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Gc M. L. 







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TH'. ivwrr^ OF a f 'vjiicii jiuiD;s'.':.;D 

IN THE -OLD N ^l Tll .SST 


Francos R, Howe 

"But eacli for the joy of oh- '. orlciri;' 
anc' each in his separate strr, 


;e-s it 

Shall draw the thine; as 
For tjie God of t'nin;'-s as tney ara 


Colujfous, Ohio 
Press of Wits dike Bros. 

INTUODUCVI N 1,^90220 

it has bncsn in r-iy r-dai) for a i jii.;; tiiac 
to vn:'ite tno triio st"'ry of iny hoiiic , con- 
cernirip; -.Thich th'r e hr.s:^ hevn go much 
saicith:vt is by no ineans in accord, nee 
v/ith facts. I did iiern to writ to tell 
my tale until th-: hundr-dth annivr-rs:iry 
of Grrtndf.-'tlior' s build in'; this hone in 
th<^ v/ilderneso, but; as otliei's arr- pi'3- 
parin,'- to thc^ fiftietli anni- 
versary of the establishment oi' a u: tii- 
olic diocese in Northern Indiana, it 
seems to me tliat this v/ill be a suitable 
tiiiie for my narrative, 

i am not goinf, to trouble mys.-li \.ith 
reference to r- cords and documents, 1 
shall tell ^,:hat I knov.^ fi-om my ov.ti e::- 
perience and obs^.-rvat on, and idiat i 
have lec'irned from family traaition, told 
to me by my mother and other persons of 
her day and gen'?ration. 1 am not goi^S 
to try to adopt the t\;entiGth century 
lit':er-;ry style, my tale v/ill be of the 
early decades of the nineteenth century 
and must be told in the lan'"U'»ge of that 
period. Ue do not frame a Gothic :.'ork 
of art in a Kena is ranee setting. 

Pioneer li"o in the old iMOi'thv/est v; s 
not a re "iod of monumental vice, Uf 
course sin existed - som.e o •' it vas bru- 
tal, nearly all of it S'dfish, and some 
of it pitiful, but good triuiaphed over 
evil always, ihei-e v/ere many lo/^.ly 
virtues practiced in those days, ana in 
spite of the necessarily simple life of 
the back v7.)ods, there v/as lauch true ele- 
gance, united to genuine polit'-ness. Sin 
did not exist in any jionumental form, and 
v/hat mi-^ht seei;i sinful to narrov;-mineed 

persons, kno\.'in.7; only tiui conaiLioiu; of 
life ao they nov; cire, v/.m.-. , in roility, 
true virtue. I allude t ) tho custoia of 
coiiirnon-lav; iriar'iu;;e , which wa:: in r—n- 
eral in the backwoodG o£ vAi.t iMorth- 
west of one hundred yj^.rs a^yj , by r^;. ;_> ^n 
of circiunstrinces both politic... 1 ,.nu re- 

historicall3A the ninete^-nth centU2^y be- 
gan in chaotic confusion, ev'.oi'ythin'r re- 
1 a t i n;-"^ t o f, o v e r ni i e nt , \-7he t h e r of c hui ■ ch 
or state, seeined to be rele^^ated to an 
embryonic condition. Wov/her*- was this 
felt morf than in the pione :]• settlenents, 
especially v/h^^ -g th'3 dominant r^^li^zion 
v/as uatholic, and in the pa,^:es of tlii;-. 
narrative, refer-ence v.'ill be ii.'i.(':e fi^om 
tine to tine to these phases of histo-'-y. 
A form of religion disunited from the 
Stat 3 dooo not feel tae 5:hock of politi- 
cal chan.res, but v;hei'e the cl-'j."gy are ::ub-- 
sidized by the state, changes oi" govern- 
ment do af-^'ect the v;t;lfare of religion. 
The priests serving; the pioneer settle- 
ments of iMortli America v/ere witiidravm 
from their flocks v/hen uanada was sepa- 
rated from i:'"rance, other changes rusulted 
v/hen the United ^Dtates b^icarie independent 
from i!>ngland, i^ot only did eacii change 
of government bring a change of clergy, 
but likewise the suppression of religious 
orders in different countries of tiiurope 
affected the religious status of the pio- 
neer population, V/e can dismiss the 
toric of these changes in one or tvjo 
sentences or in one paragraph, but of- 
ten these changes meant not only many 
months, but sever.- 1 years, of total 
absence of all authorized religijus 

- ^ - 

f uncti:)!!:; , in tlu; v.'ide sp.'ce o.i.' t(UTii:-o:-y 
knov.Ti as Iho huckyjoods scttieiiiontf. • bvi^n 
in our rapid tii;i(;s reorr,anization is 
gIov - in those O'lyc ii- Vuus slov: ind(Mjd, 

Ono thin?'; alone vn.thntood all clian:--o, 
ihnt iv'^s tlu^. Ghristirn fai'iily. Territory 
mi-"ht be sliovod alon:: froM on<: !;ov':j'n! ii^it 
to the next, mi;ht be brcinsferred froM 
one state to another, one diocese ni-ht 
be divided anc] subdivided, many dioeeses 
mi^^ht be joined to'^ether into nev^ nrov- 
inces, clerry nii' ht be told to abandon 
th(^ir oeople at the bic'din^' of church or 
state, or both - family life remained, 
aad on tlie ^hristi.rn houseJtolds of ':,h(- bac 
v/oods rettle^ leats , devolvp-d "cjie duty of 
keepinf-; alive uhi':" simian standn.rdr. :>£ mo)-,-..l 

Then arose a raove"ient on the pci.rt of 
devout laymen of inde^^en^ ent means, to 
labor for the salvation of those dwelling 
in the v.dlderness . Kor this pui^})ost:' t. ey 
built homes for themselv'^s and their fami- 
lies on the reriote boundaries of iimerican 
civilization in order to hold the fort 
for future christian effort, anc- to form 
a nucleus for a church v/hen church and 
state, dioceses and reJ.if^ious orders, 
would be reorfanized upon a firm and la rat- 
ing basis, 

nil churches recognized the? necessity 
of such a course, and more th.-tji one reli- 
gious denomination sent this class of mis- 
sionaries into tlie unoccupied territory 
o^ v:hat vjas tlien called the x*orth\.est, to 
build homes in v/hich reli-~*:on and civili- 
zation mip"ht worl: hnnd in iK'nd foi- the 
betterment of^rs in the backA;oods, 


- I, - 

uut of Litis excel '.ont iiovcini^nt cr.i-.n n 
moro syst.^Miiatic arr.- n^^-' ■• lont concc'iiiii^; 
con: 'On-l.qvT narri:""cp>, irr -liif.-h n'.vj C 'i'li- 
lics mi'^-ht ^o^in ord-rly lives anrl ''ulti- 
ply tho num'ier of Ghrintirn h nisoiiolc:-^. 
For v/h'^r'o neitl'ir clnircli noi* state had 
outi'ard visD.bla existoace, t)K;j.-e v/.-ir; noi- 
thpr -nriost nor .iud'^e to authorize tlio 
iTiari'iaao i-alation, :;a() yot, \rith all 
reverence l^nO^ ir.oooaty, in a truly God- 
fearing, lnv7-abiding spirit, ^^oun" peo.'-le 
plif'htcd thcii' troth, oil-har befo ■; !-.h(:i.r 
parents or their friends, or, v/hcuuthe 
V7ornan, lonely cUid unnrotccted, a.cceptud Xiie 
honorable shelt'.n- of a /"ood man's iiorae, the 
marria;'{0 vo\7S \:ere sv>oh;^n in the pr sence , 
of the bridegroora's clerks anri servants. 

Such raarriaf^es v/c.'e honored by fideli- 
ty and af.'.'ection endurin^; until death. 
Sometiiics the union receivacaf-'r: ;.':.l 
t i o n la t e r on, s o me t i : .e s n o i;. • If c ii :' 1 <-< i • e n 
had been born to the union previous to 
such fornal sanction, the lav;s of state 
or territory v/cre consulted to secure to 
children born previous to ^■'•>-- sanction the 
same riidits of inhei'itance as -ould have 
been accorded to those boi'.i ai'ter tlie :■ ar- 
riaP"e had been forrically blessed by a 
clerpyiri^m o*' autliovizod by a judr<e. 

At the bep-inninp" oi." tiie nineteenth 
century, uatholic laissionai'ies had labored 
amon.R tlie Indians v/ith but little perma- 
nent success for n-^aii y te^o centuries, iis- 
cetic lives had both aided and retarded 
their labors. The Indian mind failed to 
make the distinction bete^een self-denial 
and barbarous instinct. It v;as difl'icult "^ 
for the missionaries to t ach tlaem. to c ist 
asi'-'e their savaf.o customs, unaided oy one 


- 5 - 

exaitiplc of Chi^istitm households conciuctcid 
in an orderly, civilized i.anner. The 
poorer class of pioneers were also in 
dan^ror of slip].>ing av/ay froi;i civilized 
life into bai'barisra, unless encou:\;,';ed by 
a hip:h'?r class, and aided by bein,^: tc-iken 
into the cruploy of vell-to-do fariilies. 

These riatte: s were freely discu- sed a- 
monp; the devout Uatholics o;' that day, 
with the result that m-'ny of the laity 
v;ent out into the backv/oods as lay inis- 
sionaries. They were not encroacnin^^*; np- 
on the prerogatives of the clergy; in ir^t- 
ters of piety and vii^tuc, they i^e.Vi rood 
exaniple, by industry and by charity; 
they employed the idle, car(;d for the 
poor, and extended hospitality to the 
travel'-r. Their homes made it possiole 
for many clergymen not sufficiently ro- 
bust to camp out \;ith savages, oi- S'^-ek 
shelter in the rude cabins of the poor 
settlers, to minister to the spiritual 
needs of the dv/ellers in the ^/ild^ mess. 
As the honored guest of a well-regulated 
faiaily, the travt.-ling clergym^m appecu-ed 
in a more advantageous light. He was 
seen in the full dignity of his sacred 
mission : nd thus won a fuller homage for 
the Gospel Message. Such in outl:5ne was 
the uotholic homestead of a hundr...d ye- rs 

Dec. S, 1906 

Bailly Homestead 

Westchester Township 

Porter County, Indiana 

GiiAi''; ..-I. 

In the for;: ''lo in;"" inux'Ofl:ic -ion I 
h:^vo y)riintGd in the clisor-ncf^ r.iu^ tho ;.o- 
mosphero of i.iy picture c'nd n''\', p's. the 
ImMeciiate bn. ck-;-i'ou;icl tiio •■of, 1 v'i.l.J. 
relrte the principal circuiistencof- in 
the livn of my uranc'T)ar(";nta , pi'evious 
to the (e.te of who buile'in;-; oX" their In- 
diana hoiee . They i.'e]'e vjell eJ-ony in 
years V'hen t]r:y decieed to !';:ke their hoeie 
here, ara^ in order to a^'rrecicite their 
lives at the Vlamest a^d, ue auGt ]:n n-^ the 
event e tlir t shewed and laoulded their 

bAr Giaandi:! -^ther v/as born A. T), 17^'3' 
in the Fv-^-nch settleiient knovm ar^ itiviere 
des Raisins, then vr thin the chart.;]- lim- 
its of Connecticut Colony and en tire^^site 
of the toaai oi' iionroe in i-.ichi-"rn. Ker 
father, a (jascon yentleaa,. oi the nei'ie of 
Le Fevre, v/as the mosu influential person 
in thi- bcickvjoods villa'-:e ; hi vd.-' . v/as a 
vronican of j:in^-'-led French and Indian des- 
cent, with r^ny pov/erful relatives aruonn; 
the Indians. She nuat h- ve been a vo::V\n 
ot very deterriined character and ^-r at 
pov/er of adaptability to circunstances . 
As Lia.darie Le Fevre, £'he -pL:.Ycd the role 
of an elep;ant French lady v/ith ra'ert^ suc- 
cess, doin;-; the honors of hei- huf-;band^s 
establishrient in exce-'-lent form, .is one 
of the lea din."- gentlemen )f tir.; reyion, 
it devoid' ed unon 1-1 )nsi-eur-Le Fevre not 
only to facilitate tliat form of comim:rce 

'i^Konsi-eur was pronounced as h(u-e writ 
ten. as a centre ction oJ' iiOns-e-i-.>^neur , 

knov/ii a;-, > Vnr ly-uU^, hit, -il;:,, i. , -c y^ 
alive: t,iM> 1:1 -lit o" .t''!'ilh in i.h,. r,. ,• fts 
oi' th:^ Uhrij^tian DoiMilati ^ jji , ; a,' to ofOM^l., 
the ±nt''r-:\V.r, oi ;uivanc.i ir ; civ.l 1 1 ;:,■ t ' on, 
HiG hour.iv v;a.s a i-cncl a zvous foj- ,-; M L,ior:e 
i nt " ■ (■; .s t e cl i. n d a v c; 1 ( ) v^ i n r; 1 1 1 u : ■ 5u ) ir (a .• s 
of" tiio almoc-3t unoxi-iloia-^d la.r thv/e.-t ; it 
likev.'ise sholt 'red tiie ini^aicy o ' .'• j.i- 
p: ion, ■ a i ■ i t \ ;a g d e c i ; i c : d i n c ; :•: i - c d i ci at to 
build chui'c'iGs oj- c/iap;^l in tiu h:. c'a/a nk- , 
so divine snavice \;: a o.la7'.ys iiald in i.iic^ 
home of the fn;;dly i. ■> aiiase aaot.ctijn 
v/aa confined the spirit:v.l Oi' 
the little flock, ns tjie i liarionarics 
had no puriiianajit home joui-ma/in!-. hitaer 
nnc' thither, no laerais of adeoia.tely 'oi-q- 
t^^ctin'" chapela froia rec!ale;-.s paof,'.tners 
could be cieviaed, thej-efor-; the (Jatlialic 
homest:_;.-al v)laaned its aii.ialc- architiC- 
ture, v.'ith a viev; not only to •'aniily lifr-, 
but also 'or the aae of r^-:li aoue n a-vices, 

i'ly Grrondjiiothai^ recollect'^d liev^ h^me, 
de:-^cri aaae it as a larf!;e aiii:-,e house, 
built in an atteeipt at a^hat is nav/ ce.lled 
colonial style. The sleeaina apr'^a^taents 
v/e: (^ upstaii's, ann a loa-a- st >ry v;as di- 
vided ±nti) tv70 parts by a lona narrov/ iiall, 
on one side of vjhich v/as a lona pcirlor, 
V7hich could be e.ivided into ta-o rooiis, by 
curtains; on th:: other siae v;ea:'- tiie din- 
in-^'- r^)orn, Icitchen ene a conceci.led stciir- 
ca s e , 

V/hen the C^itiiolic laission-.a-y c;..j'ie 
to Iiiviere des Raisins, lie t:.)ok up his 
abode in the parlor, one-h'ilf o.' t'nich 
beca .e his priv,M:e apartiae/it, tae othc;r 
be in": arran'-aai as a cha"i el, tae ainin^,- 
roor.1 sc^rved as sacristv. Tjiese lauch- 


pri7.(Hl vjrit,s v/oj^o bi-irr, ar-{K'-. ;)ri t 
h;Kl to tr-r-Y' j\sr! iirtnv .tiic^r. oJ" v/i Li-cm-iu':'.' 
in or(\o.r to cov j' tlio .hoi..' s' lu.. vat, 
but scantily T30})ul.a tod narislu uurinr: 
his absence it dovoivca ib on th )S(^; \'lio 
hcsd tendej'ed him lios])itality to j-eidnd 
his huiablor pariSiiionp.j-s oJ' tuo Jf'o,,s 
and Fasts, and to sck; that cli.ildr n, 
born : ft' r hir3 (ieo-u't irrj , \70re duly uap- 
tized Vv'hen in dan,p;or of death » 

rjurope; n u:\tholics, ro;jred in the 
peace and traai'-iu\li;.y accoinied to whi'is- 
tianity dMrin--- tlie betuer I'-rt :)f th.e 
nineteenth centur;/, do not, i\nC\ cannot 
undorst/uid the lives of oijneer oat,holic^. 
ihey feel that t'lese Cath'.).lics hiac^ no 
rir;ht to sepai'ate thc-^raselves froia densely 
populated centex-s, A/h-: J^^: t-m out^ 'ard ob- 
servance of relir'i-n is alvja.ys ."h)s .v-ii^le , 
ihey fail to cons idea that at the De lod. 
whereof I an novj v/ritiii'^, na'-iely the lat- 
ter pai^t of tho eip:hteeni.h century, 
iiiUrope V7::s strivin'^: to pull cio\7n tae v/nol3 
fabric of t h: t r e 1 Ifzl on , al c h l \ le s e 
huinblc pione-?i-s v;ere endoa.vorin-- to ob- 
serve v/ith so rauch love and lideiiLy, 

In theii" aonies, family T)niyei' \;as 
greatly in evidence, and fathcu- i,n(\ moth- 
er, ooin:-- an endurin''-: relip;! ;us inrius^nce 
in t'neir household, fo.-nd no difi/iculi,./ in 
receivinp: honor I'l-om their childi*on, a.nd 
they had like\/ise po\;erful incentives to 
rende?^ tiiemselves A/or^hy of such honor, 
c^uch v.'a.s th.e ]\o\'\e in v/liich i .y grandmoth- 
er sv'ont the first eirlit of her 
li 'e. 

IT) - 

./hon she wis n Irtlli'^ V''y'^ li^-'-i" 
seventh yc: r , in Mr^vin^-- lii it; cninn;.!. .■ovuifl, 
tho prif\'--t. F,avo thi.- sor;'ov7f vil nvvjs of 
gr-.'at polj. r.icc'il c;i.n)i/":<-s in i^uropc itnd 
America, v]\ich v/oul' iKwe, as jae j^iT.jit, 
the bre.-'kii !,'■'■ uo oi' uiio Catholic iiiir>i ions 
fOx^ an indefinite oeai )(i, witii iiinrt^ 
than ordinary fej-vor all ^it tha.t 
i'lass , V7hich \fas to be Vnc last ojie cele- 
brated under that rtDai', xhe childiv^n 
v/ere more thoroughly instinicted; cai^e- 
ful dii^ectionvS v;ere /^ivMi l-,o ]^arents to 
prepare therii for First Holy Comniur.J.on on 
the return oi' the iiissiona.r'^'-. Adult nee- 
phytes v;ere likev.dse exhorted to ma/ce 
readiness for their last chance o.^ 
communicants. I-ia.dar^e Le Fevre v/as then 
to be received into the Church, ^-^hile 
her older.t dau^-liter, i^arie, my G;c\'ind- 
mother, alrf\ady fuLly prepared by assidu- 
ous study of the Catechism and precocious 
piety, T'/as to receive Holy Communion 
for tlie first time at the next anc' fare- 
v:ell visit of tl'ie priest, laiich v/a.s to be 
some time in 1791. 

\7hen this farev;ell v;as jmade, if it 
ever v/as made, Madame Le Fevre v;as a 
V7idov/, her t\io child laan, Marie and An^^^e- 
lioue, orphans defrauded of thei)- inheri- 
tance, and compelled to seek rei'upe 
amon,'": their Indian relativ>)s, Iiy Gr at 
Grandfather Le Fevre died ouite sudden- 
ly, his family rema.inin.;'; in peaceful 
possession of their- hon'e until i:he ar- 
rival of relatives from Europe, vho, 
ip;norinp; his American marria-'-'e, claiiied 
ail his v/ealth, and drove his v/ife and 
her tvjo little ones into the street. 

1 - 

Nevr^r to hnr dyinr: d:iy did my 
Grandmothftr f or; :ot tiie .-^.vjful desolation 
o£ that d;:.y and hour, \;hon joc-rinp:, laock- 
inp; stranrei's took forcible po5r3e;.sJon 
of thoir home, ind they stood by tiir road- 
side, takinr^ nothin.p; v'ith ohem but the' 
clothes they hannened to be wearin.T* 
An,fT,ela v/as not yet three yepr.s oln, but 
Fiarv, rr'de into a -nreine.tur :-^ vomyn by her 
early reli.'^ious prep" ration, passed 
through the exi^erience vrith the s^^rious 
feelin-n of riper years. >.it]i full, e.irn- 
est and patient confifiorce, sl'ie cas.t a.ll 
he care u-'on Him, whose .n;race vjas to be 
wit)^ her throu,f?h all the ye. rs of bitter 
tri.-l -.aat lay betv;een h->r and h-cr l''irst . 
Holy I'O- muni on, 

kary had inherited her father's 
nature and his piety, but in her moth' r's 
heart all desire of civilization, all 
faith in God's /-.oodness, died out; the 
fierce bitterness of tue injured sav.;Ke 
leaped into bein.r;, and henceforth she 
turned her back u]^on tlie God of txie Chris- 
tians - not in disbelief, but in fierce, ^ 
bitter, reven.preful hatred. She called Him 
a liar, v.'ho ha(. broken liis promises to 
the v/idovj and to the fatherless; a covjard, 
V7ho dared not orotact the helpless. If 
she had only been patiently ann hope.^ully 
faithful, v:hat an abundcUice of go xl mi.rlit 
she not have done amon,^, hei' Indian r>-la- 
tive-, vn'-th v/hora she spent the rest of lier 

Some of these relatives ha to 
be nt Uiviere des Raisins. They took Jier 
and he^' children vnth th.em into their vil- 
ia.fre of L'Ari.'re Croche, ne^ir Little Trav use 
bny, v/her • th-jy shared tiieir vc;ry l^ v.itn 

- 1: 

theij-^ v/idoved relative .-nci i\e,- i''i^>:iic!i 
children. 'Jh-ni v/e rc-col.le ct i/lia;-, ti'-uif.- 
pir-ed in Kr:\iice dui-in/-;; t'^io li'r>t (\eci.\e 
of the eirliteeiith centui^y, ^•,•e i.uct .•(liiit 
that. Many .-^ l-'r-onc]! 1; dy o'" hi/'ihor de- 
/^ree liv.^d in le-s comX\:)rt ;:nr f3>xnj\i.ty, 
foi' t,]"je--o Ott-'v:as, anon; ■'■]i')!i ;:]i.-.' \;,->n 
so ' Tv c('iv(ni, were not ^'j- ci^vclv 
sr^^ares, tjicy v;e>'e at toat tii^e almost 
civiliz-:d, they posaerrcul a ;■,' .a- tools 
and nnderst 'Od theii' us :. !/ith hatwViic^t 
a.nri II 10 , their n.-^tient in^^-onn.ity ::.chi-;V(jd 
a fair aiaount of coi.ifort, 

Theii* d.v;ellin'as "i/exe tv.o-stoi'y .lop: 
builuin-;s, the ci'uvicec st'ifred \;ith 
prairie rraas an- cJ.::y, tiie roofs c(.)V^ red 
v.'ith baric shinal..;s, ta'aen froiu bii'Ciies 
and liei^ilochs, one of tjie:-.: bail dings 
held sever:: 1 families, Tlr; dv;elling 
v/as erected around a coiirt , in ohe cen- 
ter of v/jiicli the craapfire v/a.s alv^iys 
burnin;';. Th.e .-^^roumi floor rooms v/ei-vi 
storage for px'ovisions and oth^-r ..^ropei'ty 
not needed in tiie livinr; : partia.jits. a 
sort of veranda or balcony in tiie u 'per 
story ran around the court, and on tliis 
balcony the i:omen sat anc' ch.atted, c: red 
for th'3ir children, •■ ove taeir li^atr., en- 
bro-ider-.d their finery, rnd fashioned 
their simple garm.ents. uhildren tumbled 
arounrl, all ov r', and evei'y mothier at- 
tended to the not sparin/^ of tli-i rod, 
independently of any personal i'i;-%ht or 
claim to the child needina th^o sai.e. 

V;hos:«-'''--'i" the hunter that brouyht 
the p;a];ie , tne mea.t v/as for a.1.1 , aiid tiie 
campfire was fed by all. Uooking uten- 
sils, hov.-ever, v/ere priv:ite property, 

■'ind c;;>ch v/i.]."': c-'oli^d tnily i Jiu' I'li.j'lr, Tor 
her ovn .i'.iMily, .ill \/>-ji'.ced ii the .I'Mold , 
wUoi-^' ;:ro": coi'n, poo:it(B;" ^lul S'^i ^;i!(;£^ , 
/ill ::,.li':n l)i tii • c.'->r, , as \;.'_1.1i 
hunting", so v.'ioii I'ishirr-, arif-. \/!kui !'/fi<y 
m-Hke tiieir annual s~iV')^O.y o'^ i.inpl'j sii'';'i', 
the saju^ riilo vja.--'. ohsM'Vod, Those \.'(^]' 
busy hj.v'^s , in i.^hich t'lor" v/o]-'- n-') ('rori •■ ■ , 
v;hil'':' a do'ro-yo:)t.c:f' sonsc: -vf jii-.i^.c^ af'r^ 
e'-'u: 1 rii'-'its rcs^)act^d. 

Into ono oa those; co-oo rati"^^^ ho rr;- 
holc^, iiadoMG Lo F- Ym r ]\(,] ]iec littlo 
f-ii-\ls 1/0 ro kind.'ly ciuC t^ort liospita'oly ro- 
ceiv'^d, Li ttlo An':ela s-}on ada''');'.;:d ao:^:^!; 
to hc-r siir]"ounr!in'-s , rjia': i'.;iry n -a/ ,]■ ''o -.^'Ot 
Christianity ond its accu'avaivin'' c.i. /J.J.i- . 
zation. The French lr.nrruaFe , t!v ; lattoi's 
oT trie alphabet , the iiotaod and racnlty 
of r'o::.din'T, vmi- all blotted ou^ o. ' 'vr 
riind by the fever o.l t}.orro\i end hope l.^f^s 
r e ^ ret, b u 1:, s n . : n e v f -• :- ^ f ■ ) i • ■ ; o t t i e If s s o n s 
o.f he..' Uatecaisii, nevc;r lost tiie jiabit of 
prayer, and as she rn-Ai no into iiciture 
girlhood and lea.rned th(^ p>ov:or of he:* 
wonderful beauty, her cOiistant ho])e \7as 
tha.t she j'li' ht /leet a French gentlema.n, 
V7ho , by jiialcin.r^, her his t'if ci , i/ould r'. stoi-e 
her to h.--]- ri--htful :)osiiaLon, './hen heu" 
mothc^,r to speak to her of .'.mrr-iaae , 
she bec^••':ed theit ]ier fathe.-'s rank and 
station should be recoil'', ct'al, and t;La.t 
siie shouda" not l^e compelled to i.'ed a iirire 

Those v.^jio have atterapted to v.a-^ite tlie 
history of the oldi Ijorth- ^rst, vnthout any 
knov.^ledae or "oerasonal acoaiaintai^ice ^./ith 
those vjhose lives \/er- inerv/oven i;it;i 
the event. s that usher .d in the dav.Ti of 
our k-estern civilizatian, spea.k of French 
traders as a class of inen, ■'.■ho^ p-ivin^;; 

of ".}i'-; inc):l:'.ru;., ;nv^. t)-'C:';ic^ th- (^.roi\\.' ■'. .t 
To.'R of tho i'li r^r;i.on'iJ'ioi; . Not \..'^, •; ; i,o 
uno '}"ftoof! that tlir^ lo^Mtinato t;;vir(^j' 
vjas alvays a chosen n-.n - a ^au r>'" nihili- 
ty and tact; ho wac .tiio travoll - n.n; a-- ^nt, 
01' active nartner of s m';*; i' ir:>t-cl. .r.r. 
house. Ho haa to procvir*.' a p"OVGrnr.ient 
license, end ceulci no-. ,<;o out o ' t-'.; 
territory assir^neci to leii.j. He licie o;0.i":'.-'d 
to be prudent and sober, :<.nO if e,t ti ,t;s 
he took a seer:lin.'^■; ^era't in soj:ie hai'iil; S5' 
Indian fr'Stivity, it \ii[S fi-or.i the n^ c^es- 
sitv 01 beinr^ e.ll thiji e uiiuo all i.k^ji. 

There vjas, hov/ever, a o:.' ral- 
venturi;i-s , o':"" no true re.ce or n, ti )n, to 
whom tlie Indians ,p;ave the sane n.-eie by 
vAvJ eh they designate the. French - an epi- 
thet ai) •li'.'d by tiiern to ell th- L.-tin 
n-'tions. These I'len vroj^ vjiiat ue no-. ■ cell 
Eurasians, i^en of jiineled iCuroT)ecai and 
Asiatic descent , "lio, .^'indinr; th',-] selves 
out of elac;'-- in botii /isia f\ncl Sur ^'oe, 
carne into thr^ An^i^ican v/ileernees to cj-e_ 
ate a special existence foj- t]ie;asc:lv':^s , 
in vdiich they ninp:led all the vices of 
these t^'o continents, the barberity 
of the North American save 'a?, Anfoiti ous 
an': tyrannical, keeii v;ittf,^d -ne' unscruya.!- 
lous, with a varied knowled'^e of ell th^^ 
occult sciences, in sorae ree^^ect (greatly 
in advance of :,heir tii.aes in the :.'iatter 
of real science, brinreiaie \7ith them all 
the foul rites of i.'oi'ajiip Vvaiich entei^ into 
the sciences o.-".' darkness, they easily 
gained and held a suoreiiiacy over th.^ se.v- 
Rfr.e i'lind, vhich Gospel iaissiona.eies 
struf" led against, almost in vain. Nei- 
ther did tlieir influ.aice vanish v.dth 

- is- 

their (ieath, for tivvse -len left a nuiiC- 
rous progeny to continue the v/orks of 

Amonp; all these Eurasian faiailios, none 
attained a greater influence, none in- 
creased more rapidly in n\imbers, than the 
descendants of a certain De La Vigne, or 
Delia vigna, ihey evidently h, d .v.oine se- 
crets of electricity, greatly in advL-nce 
of the age in which they lived. Among 
the many wonderful things that seemed 
miraculous at that time was an oft proven 
fact that they had means of direct and 
immediate communic:^tion with one another, 
no matter if parted by distances exceed- 
ing one hundred miles. ihis, of course, 
suggests some form of v;ireless telegraphy, • 
ihey were skilled in sleight-of-hand 
tricks, and were experts in hypnotism. 

ihere v/as a repulsive charm about them, 
at once attractive and repulsive, ihey 
inspired fear v/hich was neitlier reverence 
nor aV7e. They v/ere handsome and beauti- 
ful, but it v;as the beauty of a bril.liant 
serpent, and the fear felt in their 
presence wns precisely the same emotion 
as that produced by a pov-erful serpent. 
They were tall and litlie, ' ith piercing 
eyes and a vivid bronze coloring, v/hich 
would have told the skilled portrait 
painter that in order to bring them into 
his canvas, he must sprecid his palette 
with tints of different mixtur^-s from 
those needed to depict the America. n abori- 
gine, in a v/ord, they gave full evidence 
in their personal appe.- ranee of their 
iiiast Indian and possibly Italian origin. 

These De la Vignes were the Borgias of 
the uttE'Wa nation and its greatest medicine 

men. ihey brevvod pov/orful rind subtle "'^' 
poisons, and tonight the; v;ors;.jp oJ' the 
Great Serpent, v;ho represented tlie Pi'ince 
of the Power of Air and of Darkness, 
v;hose rites closely resembled those of 
Astarte and Dagon. Parisian ojera has 
put these rites upon the stage, c-nd the ^ 
lovers of so-called realisia might enjoy 
minute descriptions of these orgies, but 
even in their i-iort savage condition, the 
Ottawa s numbered among themselves many 
good men and v/omen, v:ho shrank in hoiror 
from these scenes of vice, arranged es- 
pecially with the vievj of propitiating 
the Spirit of Darkness. 

The seed of the Gospel, sov/n by Father 
Marquette and other early missionaries, 
had borne fruit, not abundantly and not 
in its fullest development, but it v/as there 
av/aiting further cultivation. The earli- 
est missionaries could not find a church; 
their utmost efforts ended in awakening -^ 
that v;hich Saint Paul so feelingly des- .) 
cribes as "the groaning of the expecta- 
tion of the creature," Their hearers 
transp-itted to their posterity this long- 
ing expectation of better things, of a 
religion to be taught to them yet more 
fully. Meantime, they strove to be good, 
decent men and women, that they might 
render themselves worthy of a fuller 

Such were the moral and religious in- 
fluences in the Ottav/a village of L^Arbre 
Croche during the girlhood of iiarie Le 
Fevre. V/hile her mother soon became a 
quiet votary of the Great Serpent v/ith- ^ 
out entering into the vices of tiie more j 
ardent devotees of that cult , I'larie re- 
mained steadfastly a Christian and truly 


Not lonr, afto]- sIk^ lid deii ni^cd of \\oc 
motiinr n.>i: to 1)'^ f'iivcm in Mnr :-j:' ■■•(« tn :ny- 
ono but n. Frcmrlim.-in, nnr^ oP tli^ riu);-.i- in."J.n~ 
entinl I'lCMnhnrs of tlit^ jje 1.-' Vi^'-)ie r.Xn 
becpMP a -uitor for ho^' hn nc] . iicj- n.>th';r 
stornly] \\o.r arroiii. , tdlin • lier 
that tir^ orif':J.nal uo. Ir Yl-nip v:ns a.s ; ;uch 
a rrenchman as hor ov/n f • tii ■!■, : n(] thr^t, 
thereof ore , th's V')UiU': Mm v;-:f^ a ;:niuablo 
match for hor, also lie ne.iii'; nri;]^:i;i\;(i to 
^ive he ■ a dv/cO.liii,':; soparateXy i'r;)i; 
others, she rai--;ht cjn^. j.d^;r thru p.. ciifx'ici- 
ent ruturn to civilized liI'Li, 

herhans not on';; of tliat stiv'-n -e rr..:i- 
ly had ever been so devolved to occult sci- 
ence end its acco]^;nr'nyin •': rites as \J is 
younp" man. He passed der-:i"ee aftei- eer^i^ec ■ 
in the nedicine Lodr;e, im-cil lie rea.c::ed a 
point beyond i/riich iie rai lit not :;[o unless 
his Tjif.\ join'^d hiin in t>h.! pei-f or. icjice of 
certain rites. Fortunately for i-nip/, 
this v/orshj.p v/oulc' not avail tie pui- -ose 
if not sincej-e and he:'i'tfelt, ohn re- 
fused p;ontly but firnly, telliir'- ]iiM tiiat 
not even at lier husbcUid^s bic'dinr: could a 
V7ife la}^ the oblip^ations -f fidelity, 
vjithout d'-^eply offending the Gre.-i.t iaaster 
of Life, to r-hoia all our vrorshin and adora- 
tion vjas di-e. She bey-^M"! him to forep-o 
his infatua'-'-i'm 'or '"die snells of d:.rkness, 
her f'irn vrill, her f.-.:ith and ^^i^^ty c(~^n- 
quered all his hyrinotic influeiices and 
all bis incc^ntaoions, o-.t ne reinc'^.ined 
joined 1,0 his idols. 

According- to the lav/s of t;ie Uttav:a 
nation, a wife >::ivcn in i:iarriar:'e in her 
youth, aF:ainst hei- \;iil, nirlit, on at- 
taining i'ler of raa.j->i'ity , di-'orce 
herself fr )m a husband n.ot of htu- oun 
choice, pi'ovid id she left in iiis ii^iie a 

ce]"tain aiioimt of Ir.nist iiold y,[,<[i\-^ -^^^^i 
v/earinp; npparel, bop:':'tiie: \:lth i\ nnc-ci- 
.f-:;>r'' ^iMount o.f pi'oviv^-doiis . ulie launt 
\jeave uats, i :ako I'locca.'inii and Ic; • -i n;;s , 
embroic'ei' ; 11 tho usiu-l bi-av .j-y, dry 
fiMiit, squac/i, JioTnlny ; nd veni.'^on - i.ll 
a ceo ■dill'" to number or : oa.a-iirc . iiic:r.o 
prcparatioius coii]])lr.-tpd, ium could '.,:ke 
he- child' 'Pn and .roturn to iio r^: ■■.-ntr, , 
v^ho v.^ore obliged to receive lior 'iiKli.y 
and r OS T"'e ctf ully , 

i-iary i^esolvod to a, vail lioTS-'l^" of 
tJii.s la\7, r'.n^i she arra.n^-ed lior i > la nr> in 
ac^oivl.nce, i^lio p:athei'(HA rns.ies .i >r t.-^e 
raats, i.ade a.n a.bund,''iic^': of ba.rk tnr.'a.d 
for the "'irp, propa.."f^i jier- d \^ '^ fi'ani 
roots anc! bar':s, rot to^c^tj'H'r t^ojmju. -^uie 
quills fo]" he'- erab.roi;:ai-y , tended lier 
garden ratch of corn sciuasii, "."fch- 
erod bushels )f hucklebei-ries , v:iiich, 
v/ith her hoiainy, she dried in the sun. 

ue la virne was [';reatly occupied 
vjith a se^^ies of nedicine dances and 
prolonr.ed fasts, v/hich he undertool: for 
her conversion. These devotional ex- 
ercises viere occa' ion oT his p^-olonr^ed 
ab'-.ence frora home, so tl^at iia.ry ha.d 
abundant leisure to accomplish her tasks 
v/i t h in the a to po i n t, e d tine, i' 01 /a r d 1 1 1 e 
end, hov/evei-, she had a grt^'it deal of 
his society, but in a most T^v^ierd uncanny 
fashion. He be[-^an a series of endeavors 
to vjeave spells over her, by dancing 
around her cabin, beatinj^ liis drum, 
shakinp- his medicine rattle, \fhile chant- 
inf?; incantations. All durin^- this time, 
she sat on her simple couch of i-m'ts, 
sevjinr and embroidering, her lios mov- 
ing in constant prayer. 


At l:;'t, v;orii <)iil. ■. 'itli r.-.ftin!-; , 
cl-'ncinr-- r\nc] chantiii:", lio ''ell fUv.'u, cil- 
mont clnad jur-.t before hen' ca'oi.n door. 
Uith tlio f-reator.t riossibl*: kindnejr- :.iric] 
dili'-^ejice f3lte iiursed him bacJv tn Jio.-:.lth 
and strength, but v/hen he v/^u: rer. lored 
to a noriial ct:»ndition o'C raind ^mci body, 
he pe]'neived tli.-it all the condit ons of 
a divorce v/en: fulfilled, he ar,I:ed i-^^ary 
i'" she intended to lenve hiin mk. t^iJa; 
her chilcb'en v/ith hej^, Lihe reirlied in 
the affirnative, cieclririiif^ sue loathed 
idolatry too utterly to be hi ■ v/ifc. ne 
bov;ed his he.-.d in Jii.^i hands mio. \/eMt 
bitt -I'ly, but GuoLiitted to t^'ie inexu.Thle 
dict;ites of ;i lai.'" v.riich ve]^y fc'v: v/o: ;r.>n 
ever succeeded in fulfilliur:. 

wadame Le Fevre if.-;s conpelled by this 
same lavf to receive her d::u;':hter kinthly, 
Mary remained •.-ith liei' )ioth'-'r, puuv-ort- 
ina" herself nndi he ■ ch:'ld;T.n in vr.}"ry Much 
the sane manner that a v/O'i'in un(]er tb.e 
saaae circumstances v/ou.lcl liave recoiupse to 
in a civil.ized coiiMunity. ner nu.ill v;ork 
and her bc^jid emoroidex-y v:er(^ in de- 
m--.nd ; like^-:ise ner dried fruit and her 
hominy, i-^:ic]cinac, the head ou^irt err. of the 
fui" trade, and a militax-y outpost, V7as 
then the ei:iporium of trie iMorthvresto It 
afforded the inhabitants of L'Arbre Croche 
a liiart for tlieir siiai^le v;ares, i.nO tlitu'e 
1^'ia.ry sold her vrork an("' earned enou,:h for 
the sij.iD].e necessities of a quiet forest 
life. Unce more her hand i.-e.s sou,;,ht, tiiis 
time by a I'rench gentleiaan, v/ho lie.d, h )v;- 
ever, left a v/ife and family in -uebec, 
and only desired a temporary arran;':e:-;e:it . 
b'hen r^ary understood this, she dismissed 
the matter, reiLaininn-, ouietly v/ith. her 
Indian friends, idio, althour:h they did 
not- rep:ard he • as one of tjiems elves. 


lov.'d iior and er-t'.M-; lod Imr, .,nd v/.i.llin;';- 
ly'allov/od iier to nli.-n-'p idini]* lot. 

Yenrs came, rnd yo.i rr. v/ent, • ;irl one 
day as vslio arrivt.'d at i>iac]cinac Inlr id 
with a number oi her friend:--, a.ll bent 
on disi'osinf* of the articles tJie^: ]\:n\ 
fo.'.' s.-'.le, tile first rraver of lier rirl- 
hood recelvc^d its ansv.'^i-, She net thc^ 
Christian husba.nd v/hom she had s^) Ion,'; 
desii'od, and th.i.t evenin^'- she re-eiitf.u-'jd 
the pale of civiliz'' tion - t;ie ohi'iati^i.n 
mother of a Christian faiiilv. 




I have told )ay ur.-mdriotho]^' r, 1 i \- r.o 
far v.TV exnlicitly, ura.nd.rat/iiu^' j-, nxix^r?".- 
ences, alt;iou':l-i bca.rin-^ a faint r- re. ihlance 
to hern, aia; noi:, o!" a ciiaracter to a> -C: f-;o 
muca o ' a nari'ativr;, nc v;an bor-ii in -luajcc 
in 1774, of :' \;Ccalthy; ii.k)!:-' ri'iaich i<-'a.;i.. 
ly. Hia f^itiior, liitaicl bai.lly dc iKj.'ra cin, 
vji\i'- an ele;a^;nt sr^endtlix'ift , caui, unlucla'-ly, 
the e.state v/cus n^^t entailed , i.e ke^rt u."i 
a state rno style, wholly beyond hi:-: iiee.ns, 
an(: died absolutely insoDvent, le. vinr-; a 
v/idov:, t\;o eons, and a dauditei' t.) .;';■. ce a 
pov^-rty as coiiy)lete as io \>7as [genteel. 

ihe oldest con, Joseph b-.illy de i;cs-' 
sein, my yrandfat^ice-, ii.ii lediat'^ly a''^' lied 
hiiaself to the closest anc'i iioe'c soi'ioiis 
stud}.'' of business, nis entee d t;i(^ 
British amy .andi jii sistej' becaiie lady in 
v/aitinr to r-h'.-^ ^dfr^ )f the liovce-noe Geni .■•■1 
of Canada. Josev)h pled.rae iiiM.^_elf to the 
su/nport .)."" Iiir. v/idov/er' Mother, .['.:n(' finding' 
no suitablr^ ope nine in U ana da, caiae h'e:-;t, 
to p:rovr ur. tlie country, ere x*orace 
li r e e 1 37- x^r^ ,s b 3 r n , 

He proY.^i to be a first clase busijiess 
man. The talent and training, the ability 
that mi^iit liave m.aneyed a v;ist inh'.r-iterice, 
V7er'e ea\.ially v'ell adapted to carviny out a 
nev' future, Jos'^ili Bailly soon beca^^ic one 
of the most able business itien en:>p;ed in 
the fur trcifie. He v/as v/ell kno\.7i in Irasi- 
ness circles f ro: 1 huebec to he,,' Url ans , 
and his naiae could drav; a c rte bl;.:nche 
almost anyvmei'e. 

As ?io n:'.t J. 11 ]i;i.;-, o ■> oa Hic'rin: c 
Isl^^ncl ono a.:'i.(\''nv)Oii oi' t.iK.- i\ rl. •/ r.iU'.M'^r, 
in the ye i- oj' uui' Lord It'lU i;i;'uy vou.l.d 
havi..' c.'ilJ.Gcl h:im n h.-n^^'y iiL-ui, v.'e.-i.J.tny . iid 
handsoMG, r.uc(^.ps.s.ful in c-'liiu.^st. i.'Vii'yt.hiii: , 
let hi.:' soi'i'ovjs h.':(i oO'Ui iiany and /■;}'', 
for in tJic^. f'< yr. ^^"i" his O' wost-rn 
experience, he hed ; ler. a v-ry I'r.Gcin'.l;- 
in^ r.^Lrl Ox min-lcd Indiaji aen(: ^urarian 
blood, born of civilized p.-irente -■■ , \:\\'i\r[ 
he had hir^ v;i:"e accord:' n<- '..o couMon- 
lav: iisa!^e ere he r1i^-cov(y''(~^d t'l''.!'-, l,ru''- to 
he-'" iiiUrasir.n descent, rhe a-e.r, a S( Ci'^^t 
votarv of tiie Spirit ■>'' De/e-'nesr- , Paoient 
endeevor for tier- conv^rs:.)n, e- rjie:-t ex- 
pos tn.l at i en ^v'ith her .)n aceount oj' her 
nersistent afdieroace te i;ho rites -f. that 
fecirful celt, Drovin-" ' .' ne avail, iu:: Iv (• 
lon^" siece eut i-ei' aeic^e, cariir ."er tlie 
chilr'.-en bern duriir tneii' uni )n a:: best 
lie ceiile. He hac'.'nut a r- asiee, net 
choesin-'" to bear \'oke i/ith an unot.^- 
liever, even as the e:...rly Chir'c]i used 
the riile a.eainst Oi.-stin' to i^a-'-euis in une 
days of ^t , Paul, 

Was h:^ tiiinkin:'' of Jiese thin-s i:rirt 
afternoon as he .p^l'-nced at ifne sp)r.r}:lin-i 
wa.tei a ef the ;Dtraits ene noted ci flcot 
of canoes r -i. frienc eli:; shei-(e' iiis of?ice 
roon v;ith .hii/i also savr tiicari, and studyin'.; 
the tot-eis^said; "Bailly, you iw^^^ so fond 
of tjie bee.utifu.l in art s.nd n'j.tiree, ^^s- 
pecially of hui.ian eeauty, p--rticr.le^\ly in 
v/omen, you ar^e ^-oin"; te hciv- a tre<:;t. if 
JL re e. r ; t ) i e t o t e ; 'i s a. r i '^ h t , t ''' i o s <-') a r -^ L^ kvo r e 
Croche Inr'ians. If so, they v/ill 
uith then the I'lost b(eautifui v.^onan in 
the .,orthvrest - the 'Lily of the Lahes» - 
lla.rie Ue la Vi,^,ne, th^: dau^^htcr of a 
i^'rench .Rf^intleiaan, like veurself , a fur 
treder of the of Le Fevre, v;iio died 

manv years ar^^ at .:±v± r ■ d.T. iia if' •■>!-,. 
uho lives i^'th tlic; iriflians , b''caur.v nhe jias 
no otlKM" hO'iG, a.nri tlic^y aro !:inH t(^ jicr, 
bhe has hari a sorrowJ'uA l;i:>. , nul ,•; tri^l 
not unlike your o./n," 

Tho tv'o frionrls sauntered do\/n to i.iie 
beach to^^etjior A;hile urancl.1.'c';t;ie;' lo.: mod 
furthei' T-articulars oi' tiie sor.-o\7 ;:.o li;:e 
his ov/n. As her' canoo n;ratc:d on th'j st 'uy 
beach, lie stepped J.'(3r\:ai'd and a. ded i.ei* ;,o 
land, at tiie r->i\. .e tiiae i-ec]ue^'.tin ■ tlie 
honor oT hei- acouainta.nce , a.nd ..arie Le 
Fevre de !<•! vip:ne answer'-d, i:itn the 
modest boldness of a virtuoiu:. v/idoi;: 

"If it is for tiiG purpo5',e of honorr.ble 
v;edlock, yes, if not, no," 

"Ivi/, " replied Jose!)h Bailly de Mes- 
sein, "ray intc-ntions are ."lort bono:, -rble, 
1 hope to v'in you to be My lavjfiil v.d'"e," 

"But," rejoined i.iy vjrandriiotliRi^, "I 
am not alone, I an in sone sort, r v/idov;, 
and those," pointin"" to lie- .' tv/o lit"-le 
girls,- ^'are nj children," 

"I also have childv^en," re^^lied ny 
Grandf •. t'ler , "and if you v/ill be a mother 
to I'ly cliildren, 1 v/ill be a father to 
yO'irs. oome v;ith iie to iiyhome .--nc' 3ce 
my establishment. If }/ou are i .leased 
V7ith me, and what i have to ;-;ive you, if 
you can take ray childi^en to 3^our heart, 
you can bide adieu to all this," pointin;^ 
to the canoes. 

xhat evening Mai'ie Le Fevi-e, clr.d 
once more in ohe gari^ents oT civilization, 
was introduced to tlie asseiibled h.;useh;)ld 


oT clorUs :\\\0 sorv: n 
de Mes^oin, a nniio n] 
ricJier. i?or i^oorcj^ . 

,•.;• i-i,'i(l.-i.MO ,j;] 

"or b(^t",t>r 

.) i 

in nicknoss or in h»..':.lohj not onl ■' 
til (In/'tli deorivevl h'l- >\i' lu-r chiva 
rr'nch hur.banf^', bntv li'ce-. i-Dc bhi'ou,- 
thirty yeMr.s of a saintly v;ici(rrjioo(l 
v/hich lay bet\:cen h:l ;•:■ (iea. un, in IS'] 
and her' o\:n, in lu6o. 




chapti:r III. 

So far, the story of these dwellers 
in the great Northwest, nearly over a hun- 
dred years ago, is not seasoned by the 
usual horrors v/ith which such tales are 
generally made palatable. Sorrows and 
sins have been narrated and alluded to 
without any realism of war, paint and 
feather, scalping knives and tomahawks. 
It was, on the v/hole, a period of peace- 
ful goodness, fostered by a discipline of 
hardship, v^hich even the ricli could not a- 
void. Men and women desired marriage for 
the sake of home lil'e, took its duties 
seriously to heart. They neither excused • 
nor desired sin, ramily life, if not al- 
ways sealed with the formal presence of 
reli.p-ious approbation, was made holy by 
fara:^.ly worship and individual prayer, ihere 
was nothing that the most zealous Protestant 
would criticise. i>ome Catholics there are 
who condemn these (iod-fearing^ God-believing, 
people, because they resided so far away 
from churches, when the French first set- 
tled in i^^orth America, the clergy accompanied 
them in sufficient numbers, and their set- 
tlement was duly pi^ovided for, with regard 
to Divine Service, but v/hen the religious 
orders were withdrawn, and Louis aV sold 
the French possessions in North America to 
England, the religious map of the gr^^^at 
Worthv/est underwent a total change, leaving 
the remote settlements without clergy, af- 
ter their inhabitants were no longer truly 
iiiUropean, Return to the mother country 
was impossible, for they were not fitted 
for hiuropean life, neither could they have 
found means of livelihood elsewhere than 
in the homes which they had made for them- 

selves, Uompelled thii3 by force of circum- 
stances to remain where they were, they 
made the best of things, and the grace of 
heaven was with them, for a wise anii pru- 
dent clergy made the wisest laws possible, 
in view of the situation. 

Grandfather, and other rrench gentle- 
men, situated like himself, made the fa- 
tiguing and somev;hat perilous journey 
through forest and over lakes, rivers, 
cataracts, etc, to Montreal and Quebec, 
to purchase their goods and report their 
business annually, ihis gave them the 
opportunity needed to keep themselves in 
touch with the Church, Grandfather not 
only attended to the iiere rite of confes- 
sion, but he conversed at length upon all 
religious matters with the priest, who was 
his chosen guide. The clergy treated him 
with the greatest confidence and courtesy, 
for Vv^s he not bishop Bailly's nephew! 



The year after his raarria£re v/ith my 
Grandmother, he laid the whole matter, 
with all and evn.ry circumstance, before 
his confessor, who greatly approved of the 
step that had been taken to rescue a rrench 
lady from a dangerous, as well as an un- 
pleasant situation, it was deemed wholly 
unnecessary for her to undertake the fatigu- 
ing and perilous journey from Mackinac is- 
land to Quebec to ratify her marriage, 
which, under the circumstances, was valid 
and honorable. It was supposed that a priest 
would soon be assigned to the i^iackinac re- 
gion, and all would be well until then, 
Lirandfather, bearing a special blessing 
of the Church for himself and his family, ^ 
returned home in joyful expectation. -^ 
This was in iSll. 

-%1' . 

The follov;ing year, as we all know, 
war came. General Sherman was not there 
to define its horrors, but they v/urt* just 
what he said they were - organized and 
disorganized, riackinac was one of the 
storm centers, like the old Scandinavian 
town that was iiwedish and Danish three 
times in a day, Fiackinac Island was a 
shuttlecock that flev; between tlie oppos- 
ing forces* 

Indian warfare was hup:ely in evidence - 
some of it allied with the j^ritish, some 
of it allied with the Americans, and some 
of it just among themselves, m the gen- 
eral melee the Indians thought it was a 
good opportunity for the wholesale smash- 
ing of peace pipes and unearthing of long 
buried hatchets, ihere were medicine dan- 
ces and war dances, black paint and red 
paint; men and v/omen danced arouna blaz- 
ing fires, singing weird chants of savage 
execration prophesying that through uni- 
versal v/arfare betv/een the nations of the 
white race would come the utter extermina- 
tion of their pale face enemies, so thai 
the continent of America would be ov/ned and 
ruled by the red men from ocean to ocean. 

Whisky and brandy added to their fren- 
zy, but these v/ere mild beverages, compared 
to the fearful brews of the medicine caul- 
drons - decoctions of the strongest vege- 
table poisons known, the least virulent 
being the dreadful rhus of the three-leaved 
ivy. None were more skillful in the prepa- 
ration of these maddening decoctions, in 
which each ingredient was so duly propor- 
tioned to the other, that all danger of 
death v/as eliminated, than the ue la Vignes, 
headed by the whilom husband of Madame 
bailly. He had found a more congenial part- 

- i^' 

ner - and partners, ne and they led in 
all their fierce orgies, v;hich were al- 
ways followed by the bloody trail of 
the warpath. ^ 

For two years Madame Bailly had been r^ 
amid scenes of peace, the happy wife of a ,J 
wealthy gentleman, and for^ tv/o years more 
the fact that the seat of war included 
their home did not greatly affect her for- 
tunes. As long as the Mackinac , dis'-rict 
of the lake region w^as under British rule, 
she and h-r family were safe, for the fami- 
ly of Bailly de Messein was loyal to the 
Crown. It ha;i given one son to the Brit- 
ish army, and there were other proofs of 
loyalty, but when the tide of v:ar turned, 
things that hr d procured safety for ner 
and hers v/ere fraught with danger. 

In America, one hundred years ago, 
methods of travel resembled those still 
in vogue in remote parts of Asia. In the A 
Northwest public carriers v/ere then un- "^ 
known. aII travel, all transpor tion, v/as 
by caravan. Grandfather, with his household, 
his family and servants, formed his own 
caravan. He owned a complete camping out- 
fit, and if he travelled by water, he owned 
the barges; if by land, the horses wer "e his. 

i^ate in the fall of 1814, Grandfather 
and ijrandmother , with some of their ser- 
vants, v;ere travelling on horseback over 
the prairie and through the forests of 
Northern Indiana and Southern Michigan, 
when they were met by a troop of United 
otates cavalry, having an order for the ar- 
rest of one Joseph Bailly and his escort. ^ 
Grandfather *s valet, John Baptiste Clu- J 
tier, a Frenchman with a strong infusion 
in his veins of the De la Vigne and other 

- 29 - 

Uttav/a blood, hearing the order rend 
grasped the whole situation, noted the 
ribald glances of the soldiers directed 
tov/ard his beautiful mistress, heard 
that she not being included in the or- 
der of arrest, must be left behind, he 
slipped from his saddle to the ground, 
and v/ith the serpent-like pov/er of vn^ig- 
gling av/ay unseen, crav;led into the bush- 
es unnoticed by all Scive his mar^.^r, v;ho 
gave him one glance of bitter reproach 
for what seened like a base desertion. 

ihe horses had all galloped av;ay, far 
to the rising sun. Grandmother sat 
under a forest tree, weeping bitterly, 
for how long she knew not, when she 
heard a familiar voice address her by 
name, in tones of profound respect. 

"Madame bailly," said Clutier, "you 
will not be safe here much longer, but 
you must change your dress, give me your 
riding habit and youi" jewels. There is 
a camp of Fottawattaraies ne;r hei'c, Unly 
women are there, but don't show yourself 
to them. Let me buy some Indian clothes 
for both of us. xhey will give us all 
v/e need in exchanr^e for these things." 

Clutier quickly made his purchases, 
which included provisions as v;ell as gar- 
ments. He darkened the visible portion 
of their skin with juice of walnut hulls, 
and he insisted upon the application of 
war paint, (irandraother • s tears fell so 
thick and fast that the paint had to be 
renewed more than once before the dis- 
guise was complete. 

rhis occurred in what is now Indiana, 
not far from the present site of iiilkhart. 
Clutier might hav^^ gone either north or 
east, but he chose to turn their faces 

- 30 - 

westward, as being the direction least 
likely to have been chosen by their pur- 
suers. After walking for a fev/ miles, 
they took their supper, and moved onward 
to a hidinr place in a quiet dell, where 
at least for a part of the ni[':ht, they 
might take some rest. 

L>ay after day, and week aft- >• wed^ , they 
continued to v;end their v/eary way, (Jlutier 
made a fine-looking mdian. iie spoke 
nearly all the dialects of the tribes they 
v/ere likely to meet, was equally re;:vy to 
execrate lingland or rave against tlie Yan- 
kees, as suited the company they fell in 
with, for though they did not see any 
white people, they constantly met b.-uids 
of Indians, v.dth whom olutier conversed 
freely regarding himself and his sister, 
or wife, whatever he chose to call her. 
Dometimes he said that she v;as iiis wife, 
then again he called hei* his sister; 
sometimes he hid her in the v/oods while 
he cra^/led into camps to help himself to 
food, while the inmates were dancing or 
sleeping, ivhen needful, he danced in a 
style \7ith the best of them, and- sang 
their war songs v/ith due expression, but 
in these thingr> lirandraother never joined; 
in fact, he could seldom induce her to 
visit in camps, v;her she could have 
found some rude comfort, better repose 
for herself, and for hei' sprained ankle, 
but such Was her horror of their pagan 
worship, that she preferred to soend the 
nights under forest trees, or in the 
shelter of wild crabapple thickets. 

At length, turning North, they entered 
Wisconsin, and reached the iienominee 
country, \;here ^lutier left Grandmother in 
the kind care of that peaceful and hos- 
pitable tribe. x^o more medicine dances. 

no more war chants - still urandmothor^ s 
sense of Christian modesty had to suffer 
from their free and easy morals, out she 
was utterly worn, out and needed re t, 
Clutier put on snow-shoes and walked to 
Mackinac ov'^r the ice. He accomplished 
his trip without adventure, received a 
warm welcome on the Island from all Madame 
Bailly's friends, both red and white. 

There had been rumors to the effect 
that Clutier had remained with her andwas 
bringinf^ her horae. The French thanked God 
that she was under the protection of an 
honorable Frenchman, for, despite the a lien 
blood in his veins, they felt that he had 
inherited the noble qualities of his French 
ancestor. The Indians said among them- 
selves that, in spite of his pantaloons, 
Clutier was a true Indian, cunning and 
crafty, with all the craft and guile of a 
De la Vigne, and that he would contrive 
to bring Bailly's wife safe home. Both 
opinions were correct. It needed all the 
various characteristics of ulutier's com- 
posite nature to accomplish the task he 
had set himself. In the early spring he 
returned to the Menominee village v^ith a 
fleet of canoes, manned by kind frieixds, 
who carried Grandmother back to i^iackinac 
with joyful gratitude, rter children v/ere 
already with her L'Arbre Croche friends, 
and she joined them, together with a few 
of her Indian servants. This was the best 
course for her to p\irsue while still in a 
state of uncertainty regarding her husband's 
fate. Her family had a royal welcome among 
their Indian friends, and they S£.-w to it 
that she lacked for no comfort v;hen she 
gave birth to a child that lived but a 
few hours. 

Grandmother v;as herself in a very criti- 
cal condtion. both life and reason were 


threatened. iho hardships of her flight, 
her anxiety for her husband, who was 
still in prison, united to make her con- 
dition unusually serious. The ci:ild was 
dying, and there was no one to baptize 
it. All these Indians were pagans, yet ,^ 
they believed in the God of the white man ) 
for white people. Valuing their own rites, 
made- them sympathize with the strecs laid 
upon baptism by all sincer-e uhristians, 
so thej^e was much consulting among them, 
resulting in their seeking the advice of 
an old Indian, who had always found the 
instructions of (Jhri-:tian missionaries in- 
teresting and entertaining. He had never 
failed to be present at Mass and sermons 
in days long gone by, before the missions 
had been broken up, but his recollec^.ions ' 
of a religion, which he had never em- 
braced, v/ere very faint, he knew, however, 
that parents did not as a rule baptize their 
own children, and in this case the mother 
was too ill t'; do so. ne knew that any- > 
one, even a pagan, might baptize an in- •>' 
fant at the point of de::th, provided he 
sincerely wished to perform the ceremony 
in accord with christian faith. He remem- 
bered the ceremony, but the v/ords, "Father, 
Son and Holy Ghost," had slipped from his 
memory. The Christian God, he said, though 
one, was threefold, and had three names, 
which must be spoken while the water was 
poured on the child *s head, but he had 
forgotten them, rtov/ever, he would try - 
he v/ould do his best. The God of the 
uhristians was a kind Deity and may be, 
under the circumstances, ne would overlook 

Falling down on his knees, he begged J 
pardon of God Almighty for having for- 
gotten rtis name, v;hich, perhaps, he said 
humbly, he had not been v/orthy to know, 

- 33 - 

but he iim lor'^^d the God of the \;hitc inan 
not to visit the sins of an ir;norant sav- 
age upon the helples.*; babe, but to r:nem- 

ber that the father of the cliild was His 
faithful sc^rvant, always striving to te. ch 
others how to serve nim. Then takir^ water, 
he poured it three times on the head of the 
babe saying: "I baptize thee in the nanes 
of the threefold God, in whoia thy f; ther 
believes and v;hom he s--rves," anJ again 
he prayed earnestly and soleranly tiiat 
the rite might be acceptable. 

Without entering into any theological 
discussion, i will raerely note that all 
those v;ho parti ciapted in thir.. uninue 
ceremony became ohri^tians when tne i.iis- 
sions v;er re-established, ilie child died. 
It was kindly laid to i-est in a birch bark 
casket, under a beautiful forest tree, 
v/here it lay for many a year ere its par- 
ents knev.' that it had been thus baptized 
and buried. Grandmother could not be told 
that her child had died, so another infant 
V7as placed in her arms, and she never knew 
the difference until fifteen years had 
come and gone. 

At that time Grandfather *s situation 
was extremely perilous. Me was held for 
trial as spy and traitor by the United 
States Government, but the war, coming 
to a close before the time set for the 
trial, and a general amnesty being pro- 
claimed, he regained his freedom. He re- 
turned to his family a complete physical 
wreck - a mere shadov/ of his former self. 
Grandmother, too, was sadly altered. The 
walnut juice had ruined her lovely waxen 
complexion that had v;on for her the 
title of the "Lily of the Lake," but ex- 
ternals mattered little to true hearts 
like theirs. The babe v;as joyfully wel- 

- 34 - 

corned - so joyfully that those who liad 
meditated only a tciapornry deception, con- 
cluded to niake it pe.-manent, for the child, 
being unv;elcome to its laother, needed a 
home. Since my grandparents seemed so hap- 
py in its possession, it appeared inadvis- 
able to undeceive them. 1 do not intend 
to dv/ell upon this moi^j than may be nec- 
essary. If as an infant this daugiiter 
brought joy into the family, hei* char, ct er- 
istics, the results of her ovm heredity, 
occasioned much sorrovj, which has entered 
deeply even into my life, as v;ell as into 
the lives of my par..>nts and grandparents. 

The first matter of iiu^ jj. tanco v;hich my 
grandparents had to communic<.... . oo one an- ' 
other v;as concerning vov/s v/hich they had 
made, and vhich could not be fulfilled 
without mutual consent, ay a changing co- 
incidence both had :.":ade the sai:ie promise 
of devoting themselves to missionary life 
among the Indians, and to this my Grand- 
mother had added a vovj that if she es- 
caped ""./ith her life and honor, she v/ould 
never resume the garb of a European lady. 
To this Grandfather consented, and ever 
after she v/ore a dress designed by the 
early missionaries for the use of the 
ohristian v;omsn among the Indians - a copy 
of the costume of the Piediaontese and 
Savoyard peasant v:omen of tv;o hundred years 
ago. At that timie it v/as considered an 
act of coroinendable piety to forsake fashion- 
able attire in order t.j adopt some modest 
costuiae, expressive of religious resolve. 
By donning this garb, Grandmother, so to 
speak, placed upon public record her in- 
tention of entcn^ing into a missionary 
lif-, so f£ir as her duty to her family 
V70uld permit. Each one joyfully con- 
sented to the other's vov;s , ana in these 
vov/s v;e find the true cause ^f tiic found- 
ing of our Hom.estea^io 

- 35 - 

CHAPT...iu IV 


In a precedin^^ ch:tp^-r -llusijn has 
been made to the position and\:tions 
of fur traders, or, as they usud to be 
called, Indian traders. There are, no 
doubt, many to whom the phrase, fur trader, 
would not convey its true meaning, on ac- 
covmt of the rraciual chan,p;es incident to 
a livin/'; lan,q;uage. One hundred years ago 
trade and traffic vvo: e more; closely syn- 
onymous with commerce than they now c'lre, 
hence the monsoons are called traae winds, 

"Yon deep bark f^oes 
Where traffic blov/s." 

That is, its course will lecid it into 
v/aters wh' re the trade winas are to be 
reckoned for. nowever, even then there 
was a distinction to be laade. Trade was a 
traffic conducted by barter, wnile com- 
merce indicjjted a monetary consiueration. 
i>hipmasters engaged in trade - took their 
cargoes to distant ports and exclianged 
them for cargoes of equal value; and on 
land traders took their wares into sav- 
age lands to exchange them vdth the na- 
tives for the natural products of the 

No monopoly of the present has been more 
carefully regvilated v:ithin itself than was 
the great fur trade of the Northwest, It 
was not free from Government supervioion. 
iMone of its agents could enter territory 
reserved to the Indians v;: + hout a united 
States license, or on Canadian terri- 
tory without a permit from the Crovm, 
The petty trader was a beginner, trusted 
with a fev: of the company's wares, per- 


mitted to deal only v;ith peaceful Indians 
living near the boundaries. The respon- 
sible, experienced trader mi^^' purchase 
his wares where he pleased. ne was 
given a wide range of country, but he 
could not dispose of furs otherv\rise than 
through the monopoly. The monopoly was 
made responsible for peace betv/een the 
v/hite men and Indians. "Peace and good 
will" was the motto of its seal. 

ihere was no possibility of chco.ting In- 
dians in the value of furs, as each 
had a price corresponding to the coinage 
of the land. Squirrels, twenty-five cents; 
muskrats, fifty cents; raccoons anci minks 
v;err^ respectively, sevanty-five cents and a 
dollar. Any ■ an having a mink skin in proper 
shape and conf'^ition, could pr^:'::cnt it across 
the counter of a trader's store precisely 
as if it were one dollar. Neither size nor 
quality were consider, d, fo:* if free from 
moths, furs were money. 

Usually, I'hen a trader arrived in an 
mdian \lllage, his packhorse:; laden witl. 
such wares as Indians needed - blankets, 
v/oolen cloth, calicoes and a few trinkets, 
he found the fur air- ady in packs, await- 
ing his coming. These packs v;e.e made up 
and bound like packs of shingles. It was 
the trader* s good luck if some of these 
packs contained a fev; pelts of extra qualir 
ty, equal in value to the price of the 
v/hole bunch, it v/as the Indian* s luck 
that custom compelled the trader to pay 
the appointed price, regardless of qu^ility 
Likewise it w^s the Indian's ood fortune 
that the market came to him, v.dthout his 
being obliged to look for it. 

- 37 - 

ihe petty tracer turned hivS furs in- 
to the company's v/arohouse. xhe i'e:-pon- 
sible tradei- .nif;ht , if he wished, take 
his to his ovm tradin^^ post to sort thuia 
over, sending one quality to one point, 
and the other to another, thus getting 
full profit, according; to quality. 

After neace was fully arran!?:t-d, trrand- 
fathor resumed his connect ir)n vilth the 
fur trade, and for a while was V)rosper-ous , 
but his enfeebled iiealth, together .ith 
the effect xf nev: conditions ui:>on old 
forms of business, made success turn into 
failure, and brou^'ht the old gray olf 
into his home, but Grandmother bravely 
aiding; him in all his efforts to place his 
business upon a secure footing, the grim 
creature was driven forth, neveijto return • 

One great happiness came to them, and 
not to them alone - that v^ras the re-estab- 
lishment of outward religion. 

A French Canadian priest visited i-iack- 
inac Island, duly authorized to gather up, 
bind and restore. Children v/ere baptized, 
existing marriages blessed, younn; people 
united in noly Matrimony; general confes- 
sions wero heard, and many came to the 
Holy Table, This visit re-organized the 
Catholic Church in that part of Michigan, 
It must have occurred in 1^20, for my moth- 
er, born iii 1^13, a little p:irl seven years 
old, vjas baptized then, together v/ith her 
nine-year-old sister, and the tv/o half-sis- 
ters, Ap:atha and Theresa De la Vigne, 
Grandmother v;as nut on the list of cate- 
chumens, to b :^ regularly instructed by 
her husband, according to the prescribed 
rules, in preparation for conditional bap- 
tism and First Holy Conuaunion, 

- 3S - 

Gran(3father^s license as fur trader 
assigned to him the Ualb-rnet rerion. As 
he thonght, to more perfectly J'ulfill hJs 
V0V7, he ought to leav' tov/ris an^i vil- 
lages and go as far as possible into the 
Indian country to build a home thnt would 
be a stronf^.hoid of christian piety, he 
looked over the region crref ully to cho )se 
its siLG. Sometiiries ] eaving the children at 
school, either on Fiackinac Island, '•i:h 
some French ladies vho taught the c;.ildren 
of the fur traders, and the daughters of 
the officers stationed at Fort I'la.ckinac, or 
else at other times in an excellent i^ap- 
tist institution, conducted by a cle.^gy- 
man and his v/ifs, Grandfather ^/oulci bring 
(irandraothec with him on his journeys, and 
they would viev; the land together. 

He v;as nov/ an American citizen, a resi- 
dent of the future State of Mich g.m, and 
one of its influential men. Indiana did 
not own any important part jf tlie lake 
coast at that time, i-iichig.^n, Illinois 
and V/isconsin weie deeply interested in 
lake harbors. Grandfatji'";r studied all tiie 
favorable points of the Michigan coast 
very thoroughly, believing tb_.t he was 
choosing a home in Michigan, and near one 
of the futijire harbors of that st-'te, he 
selected a site on the banks of the oalumet 
river, half a mile north o^" vjh: t is now 
recorded as the old Indiana boundary line, 
ihe site was singularly picturesque, and 
as neither he, nor those v/ho have come 
after him, have ev^^r done anything to mar 
or .alter its natural beauty, the spot re- 
mains unchanged in all its loveliness, 
though in the surrounding country van- 
dalism has been the keynote of all attempt 
at the development of natural resources. 


- ;IV - 

The Homestead was laid out in planta- 
tion style, with a row of buildins'is de- 
si.p;ned for servants^ Quarters and wa.nj- 
houses in tho re-r of the family dv.-ellin.n;. 
It stands upon a steep clay cliff of alu- 
minous e-rth, at the foot of \.'hi cli the 
Calumet sv/eeps and v/inds, Eif-hty voars 
ar^o the surrounding hills woj- crovmed 
with oak forests, varied with ;";ro"ths of 
elm, ash and w. Inut, hidin^^: ravine-.. \/ind- 
ing creeks drainea the ; .eadows cind fed the 
river, and countless; rivulets danced throu "h 
the fo;\'Sts dovm into the iieadov/ lands. 

V'/here one of these creeks found itn v/ay 
into the river around a grassy knoll, 
Grandfather planned to build his rusidence 
back of a natural lav.Ti, lying bet\.-een the 
two streams, but Dame Nature thou.-ht dif- 
ferently, and she had he:- ovm willful w:. y. 
In 1^24 tirandfather b jilt a tei.iporary log 
cabin on this spot, and left his family 
there - th-r^t is Grandmother, three little 
girls and a boy, besides a ye. i-o±u uaoe, 
together v;ith Theresa De la Vigne . Agatha 
De la Vigne had recently married Edv/ard 
Biddle, a Fhiladelohia gentleman, resid- 
ing on i'iackinac Island, and no longf-r be- 
longed to the family, in which Theresa 
was a household blessing all the days of 
her life, V/ith his fc Grandfather 
left two S'"^rvants - one a i^renchriian and the 
other an Indian. This v/as in June. V.Tien 
he returned early in August he found the 
log cabin upon a high hill, more than 
twenty rods v;est of the vSl te he had chosen, 
for one wild, stormy night the rain, sweep- 
ing dovm in tori^ents to the accompaniment 
of thunder and lightning, caused t.-ie Ualu- 
met to overflow its banks, compelling the 
family to seek refuge uy.on the liilltop. 

- /^0 - 

Grandmoth.r, -^.v/.-^kcnod b- tho fury of 
the storm, put out her unconsciouc- 
ly and felt it dipped into v;atcr.A flash 
of lightning shov/ed the rush^nf; stl^..■am 
rapidly risinp; ov. r the cabin floor, ixot 
a moment was to be lost. 5he called the 
servants to get the bont \7hile she ptrucic 
her flint and lirht^^d tiie lantern, /iunt The- 
resa aided her to vrrap the children in 
blankets and place theia in the ooat . All 
four adults took to the oars, and ruided 
by x'lashes of lightnin.iT, roved over v/hat 
at sundov/n had been green meadov; land, to 
the foot of the hill, and clambered to the 
top, to find refuge in a grove of young elms. 
The men returned to the cabin for more bl'^nk- 
ets and ouilts, \i-iich they made into a shel- 
ter tent, wher« the child 'en, at least, slum- 
bered tranouilly the rest of the ni;-"ht. 

The next morning they avjakened under the 
clear blue sky of a bright sunn-y dr;y, v;ith 
song birds c-^^ rolling in the green boughs 
of the elms. Grandmother, v.dth Aunt The- 
resa's aid, arranged a cannfire, rov/nd 
over the submerged lands to the hous^.^ for 
provisions and cooking utensils, v.-hich 
were luckily out of reach of the water, 
v;hich covered the floor to the depth of 
three or four fuet, 

V/hen the v/ater subsided, the t\,'o rien 
v/ith the patience of those d:.ys, brought 
the cabin up, log by log, and put it to- 
gether on the hilltop. Grandmother used 
to say, jestingly, that the- home floated 
up to the summit of the hill, 

V/here the hasty camp was pit died on that >^ 
stormy night. Aunt Theresa plcnted a v;hite ) 
ash sapling, vfhich has grovm into a majes- 
tic forest tree, still stancing, a memori- 
al of bygone days • 


- 41 - 

The family s;^^J no Indians that sununcr, 
for there was a f;rand council of inrmy 
tribes held in Ohio, \/hich the Pottav;atta- 
mie nation attended, therefore the pai*t 
of that tribe claiiiin^^; the ualuiaet r'.\f;ion 
as their home, vns abr^iii- . Gi^.-'nd '-'.tiier, 
on his retm^n, had broufcht his full com- 
plement of French servants, and thc^y s )on 
built better accommodatijns for the Vimily, 
and, likevdse, other buildings needed^pt a 
fur trrdinp; post - wareliouses to storvyfurs, 
and a salesroom for the g v)ds to be ex- 
chann;ed with the Indians for their furs. 

Late in September, as the settin^^ sun 
threw its slant in':: rays throup:h the open 
doorv;ay, this lip;ht \j-\s di rkened for a mo-' 
ment, as the m-'^jestic figure of a v/ell-knov.Ti 
Pottawattamie chief glided in silently. He 
drew his scarlet blanicet around him, took 
the seat offered him by the chimney hearth. 
Accepting the handful of smoking; tobc'^cco 
proffered, he filled his pipe, smo :ing a 
while in silence, anu tht^n obs-.-rved very 

"I see you are going to live here, as you 
have put up many buildings. Do you expect 
to deal VT±th us for furs? You knov:, I sup- 
pose, that this is our country." 

Grandfather apologized for his summary in- 
trusion into the premises of these people, 
and shov/ed his permit from the United States 
Government, v/hich the Indian exr^mined care- 

"I cannot, of course, read these v/ords , " 
he said, "but I recognize the parchment. I 
have seen these things before. I see how 
many pages there are, and I also r.nov; the 
seal of the Washington authorities. I knov/ 
you, too, though I have never seen you. Me 
have all heard of Bailly." 

- 42 - 

"Nothing to displease you, l trust," re- 
plied Grr-ndfr-'ther, 

"No; not at all. V/e were glad to know it 
was Bailly who w^-s cominr^, to us. This is a "^ 
sacred spot where you liav.^ uuilt, but that J 
does not mattc^r." 

"I have rermission from the Government to 
be here," said Grandfather. "I paid for 
that, but I v/ant to pay you, too. How nuch 
shall I pay you e ch year?" 

?he chief thought for a raoment, then he 
stated his terns for himself and his people, 
which Grandfather agreed to. Hc^ smoked a 
v/hile longer in silence, accepted a glass 
of cognac, and slipped out into the d- rk- 
ness of the night. 

V/ith the first snows of winter the Potta- , .^ 
wattamies left for the Miami country, fur- j 
ther South, and the Ottav^as came dov/n for 
their annual deer hunt. This v/as the Indi- 
an custom. In the v/intcr tiifie the Chippe- 
was from Lake Superior went into the Ottav;a 
country, while the Miamis, of Southern In- 
diana, sought a mildei" climate than their 
own in Kentucky and Tennessee, v/hose inhabi- 
tants found their v/inter homes in Georgia 
and North Carolina. Thus we see the neces- 
sity or habit of seeking the bland air of a 
winter resort had its precedent in savage 

I cannot tell just v;hen or how thu home- 
stead was opened as a station for missionaries, 
but 1 do knov/ that there was a regular for- \ 
mal sanction from distant diocesan authori- ^ 
ties, anc- that somev;here there is ecclesi- 
astical re COIL, of the matter, I have . 

- 43 - 

an idea th."t pos. iuly account or 
tlij.s mi--ht be found in th > Cathoc'.r. 1 r-.c- 
ordG jf Nev; urle:;ns, £jr there is a T.-jaily 
tradition th.^t Bishv:)D Dubour/^ f;^ve iiis 
blnsGinr; to t;io r^iou-. task and 'outlinoc its 
scope. it is that r^riests liau to 
shovj their Dapors -jf a.u..horization to the 
head ;)f the f miiy at the nomestead oe- 
fore they could be ^-e mitt ad to ont-a- under 
itr roof, adninislvar oacra.'iont.^' or cele- 
br- ta i-i-aas, i^r.-cisely as v/ould be reonired 
at any pla.ce ^r bii 1 -inc: set aside f o ■ ec- 
cle s ia a t i c 1 pur po a a , 

There was no cha]el. us i ha.v, st< ted 
previously, it v/a;: dei.i.i-^d i:ijr. piau^unt njt • 
to erect cha^-^els n a "ar,an v/ild. rne s, 
xhe Christian horae wa:. conaiae. ud auf .'ici- 
ently sacred - devout fa.raily lii"-. v.'as felt 
to be abundant consecration, and . o the 
living rooms of a Catholic household could 
be at short notice tranaformee into t-^i.ipo- 
rary churches, in our hon-steae trie pa.lar 
V7- s the sacristy, vaiere confecaians were 
heard, and tae dinin::;-room thu sanctUc.ry, 
where Mass was celebrated. 

The first prie t to say Mass here w:s 
Father Badin. Me still keeu a a a souvenir 
the table v/aich he used foj" • n altar, but 
in v/hat year, or v/hat sea. von, i cannot s: y; 
nor can i positiv ly assert whet]r.; ne vr s 
a guest in this house, vrher-; I now reside, 
or v/hether, as more likely, in the first 
log house hastily erected nearby, but as 
1 have already stated, I am narrating 
family tradition, and am not compilin.v; a 
chronological ch-.rt. 

- 4A - 

Granclf.--.thei' built this house in the 
bacIa-;oods for ruarons, v/hich woulcj natur- 
ally lecici hii'i to pay grert attention to ^ 
the education and pron r training; of nis J 
children, ne had penc-trated thus f:.r i .- 
to the valderness in orc-ur to brin" civili- 
zation thither - not to forsake the m.'Ui- 
ners and customs of refined life, but to 
use them in such a v/ay .• s to be a proper 
example to those v. "ho \;oula .l'o11o\; in his 

With this piu'pose in vie\;, vrLth tliei-.e 
sentiments in his he- rt, he oaid gr.r'.t at- 
tention to the eduC'- tion of his daughters. 
He not only t^jurht tliem himself, v;hich he 
V7'"s eminently fitte'l to do, but he put hii.j- 
self to considerable pains and expense to 
send them to good schools, Th/t tlie two 
older daughters, i^sther and Rose, had al- '^ 
ready spent some time in a Baptist mission -^ 
school he s been mentioned. As this mis- 
sion school was on ; of .-he early efforts 
at civilizing and Uhristianizing Northern 
Indiana, it deserves more than ]aere mention. 

About the time Grandfather first heard 
of this school, he hac. begun to think sei'i- 
ously of h/ivinr the children learn Lnglish, 
so he took them, to Fort V/agiie, v/here this 
Carey I-lission had been temporarily establisned. 
oarey v/as a wealthy Baptist, \iho had endov;ed 
the school, so it \:c,s knoiai by his name. 
Doubtless he v;as one of the plutocrats of 
that period. Probably his v/ealth vras 
sv;ollen to the amount of several hundred v 
thousand. imo one thou.-rht of eith(-r mil- ,J 

- U5 - 
lions or billions in t lose days, but thcru 
vas just as nuch generosity and ju:;t as much 
covetousness then as nov/. 

Fort Wayne was at that tir-ie a i:iei'e ham- 
let, alongside of a military outpost, \/hich 
was deemed a great protection to the school. 
Grandfather A:as grec.tly disappointed to 
learn that as the i:iission had been cstau- 
lished vfith a special vie-: regarding the 
conve. sion and gratuitous education of the 
Indians, he could not pay for tiie tuition 
of his daughters. They v;ould be received 
upon the same footin,;; r.s the others, to 
which they wete entirely \7elc0me. He pon- 
dered the matter Ion'- anc". earnestly, having 
many conversations with the baptist clergy- 
man and his v:ife, finally decidin^: to lerve 
Esther and Rose in the care of a Canadian 
family to attend day school at the iiission© 

My mother's rocollecions of Carey Mis- 
sion, in Kort Uayne, irev'^- rather varue. She 
remem.bered that she enter-d the garrison 
grounds in going to the school, also that 
Father Badin said a liass in the house v.'here 
she and her sister boarded, and th, t the 
v/ife received holy uo';.imunien on that oc- 
casion. She was a tall, grunt wormian, i.othcr 
said, angular in all her i.iotions and stern 
in appearance, ihe solemnity of hci* de- 
meanor both during Mass -^nd at the GomJimn- 
ion Table, and the av:ful stillness 01 th:.t 
at least one-quarter of an houi" of unbroken 
silent recollection after holy oommunion, 
made a deep impression on my Mother* s mind - 
perhaps laid the foundation for that un- 
swerving piety vi.iich characterized every 
action of her life. This happened some 
time pr evious to the building of ■■he ho'-^e- 
stead, v/hile Grandfrither v/as con.-^idering 
the ualumet re,n:ion V7ith a vievj of ru-king a 
permanent home there. 

- 46 - 

In the noinestoad tho evGnin::c v;ci->.' de- 
voted to some form of instruction, T .c 
family spent thoir eveninf; hour::, as all 
vjell-bred families of that period did. 
The ladies vjere emoloyed in noedlcv/ork 
v;hile (irandf- thor road aloud or taucht 
the children, ihe servants, French and '^ 
Indian, feathered around the hun;e fire- '^ 
place in thoir ov.ti seoarate nu^irt'is, 
san^; their ditties and told tales. 5ome 
times they v/ere called into the family 
sitting-room to liston to simple lectures 
on geography and history,^ or to receive 
religious instruction regarding approach- 
ing feasts or fasts. 

Grandfathei" must have been very v;ell 
satisfied v/ith the education given at 
Uarey iiission, for after iie built his 
home, he continued to send his children 
there, year after year, until they v/ere 
old enour"h to be taken to Detroit o 

Carev Mission v/as not stationary. It ) 
moved on./ard, as the exigencies of its v:ork 
among the Indians reauired, until it vro.s 
finally established in Indian Territory. 
After leaving ii'ort V/ayne, its first abid- 
ing place V7as near the pr^^sent site of 
i^otre iJame University, upon land at one 
time ovmed and inhabited by Jesuit Fathers. 
Here Mr. McCoy, the captist clergyr.ian in 
charge of uarey Ilission, built a primitive 
social settlement. Mrs, iicCoy v/as v;ell 
suited to the v/ork undertaken. She v/as a 
good housev/ife, an excellent teacher, v/ith 
enough knov/ledge of music to teach the 
h^nnns and lead in the singing, and above 
all, she possessed a sv/eet motherliness, 
V7hich made itself felt in every part of J 
the establishment. 

The colony v/an froi.i Kentucky. Tiiore 
v/erc; hired I'len for the farias, ixm\ tu: chers, 
both male and female • Indian? canip to 
school there from all parts of the coun- 
try - Oneidas, Kohav/ks and Stockbridf.Oii , of 
various tints and hui?s - :.iin,'^;led v;ith mem- 
bers of loc 1 tribes. Aunt Theresa caj^e to 
chaperon her tv/o little sisters, also av:'.il- 
ing herself of instruction. The lads and 
lassies minp;led freely dui'inr; houi-r; oi' play, 
but school \:ork v/as done separately, lirs. 
McCoy, aided by one or tv/o youn,: v;omen, 
teachinr: the girls. It v;as in tlie days of 
V/ebster^s spelling-book, and v/hen t .e Nev; 
Testament v/as in use as a reader for ad- 
vanced pupils. A char^tcr v/as selected by 
Mrs. McCoy. She reed the first verse dis-' 
tinctly and v;ith reverence; the next verse 
V7rs read by one of the teachers; each pupil 
in turn reading a verse and ondec^vorin- to 
imitate Mrs. McCoy as closely as possible, 
until the chapter v;as finished. There v;e]'e 
no e^:planations , for the principle of pri- 
vate interpretationv v/as rigidly adhered 
to, though the definition of a word not 
understood v;as alv;ays given very fully 
when demanded. Neither husban. nor i/ife 
attem.pted to exert any proselytizing influ- 
ence over their Catholic pupils. The little 
girls had time to study the Catholic Cate- 
chism v/hich they recited to one another 
whenever Aunt Theresa ordered d them to do 
so, v/hich v/as not seldom. 

"On Sunday services v/ere held accoi-ding 
to the joaptist manner, Mi". McCoy making 
homilectic discourses not especially doc- 
trinal, but inculcating a very strict 
morality, >md teaching the fundamental 
truths of Christianity. He v/as a sov/er of 
•the seed for others to v/ater. Mi^s. Mc- 
Coy belonged to some prominent Southern 

-4^ - 

faniily and her fi-iondf- did not apa-ove 
of her matrimonial choice. .Jhon her 1ms- 
band embraced missionary lifr^, they v;oro 
f^roatly disf^.usted. There v/as one hymn that 
v;as i';iven out freque;itly. It ber;an v/ith 
the v/ords, 

"I am not ashamed to ov;n tlv,' Lord," 

It v/as evidently much in acco d \7ith 
1-irs, IlcCoy^s sentirionts. Her earnest ex- 
pression v;hile sinrrin,);^ it made the sec- 
ond profound reli,-,ious impression on my 
Motlier^s childhood. In aftei* years she 
connected i-irs. i-lcCoy's earnest rendition 
of its awkv/ard tune \7ith the recollection 
of being obliged to turn a deaf ear to 
worldly opinions of friends and relatives, 
regarding her life as a missionary. To 
my Mother this reminiscence v;as a source 
of inspiration in the courageous fulfill- 
ment of duties misundei'stood by others o 

In 1^26 Grandfather deej;ied that Aunt 
Esther, V7ho v/as fifteen years old, and my 
Mother, v/ho v/as thirt^.en, v/e^'e old enough 
and sufficiently veil instructed to be 
presented for i«"irst Holy Communion. There- 
fore, v/hen early in the fall Aunt Theresa 
returned to Uarey Mission v;ith the little 
brother, the tv.^o girls remained at home 
until the close of the fur trading sea "on 
in the Is' te fall, v;hen Grandfather v/ould 
have leisure for the journey, leaviiir^ the 
establishment in ch/^rge of Grandmother, 
Early in Decei,;ber, the wardrobe of t'^e tv/o 
girls v/as in readiness to be packed in such 
shape as to make a proper bundle for a 
pack saddle , There v/ere likev/is-.^ tents, 
cooking utensils and provisions for a 
whole v/eek, so, altogether, there was 


bagp'a^s enourh to laako tv/o load^ lor tv;o 
sturdy nonius. Two saddle horses wei-e 
also iiade re dy for Grandfather and for 
one hired man, an Indian. F:irev/ellr> \}^r^ 
not brief, for the girlfj would oc ,- bs^-nt 
from home for ;\ v:hole ye^r, v/ith little 
opportunity for exchange of letter:;, E;<.ch 
little frirl v;as strap ed secu.-' ly on t:ie 
too of a load, and so they sot forth on 
the journey to Detroit. 

At thiit day, in the lonf: str tcli of 
territory betv;een Detroit and Chica-o, st'.ll 
only Fort Dearborn, there were only tv/o 
points V7her.: travel X-^^rs could r-^^st under 
the shelte:- of a r)of - '.Vhite Pif;eon and 
the Bailly trading port. There v.^'t? no 
roads, excepting Indian trails, hidden at 
that season by the snev;. Grandfather ex- 
pected to travel ruided oj his coi.ipass 
and the advice of his Indian servant. 

The pack horses set the pace, so the 
journey v;as slov/. It took a whole- week to 
cover tv:o hundred and fifty jiiles. The 
Indian selected tiie camping grounds. The 
requirements v/ere wat :r, forest and hay. 
The horses of that pe iod we-.e accustojied 
to feeding upon the unmowed upland prairie 
grass, so all the stabling they r^euir^jd 
was the lee side of a bit of timoer, the 
dry grass from v/hich the guide sv/ept ;j\'ciy 
the snowdrifts serv-d for both bedding and 
fodder, A fallen tree woulc serve as a 
back log for the cfnpfire, around v;hich 
the tv:o tents v/ere pitched. A hearty even- 
ing meal, cooked at the campfire, being 
disposed of, the tv/o girls, wTf^apped in 
blankets, slept on a couch o." furs in tlieir 
own tent. In the morning, up bv davm, to 
an excellent breakfast, then strapped on 

- 30 - 

the Dack horses for t ;holo dry, lunc'i- 

in.p; in the s.nddle, an Lad f?nounh v;e e 
they when evoninn; c:-^.p I-o r c~[,or ■ circu- 
lation to their benuinb-;d limbs by hnlninf, 
sv/eep .av7-.iy th-' snov; "r^:! t]vi site of th-ir 

At V/liite Pigeon they v;ei-o hos^.)it<''bly re- 
ceived at a Canadian farm nousc, vjiiei-e 
they enjoyed some r. pose er'.j continuing 
their journey. Such v;.rre the efforts 
V7hich it \7as necessrxry to make in or'lor to 
secure a proper educa.tion in tlic i-iiddle 
V/est ei:-hty years a^o. 




- 51 - 


Just one v/eek from the time th(^y left 
home the carcivan arrived in Detroit, \;here 
Grandfather vjas v/armly v/el corned by jiis 
friends, French];ien from both oaiiada and 
France, Detroit called its ..If a tovm, but 
it was a mor'- frontier villa[<o of one sh'-^rt 
v/harf str: (^:t a.nd ;i fe\7 back streets, but it 
differed gr ;atly from many of the frontier 
tov/ns of the latter- end of the ninet^f^th 
century in the character of its inhabita :ts. 
The same political convulsion ii. Europe 
that had deprived the Catholics of the North- 
west of their clergy, caused many Kuropeans 
of the upper middle classes to seek refur,e 
in the peace and calm of the nc\: v;orld, and 
such were the inhabitants of Detroit. They 
we]'e chiefly drawn from the citizen class of 
France, while the outlyinr farm population 
was Uanadian, The Americanizing; of the tov/n 
had scarcely benun, and the fcv; v;hosu native 
language v/as iinglish, felt very lonely and 
isolated. Not so v/ith Grancfatlier, though 
his religious hopes v;ere changed into seri- 
ous anxieties when he learned of certain 
conditions existing in the parish. 

I have already said that Grandfather kept 
him.self closely in tou'ch \:itii the daily teach- 
ings of the Uatholic Church, ne continued 
all his lifetime such semi-theological studies 
as are aopropriate for gentlemen of the ac- 
knov/ledged aristocracy. There v;as at that 
tine a Catholic joui'-nal published either in 
Quebec or Montreal, vrhich resembled in scope 
and character the iMOtre Dame Ave Maria. It 
recounted miracles and visions, discoursed 
uoon festivals and fasting d-^ys, told che 
nevjs of foreign missions, the outcome of r,heo- 
lop:ical discussions, and g- ve v/arnin'-' of nev/ 
errors. Grandfather received his mail at 


Fort Dearborn, makin,^ periodical visits 
thither, at dates corresponriing to the ar- 
rival of this journal. iMot lonr; bf^fore his 
departm-o from hor:e he har] learned from 
its;os that there was an agreement cTtion?, 
some priests to introduce the tenets and 
discipline of Jan.-enism into their r^jri^es, 
by means of an explicit profession of faith, 
to bn signed by fathers of families in b^i- 
half of their wives and childri.n as well 
as for themselves. The Archbishop of Que- 
bec n;ave v/arnii^g to all the faithful that 
this docui.ient contained dangerous doctrines, 
absolutely condcianed by the Church, so that 
true and sincere Catholics could not sign 
it, Grandmother thou>'ht th-.t Grandfather wa^ 
unduly excited over a matter not likely to 
affect him. She expressed a wish that he 
would not take such a deep interest in j-iai:- 
ters of abstrus • doctrine , little Jmov/in,^^ how 
much sorrow its false profession of faith 
v/as going to bring into their ov:n liv'^s. 

A brief paragraph on Jansenism v/ould not 
be out of place at this point of ' the story, 
I'lany Protestants imagine that Jansenism is 
closely allied to Protestantism, and that 
it is a "very pure form of religion, but the 
only thing the tv:o possess in co; .i.ion is an 
antagonism to the Church of Rome, in one 
Case openly professed; in the other secret- 
ly felt. In regard to pur-if^-ing influences 
Jansenism, although planned for reform, 
has never reformed morals anyv/iiere. Its 
principles, apparently directed toward re- 
form, alv7ays when pushed to their utmost 
conclusions by practice, result in great 
laxity, ihey have much to say regarding 
election and pr-destination, but their 
viev7s on these points are as much opposed 
to the tenets -f Protestantism as th^^y are 

- 53 - 

to the doctrines of the oatholic ohiu'ch. 
Confession amonr. Jansonists is pl^;cis''ly 
v/hat Protestant r3 sunnose it to be ^mong 
all untholics, and having; said this, i 
need say no moi'e, 

h'rom his French friends in Detroit, 
Grandfather leerned tlint their pastor had 
present(K] the document referred to above, 
for si.qnature. They having refused to ac- 
cede to his wishes, v/ere denied the privi- 
leges of the Cormuunion Table, He v;e.s e.hovm 
the oatechism in use in the parish, and bc- 
inr: an irascible Frenchman, he declared he 
would see himself in the hottest flames of 
I'urgatory ere he V70uld p.:riiiit hi;; family to 
accept that version of doctrine, tic v;as also 
a prudent man, therefore he follo^/ed trie 
advice of one of his Parisian friends, and 
v.^ent, as if v.hoily uninformed, to the 
priest's house to speak about the First 
Coinmunion of his little girls, 

grandfather vi^s very well acqu/>.inted with 
this priest, having frequently met him 
among the christian ±ndinns, at different 
missionary stations, whBre Grandfather's 
knov/ledge of their language and customs 
had been of great service to the priest. 
As missionary, the topics of instruction 
being circumscribed by strict rules, his 
defective doctrine *had not manifested it- 
self, jrieing established ae pastor, ivith 
comDlete jurisdiction over a vast terri- 
tory, gave him fullest lib -.rty to exploit 
his ovm ideas - a liberty of vmich he 
availed himself absolutely. The genuine 
piety and great holiness of his private 
life only rendered the situat.ion more 
intensely acute. If the European element 
in Detroit had hoped that bishop Bailly's 
nephev/ might have^ an influence they did 
not possess, they v/ere disappointedo ihe 

- >/f - 

prepe^. ration which the little r^irlc i:iade 
v;ith a duly autliorized catccliism wa.s not 
accer)tod, v/hile ur.-'.ndrathor ' s abhorrent 
r^-^.fnsnl to cif-n the heretical docui.ient 
stood between him anc. those oa era Mental 
privileges so dc--r to the he- rt of a de- 
vout Catholic, 

Un the Canadian side o." the riv> r laid 
the villar.e of oandv/ich, nov: absorbed by 
the tov/n of v/indsor. There was a little 
chn.rch there, also favored with a resident 
priest, the one v.^ho hiid baptized my aunt 
and my mother. He V7:'.s a frood man, simple 
he-irted, sincerely devout, and a true 
Catholic. To him my Granc ather v^/cnt for 
advice an; consolation, he knev; all that • 
grandfather had to tell hii;i, and a great 
deal luore besides. He like\;ise admitted 
thnt he had duly reported these Liatters. 
ne had been told not to make trouble be- 
tv/een the v^hurch in Canada and the uhurch 
in the united otates. He was reiainded 
that great difficulties attended the es- 
tablis -ment of a ohui^ch in the otates, 
therefore much must be ovrrlook.ed. He 
V7as told, hovrev^r, to be very zealous in 
the maintenance of true doctrine in his o\:n 
parish, so as to imike it a counteracting 

lie told grandfather to bring the little 
girls to Sa''dv;ich, and introduced him to 
the best fai.iily in the hamlet, v/ho, at the 
priest's request, consented to receive 
iiiSther and Kose as boarders for one year 
at the end of v-diich tine they would be 
residents of his parish, and be entitled 
to receive their i* irst Comi.aunion in his 
i^hurch. The assistant priest agreed to 
give them instruction, not only in chris- 
tian doctrine, but also in such studies 
as they evinced talent for and were suit- 
able to the daughters of a gentlemano 


Aunt liisthor inrj'C conoidtM^ ])le pr^'^vr^s 
in liatin, nd tiioy botJi Ic nvd a "t ,'>t 
deal froM tlu; sii .pl<.'-lie.'rt.,d .^anadian 

vvei^e I v/ritin^ a sketch of zhe ^anada 
of thosn days, i iiif^ht f,iVv.- ik-my pn es to 
thia year of i.iy m'jtliei'* s li 'tj, i iiu a.r i'c i: , 
J. cannot fo.'boar d\! llinr on -i f.' of lis 
expcriencos, j.he: -.^ rrcnch C:iaadians v; re 
V ry politu rnd elc:;ant in tii:ii' dc^i'iccinor, 
i*rom theri the little backwoxl." ladie:; gained 
a yet moi'c colii.hed Man •,•. xjvery's 
v;ife kne^' hov; to enooraroom aith e.^se and 
gr:'ce, and hov to ler \'i it in a mannerly 
vja}''; evorj fari.aer knea- "place aux d.-iies," 
V:hcn to raise his hat, and at \'hat an':le 
and degree it should be raisc:d, and -ill the 
phraseology of true T^olitcnei:r> flov.-ed 
readily from their lips, 

j-hey had d"nc^'S, vher:^ the pastor 
loo.'-ed on ben-'ivolently, a-hil..^ liis young 
people danced their ji'T, ^avottas and 
simple qwidrille." . Kound d:mces va-^r^^ an- 
knav.Ti, /it aeddinra- he led tiie r^iaice '-.vlth 
the bride's mother, xhe little youna ladies 
soon learnec' the gi\: ceful i]j..ijns of the 
.rhythmic dances, acriuiiin,; u tiie s.-aie tine 
that elegant ease of deportir.cnt for vliich 
later on they v:ere gr-.^atly admiral, 

xhe farmers of the concessions, /isthe 
environs of oandadch v;eae called, dici ]iot 
learn to read, xhey ler.rned taeir ^atuc:i;'.sm 
or-lly, and at chuxxh used thei.- oeodso 
Women learned to read find urite, kept ac- 
counts, taught the ^atechism to aheir child- 
ren, - '. nd used pr a ye r - b o c^c :^ . it vio. s d e i :ie d 
that men and boys v;era toj busy ^Ith o ;tdoor 
matters to trouble thems.dvis vdth "b i-.k 
knovjledge." That v/as part o:'" ^.roman's duty - 

-56 - 

li\'p ri'llcinr, n^i churniiC, sev/in^-; ■ ud 
nondjaf:- - n-ivin- hor no surci':. . It'y ,^v.;r 
her husband nny more th-ai I'oulci th'^ cook- 
in-s of a laeol. The authority of tlic hus- 
band v;as absolute. He could scold liic 
vjifo as if she v/er-.; a cliild; slap her, ,1^ 
to >, if he tnoufht she desi.i-ved ir. , :-,nd [J 
often did .- not very hard, but enou h to 
shov; mas .^rsiiip. 

To the "Demoiselles Bailly" v:ho v;it- 
nessed a very different state oi" t>j)in,r;s 
in their ovn home, wher^.: their mother, de- 
prived by early misfortune of the educati;<n 
due her ran':, v/.^s nevertheless, on pe.-fect 
equality v/ith her leai'ned husbe.nd, tuis 
Uanadian rjodus vivundi seemed extremely 
oueer, bu"c their- quiet \7orldly \;isa0i(i de- 
vel 'oed 30: .ev;hat early, by the inconri:rui- 
ties c:d' life at oarey Mission, kept them 
from coiui:ienting too freely on the5:i; matters, 
then really there v/as so much to admire 
in the genuine piety, the sincere rever- ) 
ence and hearty Christ ianitv of th(^se 
people - so much true happiness under their 
humble roofs - tliat in latc^r ye^.rs tlie 
recoil ceion or zhls matrimonial balance 
only caused a pleasant sm.ile to pass over 
14 o t h e 1" ^ s c o un t e nf -■. nee. 

The ti/o younc^ girls v/on the hearts of 
the v/hole congregation, and tiieir First 
ComiiiUnion vvith it:o accomp.aiyiMg incidents, 
was an event long remembered in the onil 
annals of the parish. 

During all this time letters passed 
only once bet\'een therase'lves and tiieir 
parents, throu2:]i the hands of civil engi- 
neers encaged in surveying-, a mail route 
betv^een Detroit and Fort Dearborn, These 
gentlerk^n kindly took cn-.rge )i' letcers 


to the Homestead, >\nd on thui.- r :turn to 
Detroit in tlio Ictu autui.m of I8;r/, tluiy 
brou^'ht a letter announcinr; tluit Gr: no- 
f-'ther v/oulcl vicit his d-'U.';iit> rs in •lie 
course of the ^.inte•i• on iiis v/:iy t^) Lo!;er 
Canada, as the Province of Quebec v;as then 
styled, When he cniae ho h/id both spd nov.'S 
and ,r:ood nev's for tiiem, Th"ir littl'- brother 
had died of typhoid at Uam.y Ilission, and 
one of their sisters, ;:)iosf:> 'V-^-ilth had. al- 
V7ays been very fr/iil, seened to be t^^ainin,"; 
in strenc:th. 

He inouired i.C they v/ou.Ui likc^ to sr^end 
another year .-^v/ay from \'iOVA(i , If so, they 
mi*:'"ht remain in Detroit to continue their 
studies. They botii be,-;^;ed to b-..^ nllo-./ed 
to spend a I'e^; months v/ith taeii- mother 
to enjoy her coir.eany, and to offer their 
condolences. Kothei- asked to return to 
her studies later on ana to urini,; hu.- sick- 
ly sister v/ith her to Detroit, Th..- cliiicl 
could receive special medic e 1 trcati.ient and 
have che ^rf ul coiapanionship \7ith childi-en 
of her ovjn age - perhap..: be able to :;o to 
school, I>lother pledged hers-^lf to the ten- 
dor care of the little inVc'.lid, ana Grand- 
father consented joyfully, to \-.'ii<at he con- 
siderfi^.d proof of p true religiou:; spirit. 

He then continued his journey to Quebec, 
vjhere he fully exrjected to enjoy the lon,^-; 
deferred privileges of a Christian, In this 
he v/as grievously disappointed, for his 
st-^tement regerding the document he Iiad been 
requested to sign v.^s treated v/ith disti'ust, 
and as a flimsy pretext brou^.^ht forv:ard to 
cover up sorae misdeed ov misdem.eanor. 

To a severe rebuke for his lack of sub- 
mission to his pastor, he r-i plied by asking 
if he ought to sign the pr.per. He v;as told 
no true uatholic ought to sign such a docu- 
ment, but th' t it could not hc'ivu- been 

-5^ - 

presentod to liii'^.. After r.mch ci.rcul.'i- ar- 
p;uriient on the subj' ct, he ru';,li::(>d tu t the 
Church authorities of Canada deeiied it 
to ii;nore the situ tion, and tliis position 
beimj; t"'.ken, left hiM no outlet. 

Up>)n hi.s return to De'wrv^it, lie /ound ^ 
the little Parisian cjlony tiiere had re- 
ceived instructions fi-oia Kr^aice vei-y i luch 
to the point, and extre.ely cnisoliji^;. 
First of all, th'jy v;er. v;arnixl not to do 
anythin ■ to disrupt the peace ox tne ^arish, 
for the pool' andirar^rant needed the olcs ic- 
ings of re.Ligion/3o they cou d not enter 
into these matters of hi;:her docti-ine, the 
false te.'ichinr, could not h- ri.: them, Triey 
were told to allov their v;iV' s r^nd cliild- • 
ren to aoproach the Sacraments ,a£: th-ir 
pastor v.^is duly authorized t) dis .^ns j tliem, 
and did not reouire of thei.; any si<^ne.ture 
to t'le unf ortun-'.t" do curie" it. They tliemselves 
must refr-'.in from sip;ninfr it, patiently 
submittinfr to the injustice r^jGultin-- from \ 
their refusal. They v;ere exhorted to re- ^ 
double fervor in pra^^er, to obs'.^rve strict- 
ly the rules of fr'Stini^, and they wei'e 
reiainded that under the circiuastances all 
that V7as needful to cleanse their souls 
from sin vjas sincere and heartfelt sor^'ov; 
for having offended (Jod, 

Thus the discord ended, the parish gre\-; 
in numbers and flourishea, and '..'ith it the 
tovm likev/ise thrived.. After th-is, Graiid- 
father^s daughters spent some months of ^.^ach 
year in Detroit, both for educational and 
social advantages, and the youn er ones 
cane \dth their older sisters, instead of 
going to Cprev Mission, ihere they made ^ 
their First Cor.X'-nunion, and there all four J 
sisters v/ere confirmed later on, three by 
Bishop Fenvick, and one by bishop Rese, 

- 59 - 


Fiearwhilfi, life at tuc Homestead con- 
tinued on an even tenor, Grandfcitiier 
dealt with the Indians, :..hippod 'lis furs 
in barp;e-like roi-.'boats to iiackinac, visite.i 
Quebec, and from time to time spent .one 
months in Louisiana, where he hau a tradin^^^ 
post at baton Rouge, Therj he dealt v;ith 
tribes dwelling west of tne idssissippi, 
who brought him all the valuable pelts of 
the far V/est, includirig sealskins from 
tiie iMorthern Pacific Coast, These were ex- 
ported from i'^ev; Orle^'us to !•' ranee. 

The rOad|:;ur'Vtyec betv;een Detroit aijd rort 
jjearborn was laerely a verification of t}ie 
old Indian trail across the Southern Lake 
region. Landmarks were established, a few 
bridges, strongly built of unhewn timbers, 
w^eiTj throvm across the str ,ams, a -'ev; hill- 
sides were graded, and little else v/as done 
or needed. The trail was estai^lished upon 
ground naturally firm and solid. It avoided 
quagL;ires ■ and othe' obstacles, and as the 
only vehicle to pass over it v;as the mail 
wagon - a sort of buckboard, guiltless of 
springs, drav.n by Indian ponies - which 
came one week and re" irned ohe next, no 
deep wheel ruts Hi^rked the still unbroken 
sod, All travel v\ras in the saddle, and 
the solitary horseman always received hos- 
pitality at the homestead, v/here this trail 
crossed the front lavm. 

resides the regular missionaries, v;ho 
came at appointed times, other priests also 
found shelter and v/arm v/elcome when jour- 
neying along the routt-. The priest who set 
out on a long journey through the wilder- 
ness alv/ays carried v/ith him all the essen- 
tials for the celebration of mass, and if 

- 60- 

he was so fortunate as to find a uathoiic 
household to receive nin for hm-: ni/';ht, 
the f oJ lov/ini'; morning he always said Mass, 
using as an altar the lar^'^-^^^ i^nd ino-st- suit- 
able piece »f furniture at iiand - either 
desk, table or bureau. xhus, a iioiae like \ 
ours uasasan oasis in the desert, i rients 
timed their departure and travelled more 
raoidly in order to <roach r,uch a homestea i. 
neither did they liold it needfu]. to make 
official reports of such i^iasne-s, v;hich ^'ere 
mei^ely a v^art of their liV'-r, like otner 
daily prayer, Much less dia they consid*^r 
that those who p;ath';red around the impromptu 
altnr ov/ed them any special f:ratitude, per- 
sonally, Christianity was more spontaneous 
and less formal than it is no';. 

The Indians of both tribes reiiained 
friendly, and placed the greatest confi- 
dence in the inmates of the Ho .estead. 
V/hen going on a prolonged hunt, -v 
they did not c re to be burdened with / 
all tiieir effects, they used to leave 
them in the care of the family, m order 
tfe t in the event of his neatb any mis- 
take might be niade by administrators or 
heirs regarding these effects, brand- 
father caused a special cabin to be built, 
apart from the rest of his premises, and 
near the spot where tne mdians usually 
built their wigwams. This was exclu- 
sively for storage of pro' erty left in 
his care by the Indians, The key of its 
padlock was not kept with his Keys, but 
was in charge of one of the daughters of 
the nomeste-d - vjhichever happened to be 
at home to aid her mother in household 
car>.^s, for although all tne young ladies J 
spent a great deal >f time elsewnere, 
they took turns in remaining ct nome 
with their motiicr. 

- 61 - 

All these acts of kindness necessari- 
ly made an ii^^ression in favor of uliristi- 
anity, but the Fbt t-iwattamios were afi'licted 
v/ith religious indifferentism. They did 
not care much about their own pa^' beliefs, 
and naturally were not looking-; foi^ anything 
better. The Ottawas were still soraev/hat in 
av7e of their medicine men, thou^^h tjie total 
failur-G of their prophecies, made during 
the war of 1812, had v/eakened the influence 
of their magic. Besides tr^is, raen like my 
Grandfather v.jould tell theiri all about 
Franklin^ s experiments with electricity, 
and trace the analogy between som.e of the 
tricks of juggler^^ ai c th e effects of elec- 
tricity, so that the Inaians did learn to ' 
refer these wonders to lav/s of nature not 
fully understood. These Ottav/ns enjoyed 
instructions v/hich they heard at the Home- 
stead, and in teaching these simple child- 
ren of the forest, Grandfather partially 
forgot his orroAvs, 

The winter after the dertth of hi'- son, 
he undertook to translate the Sacred Scrir- 
tures to the Ottav/as, spending the v;inter 
In this neighborhood. His translation was, 
of course, oral, for the narrative his 
handbook v/as the celebrated Royaumont Bible 
History, When the v/ords of the hord v/ere 
quoted, he referred to the Scriptures thei i- 
selves. Some of these Ottawas v/ero chris- 
tians and some of them pagans, but each 
evening found all of them gathered togetnur 
in the Homestead living room, v/he re Grand- 
mother v/elcomed them, and gave them the 
good example of devout attention to her 
husband »s instructions. They enjoyed her.r- 
in^the whole connected story of Man^s rela- 
tion toward his Creator and his Saviour. 
It entered deeply into their souls and the 
effect v;as permanent. VJr.en the time came 

- 6; 

for them to r,o i^orthward, a deputation 
carre to the houses to ^^ivo fornal thanks 
for this grr^'it kindness, A woman v;as 
the spokesman. Her v/ords were never for- 

"V/e thank you, our friend and brother, 
for the p-r-^at satisfaction you liave giV'~>n 
us in our Spirit, by tellin/^ to us the 
whole story of all thnt Gitche Kanito has 
done for his children amon.n: :,en, and for 
havinr taup-ht us what he wills vie diall do. 
We thank you, and it shall always be re- 

The establishment of the purmaiient 
mail ix>ute, of course, brou^-ht orJier sett- 
lers, and things were altered, both foi' better 
and for worse. The fi"^st to cjiae was Jesse 
Morgan, He brou;':ht hi.s wife anc family 
with him - sons and daughters - choosing 
a homestead site five or six miles dis- \ 
tant from Grandfather * s home. He is the ^ 
only one that need be mentioned. He was 
the best of these settlers, and, indeed, 
very good. He was of excellent family, 
without any pretension to noble ancestry. 
He came here for his own good, to seek a 
better opening in life than v/hat he left 
behind him, he came neither as a mis- 
sionary nor as a merchant; he had no com- 
mercial connection v/ith the outside world; 
he was a first-class, hif^h-class agricul- 
turist, and he came to find space enoup:h 
for a first-class farm. He did not labor 
for the conversion of the Indians, nor seek 
to further the interests of commerce. He 
came exclusively for the welfare of his ^ 
family, He was a just man, kind anri neigh- J 
borly to the poorer settlers. If he did 
not labor for the enlightenm.ent of the In- 
dians, he dealt with them fairly and kindly. 

- 63 - 

They loved him and idolized his childrc-n. 
buch men as he are always needful in the 
rank and file of life, for not all are 
born to labor for the j^ublic welfare. 

It was not r^osGible for him to under- 
stand and fully aF^preciar.e Grandfatner, 
He was slow to take in tho fact that 
Grandfather was competent to teach his 
own children until tiiey v/ere old enough 
to finish theii- education, wiiei'C the 
children of aristocratic families v/ei-o re- 
ceiving elef^ant inst-ruction. He caused 
the State School Gommittee to confiscate 
a much-prized portion of the homestead 
property, for school land, because Grand- 
father did not send his children to the 
district school, where they would have ac- 
quired a nasal twang and the Riley V/hit- 
comb dialect. Later on, he learned to 
regret that his children could not share 
in the educational advantage's which Grand- 
father lavished on his daup-.hters. 

Grandfather ^s labors as a missionary 
were not at all understood by these nev;- 
comers, which was * just as v^ell, for these 
were the days when nearly all good Protes- 
tants made sure that the Pope was anti- 
Christ and that Catholic Rome was the Scc r- 
let Woman, Jesse Morgan, hov;evnr, did not 
cherish any prejudice of that nature. 
Grandfather liked him very much, appreciated 
him fully, and with exceeding breadth of 
mind, was able to overlook these errors of 
judgment which had such annoying results. 
There v/as always friendship and good will 
and harmony of action between the tv;o 
homeste:;ds • 

- 64 - 

With two such men as dominant infl'i- 
ences in a township, we need not v/ondei^ 
that the soil of Porter County v/as un- 
stciined by massacre. The Indians v;ere 
kind and ,";rateful - alw^^/s ready to r^ive 'X 
useful information. V/hen Grandfather ^ 
came to Porter County, he found an ideal 
climate for purposes of residence. The 
summers were cool, there v/ere but fe\/ mo.'^- 
quitoes, and the v;inters were open and n .'t 
too moist. Vegetables anc: garden fruits 
wer-'^' easily grown, but the climatic con- 
ditions did not favor serious agricultur.^. 
I have recorded one visit of the Pottawat- 
tamde Chief, There were m^any otheri., al- . 
v;ays made with kindly purpose. After the 
family had been here several years he came 
in one autumn afternoon and smoked by the 
hearth, as usual, In silence. Grandmother, 
desirous of being polite, began to con- 
verse on climate and v;eather, which are 
always useful topics in friendly small ) 

"You have a beautiful country and a 
lovely clii.'iate; pleasant sunriers and mild 
winters," she remarked, "Yet," added she, 
"I am sometines homesick for the sno^/s of 

The old chief laughed grimly and re- 

"My aunt, you need not feel so lone- 
some for your Northern snowdrifts. You 
^will have all you wish of them - perhaps 
more than you wish - durino: the coming 
winter. That is what I have coiae to tell 
you. I see that your husband is out with 
his men cutting wintei' fuel. 'If you wiint 
to keep yourselves v/arm next v;inte]', tne 
way the white people do, he must provide 
twice as much fuel as Heretofore." 


- 65 - 

He then gave a very intelligent ex- 
planation of the chan^^.es of climate to 
v/hich this region was subject, ihese 
changes were dependent uyjon a seri(>s of 
circumstances that repeated themselves in 
a cycle of about eighty years, thir, cycle 
containing briefer cycles, ny Grandrnother 
remembered every detail of his very pre- 
cise statement of causcis and. effects, iny 
mother recollected some portions of it. 
That winter Grandmother had all the snows 
of Mackinac at her ov/n threshold. The in- 
tense cold of v/inter was followed by an 
extremely warm summer, ••ith sv;ar: s of mos- 
quitoes. Since then the changes of climate 
have passed through all the various cycles, 
until we seem to be no^-.' returning to the 
same conditions that existed here ei.chty 
years ago. 

The translation of the Sacred Scriptures 
was not the only religious outcome of 
Grandfather *s sorrov/ at the death of iiis 
son. He also at that, tine made fuller ar- 
rangements for the sanctification of Sun- 
day. The missionaries made infrequent 
visits and did not alv/ays reach a given 
point on Sunday. Grandfathr^r determined 
to mark the day of worship by a special 
act of devotion, imposed upon the household, 
which was to establish a habit of going to 
a place at a reasonable distance from the 
house, in order to recite their Sunday 
prayers. This, he argued, would give them 
the habit of going to church on Sundays. 

He had chosen a spot for a cemetery on 
a sandy knoll, about three-quarters of a 
mile from the house « There he had buried 
his son and had raised a huge crossof oaken 

- 66 - 

beams as a landmark. In front of this 
cross, he erected a little log building 
where the only opening; was a rather v/ide 
door, facing" the cro^s. ihis bu:"lding 
was not a chapel, but merely a shelter 
for those v/ho went to pray at the foot of 
the cross, as did all the household on 
Sundays and Holy Days, There was no ap- 
pointed hour for this visit, neither 
was there any public prayer. The rule 
was that the visit should be made in the 
morning, and each one prayed silently, 
according to the b- nt of personal devotion. 

About this time, or a ye'i.r or two later, 
Grandfather learned that the sickly child, 
who had been the object of so much solici- 
tude, and v/ho was to be the cause of gr-uat 
sorrow, was not his child, ne was told the 
true story of the birth, the death and 
burial of the infant born after the hard- 
ships of Grandmother* s weary flight. Guid- ; 
ed by the Indians who had buried the child, 
he sought its grave, but the ax of the white 
settler had felled that edge of the forest, 
and it was with difficulty that the Indi- 
ans identified the stump of the tree under 
which they had buried the b';be. A search 
for the remains resulted in finding a fev; 
fragments of a birch-bark basket, a few 
tiny bones, and earth colored by the es- 
sences of the human body. i3adly and rev- 
erently Grandfather gathered these precious 
relics, bringing them home to be laid be- 
side his other child. ihis is the true his- 
tory of the origin of our homestead cemetery - 
"A sorrov7*s crown of sorrow," reaching up 
to happier things beyond the grave. "\ 

-67 - 

At tlijn tine, also, Grand ".Tther som-'-ht 
ler;al advice regprdin:'; the child substi- 
tuted for 'lis, but .found tliat the t'^ r.tinony 
v:as insuf j'icient to Wi.rra.nt repudiation, 
especially after the long lapse of tiiiie 
since the evc'iit. He concluded to acjcpt 
the situation, and convsidej- it ao a nat- 
ter of almsrAvingo He told his f:ii:iily all 
the circijmista.nces and ruouusted tiiOM nev^r 
to mention thr? subject outside the family, 
and never to speak of it a:.ion[', themselves 
v.dthout absolute nece. sity. As years v;ent 
on the girl developed traits of character, 
v/hich led h-±' to cause dissensi-:^ and sov; 
discord in t^i^^ lioiae tha.t shelttiix-ed her. It 
is not my purpose, hov.'eV'L'r, to d^.rell at any 
length upon her misconduct, neither nov: or 
later on, Mhen I shall be compelled to al- 
lude to it in connection v;ith its conse- 

Grandfather ^s lectures to his rc'd neigh- 
bors v/ere by no means confined to r liKion. 
They v/ere also geographical and historic 1. 
The Indians i/ere curious to he-.r all about 
the v.'hite man^s country, as they styled 
Europe, soon learning to understand the 
conventional signs of things in the ii^ips, 
wiiich Grandfather traced v/ith charcoal on 
the sitting-room floor. They delighted 
also in the incidents and personages of 
French history. Glovis and Clotilda, Pepin 
and Charlemagne, Blanche of Castile and 
Louis IX, Bayard and Du Guesclin, appealed 
strongly to their imaginations, and ac- 
corded V7ith their ideals. All the viiile 
Grandf; ther ]£i bored to m^ike these impres- 
sions such as v/ould convince them of the 
futility of resisting the v;hite man. 

- 68 - 
CllAPTi::]: VIII 

Grr.ndfatliei' le-riuid a great r.eixl from 
the India HG ref;;;Mrdin,"; their y- rt history, 
in the days v;hcn the Empire of the KonUe- 
zuiu-^s ruled all North America as v/cll as 

The Spanisii connuest oT Mexico rrve 
them a I'Basuro of lib'-rt^^, ■'"or vli'ch they 
v/er'^- truly thankful, but tiiey v/oj-'- still 
subject to the remnant o1" the Azt c priest- 
hood, that had fled fr-r bevond the rule of 
the Spaniard into a land frr a''..'ay to the 
boutm:est, A-;here it never r-^ined, Tliis 
remnant of sacei'dotal :aithoi'ity, exercis- 
ing: a most tyr.-'.nn:' c-il oppression )Ver its 
immediate subjects, left the tribes to do 
as they v.-ould, exce]~>t v-a.en tb-ey ordered them 
to execute some bloody revenf;e u])on the 
whites • 

"V/e are not un,o:ratef ul, nor are v/e 
treacherous," the 3'' used to s-'.y to Lirand- 
father, "but v/hen our rulers bid us ;o on 
the v/arpath, sparin.^ neither friend nor 
foe, ue must obey them. You \/b~'te i-eople 
Qiust not find the routes over trie pie ins 
and throurch the mountain ran-'-es into the 
far V/est, You must not r^o too far beyor.d 
the J-iississippi. If you do, v/e must kill 

They told of the gr'jat dist-^-nce betv;een 
the Lake re<^{ion and that distant rainless 
country, shut in by desert lands, but they 
said that messengers from there could come 
to the southern shores of Lake leichi^^an in 
four or five days, b}/ means of relays of 
sv/ift ponies. 

- 69 - 

'^You v^hite laen," they said, "will 
never learn all tlie roads by means o£ 
which tliey can come so directly and so 
speedily, Tlinir messengers come often, 
lou see them as stran>^ers in our camps, 
but we do not tell you who th^.-y are/ iVe 
dare not, \7hen v/hite men haV'j found and 
conquered the rainless country, the wars 
between red men and whites v/ill cease, 
but not before,'' 

They told about the snake dances of 
these wicked priests, whose mai'^ic was even 
more wonderful than that of the ue la vif^nes, 
and of splendid mats and blankets v/oven by 
the people imi'iediately subject to them, 
but v/hen Urandfataei- repeated thece thin<";s, 
containin.p; so much valuable information, 
other gentlemen discredited them as idle 

nov;ever, an Indian massacre mi,p;}it 
have been perpetrated in what is now 
Westchester Tov:nship in hort' r uounty, witn- 
out any orders from these Aztec rulers. A 
family, or rather clan, of Ottawa n, had 
been spendino: a lonf^-r period than usual 
in Ghe (Jalumet country, and they had final- 
ly pitched their camp of matted wigv/ams 
on the homestead Irmd, in a beautiful grove 
of huge v/hite oaks, in the middle of the 
grove, there was, and still is, a large 
open space clear of timber and undergrov;th, 
a condition which can be referred to the 
fact that the spot was in use as a camping 
ground from time inmiemorial. The camps 
made a very pretty picture viewed from the 
front veranda of the residence, witn tie 
little log cabin, the recognized storenouse 
of their simple eff'^ctr. in the f or-'-ground, 
and this tirae the campers were more than 
usually v/elcome, being people well liked by 
all v/ho kne.; them. 

Havinp; completed their housekeeping 
arranf-eiiients, one ol' tne mothers sent 
her two d/tur;hters to a Tarm where she he'd 
heard potatoes v/ere for Scile. The f^irls^ 
who had been told to buy as many potatoes '^ 
as they could carry home, v.-cnt into the ' 
potato fields v/hero the fai'iner's sons were 
at V7ork. u'hv these young men could have 
imagined that they could insult those 
dusky maidens, by iiaking ii'i])]^oper advances, 
was incomprehensible, but that is what they 
did. As soon as the girls unci or stood, they 
turned around to go home, rhe younr men 
pursued them as far as the homestea-,, 
all out of br--^ath v-ith the three-mile race, 
the 'r^irls fell tiov7n in a dead faint ipon 
the vernnda, urandmother ordered im;aediate 
attention to be paid to their condition, r.nd 
bade t!ie voung men flee for their lives. 


"Oh, boys," she cried out, "wha. v.e:'e 

you thinking aboi;t? The Indians will kill 

you for this - kill you av/fully, LjO home 
and hide yourselves," 

It was with the greatest difficulty 
that she made them see in what a danger- 
ous position they were. After she got 
rid of them she sent for the mother of 
the tv/o girls, and was greatly relieved 
to discover that nothing ailed them more 
serious than the natural eff^rcts of terror 
and fatigue. 

Their brothers and their cousins did 
not view the matter so thankfully. They 
were angry - unspeakably angry - with all 
the wild, " unforgiving anger for which the J 
Indian is renowned, and they determined 
upon a fearful bloody vengeance, which 
should include all the v/hite settlers in 
the ualumet region, exceot their friends 
at the Bailly and^l^forgan homesteads. 

- 71 - 

ihe children of these honiestoads 
played v/ith ^^h^ Indian children, spoke 
the Indian lanr;uar,e with their dusky play- 
mates, and heard all that was said in the 
ca-np. rrom tlieir youngest dau/^jit-^r, a 
cuild scarcely ten years )f aire, ny ur nd- 
parents learned of tlie plans that had been 
made for tliis p;eneral iiaasacre, ura d- 
mother, impressively arrayed in h.'r bunday 
best, went into the cann to learn t e truth, 
and found a state of matters prt.^ci.soly as 
her little /^irl had dc^scrioed it to 'ler. 

She made inquiries and nor expostula- 
tions in a very dignified and iiapressive 
manner, and succeeded in producin;; some 
effect on the v;omen, i-iy Grandfather fol- 
lov/ed her, and began to reason with the 
men. iie likewise succeeded in pai'tially 
convincing his hearers, but the moment they 
left the camp, thought:; of rage and revenge 
would again be uppermost. The childr<m of 
the nomestead staid in the camp to v;atch 
and to listen, while pretending to be ab- 
sorbed in their games, and they had three 
days of play which they never forgot, and 
their reports kept my (irand^'^arents informed 
of the necessity of fresh ef "orts of their 

i-ong after, grandfather could tell, in 
after-dinner style, how i-iadame uailly dis- 
coursed to the Indian women regarding tiie 
customs of a society, to v.-hich she had, in- 
deed, been born, but in v;hich she had never 
mingled; how she explained the manners of 
high life, in regard to escorts and chaperons, 
illustrating the s.^'ae by anecdotes of i\er 
sister-in-law's experience in the Household 
of the Liovernor General of Canada, and quite 
as graphically^ as if she hej'self haa snared 
these experiences. Just then, howev-^r, the 
situation was no thei'ie for post prandial jesti: 

- y^ - 

Grandfather arr:ued v/ith tlie men ud- 
on the injustice of murderin/--^ many for 
the mivSde>-ds of but tv/o, and thos.3 two, 
mere lads, incapable oi' understandin;^ 
the full weight of theii- irresponsible 
actions, Grandmother pl^d .'ith them to 
remember all the kindness ev- r r.hown to 
them by different nrojiinent ^^^entlemen of 
the iMorthv/est, to bear in mind tiiere^ire 
bad Indians as well as bad v/hite men - 
just as many good men anon-^, whites as a- 
monr, indiaud. ;:>he be/~^/^ed them to con- 
sider the unfailing kindness of Jesse 
Morgan and his family tov/ard them all, as 
well as the goodness of her husband and 
her son-in-law, ii;dv;ard Biddle, and v/hy 
could not they, she argued, forgive the 
wicked for the sake of t^e good, as v;ell 
as kill the good on account of the evil 
acts of tne wicked. 

nt last she thought that she and her 
husband had succeeded in pacifying their 
rage, and so did i^randfat'ior . It was late 
in the evening of the thirci day. i^ or 
three days and tvjo nignts neither rf them 
had slept nor eaten a meal, rood had been 
snatched at in spare moments, but njw they 
felt that they might return to the iiouse 
to retire for the night. 

"Joseph," said lirandmother, sitting 

on the edge of tiie oed, "I am too tired 

to undress. l can scarcely keep my eyes 

open. 1 shall oe glad of my bed,-' 

The youngest daughtej- cai;:e running 
in v^ith : 

"Oh, i^apa i uh, .^mmal they are at it '^ 
again! ns soon as you lel't the old men 
began to make speeches. ihe old v/omen are 
dancing and singing, and the young men are 
sharpening knives and tomahav/'rs. The girls 
pir\r\ V7nr;ip.n n "P rnnki np" bullets." 

- 73 - 

ivithout a moiii'-'nt's hesitnti )n ur nci- 
mother arose, r'rev; her nantle around lier^ 
and takinp; her cruci "ix and ?ier prayej- 
beads, returned to the carnp, follov.'od by 
urandfathe]-, v;fio paused only to r.rnrk to 
the children and Aunt Theresa; 

"My children, pray. Theresa, you v;ill 
say a rosary. The children will an::ver. 
Pray, children, pray! " 

And tliey all did i^ray, their voices 
risinr; and sv/ellin/^, to the ni^^ht, and 
then sinking again to a whisper in weari- 
ness and terror. By and by, the fierce, 
angry sounds from the carnp died dovrn, and 
one by one the children fell asleep, leav- 
ing their g 'Od, holy sistur alone in her 
vigil of pra3^er. 

Early in the gray of the dawn Grand- 
mother re-entered the house, 

"Yes, Theresa, all is well. They are 
going home, V/e have persuaded tit' m to that. 
Yes, child' 'en, it is really all over, Youi^ 
father is helping them to break camp. 
Theresa, go cind tell the hired men they 
must help the Indians pack, for they must 
be at the lake and in their canoes before 
their fury returns. Your father is going 
with them to the lake, and perhaps v/ill 
take one of the boats and go a little of 
the v/ay v/ith them, I shall sleep nov/," 

And sleep she did for twenty-four hours, 
while the criildren and Aunt Theresa remained 
alone in the Homestead, Late in the after- 
noon some of the men returned, hapj^y to re- 
port that the Indians had embarked on their 
homev/ard journey, and that Monsieur had thou:Tht 
.best to give them his personal escort for the 
first day's trip. 

- Ih- - 

It in a trariiti on ai'^on,''; the old in- 
habit:mt3 of the Lake rer;ion that, all 
ar^ui'^ents failinp:, Granuinotiior drev; near 
to the fire around v;.ach the old v;it cries 
were dancing, to the lausic of the v/ar 
son^, and:,th:,t slie bep;an to recite the 
Rosar;^ aloud in the Ottav/a languar; •, It 
has been told that at tiie words, "in tne 
.name of th.e father, Son, ,-nd Holy Giiost," 
the fire f 1: ckered and ito flaiaes died 
av/ay. As every Catholic knows, the apos- 
tolic Creed followed, an.-- as that holy 
symbol of faith rang through the forest, 
uttered in clear, dominant tones, the 
voices of tlie singers died av/ay in their 
throats, and tne limbs of the dancers 
were benumbed. Five times the words, "as 
we forgive them who trespass against us," 
fell upon the savage ears, and asthe words, 
"now and at the hour of death" rose upon 
the air, they v;ere fraught with tlieir 
fullest 1 leaning, for the one who r-peated 
them knew if this, her last apnea,!, failed, 
then, indeed, tlie hour of he • death v/as 
now. But as the last Doxology was waited 
to h.3aven, and tlie iiosary ended, as it be- 
gan, v/ith the invocation of the holiest 
names, the black darkness )f ni-'-ht broke 
into gray da^-m, and the demons wer quelled. 

When Grand; lOther awoke to Aunt Tiiei'esa^s 
ministrations, it was only to partake of 
the nourishment offered and to -'all asleep 
again, '"or another long nap of t\.elve 
hours. When she finally awoke, she saw 
her husband re-enter the house cind heard 
the tones of his voice, 

"Yes, Marie, all i;. well. They are 
gone, I took the old chief in my boat to 
talk With him alone, 1 v/ent a full day^s 
journey with them and saw them go North, 

C) - 

V/hen l.hcy were out oi' si/';ht I laid dovm 
by the campfiro anci t3lept, and 1 Gl(j}>t 
in the bo:it all the v;ay back," 

"All is v;ell. Th'.^ chief is a r,o^x\ nan - 
a very r.ooci r.ian. He sees the ricattci" in 
its true li/^ht, and I was very much im- 
pressed by ti'ie v/isdom of liis conclus:ons. 
He praised tiie prudence of t/iu [^ov«-.'rji: lent 
in separa'r.inf^ the Indians from the v.hites, 
and in p;ivinf'; them lands v/here they mirht 
d\/ell apr'rt anci maintain their o\:n customs." 

"V/e v/i].l leave ou • ^p'.r-ls at liome the 
next tame we v;ish to come here," he said, 
"and bi'inr only our v/ives and our rons. h'e 
ou/?ht to be very f^la.d that vie liave a place 
where we can Iceep our daur' iters in sa"ety." 

In all this, be it noted, that Grand- 
father was not actinf^ as an Indian chief. 
Had he been one oi those fooli:)h white men 
V7ho assumed the position of chief for the 
sake of notoriety, he would h.ave oeen 
powerless for good. He would nave been 
pledged to the Indians to do their will ao- 
solutely. As friend and neighbor, Jie pos- 
sessed and wielded an influence proportioned 
to the kindness and justice with v/hich he 
had always treated them, j .y Grandmother 
knew t'r.eir customs and spoke their lan- 
guage. She understood hov; to approach 
them, and thus use her persuasive povir,rs 
effectually, but it was not anything that 
she possessed in com:n")n with them that 
carried v;eight. It was the inate dignity 
of her nature and her gr -at force of 

Grandfather said nothing to the young 
men v/hose folly nad had these serio^js r •- 
suits. That was Jesse Morgan »s task, 

- 76 - 

and it v;as duly performed in sncli a Man- 
ner that in this nei^f^hborhood the like 
misdeme nor v;as not heard o [' .-'j^nin. 
These boys p;rew into men, loadin;-; snch 
lives that the laatter was ''or|T;ott<>n, the 
incident ]. ivin.p; only in their memories 
anfi in their permanent gratitnde to our 
family - a gratitude shown to my J-iother 
in kindly acts many ^ears a^'t 'rward. 



- (I - 


I do not wir;h tliat anyone :-.hou.ld Jor 
one moment imagine that I wi>sh to r\aim an 
exalted pre-eminence for our fanily in re- 
garri to the ,p; >od deeds th- t v/ere peri'ormed 
in the backwoods, j .y intention is to de- 
pict a state of things existing; in the old 
i^orthv/est at tlie period with v/hich ray nar- 
rative deals - a period imperfectly knov.Ti 
and still less understood. In moi^e tlian 
one Christian home, amonp; people of more 
than one denominalinn, history of th.i.s 
sort was repeating, and duplicatin/^ itself, 
but V7here dwellers we- e twenty-five, fifty 
or a hundred miles apart, tiie liiost curious, 
left liand could not possibly know ^..11 t.i:..t 
its distant right nand was cioing, 

V/hat contributed most to bury this his- 
tory in partial oblivion was the peculiar 
form of historic:-.l criticism employed by 
middle- class men and women, who aspired to 
be the chroniclers of the events Wi-ich had 
paved tlie way for their ovm advent into 
the wilderness and conquered it, for tjiem 
to use and enjoy. 

Coming from v/here they had seen much 
of the complexities of wickedness, they v7--^re 
unable to believe in t^e simple and sincere 
goodness reigning in those primitive liouse- 
holds. It seemed to them a huge falsehood, 
which thev must detect and expose. If they 
found no- records to prove and substantiate 
statement;; frommeTri)ers of a family, i:hey 
re'^used to accept these statem-nts^ even 
when corroborated by relatives, friends and 
social equals. ihe testimony of a disciiarged 
servant was accounte- of great value; still 
more so^that of an ignorant person in the 
lower v/alks of life, who was evincing great 

- Vb - 

ill v/ill in the Mntter, The re,-ison of 
preferring such testimony v;as freely- 

"They ain^t tellinp; lies to ple.iSG 
you," V7as the inevitable response to 
every remonstrance nade against the ad- 
mission of such evidence. V/ith such 
methods of collecting materials for iiis- 
torical narrative, .it is not to be \;onder d 
at, that they left the trut;i at t\\e bot- 
tom of the v/ell. 

Among other gentlemen, who, v/liile labor- 
ing for the comfort and v;ell-being of tneir 
familes, gave lauch and tiiK^ to the, 
true amelioration of their red nei;;hbors, 
was an h^nglish gentleman from the 
of Ir e Iti nd , Colonel Johnstone. lie married 
the d:'Ug:te:- of a Chippev;a chief of dis- 
tinction among that section of t^^o p-r-^'at 
Chippewa nation inhabiting the neighbor- 
hood of Sault Ste, I-larie, Madame John- 
stone v/as every inch a princess, and gave 
a noble example to her father's people of 
a truly Christian and thoroughly civilized 
life. Colonel Johnston." v/as a staunch 
Episcopalian rnd t :e friend and protector 
of t e Rev. Mr, Brown, who, without inter- 
fering v;ith Catholic missionaries, labored 
zealously for many years as an ijoiscopalian 
missionary in the ^hippev/a nation. 

V/hat manner of a man, ana true-heart od 
gentlemen, uolonel Johnstone was is best 
shown by an anecdote often related to I'le by 
one who had knovm him well. After he had 
been a number of years in the Northwest, 
he received a most cordial invitation to 
visit his friejids in Ireland. He accept- 
ed it \jith gr.-at pleasure, but soon re- 
turned in groat anger, ne had been called 

- 7^- 

home to lirten to propos.-ls of inarriac^e. 
ne stood next in line to some impoi-tant 
family succession, but in urdor to take 
his place it would be necessar. foi- him 
to marry according to the family rank. 
They had made him acquainted with a nuiab r 
of eligible young ladies, before plainly 
stating thrdr v/ishes, ihey argued in vain. 
ne told them he preferred hi^^ princei:S of 
the forest to all the insipid beles in 
the United Kingdom, and he never forgave 
his relatives their endeavors to render 
him unfaithful to the bond of iinrriage. 

1 dare not linger on Tiackinac Island, 
for there my labors would never end were 
1 to tell ail the true history of all the 
good men and women v/h > dv;elt there long 
ago. If I nowf select one name of less note 
than others, it is because he did his deeds 
with reference to matters v/hich I have al- 
ready dv/elt upon at length. In the earlier 
pages of the records of Mackinac County, we • 
find the name of Samuel Abbott, Esq., Jus- 
tice of the Peace. Mr. Abbott was an earnest 
uatholic - if X mistake, not a convert. 
ne was a lawyer by profession, His ori^^.inal 
home was in St. Louis, whe e he Liade his 
investments and sought advice on moral and 
religious subjects. Just what form of busi- 
ness he occupied himself with matters but 
little. It left him, however, plenty oi 
time to reflect up m matters connected with 
public welfare. His legal mind foresaw cru- 
el possibilities for the mis chief -making 
genius of some pettifogger in the matter 
of inheritance of property by tlie children 
of common-law marriages. As a true and sin- 
cere christian, he noted v/ith regret an ever 
increasing laxity of principle regarding 
marriage among a certain class of young 
people, in plain and homely phr.ase, he saw 

- 80 - 

that that wsort of thing had gone on quite 
long enough. As a lawyer, he quickly came 
to the conclusion that a good form of 
civil marriage would be a boon to Mackinac 
and its vicinity, as tiiere did not seem to 
be much hope of having resident clergy, 
ihis was while my grandparents still re- 
sided on Mackinac Island. 

He talked the mattr-^r over with all the 
leading gentlemen of the Northwest. When 
he went to St. Louis he unfolded his pro- 
ject to his confessor, with the result 
that he qualified himself as Justice of 
the Peace - not to make legal business, 
but for the moral welfare of the community 
in v/hich he dwelt. Hy Grandparents cele- 
brated a wedding anniversary by going be- 
fore him to have their marriage placed on 
record in order to secm^e their children's 
inheritance, uthers followed their ex- 
ample, and henceforth until the establish- 
ment of resident clergy, bamuel Abbott, 
Esq., performed all marriage ser-vices in 
i^ckinac County, in proper legal form and 
with all due reverence. 

In Wisconsin the i^heldon home preserved 
christian tradition among the settlers 
of a f^ r-reaching neighborhood. Fir. Sheldon, 
in some way, either by inheritance or in- 
vestment, became the proprietor of an ex- 
tensive tract of land in Wisconsin, so he 
brought his family and household into the 
i^orthwest, where he dwelt in affluent com- 
fort, educating his children hi. self by 
means of an extensive library, which in- 
cluded the Bible and the Common Prayer, 
for I^. Sheldon was v/hat in those days 
was called a Church of England man - that 
is, a zealous ii>piscopalian, determined 
upon the strict observance of all the 

- tJl - 

rules and ritual of the English ohurch. 
It goes without saying that family v/or- 
ship, daily as v;ell as Sunday, was on^ of 
theso rules strictly enforced by him, all 
of which was well known to the v/hole coun- 

One day while he v/as in iiis library 
instructing his daughters, a sheepish- 
looking young couple appeared. The young 
man could only turn his hat round and 
round, but the girl explained tlie situa- 
tion thus : 

"We are goinn: to get married, i-ir. Shel- 
don, and as there is not any preacher 
hereabouts, we^d like to have you read the 
service for us," 

Mr, Sheldon explained that his reading 
of the service would not be of much value, 
as he had no authority oi any kind to 
marry people, 

"But, Mr, Sheldon, please do, it will 
be better than nothing, you know." 

This argument v/as irresistible, "Better 
than nothing I" "Well, yes," thought Mr. 
Sheldon as he opened the book of Comr;ion 
Prayer at the marriage sei^vice, address- 
ing the opening sentence to his young 
daughters, v/ho, wholly unequal to the oc- 
casion, barely kept their faces straight, 
as they afterv/ard frankly stated to their 
mother and the rest of the household, who 
laughed with them at the crudity of the 
occurrence • 

Mr, Sheldon lectured them briefly from 
that text of Scripture which speaks of the 
crackling of thorns, and pondered the matter 
very seriously. After tv/o or three more 
young couples had entreated the like fervor, 

he consideiM^d the whole subject still i.iore 
seriously, since such reliance, such con- 
fidence in him was felt by the nei^^hbor- 
hood, he ouf^ht to do something for thcin, 
ne could not take Orders, but being a 
lawyer by profession, he could easily 
qualify as a Jur.tice of the Peace. This 
he eventually did, and for many a year 
i^irs. yheldon was often called upon to mar- 
shal the v/hole household into the library 
to represent the "dearly beloved now gaLh- 
ered together." 

These good deeds are not i^e corded in 
courthouses, tov/n halls or Cathedrals, 
but they are v/ritten with letters of gold 
upon the pages of the Book of Lir^. 

My Grandparents had once at least to 
deal v/ith a case wholly different from 
these, and yet resulting from those primi- 
tive customs of marriage. Among the many 
camps set up in the old white oak grove 
was one of Mackinac Indians, .who had come 
down to this end of the lake for the 
purpose of gathering herbs, roots and 
barks for dyes and medicinal purposes* 
The Calumet country v/as the home of the 
Indian drug trust, for its soils and cli- 
mate were favorable to the growth of many 
medicinal, as well as poisonous , plants 
and shrubs, v/hich the Indians planted in 
favorable situations and left to Nature's 
care. There were certain swamps which 
would have delighted the heart of a bor- 
gia, where deadly sumach and three-leaved 
ivy, briony vine, monk's hood, deadly 
night shade and other horrid spotted plants, 
soaked in poisonous juices, grew and 
flourished amid venomous reptiles, v/hose 
unwholesome breath was considered to nour- 
ish to still greater strength the virus of 
all those gruesome favorites of the toxi- 

- i 5' 

There were also foriist nooks and glades 
and peaceful meadows, where tilings useful 
or merely remedial p;rew - spice v;)od, 
wild pepper, sassafras, tag alder, bone 
set, yarrow, calamus root, and all the 
beneficent mint family; likewise fern 
roots, blood root anil gold thread for dyes, 

it is to be presumed that the band above 
mentioned did not come on any poison quest. 
They were Christians, in the different 
stap:es of conversion, and they all wished 
to obev the law of God and submit to the 
dictates of the uhurch. Among them was a 
woman, who, leavin^>; the rest of her family 
on Mackinac Island, had brought with her 
only her oldest daughter, to help her dig 
and gather the needed supply of useful 
roots and herbs. The girl was very pretty 
and very good, and very much in earnest 
about fulfilling all the rules of the uhurch. 
Among the young men hired to my Grandfather 
was a young French Indian, also a convert to 
uhristianity. He was attracted by a beauty 
suited to his taste, and, in fact, the two 
young people seemed made for one another. 
At first the girl was as happy as ever a 
young girl is over her first love, but, un- 
luckily, the young man pressed his suit too 
ardently. He could not brook delay and de- 
manded a speedy marriage, according to the 
Indian custom and common-lav; marriage. The 
mother cnnsented and chose a site for the 
new wigwam. The daughter, a little better 
instructed in matters of religion and morals, 
came to Grandmother for counsel. Grand- 
mother explained to her that she must tell 
her mother such marriages were no lonp:er per- 
mitted, as- the necessity for them had 
ceased to exist. There was a resident 
missionary in the wackinac country. ihey 


would soon return there. ihey must wait 
until then to be loai^ried properly, ac- 
cording to law anfi in full obedience to 
the Church. 

The moth'^r was very lauch displeased 
and came to the hous;-. to express her dis- 
plea::urG, There was a long discussion, 
characterized by perfect dignity on one 
.side and great impertinf-'^nce on the otlior. 
Grandmother calmly explain^^d uhristian 
doctrine and uhristian usage. Keference to 
her own marriage only drev; forth fuller ex- 
planations of the mannur in v/hich the Cath- 
olic ohurch regarded holy matrimony in the 
varying circumstances of lii'e. Grandmother 
explained and dwelt particularly upon the 
propriety of a reasonable pejiod of be- 
trothal wliich gave both parties time to 
consider the serious obligations they were 
taking upon themselves. This was a little 
more than the Indian ra.'ther chose to hec.r 
in silence. 

"Well, Madame Marie, your opinions must 
have undergone a gre^at change since the 
tim.e of your own betrothal, v/hich was not 
even as long as one afternoon." 

"My friend," replied Grandmother, "you 
do not know what you are talking about, iiy 
position v/as a very disagreeable one, and 
it was growing every day more and more 
dangerous on account of the wickedness of 
the v;orld. ihe Indianswere good to me, but 
I was not one of them. They gave me their 
best, food and shelter. 1 shall nev-r for- 
get their kindness, but they could not 
give me the protection 1 needed. 1 know 
I left them abruptly, ihey were going 
further^ that same day, 1 was obliged to 
decide quickly, jjo not tliink 1 did so 
without asking advice, ihere were ti:en, 

as nov/, f^>od, wise ladies living; on the 
Island. 1 v;ent to them and they told me 
that Liod was very good to to send lae 
such a noble prot^ ctor. It was a long 
time before 1 found in my husband either 
husband or lover. I could see him only 
as an angel of deliverance sent to me by 
Almighty God. From him 1 learned to know 
more and more about (iod, and 1 am glad to 
be the mother of his children." 

"My friend," added Gr.'.ndmotiier , "can*t 
you see your daughter's case is different? 
She is an Indian girl with an Indian father 
and an Indian mother. lou a-e all Indians. 
ahe does not need to leave you so hastily. 
DO not put her in a position where she 
would be condemned, jjo not compel her to 
undergo a public penance in the ohurch." 

Just wnat kind of a lively uime mother 
and daughter had "or the next fev; v/eeks no 
one kn:ws, but one day the girl came to 
the hpuse in a terrible tantrum, bhe v/as 
not going home v/ith her mother. John v/as 
hired by her mother to paddle tiieir canoe 
on the home trip, and her mother said the 
marriage would take place Indian fashion 
on the way. She declared she would remain 
behind. She would hide herself in the 
woods. Grandmother told her to do nothing 
so foolish and so imprudent. The other 
Indians would soon be around, and what 
would their young men think of a girl who 
had hidden herself from her mother? Of 
course, if she v;ished to disobey her mother 
and to refuse to return home v/ith her, she 
must come to the nomestead for shelter. 

Then the mother came in a state of equ£il 
excitement, demanding that the permission 
given her daughter to remain at the Home- 
stead be v/ithdrawn» 

- B6 - 

"My friend," responded Grandiaother, 
"you cannot force her to go with you if 
she does not v/ieh, Hov; v/ill you make her 
do so? You cannot shut her up in a basket 
like a puppy, or tie hnr up in a bag like 
a kitten. She is nov/ a young v/oman. Her 
heart has been open to sentiments of love, 
you cannot expect to deal v;ith her like a 
child any longer. If she stays behind, as 
she threatens to do, this roof must shelter 
her, and I must give hor raothei-ly protec- 
tion, lou call Lie meddlesome. Do I go to 
your wigwam to bother you about these 
things? lOU both hav:^ cone to me in my 
• house to talk about them. Shall I tell 
you what is true or shall I tell you lies? 
Can't the same ones paddle for you going 
home that did so ^vhen you came? John goes 
back V7ith you. we will seel" 

John did not go back with them. Grand- 
father sent him to the assistance of an- 
other trader, v/ho needed extra help. The 
girl v/ent br; ck to i^iackinac with her mother, 
and the next news of her came two years 
later. She was sleeping quietly in a nook 
of the old island cemetery. She did grieve 
at the loss of her lover. Then she kept one 
Lent too strictly, the Indians always pushed 
the penitential exercises of the Ghurch to 
great excess. She caught cold in the early 
part of spring, hasty consumption follov/ed, 
and she died without ever seeing John again, 
ihe priest had but little to say about the 
matter, only as he tiorned away from her 
grave, he said that she was a dear, sweet 
saint • 


V/e always refer to this home as a horae- 
stead, but that word must not be taken in 
one of its present ler^al interprett-tions . 
Grandfather did not acquire the premises 
merely by residinf^ the-e. Mis right of 
ovmership as a true, pure, absolute, fee 
simple, by right of purchase from the Uov- 
ernment Land Office. I am not a ble to quote 
the Homestead Lav/ of those days verbatim, 
but 1 know its import. Anyone entering 
into, dwelling upon, and improving land 
previous to a government final survey and 
sale, could purchase one hundred and sixty 
acres, comprising the ground occupied by 
his residence at the ordinary governi.ent • 
price, v;ithout opposition or competition. 
Land thus improved and occupied could not 
be auctioned off to the highest bidder. 

Grandfather did select two eighty-acre 
lots that he held to be desirable for the 
purposes of a gentleman's country-seat, im- 
proving them as fully as the lav; required, 
he was allov;ed to buy the eighty acres on 
which his residence stood, and also another 
eight v-acre piece in the rear of the dv/ell- 
ing; but he v/as deprived of the one direct- 
ly in front of his home, vrhich was set a- 
side for school purposes, as a rebuke for 
his inattention to the education of his 

Grandfather also purchased a large tract 
of land on both sides of the ualumet River, 
following its course through Porter County 
into Lake County. He did this in order to 
be in a position to control the use of the 
stream, and its waters for the purpose of 
improving and enlarging a natural harbor 

■■ ^ 88 ^ 

in Lake Michigan, situated north of the 
western part of i^orter oounty. He was 
one of many gentlemen interestc^d in Lake 
navigation. He belonged to an associa- 
tion of capitalists intending to build a 
tov/n or city near this point, called at '\ 
that time the mouth of the old oalumet. -^ 
At that period it needed very little Avork 
on the part of competent civil engineers 
to render it a useful and commodious har- 
bor • Grandfather attended one ;-ession of 
the Dtate Legislature at Indiana ;:)olis in 
order to secure some legislation regard- 
ing it, but he failed to secure any atten- 
tion to the project, which, after all, did 
not altogether come under the jurisdiction 
of the State, as questions relative to 
river and harbor improvements call for Con- 
gressional measures. The Eh stern capital- 
ists, interested in the matter laid it be- 
fore congress v/ith better results. No fetock 
company was formed. It was merely a private 
project among men of commerce, who knev; j 
what ought to be done, and who had means 
enough to carry out their plans. Grand- 
father's purchase of the tract of land 
represented his share of the risk. His 
profit was to be in the sale of the property 
for town purposes, nis services to the or- 
ganizaliion were to be in their freedom of 
action, resulting in his intelligent ov/ner- 
ship of all riparian rights along that part 
of the Calumet River v;hi oh would be needful 
for the improvement of the harbor. 

For a while matters progressed very rap- 
idly. Grandfather was very enthusiastic, 
but he was the first to foresee failure, 
though he was too honorable to cease his 
efforts, saying that as long as others 
continued to hope, he must act in consort 


with then. Mis ground:^ for for-iboding 
lay in his vie\vr> r^\Q;ardin,p; Jackson^ s poli- 
cy, which he decl.^red would destroy all 
hitherto approved methods of transactirifi; 
business; without giving any useful sub- 
stitutes for the methods which were being 
declared unlawful. 

it has been imagined by some that this 
tovm w<s laid out alon.^^side of the home- 
stead residence, because of the great 
regularity of the general )'lan of the 
premises, but nothing could have been fur- 
ther from the tastes and wishes of a member 
of the old i'rench aristocracy, ;;here ex- 
clusiveness ought to have been spelled se- 
clusiveness, A proof of this eeclusiv.-jnes^ 
which Indiana knevj how to respect, is a 
measure which Grandfather took regarding 
the mail route, v^hich at first was taken 
over the old Indian nrail, crossing the 
long lawn in front of the residence. At 
first the tiny rill of travel was a source 
of entertainment and pleasant social inter- 
course. Later on the increasing stream be- 
came a nuisance, and when it was at length 
necessary to define the road more decidedly 
by means of road improvements, urandfather 
petitioned the authorities to turn the 
road away from his premises, averring that 
it vrsiS a disagreeable intrusion upon the 
privacy of his home life. 

ihis petition was granted, and the road 
turned in a westerly direction after cross- 
ing the river, led the travelling public 
to the shelter of a simple hostelry, built 
at Grandfather *s expense and managed by his 
tenants. This inn v/as almost three-quarters 
of a mile northwest of the homestead resi- 
dence, and a mile and a half south of Lake 
Michigan, v/hich was reached by cro.ssing the 

- 90 - 

marsh and tht^ sandhills over the old 
Indian trail, v;hich tlie m:. il route re- 
joined shortly after leaving the tavern. 
It was also by t. is old trail that Grand- 
father's barccemen carried the furs to 
his boats v;hich lay in a snug shelter on 
the beach, close to the hills, beyond the 
reach of the stormiest waves « 

Of course, the clergy never were com- 
pelled to seek shelter in the inn, and 
persons of distinction cane to the iionie- 
■ stead with letters of introduction, vhen 
these were needful, but with the ever in- 
crer, 5:ing population of Indiana and Illi- 
nois, the old indiscriininate hospitality 
becai'ie impossible. 

One party of guests me^^ting with a wel- 
come of minf:-led joy and sadness at the 
homestead was the i-icCoy family on their 
way to the Indian Territory, v/hither they 
T^ent after the majority of the Indians 
left Indiana for the Far West, A meeting 
of the trustees of the Oarey Mission funds 
had decici d upon the removal of ths iiodeFt 
institutionto Indian Territory, the only 
place which it could really fulfill the 
purpose of itr 'oundation. Mrs, McCoy was 
pleased to meet tlie young ladies who nnd 
once been her pupils, and Hr. McCoy and 
Grandfather spent a good part of the night 
discussing the problem of his missionary 
service. Grandfather felt tiiat for him, 
as vjell as for Mr. McCoy, Indiana no 
lonp:er offered a field for such enterprises. 
On the other hand, while r-ir. McCoy v/as free 
to continue the g 'od work in the far V/est, 
Grandfather's duty t<) his fc-mily bade him 
remain v/irhin the pale of civilization, 
for he could not take young ladies of a 
marriageable age where no fitting husbands 
could be found for them. 

- 91 - 

At that time, he and Grandmother con- 
sulted v/ith one another as to hov/ they 
mi/?ht continue to fulfill their vows, 
which were made conditionally and v/hich 
were not to interfere v/ith their duties 
to their children; they concluded to turn 
their attention to other v/orks of charity 
within their reach. It v/as at this tii.e 
also th.-^t Grandfather had serious thoughts 
of selling out his Indiana interests, and 
making his home at his trading post near 
iiaton Rouge, but to this Grandmother did 
not incline. Over and above the argu- 
ments which she adduced against this plan, 
she confided to her husband that she felt 
certain strong and peculiar forebodings 
which withheld her from consenting. No 
other argument was necessary to induce a 
J^'renchman to desist from a plan, so for 
the last time Grandfather v/ent to baton 
Rouge and then and there sold out all his 
Louisiana business. He was too old to 
attend to both posts, and hivS wife^s wish- 
es led him to give up vihat was perhaps 
the most lucrative branch of his business. 

he had been very much attached to 
Baton Rouge, its scenery was not unlike 
that of his Indiana home, and v/hen he re- 
turned from his last I^lississippi trip, he 
brought with him as a lasting souvenir an 
acorn of the Louisiana live-oak v/hich he 
planted in a sheltered nook by the bend 
of the river, east of the house. It grew 
and still lives, as a small but very grace- 
ful tree with drooping branches, hanging 
over the stream, shedding its glossy leaves 
in our Northern climate at the approach of 
winter, and carefully cherished as one of 
the precious mementoes of bygone days. 

- 92 - 

Illustrative of tho great confidence 
v/hich Qrandfathor reposed in Grandnother, 
and of the terir.s of perfect equality on 
wh":ch they st ^od, is an anecdote related 
to me many years ago by an old gentleman \ 
of those days, a dry goods merchant, v/ho 
began business in a well appointed pedd- 
ler* s wagon in v;hich he visited all the 
residences and farms of Northweste]-n In- 

One day hr. drove up to our homestead 
with his v/agon filled with articles speci- 
ally designed for the use of young ladies, 
the embroidered lingerie of the period. 
He was dreadfully disappointed to learn 
that Granofathei^ wa. absent, for according 
to the universal custom prevalent among 
American families of the Northwest, no 
purchase of any kind could be made with- 
out express permission from tTie husbc'.nd 
and father, ihe young ladies, hov/ever, J 
were all at home and insisted upon a 
great display of his v/ares; he consented 
reluctantly, was greatly surprised and 
frightened when he saw Grandmother take a 
key from a special hiding place to use it 
to unlock her husband *s strong box, an 
ironbound oaken chest. Putting aside nis 
papers and account books she drew forth 
a well filled purse and sat down to super- 
intend her daughters* purchases, choosing 
for them, and advising them how to choose; 
when the young ladies had made their selec- 
tion, their mother drev/ forth the gold 
pieces necessary to foot the bill. Then she 
called Theresa forward, bidding her to 
choose a present for herself. Theresa '^ 
hesitated, but she v/as told that her step- -^ 
father had been v/ishing to make her a 
suitable present, and tk t she must select 

- ^;> - 

such a gift, as he v;ould gladly bestow up- 
on her, so Aunt Therosa made her selection 
and another gold coin was forthcoming. 

ouch liberties taken by a man's wife 
and daughters v;ith his strong chest and 
money bags, gave the merchant a very queer 
sensation, ne felt almost as if he had 
bf^en art and part in felony, so that when 
some months after, he dep cried a well-knovm 
Arab saddle horse, and the equ^illy well- 
known form of its rider coming toward him, 
as he was driving his portable shop across 
uoor Prairie, his sensations v/ere anything 
but agreeable, for he felt sure tha^. he 
would be called upon to refund the money 
and call for the goods. 

"Good-day, rorester, I am so sorry," 
said Grandfather, "that I was absent v/hen 
you brought that fine selection of ladies' 
undergarments to my house, i am afraid my 
girls were too prudent, too careful about 
spending money, perhaps if I had been 
there, they would have dared to buy more. 
1 have wished to make Theresa a handsome 
present, i am afraid she was too diffident 
to buy what really pleased her, though 
she shov/ed good taste and she tells me it 
was just v;hat she v/anted." 

Forester could scarcely believe his etrs, 
and was still more surprised v/hen Grand- 
father commended him highly for contribut- 
ing to the advancement of civilization, 
by bringing such dainty reminders of cor- 
rect taste and good form to the notice of 
the backwoods people, teaching th^ra to re- 
spect themselves laid to evince that respect 
by the use of proper apparel. 


- 94 - 

in telling-; this occurrence rorester 
.frave a beautiful description of Grand- 
mother as she appeared on this occasion, 
not saying much, but encouraging and 
suggestin/T enough, her large mild, brovm 
eyes smiling kindly at each one as she 
sat in a far corner of the room, a neat, 
sweet little fifi;ure in her black silk 
jacket and soft neckerchief of delic^^tely 
tinted India muslin, laid in Quaker-like 
folds on her shoulders and close up a- 
round her throat, her black broadcloth 
skirt fitting neatly and modestly, and a 
wealth of soft, silky blackhair braided 
into one trrss, neatly tied up with a 
dark green ribbon. "As pretty and neat a 
little pattern of a woman as you v;ould 
wish to see, gentle, motherly, and pleas- 
ant spoken," 

One striking feature of our home has 
always been its verandas and balconies, j 
the front ones especially, commanding 
very pretty views of scenery, m what 
misht be called the latter period of the 
Homestead, the years when Lrrandraother and 
Mother, both widows, dwelt there together, 
neither of them v/ould ever sit on the front 
veranda; my sister and myself called the 
front porch ours, and used to chide HOther 
for never joining us there, ohe made us 
understand that it recalled the past too 
vividly, the woodland solitude of the view 
which v;e so enjoyed, was too sharp a con- 
trast of olden days v;hen the wide lawn in 
front of this porch v/as the scene of all 
the homestead activities, the v/hole life 
of the premises v/ent on there, and now 
all v/as still and hushed. 


- 95 - 

it was there ht^r fatlr>r h d p;ivun her 
and her sisters their riding lessons, a 
strict master he was, too, overlooking no 
fault of seat or motion, exacting evjry 
point of etiquette and correct for-m, so 
that his daugliLers v/ere famed far and 
wide for their elegant horseirianship. 

There, too, was th- Indian trail, a 
deep, wide rut, made by centuries of pass- 
ing feet, which the traveling Indians 
never forsook for white man^s roads, but 
always used in all their comings and goings. 
The warriors of a tribe in full force, 
in a stately single file procession, al- 
ways made a showy pageant, but the most 
brilliant array of savage glory ever wit- 
nessed here, or perhaps anywhere, was on 
an occasion when all the v»/isconsin and 
Minnesota Indians passed by, arrayed as 
if for battle, on their way to some gen- 
eral meeting near Detroit, and, 1 be- 
lieve, across the line in uanada. 

First came the Menominees, then the 
Winnebagoes, then the i-oxes, divided into 
bands according to their totems, and at- 
tired in all their bravery. The single 
file passed on in perfect silence, and un- 
broken order, not one looking either to 
the right nor to the left, one uniform 
steady stride, not varying one inch one 
from another. This part of the proces- 
sion the family viev/ed from the veranda 
without the slightest fear, but when the 
servants whispered to Grandfather, "These 
are the last band of i^'oxes, the Dacotahs 
are next," the ladies stepped qui-^tly in- 
to the house where the heavy shutters in 
the lower story were already closed and 
bolted, the v.dndov/ sliades of threaded r^ish- 
es in the second story lov/ered, and the 

- 96 - 

the muslin -curtains drav;ji, for the IJacotahs 
as the Sioux and Sauks wo e called by 
other Indians, w-.^r- tribes not respectin- 
women; in this they differed from e'' stern 
Indians, who might murder women, but who % 
never wronged them. . / 

The Dacotahs, however, formed the 
grandest part of the pageant, their paint 
was more brilliant, the war bonnets more 
expansive and the display of arms unique, 
feminine curiosity peered through crevices 
in the window shades, at the fine stalv/art 
figures of tall, lithe, athletic warriors 
of most comrrianding appearance, li^ach war- 
rior *s elegant blanket passing under one 
arm, and over the shoulder of the other 
arm, v/as fastened together by a shoulder 
piece of burnished silver, bows and arro^^s 
hung at their backs, one hand grasped a 
bunch of javelins and the other balanced 
a rifle slung across the shoulder, when \ 
the last Dacotah had crossed the river 
and disappeared in the oak wojds, which 
received the trail into its glades, there 
was a sensation of profound relief felt by 
all who had seen the unbroken line of v/ar- 
riors of all these tribes, pass in a steady 
stream for tv;o days and a half. 

Grandfather's lessons in horsemanship 
proved useful as well as ornamentdl. On 
two occasions the horsemanship of his 
daughters was the means of forestalling 
expensive and annoying litigation. 1 do 
not know what questions of real estate 
were involved when my mother rode into 
town and saved the day for her father, 
when the distance was more than twice 
twenty miles, and the road lay through 
bog and fen and mire, it must have re- , 
lated to something in Illinois, as it 


- 97 - 

needed attention in uhicar:o« A man had 
spent tlie flood part of an afternoon at the 
homestead, threatening and blustt^rin^;, and 
afterwards v;ent to th^- inn to av.Tiit tlie 
morning; sta^';e, During his potations Lli^it 
evening he boastt.^d that he; v/as going to 
uhicago the next morning to i^etain the ser- 
vices oT all the lawyers there; needless 
to say Ur^.n-lfather 's tenants speedily trans- 
mitted the ne-.'s to the nomestecid. I'here 
was but one horse that could be relied upon 
to outstrip the stage ponies, and tiic'it was 
Hother^s mount, a former race horse that 
could yet distance all the ordinary nags and 
had, besides, plenty oj.' th.. endurance nec- 
essary for such roads as \/oulu be encount- . 
ered between here and ohicr'go; like all 
other horses of his kind, only one person 
could govern him. i-xother was ready and 
willing to transact the business for her 
father, , and al'vays an early riser, she vias 
in the saddle at four o'clock the next 
njorning, two hours ahead of the stago, gal- 
loping over the marshes by the old ti\''il, 
and thus avoiding tlie inn. sheltered by 
the hills from th--- blaze of the morning 
sun, she cantered and galloped along the 
beach, fording creeks and dodging quick- 
sands; turning inland she paused for a 
few moments at a rust,ic inn, to take a 
late breakfast in the saddle. ihen re- 
joining the beach road, she went on and 
on, until she came to the oaluraet river 
near its mouth and crossed it on a ferry 
established for the use of the stage, 
then over the prairies and across the 
swamps to ijeaubien's hotel, on the banks 
of the ohicago rivt.r-, then a narrow but 
deep creek, fed by plenteous sources. 

- 98 - 

One who was afterwards a prominent 
citizen of Uhicago used to describe 
Mother's arrival and reception at the 
hotel. As usual in small towns, the local 
informal club of all gentlemen of the 
leisure class were lounging at thnt Ja te 
hour of the afternoon in front of Beau- 
bien's. There was verr little to serve 
as scenery besides the lake, some diminu- 
tive sand dunes and the stream, there 
was a gr- at and unlimir.ed choice of prairie 
weeds, muck dust and sand, a:id nothing else. 
Suddenly on the distant horizon a horse 
and rider appeared; in a few moments it 
could be seen that the rider was a woman, a 
lady, a young lady, a very beautiful young 
lady, costumed very correctly according to 
the latest Montreal fashion, of v;hich the 
gentleman v;ns a judge, having but recently 
arrived in uhicago from that city. Be- 
fore he could ask any questions, Beaubien 
rushed forward with voluble exclamations. 

"Madeiraoisellel Mademoiselle Baillyl 
Where do you come from? V/hat has happened?" 

"I came from home," the young lady re- 
plied, reining in her horse. "I left there 
this morning, only stopping a fev/ moments 
at Gibson's for a little lunch, which I 
took without dismounting, and 1 ara now so 
stiff you must lift me off the horse, as 
I am too tired to dismount." 

Very respectfully, indeed, did beau- 
bien lift Mademoiselle Bailly off of her 
horse and support her into the house, all 
the gentlemen arose, lifting their hats 
ceremoniously, she returned their saluta- 
tions with elegant courtesy. 


"V/ho is she?" queried the Ccanadian. 

"Daughter of a French gentleman v/ho 
owns a seigneurie fifty miles away." 

"By what road did she come?" 

"None at all, along the beach, over 
prairies and around swamps, tJomething must 
be up for Bailly t) allow one of his daugh- 
ters to travel that distance alone, unac- 
companied by a groom," 

In the parlor, my moi.her explained the 
situation. :Dhe hao. swiftly on account 
of important business, and alon^^, because 
when her ho rre was urged to its utmost 
speed it out c'istanced even her father's 
own Arab mount, uhe asked to see a cer- 
tain lawyer, who happened to be in the 
gentlemen^ s parlor at the hotel, and when 
iuother informed him that her verbal message 
from urandfather must be delivered in the 
presence of a very disintei-ested witness, 
the Canadian gentleman, being a very re- 
cent addition to the population of the em- 
bryo city, was iinmediately called in, as 
being v/holly unconnected with any business 
in v^hicago. Llademoiselle Bailly having re- 
moved hei" hat and gloves, explained her 
father's business carefully, luminously 
and concisely, the lav/yer understood the 
whole situation and took the case in hand. 

Meantime Beaubien had given his orders 
in resounding tones regarding the best room 
in the house to be arranired for special 
"propriety" for Mademoiselle ijailly, who 
v/as "excessively fatigued." He also busied 
himself in the kitchen with an excellent 
"petit souper" which he served to her in 
the parlor. After a ivhile he and r^iadam 
Beaubien assisted her to her room, v/here 
the vafe undressed the tired young lady 
and put her to bed. 

- ±KJU - 

In the mornin.p;, a groom from the Home- 
stead arrived to inquire for l%demoiselle 
and to escort hnr the next day on her 
homeward journey. It goes without saying 
that the homeward trip was not made be- 
tween sunrise and sunset of one day. 

Another instance somev/hat similar oc- 
curred many years after\;ards, in fact, 
long after Grandfather »s death, when as 
a lonely unprotected widow. Grandmother 
dwelt at the homestead, her numerous fami- 
ly reduced to only tliree, herself, and 
tv/o daughters, iheresa and Hortense, but 
as this chapter is but a bundle of unre- 
lated anecdotes, her adventure can be as 
well narrated .now as later on. 

An individual of that class of fron- 
tiersmen v/ho delight in affecting to de- 
spise their superiors and in expressing 
their coarse envy by insulting conduct 
and language, came to my gr^indmotlier to 
giveher brutal annoyance concerning a 
sv/indle which he was attempting in regard 
to some part of the estate. After load- 
ing her v/ith coarse vituperation, he set 
out for the county seat, fifteen miles 
distant to present his bogus case. As a 
young lady elegantly attired and elegant- 
ly mounted cantered past him and his 
lumbering team, with a long white plume 
waving from her velvet cap, he did not 
recognize in her the negligently dressed 
schoolgirl who had lounged on the Home- 
stead veranda without seeming to pay any 
attention to him, only altering her posi- 
tion to address a fev; words in a language 
that he despised to an Indian loitering" 
around the grounds, he had not connected 

- 101 - 

the saunt' rinp; gait of this Indian to- 
wards the for^^st v/ith anything foreboding 
ill luck to his plans; he did not know 
that these brief monotonos had be^^n a re- 
quest to have her pony caught and saddled, 
while she would be putting on her riding 

xiad he recognized her, it would how- 
ever, not have aroused any apprehension 
in his mind, fo ' he belonged to that class 
of men of the lower order, who regard 
women as creatures, existing only as ser- 
vants and slaves to man's lov/est nature, 
and v/holly incapable of understanding and 
transacting business, buch men fancy that 
the daughters of the rich bask in a sun- 
shine of perpetual luxury and uninterrupted 
round of gaiety, not knov;ing that when 
wealthy gentlemen of the true aristocracy 
perceive that their only heirs, or only 
reliable heirs, are daughters, they train 
these daughters to understand very thor- 
oughly all the business v^rhich appertains 
to their future inheritance, and it would 
be useless to explain these things to those 
men because they would refuse to believe 
that such could be the case, 

when he reached the county seat, her 
little Arab was grazing in the court house 
inclosure, and the cause of the widov/ 
and the fatherless v/as in the hands of 
i)OUthern chivalry, represented by a 
gentleman from the Old Dominion, 

- 102 - 

Hitherto, 1 have depicted the happy, 
peaceful and in a certains ense of the 
word, triumphant days )f the Homestead, 
with but a mere hint towards the end of 
the last chapter, that when it became 
the hoiiie of zhe widov;, it was the scene 
of trial as well as sorrov;, £iVen ere 
then, the sorrowful days came. 

Years a^o, I witnessed the sunrise 
from the peak of the itigi Culm, command- 
ing the full panorama of the valley con- 
taining the waters of L.ake Lucerne. The 
scenery of the valley lay spread .mt , like 
an open map before us; the lake, the meadow, 
the fields and groves, stretching away to 
the feet of v/eather-beaten limestone crags, 
partially clad in sombre forests of pine 
and fir; the lake glittered under the rays 
of the morning sun, then guilding the 
turrets of the tov/n, tr-.nsf orming the 
spires in villages and hamlets into points 
of light, v^hile far away in the background 
of the landscape, stood snovz-clad peaks, 
roseate-hued from the beams of the rising 

i*'or less than five minutes the scene 
lay before our delighted eyes, then before 
we could knov; whence it came, a soft pearl 
gray mist hundreds of feet beneath us, 
flung itself over the valley blotoing out 
the v/hole .landscape in one brief moment, 
owiftly as it appeared, that swiftly it 
rose, the distant peaks v/ere veiled from 
view, the sun obscured and v;^e ourselves 
were hidden from one another in the thick 
twilight of a dense fog. 3o likewise, 
in one brief instant, did the joyous hap.;)i- 
ness of a perfectly rounded out family life 

- 103 - 

disappear from tnu iiomestead, to bu re- 
placed by the mists of doubt and disi-rust. 
Unce, and once only, did 1 huar my mother 
descrioe the last hai-py day in thu liome 
of her girlhood, ur. ndfathe, was to be 
absent all day, his hoi-s^.^ \;as waitiiig at 
the gate, yet he lingered in thfi doorway 
of the family sitting room, where each one 
had already taken un her needle\/orI:, Grand- 
mother directing and advising, v/hile she 
deftly plied hc?r ovin ne(idle, Grandfather 
entered into the lively convers'^ti -n, 
laughing and chatting, first with one and 
then with another, and many v;ero the 
little jests that were tosr^^d around, olu- 
tier, one of the indispensable retainers 
of the nome stead, came in and received or- 
ders regarding the vegetables to be brought 
to the kitchen I'or dinner, and v/ith a kind 
v/ord to each one, Grandfather bade them 
good-day, and vaulted into his saddle, 
singing a lively i<rench vilanelle, never 
happier, never handsomer. 

when he returned that evening, the first 
to greet him was the foster-child, o .ening 
her lips to a torrent of accusations against 
the whole household, circumstantial as to 
details, v/ith all the careful prepared 
coherence of wilful falsehood, and all the 
vividness of a diseased mind, i-iother was 
indignant and rebuked her severely. Grand- 
mother did not readily unders'-and v/hat \ias 
being said in French, a language v/hich she 
•comprehended only when spoken slov/ly and 
deliberately, so she V7as silent. Aunt Es- 
ther believed that the girl had become 
suddenly insane, thought it was unsafe to 
contradict a maniac, and also war-, silent. 
This was the beginning of a long period of 
painful misunderstanding and constant dis- 
sension, and hov/ it might havcj terminated, 
had it not been for tae \'ise and kindly 

- 104 - 

intervention of uncle Diddle, no on^ can 

Uncle biddle i.'ado more thaii one coast- 
wise trip in liis own trading; barp;e I'rom 
I'iackicac to the soutFiern end of Lake Michi- 
gan, his Icindly C^iuaker common s<'nse tri- 
umphing^ over all the hidden difficulties 
of the case, in tlie end, Aunt Cither's 
diar'-nosis proved to be Dartially corr(,^ct - 
it vjas a delirii-im not free from m:lic;e, 
whic'i orip;inatod these '"'n.-irful f-nices, 
the utterance of vTJiich had upset the v/hole 
household, *jra.ndmother had be;.}ri wiser 
than L.he knew, v/hen she decided ar,ainst 
her husband's Louisiana pl.^ns, what v/ould 
either of them, or any one of them have 
done, if Aunt Agatha and ner good sensible 
husband, had not been near at hand. 

Matters at the Homestead were never tne 
same as before, i-iother assujied her long- 
forsaken role of nurse ana governess to 
her sickly foster-sister, v/hom she took to 
Detroit, to be placed under special surgi- 
cal treatne,:t, for a complication of in- 
ternal maladies, which fully accounted for 
the wildest beliefs of lier frenzied deliri- 

Grandfather felt this trial very keenly. 
Although the manner in which he received 
the information from the Indirms left no 
doubt in his mind as to the true origin 
of the girl, yet there was alv^ays a wer.ri- 
some feeling, that perhaps he ou^^ht not 
to believe them, since lai'^yers declared 
that from a legal standpoint, their evi- 
dence was worthless. ihen, too, urand- 
mother having once v:el coined the child to 
her bosom, refused to part v;ith tlie be- 
lief that the girl was her very ovm 
daughter, lo say that grandfather's heart 

- 103 - 

was torn by conflicting emolionG i an 
exprcr.nion too v;eak to suit the occasion. 
His constitution had bc-cn shattered by the 
harsh experiences of prison life, added to 
the hardships v;hich ent.^red into the lot 
of all pioneers, rich or poor; he v/as 
strong enourh to be happy, but thio last 
trial was too bitter and \\icnt on for too 
long a time, surrounded by the happiness 
of his peaceful fireside, the sole re- 
quirement of his heart, he mirht, in spite 
of his nearly three score years, liave 
lived on many years longer, into a hale, 
green old age, but the shadow, the breath 
of unhapniness , killed him, A slight cold 
unheeded, a light attack of ague not 
noticed, resulted in slov/ fever, from which 
he never rallied, which tei-minated not in 
convalescence, but in a gradual decline, 
a sort of consumption. 

In this condition grandfather linnored 
on for eighteen months, glad to see his 
children V7hen they c ai le to visit him, but 
craving no society save thc'i.t of his oeloved 
wife, and he v/as alone v;ith her nearly all 
the time. ihe family at the nomestead \ia.s 
somev:hat lessened in numoers ; tv:o v/ere- in 
Detroit; and Aunt Esther, now the v;ife of 
the rrandson of captain John \/histler, re- 
sided in uhicago; Aunt Hortense was a cnild 
scarcely twelve years of age, contented with 
her Indian playmates, and v/illing not to in- 
trude into her father's room. Aunt Theresa, 
though deeply attached to her stepfatlier, 
made no special claim on his afi'ection, 
gladly assuming all the housenold burdens, 
left her mother free to be alone v/ith her 

i^io one perceived more f^uicJcly than 
Grandfather that there was no Jiope of re- 
covery, tliough witli great che^n^f ulness, 

- 106 - 

he always made believe that he was nope- 
ful. He quietly prepared himsulf for 
death by prayer and repentance; three 
books always lay in the folds of his 
coverlet, or else under his pillow, the 
imitation of Christ, Spiritu,:l oombat, 
and one of these large old-fc.sliioned 
prayerbooks , containing formal prayers 
for ever-y possible occasion, stepping 
stones oo these regions in which the only 
prayer is the voiceless cry of the heart, 
prayer in its hir:hest, purest form, tjven 
to this day, the old book opens its<'lf in 
a telltale raanne,- at certain thumb-worn 
pages, containing a long appeal for Lie. cy ' 
at the hour of death. 

Knowing v/ell that no h nis -holder is 
truly prepared to leave this world, v;ith- 
out having put his house in proper order, 
urandfather set himself to the tasks of 
winding up his business and arranging the 
household upon a mare modest footing, suit- j . 
able to the restricted neans of a family, 
left vjithout its head, i- or this he needed 
a confidential secretary, such as he could 
readily find in each of his two older 
daughters. Aunt bsther, however, wao too 
occupied v/ith family car-s of her ov/n to 
be available, so a Ji'rench-uanadian farmer, 
who had at one time held a rer^ponsiule 
position in grandfather ' s employ, went to 
Detroit to fetch Mother home oo her fath- 
er's aid. mother remained at tne home- 
stead nearly six weeks, grandfather making 
use of daily intervals of freedom from 
pain to attend to details of business 
correspondence and to the careful inspec- 
tic-vi of his accounts, [1 

y on the list v/a.s the fur trade, 
with v/hich he severed his connection, 
winding up his accounts and exchanging 

- 107 - 

receipts. IMext in ordor v;as the to\\'n, 
which has already been mentioned. l{e \;roto 
to his Eastern collca,p;ues , notifyim^ them 
that as his end was a^^^roachinf^, they could 
no lonrer rely on him for aid in the furth- 
er prosecution of their plr.ns, he had al- 
ready dismi;-^sed the retinue of servants nec- 
essar . for the fur trading business. They 
had been paid in full, and v/i th tearful 
farewells, had bidden g 'Od-bye to a kind 
friend and beloved master. 

rie nov-j sent for the fu\; 1^'rench settlers 
who h,-..d already purchased snail holdings 
from hiia, find he advis^'d them very earnest-, 
ly not to remain in Sorter County after 
his death. He pointed out to them that 
they V70uld not be likely to be able to 
live in peace v/ith the strictly "Dov/n 
East^^ population now crov/ding into Indi- 
ana, and that, therefore, as soon as they 
could sell their little farms it would be 
better for them to go elsev/here and .join 
some i^'rench settlement. 

There v/as a large company of l^'rench 
families in Lovrer Canada, v:ho v/ere prepar- 
ing to emigrate here under the guidance 
of an intelligent man, who had been en- 
gagf^d as a sort of foreman in the matter 
of building up and populating the town. 
They expected to reach Indiana early in 
the following ye-.r. Fortunately, they 
Had not as yet made any positive prepara- 
tions for leaving Canada, so Grandfather's 
v/arning to remain v/her:^ they wore, could 
reach them in time, he began a letter to 
this foreman, but found himself too v/eak 
to v/rite all he v/ished to say, so Kother 
continued and finished the letter from 
his dictation. 

He told them v/hat he had already told 

- 108 - 

the Canadians here: that aft.rr ho v/ould 
be no lon.rx'r livin.r; to pi'otcct tlieii- in- 
terortvS, the^r v/ould not b^- ai)le to cope 
with oth(3r sottlor;;, of a difrnront race, 
dif I'crent roli";ion and diff>;i^<mt code of 
morclvS, r nci v/idoly differ in'*, i :ea.^'^ ')f 
honor, ne f uiM:.hermore forotol: the greet 
financial disast'ers v;hich were- about to 
overwhelm the states, as the imriediate re- 
sult of tl'ie legislation of '^!e peeiod. 
These disastcs, as y^:t ueforesoen by 
others, he declared to be inevitable, and 
point inr out to thei;i tlie advantages which 
they had begun to enjoy under the i.iild 
and just rule of the i^nrelish government, 
he advised them to give ui) c\ll idee, of eird- 
grating to the States, v-jriich were soon to 
encounter a condition in which the rich 
v/ould be impoverished, and become unable to 
give employment to th. working claSvV-es. 
Exhorting them to be grateful for tiie 
blessing of a sensible government, based 
upon sound rules of statesmanship, he 
begged them to be and to remain faithful 
subjects of the L.rov7n, 

The same ideas regarding approaching 
financiel disaster viore expressed to his 
family, in the written advice which he 
left for them, regarding the manner in 
which they ought to manar'.e their inheri- 
tance, he forbade them to entangle them- 
selves in any attempts to continue the 
plans v/hich he had definitely abandoned, 
and in case o'" marriage, not to atteiipt 
to intere;^t their husbands in the affair. 
He did request that the house be completed, 
that the surrounding grounds should be 
prettily laid out, and recommending his 
daughters to their motlier's care, begged 
them to liV'^ quietly and economically 
v/ith her at the Hom.estead, guided always 
and in all things by ht,-r advice. 

-109 - 

All ter.ii>oral ari'aif^^ oeini-: duly vSett- 
led, Mother fult tliat slje mi[';ht , v/i^h pro- 
priety speak to her fathc3r of natters''; to tlie heiwaftor. Accordinrly 
she as]:ed liim if ho did not v:ir.h to see a 
priest and intin-pted that- tlie pastor of 
Detroit, v;ould, no doubt, undertake the 
journey to the honestcad, i' desired to 
do so. 

Grandfather ansv;er d very r:ently, 
very riiildly, that such an interview; would 
lead to nothin,'^ but a renev;al of for Lie r 
discussions, v/hich could not end otiier- 
V7ise than in an absolute disa;:;reei;ie:it, 
not calculated to fui^ther the peace of 
his dyin;-' laoiaents, 

"But," as]:ed Mother, "ought you not, 
perhans, to obey? Ought vie not to d^ey 
the Church alv:aysV" 

Grandfather ans\7ered in th' aane mild 
spirit, not as a sinner seekin;-; to dei't^nd 
himself againf-t just blame, but as a fath- 
er anxious for a child ^s spiritual v/el- 
f-'re, a.nd desirous of comi^leting her 
religious knov/ledge: 

"My child, remember that the uhurch 
which \je i.iust alv/ays obey is not the 
thoughts and ideas of thj'.s priest, or that 
priest. It is the doctrine handed dovm 
to us from the Apostles, v/hich v;e must ac- 
cept and obey. Those vrho subscribe to 
that false doctrine have not sinned, for 
they knoVvT no better, out v/e who (iid knov; 
better, v;ere obliged to do as we liave done, 

Then came the question which would ut- 
ter itself almost in spite of the speaker. 

- 110 - 

"Father, is it not a mistake to knov/ so 
much about doctrine? Are mq not b-ttor 
off knoivin^i; only to submit to what we are 

"My daughter,'' said Grandlather , "you 
do not know whcit you ar^j saying, ue are 
her in this world to know God, in oraer 
that vie may love and sei-vc nim he:'T', so 
tliat MQ may be hanpy forev(.a" \;itli niiii in 
Heaven, How shall we love and serve nira 
unless we knov/ him? As ^auch as ever v;e 
are able to learn, should I have gone up 
before him knov;ing less of nim than of 
aught '^Ise, business, commerce or science?' 
How shaiQeful that would be?" 

"V/o ov;e it also to our inf-n- ors to knov7 
all that V7e ought to 'cnov; of our religion, 
for of v;hat does the Chui-^ch consist? The 
clergy and laity united und'^r one head; in 
the profession of one faith I How can we 
profess that v/hich we knov; not I If all the 
laity were ignorant of all save the mere 
rudiments of faith, v^here v/ould the union 
be, and who, then, would there be to pro- 
tect the welfare of the congregations a- 
gainst heresies? 

"Detroit v;ill now have its ov/n bishop, 
and he \i±ll in due time destroy this 
heresy, v/^iich being resisted as l and 
others resisted it, has not taken any very 
deep root, i^y daughter, obey the bishop 
in all the changes which he v/ill see fit to 
make, for no doubt, he has been specially 
charged by our good i'ather, the Pope, to 
weed out all heretical ideas and practices, 
ihese changes will very likely be gradual, 
in such matters, prudence forbids haste, 
but my daughter, accept the true doctrine 
of the uhurch in a spirit of sincere 

- Ill - 

"You arr troubled about ino ; roMeiiiber, 
my child, that Jesus Christ is a hi/;h 
prior.t j'or"Vcr, and that v/h-^n net^dful, we 
c:in confess directly to liim, rece^vinp'; 
his direct forgiveness, A;ho is a ])ri.\st 
forevr^r, accordin^T to th.; order of moI- 
chisedelc. To him I daily confess the sins 
of my v.hole lifeti. e, beg-:ing for^jiveness 
for each one, rjid 1 hope to die in peace, 
anri in the blessed company of Jesus, Fiaiy 
and Josopli," 

All Mother* s tasks we e nov: comnloted, 
the morninp; of hei-- return to Detroit ar- 
rived, the horses v'ith th'i ,p-room vfho was to 
attend her on lu^r journey wei^o at t}i<"^ door,, 
bhe entered her father *s room for tiie last 
tine, the fai^ev/ell v/as very touchinr^. lie 
held her in his arms for a moment, .'ui*:' then 
bnde her kneel for his final blessinp;. Lay- 
ing his hands on her bared head, he said 

"God bless you, my dear good daughter, 
i-iay He bless you for -..11 your goodness and 
kindness to me, to your mother, ana to your 
sisters, and may hq return it all to you in 
youi' owTi children." 

After that Grandfather lingered on for 
some months longer. Uncle V/histltr brought 
Aunt Esther to see her fatiier for the laso 
time; when they returned to their home. 
Grandfather sent Aunt Hortense \/ith them, 
deeming it not rirht to keep a child ::0 long 
in the gloom o " a sorrowing household, and 
not v/ishing her to receive the impression 
of 'an apparently unblessed deathbed. 

In order never to be separated from his 
v/if'e, to whose presence he clung more and 
more, he asked to have hi bed remov-^d 
from the residence into the kitclien build- 

- 112 - 

ing at the rear o.^' fiie hoiu'^'^e, ,i ratlier 
spacTouc lo^'; cottago, tv/o Gterl-as in 
heifrht, tlie uppc^r story us'd as a store- 
room for provisions, boinr rcachtKl by an 
outside staircase. The r )om in the low^.-r 
story, v/ith a wide fireplace, and a huge 
cooking ranr;c, v/as very easily ventilated, ^ 
as well as kept at a :iniform temper^.ture ' 
in the winter weather, and v/ar^ altogether 
a very pleasant place for the invalid. 

Here Grandfather could at ail times 
enj')y the cheerful comprnionsnip of a wife, 
who was the tenderest anti wisest ;f nurses, 
and never (iid a wife go down ^-iiii her hus- 
band throu:;h the long, narrow lane leading 
to the portals of the d rk shadow of death 
more f;-- ithf ully, more lovini^ly. 

One thing more remained for UrcUidfather 
to do, and that v/as to make arranrenents 
for his burial. There was a zealous Method- 
ist in the neighborhood, by the nai:e of 
Beck, who during the intervals betij'jen ) 
the visits of the circuit riding minister, 
kept the iiethodist flock in order, ne 
taught the Sunday School, led the meetings, 
and prayers, admonished evil doers and 
prayed v/ith the sick and the dying. When 
the minister was too far away to be called 
upon to conduct a funeral, ueck also buried 
the dead. Grandfather sent for, and 
they had a long private conversation, v;hich 
tieck never repeated. 

'U'/hat Mr. Bailly told lae , " said Beck 
to curi JUS neighbors, "I'-s a clear case of 
confidence, v/hich is nobody's ousiness. 
I'lrs. Bailly knev/ it all and understood 
everytning, thnt is enough for anybody, ^ 
my business is to keep mum." ^ 

- 113 - 

After Bee): loft, Grrndfritlior tol 
Grandnothor to le^.ve all concerniiu; 
fui-..>ral in ]iic handr>. 



"As som as the breath has left i.iv 
body, :;ou v/ill send for iiiM, and ho will 
do all ami be able to testify that l died 
a natural death, no will see to ivy burial, 
and you will le' V(^ evrr^rt^hinr in Jiis 

. Grandfathf^r rave, orders, that neither ^ 
his V7i-^e, nor his stepdaur; liter, nor any of 

tl^.e Catholic nc^^bers o-^ his household 

should be Dr^sent at his burial, sayinf; 

thr"t he did non \;ish to have ]iis funeral 

an obstacle to anyone's i'C;ception of the 

Sacral 'ents. He said h(D die not tiiink 

there ou;rht to be- any obj ruction lai'.de to 

their attendance, as bed: 1:0 uld act only 

as a neirlibor, yet ±z v/ould be best to be 

on the safo side, After\;ards the faiaily 

and the household mi dit visiu the ce^uebery 

to recite pra3^ers in use for tlie laity for 

tiie hanpy repose of the departc-d; V'.ry 

likely tii - burial ir^mld take pi/ ce in the 

morninf^, i_n6 they iiiflit visit his grave in 

the afternoon. 

Early in tiie Dece^foer of lb'3>, Griiiid- 
fath',-r passed av/ay; as he had directed. 
Grandmother sent for i^eck viio r^erforraed 
all tliti u.sua.1 services and arrayed Grarid- 
fath>-r for the r.rave. On the morninfi; of 
th^ burial. Deck and his family drove up 
to the homestead, brin~inr': v/ith tliem a neat 
homemade coffin, in x/hich tlie servants laid 
the remains of their n.astnr; the coffin 
v/as then lifted into beck^s modest vehicle, 
Vv'hich he drove up to tlie cemetery, foll'n;od 
by his family, repros^jntiai'-- the riourn r. , 

- 11/^ - 

Thus Jo.snnh Aubej^t de (laspe Bailly de 
I'lessoin l(^ft thn hoiao v/ ich lie lia("; built 
to the-? honor cw] .p:lorv of G ^d, for the 
v;elfarc- of the travellor and for tlio sa.l- 
vation oV r.ouls. 

At tlic cei.ietery, nr.irhborG, fi-oia f;-.r 
and vido v/cro assoiibl'.a ai'^u)id tlio grave 
which thn sorvants han nroparu^d boci(ic th.; 
oaken cror^s. After tii'.' coffin liad br^on 
lov/ered into th: graven, uecJc delivc:-.,d an 
address in the usual Methodist style of 
that day, coriposed I'rincijXilly of •■0'.:xts 
of bcririture so arran- . d as to form a 
mutual coiaMcntary. h.: began v/itii "Blessed 
are the dead viho die in the Loi-d" and af- 
ter hr.ving alluded to ifiie iniiornality a- 
v;aiting mortal man, he concluded \/ith "Oh 
Death, v/here is thy sting, oh Grave, wliere 
is thy victory?" 

Friendly hands heaped the beautiful 
yellow sand into the grave and v/lien the 
mound had been put into ^^^roper shape, 
Deck "raised" the notes of Ha^idel^s "I 
knov/ that my Redeemer liveth," in v;hich 
all joined, i-xany after^./ards averred, tiiat 
it seemed as if angel voices v;er • added to 
their o\.'n as the anthem floated triu.uphani:- 
ly through the primev.::.l .•"orest and v/as 
borne heavemvard, until the v;ords, 'and in 
my flesh I shall see my God" sounded as if 
sung av/ay up in the slcies and ev-.-'ryone 
said on their horaev/ard road, that they had 
that day buried a good man, and a true 

- 115 - 


In tlie afternoon nf tlie day on i/liich 
Grandfcitl er v;as laid in th'- .-^rave, virand- 
mothor, .iUnt Therusa, the sjivants, noiae 
rrench noi[;hbors, ; nd a fev; Indians visited 
the new-made tomb; prayers v;crc said aloud 
in the Utta\7a languac;e, that all present 
might be able to unite in thir. cuiet faiiily 
worsjjip; the houseliold returned home /I'^reat- 
ly coiiforted. 

Every day for a vieek arandmct her went 
to pray for her husbana's soiil beside his 
grave, intendin.r^ to make this a li..'.'. long ' 
practice, but at the end of the v/eek she 
received a most consolinr asraarance ofiiis 
hapDincss. To the ey s of her m' nd , he 
became present, not ared, sufferinr;- >ind 
wasting av/ay, but in the fullness of manly 
beauty and vigor just as she first Sc.v/ him, 
her an,p:el of deliverance, speaking to her 
soul, he fold her not to mourn with^at 
hope, though the d,-ys of her mourning w'ould 
be many, her v.ddov/hood v;ould exceed in 
yef:rs the peciod o '' her married life, as 
her children would need her for a v-ry long 
time, ne foretold that after a i/hile she 
would leave her home, as others '..-ould be- 
lieve, forever, but that she would soon 
return to live in poverty and hardship 
where she had been ricn and comf o/'table , 
to be unknoi.m, to have her rightful posi- 
tion ignored, i;hen she had been influen- 
tial and highly res-ected, ae exnoi'ted 
her to bear v/ith all uhese things in pati- 
ence and cheerfulness; other changes soon 
to occur were likev.dse made knovm, ind so 
the visitcitions ceaS'.d, 

- 116 - 

ooon aftorwi^rds lior daughtei-s 
from ohica.f^o and i^ctroit to visit, 'ler, 
and he;' homo begn.ri to cissume an air of 
cheorf uln^ss. All v/ould have beon \:o.J., 
hnd it not been for tho inexperience 
and offici 'usn''v'-r. of tho i ortor Uounty 
l.nvr/ors of th?t po-i.d. ihe r^eculiar 
circnrastances of urandfatliei-^ s death 
an(i burial, led t) some nir.undei'stanHj.n/^s , 
it V7as falsely simpos-^d V\rt he had nied 
sudc'enly, and that his biisin-^ss c'lnri p.Ig 
affairs f;cnerally raust be in p;r:;at confu- 
sion, and tiiat therefore a i;an riust be 
needed to A^iiid them up. m vain the 
family protost^ed against this tiieory, uhe 
jud,p;e \ms obstinate, and in defiance of 
all Inv/s GOV ;ring the actions of the pro- 
bate court, i'orced grandmother and her 
daughters, v/liom he tr^-ated as unl*e^■.sonaDle 
V7omen, to be coerced into subjection, to 
accept as administrator th^^ one v/hom they 
had most re -.son to dread, a man against 
whom grandfather had specially v/arned. tnem. 
It was a disastrous performance, uf 
course urandfataer ' s prudOixCe in v/inciing 
up all his business and sectling nis af- 
fairs absolutely prevented this oerson 
from doinr ^11 tlie narm he v;ished to do, 
but he did embezzle a consider;.ble amount, 
his conduct beinr so boldly dishonest tliat 
he vr^s brou-^ht before the gr-nd jury in a 
vcr3^ short time, charged with fraudulcnit 
conduct [ a true bill was found a^-ainst 
him, fewt^ he did n^t v/ait to stand trial, 
but fled into the I'ar v/est, in those days 
the safe refuge for all such ch!iract(^rs, 

.^ever again in Indiana v;as such a 
piece of cruel injustice perpetrr^ted a- 
gainst a bere:..ved fai.-rly, ;:Jie lesson therc-.- 
of was taken deeply to n-jart by tjie j-ndiana 
lavjraakers , the lav/s ae daring the 'right of 

- 117 - 

a v^idow to aciiiiinistr. i t-o h^a' hi;sb:uKi's es- 
tate wer yet i:ioit' c1<^'.i-1;^ r-orinnd, ■ nd 
any attciiTt to \/oa)'Gn thou \j;\s for r: n>' 
and rvmy a yon.r mot- by rc.j'creace to -ho 
maladmi nistr.'tion of th^; cctcite of Joseph 

The inost f r^hin:- of ohis ik n's 
dishonor.cblo .-'cts, r la. od to who Lo\;n anri 
harboi- in vh:' ch the; 'ariiily f:)rtuiic;s had 
been bound up. Grand rritnor hac' \;i.t/idra\/n 
from tho scher.e, but ho loft to liis finally 
the '.^xtonsiv*,; tr^ict of land alon.r;side the 
river, .- n^^! if his cr;:-u'i'n collea.-iues de- 
sii^ed to coni'.inue Lhoir' efforts -o C'Stajj- 
lish a la'-.e harbor* on oao si:>ot , f^ voi\ably 
report- ed xd thorn oy ^rancbCr'tli' i', : iier-e 
V7as nothiur-: to ]r '.v..ait tliein. 

In Doint of fact thc^y did so, securing: 
frojii uont^r-":Ss a pronise of a special ap- 
propriation, pro'-idod tlie Conrressional 
c oriin i 1 1 e a , sent o\ it to i a s p e c t tho lake 
coast, v7ould ap-'-roV'-; ..lie aite. 

Those fc-'Vorinr op^-^osinc: int ■']-^';;r,ts 53oon 
fori'ieci their plans, the administrator afo:\ 
said v^as easily bribed to .^ivo them aid 
in the pi-osecution of their undeahanded 
scheiaes, IMearly ten miles east of the 
mouth of the Old Calm:iet, a v/ild-c.- tovm, 
or rather villar:'.; v/as hastily constructed 
on a vei'y disadvanta;-:;eous site, a narrov; 
strip of lake shut in by barren sand dunes 
of great hei,'?;ht. There v;as a narrov; gap 
in the ranr~e of sand hills, through which 
the v/ide but shallov; brook "\-70und around 
onto the beach, filtering, its meagei" sup- 
ply of v/ater, throu>'h a Icirge sand bar 
into th.e lalce. Transient inhabitcints for 
the transient villa* ;e v/erc; easily found 
among eastern fariaers eager to emigrate 

- 118 - 

west, and bho tovm v/as r^vidy for thc^^ in- 
spection o.r the comriii ttee , vjlio v/^, .i con- 
duct,ed to it by the chily air ho2'ized ad- 
ministrator of the er.tate of Joseph Uai].. y, 
keenly onjoyin ~^ the ridicule v'ith -v/hich 
the met'iory of tho (\f'p('\ vms assailed, v;hen 
the comir'ti ee perceiv -d the uttr'V absurd- 
ity of planninr ^\ tov/n, v:her.' tlierr \7as 
neither ouildin,??; site, noj^ h,'\rl)ora "e , 

Thus v:.-i5' r.he nane of Joseph B,-.illy 
erased froM the roll of coniMorcial honor, 
to be cast) into thau oblivion, v;iiich av.-v.its 
the visionary schemei*, and in-' los"i: r.ri 
advanta-v^ous lalce port, i/iiich altliou ;h tnis: 
failure is novj ruco,":nized, cannoc be put 
to public ust: vjithout cons id era ole o /posi- 
tion from pres^^nt ov7ne?/s of tii'.' laav^e 
tract of land held in res rve, so that the 
waters of , the ualunet river iiiifdit be at 
the disoosal of a public utility. 

After Porter county prob te court recog- 
nized its error, by discharging the dis- 
honorable adminis orator, lift^ at the norae- 
.ste^'d began to regulate its -If in accord- 
ance with Grandfather* s v/ishes. Uncle 
Whistler and Aunt Ksther decided to leave 
ohic->f^o, p.nd take an intc^rest in a kindly 
manafrenent of th-^ estate, for tlie safety 
and comfort of all. The Homestead resi- 
dence was given up to them and to their 
ra^^idly increasinp: family, urand; lother 
choosinK as he ^ dover-house , the building 
formerly used as quart '-rs for the men 
needed in the service cf the fur trade. 
She hua^ the unnlastered v/alls v;ith chintz 
curtains, took from the house all the 
furniture she needed, and v/ith ivunt The- 
resa as a companion, set up hei' modest 
menage. The one-stor}'", three-roomed log 

- 119 - 

cotl.ap;e was vory cominDdi'-'Us ; ono larp;o 
room, the r.-ittinf, room, \;ith a lar/;e, 
deep fireplace made noi-h r ;aid daughtei^ 
a cheerful bedroom sittin^i; room, the 
merits dinin.r; room became theii' Icitciicn, 
and a lonr; nar-i'ow i-oom at the b: r.l: \Ji[Q 
divided into t\;o, j'or a pantry ano a 
sort o.-' an oratory. 'I'hc othca- d^arjitei^s 
v/er'- iiunt Esther 'f.i rue^^t.'^- in the old ri.oi- 
dencc, the construct>i j]i of i.iiich ;)U;-:ht to 
be deacribed very particularly, house 
builders employee; at different t '.mes in 
its renair have all arc^^^'^d that all its 
lines and m.ethods of constr ;ct;' on ^-oint 
conclusively to the "m ct that it must 
have be(?n desi'^:nnd by a shipbuilder, v;ho 
even on Ipnd could not divest his c-lcu- 
latic;ns of ideas^ to the ef 'ects 
of v.dnds anc! storms oi."' eV'-.ry ]:ind. 

This tv/o-story and a half hjuse built 
by lay Grandfather, hris been veiy erroneous- 
ly described as a log house, but tnere is 
a gre^ t dif '.'c-rence taet\vc:.n a log li -use - ncl 
a timber hous , A lor house v/as a struc- 
ture iii fii' y put together more or less hastily, 
made of logs, unhev,-n and gener^.lly unpeded, 
the crevices betv/een the logs bein;: sjiae- 
tiTiies stuf.'ed v;ith a primitive mortar made 
of clay and moss, or clay ana strav;. 

A timber house v/as the forerunner of 
the frame building, and out\7ardly presented 
much the same api^earance. It v/as built of 
he\m timbers, either cedar or v/hite oak; 
these timbe^ s v/e;''e of uniform len^'th and 
thickness, closely fitted together at the 
corners ■ nd fastener together at regular 
intervals, vith stout vTooden pegs. On the 
outside they v/ere covered v/ith v/hat were 
called v/eather boards, the original form 

- 120 - 

of laPi^f^d sic^in^p;, Ther.e tinb(-:i' hour-S'^s 
could be nlaston^d, anr; r-oni-]Mlly woix^, 
thou^^h soMet. lines r,he wrills of hev'n tim- 
ber, v. i-e only c -ncenled by fi/^ured 
draperies more or lesn expensive. 

Our liour.e is built of -iiite oak tim- 
ber, cut from the original forer.t. It v/as 
not finished during: Grandfather * s li 'e- 
tirie, not in.,.erio:?ly neither we.s it point- 
ed, but the handn: do v;eath.3r boards v/er^- 
out on at the same tine \.'Ath the r.Kjf, and 
this first set o^' v;eather boards sei'ved 
for many a yenr ere they ht;^ to oe re- 
placed b}^ the na.rrov/ sidin*". o± tne present , 

Uncle V/histler did not finish the '^ouse 
whici he deeinec in .p'ood enouf-:h condition 
for a country box. Granc'f athe]' h-;d T^lanted 
an extensive peach and ap^>le orch.-rd from 
iiLported seed. Uncle Whistler added cher- 
ries, plums anH mulberries, besides plant- 
in.fT shrubbery and shade trees. 

\/e still cherish the old lilacs rmd 
eglantines, and likevjisu the crp^ceful 
locust trees, descendants of those planted 
by his hand, nis plura and cherry trees 
no longer ber.r edible ih-^uit , nei.her do tiie 
old gna.rled apple trees in (grandfather* s 
orchard, but each spring ei^e a pini: bloom 
clothes t:ie )ld apple trees v/ith a sem- 
blance of youth, plum and cherry trees 
shov forth an abundance of snov;-v/hite blos- 
soms, the record left by Uncle V/histler 
at the iiome stead. 

Uncle Uhistler seemed a very sharp 
contrast to grandfather, in point of 
business ability; he v;as a kind protector 

- 1?.\ - 

to hj.n sistpr\^.-in-lr'\7, a clvil'.i^n.l .soii-in- 
\r\ V7 ; he n '^ \'' • ' r d n f r c' ii r1 ( ; d t }i o g p, t. r 1 1: c. , o r 
did an^H.'.fi? n'^- i',o diininir.h its vrsluo, 
neither did Ik? do ^inythin^' to\;ardr. en- 
hnncin^ i'. .s vr'lue. lie aav; thai. rr.i']tinjr; 
VvTould not p.:i}'' in the face of imiV'-rsMl 
financial disast'^r, which really occurree, 
just as (jr.- ;. no father predicted it v;ould. 
He did not undHrt/ke any biisiner.;; entei'- 
pi-ise, nor attempt ex'.ensive fa ••iiin^rr ; ,e 
cultivated land sufi'ici'jnt t^) provide the 
family v/ith food stuffs, he kept u]) the 
house and pi'otected the 

As Ion-: as the IcUich^d estv/i-.n r-jiiainud 
undivided and unsold, tJie from 
Michigan c;'];e ai^ound freely, havinr, pe - 
mission from the fr::, '.ly, as they jiaci had 
from Cirand ("cither, to considt;r tlie forest 
land still as their oT-.m. ihe llorp;ans and 
oth'-r earlier settlers, beinr'- very much 
attached to 1:hem individually, v^ere alv:ays 
glad to see theii. The ne^acomer^v , somev;hat 
irnorent and narrovj minded, of a class 
pronn to jumn at conclu-; ' ons, rot into 
their heads that Vio. bail!i.y estate v/as a 
Reservation and did not attem^^t to molest 
them. Thus Grandmother had still some op- of exei"cisin,n; he • misaionary vo- 
cation, and on Sundays, there v/as often a 
little congre^'-ation o " utt-.v-rs, r : citing 
their b-^adsat th..- foot of the cross, 
under th.; shadovj of v/liich lay thc^ grave 
of their benefactor. 

- 122 - 


One of the rno: t beautiful sketches of 
this ev)och of lii'e at the homes '.e.\d v;.'is 
given to in;; some fif i>een yeti. rs a/'io by 
Kevrreud Fatliei^ Guef'on, v;ho ended liir, days 
a Chaplain at St. Mary's of the V/ood;.^, 
and it Wc'is to a ^roup n ' fornior* pupils of 
that ins'itut.ion that he f^nve tliis F.raDhic 
de s cr i v>t ion. j ie b '"^p;an by l,-! u.n-h inf; n t an 
outbiu'st of indi.p;nation on their oart, be- 
en use I v/.^ s not entering into their- supli-- 
lativp laud;- tions o ' t-he seene]\7 sui-round- 
in the sit'-^ of thnt v/ell-kno\.Ti institution. 

"You do no knov/," he said, "hov^ extrene- 
ly Dictiir ;i.riue her o\m hoi.i'.' is; foj' if you 
could see it, y ai v/oiilci not cisk her lo c d- 
mire the scenery her-^. I uhink he.- hoMe 
is as beautiful a Si'Ot as 1 have evei* seen 
in all ray lonr: life. The house stands on 
a hill, a sort of clay cliff, thnr.^ is a 
very prett}'" river, '.dneinf' gracefully 
around the j'^oot of the hi.^1, and enough 
of the nai^ural groves are left wO give 
the impi'ession of a dense forest, v/hi.Le 
all the buildin.;;s are in keeping yi±z]\ the 
scenery and standing jus\. in th^j })osition 
best suited to the landscape." 

\/hen I express f;d my surprise at his ac- 
curate pnd vivid description, he replied 
that he had b(?en at my house many ye; rs 
ago, had soont the ni^dit there and had 
said a missionary's I^Iass and dispensed the 
i^jacraments , but his story is best told in 
his own vjords. 

"I am not surprised,'' said Father Gue- 
gen, "that you never he-^rd tliat I \;as at "] 

your house, for v/hen I visited it, ne<;.rly 
all the f- mily v/ei^-i abs nt, exce-t. one of 

- 123 - 

your aunts v/ho wrt. iiai'i'ic'fl t') the soii of 
iin array of "i cor, the n:ine v/as th^, cul-.-r 
and v(}rf !/■ 11 knov-n to, jut it nr s ;-ll.>v^C(I 11-;^, 
my rneiioj'Y. Yo.f, , it v^-^ s uhistler. 1 r'-^neri- 
ber it nr' t.hpt yni t-.'ll rie. ..our mot-; -r 
v.^ s in ohica^'o, -n:l ^^)U^^ y )un;^'sr. p-int • t 
bo- rclinr: sr:hool. Your .'.'•iv-^idncvl/her v/iiJi 
h .-' : • dr. u r; h t e r , 1 h c r 1^ s a , ii a ( ■ r.o no. t o i-a . i ; k - 
inac to another ch u.r-htc.':r v/lio a; s 
niarrief' to a l-hilad(^.l^^hi:-\ iiorrhant li/ing 
on that isl^Mid, vSO they vior : all absent 
except iaa--. \ /hist lor, hoi- husband und their 
cliildron, I v/rs vary s^ia^-y 1 did not see 
your f;randnother. 1 v/anted to conv.^rse 
v/ich her, she understjod i''rench \.;hien spo'cen 
properly, but alv/ays anav/oi'^^d through an 
interpreter, 1 iiad .L-n bold that tiie a'i:..- 
dom o" her r^ 'plies, tlic^ .•rofound triou -ht 
and sound sens j of hei- ideas were vc^ry re- 
markable and very intere -ting to prif;Si:t: 
and men .of le< rning, so 1 \7as gr-rctly dis- 
ap'^ointed not to meet hoe," 

All this hapoeno:" when 1 first came to 
America. I v/as goin,:, on directly tj ^hi- 
Cpgo, v/here as you knoi:, 1 v/as st/ tioned 
first as assistant priest. xh(; bishoo of 
Detroit advn r-u lae not t.o go by bo-'t to 
ohica^^o v/'u cli I could h/'.vo done, but to 
travel directly across the country )n 
horseback. He hired horses an^' a r.:uide ana 
gave me a list of houses where x could 
spend the ni.^hts, v/rier'e 1 vould be obliged 
to spend a ni?dit v/ith i rote::tants, aa.d 'oay 
for my lodging, where 1 would be received 
v;ith free hospitality by v^-.tholics . xid all 
the places vihero 1 might be called ajjon to 
say I'lass , 

he informed me that witliin a d^y's jour- 
ney of ohicago, I would be receivf^d in a 
house v/hich a rrench gentleman had built 
for the sake xf trevelin^" clergy, in order 

- 12/, - 

to f:,±VQ tiiem shelter and a ch;ince oT s:r/- 
in^ , ue said th-: /';Gntlo!fian had 
been dead for soiietime, but that hiy. v/id- 
ow and he.r daup;hte rs kej^>t up uiie pious 
tradition of tho lioiao, ■ iicl th'i t 1 -i/ould 
be made v^:ry v/el come the e , findinr, ])or- 
har-s a little ]'iissiona:.'y v;ork to do in 
the neirhborhood. 

I had been travelin-' for several ( .';ys 
and v/as gettinp, ver / tir(xi, and v/hcn unex- 
pectedly 1 sav; a house ur)on a hill r.s vie 
were cros:-inp: a brid--e over a vta-y pj-etty 
stream, 1 v/as plad to }iGr:r ny ruide s'ly 
th:?t there v/e :; the of that vr<:.nch 
family. 1 turned off oi' the road and 
walked my horse up hill, and stopT)ed in 
front of the house, Imiaediat'-ly arouiid 
the hnuse vjes r handsome fence of bo;rrds, 
not a tirlit fence you )cnn:, but a nice 
one, i.dth a V',;ry nice picket f^^ate » This 
yard v/as full of f lo"..'- rinF; shrubs and 
shade trees, and seemed more like a big 
jardiniere than a front 3^ard. 

Some one v/ent in ohe house and told vie 
were v/aiting. Soon a neat, pretty little 
French v/oman came out of bue front door, 
and cpme dovm the garden path; she opened 
the picket gate and closed it behind her 
as ^he stepped out, 

"I am told," she said, "that a priest 
wishes to stop here for the night, have 
you letters?" 

For reply 1 shov/ed her my authoriza- 
tion, also my letter of introduction from 
the uishop of Detroit; she read my authori- 
zation half aloud. 1 noticed that she 
pronounced Latin correctly, and seemed to 
understanr' what she was reading; then she 

- 12 

h:'d "inir-iiod it, :3lin r,n. ifl, 

"It is: .'D.l cOi'r- cl''. I .•'nov: the uishon'cj 
hanf'i/i-itiii'", ^.ud 1 alf3'> r co ■;! 'z.''; tJio f >rii 
and the. ii;: j"id\:rit j nr oi" tiici .•« itii ^riz; :.i ui, 
v/o ai" ■ vS'ciii^^' tl'ioM ouitG oftnn noi:,'' 

Then sno flun'- th ^ p; ti; v/ido open, nd 
i.:akin,"- ;■ Y<.i-y r'^v^-rt-at co-...rtesy, rhc- be;,." \id 
me to dir;]iount and c^ntoi- tho u) isc;. l did 
fe-.-l ('\i(^or, 1 had jur.t C0:ie from Fi-.'.uce 
V7herc: the fo(;liji<: anon.-: oiio clei'fy a;'.inst 
V70i;]on van a''^ Its, ::n(l zo ]\i:.v ■ a ^."ora- 
a n e xr^ r i i n e i . , / a ut 1 1 o r i :■: •: i: i j n I I ! I c i i (. ; not 
b-Y'? iiucji .:i:;e to thin:: ^^oout t'n: t, i.hou; li; 
for 1 sav; a tall ,r;f:ntleman ^rith a decideclly 
milit^'i-y b', .o^iji/'; coiu. out of the i.ouse, 1 
knev' p/c onc^e th.:it he vr. r tlie u- a r. '.:.■. ne 
came forvj^ird to ta-ce ny little lar;^"a<':e and 
spok-:- '".o Me in Fr.aicli vary fluently, but in 
a peculiar dialect v/hich 1 had never riearr", 
but v/hich I readily understood; lie took :;e 
in th^ house, raade iie sit dov.^n in a. Y^^ry 
conii'ort'ible rockin^ chair, end v/ished to 
knov' if b.e could do anythiny further for nv 
cor-'tfort, then 'iie left ne to re;;t iivs^-^lf, 1 
looked out oT one i/indov; and then ouo of ;>}i- 
other, found the scenery very pie; .rin-''-, t)ut 
the eff'.-^ct of the p;roves around the prc;](iis-.;s 
v:as to nake rae feel that 1 Must be hundi^eds 
of niles av/ay from ev-^ry other human habi- 

Soon I saw servant a on hoiaeeback come 
around to the front, i^xr. l/nistler vjent out 
and fpve them soriie orders, th(;y p'alloi")ed 
off in different direction;:;, tlien he mouni>:3d 
his o" ai horse anc^. rode rf f in an 
different direct' on from ta^; oteers. 1 
v/atched him, thinkiny ivliat a finc^ fiyUx'e he 
would make in a kinr's b(Kiy guard, but did 
not connect his errand v/ith Liyself, .ifter 

- 126 - 

nv']nM(^ thi'v nH riri.iu'ii d, and 1 \.vif. ca.J Lod 
in to a sVii^pnr tabJo, la don \r''Xh \;hat in 
fraiice v.Muld Jiav; br^Mi con.'?id> ru'd t-ir: riiiv-^Jt 
delicacio5', but l v/aG told tii':t s^ch vra?-. 
the ordiir vy fare o.v' ihe baclcv/oods, a;.n 1 
thourht tiiat then t/iie hai^dshinr, •)!' life in 
the ;.'ildernrr,G h'^.n .their coMpenr.; t ' ons . 

After '^ner Virr\, '..'histlc^r a.sVed ne if 
I v;as too tir-od t,o r-.'^er''-- to son'': p'r^'conc. 
'.^ho v/onld b ■; r'lad to coi le to noly Gon'ciunion 
tho next dny, lier liurl-);uid anc' r.oMo ,if th . gc :■ 
V'-nta h"uj boon av'^und to ■■ll tlio OatJiolics 
in tlio neirhV)orhood , rnc'^. it r^ould savc^ tiiie 
i" I could attend to r^orae of thi-ra th- t ev«rn- 
in^"^, brt D':--i-hars 1 vr r too tir-f'. sh.- C':"aild ■ 
tpl 1 i ^I'-'H GO, Tired I IJo indet d I 1 \i s 3/0 anr, 
zealous, full of ardor. I /lad cJiosen to be 
a missiono, ry to do conethinp;, 1 hai^dl^r 
knev; i.'hat, anfi hei'o v;as soiiethino, . 

V/hen Ixr. V/histler shovrcd ]iio ur to i-y 
roora, he ashed at \;hat hour 1 \/ished to oe 
roused, am', told ne to sleep ruiietly i/ith- 
out anxiety, as a servant v/ould ivcuce ne up 
in tine, 1 hr^d such :i "pod resL, everything 
was so nuiet and peaceful, 1 v/as c:V7ake v;hen 
the niari-->ervant cane vith hot water and 
other thinp;s. Do the birds still sing at 
sunrise thej^eV At tha.t tine, ther'..: wero so 
many, and tlieir noiaiin, sonf;; was oeautiful. 

\ /h e n I c c m e d o vm - s t a i i' s , iii ■ s , \ /h i s 1 1 e r 
asked ne what i would use as an alt.'.r, her 
dininT, table )r the piano. 1 chose the for- 
mer. She b rou-^dit out a bea.utifully ..'inG 
damask tablecloth, and spread it ove^r the 
table, one of those old droD-leaf tables. 
The leaves v/erf^ dovm, r nd she pinn'^d the 
tablecloth at v.he ends in ne t v"olds , so 
th^'t it vjould not tr- il on tho floor, t?ien 
she laid a lonp; linen toi-/el on r-h^^ i;.o- , nd 
bovxinf^ to ne very re':oectf ully ano' f^ra. ce- 
fully, sh ~ l^^ft tht:. r.)om. 

- 127 - 

Thero wo^-e ;'ome poo. ile v/irhiii-T to spcilc 
to ^le , anr' a.ftor that Mr:-. v.'hi.stlGJ-^ criiio 
in, ond told me that tiio. ^i v/ere soiao Indi- 
ans who v/anted to ;:o to cojifeosion. i told 
her that v/ould bo ii.ipossible a:. 1 did not 
knov; ono v;ord of their lanf^uar>;e. w^he told 
me they woulc) confess throu^"]''. interpreta- 
tions, : nd thr' t sho v/ould act a^■. interpi'ctu'r» 
1 v;a5 startled and i suppose x shov/ed i'c, 
for she told me to liave no fear, that it 
vjas ouite customai'Yj that she v/as a regular- 
ly authorized interpreter, and v:ell used to 
the tas':, so 1 cons edited. ;:jhe cox'-tainly 
was usc^d to it, and v/as so very uuo intru- 
sive th. t 1 hardly realized t':nt I v.\i.a not 
speckin.r to uhom dir^^ctly c u-, r.fter it v;as. 
over, slie sceneci to ."or^^^et all aoOiit It as 
readily as any 

i^efore Ilass be,^an, she bep; 'ed rie to SDe- k 
a few v7ord,s to the people, viho seldom had 
a chance to he- r the V/ord of God, and who 
therefore v;ould be ,r;lad of a little dis- 
course, xh^-^re v/as ouite a little croi/d, the 
parlor war full, so full that i^r. ',/histler 
stood in thi^ hall, and he rd i-xass throu^'h 
the doorv/ay» ihe Indians knelt tor.ethor 
in one corner, raid the rrench V7er>; in family 
grouDs. when the time came ± turned to the 
congrer';ation and read the lesr.on of the 
previous ^vudr-.y-j and then j. got another sur- 
prise; as soon as a. began to reau, Mrs. 
tVhistler stood up and began speaking in a 
language which I knev; must be j.ndian, she 
spoke in low monotones and i noticed that 
the Indians, vjho kept their eyes fixed on 
me, were understanding v/hat 1 v/as saying. 
i be Fan to preach, and l^lrs . V/liistler con- 
tinued her lov: mono cones v/hich ^^^ere no dis- 
turabnce to me no more than the rustling of 
the leaves and the singing of the birds 
outside. 1 noticed the Indians v/ere very 
much pleased, and as i noticed their pler.s- 
ure ± prolonged my discourse, enlarring 

- LZ6 - 

on certain poiiii.r, : n<\ expaiidin/^ ideas, r ml 
still xxi-r-. , \/hisblor v;ant on, never n;nsinf;, 
always seeinin;: to find • v/ord for nine un- 
til th- clase, 

iifter MavSs, cane a quarter vr ,'-^)-i ii )ur 
of sile::ce. You fion't knov/' hovi stran^-e it 
is to find tha silence oC a church in a 
family ho)ne, vou ex:-' at it in chu a^ii, bat 
to have all the hous liold sound: hushed 
absolutO.y 't she biddina ) '"" devoti. )n 
se'^^aed narvelous. ..hen i.iy devotions a-e:'e 
finished, i arose, anri oe;'c.n to atr:lp the 
table, tlien eveiyone got uo an- left the 
room exco .'t Mi^a. V/histler and a p;irl who 
helpea he a movtj the t-ible into the midd.le 
of tiia- r OM. ^hen unpin.' linr: taio folds in 
the tablecloth, ahe liftr^d un the droi)- 
le;=ves i ncl leTt tlie room; in a minu:-.- a 
numbcn- of yoiang Indian girls ca. .e in, 
one vrith a v)lat ^ , Icni:'-^ and fork, cup and 
saucG]^, nd a napkin v;h ' eh th-^y set dovm 
in th(^ proper places, then they v/ent out 
and ret .rned, ane ^altn ^nu ^r-.y of coffee 
service and t/ie othei's i/iti platia^rs and 
dishes of fo;d, v;hich tiiey p1' ced prop^;rly, 
^ did v7onder to see ta.ese sava^-'ie maidens 
sett ng a table as correctly and ne-tly as 
any vrell-trained .^uropean serv-ats could do 

.jr::, ..histler car;e in and took lier Dlace 
at th'^: table, ..r, V/histler ^nit iie in the 
post of h >nor, and ± said: "bless us, oh 
j-.ord and ^clies.? thy gifts>"> rieht heartily, 
I or it did seem as if all thin-rs around' 
me, -^s v.rell a;s the dainty viands on the 
table, v/ere the diract g'ft of ae-.Yen, It 
did n "G seem in the least irreverent to be 
tal:ina a meal v/here I had just said i-iass, 
and as it were, uoon the altar, it only 
broua;ht me very close to the Last Supper, 
and to the days v/hen the faithful v;e]^e per- 
severing daily fromi hous'j to house in the 

- 129 - 

brec'ikin,": oi' broad, ;uid \i\ien i-iT , V/histler 
pressed his hospitality upon ; .e , I thou,r;ht 
of St, Peter in tli hous-:' oi' Uornelius 
Pudoiis, oh I thou'^^ht of so many things. 
ihon I sa.v; that I'ly horse v/a,s i-ead,-, ; nd i:iy 
guide was t iOi-o, so I made ru; dy tJ ;^et 
forth on my last dry's journey, 

I Ir • \/h i s 1 1 • : r ^ r3 h o x ■ s i ;; vie. s t h c i * too. i i e 
mount (:k1 it cind v/ent on v/ith us for a lonf; 
d: stance to shov; us the best an^l shortest 
rords, 11 had not been to confer si on th- t 
morning;, but on the road he or-ened uo his 
heart to r-.e, and bccpi^ie very confidential, 
and 1 felt as if I v.^as. he-r^'^ir; liis confes- 
sion and 'iS if he \:rir--- ; ..• kinp; a v^ry '^:ood • 
one, I "ound out, hov/ever, thv't althouf^h 
he called Jiimself a Crtholic, and believed 
he v/as one, he really v:as a Jansenist, He 
v/as a ve.-y ood, very sincere a: id un:\i;-: 

V/ell, I had a rx at deal to think about 
all day, j- had nae a ,.^ood i-iany sui-prises 
in a ve.ry short tife, 1 }"iac jusL come from 
X ranee, \'here the rer;;uiations against v/omen 
h-^ving anythinp; vjhatev :r to d > v/'th Divine 
Service, v/ere liiost strictly ( nf orced v:ith 
excessive rigor, and hei^e a. \/om,an liad in- 
spected my authorization, had helped lae 
hear confessions, iind made my sex^mon reach 
the minds of all my hearers. let, i./hat of 
it? I had done inissionaiy vfork such as 1 
had never dreaiued of, and t/ien and there 
1 came to a conclusion v;hlch I turned into 
a fixed resolution, that 1 v/ould never op- 
pose any A:ierican custom, no j.iatter hov/ 
strange and peculiar it might be, provided 
it V7as not opr^osed to uh.e Ten Commandments, 
and did n^t contradict tlie teaching of the 
Gospel, for riy recent ex"ne 'ience made me 
feel that v^'juld be the w'ly to do the ]:iost 

- 130 - 

Thon I thoiu'ht a r,^od 6e;\l abont i-ii" ^ 
V/histlor-, too, 'I'lioro v/oro so I'lany Junsen- 
ists aiaon*' tlio v^atholrl cs of t)ie missionary 
ro.^ions of Anorica, it vjas a delicto irkat- 
tcr to dr- 1. vjith; we missionaries >f that 
day had very strict orders ai)out tiioin, not 
to drive tjien out of t.'ie uh^u'ch if t;iey 
v/ished to be Catholics, ana not vV) bry to 
brinp; them in, if they v/ishen. t^ stay out. 
There v/ern so many of them, and -'"ood people 

"Oh, not your PTandfatJier , I kno;; that 
well, we all icnev^ that, v/e k'nevj it fully," 
and Fatlier Guer-^en^s gase seei;ic>d to rest on 
soiaetliinp: beyond the (^vv'nin.p: horizon, then' 
he resumed the convers. tion, tiu"ning to me 
he said: 

"I suprose you knov7 that a rathr-r of the 
Holy Gross v/as sent to bless youi^ ui-and- 
father's ~rave in reparation for all thr.t?^^ 

I replied that I kne\' that on^'^ of the .^ 

last missionaries had blessed our farily 
burying ground at tlie xiO) lest ea.d • 

"Not your cemetery," said Father Guagen, 
"your grandfather ^s gr'-ive; he was sent 
there to atone for all that had hajviened 
many ^^ears before, he said a i-iass of Reouiem 
at tl'C house the s- ;;ie as is said at f.m^^rals. 
Your Grandmother was present, ohen he v;ent 
up to your grandfather U: grave an./ ble.ised it 
Though I think that grave \7as self-consecra'fe- 
ed, for if the bones of the martyrs 
consecrated the catacombs, tlien that grave 
V7as a consecr-tion for its-lf , and for the 
whole cemetery. Cor that sort o.C martyi'dom 
is th(,^ very greatest that can possibly be ^ 
offered up for the true faith," '^ 

- 131 - 
ghapt::;: xiy, 

The next inteiruptitni to life at the 
Hoj'iestead vras nut deatli but Liarriar".':-'. -lh 
my Father* s Bible under tae'~- ).f ):i:ir- 
ria::';e is this r- cord , vritt'Tn in h::A- liand, 
rnd dated Novoi.ibrii- 13th, lo/Vl : 

"Francis Howe to Rose Victoiro Bailly." 

1 1 }ia V? b e ens t a t n d f r oni t i j ; le to t i i . le , 
hei"o in Indian-i, th:^t lio A/as a b^n^'-ei^, \jho 
at his de; ':h loft his 'Vnily in aTj'liient 
cii"CUtriS'".ancc-:s , but tires': state; ;c;its rro c )n- 
siderably at varianc"^ vitli facts.^:ers 
at th'^t iinriod v;ei'- imcio ■ th^.' sj>ari; i'ire -f 
an adv^:x^se le,p;isla, :"-i -n, nrev.-ntj.n' tliem 
fmm c-ir yin,": out any definite rians for 
buf^inesr ; tl\ey h; d to do th;'; besi^ t;ir;y 
could t.' dor re f ilu.r s vjh;' ch V7c>r-, fiur^; to 
come soon -;r or la tor, i" tliey oft'ai en- 
tev'r^d into tr ns,-- cti ons \:]iich se-.Jia to us 
reprehensible, it Mr 3 because th>r-y A/ere 
be\/ilc'crc:d in a la'oy.'inth of lav;s -.n- regu- 
lations all a jog Ajith one anotli r, 

ixy frthcr, v/hose prof :s;. ion v.v.s th'it of 
civil en.r.inecjr, to v.liich his abilities en- 
abl(.;d him to add that jx expert act.'ountant , 
n-'d too much at strke to onto.- into ■ ny- 
thinf: so prec- r.'ous as ban :ing business in 
the "/fO's." He cai.e to Chicngo in IS36 to 
seek the v/ides-.. field possible for his 
versatile abilities, in order to be able to 
support his pged parents v/ho had i.ct vith 
great reverses of foi^tune in their old 
age, ne did at first find cmplo}T:nent in 
a bc'nk v;h'_ch soon toppled over, under the 
effects of a legislation intended to nre- 
vent the fpu from, makinr. themselv.s r-ich 
b y t he 1 is e of t h e poor r r, n * s s -'i vi nr 3 . 

- 13;-^ - 

After th- t ho v.'orlcc-d in v;.r;iouG de- 
part' iv.-^iitr oT tho city fovovni lont , ar, d/Miu- 
ty f'or lien \j\\o \v\d tho politic: 1 iu/'liv.^r.ce 
neociori to p]ri.h a j^^b, ni- -li^ \:r-''> n it men- 
tally Tit to do the? v.ror?:. in thin c .p- city 
he poj\forincn nany tc'\sics o ' ' Mo^-nan^');! v:lue 
to thc: city, v;h:\ch cir-: of conrr^ ■ j-oc^rdod 
as pc f ornod hy tho so i/ho erinl ,<yor^ hiii. 
lie v/a s hol'-'inr, one of tJicsc^ positi'-)ns :7hcn 
ho Harried iiy r:":otho;i'. 

The v/eddin^':, a quiot one, took j^lace at 
the hoiiostead in the presence of tliu v.'hole 
fa''.'ly, reunited for th(3 Ir st ti;.ie, as \-/ell 
as .Jor the first tiiie since Granafatner 's 
death. Some fevj friends v/ere lilcev/ise in- 
vited to v.'itness the brief ceronony ac- 
corded to a, nnion betv;een i rot staait and 
Catholic, v/hich v/as performed by t/ie pastor 
of 5t. I-Lary^s Church, Chicaro, This clerry- 
man, V7ho v/as afteri/ards v/idely knovnthrou-'h- 
out Indiana as the last and inuch-loved 
Bishop of Vincennes, V7as knoi/nto the old 
Dourbon aristocr:icy of i'rance as Count 
Hai-irice d'Aussac de St, Palais, as their 
pastor, the Catholics of Chicago knev: hin 
as Father St. Palais, and to the Angliciz- 
ing Ame 1^ i ca n s , h. e i/a s Mr . Saint Pa 1 ace, vlK-^n the Calu.rnet country cai.^e unc^er 
the ecclesiastical rule of uhic^f^'o is more 
than 1 knov/, neither can I tell you vjiien 
it V7as disjoined froia th'it rule, but v/hen 
m3^ parents v/ere married, Dailly Homestead 
v/as still a missionary station, no lonf'ier 
dependant. uO'.)n Detroit, but visited at regu- 
lar intervals either by leather- St. Palais' 
himself, or by one of his assistants, ihe 
date of my mother's v/edding v.:as the set date 
of one of these missionary visits, and the 
I'lass pi^esented just such a scone as leather 

- 13" - 

Gu^rf^n drr.cri')ed, excei'tin-: tii.-.t i'"athor 
St, Pair 1^3 beinr a lauch tall^.^i^ laan, })rc- 
ferrtKl to use the; piano a;> an altar, 
Kadaine Bailly and h(3i- d-u.-'utei-s receiving; 
holy Coini'iunion froia his hnid^^. . 

After I-in.s.s, tue little congrc[;atitm 
v/ithdrcv:, leaving family and frier.ds only, 
to v.'itnr^rs the pli.'^:htinr'-, of niaraiaf^e vovis » 
i^athar St. Palais iriadc a brief addrt^ss un- 
on the joys, sorrov/s and duties of jir.r.-^ied 
life, in i7hich he declared tiie corner 
stone of its happiness v/as an affectionate 
desire on the part of each one foi^ thev/el- 
fare Ok the other. He ^'nev^ th.-'t thrire 
v;ould be nore of love in a cotta -^i, than of 
af'"lu' nt'inces in their i xua^ia-f^e 
so he addressed a fev words to jiy frther 
concerninp: the lovim; s^iiipathy \:ni ch a 
husband must extend to his v/if'-^ in tiiose 
trials, from uhich he v/ould be unaole to 
shield her. 

Locksley nail v/as not to be v/i-itten 
for many years, but rather St. Palais 
foreshadowed some of its verse, thou;-:h he 
did not let belf pass in music out of 
sight, lie declared that the day of hiarid- 
age should lay it in its grave, 

A fevj V7ords of congratulation vjere 
spoken, father thanked Grandmother for 
the prec:'ous gift of her daughter, i/hile 
Uncle './his tier, taking up his violin, sum- 
moned fam.ily and gu sts to the wedding 
breakfast, playinr the old, old v/edding 
dance, "Gone, haste to the . V/edding," 

Soon after a i!ia.n came from the next 
mission to cojivey the oriest to tlie next 
station at v/hich he v/e.s due, :^'\(\ Count 
Maurice d^Aussac de ot. Palais climbed in- 

- 13/, - 

to the niodast fiiri^ vehicle as cheerJ'ully 
as if it had be n a royal ca.ri-iaf!;e in tlie 
daVvS v/hen "After the Kinr , St. 

The v/edding (\:y was sTx.nt at the iloiae- 
stead, the v/eatiKn* v/as iiild and sunny, even 
more siu^Jier-like than is usual in Uhe fii-nt 
foi'tnirht of an Indiana ia3V;?iaber, and 
there was much strolling; tiu'ou.:h the autui'in 
woods, i^'ather \/ished to plant a tree in 
memprv of the f-ay; i-iotiiei-'s choice v;as rn 
oak', /'leather * s an elm; .i'inally a young elm 
was chosen :\rA plant-x: alongside of an oak 
sapling leaning over ':he river ban]v, the 
tv'o were f irn"' V bouncj togethe-- and so grew 
so that apparently thevR ij- but one trunk 
anH the branches laingle as ii' gr-n/ing on 
one and the self-same tree, so ny father 
bri:)Ught the memory of his lost neii haven 
•hom.e, on to the ballly Homester. d and ma^de 
it the menor'ial of his wedding day. 

The next morning my father left with 
mothe ■ for Chicago, in the carriage v/hich 
had brought him ana leather St, Palais to 
the nomestea.d, for he himself had brour:ht 
my mother's pastor to her home that he 
mir;ht receive her hand from the ohurch 
which she loved so v/ell. The route of 
this, her v/edding trip, v;as the sai:ie as 
she took when years be. ore she and her 
good horse had served her father's intcu"- 
ests so well, it nov; led hdr to her new 
home in a city v/here she had been so often 
a welcome guest, that she felt no pang 
of homesickness o 

The next time she enteT^ed her old home, 
just a fevj months later, it v/as to see her 
dear sister iisther laid in a grave at the 

- 13'; - 

foot of tii(^ old op.k croF,:^., Undo ^/nist- 
ler v;ar. v/ild v/ith fj;rir;i :jul roulci noL, 
endur-: \, ^ remain, v;hoi-<; ovurytiiin,;; i\i- 
minded him o^' hi:.; ber(K".v.,'MOjit . no had a 
^ood ^p ortunity of borannin-" li 'c ■■men; 
in ivansas , :ind tcOvinr; his four buyr. v/ith 
him, vront there, sev;-rin'" nii.Golf en- 
tircvly from all that coald i-ccali lo ids' the. days o.i" a v:.-.nir;hed iiapoirn-'i3s. 

urandia )thy;- r.?-entui'(.d he./ foi\Ta'-:.en 
home -nd dv/elt tioro i/ltii ^^nly t);o diai^h- 
tera, iiier r.a aiid .iOi^-.-nse , i' rr ;, fcii; 
yer'-r- , uh.ile the co^;y L'ti-.l;; dov:e]'h msc: 
crumbled int: o ruin.^-, up to tli.-' s ti;;e, 
1 1 1 -- v: I. r> t t r c i c t o ^ ' 1 - a d pu i ■ c .a • 5-. ■ d b ^ 
*jra nd. L'pt'ier foj^ torn '^'Ur . 'Os.s , 3''!r]!ained 
a? 'Virt oP t'.ie undivided er/(:.-^r.e oT ^Joseph 
Bailly, out as tie .st i.-.dy inc3' ■ .^/e o.f 
population raise tn'"' value ol' tne ^and 
in i«orthi;e^:tern indir-na, the taxes be- 
came t.o.) H;rievous e. b^irdon to ly-r. ij-.)rne 
by :\ny one "oerr.on. urandmothei- did iier 
bvst to meet tiiis expease out oi" jiei- 
slender reso^.u^-ces , out ■■ y ±i^.u .e^' felt 
that this v/as n ^t just, -s lon[; as the 
estate reiiained undivided,'; a-s I'ore 
liiCely to ro )n thus, .^^o he petitioned 
for a court division of this land, ixj 
Grandm;:)ther , t ■ bar all cl ii.; to objec- 
tion thnt mi a.t be Jiid. by .le VJ"histler 
heirs in after /O:- rs, resianed .ler ojie- 
third intei-eet, receivin.;; ar> part coi..- 
pensr'ti:jn a life intej"e^:t in tne one 
hundred and sixay acre^s of the homestead 
quart e.^' section, a lie Ic ru'. v/as then duly 
di viewed and the acailts inteia-sted, coald 
feel at liberty to realize sonei:hing 
from their inheritance. 

- 136 -. 

i.ot J.onr 
marriod, : nd 

.iUnt llort 

10 :f' noAV 'i)iie v;ps in Ch:ic- ;"o. 
Then i'amt ihorcsa rV'.od nnd orandriotl;er 
bad*^ f-'r-^v7oll tn hpr hur-band^s hon.sp, 
and v/as v/el coned by Aunt Ap;atha and Undo 
Bidd-le as thfir pe^^^icin 'ut !;-u(3:3t. 

The Homer^tead was closed and abandojiod, 
the wide open doors oj' the lor-vr^reiiouGes 
shoved baie v/alls an-: droary ei'iptinuss ; 

so];ietii"es a mei'ibor of t lO, f:\i!iily 

CO' le on l)usiness oi 
a d y o.^- tv'o a.t tim 
ticleG '.>f i'ur nit lire 

tii(.^ e.<::i^ate 

JlvUlSO, V/ilv 




fev; cir- 

;d, bnt 

v/as seldoi'i. ilovlny ij.^nds oi Ino.i; iis stixi 
passed by, uMt they n.) lonyer i uKh- their 
camp in tlie v/hit'.; oal: yi\)ve . rh^jy built 
their fin. s and hun;'; theii* rcettles in tiie 
door-yc'i'-d, sl(U)t in tiie ei.i;:'ty v/a."( 'chouses 
or on tl'je v/ide verandas, and nany a sett- 
ler of that r:.y thou :ht that tlieac^ coor)or- 
colored tranps v;ei>o tne faijiily o'" tiio 
]?'renchr'ian vfan had ovmed the ti'a.din/" p.)st. 

This did not last very raany years. Rail- 
roads C-^-ne, anr] v/ith tiiem cane a demand for 
railvjay lumber suv^T^liea all a Ion'-; the ro'r^:\< 
a-nci the hoj-iestead residence underwent some 
repairs anc!! in-, -rior altera.tA ons , in<^ludin[- 
a kitchen room, so as to harb -r thjose who 
V7ei'-e to suTKjrintend the Sc'le of timber 
fr:^m the ba.illy estate, biy father intended 
to reside here some months o'" each year to 
oversee the lumoer camp, but ii : died ve;ry 
suddenly in the summer of 1^30 in the 
height of the chol'^ra season, he v/as one 
of it:; many victiii.s. 

Aunt Hortejise^s husband tlien assumed 
the direction .^f this lumber business; he 
v/as a man v/holly i.f^norant of tne faiuily 

- 137 " 

his ory, h';vin'~^, no n;;,Tap thy \/ith the 
traditions of bho p.':st, nd posi.ensud 
v/ith :ui ido.' tjvt his Mif>) h.':(J. been 
wronr^id by h' r fjinily in tho iiattei- of nor 
inheritance, so ho iiv^n-^r^ '■ nf fairs ujiolly 
v/ith rofo. oricc 1:0 this idea, ihc^ nattor 
v;hich lie lisund'.^r stood v;as in i-cO.-.. iJ.on t ■ 
the embr.z :lir.r: adrainistrator ; ho judged 
the affair vd'iolly by tho county i-e cords, 
vjhich certc'iinly no noto of tlio cruel 
coercion used on Grrmdmother^ and lior 
daughters, conpellinr then to accent as 
administr-jtor , one v/hon they hrd evoi^y 
reason to dread and dislike. 

As he rord the bprreri;Me;:t of 
le/ral uroce':din'~s, lie jurh^;on the faiaily had 
asked the court to apeoint th s nan to tadcc 
charrre of thn estate aaid thr* I: therefore 
Aunt Hort ens e shoulci have been conipensa.ted 
for the damafce done b^/ hii:i to the est.^te 
durinp; her lainority, overlookin/; the f-.ct 
that Grandi.iother had ceded her one -third 
interest to cover up all such claiiis. ne 
also disliked, the unavoidable intrusion 
of the foster sister into the family in- 
heritr,nce, so altogetjier his nianag^Ment 
of this lumber enterprise tended chiefly 
to give him an opportunity of mking iiis 
v/ife^s inheritance furnish funds for his 
ov/n investments, v;hich for a v/hile v:ere 
brilliantly successful • 

He made no history either- for himself, 
or for the family; his cictions tov/ards 
his v/ife's relations have been v.ddely com- 
mented u^on, both in the tovmship and in 
the county, else there V70uld have been no 
necessity of giving him more than a loass- 
ing mention, and to state th-.t he v/as the 
one v/ho first induced ui.jedish irmnif^T'ints 
to settle in Westchester Tovmship, 

- 13^ - 

I'iy fp.thor rt the time of liin doa^th 
held the position ol' t^ccretary -incl Troa;-- 
urer oi' th'-^ ^hic.-- r:o c. Galena univ)]! 
A-7ay, a tiny af l.'air coriD^'i-ed \Mt;i tiie 
gre^: t trun': liritjs, oi './ii.ich it w.-':; tlie 
pr;rent, o/.t an enterpnic<' i'ii:]ity :ui its 
si^nif icnice and in it::. ri^;;ul(.ya .lerr-, 
too, ."IS in 11- tters of ci'-'ic iiipoiM: nee, 
m • ^ n y n i ^^ r-.t'.x v. i^ ' s . . o r. t vi \ 1 ua b 1 e r> e ] • v :l cos 
are officirlly recorded to the or dit of 
the ones ^;:io ouf";ht tt.) nave r^er^or: :^id tn^;: i 
but v:hose i.iental enui.iie .t v/-..a n ^-t ecn.ial 
to tiie duties of the-.r :;osi ijn, .iS lon{" 
as ills contei ipor.:L2'ie.s lived, i/idl justice 
VISE done to jiis i.ienory in all tnee;. re- 
spects, ' nd n) conpl; .. nz c'ln be riade con- 
ce-'-nin"^ the r(:cof;nition accorded, to his 
abilities, and to the gre.-.t dirniity of 
his chrracter, his naine v/as held as a 
synonwa for truth, honor, and all that 
is memt and included in the plir.ase, 
morr:l v:orth. 

- 130 - 

CHAP'.^r;u XV. 

Fatlipr did not leavo Kotli.^r in afflu- 
ent circTiFistancos , his ;j;ene]^osity to his 
par ntf, the rosponsibili'cio:- v/hich he 
had assumed in Ccirim;; for his youn.'vw' sis- 
ters, nr ^vented liirr froni lacJcini: sucu in- 
vestiaontr. as oth(^i's ai'ound hiia ivei-e jiakin;^, , 
but the good order in \/hich he h: c set 
Mother* s ovm inh:; itc'ncc, top:Gther \:ith 
the v;ise instructions v/hlch he f^ava ner 
ref^ardin;: it:. r;ianar;LT,ieiit , left no i-oom 
for want • 

Mother hac no need to "or.a.:e tlie cosy, 
coiT^f ortaole city hone m which he.- husbc:.nd 
le rt her, nor haci she i.ny desire to d) so; 
she fully intended remaining in Uiil c r':o, 
devotin.r: herself to the car*^ and educ:. :.ion 
of her children, and eiaploy her leisure 
time jn those good v/orlis, vliich ar-- a solace 
to the heart 02" a v/idov; indeed o 

In tl'iis a lies': bit er disa.ppointraent 
a v/a i t e d 1 le r , the second b i s h p of u li i c . f : o , 
a Belgian, was a, not a mission- 
ary, according to this "version," the tai'^s 
must bc; pulled up immediatexy, nev .r iiind 
the \fnc.';^t. Like all the Catholics 01' the 
Latin na^:ions, he was convinced that the 
traditional customs of his oun country 
v;e e the outco.:;e, the sole legitimate jut- 
come of Catholic dogma, and inseparable 
from a faithful fulfillment jf a Catholic* s 
duty, lie objected bo a Catholic lady*s ac- 
ceDtance of the x'ull legal iJ.bc^i'ty ac- 
corded to i'lei" by the and of 
the United Status and of tne ^tat.: of Il- 
linois, ixy motlier had adiainis ^eicd and 
clost;d i;.y f: tiler's estate, she vras tiie 
acknov/ledged natural gii:.rdiaii of her 

- lliO - 

childi'.n, j.ind olie v/as iinnr: i]i>;; ]i-:r ovvii 
pal-'-Tnal inhe it;ince. In D .Iriiui r.lK; 
would iiavf. been in suu.jf cti'.on to a lUi In- 
dian , toretlior \-i oh ]ic:- cii:'.ldrc^n, llor over 
he hc::rrd tnat i.t v/a; r::e.i>: v:lly ;;uV';o:-'d 
that she iiac i'>'nonnced all th. nich-; o " 'iir- 
rir. f-'O, -..'hich did not C'.)nV'"'y the s.-iit;' ..^.•■•in- 
ir - to j'ir. ijel^-ian nine tlii^t it nirl i.o i.iy 
I'ath^T^s fanilly and to all h p 'iaic;)id::, 

Altoneth^';-', j\y ]::o:.'e:'' p po;;!'.^ :>n in 
ror-;;rd to h }" e:iC'''i5a-;('. ivli^'i)!"! ••;a ;]'Ui.y 
pitiable, alie \;oilIc? not aooeal to .lO: liuc- 
band^e friende tor p -ot': Coion, a:^ Ji,i(.i-;o 
Lvncli at t^;;;. ■ t:i e, o.Pt n iiOiri coni-o nor"r.h 
o/ iia:>on and. uixon'.- tin.., in \;hi(ari iie 
pronounced many nn v: ., -ious pcnalt-ies; ohe 
V'ar too loyal to L«jia.;:'ch to irin; ^.ovai 
anything like an outbu^-st oj:' i'rot ,...L.aat 
indif^na'-'i Uy a-liich v;ould ,iave o^J.Jn arouis :d 
had zYiii ti'Uth b.^Oii ]:no^;n• 

At len/^'th sh,) had a chanc: to cor:Lnuni- 
c?te oeroonally uith i-ii.-'-^or^ 5t . Palais, 
anu she confided the v/hole sitLU'.t to 
hii'ii. ne endeavo.'o;; t;> uk nis in-'luence 
to r-'Medy jatt^-'r-s, but v7i;.hout avail; he 
\-7a: aiv n to unr'ei's.-end th/.o if he aould 
be v'illin.-: t':) sanction such a depa..-ture 
froLi true christian dir.^-i ^line as •; v/idoa-, 
not intendinL^ '• o :-iarry again, rnana-finf; 
the affairs of he-r' est.'i'te, inrleoendei.,t of 
all masculine authority, in the diocese of 
Vincennes, he iriirht , but tlvit sucii doings 
v;ou] d not be sanctioned in Chica':Oo 

The Catholics of tn.- United Ste.tes at 
this pe/'iod cannot ap'':'reci>ate tlic^ f?-reat 
chan:"e they enjoy in posses sin.e; a clurc-y 
and hierai-chy, coiuposed of raen born in ica and reared in the a tLiosnhere of 
our free,itui:i jns , liuui mIio avri-r cir.'te 

- 11,1- 

O'Ti- true Chri^tiMn libei^tv ar: Lh- .frcy^-do 
whe:- v/.irJi Uhrist h: ^ lu-iae iiG ire, : .on 


v;h<) knov; jiu,' to distin,fui::.h but\/«';eii mit- 
terr oi' doctrine> Djiosu naoioai;;! cus- 
to:Mf^ of jjuroiH; hr-nded doi/n i"ror:i d:yi^ of 
P:w;an' anti-uity. 

I d--> not knov7 if i5ish;)p St. Pair, is 
hiins.^ir could jiav alv/ays -.c;d.c; tiio^; . dis- 
tinc'"<i'.ui;: , out in hi ^^ estiM'i ion of true 
mnnliood ho nov-r forp;ot who v/er*:-: the ones 
that stood under T.:i«^ Croso to t'.i'' v. ry o.ic', 
nor t!i"t tdio one v.'iio stoo(^_ i^e-^idi^ tjiera as 
their laivful protector v^as one-; oi the fir 'I 
and ])a5>t jjishops of Christ-'iido: i. 

Bishop St, Palf'is took odis<er Vt/iy 
much to iV'/irt, He r-'iv- my iiotiier his 
fulle^vi;. syiaDr thv in this her ..o.,.t bituer 
trial, riot an empty s^nrtoathy oi' i^iei'-^ v/orch-a 
but an active syi'T'^-atrr', ben'c U':on seeking 
and pro cur in.-: a remedy. He bu:..ied himself 
in m:akinp; suitable arranrce^acnts for taic- 
iuj^- I-Iother rina her cliildrv;n under his pro- 
tection; he ^jcuit to i-.ackinac bo see 
mother in order to inouco her to rc-turn to 
Inc' and occiu')]/- her oa-n iious , so thao 
Siie could invite iiO'chei^ to rvfourn to her 
father's :'Ome, This uould orin/'; iiotiier 
into the diocese ol" Vincennes, v/here slie 
could enjoy the virtuous freedoin of an 
American lady. 

Those vdio ]:nei; bishop St. Palais, only 
aftcT- Jie \7as overtadcen by tliat premriture 
old a^-'e, VJjiich Cc.'me upon iiiia lonr; befoi^e 
the ye/uas of threescore and ten, find it 
very di^ i'icult to realize that lie v/as at 
any time of hxjs life a v- ry active -'.an. 
He \!c F. one of thosv^ v/hos : li"e may not be 
measured by ve- rs or bv th'? flifdit of, 

- 11,2 - 

and he vras I'uliy entitlecJ to hir; otiui.i 
cum dir,nitato v;hori it c; i.ic • 

V/hon lie speedily betook himself to 
i-i<ackin;ic oo see Graiic;nothei', he v/a.:.. cict- 
inr^ in iv.?rl'ect ci ccoi-d-ince v.'ith his 'isi,u.l 
line ot" conchict in i.atturs of charity and 
mercy. Ho 1'ound Grrnciriothor very uiJ-lini: 
to eaitc^r into his plans, as in iiei- j lind 
they cori'obor-'ted i/h.^'t she believed had 
been .for:-to!^d to her, beside h -r husb,and*s 

The sacrifice she so cheerfully 
made for rjur sa!:e w-'J- p'reat inde d, IJot 
only V7'- s she very haa-'-'^y and CDi'ifort:; ole 
v;ith Aunt A^^atha, but she vrar. also very 
v/ell-lcn^)!-^ a.t i>i3c]cinac and hifrhl^'- res'oect- 
ed. The ra.rb vjhich sh.- ^-.^ore v/as under- 
stood by all, no one cons i dermal liar" an lui- 
civiliz^d on ricc^o^nt of rier rar- 
ments, these proclairied her to be a 
Christian v/idov/, vowed to a life of 
prayer and p:ood v/or^'s and livin.r under 

the rules of a confratei-nity ; she had 
many congenial friends in this confra- 
ternity and en.ioyed a daily attendance ..t 
church sf^rvice, .ill these thin,^^;s sh^? gavi- 
up to return to a forest hoi,.e, which had 
lapsed into all the crudenoss of the v/il- 
derness v/ithout r,ny of ios charm. 

Ther'.. V7as no possibility of obtaining 
servants, the OttaWcis who made excellent 
help for those whom they v/ere v;illing to 
serve, no lonyer visited Indiana, the 
Potawattar.iies , i\rho still came around, 
scorned the idea of service, the French 
settlers had lon^ since follov:ed Grc-;nd- 
father's advice r.nd ;^one elsevjhei'e, :juro- 
pean immipxants, usr-ri to the villa,f"es of 

- l/;3 - 

the old v;orld, .foand an isolaooci for', st 
lifo too lonc-'ly, so ivotiu:- :iiid ur. a'u ij\o tli r 
had to reconcile" tlieiis^-lvus v,(.) .ai oirtfia^aly 
ne". situaf'ion, "orerocn \y/ ancle i^iu'Kle, 
but not by oinhop ot, Palaia, 

iiov/ovea, wlutioj ,, noi; an old I'vai, ;':.i!ie 
to ; heir as istance; .-lad o:' t:;o sKclt'. i" 
of Viis old hoi ;e , lio willin'-ly cast j:;.; lot 
v/ith ahor.t, asl:in':^ only J') -d and shelter, 
and the rjadit to fis^;. • nd •unit, aad cult:".- 
vet'^ a f^a.-den ."or ve -"etah g s , ith f.'ll 
liberty to in^'al;;^/;^ hir i-o^':^ '^ ins l:;i acts at 
v/ill. lij-'en- fat/br h- d rev;,-ird.ed Clutif: r 
very jiandcoMoly, settina liiii ud . n b\i. ija ss 
as a : ett;^ fnr-arader, .ait there v/, s an 
elei..ent in Cluti'.;r's char/ c^er vaiicii i-^- 
vented hii.i froii succeediiria in c.ny business 
enterprise, ha v/as a Si^enethrir^ in ais 
youtri, and in old ar^e totall;,^ ..^.tiioUw ai..- 
bi ion; f olloijin;;; only i-jie in'aiinat on o:<' 
each d- y, I think "it v/as t?ie rrenci: in 
Clutier's juake-ur, that did a ^t balance 
properly vjith ^i, .eric;ai life;; he ou-lit eo 
have been trrms planted to a riUropcan es- 
tate to sei've as n;a: iekee])ei-, . is i v7/;i'den 
and foi'-; ter, ae then 'v:ou1g iiavr; been in 
his pro p e r e 1 e r;ie n t • 

C 1 ut i. e r f i s h e d , h a ^ t e c^ m. n ( : f <• > r d e n e d f o 2" 
tb- fr'i^iily ta-ile, rhich he kent amply pro- 
vided. Kor his ovm Docket :ioney, he 
tranead snail aninr'ls v.^hose ."a.r vjas Vfilu- 
able, sellinp; their pelts in the nei.diber- 
inr. tov.Tis, and soiie of tiiose \iho bour;ht 
from hin ina^zined the.t he v/as the fur- 
tr:.der irJailly, of vihom tliey had heard so 
many vaP:ue tries, vhile tne homestead v/as 
abandoned. Clutier v;as a greet comfort to 
us, altiioufrh his leva of roving led hi].; to 
absent hii.iseli sonetines,i7hcn lie would nave 

- 1/,/. - 

boon parti cul.r.rl;,^ ;-1p.(1 to hav.: hiii on 
the pr;nnir;.s. Jlovjcvor, liotlier iuj'O to bo 
able to liiro non i'roia tho Ir^vrcdisli iiii.ii-- 
pxants in tlie neighbor riood , to -..i-runa the 
heavier v/orlc Wiiich \7. c? no'dcd especially 
in •./intO'^, but in Gpita ol .'-ll t]iv-s.- /ineli- 
orations, Graiidrnothe^-' a I'^-tui-n v;aa :■ i'ul- 
filli'iont oj' the aroahec;/ ta; she \jr;iild 
cone br c'' hey,-, to dv;e 1 in povca-ty aad in 
tlie midst o • " hai'^d'iaii]") raionij; st]"^' nr*; a r, v-no 
would shov; lier but scar.ty rca3pecto 

ihe residence i/as sadly in need of re- 
pair, but (.irc'jidnothe]; \:oa^'-d n.'t paaait i-ioah- 
e^' to nahe ,;iny extansiva alt a-atiana; a 
fa-: morc' raoaa ^are pl:'at''^rad, and in one 
room the vrc.ll pnue?" uan ren^M'' d. . 'ida^ 'a)\ar 
house had beaji torn dovai, but Uj-andi vathe]^ 
desirous o'" her oa-n saeci,- 1 priva.C;,^, c'aase 
t]v^ old kiachen buildin^'; for her heainiiaaae, 
vrhei'x:' she dva:)lt the greater aart ot" the 
yerVy only coaiina in v:ith us dariny the 
three v/inte;^ nonths. In th:; s little room '^ 

both G:-'andfather and .amt Theresa had "^ 

breathed their last, ^>rv: (irrindi-iather a^as 
one v'ho loved to be v^ith her dead; not in 
hopeless grif;f , au.t in ha.' py expectation 
of tiie jo\rful reunion herea ''ter. Eveii in 
winter tiae, if there was a brief space of 
bright, sunny v;e-.ther, she v/ould light a 
fire there and leave the door open to : ir 
the roorii, awhile she sat beside trie sujiny 
south windov; soaring or telling her beads. 

The v;ide outside chinmey had cru;ajbled 
away, and its open fireplace had De>ai cl )sed 
with tightly fittina boards, but tikH (luaer 
old range was still t.-ore and la had such 
vjonderfuJ. c "••"''' cities of a large fire, fed ^^ 

by cjrd length a'o^d, and a small ana fed J 

by kinr-lin^ chips or fag'ot wood, i^uch a 
co]foin£a'"ion for maliina' the Ottav-a taraalis 

- 145 - 

and i-o:t rtin-; cars oj.' corn, h ,l:i.:r- ]).:)t: .-oc^s 
:md hoowinr uat'' ■ ajifi liiaki..'^ v^aiiron jroth, 
to;:-tiii'- ^.n(l keepin food '/aiTi, : nd 
ell ii'c til ; sane tiiie, v/itu t\;o or tnrcc 
ccoks h? v/oi'kii • ..l. L.j: rs'iic bmc;, 
it v;a.'v ci Jio.'tc in itf<'lf • I *io n .t, v;uiui(n" 
that urandiioisaer lv''-d hai- l:' d',' liin/"; 
and (ivervwhin/:^ in it, ^or all it:: od(:itiGS 
made it the snur;p:pat aiui con i est ." nd 
svjoetfv^t "Gi'andnaV> rooi'i" tliat OV':^]^ \/as« 

Bi s hop S t , Pa la i s w o] li y o d Gi\- ri di ;iot he r 
that ]v^ ^:ould send a i^ric • t onco a year to 
sry ila.53n nt tJio Honnst':'^;d raid lie ke'ut his 
nrorilso. Gr'iini-iotli'-r j'-rMouod tK^: old 
cust a.i GSta^>lis]iad yr-a's b-iorr:, ra(: v/cjit 
ev-^ry uiind.-y,' -Mid '""^"i.' ■• y to tav ■ ryry:-^- 
yard, to s'K'i.d s one uii\o th(:;re in rrayor. 
As I p'l'ev' oldar, 1 accon'^' jiiod li^a' vaienovor 
the v;eathei' r,ra'nitte>d, kot her 'r-f erred 
to reciro to hor roon, and ny sister c;id 
too, t'a'^re '-.ney read fron boo]:s ")'\ a reli- 
giou.:, cha.ract r such prayers and instruc- 
tions as they fait v/ere suited to tixoir 

I v/- s always contented uith this lioiio, 
I v/a s V ( ; r y mu c h y o i m ;'•: e r than i ly s i s t . . ; ^ , 
too youny to feel the c]u.n[y; froia to^ni to 
country, at an an^ naien cl child usually 
believes its noth-n" to be infallible. I 
soon felt sure that iiotJiei' had so;ie reason 
for leaviny uhicr-yo, v.diich vjr. v/ere both 
too youn.f- ''.o unders'nmd , sonethiny tlx! t 
vie ou 'ht not to kno^.j o"" aslc any questions 
about. l'erhpi:)s I horrid soiiethinp: said 
betvzeen l-iother rnd Grandraotlier vrhen they 
su^'-'^'osed I did not unders".r]v vaiat tViey 
\;(;re savrvny, I thin.h non" that noi./riiny 
else could have -nut it s6 ■■ir^lly in .Tiy 
little iiead, th^t tnere v:as an innortcint 

secret connoctotl \;ith Kol:iu-j-',s lo.-viiv; hoir 
ov.Qi hoiiO, to co::ic bric-: to tlio coaut ry. 
Her frieiKls said sri 3 c.:id it in a Tit oi 
eccontricir/v, ca^Js^^d b:^ ner f-xcossivc. 
sorro\/ at Fath'^r^s de;.'.th and iiy roister 
said so too, brit 1 f>l\j:-ys flea;' into n tan- 
trnra if ;;nyonc: s^^ boj.'or.; . ;o , Lon^^ 
after i.iy sister ^s co:.:tb, v;iien I va:. nearly 
forty ye,-rs ol.d, i-iOtnor told r.;G tir.. truth 
about tiieso and otrier i.attcrs, 'chinkiir;; 1 
our^ht to ':n')\j all tha ti-uo nistory -f the 
liv s that l^ad been liveci boneath its 
roof in or-d-.: r to bo better able to solve 
t)ie problr.),i3 of jjy o\ra life. 

iiy sister vas very un]i:;:-ny, lioi' ini^'-'l- 
lectual tastes v;ei'e o'.' an abstrr. ct iu.tuj.e, 
an'- she took no .)1 ^asiaa in v/hat. vjoald ncr.j 
b' called "Nature Study.'' She did not 
sh-iro ny botanicl taste;s, foimd no beauty 
in scojiery th' t cid'n.^t reach t'.e hei;dits 
of sublimity, did not to coi:iiune vaith 
rJature, and rlv:ays Ion- ca] to shc:;.re her 
thou"]its \:ith ot^iers. Shf? '"elt tlia'c Lotii- 
er^s clioice of a hone had been so um/ise, 
so irrational, tii'it slie lost entir-'ly tliat 
most a r e c i o u s t r e l. s ur e oi' e girl's . ; ; ; a x • t , 
confidence in her- motlier^s judgment. 
Mother ma; e every loving excusi.: foi" ner, 
and gave her ev^ry opoortunit;/ possible 
for absenting hers-elf from hoLie • She spent 
six years at a boarding school \vetl knov/n 
in Indiana, St. I'^-:r3^'s of the \/oods>, v/hose 
fame extends beyond the limias of tne 
JDtrte, and after that she vj^is a v/elcome 
guest in many homes, and i-iothei" pex'i.iitted 
her to avail herself of taxis \/elcome, so 
that she vras absent from us moro tnan 
half of th'-^ tiiueo 

- l/l? - 

I Mrs only four y-'ars! ;.'hnn iiov.hor 
came l^ack to ii.or f: tiior'r, hone, so i do 
not rt^nenber tlie ])ric53t,.s \jho Cc'j in at first, 
very distinctly. 1 kno\/ tnat thoy \;oi-o 
vory kind and t]i;it it sco;.nd very nice to 
have iiasG said in the lions.:. 1 rei.ic; iber 
that /amt ^^v-^-cnsi died, v/iien 1 v/ac p" out 
five old, ; no. that Ikw rera;^ins v/ere 
brought here fron Chic: -o, t*) be be- 
side i-vunt Esther, I recollect also, th.-^t 
not so vo'^^y Ion,'-: after* t'lr-t, j^erii'^^s a 
ye.--r, th^t I h-rrd Mothfjr r>ay that \:e 
v/'^-re no Ion," r under Dish- a -^ :;t. Palciis, -^nd 
tliat she wonder*'. 'd hov; th'' ijisliop of tjie nfi\' 
diocesa of Foj-'t 'Jayne v:ould. tr -.t us; she 
soon kne-..' tyir^t she lird no cause to r^ru'. t 
the chan.f?:e. Dish )p Luers defined reli 'ion 
pure and undefiled precisely as ot. J^^ai^r^ 
did, or rather he accepted that Apostle's 
definition, as the rule ox his life :aia c'.ll 
his clerry thoua.hf of t'iie tv.'o xildous at *Gae 
Homestead v/ith sentiments of jcindness and 
reside ct. 

About this time, too, a chiu-cli a'as built 
in a little railroad villa.a^^ three miles 
distant to i/hich a priest c^ me once a i.i.uitho 
For a Ion:" time our home had ceased to be 
a mission strition, as all the uatholics 
nearby, had moved av:ay, and as this villaae 
contained nearly all the oatlnolic popula- 
tion of the tov/nsliiD, il, v.e- s the proper 
site "^or a church, ihe con;_';r oration comnos- 
ing this nev7 mission, v;er'^ -•'■^iefly railroad 
laborers, v/ith a few farmers' fa.milies be- 
sides o They v^ere all European immi,p:r( nts , 
khov/inp; nothinr^ of life outside of "Old 
Country" customs, and the iuuaediate neces- 
sities and trials '^^f their ov/n lives, fhe 
kindness shown to Grfindmot her" in the m^at- 
ter o.f a y-'arly visit from lier confessor. 

secMed to them an parti;. lity, .)ut 
no one d Tod coMnlar'.n, a.t lo:ir;.t n')t i.iore 
than -jnce, 

Inrair,rant CatholicG nevc;r iimknT.^- )od 
pione(;r Catholics, c.nd nevu^ v/co-'- oth(3r- 
wise than mor<' or lees unjust in their o- 
pinions )f timm, , Thoy doin.'inded as r.iir. one 
sole evidence of piety ono. zeal tli erec- 
tion of bui dinp;s fox' ecclesiastical ]mr- 
posv-'S. Godly liv'nr; aaid holy exai^.^le in 
the matte • o:' s\.i'ict obedience to fiir. ueca- 
Ic-'aie, vfoj-e thin:;s thao tneir lii.iiti.d 
soiritui.l perceptions ■";ould nor. in .- ch. xhoy 
could not understand tii t churches could 
not properly on loc- ted uatil th'.; riopula. .i -ui 
of tlie country i^as su.iT icir>ntly nu; '.^rous 
to be c o n/:" R s t e d i nt o to irn. s <• . m^. v i 1 1 a p: » ^ • • 

Anothei^ thin^'^ tl^at annoyed them and all 
the neirhbors was that l did not attend the 
district school, they vjoro thorour-hly con- 
vinced that I did not kno'.-r ho. to r 'ad at a . 
tine i;hen 1 could rt-- e both i'"rench and Enr;- 
lisli vritli casa ano rapidity , 1 learned to 
read at a vei*v early a^e, My ruther toach- 
inp; me accordin^r^ to iirs, McCoy ^s hiethods 
with the aid ot^ Webster ^s Spellina' book, 
and readinf^ les.^-ons in the i\ie'i.' lestaMoiit. 
I remember one old Canadian priest, a. mis- 
sionary of the old school, ;ho enjoyed nooi.- 
inr: better than the aay ne spent annually 
at the homestead, amusiu'^ himsc^lf one v;hole 
afte.rnoon examining me in history ana cate- 
chism, I was Lhen about seven years old. 
After I passed t ^rough the eleiaentai'y 
studies, my sister prepared for me the col- 
len"iate course of Jt, llc'rys of the .;bod:-:, 
V/hen I entered tliat instiouti )n as a re gu- 
lar student, the faculty wer^: abundr-.ntly 
satisfied v/ith the intellectual foinid tions 
that had bean laid for tliem to b^'ild u"'^on. 

}.-^ti'-r :\ v;hjle, v/o iai/',ht hp. vo rc-.tiirnc^d 
to Ci'i "'.c-i^o, ■-)r that diocc;:e v/as in alto- 
g tiiCT differ-ont u;'ndi:. . ..e iiad laany kind 
friends amonr. oatholic clergy as \/ell as 
plon.'^mt acnuaintances .•'iion;;.; tnc^ lai^y, but 
kjrr/inrlriother v;as then too feeble to roturn to 
aunt Agatha's, t;}-^ laja.- trip would havo 
b^- n too ) .uch f 'r ho:.', :rid life in a city 
V70uld sur-^ly hav..^ tdDrt^^nod her > ays, 

otill, li'-T Jiealth r' I'liiijied good for one 
of her aclva.ncod age, in<' for one v;b.o had 
unn -rgone so j luch ha-'dchii) :\n6. so ]_:!cb sor- 
row*; she T7' ,;; alvjays very 'lieerfiil, V'.;V'y -ind 
an-' vrry t.lin.rdit Vul ^;.' ot/ii'':rs, rra.yei^ i/as 
her rrcreation, and dui-iir'- thc^ last tv.'o 
ye- rs f hei' ^'.ifc^, hc^r constant oc-u;)ation, 
yt she nev :;■" to lay r-sic-e he. 
dev:)t;"ons to oei^foi-m an a. ct of i:in( no^rs or 
charity, or ;.o receive a friend a ■/. ection- 
ately, ohe nev^^r seemed to De lonely, 
though she hrid no society except \:hiX oui" 
presence gave he:'. oometiiiies a. fa.i.iily of 
Fotav;afotai iicr. caiie \m fi'oii v-.entral iij-in-.'is 
to vr'ze laaple sug.-.i^ in a. fine for :-t /f 
ha.rd iia^-le nearby; they v/ou.i.d coine ajid vis- 
it her -Hi}. a:ie v;ould return their visits, 
othe/v/ise she in: in.tained a ::'0rt o:i? cloist'.;r 
rule '^f nevr-r leaving the prer.aises. 

xhis family of Indians were descendants 
of a long line of chiuft.;:ins , v/hich had be- 
come extinct in the i.iale succession. The 
last chief of this fa]:iily had but on^. cnild 
a daughter, vdio fell in lovn v;ith an Uttav.^a 
v7arrior, n .liied Shab.^nee, a distant rels. tive 
of Madame Le Fevre on the Fieench side of 
the family I believe, anyh )w he v:;:.s, like 
her, of min'^led French and Indian descent. 
He^d Grandmother by an Indian ten;; of 
relationship, the eouivalent o.iV v/hich is 
in use among the old ^icottish clans, and 

- 1'; U - 

his childron called h'^.' .iunt , not ])CK;:Jiso 
of Iviiiv'si'iip, bill, b(.!Cai'.:^ ' 3iicii v/: r Vac. 1 otn- 
v/attamie iiethvOd o.C adc-i-^ csinf; eldcirl;/ Iridic: 
i;hom they rosf^'^ctHd, ■• uf. (.lo i/e ii ^t ud tlio 
sai:iG tov'a.rd eldoi'ly persons vjho v,hc ob- 
ject o-f afi ctiont'ix' ostnen of i- uhole 
neighborhood and iz .tMr; not on^^ )f tho 
prc-ttiost oi' our Aiit-Ticui Jiisae 
i-i0i'"\'in* s oldort son, n )\; an octo/^r-a^ I'ian, 
is "Undo Joe" to all Jostchestci' To-./iishia'' 
inhabitants, Polos, Si:r-(U'S, Gorman;-, .nd 
Irish as vie 11 as to .-all \..' us v;ho m-:. of 
old colon i a 1 s t o civ, 

Sliabanee \Jo'd a vjell-]:n.c;v:n chiof, a 
p;rann character in tlio (\'n-ly history of 
Illinois, but his laur-ls ar:^'th-sa of 
pp?'. CO, not o" vr'.r; his eloouencc liiora 
KrencI than Indirn in it'- C'la.r,- c "er , uas 
alivays ei:iolo;^ed in tho true v/elfa ■■^.^ of 
his DeoT-le, his courtesy vjas indubitr.ble 
for he v;ould risk his life at all tines 
v;hen it v7:-s needful to utter unpalataole 
truths to an Indirn asser.bly, knov/inr- full 
well th't the conseouences to iiim iii;-ht 
be the torture stake v/itJi ail it. jioia-ors, 
iMOthinf; of the kind diid hapuen, thcra -h 
his best friends felt that Shabanee lived 
under a sv/ord of jJai-iocles, and he hinself 
v-ith his family ended their days as exiles 
from their o-ti jx-eople, self -exiled, .'or 
when the kotavzattamies accepted theii^ re.::F- 
vations in Southo:rn Michi;:an and in Indian 
Territcry, Sliabanee p;ladly took a sm^all 
separate reservation in uentral Illinois, 
v/her ' he and his chi Idr- n lived a serai- 
civilized life, lau/^hed at by sorae, thouyh 
honored b~,^ i:he more intellir^ent portion -*v 

of the population of Uru.ndy County, Illi- J 



- l:')! - 

liadc'ime ohabcUioo por,r>CvS.'od a r,ran(i 
prsonco. bho loolc^d ovti^'v inch :\ nuoijn; 
she v;an rJio only j"ull-blo!)d Indian I 
ever s-V', h;'^- ..!:in V7a:s co' -o.-r color, diOJ. 
fini^-h, not an i\t'm o.i wluto blood p;:r.r.od 
throu r'l Vier voijiG, not ono featnr , not 
one outline o ^^ hf:r A;ho o ]:)ody derv. rtcd 
from tho perfect tyne oi" nor race, t:-ll 
and portly, ber coni iandini'; fi^^urc Jiade a 
f iti inri; monuriont for a 1 'St d^m.-ii-ty; many 
v/ho met her on the puolic hi;;h\7ayc. of 
Westchester 'i'ovmship, iiaaained she :,.u:-.t be 
Ma. an lie Bailly. 

She dre.ssed f orn- -oufIv Ln a costuMo iiav- 
inn a remote res... jiance to th: t •'.rorn by 
Urandiiother, but in a true bai'baric style, 
as d i s t i n c 1 1 y po. C'.cx n , ; ; s Lira ndmo t he r ^ s vja s 
t h o 1^ o 1 1 f^li 1 y <j iir i r:- 1 i a n • in r: t >'. ; • d o ' ' t J i ^ ■; 1 1 c ^ a t , 
close-l"ittin/'; ;jac':et, i''iad'irie Shabr'.nee, 
v/hose n-irie signified Ursa xiajor, she v/as 
named iron the "Great Diaper''' - v/ore a 
brir^it colored calico shirt, cut very lov7 
around her neclc, ^7it:: a'ide o-^en sleeves 
thr-:t slipped b;-i. ck to the elbov/s or shoulders 
in accord v/ith thr r-^otion of the ar'as. The 
'.■7i('e expanse of co^D-r co].ored nee?': v/r.s 
not cover-^d in ^^uaker style, it vas lav- 
ishly adorncKi \;ith a variety of exrn?ns"ive 
nee': "^.-^ces all v;orn at the time, a 
hu~e broach of silver-, curi;)usly vjrourlit 
and seven 1 inches in diameter, held iier 
shirt top;ether, her* ears uero brimihil of 
silver ear-bobs, nnd her brocid cloth kilt 
was draped around hei* in jkold.-. laiich 
Lirandmother did not hesitc'.te to declare 
v/ere more f^raceful than modest, Lrraud- 
mother's v:rap v.^s either a haaasome shc''i.'^, 
or else a sober mnntle of broadcloth, soj;ie- 
times throv/n i-x-adonna stylo over her Jiead 


- 1;" - 

as well as ho.; .shO'il(3oj-p . iiac^amc olui- 
banec's clo' !: v/a.s a scarAet blanket, 
urandnothor ' .s s o L't , .'•■ il y^^ , iro i-,^:;ray 
ha:lr wns no: tl .' braidoa into v. r.riall 
trcsn ; nd ti-.-d \/ith th : bl-'.' f:!: I'lbijori of 
vjido\/hood. ii^\dai'ie Shabanc(;'s thiclc blaclc 
hai'.-, coarse^ and lieavy ar a ho:'S(.''; tail, 
m-(k; a Ion-, hu^%^ vai.i ch v/.-.. docorato^d 
to trie; V 'ry end vrith silver cla:;ps ^^nd 
bound v.dth v;ide red rib bonp, • 

ohe v/as of Masculine; statur.:, arul nade 
a p:orc''eous pict'irc; viiiri oux- ,r:r;ind old 
fort;;pt trees v'or a baclcrroiuid . ;::>he has 
like the blar^; of a wafrn'';rian trunnet 
i7iad- vj.sible, .^ne in coup;, .'iron, 'ho v c^l-. 
lecv.ion of my dainty little "orunet' e, u:, . - 
con Grandiaother-, tellinr her ber.ds 0/ aer 
fire'::ide, se^^^.s like the eoft df'lic- te 
strains of the Hilysian field;.- .ind-. nte in 
Gluck's Oruheus, r.eard after tiie j.ide of 
the ValiCyrie, without diseassiji,fr the -'^ 

tast.s 03- pov;ers '^f discrii :in:i :.i ^n of Lhe -^ 
la 1 1 e r d -'j set 1 1 e r s , 1 v/i 1 1 j u s t . s t r ' t e 
thet tjiis ineian Drynhilde could never 
have \.-on the adiaira'^si ')n, or n Id trie 
he::rt of a 3a illy de Masse in. 

For elev 'n years u^andmoth^;r dv/eit 
with us at the old honc^stead, -jradually 
gruv/inr' nor^- ■. xvZ. moiv^ feoole; aei' laet 
illness V7i.s only a gradual sepci.r.-.ti )n of 
soul rnd body. Er. rly in t;ie ikarcli of 
I860, :;he net A/ith a i^lirht accident VTiiile 
returnia.p; froM a chai'cictei'iSv-ic errand of 
mercy and charity, bh.e sliy)p(;d in crjssin ;- 
the lainij not noticiiip- v "i:hj.ji ruiecit of ice 
lyin.'^ in the n.^th, vSh.. fell in ruch a .^ 

manr.'^r /is to jar her si:)ine; beia" t j ) old J 
for the forces of nature to rally, '.his 
was her death blovj. The annual i-iasr at 

1 t:-> 

the iioi.'iestc- d w.y?: delryod th.-it yo i', in 
hoiK-^ tiiai: uj-rndmothe • \/juld roi^v^iji siu'- 
ficicnt str.::n;:th t -^ bt pj'»^3 iit, uut siie 
nev: 2- did, ohe all tlui 1^.■.L, i-itr 
o" •!:. :'. cjiUi^cii ill trie s;ii:e i-oom, in '.;}\ich 
he.- liufb- nd oin rti.od his la^t in tiie 
p;-^;- c'f- o.' the Li-ix-d })U:in,; all lUidaj- a-: . d- 
ina, ,"-ha slc^-'^t iii uiiriat, ":h(;,' 1,'th djay 





id the delayed i-iasn 

V7aa said as lei^ Requiem, 

of a 

The luneral \7as as devoid 1 poi.ip, as 
her husband's \^p^.c. been, i:iy\: such i/as hei' 
V7ish, aai' tlie lea Gatiielics pr^.jaait at :i' 
burial, chiefl;; peasans of (a'le lai-'oa-ing 
clasoe::, i;ere t-)o iyjiorant to aa' 'rv^ciate 
the holinf'as of her- life, but the^ 
accepted their pastoi^'s declra'aai 
they v/er-' asralstin/: at the funer:.. 
f'reat Saint, 

Father Francis Lra/ler, at ti^at ti^io in 
-oiTirri.^^ cliai'-'o o ^'' th^; nis3i:ms tU'ni dej^end- 
i}!:'-: UT3on LaPorte, v.-as by no rie.aia prone 
to adopt c;.>nclusions b",sed upon ]::ystical 
propositions, not in tlie least die^-ree 
irriarinative , irat he declared that no had 
had supernatui\-.l l:nov/ledae of iier death, 
and r\ visitation assuring hiii oi' he^.- great 
holine.'-;S, and lie alv/ays insisted taa.t she 
x-70u"d On': day be nui;ibei"(}d an vng tlie canoH- 
ized saints. 

- J- )n- - 


Grr:iKljuoth:.\r \x\'.l left '-.r. , >ut iioth.n" 
did not m:'.kc any piNjp. .r'ai,:i uns for an ii.i- 
mediate rf-^tiirn to ohica/^o, a- a,cr frionda 
wished her to do, ^ho could n.)t, Tor zne 
v/:'S oolif^ed to ccf.le ii*:r .i.'t;:ar'a ];i0(ia:;t 
est,-:ae, consLstina' chiefly x<" tiie 
steaci in a*hich Gra.iicli.iOthoj- hai' reL^.inod 
only a life intcrast, aiid v/liich after /iC-:- 
c'eath v;a;' to be divided int ■ j'oar por- 
tions of equal value, but vsacii v;era thf.' 
condi/i^nis at the ti .e 01" inv (ji\ lichaothei- ' s 
demise, that tiier j ;"our oorti^jns v;e]^-; ra- 
solvad into tv;o. i .y riot/iar ha'' he^^ ovn'i 
shar-^, '-..n ■ that of her "ostar ristar, the 
onl y one to res pe ct Gr ■ : nd \ \o t lie a ^ a \-;i a. \ u ; s 
that the i-io}nest:erac' , hatllova'al. hv so laany 
sacr.'.d as ociati :>ns , choult' renain 'mdi- 
vidcf' in t le hand;- o'' the one v;ao \70uld 
preserve all its Liemories laost r^ lir^ious- 


1 hav'' alrT-^ad}'" /lentioned tJjc? attitude 
o^ iaiwt Hort^aise ' 8. husband to;/ai"d his 
wife's faiiiily, ^^nd the firii and fast nold 
he kept on her snare of tae rsailly e:jtate. 
He bou^fit the share apportioned to Aunt 
E s t h e r ^s c h i 1 d r ^'^ n at a n jra i jia 1 Vc ■ 1 1 la c i o n , 
v;hich they accepted ratiier than trouble 
themselves fartaer about tne aiatcei-o 
Grandnother enLrerted t jeni to return to 
her in fee siniple, their share )f trie home- 
stead; ttiis'they refusijd. In spite of the 
pre:-ent philosophy o'-' the tv/entietii cen- 
tury, vaiich bids us for;"et all sorrovj and 
all, I v/ill say tV;at Uncle V/histler 
v/ronred himsell' and .lir. children, x^'iV-n he 
strove so fiercely to forget all the joy 
and sorrov; of the past, he robbed tiiem 
of the fair st porti-m of tJieir }lerita;^e, 

- 1 

?■;> - 

when he depi^ivod tlici.i from the kno\7ltdr,o 
of tl'ie noble pur.oDr^'S, uhieh Iinci led oh^;ii- 
gr.'-'.nclprr.'ntn to b'.iild a lini :(; v;hich ou :hi: 
to enduiN.: :is l(.)n/- r..." thi-s c^trte slia'!.]- '^x- 
ist. ue denriv.^d theia of v/hat was of 
gre,- t(^r T^'icG th:in nnythi.n; th.;.t in broii 'lit 
frora afa"' of.", ';old, ditiriondf^ oi- rni)i< g, 
v/hen "iie re; '.red tiiom in irnoi-.-'nce ^f all 
that \i:\c, due r urandmotiTe:- , \^fiose r>li' lit- 
est v'ir,h oup;hL t, ) hav^' b 'on b.eld sacred 
b y a 11 / i ■: ~- d e r, c (- ; . d r- n t s , 

ihf"; bencii and bar of i-or;..r uoniit.y 
v'ere better in'oi^Med on natters at the 
homestead than tiieir prad'^cessors of 


O Lit 



ty yerrs before hc\d bf.jen, --.ari. their 
prevented Lrrandr;jther ^ a la'-o \:i.she3 
beirx-- entirely th\;arted, in sendin,; 
the commissionei's , chosen uo divide 
ho::ieGto;:;.d estate into tao jiOx'.ions 
equiil value, tjie v>ourt ordei-ad the c 
sion to be made so i.s to ..ivc; koth(;r the 
house and as much of tJie ei;dity aci'^a; on 
v/hich it stood, ;is \/ould co]isl:.ioUte i.n 
enuitr.ble one-hri.lf vrlue of ahe v/nole. 


-1 n V -; _ 

The men apoointed .jud;<:es of the divi- 
sion, reported th-it th(^ fine maple cOid 
beech f Oldest to xjth'.-r v/ith a yo^c field 
on the; er'St eiality aci-es, a^ere .•;n abun- 
dantly fnir offset to the ni 
the v/est hplf of tlie hr.)r^cste'^d ouarter 
sect '.on, adiicli u- s fpr more pictu.reS' 'a.e, 
but far less valuable than th;; a^st h: If, 
ihus iuother acquired a rirht in '"ee siriole 
to her fathfir's home, vfiila alio ijr ff lai^- 
in-lra- euickly nede an adv-intageous s- le 
of the other half. 

ijurin^r the sixteen years that elapsed 
betv/.'en my fa therms death- ana tlir-t of ny 
grandmother, f.other h:j.d gradually r^ald 
nearly all ^ji tae L.aid inh-^rited from :ier 

by ;■, }ius''r n:' ' 3 loviri " 

c rt. 

^'^ C'"^(^n t<\(^ fullo;;1 

.' p.O- 

iiroper'.n tr-v 1. 

- 1!36 - 

fathni'; shc: been j^^ruLk;}!!: in h.jr out- 
lays, one: ruiced by \./.Lsc.' advice, gImj h:^d 
bv?en abla to i.nVi.'St a port: on of t]'(' i-,onoy 
in i-7:'.y3 that brou-"ht hex- a nc>\t iittJ.e in- 
come, vaiicli nroiais^;d to incr.;:.G(- vaLta aii:o. 
In oi'dcr to comply Jioi- aiiidavit of 
contin^icd rca^ici ..aice , niadn :t tbo tii'h of 
the boLiGstCc'd di.vinirin, siio Ji:,(' to r'l.ain 
T't t;iG honest cad foi* a set toiTi, :':,v.[ rAie 
eir.ployed this toi-i:. of ycir-s in TiutLi. ay 
the hiusc anc'' pr'.aiises roiioj';:!!/ :i a tiior- 
ou'di i-OTiaii', looaini^ foia/a; d in tiie i.ean- 
tii'io to an ext aided sojouin abno-a: ; for 
thr: compensati ai v;!aLch si.''^ ^ ada to 'aa/sc^lf 
for haviny hcon forcac' to Icnw^ a a a lo ■■•ro- 
vlc'cd for hor 
was to yiv(^ h 
vnnt">-as o" iL 

The ''yraiaie tour'' haa not vat bean 
STiporGeded by the "par5^3n::lly con('uated 
toui'-,'' but rrilv^ays liavin^ in p;re/ t part 
taken the place of tlie older nethod:: of 
travel, narie it possible ./or ladier- unac- 
co^a^^nied by .yentlemon, lo fully enjoy 
the yreat plear-au'e vaiich t,]ie graade tour 
off6i-ad to caltivatpd Jni.nch- , and this 
pleasure v/as ^iv^^n her child en, a.s a 
recompense foi* havin- lost uheir ho/ic in 
the city. 

Three yeai's i/er-; i-enuiaed for tae di- 
vision of the pro-erty and the repairs 
made on the house; and oU'^buiidin/ 's. .it 
that tii;ie t lie re i;as no resident priest 
in tho villa ae of ualu]:iet, as the toaii of 
Chesterton \;p.3 then c-ll::d; tliere v/as, 
hov/ever, the small cnurch ali'c 'r.dy 
mentionerl, visited once a month by a 
priest from LaPoj-te, He caiae out' the 
first Sunday of each month, a ad on the 
other- tliree or four ^unrl-.ys of the month, 
the conr;rey tion at lar- t' Icept the dav 

- 1// - 

holy, rinyc'^.y by r'.^;: froiii t}u-:?".r J.ab)rn, 
Some thert-' v/ei'e vlio }u d .f-jiily ■:ornhlp or 
r ..:.',■ ci in i ^r i v." t ci t he pr .• yc. ; s ^ ' i ch 1 1 1 o y 
usually re-;.f^ dnrin'-'' nn.r.r^ , or ols.. L.h-">y 
C;r(:;i^illy rorun^d gomc^ r^'l:'. :':i ous ]■.■ }v}j"s 
or bookr. )x vSo.monG, bin; hnr, : !/• ;. ••.? in 
the inino;i'i;;v, -nd th^ y v'->-'.: decidodly dir- 
ar I'ovt^d 01 by t]\r. r : "C , .ho j'/^lc' b;i;:L 
my devo i)nr. , nei'Jor; .ed i;ltjLOi).t a ".^riert. 
pr '.^ent, uoro a sort o? sacrile-:(:. 

In nothin-^ moro than in tliin ratoi.T 
xniC: th'' dif.'eronce bet\;oon tiio r-'i one .:r 
oatholicr3 the Iwv/or clasr oT ii,;iii- 
grant L.atholics rnoi'-- stron'-;ly ];:-r.aui. 1 
think the cl^rp;y o;:' ':h;-;t d; y r- co-aiJ.v^od 
a no honor -d tho pie^y of tao piono^^r 
^nt h o 1 i c a , b 1 it c o n s i d! o- ■ d t iia. c • • iva '.once 
raraii'O/d of taon not uo int(^i-f ca;.' lalth 
th-- ido..s of tho .">trierso .-ill pionor.r 
u.'-.tlinl-' en d. li.^^ditod in tiro full caij ;y- 
ni-'^nt oj' their whri3ti<a"i arivil(\a^a, yh: 
when depriv d ■)f then, '.li'^y understood 
hov^ to spOiid oundn.y rever'-aatly in the 
ab^^ence of cloor'-Vo 

Af3 I hav ■* sale- befo^-^ •, ny Mother ali"^ ys 
retired into I'ler oi/n ro ^ i on Ijund^-y no-a.- 
in:^-, ^n:'. so riid ny sist r, /alTter Gi-\'^nd- 
motherU; de.- tli, e-^ ch on- ^f as sou "at 
the retir rient of ' s roon, 
kept in thiO sane order as dui'inp; licae life:- 
tiiae, tiiere to puiasue our Sunday devo- 
tions, Sonetines, thour;h not ^^Iv/eys, it 
happened the t ue ell i :et there at tae -sane 
hour, the habit v/as wholly unsu,r-!;yested, 
coninr- to one of us as r) sort oi in- 
spirati vn. One Sunday mornin, ; aiien a-e ell 
V7ere in there together, Mother unfolded 
a plan to us \;hich she heai foi'iaed oi con- 
vertin.'^' the building into an oratoryo i.:e 
cotta'a-} v;as in a ruinous ste. to, but the 

Swenir.h c: o" 'cuit.c • i.-lir^ h; u rnid'O'^ dc-d in 
roT'airin;': vAu- rcsiciPiicf' , ea.'^e?'ly e^iiA^-.d 
into tho ido;\, ;,j,(: loo::in, ; the buj_lninr 
ovnr, bf,/--u to t'lan it;;; ro(jonGi:r .ct.ion, 
cinr vjc: yierr> ^Ol dolif:hLnc! vitl; tiu- idc:^' , 
.!t W/-S noces'-ary to te r tjh> buildirr- 
dovTi, 'Oi-,- to t-;:n it aunrt, t) --nt 
ria oT tb.'-; docay, noiir-. o"' tha lo,^'-;- h/ni 
to no dire- '■('Of] rlto'^-atii ^.^ ^ -^y ^u,. ^^^.y 
rot h;-c; to I).- cut out, )r ra-i\'od nut o.?"' 
oth^T,-. i^o:/ tiiionrs VKa-" oul:. for tho 
lo'jr^r roui-id, ;■ n'" a r-)od brio": tounf'a\;ion 
vr s l;ad for tb'^r-i tcj raat a an, 

_Thia took i^l: co in th;^ crri-- autuiin or 
It^o^ -bil- V.' a-r iir^al:a-- J'in-a praTv.:-.)_ 
tiona I'or oua aeaartur.;. ..a xi^uaoae, ^ i'j^r 
3;ior ^ sariouG 2.:att>;r tliun it aould be naa. 
I^rrri--:bar v/all aiie raoaniii>-; v;han Uie-jo 
tiiii^^a'a and lo' g lyin^; strea-i around, and 
in i^loG, ii^et tna ^eyoG of iJiGhoa Luai's , 
when ha Cr'.riif: to [rive us If-xiG. ^'Oaci on our 
travcla. It v;<,s a beautiful (!^; y in tiia 
secou'; v:aek of Octo'.)er. V/a ji^al s(^on iiiii 
early in the -aO'/'nin^- ir tv^o uarisJi chui'cii, 
but tiiat v/as noc a-ouah for ^jishop Luors , 
vrho v:aG tho parson:!.! i'riuad of evury i lei ;- 
ber oi h±r. spa:rGaly sattioc^ dioceGO, I 
shall nc:.var loraet hia look o:' ciianay, as 
he surveyed the apparent riain; he turned 
ai\^ay froiii tlia front door^^ard, and cane 
around to th'.- rcri- of the housr?, v/hera v:e 
were; buay get tiny rid of tiia ve^.-tirea of 
our niorninp; rieal so as to havc^- the dininp; 
room soriev:hat fit to rnceiv'. the visit of 
v/hisii v/e had been noti'ied, the mrlor be- 
in.?*, out '^f the quo'-tion, as it v/a.G the 
scene of our travellina prv:parations . 

■'V/hat (toes all this raeani" he ex- 
clr iii'd, "siu^ily you a;'- not r;oina to de- 
stroy yom- Grandi.10 therms housv , tiia crdl 
v/here she spent the last and uoliast ycarc 
of her holy' life?" 

- 13'^- 

"Oh, Bir.liop," iny sister and mycolf 
exclnii'.*^d in .mo voIcg, "Motliri' is li.ivinr; 
it rebuilt for a chapel. lou v;ill J. ike 
that, v'onM: youV" 

Motjmr then Crine rorv/ard and cx|;)lainod 
the pl;n, addint" tli^^t the cr.r '^cnitfn;^, Jolm- 
son, and his v;ifc- both Icnov; Grr'.ndinother 
v^oll, and a^i^reciated hei.- virti^o", t'lero- 
fore he v/ould tal:e very ,p;reat nains v.dtli 
the rebuildinf^ o.f hor }ie]-mita'"e, ;.lthour': 
not a oatholic, 

Biphop Lners iHun-irkcd tiiat he had per- 
ceivd Johnson \n-.3 not a Cat lolic Avliich 
thravj the rood man into .p:i"oai: constei^na- 
ti.on, .frorn fer'.r that he had been ;{;iiilty of 
soriie lack of resTM::;ct to a Ciiuj cu dir';ni- 
tary, iu0th^-;r reassn.r':.'d nim by sayinr, 
that liatiiolics al^■alyvS reque t.;d their 
bisjiop's ble.:Ein(;-, a.nrl that jiis omission 
to do so made it appar-v.nt that ho was 
not of our uhni^ch. 

Johnson replied very nicely to th^e ef- 
fect thr.t in Sweden they asi^eci tnuir Disii- 
op^ to bless tj^cJi, that he had undei-stood 
that ■'.he gentleman v'as a Bishop, ev-'n be- 
fore a'-e rreeted him, but thet he had not 
as]:e^._ for a blessinr;, not J:noan'.n,~ if Catiio^ 
lies did that, and doubt inr il' he, beinc^ 
a l-'rotesta]it, our- Disliop would blass h±n, 

"My rood man, • said tlie Bisliop, "I 
pray for vou daily, v.rhy should l not v;ish 
to bless YOU ah en every day 1 pray es- 
pecially fo^-^ all those' who* dv/ell v;ithin " 
the boundaries of my diocese? And I do 
not ston to 5:'.y onl^^ the uat'iolics oi* 
except the rroeestants, i^at I ask God to 
bless y}u all, every one of you." 

- 11) u - 

Thi ■ bror'.d nindod p.nd kind r ^nly put 
Johnson at t^ase in n. I'lOiviont , and \;ith liis dir.r :ard o.f convontionalitius , 
jtJisiion Lurrs seat -d lii:ir,olf on a pile of 
lo^-.-. to discus;- the si; -pie plan of the 
bnildini" with the Cc\rpe;it(a-, ^i.ivin.r: a .I'ev: 
hints and aalzinr- a fev suf,f;;estions , and 
assentiru; aerrovin!^\ly to Johnson's plans. 
AS lie p^rosc. iron the seat lie Ivid tr-:en 
on t:ie pile of tinberr , ho reisid nis 
ha nd s in b 1 e r. s i n p; , s a y i n^; , ' ' I h r^a rt :■ 1 y 
aj^^rovc: o.f t;iis undo, ta.kin^r, tlio blessin[; 
of God is on it, ane 1 Pox'esevj tJiat it 
will bo op great spiritual adv^^itape , not 
only to yoTi:'-selv,:S , but to i.-iany other-s,'' 
and tarninr: to Johnson, he added, ''and 
yon, tc^o, r]y good jn:.n, ]:iay crod bless you, 
your ^.jife, and all p- )ur faiaily,' 

I feel th'-^t a fe\7 v.'ords des crintive of 
J-Jisiiop Lu-rs as ire ]:ne'' hiiM, v^'rald ^rouoj-l]/ 
en- ■• into tlie storv 'f th<-- Homestead, fo^^ 
he vja^- its friend, its last friend, xie 
understood and revered tJie purposes ' C itr 
erecti')n, e s no ^.ne since trln Ik;s. ev u* 
done; h- respected, and r..>ve;ac;d the uatho- 
lics oP pioneer- drys, he rejoiced in their- 
piety anci in th^ir intinate knov.^ledpe of 
Catholic doctriu'' , ..hile he felt a :.ost 
profound symv;athy for the irirai[:r;-nt oa; ho- 
lies, ond f^ave all iiis enej-pjes to the 
ai-ielioration of their spirit ..^1 destitu- 
tion, ror the latter v;ere destitute spiri- 
tUc'lly a'" v/ell as temporally; they CcU le 
f.-om countries v'her'^- they had been accus- 
tomed to pray in vrell-built churches, :aid 
to be in the ijay of e.aily recourse to 
th"ir clergy in all the perplexitit :. of 
their souls, they could not v:ithout great 
dif''iculty be a lav; unto thems dvjs , 
and they \je:,-e unv;illing to receive a.dvice 
oj- instr 'Ction from an^^one but a nriest, 
so that their ru.pnriors anon-- tlie laitv 

covilrl flo notliin^" 1'.o n. id thorn to \.^or!c ont 
their .snlvn.tion; "i ]i thin thoy \j<?.rr in a 
norn T>itiful cojichi. fvi >n than t)io poor'!:.5t 
Indirn nooDhyt*^ ov;)}^ had boeri. )n Luc^rs not these diff iciO-ties 
not onl'*'' by endeavors to foi^n nev' p;rrir;}ir^s , 
as raoidl"' • s he coiti.d ootain })rie::i'.r> to 
serve tliei.i, bu!: also by extoiidinp; his 
personal inflnencn into every Catholic 
liousehold in his di.)C.:se, he w:',s at no 
pains to bed'-e hiiiis .If a^'ound vjnth even 
a shadov^ o:*' that divin:j.t^^ \/a.!ch sopar:.tos 
the D'.'O'O-O from tl'bir ral'..:'rs, yet as the 
car'-ontoi- iiad said, eve yono C-.aild see at 
firrt plance th^t Ik. v/as n-'t only a pries b 
buL a Bish. ,'p. lie vz-'S rl\J::y3 a 
gcntleiiian, I'trsoectinj" the conventio]i:ilities 
vdien needful, an;^ Ccisti;- • then a.:ide \7hen 
thv:y vje.Ci: only impediiu^ii'^s o 

As he sut on the lor talking to car- 
penter Johnson, there v/as n >t tae slio-ht'jsL 
trece of an3''thiny that anyone could have 
called comiion, he sat there the sane 
ease ^nd dip-nity that i' befittinr the 
canopied th:'one in the Cathedral . 

as vje fathered round Jiin in oiw sit tiny 
room, he v/as in oui^ mic'.st like a true fatii- 
er v/ith his cn.ildren; his farev/ell was 
linp-e-j-in-^':, he conversed v/ith one, and then 
v/ith anovher, ane as he tu.rned av/-;y iron 
the house, he gave a last lingering look 
all .-round,- did he haV'3 a pr^^sentiiaent 
that vie v/ould never neet a[:ain on earth? 
Pe r h.a p s o T\ /o y e ci r s 1 a t e x • , " i ^h i 1 e in G e r - 
many, vie heard of his sudden death. 

V/hen v/e returned home afte • a five 
years sojourn in i^uro e, v/e found the 
cha'^el completed, and as ce.rpentor Jorm- 
son had promised as, v/e could look ct it 

- ion - 

extri'nally and ent ' ■ innide r^'oliii;' that 
it VMS (irandi'iothor' r, li(3\ir,<--. The .)nt;'ide 
si.'iircaso v/.-vs no l')i\:'' r tiier-;, : .n6 the 
structuro V7as lov;er, but ar i/h(^ fcTr/.;r(^ 
of a r.i'^cond story v;:.s >:jraitted. , it v'- r 
hi^'h nnoiic^h for a ch-a^''*--!. Th«a intr--.'ior 
v.vir- rJ..->pt,'r-'Xi , -'nc^ ^the flooj'in'^ '.'rom tlie 
\i. r • Gtor^.A h (1 r(;M)laccd the old, decayed 
floor- o'' the lov:'^:^ rooii. Car-pent or Je^hn- 
son had for the sa'-e u' his V7if -^ ' s he:- 1th 
emigrated to Kansas, crr-]'3n.n- \jith hin tlie- 
Bish'^^ri's bltjssij]^", bm: tiie charel v;as his 
gr e o t i ni~ , v/el c or.ii n ^ ns i i oi le , 

V/e also had a ^;r'-^otin,r; fron ijishop 
Luers in his f;ift to hi\e oratory, a no at 
wooden altar built sonev/hat accord.,.nj;j to 
the lin..s of a sarco])ha,^:us , in Monory o.f 
the cr. t;:conbs. It aad served in one oi 
th^r temporary p'-risli churches of zha d.i/.'- 
cese, ru'id uishop Luers \7h0sc. sentiiiients 
of reverence tov/ards am/1:hin'^ tiiat had 
been put to use for reli-;,.ous purr,oses , 
had rescued it froii the scra.p- f^ile, nad 
ordered it pla.ced in oui' chapel. 

rhe Sisters of hrovidence hac^ ,riven 
the l)ell of old bt , llary^s Academy, vhose 
by no means unmusicvl voice Ir^.d in lon,p: *■ 
years nast, sur^moner! their first puoils 
to their studies, and repruleted theii- -^c- 
cupetions. .-'e found it hr-n^'ii.ip: at t]ie 
gable point over tiie door, under the lU'o- 
.I'ecting shelter r);f" the roof, \fnich ha.d 
been extended on all sides so as to -oro- 
tect tiie 1op:s as i)Mch as jjossible^f rom 
the deca-'-inc: influences of tin. v/eat;i-?r, 
L-'ter on, ixOtlier caused a very pictiu-eseaie 
belfry to h ■ added to the; structure. 

- ].(/' - 

\ie roturnrM' Troia rjuro])p l''den iilth 
genuino souveni-vs oi' ti\:\V(-l, m: ny o." then 
of a I'C'lirious nature, ; ii-' fur ; lf^]i;; oi.:c 
thes'' i>ioiis 1 u rii-rRwOGs oi\'!:ii"nurc! t:'(^ \7alls 
of i:]]o" chnrel, until rno hanci of t:..:.^' 
havin'*: dectro;'ed i.hf;ir b'^-'irty, •:)rr'' \jcr.^ 
rc'vc-r-. ■ntf y ]vrfa-d lu^^ / u'l iaia avjay. 

ilr^i't"- pro otltei^ ana ''..:. ':,er alt.- ra ".ions 
to '.'a^ c]ia]')r:l, for ^:hon 1 i)ecana aal'- iiia- 
tr'-r;- -^f t';o nOi .astruul, r.a):, ara ■n nnth anc' ch- ■•- 1 v/ero naalful, in r^'yaii'- 
in ' the liaia', 1 "^'o]J-'^"ax'!, r,c audi ja aos- 
sl'Oa^ ]]y r:ranriii thcr ' s oialf'^inal ^"O.aas, ra - 
tain-'n'-: nany f ■ rvlliar f^^ tur ^s r-i.d aniy 
i-a'-dar: auf-li cla^n'- a aa ttv,. n!Ccaaiti--.G 
and 1) ira''^vcMc3 .tr. 01 mock: n l^fe reraaj- d, 
oori*:^ o" old a:a':eri; 1 iiaa to be- r-r- 
placaa by aav;; aliia olci a.avfr:ial j- as'.d 
in the r-prir of tia^ c!ia"'al, a ;C:'iaa. of 
tlie ravea'eaCG 1 f elt .f oi' tae j;aa.;jialj :''or 
it cr.i'.o frori tha anions aiiao aaa_ baun .:a;:d 
for uivine Service » The lor laifaera u on 
v/jiidi obo flaora oj' thaae r >o:.:S rr-aa-a, 
the heavy ('Oa.l flo .)]-iny , c;;.'. fully ; a( e 
over, thri :.'hitevar)d ceiliu./': oi' tae rooM in 
VJiich Masa ueab t;) i;a celebrat-ea , all 
found their al-ces in tiie chai^ele 

The flooriar; gov.::- a n^^t only the oriy- 
inal chaael L'lo.)r but li\:eaise the floor 
and rlatforr.i in a little £ipse, \aiich 1 
caused to be or It out 'if the lop; rafte::-s 
and ceiled ■•:ith tlie aid i/iiitr:iJO d ceilin,^; 
of the hone a t^^ ad parlor, -nc: alao ta be 
wainscoted ari th oah from the lambej- of the 
v^hite oaks in the old caiiainy p;reve, vaiei'O 
tr^'-ea r^ro never cua clean, sr^ve v;]ien atruch 
bv li'^;-. 

- ID/;, - 

T"ri. :' little s- nctii"^^y oc^'lp>:.c^. t'lo 
sit" >f ttio olf' chiiin.'-'V ''ir 'i^l.-) (^e \/!"('h 
stood ar^rinst thn outsic'o of tiio old build- 
ing v/hen Gr,:ndfrither occupied it. Tiio 
pi:: ce v,":'iore it oprjior] into i.Jif: roori i'ad ■:■.!- 
v;ays boon viriblo fi-c/i:) thf^ oiit5:.ido ,>!' the 
buildinr, even ai'tc^r it \j:\3 i.'-ebiiiit an a 
ch'M^el , TT. v.^.ll oj> t 1', (ioor\;ay If" < '.~iii\ 
into tb-o in^;''e;;' vStory, cl )r;C:ly fitting 
b o.-^ rd s h.- \ V i nr; b 1 o c ire d ir.^ 1 1 : o s ,';;'■' f •■ . 1 n 
front of thic doorv::,.y, a craicif ixi ai 
shrine ]:ac boon built unCj^r tuo br'i;"r;/, 
coaied iron r. era ]^hoto^ ■..•.. rl'i oi' a \;,..,;3idc 
shri^io ,''t iJuyvSbourr;, no, .i' Biair. r-cls • 

One oiJiOr Iop; baildiii,; only, rr .i lay 
clra.].! to a varitable anti^aiity, zr^c little 
storrh/^us^^ bnilt on tiic lavni iVf Lri\aid- 
f;^thea r:.)!' t a UG^' oi t':o Inrarar, -a^ it 
has been suhjected to tji'" sane ■■u'oci-'ss of 
repair'^ nsthe ch-'pol; it is yreatly di- 
ifiinirdied in size, but it s^^rvc^s v^'ay "'ell 
aF5 a little st-oreroom for r^rrdfin tools, 
/mothoj" larre, tv/o-rooned tv'o-storied lo;-; 
bu.ildin''^' is composed of tJi;.' remnarits of 
^irand]:r-ther^G d:- iv'y-b>Mis ; • jai Grandfather ^ s 
tool -horse. It i-;as put up to preserve the 
unities of the lands c^^oe 133^ 'bnaiishia.'-^- a 
coivipanion buildinf; to the cliapel, from 
v/h i ch , ii 01 /ever, it is e nt i r c 1 y s e p<a r : \ •;;. e , 
beina at soi^e distance froa tlie house, 
one of its rooms is occupied by the ser- 
vant, v/ho a Gs ac night v/atch for tlie 
prei :ises. 

Nov; I have told the story of tiie home- 
stead and of tlie old buildinas i/hich still 
remain on its premises. If I have dvjelt 
too briefly u^^on t he thin^-;s i/hich kive 
happened thoi-e during my o\:n lifetime, it 
is because tlir-/ do n )t belorxa to tlic 

lo'j - 

St or .' o.r t ' 1 1 lo; ;v'! c i'- .. <■ . d , hiv'c \ ic i- o 1 1 :■• . c 1 y 
thiiir;" lici ■'poi]ed to luj v/lion t^■;: lij:.ic~ 
st::.d received >\c to it:, h' Itui-. l:.;. o'.rx'x 
hir-wory vns flninhcal A;hon Gr^.iidMOtj'i^i- 
Icit it to acoc-t a 1\o:ac :'oi' lier uld :i;;c 
in ixaclciii'ic , .:'o:' t'li'tn it ce: r'cd to Tuirill 
tho T)urposo ■.■•!.' it;^ 'erection , jic^v^.!- a.;\iiii 
did it s^^rve aji a place oi' [.iijlic : e '.if^.iour 

Perhaps in later ye.-jT. , 1 riay tell ar.~ 
othev r;ener ti^^n Ivy.: td'-^c.;' v:]\.j c'\:e\-;: jierc 
in the ye:: re ir;inedia.tely Tollovin;; Ldonoi-r 
da "J^, struf" -l', ci throu-di all their"^ dif .^'i- 
culties and niGt'dres, into t]\''' vrariaus guc- 
ces es \;hicj^ croaJYied "i.ha ef-Ccrtt: o? iie^t a. 
them, but -t'a/.t tii :e ie not nov, iiiatory 
is not ii^de in one or ta^o acaicratiovis, 
but rer-in , . o nany riocaderj of --o-rs to put 
ii:s problei:i5: in sucli sha^^-e tiait th-::/ my 
be reasonably solved, aad lib vria^: ere 
v/e lay bare tao secrets of tiie -aat, v:g 
must be snr , that \/e -ir not roin;- go 
wound the he-.rts of tlie livira;. 

F I I! 1 3