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The Glenn Negley Collection 
of Utopian Literature 

The Voyage to thc~\foKLD in me Moon. 

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O F 


T O T H E 

WORLD in the MOON. 


An Account of the Maud of St. Hellena; thePlacewherp 
he refided fome Years in, and where he planned this 
Wonderful Voyage ; his entering on Board one of the 
Homeward-bound Eaji-India Ships for Spain; their run- 
ning on the Rocks near the Pike of lenerffi to avoid 
an EngUJh Squadron of Ships, that were in Purfuit of 
the Spanijb Fleet ; Gvnfaleshad juftTime to fix his Ma- 
chine, which carried him in Safety to the Pike of Tene- 
rlffi, having refted his Ganfas on the Mountain, whence 
was purfued by the Savages j when giving the Signal to 
his Birds, they arofe in the Air with him for their Jour- 
ney to the Moon : The wonderful Apparitions and De- 
vils he met with in his Progrefs ; their Temptations to 
him, which he avoided, and their fuppiying him with 
choice Provifions ; his leaving this Helliih Crew, and 
proceeding on his Voyage to the Moon ; his fafe Arrival 
there ; the Manners, Cuftoms, and Language of the 
Emperors, Kings, Princes and People : His fhort Stay 
there, to the great Grief of the Lunars ; the ineftimable 
Prefents in Jewels the Author received at his Departure ; 
his repairing to our Earthly Globe again, and was fet 
down in China bji his Birds ; his being taken for a Ma- 
gician by the Country People, and preferved from their 
Fury by a Chinefe Mandarin ; his going aboard an India 
Ship bound to Europe', his fafe Arrival in his own Coun- 
try,where he made his Difcoveries to the King of Spain, 
who held feveral Cabinet Councils to deliberate on 21 
proper Ufe to be made of thefe Difcoveries. 

With a Defcription of the Pike of 7enerijf, as travelled up 

by fome EngUJh Merchants. 



Printed by John Lever, Bookfeller, Stationer, and Print- 
feller, at Little Moorgate, next to London Wall, near Moor- 
/fldf. 1768. . 

[Price One Shilling.] 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2010 with funding from 
Duke University Libraries 

[-3 ] -UTOP//^ 



O F 


T O T H E 

WORLD in the MOON, 

B Y T H E 

Several Ganza's, or Large Geese. 

BEFORE I come to relate our extraordinary 
Voyage of Domingo Gonzales to the World 
in the Moon, I will make a Halt at St. Hel- 
lens, or Hellena, which is now pofleft by the Ho- 
nourable Eaft-India Company. It is called the Sea 
Inn, becaufe the Englijh and other Nations flop 
there as a Place for Watering and Refrefhment in 
their long Voyages to India. It was formerly feiz- 
ed by the Dutch, but retaken May 6th, 1673, by 
Captain Munday, with a Squadron of Englijh Ships, 
and three rich Dutch Eafi India Ships made 
Prizes in the Harbour ; fincc which the Company 
have fortified and fecured it, agaihft any future 
Invafion of Dutch, Portuguefe, or Spaniards. It 
was called Santa Helena by the Portuguefe, who 
difcovered it on St, Hellenes Day, being dpril 2. 

B There 

4 The Voyage and Adventures 

There is no Ifland in the World fo fardiftant from 
the Continent or main Land as this. It is about 
fixteen Leagues in Compafs, in the Ethiopic Sea ; 
in 1 6 Degrees of South Latitude ; about 1500 
Miles from the Cape of Good Hope ; 360 from An- 
gola in Africa; and 510 from B raffle in America* 
It lies high out of the Water, and furrounded on 
the Sea-coafts with fteep Rocks, having within 
many Cliffs, Mountains and Vallies, of which 
one is named Church-Valley ', where behind a fmall 
Church they climb up to the Mountains. To the 
South is Apple-Dale, fo called from the abundance 
of Oranges, Lemons, and Pomegranates enough 
to furnifh five or fix Ships. On the Weft- fide of 
the Church, Ship's have good Anchorage clofe un- 
der the Shore, to prevent the Winds which blow 
fiercely from the adjacent high Mountains. 

The Air feems temperate and healthful, fo that 
fick Men brought afhore there, in a fhort Time 
recover •, yet the Heat in the Vallies is as intole- 
rable as the Cold upon the Mountains •, it com- 
monly rains there five or fix Times a Day, fo that 
the Barrennefs of the Hills is not occasioned for 
the want of Water, of which it hath twoorthiee 
good Springs for furnifliing Ships with frefh Wa- 
ter ; the Ground of its own Accord brings forth 
wild Peafe and Beans, alfo whole Woods of O- 
range, Lemon, and Pomegranate Tr^es, all the 
Year long, laden both with Blofibms and Fruit, 
good Figs ; abundance of Ebony and Rofe-trees, 
Pai-fly, Muftard-feed, Purflain, Sorrel, and the 
like j the Woods and Mountains are full of Goats, 
large Rams, and wild Swine, bur difficult to be 
taken. When the Portuguefe difcovered it, they 
found neither four-footed Beafts nor Fruit-trees, 
but only frefh Water ; they afterward planted 
Fruit-trees, which fo increafed fince, that all the 



Of Domingo Gonsales. 5 

Vallies ftand full of them •, Partridges, Pigeons, 
Moor-hens, and Peacocks breed here numeroufly, 
whereof a good Markfman may foon provide a Din- 
ner for his Friends. On the ClifF-IQands, on the 
South, are thoufands of grey and black Mews, 
or Sea-Pies, and white and coloured Birds, fome 
with long, others with fhort Necks, who lay their 
Eggs on the Rocks, and fuffer themfelves to be 
taken with the Hand, gazing at their Surprizers, 
till they are knocked on the Head with Sticks. 

From the Salt-water beating againlt the Clifts 3 
a Froth or Scum remains in fome Places, which 
the Heat of the Sun fo purifies, that it becomes 
white and good Salt; fome of the Mountains yield 
Bole Armoniac, and a fat Earth like Terra Lemnia. jm£ 
The Sea will anfwer the Pains of a patient Fifh- ^^ 
erman, who muft ufe an Angle, not a Net, be- 
caufeof the foul Ground and beating of the Waves;, 
the chief are Mackrel, Roach, Carp, but diffe- 
ring in Colour from thofe among us ; Eels as big. 
as a Man's Arm, and well tafted Crabs, Lob- 
fters, Oyfters and MufTels as good as Englifh.. 

It is in this Ifland that the Scene of that notable 
Fancy, called, The Man in the Moon, or a Dif- 
courfe of a Voyage thither, by Domingo Gonfales is I 
laid, written by a learned Bifhop, faith the inge- 
nious Bifhop Wilkins, who calls it a pleafant and * 
well contrived Fancy, in his own Book, intituled,, 
A Difccurfe of the New World, tending to prove- r 7 
that it is poffible there may be another habitable World* 
in the Moon ; wherein among other curious Argu- 
ments he affirms, that this hath been the ffirecr. O- ie 
pinion of divers antient, and fome modec&Mathe- !? 
maticians, and may probably be deduced from 
the Tenets of others, neither does it contradict 
any Principle of Reafon nor Faith ;. and that as 
their World is our Moon, fo our World is theirs. / 
B 2 Nov* 1S 

6 The Voyage and Adventures 

Now this fmall Trad having lb worthy a Per- 
fon to vouch for it, and many of our Englijh Hif- 
torians having publifhed for Truth, what is almoft 
as improbable as this, as Sir John Mandavil'm his 
Travels and others, and this having what they are 
utterly deftitute of, that is, Invention mixed with 
Judgment ; and was judged worthy to be Licenfed 
fifty years ago, and not fince reprinted, whereby 
it would be utterly loft. I have thought fit to 
repubiifh the Subftance thereof, wherein the Au- 
thor fays he does not defign to difcourfe his Rea- 
ders into a Belief of each particular Circumltance, 
but expects that his new Difcovery of a new World, 
may find little better Entertainment than Columbus 
j|had in his firft Difcovery of America, though yet 
that poor Efpial betrayed fo much Knowledge as 
hath fince increafed to vaft Improvements, and 
the then Unknown is now found to be of as large 
Extent as all the other known World ; that there 
fhould be Antipodes was once thought as great a 
Paradox, as now that the Moon mould be habitable. 
But the Knowledge of it may be referved for this 
our difcovering Age, wherein our Virtuofi can by 
their Telefcopes gaze the Sun into Spots, and def- 
cry Mountains in the Moon. But this and much 
more muft be left to the Critics, as well as the 
following Relation of our little Eye-witnefs and 
great Difcoverer, which you mail have in his own 
Spanijb Stile, and delivered with that Grandeur 
and Third of Glory, which is generally imputed 
to that Nation. 

It is known to all the Countries of Andaluzia, 
that I Domingo Gonjales was born of a noble Fa- 
mily in the renowned City of Seville. My Fa- 
ther's Name being Tberando Gonfales, near Kinfman 
on the Mother's Side to Don Pedro Sanches the 
worthy Count of Almanera, my Mother was the 


Of Domingo Gonsales. 7 

Daughter of the famous Lawyer Otho Perez de 
Sallaveda, Governor of Barcellona, and Corrigidoroi 
Bifcay; I being the youngeft of feventecn Chil- 
dren, was put to School, and defigned to the 
Church ; but Heaven purpofing to ufe my Service 
in Matters of far another Nature, infpired me 
with fpending fome Time in the Wars ; it was at 
the Time that Don Ferando, the renowned Duke 
If Alva, was fent into the Low Countries in 1568. 
I then following the Current of my Defire, leavino- 
the Univerfity of Salamanca, whither my Parents 
had fenc me, without giving Notice to any of my 
Friends, got through France to Antwerp, where 
I arrived in a mean Condition. For having fold 
my Books, Bedding, and other Things, which 
yielded me about 30 Ducats, and borrowed twenty 
more of my Fathers Friends ; I bought a little 
Nag, wherewith I travelled more thriftily than 
ufually young Gentlemen do, till arriving within a 
League of Antwerp, fome of the curfed Guefes fee 
upon me, and bereaved me of my Horfe, Money, 
and all ; fo I was forced through NeceiTity to enter 
into the Service of Marfhal Coffey a French Noble- 
man, whom I ferved in an honourable Employ, 
though mine Enemies, to my Difgrace affirm, I 
was his Horfe-keeper's Boy ; but for that Matter, 
I refer myfelf to Count Mansfield, and other Per- 
fons of Condition, who have often teftified to many 
worthy Men, the very Truth of the Bufinefs, which 
indeed was this, Monfieur Coffey being about this 
Time fent to the Duke U 'Aha, Governor of the 
Low Countries, he informing the Nobility of my 
Birth, and my late Misfortune, judging it would 
be no fmall Honour to him to have a Spaniard of 
that Quality about him, furnifhed me with a 
Horfe, Arms and whatever I wanted, ufino- my 
Service,- after I had learned French, in writing his 


8 The Voyage and Adventures 

Letters, becaufe my Hand was very fair. In time 
of War, if upon NeceflUy, I fometimes drefied my 
ou n Horfe, I ought not to be reproached there- 
with, fmce I count it the part of a Gentleman to 
fubmit to the vikfl Office for the Service of his 

The firft Expedition I was in, was when the 
Marfhal my Friend met the Prince of Orange 
making a Road into France, and forced him to fly 
even to the Walls of Cambray : It was my good 
Fortune to defeat a Trooper, by killing his Horfe 
with my Piftol, who falling upon his Leg, could 
not ftir, but yielded to my Mercy ; I knowing my 
own Weaknefs of Body, and feeing him a lufty 
tall Fellow, thought it the fureft Way to difpatch. 
him, which having done, I plundered him of a 
Chain, Money, and other Things to the Value of 
200 Ducats. This Money was no fooner in my 
Pockets, but I refumed the Remembrance of my 
Nobility, and taking my Audience of Leave from 
Monfieur Coffey, I inftantly repaired to the Duke 
D' diva's Court, where divers of my Kindred fee- 
ing my Pocket full of good Crowns, were ready 
enough to acknowledge me : By their means I was 
received into Pay, and in Time obtained Favour 
with the Duke, who would fometimes jeft a little 
more feverely at my Perfonage than I could well 
bear, for though I muft acknowledge my Stature 
is fo little, as I think no Man living is lefs, yet 
fmce it is the Work of Heaven and not my own* 
he ought not to have upbraided a Gentleman there- 
with ■, and thofe glorious Things that have hap- 
pened to me may evince, that wonderful Matters 
may be performed by very unlikely Bodies, if 
the Mind be good, and Fortune fecond our En- 


Of Domingo GonsaleS; £ 

Though the Duke's Jokes a little difgufted me, 
yet I endeavoured to conceal my Refefitment, and 
accommodating myfelf to fome other of his Hu- 
mours, I was fo far interefted in his Favour, that 
at his going into Spain, whither I attended him, 
by his Kindnefs, and other Accidents, wherein 
by my Induftry I was feldom wanting to myfelf, 
I was able to carry home 3000 Crowns in my 

At my Return, my Parents, who were extremely 
difturbed at my Departure, received me with Joy, 
Which was increafed, becaufe they found 1 had 
brought wherewith to maintain myfelf without be- 
ing chargeable to them, orlefifeningthe Portions of 
my Brothers and Sifters. But doubting I would 
fpend it as lightly as I got it, they follicited me td 
marry the Daughter of John Figueres, a considera- 
ble Merchant of Lifbon, to which I complied, and 
putting my Marriage Money, and good Part of 
my own into the Hands of my Father, I lived like 
a Gentleman many Years very happily: At length 
a Quarrel arifing between me and Pedro Delgades, 
a Gentleman and Kinfman of mine ; it grew fo 
high, that when no Mediation of Friends could pre- 
vail, we two went alone with our Swords into the 
Field, where it was my Chance to kill him, tho* 
a ftout proper Man ; but what I wanted in Strength 
I fupplied in Courage, and my Agility counter- 
vailed for his Stature. This being acted in Car- 
mona, I fled to Lifbon, thinking to conceal myfelf 
with fome Friends of my Father-in-Law, till the 
Bufinefs might be accommodated ; at which Time, 
a famous Spanijh Count coming from the Weft-In- 
dies, publifhed triumphant Declarations of a great 
Victory he had obtained againft the Engli/h near 
the IJle of Pines, whereas in reality he got no- 
thing at all in that Voyage but Blows, and a con- 


io The Voyage and Adventures 

fiderable Lofs. It had been well if Vanity and 
Lying had been his only Crimes ; his Covetoufnefs 
had like to have been my uttep Ruin, though fmce 
it hath proved the Occafion of eternizing my Name 
I verily believe to all Pofterity, and to the unfpeak- 
able Benefit of all Mortals for ever hereafter, at 
lead if it pleafe Heaven that I return home fafe to 
my Country, and give perfect Initructions how 
thole almoft incredible and impoflible Acquire- 
ments may be imparted to the World. You (hall 
then fee Men flying in the Air, from one Place to 
another, you (hall then be able to fend Mefiages 
many hundred Miles in an Inftant, and receive 
Anfwers immediately, without the Help of any 
Creature upon Earth •, you (hall then prefcntly im- 
part your Mind to your Friend, though in the mod 
remote and obfcure Place of a populous City, and 
a Multitude of other notable Experiments •, but 
what exceeds all, you mail then have the Difco- 
very of a New World % and Abundance of rare and 
incredible Secrets of Nature, which the Philolb- 
phers of former Ages never fo much'as dreamt of; 
but I muft be cautious in publishing thefe wonder- 
ful Myfteries, till our Statefmen have confidered 
how they may confirl with the Policy and good 
Government of our Country, and whether the Fa- 
thers of the Church may not judge the divulging 
them prejudicial to the Catholic Faith, which (by 
thole Wonders I have feen above any mortal Man 
before me) I am inftructed to advance without Ref- 
pecl to any temporal Advantage whatfoever. 

But to proceed : This huffing Captain pretended 
much Difcontent for the Death of Delgades, who 
was indeed fome Kin to him ; however, he was wil- 
ling to be quiet if I would give him a thoufand 
Ducats : I had now, befides a Wife, two Sons, 
whom I was not willing to beggar, only to fatisfy 

Of Domingo Gonsales. it 

the avaritious Humour of this Boafter, and fo was 
neceffitated to take fome other Courie. I embark- 
ed in a (tout Carrick bound for the Eafi- Indies^ 
carrying the Value of twothoufand Ducats to trade 
with, leaving as much more for the Support of my 
Wife and Children behind, whatever Misfortune 
might happen to me. In the Indies I thrived ex- 
ceedingly, laying out my Stock in Diamonds, 
Emeralds, and Pearls, which I bought at fuch eafy 
Rates, that my Stock fafely arriving in Spain, (as 
I underftood it did) mull needs yield ten for one. 
But having doubled Cape Bona 'Efperanza in my 
Way home, I fell dangeroufly fick, expecting no- 
thing but Death, which had undoubtedly happen- 
ed, but that we juft then recovered the bleffed 
I fie of St. He lens, the only Paradife I believe on 
Earth, for Healthfulnefs of Air, and Fruitfulnefs 
of Soil, producing all Neceffaries for the Life of 
Man. It is about 16 Leagues in Compafs, and 
has no firm Land or Continent within 300 Leagues, 
nay not fo much as an Ifland within an hundred 
Leagues of it •, fo that it may feem a Miracle of 
Nature, , that out of fo vaft and tempertuous an 
Ocean, fuch a fmall Rock or Piece of Ground 
mould arife and difcover itfelf. On the South is 
a good Harbour, and near it divers fmall Houfes 
built by the Portuguefe to accommodate Strangers, 
with a pretty Chapel handlbmely beautified with a 
Tower, and Bell therein. Near it is a Stream of 
excellent frefh. Water, divers handfome Walks, 
planted on both Sides with Orange, Lemon, 
Pomegranate, Almond-Trees and the like, which 
bear Fruit all the Year, as do alfo divers others. 
There are Store of Garden Herbs, with Wheat, 
Peafe, Barley, and moft Kinds of Pulfe ; but it 
chiefly aboundeth with Cattle and Fowl, as Goats, 
Swine, Sheep, Partridges, wild Hens, Pheafams, 
C t Pigeons, 

12 The Voyage and Adventuhl-s 

Pigeons, and wild Fowl beyond Credit \ but eCi 
peciaiiy afcout February and March are to be leen 
huge Flocks of a kind of wild Swans, (whereof I 
fhall have Occafion to fpeak more hereafter) who 
like our Cuckows" and Nightingales, go away at a 
certain Seafon, and are no more leen that Year. 

On this happy Illand did they let me afhore with 
a Negro to attend me, wheie I recovered my 
Health, and continued a whole Year, lolacing my- 
fcif for want of human Society with Birds and 
brute Beails -, Diego my Biack moor was forced to 
live in a Cave at the Welt End of the Ifle, for had 
we dwelt together, Victuals would not have been 
fo plenty with us •, but now, if one lucceeded well 
in hunting or fowling, the other would find Means 
to treat him, and if both miff-d, we were fain to 
look out fharply ; but this feldom happened, fince 
no Creature there fears a Man more than a Goat 
or Cow, whereby I eafily tamed divers Kinds of 
Birds and Heads by only muzzling them, fo that 
till they came either to me or Diego they could not 
feed. At firit I much delighted in a Kind of Far- 
fridges, and a tame Fox, whereof I made good 
Ule ; for if 1 had Occafion to confer with Diego, 
1 would take one of them muzzled and hungry, 
and tying a Note about his Neck, beat him from 
me, whereupon he would ftrait away to Diego\ 
Cave, and if he were not there, would beat about 
rili he found him •, yet this Conveyance being not 
without fome Inconvenience, I perfuaded Diego, 
(who tho' a Fellow of good Parts, was content to 
be ruled by me) to remove to a Cape on the North- 
weft Part of the Ifiand, being though a League 
off, yet within Sight of my Houfe and Chapel, 
■and fo when- the Weather was fair, we could by 
.Signals declare our Minds to each other in an In- 
ilant either by Night or Day, wherein we took 


Of Domingo GgnsaIes. 13 

much Pleafure. If in the Night I would fignify 
any Thing to him, I fet up a Light in the B. 11 
Tower, which was a pretty large Room with a 
fair Window well glazed, and the Walls within 
plaiftered white, fo that though the Light were 
but fmall, it made a great Show ; after this Light 
had ftood half an Hour, T covered it, and then if 
I faw any Signal of Light again from my Compa- 
nion I knew he waited for my Notice, and fo by 
hiding and (hewing my Light according to the 
Agreement betwixt us, I certified him of what L 

E leafed. In the Day J advertifcd him by Smoke, 
»uft, and other refined Ways. 1 
After a while I grew weary of it as too painful, 
and again uied my winged Mefiengers •, upon the 
Shore, about the Mourh of our River, I found 
Store of a kind of wild Swans feeding upon Prey, 
both of Fifhand Birds, and wnich is more (trange, 
having one Claw like an Eagle, and the other like 
a Swan. Thefe Birds breeding here in infinite 
Numbers, I took thirty or forty of them young, 
and bred them up by Hand for Recreation ; yec 
not without lome Thoughts of that Experiment 
which I after put in Practice. Thefe being (trong 
and able to continue a great Flight, I taught them 
firft to come at Call afar off, not ufing any Node, 
but only (hewing them a white Cloth •, ar.d here 
I found it true what Plutarch affirms, That Crea- 
tures which eat Flejh are mere docible than ethers. 
'Tis wonderful to think what Tricks I taught them 
ere they were a Quaiterold, amongft others I ufed 
them by Degrees to fly wirh Burdens, wherein I 
found them able beyond Belief, and a white Sheet 
being dilplayed to them by Diego, upon the Side 
of a Hill, they would carry from me to him Bread, 
Flefh, or whatever I plealed, and upon the like 
Call come to me again- Having proceeded thus 
C 2 far, 

14 ¥be Voyage and Adventures 

far, I confuked how to join a Number of them 
together, fo as to carry a heavier Weight, which 
if I could compafs, I might enable a Man to be 
carried iafely in the Air from one Place to another. 
I puzzled my Wits extremely with this Thought, 
and upon Trial found, that if many were put to the 
bearing of one great Burthen, by reafon it was im- 
poflible all of them mould rife together juft at one 
Inftant, the firft that rife finding himfelf flayed by 
a Weight heavier than he could ftir, would foon 
give over, and fo the (econd, third, and all the 
reft. I contrived at laft a Way whereby each might 
rife with only his own Proportion of Weight ; I 
fattened about each Ganfa a little Pulley of Cork, 
and putting a String of a juft Length through it, I 
fattened one End to a Block of almoft eight Pounds 
Weight, and tied a two Pound Weight to the 
other End of the String, and then caufing the Sig- 
nal to be ere£ted, they all arofe together, being 
four in Number, and carried away my Block to the 
Place appointed. This hitting fo luckily, I added 
two or three Birds more, and made Trial of their 
carrying a Lamb, whole Happinefs I much envied, 
that he mould be the firft living Creature to partake 
of fuch an excellent Device. 

At length after divers Trials, I was furprized 
with a great Longing to caufe myielf to be carried 
3n the fame Manner, Diego my Moor was likewife 
pofTelTed with the fame Defire, and had I not loved 
him well, and wanted his Service, I mould have 
refented his ambitious Thought ; for I count it 
greater Honour to have been the firft Flying Man, 
than to be another Neptune who firft adventured to 
fail on the Sea. Yet feeming not to underftand 
his Intention, I only told him, that all my Ganjas 
were not ftrong enough to carry him, being a Man 
fchough of no great Bulk, yet twice heavier than 


Of Domingo Gonsales. 15 

myfelf. Having prepared all NecefTaries, I one 
Time placed myfelf and all my Utenfils on the 
Top of a Rock at che River's Mouth, and putting 
myfelf upon my Engine at full Sea, I caufed Diego 
to advance the Signal, whereupon my Birds, twen- 
ty five in Number, rofe all at once, and carried 
me over luftily to the Rock on the other Side, being 
about a Quarter of a League ; I chofe this Time 
and Place, becaufe if any Thing had fallen out 
contrary to Expectation, the worft that could hap- 
pen was only falling into the Water, and being 
able to fwim well, I hoped to receive little Hurt 
in my Fall. When I was once fafe over, O how did 
my Heart even fwell with Joy and Admiration at 
my own Invention •, how often did I wifh myfelf 
in the Midft of Spain, that I might fill the World 
with the Fame of my Glory and Renown ? Every 
Hour 1 had a longing Defire for the coming of the 
Indian Fleet to take me home with them, which 
then ftaid three Months beyond their ufual Time : 
At length they arrived, being three Carricks much 
weather-beaten, the Men fick and weak, and ib 
were conftrained to refrefh themfelves in ourlfland 
a whole Month. The Admiral was called Alphonfo 
de Xima, a valiant, wife Man, defirous of Glory, 
and worthy better Fortune than afterwards befel 
him ; to him I difcovered my Device of the Ganfas t 
being fatisfied, that it was impoflible otherwife to 
perfuade him to take f& many Birds into his Ship, 
who for the Nicenefs 6? their Provifion would be 
moretroublelbme than iVmany Men; yet I adjured 
him by Oaths and Perfuafions to be fecret in the 
Bufinefs, though I did not much doubt it, afTurino- 
myfelf he durft not impart the Experiment to anv 
before our King were acquainted therewith. I had 
more Apprehenfion left Ambition, and the Defire 
of gaining to himfelf the Honour of fa admirable 


1 6 The Voyage and Adventures 

an Invention, mould tempt him to difpacch me. 
However I was forced to run the Rifque unlels I 
would adventure the Lofs af my Birds, the like 
whereof for my Purpofe were not to be had in 
Chrittendom, nor was I fure ever to bring op o- 
thers to ferve my Turn. 

It happened ail thefe Doubts were ■caufelels, the 
Man 1 believe was honeft, bur the Misfortune we 
met with prevented all thefe Thoughts. TburfJc.y, 
June 21, 1599, we fet Sail for Spain, I having al- 
lowed me a convenient Cabin tor my Birds, and 
Engine, which the Captain would have perfuaded 
me to have left behind, and it was a Wonder I did 
not, but my good Fortune laved my Lift*, for al- 
ter two Months Sail we met with an Eng'iPo Fleet 
about 10 Leagues from the lfiand ot 'lerurtff, one 
of the Canarks, famous for a Hill therein called 
Pico^ which is feen at Sea' above an hundred 
Leagues off. We had aboard five Times their 
number of Men, all in Health, and were well pro- 
vided with Ammunition ; yet finding them reibl- 
ved to fight, and knowing what infinite Riches we 
carried, concluded it better if poilible to efcape, 
than by encountering a Crew of defperate Fel- 
lows, to hazard not only our Lives, which a Man 
of Courage does not value, but the Eftates of 
many poor Merchants, who I am afraid were un- 
done by the Mifcarriage of this Bufiners. Our 
Fleet confided of five bail, that is, three Carricks, 
a Bark, and a Caravel, who coming from St. 
Thomas I/le, had in an ill Hour overtaken us fome 
Days before. The Englijh had three Ships well 
provided, who no fooner fpied but prefent-iy enga- 
ged us, and changing their Courie, endeavoured 
to bring us under their Lee, which they might ea- 
fily do as the Wind then flood, they being light 
nimble Veffels, as Englifli Ships generally are; 


Of Domingo Gonsales. 17 

olirS heavy, deep laden, and foul with the Sea : 
So our Captain refolved, wilely enough it may be, 
not neither valiantly nor fortunately, to fly, com- 
manding us to dilperfe ourfelves. The Caravel 
by too much Hafte fell upon one of the Carricks 
and bruifed her lb, that one of the Englifb eafily 
fetched her up and entered her, the, Caravel unk- 
ing before our Eyes. The Bark efcaped unpur- 
lucd, and another of our Carricks after iome 
Chafe was given over by the Enemy, who expec- 
ting a fufficient Booty of us, and getting us be- 
tween them, fell upon us with much Fury; our 
Captain hereupon gave Direction to run afhore 
upon Teneriff, the Port whereof we could not re- 
cover, faying, " That he hoped to lave Part of 
the Goods, and fome of our Lives, and he had 
rather the reft mould be loft, than all fall into 
the Mercy of our Foes." 

When I heard this Refolution, obferving the 
Sea to work high, and knowing all the Coaft to 
be fo full of Rocks and Shoals, that it was impof- 
fible our Ship mould come near the Land, unlefs 
broken into a thoufand Pieces, I reprefented to 
the Captain the DeTperatenefs of the Attempt, 
w i[hing him rather to try the Kindnefs of the E- 
nemy, than throw away himfelfand fo many brave 
Men ; but he would by no Remonftrances be re- 
moved from his Refolution, therefore finding it 
high Time to (hi ft for myfelf, I locked up my 
lirtle Cafket of Jewels, which putting into my 
Sleeve, I then betook me to my Ganfas, and ha- 
ving harnefled them to my Engine, and put my- 
felf thereon, fuppofing, as indeed it happened, 
that when the Ship mould fplit, my Birds, though 
they wanted their Signal, yet tor faving their own 
Lives, which Nature hath taught all Creatures. to 
preferve, would make toward Land, which fell 


i8 The Voyage and Adventures 

out according to my Expectation ; the People rn 
the Ship wondered what 1 was doing, none being 
acquainted with the ufe of my Birds but the Cop- 
tain, Diego being in the other Ship which tied a- 
way unpurl'ued -, we were about half a League 
from Land, when our Carrick ftruck upon a 
Rock, and lplit to Pieces, upon which I let ioofe 
the Reins to my Birds, having firlt placed myfelf 
upon the Top of the Deck, and with the Shock 
they all arofe carrying me fortunately to the Land, 
of which you need not doubt but I was very 
joyful, though it was a miierable Sight to behold 
my Friends and Acquaintance in that woful Dii- 
trefs, of whom yet many efcaped better than they 
expe&ed, for the EngliJJj launching out their Cock- 
boats, dilcovered more generous Tempers than 
we are pleafed to allow them, taking Companion 
of their Calamity, and endeavouring with all Di- 
ligence to fave them trom the Fury of the Waves, 
though with muc h Danger to themfelves •, among 
others they took up our Captain, who, as Father 
Pacio fmce told me, having put himfelf with 
twelve others into the Cock-boat, was forced to 
vield to one Captain Raymund, who carried him 
and our Pilot along with them in their Voyage to 
the Eaft-lndies, whither they were bound, but it 
was their hard Fate, by a Breach of the Sea near 
Cape Buona Efperanca* to be fwallowed of the 
mercilefs Waves, whole Rage they awhile before 
had fo hardly efcaped ; the reit as 1 likewife heard, 
who were about twenty fix Perfons they took into 
their Ship, and let them on Land at Cape Verde. 

As for myfelf, being now afliore in an Ifland 
inhabited by Spaniards, I reckoned I was late, 
but found myfelf miftaken, for it was my hap to 
pitch upon that Part of the Ifle where the Pike 
begins to rife, which is inhabited by a Savage 


0/ Domingo Gonsales. 19 

People who live upon the Sides of that Hill, the 
Top whereof is for the moil Part covered with 
Snow, and formerly accounted, for its Steepnefs, 
inacceffible, either for Man or Bead, yet thefe 
Savages fearing the Spaniards keep as near the Top 
as they can, never coming down into the fruitful 
Vallies but to feek for Booty ; a Crew of thefe 
Out laws happened to fpy me foon after 1 landed, 
and thinking they had got a Prize, approached 
me with all Speed i I gueft their Defign before 
they came within half a Mile, when perceiving 
them come down the Hill directly toward me, 
with long Staves and other Weapons, I thought it 
neceffary to fecure myfelf from thefe Villains, who 
out of Hatred to us Spaniards^ would have cut me 
to Pieces ; the Country was fandy, but the Pike 
beginning to lift up itfelf, I efpied in the Side a 
white Cliff", which I hoped my Ganzas would 
take for a Mark, and being put up, would make 
all that way, whereby I might be carried fo far, 
that thofe barbarous Rafcals fkould not overtake 
me, before I got to fome Spaniard's Houfe, or hid 
myfelf, till by the Covert of the Night I might 
travel to Laguna, the chief City of the Ifland, 
three Miles off. So I fettled myfelf upon my En- 
gine, and let loofe the Reins to my Ganfas, who 
by good Fortune took all one Courfe, tho' not 
juft the Way I aimed at. But what of that! O 
Reader prick up thy Ears, and prepare thyfelf to 
hear the flrangeft Chance that ever happened to 
any Mortal, and which I know thou wilt not* have 
the Grace to believe till thou feeft the like Expe- 
riment, which I doubt not in afhort Time may be 
performed. My Cfanfas, like fo many Horfes that 
had gotten the Bit between their Teeth, made not 
their Flight toward the Cliff I intended, though 
J ufed mv wonted Means to direct the Leader of 

D the 

aa The Voyage and Adventures 

the Flock that Way, but with Might and Main 
took up toward the Top of the Pike y and never 
ftopt till tney came there, a Place in vulgar Es- 
timation (though fince experimentally contradic- 
ted) fifteen Miles in Height. What kind of 
Place this was I would gladly relate, but that I 
Jiaften to Matters of greater Importance : When 
I was fet down there, my poor Ganfas fell to pant- 
ing, blowing, and gaping for Breath as if they 
would all have died, fo I did not trouble them 
awhile, forbearing to draw them in, which they 
never ufed to endure without ftruggling, but little 
did I expect what followed. 

It was now the Seafon that thefe Birds take their 
Flight away, as our Cuckows and Swallows do in 
Spain towards Autumn, and as I afterwards found, 
being mindful of their ufual Voyage, juft when I 
began to fettle myfelf to take them in, they with 
one Confent rofe up, and having no other higher 
Place to make toward, to my unfpeakable Fear 
and Amazement, (truck bolt upright, and never 
left towring upward, (till higher and higher, for 
the Space, as I gueit, of an Hour, after which I 
thought they laboured lefs than before, till at 
length, ah wonderful ! they remained immoveable, 
as iteadily as if they had lat upon fo many Perches ; 
the Lines flacked, neither I, nor the Engine moved 
at all, but continued dill, as having no Manner 
of Weight. I found then by Experience, what no 
Philofopher ever dreamt of, namely, that thofe 
Things we call heavy do not fall towards the 
Center of the Earth as their natural Place, but are 
drawn by a fecret Property of the Globe of the 
Earth, or rather ibmething within it, as the Load- 
ftone draweth Iron, which is within the Compafs 
of its attractive Beams. For though my Ganfas 
♦ould continue unmoved, without being fuftained 

Of Domingo Gonsales; a» 

by any Thing but the Air, as eafily and quietly as 
a Fifh in the Water, yet if they forced themfglves 
fcever fo little, it is impoflible to imagine with what 
Swiftnefs they were carried, either Upward, Down- 
ward, or Sideways ; I mud ingenuouQy confefs 
my Horror and Amazement in this Place was fuch, 
that had I not been armed with a true Spanijh Re- 
folution, I mould certainly have died for Fear. 

The next Thing that difturbed me was the Swift- 
nefs of the Motion, which was fo extraordinary, 
that it almoft ftopt my Breath, if I mould liken it 
to an Arrow out of a Bow, or a Stone thrown 
down from the Top of an high Tower, it would 
come vaftly fhortof it j another Thing was exceed- 
ing troublefome to me, that is the Illufions of 
Devils and wicked Spirits, who the firft Day of 
my Arrival came about me in great Numbers in 
the Likenefs of Men and Women, wondering at 
me like fo many Birds about an Owl, and fpeaking. 
feveral Languages which I underftood not, till at 
laft I met with fome that fpoke good Spanijh, fome 
Dutcb^ and others Italian, all which I underllood ; 
and here 1 had only a Touch of the Sun's Abfence 
once for a fhort Time, having him ever after in 
my Sight. Now though my Ganjas were entan- 
gled in my Lines, yet they eafily feized upon divers 
Kinds of Flies and Birds, efpecially Swallows and 
Cuckows, whereof there were Multitudes, even 
like Motes in the Sun, though I never faw them 
eat any Thing ar all. I was much obliged to thofe, 
whether Men or Devils I know not, who among 
divers Difcourfes told me, " If I would follow 
" their Directions, I fhould not only be carried 
'* fafe Home, but be allured to command at all 
** Times all the Pleafures of that Place." To 
which Motion, not daring to give a flat Denial, I 
defired Time to confider, and withal indebted 
D 2 them* 

iz The Voyage and Adventures 

them, (though I felt no Hunger at all, which may 
feem Itrange) to help me to fome Victuals, leaft I 
jfhould tlarve in my Journey, fo they readily 
brought me very good FleOi and Fifh of feveral 
Sorts, and well drefTed, but that it was extreme 
frefh without any Relifh of Salt. Wines likewife 
I tafted of divers Kinds as good as any in Spain* 
and Beer no better in all Antwerp. They advifed 
me, that while I had Opportunity I fhould make 
my ProvifionF, telling me, that till the next Thurs- 
day they could help me to no more, at which Time 
they would find Means to carry me back, and fet 
me fare in Spain, in any Place I would defire, pro- 
vided I would become one of their Fraternity, and 
enter into fuch Covenants as they had made to their 
Captain and Matter, whom they would not name : 
1 anfwered civil y, " I faw little Reafon to rejoice 
*' in fuch an Offer, defiring them to be mindful 
" of me as Occafion ferved ; fo for that Time I 
was rid of them •, having firft, furnifhed my Pockets 
with as much Victual* as I could thruft in, among 
which I '*ould be fure to find a Place for a imall 
Bottle of good Canary. 

1 (hall no// declare the Quality of the Place 
v;herein I was : The Clouds I perceived to be all 
under between me and the Earth. The Stars, be- 
caufe it was always Day, I faw at all Times alike, 
not fhining bright, as we fee in the Night upon 
Earth, but of i whitifh Colour, like the Moon 
with us in the Day-Time, thofe that were feen, 
which were not many, fhewed far greater than with 
us, yea, as I guefifed no lefs than ten Times bigger : 
As for the Moon, being then within two Days of 
the Change, fhe appeared of an huge and dreadful 
Greatru-fs. It is not to be forgot, that no Stars ap- 
peared but on that Part of the Hemifphere next the 
P loon, ar.d the nearer to her, the larger they ap- 

Of Domingo Gonsales. 23 

peared again ; whether I lay quiet and reded, or 
were carried in the Air, I perceived myfelf to be al- 
ways directly between the Moon and the Earth, 
whereby 'tis plain, that my Ganjas took their Way 
directly toward the Moon, and that when we refted, 
as we did at firft for many Hours, either we were 
infenfibly carried round about the Globe of the 
Earth, though I perceived no fuch Motion, orelfe 
that, according to the Opinion of Copernicus, the 
Earth is carried about, and turneth round perpe- 
tually from Weft to Eaft, leaving to the Planets 
only that Motion which the Aftronomers call natu- 
ral, and is not upon the Poles of the Equinoctial, 
commonly called the Poles of the World, but 
upon thofe of the Zodiac ; the Air in that Place 
I found without any Wind, and exceeding tem- 
perate, neither Hot nor Cold, where neither the 
Sun Beams had any Object to reflect upon, nor 
the Earth and Water appear to affect the Air 
with their natural Quality of Coldnefs ; as for the 
Philofophers attributing Heat and Moifture to the 
Air, I always efteemed it a Fancy : Laftly, I re- 
member that after my Departure from the Earth, 
I never felt either Hunger or Thirft, whether the 
Purity of the Air, freed from the Vapours of the 
Earth and Water, might yield Nature fufficient 
Nourifhment, or what elfe might be the Caufe I 
cannot determine, but fo I found it, though 1 was 
perfectly in Health both of Body and Mind, even 
above my ufual Vigour. 

Some Hours after the Departure of that Devilifli 
Company, my Ganfas began to beftir themfelves, 
ftill directing their Courle toward the Globe or Body 
of the Moon, making their Way with fuch incre- 
dible Swiftnefs, that I conceive they advanced little 
lefs than fifty Leagues in an Hour* in which Paf- 
fage I obferved three Things very remarkable, one 


24- The Voyage and Adventures 

that the farther we went the lefs the Globe of the 
Earth appeared to us, and that of the Moon ftill 
larger : Again the Earth, which I had ever in 
mine Eye, leemed to made itfelf wiih a kind of 
Brightaefs like another Moon, and as we difcern 
certain Spots or Clouds as it were in the Moon, fo 
did I then fee the like in the Earth ; but whereas 
the Eorm of thefe Spots in the Moon are always 
the fame, thefe on the Earth feemed by Degrees to 
change every Hour •, the Reafon where of feems to 
be, that whereas the Earth according to his na- 
tural Motion (for fuch a Motion I am now fatis- 
fied (he hath according to the Opinion of Coper- 
nicus) turns round upon her own Axis every four 
and twenty Hours from Weft to EaftJ I fhould at 
firlt fee in the Middle of the Body of this new Star 
the Earth, a Spot like a Pear, with a Morfel bit out 
on one Side, in fome Hours I mould obferve this 
Spot move 2* ay toward the Eaft : This no doubt 
was the main Land of Africa j then might I per- 
ceive a great mining Brightnefs in that Place which 
continued about the lame Time, and wasqueftion- 
lefs the vaft Atlantick Ocean : After this fucceeded 
a Spot aim oft Oval, juft as we fee America def- 
cribed in our Maps, then another immenfe Clear- 
nefs, reprefentmg Mare del zar or the South Sea ; 
laltly, a number of Spots like the Countries and 
Jflands in the Eaji- Indies, fo that it feemed to me 
no other than an huge mathematical Globe turned 
round leifurely before me, wherein fucceflively all 
the Countries of our earthly World were within 
twenty-four Hours reprefented to my View, and 
this was all the Means I now had to number 
the Days, and reckon the Time. 

I could now wifh that Philofophers and Mathe- 
maticians would confefs their own Blindnefs, who 
have hitherto made the World believe that the 


0/ Domingo Gonsales. 25 

Earth hath no Motion, and to confirm it, arc 
forced to attribute to every one of the celeftial 
Bodies two Motions dire&ly contrary to each other, 
one from the Eaft to the Weft, to be performed in 
twenty-four Hours with an impetuous rapid Mo- 
tion ; the other from Weft to Eaft in feveral Pro- 
portions : O incredible Suppofition ! that thofe 
huge Bodies of the fixed Stairs in the higheft Orb, 
whereof they confefs divers, are above an hun- 
dred Times bigger than the whole Earth, mould 
like fo many Nails in a Cart-wheel be whirled a- 
bout in fo fhorta Time ; whereas it is many thou- 
fand Years, no lefs (fay they,) than thirty thoufand, 
before that Orb finilhes his Courfe from Weft to 
Eaft, which they call his natural Motion; now 
whereas they allow their natural Courfe from* Weft 
to Eaft to every one of them, therein they do well ; 
the Moon performs it in feven and twenty Days, 
the Sun, Venus and Mercury in a Year or thereabout, 
Mars in three Years, Jupiter in twelve, and Saturn 
in thirty. But to attribute to thefe celeftial Bo- 
dies contrary Motions at once, is an abfurd Con- 
ceit, and much more to imagine, that the fame 
Orb wherein the fixed Stars are, whofe natural 
Courfe takes up fo many thoufands of Years, 
fhould be turned about every twenty-four Hours. 
I will not go fo far as Copernicus, who makes the 
Sun the Center of the Earth and immoveable, nei- 
ther will I be pofitive in any Thing, only this I 
fay, allow the Earth its Motion, which thefe Eyes 
of mine can teftify to be true, and all thofe Ab- 
furdities are removed, every one having only his 
own fingle and proper Motion. 

But where ami? I promifed an Hiftory, and 
am unawares turned Difputer. One Accident more 
befell me worth mentioning, that during my Stay 
I faw a kind of a reddifh Cloud coming toward 


lS 'the Voyage and Adventures 

me, and continually approaching nearer, which at 
Jail I perceived was nothing but a huge Swarm 
of Locufts. He that reads the Difcourfes of learn- 
ed Men concerning them, as John Leo of Africa, 
and others who relate that they are feen in the Air 
feveral Days before they fall on the Earth, and adds 
thereto this Experience of mine, will eafily con- 
clude, that they can come from no other Place 
than the Globe of the Moon. But now give me 
leave to go on quietly in my Journey for eleven or 
twelve Days, during all which Time I was carried 
directly toward the Globe or Body of the Moon, 
with iuch a violent Whirling as is inexprefiible, 
for I cannot imagine a Bullet out of a Cannon 
could make Way through the vaporous and mud- 
dy Air near the Earth with half that Celerity ; 
which is the more ftrange, fmce my G an/as mo- 
ved their Wings but now and then, and fome- 
times for a quarter of an Hour not at all, only 
holding them (tretched out, as we fee Kites, and 
Eagles fometimes do for a fhort Space ; during 
which Paufes, I fuppofe they took their Naps, and 
Times of Sleeping, for other Times I could per- 
ceive they never had any •, for myfelf I was fo faf- 
tened to mine Engine, that I durft (lumber enough 
to ferve my Turn, which I took with as great 
Eafe, as if I had lain on the bed Down-bcd in 

After eleven Days PafTage in this violent Flight, 
I perceived we began to approach to another Earth 
(if I may fo call it) being the Globe or very Bo- 
dy of that Star which we call the Moon. The firft 
Difference I found between this and our Earth was, 
that it appeared in its natural Colours, as foon as 
ever I was free from the Attraction of the Earth ; 
whereas with us, a Thing a League or two from 
us, puts on that deadly Colour of Blue. I then 


Of Domingo Gonsales. 27 

perceived alio that this World was the greateft 
Part covered with a huge mighty Sea, thofe Parts 
oniy being dry Land which are to us fomewhat 
darker than the reft of her Body, I mean, what 
the Country People call, The Man in the Moon, 
and that Part which mines fo bright is another O- 
cean befprinkled with Iflands, which for their 
Smallnefs we cannot difcern fo far off-, fo that the 
Splendor which appears to us in the Night, is no- 
thing but the Reflection of the Sun-beams return- 
ed to us out of the Water as from a Lookinglafs. 
'How much this difagrees with what our Philofo- 
phers teach in the Schools is evident : But alas, how 
many of their Errors hath Time and Experience 
in this our Age, and among other vain Conjec- 
tures, who hath not hitherto believed the upper 
Region of the Air to be very hot ; as being next, 
forlboth, to the natural Place of the Element of 
Fire ; meer Vanities, Fancies and Dreams : For 
after I was once free from the attractive Beams 
of that tyrannous Load-ftone the Earth, I found 
the Air altogether ferene, without Winds, Rain, 
Mills or Clouds, neither hot nor cold, but con- 
ftantly pleafant, calm and comfortable, till my Ar- 
rival in that New World of the Moon% as for that 
Region of Fire, our Philofophers talk of, I heard 
no News of it, mine Eyes have fufEciently inform- 
ed me there is no fuch Thing. 

The Earth had now by turning about (hewed 
me all her Parts twelve Times, when I finilhed my 
Courfe ; for when my Reckoning it feemed to be 
(as indeed it was) Tuejday, September 1 1, at which 
Time the Moon being two Days old was in the 
twentieth Degree of Libra) my Ganfas feemed by 
one Confent to ftay their Courfe, and refted for 
certain Hours, after which they took their Flight, 
and in lefs than an Hour fet me on the Top of an 
E high 

28 *¥be Voyage and Adventures 

high Hill in that Other Worlds where many won- 
derful Things were prefented to my Sight. For I 
oblerved firft, that though the Globe of the Earth 
appeared much greater there than the Moon doth 
to us even three Times bigger, yet all Things 
there were ten, twenty, yea thirty Times larger 
than ours ; their Trees were thrice as high, 
and above five Times broader and •• thicker •, ib 
were their Herbs, Birds, and Beafts, though I 
cannot well compare them to ours, becaufe I round 
not any kind of Bead or Bird there which any 
way reiembled ours, except Swallows, Nightin- 
gales, Cuckoos, Woodcocks, Batts, and fome 
kind of Wild Fowl : And likewife fuch Birds as 
my Ganfas, all which, as I now perceived, fpend 
their Time in their Ablence from us, in that 
World, neither do they differ in any Thing from 
ours, but are the very fame kind. 

No fooner was I upon the Ground, but I found 
rnyfelf extreme hungry •, ftepping then to the next 
Tree, I fattened my Engine and Ganzas thereto, 
and in great Hafte fell to examining my Pockets 
for the Victuals I had referved there •, but to my 
great Sut prize and Vexation, inftead of Partridges 
and Capons, which I thought I had hoarded there, 
I found nothing but a Medley of dry Leaves, 
Goats Hair, Sheep or Goats Dung, Mofs, and 
the like ; my Canary-wine was turned, and ftunk 
Hlce Horfe-pifs: O the Villainy and Cheats of 
thefe curfed Spirits, whofe Afliftance if I had de- 
pended on, in what a Condition had I been ! 
While I ftood mufing at this ftrange Matamor- 
phofis, on a fudden I heard my Ganfas fluttering 
behind me, and looking back, I fpied them fall- 
ing greedily upon a Snrub within the Reach of 
their Lines, whofe Leaves they fed earneftly upon, 
whereas before I had never feen them eat any 


Of Domingo Gonsales. 29. 

green Thing whatever; fo ftepping to the Shrub* 
I put a Leaf to my Mouth ; the Tafte was fo ex- 
cellent, that I cannot exprefs it, and if I had not 
with Difcretion moderated my Appetite, I mould 
have furfeited thereon ; yet it happened to be a 
good Bair both for me and my Birds, when we 
had raoft Need of Refrefhment. 

Scarce had we ended our Banquet, when I faw 
myfelf furrounded with a ftrange kind of People 
both in Feature, Manners, and Apparel ; their 
Stature was very different, but trfty were general- 
ly twice as high as ours ; their Shape and Counte- 
nance pleafant, and their Habit hardly to be def- 
cribed ; for I never faw either Cloth, Silk, nor 
other Stuff, like that whereof their Cloths were 
made; neither can I poflibly relate their Colour, 
they being in a manner all cloathed alike ; it was 
neither Black, White, Yellow, Red nor Blue, nor 
any Colour compoled of thefe : If you afk what 
was it then ? I muft tell you, it was a Colour ne- 
ver feen in our earthly World, and fo neither to 
be defcribed nor conceived by us ; for as it is hard 
to make a Man born blind underftand the Diffe- 
rence between Green and Blue, fo neither can I 
decvpher this Moon-colour, as having no Affinity 
with any I ever beheld ; I can only fay it was the 
moil glorious and delightful that can be imagined, 
neither was any Thing more pleafant to me during 
my Stay there. 

Being furprized at the Appearance of thefe Peo- 
ple fo fuddenly and in fuch Accoutrements, I crof- 
fed myfelf, and cried our, Jefu Maria : No foon- 
er was the Word Jefu pronounced, but Young 
and Old fell all on their Knees ('whereat I not a 
little rejoiced) holding up their Hands on high-, 
and repeating certain Words which 1 underftood 
not ; and j relendy rifing again, one much taller 
E 2 than 

30 The Voyage and Adventures 

than the reft came and kindly embraced me, and 
ordering, as I perceived, fome of the reft to at- 
tend my Birds, he took me by the Hand, and led 
me to his Dwelling, down toward the Foot of the 
Hiil, which was a Building fo great and beautiful, 
as nothing in our "World is comparable thereto ; 
yet afterward I faw fuch as this feemed but a Cot- 
tage in refpect of them •, there was no Door a- 
bout the Houfe lefs than thirty Foot high, and 
twelve broad, the Rooms were forty or fifty Foot 
in Height, and anfwerable in Proportion ; neither 
could they be much lefs, the Matter thereof being 
full twenty-eight high, and I fuppoie his Body 
would weigh twenty-five or thirty of ours : After 
I had relied with him about one of our Days, he 
led me five Leagues off to the Palace of the Prince 
of the Country, the Statelinefs whereof I have 
not now Leifure to defcribe •, this Prince was much 
taller than the former, and called (as near as I can 
by Letters declare it, for their Sounds are not 
perfectly to be exprefTed by our Characters) Pyio- 
nas % which in their Language is Firjl or Chief, if it 
doth not rather denote his Authority and Digni- 
ty, as being the Principal Man in all thofe Parts ; 
though yet there is one Supreme Monarch amongft 
them, much greater of Stature than he, com- 
manding over all that whole World, having under 
him twenty-nine other Princes of great Power; 
and every one of rhefe has twenty-four inferior Go- 
vernors, whereof this Pjknas was one. The firft 
Anceftor of this great Monarch came out of the 
Earth, as they relate, and by marrying the Hei- 
refs of that vaft Monarchy obtaining the Govern- 
ment, left it to his Pofterity, who have enjoyed 
it ever fince, even forty thoufand Moons, which 
is 3077 Years : His Name was Irdonoxur, whofe 
Heirs to this Day afiume the fame Name \ he, they 


Of Domingo Gonsales. 31 

fay, having continued there about four hundred 
Moons, and begot divers Children, returned 
(though by what Means they know not) to the 
Earth again. I doubt they have their Fables as 
well as we, fince our Hiftorians never mention 
any earthly Man to have been in that World be- 
fore myielf, and much lefs to have returned again. 
I cannot therefore but condemn this Tradition as 
falfe and romantick, though I found Learning was 
in great Efteem among them, and they feem to 
deteft Lying and Falfhood, which is there fev&rely 
punifhed, and which may yield fome Credit to 
their hittorical Narrations. Many of them live 
wonderful long, even beyond Belief, affirming to 
me, that fome furvived thirry thoufand Moons, 
■which is above a thoufand Years, fothat the Ages 
of three or four Men might eaOly reach to the 
Time of the firft Irdonozur, and this is generally 
noted, that the taller People are of Stature, the 
more excellent are their Endowments of. Mind, 
and the longer Time they live ; for their Stature 
is very different, great Numbers not much exceed- 
ing ours, who feldom live above a thottfthd Moons, 
which is fourfcore of our Years i thefe they account 
bafe, unworthy Creatures, but on»e Degree above 
brute Beafts, and employ in mean and fervile Of- 
fices, calling them Baftards,. Counterfeits or 
Changlings : Thofe whom they account true Na- 
tural Lunars or Moon Men* exceed ours generally 
thirty Times, both in Quantity of Body, and 
Length of Life, proportionable to the Quality of 
the Day in both Worlds, theirs containing almoll 
thirty of our Days. 

The manner of our Travel to the Palace of Pylo- 
nas was more ftrange and incredible than anything 
we have related, for at our firft fetting forth there 
were delivered to each of us two Feather Fans, 


32 The Voyage and Adventures 

like thofe our Ladies in Spain cool themfelves with 
in Summer: You muft understand, that the Globe 
of the Moon has likewife an attractive Power, yet 
fo much weaker than the Earth, that if a Man do 
but ipring upward with all his Strength, as Dan- 
cers do in (hewing their Tricks, he will be able to 
mount fifty or fixcy Foot high; and being then 
above all Attraction from the Moon's Earth, he 
falls down no more, but by the Help of thefe Fans, 
as with Wings, they convey themfelves in the Air 
in a fhort Space, (though not quite fo fwift as Birds N . 
whither they pleaie. In two hours Time (as I 
could guefs) by the Help of thefe Fans, we were 
carried through the Air thofe five Leagues, in all 
about fixty Perfons. Being arrived at the Palace 
of Pylonas, after our Conductor had declared what 
manner of Prefent he had brought, J was called 
in to him by his Attendants: By the Statelinefs of 
his Palace, and the Reverence done him, I foon 
perceived his Greatnefs, and managed my Affairs 
in order to procure his Favour accordingly ; and 
having, as you may remember, a certain little Box 
or Cafket of Jewels, the Remainder of thofe I 
brought from the Eafi- Indies, before I was intro- 
duced I fecretly took them out of my Pocket, and 
chufing fome of each fort, I made them ready to 
be prefented as I mould think convenient. 

I found him fitting in a magnificent Chair of 
State, with his Wife or Queen on one Hand, and 
his Eldeit Son on the other, one attended by a 
Troop of Ladies, and the other of young Men, 
and all along the Side of the Room ftood a great 
Number of handfome Perfonages, whereof fcarce 
one was lower of Stature than Pylonas, whofe Age 
they report is now one and twenty thoufand Moons. 
At my Entrance I fell on my Knees, and taking 
out my Jewels, I prefented to the King kvtn 


Of Domingo Gonsales." 33 

Stones of feveral Sorts, a Diamond, a Ruby, an 
Emerald, a Saphire, a Topaz and an Opal, which 
he accepted with Joy and Admiration-. Then I 
offered the Queen and Prince fome others, and de- 
figned to have bellowed divers more upon his At- 
tendants-, but Pylonas forbid them to accept any, 
fuppofing, as I heard, they were all I had, which, 
he would have me referve for Irdonozur his Sove- 
reign : He then embraced me with much Endeared- 
nets, and enquired divers Things by Signs, which 
I anfwered in the fame manner to the belt of my 
Skill; which not contenting him, he delivered 
me to the Guard of 100 of his Giants as I may well 
call them, ftrictly charging them, that I mould 
want nothing fit for me ; that they mould fuffcr 
none of the Dwarf Lunars, or little Moon Men> to 
come near me. That I fliould be instructed in 
their Language, and laftly, that they mould by no 
Means impart to me the Knowledge of feveral 
Things by him fpecified, what they were 1 could 
never understand. It may be you long to know 
what Pylonas enquired of me : Why, what fliould 
it be but, whence I came, how I arrived there, 
what was my Name and Bufinefs, with the like \ 
to all which I anfwered as near the Truth as pof- 

Being difmift, I was provided with all Necef- 
faries as my Heart could wifh, fo- that I feemed 
to be in a Paradife, the Pleafures whereof did not 
yet fo tranfport me, but I was much concerned with 
the Thoughts of my Wife and Children, and (till 
retaining fome Hope that I might again return to 
them •, I tended my Ganfas daily with much Care j 
which yet had fignified little, if other Men had not 
done more than I could : For now the Time came 
when of Neceflity all People of our Stature, and 
myfelf likewife, muft needs deep thirteen or four- 

34 The Voyage and Adventures 

teen whole Days together ; for by a Secret and irre- 
fiftible Decree of Nature, when the Day begins to ap- 
pear, and the Moon to be enlightened by the Sun 
Beams, which is in the firft Quarter of the Moon, 
all People of our Stature inhabiting thefe Parts fall 
into a dead Sleep, and are not poflibly to be awak- 
ened till the Sun fet, and is withdrawn ; for as 
Owls and Bats with us cannot endure the Light, fo 
at the firft Approach of Day we begin to be amazed 
therewith, and fall into a Slumber, which grows 
by Degrees into a dead Sleep till the Light be gone, 
which is in fourteen or fifteen Days, that is till the 
laft Quarter. During the Sun's Abfence, there is 
a twofold Light, one of the Sun, which I could not 
endure to behold, and another of the Earth : Now 
that of the Earth was at the Height, for when the 
Moon is at the Change, then is the Earth a full Moon 
to them, and as the Moon increafeth with us, fo the 
Light of the Earth decreafeth with them. I found 
the" Light, though the Sun was abfent, eqjal to 
that with us in the Day when the Sun is clouded ; 
but toward the Quarter it daily diminilheth, yet 
leaving ftill a competent Light, which feems very 
ftrange ; though not fo remarkable as what they 
there report, that in the other Hemifphere of the 
Moon, contrary to that 1 fell upon, where during 
half the Moon they fee not the Sun, and the Earth 
never appears to them, they have yet a kind of 
Light, not unlike our Moon-Light, which it. 
feems the Nearnefs of the Stars, and other Planets 
that are at a far lefs Diftance than from us, affords 

You muft underftand, that of the true Lunars or 
Moon Men there are three Kinds, fome a little tal- 
ler than we, as perhaps ten or twelve Foot high, 
thefe can endure the Day of the Moon, when the 
Earth fliines but little, but not the Beams of 


Of Domingo Gonsales. %$ 

both, and fo then muft be laid afleep : Others are 
twenty Foot high or above, who can fuffcr all the 
Light both of the Earth and bun. There are in a 
certain Ifland (the Myfteries whereof are carefully 
concealed ; Men whofe Stature is at lead twenty- 
feven Foot high : If any other come to land there 
in the Moon's Day time, they inftantly fall afleep : 
This is called Injula Martini, and hath a particular 
Governor, who as they report is fixty five thoufand 
Moons old, which makes five thoufand of our 
Years ; His Name is faid to be Hiruch y and he in 
a manner commands lrdonozur himfelf, efpecially 
in that Ifland out of which he never removes: 
There is another comes often thither, who they fay 
is not above half his Age, that is about thirty-three 
thoufand Moons, or two thoufand fix hundred of 
our Years, ahd he orders all Things through the 
Globe of the Moon in Matters or Religion, as ab- 
folutely as the Pope doth in any Part of Italy ; I 
would fain have feen this Man, but was not per- 
mitted to come near him, his Name is lmozes. 

Now let me fettle myfelf to a long Night's Sleep, 
to which End my Attendants take Charge of my 
Birds, prepare my Lodging, and fignify to me by 
Signs how I muft order myfelf. It was then about 
the Middle ot September, when I perceived the Air 
more clear than ordinary, and with the Increafe of 
the Light I began to feel myfelf firft dull and then 
heavy toSleep, thoughl hadnot been lately difturbed 
of my Reft : At length I delivered myfelf into the 
Cuftody of this Sifter of Death, whofe Prifbner I 
was for almoft a Fortnight after, and then awak- 
ing, it is not to be believed how brilk and vigorous 
I found the Faculties both of my Body and Mind j 
I then applied myfelf to learning the Language, 
which is the fame throughout all the Regions of 
the Moon, yet not lb wonderful, fince I believe all 
F the 

36 'The Voyage and Adventures • 

the Earth of the Moon does not amount to the 
fortieth Part of our inhabited Earth, partly be- 
caufe the Globe of the Moon is far lefs, and be- 
fides the Sea or Ocean covers very nigh- three Parts 
of four, whereas the Land and Sea in our World 
may be judged of an equal Meafure. Their Lan- 
guage is very difficult, fince it hath no Affinity 
with any other I ever heard, and confifts not \'o much 
of Words and Letters, as Tunes and ftrange Sounds 
which no Letters can exprefs, for there are few 
Words but fignify feveral Things, and are diftin- 
guifhed only by their Sounds, which arefung as it 
were in uttering; yea many Words confift of i'unes 
only, without Words : By Occafion whereof I find 
a Language may be framed, and eafily learned, as 
copious as any other in the World only of Tunes, 
which is an Experiment worth fearching after: 
Notwithrtanding thefe Difficulties, within two 
Months I attained tofuch Knowledge therein, that 
I underftbou mod Queftions demanded of me, and 
with Signs and Words made reafonable Shift to ut- 
ter my Mind ; which Pylonas having Notice of, he 
oft-times fent for me, and was pleafed to inform me 
of many Things my Guardians durft not difclofe, 
though I muft needs fay I never found they abufed 
me with an Untruth, but if I afked a Queftion 
they were unwilling to refolve, they would fhake 
their Heads, and with a Spanijh Shrug divert to 
fome other Difcourfe. 

After feven Months Time the great lrdonozur, 
making his Progrefs to a Place about two hundred 
Leagues from the Palace of Pylonas, fent for me, 
yet would not admit me into his Prefence, but dif- 
courfed me throngh a Window, where I might hear 
him, and he hear and fee me at Pieafure. I pre- 
fented him the Remainder of my Jewels, which he 
thankfully accepted, faying, he would requite them 


Of Domingo Gonsales. : $7 

frith Gifts of a far more confiderable Value. I 
flayed there above a Quarter of a Moon, when I 
was again fent back to Pylonas, for if we had ftayed 
a Day or two longer the Sun would have overtaken 
us before we could have recovered our Home. 
The Gifts he beftowed on me were fuch, that a Man 
would part with Mountains of Gold to purchafe ; 
they were all Stones, nine only in Number, of three 
Sorts, one called Poleajiis, another Machrus, and 
the third Ebelus, of each Sort three; the firft are 
about the Bignefs of an Hazle-nut, very like Jet, 
which among many other incredible Virtues hath 
this Property, that being once put in the Fire they 
ever after retain their Heat, though without any 
outward Appearance, till quenched with fome kind 
of Liquor, which no way endamages them, though 
heated and cooled therein a thouland Times •, their 
Heat is fo vehement, that it will make any Metal 
within a Foot of it red hot, and being in a Chim- 
ney warms the Room as if a great Fire were kindled 
therein. The Machrus is yet more precious, in 
Colour like a Topaz, fo clear and refplendent, as 
though not above the Bignefs of a Bean, yet being 
placed in the Night in the midft of a large Church, 
it makes all as light as if an hundred Lamps were 
hanged round •, can any Man wifh for more ufeful 
Properties in a Stone than thefe ? Yet my Ebelus 
is fo excellent, that it may be much preferred before 
them, yea prized above all the Diamonds, Sap- 
phires, Rubies, and Emeralds that our World can 
afford. The Lunar Colour is fo exceeding beautiful, 
that a Man would travel a thoufand Leagues to 
behold it, the Shape is fomewhat flat, of the 
Breadth of a Piece of Eight, and twice the Thick- 
nefs, one Side is of a more orient Colour than the 
other, which being clapt to a Man's bare Skin, 
takes away all the Weight and Ponderoufnefsof his 
F 2 Body, 

38 The Voyage and Adventures 

Body, but turning the other Side, it adds Force to 
the attractive Beams of the Earth either in this 
World or that, and makes the Body halt as heavy 
again: Do you wonder now, vvhy I fhoul>i fo over- 
prize this Stone? Before you lee me on Earth again, 
you will find I have Reafon to value this invaluable 
Jewel. 1 enquired, whether thev had not any kind 
of Jem, or other Means to make a Man invifible, 
which I judged a Thing or admirable Ufe, and 
could mention divers of our learned Men who had 
written to this Purpofe •, they anfwered, that if 
it were pofiible, yet they were fure Heaven would 
not fufrer it to be revealed to us Creatures fubject 
to fo many I m perfections, and which might be 
eafily abukd to ill Purpofes, and this was all I could 
get of them. 

Now after it was known that lrdonozur the great 
Monarch had done me this Honour, it is ftrange 
how much all refpeded me more than before ; my 
Guardians, who had been hitherto cautious in re- 
lating any thing of the Government of that World, 
grew now more open, fo that from them and Pylo- 
nas together I underftood many notable Particu- 
lars ; as that in a thouland Years there is found 
neither Thief nor Whore-monger, for firft there 
is no want of any thing neceffary for the Ufe of 
Man, Food growing every where without Labour, 
of all Sorts that can be defired. As for Cloths, 
Houfes, or whatever elfe a Man may be fuppofed 
to want, it is provided by their Superiors, though 
not without fome Labour, but yet fo eafy as if 
they did it for Plealure : Again, their Females are 
all abfclute Beauties, and by a fecret Difpofition of 
Nature, a Man there having once known a Wo- 
man never deiires any othet : Murther was never 
heard of amongft them, neither is it hardly pof- 
fible to be committed, for there can be no Wound 


Of Domingo Gonsales. 39 

made but what is curable -, yea they affured me, 
and for my Part I believe it, that though a Man's 
Head be cut off, yet if within three Moons ir be 
joined to the Cat cafe again, and the Juice of a cer- 
tain Herb there growing applied, it vv ill be fo con- 
iblidated, as the wounded Party (hall be perfectly 
cured. But the chief Caufe of their good Govern- 
ment is an excellent Difpofition in the Nature of 
the People, fo that all both Old and Young ha e 
all manner of Vice, and live in fuch Love, Peace, 
and Amity, as it feems to be another Paradife : 
Though it is true likewife that fome are of a better 
Difpofition than others, which they difcern imme- 
diately at their Birth •, and becaufe ir i<; an inviolable 
Law amongft them that none mail be put to Death ; 
thereiore perceiving by their Stature or fome other 
Signs, who are like to be of a wicked and debauched 
Humour, they lend them, I know not by what 
Means, into the Earth, and change them for other 
Children, before they have either Opportunity or 
Ability to do a mils among them ; but firft, they 
fay, they are fain to keep them there for fome 
Time, till the Air of the Earth alters their Colour 
like ours. Their ordinary Vent for them is. a cer- 
tain high Hill in the North of America, whole 
People, I am apt to believe, are wholly defcended 
from them, both in regard of their Colour, and 
their continual ufe of Tobacco, which the Lunars 
or Moon Men fmoak exceedingly, the Place abound- 
ing much with Moifture, together with the Plea- 
fure they take therein, and fome other Refpects too 
long to rehearfe: Sometimes, though but feldom, 
they miftake their Aim, and fall upon Europe* Afia % 
or Africa. I remember fome Years fince I read 
certain Stories tending to confirm what is related by 
thefe Lunars, and efpeciaily one Chapter of Neu- 
brigenfis. Inigo Mondejar, in his Defcription or No- 

40 The Voyage and Adventures 

va Granata. Alfo Jofeph Defia de Carana y in bfo 
Hiltory of Mexico, if my Memory fail not, recount 
what will make my Report more creditable ; but [ 
value not Teftimonies. 

If you enquire how Juftice is executed, alas, what 
need is there of examplary Punifhment where no 
Offences are committed •, neither need they any 
Lawyers, for there is no Contention, the Seeds 
whereof, when they begin to fprout, are by the 
Wifdom of the next Superior pluckt up by the 
Roots. And as little Want is there of Phyilcians, 
they never furfeit themfelves ; the Air is always 
pure and temperate, neither is there any Caufe of 
Sicknefs, I could never hear of any that were dif- 
tempered. But the Time afiigned them by Nature 
being fpent, they die without the lead Pain, or 
rather ceafe to live, as a Candle does to give Light 
when what nourifhes it is confumed. I was once 
at the Departure of one of them, and was much 
furprized, that notwithstanding the happy Life he 
lived, and the Multitude of Friends and Children 
he mould forfake, yet as foon as he underftood his 
End to approach, he prepared a great Feaft, and 
inviting all whom " he efteemed, exhorts them, 
" to be merry and rejoice with him, fince the 
" Time was come he mould now leave the coun- 
" terfeit Pleafures of that World, and be made 
" Partaker of all true Joy and perfect Happinefs." 
I did not fo much admire his own Conftancy, as 
the Behaviour of his Friends : With us in the like 
Cafe all feem to mourn, when many of them do 
oft but laugh in their Sleeves, or under a Vizard. 
But here all both Young and Old did, in my Con- 
fidence, not pretendedly, but really rejoice thereat, 
and if any diflembled, it was only Grief for their 
own particular Lofs. Being dead their Bodies pu- 
trify not, and fo are not buried, but kept in certain. 


Of Domingo Gonsales. 41 

Rooms appointed to that Purpofe, fo that moil of 
them can (hew their Anceftors Bodies uncorrupt for 
many Generations: There is never any Rain, 
Wind, or change of Weather, never either Sum- 
mer or Winter, but as it were a perpetual Spring, 
yielding all Pleafure and Content, free from the 
leaft Trouble or Annoyance i O my Wife and 
Children, what Wrong have you done me to bereave 
me of the Happinefs of that Place ! But it is no 
great Matter, for by this Voyage I am iufficiently 
allured, that when the Race of my mortal Life is 
run, I mall attain a greater Happinefs elfewhere. 

It was the ninth of September that I be^an to 
afcend from the Pike of feneriff; twelve Days I 
was upon my Voyage, and arrived in that Province 
of the Moon called Simiri, Sept. 21. May 12, we 
came to the Court of the great Irdonozur, and re- 
turned back the 1 7th to the Palace of Pylonas, where 
I continued till March 1601. When I earneftly 
requefted Pylonas, as I had oft done before, to give 
me Leave to depart, tho' with Hazard of my Life, 
back into the Earth again. He difluaded me,'in- 
fifting on the Danger of the Voyage, the Mifery of 
that Place from whence I came, and the abundant 
Happinels I now enjoyed ; but the Remembrance 
of my Wife and Children, outweighed all thefe 
Reafons, and to fay the Truth, I wa°s fo elated with 
a Defire of the Glory I mould purchafe at my Re- 
turn, as methought I deferved not the Name of a 
Spaniard, if I would not hazard twenty Lives rather 
than lofe the leaft Particle thereof. I replied I 
had fo ftrong a Defire to fee my Children, that I 
could not poflibly live any longer without goincr t0 
them : He then requefted me to ftay one Year fond- 
er •, I told him, I mult needs depart now or neve^r 
my Birds began to droop for want of their ufual 
Voyage, three were already dead, and if a few more 


42 The Voyage and Adventures 

failed, I -.vas deditute of all Poffibility of Return. 
At length with much Sollicking I prevailed, having 
fir It acquainted the great Iraonozur with my Inten- 
tions, and perceiving by the often baying of my 
Birds agreat Longing in them to be gone, 1 trimmed 
up my Engine, and took my Leave of Pylonas, and 
March 29, three Days after my waking from the 
latt Moon's J >ight, I fattened myfelf to my Engine, 
not forgetting to take the Jewels Irdonozur had 
given me, with the Virtues and Ule whereof Py/o- 
nas had acquainted me at large, wiih a fmall Quan- 
tity of' Victuals, whereof afterward I had great Oc- 
cafi n. A valt Multitude of People being prefent, 
and among them Pyionas himfelf, after I had given 
thorn all the laft Farewel, I let loofe the Reins to 
my Birds, who with much Greedinejs taking Wing, 
quickly carried me out of Sight •, it happened to me 
as in my fiift PalTage, for I never felt either Hun- 
ger or Third till I fell upon an high Mountain in 
China, about five Leagues from the High and 
Mighcy City oiPcquin. This Voyage was perform- 
ed in leis than nine Days, neither heard 1 any News 
of tfVfe airy Men I met with in my afcending -, 
nothing dayed me in my Journey, whether becaufe 
of the earned Defire of my Birds to return to the 
Earth, having already miffed their Scafon, or that 
the Attraction of the Earth was fo much dronger 
than that of the Moon, and fo made it eafier, yet 
fo it was. though I had three Birds lefs than before. 
For the fird eight Days my Birds flew before me, 
and I on the Engine was as it were drawn after ; but 
the ninth Day, when 1 began to approach the 
Cl uds, I perceived myfelf and Engine to fink to- 
ward ihe Earth, and go before them. I was then 
horribly afraid, lead my Birds unable to bear our 
Weighr, being fo few,' fhould be condrained to 
precipitate both me and themfelves headlong to the 


Of Domingo Gonsa^s. 43 

Earth, and thought it very neceflary to make ufe of 
my Stone Ebelus, which I clapt to my bare Skin with- 
in my Clothes, and inftantly I perceived my Birds 
made way with greater Eafe than before, as Teeming 
freed from a great Burthen, neither do I think 
they could podibly have let me down fafely to the 
Earth without that Help. 

China is a Country fo populous, that I think 
there is fcarce a Piece of Ground thrice a Man's 
Length which is not carefully manured : I being 
yet in the Air, fome of the Country People fpying 
me came running by Troops, and feized me, woujd 
needs carry me before a Magiftrate, and feeing no 
other Remedy I yielded to them. But when I 
tried to go I found myfelf fo light, that one Foot 
being on the Ground I had much ado to kt down 
?he other, which was by reafon my Ebelus took all 
Weight away from my Body, therefore I pretended 
a Defire of performing the Neceflities of Nature j 
which being made known to them by Signs, for 
they underftood not a Word of any Language I 
could fpeak, they permitted me to go afide among 
a few Bufhes, alluring themfelves it was impoilible 
I fhould efcape from them ; being there, 1 remem- 
bred Pylonas his Directions about the Ufe of my 
Stones, and knit them up, with a few remaining 
jewels, into an Handkerchief, all except the leaft 
and worft Ebelus, -which I found Means to apply 
in fuch Manner to my Body, that but the half or its 
Side touched my Skin; this done I drew toward 
my Guardians, till coming fo near that they could 
not crofs my Way, I (hewed them a fair Pair of 
Heels, that I might have Time to hide my Jewels, 
which I knew they would have robbed me of if noc 
prevented. Being thus lightened I led them fuch a 
Dance, that had they been all upon the Backs of 
fo many Race-Horfes they could never have over- 

G jaken 

44 fbc Voyage and Adventures 

taken me •, I directed my Courfe to a thick Wood, 
wherein I entered about a Quarter of a League, and 
there finding a fine Spring, which I took for my 
Mark, I thruft my Jewels into a Hole made by a 
Mole hard by. 

I then took my Victuals out of my Pocket, to 
which till now in all my Voyage I had not the leaft 
Appetite, and refrefhed myfelf therewith, till the 
People who purfued overtook me, into whole Hands 
1 quietly furrendered myfelf; they led me to an 
inferior Officer, who underftanding that I efcaped 
from thofe who firft apprehended me, caufed an 
Inclofure of Boards to be made, wherein they pu: 
me, fo that only my Head was at Liberty, and then 
carried me upon the Shoulders of four Slaves, like 
fome notorious Malefactor, before a Perfon of great 
Authority, who in their Language I learnt, was 
called a Mandarin, and refided a League off the 
famous City of Pequin. I could not underftand 
them, but found I was accufed for fomething with 
much Vehemence, the Subftance of this Accufation 
it feems was, that I was a Magician, as appeared by 
my being fo (Irangely carried in the Air, and that 
being a Stranger, as both my Language and Habic 
did declare, I contrary to the Laws of China had 
entered the Kingdom without a Warrant, and pro- 
bably for no good Intent. The Mandarin heard 
them with a great deal of Gravity, and being a 
Man of quick Apprehenfion, and ftudious of No- 
velties, he told them he would take fuch Order as 
the Cafe required, and my bold Attempt mould 
not go unpuniflied : Having difmift them, he or- 
dered his Servants I mould be kept in a remote Part 
of his vaft Palace, be ftrictly guarded, and kindly 
ufed ; this I conjecture by my Treatment, and what 
followed, for my Accommodation was much bet- 
ter than I could expect, I lodged well, eat well, 


Of Domingo Gonsales* 45 

was well attended, and could complain of nothing 
but my Reftraint; Thus continued I many Months*, 
afflicted more with the Thoughts of my G an/as than, 
any Thing elfe, who I knew muft be irrecoverably 
loit, as indeed they were. 

In this Time by my own Induftry, and the Af- 
fiftance of thofe who accompanied me, I learnt to 
fpeak indifferently the Language of that Province, 
(for almoft every Province in China hath its pro- 
per Tongue) whereat I perceived they were much 
pleafed : At length I was permitted to take the 
Air, and brought into the fpacious Garden of that 
Palace, a Place of extraordinary Pleafure and De- 
light, adorned with Herbs and Flowers of admi- 
ble Sweetnefs and Beauty, with almoft infinite Va- 
riety of Fruits, European and others, all compofed 
with that rare Curiofity, as even ravifhed my Senfes 
in the Contemplation of fuch delightful Objects; I 
had not long recreated myfelf here, when thz Man- 
darin entered the Garden on that Side I was walk- 
ing, of which having Notice by his Servants, and 
that I ought to kneel to him (a ufual Reverence I 
found toward great Officers) I did fo, and humbly 
intreated his Favour toward a poor Stranger, who 
arrived in thefe Parts not defignedly, but by the fe- 
cret Difpofal of the Heavens •, he anfwered in a 
different Language which I hear all the Mandarins 
ufe, and like that of the Lunars confiding chiefly of 
Tunes, which was interpreted by one of his At- 
tendants, wifhing me to be of good Comfort, fince 
he intended no Harm to me. Next Day I was or- 
dered to come before him, and being conducted 
into a noble Dining-room exquifitely painted, the 
Mandarin commanding all to avoid, vouchfafed to 
confer with me in the vulvar Language, enquiring 
into the State of my Country, the Power of my 
Prince, and the Religion and Manners of the Peo- 
, G 2 pie i. 

46" The Voyage and Adventures 

pie-, wherein having fatisfied him, he afked rnc 
about my Education, and what brought me into 
this remote Country •, I then declared to him the 
Adventures of my Life, omitting what I thought 
convenient, and efpecially forbearing to mention 
the Stones given me by Irdonozur. 

The Strangenefs of my Story did much amaze 
him, and finding in all my Difcourfe nothing tend- 
ing to Magick, wherein he hoped by my Means to 
be inftructed, he began to admire the Excellency of 
my Wit, applauding me for the happieft Man 
that this World ever faw, and wiming me to re- 
pofe myfelf after my long Narration, he for that 
Time difmifTed me. Alter which the Mandarin 
took fo much Delight in me, that no Day parTed 
wherein he did not fend for me : At length he ad- 
viied me to cloath myfelf in the Habit of that Coun- 
try, which i willingly did, and gave me not only 
the Liberty of his Houfe, but took me aifo with 
him when he went to Pequin, whereby I had Op- 
portunity to learn the Pifpofition of the People, 
and the Policy of the Country, neither did I by my 
Attendance on him, gain only the Knowledge of 
thefe Thing?, but the Poffibility likewife of being 
refioi ed to my native Soil, and to thofe dear Pledges 
which I value above the World, even my Wife 
and Children : For by often frequenting Peqitin, I 
at length heard of fome Fathers of the Society of 
Jefus, who were become famous for their extraor- 
dinary Favour with the King, to whom rhey had 
prelented fome European, as Clocks, Watches, 
Dials, and the like, which by them were counted 
exquifite Curiofities. To thefe by the Mandarin's 
Leave I repaired, and was welcomed by them, they 
much wondering to fee a Lay Spaniard there, whi- 
ther they had with fo much Diiiiculty obtained 
I .vavt to arrive. There did I relate to Father Pen- 


Of Domingo Gonsales. 47 

toja and others of the Society the forementioned 
Adventures, by whofe Directions I put them in 
"Writing, and ient this Story of my Fortunes to 
Mac&a, from thence to be conveyed to Spain, as a 
Forerunner of my Return; and the Mandarin being 
indulgent to me, I came often to the Fathers, with 
whom I confulted about many Secrets, and with them 
alfo laid the Foundation of my Return, the bleffed 
Hour whereof I do with Patience expect, that by 
enriching my Country with the Knowledge of thefe 
hidden Myfteries, I may at laft reap the Glory of 
my fortunate Misfortunes. 

A Journey of fever al Englim Merchants from Ora- 
tava in TenerifF, one of the Canary Iflands on the 
Coafi 0/ Africa, to the top of the Pike in that 
Jflandy with the Obfervations they made there. 

MEntion being made in the preceding Story 
of the Pike of Teneriff, it may be fome Di- 
version to infert the following little Journey per- 
formed by divers Engliflomen a few Years fince to 
the Top, who publilhed the following Account 

The Pike of Tenerijf'is thought not to have its 
Equal in the World tor Height, its Top being fo 
much above the Clouds, that in clear Weather it 
may be feen fixty Dutch Leagues at Sea. 

It cannot be afcended but in July and Auguft y 
lying all the other Months covered with Snow, 
though upon this and the near adjacent Iflands 
none is to be feen : It requires three Days travel 
to come to the top : The Merchants and other 
worthy Perfons who undertook this Journey pro- 
ceed thus. Having furnifhed ourfelves with a Guide, 
Servants, and Horfes to carry our Wine and Pro- 


48 The Voyage and Adventures 

vifion, we let forth from Oratava, a Port Town in 
the Ifland of Teneriff^ fituate on the North Side, 
two Mile diftant from the main bea, and travelled 
from twelve at Night till eight in the Morning, by 
which 'lime we got to the Top of the firft Moun- 
tain toward the Pico de Terraira ; there under a 
very large and confpicuous Pine Tree we took our 
Breakfaft, dined, and refrelht ourfeives till two in 
the Afternoon. Then we p ;iTed through many 
fandy Ways, over many Jofty Mountains, but 
naked and bare, and not covered with Pine Trees 
as our fir ft Night's Paflage was ; this expo Ted us 
to exceflive Heat, till we arrived to the Foot of the 
Pico, where we found divers huge Stones, which 
feemed to have fallen from fome upper Part : About 
fix in the Evening we began to afcend up the Pico, 
but were fcarce advanced a Mile, when the Way 
being no more paffable for Horfes, we left them 
with our Servants. In the Afcent of one Mile, fome 
of our Company grew very faint and fick, difor- 
dered by Fluxes, Vomitings, and agueifh Diftem? 
pers, our Horfes Hair (landing up like Bridles, and 
calling for fome of our Wine carried in fmall Bar- 
rels on an Horfe, we found it fb wonderfully cold, 
that we could not drink it till we had made a Fire 
to warm it, notwithftanding the Air was very calm 
and moderate, but when the Sun was let, it began 
to blow with fuch Violence, and grew fo cold, 
that taking up our Lodging among the hollow 
Rocks, we were neceffitated to keep Fires in the 
Mouths of them all Night. . 

About four in the Morning we began to mount 
again, and being come another Mile up, one of 
our Company failed and was able to proceed no 
further : Here began the black Rocks ; the reft of 
us purfued our Journey till we came to the Sugar 
Loaf, where we began to travel again in a white 


0/ Domingo Gonsal£s; 49 

Sand, being fitted with Shoes, whofe fingle Soles 
are made a Finger broader than the upper Lea- 
thers, to encounter this difficult PafTage : Having 
afcended as far the black Rocks, which lay all flat 
like, a plain Floor, we climbed within a Mile of 
the very Top of the Pico, and at lad we attained 
the Summit, where we found no fuch Smoak as 
appeared a little below, but a continual Perfpira- 
tion of a hot and fulphureous Vapour that made 
our Faces extremely fore -, all this way we found 
no confiderable Alteration of the Air, and very 
little Wind, but on the Top it was fo impetuous, 
that we had much ado to ftand againft it whilft we 
drank K. Charles II. Health, and fired each of us a 
Gun. Here alfo we took our Dinner, but found 
that our ftrong Waters had loft their Virtue, and 
were almoft infipid, while our Wine was more brifk 
and fpirituous than before : The Top on which we 
flood being not above a Yard broad, is the Brink of 
a Pit called the Caldera, which we judged to be a 
Mufket Shot over, and near fourfcore Yards deep, in 
form of a Cone, hollow within like a Kettle, and 
covered over with fmall loofe Stones mixed with 
Sulphur and Sand, from among which iflued di- 
vers Spiracles of Smoak and Heat, which being 
ftirred with any Thing puffs and makes a Noife, 
and is fo offenfive, that we were even fuffocated 
with the fudden rifing of Vapors, upon removing 
one of thefe Stones, which were fo hot as not ea^ 
fily to be handled ; we defcended not above four or 
five Yards into the Caldera or Caldron, becaufe of 
the Slipperinefs under Foot, and the Difficulty; 
but fome have adventured to the Bottom : Other 
Matters obfervable we difcovered none, befides a 
clear fort of Sulphur which lay like Salt upon the 
Stones : From this renowned Pico we could fee the 
Grand Canaries fourteen Leagues, diftant, Palma 
eighteen, and Gomera feven, which Interval of Sea 


50 The Voyace and Adventures 

feemed not much wider than the Thames about 
London; we difcerned alfo the Herro, being di(tant 
about twenty Leagues, and fo to the utmoit Limits 
of the Sea much farther : As foon as the Sun ap- 
peared, the Shadow of the Pico feemed to cover not 
only the whole Ifland and the Grand Canaries, but 
the Sea to the very Horizon, where the Top of 
the Sugar -Loaf or Pico vifibly appeared to turn up, 
and call its Shade into the Air itfelf, at which we 
were much furprized. 

But the Sun was not far afcended when the Clouds 
began to rife fo fait, as intercepted our Profpecl 
both of the Sea and the whole Ifland, except the 
Tops only of the fubjacent Mountains, which feemed 
to pierce them through ; whether thefe Clouds do 
ever furmount the Pico we cannot fay, but to fuch 
as are far below they leem fometimes to hang above 
it, or rather wrap themfelves about it, constantly 
when the Weft Winds blow; this they call the Cap, 
and is an infallible Prognoftick of enluing Storms : 
One of our Company who made this Journey again 
two Years after, arriving at the Top of the Pico 
before Day, and creeping under a great Stone to 
fhroud himfelf from the cold Air, after a little 
Space found himfelf all wet, and perceived it to 
come from a perpetual trickling of trie Water from 
the Rocks above him : Many excellent and exu- 
berant Springs we found ifluing from the Tops of 
mod of the other Mountains, gufhing out in great 
Spouts, almoft as far as the huge Fine Tree we men- 
tioned before ; having ftayed a while at the Top, 
we all defcended the fandy Way till we came to 
the Foot of the Sugar-Loaf, which being fteep even 
almoft to a Perpendicular we foon paired, and here 
we met with a Cave about ten Yards deep and fif- 
teen broad, being in Shape like an Oven or Cu- 
pola, having a Hole at the Top near eight Yards 

over ; 

Of DOMINGO Gonsales. 49 

Over ; this we defcended by a Rope that our Ser- 
vants held faft on the Top, while with the other 
End being fattened about our Middles we fwung 
ourfelves, till being over a Bank of Snow we Hid 
down, lighting upon it •, we were forced to fwing 
thus in the Defcent, becaufe in the Midft of the 
Bottom of this Cave oppofite to the Overture at the 
Top, is a round Pit of Water like a Well, the fur- 
face whereof is about a Yard lower, but as wide 
as the Mouth at Top, and about fix Fathom deep ; 
we fuppofed this Water was not a Spring, but dif- 
folved Snow blown in, or Water trickling through, 
the Rocks ; about the Sides of the Grott for fome 
Height there is Ice and Ificles hanging down to 
the Snow. 

But being quickly weary of this excefilve cold 
Place, and drawn up again, we continued our 
Defcent from the Mountains by the fame PaiTage 
we went up the Day before, and fo about five in 
the Evening arrived at Oratava, from whence we 
let forth •, our Faces were fo red and fore that to cool 
them we were forced to wafh and bathe them in 
whites of Eggs : The whole Height of the Pico in. 
Perpendicular is vulgarly efteemed to be two Miles 
and an half. No Trees, Herbs nor Shrubs did we 
find in all the PafTage, but Pines* and among the 
whiter Sands a kind of Broom being a bufhy Plant : 
It is the Opinion of fome ingenious Perfons who 
have lived twenty Years upon the Place, that the 
whole Ifland being a Soil mightily impregnated 
with Brimftone, did in former Times take Fire, 
and blow up all or near all at the fame Time ; and 
that many Mountains of huge Stones calcined and 
burnt, which appear all over this Ifland, efpecially 
in the South-Weft Part of it, were cad up and 
raifed out of the Bowels, of the Earth at the Time 
of that general Conflagration •, and that the greateft 
H Quantity 

fcOOKS Printed for }, Lever/ 

Quantity of this Sulphur lying about the Center of 
the Ifland raifed up the Pico to that Height at 
which it now is feen ; which appears by the Situ- 
ation of thofe Rocks that lye three or four Miles 
round the Bottom of the Pico, and in fuch Order 
one above another almoft to the Sugar Loaf, as it is 
called, as if the whole ground fwelling and rifing 
up together by the Afcenfion of the Brimftone, the 
Torrents and Rivers of it did with a fudden Erup- 
tion roul and tumble them down from the reft of 
the Rocks; efpecially to the South- Weft, where 
from the Top of the Pico to the Sea coaft lie huge 
Heaps of thefe burnt Rocks one under another, 
and there ftill remain the very Tracks of the Brim- 
ftone Rivers as they ran over this Quarter of the 
Ifland which hath fo wafted the Ground, beyond 
Recovery, that nothing can be made to grow there 
but Broom. 

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