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Full text of "The story of the 'Domus Dei' of Portsmouth, commonly called The Royal Garrison church"

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By H. p. WRIGHT, M.A. 


Nihil scriptiim miraculi causii. 




THE soldier's TlXfE FKIEND, 









As early as the time when Lord Frederick Fitz-Clarence 
was Governor of Portsmouth, the restoration of the Garrison 
Church was talked of ; but nothing was then done, as that 
highly esteemed olScer soon after left Portsmouth (1851) for 
India. In due time Lt.-Gen. Lord AVilliam Paulet, g.c.b., 
became Governor, and then, through the active exertions of 
the Reverend J. E. Sabin, Senior Chaplain of the Garrison, 
Sir J. Wm. Gordon, k.c.b., Commanding Ptoyal Engineer, 
Colonel Shadwell, C.B., (,)uarter-j\laster-General, and Captain 
Molesworth, R.E., Executive Officer, sui:)ported by the gene- 
rous nobleman at the head of the Garrison, that restoration 
was determined on, which has now I am happy to think, after 
a labour of eight years, drawn so near completion. But if 
Lord Wm. Paulet gave so liberally, and for nearl}^ six years 

laboured so strentiously as Chairman of the first Committee, 
in Lt-Gen. Viscount Templetown, kc.b., the present Gover- 
nor of Portsmouth, and Chairman of the Military Committee 
appointed by the Secretary of State for "War to arrange the 
interior of the Church, tlie work has found a very able and 
large-hearted supporter. Indeed, from the General down 
to the private soldier, the Garrison has from the first taken 
the liveliest interest in the preservation of our ancient and 
highly valuable ecclesiastical relic. 

!N"or has the Navy been forgetful of a Church so long 
used by the Eoyal Marines, in and around which lie the 
remains of so many distinguished naval officers. Admirals 
Sir Henry Chads, g.c.b., Sir Michael Seymour, G.C.B., Sir 
Thomas Pasley, Bart., g.c.b., G. G. Wellesley, c.b., and Major 
Generals Alexander, K.M.A., c.b., and Schomberg, r.m.a., c.b., 
were active members of the Committee, and, with other 
leading officers of the sister service, furthered the restora- 
tion in every possible way. 

And so also did the citizens of Portsmouth, among 
whom must be especially named, E. W. Pord, Esq., Mayor 
of the Borough, when the great Eestoration gathering took 
place on the 8th of August, 1865, in the Guildhall, W. G. 
Chambers, Esq., j.p.. Captain McCoy, J.P., and C. B. Hellard, 
Esq., who, as members of the Executive Committee, rendered 


valuable assistance by their ready enterprise and sound 
practical advice. 

It, however, signifies little who did the work, let 
the glory be entirely and solely to God, who moved the 
faithful to do it. 

As to the " Story of the ' Domus Dei,' " for that I 
must hold myself alone responsible ; and I do so with 
confidence, because, I feel certain, all who know the 
difficulty of avoiding errors when writing the history of an 
ancient building will deal kindly with me, if I assure 
them that I have taken all possible pains to be accurate. 
I am thankful to say that I have found some very kind 
friends who have greatly Kghtened my labors. To Sir 
Frederick Madden, k.h., the leading arcliseologist of his 
day, I owe very much, so I do to the Eev. Mackenzie E. 
C. Walcot, B.D., F.s.A.., the Eev. C. Collier, m.a., and F. I. 
Baigent, Esq., of Winchester. They liave rendered me 
s.ervices for which I can never sufficiently thank them. 
Nor must I forget my respected friend B. J. Jeffery, Esq., 
of the British Museum, whose able and continuous exer- 
tions to help me have been only the more acceptable, 
because they were always so heartily rendered. I also 
owe a debt, I may say a great debt, to Mr. Ubsdell, of 


Portsmouth, who provided me with many rare and inter- 
esting sketches, and not a little valuable information. 

It only remains for me to add that, throughout 
the restoration of the " Domus Dei," the Committees have 
received the kindest consideration and support from the 
Secretaries of State for War, the Marqids de Grey and 
Eipon, K.G., and Lord Co,rdwe.ll, from H. E. Highness 
the Duke of Cambridge, e.g.. Commanding in Cliief, and 
from the Eev. G. E. Gleig, m.a., Chaplain Gene]-al of tlie 

Portsmouth can glory in possessing the oldest military 
Church in the world, and a very remarkable example it is of 
pure early English Architecture (A.D. 1212). The memorials 
in this now beautiful " Domus Dei," tell of heroes who 
have rivalled the brightest deeds of chivalry, and the army 
may well be proud of a restoration in which it has taken 
such unceasing interest. 


Portsmouth, February, 1876. 

Note— It is due to the subscribers and committee, to state that all 
ornament in the Church has been provided by special gifts for memorials. 
The total cost has been about £8500 (all paid, thank God !), and greatly is the 
country indebted to the world-known architect, G. E. Street, Esq., r.a., for the .. 
skill and care with which he has, through a period of ten years, carried out 
the restoration of " England's Militai-y Cathedi'al." 


The " Domus Dei " Historical Sketcii of 
The Restoration of the "Domus Dei " 
The Restored Church — Its Gifts and its Memorials 
The AUar 
Tlic Organ 
Memorial Stalls 
Memorial Windows 
Funeral Tablets 
The Lectern 
The Pulpit 

Old Colours of Regiments 
Wardens or Masters of the "Domus Dei" 
Old Documents relating to the "Domus Dei " 
Confirmation of Grants by King John 
Confirmation of the Chantry 
The Murder of Bishop Moleyns 
Process held at Portsmouth on April 1st, 1508 
The Deed of Surrender 
Revenue of the " Domus Dei " 
The Old Hospitals of Hampshire, &c. 
The " Domus Dei " and the Fortifications of Portsmouth 










1 17 

1 17 










1. The Garrison Church Restored (Exterior) 

2. The " Domus Dei" (Heiuy Yiii) 

3. St. Thomas's Church (Henry Vlil.) 

4. Seal of the " Domus Dei" 

5. Map of Portsmouth (Henry vili.) 

6. Plan of the "Domus Dei" (Ehzabeth) 

7. Bottle found in the corner stone of the '• Domus Dei" 

8. Landing of Katharine of Braganza 
q. The " Domus Dei " (Charles 11.) 

10. The " Domus Dei" 1717, East view 

1 1. The " Domus Dei " by I. Armstrong, 1730 

12. The " Domus Dei " 1799 

13. The "Domus Dei" 1814 

14. The "Domus Dei " 1826, East view 

15. The " Domus Dei " by Talbot Edwards, 17 16 

16. The "Domus Dei" by Joseph Wakley, 1756 

17. The Garrison Church before Restoration, 1 866 

18. Plan of Garrison Church, 1794 

19. Garrison Church before Restoration (Interior) 

20. Garrison Church after Restoration (Interior) 

2 1 . jNIemorial Windows (Chancel) 

22. Memorial Windows (Nave) 

23. Plan of the " Domus Dei " at the time of its surrender 

24. Plan of the "Domus Dei " 1725 
25. Plan of the "Domus Dei" 1744 

Page 2 



[HE Royal Garrison Church of Portsmouth is all tliat 
remains of the ancieut Hospital, Alaison Dieu or 
Domus Dei, which once occupied a part of the now 
Governor's Green and the ground lying between the south 
side of the church and the ramparts. These Hospitals in 
England were generally founded at seaport towns or near 
the sea, so that they miglit receive ])ilgriiiis and strangers, 
both men and women, on their way to any renowned shrine ; 
and they were usually within the walls of the town with 
the principal population in their immediate vicinity, in 
order that the inhabitants might have assistance in case of 
sickness ; the Brethren, in those days, being for the most 
part the only persons who at idl understood the art of 
Uiedicine. In its original constitution the God's House 
was not purely ecclesiastical, the Master being sometimes 
a layman, sometimes a priest ; but, as a rule, when the 
revenue permitted, the office of ]\Iaster was filled by 
a priest. We find these Hospitals at Sontliampton, 
Portsmoutli, Dover, Arundel, &c., because they were there 
conveniently placed for pilgrims making for the great 


sliriues of Winchester, Ciinterbury, Chichester, &c. They 
iin; generally of the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries^ 
iunl had SI connnon plan ; a long hall with vaulting and 
divided into bays by pillars. At one end was usually a 
l)oich, and at the other invariably a chapel. The central 
])art of the hall was kept free, the occupants being housed 
in the aisles. Beside being Hospitals for the sick and aged 
like St. Mary's Hospital,* Chichester, which preserves its 
ancient arrangement with dwellings or cells in the aisles, 
t'lcy were true Houses of CJod ; the poor, the houseless, and 
the wanderer found a home there ; not with advantage 1 
fear to the community at large, since the gathering together 
of distressed strangers must have tended greatly to spread 
the various contagious diseases, which proved such terrible 
scourges during the middle ages. The government was 
vested in a Master ; Brethren aided by Sisters carried on 
the duties of nursing, prescribing, cooking, &c , while the 
s])i ritual care of the Hospital was entrusted to Priest 

The Portsmouth " Domus Dei " was founded by Peter 
de llupibus. Bishop of Winchester.t The exact time is 
not known, although the year 1205 is commonly given 
by antiquarians. As the founder was consecrated lUshop 
ot Winchester, A..D. 1204, it is clear that the above date is 
too early. There is a charter;): of John, dateil 2nd November, 
l()th year of his reign (12 14) in which the king confirms to the 
Hospital built at Portesmuthe tive messuages in St. Mary's 
street, and five others in Ingeles Street, given Ity charter to 
the Hospital by William (de Wrotham), Archdeacon of 
Taunton ; also a certain land called " Westwode," given by 
charter by the burgesses of Portesmuthe, and 1 5s. rent from 
riichard Ih-itonc, given by Simon Forestarius. Witnessed liy 
Peter, 15isho}) of Winchester, W. Earl of Arundel, SaerEarl 
of ^\'inchester and others. We may therefore fairly conclude 
that the "Domus Dei" was built not long before this confir- 
mation by King John, or about 1212. Dugdale observes under 

* The plan iiiiiy also be seeu in BrowTi's at Stamford, and in Hospitals ivt 
Wells jind Sliorlxirno. 

+ " Doimi.-i plurimas relipiosoruin ronstruxit. \livc sunt nominn domoniui 
quns fiind.ivit llospitalc di- Pintsimic " Matt. Par. Hist. AiikI. Ml. 277. 

X Cak'udariuiii Rnt. Cnii. Jf>li. p. 202. 


tlie ' Portsmouth,' " looter de llupibus founded liere 
temp. Johannis a Hospital called Clod's House, dedicated 
to St. John the Baptist and St. Nicholas."* 

It is worthy of notice that, althou<,di the " Domus Dei" 
has by tradition been dedicated to St. John the Baptist and 
St. Nicholas, there is no ancient document, that I am aware of, 
in which both these Saints are mentioned together. It is 
sometimes designated as of St. John Baptist (in 1283, 1284, 
VMo and 1308), but more frec|uently as of St. Nicholas (in 
1235, 1298, 13U, 13-tO, 1361, 1356, 1376, 1393, 1162, 
1192, &c.) In early times it was simply styled " Domus 
Dei de Portesmuthe," but, what is very strange, in the 
earliest document now known relative to the Hospital (the 
Charter al)Ove noticed) the King confirms land to the Hos- 
pital built at Portsmouth in honour of the Holy Trinity, the 
Blessed Virgin Mary, the Holy Cross, and St. Michael and 
All Angels. We can only suppose that the dedication had 
not then been actually made, and was afterwards altered. 
This also supports 1212 as about the year when "Domus 
Dei " was founded. 

Of the history of the Hospital from its foundation to 
its surrender little is kno^vn. The following are a few facts 
gathered chiefly from registers and papers in the library 
of Winchester Cathedral, in the British IMuseum and the 
Tower, and from the records of the Borough of Portsmouth. 

It is supposed by many that the now Garrison Church 
is an older building than St. Thomas's, the parish church, 
and they base their opinion upon the fact that in the year 
1 229, the parish church is mentioned as the ^leiof church 
of Portsmouth ; and further, they hold that in aU proba- 
bility it was consecrated in that year, for in 1229, .special 
provision was made that the privileges of God's House 
should not encroach on the rights of the parish church. + 
This is altogether a mistake, as St. Thomas's Church was 

* Dugdale ( Edition.) 

t Allen's History of Portsmouth, p. 121. The word is nonce not novcc. 

t See Deed of Amicable Settlement, A.D. 1229. 


not built during the episcopate of Peter de Kupibus nor 
iliiring that of his predecessor Godfrey de Lucy, but was, 
\ve liave every reason to believe, entirely the work of Bisho]) 
IJicliard Toclive between 1173 and 1188. Tlie exact year 
of its consecration I cannot discover, but the following 
notices of the church will bring us near the date. A 
grant we know was made by John de Gisors to the church 
and canons of St. Mary, Southwick, of a place on his 
land named Sudewede " apud insulam de Portesia " (then 
in the occupation of a certain Lucas) 13 perches in length 
by 12 perches in width, for the purpose of building a 
cliapel in honour of St. Thomas t1ie JNlartyr, (" ad erigen- 
dani in eo Capellam in honore gioriosi Marty ris Thornie 
Cantuariensis quondam archipresulis.") Now this John 
de Gisors was contemporary with Eichard Toclive, Bishop 
of Winchester, 1173—1188 and Godfrey de Lucy 1188— 
1 204. Tie also granted a messuage " in villa mea de 
Portesmuthe " (in my town of Portsmouth) " ad repara- 
cionem capelloe Sancti Thomaa " (for the repair of the 
chapel of St. Thomas). In addition to this we find in a 
charter of William, Prior of St. Switlmn, mentinn made 
of a charter of Pdchard (Toclive) Bisliop of Winchester, 
in which he (the Bishop) confirms to the Priory of 
Southwick the chapel of St. Thomas the Martyr, which 
with his consent tliey had hrgitn to build in their Parish 
of Portsea. This is dated 1185.* The church, therefoie, 
in 1185 could not have been completed ; and did we want 
further proof of this, we possess it in the fact that St. 
Thomas's Church is not mentioned in a Bull of Po])e Urban 
III. of that year, confirming to the Priory of Southwick all 
their churches by name. It is then just possible, but not 
very probable, that St. Thomas's Church was not quite 
completed, and therefore not consecrated, until shortly after 
the death of Bishop Toclive. The Churchyard was conse- 
crated by Godfrey de Lucy, a.d. 1196. 

* See Cartulary of Sautliwick Priory iu jio.sst-s.sioc of T. Tbistlethwayte 
Esq. for all the above quotatious. 

DOM us DEI. 

Tlie time thus fixed as about that when St. Thomas's 
was consecrated, well explains the jealousy which soon 
sj^rang up between the parish church and the "Donuis 
Dei ;" for if the Hospital of God's House was built say — 
nearly a quarter of a century after the mother church, we 
can easily understand that the ]\Iaster and Brothers of an 
interesting and influential Hospital would soon invite to 
tliem the fees and legacies of the faithful, and so seriously 
interfere with the monetary prosperity of the parish church. 
This at once caused complaints, and when matters became 
serious the dispute was referred to the Bishop, and was 
settled by tlie following ancient and curious deed : — 

" To all the Sons of Holy Mother Church, Master Alanus he Stokes, 
Official of Peter, Bishop of Winchester, Greeting in the Lord. Be it kno^vn to 
all, that every controversy argued before any Judges, between the Prior and 
Convent of Southwick on one part, and the Master and Brothers of the 
Hospital of God's House of Portsmouth on the other, concerning the parochial 
right of their Chvu'ch of Portsmouth, is amicably settled after this form before 
us : — The said Prior and Convent concede that in the aforesaid Hospital, 
Divine Service may be celebrated, according to the parochial right of their 
Church of Portsmouth, by two priests, only the Rector of the Hospital is to 
be employed if he be a priest ; and if any stranger priest, visiting the same for 
the pui-pose of going abroad, or travelling, shall wish to celebrate, if shall be 
lawful for him to do so ; and they may have two bells, not exceeding the weight 
of the bells of the Mother Church, which shall only ring at Matins, and Masses, 
and Vespers, and for the Dead, and a short None after the ringing of the None 
of the Mother Church. The said Brothers shall not receive the Parisliioners of 
Portsmouth to confession, nor to Communion of the Body of Christ, unless 
any shall be sick and speciallj' ask confession of any piiest of the Hospital, the 
requisite consent of the parish priest being first obtained. They shall not re- 
ceive any stranger to confession publicly in Lent, except the brothers, sisters, 
own family, sick persons lying there, and inmates. Nevertheless if any sti-an- 
ger shall seek advice from any priest of the Hospital, it shall be lawful to 
receive him privately. Moreover on Sundays, and on the eight chief festivals, 
namely, the Birth-day of our Lord, the Epijihany, the Pui-ification, the 
Annunciation of the Blessed Mai-y, the Ascension of our Lord, the Assumption 
and Nativity of the Blessed Mary, and the Feast of All Saints, the aforesaid 
■ Brothers of the IIoN])ital shall not receive the Parishioners of Portsnioutli. If 
however, it shall happen, that any of the aforesaid Parishioners shall come to 


hoar Divine Service on the aforesaid festivals, or on Sundays, at the aforesuid 
Hospital, they shall bo adniittod, and their oftcring, if any he brought, shall be 
restored whole and in good faith to the Mother Church, under the penalty here- 
under expressed, unless the said Parishioners shall have made satisfaction 
on the aforesaid days to the aforesaid Mother Church. 

" Moreover it shall not be lawful for any one of the said Hospital to enter 
ships, in order to give Benediction, or preach, or read the Gospel, but he 
may lawfully beg ahns, the Gospel being read and rites performed by 
the Chaplain of the Mother Church. Moreover the aforesaid Canons concede, 
that the Hospital shall have a Cemetery only for the Brothers and the Sisters of 
the said Hospital, and for the servants and poor persons dying in the said 
Hospital : but we mean Brothers and Sisters in this sense : — those who have 
received and wear the habit there or have bequeathed their estates to the said 
Hospital. Besides, if any stranger shall chusc to be interred in the said 
Hospital, it shall be lawful for them to receive them, but the body shall bo first 
carried to the Mother Chru-ch and mass celebrated there. And be it kno^vn 
that it becomes the Parishioners of Portsmouth to leave their first legacy to the 
Mother Chui-ch, and the Parish Priest shall be bound to bo present at the 
making of the Will of the Parishioners ; for the damage however, that 
the Mother Church will suffer by this concession, the said Brothers of the 
Hospital shall pay to the Mother Church every year twenty shillings sterling, 
viz. : — five shillings at the Feast of St. Michael, five shillings at the Circum- 
cision of our Lord, at Easter five shillings, and at the Feast of St. John the 
Baptist five shillings. And for the greater security the said Brothers, by 
their corporal oaths, the Evangelists being touched, have bound themselves 
under a stipulated penalty, to wit, forty shillings to be paid to the aforesaid 
Prior and Convent, if any penalty be incurred, so that if after the oflfence, 
being canonically warned, they shall not give satisfaction within eight days, 
the penalty incurred shall be paid without contradiction to the said Prior and 
Convent ; which is to be understood alike on the part of the Prior and Convent. 
This Composition is executed in the first year after the decease of Stephen de 
Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, and in testimony thereof the parties have 
strengthened the present deed with their seal ; and the Lord Bishop of Win- 
chester being absent, we by his authority confirm it, and append our seal, toge- 
ther with the seal of Master B., Archdeacon of the same place. These being 
witnesses. Master A. de EUesbunie, Master R. Canon, Master J. de Wallingford, 
R. Dean of Winchester, W. and S. Chaplains of the Ofiicial, Oliver, clerk, 
John, clerk, Adam do Portesie, knight, Andrew, Richard, and Jolm his sons, 
G. dc Basevile, H. de Bui'gh, knights, and many others." 


During tlie life of the noble founder, the Hospitnl 
attracted much the generous attention oi' tiie faithful, and 
after his death, tln-oughout the lotli and l^tli centuries, 
received a variety of valuable endowments and privileges. 
Tlie first gift, that of William de Wrotham, 1 have already 
noted. On the 22nd of September, 8 Hen. iii., (1219) the 
king ordered the Sheriff to give seisin to the Knights Tem- 
j>lars in P^ngland of the land iu Seleburne, which Emeric 
de Sacy left to them " agens in extremis " at the siege of 
Damietta ; reserving to the Brethren of the Hospital of 
l*ortesmuthe a rent of 10s., which the said Emeric had 
given to them before he took journey to Jerusalem ; as also 
the outgoings for one year, which the said Emeric had 
farmed to them in his lifetime. This charter was wit- 
nessed by Peter, Bishop of Winchester.* 

At tlie close of the same year the Sheriff is ordered 
to give seisin to Hugh de Vivonia of the land which 
belong<3d to Aemeric de Sascy in Bertone (Bartone Stacy) ; 
reserving to the said Aemeric or assignee the outgoings for 
one year, and reserving also to the Prior and Brethren of 
the Hospital of Portesmuthe, the land M'hich the said 
Aemeric had granted to them in the same manor, in alms. 
Tested at Winchester by the Justice and the Bishop oi' 
Winchester, 14th of December, 4 Hen. iii. (1219.)t In the 
years 1236, 1253, and 1208, proceedings were instituted 
before the itinerant justices relative to certain property in 
Winchester and Portsmouth, and for the settlement of 
some points at issue between the Master of the Hospital, 
the Yicar of Portesmuthe and the convent of Southwick. 
"In 1252 the Prior of Portesmuthe and others had right 
of common in Kington Wood Co. Dors. J In 1268 a fine 
was levied between Piobert Walerand and Eobert, Gustos of 
the Hospital of Portesmuthe, concerning some messuages 
and 200 acres of laud in Kington Magna and Parva. Tlie 

* Calend. Rot. Clans, p. 401. 
t Calend. Rot. Clans, p, 409. 
+ MS. Harl. 4120. f. 3. 


said Kobcrt Walorand granted to the said Gustos and Breth- 
ren a moiety of the Manor of Laseham in Dorsetshire.* 
A\'e also find tliat chiriiig the reign of Edward I. the Prior 
of CJod's House hi^kl half a knight's fee in Froditon (Fratton) 
luidur Hugh de Plains, of ancient foeffment.t He also in 
conjunction with Jcnxlan de Kyngestone held under William 
Pussell, a quarter of a fee in Wippingham, Tsle of Wight.:}: 
]'>y a deed dated in r272, Richard le Coveror gave to the 
]5rethren of God's House, yearly for ever, three silver 
pennies, out of a piece of land granted by him to the 
convent of Southwick ; and by a similar deed dated 1 270, 
liobert of St. Denis gave to the Brethren four shillings for 
ever, yearly charged upon a house and premises in the 
High Street of Pijrtsmouth, and payable on the Feasts of 
St. jMichael and St. John the Baptist. 

Jn 1283 a writ was addressed by the King to tlie 
Sherilf dated Htli jNIay, directing him to order John, 
Bishdp of Winchester, to surrender to the King the ad- 
vowson of St John 15aptist of Portsmouth.|| A suit was 
commenced in the King's court in consequence, and the 
Bishop presented a petition to the King's council offering 
to give up the manor of Swenstone, (Swainstou, Isle of 
Wight) and liOOO marks, causa imcis, on consideration of 
being confirmed by the King in the manors and advowsons 
of which he was patron.§ The result was a charter dated 
5th Jmic, 1284, granted by the King to the Bishop, giving 
to him the manor of Menes and the advowsons of Mene- 
stoke and of the Hospital at Portesmuthe. For this con- 
cession a fine of £2000 was paid and the manor of 
Swainstone.11 An entry was afterwards made on the Glaus 
Poll of the 2 Pichard ii., (1387) stating that the Bishops of 
Winchester were always seized of the advowson of the 

* Pedes Fin. temp. Hen. iii. f . 76. 
t Te.sta de Neville, p. 234. 
X Testa de Neville, p. 240. 
II Regist. Pontissaia, f. 101. 
{ Regist. Pontissara, f. 179. 
H Regist. Pontissara, f . 19o. 


Hospital, as granted by Edward I. in the 12tli year of liis 
reign. In 1293 a further struggle began. A plea took 
place in the King's bench of the Prior of God's House 
against John Walerand for the moiety of the manor of 
Lasham, with the cliurch which the said Prior held by 
charter of Pobert Walerand, uncle of the said John. This 
was again contested in 1315 and 1819, and the Gustos oi' 
the Hospital received the value of the said moiety in the 
manor of Burghton (P)roughton near Stockbridge) which 
belonged to Adam Plukenet.* 

in the thirty fifth year of Edward I. (1 307) Pobert de 
Harwedone, the then ^Master of the Hospital, obtained a 
grant from the Crown of free warren over land situate in 
Portsmouth, Eroddington (Eratton) and Eeldershe.f In the 
reign of Edward ii. the chantry at the east end of the 
south aisle was founded (1325.) The following story of its 
foundation is highly interesting The Bishop of Win- 
chester (John de Stratforde) confirmed at Waltliani, 8 Kal 
Eeb. (25 January) 1325, letters of William de Harwedone, 
Custos of St. Nicholas of Portesmuthe and Ins Brethren, in 
which they state that by the pious liberality of Joan, sister 
and heir of Alan Plokenot, deceased, lady of Kilpeke and 
widow of Henry de Bohun, they had received many l)enefits ; 
and in consideration that tlie said lady had relinquished to 
the said Custos, and Brothers and Sisters, her right in the 
manor of Berughton (Broughton), they agree to admit to 
their fellowship and maintain a chaplain, to be presented 
by the said lady, who was to assist at the offices in the 
said house, like the other chaplains, and daily recite the 
offices for the souls of the said lady Joan, of Robert de 
Harwedone, formerly Custos, and of the said William de 
Harwedone. This deed is headed '■ Confirmacio Cantarie 
de I'ortesmuthe', and dated Portesmuthe, 2()th January, 
1325.+ The piscina of the chantry is still remaining. 

* Abbrev. Placit. Ptisch. 12 Edward ii. 
t Calend. Rot. Cart. 35. Edward i. p. 38. 
+ Stratford Reg. 1323—1333 fo. 11. 


It would fip]ieai- from an entry in the rent roll of the 
Priory of Southwick 7tli Edward ill. (1338) that for the 
privilege of having this Chantry, " Domus Dei" paid 
to the ^Priory annually twenty shillings — surely a large 
sura! In 1341 Edward iii. confirmed to William de 
Overton in fee, one messuage 1 5 1 acres of land, 25 acres 
of meadow, 64 acres of pasture, 18 acres of wood and £5 
lis. G^d. rent, in the villes of Estdene, Lokerley, and Hole- 
berg, county Southampton, quit from a feefarm rent of £8 
a year ; to be hehl of the Gustos of Domus Dei of Portes- 
muthe as of his manor of Brighton (Broughton) by the 
service of 59s. lOd. a year.* 

And in the year 1349, the King further confirmed 
to William de Overton in fee divers lands in La 
Frenschmore near the manor of Burghton (Broughton) 
granted in feefarm to him by Edmund Arundell, Custos 
of St. Nicholas of Portesmuthe, for the annual payment of 

The Master of "Domus Dei" also petitioned the King 
relative to the thirtieths and fifteenths due from the Hos- 
pital to the Exchequer, and received a favourable answer 
to his prayer. In the year 1380, we find that " the Master 
of God's House of the Town of Portsmouth held freely of 
the Lord of Portsea the manor of Eroddington," " ren- 
dering yearly at the Feast of St. Michael, one pound of 
pepper and one pound of cummin, doing suit of court 
Irom three weeks to three weeks, paying a heriot, and 
giving a relief after the death of each tenant."+ In right 
of this manor the Master claimed, as the mesne lord, 
a fine on wreck within the ambit of his manor, and the 
following entry is extracted from the Portsea Eecords of 
Title to show the way in which the case was established 
and the fine apportioned between the chief and the mesne 
lord : — 

* Pat. 1.3 Edw. III. m. 25. 

t Tat. 22 Edward iii. pais. 2, m. 11. 

i Rental oi Portsea Manor (3rd Richard ii.) under the head Eroddington. 


" Concerning tlie wreck happening at Portesey on 
the first day of February, in the year of our Lord, 1384, 
and in tlie seventh year of the reign of King Eichard ii. 
divers shi])s, were endangered in the sea, and the wine in 
the same ships, being 30 U pipes of wine, came upon the 
land of the Lordship of Portesey, and of tlie Keeper of 
" Domus Dei " of Portsmouth. All wliich Eichard Foghill, 
the Bailiff of Sir John Thornie, the Abbot of Tychfeld, the 
Lord of the manor of Portesey, did arrest. Whereupon 
came the citizens of London, and the merchants of the 
wine aforesaid, and prayed livery of the said wine, for that 
two seamen of the aforesaid ships were saved and got up 
alive upon the soil aforesaid. And the aforesaid citizens of 
London and merchants faithfully proved that all tlie afore- 
said goods were and are their own, and paid a fine to the 
aforesaid Lord the Abbot, and to the Keeper of " Domus 
Dei " of Portesmuthe, to have again and possess the afore- 
said goods, because they were saved upon the soil of tlie 
two lords aforesaid, seven pounds six shillings and eight- 
pence, whereof the aforesaid Abbot received for his part 
seventy-three shillings and four-pence."* 

The last bequest of which we have any record is that 
of William of Wykeham, the noble founder of Winchester 
College, who in his will, dated 1404, left to St. Nicholas 
Hospital, Portsmouth, one suit of vestments and a chalice. 

While, as we have seen, the interests of the Hospital 
were duly cared for by Henry in. the following extract 
from the Patent lioUs' shows that in those early days the 
property of the Crown was as fully protected : — " At 
Portesmouth on the 3rd August, 1253, Henry in. granted 
to the Master and Brethren of the Hospital of Portesmouth, 
that by view of his Bailliffs and men of the town, they 
might enclose five feet of land by the side of the royal 
road near the said Hospital towards the south, also eight 
feet similarly situated near the Hos])ital towards the west, 
provided that from their enclosure they enlarge the King's 

Couit Roll of Tortsea, 1384. 


cmniuoiv way on the other side towards the east, to the same 
extent as they enclose from the same towards the west."* 

1'he Superior of the Hospital was called from time to 
time by various titles. He is designated as Prior in 121.5, 
J 2.50, 1251, 1298, and twice so in the Festa de Neville 
(temp. Edward I.). As Gustos or Warden in 1307, and pre- 
served that title until towards the close of the fourteenth 
century. In 1376 we find Magister ot Gustos and also in 
1402. In 1482 and 1492 Magister is applied, and that is 
the designation in the deed of surrender. 

The ancient seal of the Hospital attached to the 
surrender in the Record Office is of the usual monastic shape 
surrounded by the words "Sigillum coniune Domus-f- Dei 
de Portesmowth." At the upper part is a hand projecting 
from a cloud emblematic of the first Person of the Blessed 
Trinity and still used as a masonic emblem. Below this 
on either side the Sun and Moon, the latter represented as 
a horned crescent enclosing the profile of the human 
countenance ; between these and in the centre of the seal 
a double cross with angels worshipping. This represents 
the Second Person of the Trinity. At the lower part im- 
mediately below the cross is either an altar, or (as some 
think it) a roll of vellum ; if the latter, it indicates the 
Holy Scripture produced by the inspiration of the Third 
Person of the Trinity, the Holy Ghost. The common seal 
of the Borough of Portsmouth is not unmindful of the Old 
Hospital. It bears the following inscription carried round 
a suit of three tabernacles, the centre and more elevated con- 
taining a figure of the Virgin and child, the others figures of 
St. Nicholas & St. Thomas of Ganterbury : "Portum : Virgo : 
luva : Nichola : Pove : Eoge : Thoma :" — " The Port 
Virgin assist! St. Nicholas cherish it! St. Thomas 
pray for it !" These prayers were addressed to the Virgin 
in whose honour a cliapel was dedicated in the Town, to 
St. Nicholas the special protector of sailors and the Patron 

* Patent Rolls, 37, Henry iii. 

t The word 'Donms' is on the SuiTendcr seal almost destroyed. I ooiild 
only sec clearly ' (Jin.' The other words are yery distinct. 


Saint of the "Doinus Dei," ami to St. Thomas of Canterbury, 
the Patron Saint of Povtsnionth parisli cliurch. 

From the death of William of Wykehani in 1404, to 
the surrender of the Hospital by John lucent, on the 2nd 
of June, 1540, there is only one occurrence recorded of any 
special interest ; indeed, as far as I have been able to dis- 
cover, with that solitary •exception, the old " Domus Dei " 
for nearly 150 years remained almost unnoticed. I need 
scarcely say that 1 allude to the murder of Adam Moleyns, 
Bishop of Chichester, "through the procurement of the 
Duke of York by shipmen slaine " on the 9th of January, 
1411). The exact spot where the murder took place is un- 
known, but the current story that the Bishop fell close to 
the high altar is untrue. The Process,* in Bishop Fox's 
Eegister, distinctly states tliat he was inhumanly and ivith 
sacrilegious hands dragged hy the inhabitants '■out of the 
said Church called the 'Domus Dei;' while the same record 
tells us, that he was subjected to a cruel death "committed 
ai the aforesaid church called the 'Domus Dei.'" The 
word ' extra ' cannot be misunderstood, it clearly signifies 
that the nuirderers were nob inside the building when the 
crime was perpetrated ; while the words " at the aforesaid 
church" as clearly declare that they were not far from it. 
It is quite possible that the " shipmen " sought the Bishop 
in the Church, while he was ministering by nightf at the 
altar, and that, on his passing out by the south door, they 
dragged him through the Churchyard towards the beach, 
and there murdered him. But a little care will, I think, 
" enable us to fix within a few yards the very spot where the 
murder took place. The Process informs us that the Vicar 
and inhabitants of Portsmouth were required to erect, first 
a cross and afterwards a chapel " in the same place of the 

* See Process, pp. 142-153. 

id. Jan. intorfcctui 

Hist, E'.'j!. Chr. Can), per John Stuiic, MS, in Curp. Cull. Cant. 

t 14-16 oid. Jan. intorfcctus fuit in node Mag-r. Adam Moloyns, Episi 
Cicestr. apud Portcsmoulh." 


crime." On the map of Portsmouth, drawn in the reign 
of Henry viii. before 1540, also on that of the reign of 
Elizabeth, (Cott. ]\IS.) there is a little building between the 
Church and the present Memorial Cross. In the Elizabeth 
plan will be found over the little building the word 
' Chappel.' We may therefore fairly conclude that there 
the fold deed w^as done. The statement that the murder 
occurred in a boat is altogether unsupported. That Adam 
Moleyns was preparing to embark for the continent is true, 
and that lie was by " shipmen slaine " is very probable, but 
the tale that he was struck down while embarking seems 
scarcely w^orthy of our attention. 

The last notice we have of the " Domus Dei " as a 
House of Mercy is by Leland in the reign of Henry viii. 
"There is also (he writes) in the west southwest part of tlie 
town a fair hospital some time erected by Peter de Eupibus, 
Bishop of Winchester, wherein were twelve poor men and 
yet six be in it." This statement about six poor men only 
being yet in the Hospital is, I think, explained by the 
following passage found in a MS. at the Eecord office : — 

" The alms at Portsmouth included four score pounds 
from the temporal lands, out of which were maintained 
a chaplain priest, and further six men and six women 
received every week sixpence a piece, and every fortnight 
seven loaves of bread and five gallons of ale a piece."* 

We can easily believe, that, when the Hospital was 
founded, there were twelve brethren, but that afterwards it 
was deemed better for the sick that half the establishment 
should be sisters, and so a change was made accordingly 
by the Visitor's authority. Leland was evidently only par- 
tially informed, as nothing is said by him of the sisters, 
who were certainly half of the working staft'-f- of the 
" Domus Dei " at the time of its surrender. 

* See Page 126.— Letter to Mr. Forest. 

"t See Page 106 " Payments to the Poor with their diets." 



DOM us DEI. 15 

Soon after came the terrible visit of the Commis- 
sioners. The deed of surrender is dated Juno 2nd lo'iO.* 
The dread of an onslaught upon ecclesiastical property had 
been felt, we may be sure, for many years, still to tlie last 
purchases were made by the Master of the " Domus Dei." 
As late as October, 1835, John Eaynolds of Portsmouth, 
shipwright, sells to John Incent, Clerk, Magister or Custos 
of the Hospital, two acres in Kingstone, paying 4d. a year 
to the king for all service ; this is dated April 11th, 1530. 
Again, Thomas Carpenter of Kingestone, husbandman, sells 
to the same Master or Custos of the Hospital of St. Nicholas 
called Goddys House de Portesmouthe, one acre in Prod- 
ington, to be held of the lord of the fee, at the rent of ^d. 
Dated 2nd October, 27, Henry viii. (1535.) 

The valuation of the Hospital in the Valor Ecclesias- 
ticus in 1534 is thus stated. The total value £79 13 7^, 
reprisals in alms, fees, &c., £45 14 2, leaving the net 
amount £33 19 5^. In a Poll of Accounts of Pichard 
Poulet, one of the receivers of the Court of Augmentations 
during the year, from Michaelmas, 22 Henry viii (1530) to 
]\Iicliaelmas 1531, we find the "Hospital of St. Nicholas of 
Portesmouth vulgarly called Goddeshous " among those 
voluntarily surrendered ; the receipts then amounted to 
£39 18 5 (exclusive of certain allowances) from lands in 
Broughtone, Frodingtone, and Purgwelle (parish of Hamel- 
doue) and in Kingestone and Portesmouthe as also in I'roke, 
Preshwater and Wippingham in the Isle of Wight. (Potul. 
Harl. I. 14.) 

Pull particulars of all tlie estates and rights belonging 
to the Hospital have bv i-u i)reserved, A strict and accu- 
rate account of all the })roperty was talvcn by Eoger 
Tychebourne,i- and duly forwarded 1o the Chancellor of the 
Court of Augmentations. Prom it we learn as already stated 

* See pp. 157-160. 

t Sec No. viii. Page 163. 


that for charitable gifts, fees, and other repayments, £45 14 2 
were expended, leaving £33 19 5| as the amount of the 
Warden's income, suhject to tithe ; equal at least to £400 of 
the present day.* We can therefore well understand that 
the Wardenship of Portsmouth " Domus Dei " Avas always 
considered good preferment, and especially so in lax days, 
when non-residence was deemed the great divine's privilege 
but never his shame. 

Much of the landed property of tlie Hospital passed 
away into the possession of the Powerscourt family. 

During the rule of the House of York, the church 
and buildings about it received, we may suppose, the usual 
care and were kept in decent condition ; but after the sur- 
render, when the endowments had been alienated, there 
must have been at least 20 years of sad neglect. Indeed 
judging by the two estimates for repairs made during the 
reign of Elizabeth, the once highly favoured Hospital had 
been allowed to fall into a sadly dilapidated state. 

Changes however took place which happily tended to 
save the " Domus Dei " from utter ruin. As soon as Eliza- 
beth came to the throne it was determined to protect 
Portsmouth by powerful defences. To " good Queen Bess " 
Portsmouth is greatly indebted for increased importance, 
for she helped, in a very marked way, to make it the 
first arsenal of the world. Among other means of pro- 
viding money to meet the heavy expenses these defences 
entailed, a great lottery was put forth in 1569, the proceeds 
to be applied for fortifying Portsmouth. The works were 
commenced in 1559, and were vigorously carried on 
for nearly thirty years ; so much so that we find in 15SG 
the new fortifications were thoroughly supplied with 

* Mr. Hallam considers " any given sum under Heniy iii. and Edward i., 
as crjuivalent on general command over coumiodities, to be about twenty four or 
twenty five times their nominal value at present." We may therefore say with 
safety twelve limes in the days of Hemy viii. 
























X;H >S 


Ordnance. All this necessarily tended to increase the 
importance of the Governor's position, and rendered it 
requisite to provide him with quarters in every way be- 
coming his high office. As early as June, 1564, charges 
were raatle for "felling and preparing timber for The 
flooring of God's House,*" but very soon after we find the 
authorities actively engaged in thoroughly repairing all the 
buildings of the " Domus Dei." In the Lansdowne MSS., 
Nos. 69 and 72, we are expressly told that the outlay set 
forth in the two estimates dated l58l, and July 24th, ir)82 
was " for converting God's House and other buildings into 
a residence for a Governor." 

The estimate dated 1581 is of great interest, inas- 
much as we are able by it and the plan of God's House in 
the Cottonian MS. to give the name and position of every 
building then existing. It is thus worded :— 

The gate hous with the lodgingesf withoute the north 
ile of the Church iii score and xv foote long ; the rafter x 
foote and a halfe ; the church xxv foot wide ; the Armory 
sixe and fifty foot longe ; the Smithe's forge xxxii foot 
longe ; the Pay-Chamber at the end of the forge ; the 
Chamber from the Pay-chamber to the Captayne's chamber 
sixe score foot long ; the roofe over the Captayne's cham- 
bei- and the Great CharaberJ fifty and sixe foot long ; the 
roofe over the Dyning Chamber xxx fote longe ; the Pigeon 
hous ; the Hall roofe fifty foot longe ; the Kechin and^the 
Larder! I one hundred foote longe ; the roofe over the Back 

* State Papers, 'Domestic Elizabeth,' Vol. 34, No. 31. 
• / " Thp Gate hous with the lodging-es." These consisted of a small build- 
ing for the Porter and a larger for the use of guests. They may be seen on the 
plan, Lott. Mb., temp. Elizabeth," occuijying very nearly the spot where the 
entrance gate now stands. ■> j i 

1 i Tli^^G^reat Chamber was the Guest House in the reception chamber called 
also the Ilooshye, sometimes the Ostre. This often comprised if^cral 
chambers under one name. The Captajaie's Chamber was the Master's C'liam- 
ber but called the Captayne's Chamber when the Hospital became occupied bv 
me uovemors of Portsmouth. 

II The Kechin and Larder were very large because great numbers of poor 
persons were fed from the Hospital. ' 


gate xviii foot longe ; Bakehous and the Stable iii scov(^ 
and eight foot longe ; the roofe over the Nnrcery* sixe and 
lifty foot longe. Eepairs estimated at £99. 

The accompanying plan (No. 2) shows each of the 
buildings above specified. 

The otlier estimate, by liichnrd ro])Tnjay, is dated 
July 2-ith, 1582, and is principally confined to the cost of 
repairing the church. The sum here requireil is £500 Gs. 8d. 
This estimate has also especial value attached to it, ex- 
plaining as it does discoveries recently made at the west 
end of the church. It runs thus : — 

The churche ther wher the store of pouther doth lye, 
pykes, bowes, by lies, and other provysion aiul munition ; 
the roof(i ys covered with leade, which must be taken u]) 
and newe cast, and three tonnes of newe leade for to 
supply the wantes of those roofes ; and the gutters in the 
howse about the Captayne's lodging and others, th' offices 
and rooms to the same apperteyning ; the walles of the 
church to be cooped with asheler and crest for keeping the 
walles from receveing of rayne and other moysture ; and the 
repaiering of the same roofes, which are mooche decayed 
allredy by want of good and tyght covering ; vidz : two 
of the arches in ruyne, and one pyller of stone .standing 
betwen the two arches, which hath and doth take sooch 
rayne and moysture, that, onles present remydy be had and 
provyded, the same churche, or howse for store will utterly 
decaye and come to ruyne ; the charge whereof will 
amount to £240. The roofe of the Hall in Gode's howse 
withont the kytchen roofe, larders, stabelles, armory, forge, 
the Dynning Chamber, and all the lodgings in the same 
howse are to be striped and newe healed, for that the 
iiayles, lathe, pynes, and mooche of the stoue ys rotten, and 
so farre spent and gone that patching, byeting or mending i 
will not serve, for every meane blast of wynde and wether | 
teres, breakes, rypes up, and caryeth awaye th' old with ] 

* Xurecry — sometimes called the Fcrmcry. It -was used for the sick and 


the newe, as Mr. Captnync lumsclf hath syene, and therein 
is best wytnes ; the charge for stone, slat, lathe, nayles, 
pynnes and worknianshp will amount to £258. The 
breach in the wall at Gode's Howse over against the ar- 
moyry ys fyfty footes in length and xii footes in height. 
The making thereof up againe with cariage of stuffe will 
cost 4Cs. Sd. Sum total £500 6s. 8d. 

The church must have l)een converted into a store for 
arms before the days of Edward vi. for, in the first year of 
his reign (1547), we find in a IMS. in the library of the 
Society of Antiquaries, No. 129, a curious list of the 
" Mnnvcions within the Churche at Goddeshouse sent by 
the L. Grete Mr. from the Towre, 27 Sept. 3. Edw. Sexti." 

In the Churche were placed : " Sacre and Fawcono 
shott of yrone (and other shot), coilles of wollen roopes 
for bumbardes," shovels and spades, " skoopes, bloke billes, 
morispickes, chestes of bowes and arrowes, serpentyn pow- 
der, leade sowes, dryfattes with flaskes and toucheboxes, 
cassementes with hand gonnes and bowstrings." In the 
Chancdle we have more blocke billes and chestes of bowes 
and arrowes, also " collers and traces for horses," and lan- 
terns ; while in the Vestrie were stored " serpentyne and 
corne powder" and "lodells of latten for culveryns." Be- 
sides all these there were deposited in the Church some 
" munychions for fireworke," consisting of linseed oil, 
turpentine, rosin, saltpetre, pitch, tar, canvas "marlynlyne," 
packthread, twine, " okeham," liax and '•' packenedells." 
Other munitions were in the Lofte in the Armory, and in 
the Armory itself were " Almayne ryvettes " (suits of 
armour made in Germany) with splentes and salletts (head 
pieces) xxvi paire." 

It is evident, from the particulars set forth in the 
estimate, that the church was then in a dangerous state ; 
we may therefore fairly conclude that steps were taken 
to prevent the building Ijeconiing a mere ruin ; and further, 
we have every reason to believe that, to avoid expense, 
the whole of the west end bay was pulled down and the 



church made so much shorter. If it be asked on what 
ground such belief is based, I answer that when, in 18GG, 
the west wall was taken down to add a bay, according to 
the plan of the eminent architect, G. E. Street, Esq., R a., 
complete pillars were found embedded in the wall, and one 
or two of the stones of an arch remained above the capital 
of the south pillar. Some have supposed that it was 
originally intended to make the church one bay longer, 
but the plan was not carried out for want of funds. Few 
who know anything of Peter de Eupibus will accept such 
an explanation of the matter. That great bishop and the 
men of his day were not architects who failed in a work 
when so near its completion, as the church must have been 
if the supposition that funds were wanted be maintained. 
It is in every way far more probable that one bay was 
removed, and so the danger and difficulty set forth in the 
repair document were avoided. 

Indeed we may say that such was certainly the case. 
But there is a riddle connected with the story. When the 
workmen, in 18G6, were preparing the foundation of the new 
bay they came upon old foundations and found, at the north 
west corner, a bottle deposited in a bed of rubble work, 
four feet under ground ; the very spot now occupied by the 
corner stone of the restored building. This bottle, strange 
to say, is not older than the time of Charles i. and possibly 
was manufactured as late as the early part of the reign of 
George i. How is this to be accounted for ? AVhat object 
could there have been in placing the bottle where it was 
found ? I can only suppose that, after the marriage of 
Charles il. or at a somewhat later period, it was intended 
to restore the church to its original length, that the found- 
ations were commenced and the bottle deposited, but the 
work was then abandoned for want of funds or for some 
other cause. There is a curious plan drawn by Talbot 
Edwards in 1716, which evidently implies a great change 
in the Church ; that change we know was never carried 
out, but if we suppose that the foundations were laid and 


then the luidertakiug or part of it was abandoned as too 
expeDsive, tlie discovery of the bottle and the date of its 
manufacture will be fully accounted for. (See Plate No. 4.) 
As tlic Church and buildings about it were, at the close 
of Elizabeth's reign, at least, in decent repair, it is only- 
reasonable to suppose that they continued so during the 
next sixty years. The Governor would take due care that 
his own residence and all about it were kept in good order ; 
and that they were so kept, we may infer from the fact that 
Catherine ui" Braganza was received in Government House 
on her arrival from Portugal, and in it was celebrated her 
marriage with Charles ii. on the 21st May, 1G62. His 
Majesty, writing to Lord Clarendon early on that day, 
speaks very hopefully of his matrimonial prospects. 

" Portsmouth, 21st May, 8 in the morning. 
" I arrived here yesterday about two in the afternoon, 
and as soon as I had shifted myself I went to my wife's 
chamber. Her face is not ss exact as to be called a beauty, 
though her eyes are excellent good, and not anything in her 
face that in the least degree can shoque one ; on tlie con- 
trary, she hath much agreeableness in her looks altogether as 
ever I saw ; and if I have any skill in physiognomy, which 
I think I have, she must be as good a woman as ever was 
born. Her conversation, as much as T can perceive, is very 
good ; for she has wit enough and a most agreeable voice. 
You would wonder to see how well we are acquainted 
already ; in a word, I think myself very happy, for I am 
confident our two humours will agree very well togetlier. 
I have not time to say any more. My Lord Lieutenant 
will give an account of the rest.* C. 

The gatliering on the wedding day must have made 
Portsmouth very gay, and old " Domus Dei " must have 
presented a striking sight on the great and extraordinary 
occasion. Samuel Pepys tells us " I followed in the crowd 

* M.S. Lansdownc, 1236 fol. 117. 


of gallants through the Queen's lodging to Chapel, the 
rooms being all rarely furnished, and escaped hardly being 
set on fire yesterday. The Mayor, Mr. Timbrell, our 
anchorsmith showed me the present they have for the 
Queen — a salt-cellar of silver, the walls of chrystal with 
four eagles and four greyhounds standing up at the top to 
bear up a dish. 1 lay at Ward's the chirurgeon's in 

In the Kegister Book of St. Thomas's Church the 
marriage is entered as follows : — 

" Our Most Gracious Sovereign Lord, Charles the ii. by 
the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, 
Defender of the Faith, &c., and the most illustrious 
Princess Donna Catarina, Infanta of Portugal, daughter of 
the deceased Don Juan iv. and sister to the present Don 
Alphonso, King of Portugal, were married at Portsmouth, 
on the two and twentieth day of May, in the year of our 
Lord God, 1662, being in the 14th year of His Majesty's 
reign ; by the Reverend Father in God Gilbert, Lord 
Bishop of London, Dean of the Chapel Royal, in the 
presence of several of the Nobility of his Majesty's 
dominions and of Portugal" Anno 1662." 

It is a remarkable fact that the date of the marriage, 
as entered in this Register is wrong ! The date there given 
is Thursday, the '^2nd of May, whereas all contemporary 
authority concurs in stating it to have taken place on 
Wednesday, the 2^1st of May. In the Journal of Edward, 
Earl of Sandwich, (tlie Admiral who brought the Queen 
over) printed by Kennett in his Historical Register, 1728, 
he says that she landed on the 14tli of May, and went in 
her own coach attended by the Lords, the Portugal Am- 
bassador and himself walking on foot before the coach, 
" to the King's House in Portsmouth." On Wednesday, 
21st May, the Earl tells us that the King and Queen came 
into the Presence Chamber, upon the throne, and the 

* Memoirs of Samuel Pepys. 


contract made with Portugal was read, after whicli the King- 
took the Queen by the linnd and saitl the words of matri- 
mony appointed in the Common Prayer, the Queen also 
declaring her consent. Then the P>ishop of London 
(Gilbert Slieldon) stood forth and made the declaration of 
matrimony and pronounced them man and wife* 

It is with regret that I give up the once cherished 
belief that Cliarles ii. was married in the Garrison Church, 
but, from the record of Lord Sandwich, it is quite evident 
that the marriage did not take place in the Church, but in 
the Presence Chamber of the King's House. This is con- 
firmed in the Memoirs of Lady Fanshawe (wife of Sir 
Eichard Fanshawe, the ambassador wdio had negotiated the 
marriage) who no doubt M^as present on the occasion. She 
says " upon the 21st of May, the King married the Queen 
at Portsmouth, in the Presence Chamber of His Majesty's 
House. There was a rail across the upper part of the 
room, in which entered only the King and Queen, the 
Bishop of London, the Marquis Desande, the Portuguese 
Ambassador, and my husband ; in the other part of the 
room there were many of the nobility and servants to 
their Majesties. The Bishop of London declared them 
married in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of 
the Holy Ghost, and then they caused the ribbons Her 
Majesty wore to be cut in little pieces, and as far they 
would go every one had some."t 

It is supposed that the old altar cloth, on which was 
emblazoned a view of Lisbon and the Eoyal Arms of 
Portugal, was an offering made by the King to the Ptoyal 
Chapel on his marriage. 

This was not the only royal marriage which took 
place in tlie County of Hants, for in the year 1445, 
Margaret of Anjou, attended by a large assemblage of 
nobility, landed at Portsmouth, and proceeded to the 

* Hist. Reg. p. 96o. 
t 8vo. 1829 p. 143. 


Priory of Southwick, (to which the " Portsmouth Domus 
Dei " was attached) and was there married to Henry vi. 
on the first of April * 

Ten years after the marriage of Charles n. another 
royal visit was paid to the old " Domus Dei." " In 
September, 1672, the Mayor and Aldermen, with their 
mace, and in their peculiar robes, standing at the entrance 
of the Fort, the mayor made a speech to welcome James ii. 
to Portsmouth. The guns were fired and 3000 troops lined 
the streets and platform as His Majesty proceeded to God's 
House, the Governor's residence."t 

The next important gathering in the Chapel, if not 
royal, was, we may he certain, thoroughly real. The in- 
habitants met in 1G93 in God's House to settle a quarrel, 
which had arisen about the expenditure of money in the 
destruction of the beautiful tower and nave of the Parish 
Church, and placing in their stead deformities which wnll, 
I fear, long contrast with the brilliant architecture of its 
chancel ; a church only wanting fitting restoration to ren- 
der it equal to any in England. The particulars of this 
calamity and the use made of the " Domus Dei " are thus 
recorded in an old vestry book : — 

"In the year 1693, a new rate w^as agreed upon, and 
towards the re-building and repairing the Parish Church, 
every inhabitant shall be assessed to the said rate, at six 
tymes the sum that he, she, or they were rated to the last 
poor-book ; and ]\Ir. Ambrose Stanyford shall goe forward 
in the finishing the Church, and the parish shall be obliged 
to pay him what shall be due, and the money shall be 
raised by rate. After some time, dissatisfaction arose, and 
Mr. Henry ]\Iaydman was authorised by the inhabitants, 
meeting in God's House Chapell, (the then pro-parish 
Church) to superintend the disbursements of the monies 
raised, and to keep a strict account in a book. And in 1694, 

* Cartulary of Southmck Priory. 
t Borough, iiucoi-cls. 




to pay lip debts upon account of the Church, it was 
agreed that a book of rates shall be made, which shall 
amount unto and comprise six poor-books, after the rate of 
the said parish." Thomas Heather, good dear simple vicar, 
in his private notes, December 10, 1694, writes thus — 
" Our Parish Church is become a beauteous structure, I 
heartily wish I could see the chancel answer it." 

Although the close of the 17th century was a time of 
thick darkness as regards Gothic architecture and Church 
order, it possessed, at least in Portsmoutli. a bright and 
glowing gratitude ; for on the monument erected by the in- 
habitants to the memory of Anil)rose Stanyford, we find 
the following words — " Beneath this stone lyes the earthly 
remains of Ambrose Stanyford, Esq., who, hij the good pro- 
vidence of God, %vas the hapi^y instrument of eontriving, 
framing, and finishing the inside 'beauty of this House, for the 
glory of God and to the joy and comfort of his 'peo'ple assemlling 
here to His worshii^r This family of Stanyford continued in 
the Borough as leading burgesses until the middle of 
the seventeenth century, and then the name disappeared. 
Curiously enough, in the year 1794, we find a pue in the 
Garrison Church the pjroperty of a Mr. Stanyford. It is 
marked K on Plan No. 9, and this explanation is given," K 
seat formerly granted to Mr. Stanyford, and built at his 
own expense." 

Among the treasures of the " Domus Dei " is a set of 
massive Communion plate ; consisting of two immense 
flagons, two chalices, two pattens, and a large alms dish. 
They were presented by Queen Anne, but when, and on 
what particular occasion, I have not been able to discover. 
It is very probable that Her Majesty made the offering 
when she visited Government House with her Consort, 
Prince George of Denmark. At the same time it is only 
fair to state, that some maintain that the plate was given 
when the King of Spain embarked at Portsmouth, on His 
Majesty's return from Windsor, "where all the great ladies 
of Queen Anne's court had received costly gifts." 


In tlie reigns of the 1st and 2nd Georges, Portsmouth 
a})pears to have received no royal attention ; but George ill. 
was on several occasions a visitor, inspecting the Garrison 
and Dockyard, or giving honour to the heroes who so nobly 
fought the battles of their country. On May 2ud, 1778, 
His ]\Iajesty and the Queen arrived at I'ortsmouth, and on 
Sunday morning went to the Royal Garrison Chapel, where 
the Eev. George Cuthbert, Vicar of Portsmouth, Chaplain 
to the King, and afterwards Mayor of the Borough, 
preached, taking his text from the 6th chapter of Deuter- 
onomy and the loth verse. And again in June, 1794, a 
few days after the arrival of the victorious Howe at 
Portsmouth, the King and his Queen came to the renowned 
arsenal to do honour to the great Admiral, accompanied on 
this occasion by six of the Eoyal children. " The Eoyal 
Family reached the Governor's House about 7 o'clock, 
when the band of the Gloucester JMilitia played on the 
Parade. The Queen and the ladies sat on the balcony for 
some time, and then joined the King and Prince Ernest on 
the Queen's battery, where, with a host of nobihty, they 
continued to promenade." A grand Levee took place on 
Friday the 27th, at Government House. It is only right 
to record that the king attended Divine Service in the 
Dockyard Chapel. His Majesty seems at all times to 
have borne in mind, that a nation's well being depends 
upon its holy recognition of the God of Forces. 

The old " Domus Dei " is of interest in the P)orough 
of Portsmouth, as being intimately connected with the 
Volunteer Forces of the last and present centuries. On 
the 29th May, 1799, the Royal Garrison Volunteers of 
Portsmouth, under the command of Major William Garrett, 
were assembled in the Garrison Church previous to the 
presentation of Colours to that loyal and devoted Corps. 
The sermon was preached by .the Rev. John Davies, b.a., 
St. Mary's Hall, Oxford, who took for his text, Psalm 
XVliT, verse o9. " Thou hast girded jne with strength unto 
the battle, Thou shalt throw down mine enemies under 


me." The words of tlie preacher were pLain and stirring : — 
" Embarked in the service of your king and country, 
as the inscription on your banner denotes, Honoured by the 
cxjjress approhation of your Soverdgii, to yo}i belongs the 
distinguished and exalted privilege of bearing on your 
consecrated standard the ensigns of royalty. So high a 
token of pre-eminence and favour can only be considered 
as the suitable reward of strict and soldier-like conduct, 
without which the purpose of enrolment would be defeated. 
Indeed, the uniform regularity of your deportment, and 
the undisturbed harmony which has, on all occasions, ])re- 
vailed through your ranks, whilst they reflect the highest 
lustre on the character of your ohicers, display most an)ply 
the sincerity of your zeal, and claim from every description 
of good and loyal men, the grateful tribute of confidence 
and esteem. 

" In thus augmenting the strength and promoting the 
wise and salutary measures of government, you have not 
even solicited, as a compensation for loss of labour, that 
reasonable allowance of pay which you might fairly and 
equitably have claimed. Aware too of the serious inter- 
ruption which every branch of commerce must occasionally 
sustain from the necessity of your frequently appearing in 
the military school, the inconveniences, to which not only 
yonrsclvcfi, but many of your respective employers cheer- 
fully submit at this momentous crisis, demand particular 
notice and commendation. 

" Thus brought into the field from the most patriotic 
and disinterested motives ; furnished with every regimental 
requisite at the sole expense of your liberal and zealous 
commander ; trained under the auspices of men equally 
independent and respectable, you may become, in the 
absence of regular forces, not merely a local safeguard and 
defence, but to your vigilance may be entrusted the im- 
portant charge of defending a Garrison, whose conse([iience 
to the Empire is no less the subject of deserved than 
universal admiration ; and whose spacious docks and 


immense mafijazines for the ready equipment of our vast 
naval bulwark stand unrivalled in the annals of the world. 

" It is here within our view that the great maritime 
force of the country is collected ; and we have seen the 
adjoining harl)OLir crowded with the spoils of vanquished 
squadrons. It is here too, that we have been eminently 
honoured with the presence of Majesty : here in person has 
He celebrated the triumphs of His Fleet : and here vnthin 
these walls has He offered up the pious incense of His 
gratitude and thanks to Him who giveth victory unto 
kings ; the great and glorious God, the Lord strong and 
mighty, even the Lord mighty in battle, who girdeth with 
strength of war." 

On leaving the Church, the Volunteers were formed be- 
neath the balcony of the Governor's House, which, with the 
small square tower at its west end, hid entirely the south 
side of the Chancel, and the Ensigns received the Colours 
from the hands of Mrs. William Garrett, who addressed 
the Major in the following words : — 

" Sir, — I have very great pleasure in presenting to 
your corps these emblems of loyalty and attachment to your 
king and country. From the known zeal and patriotism 
of yourself, your officers, and men, I have no doubt but 
you will defend them at the hazard of your lives. In 
protecting them you will, I trust, secure for your country 
the happiness it enjoys under its present constitution. It 
is my most sincere and ardent prayer to the Almighty 
Disposer of events that the cause, which you and your 
brethren in arms have so nobly stood forward in defence 
of, may be crowned with success ; and that the blessings of 
peace may be speedily restored to these kingdoms." 

To which Major W. Garrett returned the following 
answer : — 

" Madam, — I cannot but feel infinite gratification in 
returning to you my own thanks and those of my officers 
and men, for the honour you have conferred upon us in 
presenting to us these consecrated Banners. It will indeed 



be most satisf;ict(n'y to us hereafter to rcllect, that, in 
following the laudable example of our brother volunteers, 
we may have in any degree contributed to the i)ermaneiit 
security and welfare of our country against its foreign or 
domestic foes." 

" To you, gentlemen (turning to the Ensigns) I have 
the honour to deliver these sacred pledges of our fidelity 
and attachment to our king and country, confidently rely- 
ing, that in your hands they will never be disgi-acecl ; and 
from the frequent instances I have expeiienced of the 
zealous and spirited conduct of the corps I have the 
honour to command, I need only observe to them that 
these are the true rallying points, and to remind them, 
that the cause they have engaged in is for the preser- 
vation of all that Englishmen hold most dear — their wives, 
their children, their country, and their laws." 

" I beg leave to offer you, Sir, (the Eeverend R 
Davies) our best thanks for the very excellent discourse 
you have been good enough to give us. The sentiments 
it contained will, I trust, make a deep and lively impres- 
sion upon the minds of those to whom it immediately 
applied ; and I have no hesitation in declaring in the face 
of Heaven, and before you. Sir, our respected Governor, 
(Sir William Pitt) that being animated with the most 
zealous ardour for the defence of our King and country, 
we will, to the utmost of our abilities, whenever called 
upon, perform the duties of faithful soldiers and good 

When Major Garrett delivered that soldierly address 
it was little thought that, within three quarters of a cen- 
tury, a Volunteer Drill Shed would occupy a part of the 
then Governor's garden, and Volunteer Corps be drilled 
from Penny Street and (rreen Eow to the eastern and 
western ramparts. While the name of Garrett will be 
handed down in the story of Portsmouth as honourably 
connected with the old Government House and the gallant 
old Volunteers ; that of Colonel liichards will lonu' be 


remembered, as representing the 3rd Hants Artillery 
Volunteers, who proved such generous friends to the Gar- 
rison by providing it gratuitously, for nearly two years, 
with a most convenient temporary place of worship. 

I may mention here that, at the end of the last 
century, three handsomely bound Prayer Books were 
presented to tlie Garrison Church by George III. The 
exact date when the royal gift was made does not appear, 
but we may fairly suppose that it was shortly after the 
occasion when His Majesty there publicly thanked God 
for His merciful watchfulness over our nation. 

But the ohl "Domus Dei" was destined to receive a 
gathering more distinguished far than any it had ever 
known in the days of which I have already told ; for, on 
AVednesday, the 22nd day of June, 1814, it was announced 
hy telegraph to H. R. Highness the Duke of Clarence, the 
Port Admiral, that the Prince Regent had left London and 
would, with tlie Emperor of Paissia, Frederick, King of 
Prussia, Marshal Blucher, Prince Platoff, and a crowd of 
distinguished personages, pay a formal visit to England's 
great arsenaL The Royal party left London about nine 
o'clock, and arrived at Portsmouth at four o'clock the same 
day. On reaching the Landport gate, His Royal Highness 
was received by Lieut.-General Houston, Lieut.-Govcrnor 
of the Garrison, who presented His Royal Highness with the 
keys of the town, which were forthwith returned to the 
Lieut.-Governor. On entering the town a salute with a triple 
discliarge of all the artillery on the ramparts and the lines 
was given, and all the vessels fired a royal salute. These 
salutes were repeated when His Royal Highness alighted 
from his carriage at the Government House, where he was 
received by the Secretary of State for the Home Depart- 
ment, the Board of Admiralty, the Commissioners of the 
Navy, His Royal Highness the Admiral of the Fleet, 
Lieut.-General Houston, and other high officers. The 
Prince Regent proceeded at once to hold a Levee, at which 
the Admiral of the Fleet presented Admiral Sir Richard 


Bickertou, Coinmanding the Port ; Vice Admiriils G. 
Martin and Sir Harry Ncale, Bart. : Kear Admirals Sir 
F. Laforey, Bart., Foote, and T. B. ]\Iartin ; and all the 
Captains and Commanders in commission at the IV)rt. 
Immediately after the Levee His Eoyal Highness pro- 
ceeded, with his attendants, to the balcony in front of 
Government House, where he was received hy the people 
with the greatest enthusiasm. At seven o'clock a dinner 
of forty covers was served, and the " Donnis Dei " rang 
again with the loyal shouts of the distinguished and 
honoured guests. Thousands of lamps lit up the build- 
ings in a way that would have greatly astonished the 
simple Brothers and Sisters and their Prior, could they have 
risen from their graves and seen their home, once so calm 
and (piiet, thus strangely changed. In the centre was the 
word ' Peace ' with a star blazing over it, and at the two 
angles of the house, the letters A and F in honour of the 
illustrious visitors. About eight. His Majesty the King 
of Prussia, accompanied by their Poyal Highnesses the 
Prince Poyal, PrinceWilliam, Prince William (His INIajesty's 
brother) and Prince Frederick of Prussia, were received by 
a guard of honour ; and at a much later hour, the Empe- 
ror of Pussia and the Duchess of Oldenburg arrived, 
attended by the Earl of Yarmouth, Count Lieven, and 
many noblemen of the imperial court. On Thursday, the 
23rd, Prince Blucher joined the distinguished gathering ; 
and in the evening of that day the Prince Pegent had a 
dinner of still greater brilliancy. Their Majesties, the 
Grand Duchess, the Princes, and their respective suites, 
with the Board of Admiralty, the Ministers, and leading 
naval and military officers, sat down to a sumptuous 
repast of one hundred and twenty covers. The Prince 
Pegent and the royal visitors were pleased again to gratify 
the wishes of the people, by appearing on the balcony, 
and were received with a heartiness to be imagined, but 
not described. 

During the evening of the 24th,the Iron Duke,the loved 


and renowned of the nation, reached Portsmouth. That im- 
mortal hero, ever actuated by a sense of duty, awaited at tlie 
old " Domus Dei " his Eoyal Master's return from the Naval 
lieview, which had occu])ied the whole day. The instant 
tlie Prince Eegent saw him he hastened towards him, seized 
him by the hand, and for the moment was unable to speak ; 
but at once recovering iiimself he turned to the assembled 
Sovereigns and Generals and said — " England's glory is 
now complete ; it only wanted the presence of your Grace." 
That night, Government House, some parts of which were 
as old as the days of King John, saw the Prince Piegent 
of England, with kings and nobles, and knights, and re- 
nowned officers, liritish and Foreign — a glorious company, 
gathered round a royal board rejoicing that God had in 
mercy given peace to Europe ; and once more the IJoyal 
Host and his guests presented themselves to the 
public, and received the warmest expression of joy and 
sympathy from a happy and contented people. On the 
following day, June 25th, a Levee was held. High hon- 
ours were conferred, the Mayor and Corporation did 
homage, and old " Domus Dei" witnessed a scene the like 
of which Portsmouth can never hope to see again. 

It must he remembered that Government House had for 
some years been uninhabited, (save a few back buildings 
occupied by the Town jNIajor) and was, on the visit of the 
allied Sovereigns, merely fitted up temporarily for the 
Prince Ptegent and his distinguished guests. It was never 
used again. Twelve years after that renowned visit not a 
trace of it was left. Its demolition commenced January 
21st, 1826, and was completed on March 18th of that year. 
The only remains of antiquity particularly noticed were 
some "low pointed early English arches, surrounded by 
modern brickwork," some groining Ibrming the ceiling of 
wine cellars, and the lofty old chimney, so difficult to de- 
stroy ; but of this we may be sure, very much highly inter- 
esting to the antiquarian escaped the attention of busy, 
luieducated workmen. 




We have now, as we enter upon tlic second quarter of 
the nmeteenth century, the Chureh and Inlirniary of the 
ancient Hospital of St. Nicholas and St. John the Baptist 
standing alone ; the solitary, but truly sacred remains of an 
institution which, in days of sad disease and much poverty, 
had been to thousands a source of great comfort. Tliis 
will be a favourable moment for noticing the various 
changes which took place from time to time in the appear- 
ance of the Hospital. 

We have seen that, in the days of Elizabeth, it was 
thoroughly repaired, a part having been given over for the 
Captayne's or Governor's quarters ; while the remainder, 
the church included, was converted into government 
offices and storehouses. In course of time buildings incon- 
veniently placed, and therefore little used, would be pulled 
down, or, if not destroyed, greatly altered. Such is the 
common course of things ; but, allowing for all this, we may 
be certain, that the house which received Charles ii. and 
Catherine of Braganza, his affianced, on her airival from 
Portugal, was a portion of the old Hospital, not nearly so 
much changed as many imagine. Evelyn writes of it thus 
" The Hall of the Government House is artificially hung 
round with arms of all sorts, like the hall and keep at 
AVindsor." In 1716 the "gate hewse and lodging hewse " 
were still in existence, and they, be it remembered, were 
standing alone and of comparatively little use, and there- 
fore most lialde to decay. 

I have already suggested that possibly some extensive 
clianges were connnenced, but not carried out about the year 
1710. By examining the sketch taken in the time of Charles 
II. and that of 1750 it will be seen that in neither are there 
dormer windows. It is therefore clear that late in the 17th 
or early in the J 8th century alterations were made in the roof 
of the church, for in the sketch by Talbot Edwards (1716) 
and Armstrong (1730) we find four dormer windows. It is 
equally clear that many additions were made about that 
period to Government House. My belief is that . Talbot 
Edwards who occupied in the Garrison, I understand, the 


position of Director of Public Works did very much to tlie 
buildings of the old " Domus Dei " and desired to do more. 
It is highly probable that he introduced the dormer win- 
dows. If so for some cause or other they were removed and 
the roof of the church lowered before the year 1756, for 
the drawing of Joseph Wakley " taken on the spot " is we 
may be sure an accurate and valuable representation of the 
Church and Government House towards the end of the reign 
of George ii. A square tower is now found at the east end 
of the north aisle of the church but attached to the house. 
This is said to have been added in order that all shipping 
approaching the harbour might be seen. During the next 
fifty years further changes were made, but not affecting the 
extent of the building south-westward ; an observatory was 
added, the roofs altered, the double flight of steps was re- 
moved, and a balcony, supported by five pillars, placed 
towards the centre, to which there was entrance by a 
double door from the great state room. But all that has now 
disappeared. On the 18th March, 1862, as I have already 
said, the Church and Infirmary of the old Hospital stood 
alone, the precious relics of a period when God fearing men 
gave largely and gladly for Christ's sake. 

, U^j 



LAS 1 the ancient beauty of " Domus dei " had sadly- 
departed. Externally and internally it offered every 
deformity which ages, ignorant of all laws of ecclesiastical 
architecture, could supply. The roof had been so frequently 
lowered that it was nearly flat ; a parapet of brick ran com- 
pletely along the north and south sides of the nave and 
chancel ; eight long repulsive windows in the nave admit- 
ted a flood of light from the north and south, while at the 
west end was a curiously hideous window, which when 
designed was deemed, I doubt not, a marvel of talent. The 
windows of the chancel were equally bad, save those at the 
east end. These were a part of the original building, but 
unhappily had been so shortened that they looked stumpy 
and uncomfortable. Add to this a shabby hovel for a vestry 
attached to the north aisle at the west end, a huge l)ox for 
a porch before the west entrance, and a lofty thick un- 
seemly wall, effectually shutting out worship, save on 
Sundays ; and you will have some idea of the appearance of 
God's House outwardly, after well intentioned ignorance 
had for generations laboured to preserve it. Internally 
there had been many and grave alterations since the days 
when the sick and suffering lay along the side aisles, and, 
while their bodies were being cured, f(jund food for their 
souls through the holy ordinances of the Church. What 


those alterations were it is impossible to say, but the 
accompanying plan gives a very vivid picture of the pues 
and seats, and how they were appropriated at the close 
of the last century. The entrance to the Governor's 
elevated pue was from Government House by a door 
fitted into one of the old windows ; officers and officers' 
wives occupied long seats against the walls on the north 
and south sides of the west end of the chancel ; the 
Governor's servants were placed near the altar ; but strange 
to say two-thirds of the chancel and half the nave were 
"disposed of to the inhabitants of Portsmouth." One pue 
it will be obsei'ved, had in days past been granted to a Mr 
Stanyford, it having been " built at his own expense." 
Who this Mr. Stanyford was, 1 have not been able to dis- 
cover ; but certainly some leading inhabitant of the Borough, 
as I obseiTe that between 1715 and 1749 five Mayors of 
Portsmouth bore that name. Possibly it was the renowned 
Ambrose who so cruelly marred the beauty of the Parish 
Church. As the water mark of the paper on which the 
plan is drawn gives the year 1794, we may suppose that 
about that date a gallery at the west end was built, for the 
singers were then, we find, " removed to the west door," As 
to the poor soldiers they were- consigned to benches in the 
far off part of God's House. Some slight alteration of the 
above distribution took place to accommodate " the En- 
gineers and respective officers of His Majesty's Ordnance ;" 
but beyond that I can discover no notice of any change, 
save an addition to the pues, until 1846, when within 
the church the appearance of everything had become 
thoroughly repulsive. 

Then, on entering the church, the great object which 
at once attracted the eye, was two huge figures of Moses 
and Aaron over the altar, holding up a frame work con- 
taining the ten commandments. In the chancel were 
high pues backed by pannelling, which went entirely 
round the walls up to the old string course. Over the 
chancel door, which had been blocked up, stood an im- 
mense oblong pue elaborately, and I m.ay say, beautifully, 


/IT Portsmouth. 
■with ihe severa,l Seats <ic 
^ews whtch w.erv prevLotcsly 
Jiep cured- . 



carved, the work of the reign of (Jueen Anne. As this 
was elevated on four sc^uare piHars, also richly carved, and 
topped by lofty damask curtains, its appearance must have 
been terribly oppressive. This pueof honour was that of the 
Governor, the entrance to it being by a staircase close to 
the altar rail, and also by the door ali'eady noticed. IMar- 
ble monuments of every form, the blaclc edged envelope 
pattern prevailing, were fixed liigli and low in every 
direction ; not seldom, in beds cut out from the pillars or 
walls ; while at the east ends of the aisles they, together 
with lath and plaster, blocked up two old windows of 
great beauty. The pulpit, prayer desk, and clerk's pue ' 
formed a hideous combination, vast pues throughout the 
nave received the troops for prayer or sleep, and over the 
whole was a heavy whitewashed ceiling, which kept the 
church comfortably warm in winter, and miserably close 
in summer. 

This was undoubtedly a sad state of things, for which 
no one was responsil>le. It was the result of generations 
which knew nothing of, and cared nothing for, church 
architecture, and never required the shadow of a lecturer 
to denounce ultra-ritualism. No change whatever took 
place for twenty years ; but at last, in the year 1846, much 
attention seems to have been paid to the internal arrange- 
ments. All the pues in the chancel, except the Governor's, 
were replaced by others more conveniently ai-ranged ; the 
nave was entirely cleared, except a single row of pues 
running partly across from the north and south aisles ; 
the stone floor was made good and covered with kaniptu- 
licon, and benches arranged throughout for the troops. 
Further, a font was erected, the pillars made clean ! with 
yellow wash, and the covered out-door staircase into the 
gallery changed to an open inside one. During 1850 
and 1851 further alterations were made. The chancel was 
completely cleared and re-pued ; the Governor's gallery 
with stairs leading to it taken away ; the Communion rail 
carried to the wall ; the great picture of IMoses and Aaron 
was removed ; the east windows lengthened ; six new side 


windows were iutroduced; two stoves with imderground 
flues were provided ; new chairs and carpet placed within 
the Communion rail ; and subsequently a plain terry velvet 
cover was presented for the altar. The pulpit and prayer 
desk underwent several experiments but " nothing (notes 
the then Chaplain) would take from them their heavy 

It may be thought by some that much of the money 
expended during these latter changes was almost thrown 
away, as little or no attempt was made really to restore the 
ancient church. Such a conclusion would be very unjust. 
It is much to be rejoiced at that cleanliness and comfort 
were more aimed at than restoration, as thirty years ago 
the building would, by any such experiment have been 
lastingly injured ; whereas now it has happily passed 
through the hands of one of the greatest architects of this or 
any other age. But the money was well spent if only as a 
sanitary precaution, for, previous to the removal of the old 
pues and repairing the old floors, the atmosphere of the 
church must have been, not only very offensive, but highly 
dangerous to health. It is calculated that in some old 
cathedral cities and many of our thickly populated towns, 
in which churches and churchyards are very numerous, 
the mortality of the inhabitants was, previous to the 
days of church restoring, seriously increased by congre- 
gations assembling in old, musty, ill- ventilated buildings, 
beneath and around which thousands had been buried. 
The green reeking w^alls oozing from the piled earth without ; 
broken floors emitting impure gases from beneath ; foul, 
lofty, baized pues confining foul air ; begrimed hassocks ; 
all this and much more, acting upon a congregation 
breathing in a stove-heated, gas-lighted church, crowded 
with galleries and devoid of all ventilation, brought many 
a worshipper to a premature grave. We have, therefore, 
great cause for gratitude to those who made the first effurt 
to improve the old Garrison Church. They purified it and 
rendered it for a time at least clean and decent. 

But alas ! the cleanliness and decency did not last 


■^■iz44^<rton'(^pc^t-rA^ -t'-^/o'T^-' !^yt&iy(^<>-r^i/l^^n/ 


very long : fifteen years made the old God's House almost 
as bad as ever. On the outside, the dingy cement covering 
tlie fine old stone walls added to tlie ugliness of the 
building, dwarfed as it was in length and height ; while 
within, the chocolate painted pues and seats had become 
worn and unseemly ; the kamptulicon had rotted ; the 
smoke had given the ceiling and yellow washed walls and 
pillars a dismal appearance — in a word both chancel and 
nave had returned to their former state of impurity. That 
such was the common opinion is certain, for the " Ports- 
mouth Times" in a leading article of August, 1865, thus 
writes : — "We call the Garrison Church 'a larj^e buildinc;' 
for externally it might pass for a barn, or a drill shed, or a 
brewhouse ; and, without private information to the con- 
trary, we should not be much the wiser after an internal 
view, beyond acquiring the knowledge tliat it is a parallel- 
ogram divided into partitions. Further we should find the 
air pervaded by a thick, so to speak, fusty smell, consequent 
upon villainously low-pitched roofs, aggravated by the 
residuum of exhalations which we may call the essence of 
closely packed humanity. 

iSIr. Street, in his report, dated as far back as the 
4tli December, 1861, speaks in equally strong language. 
Having declared that " the huilding is one of extreme archi- 
tectural value and interest," he describes its appearance in 
these words : — " The exterior of the Chapel has been so 
much modernized and mutilated that scarcely any original 
feature now remains. The roofs have all been lowered to 
a very fiat pitch ; The windows have been destroyed ; and 
the walls have been covered with plaster and whitewashed. 
The appearance of the building is now unsightly in the 
extreme, and, I think I may say, a disgrace to the conspic- 
uous site on which it stands." 

The opinion of so eminent an architect together with 
his simple but beautiful design, showing to what tlie fast 
decaying relic of antiquity might be restored, led, after 
several years of delay, to active measures. A meeting 
convened by circular was held in the Guildhall, nn August 


5th, 1865, W. G. Chambers, Esq., J.P., occupying the chair, 
the Mayor, E. W. Ford, Esq., being nnavoidably absent, 
at which Colonel Shadwell, who (with the Eeverend 
J. E. Sabin, senior chaplain of the garrison) had from 
the first been most active in furthering the restora- 
tion, was invited " to state what was proposed to be 
acconqilished." Colonel Shadwell said, " that as- far back 
as 1862 it was suggested that the Garrison Chapel should 
be restored, but at that time the proposition fell through, 
and nothing was done until the Secretary of State came 
down to Portsmouth in August last year. Lord William 
Paulet, who was then Lieutenant-Governor, showed him 
the chapel. Earl de Grey was not particularly impressed 
with the beauty of the outside, but he thought tliat with 
regard to the interior, the building possessed great capabi- 
lities for improvement. The matter went on till March, 
when a letter was addressed by the Secretary of State for 
War to the Quarter Master General, in which Earl de 
Grey said that if the garrison of Portsmouth and others 
would be willing to contribute to the fund, he should be 
prepared to consider the propriety of inserting in the 
estimates for 1866-67 a sum of £1500, provided such a 
sum was raised as would, with such grant, defray the cost 
of the restoration." 

The following circular was subsef^uently issued : — 

" Restokation of the Garrison Church." 

" It is proposed to restore the chapel of Saints John 
the P)aptist and Nicholas, now used by the troops of the 
Portsmouth garrison, so that it may become a seemly 
house of worship for the living, and a resting place not 
wholly unworthy of the brave men who lie within and 
around its walls. 

" This chapel has been thoroughly surveyed by G. E. 
Street, Esq., the well known architect, and his designs for 
its restoration have met with genersd approval. 

" The architect has separateii his scheme into parts, 


each of wliicli can l)e executed in order, according to its 
importance as funds become availal)le. They are as 
follows : — 

1. New roofs to the chiuicel and nave, new windows, wall cleauod 

and repaired at a cost of . . . . ...CI (i'iO 

2. Rebnildiua: of the west front adding one bay to the length, 

thereby inereasing the internal acconiniodation . . . . .500 

3. llene^\•inli: the iloors and seats . . . . . . 700 

4. Building'a bell tiuTBt .. .. .. .. 500 

5. Placing a fence of proj)er design round the graveyard . . 200 


" The whole sum is larger than can be granted by the 
War Office, hence the necessity of an apyjeal to the Navy, 
to the Army, and to the public for contributions. 

" A confident hope is entertained that many persons 
will come forward to aid in restoring its sacred appearance 
to the ancient place of worship, containing or oversha- 
dowing as it does the remains of General Sir Charles 
Napier and many other gallant soldiers and sailors." 

Colonel Shadwell, having read the circular to the 
meeting, observed that " a provisional committee had been 
formed, a sul)Scription list opened, and that a few per- 
sons had already contributed, Lord William Paulet having 
lieaded the list with £50 as his first subscription." 

In order that matters might take an active form, 
Colonel Sir J. William Gordon, k.c.b , Commanding Koyal 
Engineer, moved, and Admiral Sir Henry Chads, G.c.B. 
seconded, the first resolution, viz. : — 

" That a vigorous effort be made by means of the 
combined action of the inhabitants of this town, of the 
members of the united services who have been and are 
resident therein, as also of those in any way interested in 
Portsmouth, to restore the ancient chapel of Saints John 
the Baptist and Nicholas, now used as a garrison chapel, 
to a state wuirthy of the site on which it stands, and of tlie 
memory of the brave men who lie interred therein." 

This was unanimously agreed to. It was further 
determined to nominate a committee to carry out the 
resolution, and to rerpiest Lord William Paulet to remain 
chairman of the general committee. 



The committee was formed in due season, and, on the 
15th of August, met for the purpose of electing an exe- 
cutive committee. It was then decided that such com- 
mittee should consist of twelve members, who were at once 
nominated. Between the 15th of August, 18G5, and the 
end of January, 18G6, nothing was done beyond arranging 
committees, corresponding wdth the War Department and 
the architect, and raising subscriptions by private effort ; 
but on the 24th of the latter month, the names of the 
general and executive committee were " approved and 
ordered to be printed." They were as follows : — 

Adjutant-General to the Forces. 

The Bishop of Winchester. 

Admiral Sir Michael Seymour, g.c.b. 

Adml. Sir Thomas Pasley, Bt., k.c.b. 

♦Admiral Sir H. D. Chads, G.c.u. 

Lieut-General Foster, e.e. 

*Rear-Admiral Wellesley, C.b. 

*Maj or- General Sir J. W. Gordon, 

K.C.B., r.e. 
*Major-Gen. T. R. Mould, c.b., r.e. 
♦Major-General W. H. Elliott, r.a. 
Major-General Tate. 
♦Colonel ShadweU, War Oflace. 
CoL Sir A. Aliscn, Bart., c.b., a.a.g- 
R. W. Ford, Esq. (Ex-Mayor) 
♦Colonel Wodehouse, c.b., r.a. 
♦Colonel Hadden, r.e. 
*J. W. MiUer, Esq., m.d. 
♦The Rev. N. H. McGachen, m.a. 
♦The Ven. Archdeacon Wright, m.a.. 

Chaplain to the Forces. 

*The Rev. J. E. Sabin, m.a., Chap- 
lain to the Forces. 

The Rev. H. St. George, Chaplain to 
the Forces. 

The Rev. S. Beal, m.a., Chaplain to 
the Royal Marine Artillery. 

*E. M. Wells, Esq., (Mayor of 

*C. B. Hellard, Esq. 

♦Major-Gen. Alexander, c.b., r.m.a. 

Colonel Longden, k.A. 

Major-General H. Man-iott, r.m.l.i. 

Lieut. -Colonel Meehan, StaflF Officer 
of Pensioners. 

♦Captain McCoy, J. P. 

Colonel Boulderson. 

Major-General Paynter, c.b., r.a. 

Colonel Willis, q.m.o. 

Major Breton, Town Major. 

*W. G. Chambers, Esq. 

Of which thnne marled * arc the Exccntive Committee. 
Hon. Secs. : Colonel G. A. Schombcrg, c.b. and Captain Molesworth, r.e. 

The executive committee, now in a position to work 
effectually, made every possible effort to begin the restora- 
tion ; and so successful was that effort that on the 21st 

DOM us DEI. 43 

of November, 18G6, a contract was signed by tlie chairman 
Lord William Paulet, for the execution of I'arts 1 and 2. 
at an outlay of £3135, together with an organ chamber 
(£178) ; the latter sum being guaranteed by a member of 
the committee. It will be at once seen that the cost of 
the restoration had seriously increased. The total expense 
estimated in 1865 for the complete restoration of the 
church was £3500, but when tenders were called for, so 
greatly had labour and material advanced in price, that 
the money required reached £5000. Under these circum- 
stances, the Minister of War increased the government 
grant to £2000, and so enabled the committee to proceed 
in their work with all confidence. On the 10th of Febru- 
ary, 1868, when the builders, Messrs. Sims and Marten had 
nearly completed their contract, a letter was received from 
Sir J. William Gordon, stating, that a consultation had 
been held between Lord William Paulet and himself, and 
that, with the consent of the committee, they would jointly 
advance and pay into Messrs. Grants' bank £450, the amount 
required for completing the boundary wall and bell 
turret. This was a most acceptaljle offer, as it not only 
secured the execution of Parts 4 and 5 of the scheme, but 
also necessitated the improvement of the churchyard, 
which was in a most disgraceful condition. Any attempt 
to describe its state would of necessity prove a failure, so 
utterly had it been neglected for years. Brick graves 
abounded ; some tottering, some in ruins ; lofty iron rail- 
ings covered with rust and sadly nuitilated, stood round 
begrimed tombs, of which much was hidden by accumu- 
lated dirt and rank grass ; head stones were everywhere 
and in every direction ; deep hollows and irregular mounds 
alternated ; and round all stood a thick, high wall, inviting 
the thoughtless to use God's Acre as a receptacle of dead 
animals and old kettles. The restoration of the fabric of 
the church would have been seriously marred, had not the 
opportune and generous offer of Sir J. William Gordon, 
enabled the committee to proceed at once with the 
boundary wall, while the etjually kind consideration of 


Lord William Paulet, allowed tliera to biiild, without fur- 
ther delay, an elegant bell turret. 

In order that the churchyard might be duly cared for, 
and everytiiing done with a becoming caution, a sub-com- 
mittee was appointed ; and to its prudent exertions nuist 
be attributed, the well arranged walks and generally neat 
appearance of the ground. That which before Avas a 
disgrace became by degrees an ornament. 

A sum of four thousand guineas had now been ex- 
pended. Let us see what it had produced. The west 
front of tlie church had been rebuilt, and one bay added 
to the length of the building, thereby affording further 
internal accommodation ; new roofs had been put to the 
chancel and nave, and new windows ; an organ chamber 
l)uilt, and all the walls and pillars thoroughly repaired. 
Further, a handsome bell turret had been raised, and a 
substantial stone wall, suj)po]'ting an appropriate iron rail- 
in "■, had been carried round the churchyard. The resto- 
ration had been a dissolving view ; the ugliness of the old 
deformity had gradually disappeared, and the beauty of 
God's House gradually developed ; until at length the 
Garrison Church commanded the admiration of all who 
examined it. 

But, internally there was yet much to be done. The 
floor from one end to the other was of earth, and in several 
places there were large holes opening into deep vaults. It 
was therefore necessary at once to lay a concrete founda- 
tion throughout the building, to tile the chancel, to flood 
the nave with cement, and then to provide temporary 
fittings, which included 800 chairs. The estimate for all 
this was much smaller than expected. The whole cost 
would amount to only £825. Still this outlay, together 
with the then existing debt, would involve the committee 
in a responsibility of nearly £850. ISir J. William Gordon 
once more came to the rescue, and removed every impedi- 
ment to progress. At a meeting, held on the 1 9th of June, 
1868, a letter was read from him stating "that he was 
very v/illing to forego his claim for repayment of the loan 


lent by him to the Eestorntion Fund, until money liad 
been collected for completing the clmncel and nave, and 
supplying the chapel with chairs. He hoped that by such 
arrangement, the chapel might be opened to the troops for 
Divine Service on the 1st of November, 18G8. 

Every exertion was made to meet the wish of Sir J. 
William Gordon, and with such success, that on Friday, 
the 30th of October, 18G8, a bright and happy day, the 
old Garrison Church of Portsmouth received a crowded 
congregation, to offer to the God of Forces grateful thanks 
for having permitted them so thoroughly to restore their 
holy building. The sermon, which was deeply heart stir- 
ring, was preached by the Ifight Eeverend The Lord Bishoj) 
of Winchester. His Lordship was received at the gate of 
the church by a large body of the local clergy, together 
with many chaplains of H. M. Forces. The offerings 
amounted to £75 Is. 8d. 

The building was riow out of the hands of the con- 
tractors, and the committee being in a position to request 
the War Department to appoint a Board of officers to 
survey the work, the secretary wrote a letter to that 
effect, and also informed the War Department, that, 
as the building had been prepared for service, the com- 
mittee wished to give it over as temporarily fitted, 
until such time as they were in a position to resume and 
complete the restoration. A letter was also' written to 
Mr. Street, asking him to name a day when, with the 
officials appointed by the authorities, he could inspect 
the works. 

After a short delay, the Board of survey was ap- 
pointed, and the Avork examined. Mr. Street expressed 
himself thoroughly satisfied. The only objection made, and 
certainly a very reasonable one, was that of the officer of 
engineers. Captain Keith, who recorded on the face of the 
report, that, as there was no porch at the southwest end 
of the south aisle, the means of ingress and egress were 
too limited. In all other respects the restoration was 
declared a great addition to the beauty of the town, and 
to the convenience of the trarrison. 



As this is a special sera in the restoration, it may be 
well here, for the information of subscribers and all inter- 
ested, to give a brief statement of monies received and 
monies expended, up to the time when the War Depart- 
ment took over the building from the contractors : — 

Received from War 

do. ,, Lords 

the Admiralty 
By sale of old lead 
Subscriptions to 27th 

January, 1869 
do. unpaid 

Grant for Gas, War D 

Balance unpaid 
















£4736 3 5 

Contract for general work 3135 
do. Or<?an Chamber 178 
do. Bell Turret . . 135 
do. Boundary Wall 304 13 4 
do. Concrete, Tiles, 
and Marble steps for 
Chancel .. 185 13 

Extras in interior, inclu- 
ding Concrete and Ce- 
ment for Nave & Floor 102 16 3 

Gas Fittings, including 

Metre and Standards . . 113 14 4 

Exterior of Chapel (ex- 
tras) and Grave Yard 63 5 8 

Chairs for Chancel (feNave 97 9 

Fitting up Chancel, &c. 39 7 1 

Books for Church ; Prin- 
ting, Postage, Carriage, 
Stationery, &c., &c. . . 78 16 4 

Extras to foundation of 

NewWaU, West End 39 8 8 

Mr. Street, Architect, his 

account .. 263 8 8 

£4736 8 8 

H. B. TUSON, Capt. R.M. Art., Hon. Sec. 
N.B. Full details are given in the audited account. 

The debt, on February 9, 1869, was £927 16s. 5d. 
an amount which would have daunted some committees 
But, throughout this work of years, there never was for a 
single moment any doubt as to money coming in when 
required. Ever confident, the committee held on courage- 
ously, and the public seemed grateful for their uuflinchiug 
resolution. They were also greatly supported in their 
appeals by the following flattering official communication. 

War Office, Llarch 4th, 1869. 
]\Ty dear Archdeacon, 

I ought long ago to have told you how much I was 
delighted, during my recent official visit to Portsmouth, 


with all that I saw in your restored Church. Your 
committee deserves great praise for the knowledge, 
as well as the perseverance, which has been displayed in 
planning and carrying into effect such a plan of perfect 
restoration. The work, as now com])leted, will bear com- 
parison with anything of the kind that has ever been 
attempted in this country ; and the Government, not less 
than the Army, ought to feel (and must feel, if the matter 
be seriously looked into) the most profound gratitude for 
the exertions which all of you have made. I wish that it 
were in my power to congratulate the committee on being 
free from debt. But it is hardly possible to believe, if the 
case be brought fairly before the public, that gentlemen, 
who have exhibited such rare liberality, not less than pa- 
tience, should be left for any length of time burthenecl 
with the responsibility comparatively so insignificant as 
that of a few hundred pounds. 

Believe me, 

Yours very sincerely, 

To the Venerable Archdeacon Wright, 
Chaplain to the Forces, Portsmouth. 

Subscriptions continued to flow in freely. On the 5th 
June, 1869, the debt was reduced to £685 Is. 3d., and, on 
the 80th June, 1870, there remained only a small deficit of 
£278 7s. 5d. 

It was now that the War Department determined to 
carry on Part 4, the reseating of the church, by means of 
a committee composed entirely of military men ; Heads 
of Departments and officers commanding coips being ex- 
Ojficio members. This change was announced by letter, 
elated Aiigust 13th, 1870, which ended with tlie following 
passage : — 

" In making tliis communication to you, Lt.-Gen. Lord 
Templetown requests you to be good enough to convey to 
the executive committee the thanks of the Secretary of 
State for War for its past labours, and for the manner in 

48 DOM us DHL 

which the restoration has been carried out. He congratu- 
hites the members on the great improvement to the build- 
ing which has resulted from their untiring efforts." 

A rei)ly to Lord Templetown's official communication 
was drawn up, and in due time the honorary secretary to 
the new committee forwarded an official statement, that 
the responsibility fjr the debt to Lord William Paulet and 
to the trustees of the late Sir J. William Gordon would be 
taken over from the old committee. Upon this, a full and 
complete statement of accounts was prepared by Captain 
Tuson, li. M. A., and sent, with all the bank-books, sub- 
scription lists and papers, to Major Barker, for the use and 
information of the new committee. 

It is only right that the almost last act of the old' 
committee should be placed before the public ; as it speaks 
of those whose names will long be remembered in the story 
of the restoration of the " Domus Dei " of Portsmouth. 

"This committee cannot separate without recording 
their high sense of tlie valuid)le labours of Miijor-Oeneral 
Schomberg, CB., Colonel Sliadwell, C.B., the late Captain 
Molesworth, ii.E., Lieut.-Colonel Chads, and Captain Tuson, 
R.M.A. ; who, as honorary secretaries, so zealously exerted 
themselves. They would also offer their grateful thanks 
to Captain Tuson, for the accuracy with which he ha,s 
kept the records connected with the restoration, as well 
as for the admiralde manner in wliich he has attended to 
the accounts, which now cover a period of five years." 

The new committee began its labours on the 8 1 st of 
October, 1 870, having on it one member who had through- 
out worked with the old committee. This proved conve- 
nient, as there was always one at hand, who could give 
informati(m of all previous proceedings, and also state 
what had been found the best modes of obtaining assistance 
from the public. The debt was now only £201 lis. Od. 

During the first year of the new regime, the attention of 
the committee was chiefly confined to obtaining money, and 
tlie erection of the memorial stalls, for which the old commit- 
tee had collected nearlv £400. 1^^' mean.s of a bazaar, held in 


August, 1871, all debt was paid off, a tender for erecting 
forty-two handsome stalls was accepted, and in so pro- 
mising a condition was the restoration fund, in October 
1871, that the committee considered it might contidently 
provide the long desired south porch and a vestry. The 
vestry had become absolutely necessary, as an organ had 
been presented to the church, and would soon occupy the 
organ chamber, which had been used as a temporary 
vestry. The porch had from the beginning been delayed 
solely through the want of funds. When the plans for the 
porch and vestry were submitted to the Secretary of State 
for War, his approval was communicated in terms of un- 
measured ap[)robation. The following letter from the 
Chaplain General, conveying that approbation, will be as 
satisfactory to the subscribers as it was encouraging to the 

War Oflfice, September 28th, 1871. 
My dear Archdeacon, 

The official application for leave to act upon 
Mr. Street's plan in building a porch, and otherwise 
bringing to a close the great work of church restoration 
in Portsmouth, has just been submitted to me. I do not 
lose a moment in begging you to express to the committee 
of management the high sense I entertain of the patience, 
perseverance, and excellent spirit, which they have dis- 
played in carrying forward towards its ha])py completion 
an undertaking from which most men would have shrunk. 
The Church in the Army is greatly indebted to thern for 
work done from first to last so wisely and so well. 

I assure you, — and I request that you will make this 
statement to the committee, — that, in the admiration 
which I experience, tlie Secretary of State fully shares. 
The restored church will be an enduring monument in a 
righteous cause of the gentlemen who have taken a leadiufT 
part in making it what it is. 

Ever yours sincerely, 
Gr. E. GLElCx, Chaplain-General 
To the A^en. Archdeacon H. P. AVright, m.a., 
Chaplain to the Forces, Portsmouth. 



It now only remained to floor and seat the nave to 
complete tlie compact originally made with the War De- 
])artment. This part of the restoration, the committee 
determined to carry out, by doing a Lay at a time. A 
resolution was therefore passed, to proceed with the tiling 
of the first bay at once, and to place seats in it as money 
was forthcoming. On the 20th of June, 1872, designs 
were supplied by G. E. Street, R.A., for the tiling, and for 
simple but handsome and substantial open oak seats ; and 
early in July a tender was accepted for tiling the church 
from the chancel steps to the first pillar, and constructing 
benches as required. It is confide utly expected that 
by the assistance of departments, corps, and friends the 
few hundred pounds (£700 j required for finishing the 
nave, in other words for completing the restoration, will be 
speedily forthcoming. l\mds have as yet always been 
])rovided as wanted, and, now that the end is so near at 
hand, it woukl be folly to despond. 

But it may reasonably be said, while all must admit 
the skill of the architect and generosity of the public, 
which together have so thoroughly restored one of the 
most consistent and interesting examples of early English ; 
what proof is there that the army has by such restoration 
been spiritually benefitted. It is not always easy, but 
generally very difficult, to measure spiritual inlluences. I 
can sim]:)ly say that the soldiers now speak of their church 
wntli pride, and many of them find it a true house of peace 
to them. At the voluntary services thousands of soldiers 
and civilians now worship together (thanks to the liberality 
of the government) in a free church — a freedom which 
gathers Sunday after Sunday crowded congregations. As 
a testimony of the great usefulness of the restored church 
to the army, I will ask the reader to receive the witness 
of a true soldier, one who at home and abroad, in the field 
and in days of peace, has been a marked and honoured 
member of his great profession. When, in December last, 
the committee determined to make a general appeal to the 
army for funds, I wrote to Lieut. -Colonel Kent, commanding 


the 77th Eegiment, the following letter ; and received from 
him an answer, which will, I trust, lead all friends of the 
soldier to help the committee complete a work, which has 
now been actively going on over a period of seven years. 

Portsmouth, December 2Gth, 1871. 
My dear Colonel, 

As the Government and general Public have 
been very liberal, and enabled us to produce so satisfactory 
a restoration of the ancient and, I may now say, beautiful 
Garrison Church, the committee are about to ask every 
officer in the service to contribute. The sum so raised 
will we trust enable us to complete our work. Many re- 
giments on foreign stations know nothing of Portsmouth 
Garrison Church, and desire before they give, to be quite 
sure that the money provided will be wisely expended. 
As you are about to leave this garrison will you kindly 
say how far the restored church has been of use to you 
and your corps. Officers require not merely the appeal 
of the chaplain, which may or may not be judicious, 
but also the testimony of some one of themselves. You 
and the 77th have had a long experience of the restored 
Garrison Church and its services, and what you say will I 
am sure be considered fairly and generously by other 

Yours faithfully, 

To Lieut.-Col. Kent, Commandimr 
77th Eegiment, Portsmouth. 

Portland, 5th January, 187:^. 
My dear Archdeacon, 

I had not time liefore leaving Portsmouth to 
answer your letter, and since I came here I have been too 
busy ; but I had not forgotten it, and liave no hesitation in 
saying that the beautifully restored Garrison Churcli was 
of the greatest benefit and advantage to my I'cgiment 
during the year and a half that we were (quartered in tlic 
old Clarence barracks. In proof of which I nia\ mention 


that wliereas it was a rare sight to see a soldier at the 
voluntary services, when I was last quartered in Ports- 
mouth some years ago, you may now see scores and scores. 
And not only has the church been so beautifully restored 
as to render it one of the finest examples of ecclesiastical 
architecture in the kingdom, but, I assure you, until I went 
there some eighteen months ago, I had no idea it was 
possible to make the military service so cheerful and 
attractive. I shall always take the deepest interest in it, 
and don't know anything that would afford me greater 
satisfaction than to see the work of restoration carried out 
to a successful completion, a froipos to which I shall feel 
obliged by your bringing to the notice of the committee, 
that it is our wish to present one of the windows on the 
north side of the nave, if there is no objection to our doing 
so. It will be a lasting memorial of our very pleasant 
stay at Portsmouth, and will serve to hand down the 
names of our dear brother officers, Orpen and Weigall, to 
future generations. 

Yours very sincerely, 

To the Venerable Archdeacon H. P. Wright, m.a.. 
Chaplain to the Forces, Portsmouth. 

I need say no more upon this matter, as I am sure the 
letter of such an officer will persuade every reasonable 
mind, and secure the help of every generous heart. 

As I look upon the fine old Garrison Church, which, 
for nearly 700 years, has been a blessing to generation 
after generation ; as I walk up its noble, lofty nave ; as I 
enter its deep, beautifully groined chancel ; 1 feel grateful 
indeed to the holy, and skilled, and generous men, who pro- 
duced the Hospital, of which now our Garrison Church is 
the sole remain. And this will be the feeling of all who 
visit the valuable relic. "Well did one dear to the Church, 
a leader in everything high and heavenly ; one who, alas f 
was so suddenly and so early taken from us ; one from 
whose lips it was my privilege to receive many a learned 


lesson, well did he write when he thus pleaded with ns : — 
" Let ns reverence the spirit of self-sacrifice of tlie 
dark ages (as we contunielionsly term theru), and see with 
what a nohle ardour the men of those days devoted all — 
money, time, thought, hope, life itself — to raising for God 
and man shrines as worthy of God as human hands could 
raise, and fit and able to lift man's thoughts and hopes 
beyond earth, and lead them on heavenward. They did 
not sit down to sum up the exact cost of glorifying God ; 
they did not calculate exactly how many the holy roof 
would cover ; they knew with their hearts, if their tongues 
never uttered, the truth — 

' High Heaven disdains the love 
Of nicely calculated less or more.' 

And in the spirit of that higher philosophy, they gave all 
they could, knowing that they gave not in vain. And 
vain it has not been. No. As year by year the pealing 
anthem has fallen on the charmed ear ; and nave, and 
choir and aisle have unfolded their awful perspective to 
the astonished eye : if a human, as well as a heavenly 
register could have been kept, to tell what transports of 
love, of devotion, of heartfelt penitence, of rapture, and of 
tears, the holy walls have witnessed, and sent up in memo- 
rial on high ; the lowest of all the low, the utilitarian 
himself, if he believed that there is another world beyond 
the grave, would be constrained to allow, that the riches 
lavished oir the Abbey, the Cathedral, tlie Parish Church, 
(and the " Doinus IJei "} were always spent wisely and 

* The llevorend Huji;-h James Rose, b.d. 



N order that any one, visiting the Garrison Church, 
may at once learn sometliing about it on the spot, 
I will now act as guide, and draw attention to the chief 
objects of interest in the restored building. The story of 
the " Domus Dei " as told in the early part of this book, 
will then be read with greater interest. Let us first study 
it from the outside. Eemember that you are not looking 
upon an old church, formed of chancel and nave, but 
upon an ancient " House of the Sick and Infirm " now 
called the nave, and their chapel ; in other words upon a 
Hospital for the cure of the bodies and souls of destitute 
sufferers — a true " Domus Dei." The building is through- 
out well proportioned. This is the result of the skill of the 
great architect, G. E. Street, e.a., who extended the nave 
one bay, and so brought it to its original length, his corner 
stone and that of the old Infirmary falling on precisely the 
same spot : a great triumph on the part of Mr. Street, as 
when he formed his plan, nothing whatever was known of 
the destruction of the western bay in the time of Eliza- 
beth. The porch, charming in design and thoroiighly well 
built, is a recent addition ; but you will observe that there 
is, as it were, a continuous buttress running from the porch 



>. Jiii 


along the south aisle, ami rising suddenly about two feet at 
the east end. This has evidently been at one period all 
equally high, as the marks of the upper weathering can be 
easily traced. Many arcliaiologists have examined this 
wall, and strange have been the conjectures aliout it. A 
walk to the east end of either aisle will help, I think, tore- 
move the difficulty. It will there be seen that the roof of 
the aisles originally came down at a nuich steeper pitch, 
terminating at the weathering of the thick wall. The line 
of the old roof is quite distinct, the stone work above it 
being palpably of a much later period. There were th(M'e- 
fore no two light windows as at present, but in the thick 
wall, low down, there were narrow Early English piercings 
about six in number ; of which one fortunately remains 
perfect, a second presents its lower half, while further west- 
^^'t^rd we find only the sill ; all plainly indicating that the 
sick within received light by a succession of small, narrow 
windows. But why, it may be asked build the south wall 
sor thick ? Because at first it was designed to make the side 
aisles broader than they now are. The south wall was 
built to such design, and so were the east ends with a win- 
dow in each ; but when the work had proceeded thus far it 
was determined, for some wise reason we may suppose, to 
narrow the aisles. A second wall was therefore necessary 
on the south side, which at once accounts for the seemingly 
continuous buttress and its weathering ; while, on the north 
side, the wall, which had not been commenced, was brought 
in to reduce the width of the aisle, and a splay left at its 
east end so as not to interfere with the beautiful three- 
light window already completed. The idea that the small 
window still existing in the south wall was a squint, by 
which the chantry altar could be seen, is evidently worth- 
less, as the chantry is of a date much later than that of 
the window. This is the only explanation T can suggest 
with res])ect to the curious north wall which has been so 
frequently examined and discussed, and the suggestion is 
supported by the fact, that, when the Church was extended 
the workmen found two walls, one within the other. 


Tlie Corl)el Table, which is commonly given as a beau- 
tiful example in the more imi)ortant works on Gothic 
architecture, is well worthy of attention ; but, beyond it, I 
am not aware that there is anything more connected with 
the extei'ior of the church calling for special remark. 

Let us now enter the building. As the door is opened 
the stranger is at once surprised and impressed. The lofty 
arches, and their broad space, give a grandeur to the interior 
which was little expected ; and so does the simple substan- 
tial roof carrying the eye far above heavenward. Along 
the narrow aisles you can picture the sick pilgrims stretched 
on their wooden bedsteads, kindly ministered to by the 
brothers and sisters ; and, if you walk to the east end of 
either aisle, you will at once perceive that the window is 
not in the centre, but was evidently pierced for a width 
which would have been secured had the first design for 
wider aisles been carried out. J\lany of the corbels in the 
nave are remarkable, indeed almost unique. They seem as 
it were to bud gracefully out from the capitals, and show 
exquisite taste and ingenuity on the part of the architect. 
The two aisle windows toward the east were, before the 
restoration, covered by lath and plaster and mural tablets. 
Their original form has been strictly preserved. 

Generally speaking, the Gapclla Infirmorum, the 
chapel of the intirmary, was separated from the Doimis 
Infirmorum, the hall of the infirmary, by a wall rising to 
the roof, and having a door in the centre. This was cer- 
tainly the case with the Portsmouth "Domus Dei," the 
doorway being marked on the Henry YIII. Plan, No. 16, 
but the partition was for convenience pulled down, when 
the haU was taken into use for public worship. The change 
was far from a disfigurement, for it opened out a deep and 
handsome chancel, to which the hall became au equally 
handsome nave. 

The chancer is 53 feet long and 22 feet broad, with 
a noble groined vaulting chastely bossed at the inter- 
sections, the ribs supported by delicate vaulting shafts 
with plain, foliaged, and grotesquely headed corbels. Above 


the vaulting is a spacious false roof, giving the proper 
pitch to the roof of the building. The three lancet win- 
dows at the east end with trefoiied head, are exactly what 

^ they were when the chuich was first built, but those on the 
north and south sides, while filling the old openings, are 
new in design and greatly admired. Each is ornamented 
by two Purbeck marble shafts. 

The pavement of the chancel is throughout a union of 
encaustic tiles and marble ; that of the altar space having a 
very rich appearance from the introduction of bauds of green 
glazed tiling. The old sedilia were found nearly destroyed, 
but fortunately just sufficient remained to secure the design, 
which has been carefully copied. The piscina is close to 
the east wall, and near it a credence table, divided by a 
Purbeck marble shaft. On the north side of the altar, in 

'the east wall, is a spacious alniery running in deeply south- 
wards. 1'he altar rails are perfectly plain, but supported 
by wrought iron standards of exquisite pattern. Before the 
restoration the two doors in the chancel were concealed by 
pannelling, That at the west end is the entrance to the 
belfry, which in old hospitals and monastaries, was 
commonly placed without the west end of the south side of 
the church.* J\Iany ask if this door did not formerly lead 
to a rood-loft, forgetting that rood-lofts are rarely (1 fancy 
never) found so early as the beginning of the thirteenth 
century. In the belfry hung the two bells mentioned in 
the Deed of Amicable Settlement, A. 13. 1229. If the chan- 
cel has a failing it is in height ; but, as a whole, it is of its 
kind rarely surpassed. AVe will now proceed to examine 
its gifts and memorials. 


Is the gift of the Iieverend John E. Sabin, M.A., Chaplain 
to the Eorces, 1st class, to whom Portsmouth is greatly 
indebted for its now beautiful Garrison Church. He was 

* Arclicclogia Cantiana Page 201. No. 30. 


one of the very first movers in the work (they so often are 
forgotten while others get the credit) and has been a 
generous subscriber. The altar was designed 1)y G. E. 
Street, K.A., and made by Messrs. Bramble Brothers, Port- 
sea. The dimensions are as follows : — length, 9 feet ; 
height, 3 feet 9 inches ; breadth, 2 feet 9 inches. It is of 
the finest oak and handsomely pannelled. 


Occupying a spacious Organ Chamber which runs back 
from the centre of the north side of the chancel, is an 
offering made by the Sunday evening congregation and 
fricDds. The builder was Mr. A. Hunter, of 379, Kenning- 
ton Eoad, Lamlieth, whose skill as an organ builder is well 
known throughout Portsmouth ; and, especially so, for the 
brilliant instrument constructed for Mr. J. l). Antill, of 
Portsea, which is one of the largest organs in the county. 
Indeed it may justly be said, that Mr. Hunter, by his 
genius and perseverance, has secured a reputation which 
places him among the very foremost in his ])rofession. 
The synopsis of the Garrison Church Organ is as follows: — ■ 

GREAT ORGAX— Compass Double C to G. 

6 Flute . . . . CC to G 

7 Twelfth . . . . C!C; to G 

8 Fifteenth . . . . VV to (J 

9 Mixtuie Four Ranks CC to G 

1 Double Diapason . . CC to G 

'i Open Diapason ., CC to G 

3 Dulciana . . Ten. C to G 

4 Stopped Diai^ason . . CC to G 

5 Principal . . CC to G 

SWELL ORGAN— Double C to G. 

10 Double Diapasfin . CC to G 

11 Open ])i;.i>:is<in . . Ten. C to G 

12 Stopped Diapason .. CC to G 

13 Principal . . . . CC to G 

14 Mixture Three Ranks CC to G 

15 Cornopian . . CC to G 

16 Oboe . , . . CC to G 


17 Open Diapason . . CCC to F I 19 Coupler Swell to Pedals 

18 Coupler Great to Pedals | 20 Coupler Swell to Grc^at 

Three composition Pedals aeting- on the Great Organ and two on tb( 
Swell Organ. 




Forty-two iu number, of the finest oak, arc all memorials 
telling of England's gallant soldiers and sailors. They 
were made after the l)eautiful design of G. E. Street, E.A., 
by Mr. G. W. Booth, of 21, King William Street, Charing 
Cross. The carving, which is of the highest order, was 
executed by jNIr. Earp, of London. Each stall has an 
appropriate brass prepared by INIessrs. Clayton & Bell. 
The following are the ofticers to whose memory the stalls 
have been dedicated : — 


1 Admiral Viscount Nelson, G.c.i?. 
. 2 Field Mar.shal The Duke of Wellington, ic.G 

3 Alfwinc, Bishop of Winchester, (A.D. 1032) 

4 General Sir John Moore, K.c.ii. 

6 General Viscount Hill, g.c.b. 

C Field Marshal Lord Raglan, G.c.n. . . 

7 Field Marshal Sir Alexdr. AVoodford, g.c.b. 

8 Admiral Sir Henry Ducie Chads, G.c.ii. 

9 General Sir John Macdonald, g.c.b. 

10 Sir James McGrigor, Bart. 

11 General Sir Alexander Dickson, g.c.b. 

12 General Sir Hercules Pakenham, g.c.b. 

13 General Sir George Brown, g.c.b. 

14 General Sir Charles Napier, g.c.b. . . 

15 General Sir William Napier, k.c.b. . . 

16 General Sir George Napier, k.c.b. 

17 General Sir James Outram, Bart., g.c.b. 

18 General Sir George Charles D' Aguilar, k.c.b, 


H.R.H. The Duke of Edin- 
burgh, K.G. 

.II.R.H. The Duke of Cam- 
Lridge, k.g. 

Bishop of Winchester. 

, Licutcnant-General Viscoiuit 
Templeto^\^l, k.c.b. 

, Viscount Hill. 


Lieutenant- General Viscoimt 
Templetown, k.c.b. and 
the Viscountess Temijle- 

. Sons and Daughters. 

The lato liieut. Gen. the Hon, 
Sir J. Yurkc Scarlett, 

Army Medical Department. 

12th Brigade Royal Artilhuy, 

Mrs. Thistlethwayte. 

Colonel Willis, c.B. 

Lady C. Napier. 

, His four daughters. 

.Major-Gen. W. C. E. Napier. 


Mj.-Gen. D' Aguilar, r.a.,c.b. 


19 General Sir George Cathcart, G.c.B. .. . . Earl Cathcart. 

20 Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Barnard, K.c.B. Colonel Barnard. 

21 General Sir Harry Jones, r.e., G.c.n. . .Friends. 

22 Lieutenant General The Hon. Sir J. Yorke 

Scarlett, G.c.B. .. .. .. The Hon. Lady Yorke Scarlett 

23 Major General Sir J. W. Gordon, r.e., K.c.B.Lieut.-General Lord William 

Paulet. G.c.B. 

24 Major-General Strangways, r.a., c.b. .•.Officers of Royal Artillery. 

25 Major-General Sir Henry W. Adams, k. c.b. Officers 49th Regiment. 

26 Major-General F. Adams, c.b. . . . .Officers 28th Regiment. 

27 Colonel "Wodehouse, R.A. , C.B. .. ..Widow and daughters. 

28 Officers (Etonians). Eton College. 

29 Officers (Harrovians). .. ., .. Harrow School. 

30 Officers (Rugbeians). Rugby School. 

31 Colonel Carpenter, C.B. 41st Regiment. ..Major Carpenter. 

32 Officers of Army Medical Department. . . Army Medical Department. 

33 Colonel J. Hinde King, c.b. Gren. Gds. ..Brothers and Sisters. 

34 Colonel Egerton, C.B. Officers, 77th Regiment. 

35 Officers, 49th Regiment Officers, 49th Regiment. 

36 Major Butler, Cey. Rif. (killed at Silistria) . .Captain Butler. 

37 Captain Butler 5oth Regt. (killed at Inkermau) fficers 55th Regt. 

38 Captain Cassan, Knight of Windsor. . . His Widow. 

39 Twelve Chaplains who died during the Army Chaplains. 

Crimean War 

40 Captain Sir Robert Newman, Bart. Gren. Gds. Sir Lydston Ne-\vman, Bart. 

41 Rev. Pierce Butler, Crimean Chaplain. . .His Widow. 

42 Captain Hatchell, ■13rd Regt. L. Inf. . .Officers 43rd Regt. L. Inf. 

Admiral Viscount Nelson and Field Marshal The Duke of Wel- 
lington need no record of services here. Their deeds are written on 
the heart of every patriot, and are told of in the brightest pages of 
England's history. The story of each graces volumes. 

3 Alfwine, of AVinchester, was a renowned and successful 

warrior against the Danes. He held the See from 1038 to 1047. 

4 General Sir John Moore, g.c.b., entered the Army when only 15, 

and served with distinction in Corsica, as Colonel ; in the West Indies 
as Brigadier-General ; in Ireland during the rebellion of 1798, and in 
the expedition to Holland as a General of Staff. He was in Egypt 
with the army xuidcr Abercromby, and obtained the order of the Bath 


for his scr\nccs in command of the reserve. \Vlion war again broke 
out in 1802 Moore served in Sicily and Sweden. In 1808 he was sent 
with a corps of 10,000 men to strengthen the English army in the 
Peninsula, and at the close of that year was instructed to co-operato ■ 
with the Spaniards. The apathy of the Spaniards and the overwhelm- 
ing numbers of the French compelled him to retreat after the fall of 
Madrid. In December he began his disastrous march from Astorga to 
Corunna some 250 miles. On his arrival at Corunna with an army worn 
by hardships, he was compelled to fight. On the 16th January, 1809, 
the battle was fought. While leading the 42nd Regiment in a brilliant 
charge he was struck by a cannon-ball on the left shoulder and died 
in the mouient of victory. A monument was erected to his memory in 
St. Paul's Cathedral. 

General Viscount Hill, g.c.b., second son of Sir John Hill, Bart., 
of HaM'kstone, entered the army at the age of fifteen, and obtained a 
Captaincy before he was twenty. He was Avith Moore at Corimna. Ho 
also served in the campaigns of 1809, 1810, and 1811, imder the Duke 
of Wellington, and displayed great gallantry and great talent as a 
Commander. When the army returned home the fame of General 
HiU was second only to that of Wellington. He was created 
Baron Hill, of Almarez and Ilawkstone, received a parliamentary 
grant of £2000 a year ; and both title and anniiity were granted to his 
nephew in remainder. He was also made a G.C.B. He commanded a 
division at Waterloo, and remained with the anny of occupation, as 
second in command, until it qxiitted the French territory. He was 
Commander-in-Chief of the army from 1821 to 1842. After his resig- 
nation, he was created a viscount. He died December 10, 1842, in his 
seventy first year. 

Field Marshal Fitzroy James Henry Somerset Lord Rag- 
lan, G.C.B., eighth son of the fifth Duke of Beaufort. He entered 
the amjy in his 16th year, and in 1807 served on the staff of th"; Duke 
of Wellington in the expedition to Copenhagen. As Lord Fit/.roy 
Somerset, his name became a household word. He was present at all 
the great actions of the Peninsular campaign. He was among the 
first to mount the breach at the storming of Badajoz, and it was to him 
the Governor gave up his sword. On the return of Napoleon from 
Elba, he served under the Duke in Flanders, and lost his sword arm 
at Waterloo. From 1827 to 1852, he was military secretary to the 
Commander-in-chief. On the death of the Duke, in September of 


that year, was made Master-General of the Ordnance, and in Octubcr 
was called to the House of Peers as Baron Raglan of Raglan. In 
1854 he was appointed commander of the English forces which were 
despatched to Tiu'key. The victory of the Alma, the flank march to 
Balaklava, the battle of Balaklava, the sanguinary struggle at Inker- 
man, (which obtained for him the baton of Field-Marshal) and tho 
siege of Sebastopol, will ever be closely connected with the name of 
Raglan. Early in June, 1855, he suffered from a slight attack of 
cholera, which became at last violent and carried off the great soldier on 
the 28th of June, 1855. Ha\'ing been present at the death of Lord 
Raglan, the following extract from my note-book may not be unin- 
teresting. " The room was small and with little furniture in it. 
Colonel Somerset and Lord Bm-ghersh stood on one side of the neat, 
naiTow, camp bed, Dr. Prendergrast at its head. Colonel Steele and 
General Airey on the other side. I stood next, close to the dying hero. 
As I uttered the words ' peace to this house and all that dwell in it,' 
all fell on their knees. At the close of the heart searching serxdce, I 
placed my hand upon the bread, handsome forehead of the noble 
soldier, and commended the departing soul to the keeping of God. A 
few minutes after the great man went to his rest. Colonel Steele then 
asked me to pray that those present might be strengthened. I did so, 
and heavy grief sat upon the hearts of all who joined in that solemn 
appeal to heaven for aid." May England have many such sons, and 
when afflictions like those of 1854 threaten her armies, may she 
have as devoted and as able a servant as Lord Raglan ! His Lordship 
received the gold cross and five clasps for Fuentes d'Onor, Badajoz, 
Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle, Nive, Orthes and Toulouse ; 
and the silver war medal and five clasps for Roleia, Vimiera, Tala- 
vera, Busaco, and Cuidad Rodrigo. He also received the Crimean 
medal and clasps for Abna, Balaklava, and Inkerman, and a large 
number of foreign orders. 

7 Field Marshal Sir Alexander Woodford, g.c.r., son of Colonel 
John "Woodford fonnerly of the Grenadier Guards, and of Susan Gordon, 
eldest daughter of Cosmo George 3rd Duke of Gordon, and Widow of 
John 9th Earl of Westmoreland, was bom in 1782, and entered the anny 
in 1794, as Cornet in the 14th Light Dragoons. In 1795, was appointed 
a Lieutenant, and in 1799, joined the 9th Foot, from Winchester 
School, and was present in the campaign in North Holland in 1799. 
Was severely wounded in the action of the 19tli September that year at 


St. Morel, and was ^M/.ettcd killed. In 1800 wa.s c.\clian{?cd and 
returned to England, and promoted by purchase to ii Captain Lieu- 
tenancy in the 9th Foot in the .siinie year. Exehuujjed into the Cold- 
stream Guards as Lieutenant and Captain in 1800. Appointed to the 
Staff as Aide de Camp to Major General The Honorable James Forbes, 
afterwards Lord Forbes, and was stationed at Ashford and Dover, 
forming- part of the army assembled on the coast to repel the threatened 
Invasion in 180!i. In 1807, Sir Alexander rejoined the Coldstream for 
the Expedition to the Baltic, and was present at the capture of Copen- 
hagen, and served with a detachment of liis regiment, under tlio 
eouiniand of Col. Spencer, iOth Regiment, in assisting to fit out the Fleet in the dock yard. In ISUb, he resumed the Statf-appoint- 
ment as Aide de Camp to Lord Forbes, and served ■with him in Sicily 
in 1808, 18o9, and 1810. In that year ho was promoted by purchase 
to be Captain and Lieutenant-Colonel Coldsti-cam Guards, and joined 
the 2nd Battalion the same year. In 1811, he joined the 1st Battalion 
serving under the Duke of Wellington in Portugal, and was present at 
the Siege and Capture of Ciudad Iludrigo, and ^\^th the corps covering 
the Siege of Badajois ; he commanded the Light Companies of the 
Guards at the Battle of Salamanca, in the defence of the Arapiles^ was 
present at the Captiu-e of Madrid, and the Siege of Bui'gos. Comman- 
ded the rear-guard of the army in the retreat from Burgos. In 1813 
succeeded to the command of the 1st Battalion Coldstream Guaids, and 
was present at the battle of Vittoria, and during- the operations before 
San Sebastian, and in the Pyrenees. Was present at the passage of 
the Bida.ssoa, and entry into France, and at the crossing of the Nive 
and Nivelle, and at the afiUir before Biarritz m December, 1813. Was 
also present at the crossing of the Adour, and the investment and 
sortie from Bayonne, and at the entry into Bordeaux. In 1814, em- 
barked in the Gironde for England, and was promoted to 2nd Major 
Coldsti-eam Guards, ha\-ing been previously appointed Aide de Camp 
to the Prince Regent. In 1815, took the command cf the 2nd Battalion 
Coldstream Guards at Brussels, and was present at the action at 
Quartre Bras, 16th Jimc, and at the battle of Waterloo. Was engaged 
as senior officer in the defence of Hougoniont, by the Duke of Wel- 
lington's special order, from mid-day until night. Entered Franco a 
2nd time at the head of the Coldstream, at ISIalplaquot, and was present 
at the Captiu-e of Paris, and remained during the winter in garrison in 
that city. Served with the Army of Occupation fur three years at 


Cambray, and embarked for England from Calais in 1818. In 1820 
was promoted to be Lieutenant-Colonel Coldstream Guards. In 182.5, 
■was made Major General, and appointed Lieut-Governor of Malta in 
tliat year, and as Major General on the Staff in the Ionian Island.s in 
1827 and .second in command. Acting' Lord High Commissioner in 1832. 
Was appointed Lieut. -Governor of Gibraltar in 1835, and succeeded 
Lord Chatham as Governor in 1836, and remained in command until 
1842. Appointed Colonel of the 40th Regiment, and was President of 
the Clothing Board for several years. Was President of the Crimean 
Inquiry. Was appointed Lieut. -Governor of Chelsea in 1850, and 
Governor in 1868. Appointed Colonel of the Scots Fusileer Guards in 
1863, and Field Marshal in the army in 1868. The Field Marshal had 
received the Peninsular and Waterloo Medals. The Gold Medal for 
Salamanca, Vittoria, and the Nive, as well as the cross of Maria The- 
resa, and St. George of Russia, and was Knight Grand Cross of the 
Militaiy Order of the Bath, and of St. Michael and St. George. 

8 Admikal Sir Henry Ducie Chads, g.c.b., entered the Royal Naval 
Academy at 12 years of age, and in 1803 embarked on board the 
Excellent, 74, and shared in the defence of Gaeta and the capture of 
Capri ; promoted 5th November, 1806, and emploj-^ed in the Illustrious, 
74. In July, 1808, joined the Iphigenia, 36 guns, and was actively 
engaged in attackmg the Isle Bourbon, and particularly distinguished 
himself at the capture of I'lsle de la Passe leading the storming party. 
On the recapture of Bourbon by an overwhelming French squadron, 
Lieut. Chads was made prisoner, but relieved from a wretched capti- 
vity on the subsequent reduction of the Mauritius, and re-appointed 
first of the Iphigenia. In August, 1812, as senior Lieutenant of Java, 
46 guns, miserably manned, fought the renowned action with the 
powerful and ably equipped American ship, Constitution, 56 guns and 
485 veterans. Captain Lambert having been mortally wounded, Lieut. 
Chads (himself severely wounded) gallantly continued the struggle, 
until compelled to strike to his giant antagonist after a contest of three 
hours and fortj' minutes, the Java having become a sinking hulk. 
This action secured promotion and the command of the Columbia, 
sloop of war. Commander Chads afterwards distinguished himself at 
Guadaloupe in 1815. In 1823, he joined the expedition against Ran- 
goon, and there his exertions were .so conspicuous and eflPectual that he 
was advanced to Post rank, created a c.b., and received the thanks of 
the supreme Government of India, and high commendation of the 


House of Comnions at home. Captain Chads was next ongapfed 
in forcing the passage of the Bocca Tigris, September, 1834, com- 
manding the Andromache from 1831 to 1837. In 1841 he again 
proceeded to China in conmiand of the Cambrian, returning home in 
1845, and from August, 1845, till he attained Flag rank in 1854, was 
Captain of the Excellent, Gunnery ship, and Superintendent of tho 
Royal Naval College. In 1846, he was awarded the Captain's good 
service pension. Captain Chads reformed the whole system of gun- 
nery, both as regards weight of metal and rapidity of fire. In tho 
war ■\\-ith Russia, Rear Admiral Chads hoisted his Flag on board 
the Edinburgh, and distinguished himself at the capture of 
Bomarsund. He struck his Flag in 1855, and as a reward for his 
ser\'ices, was created a k.c.b. From 1850 to the end of 1858, he held 
the command-in-chief in Ireland, and in 1865, was created a g.c.b., 
and received the Admiral's good service pension. Sir Henry Ducic 
Chads, as sailor, citizen, friend, and father, was honoured and beloved 
by all who knew him. 

General Sir John Macdonald, g.c.b., Colonel Commandant of 
the 42nd Highlanders (The Black Watch) served with tho 89th in 
Ireland duiing the Rebellion of 1798, and was present at the battles of 
Ross, Vinegar Hill, and other principal actions. 

In 1799 and 1800 he was at the siege of La Valetta and capture of 
Malta. He served in Egypt the three folloAving years, and was 
present in the action when landing on the 8th March, and also in the 
frvvo other general actions fought on the 13th and 21st March, 1801. 

In 1807, he was employed as Military Secretary to Lord Cathcart, 
whilst his Lordship commanded the King's Gemian Legion as a 
distinct army in Swedish Pomerania, as well as during the subsequent 
attack upon, and capture of, Copenhagen and the Danish Fleet. In 
1806, he served in the Walcheren expedition, and had charge of the 
Adjutant Genei'al's Department of the reserve commanded by Sir John 
Hope. The following year he was employed as Deputy Adjutant 
General to tho force allotted to the defence of Cadiz, under Lieut- 
General Graham, and was present at the battle of Barossa. In 1813 
and 14, he was employed in charge of the left wing of the Peninsular 
army, and in that capacity was present in the actions upon the Nive, 
and in the affairs which attended the closing of the blockade of Ba- 
yonne, and at the action brought on by the general sortie from that 
fortress. Sir John received a medal for ser\nces in Egypt, and the 
gold medal and one clasp for Barossa and the Nive. 


10 Sin James McGregor, Bart., entered the service in September, 

1793. He served in Holland and Flanders in 1794 and 5 ; in the West 
Indies in 1796; in the East Indies 1798; in Egypt, as superintending- 
surgeon of the Anglo-Indian army in 1801 ; with the army at Wal- 
cheren in 1809, and in the Peninsula from 1811 to the end of the war. 
Sir James has received the war medal with four clasps for Badajoz, 
Vittoria, PjTenees and Toulouse. In 1815 he was placed at the head 
of the Medical Board. Knighted 1814 — created a Baronet in 1831, 
received rewards for long and brilliant services in the field, and for 
many works of high talent bearing upon the health and well-doing of 
the soldier. 

11 Major-General Sir a. Dickson, g.c.b., k.c.h. entered the lioyal 

Artillery on the 6th November, 1794. 

It is rot possible to do justice to the services of an officer who was pre- 
eminently the first artillerjTnan of his day, and one of the most dis- 
tinguished of the many celebrated officers who served under the great 
Duke of Wellington. 

As a Lieutenant he was present at the capture of Minorca in 1798, and 
and at the blockade of Malta, and surrender of La Valctta in 1 800. Here, 
as subsequently at Monte Video, he served as acting engineer. 

As a Captain he commanded his company at the seige and captui-e of 
Monte Video, and the attack upon Buenos Ayres in 1807. He pro- 
ceeded to Portugal in 1809, and served as Brigade-Major to the Royal 
Artillery under Colonel Howorth at the affair at Grigo, the capture of 
Oporto, and subsequent expulsion of Soult from Portugal in 1809. 
Shortly after this time he was given the command of the Portuguese 
artillery, with the local rank of Lieut- Colonel, and by this arrangement 
Lord Wellington was enabled to overcome the technical difficulty ari- 
sing from the regimental seniority of other officers, and to treat Dickson 
as virtual chief of his artillery. 

He commanded the Portuguese artillery in the battle of Busaco, and at 
the Lines of Lisbon (Torres Vedras) in 1810, at the affair of Campo 
INIayor, the siege and capture of Olivenca, and the battle of Albuera in 

He commanded the aitillery operations in 1811, at the first and second 
sieges of Badaj OS, under Lord Wellington's immediate orders; also at 
the siege and capture of Ciudad Rodrigo, the siege and capture of 
Badajos, the attack and captm-e of the forts of Ahiiaiaz, the siege and 
ciipturc of the forts of Salamanca, and the siege of Burgos in 1812; 


;md he cominanded the reserve artillery of the army at the battle of 
Salaiuiinca. and at the capture of the Retiro, ^ladrid, in the same year. 
Colonel Sir W. Robe, who commanded the Artillei-y of Lord Wellinf?- 
ton's iimiy, having- been severely wounded at Burf^os, was obliged to 
return hoim^ and the chief command of the artillery was then conferred 
by Lord W( lliup:t()n upon Dickson, who, by virtue of his rank in th(> 
Poi-tugucsc artillery, Avas the senior officer of that arm in the Allied 

He commanded the Allied artillery at the battle of Vittoria, 1813 ; the 
siege and capture of St Sebastian, the passage of Bidassoa, battle of 
Nivolle, and battle of Nive in 1813 ; and at the passage of the Aduur, 
and battle of Toulouse in 1814. 

The next campaign of Lieut-Colonel Dickson was the inglorious one of 
New Orleans in 1814 — 15. He commanded the artillery of the expediti- 
onary force and was present in the attack on that place and at the capture 
of Fort Bowyer, Mobile, 

Retiu-ning from America early in the year, he was present and engaged 
in the battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo, and subsequently command- 
ed the battering train with the Prussian ai-my at the sieges of Mau- 
benge, Landrecies, PhiUippeville, Marienbourg, and Rocroy, in July 
and August, 1815. 

To record the occasions on which this distinguished officer was 
honourably mentioned in public despatches would be to recapitulate 
nearly the whole of the foregoing actions. 

Captain Dickson was promoted to Brevet-Major and Brevet- Lieutenant 
Colonel in 1812, but, almost incredible to relate, he received no further 
promotion until 1825, when he attained the same rank regimentally, 
and was also aido-dc-camp to the King, with rank of Colonel in the 
army, on the 27th May, in the same year. 

In September, 1822, he was appointed Inspector of Artillery, and 
Deputy- Adjutant-General, Royal Artillery, on 10th April, 1827, in suc- 
■cession to Lieut-General Sir J. Macleod, upon whose decease in January, 
1833, he was appointed Master-Gunner, St. James's Park. 

In 1838 upon the death of Lieut-General Jlillar, he succeeded that 
officer as Director-General of Artillery (Field Train Dei)artment) , 
which appointment was combined Anth that of Deputy- Adjutant-Gen- 
eral during his life. Sir A. Dickson was also a Commissioner of the 
Royal Military College,, and Public Examiner at Addiscombc 
I 2 


He was created a Kniglit Commander of the Bath in January, 1815, 
and on the 28th June, 1838, was made a Grand Cross of the same 

He was also a Knight Commander of the Guelphic Order (k.c.h.), and 
was in receipt of a good serv'ice pension of £365 per anniuii. 
The following- medals and Foreign Orders were conferred upon Sir 
A. Dickson, viz : — 

(1) The gold cross and six clasps for the following battles and 
sieges in which he held a command of Artillery : — Albuera, Busaco, 
Ciudad Rodrigo, Badajos, Salamanca, Yittoria, St Sebastian, Nivelle, 
Nive, Toulouse, 

(2) Medal for Waterloo. 

(3) The Prussian Order of Merit. 

(4) Knight of the Tower and Sword of Portugal. 

(5) Portuguese medal for Peninsular "War. 

(6) Spanish gold and enamel cross for Albuera. 

At the conclusion of the Peninsular War a most gratifying testimonial 
to his great merits was presented to him by his brother oflBcers of the 
Royal Artilleiy (many of whom were his seniors in the Regiment) in 
the shape of a handsome sabre, on the blade of which is the following- 
inscription : — 

" This sword is presented to Sir Alexander Dickson, k.c.b. and k.t.s 
by the Officers of the Royal Ai-tillery, who had the honour to serve under 
his command in the memorable campaigns of 1813-14, as a lasting mark 
of their gratitude to him for that zeal wliich added so much to the re- 
putation of his Corps, at the sieges of St Sebastian, and in the battles 
of Vittoria, Nive, Nivelle, Orthes, and Toulouse, the latter of which so 
successfullly terminated their long and arduoiis ser\'ices in Spain and 
France, under the Duke of Wellington." 

Major-General Sir Alexander Dickson died in London 22nd April, 
1840, aged 63, and was buried in Plimistead Churchyard, with military 

Among the celebrated artillerymen whose names and deeds add lustre 
to the annals of the corps, there is no name greater or more deserving 
of remembrance than that of Sir Alexander Dickson. 

12 General the Honourable Sir Hercules Pakenham, g.c.b. 
served at the siege and capture of Copenhagen in 1807, also the Penin- 
sular Campaigns of 1808-9-10-11 .and 12, including the battle of 
Roleia, Vimiera (wounded), Busaco, and Fuentcs d' Onor, siege and 


storm of Badajoz (spvoroly wounded at the assault), he was also 
wounded in the aetion of Obidos, l.jth Aug:ust, 1808. Sir Hercules 
has received the pold medal for Busaco, Fuentes d' Onor, Ciudad 
Rodrigo, and Badajoz ; and the silver war medal with two clasps for 
Roleia and Yimicra. 

He was eight years Governor of Portsmouth commanding the South 
"Western District. 

13 General the Right Honourable Sir George Brown, g.c.b. 

served at the siege and capture of Copenhagen in 1807 ; in the Penin- 
sula from July 1813 to May 1814, including the battle of Vimiera, 
passage of the Doui'o and capture of Oporto, with the previous and 
subsequent actions ; battle of Talavera (severely wounded through 
both thighs), action of the Light Division at the bridge of Almeida, 
battle of Busaco, the diflferent actions during the retreat of the French 
army from Portugal, action at Sabugal, battle of Fuentes d' Onor 
siege of San Sebastian, battles of the Nivelle and Nive, and the invest- 
ment of Bayonne. Sir George served afterwards in the American 
War, and was present at the battle of Blandensburg and capture of 
Washington, was slightly wounded in the head and very severely in 
the groin at Blandensburg. This hero of a hundi-ed fights commanded 
the Light Division throughout the Crimean War. He received the 
war medal with seven clasps for the Peninsula, and a medal and four 
clasps for service in the Crimea, was made G.c.b. and presented with 
the highest French service and Turkish decorations. After the 
Crimean War, Sir George commanded the troops in Ireland. 

14 General Sir Charles James Napier, g.c.b. The three Napiers, 

Charles, William, and George — were known in the Peninsular War as 
' Wellington's Colonels.' Charles the eldest, before he was twelve 
years old, received a commission in the 22nd foot. His first service 
was in the Irish rebellion, 1798, and in the insurrection, 1803. Com- 
manded the 50th throughout the campaign terminating vvith the battle 
of Corunna, when he was taken prisoner after receiving five wounds, 
viz. leg broken by a musket shot, sabre cut on the head, in the back by 
a bayonet, ribs broken by a cannon shot, and several severe contusions 
from the butt end of a musket — returned to the Peninsula the latter 
part of 1809, where he remained until 1811, and was present at the 
action of the Coa (had two horses shot under him), battle of Busaco 
(shot through the face, also jaw broken and eye injured), battle of 
Fuentes d' Onor, second siege of Badajoz, and a great number of 


skirmishes. In 1813 lie served in. a floating expedition, on the coast of 
the United States of North Amerioa ; served also the campaign of I8I0 
find was present at the storming of Cambray. 

Commanded the force employed in Scinde, and on the 17th February, 
with only 2800 British troops, he attacked and defeated, after a des- 
perate action of three hours' duration, 22,000 of the enemy strongly 
posted at Meeanee. On the 21st February, Hydrabad surrendered to 
him, and on the 24th March, with 5000 men he attacked and signaUy 
defeated 20,000 of the enemy posted in a very strong and difficult posi- 
tion at Dubba, near Hydrabad, thus completing the entire subjugation 
of Scinde. Early in 1815, with a force consisting of about 5000 men of 
all arms, he took the field against the mountain and desert tribes, 
situated at the right bank of the Indus to the north of Skiharpore, and 
after an arduous campaign, he effected the total destruction of the hill 
robbers. He was in due time Commander-in-Chief of the army in 
India. Sir Charles received the gold medal for Corunna, and the 
silver war medal with two clasps for Busaco and Fuentes d' Onor. 
He was g.c.b. and Colonel of the 22nd foot. He was the first English 
general who ever recorded in his despatches the names of private sol- 
diers. Never lived a truer soldier than Charles James Napier. 

15 Lieutenant-General Sir William Francis Patrick Napier, 
K.C.B., served at the siege of Copenhagen and battle of Kioge in 1807 ; 
Sir John Moore's campaign of 1808-9; the subsequent Peninsular 
campaigns from 1809 to the end of the war in 1814, and was present in 
many of the soul stirring scenes which he has described with so much 
ability in his admirable " History of the Peninsular War," including 
the action of the Coa (wounded), battle of Busaco, actions of Pombal, 
Redinha, and Casal Nova — was severely wounded at the head of six 
companies supporting the 52nd ; action of Foz d'Arouce, battle of 
Salamanca, passage of the Huebra, action of Vera, when Soult attempt- 
ed to relieve San Sebastian ; and again, when the Allies passed the 
Bidassoa ; battles of the Nivelle and Nive — wounded in defending the 
churchyard at Arcangues ; battle of Orthes ; served also in the cam- 
paign of 1815. 

Sir William received the gold medal and two clasps for Salamanca, 
Nivelle, and Nive, at which battles he commanded the 43rd Light 
Infantry, and the silver war medal with tliree clasps for Busaco, 
Fuentes d' Onor, and Orthes. He died Februaiy 12, 1860, aged 74. 

16 Lieutenant-General Sir George Napier, k.c.b. accompanied 
the expedition to Sweden and from thence to Portugal in 1808, when 


he became Aide-de-Camp to Sir John Moore, in which capacity ho 
served the Corunna campaign, and was at the battle of Corunna, and 
the actions which preceded it, served afterwards with the 52nd in the 
campaigns of 1809-10 and 11, when he was made Brevet Major — ho 
and liis brother William being two out of eleven chosen by Lord 
Wellington on the occasion of Massena's retreat. He gained the 
brevet of Lieutenant-Colonel for leading the storming party at the 
smaller breach of Ciudad Rodrigo, where he lost his right ann, having 
had the same arm broken at the action of Casal Nova, and again 
wounded during the siege of Ciudad Rodrigo, two days before he lost 
it in the breach. 

He was also wounded at the battle of Busaco, while in the act of 
striking N\-ith his sword a French Grenadier at the head of the enemy's 
attacking column. 

In 1813 he rejoined the 52nd, and was present at the battle of Orthes, 
the action of Tarbes, and the battle of Toulouse. Sir George was 
made K.c.B. and received the gold medal for Ciudad Rodrigo ; and the 
silver \^ar medal and three clasps. He was Governor and Commander- 
in-Chief of the Cape Colonies. 

Lieutenant-General Sir James Outram, g.c.r. went to India as 
a cadet in 1819, and was made lieutenant and adjutant of the 23rd 
Bombay Native Infantry. From 1835 to 1838 he was engaged in re- 
establishing order in the Matie Kanta. He went under Lord Keane to 
Afghanistan as aide-de-camp, and his ride from Khelat through the 
dangers of the Bolan Pass will long be famous in Indian annals. He 
became political agent at Guzerat and commissioner at Scindo. He 
was afterwards resident at Sattara and Baroda, and on the annexation 
of Oude, was made resident and commissioner by Lord DaUionsie. 
He was also commissioner with diplomatic powers during the 
Persian war. Landing at Bombay in July 1857, he went to Calcutta 
and was placed by Lord Canning in charge of the forces for the relief of 
Lucknow. His career during the mutiny was of the noblest kind, and 
upon him greatly depended the success of our arms. For his eminent 
services, he was made Licutenant-General in 1858, and received the 
thanks of Parliament in 1860. He took his seat as a member of the 
Supreme Council of India, but his failing health compelled him very 
soon after to resign and return to England. A statue was voted to him 
in Calcutta and noble g:ifts bestowed upon him. In England his 
numerous admirers erected a statue to his honour in London, and 


presented him with a valuable dessert service. He spent the winter of 
1861 and 1862 in Egypt, and after a short residence in the south of 
France, died in Paris, March 11, 1863. His ser\aces in the East as a 
soldier and diplomatist extended over a period of forty years, and never 
did hero set a brighter example of moderation, humanity, and practical 
Christianity in all his dealings with the natives of India. 

18 Major-Genekal Sir George Charles D'Agxtilar, k.c.b., served 
eight'ycars in India during the wars of Scindia and Holkar, and was 
present at the siege and storm of Baroach in Guzerat, in August, 
1803; at the reduction of Powenghar in Malwa in 1804; the capture 
and occupation of Ougein, the capital of Scindia, in 1805 ; also at the 
several assaults upon the fortress of Bhurtpore in 1806, in the last of 
which he was wounded. Served subsequently in Walcheren at the 
siege of Flushing. Also in Sicily, the Greek Islands, and the coast of 
Spain, where he was present in 1813 at the action of Biar, and defeat 
of ISIarshal Suchet at CastaUa. Joined the army in the Netherlands 
under the Duke of Wellington in 1815, and was present at the capture 
of Paris. 

Major-General D' Aguilar served twenty six years on the general staff, 
of which eight were as Assistant Adjutant-General (principally under 
the Duke of York) and twelve as Adjutant-General of the aniiy in 

He commanded the expedition which in 1847 assaulted and took the 
Forts of the Bocca Tigris in the Canton river, those of the staked 
barrier and those of the city of Canton, spiking 879 pieces of heavy 
19 Lietjtexant-General the Hoxolrable Sir George Cath- 
cart, K.C.B., son of William, Earl Cathcart, was bom in 1794, 
joined the 2nd Life Guards when he was 16 years of age and fought 
with the grand ai-my in the campaigns of 1812 and 1813 as Aide-de- 
Camp to Lord Cathcart ; was engaged at Lutzen 3rd May, Bautzen 20th 
and 21st May, Dresden 28th August, Leipsic 18th and 19th October, 
1813; Brienne 1st February, Bar-sur-Aube 21st March and Fere 
Champanoise 25th March, 1814. 

Serv-ed also the campaign of 1815 as Aide-de-Camp to the Duke of 
Wellington, and was present at the battles of Quatre Bras and 
Waterloo. In 1837, he proved himself an energetic and efficient 
officer in quelling the outbreak in Canada. In 1852, he was made 
Governor of the Cape of Good Hope with commnnd of the forces, and 


brought to a successful end the harassing Kafir war. He returned to 
England in time to take command of a division during the Crimonn 
war, and was deemed one of the ablest and most active of the generals 
of the army in the East. His bravery was ever conspicuous, especially 
so at the battle of Inkcrman, when he fell a hero, beloved and res- 
pected by all who knew him. I well remember that early in the 
evening of the day our army reached the heights above Sebastopol, Sir 
George Cathcart sent my friend to Lord Raglan, offering to take 
Sebastopol at once with the 4th Division. It was my melancholy duty 
to bury this true nobleman and deep was the sorrow of our army at the 
loss of so gallant a soldier. His work entitled Commentaries on the 
War in Eussia and Germany in 1812 and 1813 has always been 
deemed a master-piece. 

20 Major-General Sir Henry Barnard, k.cb., entered the Guards 

at the age of 15, was with the army of occupation and acted as Aide- 
de-Camp to his tmcle. Sir Andrew Barnard, g.c.b. ; served in Jamaica 
as Aide-de-Camp to Sir John Keene, and with the Guards in Canada 
during the rebellion. He commanded a Brigade in the Crimea, was 
afterwards Chief of the Sttdf and in command of the 2nd Division 
when ijeace was made. In February, 1857, he proceeded to India and 
was appointed to command the Umballa Division. Almost immedi- 
ately after his arrival there, the mutiny broke out, and he was actively 
employed in organizing the Delhi field force. On the death of Major- 
General Anson, he succeeded to the command of the army before 
Delhi, and after much successful fighting, died July 5th, 1857, worn 
out by toil, constant exposure to the sun and anxiety. Medal and 
clasp for the Crimea, k.cb.. Commander of the Legion of Honour, 
Commander 1st class of the Military Order of Savoy, and 3rd class of 
the Medjidhe. 

21 General Sir Harry Jones, k.e., g.c.b., served in the expedition 

to Walcheren in 1809. Also the campaigns of 1810, 11, 12, 13, and 
14, including the actions and sieges of Cadiz, Tarragona (1811,) 
Badajoz (1812,) Vittoria, St. Sebastian, passage of the Biddasoa, 
NiveUe, Nive, Bayonne. 

"Was wounded leading the forlorn hope at the first assault of St. Sebas- 
tian. He received the silver war medal with five clasps. "Was 
appointed commanding engineer of the fortifications on Montmartre 
after the entrance of the English troops into Paris, in 1815. Ap- 
pointed a Brigadier-General for paiticular service in the Baltic in 


1854, and commanded ttio British forces during the siege operations 
against Bomarsund, in the Aland Isles, and for his services in the 
Baltic, was made Major-General. Appointed to command the Royal 
Engineers in the Eastern campaign in 1855, which he retained until 
the fall of Sebastopol ; was wounded in the forehead by a spent grape 
shot on the 18th June. Medal and clasp, k.c.b., Commander 1st class 
Military Order of Savoy, &c., &c. Formed one of the Council of 
"War hfld in Paris in Januaiy, 1856, when he received the Cross of 
Commander of the Legion of Honour. Was made governor of the 
Militarj' CoUege, Sandhui-st, and created g.C.b. 

22 Majoe-General Sir John William Gordon, k.e., k.c.b., served 

in the Crimea, and was at the battles of the Ahna, Inkerman, and at 
the siege of Sebastopol. He greatly distinguished himself throughout 
the war, was severely wounded, a ball passing through both arms while 
he was directing the siege operations ; received brevet rank of Major, 
Lieutenant-Colonel, and Colonel, c.b., fourth class of the Medjidhe, 
Officer of the Legion of Honour, and medal with three clasps for Alma, 
Inkerman, and Sebastopol; was afterwards created k.c.b. 

23 Lieutenant-General the Honourable Sir James Yorke 

Scarlett, g.c.b., served the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, in com- 
mand of the Heavy Cavalry Brigade, and afterwards of the Cavalry 
Division ; greatly distinguished himself at the battle of Balaklava, also 
at Inkerman and the Tchernya, and the siege and fall of Sebastopol. 
Medal with thi-ee clasps, k.c.b.. Commander of the Legion of Honour, 
Sardinia and Turkish medal and 2nd class of the Medjidhe, was 
afterwards Adjutant General and while in command of the troops at 
Aldershot Campi was created g.c.b. 

24 Brigadier-General Thomas Fox Strangways served as a 

young subaltern with the Rocket Troop of the Royal Horse Artillery, 
sent to Germany and placed imder the orders of the Crown Prince of 
Sweden in 1813, and was engaged at the battle of Goerde, 15th Sept- 
ember, and the actions around Leipzig, 16th-19th October, 1813, during 
which he succeeded to the command of the troop, his irmnediate com- 
mander. Major Bogue, having been killed. For his services on that 
occasion he received the order of "St. Anne" from the Emperor of 
Russia, and the order of the " Sword " and a gold medal for " bravery 
and good conduct" from the Crown Prince of Sweden, both of whom 
were eye-witnesses of his gallantry during that short but eventful 
campaign. He served in the campaign of 1815, and was dangerously 
wounded at Waterloo. 


On the outbreak of the Ci-imean War, he embarked \ritTi the Araiy f or 
the East as a Lieut-Colonel of Horse Artillery, and succeeded to the 
command of the whole of the Artillery (on General Cator's resig- 
nation through sickness) with the rank of Brigadier-General. He 
landed with the army in the Ciimoa, and was present at the battles of 
Alma and Balaklava, and the first bombardment of Scbastopol. On 
the morning of the 5th November, 185-1, at the great battle of Inker- 
man, General Stningways was on horseback at Lord Raglan's right 
hand, when a shell from the enemy burst among the staff, and carried 
away his left leg. The shock was so great that he died about an hom- 
afterwards. Lieut.-Colonel Adye, the Assistant Adjutant-General to 
the Artillery, was with him when he fell, and received his last words. 
He was bui-ied the following day on Cathcart's Hill, deeply lamented 
as a brave, chivalrous officer, and a kind friend. A nobler soldier never 

25 Major-Genebal Sir Hexry William Adams, k.c.b. commanded 

the 18th Royal Irish in the following operations — in China, 1840-1842, 
(medal) viz., the first taking of Chusan, storming and taking the 
heights above the city of Canton, capture of Amoy, second capture of 
Chusan, storming and taking the fortified heights of Chinhae and 
capture of the city of Ningpo. Was Brigadier-General with the Army 
of the East, commanded a brigade of the 2nd Division at the battles of 
the Alma and Inkerman, and died in Scutari Barracks, Dec. 19th, from 
wounds received in the latter action, before his well earned honours 
reached him. 

26 Major-General Prank Adams, c.b. commanded the 28th Regt. 

thi-oiighout the Eastern campaign of 1854-55, including the battles of 
Alma and Inkerman, siege and fall of Sebastopol, and action of 18th of 
June in the cemetery. Succeeded to the command of the Brigade on 
Sir William Eyre being wounded, and brought it out of action. Medal 
and three clasps, C.B., Officer of the Legion of Honour, Sardinian war 
medal and 3rd class of the Medjidhe. 

27 Colonel Wodeiioitse, r.a., c.b. served the Eastern campaign of 

1854-55, including the affairs of Bulgaria and McKenzie's Fiirm, the 
battle of Alma, Balaklava, and Inkerman, (horse killed) siege of Sebas- 
topol and repulse of the sortie on the 26th October, 1854. Medal and 
clasps, C.B. Knight of the Legion of Honour, 5th class Medjidhe and 
Sardinian medal, and afterwards Aide-de-Camp to the Queen. A 
model soldier, without fear and without reproach. 


28 ETONIANS who were killed or died of disease during the Crimean 
James Hxtnter Blaik was M.P. for Ayrshire and Lt-Col. Scots 

Fusiliers Guards ; killed at the battle of Inkerman, November 

5th, 1854. 
The Hon. John William Hely Hutchinson, Captain 13th 

Light Dragoons ; died at Scutari, 1855. 
Lieut. Kekewich, 20th Regiment, was at the battles of Abna, 

Balaklava and Inkerman, slightly wounded in the last battle; 

died at Corfu, February 16th, 1855, aged 18. 
Lieut. Francis Richard Hunt, killed at the attack on the Redan, 

June 18th, 1855. 
Frederick Luxmoore, Lieutenant 30th Regiment, killed at the 

battle of the Alma, September 20th, 1854. 
Frederick Henry Ramsden, Captain Coldstream Guards, killed 

at the battle of Inkerman. 
Leonard Neill Malcolm, 2nd Lieutenant Rifle Brigade, killed 

in the Crimea. 
James Charles Murray Cowell, Lt.Col. Coldstream Guards, 

killed at Inkerman. 
The Hon. Grey Neville, 5th Dragoon Guards, died of wounds 

received in the Cavalry Charge at Balaklava. 
Henry Langhorne Thompson, c.B.,oneof the gallant defenders 

of Kars, formerly 68th N. Infantry, died a few days after his 

return home in 1856. 
Heneage Wynne, Major 68th Light Infantry, killed at Inkerman. 
Horace William Cust, Captain Coldstream Guards, a.d.c. to 

General Bentinck, killed at the battle of the Alma. 
William Whitaker Maitland, died of disease contracted in the 

Ashton Samuel Yate Benyon, Lieut. 53rd Regiment, died from 

exposure in the Crimea, 1855. 
Robert Henry Payne Crawfurd, Captain in the 96th Light 

Infantry, died in the Crimea. 
Herbert William Wilberforce, Lieutenant r.n., eldest son of 
the Bishop of Winchester, died at Torquay, 1856, on his return 
from the Baltic. 
Charles Francis Seymour, Lieut-Colonel Scots Fusilier Guards, 
served in the Kafir War, and fell at Inkerman. 


Charles Augustus Penrhyn Boileau, Lieutenant Rifle Brigade, 

died at Malta, 1855, of wounds received before Sebastopol. 
Arthur Ferdinand Platt, Major 49th Regiment, died at Scutari, 

Edward Rowland Forman, Captain Rifle Brigade, was killed in 

an assault on the Redan in 1855. 
Lacy "Walter Yea, Lieut.-Colonel 7th Royal Fusiliers, was killed 

at the storming the Redan, 1855. 
Hon. Sir George Cathcart, k.c.b., Lieut-General, killed at 

Inkerman, while in command of the 4th Division of the British 

Army in the Crimea, 1854. (See Stall No. 19, P. 72.) 
Edward John Wellesley, Major 73rd Regiment, Assist-Quar- 

Mast-General, died of cholera after the battle of Inkerman. 
James Molesworth, 7th Royal Fusiliui's, died at Malta on his 

retiuTi from the Crimea. 
Henry Astley Sparke, Lieutenant 4th Dragoons, killed in the 

Balaklava Charge, 1854. 
John Barry Marshall, Captain 4th Light Dragoons, died of fever 

in the Crimea. 
George Henry Proctor, Balliul College, Oxford, Assistant Chap- 
lain in the Crimea, died of fever at Scutari, 1855. 
George Duckworth, Captain 5th Dragoon Guards, died in Varna 

Bay, on board the ' Bombay,' in 1854. 
John Arthur Freeman, Captain Scots Greys, died at Balaklava, 

Cornelius Gichan Sutton, 23rd Fusiliers, died the night the 

troops landed in the Crimea, September 18th, 1854. 
Augustus Cox, Lieut-Colonel Grenadier Guards, died at the Alma 

on the arrival of the Army there, September 21st, 1854. 
AuDLEY Lempriere, Captain 77th Regiment, killed before Sebas- 
James Birdsharpe, Major. 
Charles Luke Hare, Captain 7th Royal Fusiliers, died 1854 of 

wounds received at the battle of the Alma. 
Henry Montolien Bouverie, Captain Coldstream Guards, killed 

at Inkerman. 
Heniu' Townsend, Captain. 
Francis Byan Davis, Lieutenant Grenadier Guards, died at sea of 

wounds received before Sebastopol, 1854. 


Hon. Granville Chaeles Coknavallis Eliot, killed at Inker- 
Herbert Millingdamp Vaughan, 95tli Regiment, wounded and 

taken prisoner in attack on Redan, died in Hospital. 
Hon. Francis Grosvenor Hood, Lieut-Colonel Grenadier Guards' 

killed in the trenches before Sebastopol, 1854. 
John Henry Upton Spalding, Midshipman, was killed in the 

trenches before Sebastopol. 
Owen Gwyn Scawden Davies, Lieutenant 38th Regiment, killed 

in the Crimea, 1855. 
Buncombe Frederick Ball Buckley, Captain Scots Fusilier 

Guards, lulled in the trenches before Sebastopol, 1855. 
Henry Thorold, Ensign 33rd Regiment, was shot thi-ough the 

heart while serving out cartridges at Inkerman. 

29 HARROVIANS who fell in action, or died of disease, during the 
Crimean War. 
Major-General James Bucknall Estcourt, Adjutant General 

of the Anny in the East, died of cholera in the Crimea on the 

24th of June, 1855, aged 53 years. 
Lieut-Colonel The Hon. Thomas Vesey Dawson, Coldstream 

Guards, fell at the battle of Inkerman on the 5th of November, 

1854, aged 35 years. 

Lieut-Colonel James Brodie, c.b., 30th Regiment, fell mortally 
wounded in the attack on the Redan, on the 8th of September, 

1855, aged 32 years. 

Captain Hylton Jolliffe, Coldstream Guards, died of cholera in 
the Crimea, on the 3rd of October 1854, aged 28 years. 

Captain George Lockwood, 8th Hussars, Aide-de-camp to the 
Earl of Cardigan, fell in the Light Cavalry Charge at Balaklava 
on the 25th of October, 1854, aged 36 years. 

Captain "William Kent Allix, 1st Royal Regiment, Aide-de- 
camp to General Sir de Lacy Evans, fell at the battle of 
Inkerman, aged 32 years. 

Captain The Hon. Charles "VVelbore Herbert Agar, 44th 
Regiment, fell at the assault upon Sebastopol on the 18th of June, 
1855, aged 31 years. 

Captain William Henry Cecil George Pechell, 77th Regi- 
ment, fell in the trenches before Sebastopol, on the 3rd of 
September, 1855, aged 24 year.s. 


Captain James Augusti'S Lockhart, Regiment, fell in the 

advanced trenches before the Redan on the 8th of September, 

1855, aged 21 years. 
Captain James Ernest Knight, 77th Regiment, died of fever 

before Seba.stopol on the 2nd of October, 1855, aged 19 years. 
Lieutenant Henry Anstruther, 23rd Regiment, fell in the 

battle of the Alma on the 20th of September, 1854, aged 18 years. 
Lieutenant The Hon. Robert Annesley, 11th Hussars, died of 

cholera in the Black Sea on the 28th of September, 1854, aged 

20 years. 
Lieutenant Henry Charles Dawson, Enniskillen Dragoons, 

died of fever in Balaklava Bay on the 5th October, 1854, aged 

19 years. 

Lieutenant Cavendish Hithert Greville, Coldstream Guards, 

fell at the battle of Inkerman, 1854, aged 19 years. 
Lieutenant Percival Hart Dulke, Rifle Brigade, died of fever 

in Balaklava Harbour on the 9th of April, 1855, aged 18 years. 
Lieutenant Robert John Brown Clayton, 34th Regiment, 

died in camp on the 12th of July, 1855, of wounds received at the 

assault on the Redan on the 18th of June, 1855, aged 20 years. 
Lieutenant Henry Charles Evans, 55th Regiment, fell mortally 

woimdcd in the trenches before Sebastopol on the 4th of August, 

1855, aged 18 years. 
Lieutenant Henry Stuart Ryder, Rifle Brigade, fell within 

the Redan in the assault of the 8th of September, 1855, aged 

20 years. 

Lieutenant Edward Shuttleworth Holder, 23rd Welsh Fusi- 
liers, fell mortally wounded at the assault on the Redau on the 
8th of September, 1855, aged 18 years. 

Cornet Hugh Montgomery, 13th Light Dragoons, fell in the 
Light Cavalry Charge at Balaklava on the 25th of October, 1854, 
aged 24 years. 

Ensign James Hulton Clutterbuck, 63rd Regiment, fell at the 
battle of Inkerman, aged 19 years. 

30 RUGBEIANS who fell during the Crimean War and the Indian Mutiny. 
Sir Henry William Adams, k.c.b., (See Stall No. 25, P. 75.) 
Thomas Unett was Lieut.-Colonel of the 19th Regiment at the 
battle of the Alma, September 20th, 1854. His horse was se- 
verely wounded. At the battle of Inkerman, employed in the 
trenches and honourably mentioned. Mortally wounded while 


leading the assault of the Redan, Septemher 8th, ISo'y, died of" 
his wounds, September 15th. 

Douglas John Thomas Halkett, Major 4th Light Dragoons, 
killed in the Balaklava Charge, October 25th, 1854. In the 
retreat after the Charge of the Light Cavalry Brigade, he was 
seen to fall wounded, but the pursuing Russians soon swept over 
the spot, and nothing more is known. 

RoBEET Mvreay Banxer, Major 93rd Regiment, present at the 
battle of the Alma ; died at Balaklava, a few days after the battle, 
of disease aggravated by constant exposure to damp and cold. 

Samuel Toosey "Williams, Captain Scots Greys, was at the battle 
of Balaklava on the morning of the 25th of October, 1854. The 
Russian Cavalry advanced against the Scots Greys and Ennis- 
killens, in the proportion of three to one. The Scots Greys 
dashed forward, and were received into the midst of the enemy, 
who closed in upon them. For several minutes the red-coats 
disappeared, but soon were seen driving before them in headlong 
flight, the routed Russian Cavalry. Captain "Williams escaped 
unhurt, but was taken ill shortly afterwards and died at Pera, 
November 23rd, 1854. 

John Pratt "Winter, Captain of the 17th Lancers. On the flank 
march to Balaklava, his troop were ordered to charge the Russian 
rear-guard, at Mackenzie's farm, where they took several prisoners 
and a quantity of baggage. On the 25th of October, 1854, in the 
heroic charge of the Light Cavalry at Balaklava, he led the 
second squadron of his Regiment, and was seen to fall close to 
the enemy's guns just as the retreat was sounded. His horse, 
severely wounded by grape shot, galloped back to the English 

Arthur Watkin ■Williams-"Wynn, son of the Right Hon. Sir H. 
Watkin "Williams- WjTm, Captain of the 23rd Royal Welsh 
Fusiliers, kiUed at the battle of the Alma. I find in my notes 
as follows : — " A few yards from the ditch in front of the earth- 
work, English and Russians were lying one on the other. I 
counted eight officers of the 23rd Fusiliers, including poor Chester, 
their gallant Colonel ; a calm expression was on their faces, which 
seemed to say, ' Grieve not for us — we died doing our duty.' 


Captain AVatkiii Willianis-Wynn had A'oik- close u\) h> tho Russian 
gun, and was lyini;- with his face hoavcnwards. 

"When from Ji'dm Ahna's blood-stainod height 

There came the sound of woe, 
And in the tirst and ktest tight 

That nohk' head was hiw ; 
Fond hearts that \mthed beneath the blow 
Were tortured with keen thirst to know 
How, ere their h)ved and htst one bled, 
By fate's cold hand the gloomy thi-ead 

"of the last hour was spun : 
And yearnings from their English homo 
Bounded aeross the ocean foam, — 

" Where did ye lind my son ?" 
The answer from that fatal ground 
C'ame pealing ^\-ith a trump(^t sovmd, — 

•' Close to the Russian Grm." 
With many a gallant friend around him. 
In one proud death — 't was thus we found him I " 

William Halstead Poole, Captain 23rd Welsh Fusiliers was at 
the battles of the Ahna, and Inkerman. He was mortally 
wounded at the storming of the Redan, September Sth, ISoo, and 
died on tho 24th of September. 

George Chaiiles Widdeington Curtois, Lieutenant C3rd Regi- 
ment, killed at the battle of Inkerman. 

Edmund Corbett, Captain 88th Regiment, on the 17th June, 1855, 
while gallantly attacking the Quarries, received a ball through 
the head. His last words were " Come on men." 

Lawrence Blakiston, Captain 62nd Regiment, was engaged before 
Sebastopol from the latter end of 1854. He was killed at the 
attack of the Redan on September 18th, 1855, while in the act of 
passing through an embrasure of the parapet. 

John George Don Marshall, Captain 92nd Highlanders, served 
in the Burmese War of 1852-3, including the storming and 
capture of Rangoon, Bassein, and other niinf)r affairs ; also in tho 
Crimea at the seige of Sebastojjol. 

James Wemyss, Lieutenant 92nd Highlanders, was at the battle of 
the Alma, and at Balaklava, October 25th, where tho Regiment 
two deep, repulsed a large body of Russian Cavalry. Died on 
the 15th June, 1855, of Crimean fever 

John Henry Thompson, Lieutenant 17th Lancers, was killed by a 
round shot while biking part ■s\'ith his Regiment in the heroic 
charge of the Light Cavalry Brigade at Balaklava. 


Charles Howe Proby, Lieutenant First Royals, died at Malta, 
September lOth, 180'5, from an illness brouglit on by exposure 
in the trenches before Sebastopol. 
Reginald Cyril Goodenough, Lieutenant 97th Regiment, was 
mortally wounded at the storming of the Redan, September 8th, 
1855, and died September 20th. 
Charles Augustus Penryn Boileau, Lieutenant Rifle Brigade, 
was mortally wounded at the assault of the Redan, June 18th, 
1855. His gallantry had been especially commended by the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, Lord Raglan. Died of his wound at Malta, 
August 1st, 1855. 
Archibald Cleveland, Comet 17th Lancers, was at the battle of 
the Alma, charged the rear-guard of the Russians, and took 
several prisoners ; shared in the glorious charge of the Light 
Cavalry at the battle of Balaklava, where his horse was mortally 
wounded. At the battle of Inkerman he was struck by a shell 
and died of his wound on the following morning. 
"William OwE>f, 23rd Welsh Fusiliers, was mortally wounded before 

Sebastopol by a shell on the night of the 29th June, 1855. 
Henry Winchcombe Hartley, Lieut-Colonel of the 8th Regi- 
ment, served at the siege of Delhi, 1857, and was afterwards 
Brigadier at Umballah. Died at Jullunder, June 24th, 1858. 
George Biddulph, Lieut-Colonel 45th Native Infantry, served 
during the campaig-n on the Sutlej and with the army of the 
Pimjaub ; was present in 1848 at Chillian "Wallah, Goojcrat, 
Sadoolapore and passage of the Chenab. "When proceeding to 
join his Regiment, Tait's Irregular Horse, he was .surrounded 
and taken prisoner by a party of Sikhs near Ferozepoor, early on 
the morning of the battle of Moodkee, December I8th, 1845. 
He was conveyed up and down the Sikh Camp, mounted behind 
a trooper, to be shown as their first prisoner. Many of the enemy 
struck and abused him, and he was then chained to a gun, and a 
guard watched him for three days and nights. His undaunted 
bravery, however, under these circ/iunstances, and his tall figure 
(six feet four inches) elicited much admiration, and the Sikhs 
exclaimed that he was a true Englishman. Two days afterwards 
he was released, and allowed to join the British army at Moodkee. 
After a short absence in England, 1856, he returned to Bengal 
on the breaking out of the Sepoy mutiny. At the siege of Luck- 
now, November 18th, 1857, lie had to take the command of a 


di^asion, when Brig'adier Russell was wounded, and as he was 
exjjlaining plans, and organizing' a column to storm the hospital, a 
bullet, after passing through another officer's hat, struck him dead, 
passing through his brain. 

Thomas Onslow Wixnington Ingram, Lieut-Colonel of the 97th 
Regiment, received the Order of the Legion of Honour, medal and 
clasp, and Turkish medal for highly distinguished service before 
Sebastopol ; employed in 1857 in suppressing the Sepoy mutiny. 
On the 14th of March, was killed in the Kaiserbagh in Lucknow, a 
ball passing through the head. 

Charles Wilbraham Radcliffe, Captain 7th Regiment Bengal 
Light Cavalry, served during the campaign on the Sutlej, present 
at Sobraon, (Medal) ; was constantly engaged during the siege of 
Lucknow. While commanding a detachment of 600 men at 
Chinhut, to oppose 16,000 mutinous Sepoys, he was mortally 
wounded on the night of the 24th of September, at Lucknow, 
and died October 1st 1857, shortly before the relief by Lord 
Clyde. Had he lived, he would have been recommended for tho 
Victoria Cross, by Sir James Outram, for his gallant conduct at 

George Snell, 64th Native Infantry, Bengal, mui-dered with his 
wife and child during the Mutiny, at Seetapoor, Oude, Juno 
3rd, 1857. 

Whaley Nicoll Hardy, Royal Artillery, served at the siege of 
Sebastopol, 1855, was killed at Sccunderabagh near Lxicknow, 
on November 16th, 1857. His death was mentioned with regret 
by the Governor-General in Council. 

"William Stephkn Raikes HonsoN, Brevet-Major of tho First 
European Bengal Fusiliers, and Commander of Hodson's Horse ; 
was present in 1845 at the battles of Moodkee, Ferozeshur, 
wounded at Sabraon; present also at several ail'uirs with the 
enemy, including the battle of Goojerat. 

Conmianded the corps of Guides in the attack upon the Affredies, 
on the heights above Bareedeo, 1853, and was engaged in repulsing 
the rebels from the English lines at the siege of Delhi, with his 
newly-raised Regiment of Irregular Horse. When Delhi was 
taken, the next day he started with Lieutenant Macdowell and 
fifty of his own men for Hmnayoon's tomb, about six miles from 
the city, where the King of Delhi was. The King Burreudcred 

81 DOArtJS DEI. 

on rondition that liis life should he spared. The next day ho 
Rtaiied again for H\unayoon's tomh, where the three Princes were, 
the heirs apparent to the throne, and murderers. They sur- 
rendered unconditionally and were sent off to Delhi in a cart 
drawn by bullocks. There appeared every probability of a rescue 
from an increasing hostile crowd, when Hodson addressed his 
men, and informed them that these were the wretches who 
murdered helpless women and children. He then shot the three 
Princes, one after another, and their bodies were exposed in the 
city in the same place where they had outraged the European 
women. On the 11th of March, 1858, at Lucknow, after the 
Begum's Palace had been stormed, he received a mortal wound, of 
which he died the next day. Had he lived he would have 
received the Victoria Cross. Hodson' s Horse is to remain perma- 
nently a brigade of two regiments as a memorial of his gallantry. 

Charles Ayshford Sandford, Brevet-Major, was engaged in the 
suppression of the Bengal mutiny, 1857 ; he obtained the com- 
mand of the Guide Cavalry at the siege of Delhi, and took part 
in every action of importance, and was repeatedly mentioned in 
despatches as an excellent officer. On the advance to Lucknow 
he was appointed to the 5th Punjaub Cavalry, and while recon- 
noitring a village, on the 10th of March, 1858, was killed by some 
men concealed in a tower. 

Arthl'R Austen Moultrie, Lieutenant H. M. 90th Regiment, 
was mortally wounded at Lucknow, September 2oth, 1857, whilst 
gallantly charging a battery of the mutinous Sepoys. Died the 
next day. 

William Tate Groom, Lieutenant First Madras European Fusi- 
liers, was engaged mth his Regiment under General Havelock,. 
July 29th, 1857, when the guns of the Mutineers were taken and 
they were put to flight ; present the next day at Busseret Gimge, 
when the enemy were driven out and giins again seized ; also 
at Boorseeke Chowhi, on the 11th of Augiist. On the 1st October, 
he led the advance on Pliillip's battery, near Lucknow, was 
woimded October 9th, and died at Lxicknow, October 2Ist, 1857. 

Alexander Key, Lieutenant 28th Native Infantry, was murdered 
with seven other officers of his Regiment by the Mutineers, 
between Mahomdie and Aurungabad, June 5th, 1857. 

Charles James Salmoxd, Adjutant 2nd Cavalry Gwalior Contin- 
gent, during the Sepoy mutiny of 1856-7 was constantly engaged 


under Sir Hiipe Grant, and took part in all the proceedings for tlii? 
relief and ^v^thdra^val of the garrison of Lucknow ; was womided 
and mentioned by Lord Clyde as having- greatly distinguished 
himself. After the action of the 6th of December, 1857, he was 
unable through iUness to join in the pui\suit of the rebels, and was 
shortly afterwards found killed near Ca\vnpore. 

Patkick Aldol'ME Gkant, Lieutenant, 7th Bengal Native Infantry, 
was murdered by the Mutineers at the cantonment, Lucknow, 
when the tu-st i-ebellion broke out. May 30th, 1857. 

Thomas George Pouluen, Lieutenant, Royal Artilleiy. While 
engaged in the suppression of the Sepoy mutiny, received sun- 
stroke and died at Tasseram on the 3rd of May, 1858. 

Leonard Redmayne, Lieutenant 14th Light Dragoons, was present 
at the captui'e of Dhai, Central India, October, 1857, and was killed 
in action with the rebels, November 23rd, 185Z. 

Edwin Fell Haig, Lieutenant and Adjutant 5th Fusiliers, was 
killed in action in the city of Lucknow, while effecting the relief 
of the garrison, September 26th, 1857. 

Philip Lovell Collier Phillips, Lieutenant Ith Battalion liiHi^s, 
on his voyage to Bengal to jjut down the Sepoy Mutineers, 
stemmed and quelled a serious mutLay on board ship. On the 9th 
August, 18q8, the ship unfortunately gTounded in the river, and 
exposure to cold and wet brought on iUness of which he died 
August 22nd, 1858. 

Edwin Stephen Sale, Ensign 37th Regiment, was killed July 
30th, 1857, in the unfortunate night expedition to relieve Arrah. 

31 Colonel Carpenter, c.b. commanded the 41st (the Welsh) Regt., 

at the battle of the Alma, and fell while gallantly leading it at the 
hard fought battle of Inkerman. 


demands made by the Crimean War upon the Medical Department 
told heavily upon its Officers, as is testified by the following long- 
list of casualties : — 
Deputy Inspector Generals. — Thomas Spenee, m.d., Alexander 

McGrigor, m.d. 
Staff Surgeons 1st Class. — Jolui Mitchell, m.d., Chilley Pine, 

Nicholas O'Comiur, m.d., George Kincaid Pitcaini, m.d., John 



Surgeons. — Francis Cornelius Hutliwaite, Peter Mackey, m.d., 
Daniel Anderson, m.d., William Bro^vne, "William Abbott Ander- 
son, John Newton, Francis Smith, Michael Allen Lane, Edward 
LeBlanc, Christopher Macartney, m.d., James Alexander Wishart, 
M.D., Walter Simpson, m.d., Christopher Bakewell Bassano. 

Assistant Surgeons. — Ebenezer Alfred Jenkin, Frederick York 
Shegog, M.D., Philip Giflard Martel, James Allyosius Shorrock, 
James Thomson, m.d., Alexander Rothney Reid, m.d., John 
Francis O'Leary, Hemy Beckwith, John James Norris, Edward 
Pati'ick Boyle, James Lament, m.d., Edmund Sidney Wason, 
jr.D., John Phillipson Langham, Frederick Arthur Macartney, 
Jtihn Grabham, William Renwick, Malcolm Currie Ancell, John 
Henry Gilborne. 

Acting Assistant Surgeons.— Frederick Graham, Harvey Ludlow, 
Robert Thomas Simons, John Horsley White, John Longmore, 
Harry William Wood, Joseph Mayne, Thomas Oak Mitchell, 
Alexander Struthers, m.d. 

Principal Apothecary. — George Hume Reade. 

Dispensers of Medicine. — James Martin Beveridgc, John H. 

Dressers. — Harrj- Hairison, Thomas Fell. 

33 Colonel John Hinde King, c.b., Grenadier Guards, served with 

the 49th Regt. the Eastern Campaign of 1854-55, including the battles 
of the Alma and Inkerman, and seige of Sebastopol ; was present at the 
sortie on the 26th October, capture of the Quarries and assault of the 
Redan on the 18th June and 8th September ; was severely wounded, 
left hand amputated. Medal and three clasps, Brevet-Major and 
Lieut-Colonel, Knight of the Legion of Honour, and c.b. 

34 Colonel Thomas Graham Egerton, c.b., 77th Regiment, was 

present at the affair of the Bulganak, at the battles of the Alma and 
Inkerman, and the seige of Sebastopol. His gallant conduct was at 
all times the admiration of the Army. He fell in the brilliant capture 
of the Rifle Pits on the 19th April, 1855, deeply lamented by a regiment 
to which he had been so noble an examijle. 

35 OFFICERS, 49th REGIMENT :-No regiment was more distin- 

guished during the Crimean War than the 49th. Officers and men 











1 hjh 

> < 



T1 '^ > 





JPlan'O/^the WltuZows in, the C^kan^el ofdh.c 
6rarri^o?i ChuJ-cA to i^htcA Che de^onptioft refers 


were ever among the foremost A large niimhor of the survivors bore 
home with thom honourable marks of their gallantry : — 
Maj. Gen. Sir H. W. Adams,, died of wounds Dec. 19th, 1854 
Major Thomas Dalton killed Nov. 5th, 1854 

Major C. T. Powell killed Oct. 26th, 1854 

Major C. S. Glazbrook killed Dec. 18th, 1854 

Captain \V. "W. Maitland ague Nov. 15th, 1856 

Captain "W. R. Corbet fever Mar. 19th, 1855 

Captain C. Rochfort killed Sept. 8th, 1855 

Lieut, and Adj. A. S. Armstrong killed Nov. 5th, 1854 

Ensign C. Michell killed Sept. 14th, 1855 

Ensign A. F. Platt fever Aug. 11th, 1855 

Asst. Surgeon Becblavith cholera Oct. 18th, 1854 

36 Major James Armas Butler, the " Hero of Silistria," served 

during the Kafir war 1846-7, in the 90th Light Infantry (medal) 
and afterwards in the Ceylon Rifle Corps ; died 13th June, 1854, aged 
27, from a wound received while engaged in the glorious defence of 
Silistria. His skill and heroism commanded the admiration of the 

37 Captain Henry Thomas Butler, 55th Regiment, served in China 

(medal) at Amoy, Chusan, Chinha(>, (including repulse of night 
attack) Chapoo, Woosing, Slianghac, and Ching Kiang Foo ; also 
served with the Army of the East, and was present at the battles of 
the Alma and Inkerman ; at the latter battle he was Deputy Assistant 
Quarter Master General to the First Division, and fell while actively 
engaged in his important duties, aged 42. 

38 Captain Arthur Wellesley Cassax, 65th Regiment, lost left 

arm by a grape shot when leading the attack at the escalade of the 
Fortress of Dwarka in the East Indies ; mentioned in general orders 
by Lieut-General the Hon. Sir Charles Colville for his gallant con- 
duct on the occasion, was made a Knight of AVindsor for distinguished 
services — died at Portsmouth, 23th July, 1870, aged 75. 

39 Twelve CHAPLAINS who feU dui-ing the Crimean War :— 

The Rev. G. Mockler 
The Rev. J. J. Wheblb 
The Rev. M. Canty 
The Rev. W. Whyatt 
The Rev. D. Shehan 
The Rev. G. H. Proctor 

ed 29th September, 1854 
, ' — December, 1854 
, 2nd February, 1855 

, 23rd February, 1855 

10th March, 1855 
, 10th March, 1855 


The Rev. H. J. Whitiielu died ITtli June, lS5o 

The Rev. J. Doyle „ — July, 1855 

The Rev. J. Sheil „ 15th Au^yust, 1855 

The Rev. J. Freeman „ 19tli August, 1855 

The Rev. R. Lee „ 14tli October, 1855 

The Rea'. G. Strickland „ 26tli April, 18-36 

It is a remarkable fact, that considering the number employed, far more 
Chaplains died during the Crimean War, than in any other branch 
of the service. In my note book I find the following touching story 
of George Mockler, the first who nobly fell " The cholera was still 
with us, and poor Mockler, the Chaplain of the 3rd Division, was 
carried off by it just after our arrival on the Heights. At GalLipoli 
and in Bulgaria he had been a loved and respected minister of God, 
laboiu'ing with his wonted faithfulness among the sick, until at last he 
himself was attacked by a serious fever, which left him sadly en- 
feebled just at the time the army was embarking for the Crimea. 
Nothing would induce him to remain on board a transport : ' No,' he 
said, ' my soldiers may want me, and I feel that it is my duty to share 
their ti-ials and dangers.' He landed, and dragged his f ever-worn frame 
from Old Fort to Balaklava, where stricken by cholera, he laid him- 
self down to die. As soon as I heard of his illness, I hastened 
to him, and arrived a little before his end. I asked him if he knew 
me ; he said, ' Yes, well.' I then told him that I would commend him 
to God's keeping; and as I read the almost inspired ser^^ce for the 
Visitation of the Sick, the poor fellow, Avith his eyes fixed steadily 
heavenwards, softly breathed out his last words, ' Beautiful prayers, 
beautiful prayers,' and shortly after went to his rest." 

40 Capt. Sir Robert Newman, Bart., Grenadier Guards, gallantly 

shared in the bi-illiant attack of the Guards on the thirteen gun battery, 
at the battle of the Ahna, and fell at Inkerman while bravely leading 
his Company against a Russian column. 

41 Capt. Christopher Houe Hatchell, 43rd Light Infantry, was 

engaged in the suppression of the mutiny 1857-8. Medal ; also highly 
distingtiished himself by his gallantry during the New Zealand War, 
1864-5 Medal. Accidently drowned in Cork harboui", October 11th, 
1870, Aged 33. 

42 Pierce Butler, Rector of Ulcombe, served as Chaplain to the Forces 

in 1854-5 at Scutari and with the 2nd Division before Sebastopol ! 
was present at the taking of Kcrtcli. He was the first promoter of 


the recent and already renowTicd Survey of the Sinaitic Peninsula ; 
died Febmary 8th, 1868. Gentle and brave, able and lowly, calm and 
adventurous, holy and cheerful, Pierce Butler was honoui-ed and be- 
loved by all who knew him. 


The "windows of the church are twenty three in number, 
eight in the chancel and fifteen in the nave. They are all 
memorial windows by the eminent firm of Clayton & Bell, 
and are considered remarkably fine examples of modern 
stained glass. In order that there might be no violent con- 
trasts, as so often found in our cathedrals and large churches, 
the Restoration Committee decided, that all the memorial 
glass should be supplied by one Firm, and further that the 
subjects in the chancel should present the history of tlie 
New Testament, while those in the nave should give that 
of the Old Testament. This arrangement has afforded 
great satisfaction. The accompaning plan will assist the 
visitor while examining the windows. 

The Chancel, 
the three windows over the altar. 

(see NOS. I. II. III. IN THE PLAN). 

These ^^indows, each divided into three compartment.s, represent the Passion of 
our Lord. 

1. The Affony. 2. The Jietraijal. 3. The Lord before the High Priest. 
4. The Scourging. 5. The Ecce Homo. 6. Our Lord bearing the Cross. 
7. The Stripping. 8. Jesus Crucified. 9. Talcing down from the Cross. 

No. I. i.s in memory of General Sir C. J. Napier, g.c.h. 

No. II. ,, ,, Field Marshal Lord Raglan, g.c.k. 

No. III. „ ,, Field Marshal Lord Clyde, G.c.R. 





Each of these ■windows is divided into ten compartments, six containing Apos- 
tles, and four subjects taken from the Gospel. 

NO. IV. 

1. St. Philip. 2. St. Bartholomew. 3. Oii7' Lord's Saptism. 4. The 

Temptation. 5. St. James. 6. St. John. 7. Call of St. Peter and 

St. Andrew. 8. Nicodcmus going to Christ hij night. 9. St. Peter. 10. 
St. Andrew. 

This window was an offering from the Officers of the 67th Rcgt. In the 
circle is the device of the 67th Rcgt., and on a brass beneath is the following 
inscription : — 

"To the memory of 11 officers and 361 noncommissioned officers and men of 
the 67th (South Hampshire Regt.) who died on foreign service dming the 
years 1858 to 1865 in India, China, and the Cape : — 

Paymaster J. A. Pop?, 
Ensign & Adjt. C. V. KiUecn 
Lieut. C. H. B. Turner 
Captain W. S. Arnold 
Lieut. C. U. Creyke 
Captain C. U. Coxen 

„ A. F. Robertson 

„ M. Nugent 
Ensign F. T. Blake 

„ J. H. A. Routledge 
Captain G. F. H. Atchison 

i:3th Oct., 1860 
23rd May, 1862 
17th Nov., 1867 
10th Aug., 1859 
9th Nov. 1862 
28th Feb., 1864 
24th July, 1863 
20th Oct., 1862 
27th Sept., 1862 
not known 
21st July, 1861 


Tien Tsien. 

Tien Tsien. 



Home (on leave) 



Hong Kong 

On passage Home 

Tien Tsien " 

NO. V. 

1. St. Jade. 2. St. Matthias. 3. Sermon on the Mount. 4. The Centurion 
jjleading for his Slave. 5. St. Jumcs. 6. St. Simon. 1. Raising 
Jairiis' Paughter. 8. Raising Lazarm. 9. St. Thomas. 10. St. Matthew. 

An offering from Colonel WiUis, c.b. On the glass is inscribed : — 
"To the Glory of God, and in memory of Eliza Angelina, wife of Colonel 
G eorge Harry WiUis, c.b., q.m.g. Southern District, who died oth August, 1867." 




These windows, architecturally of great beautj', arc filled Avitli brilliant glass, 
and the drawing here as throughout the church is highly artistic. They 
represent the Burial, JResurrection, and Ascension of our Blessed Lord ; the 
Coining of the Comforter ; and the Conversion of Paul, and Acts of the Holy 

NO. VI. 

1. Joseph begging the body of Jesus. 2. Frejnar/fioii fur the Tomb. 3. 
The Entombment. 4. The Three Maries. 5. The Angel. 6. St. Peter and 
St. John. 7. Our Lord rising from the Tomb. 8. Xuli Me Tangere. 9. St. 
Thomas eonvitieed. 

This window was presented by the 46th Regt. The brass is inscribed 
thus : — 

" To the Glory of God, and in memory of Arthur George Vesey, command- 
ing 46th (South Devtm) Regt. who died at Suez on his return to England, 
October ISth, 1861, aged 49. This window was given by the Officers of the 
Regiment as a mark of their kindly feeling and resisect." 

Colonel Vesey joined the 46th Regiment on the 29th May, 1836. He era- 
barked with the service companies for the Crimea on the 12th October, 1854, 
and for his services at the siege of Sebastopol, received the Crimean medal and 
clasp, the Turkish medal and the 5th class of the Medjidhe. 


1. The walk to Emniaus. 2. The Supper at Bmmaus. Z. Feed my Sheep. 
4r. The Ascension. 5. The Day of Penticost. 

This was also given by the 46th Regt. The words below the window are 
as follows : — 

" To the Glory 'of God and in memory of Colin Frederick Campbell, Major 
of the 46th Regiment and Colonel in the Army, who died at Simla 24th Sept. 
1868, aged 44 years. This wndow is given by the officers of the Regiment as 
a mark of their kindly feeling and respect." 


Colonel Campbell joined the 46tli Foot on the 1st May, 18-iO. He em- 
harked with the service companies for the Crimea, on the 12th October, 18.34, 
and served at the siege of Sebastopol from that date to the conclusion of the 
war. When employed as Assistant Engineer, he was wonnded in the trenches 
on the 28th July, IBoo. He received the Crimean medal and clasp, the Turk- 
ish medal, the Sardinian war medal, the French decoration of Knight of the 
Legion of Honour, and the 5th class of the Medjidhe. Colonel Campbell was 
an oflacer of distinguished bravery and worth, noted for cool daring and high 
professional attainments. His early death in the very prime of life was a loss to 
the service generally. 


1. Stoning of St. Stephen. 2. Raising of Dorcas. 3. Healing at the 
Beautiful Gate. 4. Conversion of St. Paul. 5. St. Paul preaching at Athens. 

6. Philip) baptising the Eunuch. 

This window tells of a family which will ever be honourably named in the 
history of England' s army : — Lt.-Gen. The Hon. H. D. Butler and his four 
sous. The words on the brass are very touching : — 

" To the Glory of God and in pious memory of Lieut.-General The Honour- 
able Henry David Butler, who served in Egypt and the Peninsular War, died 
in Paris, December 7th, 1856, and his four sons: — Henry Thomas, Captain 55th 
Regt. fell at Inkerman, Nov. 5, 1854, Aged 42. Charles George, Captain 86th 
Regt. died of Fever at Bombay, Dec. 17, 1854, Aged 31. Pierce, Rector of 
Ulcombe, Kent, some time Chaplain to the Forces in the Crimea, died Feb. 8th, 
1868, Aged 42. James Ai-mar, Capt. Ceylon Rifle Regt., died from wounds 
received at the gallant defence of Silistria, June 21, 1854, Aged 27. 

This window was given by numerous friends and relations." 

The Nave. 

There are fifteen windows in the Nave. Two at the East end, three at the 
West, five on the North side, and five on the South. This will appear from 
Plan No. 11 J to which the reader is referred. 

NO. IX. 

1. Annunciation. 2. Salutation. 3. Xativitg. 4. Adoration of 2fagi 
and Shepherds. 5. Presentation in ilic Temple. 6. -JesHS with the Doctors. 

7. Jesus subject at Xazarcth. 








<^ •<f "^ T^ 








' — r 


THE /J/li/£^ 
iA// NDOW^. 

<^^ the Win dews »/ M* J^ave 
^ 0/ <&ke (^etrrtscn. Chocrc?i^ 
^' ti whzch the Ae^crcjoti-o/h^ 







\> <*> 




»! >» I ■»> 





A3 ^ 


y X 


This window was presented by friends of Captain Molesworth, R.E., a very 
promising oflicer, who was suddenly called from a life of great usefulness. No 
one laboured harder than he to further the restoration of this Church, and, 
when taken to his rest, it may truly be said, that the Garrison and Borough of 
Portsmouth felt deeply the loss thej' had sustained. The words on the brass 
are few but forcible : — • 

" The above window is dedicated to the Glory of God, and in memory of 
Morgan Crofton Molesworth, 2nd Captain Royal Engineers, who died July 
10th, 1867. He was highly distinguished in his profession, and greatly 
esteemed in the garrison and by the community. He laboured for the restora- 
tion of this church with a fervent spirit serving the Lord, and during the 
j)rnr;Tess of the work, at the early age of 30, was himself called to liis rest." 

" Be ye also ready." 
NO. X. 

1. Jonathan. 2. David. 

This memorial was a gift by one who deemed it a privilege to pay respect 
to the memoiy of his two brothers, good men and true. On the glass are the 
following words : — 

"In memory of my brothers, Captain C. M. M. Wright, r.n., and Lieut. 
E. Dirke Wright, 59th Regiment. They bled for their country. H. P. Wright, 
Chaplain to the Forces, 1st Class, September, 1867." 

Captain Charles Mayson Moncriefifo Wright, after thirty three years afloat, 
reached Post rank, in days when to be a good first Lieutenant was to be far 
from promotion. He was severely wounded (1819) in the Persian Gulf when 
attacking the Pirates at Ras-al-Khyma, their head quarters, and also was 
greatly distinguished (1832) while suppressing piracy in the Straits of 

Lieutenant Edmund Dirko Wright, led the forlorn hope at the taking of 
Bhurtpore in 1826, when he was severely woujided in the arm and hand. 


1. l,r>f taken prisoner. 2. Ahraham' x battle vifh the Kinf/.^. 3. Jftt- 
ehizedek and Abraham. 4. Abraham. 

The olFering of a sorrowing widow. On the brass is thus inscribed : — 
" To the Glory of God, and in loving memory of Edwin Wodchouse, Colonel 
Royal Artillery, CP., Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, eldest son of Vice- Admiral 


the Honourable Philip "VVodehouse, who died at Portsmouth, on the 6th Oct., 
1870, Aged 53, this window is dedicated by his widow." 

" Lord ! eternal rest, and light perpetual." 
(See Page 7-)) 


1. Jacob' s Bream. 2. Jacob and Rachel. 3. Meeting of Jacob and Esau. 
4. Joseph in Egypt. 5. Jacob. 

This beautiful window was given by the 77th Regiment, a farewell offer- 
ing on lea\'ing the Garrison, (see Page 52) 

The inscription on the brass is as follows : — 
" To the Glory of God, and in Memory of 

CoLOXEL R. J. Stratox, c.b. 
Major H. A Macdonald. 


„ W. N. M. Orpex. 
Captaix \V. Gair. 

H. S. Weigall. 
Lieut, and Adjutant G. Cook. 
Lieut. A. T. Butts. 

,, A. Bishop. 
Ensign A. L. Henning. 
„ C. J. Arnold. 
., F. P. Ferguson. 
„ H. N. Moore. 
who died in the service of their country, between the years 1856 and 1871, the 
Officers of the 77th (East Middlesex) Regiment have erected this -window." 

NO. xin. 

1. 3foses Avenging the Israelite. 2. Moses before Pharaoh. 3. Passage of 
the Red Sea. 4. Manna. 5. Moses Striking the Rock. 6. Moses. 

The brass tells of the loss endured by the Reverend James Stuart Robson, 
Chaplain, r.m.a., who dedicated tliis window to the memory of those he ten- 
derly loved. On the brass are the foUowing words : — 

"To the Glory of God, and in memory of Lieut. Charles Rufus Robson, e.n. 
only brother, and of Ensign William James Stuart Robson, 17th Regt., 
only son of the Reverend J. Stuart Robson." 


Lieut. C. R. Robson, was actively cn^ged in the Baltic as 1st Lieutenant 
of II. M.S. Cruiser, and was present at the bombardment of Sweaborfr. Ho 
also {jreatly distinguished himself on the Coast of Africa, and, while employed 
on the Pacific Station, received the thanks of the American Government for 
assistance rendered to their ships, when iu imminent danger. 


1. Balaajns Journey. 2. Balaam's Trophccij. 3. Victory over the 
MiiUanites. 4. Passage of the Jordan. 5. Aaron. 

Offered by the Chaplain Department in memory of their Brethren. On the 
brass are these few words : — 

" To the Glory of God, and in memory of the twelve Chaplains who fell 
while striving to do their duty during the Crimean War, this ^\•indow is dedi- 
cated by the Chaplain Department of the Army." 
(See Page 87) 

NO. XV. 

I. Burniny of Ai. 2. The Fall of Jtrieho. 3. The Sun and Moon stand- 
ing still. 0. Joshua. 

Beneath this window are three brasses. One on the splay, on which is 
beautifully engraved the device of the 82nd Regiment, by wliich Corps the 
window was presented. On the second brass are the words : — 

" To the Gloi-y of God, and in memory of the undermentioned Officers, 250 
non-commissioned Officers and soldiers of the 82nd Regiment (Prince of Wales' 
Volunteers) who have been killed in action or died since the regiment em- 
barked for the Crimea in 18o5. This window is erected by the Officers n«w 
serving in the regiment." 

On the third, the names of the Officers. 

Captain D. S. Collings Jan. 1855. 

Lieut. R. Haywood Feb. 1855. 

„ H. AsPiiEECE June, 1855. 

„ A. P. Hensley Nov. 1857. 

Ensign W. Thomson Nov. 1857. 

Captain /. Gordon Jan. 1858. 

Lieut. S. Douglass Mar. 1858. 

Captain S. Slater Sept. 1861. 

Ensign J. Carroll Feb. 1863. 

Lieut. H. A. Ellis May, 1863. 


Captain J. Gore Mar. 1864. 

„ J. H. PiLKIXGTON Aug. 1865. 

LiErT. S. Pitt Dec. 1865. 

„ J. N. Tanxer June, 1866. 

Captain C. Spencer July, 1866. 

Lieut. T. Ryan Sept. 1869. 

„ C. Neville Feb. 1870. 
LiEUT.-CoL. C. T. V. BuNm-RY, Jan. 1871. 


1. Tlie Appml of tJie Ixraclitcs to God. 2. JncJah and Simeon affrcc to 
go vp tocjftlur. 3. Calrh'a conquest of Hebron. 4. Jael and Sii^era. 
5. Deborah prais/nff God. 6. Caleb. 

The brass states full partioulars as to the donors : — 

" To the Glory of God the above window was given by the OfRrors, Non- 
commissioned Officers and Privates of the 46th (South Devon Regiment) aud 
in memory of comrades who died jduring the foreign service of the Corps in the 
Crimea, Corfu, and the three Presidencies of Bengal, Madi'as, and Bombay, 
during the years, 1854-1868." 

Names of Officers. Date of Death. 

Lt-Col. & Bt-Coloxel A. G. Vesey Died at Suez on passage home, 

18th October, 1868. 
Major & Bt-Col. C. F. Camprell Died at Simla, 14th September, 1868 
Captain W. H. 0. Toole Died on ISIarch from Alma to Sevastopol, 

September 1854. 
Captain T. J. Connell Died at Mooltan, 31st August, 1858. 

Captain C. B. Speke Died at Poona, 31st August, 1868. 

Lieutenant E. Messenger Killed at Sebastopol by explosion of a mine. 

Lieutenant F. Coucher Died at Mooltan, 19th August, 1859. 

Lieutenant V. Daly Died at Cawnpore, 26th April, 1862. 

Lieutenant A. K. Malcolmson Died at Calcutta, 7th February, 1867. 

Lieutenant E. G. Serle Died at Poona, 20th June, 1868. 

Ensign H. A. "Whitmoee Died at Corfu, 14th September, 1857. 

Surgeon A. G. Montgomery Died at Lucknow, 27th June, 1857. 

Quarter-Master G. Sanderson Died at Jullundur, 13th January, 1861. 
Quarter-Master W. G. Street Died at Shalyehanporc, 8th May, 1864. 



1. Gideon Thrcs/ii/iff. 2. T/>e Fhrcc. 3. Trial of Gideon's Armi/. 
4. Bcstroyinij Fenicl. 5. Gideon. 

This window is in memory of the Duke of Wellington's prcat friend, Sir 
Jiimcs McGrigor, Baronet, k.c.k., &c., whose long and valuable services are 
noticed in Pago (36. 


1. Sd»>l JiiUing the Lion. 2. Carrying awaij the gates of Gaza. 
3. defeating the Philistines. 4. Samson's Leath. 5. Samson. 

No hero whose name is found in this Chui'ch deserved better a noble 
memorial than the gallant officer, ISIajor Thomas Oldfield, h.m., tci whoso 
memory this window is dedicated. Honoured ever by his enemies in whose 
front he fell, he sacrificed that life, which he had so often hazarded in the defence 
of his countiy, at the siege of Acre in Syria, aged 43. 


i. David introduced to Saul. 2. David killing Goliath. 3. Cave of 
Engedi. 4. David. 

This window is dedicated to the Gloiy of God and in memoiy of Lieut- 
General Lord Frederick Fitz-Clai-ence,, son of King William iv.j born 
1790; married, 1821, Lady Augusta, daughter of the 4th Earl of Glasgow; 
entered the army in 1S14 ; became a Lieut-General and Colonel of the 3Gth 
Regiment in 1851 ; appointed Commander-in-chief at Bombay in 1851 ; was 
raised to the rank of a Marquis's son in 1831 ; appointed Deputy Lieutenant of 
Northumberland; was Grand Master of the Freemasons of Scotland. Lord 
Frederick was Lieutenant Governor of Portsmouth from 1847 to 1851, and so 
endeared himself to the inhabitants, that, on his appointment as Commander- 
in-Chief in Bombay, they erected a monument to him, as an expression of their 
gratitude. On the west side of it are the following M-ords : — 

"To Lieut-General Lord Frederick Fitz-Clarencc, g.c.h., this Colunni is 
erected by the inhabitants of Portsmouth, to mark their sense of the many 
services rendered to the Borough during liis command of this Garrison." 



1. The Creation. 2. The Temptation. 3. Driven from Paradise, 
4. Tilling the earth. 5. An anr/el. 

This \\'in(loM- tells of an officer who saw long and active service, and was 
of a distinguished corps, one of the most distinguished. On the brass are 
the foUo\ving woixis : — 

" To the Gloiy of God and in memory of General Sir Charles Menzies, 
K.C.B., K.H., Knight Charles 3rd, Colonel of the Royal Marine Artillery, and 
formerly Aide-de-Camp to the Queen. Died August 22nd, 1866, aged 83. The 
above window is given as a mark of love and respect by his widow, Maria 
Wilhelmina Menzies." 

General Sir Charles Menzies was attached to Lord Nelson's squadron off 
Boulogne, where he participated in all the desperate cutting' out affairs on the 
French coast against Buonaparte's flotilla. Commanded a detachment of Royal 
Marines, and landed at Port Jackson, during an insiuTcction of convicts in March 
180-1 ; by his promptitude and exertions the town of Sidney, and indeed the 
Colony, was in a great measure preserved, and tranquillity restored. On the 
22nd of Jime, 1806, he was in one of the boats of H.M.S. Minerva, cutting 
out five vessels from under Fort Finisterre, and on the 11th of July follow- 
ing, he was in the barge, which, when 50 miles from where the frigate lay at 
anchor, captured by boarding the Buena Dicha, Spanish Privateer of three 
times the force of the boat, after a sharp conflict : this attack was planned by 
General Menzies. Commanded and landed the Marines at the storming of 
Fort Finisterre, being the first who entered the Fort. In boats cutting out the 
Spanish vessel of war St. Joseph from the Bay of Arosa, where he landed and 
made prisoner the Spanish Commodore, who delivered to him his sword. Com- 
manded the Marines at the capture of Fort Guardia. Slightly wounded cutting 
out the French corvette La Moselle from imder a battery in Basque Roads. 
Taking of Fort Camerinusand gun-boats from under its protection. Repeatedly 
engaged in severe boat actions and against batteries. Right arm ampu- 
tated. Received a sword of honour from the Patriotic Fimd. Commanded 
the Royal Marine Artillery from 1837-44. Is a Knight of Charles in. of 
Spain, and a Knight of the Tower and Sword of Portugal, was created k.h. and 




1. The Seuliuj of the Hainis. 2. The l^'id/it.s aealeil dinxicd Ihai'cn- 

This much admired window is dedicated to the Glory of God and in me- 
moiy of Major-Gcneral Sir John William Gordon, u.e., k.c.b., by friends who 
deeply respected that true servant of God and his country. Sir J. William 
Gordon took from the beginning the liveliest interest in the restoration of this 
Church ; indeed it may be said that, had he not united with the Lieutenant 
Governor Lord William Paulet, the General of the District, and as Commandinj^ 
Engineer supported his Lordship in his strong appeal to the War Department, 
the work would never have been done. (See Stall 22, Page 74). 



This window i^i a gift by the officers of the 43rd Light Infantry in me- 
mory of their brother officers who were killed dui-iug the New Zealand War, 
18G4-5. It is considered as a work of art of the highest merit. 

1. The recijifion of the Blessed. 2. The resurrection of the Blessed. 
3. The reswreetion of the wicked. 4. The condeinnation of the wicked. 
5. Angels and Archangels. (5. Prophets. 7. Apostles. 8. TJie Blessed 
Virgin Mary. 9. St. Joint tlie Baptist. 10. Majesty with the four 

This ■wdndow resembles very closely Ike much admired east window of 
Castle Combe Church, save that the lancets are not trefoilod. Scrope in his 
" History of Castle Combe" wi'ites thus of the " four nan-ow slightly trefoiled 
lancet lights with a quatrefoil opening above," "Its furiii, though very etlec- 
tive and beautiful, is extremely rare — perhaps unique." 


1. St. Ooorge. 

A Thaukoffcring from Alfred Smith, builder, he having been mcni fully 
preserved during the restoraliou of ihe chiu'ch. 



Before the restoration of the church, Funeral Tablets, the 
generality of them poor in design, were fonnd all over the 
walls — behind the gallery, let into the pillars, blocking up 
windows, crowding the chancel ; indeed it seemed as if the 
most accomplished bad taste had from generation to gene- 
ration been occupied, first in designing the tablets, and 
afterwards in placing them. The Committee wisely acted 
upon the architect's advice as to the removal, as far as pos- 
sible, of all black backings, and then arranged the marble 
slabs in such a manner, that they should in no way vio- 
lently disturb the architectural beauty of the building. 
In order that the wording may not be entirely lost, for it 
is on many of the slabs scarcely legible, I have given an 
exact copy from each monument, and the position it occu- 
pies in the Church. 



Sacred to the memory of The Hon. Sir George Grey, Baronet, k.c.b., 
third son of Charles, 1st Earl Grey, 22 years Commissioner to His Majesty's 
Dockyard of this Port. 

Ho departed this life in the Faith and Hope of the Gospel, after a painful 
and protracted illness, which he bore \\-ith exemplary christian patience and 
resignation. Born October the 10th, 1767, died October the 3rd, 1828. 

" The wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life, through. 
Jesus Christ, our Lord." Rom. vi. 23. 



Sacred to tlie memory of Benjamin Fisher, Esqiiiro, Major-General on tlio 
Stall', and Conuiiauding Royal Engineer in the Soutli West District, who died 
in this garrison on the 29th of September, 1814, in the G2nd year of his ago 
His abilities, zeal and integrity, were for 43 years faithfully devoted to his 
country's service in situations of great responsibility. His public conduct 
secured to him the approbation and respect of his superiors, his private virtues 
the ardent love of his family and attachment of all who knew him. 


Sacred to the memory of Chri.stophor AVilliam Guise, fifth son of the lato 
Sir Jolm Guise, Bart., of Highnam Court, Gloucestershire, and Lieut, in the 
North Gloucester Regiment. An unfortunate accident in the execution of his 
duty terminated his earthly career, the 13th day of Octoljer, 1803, in the 
year of his age. He was highly esteemed and regretted by his brother officers, 
and died sincerely lamented by his afflicted relations. This monmncnt is 
greeted by his much distressed mother, in token of hor love and affection. 



Sacred to the memory of Sir George Campbell, G.C.B., Admiral of the 
White Squadron of His Majesty's fleet. He was the son of Piyse Campbell, 
Esq., of Cawdor Castle, county of Nairn, N. B., and brother of Lord Cawdoi-, 
He married Eustatia, daughter of J. H. Campbell, Esq., Loixl Lyon King 
at Arms for Scotland, brother of Pryse Campbell. He died Commander-in- 
Chief at Portsmouth, Januaiy the 23rd, 1821, aged 59, having served 49 
years in the Royal Navy, in which he eminently distinguished himself in most 
arduous and essential services. In consideration of which and his high character. 
His present Majesty, in the most gracious manner, appointed him Groom of the 
Bed-chamber, and conferred on him the most honourable Military Order of the 

" To him whoso loyal, brave, and gentle heart, 
Fulfilled the hero's and the Christian's part. 
Whose charity, like that which Paul injoiucd. 
Was wanri, bencflc'cnt, and imcoulincd, 

102 DOMUS iJET. 

This stone is reared — to public duty true, 
The seaman's friend — the fathei' ol" his crew. 
Mild in reproof, sagacious in command, 
He spread fraternal zeal throug:hout his band ; 
He led each arm to act, each heart to feel 
What British valour owes to Britain's weal. 
These were his public virtues, but to trace 
His private worth, fair purity and grace ; 
To paint the traits that drew affection strong: 
I'rom friends, an ardent and an ample throng ; 
And more to speak his memory's grateful claim 
On her who mourns him most and bears his name, 
O'ercomes the trembling hand of widow's grief, 
O'ercomes the heart unconscious of relief; 
Save in Religion's high and holy tmst, 
Wliile placing this memorial o'er his dust. 


Sacred to the memory of Major Thomas Oldficld of the Marines, who from 
early youth distinguished himself under several commanders, and especially in 
America under Lord Comwallis, until, honoured even by his enemies in whose 
front he fell, he sacrificed that life, which he had so often hazarded in the ser- 
vice of his coimtry, at the seige of Acre in Syria, April the 7th, 1799, aged 43. 

This monimient was erected as a testimony of sincere affection and grati- 
tude, by the widow and son of Lieutenant John Nicholson Oldfleld of the 
Marines, the loving and loved brother of the above, who died Apiil the 9th, 
A.D. 1793, aged 41, and was interred at Alverstoke. 



To the memory of the Rev. Samuel Leggatt, a.m., upwards of 26 years 
Chaplain to the Forces in this Garrison. Obiit March 7th, 1848. JEtat 74. 


In memory of Colonel Robert Moncreiff, formerly Commandant of the 
Portsmouth division of Royal Marines, in which corps, for a period exceeding 
60 years, he was distinguished by valour and energy^ in service, and by a high 
sense of honour and justice in command. Died 24th of January, 1844, aged 36 

DOM us DEI. 10:; 


Sacred to the memory of John Baker Hay, Esquire, Captain of II. M.S. 
'• Quoen Caroline." IIo died most deeply lamented on the 13th of May, 1823. 


In mcmoiy of Captain William Frcdoriek McBoiin, of the 31: t Hunting- 
donshire Regiment, who died at Tien-Tsin, North China, the 21tit April, 1862, 
in his 38th year. This tablet is erected hy his brother ofHccrs, in token of their 
liigli regard for his upright and amiable character during the period he served 
in the regiment (upwards of seven years), and their deep regret at his im timely 


In memory of Christopher Hodgson, Lieut. 8 tth Regiment, son of Robert 
Hodgson, Esq., Prince Edward's Island. Obiit 2Gth December, 1838, aitat. 33. 


Sacred to the memoi-y of John Hume, Surgeon, of His Majesty's 59th 
Regiment, who departed this life the 12th of August, 1828, in the 48th year of 
his age. 


Sacred to the menioiy of Lieut-Colonel Thomas Fetherston, of the Bengal 
Establishment, who departed this life the 13th August, 1832, aged 77 years. 


In memory of Lieut. Robert Kny, of the 7th Royal Fusiliers, who died at 
Manchester on the 1st of April, 1851, in the 31st year of his age. This tablet 
ia erected by his brother officers as a token of their esteem. 


Sacred to the memcry of Captain George Marshall, of Her Majesty's 31st 
Regiment, eldest son of Lieut-Colonel Marshall, of the Royal Marines. Ho 
died on the 24th of August, 1842, in the 33rd year of his ago, in AfTghanistan, 
on his march to Cabool, of fever, brought on by over exertion and fatigue in 
action with the encmv on ihe 2fith of Julv, 1842. 


Sacred to the memory of ISlajor T. J. Harrison, late in the Royal 
Artillery, and of Weard House, Cornwall, who departed this life the 10th 
December, 1820, aged 58 years. This tablet was erected by the AS'idow of the 
deceased, as a tribute to his many excellencies and virtues, and as a memorial 
of her devoted attachment. Also Charles James Henry Harrison, second son 
of the above, who died at Malta on the 6th January, 1839, aged 28 years. His 
loss Avill be ever deeply mourned by his family for his many virtues. Ho was. 
a dutiful son, an aflFectionate brother, and a sincere friend. 


Sacred to the memory of PajTnaster Roberts, 59th Regiment, who died of 
fever at Antigua, on the 16th of December, 1841, aged 38 years. Also to the 
memory of Ensign Prior, 59th Regiment, who died on the oth of February, 
1844, aged 22 years, from the eifects of a wound caused by the accidental dis- 
charge of his gun whilst shooting near this place. This tablet was erected by- 
their brother oflBcers as a token of their esteem. 


Sacred to the memory of Lieut. Henry Wemyss, 21st Royal North British 
Fusilier.*!, yoimgest son of the late Colonel "Wemyss, of Wemysshall, Fifeshire, 
N.B., who died on the 27th October, 1832, aged 19 years. Brief and lovely 
was his span of life, his youth was full of fair promise, he was beloved by all 
wiio knew him, and to his mother, by whom this sad monument is raised, he 
jiever caused grief until his death. 


In memory of Brevet Major Henry Buck, who died at Portsmouth on the 
2!^st December, 1862, after having served for 18 years in the 63rd Regiment. 
Aged 36 years. Erected by his brother officers in token of their esteem. 


Near this place are deposited the remains of Miss Hannah Bullock, who, 
departed this life 24th January, 1790, aged 44 years. 

Sacred to the memory of Lieut-Colonel Samuel Williams of the Roya.1 
Marines, who served his king and country with honour and fidehty forty-two 
years, and died the 16th day of December, 1824, liiglily respected, in the o9th 
year of his age. 



Sacred to the memory of Pictor Laurcntz Campbell, Esquire, a.c.e., lato 
Lieutenant in the Royal Scots Fusiliers, eldest son of Colonel Ronald Camp- 
bell, the 72nd Highlanders, born 31st March, 1809, died 4th October, 1848. 
Ho was successively appointed to various offices of confidence and authority 
under the government at tlic Cape of Good Hope, and New South Wales, in the 
department of H.M. Board of Trade, ai^d in the Manchcstev and Leeds, and 
South "Western Railways ; and was in all conspicuous for superior ability, and 
for an energy i^nd zeal to which at leqgth he fell a sacriflce at the age of 39. 
" By grt\co are ye suyed through fai^h, 
" And that not of youi-selves, it is the gift of God." 


in iiiomory of H. G. Andrac, Esquire, late Bandmaster of the 4th 
(King's Own) Regiment, who died February- 11th, 1850, aged 49 years. Xhis. 
tablet waa erected by t'lc Band of the Regiment, as a testiniouy of their sincere 
respect for their departed Master, " Requiescat In Pace." 


This tablet is erected in memory of John Sinclair, m.d, late Assistant Sur-. 
gcon of H.M.S. " Excellent," by the officers of that Ship, as a token of their 
great regard and esteem. He died October the 2oth, 1840, aged 26 years, 


This tablet is erected as a token of sincere alfcction, to the memory of Rear 
Admiral Byron, C.B., who departed this life September the 2nd, 1837; also to 
that of his son, Commander Byron, who died February the 23rd, 1843, off 
Mazatlan, on the West Coast of Mexico, while in command of Her Majesty's 
Sloop of "War " Champion." 


Sacred to the memory of Ensign W\nid]iam Knatchbull, late of (he 1st 
Regiment of Foot Guards, second son of "Wjaidham Knatchbull, Esq. of Lon- 
don, by Catherine his ^vife, daughter of the late Sir Edward Knatchbull, Bart, 
of Mersham Hatch, in the county of Kent. He was compelled to quit his regi- 
ment on service in Spain for the recovery of his health. He died on board His 
Majesty's Ship "Dictator" the 14th day of October, 1813, being the day on 

]0r> DOMUS DEI. 

which the ship arrived at Spithead. Ilnving at the early age of 18 paid the last 
tribute of the soldier, his remains were interred with military honours in the 
burial ground adjoining to this chapel. A sorrowing father caused this tablet 
to be placed here in sad remembrance of his irreparable loss, and in testimony of 
the mournful regret of the numerous friends and relatives of the deceased. 


Sacred to the memory of Major Nicholas Ilnvenden, 59.'h Regiment, 
who died at Leeds, on the 30th September, 1845, aged 52 years ; 36 of which he 
passed in the 59th Regiment, having served with it in the Peninsula, at "Water- 
loo, and Bhurtpore. This tablet was erected by his brother officers as a token 
of their esteem. 




Sisto gradum mortalis ct hujus quern tenet uma hoec 
Collige virtutem, quodiice disce mori, 
Justitiam, regem, patriam, Christumque sccutus 
Moribus, officio, corde, et amore pio. 

Hie jacet Daniel O'Connor (vulgo Cornelius dictus) ex antiqua ct 
illustri O'Connorum prosapitl ortus, in Momonia Hybemia^ provincia, qui, 
per decern annorum curriculum, serenissimis nostris regibus Carolo prime, 
pioe memorioe, et Carolo secundo ter maximo, glorioso, jam ficliciter regnanti, 
Equestris Turmce Dux, fidcliter, prudenter, fortiter, inservivit ; consilio pru- 
dentissimus, expertissimus in hello, quietissimus in pace, stetit, vicit, vixit, 
neque elatus in prosporis neque dcjectus in adversis, ut eum nee tumid^ nee 
timid6 vixisse merito dicas, (uno varbo) semper idem, toti patricB totus, unicus 
amicis amcissimus, paupcribus pater perpetuus, vir singulari patientia, vigUan- 
tii, sobrietate, omatissimus ; uxorem duxitDominam Arnam "WTialey, eximioo 
modestise, pietatis, charitatis foeminam, Londini in Parochii Stse. Marise 
Magdalenje, ex qua nuUam habuit prolem,cum qu{l per deccm annorum spatium 
unanimiter vixit, depnsita tandem (prop dolor) hujus mortalitatis sarcina, vitam 
cum morte quiett-, pie, religiose commutavit, anno Regni Caroli Secundi xiv., 
et naturre rcparatce mdclxii. jEtatis su^ xxxxv., die x. septembris. 

Abi viator et refer, hujus interitu 

cajterorum mortalium vitam solvi 

DOMUS DEI. 10'] 

To the Glory of God alone. 

Stay your stop, thou mortal, and learn the ^^rtuo of him uhom this um 
contains, and, taking for your leader one who in morals, dutj% heart and pious 
love, followed justice, his king, his country and Christ, learn to die. Hero lies 
Daniel O'Connor (commonly called Cornelius), sprung from the ancient and 
illustrious race of the O'Connors, of the Province of ^lunster, in Ireland; 
who, for a period of ten years, as Captain of the Horse Guard, faithfully, pru- 
dently, and gallantly served our most Serene So\ereigns Charles I. of pious 
memorj', and Charles II. thrice most great and glorious, now happily reigning. 
Most prudent in council, most expert in war, gentle in peace, he stood, ho 
conquered, he lived, neither elated in prosperity nor dejected in adversity ; so 
that you may deservedly say, that he lived neither boastfully nor timidly. In 
a word, he was a devoted patriot, the warmest of friends and ever a father to 
the poor, one adorned in a remarkable manner with singular patience, vigilance, 
and sobriety. He married Dame Anna Whalcy, a woman of eminent modesty, 
piety, and charity, of the Parish of St. Mary Magdalene, London ; by whom 
he had no family, and with whom he lived in perfect concord for a period of ten 
years. The burden of this mortality having alas ! been laid aside, he quietly, 
piously, and religiously changed life for death in the xivth year of the reign of 
Charles II, and of our Redemption 1062, on the 10th September, aged 4r5. 

Go, traveller, and tell by the death of this man, how the life of other mor- 
tals should be spent. 


Sacred to the memory of Lieut-Colonel A. H. Ball, Royal Marines, who 
died 19th of April, 1829, aged 52 years, esteemed and regretted. 



Sacred to the memory of Nathan Ashhurst, Esq., fourteen years To\A'n- 
Major of this garrison, who, after a service of 44 years in various quarters of 
the globe, died here on the 19th of December, 1820, in the 60th year of his ago. 
To a zealous and faithful discharge of his military duties in this garrison, ho 
united in an exemplary degree the kind heartedness, benevolence, and friendly 
attentions of the citizen and good neighbour. To periDctuatc their sense of 
those his estimable qualities, the military and naval officers and inhabitants of 
this town have caused this monument to be erected. 


Xo:ir this moniiinont lie interred the remains of Colonel E. Desimaretz, lute 
His Majesty's Commissary for the demolition of the works at Dunkirk, who 
departed this life the 16 th of September, 1768, in the 82nd year of his age. 
Though horn a foreigner, he early adopted every generous sentiment of ci\'il and 
religious liberty, and exerted his active abilities for the service of this nation, in 
quality of an engineer. An indefatigable zeal and unshaken integrity ia the 
execution of several important works oomnxitted to his charge deservedly en- 
titled him to the approbation of his superiors and the esteem of the public, while 
his social virtues in the sphere of private life endeared him to all his friends, by 
whom he is sincerely regretted. His affectionate daughter Mary Desimaretz 
Durnford hath caused this monument to be erected, as a testimony of filial piety 
to the memory of the best of fathers and of a tender mother, w:hose feliques. 
^yore also, deposited in thjs chapel on the of July, 170^. 



Sacred to the memory of Lieut-Colqnol William Davids, INIajor in tho 
Portsmouth Division of Royal Marines, who died November the 8th, 1803, aged 
47 years. This stone is placed here by a sincere friend, 


Near this place lyeth the body of the Hon. Colonel Peter Hawker, late 
Lieut- Governor of Portsmouth, who departed this life the 5th day of January, 
1732, in the 60th year of his age. The above tablet was repaired in 1838 by 
his great grandson, Colonel Peter Hawker. 

In memory of John Howe, late Ensign in His Majesiy's 39th Regiment, 
who departed this life on tho 3rd day of January, 1832, in the 21st year of his 
age, and whose remains are tatcrred in the buiying ground of this chapel, 



Near his spot repose the mortal remains of Sir James Lucas Yeo, Captain 


in the Royal Na\-y, Knight Commiinder of the Bath, Knight Commander of 
St. Bento of Avis, -who died on the 21st of August, 1818, in the 37th year of 
his age. It was the eu^-iablc foi-tune of this able officer, living in times of high 
enterprise, to meet -with opportunities of distinction, of which he nobly availed 
himself, adding essentially to the national renovvii, and by his personal prowess 
wimiing for himself an imperishable name in the naval annals of liis country. 
This tablet was erected to his memory by his brother officers and personal 



In memory of Charles Durnford, late Ensign in His Majesty's 6oth Regi- 
ment, and fifth son of Colonel Durnford, of the corps of Royal Engineers, 
who died at this place on the 7th of January, 1832, aged 20 years. 


Sacred to the memoiy of second Lieutenant Charles Dudley Pater Mar- 
shall, son of Lieut-Colonel Marshall of the Royal ISIarines, who died on board 
the brig "Annie," on his passage from Barbadoes to England, October the 14th, 
1834, aged 21 years. 


In memory of Donald Campbell, Esquire, Rear- Admiral of the White, 
Commander-in-Chief of H.M. Ships on the Leeward Islands Station. Died at 
sea on board his Flagship "Salisbury," 11th of November, 1819, aged 67 
years. Interred here 3rd of February, 1820. Also of Margaret Harriot, his 
wife, who died the 17th of Januaiy, 1831, aged 65 years. This nionumc(nt is 
erected by their affectionate son H. D. Campbell. As also to Donald Campbell, 
infant son of the above H. D. Campbell and Annie Maria, his wife, who died 
the 14th of August, 1831, aged 11 months. 


Sacred to the memory of Lieut-General Francis Baron do Rottenburg, 
K.c.H., who departed this life, April 25th, 1832. This tablet is erected as a 
mark of respect by his aflfcctiona'tc daughter, Lady William Paget. 



Near this spot arc deposited the leniains of Martlia Foster, wife of Colonel 
Thomas Foster, who departed this life on the 3rd of May, l82o. 



Sacred to the mcmoiy of George C(jokes, Esq., late Lieutenant in the South 
Gloucester Militia, who died 7th of February, 1795, aged 27 years, eldest son of 
the Rev. Thomas Cookes, of Barboume House, Worcester. The deep regret 
which is still experienced for his most irreparable loss by his surviving friends 
will best express his vmcquallcd worth and rare endowments. This tablet M'as 
erected 14 111 Dcccnuber, 1820, by a surviving frioudi 


To the memory of George James Young, Lieut. 17th Regiment, Bombay 
N. Infantry, who died at " Ootacamond," on the 23rd June, 1844, in the 21st 
year of his age. 

Also Charles Edward Yoimg, Lieutenant 50th Regiment, killed at the 
battle of " Moodkee" on the Sutlej, 18th of December, 1845, in the 20th year 
of his age. This tablet is erected by Major and Mrs. Young, late of the 38th 
Regiment, the son-owing parents of the above young officers cut olf in the 
morning of life in their countiy's service. 


Sacred to the memory of Lieut-Colonel George MacGregor, C.n., of His 
Majesty's 69th Regiment, obiit 7th August, 1828, letat 48. This monument 

■was erected by his aUbctionato and disconsolate widow. 


In memory of Major-General Sir Samuel Gibbs, k.c.h., who gloriously 
fell in the service of his country at New Orleans on the 9th of January, 1815, 
in the forty-fourth year of his age. 

DOMUS DEI. 1 11 


In mcmoiy of Mary, the boloved wife of M:iJor I. Miiugliau, ii.M. ; sho 
died July the I'Jth, 18155, aged 43, also of Cecilia Barbara Harriett, their eldest 
daughter, As-ho died July the 17th, 1835, aged 21. To record his deep sorrow, 
but iu humble submission to the Divine "Will, the mourning father and huj^baud 
dedicated tliis tablet. 


Sacred to llie nipmory of Amelia Harriotte, only daughter of M.njor 
Frederick McBcan, of II.M. 84th llegiineut, who died sincerely beloved and 
regretted by her paieuts and friends, 14th Febniarj', 1842, aged 5 years and 
3 months. 


Sacred to the memory of Thomas Robinson, Scruft-Major of the Ports- 
mouth Division of Royal Marines, who died June 1st, 1822, aged 40 years. 
This tablet is erected by the non-commissioned officers of that corps, as a mark 
of their esteem and respect for a brave soldier and a worthy man. 


In memory of Lieut-General Arthur Whetham, First Gentleman of tho 
Bed Chamber to His Royal Highness the Duke of Cumberland, Colonel of tho 
first battalion of the GOth Regiment, Lieutenant Governor of this Garrison and 
Commander of the South West District. He died 18th May, 1813, in tho 
sixtieth year of his age. 


In memory of Lieut-Colonel Thomas Timins, Royal Marines, who de- 
parted this life 25th October, 1828, aged C.7 years. Ho was senior oflBcer of his 
corps in tho battle of Trafalgar, and served his country ^fifty years with zeal, 
honour and humility. 


To the memory of Major Geneial Sir George Allan Madden, Knt. c.n., 
and Commander of the Order of tho Tower and Sword, bom Januaiy 3ixl, 1771, 
died December 8th, 1828, aged 57 years. His earlier services wore in Corsica 
and Egypt, subsequently he distinguished himself in the war of the Peninsula 
particularly near Fuentcsdc Cantos in Estremadm-a, where, at the head of tho 


brijj;ade of Portuguese Cavalry uuder his orders, lie [gallantly charged and 
repulsed the French army of Andalusia, on the 15th September, 1810, com- 
manded by Marshal Morticr ; and by this brilliant exploit was the means of 
saving the Spanish Army under the Marquis de Romana from destruction, 


To the memory of Captain "William John Madden, eldest son of James 
Madden, Esquire, of Colehill House, Fulham, Middlesex, and brother of Major 
General Sir G. A. Madden, bom 26th October, 1757, died 3rd May, 1833 ; also 
in memory of Sarah, wife of Capt. W. T. Madden, and daughter of the Rev. 
Arnold Carter, M.A., Minor Canon of Rochester Cathedi-al, bom the 21st June, 
1759, died 8th May, 1833. 


Sacred to the memory of Lieut. John Crocket, r.m.a., M-ho was killed lead- 
ing his men in an attack on a band of Pirates in the river Teba, near the 
Gambia, on the coast of Africa, on the 12th December, 1849, aged 26 years, 
lie met a soldier's death, and rests in a sailor's grave. 

Also to the memory of Michael Cairns, boatswain's mate, aged 35 years, and 
John Neale, Gimner r.m.a., aged 27 years, who died of wounds received on the 
same occasion. This tablet is erected by their messmates and shipmates in 
H.M. Steam Frigate " Centaur," who deoj^ly lament their untimely fate. 


Remember Charles Jolm Torrens, Captain, r.a.. and youngest son of 
Major-General Sir Henry Torrens, Adj-General, k.c.b., k.t.s. He died at 
Portsmouth, ISIarch 14th, 1847, aged 30 years. 


Sacred to the memory of Brevet-Major Charles Elliott Balchild, of the 
Royal Marines, who died at sea on board H.M.S. " Queen," on the 15th Sept., 
184G, aged 56. His remains are interred in the English cemetery at Cadiz. 
Entered the service on the 25tli April, 1804. 

DOMUS DEI. ] 1 3 

H.M.S. "QUEEN." 

Sacred to the memory of 

Years months days 
James Napper, Surgeon aged 40 „ „ 

James Hislop Schoolmaster 28 ,, „ 

Young Green West Midshipman 15 7 5 

Arthur Bridgman Simpson do. 12 7 10 

Henry Smart Crawford do. 16 25 

Charles William Thornton do. 11 11 

John Augustus Aldham do. 15 3 8 

of His Majesty's Ship " Queen," who fell victims to an insidious hrain fever 
which developed itself on hoard that ship, hetween the 14th day of Octoher, 
and the 15th day of Novemhor, 1827, after lea\-ing the Island of St. Jago, Cape 
de Verde ; on her passage from England to the Cape of Good Hope. This 
tablet is erected by Captain Lord Henry John Spencer Churchill, the gunroom 
officers, and midshipmen of H.M.S. " Tweed," as a tribute of their esteem and 
sincere regard. 



In memory of the Hon. Po\vnoll Fleetwood Pellew, R.N., grandson of 
Admiral Viscount Exmouth. He died at Portsmouth on Christmas Day, 1851 , 
first Lieutenant of the Royal Yacht " Victoria and Albert," after a short and 
severe illness, aged 28 years. " The beloved son of a widowed Mother." 


Sacred, as a tribute of sincere affection by Major William Persse, to the 
memory of his dear wife, Eliza, daughter of the Hon. Tudge Moore, who 
departed this life on board the " Roxburgh Castle," when within reach of the 
British shore, after an absence of 10 years, on tlio 26th May, aged 36 years. 


Near this place are deposited the remains of Sir John Laforey. Baronet, 
Admiral of the Blue Squadron, who departed this life on board His M;ijesty'si 



Ship " Majestic " at sea, on his passage from the West Indies, on the 14th day 
of Juno, in the year of our Lord, 1796, aged 76 years. 


In memory of Quarter-Master "William Barnes, 2nd Royal Cheshire !Mili- 
tia, who died at Portsmouth on the 28th of December, 1858, in the 4Gth year of 
his age. This tablet is erected by his brother officers as a token of their esteem. 


Sacred to the memory of Ann Maria, wife of Lieut-Colonel William 
Woodhouse, commanding the 20th Regiment M.N.I. , bom November the 10th, 
178-1, died at Quilon, on the coast of Malabar, November the 5th, 1826. Also of 
Ann her Mother, relict of the late Samuel Leggatt, Esq., of Norwich, bom 
August the 12th, 1746, died August the 20th, 1827, who lies buried in this 

" Optimis et dilectissimis matrum et sororum, Samuel (hujus prgesidii 
sacerdos) Horatius et Gerardus hoc monumentum posuere." 

Also of Gerard Leggatt, Esq., Captain in the 41st Regiment M.N. I., born 
May the 6th, 1872 ; died at Madras, September the 16th, 1828. 



In memory of Caroline, the beloved wife of Colonel Cardew, Commanding 
Royal Engineer of the South West and Sussex District, who departed this hfc, 
deeply lamented, at Landport House, Portsmouth, after a long and painful ill- 
ness, which she bore with christian fortitude and resignation, September the 
19th, 1845, aged 61. " Our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh 
for us a far more exceeding weight of glory." 


Sacred to the memory of Anne Maria Williams, sister of the late Colonel 
Sir Richard Williams, K.B., and Colonel Samuel Williams, who died on the 
7th day of Fobniarj', 1844, in the 87th year of her age. 



Sacred to the memory of Lieut-Colonel Archbold of the Royal Marines 
who, after a faithful and honoiu-ablo service, died at Portsmouth on the in day 
of January, MDCCCix, aged Lxx years. Also of Mary his wife, who died on 
the XXIII day of March, mdcccui, aged LXiv years. Also of second Lieu- 
tenant Thomas Archbold, Royal Marines, son of the above Thomas and Mary 
Archbold, who died on the ii day of January, mdcclxxxvi, aged xv years, 
and of Harriett, their daughter, who died on the xxv day of February, 
MDCCLXXiv, aged iv years and ix months, and of James, their son, who died 
on the XTiii day of IMay, mdcclxxv, aged ii years and ii months. 

The above all deceased at Portsmouth, and are buried near this spot. This 
tablet is erected agreeably to the will of Mary Anne, the dutiful and affec- 
tionate daughter of the above Thomas and Maiy Ai-chbold, who died at Chel- 
tenham, on the VII day of October, mdcccxxii, aged Liv years, and was 
interred at Leckhampton. 


In memory of Thomas Meik, m.d., 39 years Physician to the town and 
garrison of Portsmouth, who died on the 23rd May, 1811, aged 76 years, and 
was buried near this monument, as were also four of his sons who died in their 
infancy. Likewise of Margaret, daughter of the late James Lind, m.d., Phy- 
sician to Haslar Hospital, and relict of the above Thomas Meik, m.d. She 
died on the 18th December, 1832, aged 82 years. 

Maria Johnston, daughter of the above, obiit the 6lh August, 1841, aged 
68 years. 


Sacred to the memory of Colonel Sir Richard Williams, late Commaudant 
of the Royal Marines, (i"ormcrly Commandant of the lloyal Marine Artilleiy) 
and Knight Commander of the most Hon. Order of the Bath, an honor granted 
in recompense of long and meritorious services in defence of his country. 
Died June 1st, 1859. 


In memory of Lieut. William Grant, who, after a service of nearly sixty 
years, died on tho 30th September, 1806, To\*Ti-Major of this Garrison, in the 



79th year of his age, and on the anniversary of the day on which he very 
honorably distinguished himself at the battle of Bucker-Muhl in Germany, in 
the j'car 1762. He was a brave soldier and, in his character as a man, strength 
of mind, probity, and benevolence were united. 


In memory of Captain "William Burnett, e.n., 3rd son of the late Sir 
Robert Burnett, Bart, of Leys, who died ia command of Her Majesty's Ship 
"Magicienne" at Portsmouth, on the 16th of AprU, 18i0, aged 41 years. 


In memory of Colonel David James Ballingall, Colonel Commandant of 
the Woolwich Division of Royal Marines, who died the 31st March, 1846. 
Also of Mrs. Colonel BaUtagall, widow of the above, who died 5th December, 


In memory of Mary Gerrish Jones, widow of Capt. Lewis Tobias Jones, 
of the coimty of Sligo, Ireland, (formerly of the 14th Regiment) who died in 
April, 1835, and was inten-ed in a vault near this tablet. Also ia memoiy of 
the above Capt. Lewis Tobias Jones, who died at Bishop -Wearmouth in 
September, 1822. 


The Lectern, of the purest oak, is much admired for its 
simplicity and elegance. It was given by the sons and 
daughters of Lieutenant Alexander Paisswurm, to whose 
memory it is dedicated. On a small brass are the following 
words : — 


" In Memoriam Alexandri Russwurm hanc Lectrinam Deo et Ecclesiae 
dedere pi^ recordantes Filii Filiasque." 

Lieutenant Russwurm served in the attack on New Orleans as Lieutenant, 
5th W.I. Regiment. 



The Pulpit, designed by G. E. Street, R.A., was presented, 
in memory of their gallant comrades, by the crew of H.M.S. 
" Penelope." Beneath a cross, around which are the words 
" Crux mihi anchora," is the following inscription : — 

" To the glory of God and in momory of tho Seamen and Marines of 
H.M.S. Penelope, who were killed at Bomarsund or died in the service of their 
country, between the .5th of April, 1854, and July 8th, 1858, this Pulpit wuh 
erected by their .surviving shipmates. Stations — Baltic, Cape of Good Ilopt-, 
and East Indies." 


The Colours of three Regiments — the 7th Royal Fusiliers, 
the Scinde Camel Corps, and the 67th (South Hampshire) 
Regiment, stand out on each side from the pillars in the 
nave. On a brass beneath each flag is inscribed the Regi- 
ment to which it belonged. 

The following words will be found on a tablet beneath 
the Colours of the Camel Corps : — 

The Standards waving above this Tablet are consecrated to the memory of 
General Sir Charles Napier, g.c.b., the conqueror of Scinde, by whose genius 
the Scinde Camel Corps was formed. Happier than most conquerors, he 
secured the aflfections of the vanquished by a wise and beneficial rule of that 
noble Province, which his valour and military skill had won for his countrj-. 
May his glorious name animate the hearts of British soldiers in the day of 

This tablet is put up by Captain Bruce, Commanding the Camel Corps." 

The Colours of the G7th Regiment were first unfurle/ 
at Cork in IHio, and, after having been well rent by hay 
service during the war in China, were solemnly placed 
the old " Domus Dei," on the 30th October, 18G8. 



HE list of the Wardens of the Hospital of Saint 
Nicholas is nearly complete, and a very valuable list 
it is. No one but the painstaking archseologist knows how 
long a time it requires to gather together the interesting 
particulars contained in the few pages of this chapter of 
my story. I therefore gladly here acknowledge that I am 
indebted to F. J. Baigent, Esq., of Winchester, for all the 
information I am able to supply with respect to the War- 
dens of the " Donius Dei," except that relating to the first 
three. It is, I have every reason to believe, the sub- 
stance or result of more than 20 years' investigation and 
hard work. The Bishops' liegisters preserved in the Li- 
brary of Winchester Cathedral, only commence with Bishop 
Pontissara. There was therefore a period of 70 years, 
during which AVardens of the Hospital existed, but their 
names could only be discovered by searching early docu- 
ments, into some of which they had been introduced as 
those of witnesses to deeds, or of parties to agreements 
bearing upon the interests of the Hospital. In this matter 
I received help from one who is world-known as a learned 
archaeologist, Sir Frederic Madden, k.ii., so long the emi- 
nent Keeper of the Manuscripts in the British Museum, 
indeed tliroughout my endeavour to tell the tale of the 
" Domus Dei," I have found him ever ready to guide me 
to what is trustworthy, and to warn me when my authority 
was weak. 


The most common title for the head of a Hospital is 
Gustos or Warden, and strictly speaking it is the most 
fitting designation, but Prior and Master are constantly 
met with in early documents. Curiously enough in the 
earliest document known connected with the " Domus 
Dei," (1214'), and also in that by which it was surrendered, 
the Superior is termed ' ]\Iaster.' I would here observe 
that its Masters were all men of mark, and the Warden- 
ship was at all times considered a valuable piece of prefer- 
ment. In days of tremendous pluralism, the value was 
undoubtedly increased by the fact, that the Head of the 
Hospital was seldom or ever called upon to be in resi- 

With these preliminary remarks, I shall now proceed 
to give a list of the Wardens, and such particulars con- 
cerning them as I have been able to collect. After the 
rule of two or three, whose names have not yet been dis- 
covered, the Wardenship was held by 

Benjamin", in 1248.* This we learn from the following 
grant made in that year. William de Glamorgan, son of 
Philip de Glamorgan gives to the Ghurch of lilessed Mary 
of -f-Quarraria and the monks there Us. of quit rent, which 
Fulco de Wymering has been accustomed to pay yearly to 
the said William for a tenemeiit in Heleseye, &c., &c. 
" Witnesses, Benjo-min, Chaplain, then Prior of the Domus 
Dei of Portesmuwe, &c." 

Nicholas, before and in 12G6.| This also we know 
from the witnesses to a gift. Hugh Kaggy § of Por- 
tesmuwe gives to the church of Blessed Mary of Quar- 
raria and the monks there a house with a celhir andil solar, 
in the town of Portesmuwe, and moreover he concedes to 

* Augment. Off. Cart. Antiq., Vol. 21, f. 39. 

t Quarr Abbey in the Isle of "Wight, near Hyde. 

X Augment. Off. Cart. Antiq. Vol. 18, No. 266. 

§ Caggy is written in the margin of the IMS., by a modern liand, but the 
name was evidently ' Raggy ' as in the gift witnessed by Benjamin. 

II Solar, a house or loft over a collar, an upper chamber. In some ji.irts of 
England a garret is still called a ' .soUar.' 


them a certain piece of land of another of his holdings, 
so that they and their successors shall render thence an- 
nually to the Brothers of the ' Domus Dei ' of Portesrauwe 
and their successors 12d. at the Feast of St. Michael. 
" Witnesses, Sir INIatthew, Prior of Southwick, Brother 
Nicholas, Prior of the ' Domus Dei,' Src, &c." 

PtOBERT, in 1268.* The name of this Warden and the 
date are obtained from an agi*eenient made in the 52nd 
year Hen. Ill, (1208), between Pobert Walerand and 
Kobert, Master of the Hospital of Portsmouth, preserved 
in the Piecord Oflice.-f- 

SiR EoGER DE Harwedone, about 1296. The exact 
date is not known, but he appears to have been collated to 
the Wardenship of the Hospital by John de Portissara 
during the latter part of his e]jiscopate. As the Bishop 
was consecrated in 1282, and died December, 1304, the 
above date will be not far from accurate. When Bishop 
Portissara was about to go abroad on matters connected 
with the well being of the State, he nominated Sir PtOger 
de Harwedone to be one of his Vicars General during his 
absence. Pie also presented him to the rectory of Edyndon, 
Wilts, on the 9th September, 1303, and to the rectory 
of Downton in the same county, on the 18th November of 
the following year. This Warden was also one of the 
Bishop's executors, and subsequently Vicar General to his 
successor Bishop Henry Wodeloke, and is so named in 
1312. In 1314 he became prebendary of Lichfield, and 
resigning the government of '•' Domus Dei," w^as succeeded 
by his nephew. 

Sir William de Harwedone,^ 1314, who wascoUated 
to the Wardenship by Bishop Wodeloke, on the 16th June, 
1314, and the Dean of Droxford was directed to induct 

* This was I believe, a ' Robert de Cnoel,' appoLated by Bishop John de 

t Exchequer, Pedes Finium 52. Hen. III. No. 21. 

X It was during the incumbency of this Warden, viz. in 132J, that the 
Chitntry was founded (see Page 9). 



him. Ill 1328 he was presented to the valuable rectory of 
Crondal by Uisliop John de Stratford, and he continued to 
hold the Wardenship, together with that rectory, till his 
decease. His will was proved before Bishop Adam de 
Oiieton at Farnham Castle, on the 22nd :March, 1339-40. 

Edmund de Akundkll, his successor, was collated on 
the 18th March, 1339-10, and the Trior of Southwick was 
ordered to induct him. He was appointed prebendary of 
York in 1341. At his death in 13-47 

John de Edyndon, was appointed Warden of the 
Hospital by his uncle, Bishop William de Edyndon,* on 
the 12th Maich, 1347. He was ordained Accolite by 
Bishop Edyndon in the chapel of his manor at Eslier on the 
2nd February, 1348-49, as "Gustos Hospitalis Sancti Nicho- 
lai de Portcsmoiitlie''; and Subdeacon, by the same title, at 
Farnham Castle on the 22th J\Iarch, 1349. He had after 
this date many other ecclesiastical appointments, including 
the Mastership of St. Cross Hospital, near Winchester, the 
rectory of Cheriton, and the Archdeaconry of Surrey. On 
the 12th November, 1351, the Bishop allowed him to 
exchange the Wardenship of St. Nicholas' Hospital for the 
tythes of the manor of Nuthangre with 

Tho.mas de EdyisDON, who was collated on the same 
day to the Wardenship, and Sir John Payne, Precentor of 
the Church of St. Marie's, Southampton, was directed to 
induct him. He was ordained Subdeacon by the title 
" Gustos Hospitalis Sancti Nicholai de Portcsmutlic " at 
Esher, on the 2Uth September, 1354; also Deacon at Farnham 
Castle as such, on the 20th April, 1859. He further held 
successively the rectories of Wonston, Alresford, Morstead 
and Downton. During Bishop Edyndon's last illness, 
within four days of the Bishop's death, he resigned the 

* Amon^ the ordinations of William de Edj-ndon, Bishop of AVinchester 
from 1345 to 1366, occurs the name 'Stephen atte Mule' (or 'de Molondinis' as he 
is also tenned) who received holy orders as a professed brother in the Ilouso of 
St. Nicholas of Portsmouth (fratcr professus in JJomo Sancti Nicholai de 
PortesmuthcJ ; Subdeacon 22 September, 1347 ; Deacon 7 March 1348-9 ; and 
Priest on 28 March, 1349. 


Wardenship viz. on the 2nd October, 1366, and the Bishop 

John de Wormexhale to the vacant office on the 
same day. Great care was taken to record the transaction 
with all possible minuteness : — " On the second day of 
October in the year of our Lord 1 366, at South Waltham,* 
the Wardenship of the Hospital of St. Nicholas, Portes- 
mouth, was conferred upon IMaster John de Wormenhale, 
Doctor of Laws ; being vacant by the free and spontaneous 
resignation of IMaster Thomas de Edyndou, its late Warden, 
made at South Waltham aforesaid, in the presence of Mas- 
ter Walter de Seveuhampton, Master John Corfe, John 
Beautree and Eobert de Lincoln, witnesses, on the said 
second day of October of the year abovenamed ; and then 
at the Lord Bishop of Winchester's donation ; and the 
same Master John was canonically appointed Warden of 
the same Hospital, with all the incumbencies and other 
rights appertaining to the same. And Master Walter de 
Seveuhampton, Treasurer of Wolvesey, and Eobert de Lin- 
coln, Eector of Alverstoke were directed jointly or sepa- 
rately to induct him." The whole proceeding was evidently 
an endeavour to have all concluded before the Bishop's 
death. One admires the prudence of having two to in- 
duct joiiitl)/ or separately/. If one should be sick or on a 
journey, the chances were against both being so. " Man 
proposes, God disposes." The Bishop died on the sixth of 
October, and, the induction not having taken place, the 
preferment was considered vacant and the right to present 
fell to Edward III., who generously carried out the wish 
of the late Prelate. By writ of Privy Seal tested at 
Westminster, on the 3rd of February, 13(J6, the King pre- 
sented John de Wormenhale to the Wardenship, " vacant 
and in the King's hands by reason of the vacancy of the 
Bishopric of Winchester ;" and he was instituted to the 
same on the 10th February, by ^Master John Beautree, the 
Official and Guardian of the Spiritualities of the See. 

* Bishop's Waltham, Hants. 

DOMUS DEI. 1-23 

Master John de Wornienhale was ordained Aceolite, by 
Bishop Edyndon as lleclor of the Church of Felphani, 
Sussex, on the 18th December, IStil ; and was a])pointed 
Chancellor of the Diocese by the same prelate on the 11th 
July, 1361, and liis Ofiicial on the 3()th, 13G5. He was 
holding tliese ofhces at the time of the Bishop's death, 
who bequeathed to him £40 and a silver cup with a cover. 
AVilliam de Wykehain, in London on the 22nd February, 
13G6-7, styles him Canon of Salisbury, and appoints him to 
be his Vicar and Commissary General, an office he conti- 
nued to hold until his death, together with the Wardenship 
of the Hospital. 

EiCHAED DE Wykeham, his successor, was collated to 
the Wardenship on the 5tli July, 1370. His incumbency 
was of short duration and on his decease, his kinsman 

Nicholas de Wykeham, Ai'chdeacon of Winchester, 
was appointed Warden on tlie 30th August, 1378, and was 
presented to the rectory of Whituey, Co. Oxon., on the 
same day. He subsequently had other preferments inclu- 
ding the Archdeaconry of Wilts. He was ordained Aceo- 
lite by William de Wykeham at Esher, on the 1 7th April, 
1379, and Subdeacon by the Archbishop of Canterbury, in 
the Church of Arches, on the 4th June following. In the 
■ last year of his life he refused to pay an assessment of 
6s. 8d., but afterwards, it appears, matters were arranged* 
He died Archdeacon of AVilts and AVarden of the Hospital 
of St. Nicholas, in February or IMarch, 1406-7. 

The name of the successor of Nicholas de Wykeham, 
T am unaljle to give for certain, as there is a gap in the 
Episcopal records of the See. Good authority, I under- 
stand, exists for believing that it was 

John Forest, whose relative and executor,f Thomas 
Forest; died as Official Principal of the Diocese in 1463, 
making 1406, the year of Nicholas de Wykeham's death, a 

_ __ 

* Exchequer Clerical Subsidy, 7 Hen. IV. ~ 

t See Complaint Document Pago 120. 

124- DOMUS DEI. 

very probable time for John Forest to enter upon the 

* * * * 

Thomas Kykkeby, Prebendary of York, was, we 
know, Warden in 1 447. He was Master in Chancery from 
1439 to 1447, and Master of the Eolls from 1447 to 
December, 1461, and Treasurer of Exeter Cathedral ; also 
Prebendary of Allcannings and of Middleton in the con- 
ventional church of St. Mary's, Winchester. He died in 
December, 1476. His will, dated the 7th October, 1474, 
and the codicil to it on the 8th December, 1476, were 
proved on the 5th January, 1479. He had resigned the 
Wardenship, some years before his death. 

SiK William Elyot, chaplain, was collated to it by 
Bishop Wayneflete on the 25th February, 1462-3. He was 
afterwards Archdeacon of Barnstable and Chancellor of 
Salisbury. Having held tlie Wardenship within a few 
days of thirty years, he resigned it on the 9th February, 

John Eyse was presented to the vacancy on the same 
day by Dr. Thomas Langton, Bishop of Salisbury and 
Postulate of the See of Winchester, and was duly institu- 
ted to the office of Warden by Cardinal Morton, Archbishop 
of Canterbury, on the 11th February, 1492-3. He was a 
native of Southampton, and on the 24th March, 1470, 
Bishop Wayneflete granted him letters dimissory to receive 
all the sacred orders from any Catholic Bishop having 
faculties and grace and favour from the Apostolic See. 
This John liyse was still Warden on the 30th April, 1507, 
when proceedings were instituted against him by Bishop 
Fox. On a recent visitation by the Bishop, the Hospital 
had been found in a ruinous and neglected state; the 
Warden was therefore cited to appear before the Bishop or 
his Commissary in the conventional church of St. JNIary 
Overy, Southwark, to show cause why all tithes, profits and 
emoluments should not be sequestered. Directions were 
specially given that the citation should be personally 


served vipon him, if possible. If not, the edict of citation, or 
a true copy of it, was to be publicly affixed to the door of 
the Hospital. These procecdinfj;s led to his resignation of 
the Wardenship. He afterwards became Treasurer, and 
subsequently Precentor of Exeter Cathedral, and died on 
the 2th of May, 1531. 

Willia;\[ Styxt, Bachelor of Laws, w\as now appoint- 
ed Warden by Bisliop Fox. He was ordained Accolite on 
the 29th December, 150G, and collated to the rectory of 
Meon Stoke on the 27th February, 1509-10 ; ordained 
Deacon on the 3rd jNIarch, 1514 ; and Priest on'tlie 5th June 
1515. He died holding these preferments in March, 1522. 
John Incext, Doctor of Laws, Vicar General to 
Bishop Fox, Eector of Kimpton and late Eector of All 
Saints, Southampton, was collated, (the last AVarden,) on 
the 22nd September, 1522. He was ordained Deacon on 
the 18th February, 1512-13; and Priest on the 12th March 
following. In 1524 he was presented to the Mastership 
of St. Cross Hospital near AVinchester. He surrendered 
the Hospital of St. Nicholas of Portsmouth to Henry VIII. 
on the 2nd June, 1540, and two days afterwards was 
rewarded with the Deanery of St. Paul's, which he held, 
together with the Mastership of St. Cross Hospital and the 
rectory of Kimpton, till his death in 154-5. 

There is a very curious complaint document, which 
supplies valuable information about the monies of the 
' Domus Dei,' and the unfaithful use thereof by one of the 
Masters. It also supports the opinion that John Forest 
was the predecessor of Thomas Kyrkeby as Warden. There 
is no date to the complaint, but it may be considered a 
writing of the end of the reign of Henry VI., or early in 
the days of Edward IV. Of this the reader shall judge 
for himself. I give a literal copy of it without the contrac- 
tions : — 


Exchequer Trcasui-y of Receipt, IMiscoll. Books. Ajtj Chapter House fol. 237. 
(Inventories of Monasteries, &c.) 

Fyrst that the powr pcpull has nott thcr bred baked and ther drj-nkc brewed 
in the howsse as yt was wont for to be, and sythcns this mast<?r that now ys 


com fhctlior ; butt the master has caryed yt, as all the brewyng vessels, to a fermc 
that longith to the same a myln fro the howsse, by reason wherof the powr 
pepull be in manner undone. Item, the meyr of the towne owght to see the 
weght of the bred and the goodnes of the same bred and ale. Go the come 
nevr at so hye a price allveys the bred and ale to be of a goodnys ; butt the 
master wiU not obey to that and so scrvys the powr pepull at hys pleysure, that 
ys, wt vere cowrse bred and smaller diynke, ^viche ys contrary to all good 
consyens and to the foimdacion wt no charyte. 

Also this howsse may dispend by year of temporal! land four score pounds, 
whereof the powr pepull has a pece of them, as syx men and syx women evry 
weke syx pence apece, and then a priest for hys wages. And e\Ty fortnight 
they have seven lovys of bred and fyve galons of ale apece. 

And the master that now ys maye dyspend 8 or 900 markes by the yer or 
mor, and kepyth ther no ospitalite, wiche ys a gret dekay to the towne. 
Indorsed — God's howse of Portcsmouthe. 
Addi-essed — To ISIr. Forest delyver this. 

If we suppose, as tlie writing and spelling imply, that 
this complaint was forwarded about the end of the reign of 
Henry VI., the Master referred to must have been Thomas 
Kyrkeby, who resigned his office in the second year of 
Edward IV. (l-i62), and very probably it was his dishonest 
conduct which led to his leaving the Mastership. It will 
be observed that the paper is addressed to Mr. Forest, i.e. 
we may fairly believe, Thomas Forest, Bishop Waynflete's 
Official, the distinguished personage to whom I have 
already alluded, and one to whose care a formal complaint 
would as a matter of business be forwarded. 

The following are the documents in full, which prove 
that Benjamin, Nicholas, and liobert, were Masters of the 
" Domus Dei," not long after its foundation, 


Augment. Oflf., Cart. Antiq, Vol. 21. fol. 39. 
" Universis sanctas matris Ecclesise filiis prtesens scriptum visuris vel audituris, 
WiUelnius de Glamorgan, filius PhiUipi de Glamorgan, salutem in Domino. 
Noveritis me, divina3 pietatis intuitu, ct pro salute animas mese et antecessorum 
et hajrediim meorum dedisse, coneessi?e, et hiic prassenti carta mea. confirmiisse 


Deo et ecclcsise bcataj Mariiv de Quararia, ct moiiacliis ibidem Deo servient ibus, 
undccim solidatas quioti ridditus, quas niilii eon.suevit Fuleo de Wjiiicring 
annuatini pcr.solvere pro tencmento quud tcnuit de me in Ilelcscyo, ct qniecinid 
juris in ditto rcdditu et tencmento habui vel habere potui, cum omnibus ad 
dictum rcddituni et tonementum pertinentibus, absque omni retineraento. 
Habendas et percipiendas annuatim prajdictis monacMs ct eorum assignatis in 
liberam, puriun, et perpetuam elemosinain, pro dicto tencmento, a dicto Fulcone 
et hairedibus suis vel ab co quicumquc ilhid tenucrit, nd duos terminos anni 
scilicet, ad Pascham quinque solidos et sex denarios, ct ad festum Sancti 
Micbaclis quinque solidos ct sex denarios, sine aliquil oceasiono. Et ego, Wil- 
lelmus, ct hasredes mei, hunc rcdditiun pra^dictum cum dicto tencmento et 
omnibus pcrtinentiis jam dictis monacliis ct coruin assigriatis, sicut mcam liberam 
pui'am, et perpetuam elemosinam, contra omnes mortales dcbemus warantizare 
defendere, et ab omnibus exactionibus acquietare. Prajtcrea ego, Willelmus, 
concessi et confirmavi ssepedictis monachis domum, quod Thomas Brico et Alicia 
matertera mea dcderunt eisdem, videlicet, undccim soUdatas redditus annul, quas 
percipere consucvit dictus Thomas Brico annuatim de Fulcone de Wynicring, 
pro tencmento quod idem Fulco tcnuit in Hele&eye de pra^nominatis Thoma et 
Alicia uxorc ejus. lit autem hasc mea donacio, conccsbio, et confii-macio perpe- 
tuam firmitatem optineant, prasscntem cartam sigilli mei impressione robora\a. 
His testibus : Benjamin, Capdlano, tunc Friore domus Dei de Portcsimiwe, 
Thoma de Aula, Rogero filio ejus, Ada de Comptonc, Roberto do Colevilla, 
Petro de Cosham, Willelmo de Thantone tunc prseposito de Portcsmuwe, 
Stephano Camifice, "Willelmo Ragy, et multis aliis." 


" To all the sons of Holy Mother Chui'ch who shall see or hear the present 
writing, WiUiam de Glamorgan, son of Philip de Glamorgan, greeting in the 
Lord. Know ye that, moved by a sense of divine mercy and for the salvation 
of my soul and the souls of my ancestors and my heirs, I have given, granted, 
and by this my present charter have confirmed, to God and to the church of 
Blessed INIai-y of Quararia, and to the monks there serving God, eleven shillings 
of quit rent, which Fulco de Wymcri ng has been accustomed to pay to me 
annually for a tenement which he held of me in Ilclcseyc, and whatever right I 
had or could have in the said rent and tenement, with all things pertaining to 
the said rent and tenement, -without any retention. To be had and to be received 
annually by the aforesaid monks and their assig-ns in free, pure, and perpetual 
alms, for the said tenement, from the said Fulco and his heirs, or from him 
whoever shall hold it, at two terms of the year, namely, at Easter live shillings 


and six pence, and at the feast of Saint Michael five shillings and six pence, 
■without any abatement. And I, William, and my heirs are bound to 
warrant, defend, and acquit from all exactions this rent aforesaid, with the said 
tenement and all its appurtenances, to the now said monks and their assigns, as 
my free, pure, and perpetual alms, against all mortals. Besides, I, William^ 
have granted and coniinned to the often mentioned monks, the donation which 
Thomas Brico and Alice my mother's sister gave to the same, namely, eleven 
shilUngs of annual rent, which the said Thomas Brico was wont to receive 
anniially from Fulco de "VVymcring, for a tenement which the same Fulco held 
in Helcseye from the befcrenamed Thomas and Alice his wife. But that this 
my gift, grant, and confirmation may stand firm for ever, I have strengthened 
the present charter with the impression of my seal. Witnesses: Benjamin 
Chaplain, then Prior of the "■ Bomus Dei" of Fortesmuwe, Thomas de Aula, 
Roger his son, Adam de Comptone, Robert de ColeviUa, Peter de Cosham, 
WiUiam de Thantone, then Governor of Fortesmuwe, Stephen Camifex, 
William Ragy, and many others." 


Augment. Office, Cart. Antiq. Vol. 18. No. 266. 

Sciant priBsentes et futuri quod ego, Hugo Raggy de Fortesmuwe, pro 
salute animae meffi et animarum antecessorum et successorum meorum, dedi, con- 
cessi, et hac priBsenti carta mea confirmavi Deo et ecclesise Beatae Marise de 
Quarraria et monachis ibidem Deo servientibus et in perpetuam elemosinam, 
domum quamdam cum ceUario et solario cum omnibus pertinentiis suis in villa 
de Fortesmuwe. Quas domos erexi in teri-a quam emi de Thoma Clerico et 
Alicia uxore ejus,filia Johannis True. Dedi, insuper, et concessi eisdem monachis 
quandam placeam terrse de alio tenemento meo, quaj placea jacet inter pr;edictam 
domum et portam meam, et se extendit in longitudiuem a prsedicta porta 
quantum dicta domus et ceUarium se extendunt, et continet in latitudine 
duodecim pedes usque ad solarium, etindequantum dictum solarium se extendit, 
continet quinque pedes et dimidium, sicut divisaj manifeste ostendunt qtiaj 
posita3 sunt inter me et prsedictos monachos. Hanc domum cum ceUario et 
solario et placea praedicta cum onmibus pertinentiis suis, habebimt et tenebunt 
prasdicti monachi et eorum successores, liber^, quiete, ben^, pacific^ et integi-^, in 
liberam, pm-am et perpetuam elemosinam : ita quod iUi et successores sui 
reddent inde annuatim fratribus Domus Dei de Fortesmuwe et eorum succes- 
soribus duodecim denarios ad festum Sancti Michaelis pro omni servicio et 
cxactione sseculari : et ego, prasdictus Hugo Raggy, et haeredes mei tenemur 
prcedictis monachis prtedictae ecclesia3 de Quarraria et eorum successoribu.s 


prffidictam domuin cum cellario et solario et placoil pnediet^ ot corum portincn- 
tiis contra omncs homines ct feminas in porpctuuin warantizaro. Et ut ha3C 
mca donatio, concessio, ctconfirmatio firma, ratji, et stabilis permaneat inper- 
petuiim, prasscntem cartiim sigilli mei impressiouc roboravi. Hiis testibus 
domino Mathaeo, Prioro de Su^\yk, fratrt Nicholas, Priorr dotnus Dei, Stcphano 
Justiciaro tunc Prteposito, Ricardo Coopertorio, Nicholas Raggy, Willehno 
Tregoth, Ada Sunewyae, Hereberto Clerico tunc serviente, Roberto Clerico, ct 
toto Burgomoto de Portesmuthc. 


Let people present and future know that I, Hugh Raggy, of Portsmuwe, for 
the salvation of my soul and of the souls of my ancestors and successors, have 
given, granted, and by this my present charter have confirmed to God and to tlu; 
church of the Blessed Mary of Quarraria, and to the monks there serving God, and 
for perpetual alms, a certain house with a cellar and solar, \vith all its appurte- 
nances in the town of Portesmuwe. Which houses I have built on land which I 
bought from Thomas Clerk and Alice his wife, daughter of John True. Moreover, 
I have given and granted to the same monks a certain place of land of another 
my tenement, which place lies between the aforesaid house and my gate, and 
extends in length from the aforesaid gate so far as the said house and cellar 
extend, and contains in width 12 feet to the solar, and thence so far as the 
solar extends it contains five feet and a half, as the boundaries plainly show 
•which are put between me and the aforesaid monks. This house with the 
cellar and chamber and the place aforesaid with all their appurtenances, the 
aforesaid monks and their successors shall have and shall hold, freely, quietly, 
well, peaceably, and entirely, in free, pure and perpetual abns, with the con- 
dition, that they and their successors shall render thence annually, to the breth- 
ren of the ' Domus Dei ' of Portesmuwe and to their successors, twelve pence at 
the feast of St. Michael, for all service and secular exaction : and I, the afore- 
said Hugh Raggy, and my heirs are held to warrant, to the aforesaid monks of 
the aforesaid church of Quarraria and to their successors, the aforesaid house 
with the cellar and solar and the place aforesaid, and their appurtenances, 
against all men and women, for ever. And that this my gift, grant, and confir- 
mation, may for over remain firm, valid, and stable, I have strengthoucd the 
present charter with the impression of my seal. "Witnesses : Sir ^Litthow, 
Prior of Suwyk ; hrotlier Nicholas, Prior of Domus Dei; Stophon Justice 
then Governor ; Richard C'ooj)crtor ; Nicholas Raggy ; William Troguth ; 


130 DOM us DEI. 

Adam Simeyne ; Herbert Clerk, then serving, Robert Clerk, and all the court 
of the Borough of I'ortesmuthc. 

No date. 

"Pedes Finium." 62 Hen. iii. No. 21. 
Hsec est finalis concordia facta in Curi4 Domini Regis apud Westmonas" 
terium in Octabis Sancta3 Trinitatis, anno regni Regis Henrici, filii Regis 
Johannis, quinquagesirao secundo, coram Martino de Litlebire, IMagistro Rogcro 
de Seyton et Johanne de Cobbeham, Justiciartis, et aliis Domini Regis fide- 
libus tunc ibi prsesentibus, inter Robertum Walerand querentem per Jordanxmi 
de Wyvill, ]jositum loco suo ad lucrandum vel perdendum, et Itobertum, Magis- 
trum Hospitalis de Fortesnmwe impedientem, de uno mesuagio et duabu* 
carucatis terrsB cum pertiaentiis in Parva Kyngstone et MagnS, Kyngstone : 
unde placitum Warantias Cartas summonitum f uit inter eos in eadem Curia ; 
scilicet quod prajdictus Magister recognovit prajdiota tenemcnta cum pertmen- 
tiis esse jus ipsius Roberti ut ilia quae idem Robertus habet de dono ipsius 
Magistri et fratrum prfedicti Hospitalis : Habenda et tenenda eidcm Roberto et 
hseredibus suis de prsedicto Magistro et successoribus sviis et fratribus prajdicti 
Hospitalis inperpetuum : faciendo inde Capitalibus Dominis f eodorum illorum 
pro prsedicto Magistro et successoribus suis et fratribus praedicti Hospitalis 
omnia servicia quse ad ilia tenementa pertinent. Et prsedictus Magister, et 
suceessores sui, et fratres proedicti Hospitalis warantizabunt eidem Roberto, et 
hgeredibus suis, prEedicta tenementa cum pertinentiis per pra»dicta servicia 
contra omnes homines inperpetuTmi. Et pro hac recognicione, w^arantia, fine 
et Concordia, idem Robertus concessit prasdicto Magistro et fratribus prajdicti 
Hospitalis, in escambium proedictorum tenementorum, medietatem manerii de 
Lasseham cum pertinentiis, cum advocatione ecclesiae de Lasseham : habendam 
et tenendam eidem Magistro et successoribus suis et fratribus ejusdem Hospi- 
talis de prsedicto Roberto et haeredibus suis inperpetuum : faciendo inde capi- 
talibus Domiriis feodorum iUorum pro prsedicto Roberto et hasredibus suis 
onmia servicia quae ad ilia tenementa pertinent. Et praedictus Robertus et 
hseredes sui warantizabunt eidem Magistro et successoribus suis et fratribus 
Hospitalis prajdictam medietatem ejusdem manerii, et advocationem prjedictae 
EcclesisB cum pertiaentiis, per pnedicta servicia contra omnes homines inperpe- 


This is the Final Concord made iu the Court of oiu- Lord the King at 


"Westniinstor in the Octave of the Holy Trinity, in the 52nd year of the reign 
of King Henry, the son of King John, before Martin Litlcbire, Master Roger 
de Scyton and John do Cobbeham, Justices, and other faithful subjects of our 
Lord the King then and there present : between Robert Walerand', plaintitF, 
by Jordan do Wy vill appointed in his place to gain or to lose, and Robert, 
Master of the Hospital of Portsmouth, defendant ; concerning a messuage and 
two canicates* of land with the appurtenances in Little Kyngston and Great 
Kyngston : whereupon a plea of Warantia Cartccf was taken out between them 
in the same court : namely that the aforesaid Master acknowledged the aforesaid 
tenements with their appurtenances to be the right of the same Robert, as those 
which the same Robert has as a gift from the same Master and the brethren 
of the aforesaid Hospital : To be had and to be held by the said Robert and his 
heirs from the aforesaid Master and his successors and from the brethren of the 
aforesaid Hospital for ever : by making thence to the capital lords of those 
fiefs, for the aforesaid Master and his successors and the brethren of the 
aforesaid Hospital, all the services which pertain to those tenements. And 
the aforesaid Master and his successors and the brethren of the aforesaid Hos- 
pital win warrant to the same Robert and his heirs the aforesaid tenements 
with the apiDurtenances, through the aforesaid services, against all men, for 
ever. And for this recognition, warrant, fine, and concord, the same Robert 
granted, to the aforesaid Master and brethren of the aforesaid Hospital in ex- 
change of the aforesaid tenements, the moiety of the manor of Lasseham with 
the appurtenances, together with the advowson of the church of Lasseham : to 
be had and held by the same Master and his successors, and by the brethren of the 
same Hospital from the aforesaid Robert and his heirs, for ever : by making thence 
to the capital lords of those fiefs for the aforesaid Robert and his heirs all the 
services which pertaia to those tenements. And the aforesaid Robert and his 
heirs will warrant to the same Master and his successors, and to the brethren of 
the Hospital, the aforesaid moiety of the same manor, and the advowson of the 
aforesaid church with the appurtenances, through the aforesaid services, 
against all men, for ever. 

Sutht. Dors. 

* Carucate — about 100 acres. 

t Warantia Carta}. A writ for compelling the defendant to warrant lands, 




HEOUGHOUT the story of the "Domns Dei" it has 
been my endeavour to support every statement by 
a trustworthy authority, and I believe that, generally speak- 
ing, my efforts have been attended with success. Many of 
the papers consulted and used need not be given at length, 
as they possess no further special value, but the following 
are so important or so interesting, that I deem it a privilege 
to place them before the public. 

NO. I. 

Peter de RupibuB, 1204—1238. 

In Cox's " Magna Britannia " are these few words about Peter de Rupibus : — 

" Peter de Rupibus or La Roche, Knight. He was consecrated at Rome 
by the mediation of many presents. He was a man of great prudence and 
advised King John to despise the Pope's excommunication. He was made 
Lord Chief Justice in 1214, and after King John's death, Protector of the 
Kingdom during the minority of King Henry in. He went into the Holy 
Land in 1226, and, returning in 1231, died in Farnham in 1238, after ha\-ing 
been Bishop thirty-four years." 

This great Bishop not only founded the Hospital of St. Nicholas, but took 
the greatest possible interest in its well doing. Among the many gifts 
presented to it I find the following : — a payment is made in 1225, by the 
order of Bishop Peter de Rupibus, by the Provost or Bailiff of the Bishop's 

DOMUS DEI. }iy.\ 

Manor of Farchani " in libcrata fratribns dc Portosnuie, pro vondicion« 
domoruni Nicholai do Kivil daturum frafribus do ordinc predioatorum per 
dominuni Episcopuni. C solid." The good Bishop kept his ship at Portsmouth, 
and various expenses relating to it are, from time to time, mentioned in the 
records of his day. 

NO. II. 

Tlie followin<^ is the oldest document known relatin<? 
to the ".Domus Dei," and fixes very nearly the date of the 

foundation of the Hospital. 

Confirmation by King John of grants made to the Hospital at Portsmouth 

built in honour of the Holy Trinity and of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and of 

the Holy Cross and of the Blessed Michael and all the Saints of God. 

Rotuli Chartarum 16 John M. 6 (A.D. 1214-1.5). 

Johannes Dei gratia. Rex Anglite, etc. Sciatis, nos, intuitu Dei et pro .salute anima* 
nostriB et antecessorum et successorum nostrorum ct omnium Christi fidelium, 
confirmamus hospitali Eedificato apud Portesmuthe in honore Sancta) Trinitatls et 
Beatae Marise Virginis et Sanct?e Crucis et Beatae Michaelis et omnium Sanc- 
torum Dei, et fratribus ibidem Deo ser\'ientibus, ad sustentationem paupenmi 
Christi, omnia mesuagia qufe Willelmus, Archidiaconus Tamptone, praidicto 
hopitaU dedit, ct carta sua assignavit, in puram, liberam, et pcrpctuam elemosi- 
nam, scilicet duo mesuagia quae fucrunt Petri capollani in Portesmuthe, in vico 
Sanctse Marias, qua3 jacent contigua ex parte australi ejusdem vici a mari versus 
orientem, et mesuagiimi quod fuit Thomee do Insula in eodem vico, et mesua- 
gium quod fuit Ricardi de Vaus in eodem vico, et mesuagium quod fuit Eyl- 
brichti di Kingestone in eodem vico, et mesuagiiun quod fuit Godef ridi mercatoris 
in vico Ingles, et mesuagiiun quod fuit Henrici de Cycestria in eodem vico, et 
mesuagium quod fuit Sefughel de Manewode in eodem vico, et mesuagium quod 
fuit Stephani de Insula in eodem vico, qua? durant ab au.strali angulo eju.sdem 
vici usque ad mare versus occidentom, ot quandaiu terrain in Portesmuthe quae* 
vocatur "Westwode, quam idem hospitale habet de dono burgensium de 
Portesmuthe, sicut carta eorum rationabiliter testatiu-, et quindecim solidatas 
redditus percipiendas a Ricardo Britone et haeredibus suis, quas idem hospi- 
tale habet de dono Simonis Foristarji, sicut carta ejusdem Siiuonis testatur. 
Quare volumas et rmiter peaecipimus, quod prrediitum hospitale et fratrcs 


ibidem Deo servientes habeant et teneant praedicta mesuagia et terram et 
redditmn priedictuin, cum omnibus pertinentis suis, bene et in pace, libera et 
quiete et integr^, cum omnibus libortatibus et liberis consuetudinibus ad supra- 
dicta pertinentibus, sicnt pnedicta est et sicut cartas praedictorum donatonim 
rationabiliter testantur, salvo jure nostro in omnibus, ita scilicet quod nichil 
quod ad nos vel donationem nostram pertineat sub donationibus supradictorum 
comprebendatur. Testibus : domino P. "Wintoniensi Episcopo ; \V. Comite 
Arundellise ; S. Sair de Quincy, Comite WintoniEe ; Willelmo Bniwer ; R. filio 
Walteri; Gaufrido de Mandevill; Willelmo de Albini. Data per manum 
niagistri Ricardi de Marisco, Cancellarii nostri, apud Havering, secundo die 
Novembris, anno regni nostri sextodecimo. 


John, by tbe grace of God, King of England, etc. Know ye, that we, in holy 
recognition of God, and for the salvation of our souls, and the souls of our 
ancestors and successors, and of all Christ's faithful people, confirm to the 
hospital biult at Portesmuthe, in honour of the Holy Trinity, and of the Blessed 
Virgin. Mary, and of the Holy Cross, and of the blessed Michael and all the 
Saints of God, and to the brethren there serving God, for the maintainance of 
Christ's poor, all the messuages which William, Archdeacon of Taunton, 
gave to the aforesaid hospital, and assigned by his charter, in pure, free, and 
perpetual alms : namely, two messuages which belonged to Peter the chaplain in 
Portesmuthe, in Saint Mary's street, which lie contiguous on the south side of 
the same street, from the sea towards the east ; and a messuage which belonged 
to Thomas de Insula in the same street ; and a messuage which belonged to 
Richard de Vaus in the same street ; and a messuage which belonged to 
Eylbricht de Kingestone of the same street ; and a messuage which belonged to 
Godfrey the merchant in Ingeles street ; and a messuage which belonged to Richard 
Wain in the same street; and a messauge which belonged to Henry of Chichester 
in the same street ; and a messuage which belonged to Sefughel de Maneswode in 
the same street ; and a messuage which belonged to Stephen de Insula in the 
same street ; which altogether extend from the south angle of the same street 
as far as the sea towards the west, and certain land in Portesmuthe which is 
caUed Westwode, which the same hospital has from the gift of the burgesses 
of Portesmuthe, as their charter testifies ; and fifteen shillings of rent to be 
received from Richard Britone and his heirs, which the same hospital has by 
the gift of Simon Forister, as the same Simon's charter testifies. Wherefore 
we will and firmly command that the said Hospital and the brethren there 


serving God may have and hold the aforesaid messuages, and land, and flu! 
aforesaid rent, with all their appurtenances, well and in peace, freely and 
quietly and totally, with all liberties and free customs pertaining to the above 
said, as is aforesaid, and as the charters of the aforesaid donors reasonably 
testify, saving our right in all matters, so namely that nothing may be compre- 
hended under the donations of the abovesaid, which may pertain to us, or our 
donation. Witnesses : P. Bishop of Winchester, W. Earl of Arundel, S. Earl 
of Winchester, Saicr de Quincy, William Bruwer, R. Fitz Walter, Geoffrey 
du MandeviU, William do Albini. Given by the hand of Master Richard de 
Marisco, our Chancellor at Havering, the second day of November, in the 
sixteenth year of our reign. 


Patent Roll, 20. Henry in., 1235. 

At the period when the " Domus Dei " was founded, 
cutaneous diseases were very common, and very severe on 
account of the uncleanly habits of the people. The absence 
of vegetable food, and the custom of consuming salt meat 
throughout the winter tended greatly to aggravate this 
trouble. Bishop de Swinfield at Martinmas 1290, salted 
fifty-two beeves besides sheep and swine. These Houses 
of God must therefore have been sources of immense com- 
fort to tliousands of sufferers, and especially so to the 
pilgrims and strangers who landed in England afflicted 
with leprosy. The following grant tells of relief supplied 
to a poor leprous priest : — 

" The King to whom all these present letters shall come. Know j'o that 
we have granted to the Master and Brethren of the Hospital of St. Nicholas of 
Portesmuthe, that the house with appurtenances, which belonged to William do 
la Wike in Portesmue, which we granted to Philip, the leper clerk (Philippo 
Clerico Leproso) for his support during his life, they shall freelj', and without 
hindrance, receive it from the same Philip, to have and to hold to the said 
Hospital for ever, provided that the aforesaid Master and Brethren shall minister 
necessaries to the same Philip from their house during his entire life, or find 
him the same out of their goods and profits. 

Tested by the King at Reading, the 9th Januarj-, 123o." 


NO. IV. 

Fell Records. Writs for Payments, 19, Edward i. (1291.) 

Edward &c. — Pay &c. to oui- beloved aud faithful *John le Botiler, 30s., 
for the 18th and 19th years (1289-90) of our reign, to wit, 15s. for each year, 
which we granted him yearly to be received, &c., in recompense for three 
quarters of wheat which were valued yearly at 15s., and which the Master and 
brethren of God's house of Portsmouth received each year from the manor of 
Wymering, which, together with the com aforesaid, was valued at £40 yearly, 
and which we granted to the same John, according to that extent, in part satis- 
faction of sixty Ubratesf of land which we granted to be assigned to him for 
the manor of Ryngwode, which he surrendered and quit-claimed to us, &c. 
Witness ourself, at Westminster, the 1st December, anno 20th. (1291). 

Confirmacio Cantarifs de Portesmuthe pro animabus Johannte Plokenet et 
Robert! di Harewedone. 

Registro Episcopali Domini Johannis de Stratford Wyntoniensis 
Episcopi Fol. 14. 

Universis Sanctis matris eclesie filiis presentes litteras inspecturis. Jo- 
hannes, permissione divin§,, Wyntoniensis Episcopus, — salutem in domino 
sempitemam. Noveritis, nos, litteras infrascriptas, non cancellatas, non rasas, 
nee suspectas, vidisse & inspexisse, sub continencia infrascripta. Omnibus 
sancte matris eclesie filiis presentes litteras visuris vel audituris, Williehnus de 
Harewedone, Gustos domus sancti Nicholai de Portesmuthia, ac ejusdem loci 
Confratres, — salutem in domino. Quoniam largicione pi&. domine Johanne, 
sororis et heredis domini Alani Plokenet defuncti, domine de Kylpeke, quon- 
dam uxoris domini Henri de Bohun, temporibus modemis ab eadem recepimus, 
multa bona. Considerantes eciam quod dicta domina Johanna nobis dicto 
WUlielmo de Harwedone, Custodi domus predicte, Fratribus & Sororibus 
ejusdem domus, totiun jus suum & clamium quod habuit vel aliquo modo 

*Tliis John le Botiler was the son and heir of John le Botiler, ICat. He died in 
1309, and was buried in Wymering Church. There was a dispute between the Vicar of 
"Wjonering, and the Prior aud Convent of Southwykc, aa to his horse and armour, 
claimed as a mortuary. 

+A lihrate of land (librata terrae; was land worth £1 a year, the number of acres de- 
pending on the quality of the land. 


habere potuit in niancn-io de Berughtona in comitutu Suthaniptonic, pro se 
suisque liercdibus, relaxabit, et inperpotuuni quictuiii clamavit. Nos, volcntes 
eidem jnxta possibilitatem nostras vices rcpcndere rcpensivas, concedimus 
eidem pro nobis et succossoribus nostris inperpetuuni, quod nos & successores 
nostri unum Capellanum ydoneum nobis & Custodi de Portesmuthe qui pro 
tempore fuerit, per dictam dominam Jobannam & heredes suos prescntandum, 
admittemus in societatem nostram, ac sustentabimus & tractabimus,sicut unum 
de Cappellanis domus nostre, dabimusque eidem Cappallano in oumibus singulis 
annis, sicut uni de cappellanis domus nostre predicte. Qui quidciu cappellanus 
divinis officiis in domo nostra sicut alii nostri cappcllani debcbit interesse, et 
singulis diebus divina officia pro animabus dicte Douiinc Johannc, Domini 
Roberti de Harwedone, quondam Custodis domus predicte, ac etiam pro ani- 
mabus domini Willielmi de Harwedone predicti, nunc Cnstodis ejusdem, omni- 
umque parentum, amicorum predictorum defunctorum inperpetuuni celebrabit. 
Et dictus Capellanus, nobis & Custodi qui pro tempore fuerit, in canonicis 
mandatis & licitis obediet reverenter. Eodem vero Cappellano ccdento vol 
decedente vel alia ex causa legittima, amoto, loco ipsius dicta domina Johanna 
& heredes sui nobis & custodi, qui pro tempore fuerit, alium ut promittitur 
ydoneum presentabunt. Et dictus Gustos & successores sui ad ipsorum presen- 
tationem dictum cappellanvmi unum post alium successive inperpetumn substi- 
tuent & admittent. In cujus rei testimonium Sigillum dicti Custodis fecimus 
hiis apponi. Data apud Portesmuthe viccssimo die mensis Januarii, anno 
Domini Millesimo, CCCmo XXVto. Et anno regiii Regis Edwardi decimo 

Nos vero, Johannes, permissiono divina Wyntoniensis Episcopus, onmia & 
singula in dictis littcris contenta, prout superius exprimuntur quatenus ad nos 
attinet, rata, grata habentes pariter & accepta, ipsa auctoritate nostra pontificali 
confirmamus. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum nostrum presentibus duximus 
apponendum. Data apud Waltham VIII. kalendis Fcbruarii, anno Domini 
Millesuno CCCmo, XXVto. et consecracionis nostre Tercio. 


Confirmation of the Chantry of Portsmouth for the souls of Johanna Plokenet 
and Robert de Harewedone. 

To all the sons of Holy Mother Church who shall inspect the present let- 
ters, John, by divine permission. Bishop of Winchester, — eternal salvation in 
the Lord. Know ye, that we have seen and inspected the unde^-^vritten deed> 
not cancelled, not erased, nor suspected, in the terms following : — To all the 


sons of Holy Mother Church who shall see or hear the present deed, William 
de Harewedone, "Warden of the house of St. Nicholas of Portesmuthia, and the 
brethren of the same place, — greeting in the Lord. Whereas by the pious 
liberality of the Lady Johanna, sister and heir of Sir Alan Plokenet, deceased, 
Lady of Kylpeke, formerly ^vife of Sir Henry de Bohun, we have received 
from the same, in recent times many gifts : considering also that the said Lady 
Johanna, for herself and her heirs, has released and for ever quit-claimed, to 
us the said William de Harwcdene,Warden of the said house, and to the brothers 
and sisters of the same house, all her right and claim, which she had, or in any 
manner could have, in the manor of Broughton, in the coimty of Southampton : 
We, being desirous, according to our ability, to make a just and suitable return to 
the same, concede to the same, for us and our successors for ever, that we and our 
successors, will admit into our society a Chaplain suitable to us and to the 
Warden of the Hospital of St. Nicholas of Portsmouth for the time being, and 
will sustain and treat him as one of the chaplains of our house, and will give 
to such chaplain yearly as to any one of the chaplains of our house aforesaid. 
And the said chaplain for his part, as our other chaplains, shall be obliged to 
be present at the divine offices in our house, and shall for ever celebrate daily 
the divine offices for the souls of the said Lady Johanna, of Sir Robert de 
Harewedone (formerly Warden of the aforesaid house) and for the souls of Sir 
William de Harewedone aforesaid, now Warden of the same, and of all parents 
and friends of the aforesaid deceased. And the said chaplain shall reverently 
obey us and the warden who may be for the time, in all canonical and lawful 
commands. And on the same chaplain withdrawing, or dying, or from any 
other ligitimate cause being removed, the said Lady Johanna and her heirs shall 
present to us, and to the Warden who may be for the time, another fitting one in 
his place, as is before set forth : and the said Warden and his successors for 
ever at their presentation ^vill substitute and admit the said chaplain, one after 
the other successively. In testimony of which matter we have caused the seal 
of the said Warden to be affixed to these letters. Dated at Portesmuthe, 20th 
day of January, a.d., 1325, and the 19th year of the reign of King Edward, the 
son of King Edward. 

Now we,* John, by divine permission, Bishop of Winchester, by our ponti- 
fical authority confirm all and singular contained in the said letters, as they are 
above expressed, so far as to us appertaineth, accounting them alike valid, 

• John Stratford obtained the See in 1322, and presided over it ten years ; four of 
them he was Chancellor of England. In 1332 he was removed to Canterbury. 

DOisrus DEI. 139 

ag^reeable, and acceptable. In testimony of which matter wo have considered 
that our seal should bo affixed to these presents. Dated at Waltham, 8 Kalends 
Febr., (25th of January) a.d., 1325, and the 3d of oui- Translation. 


At a critical period of the reign of Henry IV. we find 
that a distinguished Bishop of Chichester, Adam JNToleyns 
was cruelly murdered, and that the murder took place close 
to the " Domus Dei " of Portsmouth. The questions at 
once arise, who was Adam Moleyns and what was the cause 
of his murder. That he was a man of good family is certain. 
Gedler in his ' Universal Lexicon ' mentions him as one of 
the Molineux family, but, strangely enough, by a clerical 
error he entitles him Adam, Bishop of Chester instead of 
Chichester. In a list of the Bishops of Chichester, in the 
same work, Adam jMoleyns is found in his proper place. 
Dean Hook, whom to know is to love and revere, gives in 
a note of Vol. V. Page 160, " Lives of the Archbishops of 
Canterbury," nearly all that is Ivnown of this ill-fated 
man : — 

" ADAM MOLEYNS OR MOLINEUX. The time and place 
of his birth are unknown, we only know that he was a 
Doctor in the Civil Law ; that he was Archdeacon of 
Taunton in 1440 ; held a Stall at York in 1441 ; that in 
the March of that year he became Dean of St. Burians, and 
in the October Dean of Salisbury. Having been formerly 
clerk or secretary to the Privy Council,* he was in 1444 
made Keeper of the Privy Seal. He was consecrated to 
the See of Chichester at Lambeth, on the 6th of January, 
1446, and held the living of Harietsham in Kent in Gom- 
mendam. He was a benefactor to the See, bestowing on 

* Adamus Molins, legnm Doctor, Sarisburicnsis Decanus, necnon et S. 
Birini in CornubiS., et Regiorum Consiliariorum quandoque Amanuensis, conse- 
cratus est mense Novembri 1445, et privati Sigilli Gustos mox constitutus. 
Occisus est Portesmuthae a nautis quibusdam, ad id sceleris perpetranduni per 
Richardum Ducem Eboracensem summissis ac subornatis, JuuU ncmn 1449. 
Dedit ille ad ornatum summi altaris in Ecelesia sui vela qu;edam ex huloscrico 
pretiosissima, coloris (juem vulgo diciinus Crimosiu, qui antiquitus (ut credo) 
purpureus fuit. (Godwin de Prjesulibus Ang-lia;. Heu. VI, 24) 


the Cathedral some rich vestments, and procuring for the 
lands of the Bishop an exemption from the jurisdiction of 
the Court of Admiralty. He acted as an assessor of the 
Archbishop of Canterbury to try Elinor Cobham, Duchess 
of Gloucester, for witchcraft. In 1443 he accompanied 
the Earl of Suffolk into France, to treat of the marriage of 
Henry VI. with Margaret of Anjuu. He naturally shared 
in the unpopularity of the Suffolk party,* increased by this 
royal marriage. He was one of the Commissioners at 
Tours to negotiate a truce with France, which was pro- 
longed to the year 1-449. He was disgusted with the state 
of public affairs and determined to quit the country and live 
abroad. He resigned his See, it is generally supposed, for 
this purpose. He certainly received a pension of 500 marks. 
When preparing for his voyage at Portsmouth, he was basely 
murdered in a boat by some seamen.f It was reported that 
this murder was committed at the instigation of Richard, 
Duke of York. This was probably a mere scandal but it 
follows, that, if such were the case, Moleyns was leaving 
England, not, as it was said, that he might retire from pub- 
lic life, but to effect some political intrigue. The Duke of 
York was not a man likely to doom anyone unnecessarily 
to death, though in the party violence of the day, little 
regard was paid to the sacredness of human life." 

The good Dean, with his wonted charity, is gentle to 
all, but, while with him we admii^e the Bishop's brilliant 
talents and his steady devotion to a miserably weak Sove- 
reign, we cannot but believe that from first to last he was 

* 'Adamus Molendinus, nobilis parentum stemmate, ingenio nobilior, 
virtutum vero calculo nobilissimus, bonus, ut fama prasdieat, literas incredibili 
qiiodam candoi-e fovebat. Quare oj)erfe pretiuiu erit, Hcrmanni Schedelii, 
historiographi, de eo judicium subjicere : — " Inter quos et amicus noster Adam 
de Molineux, secreti regis signaculi et custos et literarum cultor, amisso capite, 
truncatus jacuit." Hjec ille. Causa ejus mortis civile bellum, Mac JEre«r«'c<«««s 
liinc Eadveardinis de imperio contendentibus.' (Leland Comm. de Script. Brit, 
page 454). 

" Nobiles viri quamplures necati, nee sacerdotio prseditis parsus est 
(Dux Eboracensis) . Inter quos et amicus noster Adam Molynes, secreti regis 
signaculi custos et literarum cultor, amisso capite truncatus jacuit." (Schedel 
Liber Cronicarum, Nurenberg, 1493, fo. 288.) 

f It is evident from the 'Process' that Moleyns was not murdered in a boat. 

DOMUS DEI. 14 1 

a zealous, and at times, au unscrupulou.s politician ; and .so 
during " the convulsive and bleeding agony of the feudal 
power," made for himself a very dangerous position. As 
Bishop of Chichester, he was the King's Confessor ; as 
Keeper of the Privy Seal, he was a prominent state ser- 
vant ; and circumstances had in many other ways rendered 
him an object of hatred to the York party. But his chief 
crime was, that with the " crafty avaricious and despotic 
Suffolk," he had headed the Queen's party. The alliance 
ended, we know, in the murder of both. Suffolk, when the 
cry was loud and against those who had given up France, 
basely accused the prelate of advising tlie surrender of the 
French province. The cowardly sacrifice, of one who had 
been a faithful ally, saved the ambitious noble only for a 
little moment. JMpleyns was murdered on the 0th of 
January, 1-1-49, and in the IMay folb^wing Suffolk, on the 
high seas, was seized as a traitor, beheaded with a rusty 
sword, and his body cast contemptuously on the sands of 

But, in the story of the " Domus Dei," the murder of 
Bishop Moleyns is chiefly interesting as connected with the 
'Process,' held more than 50 years after, for the absolution of 
the inhabitants of Portsmouth from the sentence of excom- 
munication. Other Bi.shops have been murdered in England, 
but no old document remains setting forth proceedings 
similar to those noted in the Eegister preserved in Win- 
chester Cathedral. Walter de Stapledon, Bishop of Exeter, 
was unhorsed at the north gate of St. Paul's, taken to Cheap- 
side, and there stript and beheaded on the 15th of October, 
1326. Archbishop Sudbury was murdered by the insur- 
gent populace on the 14th of June, 1881. And William 
Ayscough, Bishop of Salisbury, was dragged out of the 
Church of Ediugton, in Wilts, and murdered, on the 29th 
of June, 1450. But no Process remains to tell how the 
Church dealt with those who perpetrated these dark crimes. 

The following paper is therefore, I believe, unique of 


its kind, and I publish it with confidence, because I feel 
sure it will be read by many with great pleasure. 

NO. VI. 

Processus habitus apud Portysmouthe. 

E. Registro Domini Domini Ricardi Fox, Wintoniensia Episcopi, 

Tom. 2. Fol. 88—90. 

mCARDUS, permissione divina, Wintoniensis Episcopus, dilectis nobis in 
Christo, Abbati Monasterii de Tychefeld, ordinis premonstratensis, et Priori 
prioratus de Sutbwyk ordinis Sancti Augustini, nostre "Wintoniensis diocesis, ac 
Mao-istro Johanni Dowman, legTim doctori, nostro in spiritualibua vicario gene- 
rali, — salutem, graciam et benedictionem. CUM bone memorie dominus Adam 
Molens, legum doctor, Cicestrensis Episcopus, per inhabitantes de Portysmouthe 
mortem subierit temporalem, cujus pretextu ipsi inhabitantes et tota eorum 
sequela majoris excommimicationis sentenciam et Dei onmipotentis indigna- 
tionem incurrebant, et terra eorum multas passa est ruinas et jacturas ; inhabi- 
tantes ejusdem viUe moderni, volentes ah hujusmodi vinculo liberari ct 
penitenciam condignam et legitimam in hS-C parte subire, et de Dei onmipotentis 
mesericordia plenius coniisi, nobis, quatinue de remedio eis in hac parte providers 
oportuno dignaremur, instanter et humiliter supplicarunt. 

Nos i"-itur, Ricardus, Episcopus antedictus, saluti animarum eorundem 
inhabitancium providere cupientes, cum ecclesia nemini redeunti claudit gre- 
mium : ad inquirendum juxta juris exigenciam de hujusmodi dehcto, et 
inhabitantes predictos a sentencia hujusmodi absolvendum et penitenciam 
salutarem et condignam eis imponendam et injimgendam; ceteraque omnia 
alia et singula facienda, exercenda, et expedienda, que in premissis et 
circa ea necessaria fuerint sen quomodolibet oportuna, vobis conjunctim et 
divisim vices nostras tenore presencium committimus, et plenam ia Domuio 
concedimus potestatem ; vosque commissarios nostros ad suprascripta conjunctim 
et divisim ordinamus, constituimus et deputamus per presentes. In cujus rei 
testimonium sigillum nostrum presentibus apponi fecimus. Datimi nostro sub 
sigiUo, primo die mensis Aprilis, Anno Domini, Millesimo Quingentesimo 
Octavo. Et nostre translationis anno Septimo. 

Sexto die, mensis Aprilis hac septima ante meridiem ejusdem diei , anno 
domiui millessimo quingentesimo octavo, indictione undecima, pontificatus 
sanctissimi in Christo patris et domini nostri domini Julii, divina providencia eo 
nomine pape Secundi anno Quitito, parrochiani ville de Portysmouthe, Winto- 
niensis diocesis, utriusque sexus, in multitudine copiosa waa, cum domino Roberto 


Adam, vicario de Portysmouthe prwdicti, euperpolicio induto, ad pulsatioiiom 
campane in ecclesia parrochiali do Portysmoutho antodictA factam, ad candein 
ecclesiam parrochialein venerunt. Et quia Januo ipsius ccclesie, ob causas 
Commissarioa infrascriptas moventcs, clause fuerant, nunciatum fuit cis ut ad 
ecclesiam nuncupatam Domum Dei de Portysmoutho aceederent. Quibus ad et 
in dictam ecclesiam congregatis, vcrbo Dei per Religiosum virum, Fratrcm 
Hugonem, ordinis observanciarum, ville Southamptonie diete diocesis proponito, 
causaque eorum congregationis declarata, venerabiles viri,'_Magistri Johannes 
Dowman, legum doctor, Reverendi in Christo patris et domini domini 
Ricardi permissione divina, "Wiutoniensis Episcopi vicarius in spiritualibus 
generalis, domini Thomas Oke, Abbas Monasterii de Tychcfeld, diote Wiuto- 
niensis diocesis, ordinis premonstratensis, et Thomas Kent Prioratus de Suthc- 
wyk, ejusdem diocesis, ordinis Sancti Augustini Prior, ipsius Reverendi 
patris Commissarii in hac parte sufficienter et k'gitim6 deputati, stolis in- 
duti , commissione dicti Reverendi patris eisdem Commissariis factS, eis presents 
et public^ perlecta, onereque Commissionis hujusmodi in eos acceptato et per 
ipsos juxta tenorem ejusdem procedendum fore decreto, cum virgis in eorum 
manibus, dictos vicarium et parrochianos, propter facinoris enormitatem per 
inhabitantes dicte ville in bone meraorie dominum Adam Cicestrensem Episco- 
pum extra dictam ecclesiam nuncupatam domum Dei inhumaniter et manibus 
sacrilegis, nono die mensis Januarii, Anno domini Mellessimo * 

* * per inhabitantes hujusmodi 

abstractum, et in villa, de Portysmoutho predicts, morti crudeli suppositum, com- 
missi et perpetrati ad prefatam ecclesiam nuncupatam domum Dei, tanquam 
inhabiles et inidoneos ad essendum in ecclesiS, Dei, fugerunt et excluserunt. 
Qui, sic exclusi, ad locum delicti in qui idem Dominus Adam, Cicestrensis Epis- 
copus, mortem subiit, f estinanter iverunt. Quibus ad locum delicti existentibus 
prelibatus Prater Hugo consuluit ut ipsi, considerato delicto, pedibus nudis et 
tibiis, qui pati potuerint, ad valvas occidentales ecclesie parrochialis de Portys- 
moutho transirent so, ibidem more penitentum in precibus prostraturi, ac peni- 
tentiam et absolutionem eis impendi et ingressum ecclesie eis indulgeri petituri. 
Et incontinente ipsi domini Commissarii una cum Fratribus Roberto Goffo do 
Suthwyke predicta, Supprioro, Thoma Elton ejusdem loci canonico, Thoma 
Blankpayne de Tychcfeld priore, Thoma Godewyn, Willielmo Lambe, Thoma 
Godfrey ejusdem loci canonicis, in ordine sacerdotali constitutis ; dominis WUli- 
elmo Osmunderlawe de Wydley rectore, Stephano Soyward do Portesey, 
Edwardo Yong de Portchestur, vicariis ; Johanne Creke dicte ecclesie nimcu- 
pate domus Dei ct Thoma Belle de Alverstoke capollauis ; Thoma Mershe de 
Suth-svyk et Thoma Monmouthe do Tychcfelde noviciis, et ceteris prcdictis, ad 

144' DOM us DEI. 

ecclesiam parrocliialem predictam iverunt. Et postquam dictam ecclesiam intra- 
verant prelibatus dominus Robertas Adam, de Portysmouthe vicarius, et parro- 
rhiani hujusmodi, pedibus et tibiis pro majori parte eorundem parrocliianomm 
nudis, precibus insistentibus una cum dicto Fratre Hugone ad dictas valvas 
(iccidentales accessermit et se bumiliter ibidem prostraverunt. Et, ostiis ipsius 
ecclesie de mandate ipsorum Comraissariorum ut prefertur undique clausis, 
dictis vicario et parrochianis extra ostium occidfntale dicte ecclesie par- 
rocliialis, in cimiterio ejusdem, more penitentum prostratis, prelibatus Frater 
Hugo et dictus vicarius, nomine suo et singulonim suorum parrocbianorum, ad 
dictiun ostium occidentale pulsarunt, et sibi ac parrochianis hujusmodi dictum 
ostium aperiri et ingressum sive aditum ecclesie ac penitenciam et absolutionem 
lamentabLLiter pecierunt. Quibus, pulsatione et petitione sic factis, iidem domini 
commissarii intus rogavenmt quigoam ibidem esset. Qui quidem Frater Hugo 
et vicarius, nomine suo et parrochianomm suorum singulorum, responderunt, 
peceatores adesse et veniam a Deo pro injectione manuum violentarum in domi- 
nmn Adam Cicestrensem Episcopum per inhabitantes ipsius ville de Portys- 
moutbe, dictonono die mensis Januarii, facta, petere et penitenciam subire 
paratos. Qui quidem commissarii eisdem Fratri Hugoni ac vicario et parro- 
cbianis responderunt, quod dubitarunt an potuerunt juxta petitionem factam 
concedere, eo quod sanguis ipsius episcopi mortui vindictam contra taliter 
delinquentes clamitavit ante dominum testantibus quatnor elementis, Aiere vide- 
licet. Aqua, Igne et Terra. — Prime Aiere, eo quod pestilenciis etaliis infirmitatibua 
plures inhabitancium ibidem pro majori parte fuerunt mortui, et teiTa eorum 
non fuit fertilis sed reddita sterilis. Secmido, Aqua, eo quod mercatores, ob 
dictum facinus et propter infamiam inhabitanci'jni hujusmodi, cum eorum 
navibus ad portum ibidem applicare noluerunt, et ex eo quod terre eorum in 
diversis partibus aquis absorpte et devastate fuerunt, et inhabitantes ibidem 
quam plurima alia damna et incommoda per aquam sustinuerunt. Tercio, 
Igne, eo quod edificia iUius ville et aliarum convicinarum pluries fuerunt igne 
consumpta. Quarta, Terr^, eo quod eorum terre non produxerunt fructus ut 
prius fecerunt et ex co quod gramen, in loco ubi dictus Episcopus passus fuit 
cum terra ex utraque parte, marescit et non virescit, ct sic habitationes eorum 
deserte fuerimt, adeo quod vix aliquos, qui cas inhabitare voluenmt, invenire 
potuerunt, et sic eonun ediiicia ruine dcdita fuerunt, et inhabitantes ibidem per- 
petua notati infamia. Et ob illas et plui'es alias causas non fuerunt, nee esse 
potuerunt habiles, nee poterant addmitti ad intrandum ecclesiam. Qui, adhuc 
prostrati, humiliter ct lamentabiliter pecierunt ingressum ecclesie afihnando qiiod 
ob causas et rationes per dictum fratrem Hugonem exponitas, penitentibus et 


pcnitenciam ngcro et ad ecclosiam rediro volentibns ccclosia non daudit grpmium, 
et assucrunt so vellc pomgere ponitcnciam quamcunquc eis injungondam. Qui- 
bus responsionibus sic factis, dicti domini cominissarii dixcrunt, quod volnenmt 
descendere ad locuin delicti, et, si invenerint eos penitentes et paratos opcro ad 
complenduin id quod vorbo asscrucrunt, tunc ipsi cominissarii ofBcixun eonun 
ipsis impartirentur, et sic ipsi, vicarius et parrochiani, ad locum delicti more 
penitentum redicrunt. Quibus prcccdentibus, et ipsis doininis conimissariis cum 
sacerdotibus predictis suporpcUiciis et stolis indutis, aperto eis ostro occidontali 
predicto, paulo post sequontibus, iidcm domini commissarii, cum advonerint 
dictum locum delicti, et eos in prccibus hnmiliter prostnitos et pcnetcnciam ac 
absolutionem lamentabiliter petentes invenerint, ut ipsi parrochiani possent 
majorem graciam habere ad penetenciam recipiendam et commissarii ad injim- 
gendum, et eos absolvendum, voluerunt quod, ibidem prostrati, orationem domi- 
nicam ter quinquies et cimbolum apostolorum trinS. vice dicerent, dummodo 
iidem commissarii cum hujusmodi sacerdotibus, et aliis litteratis quamplurimis 
septem psalmos penitenciales genuflexo ibidem dicerent. Et incontincnte dicti s 
aeptem psalmis per prefatos dominos commissarios inceptis, cum perventum 
fuerit ad psalmum 'Miserere met De/is,' iidom domini commissarii dictos vicarium 
et parrochianos* [%argis disciplinaverunt, ipsis disciplinantibus dicentibus versus 
'Miserere mci Deus secundum magnam mesericordiam tuam,' et ipsis disciplinatis, 
per se vel alios, versus, ' Et secundum multitudinem miserationum tuarum 
dele iniquitatem meant, respondcntibus.] Quibus sic disciplinatis ac dictis septem 
psalmis finitis, domini commissarii predicti injunserunt parrochianis quod in 
eodem loco delicti erigerent crucem. Et quamcito commodt^ potuerint ibidem 
construerent capellam, in qua pro animabus dicti domini Ade Episcopi dcfuncti 
et omnium fidelium defunctorum Christifideles ad altissimum preces fundcro 
possent. Et quod in die parascovos time proximo sequentis, et sic eoruni in 
dicta parochia futuri successores parrochiani, singulis annis in die parasceves 
nudis pedibus et tibiis adirent dictum locum, pro dicti episcopi et omnium fide- 
lium defunctorum animabus ad Deum oraturi et oblationes ibidem juxta vires 
facultatum .suarum facturi. Et quod, infra triennium extunc proximo sequens 
singuli parrochiani hujusmodi, seu saltem certi eonmdem parrochianorum se- 
cundum discretionem inhabitancium, ibidem peregre proficiscerentur ad locum in 

• The Scribe has evidently made several mistakes when copying, as the wordiriR of 
the MS. is quite unintelligible. It is as follows : — " ^^rgis disciplinaverunt ipsis disci- 
plinaverunt ipsis disciplinantcs dicente versus 'Miserere mci Deus seeuiiilum magnnw 
misericordUnn tiinm ' ct ipsis disciplinatis, per se vel alios, versus ' £t seriiinium miilti- 
tudincm miserationum tiinrum rhle iniquitntem mcam ' respondente." The alterations 
made above express, I believe, what was intended by the drawer up of the rri'co'^'*. * 


quo idem Adam Episcopus defunctus tumulatur, ibidem veniam nomine omnium 
inhabitancium et pro ipsis petituii, et pro ipsius Episcopi defuncti et omnium 
fidelium defunctorum animabus oraturi et oblationes facturi. Necnon quod ipsi 
pariocliiani moderni, et eorum in parrochia predicta successores paiTocbiani fu- 
turi, seu saltern de quolibet domicilio eorundem ad minus unus in eodem loco 
delicti, nono die mensis Januarii, quo idem Episcopus s'abiit mortem, cum can- 
delis cereis in eorum manibus ardentibus, pro animabus dicti defuncti et omnium 
fidelium defunctorum singulis annis orationes ad Deum f undercut et annivorsa- 
rium servarent et quod in exequiis et missa 'de Requiem' personaliter interessent. 
Et ulterius, iiuem domini Commissariiinjunxerunt dictis vicario et parrochiauis 
quod redirent ad dictum ostium occidentale ecclesie parrochialis de Portys- 
moutbe, ibidem se humiliter prostraturi, ac disciplinam iterum et penitenciam 
aliam ac absolutionem recepturi. Et incontinente iidem parrochiani more peni- 
tentum, dictis vicario et ceteris presbiteris ac clericis, cum cruce erecta, thuri- 
bulariis et cereforariis eos precedentibus, letaniam decantantibus, Commissariis 
predictis cum virgis in eorum manibus eos sequentibus, ad dictum ostium 
occidentale redierunt. QUOS quidem vicarium et parrochianos sic prostratos, 
iidem Commissarii, precibus et orationibus certis per eos prius dictis, discipli- 
naverunt, et ipsos a sentencia excommunicationis, quam incurrerant, et prinio 
generaliter, et deinde ipsos pro majori parte in specie, absolverunt. Et insuper 
ipsi Commissarii injunxerunt dictis vicario et parrochianis, quatinus ipsi cum 
candelis accensis in eorum manibus intrarent ecclesiam, et misse ' de Requiem ' 
pro anima ipsius Episcopi defuncti et animabus omnium fidelium defunctorum 
et ' do Sancto Spiritu ' decantande, interressent et oblationes ad easdem Missas 
juxta eorum posse (?) facerent, que oblationes provenientes servarent'ir adedifi- 
cationem dicte capelle. Etiam iidem Commissarii injunxerunt eisdem vicario 
et parrocliianis, quod peragerent quamcunque penitenciam per prefatum Reve- 
rendum dominum, Ricardum "Wintoniensem Episcopum, ipsis impostei-um 
injungendam. Et dum misse, prima videlicet ' de Requiem,' per Abbatem, et 
secunda ' de Sancto Spiritu,' per Priorem predictum, ad summum Altare decan- 
tate fuerant, major pars parrocliianorum tempore offertorii utriusque misse 
oblationes fecit. Et ultra illas duas missas, diverse alio misse private, quarum 
certe fuerunt de quinque vulneribus et certe de nomine Jhesu ad alia altaria 
in Navi ipsius ecclesie parrocMalis celebrate fuerunt, parrochianis predictis 
singulis missis interessentibus. Quibus missis omnibus et singulis sic celebratis, 
iidem commissarii, una cum presbiteris et clericis predictis, Letaniam videlicet 
" Salve festa dies " decantantes, imri-ochianis cos sequentibus, villam de Portys- 
uiuutlie predicta in solemui processione circuicrunt. Et cum pervenorant ad 


locum delicti, ibidem sisterunt graduiu, et psalmo 'dc profundis' cum oratione pro 
ouima ipsius Episcopi defuncti et uniniabus onmiiun fidelium defunctorum, per 
eosdem Commissaries ac presbiteros et clericos ibidem dicto, ipsi Commissarii ac 
presbiteri et clerici residuum Letanio hujusmodi decantantes, parrocliianis eos 
sequentibus, ad dictam ecclesiam parrochialem processionaliter redierunt. Et 
processione finita dictus Magistor, Johannes Dowman, intima\dt eisdem paiTO- 
chianis et ceteris ibidem presentibus, quod dictus Revercndus pater, omnibus 
dictiuu locum visitantibus, et ibiJem stationes facieutibus psalmum ' de pro- 
fundis,' aut orationem dominicam quinquies cum salutacionc angelica quin- 
quies et siuibalo Apostolorum, ibidem pro animabus dicti defuncti et omnium 
fidelium defunctorum dicentibus, tociens quotiens quadraginta dies indulgencie 
concessit. Et deinde, post meridiem ejusdem sexti diei Aprilis, iidem Commis- 
sarii ac presbiteri et clerici solemnes exequias, pro anima dicti Episcopi defuncti 
et animabus omnium fidelium defunctonmi, in cadcm eeclesia parrochialis 
de Portysmouthe decantaveruut, majuri parte parrocliianorum predictorum 
ibidem jnterressente. 


Process held at Portsmouth. 

Richard, by divine permission, Bishop of Winchester, to our beloved in 
Christ the Abbot of the Monastery of Tychefeld, of the Premonstratensian 
Order, and the Prior of the Priory of Suth\vj'k, of the Order of St. Augustine, 
of our diocese of Winchester, and Master John Dowman, Doctor of Laws, our 
Vicar General in spiritualities Greeting, Grace, and Benediction. Whereas the 
Lord Adam, of good memoiy. Doctor of Laws, Bishop of Chichester, suffered 
temporal death through the inhabitants of Portysmouthe, on account of which 
the inhabitants and all their followers incurred the sentence of the greater 
excommunication and the anger of Ahnighty God, and their land has suffered 
many ruins and losses : the present inhabitants of the same town, desiring to 
be freed from such a bond, and on this behalf to submit to a fitting and legiti- 
mate penance, and trusting more fully in the mercy of Almighty God, earnestly 
and humbly supplicated us, that we would deign to provide a fitting remedy for 
them on this behalf. We therefore, Richard, the Bishop aforesaid, desiring to 
provide for the salvation of the souls of the same inhabitants, since the chm-ch 
closes her bosom to no one returning to her, by the tenor of those presents 
commit to you conjointly and singly our offices, and grant you full power in 
the Lord to enquire according to tho demands of justice concerning such crime, 
and to absolve the aforesaid inhabitants from such sentence, and to impose and 



enjoin on them a salutary and fitting penance, and to do, exercise, and effect 
all and singiilar other matters which, in the premises and respecting them, may- 
be necessary or in any manner opportune ; and we ordain, constitute, and depute 
you, conjointly and separately, by these presents, our Commissaries for the pur- 
poses above written. In testimony of which matter we have caused our seal 
to be affixed to these presents. Given, under our seal, on the first day of the 
month of April, in the year of our Lord one thousand five hundred and eight, 
and in the seventh year of our translation. 

On the sixth day of the month of April, at seven o'clock in the foreiKion 
of that day, in the year of Our Lord, 1508, the 11th Indiction, the 5th year of 
the pontificate of the most holy father in Christ and Lord, our Lord Jiilius, by 
Divine Providence Pope, the second of that name, the parishioners of the town 
of Portysmouthe, in the diocese of Winchester, in a great multitude of each sex, 
together with Sir Robert Adam,* vicar of Portysmouthe aforesaid, vested in 
a surplice, at the tolling of a bell in the parish church of Portysmouthe afore- 
said, came to the same parish chuixh. And because, on account of the causes 
undermentioned moving the Commissaries, the doors of the church had been 
closed, it was announced to them that they should go to the church called the 
'Domus Dei' of Portysmouthe. To whom assembled at and in the said church, 
the word of God being set forth by the Religious man, brother Hugh, of the 
order of Observantists of Southampton in the said diocese, and the cause of 
their congregation being declared, the venerable men. Master John Dowman, 
Doctor of Laws, Vicar General in spiritualities of the Reverend Father in 
Christ and Lord, the Lord Richard, by divine permission Bishop of Winchester, 
Sir Thomas Oke, Abbot of the monasteiy of Tychefelde in the said diocese of 
Winchester, of the Premonstratensian order, and Sir Thomas Kent, Prior of 
the Priory of Suthewyk in the same diocese, of the order of St. Augustine, 
Commissaries of the same Reverend Father sufficiently and lawfully appointed 
on this behalf, vested in stoles, the commission of the said Reverend Father 
made to the said Commissaries being presented to them and publicly read 
through, and they, having taken on them the burden of such commission, and 
resolved that they would proceed according to the tenor of the same, with rods 
in their hands drove out and excluded, as disqualified and unfit to be in the 
church of God, the said vicar and parishioners, on account of the enormity of 
the crime committed and pei-petrated, at the said chui-ch called the Domus Dei, 

* Sir Roger Adam was instituted to the Vicarape of Portsmouth 5th ifaj-, loOT, 
and to that of Portsea on the 29th Xuvcmbcr, 15(i9, whereupon he resigned "that of 


by tlu' inhiibitaiits of tho said tovra apainst Iho Lord Adam, of jrood memory, 
liishop of Chichoster ; who was iulmmanly and with saerilofrious hands diajrg:t'd 
by tho inhabitants OTit of the said church, and in tho town of Portsmouth af oro- 
said subjected to a cruel death, on the 9th of January, in the year of our Lord 
One Thousand * * ♦ * "\Vho, thus excluded, went iu 

haste to the place of the crime in which the same Loi-d Adam, Bishop of Chi- 
chester suffered death. To whom, being at the place of the crime, the above 
mentioned brother Ilug-h counselled, that, having considered the crime, they 
who could suffer to do so should pass with naked feet and legs to the western 
doors of the parish church of Portysmouthe, there in the manner of penitents 
to prostrate themselves in prayers, and to seek penance and absolution to bo 
bestowed on them, and admission to the chui-ch to be granted them. And 
thereupon, the same lords Commissaries, together with brothers Robert Goife of 
SuthevN-j'k aforesaid Subprior, Thomas Elton of the same plact, Canon, Thomas 
Blankpayne of Tychefelde Prior, Thomas Gode-\vj-n, William Lambe, Thomas 
Godfrey of the same. Canons, arranged in sacerdotal order ; Sir "William 
Osmunderlawe of Widley, Rector, Sir Stephen Seyward of Portcsey, Sir Ed- 
ward Yong of Portchestur, Vicars, Sir John Creke of tho said church chilled 
the Donms Dei and Sir Thomas Belle of Alverstoke, Chaplains, Thomas Mcrshe 
of Suthe^vyk and Thomas Monmouthe of Tychefelde, no\'ices, and tho others 
before named, went to the aforesaid parish church. And, after they had en- 
tered the said church, the above mentioned Sir Robert Adam of Portysmouthe 
the Vicar, and the parishioners thereof, the feet and legs of the same parish- 
ioners for the most part being naked, instant in prayer, went, together with tho 
said brother Hugh, towards the said western doors, and there himibly prostrated 
themselves. And the doors of the chiu'ch, by the command of the Commis- 
saries, as is before stated, being closed on all sides, the said Vicar and parish- 
ioners on the oiitsidc of the western door of the said parish church, in tho 
cemetery of the same, being prostrate in the manner of penitents, the before 
mentioned brother Hugh and the said Vicar, in his own name and in that of 
everyone of his parishioners, knocked at the said western door and lamentably 
prayed for the said door to be opened, and for entrance or admission to the church, 
and penance and absolution for himself and such parishioners. Which knocking 
and petition being so made, the same lords Conmiissaries enquired from within 
who might be there. They for their part, brother Hugh and the Vicor, in 
the name of himself and of everyone of his parishioners, replied that sinners 
were present, and that they sought forgiveness from God for the laying of 
\'iolent hands on the Lord Adam, Bishop of Chichester, by the inhabitants of 


the town of Portysmoutlie, perpetrated on the said ninth day of the month of 

January, and that they were prepared to undergo penance. Which indeed 

Commissaries replied to the same brother Hugh and to the Vicar and parisli- 

ioners, that they doubted whether they could grant according to the petition 

made, because the blood of the dead Bishop cried for vengeance before the Lord 

against those sinning in such a manner : the four elements being witnesses, 

namely — Air, Water, Fire, and Earth. First, Air, because by pestilences and 

other weaknesses more of the inhabitants there for the greater part were dead, 

and their land was not fertile but rendered sterile. Secondly, Water, because 

merchants, on account of the said crime and by reason of the infamy of such 

inhabitants, hare been unwilling to call at the port there with their ships : and, 

besides that, their lands in the various places had been inimdated and devastated 

by the water, and the inhabitants there had sustained very many other damages 

and losses through water. Thirdly, Fire, because the buildings of that town 

and of other neighbouring places had been often consumed by fire. Fourthly 

Earth, because their lands have not brought forth fruits as they had formerly 

done, and, moreover, that the grass in the place where the said Bishop suffered, 

with the land on §aeh side, is Avithered and does not flourish ; and thus their 

habitations were deserted, insomuch that they could scarcely find any persons 

who ■cashed to inhabit them, and so their buildings have fallen to ruin, and the 

inhabitants there have been marked with perpetual infamy. And, on account 

of these and many other causes, they were not fit, neither could have been so, 

neither could they be admitted to enter the church. Who, still prostrate, 

humbly and lamentably besought admission to the church, affirming that on 

account of the causes and reasons set forth by the said brother Hugh, the 

church would not close her bosom to those who were penitent, and were desirous 

to perfoi-m penance and to return to the church, and they asserted that they 

were willing to perform whatever penance should be enjoined on them. Which 

answers being so made, the said Lords Commissaries said that they were willing 

to descend to the place of the crime, and, if they should find them penitent and 

prepared to accomplish in deed that which they declared in word, then they 

the Commissaries woidd impart to them their office : and so they, the vicar and 

parishioners, in the manner of penitents, returned to the place of the crime. 

Who going before, and the Lords Commissaries with the aforesaid priests 

vested in surplices and stoles, the aforesaid western door being opened to them, 

following a little behind them, the same Lords Commissaries, when they had 

come to the said place of the crime, and had found them humbly prostrate iu 

prayers and lamentably seeking penance and absolution, in order that the 


p.irishionors might bo able to have greater grace to receive poiiancc, and th(! 
C'oiiiinissaries to enjoin it and to absolve them, they desired that there piostrate 
tlicy should say the Loi-d's Prayer fifteen times and the Apostles' Creed thrice ; 
while the same Commissaries with such priests and other literates, as many as 
possible, should there say the seven penitential psalms with genuflexion. And 
thereupon the said seven psalms being begun by the said Lords Commissaries, 
when they came to the psalm " Miserere mei Deus," (have mercy upon me, O 
God,) the same Lords Commissaries disciplined the said vicar and parishioners 
with rods, they, the disciplinants saying the verso " Miserere mei Deus secun- 
dum magnam mcsericordiam tuam," (have mercy upon mo, God, after thy 
great goodness) and the disciplined answering by themselves or others the 
verse " Et secundum multitudiuem meserationum tuarum dele iuiquitatem 
meam," (and according to the multitude of thy mercies do away mine offences.) 
"V^lio being so disciplined, and the said seven psalms being ended, the Lords 
Commissaries aforesaid enjoined on the parishioners that they should erect a 
cross in the same place of the crime ; and, as soon as they conveniently could, 
they should construct a *chapel there, in which the faithful in Christ might bo 
able to pour out their prayers to the Most High for the souls of the said Lord 
Adam, the Bishop deceased, and of all the faithful deceased ; and that on Good 
Friday then next following, and so their siiccessors, the futui-e parishioners in 
the said parish, on Good Friday in every year, with their feet and legs bare, 
should go to the said place to pray for the soul.s of the said Bishop and of all 
the faithful deceased, and to make offerings there according to their means ; 
and that, within the three years then next following, every such parishioner, 
or at least certain of the same parishioners, according to the discretion of the 
inhabitants there, should proceed abroad to the place in which the same Adam, 
the deceased Bishop, is buried, there to seek forgiveness in the name of all the 
inhabitants, and to pray for the souls of the same deceased Bishoj) and of all 
the faithful departed and to make oblations : and also that they the present 
parishioners and their successors, the future parishioners in the said parish, or 
in any case one at least from each of their families, in the same place of the 
crime, on the ninth day of the month of January, on which the same Bishop 
suffered death, with burning wax candles in their hands, eveiy year should 

• On the Map of Portsmouth drawn in the reiq:n of Ilonry VIII. before 1540, also 
on that of the reig;n of EUzabcth, there is a Hi tie buililiiipf ■jccupving a pkioe between *he 
Church aiul the present Memorial Cross. In the Eli/.aboth plan there is written over the 
little buiMiiiK the word ' Chappel.' "What object could the.-e be in putting a chapel so 
close to the ' I )omus Dei ? ' It was, I feel certain that alluded to in the Process, and 
erected over the very spot where Bishop Muleyus wui murdered. 


pour out their prayers to God for tlie souls of the said deceased, and of all the 
faithfiil deceased, and should keep the anniversary, and should be personally 
present at the funeral services and at the Mass "de Requiem." And further 
the same Lords Commissaries enjoined on the said vicar and parishioners, that 
they should return to the said western door of the parish church of Portys- 
mouthe, there humbly to prostrate themselves and again receive discipline and 
another penance and absolution. And thereupon the same parishioners, in the 
manner of penitents, returned to the said western door, being preceded by the 
said vicar and other priests, and singing the Litany, with the cross erect, and 
incense bearers and candle bearers, and followed by the aforesaid Commissaries 
with rods in their hands. And then, the same Commissaries, certain prayers 
and addresses having been previously said by them, disciplined the vicar and 
parishioners so prostrated, and absolved them from the sentence of excommuni- 
cation which they had incurred, at first generally, and afterwards for the most 
part separately. And, moreover, the Commissaries enjoined on the said vicar 
and parishioners that they, with lighted candles in their hands, should enter the 
church, and should be present at the singing of the Mass " de Requiem " for 
the soul of the same Bishop deceased, and the souls of all the faithful deceased, 
and the Mass " de Sancto Spiritu ; " and should make offerings at the same 
Masses according to their means, which offerings should be saved towards the 
building of the said chapel. The same Commissaries also enjoined on the same 
vicar and parishioners, that they should perform whatever penance should be 
afterwards enjoined them by the aforesaid Lord Richard, Bishop of Win- 
chester. And while the first Mass, namely " de Requiem," by the Abbot, and 
the second "de Sancto Spiritu," by the Prior aforesaid, were sung at the high 
altar, a great part of the parishioners made oblations in the time of the offertoi-y 
of each Mass. And besides those two Masses, various other private Masses 
were celebrated at other altars in the nave of the same parish church, certain 
of which were of the "Five Wounds," and certain of the " Name of Jesus," 
the said parishioners being present at each Mass. All and singular the which 
Masses having been celebrated, the same Commissaries, together with the pres- 
byters and clerks aforesaid, went in solemn procession around the town of 
Portysmouthe aforesaid, singing the Litany, that is to say " Salve festa dies," 
the parishioners following them. And when they had come to the place of the 
crime they halted there, and the psalm "De profundis," with a prayer for the 
soul of the deceased Bishop, and the souls of all the faithful deceased having 
been there said by the same Commissaries and presbyters and clerks, the Com- 
missaries and presbyters and clerks retained in procession to the said parish 


church, singing the remainder of such Litany, followed by the parishioners : 
and, at the end of the procession, the said Master John Downian intimated to 
the same parishioners and to others present, that the said Reverend Father 
granted forty days' indulgence to all persons visiting the said place and making 
stations there, so often as thoy sliould say there the " Do Profundis " and the 
Loi-d's Prayer five times, with the salutation of the angels five times, and the 
Apostles' Creed. And then, in the afternoon of the same sixth day of April, 
the same Commissaries, and Presbyters, and Clerks sang solemn funeral services 
in the same parish of Portj'smouthe, for the soul of the said deceased Bishop, 
and for the souls of all the faithful deceased, the greater part of the aforesaid 
parishioners being there present. 


Monastic life in the Churcli of Christ is nearly as oUl as 
Christianity itself No sooner did persecution set in than 
Christians fled to desert and solitary places for safety, and, 
when persecution ceased, the anchorite maintained from choice 
the retirement, to which originally he had been driven by 
heathen cruelty. But the solitude and isolation of the 
early devotee were soon found to be insutticient to satisfy 
the necessities of the religious life. Public worship, the 
participation of the sacraments, and mutual help soon 
called for the union of common life with solitude. The 
anchorite became of necessity a cenobite ; and so rapid 
then was the progress of Monasticism in the East, that 
Pachomius, the first disciple of the great St. Anthony, 
found himself Superior of 7000 cenobites. True, not sel- 
dom, pride, and ostentation, and hypocritical simulations 
of rigour, and bitter controversy, and other abuses resulted 
from the admiration of such extensive self-devotion, but it 
is equally certain, that the example set by the early monks 
tended greatly to forward Christianity in the East. 

15 t DOMUS DEI. 

In the West, Monachism was little known until the 
fourth century, when it was introduced into Home and 
northern Italy by St. Athanasius, into Africa by St. Augus- 
tine, and afterwards into Gaul by St. Martin de Tours. It 
had then quite an eastern form, but it was soon found 
necessary to apply considerable relaxation, and at last to 
make a thorough change. This was the work of the holy 
St. Benedict, who not only cast aside the lingering relics of 
paganism, but introduced stricter discipline and order and 
so repressed the irregular and licentious life of the wan- 
dering monks. His object was not merely to save the soul 
of each individual recluse, but to render monastic life in 
every way useful. His monasteries therefore became schools 
of learning and training houses of clergy, and to him we 
are indebted, not only for treasures of sacred lore, but 
also for the preservation of many of the gems of classical 
literature. This was tlie first great work of Monachism 
in the West, wrought out mainly through the influence of 
a giant reformer, who, strange to say, is described by 
St. Gregory the G^reat as 'scienter ncsciens et sapientcr 
indodus ' — learnedly ignorant and wisely unlearned. 

The next marked religious movement in connection 
with Monasticism took place in the 1 2th Century, under 
Francis of Assisi, the founder of the Franciscan Order. In 
conniion with the older orders of monastic life, he held 
closely to the three vows of chastity, poverty, and obedi- 
ence, liut of these he maintained that poverty was spirit- 
ually by far the most powerful. He therefore allowed no 
property either for his order or any member of it. The 
very clothes the Franciscan wore, the girdle of his loins, 
the book of Divine Office were not his own, they belonged 
to God and His Church. The progress of this order was 
marvellous. In less than half a century it reckoned no 
fewer than 33 provinces, possessing 8000 convents with 
200,000 members. The spiritual egotism of early mona- 
chism now gave place to a far more comprehensive range 
of spiritual duty. Indeed the temporal necessities of the 


suftering and alUicted, lying exposed to tlie lieartlessness of 
a cold world, became one great ol)jcct of cloister care. And 
this it was which caused the establishment of hospitals for 
the sick, real ' Houses of God,' in connection with monastic 
establishments. It is (^[uite true that such hospitals had 
been attached to the Church, as inseparable from her work, 
from the very beginning of unpersecuted Clu'istianity, cer- 
tainly from the time of St. Basil ; but their number was 
greatly increased soon after the foundation of the Francis- 
cans, the dominant principle of that order calling the 
attention of the faithful to the bodily as well as the spirit- 
ual wants of the sick. As long as life and vigour and 
purity continued with the followers of 8t. Francis and his 
rivals, so long did holy men found 'Houses of Ood,' and no 
longer. Hence we find in our own country no ' Donuis Dei' 
dates earlier than the beginning of the J 2th century, the 
very time when the zeal and enthusiasm of St. Francis of 
Assisi began to be felt throughout Europe ; and, we may 
fairly conclude, that it was under the influence of that 
great reformer of monachism, Bishop Peter de Kupibus was 
led to found the 'Domus Dei ' of Portsmouth for the com- 
fort of Christ's poor. To St. Benedict the world is indebted 
for the preservation of books, which j\Iacaulay justly says 
were the " germs from whence a second and more glori- 
ous civilization " burst forth ; but to St. Fi-ancis it owes 
that closer attention to the wants of the suffering poor, 
which was excited by his marvellous renunciation of every 
thing earthly for the sake of Christ and his Church. 

Thus monastic life had its work to do, and for centuries 
did it with holy zeal. The influence it exercised for good 
during the middle ages is beyond all calculation. But too 
soon alas ! evils crept in — divisions took place, jealou.sies 
were stirred up, purity was often forgotten, and so the con- 
fidence of the general public was gradually lost. "The 
multiplication of monastic orders was owing to the steady 
flow of the tide of corruption ; *' in negotiis religionis facilius 

« Pet. Clun. Ep. i. 2i. 


possunt nova fundari qiiam Vetera reparari.' When 
the Benedictines evaded the severity of their rule by 
qualifying glosses, the Cluniac order arose ; but beginning 
in the tenth century with a strict rule they sunk into lux- 
ury in the twelfth ; the Cistercians started to shame them 
but soon lost all moral vigour ; next the Franciscan men- 
dicants appeared, but degenerated more completely in the 
first quarter of a century, after their introduction into 
England, than other orders had in three or four centuries." 
" The glory of Monasticisni was the fidelity with which it 
discharged its earlier mission ; the self sacrifice with whicli 
it taught men to rise superior to the trials and calamities of 
life ; the unfeigned piety with whicli the monk resigned 
every earthly advantage that he might win a heavenly 
reward. But it survived its reputation, and there is more 
hope of recovering to life the carcase around which the 
eagles have gathered, than of a renovated monkdom. The 
ribaldry of Boccaccio and Rabelais, and the more measured 
terms of Piers Plowman and Chaucer were mainly instru- 
mental in bringing about the downfall of Monasticism ; but 
this was after it bad already been shorn of its splendour, 
and when scarcely a ray remained to it of its true glory."* 
In England the stunning blow to Monastic institutions 
was given by Henvy VIII. just at the time when corruption 
had reached its height, not only in the cloister but in the 
palace. Cliristendom had been shaken to its foundations by 
the unfaithfulness of Christians ; the very priesthood, regu- 
lar and secular, was clothed in selfishness ; and, as all history 
has proved, where the priests are luxurious and idle the 
laity are of necessity immoral. An unscrupulous monarch 
was the instrument of vengeance to act upon an effete 
monachism. Eifty seven surrenders were made to him 
in 1539, of which thirty seven were monasteries, and 
twenty nunneries. When all had thus resigned, commis- 
sioners were appointeil bv the court of augmentations to 

* Blunt' s Doctrinal and IIi«torical Thwlogry. pp. 487, 493. 

DOMUS DEI. 1 57 

receive tlie revenue and p;()ods belonging to these houses, 
to establish the pensions that were to be given to those 
that had been in them ; and to pull down the churches, or 
such other parts of the fabric as they thought superlluous, 
and to sell the materials. This having been done others 
began to get hospitals to be surrendered to the king. 
Burnet tells us that when Dr. liidley '• inveighed against 
the superstition towaixls images, and there was a general 
disposition over all the nation to pull them down," Ports- 
mouth was the first to set an example of iconoclastic zeal. 
It is satisfactory to know that the master of her "Domus Dei" 
was not moved by an equal zeal to be the first to surrender 
to the King possessions which had been solemnly dedicated 
to God. That unholy task fell to the lot of the unscru- 
pulous Thirleliy, who sold the INIastership of St. Thomas's 
Hospital, Southwark, for a mitre, and then in the most 
reckless way accommodated himself to every change that 
followed ; convenience rather than principle being his 
watchword. But within a year other Masters became unho- 
lily generous, all seeming to make the best bargain they could 
with the Crown. On the 2nd June, 1540, John Incent, 
Master of the Hospital of St. Nicholas, signed the follow- 
ing obsequious deed of surrender on behalf of himself and 
the brethren and sisters, and two days afterwards was re- 
warded with the deanery of St. Paul's. 

No. VII. 

Omnibus Christi fidelibus, ad quos prajsens scriptum pervoncrit, Johannes 
Incent, Legum Doctor, Magistcr Domus sive Hospitalis Sancti Nicolai de 
Portysmouthe, Wintoniensis dioccsis, et ejusdcm loci confratres et sororcs, sa- 
lutem in Domino sejnpitcrnam. Noveritis, nos, prwfatos mag-isti-um, confratres 
et sorores, unanimi consensu ct assensu nostris, animis deliberatis, corta scicntia. 
et mero motu nostris, ex quibusdam causis justis et rationalibus, nos, animaa 
et conscientias nosti-as specialiter movontibus, ultro ct sponte dedisse ct conces- 
sisse, ac per pra3scntcs dare, et conccderc, rcddcro ct confirmaro illustrissimo 
principi et domino nostro, Henrico octavo, Dei gratii Anglias ct Francias regi 
fidei defensori, domino Ilibemioa, ct in terri supremo capiti Anglicanrc ccclesia> 


totam dictam domuni sive Hospitalo Sancti Nicolai de Portosmoutho predicts, 
necnon omnia et singula maneria, dominia, messuagia, gardina, curtilagia, tofta, 
terras et tenementa, prata, pascua, pasturas, boscos, redditus, reversioncs, ser- 
vitia, molondina, passagia, feoda militum, wardas, maritagia, natives, villanos, 
cum eorum sequelis, communias, libertatcs, franchesias, jui-isdictionca, officia, 
curias, letas, liundreda, visus franci plegii, ferias, mercata, parcos, warenna, 
vivaria, aquas, piscarias, vias, *cliiminos, vacuos fundos, advocationes, nomi- 
nationes, preesentationes et donationes ecclesiarum, vicariarum, capellarum, 
cantariarum, hospitalium, et aliorum ecclesiasticorum beneficiorum quonim- 
cunque, rectorias, vicarias, cantarias, pensiones, portiones, annuitates, decimas, 
oblatiunes, ac omnia et singula emolumeuta, proficua, possessiones, heredita- 
laenta, et jura nostra quajcunque, tam infra Comitatum Southampton ise quam 
infra Comitatum Wiltesias, vel alibi infra rognum Anglite, "VVallise ac Marchi- 
arum eorujidem, eidem Domui sive Hospitali Sancti Nicolai de Portesmoutho 
prsedicta quoque modo pertinentia, spectantia, appendentia, sive incumbentia, 
ac omnimodas cbartas, evidentias, scripta et munimenta nostra eisdem domui 
sive hospitali, maneriis, terris et tenementis, ac caateris praemissis cum perti- 
nentiis, seu alicid inde parcellse, quoquo molo spectantia sive concementia, 
habenda, tenenda, et gaudendenda dictam domum sive hospitale, scitum, fun- 
dum, circuitum, et prtecinctum de Portesmouthe pra di 3ta, neci.on omnia et 
singula domiuia, maneria, terras, tenementa, rectorias, pensiones, et cajtera 
prtemissa, cum omnibus et singulis suis pertinentiis, prsefato invictissimo prin- 
cipi et domino nostro regi, heredibus et assignatis suis imperpetuum, cui in hac 
parte ad omnem juris effectum qui exinde sequi poterit aut potest, nos et dictam 
Domum sive Hospitale Sancti Nicolai de Portesmouthe prasdicta, ac omnia jui-a 
nobis qualitercumque acquisita, ut decet, subjicimus et submittimus, dantes et 
concedentes, prout per praasentes damus et concedimus, eidem regise majestati 
heredibus et assignatis suis, omnem et omnimodam plenam et liberam facul- 
tatem, auctoritatem, et potestatem, nos et dictam domum de Portesmouthe prse- 
dicta, unacum "omnibus et singulis maneriis, terris, tenementis, redditibus, 
reversionibus, servitiis, et singulis prsemissis, cum suis juribus et pertinentiis 
quibuscumque disponenduni, ac pro sua libera regia voluntate et libito ad quos- 
cunque usus majestati suco placcntcs, alienandum, donandum, convcrtendum, et 
transferendum, hujusmodi dispositiones, alienationes, donationes, conversiones, et 
translationes per dictam majestatem suam quovismodo fiendas ; extunc ratificantcs 
ratasque et gratas ac perpetuo firmas nos habitui-os promittimus per prieseutcs. 

• Tolls for passing through a forest with loaded carts or horses 


Et nos praifati Mnj;i.ster, coiifratrcs, sororos, ct successores nostri, diotani do- 
iiuini, prawinctum, scitum, Diansioucin, et ecclesiaju Sancti Nicolai do Portes- 
mouthe prajdicta, ac omnia et singula inancria, dominia, messuagia, gardina, 
cartilagia, tofta, prata, pascua, pasturas, boseos, subboscos, terras, touenicnta, ac 
omnia et singxda caetera prajmissa, cum suis pertinentiis uuiversis, domino 
nostro regi et assignatis suis, contra omnes gentes warrantizabimus impepctuiun. 
In cujus rei testimonium, nos, prajfati magister, confratres, et sorores, huic 
fscripto sigillum nostrum communo praasentibus, apponi fecimus. Datum se- 
c'undo die Junii, anno Domini millessimo quingcntessimo quadragcsinio, et regni 
illustrissimi domini nostri regis Ilenrici Octavi tricesimo secundo. 

Per me Joannem Incent. 

Capta et rccognita coram lae Willelmo Petre die et anno praedictis. 

Per me Willm. Petre. 


To all the faithful in Christ to whom the present wi-iting shall come, froin 
John Incent, Doctor of Laws, Master of the House or Hospital of St. Nicholas 
of Portsmouth in the diocese of "Winchester, and the brothers and sisters of 
the same place, eternal salvation in the Lord. Know that we, the aforesaid 
master, brothers and sisters, with our unanimous consent and assent, having 
deliberated in our minds, of our certain knowledge and mere motion, from 
divers just and reasonable causes, ourselves, our minds and consciences sjiecially 
moving, have willingly and freely given and granted, and by these presents do 
give and grant, render and confirm to our illustrious prince and lord, Henry 
the Eighth, by the grace of God, King of England and France, defender of 
the faith, lord of Ireland, and on earth supreme head of the English Church, 
all the said House or Hospital of St. Nicholas of Portsmouth aforesaid, and all 
the site, ground, circuit, and precinct of the same House of St. Nicholas of 
Portsmouth aforesaid, and also all and the singular manors, domains, messuages, 
gardens, court-yards, tofts, lands, and tenements, meadows, grazings, pasturages, 
woods, rents, reversions, services, mills, ferry-tolls, knights' fees, wards, mari- 
tages, bond-men, villains, with their appurtenances, conunons, liberties, fran- 
chises, jurisdictions, offices, courts, courts-leet, hundreds, \dews of frank-pledge, 
fairs, markets, parks, warrens, fish-ponds, waters, fishing-rights, roads, ways, 
vacant grounds, advowsons, nominations, prcsentiitions and donations of 
churches, vicarages, chapeh'ies, chantries, hospitals, and of other ecclesiastical 
benefices whatsoever, rectories, vicarages, chantries, pensions, portions, annuities 


tentlis, oblations, and all and singular our emoluments, profits, possessions, 
heriditaments, and rights, whatsoever, as well within the county of South- 
ampton as within the county of Wilts, or elsewhere in the Kingdom of 
England, Wales, and the Marches of the sanie, to the said House or Hospital of 
St. Nicholas of Portsmouth aforesaid, in any manner, pertaining, helonging, 
appending or applying, and our various charters, evidences, writings and muni- 
ments of every kind, to the same house or hospital, manors, lands and tenements, 
and to the other premises with their appurtenances, or to any parcel thereof be- 
longing or concerning : To have, to hold, and to enjoy the said House or Hospital, 
the site, ground, circuit, and precinct, of Portsmouth aforesaid, and also all and 
singular the domains, manors, lands, tenements, rectories, pensions, and the 
other premises, with all and singular their appurtenances, to the aforesaid most 
iu\-incible prince and lord our King, his heirs and assigns for ever : to whom, in 
this behalf, to every effect of right which thence might or can follow, we, as 
becomes us, yield and submit onrselves and the said House or Hospital of 
St. Nicholas of Portsmouth aforesaid, and all the rights howsoever acquired by 
us, — giving and granting, as by these presents we give and grant to the same 
Royal Majesty, his heirs and assigns, all and every manner of full and free 
faculty, authority, and power, to dispose of ourselves and the said House of 
Portsmouth aforesaid, together with all and singular the manors, lands, tene- 
ments, rents, reversions, services, and the singular premises, with their rights 
and appurtenances whatsoever, and according to his own free royal vdU and 
pleasiire, to alienate, grant, convert, and transfer to whatsoever uses may please 
His Majesty, ratifying the dispositions, alienations, donations, conversions and 
translations of this sort, by His said Majesty in any manner thenceforth to be 
made, and we promise by these presents to hold the same good, acceptable, and 
firm for ever. And we the aforesaid master, brothers, sisters, and our suc- 
cessors, will for ever warrant against all people, to our Lord the King and his 
assigns, the said house, precinct, site, mansion and church of St. Nicholas of 
Portsmouth aforesaid, and all and singular manors, domains, messuages, gar- 
dens, court-yards, tofts, meadows, grazings, pasturages, woods, under-woods, 
lands, tenements, and all and singular the other premises, with the whole of 
their appurtenances. In testimony whereof, we the aforesaid master, brothers 
and sisters, have caused our common seal to be affixed to this writing. 
Dated 2nd June, a.d., 1540, and 32 Henry viii. 

By me John Inccnt. 
Taken and recorded before me, William Petre, on the day and year aferesaid. 

By me Willm. Petre. 



The ' Act for the dissolution of Abbeys,' secured to the 
crown the possession of one-fiftli of the lands of the king- 
dom, and, by means of the Court of Augmentations, the 
greatest possible care was taken to realize to the utmost 
every penny coming from the property of the suppressed 
houses. But it must not be supposed that this general con- 
fiscation met with approval from the public. At the outset 
all admitted that the number of religious houses was far 
too great, and so the first suppression was deemed a wise 
proceeding ; but, when an act was passed vesting all mo- 
nastic possessions in the king, the coimtry became dissatis- 
fied, and as Burnet strongly puts it, " this suppression of 
abbeys was universally censured." Even Henry was afraid 
to take to himself those vast estates without feigning 
that he intended to use them for the glory of God. With 
his own hand he WTote the following preamble to the draft 
of an " Act for the King to make Bishops." Well would 
it have been for his memory had his deeds accorded "with 
his professions as thus expressed ! " Forasmuch as it is not 
unknown the slothful and ungodly life which hath been 
used amongst all those sort which have borne the name of 
religious folk ; and to the intent, that, from henceforth, 
many of them might be turned to better use, as hereafter 
shall follow, whereby God's Word might be the better set 
forth ; children brought up in learning ; clerks nourislied 
in the universities ; old servants decayed to have livings ; 
alms houses for poor people to be sustained in ; readers of 
Greek, Hebrew, and Latin to have good stipend ; daily 


alms to be ministered ; mending of highways ; exhibition 
for ministers of the Church ; it is thought unto the King's 
Highness most expedient and necessary, tliat more bishop- 
rics and colleges shall be established."* The godless 
monarch promised largely, but lied as unblushingly. He 
soon forgot his wonderful schemes for the moral and reli- 
gious advancement of his people. God's money was used 
freely by him to keep up an extravagant household ; for 
" the upholding of dice-playing, masking and banquetting"; 
nay for the support of every kind of loose indulgence. 
And thus the royal heart became more and more hardened. 
So much so, that, when he appealed to parliament to join 
with him in another sacrilegious raid upon heaven's trea- 
sures, he openly avowed that the money gathered in by 
the abolition of charities, many of them very rich, should 
be spent in carrying on wars against France and Scotland ; 
" and for the maintenance of your most royal estate, ho- 
nour, dignity, and estimation, which all your most loving 
subjects, of natural duty, be bound to conserve and in- 
crease by all such ways and means as they can devise." 
It is sometimes said, that, with all the King's selfishness, he 
was certainly most liberal in his pensions to those who had 
been inmates of the suppressed houses. Never was a 
statement more false. The moid<s of Tewkesbmy Abbey, 
for example, thirty-four in number, received out of a reve- 
nue of .£^1595 15s. 6d., six of them a pension of £8 or £9 
a year, the remainder £6 13s. 4d.; while in the smaller 
monasteries the poor sufferers obtained sums varying from 
£4 to 58s. 4d. But, if thii monks were little cared for, such 
was not the case with the revenues of monastic property. 
Eeceivers were cautiously selected to take down every far- 
thing, showing no favour ; and to send in a carefully 
drawn up account to the Chancellor of the Court of Aug- 
mentations. The following is the return made of estates 
which belonged to the ' Domus Dei ' of Portsmouth, and it 

* 31 Jlemy viii., c. 9. 


proves that Roger Tychehorne was a very intelligent and 
paius-taking servant of the Crown. 

NO. viir. 

Late Hospital of St. Nicholas in Portsmouth, commonly called Godishouso. 

Exoheqxier; Augmentation Office. Ministers' Accounts. Soutliampton, 
31-32 Henry viii. No. 139. 

Manor of Broughton. 

Account of Roger Tycheboume, gentleman, Special Receiver of all 
the possessions, as well Spiritual as Temporal, pertaining to the said late 
Hospital, namely from the 27th March, 31 Henry viii, — on which day the 
said late Hospital, with all the possessions, rights and appui-tenances of the 
same house, was surrendered into the hands of the same King, by John Incent, 
clerk, doctor of laws, late Master of the same Hospital, and the brothers and 
sisters of the said house, and freely and willingly by their writing was given 
and granted to the same King, his heirs and successors, — until the Feast of 
St. Michael, Archangel, thence next following, in the 32nd year of the same 
King's reign, that is to say for half-a-year. 

Arrears. None, because this is the first account of the same Computer. 

Rents of Assise of Free Tenants. 

But renders account of 7s. 6d. of rent of assise of certain lands .and meadows 
there called Typtofte, in the occupation of Thomas, Earl of Rutland, payable 
yearly on the term of St. Michael the Archangel only, as appears by a certain 
Rental thence made and renewed, produced and examined at the time of making 
the Account. And of 13s. 4d. of rent of assise of certain lands and meadows 
called Erode Marshe, in the occupation of Lord Dacres, payable yearly on the 
same term. And of 2s. of rent of assise of six acres of land at Paddi(h(>, 
formerly in the occupation of John Guttler, now in the occupation of Francis 
Dawtre, knight, payable yearly on the .same term. And of lis. of rent of 
assise of certain lands and meadows called Whittons, in the occupation of Wil- 
liam Brent, paj-able yearlj' on the same temi. And of 5s. of rent of assise (jf 
certain lands and meadows formerly in the occupation of William Rengbrue, 

M 2 


now in the occupation of Jolin Broyne, Esquire, payable yearly on tlie same 
term. And of 13s. 4d. of rent of assise of certain lands and meadows in the 
occupation of Edward Hanis, gentleman, payable yearly on the same term. 
And of 7s. of rent of assise of certain lands and meadows called Galruge, in 
the occupation of Thomas Hynckpen, Esquire, payable yearly on the same 
term. And of 8s. of rent of assise of certain lands and meadows called Alwarde, 
in the occupation of John Eyer, payable yearly on the same term. And of 5s. 
of rent of assise of certain lands and meadows called Worsetters in the occu- 
pation of Robert Blake, payable yearly on the same term. And of 6s. of rent 
of assise of certain lands and meadows formerly in the occupation of John 
Schort, now in the occupation of George Scheperd, payable yearly on the same 
term. And of 28. 6d. of rent of assise of two messuages in the occiipation of 
John Kebell, son and heir of George Kebell, payable yearly on the same term. 
Of any profit arising from the price of one pound of pepper of rent of assise of 
a piece of groimd in the same place, in the occupation of John Kebell, gentle- 
man, he renders no account, because it was delivered to the Auditor as pertain- 
ing to his office. But he renders account of 14d. of rent of assise of two closes 
at the end of the village of Broughton aforesaid, in the occupation of the afore- 
said John Kebell, payable yearly on the same term. And of 3s. of rent of 
assise of certain lands and meadows called Grenis, in the occupation of John 
Mersche, payable yearly on the same term. And of lis. 2d. of rent of assise of 
a tenement and certain lands in the occupation of the aforesaid John Mersche, 
payable yearly on the same term. And of 8s. of rent of assise of a cottage in 
Mascalle in the occupation of John Regat, payable yearly on the same term. 
And of 6d. of rent of assise of certain lands formerly in the occupation of 
Henry Clarke, now in the occupation of the heirs of John Masey, payable yearly 
on the same term. And of 12d. of rent of assise of a cottage called the Priest's 
House, in the occupation of the Rector of the church of Broughton aforesaid, 
payable annually on the same term. Anti of 8s. of rent of assise of a meadow 
called Spirewell, otherwise Chawlewell, late in the occupation of the Prior and 
Convent of Motissont, now in the occupation of John Sandis, Lord Sandis, 
payable yearly on the same term. 113s. 6d. Exd. 

Customary Rents of Tenants there. 
And of 37s. 8d. of customary rent of a messuage, two virgates and a half 
of land, and of a bam and thirty acres of land with the appurtenances, in 
Broughton aforesaid : also of a cottage there near Tymber's Crosse, in the 
occupation of Robert Ockeboume, by copy of Court Roll, to be held to himself; 
Matilda his wife, and Edward their son, for the term of the life of the one of 



tliera living the longest, payable in cqnal portions on the usual tornis there. 
And of 16s. of customary rent of the .'sauio pasture called Blackmore, near 
East TjTiderley, in the occupation of the sanao Robert Ockbourno and of 
Edward his son, for the term of the life of cither of them living the longest, 
payable yearly on the same terms. And of Gs. of customary rent of two closes 
called Plancstonis, in the occupation of Robert Harris and of Alice his wife, 
for the term of their life payable yearly on the same terms. And of 16s. 8d. of 
customary rent of a tenement and one virgate of land, with the appurtenances, 
in the occupation of Henry Goddard for the term of his life, payable yearly on 
the same terms. And of 10s. lOd. of customary rent of a messuage, and one 
virgate of land with their appurtenances, in the occupation of Margery Abbot, 
^vidow, payable yearly on the same terms. And of 12s. of customary rent of a 
messuage and one virgate of land, in Broughton aforesaid, and of certain lands 
and pastures in Tyderley called Chepencrofte, in the occupation of Henry 
Acton for the term of his life, payable yearly on the same terms. And of 8s. 
of customary rent of a messuage and one virgate of land, with their appurte- 
nances, in the occupation of Richard Acton, Johanna his wife, and John their 
son, for the term of the life of either of them living the longest, annually at 
the same terms. And of 5s. of customary rent of three closes of meadow at 
Forde, namely, Blakemore, Habtathe, and Eastleese, with their appurtenances, 
in the occupation of John Lote for the term of his life, payable yearly on the 
same terms. And of 15s. of customary rent of a messuage, one virgate of land 
and two closes called Bowers and Bonnye, in the occupation of Elizabeth Smith 
for the term of her life, of Robert Mesche and Richard Philipp, sons of the 
same Elizabeth, payable yearly at the same terms. And of 5s. 8d. of cus- 
tomary rent of a messuage and half a virgate of land with the appurtenances 
in the occupation of Robert Coper, junior, for the tenn of his life, payable 
yearly at the same terms. And of 40s. of customary rent of a messuage with 
two virgates of land pertaining to the same messuage, in the occupation of 
John Sabb for the term of the life of himself and of Henry his eldest son, pay- 
able yearly at the same terms. And of 10s. of customary rent of one virgate 
of land with a close and a meadow called Pitlands, near Brodelane, in occupation 
of John Schayland, for the term of his life, payable yearly at the same terms. 
And of 8s, of customary rent of a close and a virgate of land in the occupation 
of Margery Coper, widow, payable yearly at the same terms. And of 7s. of 
customary rent of the closes called the Frithe, situated in the parish of 
Motissount, late in the occupation of Richard Purdell, and formerly of Richard 
Bassef, now in the occupation of William Purdell, son of the aforesaid Richard 


Purdell, for the term of his life, payable at the same terms. Sum £9 17s. lOd. 

Rents of Tenants at the Lord's will. 

And of 20s. of rent of a meadow called Ockeley, now in the occupation of 
Kathei-ineWellis, widow, at the lord's will, payable in equal portions at the 
Feasts of St. Michael the Archangel, and of the Annunciation of Blessed Mary 
the Virgin. And of 3s. 4d. of rent of a cottage called Smytho's Forge, in the 
occupation of John Molde at the lord's will, payable yearly on the same terms. 
And of 16s. of rent of one virgate of land in the occupation of Richard Loppe 
at the lord's will, payable yearly on the same terms. And of 12s. 7d. of rent 
of two closes called Sutheleese and Vatercombe, in the occupation of Robert 
Ockbome at the lord's will, payable yearly on the same terms. And of 2s. of rent 
of a close called Gosemore in the occupation of Augustine Whithed, at the lord' s 
will, payable yearly on the same terms. And of 26s. 8d. of rent of certain 
lands and pastui-es called Overton Lesse in the occupation of John Weldon at 
the lord's will, payable yearly on the same terms. And of 5s. of rent of a pas- 
ture called Wintersdowne in the occupation of aU tenants there at the lord's 
wiU, payable yearly at the term of St. Michael Archangel only. Sum, £4 5s. 7d. 

Farm of the Manor. 

And of £6 of the farm of the site of the manor of Broughton aforesaid, 
with all the arable lands, meadows, grazings, pastures, underwood, and other 
their appurtenances, (except wards, marritages, reliefs,* eschaets, fines, liberties, 
franchises, pannagesf, and all perquisites of courts, views of frank-pledge, and 
two principal chambers with stable for horses, reserved to the said late Master 
and his successors), so together let to Robert Ockbome by indenture dated 
December 1st, 14 Henry viii. for the term of forty years, rendering thence 
annually to the aforesaid John Incent, his successors and assigns, £6, at the 
feasts of the Annunciation of Blessed Mary the Virgin, and of St. INIichael the 
Archangel, by equal portions. And the said Robert agrees that he himself and 
his assigns, at their own proper charges and expenses, shall find for the afore- 
said John Incent and his steward, with all their attendants for the time being, 
as well straw, hay, and horses' provisions, as food and drink ; also all other 
necessaries so often and whenever it shall happen that any Court shall be held 
there : and the said Robert and his assigns shall collect all the rent of the 
tenants of the manor aforesaid, with all stray beasts, amercements, frues, and 
perquisites of Courts, and shall render a proper account and payment thereof 

* Reliefs — fines paid by the heir at a tenant's death. 
t Pannages — waste of hedges, &c. 


auuually to the iifores-.iiii John Inct^nt and his suocossors, twice a year at tho 
court to be lield there, during the term aforesaid. And the same Robert shall 
well and sufficiently repair, sustain, and maintain all and every kind of repairs 
pertaining or belonging to the same manor, and so, in tho end of his term, all 
these, thus well and sufficiently made and repaired, shall quit in tho same state 
as he had received them, or in a better state. And the same Robert and his 
assigns shall have and receive in the woods and underwoods pertaining to the 
site of the manor aforesaid, sufficient timber for the repairs of the house and 
hedges, and for fires, ploughs, and carts, by the delivery and assignment of tho 
aforesaid John Incent and his successors, or of their deputies on this behalf, 
during the term aforesaid, as is more fully contained in the said indentures, 
namely, for the said two terms falling within the time of this Account, in this 
the nineteenth year of his tenancy. And of 46s. 8d. of the farm of all those pas- 
tares there called Fronchemore, Fulsey, Fyshweres, and Frenchemore Comles, 
within the parish of West Cudderly aforesaid, so together let to John Tyler 
and his assigns by indenture, dated May 3rd, 2o Henry viii, for the term of 
24 years, rendering thence annually 46s. 8d. in equal portions on the Feasts 
of the Annunciation of Blessed Mary the Virgin, and of St. Michael the Arch- 
angel. And the aforesaid John Tyler, that he, his executors and assigns, 
occupying the aforesaid pastures, shall make suits of Court twice a year in the 
Manor of Broughton aforesaid : and further he agrees, that he and his assigns 
shall repair, sustain, and maintain all the hedges and ditches of the said pas- 
tui'cs at their own proper costs and expences, during the term aforesaid, and s( , 
in the end of the aforesaid term, the said pastures, well and sufficiently repaired , 
shall surrender. And the aforesaid John Tyler agrees, neither he himself nor 
his assigns shall cut or carry wood or underwood there gro%viug, without spcciiil 
license of the said Master or his successors, during the aforesaid term, as is 
more fuUy contained in the same Indentures : viz., for the said two tonus 
falling within the time of this computation, in the seventh year of his Tonii. 

Sum, £8 6s. 8d. 

Perquisites of Courts. 

And he renders account of 20s. of perquisit<^!; of Courts held within tho 
time of this Computation ; namely of certain rents payable annually, by the te- 
nants of the aforesaid manor, at two views of frank-pledge held there every 
year, viz., from rents of this kind for two views of frank-pledge happening 
there within the time of tliis Computaiion. Of any profit arising from amerce- 
ments and other casualties appertaining to the said Court, he renders no 
account, because no Courts liavo bcLai ln.'ld there this year by the l\v ualli of 
the said Computer. Sum, 20s. 


Rents of Assise in Froddington. 
13ut he renders account of 4s. of rents of Assise of certain lands lately per- 
taining to the late Abbot of Tychefyld, in the occupation of Thomas Wriothcslcy , 
knight, payable yearly on the term of St. Michael the Archangel, as appears 
by a certain rental thereof made and renewed, produced and examined at the 
time of jTiaking this Computation. Sum, 4s. 

Rents customary of Tenants there. 

And of 13s. 4d. of customary rent of a messuage and certain lands and 
pastures, with appurtenances called Feldershe lande, lying on the west side of 
the street called Feldershe lane, late in the occupation of Milo Gamett, with 
common of pasture of Portisdowne belonging to the aforesaid lands and pas- 
tures, now in the occupation of John Darbye by copy of Court, payable yearly, 
at the Feasts of the Annunciation of Blessed Mary the Virgin, and of St. Mi- 
chael the Archangel, in equal portions. And of 5s. of customary rent of two 
cottages and four acres of land formerly in the occupation of Robert Warner 
and of another acre of land, lying in Suthfeld (Southfield) in two hills in 
the same field, lately purchased by John Incent, Master of the same Hospital, 
now in the occupation of Thomas Atwood, by copy of Court, payable 
yearly at the same terms. And of 34s. lOd. of customary rent of a messuage 
and garden adjoining, and of two virgates of land formerly in the occupation 
of Richard West, and of a messuage and a virgate of land lately in the occu- 
pation of William Dewke, now in the occupation of John Pynne, by copy of 
Court, payable yearly at the same times. And of 21s. 4d. of customary rent of 
two cottages, with their appurtenances, lately in the occupation of Richard 
Stubber, and of a \argate of land with its appurtenances called AVade, and of a 
garden formerly in the occupation of Robert Gylam, now in the occupation 
of Thomas Turner, by copy of Court, payable yearly at the same terms. And 
of 6s. 8d. of customaiy rent of a cottage containing five acres of land lately in 
the occupation of John Milbye, now in the occupation of Thomas Turner, by 
copy of court, payable yearly at the same terms. And of 27s. 4d. of customary 
rent of a messuage and three virgates of land with the appurtenances iu Frod- 
ington aforesaid, and of a croft lately in the occupation of John Palmer, now 
in the occupation of Thomas Palmer by copy of Com-t-roll, payable yearly at 
the same terms. And of 13s. 4d. of customary rent of two cottages and a croft 
adjoining, and of certain lands , containing by estimate ten acres of land, late 
in the occupation of Richard Bull, now in the occupation of John Hereley by 
copy of Court, payable yenrly at the snme tonus. And of 39s. Gd. of customary 


rent of two cottages with their appurtenances formerly in the occupation of 
Richard Merer, and of a cottage with its appurtenances late in the occupation 
of John Meldye, and a virgate of land with its appurtenances formerly in the 
occupation of John Gemiyn, and a cottage with its appiu-tenances late in tho 
occupation of Stephen Closche, now in the occupation of William Pciyn hy 
copy of Court, payable yearly at the same terms. And of 23s. 8^d., of custom- 
ary rent of a messuage with its appurtenances formerly in the occupation of 
William Pynnyng, and of divers land called Hoggisland, and two cottages with 
their appurtenances lately in the occupation of John Lede, now in the occupa- 
tion of John Tudson by copy of Court, payable yearly at the same terms. And 
of lis. lOd. of customary rent of a tenement and a virgate of land with a garden 
adjoining and their appurtenances, late in tho occupation of Richard Mandall, 
now in the occupation of William Fawconer, by copy of Court, payable yearly at 
the same terms. And of 23s. 8id. of customary rent of a messuage and a vir- 
gate of land called Fychette, and of a toft of a messuage and a virgate of land 
called Dabyes, with their appurtenances, in tho occupation of John Chatton, 
Esquire, payable yearly at the same terms. And of 10s. 9d. of customary rent 
of a messuage and a virgate of land with the appurtenances, late in the occupa- 
tion of Anne Hogfyld, now in the occupation of John Harewood, otherwise 
Hogfylde, by copy of Court, payable yearly at the same terms. And of 7s. of 
customary rent of a tenement and seven acres of land, late in the occupation of 
Thomas Crowe, foi-merly in the occupation of John Willisman, by copy of court 
payable yearly at the same terms. And of 9s. of customary rent of a cottage and 
and two acres of land and a croft, and five acres of land with a garden in Bock- 
land, in the occupation of Edmund Stubberet, by copy of Court, payable yearly 
at the same terms . And of 9s. of customary rent of a close called Ruschep- 
lantimore, lying near Northdowne, in the occupation of James Benstede, by copy 
of Court, payable yearly at the same terms. Sum, £12 17s. 8|d. 

And of £18 8s. of the farm of the site of the manor of Frodyngton afore- 
said with all the demesne lands, arable and pasture, pertaining to the same site 
of the manor, in as ample mode and form as a certain Heniy Bickeley lately 
held the same site, lands, and pastures, excepting the rents of the tenants there, 
the perquisites of the courts, the heriot fines, and all other rents pertaining to 
the same, together with the Hall, parlour, chamber, stable, and dovecot, wholly 
reserved to the said Master and to his successors, with free entrance and egress 
to and from tho premises, so together let to James Bcnested by Indcntui'o dated 
July 25th, 31 Henry viii., for the term of 41 years, paying rent thereof yearly 


£18 sterling, at the Feasts of the Nativity of our Lord, the Annunciation of 
Blessed Mary the Virgin, the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, and of St. Mi- 
chael tlie Archangel, in equal portions, and rendering yearly three quarters and 
a half of oats and a cart load of straw, when he should be required to do so by 
the said Master aad his successors during the term aforesaid. And the afore- 
said James Benestod covenajits that he will well and sufSeiently repair, sustain 
and maintain, during the aforesaid term at his own proper charges and expenses, 
all the necessai-ies pertaining or belonging to the same manors, houses and 
barns, with the hedges and walls, (excepting only large timber and roofings of 
houses, with stones, at the costs and charges of the aforesaid John lucent and 
his successors during the term aforesaid.) And further the same James and 
his assigns shall have and receive, in whatever woods and underwoods belung 
to the site of the aforesaid manor, sufficient housebote,* ploughbote, cartbote, 
hedgebote and foldbote, by the delivery and assignment of the aforesaid John 
Incent and his successors during the aforesaid term, as is more fully contained 
in the said indentures : namely, as well for the said rent of £18 above,, payable 
yearly at the aforesaid terms, reserved, as from and for the price of the three 
quarters and a half of oats, 7s., and the said cart load of straw, 12d., owing for 
the entire year, ending at the feast of St. Michael the Archangel falling within 
the time of this Account, as above, in this the first year of his term. Of any 
profit arising from the farm of the Hall, parlour, chamber or dovecot aforesaid, 
above reserved, he renders no account in this year, because no one has wished 
to rent them during the aforesaid time. Sum, £18 8s. Od. 

Yearly Times for License to appoint Under Tenants. 

And of 12d. from John Tudson, for the annual fine for license to have 
under-tenants, payable yearly in equal portions at the terms of the Annuncia- 
tion of Blessed Mary the Virgin, and of St. Michael the Archangel, as appears 
by the B,ental thereof made, produced and examined at the time of making this 
Accoimt. And of 12d. from Edward Stubber, for a similar fine and license to 
have under tenants, payable yearly in equal portions at the same terms, as ap- 
pears by the same Rental. 

Perquisites of Courts. 

Of any profit arising from the perquisites of Courts held there this year, 
he renders no account, because no Courts wei'e held there during the whole 
time of this Account, by the oath of the Computer. 

• These terms signify all wood required for domestic purposes, and for making and 
repairing ploughs, carts, hedges and folds. 


Rents of Assise of Free Tenants in Burwtll. 

But lie renders account of 4s. of rents of assise of certain lands and pas- 
tures there called Ruschemore in tlie occupation of Anthony Ponde, esquire, 
l^ayable yearly at the term of St. Michael the Archangel, only, as appears by a 
certain Rental thereof, made and renewed, produced and examined at the time 
of making this Account. And of -is. 3d., of the rent of assise of certain lands 
in the occupation of John Cossyn, payable yearly at the same term. And of 
22|d. of the rent of assise of certain lands in the occupation of Agnes Flette, 
widow, payable yearly at the same term. And of 2d. from the same widow 
Agnes from and for the relief of suits of Court, payable yearly at the same 
term. And of 10s. of rent of assise of certain lands in the occupation of Rich- 
ard Bensted, payable yearly at the same term. Sum 20s. Id. 

Rents of Assise of Free Tenants in Kingston. 

And of 6d. of rent of assise of a messuage and garden adjoining the same, 
in the occupation of Robert Gay, payable yearly at the term of St. Michael 
the Archangel only, as appears by a certain Rental thereof made and renewed, 
produced and examined with regard to this Account. And of lOd. from the 
rent of assise of certain lands called Cosschins landes, in the occupation of 
William Hesberd, payable yearly at the same term. And of LSd. from the rent 
of assise of certain lands and pasturages called Robbert, in the occupation of 
Thomas Carpenter, payable yearly at the same term. And of 12d. from the 
rent of assise of a tenement in the occupation of John Balcheffe, payable 
yearly at the same term. And of 4d. from the rent of assise of certain lands 
and pasturages called Little Hoggercroft, in the occupation of Robert White, 
Esquire, payable yearly at the same term. And of 2|d. from the rent of assise 
of a messuage and certain lands in the occupation of Thomas Turner, payable 
yearly at the same term. And of 8d. from the rent of assise of certain lands 
and pasturages called Doggecrofte, in the occupation of the aforesaid Thomas 
Carpenter, payable yearly at the same time. Sum, 4s. 9|d. 

And of 58s. from the farm of two tenements there, with 21 acres of land, 
lying in Dockefeld, and of 8 acres and a half of land lying in Marfeld and Mete- 
feld, 13 acres of land lying in Biston Feld, with a certain late pool called the 
' grete lacke,' containing by estimation ten acres of land, and a little close called 
Goddishouseclosse, so together let to Thomas Carpenter, by Indentures dated 
October 2nd, 27 Hen. viii., for the term of 31 years, rendering thence yearly 
58s. at the Feasts of the Annunciation of Blessed Mary the Virgin, and of 


St. Michael the Archangel, in equal portions. And the aforesaid Thomas Car- 
penter and his assigns, at their o\vn proper charges and expenses, will well and 
sufficiently repair, sustain, and maintain all the aforesaid tenements, lands, and 
closes, with the hedges, and will vacate them at the end of their term thus well 
and sufficiently repaired, as is more fully contained in the said Indentures ; 
namely for the said two terms falling within the time of this Account, in this 
fifth year of his term. And of 22s. 6d. from the farm of 28 acres of arahle 
land lying in the liberty of Portsmouth aforesaid, let to John Butler, by Inden- 
ture dated April 16, 26 Henry viii., for the term of 15 years, rendering thence 
yearly 22s. 6d., in equal portions at the Feasts of the Annunciation of Blessed 
Mary the Virgin, and of St. Michael the Archangel. And the same John and 
his assigns shall well and sufficiently repair, sustain, and maintain all the 
hedges and ditches of every kind pertaining to the same lands, and at the end 
of his Term shall vacate them thus well and sufficiently repaired. And further 
the said John and his executors shall have yearlj', during the aforesaid tenn, the 
last crop of the meadow called Goddishouse, made from the 15th day after the 
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel annually until the Feast of Blessed Mary 
the Virgin ; and similarly the said John shall have and carry off all the manure 
in Goddishouse aforesaid, during the said Term, as is more fully contained in 
the same Indentures : namely, for the said two terms falling within the time of 
this Account, in the 7th year of his Term. Sum, £4 Os. 6d. 

Perquisites of Courts. 

Of any profits arising from the perquisites of Courts held there this year, 
he renders no account, because no Courts have been held there during the 
whole time of this Account, by the oath of the Computer. Sam, Nil. 


But he renders account of 10s. from the rent of a tenement there with a 
garden, adjoining in the occupation of James Michel at the loi-d's will, payable 
in equal portions at the Feasts of the Annunciation of Blessed Mary the Vir- 
gin, and St. Michael the Archangel. And of 8s. from the rent of a tenement 
in the occupation of Leonard Colman at the lord's wiU, payable yearly at the 
same terms. And of 2s. from the rent of certain lands at Kinghall Grene, 
called Morecrof te, in the occupation of Thomas Yonge, at the will of the lord, 
payable yearly at the same terms. And of 10s. from the rent of a tenement in 
High Street near the church, called the Steyers, with a garden towards the 
same chiirch, in the occupation of AVilliam Goslinge at the lord's will, payable 
yearly at the same terms. And of 4d. from the rent of a certain parcel of laud 


in the oocupation of Robert Lyndon, at the lord's will, payable yearly at the 
same terms. And of 8s. from the rent of a tenement called Angulare Tene- 
ment, in the occupation of Alice Schamber, widow, at the lord's will, payable 
yearly at the same tonus. And of 8d. from the rent of a garden lately in the 
occupation of Master Palsched, now in the occupation of John Chattcrton, 
Esquire, at the lord's will, payable yearly in the same terms. And of 18d. 
from the rent of a certain piece of land in Goddishouso greue, near the Angu- 
lare Tenement, upon which was foi'morly a tenement called Oxalles, in 
the occupation of a tenant at the lord's will, payable yearly at the same 
terms. Sura 40s. 6d. 

And of 53s. 4d. from the farm of a -windmill there, with all the tolls of 
grains and its other appurtenances, pertaining or belonging to the same mill, 
so together let to John Golde, by indenture dated October 10, 24 Henry viii. 
for the term of 10 years, rendering thence yearly 53s. 4d. in equal portions, at 
the feasts of the Annunciation of Blessed Mary the Virgin, and of St. Michael 
the Archangel. And the said John and his assigns, at their own proper charges 
and expenses, will repair, sustain, and maintain all the reparations of every 
kind of the said mill, as weU in wood, and iron, and brass work, as in all other 
necessaries whatsoever pertaining to the same time, dming the term aforesaid ; 
and so at the end of his tenu will vacate it well and sufficiently repaired, as is 
more fully contained in the said ludentui-es : namely, for the said two terms 
falling within the time of this Account, in the eighth year of his Term. Of 
any sums of money received by the same Computer this year, from and for the 
site of the late Hospital aforesaid, with the gardens, lands, and soil, existing 
within the precincts of the same late house, containing among themselves one 
acre and a half of land ; — or from a small parcel of land, on the south side of 
the said late house, called Godishouse Churchyard, containing 4 perches in 
length and as many in breadth ; — or from an acre of meadow adjoining the said 
house, lately in the hands and proper occupation of the Master of the said late 
Hospital, during the time of the aforesaid Computer, he renders no Account : — 
because the said site, lands, and other premises, during the same time were not 
let, but were occupied by the late Master, Brothers, and Sisters of the aforesaid 
late Hospital. Sum, 53s. 4d. 

Isle of Wight. 

But he renders account of 6s. 8d. from the customary rents of a messuage 
and 20 acres of land, there in the occupation of Thomas Lacy by copy of Comtj 
payable yearly in equal portions, at the feasts of the Annunciation of Blessed 


Mary the Virgin and of St. Micliael the Archangel. And of 6s. of customary 
rent of certain lands called [ ? ] in the occupation of John Forest, by 
copy of Court, payable yearly at the same terms. And of 16s. of customary 
rent of a messuage in Broke, and twenty eight acres of arable land, and of two 
buttes of meadow in the occupation of John Dewgard, by copy of Court, payable 
yearly at the same terras. And of lOs. of customary rent of a messuage and 14 
acres of arable land, and 4 buttes of meadow, in the occupation of Thomas 
Leper, by copy of Coui-t, payable yearly at the same terms. And of 23s. 4d. of 
customary rent of a messuage with a courtyard and five crofts of arable land, 
containing between them 40 acres of land, and 30 acres of land late in the occu- 
pation of WiUiam [ ? ] by copy of Court, now in the occupation of [ P ], 
payable yearly at the same terms. Sum, 77s. 8d. 

Manor of Stedeham. 

Of any sums of money received, by the said Receiver to the use of the 
King's Majesty, from the issues or profits of the aforesaid manor, during the 
whole time of this Computation, he renders no account, because the said manor of 
Stedeham, with all and singular its right, and the whole of the appurtenances, 
is annexed and boimd to the honor of Petworth of the same lord the King, and 
the issues and profits of the same manor are rendered to the said lord the King 
by Geoffrey Chamber, Receiver of the same lord the King, of his honor afore- 
said. Sum, Nil. 

Sum total received £74. 12s. 2d. 

Exoneration of Rents. — From which. 
The same Computer, in exoneration or allowance made in the said compu- 
tation of and for the moiety of £76 16s. 9id. from part of the issues, rents, re- 
venues, and profits of the possessions pertaining to the said late Hospital, owing 
at the Feast of the Annunciation of Blessed Mary the Virgin in the 30th year 
of the King aforesaid, falling within the time of this Computation, because the 
said late Master of the same late Hospital, received and had all the issues, rents, 
revenues, and profits aforesaid, owing to the late Hospital at the said Feast of 
the Annunciation of Blessed Mary the Virgin, happening before the dissolution 
of the said late hospital, for the use, and sustontation, and for the expenses of 
same Hospital, the brothers and sisters there, from the recognizance of the same 
Master : and so in such exoneration this year £33 8s. 45d. Sum, £33 8s 4f d. 

Defect of Rents. 
And in defect of rent of a tenement with a garden adjacent, in Portes- 
mouth, late in the occupation of James MicliiU, at 10s. a year, remaining in the 


hands of the lord the King, for want of a tenant durinj^ the whole time of this 
Computation, by the oath of the said Compiiter, os. And in defect of rent of 
another tenement, there late in the occupation of Leonard Colman, at 8s. a year, 
remaining in the hands of the said lord the King, for want of a tenant during 
the same time, 4s. And in defect of rent of a toft or piece of land in Godis- 
housegrene near the Anguler Tenement, called Yoxhalle, late in the occupation 
of [ ? ] at I8d. a year, remaining in the hands of the same lord the King 
from the same cause, diu-ing the said time, 9d. Sum, 9s. 9J. 

Fees and Stipends. 
And in foe or stipend of the said Computer, as special Receiver of all the 
possessions aforesaid, at 53s. 4d. a year : namely, in allowance of such fee or 
stipend for the half-year ending at the feast of St. Michael the Archangel, in 
the said 32nd year of the King aforesaid, 26s. 8d. And in fee of John Wyn- 
treshuU, Esquire, steward of all the domains, manors, lands, and tenements 
belonging to the said late Hospital, by the writing of John Incent, doctor of 
laws. Master of the late Hospital aforesaid, and the brothers and sisters of the 
same place, dated under their common seal on the 12th day of August, 
26 Henry viii. aforesaid, thereof made to himself dui'ing his life, with a certain 
annuity or annual rent' of 40s. for the exercise and occupation of the aforesaid 
office, to be received annually at the feasts of the Annunciation of Blessed 
Mary the Virgin, and of St. Michael the Archangel, by the hands of the Re- 
ceivers, Bailiffs, Fanners, and other ofiBcers of the domains, manors, lands and 
tenements aforesaid, to be paid every year during the life of the same John 
Wintreshull, with clause of distraint in the manor of Broughton for the non- 
payment of the annuity aforesaid, as is more fully contained in the said writing, 
namely, in the allowance of such fee for the half-year ending at the feast of 
St. Michael the Archangel, in the said 32nd year of the King aforesaid, 20s. 
And in fee of Henry Acton, Woodward of all the woods of the manor of 
Broughton, at 3s. 4d. a year ; namely in allowance of such fee for the aforesaid 
time, 20d. And in stipend of [ ? ] Reaper of Broughton aforesaid, at 3s. 4d. a 
year ; namely in allowance of such fee for the time aforesaid, 20d. And in 
stipend of John Woode, clerk, chaplain of the said Hospital, engaged to celebrate 
divine service and to administer the sacraments within the chapel or church 
there, at £6 13s. 4d. a year ; namely in allowance of such stipend for the half- 
year ending at the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel in the said year, the 
32nd of the King aforesaid, 66s. 8d. Sum, 116s. 8d. 

Payments to the Poor, with their diets. 
And in monies paid by John Incent, clerk, doctor of laws, to twelve 


brothers and sisters of the said hospital, for their diet, from the 27th day of 
March, 31 Hen. viii. to the 11th day of September, 32nd year of the same King-, 
namely during the period of 24 weeks, at the rate of 7d. per week for each of 
such brothers and sisters, as more fully appears in a certain bill thereof made 
by the said John Incent, rendered at the time of making this Computation £8 8s. 
And in similar monies paid by the said late Master to the same brothers and 
sisters for their stipends, namely to each of them for every quarter of a year 
3s. 4d. ; that is to say, in such allowance for the quarter of a year ending at the 
Feast of the Nativity of St. John the Baptist, in the said 32nd year of the afore- 
said King, 40s. And in similar monies paid by the said Computer to the 
aforesaid brothers and sisters for their diet, from the said 11th day of September, 
in the said 32nd year of the King aforesaid exclusive, to the Feast of St.Michael 
the Archangel thence next following inclusive, namely for 18 days, at the rate 
of Id. a day for each of them, 18s. And in similar monies, paid by the same 
Computer to the same brothers and sisters for their stipends, due for the quarter 
of a year ending at the said Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, in the said 32nd 
year of the King aforesaid, at the rate of 3s. 4d. for each of them, 40s. 
Sum, £13 6s. 

Cost of necessaries. 
And in monies paid by the same Computer for wax candles, bought for the 
altar of the chui'ch or chapel of the Hospital aforesaid, during the time of the 
Computation aforesaid, 12d. And in costs and charges of the aforesaid Roger 
Tychebome so superintending the domains and manors aforesaid, and renewing 
the rentals of the same domains and manors, and paying the aforesaid stipends 
and diets of the poor, as aforesaid, for the space of three weeks, together with 
13s. 4d. for the crating of the said rentals from the valuation of the oificers of 
the lord the King, 51s. lid. And in stipend of the Auditor's clerk WTiting 
this Computation, 6s. 8d. Sum, 59s. 7d. 

Deliveries of monies. 

And in monies delivered by the said Computer to Richard Poulet, Esquire, 
Receiver of the lord the King of the Augmentations of the revenues of the 
Crown of the same lord the King, in the county of Southampton, from the 
issues of his office for this year, from the recognition or bill of the same Re- 
ceiver before the Auditor, £14 8s. 3id. Sum, £14 8s. S^d. 

Sum of all the allowances and deliveries aforesaid £70 8s. 8d. 
And duo £i 3s. 6d. 


Henry Bickcley, late Mayor of Portcsmouth, from and for such sums of 
money received by him from James Bensted, the farmer of Frodyngton, for a 
certain rent issuing from lands and tenements, lying within the liberty of 
Fortcsmouth, parcel of the possessions of the said late Hospital, towards the pay- 
ment of the fee farm of the same town, as more fully appears by a bill of the 
same Henry, dated 14 October, for the year ending at the Feast of St. Michael 
the Archangel, in the said 32nd year of the King afoi-esaid, signed and renewed 
in the same year by his own hand. 54s. 2d. 

Thomas Lord Sandes, from and for the rent of assise of certain of his lands 
called Spirewell, otherwise Chalwel, in Broughton, in the right of the late 
Priory of Mottessonte, being this year in arrears, and not paid. 8s. 

John Kobull of Tuderley, gentleman, from and for such sums of money 
received by him from the farm of certain lands called Overton leases, parcel of 
the manor of Broughton aforesaid, due for the half-year ending at the Feast of 
St. Michael the Archangel, in the said 32nd year of the King aforesaid. 13s. 4d. 

Anthony Ponde, Esquire, from and for the rent of assise of certain lands 
and pastures called Rashmere in Hamuldon aforesaid, being this year in arrears 
and not paid. 4s. 

Thomas "Wriothisley, Knight, from and for the rent of assise of his lands 
in Frodd ington, in the right of the late monastery of Tichefelde, this year being 
in arrear, and not paid. 4s. 

Valor Ecclesiasticus, Hemy viii. 

Hospital of St. Nicholas of Portysmouth. 

John Incent, now Master. 

Is worth, in the form of the lands together with other rents, as well spirit- 
ual as temporal, as appears by a certain account book, signed by the hands of 
the Commissioners of the lord the King. £79 13s. T^d. 

Reprisals (or Deductions.) 

In charitable gifts, fees, and other repayments, as appears by the said 
account book. £45 14s. 2d. 

And remains worth £33 19s. 5Jd. 

Tenths thereof " 67s. lip. 




The foUowiug notes, chiefly from ' Cox's Magna Bri- 
tannia,' will be found interesting to any who may not be 
well acquainted with the suppressed ecclesiastical estab- 
lishments of Hampshire. The monasteries and orders 
noticed have been already brought before the reader by 
name : — 

St. Crosse's, near Winchester, an Hospital, founded 
by Henry Beaufort, Cardinal and Bishop of Winchester, 
half-brother of King Henry IV., who, by licence from 
King Henry YI. Reg. 21., granted to the Master and Bre- 
thren of the Hospital of the Holy Crosse, near Winchester, 
divers manors and lands, &c. to the yearly value of £500, 
for the maintainance of two chaplains, five and thirty 
poor men, and three women, to be governed by the said 
Master. The Cardinal dying before his foimdation was 
completed, King Henry VI. Reg. 33. incorporated them 
under a Rector of their own, by the name of ' The New 
Alms House of Noble Poverty', established near Winchester 
by Henry, Cardinal of England, and Bishop of Winchester, 
son of John, late Duke of Lancaster, of noble memory. 


with grant of a common seal, and power to purchase, «S:c. 
The Hospital or College of St. Jolm de fothering bridge 
was given to it, of which House the ancient custom was, 
by the first foundation, to dine a hundred poor every day, 
if so many came. 

80UTHAMPTOX, an Hospital called 'Domus Dei,' founded 
and endowed by Philippa, Queen of King Edward III., 
with divers possessions, for the maintenance of a Gus- 
tos and several poor men and women, besides some 
scholars. Gervase de Hampton, Margaret de liedvariis, 
and ]nany others, gave diverse lands, &c. to this Hospital, 
all whose gifts were I'ecited and confirmed by King Edward 
III. The patronage of this Hospital was in that King, 
who gave it to the Provost and scholars of Queen's-Hall 
in Oxford, and to their successors for ever. He also granted 
to the Gustos, scholars, brothers, and sisters of that hospital, 
and tlieir successors, the alien priory of Sherburn in the 
county of Southampton, with all its lands, &c., with this 
privilege, to be freed from all taxes and foliages for ever. 
Kichard, Duke of York, tlie father, and Richard, Earl of 
Cambridge, the grandfather of that King, are in the said 
grant alleged to be buried in this Hospital. 

Basingstoke, an Hospital, founded by King Henry in. 
ad sustentationem Ministiorum Altaris Ghristi, i.e., for 
the maintenance of the Ministers that serve at the altar 
of Christ. 

QuARRER or QuARRERA, an Abbey of Cistercian 
Monks, built and endowed, by Baldwin de Rivers, Earl of 
Devon. Richard, Earl of Exeter, son of Baldwin, con- 
firmed to God, the Holy Virgin, and Gaufridus, Ablxjtof 
Savigny, (to which Abbey it was made a cell) this house 
and divers lands and revenues given by his father, adding 
others to pray for the souls of his father and mother. 
Henry Fitz-Empresse, who writ himself Son of the Duke 
of Normandy, and Earl of Anjou, Engelgerius de Bohun, 
and William de Vernon, Earl of Devon, were benefactors 
to this house. 


SuTiiWYK or SoUTinviCK, a Monastery of Canons Eegular 
of St. Augustine, founded and endowed with divers lands Ly 
King Henry I., who granted them not only a freedom from 
taxes and all other exactions, hut all sorts of liberties ; as 
not to he impleaded for any matter, hut in the presence of 
himself, or his heirs, &c. The manor and parsonage oi 
Southampton, valued at £60 15s. Id., besides the salary of 
£6 13s. 4d. paid out of it yearly to the curate, belonged 
to it, and was, after the dissolution, exchanged with the 
Lord Cliancellor, Sir Thomas Wriothesley, by King Henry 
VIII. Eeg. 38. for other lands. 

Tychefeld or Titchfield, an Abbey of Monks, called 
Pra3monstratentes, founded by Peter de Eupibus, Bishop of 
Winchester, upon the manor of Tychefeld, by the grant of 
King Henry ill., to wlioni it belonged. He endowed it 
with several lands and revenues, and the King granted to 
the Monks very great liberties in the said manor and 
their lands ; as to be free from tolls, suit of forest-courts, 
la wing of dogs, &c. Eva de Clinton, Eeginald de Alba- 
mara, Baldwin de Eipariis, Lord of the Isle of Wight, 
(Gilbert de IMansel, and Peter de Sukemund were great bene- 
factors to this Abbey. This last gave certain lands in 
Ingeyenne, to hold of the chief Lord by half a knight's- 
fee, and of himself and his heirs by a pair of spurs, or 
3d. to be paid at the Feast of St. Michael. All these gifts 
were coniirmed to this house by King Edward ii. Eeg. ii. 
The Abbot of Hales-Owen in Shropshire, founded by the 
same Bishop, was the Visitor of this abbey, and John 
Powl, Abbot, visited in 1420, and took an inventory of all 
their goods and stock, Avhich is set down in the Monas- 

Canons Eegular of St. Augustine. It is unknown 
how far St. Augustine ever framed any formal guidance of 
monastic life, but a rule based on his writings was adopted 
by as many as thirty monastic fraternities ; of which one 
was that of the ' Canons Eegular of St. Augustine,' estab- 
lished about the middle of the 11th century. Their discipline 


was not so severe as that of the monk properly so called, 
but more so than that of the secular or parochial clergy. They 
wore along cassock, with a white rochet over it, all covered 
by a black cloak, whence they were often called Black 
Canons. In England, where they were established early in 
the 12th century, they had about 170 houses. 

Cistercians. An order which takes its name from 
Citeaux, (Cistercium) near Dijon, and was founded by the 
Benedictine abl)ot, Robert de Moleme, in 1098. AVithin 
little more than a century after their foundation the Cis- 
tercians possessed nearly 2000 abbeys in various parts of 
Europe. They were exceedingly strict, poverty was their 
watchword, all splendovn- in their churches was avoided, 
not even a cross could boast of silver or gold. They never 
had a cure of souls, and were known by wearing a white 
robe with a black scapulary. The number of Cistercian 
abbeys in England at the time of the general surrender 
was 75, besides 26 nunneries. Eiches and indolence 
brought this powerful order into decay. Even before the 
Reformation many of their convents had died out. 

Peemonstratensians. An order which was estab- 
lished at one time very generally throughout Germany. 
It was founded, in the early part of the 1 2th century, by 
St. Norbert, a native of Xanten. Struck by the looseness 
and carelessness of the Clergy, secular as well as regular, he 
resolved to attempt a reform. The spot chosen by him for 
his cloister was, he fancied, revealed to him, and called 
Pre Montre, or in Latin, Pratum MonstraUim ' the meadow 
pointed out,' from which the name of the order was taken. 
It was substantially that of the Canons Regular of St. 
Augustine, and aimed, by reformed rules, to return to the 
primitive fervour of the monastic institute, and above all 
things to give holy instruction to the people. Music was 
deemed a beautiful and helping handmaid of religion. 
This order spread rapidly in France, the Low Countries, 
and Germany, while it was very coldly received in Italy 
and Spain. As usual, time brousfht with it relaxation of 


discipline ; a reform was attempted which only created 
division. The order gradually fell into unpopularity, ex- 
cept in Germany, and has now almost entirely disappeared. 
In Austria, here and there, is found a thinly peopled hut 
wealthy house of Nohertines, but it is an order evidently 
fast approaching its end. 

Observantists. In the time of Leo x. the Franciscan 
Order was much disturbed by a controversy of some 
standing as to the original rule and practice laid down by 
St. Francis. The quarrel (nided in division. The less rigid 
party, uiider the name ' Conventuals,' obtained a distinct 
General, and authority for a mitigated attention to their 
rules. Their churches and convents admit greater richness 
of architecture and decoration ; and they are at liberty to 
acquii-e and retain, in the name of the order, the property 
of these and similar possessions. The stricter community, 
known as ' Observantists ' or Franciscans Strictioris Ohser- 
vantice (Ohservantes), renounced all property, adhering to 
the rigid law of poverty as laid down by St. Francis At 
the close of the last century they are said to have 
numbered above 70,000, distributed over 3000 convents, 
and they still are a very numerous and wide spread body, 
as well in Europe as in America, and in the missionary 
districts of the East. 




HE " Domus Dei " has, from the day of its surrender 
to the present moment, been connected with the 
defence and government of Portsmouth. As early as the 
first year of Edward vi. (1547) we find the " Churche at 
Goddeshouse," " the Loft in the Armory," and " the Ar- 
mory " used as storehouses for " munycions sent by the 
Lord Grete Mr. from the Towre." In the time of EHzabeth, 
the Master's House, the Hall, and Kitchen were converted 
into a fitting dwelling for the Queen's 'Captayne' or Gover- 
nor of Portsmouth, and were occupied as the Government 
House until the early part of this century. Further, there is 
every reason to believe that, from the time when Ports- 
mouth became a fortified town witli a garrison, the troops 
have always worshipped in the Church of the " Domus 
Dei." Fortifying Portsmouth is therefore closely connected 
with the preservation of the buildings of the old Hospital, 
and on that account deserves some notice in the Story of 
the " Domus Dei." 

Although Portsmouth was, when a small fishing vil- 
lage, created a Borough by Eichard i.,* it made little or no 

* The lion-hearted King embarked from Portchester for Palestine and 
landed there on his return. Hence, it is said, we find the star and crescent on 
the Borough Shield. 

184 DOM us DEI. 

progress for the next three centuries. In 1345, when 
Edward III. was raising a fleet for the invasion of France, 
while the Isle of Wight provided 13 ships and 220 men, 
Southampton 21 ships and 570 men, and Lymington 9 
ships and 158 men, Portsmouth could only send 5 ships 
and 96 men. And, just twenty two years later, although 
on the 15th day of JSIovember, in the ICth year of that 
King's reign (1343), the crown had, out of compassion &c. 
("compacientes statui hominum nostrorum vilh"e de Portes- 
mouth qui, per diversa incendia, roberias, et clestructiones 
aliegenarum hostium nostrorum diversis vicibus ibidem de 
guerra applicantium, multipliciter sunt depress!, ac volentes 
eo prastextu cum hominihus pr£edictis agere generose &c.") 
granted certain privileges to enable the inhabitants to wall* 
and fortify the town, (" in muragio et fortifacione villa?,") 
so utterly unprotected was Portsmouth, that the Nor- 
mans entered the harbour with a great force, and set 
fire to the whole town.*)- This raid appears to have called 
forth no effort to raise even a small fortification, for it was 
only in the time of Edward vi. that the " toures in the 

* " Rex omnibus ad quos, etc, salutcm. Supplicarimt nobis homines \'ill83 
de Portsmouth, ut, cum quiutodecimo die Novembris, anno regni nostri Anglias 
sextodecimo, in auxilium villse prsedictas claudendse, paviendoe, et emendanda;, 
concesserimus eisdem hominibus, quod, a predicto quintodecimo die usque ad 
finem octo annorum tunc proxime sequentimn plenarie completurum, de rebus 
venalibus ad dictam villam venientibus cei'tas consuetudines caperent, prout 
in litteris nostris patentibus eisdem hominibus inde confectis plenius conti- 
netur." The scheme turned out a failure. Within three years the inhabitants 
found that heavily taxing outsiders was in reality heavily taxing themselves, 
and besought the King to relieve them by cancelling the letters patent, and so 
doing away with the troublesome tolls. The to^vn had suil'ered severely and 
the enclosing been but little furthered — " homines et mercatores, tarn aiieni- 
gense quam indiginaj, ad villam prsedictam accedere non curanmt, sicque iideni 
homines predictte villas de Portesmuth, proficuum aliquod de hujusmodi conces- 
sione hucusque non perciperint seu percipere possent, praiterquam quadraginta 
solidos, quos circa reparacionem et emendationem clausuras dictas villa) appo- 
.suerunt ; velimus eisdem hominibus concedere, quod ipsi dictas littcras nostras 
nobis, ex causa prajdicta, restituere posse cancellandas, ita quod de collectione 
custumarum prasdictarum decetero exonerari possent." Forty shillings, equal 
to about £20 of the present time, did, we may be sure, very little towards pro- 
tecting Portsmouth. Patent Roll, 18 Edward in. pt. 2. m. 37. 

t " Normani intraverunt cum magna, potentia et miserunt in flammam 
ignis totam villam." Henry de Knyghtou. 


liaven mouth were begun." Eicliard iii. during liis short 
reign turned his attention careiully to l*ortsmoutli. lie 
" set forward " the towers begun by Edward iv, and, curi- 
ously enough, the first State Paper, telling of the appoint- 
ment of a Governor of Portsmouth, dates very soon after 
his accession to the throne. In the Ilarleian MS. 483.1 25, 
the King concedes to "William Vuedale (Uvedale) Esquire,* 
the Keepership of the castle and town of Portchestre, Portes- 
mouthe, and of the country there about ; also the super- 
vision and government of the town of Portsmouth and of 
the royal place there, as long as it shall be pleasing to the 
King ;" and in Har. MS. 433. f. 35. b. is given to " Wil- 
liam Mirfeld Thoffice of keeping of the Castelle of Port- 
chestre and of the fforeste and warren ther ; and also the 
supervisore and guuernour of the Towne of Portsmouthe, 
and of the place ther, with other ut patet in billa for terms 
of lyff". "Portsmouth was now just developing into import- 
ance. Its vast and well placed harbour was evidently 
deemed an object well worthy of government care. And 
this is supported by the facts, that in 1 500 Henry vii. 
made Portsmouth a royal dockyard, and " Henry viii., at his 
first warres into France, erected on the southe part of the 
toune IV. great brewing howses, with the implements, to 
serve his shippes at such tyme as they should go to se in 
tyme of warre." He also " ended the tourres in the haun 
mouthe, at the procuration of Fox, Bishop of Winchester."t 
Still, with all this attention, Portsmouth could in no way 
be called a fortified town, for, on the further testimony of 
Leland, we are invited to believe that the defences erected 
by Henry viii. were but of the feeblest kind : — 

" The towne of Portsmouthe is mured from the est 
tour a forough lengthe, with a mudde waulle armed with 
tymbre, whereon be great peaces of yron and brassen ordi- 
nauns ; and this peace of waulle, having a ditch without 

* He lies buried ia South wick C'huich. 
t Leland Itin. \n\. m. p. 32. 


it, niuneth so far flat south south-east, and is the place 
moste apte to defend the toun there open on the hauen. 
Ther runneth a ditch almost flat est for a space, and within 
it is a waulle of mudde like to the other, and so theus goetli 
rounde aboute the toun to the circuite of a mile. Ther 
is a gate of tymber at the north-est ende of the toun, and 
by it is cast up an hille of erthe diched, wherein be gunnes 
to defend entre into the toun by land. Ther is much va- 
cant ground wytin the toun walle. Ther is one fair streate 
in the toune from west to north est. The toun is bare 
and little occupied in tyme of peace."* 

In 1552 Edward vi., writing to his friend Barnaby Fitz 
Patrick, fully confirms Leland's description : — 

" From this we wente to Portismouth toune, and there 
viewed not only the toune itself and the hauen, l)ut also 
divers bulwarkes ; in viewing of which we find the bul- 
warkes chargeable, massie, and ramparted, but il facioned, 
il flanked, and set in unmete places ; the toune weake in 
comparison of that it ought to be ; the hauen notable 
greate, and standing by nature easie to be fortified. And, 
for the more strenoth thereof, we have devised two stronjr 
castellis on either side of the hauen, at the mouth thereof ; 
for at the mouth of the hauen is not past ten score over, and 
for a mile and a heaf hable to bear the greatest ship in 

But possibly some may think that Leland and the boy 
king+ were poor judges of defences. If so, the following 
interesting letter, addressed by the Governor of Portsmouth 
to the Privy Council, will satisfy any reasonable mind : — 

* Leland Itin. vol. iii. p. 81. 

+ Cardan, the Italian physician, who saw Edward VI. professionally in 1552, said 
that he was ' a marvellous boy ' — " monstrifictis puelhts" — and Sir James Mackintosh, 
(History, Vol. ii. p. 249) states that the journal he wrote " bears marks of an mi- 
tidnted taste and of a considerate mind." 


NO. IX. 
Sfcite Papers, Domestic, Edward VI., Vol. I. No. 19. 
The CaptajTie of Portismoutli to the CounsoU xvii February, 1546-7, 

To the ryght honorable and my syngulcr good lords, the lords of the King's 
niajisties most honorable preve counsell. Geve this with all possyble dylygence. 

It may please your honorable lordships, to be advertysyd, that, thys nyght 
at viij of the clocke within night, I did receve the kings majisties comyssyon for 
the leveing of iic. men within the sheres of Surrey, Wylyts, and Berkesher. 
And, imedyately upon the receypt thereof, I have dyspachcd my brother wt ii. 
of my household Sarvants into the same Sheres, so that, I trust, the men shalbe 
at Portsmouthe by the day apoynted in your lordships' letters, which is the 
xxviii of thys present. I do not dout but that your lordships dothe ryght well 
consydre the estate of thys Towne, and how it lyeth open, so that at a lowe 
■watfT men may cum into yt although they were xxx in rank. And also, the 
gates to the water syde ar so weke, that iiii. or fy ve good felowes with a peec of 
Tymber may lay them on the ground, and the walla, with thys frost that hathe 
byn now of late, doeth mowther away and begynnyth in dyvers places to fall 
into the dyke ; besides that the f elds adjoyning to the dytchys brynke growe 
full of bushys and fursys, vere mete to bo made playne for the suerty of the 
To-\vne, which I doubt to doo wout commandment from your lordships, which 
yf I may have shalbe shortly don. And, for settyng on c. of the iic. to worke 
as laborers, I lacke both tolys and caryage with Tymber plancks, and many 
other things wherewith I could occupy them yf I had yt, yet neverthelesse 
they shalbe doing. 

Of Mr. Captayne of the Wyght I have not yet hard any thyng towching 
the iic, whiche I shuld receve of hym, and therefore I have geven my brother 
(whom I have sent for the leveying of the men) xx£ in hys purse to be 
geven to them in prest tyll the King's Matie. money .shall cum, trustmg that 
your good lordships wyll with spede geve ordre how they shalbe payd from 
tyme to tyme. 

Here lackyth also Gonners for the grete ordenaunce, who are in nomber in 
thys Towne but XV. And here is about thys Towne xvij. pecys of brasse and 
xlviij. pecys of Iron, as thys boke can declare, which I send to your lordships 
herein enclosyd. 

The Ships with the kyng's matis. vyctueUs ar not yet gon, but ar putt 
backo agaync with the contrary wyndc. 

This after nowno thcr cam ii ships Spanyards into the Rode here, who 
Sityd that they durst not passe the Sees homward for fere of six (all ships, 

188 DOM US DEI. 

Scotts or Frencliinen ; they were in doubt whiclie they wer, that wer on the 

Southe part of the wyght within a kennyng of the land.* 

And thus, haveyng no doubt but that I wyll render unto your lordships a 

good accompt of the Kings majestis Towne here, or ells to lay my bonys 

therin, I shall always pray Almighty God to send your lordships th'encrease 

of moche honor. From Portismouth this xvj of February at xi of the clock, at 


Your lordships bowden 

Edward Vaughan. 

The anxiety of the Captain of Portsmouth to repair 
the works as the walls were " fast mowthering away," and 
his simple story, that " four or five good felowes with a pece 
of timber may lay the gates to the water side on the 
ground," make it perfectly certain that the poor guns of 
those days, however numerous, were of litte worth when 
mounted on platforms ready to fall after a few discharges. 
On the 30th November, 1585, it is reported to the Lord 
Grete INTaster, that, through the weakness of the platform, 
the gunners dare not fire a salute on the Queen's coro- 
nation day. If such was the state of things even in the 
time of Elizabeth, the use of the ' Ordynaunce,' as 
mounted on the batteries of Portsmouth and " within 
Goddeshouse " on the ICth February, 1540-7, may be easily 

NO. X. 

State Papers Domestic. Edward Vi. Vol 1, No. 20. 

Ordynaimce belonging to the Towne of Portismouthe, February IGth, 1546-7. 

In the BastyUan betwixt Mr. Rydleyes Tower and the Towne, 

upon the great platform of the Towne "Wall. 

First oone Culveryn of Brasse, wt a forlocke. 

* Within a month after the accession of Edward, it became quite certain that a 
strugiglc with Scothmd was close at hand. On the 27th of February, 1547, Sir Andrew 
Dudley was instructed to cruise off the Scottish coast, and within a fortnight he had 
captured the Scottish vessel 'Lion.' The ships spoken of as "lately victualled," and the 
active proceedings on the part of the " Captayne of Portesmouthc " are clearly move- 
ments made on account of the war about to take place with Scotland, and therefore 
possibly with France. (Ellis, " Second Series " Vol. ii p. 17.) 


Item oone Eoblo Culveryn of Brassc of Arcancs makyng 

It. oone Frencho Canon of Brassc. 

It. oone Scottisshe Doble Culveryn of Brasse. 

It. oone Saker of Brasse with a Rose and a g-artor aboute it. 

It. oone Sakcr of cast Iron of Levett's making. 

It. iiii Bumbards of Iron, witb tbeir Chambers. 

In the grene Bulwark towards the Wynd Myll hyll. 

Item a Canon of Brasse of Peter Bawde's making. 

It. a Culveiyn of Brasse of the same man's makyng with a forlocke. 

It. a Frenche Demy Canon of Brasse. 

It. a Frenche Saker of Brasse. 

It. a Demy Slyng of Iron with ii chambers. 

It. too Flanckers of Iron vnth. their iiii chambers. 

It. oone porte piece of Iron %vdth ii Chambers. 

In the new Mownt at the end of the iiij bruhouses. 

Item three Fowlers of Iron, with echo of theym oone Chamber. 

In Davy Savor's Bulwerk. 

Item ii Sakers of cast Iron of Levett's makyng. 

It. oone hole Slyng of Iron with ii Chambers. 

It. ii Flanckers of Cast Iron with their Chambers. 

In the new Bastylian at the gate. 
Item oone Saker of cast Iron of Levett's makyng. 
It. oone Fowler of Iron with a Chamber. 

Upon the Mownto at the gate. 
Item oone Saker of Brasse with the Rose and the garter abouto it. 
It. too Fawconnes of Brasse. 

It. a Demy Culveryn of cast Iron of Levett's makyng. 
It. oone quarter Slyng of Iron with ii Chambers. 
It. Fyve Flanckers of Iron with their Chambers. 

At the Wall's ende by the Towno gate. 

Item oone Saker of Brass broken, with the Rose and the garter abouto it. 
It. oone Flancker of Iron, with a Chamber. 

In the new Bastylian towards Kyngston. 

Item iii Flanckers of Iron with their Chambers. 


In the Bulwerk towards KjTigston. 
Item oone Saker of Brasse ^v-ith the Rose and the garter upon it. 
It. oone Fawcon of Brasse with the Rose upon it. 
It. oone quarter Slyng of Iron with ii Chambers. 
It. iii Flanckers of Iron with their Chambers. 

Upon the "WaU to the Docke "Warde. 

Item oone Saker of cast Iron of Levett's makj-ng. 
It. oone Saker of cast Iron of Flaunder's makyng. 

In the Bulwerk at the Myll bridge goj-ng to the Docke "Wardes. 
Item oone Doble Culveryn of Brasse of Peter Bawde's making. 
It. ii Sakers of cast Iron of Levett's makyng. 
It. oone Slyng of Iron. 
It. iii Flanckers of Iron with thejT Chambers. 

Upon the grene before goddeshouse gate. 
Item too Sakers of cast Iron, the oone of Levett's makyng, and the oth^r 
of Flaunder's makjTig. 

It. too SerpentjTies of Iron with their Chambers. 
It. oone port piece of Iron without any Chambers. 

AVithin goddeshouse. 
Item oone Fawconet of Brasse. 

The Nomber of Brasse pieces of Ordynamice as well great as small xxii. 
The Nomber of Iron pieces of Ordynaunce of all sorts xlviii. 
The hole Nomber of pieces of Ordynaimce as well of Brasse as of iron 


Ordenaunce from Portesmouth xvi Fcbmarj', 1-546-7 

Such was the weak state of Portsmouth during the 
reign of Edward vi. Under the rule of ]Mary, neglect 
made ii still "weaker. Eeligious excitement, deadly perse- 
cution, and busy consj)irator-hunting prevented in her time 
anything like attention to national defences. The whole 
country for a season lost heart. But the fall of Calais, on 
the 7th January, 1558, seems to have brought it to a deep 
sense of its degraded conditio^--. On the 20th January, 
the Parliament assembled and granted a subsidy to carry 
on the war against the French King and the Scot.s, " who 


daily do practise by all dislionoural)le ways and means, 
with the aid and power of all their confederates and allies, 
to annoy their majesties and this their realm, and other 
the dominions of the same ; and, by all likelihood, if 
time and place do permit, do mind to make some in- 
vasion into sundry parts of this realm, as well npon the 
sea coast as elsewhere."* Money having been voted, some- 
thing had to be done ; if not by the honest and patriotic, 
the selfish and unprincipled were, we may be quite sure, 
ready to feign active measures and share the spoil. On 
the 30th March, Thomas Harvey, Knight jNIarshal, received 
instructions about taking muster of the forces at Ports- 
mouth, and on the last day of Octol)er, £.500 were remitted 
for payment of the Garrison. Nothing more was done. 
Happily for Portsmouth, and still more so for tlie country 
at large, before the end of the year the Queen died. There 
was no issue by the Spanish alliance, and so, by God's 
mercy, the world had an opportunity of seeing " a noble 
and puissant nation rousing herself like a strong man after 
sleep and shaking his invincible locks."t Yes ! with Eliza- 
beth came a wondrous change for the better. England 
was herself again. A writer intimately acquainted with 
every State Paper of that Queen's reign justly remarks, 
" The wisdom and energy of Elizabeth's government are 
conspicuous in the care taken to put the defences of the 
realm in a complete state of efficiency." " In her reign, 
defences were promoted by the systematic organization of 
the militia, by the holding of frequent musters periodically, 
at intervals of about three years, and by surveys of all the 
creeks and landing places, aud by attention to the breed 
of horses in gentlemen's parks throughout the kingdom. 
All this was carried on by commissions addressed to the 

* 4 and 5 Philip and Mary, c. ii. 
t Milton" s "Areopagitica." 


nobility and gentry in every comity."* As navies, especi- 
ally in Spain, were becoming formidable, we naturally find 
great attention given to Portsmouth and its vast and well 
placed harbour. The State Papers connected with forti- 
fying Portsmouth during the reign of Elizabeth would fill 
a volume with highly interesting details. The following 
pressing appeal to the Privy Council from the Governor 
of Portsmouth, and the order from the Queen to the Earls 
of Arundell and Sussex will show how soon, after Eliza- 
beth's accession to the throne, energetic steps were taken 
for strengthening the fortifications of the country.f The 
wording of Captain Tumour's petition is quaint, but it 
tells of a good man and true. 

NO. XI, 

state Papers, Domestic, Eliz. Vol. 2, No. 12. 

To the right honorable the lords and other of the Queen's majesties' priA-y 


My good Lords ye experience by execution and sight of mayne mischiefs, 
which are insident to ye warres and daile ministred by princis, hath taught me, 
a simple man, to judge ye better of myne own estate, and of ye place wherein I 
serve, to ye which I owe my life. And albeit in respect of my duetie to ye 
Queue's highnes, and in perfourmannce of such servic as is loked for at my 
hands, I waye not my life any more then I ought. Yet, I consider what honor 
it were to you all to appoint my servic so, as if ye enemey came to seeke us, I 
might either be able to repulce him, or at ye lest, if I were his praye, to make 

* Introduction to " Catalogue of State Papers Domestic Elizabeth." 

"I" Beer for the Navy was not forgotten. Henry viii. had erected brew- 
houses, (once occupyingthe siteof the present Four- House Barracks) but without 
fresh water they were useless. The Earl of Winchester therefore writes thus, 
on January 14th, 1560, to his "loving friend Sir William Cecill, Knight, prin- 
cipall Secretarie to the Queue's Majestic : — " 

" The brue house and the freshe water must be had at Portesmouth as in 
the great booke is declared " (State Papers Dom. Eliz. Vol. ii, No. 3.) 

The daily allowance of a sailor, in the time of Elizabeth, was : — lib. of 
biscuit, one gallon of beer, 21bs. of beef four days a week ; the other three, 
stock fish, butter, and cheese instead of beef. Pay, od. a day at sea ; 4|d. 
when in harbour. (State Papers Dom. Eliz. April 13. 1565.) 


hym buy me so deare ere he waune me, as lie should never hast after to fetche 
enie more of ye price. And yis help were a fortificacion in Portismouth, ■which 
like as it is a quarter built allready, and wold \vith small charge bo finished to 
such force as yt might for ever bo kept with fewer men then her Majistic hath 
here at yis instant, against ye frcnche kyngs worst or eny other enimie. So 
shoiild it allso be able to receve ye riches of ye He, and what more is, take away 
ye unnecessary chargs consumid here in keping other forts which ys beynge 
finished, and may well appeare to be vanelie maynteyned. I am ye bolder, my 
lord, to offer you my opinion, because I knowe your L. carfidl to forsee ye safety 
of us all, and your contrey ; and that you consider the greatnes of your ennimie 
ye frenche kyng, his gredie ambicion, and advancement of his pride and cor- 
rage by his late conquests,* by ye wch he hathe brought us to our olde bounds. 
And what honour it were to hym to take foote hold here of us, who have mas- 
terid them in their countrey, and kept them trebutarie your L. can wisely judg. So 
may it, therefore, seeme good unto you to determine uppon yis fortificacion, and 
to remove ye trust uppon old presidents, how yis peece hath bene kept in tymes 
past, because, as our strength is lessenid, our ennimies are increasid. And to 
conclude, forasmuch as my words may want credit in yis matters, yt may please 
you to use ye opinion and judgement of Mr. "Worsely, who, if he be comanded 
to perus yis litell plot, I dought not, shall confemie my words concerning ye 
forte. And thus I humbly ende, and leve to trouble you. From Portismouthe 
ye 26 Januarie, 1558-9. 

The derth and scarcitie of victualls and other necessaries insident to ye 
soldier is here very great, wch may be grtly rodressid if yt may stand with your 
L. plesurs to consider me with a pay. 

Your Lordshipes humbly at commandment, 

Edward Tumour. 


State Papers Dom. Eliz. Vol. 14, No. 42, (1560.) 
By the Queue. 

To oui- right trustie and welboved cosen and counsailor, the Earle of Arun- 
deU, lord Steward of our howse,- and lord warden of our forrest, within our 
Com. of Southt. ; And to our right trustie and right welbeloved cosen, Therlo 
of Sussex, Chief Justice and Justice in Oyer of all our forrests, parks, warrens, 

* Calais, after having been held by the England 210 years, was retaken by 
the Duke of Guise, January 7th, 1558. 


and cliasea of this side Trent ; and, in their absence, to the Lieutenant and 
"Woodward of the same Forrest. 

Right ti'ustie and right welbeloved and trustie and welbeloved, wee grete 
you well. And wheareas wee have committed the surveie of all our castles and 
forts, within our ysle of wight and the seacoste within our countie of Southtn., 
to ova- trustie and right welbeloved the Lord St. John, and the repaire of the 
same castles and forts by his discrecion, from time to time ; for the doing 
whereof wee have given him letters, under our signe manuell and signet, au- 
thorizing him to the doing thereof, and also imprested him money for that 
purpose, wch Reparacions cannot be made with out necessarie Timber. "Wee, 
therefore, mynding our said castles and forts to be kept in good reparacion, will 
and commaund you to delyver, from time to time, to our Mr. Carpenter, of our 
Works of the said castles, and of all other our work within Portismouth and 
our saide Isle of Wight, aU soche timber as the said lord St. John shall wright 
unto you, for indenting with the saide Mr. Carpenter, from tyme tyme, for all 
soch tymber as you shall delyver ujion the lord John's letters for the saide repa- 
racions. And thes our letters shalbe WaiTant sufficient with the letters and 
indentures of the lord St. John, and Mr. Carpenter mencioning the receipt of 
the said Timber in that behalfe. Forseing that you suffer the said Mr. Car- 
penter to make sale of. the said loppes and toppes to our most proffet, or make 
lyme with some part of the same, towards the charges of our said works. Geoven 
at our honnor of Hampton Courte the viith dale of November, the second yere 
of our Reigne. 

To show further the activity of the government, we 
have a letter, from an enterprising and self confident engi- 
neer, making it clear that plans, for the effectual defence of 
Portsmouth, were ready for execution so early as 1560, 
and that an efficient officer was sent down during the year 
to see them carried out. The Lords of the Privy Council 
seem to have been in great fear lest the plans should be 
lost. Mr. Portenary assures their Lordships that, were 
they known to the whole world, no harm could possibly 
follow. But he shall speak for himself : — 


state Papers, Dom. Eliz. Vol. 15, No. 79. (1560) 
Most excellent and noble Lords, under that most humble reverence and 


obedient service, wch bocometh a most humble and obedient servant unto your 
excellencies, (whoso hand I moat huniblye kysse) may yt please the same to 
heare and consider that which folio we th : — 

* * * * 

Now your excellencies have commanded me, that I shuld go to Portosmouth 
to visite the town and situacon thereof, and to take the platt att my discretion. 
Whereupon I made a platt wherewith every manue was not satisfied. Whore- 
fore I indevored myself to devise two other platts, that cyther of them is of 
such a strength as shalbe imprennable, and also with the least charges that 
possible were, which doo content and satisfie your excellencies, as in lykewise 
I did at Barwick devise a third platt of an invincible force and of a reasonable 
charge. Now, and yt may please your excellencies to putt the case, that all the 
platte of Portesmouth were lost and came in whattsoever mannes hands in the 
whoale worlde, there could incurre no danger at all, nor any occasion of suspi* 
cion. For whosoever mought have them could not thereby ymagin any evill 
enterprise toflfend yt, but contrary wyse, they wold be glad of them for a patron 
and example to fortifye their frontiers thereafter. Because they may be com- 
pared to all fortresses which ar of late made in Christiandom, and peradvcnture 
better considered and with a more comodite and force then is in those which 
are already made in diverse places. All the new fortresses of fame as Milan, 
Placencia, Modana, and Turino in Italye, Chalon in Burgenye, and Antwerp, 
no stranger is forbidden the rampares, and all their platts are in every manes 
hand. And, in lykemaner, when anye of the said platts shalbe put in execu- 
tion and buylded at Portesmouth, or at any other place, thorowly as they ar 
devised, all reason will geve that no force shuld be hable to prevaile again yt or 
put yt in any danger. Provided that yt be furnished but indifferently. There- 
fore there could not chance so greatt a danger for the losse of souch lyke platts 
as some have thought, and made yt so heynous, when the thing shalbe tho- 
rowly considered. True yt ys that to losse them, shuld be a great displeasure, 
but not that any danger shuld therefore folow. 

* * * * 

Now, your excellencies doo comand me to goo to Portesmouth, to put in 
execution the platt your excellencies are resolved upon, I am prompte and ready 
t'obey your whoale comandment to do that service, to use souch diligence and to 
take souch pain and travayle as souch a work doth require, and as yt doth be- 
com her Majistiea faithful servant. 

To which end, yf yt mought please your excellencies I woold most humblye 
beseech the same to ordeyn, that I should goo thether with souch a coniissiou 



as may be thought meet to her Majisties faithful servant yn that vocation, to 
be hable thereby to ordeyne and comand for the service of Bouch a work, to 
th'end I may assuredly put the sayd work to his perfect effect, and her Majistie 
to be whoally and thorowly served. 

Two years after Portenary's letter we find mention 
made of the Governor's House. Whetlier tlie Captayne 
of Portsmoutli had yet taken up his quarters in the Mas- 
ter's House of the ' Domus Dei,' I cannot say for certain. 
It is highly probable that he had, as a few years later, when 
the buildings of the Hospital were all thoroughly repaired, 
the Captayne's House is mentioned as a well known part 
of the establishment. Kyllwey's report and petition present 
an amusing story of travel and prices 300 years ago. 


state Papers Dom. Eliz. Vol. 24, No. 57. 

To the right honorable Sir William Cyrill, knight, secretorie to the Quene's 
Majestic those be given. 

At my repayre hether uppon Sondaye, as I wrote to your honor I wolde 
doo, I founde Sir Adryan Ponings so imbeusied and so nere uppo goinge, as I 
colde have noo tyme with him to consider off anye thinge, namelye in what con- 
dicion he wolde leave the howse, and, synce his departure, I doo understande 
bye my ladye his wyffe, that he hath geven order for the rigginge of the howse, 
as nothinge is to remayne butt bare walles. So as I am compelled to bringe 
stufife fro my howse, as well for the kychen as otherwise, and understandinge 
that my lorde of Warwicks repayre hether is so nere at hande, and the dystance 
of my howse allmoste fortie myles oif, besides the treble of iij ferris bye the 
waye, as I feare I shall not be hable to gett hyt hether to sarve that tiime, the 
provission for his diet lykewise is all to seek, as I have great feare I shall not 
entei'tayne hym as I wolde ; and f jTidinge thes quarters not onlye barre for 
provyssion but also extreme deare, and here noo helpe at all butt for the pennye 
and I not storyd of money, ham constraynid therefore to crave furtherance at 
your hands for the obtaynge of the Quene's Majesties warrant for one monethes 
waggis in prest. More your honor shall understande, that here is delivered, 
synce Mr. Poning' s depart\ire, bye the hands of this bearer, clarke of the armorye, 


fiftie eyght drye fatts off corseletts, harquebutta cccxxv, and flaskets cccxxiij , 
and of towchboxes cccxxxiij, of morris pykes eleven hundered iiij skore xiiij, 
for Imployment ; of wbich I trusto your honor will cause comyssion to be di- 
rectid, as of the premesis, to returne sutche dyreccion as bye the lords of the 
cownsell shalbe thought mete. Thus I leave farder trobelinge your honor com- 
mending the same to the marcyfuU preservacion of the aUmightie. From 
portesmouthe, the xxixth of September, 1562. 

Your honors to comande 

Wm. KyUwey. 

How far the appeal for a month's pay was successful 
is not stated, but this we know that, two days before the 
application was made, the Queen had given authority for 
the issue of the usual pay and table money : — 

NO.. XV 

state Papers, Dom. Eliz. Vol. 2-4, No. 53. 
By the Queue. 

Right trustie and right welbeloved cosin, we grete you well. Whereas, at- 
the request of your sonne the Lord Cliidiock Poulett, we have for this tymo 
excused hym from the charge of our Towne of Portesmouth, and have ap- 
pointed Sir Willm. Kyllwey, Knight, to tak the charge thorof in thabsence 
of Sir Adrian Ponyngs. We will and require yow to make allowance and 
payment unto the same Sir WiUm. Kyllwey, upon the warrant dormant re- 
mayning with yow, for the wage and entertainement of the Captayne there, in 
such sort as the said Adrian Poynys was by the same allowed. To begynne at 
such day as you shall hereafter understand, untill the retourne thither of the 
said Sir Adrian Ponyngs. And these our lettres shalbe your warrant in this 
behalf. Geven under our signet at Hampton Court, xxvij Septombris, 1562. 

The fortifications had now been well commenced, and 
here it is that we, for the first time, meet with an account 
of the repair of a part of the old " Domus Dei." The 
floor of the Church having become decayed, £40 were ex- 
pended to renew it : — - 



State Papers Dom. Eliz. Vol. 34, No. 31. (24 July, 1564.) 

A note of the cliarges for felling, hewyng, breking into loades, and sawinge 
of the timber for the flouring of the church in Gods house. 

Item, the feUinge, squaiing, and the breking into loads, also sawing into 
hordes, and sawing iuto somer posts and joysts, the charges is xl£. 

Good progress was made in the defences, we may sup- 
pose, during the next four years, for, in July 1568, Eichard 
Popinjay reports, that he has spent all the money supplied 
him, and urges the necessity of carrying on the works with 
vigour. He forwards with his report a detailed estimate 
of " the wantes or lackes for the fyrnishynge of the Plat- 
forme, wher the greate Ordnaunce lyeth at Portsmouthe."* 
Acting upon the opinion of the surveyor, evidently an 
officer possessing the confidence of the authorities, more 
money (£219 10s. 7d.) is expended on the platform, and in 
finishing " the watchhowse according to the platte ;" and 
then three commissioners are specially appointed to exam- 
ine thoroughly " the Towne fortresses, and bull workes of 
Portesmouthe, and the Ordynanc munytion, armor, and 
shott, remaynynge in the same, and the defects thereof, 
&c." The letter of the Commissioners and their " vewe 
and surveye " are valuable papers, simply as records of the 
strength or rather weakness of Portsmouth on June 9th, 
157J- ; but they are especially so, as connected with the 
story of the " Domus Dei," inasmuch as they tell us how 
" godes howse yarde," " godes howse churche," and " godes 
howse hawl " were used just 300 years ago, what articles 
were stored in them, and what was their condition. 

* state Papers Dom. EUz. Vol. 47, No. 51. 



State Papers Dom. Eliz. Vol. 78, No. 12. I8th May, 1571. 

To tlie ryght honorable our verye goode lord, tlie lordes and others of the 
Quenes Majesties most honorable prying Co-wiiBayle. 

Ryght honorable, accordjTige to the Quenes Majisties Letter, dated the 
xxiiijth of Apryll last, to us dyrected, we together wythe Sir henry Iladeclyf , 
have taken vewe and surveye of the Towne, fortreses, and buU Avorkes of 
Portesmowthe, and of the Ordynanc, munytyon, armor, and shott nowe re- 
maynynge within the same, and the defcctes thereof, and mustered the inha- 
bitants of the ToAvne and Isle of Portesmowth, of vrhyche owr doynge we have 
sent here withe unto your honors partycular bookes, subscrybed wthe o^vr handes 
and the hand of the sayed Sir Henry, nowe Captayne of the sayed Towne and 
Isle. In the end of whiche booke ys contayned tho defectes and wantes we 
fyndo in the premisses accordynge to owre symple knoledge and under- 
standynge, referryng the consyderacon therof unto your honors, and so most 
humbly we take owr leave of your honors, praying unto th' almighty God for 
tho longo preservatyon and continuanc of the same. "Wrji^en at Portesmouthe, 
the xviiijth of May, 1571. 

Yoiu" honors most humble to commawnde, 
H. Wallop, 

Wm. Kyngosmyll, 
John Basyng. 

Sir H. Wallop and the rest of ye Comissioncrs for ye survey of Porter- 
mouth to ye LLs of ye Counsell. 


State Papers Dom. Eliz. Vol. 78, No. 12-2. 

The Survey of Munition in Portesmouthe, 9th June, 1571. 

A book declarynge the veue or Surveye of the munytyon, ordynance, ar- 
mour, and weapon remaynynge in the Quenes Majisties Towne and Fortresses 
in Portesmouthe, after the dethe of Sir Adryan Poynynges, knight, late Cap- 
tayne of the sayed Towne and Fortresses, made and delyvercd by Sir Henry 


Wallopp, Sir Wyllym kyngesmyll, knight, and John Basyng, Esquire, by 
virtue of the Quenes Majisties letters, beaiyng date the xxiiijth daye of Apryll, 
A.D. 1572, unto us in that behalfe dyrected into the handes of Sir Henry 
Radecliffe, knight, remaynynge nowe her highnes Captayne of the Isle and 
foresayed towne and fortresses of Portesmouthe, the xvjth daye of Maye, in 
the xiijth yeare of the Raygne of owr most gratyws and Soverayne ladye, 
Queue Elizabeth, etc., as hereafter more playnly maye appeare. 

In godes howse yarde. 


Shott. Inp. Cannon Shott 

It. Canon Shott 

It. Culveryng Shott 

It. Culveryng Shott 

It. Stone Shott of aU heygte 

Ordynance Item, one fawcon of brasse with sponge and ladle mownted 1 

It., fawcon of cast iron with sponge and ladle mownted 3 

In godes howse churche. 

MuNiTYON Inp. Colyvers . . 99 

It. mowldes for Colyvers . . 60 

It. yf harquebuses serviseible . . 98 

It. of harquebuses unserviseible . . 8 

It of flaskes and tuchboxes of Walnuttre 100 

It. of flasks unserviseible . , 356 

It. of tutchboxes unserviseible . . 160 

It. of bowes . . 183 

It. of pykes , . 1000 

It. of black bylles . . 1000 

It. Sheves of Arrowes .. 1000 

It. two barryelles of bowstryngs containing xx grose 2 

It. wholes for sakers . . 4 

It. of fawcon wheles-payers . . 1 

It, of Culverynge wheles-payers . . 3 

It. one stock for a canon . . 1 

It. Culverynge Stockes .. 3 

It. Mynyon Stockes . . 2 

It. Stockes for portpeces and slynges . . 10 


It. of Stockes redy sawed . . 15 

It. of plankes redy sawed for Stockes . . 60 

It. Canon ladles . . 2 

It. plat for ladles, powndea . . 40 

It. Sawlt peter, powiides . . 24 

It. of groat Howies of Matche waglits . . 300 

It. of owld decayed matclie not servj'sable, wayghte 100 
It. of Spanysh aud Inglislie Iron, tones one and half 

It. more of Inglysho barres of Iron . . 8 

It. drye hydes . . 4 

It. of Monyons . . 41 

Powder It. of Come powder grounde, barrelles. . 6 

It. more of Come powder grounde, barreUea 14 

It. of Serpentyne powder, half barrelles 27 

It. more of Serpentyne powder, pontyons 2 

It. more of Serpentyne powder, weights 100 

It. of Come powder decayed, powndes , . 100 

Ordynanc It. harquebuses of crecke . , 2 • 

Shott It. Mynyon Shott . . 13 

In godes howso hawl. 

MUNYTTON Inp. harquesbusses . . 29 

It. pykes . . 40 

It. black byUes . , 38 

Henry Radeclyflf. H. "Wallop. Wm. Kjnigesmyll. Jolin Basyng. 

A note of the defects and wants within the To\vne and fortresses of Portes- 
mowthe, and the Hand nowe commyttei to the charge of Sii- Henry Raddiffe, 

1 . First, the newe platform, the vanuer thereof is so decayed by the 
beatinge and rage of the Sea, as, if it be not presentlye amended, yt wilbe the 
decaye of the whole waUe to the water syde. And also one arche over the 
northe gate of the same is fallen downe. 

2. Itm. the Towne waUes Ramparts are genally decayed, and diver.s 
highe ways used over the same, and no gates hable to be shutte. And the bul- 
warkes of earthe gretely decayed and ruyned and ordinance leftc in the same. 


3. Itm. tlierbe a nombre of harquebuzcs within the said to\vne of the 
Queues Majisties store, wherof the greter parte bee Callyvers in their places. 

4. Itm. there is a Smith's forge* joyninge to the Armorie that is 
altogether unfinished, whereby there can nothinge bee amended belonginge to 
the Armory, ordynaunce, and munition. 

6. Itm. ther is but one Armorer for the kepingo of the Armour and 
shotte, which is not sufficient for suche a proporcion. 

6. Itm. the Armory* that now is is to litle, and so decayed as the 
Rayne beateth in thoroghe the walle, at evry storme, waich want may be sup- 
plied by makinge Goddes howse churche an Armorye and store howse, wherfor 
it will aptlie serve, with some convenient change, and is a thinge in our opin- 
ions, very nedefuU to be donne. 

7. Itm. the planckes of the platf orme of the round towre is so decayed 
as it is not hable to beare th' ordinauucc. 

8. Itm. Wee fynd th Inhabitants of the Towne and Hand very few 
in nombre, and yet many of them not serviceable, nor well armed, nor furnished 
for service, as by the particular booke of musters therof to your honor it will 
apeare more at large. 

Henry Radcclyff. A. "Wallop. Wm. Kingesmyll. John BasjTig. 

The honest and accurate survey, made by the Com- 
missioners, proved no mere formal proceeding, but was 
acted upon at once. It had evidently been called for with 
the determination, on the part of the authorities, to carry 
on the works at Portsmouth with the greatest vigour. Of 
this we find ample proof in the State Papers relating to 
the fortifications of Portsmouth from 1571 to 1586. In 
1573, Frymlege forwards an estimate for making a bridge 
at the entrance of the Town with gates and drawbridge ; 
and in 1574, William Popinjay, the Government Surveyor, 
submits his plan for a new quay. In 1577, we find this 
same Wm. Popinjay engaged in " repairing the breaches 
there between the two towers." As the instructions con- 
veyed to him and his under officers, through the Governor 
of Portsmouth, are very stringent, and imply that those 

*• The Smitli's forge and the Armoiy formed part of the old Hospital. 


engaged in public works during "the good old times" spent 
the money entrusted to them witli little regard to economy 
and efficiency, the orders, dated August 18th, 1577, will, 
I doubt not, be found interesting and much to the point. 


state Papers. Dom. Eliz. Vol. 115, No. 5. 
August 18th, 1577. 

A. L. to Sir Henry EadeclifFe concerning the Workes at Portcsmouthe. 

After our hartie commendacons. There is delivered by her majistie's order 
unto Richard Popinjay, Surveior of Portcsmonth, for the repairing of the 
breaches there betwene the two towers, so miiche money as, uppon a viewe and 
estimate made by you and others, was thought woulde suffer for the doing 
thereof ; and for that we are desirouse that both the money should be imployed 
and husbanded into her Majistie's best comoditie, and also the worke to be more 
carefullie and substancially don and ended, in due and convenient tyme, con- 
sidring that, in like cases, the under oflBcers are more comonlie addicted to their 
owne gaine then to the well ordering of her majestic' s money, and perfourming 
their duties as were requisite, it is by us ordered, that the said Surveyor shall 
firstc make you acquainted withe the plotte to be taken for his proceading in 
the worke, which he shall af terwardes in noe respect alter without your privitie 
acd conscente ; and for the disbursing of the money the sume remaining in his 
handes shall not be layed oute and payed, but with your knowledge and your 
hande to be sett to suche paiments as are to be made in that behalfe ; which we 
are the willinger to trouble you withal, for that you signifie unto us that there 
wilbe, withe good order, some parte of the 500£ saved to be imployed some other 
waie for her Majisties furder service, and for the better saving of charges from 
tyme to tyme, and avoiding of confusion in the doing of the workes by retaLu- 
ing more persons in the s;ime then shiill ueudofullye sufBse ; suche as the said 
Surveyor shall from tyme to tyme discharge eitherfor their unhabilitie, or that 
there shalbe no furder use of their travell, we pray you that pasports, signed 
wth your hande, or in your absence by your depute and the Surveyor, be without 
delaye provided & delivered imto them for their departure the whence, that 
they be not constrained to linger there after thcr shalbe noe use of their service. 
And, when there is a quantitie of timber required for the mending of the said 
breaches, whereof as you know there is no grcate plentio in these parts, wo 

204) DOMUS DEI. 

thincke it convenient, & so praye you to have regards, that no more be waste- 
fullie spent that waie then shall of necessitie serve for that purpose, & thereof 
remitting the care & oversight both of that & the rest with you, not doubting of 
your care therein, according to the trusts reposed in you. Wo bidd you hartelie 
farewell. From the courte of Otelands the xviijth of Augusta 1577. 

To these instructions I may add others equally strict, 
indeed more so, given about the same date to the same 
Surveyor. They relate especially to keeping all the plans 
of the fortifications secret, and to the due employment of 
able-bodied, qualified workmen. The care taken to see 
that " uppon the Sondaye or Sabothe Daye every Clerk be 
at the Church with his men, called by liis book before 
seven of the clock in the morninge/' t^Us well of olden 

NO. XX. 

Burghlcy Papers. Bibl. Lansdowne. Vol. 116, No. 23. f. 65. 
Articles and Instructions to be kepte and observed by Richard Poppynjaye, 

Sui-veyor of Portismouth. 

1 fRrste, that the plot nowe agreed & concluded uppon be kepte very 
close & secret, & that no Counter thereof be geven, made or delivered, nor the 
Plot it self to be shewed or sene of any withoute Warranto from us : & that 
the work be followed accordinge to the said plot. 

2 Item, that the Pyoners & souldiers be in their worck, at the dys- 
position & appoyntment _ of the said Surveyor, together with the store of 
ShoveUs, Spades, Scavells, Baskets, Handbarrowes, Wheelbarrowes & such 
lyke, to be delivered to the men as needeth. 

3 Item, that there be to every hundred men but one Clerck, Cap- 
taine, leader or overseer, and that every suche Clerck be suche one as hathe 
byen a Trayned Souldyer, and hathe experiens of the trayninge and leading of 
men and none other. 

4 Item, that every Clerck geve dyligent care to kepe his Men at 
Worck in due and Convenient tymes appoynted by the Surveyor. 

Item, that order be taken by the Surveyor for their Convenient victu- 
allinge and lodging reasonably. 


Item, that vppon the Sondayo or Sabotho Daye every Clcrck be at the 
Chureho, with his men called by his book, before Seven of the Clock in the 
Mominge, to here not onely the Service biit also the Sermon, which botho to be 
ended at nyne of the Clock, and that none due dcparte the Chureho till all be 
ended, without greate and vrgent Cause, vppon paine to be punished and to 
lose his Dayes wages. 

7 Item, that all those Labourers be for any faulte or dysorder not 
criminal!, at the Punishment and Correction of the Surveyor, aU the Workinge 
Daies, and on the Muster or trayninge Daio at the Dyscretion of the Muster 
master, and leaders or Capitaines. 

8 Item, that yf any of those doe fall syck and be not serviceable, 
that none suche be holden and retained in wages above two Dayes, but, vppon 
Notice to the Surveyor of his sicknes, his reconning and accompt be made up 
and his rest, after Order taken with the victualler, payde him, and to have his 
Pasporte from the Surveyor and to be Dyschardgcd, that the Queenes money be 
not vainly Consumed and spent to no vse. 

9 Item, that the Surveyor, according to the Credyte and trust Com- 
itted unto him, take care that all those that shalbe appoynted for this Service, 
be Lustie stronge, and able to performe their Duties, or other wise to dyscharge 
any vnmeete, and to receve others in their places, that the worck and service be 
not hindered. 

10 Item, that the Surveyor do prescribe Orders to the Victuallers, 
Drapers, shoemakers, and others, concerning the Credyte and Order of the 
men generally and particularly Comitted to his Chardge. 

11 Item, that the Surveyor doe foresee that there be placed no super- 
fluus Clercks or other officers, but as aifore for every 100 men one Clerck, for 
the keping and delivering Orderly the store, two Clercks for himself for the 
Orderly keping, checking, and ingrossing of the Monethely payebookes, one 
Clerck for the threasorer or Paymaster, and a Marshall for punishinge of suche 
as shalbe foimde to loyter, quarrell, pyke, or other wyse. 

12 Item, that the Surveyor be present at every pay to be made, and 
that he Dyli gently see that true and whole payment be made to the worckmen, 
officers, victuallers, and others ; that there he] no exclamation or Dysorder 
therin, and that, vppon suche payment ended, the said Surveyor and Mr. Car- 
penter do setto their hands and subscrive. 

13 Item, that the Surveyor doe appointe one honest and sufficient 
man for the caUinge together the said workemen to worck, and tymes to leave 
worck, by the sounde of a bell, or other wyse. 


14 Item, that, vppon the Dayes of Muster or trayning, therbe ij 
Drummes appointed for the Muster or trayiiing Daies onely, and to be set do^vn 
in the bookes for every of those Daies, per man xijd.* 

But what, it may be asked, became of the " Domus 
Dei," the Armory of which, in 1571, was in so dilapidated 
a state ? It was evidently left to get worse and worse, until 
at last its condition became so serious, that an immediate 
repair of all the buildings was deemed necessary. This 
we learn from the estimate by Thomas Frymleye " of the 
charge of the repaire of Godes howse in Portesmouthe, 
1581." The paper, which we now give, with its full parti- 
culars of the outlay required, has already been noticed, and 
found of the highest importance. The details are very 
clearly set forth, and the estimate takes in every building 
of the old Hospital. 

No. XX. 

British Museum, Lansdowne MSS. 31. No. 72, (1581.) 
The estimacion of the reparacons of Goddes Hous in Portesmouth. 

Inprimis, the Gate hous viith. the lodgings without, ij thousand of 
Slatte xjs, the slatter xv, the soddor and Plummer iiijs. xxxs. 

Itm. the north He of the Church iij score and xv foote longe, the 
Rafter x foote and a halfe, the Church xxv foot wide, one tonn of lead there, 
sodder and plummer tenne pound, Tymher iiij load, Sa-\vyer and Carpenter 
£vi. £xvj. 

Itm. the Armory sixe and fifty foot longe, the Rafter vviij foote, 
foiu-e thousand tyle xxxijs, the tyler xxxs. £iij. ijs. 

Itm. the Smithes forge xxxij foote longe, the Rafters xviij foot, 

thousand slatte sixtene shillings and sixe pence, the slatter sixteene shillings.^ 

xxxijs. vjd. 

Itm. the Pay Chamber at the end of the forge one thousand of 

Slatte vs. vjd., the slatter vj. vjd. xijd. 

• At the end, in another handwriting, is as follows : — "my L. of sussexe, when he 
is present at portesmouthe, mof^t not be thus exempted from rule, althoe my L. wold be 
Warned that the plotte of the fortiflcacion may be kept secrete and not shoede abroade. 


Itm. the Chamber from the Pay Chamber to the CaptajTies 
Chamber, sixe score foot longe, the Rafter xvij foote, tcmie thousand of slatte, 
fifty fyve shillings, the slatter foiu-o poimde. £vj. xvs. 

Itm. the Roofe over the Captayiies Chamber and the great Cham- 
ber fifty sixe foot longe, the Rafter xx foot, four thousand slatto xxijs, the 
slatter xxs. xlijs. 

Itm. the roofe over the djTiing chamber xxx foote longe, the Raf- 
ter xiv foote, two thousand of slatte xjs, the slatter xiijs. xxiiijs. 

Itm. the Pigeon hous, thre thousand of Slatte sixteene shillings 
and sixe pence, the slatter xxjs., thre studdyes repayring xvs. lijs. vjd. 

Itm. the Hall roofe beinge fifty foote longe, the rafter xxiiij foote, 
tenn thousand slatte fyve and fifty shillings, the slatter £vi. £vij. xvs. 

Itm. the Kechin and the larder one hundred foote longe, the raf- 
ter xix foot, ten thousand slate five and fifty shillings, the slatter £v £vij. xvs. 

Itm. the roofe over the Back gate xviij foot longe, the rafter xvj 
foot, two thousand slate xjs. the slater xs. xxis. 

Itm. the roofe over the Bakehous and the stable iij score and viij 
foot longe, the rafter xviij foote, tenne thousand of slatte fyve and fifty shil- 
lings, the slatter £v. £vij. xvs. 

Itm. the roofe over the Nurcery sixe and fifty foote longe, the 
rafter xiiij foote, two thousand tyle xvjs. the tyler twelve shillings. xxviijs. 

Itm. Cresses one hundred, lath sixe thousand, lath nails xxx 
thousand. £v. vjs. 

Itm. Tymber for all Gods hous xxx load, the sawj'cr and Car- 
penter £xxviij. £xxviij. 

Itm. the Bridge at Portesmouth, Tymber fyve load, the sawyer 
and carpenter £iiij. xs. £iiij- ss. 

Sum Totall is iiij score £xix (£99.) 

Itm. lead one Tonne. 
Remember the Wall by the churchc at Godds hous, and all the Towne 
wall, with the Rampiers and Bullwarcks. 

Thomas Frymleye. 

We may suppose that Frymleye's report of the expen- 
diture required for the general improvement of the ' Domus 
Dei ' was not deemed satisfactory, as the alterations pro- 
posed by him were not carried out ; but in the following 
year another estimate was prepared by Popinjay. Instead 


of £99, it was resolved to expend £500 6s. 8d., and so to 
put in perfect condition the Churcli and all the buildings' 
connected therewith. Especial attention was to be paid to 
the Captayne's house, in order that it might be a fitting 
residence for the Governor of the most important military 
station in her Majesty's dominions. 

How long a time was taken for the execution of the 
estimate I cannot say, but it was probably part of a very 
large undertaking to thoroughly complete important works 
at Portsmouth, and the whole occupied, we may suppose, 
several years. I say this because, on February 2th, 1 584,* 
we are informed that £425 were being " paid monthly for 
works to be hurried on at Portsmouth ;" on June 6th, 
1585,* the curtain from " the Grene BuU-warke to the 
Newe Bull-warke at the bruehowse " had been completed ; 
and, on March 10th, 1587,* orders were given to send from 
the Tower, with all possible speed, the Ordnance and Mu- 
nitions necessary for the fortifications of Portsmouth. All 
was now in condition to defend the noblest harbour in the 
world. Portsmouth had been so strengthened by Elizabeth 
that it could defy the power of Spain-|- or of any other 
country, for its Governor* had been provided a House 

* State Papers Dom. Eliz. 

■f Tlie Spanish. Armada arrived in the channel, July 11th, 1581, and was 
defeated the next day by Drake and Howard. From the 21st to the 28th 
Howard maintained a rising fight. About one third of the Spanish armament 
returned to Spain. The hiuTy in sending guns, &c. , to Portsmouth is thus 
fully explained 

X The Governor of Portsmouth has always occu{)ied, and does still occupy 
as a Military man, a very prominent position in the country. In the year 1581, 
that position was seriously endangered by an Act of Parliament. In order that 
the Governor or ' Captayne ' of Portsmouth might continue to hold the power, 
which had, from the earliest times, been accorded to him, the Earl of Sussex 
moved the follo^ving Proviso : — 

Provide that this acte nor any thing therein contajTied shall not extend to 
alter, prejudice, or hiu-t the authority of the Captaine of Portismouth that now 
is, for and concerning the charge and goverment of the said towno and Isle of 
Portismouth, but that the said Captaine may use and enjoy the same in as 
largo and ample manner as he did, or might have donne, before the making of 
this acte, any thing therein contained to the contrary in any wise not ^vith 


destined in after ages to receive kings and their courts, 
and the old Church* and Infirmary had been so restored 
that in these days of Victoria, the hitest, and dearest, and 
best of England's Queens, they are still, after a further and 
more perfect restoration, a beautiful and honoured House 
of God, in which brave and loyal soldiers are trained to 
fight manfully under the banner of the great Captain of 
their Salvation. 

Such is the " Story of the ' Domus Dei ' of Ports- 
mouth. The old Hospital was founded in times when holy 
men deemed it a privilege to provide a home for the sick 
and suffering, and, during three centuries and a quarter, it 
proved a source of vast comfort to thousands, who sought 
therein bodily and spiritual relief. To know the value of 
a ' Domus Dei ' in days long gone by we must bear in 
mind the miserable homes then possessed by all classes, 
especially by the poor, and the trying diseases produced 
therein. Dirt, salt diet, and ignorance of the healing art 

The causes that move me to require this provisoe be these : — 

First, for that the Captaine of this towne hath alwaies had the charge and 
government of the towne without the superioryty or overrule of any other 
governor or officer. 

Secondly, for that it hath neither Gierke of the Checke, paymaister, nor 
thresaurer that deales with any accoumpt or pay. 

Thirdly, for that those men or soldiours that be in pay be all household 
servants, and ever hath bene since the discharge of the garrison in King Ed- 
wardes time. 

Fourthly, for that there is a referring vnto ordinaunce and orders heereto- 
fore sett downe or to be sett downe. There never was any direct order sett 
downe but that the same was aUwaies referred to the discretion of the Captaine, 
who hath and must charge the same as occasion and the time and service shall 

Fifthly, for that, by this act, the Captaines letters pattentes, gravnted 
vnder her Maiesties great seale, shall not only be abbridged as well in his pay 
and charge, but also as it wore made voyde and of none effect. 

Lastly, the premisses considered I hope this honorable house will have 
their honorable consideracion, as well of the honor and creditt of the Capten as 
also of the benefitt and use of his letters pattentes, without abbridging of the 
same, vnlesse his service or doings deserve the contrary. (Brit. Mus. Bibl. 
I.ansd. No. 31, Art. 71.) 

* On ' Twelf Eve ' 1590, a terrible storm carried off part of " the j-oofe of 
Goddcshowse " and the cost of repairing it was £15. State Papers Dom. Eliz. 
Feb. 24. 1590. 


made life very short, and often very wretched — indeed 
nothing but constant out-door occupation saved some parts 
of the country from becoming depopulated by disease. AVe 
can therefore well imagine how useful and how beloved 
were the twelve brothers and sisters of the " Goddeshowse 
of Portesmouthe," whose lives were passed in tending upon 
helpless sufferers. Happily through the great progress 
of art and science, such christian love has found other 
and more efficient means of helping the sick poor. Ports- 
mouth has, from a small fishing village, grown to be the 
most distinguished arsenal in the world, with a population 
of more than 100,000 souls. It has large military and 
civil hospitals, offering, without money and without price, 
skilful relief to the suffering, such as in the middle ages 
no man ever dreamt of ; and comforts unknown, even in 
our own time, to many a nobleman in the wilds of Hun- 
gary. For this, and much more, we bless God, and pray 
that as a nation we may in gratitude praise His Holy name. 
But, \Vhile thus acknowledging the immense advantages 
possessed by the sick in our advanced and enlightened age, 
we are called upon the more loudly to honour the memory 
of the faithful few, who, in olden times with the best 
knowledge of medicine then to be obtained, devoted them- 
selves night and day to God's poor in God's House. We 
are invited to look upon the Infirmary and Church, the 
sole remains of a very ancient and once very useful insti- 
tution, as of inestimable worth — of which ecclesiastically 
and archteologically Portsmouth, nay the whole county of 
Hampshire, may well be proud. But there is another, and 
a very strong reason, why the now Garrison Church of 
Portsmouth should be dear to the hearts of Englishmen. 
It contains and overshadows the dust of England's gallant 
soldiers and sailors, the great Napier, the leader of a thou- 
sand battles, the conqueror of Scinde, lying close to its 
western door. It is, in good truth, a national monument, 
dedicated to the memory of the brave sons of a brave 
land — of heroes, wlio under God have fought and conquered 


in all quarters, and among all nations. Every patriot may 
well be prond to aid in its preservation. But there is yet 
a still higher, a more glorious reason, why this ancient 
House of God, this last earthly home of loving conn^ades, 
should be honoured and maintained ; it is the gatliering 
place, the rallying spot, where, apart from the strife and 
struggle of the world, England's army, regiment after regi- 
ment, falls down and worships the Lord of Hosts, lays its 
sins before the cross of Christ, and seeks the protecting 
influences of God's Holy Spirit. 

My story has been told, and having told it, I most 
earnestly invite all who esteem and value the British sol- 
dier to cheerfully and liberally help us complete the res- 
toration of the Royal Garrison Church of Portsmouth ; and, 
in taking farewell of the reader, I can only ask him to join 
with me and say: — may England long continue a God-fearing 
country a]id her army never forget tliat it is the Lord God 
omnipotent who alone " treadeth down our enemies in the 



Among the valuable documents relating to ancient Hospitals we may placa 
in the first rank the Inventory of St. Mai-y's Hosj)ital, Dover, discovered by 
the eminent ecclesiologist and antiquarian, the Rev. Mackenzie E. C Walcott, 
while making researches in the Record Office for his ' Cathedral Cities of 
England and Wales.' " Such lists (he justly observes) have been called, with 
more pithiness than injustice, the skeletons of monastic history ; for it requires 
only a slight stretch of imagination, and a little thought, to reproduce the 
various chambers with their fumitui-e complete, and present to the mind's eye 
a true and vivid portraitui-e of their inner and domestic arrangements. No 
description so complete has ever come under my notice. I regTct that from the 
destruction of documents it is out of my power to contribute any information 
with regard to the internal working of a Maison Dieu."* 

There is also another document, I may say, of equal if not greater interest, 
lately published by the Rev. C. A. Swainson, D.D.,t which exhibits the foim 
of admission into a ' Domus Dei,' and then introduces us to that inner working 
of a Hospital, for a knowledge of which Mr. Mackenzie "Walcott so earnestly 

I publish them both as an Appendix to my " Story of the 'Domus Dei ' of 
Portsmouth," because they are exactly what the reader requires to help him 
as he examines the old plans of that Hospital. The Inventory will enable him 
to furnish every building from the Warden's House to the Stable and Bake- 
house, and will well suggest the stj'le of life passed by the inmates; M'hile the 
Oxford MS. tells him, with much detail, the way by which Brothers and Sisters 
were formally admitted, what their duties were, under what discipline they 
lived, and how they rendered themselves useful to " the poor and sick people,'' 
who in their sickness or distress sought help in the ' House of God.' 

* Archseologia Canliana, Vol. vii. p. 272. 

t The Hospital of St. Mary of Chichester, bj- C. A. Swainson, I>.D. 



The Inventory of all such goods and catalls as be in the house called the 
Meason de Dieu, of Douver, and of all catell, the which wer of the late Master 
ami Brethren, ther taken by John Anthony,* servant to the most wurshipfull^ 
Master Crumwell, Secretary to the Kyngs Hyghnes, the xxiii daie ofjannuarye 
the xxvjth yere of the reigne of Kyng Henry the \iiitli. 

Plate, first, iij gylt chalyses, with ij patens and ij gylt sponys, wlierof 
one chalyce is coper and gylt, waying- xlii uncs. 

Item, ij olde fasshon pieces, with ij covers, parcel! gylt, waying Ix uncs. 

Item, iij pownstf pecys of silver, waying xxj uncs. 

Item, iij parcell gilt saltts, with a cover, waying xv uncs. 

Item, ij standyng Cuppys, parcell gylt, with a cover, waying sv uncs. 

Item, iij dosen of sylver sponys, waying xxvj uncs. 

Item, a Cruett of sylver, parcell gylt, and a nut ^vith a cover of sylver, 
parcell gylt, weying xv uncs. 

Item, iiij Saltts, parcell gylt, with ij covers, waying xxxiii uncs. 

Item, ij litell potts with covers of sylver, parcell gylt, and a flatt piece of 
sylver, parcell gylt, weying xxiiij uncs. 

Item, iij dosen of sylver sponys, we\ing xxiij uncs. 

Item, ij sponys of sylver gylt, waying 

Item, V grete masers with small bonds of sylver and gylt, and a littell olde 
nut Avith a bonde of sylver and gylt, and a littell bonde of sylver and gylt, 
waying in all Ix uncs. 

Item, ij Nutts with ij covers of sylver and gylt, and the seid Nutts gar- 
nysshid with sylver and gylt, waying xxxiij uncs. 

Item, iiij Masers, whereof iij of them be with gylt bonds, and the fourth 
with a sylver bonde, dailye occupied, waying xxiiij uncs. 

Item, ij Masers with brode bands, sylver and gylt, and a litell maser with 
a fote and a small bande, sylver and gylt, waying xviii uncs. 

* He was one of the visitors of monasteries (2 Cranmer, p. 271.) 

t Pownced, punched, punctured, stippled, stamped, or pricked, by way of ornamen- 
tation. A. pouncet-box was a perforated perfume-box, and a pouncer was used by 
gravers. This kind of work was called pounsonnez or ponqonnee in French, and in 
IjaXin ponsntum. (See ' Aroh«eologia,' vol. xxix. p. 55.) Pownson is rendered 'puncto' 
in the ' Promptorium Parvulorum,' vol. ii. p. 411. The word occurs also in the MS. 
Inventory of Whalley. 


Item, ij small masers with brode bands of sylvcr and gylt, waying Ix lines. 

Item, a stone pot and a nut, gamysshid with sylver and gilte, with ij 
covers of sylver and gilt, waying xv uncs. 

Item, a standyug Cuppc with a cover and a goblet with a cover all gilt 
weying xxii uncs. 

In the Vestrye.* First, iij chalyccs of sylver and gylt, and one other 
of coper and gylt, waying Ixiii uncs. 

Item, j chalice and a paxef of sylver, parcell gylt, waying xv uncs. 

Item, ij candlestycks of sylver, parcell gylt, waying xx uncs. 

Item, ij cruetts, wherof one is of byrralljj gamyshsshed with sylver and 
gilt, and the other sylver and gylt, waying vj uncs. d. i. 

Item, ij Sensors, and a ship^^ of sylver, parcell gylt, waying Ixxv uncs. 

Item, ij basens of sylver, parceU gylt, waying xxxix uncs. 

Item, a Crosse of Coper and gylt, with certeyn sylver plate about the same. 

Item, iiij Corporasses|| with ther casys of clothe of golde and sylver. 

Item, iiij Corporasses and ther casys, daylye occupied. 

Item, iij Cortens of green sylke. 

Item, ii Copes of black velvet, with a vestment for a proyst, decon, and 
sub-deakon, with that that apperteynith. 

Item, V copys of cloth gold, ^vith a vestmentH for a priest, decon, and sub- 
deakon, with thappurtenances* the grownde of blewe velvett. 

* Richard de la Wyohe, the canonized bishop of Chichester, consecrated St. Ed- 
mund's Altar in the Maison Dicu on Mid-Lent Sunday, 12,03, in the presence of King 
Henry III. The Chapel was dedicated to St. Mary in 1227. 

t Pax, " asser ad pacem," or osculatory, " tabula ad osculandiim " — a tablet of 
■wood or round metal plate, which the priest kissed and gave to the people for the sama 
purpose after the consecration, instead of the ancient kiss of charity. 

t Beryl designated both the precious stone and fine glass, like crystal. 

I The incense-boat ; furnished with a spoon. 

II Corporas, — a consecrated white Unen cloth, used in the service of the altar and 
placed over its ordinary coverings ; upon it the chalice and host rested. (See Arch. Cant. 
V. p. 70, note 2.) The technical name of the embroidered case was " theca," " biu-su," 
" repositorium," etc. 

^ Vestment was the technical name for a suit of mass-robes for priest, deacon, and 
sub-deacon — the chasuble, dalmatic, and tunicle. The cope (from cop, a covering,) 
which resembled an ample cloak, was used in processions. (Durandi Ration, lib. iii. c. 
1 ; Canons, 960, c. 33.) The chasuble (c«s«/«, a little house,) like the ancient trabea, 
was of rich texture, with an apertiue for the centre, and hanging down on every side 
almost to the ground ; the dabnatic, so called fi-om a robe of state worn in Dalmatia, was 
shorter, and open at the sides, which terminated in angles, and had wide sleeves and two 
stripes of embroidery ; the tunicle was without embroidery, and the sleeves were nar- 
rower, and the whole di-ess of less dimensions. The dalmatic was not worn by tha 
Cistercians. (Martine de Ant. Mon. l;it. iv. p. 78.) 

* Appurtenances or appendages, viz. the albo, amice, stole, maniple, and girdle. 


Item, ij copys of crjonson velvet, olde, ^vitll a vestment for a preyst, decon, 
and sub-dekan, •svitli thappurtenances. 

Item, a cope with a vestment for a preyst, decon, and subdecon, ■with thap- 
purtenanccs of grene clothe of bawdekyn. 

Item, j cope of white sylke, embrodered with byrds of grene sylver, with 
a vestment for preist, decon, and subdecon, with thappurtenances. 

Item, a vestment for a priest and decon of red sylke, embrowdered with 
byrds of golde, ■with thappurtenances. 

Item, j red vestment with thappurtenances of bawkekyn* worke, olde. 

Item, j vestment of red damaske, ■with the appurtenances. 

Item, j vestment of purple velvet, ■with the appertenances. 

Item, j vestment of white damaske ■with a grene Crosse, with the appur- 

Item, j vestment of red sylke, ■with the appurtenances. 

Item, j olde vestment of black velvet for a priest and decon, ■with the 

Item, xti copys of red satten of brugs. 

Item, xj copys of wbyte bustian, imbrodered ■with red rosys of sayef and 

Item, iij copys of grene sylke, old bawdkyn worke. 

Item, j vestment of red sylke, bawdkyn worke, ■with the appurtenances. 

Item, j vestment of olde whj'te fustyan, ■with a Crosse of red saye, ■with 
the appurtenances. 

Item, ix olde vestments, with all thyng thereto belongyng, occupied dailye. 

Item, iij olde carpetts, of tapestreye, to be laid before the aulter. 

Item, ij carpetts of red woUen, and ij wbyte wollen and iij other carpetts, 
to be laid before aulters. 

Item, ii cusshons made of an olde cope, and ij other olde cushons. 

In the Great Chamber called the Hoostkye.:J: First, in the same 

* Ba'wclkyn (like the Italian haldachino, a canopy,) cloth of gold from Bagdad, 
Babylon, or Baldacca, -whence the fii'st rich stuffs of this kind ■were imxjorted. (Vincen't 
of Beauvais, 1. xxxii. c. 30.) 

+ Saye, a kind of ■woollen cloth, or serge, made in large quantities at Sudbury, near 

t The Guest House, or reception chamber, still remaining. The -word in the 
Inventory of Hales Owen Abbey is spelt Ostre, and Osti-ipanes are mentioned at Roch- 
ester (Custum. Roflf. p. 2.5). The Black Hostry at Ely adjoined the Infirmary. In the 
Hostry of "Whallcy I find mentioned the chief chamber, the parlour beneath, the lady 
chamber, the gallery chamber, the bishop's chambers, and the King's receiver's chambers. 
(MS. Invent, p. 310.) 

chamber iiij tables, ij payer of trestylls, ij old Gentyshe* carpetts, j long setell 
iiij formes, j litell oldo cubbord, iij toruid chcyres, with iiij oldc cussliyns, and 
j olde wyrred stole, a payr of andjTons with a fyre foike, and a lyltell olde 
chest, wherein is one olde Gentyshe coverlet. 

Item, a grete bedsted, with a testure of wod, a fetherbcd, and a coverlet of 

Item, a litell bedsted with a fetherbed, and an olde coverlet. 

In the Littell Chamber avithin the Hoostrye. First, j bedstede, 
a fetherbed, an olde blanket, a coverlet of verdour, olde, a littell olde quylt, a 
testourf of saye, with cortens of the same, and hang-yngs of the chamber of 
olde saye, payntted, ij torned cheyres with one olde cusshon. 

Item, j OTHER LiTTEL CHAMBER, wherein is j bedstede and an olde 

In THE Chamber over the Water. First, in the same chamber ij 
tables, ij formes, and j tomed cheyer. 

Item, IN the chamber within that a bedstede, with j olde fetherbed 
and j olde coverlet of tapystry, with a testui'e and curteyns of other whyte 

Item, an olde presse, wherein lieth an old quylt, an olde coverlet of tapys- 
trye, and j coverlet of red woUen, very olde. 

Item, another littell chamber within that, ij bedsteds, j oldo 
matteras, J and j olde liteU fetherbed. 

In the Chamber called Sir Peer'sS Chamber. First, ij bedsteds, 
ij fetherbedds, j olde coverlet. 

Naperye in the Custody of John Enyvers wife.|| First, xxx 
payr of Canvass sheats, xij olde payr of olde sheets. Item, v pajTs and j 
sheete for the Hoostrye. Item, v payr of olde sheets for the Firmcrye.H Item 

* In the custom accounts of Sandwich, temp. Henry VIII., six "Kentish " carpets 
occur, and in the Booke of New Rates, 2 James I., are Brunswick, China, Gentish, and 
Turkey carpets. There is an instance of the latter in the Prior's Chamber of the Xew- 

+ Teester, rendered capitelhim in the ' Promptorium,' vol. iii, p. 489. It was the 
upper hanging over a bed. The word also occurs for horse-equipage or housings, 
Wardrobe Issue, 6 Edw. III., 5 Rio. II., and a cover for a " mail," 13:i2. 

t The matras occurs in the Inventory of Pulteney's effects, 25 Edw. III. Matrag 
coopert. de carde Yndey, matras paley, mati-as de cirpis prec. 4 den. 

i The guest chambers were usually called after the name of some person, probably 
a former occupant of distinction. 

II John Enyver was one of the brethren of the hospital. 

^ The Infirmary. 


X pylowes, with vj pyllowberes. Item, vj table cloths of playne clothe, very 
olde, dailye occupied. Item, iiij towells of playne clothe, very olde. Item, 
iij olde dyaper clothes and ij diapre towells, vrith xij diaper napkins, very olde. 
Item, ij in woll, by estimacyon xxx quarters. 

In the Kechyn. First, vj brasse potts, j grete ketell of coper and viij 
other ketells, iiij gredyrons, and x spytts, grete and small, ij trevetts, with 
another grete ketell with an iron bande, xl platters, x dishes, xx sawcers, xx 

In a Chest in the Newe Kechyn. First, xv grete platters of the 
sylver fasshon, x large disshes of the sylver fashon, viij small disshes of the 
sylver fasshon. Item, vj other disshes, with the grete chargers. 

In the Master's Chamber. First, platters of sylver fashion vj, disshes 
V, prodyngers xii, sawcerj vi. Item of another sorte, xij platters, xij disshes. 

In the Master's Stable, ij sorellf geldyngs, a white nag, a black nag. 

In the Stable for the Best Cart Horses, ij grey horses, a black 
horse, a sorell horse, a sorell geldyng. 

In the Second Stable. One sorell geldyng, ij grey geldyngs, j black 
geldyng, j white geldyng. 

In the Fermery. For power preystes iij bedds, for power men ix bedds 
for power women ij beds. 

In the Gardener.* x quarters of whete. 

In the Bruehouse. 1 quarters of malt, and all thyng belongyng to a 

In the Bakehol'SE. All thyng and implements thereunto belongjTig. 

In the Barnes. Of whete, by estimacyon, xx quarters ; of barleye, by 
estimacyon, xxx quarters ; of tares, by estimacion, xx coppes ; of heye, by 
estimacyon, v or vj lodes. 

Catell pertaynyng to the house and being ther. Fyrst, iij mylke kyne, j 
bore, iij sowes, xvj lyeware, called yong hoggs. 

Shepe remaynyng in ther owne hands. First, in ewys vc di. xxiij. Item 
wethers iiiic viij. Item, teggs iic xlv. 

Shepe put out to farme. First to William Haman, of Ewell, xx ewes. 
Item to Thomas Peper, of Charlton, Ixiii wethers. Item to John Stelman, of 
St. Margarett's, xxx ewes. Item to ffag, of Dudmanston, iicv wethers. 

* PodjTigers, porriugers. The word is spelt Podegares in tlie Inv. of Laiigley Priory, 

t A sorell denoted a land of horse, 32 Edw. III. 

A corruption of garner or granary 


Catell rcmaynyng in Roinncy Marsshe. Fii-st, xx lone bullocks of Nortli- 
em Ware. Item, viij contrcy bullocks at the stacke. Item, iij fat oxen for the 
larder. Item, ij kyen. Item, iiij leue contrey bullocks. Item, viii marycs,* 
young and olde. Item, iij staggs of ii years age. Item, iij coltts of i yere of 
age. Item, j mare of ii yeres of age. Item, vj fat wethers. Item, v burcns. 
Item, xxiij lene ware. Item, teggs xxij. 

Catell remaynyng at Whitfelde, beyng in their owne hands. First, xx 
yong oxen, xij bullocks of iij yeres of age, xiij bullocks of ii yero of age, xxxv 
kyen, xv calvys, vii yong hoggs, j colt, coloured baye. 

Redy money left by the late master, xxiv Ii. vijs. vj^. 

Sum. The weight of all sylver, one -wdth thother, vc xxvii unces and di. 

The weight of the masers and nuts, clix uncs. 

The some of all shepe, one wth another, mli vie. 

The some of all bullocks and kyen, cxix. 

The same of mares and coltts, xv. 

The some of horse and geldyng, xiiij . 

Per me dom. Henr. "Wodd ; per me dom "Will. Coorte ; per me dom. John 
Bumell ; per me dom. William Nowle ; per me John Evyner.f 


The form of admission of a Brother or Sister to a ' Domas Dei,' and the 
discipline exercised therein. 

" If any one seeks the Hospital of St. Mary, at Chichester, let the Prior 
examine whether he is in sound or infinn health. If he is in sound health, 
whether male or female, let the Prior consider whether he is a person of good 
conversation, of honest life and character, likely to be useful to the house, 
whether in serving or labouring for the poor. If he should be found such, the 
Prior should first point out to him the povei-ty of the house, the poorness of the 

* Mares. 

t The master and 'brethTcn of St. Mary's Hospital, or Maison Dieu, acknowledged 

Henry Wood, John Burnell, William Noole, and John Thompson. (Ibid. p. 19, App. ii.) 
The latter name is that of the master, as appears from the title of the Invcntoiy of St. 
Martin's; was his alias Enwer ? John Gierke, master of the Hospital, according to 
Holinsheadbuiltc. 1500, a round tower at the S.W. part of the bay, to shelter it from 
winds, and enable ships to lie moored to it, and this " corner " was, in consequence called 
" Little Paradise." His successor, John Thomson, when Rector of St. John's in 1533, 
built a pier in the harbour. 


food, the gravity of the obedience, and the heavy duties wliich may posxiLIy 
deter him and induce him to recall his purpose. But if he persevere in knocking, 
then, with the counsel of the Lord Dean and the brethren of the House, he may 
be received in the name of the Lord, without the intervention of any money or 
any compact, unless he has any property of his own and is disposed to resign it 
into the hands of the Prior. But if the character of the man be insufficient he 
must be repelled entirely. 

" He, however, who is to be admitted, must first swear that he will in all 
things be faithful to the house, and that he will observe to the utmost of hia 
power the rules established in it. Then he must promise three things in this 
fashion. I, N., promise to God and to the Blessed Mary, that hereafter, with 
their assistance, I will observe towards myself chastity, towards my superiors 
obedience, and that I will hold no property of my own without the licence and 
consent of the Prior. This done, if he is a male, he will kiss the brethren ; if 
a female, the sisters, in order. Then let the males be cropped below the ear ; 
or the hair of the women be cut off back to the middle of the neck, and thence- 
forward they must be addressed by the name of brother and sister. If a brother 
under the instigation of the devil, fall into immorality, out of which scandal 
arises, or if he be disobedient to the superior, or if he strike or woimd the 
brethren or clients, or commit any other grevious irregularity, then, if he prove 
incorrigible, he must be punished severely, and removed from the society like a 
diseased sheep, lest he contaminate the rest. But let this be done not with 
cruelty and a tempest of words, but with gentleness and compassion, Still 
should he promise amendment if he be allowed to return, and give security for 
it, let him be treated mercifully, as the judgment of the Prior, the Confessor, 
and the brethren of the House may decide, but so, that, without accepting of 
persons, the fair dealing of the House be maintained, and a worthy penance be 
enjoined. If the sin be concealed and without scandal, let the penance, though 
suited to the oifence, be concealed too. But if the brother shall have a quarrel 
with a brother with noise and riot, then let him fast for sev6n days, on Wed- 
nesdays and Eridays on bread and water, and sit at the bottom of the table and 
without a napkin ; and a sister likemse. If a brother or sister shall, against 
the wishes of the Prior, leave the House and stay either in the city or without 
it, then, if, changing his mind, he desire again to retui-n, let him fast thirty 
days, on Wednesdays and Fridaj-s, on bread and water, sitting as above. If a 
brother shall be found, whilst alive and in health, to have money or property 
which he had concealed from the Prior, let the money be hung round his neck, 


«adlet liiin be well flogged, and do penance for thirty days, as before. If lie 
shall have acquired the money out of the goods of the Hospital, care must be 
taken thenceforward that he has no administration in its household matters. If 
a brother shall die in the House, and then it .shall bo discovered that ho had 
property which he had concealed, he must be buried beyond the walls of the 
■cemetery, unless on his death bed he shall have revealed it to the priest. Trivial 
and daily excess of the brcthi-cn and sisters must also be attended to, lest, whilst 
they are overlooked, small offences should become great. 

" If however, any one in infirm health and destitute of friends should .seek 
•admission into the house for a term, until he shall recover, then let him be re- 
ceived gladly and assigned a bed. Let everything that he requires be 
administered to him as the means at the disposal of the House may permit ; and 
if he has anything of his own let the Prior take charge both of it and of his 
clothes, until he is restored to health ; then let them bg given back to him 
without diminution, and let him depart, unless, of his ovra accord, he offer the 
whole or part to the house. If he die in the House, let his goods be distributed 
as he has disposed of them. If he die intestate, let his property be kept for a 
year in the House, so that if any friend of the deceased shall come and prove 
that he has a claim upon it, justice may not be denied to him. If no one claims 
within the year, let it be merged into the property of the Hospital.. 

" In regard to the poor people who are received late at night, and go forth 
early in the morning, let the Prior take care that their feet are washed, and, as 
far as possible, their necessities attended to. Care must be taken that they do 
not annoy the sick, that they do not pilfer, that they behave respectfully iu 
word and deed. The sexes must be separated. 

" The brothers and sisters must pray continually, or be engaged in work, 
that the devil may not find them with nothing to do. If they earn anything, 
let them not conceal or appropriate it, but let it be expended for the common 

" "When the seven canonical hours are being daily said in the Church of 
God, let the brothers and sisters who are ignorant of them say, every ordinary 
week day, at each hour, the Lord's Prayer seven times, with the Gloria Patri, 
except at matias, when, instead, they must repeat fifty Paternosters. On feast 
days they must say fifteen Paternosters at each hour ; at matins, a hundred. 
Let the brothers and sisters say every day a hundred and fifty Ave Marias. 
For a brother or sister who has died, let them say a hundred and fifty Pater- 
nosters. Let whoso knows it say the Psalter; and lei one half keep watcU 


before matins, and the other half after ; but no one must, because of these pray- 
ers, omit the other things which may be enjoiaed him by way of penance. 

" When the brethren meet for food, if a presbyter is present, let him 
publickly say the Benediction, and each brother say the Lord's Prayer in private. 
If no presbyter is present, let each make the sign of the cross over the bread, 
and say In Nomine Patris. After the meal let each lift up his hands and 
return thanks to God, and say Paternoster. Let them eat in silence, and 
without murmuring, whatever is placed before them, providing that what is 
prepared shall be sufficient for nature, and not addressed to the taste. 

" Every evening, when the poor have been received and refreshed, let 
prayers be said for the Pope, for the Archbishop, and Bishop of the place, the 
Dean and Chapter of the Church of Chichester, and for all the Prelates of the 
Church ; for the King and Queen, and for the peace of the realm ; for Master 

Thomas, the Dean, Master de Keynsham, Master G. of Gloucester, &c., 

and for all the Canons'; for Dominus Martin, and for all the citizens of this 
city, for all the benefactors of the House, living and dead (their names being 
mentioned) , who founded the House, who constructed it, or gave to it fixed 
rents. If a priest be in the Hospital, let him say the prayers with the Psalms 
accustomed to be said in the Chui'ch on the Lord's Day ; but if no i^riest be 
there let one of the brethern say them ; and at each prayer let each brother and 
sister say one Paternoster and one Ave Maria."* 

Dr. Swainson remarks, that this " docimaent of great moment" gives us 
the reason why endo^vments flowed so largely towards the House of St. Mary. 
" The Hospital was intended to be a temporary home for the sick and infirm ; 
the brethren and sisters who dwelt within its walls were intended to act as 
nurses. It was also intended to act as a refuge for a night to the wandering 
poor — the casuals of the modem day." It was in fact a ditto of the " Domus 
Dei" of Portsmouth, only on a'smaller scale. 

That at Dover was, we may believe, about the same size as the Portsmouth 
Hospital, possibly somewhat more extensive. 

If the reader will take the Plan of the Portsmouth Hospital, drawn in the 
days of Henry viiith, and make use of the Dover Inventory, he will be able " to 
reproduce the various chambers with their furniture complete, and present to 
his mind's eye a true and vivid portraiture of their inner and domestic arrange- 
ments." The University College MS. will help him still further, for by 
means of it, he may see the brothers and sisters at work, watch their discipline 
and rejoice over their active doings in behalf of God's poor. 

* Dr. Swaiiison's valuable Papers from -vrhicli this extract has been taken, will be 
found in Vol. xxiv. of the Sussex Archseological Society's Collections. 


Page 12. The Pliotograpli is from a fancy picture. I give it as an 
illustration, because it represents very accurately the Borough Seal, and the 
Seal of the " Domus Dei" is seen hanging below it. 

Page 24. It is stated that the "Domus Dei" was attached to the 
Southwick Priory ; that is not true, the wording should have been : — " to 
which the Portsmouth ' Domus Dei ' paid amiually a chantry fee of 20s." The 
Bishops of Winchester always presented to the Wardenship of the Hospital. 
Margaret of Anjou, having landed at Portsmouth, went at once to the ' Domus 
Dei,' and having rested there, proceeded the same day to the Priory of 
Southwick, where she was married to Henry vi., on the 1st of April, 1445. 

Mortimer's History of England, Vol ii, p. 67. 

Page 32. " That immortal hero, ever actuated by a sense of duty, awaited 
at the old 'Domus Dei' his royal Master's retui-n from the Naval Review." 
It was little thought in those days that, before the close of the century, the 
church of the ' Domus Dei' would be restored, and a Stall therein be dedicated 
to the memory of the great Wellington. As there never was in any age a more 
distinguished, or a more patriotic soldier, the reader will, I doubt not, examine 
with pleasure the followiug list of honours gained by the " Iron Duke" — 

1. The Garter. 

2. The Bath. 

3. The Supreme Order of the Annon- 

ciate of Sardinia. 

4. The Golden Fleece of Spain. 

6. The Tower & Swurd of Portugal. 

6. The St. Esprit of France. 

7. The Elephant of Denmark. 

8. The Sword of Sweden. (Militarj-) 

9. St. Andrew of Russia. 

10. The Black Eagle of Prussia. 

11. The Red Eagle of Brandenbergh 


12. Fidelity of Baden 

13. St. Alexander Newsky of Russia. 

14. St. Januarius of the two Sicilies. 

15. Maria Theresa of Austria (Mili- 


16. Military Merit of Wurtemburg. 

17. St. George of Russia (Military) 

18. The Lion d'Or of Hesse Cassel, 

19. Max Joseph of Bavaria. 

20. St. Ferdinand of Sicily (Military) 

21. The Crown of Saxony. 

22. St. Ferdinand of Spain (Military) 

23. The Lion of Baden, soraetimea 

called Lion of Zaringhen 

24. St. Hermauagildo of Spain (Mili- 


25. The Guelph of Hanover. 

26. Wilhelm of the Netherlands 


The Duke of Wellington was Field jSIarshal of the Armies of eight 
different Nations, viz — 

1. Great Britain. 2. Spain. 3. Portugal. 4. The Netherlands. 

5. Austria. 6. Russia. 7. Prussia. 8. Hanover. 

Page 141. I might have added to the list of murdered Bishops Thomas a 
Becket and Bishop VValcher of the See of Durham. 

Thomas a Becket. All know that Henry ii. solemnly swore, in the cathe- 
dral of Avranches, that he was innocent in word or deed of the murder of the 
Archbishop, and was as solemnly absolved of all censure. It is erjually well 
known, that on the lltli of June, 1174, the king walke'd barefoot from Harbledo\vn 
to Canterbury, and there knelt at the Tomb of Becket, and was scourged with a 

knotted cord. But it is not so •well known that, among the acts of unholy pre- 
sumption committed by Henry viii., we have to place that of formally un- 
sainting the great Archbishop. The king ordered his Attorney-General to tile 
a " Quo Warranto " against him for usurping the otBce of a saint. Becket was 
cited in court to answer to the charge. Judgement of "ouster" would have 
passed against him by default, had not the king, to shoiv his impartiality and 
regard for the administration of jnntice, assigned him coiuisel at the public 
expense. The case having been called on, and the Attorney General and Beck- 
et's counsel fully heard, sentence was pronounced to this effect :■ — " That Thomas, 
sometime Archbishop of Canterbury, had been guilty of contumacy, treason, and 
rebellion, and that his house should be publicly burnt, to admonish the living 
of their duty by the piuiishment of the dead ; and that the offerings made to 
his shrine should be forfeited to the Crown, his images and pictures destroyed, 
and his name erased from the list of Saints ." 

There is a curious State Paper, dated August 18th, 1538, which gives a 
letter from Cramner to Cromwell. The A rchbishop alludes thus to the Mar- 
tyr : — " Farther, because I have in great suspecte that St. Thomas of Canter- 
bury, his blodde in Christes' Church, in Canterburye, is but a fajTied thing, and 
made of some red okar or such like matier, I beseech your Lordship that Dr. 
Lee and Dr. Barbour, my Chapleyn, may have the kinges' commisssion to tryo 
and examen that, and all other like things there * 

Bi.ihop Walcher. The following passage by Sir Thomas Duffus Hardy 
in his Preface to " Killoe's Register," gives an interesting account of the mur- 
der of Bishop Walcher, but I cannot hear of any paper or story of the excom- 
munication which followed the cruel deed : — 

Bishop AValcher, being of an unaspiring listless character, loving 
quietude and detesting turbulence, permitted his officers, without check or 
restraint to oppress his tenants and people. The general discontent which pre- 
vailed, amounting almost to rebellion, having reached the Bishop's ears, he 
appointed a day and place at Gateshed to hear their complaints and redress their 
wrongs. The multitude however were too violent and impatient to wait for 
deliberation or justice. Greatly outnumbering tht Bishop's retainers, who were 
quite imprepared for resistance, they fell upon them and massacred all without 
mercy. The Bishop himself, who had taken refuge in the Church there, wai; 
lanced to death with brutal ferocity on the 14th of INIay, 1080. 

* Canterbury in the Olden Time by John Brent, f.s.a. 


read 1826 

„ Span 

„ No. 1 b. 

,, Archajologia 

„ Pontissara. 

„ Conventual. 

„ Pell Records 

„ Zedler. 

Foot note — instead of "raising fight" read "running fight." 
There are, I dare say, a few other misprints. The above are the most 
important. Some of the statements made in the "Story of the Domus Dei" 
will be doubted, possibly declared inaccurate by antiquarians. I shall be very 
thankful for any correction ; also for any informaticm which may throw addi- 
tional light upon a subject which I have studied with intense pleasure. 

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Foot note — ini 




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