV. Oliver S.,^^ born May 22, 1874; a grammar school 

student. 

1380. V. Franklin E.,^'^ bom Sept. 4, 1876; died April 17, 

1877. 

1381. VI. Lulu E.,^*^ born Jan. 25, 1879 ; graduate of grammar 

school. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY 393 

1882. VII. Wesley Eugene/" born June 11, 1882. 
1888. VIII. Clara Edna/'^ born Oct. 2, 1884 

FAMILY 172. 

1384: Oliver Jewett' Stiles, |1248|, (FrankUu Hi/de: 
Jtidije Oliver^' Simeon,^ Simeon,^ Ephraim,^ Ephriam,^ Johnj^ JoJin,^ ) 
born Feb. 21, 1847; married Sept., 1875, Ella R. Wri<rlit, at 
Beloit, Wis., where he now (1886) resides. Has a grocery and 
crockery store. He enlisted May 17, 1864, in the 40th Wis- 
consin (Inf.) Vols, of 100 days' men, who were stationed at 
Memphis Tenn., in charge of the fortifications there, while the 
veterans went to the fort. 

Chlhiren: 

1885. I. Maky,"' born May, 1878. 

1886. II. Claka,'" born May, 1881. 



394 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

DESCENDANTS OF HANNAH STILES. 



[133— 8BB PAOB 105.] 



Contributed by CECIL H, C. HOWARD. Es^/,. (f the A,stor Lil>rai^, 

New York' ('ity. 



Capt, Eliphaz Hint, of Coventry, Conn, (son of Simeon and Hannab (Lyumu) 
Hunt), married Hannah Stiles, May 21, 1701. Issue: 

1. Ebknezeb, bom July 2, 1766; graduated at Yale College, 1787; married Anna, 

daughter Rev. Nathan Strong, South Coventry, Sept. 11, 1793; died April 
23, 1807. 

2. EniPHAz, born April 18, 1772; married April 5, 1804, Anna Phelps, Gilead, 

Conn., died July 23, 1853. 

W, Hannah, born Sept. 30, 1774; married John Downer, West Hartford. Vt. ; died 
Feb. 20, 1847. 

4. Ruth, born July 2, 1779; married Mr. Pomeroy. 

r>. EiJCAZER, born Dec. 28, 1786; married Sybil Pomeroy, Sept 19. 1809; died 
March 14, 1867. 



Ebenkzer Hint, M D. (son of Capt. Eliphaz and Hannah Stiles Hunt), married 
Miss Anna Strong, Sept. 11, 1793. Issn": 

<». Ebenezek, Jr., born June 14, 1794; married Hannah Porter, , 1828. 

7. Esther, born Jan. 23, 1796: married Rev. Alpha Miller, March 29, 1867 (no 
issue). 

K. .Anna, born April 14, 1797; married Jno. Gilbert, Dec. 1, 1821; died April 9, 
1846. 

•». Hannah, born , 1799; married Rev. A. Miller, Sept. 20, 1824; died Jan. 

24, 1848. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 395 

10. Nathan Strong, born , 1801; married Rhoda Mason (no issue). 

n. 

Eliphaz, son of Capt. Eliphaz and Hannah (Stiles) Hunt, married Miss Anna 
Phelps, in Gilead, Conn., April 6, 1804. Eliphaz Hunt died Jnly 23, 1853. Anna 
Phelps Hunt -died July 27, 1858, ae. 77; both buried in West Hartford, Vt. hsut: 

11. Tbumbull, bom March 25, 1805; married Agnes Gould; died Jan. 29, 1839. 

12. Mary Eliza, bom May 3, 1806; married Abel Howard, Sept , 1829; died Jan., 

1884. 

13. Emily, born March 29, 1809; married Wade White, Oct. 17, 1830; died June 

12. 1880. 

14. John Downbr, bom July 3, 1811; married Miss Blood; died Sept. 18, 1887. 

15. Phblps, born Aug. 1, 1813; married Sarah Dexter; died April 7, 1884. 

16. Hannah Downeb, born June 15, 1816; married Ransel Watkins, June, 1840. 

17. Ruth Pomkroy, bom June 15, 1816; married (1) David T. Brown, Oct., 1859; 

(2) Jos. Strickland, Nov., 1872. 

18. SopHLA, bora April 1, 1818; married Charles Whitman, Quechee, Vt, June 1, 

1852. 

19. Sarah Ann, born March 5, 1820; married Joshua Maxon, Oct. 8, 1840. 

20. Eliphaz Stiles, born March 21, 1822; married Emetine Dimmick, , 1849. 

ni. 

Hannah, daughter Eliphaz aifd Hannah (Stiles) Hunt, married John Downer, 
West Hartford, Vt. Hannah (Hunt) Downer died Feb. 20, 1847. John Downer 
died April 9, 1863, and were both buried in West Hartford, Vt. Issue: 

21. Hannah, married Ludus Hazen, West Hartford, Vt. 

22. Ruth, married Judge Pierce, Woodstock, Vt. 

23. Stephen, married Caroline Wade; died June, 1886. 

24. Caroline, died unmarried. 



.3!)(; THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

25. Jahox, married Miss Marsham. Baltimore, Md. ; 1 (Innghter. 



Eleazer Hpnt, M. D., son Eliphaz and Hannah (Stiles) Hunt, married Sj-bil 
Pomeroy, Sept. 19. 1809. hsue: 

'ifi. Ebknezer KiN(iSBURY, bom Aug. 26, 1810; married Miss Sarah Crosby, June 
13, 1848. 

27 Eleazer Pomeroy, born June 21, 18U; died unmarried, June, 1872, at Gal- 
veston, Texas. 

28. Mary Elizabeth, bom May 9, 1816; died unmarried, Sept., 1867. 

29. Ruth Francis, born July 30, 1830; married N. C. Bowen, Norwich, Conn., 

Feb., 1867. 

VI. 

Ebknezer, Jr.. son of Ebenezer and Anna (Strong) Hunt, married Hannah 
Porter, Coventry, Conn., 1828. hsue: 

30. Frances, bom Oct. 18, 1829; married ; died Sept. 23, 1852. 



VIL 

Anna, daughter Ebenezer and Anna (Strong) Hunt, married John Gilbert, Dec. 
1, 1821. John Gilbert died Feb 14, 1837; Anna Hunt Gilbert died April 9, 1846. 

Issue: 

31 Henry Ebenezer Hunt, born Dec 17, 1822; married Miss Kingsbury, 1851. 
32. Nathan Strong, born Dec. 19, 1824; married Miss Golden, Feb., 1851. 



IX. 

Hannah, daughter of Ebenezer and Anna (^Strong) Hunt; married He v. Alpha 
Miller, Sept. 30, 1824. Issue: 

33. Fanny Scoville, bom July 22, 1825; married Edward Reed, Sept. 27, 1849. 

3t. JosiAH, b>rn Mirch 31, 1827; married Virginia Kirk Haywood, St Louis, Mo , 
March 31, 1863. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 897 

35. Nathan Strong Hunt, bom April 27, 1829; died June fi, 1830. 

30. Georue Alpha, born March 31, 1831; graduated from WilliamH ('ollege, 1H55; 
married Miss Helen S. Wood, Syracuse, N. Y., Sept. 29, 1859. 

37. Ruth Anna, born March 18, 1833; died Jan. 8, 1857. 

38. Mary Elizabeth, born April 8, 1835; married Theron Smith, Brooklyn, N.Y., 

March. 1863; died March 31, 1867. 

39. David Austin, born Feb. 19, 1838; died March 17, 1838. 

40. Hannah Hunt, bom May 12, 1839; married Judah S. Hull, Lynn, ('onn., 

Nov. 29. 1862. 

41. Esther Anqbline, bom Jan. 12, 1842. 



XI. 

Trumbull Hunt, son of Eliphaz, Jr.. and Anna (Phelps) Hunt, married Agues 
Gould, , 1835. IsHue : 

42. Caroline Agnes, bom Oct. 11, 1836; died April, 1850. 

43. Annie E.. born Nov. 7, 1838; married (1) Feb. 7, 1857, Alonz(» Buffnm, who 

died 1863; married, (2) 1880, S. Stoke. 



XIL 

Mary Eliza, daughter Eliphaz, Jr., and Anna (Phelps) Hun', married Abel 
Howard, Pomfret, Vt., Sept 1, 1829 (Sunday). Abel Howard, died in Hartford, Vt., 
Sept. 30, 1885, aged 80. Issue: 

14. Abel Trumbull, born Nov. 1, 1830; graduated from Dartmouth College, 1861; 
married Anna H. Cutts, daughter Hon. Hampden Cutts, Aug. 21, 1861. 

45. George Pomeroy, bom May 28, 1832; died Nov. 18, 1833. 

46. Mary Eliza, born April 17, 1834. 

47. Austin, bom March 7, 1836; married Emma Howard, Sept., 1874. 

48. George Armstrong, bom March 7, 1838; married Lizzie Jones, Sept., 1867; 

died Aug., 1869. 



398 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

-19. Julia Akna, born April 16, 1840; married Wni. B. mark, Dec. 23, 1858 (no 
issue). 

50. Sabah Sophia, bom Oct. 15, 1844; married L. A. Shedd, Nov 28, 1869. 

51. Hannah Euzabeth, bom Oct. 20, 1847; n)arried J. W. Squires, Couneil Blnffs, 

Iowa, Sept., 1873. 

XIII. 

Emily, daughter Eliphaz, Jr , and Anna Phelps (Hnnt), married Wade White, 
(iarrettsville, Ohio, Oct. 17, 1830. Issue: 

52. John, bora Mp.y 23, 1833; niarried Martha Moiishount, Jan. 14, 1857. 

53. Emily Ann, born Feb. 19, 1837; married Jerome B. Carman, 1861. 

54. Wade Eliphaz, born Dec. 14, 1838; died Dec. 25, 1861, in the war. 

55. Ellen, bora Dec. 4, 1850; died June, 1852. 

XIV. 

John Downbb, sou of Eliphaz, Jr., and Anna (Phelps) Hunt, niarried Miss Mar- 
ion Blood, Marionsville, Penna. Jsarie: 

56. (^LAKA, married Dr. Towler. 

57. Cybus, married . 

XV. 

Phelps, son of Eliphaz. Jr., and Anna (Phelps) Hunt, married Sarah Dexter, 
(no issue); married (2) Mrs. Caroline Perkins; married (3) Jerusha Rice, Nov., 
1875, and died April 7, 1884. Buried in West Hartford, Vt. Issue (by secotid wife): 

58. Flora, married Chas. Thorn. 

XVI. 

Hannah Downek, daughter Eliphaz, Jr., and Anna (Phelps) Hunt, married 
Ransel Watkins, Pomfret. Vt., 1840; she married (2) Wm. S. Hooker, Wayland, 
Mich., 1858. Issue (by Wntkws): 



THE COMNECTiCUT FAMILY. 399 

59/ Ruth Hannah, born June 25, 1841; married H. J. Hooker, Nov., 1857. 

60 8TILE8 A., bom Jan. 15, 1843; married Delia L. Cross, Oct. 1866. 

61 Fbancis Kansbl, bom Oct. 24, 1844; married Miss Everson, Jan., 1875. 

{By Hooker): 

62 Emma J., born Sept 12, 1859; married L. Clark, Jan., 1882. 

XIX. 

Sarah Ann, daughter Eliphaz. Jr., and Anna (Pbelps) Hunt, married Josbua 
Maxon, Oct 8, 1840, Garrettaville, Ohio. He died June 19, 1883. hffue: 

63. Sarah Jane, born Sept. 30. 1844; died July, 1846. 

64 RtTTH Sophia, bora Dec. 3, 1847; married O. F, Coudray, Sept., 1867. 

XX. 

EiJPHAZ Stiles, son of Eliphaz, Jr., and Anna (Phelps) Hunt, married (1) Erne- 
line Dimmick, Pomfret, Vt. ; married (2) Mrs. Mary Madden, Sept., 1857; married 
(3) Mrs. Marion Griggs, Wootlstock, Vt. Issue (by first wife): 

65. Trumbull., born Aug. 20, 1850: married Clnra Marsh, Jan. 3, 1872. 

66. Eboia Stiles, born Aug. 18, 1852; married Carlos Thurston. 

( By second wife) : 

i\7. William, born , 1858. 

f>H. John, , 1861. 

69. Charles, , 1862. 

70. Ellery, , 1863. 

XXL 



Hannah, daughter John and Hannah (Hunt) Downer, married Lucius Hazeii. 
West Hartford, Vt. Issue: 



400 Tff^ STiLES GENEALOGY. 

71. Fbanceh, died in infancy. 

72. Lucius Downer. 
73 Tract. 

74. Maria, married Dr. Henry Newell, St. Johnsbnry, Vt. 

XXII. 

Ruth, daughter John nnd Hannah (Hunt) Downer, married Jnd^^e David Pierce, 
Woodstock, Vt. Ittsut: 

75 Jason. 

li\ Mabia. 

XXVI. 

Ebenbzer Kingsbury, son of Dr. Ebenezer and Sybil (l*omeroy) Hunt, married 
Miss Sarah Crosby, Hartford, Conn., Jnne 13, 1848. Issue: 

11. Sarah Crosby, bom Sept. 10, lH4i); died Juno 2, 1853. 

78. Maby Sybil, born March 9, 1S51 ; died Feb., 1855. 

7y. Louisa Buboess, born March 1, 1856; married Benj. Dinmick, Oct 27, 1879. 

80. Jeanneite Crosby, born May 3, 1803. 

XXXI. 

Henry Ebenezer Hunt, son of John and Anna (Hunt) Gilbert, married (1) 
Elizablth Wright Kingsbury, Sept. 24. 1851; she died Nov. 9, 1862; he married (2) 
Mary Jeffers Kingsbury, June 27, 1866. Issue {by first wife): 

81. Mary Elizabeth, bom July 1, 1853; died Aug., 1861. 

82. Anna Fbances, born Aug. 20, 1855; married Edgar F. Storrs, Mansfield, Conn., 

June 27, 1882. 

83. Henby Kdjosbuby, born Aug. 6, 1858; died Dec. 30, 1859. 

84. Hattie Elizabeth, bora Nov. 16, 1860 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 401 

XXXII. 

Nathan Stbono, son of John and Anna (Hunt) Gilbert, married Feb., 1851, 
Sarah A. Golden, Monroe, Wis. Issxu: 

85. Nathan Strong, Jr., bom Jan. 18, 1852. 

86. Lizzie Ann, bom Jan. 28, 1854. 

87. Samxtel Byron, born April 6, 1856; died March 1, 1864. 

88. Jessie Florence, born March 2, 1857. 

89. Charles Edward, born Feb. 18, 1862. 

90. Frederick Willis, born Oct. 6, 1868. 

XXXIV. 

JosiAH, son of Rey. Alpha and Hannah (Hunt) Miller, married Virginia Kirk 
Haywood, at St. Louis, Mo., March 31,. 1863. laavje: 

91. Alpha Kirk, bom April 14, 1864; died Aug. 26, 1867. 

92. Alex. Garrett, born July 14, 1867; died Aug. 10, 1867. 

93. Herbert Strono, born Jan. 14, 1870. 

XXXYI. 

George Alpha, son of Bev. Alpha and Hannah (Hunt) Miller, married Miss 
Helen S. Wood, at Syracuse, N. Y., Sept. 29, 1859. Issue: 

94. LiZANA Esther, bom July 28, 1860; married Aug. 29, 1883, F. L. Reed. 

95. Hannah Adelb, bom Nov. 5, 1861; married Aug. 29, 1883, J. W. Oowan. 

96. Edward Alpha, born April 18, 1863; died Oct. 6, 1884. 

97. Helen Beach, bom July 10, 1865. 

98. Fannie Ruthanna, bora Oct 25, 1869. 



402 1^H£ STILES GEKEALOer. 

XL, 

Hannah, daughter Rev. Alpha and Hannah (H.) Miller, ranrried J. S. Hall, 
Lyme. Oodil, Nov. 29, 1862. Isitue: 

99. Edwin, bom July 20. 1866. 

100. Nathan Hunt, bom April 13, 1868. 

101. Joseph Ksllooo, born Sept. 3, 1870. 

102. Hbnby Stbono, bom , 1872. 

103. Wm. Melleb, bom , 1874. 

XLHI. 

Annie £., daughter of Trambnll and Agnes Hunt, married Alonzo Buffum, 
Feb., 1857. After his death, she married G. L. Stoke, 1880. Issue {by first hishand); 

104. Fbanoes Annie, bom Nov., 1858; married G. L. Smith, June 13, 1879. 

(By secojvd husband): 
106. Maude E., bom Sept. 1861; married M. L. Ross, Dec. 6, 1883. 

XLIV. 

Abel Tbumbull, son of Abel and Mary Eliza (Hunt) Howard, married Aug. 27, 
1861, Anna Hol^^ke, daughter Hon. Hnmpdeu and Mary P. S. (Jarvis) Cntts, Brat- 
tleboro, Vt. Issue: 

106. Cecil Hampden, bom Sept. 5, 1862, at Brattleboro, Vt. 

107. Mary Cutts, born Feb. 21, 1865, at Brattleboro, Vt. 

108. Edith Elizabeth, born Jan. 29, 1868, died 1869, at Matawan, N. J. 

109. Rose Jarvis. born Aug., 1869, died 1870, at Matawan. N. J. 

110. Maud Jarvis, bom July 19, 1871, died July 26, 1872, at Matawan, N. J. 

111. Charles Trumbull, born Oct. 18, 1873, at Brooklyn, N. Y. 

112. Edward Eliot, bom July 2, 1876, at Brooklyn, N. Y. 



THE COM NEC TICU T FAM/L Y. 403 

XLVIL 

AusTra, son of Abel and Mary E. (Hunt) Howard, married Sept., 1874, Emma 
Howard, Pomfret, Vt. hsua: 

113. Ernbst Samuel, bom Oct. 17, 1875. 

114. Ralph Austin, bom July 30, 1879. 

115. EuLA Alice, bom March 9, 1881. 

XLvm. 

George Abmstbono, son of Abel and M. E. H. Howard, married Aug. 24, 1866, 
Lizzie Jones, Chicago, HI. Issue: • 

116. Mabt Lizzie, bom Aug. 9. 1867. 

L. 

Sarah Sophia, daughter Abel and M. E. H. Howard, married Lyndon A. Shedd, 
Hartland, Vt., Nov. 26, 1869. Issue: 

117. Clara Lizzie, bom Sept, 9, 1871. 

118. Alice Louisa, bom May 6, 1874. 

LI. 

Hannah Elizabeth, daughter Abel and M. E. Hunt Howard, married at West 
Hartford, Vt., J. W. Squires, Council Bluffs, Iowa, Sept., 1873. Issue: 

119. Howard, bom 1874; died 1874. 

120. Bessie. 

121. Louie. 

122. William. 

LH. 

John, son of Wade and Emily (Hunt) White, married Jan. 14, 1857, Martha 
Mousbrount Issue: 



404 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

123. CoBA Emily, bom July, 1867; married Feb. 9, 1887. Emmet H. Hurlbnrt, 
Cleveland. Ohio. 



LIII. 

Emilt Ann, daughter Wade and Emily (Hunt) White, married Jerome B. Car- 
man, Cleveland, Ohio. 1861. Issut: 

124. Francks Emzabeth, bom March 9, 1862; died Feb. 19, 1865. 

125. Edwabd Wade, bora Aug. 13. 1866; married Nov. 19, 1884, Ida B. Porter. 



LVI. 



Claba, daughter Col. John Downer and Marion (Blood) Hunt, married Dr. 
Towler. Issue: ^ 

126. Maud, bom 1875. 

127. Louis Sevbbancb, born 1881; died Sept 2, 1887, 

128. 

Twins, born 1884. 
129. 



::l 



LVIIL 

Floba, daughter Phelps and Caroline (I'erkins) Hunt, married Charles Thorn, 
Woodstock, IlL Issue: 

130. A son. 

131. A daughter. 

LXIX. 

Ruth Hannah, daughter Ransel and Hannah D. (Hunt) Watkins, married 
Henry Hooker, Nov., 1857. Issue: 

132. Owen Ransel, bom July 14, 1859; married Emma B. Ruple, April 19, 1882. 

133. Flobence L., bom Aug. 9, 1864; married Geo. E. Kelch, Leigh ton, Mich 



THE COMfiECTICVT FAHHILY. 405 

LX. 

STiiiBs A., son of Rftn8€l and H. D. (Hunt) WatkinR, married Delia L. Cross, 
Oct., 1866. Issue: 

134. Alonzo Ransel, bom Oct. 29, 1867, 

135. Emma A., bom Sept. 14, 1869. 

136. Hannah E., bom Jan. 27, 1872. 

137. Stiles, A.. Jr., bom Dec. 31, 1875, 

138. CoBNKLiA M., bom Dec, 19, 1877. 

139. Maby L., bora Oct. 26, 1880. 

140. Thomas C, bom May 8, 1883. 

LXL 

Francis Hansel, son of Ransel and H. D. (Htint) Watkins, married Misw 
Evison, Leighton, Mich., Jan., 1875. Issue: 

141. Francm Hansel, Jr., bom Sept. 17, 1876. 

142. Floyd O., born Dec 6, 1878 

LXIL 

Emma J., daughter William 8. and Hannah D. (Hunt) Hooker, nmrried Ia 
Clark, Leighton, Mich., Jan. 1, 1882. Issue: 

143. Ina B., born May 28, 1884. 

144. Anna C, bom Nov. 12, 1885. 

LXIV. 

Ruth Sophia, daughter Joshua and Sarah A. (Hunt)Maxou, married Sept., 1867, 
C. F. Coudray, Oarrettsville. Ohio. Issue: 

145. Blanche F., born Jan. 1, 1869. 

146. Matjd E., born Dec. 25, 1872. 



406 THE ST/LCS GENEfiLOOY. 

147. Elsie M., born Aug. 7, 1875. 

148. Clara L., born Sept. 17, 1882. 

LXV. 

Tbumbull Hunt, son Eliphaz Stiles and Emetine (l)immick) Hunt, married 
Clara Marsh, West Hartford Vt, Jan. 3, 1872. Issue: 

149. Clayton Marsh, May 25, 1882. 

LXXXIL 

Anna Frances, daughter Henry E. H. and E. W. K. Gilbert, married E. F. 
Storrs. June 27, 1882. Issm: 

150. Ada May, born April 8. 1885. 

151. GiLBBBT Holland, born April 19, 1886. 

cin. 

Frances A., daughter Alonzo and A. Hunt Buffum, married G. L. Smith, June 
13, 1879. Issue: 

152. Earl G., bom Sept. 8, 1882. 

153. Maude P., bom March 23, 1884. 

cxxv. 

Edward Wade, son Jerome B. and Emily A. (White) Carman, married Ida B. 
Porter, Nov., 1884. Issue: 

154. Jessie Marguerite, bom July, 1885. 

155. Clark Cecil, born May 12, 1887. 



Descendants of John' Stiles, the Emigrant, 

IN THE LINE OF HIS THIRD SON, ISAAO,« 



Th& Stratford and Woodbury (Conn.) Line. 

FAMILY 2. 

6. Isaac^ Stiles, [41 (John,^) bom in Windsor, Conn. 
" In a journal kept by the Eev. Mr. Sharp, an Episcopalian 
clergyman in the Colony of New York, during Lord Cornbury's 
administration, under date of Jan. 27, 1710, is this entry: * Baptized 
Isaac Stiles, the first male child born in the Colony of Con- 
necticut, a man of 80 years of age ' (Hazard's Hist. Coll.) 
Lord Cornbury's administration ended in 1709 ; Gov. Hunter 
succeeded, June, 1710, and in 1711 visited Connecticut and 
passed through Stratford. His Chaplain preached and baptized 
there. At this occasion I suppose, Mr. Sharp baptized aged 
Isaac Stiles, at Stratford." — Pres. Stiles'' MSS. Genealogy, 

To this note in my first edition of the Stiles Family Gene- 
alogy, in a copy formerly belonging to the Hon. James Savage, 
compiler of the Neio England Gen, Dictionary^ is added, in the 
handwriting of that venerable scholar, this remark: "Of course, 
if the first male child born in Conn., he would not be more than 
76, instead of 80 years. Perhaps his mental faculties, in Jan., 
1710-11, were infirm, so that he might not judge rightly of his 
own age; and the Reverend officiating priest was perhaps too 
ignorant of the history to correct his venerable catechumen's 
error." 

He married (1) Hannah *; settled, about 1665, at 

• Oothren {Hiit. Ancient Woodbury, Conn.,) mentiouiiig bis chlldrea, says: "By his wlte 
Hannah, who survived him." 



408 Tfl£ STfLiS GEK£/(LOGr. 

Wethersfield, Conn., and removed to Straford, Conn., after 1671, 
A deed of land, dated June 26, 1705, recorded July 20, 
1706, (p. 350, Bk. IL, Land Convey,, Strafford Rec.,) to his son 
Jonathan, is the only extant deed given by him. It conveys 
24 acres of division lands not laid off, '^Provided he looks 
well after me, sufficient meat and drink, boarding <& lodging & 
Wdshing (f all such necressaries tfe comforts as I shall need in sick- 
ness or health,'' etc, etc, ''also to make 2 hhh. cyder yearly if ye 
fruit of ye orchard will afford it.'' Jonathan is also charged with 
payment of £3 each, to daughters Hannah, Sarah and 
Deborah.— (i^a/r/e?rf Co. Rec, Vol. IL, Pt. 2, p. 350.) He was 
one of the petitioners to the Bishop of London, April, 1707, for 
the establishment of Christ Church, at Stratford.* He died at 
Stratford, Conn., Jan. 6, 1714-15; his wife surviving him. 

Children (as atranged by Pres. Stiles): 

7. I. IsAAC,^ born 1663, (Cothren says " who may have come 

between Deborah and Jonathan); married 
Hannah Eose. Family 3. 

8. II. JoHN,^ who, Pres. Stiles says " died, unmarried, before 

1710;" but whom Cothren says he does not find 
upon the Stratford Records. 

9. IIL Joseph,^ who, Pres. Stiles says "died before 1710; and 

whom, like his brother John, Cothren does not 
find on the Records. 

10. IV. Sarah,*^ born at Stratford, Conn., Nov. 18, 1677;* 

married Perry, of Derby, Conn., (Pres. 

Stiles MSS.) 

11. V. Deborah,^ born at Stratford, Conn., Jan. 18, 1682;* 

married John Shethar, of Killingworth, Conn. 

• OrauU's Hist. Straford, Conn., 367. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 409 

12. VI. Jonathan,^ born at Stratford, Conn., March 10, 1688-9.* 

As this Jonathan was the Founder of the large and re- 
markable New Jersey Family, his further history 
will be found in connection with the Connecticut- 
New Jersey Family. 

13. VII. Hannah,'^ born at Stratford, Conn., Nov. 3, 1894; * 

of whom Pres. Stiles (MSS, Gen.) says, " whom I 
have also seen, in 1748, at Darby;" married Mr. 
Tibbald.t Issue: 

14. i. Dauohteb,* married Johnson. 

FAMILY 3. 

15. isaac^ Stiles, [7J {Isaac,^ John,^) bornin 1663; married 
Hannah (daughter of Eobert Kose,t of Stratford, Conn. Isaac 
Stiles died 1690, se. 26 or 27 years. Inventory of his estate, taken 
Dec, 15, 1691: Amount £91:13:09. Hannah, his widow, ap- 
peared before the Court Feli. 15, 1691-2, and made oath to it. 
The Court appointed her, with Isaac Benit, administrators.** 
Mrs. Hannah Stiles married (2), Samuel Hargar, of Derby, 
Conn.,tt May 9, 1693. 

16. I. Deborah,^ married Samuel (son of Samuel) Shethar, 
of Killingworth, Conn., 1716. (Pres. Stiles' 

MSS.) 

* — ^— ^— 

♦ Stratford, CVmn.. Toum Records, II., 483, 485. 

t John Tibball's, of Derby. 

t Boberi Uose. 8r., came from Ipswich, EDgland, 1634, In ship Francis, haring among other 
children. Robert, Jr. , ab. 15, who came to Stratford before 1648, and then had a wife Rebecca, and 
eight children, of whom the youngest Hannah, (bom 1666). married Isaac Stiles. 

*♦ Fadrjield Co. (Conn.) Probate ieec.,€.lb. 1689-1701, p. 100. 

tt This marriage has usually been credited to Hannah, the daughter of Isaac* Stiles. But 
the eminent genealogist Mr. D. W. Pattibson. gives me the following note: **The Town 
Records of Derby, Oonn., show that Samuel Hargar (not Hargls), of Derby, married May 9, 1693, 
with Hannah Stiles, of Stratford. The name Is variously spelled Harger, Hargler, and Hard- 
year, which last Is his own form In signature to deeds. She could not have been that Hannah 



410 THE STILES GENEALOGY 

17. IL Isaac,* born April 5, 1690, four months after bis 
father*8 death;* married Abigail Adams. 
Family 4. 

FAMILY 4. 

18. IsaaC^ Stile8, [7], (Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Jolin,^) born April 
o, 1690; married (1) Abigail Adams, of Milford, Conn., Feb. 25, 
1718-19.t She was born Sept. 25, 1696.:): He married (2) 

Sarah , according to Cothren, (Hist Ancient Woodbury^ 

('Onn,), who says of the first wife that " she seems to have died 
before 1724, for, in that year his wife Sarah was dismissed to 
Ilipton Church, from Stratford." 

Mr. Isaac Stiles settled first at Stratford, then at Woodbury, 
Conn. He died April 16, 1787, in his 97th year.** Mrs. Sarah 
, Stiles died Dec. 19, 1771. 

Children; (all hut the last born at Stratford^ Conn,): 

11). I. WnxiAM,* born Jan. 23, 1719-20. ft 

t 

20. II. Sauah,-' born Dec. 19, 1721; married Lieut. Silas 

Hitchcock, April 9, 1741. 

21. III. Abigail,'' born April 6, 1723; married David Munn, 

Aug. 1, 1751. 

22. IV. Hannah,^ born July 12; died Nov. 4, 1726. 



(daughter of Isaac*) who was bom Nov. 3. 1694 ; but was rather Hannah, the widow of Isaac 
Stiles, Jr. They had children (born In Derby. Conn ^ : Joseph (Hardyear), bom April 20. 1694, 
died July 30, 1695; Margaret ^Hardyear), bora Dec. 6 1695; Samuel (Hardyear), born Sept. 34, 
1697-8. 

* That he was the son of Isaac,* Is shown by a deed from Isaac and John Shelton to Jameft 
Booth. Fairfield, Co. Rtc, Vol. II., Pt. J, p. 371. 

t Strafford Rec., 480. 

I Strafford, Cnnn., Rec, II., 480. 

*• Family Bible. 

ft Stratford, Conn., R^c, II., 480. 



THE CONMECTICUT FAMILY 411 

23. V. Isaac,' born April 17, 1728; married Elizabeth . 

Family 5. 

24. VI. Mabel,' bom April 11, 1730, (Pres. Stiles M8S.): 

married (according to Southbury Eec, Cofhretis 
Ancient Woodbury, Conn,, p. ii., 476), Capt. 
Hodskip, Feb. 22, 1763.* 

25. VII. Betty,' bom July 2, 1732; unmarried 1785 (Pren. 

Stiles' MSS) 

26. VIII. Mary,' born Sept. 21, 1734. 

27. IX. Samuel,' bom June 1, 1736; married Phebe Brooks. 

Family 6. 

28. X. John,' born Aug. 21, 1738; married Betsy Olds. 

Family 7. 

29. XI. David,' born at Woodbury, Conn., June 18, 1741. 

FAMILY 6. 

30. isaac^ Stiles, [23], Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Johv,^) born 
at Stratford, Conn., April 17, 1728; married, Elizabeth . 

Children: 

31. I. Eunice,* baptized July 14, 1751; died unmarried, 

1776. 

32. II. Annis,* baptized July 1, 1763; married Nathaniel 

BristoLt Nov. 10, 1777. 



* Mabel idaughterof iBaac) Stiles of Southbury. according to Bronson^s Bist, WaUrbmyt 
Conn., p. 606) became the second wife of Deacon Qldeon Hotchklss, who settled in Southeast 
part of Waterbury about 17S6 He was a prominent man In that town, and denoon In the first 
Church of Salem, Conn. 

t OOthren says, Brewster. 



412 THE STILES GENEALOGY, 

33. III. GiDEON,« baptized May 15, 1757. 

34. IV. Nathan,* born ; married Betsy Wagner. 

Family 8. 

35. V. Truman,^ born in Southbury, Conn., 1761; married (1) 

Lavinia Leavenworth ; married (2) Anne Jarrett. 
Family 9. 

36. VL Lewis,** born* ; married . 



37. Vn. Simeon,* born ; died April 1, 1777, ne. 11 years, 

of 8mallpox.t 

FAMILY 6. 

38. Samuel' Stiles, [271, (Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Isaac,^ John.^J 
born June 1, 1736; settled in Woodbury, Conn.; married Phebe 
Brooks, of Redfield, Conn., Feb. 18, 1771. 

Mr. Samuel Stiles died April 11, 1819. 

Children : 

39. L Abigail,' born Dec. 4, 1771; died Sept. 14, 1775. 

40. II. David,'' born April 11, 1773; married Sarah Bood. 

Family 10. 

41. in. Timothy," born Feb. 23, 1775; married Eleanor 

Stuart. Family 11. 

42. IV. EuTH,« born Jan. 19, 1778, (Family Rec, 1777); 

died Sept. 15, 1778. 

• Southbury Rtc. give marriage oi Lewis Stiles to Sarah Wray, at Bethlem, Conn., Sept. 16, 
1793; there is a tradition that he removed to Mlnlslnk, N. Y., and had a family, 
t 1777 Family Rec. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 413 

43. V. Ruth Ann,*' born Jan. 1, 1779; married Case, 

resided in Clarksfield, Ohio, near her brother 
Benjamin.* 

44. VL Benjamin,* born Sept. 1, 1781, (Family Rec, 1780); 

married (1) Ann Morris; married (2) Mrs. Han- 
nah Trowbridge; married (3) Rhoda Root. 
Family 12. 

46. VIL Freeman," born March 6, 1782; died July 18, 1782. 

46. Vni. ALATHEA,«t born April 17, 1785. 

FAMILY 7. 

47. John* StileSv L^^l^ r^««o^/ haac,^ Isaac,^ JoJm,^) horn 
at Stratford, Conn., Aug. 21, 1738; married Betsy Olds, Aug. 13,J 
1760. Was in the Revolutionary service. His great-grandson, 
A. F. Stiles, of Benton Harbor, Mich., (though he makes the mis- 
take of calling him Daniel), says: " I have heard him tell about 
lying on the ground, a blanket over him, finding himself under 
three feet of snow in morning." Soon after the close of the Revo- 
lutionary War, he removed with his family to Salisbury, Herki- 
mer Co., N. T. 

Children : 

48. I. Hannah,« baptized Nov. 22, 1761. 

49. n. Daniel Olds,' born June 10;** baptized July 22, 

1764; married (1) Abby Farrington; married 
(2) Sarah Buckland. Family 13. 

* Letter of Miss Eleanor stUes. 

t Family Uec. 

t CothrensayH May. 

♦* Family Rec. 



414 T^ff^ STILES GEMEALOGY. 

50. III. Asa/ baptized March 1, 1767; married Rebecca 

Gaboon. Family 14. 

51. IV. John/ baptized May 20, 1770; married . 



52. V. Aaron," baptized July 4, 1773; married Abigail 

Gaboon. Family 15. 

53. VL Anprew,^ baptized May 22, 1776; married . 

Family 16. 

54. VII. Philo,« baptized July 23, 1780; married Lucy Ives;* 

settled in Salisbury, Herkimer Go., N. Y., 
whore his descendents are said still to live. 

FAMILY 8. 

55. Nathan^ Stiles, 1 34J, (Inaac,^ Isaac,* haac,^ Isaae;^ 
John,^) married Betsy Wagner, June 24, 1782,t in South 
Britain, Goun.J He lived and died in Oxford, Gonn.; is men- 
tioned in records of that town, as being, in 1811, owner of cer- 
tain cattle-ear-marks. 

(JIn'h/ren: 

56. L Simeon,' born Sept. 11, 1783; died March 6, 1810. 

(Oxford Town and Chnrch Rec) 

57. II. Lyman," born Jan. 26, 1786; married (1) ; 

(2) Electa Galpin. Family 17. 

58. IIL Eleanok,* bom Feb. 14, 1789; married Feb. 5, 1810, 

Isaac Treat,** of Oxford, Gonn. 



• Letter of Ml8« Eleanor Stiles, Youngstown, Ohio, 
t One of 0otliren*8 Rec., p. 480, aays 1781. 
t Hist. Woodbury, 630. . 
•* Oxifonl Church R<c. 



THE CONMECriCUT FAMfLK 415 

59. IV. Nathan HenriV born Sept. t30, 1792; married (1) 

Sally Prindle; married (2) Koxana Sackett. 
Family 18. 

60. V. Cynthia," born May 5, 1796; died Aug. 2, 1809, 

(Oxford Church Eec.) 

61. VL Garwood," born Feb. 5, 1799; married Nancy N. 

Hyde. Family 19. 



FAJ^IILY 9. 

62. Truman*^ Stiles, [35 1, (Imac,^ haac,^ Imdc;^ Isaac ;' 
John,^) born at Sou thbtiry, Conn., 1 761 ; married (1 ) Lavinia Leaven- 
worth, Sept. 23, 1793; married (2) Anna Jarrett, born in South- 
bury, Conn., 1818. Was a farmer and trader. 

Mr. Truman Stiles died 1839, ap. 78. Mrs. Anna J. died in 
Watertown, Conn., 1884. 

Children (by first marriage): 

63. I. Sherman," born at Southbury, Conn., 1796; died at 

Southbury, Conn., July 31, 1838.* Family 20. 

64. II. Charles Robert,* married and had son Charles, who 

resides at Buffalo, N. T. 

65. III. Erastus," bom ; a farmer; unmarried; drowned. 

66. rV^ Nancy," born in Southbury, (^onn.; died unmarried in 

Bethlem, Conn. 

67. V. Harriet," born ; married Abraham Bassett. 

No issue. Resides (1885) Bethlem, Ccmn. 



* CbtAren. 483, 498. 



416 THE STILES GEMEALOOY 

(By second marriage): 

68. VI. Anna Janette,' born in Southbury, Conn. 1818; died 
at Watertown, Conn. 1884. 

FAMILY 10. 

69. David* Stiles, [40], (5am?(e/,' Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Isaac;^ 
John,^) born at Woodbury, Conn., April 11, 1773; married Sarah 
Rood, Dec. 1, 1796. Is said to have been a most intellectual 
looking man, and gave his children a good education. Resided 
and died Jan. 17, 1871, in Paris Hill, Oneida Co., N. Y. Was 
a farmer. Mrs. Sarah (Rood) Stiles died at Paris Hill, Oct. 3, 
1829, 8B. 56 years and 4 months. 

Children : 

70. I. Minerva,^ born in Danbury, Conn., Sept. 18, 1797; 

married Harris Munson; had 3 children. 

71. II. Anna,' born in Danbury, Conn., July 29, 1802; mar- 

ried Dr. Aaron Bllgh. Issue: 

72. i. David Stiles. » 

Mrs. Anna (Stiles) Bligh, died Jan. 24, 1845. 

73. III. Phebe,' born at Paris, N. Y., Sept. 24, 1804; married 

(1) April 11, 1828, Charles Royce, who died 
May 1, 1846; married (2) Sept. 22, 1847, William 
Osborn, who died June 15, 1853. Mrs. O. 
resides (1885) at Paris, N. Y. Issue by first 
husband [Royce): 

74. i, Sabah Stile8> born Nov. 12, 1830; married Sept. 1, 1847. 

Elnathan J. Ormtbee. She died Feb. 16, 1865. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 417 

75. ii. Mary Adrline,8 born May 7, 1834; married May 7, 1857, 

Milton Hubbard. 

76. iii. Herbert Spencer, s bom Aug, 29, 1839. Resided (1888) 

with his mother, at Paris, Oneida Co., N. Y. Ia un- 
married. 

77. IV. Amasa Fabrique," born at Paris, N. Y., Nov. 7, 1808; 

man-ied . Family 21. 

78. V. kSally,' born at Paris, N. Y., Dec. 29, 1810; married 

Feb. 15, 1832, at Paris, N. Y., where she (1885) 
resides, Carlos V. J. Doolittle. Issue: 

79. i. Edward, 8 born April 27, 1834; married Jan 27. 1857, at 

Preble, N. Y.. Sarah J. Burdick. Issue: (1) Edward 
Biirdiek born Dec. 25, 1859; (2) Carlos Van Jnlius, 
bom March 19, 1866; (3) Phineas Stiles, born Dec. 21, 
1875. 

80. ii. Caroline Eliza," bom Jan. 7, 1840; died July 12, 1860. 

81. iii. Carlos V. J.," bora Oct. 1, 1862 

FAMILY 11. 

82. Timothy^ Stiles, [41], {Samnel,^ Isaac,^ Isaac,"^ Isaac;' 
John,^\ born at Woodbury, Conn., Feb. 23, 1775; married, in 
Woodbury, Eleanor Stuart, who was of Scotch ancestry upon 
her father's side, her grandfather being cotemporary with, and 
a kinsman of Prince Charlie, of Culloden memory; and received 
letters from him, inviting him to assist in the uprising to seat that 
Prince upon the throne of Scotland. She was a woman of 
strongly marked traits of character, having what is known as 
"the courage of her convictions." It is related of her that, 
when the first Anti-Slavery meeting was held in Canfield, where 
she resided, she was one of seven women who joined 
hands, standing in a circle around the lecturer during his ad- 
dress, forming a living cordon to protect him from the angry, 
threatening mob. She died Jan., 1860, at the age of 83, in full 



418 THE STILES GEMEALOGY. 

])()sse88ion of her faculties. She married (2) Comfort Starr Mygatt, 
ill 1807, who emif^ated and settled in Canfield, Ohio, in the 
old Connecticut Western Reserve. Mr. Timothy Stiles died at 
the age of 26, about 1801, from the effects of an injury. 

Children (born in Danbttry, Conn.): 

88. I. Jairus,' born Jan., 1797; married Almira Landon. 
Family 22. 

84. 11. Henry,' born May 6, 1798; married Mary Reeves. 
Family 23. 

FAMILY 12. 

85. Benjamin^ Stiles, [44J, [Samuel,^ Isaac,* Isaac;' Isaac^^ 
John,^) born Sept. 1, 1780, at Woodbury, Conn.,* resided awhilet 
in New York City; removed and settled July, 1818, on a large 
tract of land which he owned in what was then known as the 
"Connecticut Firelands," Clarksfield, Huron Co., Ohio — his son 
Samuel being the first white male child born in that township. 
He resided there until his death, April 23, 1872; his business 
was that of a saddler. 

He married (1) Ann Morris; married (2) widow Hannah 
Trowbridge, who died in 1823; married (3) May, 1826, Rhoda 
(daughter of Joseph and Tryphena Moseley)J Root, of Wiestfield, 
Mass., who died June 1, 1851. 

Child (by first maiTiage): 
86. I. Edmund Morris,^ died young. 



* The Firelandt Pioneer^ X., 91, gives date and place of his blrtb at Southbury, Oonn., 1779. 
He was a member of the Flrelands Pioneer Association, 
t Ihid. 
X An aunt of Hon. J. M. Root, formerly M. C, of Sandusky. (Ohio) District. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 419 

By second marriage: 

87. II. Ann/ born in New York City, 1809; married Willis 

Case; died 1854, at Clarksfield, Ohio.* No 
issue. 

88. II. AletheV l>orn in New York City; married Ephraim 

Webb;t is now (1888) deceased; left eigtt or ten 
children, the eldest of whom, Delia, married a 
Mr. Saxton. 

89. III. Henry,'^ born in New York City, 1811; married Sally 

Starr;t died May, 1866, at Clarksfield, Ohio. 

90. rV. Joseph,'^ born in New Yqrk City, 1813; married Betsy 

Eowland;t died Oct., 1842, at Clarksfield, Ohio. 

91. V. Lucy,' born in New York City, 1816; married; died 

Feb., 1835, at Clarksfield, Ohio. 

92. VI. Samuel,' born at Clarksfield, Ohio, 1818; married 

Ariette Livermore.J 

93. VII. William,' born , 1821; married Diana Tyler, 

(cousin of Ossian Dodge, of musical fame). J 

94. VIII. Harriet,' born and died, 1823, at Clarksfield, Ohio. 

By third marriage: 

95. IX. Hannah Maria,' born April 8, 1829; married April, 

1848, Alfred G. Meade. Mr. M. is engaged in 
farming and lumbering, and for six years past 
has been Township Supervisor. Besides (1885) 
Fremont, Newago Co., Mich. Issue: 

* Lettei* of M1B8 Eleanor Silles, of Toungstown, who Bays the name of her husband was 
Esra Bowland. 

t Letter of Mrs. Hannah Meade. Tremont, Newaggo Go., Mich. 
% Letter of Miss Eleanor Stiles, of Toungstown, Ohio. 



420 THi STILES GENEALOGY 

96. i. Clabence A.,** born Dec, 1849; married Irene Milnor, 

1876 

97. ii. Edmond Stilks," born July, 1853; miirrie<l Maggie LoYe. 

1881. 

98. iii. Clairinette,» bom June, 1855; married Charles Miinor, 

1878. 

99. iv. WiLLiE,8 bom June, 1857; died Dec, 1858. 

100. V. Edith A..» bora May, 1863. 

101. vi. LiNLBY M.,f bom April, 1866. 

102. vii. WiNTHBOP G..' bora April, 1872. 

103. viii. Clifford S.,« born July, 1874. 

104. X. (Kev.) Edmund Root," born July 12, 1834; married. 

Famha' 24. 

FAMILY 13. 

105. Daniel Olds' Stiles, [49], (John,"^ Isaac,' Isaac,^ 
haac,^ Johij^) born June 10, 1764, in Brandon, Vt.; married Jan. 
4, 1787, (1) Abby* Farrin^ton, born July 19, 1764, who died in 
Burlington, Vt., Sept. 25, 1793; married Jan. 9, 1794,(2) Sarah 
Buckland, or Bucklin, who was born in Herkimer Co., N. T., 
May 18, 1769, and who died Sept. 22, 1831. After this marriage 
he removed to Newport, Herkimer Co., N. Y. Enlisted in the 
Revolutionary Army at the age of 17. He was a tailor; at one 
time studied and travelled with a so-called "Indian Doctor," 
(from whence the tradition among some of his descendants, that 
he was partly of Indian birth); was a Baj^tist, a man of fine 
presence, and agreeable manners. He died Aug.t 4, 1873. 



• In all the family records called " Nabby"—lmt according to Mrs. Lydia Spencer Dreeser, 
was " Abigail." 

t Letter and Records furnished by Geo. Farrington Dresser, 3 Union St., Wat<'rlown, N. Y., 
say, "Oct. 13." 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 421 

Clnldreii (hy first mamage, batm in Burlhigtony Vt.): 

106. I. Farringtonv l)oru Oct. 31, 1787; married (1) Betsy 

Kelsey; married (2) Jemima Kelsey. Family 25. 

107. II. Thirza,"* born Oct. 10, 1789; married Dr. Patten, 

went to Utah and joined the Mormons. 

108. in. John," l^orn March 16, 1791, married Persis Cole. 

Family 26. 

109. IV. ABBY,'t born Aug. 30, 1793; married . 



[By second marriage ^ horn in Herkimer Co., N. F.): 

110. V. David B.,' born May 28, 1795; married llebecca 

Deveraux. Family 27. 

111. VI. Nancy,' born July 28, 1797; died July 4, 1868; 

married (1) Kimpton, cabinet maker; 

married (2) Tucker; had a family of 

girls. Some of her grandchildren, by the name 
of Wilson, reside in Fairfield, N. Y., 1888. 

112. VII. MiRZA,"born July 27, 1799; married Barney : 

113. Vni. Harvey Hawkins,* born May 30, 1801; married 

Roxana ; was a blacksmith and deceased. 

His widow and children reside (1888), at Whites- 
boro, or Whitestown, N. Y, Family 28. 

114. IX. Susan,' born June 30, 1803; married Lamp- 

hier.** 



• Same autohrity aajrs one of theee daughters named a Calhoun, the other a ReynoUl8. 
Both Joined the Mormon». 

t Letters of Alonzo F. SlUes, of Beuton Harbor, Berrien Co., Mich 

X One authority says, died unmarried, at Newi>ort, N. Y. 

** All affidavit of her uleter-ln-law. Mrs. Bosanna (widow (*f Haivey) Stllef. bs ye. Susan died 
single July 27, 1839. le 29. 



4'22 THi STILES GENiALOGY. 

115. X. George Keith,^ born July 8, 1805; married (1) 

Perrin; married (2) Harriet Byron Bose. 

Family 29. 

116. XL Daniel,' born Dec. 12, 1807; married Mary Web}>. 

Family 30. 

117. XII. Sakah,^ born Aug. 5, 1809; married Alauscm Barney, 

blacksmith, of Newport, N. Y.; is deceased. 

FAMILY 14. 

118. Asa' Stiles, \50\{Jo1w,^ Isaac,* Jsaac;^ haac,^ John,^) 
born March 1, 1767; married, in Salisbury, N. Y., Eebecca 
Cahoon, sister of his brother Aaron's wife, in 1789. They re- 
moved from Otsego Co., N. Y., to Ohio, in 1811, and settled ** in 
the woods " at Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio. In 1822 or 
'23, together with his brother Aaron, he visited his relatives in 
Otsego Co., N. Y., traveling with an ox team, and taking with 
them a pet bear and a live six-foot rattlesnake, which they ex- 
hibited in the bar rooms of the country taverns at which they 
stopped on their journey. Mr. Stiles was a kindly man, and 
universally esteemed by all acquaintances. He was a member 
of the Baptist Church, and for several years a Justice of the 
Peace in his township. In person he was of medium height 
and size, with light complexion, a face rather long than round, 
and bearing a pleasant expression under all circumstances. 
Indeed, his good nature was not infrequently taken advantage 
of by others. 

Mr. Asa Stiles died at Warrensville, Ohio, March 12, 1834, 
aged 68 years. Mrs. Bebecca ( Cahoon ) Stiles died at War- 
rensville, May 25, 1824, in her 53d year. 

(fhildreti (all born in Neiv York State): 

119. I. Hannah,^ born 1790; married William Addison, in 
Warrensville, Ohio, 1817. Issue: 



THE CONNECTIOUT FAM/LK 423 

120. i. HiBAM M.,8 born Nov. 21, 1818, married Ann McCaslin, 

of Indiana township, Alleghany Co.. Penn., (born 
Nov. 13, 1825). ChUdren: (1) Flora (Addison), bom 1846; 
married James Brown* (now deceased); has Geo. W. 
and Bessie M. Brown. Mrs. Flora (Addison) Brown, 
resides (1885), Oleveland. Ohio. (2) Mary J. (Addison), 
born 1848; married William Oswald, (now deceased). 
ChUdren, William, James and Neva Oswald. Mrs. Mar>' 
J. (Addison) Brown resides (1885), Jeffersonville, Ind. 
(3) Minerva M. (Addison), born 1850; married Charles 
Anderson. ChUdren, Neva M., Charles M., Frances C, 
Jessie H., Albert £., Walter L. Mrs. M. M. (Addison) 
Brown, resides (1885), Jeffersonville, Ind. (4) Thomas 
E. (Addison), bom 1850; resides (1885) unmarried, at 
Cleveland, Ohio. (5) Jessie H. (Addison); married 
Albert C. Croetzinger. No issue. 

121. ii. Hervby N.,8 born May 10, 1820; married Louisa Bansom, 

of Warren sville, Ohio, (born about 1825). Resides 
(1885), at Leonidas, St. Joseph Co., Mich. Issue: (1) 
William; (2) Bertha; (3) Mary. 

Mrs. Hannah (Stiles) Addison died May 
20, 1875. 

122. II. Betsy,^ born 1792; died unmarried, at Warrensville, 

Ohio, Dec. 8, 1861. 

123. III. Amos C," born 1794; married 1848; died Oct. 21, 

1854. 

124. IV. Wilbur,^ born 1796; died Nov. 10, 1846, unmarried. 

125. V. Khodv born 1800; married, 1818, Watson, 

died May 21, 1875. 

126. VI. HiUAM,' born 1804; married Mandana Duty. 

Family 31. 

127. VII. Ei^CTA,* born in Bloomfield, Otsego, N.'Y.; married 

1846, Calvin Fish, of New York State; died 
March 31, 1873, (born 1816). Tsfine: 



424 TM^ STILES GiNEALOGY, 

128. i. Ohauleh/ born 1847; married Eliza Smith, (bom 1849), 

in 1876. Chilil, (1) Virginia, bom 1879. 

129. ii. James,** bom 1850; married, 1871. Children, (1) Heni-y 

J., bora 1873; (2) Albert W.. bom 187fi. 

Mrs. Electa (Stiles) Fish, resides (1885), at 
CleveJand, Ohio, in full possession of her mental 
powers and faculties. To her and her nephew, 
Hiram M. Addison, of 37 Congress St., Cleve- 
land, Ohio, we are indebted for the history of 
families of Asa and Aaron Stiles. 

FAMILY 15. 

130. Aaron' Stiles, 1 52 ], ( Jo/«>/;^ Isaac,' Isaac.^Isaac.^Jolm,') 
ba])tized July 4, 1773;* married probably in Harpersfield, Del- 
aware Co., N. Y., Sep. 3, 1798, Abigail (sister of his brother 
Asa's wife) Cahoon, who was born March 30,1779, and who died 
October 15, 1867, 8B. 88 years, 6 months, 15 days.t He removed 
to Harj)erstield about 1810. 

Mr. Aarcm Stiles died Jan. 19, 1843, m, 66 years, 8 months. 
ChiJ(heii: 

131. I. Daniel," born Aug. 14, 1799, at Harpersfield, Dela- 

ware Co., N. Y.; married Nancy Washburne. 
Family 32. 

132. II. PoLLY,^born April 18, 1802, at Lebanon, Madison Co., 

N. Y.; married Sept. 14, 1824, Salmon Sperry, 
(Prob, Rec): Issue: (all born in Rock Creek 
Village, Morgan Township, Ashtabula Co., Ohio): 



♦ It l8 probable, from the family tradition and evidence furnished by Mrs. Electa 8. Fish , 
and the researches of L. A. Stiles, that the dates of Aaron's and hU brother Andrew's baptism 
should be reversed. Aaron was born May 19, 117^; died January 19, 184.S, cp. 66 years and 8 
months. 

t Lawson A. Stiles. Cleveland. Ohio. 





THE CONMiCTICUT FAMILY. 


133. 


i. 


Harriet.* 


134. 


ii. 


Carlos.** 


135. 


iii. 


OR80N.8 


136. 


iv. 


Laura.' 


137. 


V. 


Matilda.' 


138. 


vi. 


Clinton.*' 


139. 


vii. 


Emily." 


140. 


viii. 


Florence. « 


141. 


ix. 


Marion. » 



425 



142. III. Ira,^ born Jan. 12, 1806; married Roxy Case. 

Family 33. 

143. IV. HuLDAH,'' born Feb. 19, 1809; married 



Carpenter. Isme: (all born in Cuyahoga, Ashta- 
bula Co., Ohio): 



144. 




i. Fayette. 


145. 




ii. Edward. 


146. 




iii. Mabia.» 


147. 




iv. Emily. 8 


148. 




V. Irving.' 


149. 


V. 


Thirza,'^ bom ii 



Thirza,'^ bom in Ashtabula Co., Ohio, Dec. 24, 1811 r 
married George W. Wolsey. Issue: (all born im 
Rock Cteek Village, Morgan Township, Astabula; 
Co., Ohio): 



150. ' i. Amelia. '^ 

151. iL Sarah.8 



426 


THE STILES GENEALOGY. 


152. 


iii. LorsiA.** 


153. 


iv. Lawsox.s 


154. 


V. Riley. 8 


155. 


vi. Marie.^ 



Mrs. Thirza (Stiles) Wolsey ia still (1885), 
living. 

156. VI. Betsy,' born Astabula Co., Ohio, Jan. 20, 1814; 

married Nov. 23, 1843, Irving Brewster, who 
was born at Madison, Ohio, Dec. 22, 1822, (son 
of Alvin and Lavina Newcomb) Brewster, of 
Columbia, Conn.* Issne: 

157. i. Adelbert.^ 
15H ii. EroENE.'' 

Mrs. Betsy (Stiles) Brewster is still (1885) 
living. 

159. VII. EzRA,^ born Astabula Co., Ohio, Oct. 19, 1816; mar- 
ried Cynthia Kingsley. Family 34. 

FAMILY 16. 

160. Andrew'^ Stiles, [53], (Jolm,^ Isaac,* haac;^ Isaac, ^ 

JoJm,^) baptized May 22, 1776; married . He died in 

early manhood. 

Children: 

161. I. ANDREW.'t 



* Newcomb Geuealogy. 148. 
t Letter of Mrs. E. J. Fish. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, ' 427 

162. II. SallV ; lived in the later years of her life, 

in Warren, Mahoning Co., Ohio; said to have 
married John Cunningham; and to have XmAissKc: 



163. 


i. Cornelia. " 


164. 


ii. James.^ 




FAMILY 17. 



165. Lyman' Stiles, [57], (Nathai),^ Isaac,^ Isaac,* Isaac,^ 
Isaac,^ Johiij^) born Jan. 26, 1786, at Oxford, Conn.; married (1) 

; married (2) Electa Galpin. Is mentioned in Oxford 

(Conn.) Town Kecords, in 1811, as owner of cattle-car-marks; 
served in war of 1812.* Mr. Lyman Stiles died in Southford 
Society, Southbury, Conn., Oct. 23, 1872. 

Children (hy first ivife): 

166. 1. Nathan,** drowned in Bridgeport Harbor, Conn., 

while engaged on the Light Boat, off Stratford, 
Conn., 1840. 

(By second ivife): 

167. II. Harriet,^ married (1) Roberts, of Southbury, 

Conn., who was killed by a fall from a tree; 
married (2) Joseph Hale, of Woodbridge, Conn. 
By her first husband she had a son and a 
daughter. She resided in Woodbridge, and died 
in Seymour, Conn. 

168. Ill Bennett,^ born Southbury, Conn., March 3, 1821; 

married Clarissa L. Gibbord. Family 35. 

169. IV. Abel,'^ died unmarried. 

* Colhren'8 Hist. Woodbury, p. 789. 



428 THi STILES GENEALOGY. 

FAMILY 18. 

170. Nathan Henry' Stiles, [59], (Nathan,' Isaac,' Isaac,* 
Isaac, ^ Isaac,'^ JoJm,^) born Sept. 30, 1792, at Oxford, Conn.; mar- 
ried, Oct 27, 1814, Sally Prindle, of Newton, Conn., who died 
May 19, 1829; married (2) Eoxanna Sackett, of Pine Bridge, 
now Beacon Falls, Conn., Sept. 10, 1829. 

Mr. Nathan Henry Stiles died Nov. 26, 1842, in Southford, 
Conn., 

Children (hy first wife): 

171. I. Lewis Wellington,^ born Sept. 17, 1815, at Oxford, 

Conn.; married Angelina F. Euggles. Family 36. 

172. II. Simon Eiverius,^ born April 16, 1818, at Oxford, 

Conn.; was a tailor; removed to Ohio, in 1837; 
married Jane Sharritz, June 30, 1845, at Cedar- 
ville, Ohio. He died at Washington, Fayette 
Co., Ohio, Sept. 29, 1845. No issue: 

173. III. Henry Burdett,^ born at Southbury, Conn., Dec. 

12, 1820; married (1) Maria E. McLean; married 
(2) Diantha F. Barber; married (3) Helen G. 
Freeman. Family 37. 

174. IV. George Washington,^ born at Oxford, Conn., Feb. 

15, 1823; married Ellen J. Scott. Family 38. 

175. V. Albert Erastus,® born at Oxford, Conn., Feb. 9, 

1828; married (1) Mary A. Fox, of Middlebury, 
Conn., who died Aug. 14, 1855; married (2) Nov. 28, 
1855, in Southbury, Conn., Fannie M. Scovill. 
Family 39. 

(By second wife): 

176. VI. Adaline E.,^ unmarried; resides in New Haven, Conn. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 429 

177. VII. Aladdin Smith^ removed to CaliforniH, mauy years 

ago. 

178. VIII. BuRRiTT;^ was a volunteer in the War of the Civil 

Rebellion; at Cold Harbor had right arm and 
the calf of a leg and instep shot away; married. 
Family 40. 

179. IX. Elizabeth M.,« (on authority of H. B. Stiles, of 

Bridgeport, Conn., who says she was not married). 

FAMILY 19. 

180. Garwood' Stiles, [61], (Ndthan,'' Isaar,"^ Isaac,' 
Isaac;^ haac^ John,^) born at Oxford, Conn., Feb. 5, 1799; mar- 
ried Nancy N. Hoyt, of Salem (now Naugatuek), Conn. 

Mr. Garwood Stiles died in Oxford, Conn. 
Children: 

181. I. Charles Hoyt,^ born Oct. 31, 1821; married Ann A. 

Packer. Family 41. 

182. n. Jane E.,^ born in Oxford, Conn., Feb. 11, 1824; mar- 

ried Alvin L. Stewart, Oct. 4, 1857. Resides 
(1888), New Haven, Conn. 

183. III. David,** born in Oxford, Conn., Sept. 24, 1826; mar- 

ried Sarah E. Slye. Family 42. 

184. rV. Daughter;^ died young. 

185. V. Mary L.,^ born Sept., 1829; married Edward Lego, 

of New Haven, Conn. Resided in New Haven, 
Conn, deceased. Issue: 



430 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

18fi. i. DArOHTKK.* 

FAMILY 20. 

187. Sherman' Stiles, |63J, (Tivtman,' Isaac,' Isaac,* 
Isaac,"^ Isaac,^ John,^) born at Southbury, Conn., 1796; was a farm- 
er and shoemaker. He died at Rocky Hill, (Naiigatuck), Conn., 
July 30, 1838, ae. 42 years. He married Abigail Prindle, of 
parental French extraction, who died in Paris, 111., Nov. 13, 1871. 
He was a man of sterling qualities of character, and highly re- 
spected by his fellow citizens. 

Chihire.n : 

188. I Geokge E.,*^ married Nov. 4, 1838, (1) Marcia Peck; 

married (2) Lavinia Lewis. Family 43. 

189. 11. Caroline L.,** born at Southbury, Conn., March 24, 

1822; married Nov. 28, 1841, in New Haven, 
Conn., George Atkinson. Besides (1885), Paria, 
HI. Issue: 

190. i. Emma D.,9 born Aug. 28, 184*2; died May 24, 1846. 

191. ii. Alice L.,* born March 10, 1844. 

192. iii. Abby S.,« bom July 19, 1846. 

193 iv. RosANNA,9 born April 12, 1848; died July 22. 1848. 

194. V. Lydia,» born Aug. 6, 1850; died Sept. 7, 1850. 

195. vi. George,* bom Sept. 4, 1851. 

196. vii. Caroline M..9 born Aug. 9, 1853; died June 6, 1854. 

197. viii. Annie J.,' bom March 7, 1855. 

198. ix. Kate,9 bom Sept 26, 1857. 

199. X. Charles W.,9 bom Jan. 6, 1860. 



7H£ CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 431 

200. xi. LucY,» died Jan. 17, 1863. 

201. xii. Lucy Ellex,» born March 2, 1864; died . 

202. III. Truman,^ born March 24, 1824; married (1) Eliza 

Wooding; married (2) Mary E. Crowell. 
Family 44. 

203. IV. Elizabeth,^ married John Hall. Besides (1885), 

Waterbury, Conn., (address care of L. P. 
Pritchard). 

204. V. John E.,' married, and died April 25, 1873, at La- 

fayette, Ind., fle. about 53 years. Insue: 

205. i. Willis, » who residt-d at Watertown, Conn. 

206. VI. MarV born in Southbury, Conn.; died Feb. 7, 1865, 

ae. about 35 years, at Lafayette, Ind. 

207. VIL Ellen,*^ married Coller (now dead). Resides 

(1885), Naugatuck, Conn. 

208. VIIL Charles,^ resides (1885), Newtown, Harvey Co. 

Kansas; has eight children. 

FAMILY 21. 
209. Amasa Fabrique' Stiles, [77], (David,' Samuel; 

Isacu),^ Isaac,^ Isaac,'^ John,^) born at Paris, Oneida Co., N. Y., 
Nov. 7, 1807; married. 

Mr. A. F. Stiles, died Dec. 30, 1839. 

Child: 

210. I. Ellen J.,' married Greenhill. Besides (1885), 

Faxon Street, Utica, N. Y. 



432 TH^ ST/LES GENEALOGY. 

FAMILY 22. 

211. JairuS^ Stiles, [83], (Timothy,'^ Samuel^ Samtiel,' 
Isaac,* hanv,^ Isaacj^ John,^) born in Danbury, Conn., Jan., 1797; 
married Almira ^andon; removed to Medina, Medina Co., Ohio, 
where he resided until his death, Dec, 1865. 

Mrs. Almira (Landon) Stiles died 1872. After her death 
her children Eleanor, Laura, Stuart F. and Frank, removed to 
Youngstown, Mahoning Co., Ohio, where they in (1886) resided. 

Children : 

212. I. Eleanor,' unmarried (1886); to whom we are indebted 

for much information concerning this branch of 
the family. 

213. XL Almira.^ married Dr. Clark, and died in the 

prime of life, leaving. 

214. i. Infant Son.* 

215. in. Laura;^ unmarried (1886). 

216. IV. Henry Mygatt,^ died young. 

217. V. Stuart Foster;^ unmarried (1886), an engineer in 

Forsyth Scale Co., Youngstown, Ohio. 

218. VI. Jairus Benjamin,^ died young. 

219. VIL Frank,9 removed (1865) to Warren, Ohio, and 

became a clerk for his Uncle Henry; married 
Delia Austin; has no children; bookkeeper. 

FAMILY 23.* 

220. Henry^ Stiles, [841, (Timothy,'^ Samuel,'^ IsaacJ" 
Isaac, ^ Isaac, ^ Isaac^ John,^) born in Danbury, Conn., May 6, 



♦ Letters of Wni. R. Stilefi, of Warreu, Ohio. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 433 

1798; married March 28, 1820, Mary Beeves, of Westmoreland 
Co., Pa., bom Sept. 25, 1799; resided and died in Warren, Trum- 
bull Co., Ohio, Aug. 11, 1869. 

Mrs. Mary (Beeves) Stiles, died Dec. 7, 1859. 

Children : 

221. I. Henry Lane,' born Oct. 1, 1821; married Margaret 

A. Hay. Family 45. 

222. II. Timothy Morgan,' born July 20, 1824. Besides, un- 

married (1886), at Cincinnati, Ohio. 

223. m. William Beeves,' born April 29, 1827; married 

Elizabeth Quinby. Family 46. 

224. IV. Mary Ellen,* born Sept. 17, 1830; unmarried. Be- 

sides (1886), Warren, Ohio. 

225. V. Sarah Cassia,* born Jan. 9, 1834; married Jan. 19, 

1860, Lucian C. Jones. Besides (1886), Warren, 
Ohio. Issue: 



226. 


i. 


MauyS.w 


227. 


ii. 


Hattib p. 10 


228. 


iii. 


GeobobH.'o 



229. VI. George Mygatt,^ born June 4, 1840; died July 22, 
1872. 

FAMILY 24. 

230. Bev. Edmund Roof Stiles, [104], (Benjamin,' 
Samuel,^ Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Isaac, ^ John,^ )hoYii July 12, 1834, at Clarks- 
field, Ohio; pursued his collegiate studies at Williams and Oberlin 
Colleges, graduating from the latter in 1859, and from the Ober- 
lin Theological Serminay in 1863. 



434 TH£ STILES GENEALOGY. 

While in the Seminary, however, the War of the Civil Rebel- 
lion broke out, and Mr. Stiles was one of those enrolled in the 
first company raised in Oberlin, and as a Sergeant went with it 
tf) the front in 1861. He had the misfortune to be taken prisoner 
early in the war, and endured nine months of life in southern 
prisons. On being exchanged, he was brought to New York, to 
all appearances a dying man, but under the influences of nourish- 
ing food and good nursing he rallied, and was able to finish his 
studies at Oberlin and enter upon his life's work, although with 
a constitution much impaired. Towards the close of the war he 
returned to the army; and, in connection with the Christian Com- 
mission, ministered to the spiritual needs of the wounded. His 
first work in the ministry was the care of the church in Brighton, 
Ohio. From thence he removed to Lowell, Mich., where he 
remained for three years; after which he labored for eight years 
in Manchester, Iowa; from which place, about 1877, he 
was called to be pastor of the church in Hancock, Mich. His 
labors there were abundantly blessed of the Lord; all who knew 
him testify that, even beyond his strength, he labored for the 
salvation of souls. He had the invaluable power of winning the 
respect and love of those Vhom he met for the first time, and by 
continued acquaintance those feelings were invariably deepened; 
his thorough consecration to his work, his self-forgetfulness and 
kindly manners made his grave but pleasant face ever welcome 
in the homes of the rich and poor; his earnestness in the pulpit, 
having behind it high Christian character and sterling manhood, 
made him an eflfective preacher. As a pastor he possessed the qual- 
ities that would make any man efficient, while the sweet Christian 
influence that went out from his delightful home added much to 
his pastoral power. The absence of ostentation about the man, 
and the correctness of his business habits gave him great influ- 
ence with the business men of the town, and his loss was deeply 
felt by the whole community. He left his church free from dis- 
cord and from debt, and his death strengthened the bonds of 
affection between his people and himself. He was only in his 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 435 

forty-seventh year when he died, Jan. 13, 1881; and, had it not 
been for the privations he endured during the war, he might 
have been spared many years more to the people that loved him 
so dearly.* 

Kev. Mr. Edmund E. Stiles married Dec. 29, 1764, Angeline 
Amelia Bruce, of Laporte, Ohio; and a graduate (1859) of Ober- 
lin College. She resides (1885), at Oberlin, Ohio. 

Children : 

231. I. Edmund Bruce,^ born at Brighton, Ohio; was, in 

1885, a student at Oberlin College. 

232. II. Irene Ehoda,^ born at Lowell, Ohio or Mich., Sept. 

8, 1868. 

233. in. Gertrude Ellen,^ born at Manchester, Iowa, Sept. 

4, 1870. 

234. IV. Hubert William,^ born at Manchester, Iowa, Dec. 

30, 1872. 

235. V. Ealph Williston,^ born at Manchester, Iowa, June 

7, 1877; died May 15, 1878. 

236. VI. Frances Lee Williams,® born at Hancock, Mich., 

July 21, 1880. 

FAMILY 25.t 

237. Farrington' Stiles, [ 106], {Daniel Old8,^John,' Isaac,* 
laaac,^ Isaac,^ John,^) born 1788; married (1) Betsy Kelsey, of 
Newport, Herkimer Co., N. Y., who died at Evans Mills, N. Y., 
1832; married (2) Jemina Kelsey, at Evans Mills, N. Y., where 

■* Nor thw€s fern Mining Journal, published at Hancock, Mich, 
t Letters Geo. F. Deruer, 3 Union St., Wateriown, N. Y. 



436 THE STILES GEMEMLOGY. 

they resided. Farrington Stiles died at the house of his daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Lydia Spencer Dresser, of Watertown, N. Y., 1878, in 
his 91st year. 

Children : 

238. I. Alonzo Farrington,'' born at Watertown, N. T., Dec. 

15, 1811; married Lucinda Winslow. Family 46. 

239. II. Lydia Spencer,*' born at Watertown, N. ¥., June 10, 

1817; married at Watertown, N. T., Dec. 6, 1838, 
Chauncey Dresser, (born at Tunbridge, Vt., Nov. 
9, 1800, and died at Watertown, July 20, 1876; 
was a farmer). Mrs. Lydia S. (Stiles) Dresser 
resides (1887), at Watertown, N. Y. hsue: 

240. i. Alanson Lathbop,' born Jan. 11, 1840; served in the 

War of the Civil Rebellion, 7th Vermont Regiment 
Volanteers. Slightly wounded at Baton Rouge, La. ; 
married and has (1) Willie: (2) Nellie. Resides (1888), 
Watertown. N. Y. 

241. ii. Gboboe Fabbington,* born Aug. 11, 1841; enlisted in 

Co. A, 35th New York Volunteers, Sept 14, 1861; 
lost his left leg at the battle of Fredericksburg, Va., 
Dec. 13, 1862, being also severely wounded in the 
right foot; married; has (1) Walter William. Resides 
(1888), Watertown, N. Y. 

242. iii. Albebt Mabion,» bom March 19, 1843. Resides (1888) 

Kendall, Mich.; married; has (1) Matie L. 

243. iv. John Wbslbt,* born Jan. 31, 1845; died May 11, 1845. 

244. V. William Henry,* born Sept 12, 1847; married; has (1) 

Chauncey E.;(2) Nettie May; (3) Anna L. Resides 
(1888), at Hatboro, Pa. Dentist. 

245. vi. Caboline Elizabeth, » bom June 16, 1851; married M. 

Chapman. Resides (1888), at Pendleton, Ind. No issue. 

246. vii. Josephine Ella,* bora May 26, 1852; married I. L. 

Thomson; has (1) I. Ira; (2) F. Irene; \^) William. 
Resides (1888), at Canova, Miner Co., Dakota. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 437 

247. viii Ihoobns Emma,^ (twin to above); married D. M. 

Holbrook. Besides (1885), at 662 Jefferson Ayenne, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. Issue: (1) Fred M. ; (2) Arthur C. ; (3) 
Edwin A. 

248. ix. jBNNrrTB Eltiba,* bom Sept 11, 1860; married W. F. 

WoodwortK. Resides (1888), at Watertown. N. T. ; 
has (1) Henry C; (2) Clarence. 

I 

249. III. Daniel Pabrington,^ born at Leroy, N. Y., Nov. 23, 

1822; married Mary Gates. 

250. rV. Thirza Horton,^ born at Leroy, N. Y., Sept. 19, 

1826; married at Trenton Falls, N. Y., Feb., 
1850, James M. Henry, hme: 

261. i. Hblbn L.,» bom Sept. 19, 1851, at Ohio, Herkimer Co , 

N. Y. ; married at Leroy. N. Y., J. Nelson Webb, May 
30, 1876; died Jnly 30. 1879, at Evans Mills, N. Y. 

252. ii. Ebnest T.,» bom at Booneville, N. Y., Deo. 12, 1855; 

married at Otego, Mich., Jan., 1883, Florella Hilliard. 

253. ill Willie F.,* born at Leroy, N. Y., March 12, 1858; died 

Nov., 1860. 

254. iv. Bebtib E.,* born at Leroy, N. Y., March 1, 1860; died 

Aug., 1862, Watertown, N. Y. 

255. V. Abthub J.,» born April 26, 1862, at Leroy. N. Y.; mar- 

ried at Watertown, N. Y., Eva Howard, April 23, 1886. 

256. vi. Flobbncb E.,* bom at Watertown, N. Y., March 12, 

1864; died Nov.. 1877, at Evans Mills, N. Y. • 

257. vii. Minnie M.,* bom Aug. 12. 1865, at Wilna, N. Y.;died 

May 30, 1871, at Evans Mills, N. Y. 

258. viii. Cabbie E.,o bom April 27, 1868, at Evans Mills, N. Y. 

FAMILY 26. 

259. John' Stiles, [108], (Daniel Olds,^ John,^ Isaac,' Isaac,^ 
Isaac,^ Johrif^) born March 16, 1791; married Persis (or Perces), 



488 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

(daughter of Levi, Jr.) Cole, at Watertown, Jefferson Co., N. T., 
Feb. 6, 1814. He enlisted at Sacket's Harbor, N. Y., Jan., 1813, 
with Capt. Swizer, New York Militia; was engaged in the action 
at that place, and was discharged March, 1813, for which services 
his widow subsequently received a pension. 

John Stiles died at Sandwich, HI., June 2, 1868. Mrs. Perces 
(Cole) Stiles probably died in the winter of 1878-9. In her 
application for her husband's pension, April, 1871, she states 
that she was then 73 years of age, was then of De Kalb Co., 111. 
John Stiles and wife joined the Mormons; were at Nauvoo 
when that place was mobbed and burned, and afterwards resided 
many years at Utah. 

Children : 

260. I. George P.,'' born 1814, at Watertown, N. Y.; mar- 
ried J. K HoUister, of New York. Family 47. 

FAMILY 27. 

261. David B.' Stiles, [1101, (Daniel Olds; John,' Isaac,* 
Isaae,^ haac^^ John,^) was born in Newport, N. Y.; died 1876 
in Richville, N. Y., at the home of his son David L. Stiles, who 
lives on the homestead. He married Kebeckah Dewauro, (Dev- 
ereaux ?) who is living at (1887) the age of 87 with her youngest 
son, David L. 

Children: 

262. I. Daniel O.,** born Oct. 27, 1823; married Eusebia 
White, July 4, 1850. He is a farmer; his farm 
adjoins the homestead which formerly belonged 
to his father, and is now occupied by his brother, 
David L. He rents his own farm and resides 
in the village of Kichville. Has been Deacon 
of the First Congregational Church, of Richville, 
for 20 years. Child: George, born May 9, 1851; 
died Feb. 2, 1864. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 439 

263. 11. Sarah A.,^ born Aug. 24, 1824. Postoffice address 

unknown. 

264. m. Susan B.,«born Oct. 9, 1826; married Robert Maitland; 

Postoffice address, Sandy Creek, N. Y. 

265. IV. George K,« born May 15, 1830; died 1863 in U. S. 

Army. 

266. V. Earl,« born Feb. 4, 1833; Postoffice address un- 

known. 

267. VI. Lucy A.,« born Sept. 9, 1836; married Ed. Cobb; 

Postoffice, Bigelow, N. T. 

268. Vn. Merzia M.,« born Dec. 8, 1839; married Geo. Cobb; 

Postoffice address, Kussell, N. Y. 

269. VEIL Priscilla,^ born March 27, 1844; died 1851. 

270. IX. Da\id L.,« bom Dec. 27, 1848; is a farmer, and re- 

sides on the homestead. (His Postoffice ad- 
dress is given as Bigelow, N. Y., but his 
brother's farm joins his, and he appears to live 
in Eichville). David L. Stiles is a member of 
the First Congregational Church, of Kichville. 
The History of St Lawrence Co,, iV. F., con- 
tains an account of the family of David B. Stiles; 
also has in it a photograph of Daniel O. Stiles' 
family. 

FAMILY 28. 

271. Harvey Hawkins' Stiles, [lUK Daniel Olds,' John,' 

Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Isaac^ John,^) born May 30, 1801; married Boxana 
; died at Palmyra, N. T., Oct. 18, 1863. 



440 THE STILES GEMEALOOY, 

Children : 

272. I. Charles W.,'' resides (1887), 394 West Ferry Street, 

BuflFalo, N. Y. 

273. n. Jerome,'* resides (1887), Cook Co., 111. 

274. m. Mary;« married Pike; resides (1888) Whites- 

boro, N. T. 

275. IV. Martha^ married Albro; resides (1888), 

Whitesboro, N. T. 

276. V. Nancy Ann;** married Smith; resides (1888), 

New York Mills, N. Y. 

277. VI. Sarah G,f married Segar; resides (1888), 

New York Mills, N. Y. hme: 

278. i. Helen J. ;» married Fench; resides (1888)» at 

Palmyra, N. Y. 

279. ii. Chablbs O. ;» reside (1888), Dumbridge, Wood Co., Ohio. 

280. iii. William Henby;» resides (1888), Oregon. 

281. iv. Gborob K. ;» resides (1888), Bordean, Daws Co., Neb. 

282. V. Louisa M. ;» married Beard; resides (1885), Dun- 

bridge, Wood Co., Ohio. 

283. vi. Nettie A. ;» married Brown; resides (1888), Utica, 

N. Y. 

FAMILY 29. 

284 Gen. George Keith' Stiles, [115 1, (Daniel Olds; 
John; Isaac; Isaac; Isaac; John;) born in Newport, Herkimer 
Co., N. Y., July 8, 1805; married (1) Feb. 3, 1829, Elizabeth 
Perrin, of Rochester, N. Y., who died Sept. 25, 1831; married (2) 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 441 

Jan. 8, 1832, Harriet Byron (daughter of Hiram and Phebe 
Tliayer) Rose,* who was bom at Palmyra, N. Y., Sept. 11, 1811. 

In 1834, Mr. G. K. Stiles went to Cortland, N. Y.; he was 
elected one of the first Trustees of the Baptist Church there 
upon its organization, and held that office, as well as the Super - 
intendency of its Sabbath School, for a period of 26 years, and 
until his removal to Brooklyn, N. Y. During his residence in 
Cortland, he was prominent in military matters, organized 
the 58th Regiment of New York State Militia, which he com- 
manded, and held every office successively, from Colonel to 
Brigadier-General. During the eleven years of his residence in 
Brooklyn, N. Y., he was an invalid. His business was that of a 
jeweller, which he followed for 26 years in Cortland, and eight 
years in Brooklyn. While in the latter city, he and his wife 
were members of the Pierrepont Street Baptist Church. He 
died in Brooklyn, N. Y., Aug. 23, 1873, and in 1876 his family 
removed to Philadelphia, Pa., where they reside (1888), at No. 
2017 College Avenue. 

Mrs. Harriet Byron (Kose) Stiles resides (1888) with her 
son, and js still smart and active for her years, having con- 
tributed personally, by correspondence, to the history of her 
husband's family. 

Children (by first marriage): 

285. I. George,^ died July 27, 1831. 

286. II. Mary," died in infancy. 
(By second marriage): 

287. III. Helen Elizabeth,* born in Ithaca, N. Y., March 25^, 

1834; married EoUin C. Terry, in 1859; went to 
California 1863; returned 1876. (Divorced). 
Issue: 

288. i. Son, 9 died Jun., 1885, re. 6 years. 

* Hiram Rose, bom Lltcbfleld, Conn., son of Dr. Wm. Rose, a first settler ot BlnghaxntOD, 
N. T., where he praoiloed until over 70 years of age. 



442 THE STILES OENEMLOOY. 

289. IV. Harriet Jane,' born in Cortland, N. Y., Sept. 9, 
1837; married 1867, Alphonso Watson, who died 

1872. Issue: 

*2*Ji). ii Chaklfm* 

291. V. Charles Henry,'' born in Cortland, N. Y., July 15, 
1840; died Oct. 13, 1842. 



292. VI. Nancy Caroline,' born in Cortland, N. Y., July 25, 

1844; died Aug. 3, 1848. 

293. VII. Levi P. Kose,« born in Cortland, N. Y., July 28, 

1848; resides (1885), Philadelphia, Pa.; un- 
married. 

294. VIII. Anna Leonard,'^ born in Cortland, N. Y., Jan. 27, 

1853; married 1876, William Mack. Resides 
(1888), New York City, No. 4 West 14th Street. 



FAMILY 30. 

295. Daniel' Stiles, [116|, (Daniel Olds; John,'' Isaac,* 
Isaac, Jr.,^ Isaac,'^ John,^) was born in Cortland Co., N. Y., Dec. 
12, 1807; married Mary Welch in 1829 or 1830. About 1848 
(or 1851, both are given), he romgved to Milwaukee, Wis., where 
he resided until the spring of 1857 (or 1860), when he moved 
to Otisco, Waseca Co., Minn., whore, although a mechanic, he 
worked at farming until his death in 187G, Mrs. Mary TVelch 
Stiles died in 1883, (July 2), at Central City, Neb., to which 
place she had removed in Oct., 1882, with her daughter. She 
was buried by the side of her husband in Minnesota. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 443 

Children : 

296. I. Eluah H.,^ born Dec. 9, 1833; married Lucy A. 

Hancock. Family 49. 

297. 11. Mary J.,^ born 1837; married (1) Daniel Simpson; 

(2) Abner Warner, farmer at Otisco, Minn.; re- 
sides (1886), at Central City, Neb. Issue {by 
first marriage:) 

298. i Ada E.,* resides Central City, Neb 
(By second marriage): 

299. ii. Ellsworth L..» (Warner). 

300. III. Marquis D.,^ born in Milwaukee, Wis.; died in 

infancy. 

FAMILY 31. 

301. Hiram' Stiles, [126], (Asa,^ John,^ Isaac,^ Isaac,^ 
IsaaCy^ Johiy^) born Nov. 23, 1804; married March 23, 1831, in 
Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, Mandana Duty, born Dec. 12, 
1802. 

Mr. Hiram Stiles died in Rome, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, May 
29, 1865. 

Children; (all bom in Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio): 

302. L Amanda Malvina,' born Feb. 12, 1832; died Nov. 13,. 

1832. 

303. IL Asa D.,» born Sept. 8, 1833; married Elvina Heislar. 

Family 50. 

304. in. Martha Malvina,^ born July 25, 1835; died July 

16, 1855. 



444 THE ST/L£S OENEALOOY. 

305. IV. Persis Elvira,'* born June 23, 1838; married June 

20, 1860, Americus V. Bishop, a dealer in cheese, 
flour and grain, in Milwaukee, Wis., where 
they now reside; no issue. 

306. V. Albert Warren,** born Sept. 3, 1841; married Jane 

E. Crosby. Family 51. 

307. VI. Wiluam Collins,^ born Sept. 15, 1844; married 

Alice H. Miller. Family 52. 

308. VII. Chloe Duty,^ born July 31, 1849; died Aug. 15, 1852. 

309. VIII. Elton Hiram,' born Feb. 10, 1853; married Carrie 

J. . Family 53. 



FAMILY 32. 

310. Daniel' Stiles, [l^l], (Aaron, ^ John,^ Isaac,* Isaac,^ 
haac,^ John,^) born at Harpersfield, Delaware Co., N. T., Aug. 
14, 1799; married Nancy Washburne. 

Daniel Stiles died in Kansas.^ 

Children; (all bcnm at Harpersfield, Delaware Co., N, Y.): 

311. I. LUCINDA.« 

312. II. Andrew.'^ 

313. III. LUCRETIA.^ 

314. IV. Matilda." 

315. V. Melissa.^ 

* letter of LawsoD A. StIlOB, Cleveland, Ohio. 



THE COMMECTICUT FAMILY. 445 

FAMILY 33. 

316. Ira^ Stiles, [142], (Aaron,'' John,^ Isaac,' haac,^ 
Isaac^ Jolin^) born at Harpersfield, Delaware Co., N. Y., Jan. 12, 
1806; married Eoxy Case, Oct. 8, 1830, (Froh, Rec.) Eemoved 
to Wisconsin about 1850.* 

Children; (all horn at Harpersfield, Delaware Co,, K Y.): 

317. I. Lysander,^ married and had a family. 

318. II. Almira,® married and had a family. 

319. III. Alfred,^ married and had a family. 

320. IV. Amanda,^ married and had a family. 

321. V. Harriet,^ married and had a family. 

FAMILY 34. 

322. Ezra' Stiles, [159], (Aaron,^ John,^ Isojojc,^ Isaac,^ 
Isaac ^ John,^) born at Harpersfield, Delaware Co., N. Y., Oct. 
19, 1816; married Cynthea Kingsley, of Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 
Sept. 20, 1841. He resided on the old homestead farm, and 
died June 1, 1883. Mrs. Cynthea (Kingsley) Stiles died Oct. 2, 
1871. 

Children: 

323. L Lawson Aaron,® bom Sept. 18, 1843; married Leonora 

Bond. Family 54. 

324. n. Mary Louisa,® born Sept. 13, 1845; died March 30, 

1862. 



* Letter of Lawson A. Stilee, Oleveland, Ohio. 



44() THE STILES GENEALOGY 

325. III. LoTON MoNTGOMEKY/ born Nov. 19, 1848; married 
Ella Hammond. Family 55. 



FAMILY 35. 

326. Bennett' Stiles, [168], (Lyman,'' Nathan,'' Isaac; 
Isaac,* Isaac,^ Isaac,^ John,^) born at Southbury, Conn., March 3, 
1831; married at Naugatuck, Conn., July 25, 1851, Clarisa L. 

(daughter of Gibberd), born in Naugatuck, Conn., July 2, 

1830. Resides (1885), Waterbury, Conn. 

Children : 

327. I. Bennett M.,^ born at Naugatuck, Conn., June 2, 

1852; died at Waterbury, Conn., Aug. 2, 1888. 

328. II. Frederick B.,® born at Waterbury, Conn., Dec. 30, 

1856. 

329. III. Cora E.,» born at Waterbury, Conn., May 13, 1867. 

FAMILY 36. 

330. Lewis Wellington' Stiles, |171J, (Nathan Henry,' 
Nathan,^ Isaac,^ Isaac,* Isaac,^ Isanc^ John,^) born at Oxford, 
Conn., Sept., 1815; married July 9, 1842, Angeline Frances 
Ruggles, of Bridgeport, Conn. He was the first officer of the 
schooner Magnolia, of N. Y., and died aboard that vessel, in the 
harbor of San Juan de los Remedios, Cuba, June 21, 1853. 

Children : 

331. I. JusTiNA Frances.^ 

332. II. AuGUSTiNA Josephine,^ died ee. 4 years. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 447 

FAMILY 37. 

333. Henry Burdett' Stiles, [173], (Nathan Henry;' 
Nathan,^ Isaac/' Isaac^ Isaac,^ Isaac^^ John/) born at Southbury, 
Conn., Dec. 12, 1820; married (1) Maria Elizabeth McLean, of 
Geneva, N. ¥., Sept. 27, 1840; she died June 27, 1841; married 
(2) Diantha Frances Barber, of Hebron, Conn., June 9, 1844; she 
died July 27, 1846, both wives buried in North Graveyard, Hart- 
ford, Conn.; married (3) Helen Graves Freeman, of Glastonbury, 
Conn., July 3, 1848, who died Dec. 22, 1881, in Bridgeport, Conn. 

Mr. Henry B. Stiles was engineer and pressman in the 
Columbia Register Office, New Haven, Conn., from 1850 to 1858; 
member of the Common Council of that city in 1858-59; removed 
to Bridgeport, Conn., 1866, and became a member of the firm of 
Pomeroy, Gould & Co., (now Gould & Stiles) owners and pro- 
prietors of the Daily, and Republican Fannei\ He served one 
term in the Bridgeport Common Council, 1868-69; and, also, 
during the same year, as Judge of the Court of Records.* 

Children; (born at OUwtonbury, Conn,): 

334. L Mary Elizabeth,^ born Sept. 21, 1849; resides (1885) 

unmarried, at Bridgeport, Conn. 

335. XL Helen Frances,^ born Nov. 12, 1851; married Floyd 

Tucker, Jr., June 17, 1875. Mr. Tucker is the 
political editor of the Daily and Weekly Farmer, 
published at B., of which his father-in-law is 
a proprietor; no issue. 

FAMILY 38. 

336. George Washington^ Stiles, [114:], Nathan Henry; 
Nathan,^ Isaac,^ Isaac,^ Isaac, Isaae^ John,^) born at Oxford, 

♦ We are largely Indebted U> Mr. H. B. Stiles for his hearty Interest In. and oonttibutl«>n to 
the history of his branch of the family. 



448 TH£ STILES GENEALOGY, 

Conn., Feb. 15, 1823; married Ellen J. Scott, June 3, 1845. 
Went to Neversink, N. T., about 1843. 

Mr. Geo. W. StUes died Sept. 29, 1868. 

Mrs. Ellen J. (Scott) Stiles died Nov., 1869, ee. 40 years, 
8 months. 

Children : 

337. I. James A.,« born at Monaring, N. Y., May 25, 1846; 

married Nancy Kees. Family 56. 

338. II. Milton P.,* born at Mamacoting, N. Y., July 31, 

1850; died Sept. 23, 1851. 

339. III. Sarah Almida,* born at Monaring, N. Y., Oct. 3, 

1852; married Walter Warden, Sept. 5, and 
died Sept. 19, 1869. 

340. IV. Mary Frances,* born at Momacoting, N. Y., Feb. 27 

1855; married G. B. Boordman, of Pittston, Pa. 
died April 27, 1873; no issue. 

341. V. Ellen C.,' born at Scranton, Pa., Aug. 24, 1859 

died June 25, 1864. 

342. VI. Hattie Emma,» born at Blakely, Pa., Aug. 1, 1864 

married Monroe O. Cottenderv Aug. 1, 1882. 
Resides (1885), Green Grove, Pa. Isstie: 

343. i Tabitha Kllen. »o 

344. VII. Carrie Bell," born Sept. 7, 1866. 

FAMILY 39. 

345. Albert ErastUS' Stiles, [175], (Nathan Henry,'* 
Nathan,'' Isaac,* haac,^ Isaac,* Isaac,^ Isaac,^ John,^) born at Ox- 
ford, Conn., Feb. 9, 1828; married (1) July 4, 1848, Mary Ann Fox, 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 449 

of Woodbury, Conn., who died Aug. 14, 1855; married (2) Fan- 
nie M. Scovill, of Woodbury, Conn., who died at New Haven, 
Conn., Nov. 27, 1884. Mr. Albert E. Stiles resided in Nauga- 
tuck. Conn.; was a farmer; died in New HaveA, Conn., May 3, 
1886, ae. 60 years. 

Children; (all hy first tvife), bom at Naugatuck, Conn,: 

346. I. Henry Benjamin,^« born Feb. 10, 1850; resides (1885), 

in New Haven, Conn., unmarried. 

347. II. Emily Jane,^« born Nov. 14, 1851; married Albert F. 

Bradley, of Colebrook, Conn., Jan. 24, 1871, 
(since deceased). Issue: 

348. i. Hbnby Stebling.ii died in infancy. 

FAMILY 41. 

349. Charles Hoyt^ Stiles, [181], (Garwood;^ Nathan,' 
Isaac y^ Isaac* Isaac, ^ Isoojc^ John}) born at Oxford, Conn., Oct. 

31, 1821; married Ann A. Packer, of Hartford, Conn. Jan. 1, 

• 

1844. He was a coach. maker in Oxford, died in Ansonia, Conn., 
about 1867. 

Childrefn: 

360. I. Georgiana Frances,^ born in Hartford, Conn., Nov. 
6, 1844; married in Ansonia, Conn., April 14, 
1881, Louis Schlottman. Issiue: 

351. i. Louis, >o born in Ansonia, Conn., March 8, 1883. 

352. Henrietta Packer,* born at Ansonia, Conn., Aug. 21, 1847; 

married Aug. 5, 1874, George L. Church, of Ox- 
ford, Conn. Resides (1885), Ansonia, Conn.; no 
issue. 



450 ^^^ ST/LES GENEALOGY, 

FAMILY 42. 

353. David ^ Stiles, [183], Garwood;^ Nathan,^ Isaac,'' Isaac,' 
IsaaCy^ Isaac,^ John,^), bom at Oxford, Conn., Sept. 24, 1826; 
married Sarah E. Slye, of New Haven, Conn., where he was a 
carriage maker. He died at New Haven, about 1862. 

Children: 

354. I. William V.,* born Oct. 4, 1842. 

355. IL ,• daughter, died young. 

FAMILY 43. 

356. George E/ Stiles, [188], (Sherman;* Truman,^ 
Isaac,^ Isaac,* Isaac,^ Isaac,^ John,^) born February 1, 1819, at 
Newtown, Conn.; was a restaurant proprietor and hotel man; 
left Connecticut in 1844, went to BuflFalo, N. Y., from there to 
Dansville, N. Y.; thence to BuflFalo in 1853; and to Chicago, 111., 
in 1881, where he died May 15, 1882, se. 63 years. He married 
(1) Nov., 1838, lilarcia Emma (daughter, of Philo and Harriet) 
Peck, of Woodbury, Conn., "a lovely woman and a devoted 
Christian;" she died in Stepney, Conn., 1842; married (2) Lovina 
(daughter of Jacob and Catherine) Lewis, at Dansville, N. Y., 
1850, who survives him, residing at Chicago. 

Mr. Stiles was a good husband and father, generous and 
open hearted to a fault amdng his associates and friends, among 
whom was Grover Cleveland, afterwards President of the United 
States. 

Children {hy first marriage): 

357. I. Sherman P.,^ born in Stepney, Conn., 1843. 
Family 57. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 45I 

[By second marriage): 

358. IL Ellen Maud,* born in Dansville, N. Y., 1852; mar- 

ried Emmet McChesney, Feb., 1877. Children: 

359. i. FLORENcas,>o died in infancy. 

360. ii. Mabkl,>o bom March 23, 1880; lives in Cohocton, N. Y. 

FAMILY 44. 

361. Truman^ Stiles, L202], (Sherman,'^ Truman,^ Isaac,^ 
Isaac,* Isaac,^ Isaxic^ John^) born March 24, 1824. Is a joiner, 
builder and trader. He married (1) April 23, 1848, Eliza (daugh- 
ter of Calvin and Lucy) Wooding, who died May 9, 1849; mar- 
ried (2) April 6, 1851, Mary E. (daughter of Adonijah and Hannah 
P.) Crowell. Resides (1885), Meriden, Conn. 

Children (hy first' wife), born at Meriden, Conn: 

362. L Frank Wooding,* born April 28, 1849; married 

Elizabeth Aubrey. Family 58. 

[By second wife): 

363. n. William H.,* born April 29, 1852; married Grace 

L. Goddard. Family 59. 

364. III. George C," born Sept. 12, 1853; married Annie L. 

Wooding. Family 60. 

365. IV. Arthur M.,* born April 13, 1863; died Jan. 6, 1879. 

366. V. Alida,'* born Feb. 26, 1858; died Jan. 2, 1863. 

FAMILY 45. 

367. Henry Lane' Stiles, [221], [Henry,^ Timothy,' 
Samuel,^ Isaac,^ Isaxic,* Isaac^ Isaac,^ John,^) born Oct 1, 1821; 



452 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

married Oct. 13, 1842, Margaret A. Hay. Resides (1886), Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

Children : 

368. I. Harry P. ^« 

369. II. Mary S.»« 

370. III. Anne.*^ 

371. IV. Charles A.^^ 

FAMILY 46. 

372. William Reeves' Stiles, [223], {Hmry,'' Timothy;' 

Samuel,^ Isaac,^ IsaaCy* haac,^ haac,^ John^) born April 29, 1827; 
married June 15, 1853, Elizabeth Quinby. Resides (1886), 
Warren, Ohio. 

Children: 

373. I. Lucy Potter.^" 

374. II. William Reeves,^^ died July 8, 1865. 

375. IIL Henry Quinby. ^^ 

FAMILY 47. 

376. Alonzo Farrington' Stiles, [238], {FarringUm: 
Daniel Olds,^ Johiy^ Isaac^ Isaac; Isaac; John;) born at Water- 
town, N. T., Dec. 15, 1811; married Jan. 26, 1836, Lucinda 
Winslow, of Leroy, N. Y., where she was born Jan. 27, 1817. 
Removed to Bainbridge, Berrien Co., Mich., in spring of 1845. 
Resides (1888), Benton Harbor, Berrien Co., Mich. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 453 

Children : 

377. I. Elizabeth Lucinda,** born in Watertown, N. Y., 

May 27, 1839; (1) married May 10, 1858, G. A. 

Wells, miller, hsue: (1) Herbert A.; (2) 

died young; (3) died young. She married (2) 
8. P. Bryant miller, hmie: (4) Lloyd. Resides 
(1888), Greeley, Colorado. 

378. II. Ansel Alonzo,* born in Leroy, N. Y., July 16, 1841; 

enlisted in Beneges Western Sharpshooters, 
Company D, Fourteenth Missouri Regiment, 
in fall of 1861; was in several skirmishes in win- 
ter and spring; was in the whole of the Fort 
Donaldson battle; sickened on the march from 
the Cumberland, to the Tennesee River, and 
died at Pittsburg Landing, April 18, 1862; was 
Corporal of the Color Guard. 

379. III. Emily Antoinette,^ born in Leroy, N. Y., Jan. 26, 

1844; married Nov. 7, 1866, Henry A. Simons, 
of Benton, Berrein Co., Mich. Resides (1888), 
Osage, Iowa. Issue: (1) Arthur; (2) Eugene; (3) 
Wilbur; (4) Ernest. 

380. IV. Almerin H. F.,' born in Bainbridge, Mich., Oct. 5, 

1850; married March 12, 1878, Julia Grossman, 
of Benton, Mich.; removed to Diamondale, Mich., 
same spring; died Oct. 10, 1878. 

381. V. Ida Antoinette,^ born in Bainbridge, Mich., Jan. 22, 

1853; married Oct. 14, 1875, Freeman G. Bray, 
of Winsor, Eaton Co., Mich.; farmer. Ismie: (1) 
Araminta E.; (2) Lucian A. Resides (1888), 
Dimondale, Mich. 



454 THE STILES GEMEALCGY, 

382. VI. Ina Elora,* born in Bainbridge, Mich., March 30, 

1855; married Jan. 2, 1878, Arthur L. Pearl, of 

Benton, Mich, hsue: (1) Maurice A.; (2) Roland 

N.; (3) Nina. Removed (1885), to Ford Co., 
ELansas. 

383. Vn. LuciEN WiNSLOW,® bom in Bainbridge, Nov. 1, 1858; 

married Sept 10, 1886, Cora M. Crossman, of 
Bainbridge. 

FAMILY 48. 

384 George P.' Stiles, [260J, (Joku,^ Daniel 0.,« John,'' 
Isaac,* Isaac,^ Isaac,'- John,^) born 1814; married J. K. Hollister, 
of N. Y., who died March 9, 1884, age 56 j^ears. He was 
Supreme Court Judge and Chief Justice of Utah, for many years 
before the War of the Civil Rebellion, and afterwards held an 
office in one of the Governmental Departments, at Washington, 
D. C. He died Sept., 1885, at Belton, Texas. 

He was probably the Geo. P. Stiles who bore a good record 
as First Lieutenant of the Thirty-first Ohio Volunteer Regiment, 
from August, 1861, to Dec. 15, 1864. 

Children : 

385. I. John M.,* born about 1850; married; resides Chicago, 

111. 

386. II. Gertrude,* bom about 1852; married Scheble; 

resides at Belton, Texas; now declared. 

387. III. George P.,* born about 1855; lawyer; resides Card- 

ington, Ohio; unmarried. 

388. IV. A H ,' bom about 1865. 

FAMILY 49. 

389. Elijah H.' Stiles. [296], (Daniel 0.,« John,"^ Isaac,' 
Isaac,^ Isaac,^ John^) was born in Leroy, JeflFerson Co., N. Y., 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMfLT. 455 

Dec. 9, 1833; married Sept. 8, 1856, Lucy A. Hancock, (bom at 
Orange, Vt., March 16, 1834), at Machford, Wisconsin. They re- 
moved May, 1857, to Otisco, Minn., and there Mr. S. engaged in 
farming. In Feb., 1862, he enlisted in the Fifth Minnesota 
Volunteers; was in the battle of Shiloh; was taken sick in Alabama 
and sent North to St. Louis, where he died at JeflFerson Barracks, 
Feb. 6, 1863. 

Mrs. Lucy (Hancock) Stiles resides (1886), at Montpelier,Vt. 

Children; (bom at Otisco, Minn,): 

390. L Olive Isabel,^ born Oct. 14, 1857; married Oct. 14, 

1877, Jesse A. Willey, of Moretown, Vt, where 
they now reside (1886). Issue: 

391. i. Anoie Bellb," bom Aug. 4, 1878. 

392. ii. Alston J.,» bom May 12, 1880. 

393. IL Marquis D.,« born Feb. 14, 1860; is a portrait 

painter by profession; resides (1886), at Mount 
Vernon, Westchester Co., N. Y. Mr. S. received 
his art education at the National Academy of 
Design, and Art Student League, New York City. 
From the Academy he received honorable men- 
tion in the class of 1877-78. 



FAMILY 50. 



• 



394. Asa D.' Stiles, [303], (Eiram,' Asa,^ John,'' Isaac,' 
Isaac,^ Isaac,^ John,^) born in Warrensville, Cuyahaga Co., Ohio, 
Sept. 8, 1833; removed to Iowa in the autumn of 1856, being 
then twenty-three years old. Aug. 14, 1862, he enlisted in 
Company F, Twenty-second Iowa Volunteer Infantry, and was 
mustered out of service, at Savannah, Ga., July 26, 1865; re- 
turning to Iowa City. He served in the Department of the 



456 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 

West, of Virginia, of Western Virginia; was at Vicksburg, Miss., 
(luring the siege of 1863; was in no general engagements. Aug. 
6, 1865, removed to Decatur County, Kansas. In the spring of 
1879 returned to Afton, Union Co., Iowa, in the spring of 1882. 
His occupation is that of a carpenter, and, for five years past, a 
farmer. He married June 11, 1866, Elvina Heislar. 

Children: 

395. I. Mary M.,'» born June 2, 1867; died Sept. 3, 1868. 

396. II. Asa D.,* born Jan. 3, 1869; died May 2, 1870. 

397. III. Edd. H.,« born Feb. 4, 1871. 

398. IV. Alden V.,* born March 15, 1876; died April 6, 1884. 
399 V. Hugh J.,« bom April 18, 1878. 

400. VI. Persis R.,» born April 14, 1880. 

FAMILY 51. 
401. Albert Warren' Stiles. 1 306 1, (Hiram;^ Asa,' John,^ 

hojoCy Isaac^ Isaac^ John^) born in Warrensville, Cuyahaga Co., 
Ohio, Sept. 3, 1841; in March, 1858, removed with his father's 
family, to Borne, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Promptly upon the 
breaking out of the War of the Civil Rebellion, he enlisted, 
April 24, 1861, for three months, in Company D, (Captain 
Robert Craig), of the Nineteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry; 
served in Western Virginia under General McClelland, ana in 
Gen. Rosencran's Brigade; was in the battle of Rich Mountain, 
July 10, 1861, and was mustered out of service at Ashtabula, 
Ohio, Aug. 30, 1861. He enlisted again, Sept. 5, 1861, in Com- 
pany A, Sixth Ohio Volunteer Cavalry, (Captain Amander Bing- 
ham's), and received the following promotions, viz : to Fourth 
Duty Sergeant, Oct. 14, 1861; to Orderly Sergeant, Jan., 1863; 



THE CONNECTICUT FklHILY. 457 

Second Lieutenant, Company D, May 14, 1864; First Lieutenant, 
Company B, Nov., 1864; Captain, Company E, of the same regi- 
ment, March 17, 1865; resigned his commission June 29, 1865, 
having served under Generals Fremont, Pope, Burnside, 
McClelland, Hooker, Meade and Grant; and having participated 
in over thirty general engagements, and numerous skirmishes — 
all in Virginia. He was wounded and taken prisoner in a cavalry 
charge at Upperville, Va., June 21, 1863; was paroled at Libby 
Prison, Richmond, Va., July 2, 1863; was with General Stoneman 
on his raid on Richmond, Va., May, 1863; and was on Sherman's 
cavalry raids in May and June, 1*864. 

He was elected Sheriff of Ashtabula County, Ohio, Octo- 
ber, 1869, served for two years, and was re-elected October,. 
1871, for two years; left the oflSce in 1873, and was appointed 
Coroner of that County, to fill a vacancy, in December, 1876; 
and was elected to said office in October, 1877. He was again 
elected Sheriff of the County in October, 1878; re-elected Octo- 
ber, 1880; left the office January, 1883. Aug. 14, 1884, he was 
nominated by acclamation by the Republicans (in convention) 
of the 19th (Gen. Garfield's old District) Congressional District 
of Ohio, as a Presidential Elector; was elected and served upon 
the Electoral College of the State of Ohio, Dec. 3, 1884, casting 
the vote of that State for Blaine and Logan. 

Mr. Albert W. Stiles married Sept. 24, 1866, Jane E. Cros- 
by, of Rome, Ashtabula County, Ohio. Residence (1885) Rock 
Creek, Ohio. 

Children: 

402. L Jay,* bom March 6, 1869; died May 6, 1871. 

403. n. Maud,* bom Dec. 3, 1876. 
404 IIL Charlotte,* born Nov. 1, 1878. 



458 f»^ STILES 0£M£AL00r. 

FAMILY 52. 

405. William Collins' Stiles. 1307], (Hiram,' Asa,' John, 
Isaac* Isaax),^ Isaxxc,^ John,^) born at Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., 
Ohio, Sept. 15, 1844; enlisted in Company A, Sixth Ohio Cavalry, 
Aug. 15, 1862, as a private; was made Corporal 1864, and Ser- 
geant, for bravery and soldierly conduct, upon recommendation of 
Major Harper, Provost Marshal, Second Division Cavalry Corps; 
was discharged May 25, 1865, his discharge showing that he 
had been in thirty-one general engagements, aqd numerous 
skirmishes in Virginia and Maryland. He was taken prisoner 
while on a scouting party Jan. 16, 1863, and was paroled on the 
field. He married Nov. 29, 1866, Alice H. Miller. He is a ship 
carpenter by trade; worked on Government contracts from 1868 
until 1877, at harbor work along Lake Erie. Since then he 
has been engaged in manufacturing ship-timber. 

Child: 
406. L [ Carl,'* an adopted son; now (1884), eight years old. | 

FAMILY 53. 

407. Elton Hiram' Stiles. [309], (Hiram,' Asa,' John,^ 
Isaxxc,^ Isaxic,^ Isaac,^ John,^) born at WarreAsville, Cuyahoga Co., 
Ohio, Feb. 10, 1853; was appointed June 23, 1880, Enumerator 
for the Township of Rome, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, for the United 
State Census of 1880; was elected June 8, 1879, a member of 
the Republican County Central Committee, serving the township 
in that capacity for five years. April 12, 1884, he was elected 
Clerk of Rome Township, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. He married 
Dec. 25, 1877, Carrie J. Crosby, (born Nov. 8, 1856). Residence 
(1885) Rome, Ashtabula Co., Ohio. 

Children: 

408. L Lee Crosby,^ born Nov. 29, 1879. 

409. n. Emir Lewis,* born Sept. 25, 1882. 

410. III. Elliot Meigs,* born Aug. 27, 1884. 



THE COMHECTICUT FAMILY. 459 

FAMILY 54. 
411. Lawson Aaron^ Stiles, [323], (^i7zra,'^aroVe/oAn,* 

Isaac, ^ haxiCy^ Isaac, ^ John^) born Sept. 18, 1843. He married 
Sept. 20, 1870, Leonora Bond, of Ashtabula Co., Ohio. He has 
been in the employ of the Lake Shore and Michigan South- 
em Bailway, Eastern Division, for twenty-one years, eighteen of 
which he served as conductor. 

Children (horn at Cleveland, Ohio): 

412. I Alfred Ensign,* born July 8, 1874. 

413. XL Eugenia Euza,* born Sept. 12, 1877; died April 13, 

1878. 

414. ni Edna,* born July 17, 1879; died Oct. 22, 1879. 

FAMILY 65. 

415. Loton Montgomery® Stiles, [325], (Ezra; Aaron,^ 
John^ Isaac,* Isaac,^ Isaac,^ John,^) born Nov. 19, 1848; married 
March 19, 1873, Ella Hammond, of Kingsville, Ashtabula Co., 
Ohio. He has been in the employ of Ihe Lake Shore and 
Michigan Southern Railway for fifteen years, as conductor. 

Children: 

416. I. Lawson Albeet,» born Feb. 3, 1875. 

417. 11. Ruth Ethlyn,* born June 8, 1877. 

FAMILY 56. 

418. James A.'" Stiles. [337], (Oecrrge Jr.,» Nathan,^ 
Henry ^ Nathan,^ Isaac,^ Isaac,* Isaac,^ Isaac,^ John,^) bom May 
25, 1846, at Monasing, N. T.; married (1) July 3, 1866, Nancy 
Rees, who died Aug. 20, 1879; married (2) Emma . 



460 THE STILES OEMEALOBY. 

Mr. James A. Stiles died Dec. 23, 1883. 
Children (hy first wife): 

419. L George," bom in Olyphant, Pa., March 6, 1868. 

420. n. Adelbert," born in Dunnings, Pa., Dec. 24, 1870. 
By second wife: 

421. IIL A Daughter." 

FAMILY 57. 

422. Sherman P.* Stiles, [357], (Ge(yrge jE'.,« Sherman,^ 
Truman,^ Iscuac^ Isaac,^ Isaac^^ Isaac;^ John^^) bom at Stepney, 
Conn., 1843; went to Buffalo, N. Y., in 1855, enlisted in Thirty- 
third New York Battery (Volunteers), and served through the 
War of the Civil Bebellion until its close; went to Chicago, 111., 
August, 1865; has been for past eight years engaged in the United 
State Post Office in that city, where he resides at 275 Thirty- 
first street. He married (1) Sept. 8, 1867, Elizabeth Keefe, 

who died ; married (2) Ella M. (daughter Moses D. 

and Henrietta) Brown,* Aug. 9, 1881, at Palatine, HI. 

Children (hy first marriage): 

423. I. Ida Lilue,^^ born Oct. 13, 1868. 

424. n. George Edward,^^ bom May 23, 1872; died in infancy. 

425. ni. George Sherman,^® born Oct. 2, 1877; died in infancy. 

By second marriage: 

426. rV. David Trusdell,^^ born May 1, 1882; died in infancy. 

* Mr. Brown Is a prominent attorney ot 31 years' practice In Chicago. 



THE COKHECTItUT FAM/LT. 461' 

FAMILY 58. 

427. Frank Wooding* Stiles. [362], (Truman; Sker^ 
man^ Truman^ hodc^ haac^^ Isaac; Isaac; John,;) born April 28, 
1849; is a builder and contractor. He married Oct. 13, 1875, 
Elizabeth (daughter of John and Mary) Aubrey, (born June 5, 
1862), of English birth. 

Children (bam at Meriden, Conn.): 

428. L Harriet M.,^« born Nov. 4, 1876. 

429. II. John P.,*« born Feb. 6, 1879. 

430. IIL Bertha E.,^« born Jan. 26, 1881. 

In Springfield, Vt., Oct. 16, 1885, a daughter born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Frank W. Stiles. 

FAMILY 59. 

431. William H.* Stiles, [363], (Tmman; Sherman; 
Truman.; Isaxjbc; Isojojc; Isa^xc; Isaac; John;) born April 29, 1852, 
is an expressman and merchant at Meriden, Conn. He married 
Feb. 6, 1883, Grace L. (daughter of Gilbert W. and Mary Halli- 
day) Goddard (bom Feb. 26, 1857), of Hartford, Conn. 

Child (bom at Meriden, Conn,): 

432. I. Ada May,^^ born AprU 28, 1884 

FAMILY 60. 

433. George O.' Stiles, [364], (Tmman; Sherman; 
Truman; Isaac; Isoolc; Isaac; Isaac; John;) born at Meriden, 
Conn., Sept. 12, 1853; is a machinist, at Meriden, Conn. He 
married Jan. 3, 1882, Annie L. (daughter of Henry and Ellen) 
Wooding, of Wallingford, Conn., (bom Oct. 3, 1861). 

Child (bom in Meriden, Conn.): 

434. L Clayton,*^ born Oct. 16, 1884. 



'462 THE STUBS G£flf£ALOGr. 



Mr FRANCIS STILES. 



1. ** Mr." Francis' Stiles, the third son of the Milbroke 
Family, was baptized in St. Michael's Church, Milbroke, Bed- 
fordshire, England, August 1, 1602, (see page 17), and for some 
time previous to his coming to America, had been a master 
carpenter and citizen of London. Though the third, in order of 
birth, of the four emigrant Stiles brothers, he was by far the 
most enterprising and energetic in character, and it was through 
his influence and means, undoubtedly, (as more fully related in 
pages 23 to 28 of this volume), that the family removed hither. 

After the abandonment of the Saltonstall enterprise, Mr. 
Stiles appears to have purchased from his patron some 1,000 
acres of his lands at Windsor; which, together with between 400 
and 500 acres which he had already received by allotment from 
the Town, was, for that day, an unusually large amount of real 
estate for one man to hold; and it is probable that Stiles was 
obliged to borrow money, or make some sacrifices, in order to 
pay for it. At all events his debt to Saltonstall ultimately 
forced him to sell his estate. He resold it, or a portion thereof, 
to Saltonstall, or his son Robert, and in his deed, dated Sept. 
12, 1647, is named as "Francis Stiles, late of Windsor, but now 
of Saybrook." Saltonstall was to pay him in installments, and 
a part of it in "a butt of sack at the [Connecticut! River's 
mouth," This transfer left iStiles not poor, but reduced in 
circumstances. 

He was the only one of the four Stiles brothers to whom the 
title of " Mr." — which was in those days no unmeaning phrase, 
but a veritable index of social position — was ever given; and he 
was, undoubtedly, as Gov. Wolcott informed President Stiles, 



THE CONN EC TICU T FAHIL Y, 463 

"A man of great business." Such items as have come down to 
us in court records, etc., would seem to indicate this, as well as 
the fact that he was a man of quick, passionate nature, (known 
to be somewhat of a family trait); stout in asserting his rights 
and consequently frequently figuring in law-suits, etc.* 

He was admitted a Freeman at Windsor, Sept. 10, 1640, 
and was on the Jury of the Particular Court of Oct. 14, 1642; 
(Conn, Col. Bee, 76;) and at the Court held at Hartford, March 
28, 1637, it was "ordered yt Mr. Francis Stiles shall teach Geo. 
Chappie, Thomas Cooper and Thomas Barber, his servaunts, 
[all of whom were of the Saltonstall party, and apprenticed to 
him in England, and all of whom came over in the same vessel 
with him — page 26] in the trade of a carpenter, according to 
his promise, for there s'rvice of their terme behinde 4 days 
in a weeke onelie to sawe and slitte their owne worke; that thev 



* In the Particular Court, Deo. 9, 1641 Francis Rtylee, pit. agt. Robert Salilngtitou, 
gent, deft.. In an action of the case to the damage of £7U, Jury nud for pit., damages £51 ; costs vlli . 

Bobert Saltlngston, gent. pit. agt. Francis Styles, dft. In an action of the cnse, to the dam- 
age of £800, Jury find for dft., costs xs. 

Frauds Styles, pit. agt Bobert Saltlngston, gent, dft.. In an action of debt to the damage of 
£100, Jury find for pit. £81, 12«. damage according to thf« award, and the double costs of the 
court. 

Robert Saltlngston, gent. pit. agt. Francis Stiles, dft. In second action of the case to dam- 
age of £600. 

Robert Saltlngston, gent. pit. agt. Francis Styles, In a third action of the case to the dam- 
age of £50. 

The Jury Is to be named for Thursday, come fortnight.— Omni. CoU Rtc.. 1.. 70. 

March 27, 1643. It Is ordered that Francis Styles, fur his forceable resistance of the Officer 
of the Court upon the execution of his office. Is fined to pay the county fifty powud.— Cbnn. Col. 
Rec„ 1., 83. 

Oour^of Election, held the 13th of April, 1648, *«the Govemor, [John Haynes, Esq.,] the 
Deputy, [Ed. Hopkins, Esq.,] Mr. Willis, Mr. Ludlow, Captain Mason. Mr. Webster, Mr. Whiting 
and Mr. Rocester, are desired to debate with Mr. [Rev.] Hult, consemlngMr. Styles, his petition 
and other offensive carrladges, and If they receive not satisfaction to return their report to the 
next General Court. They may also take such other help as they shall see cause"— Ckmn. CoU. 
Rec., I., 86. 

.July the 6th, 1643, It Is ordered that Mr. Hult and Mr. Styles shall be raued to the next 
General Court, to answer for their miscarriage In their petition formerly given Into Court — Hid 
I., p., 91. 

May 24th, 1647. In the action of Mr's. Willis, pit. agt. Francis Styles. dft.« (Mr. Roceter ap- 
l>eared for Mr. Styles), the Jury find for the pit. £340 damages, and costs of Court.— Ibid, 1. 149. 

We also find In the New Haven Ool. Bee,, (1., 124), the following: " A Court, held the 7th of 
March, 1643. Mr. Styles of Connecticut desired Justice of the Court against Geo. Larrymor 
[Larrlmore] concerning a debt of 101., the remainder of a debt of 261. wch the said George 
was to pay his servant (by name Geo. Chappie , wch he bought of the said Mr Styles. 



464 Tli£ STiLES e£M£ML00r 

are to frame themselves with their owne hands togeather w^ 
himselfe or some other M""* [Master] Workmen, the tyme to 
begin for the p^'formance of this order 14 dayes hence w^'^out 
faile."— (7o/i>i. Col Rec,, i., 8. 

In 1639, according to a note received from Mr. 8. D. Smith, 
of Guilford, Conn., Francis Stiles seems to have "had a job" at 
house building in that town. Guilford was settled in the autumn 
of 1639 by Kev. Henry Whitfield and a "goodly company; and, 
in the hurry of preparing houses for the winter:, they called on 
the carpenters of other towns to assist them. Among those 
carpenters thus pressed into the service, was Francis Stiles, 
of Windsor; and a house which is called " Stiles' House " was a 
matter of contention in the Town Court, in 1645, as appears 
from the Kecords. 

The autumn of the year 1639 was also a busy season for 
Mr. Stiles in other ways. From Barnabas Davis' " Accounting *' 
with the heirs of William Woodcocke in England,* we learn 
more about Mr. Francis Stiles' business aflFairs. After having 
builded himself " a sufficient house at Connecticut," he returned 
to England (probably in the winter of 1636-7); and as he had 
neither built the house nor enclosed the 400 acres of land which 
he had engaged to do for Mr. Woodcocke, (one of Saltonstalls 
co-partners), he sold to Mr. W. the house he had builded for 
himself, and promised "that the towne would accommodate Mr. 
Woodcocke with 400 acres thereunto." Stiles returned from 
England (probably in spring of 1637, and Davis followed him 
to look after Woodcocke's interests; and, while here, the Pequot 
War broke out (May, 1637), and Davis was impressed as a soldier 
(probably the " Sergeant Davis " referred to in Capt. Mason's 
account of the Pequot fight). Davis seems to have had the 
assistance of Rev. Messrs. Hooker of Hartford, Warham of 
Windsor, and others, in "treating the cause [with Stiles], and 
they determined that Stiles had dealt ill with Mr. Woodcocke in 

* See Letchford^B Notes. Trcau. Am. Antiq. Soc., ▼!! , 865. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 4«5 

not procuring 400 acres of land to he laid oni to the said house, 
and impaling it as he undertook." It is pretty certain that 
Stiles had the 400 acres ready for Woodcocke in 1637, but it was 
located " over the Great Biver," considerable distance away from 
"the said house;*' and this "breach of contract" was what led 
the court to find a verdict in favor of Woodcocke. Again, Davis 
returned to England to report to Lord Say and Mr. Woodcocke, 
the latter of whom died soon after; and his brother John, hav- 
ing charge of the estate, sent Davis over the third time, June, 
1639. In the September following, Mr. Edward Hopkins of 
Hartford, attorney for Woodcocke, sues Stiles in the sum of £500 
for breach of contract, and gets a verdict for £300 " for not tak- 
ing up 400 acres of ground according to bargain that Mr. Stiles 
should take the house [which he sold Woodcocke while in Eng- 
land] back again, and repay back the £230 and £70 for arrear- 
ages." Davis says the £300 "lies in the hands of Mr. Hopkins 
in Connecticut." Then, 1641, Mr. Saltonstall brings an action 
against " Edward Hopkins as an assignee to Woodcocke " for 
£200,* and hath an attachment granted against Mr. Hopkins. 
Whether this suit grew out of their mutual relations with Stiles, 
or some other unrecorded transaction in Connecticut, is uncer- 
tain. What pecuniary interest Lord Saye had in this business 
which brought Davis over is unknown; but, both times, when the 
latter returned to England to report, he goes by the advice of 
Rev. Mr. Hooker and takes letters from him both to Lord Saye 
and Mr. Woodcocke; apparently about the same business. 

Much additional matter about Mr. Francis Stiles will be 
found in the History of Ancient Windsor , Conn. (Revised Edition) 
by the author of this Genealogy. 

From the researches of our valued friend, Jabez H. 
Hayden, of Windsor Locks, Conn., (letter dated Aug. 30, 1884),. 

* Sept. 5, 1739, ** Edward Hopkins, compH in behalfe of Mr. Jna. Woodcocke against Fr. 
SUIee, for breach of OoTenants, in 500f. Mr. Stiles desires respite till the next Court in regard 
or witnee in the Bay. Granted."— Otma. Col. Sec, \., 66. 

'* Francis Stiles contra Jno Woodcocke in an action of debt for 2 hhds. malt and a hh<1. of 
meale."— /6uf, i., 67. 



466 TH£ ST/L£S GENEALOGY. 

we learn that "Francis Stiles' home-loty (.thirteen acres), extended 
from about the north elm of the present Judge Ellsworth Place, 
eighteen rods south, nearly to the north line of the CoL Ells- 
worth Place. ^ The lot bounded west by Rocky Hill, probably 
near the present railroad; east by the meadow. There is an 
old well near the middle of the lot south of the Ellsworth door- 
yard, back near the brow of the hill. I fancy that Francis 
Stiles' house was near that welL He had nine acres in meadow 
against or abutting on the home-lots * of his brother Henry 
Stiles, William Gaylord, Jr., and his own; also *for meadow 
and some additions in upland,' thirty-two acres, sixty-five rods, 
the breadth by the river; seventy-seven rods north side; seventy 
rods south side.* He sold from the south side of this lot, five 
acres, 11 J rods in breadth, to Thomas Gilberd (Gilbert) north by 
William Hayden, Jan. 24, 1644: Wm. Hayden one of the wit- 
nesses. Under the same date he gave a deed to William Hay- 
den for 25 acres south by Thos. Gilberd's. The whole lot extended 
from the north side of the present Hayden lot (six rods north 
of the Hayden Boulder at the fork of the roads) along the 
highway, 65 rods, and from the highway to the river." 

Mr. Hayden further says, in the letter from which we have 
already quoted: "I have no date for the removal of Francis 
Stiles to Saybrodk, nearer than that furnished by his deed of 
the homestead to Robert Saltonstall, Sepi 12, 1647, (above re- 
ferred to). He was then * lately of Windsor.' The place was 

* The meadow opposite FranoU SUIes house-lot did not oontaln as many acres as he was 
entitled to In the distribution, and the balance of his quota* 92 acres, was set to him In Sequester 
Meadow. This lot was nearly half a mile north from his house. He sold It In 1644-6 to Wm. 
Hayden and Thomas Gilbert. 

Francis Stiles, home-lot Is bounded ** north by Wm. Gaylord the younger," proving that 
Stiles' lot was not recorded until as late as 1646; for Gaylord's lot was a part of Stiles' house-lot 
until Jan. 24, 1644-6, (the same date as the deeds to Hayden and Gilbert). The original home- 
lot of Francis Stiles was 13x18—31 rods wide on the street. Hie brother John had a lot 13 rods 
wide, adjoining hie on the south. His brother Henry adjoining on the north 42 rods, (Henry*s 
upland extends nearly to the river ]jing between the Great Meadow and Sequester Meadow), 
and adjoining Henry on the north was a lot 10 rods wide, set to Jos. Eggleston, then 10 rods 
which " was the home-lot that was Thomas Stiles' '* This was sold by John Studder, of Hart- 
ford, to John Bissell, and I have little doubt the Eggleston lot was orglnally Thos. Stllee\ 
though no deed appears on record. So the four Stiles brothers' home-lou lay together, extend- 
ing along the street 106 rods, and from the street to the river. J. H. H. 1891. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAKHILY. 467 

then in the occupation and tenure of Thomas Gilbert and John 
Bancroft. Only two years and eight months before (Jan. 24, 
1644-5), Gilbert had bought of Stiles a lot, (see above), which 
lot was sold (without date) to John and Jacob Drake, with a 
house, cellar, etc., of the land that was Francis Stiles" — a not 
uncommon practice of substituting the name of the first owner 
for tliat of the grantor. It seems probable that Gilbert built 
that cellar and house which the Drakes' bought, before he be- 
came an occupant of Stiles' house. Possibly, he never lived on 
the place which the Drakes' bought, but built it to sell. That 
house is a myth to me anyhow. When Jacob Drake married 
(1649), his father gave him the new part of his own house to 
live in; and in 1656, he bought a house south of the present 
Bissell's Ferry Boad, and I never find any mention after of this 
Gilbert House. Gilbert afterwards bought of Josiah Hull, his 
home-lot (which was at first a part of Thomas Gunn's home-lot), 
lying on the west side of the highway, about where the present 
Welch house stands. He built on it, and sold it to Thomas 
Bissell, all without dates — ^but probably the last sale was when 
Bissell married in 1655. Gilbert continued to live on the 
Francis Stiles' place, apparently, until after the death of Henry 
Stiles — with which event Gilbert's family seems to have had a 
tragic connection, as related on page 29." 

" Francis Stiles also had, over the Great Biver, 1,500 acres, 
400 by allotment of the town, 1,100 by purchase, 60 rods breadth 
by the river, length 3 miles; *and there is in breadth 444 rods.' 
The affidavit of Stiles and Hayden given in History of Windsor, 
(Bevised edition), proves, I think, that this lot, though some- 
what changed in form, was included in the " Saltonstall Park." 

In a letter dated Jan. 2, 1885, Mr. Hayden says: "In 
my former letter I jumped at a conclusion before I had all 
the facts. I have now the best of reasons for believing that 
Francis built and lived on the lot where the Chief Justice 
Ellsworth place now stands; but, perhaps, at the southeast comer 



468 THE STUBS 6£it£AL0Gr. 

of the upland, where a covered well still exists. The lot was 18 
rods on the highway, the northwest corner near the north elm. 
Most of the first settlers through the main street had their 
'meadow lots' in the rear of their home-lots; but some had 
very meagre lots in the meadow, while others had additional 
meadows, as did Francis Stiles. You perhaps remember there 
is but a narrow strip of meadow between Henry Stiles' lot and 
the river; further north there is barely room for the houses 
between the road and meadow hill; here the meadow broadens 
to seventy or eighty rods. From Henry Stiles to *New 
Brook, the north side of William Hayden's meadow;' this was at 
first called * Sequestered Meadow.' Francis Stiles had about 
twenty-five acres of the north-middle of this meadow, 
Ijdng next north of John Si Nicholas. A deed given to 
John and Jacob Drake (without date) of land formerly 
belonging to Mr. Stiles, specifies a house, cellar, fences, etc., 
so I jumped at the conclusion that this was Francis' house 
and place of residence. But the lot in question was sold by 
Stiles to Thos. Gilbert in 1644-5, without buildings mentioned, 
and the deed above referred to was a description of the lot after 
Gilbert had built on it, and it had become the property of the 
Drakes. They doubtless furnished the description and took 
the name of the original owner instead of Gilbert's. Hayden 
and Gilbert bought in 1644-5, the latter had eleven and a half 
rods in width. Hayden had fifty-six rods. So much for Francis 
Stiles' lot in Sequestered Meadow. 

" The eighteen rods from the north elm, the width of Francis' 
lot, includes nearly all the lot lying between the present Judge 
Ellsworth place and the ruins of the Col. Ellsworth place. 
John Stiles' twelve rods covered the balance of that lot and the 
aforesaid ruin. 

"Possibly Bissau, Drake and St. Nicholas (who were not 
from Dorchester), bought their lots of Stiles, though their deeds 
are not recorded, except as they * brought them in to the Recor- 
der ' — perhaps years later." 



THi C0I9M£CTICUT FAMILY. 469 

Though we find him, in 1647, spoken of as "of Say- 
brook;" and "of Stratford," apparently in March, 1654, when he 
was complained of to the Court for peppering Naanepaquoiowe, 
an Indian of that place, " in his body, with swann shott, uppon a 
Sabbath day,"* yet we cannot fix the exact date of his first re- 
moval from Windsor. Cothren thinks that, as "he is not 
named in any Stratford record, there seems to be no reason for 
thinking he ever came to that town;" and, again that he may 
"very likely have been an original patentee," though "like 
others, he came not himself to dwell there." But Matthew 
Grant's Old Church Record gives, under date of Aug. 17, 1677, 
" what children have been born in Windsor from our beginning 
hitherto, so far as I am able to find out;" then " being gone, yet 
had children born here." Among these latter he names " Francis 
Stills, 4 [children]." The probable birth-date of his fourth child, 
Benjamin, 1651, would show that he still resided in Windsor at 
that date. And Savage (K E, Gen. Diet.) thinks that Francis 
Stiles died at Windsor, not later than 1653. In the seating of 
the meeting-house at Windsor, (as given in Stiles' HiM. and 
General of Ancient Windsor, pp. 149, 150), in January, 1659-60, 
among those " that have paid, and were placed in the long seats 
when they paid" — (these were two rows of long seats, accom- 
modating five persons to a seat, at 3s. apiece, or 6s. for a man 
and his wife), we find the name of " Mr. Stiles, 3«.," and his brother 
John Stiles. As Francis was the only one of the Stileses to 
whom the title of "Mr." was accorded, this record identifies him as 
then living in Windsor; or, at least, as still having a right to a 
seat in the meeting house there. But it is not conclusive evi- 
dence as to his being then resident in Windsor; for this record 
was of ^^what dwelling houses are in the town, that the owners of 
them have paid for seats in the Meeting House;'* and, on that very 

♦ At a Particular Court, at Hartford, Maroh 2, 1653-4 " A oomplalnt being made to lli« Court 
by Naanepaquowwe, an Indyan of Stratford, that Mr. [Francis] Styls hath shott In his body with 
swan shott upon a Sabbath day: Mr. Ludlow Is desired by this Courte that he should blnde 
over the said Mr. Styls to appear at, and give an account to the Particular Courte in Hartforl, 
in May next to answer ye fact. If he gives not satisfaction to ye Indyan in the meantime." Mr. 
8. probably improved the hint of the Court, aji we hear nothing further concerning the matter. 



470 THe STILES 6£M£ML0er 

list appears the name of Dr. Bray Rossi ter, who had been several 
years gone from Windsor, and of Henry Stiles, deceased in 1661, 
Thomas Davey, died 1648, etc. So that it only means in this 
case, that it was the seat formerly occupied by Mr. Francia 
Stiles, as an appurtenance to the house which he sold in ^647. 

Mr. Orcutt suggests, that he removed to Stratford about 
1660, in corroboration of which he cites the following from the 
Stratford Records: " Caleb Nichols purchased of Mr. Stills [Stiles, 
evidently, since there were none of the name of Still in town] 
one house lot, one acre and a quarter, bounded with Mr. Fayre- 
child on the south, Isaac Nichols on the west, my own lot that 
was Francis Nichols*, on the north, and the street on the East."* 
No date is given to this record of purchase; but, being in the 
handwriting of Joseph Hawley, it must have been before 1666; 
and, from its relation to other records, was probably made about 
1660. Mr. Stiles* purchase of this property is not recorded, as 
far as can be ascertained. Besides this, we have the fact that 
Bobert Clark, who married Francis Stiles' widow, gave to her three 
sons by Stiles, about 50 acres of land, which there is no record of 
his having purchased. This when he had several children of his 
own, indicates that he had received it from his wife (Stiles* 
widow); and that Stiles had resided in Stratford for several 
years and was the owner of considerable property at Oronoke, 
and a home lot. 

In regard to the maiden name of Mr. Francis Stiles' wife, 
I am somewhat in doubt, but I take it to have been Joan — 
probably the "Joan Stiles, [aged] 35 years," who appears in the 
passenger list of the vessel which conveyed the Saltonstall 
party to America — see page 26. This Joan* could not have 
been the Joan, sister of the four Stiles brothers, since, as will be 
seen by reference to page 21, she was married just previous to 
their embarkation and remained in England. Orcutt, in Hist 
of Stratford, Conn,, calls her Sarah, and says that she afterwards 

* The east end of Lot 32. HUt, Stratford, p. 105. 



THE C019I9£CT/CUT FAM/LY, 471 

married ** some years before 1665," one Robert Clark from New 
HaTen — and thinks the marriage was probably after Clark's 
<}oming to Stratford. Clark was a successful farmer, an influen- 
tial citizen and a man of probity. She petitioned the General 
Court in 1665, concerning the estate of her first husband, 
Francis Stiles; she made her will June 5, 1677, and died in 1682, 
leaving her property to her children by Stiles. 

Children (tht first four hem in Windsor ^ Conn.): 

2. L Maby,' bom not later than 1640; married about 1660, 

Hope (son of William) Washburne, of Stratford, 
Conn., but then of Hempstead, L. L; removed 
to Derby, Conn, on the settlement of that town, 
but was for some years concerned in business 
with his father, at Oyster Bay, L. L Issue 
{record at Stratford, Conn.): 

3. i. Sabah,s bom Deo., 1661. 

4. ii. JoHK,3 bom ^Cay, 1666. 

5. iii. William,* bom March, 1669. 

6. iv. SAinncL,) bom March, 1671. 

7. V. Ephbaim,^ bom Aug., 1673. 
(And Savage adds): 

8. vL Mabt.3 

9. vii Janb,»* 

10. n. Ephraim,^ born Aug. 3, 1645; married (1) Ruth (widow 

Obadiah) Wheeler; married (2) Bathsheba 
Tomlinson. Family 2. 

• Ootkrm'i Ancient Woodbury, Conn., Vol. II. 



472 TH£ STILES QENEALOGT, 

11. III. Samuel^'* (Lieut.) born ; married Elizabeth 

(daughter of Thomas) Sherwood, Dec. 31, ("ye 
last of Dec.,"} 1664; resided for many years and 
probably died at Stratford, Conn. Savage says: 
(iV. Eng. Gen. Diet) before 1682; which is dis- 
puted by Cothren {Hid, Aiwient Woodbury^ 
Comi,), who says he is " named Samuel, of Wood- 
bury, 1699-1708, sometimes as * Ensign Samuel 
Stiles' — 'brother of Ephraim,' etc. The Conn, 
Col. Rec, also refer to his being appointed by 
the General Court, at Hartford, Oct. 10, 1689, 
to make a list of persons and estates, etc., of 
Woodbury; also,* at same court confirmed as 
ensign of the Woodbury Train-Band, and to be 
commissioned ;t also, he was empowered by the 
General Assembly, Oct. 9, 1701, as one of the 
executors of Jno. Sherwood's estate, of Strat- 
ford, to sell land " for the procuring of money 
* to defray the charge of curing his son Thomas 

Sherwood, who is lame." By the Gen. Assembly, 
Hartford, May 10, 1705, "Ensign Samuel Stiles 
is, by this Assembly, appointed Lieutenant of 
the Train-band in the Towne of Woodbury."t 
His name is also signed to "Fundamental 
Articles " agreed upon in order to ye settlement 
of a plantation at Pomparogue (Cothren 41). 

Samuel Stiles (with his elder brother Eph- 
raim and his younger brother Thomas) received 
lands by deed from their step-father Eobert 
Clarke; lands originally belonging to their father 
Mr. Francis Stiles — and thus obtained an ad- 
vantageous start in life. 

** Conn. OoL Rec., !▼., 10. 
t /Wd, IV., 35. 
t Ibid, Iv . 607. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 473 

The record thus reads: "June 11, 1667, 
Samuel Stiles, by way of gift from his father, 
Robert Clarke, hath a dwelling-house and the 
home-lot thereto adjoining, lying at Woronoke? 
bounded east with the Great River, south with 
the land of John Wheeler, north with the 
Farmill River, and west with a creek," [Stratford 
Hist 252). He and his brother Ephraim 
received from Mr. Clarke, 20 acres, to be divided 
between them (/6trf, 252). A deed of land from 
him to his brother Ephraim in 1699, shows him 
then to have been residing in Woodbury.* 

Pres. Stiles says he had a son, but died 
childless; and a family MSS. Sketch, by Ben- 
jamin P. Stiles, found June 1, 1829, and in pos- 
session of Miss Alice M. Stiles, says that 
** Samuel Stiles adopted two children; gave the 
most of his estate to Ebenezer Brownson." He 
was a member of the First Church of Woodbur^, 
1670, and his wife Elizabeth in 1692.t 

12. IV. Benjamin,^ bom (probably) 1651 ;t married Elizabeth 

Rogers, of Milford, Conn. Family 3. 

13. V. Thomas,^ born ; died 1683; received from his 

step-father, Robert Clarke, " fifteen acres in the 
woods by the river called Stratford River on the 
south side of Joseph Brook;" he also had lands 
by purchase — see Stratford Land ConveyanceSy 
Bk. I., p. 210; he died 1683; his inventory (about 
£200) is dated April 10, 1683; he probably died 
a few days before. Cothren (Hist. Anc. Wood- 

* Stratford Land OooTeyances, II.. 317, 318. 
t Oothren'8 HUt. Ane. Woodbury, 11.. 816. 

t Stratford Ret,, ^Cothren. 11.,) given his death "aged 60, April 11. 1711/* which plaoee his 
birth ill 1651. The day of month should be 13, according to Town Record. 



474 THe STILES GENEALOGY, 

burij^ pag® 695) states that he married Eliza- 
beth Clarke, and gave his estate to Francis,*' his 
brother Benjamin's^ son. 

14. VI. Hannah;^ married (probably in 1651), Sergeant Edward 
Hinman, of Stratford,. Conn., wherein they 
resided in what is now (1890) the main street, a 
few rods below the Episcopal Church, on the 
west side of the road. He had not resided in 
Stratford many years before, with Francis Stiles, 
he became the principal purchaser of the south 
part of Pomperaug (Woodbury) now Southbury 
— whither some of his children and some of the 
Stiles family subsequently removed. He died 
at Stratford, Conn., Nov. 21, 1681; will proved 
at Faii-field, 1682. Mrs. Hannah (Stiles) Hin- 
man died 1677. (Cothren's Hist Anc, Wind- 
sor; and Hinman's Catal Puritan Settlers of 
Conn., 141). Issue: 

15 i. Sabah,3 born Sept. 10, 1653; married William Roberts. 

16. ii. TiTU8,3 bom June, 1655. 

17. ill. Samuel, 3 born Jan., 1658. 

18. iv. Benjamin, 3 born Feb., 1662. 

19. V. Hannah,* born July, 1666. 

20. vi. Mart,3 bom 1668. 

21. vii. Patibncb,3 born 1670; married John Burroughs. 

22. viii. Edwabd,3 bom 1672— had twelve children, born in 

Stratford, Conn. 



THE CONMEQTICUT FAHKILY, 475 

FAMILY 2. 

23. Ephraim' Stiles, [10], {Mr, Francis,') born Aug. 3, 
1645, at Windsor; settled about 1660 at Stratford, Conn., where 
he received land from his step-father Robert Clarke — says 
Orcutt {Hist Strafford, Conn., p. 252, 280)— in 1667, at Oronoke,* 
where he settled and became a thriving, valuable citizen. He 
was considerably active in town matters, had a grist-mill at 
Farmill River, a little below Black Brook, near the place called 
the Plumtrees. (liberty grant3d Jan. 11, 1705-6), and in char- 
acter and standing appears to have been among the first of the 
town. He had a proportion of the " common and undivided 
lands" 1699; and {Ibid, 288), Jan. 13, 1696, asked and received 
of the town the privilege of a forty-foot grant of land at Wor- 
onoke, between the homes of Hope Washborne and that of the 
heirs of James Blackman, on which to set up tan-vats; in 1693, 
{Ibid, 289), was one of the overseers of the killing of wolves. 

The Colonial Records of Connecticut shows him to have 
been a Deputy from Stratford to the General Court at Hartford, 
Jan. and Oct., 1086; Oct., 1689; Oct., 1692; March, 1692-3; May, 
1696; to the Court of Election, May, 1695; May, 1697; 1704, 
1708; to the General Assembly, Oct., 1699 and 1702.t At the 
Court of Election, May 9, 1700, Mr. Ephraim Stiles, with Mr. 
Samuel Sherman, was appointed to lay out one hundred and fifty 
acres of land for the Rev. Mr. Jno. James;} and they were also 
appointed to lay out three hundred acres adjudged to Captain 
Johnson for his military services in 1697.** At the Court of 
Election, May 11, 1704, he was appointed one of a Committee 

• A letter d^ie I \prll 2J. IS>7 fra-n Olautlus B Curtis, then Town Clerk of Stratford^ 
Goon., says: "The first meatloa I fln<l of tbe name of Stiles, Is Bphraln Stiles hath from his 
[step] father Robert Clarke 14 acres of upland nt Oronoke, June 1*2, 1667. (Bk. I., p. 45); also 
ou the same page, a piece of land by way of exchange with John Wheeler, June 14, 1667; also, 
by way of exchange with his brother Samuel Stile-* several pieces, 1671-73 (p. 45). On p. 88» 
Bk. I., 1«» a record of lands given ti Samuel and Ephraim Stiles by their [step] father Robert 
Clarke, 1667. 

t Conn. Col. Rfc, Iv., 33. 78, 89. 138. 158, 197. 296, 395, 4«1. 

t Conn. Col. Rec, Iv., 323. 

*• Orcutfs Hist. Derby Conn., p. 93. 



47« TH£ STILES OfMEALOOr.^ 

of Safety for Fairfield County. His name appears on the roll 
of members of the First Congregational Church, 1670. 

He died June 21, 1714; will {Fairfield, Co. Probate) dated 
July 23, 1712; proved June 30, 1714; inventory taken Sept 2, 
1714; amount £1,547. 

He married (1) July 28, 1669, Euth (the young widow of 
Obadiah) Wheeler;* married (2) (after 1680)? Bathsheba (daugh- 
ter of Henry) Tomlinson, of Derby, Conn., who was born Jan., 
1660-1, and who, after Mr. Stiles' death, married a Curtiss. 
Cothren (Hist Woodbury, Conn.,) bsljb "her gravestone strangely 
omits the name of her last husband, and reads, 'Bathsheba 
Curtiss, formerly wife of Ephraim Stiles,' " aged 74; died 1735. 

Children (by second wife): 

24 L Elizabeth,^ daughter of Ephraim Stiles', born Sept, 
l&%5-&.— Woodbury Bee. See Cothren's Hist. 
Anc. Woodbury, p. 122. 

25. 11. Elizabeth,^ born Feb. 18, 1687t; married Ephraim 

Curtiss, of Stratford, Conn., June 26, 1707. 
Issue: 

26. i. Stile8,4 (named in bis father's "mih—hairfidd^ Co.^ 

Probate). 



27. 


ii. 


Phebb.4 


28. 


m. 


H«NBT.< 


29. 


iv. 


Ann.< 


30. 


V. 


Ephraim. 4 


31. 


vi. 


Martha.* 



* Ephraim Siiles and Buth Wheeler, sometlmee je wife of Obadlah Wheeler deoeast; were 
married the twenty-eighth of July, one thousand six hundred sixty and nine; entered ye June 
10th, 1671; pr. John Minor Recorder, p. 252, bk. 1. t Stratford Rec., 480. 483. ' 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 477 

32. vii. Buth;4 married Rev. Mr. Beebe. 

33. viii. B^THSHSBA.^ 

34. ix. Edmttnb.^ 

35. X. Eliahu.** 

36. in. Sarah,« born Nov. 4, 1693;* married Thomas Wells, 

of Stratford, Conn., Aug. 31, 1710. Issue: 

37. i. Ephraim.^ 

38. ii. Bathshbba.^ 

39. iii. CoMFOBT.* 

40. iv. Sabah.« 

41. V. Thomas.^ 

42. vi. GiDBON.« 

43. yii Damibl.* 

44. viii. GuBDON.** 

45. ix. Hbzbkiah.4 

Mrs. Sarah Wells, by her father^s will, 
received his grist will. 

46. IV. Phebe,8 born March 25, 1696; received £500 by her 

father's will; married David Judson, of Strat- 
ford, Conn., Oct. 29, 1713.t Issue: 

47. i. David, 4 bom Sept 26, 1715. [This was the Bev. David, 

of Newtown, Conn., who married Bfary (daughter of 
Joshua) Judson, of Stratford. He died Sept 24. 1776, 
ae. 61 years.- (PrM. StUta* M88.) 

• 8tr<Ufvrd Ibiim Ree„\, 352; 11.. 480. 488. 
t Stratford Oonn., Town Bee. 11.. 480, 488. 



478 THE STILES GENEMLOGT. 

48. ii. Phebe,< bom Feb. 19. 1718 ; married Mathew Curtfss, 

of Stratford, Conn., May 4, 1737. - (Prts. SlUe.s MSS.) 

49. iii. Ahel,< born Jan. 31. 1721 ; died Sept 18, 1721. at New- 

town, Conn,- {Pres. StUes' MSS.) 

;'>n. ir. Abkl,'< bom Feb. 12, 1722 ; married Sarah Barton, of 

Stratford, Conn., May 4, 1744. - (Pres. Stiles' MSS,) 

•51. T. AouB (Maj),* bora Marcb 23, 1724 ; married Mehitable 

(daughter of Rev. Thomas) Tcusey, of Newtown, 
Conn., May, 1750, and settled in Ripton, Conn. 
h'me: (1) Agnr, Jr., (Judson), born March 5, O. 8. 
1751;* (2) Hannah (Jndson), born Sept. 28, N. S. 
1752; married Moses Piatt, of Newtown; (3) David 
(Judson), born April 15, 1754. 

52, vi. RuTH,< born April 26, 1726 ; married her consin Ben. 

jamin (son of Francis) Stiles, May 19, 1747.— (Pre*. 

StUes' MSS.) 

53w vii. Daniel,* born April 26, 1728; resided in Stratford Old 

Town; married Jan. 31, 1752, Sarah Curtins. — {Pres. 

Stiles' MSS.) 

T)!, viii. Sahah,* born Oct. 17, 1730 ; married 1750, Stephen 

Curtiss.— (Pre«. StUes' MSS.) 

55. ix. Abner,'* bom June 9, 1733; married 1765, Hannah Curtiss. 

5(>. X Betty,* born Feb. 12, 1737; married William Plxley 

Jan. 1, 1755-56.- {Pres. Stiles' MSS.) 

Mrs. Pliebe (Stiles) Judson died May 20, 
1765,— ( Fairfield Proh. Court Rec.J [but Pres. 
Stiles' MSS. has it May 5, 17611. 



Eev. Mr. Orcutt, the historian of Stratford, 
Conn., furnishes the following: The Margaret 

• Agur Judson. Jr., married Ann (daughter of Eaq.EHsha) MllN, Dec. 22, 1768; he In 18, she 
in i7 year of her age), and netlled In Ripton. hsut: Rosewell (at Yale College.) Phelo, William, 
died in infancy; Ann, Elizabeth, Agur. Charles. {Prts Stilt*' MSS. 1762), who also says that 
Ma]. Agur Judson married Hannah Guriiss, Dec. 23, 1746, probably his first wife). 



7M£ CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 479 

Stiles herein named, may have been a daughter 
of Ephraim Stiles and possibly by hia first wife.* 

Francis Hall, son of Doctor Isaac Hall, of* 
Fairfield, married Margaret Stiles, Dec. 8, 1702. 
Francis resided in Stratfield Society, in Strat- 
ford. Inventory of his estate taken April 1, • 
1735, amounting to £474: 4: 5. 



Children: 



67. i. Rebecca,* (Hall) born Nov. 3, 1703; married Abner Feast 

[perhaps Frost], Sept. 27, 1723; had (1) Jedidiah, born 
May 7, 1724; (2) Eleazer, born Oct. 24, 1725, died Jan. 
26. 1726; (2) Naomi, boin March 20, 1726. 

58. ii. Fbancis,* (Hall) born Aug. 29, 1705, 

69. iii. Margaret, 4 (Hall) born Oct. 6, 1707. 

60. iv. Sarah,* (Hall) born Feb. 18, 1710; died Oct. 25, 1717. 

61. V. Richard,* (Hall) born April 20, 1710; died [so recorded.] 

62. vi. Richard, -• (Hall) born April 9, 1713. 

63. vii. Benjamin,* (Hall) born Feb. 13, 1717. 

FAMILY 3. 

64. Benjamin^ Stiles, i[12], (Francis,'^) born probably 
1651, in Windsor, Conn.; resided in Woodbury, Conn., but died at 
Stratford, Conn., April 13, 1711, " being about 60 years of age," ac- 
cording to Town Records. ( Cothren probably being in error in giv- 
ing date as April 11). In Fairfield Co, Probate Rec, we find inven- 
tory of estate of Benjamin Stiles, of Stratford, late of Woodbury, 
and died in Straiford intestate on the 13th of April, 1711. "We 

* There was no other Margartt Stiles, at tbat time, of the Connectfcut family, and otherwise 
unaooounted for. except Margaret, the daughter of Thomas Stiles, (see page 39), and she. we 
take it, must have l:>een too old to be ^ Margaret in question.— H. R. S. 



480 TH£ STILES GEMEALOGT. 

8ay of what he stood prossessed of in Woodbury at his death, 
taken by us subscribers — John Curtiss, Joseph Hickcock ap- 
praisers, £408-10." 

"The children are: Francis Stiles and Sarah the wife of 
. Thomas Wheeler, »Abegail the wife of Samuel Mun." 

The Court ordered distribution — a double portion to the 
eldest son — the rest equal. 

Capt. John Sherman and Mr. John Curtiss, of Woodbury, 
distributors. 

His name appears on membership roll of First Church 1670. 
He married Elizabeth Bogers, of Milford, Conn., who died June 
3^ 1119.— (Fairfield, Co. Ptob. Bee.) . 

Children :* 

65. I. Sabah,' baptized May, 1683; married Thomas Wheeler, 

of Woodbury, Conn., Aug. 20, 1701. — Cothren, 
ii., 176. 

66. II. Thomas,^ baptized Nov., 1685, probably died young, 

as he is not mentioned in his father's will. 

67. III. HuTH,8 baptized May, 1682-3; married John Wheeler, 

of Woodbury, Conn., Nov. 14, 1704 — CothreUy 
ii., 178. 

» . 

* Woodbwy. (Conn.) Records, a» given In Otohren's HUt. Andent Woodbury, 11., 123—134. 
furnishes the following hapti*m$ of a family which would seem to be the children of this Ben- 

Jamln by Kjirtt wife Abigail . If so, it m ust be accepted as more reliable than the above 

list as given by the Free. Stlies' MSS. 

1. Fbanois, son of Benjamin and Abigail Stiles, baptised March, 1681-3. 

3. Sarah, daughter of Benjamin and Abigail Stiles, baptised April. 1680-1. 

3. Rdth daughter of Benjamin and Abigail Stiles, baptised May, 1683-8. 

4. THOiTAS. son of Benjamin and Abigail Stllee, baptized Nov., 1684-6. 

6. ABIGAIL, daughter of Benjamin and Abigail Stiles, baptised April 16, 1688-9. 



THe tONflECTICUT FAMILY. 481 

68. IV. Abigail,^ baptized April, 1689; married Samuel Munn, 

of Woodbury. 

69. V. Francis,' [named in his father's will. — Fairfield Co, 

Proh. Rec.]; married Mary Johnson. Family 4. 

FAMILY 4 

70. Lieut. Francis^ Stiles, [69], (Benjamin,^ Mr.Francis,^ ) 
settled in Southbury Society. Of him President Stiles in his 
M88. Oenealogy, says: "I once saw him in 1747 — his son Ben- 
jamin was educated at Yale College, 1740 — a very rich man" — 
this estimate probably referring to Lieut. Francis. He was 
one who (July 11, 1708), owned the baptismal, or "Half-way 
Covenant*' of the Church during Bev. Mr. Stoddard's ministry; 
and was probably received to full communion.* 

Lieut. Francis's house was standing until recently, and was 
used as a barn by his descendant. Deacon David J. Stiles. The 
old house spoken of in Cothren^s History of Woodbury, as being 
the residence of Lieut. Francis Stiles, was blown to the ground 
about one year since — it being about 150 years old. Some 
parts of the timber being sound, have been manufactured into 
canes, chairs, &c., and if you should visit Southbury, you will 
see there many of Lieut. Francis's descendants walking with 
canes made from his old house, or sitting in chairs made from 
the same. — Letter of Deacon David J. Stiles, 1859. 

Lieut. Francis^ married Mary Johnson, of Stratford, Conn.,. 
Sept. 21, 1709, and died in 1748 [m. 67, Pres. Stiles' MSS.]; he 
resided and died in Southbury, Aug. 4, 1748 (Southbury Records), 

Children: 

71. I. Francis,* bom July 23, 1710; "died the day he was 

born," says the MSS. referred to on page 473. 



« Oothron'8 BisL Andent Woodbury, U, 803. 



482 THe STiL£S OEMEALOOY. 

72. IL Sarah/ born Oct. 21, 1711 ; married Deacon Ben- 

jamin Hickock, Jr., Feb. 28, 1734. haue: 

73. i. Oijys«» died young. 

74. U. Olive.* 

75. iii*- AM08.S 

76. It. Sabah.* 

77. T. BiMJAMnr.* 

78. vi. Patirnci.* 

79. Tii. Simson/ died an infant 

80. liii. Sii«ON.» 

Mrs. Sarah (Stiles) Hickock died Oct, 1772. 

81. m. Mabel,* born May 9, 1714 ; married Andrew Hinman« 

Jr., Feb. 28, 1734. hme: 

82. i. Bbttt,* baptized September, 1735 ;* married G. Strong, 

Jan. 9, 1760. 

83. ii Daniel.* 

84. iii. Mabqasbt,* baptized Deo. 16, 1738; nnmanied. 

85. iv. Mabel,* baptized Jane 7, 1740; married Shadraok 

Otbom, of Sonthbury, Conn. 

86. T. Fbancis,* baptized Aogost, 1742. 

87. vi. David,* baptized 1744. 

« 

88. rV. Eunice,* born Aug. 18, 1717 ; married David Curtiss, 

Sen. 

* Baptism of this family from Hlnman's Puritan SclOert. 145. 



THe OONN£CTICUT FAMILY. 483 

89. V. Benjamin/ born Feb. 11, 1720; married Buth Judson. 

Family 6. 

90. VI. David/ born April 8, 1725 ; died March 31, 1727. 

91. VII. Mary,* born Jan. 7, 1728; married Col. Benjamin 

Hinman. Issue: (Baptism from Hinman, 146.) 

92. i. Aakon,» 1746. 

93. ii. JoBL,ft baptized April, 1748; died 1813. 

94. iii. Shebman/ baptized June, 1760; died Sept 6, 1776. 

95. iv. Shbbmak,^ baptized October, 1752; graduated Yale Col- 

lege 1776. Married. 

Mrs. Mary (Stiles) Hinman died May 7, 
1783. 

FAMILY 6. 

96. Benjamin^ Stiles, Esq., [89], {Lieut Francis,^ Ben- 
jamin,^ Mr. Francis,^) born Feb. 11, 1720, in that part of the 
ancient town of Woodbury, now included in Southbury, Conn.; 
was educated at Yale College, where he graduated in 1740 ; was 
a man of cultivated mind, large heart and considerable property 
for that day. He studied law and settled in the practice of his 
profession in his native town ; was No. 80 in the list of persons 
to whom land was divided in 1756, on Great Hill, Derby, Conn., 
in lots one and a half acres to each person ;* also, was on the 
List of Estates in Derby, 1718, by Authority of the Town, valued 
£21.t His house, now occupied by his grandaughters, Ellen 
Esther and Alice Maria Stiles, and his great-grandson, is claimed 
to have been the first "upright house" (t. e., with the rear as 

* OrcuU's Hi»t. Derby, Oonn., p. 157. 
tiMd.. 180. 



484 TH£ 8T/L£S OEMSALOOT. 

high as the front) erected in Litchfield County. Its bricks were 
burned in 1785, the house completed in 1787. There he con- 
tinued to reside and to enjoy an extensive practice for the times, 
until his death. He was frequently employed in important and 
difficult causes, and attained a very reputable position at the 
bar. In 1759 he appeared in several public offices in Litchfield 
County; in 1762, he was appointed to divide an Ecclesiastical 
Society; was Delegate to the General Court, 1760-1765; he repre- 
sented Woodbury in the General Assembly in the May sessions 
of 1755, 1756, 1769, 1770, 1771 ; and in October session of 1762, 
1769, 1770, 1771.* During the Revolution, he was suspected of 
being somewhat conservative in his views and was, on one oc- 
casion, cited before the General Assembly for "Contempt of 
Government;'* the complaint charging him with having said 
that the ** Three Colony Representatives in the Continental 
Congress were three good-for-nothing dogs, and no more ^ lot 
the place than his sick negro Jeflf." His patriotism or integrity 
could not, however, have been very seriously questioned by his 
fellow townsmen of Southbury, since he represented them at 
meeting held at Hartford, Jan. 3, 1788, for the ratification of 
the Constitution of the United States ; and he was at one time 
subsequently State Auditor. (Conn. State Archives^ Rev. War i., 
428; Cothren'8 Hist Woodbury, pp. 322, 395, 473, 472. 

He married, 1747, his cousin Ruth (born 1726, daughter of 
David and Phebe) Judson ; and died March 15, 1797, ». 77, at 
Southbury, Conn., where he resided. Mrs. Ruth (Judson) Stiles 
died at Stratford, Conn., June 21, 1814, sb. 87. 

Children (bom at Southbury, Conn,): 

97. I. Francis,^ born Nov. 13, 1748 ; married Sarah Nichols. 

Family 6. 

98. II. Phebe,' born Jan. 18, 1749 ; died aged one year. 

*Col. Ree. New Haven Colony. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 486 

99. III. David,' born Sept. 10, 1751 ; married Olive Pierce. 
Family 7. 

100. rV. Ephbaim,' born Jan, 15, 1763 ; married Sarah Trow- 

bridge. Family 8. 

* 

101. V. Benjamin,' born Aug. 26, 1766; married Esther 

Preston. Family 9. 

102. VI. Abel," born March 26, 1768 ; died young. 

103. VIL Abel,* born Aug. 26, 1769; married Lucinda 

Mitchell. Family 10. 

104.VIIL JuDSON,' born May 30, 1762; went to Salisbury, 
Conn., where he died Nov. 11, 1796 ; unmarried. 

106. IX. Phebe,» born July 22, 1764 ; died aged 12 years. 

106. X. Nathan,' born May 12, 1767; married . Family 11. 

FAMILY 6. 

107. Francis' Stiles, [97], (Benjamin,^ Lieut. Francis,^ 
Benjamin,^ Francis,^) bom at Southbury, Conn., Nov. 13, 1748 ; 
married Sarah Nichols (widow of Isaac) Coffin,* of Derby, Conn., 
1783; settled in Woodbury, Conn., but removed to Southbury, 
before the birth of his children. 

He died April 5, 1796; Mrs. Sarah (Nichols) Stiles died 
May 28, 1841. 

* Isaac Coffin Is said to hare been shot by the cow-boys, ■omewhere on Long Island, during 
the Berolutlonary War, about 1777. He had, by his wife Sarah Nichols, one son, John 0. 
Ooffln, who lived and died In Salisbury, Conn. She llred to age of 90. (Letter of Mrs. Horace 
J. Oanfleld, of Stockbrldge. Mass., granddaughter of John C. Coffin). 



486 rH£ STILES 0£N£ALOOY 

Children : 

108. I. Benjamin/ born July 22, 1785;* married Mary 

Clark; Family 12. 

109. II. Thomas,^ born Feb, 21, 1789; married Sarah 
, AuguHta Newell. Family 13. 

110. IV. Ransom/ born Dec. 29, 1790; married Hannah 

Proudfit. Family 14. 

111. III. Sally,* bom in Salisbury, Conn., April 17, 1786; 

married Newman Holley, Esq., of Salisbury, 
Nov. 17, 1805. Issue : 

112. i. Fbakcis N«.^ born May 13, 1807. For biographical no- 

fcioe see pp. 719-20, HM. Tbmngton, Cbfin. 

113. il. Ransoic,^ born Aug. 8, 1813. See above work. 

114. iii. Mabt^ 

115. Iv. Fbkdbbiok.7 

Mrs. Sally (Stiles) Holley died Dec. 12, 
1854. 

FAMILY 7. 

116. David * Stiles, \^^\ (lienjamin,* Lieut. Francis,^ Ben- 
Jamin^^ Francis^^) born at Soutlibury, Conn., Sept. 10, 1751 ; 
married Olive Pierce, Dec. 12, 1784, in South Britian, Conn. 

David Stiles died April 17, 1828. 

Children : 

117. 1. Mary Anna,* born Aug. 21, 1786; married Nov. 27, 
1808, Smith Downs, of Southbury, Conn.; she 
died Feb. 14, 1810. 



*D. W. Patterson. 



THE OOHHECTICVT FAMILY. 487 

118. IL Patty,* born Sept. 25, 1789; died Sepi 26, 1794. 

119. in. David J.,« born Oci 16, 1795; married Ann French. 

Family 15. 

120. IV. Benjamin,* born June 21, 1798; died at YorkviUe. 

S. 0., September, 1855. 

FAMILY 8. 

121. Ephraim* Stiles, [100], {Benjamin,' Lieut. Francis,^ 
Benjamin^ Francis,^) born at Soutlibury, Conn., Jan. 15, 1753; 
married May 7, 1780, Sarah (daughter of Joseph) Trowbridge, 
of Southbnry, Conn. 

Ephraim Stiles died Feb. 7, 1821 ; Mrs. Sarah (Trowbridge) 
Stiles died Aug. 3, 1816. 

Children: 

122. L Phebe,« born Nov. 9, 1782 ; married a Bellamy, of 

Vermont, Nov. 22, 1804 ; afterwards resided in 
N. Y. State. She died July 21, 1848. 

123. IL BuTH,« bom Feb. 18, 1786 ; became the second wife 

of Benjamin B. Osborn. Feb. 27, 1811. 

124. rn. Sally,* born July 29, 1789; married Nov. 22, 1808 

(1st wife of) Benjamin B. Osborn. She died 
Sept. 4, 1809. 

125. IV. Ephbaim Erastus,' born Oct. 24, 1791; married 

Sally Osborn. Family 17. 

*0n Soutlibary Beoords (Oothren's AndaU Woodbury] given as Benjamin P., born June 38. 



488 THE ST/L£$ OEMEMLOOr. 

FAMILY 9. 

126, Benjamin* Stiles, Esq., [101], (Denjamir,* LieuL 
Francis,^ Benjamin^ Francis^^) born Aug. 25, 1756; graduated 
Yale College 1776, and from Yale Law School 1779 ; studied 
law with his father and commenced practice in his native town, 
where he resided until his death. He was much relied upon in 
the pieparation of cases, and did a large amount of office busi- 
ness. He represented Southbury (which was not incorporated 
until 1787) in the General Assembly in May session of 1794, 
October session of 1792 and 1793. He married Aug. 14, 1786, 
(Family Bible Rec.) Esther (daughter of Jehiel) Preston; she 
was born 1766, and died at Southbury, June 9, 1842, sb. 76. — 
Cothren'a i., 511. 

Squire Benjamin Stiles died Feb. 12, 1817. — CoihreiVa L, 611, 

Children : 

127. I. Harriet,* born March 13, 1787; married Harry 
Brown, of Southbury, Conn., Sept., 1817, Issve : 

12B. i. HCMRT^ (BrowD). 

129. ii. Mabia.7 (BrowD). 

130. lii. Hamkah^ (Brown). 

131. It. Bsnjamin? (Brown), bom Feb. 22, 1824; married Dec 19, 

1877, Emma SalliTan, of Colnmbns, Ohio; no issue. 

182. Y Walteb O.y (Brown), bom Bfaroh 6, 1826; married Sept. 

*2, 1863, Isabella Wood, bom Jnly 28, 1831; he died 
Not. 8, 1876. Chtidrm (1) Walter W., bom June 18, 
1864; (2) Helen, bom Jnly 26, 1866; (3) Flora, bora 
Jan. 14, 1869; (4) Harry L., bora Ang. 16, 1870; (6) 
Lowell T.. bom Nor. 16, 1873. 

133. Ti. Obablis^ (Brown). 



THE CONNECTICUT FAfHILT. 489 

13 . II. Jennet,* born Oct. 4, 1790; married Charles Ban- 
som (grand-child of Stephen and Mary) Curtiss, 
March 24, 1817. hme: 

135. i. HarbibtS.," born Aug. 7 1818; married Dr. Jasper B. 

Osborn, hafl one child (1) Emily (Osborne), who mar- 
ried H. 0. Wrig)it. of ann Francisco, Cal.; have Flor- 
ence, Alice E. and Helen. 

136. ii. Mabt M ,' bom May 24, 1820; died. 

1.17. iii. Benjamin 8.,7 born July 23. 1822; married Jan. 27, 1860, 

Martha Strong; resided in Naugatuck, (*onn. GhUdren 
(1) Charles S., bom March 23, 1856, married Nov. 8. 
1883, Ell»-n M. French, of Watertown, Conn.; had 
Geo. Benj. Curtis, bom Sept. 13, 1884; (2) Jannet W., 
born Ang. 12. 1861; died Nov. 24, 1877; (3) Benjamin 
Ii., born March 8. 1867. 

138. iv. Chablbs B.,^ bom Sept. 1, 1824; resided (1885) in East 

Oakland, Cal. Unmarried. 

mo. V. Walter H..' born April 2, 1827; died. 

140. vi. Horace H..^ born Murch 16, 1829; resided (1885) in 

Jackson, Tenn.; married, and had five children and 
nine grand-children then living. 

141. vii. Thbron S.,' bom Aug 3, 1831; died Aug. 5, 1852. 

Mrs, Jennet (Stiles) Curtiss died Aug. 8, 
1875, 86. 84 years, 10 months, 4 days. Mr. 
Charles B. Curtiss died June 24, 1844. 

142. III. Henby B.,*' born Oct. 24, 1791. See Cothren's /Z/^- 

tory Ancient Woodbury, page 447, among South- 
bury births. 

143. IV. Benjamin,' born Aug. h'u 1792; died Oct. 15, 1794 



490 THE STILES GENEALOOY 

144. V. Benjamin Preston,* born May 9, 1797 ; died Dec. 15, 

1838, 8B. 41 years, 7 months. 6 days; unmar- 
ried. 

145. VI. Francis Burke,« born May 8, 1801 ; died Feb. 12, 

1804.— (7o/AreM, 511. 

146. VII. Henry Burke,'' born May 15, 1804; married (1) 

Patty Seeley French ; married (2) Mrs. Julia A. 
Parrot t. Family 18. 

147. VIII. Mariette Estqer,*^ born July 18, 1812 ; married Oct. 

5 (or 8), 1839, George Smith, of Bridgeport, 
Conn. She died July 17, 1883. No issue. 



FAMILY 10. 

148. AbeP Stiles, [103], (Benjamh),' Lieut Francis,'' Ben- 
jamin,^ Mr. Francis,^) born Aug. 2^*), 1759 ; married Jan. 16, 1790 
{Cofhren says 1791), Lucinda Mitchell, born Aug. 17, 1768. He 
resided at Southbury, Conn., and died Sept. 2, 1839 ; she died 
March 30, 1858, f©. 89.— Cofhren, 518. 

Children : 

149. I. EoDERiCK," born Dec. 4, 1790; died Sept. 13, 1794. 

150. II. Roderick,^ born May 15, 1794; married Cleora S. 

Curtiss. Family 19. 

151. III. RuFUS,*' born Jan. 14, 1796; resided in Southbury, 

Conn.; married (1) Sarah Curtiss, Nov. 9, 1822. 
She was born Nov. 8, 1797, and died March 5, 
1859; married (2) Ann Downs (widow of Elijah) 



THE COMHECTICUT FAMILY. 491 

French, Sept. 15, 1860; she died Nov. 29, 1872 ; 
married (3) Sophia Marcell (widow of Freeman) 
Davis, 1874. Mr. Rufus Stiles died Sept. 29, 
1876. No issue. 



152. IV. Eliza M.,« born May 27, 1798; married Capt. 
Charles C. Hinman (son of Col. Trueman Hin- 
man, and whose great-grandmother was sister 
to her grand-father Benjamin Stiles), June 17, 
1822; she died June 8, 1879, je. 79. Issue: 



153. i. Helen Eliza. ^ married AlvordE. Winched. Besided in 

Southbury, Conn., and died Feb. 17, 1863, 8b. 36 
years. No issue. 

Mrs. Eliza M. (Stiles) Hinman died June 8, 
1879. 



154. V. Jonathan," born Oct. 10, 1800; married Nancy 

Baldwin. Family 20. 

155. VI. Nathan M.,« born Oct. 15, 1807; died March 125, 

1812, in Southbury, Conn. 

166. VII. Francis Abel,* born Nov. 4, 1809; married (1) 
Elvira W. Gidney; married (2) Frances M. 
Shelton. Family 21. 



FAMILY 11. 

157. Nathan^ Stiles, [106], {Benjamin,^ Lieut Fravcts,^ 
Benjamin,^ Francis^^) born May 12, 1767, at Southbury, Conn.; 
graduated at Yale College, 1787 ; married 1795, Phebe (daugh- 



492 TH£ STILES G£ll/£ALOGr. 

ter of Ebenezer and Phebe Smith) Dayton,* who was born at 
Coram, L. L, April 17, 1776. They resided in that part of 
Derby, Conn., now known is Seymour. He was one of those 
who organized, Feb. 12, 1797, an Episcopal Society (Trinity 
Church) in Derby,t 

Mr. Nathan Stiles died in Schenectady, N. Y., Sept. 23, 
1804, on his way home from a trip to the Western States. 
Mrs. Phebe (Dayton) Stiles died July 15, 1834,89. 58 years.J 

C/nldreit (born in Derby, Conn.): 

158. I. Nathan [J.?],« born Feb. 27, 1796; married (1) Ann 

Maria Birch; married (2) Mrs. Jane Johnson. 
Family 22. 

159. II. Ph(EBE,'* born Dec. 5, 1797; resided at New Haven, 

Conn. 

160. III. Minerva,' born March 28, 1801 ; married James 

Roath, of Norwalk, Conn., June 5, 1827. Issue: 

161. i. James.' 

162. ii. Phbbb.' 

163. IV. Hannah Mari8Sa,« born Dec. 24, 180 I ; died Sept. 

15, 1849. 

*Thl8 marriage we get from Mr. Chas. W. Dayton, who Is eDgat;ed u jk)ii h penealogy of the 
Dayton family. Yei ihe Town Clerk of Derby, Couu., furnlahes us (Dec. 3. 1884) with a copy 
from the H'utoryof iMrby, Conn., by Samuel Orcutt which gives the nnroe as Phebe Johngon, 
and a list of Uielr children, which we are constrained to consider and to use, as being authen- 
tic: although It both differs from and agrees with the list which we gave in our former ndliloD. 

We are Inclined, however, to believe that It should be Dayton, nnd that the Johnson hasarlt'en 
from some confusion of memory with the surnanie of Nathan Jr 's second wife. Mrs. Aarnh 
Johnson. 

t Orcutt's History nf Dtrhy. CJonn., page 469. 

t:Froro Seymour (old Humphreysvllle) Records, These dates are taken from Congregational 
Cemetery. 



TH£ CONNECTICUT FANIILY. 493 

FAMILY 12. 

164. Benjamin'' Stiles, [\0^^, (Francis,^ Benjamin,^ Lieut 
Francis y^ Benjamin,^ Francis,^) born in Salisbury, Conn., July 
22, 1785; married in Salisbury, Conn., about 1806, Mary 
(daughter of Joseph and Semantha) Clark, born about 1790. 
He resided in Salisbury until after the birth of his third child 
(say 1812 , and then removed to the head of Susquehanna Biver 
(probably at Cooperstown), and engaged in trading ; but at the 
end of the war of 1812-14, failed in business. His brothers then 
bought for him land for a farm in the town of Owego, four miles 
north of Owego Village, N. Y., on the east side of the Owego Creek. 
Here he resided until his death, Feb. 24, 1853, in his 68th year. 

Mr. Stiles was highly esteemed by his neighbors as a 
worthy citizen and an honorable man. He was, during most of 
his life, sceptical in regard to the fundamental principles of the 
gospel ; but, during his last illness, his eyes were opened ; he 
accepted, most fully, the redemption oflfered by Christ's sacri- 
fice, and died in the triumphs of a Christian's faith, and in hopes 
of a glorious immortality. His funeral services were attended 
in the Methodist Episcopal Chapel, at Flemingville, N. Y., Feb. 
26, and his remains were interred in the cemetery at that place. 

Mrs. Mary (Clark) Stiles died June 28, 1857, in her 67th 
year.* 

Children : 

165. I. Samantha,* born in Salisbury, Conn., about 1807; 
married Charles Dewell, of Flemingville, N. Y. 
Both are dead ; were buried in the town of 
Tioga, N. Y., near the " deep well," about two 
miles from Owego, N. Y. Issue: 



*Wlth her husband Is buried In that town nenr the "deep well," Hboiit two inllee from 
Owege Village. 



494 THE STILES GEKEALOGY. 

166. i. Augusta, » deceased. 

167. it GusTATus." 

168. iii. Chablb8,« resided at Newfield, N. T. 

169. \y. Helen,* deceased. 

170. V. Fbancis." 

171. > Yi. Churchill,* resided (1885) at AtheDB, Bradford Co., Pa. 

172. rii. Edoab Platt.* 

Mrs. Samantha (Stiles) Dewell died at the 
residence of her sister, Mrs. Goodrich, Tioga, 
N. Y., July 9, 1883. 

173. 11. Sarah Ann,' bom at Salisbury, Conn., about 1808 

or 1809; married Joshua Mead; settled in 
Candor, N. T., on the west side of the West 
Owego Creek, about a mile above Flemingville. 
hmxe : 

174. i. Daughteb,* 1 

^ both died 50UDg and before their mother. 

175. ii. Dauohtbr,* ^ 

Mrs. Sarah A. (Stiles) Mead died July 9, 
1834, aged about 26 years, and was buried in 
the Parks Settlement, on the west side of the 
creek, nearly opposite her father's home. 

176. III. Francis,' born at Salisbury, Conn., about 1811 ; was 

a teacher; went to Maumee City, Ohio, and 
died there Oct. 16 or 18, 1836, at about thirty 



THE OOHMiCTiCUT FAMILY. 495 

years of age, " much esteemed and highly prized 
by those most intimate with him,*' and a sin- 
cere Christian. 

177. IV. Marcia Maria,' born at or near Cooperstown, N. Y., 

about May 27, 1814; married Henry William 
Manning. 

178. V. Harriet,' born at Cooperstown, N. Y., Sept. 10, 

1817 ; married at Owego, N. Y., Oct. 1, 1840, 
Charles Pixley Goodrich (son of Alanson and 
Mary Pixley) Goodrich. He was born at Tioga 
Sept. 27, 1816 ; resided (1885) in the town of 
Tioga, at Turner's Bridge. P. O. Address, 
Owego, N. Y. Issue: 

179. i. Edoar Goodrich/ born Ang. 24. 1841, in Tioga, N. Y., 

and died there July 17, 1842; buried near the **deep 
well." 

180. ii. Mart Bliza Goodrich.^ bora Jan. 23, 1847, at Tioga, N. 

T., and died there Feb. 7, 1857, and was buried near 
the "deep well." 



181. VI. Mary,^ 



>- twins. 



182. Vn. Eansom Coffin,*^ ) 

Born at Owego, N. Y., September, 1820. 
Mary resided (1885) with her sister, Mrs. Piatt, 
at Nichols, N. Y.; unmarried. Ransom Coffin 
married Martha Huntly. Family 23. 

183. VIII, Eliza Jane,^ born at Owego, N. Y.; married Jona- 

than (son of Hon. Nehemiah and Diantha Wilson) 
Piatt, of Nichols, N. Y., where they settled and 
still (1885) reside. 



496 THE STILES GiltEALOOY. 

FAMILY 13. 

184. Thomas^ Stiles. [l^^J* f ^Va/iCiV Benjamw,^ LieaL 
Francis,^ Beajdmin,^ Francis,^) born at Southbury, Conn., Feb. 21, 
1789; married Sarah Augusta (daughter of Seth and Esther 
Laudon) Newell, of Salisbury, Nov. 26, 1829; they resided at 
Salisbury, Conn. 

Mr. Thomas Stiles died at Salisbury, March 4, 1862,* ae. 
72 years. Mrs. Sarah A. (Newell) Stiles was born May 7, 1795, 
and died 

Children (born at Salisbury, Conn.): 

185. I. Thomas Augustine,' born Aug. 22, 1831 ; married 

an Irish woman, to whom, when he died about 
1873, he willed a property of $80,000. Upon 
proof of mental incapacity to make a proper 
will — the result of long continued excesses and 
use of liquors — this will was set aside by the 
Litchfield County Court. He had but one child 
which died m. 6 months. 

186. II. Sarah Elizabeth,* born July 6, 1835 ; married 

Robert Hall, Oct. 20, 1858. 

FAMILY 14. 

187. Ransom* Stiles, [HO], (Francis,^ Benjamin,* Lieut. 
Francis;^ Benjamin ^^ Francis,"^) born Dec. 29, 1790, at Southbury, 
Conn.; married March 2, 1820, Hannah (daughter of Dr. An- 
drew) Proudfit ; when a lad he went to Kingsbury, Washington 
County, N. T., where later he became a partner with a Mr. 
Bellamy, whose wife (Phebe Stiles, before marriage) was a 
cousin; still later he settled at Argyle, N. T., where he died 
April 20, 1859. 



•1861, ace. Sfwfll Omealogy, page '213. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 497 

Children : 

188. I. Sarah Maria,' born Nov. 4, 1822; married John 

Ashton Pattison, at Argyle, N. Y., Dec. 7, 1842 ; 
removed to Brooklyn, N. Y., where Mr. Pattison 
died May 2, 1885, ee. 68 years ; his widow still 
resides (1888) at 296 Washington avenue, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. Issue: 

189. i. Anna Proudpit,* married Rev. J. E. Hall, resided (1888) 

Cherry Valley, N. Y. ; has three daughters. 



190. 


ii. 


Emma Gabdnbr « 


191. 


iii. 


Ransom. 8 


192. 


iv. 


John Habobayb.^ 


193. 


V. 


Georgb Ashton,' married WintoD 

in Brooklyn, N. Y.; has two children. 


194 


vi. 


Sara Stiles. » 



195. II. Susanna Jane,' born May 10, 1826; died Sept. 28, 

1827. 

196. III. Hannah Elizabeth,' born Sept. 20, 1828; married 

(1) Oct. 3, 1855, Rev. John Parry; married (2) 
E. H. Crocker, of Sandy Hill, N. Y.; resided 
(1888) Brooklyn, N. Y. Issue: 

197. i. Susanna* (Parry), married Henry B. Ke«n; resides 

(1888) New York City. 

198. ii. John Elliott' (Parry). 

199. iii. Howard" (Crocker). 

2(X). iv. Ransom Stilb8« (Crocker). 



498 TH£ STILES GEHEALOGY. 

201. IV. Andrew Proudpit," born Dec. 12, 1830; died Oct. 

1, 1833. 

202. V. Susanna R.J born Aug. 1, 1837; died April 14, 

1855. 

FAMILY 15. 

203. David Judson" Stiles, [119], {David,' Benjamin,* 
Lieut. Francis,^ Benjamin,^ Mr. Francis,^) born at Soiithbury, 
Conn., Oct. 16, 1795; married Ann French, Oct. 10, 1821; residen 
in Southbury, Conn., where he owns an iron-mine — and where 
he owns the home-lot, "White Oak," of his first ancestor here, 
w^hose house stood but a little east of that of his descendant. 
Cothren's History Ancient Woodbury, i., 37. Mrs. Anna (French) 
Stiles died at Southbury, 1884, sb 86. 

CJdldren (horn at Southbury, Conn.) : 

204. I. Mary A.,' 

twins. 

205. II. BennetF., 



itwii 



Born June 7, 1822. Mary died Dec. 28, 
1845, m. 22. Bennett F. married Janette A. 
Shelton, April 9, (or 17), 1854; resides (1885) 
South Britain, Conn. No issue. 

206. III. Zephina," born Sept. 8, (5 according to Cothren), 

1828 ; died at Southbury, July 21, 1830. 

207. IV. Ann F.,'' born May 19, 1832; resides (1885) in 

Southbuiy, Conn. 

208. V. Adelaide,' born Jan. 28, 1834; died March 11, 

1853. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 499 

209. VI. Augusta M.,'' born Nov. 6, 1836 ; resided (1885) in 
Southbury. Conn. 

FAMILY 17. 
210. Ephraim' Erastus Stiles, [125], (Ephraim,' Ben- 

,jamin,* Lieut FranciSy^ Benjamin^^ Francis,^) born Oct. 24, 1791 ; 
married Sally Osborn, May 22, 1817. He died at Southbury, 
Conn., April 6, 1858. Mrs. Sally (Osborn) Stiles died at South- 
bury, March 6, 1858, ae. 61. 

Children: 

211. I. Nathan Blaggs,^ born March 24, 1818; resided 

(1885) Southbury, Conn.; farmer; unmarried. 

212. II. Sarah Augusta,^ born May 25, 1822; married 

Melzar Whittlesey, of Galen, Wayne Co., N. T., 
April, 1864 

213. in. Antoinette D.,^ born Oct. 4, 1823; died Dec. 9, 

1838. 

FAMILY 18. 

214. Henry Burke' Stiles, [146], (Benjamin,^ Benjamin,' 
Lieut. Francis,^ Benjamin,^ Mr, Francis,^) born May 15, 1804; 
married (1) Patty Seeley French, Nov. 23, 1831, who died Oct. 
29, (24, Cothren) 1860, sb. 59 ; (jb. 53, Cothren), married (2) Mrs. 
Julia A. Parrott, Nov. 26, 1861. Mr. Henry B. Stiles died at 
Southbury, Conn., 16 (family record 6) 1871, 8b. 66 years, 11 
months, 20 days. 

Children (bom at Southbury, Conn.): 
215. I. Mary Jane,^ born Jan. l4, died July 13, 1833. 



500 THE STILES GEKEALOGf. 

216. IL Mary Janette,^ born July 15, 1834; married James 

G. Curtiss, May 17, 1860, in Southbury, Conn. 
lasut. 

217. i. Hbnbt Stilrs," born March 13. 1861; married Frances 

E. Eyre, Aug. 28, 1884. 

218. ii. Anmib Sblet,» bom May 2, 1862. 

219. iii. Jamxs Quebnset,' born Sept. 13, 1863. 

220. iv. Elubn Euzabeth.b born Sept. 21, 1865. 

221. V. Floba Pbeston,« born Aug. 13, 1867. 

222. vi. Gbobob Smith,* bom Oct. 8, 1870; died June 27, 1872. 

223. vii. Eva MaBia,« born Aug. 26, 1875; died April 10, 1886. 

224. III. Ellen Esther,^ born Aug. 9, 1836. 

225. IV. Alice Marie,' born April 2, 1846. 

FAMILY 19. 

226. Roderick^ Stiles, [149], (Ahel,^ Benjamin,' Liml. 
FrmiciSy^ Benjamin,^ Francis,"^) born at Southbury, Conn., May 
15, 1794 ; married (I) March 4, 1817, Cleora S. Curtiss, of Wood- 
bury, Conn., baptized Nov. 28, 1794, and after her death (Nov. 
27, 1852) resided in Woodbury; married (2) Feb. 24, 1861, 
Hannah Guthrie, of Southbury, Conn., where he resided until 
his death, July 29, 1862. 

Child: 

227. I. Elizabeth A.,' born Nov. 18, 1817; married Charles 
W. Kirtland, Feb. 27,* 1854. Resided (1885) 
at Woodbury, Conn. No issue. 

■^Cothren 210, says Jan. 1. 



THE OONfiECTICVT FAM/LK 501 

FAMILY 20. 

228. Jonathan* Stiles, [154], (Abel,' Benjamw,' Lleiif. 
Francis,^ Benjamin^^ Francis,^) born at Southbury, Conn., Oct. 10, 
1800 ; married Nov. 12, 1831, Nancy Baldwin. He was a farmer; 
resided at Southbury, Conn., and died there March 13 (G. A. 
Stiles' letter says 5), 1882, ae. 81 years, 6 months. Mrs. Nancy 
(Baldwin) Stiles is living, 1885. 

Children (born at Southbury, Conn,): 

229. I. Eansom B.,^ born July 12, 1836; married Anna 

Stillman. Family 24 

230. 11. Walter M.,^ born July 6, 1848; married Susie J. 

Barlow. Family 26. 



FAMILY 21. 

231. Francis* Abel Stiles, |1561, (Abel,^ Benjamin,* 
Lieut Francis,^ Benjamin,^ Francis,^) born at Southbury, Conn., 
Nov. 10, 1809; married (1) Elvira W. Gidiiey, Feb. 10, 1840; she 
died Feb. 11, 1845; married (2) Frances M. Shelton, March 2, 
1846. 

Children (by first marriage): 

232. I. GiDNEY A.,* born Aug. 28, 1842 ; married Isadore 

S. Kendall. Family 26. 

233. II. Eliza Maru,* born Aug. 13, 1851. 

FAMILY 22. 

234. Nathan (J.?r Stiles, [158], (Nathan,' Benjamin,' 
Lieut. Francis,^ Benjamin,'^ Francis,^) born at Derby, Conn., Feb. 



502 TH£ STfLiS GEMEMLOGr, 

27, 1796; married (1) Ann Maria Birch, September, 1819, in 
Salisbury, Conn.; she died November, 1849; marrietl (2) Mrs. 
Jane Johnson, of Lyons, N. T., April, 1851. 

CIdldren (by first wife): 

235. L Nathan Judsox,' bom June 22, 1820; married 

Melissa Plank. Family 27. 

236. IL Henry Birch," born January, 1823; married (1> 

Mary Babcock; married (2) Selover. 

Family 28. 

237. TIL Ransom Birdsey,* bom October, 1826. 

238. IV. Smith D.,* bom February, 1828; married Louise 

Nelson. Family 29. 

239. V. Geor(;e Scriba,* born Oct. 4, 1833. 

FAMILY 23. 
240. Ransom Coffin^ Stiles, [182l,(^5e/vaw/»,^i^ra/*c?V 

Benjamin,^ Lieut Francis,^ Benjamm^^ Francis,^) born at Owego, 
N. T., September, 1820; married Martha Huntley, of Bingliam- 
ton, N. Y., and settled on a farm at Warren Centre, Bradford 
Co., Pa., where he died Aug. 22, 1883, jb. nearly 63 years. 

Children: 

241. I. Charles.' 

242. II. Caroline.^ 

243. III. Lewis Seeley.^ 

244. IV. Helen Mar.'' 



THE CONNECTtCUT FAm/LY. 503 

FAMILY 24. 

245. Ransom B/ Stiles, [229], (Jonathan,^ Abel,^ Ben- 

Jamiiiy* LieuL Francis,^ Benjamin^^ Francis,^) born at Southbury, 

Conn., July 12, 1836 ; married May 18, 1863, Anna (daughter of 

Frederick and Sarah) Stillman, born at Newbern, N. C, July 1, 

1845. 

Child: 
246. I. Emma B.,« born (in N. T.) Sept 6, 1866. 

FAMILY 25. 

247. Walter M,' Stiles, [230], (Jonathan,^ Abel,'' Benja- 
min^^ Lieut Francis ^^ Benjamin,^ Francis,^) born at Southbury, 
Conn., July 6, 1848 ; married, Aug. 28, 1876, Susie J. (daughter 
of Talcot and Emeline) Barlow, who died in 1881. 

Besided (1885) Danbury, Conn.; occupation, furniture and 
house-furnishing goods. 

Child: 
248. L Susie Daisy,« born Aug. 31, 1881. 

FAMILY 26. 

249. Gidney A.' Stiles, [232], (Francis Abel,'' Abel,"^ Ben- 
jamin,* Liexit FrancisJ^ Benjamin,^ Francis,^) born Aug. 28, 1842; 
married, May 31, 1870, Isadore S. Kendall, in Southbury, Conn. 
Mr. Stiles represented the town of Southbury in the State 
Legislature, in 1875. 

Children (born in Southbury, Cann.): 

250. I. Baymond F.,« born Nov. 9, 1870. 

251. IL Edith K.,^ born May 28, 1875. 



504 THE STUBS e£K£ALOer. 

252. III. Clarence G.," born Oct. 15, 1879. 

FAMILY 27. 

253. Nathan J.' Stiles. |2351, (Nathan,'- Naihan,'' Benja- 
man* Lieut. Francis^ Benjamin,^ Francis,^) born June 22, 1820 ; 
married Melissa Plank, of Wolcott, N. Y., September, 1841. 





Children : 






254. 


I. 


Anna Maru. 


s 




265. 


II. 


William." 






256. 


III. 


JUDSON." 


FAMILY 


28. 



257. Henry Birch' Stiles, ( 236], (Nathan,' Xathan,' Ben- 
jamin,* Lieul, Francis,^ Benjaniin^^ Francis,^) born January, 1823; 
married (1) Mary Babcock, of Penn Yan, N. Y., July, 1846, who 

died May, 1853 ; married (2) Selover, at Auburn, N. Y., 

April, 1855. 

Children (by first wife): 
268. I. Albert.^ 
259. II. Daughter,^ died a few weeks old. 

FAMILY 29. 

260. Smith D.^ Stiles, (2381, (Nathan^ Nathan,'' Benja- 
min,^ Lieut. Francis,^ Benjamin^^ Francis,^) born February, 1828 ; 
married Louisa Nelson, of Auburn N. Y., May, 1853. 

Child: 
261. I. Daughter.^ 



THE NEW JERSEY BRANCH, 

OF TEE CONlTECTICnT STILES FAMILY, 

DESCENDED FROM JOHN^ STILES, THE WINDSOR EMIORANT, I^ THE 
LINE OF JONATHAN,^ SON OF JOHNS THIRD SON, ISAAC* 



1. Jonathan' Stiles, [12], {Isaac? John^), see page 40& 
was bom at Stratford, Conn., March 10, 1688-9. President 
Stiles' MS. Genealogy says that he was "called Long 
Jonathan, being six feet, four inches high ;" and, again, speaking, 
in 1760, of the general small stature of the Stiles race, " the 
family, however, produced one Jonathan Stiles, whom I have 
often seen, one of the largest men for stature in New England ^ 
he removed from Stratford to the Jersies and died there a few 
years ago, and since 1764, perhaps at 60." 

The date of his removal to the Jersies cannot be exactly 
determined. His name figures quite frequently, in Stratford^ 
(Conn.) records and in Fairfield Co. (Conn.) records in land trans- 
actions between the years 1705 and 1720. His mark is affixed 
to a mortgage from David Jenkins to Jonnthan Stiles on lands 
in Stratford X39.79, paid March 23, 17 U.— Fairfield Co. Eecords^ 
Vol. n, Pt. II, 350. A deed also, is recorded, December 3, 
1712, from him to Daniel Shelton, which conveys eleven acres,, 
not yet taken up under contract with his " honored father, Isaac 
Stiles." He had taken up twenty-five acres, to wit : Two acres 
at Quorum Hill, (now Huntington), twelve acres north-west of 
Long Hill and one of swamp by Long Hill — leaving eleven 
acres. {Ibid. 394). 



606 THE STILES OEKEALOGY. 

President Stiles {MS, Oenealogy) states that " he removed 
to Hanover, Huntington Co., West Jersey, about 1726 or 1730;" 
and an intention of seeking a new home in that promising field 
of adventure, then known as " the Jersies " — which was at that 
time attracting many Connecticut men — may perhaps be found 
in the recorded deed {Stratford Land Conveyances^ Lib. II, 34) 
of a house, barn, &c., and fifty-nine acres of Land at Oronoke, 
sold by Jonathan Stiles, October 28, 1726 ; although he had 
not left Stratford as late as 1726, when he was one of the 
signers of a deed with the Indians. (Hist., Milford, Ot., 14). 

But, we know that his wife Rebecca died in New Jersey, in 1731, 
so that President Stiles' suggestion that he removed from Con- 
necticut between 1726 and 1730, maybe accepted as approximately 
correct. Again, the History of Morris Co,,N. «/., (published 1882) 
mentions a Jonathan Stiles, who was, in 1726, appointed one of the 
township officers and who died November 16, 1768. This date 
of death seems to identify him with our " Long Jonathan " — if 
so, he must, as early as 1726, have taken the preliminary steps 
towards settlement, if he had not altogether removed there. 
The almost entire absence of public records, at this early 
period, in the Jersies, as well as the cares and distractions 
which durin<^ the early days of any new settlement, tend to 
prevent the keeping of family records, or memoranda, leaves us 
much in ignorance as to the history of Long Jonathan's earlier 
beginnings — and the little we do know, has been picked up 
piecemeal and fitted together like the parts of a puzzle. 

From The Jersey man of Oct. 9, 1885, published at Morris- 
town, N. J., by Mr. Lewis O. Stiles, to whom the descendants 
of Long Jonathan are greatly indebted for much of the informa- 
tion which we have been able to present concerning their 
ancestry and line, we copy the following concerning Morris 
Township, N. J. 

The first minutes of a court in Morris county date back to 
1740 and the first record in the old book bears date March 26 
of that year, and is an act which divides the county into the 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 507 

townships of Morris, Pequannock and Hanover. Before that 
time the whole county was legally known as Morris Township. 

Pequannock embraced the region bounded by "Passaic 
river, Pequannock river to the Great Pond, the Kockaway river, 
the west branch, to the head thereof, thence cross to lower end 
of said pond." Hanover embraced the country bounded by "a 
certain road from the bridge by John Day's up to the place 
where the same road passes between Benjamin and Abraham 
Persons, and thence up the same road to the corner of Samuel 
Ford's fence, thence leaving Samuel Ford to the right hand, 
thence running up to the road that leads from the old iron 
works towards * Succasunning,' crossing Whippany bridge, and 
from thence to Suckasunny and thence to the Great Pond at the 
head of Musconecung." The balance of the territory formed 
Morris township. 

The township of Morris was ordered by the court "to be 
and remain a township, district or precinct, and to be called 
and distinguished by the name of Morristown." Therefore the 
proper designation for this township is "the township of 
Morristown." 

The first deed was recorded in this county in 1785, and the 
first mortgage in 1765. Previous to that the records werQ re- 
corded in Hunterdon county, Morris having been set off from 
that county by act of Assembly of March 16, 1738-9. Morris 
included in its original limits the territory now comprised in 
Sussex and Warren counties, and was named after Lewis Morris^ 
at that time Governor of the Province. 

Hunterdon county was set off from Burlington in 1713, and 
was named after Gov. Bobert Hunter. Mercer county was also 
set off from Hunterdon. The bounds of Burlington county were 
first established in 1694, but were not definitely settled 
until 1710. 

The first record of a marriage in Morris county is of date 
of Oct. 5, 1795. The first will on record is of date of Feb. 
4, 1804 



508 TH£ STILES OEMiALOOY. 

The old law provided for recording the births of slaves 
only. The last record of its kind was in 1 828, of a child whose 
mother was a slave owned by Daniel Cory. 



The following records, subsequent to Jonathan's removal 
to Jersey, show his connection with his Connecticut origin, viz : 
June 20, 1735, Isaac Stiles conveys to Jonathan Stiles, of 
Hanover, Hunterdon County, West Jersey, in consideration of 
twelve acres, a right in two acres of land which said Isaac's 
grandfather Isaac had, etc. Fairfield County Record^ book iv; 
Stratford Land Conveyance, page 208. 

Also, Sarah Cogswell, of Elizabethtown, Essex County, 
N. J., conveys to Jonathan Stiles, of Pequannoc, Morris County, 
N. J., quarter interest in a six acre right of commonage which 
said right is recorded to her by her ** honored father, George 
Searles" — Fairjield County Record, Lib. ix., 66, recorded March, 
1745-46. 

Jonathan Stiles died Nov. 15, 1758 (and is interred in the 
Cemetery of the First Presbyterian Church, at Morristown, N. 
J.), " in his 80 year." according to gravestone inscription; but 
his birth, in 1689 as recorded in Stratford, Conn., Town Records, 
would make him between 69 and 70 years of age at his death. 
As men's ages are frequently over-stated, especially when dying 
in very advanced years, we prefer to accept the Stratford birth- 
record, rather than the gravestone statement. 



WILL OF JONATHAN STILES; Eecorded February 5, 1759, 
IN THE Office of the Secretary of State of New Jersey, in 
Book " G " of Wills, Page 21. 



In the name of God, Amen the second day of October in 
the thirty-second year of his Majestie's Reign King George the 
Second, &c., Annoq. Dom. one thousand seven hundred and fifty- 
eight, I, Jonathan Stiles, of Pequannock, in Morris County 



THE CONNECTICUT FAM/LT 509 

and Province of New Jersey, yeoman, being weak in Body but 
of a perfect disposing mind and memory, thanks be to God for 
the same, calling to mind the mortality of my Body, and knowing 
it is appointed for all men once to dye do make and ordain this 
MY LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT that is to Say principally and first 
of all I give and recommend my sole into the hands of God that 
gave it, and my Body to the earth to be buried in a decent and 
Christian like manner at the discretion of my Ex'r nothing 
doubting but at the general Resurrection I shall receive the 
same again by the mighty power of God and as touching such 
worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in 
this life, I give and dispose of the same in manner and form 
following viz. 

I give and bequeath that all funiral charges and lawful 
debts be paid of mine or contracted by me. 

But whereas heretofore I have given unto my sons Joseph 
& John & Jonathan & Ephram & Thomas & Ebenezer Stiles & 
my Dafter Hanah Smith fifty pounds each. Item I give unto my 
daughter Rebecker Primrose to make up fifty pounds with what 
I have already given her. Item I give un to my son Stephen 
fifty pounds with what he has already had. Item I give 
unto my grand daughter Rebecker Parret five pounds 
and if there be anything left of my estate I give and divide it 
into nine parts equely to give each of my sons and Dafters one 
ninth part except my dough ter Hanah Smith and if she stands 
in need to keep her from being a charge to the Town I order my 
Exetors to pay the aforesaid one ninth part to her otherwise I 
give the abovesaid one ninth part unto my grandson Daniel 
Smith and to his heirs forever. 

I do hereby nominate and appoint my well beloved son 
Jonathan Stiles and my son in law Henry Primrose to be my 
Executors of this my last will and Testament and have hereby 
given them full power, strength and authority to sell and con- 
vey all my lands whatsoever either by parts or the whole at 
once and they or the surver [survivor] of them by vertue of these 
presents to grant Deeds and conveyances for the same, &c. &c. 

(Will provides for what should he done in case of 
death of one executor, and then continues.) 

revoking and disallowing all former wills by me made. 



510 THE STILES OEMEALOOr 

In Witness Whereof I have hereunto set my hand and 
seal the day and year above written. 

Signed sealed and Delivered ) his 

in the presence of V JONATHAN X STILES (L. s.) 

Joseph Wood. John Plume. ) mark 

Probate granted by Gov. Barnard in the usual form Dated 
the 30th November 1758. 

Chas. Kead, Keg'b. 



Jonathan Stiles was twice married— ^r«f, to the widow 
Rebecca Canfield — and, from the date of birth of their oldest 
child (1706) it would appear that this marriage must have 
occurred when he was only sixteen years old. Yet, when we 
consider his great size and probable early maturity, as well as 
the prevalence of marriages at an early age, in the circumstan- 
ces of a new country, this is by no means improbable. Judging 
from the date of the deed executed by his father to him (see 
page 408, arite.) it must have been given him on, or about the 
time of his marriage. Mrs. Rebecca (Canfield) Stiles died at 
" Stilestown," October 23, 1731, in her forty-eighth year. — In- 
scription in Cemetery of IVhippany, N, J,, Presbyterian Churchy 
Morris Co., N. J* 

He married — second, Elizabeth Taylor, widow of his cousin 
Sgt. John Stiles (see Family 5, page 48) of Windsor, Conn. John 
Stiles had deceased in November, 1728, and his posthumous son 
John was born April, 1729 ; and the widow must have married 
Jonathan Stiles somewhere between 1731 (the year of his first 
wife's death) and 1733, in which latter year the Court at Hart- 
ford, Conn., appointed Jonathan and his wife Elizabeth, " for- 

*The oldest heHdstone Inscription In this cismeiery is "Here lyes ye body of John 
Richards, decM. aged 68 years, Deer. 1718.'* Ttie Stiles family headstones are next in order 
oCdate. John Richards was a schoolmaster and gave the ground for a graveyard, the deed 
being duly recorded.— £e«cr« o/ Lewis O. SHUes, 1886. 



THE CONMEtTICUT FAM/tr. 611 

merly of Stratford, then lately of Hanover, in New West Jersey,'* 
to be guardians of this son John, then about four years old. 
The date of Mrs. Elizabeth Stiles' death is not known. 

Children (by first marriage; those thus designated^ recorded 
at Strat/(yrd, Conn., Lib. II., 480, 482, 487) : 

2. I. Joseph,^ (Esq.), bom Oct. 7, 1706 ;* married Comfort 

. Family 2. 

3. II. JoHN,^ born May 8, 1709;* married (1) ; 

married (2) Kachel . Family 3. 

4. ni. Thomas,* born Dec. 13, 1711;* "son of Jonathan 

and Bebecca Stiles ; died September, 1728, in the 
16th year of his age." — Whippany, (N. J.) 
Graveyard Inscription.^ 

5. IV. Hannah,^ (named in her father's will); married 

Smith. 

6. V. Phebe,* born about 1715 ; married Samuel Parrot; 

died at Whippany, N. J., Oct. 25, 1743, in 28th 
year. 

7. VI. Kebecca,^ born Sept. 1^, 1719; married Henry 

Primrose, March 29, 1748. Record First Pres- 
byterian Church, Morrisiown, N. J. The follow- 
ing I find in the graveyard of the First 
Presbyterian Church, Morristown, N. J.: 
"Abigail, daughter of Henry and Eebecah 
Primrose, died March the 1st, 1764, in ye 8th 
year of her age." — L. 0. Stiles. 

t ProB. Stiles' MS. Genealogy, gives the uame of the third son as JonaUum, but mentlODS no 
Thonuu, which, however, as U is given in the Stratford Record, [also, Oothren's History Woodbury, 
Conn., 675] mast be correct. He also says that Long Jonathan had three sont by his second 
wife. 



512 THE STILES OEMEALOOf. 

8. VII. Jonathan,* born 1721 ; married (1) Joanna ; 

married (2) Sarah ; married (3) Dorotliy 

. Family 4. 

9. Vni. Thankful,* born 1722; "daughter of Jonathan and 

Rebecca Stiles ; died August, 1728, in 6th year of 
her age." — Whippany, (N, J,) Oraveyard In- 
scription, 

10. IX. EPHRAiM/t born Feb. 12, 1723-4;* married 

Family 6. 



Children (by second marriage) : 

11. X. Thomas,* (named in his father's will) ; married 

Abigail Wheeler. Family 6. 

12. XI. Ebenezer,* born about 1733;* married . 

Family 7. 



13. XII. Stephen,* (named in his father's will). 

14. XIII. Isaac,* "son of Jonathan and Elizabeth Stiles," 

died 8B. 10 years, 2 months, June 4, 1746. — 
WTiippany, (N. J,) Oraveyard Inscription. 



FAMILY 2. 

15. Capt. Joseph^ Stiles, [2], (Long Jonathan,^ Isaac^ 
John^) born Oct. 7, 1706, at Stratford, Conn.; married Comfort 
. He was a man of means and of influence in the com- 
munity; his "ear-mark" for cattle recorded Jan. 28, 1760, in 
Morris County, N. J.; was Overseer of highways, 1766; Nov. 8, 
1769 (according to Minutes of Presbyterian Church, of Morris- 

t Cothren'B Hutonf Andent Woodbury, Coim., 675. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAM/LV 513 

town, N. J., "Capt. Joseph Stiles" was chosen a trustee of the 
Church, and served as such until his death, when at a meeting 
held Sept. 16, 1777, Jonathan Stiles was chosen in his place. 
As a trustee of the Church, he was one of that body, which, 
Jan. 12, 1767, met and " gave Leive that a School hous might 
be Built on the Green, near whair the old hous nowstandeth" — 
which was the origin of the Morris Academy. — (Eev. Rufus S. 
Green's Account of Morristown, in History of Morris County). 

He was a Captain in the Revolutionary Army, and died 
"of fever" Dec. 2, (according to Chnrch Becord) 1776. In these 
records, as also on his gravestone, (First Presbyterian Church 
Graveyard, Morristown, N, J.), he is styled "Esq." 

Mrs. Comfort Stiles was a communicant of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Morristown, 1743-1756, and died June 
17, 1786, 8B. 76 years — (First Presbyterian Church Graveyard 
Inscription). 

Children (Dates marked thus, * from graveyard inscriptions, 
First Presbyterian Church of Morristown) : 

16. I. Joseph,"^ born ; married . Family 8. 

17. II. Silas,' baptized March 24, 1745; died June 13, 

1746, 8B. 1 year, 7 months.* 

18. III. George,'' died June 12, 1746, as. 4 years, 3 months. 

19. IV. George,' baptized Feb. 14, 1748. 

20. V. StLAS,* baptized June 3, 1750;* married Sarah 

Cignes. Family 9. 

21. VI. CoMFORT,=^ baptized Jan. 21, 1753. 



514 THE STILCS GENEALOGY. 

FAMILY 3. 

22. Capt. and Deacon John* Stiles, [3], Long Jonathan,^ 
haac^ John,^) born at Stratford, Conn., May 8, 1709; married 
(1) ;* married (2) Rachel . 

Capt. Stiles was a deacon in the Church at Parsippany, N. 
J., resided at Stilestown, Morris County, N. J.; after death of 
his first wife he removed to Morristown, and Nov. 8, 1759, was 
chosen by the Elders of the First Church of Morristown, as one 
of the trustees, in place of Charles Howell, deceased. He died 
May 17, 1777, as. 68, of small-pox, and was buried in the 
Parsippany Church Graveyard. The fact of his having died 
during the Revolutionary war and of small-pox — traditionary 
among several branches of his descendants — happened to be 
** the connecting link" which eventually led to the indentification 
of his connection with the line of his son Ashbel. 

Mrs. Rachel Stiles was admitted to full communion in 
the First Presbyterian Church of Morristown, N. J., July 5, 
1745. "Elder of the Church" is inscribed upon Capt. John 
Stiles' gravestone. 

Children : 

23. I. Enos,' baptized June 29, 17 iS.— Records First Pres- 

byterian Church, Moi^istown, N. «/., and men- 
tioned, 1764, in his father's ledger account. 

24. II. Samuel,' ; married . Family 10. 

25. III. JoHN,^ born about 1753 ; married Mary Sanford. 

Family 11. 



* Stephen H. Stiles, In a letter dated Dec. 21, 1885, pays: ** The mother of Job and Aaron 
Stiles whose name was Lydia, died when they were small, and they were bound to a cruel task- 
master. Aaron at the age of 18 was glad to enlist In the Revolutionary War." 



THE CONNECTICUT FAM/LY 515 

26. IV. Eluah,'^ born about 1745 ; married Betsy KitcLell. 

Family 12. 

27. V. MosES,=^ bom March 22, 1756 ; went Sojjth, and died 

Aug. 3, 1776, 8B. 20 years. — (Parsippamj Grave- 
yard, N, J.) ; possibly the Moses Stiles who was 
one of the . 180 inhabitants who signed, May, 
1776, the " Articles of Association of the Free- 
holders and Inhabitants of Pequonuck, in the 
County of Morris, pledging themselves to sus- 
tain the action of the Continental and Provincial 
Congresses in defending the Constitution." — 
Neiu Jersey ^Archives, x. 716. 

28. VI. Phebe,^ baptized Dec. 8, 1745 (probably twin with 

Elijah) ; married George Bowlsby, Sen., (his first 
wife — he had issue by both wives). Issue: 

29. i. Lbyi,<' died nnmarried. 

3U. ii. JoHN.A married Jeaoette Qilohrist, of Charlton, Saratoga 

Co., N. T.; had children (1) Nancy; (2) Jane; 3 Levi ; 
(4) Eliza; (5) Alexander; (6) Cornelia. 

31. iii. Eno8.« 

32. iy. Qbobob,^ married Phebe Stiles, his cousin. 

33. y. Betty.* married Daniel Ostrom, of Saratoga Co., N. Y. 

34. ^ yi. Polly,* married William Walmsley, of Delhi, Delaware 

County, N. T. 

Mrs. Phebe (Stiles) Bowlsby died at Han- 
over Neck, N. J. Her baptismal record is from 
the Records of First Presbyterian Churchy Morris- 
town, N. J. 

35. VII. Eachel,' ; married Samuel Townsend, who 

died before 1826. Issue : 



516 THE STILES OENEALOGY. 



36. 




i. Welliam.* 


37. 




ii. J0HN.« 


38. 


# 


iii. Ebbnbzsb.* 


39. 




iv. P0LIiT.« 


40. 




V. Phbbb.* 



41. Vni. Job,' born about 1760 ; married (1) ; married 

(2) Hester Green. Family 13. 

42. IX. Hezekiah,^ born Aug. 12, 1761, at Scotch Plains, 

N. Y.; enlisted as a Sergeant in Capt. Lane's 
Company (subsequently Capt. Moss') in Col. 
Jacquis' New Jersey Regiment of Militia, Feb- 
ruary, 1778 ; was a minute man at Elizabeth- 
town, N. J., until August, 1779, acting as guard 
and scouting to watch the movements of the 
British, and to repel invasions, after which 
time he was allowed to follow his regular occu- 
pation on his father's farm at Scotch Plains, 
being only 30 miles from New York City. He 
was frequently engaged in skirmishes, and was 
in the battles of Elizabethtown, Connecticut 
Farms, Springfield, WoodruflF Farms and the 
capture of Cuckoldtown Fort, on Staten Island. 
After the latter event he was in an expedition 
which crossed on the ice at Staten Island, to 
drive off British marauders, who not only com- 
mitted depredations on the Island, but har- 
assed the people in New Jersey. Two years 
after the war he removed to New York City, 
where he remained two years ; then removed to 
Columbia, Hamilton County, Ohio, where he 
resided in February, 1833, being then 71 years 
of age. He was alive in 1840 — United States 



THE CONNiCTtCUT FAMILY. 517 

Pension Office Hecords, No. 19,746. His pension 
papers distinctly state that he was a brother of 
Elijah Stiles. 

43. X. Aaron,^* born about 1762; married . Family 14. 

FAMILY 4. 

44. Jonathan^ Stiles, Esq., [SKLong Jouaihon,^ Isaac;^ 
John,^) born (probably at Stratford, Conn.,) 1721 ; renewed his 
covenant with the Presbyterian Church at Morristown, N. J., 
Jan. 3, 1755 ; communicant July 5, 1765. Upon the death of 
his brother, Capt. Joseph Stiles, who had been a Trustee of the 
Church since 1759, he was chosen to fill the vacancy, at a meet- 
ing held Sept. 12, 1777. In April, 1796, he was one of a com- 
mittee appointed to finish the new edifice of that Church ; and 
was one of 31 citizens of Morristown who responded to the 
appeal made by the Trustees of the College of New Jersey to 
the Presbyterians of the Colony for the annual expenses of that 
institution, endorsed by the sessions of the several Presbyterian 
Churches. The sum contributed at Morristown was £140.0.5 
of which Jonathan Stiles, Esq., contributed £1.15.0. Rec. 
let Pres, Ch,, Morristown, N. J. He was Assessor of Morris 
Township (now Morris Co.), 1773, 1774, 1775 ; and overseer of 
highways, 1759, 1760, 1762. He was, at one time, High Sheriff 
of Morris County ; also, one of the County Judges, and one of a 
body " of respectable freeholders and inhabitants " who met in 
the Court House at Morristown, June 27, 1774, to protest 



* We bellere tbese three brothers to have been the children of CAptala and Deacon John 
Stilee, for the following reasons, viz : (1) Hetekiah, born 1761. ia known, from his pension papers* 
to haye been a brother of Elijah (probably the number 26, aboye, and (2) Job was certnlnly the 
brother of Aaron, for Mr. Stephen Hathaway Stiles, of West Rnrllngton, Bradford County, Pa., 
says: " This Job was my grandfather (Aaron's) brother. This I cannot be mistaken about 
because I have seen him when he was visiting my grandfather, while I was a very small boy. 
He then lived in Ridgebury, Bradford County, a distance of 18 or 20 miles from my present 
residence. He came on horse-back from his homo at Ridgebury, a distance of 80 or 90 miles, 
and my grandfather (Aaron) returned the visit in the same way. He had two sons, at loAst, 
whose names were Daniel and Kinney. 



518 THE STILES GEHEALOOY. 

against the oppressions of King George, and to pledge their 
support to the patriot cause. He was, at that time, appointed 
one of the nine delegates to attend a State Convention to be 
held for the purpose of electing delegates to a ** General Con- 
gress," which was afterwards held at Philadelphia. He was 
himself elected a delegate to the Provincial Congress, from 
Morris County and attended its sessions in May, June and July, 
1775, (Mitntfes of the Provincial Congress, and Council of Safety 
of New Jersey, 1776-1776;) pp. 13, 48, 104, 169. 

He married ( 1) Joanna , who owned the covenant, with 

her husband, in the First Presbyterian Church of Morristown, 
Jan. 3, 1755, (being " half-way members,") and who died Sept. 

17, 1781, " of fever," te. 53 (Morristown Pres. Ch. Hec.) though 
her gravestone inscription says Sept. 15, and gives her age as 58). 
He married (3) Sarah ,who died Feb. ',1802, ib. 70, of con- 
sumption. (Rec, 1st Pres, Ch, and also gravestone inscription, 
Morristown, N, J,) : he married (3) Dorothy , who died Jan. 

18, 1804 ; »*of a hurt and fever," ». 68.— Rec, 1st Pres. Ch., M, 

Jonathan Stiles, Esq., died of old age, Oct. 6, 1806, ae. 85 
years— y^ec. 1st Pres. Ch. M. His will, dated Dec. 7, 1802, wit- 
nessed Oct. 15, 1806 ; recorded Lib. A, 123 of Probate Rec. 
Morris Co., N. J., gives his wife Dorothy £40 York money, son 
Timothy £100 and to Timothy's two elder daughters, Mary 
and Johanna <£100 ; " also, to Mary Stiles, my cubboard ; to Sarah 
Stiles, my daughter-in-law, and her two daughters Elizabeth 
and Gitty Stiles, one half of one half of my estate share alike ;" 
to grandson Chillion Ford the other half, in case of whose death 
it was to go half to his mother and two sisters and half to his 
uncle Timothy Stiles. Jonathan's children to have an equal 
sum. His brothers-in-law, Israel Bickey and Sylvester D. 
Bussell, sole executors. 

Children (bom in Morristoion, N. J.) : 
45. I. Timothy,* baptized Jan. 3, 1755 ; married (1) Anna 



THE CONNECTICUT FAM/LT. 519 

Carter ; married (2) Damaris Cramer. Family 
15. 

46. n. Jonathan,'* baptized Oct. 26, 1755 ; married (1) 

Eleanor Carter ; married (2) Damaris Cramer. 
Family 16. 



FAMILY 5. 

47. Ephraim* Stiles, [10] (Long Jonathan,^ Isaac,^ John,^) 
born, probably at Stratford, Conn., Feb. 12, 1723-4 ; settled in 
Stilestown (now Montville) Pequannoc Co., N. J. (Letters of H. 
W. Crane, of Boonton, N, J,); married (1) Rebecca Halsey, of 
Stilestown, who died March 12, 17 59y2e. 28, (hi sa-iption in Parsip- 
pany graveyard says, March 14, 1758 ; there being only one 
earlier date in the graveyard, viz., 1756). He married (2) Hannah 
(or Ann) Farrand, who died Jan. 20, 1777, in 41 year ; — Parsip- 
pany Pres, Ch, graveyard imcription, which calls her " Anna." * 

Mr. (or, as he is sometimes called. Deacon) Ephraim Stiles 
died Aug. 4, 1768, se. 45 years — Parsippany Pres, Ch, graveyard. 

Children (by first marriage*) : 

48. I. Elizabeth,^ born April 28, 1755. 

49. II. Levi,' born Aug. 11, 1756, killed by the fall of the 

first Liberty pole erected at Newark, N. J. 

50. III. Moses Halsey, born Feb. 11, 1758 ; married Abigail 

Terry. Family 17. 



* His great grandson Levi, of Hartford. Conn., Is authority for the following whim of this 
Ebenezer : tIz . that he had the bodies of his wives burled with heads together, feet dlTerglug 
one from theother, thus A, while his own body was Anally laid, by his directions, across their 
heads, th us "TT. Unfortunately for the probability of this tradition, his great grandfather. 
Bphralm, died before his second wife. Possibly ihe story Is true of some other ancestor- 
many of whom, In this line, were twice married. 



520 THE STILES OEMEALOGY. 

51. IV. Anna/ born March 11, 1759, died April 27, 1826. 
(By second marriage) : 

52. V. Eebecca,' born March 21, 1761. 

53. VI Ephraim' born Dec. 15, 1762; married Hannah 

Dixon. Family 18. 

54. VII. Susannah,, born Sept. 25, 1768. 

FAMILY 7. 

55. Ebenezer^ Stiles. [2], (Long Jonathan,^ Isaac,^ 
John,^) born in Stratford, Conn., 1726; possessed much force of 
character and was an active and enterprising business man. His 
ledgers, now in the hands of Lewis O. Stiles, of Morristown, N. J., 
show that his trade was that of a blacksmith, but his business 
gradually extended until he carried on very extensive iron-works. 
In 1768, he was a partner, with Silas Moore and Jedidiah Gregory, 
in a " bloomery, or forge," on what is now Brant's Paper Mill 
Pond, at Morris Plains, N. J., which they purchased of the 
estate of John Estill, dec'd. He appears, also, on the Fairfield 
Co, (Conn,) Rec, in a deed, bearing date of 1753, given him by 
" Margery Gilbert, of Bertie Co., North Carolina," widow of 
Jno. Gilbert, conveying her interest in certain lands in Stratford, 
Conn., which she had of her father George Saris. 

He resided at Hanover, Morris Co., N. J., and became a 
commilnicant of the First Presbyterian Church of that plac^. 
May 6, 1781 (Church Records). He died at the home of his son, 
Ebenezer, Jr., on Morris Plains, Nov. 22, 1814, ae. 88 years. His 
will was proved Dec. 23, 1814 ; Lib. B., p. 24, Morris Co. Prob. 
Rec, in which is mentioned a grandson, John Kinney, Jr. At 
the auction sale of his property, shortly after his decease, sev- 
eral slaves were sold, one of whom was purchased by the Rev. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMUY 521 

Samuel Fisher, then pastor of the Morristown Presbyterian 
Church. Mr. Ebenezer Stiles was buried in the graveyard of 
that church. 

He married (1) in New Jersey, Polly (this much uf 

his first wife's name is revealed by entries in his business ledg- 
ers); he married (2) May 4, 1778, Abigail (daughter of 

Conger, and widow of Simon) QobilL (Records of First Prefibyie- 
rian Church, Morristown, N, J,) 

On July 4, 1779, Ebenezer Stiles and wife presented for bap- 
tism three of her "children by [her first husband] Simon 
Gobill, viz.: Abner Gobill, born June 27, 1765 ; Jjuther Gobill 
born May 24, 1770; Calvin Gobill, boi*n March 6, 1773." 
{Gh. Req), 

According to the Ch. Rec, she, therein named as ** the 
mother of Ebenezer and Moses Stiles," died March 10, 1815, set. 
84, which gives us 1731 as the date of her birth ; yet the same 
l*ecord gives the death of Abigail Goble as Dec. 7, 1810, ae. 78. 

Children : 

56. I. Kebecca', baptized Dec. 15, 1756 ; married Feb. 25, 

1773, Caleb Howell. * 

57. II. Hannah,'' baptized Jan. 3, 1760 ; married Aug. 6, 

1761, Asa Bdach. t Issue : 

* Bbeoezer Stllee' ledger shows the following credits to BUns (plrobHbly fathf>r of Cnleb 
Howell, and may have a bearing on the approaching marriage of bis son. 

SiLaB HoweLl Cbedit 

tad 

177Q. 2palr]ewe11s 3 io 

Jan»U. 2 rings 8s, 10 Jacket bottons 88 lid ,.,.. o 6 ll 

Byaring.ls «d 1 6 

1773. 

Feb. 4. Byapair pern 14s0, asetof teacups is 6 o 13 ^ 

Byhlsboock 36 3 10 

40 if 
t The codicil of her father's will gives to daughter Hannah Beach (in addition to fi>rmer 

legacy) "a good feather bed, bedstead, curtains, bed cord under bed, bolster, pillows, oue pair 

pillow cases, one pair sheets and three coTerllds." 

Gives to Phebe Gob le, wife of Simeon Qoble, of Sussex Oounty, and to Elizabeth Brnwn, 

also of Sussex Oounty, S35 each. 



522 THE STILES OEMEALOGr. 

' •'SH. i. John KniifST,* bom Jan. 23, 1779. 

Til). ii. H«NBT.« born March 17. 1782. 

<'»0. iii 8ab4h,« born March 7, 1786. 

61. III. Daniel,' baptized Dec. 20, 1761 ; married Eliza- 

beth Brookfield. Family 19. 

62. IV. Chabity,' " baptized on his [i. e. the father's] own 

account" — Church Records, June 3, 1764; mar- 
ried March 31, 1784, Dayton Talmadge. Isme : 

63. i. EsTHXB C.,< baptized Aug. 29, 1786. 

61. ii. Mart,* (mentioDedin a codicil, date of March 20, 1811, 

in her grandfather's, Ebenezer Stiles, will. 

65. V. Jemima,' baptized Jan. 2, 1767 ; married April 7, 

1785, Jonathan Laidsey ; had child, mentioned 
but not named in her father's will. 

66. VI. Ebenezer,' bom at Morris Plains, N. J., July 24, 

1767; baptized Aug. 23, 1767; married Phebe 
Guerin. Family 20. 

67. VII. Moses,' born April 2, 1771; baptized May 19, 

1771 ; married (1) Hannah Weaver ; married 
(2) Sarah Allen. Family 21. 

68. VIII. Mary,' named in her father's will ; married 



Freeman ; had two daughters, Phebe and Beisy^ 
named in their grandfather's will. 

FAMILY 8. 

69. Joseph^ Stiles, [16], (Capt, Joseph,^ Long JoncUhan,^ 
Isaac ^^ Johif^) born ; married (1) Phebe (in Church 



TH£ OOMMECTICUT F/iHIILY. 523 

Records of her renewal of covenant April 19, 1761, named Han- 
nah) Armstrong, (Ann Strong, or Strouds) Jan. 31, 1760, Morris- 
town Becorde ; married (2) Mary Cooper, who died Oct. 21, 1798, 
fie. 62. 

At time of his second marriage was of New Vernon, Morris 
County, N. J.; renewed his covenant, same day as his first wife, 
(see above) at Morristown Presbyterian Church, as " half-way 
members." 

Children (baptisms from Records First Presbyterian Church, 
Matristown, N. J.) : 

70. I. George," baptized April 19, 1761- 

71. U. John,* baptized March 5, 1763 ; said, according to 

one account, to have married, but died childless, 
and to have resided in Philadelphia. But, 

another account is that he married Nancy , 

and had a number of children, one of whom was 
named Henry ; that he (John) was engaged in 
the lumber business, accumulated a fortune and 
died at age of 45. 

72. III. Joseph,® baptized March 31, 1765. 

73. IV. JAitfEs,® a young man, baptized Aptil 30, 1790. 

Family 22. 

FAMILY 9. 

74. Silas'^ Stiles, [20], (Capt, Joseph,* Long Jonathan,^ 
Isaxic^ John,^) resided and died in Monmouth County, N. J.; was 
one of General Washington's body-guard in the Revolutionary ser- 
vice, and so mentioned in Official Register of Officers and Men of 
New Jersey in the Revolutionary War, p. 769. In the winter of 1779, 
he boarded General Washington, his chaplain and physician, at 
Morristown, N. J. 



524 THi STILES OiMEALdOr 

After the war, he carried a penny-post, and his route=book, 
containing the names of those to whom he delivered papers, etc., 
is still in possession of his great-grand-daughter, Sarah E. 
Stiles, of 74 Race street, Holyoke, Ma^s. 

He was Republican in politics and Baptist in religious 
faith, according to same authority —but the Records of First 
Presbyterian Church of MoiTistoion, N. «/., show that he and his 
wife " renewed the covenant," as " half-way members," with that 
church, April 26, 1772; and he, ^s full communicant, Aug. 
26, 1803. 

He married Dec, 1, 1768, Sarah Cignes (or Ayres), who 
was admitted to full communion in the Morristown Church, 
Sept. 4, 1803 ; she is mentioned in a deed as late as March 25) 
1794. 

Children (horn and baptized First Presbyterian Church Rec^ 
ordSf Morristown, ^. J,): 

75. I. William,* born Feb. 18 (one family account says 11), 

baptized April 26, 1772; married March, 1798, 
Mary BoUin. — Church Records. Family 23. 

76. II. Silas," bor4 Dec. 17, 1790 ; baptized (on wife's ac-r 

count), April 4, 1791. 

FAMILY 10. 

77. Samuel ^ Stiles, [241, Capt. (John,* Long Jonathan,^ 
IsaaCf^ Johiy^) married Margaret Van Droof, and resided at Stiles- 
town, N. J.; was probably the Samuel S. of Morris County, who 
is recorded as having been a private in the New Jersey troops 
during the Revolution. (Official Register, p. 768). He died in 
1804. 

Mrs. Margaret (Van Droof) Stiles died in 1815, 8b. 76, and 
was able at that age to journey on horseback. 



TH£ CONNECTICUT FAMILY, 625 

Children : 

78. I. John,'' ; married Eleanor Tickenor. Family 24. 

79. II. Betsy/ ; married Daniel Vincent of Jersey 

City, N. J. Issue: 

W. i. Mabo^bbt,^ married Wright. 

81. it Habtha,7 married Holmes* 

82. iii. Stbphkn,^ died nnmarried. Key West. 
B3. i^. Sabah,7 married Cassidy. 

84. y. Daniel, 7 died nnmarried ; Key West. 

85. vi. Mabia,^ married Benson. 

86. vii. Helbn,^ unmarried. 

Mrs. Betsy (Stiles) Vincent, died 1832. 

87. m Moses," ; married Ann Palmer. Family 25. 

88. IV. Phebe," ; married her cousin, George Bowlsby^ 

Jr., of Hanover, N. J. ; removed to Court House 
Hill, Ballston Spa, N. Y., and died se. over 90. 
Issue : 

89. i. Mabia,? married a Bradley or, Bradbury; removed to 

Shrewsbury, N. J. 

90. ii. Moses, ^ bom 1801 ; married Bachael Bowley ; was ^ 

civil engineer ; resided at Ballston, N. Y , nntil 
1839 ; removed to Monroe, Mich., in employ of 
Mich. S. B. B., and died 1843. She died 1883, ». 
82; had children bom at Ballston, N. Y. : (1) (George 
W., bom 1826 ; resided in Monroe, Mich., family. 
(2) Dr. William H., bom 1828. (3) Barah Orrila, 
bom 1830 ; married David P. Spalding, of 
Tectimseh, Mich., family. 



526 THE srnes oemealooy, 

91. Hi. Lbti,' acifil engineer, Mich. B. B. B. 

92. iv. EuzABBTH,? married Henry Rector, arobiteot ol tl e 

Old Onpiiol, Albany, N. Y. No isxut, 

93. T. Dakibxj,^ died yonng at Schenectady. 

94. V. Jacob/ ; married Cornelia Byckman. Family 

26. 

FAMILY 11. 

95. Deaoon John" Stiles, [25], {Capt. John,^ Long Jona- 
tlian,^ Isaac^^ John,^ ) bom about 1753 ; was an Elder and Deacon 
in the Presbyterian Church at Parsippany, N. J., for many years. 
He served as a quartermaster during the Revolutionary War. 
Though he was not a pensioner, the U. 8. Pension Office Record 
contains the application, dated December, 1839, of his widow, 
Mary, for a pension. She was then of Pequannock, N. J., and te. 
86 years. She therein states that her husband was Issuing 
Commissary of provisions to the American Militia of Morris 
County, N. J., and was sometimes called Quartermaster. In the 
Official Register of N. J., Men in Revolutionary War, p. 842, 
he is styled " Commissary of Issue.*' He was a man of con- 
siderable property, had a good farm well stocked with cattle, 
and had money at command ; but, through the depreciation of 
Continental currency and the vicissitudes of war he lost a large 
part of his estate. His services were largely under the orders 
of Gen. Winds, and Cols. Seeley and Hathaway. He married at 
Pequannock, N. J., January 1776 (date from pension affidavit of 
widow), MeLTj, (daughter John) Sandford, of Pine Brook, Morris 
County, N. J. 

Deacon Stiles died at Stilestown, N. J., Oct. 23, 1830, Be, 
77 years 2 days ; his will dated Oct. 10, 1825.-1^. (7., 527, 
Morris County Probate Record Mrs. Mary (Sandford) Stiles 
died at Stilestown, Dec. 6, 1843, in 89th year — Parsippany Pres- 
byterian Church Graveyard, 



7H£ CONN£CTICUr FAMILY, 527 

The " Council of Safety " at Princeton, N. J., on May 22, 
1778, ordered that "John Stiles, Jr.. [probably this John,] be 
paid X9 138 9d for attending the GoTernor [Livingston] as 
light horseman from the 9th to 22d of May." 

Ghildre^i : 

96. I. Catharine,* born Dec. 9, 1776*; married Leonard 

Davenport, about 1798. Issue : 



97. 


i. 


John.' 


98. 


ii. 


Abohy.' hat a son, William; resides at Boonton, N. J, 


99. 


iii. 


KZIIA.7 


100. 


iv. 


GSOBOB L.7 



Mrs. Catharine (Stiles) Davenport died May 26, 
1852, ». 77. 

101. XL William," ; married Polly Morrison. Family 

27. 

102. in. JoHN,« born July 20, 1783 ; married Elsie Sayre. 

Family 28. 

103. IV. LooKEY,« (Rachel), born July 12, 1786; married 

Jan. 9, 1806, John Righter. Issue :* 

104. i. Ch^blbs,' born April 1, 1807 ; died March 3, 1810. 

105. ii. Samubl Fbamois,? born Aug. 7, 1809 ; resided in N. Y. 

Gity, died Jan. 5, 1867 ; nnmarried. 

106. iii. Bbtst Maria,? bom April 27. 1812 ; married B. N. 

Coming, M. D., Jane, 1847. She died at New 

* Furnished by Qeo B. Righter, ot Parslppany, H. J. 



\ 



628 THE STILES OBMEMLOOf. 

Britain, Conn., Not. 26, 1872. Dr. C. resided (1885) 
at N. B. laauit: (1) John (Coming); (2) Emma 
(Coming); (3) William B. (Coming). 

07 iv. Cbaelb» AuonsTus,^ bomFeb. 9, 1816; married Eliza* 

beth Doremna. He was a farmer and iron mann- 
factarer at Boonton, N. J., where he died, and 
where she resides (1885); has a family. 

108 T. ADBLI4,' bom Deo. 22. 1818 ; died Oct 16, 1826. 

10^. Ti. William Alsxamdbb,? bom Sept. 1, 1824; married 

Emma L. Shngard. Is (1885) a lawyer at Newark, 
N. J. ; family. 

110. Tii. CHBsm NxwxLL,^ born Bept. 5, 1825 ; graduated Tale 

College ; studied theology, bnt was neTer settled in 
a pastorate ; was for seyeral years agent lor the 
American Bible Society, for the LeTant, traTeled 
for the Society in Turkey, Egypt, Palestine, Meso- 
potamia, and died at Diarbeker, Asia Minor, Dec 
16, 1856 ; unmarried. 
In very early life disclosed a fondness for books and 
made rapid attainments in learning. At the age of 
tweWe was sent to a classical school at Wantage^ 
tinder the care of his uncle E. A. Stiles, where he 
was fitted for college. In March, 1841, he made a 
public profession of religion, uniting with '*the 
Clove '* Church near Wantage, N. J., and he soon 
decided to prepare for the ministry. Entering Tale 
College in the autumn of 1842, he graduated thence^ 
in due time, with honor, and then pursued his 
theological studies at New Hayen and Andover. 
During the latter part of his course of theological 
study, an affection of the eyes, which resisted the 
Ordinary medical treatment, compelled a cessatioD 
from study and rendered advisable a foreign tour. 
Accordingly, in the spring of 1858. he sailed from 
New Tork, visiting England, the Continent, Rome, 
Greece, Constantinople, etc. While visiting at the 
Bible House, in this latter city, he and his com- 
panions were personally appealed to by two 
Armenians, native preachers, to remain in the East 
and devote themselves to the missionary cause, it 
was an unexpected and extraordinary call, and one 
which to Bighter, at least, seemed the call of duty. 



THE CONMECTICUT FAMILY, 529 



After a year of well-spent travel he returned home, 
only to receive from the American Bible bociety an 
urgent request to its then vacant agency in the 
licvant ; au appoiutment, which he accepted, and 
was ordained by the Presbytery of Newark, to the 
work of the ministry. It was u work for which bis 
clear piety, energy, perseverance, zeal and pru- 
dence, his heroic fortitude and high enterprise 
peculiarly fitted him. He left his native laud again 
Sept. 30, 1854, and visitiog London, Paris, Geneva, 
Turiu, Home, Malta and Smyrna, at each of which 
places he held interesting and important counsel 
with the native friends of the Bible cause, he 
reached Constantinople on December Int. The 
Crimean War was then in progress, and though the 
whole Eastern world was greatly disturbed, yet he 
foand that a spirit of enquiry was beginniug to 
stir the people of the country, and that the pres- 
ence of four large armies, of itself, opened a vast 
and interesting field for the circulation of the Bible. 
He was soon, as the agent of the American Bible 
Society, in active sympathy and co-operation with 
the agent of the British and Foreign Bible Society,- 
and others who were supplying the soldiers and^ 
sailors of the British Army and shipping, and the 
sick and wounded in the hospitals. He made a< 
lengthened and extensive visit to the British and 
French armies in the field, securing permission • 
from the authorities for the distribution of Bibles 
among the soldiers and also among the Russian 
prisoners; and he also succeeded in establishing a 
** Bible and Religious Book Depository" at Con- 
stantinople, in which Bibles, ete., in five different 
languages were placed on sale for ihe people of dif- 
ferent nationalities. In 1855, he visited Greece 
and E^i^pt and the Holy Land, to enquire into the 
condition of those eoantries with reference to the 
Word of Life, and te>> provide for the supply of their • 
destitution as fni as it' could be done. From this ^ 
trip he returned im the Spring of 1856 and spent ' 
the Summer in Constantinople in the work of^ Bibles- 
distribution, and in perfecting his plans for spread- 
ing it over the East; as also in visiting the military 
hospitals, etc. On Sept. Ist be set out. with Rev. 
Mr. Jones, Secretary of the Turkish Missions Aid 
Society, upon a visit to the interior stations of Asia 



530 THE STILES GENEALOGY. 



Minor. On December 6tbf Mr. Righter was taken 
ill, and with difficulty reached the Missionary 
station at Uiarbekir, Assyria, and the honse of KeT* 
David H. Nntting, M. D., where he was soon snr- 
ronnded with all the care and sympathetic atten- 
tion of a loving Christian family. Despite, how- 
ever, all that could be done for him. he died on 
Dec. 16, 1856, in calm and beautiful submission 
to the will of God; and was buried in the Syrian 
burial ground. His loss was most deeply de- 
plored, not only by his relatives and intimate 
friends but by all those who had made his acquaint- 
ance during his travels and residence abroad, in- 
cluding many persons of high official standing, and 
who all united in the most touching expression of 
their respect for his peculiarly rare and noble char- 
acter. 
The Rev. Samuel Irenseas Prime, D. D., the well known 
author, and editor of the New York Observer, who 
was his associate in much of his foreign travels and 
was very intimate with him, has gracefully em- 
balmed his memory in a little volume, entitled: 
"TAe Bible in the Levanf; or, Tht Life and Letters of 
the Reo. C. N, Righter, Aijerd of the American Bible 
Society in ihe Levant,** * in which he says: "Righter 
was a genial, warm-hearted, noble young man. A 
good scholar, a fluent speaker, ready in conversation, 
full of ardor, enthusiasm and energy, buoyant and 
hopeful, never doubtful or afraid, never sick or 
weary, with exuberant spirits and inexhaustible 
powersof en joy men tor suffering. * • What was to 
be done, he was ready to do; what was to be home, 
he was ready to suffer. Prompt in his decisions, 
tenacious of his purposes, self-satisfying and oblig- 
ing. * « « His principles of right and wrong 
were intelligently settled. Religion was a well- 
spring of life and joy in his soul. In all places and 
times he was the same earnest, outspoken, unifoim 
Christian; never obtruding his opinions on those 
to whom they were not due, but never ashamed, 
afraid or unable to give a reason for the hope that 
was in him. Yet he was modest with all his self- 
reliance, gentle ^vith iron firmness, easily to be en- 
treated, while he was bold as a lion." 



* Published at New York, by Sheldon k Oo., 1869. Umo. 336 pp. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 531 

Dr. Prime always felt that on one occasion (at Nablons, 
in Syria) when surrounded by hostile, or treacher- 
ous Bedoains, he owed his life to Mr. Bighter's 
bold and impetuous interposition. 

We close our too brief account of this noble young man 
by an extract from a letter written by the Hon. 
Carroll Spence, U. S. Minister to Turkey, dated 
Constantinople, Jan. 7, 1857: ** Although his stay 
here has been short, his efforts in behalf of Chris- 
tianity have been untiring, and the good he has 
done here by the distribution of the Word of God 
will remain behind him as a monument of his 
pious exertions, and will, as it develops itself in 
coming years, keep alive his memory in the recol- 
lection of thode who were witnesses of his Christian 
labors." 

111. viii. Gbobob Bdoab,? born Jan. 10, 1829; married Mary 

Augusta Mnlford, Jan. 8, 1862, who died Nov. 4> 
1879. Mr. Bighter still (1887) resides at Parsip- 
pany, N. J. Issue: (1) Irving, born July 14, 1863; 
(2) Clarence, born Feb. 16, 1866; (3) Mary, born 
April 10, 1869; (4) George Chester and Arthur Har- 
rison (twins), bom July 12, 1871. Is a farmer. 
Besides (1888) at Parsippany, N. J. 
Mr. John Bighter died at Parsippany, N. J., June 8, 
1857. Mrs. Lookey (Stiles) Bighter died Feb. 21, 
1882, at Parsippany, N. J. 

; married John K Jacobus* Jan. 9, 



xxia. f. 


1806. lame: 


113. 


i. 


Abchibald.^ 


114. 


ii. 


Mabt Ann.' 


116. 


iiL 


BULOF.' 


116. 


iv. 


Mabt Ann,^ (2d). 


117. 


V. 


BULOF,' (2d). 


118. 


vi. 


Habbibt.^ 


119. 


vii. 


William. 7 



*>32 THE STILES GEMEALOGY, 

120. viii. SaiuhC.7 

121. ix. J. Stiles.' 

122. X. Emm4.' 

123. VI. MosES,« born May 15, 1794, at Parsippany, N. J.; 

married Elizabeth G. Burnett. Family 29. 

FAMILY 12. 

124. Elijah^ Stiles, [26] {Capt. John,' Long Jonathan,'' 
Isaaci^ John,^) born May 21, 1743, O. S.; married Betsy Kitchell, 
born Nov. 1, 1743. 

Is probably the Elijah recorded as a private in the Conti- 
nental army (Official Register of ^ew Jersey Troops in Revolutioiiy 
291, 768); was also in the militia.* 

Elijah Stiles died at Hanover Neck, N. J., Jan. 21, 1826. 
Mrs. Betsy (Kitchell) Stiles died Oct. 26, 1812. 

Children : 

125. I. Eunice,^ born Feb. 14, 1769. 

* Elijah STILES, from his afflrlAvit la U. S. Peruion Office, "In February, 1833. was of War- 
rea Co., Ohio; for many years previously had been a resident of Hamilton Co., Ohio; aged 74 
years on March add previous, (born March Q2, 1758); he enlisted at Ellzabethtown, N. J., in May 
1777. under Oapt. Morrel, In Ool. Oliver Spencer's Regiment; was a minute man for two years 
and upwards, on active duty, guarding, scouting and skirmishing with British foraging par- 
ties, was In battle at Amboy and Monmouth, at Puckanny and Qulbbleton and Lyon's Farms; 
was also employed In erecting the breastworks at BUzabethtowa Point, during which he was 
repeatedly under the enemy's fire. Dnrlng the war was living with his father at Scotch 
Plains, Essex Co., N. J., and when 22 years old he wentto Greene Co., Penn., where he remained 
Uyears, then to Hamilton 0>., Ohio, where he resided 20 years; then to Warren Co., Ohio. 
He also lived 8 months In Red Stone Co., Penn., [?] and during that time he performed garri- 
son duty in a fort. 

WebellevethlsEllJah to bethesameas theoneabove given (son of John) yet there are 
some dlfflcultlMto be met with In proving identity. The date of birth (1758) given In the pen- 
sion affidavit might be accepted In preference to that given at head of this page and on page 
515 (*' about 1745 "); but the date of death (1826) above given, and at Hanover Ne^, N. J., does 
not tally with the fact that he was living In 1833 In Warren Co , Ohio I Yet Hezeklah, No. 42> 
page 576, claims this Elijah as his brother In his own pension afDdavlt. 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMILY. 533 

126. II. Patpy,^ (Martha), born Sept. 5, 1770. 

127. III. Calvin,^ born Oct. 3, 1772. 

128. IV. Mary,'^ born Aug. 21, 1774. 

129. V. Lydia,« bom Jan. 23, 1776. 

130. VI. Ephraim Price," born Feb. 4, 1778 ; married Anne 

Williams. Family 30. 

131. VII. Rachel,* born Jan. 24, 1780. 

132. Betsy,* born Sept. 3, 1783 ; married Dec. 27, 1804, Hugh 

P. Ross, and died June 7, 1815. 

FAMILY 13. 

133. Job** Stiles, [41] (Capt John,^ Long Jonathan,'' 
Isaac^ JohUy^) born about 1760 (Pemion Affidavit): was a 
veteran Revolutionary soldier and Indian fighter. The U. S. 
Pension Office contains his application for a pension, which was 
granted him, and from which we learn that he enlisted at 
Morristown, N. J., December, 1776, with Capt. Wade, in Col. 
Martin's N. J. regiment, and was discharged June 7, 1777, at 
Newburgh, N. T. He was engaged in the battle of Long 
Island, Aug. 27, 1776 (probably on a previous enlistment, 
with Capt. Bates, in Col. Martin's regiment, from June to 
December, 1776); also in those of White Plains, N. T., October, 
1776; Brandywine, 1777; Germantown, October 4, 1777; Tren- 
ton, December 26, 1777; Princeton, January 3, 1777, Monmouth, 
June 28, 1778. [The Official Hosier of N. T. troops in the Conti- 
nental Line, gives him as "private First Battalion, second es- 
tablishment; Corporal, Capt. Mead's Co., First Regiment."] 
From the Annals of Binghamion, N, Y,, by J. B. Wilkinson* 
page 23, note^ and page 27, we quote the following record of his 
Indian experiences: 



534 TH£ STILES GENEALOGY. 

" It will not be thought improper here to introduce an an- 
ecdote of a veteran soldier, Job Stiles, of this campaign, (Sulli- 
van's Indian Expedition, 1779). He is an aged man, now living 
in Ridgebury, Pa., a little off from the valley of the Chemung, 
but within our historic range. He loves to tell the story of his 
warlike deeds, which were many indeed and brave. He 
enlisted into his country's service when only about 
seventeen years of age, in the commencement of the war, 
and served bravely through it. While the army was 
passing up the river from Wyoming, a little above Towanda, 
when it was nearly or quite dusk, Stiles, with three other 
men, Andrew Burnet, of Whippany, N. J., one Murphy, 
and one Butler, were together, detached somewhat from the 
main army. They heard a strange noise upon their left hand, 
which they were about to let pass as the hooting of owls. But 
Murphy stopped his comrades and said, in a low tone, * these 
are not the noises of owls ; there are Indians near us.' Upon this 
lie proposed that his three companions remain where they were, 
but concealed, while he should go back some distance, and rise 
the hill in the direction toward the hootings which they had 
heard. The device succeeded, for the little noise made by him in 
rising the hill, the Indians, who proved to be three in number, 
hearing and not being able to discover any object, their fears 
were the greater ; they ran precipitately down almost upon the 
three men that lay concealed, and these singled each his Indian, 
fired, and killed the three." 

" Job Stiles was also one of eight men, under a sergeant, 
sent to Gen. Clinton by Gen. Sullivan, when he arrived at Tioga 
Pt., to let him know the route up the Susquehanna to Chenango 

Kiver, then up to the ; thence easterly to 

the outlet of Otsego Lake. He says they were about or nearly 
two weeks in performing the journey ; that, in consequence of a 
continued and drenching rain, which continued nearly all the 
time, their provisions were nearly all spoiled, which obliged 



THE CONNECTICUT FAMiLY. 535 

them to throw them away and depend upon the roots and ber- 
ries of the forest and what game they might chance to meet 
with. These all proved but scanty resources. They came near 
famishing. One of their number they were obliged to leave 
near the forks, in consequence of his sickness and exhaustion. 
They built him a little cabin and a fire and, painful as it was, 
they were obliged to leave him to his fate. The letters for 
Clinton, which were two, they kept rolled in two handkerchiefs 
during the saturating rains and under their armpits, one carried 
by the sergeant and the other by Stiles. When they arrived at 
Clinton's Camp, and even for days before, they were so en- 
feebled that they could scarcely travel. When the generous 
and provident