(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Strawberry Valley Irrigation Project, Utah"

^ 









1 P^" 



Ale. 



V 



THE 

Strawberry Valley 

Irrigation Project 

Utah 





Issued by 

THE STRAWBERRY VALLEY WATER USERS' ASSOCIATION 

SPANISH FORK, UTAH 



Compiled by A. F. ENGBERG 








jforehiorb 



«v_ jn. 




© 



HE completion, in 1913, of the 
Strawberry Valley Irrigation pro- 
ject, now under construction by 
the Government Reclamation 
Service, is attracting the attention of 
people from all parts of the United 
\ States, particularly the class who are 
interested in the possibilities and the 
development of farming and fruit rais- 
ing by irrigation. The result of this 
interest has been a flood of inquir- 
ers for information, and the object 
of this booklet is to supply the 
facts without any overdrawn or 
highly-colored stories. 

The results of irrigation in this 
locality are too well known to 
make it necessary to enter into a 
lengthy essay covering the bound- 
less possibilities. There is a demand 
for diversified farming in Utah 
Valley; for the development of idle lands; for the increase of pro- 
ducers and consumers, the growers of things the towns and mining 
camps must have, and the buyers of things the merchants must 
sell; and it all falls in with the extensive work of scientific irrigation. 
In this vallej'- where formerly stretched the gray desolation of 
sage brush the rose is blooming, and all that has been accomplished 
in the way of putting Nature's bloom on these regions where the 
moisture has been insufficient, is small compared with what is under 
way and will come into realization. The reclamation hose will soon 
be turned on. 

To all classes of ambitious men the cities of Spanish Fork and 
Payson and the towns of Salem, Mapleton, Benjamin, Lake Shore, 
Leland, Palmyra and the vast outlying country under this project 
offers a field for energy. The rewards are certain and commensurate 
with skill and application. 

All statements have been approved by a committee appointed by 
the Strawberry Valley Water Users' Association. The information, 
the illustrations and the designing of this booklet is the work of A. F. 
Engberg, Spanish Fork, Utah. 



A BIT OF HISTORY 



HE Straw lurry Valley Irrigation Project was born 
in 1902. Its mother was Necessity. More than 
60,0(10 acres of fruit and flower land in Utah Valley 
was thirsty. The farmers and owners of fertile 
bench land were severely handicapped and the own- 
ers of bottom land, skirting Utah Lake for miles in- 
land on the east and south, had a very inadequate 
supply of water from Spanish Fork River. The 
fact that crops of nearly every nature could be har- 
vested to a profit under these conditions led the 
tillers of the soil to fathom out a system of irriga- 
tion more voluminous and persistent than was ever 
realized from their dependence upon the rainfall. 
Probably the officials of the Spanish Fork 
East Bench Irrigation and Manufacturing Company 
were the first to investigate the matter of diverting unused waters. 
They met with unsurmountable obstacles and discouragement at every 
turn. There were private ownerships of water to contend with and 
there were State regulations which prohibited the impounding of 
water in the feasible localities. The first bit of success attending 
the researches of this sturdy company was the diversion of water 
from White River into the Spanish Fork River channel, 1896. 

In August, 1902, State Senator Henry Gardner, Heber C. Jex, 
(then Mayor of Spanish Fork), James S. McBeth and other citizens 





Forebay on Power Canal, Strawberry Valley Irrigation Project. 




OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS STRAWBERRY VALLEY WATER 

USERS ASSOCIATION 

Roger Creer, Sec. Jas. S. McBeth, Pres. Jas. M. Creer, V.-Pres. 

Lars Nielsen. Win. T. Tew. Heber C. .Tex. 

E. B. K. Ferguson. Henry Sabin. Hyrum Lemon. 



of Payson, A. T. Money, Theodore Dedrickson, E. B. K. Ferguson 
and Fred Matley of Spanish Fork, went into the Strawberry Valley 
with a view of investigating the possibility of tapping the vast basin. 
Mayor Heber C. Jex had secured the services of Engineer Frank 
C. Kelsey, who made a preliminary survey, and upon his report to 
the committee the water was then filed on and appropriated. 




i i 


: mh 

-r- — Tg| 


air 

* - 
I 







■ - 




Group of Scenes Showing Various Constructions, Strawberry Valley 




t . * , t _j .^m^^k. i 



East Portal Power Plant Tunnel No. 1, Strawberry Project. 



Work was begun by a company of private citizens, who con- 
tinued at it for a period of eighteen months. In 1904 a committee 
appointed from the beneficiaries under the project made an appeal 
to the United States Government for aid. The matter of piercing 
the rim of the great Strawberry Basin, a distance of approximately 
four miles, and the construction of a dam across Strawberry River^ 
forty-five feet high, was no small undertaking. Through the unceasing 
efforts of U. S. Senator Reed Smoot and George Sutherland, and the 
investigations of Government engineers, the reclamation authorities be- 
came interested, and accordingly surveys were made and the project 
found feasible. Application was made to the Secretary of the Interior 
for permission to locate a reservoir in Strawberry Valley, which was 
granted. From here the plan took definite form and the successful 
completion of the work was practically assured. 

The Strawberry Valley Water Users' Association was now incor- 
porated under the laws of the State of Utah with a capital stock of 
50,000 shares. A contract was executed and forwarded to the chief 
engineer of the Reclamation Service and the effect of. it is that the 
United States Government has the work under headway and will 
complete it. 

And now, in the pages following, are facts, as we see them, and 
illustrations. Every statement has been carefully verified. The effort 
has been extreme conservatism in presenting the advantages of this 
region. 




THE PROJECT 



CJ 



J. L. Lytel, Project Engineer. 
U. S. R. S. 



'HE Strawberry Valley 
Project contemplates 
the irrigation of 60,- 
000 acres of mesa and 
bottom land lying 
about sixty miles 
south of Salt Lake City on the 
east and south shores of Utah 
Lake. The project consists of a 
large storage basin in which it will 
be possible to impound 110,000 
acre-feet of water. The reservoir, 
covering an area of 6,000 acres, is 
designed to catch and store for irri- 
gation purposes the waters of 
Strawberry River and Indian Creek. 
Adjacent to these larger streams 
are dozens of smaller tributaries, 
which empty into the waterways. The construction of a dam forty-five 
feet high across Strawberry River on the east side of the valley 
will result in the creation of a veritable sea in the tops of the Wasatch 
range of mountains about thirty-eight miles east of Spanish Fork, 
Utah. 

The construction of the Strawberry Tunnel, 7,500 feet above sea 
level, on the west rim of the valley, is undoubtedly the most beautiful 
piece of engineering the Reclamation Service has ever undertaken. 
In magnitude it is second only to the giant bore now completed 
from the brink of the Gunnison River, in Colorado. 

The Strawberry Tunnel is 19,000 
feet in length, with a capacity 
of 500 second-feet, by which the 
water is conveyed through the rim 
of the great basin into a tributary 
of Spanish Fork River, from which 
it is diverted into the canals by a 
concrete diversion dam and head- 
works. 

In the summer time, the work of 
tunneling is carried on without par- 
ticular difficulty, but in the winter 
the storms are heavy at this height, 
and the snow is driven about by 
the blast and settles deeply on the 
mountains, rendering operations 




State Senator Henry Gardner, 



extremely difficult. The snow-fall 
on the watershed during the winter 
of 1908, as shown by measurements 
made in the snow-boxes prescribed 
by the United States Weather bu- 
reau, was 272 inches. 

It will be approximately four 
years before the Strawberry Tunnel 
is completed, as it can be driven 
from the two ends only. The depth 
from the top of the mountain to 
the line of the tunnel is so great 
that shafts cannot be sunk profit- 
ably to form intermediate headings. 
The concrete-lined section of the 
tunnel is about sixty square feet in 
area, or six and one-half by seven 
and one-half feet, with arched roof. 
There is now excavated and timbered at the west portal about 4,000 
linear feet. 

As a primary step in the construction of the project, a wagon 
road thirty-two miles long, cut out of wild mountain defiles, some- 
times out of solid rock, has been constructed from the D. & R. G. 
Railroad by way of the west portal of the tunnel to the Strawberry 
Reservoir site. It is hardly doing justice to the engineers to use the 
term "wagon road," it is a veritable boulevard, constructed and 




U. S. Senator Reed Smoot. 




Water Shed, West Portal Strawberry Tunnel. 




Unloading a Muck Train, West Portal Strawberry Tunnel. 

maintained along lines far above the average road-builder's capacity. 
The Government is working the poll tax, and there arc no chucks 
nor cobble-stones to contend with. Where formerly impossible fords 
were there are now reliable bridges. The transportation of ponderous 
machinery to the elevation of nearly 9,000 feet has not been under- 
estimated by the Service. 

A telephone line thirty-eight miles long, connected with the Utah 
Independent Telephone Company from Spanish Fork to all the prom- 
inent features of the project is a worthy factor. This line will be 
used during the period of construction of the project and afterwards 
in connection with the operation and maintenance. 

Running almost parallel with the telephone line is a power trans- 
mission line from the power house in Spanish Fork Canyon to the 
west portal of the Strawberry Tunnel, a distance of thirty miles. 

The concrete diversion dam, sixteen feet high by seventy feet 
long, on Spanish Fork River, has been completed, together with 
three miles of power canal, 8,000 feet of which is lined with concrete. 
There are 1,500 feet of tunnel on the canal, which lias a capacity 
of 500 cubic feet per second from the diversion dam to the power 
house, where one-half of the water will be dropped 160 feet through 
the wheels of the power plant and the remaining 250 cubic feet will 
be turned into the High Line Canal. 

The Hydro-Electric Power Plant, lying just east of Spanish 
Fork, is now in operation. It is a fine model of modern electrical 
construction. The power house contains two 450-Kilowatt generators; 



two 600-horsepower turbine water wheels, together with exciters and 
accessories. At the present time a portion of the power is being 
used to drive the Strawberry Tunnel. It will also be applied for 
pumping water for irrigation purposes and lighting the towns under 
the project. Spanish Fork City has just completed a contract with 
the United States Reclamation Service for the dissemination of elec- 
trical power, and the probabilities are that it will be delivered within 
two or three months. The power will eventually be handed over to 
the Strawberry Valley Water Users' Association. 

The construction of the dam on the Strawberry River will be 
commenced as soon as the excavating of the tunnel is well advanced. 
The east portal will be opened in due time, the intention being to 
arrange the work on the tunnel and the reservoir in such a way 
that they will both be completed at approximately the same period. 

Before a dollar was expended or a cubic foot of concrete was 
laid, the water supply was fully examined by Government engineers 
and the title to the water carefully investigated by Government 
attorneys. Therefore, with works of the character that the Reclama- 
tion Service has constructed here, and, an ample and certain water 
supply, the farmer under the Strawberry Project can plant and know 
what the harvest will be. A good portion of the land has a water 
right sufficient for spring irrigation, a system of ditches and sub-lat- 
erals has been constructed covering a large part of the valley. 
Some of the ditches have been in service since 1852. The old Salem 
Canal was built in 1869. These old conveyers of water, with a few 




Headgates, Strawberry Valley Irrigation Project. 




Power Plant, Strawberry Valley Irrigation Project. 

improvements, will be of considerable value to the project when the 
additional water supply is turned in. The duty of the water under 
the Strawberry Project will be one cubic foot per second at the head- 
gates for every eighty acres of land irrigated. 

With streams on every hand, intense cultivation becomes an 
immediate possibility. Land and water thus brought into wedlock, 
and nurtured and encouraged by intelligent labor, a homestead in 
this valley will quickly become a priceless heritage. About forty 
miles of new distributing canals, with necessary turn-outs and lat- 
erals, will soon be consummated. 

As a subsidiary, artesian wells can be developed in the vicinity 
of the cities and towns without particular difficulty. A good domes- 
tic water supply can be secured on almost any part of the project 
by sinking a well from fifteen to sixty feet. Although natural rain 
precipitation, an annual average of eighteen inches, renders the 
employment of irrigation methods on certain bottom land practically 
unnecessary, every opportunity is here afforded for the independent 
building of such well systems whenever they are deemed desirable 
and beneficial. 

Crop failure will therefore become impossible, while drouths, 
floods, cyclones and kindred visitations are unknown. 

CLIMATE 



The climate in Utah Valley is everything that can be desired 
in a temperate zone. It is so equable, balmy and altogether delight- 



ful that the truth concerning this subject cannot help but have a 
taint of exaggeration. Owing, probably to the high altitude, the heat 
of summer is not oppressive, but the long summers are necessary for 
the best maturing of crops. This country is devoid of the dreary 
rainy season. The mountains to the east, west, north and south 
protect the valley from severe storms. No snow during the past 
winter survived one day of sunshine, and many similar winters pass 
without a day of sleighing. The thermometer goes but a few points 
below freezing and, in the summer, the maximum temperature is 
about 90 degrees. The evenings are always cool. 

While no particular climate will satisfy all natures, there are 
places where the vast majority can be contented. That place where 
Nature can have a rest for a few months in the year and thus be invig- 
orated for the efforts of the coming season will produce the most 
abundant crops and the finest flavored fruits. Plowing is often begun 
in February and the crops are well advanced when the early rains 
arrive. There is hardly any rain between the months of June and 
September, but the June sun starts the melting snows in the moun- 
tains on their downward course through the valley, and the one 
objection to an overabundance of sunshine is removed. 

Eastern men and women, without exception, become immediately 
enthusiastic over the weather question in Utah Valley. The one way 
to avert misunderstanding is to invite the reader to see for himself. 




Power Canal and Diversion Dam, Spanish Fork River, Strawberry Project. 




Sugar Beet Field, Lake Shore, Utah 



THE QUALIFICATION OF SOILS 



S shown by the map on the inside of the hack cover of 
this booklet, the elevation of the land to be irrigated 
is between 4,500 and 4,800 feet. The area of mesa land 
and the area of bottom land is about equally divided. 
The soil of what is known as the "Lower Valley," 
lying directly below Spanish Fork, Salem and Payson 
City, is a black, sandy loam, going down from five to 
fifteen feet. Under this is a stratum of sand and gravel 
through which flows an inexhaustible stream of pure 
water. This low-land soil is extremely fertile, easily 
worked, and retains moisture remarkably well. 'With 
proper cultivation, garden truck will grow for weeks 
without either rain or irrigation. 

The soil in the mesa fruit belt is a sandy loam with 
I gravel, and bids fair to rival the Colorado fruit dis- 
S tricts as soon as ample water supply is provided. 
Local conditions, the climate, soil protection from se- 
vere frosts and icy, cold winds, moderate altitude, 
abundant sunshine, moisture at proper time, give fruit 
flavor, texture, color and keeping qualities that are unsurpassed. 

At present tens of thousands of young peach trees are planted 
on the high lands under the Strawberry Project. The peaches of 
Utah Valley are at the top. Their delicious flavor and richness of 
color, their shipping qualities, places Utah Valley peaches above 




competition. The Elbertas, late Crawfords and the Wheatland types 
grow to an enormous size and always bring the highest price. 

It is hardly necessary to go into detail regarding the productive- 
ness of other classes of fruits in Utah Valley soils. Apples, nectar- 
ines, plums, prunes, pears, apricots, cherries, cantaloupes, watermelons 
and all types of berries grow to perfection. 

It is fortunate that three great staple products sugar beets, alfalfa 
and barley have a natural market. These have become universal crops 
in the vicinity, and any man with a piece of irrigated land can do 
well without growing anything else. 

ALFALFA. — The story of alfalfa is one of the oldest and most 
often told. It is always a tale with a golden sequel for the farmer. 
Utah Valley is the home of this forage crop with its tender growth 
of small stalk and an abundance of leaves. The rank, woody hay 
of Eastern states is unknown here. From five to seven tons per 
acre is the annual average. During the fall of 1908, hay was sold 
for from $7.00 to $9.00 per ton in the stack. In February, March 
and April, 1909, baled alfalfa was selling in Spanish Fork at $15.00 
to $18.00 per ton. Alfalfa is the greatest all-round crop of the valley, 
it is attended with a minimum of labor, is constantly enriching the 
soil and is as sure as anything can be. 

GRAINS. — The wheat crop on irrigated soil yields from forty to 
fifty bushels to the acre, and on dry land, depending entirely upon 
the rainfall, ten to twenty bushels is a modest estimate. Barley and 
oats yield from sixty-five to one hundred bushels per acre. During 
the fall of 1908, more than 300,000 bushels of barley was shipped 
from this district to Eastern and Western markets, bringing from 
$1.05 to $1.10 per cwt., loaded on the cars. A sample of barley grown 
by A. W. Johnson of Spanish Fork received highest award at the 
Fifteenth National Irrigation Congress held at Sacramento, Cal., 1905. 




Utah -Idaho Sugar Company's Auxiliary Plant, Spanish Fork. 



UGAR BEETS.— Sugar beets hold, and will al- 
ways do so, an important place in the agricultural 
development of this section. The soil is especially 
adapted to their culture. Tests for sugar show 
a very high percentage, and this with the estab- 
lished fact that a large tonnage per acre could be 
obtained led to the establishment of the great 
Lehi Sugar Factory, also the building of two aux- 
iliary plants of massive dimensions in the very 
heart of the land under the Strawberry Project. 
One of these factories is situated one mile to the 
west of Spanish Fork, the other lies four miles to 
the northeast. The farmer does not have to ship 
his beets to a distant market, he simply hauls 
them to the nearest factory and gets his money. 
Freight rates cannot take away the profits. 

Even the residue, the pulp, is not wasted. 
There is nothing better to fatten stock with, and 
the farmer is willing to buy it back at a reason- 
able figure. About all that is involved is the 
work of hauling. In connection with the plants 
near Spanish Fork, large feed yards are estab- 
lished. Thousands of cattle were fed in these 
yards last winter. 

It can be truthfully said that there is hardly 
another industry applicable to a rural community 
that brings a benefit to the farmers and to the 
city near where it may be located as great as that 
resulting from a beet sugar plant. It must em- 
ploy a large number of operatives, who, with 
their families, aid the cities themselves in no small 
way; but its greatest work is in putting money 
into the hands of the producers. It opens for 
them a market for a staple product for which it 
will always pay good prices. Even where all ma- 
terial and help must be paid for the soil under the 
Strawberry Project pays a good dividend. 
The present sugar beet acreage in this vicinity is 3,000. The 
respective division of acreage is 2,000 for Spanish Fork, 700 for Pay- 
son and 300 for Salem. Fifteen tons per acre is the average crop, 
but in many instances an acre will yield twenty-two tons. The price 
to grow a crop, hiring all help, is as follows: 

Seed and planting, per acre $ 2.75 

Thinning, per acre, 4.50 

Two hoeings, per acre, 5.00 

Three cultivations, per acre 1.50 

Three to four irrigations, per acre.... 1.50 

Topping, per acre, 7.00 

Hauling, per acre, 10.50 



Total $32.75 

VALUE OF CROP, 15 tons per acre $71.25 

EXPENSE $32.75 

NET GAIN per acre $38.50 



There are many examples that can be cited where net profits to 
the grower exceed $50.00 per acre. 



MARKETS 




HE most helpful feature of all is the market 
outlook, and this fact, of all, is the most 
important. There is probably no other agri- 
cultural district in the United States where 
a more natural and permanent outlet is at 
hand than the lands under the Strawberry 
Irrigation Project. The Denver & Rio 
Grande Railroad and the San Pedro, Los 
Angeles & Salt Lake Railroad traverse the 
valley east, west, north and south. These 
lines reach Nevada and California points; 
the northwestern coast and the eastern 
markets. 

Utah Valley barley is disseminated in 
every direction, and a larger quantity of 
this product is shipped from the vicinity 
of Spanish Fork and Payson than all the 
remainder of Utah grain districts combined. 
Three hundred thousand bushels is our 
modest record for 1908. 
The local sugar beet market, and the hay and grain market is 
an established certainty at highest valuations. The fruit and vege- 
table demands are always a great deal in excess of the supply, and 
this mainly on account of the close proximity to the greatest min- 
ing districts in the west. The great Tintic mineral belt, encom- 
passing the cities of Eureka, Mammoth and Silver City, lies just 
thirty miles to the west. Directly to the east and southeast, thirty 
to forty miles, are the world-celebrated coal mines, Castle Gate, Sco- 
field, Winter Quarters and Sunnyside. Forty miles to the north- 
east is the gold and silver camp, Fark City, and over to the north- 
west, the same distance, we have the copper mines of Bingham and 
Mercur. Salt Lake City is located sixty miles due north. 

From this it can be plainly seen that Utah Valley is in the 
very heart of markets that are easily attainable, the mining market, 
furthermore, is the highest priced market known. A great many 
growers of garden truck save transportation charges by hauling 
their produce to the mining camps with teams, the produce is 
jobbed to the retailers for spot cash. Others go into the business 
of hauling and peddling these goods for profit, they also buy the 
eggs, poultry, veal, mutton and beef. The trips are easily made 
because the wagon roads are well built and are passable every day 
of the year. 

The growth of the towns within the Strawberry Project will 
constantly increase the demand. With necessary labor applied, all 
crops will bring profit. It may be stated that there will be no results 
without effort. The soil will not yield big returns here without being 
properly worked, any more than it will elsewhere, and the sweat of 
one's brow is the price of a bank account. The soil will respond 
with gratifying liberality, though, to the hand of the energetic tiller. 
The sheep and cattle industry is carried on under an extensive 
and profitable system, the hills and mountains supply an almost 
unlimited area for summer grazing, and in the winter thousands of 
cattle are brought down into the valley and fed, thus enabling the 
farmers to get the best prices for their hay. 




Main Street, Spanish Fork, Utah. 




Wheat Field Near Mapleton, Utah. 




Main Street, Spanish Fork, Utah. 




Wheat Field Near Mapleton, Utah. 




A Group of Spanish Fork Residences 



CITIES AND TOWNS UNDER THE PROJECT 
SPANISH FORK 







PANISH Fork is a city of over 4,000 population. It 
is the largest city and most important trade center 
under the Strawberry Valley Irrigation Project. 
Beautifully situated in the arm of Spanish Fork 
River to the south, and Utah Lake to the north, it 
commands a view singularly varied and interesting — 
a plateau rising gradually from the north meadows 
to an altitude of 4,700 feet, and a slightly undulating 
garden of fruit and flowers sweeping westward for 
ten miles. To the east and south are mesa lands 
covered with grain, alfalfa, vegetable tracts and 
peach orchards sheltered by the walls of mighty 
mountains. This city is located on the main line, 
and the Tintic branch of the Denver & Rio Grande 
Railroad, also the San Pedro, Los Angeles & Salt 
Lake Route, which extends to Southern Utah mar- 
kets and the Pacific Coast. The tributary agri- 
cultural and commercial industries of Spanish Fork 
encompass an area of 40,000 acres, and it can be 



truthfully said that this city, at the present time, is the trading and 
shipping point for more than 8,000 people. At a conservative figura- 
tion the population will reach 25,000 within another decade. 

A conspicuous feature of the city is large, finely-appointed 
stores, which suggest a metropolitan patronage. The retail houses 
seem out of all proportion to the visible population; yet all conduct 
a thriving business and expand in scope from year to year. The 
growth of Spanish Fork's commercial importance is marked by the 
development of her jobbing and manufacturing interests. A few 
years ago there were no establishments of the kind' that might be 
considered material contributors to the city's volume of business. 
Today there are twenty-nine jobbing and retail houses and a number 
of thriving factories. Cheap electrical power and water rates will 
unquestionably create here a great industrial and distributing center. 

The Spanish Fork Cannery is one of the largest and best-equipped 
plants of its kind in Utah, and the products of this factory are in 
great demand everywhere. The two massive sugar beet plants are 
also in close proximity. There are two large flour mills, a shoe fac- 
tory, involving an investment of $10,000; a foundry, two harness 
shops, one bakery, and the auxiliary creamery of David Hone & Son. 
This institution pays out an average of $2,000 each month for milk. 

Spanish Fork is one of the wealthiest cities per capita in this 
section of the country. Her two banks have resources of over 
$350,000, and an equal distribution of their deposits would give to 
every man, woman and child in the city $100. 

Where wealth and general prosperity prevail are usually found 
good schools, good churches and the refinements. Spanish Fork's 
school buildings represent a valuation of $65,000, and one is now 
under construction at a cost of $32,000. These schools are modern 
and sanitary. There are twenty-two teachers, who are paid from 
$65.00 to $75.00 per month in the grades, and only competent teachers 




City Pavilion, Spanish Fork, Utah. 




Street Scenes, Mills and Factories, Spanish Fork, Utah. 



are employed. Principals receive from $90.00 to $125.00 per month. 
The present school enrollment is 1,300. The high school gives a 
two years' course and has an enrollment of eighty students. 

The churches represent the various denominations and are influ- 
ential in the life of the city. The aggregate valuation of church 
properties will exceed $100,000, and this has been a potent factor in 
attracting a high class of citizens and in causing it to become the 
residence place of good people from all parts of the world. 

Most of the business blocks and residences are of brick and 
brownstone. The streets are broad and level, with concrete sidewalks 
and trees on either side. Spanish Fork has completed a fine water- 
works system at a cost of $35,000. This supplies the city with the pur- 
est mountain water for domestic and fire extinguishing purposes. 
Spanish Fork will be the best electric lighted city in Utah Valley as 
soon as necessary constructions are completed. Wiring is now under 
headway and the power will be supplied from the Government Power 
House in Spanish Fork Canyon. 

The natural attractiveness of mountain scenery, and the many 
places of amusement has probably advertised this locality more than 
any other single feature. The theatres and particularly the two 
beautiful dancing pavilions, one of which has the largest white maple 
spring floor in the state, draws crowds from all the neighboring 
towns. The Spanish Fork Fair Grounds and Race Track is consid- 
ered one of the best in the west. To the north lies beautiful Utah 
Lake covering an area of fifteen by forty miles, where boating and 
fishing is free for all. No country in the world affords better trout 
fishing or big game hunting than is accessible within a day's travel 




to the citizens of Spanish Fork. The Strawberry Valley, Diamond 
Creek and Spanish Fork River are known to fishermen the world 
over, and hunters have traveled thousands of miles to shoot deer, 
grizzly bear, mountain lion, wild cat, and other denizens of the 
Wasatch Mountains. 

CASTILLA HOT SPRINGS 

©HIS beautiful Utah resort is located in a vast mea- 
dow, set high above the level of the valley and sur- 
rounded by the mighty mountains. It is on the 
main line of the D. & R. G. Railroad, eight miles east of 
Spanish Fork and fifty miles southeast of Salt Lake City. 
The panorama of mountain peaks, whose majestic grandeur is not ex- 
celled on this continent; the fine groupings of trees; the windings of 
Spanish Fork River, alive with speckled trout, through the meadow, 
and the great modern hotel; the cottages; the store and supply sta- 
tion; the dancing pavilion, and the baths draw pleasure-seekers, 
health-seekers, and naturalists all the way from Winnipeg to San 
Diego. 

From the bowls of the northside mountain flows the eternal 
springs of boiling hot water with their health-giving and sanitary 
properties. Private baths and a swimming pool is at a uniform 
temperature every minute of the year. There is a lack of neither 
accommodation nor hospitality, and there is no end to the variety 
of amusement offered the sojourning guest. 





Main Street, Payson, Utah. 



PAYSON 




AYSON is called the "Keystone City." It is 
beautifully located at the edge of the hills and 
extends over an area that nearly reaches the 
western mountain boundary, seven miles dis- 
tant. To the north it looks down over the 
new fields and orchards, covering ten miles, 
to the brink of Utah Lake, which skirts the 
lower part of the tributary lands. Payson may 
well be likened to a vast garden, that will ex- 
tend its area over many more thousands of 
richly-soiled acres when the flood from the 
government irrigation system pours over it. 

This garden, spreading out between the 
majestic mountain ranges over whose tops 
the fleecy clouds of an almost pereptual spring float in the 
sunshine, like birds of soft plumage at play in the bowl 
of Heaven, gives invitation to the people of the world to come and 
make homes of delight and plenty for themselves. The invitation 
is meeting with response. This is a spot toward which thousands of 
pleased eyes are turned, where thousands of new people will soon 
be residing. 

There are 20,000 acres of choice farming and fruit lands adjacent 
to the city. The developed and undeveloped natural resources insure 
the building of the largest town and most important industrial center 
in Utah Valley. The foothills and mountain regions surrounding 
Payson furnish ideal conditions for dairying, the heavy snows of 
the winter months producing rich grass on the summer range and 



heavy yield of hay on the meadows for winter feeding, and springs 
of cool water bubble from every hillside, and streams of crystal 
purity wind over gravelly bottoms through every park and meadow. 

There will thus remain, under any changes which may come, 
large, permanent industries, conducted on a large scale, and this will 
guarantee the general prosperity of the city. There is no objections 
to this kind of "high finance," and the ability to do things on the 
ranch or the stock range in a large way adds to the strength of a 
community. The grazing lands in the mountains surrounding the 
Strawberry Valley Irrigation Project are all included in National 
forests, and grazing rights of the farmer who has only a few head 
to put on the range is recognized as fully as those of the man who 
has a large number. 

As an exemplification of public-spirited citizenship, Payson was 
the first city in the State of Utah to own and operate its own electric 
light and power plant. Four years ago this feature was considerably 
improved and modernized and it furnishes excellent day and night 
service at very reasonable rates. Cement paved sidewalks covering 
a distance of five miles have been constructed, and the water system 
is now under consideration. 

The population of Payson is about 3,000. There are fifteen vari- 
ous business houses, one bank, four hotels, one weekly newspaper, 
a fine opera house, an elaborate dancing pavilion, the high school 
campus and baseball grounds. 

There are fourteen public schools here with an aggregate enroll- 
ment of 900 pupils, and one high school with an enrollment of fifty 
students. Two denominational schools are also maintained by the 
Presbyterian and Methodist missions. The Peteetneet public school 
of Payson is second to none in the State of Utah, this structure 
cost $20,000. 

The Nebo Stake Tabernacle of the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter-day Saints, erected at a cost of $25,000, is located here, also 




Peteetneet School, Payson, Utah. 



the lllif Academy and Chapel under Methodisl supervision. The 

Presbyterian church lias ;i good following and full representation 
tliroughout the city. 

The two railroads, the two telephone lines, and the Western 
Union telegraph service reaches the "Keystone City." 




Grouo of Payson Residence.' 




Churches and Public Buildings, Spanish Fork, Utah. 



BENJAMIN AND LAKE SHORE 

CHESE towns are a product of the soil, lying to the west 
of Spanish Fork and north of Payson in the close vicinity 
of Utah Lake. A few years ago their barren acres laj' 
waste and thirsting; today they are an example of pro- 
ductiveness to which irrigation promoters all over the 
West are pointing. These towns with their orchards and 
fields grew up together. Neither could well spare the 
other. They afford a home trading place for the fruit grower, the dairy- 



man, the poultrymatl and the barley grower. The two railroads run 
parallel in close proximity to this fertile district, and the Leland sugar 
beet station is only two to four miles distant. 

Stock raising and the dairy business is carried on extensively; 
this is probably from the fact that natural summer forage is always 
in evidence, and farm yards are stacked with richly-cured alfalfa 
for winter feed. Tt is no extravagant estimation to assert that $30,000 
worth of butter comes from this district annually. The creamery 
industries of David Hone & Son pay out the round sum of $18,000 
a year for milk, and the hundreds of private dairies are always unable 
to supply the local demands. 

Benjamin is a pretty little town of 900 population. It has good 
buildings and substantial commercial industries. The schools and 
churches are far above the average, representing probably from 
$20,000 to $30,000 investment. The school census is 230. 

The Lake Shore district is also well equipped with all that 
could be looked for in a suburban and scattered population. Their 
schools and churches are dotted all the way from Palmyra on the 
east to the shores of the lake on the west. This place is an ideal 
country for out-of-door sports. While the winter temperature is 
low enough to afford several weeks of ice skating, it is seldom too 
cool to render driving or riding enjoyable. 




— „ ..f_i. 



Public School, Benjamin, Utah. 



MAPLETON 




'APLETON is located in the central and north 

j^ AT portion of what is known as Spanish Fork East 

- /%/%.» Bench. The town proper is about due east of 

sfc/aJvLjiM-ii Springville, but covers such a wide area south- 
^4^Jg^!mS| ward on the main line of the Denver & Rio 
Grande Railroad that it could really be called a 
part of Spanish Fork City. It is a clean, well- 
built, prosperous, growing town, and is growing 
now more rapidly than ever. This growth is 
stimulated by the breaking up of large land hold- 
ings within its trade area and the purchasing of 
them by well-to-do, level-headed, permanent set- 
tlers, who prefer to pay $65.00 to $80.00 an acre 
for these sub-irrigated grain and fruit lands than 
one-fourth the price for so-called "cheap" lands 
"just as good." It is this class of settlers, who 
know a "hawk from a hand-saw" that settled 
and developed the country on this mesa fruit 
belt and have been the source of its growth and 
unusual prooserity. This East Bench coun- 
try covers an area of about 10,000 acres, a good portion of which 
has been recently purchased by Eastern capitalists and is being 
planted with Elberta peach trees. The older orchards, which are 
now bearing, cannot be purchased for less than from $200.00 to 
$500.00 per acre. With the coming of the Strawberry Valley deluge, 
buyers of undeveloped tracts can quadruple their money within four 
years. 

There are, at present, hundreds of developed orchards in Maple- 
ton, and each year there is gathered and shipped car after car 
of peaches, apples, and cherries, of plums, of prunes, of apricots — 
and of other things that are not the product of orchards, but of 
gardens and fields, as strawberries, blackberries, raspberries logan- 
berries, melons, cantaloupes, vegetables, grains, hay and sugar beets. 
Mapleton has good schools and churches and exceptionally high 
social standards. It has attracted the intellectual classes more liber- 
ally than most western towns, owing, doubtless, to the character 
of the men who inspired its being. It is said that few places of 
the same population, east or west, have so many literate men, 
women and children as Mapleton. 

'PRINGVILLE is a junction on the Denver & Rio Grande Rail- 
road, situated six miles northeast of Spanish Fork. Its popula- 
tion is about 2,500. This city in connection with Mapleton bids 
fair to be the main distributing point for lands on the east bench under 
the Strawberry Project. It is thriving on present resources and future 
certainties. Like all central points in regions that are to suddenly 
become unusually productive, it is the object of attention of people 
who desire the profits of rapid urban growth and is already begin- 
ning to feel the influence of the water that is to come. It has excel- 
lent hotel accommodations and modern mercantile establishments 
and other business institutions. Many carloads of alfalfa, fruit, 
stock and other products are sent out of this city of gardens. 




SANTAQUIN 

DOT so extensive and no less productive is the country six 
miles tn the south of Payson. Tin's is Santaquin— named 
after a famous Utc Indian chief. It is less densely pop- 
lated than the more northerly regions, bul lias very fer- 
tile lands to the south under the Strawberry Project, and 
about as favorably located with reference to transpor- 
tation, being quite close to the two railroads. Santaquin 
is an educational center, as is evidenced by her fine schools and 
church organizations. The town has a population of 1,000. 

The mountains back of Payson and Santaquin are enormously 
rich in the precious and the baser metals and minerals. These 
riches lie almost untouched at their doors — not because wealth and 
enterprise is lacking in these cities, but because the opportunities 
so vastly outnumber the people who are able to avail themselves of 
natural resources. 

At present there are several incorporated mining companies 
steadily at work, and the prospects are very encouraging. An elec- 
tric power plant is now under construction by Jesse Knight & Sons 
in close proximity to Santaquin, and is designed to furnish power 
for the Knight mining interests extending to the Tintic district 
twenty-five miles distant. 

SALEM 

Salem is a beautiful little town lying four miles South of Spanish 
Fork and three miles East of Payson. It is the home of canta- 
loupes, berries and early vegetables. The fertility of the soil in 
this little lowland hamlet is said to be unsurpassed by any other 
district in the United States. Nestling in the center of the town is 




Salem Lake. 




Early Harvest Apples, Spanish Fork, June, 1909. 

Salem Lake, fed by ice cold springs and covering- an area of about 
one-half square mile. The hills surrounding are covered with a 
mass of trees and green verdure and is the place where visitors 
enjoy the companionship of Mother Nature. Boating and fishing 
is the alluring factor of the lake, but from a useful standpoint, it can 
be said that nearly 500 acres of land are irrigated from its source — 
the irrigable water being under the control of a private incorporation. 

The population of Salem is increasing rapidly and is nearly 1,000. 
The town has among its other fine buildings a $6,000 town hall, a 
dancing pavilion, a hotel and a $15,000 brick and brownstone public 
school, with an enrollment of 285 pupils. There are three general 
merchandise establishments, one drug store and a creamery. 

The lands in and about Salem under the Strawberry Valley Irri- 
gation Project amounts to 20,000 acres, probably the bulk of this is 
in the uplands to the east and south and will compare equally with 
all other mesa soils in the production of fruits. 

To the business man, the manufacturer and the agriculturist 
Salem extends an invitation to come and aid and join in the profits 
of its resources and prosperity. Here you will find a wide-awake, 
hustling population, who believe that with the strides their town is 
making that it will soon be the greatest of all the cities under the Straw- 
berry Project. Salem has opportunities for all active people, its 
citizens say, and the man of small capital has excellent opportunity 
to make money there. 




Public School, Salem, Utah 



Town Hall, Salem, Utah 




Public School, Manleton, Utah. 



THE PRICE OF LAND 



It is almost hopeless to try to indicate land values and opportuni- 
ties, yet the inquiry is a general one: "What is land worth?" The 
present indications point to a probable cost for the irrigation works 
now under construction by the Government of $40.00 per acre, pay- 
able in ten annual installments without interest. This means that 




Apiary of James S. McBeth, Payson, Utah. 




Yellow Transparent Apples, Salem, Utah, June, 1909. 

people who can acquire lands at reasonable prices can secure a 
water right from the Government, and in a few years be in posses- 
sion of holdings which will represent values ranging from $100.00 
to $500.00 per acre, according to the use to which the land is put. 
Concerning this statement there can be no argument. The present 
generations will exhaust every acre of free land in the United States, 
and when the immense population of the future looks around for 
homes it will find that they must be purchased of the people of 











A Flock of Spanish Fork Sheep. 



this generation who arc wise enough to go in and possess the land. 
Not only this, 1ml all subsistence must come from the land, and the 
farmer of today who sells his holdings cheaply, or who abandons 
his calling for the pursuits of professional or commercial life, is 
leaving a business which is just entering upon its true prosperity. 

At present first class bench land, partly developed and improved 
having a flood water right, (that is sufficient water for one or two 
irrigations in the early spring), may he purchased for from $50.00 to 
$75. 00 per acre, and first class bench or bottom land, fully improved 
with a good water right, may he purchased for from $150.00 to 
$250.00 per acre. The raw land on rolling hills and mountain sides 
can he had for from $5.00 to $15.00 per acre. Land values arc now 
at their lowest under the Strawberry Valley Irrigation Project. 

Wages for common labor is somewhat higher here than in the 
East, largely due to the scarcity of the past two or three years, and 
also to the vicinity of the mining camps and smelters. Common 
labor is now from $2.50 to $3.25 per day; ranch hands receive from 
$30.00 to $50.00 per month, according to the duties required of them 
and the locality. 

Some money is loaned at 6 and 7 per cent, but 10 per cent may 
be had, and the usual rate on farm mortgages is 8 per cent. 



25^I<S^£cft HE LURE OF IT ALL 




To those of us who are here, the at- 
tractions are partly climatic, partly finan- 
cial, partly sentimental. Here is comfort 
as compared with eastern conditions, ex- 
emptions from severe cold, from long 
rainstorms, from great atmospheric dis- 
turbances. Then, here is the attraction 
of room. We are not crowded. Over 
Utah Valley there is a thousand times 
more sky than spreads over an}' town, 
and we have a sense of fellowship with 
big things, with great areas, a sense of 
breadth and bounty in the plan of things 
around us. 

Into great abiding natural conditions 
is coming the irrigation canal, and never 
missing the ancient promise: "Seed-time 
and harvest shall not fail." 



CENTURY PRINTING CO , SALT LAKE CITY