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ftBiluicti Bfbfnilp *cttool 


Paul Codispotl 

Loo xeLue 



' l 1 


Kipon HE?:* im 









Hebrew Publishing Co. 


Printed in U, S. A. 


Copyright. 19U. by 


In producing this work it has been the object of the com- 
piler to give in siinplifled form a scientific dictionary of HebrcMV 
and Chaldee for the use of those engaged in the study of the 
original text of the Old Testament. 

This dictionary is worked out on the lines of tlie well- 
known lexicons of Gesenius and Fuerst and includes the best 
results of those great labors. Mncli has been drawn also from 
other works, particularly from the Hebrew and Chaldee Ety- 
mological Dictionary (Russian) by- J. Steinberg, the eminent 
Hebrsrt^t of Vilna; that excellent work follows the lexicog- 
raphers just named, but contains many striking original con- 

Being chiefly intended as a medium of studying the origi- 
nal text of the Bible, this dictionary gives copious citations and 
explanations of difficult passages. In difficult cases old in- 
terpret<*.rs are quoted in tliis work more frequently, prrhaps, 
than in other lexicons Sonje striking interprelations by old ex- 
egetes are given here, which other lexicographers seem to have 
disregarded (see. for instance, the interpretation of ^n^*]nj Is. 11,3 
under T\T\mph.l and of ^:n':b» Cant 6,12 under dib^ 7) Renderings 
of the English authorized version, wliich follows the old Jew- 
ish commentators, are frequcutly quoted. In a few instances the 
compiler has ventured his own conjectures as to interpretation 
or etymology (see nj \^f^ Ps.2,12 under ngl., D'^yvnip Jud.5,11 
under f^xn Pu, and the stem-words {^db* , t]Str). 

Following Gesenius and Fuerst, artificial (invented) stem- 
words have been introduced for words whose roots are not 
found in the Hebrew or Clialdee text of the Bible, but are 
manifest from the etymology of these languages. Such stem- 
words are given here without vowel-points to distin^cuish them 


from existing root-words. Some lexicographers consider these 
artificial words superflnous, but they are very useful as giving 
students an insight into Semitic etymology. 

The system of the alphabetic order of words, and not of 
roots, has been followed in this work. This system, wiiich has been 
adopted by mo^t lexicographers since the time of Gesenius, is 
the most practical one. Words beginning both with b^ (Sin) and 
\tf (Shin) are given here under one head, though Gesenius and 
many other lexicographers treat them as separate letters. 

In point of arrangement there are some deviations here 
from that of other lexicons. Some words which appear in them 
as two stem-words I. and II. are in this dictionary reduced to one, 
and some given there as one are here separated (compare, for 
instance, the arrangement here of the words B^^3 , n^n , nj^ , 
y^p with their disposition in the dictionaries of Gesenius and 

As in most dictionaries of Hebrew and Chaldee, verbs in 
this work are introduced in the form of the third person pret- 
erite (past tense), which is regarded as the stem-form. Some 
verbs, namely those with quiescent Vav (as ^^d, D^V, D^lr), are 
given in the infinitive, in which case the preterite, as well as 
the other tenses, is given in parentheses. To assist students in 
the study of Hebrew and Chaldee grammar, declinable words 
of these languages are given in this dictionary with tlicir in- 

At the end of this dictionary is given an analytical index 
of all words and unusual inflections whose roots some students 
may have difficulty in finding. 

New York, December, 1913. 


a. and 

sec. according 

aceua. aceuaaUve 

adj. a^edive 

adv. adverb 

Apk. Aph'd (hnW)' 


ap. apocopated^ i. e. abridged 

Ar. Arabic 

art. artide 

e. cofutrud 
Ch. Ghaldee 
008. coUectively 

com. common (gender) 

com p. compare 

cof^, cor^undion 

def. definite 

dem. demonstrative 

den. denominative^ i. e. derived 

from a noun 

du. dual 

f. feminine 
fig. figwrativdy 
fut. future 

gent. gentde^ i. e. derived from the 
name of a nation or 

Qes. Qesenius 

Heb. Hebrew 

Hipk. HipKiL (S'^V^H) 

Eithp, Hithpa'd (^gpOH) 

HopK Hophd (^}?9n) 

Hothp. Hoihpa'd (9j?f nH) 

ib. ibidem (in that same place) 

imp. imperative 

inf. infinitive 


interj, interjection 

intr. intraneitive 

Ithp. Ithpa'd (hv.@W) 

Kat {hpj 

he. local, i. e. signifying motion 

to a place 

m. maaeuUne 

n. noun 

Niph. NipWal (SypD 

num. numeral 

Pa, Pa'd cSre) 

parag. paragogic, 1. e. additional 

patr. patronymic, i. e. derived fron 

the name of a father 

pers. personal 

PL Hd (*?}??) 

pt. piLural 

Po. Po'd (SrIB) 

pod. poetically 

prd. preterite (past) 

pr, n. proper name 

prob. probably 

pron. pronoun 

prop, properly 

pt participle 

pt. p. passive participle 

Pu. Pu'al (Sre) 

redupl. reduplication 

rd. rdative 

sf. suffix 

Stb. Steinberg 

tr. transitive 

V. verse 

verb. n. verbal noun 












1st book of Ghronieles 


1st book of Kings 


2nd book of Ghronieles 


2nd book of Kings 
















































1st book of 8amuel 




2nd book of 'Samuel 












^^ Cli[l) masoretie reading. 

KUb p^O?) ^orm written in the tezt. 

1« 2, 3 before a verb indicates the person (1st, 2nd, 3rd). 

^ before a word indicates its form in a pause. 

A vertical line (|) under a letter marks the accent of a word 
when it is in the penult ('?''2?^Q). Words without this mark have the 
accent in the last syllable (I^^?Q). In quotations of more than one 
word the accent is not indicated. 

' indicates the form of a word before a makkeph. 


tt the first letter of the alphabet, 
called ilfepfc ^h^ , from n!;)$ ox, 
because of its original similarity 
to the form of a bull's head; as 
a numeral K=i, S=1,000.— H re- 
presents a very gentle guttural 
sound audible only with a vowel, 
as: B=a, g=«, ^t=#, etc ; when 
vowelless it is silent: Hff matza^ 
*)Qk^ yomar, 

tlK (ft'om 22H ; e. "^^ , once ^ Qen. 

17, 5; 9f, ^?i? ,TI7K ,'v?p or Vl^K , 
etc.; pi, n1^(<, c. nl^K) m. father in 
the widest sense, hence: 1) father, 
male parent n^ kS :]S K%'1 ^^^ T^ 
^9 she is the daughter of my 
father, but not the daughter of my 
speaking to Jacob God says; ^t ^ jtit 
T5¥ Dn-J^B ^rJ*^i? I am the Lord* the 
God of Abraham thy father (i. e. 
grand-father) Gen.28,13.— 3) pro- 
geni or, ancestor or head of a 
people ^larV-S'^'S ^9B the father 
(i. e. ancestor) of all the children 
( f Eber Gen. 10, 21; D^JI I'Dn ^8 
the father (i. e. progenitor) of a 
multitude of nations 17,4.~ 4) cre- 
ator 7]^ 7{^^ Mil )^Sq is he (God) 

not thy father (i. e. creator) who 
hath created thee? Deut.32,6.— 
6) originator or first ( f a class 
^iVl lis? trfiin-Sj ^58 the father 
(i. e. the first) of all suc^-as handle 
the harp and guitar Gen. 4, 21. 
6) counsellor ^ty^8*? ^K^ ^JBT?J 
and be hath made me a father 
(i. e. a counsellor) to Pharaoh Gen 
45,8.^ 7^ guardian, protector,bene- 
factor D^ji^^r<^ ^?^^ 2\f a father 
(i. e, a guardian, a protector) I 
am to the needy Jb.20,16. — 8) pre- 
ceptor, ruler, chief, head ^!?"ri;51, 
]t]07) 2\p and become unto me a 
father (i. e. preceptor or ruler) 
and a priest Jud. 17,10.— 9) pod. 
Dearest Icin nnK ^5^ ^0«5"i ^D^!2 
I call to the grave. Thou art my 
father (i. e. my nearest kin) 
Jb. 17, 4.— The construct forms 
^^, DK occur in many compound 
proper names, as: ^^^^'K, D^Jg , 
Di^g^JB, etc. 

3K Ch. (sf. ^iU, ^U8, ^nUK ; pi. 

1558 , »f' '•OJJS^ w. father, fore- 

an (from MK ; sf, iSK ; pi, c. •'S^e) 

«i. freshness, greenness^ verdure 

i^KJ ^31'ip it is yet in its greenness 
Jb. 8, 12; *?nsn ^51J the verdure of 
the valley Cant. 6, 11. 

3« Ch. {sf. PISJ^J for na^jt) m. fruit. 

•■ • 

!32K to blossom, to bear fruit, 
whence D« , DK. , D'«5« . 

XriJ^K P^* n. a Persian eunuoh 


15« (/"w*. 13^^ , ^ n^^^ ; i>«. ^3K) 

1) to be lost, to vanish, to fail, 
to be void; with ^ to be lost to 
. 1 Sam. 9, 20; with ]5 to vanish 
from Dn^p "!Sg Dijg the means of 
escape shall vanish from them Jb. 

11, 2o; ]ri35 n^Kn nnin the law 

shall vanish from the priest Fz. 
7, 26; TJ^gn :i|j n3i<"« the heart of 
the king 'shall fail Jer. 4, 9; ^iil 
mv, lijK A nation (that is) void 
of counsel Deut.32,28.— 2) to go 
astray, to wander about H^k TVg 


a stray sheep Ps. 119, 176; ^tplR 
n;}i< an Aramean, wandering about 
Deut.26,5.- 5; to perish 1J^3 i:i5K 
^Jl^K we perish, we all perish 
Num. 17, 27; HJX^ D''V?*1 the 
wicked shall perish Ps. 37, 20; 
>^^5 '^V na^ fIJl? the blessing of 
him that was ready to perish came 
upon me Jb. 29, 13; njxS 'njjr'^jn 
give strong drink to him that is 
ready to perish Pr.31,6. 

P«. "i3« {fut. nss;) 1) to waste 
]in"n5K>astethhis wealth Pr.29,3; 

fig. to Corrupt njnD a..-ni< 15^^. 

presents (bribery) corrupt the 
heart Ec.7,7.— 2) to lead astray 

^OTI? i«^Ti8 D''V5p^ Dn3SDD'«n 

the shepherds that lead astratr and J 

scatter the flocks of my pasture 
Jer.23,1.— • 3) to make to perish, 
to destroy IdS ^IjrSj -l^HrV! and 
th u hast made to parish every 
memorial of them Is. 26, U; r\nh 
138/^ to kill and to destroy Est. 
3, 13; TI7|i!n (=?11|8K;) and I de- 
stroyed ihee Ez. 28, 16. 

HipK TJ«n to destroy W5gm 
K%n3 trS.|n-n^ and I win destroy 
that person Lev.23,30; tr'ig. Hip]? 
tJlS^*? thDU destroyest the hope of 
man Jb. 14,19; with]lJto banish from: 
\S^^ hyp DHD ^^^15855 and I will 
banish from them the voice of glid- 
ness Jer. 25, lOj HT^X (=n5^?BH' 
I will destroy Jer.40,8. 
IDK Ch. (/irf. n3K.:) to perish. - 

Aph, IJin to destroy .— HopL Hjn 

to be destroyed. 
111^ m. perishing, ruin Num.24,20. 
nlDK (c. nn;}8) f, loss, some thing 

lost Lev.5,22. 
rfllN KUb Pr.27,20 for ]n38 . 

|1*1^K m. destruction Jb.3I,12; also 

place of destruction Pr.15,11. 
113M tH. destruction B6t.9,6. 

njAK (c- )1?$) m. destruction, ruin 


nD« (M n^J^'') to desire, to be will- 
ing nr^sh nj*< l^^ he would not 
let them go Ex.10,27; D^l n^J^\n 
^??$ will the forest-ox be willing 
to serve thee? Jb.39,9; with'? of the 
person to obey *•*? njW J^S '^'K'J?^^ 
and Israel did not obey me P8.8 1, 1 2. 

nD« w. only Jb.9,26 njfj ni*^« the 

meaning of which is according 


to the context: swift ships; ace. 
some: ships of reed like those 
which were in use in Egypt and 
which were vrry swift (in Ai. 
HM reedj. Some manuscripts have 
heen found which read ny^J Cei- 
mity) and accordingly some inter- 
preters render the phrase: pirate 
ships (prop, ships of enemies). 
^IHK «*. woe. 

D^N ♦». crib 


n^X Ar. to threaten. 

nriDX f threatening, terror; only 

'c.'i'jn nD?H Ez. 21, 20. 
n^-fiiX (from nM I.) fw. melon; pi 

D'n^BJK Num. II, 5. 
"JN (fr.m njK) interj. ah! that! 

f wish! Jb. 34, 36. 
^I}Xl>*'- w Abi, the mother of Ezekiah 

2'k. 18, 2 (=ni5R 2 Chr. 29, 1). 
^H^aK pr. n. m. 

• • • «• 

y^^H (from Mi<) m. prop, blossom, 

hence*, ear T^^H ITjiyif^n the barley 
was in the ear Ex. 9, 31; i''5«n ^'p 
the month of ears 13, 4 (the first 
month of spring, later called ]IJ^j). 

h'^T^H pr. n. f. 1) sister of David 

lChr.2,16a.l7.— J^; wife of Nabal, 
afterwards of David 1 S. 25, 3 a. 42. 
^J^3N see Syj J8 . 

♦^ T - -; 

n*3t< pr. n. m. 1) grandson of Ben- 

Jamin lChr.7,8.— 2) son of Samuel 
IS.8,2.— 3) king (.f Judah, son o\ 
Reh boara 2 Chr. 12, 16 =-*5K 1 K. 
15,1.— 4) son of Jeroboam IK.14,1. 
5) a person mentioned in Neh. 10, 
8. — 6) a person mentioned in IChr. 
24, 10. 

ri*3X pr. n. /'. =^58 , which see. 
T* -: 

^n^DS pr. n m. same as nyg . 
IT* -: ^ • 

Nin^DN pr. n. m. 

l^n'^aX pr, n. m. 


^NT^Np-.n/". i> wifeofRehoboam 
•I- • *: 

2Chr. 11,18.— 2) another woman 
1 Chr. 2, 29. 

1V38 (from n^K) n». prop, one who 

wants something, hence: poor, 
needy, destitute. 

n3l*3K (fi-omnjg) /".only Ec. 12,5 
n^^^JK? *1gri1 the meaning of which 
is according to the context: and 
the desire shall fail; ace. several 
ancient interpreters HJi^JR denotes 
the caper-berry which is used as 
appetizer, whence metonymically: 
desire, appetite. 

yn^2X pr. n. nt. 1) a person men^ 

•I- • -: 

tioned in Num.3,35.— 2) a person 
, mentioned in lChr.5,14.— 3) tho 

father of Esther Est. 2, 15. 
a^a'iK pr. n. m. 

^a'3K pr- »• f- 

mm • — • 

n»3K see n»JJK 3. 

^^D^nX pr. n. m. (iescendant: of 
Joklan Gen. 10, 28. . 

TTt^D^DK pr. w. i^ name of several 
|viv • -: 

TT • -• 

kings of Philistia Qen. 20, 2; 26, 
1; Pb.34,1.— 2) son of Qideon Jud. 

^^yDX V- »• w. l) son of Jesse 1 S. 
TT • -: 

16,8.— 2) son of Saul IS.31,2.— 

3) person mentioned in IS.7,1.— 

4) person mentioned in IK.4,11. 

oyirax iw. n. m. 

nrDK see nj^8 . 
■• • •• • 

ft]p;:aK see ^9^^5K. 

*1W^DS< !»•• w. i; son of Qilead, of 
viv • -: 

the tribe of Manasseh Jos. 17, 2; 
gent. ni?i3 '5K Jud. 6, 11; =ntp , 
^1t?^^ Num.26,30. — 2) one of 
David's warriors 2 6. 23, 27. 

Jla^y ^^X !>»'. **. »». 2 S. 23, 31 
=^*?«''?a i Chr. 11, 32. 

T^IX (c. "l^^B) w. mighty warrior, 
he'ro; only of God DpjJl 1^58 the 
mighty warrior of Jacob Qen. 49, 24. 

-1^3« odj, a. n. 1) mighty, stout ^''38 
D;? stout-hearted Ps.76,6.— 5!^ head, 
chief D^ynfJ 1^58 the chief of the 
herdsmen IS.28,8.— 3) great lord 
D^T?8 D|j!j the bread of great lords 
(i. e. the choicest food) Ps. 78, 25 
(others: angels' bread).— 4^ poet, 
a) stud-horse V^JB nione nOS^!? 
the stamping of the hoofs of his 
stud horses Jer. 47, 3. h) bull ^T^K 
\^^ the bulls of Bashan Ps. 22, 13. 

OI^^X V- *». w»' V person mentioned 
in Num.16,1.— 2) another person 
1 K 16, 34. 

SIB^'pN pr. n. 1) grandson of Ben- 

^ •• T 

jamin 1 Chr. 8,4.— 2) son of Phi- 
nehas^ the high-priest Ezr. 7, 5. 
I^K^'^^X iw. n. m. 

^B^'^aX pr. n. w. 1 S. 26, 6 =''tf5« 

10, io. 

D1^12^^3N pr. n. son of David 1 K, 

15, 2 =Dib^5K 2 S. 3, 3. 

TD^DX pr. n. m. 
tt: \' 

TJ^K only HUhp. ^3«W to roll, to 

wind itself \^^ rm^ ^^980^J and 
they wind themselves upward like 
the lifting of the smoke Is. 0, 17. 
^DX (/w<. *^;iRJ) to lament, to mourn 
93K5 vSy iirpj his soul will 

mourn for him' Jb. 14, 22; ^y^) 
• . • ■ • 

D^V"^? ^^^j &D<i then shall mourn 
the pastures of the shepherds Am. 

Hiph. S'^JKrj (/W. bas:) to cause 
to mourn ^p?a^n nji^p^ 1ni*3 DV5 
on the day when it went down to 
the grave I caused a mourning 
Ez.31,15; HDini Sn-SjlOJ and he 

T « • . 

caused the rampart and the wall 
t(i mourn Lam.2,8. 

HiOip. h^^ry^ to mourn HJ^pJ 
n^^ljfl^j and 1 wept and mourned 
Neil. 1 ,4. 

.. ^ « ' • • . 

mourning DK.'^JKS as one mourn- 
ing for his mother Ps.35,14; '«f?38 
]i^V the mourners of Zion Is.61,3; 
n^^aS l^^V ^311 the ways of Zion 
are mourning Lam 1,4. 

bin (Ar. Sdk fresh grass) f. 1) mea- 
•• T , 

dow n5n^n *?3K ny unto the great 

• • • 

meadow 18.6,18.— ^^i)r. n. of a city 

in tho north of Palestine 28.20,18.— 
7jK occurs in several compound 
geographical names: a) D^^ 7^^ 
n^SQ 28.20,14, sometimes D^p^;}^ 
2Chr.l6,14 ='^5« 2. h) D^eiJ^H S^JJ 
a city in Moab Num 33,40 =D^I$^ 
Mic.6,5. c) D^P5? Sa^ a village in 
Moab Jud.11,33.' d) n^lnt? Sj^ a 
city in Issachar Jud.7,22! e) 9;}^ 
C3.^^yp a place not far from the 
Jordan Gen. 50,11. 
h^Vi isf. ?i!j?^ , dSj^) m. mourning 

h^Vt 1) adv. certainly.— 2) but. 

^aH see 73W . 

'i; stone, rock \^\ nji^n D^^? '11^1 
and the brick served them for 
atone Gen. 11, 3; -irj?j:iQ'»8 V1S2 
7J and they took stones and made 
a heap 31, 46; VPyO ''A?); hewn 
stones 2 K. 12, 13; of the hail: ]^f< 
nn| hail-stone Is. 30, 30; of pre- 
cious stones: ]^.^ ^ICpQ setting of 
stones Ex. 28, 7; ]n-]^g Pr. 17, 8, 
n^|:\ '5B Ez 27, 22 precious stone; 
r^'^i^^ precious stones Is 54, 12; 
H ^K^t?l l^g the rock (i. e. de- 
fence) of Israel Gen.49,24; ]^^ D^. 
a heart of stone (I.e. a hard heart) 
Kz. 11, 19: JJW^ rrn he became as 
a stone (i. e. was stupeHed with 
grief) IS. 25,37 —2) weight "•JJK 
D^? the weights in the bag (i. e. 
the weights kept by merchants in 
a bag) Pr. 16, 11; ?l!?§n ]5BJ by 
the king's weight 28.14.26;' -»<S 

IWi W T?? ^) ^v?' *^^^ «^al' 

not have in thy bag divers 


weights Deut. 25,13; h^^VQ \^ Zch. 
4,10 a. n-jijlyn I^Jt 5,9* weight of 
lead or plummet; poet. Iii^ ^j^K the 
weights of desolation Is. 34, 11.— 
p|t occurs in several compound 
geographical names; a) S^fjn IJIJ 
a place between Rama and Nob 
1 8. 20, 19. h) ]g3 \Jj^ in Benja- 
min Jos.15,6. c) nj,g>6 l^g to the 
east of Jerusalem 1 K. 1, 9. d) \y^ 
nr^jn near Mizpah 18.4,1. 

]3K Ch. (def. »^?B) f. stone h)\ J^jt 
a heavy stone Ezr.5,8. 

n33N Ktib 2K.5,12 for HiDS , which 
TT -: ^^ • 

0338 (from O^D) m. girdle. 

.. • ^ 

D^33K d». f. i) potter's wheels Ccon- 

•r : T 

sisting of two stones) Jer.18,3.— 
2) birth-stools (others: bathing- 
luD for new-born children) Ex. 

"U^X pr. n. uncle and general oi 

.. . ^ 

Saul IS.14,51 =nj^?B 50. 
D3X to fatten; only pt p. DU^f "ist 

fattened ox 18.15,17; D^QI^KD'^I^IS 
fatted fowls IK 5,3. 

n»a»3X (from y^i) f. blaln, boil 
ri^^WK 1^1??^ an inflammation 
producing boils Bx.9,10. 

P2K pr. n. of a city in Issachar 


Jos. 19,20. 
I^IlK pr- n. a judge c f Israel Jud. 
DDK (aWn to pjn to embrace) iVS^^ 

P3^i Vtt<.p5|<V,^n/'. p5?n) to wrestle 



T T 


with him Gea.32,25; mf. sf, "^^y^^,^ 

in his wrestling 32,26. 
p3K (c. PWJ; 9f. Di55S).m. dust. 

n^ntjl (»B)/. powder *?ail nj^S 

the spicy powder of the merchant 
ISK If (<fc». from "T^jK wing) only 

ITq)^* '"^^P'O *° ^y ^P» to soar; /ii^. 

pr'I^K.Tioj^Wa dojih the hawlc 

fly by thy wisdom? Jb.39,26. 
*DN n. to be strong, whence Ti}^ 

a. T?K. 
"DN m. wing, quill. 

f, wing, feather. 
&n^ilKp>^-*i- ancestor of the Hebrews 

T T ; - 

Xl^N Qen. 41,43 ace. some: young 

ruler (£rom ^ and t]^)s others: 
bend the knees (froih ^^ JlipA.). 
Some derive this word from the 
Egyptian ape-rtk^ bend the head! 
D^I^NlM'. n. previouf Dfime of D^*)^ 

D1^'5^3KBeefi1>|^^5IJ. . 
K3K pr. n. m. 


33ijl>»'. n. title of Amaleklte princes; 

gent "^f^ Est 3,1. 
TJX to bind, to unite. 
fTTJN (c. n3J8;i?i. nin^R)/". i) bundle, 

bunch ^i?J{ nn^S a bunch of hyssop 
. Ex.12,22. — ^) band, company, body 
nn« nn;«i Vl^.^ and they formed 
one band (or body) 2S.2,25.— 
3) band, fetter H^iD nin^R the 
bands of the yokels 58,6.— 4) vaiilt 
\ ^:m\ riS ^S ^^3^8 he hath found- ^ 

ed his [celestial] vault over the 
earth Am.0,6. 
TiJN fn. nut. 

TlJX P**- w. author of the 30th chap* 


ter of Proverbs. 
nnlJX (c. niW) /•.. little coin. 

^3K (c. i?«. "iiW.) w. drop. 
... ,.. 

D^*^3S pr. n. of a city in Moab Is. 

•I- : V 

DJK (pi. D^^aS, c, •'P^B) m. i) pool 
D;8"D38 a pool of water 18.41,18.— 
2) reed, bulrush Jer.51,32. 

DJN adj, sad, grieved IS^fir^WK 
grieved in soul 16.19,10. 

]1D3K w. 1, reed, bulrush )iD;«5 efD^q 

itS^K^ to bend his head as a bul- 
rush Is.58,5; fig. Of a low condition 
I^DJBl n^9 palm-branch and rush 
(I. e. high and low) 9,13.— 2) rope 
of reeds ifiS? ]^D^< D'^B^pa canst 
thou put a reed-rope through his 
nose? Jb.40,26.— 3) caldron IHJ 
]iDJS1 D^Sj as a seething pot or 
caldron 41,12. 

UH (c. ]IH \^. niJ^r?) m. bowl, basin. 

P|3X (pi- D^PiS) «». troops, army 

(prop. wing). 
^JN (/**<• *^'W.y to gather, to collect. 

N1:K Ch. (<fe^. »^']m f. letter, 

t: • 

^njK (from «15|) m. fist. 

tJOnjX (pi. c. \^tjni8) w. dish, basia 

max (pi. fl^"1^t^) f' letter, edict. 

viv • • 

TK (from n^K) /". vapor, mist. 

- T 


21» only H^h. mf 3^8*2 IS.2,23 
for a^lBD^ to cause to languish, 
to trouble. 

imii^ pr n, m. 

•• • • ^ 

c.^'^rK, «/". •'T8, DO'.^^K^ etc.) 
m master, lord, possessor ^;D1^ 
]nt^S D'?1*^|5 God made mo 1 rd 
Gen.i5,9; of God: {^^«n h^ ]m the 
Lord I fall the earth Ps.97,5. '•JHR 


is used instead of the second per- 
son of t».e pronoun in addressing 
superiors: l^^rng h^^ \18 my 
lord asked his servants (i. e. y u 
asked your servants) Gen.44,19. 
The pi. \a sometimes used as astng , 
in which case it agrees with a verb 
or adjective in the singular num- 
ber. ^S'lR^ "t^ilK his master should 
glvebim'Ex.21,4; nffp^D'-ynKa cruel 
lord Is. 19,4.— ''jnk (my Lord) for 
^J^8> exclusively of God Gen. 18, 
30; 'P8.35,23; see also T\f{\. 

D^nyt i>r n of a city in Judah 

mnX see Dy JIB . 

I^Tii< see n^n^H . 

riS Ch. adv then, at that time. 

T'lK «4; mighty, glorious, noble 
"^^^8 '"JS a mighty cedar Ez.17,23, 
whence ' onns Zch.11,2 mighty 
cedars; ^1 Dn$3 "^^8 the Lord is 
mighty 'on high Ps.93,4j D-?*;? 
Onng mighty kings 136,18; see 
also n^TK 5.— 2) m. leader, com- 

mander ^365 ^^^8 n;ni. and their 

leader shall be of themselves Jer. 

.30,21; jKVn ^T"8 leaders of the 

flocks 25.34. 

K^^IX pr. n. m. 
^ • — — • 

mN to be red Cf^l} OX? 10"}? 

- T 

redder than corals were they in 
body Lam.4,7. 

Pu. D38 to be made red; only 
pt. DIKD kah.2,4 for D'JW made 
red; pT D^DllftJ died red Ex.25,5. 

Fip/i. D^l^nV***- Dn8:> to be 
red, to grow red pHnsb'^l^rD* 
though they should be red like 
crimson ls.1,18. 

Hithp D18OT to become red ]J2 
D180^ ^? the wine when it is red 
QIH i) adj. if r\^l^,\ pi. m. D^?18) 

re'd, ruddy tfn^\T\'i ''t'' my ^iend 
is white and ruddy Cant.5,10; n^§ 
niJlS a red cow Num.19,2; D''D18 
053 red as blood 2K.3,22.— 2) m. 
something red njrj DT^H Dl^JH 
that red thing (I. e. red pottage) 
Gen.25,30; abstractly: redness 8^0 
T]pcSS Dn§ why Is redness on thy 
garment? Is 63,2. 
DHK w ruby (precious stone). 

mX (without Inflection) m i) man 

D^wn"n8 ••• V- ^T^' ^"^ '^® Lord... 

I fornied the man ben.2,7; ]^^D Dni{ 

man of understanding Pr.28,2. — 

2) mankind, men DHt^H nn«? like 
any ( ne of mankind Jud.16,7, \^t 
D^g flocks of men Ez. 36,38. — 

3) somebody, anybody n^DV"^? ^1? 

; when a man v\. ^' ^'iXKv^^^^^ ^N^"^ 


Num.l9,U; n42Nt «S DnK'StJ I will 
give no flattering titles to any- 
body Jb.32,21.— 4) man, as opp( s- 
ite to woman Ec.7,28.— d) pr. n. 
a) Adam, the first man Gen 5,3. 
6) a city near tiie Jcrdan Jos. 3,16, 

ChX pr. n. 1) son of Isaac, lirst 

named ie^V.Gen.36,l.-~ ^) Edomito 
tribe Num.20,20.— 3) land ( f the 
Edumites 1K.9.20-, gent "'tp^.^pl 

m. Dicing , D'»'.Di8 , pi f. n^phs . 

D'nDnS (/* 'mipisi adj. reddish! 
nOnX V^- ^- ^^ ^ place. 

T :- 

nCnN ' c. DDIK ; «/•. '001.8) f- 1) land, 
T T -: • * • 

earth, soil.— ^)c unlry^pm^'Dng 
P8.49,12. - 3) pr. n. (f a city in 
Naphtali Jos.19,36. 
^Jlan« see -iD1« . 

'dnX see Dn« 3. 


^DIX i'''. w. of a city in Naphtali, 

called 3 p. in "DnS Jos.19,33. 
D^l^^^{ (red-bruwn) j>r. n of a ridge 

of hills between Juduh and Benja- 
min Jos.15,7. 
^^DHN ^dj- reddish, red-haired. 

J^nO'^N pr. n of a Persian. 
T T : - 

I'nX pr n. of a place in Babylonia. 

nX {pi D';i«, c. V.IK) m. founda- 

tion, threshold. 
'jhS see J-inK . 

pT3"^inXl>»* n. of a Phenician liing. 

n*inX pr. n. /) son of David IK. 1,5 

a. 8. — ;?) a person mentioned In 
2Chr.l7,8.— 3) a person mentioned 


I • • • 

in Neh.10,17 =D|Ti^8 Ezr.2,13. 
^.T^nN see n»h8 . 

IT* I -; T • 


pnS"^inK P»*.n. of a Phenician king. 

ap^ns* see n;:h8 5. 

DTJHXf*. w. tax-gatherer of David 

and Solomon IK.4,6. =D*;nK 2K. 
20,24 a. Cnin 2Chr.lO,18. 
ITS to be great, t ) be splendid; 

only Xiph. *11SJ to show oneself 
glorious; pt. t!^ip3 *1!J^5J glorious 
in holiness Ex.15 ll;witn parag. ^ : 
n35^TlN*j glorious in strength 15,6. 
Hiph. Tnsri (/•uf.nn^:) to glorify 
'T'^5>*-5 nnin'*^''!;!: he wm magnify 
the law and glorify it 18.42,21. 
^n5< m. dress, mantle. 

• I ■ 

niX m the 12th month of the Hebrew 

yeur (corresponding to March) 
TIX I>r. n 1) a place in the south 

of Judah Jos.15,3 =*TJN* ISC] Num 
34,4.-- 2} =1^^ , which see 

niK Ch. (def. sn-is , pi c. nnw) m. 

-» » • . « 


"iTS^inX Ch {pi def. KpUinS) m. 

dignitary, supremo judge. 
X*im%S Ch adv, quickly (others: 

• • • 

\ST\^ Vl D'rsnS) »H Persian coin. 

Tl'PDmX pr n 1) Assyrian doily 

2k.l7.3l— 2) Assyrian king Is. 
ymx Ch. (=Heb yl^t) f. arm; fig. 

^ff*nX pr. n. 1) capital of Bashan 



•f I 

Deut.L4.— 2) a city in Naphtali 
Jos. 19,37. 
n-THN ^sf. inniW, Dning) f, l) glory 

ViV - • ^ • 

Dnil*? HTl?^ wasted is their glory 
Zch.l 1,3. — 2) cloak, mantle, gar- 
ment *ir:pn'3>* mantle of Shinear 
(i. 6. Babylonish ga.ment) Jos.7, 
21; nrg^ rnrv^ a hairy cloak Gen. 
25,25 — 3) adj. f. of ""''JN* glorious, 
elegant r)'TV^ ]^.| elegant vine 
Ez. 17,8. 
2^"TK (=iyn) to thresh; only once 

~ T 

in/". ^^g^lT C^ns he will ever be 
threshing "it Is.2S,2S. 

nnx , '^ ^n? {fut :}ns:., 1 3n« a. :}nj<, 

^ ^ ■ * • * 

verb. n. ing, 8/". Djnk also ni^jiy 
c. n^nX) i) to love, to like, to be 
fond of flB^^-ng yr\^ he l^ved 
Joseph Gen. 37,3; with h : !;:^:^\<] 
TjX'l*? thou shalt luve thy neigh 
bor Lev.19,18; with ^: ]iDn| ^n« 
he that loveth abundance Ec.5,9; 
C^^'li? (i^5|5«=) ^?53^^ that loveth 
to tread out Hos.iO,ll; M"!'^? ac- 

• • • • ■ 

cording to their loving (i.e. as they 
love) 9,10; ;'; D^^-n^J njnb*^ to love 
the name of God Is.56,6S ^^ njnt?? 
^if'iV\ V.5TIK even as the Lord 
loveth the children of Israel 3,1 — 

2) to be glad -n« ;i yet?^: ^? \-n3nN 

^^^pl am glad thattheLordheareth 
my voice P8.116,l.— For Un UHK 
Ho8.4,18 see under 2TV. 
Niph. in^j to be beloved; only 

• • • 

pt. D^jn«^n I he beloved 2S.l,23. 
Pi. -HtJ to love passionately; 
only pt. ^5nS9 my lovers Hos.2,7, 

?|:3n«tJ thy lovers Jer.22,20, etc. 
3nt? w- loveliness, love; only pi. 

D^T'IIS A'.J^ a lovely gazelle I'r. 
5,19; b'^ins ^^0^ they have be- 
Btowed lovo lIo8.8,9. 
3nX w* lovo, love-affair; only ^j/. 

D'^'^nKS nc^rr^: let us indulge in 
love Pr.7,18. 
riDHN f' love; also verb, n., see iHfc^. 

r\ni^ inter}, ah! wuel 

NinX i-^. n a river in Media 
T-: - 

Ezr. 8, 15. 
nVlN W' **• * ju^go of Israel Jud 

\nX l=n>^) adv. where? Ho8.13,U. 
• v: 

triX I. (/"»**. ^5SV to pitch tents 

Dlp-ny SnSM and he pitched his- 
. • • • 

tents till close to Sodom Gen. 13, 12. 

Pi. same as AaZ; (Sn«^=) ^nr«S 

^551; Df^ nor shall the Arabian 

pitch there his tent Is. 13,20. 

^nx 11. .=:*?in) to give light, to 

shinej only Hiph. fid. xSl. Dl^ng ]ri 
'/\'1i<^ behold even to the moon, 
and it shineth not Jb.25,5. 

hm isf. '^^^ , Ti'rn^ ; with n loc. 
'^hr^H- pi. D^^njj, D^^ni< , c. ^!?nj<) 

i) tent, taberna Ic, habitations??^ 
'"HK who dwellcth in a tent Gen. 
4,20; ms?n ^n« tabornacle of the 
testimony^ Num.17,22; nyiD hr\t< 
tabernacle ofthecongragation Ex. 
30,18.- 2) fig. h(4isohold, family 
ni^n'^ ''^nK-nN ^^ l?C^im and the 

T ; "t:t V t: - • : 

Lord will save the tents {i. e. 

7nN 10 

T T 

households) of Judah Zch.12,7. — 
3) jw-. n. w. lChr.3,20. 
br\» rn. (only pi D'>*?n8 a. niSng) 

aloe-wood, aloe-tree yDJ D'^yngS 
J!i as aloe-trees which the Lord 
hath planted Num.24,65 rfSHRl io 
myrrh and aloes Cant.4,14. 

nSnN P^' w- symbolic name of Sa- 
maria Ez. 23,4. 

SN^SlN pr. n. m. 

T • t: T 

ni^ ^nX pr* «. symbolic name of 


Jerusalem £z.23,4. 
nOl^SlK pr. n. i) wife of Esau.— 

T T • t: T 

^) Edomite tribe. 
pnXjpr. n. Aaron, brother of Moses 

IK Ktib Pr.31,4 for '♦N where? ace. 


some verb, n, Ik (from Ti^H) desire: 

VJ? 18 ^'irn)^ i:;nne^ D^?^el? h^ 

not lor kings to drink wine, nor 
for princes to desire strong drink. 

IN (prop. inf. of HIM to desire, to 
choose) (x>f\;. i^or: blQ^ ^K tj^^ silver 
or gold G(en.44,8; lK . . . iK either . . . 
or Di Ik |3 ^^ either a son or a 
daughter Ex.21, SI— 2) if, if but, 
if perhaps, or if perhaps tg"if< 
D^jb W$: if then their heart shall 
be humbled Lev.26,4J; p?rP lK 
••IVp? if he but take hold of my 
strength ls.27,5; TjjjyrnB 1« or if 
perhaps he answereth thee IS. 

• • 

31K (akin to 2if) to be hollow, 
whence ^i^. 


aiN (l>^. rfak) m. i) bottle ni:j«? 
D''?^3n like new bottles (i. e. like 
skins filled with new wine that 
easily burst) Jb.32,19.— 2) the 
hollow beily of conjurers, in which 
the conjuring spirit resides, hence: 
a) conjuring spirit aiX3"'SKj ^p^jj 
divine, I pray thee, unte me by 
the conjuring spirit IS 28,8; iTnj 

i^f^P n^'S ^^^? ^^^ thy voice 
shall be like one of a conjuring 

spirit out of the earth 18.29,4; \^y\ 

niDkJI"S{i inquire of the cDnjuring 

spirits 8,19. 6) conjurer of the dead, 

necromancer D^^yT\ilK H^yi and 

he appointed necromancers and 

wizards 2K.21,6; nin«n-nrj "T'pn 

he removed the necromancers IS. 

28,3; ^i« rf2V.3 a woman skilled 

in necromancy IS.28,7. 

n1ilSl>»'- w. a station of the Israelites 

in the Arabian desert Num.21,10. 

^^3lK pr. n. w. 

^l^K , ^3« (=^3^'') w. river, stream. 

niN D to turn, to surround, whence 
n^K, T»g , nniN .— 2) to be strong, 
whence *lf<p . 

l^N ipl- D'T«) w. fire-brand. 

nniK (from 11« 1) pi. turns, cir- 
cumstances, causes; always con- 
nected with -5?, with which it has 
the meaning cf the prepositions: 
because of, concerning rfTK ^g 
^i? bee 1 use of his son Gen.21,llj 
nwan nn« hv concerning the we 'J 
26,32 nn«-Sj-:j? because of all 
this Jer.3,8; with sf. ^O^IW Sj; con- 



cerning me, T|^fl^ni< hv concerning 
thee JosJ4,6; without hv t nly in 
the difficult passage ny^J rh^H'h^ 

^^b^y-nffs n*3n8B nmD nSin.iiD 

^in^pS ^tjy there is no cause for 
this wrong, to send me away, 
which is greater than the other 
which thou hast done with me 
nix -P'. njJJ to long for, to desire 

^^T5« T?5 in my soul have I 

longed for thee l8.26,9; ^B^ob HJIJ 
.1 • • • 

i? he hath desired it as a habita- 
tion for himself Ps.132,13. 

Eithp. nwjjn {fut. ap. igo!) V to 

long for VfliSg^pJ? 1BipCl'"?S do 
not long for his savoury meats 
Pr.23,3{ ^»;?I^?r! 18011 the king 
will long for thy beauty Ps,45,l2; 
nj80 nj8W to have a lustful long- 
ing Num.11,4* — 2) to marlc off 
n91?.Su^S D5^ DJJ^lKfini ye shall 
mark off to yourselves the eastern 
border Num,34,10. 
nW (c. ni«; 8f. ^flJS) desire. 

WK pf. «. /^ son of Joktan Gen. 10, 

2. — 2) name of a place in 
Arabia Ez.27,19; see also ^m Pu. 


^iN «»*«»:;. woe! alas! 
i^1« see :i:« . 

rt^lK see ^ii< . 


*?''1K aJi. a. n. foolish, fool ^'•1.8/? 
• ••• • ■ 

^tJ8 because my people is foolish 
•r-5r.4,22; D^.Q^t? S-^JB. a fool in his 

11 n^^K 


! speaking Pr.10,8; TJ^J'lft D^^^J?. 
Dye^9 fools because of their trans- 
gression Ps.107,17. 

^^^K <^;'. foolish ^^m ngl a foolish 

shepherd Zch.11,15. 
"Tli^p ^^W pr. n. of a Chaldean 

king 2K.25,27. 

^1X ^> to be in front, to be the first, 
whence h^H ram (as leader of a 
flock), 7J8 hart (because of his 
swiftness), etc.— 2) to be strong, 
whence hn power, HtS or ]1?8 
terebinth (because of its strength), 
etc.— 5) to be foolish^ whence 


7^X w. JO strength; only with af. 
dS^« «^"19^ their strength is firm 
Ps.73,4. — 2) mighty person; pi. a 
ri?? ^b,^^ the mighty of the Ian I 
2k;24,15 (Ktib for '•S'^W) . 

^•1K V ^^' ^^y b®» perhaps ^h^L 
n|l§tp n^2K it may be that I may 
obtain children by her Qen.16,2; 
n9«n"r^^ ^!2^K perhaps she wilj 
not be willing 24,5.- 2) it ^Su^ 
^nv^y, D"'^Tn8?r: if it should yield 
(fruit), strangers will swallow U 
up Hos.8,7j also negatively: ^2^W 

^0^^? njOK D^ nng •»? "jgp n<jpj 

if she had not turned aside froin 
me, I would surely now have slair 
thee Num.22,33. 
D^^N , D^X V m. {pi D^e^N , c. •'S^W; 

T T •. 

vestibule, hall.— 2) adv. a. conj 
but, however, yet.— 3) pr, n. m 

n^^N («/". "'^/l?^ f- foolishness, folly. 





riK ^>) to breathe, to blow, /i^. to be 
empty or vain; hence \y^ and 
I^K.— j2) to pant, pg, to labDr, 
to make effort; hence ]nK strength. 

IJK (*/•. ^;> , d;^«) ♦». i; nothing, 
ness, vanity T^\ 'rcr D2nn their 
greatness is trouble and vanity 
(vain effort) Ps.90,10.^ 2) false- 
hood nnnp^ ; JK '>'9"'*:i51 the words 
of his mouth are falsehood and 
deceit P8 36,4; fig. idolatry: ]JK 
D^9?ri^ idolatry and image-worship 
1S«15,23; 1^4 nrir? ^® blesseth an 
idol Is. 66,3. — S\ wicliedness, 
injustice ^rK n^^OTD the thoughts 
of thy wickedness Jer4,14; ^^t- 
Dy«-n» D^'^ita and he will bring 
back on them their own injustice 
P8*94,23.— A) opprobrious name 
of On, a city in Lower Egypt (see 
I^K ^ below). 

|,ft< i'j^. D^J^K) m. i) strength, power 

D^rlSK-n(< n-;^ l:i«? in his 

strength he strove with an angel 
H08.12,4, ^^'^S* ^lS3t his powerful 
steps Jb.18,7; D'ilK ]^S the power- 
less ls.40,29, of the generative 
power: ^J^K i^^B^^H the beginning 
of my strength (i. e. my first-born 
son) Gen.49,2;/w)ef. a child ar^J ^HJ 
^■T^ his child will suffer hmiger 
Jd. 18,12.— 2) wealth, substance 
"h ]i« '•0«¥9 'Olff? I am become 

• • • • 

rich, I have acquired substance 
Hos 12,9.— H) affliction, pain ")§ 
^J^>5 the son of my affliction Gen. 
35,18} D^J^« DI3S the bread of af- 

fliction (i. e. the bread of mourn- 
ers) Hcs.9,4.— A) J'K a. ]X pr. n. 
On, a city in Lower Egypt Gen. 
41,50 =w D? r\; iTemple of the 
Sun) Jer.43,13, called by the Greeks 
Ueliopolis (Ciiy of the Sun). 

I^IX /"*• ^' a city in Benjamin Esr. 

ni^jTx Ktib for ni^;»,irf.ofnj;^. 


T£^X V' *»• of a gold-country Jer. 


10,9; Dan. 10,5. 
*1^£1S V^' **• ^) son of Joktan Gen. 


10,29.—- 2) a country in south 
Arabia (ace. some: in India, others: 
in Africa), reputed to be rich in 
gold 1K.9,2S: hence "I'^^iK a name 
for gold Jb.22,21. 
]fllN (c. |B^^';i>I. D''45^«) wheel. 

pK O'*. rPi i^ D'V?) to press, to 

Biph. {^^Jjn (/u*. {*''«;) to press, 
to urge. 

1X18 (c. ^v^\j^, nnyiK, c. niiv''^) »». 

i^ treasure, store, provision.— 2) 
store-house, treasury. 

^1S (/*«*. y^^^^ to become light or 
clear, to dawn *1^K "li^^n the morn- 
ing was light Gen. 44,3; D^^ T«5 
^Zin and when ye have light, go 
away IS.29,10; ^rj? n« ray eyes 
are become clear 14,29; fig. to 
cheer up ^T^5 ^5^tp arise, cheer up 
A^fpA. niNj {fvi. "^^^ inf, ^i«ij for 




"^"^Db) to dawn, to shine ^1«»J 
l^'^^D? DqS and it dawned upon 
them at Hebron 2S.2,32; 1^«5 ni«S 
D^*nn to shine In the light of life 
Jb.33,30; pt. nn« llw: thou art 
brilliant P&.76,5. 

to give light, to shine *:'J? 'T'^nS 
f ^^5 to give light upon the earth 
Gen.1,15; HTKH f'^gn the earth 

gave light Ez.43,2;* "I'^w: 0*^*5 nS^^ 

• • • 

the night will shine like the day 
P8.139,12; with accus. to give light, 
to cause to shine, to enlighten 

T^33'r\^ nnh T^n^ to give light 

unto them on the way Neh. 
9,125 Tl^^K V^g ;^. T«; the Lord 
make his face shine unto thee 
Num 6,25; iJ-flJ *^'t^; ^'^DB behind 
him he causeth his pathway to 
shine Jb.41,24; in1« ^''^''-K^ niM 
and the moon shall not let shine 
her light Ez 32,7; ^^p. n>*5 nn« 
thou wilt cause my light to shine 
Ps. 18,29; '•J-'K ri'l^'Vin enlighten my 
eyes Ps.13,4; pt. f. c. DJJ^g nTND 


enlightening the eyes 19,9.— 2) 
to light up, to set on fire \"^^^Q «S 
Djn ^n^tp ye shall not light up 
my altar for nought Mal.1,10; 

ng*.« nn'^ijipniwi d^c^: women win 

come and set it on fire Is.27,11. 
^fj< m, 1) light (in the widest sense); 
pi n^yt< lights, luminaries.— 2) 
fresh verdure, green herbs dnj 
nix '•hi? nX as clear heat on fresh 
verdure Is.18,4; pi rili« Sd the 
dew of herbs 26,19; ri*lJ< t3ip5^ to 
gather herbs 2K.4,39. 

TIK (pl> Onw,. Dn^) w*. 1) light- 
country I] n?3 D^h^J glorify the 
Lord in the countries of light (i. e. 
countries of the East) Is.24,l5.— 
2) fire, flame 'T'ViD niK| thou 
Shalt burn with fire Ez.5,2.— 3) 
enlightenment, revelation D^*]^K 
D^pOl revelations and truth Ex. 
28,30 (the oracle worn by the high- 
priest in his breast-plate). 

"l^pr. n. 1) a person mentioned In 
lChr.11,35.— 2) a Chaldean city 
(D>rj^3 n^«), the birth place of 
Abraham Gen. 11,28. 

iTIlN /■. 1) light =n1« I- 2) pi 
rili« a. nhk herbs =li« ^. 

nm see n;^{<. 

«• • 
iT'l^X pr. n. i; husband of Bath- 

sheba 2S.11,3.— 2J a priest men- 
tioned in Is.8,2.— SJ a person 
mentioned in Neh. 3,4. 
^iTIIX pr. n. a prophet mentioned 

IT • I 

in Jer.26,20. 

nnlN see *:1« 2. 

^•?|X see rrp. 

n^K (perhaps akin to ni«) Niph. 
D^t^j {fid, niK*".) to consent, to agree 
D35 niW n*5 in this we will con- 

• • • 

sent unto you Gen.34,15. 

niK (pi niniK, rin«) com. i; sign, 

mark, token T]T '71? n^fr^S as a sign 
on thy hand Ex.13,19; nin«S vn] 
and they shall be for signs Gen. 
1,14— 2) proof ^j:^ ''5 rf«p 
Tl''jnp2P^ the proof that I have sent 



thee Ex.3,12.— .?;. ensign 'hv ^^^ 
DDiR ^'^St? ^i^^i ^^i'^. every roan 
by his own standaid, by the en- 
signs of their family division 
Num.2,2.— ''OiK, TjO^t^, etc., see nfi. 

nVniN 18.41,23 a. 44,7 pt of «pg. 

n^g , which see. 
TS odu. then, at that time; TKD, tg ]IJ 

• T 

from that time, of old, since. 
KTN, njK Ch. {inf. «IB) to heat, to 
kindle; W sf. nn.O^ to heat It 

ITN Ch. to go forth t^llB '•|? n^^lj 
the word is gone from me Dan.2,5. 

y\(H w. hyssop (plant). 


11TS w». girdle, belt. 


•»TK adv. then =rg . 

mSTX /". offering of remembrance, 

>« 1) to go away h\no\ Tg lS ^.r^] 

when he goeth away, then he 
boasteth Pr.20,14; nto ^^rrno 
how far thou hast gone away! 
Jer.2,36 (=^Sj8ri); others: why 
makest thou thyself so very low 
(from SS{, which see).— 2) to be 
gone, to be spent, to fail UQ^T^ 
^:\S3P Sj« the bread is spent out 
of our vessels IS 9,7; D:0 ^S}K 
D^"^JIJ the waters are gone from 
the sea Jb.14,11; T nSjg the power 
faileth Deut.32,36. 

Pu. only pt. h]>Hp Ez.27,19 ace. 
Stb.: something current (goods, 
money); ace. Ges.: something spun, 

textile (from Talm. *?!«. to weave); 
others: Sn^p from Usal 'see ^j^«). 
^TK Ch to go away. 

]TX I- (Ar. ]n) to weigh, whence 
oyiT^KD scales, balance; only Pi. 
\fH to weigh carefully, to probe 
*^)?.01 W ^* probed and searched 
out Ec.12,9. 

nX 11. (detL of ]ii< ear); only H^k 

JMSDto give ear, to listen, to heark- 
en ''^K ]Vritri give ear unto me Ps. 
77,2; ^O^W -^f^D hearken unto 
my speech Gen. 4,23; 'TJ ]^l« 
D^D^^^W I gave an ear to your 
reasonings Jb.32,11 (=n8r<); VM 
n\r\ ]itrS-^2 ]\TtJ falsehood giveth 
ear to a mischievous tongue Pr. 

17,4 (=l\rKB). 
]Ti< {8f. ^^\dii. D:,ll{<)r. ear. 

]TK (from ]j; ; sf. TJ^y.K) m. girdle 

for weapons. 

Ilan nlJTN pr. n. & city in Naph- 
T :- 

tali Jos. 19,34. 
mxa* UX pr. n. of a village IChr. 

Tv: V I" •. 

••JTN pr. n. m. 

n^JTX pr n. m. 

■ • • 

pTX see p.t. 

1TX {/■««- ll«:.; »/■- 'nt«!) to bind, 

to gird TJ^JOP '^'^?.'!? g^rd up thy 
loins Jer.lilV; TJ-^'^q n^J? «p4« 
do gird up like a mighty man thy 
loins Jb.38,3; S^n nW D^^Tf^J^ those 
who stumbled girded [themselves] 
with strength IS.2,4; pt p, '^\t^ 

- I : V 


T V 

Niph. 11^ i to be girded. 

Pi. 115? to gird, to arm with 
nnp?^ '•pnWTO and tliou has girded 
=''nWni— nwp ls.50,n perhaps 
=^!5iPi from n^T. to spread. 

Hiihp. "^X^n^ to gird or arm one- 
selflTgtipn fp he girded himself 
with strength Ps.93,1. 
rntN (=8^^!) f arm Jer.32,21. 

mtN (c. n^Tg) m. i; a native tree 

JiS.1 n^tS? like a green native tree 
(1. e. like a green tree in its native 
solU Ps.37,35.— J^; native, home- 
born, indigenous *)AD? ^'JTt^n a 
native or a stranger Lev.16,29. 
^mtX pair, of in^S Ps.89,1 and of 

• t:v ' ^ 

V¥i} 88,1 who descended flrom H 1.? 
HN I. (c. ^08 ; sf V^ , Tl^pg , ^V^ 

or ^n^np , etc.; pi. D^llg , c. "•nB) w. 
i^ brother, relation. — 2) preceded 
by B?^t< the word ng denotes: the 
other ^^I7§"*?^J B^^^ one to another 
Gen.42,28;1^™-ng B^^t^ one another 
Ex. 10,23; VIlg-*?g9. B^-'K one from 
the other Qen.13,11} I^Df JT'^iJ Zch. 
7,10 one against the other.— 
3) num. =*ipg one, some one n|^^3 
n^Bg iPt?B n{< and he doeth some 
one of these things £z. 8,10. 
nX Ch. (pi. sf. ?l^p«) m. brother. 

nX II. /"- flre-pot, chaflng-dish. 


nX mf€r/. ah! alas! woe! 


HK IH. w. meadow; only pi K^^5^ 


D^?l$ rS though he grow luxuri- 

antly between meadows Hus.13,15 
ni< (only pi. D^nK) w. owl. 

aXHK F- n. i; a king of Israel IK. 

16,28.— 2) a false prophet Jer.29, 
21 =ap>5 v.22. 

nnx see Mnn 2. 

TV ■ • 

nnK a. THK (c. nn« ; once ID J pi. 
D^lpK ; t rm , '^ rm) num. l) one; 
usually following the noun *1|?^? 
npS one flesh Gen .2,24, rarely pre- 
ceding it B^pJ ip^t one person N um. 

31,28, but "if^v -ioB , f. nn?^V not? 

(eleven)alway 8 preceding.— 2) the 
repetition of^p^* without a conjunc- 
tion has a distributive meaning: 

neet; intj ^^v\ ng§ k^^j one 

prince each from every tribe ^^um. 
34,18, npS nn«^ one by one 18.27, 
12; rnK^ nDI$ (adding) one to one 
Ec.7,27.— 5) of a person: one, 
someone, somebody ^8 ip^ KX.*J 
•Tiyn and one went out into the 
field 2K.4,39; D^H nnfi$ one of the 
people Gen.26,10, B^ng npK a holy 
one Dan.8,13; Hp^'nx m npg one 
another: np^JJ'nw np^.J ^3^ and 
one smote the other 2S.14,6; 1§13 
^DK"rii< ID and one will speak to 
the other Ez.33,30.— 4) only one 
r\^'\ rm ny^ an evll, an only evil 
Ez.7,5.— 5) alone Vinw^f? npN "•J 
1 called himalonels.51,2.-'f?;in§? 
arfr «; together 'intiS vHi^n Sj the 
whole congregation together Ezr, 
2,64. b) alike D'';i^D nn^? D5'»;?> 
both of them are good alike £c. 

- T 

11,6.— 7) nOS adv. a) but one 
n^pn*? Inj nn« there is but one 
law for him, to put him to death 

Est 4,11. h) onoe n\r\'^ ^h\ nnK tkh 

not once nor twice 2K.640; with 

n: at once, alike ^Sd?;i ng^inOW^ 

• • • * • 

they are at once brutish and foolish 
Jer 10,8. 

PI D^IPS 1) the same nQg n^\f 
Q^^ni D^19^^ one language and 
the same words Qen.11,1; with h: 
as one TJT? D"«insi rqi and they 
shall become one in thy hand Ez. 
37,17.— 2) a few D'^IOK U^lf^ a few 
days Gen.27,44. 

THK (den, from T||18) to unite; only 

once mthp, ^nSO^I Ez.21,21 unite 
thyself, gather strength (of the 
sword I. 

nriK to adhere (in the Mishnah Pi, 

nil^fcj to unite, to sew together). 

^riN w. 1) meadow Gen.41,2.— 2) bul- 


rush, reed-grass Jb.8,11. 
WK pr. n. w. lChr.8,6 =''118 Gen. 

riTlK (ftrom nin ; sf. ^OJCit?) /•. dec- 

laration Jb.13,17. 

ninX (from nn«) /".brotherhood Zch. 

nlnX pr, n. m. lChr.8,4 =.1*06 v. 7. 

iTlHK Ch. (c. n:;njS) /". solution, ex- 
planation lyORrtTlB solving of 
riddles Dan.5,12. 

^D^nX pr. n, m. 

^InN fl m. (pi. c. ^ning; »/■. ^liHR. 
Dgj^'lln^ kack-side, rear ""linK 

- T 

I^S^On the back-side of the taber- 
nacle Ex.26,12.~ 2) adv, a) back- 
ward, back Tin^ ^I^TJ they are de- 
parted backward Is 1,4; Iln^9 
n^n?P^. he hildeth it back Pr.29, 
11; of time (withS): in the future, 
hereafter lin^^ n1»0*<? tlie events 
that are to come hereafter 18.41, 
23. 5) on the outside, without T\y\n^ 
ning\ D^J§ written within and with- 
rut Bz.2,10. 

ninx isf, ^o^ng, T|;jin8, etc.; iii. 
ni'^ny , «/■. v^'^ci^) ^. V sister ng^ 

ning5^ on a brother or on a sister 
Ez.44,25.— 2) female relation Jb. 
42,11. — 5^ companion, mate \'?^n8 


''OiVI ™y sister (i. e. my compan- 
ion), my beloved Cant.5,2. — 4) 
preceded by H^K the word rfn« 
denotes: the other 'h^ T\f^ finjn 
n^lng coupled together one to 
another £x.26,3. 

THN (fut. TDJ^^ , irrg^i 2 rhK^i, rnAi ; 

once 3 f, Tpnj) i^ to lay hold of, to 
seize, to grasp Wh ^TD^^^J and 
they laid hold of him Jud.12,6; 
D"«Sr?^ \:h ^rqg seize for us the 
foxes"Cant.2, 15; {^JB^H ^aiJ8 a mort- 
al tremor hath seized on me 2S. 
1,9.— 2) to hold, to handle rijpk 
Gcn.25,26 holding on to; nOI TpN 
who could handle a spear 2Chr. 
25,5, with IP : to take out trig nngt 
D^?^pnn"]p one taken out of every 
fifty Num.31,30 — 5; to fasten, to 
gird Y^:i \S5n5 r^n« fastened with 
cords of fine linen Est.1,6; V.^ng 


^^y) girded with the sword Cant. 

T T 


3,S; tfnBtl.nln^l.D \fi^p; let them 
shut the doors, and do ye fasten 
(i. e. bar) them Neh.7,3. 

Niph. m,i , tnj^J (fut. TnH<.V 1) to 
be caught, to be held fast TOjJj 
^Xi VAS caught in a thicket Gen. 
22,13.— 2) to take possession of, 
to settle in nj-^qj^J nj^R whereof 
they had taken possession Jos. 
22,9; nj ^TD^}.!J and they settled 
there Qen.47,27. 

PL pt. tn^JD to cover, to close 
KB?"VS tlJKp he covereth the face 
of his throne Jb.26,0. 

Soph, pt tp|<^ to be fastened 
Q^ipK^ Mp?!? fastened to the throne 

THM pr. n. 1) a king of Judah 2K. 

T T 

18,1.— 2) a person mentioned in 

r«n« (c. mnK; 8f. injnR) f, posses- j 


Vl^THK pr. n. I) king of Israel IK. 

22,40.— ^) king of Judah 2K.8,24, 
for which 2Chr.21,17 tp^inj and 

22,6 v^;^l^. 

• • • 

DTHK pr. n. m. 

rffnX jw. n. m. Gen.26,26. 
•. • 

^HN jP*". n. m. i) a person mentioned 

in lChr.&,15.— 2) another person 

^riN pr. n. m. =*l^nw , which see. 

• •• 

KTn« Ch. (pi. |Tn8) /■. riddle. 

n^riN pr. n. m. of several persons. 
T* -: 

Vl^nX jpr. n. m. =.1318 IK.11,29 

l^nX !»". «. w- of several persons. 

nVT^nX pr. n. m. 

3^CnN pr. n. w. of several persons. 

^'^^^'^Ji? P^' **• ^' ^^ ^^^ persons. 
nlD^nX pr. n. m. 

•H/D^nN pr. n. 1) priest of ± IS. 
|viv • -: 

21,2.— 2) another person 2S.8,17. 
p'*nK pr. n. m. 

WD^nX I'''- w. i) father-in-law of 

Saul 'lS.14,50.— 2) son of the 
priest Zadok 2S.15,27. 

rnX pr. n. m. 
»t: - 

iirnS pr. n. m. 
TT • -: 

nrrnx pr. n /. 

TOD'^nx iw. n. w 

It t • -: 
Itff^nX pr. n. m. 

viv • -; 

Dp^nX pr. n. m 
It • -: 

m^nX pr. n. m. 

yTHX pr. n. w. 

^nty*nX pr. n. m. 
-r • -: 

^{P^nX pr. w. m. 

^Jjlfl^nX pr. n. an ally of Absalom 




i'^nX pr. w. of a city in Ashor 
T : - 

^^nX, \^n« inter j. Oh that! would 
thatl«^5|n \:9^ ''ilK \^n« Oh that 
my lord were before the prophet I 




2K.5,3; ^jni ^i31 ^bm Oh that my 
ways were firmly directed! Ps. 

nD^nX /". amethyst (precious stone) 

TIT : - 
Ex.28, 19. 

NrOnS pr^ w. Egbatana, capital of 

T • ! *" 

Media Ezr.6,2. 

^nX (M. "^D**^) to remain long, to 

stay l.y^QD IP "^D^^J li® remained 
out longer than the set time 2S. 

20,5 (=nn«»i), nnr-nr nntn and i 

stayed until nowGen.32,5(=nn^gV' 

Pi "ing ifut. nrigp fl to lag, to 

tarry, to delay, to be late J?n5 
vgiaj-jD "PSe ^"^nS why lag the 
wheels of his chariots? Jud.5,28; 
to^g^S ippo ^^ th^u Shalt not 
delay to pay it Deut.23,22; ^r\H\ «^ 
SHi^b he will not delay Irepay- 
ing] to him that hateth him Deut* 
7,10; pt. nstf ':m9 ye who are 
late in sitting 'P8.127,2; noSP 
«]Pi3 that are late in the twi- 
light Is 5,11.— 2) to detain ^H 
^jliK y^USB do not detain me Gen. 

adj. I) other, second, following.— 
2) foreign, strange. 

in« (c. ^ng ; p/ c. "iqr? ; sf. nqs ' 

T]'';jqB , 1'':jn.W, Dnnn«) 7) m. hind- 
part, back-part.— 2) adv, &. prep, 
behind, after; nqSP irom behind; 
la notf , ]3 ^riDB after that. 

]nnN (^. nfi'^DS ) |>^ w. D^jilQB) adj. 
hinder, later, last, n:i*inS? at last, 
subsequently; H^'inxS at the end. 

tnn^ pr. w. m. 

^mnX pr. n. m. 

• • • ^ — • 

nnN Heb. see 10^ . - 

nnx ch. («/■. i^n^nra?) i>«?p. »«»'• 

innX Ch. flrfj. last, latest. 
I ••t:t 

rfTlK f- n uttermost part n^DB? 
D^ in the uttermost parts of the 
sea Ps. 139,9.- 2) end HJ^ nnQK 
end of the year Deut.11,12; TJC 
n^lQt? ^^^^^IS declaring from the 
beginning the end Is.46,lO; Hil^-.q^' 
rrjD her end is bitter Pr.5,4.— 
5) last period of time, future 
D^Pjn n^lDB? in the last days, in 
the future Gen.49,1; ls.2,2; n^^ 
mpni nnng nil to give you a 
future and hope Jer.29,11.— 4) 
posterity nn.pnS innn.« '•n^ let 
his posterity be [doomed] to cutting 
off Ps.109,13. 

nnnK Ch. f. end. 

nni< Ch. (Mi/, other, strange. 


r^SinK (^<i^' backwards. 
ISn-lirriK (only pi. D'»:5ni?^n8) m 

satrap, Persian governor of a prov. 


^nitynX pr. n. of several Persian 
... — -. 

kings (in Dan.9,1 Cyaxeres, in Ezr. 
4,6 Kambyses, in Est. Xerxes). 
^lffn» Ktib Est.10,1 for B^nj^DK. 

^IWnX pr. n. w. 
•T : --: 

• • • • 

mjynX (only pi. D^nWOK) w. 

It;:--: t,, , 

royal courier. 
n^^< f. of nns , which see. 

IDK («/". ^9?) »». whisper, stillness, 

venience; with h: softly, gently ^D 
CkS D^p^hn nSiyn the waters of 
Shiloah that flow s6flly Is.8,6; 
ngj'Z "**? ^^^ gently [deall for my 
sake with the young man 2S.18,5; 
^E«^ n^ri^^ 1 will lead on at my 
convenience Qen.33,U; DwS nj*]! 
?]5V and tbe word softly (In a 
whisper) spoken to thee Jb. 15,11. 
PI. D^l^^{ whisperers, enchanters 
*7taK m. thorn-bush. 

19 nyt^ 

T T 

pox m. yarn. 

to close, to stop up. — Hiph. (fvJt 
Den:) to close. 

HON (M- "^B.^;^ prop, to bind, hence: 

to close. 
TtSN (from ^W) adj. bound, tied, 

lamed "^T^l 11 nglj lamed in his 
right hand (i. e. left-handed) Jud. 

^K (c. of .TK) where? s/* HJ^.W where 

art thou? i*8 where Is he? d;n 
where are they? etc. PIT *^< which 
one? who? HTD ^« wherefrom? ''K 
rmS how then? 

^K 1. (pi. D''»«, once ]^'K Ez.26,18; 

C' ^})i) m. coast-land, island. 

^K II. (only pi. D^*«) m. jackal. 

^8 in. adv. no, not, un- \7J"^<|^ un- 
clean (guilty) Jb.22,30; 1^^} ''K no 
glory IS 4,21. 

^N IV. mlerj woe! oh! f'lW T|S-"»^ woe 

to thee, land! Kc. 10,16. 
i\S (pi. a:«) to be an enemy ^r\yi^\ 

T|^3^X"ng and 1 will be an enemy 
unto thine enemies Ex 23,22; ^T\]^ 

"»1T^? ^^f^ ^^^V *"^ Saul was 
David's enemy IS 18/29. 

yk {sf ^yH , ti5:k ; pi. D^;i:k , c. 

\5^K) m. enemy. 
nyn (c- nj^X) «. enmity, hatred. 
na^Jt (sf. 'nyjO f. enemy. 


n^K («/•. ^TB, D5T») m. misery, 

misfortune, distress. 
,TN /*. i) vulture— ^) pr a. m. 

n\< adi?. where? ='•{< ; Tj^l^n n»K 

where are thy kindnesses? Ps.89, 
50; .TK urhh Kin mij he wan- 
dereth for bread [saying |, Where 
is it? Jb.15,23. 
3VX PT^ w. m. Job. 


^2T\S pr. n. wife of king Ahab IK. 

rrf^^ =nt. '{* , see ^« . 

TK adv. how? 

n3\S orfy i) how? TJJ r\^^\ nyN 

how doth (the city) sit solitary? 
Lam.1,1.— 2) where? nSlO '"l^^fJ 

• • • 

where thou feedest Cant. 1,7 
ii3'K 2K.6,13 (Kri ir'»K) cirfy. where? 



T T 


riD^^K (flrom ''B a. njj) adv, how? 

>0'^';i ^J^« njJ^B how can I en- 
dure to see? Est.8,0. 
^K ^' power, strength Ps.8d,5. 

i> ram.— ^J lintel, pilaster.— 3) 
mighty one, grandee Ez. 17,13. — 
4J strong tree, oak, terebinth. 
TK see ^:|1. 

h^H (pi. D\^;B) m. stag, hart Is.85,6. 

fvi^lW f. hind, gazelle nn^l? nSuj 
a fleet hind Gen. 49,2 1 (ace. Sept 
=i 7}J^^^ nj^JJ a 8ti etched oak; see 
"^^P): ir6r.l4,5; P8.29,9;Cant.2,7; fig. 

ofa charming woman: D^^HiJ nS.U$ 

• • • • 

a loving hind Pr.5,l9; of the rising 
sun: TB^ri n^.;K the hind of the 

dawn Pb.21,1 (name of a poem to 
the measure of which the psalm 
. was sung). 
1'?^KEc.4,10 = ^7«if; ace. Fuerstss 

lS ^« woe to him ! (see ^« IV.). 
jl^^X pr, n. 1) a city in Dan.— 2) a 

city in Zebulun. 
«')^K pr. n. 1) a Hittite.— ;8; a judg« 

of Zebulun.— 3) a place in Dan. 
n^^K P^' w. sea-port of Edom. 
ni^^K f' strength, power. 

D^9^n' see D?\K . 

nf^' ipl. D-^eS^K , D-'^SS a. ntoSjJ) 

m. cornice. 
D^^Kl'^* ^' a station of the Israelites 
in'the desert. 
^K Ch. m. tree. 

n9^K see rf^^B . 

r^^^K see n^;K. 

B'Hif- '"IB?B) o4/- terrible. 



nO^KConccnptJ^B; c. nB^B;pl.nte^B^ 

/I terror, fear. 

D^D^N m. pZ. i) terrors, idols Jer.50, 

• •• 

38.— 2) pr. n. the original inhab- 
itants of Moab Deut.2,11. 
TH I. adv. where ? ] \^ D whence ? 

rt* H- ^>^ l'**^- nothing, naught VH^ 
as naught; ^jS? to naught; ]]^t<Q 
of nothing.— 2) adv. (c. ]^j!jt) there 
is not, there is no, not, no, with- 
out 1^8 D3? there is no strength 
Is.37,3; ]:«D«] and if not Gen. 
30,1; * n|plp Y^ without number 
Gen.41,49; IJl )"» nothing Ex 5,1 1; 
Vs ]*»» nothing at all Num.1 1,6; 
"^b TH^ there is not U me, i. e. I 
have not Lev.11,10.— ]''8? there 
not being: niDriJ? ]"»{<? when there 
were yet no depths Pr.8,24. — 
IIS 3 almost, nearly: n?§^ JJiJ? 
W^e^K my steps had nearly 'slip- 
ped Ps.73,2.— ]^B^ a) to him to 
whom is not (for 1\« Ip^b) Is. 
40,29. h) until there is not: }^g^ 
^61Q until there was no cure 
2Chr.21,18.— ]^HB n) forasmuch 
as not: ?]to^ ]^KP forasmuch as 
there is none like thee Jer.10,6. 
b) because there is not, for want 
of D^pD ]^8B for want of room 
Jer.19,11.— 6/. ^3,J\rj I am not, 
I am no more, ^J\N, ?1J;k thou 
art not, U,r8, DSfK, etc.; ^f^S 
]p^J I do not give*Ex.5J0; Tj^Bg 
nfitn seest thou not? Jer.7,17;ipj;jJ 
P8.73,5 for D^\W they are not. 

]'«« adv. (=]"«) not rlS tfj ]^« is not 
here? IS.29,9. 

Hfi^M (c. ns^K) /: measure of grain. 
rffi^K oiw. where} 

KlB*l<a<J». now, then, consequently. 
B^N ipl. D'WK, c. ■'5!>;||( from B»ijK; 

• • • • • 

rarely D^<?^{«) m. i; man, male 
n|^K] C^'»K man and woman Ex. 
35,295 ^?fKlB^^K male and his 
female (of animals) Gen.7,2; yij 
DT48 male child IS.1,11; used in 
apposition with other nouns to 
indicate the gender; D^^tf ^^^ a 
eunuch Jer.38,7; K^p^ B^''tt a proph- 
et Jud.6,8.— 2) husband '•^^''K 
np my husband is dead 2K.4,1; 
TjCg^B^;? ?]8^^l} h^) and for thy hus- 
band shall be thy desire Qen.3, 
16.-- 3) man, human being tr''KpS 
'*^^D9 ^?1 against man or beast,7; D^yjS Dyi D'^IJSk or with 
God and with men Gen.32,29.— 
4) member of a race, inhabitant 
of a place *?fitnb; C^^M a man of 
Israel, i. e. an Israelite Num.25,8 
(in IS.17,19 used collectively for 
Israelites); l^^^ '•{^jlK men of Gile- 
ad, Gileadites Jud.i2,5.— 5) used 
in construction with other nouns 
to denote the qualifications of men; 
11? 2^^^ man of wiclcedness, i. e. 
wicked man Pr.6,I2;D^P'5 C^^^« man 
of blood, i. e. bloodthirsty man 
Ps.5,7; npn^lj B^^K man of war, 
i. e. warlilte person, warrior Ex. 
15,3; n^'lgn C^^« man of the soil, 
i. e. husbandman Gen.9,20 — 6) 
any man, any one, anybody, some 


one, somebody Vf^^ jn^. Dft if a 
man (some one, somebody) were 
to give Cant.8,7; negatively: no 
man, no one, nobody tr^^t pg there 
is no man, i. e. nobody Gen.3I, 
50.— 7) every one Ij^P ^^^ every 
one of us Gen.23,6; lain B^^K every 
one his sword 34,25; B^^K ID^^C^n 
l^BD and they cast down every 
man his stafrEx.7,12; in this sense 
^^^ is sometimes repeated: 'V^^ 
^?^-9P B^''^ every one from his 
own woric Ex.36,4; B^^«1 C^^^J ]iV1J 
according to the pleasure of every 
manKst.1,8.— 8) with Hg, V^, 
n"'py ; one another VI1(!t B^"'4t ngll 
the evil of one against the other 

Zch.7,10; nvnj Cf'^i^l Cf^^<5 b^-k 

• • • 

man against man and one against 
the other Is.3,5; "DB B^^^t i:1n kS 
^D^9i! ye shall not overreach one 
another Lev.25,17; also of objects: 
'HJfn i^^Dipb ^"10? t^'^W each piece 
one opposite the other Gen. 15,10.— 
9) used impersonally; *15« ,i3 
B^^wn thus a man (one, people, 
they) used to say IS.9,9. 
r\V^2r^'^Hpr. n. a son of Saul 2S.2,8. 

V I • ' 

llnZ^^t^ pr, n. m. 

]1B^^« (dim. of B^''fcf) m. i; pupil (of 

the eye).— 2) middle, darkness 
n^p l^B^'^NJ in the middle of the 
night Pr.7,9. 

t'^n-E'*^« pr. n. w. 

^B^^JjJ pr. n. m lChr.2,13 =^tfS 
]1n^M w. entrance. 




^n^K Ch. (=Heb, B^l) is, thore is ^0'« 
'^i there is a man Dan.5,11; K7 
^D"'V there is not 2,10.- «/". ?i;j^lj 
thou art, N^f5''N we are, 1^3^0^^^ 

ye are, etc.; ^H^ ^5"*^- ^^^ ^^*^^ 
able, canst thou? Dan.2,26;«45"'{< «^ 
T'Ji? ^® ^'^^ ° ^ serving 3,18; 
TTTO 1 '^^0''« ye are ready 3,15.— 
7 ^i3'»N some one has: 1\^ ^0^¥ thou 
hast Ezr.4,16. 

^n^K 1>^- w. see ^QfcJ . 
^«7VX pr, n.m. 

•• • • 

Qn^X J'^'. ♦»• w. =DCR , which see. 
^Dfl^K !>'•• w. a son of Aaron. 

T T 

]n\y (»/•. ^:iC^^« ; pi. ^'iQ'Vi) n. a. adj, 

I) firmness, strength ]p^H9 ^^Bl 
^^i^and his bow abode in strength 
Qen.49,24.— 2) poet, rrck D^'^Q'^Bn 
r^t? ^7.P^0 ye rockes, foundations 
of the earth Mic.6,2 — 5) of waters: 
height, overflowing PJD ^ip^l 
^^9^87 an<i the sea returned to its 
height (or overflowing) Ex,14,27; 
D'»jg^Bn nT the month of the over- 
flowing of rivers (=n'f ^) IK.8,2; 
adjectively: ever flowing )<p^{} Snj 
an ever flowing bro(tk Am.4,35; 
IQ^S rf*inJ ever flowing rive.'s Ps. 
74,15.— 4) violent, mighty 2'^']) 
15''B ^'^^K and the strife of his 
bones is violent Jb.33,19; ]f}'^» ^1i 
a mighty people Jer.5,15 (others: 
ancient people). — 5) pr, n. m.; see 

TTN adv. 1) surely ^ ^^^ t]« surely 
he hath been torn in pieces Gen. 

44,28.— 2) only, but US&i ^S only 
this one time Fx.lO,17j N\n ^5« flj 
^SK rD J^S ^K she is the daughter 
of my father, but not the daughter 
of my mother Gen. 20, 12, 

TStlt pr. n. if a city in Babylonia 

iTpN »from 515) m. failing brook, 
deceptive spring vh D^.Q 3t?K ^Dp 
1^pj<j as a deceptive spring, as 
waters that are not reliable Jer. 

i''T3N pr- n. i) a city in Asher.— 
2) a city in Judah« 

1T3N adj, i) hold Jb.41,2.— 2) cruel, 
merciless.— 5) destructive B^K*lJ 
1|^M D^n^ and the destructive 
venom of asps Deut.32,33. 

HT^N adj. cruel, merciless* 
•t: - 

nVIT^X r cruelty. 
• • • ^ 

n^OX f eating, food. 
B^^3M iw. n. king of Gath in Phi- 
listia IS.21,11. 

t^3K IM SJ^^^ -"^ S;j«^ |rf. ^SjKs 

1) t«» eat Dp!? S3« «S he had not 
eaten any bread IS.28,20; with 3 
or ]P: to eat of TJ^ipI?! Sjj^ «S 
I will not eat of thy bread Jud. 
13,16; '^JK: l|n yv ngD of the 
fruit of the trees of the garden 
we may eat Gen.3,2; with 2 some- 
times: to enjoy nyB3 'rDg vh he 
hath never enjoyed any happi- 
ness Jb.21,25;pt. 72^K he that eats, 
eater: SjKB ^Tr "^S^^JP o"^ ^f the 

- T 

28 ^K 

eater came forth food Jud.14,14; 

D'^naei^ D'/?^^»*D those that used 

• • • T 

to eat dainty food Lani.4,5; tnf. sf. 
UPP TlbSK D^^S on the day that 
thou eatest thereof Gen 2,17.— 
2) fig. to devour, to consume ^^K/. 
D^!J2 to devour the poor Pr.30, 4; 

^ti nj??? ''^T'^3 ^*8 young men 
the fire devoured P8.78,63; YIS 
n"'39'i'» nSjiW a land that con- 
sumeth its inhabitants Num. 13,32; 
yy^ ^i^^Vi the heat consumed me 
Gen.31,40;' ''Wt:98 ^0^3 nwp the 
zeal for thy hi.use bath devoured 
me Ps.69,10.— 3) to swallow, to 
seize greedily dS?K} TJ'^'JJl WyW 
when thy words were found I 
greedily seized them Jer. 15,16.— 
4) to swallow up, to take away 
«pace niOP. D^"3^Q8 ^*^?^^ ^? for the 
corner-pillars took away part of the 
space from them Ez.42,5 (=l75l<"»). 

X^h. hjtfi {fvt SjK.:) to be eaten, 
consumed, devoured 12^^!^ ^^v:?-? 
and stacks of corn be consumed 
Ex.22,5; Ti^2 •'Vn h^^X and halt 
of its flesh is consumed Num.12, 
12; h;i\^\ T]:!?5iK Sj all they that 
devour thee shall be devoured 

Pi. *r3« to consume B^JJ ^rh'i^T} 
ngJ'Kv a fire not urged by blow- 
ing will consume him Jb.20,26 

« • 
P^i. 95K to be devoured, con- 

sumed ^^SW ^X ye shall be de- 
I.I . • 

voured by the sword Is. 1,20; pt 
^^^ ^5J''8 njpDl but the thorn- 
&ush was not consumed Ex.3,2. 

m^ ^''Tm (A«^- ^'?Ki) 1) to 

• • • • » 

make eat, to give to oat VTT^!} 
Dp^ give him bread to eat Pr. 
25,21.— 2) to cause to enjoy 

?I^?e ipyi n^DJ TP/3K01 and J 
will cause thee to enjoy the in- 
heritance of Jacob thy father Is. 
58,14.— h^yrh Ez.2l,33 for S^^gO^ 
to cause to devour or destroy. 
h^ Ch. (/W. S;k;.) to eat; see 

also {^51?. 
h^ {8f, 19ijK)m. 1) eating.— ;»;food. 

n93K f. eadng, food; with ^ it is 

T * T * 

aleo a verb: rn?^!/ for food, for 

• • • • 

eating, to eat Jer.12,0. 
V^ €dv, 1) surely, certainly — 

2) but, however. 

^M prop, to burden, hence : to 

urge n^§ V^? «13« his mouth 

urgeth it on Pr. 16,20. 
^^K («A ''9?^) m. burden Jb.33,7. 

"I^JX (= n^5) to dig, whence the 

next word. 
^3X( j>2. D^l^t^)^- ploughman Is.61,5. 

fp2^ pr.n, acity in Asher Jo8.12,20. 
in 1) w. nothing, nought ^«S D{?a 

■• • • • 

"^OfP Q*!!^ make as nought my 
word Jb 24,25 — 2) adv. not; yet 
not trgn-*:K do not Gen.22,12; 
np18 hn l win not see 21,16; "Sk 
\'70 WJ let there not be 13,8; h^ 
V? yet not my brother! 2S.13,12.— 

3) no riJ!J"^W no death, immortal- 
ity Pr.i2,28; Dip^g (=D^p-bN) no 
withstanding, no resistance 30,31 

ha I. («/•. '*:» i P2. D^!?») »». i) hero. 




mighty being D^^^ h^ the mighty 
one of the nations Ez.31,11; ^^,^ 
D'>'^i2 j the mightiest of the mighty 
32,21.— 2) power n; hn^ etl it is 
in the power of my hand (i. e, I 
am able) Gen.31,29.— 3) God b{J 
D^Sk God of gods Dan. 11,36; *?»< 
^IB^ God, the Almighty Gen.48,3; 
D"'?B ''W the sons of God (i. e. 
angels) Ps.29,1.— 4^ adjectively: 
mighty, lofty Sg "^yp lofty moun- 
tains Ps.36,7; 9S \ri8 tall cedars 
^K II. Cic/: Sjjn)jpron.i>I. =n.^8 these. 

^» (j>oet \'?^; sf ^bB, i^^B, Dpl'jK. 

•• • • • • • 

poet, tol'.^jjj) prep 1) to, unto np«»J 
^■^^y'^H D??5fi^ and Abraham said 
to 'his servant Gen.24,1; njfj^TiP 
njfga *7g from end to end Ex.26, 
28; DlDB^n-SK Vi^ reacheth unto 
heaven Jer.51,9; ^!?8 K^-DpfJ take 
them unto me Gen.48,9.— 2) for 
n^''39 S^NC^"S(< weep for Saul 2S. 

1,24 ^n|?^epn njn irin % for this 

lad did I pray IS.1,27.— 3) near, 
at "'p^:n8-Sg •'O^K n^i? bury me 
near my fathers Gen 49,29, D^5?^1^ 
jp^8^n-*?g sitting at the table IK. 
13,20— 4) with, together with 
h^'^^\ ^J3'9« np'^Sc^n made peace 
with the children of Israel Jos. 

11,19; n[5;:-K9 n(jin8-*?x n5^«] and 

a woman together with her sister 
shalt thou not take Lev. 18,18.— 
5) in, into i3^-Sg y^'Si^M and he 
was grieved in his heart Gen 6,6; 
?I'5y?^'^^ into thy gates Deut. 
nX- ^) among D-'Sjn-Stt K^HJ 

he hath hid himself among the 
vessels IS.10,22, — 7) against 
^J'T'^PP.&CJiVTland Cain arose 
against Abel Gen.4,8.— Sk is often 
connected with other prepositions, 
a8:]''a-'?gbetween Ez.31,10;niVI"*?.9 
under IS.21,5; njVSg over against 
Num.8,2.— With^g have also been 
formed some adverbs, as: D^n'^^S 
in vain Ez.6,10; 1^3^"^^ for certain 

E^^aa^N (from t'^^l with Ar. def. 

aH» 9k) m. ice, crystal. 
D^D«9« see D^Jip^K . 
lrwV( pr n. m. Num. 11,26. 

▼ : V 

ny^n^N pr. n. m. 

T T : V 

n?K I* to swear, to confirm by oath 

tt^Ml rt^^J to swear and lie Ho8.4,2; 

r)"'5w pKJ and thou sworest Jud. 17,2. 

Hiph. h^^n ifut. ap. h^^i from 

nb^'' ; inf. ni^BD , sf, iri^gn*?) to 

cause to swear, to confirm, to 
swear IS.14,24; lK8,3i. 
n^X II. (= 95n , 95;) to lament; 

T T 

*only imp. f. ^^H Jo. 1,8. 
nhH isr '0^§ 5 P^' ^^'^g) f' oath, 

.curse Gen.26,28; Nnm.5,27. 
rhn f' oak Jo8.24,26. 

n^K 1) /*. oak.— 2; pr. n. m. 
n?X ((fe/". nf fin) vicwi. pron. pi. these. 

n^K see Ul^K . 

PI^M Ch. (de^. KHSm) m. God. 

DNi'JK see hISk . 

• ••• I * i 

^^N Ch, interj. behold! 

^H 25 

^ •• • •* 

V?X conj if. 

nfS»y (vlth prrf hi d^R^.. with 

iwc/". S and sf. W«S) m. God, a 
god rr\^ nrti« n^^jlj from my 
body 1 shall behold God Jb.19,26, 
*19ia^^S strange god Dan.ll,39i 
V1*?k5 ^riD \t this is his power unto 
his god Hab.1,11.— 

• • • • I • • 

etc.) 1) God, the only God 

iB^a-SjS ninnn NtlSg the God 

of the spirits of all flesh Num. 
16,22j HTi D'^B^ilfJ D\'l'?N he is a 
holy God Jo8.24,'l9. — 2) gods, 
godlike beings, angels ^^"1?^ ^JR 
Dn» D'^rlSK 1 hftve said, Ye are 
gods Ps.82;6; D^S^y '^O^H^ O'^ljhSi 
f^^J'lP I have seen godlike be- 
ings ascending from the earth IS. 
28,13.— 3) gods, divinity M^K"*:'? 
D^^^^S D^ljyn all the gods of'the 
nations areidolsPs 96,5p«lD '•rtSK 

• • • 

the gods (divinity) of Moab IK. 
11,33; l^^iTV 'dS* rrin^U Ashto- 

I • • • # 

reth the divinity of the Sidonians 
1K.11,S3.— 4; judges nr?^T*iP8 

• • • 

Q^'il'^.8 whom the judges will con- 
demn Ex.22,8.— 5^ adjectively: 
high, lofty, great ]fy'^n D^i"?r<p^ 
a lofty mountain is the mountain 
of Bashan Ps.68,17; D\':JSk nfin 
great terror Gen.35,5. 

b'^bt^ m. 1) the sixth month of the 


Hebrew Year (corresponding to 
September) Neh.6,15.— -2) Ktib 

Jer.U,I4 for h^b&* 

• • 

1) oak, terebinth.— 2) pr. w. w.; 
patr, "J^TS . 

p'^X (H^'^K) w -(^ oak, terebinth.— 

2) pr n, m. 

ff)^^N («/" '•?^*?« ; pi' D'S^^B , c. •'p.^^K) 
m. 1) tame beast, lamb, ox, cow 
(see*]^jg).—i[^ friend, companion. — 

3) head of a family or tribe* 

ty vN P^' w a station of the Israel- 


ites in the desert Num.33,ld. 

nl^N see niS\« . 

liT^N pr n. m, 

TT : V 

n^K Niph. n{?K3 to be corrupt, to 
get spoiled. 

iTT : V 

'9k Bee ^K . 

• • ••• • 

2Vfy» pr. n. m. 

T • v: 

• • • • * * 

T IT • v: 

IT^a pr. n. w. 
T • v: 

VT'JX pr. n. m. 
^ tt: V 

n^^X /". tail (of sheep). 
t: - 

n^^X !>>•. *^. of the prophet Elijah 

T* •• 

and of other persons. 

iT- • ^ 

XVl^^X pr. n. m. Jfj ancestor of the 


prophet Samuel. — 2) a friend of 

^mn^^K pr n. m, 
^ •• • • •> 

^r»?^X pr. n. w. 

! » •• 

« V 

T* M • • • 
• • * 

K3n^/« pr. n. m. 

T* ^ • • • 
• • • 



» V » • v: 

'7'ft< (pi. Q''?'b.K) rn. 1) false god, 
Idol b''^Sn niD?95 idolatrous 
kingdoms" Is.l0,l6;* D^t??K D"'^''!:S 
dumb Idols Hal).2,18.— 2) useless- 

ness, worth" essness ^^^W ^{{5*1 

• • • 

useless physicians J1).I3,4. 

• I ■ ■ • 

r?S Ch. dem pron. pL these 
I •• • 

^D^^N pr. n. w. 

»TT : V 

^TTi^ pr. n. w. 

T • v: 

TS^'PX pr n. 1) a son of Esau. — 

- • v: 

2) a friend of Joo. 

^fi^V^ pr. n. m. 
T • v: 

^n^S^9t< pr. n. m. 

• • • 

•-•IV • V 

1«*^X p-. n. m. 
• v: 

IBX'^N l>r. n. m. 

IT T • v: 
It • v: 

D^P^^X pr, n. of a king cf Judah 
I • T : V 

(=D^j!J^i.T) and of other persons. 
j;3B*"'^« pr. n. /• 
n&*^^N i>^- w. son of Javan. 

T • v; 

^ I • ••• 

- T T 

PS'^^X pr. n. of the prophet Elisha, 

T • v: 

disciple of Elijah. 

ttSE^^^X pr. n. m. 
«n^9«lee t<nH>h^^. 

TT^K Ch. (fern. |>ron. pi. these Kp;}| 
^§8< these men Dan 3,12. 

77X (= 72J) to lament, whence tha 
next word 

^99K mfer;. woe! Mic.7,1. 

a^M J\ripfc. ni'KJ (/W. dS^^J to be 
tonguo-Ucd, to be dumb ^^d!?KJ 
"'9"nQBK k7 I was dumb, I opened 
not my mouth Ps.29,T0; H^aSpr 
^^S ^09?^ let the lying lips be 
made dumb 31,19. 

Pi pi, D.^^I? to bind D'^tJ^.D 
D^9*r8 binding sh aves Gen 37,7. 

D'PX w. This word is of doubtful 

signification; the best Hebro^v 
lexicographers take it to mean: 
dumbness, silence plV D..N DJDIt^n 
1^*13 W do ye really speak the 
silence of justice? Ps.58,2; dS) n> 
D\,ni the d ve of silence in re- 
motcness 56J (this is supposed 
to be an allusion to Israel who 
is symb liscd by a dove). 

tb\^ (pi. D^P*?^) (^j- dumb, mute, 

*• • . 

D'PS see D^S . 
a^K see dS'K . 
D*307i< "*• V^- ""ed sandal-wood. 

• • • ■« 

T ^ -: '^ *. • 

/■. bundle, sheaf. 

TnlD^N pr. n. m. 


Tf^D J^X pr. n. of a city in Asher. 

)viv — 

]D^X cidj. widowed, forsaken. 
]b;X w. i; widowhood.— ^; =rD']^ 





ace (pi. rfixh^) b"*}} nm 

bD7t(II and jackals shall howl 
.heir [desolat ] palaces 18.13,22. 
)M (jpL m^)^) f. widow. 

9K /^.widowhood nr)^:p*:« ^"ii:? 

• ^ " • • • 

garments of her wid whood 
1.38,14; nvn n^jp^S in widow- 
id during their entire life 2S. 

^ m. a certain one, some one, 

not named; always preceded 

^\h^ , as: ^ichM ^ihlf DtotJ in 
• • • • • 

h and such place 2K.6,8. 

:h. see ]% . 

•J^ pr. n. m. 


K pr. n. m. 

( pr. n. of an Asayro-Babylo- 
n country. 
< pr. n. m. 

X pr. n. m, 
X pr. n. m. 
JX , n^r^N P^. n. of a city in 

. • T » • 


: V 

{M. ^l^WJ) to learn ^hsr}']Q 

'V]i< lest thou learn his ways 

'i. ^ >!« (M ^^.^\ ; i>f. n^«?) to 
ch; np?n T]p^«8 I will teach 
B wisdom Jb.33,33;niDn39 ^jg^D 

( who teacheth us more than 
beasts of the earth Jb.3541 

Hiph pt. Pl^^KD to bring forth 
thousands rfB\^gQ U.jlt^V our sheep 
bringing forth thousands Ps.144,13 

V'»e^8, c. '•gbS) w. 1) family, trioe 

D5'JP?b!?'» taytJje^S acconling to 

• • • • • • 

your tribes and families IS. 10,19; 

nWP? ^33 ••pS« my family is the 

• • • 

weakest in Menasseh Jud.6,15.— 
2) a thousand; du. two thousands; 
pi th )U8ands D^Drfi ^j^W a thou- 
sand times Deut.l,ll', ^rjVna Dion? 

L ... 

^7^ the cattle upon a thousand 
hills Ps 50,10; B*^^ Dje^Tfit two 
thousand men Jud.20,45, Hg^BP 
D^PtB five thousand 20,45; "^ft^ 
njJT thousands of myriads Gen. 
24,60.— 3) only |)L cattle, cows, 
oxen Cp^Kin^V sheep and oxen 
Ps.8,8; Tg^S n:?? the increase of 
thy cattle Deut.7,13. 

C]^K Ch. (def. Kp^N) m. thousand. 
tD^S^K see tD!:s;h8. 

• • I •_• • v • I • • • 

• I ■ • • 

'prS^N pr. n. m. 

I • " 

r^K -P«* r^.t^ to press, to urgp, tu 

]3^'^« i'^- »*• »»• =19?'.^?: Num.3,30. 
D^p^N (from *?K and Dip) m. no 

rising isy Dp ^ 8 ^^B a king against 
whDm there is no rising (i. e. an 
irresistible king) Pr.30,31, 

n3p*?N pr. n. m. 

^yp^N gent, of the prophet Nahum 
• I : V 

after his birth-place typlTfJ. 

• • • 

TPln'PN pr. n. a town in Simeon 

npn'?N 28 

nOn^N l>^- w. Levltical city in Dan. 
jpn^N V* w. a town in Judah. 

QK (sf- ^WJ 1>^. nitSK) /•. i; mother, 

anceBtrees.— 2) princess, leader 

^{jny;5 DK a mother (i. e. a lead- 

• • • 

er or princess) in Israel Jud.5,7. — 
3) chief city, mother-city DfJ] l^? 
a city and a mother (i. e. a mother- 
city) 28.20,19.— 4) head, com- 
mencement ?]"Tjn Dg the head of 
the road (cross-road or parting- 
way) Ez.26,26. 

QM c<mj' if) when DI^Mt D^t whether.. 


or, DK"18 until; J<S-DN unless; 
t3¥ or D«n is not ? D« "•Jl}?? ex- 
cept; DK ^J only. 

nD« («/• "PIJK ; i>^. ninpK, c. ninp«) 

Z". maid-servant, hand-maid. 
riDN (c. ne« ; du. D;pD» ; p2. niBN) /*. 

i; cubit, ell, elbow, arm B^^IJ ng)K5 
after the measure of a man's arm 
Deut.3,ll;^J?V? riSSthe full mea- 
sure (»f thy selfish roobery Jer. 
51,13; T\^ry\ nieg WUJ four cubits 
its bieadth 3,11; i31g '•VDJ D^nSM 
two cubits and a half its length 
Ex.25,10.— 2) post, foundation 
D^ppD rfSKthe posts of the thresh- 
olds l8.6,4.— .9)mother-city,metrop- 
olis 7\]^^ Jfip the bridle (i. e. 
the rule) of the metropolis 2S. 
8,1. (ace. some nSSD ^4?B is the 
proper name of a city). 

nS« Ch. (pZ. l^et?) f, cubit. 

T - 

HDN ipl' i^^JS^ » D"*?^) f' tribe, race, 

HON Ch. (i>l. pw, ie/. KISK) f. 

tribe, race, people.- 
nlnON V^' of ngK , which see. 

]1DX w». i; builder, architect.— 2) 

crowd, multitude (=)^Dn Jer.52, 
15).— 3) pr. n. of an Egyptian 
deity at Thebes, which city is 
therefore called ]iDg W Neh.3,8.— 
4) a person mentioned in Neh.7, 
59 ='»Dg Ezr. 2,57. 

]1DK, IPS w. fidelity, faith -«^ D'*:^ 

Df ]PS children in whom there 
is no 'faith Deut.32,20. - pi. D'»:^D^. 
(c. '•P.ID^) faith; adjectively: faith-' 
ful D'':ib« ^^tj a man of faith Pr. 
20,6; Ss'jr. "'J^OJI faithful ones in 
Israel 28.20,19. ' 
n3^N (c. Dl^tDJJ; 8f, ^nilDjJj pi. 

nii^DK) ^. i; truth, faith n^^DW ^« 
God of truth Deut.32,4; Dri n;[QM^ 
D^l^ll^ they acted in faith (hon- 
estly) 2Ka2,16; nii^DJJ B'^K man of 
faith Pr.28,20; as a^, f^i^ H^^DK 
¥ery faithfully 18.25,1.— j8j trust", 
office lChr.9,22. — 3) steadiness, 
stability ?|';pv ni^t^^ the stability 
of thy times I8.33,6V as adj. %njl 
n^^DK in; and his hands were 
steady Ex. 17, 12. 
pdM fr. n. father of the prophet 

^CN pr. n. see ]^D(< ^. 

a^DN see D'^p^B . 

• .. 

]iyp« pr. n. diminutive of JiitJB X, 

which see. 
pSN «<<;. Arm, strong. 

• T 



yoa w- V top of a tree. — 2) sum- 
mit of a mountain. 

teX in Kal only pt p. ni^PR'ng 
T]ri37 how hath thine heart lan- 
guished Ez. 16,30. 

P^ ^- pw (p*. ^:pw for hhctfi^) 

to fade, to wither, to languish 
\H SSpfc< 1 am withered Ps.0,3; 
^nv*! iiq^ the oil is withered 
Jo.i,10; Yh^ nSStJ^ the land lan- 
guisheth ls.33,9. 

^^DK adj' only i^I. D'^Sbes weak, 

DON jw. ♦». a city In Judah. 

jD>{ to be firm, to support, to rear 

up; pt. ]pi< he who rears up, a 
fosterer; f, r)jp.j< she who rears 
up, a foster-mother, a nurse; pt 
j9. mn reared up V^^n ^hv D''J1DSn 
they that were reared up on scar- 
let Lam.4,5. 

Niph. 1BJ5J (fut. ]B«V 1) to be 

firm ^JP^JO ^h ^5 for ye are not 

firm l8.7,9; pt. JDK^, pi D^i^Jf j firm, 

secure, faithful ' ]Qgt^. D^p^? in a 

firm place ls.22,25; ' D^'iDK;/ VD'-p 

his waters shall be secure 33,16; 

nn ]BSJ one faithful in spirit 

Pr.ll,r3.- 2) to be fostered TpPgn 

will be fostered Is.60,4.— 3) to be 

true D3^15T ^j^^\ your words 
• • • • 

shall prove true Gen.42,20, 

SipK I^PKjJ (fut. I^psi, ap. 
IPK:) V to trust, to believe. — 
2)\o stand still Jb.30,24. -* 
^^PBfl Is. 30, 21 for 1J''p^Q , see 

]0K Ch. i4|>fc. ]p^n to trust, to be- 
lieve r\rhi<^ ]lj\n he believed is 
his God Dan.6,24; pt.p, je^ntj true, 

]0N w. faithfulness ]9i< nf\n^ very 

]C« fl w. truth |PK ^ISn God of 

truth Is.65,16. — 2) adv. truly, 
ICX w* artificer, artist. 

naON i) /•. bringing up Hjp^j in 

bringing up, under guardianship 
Est.2,20.— 2) adv. (=D:pg) truly, 
indeed '•OWpP "S^W J^JPg truly 1 
have sinned Jos.7,20. 

riJDN f 1) covenant.— 2) pr n. of 
TT -: 

a ridge of the Antilibanus.— 3) 

pr. n. of a river (Ktib njjg) 2K. 

riJaX f' 0T,\^ pi rf:pN pillars, c 1- 

umns 2K.18,16. 
]l3pX p^' w. D the eldest son of 

David 2S.13,1.— 2) another person 

IChr 4,20. 
D3DX , D^PW adv. truly, verily. 

n^Gi< f foster-mother, nurse (see 

IP?) • 

{^aX »/w*. rosy -0 be strong, cou- 
rageous {^Dgl "in be strong and 
courageous i)eut31,7; ''^Igp IVpiJ 
they were stronger than I Ps.18,18. 
Pi. {^8« {f%d. {^B«j) to strengthen, 
t(. fasten, to harden ^iD? DSygNK 
1 will strengthen you with my 
mouth Jb.6,5; *?J?ep D^ppf iVtpg? 
when he fastened the skies above 

fb« 30 

Pr.8,28; ?I5?^"ri^* Y^^O ^^ thou 
shalt not harden thy heart Deiit. 

H^h. fid. {^t)S! U) show courage 
713? r582 let thy heart show cou- 
rage l's.27,U, 

Hithp. f'BKO'? to show oneself 
strong, to strengthen oneself, to 
make speed, to persist f^gWiin 
iTi^gS he made speed to get up 
IK.12,18; n^SS H^n nVet^OP she 
was persisting to go R 1,18; ^VJJKTO 
D?WT 'S and they strengthened 

• • • 

themselves against Rehoboam 

l^bX adj only pi D'^VPK deep-red 

(of a horse). 

rCi^ 1^' strength, boldness. 

nXDX f. strength -JB^- '•^ n^DS 

n;n''3 n^^^^] the inhabitants of 
Jerusalem are a strength (i. e. a 
strong support) to me through the 
Lord Zch 12,5. 

^^XD^< P^' w. of a king of Judah 

and of other persons. 
112H (M' 1 8. 1DK , 2 8. lOt^n , 3 8, 

1DK'' ; 2 pi. npt^n , also noh 2S. 

19,14; with 1 conversive ipK'J ; 
verb. n. liDK , sf "•^D^« , wiih'pre/'. 
^083 , ^bNJ ; m/-. with h Soxh) 



^) ''5b "^BW he said to me Gen.31, 
29; 51Ppl *131 speak and say Ez. 
29,3.— ibKj^ signifies: saying, as 
follows, thus lb«S nrvh^ 131^1 

• • • 

and he spoke to them saying (i. e 
as follows) Jo8.9,22; invh I^KH] 

and she said thus 28.20,18; once 
(Jer 3,1) *1DK5 signifies: so to say, 
for example.— 2) to think *19^*J 
n^anS and he thought to slay 2S. 
21,16!— 3) to command «^3"J^ nD« 
he commanded to brin.-; Est.1,17.— 

4) to appoint iS 1D^ Dn^J he ap- 
pointed him victuals 1K.1I,18.— 

5) to call, to bear the name of 
nijipp Tjnp'' they call thee (or: 
they bear thy name) for an evil 
purpose Ps. 139,20. 

Niph. IDJ^.^ {fut, nB«:) to be saio. 
to be told, to be called iptJJ. \?r^'^ 
therefore it is said Gen.10.9; 1B«n 
inn;. ^!?Ig^ and it was told to the 
king of Jericho Jos.2,2; IDK;. irinj5 
ib he shall be called holy Is.4,3. 

Hiph. Tpsn to make say to, to 

• • • 

promise OlSKH njn^.TlW thou hast 
made say to God (1. e. thou hast 
promised God) Deut.26,17; nJTT'J 
^T9.S5 and God hath promised 
thee 26,18. 

Hithp. "IBWrin to boast, to brag 
])x if^ye Ss rmn\ all the workers 
of wickedness are boasting Ps.94.4. 

1DK Ch. {mf. "I0H» , TfiB) D to 
say. — 2) to command. 

TON (»/■• '^W\vl- B'T!?8, c. 'ip«) 

Y !•• • • • • 

m. i^ saying, utterance, word ^^DIHt 
nPaJj words of truth Pr.22,21; n.lpK 
*1^^ beautiful words Gen. 40, 2] 
(ftoc. Sept. = n^^ ^yiJK beautiful 
boughs; see H^HJ). — 2) appoint- 
ment 1*lOt< ^/CU the heritage of 
his appointment (1. e. appolDted 
unto him) Jb.20,20. 
1S« Ch. (pZ. m?^) wi. lamb Bzr.6,0, 


T0{«< m. word, utterance, declaration. 

V I 

c. ri*lD^) f. word, utterance. 

^"nbX 5«w^. Amorite (name of a 
Canaanite tribe). 

• • • 
moN a. Vines K. n. «. 

• • • 

^fi^DK pr- w. a king of Shinear. 
&*DN »». ^>^ last night, preceding 

V |V 

day, yesterday t^pN ''WS^* I lay 
last night Gen. 19,34.— 2) night, 
darkness nglTD^ riNiC^ l?p« dark- 
ness, ruin and desolation Jb.30,3. 

rOt^ (sf, intJR) f. firmness, truth, 
faithfulness, integrity. 

nnnOK (pi- c ninnpjj) /". bag, sack. 

-I- : - 

^nOK pr* ^- father cf prophet Jonah* 

81 mn3K 

t-:t -j 

^3ri08 Cb. adj. f. strong, powerful; 

Others: dreadful D: n. 7, 7. 

|X a^». whither? ]g-15? until when? 

how long? ]KD whence?— With n 
Zoc. np« whither T]S{} n:g whither 
shall 'l go? Ps. 139,7; njW^H^g 
hither and thither IK.2,42. 

]ii pr- »*. see ]1fc< 4. 

K3X , njK Ch. i)ron. I njR "«45 from 

myself Ezr.7,2L 

KaX ^fe»*i- I pray! 


n23N Ch., see iiK . 

•• • • 

nJX fl^'i'-t see 18- 

T»T ^ 

niK i- to sigh, to lament, to mourn. 


nJM n. Pi. njftjt to cause to come, 
to cause to meet ItS nj« D^rl*?Kn 

• • • • • • 

God let it come into his hand Ex. 

Pu, n|tj to be brought en, to 
befall, to 'happen 7[^^ff n}HO «^ 
n^*^ no evil shall befall thee Ps. 

Hithp. n|Wnri to seek occasion 
(for a quarrel) ^^ KIT njNniJ he 
seeketh occasion fur a quarrel 
with me 2K.5,7. 

yX see UniK . 

*• • • 

PJN Ch. (f. \'<m pron. they. 
r'UK m. 1) man, mankind E*1JK nngi 

• •• • • ■ • 

■ • 

"^^IV? ^^ ^^ chou, a man mine equal 
Ps.55,I4; U^IJp ••? t?iiJ5-n^ what 
is man, that thou remcmberest 
him? 8,5. — 2) coU. men, c mmon 
people ntpn C^^i?. DV:i ^yi:. let na- 
lions know Ihut they are but men 
Ps.9,21; tri:a ex? with the style 

• • • • • 

of the common people (i. e. in 
common writing) Is.8,1.— D^^^jKi 
the pi. cf t?^t^, was formed of 

tJ^UN P^' »*• ^ grandson of Adam. 

njX only Mph. nm to sigh, to 



sigh, lament. 

KjnjX , n:n:8 Ch. pron. we. 

T. ^ ". . . . 

ynjX pron. we; abbreviated 1JI1JI 

once 1:M Ktib Jer.42,6. 

nin3X|>*'- w. of a town in Issachai 
T-; T -: 


^m Pi'on. com. ]\ sometimes used 

• •• 

for emphasis after nouns and 
verbs with the pronominal suf- 
fix •»:; ^}» '^O'JB^ I said, even 1 Ex. 
2,1; V¥"R^ ''Sb "^y heart, even 
mine P8.33,15, ^Jg-QJ '^^2 bless 
me, even me also Qen.27,34; DVrj 
^J« VPPX did ye fast for me, even 
for me ? Zch.7,5, 
^iH w. coZi. ships, fleet. 

n^i« (pi. n^^jK) r ship. 

n^3N /"• lamentation. 


T • -: 

?J3K w- plummet, plumb-line nO^n 

Tlift a wall made by a plumb-line 
^33 X pron. com, I. 

• T 

]3i< only Hithp. JJ.i<On to c.mplain, 

to murmur. 
D3X {pt. DJi<) to urge, to compel. 


DJX Ch. i; to compel.— 2) to trouble 

!]^ DJK «S ^V'^?- *"^ "° secret 

troubleth thee Dan.4,6. 
njX (A**. 'IJKV to breathe heavily, 

to be angry.— Hithp, ^JWOn to 

be angry. 
J]3« Ch. m. only pi. ]^W« («/'. ^niB:.8) 


nfiJK /". parrot, heron. 
T T -: 

p3N (M- PA«P to groan, to sigh. 
Ntph. PJI.W to sdgh, to mourn; 
imp Dl pSI^U mourn, be silent 
(i. 0. mourn in silence) Ez 24,17; 
rA D^pJMJni C^nOKJQ those who 
sigh and who mourn 9,4. 

52 t]pK 

npJ.X (c ni2.i«) /. D sighing, cry Ps.TO, 

ITT -: . • 

\i.-'2) 8p<)cie8 of reptile, linard 
Lev 11, 30. 

B'JN to be fatal; onlypt.p. B^U« :iH2 
dangerous pain 18.17,11; t^^^M Ql*> 
fatal day Jer. 17, 16. - Niph.fuL 
^X^l to be dangerv^usly ill. 

r3K, tri^ Ch.{def. ^?^i«; j>l. DTi8) m. 

man }^)H *lj son o man Dan. 7, 13. 
nn3K Ch. pron, m. thou, 
l^niX Ch. pron. m. pi. you. 
KDX pr- n. of a king of Judah and 

T T 

cf another parson. 
WDX »w. vessel, flask ]9^ Tj^DK oil- 

fla'sk 2K4,2. 
)lDK ^- hurt, mischance. 

^^DX (pi D'^l^Dg) m. bond, fetter 
*1^D«n n''3«Jer,37,15 or D'^^^DKH n^5 

• • • 

Jud. 16,21 fetter-house, i e. house 

of imprisonment; once D"'*1^Dn n"'3 

Ec.4,14. See also 1D«. 
n^DM ^^' ingathering time, harvest 

^T?? ^D feast of harvest Ex.23, 16. 
^^DX (p^ C^'PS) wi. prisoner. 

• T 

*1^DX »w. i^ prisoner. — 2) pr. n, w. 

DDX w. (only pZ. D^DI}81 store- 
house, granary. 
nJDX pr. n. m. 

*1S3DK pr- n- of an Assyrian king 

or dignitary. 
nJDX P^*- « wife of Joseph. 

^DX (/"w* ^Dg^., sometimes siRX^ or 
contracted ^"* ; /W. 1 ». a. pi. t*,t5k ; 



«/■. VfiPS: , TIW«) i; to gather, to 

collect D^n^nM Plfa« gather the 

people together Num.21,16, nSQWI 

TJiJl and thou wilt gather In thy 

corn Deut.ll,U; with h^: to re- 

ceive into, to take in '9^ "^^TOKJ 

• • • 

»1P^5 ^*^^ and thou shalt receive 
him into thy house Deut.22,2,' with 
Sk or hv before D^IJg : to gather 
to, to cause to come to "Sv 7]fiQK 
71^7^8 I shall gather thee to thy 
fathers (1. e. I shall cause thee 
to die) 2K 22,20; before nglV or 
yiiVO : to recover, to heal Vn^BK!! 
invito that thou mayest recover 
him of his leprosy 2K 5,6; PjCgl 
y^^^W and he will recover the 
leper 5,11.— 2) to withdraw cbs 
TJj; withdraw thine hand 1S.14,' 
19; Dn^; 1S5K D^JJS the stars with- 
draw their brightness Jo.2,10. — 
3) to take away, to snatch away 
'Ofin'DK DN-J^K ^QH God hath 
taken away my reproach Gen 30, 
23; lIRJf. Dnn c^jn thou takest 
away their breath, they die ?s 
104,29; ;n^n ^gps snatched away 
by hunger Ez.34,29.— 4) to be 
deprived of, to lose Tit??; nnSDKI 
and thou wilt lose thy life Jud. 
18,25.— 5) to close up a march, 
to bring up the rear rPH^. Il^j 
^§P«I the glory of God shall be 
thy rear-guard ls.58,8. 

Niph. P]CNJ 1) to assemble, to 

be gathered n^iptjn e]B«n nr the 

time that tlie cattle should be 

gathered together Gen.29,7; PQ^Sj 

• • • 

VipUg**?^ he was gathered to his 
fathers (i. e. he died) Jud.2,10.— 
2) to be withdrawn, to withdraw 
^B?» ^^ ini! thy moon shall not 
wi^draw Is.60,20; TllVQ'*^W ^fiPgi7 
withdraw thyself into thy scab- 
bard Jer.47,6in:n9n-'?« nB^DtlP.«M 
and Moses withdrew (retired) into 
the camp Num.1 1,30.— S) to be 
taken away, to parish "lCn"''??iS 
Q^$)(r^^ the merciful men perish 

Pi' ^B« (Pt S15W?) 1) to gather, 
to collect ^n^?k^ VgpNp they that 
have gathered it shall eat it Is. 
62,9.— 2) to receive 61C8? C^"'^"]\« 
nn^an S'liK there is no man that 
roceiveth me into his house Jud. 
19,18.— 81C}«9 rear-guard Num.10, 
25; Is.52,12. ' 

Pu. C]DW to be gathered. 

Hithp. ^BtfOT to be gathered 
t gether, to assemble. 

HDK pr. n. of a singer and poet in 

David's time and of another person 
r]D{< (only pi. D^ppKi wt. store, pro^ 

nOit {pl- c, ^8P«/ m, ingathering, 

harvest Y']\i ''gC^ harvest of the 

summer fruits Mic.7,1. 

nSDX f' assembly, heap. 

nSDX (only pi, iTifipW) f, assembly 

(of wise men) rfSDM ^"^SS men of 
the assemblies. 

tjpSDN w. rabblo, mob; ^P55«'"3 
N urn' 11,4 fur ^PfCK?. 

T :- : T 


P VI V - 

i<3^SDN Ch. adv. speedily, quickly 

l-JSb: «^1S9« let it be done with 
• « ■ • • • 

speed Ezn6,12. 
NP3DK P^' w. of a son of Haman. 

1DX W "iDBS nbN.:, ^z'. ^n:.pNi; 

pt. p, I^D^ ; inf, a. mtp. *1D.^) 1) 
to bind, to fetter; *llDg prisoner 
Is 49,9.— ^; to harness eiRl'' *) D«.J 1 
1n^2*lQ ^^^ Joseph harnessed up 

his chariot Qen.46,29; 1^.1 IDK 

• • • 

harness up [thy chariot] and come 
down IK.18,44— 3) to begin, to 
join npn|?19n SoMJ-""? who shall 
Degin the battle ? iK.20,14.- 4) to 
bind by "Wpj'hv IpM IDM.^ to bind 
himself by a vow Nuni.30,3. 

Niph. fut, 1p«.\ to be bound, fet- 

Pu. 1Dl< to be taken captive 
^15^ D^i^P they were taken cap- 
tives by the bow ls.22,3. 

^DX (c. *^B¥) m. vow, obligation. 

T • 

^DN {sf- niDW) m. vow, obligation. 

TSM • • • • 

IDX Ch (c. 1D« , de/: «5pK) w. pro- 

• • • 

nn"^Di< pr. n. a king of Assyria. 

^nCK P^' w. /■. Esther, a Jewess 

■ • 

who became the wife of the Per- 
sian kingXerxe8(trnirn>?)Est.2,7. 

J;N Ch. {d^f. «y«) m. wood c=Heb. 

P]N 1. (for P\:^ from f\j^ ; sf, '•gS , 
?]?«, igl<) w. Ij nose ei^n ^pp 
nose-ringsls 3,21; "i^jntlWa swine's 
snout Pr.11,22; iSg n^J? accord- 

ing to the pride of his nose, i. a 
his haughtiness Ps.10,4.— 5*^ anger, 
wrath ^W hvs a man given to angei 
Pr.22,24; ^fiN H^n his wrath wafi 
kindled Jb.32,2; T|e« ]e?; doth thy 
anger smoke Ps.74,1; ^g ?]'JS slow- 
ness to anger, i. e. long-suflTering, 
patience; T]?S ^*J?^ according to 
thy long-suffering Jer.15,15. 

nostrils l^gK;j ng*l and he blew 
into his nostrils Gen 2,7.— 2) face, 
countenance HVIW D^,BS with the 
face to the ground Gen. 19,1; ^BS^ 
l^l before the face of David IS. 
25,23; T]e« Dm in the sweat ol 
thy face Gen.3,19.— 3) two persons 
D^.fB rinw njlj a portion of two 
persons, i. e. a double portion IS. 
1,5.— 4) anger, wrath D^.fiK^ Hh) 
not in anger,20; n\^H TQ^, 
slow to anger, i. e. long- suffering, 
patient Ex.34,6; DlfiS '^'i\\ quick to 
anger, irascible Pr.14,17. 
P]N 11. conj. 1) also, too.— 2) even 

^? «]« even if, the mure;n* |\IJ ei^D 
is it not even thus? Am.2,Il. 
flX Ch. conj. also. 

ISN (/w«. 1S^^.!) tj bind about, to 

- T 


1B« see llBK . 


mSK (c. nn?8) Z'. i; binding about, 

giVding innSS ^S*n liis belt for 
girdingEx.28H- ^)coveringni?8 
Mnj nSgO the covering of ihy 

' • • • 

molten images of gold 18.30,22. 
nSi< (»/*. ^J'JSb*) w. palace. 

I V|V - 

T T 


n£X iM. nfSJ*^) to bakej with sf 
ngry and she baked thereof IS. 
28,24; pt ngk baker D^gKH 1B^ 
chief baker Gen.40,1. 
KipL fut. ng^jj;. to be baked. 

1£X, N^SH see «^S^K. 

niBN w. 1) ephod, upper garment 
worn by priests.- 2) pr. n. w. 

ySK fl^i. only f. pi rf'?'»?8 late- 

ripening Ex.9,32. 
D'2X see ^ . 

w. i; source DID ^j?:?^. the sources 
of water Jo.1,20.— 2) bed, bottom 
D^^nj p^P8 the bed cf rivers Jb. 
6,15; D^^^p^gft the beds of the sea 
28.22,16.— .^/torrent,brookD\T?K3 
iiS? like brooks in arid land Ps, 
126,4.— 4) depth, hollow D^fJ'^BsS 
ri^^\5.5l to the depths and to the 
valleys Ez.6,3 — 5) pipe, tube 
n^Tii ''PJ98 pipes of brass Jb.40, 
18.— *^) culj, mighty, strong ''(TSS 
D^Ji9 the strong of shields, i. o. 
firm shields Jb.41,7; D^.'Sft D'l9 
the belt of the mighty 12,21. 

D^BX P^- w. m. see pfig . 
I • -: 

*;£{< adj. dark, gloomy. 

5£{< m. 7; darkness S§N ]5g the 

stone concealed in darkness Jb. 

28,3.— 2) fig. misfortune. 

n?Bx (sf. Tjotss ) p^' ^^^BK) r 


]BN (only pL «/". VJgg) w. turn "IJ^ 
l^^gW hv *1?^ a word spoken ac- 
cording to Us [proper] turns Pr. 
25,11 (others: in its due time). 

]£i< see l^iH . 

DrX to fail, to end, to cease DM 
^l^JI the money faileth, i. e. it ia 
all gone Gen.47,15. 

D£N (pi c. "'BSB'i vn. 1) end, extreme 


ity n^?- ""B?^ ^^° ®"^ ^^ ^^^ ^^""''^ 
P8.2,8*.-;8'jnothingD§8?^ HM vr?) 

they shall be as naught and as 

nothing Is.41,12.— 5) adv. a. not, 

no one, no more: ^1?^? Dpi; there 

is no one except me ls.45,6; D^SD 

V^ iSV is there no one any more? 

2S 9,3j 8f. ^i?S|? nothing beside me 

Is.47,8. h) only: Hgn/n nVp^ D^.l< 

only a portion of them wilt thou 

see Num.23,13.— DgK? for nothing, 

without 7V\Z7\ DSS5 without hope 

Jb.7,6; ^? DgiJ. only that, however. 

Da. D;p9l< steps, ankles D;f p« '•p. 
water to the ankles Ez.47,3. 

D^I3*n DBS !>»*• w. of a town in Judah 

IS.17,1 '=D'»51 eg lChr.11,13. 
J?BX ('*' ys^) w- breath, nothing- 
ness ygSD DJ^S?!^ ]:$<& cm ye are 
I less than nothing, and your work 
' less than a breath Is 41,24. 

T\V^^ w. a. f. hissing reptile, ad 

• • • 

; der, viper. 
rjBS to surround D^D '•J^SSS the 
waters surrounded mo Jon.2,6* 

pfiX only Hithp. pfiSflH to restrain 

oneself, to subdue oneself. 

pSVj pr. n. 1) a town in Asher Jos. 

13,4 =p''P^? Jud.1,31.— 2) a town 
ea^t of the sea of Galilee.— 3) a 
town in Jssachar. 

nD£5N pr. n. of a town in Judah. 

*1BX w. ashes, dust; fig. nothing- 
ness ngST "i^y ••p:x i am dust and 
ashes Gen.18,27, 'nSS \^?'Ppr.>v. 
erbs of dust, i. e. worthless prov- 
erbs Jb.13.12; 15« nyn he pur- 
sueth dust, i. e. he grasps at 
nothingness Is 44,20. 

*|£)X w head-covering, head-dress. 
nhSK (pi D'^n'npB) w. young bird, 

• I : V • • 


Tr*)SX wi. sedan, litter. 

D^^B^< P^' w. 1/ the youngest son 

of Joseph who became the head 
of a powerful and numerous tribe. 
After the separation of the Israel- 
itic Icingdom this tribe, with its 
capital Samaria, formed the center 
of Israel and Ephraim then be- 
came the name of the entire king- 
dom.— 2) a city 28.13,23 =Di:]py 
2Chr.l3,19 (see also rrm). 

• • • 

8<^D*lfiK Ch pr. n. pi. the name of 

• • • 

a tribe which was subject to As- 
I Syria Ezr.4,9; ace. to Rashi=N1IJ^8 

t<^DD^£5N Ch. pr. n. pi, name of an 
Assyrian tribe Kzr.5,6. 


mfiXpf n. 1) territory of Ephraim 

P8.I32,6.— 2) wife of Caleb IChr. 

2,19.— 3) a city in Judah, also 

called DpT" n^j ^ wherefore once 
• ^P??9 °Pv^ ^'5 Mic.5,1. 
^mSX (JP^. D^finsrj) gent. 1) an 

Ephraimite.— j8^^ a fiethlehemite. 
DnSX Ch. income, revenue DflgKI 

pjpnn 0^575 and the royal reve- 
nues will suffer loss Ezr.4.13. 

113SK jpr. n. m. 
I : V 

nlVjy^) f finger, forefinger, toe. 
Vy$^ Ch. /•. finger. 

^^^K (pi. c. ''S^R) w. i; extremity, 

end »T5''¥8P^ and from its ends 
Is.41,9.— 2) noble pers ,n ^^78 
"^Wy^l \^ the nobles of the chil- 
dren of Israel Ex.24, 11. 

^"SN (jp2 D'»^7Xi niS''Vg) m. i; arm- 
joint, knuckle, elbow DJT^^'^yK 
arms, wrists, arm-pits.— 2) wing 
of a building; with n he. H^'^VK 
to the wing Ez41,8 (Buxtorfj 

7^^t to put aside, to abstract, to 

take away; to refuse "]p ^p.-SSI 

• * • • • 

n^in and I will take away some 
of the spirit Num.11,17 "np *?3 

D.nB '•P.^Jl? vh ^r.v \h\^v whatso- 

ever my eyes desired I refused 
them not Ec.2,10, 

Niph, *?V{<^ to be takon away. 

Htph. fxd'.h y 8 M (for ^ % 81!) and 
he took away Num.ll,25» 

*WjK («/*. ^^y?) m. i; side :jj3n *??»» 

from the south side IS.20,41.— 
2) prep, beside, near ^^VBB from 
him IK.20,36.- 3)pr. n. 'ifWl iT'S 
name of a place Mlc.1,11. 

V t 

mrXX f ankle-ornament, arm- 

87 ma^h 


*1XX (i>«. 1X*<) to store up, to trea- 
sure up. 

Niph. fut, *1X§?. to be stored up. 

Hiph. to appoint one treasurer 
nny^K-^S n:j¥iK;and I made trea- 
surers over the treasuries Neh. 

*1:JX see "l^flK. 
*1XX pr. n. m, 

HIpK w. a glowing or sparkling 

precious stone, carbuncle '^JHH 
rnng carbuncle-stones Is.54,12 
(from nng to burn). 

1j3t< w. roe, roe-buck. 

*li< see n^«. 
K^K iw. n. m. 

^X"1N (prob =SRnK , which see) 

•• •v • 

tn. valiant one, hero, angel; oc- 
curs only in D^^IJJ their heroes 
ls.33,7. (Ohvn^. is the singular with 
sf. C ; it is given a plural mean- 
ing because it stands in the text 
with a plural verb. Sjme manu- 
scripts read this word D'^vg^K .) 

^N*1X pr, n. m. 

aiS (fvt, y^^J to weave plots, Ui 
lie in wait, to lurk 'IQptJJ iljjl 

* • • • • 

he lieth in wait in a secret place 
Ps.10,9; Dn-Djs lying in wait foi 
blood Pr 12,6; Ml? hv ^^'^V^l and 

• • • • • 

they lay in wait against Shechen^ 
Jud.9,34; pt D^N . iT« lying Ir. 
wait, lier in wait, lurker (alsa 
collectively: those lying in wait^ 
^^Vii ^n«?] and those lying In 
wait hastened Jud.20,37. 

Pi. pt. ai^fp only pi D''31^J9 
liers in wait, lurkers. 

Hiph only avj for aiR!?. to 
form an ambush. 

3"li< see D!l« . 

• • • 

2^X tn. I) lying in wait, lurklng,- 


2) place of lying in wait. 
2*li< («A ^^li) w- ambush, fig, plot. 

2*lX pr. n. of a city in Judah. 

hH21H see ^KJlg n\5 . 

• • • — • 

na^X (only pi c. n1::iK) /•. plot, 

Ltiigue (see yp '»'*Tt^'^1? ^^^ 
plots of his hands Is.25,11 (ace. 
Stb.: the flapping or swinging o.Y 
his hands). 

n2*lN w. locust. 

na^K {pi n^^lK) /". latticed open. 

ing, chimney, window HS'IR?? ]^?? 
as smoke out of a chimney Uos. 
13,3; Dn''0^2'18 Sk D-ji^? like doves 
to theii windows Is.60,8; rfsng 
D^OB^n the windows (i. e. flood 
gates) of hoaven Gen 7,11. 
nl3*1X pr. n. of a place in Judah. 

*a"lK 88 

>3*1X gent, inhabitant of :i'38 . 

j^anx num. f., m. nx?2'iK , c. ny^ig 

four D''?^^ ys^t? four women; HM^K 
D^^j^ four sons; sometimes used 
as ordinal: Pai« n:?*? in the 
fourth year Zch.TJj e^lnS nyntf? 
on the fourth [day] of the month 

7,1.- 8f, DnvsnB , r ]??an8 a^ 

fourofthemEz.16,10.— (ftt.b:nv31B^ 

fourfold.— pi D^V31:{ cow. fur 
tens, forty. 

J?3*1t< P^' n- of an Anakite giant, 
founder of the city P31S nnfj af- 
terwards named l^ljn Jo8.U,15. 

J1« (Arf.- i^K , ilKy to plait, to 
weave; pt. ^y^ weaver D''J^i< "^^^95 
like a weaver's beam IS. 17,7. 

3nt< w. 1) weaving, texture Jl^lBD 10^ 

vjv • • • 

the weaver's pin Jud 16,14 — 2) 
weaver's shuttle ^'yf'^k'Q \bp^ ^p; 
my days rush away more swiftly 
than a weaver's shuttle Jb.7,6. 

2S*1t< P^ ♦*• of a region in Bashan. 

flSnX Ch. m. purple, purple cloth 

(This word occurs also in later 
Hebrew for ]^^^1S) . 

T3*1K w- l>ox, chest. 

]D3^X w. purple, purple cloth; see 

"nix pr. w. m. (=*inK lChr.8,3). 

jl'^^^X P^' w. *»• 

"••mX ^enf. of nS Num.26,40. 

mX I. to pull, to pluck n.iD ''O'lt? 
I have plucked my myrrh Cant. 

6,1; ^1 nsV"*?? ?n§l and all 
who pass by the way pluck it (i. e. 
pluck the fruit from it) Ps 80,13. 

m« 11. see 15? . 

TT ^ 

TiH Ch. interj. behold! (=1^8) . 

inX pr. n. m. 

11*^X pr> n. a Phenician island and 

a city of the same name> 
nnx 9»a. of nilR. 

nnx gent, of nns . 

mix (only pi. rt^K, c. fiinK, rfn«c 

2Chr.32,28 fliHtJ) /. crib, manger, 
ni^*1X f- restoration, recovery, heal 

T "• 

ing 'ciS^r^. niDh^ njns. np^y 

there came restoration to the walls 
of Jerusalem (U e, they were re 
8tored)Neh.4,l;n5K^l?Sn5n8 h}lf!Q 
and the work was restored 2Chr. 
24,13; aq'^ri n'yili ?ir9^ia and thy 
healing shall speedily spring 
forth Is.58,8. 

HDPX jw. «• of a town near She- 



D'^DlIX Ktib for D^ljing 2K.16.6. 

inX (c. I^'^t?) w. chest, coffin, ark 
l^'n^l D^\*1 and he was put in a 
coffin Gen.50,26; n'♦^?^ ]n8 ark 
of the covenant Jos.3,6; nngn jng 
ark of the testimony Ex 25,25; ]n8 
D'^rl'^K the ark of God (containing 
the tables of the law) IS.3,3. 

nJ'nX pr. n. m. Ktib n^iK 2S.24, 

16 and .T418 24,18; identical with 
]in§ lChr!2l',15 a. 2Chr.3,l. 



T^N to be flrm; only pt. p. pi. D'^HS 
firmly bound, packed Ez.27,24* 

nN c^Hfi; pi^ D^i^R, c. vns) *». 

cedar, oedar-wood. 
riTHK /". cedar-paneling, cedar-work. 

n*lK to wander; pt rpH {^. D'^OIK) 
wanderer, traveller^ 


pi. n^npp., c. rf^^j!l, nin^K) com. 

path, way, manner Hj^.'JV ntli< the 
path of righteousness PrJ8,20; ntlk 
D^P^I^ the manner of women Gen 
18,11; Djnininn^ the paths of 
their way Jb.6,i8; T|'«^jnnk 1\r}^ 
the way of thy paths Is.3,12. 

n*lk Ch, w. way, manner; sf. nfjlj'ji^ 
]T his ways are Justice Dan.4, 
34; ni? ^ppi^f "^J all thy ways are 
his 5,23. 

TTi'li^ ipl. ninnh) f. travelling com- 
pany, caravan D''^Kgpi^^. ^Q^i< a 
company of Ishmaelites Oen.37,25. 

nmx f. allowance p3t HDIS allow- 

ance of herbs Pr.l5,l7; T^p flD^JK 
constant allowance Jer 52,34. 
n« {pi. nlns, D'»:5S) m. Uon vw 

n>3K or n1'»58 ^^^ young lion. 

^Nnt* (from ^1K and ^8) m i) the 
•• • «. ■ 

lien of God, hero 28.23,20 (ab- 
breviated 'B18, which see). — 

2) hearth of God, altar Ez.43,16 
(identical with ^B^n Ez.43,15).— 

3) poetic name of Jerusalem as 
principal place of the sacred 
hearth l8.29,l a. 2.— 4) pr, n. m. 

v^^tMl* •», 

^n^K f^* ^' a son of liaman. 


ttriT^K >^- M- a son of HamaD. 

iT^iK *»»• lion Gen 49, (identical 


with ^"IfeS, a later abbreviation). 
nnK only pi. rini* , see nnj< . 

?llnX jw n. of an Assyrian King 

of ip7^ Gen. 14,1 and of another 

^D^^X pr. n. a son of Haman* 


TjIK (/««. nSilt, 1^. '^^JIBD to be 
long, to extend y'i^'^M n^?3JSfl3 

and his branches Lecame long 
Ez.31,5; D>p;n D^ \h \2y< ••? whe» 
the days there were long to him, 
i. e. when he had been there a 
long time Gen.26,8. 

J3fP^ Tl^O (/w«. T181) i) fn 
to lengthen, to prolong, to stretcli, 
to delay Ti;:ip^B '•J'^^SD lengthen 
thy cords l8.54,2; T^\'m ^PPIKDI 
then will I lengthen thy days 
lK.3,14;liB^5 \DnK9 •••'•p ^gagainst 
whom... will ye stretch your 
tongue? Is.57,4; ItS^M Tl8p ^ 
delay one's feeling, i. e. to pro- 
long one's patience Jb.6,11; ?]^*l^n 
^K to delay anger, i. e. to be 
long-suffering. — 2) infr. to be 
long, to extend; to tarry, to re« 
main long; to be prolonged O'^IKiJ 
D^ISD and the staves were long 
lK.8,8i ]:yrj?ini|n3 so long as 
the cloud tarried'Num.9,22; ^''^RD 


Inr^JJ that remaineth long in his 
wickedness Ec.7,15; Sh T^^:5^ and 
he remaineth long, L e. he pro- 


longeth hia life 8,12, l^'^ISl ]8B^ 

longed Ex 20,12; with D^P^ as accua. 
to prolong D'»p; n'^lgn ]SdS that 
thou mayest prolong thy days 

TJK Ch. to be long; pf. ^^18 be- 
coming, proper Ntp^^ K:^ Tl'^'JS kS 
it is not becoming to us to see 

long of wings, i. e. long-winged 
Ez 17,3; D1B8 l^lg or e]S IQ^ long 
in anger, i e. patient, forbearing 
(see also «1K); 0^1 ?]^K enduring, 
patient £c.7,8. 

ipH if' njlK) 04;. long, enduring. 
?T*1K 1. m. length. 

I viv 

tl^X 11. !>»'. n. i) a city in Baby- 
lonia Gen. 10,10, according to some 
Arecca, on the boundary between 
Babylonia and Persia.— 2) a re- 
gion and city on the boundary 
of Ephraim. 

ViA (sf. ^31IJ) m. length, duration 

iS'J^Tig "'^T- ^^^ ^® measured 
its' length Ez. 41,4; D"*!?; IQH length 
of days P8.21,5; DJfiK TJ^K long- 
animity, forbearance Pr.25,15 (see 
ND^^t, njIS Ch. f. time, duration. 

Jt231t< Ch. f. knee. 

HDIN see njns . 

\ • 

W'TS^K ^en^. inhabitants of H^B, a 

• • • 

city in Babylonia. 


• • • 

^2n^ 9^i' inhabitant of 1Q^^ a city 
in Ephraim. 

D^K (c. D18.; highland, mountain- 

land) jpr. n. 1) Aramea, Syria; Dig 
pt^Sl district of Aramea with its 
capital Damascus 28,8,5; n^3 Dig 
ainT, KJ^'iTDltJ, njIfQ DIK (see 
the last words),— 0.^*31!^ DIR Ara- 
mea of the two rivers, Mesopo* 
tamia Qen.24,10, elsewhere called 
Q^S ]3g 25,20, also separately 
)3S'48,7 or D^K Num.23,7.— 2) the 
people inhabiting Aramea, the 
Arameans D^K ^Dlijland the Ara- 
means fled IK.20,20.— 3) Aram, 
son of Shem, ancestor of the Ara- 
means Gen. 10,22.— 4) grandson 
of Nahor Gen.22,21.— 5) a person 
mentioned in lChr.7,34. 

]1D1X (p^. c. niapng) m. palace, 

castle (see also 1^D?S). 

^tSr\H 9^' w. Aramean, Syrian, 

Mesopotamian; pi D''$lt!i; once 
with the art. D'^QIH 2Chr.22,5 for 

D^91Kn ; f. njeis . 

n^D*lX adv. in Aramean, i. e. in the 
Syrian or Chaldee language. 

nX jw. w. in. 

pX w. i^ cedar or pine. — 2)pr, n. m. 

rOJIX f- a i^re. 

• I • • 

]13*1X pr- w. of a river which once 

formed the northern border of 



yi« Ch. i; m. {^def. KXJISt) the earth 

(=Heb. n,"?-)-— ^^ ''^"- ^^^'» ^^*^ 
P lower than, inferior TJJP PIS 

inferior to thee Dan.2,39. From 

this word has be n derived the 

grammatical term yi^9 (=P1B^IJ) 

which signifies: below, at the last, 

i. e. accented on the last syllable- 

^»1t« Ch. f, boUom; c. K2^ iT'VI^^ 
to the bottom of the den Dan.6,25. 

1S*1X pr- n. of a city and a prov- 
ince in Syria near Hamath. 

IB^DSIX pr* **• a son of Shem, an- 
cestor of the Chaldeans. 

i^ the earth (opposed to heaven) 
DP^\ (^^^ earth and heaven Gen, 
2,4.— jy land, country, ter- 
ritory Dnjfi; (^ng the land of 
Egypt Gen.i3,10i TlpJJ np what 
is thy country? Jon.1,8.— 3) land, 
ground *h'\ri\ (^'JK he gave him 
land IK.11,18.— with H loc. HV'^K 
a) to the land \m ^V^ to the 
land of Canaan Gen.11,31. h) to 
the ground np« ^nnpn and he 
bowed himself to the ground 18,2. 
c) against the ground nV*\K T]n 
strike against the ground 2K.13,18. 

«S"1K pr. n. m. 

pnX Ch. (same as P18 ; (fc/l Kp;\8> 
tn. the earth. 

TlK 6>ref. 1 >rfn^ ; ful 'Ik; , l a, 

4^ ; imp. nh , ^^-.TJ^ , pi. r\^ , 

niK; i)f. 'Itlii, pi. l>. "^^^^\ inf. 
W§) to curse, to execrate ''0^*^^f] 
Da\T31? ri8 and I will curse (i.e! 
turn into a curse) your blessings 
Mal.2,2; 'ni^K Tl'rfep^ and him that 
curseth thee I will curse Gen.l2, 
3; nn Dyn-ng ''^"n'JX curse me 
this people Num.22,6; Tnp nk 
curse ye Meroz Jud.5,23-, D^^ ^^^ 
those who curse the day Jb.3,8. 

Niph. pt *1^J to be cursed MaL 

P«. ^1« 1) to curse n^ns 'ig^K 
njnj which the Lord hath cursed 
Gen.5,29.— 2) to cause or bring 
on a curse D''*nKtjn D^SD the 
waters tha^ bring the curse Num. 

Hoph, fut. ^^V^ to be cursed 
1K^> ^i<r\ •ntfRl and he whom thou 

T T V *■?- 

cursest is cursed Num.22,6. 

lD*nX jw- w. mountainous district 
T T-: 

in Armenia, all Armenia. On the 
mountains of that region, accord- 
ing to Gen.8,4, rested the ark of 
Noah. The Persians call Ararat 
Kuh Nithy i. e, Noah's Mountain. 

m» pr. w. m. 28.23,33 ='»T;a iD 


the same verse. 
ty'nX Pi iS^lK to betroth Tif^ B^'IS 
hath betrothed a wife Deut.20,7; 
tr^Kfl na?« a wife wilt thou be- 
troth 28,30; pin '1 Tori«5 1 

will betroth th?o unto me in righ- 
teousness Hos.2,21. 

Pu, B^Dk,jp<. f. n?^"3hp to be 
engaged, to be betrothed nJ^^H^ 

V IV-: 

nb^:jh-«S "15^8 a virgin that is 
not betrothed Ex.22,15. 

nt&**lX f desire, request, praj'er 

V iv-: 

VJpgfe^ rig^"38 the request of his 
lips Ps 21,3! 

rhk see "liK 2, 

«nDa*nmx (also T\^t', p?^r) 
• • • • 

pr, n. Artaxerxes, the name of 
two Persian kings: a) Pseudo- 
Smerdis who, after the death of 
Cambyes (about 522 B. C), usurp- 
ed the Persian throne Ezr.4,7 a. 
23. h) Artaxerxes Longimanus 
Ezr.l,l;8,l a. elsewhere. 

B^K {8f, S^^, U2W) m. a. f. fire 
•• • • • 

Gen. 15,17; figuratively: a) heat 
of the sun Jo.1,19. h) lightning 
Ex.9,23 a. IK. 18,38. c) flame of 
wrath '•eSJ nnnp^ e^K a fire is 
kindled in my anger Deut.32,22. 
dj flame of war paf^np ngr B^« 
a fire, i. e. a flame of war went 
forth from Heshbon Num.28,28. 
e) glitter, shining Cf< ''JJK stones 
cf fire, i. e. glittering stones Ez. 

K^K Ch. (def, \^m) f. fire. 

K*X adv, there is 28.14,19; Mic.6,10 

B'K Ch, (pi. \''fti) m. foundation. 

It : V 

- I" : - 

^y3&*^< pr. n. a son of Saul. 

42 nis^K 

nt&*k< w*. running down, descent (of 

water) Dvn|n n^§ the descent of 
the hrooks Num.21,15. 

ma^'X (pi nin^s, c. ni^l?^?) /". i) 

T" -: • • 

foot of a mountain, base.— 2) 

declivity, slope njP5n m^H the 
declivities of Pisgah Deut.3,17. 

lI'nE^X pr. n. Ashdod, one of the 

five principal cities In Philistia 
(=Azotus, now a village called 

nl1&*K gent, inhabitant of Ashdod; 
f. n^^iie^S a) female inhabitant 
of Ashdod. b) speech of Ashdod. 

mti^H Deut.33,2 =ril?« (see nipK) 

T« •• • • • 

or =nT C^K the torch or light of 
the law. 

nis^« (c. nm; sf, \??^k, i\r}t?H or 

n^i^ Ez.23,44) /•. 1) woman, wife, 
female nsy 50J 1?^8 HB^wn the 
woman whom thou gavest to me 
Gen. 3,12; Hf K bv^ the husband 
of a woman (1. e. a married man] 
Ex.2 1,3; 2H ng^R wife of the father, 
stepmother Lev.18,11; ]n flffR a 
woman of grace, a lovely woman 
Pr.11,16; S^n nifK a woman of 
virtue, a virtuous woman 31,10. — 
2) with nin« or niP"] it signi- 
fies: a) the one .. the other H^f 8 
n[:B tkh nfliyi one shall not miss 
the^other ls.34,16;nC^»S nnjn i::nO 
nnng*?^ they shall be coupled 
t gether, one to another Ex.26,3. 
b) every one nnjStTD Htf^ H^g^l 
and every shall ask of 

V • 



her neighbor Ex.3,22; H^K Jp D^V"??^ 
n^JJ n^K ye shall go out through 
breaches, every one through that 
before her Am.4,3. 

n&H (c. n^K; pi c. ••^^i) m. burnt- 

offering, sacrifice. 
iTW'K Jer.50,15 Ktib for n:e^« , 

which see. 

ptPX (only c. ]^C*.55 ; same as ]itr''K) 

middle, depth ^g^n ]1B»«5 In the 
depth of darkness Pr.20,20. 

ste^p, gait ^^n nrnK iipiwj on his 

**-^ • T.T •« 

Steps my foot hath held fast Jb. 
23,11; fig. moral path, conduct 
^■^Pg^ I'S; understandeth his step, 
1 e. his conduct Pr. 14,15.— 2) a 
kind of cedar (=1^t::^gn, which 
see) D'*'3tf8"n3 W ivory of cedar 
or ivory inlaid in cedar Ez.27,6. 

which see. 
*11IS^i< j)r. n. i) second son of Shem 

Gen.10,22. — 2) ancestor of the 
Assyrians and the Assyrian people 
themselves.— 5) Assyria (also 
including Syria, Babylonia, and 
Persia).— 4) a city and district 
in the south of Palestine, the in- 
habitants of which were the D^IS'tJi 
an Arabian tribe Gen.25,3. 

n^E^K pr, n. a province in the ter- 

ritory of Israel; sometimes taken 
for a district in the city *lt?S , and 
sometimes, according to the Tar- 
gum, f . .r a circuit of Asher ^Fuerst). 

n^tPX gent, an inhabitanl of I^ITK , 

which see. 
l^HB^kt pr, n. m. 

prop, pillar. 
KD^tS^K pr^ n. an idol worshipped 
by the inhabitants of Hamath. 

ny^H see n-jcyfi . 

B^^tPK (only pL c. '•R^'^e^K) m. raisin- 

• T 

cake (or =Talraudic SC^''?^ft flag- 
on) D'»?:a ••r?'8 the r Lin- cakes 

• • • 

(or wine-flagons) Hus 3,1 ''^''C'g 
^!ftn "^M the raisin-cakes (or 

• • • 

wine-flagons) of Kir-IIaresseth Is. 
16,7 (ace. to others ^S?'?^* in this 
verse denotes foundations or 

n^*''t&*« {pi nilT'ipft) f. cake, pan^ 

cake \=tr'»pg). 

T]B^« C^ ne'w) m. testicle tj^w ni-ni? 

one whose testicles are bruised 

bstffH {.pi mSatf B , c. niSjS^B and 
« •,• • • • • 

ni*?5?*K) w. 1) cluster, bunch (of 
grapes) D'^JJg S3?^S bunch of 
grapes Num.13,23; 'IBAlI niSstrtJ 
the clusters of the vine Cant.7,9.— 
2) pr. n. a) a valley near Hebron 
Num.13,23. b) a Canaanite ally of 
Abraham Gen. 14,13. 

T33£*N pr. n. 1) a Japhetite, the son 

of Gomer Gen.10,3.— 2) a tribe 
that derived its descent from ti??'^ 


and that lived at a later period 
with the Armenians. According 
to latest research and Jewish tra- 

dition that tribe subsequently 
forced its way from Asia to Eu- 
rope, settling in Scandinavian and 
Germanic countries (Fuerst). j 

'ISK'N w. barter; wares: gift, present. 
T : V I 

^I&*K w. tamarisk (tree), grove, wood. 

V I" 

,3B*K , QC'e (/•«*. DPt«.1 , Q»«.':) 1) to 

be desolate, to lie waste ^D?^N\^1 

. • • • 

DJ.'^fninjTlp that your altars may 
become desolate Ez.6,6.— 2) to 
trespass, to offend, to incur guilt 
nwi DS^p he hath trespassed 
against the Lord Lev 5,19; Dgt}?i 
7^53 and he ofTended through 
Baal Ho8.13,l; H^SR nn«^ DtS^gJ 
and he hath incurred guilt by any 
one of these Lev 5,4; I'^Spk S| 
^D^N^. all that devour him shall 
Incur guilt Jer.2,3. 

Niph. DC^W^ to suffer for, to be 
punished ^D^Ni mVH 'TiVr^i yea, 
the flocks of sheep suffer for it 

HipK imp. D'^tJ^gn to destroy, to 
punish (others: to condemn, to 
confuse) D\i^K. D{J^?^KD destroy 
them, God P8 5,ll. 

aa'K (p2. D'-eK^S) adj. gulUy D^tJi?8 
^rnw-'^y ^:n:8 we are guilty con- 

• • • 

cerning our brother Gen.42,21; 
D^DtTK-Sj; ]NV-S''r? D''9C?81 and 
the guilty [offered] a ram for their 
trespass Kzr.10,19. 

a&\S {sf. toc^K . c. nDt?s ; pi. ntoB?Ki 

T T ^ * • ^ • 

c. niDtfW) m. 1) guilt, transgres- 
sion 6}f^ ^:''hv pW^H] and thou 
wouldst have brought guilt upon 

Tt : - 

US GBn.26,10; VDpj tl^HOlp who 
walketh in his transgressions Ps. 
68,22.— 2) a thing by which guilt 
is incurred, trespass "flR y^t^U) 
iD^i< and he shall restitute his 
trespass Num,5,7, — 3) trespass- 
cflering D^^H C^^| the sheep of 
the trespass-offering Lev. 14,24. 

nSB^X (c. noe^s ; pi niDB^g , c. n^Dtfg) 
^ • -• • * • . . 

f'l) guilt, trespass HDR^fc? naV'J 
-t for great is the guilt [restingl 
on us 2Chr.28,13; pljtf ilDl^fc?? 
by the guilt of Samaria Am.S,14; 

i:ODc^S-'?gi toKtan-Sr to our sins 

and to our* guilt 2Chr.28,13.— 2) 

verb. n. a) trespassing HJ nOp^N^ 

• • • • . 

to trespass thereby Lev. 5,26. h) 

bringing on guilt DJ?n ilDB^gS to 

• • • . 

bring guilt upon the people 4,3. 
c) incurrence of condemnation 
^^^bX V- ^8t?«^ to incur the con- 
demnation of God upon us 2Chr. 
28,13. d) the bringing of a tres- 
pass-.ffering ^n^t?^ D^^? on the 
day when he bringeth his tres- 
pass-offering Lev.5,24. 

D^'JDS'*^ M»- pl darkness; others : 
fat plucee Is. 50, 10. 

mOB^K, n^ffi^K a. ni^v^s (.pi. 

niipi?W) f. watch, night-watch 

(one of the three parts into which 

the night wasdivided)nne^« B^KI 

the beginning of the watches Lam. 

2,19; np-iOD ^ip^S the middle 
watch Jud.7,19; 'nDpn nnp?^«3 in 

the morning \vatch Ex. 14,24; ^D*jrj 

rii'lpe^S ^yy^ my eyes are awake 

T : » 


L:fore the night-watches P8.119, 
22TH (9f. '•W?^lf) «». lattice, lattice- 

nJB^K jw. n. of two cities in Judah. 

WJJ^X pr. n. a city in Judah. 
r0^ Heb. a. Ch. (pi D^?^8 , Ch. 
y9P^) m. magician, enchanter. 

nSB^X /". i; quiver in^trg -;.? the 

children of his quiver, i e. arrows 
Lam.3,13.— Ji) only pi riSl?S dung- 
hill, dung, rubbish risi?V?n '186^ 
the dung-gate Neh.2,13i nBt?«Q 
r^58 Dnj from the dung-hill he 
lifteth up the needy IS.2,8; IVt^n 
Xeh.3,13 =nifitfSri — The sing. 
ngPS is preserved in the Mishna. 
The pi. nine^^K Lam.4,5 is believed 
by some lexicographers to have 
come from another form— ng^N i 
which see. 

1352?^ pr. n. chief of the eunuchs 
of king Nebuchadnezzar. 

*1B3^K wi- portion (others: measure 
for fluids, cup). 

T\BV^ f- only pi. n^ngips dung- 
hill, rubbish flinetpg VW em- 
brace dung-hills Lam.4,5. 

fi^pE^i< pr. n. Askalon, one of the 
five principal cities of the Philis- 

%3l^n{pJ< gent, inhabitant of Aska- 

IJJ^X to walk straight, to go onward 
nrj TJ^jn? 1'n?^«3 and go onward 

V -• 

on the way of understanding 

Ft. ^m 1) to go, to walk Sg] 
D^yn TO? "^jyt^ri walk not in the^ 
way of the bad Pr.4,14.— 2) to 
direct, to guide T]?^ ?I'3'33 *lp?8] 
and guide thy heart in the right 
way Pr.23,19; f'^Dr n?^S guide 
(others; relieve) the pppressed Is. 
l,17;i)*. n«?SPguide, leader?l'':jtf 89 
D^ypS thy leaders cause thee to 
errls.3,12.— 3) to make happy, 
to pronounce happy nyt?^^ |?h 
^j^B^tfnj the ear that heard mb 
pronounced me happy Jb.29,11; 
rf\^ ^J^*!?'^^ the daughters called 
me happy Gen. 30,13. 

Fu *l^« 1) to be guided, to be 
led D'^y^Db V1B^«D^ and they that 

•T.J •• •, . 

are led are destroyed Is.9,15.— 
2) to be made happy f'^J?! *l^^! 
he shall be made happy on the 
earth Ps.41,3; pt. n^tfP made 
happy if^P n'^jpni and those 
who grasp her will be made happy 

*l5y^< m. only pi c ''•;;?8 happiness 
W^Kn ^tl?^8 happiness of the man, 
i. e. happy is the man Ps.1,1; 
with sf, r\^y?S , f. ^n?^8 happy 
art thou. 

IB^K (sf. '♦^?*¥) wi. happiness ''^?^g? 


to my happiness Gen.30,13. 
*1D*J< pr. n. I) & son of Jacob.— 

•• T 

2) a city east of Shechem. 

nB^« , "^s^e see i^e^K , •nwK . 

^rE^K i) rd, pron. (without distinc- 



•• • ^ 


tlon of number or gender) who, 
which, that, he who, that which 
t\)Sr\'^V '^W. who was [set) over 
. the house iK.16,9; Ig'K DT^fe^H 
^t^^ ^3^n the men who went with 
me Gen.U,24; ,^g^« l^g Y^^ 
the land that 1 will show thee 

Qen.12,1; in^5"'^r nB^R^Z ipk»j 

and he said to him who was 
[set] over his house Oen.43,i6; 

Dnx;|n ]ur?^> n^Rjj n'^D^) and 

drink of that which the young 
men may draw Ruth 2.9.— This 
pronoun being indeclinable its 
cases are indicated by pronom- 
inal suffixes of words following 
it: ^T^yi? *1t?K whose harvest Jb. 
5,5. ^^^? "^^K whom he shut up 
Jer.32,3;* ^'•'jV^S'S ^0 ^n which 
hath ridden Iist.6i; ^3 1{?8 in 
which Gen.1,29— 2) adv, where 

"/.^P ^VSi^ •••'•jbP ^fS ^? wlnther 
thou goest... and where thou 
lodgest R.1,16; D^IPK where; 
D|^1p I^K whence; *>g^KQ from 
where. — 5) conj. a) if, when *1|^8 
Npffi,«^?^^ if a ruler should sin 
Lev*i,22; Dn\*rK ^W 1??fi when he 
said unto them 18.28,12. h) that 
"^^^K ^,) it was (happened) that 
Num.9,20; Ig^g ^pjf, because that 
Gen 26,5; VB']gD? in order that. 
-•Ig^Ki' ^§^B!} because; njTSSas. 
?NTuiv\p n.'m. 1 Chr. 4, 16. 

• • • — — • 

n^N'.t N t-'- »»• ♦». 1 Chr. 25, 2. 

=n^fi'"?P'. V. 14. 
niB^N , nyE'K /■• i) Ashera, a Phe- 

nician goddess of fortune(=Syrx- 

an n'jntpy Astarta); pi nnj?K a. 
D^1??8 idols of Ashera. 
KJ^S^X Ch. m. wall, b lilding. 

B^tyX only ffi%. t?8^«I?n to show 

oneself strong, firm. 
IHtlfH f a woman (same as ntS^M) 

^E^R '8J the untimely birth of 
a woman Ps.58,9. 
^kriB^X pr n. a city in Dan. 

"bHFWa gent, of '?«ril?8 . 

I^'IWK Ch. m rebellion Ezr.4,19 

- : V 

(Irom *13P^ , which see). 


]lni&'X pr n. m. 

rtDiHB^X pr* w. a city in Judah. 

• •• 
^ I • • •,• • » • 

ntf Ch. (i>z ro«,^^^/' ^ic^\8f 

^?^^§) *'*• sig^i wouder. 
FlK see n^K . 

PS C*^ nw) pron. /" thou. See also 

nS I. (»A ^f^8 ; i>^ D^OR a. D^W) m 
plough-share, mattock, hoe. 

riX II i'i^K) particle used: i) as a 
personal pronoun accusative, with 
8f ••flK or ''/jlK me, ?l(lk, ^ tjph thee, 
^nk him, np« her, ^JflK us, D^r^J, 
rarely DJO^N you, D^lK, rarely 
Dnp^W a." bnw them; once DJOS^ 

• • • • • • • • 

in the nominative case; DJ^Ig"]''^ 
vR ye are not to me (i. e. ye do 
not turn to me) Hag.2,17; DJQK 
Ez.34,2 themselves — ^) as a sign 
of the accusative case: Tig Hj}! 
n^p and he will build the cicy 



Jo8.6,26; eiP^'»-n^ ^D>U^9!land they 
stript Joseph Oen.37,23i ^P DR 
wh jm? *lg^8"ngthe person whom 
or that which; sometimes with a 
noun in the nominative case to 
give it prominence: (^^gn"ns |r).^ 
let this land be given Num.32,5; 
D!^l"*78 ^Si ^r^^Tm this axe 
fell into the water 2K.6,d.— 3) as 
a demonstrative pronoun: Dpp*n^ 

^bn nifiS Dipp-nSI '•JJpj this is 
• * • • • • 

the place of my throne, and this 
i8 the place of the soles of my 
feet Ez.43,7.— i) as a preposi- 
tion: with, near; with af. VH^ , 
TliJiS^, ^n^, ^:r|«, DJi?^ CQV (rarely 

\nk, Tioi«, etc.) n^i^-'i^^ l^K'-^'ng 

with whom are there not (i. e. 
who possesseth not) things like 
these? Jb.12,3; Tgl !^PP/P ^^^ 
they made war with Qen.14,2; 
rii^JJ-n(J ip which is near Eloth 
IK.9,26; •'0^ b^p they went with 
me Gen.U,24j TjW Y^Q'^^ there 
shall m t abide with thee Lev. 
1C,13; r\QSH D'^J^'nn who go with 
thee Jer.19,10; *in^^ 131 he had 
spoken with him Gen.35,13j ^niK ^,) 
there is with him 2K.3,12.— WD 
irom, away from. 

r\H (only before af. ^t^H , ?IiJlK , etc.) 
see n^, J I. 

«nK see n^^ . 

KnK Gh. (m/". NfJB) to come. 

Aph. •'O^.D (iw/*. n\n^n) to bring. ; 

• • • • 

Soph. •'O'D (f. n^o^D ; pi ^^pn) 

V> *»<* brought. 

^»2^^t P"' n. a king of Sidon. 

nKM for ngn; pi \\Q^,:i or 

P'P^tlv •» i^P'Pi' ^'*/3«) t.' come, to 
come to pass ?jS ^jjp^ we have 

come unto thee Jer.3,22; 7[^*Vf, 

^Q^D unto thee shall come Mic. 

4t,8; 8f. 'VmyA '^V9 ^^^ ^^« 
thing 1 feared is come upon me 
Jb.3,25.- pt. W0«3 the coming 
events Is44,7. 

Htph. ntT} (for riQ^p to bring; 
imp. pi. 1^/jr] 18.21,14. ' 

nnX , 58 i^ n^lK a. np^^) jwon. w. 

thou, thyself; sometimes used for 
emphasis after nouns with the 
pronominal sufFIx 7^\ n^g'DI T]tJ*j 
thy blood, yes thine also 1K.21. 
19.— /•. rntj . 

]lnN (c. l^nB ; pi. niiriK) /*. she-ass 
]^DN Ch. m. oven, furnace. 
p^rK see p^ns . 
^F)X Ktib for I1K, occurring in sev- 

• mm m 

en places. 
••riK P»*. n. w. i; 2S 15,19 a. 23,29.— 
2) =WN lChr.11,31. 

Ez.41,15 for n ^ p.; ;? B) m. gallery, 

Dri« (/•. 1P« a. n:n.B) pron pi you, 

yi.urselves; sometimes used fof 
emphasis after nouns wiih the 
pronominal suffix DJ" : C j^^^pl 
Ding as for you. vnur carcasses 




QriK V^^ ^- ft place on the border of 

the Arabian desert Ex.13,20. 
^lDn« , ^^DO^ , *?to;jN' odi;. ij long 

since, of old IS.10,11; 18.30,33.— 
2) yesterday 1S4,7; Pa. 90,4. 

njriK see Dipt? . 

^Jn^t/ reward Ho8.2,14. 

T ! V 

^jnX iw. n. m, lChr.6,26. 

jpZ. D^JiipS) w, gift, present pOg 
njlr a harlot's gift Deut 23,10. ' 

TTIX Ch. m. i; trace Dan.2,35.— 

• 2) place, spot Ezr 6,7; '»'\ lOft the 
place where 6,3. 

D^^i*^ P^' ^' A place in the south 
of Palestine Nuni.21,1. 

^ the second letter of the alphabet, 
called BdK H^'S = r\)^ house, tent, 
from its original similarity to the 
form of a tent; as a numeral 2 

= 2, 3 = 2,000. 
*3 (combined with the dcf, art. 3 , 

§,S; «/•. ^J;TI?, A andr. ?i^; 

^?» /• 1?§) P*"^/ «3tpres8ing: i; 
midst: in, within, among r\)y^ in 
a house; Tj^^'iy^^ within thy gates 
Ex. 20, 10; D'^^^S among women 
Gant.5,9. — 2) closeness: at, by, 
on, upon, to *iy|^3 at the gate; 
]:x;§ by the well IS.29,1; ^-JfT? on 
Horeb IK.8,9; D'^p^Dj upon horses 
13.66,20; D^PI? D^j| face to face 
Deut.5,4: in relation to time Jl^^f^Ktl? 
in the beginning; Di**;} on the day$ 
with inf. : when TlJ^iX SbjJ when 
thy enemy falleth Pr.24,i7.— 3) 
attachment: to *? pj^ to cleave 
to, "? ngripn to be joined to, etc. — 
I) en(;ounter: against "^ DHpj to 
fight against, ~JJ n'ln to be Irindled 
against (of anger), etc — 5) ac- 
oompaniment: with ^OIH^Z? f^V. the 

tree with its firuit Jer.11,19.— 6) 
instrumentality: with, by ^^n| 
with the sword Jos.10,11; n;^D T;^ 
by the hand of Moses Num.15,23.— 
7) exchange: for ^03.3 for money 
Deut.2,6; ^t^^^ for thy daughter 
Gen,29,18.— ' 8) manner: Jit^lTJ 
with haste, hastily Ex. 12, 11; ^^|^4 
quietly 28.3,27. — 9) cause: be- 
cause of, for HQ iKtsn^t he died 

• • • 

because of his sin Num. 27,3; 
^py^ for thirst Is.50,2. 

"3 Ch. prep, *W(^^ in Judea Ezr.5,1; 

V^^ with the hands Dan.2,34. 

nK2/ entrance E£.6,5. 

T • 

tS^^K3 Ch. adj. bad Ezr.4,12. 

•nN| Pi "irja (tm|>. nSD j; to en- 

grave Hab.2,2.— 2) to explain 

ns3 (pi. ni'iRj , c. mis? a, nin^j^) 

/.'i; pit Gen.14,10.— 2) well Gen. 
26, 1 9. — 3) pr, n. a) a place between 
Jerusalem and Shechem. h) a 
station of the Israelites in the 
desert. c;D^^K "Ig? prob. =r irJ? &. 
d) ^Ijn ^n^ nR? a well in the des- 

1H2 40 

ert. e) PJg* 14*5 a place on the 
8;»uiherD border of Palestine. 

^^<a (from ni<? =n1a) /•. well, cis- 
tern; pi. nilKi . 

T" ; 

nnH3 !>»". w. 1) a city in Benjamin} 

lilSrV.? a station of the Israelites 
in the desert; also lESl'^J?. 

^J<3 !>*"• «. ■') father of the prophet 

Hosea. — 2) another person men- 
tioned in Oen.26,34. 

Uft^2 (fvt. ^Hy.) to stink, to be 

loathsome Ex.7,18; l8.50,2« 
Niph. triSjj to malce oneself 

loathsome or repugnant (with f , 

nX) 2S.10,6; 16,2L 
Hiph. B^>«3.n (/irf. B^'»l<5:) to cause 

to stink Ec.l6,l ;fig, •••tvi'm B^^IJ^H 

to make one loathed or hated 

BxA2i.— rr^5: Pr.l3^ = t8^>5; 

mph. I. of B^la I. 

Hithp. tfKSO? to become odious 
or repugnant (with UV), 

WH2 Ch. to be evil or bad l?f(J 

^^^^'8 It was bad to him, i. e. he 
was distressed Dan.6,15. 

E^«3 (sf. *im^ , Dtf «|) m. bad odor, 


B^NS m. only pL W^^H^ bad grapes. 

ntPN3 /. foul plant, a stink-weed. 

lnK3 Gh. prep, after Krj no«3 

after this Dan.7,6. 
HM iC' riS^) /". prop, cavity, hence: 


\)V n^f pupil of the eye Zch.2, 
12; shortened ])V nj Ps.17,8 a, 

pr. n. m. 

^33 l>r. n. i) city of Babylon. — 

2) Babylonia, i. e. the whole Ba- 
bylonian-Chaldean empire.— 3) 
Persia including Babyloniaj hence 
7^J TJ^D with reference to Cyrus 
Ezr.5,13 and Artaxerxes Neh.13,6. 

^^33 Ch.^cn^. Babylonian; i)l. n;.^53 . 

ja Ez.25,7 Ktib for TJ booty (others: 

132 (/w*. 1^5; , ^15! I prop, to cover, 
from which IJS a garment; fig, 
to deceive, to betray, to act secret- 
ly, to deal treacherously, to be 
treacherrtus or faithless |.1.g njb 
those who arc wickedly treacher- 
ous Ps.59,6 (ace, Stb.: those who 
cover themselves with impiety); 
Sm to? n^J '•OB my brothers are 
treacherous as a brook Jb.6,15; 
^f:)9 n^N' n^^J ]3K even as a 
woman faithlessly departeth from 
her husband Jer.3,20; with 2 to- 
wards, against: HJ nj| H'^^vSj 
all her friends have dealt treach- 
erously toward her Lam. 4, 2; 
vngj Vf^H niJj gno why shall 
we deal treacherously every man 
against his brother? Mai 2,10. 
See also HJ^J 2, 

Tja (sf. ''V? , without Dagesh in n; 

'pi. DnJ3, once nn^5, c. nj5) m. 

1) f^o vcring, garment, dress, robe.— 

2) deceit, treachery, faithlessness; 




with Ti| to deal treacherously 
nj|l\i;2-93 all those who deal 
treacherously Jer.12,1; D^jia ^}JS^ 
n^2 and the faithless deal treach- 


erously Cacc. Stb.: they put on a 
traitorus garment). 

m33 Zph.3,4 f. pi. deceit, treach- 

ery, faithlessness. 
1lJ3 flwl;. only /". n^ij} treacherous, 

^1i3 j?r. n. m. 

9^J3 P''^- ^or ^-li® sake of; see 77J. 
NHJS F*. w. a Persian eunuch. 
]ri33. ^^p^?l>^- w- a Persian eunuch. 
na I. (from nna ; pL D^ia, c. ^2) wi. 

i) separable part ^ij ^3 part by 
part, at equal parts Ex.30,34.— 

2) part of the body, limb il^y ^.3 
the limbs of his body Jb.18,13.— 

3) limb of a tree, bough HgQD 
n"*^3 out of the branch of her 
boughs Kz.l9,U.— 4) bar, staff 
ink nKf?S D'^'JjS for the staves 
to bear it Ex.37,27.— 5) compart- 
ment, chamber hi<p '•^3 to the 
compartments of the nether world 
Jb.17,16 (Stb.).~ 6) adv. 13*? sepa- 
rately,apart,besides, except, alone; 

sf. '15\\ T113S ^ 1^3^; ^-15^ nisV' 

D313?)* D33?, A sometimes n:i3?, 
sometimes ]Uli^ (I alone, by 
myself; thou alone, by thyself, 
etc.); "13^9 except, besides T? ]'•{< 
113/ P theie is none besides him 
13 lI.(l)^D^13)m.linen,linen-clothes. 

13 III. m. only pi. D'''=I3 invention, 

lie, idle tallt, brag; liar ]S tkh 

VI3 but his lies shall not be so 

X13 to invent, to devise falsely 
I2?p «nj 1K^8 which he falsely 
devised of his own heart 1K.12,33$ 
pt. 8f, D«5i3 Noii.6,8 for Dg^iS . 

113 to be separated; onlyjp*. 1^13 

lo'nely, solitary JrSi? 11^2 lifiV? 
like a solitary bird on a house- 
top Ps. 102,8; ViylD? ITS ]\« and 
none shall be solitary in his 
meeting-places Is. 14,31 (ace, Stb.: 
there is not a single one etc.). 

113 adv. separately, alone; also 
113 !>*"• w. m. 


n3 see ^n. 

• • • 

nn3 1'*'- w- *'*• 

^^13 w*. prop, something separated 
(from /52), hence: slag, lead-alloy, 
tin ?i:^nV^| ?^T5W5 and I shall 
remove all thy tin Is. 1,25; J^K 
Snjn Zch.4,10 tin-weight, plum- 

tJl3 NipK SiDj {f%d. Sn5>.) to be 

- T • ^ 

separated, excluded, set apart 
nSi^n Sni>p Snj; shall be sepa- 
rated (excluded) from the con- 
gregation of the exile Ezr.10,8; 
niyn T]inp wljn separate your- 
selves from the midst of the con- 
gregation Num.l6,21;lSn3: ^^01? 

"Ip '9 ^^ ^^® Gadites there sepa- 
rated themselves unto David IChr. 


T T V 

12,9; Wnjjn^ prjK Sn J»land Aaron 
was set apart to make him holy 

. . . . 

ft. v*^5B) to sever, to separate, 
to divide; to distinguish /^l^B^H^l 
D^d|^ D^D ]^3 and let it separate 
l^divide) between waters and waters 

Gen.1,6; Tjpnn i^jn^N-n pj S^JH^ 

to divide between the light and 
the darkness l,18;tr'npril''3 Snjn^ 
^nn ]'»31 t • disiinguish between 
the holy and the unholy Lev. 10,10. 

S*73 *w. only c. part, flap H.K Si? 

tip of the ear Am.3,12. 
n*?'73 w. V bdellium (an aromatic 

resin).— 2) pearl. 
]12 (for ]'r']S) pr. n. 1) one of the 

judges of Israel IS.12,11.— 2) 

anothor person. 

dS prop, to break through, hence: 

lo search into, to examine for 
mending (others: to repair, to re- 
build) n:f n pm^l pr\^h to exam- 
ine and repair the house 2Chr. 

pn| C^^P^il; sf. Tip.p) m. breach, 

rent, gap, leak. 
*^'5*T3 pr. n. m. 
*n3 Ch. Fu. 113 to spread, to 

Vl3 ***• emptiness, chaos. 

OnS w*- white marble, alabaster. 

^.*?\n3 Ch. /*. eagerness, haste. 

TnS i^i- shining, bright. 

S"I3 Nifk. hri^ (fMt. *:rj3i) i; to b« 

perplexed, dismayed, terrified 

niKlfi ^il^nji 1 am dismayed to 

• • • 

see Ps.21,3; '^DVJJ ^^DW my bones 

• • • • 

are terrified 6,3.— 2) to be hasty, 
to be eager ]^17 SlJ-J he that is 
eager for wealth Pr28,22. 

Ft. hn? {inf. 'rna , fut. Sm:) /) 

to confjund, to alarm, to terrify 
DiKn? nng TI^M''] and sudden 

• • • • 

dread terrifieth thee Jb.22,10.— 
2) to make haste, to be rash 

•V ^^^ ♦♦•'^M?! and be made 
haste... to give her Est,2,0; "^S 
D^V?*? nn^'^5 '^nan be not rash in 

• • • • 

thy spirit to be angry Ec.7,9. j 
Pu. S^a ipt ^5^9) to be has- 
tened D^?!lnD l«y: they went out, 
being hastened Est.8,14; n^n.^? 
Ktib Pr.20,21 for flSrlJD hastily 

Hiph. h'^ri^n [fut. S\'j5:) i) to 

hasten, to hurry away ^'^^rjjii 
K^jn'? and they hastened to bring 
E&i.6,'l4; D&*D in^S\15?J and they 
hurried him away from there 2Chr. 
26,20.— 2) to confound, to terrify 
""i^'TJin ^W] and the Almighty 
hath confounded me Jb.23,16. 

btl^ Ch Pa. to confound, to terrify. 

Ithp. T'HSrin to hasten, to hurry; 
verb. n. H^n^nnj in haste. 

• • • • • 

Itpa. to be confounded, alarmed; 
pt. -Tl^r^t} alarmed, terrified Dan. 

T T 

• T 

f. 1) fright, ter- 
ror, surprise.— 2) sudden de 

62 Nia 

nana (c nc^i ; «/•. \-?pjia , Tintsn? , 
tapnj, etc.; pi nton?, c. niona) 

« * • • • 

/". beast, animal; cattle.— rfDH? 
as a 8tng. hippopotamus (only Jb. 

irt3 (P^- i^^^'*?V- thumb, big toe. 

I V I 

irt3 l^*"- **• ^ son of Reuben, from 

whom a place ]rj3 ]^JJ , which see. 

DiiS '>»• whitish eruption on the skin. 

mna iP^ ''^"^OS) f- white spot on 

viv - ^ • 

the pkin, 

N13 (iw^<. a pi. K| ; m/". KS a. K^a ; 
imp. «^3 a. «2 , /". '•«3 , jd. }^2 ; 

/"wf. 3 8. Kn; a. K^a; , f. Kup) i) 

to go, to enter, to come, to arrive 
t<9 Vfi| K^t^ whither shall I go 
Gen. 37*30; n^YVn KU^ to come into 
the city 28.17,17; inr?^ Ito enter 
ye his gates Ps. 100,4; Tjp '•fit? 
those who enter the gates Gen. 
23,10; n^S? those who have en- 
tered it Pr.2,19; D''K| □'•D; days 
are coming Is.39,6; rfKjn Is.41, 
22 the things that are to come, 
i. e. future events; D^Kjn Is.27,6 
for D'tjjn D'»l?;^ in the future days, 
in the future; figurative expres- 
sions: a) n^t{"7^ S^3 to come to 
a woman, i. e. to cohabit her Gen. 

16,2. h) VnUR-g «^3 to go to his 

• • • 

fathers, i. e. to die Gen. 15, 15. c) 
DT}S3W^3 to reach old age IS. 
17,12; D^D*3 N*^3 to come into days, 
i.e. to bclld IK.1,1. d) CDia Nia 
to go into blood, 1. e. to become 
guilty of bloodshed IS.25,26. e) 
N'^^ S5S to every one who is to 

come, 1. e. to be born Ps.71,18, 
f) t?9?3 ^53 the sun went down, 
i. e. the sun set Gen. 28,11. — verb, 
n. K^3 signifies direction: H^^h TJ 
ril^n to the entrance, i. e. in the 
direction of Hamath Jud.3,3i nj82 
n'^'JJ as thou comest to Gerar, i. e. 
in the direction of Gerar Gen.lO, 
19.— 2) to come to pass *1^R h'3 
N'in: Ni3 nST. all that hesaith 
will surely come to pass IS.9,6; 
DJirng Ki? when your fright 
conieth Pr.1,26; with IV to come 
upon: nnjf ny^y, H2^ when there 
come upon you distress 1,27; wltii 
sf. accu8, ^1^2\ *1Cn want shall 
come upon him 28,22; ^30I5| ^^^ *^? 
all this is come over us Ps,44,18. 

iTiph. K^^ri(i^O«?.n, 2pK5n, 

before «/*. also '•niN^^n ; inf. KJH 
a. K^?n ; imp. K^nn', /". ^K^fJH ; ftU. 
W'?; , «3;j ; pt H'^iU) 1) to cause 
to come in, to lead in, to put in, 
to bring H^nn-^g ^'•JH thou shalt 
cause to come (or shalt lead) into 
the ark Gen.6,19j Dnsg-iJK 5^<3ni 
r)^?9@3 and thou shalt put the 
staves into the rings Ex.25,14; 

?1^5n V.jrS§ K-'pnb to bring 

into the king's treasuries Est. 
3,9; of the sun: to cause to 
set D^jn^a tro^n '•O^Sni and I 
will cause the sun to set at noon 
Am.8,9.— J?) to bring on (with Sy), 
to bring to pass Ti^^ DH'^Sr k^jjj 
I will bring upDn them evil Jer. 
23,12; niNpiS eis W3T I have 
spolfen it, I will also bring it to 
pass ls.46,11.— 5) to obtain K^;ijl 




TX^yQ ^jh thai we may obtain a 
heart endowed with wisdom Ps. 

Hoph, Nam (/•. nH^^T\ ; pt k^^d) 

to be led or carried, to be brought, 
to be put in ^N^V Tlh^,^ unto Ba- 
bylon shall they be carried Jer. 
27,22; N^^^ 0:53 it shall be put 
into water Lev. 11, 32. 

T^3 I. ipret. a. pt. T^ ; fut. TU^) to 
despise, to treat with contempt. 

T13 11- V *>*• contempt, scorn.— 2) 
pr. n. a) son of Nahor and ances- 
tor of an Arabian tribe; geni. ^H^ • 
bj another person. 

nflS /"• object of contempt. 

'n^S only Niph, T]l23 to be confused, 
perplexed; to go astray; pt. 1\2} 
{pi, D^55J) perplexed, he who goes 

^^3*>> fl produce, fruit.— 2) block, 
log YV. ^'^^ a block of wood Is. 
44,19 (others: branch, twig).— 
-i) eighth month of the Hebrew 
year, afterwards called ]JJ?p*^B » 

p3 see 1^5. 

.13^3 pr. n. m. 



D13 iM' C^y^; D^p^3 Zch.10,5 
for D^p3) to tread under foot, 
to crush '»eS? D'«)?i? DMH I will 
tread down (or crush) nations in 
my anger ls.63,6j C^^Ti ns?3t? ir^.^ 
DgJ the satisfied soul treadeath 
under foot (i. e. despiseth) the 
tine honey Pr.27,7. 

Pii.DR^2 to tread down, to trample 


Hoph. to be trodden under foot, 
to be crushed D^^D ^JSJ) as a 
carcasstrodden under foot Is. 14,10. 
Hithp. to be trampled on DCQ^^OP 
^^P7? trampled (ace. Stb.: rolling) 
in thine own blood Ez 16,6. 
Y^ m. byssus (a fine linen tex- 
PS')3 pr. n. of a rock near Gibeah. 

np^3 f- emptiness, desolation. 

^pl3 ^- herdsman, shepherd (see 

T,3 prop, to bore, to dig, hence 
nu*? £c.O,l to search out, to 

113 ipl' ninia) >w. l) pit.— 2) cistern, 
well (=1«<a).— 5) grave 113 n.H^ 


those that go down into the grave 
Ps.28,1.— 4) dungeon, prison; in 
this signification also *li3n n^^. 
Ex 12,29; Jer.37,16.— nl3 Jb.9,30 
=13 , which see. 
2'*13 I ipret. ^2, B^i3; inf. a. imp. 

tri3 , v^2 ; fut. iru;. , triijj ; pt. ^% 

to be ashamed, confounded, embar- 
rassed or disapointed C^'3.''. nny'^S 
2pV.l not now shall Jacob be 
ashamed ls.29,22j 'h^^ ^\^20 ^^ 
T.P^^^^V. thou shallt not be a- 
shamed of all thy doings Zph.3, 
11; fig. of the sun: n^m nc^ini 
and the sun will be ashamed (i. e. 
obscured) ls.24,23; ^trnj ^no they 
were dismayed and confounded 
37,27; 1C^3:.l^Di^whcn they i.riso 
let them be embarrassed Ps.l09, 

28.— B^ly. Ho8.13,15 = B^5^: from 
e^^^, which see. 

Hiph. I. tr'^jn (/w. t8^''5;) i> to 

put to shame, to confound ^j^ nVS 
^tr^;?^ the counsel of the poor ye 
put to shame Pr. 14, 6; U^»$#9 
gitr^^n those that hate us thou 
puttest to shame 44,8. — 2) Mt. 
to bring Bhame, to act shame- 
fully Tenil. B^'-KJl y^g a wicked 
man aoteth shamefully and dis- 
gracefully Pr.13,5 (=tS^^?;); pt 
tS^^^Q, f.n^'^^JQ one acting shame- 
fully Pr.lO,5;*19,26; 12,4. 

Riph. II. C^^^lin to be ashamed, 
confounded Jer. 10,14; 40,24; Jo.l, 
11 (see also Itf;}^ Riph, 2). 

Rithp. t?t|^i30? ^0 b® ashamed 
I2^*j3 II. to tarry long, to bd tardy 
B^ia-nfi ^S^qjland they waited very 

long Jud.3,2d. 

Pi, e^t^S same as Kal tS^{^3 V^ip 
Ki:}|^ ^^31 why tarrieth his chariot 
RO long in coming? Jud.5,28. 
n2^^2 f» shame, disgrace. 


J1^3 Oh. stay in a place, hence: 
to pass the night fl^tp njl and he 

passed the night fasting DaD.6,10. 

13 »». robbery, prey, booty. 

KT3 (only 3i)Llr<J5) to cut through 
^ivn|< Dnn; ^KD ng^B whose land 
rivers cut through (i. e. flow 
through) Is.18,2 a. 7. 

nT3 M. ng:, T3,!i; pf. nri3, pi sf. 

M*3 ; pf. ^^T^) /) to despise, to Jeer, 
to mock nj75 iS T^ni and she 
despised him in her heart 28.6,16; 

64 i^na^ 

^rSy nj!l and they jeered at 

us Neh.2,19 — 2) to disregard 

VJ'JT nP3 who disregardeth his 
ways Pr. 19,16. 

Niph. ni?j (pt. ngj , i>z. onjj) 

• • • • • 

to be despised. 
ffiph. inf. IV'^yi^ to make con- 

rtT3 adj. (only c. .it?) B^M ntj de- 

spised by every person ls.49,7. 
nT3 f' booty, prey. 

T • 

TT3 (1 i>^ ^^!13 a. ^JltS ; /"uf. tbl; m/: 
tb, P3) to rob, to plunder. 

Niph. rb: (m/". ?i2n) to be rob- 
Pu. T15 to be plundered. 

]1^T3 tu. contempt. 

n\lVT3 l""- w. a place in Judah* 

nT3 ^n, lightning, flash of lightning. 

I t T 

r5T3 P^' w. a city in the north of 

*1T3 (— "^IS; M. •nl??:) to scatter.— 
Pi. *1j3 to scatter. 

]ln3 w. tester of metals (from lOJ). 

]iri3 (p^- «/". '''*}^n3) in. tower, watch- 

1^n3 ipl D'^n^na , c. n^na) m. young ( 
man; young warrior. 

nninS P^. see Dn^nj . 

D^*l^ri3 w. |)L youth, age of youth. 

]^n3 Ktib Is.23,13 for j^ns, which 



• T 

n^n3 (c. Tnj) adj, chosen, elect. 

• T 

^n3 to feel abhorrence n^na OCpi 
^5 their soul abborrrcJ me Zch.11,8 
Pn. pt n.^pip Pr.20,21 dis- 
gusted (Kri njSip 1 ^roni Sn2). 

]n3 l/"***. 10?: ; mil). \n^} to try, to 
prove, to test, to examine. 

Niph. ]n^) {fut. 2 pi ^JnjO) to 
be tried.— ]na Ez 21,18 is usually 
regarded as Pu, and is rendered: 
it was tried, proved, etc.; ace. to 
some it is the noun ]n2, which sc^. 

V13 m. trial, proof ]n3 ]^«. stone 

of trial, i. e. tried stone (corner- 
stone) Is.28,16; lOb ^9 for it is a 
trial Ez.21,18 (see also ]n2). 

ina {M- "^M: ; imp. nn?) l) to try, 
to prove '•jV 1^35 Tn-^.n? 1 have 
tried thee in the crucible of af- 
fliction Is.48,10. — 2) to choose, 
to select ^^"injll and he chose 
to himself IS.17,40; Vm TlS "inj 
DiJQ choose for thyself one of 
them 28.24,12.— S) to like, to de- 
sire "hv nn^ri "ng^s Sb aii that 

thou wilt desire of me 28.19,39.— 
j)f. I^n^ (c. pZ. ''l^nj) a) chosen 
'Kl?^! ^"^.^nj chosen men of Israel 
IS.26,2. h) excellent D'^Ht?.? "^^n| 
excellent like the cedars Cant.5, 

Niph in?} to be chosen ^163 
np?; choice silver Pr.10,20; with 
JtJ to be better than, to be pre- 
ferred D^JOB niP nnjr. and death 
shall be preferred to life Jer.8,3. 

Ptt. *in^ to be chosen, selected. 

Wm^ see Dn.^n? . 

Dnn3 J?^ «• a place in Benjamin 
1 K. 2,8; gent. '•D^nO.S 1 Chr, il,33, 
for which ^pfinj 2S. 23, 31. 

NtD3« ^^^ to talk; j^e. Hgi^ idle talk- 
e/pr. 'l2, 18. - Pi. *<M (/W. KB3:) 
to talk, to pronouDoe Lev. 5, 4. 

niS3 I. to extend, to be thick (Ar. 
^nriDD thick), whence n^tS^R. 

OM , /". nnpa) to trust, to confide, 
to rely (with ?, ^S?, ">f^, to feel 
secure; p«.i>. D^tpl secure.— IT^. 

D'i??n (/*w<. riB?:: p*. DV?B) to 

make secure, to cause to rely. 
niD3 1) w. security, safety; HDD^ 

a. n63 (wfv. securely, safely.— 2) 
pr. n. a Syrian city situated in 

nniD3 /". security, repose. 
flni33 w* confidence, hope. 
J1int33 /•l'^- security, place of safety. 

See also n*np . 
^23 to be idle. 

- T 

^03 Ch. to cease from work, to be 

idle.— Pa. h^2 (3 pi ^h'^pS ; inf. 
kSdS) to cause to cease, to bin* 

ltS3 C^ 1B5 ; «/•. '«?) r. ^) belly, 
stomach. — 2) womb, the inmost.— 
3) protuberance on pillars. 

n3e3 (only pi D^^M) m. pistaci 

0^303 l>^- w. a place in G"' 


^a tnterj. pray! ^JIR ^? pray, my 

L-^rd! Gen.44,18. 
]^3 (pret 11, 1 ^O^r?, 2i5ir?a. 

imjp. ]^5 , j?L ^i"*!?) i) to understand, 
to comprehend ]''5« ^h\ ^nVS?^ I 
heard, but did not understand Dan. 
12,8^ n^i? W ^rj understand but 
this Ps.50,22; with S (also h^ , 
.g) to give heed, to turn atten- 
tion to; pt. J3, pi, D'^^a Jer.49,7 
wise, prudent. — 2) (o perceive, 
to feel iS ]''?«•^i'7^. ^hjV were he 
to pass by, I should not perceive 
him Jb.9,Il,- D3\n1-i^p ^rj; DIW 
l^K before your pots can feel the 
[burning] thorn Ps.58,10. 

Niph. Jia: (1 8. '♦o'^^i) to be in- 
telligent, to have intelligence; p<. 
c, 1^1 ]^^i Intelligent in speech 

Pi. ]}^2 to watch over, to guard 
^n:i^2\ m;i±) he encircled him 
and watched over him Deut.32,10. 

Hiph ]>:}n iinf, r?n,ian; fut. 

1^?; a. 15,;i, as in Kal; tmp. pH , 
pi, ^i^j?n) 1) to give understanding, 
^0 make understand, to instruct, 
to explain D^^r)? pjD he giyeth 
understanding to the simple Ps. 
119,130; D'-r^p Neh.8,7 they in- 
struct; ^jr^n P8.119,27 make me 
understand; pij Dan.8,16 explain. 
— 2) to understand, to comprehend 
(as in Kal\ to know, to distinguish 
nrj nCK l^^n^ to comprehend 
the words of understanding Pr.l, 

2; V^. :J^tD i^s ran'? to distinguish 



T • 

between good and evil IK.3,9; pt 
I'»M intelligent, skilled. 

Hiihp. IJ;20n to consider, to 
give heed, to understand vh ^pg 
jyaipn my people doth not con- 
sider Is. 1,3; ijiaoi vh\ Jljj N^n 
when he seeth wickedness, doth 
he not heed it? Jb.ll,li; D'^^jJiP 
I4I3ON Ps.119,100 more than the 
aged 1 do understand (ace. Stb : 
from the aged I acquire experi- 

])3 1) m. (c. 1''3; du. n;r3;i>l. ^^^''5) 
interval, space between, midst 
r53, Vr% nir^-'TK in the midst; 
j'-SP , ? nirsp from the midst, 
from between; ]^5"*?y Ez.19,11 
above the middle, high between; 
orran ^^^ 1S.17,4 go-between, 
mediator (umpire between two 
fighters). - 2) prep. {sf. '•^^3, ?IJ^5 , 

^ 7i:;5, ^J^5, ^i:.r5, DJ\r5, cn^j^^j ; 

^:piJ''5, Dpira) between, among 
^iPrDIBrS between waters and 
waters Gen. 1,6; nl^ng ]>5 among 
lions Ez.l9,?, 
1^3 Ch. prep, between. 

nr3 (c. nr? ; pi. nira) /■. under- 

standing, insight, prudence. 
nr3 Ch. f. same as Heb. 

T • 

n^'3 (only pi. D>V^5) f. egg. 

^)3 iKrl for 113 J3r.6,7) =1B3, 

which see. 
nT3 /". ^>^ castle, fortress, palace.— 

2) temple lChr.29,U 
nT3 Ch. (de/-. K^TJ) /•. fortrc*?. 



jpL D^{n| , c. ^{n^) m. 1) house, tent 

Oen.33,17; as residence of a king: 
castle, palace 26.11,2; IK.4,6; Est. 
I,9;a8 place of worship: temple IK. 
C,5a.37; Mic.3,12; ndDH n'»a prison 

Oen 30,20; nirO) n^S place of the 

paths, i. e. cross-road Pr.8,2; D^S 
n^*1^p place of graves, burial 

ground Neb.2,S; nhSy n'^;^ house of 

eternity, i.e. the grave Be. 12,5; D'^^ 
^D"^J? *1S^D house of assembly for 
all the living, i. e. the grave Jb.30, 
23; "l^'n ^^1 houses of clay, 1. e. 
mortal bodies 4,10; tS^^^^V n**a spi- 
der's web 8,14.— 2) receptacle, ca- 
pacity D^132 Q^^f receptacles for 
the staves Bx. 37,14; e^^^jl ""{H^ 

scent-cases, smelling bottles Is. 3, 
20; Q^.nxp n^S capacity of two seahs 

IK.18,32.— 3) household, family, 
race, people TJIl^J Ty.njjgthou and 

all thy household Oen.7,1; n^^ H^f 

Deut.25,0 and n^J H^^ 28.7,1 1 to 

found a family; D^ n^S Num. 1,4 

household of the father, family; 
TJJTJ?'*. n'»aR 4,11 the people of Is- 
rael.— i; interior, the inside, with- 
in n^SD from within IK.6,16; with 

n he, npja inward Ex.28,26. 

n^S c. of nj|3 1 occurs in many 
compound names of places, the 
most important of which are: !V2 
IJIJ in BenJ. Jo8.7,2.- ^TR-n^a on 

the border of BenJ. and Ephr. Gen. 
28,10; gent, '•^KH rT'S IK.16,34.— '3 

^TE?.V» see SlfK>.- S«518 '3 in Ga- 
lilee Hos. 10, 14.— ]iyp Sga '3 in 
Reuben Jos. 13,17.— ^JjSj '3 in Si- 
meon IChr. 4,31.— iTJI '3 on the 



eastern bank of Jordan Jud.7,24.— 
^■^^ '3in Judah lChr.2,51 (=n'pj 

Jo8.15,36).-. h^)i '3 see '7|S4 .— '3 

h\D^ In Moab Jer.48,23.— 0)h'^^'] '3 

Jer. 48,22.— jiJJ '3 two cities,* one 

in Judah Jos. 15,41, the other in 
Asher 10,27— nto-^^^n '3 in Reu-^ 

ben Jos. 13,20.— Dn|n '3 inJudsh 

Jer.6,1. — pQllJO '3 a village near 

Jerusalem 28. 15,17.— nlnjll^n '2 

a city in Simeon Jos. 10,5.- p^'rn '> 

acity inAsher Jos.10,27.— n^'jaj '2 

a city on the border of Judah and 
Benjamin Jos. 15,6; 18,22 — D'jn '3 

in Gad Jos.13,27 (==]'yi '3 Num'32, 

36).— n^fn '3 in Manasseh Jud.7, 

22.— nhin '3 in Benjamin Jos.lfi, 

10— ]jn 3 in Judah or Dan 1K.4, 

0. — ji-^n '3 two cities in Bphraim 
Jos.l6,5;21,22.— 13'3in Judah IS. 
7,11.— ni«J^ '3 see n^KJ*?.— '3 
nnprS see nncy .— Dp^/ 'i a lown 
in Judah IS.16,4; Jud.l7,7,anothei 
in Zebulun Jos 10, 15; gent, DV 
''W^DIS.16,1.— K^^P '3seeNi^D.- 

l^pb'3 see l^Pe.- n5y.D'3*see 
njae . - n:jt?j '3 in Gad Num.32,36 

(see rrjlj;).- iny '3onmountLeb- 

• • • • I • 

anon Am. 1,5. — n.JDtS '2 see 
njDtr .— ni:iJ '3 in Judah Jo8.15, 
50.-^nja'3in Naphtali Jos. 10,38.-- 
D-^Sl nj:!; '3 near Samaria 2K.10, 
12 csce 1(5.1?).- D^g '3 in Judah Jos. 
15,27; gerU. '•^^g 28.23,26 — I^Ve '3 
in Moab Deut!4,46 (see l^yp).— '3 
f^Xfiin Issachar Jos. 19,21 — I^V '3 
in Judah Jos 15,58— 3lnn '3 In 
Issachar 28.10,6.— \^^ '2 in Ma- 
nasseh Jos.l7,ll (= ]^*'3 IS 31,10: 
28.21,12).- B^9,^ '3 aj a city in Ju- 




dah Jo8.15,10; gent. '>^^U tV^i IS. 

6,14. 5)aplaGeinNaphtali Jos.lO, 
38. c; a city in Issachar Jos. 19,22. 
d) = jiJi , which see. — D1B0 '3 in 

Judah Jos. 15,34. 
r\]2 Ch. idef. HQ\^ . nQ]i) m. house. 

]ri'3 Cc 10^?) m. palace Est. 1,5. 

X^l (l>2. D'H;^) m. i; species of bal- 
sam-tree 28.5,23.— 2) pr.n. Baca 
K^IO P9% the valley of Baca Ps. 

84,7 (others: valley of weeping, 
from n^^). 

n^l (fvt, njj; , ap. g?:. tpt. p, n;?a , 

in/". rt33, to?, ntoj) to weep, to 

weep for Num. 11, 13,* Jer. 22, 10; 
Gen.37,35; Lam. 1,16. 

Pi. n J? (pt. .1959 , f. .1539) to 

weep for (with bg) Jer.31,15; with 
accua, Ez.8,14. 
n33 t». weeping Ezr.10,1. 

• I • 

*1133 w. flrst-born, firstling; fig. first, 

foremost I'^pjpg Ito? I will appoint 

him as my foremost son Ps.80,28; 
nj9 *lto| first child of death, i. e. 

most terrible disease Jb. 18, 13: 
D'?! ^1"^3? first of the poor, i. e. the 
poorest Is. 14,30. 
*1^3 m. onlypI.D^'^^39 first-fruits. 

nT.^33 , .i:j^35 r. early fruit ^Xff^ 

n11?a3 the early figs Jer.24,2. 
nil^i see fTJD? . 
n'll^i pr. n. m. IS.9,1. 
n^3 y. weeping n^D|l Ji^g the oak 

of weeping Gen. 35,8. 
^Da {f^ V,§ ; «/"• ^!??) w. weeping; 

/i^. trickling B^gn rtinj >35D he 

restraineth the streams from trick- 
ling Jb.28,11 (Puerst). 
D*5a P^- n. a place near Gilgal. 

nT33 «&*• A first-born (daughter). 

n^33 (= ^?5)/. weeping, mourning. 

133 l^*. 13? (/W. "l^S!) iJ to pro- 

duce anew nS3\ ''^?1Q.^ ^''IP it 
shall produce its fruit anew every 
month Bz.47,12.— 2) 133^ Deut. 
21,16 to make as first-born, i. e. 
to give the birth-right. 
Pu. 133 to be born first Le v.27,26. 
JTip^. n^Jjn to bear a first child; 
pe. n^**??!) Jer 4,31 a woman in 
her first travail. 
133 (pL c ^IJJ?) «•. young male . 

camel Is.(yO,6. 
133 py** ^' i^ son of Benjamin Gen. 

46,21.— j?;8on of Ephraim Num.26, 
35; QfynL ^"Ija ib. 

m33/'.young female camel Jer.2,23. 

m33 (pl. ninb?) f. first-Mrth, pri- 

mogeniture; birthright Gen.43,33; 
Deut.21,17; lChr.5,1. 

^133 Vr> «* •». lGhr.8,38, 

^133 P*-. n. m. 28.20,1. 

• • • 

73 adv. not, that not, not yet, hardly 

h^^t^ b? they cannot profit l8,44, 
0; ^D^p^ ?3 that they may not rise 
14,21; ^rsj 'ra BjKthey were hardly 
(not yet) planted 40, 24; ^I'^ySj 
Ps.16,2 ace. Fuerst: not beyond 
tbee(Stb : there is none above thee; 
see the rendering of the whole 
verse under HflD). 

73 fM. mind, care; with G\^ : to takt 


care of Dan.6,15. 
^3 (from ^83 = Sra) Bel, the chief 

god of the Babylonians Is 46,1. 
NtJ3 Ch. only Fa. K.^S to vex. to 

afflict Diin.7,25. 

]T»?3 ** 

nK^3 l>r. n. a Babylonian king. 

^i^^jjC) i I to cause to break forth 
T3"^S itf ^^'j^SC! who causeth de- 
struction to break forth on the 
strong Am.5,9.— 2) to strengthen 
oneself, to recover strength n4\5B 
CSP that I may recover my 
strength a little Jb.10,20.- rxrh. 
n. n^r*:?B cheering up ''O^r^^Q 
rr ^"^y I cheer myself up n gainst 
sorrow Jer.8,18. | 

n3tJ3 pr- n. m. =>!*?? Neh.10,9. 
't : • * i 

Tl^S j>r. n. m. 

n*53 (/•««. '"^^iV^ ^^' »*• '^ ' ?^ ^^ ^® ^^'' 

to decay, to wear out, to wax old 
n!r?l 3fn? decayeth like a rotten 
ihing jVi3,2S; ng^n J^S TlO^pt? 
thy garment did not wear out 
Deut.8,4; ^0^5 ''IDS after I am 
waxed old Gen.l8,i2. 

Pi. n^? (fut n*j3; ; inf. n'hs) 

1) to cause to wear out ''1^? HJ? 
he caused uiy flesh to wear out 
Lam.3,4.— 2) to use, to enjoy 
^^3\D'TT. J^PfiS ^^^ work of their 
hands they shall enjoy Is.65,22 — 
3) to pass, to spend (time) T>^\ 
DH^D^ n^tS3 they spend their days 
In happiness Jb.21,13. 

rbi (pi D'":? ; f- ^^^ - p^- ^^''^^ '^'- 

V T 

worn out, old. 
nSa jw. n. of a city ^"I'jgS , which 

T T 

n^a only Ktib p«. pi D^JjIaP B" 
4,4 {for D'^'tM? , see ^TH^) . 

ror^ fright n1n^3 ?l!;;9 ^^^ng °^ ^®''' 
rors, i. e. death Jb.18,14. 

nn*?^ pr^ «• f' 

193 Ch. m. tax. 

^l/s (only c. i>Z. '':jS| or ^R^*??) m 

worn out clothes, rags. 
*nv^g<a*73 pr. n. surname of Dan 
I iel at the Babylonian court. 

^^3 I. m. perdition, annihilation 
I * * 

''*J? nrijp from the pit of perdi- 

I tlon Is 38,17. 

^^3 11. adv. not, no, un-, without 
I Dp5 ^*r5 it does not hold Jb.41, 
18; n^i nfeftl ^*:JJ it yields no 
meal Hos.8,7; T\^^h^ ^'t? unturned 
7,8; ^10.3"^*!? without money Jb. 
31,39; bjf^ ^^? without a name 30, 
8; TJtrn •^'53 l"s.l4,fl without inter- 
mission (prop, he has not ceased); 
with prepositions: n81 ''^W with- 
out knowledge Deut.4,42 a. Jb.35, 
16; iPn '•Sj'p without measure is 
5,H;' rin ^'rj^ fearless Jb.41,25; 
^*?2D because there Is not, for 
want of; with another negative: 
]^S ^'rjon is it because there is 

nJtEk.U,ll; K^i;\ ^S n^&/^?t? 

that he may not find out Kc.3, 
n; ^^3 ia till not, till without; 
>^2 ^V be ause not. 
^^^3 m. farrago, mixed fodder. 

no'hz 60 

nty^^^l f' nothing (from ^S| a. .ID; 

others: band, from Dr|)- 

^j;^^3 m. worthlessness, lowness, 

wickedness; with]9 or C^^fcJ worth- 
ies«i fellow, wicked man;Sy2^5 IJT 
a worthless thing Ps 41,9; some- 
timts with omission of the noun 
modified: '^SI'??^ and the wicked 
2S.23,6.-^; destruction ':'yi!r5''!:M 
the torrents of destruction Ps.18,5. 

bbz {.M- ^'^i) V to mix Dnbq^ h^^^ 

and he mixed L^odder] for the 
asses Jud.l9,2i; pt. p. ]DB^n nSlSj 
mixed with oil Lev.2,5. — 2) to 
confound Dg§{? D^ n!;?;! and let 
us confound there their speech 
Gen. 11,7.— 5) to be moistened ''0^5 
py."? 19^? ^ Ai^ moistoned (i. e. 
anointed) with fre'ih oil Ps 92,11. 
Hithp. fut. h^^2r\\ to mix one- 
self, to mingle with. 
0*93 W. Dl^JJ to biud, lu Lrlu*. 

- T 

to muzzle f s. 32, 9. 
D?3 (l)t. 0^13) to eultivate figs 

- T 

D^^pp^ DS'i2 a cuUivator of syca- 
more-figs Am. 7, 14. 

j;?3 CM j;55:; «»/•. ¥^;) to swal- 
low, to devour, to absorb V2| ^ID 
the wealth which he hath swal- 
lowed Jb.20,15; '•iP'i '•?^?-^S 7,9 

• • • 

till 1 swallow my spittle, i. e. 
for a moment (see V53? below). 

Niph. y!;5J to be destroyed or 
overcome \!^ ]£} ^V*??} they are 
overcome by wine Is 28,7. 

Pu V^?(fut y^i]\mf.vh2) 1) 
to fcwallow up i;recdily; fig. ^@ 

W Tfhy, D^S'S^I the mouth of the 
wicked is greedy for mischief Pr. 
19,28.— 2) to c^ver niS"lS ^«a; i^Sj 
C^1pD"i^g y?3? and they shall 
not come to see when the holy 
things are covered Num 4, 20. 
(Stb. renders VirjJ: when put away; 


Puerst a. Gcsenius: like the du- 
ration of a swallowing, i. e. for 
a moment, there being a similar 
expression in Arabic).— 5) to de- 
stroy DS^3V'^SK? in his wrath hf 
will destroy them Ps.21,10. 

Pu, V^? {fxd. V?^:) to be de- 
stroyed, ruined D'^vlnt? in^N^Dl 
and those that are led by them 
are destroyed ls.9,15; with 7 to 
be ruinous for TjSbIz V^V. 16 lest 
it be ruinous for the king 2S.17. 

mthp, fut, y^JOl to destroy 
oneself, to vanish. 

y^3 C^ V^^\ sf, ^V^2, 7^:5) tn. 1) 
swallowing, thing swallowed. — 
2) destruction (Stb.: cunning) '*r3?1 
yh^ words of destruction tor cun- 

t*'p3 pr. n. 1) a king of Edom.— 

2) a son of Benjamin.— 3) a 
person mentioned in lChr.5,8. — 
4) a town, later called *iyy. 

^17^3 ''a compound of * 

• ■ 

without, except; always with D: 
^T^. ^7.S.'{39 except thy husband 
Num.0,26; V*?y nin VlS^Papn h a vo 
I come up without the Lord's 
will? 2K.18,25; af. n¥^39 ex lept 
mo, besides me Is.43,11. 





n»^3 (same as ^nS^S ; «/*. TiJV^? » 

nr^? , '^ ny*??) i>rep. without, 
■ • • • • I 

except ntng ^^875 except what I 
see myself (i. e. what I see not 
myself) Jb.34,32; ^1^?? except 
thee Geii.41,44j ny*?2 ' Gen. 14,24 
excepting myself, without my be- 
ing concerned; '^'Xii^ *^'^^ ^^^ ^- 
DX^'53 iw. «• V * heathen Syrian 
prophet.— .8;^ a place in Manasseh 

{=nv^2) Jud 1,27). 

• • • 

pt^3 (l^*- ph^3) to waste, to destroy 

nj^Sl^^ 18.24,1 and layeth it waste. f. niJ^JP wasted Neh.2,11. 

thSi F"- w. Icing of Moab. 

I T T 

'«N2^'?3 a. -^It^bS pr. n. king of 


1{y^3 pr. n. m. 

^]^/3 (from 73j i^ odu. not, un- 

■ • • 

Sinp ^p^5 unclean IS.20,26; \*?^5 
nnjj incessantly Is. 14,6; '»;i'75 ng 
until there is not Jb. 14,12; '•n??? 
not to; ^il'?2Q from not, because 
not.— 2) prep. a. conj. except ^p?^ 
Dl»n except this day Gen.21,26; 
D^ ^pfy^ unless Am.3,4; with sf. 
^riSj except me, ^^S? except thee. 

noa (pi niD| , c. nie2 , ^o^oj , 

^0D|; «/■. '•0^5) /". i; height, eleva- 
tion.— 2) heathenish altar or 
temple on an elevated place. — 
3) grave-mound, tomb-hill. 

•JJ33 see to. 

n1C3 iw". n. a city in Moab Num. 

21,19; =hvs rfD| 22,41. 

]a (c. 13 a. 15, poet, ^i^ Gen.49,11, 
1^5 Num.23,18; sf. '•J3, n:?; pi. 
D^j^, c. \j2) m. son, child, descend- 
ant, pupil n3"iW M*13"^H whether a 
son... or a daughter £x.21,31; *1^ 
r\h^ son of a king P8.71,l;nj{ 13 
a male child Jer.20,15; D'^JJ hv DR 

the mother with the children Gen. 
32,12; D^3} ^J? children's children 
(grandchildren) Ex.34,7j IJ)? ^JJ 
the deftcendants of Eber Qen.lO, 
21; K^?^"1J a pupil or disciple of 
a prophet Am.7,14; D^^^JJH '»;!? 
the disciples of the prophets 2K. 
2,3; poet. D^rt^.J< v.? Jb.1,6 or ^A? 
C^R Ps.29,1 descendants of God 
or gjds, i. e. angels: H^fJ. 1§ son 
of the bow, i. e. an arrow Jb.41,20; 
r\fP^ v.? children of the quiver, 
i. e. arrows Lam.3,13; nnc^'ij ^jjj^n 
morning-star, son of the dawn 
Is.l4,12j ei5^'3 \i? sons of the flame, 
i. e. sparks Jb.5,7. — Before the 
names of animals 13 denotes their 
young: D^PBTI? foal of the unicorn 
Ps.29,6; ^If^I'lS young heifer Lev. 
4,3; n^i^a y«""g <Jove 12,6; '\i? 
^V.i 3'oung eagles Pr.30,17; also 
of plants: n^S"13 a fruitful young 
bough Gen.49,22.— 13 also denotes 
close relation to place, time, qual- 
ity and condition: n^3*13 son of 
a house, i. e. one born in a house 
Gen.l5,3;Dnn-\:5 sons of the East, 
i. e. easterners 29,1; Hi^ 13 son 
of one year, i. e. one year old 
Lev.12,6 (before all numerals in- 


«2 Wf2 

r : 

dicating age ]^ signifies: old); *|9 
**^i2 ot the duration of a night, in 
a night Jo8.4,10( ^^n"]:^ valorous 
man IS.14,52; H^lS'l^ wicked man 
18.20,31; nif"]^ one deserving 
death 20,31; nl^H ]^ one deserv- 
ing to be beaten Deut.25,2; ^p.? 


np^Dn those doomed to death Pa. 
I«»ll|'l9^'l? fat, fertile l8.5,l. 

73 Ch. m. only pi. |^J? sons, chil- 
13 pr. n, m. Ps.9,1. 

13 c. of }3 , occurs in several proper 

names, which follow: ^nj^Jl<']^ 
IK.4,12.— ^;^K"1J (son of my dis- 
tress) name given by Rachel to 
her son Benjamin Gen.35,18.~ 
^aria 1K.+,13.- njJVl? IK.4,9.- 
^3n"15 name of three Syrian 
kings.'— DSri-l? Jer 7,3, etc.- ']^ 
h\r\ 2Chr.l7,7.- i:n-]3 lChr.4, 

20.- npn-]| IK 4,10.- ]'»9n5 

gent. "J^lpp^ IS.9,21 or Wn']i 
Jud.3,15; 2S.16,ll;i)i. VP! ^W Jud. 
19,16.— ^91?"I| Gen.19,38 (after- 
wards ]W). 
N33 Ch. see HjJ . 

n33 (r«*. n^w:, l?,:i pt n^a,- p<.i?. 
'^\3|, /•. n;ij?; in/". rl:3, rt^js) i; to 

build, to form, to erect, to raise, 
to establish, to restore.— 2) to 
build on, to cover with buildings 
%in ns 13!J and he built on the 
hill IK.16,24. 

Ntph. n^ij {fut. n; j: ; inf. m^n) 

1) U\ be built, to be established, 
to be restored.-- 2j to get chil- 
dren n|^p ^i^^ ^ "^ay get chil- 
dren by her Gen.16,2. (in this 
sense ru^p is a denom^ from |3 •• 

n33 Ch {inf. ^);^ri, also nyw; 
X • • • • 

pi. pi. \\JS) to build. 
Ithp. «i?0¥ to be built. 
^^33 pr- n. m. (=''J| Kz.2,10). 

B33 (comp. Germ. a. Eng. band) to 
bind, to gird, whence t2Jl3S« 

*33 P^' «• w*- 

• T 

'33 !>**• w. m. 

• « 

ft^3 ^33 P^' w. a place in Dan. 
iT33 f' building, 

n^33 p^' «. w*. 


VT'33 pT' w. w. 

D^33=D;ra,8ee ]^a. 

rp^33 pr- w. i; Benjamin, youngest 

son of Jacob.— 2) tribe of Ben- 
jamin and its territory,* ge/ni. ]^ 

^re: , also ^rp; . 

^33 ^. building. 

13^33 !>**• w- w*. 

D33 Ch. to be angry. 

n»33 pr. n. w. =Kyj5 lChr.9,43. 

nniD3 iw*. w. m. 

^D3 P^' w. m. 

^D3 («/"• ^*'0?) w. unripe or sour 

V I" • 

*1D3 same as 103 . 

VI • ' 

Nr3 a. ny? Cb. i) to search, pt 
j^r 1J8|.— 2) to ask, to pray. 





T11S3, "^^Jja: ^"l»3, "Ti'.a a. 

«"'7JJ3, D^isa) J»rep. i; for, for 
the sake of itS^^j isa for his soul 
Jb.2,4; TllSa V?.80^ he will pray 
for thee Gcn.20,7;" «^n».3 Am.9,10 
for our sake; nl^l?}? 11?? HVJ have 
been for dens (i. e. arc become 
dens) Is.32,14.— 2) through n»5 
\*hryi2 through the window Gon. 
26,8.— 3) about, around, behind 
^183 *^5^ be hath placed a fence 
around me Lam.3,7; ^SJ ]?^ a 
shield around me P8.3,4; "1^5 PJJ 
^'^VA and he closed it behind him 
Gen.7,16; with D : from behind 
^D?S^ ^839 ^rom behind thy veil 
n»3 (M riV,y. ; imp, pi r?3) D to 

T T • • 

boll, to make bubble up Hg^ri D^.p 

W as fire maketh water boil Is. 

64,1.— 2) to desire, to inquire DS 

r^5 ]^^¥W if ye desire, desire Is. 

NipK ng5J to be laid open, to 

be searched out Vjlfiyo ^V:}i bis 

hidden things were laid open Ob.6. 
!|pa Ch. (def. t5jniy3) f. request, 

11573 P*- **• a place in Reuben =1^^? , 

see ]iyp SgS n^a (under n^S). 
*l1j;3 pr- n. i) father of D^^J . — 

2^) another person* 
D^n^I?3 *». pl' (only c. ^O^P? and 

8f, 71''/3W?) terrors. 
TyS !>»•• «- Boaz i) kinsman and 

second husband of Ruth. — 2) name 

of a pillar of Solomon's temple. 
0»3 l/ti<. t:r?:) to trample, to kick 

Deut.32,15; IS.2,20. 

V3 C= V5) w. prayer "HSb^''. ^yj-|(S 
• • • • • 

i^^ ]n^ ITM-DK T no prayer 
availeth when he stretchethout his 
hand, nor a cry for help when he 
sendelh them his calamity Jb.30, 
thou stretchest forth thy hand, and 
when they fallthou wilt bring them 

he!p (i;r^ = ny^ir:). 

Tr3 w. coU. cattle GeD.45,17. 

7»3 l/«<. '^Bf.) 1) to rule, to pos- 
sess. — 2) to marry, to espouse^ 
pt. ^y^3 spouse, husband; pt. p, f 
n^^yj espoused, married woman 
hv^ n!2V3 a man's wife Gen.20,3. 

Niph. 'fut, hv^:^ to be espoused, 
to be taken to wife Pr.30,23. 

^»3 {^hv^; 8f, ^'paa, n^aaj pi 

pi sometimes used as sing.) m. 1) 
possessor, owner, master, lord 
r^l30 ^83 possessor of the house 
Jud.19,22; nitrn Sg3 owner of the 
ox Ex.2 1,28; D^.iJ ^^y,i lords of 
nations Is.l6 8; DDG^ \^a3 posses- 
fe'ors (1. e. inhabitants) of Shechero 

Jud.9,2; D^yn \Sg3 the masters oi 


arrows (i. e. archers) Gen.49,23; 
nioSnn hvj master of the dreams 
(i. e. dreamer) 37,13; pi as sing 
V^r? r\^^) and its owner shall 
takV Ex 22,10; H'^Sm Ec.7,12 its 

• • • • I 

possessor.— 2) one who has vga 
1f)ff he who has hair, i. e. a hairy 
man 2K.1,8) D"'1JT ^S3 one who 
has a cause Ex.24,14; D^^ ^^3 


64 "1»3 

- T 

they who have a covenant with, 
i. e. confederates Gen. 14,1 3; 7^5 
rftSTD one who has cunning, i. e. 
a tricky fellow Pr.24,8; ]^2^^ hv2 
one who has a tongue, i« e. a 
talker Ec.10,11; V^r?P hvi he 
who hath a dispute with me Is. 
50,8; also of animals and inanimate 
objects: «]4§ 'S?3 ^^^^ which has 
wings, i. e. a winged creature, a 
bird Pr.1,17; ni»p'»p SgS ..J^^D a 
threshing-instrument... having 
edges Is.41,15.- 3) one who is 
given to «]S ^S3 a man given to 
anger Pr.22,24; n^fJ^D hvs one 
given to destruction, i. e. a de- 
stroyer 28,9.— 4) husband, spouse 
ntrs Sra the husband of a wo- 
man, a married man Ex.21,3. — 
6) pr, n. supreme god of the Syro- 
Phcnician peoples, name.1 under 
its different aspects: D^H? ^J?3 
(Baal of the Covenant), niit hV2 


(Baal of the Flies, i. e. the keeper 
off of vermin), I^Vp hV2 (Baal of 
the Shame-uncovering\ etc.; pi. 

7r3 occurs In many compound 
names of places, the more im- 
portant of which are: 1| 7j?3 at 
ihefootofHermon. — ]'^Dn'3 where 
king Solomon had a vineyard 
Cant.8,11.— livn '3 in Benjamin.- 
]*D*in '3 near Mount Hermon.— 
p4 '3 in Reuben =I^Pe SgS n''5.- 
D'^yng '3 where David defeated 
the Philistines — ]1SV '2 in Egypt 
(=IIeropoli8). — ^|^f^^ '3 near 

Mount Ephraim.— IDn '3 not far 
from Qibeah=n^g3 lChr.l3,16.~ 

nn^''. tvs 2S.6,2 =nSj;a Jo8.i5,9. 

• • • • • 

7X^3 Ch. m. same as Heb. 75?3: pos- 

sessor, owner, etc. DJJp hv^ lord 
of the council, i. e. chancellor 
nt>»3 f' mistress n)Zn nSsS the 
mistress of the house IK.17,17; 
D^?5*3 rhv,i mistress of sorcery, 
i. e. enchantress Nah.3,4. 

p/Xf3 pr- w. 1) a city in the north 

ofJudah=Sy3nnpa.D''iy:nnf3 . 
—5; a city in the south of Judah 

=r\^i Jos.19,3 a. nnSj ichr.4,29. 

nl'TffS iw. w. a place in the south 

of Judah. 
]3n *?ff3 pr. n. king of Edom. 

i;*l^^»3l»-. n. son of David =yT^B . 

n^9j73 !>'*• w. m. 

C'^rS pr. n. king of the Ammon- 

J1*?ff3 pr- w- a city in Dan. 


NJra pr. n. m. 
njrS pr. n. m. 

nnrs, fTjri) to be on Are, to 
burn, to consume. 

Pi. ^K? ifut n^ii ; tnf, ^r§) i; 

to kindle, to burn IVJ ^Tl'^. ^s 
not sufficient for burning Is.40, 
16.— 2) to destroy, to root out, 
to remove D*3J5- ^9*^85 ye have 
destroyed the vineyard Ls.3,14; 
Vyj ^IXi'^ and ye shall '•oot out 


-^ r 

(or remove) the evil Deut.13,0; 
18| O^na^ and with a spirit of 
destruction ls.4,4. 
Pu. ira (pt lybp) to be kindled. 

"^^V5Q) to kindle, to burn, to de- 

T»3 II. Cfirt. "IWV, jrf. "IKSJ to be- 

come brutish, to be stupid VlVy, 

• ■ • 

^'^55«^- ^^®y shall become brutish 
and foolish Jer.l0,8{ pi.jpi. D''TJJ3 
£z,21,36 brutish men. 
i^ipA. ^V2\ to become stupid. 

T»3 m. stupidity ISS ir^t< a stupid 
~ I" 

man P8.92,7. 


mW /". fire, burning. 

MC^V21 pr. n. king of Israel. 

n^ts^x^s pr. «• w. 

.■• — • w 

nif1B*X?3 1»". ». a city in Manasseh 

T • • V • 

=n1nnV8 lChr.6,56. 
nra A'^JP^. nS5^. to be frightened. 
Pi. ny? (3 fi. f. with «/". ''^ilpg? , 

^npg? ; i>«. /•. with 8f. ?inV39)' to 

frighten, to trouble. 

niTffS f' fright, terror. 
TT : 

Y^ wi. mud, mire. 

nS3 f. swamp; Vnt^yj Ez.57,11 for 

11X3 or n^V| o/f/. Ktib Zch.11,2 for 

n^"?! ^, which 8«e. 

I^lfa Jb.22,24 ace. Fuerst a. Stb. 

same as l^f? gold-ore, but from 
the context it is evident that it 

is from 1« stone: Ijr-^jrn^iyi 

^1B^ nioi : i'»piK D^^nj 1^51 nxi 

• • • ^l^^V? throw the gold into the 
dust uiid the [gold of] Ophir to the 
stones cf the brooks, and the Al- 
migbly will be thy gold (thy 
treasure'... Jb.22,24 a« 25* 

^S3 or. n. w. 

•• •• 

TS3 V w*. (c. I^V?) time of cutting 
grapes, vintage.— 2) adj. =*1^V5 
cut off, inaccessible 1'»V|n nj?: 
the inaccessible ( impregnable ) 
wood Zch.11,2. 

b"i2l (only pi. D^^X3) w. onion, 

T T ^ ' 

/N^S3 !>**■ w. Bezaleel, the artificer 

who executed the works of art 
on the Tabernacle Ex.31,2. 

ni*?S3 pr^ w. m. 

j;?2 (/•««. PX5: ; pt sp J m/". yy?) 

i; to cut off DrX| Am.9,1 for 

DgVJJ cut them off.'— 2) to be 
broken apart ^PJfJl ^i*: they shall 
not break Jo.2,8.— 3) to get gain 
(unrighteously), to rob HS ??^9 
to get gain Ez.22,27. 

Pi. yy? (fut. PX5:) i; to cut off 

V.VVS! n^ip from the thrum he 

• • • 

will cut me off (i. e. he will cut 
off the thread of my life) Is.38, 
12.- 2) to rob ppi T.S?n ^yVSOJ 
and thou didst rob thy neighbors 
by extortion Ez 22,12.— 3) to com- 
plete, to accomplish njS?V5^ ''^^^ 
his hands shall complete it Zch. 
4,9; iniJp^ VSf? he hath accom- 
plished his word Lam.2,17. 
ySS («/". ^VY?) m. unjust gain. 





profit, lucre ?5E^ «;> ho that 
hateth unjust gain Pr.28,16; "HD 
yti what profit is there Ps.30,10. 

p^3 I. to swell up ni5X5 «S TJ^^n 
thy foot did not swell Deut.8,4. 
p);2 II. iaf pX3) m. dough. 
TOX3 P^- w. a place in the plain 

I-: T 

of Judah. 
^^3 C/ttl iVn;) prop, to cut off, 

- T 

hrtnce: 1) to gather grapes; pt 
*1X^3 vintager— ^) to diminish, 
to lessen C'^TH D^ *1V?: he di- 
minisheth (1. e. rcstraineth) the 
spirit of the powerful P8.76,13.— 
3) to fortify, to make inacces- 
sible n-n^V? ^7 a fortified city 
Is.27,10; fig. ninv? Jer.33,3 inac- 
cessible, incomprehensible things. 

Niph. fut. nX|! to be cut off; 
only fig. to be withheld ^X?^. ikh 
nptP ?]PP no design can be with- 
held from thee Jb.42,2. 

Pi. inf. *15f3 to make inacces- 
sible, to fortify. 

1^3 (pl DHP) w. 1) gold-ore Jb. 

22,24.— 2) pr. n. a) a city in 
Reuben, h) a person mentioned 
in lChr7,37. 

m^3 f' I) fence, fold.— 2) pr. n. 
t: t 

fortified city of the Edomites. 
mS3 Ps.9,10 a. 10,1 like n^Ya is 

TT - * • 

regarded by some as a derivative 
from *1V3 to cut off, to deprive, 
and is rendered: privation, want. 

11*l!{3 w*. stronghold. 

rrViZ (pi' i^^'l??) /■. want, lack of 

rain, drought. 
p^3p3 -0 ***• bottle.— 2) pr. n. m 

n^p3p3 pr. n. m. 

nj53p3 pr^ n. m. 

^153 pr. n. o) prince of the tribe of 

■ • # 

Dan. h) a high-priest. 

r^Pl'Ccnly p2. DTP?, c. ''8^3) «•• 
cleft, rent, breach. 

J?p3 (M. ypj}) ; pt. yj?3) i) to split, 

to divide, to rip up; with 3 to 
break through, to invade. — 2) to 
split eggs in brooding, hence; 
to hatch. 

Niph. ypjti {fut. yj:?:) to be split, 
to be broken, to be shattered, to 
burst forth; to be hatched. 

Pe. ^[5.3 (3 pi. ^V^.S\M'Vp^'^ 
t) to cleave, to split, to tear; to 
batch.— 2) to cause to break 
forth niiyp nn ^nVdJI and l will 
cause storms to break forth Ez. 

Fu. y^ {fid. vp.^] ; pt. vp^W) 1) 

to be rent, to be burst open.— 
2) to be stormed nyjjjp *17 a city 
that is stormed Ez.26,'l0. 
Hiph. X;''p.5n 1) to break through, 

to force one*8 way ^.^9"^? S?^'?55^ 
Dilg to force the way to the king 
of Edom 2K.3,26.— 2) to force to 
surrender ^^.7^ njy'^pjjj and we 
shall force her (the city) to sur- 
render to us l8.7,6. 

Hoph. ?j25JI to be forced to sur- 




H'dhp y|13iin to be cleft, to be 

J?p3 w. prop, half (from Pp| to 

divide), hence: half-shekel. 
K»P3 Ch. f, valley. 

T I: • 
n»P3 (c. nSi?? I irf. ni?j5?) /•. valley, 

low plain. 
pp3 I. (pf. pp.?) i; to empty, to 
make waste, to plunder ppj3 HW 
r*?.?? the Lord maketh the land 
waste Is.24,1; Cpi?^^ ^^PR? plun- 
derers have plundered them Nah. 
2,3.— 2) fig. to make void ^0p3^ 
Ty^'!^\ nvrn« and I will make 
void the counsel of Judah Jer. 

Niph. p3j! (/Mf. pis: ; m/". P^^H) 
to be emptied, to become void 

Pi. pp.^3 to lay waste (same as 

pj23 H. (only jp«. pp:3 Ho8.10,l) ace. 

Fuerst: to grow luxuriantly(Ar. [53 
to bloom out); the rendering 'to be 
empty' does not suit the context. 

^Pl I. PI ni?a (/"t**. ni?a; ; inf. ^t?.3) 
to search, to examine, to look 
after, to consider IIa).?^ D^H:? nn« 
to search (or to look) after vows 
Pr.20,25; I^S "h .TH: shall be for 

• • • 

me to consider 2K.16,15; with 2 to 
meditate (Stb.) lS$^ri3 *1i?.3^ to me- 
ditate on his temple Ps.27,4; with 
]^a to distinguish DitD ]"'3 *l[55^. «S 
yi7 1^® shall make no distinction 
between good and bad Lev.27,33; 
with 7 to search, to seek t .. *^p,i\ Hh 
^^^2 shall not seek the hair Lev. 

13,36; with accus. to Inspect, to 
review '•jr^V-Dg ^Ip^K I will re- 
view my sheep Kz.34,12. 

*1p3 Ch. Pa. to search Into, to 

examine.— Itp. to be searched. 

^p3 n. {den. from "IjJ^ , which see) 

to be a herd; only pt. 1pi3 a herds- 
man, a shepherd. 

^p3 111. (/fen. from*1j^:p, which see) 

only Pi. inf. 1p.3^ Ps.27,4 to ap- 
pear or visit every morning; but 
see *1fl^ 1. 

"Ip3 (c. ^pj? ; 8f. ^::ip^) com. coU. 

horned cattle, oxen, cows HB^pQ 
nM five oxen Ex.21,37; n'hv ipi 
sucking cowsj pi D''^^53 Am.6,12. 
151 II calf. 

np3 ipl OniJ?) w. i; momlng n^S; 
*1,:bj evening and morning Ps.55, 
18;np33 n;^>3 Ex.30,7 every morn- 
ing; *Dna?l? I8.33,2 and D^jJ?^ 
Jb.7,18 every morning. — 2) to- 
morrow morning "Ij^^D 1? till next 
morning Jud.5,31.— 3) fig. early, 
soon TJICD y.?i ^^V.3^ satisfy us 
early with thy mercy Ps.90,14. 

nip3 (c. n5}^3) t^&. **. /". searching, 
reviewing i*Tl.y ng*i n3j5.33 as a 
shepherd searcheth (or revieweth) 
his nock Ez.34,12. 

nnp3 f- inquiry, punishment np^ 

•TW there shall be punishment 
Lev. 19,20. 

B*P3 Pi- ^ti ifut. ^p,2] ; pt. trip.3t?' 

1) to seek, to search, to strive, 
to desire.— 2) to require, to de- 

7 It- 

mand e^j^as. 7\yfi iDl I will de- 
mand his blood from thy hand 
Ez.S,l8. — 3) to ask, to pray, to 
beseech 1l2^9i hv ^^2^ to ask for 

his life Est. 7, 7} UN1% n^i?3« 

and we besought our God Ezr.8,23. 

Fu. B^jJJ (fut. a^iap to be sought 

Ez 26,21. * 
n2^S3 /"• request, desire E8t.5,7. 

^3 I. Ch. (8f. n? , nn3 ; pi. ]^«) m. 
^ • • • • 

son ^j^. ^9 son of man Dan.7,13, 
l**'?^^. ^3 Bon of the gods, i. e. an 
angel 3,25; like the Heb. ]?, it ex- 
presses relation to age: ]^jt^ ^2 
pri!? sixty years old Dan.6,1. — 
In Heb. *13 occurs only In poetry 
Pr.31,2. In njnpyj Ps.2,12 the 

word is of doubtful signification. 
This phrase has received various 

interpretations, as: ^kiss the son', 
i. homage to him(Aben Ezra), 
*arm yourselves with purity' (Ra- 
shi, see pP) II. and*f3), 'receive in- 
struction' (Targum), etc. The inter- 
pretation 'kiss the son' is not at all 
suitable, it being plain from the 
context that the words refer to God 
himself, and not to the king whom 
God calls his son (v. 7); the other 
interpretations are obviously 
strained. The word *13 here is per- 
haps an early scribe's error for 13, 
arising from the similarity (since 
the times of Ezra) of the letters 1 
and *1 , so that the phrase probably 
was in"ip?^J signifying 'attach 
to him' (see p^j l. and '5 5;, 
which would admirably suit the 

68 ttna 

T T 

context: ^S^ii nKi;.? ;rn8 nny 

i2 ''Biri'Sj '•llS^S serve the Lord 

with fear, and rejoice with trem- 
bling; attach to him, lest he be 
angry... Blessed are all they that 
put their trust in him Ps.2,1 i a. 12. 

^3 II. m. corn 1|D"nB ]50^"np 

whath hath the straw to do with 
the corn? Jer. 23,28. 
^3 III. Heb. a. Ch. (Ch. def, H^2) 

m. field, open country DTi5 ^O'TK 
*1§3 ^^y. their children become 
strong and grow up in the field 
Jb.39,4; K^l nrn the beasts of the 
field Dan.2,38. 
13 IV. (f. nn^ , pi, m. c. n3) adj, 

1) pure, clear, bright a}{? *13 pure 

of heart Ps.24,4; HljnS nn3 bright 

as the sun Cant6,10.— ^^ chosen, 
select nnnSl'^S K^'^ nia she is the 

chosen of her that bore her Cant. 
6,10.— 3) clean, empty D^p^K Tg? 
^1 DUM without oxen the crib is 
empty Pr. 14, 4 (others : without 
oxen there is no granary of corn; 
see *13 II.). 

^3 , *l^3 m. 1) purity,cleannes8 ''T *i:i 
the purity of my hands Ps. 18,21. — 

2) lye (= nnaj '•63 nb3 ^o^3jn i 

' » • 

cleanse my hands with lye Jb.0,30. 

T T • • " • 

inf, c. i<^3) prop, to cut out, hence, 
to form, to make, to create Gen.1,1; 
Is 65,18; Ps 51,12. 

Niph, Kn?} (inf, K^lf?) to be 
created, to be made D^"]^n3 when 
they were created Gen. 2,4. 

PL Kna i) to cut down ^ilK^a^ 
and thou shalt cut it down Jos. 



17,18; DglniDJ ]rj;j1« K1| cut them 
down with their swords Ez.23,47. — 
jSf) to cut out K)5J T1 and cut out 
a guide- mark £z.21,24 (others: and 
select a place; see ITJ^ I- 
KnS II. ifip/i. inf. K''15n to fatten, 

to be well-fed (akin to iTJ^ II., 
inrhich see). 
Tj^^*^3 see ?lir^ip . 

▼ t: 

nana (only »«. ClSia) m. fat bird 
•. :- 

(capon or goose) 1 K, 5, 3. 

1^2 to hail Is. 32, 19. 


nna m. hatl Ex. 9, 13. 

T T 

ina (pi. D^T13 odj. prop, hail-like, 

hence: sprinkled, spotted, grisled 
Gen. 31, 10; Zch. 6, 3. 

rma (from niS) /•. hall Is. 32. 19 

(according to others inf. of Tl^). 
n^3 pr. n. 1) iChr. 7, 20.—^; place 

•I • 

in the desert of Shur Qen. 16, 14. 
ma I. (imp, pU ^*15) to select, to 

T T • 

choose 1 S. 17, 8. 
n*13 11. (M n^J:) to eat 2S. 13, 6. 


• • ■ • • 

to give to eat Dn.^ ^WMJ and 
give me to eat 26.13,5. 

wna pr» w. w. 

Ona (only pL D^pi*!?) m. colored 
cloth, damask. 

B^nS (pi. D^y^*^3) w. 1) cypress, 
pine.— 2) spear of cypress wood. 

nna (omy pi. d''o^*i|) w. =t5^h3 . 

• • • 

n?^3» ^^*^| /"• food, nourishment 

^{in J5 in my food Ps.69,22; nilj? 
Lam.4,lo is regarded by some as 

Pi. inf of rrnj ii. 

nnna F*. w. a city in Syria. 


nina Ktib ichr.7,31 pr, n. f. 

n'na Krl for nirn? , which see. 
•I- : • 

7n3 w. 1) iron.— 2) iron-tool, 

axe.— 5) fetter. 
^THS P^- **. w. 

^ • • ^ 

1) to flee, to run away, to escape. — 

2) to go through, to pass through 
DT?i|n T^l? KnjS to pass through 
the midst of the boards Ex.36,33. 

Hiph. d'^pin (pt n'';55D) i) to 

put to flight; with Srjj'to drive 
away.— 2) to pass through n^^58 
n5f|5n-^K. nxi^n-jp passing from 
end to end Ex.26,28. 

ma see nni . 

^Dma (for •'pncjai ^cnt. a native 
. . .- 

of cnOS , which see. 

na Jb.37,ll see '•T. 

Nna if ngn? , Ez.34,20 n^-JJ ; pi 

m^ D^^n?, /". niK^?) «*'. fat, 
fattened N^l| tT'^W a fat man Jud. 
^,17; ns^l nlKH? fat in flesh Gen. 
41,2; of ears of grain; full D''^|B*n 
niK^n?n the full ears 7; of food: 
nourishing ngn? i'^JKS his food 
is nourishing Hab.1,16. 

nXna f a thing created; a new 
phenomenon, a novelty. 

T : • 



nna i) a food.— 2) adj. =nKn? 

IB !• • • • 

bair, bolt n^?^ D1q!jT gates and 
bar Dcut.3,5; of the earth: nw^? 
Jon.2,7 its bars (which barricade 
an entrance into its bosom).— 2) 
bar for fastening together ftCn^'J? 
]|?^9n y^t ''B^lpi bars .. for the 
boards of the side of the taber- 
nacle Ex.26,27.— ntmiJ Is. 15,5 
ace. old commentators: its fugi- 
tives; Stb.: its fortified borders. 

n'^ia V adj. fleeting, flying ^^ J tfpj 

the flying serpent Is.27,1; also of 
the serpent as the northern con- 
stellation, the northern dragon Jb. 
26,li5.— 2) n'^n^^ ls.43,14 ace. an- 
cient inttrpreters: in ships; Fuerst 
a. Stb.: bolts, bars (=rD'»^••^5). 

- I'T 

D''*)3 P^' w- of a place. 

• a 

ny^ia pr. n. son of Asher Qen.46, 

T • ! 

17 and of other persons; patr. 

rf*^Z f' covenant, league; with il^J 


to make a covenant. 
irt2 iM- ^15?^ V to kneel, to bow 
nVl^.-'»A?^ njnj: let us kneel be- 
foV the Lord' Ps.95,6; Sg Tj^Jn 
V5^5 and he bowed upon his knees 
2Chr.6,13.— 2) to bless, to praise; 
pt. p. ?|^*13 blessed, praised. 

Niph. T|^5j to be blessed. 

Pi. ^na a. 115 iM. 11?; ; pt 
TO? ; inf. :]15) 1) to bless, to 

praise, to greet. — 2) to curse, to 
blaspheme T|^pi n'^rfh^, ^^J thou 
hast blasphemed God and the king 

Pu. 1\i^ (pt Tj^blJ) to be blessed, 
to be praised. 

Hiph. T|''*]5n to make kneel down 
D'^.e^.n-ng T|:i3.n and he made the 
camels kneel down Oen. 24,11. 

Hithp. Tj^JOn to bless oneself, 
to praise oneself, 
•nna Ch. l) to bow, to kneel; pt. TJl^ 

he bowed Dan.6,11.— 2) to praise; 
pt. p. T]^'35 praised 3,28. 

71*33 (du. D:^15 , c. ^3^? a. ^3-3?) 

f. knee, lap. 

TI^3 Ch. f. knee. 

^l<3*13 pr. n. m. 

• • . IB 

npn^i (c. na-i?, pi n^^? , c.rf^-i?) 

f. 1) bleBslng. — 2) object of 
blessing. --d> present.— 4^ peace 
2K. 1 ,3 1.— 5> pr. n. a^ a person 
lChr.12,3. h) a place 2Ghr. 20,26. 

n^na (c n3:]?,i^nton?) r pond, 

pool Is. 7, 3; Nah. 2,9; Cant.7,5. 
iT3*l3 a. ^T?33 pr. n. 1) father of 

T : VV T. V . 

the prophet Zechariah Zch.1,1.— 
2) son of Zerubbabel 1 Chr.3,20. 

ma Ch. coty. however, yet. 

•• • 

rj*13 P*". w. a place near Kadesh. 

-I" : - 

1?*13 F"- w« king of Sodom. 

^ -,v 

nn3 lChr.7,23 ace. Fuerst: a gift 

(Ar. yin to give). 
p*13 [i^P- P^*l?) to shine, to lighten 

p^3 p^l^ send forth a lightning 
Ps. 144,6! 

p*!^ 1. (c. pi? 5 pi DV.53) »»• ^) 
flash, lightning p*}! Ez.1,13 light- 
ning-flash; Cp^?^ ^'^P thunders 
and lightnings *Ex.l9,16.— 2) 
brightness, glitter ^310 pi3 the 
glitter of my sword Deut 32,41.— 
3) pr.n, commander, who together 
with Deborah defeated the Cana- 

Dipna pr. n. m 

]p*13 (only pi D^JfJlSi m. thorn. 

TO*13 a. riiTlS /■. emerald (a pre- 

cious stone) 
T\2 (pt P' *1^*1?; inf. na'iiJtosep- 

arate, to choose, to select ''0^*^?^ 
D^^*lie»l D^Q and I will separate 
from you the rebellious Ez.20,38; 
rtnn? ]tk^ select (i. e. c oice) 
sheep Neh5,18.~ 2) to cleanse, 
to polish, to purify; pi. p. *1^*1| f*n 
a polished arrow l8.49,2j fig. of 
speech: HJ^I} •^?^ a Pure lan- 
guage Zph.3,Q, as adv, ' V^^ clearly 
Jb.33.— 3) ace. Stb.: to examine 
(see n^S); with af. D\':tS« D"5}b Ec. 
3,18 that Qod may examine them. 

Niph. njj (fut. ^i: ; imp. nSH) 
to keep oneself pur**; pt *1J3 he 
who Is pure. 

Pi- "^15 [inr ^^i with S 115^) 
to purify. 

J9i^^. "Ijn (inf. ^SQM) to cleanse 
(grain) ^2^^ t^'h] rSl.T^ KiS not to 
winnow, nor to cleanse Jcr.4,11,— 

2) to polish, to point cynn n^n 

71. Dtpa 

" T 

polish the arrows 51,11. 

Hithp. nijon (M- "il?0!) to 
show oneself pure "I^IOO *^JJ ^V 
with one who Is pure show thy- 
self pure Ps. 18,27; in 28.22,27 

njnn for injo^i. 

yiP12 pr. n. king of Qomorrah. 

^ni3 see nplng • 

T!ty3 P". w. a brook near Gaza. 

miz^a see r\y»9. 

72?3 1) intr, to boil, to seethe.— 

2) to ripen, to be ripe l^vp^ S;?g 
the harvest is ripe Jo. 1,1 3. 

Pi. h^? {fut, h^i)) tr. to boil, 
to cook, to roast. 

Pu. Sb^? {pt Sb^PP) to be boiled. 

V ■ A p 

Hiph, 9''?^2rT to make ripe, to 

^2^3 (/". n^S??l adj. boiled, cooked. 

.. ,P » » 

075^3 p^' w. w. 

DE^3 (*/". ''Pfe^r) w». balsam-plant. 

T T ^ • 

DE'3a Db^3(j>i.D''tJ^5) m. aromat- 
ic odor, fragrance, spice DC^^ jp^p 
cinnamon of spice (fragrant cin- 
namon'^, D^n n:jj spicy reed Kx. 
30,23; D^C^? '•R^K^ the chief of 
spices Cant 4,14. 

notr3 jw-. n. f, 

- ! T 

]2'*3 P"- w. Bashan, a country on 

the eastern side of the Jordan. 

n3K*3 f shame. 
T : T 

DE*3 (only once Pt for DR13, from 

D12 J to tread upon S-J'Sg DJptf ^3 
your treading upon the poor Am, 

- T 



"iff 2 -P«. *l|?? V to announce, to 
bring glad tidings; pi. li?5P (/. 
^3,^5P) messenger of good news.— 
2) to relate, to tell, to declare. 

HHhp, 1t?30n to be told good 

n^a (c. n^l I i>«. Dn^5) w. i) flesh, 

meat nte^jrrn^ ^*??K3 and they 
shall eat the flesh Ex. 12,8.— 2) 
flesh, body I^J nr^J^ weariness 
of the body Ec.l2,12;'Dn^5 Vfl 
the life of the body (bodily' life) 
Pr.14,30.— 3) living creature (in- 
cluding man) 1j^3 Sj every living 
creature Qen.6,12.— 4) blood-re- | 
lation, kin KH i:i^5 ^^^D^ he is 

• • • 

our brother, our kin; in this sense ' 
especially with 1^?^ (which see): 
1*1^^5 ^H\? his nearest of kin Lev. 

*lfc^3 Ch. w. 1) flesh.— 2) living 

nntyS a. n-Jilr? f. i; giad tidings, 
message rTjB^J B^^« a message- 
bearer 28.18,20.— 2) reward for 
a message rTjfr? I'?"'';^^*? *lff8 who 
[thought] that i should give him 
a reward for the message 28.4,10, 

nf2 (8f, \-??^3 , Dn^l , etc ) f. , 

shame, disgrace; fig. of an idol: 
n^aS ninjrp altars to the shame- 
ful idol (in allusion to the *?J?S) 

na I. (=n:? , from 15 ; af, ^r,? ; pi, 
niJ|, c. nlJ?) /•. i; daughter, fe- 
malo flo8cendant,woman,maidcnlK 
nj ^t< ..JJ whether a sun... or a 

daughter Ex.21,31; nn^l n:§K| as 
the mother is, so is her daughter 
Ez.16,44; rf:}^ D^i| sons and 
daughters Gen.5,5; DTKH niJ? the 
daughters of man, prop, female 
descendants of Adam Q6n.6,2' 

''ffiSO ni:?ij ••jj^ njf ^ a wifb for 

my son from the daughters, i. e, 
maidens, of the Canaanite Qen. 
24,3; of female inhabitants of a 
city or country: D^Sc^n^ rf:? the 
daughters, i. e female inhabi- 
tants, of Jerusalem Cant.1,5; nij? 
f^'JKH the women or female iohab 
itants of the land Gen.34,1; pod. 
of a country or nation: pv i^3 
the daughter of Zion, i. e. Ziun 
Is. 1,8; h^^ nj the daughter of 
Babel, i. e. Babylonia Ps.l37,8j 
''9J?"n3 (he daughter of my people, 
i. e. my people Jtor.14,17; in con- 
nection with cities: environs, vil- 
lage (small places dependent on 
larger being considered as their 
daughtprs): H'tf :^^ n| Gath and 
its villages lChr.18,1; with .1^ 
it expresses the feminane of the 
animal :njSJinn3 the female ostrich 

Lev.11,16, 'pi n:gi ni:5 is.i3,2ij 

fi9' l!y"^3 the pupil of the eye 
Ps.r7,8 (but see nj|); of young 
boughs or shoots (like |5): rf:^ 
l^tr ''^.g nng^ shoots running over 
the fence Gen 49,22.— 2) na also 
expresses relation to age or con- 
dition: D^ripn ns ninety years old 
Gen.17,17 (comp. ]S); TB^H rfJ? 
daughters of song, i. o. singers 
Ec»\2,4.— 3) in proper names; 


T •• 

D^3Tri3 a place near Heahbon.— 
1^3??'^5 wife of Uriah, afterwards 
of David.— g^t^TlS a person men- 
tioned in lChr.3,5. 

n3 n. (pi. CriJ) w*. a measure for 

liquids (of the same capacity as 
ns^K for dry goods). 

nri3 (j^- riins) f. prop, something 

cut off or separated, lience: a 
waste, a desert H^^ ^HfJ^^^jO and 
I will convert it into a waste Is. 
5.6; ninsn ^bc\: the valleys of tlie 
wastes 7.19. 

• K^nSjP'*- ^' 0-) father of Laban 

•• • 

und Rebecca, h) a city in Simeon 
=S^n? Jos.19,4. 

n^^na (c nhn?; jn. nihn?) f. 

T ; . . 

virgin, maiden, bride n^^n? .M^Vini 
.f . • • • • • 

ny5\ ^ ' ty''l<1and the damsel... was 
a virgin whom no man had known 
Gen.24,16; Hjp^k ^^7 Ig^B nSn? a 
maiden that is not betrothed Ex. 

22,15; n'':)^?} hvy^'S .-nhnj? 

like a bride [lamenting] for the 
betrothed of her youth Jo.1,8; 
poet of the Jewish nation: riS^D? 

^.^5?? the virgin of Israel Am. 
5,2; *^5g na nSn? the virgin of 
my people Jer.14,17. 
D'^^^na (c. \Hn3) m. pi virginity. 

• • • 

maidenhood, signs of virginity. 
n^r3 P^' w. daughter of Pharaoh. 

T : • 

mn3 see nn|. 
D^na see n;3. 

• T ' 

D^na see n3 II. 

pnS i^i. to cut asunder ?|pM^ 

D^U^IDJ and they shall cut thee 

asunder with their swords £z. 

^ri3 Pi' f^t. ^Fii) to cut into pieces, 

to divide, 
^na Ch. prep, after (from *lOW3 

=*10R3 after the place). 
*in3 w. 1) what is cut off, a piece, 

V |V 

a part;«^. ^"in? Gen. 15,10; pi. D''^n3 

• • • 

Jer.34,18 a. 19.— 2) a place cut 
through, a cleft I^J ^tlH cleft 
mountains Cant.2,17 (others: the 
mountains of Bether). 
inna t^- w. a ravine on the eastern 
bank of the Jordan. 

3 the third letter of the alphabet, 
called 7B-3 =''91 camel, from its 
original similarity to the form of 
a canieTs neck; as a numeral 
:=3, J=3,000. 

S5 (=^S.4) f^j' proud, haughty. 

• • • 

n^a fM- ^^il : i»f- nhi) to rise. 

to swell, to increase, to grow ^KJ 
D^JBH the waters rose (or swelled) 
Ez47,5; Ke"^-n«^\n can the bul- 
rush grow Jh.H.lh fig, to be great, 
exalted, glorious HK^ T\'Hf he 
gloriously triumphed Ex 15,1. 

nX3 f' pride, haughtiness. 

nW (P^.D'^W.) 0*'. V high, exalted. - 
2) proud, haughty. 

•• • 

TV\Hi (c. XtJBJ) /: 1) elevation, maj- 

esty.— 2) pride, haughtiness, 

D^:>^Na w. trf. (after the form D'^pn-:) 

• • • 

''Sn| Di?^ the year of my redemp- 
lion ls.63,4 see also h^^ 1. 2), 

]lN*a (c- l^K^) m. i) rising, swelling 

Dyi V^i the swelling of the waves 
Jb.38,11; ]iyr\ ]'\H\ the swelling 
of the Jordan Jer.12,5.— 2) high- 
ness, excellence, majesty, glory, 
splendor ^^W *l3n the glory of 
his majesty 18.2,10; *:iK| Sp3 with 
his majestic voice Jb.37,4;' llwS 

ri'JiJPO?^ for excellence and for 
glory l8.4,2.— 3) pride, haugh- 
tiness ]i«| n^B^ ''JjpS before mis- 
fortune [goethj pride Pr.16,18, 

n\Hi 1- i) swelling, rising, mount- 
ing up D^O n^^^i the swelling of 
the se:i Ps.80,10; ]fV niK^ the 
mounting (or rolling) up of 
smoke Is.0,17.— 2) great thing, 
excellent deed TVfV D^Kj he hath 
wrought an excellent thing Is. 
12,5.— 3) excellence, majesty i^^^<^ 
tS^^S he is clothed with majesty 
Ps-93,1. — 4) pride, haughtiness 
n^«;.5 n?! they speak haughtily 

]THi a^lj' proud, haughty; pi D'»ji>:j 
Ps 123,4(KlibD'»}1'''»{il5)thc haughty 

74 bHi 

n?Xa pi- of K'^J , which see. 


h^i 1. (fut. hK): ; imp. hHi ■ ft. h^%, 
^Kia , pZ. D^^gU ; pt. p. h\»l pi. 

n^'pm , c. >^)»i. , sf. ""Irwi) 1) to 

• • . . 

redeem, to repurchase DH tW^I 
VW *^599 and he may redeem 
what his brother hath sold Lev. 
25,25. — 2) to redeem, to deliver, 
to save n^f-nip D^«^ he hath re- 
deemed them from the hand of 
the ad versaryPs. 107,2; dSn4^: n^J^ 
from death will I deliver (save/ 
them Hos.13,14; Sfi^Pl hHj the 
reioemer of Israel 18.49,7; OtH) 
D'»':iK^ there shall walk the re- 
deemed 35,9; r\p\ •'ilKI the Lord's 
redeemed Ps.l07*,2; '»5^«| l8.63,4 
my redeemed (Qes. a. Fuerst: 
my redemption, taking D^^Mj in 


this passage for an abstract 
nounV— 3) to avenge 0^3 'H^ 
the avenger of the blood Deut. 
19,6, whence 7K^3 a kinsman, a 
blood-relative R.3,10 a. 12.— 4) to 
redeem a widowed kinswoman (i.e. 
to marry her when her husband 
died childless) S^^: 3iD Tir.^^row 
if he will redeem (marry) thee, 
well, let him redeem R.3,13. 

Niph. Sk^J {fut. Sri;) to be re^ 
deemed, to redeem oneself. 

h^i II. {fut. hH}]} to defile, to pol- 
lute n.1D^3fl Iffn nS«r. let dark- 
ness and the shadow of death 
defile it Jb.3,5. 

Kiph. *?«« {fut. *?K|:) to be pol- 
luted, to be stained (l9i?M=) ^^8^^ 
D*^3are polluted with blood Is.59.8. 

•?<- ^t?^ to pollute, to profane 
^^^!?W. ^83 wherein have we pol- 
lut'd thee? Mai. 1,7. 

Pi*. ^«J (pe. *?j!liD) to be pol 
luted, to be profaned, to be reject- 
ed as unfit n|n?n-]9 t^p^X and 
they were rejected as unfit from 
the priesthood Ezr.2,62. 

Khph. Tljjr! to pollute, to soil, 

to stain '•n^g;« ''t?^3*:0-^55 

('•n%^n=) and* 1 have stained ali 

my raiments 18.63,3. 

Wth^, ^S^O"? to pollute oneself 

h\k\ *w- defilement, pollution, pro- 

fanation; only j>L c. nj/Tt?»l \}^\ 
the defilements of the priesthood 
rb\M (c. n^K5) f. i) redemption, 

repurchase ^Tw^\ ^Hj? [meansj suf- 
ficlent for his redemption Lev.25, 
26; n^K^n DfiC^lJ the right of re- 
demption Jer.32,7 (for which v. 8 
only n^«|n).— 2) thing to be re- 
deemed ^n^N'rnK r\m Ti'r"*?^^ re- 

deem thou what 1 should redeem 
R.4,6.~ S) kindred, relationship 


m. 1) back, hunch, hump ^?4 /S 
D'»t^in ^B^IQ upon my back have 
ploughmen ploughed Ps.l29,3j of 
inanimate objects: upper part, up- 
per surface DS!?^ ^3 the upper 
surface of the altar Ez.43,13 — 
2) hillock, heap, eminence *1lgn ''51 
heaps of clay Jb.13,12; TjS •»J5i;ij 
2| thou buildedst unto thyself an 

fb n33 

eminence Ee. 16,24 (others: vault, 
booth of harlots); of a shield: 
knob, boss V|jD ^;}j the bosses of 
his bucklers Jb.15,26. — S) rim 
of a wheel; pi. sf. DH'^Si their 
rims IK.7,33.— 4) brow, only pi. 
Vyj? rf31 his eyebrows Lev.14,9 
* (see also n^|). 

33 Ch. «. n''33 for nSI) m. back. 
23 Ktib 2K.25,12 for aU , which see. 


23 ^* ^) A board, a shingle IK.6,0.— 

^) pit, cistern, well Jer.14,3.— 
5) only j}l. D^j;. locust ls.33,4. 

23 Ch. {def. K||) w. pit, den. 

D3 j^''- **• see 3^^ • 

N23 *'*• P^t, cistern, well, lake. 


n23 A only pi. rnaj eyebrows (see 
also 2i 4), 

PI23 (A«t. nar.j pi f. once nrn?:n 

Bz.16,50; m/". n'^| , verb. n. nnn|) 
i^ to be high, elevated, exalted, 
lified up Drn *?J1J naW and ho 
was higher than any of the people 
IS.10,23; Wp na^^nj and her sta- 
ture was (grew up) high Ez.19,11; 
M?^l?3 niK^X nln^. nSJn and the 
Lord of hosts shall be exalted in 
justice Is.5,16; r\r\\ '•J.ll? ^3^ ^^i)l 

• • • • • 

anti his heart was lifted up in 
the ways of the Lord 2Chr.l7,6.- 
2) to be proud, haughty ni^S \7\^ 
pV the daughters of Zion are 
proud ls.3,16, '•^'t HJ^ «S my heart 
was not haughty Ps.l3l,l; 33^3 

ri^'J" - ^^.5^ as high as heaven 
is above the earth P8.103,ll; '\kh\ 

T T 



liy nnj^*? ''pp^n and thou Shalt 
never more be haughty again 

poet. ^n'»5:Q) to make high, to raise 
i^Bty YV' ''^'73W I liave made high 
the" lowly ' tree Ez.17,24; ri^2^B 
Inoe he that maketh high his 
doorPr.17,19.- Before other verbs 
Hiph. supplies the place of an 
adverb: n3S?^ '♦H"?:? who dwelleth 
on high P8.113,5; '^"W ^n-'JS they 
fly high upward Jb.5,7; also with- 
out t\}y , as n^J d'^}l the eagle 
mounteth upward 39,27. 
n^a (only c- •■^3^)^i- proud, haughty 
• D^rS ^3^. ^® ^^0 *^*^^ proud eyes 
Ps. 101,5; on n34 proud in spirit 

in54 ^^ns '"^i^? ^^^: ^^°®® ^®^^^^ 
is like the height of cedars Am. 
2,9; fig. highness, greatness ]i«| 
r\i^^ excellence and greatness Jb. 
40,11; also: haughtiness, pride nj^ 
nn haughtiness of spirit Pr.l6, 
18; *ISK n35 the pride of his wrath- 
fiiines's Ps.10,4; 0^5^? ^^?| the 
h ights of heaven Jb.11,8* 

r!35 (c. 3?| also ^3| ^ ^"^ ®®° '"^Jl ' 

high, tall \i^ ^^ a ^^g^^ mountain 
Jer.3,6; /^^. proud, haughty V^J? 
D\'33J the eyes of the haughty 
Is.5,1'5.— This adjective is also 
used in the sense of a noun: HD^ 
^DD^ the height of his stature 
ISMJ'M njni arrogance 12nn ^H 

nijnj n?n]1 talk no more arro 
gance, i. e. speak no more arro- 
gantly IS.2,3. 
rTliS f' haughtiness, pride. 

^^33 iP^' D^*?^^^) »»• border, boun- 
dary, edge, extemity, territory. 

T : • 

border, territory. 

1133 odj' a- **• roighty, hero, chief 
ni3|n Mf^Bn the mighty ... God Deut. 
10,17; n^SM*?.!?. a mighty king 
Dan.11,3; S^n ^131 a mighty war- 
rior Jud.11,1; T.JT3I a mighty 
hunter Gen.10,9; n^n^a ni3| tr^^ 
the lion, the mightiest among 
beasts Pr.30,30; D^tjn ni3| an up- 
right mighty man 28.22,26; n^^!^} 
];•» n^r\th heroes to drink wine 
l8.5,22; b'^lJjitrn •♦•niaj the chief 
gate-keepers lChr.9,26. 
m^3a (pi. nnUiH /". strength, 
might, mighty deed, victory n^U| 
ncnSt}^ strength for war Is.36,5; 
n^^:? TIP?^ ^^"^I great is thy name 
in might Jer.l0,6;n^y Ig^B ^r\'r\::^i 
the mighty deed that he achieved 
IK.16,27; njn''. ninU| the mighty 
deeds of the Lord Ps.106,2; Sip 
rrjU^ ni^l? the voice of a shout 
of victory Kx.32,18.— H^JU^? Ec. 
10,17 for strenthening (^^S^** 
^0?^3 J^Sl n*lU;? they eat for 
strengthening and not for druken- 
nessl; nnin.i Ps.90,10 great vigor 

of life (Hje* b^y^y ona ^ro^^r^R: 

•mH^C^ CJiDtf riSu:2 DK1 the days 
I of our years are seventy years. 

▼ : 


and if by great vigor of life they 
be eighty...). 

riTfla Ch. /•. might, valor. 

▼ : 

nsa <^j' bald (on the fore part of 
the head.) 

nH33 f' baldness (on the fore part 
of the head) ^nnjJJ *iH ^nnipjj 
on his bald head or on his bald 
forehead Lev. 13,42; fig a bare 
place of cloth on the outer side 

inn33;i i« i'nn^'j? H^n nDDp it is 
• « • '• • • • • 

a decay on its inside or on its 
outside V.55. 

D^I32 P^' ^- & place to the north of 

nj^3| , n^?4 f' prop, curdled milii, 
hence: cheese. 

rna (c. S-ajl ; pi. C^'W) m. cup; 

!• T 


also*, cup of a flower, calix. 
Ti3 wi. master, lord, prince. 

m^33 (c. r\^^i ; «r '^l?l) f' mis- 

tress, lady, queen. 
ty^DS w» Ice, hail, crystal (see 

^^i if^' ^^i)) ^) to draw a boundary, 

to set a landmarli Su^ il^PQ ^*? 
D^Jfe^KT ^S?^ nc^K ™:] thou Shalt 
not remove the landmaric of thy 
neighbor, which they of old time 
have set Deut.19,14.— 2) to bound 
inh'^a^^. ]rX!n the Jordan bound- 
ed it Jos. 18,20; with 3 to border 
on nj-^9^n njq Hamath shall 
border thereon Zch«9,2. 

Hiph. h^?!^ to confine, to set 
bounds toCrh-nK nSs^Hland thou 
Shalt set bounds to the people 
(confine them) £x.l0,12. 

733 pr, n. Phenician city; gent ^h^* 

/33 P^' ^- A mountainous oountry 

inhabited by Edomites, south of 
the Dead Sea. 

h^i see h}^i, 

• m m 

• m 


ffi^aS , n53i f. twisted work n\ff'^^ 

n^j: twisted chains Ex.28,22. 
133 «^i- gibbous, hump-backed. 

P33 (only pi n^}}^i) m. 1) summit, 

peak D^|J5r*1D a mountain of 
[many] peaks Ps.6S,16.— 2) adj. 
hilly, peaked D^^^JI D^^^ peaked 

. , T * 

mountains Ps.68,17. 
J^3S pr. n. a city in Benjamin =^3^ 
ftp;55; =]iP5^ 2S.5,25; in Jud.20, 
10 a. 33 yai and ("pyj ?3^ stand 

for T\V2i . 

■ * 

nrna (pi. ri^pji , c. n^y?^) /•. i) 

T : • • • 

hill, height.— 2) pr. n. Gibeah: a) 

a city in Benjamin lS.13,2=nr54 
Jos.18,28, birth-place of Saul IS. 
10,26, wherefore it is also called 
h^J^ nrjl 11,4 b) a place in 
Judah Jos 15,57. c) Dnr§ nrjJi a 
place in Kphraim. 

]1J/3S P^- w. a city In Benjamin; 
gmt. "ip?^ . 

"p'j^il ♦>*• flower-cup, ball, capsule; 
occurs only once and in an ad- 
verbial sense -V^i nriC^gn th( 
flax was in its flower Ex.9,31. 




T\02i pr- «. see riMJ S o. 

^ • • • • 

133 C^ ^31 ; /'t4i. is::) i; to be 

Strong, mighty 7;n ^*|JJ they grow 
strong in wealth Jb.2l'.7; ^r^^J n3| 
1'lpn mighty is his kindness over 
us P8.117,2; with ]1J to be strong- 
er, mightier.— 2) to prevail, to 
overpower, to conquer '^B'jiS^''. "IJJJ 
and Israel prevailed Ex.17,11; 
1i\7y np^ they overpowered us 
28.11,23; with 3 to predominate 
'l''n§3 13| nnn; Judah predomin- 
ated over his brothers lChr.5,2. — 
3) to increase, to swell ^*1?^*J 
D.^Sn and the waters increased 

Pi, naj (fut, nsi:) to make 
strong, to strengthen, to exert 

strength IIS D'^niSJI and I will 

• • • • 

strengthen thom in the Lord Zch 

10,12; *13d\D''^,^nihe should exert 

• • • 

more strength Ec.10,10. 

Htph. r^n {fut. n^J^:) to exert 
strength, to strengthen ^^Jfe^^^ 
TSy with our tongue will we 
exert strength Ps.l2,5; n'^^S TJ^IH^. 
and he will strengthen the cove- 
nant Dan.9,27 (Fuerst: will make 
the covenant difficult). 

mhp. nsion {fut nsio:) i) to 

strengthen oneself; with 7^ to 
get the victory over n|5n: vyiK hv 
he will get the victory over his 
enemies Is.42,13; with *?g to show 
oneself strong 1^10! ^luV"'?? be 
sboweth himbelf strong against 
the Almighty Jb.15,25.— 2) to 
Increase greatly, to exceedD-Tyyp^ 

^*12j0! ^9 and their sins that they 
have exceeded Jb.36,9. 

133 l" -^i ; c. T^^ ; pi. D^-!9|) rr. 
J) man, male person, husband.-- 
2) mighty man, warrior >^}"*ll^. 
Tj^^^n ^^.}^ gird up like a mighty 
man thy loins Jb.38,3.~ 3) every 
one (like V^H) J^!::. in^pp? 1J^ 
every ono in his course they go 

133 iw. n. m. 

• I • 

^53 (archaic form for *1^^) m. man 
D'»P5 "^ii an upright man Ps.18,26. 
133 Ch. {pi V^ii) m. man. 

133 pr. n. a place =1^??^ Neh.7,25. 

133 Ch. m. strong man, mighty 

?N^133iw- w. one of the seven arch- 

angels Dan.8,16* 
ni33 («/". ""^Ql^^f /".mistress, sover- 

V(v : T , . 

eign lady (=n'V»5|). 
2^33 to become dense, to thicken. 
]ln33 pr- **• a city in Dan. 
33 (c. « ; 8f. 1« ; pi. rf^i) m. top, 

roof; with n loc. ry^ to the roof 

13 »w. V coriander.— 2) pr. n. Ba- 
bylonian god of fortune (Jupiter). 
13 I. t». fortune, good luck (see 

^i ^); ^i^ Qen.30,11 Ktib for K| 
*l^ good luck hath come (others: 
^i? odw. fortunately). 

13 !'• P^- w. i^ son of Jacob, also 
the tribe And it9 territory named 

▼ t: 

after him; gent '^^^ .— 2) a proph- 
et at the time of David. 

T315 Ch. {pi def. Knjni) m. trea- 
▼ t: t . t. 

surer (comp. ^^\i). 
^yii ^* "l-^ll P**' **• a station of the 
Israelites in the desert,* with n 

nni I. {fid, pi, nr) prop. to cut,hence 

(ace. Fuerst): to decide ^^^hv W^; 
p^lX they decide upon the life of 
the righteous Ps.Q4, 22 (others: 
they band themselves together 
against etc., from *T]}| II., which 

Hithp. to cut (or scratch) one- 
self nu-jna ••• nt^jpn and they 
cut themselves... with swords IK. 

^^3 II- to bind together; only Hithp, 

TJ.'^^W to band themselves to- 
geiher, to assemble themselves 
by troops H^^Ol HJi? D^;}^ they 
have assembled themselves by 
troops in a harlot's house Jer.5,7. 

Tia Ch. to cut down KjIj^K Hjl cut 

down the tree Dan.4,11. 

ms (only pi. c. mn^) /: bank of a 



ma see r\:}i nxn . 

ina (pj 0^"^ , c- 'i)V) «. j; cut, 

furrow, ridge 5''^.^*^^ ^DJ smooth- 
ing down her ridges Ps.65,11,— 
2) band, troop (of soldiers or 
plunderers) HH^H ''J5 the men of 
the band 2Chr.25,l3; KJIf ''KX^'' 
in^7 that went out to the host 

79 tjna 

by troops 2Chr.26,ll ;^p 
leaders of troops 28.4,2; poet, "ilj 
inji daughter of troops, i. e. wan- 
dering crowd Mic.4,14; fig. mis- 
fortune, disaster v'j.H^ ^«n; in; 

together come on his troops, 1. e. 
misfortunes Jb.lQ,12. 

mna f- only pi nSlV, incisions 

T : 

or scratches Jer.48,37. 

pi D^Snj , f. nl'?^;) adj great, 
large 9n|n DJH the great sea Num. 
34,6j nHn^ n^y great (or large) 
city Gen.l6,12; of time: long Dl*n 
Sn^ the day is long 29,7 j of the 
voice: loud S"in| S*p a great (loud) 
voice Deut.5,19; of age: elder ^^^ 
h^l^n his elder son Gen. 27, 1; 
D}Bpp$\ D^inie from the greatest 
(oldest) of them to the least 
(youngest) of them Jon.3,y, of 
condition: high, notable, eminent 
Sn|n jnisn the high priest Hag. 
1,1; n^^ljl T\f^ a great (I. e. nota- 
ble) woman 2K.4,8; c. T^rrS'JI 
great in i^indness P8.145,8; S'*Tj 
nyj;n great in counsel Jer.32,19.— 
The feminine form is often used 
as an abstract noun signifying a 
great or proud thing: T]^^^ fl^b^sS 
nb^13 Ik to do a small or a great 
thing Num.22,18; ni*7lnjl .1^1? who 
doeth great things Jb.5,9; ]*^\ffh 
nl'?n^ n^y? the tongue that 

• • • • 

speaketh proud things Ps.lE,^. 

n'pna, n^iii see t\\v. . 

r]?i*qj| (only pi. a'^pri) a. nifin^) m. 

reviling, scorn. 


T : 



nS^na f- revning, scorn. 

nS (in. B'l^f , c. V.7« m. kid, little 

• • • •• 

rvni (only i>z. 8f. ?i:pnj) /^. kid, 

little goat, 
^na (only jpZ. C^jnj) w. i; twisted 

• • • 

threads, tassel, fringe Dout.22,12. 
—2) festoon (an ornament on the 
capitals of pillars) IK.7,17. 

£'♦^'75 m. 1) pile of corn, heap of 

sheaves Ex.22,5.— 2) tomb-hill 

h^l , ^'.ll (M '"^^i: ; pt. Sn|) i; to 

be great Dnpyv n^nj the cry of 
them was great Qen.19,13; p7!3| 
iklj thou art very great Ps.104, 
1.— 2) to become great, to grow 

up n5?J3 *^^f*J ^^^ *h® child grew 
up Qen.21,8; 2}^^ ^:Sl^ he grew 
up with me as with a father Jb. 
31,18 (Stb.).— 3) to be important, 
to be highly valued ...Tit??! nH| 
^rS? thy life was highly valued... 
in my eyes 18.26,24. 

Ft. 731 {^^-Hh inf. S?J) 1) to 
cause to become great, to make 
great, to magnify, to extol ^nS'lJM 
HTVO/and he caused him to become 
exceedingly great 2Chr. 1, 1 ; V^'ll 
*•;?« njn^^ magnify (or extol) the 
Lord with me P8.34,4.— 2) to 
cause to grow, to let grow Dg*p. 
7'Ji'J the rain causeth to grow Is. 
44,14; iB^J^n 18?^ yig SlJ to let 

grow the locks of the hair of his 
head Num.6,5; of children: to bring 
up Dn''i?-n{} \h'^,i\ they bring up 
their children Hos.9,12. 

Pm. pt. 7'J^9 to be brought up. 

Hiph. Sn^n (fut. Sn£) to in^ 

crease, to magnify, to do great 

or proud things nnmn ^^^:N I 

• • • 

will increase the burning pile Ez. 
24,9; n?V TIITO ^liiJSl and thou 
hast magnified thy kindness with 
meGen.19,19; '♦^SD \"D^n:n 1 made 
great works Ec.2,4 ; Hifc^Vi ^H^? 
he hath done great things Jo.2, 
20; D5$V ^1f"7"^PK nK ^KT see 
what great things he hath done 
with you IS. 12,24; "hv iSn^E] 
D3'*lp$ and ye acted proudly a- 
gainst me with your mouth Ez. 
35,13; S^i:,-:! "hv ^^JPD he that 
hateth me hath acted proudly (in- 
solently) against me Ps. 55, 13; 
^p.? '•!2V '^n^'? he hath lifted up 
his heel against me 41,10. 

Hithp, 7l|.pn to magnify one- 
self above, to show oneself great, 
to boast oneself '•nS'l^nni 
^J^^PIjypni I will magnify myself 
and sanctify myself Ez.38,23j 'DK 
iS''Jp-*?J? life'Sn Sn^n: shall the 
saw magnify itself against him 
that shaketh it? Is.10,15. 

T^IS <wO*- becoming great or strong; 
pi. c. I^J ^hl} strong of flesh Ez. 

^15 pr. n. m. 

.. • 

^i5 («/■. ^^71 a. iSn.^) m. greateness, 

talness; fig. might, majesty, exal- 
tation, pride, haughtiness, 
^na see ^nj . 

nb^i f' V greatness, majesty; 2) 

MM • ■ 

great achievement. 
n^^nS a. ^n^Sl5 pr. n. a) vice-roy 

Y» ^ • I • • • 

m • 

of Nebuchadnezzar in Judea. 
h) name of several other persons. 

Pll ifut ni: ; ptp- sn| , pi D^vnp 

to cut off, to hew down, to break, 
to destroy. 

Niph. Pl^J to be cut off, to be 
hewn down, to be broken, to be 

Pi ni {^ 8,?.^ ; fut yiA\ , A 5?,3r.) 
to cut asunder, to break to pieces. 

Pu P15 to be cut down. 

W'TS P^' «• a judge of Israel Jud. 

6,il (also named ^San^) . 
Uy^i pr- n. a place in Benjamin. 


^JJ?n3 pr. n. m. 

ftT3 only Pi. P|ni to revile, to blas- 

^15 (/*«*. ^V)) V to hedge in, to 
enclose.— 2) to repair f^Tg 115 
repairer of the breach Is.5S,12; 
Cnf^ 2K.12,13 masons. 

• • Y • I . , a 

enclosure, fence. — 2) walled 

*TT3 pr. n. a city in Palestine. 

"ITS , 1^1-3 pr. n. o^ a person, h) a 
place on the mount of Judah. 

fl' ^ 

mis {pi- n^^ni a. ninn|,c. ni-ii^) f. 

i^ wall, hedge, fence.— 2) hurdle, 
fold ]KV nni^. sheep-fflds Num. 
32,16.— 3)pr.n. a place in Judah 
=11| n^5 , which see; gent ^0^*7^ 

a. nia . 

PlT^S pr. w. a place in Judah. 

• • • 

D^nlmi pr. n. a place in Judah. 
'-na see n^ni 3. 
ri*n3 f enclosure, wall. 

v:v ; 

nj only Ez 47,13 for H^ valley, 

pl:iin (ace. ancient interpreters 
mis written for Hp. 

nn3 (A**- '"^Di!) to remove illness, 
\o heal nirp D|IJ nn^^ kS he will 
not remove from you your bandage 

nn5/. healing, health a^lJV. 05^ aS, 
nn^ a merry heart causeth good 
health Pr.17,22 (ace. some ancient 
interpreters =n,\4 body; a merry 
heart doeth good to the body). 

*in3 (A**- "^DP?^ to prostrate one- 

13 isf. i^J, TjU, DjJ) w. back ^0><5 
^ U '•tlDN mSb^H and me hast thou 
cast behind thy back 1K.U,9. 

1| Ch. (c. U a. K^5 ; «f. HIJ, W) m. 

inside, midst .15^3 3^0? ^JTO and 
thus was it written therein Ezr. 
5,7; Kl^: K^^ ]P out of the midst 
of the fire Dan.3,26. 

15 (=11 Ilcb.; af. ^11 ^)i) m. 1) back 

>«en-':5 tiij nn.« ^il^r} thou 

hast enst behind thy back all 

««9ti»%.- m^'i-w^s 




my sins 18.38,17.— 2)m\ddU, midst 
^^"J^l V."1P t-liey are driven out 
of the midst (of men) Jb.30,5. 

K13 see ^^ Ch. 

iy to dig, to plough; only pt pi. 

2l5 , ^jiJ (=ai 5) coK. locusts ai:j) 

^Il^il as locusts upon locusts (i. e. 
swarms of locusts) Nah.3,17. 

Jl3 P^' «• <^) prince of Magog, h) de- 
scendant of Reuben lChr.5,4. 

T.3 LM- T^;, i^:»;; «r. ^^T^^p to 

press upon, to attacJt ^5^^^. nnj 
a warlike troop will press upon 
him Gcn.49,19; ^pr n^;Nni but 
he shall attack the rear ib. 

mj f'V lifting up, elevation "^J 
'^nji n^l^nnS^e^^n when they are 
cast down, thou shalt say, There 
is lifting up Jb.22,29.— 2) pride 
np3J nj^D nv^^^ and that he may 
hide pride from man 33,17.— 3) 
body m^p KJfAland it (the weapon) 
cometh out of the body Jb.20,25. 

niH Ch. f. haughtiness. 

Tia Ktib Ez.36 for TlJlU from ^^5, 

which see. 
ty I. 'pret. U; fut. T JM) 1) to fly 
away, to hasten off B^^ri T5 it soon 
hasteneth offP8.90,10.— 2) tr. to 
drive up D^j'rg T^*J and it drove 
up quailsNum.11,31.— AccFuerst 
Niph. V}2 to be gone, to disappear 
"Ijyi ^TiJ^ they shall disappear 
and pass away Nah.1,12 (others 
regard TiJ^ as Niph. of TI|, v/hich 

ty H. (»/: V^il) m. refuge (from mi., 
but see also nj|). 

^Tla (i>2. D^H^^) w. young bird, 

young dove. 
1T12 J^r*- ^- a place in Mesopotamia. 

ny , 07. (intp. '•n^) i) to issue forth 
^e'x1 Dnnp in^W in issuing forth 

• • • 

it came out of the womb (of the 
earth) Jb.38,8.— 2) to bring forth, 
to beget ^njj ^7^n be in pain and 
bring forth Mic.4,10; ]^3P ^n:i nnK 
thou art he who brought me forth 
from the womb Ps 22,10. 

Hiph. n>jn [inf. n^,^n; fid. n\y , 

njjrn) to issue forth, to rush forth 
^'p^*inj? njril and thou issued st 
forth with thy rivers Jb.32,2;0V; 
^^^9"^g nil Jordan will rush to 
his mouth 40,23; iDippp n'»JD he 
rushed forth from his place Jud. 

ny Ch. Aph. njK (pt f. pi. ;n>4ip) 

to break through. 

^13 isf ':h ^.V-S; pi D^U, c. V;5; 8f. 
Tl.*;:^ Ez.36,13 for TJ^liil) m. prop, 
body, hence; nation, tribe, people; 
pi. heathens, non-Jews, gentiles. 

iTia (c. r.lU;i>^ni*l4)/'. body, corpse. 
^ • » . • 

h^i see S^i . 

iT^IS /"• ^) exile, banishment.— 2) 


coU. exiled people, exiles. 
1p)i pr. n. a city In Manasseh. 

yOM tn. pit. 

^jy ^) P*- «• son of Naphtali.— 5) 
pair. lChr.5,15. 


J7T| ifut. VliV, pt. S;;-, inf. V.]i, a. 

724) to expire, to die, to pine 

away, to perish, 
c^y only Hiph. t\^;ri to shut ^BV; 

n^nS^n they win shut the doors 

nsy f' body, corpse. 


c. n3|; imp. nU) i; to dwell, to 
sojourn, to abide, to remain "^f] 
tr35"Dy 2H\ and the wolf shall 
uwell with the sheep l8.11,6; "DV 
^jinj ]2h with Laban have I so- 
JournerGen.32,5i Tj^n^f? nu; "9 
who may dwell in thy tent? Ps. 
15,1; WJN 'lU'l should tarry (or 

• • • 

remain) in ships Jud.5,17; "I^^J 
15;!? and he sojourned in Gerar 
Gen 20,1; »"} Tn^^. kS evil cannot 
abide with thee'P8.5,5; DJjin? n|n 
that sojourneth among you Lev. 
16,30; '•0^3 ^^^ yc that sojourn in 
my house Jb.19,15; njl^^ nn^P^ 
and of her that sojourneth in her 
house Ex.3,22.— 2) to assemble, 
to gather together DMr '•S? ^"1^^; 
the mighty gather together against 
me Ps.59,4; rfon^p nu; they 
gather together for war Ps. 140,3; 
Tjnt} 1-3"^D whosoever assemble 
together against thee Is.54,l5. — 
^"n^Jip Ez.21,17 from njD , which 
HUhp. "ll^^OT -'/^ to sojourn, to 

dwell n$r nniiirit? '•;« np. with 

whom I 8'journ*lK.l7,20.— 2) to 
assemble themselves, to gather 

83 ?3 

together ^? n^O; n'jiJOJ they as- 
semble themselves and thoy re- 
bel against me Hos.7,14*— 'II'^j^OP 
Jer.30,23 from "l^l , which see. 
n^5 II. ifut nu;; imp. r^) 1) to 
fear, to be afraid n^j; ^i^lp let 
them be afraid of him Ps.38,8; 
T^ V.W DJ^ nu be ye afraid of 
the sword Jb. 19,29.— 2) to be con- 
cerned, to be anxious H^J ri^ '^?/ 
]iipb^]3?^^*1^^;iJW about the calves 
of Beth-aven are auxious the in- 
habitants of Samaria Hos.10,5. 

D'^nlJ) m. young animal, a whelp 
(particularly of lions) n.^^g 'IIJI 
a lion's whelp Gen.49,9; pL c. ^l)l 
n^^^K the whelps of lions Jer.51, 
38;^].T:1^5 V'i'tJ •••riP Di even the 
jackals... give su k to their young 
ones Lam.4,3. 

hV2 Tii P^' »*• a city in Arabia. 

^113 (c. ^i^y, pi niSni^) m. i; die, 

lot ^y: I'^'^e: they cast a lot Ps, 
22,19.— 2) a portion that falls to 
one by lot ^S-jijJ >nH nSg come 
up with me into my portion (of 
territory) Jud.1,3. — 3) fig. lot, 
destiny Ti:^p n:? TjHi;! nj this is 
thy lot, the portion of thy meas- 
ures Jer.13,25. 
]1l3 Ktib Jer.2,25 for ]^1| , which 


B^^3 ^- clol, lump (of earth). 

T3 w. i^ shearing, clipping Tl^KV U 

the shearing of thy sheep Deut. 
18,4.— 2) mowing, mown grass 


T : • 

US "^^95 ^*^® '**^ upon mown 

grasp P8.72,6; pi. c. if^^T] \\i the 

king's mowings Am.7,1. 
^3T3 Heb. a. Ch. treasurer; pi Ch. 

p5M Fzr.7,21 (comp. I^n^). 
nT3 to cut, to hew; fig. to form; j?*. 


sf. ^TiJ nriK thou art he who hath 
formed me Ps.71,6 (Stb.). 
nT3 (c. ^li) f- shearing, fleece. 

T ' 

na (fut. b; , »^,m -, pt. t .»> , pi. n^v.i , 

\v.p; imp. f. M^l, f^^i^; inf. 
hi a. tJI) to cut off, to shear. 

Niph. V}^ to be cut off, to be 
extirpated (but see nil I.). 
TT3 pr. n. m. 


n\T3 (from nt|) f. cutting, hewing; 

with ]5^ hewn stone, squared 
stone ri\U \35K hewn stones IK. 
5,31; also without ]5K in a con- 
crete sense: ri^^ ^p§ houses of 
hewn stone Am.5,11; ]'Q0^ njjil"^*' 
n\r| thou Shalt not build it of 
hewn stone Ex 20,25. 

hn ifnt. ^rr. ; pt hn ; pt p. ^n^) 

prop, to cut off, to tear off, hence: 
;; to strip off, to flay D'jiy ^Sy 
Dn\^}?D who strip off their skin 
from them Mic.3,2.— 2) to take 
away, to snatch, to rob "nt< ^J}^} 
*1L9 ri^JDD and he snatched the 
spear out of the hand 2S.23,21j 
S5-4:n"St< rob not the poor Pr. 
22,22{ fig. t2ppp h*\U to rob, i. e. 
to deny right or justice; of heat: 
to consume "^D^p ^h]^) D.rD^ rvy 
}h^ drought and heat consume 
the snow-waters Jb.24,19. 

84 nT3 

Niph. hliji to be robbed; fig. of 
sleep: DH:?^ H^pj their sleep is 
robbed Pr.i,16. " 
7}} (c. /.J,A) w. robbery, robbing 

^•H ^^li] and they practice rob- 
bery Ez.22,29; fig. tO|?^p hii rob- 
bing of right or judgment Ec.5,7. 
nt>Ta (c. rhxi) f, that which has 

T.. • a 

been robbed, plunder "HK i^B^HI 
TO.ID and he shall restore that 
which he hath robbed Lev.5,23,' 
^jyn rQ).\ the plunder of the poor 
QT3 m a kind of locust. 



^3T3 g^i' of an unknown place rttj 
'or ]b lChr.11,34. 
yta (sf. ^V\l , nrr^) w. trunk, stock, 

^-,.,. . T, 

Stem (of a tree). 

-T • 

to cut, to divide e^^D'Dl ITl^ he 
who divided the Red Sea Ps.l3^ 
13j of trees: to cut down, to foil 
D^VJ?5 ^"^If'J and they cut down 
the trees 2k.6,4.— 'litin Is.9,19 and 
he consumeth (others: he snatch- 
eth). — 2) to be cut ofl, destroyed 
]KV n^?Sp 1?! the flock shall be 
cut off from the fold Hab.3,17.— 
5) to decide, to decree IQk Tl^JIJ 
and if thou decide a thing Jb.22,'28! 
Niph. *im 1) to be cutt off, ta- 
ken away, separated, excluded 
D\*n nS^p "tik he was cut off 
(taken away) from the land of 
the living l8.53,8; nU^ TITIJ they 
are cut off from thy hand P8.88, 




6; T]Ti\ D^SIJ "ITJJ he was eeparat- 

• • • 

ed Cexcludid) from the house of 
the Lord 2Chr.26,21.— 2) to he 
undone, to be lost ^H'JO} '^^"VS^ 
I said, I am lost Lani.3,54; ^^^VA 
^j^ we are undone Ez.37,ll.— 5) 
to be decreed, to be determined 
rr'^y ny: nrs nr? what had been 

• • « • • 

decreed concerning her E8t.2,l. 
1!^i Ch. to decide, to determine; j)i. 
pi. def. K^^U the determiners of 

• • • 

fates Dan 4,4. 

^^P' 11^0? to tear itself away, 
to be separated. 

*1T5 I. ipl- D^IU) w». piece, part. 
*1T3 n. jw. w. a Phenician city, 


afterwards in the hands of the 

rntS I. f^j' f' separated, solitary 
nnu pN a solitary land Lev.16,22. 

mti II. Ch. (c. ri^tj) /*. decree, sen- 
tence HK^V WW the decree of the 
Most High Dan.4,*^l. 

r»"^iT3 /". -0 cut of the body, outline, 

figure, form.— J2) separate or se- 
cluded place (of the temple build- 

nTS (Ktib vn^)|)r. n. a people in the 

• • • • 

south of Palestine (ace. Stb. gent, 
probably of IT^. II., which see). 

]1n| tn. (c. ]in^) belly. 

)1n3 8ce ]i^^^ 

^TriH P"' w. servant of the prophet 

ir\i ti»I. n^'rij;. , c ■•^.CU) /•. burning 

coals ^tf ^SrU coals of fire Is. 

10,2; iB^i^r^g'nrfn n^iK D^^ga thou 

rakest coals on his hea^d Pr.25,22. 

rbr}i (sf. ^n^nj) f. same as *?nj; 

proverbially: ^nSnj HK ^2?1 they 

• • • 

will extinguish my coals, (i* e. 
they will destroj' my last off- 
spring) 2S.14,7. 

^^3 1'''- w. m. 

rfN;5 Ktib Ez.6,3,'"Kri rf^NJ; »/•. 
T]\^ifc<V.)com.i) vallej', lowland.— 
2) with the article N^JH pr. n. of 
a place in Moab.— 3) \^ , KV. occur 
in several compound names of 
places: a) D3n '•^ or Djn P:?) -]5 ^i 
a valley south of Jerusalem, where 
children were sacrificed to Moloch 
(called simply KUH). 6) D^B^npn '/? 
in Benjamin, c) ^B-nn?^. V." in 
Zebulun. d) D^^JRH V. a valley 
of mount Abarim.' e) D^-^VD ^^ 
in Benjamin, f) n!?D K^. a valley 
near the Dead Sea. 

T5 (i'^- D^^^) »»• prop, band, hence: 
vein, sinew Htrjn T^ the vein of 
the heap-sinew Gen.32,33; D''T^ 
^IB^JI sinews and flesh Ez 37,8: 
fil. 7\Qyj Sns T}) and like an 
iron sinew is thy neck 18.48,4. 

n^3 see fpii . 
- ,. I 

n^3 i)r n. a place near nSK riyjl* 

]1n^| , ]^n^ J>r. n. i) one of the four 

principal rivers of Eden.— 2) a 
fountain west of Jerusalem. — 

^i 86 

3) ace. Septuagint a name ot ' 
the Nile Jer.2,18 (Fuerst). | 

nn^3 see >m . j 

^ .^ J J ; «wtp. *?^ii , i?Z. ^"7^4) prop, to 

turn oneself round, to dance in 

a circle, hence: to exult, to rejoice 

P^S ^?8^^i;*?M the father of the 

just will greatly rejoice Pr.23,24; 

D^Sc^n^J ^i?':a5 and I will rejoice 
• • • 

over Jerusalem Is.65,19; ^^^0'^ 
^h^i^ vSy and its priests that once 
rejoiced over U Hos.10,5. 

7^J| II. m. 1) exultation, gladness npp^ 

• • • 

^Vl joy an<^ gladness Is. 16, 10; 
^^^i nnpB^ the joy of my glad- 
ness P8.43,4; h'^i h^ ...notr;? hn 

rejoice not...for gladness f Ios.9,1.— 
2) revolution of time, hence: age 
D3^^W 'IPS D^^lb'.D the lads who 

• • • • • • • 

are of your age Dan. 1,10 (in later 
Hebrew 9^ji"]5 a person of the 
same age). 

nS^5 f exultation, 

T • 

rt*5^J see .iS| . 

^ih^i see nhi . 

T3i ^i ^- lime, chalk. 
yi Ch. (def. KT|) m. lime. 
^•^3 KtIb Jb.7,5 for C^U . 

t)| C^ S| ; pi D\^J , c. '•^J) 1) heap, 

hill D'^PJB '"J a heap of stones 
Jos.7,26; %h TyO ^DB^ tbou hast 
made of a city a heap (of ruiow) 


Is.25i2.— 2) wave, billow D^n \^J3 
like the waves of the sea Is.48, 18.— 
3) 75 Cant.4,12 a spring, a foun- 

bl see hb}, . 

• • • I 

"?5 ***• round vessel for oil; sf. H^J 
Zch.4,2 its oil-vessel. 

«^3 see n^^ . 

i^3 *»• barber D^^^^n "lyn a bar- 
ber's razor Kz.5,1. 

ff3^3 p^' «. a mauntain-ridge in 

^3^3 (i?^- D^^4'?J) w. prop, that which 
rolls (from 71?^), hence: i^ wheel 
(of a chariot, of a cistern).— 2) 
rolling, whirling, whirlwind ^ip 
^i*?J3 719?^ the voice of thy thun- 
der was In the whirlwind Ps.77, 
19— 3) whirling dust or chaff 
ng^D v.?*? %%^ like whirling chaff 
before the wind Is.17,13. 

^3^3 Ch. wheel; pi sf. \'liS4^| his 
wheels Dan.7,9. 

^3^3 1) w. wheel; c. InS^J? ^h^ the 
t: • T. . . 

wheel of his wagon 18.28,28.— 2) 
pr, n. a) a city near Jericho, once 
h^^jn n^a Neh.12,29. b) name of 
three other places (Fuerst). 

11^3^3/'. head, skuinn'p^Srnfit n^i: 

and she crushed his skull J i: '19, 
53; fig. head, person rh^^ibib ^[13 
a bekah for every head Ex.38,26: 
Dn^|S^^ D5I5P their number for 
eacJi person lChr.23,3. 

ihi i8f. n^^) w. skin, hideu 

T ▼ 



nbi I. (/W. r\b.r. , ap. "Ji! 1 ; inf. aba. 
•1^^ , c, nnji) prop, to make bare, 
hence: ta lay open, to disc'ose, 
to reveal iTD n|p| he disr'losed 
his secret Am 3, 7: ]]f^'nt^ nS 
7^10?^ he revealed to the eur of 


Samuel (i. e. he communicated to 
him) IS.9,15; 'IIJ^dS Di|K ^SH and 
he openeth their ear to correction 
Jb.36,10; pt. p. ^n| made knriwn, 
published D^tjyrj-'Jj^ ^I^J pub- 
lished to all the nations Est.3,H; 
also: open, unveiled riK5 D^^H'^ ^18 
^^7|n ^igQ the sealed and the open 
deed (document) Jer. 32,14; ^^S^ 
D.^rg with open (unveiled) eyes 

Niph. n^j; ifut. n5^v, mf. n'5p:i 

n^v^H) to be laid open, to be re- 
vealed, to show oneself, to appear 
TJVZ^B^ ^hii thy skirts are laid open 

Jer.13,22; urv^M ^^'^i}) and we will 

* • ■ • 

show ourselves to them IS. 14,8; 

njni-nsi v?« nS|: cne] nor yet 

was the word of God revealed to 
him 3,7; \h}n Tj^na n^gS ...iDNS 
to say... unto those that are in 
darkness, Show yourselves ls.49,9. 

Pi n^J (fut. r:hi) , ap, h:) ; imp. 

L * * * 

ap. 7i) to uncover, to open nTIl? 

n^4 inriK the nakedness of his 

sister hath he uncovered Lev.20, 

17; avii OT HB nln^. Srj and the 
• • • • . . 

Lord opened the eyes of Bileam 
Num.22,31; with hv to lay open, 
to show Tl^.O^tan-Sy n^; he layeth 
open thy sins Lam.4,22. 
Ptt. n^5 to be bared, to be un- 

covered, to be open n^^l Nah.2,8 
she was bared or stripped (others: 
exiled, see nS^ II.); pt f. nnjiri 
n^^P open reproof Pr.27,5. 

mtkp. n^ion ^/w. ap. hjsy^j to 

uncover oneself ^jn*JGen.9,21 and 
he uncovered himself; fig. to re- 
veal or show oneself ^2*J n^?jnn? 
in revealing his heart Pr.18,2. 

nrpl II. (fut. rhi\ , ap. *? jn ; mf. aba. 

il9j , c srh}) 1) to be carried away 
into exile, to wander away, to 
emigrate ^tjg H?^ my people goeth 
into exile ls.5,13; -Srfi SkiI?; hx^ 
iri^lt? and Israel was carried 
away into exile from his own land 
2K.17,23; H.^^^ nS^ ^^^|n Gilgal 
will go away into exile Am.5,5; 
D5?n: ni?| nj? until the carrying 
away of Jerusalem into exile Jer. 
1,3; pt, nj?il (f. n^i^ , pi. m. D^i^Ji: 
an exile, an emigrant nriK vHl 
TjCppS thou art an exile from 
thy place 28.15,19; 7rvc\ rHl an 
exile and outeast Is.49,21; tTKIS 
D7^ at the head of exiles Am.6, 
7.— 2) to depart, to vanish, to 
disappear ^B^jif JD lUJ n4 glory 
is departed from Israel lS.4,21j 
n^lj fi^^B^^ ^^l departed (gone) 
is the mirth of the land 16.24,11; 
iris's h^2\ Sa: the product of his 
house will vanish Jb.20,28. 

Niph. n^^J [fut. ap. S|;, but see 
72J) to depart, to be removed 
' V ^ S?«? ''JP n^;;5 and it is re- 
moved from me as a shepherd's 
tent Is.38,12. 

Vbl 88 


fljpfc. rl^i':^, nSprj (fut. T\hi\, ap. 

'.fj.J) to lead away, to drive (into 

Hoph. n^^n (/•. np^pn , nS^n) to 

be carried away or driven into 
exile] n^^}}2 (for D'^'t^D) Jer. 
40,1 who were carried away. 

to disclose, to reveal. 
nbi see nH:i . 

rt93 l^*"' **• * city in Judah; gent. 

rhl (c. rf2f) f. 1) well, spring rhi 

dJd springs of water Jos. 15,19. — 
2) oil-versel; with art. T\^i^ Zch. 
4,3 (=7b , wiiicli see); fig. of the 
alimentary canal in the human 
organism: ^njn ri2i the golden 
vessel Ec 12,6.— 5^ in architecture: 
r^rsn fhl the rounded parts of 
the capitals (of pillars) IK.7,41. 

^^^5 ipl' D'?^?^ ^'%) »». Idol, 
statue (ace. some interpreters 
=*rS| dung). 

0*173 (from DrJ) w. covering, mantle. 

W^3 (from nSj II.) f, 1) exile, cap- 

tivity. — 2) exiled people, exiles. 

r\ivl Ch. f. exile Kg^Sj V.S exiles 

T\^y to be bare, to be naked, hence: 
Pi. n?^ to make bare, to shear, 
to shave. 

Pu. to be shorn, to be shaved; 
pt. \ iJT. ^n^PP with shaven beards 
HUhp. njlCO to shave oneself. 

]1^^a m. jy plate, tablet (for writ- 
ing).— In later Hebrew: margin 
of a page, a roll.— 2) polished 
plate, mirror. 

• ^ • • . 

1) turning-board (of a folding- 
door) IK.6,34*— 2) ring Cant.5, 
14 a Est.1,6.— .?; circuit, district, 
whence: pr. n. Djliin 7^'p4 district 
of the nations ls.8,32 and def. 
^ v|3 a district in Naphtali, in- 
habited by many heathenish 
peoples Jos.20,7; later S\S| (Gali- 
lee), between Samaria and Sidon. 

rhhl (pl ri^^\Sj|) f. circuit, district, 

Q^?5 P"'' **• a- place in Benjamin. 

n'^3 pr. n. Goliath, a Philistine 

giant killed by David IS.17,4. 
hhl (1 s. 'Txkl , 3 pL. hb^ ; pt h% ; 

~ T • 

m/*. a. mip. 7^ , '?U; imp. also ^J) 

to turn, to roll ]3§n n« ^SJ?J[1 and 

they rolled the stone Qen.20,3; 

fig. ?1^B^KQ ';f^V^ Sji roll upon (i. e. 

commit to) the Lord thy deeds 

Pr.16,3; Tj^^T ;'l-^5? hS^ roll upon 

(commit to) the Lord thy way 

Ps.37,5; ^nD^r. Vr'^S *:'il let him 
« • • • • • 

roll upon (i. e. rely upon) the 
Lord and he will deliver him 

• . . . • • 

I have rolled away (i. e. removed) 
the reproach of Egypt from you 

Niph. *?^JJ {fui. hi\) to be rolled 
together, to roll forward ^Viw^ 
D^PI^n 'IgQSand the heavens will 



▼ T 

T T 

be rolled together like a book- 
roll l8.34,4; D|?^p n:S3 Si:i and 
justice will roll forward like 
water Am. 5,24. 

Pi. redupl, hy>i to roll. 

Ptt. SH: to be rolled; pt. 7\ht?P) 
D^piJ n'?7^^p and a garment rol- 

• • • • • 

led in blood ls.9,4. 

Siph. %:\ (flit ap. h j,.J) to roll 
away ]5«5"n^ ^ i\i and he rol- 
led away the stone 29,10. 

Hithp. SJTilon a. redupl Sj^ipn 
to roll oneself, to throw oneself 
^^"^h?? ^.V^nnS to throw himself (to 
fall) upon us Gen.43,18; HK^ nnfj 
^''l^iO'"? amidst a roaring noise 
they rolled themselves along Jb. 

7'?^ I. w. dung, excrement (see 

Vlso h% 
■J^SCh.m. heaviness (prop, rolling) 

'5^ 13^ a big, heavy stone Ezr.5,8. 
7^i !!• (c. ^^i) m. prop, turn, hence: 


cause, sake; only with 2- ^5W 
«]5J^^ for the sake of Joseph Gen. 
39,5; ^ TI?^9« 30,27 a. f. ?l5?W 
12,13 fcr thy sake; D3*?5;i? Deut. 

• • • 

1,37 for your sake. 
775 m. dung, excrement; sf. I??^ 
Jb20,7ii)«. D^S4,c. <±i Ez.4,12 

• • • • I 

a. 15. (Ace. Fuerst the sing, is p, 
after the form cf tV which has 
the same reduplication in the p(.: 

* • « 


D^3 (A*^- ^^i)^ to wrap, to cover. 

DT'S (*/"• ^075) w. prop. Bomethin 

wrapped together, hence: shape- 
less mass, undeveloped form ^p^^ 
^^^^J? ^^5 "^^ undeveloped form 
(i. e. my embryo) did thy eyes 
see Ps.139,16; in later Hebrew: 
an idiot, a fcol. 

l^Cbi if nniD^I adj. solitary, 


desolate; of a woman: barren, 

yhi Hithp. y^inn to move with 
violence; of a quarrel: to be en- 
kindled t?ia: ano P^JW ^}P^) 
before the quarrel is enkindled, 
leave it ofrPr.17,14; of a person: 
to enrage oneself yhlO\ h'^W^i] 
and every fool enrageth himself 

nV^)il>*^'^*'(^gi*andson of Manasseh 

T ; * 

and another person, patr. ^ny?! .— 
2) Gilead, a province east of the 
Jordan; originally lyS^ Gun.31,48 
(Fuerst a. Stb.). 

ivhi pr, n. see nrS| 2. 

15^73 ace. Stb.: to glide down (Fuerst: 

- T 

to stretch oneself, to lie down) 
IV^i nnp ^trS^E? that glide down 
(descend) from mount Gilead 

Q5 1) conj. also, too, even; DJ ♦•♦D| 

as well .. as; negatively: neither... 
nor; DK DJ , ^J ^1 ©ven when, 
although — 2) adv. yet, however 
■•i^n^p; H^ DJ yet they have not 
prevailed against me Ps.129,2. 

K05 Pi. Kp^ to drink in, to swallow; 

T r 

V I 

poet, of a war-horse: (^"JK W^i) he 
swalloweth the ground Jb.39,24. 
Hiph. K^pjn to give to drink 
k: ^ri}^9;n give me to drink Gen. 

W2i ^- papyrus-plant, bulrush, 

nD3 w. prop, fist, hence: span (a 

*TQ3 m. ace. Stb. probably flst- 


flghtcr (Rashi: dwarf, pigmy); 
only pi Dnsa Ez.27,11. 


^V2i ^' V A weaned child (see 
Sd^).— 2) pr. n. m.— h^^ D^S see 
under n^3. 

bV^i ^' V desert, benefit, recom- 
pense, reward 17 ni^y.^ VT *?1D5 
the desert of his hands shall be 
given him Is.3,li; V*J^Dr^§ all 
his benefits P8.103,2; wilh a^jn 
or D?.tf: to give a reward, to rec- 
ompense Pr.l2,U a. IQ 17. 

H/^Di (j)i. ni7^D5) /. recompense. 


1TD2 w- w. a place in Judah. 

btii I (M ''b^: i pi- ^^i) prop, to 


bring to an end or limit, hence*. 
1) intr. to ripen, to become ripe 
S55 *lg3 the sour grape is ripen- 
ing l8.18,5; tr, to yield ripo fruits 
^1(7.?^ *?DA»J and it yielded ripe 
almonds Num. 17,23.— 2) to wean 
(from the breast); inf. sf. T]7.9|"ny 
iriK until thou have weaned him 
IS.1,23; pi. p. ^yo^ weaned \^^D4 
DTTID those that arc weaned from 
ihe milk Jfl.28.9. 

90 TD3 

Ntph. hriii {fut. h^]) to be 
weaned Spi!! n^jn hj}}} and the 
child grew and was weaned Qen. 
21,8; nrin *?9r nv so soon as the 
child shall be weaned IS.1,22. 

bOi II. {fut. hSCi); pt. hoh to give 

according to desert, to reward, to 
recompense, to benefit r[Tl\ ^jl^lj^^ 
^n?5 Ihe Lord rewarded me ac- 
cording to my righteousness Ps. 

18,21; pn ^Ij'plB^ ^;?'?DJ DK if I have 

• • • • 

recompensed him that was at 
peace with me with evil 7,5; htij 
Ifjn B^^N iB^fij a man of kindness 
benefits his own soul Pr. ll,17j 
with hv to deal beneficently with: 
^^V ^^i ^5 ^or he dealt benefi- 
cently with me P8.13,6 (ace. Stb. 
=^Sy ne| 57,3 he bestoweth his 
care on me), 

703 {pi D^^B^ , c. ^^Qil) com. camel. 
^yCi P^' w. m. 

7N vD3 P**. ». a prince of the tribe 
of Manasseh. 

*1D3 (/ut '10;: ; i>*. "105) 1) to end, 
to cease to be *l^pn "IDI the pions 
have ceased to be Ps.12,2.— 2) to 
accomplish ^yj SdJ^ Hi.T the 
Lord will accomplish for me Ps. 
138,8; >^V nfi'^ h^}l unto God that 
accomplisheth [his goodness] on 
mo 57,3 (Stb.: that bestoweth his 
care on me). 

lai Ch. to perfect; pt. p. 'l^pj the 
perfect Ezr.7,12. 


*1G5 P- »■ V son of Japheth.— 2) 

91 TTi 

•■ T 

people desceDded from Qomer.- 
3) wife of the prophet Hosea. 
n^*lD]| pr. n. w. Jer.29,3. 

Vl^*103 pr. n. w. Jer.36,10. 
IT :- : 

]a (pl- D'^^i) fn. garden ]T};-]3 the 
garden of Eden Gen.245. 

na (A*<- :^'^)) ; j?<. :iy ; pt. p. au^ , 

|){. D^pU^) to purloin, to steal; 
fig. of the wind: to carry off (^DJ 
np^D in^^l as chaff which the 
storm carrieth off Jb.21,I8; with 
accu8. of a person : to deceive 
^^H iiJ^rV! and thou hast deceived 
me Gen.31,27; with 2h: to steal 
into one's heart, to deceive Gen. 
31,26; pt. p. f. c. >0W (for DJi^) 
that which hath been stolen Gen. 

Niph. :iiii (fut. a;4;i to be stolen. 

Pi. 2}: \fut. a^r.) tv^ steal; pt 

^151 ^3129 that steal ny words 
• • • • • 

Jer.23,30j with 37 : to deceive. 

Pu. 2i^ (fut 2i:\\ inf. 2^}) to 
be stole n^il^j^ 2^ I was stolen 
away Gen.40,r5; with hH: to be 
imparted secretly n^^l "^J^l ^Sgl 
and to mc a word was imparted 
secretly Jb.4,12. 

Hithp. 2},irT] to steal throufc;h, 
CO repair to a place by stealth. 

i33 (pl ^^?ii) w. thief. 

nii3 f- something stolen, theft. 


r\2li pr. n. m. 

n33 (=13; pi- n^3J) f. garden. 

nii (=r^n) f. garden v:h, njl nut^ 

Y • • • • 

garden Cant.6,11. 

TJJI to gather in, to hide. 

W3 (only pi c. V.W) m. i; treasury 

^...93 V.}4 the king's treasuries Est. 
3,9.'- 2) chest D'^pin? \y^ chests 
of colored cloth Ez.27,24. 
T33 Ch. w. treasure H!Uri^^a the 
treasure-house Ezr.5,17. 

tjyi ♦». treasure-chamber; pi. sf. 

VJHJ lChr.28,11. 
]33 iiw/l ,1j^) to cover, to protect, 

to shield (with "^^J, Sv). 

i?ii>;i. 1A.?7 (/««. 1A;) to be a 

shield (with ^V over, IV? around). 

^r\ll a. ]1nW l>r. n. m. 

nra («»r- W, m. ng^D to cry, t© 

low (of oxen). 
ilVi pr. n. a place near Jerusalem. 


hVi {fut hv}:] to reject, to abhor, 
to detest (xith the accus. or 2). 

Niph. 7?^^ to be rejected, to be 
cast away. 

Hiph. ^^y;n {fut. h^^Vfi) to cast 
away ^WI «*?! ^iV ^*l^ir his bull 
engenderci h and casteth not away 
(i. e. he does not waste his seed; 
Jb. 21,10. 

^Vi pr. n. m. 

7J/3 w. loathing, aversion. 

- I 

ira /■««• ISr. i imp. ISil ; mf. c. ivi , 
""ly^) to rebuke, to scold, to threat- 
en; with accus.: D^i^ niVil thou 
hast rebuked ruations Ps.9,6i or 
with 3 : i3 ^Vy\ but he will re- 
buke it Is.17,13;* ^5K3 DJ^ '•in'lSJ^ 
and I will rebuke for you the do- 


TT : 



vourer (i e. the destroyer) Mai. 

3,lliJ^^P"*"1« D^S? "^W WMal.2,3 
1 will rebuke unto you the seed , 
(Ges.: I will dtiuy you your har- | 
vests). i 

m»3 ic nVJ , 8f ?irin»3) f rebuke, 
scolding, threatening. I 

&Vi iM ^??^^) to shake, to tremble. 

Pw. B^J?5 (/'ttf C'y'r) to be shaken. 

Hithp a) G^Bjrin to be in com- 

motion, to be shaken, b) B^K^OD 

to totter, to reel. 

^J)i P^' n. a mountain in Ephraim 

tS^84^!?.n5 valleys at the base of 
this mountain 2S 23,30. 

Dnr3 pr. n. m. 
T : - 

t]3 («/*. iSj , pi. c ^gi) w. prop, back, 
hence: i^ high point, top ''P^'ip ^gj 


fl^ij the tops of the height of 
the town Pr.9,3.— 2) fig. body, 
person KV"! iSjJ he shall go out 
with his body, i. e. by himself 
t]a Ch. (pi pea) m. wing. 

]£5 («/•. ^^?i, Pl ^'i^i) /•-, rarely m. 

vine, vino-stock. 
^£3 ^' ^ J^in'^ of strong tree (ace. 

some: cypress,* others: cedar). 
n^1B3 f' brimstone. 

• : T 

*13 P^' of "lU , which see. 

^l isf. Tll^j pi. Dn;., c. ''n;.) m. 
stranger, foreigner, guest. 

IS see nV . 


ia see ^M, l^jl . 

i*l]| m. itch, scurvy. 


hill near Jerusalem. 
■ia"l3 (J>J. on^'Ji) «• berry. 
rr\r\l (only pZ. c. mnni) ^. neck, 

^D*a*^a P'^' w. one of the Canaanitic 

• T : • 

n*13 only Hithp. H^jO? to scratch 

-T ^ • 

ma Pi' nj;. {f^d. nip to kindle, 

TT ^ •'^• 

to provoke, to stir up. 

Hithp, n-j^^n (^M^. n;j|o: , op. 

"^IW to be enraged, to stir one- 
self up HDg^ljS n^^Ol he will stir 
himself up for war Dan. 11,25; 
with 3 : to provoke, to excite, to 
stir up nnm? r.5 ^? for thou 
hast provoked the Lord Je>* 50,24; 
ny^? '"I^IOO HJJ^ why shouldest 
thou excite (meddle with) evill 

2K.i4,iO; npn^ij nj n|00 ^« do 

not stir up a war with them Deut. 
ma f' V cud n'l^n ^^VS those that 

chew the cud Lev. 11,4,— 2) grain 
(weight =20th part of a shekel), 
ina {8f ^i^*1|) w. throat, neck. 

n^*ia /"• shelter, inn. 


pa (=1TJ) Niph. IVA to be cut efT. 

-T '^ 

^na (Ktib ^pj) jjr. n. a people in 
the south of Palestine IS. 27, 8, 
whence ace. some D^H-? ^^ • 


D^T^a pr n- & mountainin Ephraim 
(ace. some from ^1^ , wl>(ch see). 

7^3 ace. Stb. to rummage, to seek 

gropingly, whence: 75*5 a Icit or 
voting-stone (which is drawn by 
groping in the urn). 

'-^^3 Ktib Pr.l9,19 for 'h'iSi . (Stb , 

t; Tl 

like Ges., derives this word from 
the assumed stem h'2^ and he 
renders it: seeking for.) 

Dna C' nyy.plaf. VDn^)m. i;bone; 

fig. strength D^| liDFj a strong- 
boned ass Gen.49,14,-- 2) essence 
of a thing, self rf^rgn Dir'^R 

• • • • 

on the steps themselves 2K.9,13 
(comp, DX^ which signifies 'bone' 
and also ^self). 

D*ia (den. from D^|.) to strip off 

bones; fig. Zph.3,3 of judges who 
are compared to evening-wolves: 
nfJ>S ID-3: i^S they do not strip 
off the bones in the morning, i. e. 
in their avidity they complete 
their preying in the night (others: 
they let nothing remain for the 

PL D15 (fut. D-n;;) to strip off, 
to gnaw nn4! Dri'^O^DV? he will 
Strip off their bones Num 24,8 
(others: break their bones); "DKi 
^D^JTI n^^'JQ and thou shalt gnaw 
its sherds Ez.23,34 (Stb.: thou 
shalt lick clean ; others : thou 
shalt break to pieces). 

0*15 Ch. (pi af. l^.T'Bn^) m. bone. 


— » 

1) open place (before the gate of 
a city).— 2) threshing-floor; fig. 
of the oppression of Israel : "]S 
^J'JI the son of my threshing- 
floor, i. e. the one trodden like 
grain Is 21,10. 
0*13 to be crushed HJ^.Q*? ^t?54 nij^l 

my soul is crushed from longing 
Ps.l 19,20. 

Hiph. D^^n (fut. Dli!) to crush, 
to break. 
yn| (fnt Pl^V, pt.p, 5?n|; inf, t\i) 
t) to withdraw, to diminish \kh 
V^S F'Ti? J^^^' he withdraweth 
not his eyes from the righteous 
Jb.36 7, t^f: I^K ^igt? from it there 
is nothing to be diminished £c. 
3,14 — 2) ace. Gcs- to attract, to 

draw (with ^S) nD;n T]^':^ n^o] 

and thou drawest unto thee wis- 
dom? Jb.15,8 (Eng. Bible: and dost 
thou restrain wisdom to thy- 
self?).— ,9) of a beard: to shear 
nyi<? liJV^?] and every beard is 
shorn Jer.48,37. 

^'ip^' V^i; (fut. v^w , ^ ipl!) 
to be diminished, to be deducted 
7I31SB PlJ^l and it shall be re- 
moved (dec^uctcd) from thy esti- 
mation Lev. 27,18, "Dg^ pnr nj^;; 

^j^JtC why should the name of 
our father be removed Num.27,4. 
PL V^k (fut. pnr) to attract, to 
draw up D^D-''{2.t?: ynj^ he draweth 
up drops of water Jb.36,28. 
tn^ sweep away; sf. DB"J^ Jud.5,21 

he swept them away. 
Tia I- (fut *li^) to draw, to drag 




up to^n^ ^^!P J he draggeth It up 
in his net IIab.1,15. 

Niph. *113 to be drawn, to flow 
away i£3>$ Di"'? n^*1JJ drawn (flow- 
ing) away on the day of his 
wrath Jb.20,28. 

T13 J I- (/^* "^11) to cut, to saw, to 
grind, to chew "li;"^*? n^5 he 
cheweth not ilie cud Lev.11,7. 

Pu. y^Z to be cut off, to be 
sawed; pt. n*l.v93 fliTlJip sawed 
with a saw IK.7,9. 

HUhp. "in^^O'"? to tear, to rag** 
"^n^OP *^88 a raging storm Jer 
30,23 (others render "lll^pp 'con- 
tinning', 'abiding', from ^^ I.). 
^^3 P*- **. a city in Philistia. 


B^n5I.(frome^nJI;»/*.n^15) m. prop. 

V|V ^ '' 

something ground, hence: grits. 
E^na II. m. fruit, produce D^nT ^y, 

VIV ^• 

fruit of the moons (months) Dou . 

\tf^i I. to be crushed, to be ground 

B^nS n. f^' ^^i) ; pt' ^V) to thrust, 
to^ drive, to expel Tj^J^lJ Vi: ""Wri 
^1D8D"^B 1 will drive out before 

• • • • 

thee the Emorite ExM^U; pt p. f. 

n^^na divorced Lev.21,7} cf tho 

sea: to cast up Dgl WD ^triJM 

• • • • • 

IS^ipj. imd its waters cast up mire 
and dirt Ie.57,20; verb. n. tfl^lD 
driving out T3^ nrn^D ]yD^ in 
order to drive it out that it may 
be for a prey Ez.36,5. 

Ntph. ^'^iiipt tr^^i;) to be driven 
or cast out Tj^J"?; 'v^^ 'P^VVi I 

am driven out ft'om before thy 
eyes Jon.2,5; of the sea: to be 
troubled C^^WCJ^S like the troubled 
sea Is.57,20. 

Pu B^^-J (fid, B^.T^V, inf. a imp, 
C^JI^) to drive out, to cast out 
nW DSnS tf n4\ e^m he shall surely 
drive you out from here Ex. 11,1; 
n^tn nwn trnJcast cut this bond- 
woman Gen.21,10; with af ^Cnp^nil 
and thou shalt drive them out 

Pu. V^3i to be driven forth 
OnV?9 ^^i-^ they were driven 
forth from Egypt Ex.12,39. 
E^13 ni. same as l^ V to take hold 

-T ^ 

of, to seize upon, whence n^l-3 
n&n5 (from B^3^ III.) f. extortion, 
robbery (Ges.: expulsion, from 

B^3^ II.) '9S'^SB oyQte^l^ ^on? 

remove your extortions from my 
people Ez.45,9. 

]1B?'13 pr. n. w. Gen.46,11 =0^1^ 

lChr.6,1; gent. •»39'?i? Num.3,23. 
Qfe^*13 P^' w- V son of Moses Ex.2, 

• •• 


22. — 2) another person mentioned 
in Ezr.8,2. 

IKifi P^' **• i) northern district of 
Manasseh. — 2) a kingdom in 
Syria.— 3) a district in the south 
of Palestine 

rain C^, D^^jyvJ ^«^$^. Dt^ if the 
clouds be full of rain Ec.ll,3j 
ri^J31J DC^I rain of beneficence Ps. 
68,10; nj-j^ ""^Vi rains of blessing 

05 JKT 

Ez.34,26; sometimes oupled with 
its synonym "ID^ to emphasize 
its meaning; D.^.|~'10P abundant 
rain Zch.10,1; iW niniJD nVi the 
pouring rains of his strength Jb. 
DVi II. pr. n. m. Neh.2,19 =^D?^5 

DtJfj {den. from DtjA I.) to rain {Kal 

not used). 

Pu.C&} to be rained upon; only 
Ez.22,24 .^^t?^ l^'? M.f^'Jg a land- 
that is not rained upon. (Because 
of the dageshed He some lexicog- 
raphers assume that Tllf^p} is a 
noun with the suffix H'"* its" form 

being D^^ =D^| rain)* 

H^h, D^Q^-jn 10 cause to rain, 
to give rain; pt pi. D^p?^^D Jer. 
14,22 those that give rain. 
DB^S Ch. (»/•. mm , lineal) m. body. 

lOB'a see D^| II. 

]&/ j P^* *»• ^>^ a district in north 
eastern Egypt.— 2) a city in Judab. 

B^2^3 P*'. ^^i (M tS^Wap to grope 
TjJ n^^WS n^?^;: we grope like 
the blind on the wall Is.59,l0. 

nS I- Ipl' rf^4) f. wine-press. 

ri5 II- P*'- **• a city in Philistia; 
with n loc. n^U; gent, ^i?^. 

D^n3 P»". w. a city in Benjamin. 

•I- • 

n^Pii ace. Ges, gent. f. a musical 

instrument of MJ (Fuerst; a music- 
al body of Levites, who had their 
chief seat in the Levitical city 

l^si nx). 

*li13 pr, n. son of Aram Gen. 10,23 

(Fuerst: an Aramean people and 

*7 the fourth letter of the alphabet, 
called rfj^ =^!?,'n door, from its 
original similarity to the trian- 
gualar door of a tent; as a nu- 
meral n=4, =1=4,000. 

N'n CYi.dem.pron. f. this K^-^JIj:? 

in this horn Dan.7,8; K"}"]? NH one 
from the other 7,3; Hl^ KT one 
against the other bfi. 
SK'n (perh. n. njRl) to faint, to 

languish, to pine away HJK^ B^g^ 
soul that languisheth Jer.31,24: 
^iy ^49 n;iB5 V8 my eye lan- 

guisheth from affliction Fs. 88, 10; 
I^P njRlS ^B''pi''->^S] and they 
shall not languish any more Jer. 

ni{<*l f- languish, fear. 
11^K*1 A pining, faintness. 
3«T see n . 

T ^ 

3«T {fut. J«T.) to be troubled; with 

- T 

accu8. or ]9 : to fear i1^8*1 ^DTlfJ 
whom dost thou fear? Is. 57,1 1; 
^nKBDD :K"3K 1 fear because of 
my sins Ps.38,19; with 7: to bfl 

anxious ^^S JIKT) and he will be 
anxious about us IS.0,5. 

31^1 pr. n. an Edomite lS.21,8=:i.\n 
Ktib 22,18. 

n:X1 A anxiety, fear nnni} n^^-V? 

TT : T r • • . 

for fear of the thing Jos.22,24. 

nN"! (fM^ n^T., ai). k;!;.) to ny, 
to' nit, to soar nn ^sjr^g ^nn 

and ho flitted on the wings of the 
wind Ps.l8,ll. 
nK*1 f- hird of prey, vulture. 

T T 

^X^ see *li*1 pr. n. 

i'n, iil Tpl. D^?"!) com. bear, she- 

^^ Ch. same as Heb. 

NiT (from KJT =^T to flow) m. 
affluence; occurs only Deut.33,25 
with 8f. T1855 T?;?^ as thy days, 
so shall thy affludnce be (others: 
as thy young age, so shall thy 
old age be). 

DD*1 Po. M^T to cause to speak, 

to^make talkative D'»;tf\^0??^ ^^J^T 
making talkative the lips of those 
that are asleep Gant.7,10. 
713*1 f' talJ^i 6^^^ report, slander 

T • 

UV n3T a talk of the people Ez. 
36,3j (^IKH nST ^H'Vl and they 
brought up an evil report of the 
land Num.13,32; D^§Ti^^ -^S^J 
ny^ and he brought... an evil re- 
port of them Gen.37,2. 

min'l (i>^. D^'^l) f' bee. 
T : 

n*l*j^*T| pr. n. jy nurse of Rebecca.— 


2) prophetess and Judge of Israel 

96 pa'j 

n^l Ch. to sacrifice; pt. pi. "lOB 
pnjT^T the place where they 
were sacrificing Ezr.6,3. 

nDI (pl- ^^5^) »^- sacrifice. 

]Va*n (only pL D^r.^Jl) m. dung, 

excrements of doves (ace. Puerst 
from nj^ after the form Jl^^l? i 
]^^?Si older Jewish interpreters: 
=n"»"jV ^>T the flux of doves). 

^^;l*^ I. w. innermost part of the 

temple, the holy of holies. 

Ti*1 n. pr. n. 1) a Phenician king.— 

2) a Phenician city, formerly 
called ngR-niip Jud.1,11 cr'niip 
n^D Jos.15,49; see also IJl . 

• • 

rhy^ (c. nSai; pi. D^'tjH /•. cake 

L L 

of figs, a lump Tny\ Vo^ a piece 
of a cake of figs IS.30,12; ilS^T 
D^JSO a lump of figs 2K.20,7. 

n*?3*n f. a city on the northern 

border of Palestine Kz.6,14 (prob- 
ably =n^5T Jer.52,9). 

D^*?DT P^' w. m. 


D^P*?D*n l>^. «. a city in MoaL. 

«-T : 

^P5T, '^^pf?.^; fuf. P3T; inf, 
•^iv??) ^i^b 3 , S or ^S : to cleave, 
to stick, to cling, to adhere, to 
be attached; with ^IQW : to fol- 
low close after; with acais.: to 
overtake, to catch nrnn '>ip_y\ri ]fl 
lest some evil overtake me Gen. 

Pu. pan iftU. pan:) to be strong- 
ly attached. 


97 la-i 

flip*. p>?li? (fwt. pST) with htt ; 
to cause to cleave, to make ad- 
here; with '"TUS ■• to pursue, to 


follow close after; with accus.: to 
overtake nog^^in HDn'rJjn the 
battle overtook him Jud.20,42. 

Hoph. pSU^ to be attached, to 
cleave; pt Wp^^D PJIP ^r^) my 
tongue cleaveth to my palate Ps. 

p21 Ch. to cleave, to stick. 

pa^ (f- ngJT ; pi m, D^p31) ado. 

cleaving, attached to (with h or 2). 

Ml m. welding, soldering, union; 

i>i.' D^p-5T IK.22,34 joints of a coat 
of mail. 

nai I. (pt ^y^ , i>*. onj^ , r. n^nji , 

- T • • 

pt. p. *151) same as Pi.; to speak 
T^^S "^J^ ^i8 *15*8 that I speak unto 
thee Ex.6,29; ^5 *li}^D 1«^©l! the 
angel that spoke with me Zch.l, 
9; '•irSl ^y V\ D^l^^n those that 
speak evil against my soul Ps. 
109,20; DH'^ri D? Di^^ ''niT who 

• • • 

speak peace with their neighbors 
28,3: V:S«-Sy n^l *im a word 

' T : T - Tt T T 

spoken in a prop«T manner Pr. 
25,1 1; once verb. n. with sf. and prep. 
^!?J?19 Ps.51,6 in thy speaking. 

I • • • • 

Niph. in^ t) speak to one 
another, to converse. 

Pi. -151 (M. 131: ; pt. nsiP, f- 

TO31P; imp. a. mf. Sjl, "151) to 

• • • • I • 

Speak; with 7N : to speak to tT[yv\ 
lyK and thou shalt speak to him 
Ex.4,15; with 7g : t ^ speak concern- 
ing ^n'jnK-^r i'J-njnS to speak to 

• • • • 

him concerning Adoniah 1I{ 2,19; 
with 2\ to speak concerning or 
against ''i^'^^K T]? "^SIS 1 will 
speak concerning thee to my 
father 18.19,3; Tjaj ^^.3 \y^y\ we 
spoke against the Lord and against 
thee Num.27,7; with aVSy : 
to speak kindly or persuasively 
^TS.¥1 A^"^8 "ISTJ and he spoke 
kindly unto the maiden Qen.31,3; 
with aSf aJj-DV, n^-Sg: to think 
Ec.2,15; i,16;Gen.2M5; with tSgri?: 
to call to account Jer.39,5; with 
"V^-. to utter, to sing a song 

P... 15? (fvt. I3i: ; pt. ir-?> 

to be spoken; to be wooed DVJ 
nS *^31\^ on the day when she 
will be spoken for (wo ed) Cant. 

8,8; T]a nan? nnj?; glorious 

things are spoken of theePs.87,3. 
Hithp. to converse, to speak; only 

pt. nsip (for naiop) Ez 2,2 (yep.?; 

^^S *^339 ^8 and 1 heard him 
that cqn versed with me), 

*13'n II. to drive (herds), to drive 

- T 

along (raftsV to lead (comp. Talm. 
nST, ^yyyi^ leader): fig. to drive 

• • • • • 

away, to snatch away, to destroy, 

Pi. 131 to exterminate "ISDHJ 
nj^CSn ynj *?5-n«. ani she ex- 
terminated all the royal seed 

Hiph. T^-jH {fut. ap. nsi:) to 
subdue ^nnno^tja 13 V^ and he 
subdueth nations under me 


T T 



t: • 

1:1^ (c. la-j; pi. nnjT, c. n?n) m. 

1) word, speech njTDy?9«X:.>^*? 
a word shall not proceed out of 
yuur mouth Jos.6,10: Dnn« Dn^l 
the same words (laDguage) Gen. 
11,1; '•pig Dnjl B^'W «^ 1 am not 
a man of words Ex.4,10; IJT ]iaj 
Intelligent in speech IS.16,18.— 
H) report, news I^B n jp .TH ilDK 
*^yO^ true was the report that 
I heard IK.10,6.— 5; answer a^B^D 
*1JT he who returneth an answer 
Pr. 18,13.- 4) order, command, 
commandment nO^D njT NT. let 
there go forth a royal order Est. 
1,19; Dnj-in ni5?5? the ten com- 

• • • • • 

mandments Deut.4,13.— 5) thing, 
something, anything "11JH "^J^"^? 
C*(<f 2*^3^ anything that cometh 
into the fire Num.31,23; nj -J nnj? 

• • • • 

something shameful (literally: 
shame of something) Dcut.24,1; 

anjn rh'^hv. Deut.22,14 charge of 

• • • 

the commission of something, i. c. 
accusation (see HT^lDj HD'^JT 
Num.23,3 anything which; with a 
negative particle; *1Il^ ]''8 it is 
nothing Mum 20,19{ *1}T ^tS^gn-^K 
do nothing Gen.19,18; *1JT tki Am. 
6,13 thing of naught, insignificant 
thing.— 6) matter, affair ^S IJT 
T.?R ^ h&ve a matter for thee 
IK.2,14; niJ^rHjn ^:i5T the matter 
of the asses IS.10,2.— 7) cause, 
law-suit D^"35T ^525 f^n© who hath 
a cause Ex.24,14.— 8) event, oc- 
currence nonSljn ^t15T t^^e events 
of the war 28.11,18; D^'IJiH '•I^^T 
the events of the days {i. e. chron- 

icles) IK. 15,7.— 9) course, or- 
der (before words denoting time) 
n3C^5 n^5^"15T the course of every 
year, i. e. yearly 2Chr.9,24; "HJI 
toi^2 Di'' the order of every day, 
i. e." daily Ex.5,13-— 10) jnin-^d 
to rJ: because of, on account of, 
for the sake of n^ IJT^J? bo- 
cause of Sarai Gen 12,17:D5naTSv 

• • 

f.>r your salves Deut4,21j before 
a verb with additon of nc*K : be- 
cause nwrt^S -1SJ« -13T"^i? be- 
cause she cried not Deut.22,24. 

13*1 (from 13T 11.) m. destructit)n, 

V IV ^ ' 

p stilence, plague; pi. ^/'.Tinj-j \nK 
n.JO where are thy plagues, 
death* Hos.13,14. 

li*1 m. prop, a place to which 
herds are driven (see *13*1 II.), 
whence: pasture or sheep-fold 

(inan=) injnn Tjinj -nr.? a sa flocic 

in the midst of it3 pasture (or 

fold) Mic.2,i2j D^jn? D''?^a? ^yni 

(Dp3npj)=) and the sheep shall 
feed as on their pasture (others: 
after their manner\ 

12T f*ee T^l II. <2j only with n loc, 

• • • 

n^JT Jos. 15,6. 

• • 

131 J©r.5,13acc. Fuerst: the speak- 
.» • 

er, i. e. the spirit of God speak- 
ing through the prophets (others: 
the word). 

ni31 f' utterance; only pi with 

8f. a. pref. Tl^d"l?19 ^f) shall 
receive of thy utterancesDeut.33,3. 

ni31 (c. rn^l; sf. ^nnpn) /". V 

cause (Stb.: speech) D^■1Sg•'^« 



T T 

^0*551 DTIJ unto God would I 
commit my cause (or : would I 
address my speech) Jl).5,8. — 2) 
manner, order P1X"''9^5 ^O^?!"'^? 
after the order of Melchizedek 
Ps.l 10,4 OO^JT is an ancient form 
for c. niJl). — 5^ ground, reason; 
with ^g: because of, on account 
of, in regard of ni?^3?^ nn^T hv 
D^'"? .t? in regard of the oath of 
God Ec.8,2) with the addition of 
^ to the next word: in order that 
nngn KVD: Hh^ nnprSl? in order 
that man should not find 7,14. 

m^T Ch. (c. nn^l) f. cause 'hv 

T ril51 in order that Dan.2,30. 

mn*=I (only pi. nnjn) f. prop. 

driving (from ^ij 11.), hence: a 

nin^ see nnim. 
mi"i see n^?n . 

VI V • • 

mDI pr- n. a city in Issachar (ace. 
Fuerst =n^3nn Jos.19,20). 

E^Dl to be slimy, to be fleshy 

B^i'H {sf. '^VyV ^' honey (prop. 

"• • • 

something slimy) &*3TC]^V honey- 
comb Pr.16,24. 

nZ^B'n V prop, a lump of flesh, 

V IV - 

hence: hump (of a camel).— 2) 
pr. n. a place in Zebulun. 

31 (once :i«5 Neh.13,16; pi D^:^, 

c. "•J'l) m. flsh. 
n:i (c. nai; »/•. DOil) ^. flsh (col- 


nyi t.<> grow, to increase, to mul- 

T T 

tiply (whence JT, H^^ flsh, be- 
cause of its great power of mul- 
tiplication) i'nS ^JTJ and let them 

• • • 

grow into a multitude Gen.48,16. 

113*^ P^' **• go*^ of the Philistines 
(in the form of a flsh with head 
and hands of a man). 

^31 {den, from hn banner; fut. VjT) 

to set up a banner ^rr] tj* Dtr^ 
7jnj in the name of our God will 
we set up a banner Ps 20,6; pt. p. 
7W celebrated, distinguished '^UT 
nf3*lD distinguished among a 
myriad Cant.5,10. 
N^. ?11} to be equipped with 

banners n^'^^njs ntp'K terrible as 
bannered l:(.b s Cant. 6, 4; ace. 
some n1?il*!j female warriors^ 


V|V • ^ • • 

banner, standard, flag. 
]y^ (c. ]i1 ; 8f. '•^4']) m. corn, grain, 

bread (from Tifl to grow). 

*U*^ to gather, to hatch eggs K^p 

■^5: ^^1 (*ia=) "^W as a cuclioo 
that hatcheth eggs which he hath 
not laid Jer 17,11; H^V? H'J^T and 
it shall gather its eggs under its 
shadow Is 34,15. 

11 (du. d:t! , c. nn ; 8f. nnn , rj^nn) 

m. breast, teat, 
mi (ace. Stb. akin to *1T^) only 

mhp. fxd. 1 n"33w (for npo?) to 

move, to walk, to wander TVVl}^ 

L * * 

^0^:e^"75 I shall wander all my 




years 18.38,15; with af. to wander 

with d\'3Sk n'^g-nj? d^w i would 

• • • 

walk with them to the house of 
God Ps.42,5. 
Vlr\ P^' » V grandson of Cush, 

head of a tribe which settled in 
eastern Arabia at the Persian 
gulf, and carried on commerce 
from that gulf to Tyrej =n)T\ Ez. 

• • • 

25,13— 2) a descendant of Abra- 
ham by Keturah and founder of a 
tribe in northern Arabia. 

H^J^T P*. n. a Qreek tribe descend- 

• T ■ ■-* 

ed from Javan Gen.10,4; =D^:n1l 
in*!] &h. (dc/*. Kjq3) w. gold. 

HVT=T Ktib Ez'.4,9 for t^^HJ pr. n. 

••T V ^ • 

of a people. 
taiTH (ace. Stb. akin to Dil a. DD^) 

— T ■ 

JWp/i.DnH ipt, D^^^) to grow dumb, 

• • • 

to be stupefied, to be perplexed. 
TH*^ (only pt. *ir)1) to run, to gal- 

- T 


nnri'n (omy pi c n^iqn) f. gaiiop. 

3K11 see :iHl. 

yf^ Hiph. ^nn to cause anguish; 
only pt B^gj n^^nP that cause 
anguish of the soul Lev.26,16. 

jn a. J^l (den. from ^iT) to fish 
DU^l^ and they shall fish them 
(catch them like fish) Jer 16,16. 

in Ktib Jer.16,16 for :in, which 

fljn f. fishing, fishery T\m nn'^p 

T ' 

fishing vessels Am.4,2. . 
*T!n ace. Ges. jy =Syriac nn, Heb. 

"T^T to agitate, to boil, whence 
nn a pot, a kettle.— 2) =nT to 
love, whence TT , D'^fcjnn , etc. 

relation, uncle; il"]3 nephew — 
-2^ one beloved, friend Cant.6,8. — 
3) pi, Dnil love D^T ^3l?9 couch 
of love Ez.23,17 dWi np.J let us 
enjoy love Pr.7,18. 

nn *w. i) pot, kettle D^B^ "IH a 

seething pot\ pi. D^ljl.— -2) basket; 

i?L Dnn 2K.10,7 or D'»tjnn Jer. 

1T\y T'1'3 iw*. n. king of Israel and 

Psalmist 1 S. 16, 13; Am. 0, 11. 
D^Kn^"! *ra- pl' i) mandrakes Gen. 

• T 

30,14; Cant.7,14 (lexicographer? 
assume ^IH as the sing,).^ 2) one 
of the pl forms of nn 2: "^^rn 
D^pKO baskets of figs Jer. 24, 1. 
ni1r\ f- (from m. nil) auntBx.6,20. 

nn f r. n. m. I Chr. 1 1, 12=Ktib ''T1 

2 S l3, 9. 
Vinn K- «. 2 Chr. 20, 37. 


nTn (Ges.=a«3 to languish, Stb. 

TT ^ » » 

=Ki5 10 flow) to be ill, to be 

sick (of a woman during her 
menses); verb. n. */'. H^iT n3J the 

separation during her illness Lev. 
12,2 (non-suffixed form nn). 

mi (/■• ni5) a<^-, sick, 111 «5^ ni^ 

our heart is sick Lam.5,17; of a 
woman during her menses: HIT 
nfl^^5 who is ill in her separa- 
tion Lev.15,33. 

nn t akin to nnn , nn^) Hiph. n^y?, 

{f%U. n^V) i) to expel, to drive 




out ^JO^IO be drove me out Jer. 

•iT "V; 

51,34 — 2) to wash off, to cleanse, 
to purge n^V5'i^>5 ^n^lj. D^ where 
they washed off the burnt-offer- 
ings Ez.40.38; CT nh^^^\ ^BT 
n^*1j^tp and he shall purge the 
blood of Jerusalem from her midst 

^I'n , ^ ^n (c. '•n) m. Jf) sickness, 
Illness ^jn tr-ny bed of illness Ps. 
41,4.— 2) putridity, rottenness 
(Puerst) '•rjcfe Ml? Jb 6,6 as pu- 
tridity in my food (i. e. loath- 
some to me). 

^^r[ adj' sick, ill ^H '•3^] and my 

heart i3 sick Lam. 1,22. 
yn see J^T . 
TH see nin . 

• T ^ 

Tjn (akin to njj *» 1^^*- =15* '^ crush, 
to beat, to pound njltji ^3T pound- 
ed in a mortar Num.1 1,8. See 
also T]3. 

fTB^O^I f an unclean bird men- 

tioned in Lev.11,19: hoopoe or 

a^-n (=085) ^^ *^® silent. 

nD^*l f' silence, stillness; poet. 

realm of silence HDH '•1*]^'' those 
who go down into the realm of 
silence (i. e. death) Ps.l 15,17. 

nO^T 1^. *». -0 son of Ishmael and 

an Arabian tribe named after 
him — 2) & city in Judah. 

n*Dn 1 njP*? adj, f. prop, silent, 
hence: trusting in silence, hop- 
ing, waiting 'VPi •'5^9^^ D^1^ft"^« 

in Qod my soul is trusting Pa 
62,2; n^no nnjn T]^ for thee praise 
is waiting 65,2;* as adv. in silence 
.Tl?n '•PP2W I was damb in si I- 
ence (i. e resignedly) 39,3. 

DDT1 odj. silent, dumbD^jn |^^ the 

dumb stone Hab.2,10; as adv.: in 
silence DDH '^l}^ sit thou in si 
lence Is.47,5; D^ni S**!!;] ^^D it is 
good that one should wait in si- 
lence Lam.3,26. 

pE?pn see pJ^tSli , 

yn (pret. ]1 , pi. m ; /"ue. ]*iT , ]n; ; 
P* ]?) V to rule, to govern H^IS 
^0'3"i^g inp 'l»ou Shalt rule 
my bouse Zch.3,7. — 2) to 
Judge JVJK] ^:S? ]^T 15 he Judged 
the cause of the poor and needy 
Jer.22,16| jT ^1381 Ig^R ^1^3 Dil 
^p^t^ and also that nation whom 
they shall serve will I Judge 
(punish) Gena5,14; D^^^S pi; he 
will judge among the nations Ps. 
110,6.— 3) with D? or 3! to con* 
tend or strive with J^^ ^2^^ ^^ 
^jgp e]i[?n^ DV he is not able to 
contend with one who is raighti^^r 
than he Ec.6,10; DIKJ ^nn jlT Hh 
u^^yb my spirit shall not always 
strive with man Gen. 6,3. 
Niph. ]n^ to contend "^D \n:i 

'^K'jr. 'B5t!^ ^?3 P4 D?n and ail 

the people in all the tribes of 
Israel were contending 2S 19,10. 

]n Ch. to Judge; pt pi ]^1«3 for 
for l^rn Ezr.7,25. 

iim w. wax. 



T T 

P^n ifut, J^n;) to leap, to jump 
njKT {^n;p V^sS^ and before him 
leapeth terror Jb.41,14. 

pX^ Ch. to be fine, to be beaten 
small, to be ground; pret, pi. ^p^ 
were ground (or fell to small 
pieces) Dan. 2, 35 (=Heb. pf^ , 
which see). 

^t|*^ I. prop, to turn, to circle, hence: 
to move oneself about a place, 
to dwell yg^n \':nK3 nn to dwell 

• • • • • 

in the tents of wickedness P8.84, 
11.- Ch, to dwell; pt. pi, in*? a. 
PT.5 Dan.2,38. 

^n II. m. 1) circle, ball n^J '•O'^Pl 
^)rV and I will encamp against 
thee in a circle l8.29,3; nnj ngJJ 
rolling together like a ball Is.22, 
18 — 2) pJle of wood (=n^n9 ) 
D'^PySn nn the pile of wotd for 
the bones Ez.24,5 (others take *i^i 
in this passage as a verb and 
render it *burn the bones', ^make 
a fire for the bones'). 

Tl'n , ^^ (pl- rih'l , rarely D^n) w. 
prop, circle of time (from in I), 
hence: 1) generation *1"IT. 1"lS from 
generation to generation Ps.77,9; 
D^^n 'n^T for all generations 72, 
5; C5\1*1*tS for your generations 
L^v.3,17.— 2) dwelling .or^: ^^n 
^5? ls.38,12 my dwelling... is re- 
moved from me (Stb. : my life, 
being, existence). 

^1*^, *ll^T pr. n. a sea-town near 
Tabor, also called *1"^1 ilfiJ and 

X*in Ch. pr, n. a place in Baby- 


Ionia Dan.3,1. 

pt. tS^l) 7^ to tread or stamp down 
D\"i5 l^nn P]K?in anger thou tread- 
est down nations Hab.3,12; iVn 
n^no n'J^n the beast of the 
fields may stamp them down Jb. 
39,15; tnC^5=) K^^ H^^^ Jar.50, 
11 a stamping heifer (£ng. Bible: 
a heifer at grass =K^^1).— 2) to 
beat by treading, to thresh ]iV() 
D^l^n tr^ and Oman was threshing 
wheat lChr.21,20; nitT DOno K7 
iC^n? thou Shalt not muzzle the 
ox when ho thresheth Dout.25,4. 

Niph. e^n^ (inf. JTHri) to be 
trodden down ^MiD tS^^IJl and Mo* 
ab will be trodden down 18.25,10, 

Hoph, Vfl\n (fyt. tS^l^^) to be 

threshed nVfJ tfl^ T^*^?^ ^^ ^^^ 
with a threshing iristrumont is 
fennel threshed Is.2S,27. 

{J^n th. to tread down, to crush 
nJiJiDI njtfnn^ and win tread it 
down and grind it up Dan.7,23. 

rin*l {.inf. ?1n"J , verb, n. nini ; pt 

niTt) to push, to thrust '•^n^rjT Tivn 
7B37 thou hast thrust violently 
at me that I may fall Ps 118.13; 
pt. p, f. n^vr\n in| a tottering 
fence Ps.62,4.' 

Niph. nny {fut nni)) to be 
thrust down ptfi nGT inrn? 

through his own evil is the wicked 
thrust down Pr.14,32. {pt p. H^J 
belongs to rn)i which see.) 
Pu. nni {3 pi. Tr\) to be thrust 

nim 103 

dawn D^p ^S^; t^h^ \rh they are 
thrust down and shall not be 
able to rise Ps.3443. 

mm Ch. C»nly pi nni Dan.6,19) f. 
T-: - ^ ' 

a word of doubtful signification, 
generally taken to mean: con- 
cubine or dancing girl (ace. Rashi: 
table, banquet). 

nni (=7^^'!}) Niph. (fut, nT) to be 
pushed forward HJ'^TpJI TH] they 
shall be pushed forward and fall 
thereon Jer.23,12. 

^n*l * ^ ^DZ *». downfall, destruction. 

7T]^ Ch. to be afraid, to tremble. 

Pa. hrn to terrify, 
im sec. Fuerst =1^5 *o grow, 
in'n wi. millet (rrom rm), 

tjm to drive on, to impel; pt. p. 

f\)ni dispatched in haste D^V^? 
D'^pW \Hlf2 the runners went out 
in haste Eot.3,15, 

Niph. PIDIJ to hasten 'h^ «1Q"!J 
^n^S hastened to his house Est. 

pn'^ ifut, pDT. ; pi pn'') to press, 
to oppress \\pny, Hh Vm tr'»K they 
do not press one anolh r Jo.2,8; 
Dn''i?.dl^l Dn^-jrcf? those that afflicted 
them and oppressed them Jud.2,18. 

^*^ (^- ''!!) V measure, sufficiency, 

enough, sufficient ^T^^5 "^5? t^ 
measurelessness, i. c. more th n 
enough Mai. 3, 10; D**?!; 2^n n 
enough of goats* millc Pr.27,27; 
TV^ ^3 enough for a sheep Lev. 

5,7; nj'^y '•T ]^K is not sufficient f..r 
burnt-offering Is 40,16; ^n^DrjQ '•n 
enough for his need Deut.15,8; 
V^nj ^nj enough for his whelps 
Nah2,l3; wit.h sf. ^H h'^ eat 
thy fill Pr.25,16; Dp Ex.36,7 suf- 
flcient for them.— 2) with 3, 3 
as |)rep.: trw ^H? for the Are Jer. 
51,5^^j pn 'H? in vain lb ;n5ltr ^:i3 
at the sound of the cornet Jb 30, 
25; inyt?Tn? according to his 
fault Deut.25,'2; UJ n? according 
to our ability Neh.5,8.— 3) with 
Q as adv.: as often as, every time 
when, whenever *13!J8 ^7.9 as often 
as I speak Jer.20,8; Tl^^^T '•^p 
whenever thou spokest (prop, at 
every word of thine) 48,27; ^Ifi 
n:^P5ri}^ every yearlS.7,16; ''TO 
^^1t? ^1'^ every new moon Is. 
••^ Ch. 1) rel. pron, cam. who, which, 

that ^9? n K^T? the castle that 
is in Media Ezr.6,2; before a noun 
with af.: whrso JWIIJ ^^ whose 
dwelling Dan.2,11.— 2) prep, of 
the genitive: 1^i"^T inj stream of 
fire.— 5) cor\j. that ^T KjB PV I 
know that .. Dan.2,8; ID? ^^'.mKI;}^ 
•V IW. and he requested... that 
he would give him time 2,16 — 
4) (km. adv. here '^H rn^^T}"^'^ 
here, a man hath been found 
Dan.2,25. — '•IJ n) as, even as Dan. 
2,43. h) when 3,7. 

Sni ^1 pr. n. a place near Mount 

TT • 

]\y^ P^' n. i) a city in Moab Num. 




T - 

32,34 =liDn. I8.15,2; once taken 
by the tribe of Gad and named 
n|lb^T 33,45.— 2) a place in 
Judah Neh. 11,25 zrrn^lD^ Jos. 

y*^ see m . 

3^ (pl D^;n) m. flsher. 

T - ^ 

n"*! (j>i. nin) /•. kind of a bird of 

r - 

prey, a vulture. 
V'n m. ink. 

p'y^ see ]ia'1 i 

njlD'l see ]^a^T a. 

I^T (verb) see |n. 

p. m. jy Judgment, justice JH Wp? 
throne of justice Pr.20,8.— 2) 
cause, law-suit, contention ^TPS 
in^ between cause and cause 
Deut.17,8; '^V J^ ;''. ni^Jj: the Lord 
will conduct the cause of the poor 
Ps.140,13.— 3) sentence DlSf? 
V'J nV5?^n from heaven hast thou 
caused sentence to be heard Pst 
.76,9.- 4) law l^J il^ '»»1; those 
who knew institute and law Est. 
1,13.— See also ]^1E^ . 

l^-n Ch. (def. Kjn) m. i; tribunal 

Dn^ W:^T a tribunal was set Dan. 
7,10.— 2) justice Tl riOQ'^H his 
ways are justice Dan 4,34. — 3) 
judgment, sentence ^^.ID.*?. ^^''T 
iliP njSOP let judgment be exe- 
cuted upon him Ezr.7,26. 

y^ m, judge. 

y^ Ch. (pl. ri;3) m. judge. 

n3^*l P*". *»• daughter of Jacob. 

T • 

X''3^'n or. n. an Assyrian people 

••T • 

which settled in Samaria Ezr.4,0. 
nfi^T |)r. n. see Hg^T . 
n^*^ m. watch-tower, bulwark. 

I "T 

t^^l see B^n . 

^^*^ w. threshing-time. 


]tt5^^*l w. i^ antelope, mountain- 
goat. — 2) pr. n. a) son of Seir 
Gen. 36,21 • b) grandson of Seir 
Gen.36,25 =]B^n v. 26. 

'n*3' '^ 'It ^P^' ^^ '1^'^J ^'i' crushed, 
oppressed T]"!^ D W^ tifiC^S to judge 
the fatherless and the oppressed 
Ps.10,18; pl 8f, VJl t^i^: ^\^,TV^b 
a lying tongue hateth those that 
are crushed by it Pr.26,28. 

'H'lj Ch. (f. ^5) ^^' pron, this. 

«il (=n J^ , ^H) Niph. K|n.J to be 

crushed, to be dejected or humbled; 
pt pl D^^JJli humble Is.57,15. 

Pi. KJT (fut S33) ; verb, n. «/: 
iW?5) to crush, to cast down, to 

Pu, t(^^ (pt «5n!? , pl n^9^'^p) 

to be crushed, to be humbled. * 

HUhp. only fut. pl ^K?T Jb.5,4; 
a. 35,24 for ^K53pl (comp Hithp. 
of 155 '•)• 
KS'n -l) w- crushing, contrition 
Kjrnr B^ijp. a8?p thou turncst 
man to conirition Ps,90,3.— 2) adj. 
crushed, contrite niTi '♦JfJ^ those 
that are of a contrite spirit Ps. 

T T 



ny^ (fut. nST.) to be bowed, cast 

T T 


Niph. n^H (1 '•O'jp.H) to be 
crushed, to be cast down; pt nSHJ 

Pi. njT (2 g^jJI) to crush. 

nS'n f' bruising, crushing (particu- 
larly of the testicles) HJl r^Vp 
he that is mutilated by bruising 

^i*l w. prop, crushing, breaking 

(from ?]n), hence: brealcer, wave 
DJ?*} ninnj mi?: the rivers lift up 
their waves Ps.93,3. 
]3*1 Ch. (=Tin) ^2c*». |>rcm. this. 

ni*^ Ch. (=Heb. IJT ; akin to n^^) 

i^ to stick into, to press into. — 
2) fig. to impress, hence: to re- 

15*=^. Ch. (=Heb. ipj ; pi ]^T51) w. 
male of sheep, a ram. 

]T\y^, Ch. (from IST to remember) 
m. record. 

ppl Ch. m. same as l^*l?T ; i>i. 'fe/'. 

^1553*1*18^. book of records Ezr. 
^'5,'*^^5 (from ^S^; pi D^h; f- 
njT , 1)1 rt^3) 1) adj. weak, poor, 
humble. — 2) tn. poor man. 

^•^j (=riT'l) m. prop, door, valve, 

hence fig. of the lips: ^C^P 73 the 
valve of my lips Ps.Ul,3. 

3^*^ (pt. -3^^^) to leap, to jump. 
Pi. J.^? (fw*. -5.hp to leap; with 
accus.: to leap over l^ti^'il^ltJ I 
leap over the wall PsJS.SO. 

n^-n (akin to Si*^; fut. n^lV, mf. 

T T ^ ' • 

il^l) prop, to hang down, hence: 
to draw, to draw out (particularly 
water, by hanging down a bucket) 
^^4 •^5'}. ?1^7 he drew water for us 
Ex.2,19; fig. n^^y, ^f^^^ ^'^] but 
the man of understanding will 
draw it out Pr.20,5. 

IV. n^T to draw up, to lift up 
''ifV^l '•? for thou hast lifted me 
up Ps.30,2. 

^••St Pr.26,7 ace. Ges. belongs 
to 955 1 which see. 
n^*! I. (from S23) f. prop, something 

hanging, hence: 1) thread-work, 
thrum; fig. of life: ^;sya? H^np 

• • • 

from the thrum will he cut me 
off (the thread of my life) ls.38, 
12 (ace. ancient interpreters: he 
will cut me off with sickness).— 
2) locks of hair, hair-braids njl 
T]tS^K*l the locks of thy head Cant. 
ri^*^ II. (from hj) f. prop, poverty, 

T - 

hence: coU. the poor or common 
people, the rabble {^^gn DJ? rh':\ 
the poor of the people of the 
land 2K.24,14; D^H rf?l the poor 
of the people Jer.52,15; HW ^^^^ 
the poor people of the land v. 16. 
nhl (M nSni) to make turbid or 

muddy Tl^'Sn? ^VS nHnj and 
thou madest turbid the water with 
thy feet Ez.32,2. 
^^^ (\*n) w. buckrtt, pail ^h'TD ID? 

• • • • • • 

as a drop out of the bucket Is- 
40,15; du. DJ,1^T; sf. VJ?T his 
buckets Num.24,7. 





n^^'n a. ^iT^'l pr. n. of several 

n^^^*^ iw. w. a Philistine woman, 

the paramour of Samson Jud. 16,4. 
JVh^ (from n^T) f. branch, bough; 

• T 

pr 8f. V^i^^i *7X? in the shadow 
of its branches Ez. 17,23. 

b^l ipl. ^^!?3 a. ^hl , once ^^3 ; 2 «. 
^71^73, pl. '^jy^l) prop, to wave, 
to swing, to move in any direc- 
tion, hence: 1) to be lifted up 
Dilf 7 ^2^g ^71 my eyes are lifted 
up on high Is 38,14 (Eng. Bible; 
mine eyes fail with looking up- 
ward; see definition 4).— 2) to 
hang, to swing (of miners letting 
themselves down into a shaft) 

^^^sji D^n^tfjn n|DVB '^Din? 

}y) trl^KB \^i ace. Ges., Fuerst a. 
Stb.: they break a shaft far away 
from the inhabitants, forgotten 
by the foot (i. e. visited by no one), 
they hang, they swing far from 
man Jb.28,4 (the Eng. Bible takes 
Snj in the sense of *flood' and 
renders the verse: the flood 
breaketh out from the inhabitant; 
even the waters forgotten of the 
^oot: they are dried up, they are 
gone away from men); U)pj^ V73 
D''':^?? "52 ^rO^ nc§9 ace. Oes. 

• • • • 

hanging us a useless weight are 
the legs of a lame man: so is a 
parable in the mouth of fools Pr. 
26,7 (Others make this verse refer 
to the preceding one and render 
it: they are weaker in the legs 
than the lame and are a by- word in 


the mouth of fools 1. — 3) to be 
drained, to be emptied (comp. T\hl) 
niVg \':n: unni ^SSl emptied and 
dried up shall become the rivers 
of Egypt ls.19,6.-- 4) to be brought 
lov7, tj fail, to be weak, to be 
poor or wretched "IKIJ ^Fyhl I am 
brought very low Ps.147,7. 

Niph. Sn^ {fut. hT) to be re- 
duced, to be impoverished S^IJ 
*TNt? vtj'lt?; and Israel was greatly 
impoverished Jud.6,6; T^J hi) 
2p^l the glory of Jacob shall be 
reduced (Eng. Bible: made thin) 
Wt'*^ jw-. n. a city in Judah. 

^T {fut. ^iSp to trickle, to drop 

ri^SO fpl) the house droppeth 

through Ec.l0,18j of the eyes: to 

shed tears '»rv. HS^l nlS«-^S unto 

• • • • . • 

God my eye sheddeth tears Jb. 

;1 m. dripping, dropping Tip ^^"^ 
a continual dropping ri'.19,13. 
]lBt''1 pr- n. one of tli sons of 

pbl (fut. phy, J pt p^n ; mf, pS-i) 

1) to burn, to set on flre pHj 
D^*^5K1 Dn-5 and they shall set 
them on fire and devour them Ob. 
18; fig. D'-pYt DIDSf burning (i. e. 
passionate) lips Pr.26,23 — 2) to 
pursue hotly ^':!?n. D^^Hin hv upon 
the mountains they hotly pursued 
us Lam.4,19; nnN nph^ thou hast 
hotly pursued after me Gt!n.31,36. 
Hiph p^'^in {fut. p^^T) to kindle. 




to inflame l!^«n p-Jn.rj kindling the 
fire Ez.24,10i Dir*?*]: ]!1 till wine 
inflame them Is.5,ll. 

p^T Ch. {pt pSn) to burn. 

np^l /*. hot fever. 

n^l , -^ nip^ (»/-. TinSl a. once Tlv^T , 

orn^i , c, '•n^i *, «/•. \nH) /". i; 

door, 'gate n^V"^!? iDH nS-jn as 
d door turneth upon its hinges 
Pr 26,14; ]9.^"'lfX rfn^ tioors of 
oleaster- wJod lKX31}n''n*:T T%7} 

T • T , 

he set up its gates 16,34; fig. 
Q"?!?."! rfirhl the gates of the 
peoples (i. e Jerusalem, which 
was a great center of intercourse) 
Ez.26,2; '•JtJ} \n':i the doors of 


my [mother's] womb Jl).3,10; of 
the Jaws of the crocodile : ^f".! 
Vy^ the doors of. his face Jb.41, 
6.— 2) page, column (of a booJcl 

nin^l c?rr nn^ Kinuj when Ye- 

• • • * • 

hudi had read three pages Jer. 

Dl yc. 01 ; 8f. ^p^ , toT , 0351 ; pl 

Q'^DT , c. ^Ql) m. 1) blood Dl Tlgb 
D^PJ whoso sheddeth man's blood 
Gen.9,6; iS^Kn i^S iDT its blood 
ye shall not eat 9,4; poet. D^'^jH CJ 
the blood of grapes (i. e. red wine) 
Gen.49,11.— 2) blood-guiltiness 
(responsibility for shedding of 

blood) «nn e^'-K^ n^n\ on as 

blood-guiltiness it shall be im- 
puted unto that man Lev. 17, 4j 
Itrxn? 1^2-1 his blood shall bo upon 
his head (i. e. he shall be re- 

sponsible for his blood) Jo8.2,19; 
13 VDl his blood shall be upon 
him Lev.20,9; D'-IJ^ ^^^ a man of 
bloody deeds Ps.5,7; Sh D^tJT blood- 
guiltiness shall be imputed to him 
Ex.22,2 - 'ri9n3Ez.l9,10=T10^D*7? 
in thy likeness, i e. like thoo 
(others: in thy juice, freshness 
or youth). 

5tb. prop, to n ake e ven, f mooth, 
hence: to be like vSlJ ngT kS 
*[>Q^2 was not like unto it in its 
beauty Ez.31,S; ncn': nri?^ is like 
a palm-tree Cant.7,8,' ^n'i^ TlS npi 
be thou like a roebuck 8,14. 

Niph. n^H to be like, to deem 
oneself like '\0'^} n^Dn^S they are 
like the beasts Ps.49,i3 0^5 T?? 
n^Dn: thou didst deem thyself 
like a lion's whelp Ex.32,2. 

Pi. npi (fut. ngnp l) to liken, 
to compare hn ]viir\ ^D h^ to 
whom will ye liken God? ls.40, 
18.— 2) to speak in similitudes 
nsi« CK^Jjn T5 through the 

■ • • • 

prophets have I spoken in simili- 
tudes Hos.l2,ll. — 5) to imagine, 
to think, to reflect, to intend ' .K 

t^.'PfO^ ^??93? ^TP imagine not 
in thy soul to be able to escape 
Est.4,13; ?lipn n^r}^& ^rsn we have 
reflected on thy kindness, God 
P8.48,10 y)r\h ^S1 "0^ nie they 
Intended to slay Jud.20,5. 

HUhp. nif-iri for nawn^/w^.nMI) 

to be or make oneself like HBIS 
]i^^g^ I will be like to the Mosr. 
High Is.14,14. 

T T 


T : • 

nD"3 II. (=c5n; fui. n^T) i) to 

cease, to rest ngn^ ^'5l m\\ '■yfl 

• • • • • 

icy eye trickleth down and ceaseth 

net Lam. 3, 40. — 2) to destroy 
TIj^K ^fl^pn] I will destroy thy 
mother Ilos. 4, 5. 

3rip/i n^lj to be destroyed, to 
be lost ^TB15 ""J ^^ '•^^* woe is 
me ! for I am lost Is.6,5. 

nOI Ch. to be like, to resemble; 
pt m, njJJ , /•. .T95 Dan,3,25;7,5. 

T\tSr] f' a place of stillness TV? ^P 
D;rt Tjin? n§l? who, like Tyre, is 
like a place of stillness in the 
midst of the sea Ez.27,32. 

j^^JDI f' likeness, resemblance, form 
ioJ^Sp in^D^J in his likeness, after 
his image Qen.5,3; \y)W n^DTHD 
^7 what likeness will ye compare 
unto him ? Is.40,18; Kp? HIDT the 
likeness (form) of a throne Ez. 
1,26; rwcrr^ like Ps.58,5. 


'*D'1., '91 (from np5 II. or 08^) m. 
prop, cutting off, ceasing, stand- 
ing still, hence: 1) rest U/nn h^ 
*h ^Pjl give him no rest Is.62,7.— 
^;trai:quillity,i:rc6peiiiy ^Uyi;'!? 
in the tranquillity of n;y clays Is. 
38,10 (ace. some: in the cutting 
off of my days; others: in the 
midst of my days). 

Il^p'n m. likeness, resemblance Ijl^PT 
n?nS? ho is like a lion Ps.17,12. 

UT\ (3 pi. ^m , ^ ^05 ; fxd. &\\ , pi. 
\Cr\\ ; mf. a. imp. DT , D^) 1) to 
stand still, to be still, to be silent 

! tJ^B^O d'TI and the sun stood still 

Jo8.10,13;DySB ^j.y'in-ny ^Mstand 


still (wait) until we come to you 

1 IS.14,9; ^DT. V^^\ ^:i?t: they sit 

' upon the ground, they are silent 

Lam.2,10j DT pjKn sigh in silence 

I Ez.24,17 — 2) to wait or watcn 

in silence, to trust calmly ^D'lJ 

''0^5?. to^ they watched in silence 

for my counsel Jb.29,21; *!^h D^T 

trust calmly to the Lord Ps.3'7,7.- - 

5) to rest, to cease \kS\ ^nfn. '»S5 

^M my bowels &re agitated 'and 

rest not Jb.30,27 1P;}?'n3 Dli^'SK 

let not the pupil of thy eye cease 

[weepingl Lam.2,18 

Niph. Dn^ (fvJt. D3\ pi ^si;, 
^ ^fiT) to be cut down, to be 
destroyed (=.101 II.) n^K; \cn:> 
D*i'7^n and the peaceable habita- 
tions (or pastures) are cut down 
Jer.25,37; M2il) 1\fnS D^V?1 the 
wicked shall be destroyed (shall 
perish) in darkness IS.2,9, 

Po, DDil to put to silence, to 
quiet ^l?£i '•nponi ''O'Jf^ I have 

• • • 

calmed and quieted my soul Ps. 

Hiph. Dnn to put to silence J^ 
^JJiq ^rrj*?« the Lord our God 
haih put us to silence Jer.8,14. 

riDD'n /". stillness, silence, whisper. 

T T 

]DT ace. Fuerst: to heap up dung 
(by analogy with the Arabic Soii 
whence: jQ*] a. nj^no . 

Ipl wi. dung, dung-heap. 
riJDT jw- ^' a city in Zebulua 




yD*5 (fuL yQT. , f. yQiT i inf. stj-y 

to shed tears, to weep. 
Vtyi M- prop, tear, hence: Juice, 

liquor T18tJT.T|0g^p thy full (ripe) 
ft-ults and thy liquors Ex.22,28. 

nrOI (c. nj?9T ; pi. niyOl) f. tear, 

p^tSn p**- w. Damascus, a city In 

Syria; also p^t^n 2K. 16,10 and 

P?J?11 lChr.18,5. 
Dt7C*l ^' damask, a silk stuff. 

I •.* IV 

n p*. n. i^ a son of Jacob and the 

tribe and territory named after 
him; gent. ''J^ .— 2) a city in the 
north of Palestine, formerly Dp^ 
or V:h .— 3)] J?^l in a place 'in 
the north of Palestine.— 4) =]'T\ 

IIJ, '"'^l ^^' p^*^' ^^^^- ^^^^ ^41? *8 

this, like this Jer.10,11; HJI? n^tj 
a thing like this, such a thing 
Dan.2,lv); n^l*?!? therefore 3,16,- 
njl '•ins after this 2,29; njT Sj 
all this 5,22. 

33T ace. Fuerst: to be pliant, i. e. 
soft, whence Jljn. 

n3*l 1^' **• a city in Judah. 
n^njl pr. n. a city in Edom. 

^K^31 !>*'. w. i) a famous Hebrew 
... if 

prophet and sage at the Baby- 
lonian court Dan. 1,6 =SKj5 Ez. 
14,14.— 2) a son of David IChr. 

y'n {pi. D^yn) »»• knowledge, wis- 
dom ^IfcJ fl8 ^Vl njDK I also will 

show forth my knowledge Jb.32, 

10; D^Vn D'^On nlK*?99 the won- 

• • • 

drous works of him who is per- 
fect in knowledge 37,16. 

n»T (pl. nipi) f. knowledge ^p-n^J 

nyT nnj'' whom shall he teach 
knowledge? Is.28,9; niyn S(5 a God 
of knowledge IS.2,3; as verb, n. 
ir^? n^^ the knowledge (prop, 
the knowing) of Qod 18.11,0. 

hH'^V"^ pr. n. m. Num.1,14 =SmH1 

Tjr'n {fut. 1\vy.) to be extinguished, 

fig. to be destroyed tir^. D'»V||^'] -y 
the lamp of the wicked will be 
extinguished Pr.18,0. 

Niph. ?]81J to become extinct, 
to dry up (of water) ^3filJ terj? 
Dpptp9 when it is hot they be- 
come extinct out of their place 

Pi*. T]$T to become extinct, to 
be extinguished D'^VP ^K9 ^^X*^ 
they are extinguished as the firo 
of thorns Ps.l 18,12. 

nr*! f. knowledge DV'} St* he that 
hath knowledge Pr. 17,27; nri^Snj 
without knowledge Jb.35,16; as 
verb. n. D^??/^. D85 the knowledge 
(prop, knowing) of God Hos.4,1; 
riljl ^75? without knowing, un- 
wittingly Deut.19,4; with sf. Dl*p 
DJO^ ^nVl from the day of my 
knowing (1. e. that I have known) 
you Deut.9,24. 

nfin to push, to strike against 

• t: 



^£)"n , *** ''9T »>»• prop, striking against, 
hence: insult, scorn "];nri T]pt< ]33 
•♦BT against thy own mother's son 
thou uttcrest insult Ps.50,20. 

pS'n (pt. pB^'l) V to strike, to beat, 
to^ knock pan ^t1 Hp it is the 
voice of my beloved who knock- 
eth Cant.5,2.— 2) to press upon, 
to drive hard ^nfi} ngs Di'» Dpgl^ 
]i<!rn"S| and if men should drive 
them hard one day, all the flock 
will die Gen.33,13. 

Hithp, pBl/JT to beat, to knork, 
to press hard D''p?50P •••l^n '•Rfj.g 
ri^in"Sy the men of the city... 
knocked at (or: pressed against) 
the door Jud.19,22. 

riDfi'n P^' ^' ^ station of the Is- 

It : T 

raelites in the desert. 

p*n (ft-om PP5; /•. ni51, J)?. n1p3) adj. 

1) pounded fine, fine, small rTJDp. 
nj^lD''l?Q Incense of spices pounded 
fine Lev.16,12; pT p^K fine (or 
small) dust Is.29,5.- 2) thin ^^5? 
pn... a thin... hair Lev.13,30,— • S) 
lean, slender *1C^J n^pT lean in 
flesh Gen.41,3;nip'n D^^Stf slender 
ears (of corn) v. 6.— 4) soft (of 
a voice) nj^l HipP'T '7p the sound 
of a soft whisper IK 19,12. 

p^ m. fine dust. 

P'n m. flne texture, thin cloth nijjn 
Djpc^ piD who stretcheth out the 
heavens as a thin cloth (English 
Bible: as a curtain; the traditional 
Jewish rendering of piis'pellicle*, 
prob. because in Talmudic lan- 

guage this word denotes a cata- 
ract of the eye). 

n /D'1 P''- w. of an Arabian tribe 

t'; • 

and a district of Arabia, 
pj:'^ ipret pi; /«f. pT) it, to 

crush, to beat to small pieces; 
in'r. to be crnshed, to be reduced 
to powder pHpl D^n C^nrj thou 
shalt thresh mountains and beat 
thoni small Is.41,15; ^ipT «S he 
will not crush it Is.28,28;'nipnm 
Q^^l D^sr and thou shalt beat 
In pieces m^iny peoples Mic.4,13; 
PV*^?^8'^y inKl and he ground 
it until It was reduced to powder 
Ex. 32,20; inf, as adv, n|e9 npnjfl 
pry and thou shalt pound some 
of it flne (or dustlike) Ex.30,36. 

i?"/p^. pin(/;,p;j,;5mr. 

png) to crush, to grind n§r? pyy 
he ground it to dust 2K.23,15; 
(QfjnS=) Dp.nS niV^n t:^?5? I crush 
them as the mire of the streets 

HopK pin {fvi. p-JV) to be 
crushed, to be ground. 

pp'1 Ch. {pret, pi ^p5 Dan.2,35 for 

^pl» to be crushed, to be beaten 
to small pieces. 

Aph, pii (3 f. nfj^n , 3 pi. ':p^]:\ ; 
M^ P^: , 2 pnn ; pt pint?, f. np;i5) 

to beat small, to grind. 

Ipl {fnt *lpT.) to pierce, to stab. 

^Niph, npjl^ (/!««. npT) to bft 
pierced, to be stabbed. 

Pu. ^i^T {pt npnt?) to be stab- 
bed, to perish. 





^P1 pr- ♦»• "* 

' VJV 

TH (from *l*n) w. pearl, mother- 
Tn Ch. C=Heb. ^^1). m. generation, 

^•=1 see nn. 

K*n in Ar. to reject (Pucrst). 

p'Nn^ (from KIT; c. )*N^1) prop. 

rejection, hence; aversion, object 
of aversion. 
:m (akin to f\y^) to pluck, to 
tear, to pierce, to prick. 

pnrn, i;jn5 ri>^ n^hni) m. prick, 

J^T (akin to TJIJ) to advance, 
whence nj'IIB , which see, 

yn*1'nj>r. n. a wise man at the 

time of Solomon IK 5,11 =P3^ 

^*m ^^^^^ ^^^ ^ ^' thorn, thistle. 
Dl"l"l(fromDm)i;8outh.— ^;south- 

wind Jb.37,17. 
^111 (from im 2) m i) freedom, 

release h^) *ni§l "^^^1 °C«5l? 
n'^Jfi?^ and ye shall proclaim free- 
dom throughout the laui unto all 
the inhabitants thereof Lev 25,10; 
I^IID nf ^S to the year of re- 
lease Ez.46,17.— 2) swallow nlnnj 


^^P^ as the swallow to fly Pr. 
26,2.— 3) spontaneous flux nnT^D 
myrrh of spontaneous flowing, i. e. 
pure myrrh Ex.30,23. 
jy VTl JW- w. of three Perso-Median 

V|T • T 

kings: a) Darius of Media or Cy- 
axereg II., son of Astyagcs Dan. 
6,1; 9,1 V Piirius I. of Persia, son 

of HystaspesHag.l,!; Zch.l,l;Ezr. 
4,4. c) Darius II. Nothus of Persia 

B^in'n see B^in Pi, 

^n^ ifut. TfnT. ; pL r\i^ . pt. p. tjn^ , 

/*. n}^*ll) to tread, to step, to 
walk; with accus. to tread firmly, 
to tread down, to trample on ^TJ 
^I/.,\.'^J to tread a wine-press Jb. 
2iyi; Neh.13,15; '•SKg DJ-ilNI and 
I will tread them down in my 
anger Is.63,3; with 5 : to go -into, 
to come into ^i.^2}i rny, ^? if he 
should come into our borders 
.Mic.5,5; with ]D : to step forth 
ip8!tj 3J3 ^ll^ there s^oppcth 
forth a star out of Jacob Num. 
24,17; of a bow: to bend ilC^ilTIll 
ho bent his bow Lam.2,4 (some- 
times with YU for n^^.^, Ps.5S,8j 

64,4); Sr\^D_ r\iin H'lT.'^Mr^tJ 

irnc? '^SOr'^Kl Ktib Jer.'51,3 
against him that bendeth let the 
archer bend his bow and ag; inst 
him that lifteth himself up i'l his 
armour (ucc. Kri: ^y^U T^T.'"^^ 
irnC2 '^yrr'^'Sl ^nc^il let not the 

• • • • • 

archer bend his bow and let him 
not lift himself up with his ar- 

Hiph. ^nnn (fut. ?]nT: , vr\l ; 

• • ■ • • • 

pt. Tl'TID) 1) to cause to tread or 
walk, to lead n";»\Tin? D?.nTl 

• ■ • • • • • 

and he led them en th«! right way 
Ps.107,7; TiriDSS ^.3^n^ lead me 
in thy truth 25,5.— 2) with accna, 
of a path : to tread imDnnn tkh 
rD?^*V.? which the ravenous beasts 


have never trodden Jb.28,8; of a 
person: to reach, to overtake HIJ^J^ 
niD^*nn they ovt»rtook them at 
their places of rest Jud.20,43 
(Eng. Bible: trode them down with 
ease; ace. Fuerst: they made them 
go as far as nilljp , a place iden- 
tical with noie lChr.8,6 a. Dln^D 

IT . . 

2,52; others: they gave them no 
rest).- 3) to tread ny Ip ^8 ll^l 
like a threshing-floor at the time 
of treading (threshing) it Jer.51, 
33.— 4) to bend (13^711=) ^^llll 
n[3.ff Dn?^i2D4iB^^-ngiand they bend 
their tongues, their bow of lies 

D^jni , c. •jni) com. 1) way, path, 

road ^580 ^1*3 ^^^® king*s road 
(i. e. the king's highway) Num. 
20,17; as j^ep, H^^BJ TJ'J'J towards 
the south Ez.8,5; n.fa.Nn in ^l^^ 
towards the mountain of the 
Amorites Deut. 1,19,— 2) way, 
Journey D**?^^ n^^?^ ^^^ three 
days' journey Gen.'30,36; D^B^K^ 
^S'lT to pursue his Journey Jud. 
17,8.— 3) fig. a) way, manner, 
custom, course, conduct "Sj ^"J-v? 
X^}i\} after the manner of all the 

eanhGen.l9,31;n«sJ"''?TO? ^^? 
to go the way of all the earth 
a e. to die) IK.2,2; D""?*: ^1^^ the 
manner of women (i. e. the men- 
ses) Gen.31,35; nD^g? 135 ritlT the 
manner (i. e. intercourse) of a 
young man with a young woman 
Pr.30,19; S'^JK ^l-J^ the conduct of 



a fool I2,i5j i''5«Tn ••ani? ihn 

he walked in the ways (i. e. he 
followed the mode of life) of Da- 
vid his father 2Chr. 17,3; DJll 
^^M D^«"l? I will bring their 

• • • 

course upon their own head Ez. 
9,10; D5T3 ''Tet? ^S;«^1 and they 

• • • • • 

shall eat of the fruit of their own 
conduct Pr.1,31. h) action, work 
^^ ''J'5!! the works of God Jb,40, 
19; iani iT'B^xn '•^JS ;'; the Lord 
created me at the beginning of 
his creation-work Pr.8,22. c) viqt- 
ship yj^-nr?? 1^!! the [idolatrousl 
worship of Beer-Sheba Ain.8,13. 
d) lot, fate Tl§11 ;] hv SlJ commit 
thy lot unto the Lord Ps.37,5,— 
du. d;p'JT Pr.28,6 ace. Fuerst a. 

Stb.: double way, duplicity, double- 
dealing (trf^yD ^fi;;i| r^sr\ trynto 

y^VfV Nl-ll n\yn better is the poor 
that walketh in his righteousness 
than he that is perverse in his 
duplicity, though he be rich). 

]lD3ni (only pi D-J^Djn:]) m. 

==r3118 , which see. 

DIT in Ar. to shine, to lighten, 
whence D^*)!, 

p::'OTl see pg^Ql . 

y-lT Ch. (pj. pi'^i, «/-. 'niyjij /: 


• I • 

llp"^^ j>r. n. m. 

"ITl i^ to shine, to glitter, whence 
•13 pearl.— 2) to llit, to fly, to 
move about freely, whence ^*n^ 


1 a. 2; to flow freely, whence 





*li*T!j 5,__ s) ace. Qes. to luxurl- 
ate, whence fVyi. 

- T • 

1) to inquire into, to examine, to 
investigate ri^gn] ^^yi] and tliou 
sfaalt inquire and m&ke searcli 
Deut.13,15.— 2) to search, to seelc, 
to inquire after, to loolc for (with 
prep. ^DS, ^ or ^Si also with 

accm.) U^^T. p'^X'^'i ^^^ ^^^^^ 
every green thing doth he search 
Jb.39,8; B^nin ^HKDn'pl and 
searchest after my sin 10,6; '^liht^b. 
tS^'JT.^''?? after the God of his 
father did he seelc 2Chr. 17,4; 
y^TiO ^^3?^b ye shall loolc for his 
habitation Deut.l2,5;lB^nT.Dr5 V^K 
after it shall nations inquire Is. 

11,10; trn'i ^'^1 nmnn ^^vp nKl 

n^D and the goat of the sin- 
ofiering Moses sought diligently 
Lev. 10,16; K^lpI? h^ WT^^I^ 
thou wilt seek out his wicked- 
ness until thou find none Ps.lO, 
15; pt with 8f. V.Tl'B^Y'^ those that 
seek thee, Lord Ps'.9,ll.— 3) to 
Inquire, to ask ^^."njj t?*!"]^ to 
inquire of the Lord Gen.'25,22; 
T|5yg 1J^ ^'^^i to inquire a word 
of thee lK.14,5j sometimes with 3: 
^^3 triTJt'l'l and he hath not in- 
quired of the Lord IChr. 10,4j 
nj-n^nnSl that I may inquire of 
her IS.28,7.— 4) to require, to 
demand DTD ^iKVnS ':^prv\ and 

XT • . • . 

I will require my flock from 
their hand Ez.34,10; C^TI ^'n^l 
^1?P and what the Lord doth re- 

quire of thee MIc.6,8; D'^pg B^n^n 
he that demandeth blood (i. e. 
calls to account for shed blood) 
Pr.9,13; in« ?]^ng tr^T ns? until 
thy brother demand it Deut.22,2.— 
5) to care, to be concerned ]\K 
iCfpjS ty^n there is no one that 
careth for (is concerned about) 
my soul Ps.142,5.— 6) to seek, 
to desire, to wish for 3to tr^'l 
iQ^^ seeking the good of his 
people E8t.l0,3; D^^? ^ B^IT ^H^K 
n^ll UV^ he seeketh not the wel- 
fare of this people Jer.38,4; tk^ 
D^^bl DdS?^ e^nno thou shalt net 
seek (de«ire) their peace and their 
welfare Deut.23,7; W"n ^??ni they 
that seek (wish for) my hurt Ps. 
38,13; DH^XpO"^;^ D^l^ni sought 

• • • • • • 

(wished) for by all them that 
have pleasure therein 111,2. 

Niph. ^y]i iM' B^nT- 1 c^:]?« ; 

inf, B^TJK Ez.14,3 for B^:]^r:» V to 
be searched, to be examined 
crj} HX9!1 ^^Tii they were exam« 
ined and there were found among 
them lChr.26,31.— 2) to allow 
oneself to be sought or inquired 
^ht<^ J^SS ^Jnc^nj I allowed my- 
self to be sought by those that 
asked not Is.65,1; B^l'IN irniKH 
DH^ shall J at all let myself be 
inquired of by them? Ez.14,3.- 
3) to be required tT'J']} H^H iDT 
behold, his blood is now required 

Pi. only in the form 2^i''']T Ezr. 
10,16 ace. Stb. for vyi (Ges' tT^^l) 
to examine, to Investigate. 

T T 



KE^'^I to become green, to be covered 

with verdure ^^y? niK^^N?^! the 
pastures of the wilderness have 
become green Jo.2,22. 

Hiph. N''5'"jn (fut. K{?T) to cause 
to sprout, to bring forth Wg^iri 
N*!?l K!1*SD let the earth brig 
forth vendure or grass) Gen. 1,11. 

t^\if^ *»• green herbage, fresh gras.i. 

• I • 

Vff^ to become fat. 

' ^PL \tl (fut. ]^r, a. nify^ J) 
to mal£e fat, to regard as fat 
D??"!?^^ njitD ny^op^ a good 
report malteth the bone fat Pr. 
15,30; T^'^IWS PPS*! thou maljest 
my head fat (i. e. anointest my 
head) with oil Ps.23,5; of sacrifices: 
to regard as fat, i. e. to accept 
in favor njB^D: TinSiy may he 
accept in favor thy burnt sacrifice 
Ps.20,4 (others regard the verb 
here as a den. from ]B^1 and 
render this sentence: may he con- 
vert thy sacrifice into ashes as 
a sign of favor).— 2) den. from 
]tZ'^,: to cleanse from ashes, to 

remove the ashes n2J13n"DJJ 1i?^ll 

• • • • 

and they shall cleanse the altar 
from the ashes Num.4,13. 

Pu. l^"^ (fut. |B^T) to be made 
fat, to be well fed i!?np cnsyi 
1^1^ and their dust be made fat 
with fatness Is.34,7; D''V1Q C^SJl 
]tr'i;i but the soul of the diligent 
wili be well fed (1. e. gratified) 

Hothp, ]9J>7 to become fat, to 

be sated a?.:?} n:^ir\ ..onn the 

• • • » « • • 

sword is sated with fat Js.34,6. 
]&*-n (pi U'^m , c. ^i?^l) adj fat; 
of persons: strong, mighty. 

W^, ' "" W (*/■• "iVD m. 1) fatness, 
sap, oil— 2) ashes (specifically 
the fat ashes of sacrificial ani- 
mals; different from ^Ig^K ashes of 

ni (l)^.D^?^, c. ••pi) /•. statute, law, 
order, custom J^J. Dl ^gi^ who 
i^new statute and law Est. 1,13; 
Qi^n rijp according to the law of 
this day 9,13} TiSljn ^{IT the orders 
of the icing Ezr.8,36; nTJ TX'^^n 
the drinldng was according to the 
custom (or order) Est.1,8. 

rn Ch. (def. Kp^ ; 8f. I^DO^! ; pl "O?) 
f. law, sentence ^n^lj ^^1 the 
laws of thy God Ezr.7,25; "mQ 
r^Ol ^''•7 there is but one sen 
tence for you Dan.2,9. 

Km Ch. (def. KgO"!) m. fresh grass, 

V|V ^ • O T 

verdure (=Heb. 8<5^!J). 

*lDn^ Ch. m. one sliilled in law, 
T T : 

Jurist, judge. 
ViV\ pr. n, (occurs only with n he. 
nrpl) a place in Samaria Geo. 
37,17 =]gi 2K.6,13. 

]m see i;pi. 



n the fifth letter of the alphabet, 
called He KH; as a numeral n 
=5, n=&,000.— n at the end of 
words mostly occurs as a mute 
orthographic sign indicating that 
they termihate in vowels, as: nSj 
gala, n^hu maika, nn« atta, n^K 
fl*/y^» n? zi, HD A:o, etc.j in but few 
cases it stands at the end of 
words as a consonant, retaining 
its aspirated sound which, in 
punctuated texts, is indicated by 
a point in it (n) called |TQD , as: 
njl gdbah\ HDri tamah'. The read- 
ing af a final n is determined by 
this rule: it is mute when it 
forms an addition to the root or 
a changeable part of a root, 
as: n"l3K abeda (root njK), HjSn 
halcha (root T] . H ) , IWV asa (pi. 
^try), n^l gala (pl ^^:\%tc.; it is 
aspirated when it is added to a 
noun or verb as a pronominal 
suffix, or forms an unchangable 
part of a root, as: riri''3 heithaJi' 
(her house), H^Dtt^ shemarah' (he 
Icept her), n3| labah' (pl llj;), 
nOptamAA' (pl. ^"ipp', etc. 

rr a particle suffixed to nouns to 
denote direction towards a place, 
as: ni^^K to the land, to the earth, 
from (^5!?. » '"'^Ip.. to the east, from 
^^i?..' ^1;?-l ^0 Bibylon, from 
S^I^, etc.; =n: in np.ll. Ez.25,13 
a. njj IS.21,2. 

'H (before a Sheva and before 

gutturals n ; before gutturals with 
Kametz JH) interrogative prefix: 
is it? whether "h DlSc'q is he well? 
Gen.29,6: 197'ns Dfl?T.n do ye 
know Labun? v. 5; ''?"n^n n^KH 
n^i wilt thou Indeed build me a 
house? 2S 7,5;nK DjS Tyn whether 
ye have yet another brother Gen. 
43,6, nB;)Lj Kin pmn whether they 
be strong or weak Num.13,18. — 
'?lI , H^U, see ^? , «b . 

'H (before gutturals, particularly 

before K , n , y , 1 — H ; before 
n , also before H , V without ac- 
cent — H) 1) def. art. the (inde- 
clinablenvin the lad, n^riT the 
lass, Q^j^n the sons, D^C^H the 
heavens; ^^Dpri tha top, yVT] the 
mountain, 3X?n the cloud, V^^\} 
the wicked; D^pH the wise man, 
Cnj^ the mountains, D'^^yn the 
clouds, *1§yn the dust.— After 
the prepositions i , D , S this n 
falls away and transfers its points 
to the preposition: D^ID^S, D^*3 , 

nvh for d^dbSis, Di^na, cyn*? 

T T 'l-T - : ' - ^ TT : 

whichoccur only rarely.— 2)dem. 
pron. this D^^H this day, to-day 
Gen.24,12, UV^n this lime 29,34.- 
3) rel. pron. who, wiiich, that, 
used instead of *18*K before parti- 
ciples: T]H-|n r^ljn the man thrt 
walketh Gon.24,65; D^J^nn D^H 
iyffr\2 the people that walk in 




darkness l8.9,l; rarely in the in- 
dicative mood: VVgi^l ^hl^U ^On-ID 

• • • • • • 

which the king and his counsel- 
lors have offered Ezr.8,25. 
«n Ch. interj. behold! Dan.3,25. 

Kn int^j' lo! behold there! O^h KH 
O io, here is seed for you Gen. 

47,23; '•;io4 ^^^9 ^sni «n vs wi 

behold, therefore I also will bring 
thy course upon thy head Ez.16,43. 

(tn Ch. same as Heb. H? ^D Dan* 

•• • 

2,43 lo as, whereas, 
nttn <nterj. exclamation of Joy or 

T V 

muckery: aha! Is.44,l6. 
•inan (from 3n; ; only pi. sf. ^^i^iU 

HoB.8,13j m. gift, offering, sacrifloe. 

tQH Hos.4,18 see under 501.. 

*• • 

^Dn C/w*. *?S^.p prop- ^-o breathe 
(t— Talm. S35 to evaporate), hence: 
to be empty, to be vain, to be 
foolish ^S|nr33nO ''IDS ^D^n and 
they walked after vanity and 
became vain (or foolish) Jer.2,5j 
^SjnC!"'7K Sj^3 be not [rendered] 
vain through robbery Ps.62, 11; 
with accu8, h^J]: to act foolishly 
iSanO h^T) nrri^^ why do ye act 
foolishly Jb. 27, 12 (Stb. : speak 


Hiph. pt S^?ne to befool, to 
lead astray DJO? H^jn D^^^J^lD 
they lead you astray Jer.23,16. 
bDH , ^ ^iii (from San ; c. ^3q ; «/*. 

breath t]l^ '^'^H a fleeting breath 

Pr.2i,6j San lipj. nn Nf i D^^-n.9 

all of them will the wind carry 

away, a breath will take them 
off ls.57,13.— 2) emptiness, vanity, 
nothingness nn H^V*]} ^3? vanity 
and desire of wind Ec.2,26; ^Sl! 
D'^Sm vanity of vanities 1,2; in 
reference to idols: I5A v.W the 
vanities of the stranger Jer.8,19; 
Kitr ^Sjn false vanities Jon.2,9. 

• • • 

h^n P^' ^' -Abel, son of Adam. 

V |V 

nn (only pi CWn Ez. 27,15) m- 

*lDn to divide off; only once pt, 
C^jaj DMhn DtD^ n.jn those 
that divide off the heavens, that 
observe the stars Is.47,13. 

Wn pr' n. Persian eunuch Est.2,3 

='«:n V. 8. 

Jjn same as njn I., which see. 

nyn i. (/"«<■ ^^av. ; «»/•. run) j; to 

T T • • • 

utter sounds, to murmur, to moan, 
to growl Djn^JUTJiS they do 
not utter any sounds with their 
throat Ps.115,7; n:i*a HXIS I did 

• • • • 

moan (coo) like a dove Is.38,14; 

n'^'it<n n:n'' ng^sa as the lion 

growleth 31,4; of man: io utter, 

to speak np?n n^n.i pnjf •»? tWe 
mouth of the righteous uttereth 
wisdom Ps.37,30j mif H^np ^jle^!? 
my tongue shall speak thy righ- 
teousness 35,28.— 2) to think, to 
reflect, to meditate n.^n;. pnv ijj 
n^jg^ the heart of the righteous 
reflecteth to answer Pr.15,28; Tj?" 
n^^S nr\^ thy heart shall medi- 
tate en 'terror Is.33,lS; p^ ^^C^.l 
they meditaie a vain thing Pa. 




2,1; with 2 : to reflect on ^O'^i^ 
?|!?|t9"^J? 1 will reflect on all 
thy work 77,13. 

Po. njh iinf, ijh) to utter, to 
speak (ace Fuerst: to excogitate) 

*^i>? ''^.5'^. ^^-9 ^^'^ uttering from 
the heart words of falsehood Is. 
Hiph. to murmur, to mutter; 

on\y pt pi n'^}r\oji) cpvespn that 

whisper and that mutter Is.8,19. 
T^yn 11- to separate, to remove, to 

T T 

take away *1C59 ^''^^5 ^-^p ^^ sepa- 
rate (or remove) the dross from 
the silver Pr.25,4; n^[^r\ inn? njH 
D^'jr Di^5 he removed [theml with 
a violent storm on the day of 
the east wind Is 27,8; V.?'? yen ^JH 

• • • • • 

?]^13 to take away the wicked 
from before the king Pr.25,5. 

Hoph. to be removed "JIp HJn 
njcpn he was removed out of 
the highway 28.20,13 (ace. Stb. 
np for n^r^T} , which is difficult 
to be pronounced), 
njn m. 1) sound, roar KXirgl? TiB 

• I • 

a roar that goeth out of his mouth 

Jb 37,2.- 2) sighing ^ninin;D'':;f5 

lamentations, and sighing, and wo 

Ez.2,io.~- 3) thought ^r:jr ^r^j 

•"IAD ^M we have spent our years 
as a thought Ps.90,9 (others: as 
a word, a breath, a sound). 
TWyr\ /". meditation. 


J^jn w. medit&tlon, musing; only 
with «/". ^rjrj nyj considor my 
meditation Ps!5,2; tr}J-"irin '•^/^ng 

• in my musing there burneth a 

fire (ace. Ges. : out of my fervor 

there breaketh forth a fire) 39,4. 

]1^3n (c. p^H) w. 1) gentle murmur, 

solemn sound Tj?5 ]i^^n the sol- 
emn sound of the harp Ps 92J 
(prop, meditative playing on the 
harp; see definition 2). — 2) mu- 
sing, meditation ^5; l^^^ntlie nied- 
itation of my heart P8.19,15.— 
3) device, plot DJ'^Jni ""Dp ^pB$^ 
"•iy the lips of those that rise up 
against me , and their device 
against me Lam.3,62. 
I^jn (=Talm. |Un) adj. straight, 

commodiojs; cnly f. nj'^JH rTJljl 
Ez 42,12 straight wall; ace. Rashi: 
inclosure for the Levitic choir 
(J^JVn from |J3 ); others: defensive 
wall (from \iy). See also pn. 

pn to suit, to fit; ace, Fuerst by 
analogy from Ar. to bend to, to 
direct to, whence: njVIIl Ez.42.12 

directed (Hr^n nnjin vs; ^mi 

the way directed to the face of 
the wall, i. e. the way toward 
the wall). 
*Un p*. w. Hagar, hand-maiJ of 


Sarah and mother of Ishmael 
Gen. 16,1. 
^^jn gent lChr.27,31; pi Dn^H Ps. 
83,7, D\S*n:n lChr.5,10 a. D^I^l! 

■ • 

V. 20 mime of an Arabian tribe. 
^^ w*. shout, call, echo. 

• « 

ID^n Ch. (pi c. '^:i?'in) m. cour- 

T T - • ^ 

tier (others: counselor), 
n^n to shout, to call, whence HH 

a. njn . 





Hr\ pr. n. 1) name of Edomite kings 

Qen.36,35 a. 1K.11,U.— 2) name 

of a Syrian god. 
IWnin pr. n. king of »3iV Dig 

2S.8,3' =-«»nT3 10,16. 
llQ'ninn !>*•• w- a place in the plain 

of )hjD Zch.12,11. 
mn to stretch out [the han1| Is. 



ti'^n P^' w. India. 


ynn Urom nnn -, only pi. cnna) 

T • 

m. hill, eminence. 

Dinn pr. n. m. 
T -: 

m iw. n. 28.23,30 =''lin IChr. 11,32. 
H%n (akin to Hyi) to tread down; 

imp. CnriQ D^V^T n^n tread down 
the wicked In their place Jb.40.l2. 

Onn to tread, whence Din . 

Q^^ (c. DIHj iw. foot-stool 


Q-nn Ch. m. a piece ^2^0^ l^P^D 
ye shall be cut in pieces Dan. 

Din (pi D^P15.) w». myrtle. 

riDnn j?**- »■ former name of Bother 

rj^n (akin to n§5a.PlD:; fut. f\ir^l', 

inf. sjnq^ «/". n^nn) to push, to 

thrust, to repulse. 

Tin (/"u^. 11D.P 1) to elevate, to 

lift up; pt. p. pi. D^^^lI Is 45,2 
elevated places, eminences, hills. 
— 2) fig, to adorn, to respect, to 
honor ]p,}^ V? QIT!}] honor the 
face of the old man Lev.19,32; 

Sn: •'ie nino iJ^I and thou Shalt 

• • • • • 

not respect (i. e. give prefer'^nce 
to) the person of the great v. 15; 

•^^n.a ninrj nh Sni neither shalt 

■ . • T. 

thou respect (countenance) a poor 
man in his cause Ex.23,3; pt. p, 
*inn Is.63,1 majestic, glorious. 

Niph. *linj to be esteemed, to 
be honored, to be respected ^^^ 
rr^7]l tkh D^Jj?.! the faces of elders 
were not respected Lam.5,12. 

Hithp '^'S^r\T\ to glorify one- 
self r{% ^:g^' n-inn;! S» do not 

• • • • 

glorify thyself in the presence 
of the king Pr.25,6. 
^in Ch. Fa, '110 to esteem hlghiy, 

to glorify. 

TT • ' • 

m. pride, glory, ornament, beauty 
nyv D'^JiP.t •niq the glory of old 
men is gray hair Pr.20,29; ^V. ^1f 
inn fruit of the elegant tree (ac- 
cording to tradition the J^lil^^ 
Lev.23,40; innS ;'•. Hp the voice 
of the Lord [resoundeth] with 
glory Ps 29,4; tf 1p n.lD? In the 
beauties of holiness 110,3« 
y^n m. respect, glory "TJIJ bi: 

ri^37D exactor of respect to the 
royal dignity Dan. 11, 20 (Eng 
Bible: raiser of taxes In the glorj 
of the kingdom). 
' J^'^^D f' splendor, glory. 

nrrnin see %pin , 

• I • • • 

npi (=nntli) interj. ah! alas! woel 

"in (=.^^1) interj. alas! woel 
«in see nno I a. U. 


HTl see rm. 





SVl prop. pt. of Kin, being, one 
who is, hence: 1) pera. pron. he 
(anciently also f. she, especially 
in the Pentateuch where KIT al- 
ways stands for K'^H) ^h npg Kin 
he said to me Gen 20,5; some- 
times used besides the noun for 
emphasis: KH DJ K^^H Sani and 
Abel, he also brought 4,4; p^ 
n^K D3^ Kin ^/IK ]01 therefore 
will the Lord himself give you 
a sign Is.7,14.— 2) as copula for 
all three persons sing. HVl ^J8 
^dlP'l I Am the one spealcing 
(or: it is I who speali) Is 52,6; 
"'S'rC «^n nns thou art my Icing 
Ps 44,5; D^rl^BH KH ;^ the Lord 
Is God IK.18,39; HJ Kin ^D who is 
this? Est. 7, 5; sometimes with 

nouns pi. Kin h^7) D'^arn rfpn the 

customs of the people arc vain 
t/er.10,3; In^DJ Kin ..0^. '•f?^^ the 

• • • • 

flre-offerings of the Lord... are 
their inheritance Jos. 13,14.— 3) 
dem. pron. that Kin n^^jg on that 
night Gen. 19,33; in this sense 
generally with the def. art. C^^t^n 
Kinn that man Jb. IJ.— pi Dn a. 
t^^\l, which see. 

itVl Ch. pron, he (the same as Heb.). 

Tin , In m. ace. Ges. from Ar. nnj 
to protuberate, to be eminent, 
hence: majesty, splendor, elegance, 
beauty n^^S "inni nin with majes- 
ty and glory art thou clothed 
Ps.104,1; Inin nua his beauty is 
like that of the olive-tree Hos. 

14,7; 1n*<n DID his elegant horse 

Zch.10,3; i'^ip l^n the majesty of 
his voice lfl.30,39; ^nm Tn the 
majesty of his snort Jb.39,20. 

Tin pr, n. m, 

iVM^npr n.m. Ezr.2,40a. lChr.5,24; 


in lChr.9,7 for Tl^i^^n, which see. 
liTnln pr. n. m. lChr.3,24. 

t: - 

iTlIn pr. n, m. 

T • 

nnm p*. n. m. Neh.7,43 =n;n1n 

mn I- -^ ace. Fuerst: to blow, to 


breathe, hence: to live, to exist, 
to be. — 2) ace. some: to be thrown 
down, to fall. 

nTi 11 (from n;n i ; =n;g ; pt. n^p ; 

imp. m., f. ^in) to be, to 

• • • • 

become D'JK^ njTnQ what is to 
man (i. e. what hath man)? £c. 

2,22j Ti^.9^ DD5 nip nnK thou be- 

comest a king unto them Neh 
6,6; TI'^nK^. •T»5^ njq be a lord over 
thy brethren (}en.27,29; nQK^ J^f S 
r^K"K.\n he saith to the snow, 
B? thou on earth Jb-37,6 (ace. 
some: fall upon the earth; see 
njn I. 2)] KIT Eel 1,3 for niT 
shall be, shall remain. 

mn a. ti\r\ Ch. (I n\ir!, 2 ri'i.a a. 
hMl!; r«<. «.in^ for Kl-V, f. Kinci: 

be, to become; with a pt. it forms 
a descriptive tense: riHT nrn I 
was seeing, i. e. I «aw Dan.4,7; 
^711 Kin he was (prop, is) kneel 
ing, i. e. he kneeled 6,11. 




nvi (from njn i. j2; c. nin, «/: 

''Op; P^' ^^^'l) /"• /^ eagerness, 
desire, lust ^B^9i DJO the desire 
of his soul Mic.7,3j e^lClJ D'^yC^T nVI 
the desires of the wicked will he 
cast away Pr.10,3.— 2) mischief, 
destruction rf^D i^Vl ^S until the 
mischief be passed away Ps 57,2; 
riUT ID'n pestilence of destruction 
91,3; nl^n l^tr'? a tongue that 
bringeth destruction (or. mis- 
chievous tongue) Pr.17,4. 

I'Tjn (=np 2) f. mishap, misfortune 

njn'^S ^^ mishap shall come 
upon mishap Ez.7,26. 

DHln !>»••»*• king of Hebron, 


^Tn ifd^'j' alas! woo! 

Tj^n Ch. (fut r\^\i inf. ^nt?; for 

pret, a different verb 718 is used) 

to go. 
r\Vih a. tvhhp f, folly, madness 

ny"5 ri^SSin evil-brlnging madness 


uhTi i8.4i,7 for D.Sin, see uhn . 


n^n (akin to npn , DDH , DHJ; prd. 
DH , »/*. DCH) to perplex, to con- 

fo'und nSin; noino ooni and- he 

9 a • , • • » 

will confound thom with a mighty 
confusion Deut.7,23. 

Niph. Dln3 (fiU. Dl.T) to be 
ngitnt^d, to be set in conimotiOD 
nnijn Onni and the city hath 
beon set in commotion IK. 1,45. 

Hiph. fut. D'^n^ 1) to be noisy 
D1KD mc^nn thry shall be 
by reason of [the multitude ofj 
men Mic.2,12.— 2) to moan T'n^ 

n5\'1gl ^n^i?5 I mourn In my grief 
and moan Ps.55,3. 
DDln pr. n. w. lChr.1,39 =DD^'3 

jVl I. (=]^^) -^>^ *^o be empty, to 
vanish.— 2) to gain by labor, to 
get by effertj hence )l"I II. a. J^H . 

1V1 H- Htp^. /"u*. ]'»rp to exert one- 
self, to make efforts niSfiS U^nni 
njnn ye exerted yourselves to 

go up into the mountain Deut.1,4 
(Eng. Bible: ye were ready). 
Iln (from ]n I. 2) 1) m. wealth, 
riches ]^1 xSj Ps 44,13 for noth- 
ing. — 2) adv. enough ~Hh VfH 
]in rrjpK the Are which never 

saith. Enough Pr.30,16. 

^nln Gen.49,26 usually: my pro- 
genitors {, of iTjrj), but ace. 
Sept.: mountains ("IJ? ^l^H == ''yp 
nv ancient mountains, parallel 
D^^y n'^V^i ; comp. Deut.33,15and 
Hab 3,6). ' 

J^DB^In pr. n. m. lChr.3,18. 

J^B^ln ?»"• w. i; former name of 


Joshua. — 2) the last king of 
Israel. — 3) the prophet Hosea. 
iTtf&*1n pr. n. m. i; Jer.42,1 — J3J 

Neh. 12,32. 
pfill (ace. some old interpreters akin 

to mi).- Pi", no^n {fut. no^np to 

devise mischief ^nrjin;? HiNnr 

I • • • T 

B^^iJ"7g how long will ye devise 

mischief against a man ? Ps.62,4 
(others: storm against, rush upon). 
yr\Ti P^' «. •»• lChr.25,4 a. 28. 

riTH (ace. Ges. a. Puerst akin to 

Tjn) to dream; only pt pi. DVn 
Is.56,10 dreaming. 





in (r= ^nj) m. lamentation Ez.2,10. 
/{\n Heb. a. Ch. pers. pron. she fits 

aplieatlons are the same as those 
of KH , which see) ; pL ]n , n^ri 

^^^^ m. shout of joy (particularly 

of vintagers) Jer.2&,30; 48,33. 
niTH Neh. 12,8 songs of praise (aoc. 

Fuerst: choir), 
rrn (same as riV^ II.; fut. njD! t op. 

r- 'ID ' p^- ^'D. J •^^^ ^^? *"^ ^"5 ' 

mf. 'h^^n , once ri:p. Bz. 21, 15, 
with pre/. n1^l75) 1) tobe, to exist 
^rlDJ n^\} ^h there hath not been 
the likVof it Bx.9,18; Tjey .Tnt< 
I will be with thee Qen.2'6,3; D^JIJ 
f ^§5 njn^ there was (existed) not 
yet^ on tiie earth 2,5; n^^^^n ;p^ 
?l)plp;i the hand of the Lord is 
upon' thy cattle Ex.9,3; 2^^'tkh 

"n^h d:jp5 n^^;3 it is not good 

that the man should be (exist, 
live) alone Gen. 2,18; with a pt. 
of t)ther verbs Hjp (like Ch. njQ) 
forms a descriptive tense: \7P 
TV nj3 and he built (prop, was 
building) a city Qen.4,17; U^ '•^l K^! 
S.^609^ and I was fasting and 
praying Neh.1,4; U'^I^n^'i? ninpp 
our feet stood (were standing) Ps. 
122,2.— With prepositions nj.n 
has the following peculiarities: 
a) with h it denotes: to have 
(prop, to belong to), to be given 
up to ]^V n^n n'»t5^yS the rich man 
had sheep 28.12,2; T\f:nr[ Cn'JK^Z 

they shall be given up to the 
flocks Is. 17,2} of a woman n\n 
tS^^K^ to belong to or become the 
wife of a man: }^'t6 "^nn tkh] and 
thou shalt not belong to any man 
Hos.3,5; B^^^^ rf^^9 ^^£1 I am 
too old to become the wife of a 
man R.1,12. h) with D : to move 
from, to be separated, to depart 

hr}irh^ SrjkB n.>p(<; and i have 

been moving from tent to tent 
lChr.17,5; VH TJtJlJ those that were 
separated from thee Zph.3,18; tkb 
n''ti\h}y n^P D^I? n^'l there shall 
no more thence depart (1. e. die) 
an infant of a few days ls.65,20. 
c) with DV : to be with, to side 
with ^n^jna or Vrj ^h they were 
not (i. e. did not side) with Ado- 
niah IK. 1,8; of a woman: to be 
with, to have intercourse with 

npy ni^^i^ nS?tt aatf ^ to ue by 

her, to have intercourse with her 
Qen.30,10; Dy HNl sometimes de- 
notes: to be or to have in mind 

Tjijv n>^rng';5 ng^g ]vi forasmuch 

as this is in thy mind lK.ll,ll! 
d) with ^i\y5 : to appear, to seem 
to one SCl?ni}5 VfV^ -0'!?] and 
1 shall seem to him as a deceives 
Qen.27,12.— Followed by the inf. 
with h , iTH denotes: a) to be about 
«iS B^pta^n ^;7^.1 and the sun was 
about going down Gen.15,12; %'lp 
TJp'j *11?8^D when it was about 
[time] to shut the gate Jo8.5,2. 
h) to be bound, must nviij) tki] 
yp.^n? and No must be broken 
into Ez 30,10. c) to be inclined 




T : V 

0^r\h», IS^IlS ^TO and he was In- 
clined to 'seek God 2Chr.26,5. — 

2) to arise, to appear, to come 
on *1^W \T1 and there was (i. e. 
appeared) light Gen. 1, 3; ri^NlJ 
*ip53n when it was morning (when 
the morning came on) Kx.19,16.-^ 

3) to become nhji i^V^ V^l and 

• • • 

she became a pillar of salt Gen. 
19,26; frequently with S: ^SQi 
D^5p7 n^n thy silver is become 
dross Is. 1,22; n^^^^h ^^^71] and be 

• • • 

(become) men IS.4,9. — 4) to hap- 
pen, to come to pass iS iTH np 
what happened to him? Ex.32,1; 
HE'D rfD '•nClb* ^TJ and it came 

• • • 

to pass after the death of Moses 

Niph, n^n^ 1) to be brought 
about, to be accomplished '•iJlJQ 
IJ^D f^;^l4 by me hath this thing 
been brought about IK.12,24; HlSjn 
e^SjS i1S/5 '^i'^i ^ desire accom- 
plished is pleasant to the soul 
Pr.13,19.— -2;to become Dy^ nVH^ 
thou art become a people Deut.27, 
9.— 5) ace. Stb.: to be troubled, 

disturbed ^n''S^:1 ^nv.nj I was 

• • • • « 

troubled and was sick Dan.8,27; 
^^1V nn^nj injl?1 and his sleep 
was disturbed 2,1 (Buxtorf ren- 
ders iT'n^ confici *wa8 grieved'). 

n\n Ktib Jb.6,2 a, 30,31 for 7m 

T- ^ 

ruin, calamity. 

D1\T see t^> . 

-^^ (=TfJ^ <^^' how. 

<^« V.yn) w». palace, temple. 
^^\1 m. prop, brightness, hence: 
morning'Star, Lucifer 18.14,12. 

^C^'^ P**- »*• ^/^ a wise man of Solo- 
mon's time. — 2) b. chief singer 

Vn w*. a measure for liquids (=:6th 
part of a ns or 12 J^). 

IDn ace. Stb. =ni3 to digj only 
once in ^*13n0 Jb 19,3 ye dig un- 
der me, i. e. ye seek my hurt 
(Eng. Bible: ye make yo irselves 
strange, from *Q^. 

TTQT} (from IDj; c. mjH) f. ap- 
pearance Dn\j9 ri^^O the appear- 
ance of their face Is.3,9 (Eng, 
Bible: the shew of their counte- 

K7n to remove; only f. 

ng^nj Mic. 4,7 removed far ofl 
(Eng. Bible: cast far off). 

riN^n (from K^rj) adv. away, far- 

T ; T 

ther, beyond, forward ns^lTr^ 
stand away (i. e. stand back) 
Gen.l9,9j p^^l) HN^np beyond 
Damascus Am.5,27; 'nN*"m TiaO 

' ' T : TT • : • 

beyond thee (literally: from thee 
and farther) IS. 20,22 (opposite 
n|::; T1?P v. 21 on this side of 
theeV, nVf^K Df9 forward from 
there (literally: from thence and 
farther) 10,3; also of time: for- 
ward, onward ng^m K^HH Dl\np 
flpom that day and forward IS. 
18,9 a. Lev.22,27; HK^IJ Kin"]? 
since their being and onward (i e. 



from their beginning hiiherto) Is. 
b^bn (from SVi ; only pi. D'^^^^n 

Lev.19,24 a. Jud.9,24) m. prop. 
pra*se, rejoicing, hence: harvest- 

DiSn see D^n . 

fjn pron, m. a. /". this, that; other 

ferms: n^rj m., V^n f 

lIvH (from T]Sn) m. step; only pi: 

' */". ''3^'PlI Jb.29,6 my steps. 

na^Sn (onlyi^l. ni^^Sn.) ^ walk, 

march DpJ^^qs Nah.2,6 in their 
walk; fig, way, manner, conduct 
Hfl^S n^yhri the ways of her 
household Pr.31,27; I*? oSiy nlD^Sr] 
ihe ways of the world are his 

?]^n (fut ?]!?:. , rarely ^hn^ ; pt. TJ^h ; 

imp. Ip, ; ^w/". ^^'^n ; verb, n nj^^ , 
«/". ^^?./J i> to go, to walk (in 
the widest sense) n??K hv ?]Hn '•^8 
17A"I '•^K I go whither I may 2s! 
15,20; ^ir'a^ TjSn he went to his 

house is.10,26; nnt?tj n^j Sk njS 

to go to the house of feasting 
Ec.7,2; with acciis.: to go through 
13190-':'? ns ^% and we went 
through all the wilderness Deut. 
l,19j pod. nipn? ?ll;^n he that 
walketh in righteousness Is.33,15; 
fjH T]Sln that goclh after wind 
Mic.2, 11. — T]^n sometimes ex 
presses the continuance of an 
action: nlDg\ ?|iSn ^n D^.ign the 
waters depreased continually Gen. 
^Jb; h^iX TlHl ...nviO the lad . .. 

was continually growing IS.2,26.— 
2) to flow, to melt niJTP Dlyj^H 
3^n the hills shall flow with miik 
Jo.4,18; D:e nj^l^n D1515 ^5 all 
knees shall mnlt into water (i.e. 
become weak) Ez21,l:i.~ The imp. 
often has the meaning of an interj , 
as: Tjn^PSI ^i) come, I will send 
theel Gen.37,13; HJ^Al 1D^ come, 
let us go! IS.9,9. 

Niph. T]^nj to be gone, to vanish 
^W^.ni Wti:? *?y.31ike the shadow 
when it declineth I vanish Ps. 

Pi' i?.^ iM. ^^np to go or walk 
about 1a-^3^n D^^yitr foxes walk 
about on it Lam.5,18i pt. ^^HIJ 
Pr.6,11 a rover, a wanderer. 

Hiph. Tl''*?^ {imp. f. ^yj^'^n Ex, 
2,9 for '•3;>in; pt. ?|'«i?to) 1) to 
cause to go, to lead, to carry 
T]^53 ^J5 ;^0 he was leading thee 
on the way Jer.2,17;"ng!]''^lKnjK 
^rpIG whither should I carry my 
shamed 28.13,13; T1''H^ D^.5fn f\*\y 
^?lI"DW a bird of the sky (lir) 
can carry the sound Ec.10,2.— 
2) to cause to flow ]LfS CnnriJ 
T]''.i8< I will cause their rivers 
to flow like oil Ez 32,14. 

Hithp. TJ^Hiin to go about, to 
walk 143 T]§n09 walking in the 
garden Gen.3,8; poet. ^PJ^HO? 
^C^9&3 1 have walked in thy 
truth* Ps.26,3. 

TtS"! Ch. Pa. TJpn to go along. Aph, 

r6ri^ ion]y l^p^THD) to walk 


1 1 

V !•• 



* T 

TT^n »». i> wanderer, traveller.— 

2) course, stream tS^^l TlSr] a 
stream of honey 1S.U,26. 
tpn Ch. m. tax, toll. 

?9n I. (/u^. h'rC , 1)1. l^n; ; verb. n. 
9n , 5/1 l^i^) prop, to be bright, 
hence: 1) to shine i'lj Sh^^ when 
his lamp shone Jb.20,3.-^ 2) to 
boast, to be proud ^^hip'^TH ye 
shall not boast Ps.75,5 (Eng. 
Bible: deal not foolishly; see 

^b^i II.). 

Pi^ h^n (fut. h!fn) ; imp. h^n, f. 

'•'ri'l , l>i. ^y?0) V to commend, to 
praise liyir^g H^h iy?n;i and 
they commended her t^ Pharaoh 
Gen.l2,15;npS7g praise the Lord 
Ps.H7,2; with ^: to give praise 
t^h ^^U) and to give (or sing) 
preise to the Lord lChr.25,3.— 
2) to boast ^:S^n D'»ijSKa of God 
we boast Ps.4i,9. 

Pi*, hhri {f^. h'2f?1 ; pi. hhnu) 

to be praised, to be renowned 
nto S^np^ >^, Sina great is the 
Lord and highly praised Ps.48,2; 
'^^J'JD "T^V^ the renowned city I 
Rz.2G,17; ^^^Vl «S ^pihnj^ Ps. 
78,63 ace. Ges,: his maidens were 
not celebrated in nuptial songs 
(comp. Ch. kS^tH nuptial song), 

Hiph, fut. ?.7J to shine brightly, 
to diffuse light S.T^jn^K the 
light when it shone brightly Jb. 
31,26; DJiK \hr\^ l^S ...DIDB^H ^353 
the stars of the heavens... shall 
Qot diffuse their light Is. 13,10. 

Hdhp. S.^nnri l) to be praised 

*?^W/3 K^? imBT. n^« a woman 
that feareth the Lord she shall 
be praised Pr.31,30.— 2) to boast 
oneself '•p^pj ^^UO^ 113 my soul 
shall boast herself in the Lord 

P8.34,3 np89? nJn *?.^nnr^8 let 

not him that girdeth on the armour 
boast himself as he that putteth 

it off iK.20,ii; nrjj S.^nnp-HB 

why boastest thou thyself in 
mischief? Ps.52,3. 

^St 11. (ace. Fuerst identical with 

- T 

Ar. 7m to err) Po. hhSn {fut. SHnj) 

1) to be foolish, to be mad;p<.|>i. 
n^^b^n Ps75,5 fools, madmen 
(otherwise: boasters; see hhn L).— 

2) to befool, to make mad p^V^ 
D^n '.HT oppression maketh a 
wise man mad Ec.7,7. 

Pod hhT{ (pt Sjinp) to be mad, 
to rave ''i^^lD they that are mad 
against me Ps. 102,9. 

Hithpo. hh^^0<7 J) to be mad 
^SHno; Cip'^KJ they are mad upon 
their horrid idols Jer. 50,38.— 
2) to feign oneself mad "DK IjgJI 
^.;?1C^J M.ibyB and he changed 
his behavior and feigned himself 
mad IS.21,14.— 5) to rush madly 
333n iSSino; the chariots rush 
madly along Nah.2,5. 

pt p. D^^rn ; inf. 6^^) 1) to strike, 

to beat itrKi npm Knp^p np^ni 

she struck Sissera, she crushed 
his head Jud.5,26; ^D.Sd D!^^ ^b.VS 

•3^'?.^*'?^ *^o lords of nations have 

• • * 

beaten down its vines Is 16.8; 




nv^ dSIH he that strlketh on the 
anvil l8.41,7 (=DS^n).— 2) ace. 
Ges.: to be beaten to pieces, to 
be scattered dSrjl 1\h^X and [the 
multitude] was continually scat- 
tered IS.14,10 (others: ran hither 
and thither; see dS^ below). — 
3) fig. to overcome \)l ^B^*?r| those 
who are overcome by wine Is.28,1. 

qSt adv, hither, here dSh i:ipn-*?|{ 

draw not nigh hither Ex.3,5; 2W^ 
DtH iSS his people return hither 

Ps.73,10; ^«n nriBi ''0''«^ ^^n Dia 

have I also here looked after 
him that seeth me? Qen.16,13. 


n^D*p»l (from D^H) /". prop, striking, 

hence: hammer njn|^B*n ^iS^ ^^^ 
D''^?.?. n^D^nS nr^^l she put her 

• • • T 

hand to the nail, and her right 
hand to the hammer of the work- 
man Jud.5,26. 

on pr. n. a place where the Cpt 

dwelt Oen.14,5. 

Din (from norj) m. bustle, noisy 

mullitudej only with af, DHpnO 

on a. n^ppron. m. pZ. of HIH : they, 

themselves; with def. art. those 
Onn D'«p^»3 in those days Jud.21,25. 

KmiSn pr. n. father of Haman 

TIT : - 

nen (akin to DDH a DHi : fid. n©n;., 

1 npnB a. n;9nst ; pt. n^in, f. ni^n 
a. n^ Q n , ;)i. nion a. ni^pn) prop. 

to hum, hence: to be noisy, to 
rage, to growl, to howl, to coo, 

to moan, to roar (according as 
it is applied to human beings, 
beasts, elements of nature, etc.) 
D^.^<3 \0n nations rage P8.46,7; 
0^9*13 n^jlj we growl like bears 
18.69,11; Dfp ^Dp;, they will howl 
(or gnarl) like dogs Ps.59,7: ^Ji*? 
rfon D^5 n1''pAn like the doves 
of the valleys all of them cooing 
(moaning) Ez.7,16;V^i IDH) though 
its waves be roaring (tossingl 
Jer.5,22; fig. of strong drink: ^h 
*15{? TM^'n ];V2 wine is a mocker, 
strong drink is noisy Pr.20,1 ; of 
the agitation of the heart or soul: 
•»*? nijin ^^h my heart maketh a 
noise in me Jer 4,19; '^^V '•Dnn-np 

• • • • 

why art thou (my soul) disquieted 
within me? Ps.42,12; of the in- 
ward disturbance of the soul 
compared to the sound of the 
harp: ^Dqj "niipS :i«^D*3 ^SB my 
bowels shall sound like an harp 
for Moab Is.16,11; pt f. njljn noisy, 

tumultuous nnjn ni^^ijj ng^t? the 

woman of folly is noisy Pr.9,13; 
.TDin n^y tumultuous city Is.22, 
2; also substantively: noisy place 
or street rf»ljh tJ^J^IJ at the head 
of the noisy streets Pr.1,21. 

T\liiT\ see DH, 


ISn see )isn . 
n'p^DI see n' 

T « 

]lDn (c. ]toq ; pi. D'»ibn.) m 1) noise, 
tumult, commotion nj.*]!? ]iDn the 
noise of a town Jb.39,7; D*"©?; |iDn 
D^55 the tumult of many people 




Is.17,12; ?l^:gD ]^Dn. the commotion 
of thy bowels 63,15 (Eng. Bible: 
the yearning).— 2) multitude |ton 
DJ^5 multitude of nations Gen. 17, 
4; J^DJ ponn the multitude was 
dissolved (became scattered) IS. 
14,16.— 3) abundance J^Oq ^ip 
Q^l^ the noise of the abundance 
of rain IK.18,41 (Fuerst: splash 
of rain); D^ ]ton the abundance 
'of the sea l8.60,*5j with 8f. D3JDn 

• • • • 

your raging Ez.5,7 (some regard 
this word as a verb, n.; see ]5n)« 

llDH a- ^^J? Ch. pron. m. they, also 

accus, them Dan.2,34 a. Ezr.4,10. 

nJlOn jw. «. symbolic name of the 

place for the overthrow of JUtJ 

n^Dn /". sound, noise; only c. DIDH 

T : V • ^ 

T]^9j^ the noise of thy harps Is. 

14,1 1! 
^Cn to roar, whence n^PQ. 
n*?Dn f. noise, tumult. 

aen (=Din -, «/•. "i^pija, 0990, 1 once 

'O^n ; M- o> , ap. an;, sf. 057; ; 

mf. oh , 8f. VS^) I) to put Into 
strong motion, to drive 7374 D505 

• • • 

^n*^^? and though he drive over 

■ • • 

it the wheel of his wagon Is.28, 
28 — 2) to bring into confusion, 
to confound, to disturb "D^ '"OSHJ 
Dyn"7j and I will bring into con- 
fusion all the people Ex.23,27; 
Dlgnn^ TXD nSc^ send thy arrows 

• • • • 

and confound them Ps.l44,6;Dp5n 
'"J^? '?5 ^® confounded them with 
all Icind of distress 2Chr.l6,6. 

ion to rage; only verb. n. af, ]iy 
D^.iiin IP DpjDQ because ye rage 
[against God] more than the 
heathens Ez5.7 (see also I^DH). 

]Dn pr. n. Haman, a Persian cour- 
tier, enemy of the Jews Est. 3,1. 

TJpn Ch. {def. «yj9n) m. bracelet^ 
collar Dan .5,7. 

D^DOn w. |)l brushwood Is.64,1. 

in I. pron. f. pi. from K^H: they, 

themselves; with prep. ]n| a. JHJ 
in them, jrij like them, ]D^ to 
them or for them; ]np from them. — 
\T}h R.1,13 for m. DHJ , as it oc- 
curs in reference to male persons 
(ace. Stb. this ]nS is related to 
•^in n* and is an adverb denoting: 
till then). 

|n II. {=r^jPl) l)vntefj. lo! behold! 

"•flK ntfri;. n behold, thou hast 
driven me out Gen. 4, 14.— 2) 
whether, if n^^TJ n/p^H ]n ^K^^ and 
see if any thing like this hath 
happened Jer.2,10. 

]n Ch 1) interj. lo! behold! WK ]r7 

^i^^^. behold, there is our G«'d 
Dan.3]l7.— 2) if DD KS'tD-Si? n 
if it seem good to the king Ezr. 
5,17; ]n ..•]n whether... or IVOh p 
••C^l?^? ]n whether it be unto death 
or to banishment 7,26. 

tl3!^ I- {=][} \') pron. f. pi. from t<**^: 
they, themselves; with def. art. 
^in? those; with prep. 3: like 
these, such ri^n^ '^n'^^y'Hh 1 never 
saw any like these Gen. 41,19^ 



nin^l n|ri52S.12^ is an expression 
denoting: many more like these 
things, as much more. 

nan n. adv. hither, here n|n ^m 
^approach hither Jos.3,9; T^V^t^ 
n|n •♦♦'•^ swear unto me... here 
Qen.21.23; H^ril njH ^VII.!! and 
they parted hither and thither 
2K.2,U; n^[\\ TJtJP fi om theo hither 

IS.20,21; njn TO °" ^^^ ^^^ 
hitherward Jer.50,5: n|n nXT thus 
far Num 4,19 or of time: till now 
Qen 15,1 &. 

nsni) interj. behoHl lo! ^i^d^nsn 

•• • 

DjS behold, 1 have given unto 
you Gen.1,29; D^»J^ D'^p; njH be- 
hold, days are coming l8.39,6; 
nv;^ n4n behold, he was forming 
Am.7,1; ;rnH. ^D!)^ nJ-J lo, blflss 
ye the Lord! PsilSi^l.— 2) here, 
there (in this sense T^}Jli is con- 
DPCted with the notion of being) 
''iJWjn^'l there [she is] in the 
tent Gen.l8,Q; with«f. '•Jjn, f> ^J3?7 
a. '»?,jn here I am; 71^n,*'*^;i,in , f. 
r\^ here thou art; IjH , ^njn , }^n 
there he is; pi. ^y^n , ^ ^Jjn here 
we are; DJjn here you are; D|n 
there they are.— With a pt. H^n 
frequently indicates the future 
tense: ^^aSTHN «"?» '•«•} I will 
bring a fload Gen.6,17;'np T]5n 
thou Shalt die 20,3; sometimes it 
indicates the present tense: D|n 
D^n^y they stretch forth Ez.8,17. 

nH3n /". permission of rest, release 

of 'taxes ni^y rfrntpS np^q he 


made a release of taxes to the 
provinces Est.2,18. 

J/3n !>»•. ^- «^ <5ity in Mesopotamia, 
nfiin ^w/". of n^i , which see. 

Cn »»<«:/• lilst! hush! silence (prop. 
imp. of Hijn , which see). 

non to hiss.— Hiph. only /u*. D ni 
to' still, to silence TlK aS; DHiJ 
Dl^n and Caleb stilled the people 
Num. 13,30.— Pi. only imp. DH 
Am.6,10, pi 'iDl Neh.8,11 be alien tl 
be still 1 

nj^Sn (from i^B) f. cessation, in- 

termission Lam.3,49. 

rjsn (fuf. rfsn: ; pt ?isn ; p«.|). i\\s>n • 

inf. ^^Sn ; verb. n. TjBq , «/•. ''JSH) 
i; «r. to turn, to turn over ?]B5] 
n^i|"^8 and turning it upon its 
face (upside down) 2K.21,13; with 
f\iV: to turn one's back, to flee 
Jos.7,8; with T : to wheel about 
IK.22,34, also to direct one's hand 
iT TjBniDp;''? ?18 surely against 
me doth he again and again di- 
rect his hand Lam.3,3; pt. p. HJr 
ny^BD ^^? a cake not turned over 
Hos.7,8.— 2) intr. to turn about, 
to turn back ?lj?pl ^ISqni and she 
turned about and went away 
2Chr.9,12; an[J Di''? ^D?n they 
turned back in the day of battle 
Ps.78,9.— S) to change VHJl "^B? 
i:'»j;-ng the plague hath changed 
its color Lev. 13,55; also inir. t^ 
be turned \^ Tjgn was turned 




white 13,3; with ^ : to turn into, 
to cliange into ntt*22S DJ. TJgn he 
changed the sea into dry land 
Ps. 66,6; with omission of h '- 
d:d DJg niyn ^59nn who changeth 
the rocic into a pool of water 114, 
8.— 4) to overthrow "DS TlBDiJ 
'85 D^iyn and he overthrew these 
cities Qen.19,25; "ng '»?9n \"3^5S 
TSjn that I will not overthrow 
this city 19,21; D59 '•igpsn I have 
made an overthrow among you 
Am.4,11. — 5) to pervert D^?BlL« 

D^;D D'TI^S ^n5TnS but ye* per- 
• • • • 

vert the words of the living God 
Jer.23,36; D33pn 18.29,16 your 

• • • T 

perverseness! (aec. Stb. from the 
verb. n. T|Brt 5 ace. Puerst from ?]§n , 
which see). 

Niph. T1B.79 (fut. 1\pn\\pt 1\^r}i ; 
inf. TJ^SlIJ) V to turn oneself; with 
7g: to turn about or back on 
^T^in *?8 ^er7JM.Drn the people- 
turned back upon the pursuers 
Jos.8,20; with hv : to be turned to, 
to come upon D^ jlDri T|^,Sy TJgiT 
unto thee shall be turned the 
abundance of the sea Is. 60, 5; 
n''"nV n'»j;y ^Dpnj her puins came 
upon Iier IS.4,19; with 3: to be 

turned against '•^'^^S!?.-} they were 

• • • 

turned against me Jb.19,19.— 2) 
to be changed, to be turned into, 
with h : nnw tr'»KS Mgnjl and thou 
Shalt be changed into another 
man IS. 10,6; ]!(;) Vi^U ^fi^J the 
plague was turned into white 
Lev.13,17; I§.^n ^n^D ^S Wfinj TB 
iT^p^ how art thou changed unto 

me into the wild shoots of a 
strange vine? Jer.2,21; fig. to be 
perverse 1^1^75 ^fi'H.i he that is 
perverse of the tongue (prop, that 
is changed with the tongue) Pr. 
17,20.— 3) to be changed or turned 
to the contrary N^ n^^'D.l) it be- 
ing, however, turned to the con- 
trary Est.9,1.— 4jto be overturned, 
to be overthrown Hgnj n''f)nn] 

• • • • • • 

E^K"iD3 and under its surface it 
is overturned as it were with fire 
Jb.28,5: nsenp. r^^i>; Nineveh shall 

• • • • • 

be overthrown Jon.3,4. 

Hovh. 1\!^Tli^ to be turned HSrin 
mnj3 ''2§ terrors are turned upon 
me Jb.3G,15. 

uithp. "!]enori (pt r\sUO^) V to 

turn oneself, to revolve 11105 
fljgnripn the sword which turnetk 
itself "Gen.3,24.— 2) to roll one- 
self Tieoop onVi? o± h^if a 

baked cake of barley bread was 
rolling round Jud.7,13.— 5/to be 
changed Dpin *1Bn? ^BQW she is 
changed as the sealing-clay Jb. 

?|Bn , ^fin wi. the reverse, the con- 

TjSn w*. perverseness (ace. Fueret 
the stem for D3?&n Is.29,16 your 

• • • T 

perverseness !). 

rUSn f. overthrow, destruction. 
T •• -: 

T|B3£n adj, turned, crooked, per- 

n*?Xn /". deliverance. 

T 7 


m. battle-axe. 





TH idef, npri ; pi D^n , def. D^TfJJJ ; 

but Cin P8.75,5 belongs to On 

Eiph,^ which see) m. mountain, 
mount Deut.33,Itt; 4,11; ^^P "^D 
Mount Sinai Ex. 19,11; piHD 

Mount Zion Is. 24,23; occurs in 
many names of mountainous re- 
gions, as : D^igK nn , n-ji-i: ^U , 

i|^y. nn , •T'yj? Sn , etc.; with n Zoc 

nnj3 Gen. 14,10, (fe/: n:^r\n 12,8.— 

See also *15?» *^5!v* 
Tn (»n old form for ^IQ; pr. n. i^ 

a mountain in the south-east of 
Palestine, where Aaron died Num. 
^0,22. — 2) a north-eastern branch 
of Lebanon Num. 34, 7. In both 
instances it is Joined to the word 
IJjn (nnp nn the mount Hor). 

HUn pr. n. a mountainous district 


in Assyria lChr.5,26. 
7Min m. the hearth of Qod. the 

*• • mm 

altar Bz.43,15=^8n.K , which see. 

3TT (Arf. i-nqi; i^e. ijn ; pe. p. inp) 

to kill, to murder, to slay. 
Niph. JD^J ifut. ng?.; mf. with 

prep. :iin| *Ez. 26,6 for Jn^n?) to 
be killed.' 
Pi*. Jin to be slain. 

yV\ m, killing, slaughter. 
nnn/'.kil!ing,slaughtern^nqn ]^V 

the flocks destined for the slaugh- 

ny: (/W. ap, nop ; mf. rinn , inn) i; to 

conceive, lo be pregnenn.?pinnn3 
und she conceived and bcre Qen4,l: 
HQ^n ^p K*Jp1 and when she saw 

that she had conceived 16,4; fig. 
to conceive in mind ih^] ^OV nnn 
*^ he conceiveth mischief and 

bringeth fortn falsehood P8.7,15,* 
pt. f. tV^*\T\{8fMy^TX) parent, mother 
Gant.3,4; pt pi, in. D^'lin parents, 
progenitors, 8f, ^l^n Qen.49,26. 
Fu» n^n to be conceived n^^j3 

n^j njn nc^ the night when it wad 

said, There hath been a male child 
conceived Jb.3,3; itif. ^,h l8.5tt,13. 

n VI (c. nnn ; pi. rtnn) adj. /*. preg- 

TT • 

nant, with child rflh nnn [she 
was]wlth child, near to be delivcrd 
IS.4,19; W^i^zf} nnn pregnant by 
whoredom Gen.38,24; oj^iy nin 
perpetually pregnant Jer.20,17; 
pi 8f. rfjpiin 2K.8,12 a. .TOn? 
Hos.14,1 their pregnant women, 
■irnn Ch. (pZ. I'^innn) m. thought, 

fancy, revery (ace. Stb. a redupl. 
of n^n to conceive in mind). 

inn w. conception, pregnancy; «^ 

T]jnn Gen. 3, 16. 
II^Tn w. same as ]^*iiJ« 

nom f. ruin. 
T •-: 

n^D^in f. destruction. 

• •• 

D*in !>''. ». a king of Canaan. 


]lbnn (=r018) w. tower, castle. 

]Tn pr- ». -(^ brother of Abraham, 

father of Lot Gen.11,26.— 2) IChr. 
23,9.— 3) I'jn iT'S a place in Gad 
=D^n iT"?. Jos. 13,27. 

Din (/"M^. Din!, Dnn;..; pt dti; !>«. 
p. D^nn ; imp. "Din , «/*. np*in) to 

pull down, to destroy K^J Din^ 
n^^^ he puUeth down and thoi 



Din ISO 


can bo no rebuilding Jb, 12, 14; 
^ll?"!??. ^19289 from thy post shall 
he pull thee down 18.22,19; of the 
teeth: to break iC?? 1D\3?^-Dja 
break out their teeth in their 
mouth P8.58,7; with 7g : to break 
through ;i-Sw ^Onrij i8 lest they 
break through unto the Lord Ex. 

Niph. D?ru (fut. Dnn:.) to be 

• • • • 

pulled down, to be destroyed. 

P*. Dnn ifut. Dig:; pt- Dinp) to 

destroy, to pull down. 
D*in w. destruction; only once Ty 

n^U city of destruction 18.19,18 
(ace. some =01130 T? city of the 
Sun, i. e. Heliopolis). 

"TVI (= *^D) «•• mountain; only 


once sf, ^Tjil my mountain ! (in 

allusion to Judah) Jer.17,3. 
*1*iri (= *in) m. mountainj sf, ^110 

rs.30,8, D^in Gen. 14,6; pi c. "'153 , 
V* D":.!! Deut8,9. 

nin a. nin ^enf. Hararlte 28.23,11 

and 33. 
D2^n pr. n. m. IChr. 11,34 =]!?^ 2S. 

n^yCE^n (from PB^j /". a causing to 

hear, an announcement Ez.24,20. 
n^inriiS^n f- bowing, prostration; 

only once ^O^JflHtt^n? in prostrat- 
ing myself 2K.5,18. ' 

^VTl (from ?]0j) m. melting (of 

rtianm^. association nniQon im 

V^j} and from the time of his 
associating with Dan. 11,23. 

T|nn pr. n. Persian courtier. 
9nn (akin to S^n) to trick. 

P«. ^07 (/w*. *^{?Q^.) to mock, to 

D vHn wt. pi. mockery, derision. 

nnn see rm 

- T 


) the sixth letter of the alphabet, 
called Vav =Vl nail or hook, from 
its similarity to that form; as a 
numeral i =6, V =6,000.— The 
consonantal sound of ^ (r) some- 
times dissolves into u or o, as in 
in (Ih4, nie^ shor. At the begin- 
ning of roots ^ is changed into ^ 
and only rarely asserts itself in 
the inflections and derivatives, 
as; np; (for njj), Niph. fut. njV. ; 

i?i (for lh), Niph. fut. ihvi and 
n. ibl. 


1 (before ^ , 1 , D , B and before 
Sheva ^ : KJ^ , iVIl , -i^D^ , ED^p^ 
"Ijni ; before a distinctive accent 
}:Di;Ez.5,17,n3-r! Gen.46,21; be- 
fore a vowelless ^ it is punctated 
V. T1J'»?''J, np;5j before a Ctiatoph 
its vowel assimilates with that 
of the Chatoph : dSqI, nORI) conj. 

p • a ■ 




t) and B>3ni iptfl DnVi?1 D'PO 

• • • 

wheat, and barley, and oil. and 

honey Jer.41,S} DJI Hjn? ^T] and 

they shall have dominion over 

the fish of the sea Gen.1,26.— 

2) then HJ^p^'Rl h^t!^T\ D« if thou 
• • • 

wilt go to the left, then I will 
go to the right Gen.l3,Q.— 3) that 

W^ ^^W' 'J? ^^ ^31 speak to 
the children of Israel, that they 
go forward Ex.14,15.— 4) con- 
sidering that, seeing that THQ 
^ilK OnWJ?^ D{?b*] ''i'tf DflWJ where- 
fore come ye to me, seeing that 
ye do hate me Geu.26,27.— Join- 
ed to verbs in the indicative 
mood, 1 in addition to Mb being 
a conjunction has the function of 
converting the past tense into 
the future and the future into the 
pa^t (in the latter case punctated 
1), thus: *1DN he said, IDg] and 
he will say? *18^^ he will say, 
19^*1 i^ no^in) and he said. 

XT\ V- ^' * place in Arabia. 

im !>*■• ♦»• & place on the border 

•• T 

between the Amorites and the 
Moabites; occurs in the fragment 
of an old war song Hg^DJ ^nrnw, 
Vaheb in a tempest Num.21, 14. 

IT m. hook, peg, nail; ^. D^l^^ Ex. 
"" 38,28; c. M; 27,10; sf, DH?.; 38,19. 

•ITI ace. Ges. (by analogy with Ar. 


nn) burdened with guilt ^6?B3 
TJi^''*{ ^ll^ perverse is the way 
of a man burdened with guilt 
Pr.21,8; old interpreters class *1JJ 
with Tt, which see. 

NDT^I W' **• son of Haman. 

n*5l m. child. 


n*5T Ktib 2S.6,23 for 1^.:, child. 

• : t 

\'^E'*1 pr. n. wife of Artaxerxes. 


T the seventh letter of the alphabet, 
called Zayin^ from ] .^^J a weapon, 
because of its similarity to a 
pointed weapon (sword or dagger), 
as numeral t=7, *i=7,000. 

3KT (pi. D'';iBi , c. "ar?!) v m. woif.- 

•• • • ■ 

2) pr. n. m. Jud.7,25. 
nJ^T P^on, dem. f. 1) this, that (from 
m, nt); it either includes the 
person in itself and stands alone. 

as nf ^ wnp;. rwkth this one shall 
be called Woman Gen.2,23, or is 
put after the noun, in which case 
both have the def. art ^ as IS?^ 
ni^tn this well 21,30; preceding 
a noun ni<T sigoifiest this is, as 
D'^^^U ri'-H ni^r this is the sign ot 
the covenant 9,12.— n^T ...n^t 
the one... the other IK.3,23.— 2) 
this, this thing ^e^£ n^? this do 
ye Gen.45,17, 





3iT to hover about, whence iCT. 
HiT to present with, to endow with 

D^rt*^^. ^nj! God hath endowed 
me with Gen .30,20. 

IDT w. present, gift. 


liT iw. n. m. lChr.2,36 etc. ='1?l?^ 

.(perh. njn'*) 2K.12,22. 
^•=!3T !>»'. w. m. Jos 7,1 =^91 lChr.2,6. 

• • • • «« 

nn3T , ^^1131 1>^- «• w. of several 


n^T (l>i. c. '•a^at) m. fly, gad-fly 
njD '»3UT death-bringing (poison- 
ous) flies Ec. 10,1.— :i^^I *?5?3 
Beelzebub 2K. 1, 2, a Philistine 
deity at Ekron, the destroyer of 
pernicious insects. 


n^ST (Ktib) pr. n. w. Ezr.8,14. 

m^iT (Kri for HT^T) |)r. n. /: 2K. 

')«T, ^^l (from *?;^r) m. dwelling, 
habitation nS^T IBy nX trpp the 
sun and the moon stood still in 
their dwelling Hab.3,11; D'J^V] 

*h S^tD bi«tr rrh:h and their form' 
• • • • — • 

jhall waste away because of the 
grave having become their dwell- 
ing Ps. 49, 155 of the heavens! 
qtrnp Sutp from the habitation 
of thy holiness Is.63,15. 

rt^^DT !>'"• «• Zebulun, son of Jacob, 

also tribe and territory named 
after him. 

n3T (A**, ns!!,- pt nir, pi. D^iiy-, 

imp, njT; m/". n^I) to slaughter, 
to kill, to sacrifice. 

Pi. nsi {M, par. ; pt D.ait5 ; ^A 
O.nL) to sacrifice frequently. 

'^nai) w. i^ slaughter, sacrifice* — 
2) pr, n. a king of Midian. 
^3T P^' w. m. 

HTDT see nnuT . 

NrST pr. n. m. 
T • : 

7iT to surround, to cover, whence 


9UI; /?^. to dwell or lie with 
"•tr^ij ^iSjp. my husband will dwell 
with meGen.30,20. 
^DT see h^^X . 

« • • 

ll'?aT see pSiai . 

]2T Ch. to acquire, to gain NJ.'JV 
P3; ]\njS ye wish to gain time 

jIT ^' shell, husk (of fruits). 


IT (from nn; pL. on.r) adj. proud, 

impudent, wicked, 
jint (from nn; c. ]iirj «/". ^pl) m. 

pride, haughtiness, impudence, 
nt jy <i^*». l>»'on. m. this; it either 


includes the person in itself and 
stands alone, as *131Q 'It this one 
is speaking Jb.1,17, or is put after 
the noun, in which c«se both have 
the def. art, as Htn "IJ?- *^*® 
thing Gen.20,10; preceding a noun 
nj. signifies: this Is, as "IJJ- ^J 
this is the thing Lev.8,5, but 
sometimes it has the same signi-. 



.'Ication as when following the 
aoun: D'^^Sn Ht this house Ezr.3,12 
(same as n^ rilSO)! it also stands 
after a noun as genitive, as THQ 
n{. the value of this IK.21,2; with 
prep. n{5 as this Gen.41,38; HJ^ 
thus, in such a manner Est.2,13, 
HT *^•?^}, this... that, the one... the 

other rtD? "iRk nn ,139 -11 "^B^'J 

• • • • • ■ 

and one said, In this mannt3r, and 

another said, In that manner IK. 
22,20; nrh^ nj one to the other 
Ex. 14,20.— 2) demonstrative par- 
ticle emphasizing a question: 
nj. ns^^n is it thou? Gen.27,21; ^9 
nil ni;Rl nj KH who is he and 
where is he? Est.7,5 ; "»S nrnij^ 
of what profit then is to me? Gen. 
25,32; ^5:*j nj n^h ]3-cK if it be 
80, why am I thus? v. 22.— 3) adv, 
of place : Ili|J 7^1 ^SjJ go ye up 
this way southward Num.13,17; 
ni^ WJ \2f tarry here 22,19; ^yp^ 
nj9 they are departed hence Gen. 
37,17; HK^ njt} \W whence comest 
thou? 16,8; n!B^ nj.9 on the one 
«ide and on the other Ex.32,15. — 
4) adv. of ti^ne: nj. nnj? just now 
'K.17,24; D^BSe nj'now twice Gen. 
37,36; D'l^n D*''D;*nj these many 
days Jo8.22,3; n^;f H^J HJ these 
many years Zch.7,3 (in these 
phrases nj has the signification 
of the German achon), — 5) poet. 
as a DQ^ niDJ HJ. Dip? *7g 
unto the place which thou hadst 
founded for them Ps.lOfS; VDK^ 
^ni^. TXt q^JW^ hearken unto thy 

father that hath begotten thee 

n? a. it (=nKT) dem. pron. f, this 
Tpnnt-K*?) neither is this the 

city 2K.6,10; ^Wl '"^^J '^"^ and 
thus Jud.18,4; DipjK 1? \*:iin);iand 
this my testimony [which] I teach 
them Ps.132,12. 

^n? (==^lIJ) to be yellow, whence 

DHT (c. anp m. gold; /?^. light: jlBJflJ 

^Q^a. ^i?i froni the north cometb 
the golden light J b 37,22; of oil; 

^^^Dn^i?l;BD^r^9^ which empty 

out of themselves the gold-colorei/ 
oil Zch.4, 12.— 2) gold-shekel 

°^Pt?9 ^?f ^%^^ ten gold-shekels 
in weight Gen.24,22. 

nm (Ar. KH? to shine) a stem as- 
sumed for II , ^^I , n .y . 

QilT to be rancid or stinking, hence: 

to be loathsome. 

Pi. onj to make loathsome; with 
8f. on*: Inin ineni^ and his life 

• X X a ( 

niaketh food loathsome to him 

"in? to shine, to enlighten. 

^Niph, nnr; (inf. nnjn) to be ad- 

monished or warned, to take heed 
DHJ nnjj TjlJS thy servant is 
admonished by them P8.19,12; K? 
^^P ^\}V7^ J^IVwho knoweth not 

• • • 

how to take heed any more Ec. 

Hiph. n^njn l) to spread light, 
to shine 8 V>? "^3^5 n\-i|lD'»^^5ipBr7 




tho intelligent shall shine like the 
brilliance of the sky Dan. 12,3.— 
2) to enlighten, to teach, to ad- 
monish D^snn-ns onng n^inrni 

and thou shalt teach them the 
statutes Ex.18,20; nee^Jl rfTnjni 
D^ and he warned him and he 
took care of himself there 2K.6, 

10; ni?B^"^5 i^'j^i? y^^ Tajn? to 

warn the wicked from his wicked 
way Ez.3,18. 
^riTCh. to warn, to give heed;ptp. 

n^ni warned Ez.4,22. 

"liiT m* brightness, brilliance. 

IT (from nn?) m. prop, brightness, 

hence: blossom 11 E^'Jn month of 
flowers (May) IK.6,1. 

TT see lit . 

^,T dem. a. reL pron, cam. \t *l1in this 
generation Ps.12,8; fJ^KJ ircg the 
people that thou hast redeemed 
Kx 15,13; ^:55 H"rH?3 ^^is net 
which they had laid in secret Vs. 
9,16; UJ^n n niSJt?? through the 
plans that those have devised 

2n ipret. ^ ; pt ^ , f. H^J : fut. ilP) 
t) to flow D^.Q ^JU^tJland waters 
flowed out Ps.78,20; pt. f. c. }*nK 
C^?l^ ^i?n mi a land flowing with 
milk and honey rx.3,8; of the 
monthly courses in women: to 
have a flux nDT Dn DIP"'? nm] 
and if a woman have a flux of 
her blood Lev.15,25; of the seminal 
flux in men: 31 .T^l^ ^5 tr^t^ tr^^ 
i^t^^Q when any man have a 
tlux Lo^ semen] from his body 

15,2.— 2) fig. to melt, to pine 
away Tli?BV ^} Jcr.49,4 thy valley 
meltelh (i. e. its inhabitants van- 
ish): ^w ri^^^^PP ciiiie ^^^CD::t? 

for these pine away stricken 
through for want of the fruits of 
the Held Lam.4,0. 
i*jT »w. flux of semen or blood. 

*J^T to seethe, to cook, whence 1\^* 
Hiph, to act haughtily, to deal 
presumptuously DQ^hH ^T'lH ttiey 
had dealt presumptuously against 
them Neh.9,10; ^1»T*^r tr^H l^!."^?) 
and if a man act presumptuously 
against his neighbor Ex,21,14. 

n^T Ch. same as Heb. Aph. inf. 

iTItn^ to deal presumptuously 

Dan 5,20. 
HIT to project, to stick forth, whence 

tlT (redupl. of H^t) 1) to be promi- 
nent, to project forward, whence 
nytp .— 2) to bring forth, whence 
VI fulness.— 5^ to move, to stir, 
whence V\ an animal. 

D^W P^' w. (prop, giants, from Pti) 

a primitive people of Palestine 

n^T (from mtj f. 1) corner n^tp H* J J 

the corners of the altar Zch 9, 
15.— 5^; corner-pillar nilJ^np D^PtJ 
vj^n /T'iJC) like corner-pillars, 
sculptured In the model of a 
palace Ps.144,12. 

rinlT P^' ^. w. 

^n lakin to Sm, hl^, SS]; |)<. *?T) 
i^ to pour out, to lavish D^^JS 




C**?? ant those that lavish gold 
out of the bag Is.46,6; ^'piO Jer. 
2,3*^ is from h]H .— 2) to separate, 
to remove, wheuce nS^T. 

Hiph. SmH to esteem lightly, to 
hold in coniemptm^'^n.TJJSljSj 
all that honored her held her in 
contempt Lam. 1,18. 

nT*lT f' separation, removal; only 

c. rh^t and 8f, ^ilS^T , Tjolj^ as prep. 

besides, except; sometimes with ^ 

parag, ^0^^^ ^or nS^T . 
W to nourish, to feed; only ffoph, 

]Pn to be well fed, to be strong; 

pt. pi DVi^O D^P^D well fed horses 

Jer.5,8 (Kri D\^{\9, from ]P to 

be weighty, heavy). 

]^T Ch. to feed. Itp. J^i^^J (fut. ]'^]:^\) 
to be well fed Dan.4,9. 

nJlT , njt ij^. niJiT) f. harlot, pros- 

• titute; see npT. 

tfIT (pret. RJ; fut r,P) to move 
oneself, to tremble yrith] n^'ikh 
^^!|D who did not rise nor move 
out of the way for him Est.5,0; 
n:2n '•ipy ^ypj^ Di»5 on the day 
when the watchmen of the house 
will tremble Ec.12,3. 

PL redupl. y]V\ (pt. pryTD) to 
agitate, to plague TVmi? ^Vp'»1 
and those that plague thee will 
awake Hab.2,7 

W Ch. to tremble; pt pi rrKT ilQ 
were tremblingDan.5,19 (Kri I''?:^^). 
r\VM f' terror. 


^1T (=3^?) to flow, whence njj.J. 


lit I. (pret, "^l , i)Z. ^ n,p to turn 
away, to depart, to be estranged 
or strange ^|SD ^1^ they turned 
away irom mo J j. 19,13; 11?^"^S 
DC^JKQP they were not estranged 
from' their longing Ps.78,30; '•inn 
^^F?*? '"^Dl ^y spirit is bee: me 
strange to my wife Jb 19,17; pt. 

V ^f' ^'^l^ P^' ^'"Ij) strange, 

Niph. lb to turn away, to de- 
part, to be departed or estranged 
ninp n'T^ they turned (departed) 
backward Is.1,4; t^Vi ^"l^i "^g'K 
who were separated from me £z. 
14,5; Wt Ps 58,4 ace. some =n'?J 
are estranged, but ace. 8tb. it 
belongs to HJj, which see. 

Hoph. Hyn {pt ITlDj to become 
a stranger '•HN^ "'O''!'? T^ a 
stranger am I become unto my 
brothers Ps.69,9. 

j?f. l>.n*JlT) i^fr. to squeeze, to crush 
Hf JHTIH 1PJ and ho squeezed the 
fleece Jud. 6,38; H-jn^ h^*^ a foot 
may crush It Jb.39,15.— 2) Mr. to 
be crushed, pressed out x^\ ^ they 
have not been pressed out (of 
wounds) l8.1,65 n^9^ yi2|ij T\^iy\ 

ard if one (egg of a viper) be 
crushed, a viper will break forth 
Is 59,5. 
XTT vr n. m. lChr.2,33. 


nni y^iph. nr: (/w(. nrj to be removed 

^'3.15 *^aB l^nn nr-«h^ and that 

ih3 braast-plate be not removed 

(: >osed) from the ephod Ex.28,2S 

^HT 1) to creep, to crawl; pt pH. c. 




"^9$ ^!?d that crawl in the dust 
Deut 32,24.— 2) U i>o timid "/n^^Ht 
KytO I was timid and feared Jb. 

n^nt pr. n. of a stone IK. 1,0. 


TT see nv 

]n\T (from nni a^O*. seething, ra- 
ging D^j^n^n D^grj the raging wa- 
ters Ps 124,5 (Eng. Bible: proud 

VT Ch. (=Heb. IT) m. brightness, 
color; pi. 8f. ^?7^^t his color Dan. 

t^T 1) ^* abundance, fulness (f^om 
nr 2) nnia? IM? from the abun- 
dance of her glory 18.66,11.— 

2) what moves and lives, i. e. an 
animal (from ?1? 3) •'IgV '1? ^'•fi 
and whatever moveth In the fields 
is with me Ps.50,11. 

T • 

r\V1 IT. n. w. lChr.23,11 =Kyi v.lO. 

T • ^ 

NJn seeTtm. 

T • ^ 

W jw. w. i> a city in Judah; ^cnf. 

^5^1 . — 2) a desert near that city. — 

3) a person mentioned in IChr. 

T • 

nlp^T i>^ f- fiery darts, sparks; see 

also p.T. 

DM (c. n:i; j)L D''niT) olive, olive- 

tlreeniLl?.?^ olive-oil Ex.27,20: iT.l 
19^ Deut.8,8, "Viy: nit 2K.18,32 

oil-olive (trees); D''/3\^3 nn the 
Mount of Olives Zch.14,4; n^SQ 
Q'^CV.D the ascent of [the mount 
of] Olives 28.15,30. 

in^T p^' n- w». 

"?JT, ^ '^if' n^) aJj. clear, pure. 

n^T (/«^- njH) -0 to be clear, pure, 
innocent Jftfl ^jmD3 nSfgn can i 

• • • • • • 

be pure with wicked balance? 
Mlc.6,11.— 2) to be right HJti? 
"199^? that thou mightst be right 
when thou Judgest Ps.51,6. 

Pi. n|t (fut. n^l)) to cleanse, 
to purify ^.J57'»0'*?Jiiiave cleansed 
my heart P8.73,135 IJJJ Hgt; ngj 
^^^H"n8 wherewith shall a youth 
keep his way pure? 110,9. 

Hithp. njin (for n^vp) to 

cleanse oneself Is.1,16. 
^iT Ch. f. purity, innocence Dan. 

n013T (from TIJJ)/'. glass, crystal. 

10T (sf, Tinoi) m. coU. males (of 
men and beasts) Ex.23,17. 

"n^T (pret. pi. ^51) to be bright, pure, 

transparent J.^^P J^T'^ ^5! ijer 
crowned princes were purer than 
snow Lani.4,7, 

Hiph. ^l.TH to make clean ''0^3!l! 
^^3 1^22 if I make my hands 
clean with lye Jb.0,30. 

*13T I. (=Ch. 131 , akin to ^M ; fvt. 

i^P; imp. iD|; m/". i^) prop, to 
pierce, to impress, hence: 1) to 


- T 



remember, to recollect n^^Vi *1^ 
i^''^3 he remembereth his cove- 
nant for ever Ps. 105,8; with h as 
prep, of the accusative: ^j^^^iV 
^^!j "^SJ. who hath in our low con- 
dition remembered us Ps.136,23; 
with 7 as prep, of the dative; 

nj'ts': "rjS^. ^^""Tj:^ remember 
me, my God, for good Neh,5,19.— 
2) to think, to consider "^IjTlSl DK 
^^^5?i] yea, when I thinlc of it, 
I am' terrieflcd Jb.21,6; n*)?] ikh 
•^jnnS she thought not of her 
later "end Lam.1,9; TlillJ ^jQnjJ DK 
if thou thinkest on me Qen.iO, 
14; *»n nn ^^ nb| consider that 
my life is but a breath Jb.7,7. 

Niph. "IIM (fut. nan) to be re- 
membered, to be mentioned ^DQ^ 
■J^P "iay. ^'^ that his name may 
not be mentioned any more Jer. 

11,10; ;: '}fh D^nSH? and ye shall 
• • • ■ • • • 

be remembered b(*fore the Lord 
Num.10,9; D'»1JH n^BH D^p^H these 
days are remembered £st.9,28. 

Hiph. T??n (fut, n^3Il; mf, 
*^''?1'3) V 'o make to be remem- 
bered, to call to remembrance, 

to make mention of ^tJC^DR *1^5JH 

• • • 

I shall make my name to be re- 
membered Ex.20,24; "^8 ^inistnj 

* • • • 
^?*16 and make mention of me 

unto Pharaoh Gen.40,U; n^Jp 
W^^^sh make ye mention of It to 
the nations Jer.4,16.— 2) to offer 
as a memorial tl^^h l^^TQ he 
that burneth incense as a me- 
morial Is.66,3. 
Pt. T^IQ a) in the sense of a 

verb: TJJC ^J8 ^BpD r\^ my faults 
1 call to remembrance Gen.41,9. 
h) as a noun: recorder, historiog- 
rapher IK.4,3. 

*1DT II. {den, from ipi) Niph, n3?J 

to be born a male "Ijyj ^ipJQ ^i) 
and all thy cattle that Is borr 
male Ex.d4,19. See also under ^^|g 

13T (l>^ 0^3!) fn, male. 

*13T a, *15T. m. i) remembrance, 
memory HJI^S p'-ij nj^.J the 
memory of the Just is blessed 
Pr.lO,7.— ^> memorial, name, fame 

nn nn*? n?r njj and this is my 

• • * • 

memorial to all generations Ex. 
3,15j iB^ljJ n9li> y\Sn praise his 
holy name P8io,5; Jljj'j ]V.? In?! 
the fame thereof shall be as [that 
of] the wine of Lebanon Hos.14,8 
(the £ng. Bible renders In?? Hhe 
scent thereof). 

151 ^' ^* •**• IChr.8,31, for which 

jlTST ie. lin?t;i>«. D^i^-i?! a Htm?;) 

m. remembrance, recollection, 
memorial D^Jfe^wnJ? pn?! ]^fi there 
is no remembrance of former 
things Ec.1,11; I^JT '^p.JW stones 
of] remembrance, memorial stones 
Ex.28,12; JinjI nn;p memorial 
sacrifice Num.5,15.— 2) rcc r«i, 
account n§BS PJI n.>i? in? ,p.;i l> 
this for a record in a book l.x. 
17,14; linjr ngfi Mal.3,16 a. nj^ 
nii^nptnE3t.6,l book of records.- 
5^ celebration, day of memorial 




^"13T PT- »• of several persons. 

• < • 

nnDT a. in;i3t j)r. n. 1) king of 

• a 

Israel, son of Jeroboam. — 2) 
prophet at the time of Joash.— 

3) prophet at the time of Uzziah.— 

4) prophet whose writings form 
part of the sacred canon, con- 
temporary of Ezra. 

j|7T ace. Qes. probably the same as 
Ar. il . 1 to draw up, whence J.^IS» 

r^\ f' baseness, vileness (from 
hbl 2) Xm Vai*? ^M D19 when 

T TT a 

vileness is exalted among men 

^T^T (only ji, D^^l'pi) m. shoot, twig 

(of a vine). 
^^T 1) to squander, to be a glutton; 

ft 77I? squanderer, glutton Deut. 
21,20; n^9 >^h\{ squanderers of 
Hesh Pr.23,20 (Qes. a. Fuerst: 
squanderers of the body, 1. e. de- 
bauchees).— 2) to be low, mean, 
vile, despised; pt, h^!^ Jor.15,19, 
f. ^^7^ Lam.1,11 vile, despised. 

Niph. ?T^ to be shaken, to quake 
(Stb.: to sink) \h\\ D^H Ti§9 *t 
thy presence the mountains 
quaked Is.64,2; H^^ Jud.5,5=^yr^ . 

HipU. .^fn to esteem lightly, to 
despise (same as Hiph. of h\) 1 
which see). 

^J?*?! to glow, to burn, whence: 

n|y^j a. n^r^j (pi nisr^i, c. 

rfSS?!) /". glow, flame, heat nn 
nifiy*?? glowing wind Ps. 11,6; 
^Vl n-Bi;':^] the heat of famine 

Lam.5,10; HSr^i Ps. 119,53 heat ol 
anger (Eng. Bible: horror). 


nS*?! pr. n. f, 

riDT (from DDT ; c. HSi) f- V thought, 


purpose prij '•QSl my thoughts 
(or purposes) are broken Jb 17, 
11. — 2) shameful deed, lewdness, 
incest, apostasy ^^^i^ nat \^^ 
they committed lewdness and 
folly Jud 20,6.— 3) pr. n. m. 

miDT (c. n!|bj) f. vine- branch, 

shoot, twig D^?JV. h'\:ip^] n^iDT 
a branch with a cluster of grapes 

Num.13,23; nTD?n-n8 D^nSts^ D|n 

I • • • a • 

^98"^(^ they put the branch to 
their nose Ez.8al7 (an allusion 
to the custom of the Persians 
who worshipped the rising sun, 
holding a bundle of twigs called 

niDT (»/*. ^019!) verb. n. f. thinking, 

thought, purpose ^5 njgr^S ^C'ei 
Ps.17,3 my purpose doth not pass 
beyond my mouth (Ges. : my 
mouth doth not go beyond my- 
thoughts), — See also Dpt. 

D^TDT P^ n. primitive gigantic 

• • • - • 

people in the territory of the Am- 
TOT (c. *1^t;T) m. song, hymn TDT 

• T • " • 

D^V'^IV ^^® s°"g 0^ ^^® terrible 
ones Is.25,5; n^pjH DV the time 

of the singing of birds, i. e, 
spring-time Cant.2,12 (ace. Ges.: 
pruning-time, vine-cutting). 
nTpT f' 1) song, hymn, psalm 
i*? ini ri^TlpW let us Joyfully 


- T 

shout to him with psalms Ps.95,2; 
Swntri nn^5r D^r: the swer t sing- 
er of Israel 2S.23,1; nnpt. Ji^: 
nS^.^3 who giveth songs in the 
night Jb 35,10.— 2) pr. n. m. 

OCT (1 *. •'WSj a. '»ntpl ; /-irf. DP , 
pi ^D?l Gen. 11,6 for ^SP ; ;>f. DQT) 
to purpose, to think, to devise, 
to plot, to consider Dl ^^\ DD{. DJ 
n^^ the Lord hath both devised 
and done Jer.51,12; Hl^ H^m 
Vinj^J she considereth a field 
and buyeth it Pr.31,16; y^ °5^^ 
p^l5f- the wicked plotlcth against 
the just Ps.37,12; ^9"n3i:i ^3 "ilbj 
1 am purposed th^t my mouth 
shall not transgress 17,3 (see also 

DDT («/*. ^0^!) »*. plan, device, pur- 

pose pSp ' S ^Dpj further not his 
device P8.U0,9. 
]DT -Pw. pt. ]^fD to be appointed, 

determined D^^^tP D**i1V appointed 
times Neh 13,31.'' 
ICT Ch. to appoint, to determine. 

Ithp, ]93F«? to determine mutual- 
ly, to agree together. 

]DT i^f' Q4Qt) ^- appointed time, 
season \^\ vb.. to everything there 
is a season £c.3,l. 

]0T a. ;9! Ch. idef, wpr , pi. ]'m 

.appointed time KjDT. n;) at that 
time Dan-3,7; nri ]br TJ even to 
a season and time 7,12; nri,n VJ'Ql 

• • • 

three times 6,11. 
*1DTI (/frf.SfaP.Jto cut oflf, to prune 

139 noi 

• • • 

THJ13 IDJil thou Shalt prune thy 
vineyard Lev.25,3. 

Niph. 10!i (M- ^^i)) to be cut, 
to be pruned l8.5,6. 

/W. ngrp to play, to sing nil?r^ 
niJJJ r|5 1 will play unto thee 
on the harp Ps.71,22; US/S'? ^"IQJ 
sing unto our king 47,7; witii 
accus.: to praise, to celebrate in 
song ^Dp^ ^^C|t praise I is name 
65,5; with af. 'tD} Tj'^SP ]rD^ that 
my glory (i. e. my soul) may 
sing praise to thee 30,13. 

^CT Ch. idef. W59P m. sound of 
musical instruments, music .D} 
«^OPAl and all kinds of music 

^QT Ch. m. singer. 

T2T *'*. wild goat or antelope. 


mOT (c. ri'30!) /". I) song, music 

n^PI ^^p the voice of song Is.51,4; 
^'^in} n^pr the playing of thy 
harps Am.5,23.— 2) celebrating, 
praise rf^Pt \s<^ take up praise 

• • • 

(1. e. songs of praise) Ps.83,3; fig, 
rp?? ^"SP! the praise (1. e. tlie 
choice fruits) of the land Gen. 

^*1DT pr. n. 1) & king of Israel IK. 
• • • 

16,9.— 2) a prince of the tribe' 
of Simeon, who was killed by 
Phinehas Num.25,14.— S) a per-) 
son mentioned in lChr.2,6 =''151' 
Jes.7,1.— 4) a person mentioned 
In lChr.9,42— 5) name of an 
Arabian tr.bc Jbf. 2.^,25. 

I t: • 



pDT i'*'. ^. a son of Abraham by 

Keturah Gen.25,2 and founder of 
an Arabian tribe lChr.1,32. 

mpt (=n59i) r. song .Tnjptl M? 

Jehovah is my glory and song 

tt wi. sort, kind ]'C^^, ]1P from sort 

to sort, i. e. of every sort Ps. 
144,13; pi DV! divers kinds of 
spices 2Chr. 16,14. 
]T Ch. (pi. c. V!) same as Heb. 

MT (»f. ^:iil; rf:ii!, c ni:i;i) tail 

to tail Ju(i.l5,4; i^^t? ^n«.3. and 
grasp it by the tail Ex.4,4; fig. 
end; stump on^wn niDjr ^i5^ these 
two stumps of fire-brands Is.7,4.~> 
This word is also used to denote 
something small or mean, as: 
^A*? «^1 B^^n^ ;"; ^iQ)} and the 
Lord will make thee the . head, 
and not the tail Deut.28,13. 
33T (den, from 2)^) Pi. IljT to beat 
the hindmost, to cut off or destroy 
the rear T^iqSD'^P^RiD*??^?:!^!^ 
and he beat the hindmost of thee, 
all that were feeble behind thee 

Deut.25,18DDaj;.1 D3^3'^W '"HnS ^BIT 
• • • " • • 

USy^H pursue after your enemies 
and beat the hindmost of them 
(i.e. destroy their rear) Jos.10,19. 

njT ifut. n^V, ap. ] P; pL H^T, f. ^¥\ 
inf. rf:T , ni:r) l) to play the bar- 
lot, to commit adultery; with 
accus.: D^?^ D''V1 i^VJ thou hast 
played the harlot with many 
companions Jer 3,1; with 2- "''JWJ 

D^ and thou didst play the har- 
lot with them Ez.16,17; with h^ : 
:HJiD n1J?-Ssi rf:j^ to commit 
adultery with the daughters of 
Moab Num.25,1; with *?yornpg : 
to become faithless vSr n^rj|Q 
le^^T^ and his concubine became 
faithless to him Jud.19,2; j.fpj 
^png 'ITng and Aholah became 
faithless to me Ez.2S,b\pt. f. njT, 
n^it harlot, prostitute.— 2) fig. 
to stray away from, to apostatise, 
to commit idolatry J§9 "^i^'^^ 
every one that strayeth away 
from thee Ps.73,27; T]\5Sk Srt} p^J 
thou has gone astray from thy 

Gud Ho8.9,i; DiTS^S ^nnp \:\)} 

• • • • 

and they are gone astray from 

their God 4,12; with ^ing; to go 
astray after D^Sr JH ^^jng U I n 
and they wient astray after the 
Bealim Jud.8,33; fig, to have inter- 
course: }*;jKn n^D*j9D-Sp-ng n^ap 

and she will have intercourse with 
all kingdoms of the world 18.23, 17. 
Pu^ n|^T whoredom to be com- 
mitted ni'W Ikh ?|nq» after thee 
whoredom was not committed (i e. 
none followeth thee to commit 
whoredom) Ez.16,34. 

flipfc. njin (/Mt. njii, ap. ],}>; 

inf. sf npibr.n^) l) to cause to be 
a prostitute, to seduce to whore- 
dom nni^inS Tii??-nN hhnn hn do 

not profane thy daughter to cause 
her to be a prostitute Lev.19,29; 
fig. to make go astray "ilR \^\T}) 
ICJ^a*^^ nq« ^'^J they make thy 
sons go astray after their gods 


- IT 



£x.34,ie.— 2) to commit forni- 
cation, to carry on whoredoms 
Ho8.4,10 a. 18. 

nlJT P^' ^' of two places in Judah. 

- IT 

D^3^1t (from ryj) w. pi. 1) whore- 
dom, prostitution n!?!! 0**}^ ^f» 
D^j^:3t a wife of prostitution and 
children of prostitution Hos.1,2; 
lj^JJ|tJ .TJ.^ ntJ^l and let her put 
away her prostitution from her 
face 2,4.— 2) fig. a) idolatry, 
apostasy 2K.0,22. h) intercourse 
with foreign nations Nah.3,4. 

nyT (J>2. D^O^^!) f' whoredom Hos. 

4,1 1; fig. idolatry Jer.3,2. 
mj (/•«*. nip 1) to reject r^A)i njj 

\*no)i be rejecteth thy calf (i. e. 
thy idol) OSmaria! Hos.8,5.- 2) 
to remove ^tp^j D^S|^tp njTI^J and 
thou hast removed my soul from 
peace Lam.3,17. 

HipK o^,«n , n^^!^5 (M. DVP 

i; to reject, to cast off n?*J Tinjll 
he will cast thee off for ever IChr. 
28,9; jHStJ Dn^yp he cast them 
off from executing the priest's 
office 2Chr.ll,14.— 2) to dese- 
crate, to cast aside I^K Qvi33 
^O^ l^n Q'^JT.n the vessels which 
king Ahaz had desecrated (or 
cast aside) 2Chr.29,19.— 3) to 
cause or emit a stench, to stink 
nnryi, ^n^««n5 and the rivers stink 
{8.19,6 (Eng. Bible: and they shall 
turn the rivers far away). 

53T P«. pai (A**, pn^) to leap forth 
with violence ^1} p^P nj.lB ^^^ 

ll^^n a lion's whelp that leapeth 
from Bashan Deut.33,22. 

n»t (= Vn ; c. nxi) a sweat. 
m»t (=™in /"• terror, agitation. 

T»T w. a little, a trifle Dtf TJJl 
•• . • • 

D|^ *)^K| there a little, here a 
little ls.28,10; as adv. a little while 
n^gl ^*? np5 wait for me a little 
while Jb.36,2. 

yV\ Ch. adj. little, small (= Heb. 

"nrt (=^1?^) to extinguish.— Niph. 

TISH to be extinct ^^JH ^BJ my 
days are extinct Jb.17,1. 

n»T iM' Dh: a. Dsi: ; pt og?) i; 


to be enraged, to be angry, to be 

indignant; with accus,: "D^ DI?|] 

V;i^.i< and he will be indignant 

toward his enemies Is.66,14; ^11^ 

nQPJtnpRnjH] the cities of Judah 

against which thou hast been 

indignant Zch.1,12; with hll Dan. 

11,30.— 2) to curse vh D>18 H^l 

J,1 D8| and how shall I curse, 

whom the Lord hath not cursed 

Num23,8; imp, SBntr^mjlf? curse 

Israel v. 7 {=np^p;' pt p. ;>. DVI 

he that is cursed by the Lord 

Pr. 22,14} r\^\V\ r^l nr« the scant 

measure that is abominable Mic. 6,10. 
Niph DrtJ to be provoked to 

anger, to be angry or fretful 
D^^pyjp D^^l an angry countenance, 

a fretful face Pr. 25, 23. 
nrT C^DJfJ; 8/.^^VJ) «. anger, 

wrath, rage Is. 10, 5; £2. 22, 24. 

rr^ 142 

- T 

WT (fy^- "ISl!) to rage, to be angry, 

iiritated, excited ^3^ «1?P. II'^S 
against the Lord will his heart 
rage Pr.19,3; pt. pi. D^^jf? Gen.40,6 
a. Dan. 1,10 gloomy, sad, sad- 

^VT <^j' angry, irritated. 

*)rt {sf. ifiVJ) w. rage, raging flSI? 

cjx with Ihe rage of anger 18.30, 
30; iBVlQ D»n 1DJ?!1 and the sea 
ceased from its raging Jon. 1,15. 

P»T iM. pgp. ; imp. py? ; inf. pVl) 

1) to cry, to lament; with h^ or 
h ' to; with acciis. or hv : of, for 
cog ?l\^» p5?lt< 1 cry out unto 
thee of violence Ilab. 1, 2; HD 
Tj-i.^?^ 'ri? prjn why criest thou 
for'thine affliction Jer.30,15; with 
V.5'39 : because of ^5^9 M.DCpijn 
D55^B and ye shall cry out be- 
cause of your king IS.8,18.— 2) 
to call DSOg pgWJ and when 1 
called you* Jud.12,2; af. ?I^pifI!l 
and they called thee Neh.0,28. 

^iph. P8H ifut pjjr) to be called 
together, to assemble. 

Hiph. p'^Vin (fut. p8?l; imp. 
P.VID; inf. p^p) 1) to* cry, to 
call. — 2) to cause to call to- 
gether 2S.20,4 a. 5. 

pV\ Ch, to cry. 

prr m. outcry, cryj «/*. Tli^jJL ^p 
the voice of thy cry Is.30,19. 

np»T (c. DjiKD f. cry nHi;i n[y?T 

rrjlj^ a loud and bitter cry Est. 
4,1; Dinp nOT the cry of Spdom 


Go;i. 18, 20 ; nn:5 D^ojn '•'.131 

D^<p'.p|3 «7^io ;^|:5^|p D''V?Vl the 
words of wise men are heard In 
quiet more than the cry of him 
that ruleth among fools £c.9,17. 

nj/t l=*1Sl() to be small, to be little, 
whence l^fe'l a. irTlJ . 

]T\p] P^' w. a city in northern Pal- 

net A pitch. 


pT (only pi D^i^l) m. 1) chaip, fet- 
ter D^i5T5 Dn^3^e nb^iS to bind 

their kings with fetters Ps. 149,8; 
with prosthetical {>( : D^jJTg Jer. 
40,1 a. 4 — ^> burning dart, fiery 
arrow D^jJJ nT'*n who caste th fiery 
darts Pr.26,18 (Eng. Bible: fire- 
brands); comp, rip^l. 

]J5T (c. Ija ; 8f. ^2^A) m. beard DK? 
TJjrr the corner of thy beard Lev. 
19,27; li^Vn^^t? having thaiv 
beards shaven Jer.41,5. 

IpT [fut. ]j5r) to be or grow old. 

^ Hiph. l^pin IfiU. ppP) to grow 

]pT (c. IPJ ; pi n^U , c. ''Ji?!) 1) adj\ 
old, aged.— 5*^ m. old man, elder, 
1j5T "•• old age. 
."1371 (»/■. nn^^i) /■. old age. 
D'JDT »H. pZ. old age D"»jpn3 a son 

• • * 

born ill one's old age Gen.37,3. 
npT (pi np.n to lift up, to raise 
D*?^55 n;} il the Lord raiseth up 

• • • 

those who are bowed down Pe 


^Jl^T Ch. (pt, p. e^^pp to raise up, 

to bang up Ezr.6,11. 
ppT V *^cc. Puerst: to trickle 

through; fut.jA. inrjb ^^^ ^PK ^*^ey 
trickle through a^ruln vith its 
mist Jb.36,27 (Eng. Bible: they 
pour down rain according to the 
vapor thereof).— 2) to strain, to 
filter, to purify, to refine D^p^^ 

VK ^TT- *"^ * place for the gold 
which men refine Jb.28J. 

Pi, pi?.T (Stb. pi^t) to purify, to 

Ptt. pgj to be Durified on^?^ 

D^iJp^tp'loes well refined Is.25,6; 

DJfiyjir PJ5T0 purified seven times 


IT (prop. pt. of IV; f. n^Ji adj. a.n. 

1) stranger, alien, foreign Tl^.yS! 
T]^5-«*"1 T| let a stranger (i. ei 
another man) praise thee, and 
D'-t thine own mouth Pr.27,2; '^^) 
^2 hsH'^'Hh TJ but there shall no 
stranger eat thereof Lev. 22,13; 
n^pfjpp^ the lips of a strange 
(i.e. adulterous) woman Pr5,3; 
D^'][D'>;; strange (i.e. illegitimate) 
children Ho8.5,7.— D'^IJ Is.1,7 
ace. Aben Ezra and others =DU.I 
flood, inundation, but it is better 
to take it as the pi. of TJ — 2) 
strange, singular H^gp IT his 
singular work Is,28,21. 
•tT (from Tltll.) m. ring, border, 

•• • 

edge, crown. 
KHT f' something loathsome iTHJ 

TT • 

^Pt' ^?f *°^ ^* become loathsome 
ttate jrou Num. 11,20 

143 rnr 

- t: 

ant (akin to 31^) Pw. 2*1? to bo 

warmed, to be flowing ^yV\ ni?5 
at the time they are warmed (or 
when they are flowing) Jb.6,17 
"J^Sn? P^ ». a descendniit of Davil 

• * • ■ 

in Babylonia, who led baclc the 

first Jewish colony to Palestine. 

T T T C^ 1 !3. J) pr. n. m. broolc or val- 

V|V ''^ 

ley in Moab. 

nnt (/"uf. n^ip , op. n ?;; i)t n^jr,- imp. 

n^T; m/*. ni^l) i^ to strew, to 
scatter about, to disperse.— 2) to 

N^h. nnu (fut. n^n) to be scat- 
tercJ nIVIRI nnj and they were 
scattered through the countries 
Ez 36,19; verb. n. DJ'^niiTjn? in your 
scattering (i. e. when ye shall be 
scattered) 6,8. 

PLr\^X(fut.n^,l]', mf. n^^) 1) 

to disperse, to scatter about; pt 
nnjlj Jer.31,10; pt pi D'^ljp Jb. 
37,9— 2) to spread D^PJD '•'iJ^lr 
nS^ y^l) the lips of the wise spread 
knowledge Pr.15,7. — 3) to en- 
compass, to hedge ab .ut^yJIVm^ 
5^TJ. ^y walking and my lying 
down hast thou hedged about Ps. 

Pu. ."Tj? (fid. n'^i] J pt rrj? for 

npip) to be strewed, to be spread 
out;*i)*. f. nfe*ng njrp the net is 
spread out Pr.1,17— * n? Ps.58,4 
see 'IV I. 

tfnj, ifl,! (withprostheticalK-.sJlI^J 

Jb.31,22; «/•. ^V^Upl D^VII a. rfyil^ 
c. ^rnj) com. i) arm Is'40,11; of 
animals: shoulder Num.6,19. — 2) 



/f(/. a) strength, power, might Sit 
ip^ the arm of flesh (i. e. human 
might) 2Chr.32,8; vy^ ^gnj the 
powers of his hands Oen.49,24; 
KJT D^P^ri: rfynp and the arms 
ii. e. strength) of the fatherless 
have been crushed Jb.22,9; ^i^Vn^l 

7lC»^3?li?.i I wiu'cut 'off 'thine 
arm, and the arm of thy father's 
house (i. e. thy strength etc.), 
that there shall not be an old 
mm in thine house IS.2,31; hence 
also: military force, an army Dan. 
11,15,22 a. 31« h) help, support 

tt^^'V.?*? 8^*JI ^^D they have been 

• • • 

a help to the children of Lot Ps. 
83,9; in! "l^? ^f] and he maketh 
flesh his support Jer.17,5. c) vio- 
lence y1*1l e^^lHt a violent man Jb. 

seed, thing sown, garden herbs 
J?ni 73J any seed which is to be . 
sown Lev. 11,37; pi. sf, n^S?^! the 
things that are sown in it Is.61, 
11; D'^nt Dan.1,12 garden herbs, 
for which D^;yiT. 1,16. 

ft^nt {redujfi. of ^\) m. watering, 

besprinkling n? IM^l D^yjl? as 
showers for the watering of the 
earth Ps.72,6 (comp. Talm. KS^n? 

I^n? [redupl, of ni?) m. girded 

DJiP? *^^ni one girded about the 
loins (of a war-horse) Pr.30,31. 

niT (/W. nnp ; iV. a li) i) of light; 

to rise, to shine forth B^S^n nitij 
the sun riseth Ps. 104,22; fig. lS:iy\ 

nn^^i? i: *°«* the glory of God 
is risen upon thee Is.60,1.— 2) of 
an eruption of the skin: to rise 

up, to bloom invp? nm?. nsijfn 

• • • • • • 

the leprosy rose up in his fore- 
head 2Chr.26,19. 

mr m. rising; 8f. VfTl r\i^^ to the 

-IV • 

brightness of thy rising Is.60,3. 
mT i>r. n. i) a son of Judah by 


Tamar Gen.38,30; gent. ''fJ*lL Num. 
26,13 a. 20.— 2) a son of Reucl 
Gen.36,13 a. 17.— 3) a person 
mentioned in Num. 26, 13 ="10^ 
Gen.46,10.— ^^ a person mentioned 
in lChr.6,6 a. 26.— 5) a king of 
the Ethiopians 2Chr.l4,8. 

n^mt P^' w. 1) a person mentioned 
'in lChr.5,32 =n;nin 7,3.— 2) 

• • • 

another person Ezr.8,4. 
mT to wash away, to carry away 


as with a flood; with af. DriQI? 
X^i}\ njS^ thou carriest them away 
as with a flood; thoy are as a 
sleep Ps.90,5. 

Po. Dtf? to pour out D^.g ^Di? 
n1^^ the clouds poured out water 

mt »». storm, flood, violent shower 


IttgtJ^ D^jp from storm and from 
rain Is.4,6; nij D^Tjp as a storm 
of hail 28,2; D'^^^S D^D 0:3!.? as 
a flood of mighty waters ib.; 
^''R Dpp as a storm against a 
wall 25,4 



r\Dl\ {c. noni) f, emission, efflux 

T :• 

(of semen) £z.23,20. 

yy^ (fut. nn; pt a;af ; pt p. viy, 

imp. yiT; inf. xn?) 1) to scatter 

seed, to sow D^IJIJ ^y^t. they have 

sown wheat Jer.12,13; tkh ^If 

018^? P1!0 thou Shalt not sow 

thy fleld with mixed seed Lev. 

19,19; y3;0 a^r herbs bearing 

seed Gen.1,29; nijnr lib n^ a land 

not sown Jer,2,25 of a tree: to 

plant \r^:yiJJ n; niop and thou 

shalt plant it with strange shoots 

Is.l7,lo; fig. n^nV ^y he that 

soweth righteousness Pr. 11,18; 

iniV(?\ b^^l ^$1T those who sow 

wickedness, reap the same Jb.4,8j 

pn5f!2 ?•?{. niK light (happiness) 

Is sown for the righteous P8.97, 

11.— 2) to scatter D'^IJSJ Opy,^) 

• • • • I 

when I will scatter them among 
the people Zch.10,9. 

Niph. nW ifut. P3J1) to be sown 
O;. 1»K'-.m;*?$ any seed... 
which is to be sown Lev,ll,37; 
of a woman: to be impregnated, 
to conceive y^T nyijwl and she 
shall conceive seed Num.5,28j 
TP T|pfi?9 pir tkh that no more 
of thy name be sown (1. e. propa- 
gated) Nah.1,14. 

Pu. PI? to be sown ^V^rbs they 
were not yet sown Is.40,24. 

Hiph. s^pp ifut 8^;it;. ;pt. rniD) 

to yield seed PlLS^^lb ^!?S herb 

• m • ■ 

yielding seed Gen. 1,11; of a wo- 
man: to conceive seed ^5 n^^ 
"Ij; n^*r;] ?i:>-ltO if a woman ha've 

conceived seed, and born a malt 
child Lev.12,2. 

pi. 8f, nyV'^l) m. 1) sowing, seed- 
time "T^Vi?! V% seed-time and 
harvest Gen .8,22.— 2) seed ^^.Ig 
V% yielding seed Gen l,ll;rK^i;? 
THJ'IL the produce of thy seed 
Deut.14,22; of the seed of animals; 
PH.n33B^ the seed of copulation 
Lev.lo,lC; fig. offspring, children, 
posterity, family, race Tig*]! '*9? 
TIO Vrai ^W^ out of the 'mouth 
of thy seed (children) and out of 
the mouth of thy seed's seed 
(children's children) 18.59,21; pif. 
•'IJt^B'J the royal seed (offspring),l; D^?lt? y:!I. seed of evil- 
doers Is 1,4; D^yjR Pll. male off- 
spring (i. e. mala 'child) IS.1,11. 

yyt Ch. m. seed, posterity K^^N yT 
the seed of men Dan.2,43. 

]1j;iT {pi D'^JPIO m. garden herb, 

t]nt (akin to Dip to flow, to pour, 

whence ^^HL- 

pit (^^- P'*'!^.^ ^0 scatter, to sprinklej 
fig. i3 r{p;^l nj^jp gray hairs are 
sprinkled about on him Hos.7,9. 
Pm. pi? to be sprinkled ^Q ^J 
l^iV pl^ «^ ni^ because the water 
of separation was not sprinkled 
upon him Num.19,13, 

niT I. Po. nn^r (/W. Illrp to sneese 



*irn n. to gird, to encircle, whence 
^'^^ pr.n. wife of Haman E8t.5,l0. 


m T (from nni to spread) f. span 


DflT P»". ». w. lChr.23,8. 


VlT P^* '^* *M. a Persian eunueh 

^ •• 


n the eighth letter of the Alpha- 
bet, called Heth D^PJ fence, be- 
cause in ancient Hebrew writing 
it presented the rudo shape uf a 
fence; as a numeral n=8, n=8,000. 

in (from Kjn; sf. ""^n) m. prop, 
hiding-place, whence: bosom ]^Dp/ 
"^J^i? ^3n? by hiding in my bosom 
my iniquity Jb.31,33. 

K2n to hide, to conceal {Kal not 

T T 


Niph, K|nj (2 ilKaW, Spl, 1W?mi 
A ^K^gj ; fii, K^jp;. ; Vn/'. K3Qr]) 'to 
hide oneself, to conceal oneself, 
to be hidden D^^Sn *7K K|i;i^ he 
hath hidden himself among the 
vessels IS.10,22; ^K|f;i^1D''n¥J''J^K5 
young men saw me and hid them- 
selves Jb.29,8; n^rjj ^K^n?.! and 
they hid themselves in the cave 

Jos.10,16; wann^ iig? ing ^:^r) 

thou Shalt go into an inner 
chamber to hide thyself 2Chr.l8, 
24; S'Sgna ^n'lJJl and they fled 
while concealing themselves Dan. 
10,8; with the inf. K|gj has the 
meaning of an adverb; i5^^«^i^lJS 
ni^!? wherefore didst thou flee 
away secretly? Gen.37, 27; fig. tsitrj 
^r}g{? V^2 ^^^^^^^ ^^^ scourge 

of the tongue shalt thou be hid- 
den (i. e. protected) Jb.5,21; Tp 
\^2n}, n^ya the voice of the 

• • • ■ 

nobles was hidden (i. e. hushed, 
silenced) Jb.29,10. 

Pu. «2n to hide oneself ^K3mn^ 
they hide themselves together 

Hiph. K'-sgn (f. ng^?m , once 

Hfl^Sgrj Jo8.6,17; fiU. ^^2:1) to 
hide,"to conceal ''jK'';nn IT Sv.5 
in the shadow of his hand hath 
he hidden me ls.49,2. 

Hoph. Kjm to be hidden '•QJJI 
^Kigin D>'5? and they are hid- 
den in prison houses Is.42,22. 

Hithp, KSOOn ipt ^3009) to 
hide oneself, to conceal oneself 
InpKI Dnnn KSDO!! and Adam and 
his wifo hid themselves Gen.3,8; 

nnrps nvn ^«5nr*.iand the people 

hid themselves in the caves IS. 

aan {pt. nyn) to love D''i?r:ianhe 

lovcth the people Deut.33,3 (comp. 
Talm. ijn to cherish, njn love). 

D3n i^r*. n. father-in-law of Moses, 


Num. 10,29, same as ^*)i1^. 
nan i=^^n ; imp. f, ^jm to hide 

r\b\in 147 

oneself WrB59? ''5C1 hide Ihy- 

• • • 

self but for a litiie momeDt Is. 

N^h, njnj (tnf, n^nrj) same as 
Kd: h^V k9 n^m] and he shall 
not be able to hide himself Jer. 
49,10 (nanj here for inf. njnn); 
^Ifi ^l}QD: to hide themselves 
in the field "2K.7,12. 

n7"^in Ch. f, evil deed, crime, 

*)l3n pr. n. a river in Mesopotamia 
which flows into the Euphrates. 

nn^an a. nn^n (from 135 id f. 

stripe, wound. 
Onn (fut. MW J pt Dan) to strike, 

to beat off, to thresh TlOU MHD ^9 
when thou beatest thy olive tree 
Deut.24,20; D''?n tD^h threshing 
wheat Jud.6,11; fig. of the gather- 
ing of scattered Israel; ^1 MrP 

orjyp hnriv ^np r\%^^ the 

Lord shall beat lyou] off from 
the channel of the river unto the 
stream of egypt Is.27,12 (Stb.). 

Ntph. ttSm ifut, Mm, tS^m) to 
be beaten out njfg D.Jp. H^gJ fenr 
nel is beaten out with a staff Is. 

iT2n pr. n. m. Neh.7,36, for which 

ninn Ezr.2,61. 

]?3n (from njn) tn. hiding, cover- 
ing *i^V l^'^^n the hiding of his 
power 'Hab.3,4. 

^an I. {fut. h'2r\: a. V:ini) d to 

~ T 

wind together, to b\n(\\ pt pi D^^T^n 
binders, bands Zch.11.7 a. U. — 


2) to pledge, to bind by pledge, 
to take a pledge TJ^HK Vanp ^5 

for thou hast taken a pledge 
from thy brothers Jb.22,6; iSjm 
n^D^S n'tr they take the widow's 
ox for a pledge 24,3; ^Srni ^)V'h'i] 

• • • 

and they take a pledge of the 
poor 24,3; pf . p. D^ t^D D'V? pledged 
garments Am.2,8. ' 

Niph. S3DJ (M. *?an.\) ace. 
Fuerst: to be pledged Ijn^ T| 
^^ ^5n;. Pr.13,13 whoso despiseth 
a thing shall [hereafter] be 
pledged to it (Stb. a. others: shall 
fall in debt to it;; ace. to some 
from ^315 II., which see. 

^3n H. {inf. Snn) to wound, to 
damage, to deal corruptly V^Q 
^4 ^'3*?3Q we have dealt very cor- 
ruptly against thee Neh,l,7. 
xipK '^^snj (fut him to be 

• • • 

wo :nded, injured, destroyed T3 
'^ ^35?. "^J'i^ whoso despiseth the 
word shall be destroyed Pr.13,13. 
Pi. *?3n (fut. hsr\]) l) to damage, 
to spoil, tc destroy ^TgnS D^WD 
a waster to destroy 18.54,16; pt 
D>D1? D^SSTO that spoil the vine- 
yards Cant 2,15.— 2) to be in 
pain, hence: to travail, to bring 
forth ?]1?K 710^317 npc^ there thy 
mother brought thee forth Cant. 

8A' fig- ]W^^^] ho travaileth 
with iniquity Ps.'7,15. 

Pu. 73n to be destroyed or 
broken ]^b V.99 hy h^n the yoke 
shall be broken because of fat- 
ness Is.10,27; li^^n '•nn my spirit 




is destroyed Jb.17,1 (EDg. Bible: 
my breath is corrupt), 

b^n Ch. Pa. SSG {inf. nSan) to de- 


stroy, to overthrow.— Ithp, /gnpij 
to be destroyed, overthrown. 

^5D ^^- ^^f' **^?ro •». hurt, dam- 

b^T\ ic. pi. vJD) »»• pain, sorrow 
nnlr^^ ''i?9D the pains of a travail- 

• • • 

ing woman Ho8.13,13; ace. Stb. 
metonymically of the young as 
the cause of the pains of birth: 
njnW;? Dri\*?3p they cast out 
their sorrows Jb.39,3; Hl^ \'?5p 
the sorrows of death P8.18,5; 
SlKl}^ ^h^Q the sorrows of hell v. 
0.-* D^^jn Jb.21,17 pi. of Sj,g , 
which see. 

h^n (pi D-^jn , c. '•S?D) w. (A only 
lzph.2,6) i) cord, rope hy^i Dn^^nj 
and she let them down by a cord 
Jos.2,15; of the rigging of ships: 
:];Sjn \\ff^i thy cords (i. e. tack- 
lings) are loosed Is. 33, 23; fig. 
D3l?P» DHK ^S^n? 1 will draw 
them with the cords of man (i. e. 
guide them with beneficent reins) 
Ho8.11,4.— jg*^ measure-cord, mea- 
suring-line SiD ^'^TB^O that shall 

• • • 

throw out a measuring-line (i. e. 
to divide off a piece of ground) 
.Mic.2,5; in full form nntj ^jg 
Zcb.2,5. — 3) fig. what is assigned 
by measure, portion of land, lot, 
district HTH: ^J3 Sjh the portion ' 

• • • • • 

of the children of Judah Jos.19,9; 
ii-lB ^jg-^l all the district of 

Argob Deut.3,4; QJH Sjp '•^Jt?^ the 
inhabitants by the districts of 
the sea Zph.2,5; poet. h^J) ipjp 
^riljM Jacob is his portion of in- 
heritance Ps.78,55; ^^"^^PJ D'^i'^Q 
D^p^^j^ portions (possessions) 
are fallen to me in pleasant 
places Ps.16,6.— 4) snare, toll 
"h^n (^•nnji Jiop the snare is laid 
for him in the ground Jb.18,10; 
fig- ^jr'^^r.^ri? inj^l they will be 
caught in the toils of affliction 
36,8. — 5) band, troop, company 
D^IJ^; 73n a company of proph- 
ets 18.10,5 a. 10. 

Wn (jpi. c. ^i^jri) w. sailor, ship- 

man (ace. Stb. prop, rigger, from 
^9g cord. tackle)i ^jnn 3^ prin- 
cipal sailor, shipmaster Jon.1,6. 

73n w. mast h^^ IS^NIJ upoh the 
•• • • 

top of a mast Pr.23,34 (others: 
tackling, from Sjp). 

hhn tn. 1) pledge ^^n Vh Siq hath 

not withholden the pledge Ez.l8, 
16. — 2) perverseness, corruption 
Neh.1,7 (ace. some vbQ in this 
passage is inf.\ see 7^11 II.). 

nibn f. pledge 2^^i y\r\ inSbn he 

restoreth his pledge for a debt 

n^S^n A lily or meadow-saffron. 


rT'JSin pr, n. m. 

T. • — -. 
. * 

ip^n {pi. p3n, f. nij^h; inf. p^^^ 

to embrace ]^ ^i?.9n ^l^$ thou shalt 
embrace a son 2K.4,16; withD^.l^ 
to fold the hands, i. e. to sit idla. 




Pi' P3n if^' pSOp to embrace 
(with or without 9) iS-pjO.^'J and 
he embraced him GeD3,13; IJ^P^] 
^jpo^O? and -his right hand em- 
braceth me Cant«2,6; fig. H^CIQ ''^^Ip 
'\Vi ^pjn for want of shelter they 
embraced a rocJc Jb.24,8L 

pan m. folding of the hands Pr.O, 
io (with D\,i;). 

p^pan i?r. n, a prophet whose wri- 
tings are preserved in the sacred 

lan I. ipt Ijn) prop, to bind, hence: 

1) to Join together, to be coupled, 
to be united p^r^g ^"1?? H^K-Sj 
D^*n^n all these Joined together 
(came together) in the valley of 

SiddimGen.4,3;nn5nj\;rjr) rinp 

nn1n8-*7K n^tj the curtains shall 
be coupled together one to another 
Ex.26,3; j>e. i). D^'^XX?. n^^ Joined 
to (allied with) idol's Ho8.4,17.— 

2) to bind by magic spells, to 
conjure H^IJ *13n one who con- 
jures with charms, a charmer 
Deut 18,11; Djnp DnjQ ^afl the 
wisest charmer P8.58,6. 

n. nao {fut, nsOV, inf. 130) to 
bind, to Join, to couple together 
7r!i<n"n§ *130^ to couple the tent 
together Ex.36,18; iSV n:i?n:iand 
he Joined himself with him 2Chr. 
20,36.— T[:}n\ P8.94,20 ace. Fuerst 
Pid form as if ^ were a guttural; 
ace. Ges. a. Stb. it belongs to 
PmoZ, which see. 

P». nsri (fut. nsm ; 8f Tn?nv 

to be Joined, to be bound together. 

to be associated n^'n^aijl^ 'I^VJ 
l^n! BL9 a city Joined together 
Ps!l22,4 (Eng. Bible: that is com- 
pact together); h^ ISf?^. n^ft ^p 
D^nn'^J he that is Joined to all 
the living Ec.9,4 OSH? Krl for 

noj!); with 8f. ni^n Kp? r\^iryn 

shall the throne of wickedness 
be associated with thee ? Ps.94,20 


' • • • • 

Hiph. li^^fJT) to string together, 

to Join together Uy^V. nT?n8 
I • • • • 

D^7Q3 I would Join words to- 
getber against you Jb.16,4 (Eng. 
Bible: I could heap up words). 

HUhp. ISDOn (once Chaldaic 
form nSDipl? '2Chr.20,35) to Join 
oneself, to unite oneself ^Ij^Dil^ 
they, shall Join themselves to- 
gether Dan. 11,6; inf. with «f. 
^"l^OO*?? because of thy Joining 
thyself (i. e because thou hadst 
Joined thyself) 2Chr.20,37. 

n^n n. to make a band around, to 


mark with stripes, whence iTJ^Sn 

(H^uo) and nii'iaq . . 
nnn ipi onsn , c. ^nim m. asso- 

ciate, companion n^R-S^S ^J^ njn 
?|^K1^ I am a companion of all 
them that fear thee Ps.l 10,63; 
^^n"i1(f D^'^; innn the one will 
lift up his fellow Ex.4,10; tS^''^^? 
D^^3D ^PS Joined together as one 
man Jud.20,11; ^I^jTSOft above thy 
companions (i. e. other kings) 
P8.45,8; D^?Jj ^:i5n companions of 
thieves l8.1,23. 
*l2n (=13Q) w. associate, com- 

nan 150 


panionj only once j?l. I'^Sv V^y, 
D^*l^n do the companions (the 
fishermen in company) dig pits 
for him? Jb.40,30. 

^3n Ch. {sf, ^n^l^n) m. CO* .panion. 
^n (pi D^^IJC!) m. 1) society, com- 

V!V • 

pany: band D^Jd^ ^jn company 

• • • 

of priests Ho8.6,9; ^l^D n^3 a com- 
mon house Pr29,9.— 2) spell, 
enchantment, charm ^^fj *^f3n one 
who conjures with a charm, a 
charmer Deut 18.11; pi. D'^l^D njn 
one who conjures with charms, 
a charmer Ps.58,6; af. HDV^? 
ni^^Q ^0^ ^^^ great abundance 
of thy enchantments Is. 47, 9 — 
3) pr. n. a) Gen 46,17 =*l5n Num. 
26,45; pair. ^30 ib. 6^ Jud.4,11 
and of other persons 

mainn (from njn ll , only pi. 
nV"ij"J3ri) stripe, streak. 

rr^^n Ch. f, associate, companion. 
T : - 

min f. society, company Jb.34,8. 

t: ••• 

in^n pr. n. 1) city ir Judah, pre- 
viously called yS'lK rini? Gen. 
23,2.— 2) name of several male 
persons; patr. '•I'l^G Num 3,27. 

rnSn f. companion; only sf. Tin^l^n 

thy companion (wife) Mal.2,14. 
r."l3n /. joining, Junction. 

B^nn ifut tyjDl a. tt^snv,!?! c^an ; pt 

— T • • • 

p.B^Uri; i»np. a. inf.^^U) 1) to bind 
on or around rfyj^p DH^ ^^SP] 
and thou shall bind the turbans 
on them Ex 29.9; t?5?3 Tlg^anW I 



bound thee around with fine linen 
Bz.16,10; ^{f^Jin*? B^Un e)lD the sea- 
weed was bound around my head 
Jon.2,6; D'^f^UQ D^b?M bound with 
cords Ez.27,24; Hg^jn? Sliip DlB^j 
to put a bandage to bind it up 
30,21.— 2) to bind up, to dresa 
wounds, to heal C^aPJM n''K?l KIT 
he maketh sore and bindeth up 

Jb.5,18; isy nj^-riK v. ^^n Di^3 

• • • • • • • 

in the day that the Lord bindeth 
up the breach of his people Is. 
30,26.- 3) to saddle TliJ tr^ffil 
WlDQ and he saddled his ass Gen. 
22,3;*D^?^^an D'^TCQ 1815 two asses 
saddled Jud. 19,10.— 4^ to enclose, 
to shut up pCM C^^:iD Dn\if shut 
up their face in secret Jb.40,13.— 
5)io bridle, to rule, to govern *)b'n 
^^Ql Bgt?P H;;t5> shall even he 
that hateth right govern? Jb.34, 
17; tran ls.3,7 ruler (Eng. Bible: 

Ft. B^gil to bind up 2*501? 
Dp^^ys?^ he bindeth up their 
wounds (1. e. he calmeth their 
sorrows) Ps.147,3.-- 2) to slop, 
to restrain t^^.ri rfinj ""^^p he re- 
straineth the streams from trick- 
ling Jb.28,11. 

Pt*. to be bound up ^h'i \^rvh 
y^^T\ they have not been pressed 
oat nor bound up Is.1,6. 

ri3n to cook, to tDake, whence 

a. nane. 

nsn (only i>l. D\'j;a lChr.9,31) m. 
anything baked^ pastry (ace. Stb.: 
a pan). 




an (c. :in ; 8f, VO; pZ. n'»jin, c. v.n) m. 

i; festival, feast JIP) ^^B^yi and 
thou shalt keep a feast Deut.16, 
10; TJ^n? rnc^5 and thou shalt 
rejoice in thy* feast; ^Sp:^. D'':n 
let the festivals run their circle 
Is.29,1.— 5"; festival sacrifice nipx 
D\nna3 Jn bind the fesiival sac- 
rifice * with cords Ps.l 18,27; 2\r\ 
^^n the fat of my festival sacri- 
ficj Mal.2,3. 
Njn m. terror, tremblicg Is. 19, 17, 

i:n (pZ. D"»5jq) m. j; locust, grass- 
hopper L«v. 11,22.— -8;;?r.n.Ezr.2,46 
nijn pr. n. m. Bzr. 2, 45; = K^^Q 

Neh. 7, 48. 
3jn 12 i>l. D(5^n ; /iif . jm , pZ. u^n.^ ; 
p*. JJ^n ; imp. f, ^^n ; m/l jh) prop, 
to turn in a circle, hence: 1) to 

reel, to be giddy ni3?^3 y}\:>\ U^m 

• • • 

they reel and stagger like a 

drunken man Ps.107,27.-^ 2) to 

dance D^j/ni Q^'1tr1 D^^5i< they 
• • • * • 

were eating and drinking and 
dancing IS.30,16.— 3) to move 
In a procession, to keep a fesHval, 
to celebrate JlJ^n jiDH a multitude 
moving in a procession (or: festive 
multitude) Ps42,5j -30 InK D^-Sni 
and ye shall keep (celebrate) it 
a feast Lev.23,41; TJJin mn^. >^n 

* m • 

celebrate thy feasts, JudahJ 

run ace. Fuerst: to cut io, to split, 

to bore into a rock. 
Ijn (only pi, c. V.^0) tw. cleft, ravine 

^y!5"\1^0 the clefts of the rock 
"^b. 3:*Cant. ? '" 

lljn adi. girded; c. jrf. ^iTR ^^^^0 


girded with girdles £z.23,15. 

Iljn («/: Wjjn.) m. girdle ^nn -liJC 
-• . ... 

a girdle with a sword 28.20,8. 
niljn Qjfc nnbq) /: glrdle, apron. 

^iO jw". «». a prophet whose wri 

tings form part of the sacrcA 

)}S} pr, n. m Gen.46,16 a. Num.26 

15 (in the latter passage also ai 

n*3n pr. n. m 

P3n ir. n. wife of David. 

\n (fut, n^TC ; j>f. n^n ; jjf. ;,. lUQ; 

ifnp.ifi}q,pi. n^nj m/: ^JD) i; 

to bind about, to gird CQH PlilJJ 
^A^ and thou shalt girdle them 
with girdles Ex.29,9; TJSnn i}Ji 
gird thy sword Ps.45,4; HC^in -^UQ 
girded with a new [sword] 2S.21» 
16; proverbially: ^IjH h^r}0\ Sy 
nrjSW let not him that girdeth 
on I the armour] boast himself 
as he that putteth It off IK.20,11} 
with pE^ to put on sackcloth as 
a sign of mourning Is.15,3, etc.; 
fig. ?VrP ^'y? ^7}^ e'le girdeth 
her ioins with strength Pr.31. 17; 
n^im m^? h'i the hills aro 
girded with joy Ps.65,13.— 2j 
=Jin to tremble, to quake ^*1^ni1 
D^n^pJO and they shall trem'bh 
(fear) out of their close places 
28.22,46 (=Dn"»p^'15PW ^'Wy Ps. 




in I. (from 13n ; f. njO) adj, sharp 
•"•ID ^^P ^ sharp sword Ez.5,1. 

in H. same as Ch. in, Heb. iptj 
one Ez.33,30. 

in Ch. (/: Kin , nnn) num. one ^T 

pnW "^n *?«!iT of whom Daniel 
was one Dan.6,3; before another 
cardinal number: a time H^^t^ ID 
seven times (sevenfold) Dan.3,i0; 
sometimes used as indefinite ar- 
ticle: K^l^ *in uhy a great image 
Dan.2,31; K^D ^ii^ a letter Ezr. 
4,8; also as ordinal number: ilit^^ 
^T^) n:jn in the first year "of 
Cyrus Ezr. 5, 13; nnqS (=Heb. 
*inK9) at once Dan.2,35. 

lin (3|rf. nn i^ to be sharp (see 

Hiph.).-- 2) to be fierce '';}BftJ nn 
y^^ they are more fierce than 
the evening wolves HHb.1,8. 

to sharpen C^^JJI inr ^nS? ^HS 

• ■ • • • * • 

^•nStl ^P5 nni iron sharpeneth iron: 
so a man sharpeneth the coun- 
tenance of his friend Pr.27,17, 

Hoph, inn to be sharpened 5^13 
n^nn a sword is sharpened Ez. 

nn pr. n. m. 

mtl (fy^' op. ^0,5) to be glad, to 

TT ' 

Pi. n^n (/W. n^n^.) to make glad 

TT'^arnK nnp??? Vninn thou hast 

made him glad with Joy by thy 
presence Ps.21,7. 

l^in fn. sharp point; pi, c. ^^HH 

C^*jn sharp-pointed potsherds (of 
the scales of the crocodile) Jb. 

min (from nnn) Ch. a. Heb. /. joy. 
nnCh.(Heb.nin;*/'.^nnr!) m. breast. 
Tin pr. n. a city in Benjamin. 

bin a. b-}!; {fut. SiTO , pi- "f^^l ; 

imp. *nq , |>Z. ^h^p ; m/". ^^0) i^ 
to cease, to leave off *lDQn 7in 
the rain ceased Kx.9,34; nl^n? by} 
it ceased to be Gen. 18, 11; V)']^ 
?j'*1 they cease from troubling 
Jb.3,17; •iDj^S U^nn we left off to 
burn incense Jer.44,18; ^inj. i(h 

r*?.?? ^:ii5P r?P the poor 'shaU 
never cease out of the land Deut. 
15,11; nSl^ bjT}^ she left speak- 
ing R.1,18;' n*? ^'^TJ cease to do 
evil l8.1,16.— 2) with D, ]9: to 
let alone, to desist from, to for- 
bear, to withdraw ^J!3P hlT] let 
me alone Jb.7,16; ']Q •»5W ^^C^ 
ni-DRn let my father desist from 
caring for the asses IS.9,5; Ph^H) 
iS itSQ and wouldest forbear to 
help him Ex.23,5i niB>J?5; hjlj he 
forbeareth to keep [the passover] 
Num.9,13; DlKn ]p DJ^ V7ip with- 
draw yourselves from man Is 2, 
22.— 3) to forbear, to leave un- 
done, not to do hjf}^ DK ...^SjJJT 
shall I go... or shall I forbear 
(i. e. not go)? IK.22,6; WPPrD^ 
^^"jnrDSI whether they wilVhear, 

• • • ■ 

or v^hcthor they will forbear (I. e. 
not hear) Ez.2,5. 

?in (c. h'2U) adh 1) forsaken, re- 




Jected D^tt^^K SlQ forsaken by men 
l8.53,3.— 2) frail '•JK ^n HQ how 
frail I am P8.39,5.— 5) forbear- 
ing Sja; Snpn] ypf : sbs^d he 

that heareth, let bim hear; and 
he who is forbeariug, let him 
forbear Ez.3,27. 

iin,^ hin (=n^n)m. world ^aif^i^ 

?in the inhabitants of the world 

. 18.38,11 (Qes. andFuerst: grave), 
^^in pr. n. m. 2Chr.28,12. 

p^T] to be priclcly or sharp, whenee 

the next word, 
pin , p^iQ w. prickly thorn Mic.7,4; 

Pr. 15,19. 
7Din i>. n. the river Tigris Gen.2,14, 

I ViV • 

*nn to enclose, to surround; rTJinn 

nnj Ez.21,10 ace. Ges.: the sword 

which besiegeth them (Bng. Biblet 
which entereth into their privy 

yin (c. ^3n ; «a ^^ig ; i>^. on^n , c. 

^nO) ^) chamber, room^Jtf^tjn 11Q 
bedchamber 28.4,7; nnp.en nid 
cool-chamber (summer chamber) 

Jud.3,24; with n loc. nnnnn Knn 

• • • 

and he entered into the chamber 
Gen.43,30; 11(1? 1T[p a chamber 
within a chamber, i. e. an anner 
chamber 2K.9,2; fig, ]t§^ n.-n the 
. chambers of the belly, i. e. the 

innermost breast Pr.18,8; njD ^tllQ 

• • • 

the chambers of death, i. o. the 
grave 7,27; ^D**}^ ^^no the cham- 
bers of the south, i. e. its remo- 
test recesses Jb.9,9« 
tTinn pr, n. an unknown country 

mentioned in Zch.9,1; ace. some: 

tS^in to be fresh, new, young {Kal 
not used). 

Pi, t^nO if^' 2^3D! ; intp, B^HD) 
to renew, to restore ^J9 tr.'jnp^ 
n^^K &Q^ ^^ou renewest the face 
of the earth Ps. 104,30; .Me^inj^ 
n^Ptpn and let us renew... the 
kingdom lis.11,14. 

HUhp, B^nOO? to be renewed, 
to renew oneself, to make one- 
self young again 1W.3 B^^QiW 

• • • 

^J^'l^Jfi thy youth is renewed like 
the eagle's Ps;103,5. 

ttf^T] adj. new tS^in ni3 a new house 
Deut.22,8j B^jn ^^0 a new king 
Ex.1,8; n^5D ^t^ a new wife 
Deut.24,5; D^l^'jn. D^rlSjS new gods 

• • • • 

Jud.5,8; substantively: something 
new or fresh IW^V^^ ^^^Jl? lif? ]^l) 
and ye shall bring forth the eld 
because of the new (of grain) 
Lev.26,10; f. HJ^nQ a new thing 
Is.43,19; pi rfe^nri new things 

B^in isf. itr-ig; pi, D^j?;i{], c. ^«?ig) 

m. 1) new moon, day of the new 
moon B^in ^tnp to-morrow is the 
new moom IS.20,18; itf-jp? B^'Jn ntj 

from one new moon to another 
Is.66,23.— 2) month D**?^^ B^"3n a 
month's time Gon.29,14; ITlnVK*! 
the beginning (i. e. the first day) 
of a month: D^'^tjip "'pt^l?^ and 
in the beginning of your months 

B*in pr, n. f. IChr.8,9; gent. ^^^J} 

T T-: 



nsnn pr. n. a city in Judah. 
nnn Ch. (=Heb. C^ip ; def, K^JlQ) 
adj. new. 

^yn Ch. see mo . 

y\T\ prop, to be bound, to be in- 
debted (morally), hence Pi. 11*11 
to make guilty, to endanger DiJSini 
"^^7 '•r^Vng and ye would 'en- 
danger my head with the king 

3ln m. debt T^l yn in^zbQ he 
restoreth his pledge for a debt 
Ez. 18,7. 

n3ln pr. n. a place north of Da- 

3^n (akin to Jlirj; pret, Jirj) to de- 
scribe a circle, to enclose, to en- 
compass; DJD"\wfi"^y Jin pn ace. 
Puerst: he drew a circle about ihe 
waters (Eng. Bible: he hath encom- 
passed the waters with bounds). 

J^H m. circle, circuit, compass y\T\ 
l^'Jtjn the circle of the earth Is. 
40,22; D^Df^ m the circuit of 
heaven Jb.22,14; ^.f^S -^n ipn? 
D^lin when he set a compass 
(bounds) upon the face of the 
depth Pr.8,27. 

*l5|n {pret. nn ; /tif. t^n; ; imp ^\rx) 

1) to knot, whence HTn riddle, 
parable.— 2) joined with TV^U 
to propose a riddle Jiirl.U,12 or 
lo propose a parable Eb.17,2. 

mn I. to live. — Pi. to animate, 
whence pr. n. njn , which Gcii.3, 
20 explains by ^n'9| DK the mother 
of all living. 

mn II. Pi^ rm (fut, n?mj wrh. n. 

r'^D) to shew, to declare "HW 
ny^ be dcclarBth knowledge Pa. 
19,3; D308 ^m rilDB KTty and I 

• • • • • 

was afraid to shew you mine 
opinion Jb.32,6; with sf. 7]\nR I 
will shew thee 15,17. 

mn a. ^in Ch. Pa. K.\n (fui. K\nv, 

9f. ViilCji to shew, to declare 
KW8 WJ^D^ K-IB^SI and I will shew 
unto the king the interpretation 
Dan.2,24; ^;m\ HlC^p^ and he 
will shew me the interpretation 
thereof 5,7. 

Aph. Kiqn {fvi HIDlIV, imp. pi 
linn ; inf. T^l^T^y) to 8hf»w, to de- 
clare njinn^ ^3^^ kj*:© n^D ^^i 

that can show the king's matter 
Dan.2,10; ]in.n;n T^^}?^^ K^^PI ]n] 
but if ye shew the dreaui and the 
interpretation thereof v. 6, 

n^n (pi. nb) /•. l) village, hamlet.— 
2) pr. n. of the first woman Gen. 
3,20 (see mn I.). 

''Tin !>»". «. w. 

nin {pi Cinin a. D'Tliq) w.i) thorn.— 

2) hook.— D'^lihi 2Chr.33,ll ace. 
Stb. in fetters{ others: among the 

O^n Ch. to bind, to Join (Ar. t3Kn 
to sew).— Aph. DrjK {fxU. DrP) to 
strengthen, to repair ItD'm K^g'^l 
and they strengthened the foun- 
dations Kzr.4,12. 

B^n m. thread, cord D^n3 as a thread 

Jud. 16,12; '^itfn t:in r\y^r\ the line 

of scarlet thread Jos.2,18; tt^n 


B^^??9D a threefold cord Ec.4,12, 
^ pr. n. Hivltes, a Canaanitic 


TVTT\ pr, n. name of an unknown 

country; ace. some: a district in 
Arabia; others; India. 

;Ti a. h'^n (pret, *?n ; fut. h}Tv , ^h; , 

^"^Vl inf. h\n) 1) to turn in a 
circle, to dance nlVnM hnS to 
dance In dances Jud. 21,21.— 2) to 
twist, to writhe, to be pained 
^t: rih^fj nS^riK l am pained at 
my very heart J°r.4,19 (=nS-nK); 
\h^r)\ nnS;»a they shall be in pain 
as a woman that travaileth Is 
13,8.— 3) to tremble h^TX^ >zh 
^5*]i?5 my heart is trembling 
within me Ps. 55,4; y^^ ^^Ti 
tremble, thou earth Ps.114,7. — 
4) to fall or be hurled upon, to 
be laid, to stay, to abide tTKI hv 
hr\\ D^Vf^T it shall fall upon the 
head of the wicked Jer. 23, 19; 
^''5?| ^10 ^^P? and the sword 
shall abide on his cities Ho8.11,6; 
D^n; nj \hn kSi. and no hands 
were laid on her Lam.4,6.-- 5) 
to be strong, firm, stable ^^Tl^ 


VJT] his ways are firm (i. e. his 
affairs prosper) Ps.10,5; 'r^nj-xS 
to^D his good shall not be stable 
Jb.20,2I.— 6) to wait, to hope 
(=''0;, which see) Ty 'rnn and 
he waited yet Gen 8,10; TJ iSw 
t2^^3 and they waited till they 
were late Jud. 3,2^, DDm 'r^mi alt: 
ii Is good that one sbould wait 

146 ^Vt 

(hope) In silence Lani.3,20. 

Pi- ''!?in (fui. "^^inn 1) to turn 
in a circle, to dance; pt, f, pi. 
n^S^inp those that danced Jud. 
21,23.— 2) to bear a child, to 
bring f orthDJ^Hnf^nn^ h^, .«1D^?n 
look... unto Sarah that bare you 

18.51,2; y!:9 \Sai n;i*?. nj? ^yyn 

ibp^il niKs SSiri knowest thou the 
time when the wild goats of the 
rock give birth? or canst thou 
mark when the hinds bring forth? 
Jb.39,1; hence also: to form, to 
create nn| tfn^ 1T n^^in his hand 
hath formed the flying serpent 
Jb.26,13; *?a^l Y^^^ S^in^J thou 
hadst formed the earth and the 
world Ps.90,2; TlS^ini? h^ God that 
created thee Deut.32,19; of the 

wind: to bring forth Sj;inn |isy nn 

DJf^l the north wind bringeth forth 
rain Pr.25,23; flSHnp ls.51,9 bo- 
longs to SSn.— 3) 'to cause to 
start, to terrify rfhv^ SSin^ ^^\ ^ip 
the voice of the Lord causeih 
the hinds to start P8.29,9 (Eng. 
Bible: causeth the hinds to calve, 
i. e. to bring forth; comp. h^^n 
ri'i^^K Jb.39,1 quoted above).— A) 
to wait, to hope i*? ^h^nT\\ and do 
thou wait for him Jb.35^14. 

Fu. ^^in 1) to be born, to be 
brought forth '•n^^in Jiiy? in 
iniquity was I brought forth Ps. 
51,7.— 2) to be startud, terrified 
Jb.26,5;^Hn5 l8.53,5 I'rom hhn. 

Hiph, h'^nri {fut. *?^n;i to cause 
to tremble, to shake ^^I^JV-^P 
^^ip the voice of the Lord 

shaketh the wilderness Ps.20,8. 

Soph, Snn to be brought forth, 
created im Di"'? f'tjg Snvri. shall 

• • • • • • 

a land be created in one day} 
(Eng. Bible: shall the earth be 
made to bring forth in one day?). 

Hithp. I. SSiHipn (pt. *?.^inip9) D 

to whirl oneself SJjinillJ *irc a 
whirling storm Jer.23,19.-- 2) to 
writhe with pain Kin ytfj ''{J^'Sj 
//.^nnp the wicked man writheth 
with pain all his days Jb.15,20.- 
3) to hope, to wait ^^fjTOm ^^\S Qii 
be silent before the Lord, and 
wait patiently before him Ps.37.7. 
Hithp, II. redupl. hrhuHT} to be 
terrified IKt? n^^JSn ^D^DOPJ and 
the queen was exceedingly ter- 
rified Est.4,4. 

7^H pr. n. w. 

7ln w. sand. 

Din to be burnt, blackened, whence 
pr. n. DPI and adj. Din. 

D^n arfj. brown, swarthy. 

nOin (c. nOin; ;>!. nlDin) f, en- 
closure, wall ngin I'^y a walled 
city Lev.25,29 Hgin |\K nvn§ *1^y 
'. city that is broken down, with- 
out a wall Pr.25,28, fig. defence 
U\^y Vn n^ln they were a wall 
(1. 6. a defence) unto us 1S.25, 
16j of a chaste maiden difficult 
of access Cant.8,9; du. D.'^ptoin of 
the two walls of Jerusalem on 
the south side 2K.25,4. 

D^ (pret n^n , 2 npn ; fut. orv , 

CfJ , ap. Dp;; pt, DQ ; tmp. nplIT) 


to commiserate, to pity, to spare 

0D!]B"«^1 DinK-t**?} nor will I 
• • • • 

spare, nor have mercy Jer.l3,H' 
]i^p;i5n-*?8 iJOD thou hast had pitj 
on the gourd Jon.4,10; hl'^V DfP 
he shall spare the poor P8.72,13; 
usually with ]\V : DD^^.R '•J'»S DgpJ 
and mine eye spared them £t« 
20,17; Dn\Ss TirS Din^ «*? thine 
eye shall have no pity on them 
Deut.7,16; once with the omission 
oH'S- Ti?¥ Vn] Dnnj but [min^- 
eye] had pity on thee IS.24,11. 

ffjin (from cjgn) m. coast, shore; 

DB^n pr. n. son of Benjamin Num. 
26,39 =0"©^ Gen.46,21; pair, '•^Jin, 

pn (={^Vn) to cut off, to part off, 
to separate, to divide; whence 

yVl (pi nmn , nivri) m. prop. waU 
of separation, hence: 1) street 
n^pkn Y^^ the bakers* street Jet 
37,21.— 2) place out of a city: 
country, field f^K Htrr J^*?"!!; 
mv^n] while as yet he had not 
made the earth, nor the fields 
Pr.8,26; with H loc. H^^n, also 
def. nynn abroad; Y^^U Jud.l9, 
26 =:nvinn.— 5; adv. without, 
abroad pn ni^lD born abroad 
Lev.18,9; ('^np^ j^ap within and 
without Gen.6,14; TyS pnp with- 
out the city 19,16; njingS ('^np 

out of the camp Deut.23,11; with 
D : besides, except V?9 Y^ ^^' 
sides me Ec.2,25 (Eng. Bible: mom 
than Ij. 

pm 157 

pVl to enclose, to embrace, hence 
pVl P8.74,ll Ktib for p'^Vl, which 


*Tin I. to be white , hence HlQ ; fig. 
to be shining, noble, whence liTi I. 

a. nin I. 

^in II. to hollow out, hence *lin II. 
a. I^n IJ. 

*Tin (/m*. "^in^) to be white, to grow 

pale ^TJQ.\.Vjf his face shall grow 
pale Is.29,22. 

Iln I. nn (only i>Z. D'^Yn a. D'»11n , 
c. ^^n) m. free-born person, noble- 
man D-'inn-SKl D^jpjn-'?8 to the 

elders and to the nobles IS.21,8; 
D^^n^j^ the son of nobles Ec. 

1in IL nn ipi. D^^n , c. ^^n,*/". v-jn , 

^ri"';jn) m. i^ hole, opening.— 2) 
den of wild beasts Nah.2,13.— 3) 
socket of the eye rcpBH v:^V 
]D^nn? their eyes shall consume 
in their sockets Zch.14,12. 

I^n I. m. white linen, white cloth. 
ITi II. T (=*t^n II. ; pi D^^n) m. 

hole ^Qg 111 Sg on the hole of 
the asp Is.ll',8; D^? Dn^nj they 
are all of them in holes (i. e. 
prisons) Is.42,22. 

^^n pr- n, 1) husband of Miriam, 
sister of Moses. — 2) b^ king of 
Midian and other persons. 

nin (=n^n L) m. white cloth, 
white linen clothes. 

'•'l^n !>*•. »• »». lChr.11,32, for which 

••in 28.23,30. 
Dl^n , D5'D a. On'^n i>r. n. i; a king 

of Tyre, contemporary of Solo- 
mon.— 2) a Tyrian artificer who 
was a Danite on his mother's 
side; ='»5K D'Jin 2Chr.2,12 a. D'Jin 
VJK 4,16.— 3) another person 
mentioned in IChr.8,5. 
pin pr. n. Hauran, a region south 

of Damascus, west of }!?^J and 

B^^Pi (pret. trn , 1 "'n^^n ; /w. ly^n; , 

op. B^nnj ; imp, T\^T[) to flee, to 
make haste, to speed tS^H ^^j$ 
Tb^;!.!^ as the eagle that hasteth 
to eat Hab.1,8; toS rfn^OJ? tS^Q the 
future speedeth along for them 

Deut.32,35; ^nnDncnn vh\ •'ot?n 

• • • . . . 

I made haste and delayed not 

Ps.i 19,60; •'^.n ni?*|9-Si; B^nrn or 

if my foot hath hasted to deceit 
Jb.31,5; ^7 nc^^n make haste unto 
me Ps.70,6;n^^n Ps.71,12 Ktib for 
T\'&\T\ ; pi. p. pi. D'^pn ready for 
battle Num.32,17; fig.' a) of inter- 
nal haste, emotion or impulse: 
"^^ ^B^in *lUg3 because of my 


hasting within me (1. e. my emo- 
tion) Jb.20,2. h) of the appetites 
or enjoyments: B^in; ^I}^ h^^"^ "'D 
who can eat, or who is hasty 
(i. e. eager to enjoy) Ec.2, 25 
(Stb. and others: who can feel). 

Kiph. C^Tin (fM^. tr^rP) to haste, 
to make haste y^'^X\r\ 5^^711 and 
the Hers in wait hasted Jud. 

20,37; B^'^m tkh rtJSfin he that 
• • • 




believeth shall not make haste 

Is. 28, 16 (Stb.: shall rrt be trcu- 
bled); tr, to hasten ^nfe'SS HC'IT 

• • • 

let bin: hasten lis vcrk Is. 5, 10; 

^? ttjf p n&^riN 1 would hasten my 

• • • • 

escape Ps. 55, v) (Fuerst: ] hasten 

to a place of refuge); nag^TK n^J r? 

1 vill hasten It in its time Is. 60,22. 

na*^n pr,n.m. lChr.M=nr.^tr 4,11; 

lair. '»ri'r? 2S. 21, 18 a. •'0?»J 
1 Chr. 20, 4. 
^pTi P^' ♦*• w. L S. 15, 32. 

D^B*^n pr. n. w. Gen.46,23 =Dn^B^ 

D2^^n pr, n. an Kdomite king IGhr. 

1.45 =D^n Qen.36,34. 

n^n see rinn. 

Dnln m. 1) seal, signet-ring Dpin 
nv a firm seal Jb.41,7; D^^n lljn 
seal-clay 38,14.— /^^ pr, n. m. 

^KTH iw. n. a Syrian king IK.19,15 

=^Knm 2K.8,8. 

Ktn Ch. see mn. 

T-: ^ • 

nm (from rrn; /"u^. njn;, aj). rn,:: 
YrD«, -Ntn^; 3i)Z. prg;; imp, 
n;.ri; ^w/". nirn.j pt, nfn, pZ. D^fn) 

1) to penetrate, to pass through 
nj!3.^.^D'»}58 n^a it passeth through 
the place of stones Jb.8,17.- 

2) to comprehend, to see, to be- 
hold niSp. nj^g ^^B^5tJ in my flesh 
shall I "see" God 'jb.19,26; ^q 
D^d'^^ni^a?? behold the vvorks 
of God Ps 46,9; with ^8 or S : to 
see prophetically, to prophesy 
jTJlT'j 78 njn he saw (prophesied) 

concerning Judah Is. 1,1; '^}i^^\ 
Sgjjl Kl^ ifl Wn thy prophets have' 
seen (prophesied) vain and fool- 
ish things for thee Lam*2,14; with 
^: to look upon, to gaze upon, 
to observe ^| IJf!^.! that we may 
look upon thee Cant 7,1; D^fnri 
D^J}3^33 those who gaze upon or 
observe the stars, stargazers Is, 
47,13.— 3) to select nvn T thou 
hast selected a place 57,8; 
D?n-Sj? ninp r\^^\ and thou 
shalt select (Eng. Bible: provide) 
out of all the people Ex.18,21. 

nrn a. nm Ch. (pt n?n, pi. p.;.g; 

pt, p. riTQ ; inf, H]pJ^) to see, to 

behold njh n. hv H^fij^-nn ...kjo^ 

to heat it... seven times more 
than seen (1. e. than it was wont 
to be heated) Dan.3,19. 

HIT] (c. n?n ; pi. rf?n) w. breast of 


nip (from n|n) m. 1) seer, prophet 

(c. nfn).— ^^ covenant, agreement 
njfl {:^'pv SlK^f^ Dy we have made 

• • • 

a covenant with hell Is.28,15. 
Itn pr, n. tw. 

im Ch. (8f, HOT) f. look, sight,' 

visibility HV^ST^i^ ^onDJ and 
the sight thereof to the end of 
all the earth Dan.4,17. 

nn Ch. (def, K;in; 8f. ^UD, r\mi 

c. pi. vrri) m. i; vision Hl^.'h \V.G 
night visions Dan. 7,7.— 2) look, 
f(irm, appearance "|P HI njIH;. 
•^Dlji^G and its form was greater 




than that of its companions Dan. 
lltn (c. ]iTri) m. vision, prophecy, 

revelation •»!?{{ HKnj r:n a vision 
appeared unto me Dan.8,1; ]^?n 
^IB a vision from the Lord Lam. 
2^9; {^5?i l^rn YH prophecy was 
not extended IS.3,1 (Eng. Bible: 
there was no open vision), 
r.ltn (c. ni?n) f. vision, revelation 

T • 

niTH /". iJ vision, revelation Is.21,2. — 


2} appearance, sight MH ]^f5^ a 
sightly horn Dan.8,5; VS'IK mn 
four sightly [horns] v. 8.— 3) 
covenant ^iK?^-njJ D?0^^!?2 and 
your covenant with hell Is.28,18; 
comp. njn above . 

TTH to separate, to cut asunder; 
whence n?n, PJCl. 

^N'^trl pr. n. m. 

n^tn pr. n. m. 

]VTn pr. n. m. 

]rjn (c. i^tn, 8f. irjg; i>i. nwp 

w. vision, revelation ]VJCJ D''/C.3 
ly^yi in a dream, in a vision of 
the night Jb.33,15 n"'K'';|n ^ty:^^ 
l^inj} t?''^t the prophets shall be 
ashamed every one of his vision 
Zch.13,4; liMnK\^ the valley of 
vision (the lower part of Jeru- 
salem) Is.22,1 a. 5. 

rrn (from rrn; c. Pin) w. bolt, flash 

of lightning rfhp rVD lightning 
of thunders, thunder-flash Jb.28, 
27; pi. n^nn Zch.10,1. 

I^tn pr. n. w. 

■ •• 

'T'Tn (from *i?n) w. swine, boar Ttn 

^??i9 ^-^^o ^^'^r out of the wood 

pm (fut. pjp.;, pio:; iwi>. pin, pi 

VP ; w^A P^n a. np^T^g) i; to be 

mkde tight oytlOto ^p{0; ]§ lest 
your bands be made tight ls.28, 
22.— 2) to hold fast, to adhere 
firmly hSkJ 1^r^{n pmn and his 
head caught hold of the terebinth 
2S.18,9; fig, to hold fast ])iri) 
;i mln? IpTQJ that they might 
hold fast to the law of the Lord 
2Chr.31,4 (Eng. Bible: that they 
might be encouraged In the law 
of the Lord).— 3) to be strong, 
to be strengthened {^9K1.pTD be 
strong and of good courage Deut* 
31,7; pJOlplCl be strong, yea, be 
strong,19; ^^^r ^iTiWi^ 
thy hands shall be strengthened 
Jud.7,11; hence of health: to re- 
cover, to strengthen p{p.Jl H^Q 
he had been sick and was re- 
covered Is.39,1; npjrf: ...n^N^ST nnj? 

to apply remedies... to make it 
strong Ez.30,21; with ]P: to be 
stronger than, to prevail over 
•»;jt?'?en-]p nn pinM and David 
prevailed over the Philistine IS. 
17,50; with ^V: to be strong above 
^"'i'V pini] and he shall be strong 
above liim Dan. 11,5; also with 
accus.: hf\n} '•iOfJin thou art 
stronger than I and hast pre- 
vailed Jer20,7.-- 4) to be hard 
^¥5? D''J\'?S PI5 the famine wa« 



hard on them Qeii.47,2Q (Eng. 
Bible: the famine prevailed over 
tbem); D?;:i?1 ^b^ 'ipTn your words 

• « • • • 

have been hard against me Mai. 
3,13.— 5) to be firm -I31 piriy 
M'i^'hVi n!:en and the king'-s word 
was firm against Joab 28.24,4 
(Eng. Bible: prevailed against). 

Pi- piD (fut pjnp 1) to make 
strong, to strengthen D^iOP pJ.D 
to make [thy] loins strong Nah. 
2,2; UpiDS ?]PP.3«1 and I will 
strengthen him with thy girdle 
18.22,21; of a city: to fortify ''pp 
T]n>f5P fortify thy strongholds 
Nah.3,14; of a building: to repair 
n;3i3 P'JS ri8 pjjl^ to repair the 
breaches of Ihe house 2K.22,5; 
withT: to strengthen one's power, 
to enconrage VT-fig iptPI IK^g 
'^''njfiJ-nB Jl'inS who had strength- 
ened his hands (i. e. encouraged 
him) to slay his brothers Jud.9, 
24; n^lts!: Dnn:. ptnp and they 
strengthened their Lown| hands 
(i. e. they took courage) for the 
good work Neh.2,18; with T3 : to 
help, to assist '^2^ Dn^T?'^p?n 
*)B?. they aided them with vessels 
of silver Ezr.1,6.— 2) to harden, ; 
to make obstinate I2^"r.8 Ping 
I shall harden his heart Ex.4,21; 
yhuc nrf^.:? ^pm they have made 

• • • • • 

their faces harder than a rock 
Jer.5,3; y:j 1 J^ ^ot^"^p?n: ace. Ges. 
they are obstinate in wickedness 
P8.64,6 (Eng. Bibles they encourage 
themselves in an evil matter). 


tnf. p^lOp , pLDD) 1) to hold fast, 
to fasten ^3 ?]i;nK ^pVClO fasten 
thine hand upon him (i. e. hold 
him in thine hand) Gen.21,18.— 

2) to seize, to take hold of ^pJ'lp.'J 
. n pangs have seized thee Mlc. 

^fi'^ ^?rW ^?tl trembling hath 
taken hold on her Jer.49,24; H^g^ 
''-JOp.Vnn astonishment hath taken 
hold of me 8,21; with 3 : to catch 
by, to hold fast ^^m '•fluinni 1 
caught him by his beard 18.17,35; 
n^tjnns p'»jnn they hold fast de- 
ceit Jer.8,5; with h ' to lay hold 
of *h pp^l "h pvnn] he laid hold 
of him, and kissed him 28.15,5. — 

3) to make strong, to strengthen 

Sji ^^9 ninrn^ \*^i?lopi but I 

will strengthen the arms of Ba- 
bylon Ez.30,25; of a building: to 
repair np.l3 NP.'^ICIB those who re- 
pair thy rents 27,9 (ling. Bible: 
ihy calkers); f'n^r. to become strong, 
fo be strengthened H^VoS ny pvnn 
he became exceedingly strong 
2Chr.26,8.— 4) to relieve, to help, 
to sustain (with 3) ***^V^ ^^DV"'?3 
^2 nninni and if thy brother is 
become poor... thou shalt relieve 
him Lev.25,35i HDinn nSwSpj 
''OplQ.^. riXtn I have sustained the 
work of this wall Neh.5,16 (Eng. 
Bible: I continued in the work of 
this wall); "h l^yuh} PVDB^ as a 

• • • a • 

helper and a defence to him Dan. 
11,1.— 5) to hold, to keep nn^l 
n!2?^n fli^tpB and the other held 
a weapon Neh.4,11; also with 2 ; 
D^rnj^l J D''p^tne D;V0] and half ol 





T r 

them held the spears v. 15| of 
anger, to retain ^QH 1V^ pirS}'^^ 
he retaineth not his anger for 
ever iMic.7,18; of measure: to hold, 
to contain ni?'::? D^03 P"*inB 
S^Ji D^5^8 it held" and contained 
three thousand baths 2Chr.4,5. 

Hithp. pyDOiJi) to be strengthen- 
ed, to strengthen oneself pjnilM 
In^^'rC-by ...rtb^B^ and Solomon 
was strengthened in his kingdom 
2Chr.l,l; ^S'^if'i KQiTJ and Israel 
strengthened himself Qen. 48, 2; 
with 3: to encourage oneself 
ilS ni^p.tnfljlbut David encouraged 
himself in the Lord lS.30,6;with 
*Ty3: to show oneself valiant 
Ufji? ny? pjnnpi and let us show 
ourselves valiant for our people 
28. 10, 12; with Of to hold with, 
to help Dan. 10, 21. 

pjn (pi m. D^pm, c. ••pjp; f, Hi^r^n) 

adj 1) strong, firm, powerful; of 
the wind: violent; in the sense of 
a noun: pjn? with might 18.40,10,— 
2) stiflT, obdurate, bold oS WI1 
stiffhearted, obdurate of heart Ez. 
2,4; nSB-\7Tr3 bold of forehead (i. e. 
impudent) 3,7. 

pjn adj. strong, powerful, vaxing 
strong Ex 19,19 a. 28.3,1. 

pTH («/•. ''pin) f. strength, might 

pTPI («/•. ^3 pig) m. strength, might 

T pin^ by strength of hand Ex. 
• • • 

nptn (prop, verb, n.; c. rijllQ) f. the 

being or becoming strong, strength 
I^S'^SI^npm? In his becoming 
strong (when he became strong) 
his heart was lifted up 2Chr.26, 
16; i^lB^M ^DiJin? in his being 

• • • ' • • • • 

strong in his wealth (by his 
strength through his riches) Dan. 
ll,2j TH nprn^in the being strong 

of his hand (i.e. with the strength 
of his spirit) Is.8,11. 

npTH /". 1) strengthening, repair- 
ing (of a building) 2K.12,13.— 2) 
force, might, violence; Hijin? Jon. 
3,8 with might, Ez.34,4 violently, 
Jud.8,1 vehemently. 

!•: • 

n*DTn pr, n. 1) king of Judah 2K. 
Ti»: • 

chapters 18 a. 20 =n*pin 2K.16, 

20, n;pin; is.1,1 a. nvjn; hos. 

1,1. — 2) ancestor of the prophet 
Zephaniah. — 3) name of several 
other persons. 

ITH ace. Fuerst to be strong (ace. 
Stb. prob. to be bristle-like), hence 

nn (=D^n; 8f. ^nn-.pi D-^nn, c. '•nn) 

m. hook, ring.— D^^Pin Ez.29,4 Ktib 
for D^HQ. 
Nan (M. Kg)K ; pi. Kpn a. Kgn , 

^pl D'•^5p^ ; pt f. n^in j inf. KDq , 

once ^tsn ; verb. n. af. in^tsq) 1) to 

miss, to' fail KR^n D^S^I? Vk he 

that hasteneth \vith his feet miss- 

eth [the right path] Pr.19,2; ^KDn 
. . . • 

ihTSj C^n whosoever misseth me 
harmeth his own soul 8,36 (Eng. 
Bible: he that simneth against mc 


T T 


T - 

etc.); »<PC1C^ vh) T15J mp§i thou 

shalt visit thy habitation, and 
shalt miss nothing Jb.5,2i. — 2) 
to sin ^h ^0^?P i l^ave Mnned 
against the Lord 28.12,13; with 
KQQ or nt<&n: to commit a sin 
Lam.1,8 a. Lev.4,3.— 3) to bear 
blame D''9;n-Sj T|^ ^■:Kg^l then 
will I bear the blame all my life 
Gen.43,9.— 4) to commit N^DHl 
Ktsn ng*K to2^8"ns h^ shall bring 
[as a sacrifice for] his trespass, 
which he hath committed Lcv.5,7 
(comp. V. 11).— 5) to take away 

sinfully tr'Jpn-ipw^nnpifnK what 

he hath taken away sinfully of 
the holy things Lev 5,16 (Eng. 
Bible: for the harm he hath done 
in the holy thing).— 6) to forfeit, 
to endanger ^ITpi ^P.^H he for- 
feitcth his soul Pr.20,2. 

PL K{?n {fut. t<m\ , 1 with 8f. 
n|ens for natjeng) h to bear the 
loss of Gen.31,39— 2) to purge 
nnBSl y^m 'imm purge me 
with hyssop and 1 shall be clean 

Ps.51,9j with hV: n3TQ3 bv QKgm 

• • • 

and thou shalt cleanse the altar 
Ex 29,36.— 3) to offer as a sin- 
offering Lev.6,19 a. 9,15. 

Hiph. w^^nn (fxu. k^i?d:; pt 

W'tpOS) 1) to 'miss, to fail' HJ-Sj 

every one could sling stones at 
a hair, and would not miss Jud 
16,20.— 2) to cause or lead to 

sir. ^r?'3i?rn« «^??no ^m "^nmn?^ 

and in his sin, which he caused 
Israel to sin lK.15,2iV,TliTK IS^'Pn 

V they cause thee to sin against 
me Ex.23,33. - 3) to make guilty, 
to condemn n^n? cnij ^{^^ODO 
they make one guilty of a word 
Is.29,21 (Eng. Bible: that make 
man an offender for a word). 

Hithp, Kfinjiri 1) to miss one's 
way, to lose oneself (from fright) 

}Hmr)\ D'^T^tfD D^^K nu; irt?? 

at his lifting himself up the 
mighty are afraid: the waves 
miss their way Jb 41,17.— 2) to 
purify oneself KBnn; H^J TJJ it 
shall be purified with the water 
of separation Num.31,23. 

Nan (8f. iN*t?n ; pi D-^ijen , c. "BDD , 

sf. DJ^JJDn) w. 1) sin, transgres- 
sion, fault s*t:n 7)5 nrn] it will be 

sin unto theo Deut.15,9; njp J<tjn 
sin worthy of death 22,26. — 2) 
guilt or punishment of sin ^t^C^n 
t<^] he shall bear his guilt Num. 
9,13; rggn Sy nSI a man [com- 
plaineth] for the punishment of 
his sins Lam.3,39. 
Nan {pi D^K^D) adj, sinful Gen. 

13,13 a. Num.32,14; f. HgCin Am, 
9,8; as a substantive: sinner, of- 
fender Ps.1,1 a. IK.1,21. 
riNBn 1) f. sin, guilt, punishment.— 

T T - 

2) adj f. of K^n , which see. 
HNSSn Ch f. sin-offering Ezr.6,17 

(Ktib s*;en). 

nt<\:^n f. sin Gen.20,9.— 2) sln^ 
offering Ps.40,7. 

riNEn ' c. nnm , sf. •'os'en ; pi rfKDn , 
c. riNtsn a. ii«isn fur niwtsn, 8f 


- T 



TjOten, ^ro^tsn)/^. (m. only Gen. 
4,7) 1) sin, transgression Jer.17,1; 

sometimes: punishment for sin 
Zch.14,19.— 2) sin-offering, sacri- 
fice for sin Lev.4,8.— 3) purifi- 
cation from sin ilKCin ^Q waters 
of purification Num.8,7 

30n (akin to nVil ; fut abn: ; pt 

^fjn , pi. c. ^3pn) 1) to cut, to hew 
(wood) Deut.19,5 a. 29,10.— 2} to 
stripe, to variegate; pt. p. pi, 
rfUpCl striped, party-colored tex- 
tures Pr.7,16 (see also njpn). 
Pu. 5©n [pt- ^CirjO) to be hewn, 

sculptured ^yri n"'j?ri ninenip 

• • * • 

sculptured in the model of a pal- 
ace Ps.144,12. 

n^bn ipt' p. f. of ^60) prop, what 

^ \ • 
• is striped, hence: party-coloied 

texture, tapestry; only pi. rfUPQ 

D^VP I^DK tapestry of Egyptian 

yarn Pr.7,16 (Eng. Bible: with 

carved works, with fine linen of 


nX^n (pi D"'W, once ^ipn Ez.4,9, 
c. ^gi;)) f. wheat, grain of wheat; 
nign 2^U fat of wheat Ps.81,17 a. 
n§il ni''?5 nSn kidney-fat of wheat 
Deut.32,14 dentoe the flour and 
sugar contained therein (also 

. called n'^ian nirn Ps. 47, 14); ^BO 

. DVQ the wheat of the Ammonite 

\ city Minnith Ez.27,17. 

fc*lEyn pr, n. m. 

*Bn Ch. (8f. Tm) m. sin. 

K^lSn ;Ch. Ktlb for nggn, which 



7^t3n pr. n. m. 

Xfi^On pr. n. m. 

Dan (akin to DCg, DOq; /u«. 1 *. 

D^p.S) to withhold, to restrain; 
cjl'y Is.48,9 Tj'r-Dljns •'O^n^^ and 
for my praise will 1 restrain [my 
anger] for thee. (Stb., with Kinichi, 
takes DDn as den. from DDPI ^nosc' 
and renders it: to restrain one's 
nose, i.e. to withhold one's anger; 
accordingly Dtp?-*? *^ equivalent 
to '•gS ?1^1RK in "the parallelism). 

ffJBPI (=«lDn ; fut. cibK) to snatch, 

to catch Dp^ D^SDrP and snatch 
youJud.21,21;'»iyejtinI? in« he 
lieth in wait to catch the poor 

*lipnm. shoot, twig, rod ^p] Vlgt^ *ljpn 
a shoot out of the stem of Jesse Is. 
11, 1; njNl -l^h a rod of pride 
Pr. 14, 3. ' 

nan Num. 15, 24=n«fi9{J. 

T - "* 

^n 1. c'^^g, c. '•n; pi D-;n, c. \»n; 
/•. n;a, pj. ni'G) o^*. i; living, 

alive ^D D5''5«. "l^yO is your father 
yet alive ? een,43,7; ^rr^ Df{ the 
mother of all the living 3, 20; "''D 
^t^ living is God, 1. e. Qod liveth 
»: ^.27,2; ^;g '•n as 1 am living Num. 
U, 21; ••tin "^n? 183 the well oi 
the living one (God) who seeth 
me Gen. 16, 14; Dj^yn V.9 by 
the living (i. e. by him who 
liveth) for ever Dan. 12,7; D\*n pj|< 
the land of the living £z. 26,20; 




D\^n D^tS^pi^ take (catch) them 
alive 1k!20,18; ^Q B^"»IJ 28.23,20 
Ktib for h^n tr"'^ valiant man; 
f' n;n trgj a living soul.— 2) 
living again, reviving; /i^.H^n ngj 
with the reviving time, 1. e. at 
the same time next year Qen.18, 
10 (Sib.: about this living time).— 
3) live, raw ''0 I^J raw flesh 
Lev.13,14; see also IS.2,15.— 4) 
fresh DVD Djp fresh (I. e. run- 
ning) water Lev.14,15.— "'Q Gen. 
3,22 and 5,5, etc. belongs to ''^n , 
which see. 

'n II. (^ ^p ; c. V,) w. life, health 
ngV Tj^Ilg ^n the life of thy brother 
is with thee Lev. 25,36 (Eng. 
Bible: that thy brother may live 
with thee); "nh IS.25,6 for life! 
(a form of salutation); as an oath: 
rtyiB V, by the life of Pharaoh 
Gen.42,15; Tltf^J ^n by the life of 
thy soul (i. e. by thy life) ISa, 
26; V. ''CI by the life of the Lord 
(i. e. as the Lord liveth) 20,3. 

PI DVD (once ]''\r\ Jb.24,22 ; c. 
VD) D'»;n nn the spirit of life 
Qen.6,17; D^DD YV. tbe tree of life 
2,9; DVD n^ the way of life Ps. 
16,11; "Jjn V.G the life of vanity 
(vain life)* Ec.6,12; oHy V.D the 
life of eternity (everlasting life) 
Dan. 12,2; '•Jip. ^^D ro better is 
my death than my life (it is 
better for me to die than to live) 

^n Ch. {def. KJ3; pi. |"'*n. c. KJID) 

1) adj. alive, living. — 2) m. pL 

]VD life. 

«^n Ch. see .TD. 
T-: ^ • 

^N^n pr. n. w. 

yn see a^n. 


nTn (pi n*\Tn) f, riddle, parable, 

saying (see also l^n) . 
n'^n (pret. 3 8. also ""D ; M- ^ID] , 

^V], ^''D.i; inf. n^n,l^g, ni^ip/ 

1) to live ^l^SD ^D! long live the 
king I IS.10,24; with 'TS : to live 
by njni;) 719T"*7J? by thy sword 
Shalt thou live Gen.27,40.— 2) to 
remain or be preserved alive H^^.PII 
'J.iJW '^VPi and my soul shall live 
(i. e. I shall remain alive) because 
of thee Gen.12,13.— 3) to revive 
^pa: nn ""Dfy and the spirit of 
Jacob revived Gen. 45,27; of a sick 

person: to recover ^^^TO WJ and 

• • • 

he was recovered of his sickness 

Is.38,9; of a dead person: to live 

again, to arise from the dead Dl< 

nwa nji n^C^ if a man die, shall 
• • • • • ▼ 

. ho live again Jb.14,14. 

Pi. n^ll (/W. HiDl ; pt njCP ; imp. 

n.^.D; W^ ^^*D) V to make alive, 
to give life, to keep alive, to 
animate, to quicken iT.Dp nojnn 
Q vV? wisdom giveth life to them 
that have it Ec.7,12; ytlf.Hw!? to 
keep seed alive (to preserve seed) 
Gen.7,3; ^jnin 7\nW tby word 
hath quickened me Ps.l 19,50. — 

2) to make alive, to restore to 
life, to revive njngl D^Dg ^JR I 
kill, and I make alive Deut.32;39, 



14^ ^*U\ they shall revive the corn 
Hos.uis (Eng. Bible: they shall 
revive as the corn); "PR WH 
DV^Un will they revive the stones 

Neh.3,34; n>.!D n^i^ :i'Ji5,S "^P^^ 
revive thy work in the midst of 
years Hab.3,2.— 3) to let live DK 
njp; U?n: if they will let us live, 
we shall' live 2K.7,4. 

Hiph. n;nn {inf. n^na , ^'•133) 

1) to let or preserve alive Num. 
31, 18.— 2; to restore to life iVJ^ 

riBD ng 2 K. 8, 6; fig. nn ni^qo? 

D^^^T^ to revive the spirit of the 
humble Is. 57, 15. 
J^n a. ^n (ifnp. VD) Ch. to live 

Dan. 2, 4. — Aph. NflK {pt. NnC) 
to keep alive Dan. 5, 10. 
n^n adj. (only jji. /. H^'^Q) lively, vig- 
orous n|rj r %y 'p for they are 
lively Ex. 1, 1&; Uashi: expert as 
mid wives, the Targum rendering 
nn?ie (mid wives) H^^^Q. 

n^n (c. nin a in;o, sf. ^^^i pi. 

n^^D) f. 1) living being, animal, 
beast ny^ rPn an evil (wild) 
beast Gen.37,20; n^g. n?D the 
wild beast of the reeds (the 
crocodile, fig. of Egypt) Ps.68,81; 
frequently in a collective sense: 
njDO" '5 every living thing, i. e. 
all animal8Qen.7,U; nn^H rtXT^^ 
all beasts of the field 2,19; "*?5 
nr^-in^.n all beasts of the field 
Ps 50,10; ^irinjn-Sj all the beasts 
of the nations 'Zph.2,14.— 2) life, 
soul Dp;n D^»n3 nlyi though th ir 
soul were yet alive Ez.7,13; fig. 

strength: nwyp TjH; niD thou hast 
found the strength of thine hand 
Is.47,10.— 3) sustenance, food 
H^DI? D^TW i1!n thou suppliest 
the food for the young lions Jb. 
38,39.— 4) band, troop 2S.23,ll5 
Tj'Jin tTBi nffl^ 1W*?« deliver not 
the soul of thy turtle-dove to the 
troop [of enemies] P8.74,19. 

«rn Ch. (c. nrn, def. K^yci) f. 

beast; coM. H^^ WD the beasts of 
the field Dan.2,38. 
nVn /•. life, life-time n^*D n^^D^H 

widowhood of their entire life 

^D all the days of Adam, which 

he lived Qen.5,5; D^ip^wSjKl 

• . • • . 

lest he eat and live for ever 3,22. 

D^^n see ^n II. jH. 

. "• 

7^n {verb) see 7^n. 

^"^n w. pain, pang, trembling np.!I{!p 

njij^^S ^^1? pangs have taken thee 
as a woman in travail Mic.4,9. 
*?\n , ^ ^:n (from ^^n 5; c. hv. , sf, 

'v?^D; pl D^^;q, c. t^n) m. 1) 
valor, strength, power 9jn ^Jj^K 


men of valor, valiant men Jud. 
3,29j likewise h'^jy V.? 2S.2,7; 1^35 
.V] mighty man of power IS.9,1; 
TQ 7WV to display valor, to do 
valiently Num.24,19; \p,i\ n^Kp 
D^^n ^^Oj the fig tree and the vine 
yield their strength Jo.2,22 — 2) 
military force, army, host ij? 
T,nn the captain of the host 2S. 

24,2; nnfi '?''t:itv\^\i^^\.^\^\5.^\^0K 




Ex. 14,28; rf^'^D PJ3 n|n^ and he 
will smite her force In the sea 
Zch.9,4.— 3) ability, virtue, hones- 
ty ^!a ^??^8 men of ability, able 
men Gen.47,6, etc., *?:n n^K a 
woman of virtue, a virtuo is wo- 
man Pr.31,10; *?!T]| an honest 
man IK.1,52.— 4) wealth, riches 


^!D n^r to acquire wealth, to 
get riches Deut.8,17; DIU ^^Q ihe 
wealth of nations Is.61,9; ^S^n y^ 
my wealth is great Jb.31,25; Utri 
D^^n D^inK^ and they leave their 
wealth to others P8.49,ll. 

^^^n Ch. i8f. rh)U) m. 1) valor, strength, 

power, force ?jn ^^|l| mighty men 

of power Dan.3,20; 'Jjnj sp^ he 

• • • 

cried with force, i. e. aloud 3,4.— 
2) army, host K^B?^ ^^n the army 
of heaven 4,32. 

^^n rn, 1) army, host (=S;p) ^'•n? 
135 "^^^"^ * great host 2K.18,17; 
Is.36,2.— 2) fortification, rampart, 
wall np^rri '^^n the rampart and 
the wall Lam.2.8; D!. ^T^n-lffg 
whose rampart was the sea Nah. 
3,8; Tlh\n? Di^C^ '•n^ peace be within 
thy wan5» Ps.122,7. See *:n and 

t9'»nc=*?^0) f' pain Jb.6,10 (seenSc). 

T • 

n^'^n f- fortification, fort Ps.48,14. 

D^^n pr. n. a city in Syria 2S. 10, 

16 = DK^rj, which see. 
]yn pr. n. a city In Judah lChr.6,^3. 

]'»nm. grace, comeliness ^^^^ pn the 

pn m. partition-wall, wall Ez.13,10. 

]1S'n (from pn ; /". nyv^ll) a<0'. outer, 
outward )1V^nn trij^QH the out- 
ward sanctuary £z44,l: H^M^? 
njiVW the outward business (i. e. 
civil business, opposite to sacred) 
Neh.ll,16;pV^f?SlK.6,29 a. njiV^H 
2E.16,18 withuut, outside. 

p^n , pn (from pin) m. i^ bosom, 
lap Num.11,12; hence of a spouse: 
?Ii;."*n ^ffK the wife of thy bosom 
Deut 13*7 or Tlg^D n5.?i2^ she that 
lieth in thy bosom Mic.7,5; p30 
pn Pr.5,20 to embrace the bosom 
of a woman, i. e. to love her; u7^ 
P^n-S? Jer.32,18 or p^n-*?B :i^5^n 
Ps.79,12 to requite, to recompense 
(prop, to repay or restore into 
one's bosom); aitfn ^-J^n-^g ^in^W 
my prayer returnelh into mine 
own bosom (i. e. comcth from the 
heart P8.35,13.— 2) bosom of a 
garment Ex.4,6, etc. T^, h^\' p^flj 
7'JUn the lot is cast into the 
bosom Pr.16,33; p''n3 infe^ a pres- 
ent in the bosom, i. e. given 
secretly Pr. 21,14.— 3) hullow, 
cavity Ez 43,13 a. 14; 3^5? p^n 
the hollow or frame of the chariot 
IK.22,35 (Eng. Bible: midst of the 

rn^T] pr. n. m. 

T • 

Diri a. Dyn see Dn^H. 

Er'^n {verb) same as tT^n , which see 

B^^n €ulv. hastily, soon t!^^n TJ"^J 

, ,m.B.»vo,^u«i«x* - ir, I V -" njyjl for it is soon cut ofl*, aiu; 
irrace of his proportion Jb.41.4. ^^-^^^ ^^^^ P^^ j^ 


•Jjn (from n^n ; sf, ^90 , ?I9I1 , DJII 
etc.) *n. palate, moulh DJ?9J ?|ni 
^'^.^.^ &s the palate tasteth food 
Jb.34,3; fig. nlH ]''?;-l<S ^?n-DK 
cannot my palate understand (i. e. 
taste) perverse things ? 6,30j nDK 
^jn nXT my mouth shall speak 
truth Pr.8,7 etc.; sf, ^^DH ]^:5 TJSn 
thy palate is like the hest wine 

nJSn (ace. Stb. akin to TJjn, prop. 

to fix one's attention on some- 
thing) to hope, to wail; in Kdl 
only pt. ^ ^3^n they that wait 
for him Is 30,18. 

Ti nsn (/w. nso; ; pt n^np: to 

• • • • • 

wait, to tarry, to hope, to expect 
1i:>3 niK-ns 1:^5/15 if we tarry 
till ihe morning 'light 2K.7,9; 
with h : to wait for nnSfl UtfpJ 
115 our soul waitcth for the Lord 
Ps.33,20; with cuxua.: to wait upon 

Dn^l? i^^^'^i? njn ntg; and 
Elihu waited upon Job wit h words 
(i. e. he had waited till Job had 
spoken) Jb.32,4; D^.H^ tf^K '•jrij 
as troops lof robbers] lie in wait 
for a man Ho8.6,9 (ace. Ges. ^3n 
is inf, in the Chald. manner). 

nSn (from M^m f, hook, angle (for 

T- ^ 

n7^J3n pr. n. a hill near the desert 

of Ziph. 
D^3n Ch. m. adj. a. n. wise, wise 

man Dan.2,21; magician v. 12. 
"Tin to lay hold of, to hang by, 

whence TJQ a- Hpn. 


- T 

^^n (=^D?) to be dark or of a 
dark red. 

Ty7^T\pr. n. the father of Nehemiah. 
t: - -: 

^vJSn {redu^. from 73(1) adj. red, 

dark-red; c. ]VD D^rS ^'?''^5n with 
eyes red from wine Gen. 49, 12 
(Gcs. : his eyes darkly flashing 
fiom wine). 

WT^I^n /•. redness DU"?. H^^^^JD 
redness of eyes Pr.23,29. 

D^n (/•«<. nsa^ ; imp. D3n , " D?n) 
to be or become wise ?]|S DiQ DK 
if thine heart be wise Pr.23,15; 
n^p n!J5!J ^? though she be very 

wise Zch.9,2; DSm D^p^DTiS "^j"^ 

• • ♦ • • • 

he that walketh with wise men 

shall be wise Pr.13,20; H^jnT HfiT 

• • • • « 

DJD] consider her ways and be 
wise 6,6; with cuxua, ^flSoyj^ ^^Dg 

'•riDjruJI the toil wherein I have 
• • • • 

toiled and wherein 1 shave shown 
myself wise Ec.2,19. 

Pi. D^n {fut, DSD^) to make wise, 
to teach wisdom DJgB^H ^yt^\ 
^^6?G? and maketh us wiser than 
the fowls of heaven Jb. 35,11, 

DJ?D^, ^Vi?- ^"^^ *® teach his an- 
cients wisdom Ps. 105,2. 

Pu. D50 {pt- 050?) lo be cun- 
ning, clever Djnp D^JQ IJin 
a cunning charmer Ps.58,6; HDni 
D^P|ri9 D^Djn but they are ex- 
ceedingly cunning Pr.30,24. 

Hiph. D^?nn {pt D'»5nB) to make 

• • • 

wise; pt. f. %*18 n5'^?n8 making 
wise the simple Ps 19,8. 
Hithp, DSQijr! to think. Qv\ft"9»^M 

T T 



wise, to make oneself wise 7K 
"IjH^^ DJ.OO^ make not thyself 
over wise Ec.7,16j with *? : to out- 
wit, to outdo iv HDSnr)^ let us 
outdo him Ex.1, 10 (Eng. Bible: 
let us act wisely with him). 

■iOn (c. DDD; Pi. D'»t?;q, c. ^B?n; 

y HDja , c. riDDn ; |)Z. D^DSn , c. 
• • • • ▼ • 

niDSG) 1) adj. wise,. intelligent, 

experienced, skilled )^<nj1 DJH'Dg 

a wise and understanding people 

Deut.4,6; ^S'DDn the wise hearted 

Ex.28,3; HDN^p'^J? D^n skilled 

in every work lChr.22,U; T\fH 

HD^n a wise woman 28.20,16.— 

2) m. wise man, skilful man 1\2^n 

D^P?n"n« he that walketh with 

wise men Pr.l3,20j V^jq ^^ ^"IP^^^J 

then said the wise men unto him 

Est.6,13; D''D3nn??yiD the work 

• • • 

of skilful men (i. e. skilled arti- 
sans) Jer.10,9; D^Djn 9,16 women 
skilled in mourning for the dead.— 
ri'Dja Pr.U,l is taken for an 
abstract noun: wisdom. 

n^an ch. {pi ]^p^?n, def. kjs^so, 

c. ^tJ^SG) m. wise man, magician. 

noan (c. nojn ; pi niD?n) f. wis- 

T : T • • • • 

dom, intelligence, knowledge, ex- 
perience np;n wn^^ ^''i^ i'l the 

multitude of years should teach 

wisdom Jb.32,7; 7^6hv flDOn the 

• • • 

wisdom of Solomon IK.5,14; ^p 
rfDOn 151^ my mouth shall speak 
Jirisdom Ps.49,4.— nto?n Pr.9,1 
is taken by Ges. and Fuerst as a 

noan Ch. {def. K^wg , c. nopg) f 

• • • 

''JlDI^n pr. n. m. lChr.11,11. 
niD^^n f- wisdom Pr.14,1. 
nlDI^n /•. wisdom Pr.9,1 (see HOSp). 

7n w. outer fortification, bulwark, 
wall, rumpart (= '\n 2, which see). 

7n w. something profane, unholy, 
common Vnn ]^3^ B^-jpn ]^3 ^^'7^?^ 
that you may distinguish between 
the holy and the unholy Lev. 10, 
10; 7n Unh common bread IS.21,5. 

iihn 1) to rust, hence nwSri . — 2) 

• • • 

to wear away, hence: to be sick 


TM^bn f. 1) rust.— 2) pr. n. f. 

T : V 

D'K^n see '*?□. 

DK*?n same as D^^I?; occurs only 

wVh n Zoc.; niJKSp (Kri Hp^^D) 2S. 

3^n to be fat (Stb.: to be sticky, 

Juicy), hence D^n a. dSp] . 

D^n (c. 3i:n , 9f. ^^^n) m. mllk Gen. 
18,8; with B^31: /?^. o^ superabun- 
dance ir^T ii?? n5t ^"3?. a land 
flowing with milk and honey (i. e. 
a land where everything is in 
superabundance) Ex.3,8. h) sweet' 
ness, mildness nnn Drnj B^J*^ 
Tjj;c^7 honey and milk are under 
thy tongue Cant.i,ll. 

:bn {Bf.Szhri, D2^na.i)ocf.iD2^n; 

Vl- B''5';n, c. 'i:G) »». J; fat Lev 
3,16; fig. the best, the best part. 




the marrow Y^^^ ^^Cl t**® marrow 
of the land (i. e. the best fruits) 
Gen.45,18,' HEn ^^11 the marrow 
of wheat P8.81,17 ' or ni^^5 ^^n 
neri the fat of the kidneys of 
wheat Deut.32,U (1. e. the du- 
tritlouB substances of wheat). — 
2) pr. n. m. 28.23,29, for which 

n!?n lChr.11,30 a. n^G 27,15. 

, • • • • 

y^n w. fat (=a!?n) Is.34,6. 

V|V •• 

n^l^n pr. n. a city in Asher. 

]l3/n pr. n. a Syrian city, famous 
for its wine Ez.27,18. 

rU3!?n (from aSn) f. galbanum (a 

• • • * 

strong-smelling gum of Syria) 

n'jn to dig through, to root up, to 

ibtl , ^ ntn m. 1) the world D^/JOP 
■'SDP. from men of the world Ps. 
17,Uj n^n ^51?^ inhabitants of the 
world 49,2.— 2) earthly existence, 
age, lifetime ihn Dip; D^nVlp 
brighter than noonday will thy 
earthly existence arise Jb. 11,17; 

VAi r.«? 'ilO n^i°« *«« (lifetime) 
is as nothing before thee Ps.39,6; 
nSrj'rHJ V8"*^?l remember how 
short my lifetime is 89,48 (Stb.t 
how perishable! am). See Jb. 11,17. 
*j7n »». mole (others: weasel). 

V I 

l9n pr.n. m. IChr. 11,30 = '♦l^n27, 

15; see also 37Q 2. 
m^n pr- n. a prophetess 2K.22,14. 

• • • 

^*^n pr. n. 1) a person mentioned in 

lChr.27,15 =n^p 11,30.— 2) sl 
person mentioned in Zch.6, 10 


D7n V. 14. 

n^n 1. (M. n.^r]?,, op. "jo;; j»«. 

n^'n , /■. n^'n ; mf. n'hU) to be sick 

• • • 

or diseased, to fall sick, to bo 
sore, to be grieved ^^^n"n8 Tlhn 
he was fallen sick of his sickness 
2K.13,14; V^JrnS H^n he was 
diseased in his foet IK. 15,23; 
^O'^'rn'^i ^i^Sn they have stricken 
me, and I was not sick Pr.23,35; 
\^rrHh\ Dp« 5'»?n thou hast strick- 
en them, but they have not 
grieved Jer.5,3j Sn*l.M..TTn|} VsM 
and Ahaziah fell... and was sick 
2K.1,2; with hv: to be sorry for 
^^^ D5P nJ;n-]^K there is none of 
you that is sorry for me IS.22,8: 
n^in nr^ Ec.5,12 ace Fuerst: in- 
curable evil (Eng. Bible: sore 
evil); n^riS nMn Cant.2,5 sick 
with love, love-sick. 

Niph. nSm {Spi ^hns) i) to be. 

• • • • • • 

come sick, to be grieved, to be 
pained ''OJ'.^n.J I was sick Dan.8, 
27; with ^y :' to be grieved for vh 
e]Bi^ lag^-Sj? \^i thoy are not 
grieved (sorry) for the affliction 
of Joseph Am.6,6; 1^'^V^^ «^ ^'^W 
they have put themselves to pain, 
but shall not profit Jer.12,13; pt 
f, riTHj fatal, grievous ^^ID nTflJ 
my wound is fatal Jer.10,19; H^D 
HKD nSnj a very grievous blow 

Fi. rhr:^ {fut. n^np to make ill 
or sick; with .Ma*D''KlSQQ to U^ 

T T 



- T 

sickness upon Deut.29,2L— ^0^70 
p8.77,ll verb. n. sf. ace. some: my 
nines, infirmity; others: my en- 
treaty (from n^n II.). 

Pu. n^n to become weak or sick 
5\?n i^pB 03 art thou also be- 
noma weak? Is. 14, 10. 

Hiph. vhm (!>«. /•. n*;ne) to 

make sick, to put to grief ^0''l2.^'3 
7]0^3n 1 have made thee sick in 
smiting thee Mic.6,13i Dn.^ ^Snn 
r*IJ flDCl they made the princes 
sick with the glow of wine Hos. 
7,5 (Ges. a. Fuerst take 'hvn in 

• • • 

an intransitive sense: they shew 
sickness, they make themselves 
sick); ^'Jlin Is.53,10 for nSnn (or 
for H'^^.p^'from K^n) he hath put 
him to 'grief; pt f. n}|^l?p nj?nh 
^. •"'^nS hope deferred maketh 
the heart sick Pr.13,12. 

HopK n^nn to become sick 
Wjnn 1 have become sick 2Chr. 
35,23 (Eng. Bible: I am wounded). 

Hithp. n^non {fut, ap. Sno!; 
imp. ap. /nnrij inf. rivnnrj) to 

make oneself sick, to feign one- 
self sick 2S.13,2. 

nhtl II. to stroke, to Oatter {Kcd 

not used).- Pi. n^Il (fut. n^n^ , 
ap. hn) ; imp. ap. hn ; inf. Pr^U) to 
beseech, to implore, to pray, to 
entreat (always with DV^) ^0!J 

r* ""J? ^9 ^^^ ^"^ Moses besought 
the Lord Ex.32, 11; '•T?^?. \hn] 1\)i^ 
D^ the rich among the people 
shall entreat thy favor Ps.45,13j 
m'b, n. sf. H^n ^jyhri this is my 

entreaty Ps.77,11 (see also Pt. of 

n^n I.). 

T]^n (c. n^n ; pi rhU) f. cake. 

T — 

ai^n ipl nidSci) m. dream 0^^70.3 

•1^^.?? in a dream by night Gen. 
20,3; e]^y; Di^TQI he shall fly away 
as a dream Jb.20,8; niDSpn hvi 
the dreamer Gen.37,19. 
jl^nifromS^ni.; pi. DV^^^na.rfr^r], 

c. \y^yU) com, hole, window 15?? 
yhnn through the window Gen. 
26,8; '•Ji^D "^^ P3i; he cutteth him 
out windows Jer.22,U C^hn is 
regarded as a plural; ace. Fuerst 
one manuscript reads Vr^ri) . 

]*i7n pr. n. 1) a city in Moab Jer. 
48.21, perhaps same as ]i"in--" 
2) a Levitic city in Judah Josh. 

15,21 =i^;n. 

t]1*pn m. passing away, departure,; 

decease fjivQ ^y^ children of de-. 
cease, i. e. mortals Pr.31,8 (Eng. 
Bible; such as are appointed to 

T[Z^^1!^^ (from B^^ll) f. overcoming, 

defeat n^^h^ mV, Hp the outcry 
of defeat Ex.32, 18. 
n^n pr. n. an Assyrian province 

to which the ten tribes were car« 
ried by Shalmaneser (prob. Cala- 
chene on the borders of Armenia). 
7^n7n pr. n. a place in Judah. 


n^HpH [redupl. from h'\n)f. trembling, 

terror, pain, 
to'^n only ITip/t. to ascertain: ^D/HiJ 

- T • • 

^^89lI and they "ascertained vvheth- 

er it was from him IK. 20, 33 

Ots^niifor ^D^i^nji, as ip?nri IS. 

14,22 for ^p\?VJ). 
^htl {pi D'^wirn) w. l) ornament, 

trinket. — 2) pr, n. a city in 

"htl (^ ^^n , 8f. i^^n ; pi n>:^n , af. 

• • • 

^i.r.iXJ) w. 1) sickness, illness 
Deut.7,15; Is.l,5.~ 2) grief, afflic- 
tion Is.55,3 a. 4.— I^^n Ec.5,16 

iT^n /*. ornament Hos.2,15 (=^!?n). 
t: V 

h^^n (from ^iin I.; pi D\^bn) prop. 

something hollowed or perforated, 
hence: pipe, flute ^vp^ ^ the 
tabret and pipe Is5,12J D^^^HD 
D^bbnJ they piped with pipes IK. 
1,40. ' 

HT^n (from T^n 11.) interj. profane 

be Ml far be it. God forbid! IS. 
14,45; 20,2; usually with h of the 
person and with D before inf. or 
noun following: TiB^SB ^^ •"'^^^Q 
nKT God forbid that l' should do 
this thing Gen.44,7; h^h nS^g 
PE^^O far be it from God, that 
he should do wickedness Jb.34,10; 
also with D of the person by whom 
something Is forbidden: H^^jn 
n^(r nitS^gD ^rlSsB \^ my God for- 
bid it me (literally: it is forbid- 
den to me by my God), that I 
should do this thing, 19; 

1>3 inpS ijsjp ^:^ nS^t'n far be it 

from us (literally: it is forbidden 
to us by him), that we should 
robel against the Lord Jos.22,29j 




with OK and fut. it expresses ,a 
solemn promise n to do a thing: 

n^n\?H otf] pks DN ••^ nS^^g far 

be it from me, that I should 
swallow or destroy 2S.20,20. 

ns^'bn ipi. nifi^bn, nt'^u) f. i) 

X • — • • • 

change ^dS rifi^^n TS they have 
no changes Ps.55,20 (Stb.: there 
are no changes in them for the 
better).— 2) alternation, relief; 

all the days of my war-service 
will I wait till my relief come 
Jb.l4,14;'»l?VK53f5nlB^^q hosts al- 
ternately relievingono another are 
against me 10,17 (Stb.: alternate 
hosts of misfortunes are against 
me).— 5) change of garments, 
suit of clothes Dn^ rffil^^n. i!?y 
ten changes (i. e. suits) of gar- 
ments Jud. 14, 12; also without 
Cn^a V. 19.— 4) adv. by courses, 
alternately IK.5,25. 

rrS'hn, nySn (pi rfV^^n) a armor 
(others: spoil). 

\)T\ to be dark; fig. to be wretched. 
nJ5*?n, ^ nprin adj. poor wretched, 

unfortunate Ps.10,8; pi C^^jbC 
V. 10 (Kri D^pj '-n host of tk 

^y^ I. to be pierced, perforated; 

fig, wounded ^JIiJ? ^j2 ^?^ my 
heart is wounded within me Ps 

Po. 7{?1n to pierce, to wound, 
pi. f. ]^4Q n^^npwho hath wounded 
the dragon (i. e. Egypt) Is.&l,9. 




Pi. 77,0 1) to pierce, to wound 
i2inP ^1? in the hand of him 

* • • • a 

that woundeth (Eng. Bible: slay- 
eth) thee Ez.28,9.— 2) to play on 
a pipe or ttute D^S^nD Drni 
D i^D3 and the people played 
on the flutes IK.1,40, 

Hiph. to sorrow, to grieve 1^n*J 
D'l?^ 1^5 ><te9 Oyp they shaU 
sorrow a little through the burden 
i the king of princes Hos.8,10. 
Pu. 72in to be pierced, wound- 
lid, slainj pt, p. SSinp wounded 
Is.50,5 and S^qiJ, pi c. ^hjm'O 
pierced (or slain) Ez.32,26. 

^^n II. Niph, ^n; (fut, ^n;., ^ hrv,, 

2 7p{J; inf, THH) to profane, to 
defile .n^ ^5 ^^li<9 my sanctuary, 
when it was profaned Ez.25,3; 
D^in^ THKI and 1 was profaned 
among them 22,26j hnr\ ^^3^5^ 
or^n v;8^ that it should not' be 


defiled before tho nations 20,9; 
inf. with 8f. y^nrn to profane 
himself Lev.21,4. 

Pi- ^Sn ifut h^n: • pt. S!?n9 ; 

inf. h^JD , 8f ^h^U) to profane, to 
defile, to violate, to break *?^n 
^n^'IJ he hath broken his cove- 
nant' Ps.55,2i; 5*:^n ^on^p thou 
bast violated my sabbaths Kz.22,8; 
"y^V; ri^^n ?tf then deflledst thou 
my couch Gen. 49, 4; Tlijyp; ^^?I11 
they shall defile thy brightness 
Bz. 28,7; D^^ 9?n to begin to use 
a vineyard (after the three years 
of its consecration) Deut. 20, 6. 
Siph, ?ni1 to break, to profane; 

fut. injl 9ni «^' he shall not break 
his word Num 30,3; "nx 9pB"«9 
^?^7i^ ^^ 1 shall not let them 
profane my holy name £z. 39,7. 

9?n HI. Hiph. ^nn (i ^o^nn, Sjpi. 
^^PD; /•ttt.Sn;, A ^r?n; m/-. *7nn^ 

«/". D^nn) to begin n^HJ ^^^QH Vyg 
his eyes began [to grow] dim 

1 s. 3, 2; 9n« njn Di»n this 

day will I begin Deut. 2, 5; 
npnen B^^K n: ^Oll and Noah 
began [to be] an husbandman 
Gen. 9, 20; r\^i\ h^T} beginning 

and finishing ( i. e. from be- 
ginning to end) IS. 3, 12; imp. ^H? 
t5^n begin to possess Deut.2,24. 

Hoph. Snn to be begun hn^n Tg 
l\ Djrj K-ijpS then it was begun 
(i. e. men began) to call upon 
the name of the Lord Gen.4,26. 

^^n (c. S^n ; pi D^^Sn , c. ^^hu) 

T T • • • . 

adj, a. n. 1) pierced, wounded, 
slain ^!?n KV.$r? if one be found 
slain Deut 21,1; ^lD"^!?n one that 
is slain with a sword Num.19,16; 
^V*} \^?0 those slain by hunger 
Lam.4,9. — 2) profane, polluted 
9fJ5?^> H<^i yf-^ «?5p profane 
wicked prince of Israel Ez 21,30; 
/"• '^%i^ a profane woman, a pros- 
titute Lev 21,14. 

thn (fut. D^n: ; pt. dSH) l) to be 
strong D.TA5 ^D*?rn their children 

• • • • 

becmoe strong Jb.39,4.— 2) to 
dream D^*5n ^np5P I have dreamed 
a dream Gen.37,9. 

Hiph. D-'^priD ifut- d^?d:) 1) to 

make sound or strong, to recover 



*JViE!l '^JR^^nOl so thou wilt re- 
cover roe, and make me to live 
18.38,16.— 2) to cause to dream; 
pt. pi. D^p^ngj DQS ye cause to 
be dreamed Jer.29,8 (ace. Stb. in 

the Chaldaic manner forD^p^^QS). 


d^n pr, n. m. Zch.6,14 =^l?rj v. 10. 

V I" • * 

n^n Ch. {def. K^'tP , sf. >tj?p ; pi. 

r9?D) w*- dream. 
r^2*lJn A yolk (comp. Talm. ]^D^I1) 

n^D|n n^T the slime of a yolk, 
i. e. the >vhite of an egg Jb.6,6. 

tS^^D'pn m. hard stone, flint l^yp 

• T- 

B^^p^nn out of the rock of flint 
Deut.8,15; c. I^V fiS^^p^D flinty rock 

pn pr. n. m. 

^^n ifut. efSo!) i; to pass ^elzQ] 

Hf^bv^^D^P thou Shalt pass on 
forward from there IS. 10,3; fig. 
pn IS7Q they have transgressed 
the ordinance Is.24,5; with accua, 
and D: to pass through n^^pi 
^Hip and she had passed (i. e. 
pierced) through his temples Jud. 

5,26; n^^n; n??n ^nfiSng the bow 

* . • • • « 

of copper shall pass (pierce) him 
through Jb.20,24; Hl^H''? fj^m and 
he shall pass through Judah Is 
8,8; of the rain: to be over Dt^^H 
^^ ^2^ *l-n the rain is over and 
gone Cant.2,11.— 2) to vanish, 
to disappear «19Q1 9^?| D'»^^'?gtn] 
and the idols shall utterly dis- 
appear (Eng Bible: he will utter- 
ly abolish).— 3) to change *1(5]33 

*1^C!1 "l^yrjS in the morning [they 
grow]like the grass whichchangeth 

Ps.90,5; DB^Ki S^sn nn H^n rtf 

then shall his spirit change and 
he shall pass over and offend 
Hab.1,11 (Ges.*. then his spirit be- 
comes proud and he transgresses 
and is guilty). 

JPi. ^^.0 (fut. f\hnyi to change 
(garments) Gen.41,14. 

Hipk. e]^^Dn ifut. e]^!?D: , ^1^ 

1) to change, to change into, to 

substitute DS'^n'^pB^ ^S'^^TDD? and 
• . . . 

change your garments Oen.35,2; 

and he changed my wages ten 
times; Gen.31,7;D^n8I ^15 n'CD^ 

I T . T. 

I^/W sycamores are cut down, 
but we will change them into 
cedars Is.9,9.- 2) to renew D^pfcJ^^ 
D3 ^S vP- anJ let the people re- 
new their strength Is.41,1; fig, of 
the bow: fJ^^QQ ^T? ^iJC^jS. and my 
bow is renewed in my hand Jb. 
29,20.— 3) to sprout I^P] n^\ U^ 
^•^^Q!. if it be cut down, it will 
sprout again Jb.14,7. 

<]^n Ch. ifut pi l^B^ni) to change, 

to pass (of time) Dan. 4,1 3. 

fpT] prop, exchange, hence: prep. 

for Dn^ig t]^n for their service 

^^n pr. n. a city in Naphtali. 


yjn I. (fid. fhu: ; pt. p. y^^^) v to 

loose, to put off, to draw outTjSgil 
^^^5 ^J?P r^np and put off thy 
shoe from thy foot Is.20,2; ]^JS DJ 




ng^ \V?n even the Jackals draw 
out the brea&t Lam. 4, 3: il^J 

*?J?i5 r^^n the house of him that 
hath his shoe loosed Deut.25,10.— 
2) inir. to withdraw DHB {^Sg he 
hath withdrawn himself from them 

Niph. Ybm ifuL r!?p;.) to be 

loosed, to be drawn out, to be 
delivered {^^.qj nnyij p^Tt the 
righteous is delivered out ot 
trouble Pr.11,8; Tjnn; pv^m ]5?^)ij 
that thy beloved may be delivered 

P*. r.^n {fut, (^^np i; to draw 
out, to take away D'^J^RH nw ^V^n5 
they shall draw out (take away) 
the stones Lev.U,10. — 2) to de- 
liver nisp ''vp; nv^n thou hast 
delivered my soul from death Ps. 

116,8; imp. TM ^V^O deliver my 

• • • 

soul 6,6.— 3) to rob, to take from 
Dp'l ^Tl^V nV^Diy if 1 have taken 
aught from my enemy without 
cause Ps.7,5 (Eng. Bible: yea, 1 
have delivered him that without 
cause is mine enemy). 

^hn II. {fut, Y^r\^ \ pt i>. Y^^Q) to 

equip, to arm, to make ready for 
battle K^V Y\^r\ man armed for 
war Num.32,27j phQ principally 
signifies the front warriors, the 
vanguard Drj'J?^ M^^H Y^^Q\) the 
vanguard went before them Jos. 
6,13 (opposite ^R89 rear-guard), 

Ntph. Y':n?. iM.' f^:n;.) to be 

• • • • I 

equipped, to arm oneself ^vpH 
H^\^ DTJ8 Da**?^*5 arm some of 


yourselves unto the war Num 

Hiph YiW ^0 make strong, 
vigorous Y'^iui TO^Cy? ho will 
make thy bones vigorous (Eng. 
Bible: fat) Is.58,11. 

*^n f' only du. D^.Jt'jQ loins (prop, 
strength, vigor; see Y^n II.) HTJID} 
D^.^'jD *?J? and gird Isackclothl 
upon the loins Is.32,11; fig h.'^K 
TJ^X^n gird up... thy loins (i. e. 
prepare thyself for the encoun- 
ter) Jb.38,3; ^S^:. ?I^^^nt3 D>?^l?l 
and kings shall come out of thy 
loins (i. e. be begotten by thee) 
35,11; T|^s!jnP n'D Tl^? thy son 
that shall come forth out of thy 
loins (i. e. that shall be begotten 
by thee) IK.8,19. 

^n pr, n. m. lChr41,27 ={^^in 2S. 

J^^n pr. n. w. lChr.2,39, but in 2S. 

23,26 for rv,n ^ 
n'-ibn see Y^^ . 

•I-T-: ^^ 

pbn I. {fut. phqi, 3 1)1. p^ni) i; to 

divide, to part H??"^? V)^-^ 
and they divided the land J(»s. 
H,5; ^P^ni "l^n: they shall part 
alike 18.30,24; 'ny^H ^S?^ \phn 
divide the spoil of your enemies 
Jos.22,8; with Dy: to divide with, to 
be partner with 33J"Dy pl?1n whoso 
is partner with a thief Pr.29,24; 
with h : to divide out, to impart 
nr^a n^ p^n nh] nor hath he 
Imparted to her understanding 
Jb.39,17; tr, to be divided pip 




&|^ their heart Is divided Hos. 
'^^?. (Fuerst a Stb.: their heart 
is hypocritical; see pjjn II.).— 
2) to distributft p'llj I^^K DJI^O 
Ji n^a *?8 n\^3 the I^evltes, whom 
David had distributed in the 
house of the Lord 2Chr.23,l8. 

Niph. p^ni (/«*. phpi) to be 
divided, to' be parted pSgrj H^K^ 
f^{!tn unto these the land shall 
be dWided Num. 26, 53; p?.n\ Tg 

"^VD^ '^K'J*?! D}?? then were the 
people of Israel divided into two 
parts IK 16,21; p^n". TJ^'TD n^JJ 
liK by what way is the light 
parted Jb.38,24; with %\ to at- 
tack one with divided forces 
n*7''5 Dn\*?g p5n\"L and he divided 

• • • • • 

himself (i. e. his forces) against 
them by night Gen. 14,1 5.— Dp.^n»l 
lChr.23.6 a. 24,3 ace. Stb. =Pi. 

/w. D[:J?n;i. 

i^'. p5n (/W. p^np i; to divide 
9Jg^ p§ns I will divide the spoil 
£x.l5,9; with 9 : to divide among, 
to distribute, to assign a portion 

vided(distrlbuted) the land among 
them 1K.16,6; D^51J ^'J-p.^DKI will 
assign him a portion among the 
great Is.53,12; IJ^S DH^ n^,l?n iT 
his hand hath divided (distributed) 
it among them by line 34,17.— 
2) to disperse Dy;981 ip'^^ DiTlnR 
9g-t??^3 I will disperse them' In 
Jacob and scatter them In Israel 
IV p^n (fvi. p|np to be ''iviied 


SJ?B^S p^ll TJit then is the prey 
of a spoil divided l8.33,23i TIO^ir<l 
p|n;i S^^5 and thy land shall be 
divided by line Am.7,17. 

Wiph, to obtain one's share; 
only mf. D^l? (p^^nn^=) P^^D^ 
to obtain his share thence Jer.37f 
12 (Eng. Bible: to separate him- 
self thence; others: to slip away^ 
from p5p II.). 

Hithp. p.^nnn to divide among 
themselves nritr*? npiK ^pfDOn] 
D^P^n and they shall divide it 
among themselves into seven 
parts Jo8.18,5. 

p^n II. to be smooth fliKDqO ^p^p 
V| the words of hie mouth were 
smoother than butter Ps 55,22; 
fig. to be flattering, hypocritical 
D^S pSp Hos.10,2 (but see int'^r- 
pretation of this passage under 
P^P I.). 

P^'rnO) 1) to make smooth p^^qS 
tr^^g he that smootheth with the 
hammer 18.47,7; fig, to be smooth 
with the tongue, to flatter p'^'TDC 
]itrS he that flattereth with the 
tongue Pr.28,23; np;tnri .TlDg 
who flattereth with her words 2, 
16; with*?K: vyy? V^K p^^jllj 
he flattered him in his eyes Ps. 
36,3; with Sg: IISI hv p^Vf^ ^3| 
a man that flattereth his neighbor 
Pr.29,5,— 2) ace. some: to pass 
smoothly, to slip away D^tJ p^Q^ 
to slip away thence Jer.37,12 (aet 
also Eipih of p^p L). 



5^ ^j. // urn /Ac. baW, l*/« 
^^ % *«*.//.«* <L *r. }b!s\r\*^Vi) man 


■r^ ;fc« tar^iLe. 

m, Ij part, portion, «hare, lot 

B*fV*?7 P^"^ ^^* portion of the 
m/?fi 0^'n, 14,24; p^rj? pvH portion 
UN portion* 1. ts. llko parts Deut. 

partM Jon. 1^5; of oh^^'n part in a 
conv«r«ailon: ^[J^jg ^;« «18 n^»H 
1 will anNwor alNo my part, i. e. 
httv<i my Nay Jb,32,17; with :i : 
NomnthlnK to rJo with p)u ^^^ TB 
1]^^ wo havft no ))art in David, 
i* 0. wn havo nothing to do with 
him 2S.20,l; poet, ipj?! p^O the 
portion of Jacob, 1. e. Jehovah 
Jor.lO,lO a. njnj p^n the portion 
of Joliovah, i. u. the Dooplo of 
iMrnol l)mit.M2,tt; a^S(|^p;n Jb.31,2 
lilt appointed of Qod.— JH) portion 
of liuid, Hold 2K.0, 10, 36 a. 37 
( 'Hi^'j^pr, ;>(W. land CU8 opposite 
to tht» mH\) Ani.7,4.— *H) emooth- 
nof^N, tltuiory JJ^T^fy p^D? wlih 
tho tlntlory of hor lips i>r.7,21; 

D'V!\ ^^il r^f}^ ^^^' ^h»t spoakoth 
(UUory li» hlH frlouds Jb. 17,5. 

p^H w, pr\>p. smooth stone, hence: 
au Idol formed of smooth stone; 
only |4. i\ Dn DH liT.^O ^W 'u^? 

T^T^^ wiifl ifi* SBCi>:4h stones {L c. 
!*:'>!•» of iiM- Tal>T U ihj portion; 
tL*-;-. tfa'-y are thy lot Islo7,6. 

• • 

C*I2K 6mx:h stones (prc*p. the 

emfyjih ones of stones) lS.i7.40. 
pTH CIl (*/■- "JL!^D w- portion, lot 

rrp^n (c. r^n) /l IJ portion, piece 

(of land) R.2,3.— 2) the smooth, 
smoothness THOT r-D^Tj the smooth 
of his neck Gen.27,16.-- 3) flat- 
tery ]*r*;npj:n the flattery of 
the tongue Pr.6,24.— 4) bareness 
(of rocks), hence: pr.n. D^^V^ npfr^ 
a place in Gibeon 2S.2,iek 

np^n , Hj^Sn f- smooth thing, flat- 

tery; on!y|?l. nipTQ , rfp^Ci smooth 
things Is.30,10; n^^n ^Qpp flat- 
taring lips Ps. 12,4 (see also under 

and such as do wickedly against 
the covenant shall he corrupt by 
flatteries Dan.11,32. 

np/H /■. partition, division. 

It; -: 

^P^n |W. n. m. 
I-: V 

njp?" ' ^^Vi?^*:^ P^' w- ^^ *>igli priest 
at the time of Josiah 2K.22,8.— 
2) father of the prophet Jere- 
miah.— 3) name of other persons. 

n1p2p^D (^^^»*i>^- from p^n) 1) slip- 
p ry places Ps.35,6; Jer.23,12.— 
2) nattering speech, flattery Dan. 
11.21 a. 34. 

TO^n, A-4 n P**. »•. Leviiical city 

It; V • ^ 

in Asher Jos.19,25; 21,31 ==i5pT7 




lChr.6,60, with n loe. nafen Jos. 

HI I \ 

ty^n i) fut, intr. to be weak, power- 
less tr|:nil n^D; 15:5 but man dicth 
and becometh powerless Jb.14,10 
(Eng. Bible: and wasteth away).— 
2) fut. tr. to weaken, to discom- 
fit, to conquer "ng re^in'» irSnM 
p!!D2and Joshua discomfited Ama- 
ek Ex.1 7,1 3j pt ^^h conqueror, 
/uler Is.U,12. 

VvH adj. weak, feeble. 

on I. (from HDn Jf.; »/*. TJ^pg, .TpH) 

DH II. arfj. warm, hot Jo8.9,12. 

on Hi. (from Din) pr. n. json of 


Noah Gen. 10,6, ancestor of Af- 
rican peoples: Egyptians, Ethio- 
pians, etc. 

DH w. warmth, heat on C^h hot 

bread IS.21,7. 
on (=Dn IL) adj. warm, warming; 

>nly pi. D^ljn T]'»n^5 thy garments 
are warm Jb.37,17. 

ft<Dn Ar. to become thick, to co- 
agulate, whence ilKpn . See also 

• • • 


Ken (=n9n) /•. wrath, fury. 
KOn , M^D Ch. f. anger, wrath. 
nXOn (from KDH) /*. i) curds, cream 

Gen 18;8; Is.7,22.— 2) butter Pr. 
30,33; pi rf't^^U , see nlNCqe . 

non (M iDm/i pi. iDm)" j; to 

desire, to covet, to delight in 
Tl^K-ntJ ty^K iDDl-K*?! and no 
one shall desire thy land Ex.34, 

24; ?IS1 n^a ^Of7Ci *^9 thou Shalt 
not covet thy neighbor's house 
Ex.20, 17; Dn^ n^H ]iv9 D^V5] 
and the scorners delight in their 
scorning Pr.1,22; pt. p. I^DPI de- 
sired, desirable, hence: a) as adj.: 
precious, goodly DnjJ nil^DQ 
precious as gold Ezr. 8,27; ^njj 
^^"'Pnn •••''f S thegoodlygarments 
of Esau Gen.27,17. h) as a n.: 
beauty, delight In^DQ tryj DDrn 
thou makcst his beauty to con- 
sume away like a moth P8.39,12; 
^W'»-'73 nnn^Diri and their de- 
lightful things shall not profit 

Niph. only pt npflj desirable, 
pleasant, precious "ICi.i^ TS*^? 
ng^Di^ every tree that is pleasant 
to the sight Gen.2,9j am? D^^niD 
more desirable (or precious) than 
gold Ps.19,11. 

Pi. ntJO to wish ardently i^yj 
^J^nsn under his shadow do I ar- 
dently wish to be Cant.2,3. 

ncn w. desirableness, pleasantness, 
loveliness; as adj.: "ipn '•^.^(13 de- 
sirable(lovely)young men Ez.23,6; 
nCn ^nf pleasant fields 18.32,12. 

mpn (c. niprj) f. 1) desire ?] ^ M 
niljn t^*?5 he departed without 
being desired (i. e. regretted by 
none) 2Chr.21,20.— 2) something 
desirable, object of delight ^p^ 
^81^?: nipg ^5 to whom belong, 
eth all that is desirable in Israel? 
IS.9,20 (Eng. Bible: on whom is 
all the desire of Israel?); Dipg 




D^C^^ tbti delight of women Daiu 
11,37 (in reference to an idol 
worshipped by Syrian women).— 
3) pleasantness, excellence; as 
adj.: n^pn Y^tf a pleasant land 
Ez.26,12; rTJtjn ^"J? precious ves- 
sels 2CLr.32,27} with sf. D^hr^ 
^■niljri my pleasant portion Jer. 

• • • 

nnon , rin^Drip^. f' precious things 
Dan.'ll,38; as adj.: nliPD 'V9 
goodly raiment Gen. 27, 15; ^5? 
fl^^'Pn precious vessels (or jew- 
els) "'2Chr.20,25j nnpn Dn|? pieas- 
ant bread (savory f<'od) Dan. 10,3; 
.rflOQ ^"^V^ one greatly beloved 
V. li; with omission of tf''^l: ^J 
nriK nn^DCl thou art greatly be- 
loved 9,23.* 

]'5pn pr, n. w. Gen. 36, 26 =]"mr\ 

nOn 1) = KOn to unite; fig. to be 
allied in affinity, whence Dp 1. a. 
rfon . — 2) to enclose, to fasten, 
whence nijin. — 3) =D^n to glow, 
to burn, whence DQ II., DD , DPI , 

nan (from non 3; 8f. in^D) f. 1) 

warmth, heat Ps.l9,7.— 2) poet. 
the sun Is.24,23 a. Cant.6,10; vh^ 
Hf n without the sun Jb 30,28(Stb.': 
without sun-light). 

non (from non 3; c. nDO , 8f' ""OW. : 
pi. rfDD, rbn) /". i) heat, anger, 
wrath, fury HOnjI e]g5 in nngcr 
and in wrath Deut.29,28; non tr^« 
man of wrath (i. e. an angry 

man) Pr.15,18; iris nOnS with the 
fury of his power Dan.8,6; nDQ 
]?J9 fury of wine Hos.7,5 (Engi 
Bible: bottles of wine, talking D^Q 
to be identical with npn); poet, 
^D^\ ""1^ neap he shall drink of 
the wrath of the Almighty; ];in Di3 

nonn jer.25,15 a. ntjriQDis is.5i,i7 

the cup of wrath (of which God 
causes the nations to drink).— 2) 
poison trnj"nDn the poison of a 
serpent Ps.58,5j Sgr \Sn? riDQ the 
poison of serpents that crawl in 
the dust Deut.32,24.— ntjn Jb.29,6 
=nKt5n butter. 

• • • 

'JM^Sn pr. n. m, 

^B^DITpr. n. f. wife of king Joslah. 

^^Cn pr. n. m. Gen.46,12; gent. ^ ^^DQ 


]lQn pr. n. 1) a city in Asher Jos. 

19,28. — 2) 2l city in Naphtall 

pOn (from Y^n 3) m. violent man, 

oppressor (={^pn); f^ion ^^^^ set 
right the oppressor Is.1,17 (others: 
relieve the oppressed. Caking 
pon in a passive sense). 

pen (c. p^DP.) adj. deep red, purple; 

prop. pt. p. of f gn .9, which see 

p^Sn (from pBp) m. circuit, round* 

*ng ^]Sy. ^iP.^SD the roundings 
(Eng. Bibie: Joints) of thy thighs 

lion, ibn (c. TiTbn,^HDn;^i. 

0*^100 , 8f. li^nlDC!) w. i) ass (aec. 

• • • ' i' 

Ges. a. Stb. prop, red-skinned 





- T 

animal, from lOn 2) .Qen.12,16; 
24,35, etc.; D14 ibn a bony (i. e. 
strong) ass Gen.49,14; "I^Dn. niU;5 
the burial of an ass (i, e. an 
ignominious burial) Jer.32,19.— 
2) ='19^ a heap; hence the play 
of words Jud.15,6: liDCD ^r)i?5 

D^^I'^O ^'^^^ *^® Jaw-bone of an 
ass, a heap, two heaps [have I 
slain]; Stb., taking TDQ in its 
first meaning and D^p^DD &s <2^< f' 
of "n^Dn , renders the phrase: a 
multitude of asses (in derision 
of the Philistines).— 5) ace. Fuerst: 
=*1{}n humer (a dry measure) 
QD!? y^U a homer of bread, i. e. 

• • • 

as many loaves as can be baked 
out of a homer (Eng. Bible: an 
ass laden with bread; prjp.: an 
ass's load of bread).— 4) pr. n. m. 

nion («/*. nO^OD) /*. mother-in-law. 


tDOn to wind, to cringe. 
BOn (from DDH) m. lizard. 

V I 

ntOOn pr, n. a place in Judah. 

^^pn adj. salted, seasoned {^^D(J h^^^ 

salted provender 18.30,24. 
^B^^DH see ^B^tjn. 

ten (fut. SblT) to pity, to have 

" T 

pity, to spare (with h)l) ^^^DQI 

i:?-Sr tr^^ ^Dn: ng^gs nr^ts 'and 
. . • . • . 

I will spare them as a man spareth 
his own son Mal.3,17; VdPP ^9 
Q^^^'T'. ^'.-1^ who shall have pity 
upon thee, Jerusalem Jer.15,5; 
rarely with bn for t^r : ^SoTO-'^K 

rn '^ spare no arrow Jer.50,14; 
verb, n. T^V H^ljnS lo have pity 
upon thee £z.l6,5. 

n'?Dn (c. n^prj) /*• pity, compassion. 

T : V 

DCn [pret. Dn, 1 *. ^niQQ; /"uf. Cm. 

'^ D n^^l; inf. DH , «/■. ierj , once 
DOn =DDn ls.47,5) 1) to' be or 
become warm CT}! DDJ it is warm 
to them, i. e. they are made warm 

Ec.4ji ^o^tsn nKH nD«^5 Dn;-e]S 

*11H ^O^K^ yea, he warmelh him- 
self and saitb, Aha, I am warm, 
I have seen tlK* fire Is.44,16; cf 
the sun: to wax 1 « t tfuBT! Dni 

• • • 

DD^I when the sun w ixod hot, it 
melted Ex.16,2.1.— 7n^. Dn, with 
prefixes: DW Dinj in the heat of 
the day Gen.l8,l;'i'^dn':-pK5 and 
there is none warm Hag. 1,6; with 
prefix and sf: DtSHjl in their heat. 
Jer.51,39; once inf. DJpD, with 7; 
D?n!? n^nrj-'S there shall not be 
a coal to warm at Is.47,14. 

Xiph. DHJ ifut Dn; a. DH^ , pi. 
^E,n\ ^Dn.^J) to become warm 
Sh r:n\ «h but he could not be- 
come warm IK.1,1; fig. of the glow 
of feeling or passion: D vS? D^PPAD 
enfiaming themselves with iduls 
Is.57,5; nuns ^Dn; they are hot 
as an oven Hos.7,7; l^^*? Dn.'». ^J 
while his heart is hot Deut.19,6; 
of cattle: to be in heat, to con- 
ceive ]K'jfn ^Dn*land the flocks 
conceived Gcn.30,39 (=^snn); 
once pi. f. njtjn*! they should 
concei^'B 30,38 (=n^pna^). 




Pi. non iftU, ngn^) to make 
warm; fig. to hatch Jb.39,14. 

Hithp, Cgnnn to warm oneself 

DDnn'' >pa5 lilDI and if he were 

[not] warmed with the fleece of 

my sheep Jb.31,20. 

IDn (from nsn sun; onlyj>i. D"^p©n, 

8f. D3V.9D) w. sun-pillar, sun- 
image (idol of Baal). 
Don 1) to do violence, to violate 

^Dbnri"'?^ U'^"7^< oppress not, do 
no violence Jer.22,3; n^D ^DDH 

• • • 

they have violated the law Zph. 

3,4.— 2) to wrong, to hurt "^KDni 

• • • 

IC^pj DQn he that sinneth against 

me wrongeth his own soul Pr.8, 

36; IDbnn ^hv niajO^ and the plans 

• • • 

which ye wrongfully devise a- 
gainst me Jb.21,27 (Stb.: with 
crafty devices ye attack me).— 
3) to te&T off, to tear down, to over- 
throw lip? ]^.iS Dbn? he shall 
tear off (shake off) his unripe 
grapes as the vine Jb. 15,33; DDnj] 
list? ]5J he hath torn down (over- 
thrown) his tabernacle, as if it 
were of a garden Lam.2,6. 

Mph, DOnj to be stripped or 
made bare H'^JpS. ^DDPIJ thy heels 
are made bare Jer.13,22. 

ben (c. DDO ; pi D'^DDCl) m. 1) vio- 

lencp, oppression, wrong, cruelty, 
injury ItS^^ DDn violence and rob- 
bery Am.3,10- DOn ir>K Pr3,31 or 
D>pDQ c^^x Ps.140,2 an oppressor, 
a violen- man; DCn TJ a wrong- 
ful (false) witness fc:x.23,li ^^iV 
Sjn cruel hatred Ps.25,19; '•pDq 

T]'»?1J my wrong be upon thee 
Gen.l6,5;|)od. H^nilT DOn he drinketh 
(i. e. experiences) injury Pr.26,6.— 
2) what is gotten by wrong or 
violence DDQ D^'IVKH who store 

XT » • 

Up violence (i. e. ill-gotten wealth) 

ytn I. (fut. f^DO^ ; pt f^^ln ; pt p. 

{^IDn; verb, n. nVDH) 1) prop, to 
be sharp, sour, hence: to be leav- 
ened, to ferment "^V pV3 wh^ 
inVpn from kneading the dough, 
until it be leavened Hos.7,4.— 
2) to be red Dn;? V^On dyed red 
in his garments Is.63,1 — 3) =DCn 
to be violent; pt f^fi^n violent 
man Ps.71,4; pen Is. 1,17 ace. 
some ==pt.p. pan oppressed. 

Hithp. {^{jniin to become vio- 
lent, embittered, excited f^BOn^ 
^?f7 my heart is embittered Ps. 

yon II. adj. 1) leavened f^DH DnS 
leavened bread Lev.7,13. — 2) 
as n.: leaven niin {^DQS '^W^ 
and burn of leaven a sacrifice 
of thanksgiving Am.4,5 (ace. some 
f^pno of ill-gotten wealth; see 

rep 1. 5). 

J^Qn w. vinegar. 

pDH to turn about, to go away 

•njr pen nil my friend turned 
around and was gone Cant.5,6. 

Hithp, pgnnri prop, to turn 
about oneself, hence: tb go 8rt)out, 
to rove about ]^i^J;^00 ^Op'^J? 

njj^B^n nan how long wilt thoi^ 


- T 


V I 

go about, (hoii backsliding 
daughter? Jer.31,21. 

•TDH (ftU, IDn^) 1) to seethe, to 

foam, to boil up IDn ])l] and the 
wine is foaming Ps.75,9; ^pn*; 

• • • 

VD^D ^IDQ! the waters thereof 

T • • • 

roar and seethe Ps.46,4.— 2) to 
be red, whence *18n , I^DQ , "^^OK 

s • I • • • 

a. *lQn ^, because of their asso- 
ciation with the red color; ]^5 
*lpp Ps.75,9 ace. some Interp^'e- 
^ers: and the wine is red.— 3) to 
collect, to heap together, whence 
*199 iieap.— 4) den, ftrom *lDn: to 
pitch over ^^r\2 JTJDnrn and she 
pitched it over with asphalt Ex 
Pu. redupl. *^81Bn 1) to be vio- 

• • • 

lently moved, to be troubled 
"•gp ^IDTOn my bowels are 
troubled Lam.2,11.— 2) to burn, 
to become red ''3a"''« ^"IPIBH ^ifi 

• • • • • • 

my face is burned (or red) with 
weeping Jb.16,16. 

^Cn (from nan r w. bitumen, 

asphalt (which bolls uo fn the 
manner of boiling pftch). 

^Dn (from len I) m. red wine DtlS 1 

"^SP * vineyard of red wine I^:. 

*;0n Ch. (def. K^pri) m. wine. 

^ph w. 1) boiling, foaming (from 

Son ly, D'^gi d:Q npn the boiling 
of the great waters Hab. 3, 15 
(others render llSri 'heap*, from 
*1BI1 5).— 2) heap; only pZ. Dipn 
0*100 heaps upon heaps Ex.8, 

10.— 3) homer (a dry measure 

= 10 n3); ng^« n j^ip ipn yaj 

the seed of an homer shall 
yield an ephah Is. 5,10; rC^ffV, 
1?jn D^]^5n ten baths are an ho» 
mer Ez.45,U.— 4) clay, loam, 
mortar (from Ign ^, because of 
the red color of clay) Hjn "IDCjrj, 
•nQnS DhS the asphalt served 
them as mortar Gen 11,3; ip/n 
D^^n sealing clay (1. e. sealing 
wax) Jb.38,U; rfV^n Itjh the loam 
(1. e. mire) of th« streets Is. 10,6. 

nicn (only du. Djp'ion) f heap 
(=Sgn ^); D^nWDQ licq a heap, 
two heaps Jud. 15,16 (ace. Stb. 
n^DC! she-ass; see under l^on). 

pen pr. n. m. lChr.1,41 =]'5Pri 

Gen. 36,26. 
tTipn I. prop, to be thick, strong, 

hence: tr, to equip, to arm for 

war; only pt. p. D''B*Dn armed Ex. 

*. • 

13,18; Jos 4,12, etc. (interchanged 
with D^V^n Jos.4,13). 

tPpri 11. (den. from trgn) only Pi, 

C*^n to take a fifth part as a tax 
Gen. 4 1,34. 

c. nC^p.n five; niB^Vtrpn /•. fifteen, 

t». ifc^s hf^n 2s.9,io a. n^r ng^BD 

19,18.— PI n^W^n com. fifty ;" Ig^* 
V^pni D'^B^pn a captain of fifty 
with 'his fifty "2K. 1,9. 

B^'en I. (from trfiri) m. fifth part 

V I ^ 

(as a tax) Gen.47,26. 
K^Cn 11. (from tfDp I.) m. abdomen, 

V ! 


182 i^n 

paunch 2S.2,23 (Eng. Bible: the 
fifth rib; Stb.: the ilia). 

^*«t2n , '•B^^OQ num. m. the fiftn Gen. 

1,23; f. iT^irtjq, n'^t^'^q the fifth 
Neh.6,5; also ' the fifth part of 
something Qen.47,24. 

D^B^DH see under B^pn . 


PDH (c riDn, perhaps also riDn 
... |.. I - , 

Hos.7,5) f. skin-bottle Gen.21,15. 

nOn pr. n. a city in Syria Num. 

34,8, more fully n|inDn Am.6,2 
or naiV nen 2Cbr.8,3; later the 
name of the entire district, to 
which this city belonged, called 
m full nCD r3§ Jer.39,5; gent. 
''0?n Gen.l6.18. 

nfin !>»*. w. a place in Naphtali 
Jos.19,35 =1«-T nbn Jo8.21,32 a. 
JiOD IChrAGl. 

in (from ]jn; «/'. ^jn)w. favor, kind- 
ness ]n t^YD to find favor Gen. 
30,27; ]n N^j to ubtaiii favor Est, 
2,15; ]D ]D) to give favor, to 
procure favor for one Ex. 12,36.— 
2) grace, beauty, loveliness ]n 
Vngb^ the grace of his lips Pr. 
22,11; inn n,7.C^ grace is deceitful 
31,30; edjectively: ]n ng*K a gra- 
cious woman Pr.ll,16j nj^tS n;iT 
[n a well-favored harlot Nah.3,4; 
in"ri!:S: a graceful roe 5,19; ]2^ 
jn a precious stone 17,18.— 3) 
pr. n. m. Zch.6,14. 

TlJn pr. n. m. 


Ijn [fut. nju:, ap. in»i; pt. nin, 

TT * • ' • 

pl. D^fn, /*. njn; imp. npn, inf. 

nuq) 1) to Incline, to hend njrj 
D^*nni:n lo! the inclining of the 
day Jud.19,9 (identical with n*t:; 
Di*n 19,8).— 2) to encamp, to pitch 
one's tent, to settle, to dwell, 
'IJ^^'/DJ? ]0?1 and he encamped 
(or pitched his tent) in the valley 
of Gerar Gen 26,17; nbpD WJ 
D^K? Unil they took their jour- 
ney from Succoth, and encamped 
in Btham Ex.l3,20; SfJ'jtp'l '•J? Um 
^njnD-*?y E^'^W and the children 
of Israel shall encamp (pitch 
their tents), every man by his 
own camp Num. 1,52; IJB^tpn ini^nj 
when the tabernacle is to be 
pitched v. 51j with '^J? : to encamp 
against, to besiege Tyn"*?g np.r] 
'"^tPt: ®"camp against the city 
and take it 28.12,28; pt. sf. nig 
Tjih niDVS he hath scattered the 
bones of him that encampeth a- 
gainst thee Ps.53,6; with h: to 
encamp round (for defence) n^H 
VN-il^S n>5p ;; TjK^D the angel of 
the Lord encampeth round about 
them that fear him 34,8j ^Tigi 
njYD ^T^'^tJ? and I will encamp 
about mine house because of the 
army Zch.9,8. 

nsn pr. n. the mother of the proph- 
et Samuel IS 1,2. 

Tjljn pr. n. 1) the eldest son of 
Cain Qen.4,17.— 2) son of Jared 
Gen.5,18. — 5) son of Reuben Gen 

46,9; pntr. ^JiQ Num.26,5. 


]yn pr. n. m. 



V^ adj, gracious, mercifnl. 

Tilan verb. n. (from ]r\) being gra- 
cious *?« ni^n nDrn hath God 
forgotten to be gracious Ps.77,10.— 
2} caressing, entreaty n^^. ^nn 
••595 '»A?^ '•O^^ni '•i??^ij*? my breath 
is strange to my wife, and my 
caressing to the children of mine 
own body Jb 19,17. 

r^jn (from njg) f. vault, cell, 
prison; only pi ni^JO Jer.37,16. 

ajn (fuL iD':n:; ^f. tD:q) i) to 

spice, to fill with juice HiSpn 
n^55 nttjn the fig tree spiceth its 
green figs Cant.2,13 (Eng. Bible: 
the fig tree putteth forth).— 2) 
to siiibalm ini< ^ts;nil and they 
embalmed him Gen.50,26; pt p. 
W^tfJU. those which are embalmed 
50,3! * 

t^V^in Ch. (=Heb. HDn) wheat; pi 
rpjfj Bzr,7,22. 

hn^iri pr. n. 1) prince of the tribe 
of Manasseh Num.34,23.— 2) a 
person mentioned in lChr.7,39. 

Tt^jn w. initiated person, trained 

man; only pi. af. ^'^y^}^ r^PV^^ 
he armed his trained men Gen. 
nrjn (from lim f^ mercy, favor 

ri^an (from njg i; i>i. n^n^jq a. 

D^b^jn) f' spear, lance. 
Wn (/u«, ^JK: «mp. i^D) if; to ini- 
tiate, to teach, to train T4i: Tjiq 


^Sll ''9'^S train up a child in 
the way he should go Pr.22,6.— 
2) to dedicate, to consecrate Ifft" 

i3:n «Si trnn-n^.5 nj3 that hath 

built a new house, and hath not 
dedicated it Deut.20,5; 'DH, IDjn*! 
^^ n'^3 and they dedicated (conse- 
crated) the house of the Lord 
t<3;n Ch. (c. rSJO) /*. dedication 

^5^?S.■^^5 n^iph ^^li^Ll] and thoy 
offered at the dedication of the 
house of God Ezr 6,16. 

r\2iri (c. n3;n) f, dedication ri^vh 

nnbi:^) n^jn to celebrate the de- 
dication wUh joy Neh.12,27; najC 
n^an the dedication of the house 
D3n (from ]n grace) adv. 1) gratu- 

T • 

itously, free (prop, by grace) D|r 
^53 rS' ^'*®® without money Ex 
21,11.— 2) in vain, for naught 
without cause ^ni.3T Cjn-^8 «^ 
I have not said in vain Ez.6,10 
D5n TiaitJ n^fcjn «S] neither d< 
ye light up my altar for naugh 
Mal.1,10; '•O^V D^J? ^^ i li*^ve no 
done vvithoui cause Ez.l4,23j n_.[ 
D^n causeless curse Pr.26,2; ^D' 
Djn blood Ishedl without caus^ 
lK.2,3UEng.Bible:innocent blood] 

^NDjn pr. n. w. 

^Djn {/" *?9}C) »»• ^0^^- hail-stonee 
hail Ps.78,47 (others: a sort 



A r^^^ ; pL ]^\ mp. sf, 'i^iJ^ ; inf. 
]i3rj , 'sf. njig , and ni3Q) prop, to 
be inoUned (comp. n).g), hence: 
1) to favor, to be kind or graci- 
ous, to pity, to have or shew 
mercy ^n ikh D^jpi they favored 
not the elders Lam 4,16; l\ \ nn 
Dpi< and the Lord was gracious 
-unto them2K.13,23j ^Wrm ''d^Dl 
jng and I will be gracious to 
whom I will be gracious Ex.33, 
19; v». ^;|n^. gli'' ''9 who knoweth 
whether God will be gracious to 
me 28.12,22; ]tf3] ^^n p^^V the 
righteous showeth mercy and 
givethPs.37,21; V^lH''!? ]jin \T.^83 
neither let there be any to favor 
nis fatherless children 109, 12j 
••n^Bi!! yct?^ ''W.n have mercy upon 

• • • • 

me, and ilear my prayer Ps.4,2 

(Ps.9,u ^;|A)D for V,|n); D^s >j|n 

^y^ have pity on me, my friends 
Jb. 19,21; r\^rh nsj the time to 
favor her Ps.i62,14.— 2) to give 
graciously, to bestow, to grant 

cwith occiw.) n'^Tih^, ]jn ig^s Dn|?iD 

tllJg'nS the children which God 
hath graciously given thy ser- 
vant Gen. 33,5; Dflh ^1M\^ grant 
them to us Jud.21,22 (Eng. Bible: 
be favorable unto them for our 
takes); ^i}n ^O'J^ril and grant me 
Ihy law graciously Ps. 119,29. 

Niph. ]n: to be pitied flJP^.Tie 
how thou art to be pitied Jer.22, 
23 (Eng. Bible: how gracious 
thalt thou be). 

Pi I. ]yn (fid, ]jin; ; pt. pinp) 

to favor, to have mercy upon, to 

pity Min\ nnsi|-n85 and they shall 
favor the dust thereof Ps.102,15: 
inp« D'^lja ]J^nD^ but he that 
hath mercy on the poor, happy 
is he Pr.U,21. 

P«. II. VD iM' ]?D]) to make 
graceful, lovely h^ i?ip ]ir\] ^? 
^3*]^Q though he make his voice 
graceful, believe him not Pr.26, 
25 (Eng. Bible: when he speaketh 
fair, etc.). 

JToph. \m (fut, ]r\y) to be fa- 
vored, to find favor ^3 y^^ ID.^ 
p^Jf 1d!j let favor be shown to 
the wicked, yet will he not learn 
righteousness Is.26,10; VrgJ ]n;«S 

ngtl h^8 neighbor findeth no fa- 
vor in his eyes Pr.21,10. 

Hithp. lAnnn to implore, to be- 
seech, to make supplication (with 
*??.,*?> ^A?^) VM UGOPIandl 
besought the Lord Deut. 3, 23; 
IIDHH ^tJStfl?^ I would make sup- 
plication to my Judge Jb.9,15; 
TJB*? ^^^nnnj and they shall make 
supplication before thee 2Ghr.6,24. 

pn Oh. (=Heb. ]in ; inf, |np) to 
shew mercy IJJS. |nD3 by shewing 
mercy to the poor Dan.4,24. 
ItP' lADO? to implore, to make 

supplication nnh^^ DJg.jjnW^ n8| 

praying and making supplication 
before his God Dan.6,12. 

pn pr. n. m. of several persons.— 
140 ^""S ^^® under n^3 . 

^NJjn pr n. m. the builder of a 
. • 
tower in Jerusalem Jer.31,38. 





^3iD ^- *• ^-^ * prophet 2Chr.l6,7.— 
^; brother of Nehemiah Neh.1,2.— 
3) name of several other persons. 

iT33n , ^n^in j?r. n. 1) false proph- 

• • • 

et at the time of Jeremiah Jer. 
28,1.— 2) companion of Daniel 
Dan. 1,7.— - 3) name of several 
other persons. 
D3n pr, n. a city of middle Egypt 


l8.30,4 (called by the Greeks He- 
Wn I. (/W. ejinj) 1) to natter, to 

b'e hypocritical |S3'D1 ^'^?i'D| 
^S^n both prophet and priest are 
hypocrites Jer.23,li.— 2) to de- 
file, to pollute nnn nnjn f^^xni 

(7«}^^^ the earth is defiled under 
the inhabitants thereof Is.24,5; 

nt-'T'^l? "lirp she defiled the 
land Jer.3,9. 
Sijih. ri^^nn (/frf. ej^JOi) 1) to 

' • • • ■ # 

seduce rfp5n3 ^y^L he shall se- 
duce (Eng. Bible: corrupt) by flat- 
teries Dan.11,32.— 2) to defile, to 

pollute ?i\D^:r2 f^nP '5';nni thou 

• • • • 

hast polluted the land with thy 
whoredoms Jer.3,2. 

13n 11. w. impious person, hypo- 

' crite Jb.13,16; 17,8; Is.9,16;j9Z. D'^IJjq 
Is.33,14; i)Z. c. 3^ ^gjn the hipo- 
crites in heart Jb.36,i3;'»^8^ ^gin? 

• • • 

^iplj with hypocritical cake-mocJc- 
ers Ps.35,l6 (see this phrase also 
under ^^V^). 

^ivy *». impiety, hypocrisy Is.32,6. 

»V I 

nS3n f. impiety, profaneness Jer. 

^in to choke.— N^K pJDJ (/irf. 

PAQ.!) to strangle oneself 2S.17, 
23.- P«. p;n to strangle (of lions) 

jriSn iw. n. a city in Zebulun. 

non 1. to be kind; only HUhjp, 

'^BDOD to show oneself kind, merci- 
ful "rpno^j T^n ny with the merci- 
ful thou wilt show thyself merci- 
ful 28.22,26; Ps.18,26. 

non II. Ft, nppi {fut. npn:) to dis- 

- T • 

grace, to insult, to put to shame 
relr TllBDVlglesthe that heareth 
it put thee to shame Pr.25,10. 

*c!*''n?n, «f. inpq) m. i; (from 
ICQ 1) kindness, goodness, favor, 
grace, mercy D\t1*?i? ICP the kind- 
ness of God 2S.9,3; "neb '^t^W men 

• • • 

of mercy (i. e. merciful men) Is. 
57,1; ^o:j^VD^ ^npn my goodness 

• • • 

and my fortress (of God) Ps. 144,2; 
UTgl DJpn they forsake their own 
mercy Jon.2,9; D^ncnrj '^StJ '•njtS[3 
I am unworthy of all the favors 
Gen.32,11; ...Dy nCQ T^r to do or 
show kindness with or to any 
one... Gen.21,23j 2S.9.3; ...SlRn np^ 
to show kindness (mercy) to.., 
Gen.29,21; Ezr 7,2H; .,h Ipn Tj^lJ 
to extend kindness (mercy) to... 
Ps.36,11; 109,12; •M'»a|5^ ICg K^J 
to obtain favor Est.2,17.— 2) (from 
"Ipn II.) disgrace, shame, reproach 
Lev.20,17; flK^H D'^tJ^S Ipn the 
disgrace of nations is sin Pr.l^. 
34.— 3) pr. n. w. lK.4,iO. 




non (3 r. n;gg , 3 pi. ©n a. vgn ■ 
ne'n , pi. D''pn ; imp. «n ; «n/i niDQ) 

* • • 

1) to seek protection, to take ref- 
uge '•l?9i3 'TCQ ^15 in thee my 
soul seeketh protection P8.57,2; 

nenS T815 ^X? in the shadow of 
• • • • • • • • * 

thy wings will I take refuge ib.; 

"^^VJ ^DCl take refuge in my shadow 

Jud!9,15; DnVO ^^2 nton^ to take 
• • • • 

refuge in the shadow of Egypt 
l8.30,2.— 2) to trust ^^ Hljni and 
he shall trust in him Ps.64,ll: 
p'^lV iniDJ ngn the righteous in 
his death trusteth [in God] Pr. 
14,32; D^Dh y>l?lDthou thatsavest 
those who trust Ps.17,7; "^J np« 
i3 '•R^n blessed are all they who 
trust in him 2,12. 
non pr, n. m. 


p'Dn adj. strong, mighty. 
ri^DH (from HpH) f. refuge, trust 
nnvp-*??.? ri^Dnn the refuge (or 

• • • • 

trust) in the shadow of Egypt 

TDH (8f, TjTpn; pi Dn^pn, 8f. 

• X • . . . 

'^''J^PP.) adj. 1) kind, benevolent, 
gracious, merciful Ps.12,2; 18,26; 
U5,17; Jer.3,12.— 2) as n.: pious 
worshipper, godly man, saint Ps. 
4,4; 30,5; 31,24; 37,28. 

riTDH f. stork. 

yon n^, a species of locust (from 

• T 

?pn to eat off), 
pOn (from ]Qn) adj. mighty. 

yBT\ Ch. (firom Pa. IBG) adj, want- 
ing, deficient (in weight) Dan.5,7. 
^DH (A**- '^^IT) to eat off, to con- 

sume (Targ. ^PQ to make an end, 

to destroy) r\y\k} ljj?pn: the lo- 

• • • • . • 

cust shall consume it Dout.28,3S 
Dpn (/w«. DDTC) 1) to muzzle '^h 

iE^nj lie* Dbno thou Shalt not 
muzzle the ox when he treadeth 
out [the corn] Deut.25,4.— 2) to 

bar, to stop Dn.jVn'nK «^n ntjpr 

and it shall bar [the way of] tho 
passengers Ez.39,11. 

|Dn to be strong; only Niph. to be 

made secure, to be laid up ^ 
lpn\ «*?1 nXK\ it shall not be 
treasured nor laid up Is. 23,18. 
]Dn Ch. to be strong; fig. to be 

^p^' IBTO (3 pi. ^:pf!nj ^pi. fut. 

JUpfX) to possess Dan.7,18 a. 22. 
]Dn Ch. {def. K:pn, «/•. •'Jpn) m. 

strength, might. 
]Dn adj, see i^Dn. 

jpn w. strength, might; fig. riches, 
wealth Tyn ]dnrh^ all the strength 
(or wealth) of the city Jer.20,5; 
^n[5.\ 1pJ3 ]^n they have taken the 
wealth and splendor Ez. 22, 25 
(Eng. Bible: the treasure and 
precious things); rfj^^lT^. ]pn the 
strength (Stb.: abundance) of sal- 
tation Is.33,6. 

^pn (=^?'*n) to peel off, to scal(^ 
offj only Pu. DSpnp pj 
something small scaled off (or 


•• T 



T '. 

scaly) Ex.l6,U (olhers; something 
fine and grainlike). 

icn {fui. icn;. , pi. npn: ; inf. n^cn) 
" f •• •• • 

to want, to lack "npng ^h I shall 

not want Ps.23,1 ^J^rSr ]D8^ 

*'5'^r'^B let oil not be wanting 

on thy head Ec.9,8; with cuxus.: 

'I}'? 5^*30? kS thou hast lacked 

nothing Deut.2,7; with ^ of the 

person: *h Ipn^ Ig^R which he 

• • • • 

wanteth 15,8.— 2) to decrease, 
to be diminished, to fail npn^J 
Q^QH and the waters decreased 
Qen.8,3;llDnj TjiSn decreasing con- 
tinually V. 5. 

-P^". *^Jjn (fut, ^gnp 1) to deprive, 
to bereave (prop, to cause to 

want) njitaij >^%i HH nenp '•iS 

■ • • • • 

1 bereave my soul of good Ec. 
4,8.- 2) to make less ^nnpnni 

'^^rlbSB tsee thou hast made 'him 

• • • 

a little less than the angels 

Hiph. I^pnn 1) to cause to fail 

n'^pm K{}V 'nWD^ and he will 
• • • 

cause the drink of the thirsty to 
fail Is.32,6.— 2) to suffer want, 
r-o have a lack "T^pm ^h D^rDDH 
he that gathered little had no 
lack Ex. 16,18. 

ion (c. "IDCll CM&*. deficient, wanting, 
lacking, void ^1?V "npn nriK ni; what 
art thou lacking with mc ? IK. 
11,22, '•JK D>r|?9 npq am I lack- 
ing madmen ? 18.21,16; Dp^ '^BCl 
lacking bread 2S.3,29; r/^y\2r\ icn 
roid of understanding Pr.28,16; 

2.; '^DCI lacking sense 6,32 (sec 
also npg). 

non m. want, proverty Pr.28,22: 


Jb.30,3; once c. 37"*lDtl want of 
understanding Pr.lO,2r(Fuerst). 

ndin »». want On'j ^^^n want of bread 
Am.4,6; 73 Ignj for want of all 
things Deut.28,5V. 

mpn jw. n. w. 2Ghr.34^2 =Drnn 

]npn »». want, deficiency, defect. 

C]n (from ^Sp) flk^*. pure, innocent 

C]n Bee ^^n. 

XSn (=npn) to cover.— FL Hfll 

(/tt*. Kfin:) to do secretly; Stb.: 
to impose, fig, to impute •••^K^H]'] 
>;'hv p-«^ n?^8 Dn^T and they 
did secretly things that were not 
right against the Lord (ace. Stb.: 
and they imputed to the Lord 
things etc.). 

nsn {pt. p. ^^fin , c. ^^Bn) to cover, 

T T ^ • 

to veil D^i^*l ^sn they covered 
their heads Jer.U,3 a. 4; i*? ^H'^] 


^^Sn and he had his head covered 
28.15,30; tr«n '•IBCl with his head 
covered Kst.6,12. 

Niph. ngn^ to be covered '•^^3 
*1BM n§tn^"n:i'' the wings of 'a 
dove covered with silver P8.68, 14. 

Pi. nf n (fut. ap. ^n] , sf. ^njgn;!) 

to cover, to overlay 2Chr.3,5, 7. 

nsn (from cisp ; «/*. infCl) f. 1) cov 

ering H^fl niaj-S^"*?!?' over all 


T *. 


the glory there shall be a cov- 
ering (i. e. protection) l8.4,5. — 
2) canopy, chamber of a bride 
or groom Jo.2,16; Ps.19,6. 

nSn pr. n m. lChr.24,13. 

T *. 

ten (fut. tsn: -, inf. jbp. , «/•. mb(1) d 

•" Y • • • • 

to make haste, to haste xS'inj pVSl 
TSIT the river sweepeth violently, 
but he hastcth not Jb.40,23; ''n'JBH 
nsnj I said in my haste Ps.31,28; 

• • • 

DU? njsnj as she made haste to 
flee 2S4,4. — ;?) to tremble *?« 

^renn h^\ ^KT;? fear nut, and 

• • • < 

tremble not Deut.20,3. 

JS'iph. rg^J ifut rgm ; pt. rsgj) 

1) to hasie, to make haste ''HJJ 
n^^^ TfllJ nin and i:)avid made 
haste to get away IS.23,26; D;9nn? 
2K.7,15 Klib for 01903 in their 

• • • • t 

haste.- 2) to be confounded ^^HJJ 
^tgnp. thf»y were terrified, they 
were con''ounded P8.48,6.— 3) to 
flee away in terror ^0^5 • V"19 
l^^Sp.l at th© voice of thy thunder 
thoy flee away P8.104,7 (fclnj^. 
Bible: they hasted away). 

p'TSn w. haste, hasty flight Ex. 12,11. 

D^Sn !?»•. w. wi. Jf^ a son of Fienjamin 

Geii.46,21 = Dgin Num 26,39.— 2) 
another person mentioned in IChr. 

]Sn to be bent, whenc.3 »gn. 

t£n w. hollow of the hand; only 

du. D^iSn the hollows of both 
hands, tho two fists; sf. Tj^iSn Ez. 

10,2, D5'';tn Ex.9,8, v^pn L', 

188 ran 

I V i" 

12 a. Pr.30,4; D^JSn «?? handful 

^3Sn pr. n. one of the sons of Bli 

ff]Sn I. ipt. ngn) to cover, to pro- 
tect, to shield D^^n'Sj V^y t^n 
he will shield him all the day 

t]Sn II. ace. Ges. to rub off, to 
wipe off, to wash offj hence ^^Pl , 

ysn ifut. f'bn: , renj ; inf. ftn) i) 

to bend, to curve ^3JT f'srC he 
bendeth his tail Jb.40,i7.— '^; to 
be favorably inclined to some- 
thing, to desire, to like ^^VSQ "IPD 
I desired mercy Ho8.6,6; ^/JVPn \k^ 
nnnp? I like not to take her Deut 

T : 


25,8; with 3 : to have delight in, 
to have affection for ipglD39 f^Rp 
he had delight in Jacob's daughter 
Vtn (pl 0750 , c. 780 ; f. nvRcp 

adj. delighting in, desiring, will- 
ing nnK rg^'3 f*sn h^ nh thou art 

not a G *d dclignting in wicked* 
ness Ps.5,5; nm f^gn DK if thou 
art willing (i.e. if it please thee) 
IK 21,6; nvgn trgj? with a willing 
mind lChr.28,9;"*VlV 'XSD those 
that desire niy righteousness Ps. 
35,27; D^Xpn Pslll,2 =011^X80 
those that desire them. 

f^sn {8f. 7?n; pl D7§q, c. 7?p, 

sf. TjSfSn) »w. 1) desire, wish 2S, 
23,5; IK \o,13; Jb.31,16; pleasure, 
delight Ps.1,2; Kc.5,3; with d;^ : 


willingness of the liands, indus- 
triou8nesRPr.31,13.— ;y something 
desirable, precious; pi. D'^V^r'^J^ 
njmtf^. l^S and all desirable (pre- 
cious) things are not to be com- 
pared to it Pr.8,11; as adj^ V.?^ 
J^gn precious stones Is.54,12j Tlfllp 
DVpD thoir desired haven Ps.l07, 
30*— 3) use, value f^gn '•^31 use- 
ful words Ec.22,10; ii f^gn'^B '•'jP 
as a vessel without any value 
(a useless vessel) Hos.8,8 — 4) 
business, pursuit, matter ^Vf^ DK 

'•trip^Di''? Tixiq riB^« Tjljn nj^ip 

if thou turn away thy foot from 
the sabbath, from doing thy bu- 
siness on my holy day 18.58,13; 
Y&T^fi nS there is a time for 
every pursuit Ec.3,1; hv HDOp-^K 
r^nO marvel not at the matter 

n3"^SSn (my delight is in her) 

pr, n. 1) the mother of the king 
Manasseh 2K.21,1.— 2) symbolic 
name of Zion l8.62,4. 

Ifin ifut, SSIT; inf. SSH) 1) to dig 

1l??n-n« '•OISQ I have digged 

the weirGen.21,30; hQ\ 13 f*D^3 Igh 

he that diggeth a pit shall fall 

Into it Ec.l0,8j fig. of enemies: 

^VP^b ^*^PD they have digged for 
• • • • 

my soul P8.35,7; of a horse; to 
dig into, to paw pjffj n§n: they 
paw in the valley Jb.39^21.— 2) 
fig, to dig for, to search out, to 
3spy D^:iDI?SD ^n^§n21 they dig 
for it more than for hidden treas- 
ures Jb.3,21; *ra« *^fin DiriJ from 

189 ^fin 

there he cspieth his food 39,29; 
{^IKn-nK HfenS to search out the 

I VT T V ; - 

country Jos.2,2j ij^^fl RBJ"! nigm 
Jb.11,18 ace. Stb.: and having 
searched out a place for thyself, 
thou wilt lie in safety (Eng. 
Bible: thou shalt dig about thee, 
and thou shalt take thy rest in 
safety: see also under*lfinbelow).— 

fine '^sn^ is.4,20 =nng'i8n!?; see 
• • . 

i£n (/-Mt. nen.: , pi. nea; , ^ npn.^.) 

prop, to become red, hence: to 

blush, to be ashamed, to be put 

to shame ^t?i?39 nsn->? IB^^-^J 

. • • • 

^riy^ for they are confounded, for 
they are brought unto shame, 
that seek my hurt Ps 71,24; ^t<| 
nSTCl nny they came thither, 
and were ashamed Jb.6,20,* Dn'»;}g^ 
^*1?nr ^ and their faces were not 
ashamad Ps Hfi;poet. Hp^n msm 

• • • • • • • 

nenn n^r^il then the moon shall 
be ashamed, and the sun con- 
founded; with ]0: because of 

Dnnn? njrg r-mnp ngnnj and ye 

shall be ashamed because of the 
gardens that ye have chosen Is. 

1,29; n3L;'n nest' <J1SP: Jb 11,18 
ace. Ges : now thou art ashamed, 
then shalt thou lie down in quiet 
(see also under 'Ign above). 

Hiph I'^snri {fut, r^nn) n to 

bring to shame, to cause dis- 
grace n'^gnii B^-'Wi v^y\ but the 

wicked b r i n g e t h shame and 
causeth disgrace Pr.13,5; 12^''??? ]2 
l^^nD^ a son that bringeth sIvwsna 



and causcth disgrace Pr. 19,26. — 
2) to be put to shame, to be 
ashamed n^pno vh >? '•C^jn-Se 
thou shall not be confounded, 
for thou shalt not be put to 
shame Is. 54, 4; fig. {^JK H^'tP^ 
^ii}^ Tgipnthe earth languisheth"; 
Lebanon is ashamed 33,9. 

ISn pr, n. 1) a city in Judah, once 
... |.. 

aCanaanitlsh capital Jos.12,17.— 
2) "Ignn nj a city in Zebulun, 
the birth-place of the prophet 
Jonah 2K.14,25j with H loc. nn^ 
ngn Jos.19,13.— 3) son of Gilead 
Num27,l; gent, ngn ib.~ 4) one 
.-)? David's warriors lChr.11,36.— 
S) a person mentioned in IChr. 

D^*)Sn P»". n. a place In Issachar. 


J?*)£n pr, n. an Egyptian king, 

contemporary of Nebuchadnezzar 

mS*1fln {redupl from IgR) prop. 

a • 

digging animal, hence: mole, rat; 
only in nng nfenS Is.2,20, for 
which there should be miSlgnT 
to the moles. 

fc^en C=Targ. Dgn ; M. b^BIT , pi, 

B^gh) prop, to dig, hence: to seek, 
to search, HJ^gnn D^iDpSDI and 
searchest for her as for hidden 
treasures Pr.2,4; rSh^V ^trgm they 
search out iniquities Ps. 64, 1\ 
^w^2'V^. J^i^OTJ iPt us search our 
ways 'Lam.3,40; ]B5"'»:Tin-^5 trgh 
searching all the inward parts 
of the body Pr.20,27. 

Niph. b^gn^ to be searched out 

Vj^Ve W^i *i^8 ^.B^erji ^j-'s how 

are [the treasures] of Esau search- 
ed out! how are his hidden things 
laid open ! Ob.6. 

Pi, B^gn (/"ue. trgn^) l) to search, 
to examine, to search out ^tS^&ni 
T]0''3"ng they shall search (exam- 
ine) thy house IK.20,6; ^Jlt^gn] 
iriK and I will search him out 
IS.23,23.— 2) fig. ro make search, 
to inquire "•p^l B^gn,i] and my spir- 
it maketh search Ps.77,7. 

Pu. trsn (fut. B^gn'' ; pt. b^sno) 

1) to be hidden (prop, to let one- 
self be sought) tS^gn; D'^rfh. D^p? 
DH^ when the wicked rise, a man 
is hidden Pr.28,12 (comp. v. 28).— 

2) to be searched out, to be de* 
viied B^grjD B^gQ devised plan Ps. 
64,7 (Eng. Bible: a diligent search). 

Hithp. B^gnrin to disguise one- 
self, to be changed (prop, to let 
oneself be sought; comp. Pu) 

onnB Dn:9 B^s^ji h^^f B^gnn;j 

and Saul disguised himself, and 
put on other garments IS.28,8; 
I^W'^S? ngB3 B^gnTO and ho dis- 
guised himself with a head-cover- 
ing over his eyes IK.20,38; nVa'J? 
^tpU7 B^gnil^. by the great force 
[of disease] my garment (i. e. 
skin) is changed Jb.30,18. 

Z^Sn (from B^gn) m. device, plan 

(prop, something searched out) 
Ps.64,7 (see B^gn Pu. 2). 

tPSn Ij Ges. a. Fuerst: to stretch 

- T 

out, to spread out, whence B^gn .— 

V I 

V I 



2) to be freej only Pu. B^gfl to be 
set free, to be freed H^^H iJ*? she 
was not freed Lev.19,20. 

t^£n (from rep 1; sf ^5*9n) m. 1) 
a spreading out HJ? u ^SP ^!!^$ 

• • • • • 

outspread coverings for riding 
Ez.27,20 (Eng. Bible: precious 
clothes for chariots). — 2) couch 
(prop, spreading out) '•B^Sn 0^083 
my couch is among the dead (Bng. 
Bible: free among the dead). 

ntysn f. freedom, release Lev,19,20. 

n^STfin , n^B^?n /*. prop, stretching, 
prostration, hence: iT'tfjnn n^J 
a sick-house, a hospital 2K.15,5; 

'&'Sn {pi, CB^SP) adj. 1) free from 
service VJngt) ^^%n ISS the serv- 
ant is free from his master Jb. 

3,19; ''e^§n rh^ or ^^^rh n^p to 

let go free Deut.15,12; Ex.21,26; 
"•f^pp «v; or '•f^JJn!? KJp; to go out 
free, to be set free Ex.21, 2 a. 5. — 
2) exempt from taxes IS. 17,25. 

Xn (from {^Vp ; sf. ^!ff? , IJtP ; pi 
D^Vn , c. 7P , 8f. Tl^yn , once Tl^Vjq) 
m. 1) arrow Lam.3,12; with HV : 
to shoot an arrow 2K.19,23; ^?.K3 
D^5fn masters of arrows, i. e. arch- 
ers Gen.49,23; fig, of lightning: 
TJ^XP TK the light of thy arrows 
Hab3,ll; ^3^np: 71>V.?D «1« thine 
arrows (i.e. lightnings) also went 
abroad Ps.77,lS; also poet evil, 
calamity, infliction, disease ^YH 
D"^V^n ^y^p the evil arrows (ca- 
lamities) of famine £z.5.16; ^Xp 

^IB^ the arrows (inflictions) of the 
Almighty Jb 6,4; ^VP ^^^\} ace. 
Fuerst: my disease is deadly Jb. 
34,6 (Eng. Bible: my wound Is 
Incurable); DTR ^^rj T5?*r< I will 
make mine arrows drunk with 
blood Deut.32,42; f*ntj; V^n] and 
he shall pierce them through with 
his arrows Num.24,8 (Ges.: he 
doth shake his arrows in blood; 
see{^Cl9-2).— 7n IS.20,36 forf^n .- 
!i) riVD rn IS 17,7 ace. Ges.: the 
point of a spear; but ace. Kri and 
in parallel passages 2S.21,19 and 
lChr.20,5, the reading is f*» *wood', 
i. e. staff or handle of a spear. 

3Sn, 3xn (/u«. ivp:; pt. axn and 
yfXi , pi D^jVn 5 pt p. ^ivg , pi. 

C'J^Yn) 1) to cut, to hew, to cleave 
^V^ ""MS ^^Vpfz to hew squared 
stones 'lChr.22,2; nn^tSfi Hjyp 
n^)^ she hath hewn her seven 
pillars Pr.9,1; h^ \];)in IRfOiq 
^2 nx'nn shall the ax boast itself 
against him that heweth there- 
with? ls.10,15; of wells, pits or 
mines: to dig Ig^R D'^^VD rilb^ 
Q55fP"^' and wells digged, which 
thou diggedst not Deut. 6, 11; 

nB»n; ivpn pn'^ and of its 

hills thou may est dig brass ^,9; 
poet, of lightning: nbn^ yfn '•1 Sip 
B^U the voice of the Lord clcav- 

eth the flames of fire (i. e. ace. Ges.: 
sends forked lightnings) Ps.29.7.— 
2) fig, to cut oflT, to kill ^n55?n 
D'»K'^5^3 I cut them off by prnph 
ets (1. e. ace. Ges.: I announce to 

T T 



them death and destruction) Hos. 

Niph, 3Vnj to be cut, to be gra- 
ven l^nVniS^YS ng^ that they be 
graven in the rock for ever Jb. 

Pu, iyn to be hewn out; fig, 
DTiayn I^V' ^S ^D'«2n look unto the 
rock whence yo are hewn 18.51,1. 

Hiph. i^ynri to cut, to slay; pt 
/". ^DD nS^cian that hath cut 
Rahab (Egypt) Is.51,9. 

nsn (fiu. nxm, ap. Yn'j v to di- 

vide n>:vjei 1^3 ^n^Vni shall they 

• • • • • • 

divide hiin amon^ merchants? Jb. 
40,30; D'^C^kSn n^':?*S DVn?.l and 

• • • • • • 

he divided them into three com- 
panies Jud.9,43. — 2) to halve, to 
divide into two parts "DtJ J^njJ 

niano V.C^*? •••D?D and he divided 
• • • • 

the people into two bands Gen. 
32,S; nte^55n nK n^Vni and divide 
the prey into two parts Num.31, 
27; Dnc^B^ ^Vn\ «S they shall not 

• • • • • 

halve their days (i. e. they shall 
not live out half their lives) Ps. 
55,24; nyn; 1«JV Ti [the stream] 
shall divide him even to the neck 
i. e. rise to the neck and there 
divide him as it were into two 
parts ls.30,28 (Erg. Foible: shall 
reach to the midst of the nock); 
.m]P n-'Vn.e nvn to divide off a 
half from.!. Num 31,42. 

Niph. nvn.) (fnt nw, ap. f^m) 
to be divided n'nn I^aiK^ mil 

D'.??*? and it shall be divided 
toward the four winds (directions) 

of heaven Dan.11,4; llj; ^Vnj.N*?] 
ni3l?pD''nDS neither shairthey 
be divided into two kingdoms 
any more Ez 37,22; H^ni Hjn ^ VRM 
and they were divided hither and 
thither 2K.2,8. 
llSn pr. n. 1) a Canaanitish city 

which later came in possession 
of the tribe of Naphtali Jos.11,1, 
etc.— 2) a city in Benjamin Neh. 
11,33.— 3) two cities in Judah 
Jos.15,23 a. 2j; one is called also 
]nVn V. 25.— 4) a region of 
Arabia on the other side of the 
Euphrates Jer.49,28. 

nrnn llSn (New Hazor) pr. n. a 

city in Juda Jos.15,25, si called 
to distinguish it from l^vn 15,23. 

msisn see nijvvq . 

niXn (c. mVi\ /-. half, middle n^VQa 

n^Jv about the middle of the 
night (midnight) Ex.1 1,4. 

••Sn , ^ '•vn {8f. i>vn , ^rvG) m. half, 

middle, midst nsxn '•Vn half a 
cubit IK.7,25; ^VDJ '"^f^ a cubit 
and a half Ex.25, 10; ."T?:^:} ^Vn3 
in the middle of the night (at 
midnight) 12,29; VD;''Vn.3 in the 
midst of his days Jer.l7,llj ^^:Vg 
half of us 2S.18,3.— '•yn 18.20, 
36 = f n , which see. 

ninJSn ^Sn pr. n. a place in 

Judah lChr.2,52; (ace. some a 
name of a person)} geviJt. ^Onjgn ^^Q 
V. 25. 
TSn w. 1) grass, herbage Jb.8,12; 
hay 40,15; leek, coll, leeks Num. 

I »!•• 

193 *isn 

11,5; c. n^^J *l^Yn the grass on the 
house-tops Is. 3*7, 27; Ps. 129, 6.— 
2) = 'iXtJ enclosure, court np^Hl 

njsi niiji? Tyn d^^o ni; it shaii 

• • • • ■ 

be an habitation for dragons, and 
a court for owls 18.34,13; Hi;? 

^^^'^iJ^^pJ? "^'Vg n>f5T L^in in the 

habitation of dragons, where each 
lay, shall be a court for reeds 
and rushes 35,7. 

"Rtn {sf. ^y^^) m. bosom, lap (others: 

'arm) ngi:? mnnxp ifij «^D N^t? 

wherewith the mower fllleth 

not his hand; nor he that bindeth 

sheaves his bosom Ps.129,7 

^Xn^=]?;n)m,arm,bo8om,lap ^X^?n] 

lyn? !i:i3 they shall bring thy 
sons in their arms ls.49,22; «/". 
'»n'12J ^JXn-D| also 1 shook my 
lap Neh.5,13. 

ft'Sn Ch, to be severe. — Aph. pt. 
KlXrjnp a. fc<gyr;iD severe, strict, 
urgent Dan.2,15; 3,22. 

I^Sn (akin to nVH; pt. Y^P) to 
divide, to form divisions or bands 

^ Y)ih HTX r^syh ]>« tj^^ the 

locusts have no Iving, yet they go 
forth all of them in bands (di- 
visions) Pr.30,27. 

Pi. Y^U to divide; j?e. pi D'^VVOP 
those who divide the flocks Jud. 

5,15 (Puerst: those marching in 


bands, comp. fVn above; older 
interpreters; archers, as den. from 
rn).— Perhaps D^Vyn? is for 
Qn.VVnO 'trumpeters'', which 
vould suit the context vci-y well; 

thus: D^ D^?K?^B ^3 D^VDP ^^p9 
l\ riplV ^30^.* louder than the 
voice of the trumpeters in the 
places of drawing water, there 
shall they rehearse the righteous 
acts of the Lord. 

Fu. Y%n^ to be cut off, to be 

shortened Nvyn rbnn IgCpi when 
• • • • * • » 

the number of his months are cut 
off Jb.21,21 (Ges.: divided out, al- 

Y^n m. IJ fragment, gravel-stone 

\^ pvn5 ClZl he hath broken 
my teeth with gravel-stones Lam. 
3.16; f^Vn in>9 KJ^p: his mouth 
shall be filled wit^j gravel Pr.20, 
17. - 2) =Y^ arrow; only pi sf. 
T,V.5fn thy arrows {poet, for light- 
nings) Ps.77,18. 

1DR"('SXn pr. n. a city on the 

T T : - 

western shore of the Df\ d Sea, 

famous for its palm-trees Gen. 
14,7j afterwards '•If!..]^?. 2Chr.20,2. 

IX^n redupl from IVQ , which see. 

ms:jn (from ixn 2; pi ninyvn) f, 

T« ••• • • • 

trumpet Num.10,2; Hos.5,8. 
*nn 1) to surround, to enclose, 

whence IVn a. T'Vfl ^.— 2) to be 
green, whence TVn 1. — 3) to 
sound, whence redupl n^VVQ. 

PL yfn (dm. from nnvvQ) to 
blow the trumpet; onlypf. D'^'^yniJ 
(Ktib D'^IVYTO) the trumpeters 

Hiph. TVnri same as Pi.; only 
pt DnVnO (Ktib D'^WDS) IChr. 
15,24 and in other passages. 




'«n (from nxp 1; c niTC! ; pt 0^X0 , 
c.' ••tlVD a. nilXn , c. rfnVD) com. 
i; court, yard, enclosure n^3 *11EQ 
«1^?D the court of the king's 

Souse Est. 5,1; nntegn nvq the 

court of the prison Jer.32,8;n11VD? 
••ttn.p in the courts of my holiness 
ls.62,9.- 2) village, town Sjl 

n|8n nnvn rfa^w npB on^nvn 

and all their villages that were 
round about these cities lGhr.4, 

33; 2^ri onvq viri. n^ntj \h^: 

•nip let the wilderness and the 
cities thereof lift up their voices, 
also the villages which Kedar 
inhabiteth Is. 42, 11; Dnn.VD? 
DflTpjl by their towns, and by 
their castles Gen.25,16. — 3) in 
geographical names: ]^D^J?n *1XP 
(the middle village), a place on 
I he borders of Hauran Ez.47,16.— 
nij •^VQ a city in Judah Jos. 15, 
27.- VlK IVq a village on the 
border of Judah Num.SM.- '^W. 


.19^0 Jos.19,5 a. D^'pID IVQ IChr. 
4,31, a village in Simoon.- ItQ 
]fV Nura.34,9; Ez.48,1 = \\:''V. nVQ 
Ez.47,17, a village on the north- 
em border of Palestine.— *lVn 


hv\Vf a place in Simeon Jos.lS, 

28 etc. 
V\yir} pr. n. 1) son of Reuben Gen. 

46,9; pair. '•jhVO Num.16,6.— 2) 

son of Perez Gen.46,12.— S) a 

city in Judah Jos.15,3 = 1'vn 

V. 25. 
nnsn jw. n. a station of tho Is- 

raelites in the desert Num.11 35. 

^*lSn pr» n. w. 

ri'lD^Sn (court of death) pr. n. son 
viT :--: 

of the Arabian progenitor Joktan 
Gen. 10,26. A district in Arabia 
situated on the Indian Ocean and 
noted for the insalubrity of its 
climate still bears the name 

pn see pV.' 

pn (from pjig; "pil, af, ^gn, DJpn; 
pi. D''i5n , c. '•[50) m. i; decree, stat- 
ute, law, custom nbgl K?! lOJ"?!} 
he hath made a decree which 
shall not pass Ps.148,6; '•Jl?!? 7[^^n 
teach me thy statutes 119,64; of 
the laws of nature: llj©^ infe^gj 
ph when he made a law for the 
rain Jb.28,26; ^JJ??^!? p^r^r^Ol and 
it was a custom in Isruel Jud. 
11,39.— 2) limit, bound O^h iDltT^ 
ipn when he gave to the sea itb 
bounds Pr.8,29; pn ''Sj*? n^9 n-iaj^ 
and she opened her mouth with- 
out bound Is.5,14.— 5; appointed 
share, task '•fsn DnS '•Jp.nen let 
me eat the share of bread ap- 
pointed unto me Pr.30,8; ikh r^lQ 
Djpn DiJ^^J wherefore have ye 
not fulfilled your task? Ex5,14, 

pinn (= Pi2.n) to cut into, to carve, 
to engrave {Kal not used). 

Pu npn ipt. nj^riD) to b^3 on- 

graved, to be carved "7g ^[snij 
T'pn engraved (Eng. BiblA: por- 
trayed; upon the wall Ez.8,10; 

riDnan-br ne^^p nnr ngyi and he 

cov'ered Ithenil with gold fitted 




upon the carved work IK.6,35. 

Hithp. n^nrp {fut, nj^nn^j to 

set a mark or limit ^i'n''5?15r hv 

• • • 

•'l&DOC' around the roots (soles) 
of my feet thou settest a mark 
Jb. 13,27. 

npn (= pn , c. njsn ; pi, n*^pr\) f, 

ordinance, statute, law, custom 

ye shall have one ordinance, botli 
for the stranger, and for him that 
was born in the land Num.0,14; 
tiy\y njin a perpetual statute Lev. 
3.17; of the laws of nature: tVpr\ 

Y^)iX^'!}^^ ^^^ ordinances (laws) 
of heaven and earth Jer.33,25; of 
moral laws: itn D'^nn ntens if 
he walk in the statutes of life 

Kflffin pr, n. m. Ezr.2,&l. 

pj^n (= np^n; 2 pipn, sf. Ti^rpD; 
pt- pjp ; pt. p. p'^p^ ) imp, 8f. npn ; 

inf. pn, 8f, ipn) 1) to cut, to en- 
grave, to inscribe, to draw, to 
markiS ]|?*D yi?§5 ^pjjn who cut- 
tcth out in the rock a habitation 
for himself 18.22,16^ r\pn Igp. Sgl 
and inscribe it in a book 30,8; 
Dino '»je"^S ^^n ipn? when he 
drew a circle over the face of 
the deep Pr.8,27.— 2) to pre- 
scribe, to decree ]JK ^p.|?D D^'^pnn 
those that decree decrees of un- 
righteousness Is. 10, 1; hence pt 
ppT^ judge, ruler Jud.5,9. 

Ft. pph (fvA. pph?) to inscribe 
laws, to decree D^X PPn! D^Jpl 
and princes decree justice Pr.8, 

Ift; pt pphp a) lawgiver I&.33,22; 
Ps.60,9, hence: governor, ruler 
Jud.5.14. 6^ scepter Gen.49,10;Num. 
21,18: D{1J.¥e^P? Pifn?? with the 
scepter, with their staves. 

Ptt. p|in prop, to be engraved, 
hence: to be decreed, ordained; 
jrf. pi?nP what is ordained, i. e, 
a law Pr.31,5. 

Hoph. pn^n {f%d. pn^) to be en- 
graved, inscribed ^pn?1 18^3 jflPP 
oh that they were inscribed (Eng. 
Bible: printed) in a bookl Jb. 

ppn (only c. pi. "'p.fjll) m. decree 

Iv? '•p.p.C decrees of unrigh- 
teousness Is. 10,1; fig, 3 S " ^ p.p IJ 
decrees of the heart Jud.5,15 (Eng. 
Bible: thoughts of heart), 
ppn, pp^n pr. n. a city on the 

border between Asher and Naph- 
tali Jos. 19,34; lChr.5,60 = r\p^^ 
Jo8.21,31 a. njjSD 10,25. 

*1 p rj) to make search, to search 
out, to explore, to examine, to 

sound :jC5;n rh^^\ nipni n^^^^ 

.... ^.-^ . ^ :1-t: t : -• t: 

then shall thou inquire, and make 
search, and ask diligently Deut. 

13,15; ipin KH rri^rr^^h he 

searcheth out all peifection Jb. 
28,3; IJ-J ipn D'»5Sp lU?the hon- 
or of kings is to search out a 
matter Pr.25,2; K>'n-n« hrh 

'^?i?Tf^ *^ spy out the land and 
to search it Jud.18,2; TlK. ipntj'**? 
'^^^ when I have sounded my 
father IS.20,12; tS^^tJ 1'»i''85 Djp 





^npn** pjn Sll 'T'B^r the rich man 
is wise in his own eyes; but the 
poor man that hath understand- 
ing searcheth him out (i. e. de- 
tects him) Pr.21,Il. 

Niph. Ijjni to be searched out, 
to be ascertained Si!?? "^uHi ^^ 
npn^n the weight of the copper 
was not ascertained (found out) 
IK.7,47; nS 'ne^^ ^'^i?n:.; and if 
the foundations of the earth can 
be searched out Jer.31,36. 

Pi. 1^T\ to find out, to seek out 
^Ijjni ]JK1 he gave good heed, and 
sought out Ec.12,9. 

Ipn ipl c. ^niPP) *»• searching out, 
examination D"5^2?*l|tn the search- 
ing out of their honor Pr.25,27 
(see also under T^J); '^^U pS 
no searching out, i. e. unsearch- 
able 25,3; ^pn-«Sl nc* 1650 the 
number of his years are unsearch- 
able Jb.36,26; 2h nj^n the eearch- 
ings (deliberations) of the heart 
Jud.5,16.— 2) object of searching, 
depth, secret D%1Jn ^(^n the depth 
of the abyss Jb.38,16; fig. Ij^n 
•T^K the secret about God 11,7. 

^h see *l^n 1. a. II. 
^n see "l^n II. a. TH II. 

Jt*in to clean from dirt, whence 

• I • • • 

X^n »». excrement, dung; only pL 

'sf. DH'^Wnn = DH'^Kin their own 
dung Is.36,12, for which DH^in 
= Dnnn 2K.18,27. The Kri has 
euphomistically Dflfr^iV whose 

vowels (^^*) are put to the words 
in the text. 

3^n (fut, mm.; imp. f. '»?nn) i) 

intr. to dry up, to be dried up, 
to be wasted n§5 ^Sfi Q!?? ^^IP 
the waters were dried up off the 
earth Gen.8,13; trail ^lO.l.'^?}! and 
the river shall be wasted and 
dried up Is.19,j; of a country: to 
be waste or desolate Tlv ^lilp 
y^U^ from generation to gene- 
ration it shall lie waste ls.34,10; 
of a nation: to be destroyed D^.^ilH 
U*in'» i'ln the nations shall be 

tv:y t 

Utterly destroyed ls.60,12.— 2) tr. 
to waste, to destroy DXD? ^'^D 
D'TtlQ^ waste and utterly destroy 
after them Jer.50,21; H^^g h^ ^i^n 
destroy (slay) all her bullocks 
v. 27. 

Niph. 2'^r\i 1) to be laid waste 

• • • 

^yy^i 'T'5? a desolate city Ez.26, 
19, pi. mnini Cnr desolate cities 
30,7.— 2) 10 destroy one another, 
to fight together C?^?!] U^rji 
the kings destroyed one another 

Pu. 2y\ to be dried D'»n!? onf)] 
uSn"l<S *15?K moist cords whicll 
have not been dried Jud.16,7 a. 8. 

Riph. 2'^nn 1) to dry up 5^0^ 
p; I dry up the sea Is.50,2.— 2) 
to lay waste, to destroy D?^n?l 
yy}J!i and he laid waste their 
cities li:z.l9,7; ^VTl^ ^''105 the 
destroyer of our country Jud.16, 
24; Dl^iin"nK ♦MUnOn they have 

• • • • 

destroyed... the nations 2K.19,17. 




Hoph. ^^nn 1) to be laid waste 
n^pnn HK^P^JJ I win be filled, 
now she is laid waste Ez.26,2; 
ninpno ony cities that are laid 
waste Ez.29,12. — 2) to destroy 

one another n^;ht$n uinj i^inn 

■ • • • • T ^ • 

the kings have surely destroyed 
one another 2K.3,23. 

3^n (= Heb. niO) Ch. to lay 
waste.- i?opA. -^^nn to be laid 

• • • 

waste, destroyed. 

y^n adj. 1) dry Lev.7,10; f. r\yy^n^ 

a dry morsel Pr.17,1.— 2) waste, 
desolate Dl.^ l-^KQ KH ^-in it is 
desolate without man Jer.33,10; 

r\yr\ ^pi» nnjp n*"?. the place 

• • • • ■ 

of my fathers' tombs is desolate 
Neh.2,3; pi. f. rflllinn 0^?? the 
desolate cities £z.36,35. 

yn {pi. ninnn, c. nuin) /*. i; 

VI V ^ ^ ' 

= i^'n drought, dryness Deut.28, 
22; consumption Zch.l 1, 1 7 (Stb. ).— 
2) sword (prop, destruction) Pj^tf 
3'3n drawing a sword Jud.8,10; 
n*in '»jpS with the edge of the 

• • • 

sword 2K.15,14. — 3) any sharp 
instrument: razor Ez.5,1; knife 
(of stone) Jos 5,2; ax Ez.26,9. 

3nn, i'^.^n j>r. n, Horeb, a peak of 

Mount Sinai Ex 3,1; also general 
name f(»r the whole mountain, 
where the law was given to Moses 
Deut. 1,6 a. 4,10. 

3*)n w 1) drynesr, drought Jud. 

6,37; heat ls.25,4.— 2) desolation, 
waste yyn ^*\g cities of desola- 
tion (i. e. waste cities) 18.61, 4; 2nn 

np^l^ a waste of desolation Kz. 

n^Ti ipl nunn , c, nuin) f. i) 

desert, waste P^KH n\nn n^^nh 
the land shall be a waste Jer.7, 
34; D^lp ^^^1^? the waste places 
of old Is.58,12; n^D^ n^'n rfDig 
deserts of desolation Ez.29,10.— 
^; desolation, ruin n^J^n nii'inm 
and the ruins shall be rebuilt 
Ez.36,10; IdS rfiin Q-'Jan who 
build up ruins (i. e. places soon 
to be ruined) ^r themselves Jb. 

3,14; ^h;iH^ n^^} d**™ ninnni and 

• • • 

the ruins of the fat ones shall 
strangers eat Is.5,17. 

ri2^n f. dryness, dry land Gen.7, 
22.— n^nnn Ez.26,2 belongs to 
^TiQi which see. 

]l3*in J». heat, drought; |)i. c. \j^iin 

}^)p^ the drought (or heat) of 

summer Ps.32,4. 
NJU^n pr, n. Persian eunuch Est. 

y\n (fut. jini) to tremble IJ^rP 

Dn^{3n^55D they shall tremble 

• • • 

out of their close places Ps.l8, 
46 (in the parallel passage 2S. 
22,46 niimi ; see n^R). 

/S*)n w. species of locust. 

*nn {fut. 13.n;.) l) to tremWe, to 


be afraid n*?nj ni^n pnr i^nn 

and Isaac trembled very exceeil- 
ingly Gen.27,33; '•2^ IIH"^ ax?^ 

• • • • 

at this my heart trcmbleth Jb. 
and they trembled, saying one 




to another Gen.42^8.— 2) to start, 
to hasten D.nyPP "I^BP ^liD.'. 

• • • • • 

they shall hasten as birds out 
of Egypt Hos. 11,11;; D^JJ nTQ.J 
QVp the children shall hasten 
from the west v 10; Hirj Dgn h^) 
V^QS and all t!ie people followed 
him hastily 1 S. 13,17; "^Jj?! nnn.M 
inKJp^ 'T'yn and the elders of 
the town came hastily to meet 
him 16,4; with hv^ : to be anxious, 
f.o care for h^TWf^ ^r^R rfnn ^in 
ni<!n ni'jnn thou hast cared for 
us with all this care 2K.4,13. 

rify, to make afraid in« ''PISDDJ 
and I will terrify him 28.17,2; 
'^''10.8 TK none shall make you 
afraid Lev.26,6. 
7in (pi. DHTO «?/. J^^ trembling 

••T • 

n^ni KT '»p whosoever is fear- 
ful and afraid Jud.7,3.- 2) to be 
anxious (with hv) nng ^^l? .TiJ ^5 

D'^H^^K r*^8 ^J? for his heart was 
• • • • 

anxious for the ark of Qod 1S.4, 
13.— 5) revering, reverent (with 

^8 , *?B or 3) ^39-1 hv nig who 

is revering my word Is.66,2 (with 

*?» V. ft); ^rni^K niVP? D^inoD 

• » « • • • 

those who are revering the com- 
mandment of our God Ezr.10,3. 
1"in , "l^^lQ pr w. a place in Gilboa 
with a fountain ilQ TV. Jud.7,1; 
gent, "^liq 28.23,25. 

mnn (c hnu ; i>i. ninnn) f. 1) 

T T -: 

terror, fear, consternation rilTQ 

C:jS the fear of man Pr 29,2*5; 
with nig : to tremble pgVl "^IClll 

Ttrn^ nn^n and Isaac trembled 
greatly Gen.27,33; D%1*?K DlID 
a terror of God, 1. e. great con- 
sternation 18.14,15.— 2) anxiety, 
care (see lig ^).— 3) pr. n. a 
station of the Israelites in the 
desert Num.33,24. 

n^^in) to burn, to glow, to be 
kindled, to be wrath H'jg D^in^^n, 
^^. was the Lord wroth against 
the rivers? Hab.3,8: \^ Dp« nnCfi 
when their wrath was kindled 
! against us P8.124,3; .Tjn D-'rng-^g 
^^i< min*3 anger was kindled 
against the shepherds Zch.10,3.— 
2) to be wroth, to be angry rnj7 

^T ^IQ ^^y *'*' *'^°^ wroth? Gen, 
• 4,6; D5'»a^5!3 'nnv^g be not angry 

with yourselves 45,5. 
I Niph, ^*^^^ to be angry, to be 

incensed ^?-nnj ^m 'A? my 
mother's children were angry 
with me Cant.1,6; pt pL. D'^in^O 
I ?I^ they that were incensed against 
thee 13.41,11. 

' -R. nnnn {fvt. rrnno:) to rival, 

to contend n^2 n^nnp n^K •»? 

because thou rivallest with cedar 
. buildings Jer.22,15;-n(<n'3ni3^ TS 

Cp^DH how canst thou contend 

with horses? 12,5. 

Riph. ninn (/ut. nx! , o.p. nni) 

1) to kindle, to stir up (anger) 
^B8 ''!;!? "IQll he hath kindled his 
wrath against me Jb.19,11.— 2) 
to act with ardor, to be zealous 

' 1^5 pnrjn n-ngn '»^^n» after him 



Baruch zealously repaired Neh. 

HUhp, ninfin (/w. ap. inr»:) to 

fret oneself, to be angry ini'Tri"*?|jr 
Vy}) ^^ fret not thyself In any 
wise' to do evil Ps.37,8; with 3 : 
D7n$5 "inon hn fret not thyuelf 
because of evil-doers v. 1 
n\1*in pr, n. m. 

• • • 

nnn see iin. 

tnn (only pi. D\?nD) w. string of 

T • 

pearls or corals Cant. 1,10. 
h^n ipl D^^nn) m. thorn, nettle 

D^^'?n ^^^^ ^D| nettles had covered 
its face Pr.24,31. 
TO^^n pr, n. w. Neh.3,10. 

]nn tfrom rrjn ; c. ]iin ; |>L D^jliq) 

m. 1) heat, glow, burning; usually 
of anger: ^8"]^^r! the glow of 
anger, i. e. fierce wrath Lam.4, 
11; also without f\H: "hv ]1ip 
h^'yp] wrath upon Israel Neh. 13, 
18; pi 8f. ?l^iiiq n^V '^^ thy 
fierce wrath goeth over nie Ps. 
88,17. — 2) something burning 
^1VI?\ ]iip-to? '»n-^D| he shall 
sweep them awaj% both the green 
and the burning (wood) Ps.58,10 
(others: while yet raw, hardly 
warmed, shall they be swept 
]1in pr. n. a place in Ephraim; 
gent ^Jlh Neh.2,10. 

n'y\in see orrin . 

•r- ' 

P^n 1. (from f^DQ) adjlj decided, 
decreed, determined pip Ji'^^J 

destruction decreed Is. 10,22; D^yi'lQ 


1**^^ his days are determined Jb. 
14,5; as n.: decision. Judgment 
ping p^V the valley of judg- 
ment (i. e. of punishment) Jo.4, 
14.— ^; sharp, pointed pin :iiD8 
sharp threshing instrument Is 41, 
15; hence pin a threshing in- 
strument 28,27; pi. hpz^ n^y^n 

threshinginstrumentsof iron Am. 
1,3 (comp. f^nn ^).- 3) ace. Stb. 
shining D'»tp-'»^.8 pin IfiT. he lieth 

• • • 

shining in the mire Jb.41,22(Eiig. 
Bible: he spreadeth sharp pointed 
things upon the mire); poet, shin 
ing gold, fine gold Pr.3,14 etc.— - 
4) eager, industrious, diligent 
pig Ijj; D7«-]1n; the substance 
of a diligent man is precious Pr. 
12,27j IQiDS-TlK rnn nlit^TO the 
thoughts of the diligent tend only 
to plenteousness 21,5;|>Z.D''V^in T1 
T^V.D but the hand of the dili- 
gent maketh ric|i 10,4.— 5> maimed 
(of animals) Lev.22,22, 

l^r.n 1.. «: moat, ditch Dan. 9,26i 

pin WL pr.n m. 2 K. 21, 19. 

nn to arrange, hence D^^IC]. 
l^mn pr. n. m. 

Dnnn pr. n. 2K.22,14 = n^:;n 2Chr 

*imn {redupl. from IIP) ♦»»■ in flam 

mation, fever. 
Bin (akin to nip) to dig into, to 

engrave, to inscribe, whence D^[T.i 

Dbin . 

Din prop, graving-tool , chisel. 




style, hence: manner of writing, 
characters e^^JK t5lG5 with a man's 

• 5 • • • 

writing (i. e. in common charac^ 
ters) Is.8,1. 
Db^n (from Din; pi D^atpIO, c. 

"•gDiri) m. sacred scribe, sage, 
interpreter of the law in Egypt 
Gen.41,8 and Babylonia Dan.2,2 
a. 2,10. 
^•^n (from n*in) m. heat (if anger 

• • 

eiK->'n^3 for the fierce anger Is. 1,4. 

v'^PI t». 1) white bread (from TO ^) 

^in '•^D baskets with white bread 
• •• ^ 


^^h pr. n. 1) a people who anciently 


inhabited Mount Seir Gen. 14,6 
and were afterwards conquered 
by the Edomites Deut.2,12.— 2) 
name of two persons mentioned 
in Gen.36,2 a. Num.13,5. 

D^3? nn (from \r\r\) m. pi doves' 
• ••— • 

dung 2k.6,25; in Kri D''J^^31 , which 

!a''*in (from Din to dig into; pZ. 

D^tD^nn^ t». pocJiet, bag, purse 2K. 

5,23; l8.3,22. 
f^y^ pr.n.m. Neh.7,24 = Hli^ Ezr. 

2,l8; gerd, '•SnC! IK. 12,5. 
P*in w». 1) cutting, slice, piece; only 

pi c. n^nn ^vnn rr\Ti the ten 

cuttings of milk-curds, i. e. chcses 
IS. 17,18.— 2) =pin pointed 
threshing instrument 2K.12,31. 
2?^*in »H. ploughing IS.8,12; time of 


ploughing Ex.34,2I. 
'*tr''*in adj. sultry, hot (prop, silent. 

still); f, D'^E^nn D'lii D^ld hot east 
wind Jon.4,8. 

"nnn I. to wind, to twist, whehoe 

"n^lH H. (/w^. H'^E) to catch; others: tc 
roast (=Ch. ?lin); .TDI ilQl-KS 
ITX sloth (i.e. the slothful man) 
catcheth (or: roasteth) not his 
game Pr.12,27. 

^*)n (from Tlin 1.) m. lattice, win- 
dow-lattice; only |>l. D "in Cant. 

"nnn Ch. to singe, to burn.— lihp, 

TjSrint? to be singed (of the hair) 
Dan 3,27. 

7^n ace. Stb. to be entangled, to 
grow wild, hence 7^in. 

y^n see Snn . 

T ^ 

Q*in 1) to shut up, to shut in, to 

draw in, hence Cjni a. Din — 
2) to shut up from common* use, 
hence Din 2,— 3) = 3in to de- 

jiiph. Dnnn (/wf. Dnnii D^n^j i 

inf. Dinn , DnaO) i; = :i'»inn to 

. . L * * * 

dry up, to destroy ^^.Q"^?? ^nHilJ 
he destroyed with the edge of the 
sword IS.15,8; Dri1{< Dinjl and 
we destroyed them Deut.3,6; imp, 
Dinn\ iirj waste and destroy 
Jor.50,21; of water: to dry up 

DMVP'Dl r»^ m. \: onClOl and 
the Lord shall destroy (i. e. dry 
up) the tongue of the Egyptian 
Sea Is. 11,15.— 2) to devote, to 
consecrate C^\S DTJl ^^\i D'JD ^^ 




^^!l any devoted thing, that a man 
shall devote unto the Lord Lev. 

27,28; Dyv? ^^ji '•/nonnni i will 

consecrate their gain unto the 
Lord Mic.4,13. 

Hoph. Dinn {fut onnM to be 

devoted or forfeited, to be con- 
demned iC^OV^S Dim all his 
substance should be forfeited Kzr. 
i0,8; D^n;^ D\iSKS DSr he that 
sacrificeth unto other Gods, shall 
be condemned Ex.22,19; D'nn"S| 
DlKn"]D Din^ltfg any one con- 
demned, who shall be condemned 
[to deatb] among men Lev.27,29. 
Bin pr. n. a city in Naphtali. 


Din , once D:5n {sf. "«i?ng , iono ; 


pi. D^D^JO) 1) curse, destruction 

Din n.'J'T'^S 'OSni I will smite 
the earth with a curse Mal.3,24; 
^Pin V^H the man I have doomed 
lo destruction IK.20,42; '»t?in 08 
the people I have doomed to de- 
struction Is.34,5. — 2) of property: 
. something devoted or forfeited 
;':!2 e^'^K cnq! '^9S n^rr^^ any de- 
voted thing that a man shall de- 
vote unto the Lord Lev.27,28; 
Din 'T'VD nO^^l and the city shall 
be devoted (forfeited) Jos.6,17.— 

5) net iDin^ Tiy) they shall 
• • • ■ 

catch them in their net Hab.1,15; 
rn; D'^Dini niD^D they shall be 
a place to spread forth nets Ez. 
47,10; fig. D^ivp K'^I IS'B ^fVQ 

• • • • T 

0^9*3.01 the woman, whose heart 
is snares and nets Ec.7,26. 

Din , Dnp (prop, pt, p. of Din i) 

adj. Hat-nosed Lev.21,18. 
HD^n pr, n. a Canaanltish city, 

anciently called ngy Jud.1,17; it 
belonged to the tribe of Judah 
Jos.15,30, then to the tribe of Si 
meon 19,4. 
]lDin pr. n. highest ridge of the 

Antllibanus in the north-east of 
Palestine Jos.11,17 and the ex- 
treme boundary of Israel east of 
Jordan 12,1; Dcut.3,8; there were 
several such ridges, wherefore the 
pi D'^jiDlG Ps.42,7. 

a^D^n w. a sickle Deut.16,9. 

• • • •• 

pn pr, n. 1) a city in the north- 
west of Mesopotamia Gen.11,31, 
etc. — 2) name of a person IChr. 

D^3*in pr. n. a city in Moab to the 


sout-east of the Dead Sea l8.15,5; 
gent. '»}hn Neh.2,10. 

Dnn , fe^in 1) to shine, to glitter. — 
2) to be rough, scabby. — 5) to 
be tough, viscous (of clay). 

D^n L (from D*in 1) m. 1) the sun 


Jb.9,7.— 2) (from Din 2) scab, 
itch Deut.28,27. 
Din II. pr, n. a place east of Jor- 


dan Jud.8,13;8ee also Din DlDn. — 
Some interpreters read in Is. 19, 
18 Din for D^nj see the latter 

HDin (= Din I.) t». the aun Jud. 

^ • • • I • 

mDin (Kri n'»51D) f. pottery (f^om 


Din 5) n^D'inn Igg^ the gate of 
potters Jer.19,2 (Eng. Bible: the 
east gate, taking ri^Din to mean 
the shining of the sun, from Din 1). 
t]nn (fut. ^lim ; pt. f\in ; inf, cjlQ) 
IJ to pull, to pluck (leaves, fruit), 


hence ^"jn antumn. — 2) to re- 
proach, to insult nj"} ^9in nj'»e^K1 
that I may answer him that ro- 
proacheth me Pr.27,11; ^inj."N7 
••{JJ!? ^5J^ my heart shall not re- 
proach me as long as I live Jb. 
27,6.— 3) den. from fQH to pass 
the autumn or winter, to winter 

^l^nn vSy Y'W ncni h^] and all 

the beasts of the field shall win- 
ter upon it Is.18,6. 

NipK TOi to be betrothed nfi':inj 
tS^^^7 betrothed to a husband Lev. 

Pi> «inn ifut. ^'in\ ; pt cinni? ; 
^f' ^IQ) V to reproach, to rail, 

to defy n{?y f\:in E^lS }^h he 

who mocketh the poor reproach- 
eth his maker Pr.17,5; n;>-«S 
''W.ID? it was not an enemy that 
reproached me Ps.55,13; with 7 : 

*?r?^tf : M^fi Xt ^nn^ to rail on 
the Lord God of Israel 2Chr.32, 
17; with 2 : D'»n?^':f3 Dgip? when 
they defied the Philistines 2S.23, 
9. — 2) to despise danger, to jeop- 
ard n^D^ itrW « nv a people 
that jeoparded their lives unto 
the death Jud.5,18. 

fnn pr. n. m. 

^inn (sf. "'pin) m. harvest-time. 



autumn, winteiCjSn^ Pj51 and sum- 
mer and winter Gen.8,22; rT'S 
^y^D the winter house Am.3,15.— 
2) prop, autumnal sowing, early 
germination, hence : fig, youth 
^?in •»D^5 in the days of my youth 

nS'in (c. nBiP) /*. i^ reproach, shame 
^:1 K%1 n§in-'»J for that were a 
reproach unto us Gen.34,14; H^K 
••OglDTK rj-^^JlK whither shall ^I 
cause my shame to go? 28.13,13; 
T]^B^^ 1g*8 D(Jpip the reproach, 
wherewith they have reproached 
thee Ps.79,12j .**hv n^^J) t^m to 
take up a reproach against... Ps. 
15,3; ng*]n^ ]n) to give up to re- 
proach Jo.2,17; nj'in ^QK to take 
away reproach Is.4,1; HgipS ii"»n 
to be an object of reproach Jer. 

6,10; pi nisin P8.69,ii, c. nifiin 

V. 10.— 2) fig, the female pudenda 
ls.47,3, where H^irj is a parallel 


pn {fut {^inj.) 1) to cut, to sharpen, 
whence pin 1; fig, to deceide JJ 

nyin nng Tje^pp so shall thy 

judgment be; thou thyself hast 
deceided it IK 20,40 (see pip ^).— 
2) to be sharp of color, to glitter, 
whence piPI 5.— 3) intr. to bestir 
oneself, (o be on the alert, whence 
pip 4; f^^nfj Tg then thou shalt 
bestir thyself 2S.5,24i tr. to stir, 
to move 7in?. tkh SkI?^: >),? ^2^? 
ij^B^I 3!?3 against all the children 

• • • 

of Israel shall not a dog move 





his tongue Ex.1 1,7 (others: sharp- 
en his tongue). 

N^h, l^ipj to be decided, de- 
creed; on\ypt f. npnj, c. nx.TinJ 

something decided, i. e. decision, 
decree: nV'jnjinSj destruction 
and decree,23;niDl5it2^ H V.'JQ.J 
decree of desolation Dan.0,26. 

^^n Ch. {def. Kp.n , 8f, nXIO ; pi 

rVin) w. loin Dan.5,6(=Heb.{^Sn). 

3Xnn (ace. Ges. = Ar. 31 Vn) to 
bind fast, whence ^fV^^. 

nZ'i'^n {pi. niavnO) /•. tight band, 

fetter ygl iT^VlO nrifi to loose 

•. • 

the bands of wickedness Is.58,6; 
fig, pang, pain Dfl^D^ ni^^^n ]•»« 
'.here are no pangs in their death 
Ps.73,4 (see also under A?^)* 
]Xin (from HQ 4; P^- D^ISIO) m. 
grape- kernel :ir nr\ D'»|VnnD from 

• • • 

the kernels to the husk Num.6,4. 

pnn (fut, pirp; pt pin) to gnash, 

to grind pySL ^^|^ he shall gnash 
with his teeth Ps. 112,10; also 
')''^B^3 Jb.16,9. 

inn (akin to n^n ; f. .Tjn , pi nn) 

tD burn, to glow ^T ''19 n'in-'»l?VS 
my bones are burned with heat 
Jb.30,30; YO^ '3?^'' ^*'n the inhabi- 
tants of the earth are burned 
(destroyed) l8.24,6; mm Dnn iro^ 

• • • • • 

npB^rjJ that the brass of it may 
be hot, and may glow Ez.24,11. 

NipK inp a. "inj (fut. in^) to 
be heated, burnt, scorched, dried 
rrjsV DO tf«9. n^BD inj the bellows 
are burned, the load is consumed 

of the flre Jer.6,29; ^Hfl^JB B^fi 
Vj'I flre hath devoured it, and 
it ia burned Ez.15.5; ''Jil^ ID J my 
throat is dried Ps.69,4. 

Pi. redupl. IDT? to kindle; inf, 
:i'T'in^n^ to kindle strife Pr. 
Tin m. only pi. D^ltlD sunburnt 


places, parched lands, deserts 

Jer 17,6. 
fcr^n same as D*in , which see. 
tr^n ( pi. n^Via . c. '•{?nn) m. sherd, 

VI V • • 

potsherd, earthenware, pottery 
Jb.2,8: B^;jg 1V;'» a potter Jer.19,1; 
^5v ^^? ^" earthen vessel Lev. 
6,21; B?in''»S55 earthen pitchers 
Lam.4,2; as a figure of inferiority; 

n^^K ^B^ID-nK iriii iir "n(< aj -in 

woe unto him that striveth with 
the one who formed him — a 
potsherd among the potsherds of 
the earth ls.45,9.— tnn np l^ 

' viv !• I» 

^^^U pr- n. see "T^p. . 

\i;yi (akin to nin , ts"3n ; ftu. c^iqi; 

p<. B^in ; pt p. C^nn ; inf. B^IJPI) i; 

to cut, to engrave !Vh hv nE^^in 

Dj7 graven upon the table of 

their heart Jer.17,1.— 2) to plough 

Deut.22,10; pt. B^in plougher Is. 

28,24, also cutting instrument Gen. 

4,22; fig. D^pin ^B^^^ '»?a-?j; the 

ploughers ploughed upon my 

back, i. e. they maltreated me 

Ps.129,3.— 3) to execute, to work 

D^nj tr;fn a worker in brass IK. 

7,14;'^^. to devise yB^.TDpB^nn ye 

• • • • 

have devised wicjfedness Hos.lO, 
13; nrn 7]y V^g trinO *?« devise 




not evil against thy neighbor Pr. 
3,29; P^'trin they that devise 
evil Pr/l4,22; ^iD '•J^in they that 
devise good ib. 
Niph. iy?ni (M. B^inj) to be 

ploughed e^nnr] ni^ f\^f zion 

shall be ploughed like a field 
Jer. 26,18 a. Mic.3,12. 

Hiph. C^^inn to work, to devise 
nV'^n ^'••jne '^^^^^ 'J'"^? Saul de- 
viseth mischief against him IS. 

B^nn iftft. ^"IDD to be silent, to be 

..V • • . 

unheeding trillp/Sg ''O^PT^^ be 

not silent (unheeding) to my tears 

Ps.39,13; with ]D: to turn away 

in silence from ^^gtj B^inn"'?^? 

• • . • 

turn not away in silence (unheed- 
ingly) from me 28,1; of the ears, 
to be deaf HJC^inn DH'^pm their 
earn shall be deaf Mic.7,ie. 

• • • . 

^^inS) V ^0 put to silence, to 
make one hold his peace T]^13 
^B^^lQl D^"?? should thy inventions 
put men to silence? Jb.l 1,3. — 2) to 
keep silence, to be silent, to hold 
one's peace inJ< m Hh\ ^iynCl!J 
^^5 tbey held their peace, and 
answered him not a word ls.36,21; 

ipm DDn e^nQD h'^^tf a fool that 

keepeth silence is counted wise Pr. 
17,28; with 7: to be silent towards. 
Dot to gainsay n-'jx r\h B^npn] 
and if her father be silent to- 
wards her (or. if he do not gain- 
say) Num.30,5; with h^ or |9 : 
to keep silence be/ore "'S^{ ^l^^inn 

W^l^ keep silence before me, 
islands! Is.41,l;n';31Nl>4t8?^rnrp 
^iH keep silence before me, that 
I may speak Jb. 13,13; with occtw.; 
to pass over in silence, to 
conceal 1^3 tynO^ «*? I will not 
conceal his parts Jb.41,4. — 3) to 
be inactive, to do nothing fi^^^nn 
n^2 ny ipjp Jacob held his peace 
(i, e. did nothing) until they were 
come Qen.34,5; pc^lCjQ Dr)S3 and 
ye shall hold your peace (i. e. 
do nothing) Ex. 14,14; Um HJ)^ 
l!;93"nfcj T^nh D^'C^ine why are 
ye silent (i. e. doing nothing) 
about bringing the king back 2S. 
19,11; with \Q: to withdraw quietly 
from, to leave one alone, to cease 
^iap ^B^^^il they were silent from 
bim (i. e. thoy left him alone) 

jo.38,27i ;^. ^8 pV»9 «s9 tfnnn hs 

• • • • • • 9 

^^''iJ^.'S cease not to cry unto the 
Lord our God for us IS.7,8. 

Hithp. l2^!inori to keep oneself 
quiet nSl^O"*?*? 'Itrinny and they 
kept themselves quiet all the 
nigh Jud.16,2. 

I8^nn (c. B^ig; pi, o^c^pn a. D^s^-jq, 

c. ^^^p.) vn, 1) engraver, cutter 
15^ B^in n(?ge the work of an 
engraver in stone Ex. 28,11.— 2) 
workman, artificer, craftman tf in 
^113 a blacksmith 18.44 J 2; l^nn 

• • • 

D"'VV. a carpenter, a joiner v. 13; 
coJX, IJlpsni irnnni and the crafts- 

. . • • • • 

men and the locksmiths 2K.24,16; 
fig. D^ntfD ^;?5p artificers of de- 
struction, i. e. skilful to destroy 



Ez.21,36,— 3) pr. n, n^^y] H\i 
lChr.4,U a. n'^^yn \i Neh.'ll,35 
the valley of craftsmen. 
B^nn w. 1) Stb.: secret; only pi. 
D^5^^n D3n one skilled in secrets 

• • • 

(i. e. magic art) Is 3,3. — 2) as adv.: 
secretly, silently Jos.2,1. — 3)pr. 
n. m. lChr.9,15. 
tJ^nn (pi. D^?^in) adj. deaf jflg iDJ 

e^nO liJte tlie deal adder Ps.58,5; 
fig. of inobedient persons: D^B^*\nn 
^yoe^ hear, ye deaf Is.42,18. 

tJ^in p^ of B^^n , which see. 

{^Tin w. thicket, fore si Dinn n3V}?5 

as a forsaken forest Is. 17,9; C^^'n 

Sjp. a shadowing thicket Ez.3l,3; 


with n loc. T\^y^S in the wood 
IS.23,18; pi D^pnn 2Chr.27,4. 

• • • 

NB'^n pr. n. 1) a person mentioned 

in Ezr. 2,52 a. Neh.7,54.~ 2) in 
K|p*)n 7JJ] a Jewish colony Ezr. 
2,59 a. Neh.7,61; see also h^ . 

rSf'^n r cutting, carving j^^. D^^^^q 

cutting of stone (masonny), ri^lQ 
{^8 carving of wood (joinery) Ex. 
31,5.— 2) DJiJin njpnn j>r. n. a 
place in the north of Palestine 
Jud.4,2, situated in h^^^^Tl Y^^ IK. 
9,11, wherefore it is called also 
D^l^n S^Sj Is.8,23. 

nnn {pt p. m^n) to cut, to en- 
grave n1n7n"75? m^in graven upon 
the tables Ex.32, 16. 

mn pr, n. a forest on the moun- 


tain of Judah IS.22,5. 

" T • • 


" T 

in/*. :ibCl, :itfn) i; to bind, to 
knot, to weave ^C^n ilt^KQ a 
weaver's work Ex.26,1 a. 28,6. — 

2) to devise n^a^QB ife^nS to 

• • • 

devise cunning works Ex.31,4; 

hence pt: artificer; riJffnB*"'^^'^?''? 

• • • • 

^C?n engines invented by arti- 
ficers 2Chr 21,15.— 5) to think, 
to imagine nfe^K ]^:^^ ^^?^^ neither 
doth his heart think so Is.10,7; 
np?p UC^n they imagined a mis- 
chievous device Ps.21,12.- 4) to 
intend, to purpose (with hv, *rg) 

™l ^!rS DM8^n D{?^5 but ye in- 
tended evil against me Gen.50, 

20; ^3?^^-^H nrn ns*s vgi:iipiic^ 

|^\^ and his purposes that he 
hath purposed against the inhabi- 
tants of Teman Jer.49,20,' Q'*;it^n 
T^pJ? they think (intend) to re- 
bel Neh.6,6. — 5f to count for, 
to esteem or regard as; with h: 

^*? ^J^fr^*? 'MTO he counteth me 

• • • 

as his enemy Jb 33,10; with accris.: 
yi;^ ^WS^Cl we esteemed him 
stricken 'ls.53,4; np'^f iS HSB^ni] 

• • • • • • • 

and he counted it to him for 
righteousness Qen.15,6. 

iVip^i. :i5rw iM.:i^n:,; pt^^r^^ 

1) to be reckoned, counted, ac- 
counted Plgan nm iR^grt^S there 
was no reckoning made with them 
of the money 2K.22,7; with S : 
a) to be counted to 5pnri ""iiyjsS 
which is counted to the Canaanite 
Jos.13,3; in this sense also with 
*?S : ]''P;^?-^S nc?n{1 was reckoned 
to Benjamin 2S.4,2. 6; to be reck- 
oned as, to b© cpnsitjcred ^B'Cy) 




D3ri5^*y? DjS and y-^ut heave 

• • • • * 

offering shall be reckoned unto 
you Num.18,27. c) to be imputed 
Kinn ly^K^ ajS^m D5 blood shall 
be imputed unto that man Lev. 
17,4.— 2) to be counted, consid- 
ered, esteemed ^^J}\ D^H is con- 
sidered wise Pr.17,28; with D; 
nDn23 U^iC^nj we are counted 

• • • • • 

(considered) as beasts Jb.18,3; 

with h : »13 "hy^, la^n^ they 

■ • • • • • • 

are esteemed as earthen pitchers 
Lam.4,2; with D?: 'D? "/n^^aj 
"^^^ ''IT^ I am counted with them 
(i. e. considered as those) that go 
down into the pit P8.88,5.— 3) to 
be of account, to bo valued j^H 

none (of the vessels) were of sil- 
ver, it was not valued in the days 

of Solomon IK.10,21; 2^n^ n{J3 

• • • • 

^V\ wherein is he to be valued 

Pu ayn (/w. <n??n.v i) to count, 

to reckon In^pi? ^Vt^^ ^!?n] and 
let him count the years of the 
sale thereof Lcv.25,27; tOgip-DKi 

and if there remain but few years 

unto the year of Jubilee, then he 

shall reckon with him v. 52; with 

DV , riH : to reckon, to have an 

account ^Hjp'DV 58^05 and he shall 
■ • 

reckon with him that bought him 
v. 50j D^P^^B5"n« ^^t?n^. ^^) they 
reckoned not with the men 2K. 
12,16. — JSI^to consider, to deliber- 
ate ^Jll ^/35^n I have consid- 

• • • » 

ered my ways Ps. 119,59.— 3) to 

think, to reflect rm Dgi; n^rng 

1 reflect to know this Ps.73,l6.— 

4) to devise yVUlTD! "hvi they 

devise mischief against mo Hos. 

7,15; SnO*? yg^ he deviseth to 

do evil Pr.24,8; of an inanimate 

object: to be inclined njB^n nHf^tT^ 
I • • • • • • • 

^t}^'7/ and the ship was inclined 
to be broken Jon. 1,4. — 5) to make 
account of, to value Dlg^'n^ 

nae^nni irii.«"13 ^^TMl what is 

man that thou takest knowledge 
of him, or the son of man that 
thou makest account of him! Pa. 

Hmhjp, 5|?n;in to reckon 
self, to count oneself (with 2) 
5f 001 K'? DV^ai and he shall 
not be reckoned among the nations 

3E^n Ch. to count, to regard Dan. 


2B^n m. girdle, belt L6v.8,7 
V r» 

113*13 2^H i»". w. w. Neh.8,4. 

TIT- ; - 

nSE^n pr, n. m. 
T ; -: 

llSIZ^n 1) tH. computation, account, 

reasoning. — 2) pr. n. ancient 
capital of the Moabites, after- 
wards conquered by the Amoritcs 
Num.21,26; when conquered by 
Israel it was allotted to the tribe 
of Reuben, then to that of Gad. 

]l3S^n (pi n^intfll) w. 1) device, 

engine :D^^n n3??n5 n^^?^!:! de- 

• • • • 

vices (engines) invented by cun- 
ning men 2Chr.26,15.— -2) reason- 
ing, invention T^^t^n ^e^l!^) n^^} 


D^?^ but they have sought out 
many inventions Ec.7,29. 

iT2E'*n, ^n;5S^n pr. n. of several 

Levites lChr.6,30; Ezr.8,24; Neh. 
3,17 etc. 

r\22Z*r] pr, n. m, 
T : — : * 

iTJIlE^n pr. n. of two persons Neh. 
3,io a. 9,5. 

na^'n iM. n^ir:^ ; mf, nic^n) to keep 

silence, to hold one's peace, to be 

still ^5iS nvA niB^n!? ny. a time 

to keep silence, and a time to 
speak Ec.3,7: or}>hi ^trq*! and the 
waves thereof are still Ps. 107,29; 
fig. n^p« ^h Ii»V 18D*? for Zion's 
sake I will not hold my peace 
Is.62,1; with J?: to turn away in 
silence from ^JlglJ npjin Ig lest 

• • • • • • • 

thou turn away in silence from 
me Ps.28,1 (== ^4150 tririp ib.). 

Hiph. ncfjin ipt. n'^be, pi. 

D^f^rjB) 1) to silence, to put to 
silence (with h) -^jS D^^nD DJlSn 
OVn the Levites silenced all the 
people Neh.8,11.— 2) to observe 
silence, to hold one's peace, to 
he still; imp pi. WjT\ 2K.2,3; with 
IP: to be still, inactive S7I?nn 
^^tSD 1 was still from Ispeaking] 
good Ps.39,3; nni^tj D>5?nD ijnjK 
n^^K we remain still (inactive),' 
without taking it out IK.22,3; 
sometimes in this sense without 

and ye are still (inactive), be not 
slothful to go Jud.18,9. 
3^B^H pr. n. m. 


•Jjla^n Ch. Xdef. KJlB^n) «• dark- 

ness Dan.2,22. 
Nfl^t^ H pr. n. m. 
p^E^n see pfQ. 
p^n see pyi^. 

"Wn see ne^p . 

• • • 

npn Ch. ipt. pi. m. pn?^n , f. jnc^Q) 

to have need, to want |^rjB^p-K9 
^¥}3& we have no need (we do 
nr-t think it necessary) Dan.3,16: 
igpnn^^ and that which they 
have need of (what is necessary) 

^HB^n Ch. /. need; c. D^ntf^O Ezr. 

riy^n see njR^n . 

D'irn see D^?^^n. 

«]^2^n (fi-om e]pg) m. division, Uttlo 
flock; only pi. e: D-jy ^gfe^q uttle 
flocks of goats IK.20,27. 

^2^n, '^Ti^n (/•«<. ipr}2',pt n{?ln; 

mi?. ?]fe^n) i; to hold back, to 
keep back, to withhold, to restrain 
Drn-ng M'i^ rjg^n Joab held back 
the people 28.18,16; ^Jgp T]pn ikh) 
n^lK? neither hath he kept baclc 
anything from me Gen.39,9; J<S 

'JSP -TlW'n^j 5pte^n thou hast 

not withheld thy son... from me 
22,12j p Of n-j<S ^:§p^ and ft-om 
my face they withhold not their 
spittle Jb.30,10; -"»|9 IB^JJ ?]fe?nj 
nnf^ he keepeth back his soul 
ft-om the pit 33,18; '? tji^i;!^ J<*7 
I will not restrain my mouth 7, 




11; '^^^1 ^Off TJ] the moving of 
my lips should restrain [your 
grief] 16,5 (comp. v. 6); ^^? f\r)J?^ 
?]^n persecuted without restraint 
Is. 14,6.— 2) to spare, to forbear 
1:5 ^5J1lr iDJ?^ ?li?n he that spareth 
his rod hateth his son Pr.13,29; 
^}ig8 HBD^ 55B^r thou hast for- 
borne below our sins (i. e. pun- 
ished us less than our sins de- 
serve) Ezr.9,13.— 3) to spare, to 

reserve (with h) nvh >t^::^n ntfg 

'yf which I have reserved against 
the time of trouble Jb.38,23. 

Niph. r\9r}i {fut. ?]pn:.) l) to re- 
strain '';iK?*1??nrj<'7 my grief is 
not restrained Jb.16,6.— 2) to be 
reserved P^ r\^n\ T'B Dl^^ the 
wicked is reserved for the day 
of calamity Jb.21,30. 

fliiyri m. restraint, Intermission ^^5 

T|^n without restraint or inter- 
mission, ceaselessly Is.U,6 (gen- 
erally taken as the pause-form 
of T]Pn , which see). 

TTB^n ifut. T]^IT) to grow dark, to 
be darkened or obscured Di*n ?]gn 
the day shall be darkened Ez. 
30,18; B^O^n 7]pg the sun shall 
be obscurid Is.13,10; ^3?3 ''^e^n;. 

• • • * 

iBCT} let the stars of the twilight 
thereof be dark Jb.3,9; of color: 
DINn Tn??9 ^^n their visage is 
darker (blacker) than black Lam. 
4,8; of the eyes: niNin ^DOT 

• • • • 

rf3"7K3 and the lookers out of 
the windows (i. e. the eyes) will 
be darkened (grow dim) Ec.12,3; 


impersonally: DjS nj?^ni and it 
shall be dark unto you Mic.3,6. 
Hiph. ?1T0D {fut r\'\?r:l) to 
make dark, to darken n?^^ Dl^'« 

' t:- : 

T?*'?'! iie maketh the day dark 

with night Am.5,8; pK^ ^riD^nni 

• • • • • • 

1 will darken tne earth 8,9; fig. 

nvr-'h^ r^9? nvj? rj^rqe that 

darkeneth (confuses) counsel by 
words without knowledge Jb.38,2. 

'nlB'*no<y. dark, obscure, low, meanj 
only pi D-iJ^q Pr. 22, 29; Jb.38A 

'ripn (8f. ^Se^n) m. l) darkness, 

obscurity *1^N* H/] ?]^n darkness, 
and not light Am* 5,18; '2pn n^^ 
he will lighten my darkness Ps. 
18,29.— 2) fig, wretchedness, ig- 
norance, secrecy, etc. T]pn Di^ 
day of darkness (i. e^ of mis- 
fortune) Jb. 15,23; T]Hn TJ^nS ^^p53 
the fool walketh in darkness (i. e. 
in ignorance) Ec.2,14; 1\tn nnv« 
the treasures of darkness (i. e. 
hidden treasures) Is.45,3; TJgi^n ^JB^^ 
those who sit in darkness (i. e. 
in the prison) Is 42,7. 

nX'n, once HDOT (c. nSPH) A dark- 

• I . 

ness njn^ njrn great darkness 
Gen.l5,12;"DDi5pD3^ nDpn; and 

• • • • • • • 

darkness shall be unto you, that 
ye shall not divine Mic.3,6 (Eng. 
Bible: it shall be dark, etc., tak- 
ing n^^n as f. of TJS^n in an im- 
personal sense; the lexicograph- 
ers take this word as a n., be- 
cause it parallels with H^^^); 
D?S *^5?*n darkness uf waters 
(i. e. dark waters) Ps 18,12.— 




2)ftg. misfortune Is.8,22; Ignorance 

D'DB?n pi' w. darkness; only once 
• •• "• 

pj. D^pJ?n Ti^n he walked in dark- 
ness (i. c. he lived in misfortune) 

7t5^n to be weak, feeble (Kal not 

used). — Niph. ^8*nj to be en- 
feebled nnnS D\*?C^n|ri that were 
enfeebled behind thee Deut.25,18. 

^VU Ch. to beat fine, to crush 

Dan. 2,40. 

Dtrn in Ar. to shine, to glitter, 
whence ^DB^Q, ]8?^n. 

DB^n see DtS^^n . 

llDS^n pr. n. a place in Judah Jos. 

n3lC2*n pr. n. a station of the 

Israelites In the desert Num.33,29. 
bOtrn (from Dtfri) m. shining met- 

al, electrum Ez.1,4 a. 27; once 

n^Dtfn 8,2. 

T|-:- ' 

jDBTI (from DC^H) m. prop, shining, 
hence: noble, prince, magnate; 
only pi D^IQC^n P8.68,32. 

WT\ to shine, to glither (=Diyn). 

]fi?n (from ]t?n) in. the breast-plate 
of the high-priest, set with twelve 
gems arranged in four rows and 
hollow within, where was depos- 
ited the oracle called D^^^K 
0^501 (see under *)^^5); more fully 
called tD|?'9n \^n Ex. 28,29, as it 

was consulted for decisions in 
difficult questions. 
«]2?n {fut e]te^m^ ; pt p. ^\&n ; tmp, 

/•. ^5tpn; inf e]Srn, ^^r^^) prop, 
to take off, hence: 1) to draw 
(liquids) ^55^9 D^D ^i^r^h to draw 
water from a pit Is.30,l4; *l^fe^n!2 
n*1^B CB^pn to draw fifty [vessels) 
out of the wine-press Hag.2,16 — 
2) to strip off, to make bare t]B^n 
nSB^n be had stripped U clean Jo. 
1,7; hny^. Wn?! and ho niaketh 

• • • • • • 

the forests bare Ps.29,9.- 3) to 
uncover, to lift up ^rStS^-'-eipn lift 

• • • ^ 

up the train Is.47,2; pt. p. f, Tjai? 
ng^B^n with thy arm uncovered 
Ez.4,7; pi. w. c. (''j?^trn=) ^gli^DJ 
ri5? with their buttocks uncovered 
Is 20,5; fig. Sv^^ riirfiK ;'; e]pn 

the Loid hatb uncovered (i. e. 
manifested) his holy arm Is.52,10 

—For ^gi^q 1 K. 20, 27 see ei^j?p^ 

pS^^n lo be attached, to love, to 

have a desire, to desire nfjtt^r? 

DSn?? 1tt*B: his soul hath a ^de^ 

• • • • 

sire for your daughter Gen 34,8; 

ni«^ pe^n ng^K which he desired 

to build lK.9,'l9; nngD ''5^53 ri[:g*n 
» . • • • 

^75 Is.38,17 thou hast loved my 
soul from the pit of perdition (a 
peculiar turn of speech meaning: 
in loving my soul thou hast de- 
livered it from the pit of perdi- 

Pi. pSfll to fasten together, to 
fillet Dnt< pB^m and he filleted 
them Ex.38,28. 

Pt*. p^n (pt. ps^np) to he bciw^^ 



- T 

together, to be filleted D^g^fip 
>]9^ filleted with silver Ex.27/i7 
a. 38,17. 

^*n m. desire, delight, pleasure 

^j?l?n t]B^3 the night of my pleas- 
ure l8.21,4. 
p2^n a. p^B^p w. fillet, junction- 
rod; only pi. n^n^U Ex 27,10, etc. 

•. • 

DuS^n »n. spoke (of a wheel); only 

pi. sf. DiH^pB^ri their spokes IK. 
^tyn to gather, to unite, whence 

IB^H tn. nave (of a wheel); only 
•• • 

pi, sf. Dg^l^^n their naves IK. 
n*1K^H A gathering, denseness; only 

c. D18"niyn gathering of waters 
28.22,12 (some interpreters render 
this phrase ^dark waters', reading 
ngrn after P8.18,12). 

t2^3^n to be dried up, withered. 
tS^irn m. dry grass, hay, stubble 

Is 5,24. 
fnn 1) adj. broken; only pi. n^j5 

D^rin D^i3^ the bows of the mighty 
men are broken IS. 2,4; fig. dis- 
mayed, terrified ngn '•0'«'5 S^'^S 
D^nn wherefore have I seen them 
dismayed Jer.46,5. — 2) m. ^ nn 
fear, dread nn-'»'??*J ^S^Vn who 

• • • • 

is made to be without dread Jb. 
41,25; sf. D^^n ^^6 dread of you 

nn pr. n. Heth, son of Canaan Gen. 

10,15, ancestor of np ^J3 23,3, a 

tribe dwelling in the vicinity of 
Hebron; gerd^ ^pn descendant of 
Heth, cofl. Hittites Jo8.11,3,|>l. D^pll 
the Hittites (== np ^J?); f. n^]?l? 

Ez.16,3, pi. r»nn ik.ii,i. 
nnn (M ncin:, «/•. ?iniT; m/". ninnS) 

1) to take, to sei^e ?|np!l Tji^H! ho 
shall take (seize) thee and pluck 
thee out Ps.52,7.— 2) to gather, 
to rake n^p^D C^S nInnS to rake 
fire from the hearth Is. 30, 14; 
ip^n? C^g ^^^ n^niQ can a man 
gather fire in his bosom? Pr 6, 

27; itrNT'?? nrin nng D'»'?n^ thou 

gatherest coals of fire on his 
head Pr.25,22. 

T^Pf) (from nQQ) /". fear, terror; c. 

D^Tl^.Jf ^OT the terror of God Gen. 
35,5. ' 

*?inn (from 7rin) w. bandage. 

nnnn {redupl. from riQC!) »». terror; 

^ . ^ • 

only |>L D^■?^^l^ Ec.12,5. 

^fin, A n^I^n <7cni. of np , which see. 

n^nn /•. terror fT'On ^W "lt?8 which 
• • . • • • 

caused terror Ez.32,23; af. D^J^iin 

*nrin to cut, in Ch. to decide {KaX 

not used).— Niph. Tjrinj to be de- 
termined, decreed D'*y?^ D'')^)C^ 
?]tp}? TJ Tjnnj seventy weeks are 
determined upon thy people Dan. 

/fin to wrap, to swaddle (Kal not 

used).— Pi*. '70n a. Hoph. ^5nn 
(fn/*. vnnri) to be swaddled n^rSH 

rhnn ^"7 Sfjmi pD^pn k^ thou 





wast not salted at all, nor swaddled 
at all Ez.16,4. 

nhDn f. swaddling cloth, bandage. 
l^Pn pr, n. a place in Syria, 

Dnn (fut. Dnm) i) to seal nnnH) 

" Tt * • * • 

Lny TJH^ and 1 sealed it, and 
took witnesses Jer.32,10; DnnriJ 
lOririD and slie sealed them with 
bis seal IK.21,8: l^an T ¥262 ^Dnm 

■ • ■ • • • 

and seal it with the king's ring 

Est.8,8; pt. p. Dinn a) that which 

is sealed, a sealed document "nj< 

Dinrii"^ that which was sealed Jer. 

32,11; Dinnn bv) and on the sealed 
• • • 

document Neh.10,1. h) a person 
undersignd, one whose seal is 
affixed D''P^nnn bv) and those 
whose seal was affixed Neh.10,2. — 
2) to seal up, to close D^^^■^^ dr}Q 
"Ifijjn Dnni shut up the words and 
seal (close) the book Dan. 12,4; 
^1073 rriin Dhn seal up the law 

• • • • • • 

among the disciples Is.8,16; "T3 

he sealeth up (i. e. he binds) the 

hand of every man, that all men 

of his creation may know [him] 

Jb.37,7j D^5D?^ DTjS |t« n^j;. IN 

Dnry then he openeth the ears 

of men and sealeth (closes) it 

with their warning 33,16; n?? 
• ■ • 

UF\IV D^55^ he sealeth up around 
the stars Jb.9,7; D^nn VVD a seal- 
ed (closed) fountain Cant. 4,1 2. — 

3) to complete ^5'^J|J pn 6r\rh 

to complete the vision and proph- 
ecy Dan.9,24; D^JDn Dnn nriK thou 

• • • 

art complete in perfection £z. 

Niph. DpO^ to be sealed ^PJ 
n!r?0 rySB? Ongaj it was written 
' and sealed with the king's ring 
Est.3,12; inf. Dnni 8,8. 

Pi. Dnil to close, to shut up, 
to hide IdS U;pil Dfi^ by day 
they shut themselves up Jb.24,10. 

Hiph. D'^nniJ to close, to stop 
inw iW? D'-nm 1K or he stop 
his flesh from the issue Lev.15,3. 

Dilh see Dnin. 

Dnn Ch. to seal. 

nonn f. seal (= Dnin). 

Ijnn to bind, to make an alliance, 

whence If n, irih, njnn, n|on. 

• • 

Hithp. Ipnnn to contract af- 
finity by marriage Ti6bu inoOil 
lip^B'ng and Solomon made af- 
finity with Pharaoh IK.3,1; innno 
2KrjlK^ and he joined affinity with 
Ahab* 2Chr.l8J; DJ innOO Hb] 
neither shalt thou contract mar- 
riages with them Deut.7,3, 

]nn (c. ]0n ; pi D^^nq) m. 1) bride, 
groom Ps.l9,6j fig. D"*?! jOD. a 
bridegroom of blood, i. e. a child 
allied to God by the blood of 
circumcision Ex.4,25.— 2J son- 
in-law ^JDi?n lOT rE^PP Samson, 
the son-in-law of the Timnite 

Jud 15,6; pi 8f. v^i:? >r§b vjnq 

his son's-in-law, who married his 

daughter8Gen.l9,14.— 5; a relative 
by marriage 2K.8,27, 





inn (prop. pt. of ]r\Q) m. father- 
in-law Ex.18,1} sf. mon V. 6, 

i:rin v. 7. 

nsnn /*. nuptials, espousals; sf. 
1n|bq Cant.3,11. 

njnn (prop. »<. /*. of inn) /*. mother- 
in-law; af. iniin Dout.27,23. 

nnn (= ^en ; /W. e]hlX) to take 
away, to catch, to seize Jb.9,12. 

t]fin wi. robbery; concretely: rob- 
ber ±^^n «lpn? she lieth in wait 
like a robber Pr.23,28. 

inn (fut. inn:) l) to dig, to break 

into (with 2) Ez.8,8;'"iKp;i nJiniD^ 

• • • 

though they dig into hell Am. 

9,2; with accus.: cn^ r\^ns nnn 

in the dark they dig through 
(break into) houses Jb.24,16. ~ 
2) to row (with oars) Jon. 1,13. 

nnn (pret. nn, /•. nnn, ^ nnn; jyi. 
inn , ^ ^nn; pt nn , pi. D^nn; iwp. 

pi. Vlh) to be confounded, amazed 
Ty ^3j?"K7 ^nn they were amazed, 
they answered no more Jb.32,15. 

Ntph. nng (fut, nm , pi. ^nn:) i; | 

to be broken, crushed DJ3PS nn^ 
^¥0 Kphraim shall be broken, : 
tbat It be not a people Is.7,8,* I 

nnf] tn \r)i5,lV niy righteousness 
shall not be crushed (abolishes) 
l8.51,6.- 2) to be dismayed, con- 
founded, afraid on^.g? nnn Sk 

be not dismayed before them 
Jer. 1, 17; nn?. nb dS^PP ho will 
not be afraid of their voice 
Is.34,4; ^5^ nnj ^pp^ ••JSt? he was 
afraid before my name Mal.2,5 - 
Niph. nm Jer. 21,13, inn;. Jb.21, 

13, nnn Pr.i7,io, ^nn: Ps.38,3 be- 

long to nnp, which see. 

Pi. nnn to be crushed, broken 
Dp^n?*j2. n^nn every one of their 
bows is broken Jer.51,56, - 2) to 
scare, to terrify niD'rni ^^nnn 
thou scarest me with dreams Jb. 

Hiph. nnn {fut. no;) l) to break 

ninnn ...i^jp Vyng the yoke of 

his burden... thou hast broken 
Is.9,3.— 2) to cause to be dis- 
mayed, to confound, to terrify 

nSTnS Wnni l wMl cause Elam 
• • • • 

to be dismayed Jer.49,37; Tinng ]S 
QD''il97 lest I confound thee bo- 
fore 'them 1,17; ICnj Hab.2,17 for 
lOT will terrify them. 

rinn w. l) terror Jb.6,12.— 2) pr. 

n. ni. lChr.4,13. 


O the ninth letter of the alphabet, 
called Teth n"?. , from niC to 
twist, because in ancient Ho brew 
and Phenician writing it re- 
presents the outline-form of a 

basket. As a numeral D = 9, 
t5= 9,000; the numbers 15 and 16 
are written ID (9-1-6), ttD (9-1-7) 
for n^ and V , which enter into 
the compositijn of nw, the most 

liWa 213 

• • • 

sacred name of God. 
iNO Ch. (= Heb. a^D) to bo joy- 
ful, with ^y over Dan.6,24. 

KONtS see «1D . 

•• • 

2tS Cb. (= Heb. ^iD) adj. good, 



^kSaO, ^^^i^ ?r. n. w. Is 7,6; 

7^^Q m. head-band, turban, tiara; 
only pi D'^Suto Ez.23,15. 

*112tS w. prop, navel (comp. Talm. 
^13^C), hence: height, summit 
f:iKn ni2B DVB D^T they come 
down from the height of the land 
Jud.9,37; f^'H^H 1128 ^5? ''Sf ' who 
dwell on the height of the earth 


H3tS {inf a. «mp. njjJD) to slaughter, 

to Itillj pt p. ni^5 Deut.28,31. 

naO (pi Cn^S) m. fl coolf (prop. 

slaughterer) IS.9,24.— 2) execu- 
tioner,body-guard (who in the East 
acts as an executioner) D^n^Qn 'yg 
Gen.37,36 or D''n|B ^^l Jer.39,9 
chief executioner, captain of the 

H35 Ch. same as Heb.; def. pi "a'l 

^*D|B captain of the body-guard 

nna , '^^ ngo («/•, HMp) m. J) siaugi> 

— |..« ITT, 

ter, kilHng of cattle Is.53,7; hence: 
slaughtered cattle, meat n^tD n^pl 
and slaughter cattle for meat 
Gen.43,16; fig. massacre l8.34,2. ~ 
2) pr, n. son of Nahor Gen.22,24. 


nnSB/"- female cook: only|>I. rfnjD 

nnntD(=n5e;«/'.'0n5i?)/: siaugh- 

^ • • • • • 

ternp55 ]«V? as sheep for the 
slaughter Ps.44,23; hence: killed 
flesh ^^31139 15*8 '•OnW ri8 the 
flesh that I have killed IS.25,11. 

riHDID V^' «. a city in Syria IChr. 
18,8, for which in 2S.8 8 re| . 

hy^ (/-nf. h2^:\pt. hipi to dip, to 

immerse, to bathe f^BHS TIp6 P/5t31 

• • • • • 

and dip thy morsel in the vine- 
gar R.2,14; i'rn 18f 3 '^'SCi: and he 
shall bathe his foot in oil Deut. 
32,24; intr, to dip oneself bbpS 
D^pr? y^V 11113 and dipped 
himself in the Jordan seven times 

Niph. ^3t?J to be dipped, im- 
mersed JoG.3,15. 

it: - : 

;?nQ {M-V^\, I nr|p« Ps.69,15) 

prop, to press in, to impress, 
hence: to sink D'^ipS n^D'l^ pSttll 
and Jeremiah sank into the mire 
Jer.38,6; n^^?? ^W ^J'?? ^er 
gates are sunlc into the ground 
Lam 2,9; in?!?? pgn PJipijil and 
the stone sank into his forehead 
IS. 17,49. 

Pu. P3P to be sunk, Immersed, 
drowned Ex. 15,4. 

Hoph. J^Spn to be sunk V39n 
^^^^■S p3 thy feet are sunk in 
the mire Jer.38,22; of foundations: 
to be settled, fastened D^IH 0*59? 



^!^|pn before the mountains were 
settled Pr.8,25; V3Dn n^ng HJ-^i? 
whereupon are its foundations 
fastened? Jb.38,6. 

- 1 — 

nlyjQ) /". prop, what presses in 
(from V2^\ hence: 1) signet-ring 
n*?©5 rii?3B? dnnil and sealed it 
with the king's signet-ring Est. 
8,10.- 2) ring D^jn-nS ^^\1 
n^J^pSd and he put in the staves 
into the rings Ex.37,5. 

1<3CD to project, whence *112B • 
]1D*)30 P^- »*• lather of Benhadad 

king of Syria IK.15,19. 
n3Q iw. »*. a city in Ephraim Jud. 

nStS ^' the tenth month of the 

Hebrew year (corresponding to 
Decomber-January) Est.2,16. 

lino, inp (c. Snp, -inpj i>i. 
onhp ; /•. .T^ine , pi. n^^iinp) aey. 

clean, not soiled Zch.3,5; of gold; 
pure, unalloyed Ex.25,11; in a 
religious sense: not profane, not 
polluted Lev.7,19, etc.; hence of 
animals permitted for food Deut. 
14,11; in a moral sense: pure, 
clcati, honest THtt ^h a pure 
heart P8.51,12; onpHp he that 
is clean of hands Jb. 17,95 ^l^'"!? 
Djry pure of eyes Hab 1,13; D^t^^ 
DJj'-^ ^tlPtt pleasant words are 
pure Pr.15,26 (Eng. Bible: Ithe 
words of] the pure are pleasant 


words); as a n.: 52*"1?P purenesfe 
of heart Pr.22,11. 

nntS (akin to ID? ; M *^39! ; <»»p. 
*inD) prop, to shine, hence; to be 
clean "inp^ YXy^ wash and be 
clean 2K.5, 13;in a moral sense: to be 
pure, sinless ^0^?0B ^l?105 I am 
pure from my sin Pr.20,9; VKftW 
inpSP^^Mpiirge me with hyssop, 
and I shall be clean Ps.51,9. 

Pi. "iDi? , 1DP (/■«<• ine: ; i*. 

nnDD) 1) wO make clean, to cleanse 
nto^^n nrjB^l and they cleansed 
the chambers Neh.13,9; of metals: 
to purify Mal.3,3; of the sky: to 

clear D.^rjGPl ^^^S ^^^ ^^^ wind 
passeth and cleareth them up 
Jb.37,21.— 2) to pronounce clean 
Pj|n"nfc< *iniJ1 he shall pronounce 
the plague (1. e. him that has 
the plague) clean Lev. 13,13; in 
a moral sense: VTIlIB ^0^©Dfi 
cleanse me from my sin (pro- 
nounce me clean from sin) Ps. 

Ptt. "Ifltt to be cleansed; pi, f. 
n^JlDp tih {*!« a land that is not 
cleansed Ez.22,24. 

Hithp. "in^n, nnen {fut. n^©^ 

pi. V^^^)) to purify oneself (in a 
religious or moral sense) Lev. 
14,4j Jos.22, ^'^rmT} Ezr. 
6,20, ^ ^'^n^n 2Chr.30,18;i<. nnglj 
Lev.14,7, pi. Onntap 18.66,17; imp. 
pi ^^ri^ri Gen. 35,2 (^ 'l^H??). 

TTlQ m. 1) purity, clearness DJfgJ 

^irtDv DJD^n as the heaven itself 
in clearness Ex.24,10.— 2) puri- 


216 31» 

flcation Hjnp ^g^, the days of her 
purification Lev. 12,4 a. 6. 

TntS »». brightneBS, glory njl?!! 
linsip thou hast made him to 
cease from his glory Ps.80,45. 
Ace. Aben Ezra and Kimchi the D 
is formative and the Dagesh in 
the D is euphonic, i^rj^.P being 
for i"ini?lj from intjp ; the Eng. 
Bible renders the above passage 
accordingly: thou hast made his 
glory to cease. 

n^niQ (c. nnriD) f, purification 

tt: t • •• 

n^nj^n D'JBB^p the charge of puri- 
fication Neh.12,45; IT'^pn n^HD 
purification of the sanctuary 2Chr. 
30,19; tS^ip"^;^ nnno the puri- 
fication of all holy things IChr. 
23,28; injHD Dl^ the day of his 
purification Lev.14,2.— H^p.^JLev. 

12,4 a. 5 ace. some = n^Dfl from 

• • • • 

tt^tS ace. Fuerst; to drive.— Pi*. 
redupl. KQHp to sweep away 

np^n ^pgDO? n^o«»«B3 and I 

« • • • ■ • 

will sweep it with the besom of 
destruction Is.14,23. 

DItS 1. (3 pi. U^^ ; for fut. is used 
the form ^0"^; from 2^^) to be 
good, well Tl\^ni< U'ia"np how 
good are thy tents Num.24,5,* of 
the heart; to be merry "^{j Ji^tD? n!i83 when the heart of the 
king was merry with wine Est. 
1,10; with h\ to be well DjS :}it:) 
that it may be well with you 
Deut.5,30; before D : better than 
T!1P ^^11 iafe-np how much 

better Is thy love than wine! 
Cant.4,10; n^yp m ^h ate then 
it was better with me than now 
Hos.2,9; with hv ; to be pleasing, 

to please ate ^^gn'Syote If ic 

please the king £6t.3,9; with^A^};;: 
to seem good V^"*};? ite n{f^83 as 
it seemeth good in his eyes 2S. 

Hiph, a^pn (fut. ite.!) 1) to do 

well, to do good 1\^ ^^JpHJ and 

• • • 

we will do thee good Num.10,29.— 
2) to make good, beautiful U^pil 
n^^XP they have made goodly 
statues Hos.lO,lj as adv.: '•5'•p^'^ 
]ki play sweetly 18.23,16 (Eng. 
Bible: make sweet melody); ^^^tSD 
A?^ that go well Pr. 30,29; ^a^prj 
nitraS thou hast done well 2k! 

aia II. ipi D^?te, D^jB; f. njte, 
c. nate, pi niate, niio) adj 

good (in various senses, accord 
ing to the nature of the object): 
ate nOJ a good piece Ez.24,4; 2n^ 
ate good (pure) gold Gen.2,12: 
ate n^lP good (fair) countenance 
Dan.1,15; Sa8p|? ate good (tasty) 
for food Qen.2,9; njte iTjitra good 
tidings 28.18,27; ate-^J??' good 
sense Pr.13,15; ate aS a merry 
heart Ec.9,7; ate TJ^'H good (moral, 
virtuous) way Jer.6,16; ate Dl^ a 
good (Joyful) day Est.8,17 (hence 
in later Hebrew: holiday, festival); 
7^2^^ nj^l? good (advanced) old 
age Gen. 25,8; this adj. frequently 
occurs in the construct state with 




the object modified: ])V Tti he 
that hath a good (benevolent) 
eye Pr. 22, 9; ."Ifs^D n^it: of good 
(fair) appearance Est.2,3; HB^K 
Tj^'nj^tD a woman of good sense 
(a sensible woman) IS.25,3; with 
'•^'•83 or ^A9*? : pleasing :}it2 DK 
^^*?^W? if it be pleasing unto 

• • • 

thee (if it please thee) to come 
Jer.40,3; D''!l*:'Rn "•;?? a^a whoso 

• • ■ • 

is pleasing before (1. e. whoso 
pleaseth) God Ec.7,26; with D: 
oetter than 3^1: ]9f Q DE^ 3ilD a 
[good] name is better than precious 
ointment Ec.7,1; .mT^K 1:S altS 
l30fiD better for us to serve... 
thaii to die Ex.U,12; sometimes 
in the comparative sense before 
^3 : ttSari-''? 2^t: ""^ ^^ there is 
nothing better for me than that 
1 should escape IS. 27,1; as adv: 
well ^gj;.ait: 1ll:«J\D« if he will 
redeem thee, well, let him redeem 
51Q III. m. 1) good, the right (in 

a moral sense) P^l ^^^ K^^^^ *"^ 
evil Gen.3,5; a^tS n^Sf to do good 
P8.34,15.— 2) good, good thing, 
benefit 3iD h^j?) nV Israel hath 
rejected the good Hos.8,3; npli: «S 
3^tD'Sj they shall not want any 
good (benefit) Ps.34,11; DH^nj k!?? 
a^t: he filled their houses with 
good things Jb.22,18; HflJ »VD 
ro «^5 whoso findeth a wife, 
findeth a good thing Pr.18,22; in 
an extended sense: happiness, 
prosperity, joy ]^^n ^D? ir?J 
his soul shall abide in good 

(prosperity) Ps.25,13; DitD hsH to 
eat of the good (i. e. to enjoy 
happiness) Pr.13,2; ala ns^l Ps. 
4,7 or 3^5 HKn Ec,2,l to see good 
(i. e. to prosper); ^jS aia^ for our 
good (happiness) Deut 6,24; D^^3 
aia? n.:n njlD in the day of 
prosperity be joyful Ec.7,14. — 
3) pr, n. a region beyond the 
Jordan Jud.11,3; 2S.10,6. 
3^Q m. 1) goodness Do^Q 2^D good- 
ness of taste (good judgq^cnt) 
Ps. 119,66; of the benignity of 
God: T15^D ]V^) for the saice of 
thy goodness 57,7; concretely: 
H-?'"? ^^^ ^^^ goodness of the 
land (i. e. its best products) Is. 
1,19.— <2'^fairness,beauty,elegance 
n-JK^S :}1tD the fairness of her 
neck (her beautiful neck) Hos. 
10,11; i'»e;-nB^ ia^O-nO how great 
is his elegance, and how great 
is his beauty Zch.9,17.— 3) joy 
2h 3^tD joy of the heart, glad- 
ness Is 65,14.— 4) good, fortune, 
well-being U^tD S'^n; hH his good 
(his fortune) shall not be stable 
Jb.20,21; D J^tS Dj;? tkh their fortune 
is not in their hand 21,16; a^t2$ 

nnr; f^'^sn D'^fjnjf in the well- 

being of the righteous (when It 
goes well with them), the city 
rejoiceth Pr.ll,lO. 

n^jnX 3lQ pr. n. m. 2Chr.l7,8. 

^l. ni^it: , rfitS) /*. i; material 
good, prosperity, bounty n^3^3 
n^'^JK ^21 nytan when prosperity 




increaseth, they are increased 
that enjoy it Ec.5,10; HJia DV day 
of prosperity 7,14; TJOJitS niP the 
year of thy bounty P8.65,12; H^'p 
n^^O to see good, i. e. to enjoy 
prosperity Jb.9,25, etc.; n^lfiS ^a« 
to eat in prosperity, to enjoy 
prosperity 21,25.— 2) happiness, 

beatitude \n5^t: nn« ^jng *•:!? n*ip« 

T5? '3 thou Iray soul] hast said 
unto the Lord, thou art my Lord: 
my happiness is not withont thee 
Ps.16,2 (ace. Stb. '•OJ'tS is here a 
poetical appellation of the soul, 
and he renders the verse: thou, 
my happiness, sayest unto the 
LonI, thou art my Lord, there Is 
none above thee).— 5; good, good- 
ness, kindness H^^ID H^X? to do 
good Ex. 18,9; naiC T^ri to re- 
quite good IS.25,21; Hin '•JID^C^^ 

* • • • 

rlJ^C nnri they rewardod me evil 
fur good Ps.35,12; Tjna^tS? j^jij 
"^iVh thou hast prepared of thy 
goodness for the poor Ps.68,llj 
HJIdS \g^N '.^•niJJ remcmbor for 
me, my God, for good Neh.5,19: 
nlJi'D *15'^ to speak fair words, 
to speak kindly Jer.12,6; 52,32. 

iT::1a, irP?'? pr. n. of several 
persons Zch.6,14; Neh.4,1, etc. 

niO (3 pi rC) to twist together, 

to spin, to weave D\Ty^-n^{ ^ItS 
they spun goats' hair Ex.35,26. 

n'^'^ipret. riD, ntj) to cover, to 
smear, to daub, to plaster Plpl 
n^J'Tri^? and he shall plaster the 

house Lev.14,42; OnnD-ipK TpH 
7$ri the wall that ye have daubed 
with plaster Ez.13,14; flg. rfHIJJ nO 
on^A''?? he hath daubed over (shut) 
their eyes, that they cannot see 

nIStolD (from PJitS) f. pi, bands, 

fillets (ornaments for the fore- 
head or arm; comp. Talm. and 
Targ. nj),??iD) Ex. 13,16; Deut.0,8 
a. 11,18; later; prayer-fillets, phy- 
lacteries (amulets worn by Jews 
on the forehead and the left hand 
at the morning prayers, now 
called p^9^ , from 7^h^F\ 'prayer'). 

"p^O to move forward (comp. Ch. 
7*D to walk, to march). 

Hiph. S^Ijn (fut. h>^l,ap. ^B,;) 
to throw, to cast forth h^H^ *r^M 
ri^jnOTlS and Saul threw the 
spear IS.18,11; ^5?Q D^HK "il^Bm 
^N^3 r'n«? and I will cast 'yoii 
out of this land Jer.16,13; V.^'^S 
TlS'^ag n'lfT} I will cast thee forth 
upon the field Ez.32,4;-*?g ''J^'^PlU 
D*n and cast me forth into' the 
sea Jon. 1,1 2; fig, of the wind: to 
send out nHirnn S'^pn '•^l and 
the Lbrd sent out a great wind 1,4, 

Hoph. ^TDH (fut. bt^V, once Sfi; > 
to be cast, to be cast down prij 
S^Un-DK b^V the lot is cast into 
the lap Pr. 16,33; Sg^-xS h'^^'^^;) 
though he fall, he shall not be 
utterly cast down Ps.37,24; rHD 

1j;in Kin \h^\n wherefore are they 


cast down, he and his seed? Jer 




Pi. redupl Sg^P {pt ^R^D?) to 
fling forward, to throw or thrust 
about -Ija n^e^B Tlbp^B? ;: the 
Lord will thrust thee about with 
a mighty throwing Is.22,17. 

ft1J2 In Ar. to cover around, to bind 
about, whence by redupl. DiS^'D . 

*1*1Q V to turn around, to surround, 
to enclose around.— 2) to arrange, 
to put in a row. 

yi^ (1>I. D^^ltt a. one, c. '»niD) m. 

i; wall, enclosure Ez.46,23.— 2) 
row Fx.28,17 (of gems)} IK.6,36 
(of beams); 7,12 (of hewn stones), 

^^Q Ch. m. mountain, height Dan. 

a*1tD ifut. trilp;) to fly swiftly, to 

dash ^3K"'':?8 B^iD> "ig^J? as the 

• • • • • • 

eagle that dasheth upon his food 
(prey) Jb.9,26. 

illtS Ch. adv. fasting, without food 

DID n2\ and he passed the night 
fasting Dan.6,10. 

nntS to stretch, to extend (Kcd not 

T T 


Pi. nTO (with addition of 1 as in 
rrnQ?^"? from nntf) to stretch; 
only pt. pi. c. r\pD WntttJJ as those 
stretching the bow, i. ?. bowmen, 
who keep at a certain distance 
ftom tlie m;:rlc Oen.21,16 (,Eng. 
Bib! : as it were a bowshot, 1. <5. 
the distance of a bowshot). 
]1np 'from ]nrf) m. mill, hand-mill 

^V^ l^na Dnin3 the young men 
bare the mill Lam. 5, 13 (Eng. 

Bible: they took the young men 
to grind, as if ]1nip were inf.). 

lino see nnip . 

nlHQ (from Q^D to cover) f. pi. 
reins, kidneys; poet, the inward 
parts n1nt33 QVfiD ^OJS »iiou de- 
sirest truth in the inward parts 

Ps.51,8; n§?g niniaa n^-*? who 

hath put wisdom in the inward 
parts? Jb.38,36. 

]ntt {M- inip: ; pt ]Dto ; imp. f. 
"•jnfi ; inf' l^niD) to grind, to crush 
D10!lJ ^^D? *^®y ground in the 
mills Num.11,8; PT^V& 11? 'OpM 

■ • • • • 

and he ground it until it was 
powdered Kx 32,20; fig. ingS TnipJJ 
^iJf^N let my wife grind for an- 
other, i. e. be another man's slave 
Jb.3,10 (comp. I8.47,2); *to ^ ind 
one's face' means to oppress one: 
^:n9p DVJa ^Jp ye grind the faces 
of the poor, i e. ye oppress the 
poor Is.3,15; pt. f. pi, rtiob the 
grinders, i. e. the teeth £c.l2,3. 

nilD /". mill, hand-mllL 

*inO ace. Puerst: to burn; Gcs.: to 

breathe hard (as in Syr.). 
inO (from into) m. only pi D^ne, 

c. ^inp ulcers, boils (others: swel- 
lings caused by straining one- 
self at stool, piles) IS.6,11 a. 17; 
in Deut.28,27; IS.5,9; 6,4 a. 5 it 
occurs in Kri for Kttb D^T'fiy. (see 

n'^O (from n^to) m. plaster on a 
wall EzJ3,12. 




Q^Q m. loam, clay 18.41,25; Nah. 

3,14.- 2) mud, mire rfV^n t2''W 
as the mire of the streets Zcl; 9,3 

]TD Ch. m. loam, clay; de/'. N^^tJ 


HTO (c. nn^e ; pi. nn^ip) /•. wall 

T • 

round a place, enclosure (same 
as *l^t2 1) Ez.46,23.— 2) fortress, 
castle Cant.8,9; habitation Ps.60, 
26.— 3) encampment, hamlet Gen. 
25,16; Num.31,10. 

^O , '"^ ^9 (from hh^l.\8f. 7]^^.D) w. 

dew *?0"\^:!« the drops of dew Jb. 
38,28; nlnii h^ the dew of herbs 
Js.26,19; as a figure of fertility: 
015^0 ^©9 of the dew of heaven 
Gen.27,28j h^'Q DJBB^ H«|?J the 
'leaven is stayed from dew Hag. 
1,10; as a figure of freshness and 
vigor: Tj^Jl^l*?© the dew (i. e. 
vigor) of thy youth Ps 110,3; as 
a figure of something vanishing: 
T]7,in D'^JC^D 'tM as the early dew 
it goeth away Hos.6,4. 
7Q Ch. r/». same as Heb* 

K'^tD to patch, to cover with spots; 

ptp. N'^^D patched, spotted Gen.30, 
32; Ez.16,16. 
Pu. KjlJ to be patched, clouted: 

pi. ni«^tjij> ni^i niSrj old, clouted 

shoes Jos.9,5. 
D'^K^tS pr. n. a city in Judah IS. 

• T * 

15,4*= dS^ Jos.15,24. 

H/Q to be young, whence HJ^D 
and ""^l? . 

n^O {c. nSp) m. young lamb Is. 

V T 

65,25; :hn rhy^ a suckling lamb 

n^O^O by rediipl. flrom SlD) /! 

throwing, hjrling I&22,17. 
"h^ (= nijD) m. only pi, U'^vhf 

young lambti Is.40,11. 
7/Q I. to drop, whence tIJ. 
•^t^tS II. to overshade, to cove 

( !<in to 'h'^ II.).- Pi, S^tp to 
c^ver^B"] UJ5^. «n he built it 
and covered it Neh.3,15. 
77^ Ch. to overnhade.— Aph. S^.tjg , 
to enjoy shade, to have shadow 

«^^ nrn S^cin 'nirinp the beasts 

of the field had shadow under it 

D^O pr, n. see D'^K^b. 

VI-.' • TT 

]1D^D pr, n. m. 

«I::Q cm KD?:; wjr6. n. n«Dt:) to 
••T t:*' t:t' 

be unclean (in a religious sense) 
Lev 12,2; with a : to be defiled 

with T\^ nop: n::'K inNDt? SbS 

whatsoever uncleanness man shall 
be defiled with 5,3; in a moral 
sense: Dn^fi?SD5 mpD^l they were 
defiled with their own works Ps. 
106,39; na-nK?D^ to defile [thy. 
self] with her L'ev.18,20. 

Niph. «DtJJ (1 pi ^:^9pj fo 
U«Bt?;Jb.l8,3; 2 pi, DQNDp^, one. 
DOeej Lev.H,43) to'defi'le one- 
self, to be unclean (in a moral 
and religious sense) Num.5,13; 
Hca.5,3; DJ^J"??? li'-DW we are 
unclean (i. e. wicked) in yoiwr 
eyes Jb.18,3. 

Fi. «gD ifut N'fja^ ; in/". Kge) 1) 
to defile Ez.5,11; of a woman: to 
dishonor, to violate her Gen. 34,5. - 
2) to pronounce unclean (in a 
religious sense) Lev, 13,8. 

Pi*. KDP to be defiled Ez.4,U. 

HUhp. timn {fut. «Ge^ pi ^wtjev 

• • • 

to make oneself unclean Lev. 

Hothp. SD^ri to be defiled Deut. 

«DtD (c. «59 ; pi D^«Be; f- n«8C5, c. 
•• ^ • • • 

nfcJDp) adj. unclean (in a religious 
or moral sense) Lev.5,2; 13,45; 
Jb.I4,4; DJDf)?^ KDip C^'»K a man of 
unclean lips Is.6,5; DB^H nHDQ of 
an unclean name (1. e. of ill 
repute) Ez.22,5, 

HNDO f' uncleanness Mic.2,10. 

T ; T 

n«OQ (c. n«Dp ; pi n^DE)) /•. un- 

T% • • • • • 

• • * * 

cleanness, impurity Lev.5,3; of a 
menstruating woman: nriJP *^89P? 
as the uncleanness of her sepa- 
ration 15,26; in a moral sense: 
n^ptan ni*) the unclean spirit 
Zclla3,2; '^^^^\ v.? n«l?p the un- 
cleanness (the sins) of the children 
of Israel Lev.16,19; concretely: 

unclean thing nj?pp-'73 "•'jjxn 'tKI 

• • •, • • • 

neither eat any andean thing 

nOQ = ^^P?.- Niph. nopj tl pi 

iri5PJ,2pi.DOpt?i) to be unclean, 
to be defiled; but see Niph of 

jDa (M- ]5P:; pt p. pea, p?. 

D^^^Dp ; inf, JiCp) to hide, to con- 

220 GVD 

ceal, to bury nn^Va IT Sjfy ]9I5 
the sluggard hideth his hand in 
his bosom Pr. 19,24; SlnS ^Ijjpp.^j 
and he hid (burled) him in the 
sand Ex 2,12; JIDD ^SJ a hidden 
untimely birth Jb.3,16;^3n3 ft2pS 
^i^V. to hide mine iniquity in my 
bosom 31,33; of a snare or net: 
to lay secretly ^^ ng IJDtt they 
concealed (secretly laid) a snare 
for mo P8.142,4; IJDD n nff^lS in 
the net which they hid (laid 
secretly) 9,16. 

Niph. ]Dp; (inf. ]pen) to hide 
oneself Is.2,10. 

Hiph. I'>ppn (fut I''PP:) to hide, 
to preserve 2K.7,8. 

i^2t^ to knot, to twist. 

KJQ m. basket Deut.26,2,* sf. TtrJlJD 

tj30 to be dirty, soiled (Kal not 

used).- Fi. ^^p {fut. rjX^p to 
soil, to defile Cant.5,3. 

ri»B (= ™0) to wander about, 
to go astrayj only Hiph. T^Vt^^ 
to lead astray Ez 13,10. / 

D»Q {fut. D?;p: ; imp. pi IDgp ; inf 

dVD) to taste, to try tD3P \npyD 
• • » • 

ITST 1 tasted a little honey IS. 
14,29; 'rb.K^ Drp^. T|n the palate 
tasteth food Jb.34,3i fig. ^»sn^ ^DgD 
!?. 2^tD"'^? taste and see that 
the Lord is good Ps.34,9. 
DrCD Ch. to taste.— Pc. DVP to 

make to eat T]^ l^T''^? ^^PV) 
]V^V^) and they shall make tbre 
to eat grass as oxen Dan.4,22 


nrtD («/". toVe) »»». i) taste Num. 

- 1- 

11,8. — ;2;/?^. understanding, reason 
cyg n^9 n^t< a woman without 
understanding Pr.l 1,22; DgD n|?^ 
to change one's understanding, 
i. e. to feign oneself mad P8.34,l; 
DVD ^3^trD that render a reason 
Pr.26,16.— 3) judgment, decree 
VS'IJI ri'^an DytS^ by the decree 
of the king and his nobles Jon. 

Q»"tD Ch. w. 1) taste H^PQ DglD? 

in the taste of (1. e. while drink- 
ing) wine Dan.5,2.— 2) reason 

Dyc^ H^y 3^03 he rendered coun- 

• • • 

sel and reason Dan.2,14. — 3) 
regard *?3? DVl? O'W to regard one 
Dan.3,12.— 4) decree, command 
crp D^2^ to give command £zr. 
4,19; Dyp"*?!'? the lord of decrees 
(Cng. Bible: the chancellor) Ezr* 

UV^ Ch. m. decree, command "]lp 

C1*l2 according to the decree or 
command Ezr.6,14. 

y}^ I. to load, to burden -n« ^3gt3 

DJTV? load your beasts Gen. 
45,17. * 

^J;Q II. to pierce.— Pu. ]rb {pt. 

' "ii'bD) to be pierced a:]n ^JSPD 
pierced with a sword Is.14,19. 

PjtD (from ei§D ; sf. ^:SD, 03?^, D|D) 

m. coU. children, little ones Jp.J 
e]ei nj^n?^ nr.3 old and young, 
maids and little children Ez.9,6; 
^p'O ISi D''*l3^n men, beside chil- 

221 IDflO 

dren Ex.l2,37i mn '•S^ according 
to the number of children Gen* 

H£tS to spread out {Kal not nsed). — 

Pi. ngp to spread out, to stretch 
out Djpir npep '•i^D'^l and my 
right hand hathspread the heavens 
ls.48,l3. — 2) fig. to grow, to nurse 
W3*TI TinSD I have nursed and 
reared up Lam.2,22. 

PlfitS (from nge ; pi n^nge) m. 1) 

palm, hand-breadth (as a measure) 
ngtS l^^ri and his thickness was 
a hand-breadth IK.7,26;/?^. ninSD 
^S"* 90f thou hast made my days 
as hand'breadths (i. e. of short 
duration) Ps.39,6.— 2) coping, 
corbel n1^|t?^-^y IBSP from the 
foundation unto the coping IK.7,9. 

nsb (= HBtD) m. hand-breadth Ez. 

- I 

nSQ (from ngg) m. tender murs- 

Ing; onlyj)!. D^ngtp \^^i^ the babes 

*. • 

tenderly nursed Lam.2,20. 
^SQ C/ue. Vet?^) prop, to fasten, to 

- T 

smear over (plaster), hence: to 
impute, to devise, to forge, with 
hv of the person: yt ^^y ^^BD 
D "^ "J.t the proud have forged 
falsehood against me Ps. 119,69; 
np.S*-\^gb forgers of lies Jb.l3,4j 
with ^V of the object: to add (by 
device) "^TVr^V VfiDni and thou 
addedst to my iniquity Jb. 14,17. 

nOSS ip^' D^1P?S) »w. commander, 
^ . • • • 

leader Jer.51,27: Nah 3,17. 




nS^ {inf. C)1s^) to trip as a child, 

whence ^Q ; of the coquettish 
gait of women: to mince TjiSl 
f^pflfH ^^S^? walking and mincing 
as they go Is.3,16. 

nSO Ch. »i. nail (of men) Dan.4, 

30; claw (of animals) 7,19. 

S^fitD prop, to become fat, hence 

fig, to be dull, stupid ^^JM ts^gljj 
D|7 their heart is as fat as grease 
Ps. 119.70 (in Ch. tTfiD fool). 

nfiO pr. n. f. 

- T 

n*lID (P*- ^!5tO) to drive, press or 

push continually "llfa ^7^ con- 
tinual dripping Pr.l9,13a. 27,15. 

TllD Ch. to drive forth (with ]t}); 

ptpl^^iT]^ ri1? 1^ they shall 
drive thee from men Dan.4,22; 
pt. p. nnp N^3B-]9^ and he was 
driven from men 4,30. 
mtS to be fresh, Juicy, whence 


DinO Ktib R.3,14 for DJD . 

miD to weary oneself (Kal not 

used).— irii)/i. n^ppri (fut o'^ppi) 

to load, to burden 3S? n'^HtJl n.2 

• • • 

with moisture he loadeth the 
cloud Jb.37,11 (Eng. Bible: by 
watering he wearieth the thick 

mb (from n^^) m. burden, en- 
cumbrance, trouble rrp^ ^7^ vn 
are become a burden unlo me Is. 
1,14;»/'. Djni? your encumbrance 

^*10 if' "IJI?) adj. fresh, new, Juicy, 

moist n^'^:? niDC! '>rh a new (fresh) 
• • • • 

Jaw bone of an ass Jud. 15,15} n^D a moist (i. e. suppurat' 
ing) sore Is. 1,6. 

mo in Ar. to cut off, whence DID. 

D*WD (from D*11D; prop, non-exis- 


tence) adv. a. conj. before, not yet 
PDJD^B he did not yet know 1& 
3,7; Y^^l ^y?. before it was leaven- 
ed Ex.i2,34j frequently with 3; 
W5?P 0^9? before thou comest 
forth Jer.i,5; \f2^7] D^>1 DnO? 
before the mountains were settled 
Pr.8,25; once strengthened by the 
negative kS; uyhv, H^^'Hh d'^:? 
J.r*lt5 D^^ before the day of the 
Lord's auger come upon you Zph. 
2,2; D'jBtJ when not yet, before 
13»-^» }98-D^B^ D^eP when there 
was not yet laid a stone upon 
a stone Hag.2,i5. 

tjnO (fut P)'*!?:, once e^^P! Gen. 
39,27; pt. e^-JD ; inf rjnij , t^hp) i) 
to tear, to pluck off.— 2) to tear 
to pieces VpiJ n.5 e^^jb .Tn« the 
lion tore in pieces enough for 
his whelps Nah.2,13; fig. pj^^ iS8 
'•JBtSB^Jl he tearoth me in his 
wrath and persecuteth me Jb. 
16,9; *iB^ iy^ Pfner.and his anger 
did tear perpetually Am.1,11. 

Niph. S]5pp to be torn in plece« 

Pu. e]5b , A e^:jb to be torn in 
pieces Gen.37,33. 

Htph. ^in^ri to give to eat, to 
feed (prep, to tear up food in 

f\ia 22b 

small pieces) ^i?n DpS ^Jg^npo 
feed me with the bread appointed 
unto me Pr.30,8. 

tnt^ adj, newly plucked off, fresh 

(leaf) Gen.8,11. 

tnCD (sf. ^Bie) m. green leaf ^610 
nnp^ the leaves of its growing 
(its growing leaves) Ez.17,9.— 
2) prey Vjn ri"3e-».^0!l and he 
filled his holes with prey Nah. 
2,13; ^59*^nn the mountains of 
prey (i. e, habitations of robbers) 


Ps.76,5.— 3) food, provision J^ITO 
•^?^3^ ^l? aTid she giveth pro- 
vision to her household Pr.31,15. 

nSn^f' animal torn by wild beasts 
T^B ''0«5i7 «*? njtlP that which 
was torn by beasts I brought 
not unto thee Qen. 31, 30; nSj^ 
SjK^ tkh ng";il5^ a carcass or that 
which is torn by beasts, he shall 
not eat Lev.22,8. 

X'^'PSnO pr. n a people sent by 

• • • 

the Assyrian kings as colonists 
to Samaria Ezr.4,0. 

^ the tenth letter of the alphabet, 
called Yod T, because in an- 
cient writing it is said to present 
the form of a hand; as a iiumerul 
^ = 10, V = 10,000. 

2N^ (akin to HJH) to long for, to 

desire (with "J) '•fl?g; Ti?^VP!? I 
longed for thy commandments 
Ps.l 19,31. 
flK^ to be becoming, to be suitable 

(with h) nnjf;?]'? ^5 for thee doth 
it become (Eng. Bible: for to thee 
doth It appertain). 
nlN^ see 1K:. 

n^JTN^ pr. n. m. 1) a person men- 
t: - -: - 

tioned in Jer.35,3.^ 2) another 
person Ez.11,1. 
Vl^^TK^ pr. n. m. 1) a person men- 
Moned in 2K.25,23 = HH^JP. Jer. 

40,8 and H^JP. 42,1.— 2) another 
person £z.8,li. 

T'N^lw.n. 1) son of Manasseh Num. 

32,41; gent, ''T'N; 28.20,26.— 2) a 
judge of Israel Jud. 10,3.— 5^ 
father of Mordecai Est.2,5. 

h^"" I. (akin to h^H 1) prop, to be 

the first, to be forward, hence: 
to be willing (Kal not used). 

Hiph. S^«in (fut. Sfii^ , ap. h^'\] ; 
imp, *rfiin , pi. ^S^fjlH) 1) to ' be 
willing, to be pleased, to be con- 
tent ly-nnB ?i5n h^H^n ^5 for he 

willingly walked after the com- 
mandment lof false gods] Hos. 

5,11; B^^Mn-nw njB^S n^D Sgiij 

and Moses was content to dwell 
with the man Ex.2,21; n^« hH>) 
^J8?T1 that it may please Go(i* 


and he destroy me Jb.6,9; ^S^{(1n 
'^2 M^ be pleased to turn your- 
selves toward me Jb.6,28.— 2) to 
begin, te undertake Hg^D THiH 
n^nnTlW *1S5 Moses began to 
declare the Law Deut.1,5; M^TI^H 
^ins-TK -131^ \l^«in I have under- 
taken to speak unto the Lord Qen, 
18,27.— *?^n IS.14,24 belongs to 
nSw Htph.^ which see. 

h^ni. (akin to SiK 3) to be foolish (Ktd 

not used).— Niph, 7Mij to become 
foolish ]8V ^1^ l^^i: the princes 
of Zoan are become fools Is. 10,13. 

^it^ (with 3 : nh^? a. ^\5 , once 

nkj Am.8,8; i>Z. D^i^^ , c' nK?) i; 
river Ex.8,1; Is.33,21. - 2) the river 
of Egypt, the Nile Gen.41,1, etc.; 
more fully D.nVP "l«? the river 
of Egypt Am.8,8; channel or arm 
of the Nile, whence of Pharaoh: 
inK'^. ?|in5 Yi'^^ "^^o lleth in the 
midst of his channels Ez.20,3. 

B^X^ to give up hope {Kal not 

used).— iW'p/i. tygi^to be deprived 
of hope, to despair (with D) \S^H^2) 
S^M^ ^jl^P and Saul shall despair 
of me IS.27,1; pt desperate ^y2H 


tS^^i^ the speeches of one that 
is desperate Jb.6,26; pt. as adv.: 
there is no hope tr«i: np{?3 and 
they said, there is no hope Jer. 

PL tr{j;. {inf. trtO) to cause to 
despai.r ^37"ri^. B^KJ.; to cause my 
heart to despair Ec.2,20. 

^*t5^^t^ ^^l^^] pr. n. l) king of 

Judah Jer.1,3.— if^ another person 

^THN^ pr. n. m. lChr.6,6 = "^^n^ 

V. 26. 
33^ to call, to cry {KcH not used).— 


Ft. 332 to cry painfully, to wail 
Jud 5,28. 
tJ'D^ {sf. n^3^ D^U>) m. ffUlt, 

increase, produce D''3g|3 h\2\ ]^8 
neither shall fruit be in the vines 
Hab.3,17; iiT'S Su"*. h^> the In- 
crease of his house shall depart 
Jb 20,28; nSuj n^fi^ f^ng the earth 
yieldeth her produce (products) 

Dtt^ P**- w. old name of Jerusalem 
Jud.19,10; gent. ^pU^ Gen. 10,16; 
sometimes of Jerusalem ^QUin"*!^? 
Jud.19,11 or simply '•pU'^n Jos. 
15,8, pocf. ^p13; Zch.9,7. 

iny pr, n. son of David 2S.5,15. 

V<3^ j>r, n. name of two Phenician 

kings who resided at Hazor Jos. 
11,1; Jud.4,21 a. Ps.83,10. 

tt^^i^ j)r. n. see ^T. 

•• T "J 

7^'' I, to be strong, whence h\2 

block, log a. 73'* . 
^^^ II. to be fresh, to shoot forth, 


to grow, whence ^\y\ . 
^y^ III. to flow, to stream, whence 

Hiph. S''p1n (/"ut. *7'»?i'') to lead, 
to carry, to bring D.^'^J^N I will 
lead ihem Jer.31,8; n^Sjn n^SjV 
lU^pin^P her own feet shall 




carry her afar off to sojourn Is. 
27,7; «TSS ""^ ^h'^^V let them 
bring presents unto him that 
ought to be feared P8.76,12. 

Hoph. Sjn ifut. hiV) to be 
carried, led, brought DHVP^ ]W 
^^V^ oil is carried into Egypt Hos. 
12,2; *?JV njeS np ho is led as 
a lamb to the slaughter Is.53,7; 
Sv; ninDp^5 n^^Jin with gladness 
and rejoicing shall they be brought 

by Ch. Aph. Sj'^rj to bring, to lead 

by m. 1) streiiir, course (from 


*?3^ L)\pl, c, D^.P""'.'^^^. water courses 

• • • 

Is.44,4- — 2) pr. n. son of Lamech 
and father of nomadic life Gen, 


^2M"rom Saj I.) adj. flowing, i. e. 

suppuration, having sores or ul- 
cers; only f, n|j31 Lev.22,22. 

by see S^i'' . 


DB/i^ pr. n. a city in Manasseh 

▼ IS* 

Jo8.17,ll, etc.= DrSj lChr.6,55. 

Qy to be allied, to be joined in 

D2' (»/■. ^W) m. brother-in-law, 
who by the Mosaic law was bound 
to marry the widow of his brother 
that had died childless Deut. 
25,5, etc. 

Uy (den, from UT) only Fi. 02) 

(mf, nS2) to fulfil the duty of a 
brother-in-law, to marry the widuw 
of a brother that had died child- 

less; inf. 8f. ^932 n}g lih ho will 
not perform on me the duty of 
a husband's brother Deut.25J. 

nC;:^. f. sister-in-law; 8f, "^n^^) 
i)eut.25,7 a. 9; TlpP?! H.l,15. 

"JNJ^^ pr. n. 1) a city in JudaK 

• •••■• 

Jos. 15, 11.— 2) a city in Naphtaii 

nJ3^ pr. n. a city in Philistia 2Chr 

V : - 

n^iy pr. n. m. lChr.9,8. 
n*J3' pr. n. m. lChr.9,8. 

pypr. n. a t.nbutary of the Jordan 

Num.21,24, etc.; at present it is 
called M'udy Zerka (i. e. blue 

Ti'^^y pr. n. m. 

• • • I • • 

U^y pr. n. m. 

\i;y ifut. E^a^: ; inf. tria; , c. ^2'^ , 

np^]") to be dried up, withered, 
to become dry '•113 B^^f^ ^/^ ^Y 
strength is dried up lilce a pot- 
sherd Ps.22,16; \^yFi B^l3^ lyn? his 
arm shall be utterly dried up 
Zch.11,17; iTB^SW and his hand 
uried up IK. 13,4; nTy,"? tT^^^ whon 
its buughs are withered I8/J7,ll.; 
D^gnnC^ariJ? until the waleis 
were dried upGen.8,7.— B^l3^, Hus. 
13,15 for tr3\''. 

Pi. C*s: {fut. traip to make dry, 
to dry up nt??llb>3 nri^ he re- 
buketh the sea, and maketh it 
dry Nab. 1,4 (= ^n^31^J); inpi"* 
nS?^^ tr.3:p the flame shall dry 
up his branches Jb.15,30. 




ffiph. C^'^jin {fut. B^^5l^) 1) to 
make dry, to dry up rit^Jin nriN 
]ri'»H ni*iru thou driedst up mighty 
rivers P8.74,15; nS f^J? '•pp^Jin I 
have dried up the green tree Ez. 
17,24; fig. to shame Um ^C^ah 
Tin.5Jr^9 '•J|-nN thou hast shamed 
this day the faces of all thy 
servants 2S. 19,6; »1T0 tr'^Jin 
the new wine is dried up Jo.l,10j 
n^'^yin ]§.|n the vine is dried up 
V. 12.— 2) to become dry 1C^"»5ni 
*li<\ niS^vp hh and all the deeps 
of the river shall dry up Zch. 
1.0,11; fig. to be ashamed, con- 
founded D^MCI IB^^JJH the wise 
men are ashamed Jer.8,9; C*^)n 
2MlD Moab is confounded 48,20; 
^^^yv-«*7 aV'hv tr'^jn Sb they all 
are ashamed because of a people 
that cannot profit them Is.30,5 
(Ktib B^^MH, comp. tf«2 Siph.); 

DlOTi? '"riS*?^ '■'?^''?'^ KiMathaim 
is confounded and taken 48,1; 
imp. D^^|N ^K^^Jin be ye ashamed, 
ye husbandmen Jo.l^U-— V 
to do shamefully Dn'jin HB^^^in 
she that conceived them hath done 
shamefully Hos.2,7. 

adj. dry, parched ; fig. nS^31 ^^??W 

• • • 

our soul is dried away Num.1 1,6. 

E'*5^ |w. n. i^ a male person men- 
tioned in 2K. 15,10.— 2) a city in 
Gilead, fully nr|?; tr^; Jud.21,8 
or ivh} Vf^T lS.n,l on a river 
B^'^S^^njat the present day Wady 

Yabes, which flows into the Jor- 

n&*31 /■. dry land Qen.1,9; Ex.14, 

16, etc. 
rW^^l (A n^li:) f. same as n^|l Ex 

4,9; Ps.95,5. 
/NH^ pr. n. m. name of several 

jnr (akin to D^il) to dig, to ploughf 

pt. pi. D^)^^ ploughmen, husband- 
men Jer.52,16. 

^y m. arable land, field; pi. D^?r 

nn23^ P^' ♦». a city in Gad Jud. 


^n^t^^:^ pr. n. m. 
it: -:• 

nH^ to grieve, to afflict (Kal not 

.v«i)fc. n^u (for n jii ; pt. n^i: , /; 

n^^J) to be grieved, aflnicted;p<.pZ c 
''J??0§ tJJ^Bt? ^S\2 I will gather 
those that are afflicted for tho 
solemn assembly Zph.3,18;p<.pl. f. 
n^Jl^i n^ij^^^n? her virgins arc 
afflicted Lam. 1,4. 

Pi. n}) {fut. n^ip to afflict, to 
grieve B^^^J"*^? H |.il Inor] did he 
grieve the children of men Lam 3,33 

Hiph. n^M {8f. r\^^n ; fut. n ji^ , 

2 pi. Uin ; pt. n^iD) 1) to afflict, 
to grieve n'^ffSfp ivSj Hjln i^ the 
Lord hath afflicted her for the 
multitude of her transgressions 
Lam. 1,5; '•?^?J \\^i^r\ n^N-nS? how 
long will ye afflict my soul ? Jb. 


19,2 (= «in); pt pi, 8f. Ti:^ilD 
those that afflict thee, thy tor- 
mentors ls51,23.— njin 28.20,13 
Hoph. of nyQ II., which see. 

py Urom n^^) m, affliction, grief, 

*lir (prop, pt of 1:M adj. fearing, 

fearful Jer.22,25. 

Ili^ P^' ^' * place in Judah Jos. 

V^T ^J' exhausted; only pi c. '•g^r 
HD the exhausted of strength, 
i. e. the weary Jb.3,l7. 

V'i\ (c. j?^,;; , 8f. ti5;;j: ; pi af, ^ri]) 

m. labor, toil ''BS Ti] the labor 
uf my hands Gen.31,42; of the 
prod uc t of labor: SjND ""J Tj-'e? V'^i] 
when thou eatest the labor of 
thy hands Ps.128,2. 

nr:^ see nVi). 

T. . * • 

^?y pr. iu m. 





Vy {fut P3''!) ^>^ to toil, to labor 

yrn Sjn nrn§'? why then do i 

labor In vain? Jb.9,29; yS'Fi'hH 
Tt?S:n^ labor not to be rich Pr. 
23,4;\vith 3: to labor for Tlirn"*;? 
i3 ni?r ntfg the wine for which 
thou hast labored l8.62,8.— 2) to 
• be weary, exhausted ^^fl ^? "IS 

• • • 

iTJ until his hand was weary 
28.23,10; with 3: to be weary with, 
of. ^Op^W ^PVi\^ am weary with 
my groaning P8.6,7;S8'Jt?: ^3 mj; 
thou haft been weary of me, 
Israel Is.43,22. 

Pi, yr, (/W. Wlp to weary 'b^ 

Dyn-S^-nK. ns^ prp do not weary 
all the people [to go] thither Jos. 
7,3; ^ml^ D'/'PSO '?eS the labor 
of the foolish wearieth every one 
of them Kc. 10,15. 

Hiph. Pjin , vyn to weary, to 
importune Is.43,23i Mal.2,17. 

yj^ m. what is got by labor, gain 

V^51 «^1 ?;"• a^^B he shall restore 

■ • • • • 

the gain ai.d not swallow it Jb. 

Vy {p^- D^i'A!) <^j i) weary, exhausted 
28.17,2.— 2) wearying D^l^in h2 

• • • 

D^VA^. all things are wearying 

Eel, 8. 

nvy /'. toil, weariness; c. ng^3 nr^^ 

the weariness of flesh £c.l2,12. 
*^y (akin to *1jtJ) to heap up, whence 

^ m 

*U^ Ch. m. heap KnnnB^ IJ: the 

•• • • • • • 

heap of testimonyGon.3 1 •17(equiv- 
alent to ly.^J in the bame verse, 
.J signifying 'heap*, TJ 'witness'). 

'^y (== nu 11.) to fear, to be afraid; 

with accus, '•j? H^l '•nfr Ig^g the 

• . • • • 

thing which 1 feared is come 
upon me Jb.3,25; with V.??*. to 
be afraid of Hgnni. v^Hn V.^P 'r)1> 
I was afraid of the anger and 
wrath Deut.9,19; pt nij^ Jer.22, 
25 (considered by the lexicograph- 
ers as adj.\ see this word above). 

T(C. T; 8f, n;, TI7;, DJT; du. 
D?;n:, etc.;pl.nlT, c. DiT) i> hand 


. T 


"irp^T his right hai-J Gen.48,7; 
*i^jiD?^-T his left hand Jnd.3,21) 
Itrx; n** D^M the hands are the 
hands of Esau Qen.27,22; of the 
legs of a spider: DIT? n^tJDt? 
tS^gi^ri the spider taketh liold with 
her hands Pr.30,28; of a hand- 
weapon: "1^13^ a hand-stone Num. 
35,17; T"f*5? ^*?? a hand-weapon 
of wood 35,18; i;^i?5 hand-staff 
Ez.30,9; as a more specific ex- 
planation of a noun: T DD^tt^n 
the deposit of the hand (trust) 
Lev. 5,21; T nShp merchandise of 
the hand Ez.17,15; tS TPr 11,21 
ace. Fuerst: the hand upon it, in 
truth irp r^^X'^^ X^ "^i *" ^"""^^1 

the wicked shall not go un- 
punished); fig. nS7 T hand to the 

• • • 

mouth, i. e. be silent Pr.30,32. 
According to the context T has 
also the following significations: 
a) aid, assistance ?]!fy ^T Hjn 
behold, my hand shall be with 
thee (i. e. thou wilt have my 
aid) 2S.3,12; hence n5?D-T? under 
the hand of (i. e. through) Moses 
Num.33,1; of the divine help: "T? 
Vhv n^itan vrl7« according to the 
good hand (help, aid) of his God 
upon him Itlzr 7,9. b) state, con- 
dition ^^S^ "113 according to the 
state of the king Est. 1,7; hence 
of a poor person: il^n^Q^ and 
if his hand waver (i. e. if he be 
not able) Lev.25,35; S?^|n ^h'tlH 
IT 5,7 or ^T :i''b^O ^h'nH v. 11 if 
his hand reach not (i. e. if he be 
not ftble). c) power, strength rt2\t^ 

T the power is gone Deut.32,36; 
of a weak person: T'lVip of small 
power (prop, short-handed) Is.37, 
27; ri^^ T3 Q^:ni HID death and 
life are in the power of the 
tongue Pr.18,21; ann-''T-S5; by 

• • • 

the power of the sword Jer. 18,21; 
T DPiD under the power Gen.41, 
35; .mTnJjP to fill one's hand.., 
i. e. to empower one Ex.29,0; of the 
power of divine inspiration: HiTH 
irT ^!r? the hand (i. e. power) 
of the Lord was upon me Ez.37,1: 
T^ ^"2109 with a strong hand 
(i. e. with the power of God's 
might) Is.8,11; of the avenging 
power of God: DDJ l^T nn^nj 
the hand of the Lord shall be 
against you IS.12,15; ni''} ngv; 
!1 the hand of the Lord Is gone 
out against me R.1,13. d) guidance, 
direction iT ]«<V the bheep of his 
guidance P8.95,7i ^^ - ?? under the 
guidance lChr.25,3 or direction 
2Chr.23,18;T?-''T;^5; for the direc- 
tion of the singing lChr.6,16; T jnj 
to submit oneself Jer.50,15, with 9 
2Chr.36,l, with nnQ lChr.29,24. 
e) u»3diation, hence T3 by means 
of, by, through Num 15,23; JK. 
12,15, etc.— T3 sometimes also 
denotes: with oneself Hjp ?1T2 ni2 
D^P^S D^?^'?^ take from hence 
thirty men with thee Jer.38,10; 
iT3 iliti^ e^^N every man his ox 

with him 1S.U,3*.— 2) place 
t^13 T^l and select a place Ez. 

• • • 

21,24 (see also under S^2 1.); 

HAnel: nntj rt n^nn tt andV^.i. 




shalt have a place without the 
camp Deut.23,13; p2l Snj nr^J 
any place of the river Jabok 
2,37; n;-n» B^^K ^5 they shall 
feed every one in his place Jcr. 
6,3; n^^"^J? B^'K every one on his 
place Num.2,17; DHiDnj .TH «S 
DljS they had no place to flee to 
Jo8.8,20 (Eng. Bible: they had 
no power to flee); hence DHx^OT 
wide-extended: 301^ Sn^ D;n nj 
DHt ^^is great and wide-extended 
sea Ps. 104,25; On^ ^?ni Dn.K^ 
wide-extended rivers 18.33,31. — 
3) monument, mark \ ^^ 2^yD he 
set himself up a monument IS. 
15,12;Di*?5f^8 T Absalom's monu- 
ment IS. 18, 18; \ Ez.21,24 ace. 
some: way-mark.— 4) only pi. 
n^l^ a) arms, hand-rails, handles 
njJJ^ njp nlT] and there were 
arms on either side IK.10,19; of 
wheels: axle-trees D^^piKH rin^ 
the axle-trees of the wheels 7,32; 
hence also; tenon C^^ HH^ ''P5^ 
npjjn two tenons shall there be 
in one board Ex.26, 17. 5^ parts 

n^ni nin;n yansi rtyngS n^?^9n 

D3^ the fifth part unto Pharaoh, 
and four parts shall be unto you 
Gen.47,24; DJS nnvj ^flp the two 
parts of you 2K.11,7; hence; times 

niT and Benjamin's portion was 
five times so much as any of 
theirs Gen.43,34; "SrSr nil^ nJTV. 
D^pp^inn ten times above (i. e. 
better than) all the magicians 

T Ch. f. hand; def. »^] Dan.5,5; 
8f, liy, Ezr.7,14, DHT 5,8; du. »S 
1!T5 without hands Dan.2,34. 

XT Ch. (= Heb. H IM to thank; 

only ili)^. KTH {pL KH^^P , also 
contracted KHiD) nZVl}} «n1np ...TlS 
ft^jK I thank and praise thee Dan. 
2,23; nn^{<^ D5rT>*T^^ a"d he gave 
thanks before his God 6,11. 

n^XT pr. n. a place in Zebulun 

{y3*T^ l>r. n. m. 

TJ^ (pret.pLr{D to ca8tGot8;Jo.4,8j 
Nah.3,10. See also H^^ L 

rvnr see nnn: . 

rrv I. (= 1i; > imp, pi nj) to throw 

to shoot Y^'^\i ^^?WD"^8 y^R ^T 
shoot at her, spare do arrow J'm, 

P^ H'j: (/W. 1)1. nifor ni] J ^A 
nl^D to cast, to throw ^? ]5g njj 
and they cast a stone upon me Lam. 
3,53; D:i^n nii-jirnx rfiTJ? to cast 
down the horns (i. e. the power) of 
the nations Zch 2,4. See also ^H^. 

m* 11. (=Ch. H-p to confess (KdL 
not used). 

Hiph. nnin (fut, ht^ ; pt n-jiD •, 

«mp. pi. nin ; in/*. Dilin) 1) to give 
thanks, to praise 3*1 ^^Hj^? T]TN 
I will give thee thanks in the 
great congregation P8.35,18; mil^, 
TJ^DN Tjni'' nng Judah, thou \rt 
he whom thy brethren shall praise 




Qen.«A ri mini HDRB^n and 

they worshipped, and praised the 

Lord 20hr.7,3.— 2) to confess 

i^S ^ytfp ^Sy. nT« I will confess 

my transgressions unto the Lord 

P8.32,5 DnT.3;>l HTD^ whoso 
• • • ■ • 

confesseth and forsaketh [his 
sins] shall have mercy Pr.28,l3. 

mhp,njir\n{fut.7^':\iri), i n':}:\nHy 
pt niiop , vi- D'llW ; ^/*. miyjn) 

to confess, to make confession of 
sins Lev.26,40; with hv Neh.9,2; 
with h Neh.9,3. 

Tl^ pr, n. m. 1) a person mentioned 

in lChr.27,2L— 2) Ktib E2r.l0,43 

for ^31. 

r^*1^ l>r. n. m. 1) a person men- 
tioned In N6h.l0,22.— 2) another 
person Neh. 12,11. 

Jeduthun, one of thr Lcvites ap- 
ppinted by David as chorister in 
the temple lChr.9,16; 10,42; also 
the name of a musical choir 
founded by Jeduthun, which con- 
tinued to exist long after him 
Neh.11,17. This name is mentioned 
in the titles of Psalms 39,62 a. 77. 

^1^ pr. n. m. Ezr. 10,43 {Kri for *iV), 

• X • • • 

pi. rCiTy,) adj. beloved, lovely, 
pleasant ^^. n^"]^ the beloved of 
the Lord'*Deut.33,12; niTirnD 
Tl"»n1:i5l2^D how lovely are thy 
tabernacles Pe 84,2; pi. /*. some- 

times in an abstract sense: love, 
delight rf-!''!^. 1^1? a song of 
love Ps.45,L 

mn^ pr- n. mother of king Joslaii 

nnn'' , nm] f. loveliness, delight 
• • • 

^^Bj'nnT the delight of my 
soul Jer.12,7. 

n^TT P'- »*• the name given to 
Solomon at his birth by the 
prophet Nathan 28.12^5. 

n^n^ pT' n, wi. 

b»Ty pr. n. WI. 

• ■ 

pnn; Km for \\n\T , which see 
^7*7^ pr, n. m. 

Vr ifut. yT; pt. ri\ y,n^\ f. n?;^^; 

pt p. gn;; imp. n, oncoHglPr. 
24,14; inf. VT; verb. n. nrT, nrn) 
to know in the widest sense, 
hence: 1) to see Dri^.f M''?. 7^^Up.^^} 
D.n n^yV. ^3 ^rT-land the eyes of 
them both were opened, and they 
saw that they were naked Gen. 
3,7; n^« ^J;t «S they saw not the 
light Jb.24a6. - 2) to understand 
If ^D^ ncjn nin^ to understand 
wisdom and instruction Pr.1,2; 
y-jl^nitD '^V.T understanding good 
and evil Gen.3,5.— 3) to ascei* 
tain npDS O'hu'; {J nrnj? to ascer- 

• • • • T 

tain the well-being of Esther 
Est 2,11.— i) to know, to have 
knowledge ^r)?lj ^'^ I know nof. 
Gen 4,10; I^R y:}^ one that hath 
knowleufre oi wrltint; (one that 



is learned) 18.29,11; njDN ^i^^T r(S 

• • • • 

I know not to give flattering 

names Jb.32,22; QIH >gi; niVK ^8^^« 

• • • • ■ 

shipmen th&^ had knowledge (ex- 
perience) of the sea IK.9,27; Ui) 
]nQ^Vl**2«'^ nor yet favor to 
men of knowledge £c.9,ll; nyn 
^i% knowing (knowledge of) the 
Lord Is.11,9; U^^h^^ DSl I'K there 
is no knowledge of God Hos.4,i.— 
5) to know, to have acquaintance 
with n^VT] D^?3n D^p:S wise 
men, and known Deut.1,15; ^S?T3 
^j^P ^^r?]^^ and those that have 
acquaintance with me are verily 
estranged from me J b. 19, 13; VM) 
^^n acquainted with grief (or 
sickness) Is.53,3. - 6) to perceive, 

to feel r\U^p^^ '"^J??^? VTr ^^] ^^^ 
he perceived not when she tay 
down, nor when she arose Gen. 

19,33; ^0VTt"^3 ^i^^^^ they have 
beaten me, I felt it not Pr.23,35; 

y^ "ipT vy. ^^ niy^ nfi^tf whoso 

keepcth the commandment shall 
feel no evil thing Ec.8,5.— 7) to 
know carnally, to cohabit Dl^iJ] 
1nir«mn-n8 yTand Adam knew 

• • • • 

(cohabi.ed) his wife Eva Gcn.4,1. 

NipK yt^ (fut, nr , ^ rn^: ; 

J>*. VY^) V to be known, discover- 
ed, perceived ^Vp^ Hh Tl\^iaj?r 
thy footsteps are not known Ps. 
77,20; nil yni: David was dis- 
covered IS.22,6; IKJ-^J yi*>: «Sj 
n^5*?p"^?. and it could not be 
known (perceived) that they had 
come into their bodies Gen.41,21; 
with b or vN: to make oneself 

known to ^S^''^^ ^^IVI hn make 
not thyself known unto the man 

R.3,3; DH'-^.S ^WT^ I made my- 

• • • 

self known unto them Ez.20,9.~ 
2) to be instructed ^yw nn.«] 

^IV"*"? 'i?.ieij and after I was 
instructed, I smote upon my thigh 
Jer.31,18.— 3) to be punished 
Sny. V^"}! 1^(5.^9^ and he that 
perverteth his ways shall be 
punished Pr.10,9. 

Pi. yv to appoint, to assign 
(prop, to cause to know) rii?3! 
ICpp "IQ^ hast thou assigned 
the morning dawn its place ? Jb. 
38,12; once yi^Mn the same sense: 

^jb'pB I have appointed the serv- 


ants to such and such a place 

Pu, y3J to be known, to be 
familiar; only pi. yTD an ac- 
quaintance Ps 55,14. 

Hiph. v>y\n (fut. rn'.'' , n^J ; 

imp. yn^n , pi ^y^n^n) D to cause 
to know, to let know l] ""WT^ 
^Vil Lord, make me to know mine 
end P8.39,5; n^U^ I'^JTl g^^'' he 
made known his ways unto Moses 

I03,7j TicipB-'rw v^T' ^'ii) ^^ the 

father to the children shall make 
known thy truth Is,38,19; ny'^H^iJ 
*12"1 DjrilJ and we will let you 
know a thing 18.14,12.— 2) to 
chastise, to punish n« Qn3 yi^ri 

niSp ^tyjH and he chastised with 

■ * 

them the m.n cf Succoth Jud. 8, 
16.— Pi pi. m. D^r'^l D 2 Chr. 23, 16, 




Hoph, J^T'I (for y^Ti) to be- 
come known inS^O l^ijtj IHln-iX 
or if his sin become known to 
him Lev.4,23; pt. f. nyilD known 
Is.12,5 (Kri). 

Hithp. y^'^r^'^ to make oneself 
known, to reveal oneself V^inn? 
Vn^"^^ ^ff^ while Joseph made 
himself known unto his brethren 
Gen.45,1; yilJlK V^« ngnM 1 will 

• • • • • • 

reveal myself unto him in a 
vision Nuni.12,6. 
]}T Ch. (fut ynr) to know; pt.VT 

knowing (i. e. ho knoweth) Dan. 
2,22; pU p. S?n; known: KinS r>T, 
K|787 be it known unto the king 
Aph. yr\n (fut. yilnp lo make 

to know ''iJrt.T «I^P *lE^e and 
he made me know the interpreta- 
tion of the things Dan.7,16. 
!?*T^ or. n. m. 

' TT 

iT'ST' pr. n. m. 
T : - : 

^fi*"T' (P^- C'ljV'i:) m wizard, sor- 

cerer, magician ^^yil ^W i^K a 
familiar spirit or a wizard Lev. 
20,27; Deut.18,11. 
n^ (abridged from H^^, an apoco- 
pated form of ^l^]) Jah, Lord 
iDtr n''2 Jah is his name Pr.68,5; 

• • • 

nj D^PJl \Ty Jah is my glory and 
my song Ex.15.2; n;i^'?n Ps.l04, 
35; 105,45, etc. = nn*?*?.! praise 
ye the Lord; before another name 
of God for greater emphasis: rV 
D''rl^« Lord God Ps.6B,19; np] n;? 
D^lpSij^ n^V in Lord Jehovah is 
everlasting strength 18.26,4; an- 

nexed to nouns to denote un- 
usual power, greatness, etc., as 
^l ^iuiP a vehement flame Cant, 

r \ m , 

8,6; n^ 20*15 great enlargement 
Ps. 118,5; iT ]^pn one great in 
power (of God himself) 89,9.— 
nj is used at the end of many 
compound proper names, as nj,7K , 
niPT., n^r??:, etc. (it is to be 
noted that in such cases the H 
is without Mappik). In many of 
such names rP is interchanged 

with Til, as ^n;^8, ^n;V^;, etc. 

3.T (only imp. DH , H J^H , f, ^;jn, 

pi. UH) 1) to give in DH give, 
give Pr.30,15; ^;??^K"ng nan give 
me my wife Gen.29,21; nnspjjn ^?n 
give the cloak R.3,15 (Eng. Bible: 
bring the vail, taking ^^H for 

''«''??); '"I^K ^tr ^^? g^^® counsel 
among you 28.16,20.— 2) to set, 
to appoint D'^WK n^hv DJ^ UH 
D5^2 set ye for yourselves three 
men for each tribe Jos. 18,4. — 
3) as interj.: come on I go to 1 
T*? l:^"npj njn come on, let us 
build a city Gen. 11,4.— ^^rj Hos. 
4,18 taken by most interpreters 
as coming from injng (redupl. of 
3"18J , which see): ]1*7,V UH UHK 
J^A^-i? her rulers dearly love 
shanieii e. shameful deeds);others, 
with Kimchi, take ^2n as imp. of 
^nj. and render the passage: her 
rulers with shame love, 'Give ye' 
(i. e. gifts). 

Dn\ yr}\ (pt. nn;,|,L y^n^) to 

give Dan.2,29; Ezr.5,14. 




Ithp, 3n^niHt to be delivered 
Dan. 7,25. 

in*" (from 3n^) prop, what is given, 
allotted, bencc; lot, faie ?]„?^n 
^?D! ^T^V cast thy lot upon the 
Lord (i. e. put thy reliance upon 
him) P8.55,23. 

n,T (<ien. from n.^n^) only Hithp. 

- T 

"^DWn to become a Jew 0^311 
Ondintp {^>*n ^{jyD and many of 
the people of the land became 
Jews Est.8,17. 

nn^ pr* n. a city in Dan Jos. 19,45. 

^"nn^ pr. n. m. 

^n^" abridged from H^l^. ; occurs 

'it "^ * 

in compound proper names, as 

^TIOK , n;9T. , etc. 

"in^ same as n^., but occurs only 

at the beginning of names, as 
tnttin^. , ^J^^nj , etc.; sometimes 
abridged into '"V as: THNl^ , an:i\ 

N^n'^.l^r. n. 1} a king of Israel 2K. 

9,2.— m) a prophet IK. 16,1.— 
3) name of several other persons 
lChr.2,38 etc. 

inXliT iw. n. 1) king of Israel 2K. 

13,1.— 2) king of Judah 2K.23, 

31 = rnKi'» 2Chr,36,2 = nvng , 

nVQK 2K.9,16;2Chr.22,l = ^ H n I'g 
V. 6. 

B*Nln\ ^^"^^ pr. n. i; king of Judah 

2K.12,1; 11,2.- 2) king of Israel 
?K.13,9 a. 10. 

'TVV Ch. pr, n. Judea Dan.2,25. 

m^n^ pr. n. I) son of Jacob by 

T : 

Leah Gen 29,35,* also thi; tribe 

descended from him, rri^n^. HgO 
Num.1,27, and the territory of 
that tribe described in Jos 15. 
After the division of the king- 
dom, the name of Judah was 
given to the entire kingdom com- 
prising the tribes of Judah and 
Benjamin with a portion of Simeon 
and Dan; the other kingdom was 
called 'K'jl?! Israel, and also 
Ephraim. After the exile the name 
JTlin^, was given to the whole 
country of the Hebrews Hag.1,14 
Where Hlinj signifies the land, 
Judea, it is f. Is.7,6; where it 
signifies the people, the Jews, it 
is m. 3,8. — 2) name of several 
persons Neh.11,9; Ezr.3,9, etc. 

nVT' (pl- D'^n^n; a. D^n^n^) l) gent, 

• • • • 

Judean, Jew 2K. 16,6,25,25; f. nnn^. 
Jewess lChr.4,18.— 2) pr. n. of 
a person Jer.36,U. 

n^n^. Ch. (pi |Wnp gent. Judean; 
pi 'def. «nin> Dan.3,8. 

n^'T^n"' V 9^t. f. from "ll-i:, used 

• ■ . 

as adv.: in Jewish ^Jgr 1510"^^ 
rT'^jn^. talk not with us in the 
Jewish language 2K. 18,26.— 2) 
pr, n. wife of Esau Gen.26,34. 

nln^ (prop, nin^ ever-being, from 

T : 

nin with the vowels of '»J1R) 
Jehovah, jpr. n. the supreme being 
of the Hebrews. Regarding this 
name as too sacred to be uttered, 
Ib.o Hebrews substitute for it in 






reading the word ^JHR; occurring 
together with ^Jlfi it is read , 
D^ii'^K, whose vowels it then 
assunies (Hin.:) 2S.7,18 a. 19; Is. 
50,4, etc. 
n^tln^ pr. n. m. of three persons. 

T T 

]3nln^ pr, n. 1) a high priest Ezr. 
"o,6'=i:ni> Neh. 12, 22 = inr'' 
Noh. 12,11.— 2) name of several 
other persons. 

1/Tln'* pr. n. 1) high priest at the 
time of Joash 2K.11,4.— 2) other 

yyt]\ pr. n. king of Judah 2K. 

24,.S,*for which ]^?;i^ Ez.1,2, ^n,;^D: 
Jer.24,1, .TJj; Jer.28,4, and ^n^^^i 

D^D^In^lw- ** l^ing of Judah Jer. 
1,3; previously DV.V^S , which see. 

Sn^ln^i**"- ^' a high priest in Jeru- 
salem lChr.9,10 = ^''Tt"^'* which 

bym^ pr. n. m. Jer.37,3 = Sjl^ 38,1. 

^n^ln^ a. Dir^ pr. n. 1) ancestor 
TT : '"'" 

of the nomadic Kechabites Jer. 
35,6.— 2J son of David's brother 

]n|1n^. a. ipj^'' pr. n. 1) son of Saul 

1S.13,3I.— 2) son of the priest 
Abiathar 28.15,27.— 3) a person 
mentioned in Jud. 18,30 and several 
other persons. See also ]{pj^^ . 

C)p*l/T P8.81,6 for «]t!i\ which see. 

rnriiT pr. n. m. lChr.8,36 =niV: 
T- : ^* 


]1»1n) {KUb I'^jy^np pr, n. f. 2K. 


pTil'n^ pr. n. father of Joshua the 

high priest Hag 1,1 = piji^ Ezr. 

DHln'' a. uy\^pr. n. 1) king of Judah 

IK.22,51.— 2) king of Israel 2K. 
3,1.— 5) another person 2Chr.l7,8. 

MSyin* pr. n. sister of Ahaz, king 

I • • 

of Judah and wile of the high 
priest Jehoiada 2K.ll,2=ni?5^in: 
r^tyliT 1 ???^"^n'' pr. n. 1) son of Nun, 

disciple of Moses Ex. 17,9, previ- 
ously called J?,i?^n Num. 13, 8; 
= ritr^. xNeh.8,17.— 2) governor 
of Jerusalem at the time of king 
Josiah 2K.23,8. - 5) a high priest 
contemporary of Zerubabel Uag. 
l,l = 5;itr;.Ezr.2,2.— 4) another 
person IS.6,14 a. 18. 

IDSS^In^ pr. n. 1) king of Judah 
T T : 

IK.15,24, from whom the valley 
between Jerusalem and the Mount 
of Olives has received the name 
M&*in^. par Jo.4,2.— 2) a recorder 
of David 2S.8,16.— 5) an officer 
of Solomon IK.4,17.— 4) father 
of Jehn king of Israel 2K.9,2 a. 14. 

^^^^ adj. proud, arrogant Pr.21,24. 

• T 

^N9?n^ pr. n. m. 

Q^.l^ m. a precious stone Ex.28,18 

(according some: onyx; others; 
J^n^ a. n V n 2 i)r. n. a city in Reuben 

Jos 13,18. 




^n^ (akin to inn) to be high; fig, 
to be high-ininded, proud, whence 


"1^ contracted from 'T\\ , which see. 
iSVl>^. w. i) a general of David 


lS.26,6.— 2) name of two other 
persons lChr.4,U; Ezr.2,6. 

nXV P". w. i) son sf Asaph, the 


recorder of llezeJiiah 2KlH,18.— 
2) recorder of king Josiah 2Chr. 
34.8— 3) name of two other 
persons jCbr.6,6; 26,4, 
THNV see TRNW a. .TTnK.. 

^NV P^'' w. i) a prophet Jo.l,l.— 

• ■ 

2) the eldest son of Samuel IS. 
8,2. — 3) name of several other 

&*NV jw- w. father of Gideon Jud. 


6J1; see also WW.. 

2*1"' pr^ n. son of Issachar Gen 46, 
13 = aitr; Num. 26,24; lChr.7,1. 

i2l^ P^' w- ^) son of Joktan Gen. 


10,29.— 2) king of Edom Gen.36, 
33.— 5) king of Canaan Jos.11,1.— 
4) ether person lChr.8,9 a. 18 
7nV ti. hy (pi Q^'^ji^) m. 1) ram 

(ace. Fuerst from vT^ l.; so named 
trom its strength like h ) H) 1pn2 
^^3^*0 IT'k.? when they make a 
long blast with a ram's lorn 
Jos.6,5; D''^5i'' nnsiC^ trumpets 
of rams' horns 6,6; with omission 
ofp,7, or n§iC^ Ex.19,13. (Ace. 
Qes. ^5^^ is onomatopoeic and is 
tho same as Lat. J u b i 1 u m and 
Germ. Jubel, signifying: shout 

of Joy).— 2) sound of the trumpet, 
wherefore Lev. 25, 13, etc.: Dip 
731*n the year of jubilee an- 
nounced by trumpeis on the 10th 
day of the 7th month of every 
50Lh year, ill which lands reverted 
to their original possessors, slaves 
were set free, and fields lay un- 
tilled: also with omission of T\ZV , 
in which case ^5^^ is sometimes /". 
DjS rx^nPi '?3l'« it shall be a jubilee 
unto you Lev.25,10. (The word 
'jubilee' in English is of Hebrew 

"^SV P"- w. son of Lamech, inventor 


of musical instruments Gen.4,21. 

•par t=^?^^\ from ^3; m.) m. 

river Jer.17,8. 
13TV F"- «• »»• of several persons. 

lari^ pr. n. w. 2K.12,22 = nj{ 2Chr. 

XnV P**- w- »>*• of several persons. 

pnV F*- w. m. of two persons. 

J?n^1^ |)r. n. m. of two persons. 

ra'V see r'yr\\. 

D^P^Vf*. w. a high priest Neh.l2,10. 
a^'n^T^ pr. n. m. Neh.11,5. 

1331^ F- w. mother of Moses Ex. 


^5V F- ^- SCO '^s^n: . 

i)Z. D^p;, c. ^x^),poet. niDij «/*. ^d;i 

TJ^D; , cyg;) m. day D\i^J5^ «5[:/j 
Di'' n^K^ and God called the light 
Day Gen.1,5; of day-light: ur^'vh 




n^^.'? ^^) neither day, nor night 
a 'e. twilight) Z(.'h.l4,7; 0^*3 in 
the day-timo (as opposed to H^p^^ 
Gen.31,40. According to the con- 
text D'^'' has different significa- 
tions: a) with the definite article 
("H) sometimes: this day, to-day 
nnO^ DW to-day and to-morrow 

TT " " 

Ex.19,10. h) 'the day of one' sig- 
nifies: day of birth iDi^-ng S*?p.!J 
and he cursed his day [of birth] 
Jb.3,1: festival day }:S^C Q^^ the 
day of our king, i. e. his birth- 
day or day of inauguration Hos. 
.7,5; ill luck, misfortune TJ^riK Di^ 
the day (i. e. misfortune) of thy 
brother Ob. 12; lot, life Di^ T^tp, 
whose lot is hard, who hath hard 
luck Jb.30,25; V.^Z D^^ the day of 
the Lord, i. e. the day of judgment 
and punishment Is.2,12. c) in a 
wider sense: time iDi^ ^<| ^??8 

• • • 

whose time has come Ez.21,30; 
toi^ «^2 before his time Jb.l5,32i 
Di*n3 1*S.9,13 or Htn DW? Gen. 
89,11 about this time; hence as 
tidv.: when NTiJ DV when I am 
afraid Ps.56,4: ^'JiPS D^'? when 
I cry V. 10. d) D^-^J daily, at 
all times, continually Ps.42,4; 
all the day long 44,23. e) Di'' Di'' 
every day, daily Gen.39,10; Di^tJ 
QV h^ from day to day, daily 
Num.30,15j toi''5 Di'' IJT every 
day its due portion Ex.5,13. 

Dm. Qip^"' two days QW nrfy 
the bread of two days Ex.16,29; 
IcyiD'D^^ i« Qi^ D^Mf he continue 

a day or two 21,21; D:Di»D ^^.^D] 
after two days will he revive us 

pi. Q^DJ.day8 D^P^nrj?^ seven 
days Gen.8,10; D^pK q'''9; some 
days 27,44; in a wider sense: 
a) time Ca^pjfjpp after the ex- 
piration of some time Gon.4,3; 
D''D^^ n^1D«3 in the last days 
i. e. in the future time 49,1; 
D^9J.n njT events of the times 
(chronicles) 1K.15,7; D''?; t^ln a 
month of time Num.1 1,20; n\OlP 
D^D^two years of time Gen.41,1. 
h) a definite space of time, a 
year D^p^nn n^^l^] D^D; a year 
and four months IS.27,7; D'^lJ^n n3.J 
the yearly sacrifice 2,19; D^D^p 
njJ^D^ from year to year, every 
yearEx.13,10; nS?H D^tj;? D^lj;^ 

^liV ^'^^^i n?il ^^i i° process of 
time, after the end of two years 
2Chr.21,19. c) time of life, age 
D^DJS N3 far gone in days, i. e, 
advanced in age Gen. 24,1; TJS 
D^PJ great of age, i. e. very aged 
Jb.15,10; Q^PpVj-) short of age, 
short-lived 14,1; poet. ^ST D''P^ 
let age speak, i. e. the aged 
32,7; D''p; ?]'^^< the length of days, 
i. e. of life 11,12. 

DV Ch. (def. KDi''; pi ]''Di\ def. «;Di\ 

c. ^p> , ^Di^ , HDi^ I 8f, lin^pi^) m. 
same as Heb. Di^ in all its variety 
of meanings Dan.6,11; Ezr*6,15; 
«»pi^ nnn«? in the future time 
Dan.2,28i DV? Dl"* every day Ear. 

DDV 237 

DD? adv. by day nij^SoDi^ day 

and night, always Jo8.1,8; once; 
every day, daily Ps 13,3. 

]V to be in a ferment, whence J.V 

and I :; . 

]Vi>r. n. 1) son of Japhet Gen. 

10,2.— 2) name applied to Greece 
(prop. Ionia) Ts.66,i9; pair. ^;\) 
an Ionian, a Greek D^JIjn >ji 
the sons of the Greeks Jo.4,6.— 
3) city in Yemen (Arabia) Ez.27,19. 

]V (c. ]\)) m. mud, mire ]Vn C'^t} 
the clay of mire (miry clay) Ps. 
40,3; nSvp IIJ mire of the depth 
(deep mire) 69,3. 

Dljr see an^in; . 

nJV (c. n:v ; 1,2. D'»ji^) /•. dove Gen. 
8,8j Is 38,14, etc.; Hji'^ V.? young 
doves Lev.5,7; as a term of endear- 
ment: ^04^^ ^OiVl my love, my 
dove Cant.5,2; 'n^i*\> Tj^.yr thine 
eyes are dove-like (i. e. like 
doves' eyes) Can t. 4, 1 -.poef. of Israel 
In exile: D''p;nT D^K nji"* the dove 
of silence in remoteness Ps.Sft, I.— 
2)pt f. of nj;, which see.— 
5; jpr. n. of a prophet Jon.1,1. 

^JV see n;. 

J3J1^ (from Pi\\p(„ D^pii^) m. i) suck- 
ing child Lam.2,11; more fully 
°^.l? ^<*':i^^ those that suck the 
breasts Jo.2,16.— ^) young twig, 
shoot V^S7 pji^S ^rjl he shall 
grow up before him as a young 
twig (Eng. Bible: as a tender 
plant) 16.53,2. 


^ P..3 1 * <*/*• ^?J^') /"• twig, shoot, 
branch «X0 ^<j^'' ^n|l ^Vl. and 
his branch shooteth forth in his 
garden Jb.8,16;i)Z. «/*. Vin^p^i^ ^3^;, 

his branches shall spread Hos. 

]ri|V pr. n. i; same as i^j-H^ 

which see.— 2) name of several 
other persons. 

«]pV 1'''. n. i; son of Jacob by 
Rachel Gen.42,6; flDi^ \:5 Jos.14,4 
or«lDi^ D'*?. 17,17 of the two tribes, 
Ephraim and Manasseh, descended 
from Joseph; sometimes of the 
whole nation of Israel c)Qi^ i"i^1SP 
the remnant of Joseph Am.5,15; 
once tlfiin^. Ps.81,6.- 2) name ol 
several other persons. 

t: • 

n^N»? iJr. n. m. 


trn^jw*. w. m. of two persons. 

pisr see pnyin: . 

W, ir (prop. yt. of 1V;; «/•. ^^^ 

i) potter tS'C-DDI"', IVV tejl and 
as the potter treadelh clay Is. 
41,25J D''^V^'' h^i potters' vessel 
30,14.— 2) maker, former *rD£-"^nr 
the makers of a graven image Is. 
44,9.— 3) creator «n '?3n IX^"* ho 
is the creator of all things Jer.lO, 
16.— yfy Zch. 11,13 ace. Fuerst for 
1Jf^«.— See also under nv;. 




^t see n^j;. 


mV (from n^J) w. i) early rain 
(in autumn) Gi'lpSg^ n^i> the early 
rain and the latter rain Deut.U, 
14.— 2) pt of npj , which see. 

^^t^ pr. n. n». 

DTT P*- W' -0 same as D'J^n; , which 
see.— 2) another person 2Chr. 
8,i0 = 0^na iChr. 18,10. . 

ion 3B^V (grace is returned) or. n. 

V|V - 

symholic name of a son of Zcru- 
babei lChr.3,20* 

n^DB'l^ or. n. n». 
riB'l^ fr. n. n». 


lD£)55*Vj»*- n.i^name of two persons.-- 

V) see e^f^inj . 
Dn*P F"* *^. i;^ youngest son or 

Gideon Jud.9,5.-— 2) king of Judah 

ir\V see no** . 

■ • 

n*Tn1' eee JT^n^ . 
V, K) see n^^. 

• • • • 

0T\ see DC; 

]r (akin to ]!« I.) to be weighty, 

Pi*, pt pL D^J{!,9 weighty, 
i, e. well-fed Jer.5,'&* (ZW); but 
see ]^T. 

rrjr a. ^n^H] see ^n;jT8,l. 

* • 

yr to drop, to tritkle, whenre 
yV f^ sweat Ez.44,18 

' -IV 

mr P*". »». same a.« ITIllst (whicb 
t: • ^* • 

see) lChr.27,8. 

iTmr JPf. n. m. i) Neh. 12,42.— 
^ • ^« ■ 

i; ichr.7,3 = r\yyy 6,32. 

^N»*ir, "^sin (with n loc. n^Kinj:) 

pr. n. 1) a city in Issachar Jos. 
19,18, in the north of Palestine, 
favorite place of king Ahab IE. 
18,45, and capital of Jehu 2K.9, 

21; 10,1, whence ^»»T. ^Bl Hos. 

■ •• • 

1,4 the blood of Jezreel, i. e. the 
blood there shed by Ahab and 
Jehu; not far from this city was 
the Valley of Jezreel b»^T. p^V. 
Jos.17,16; gent, ^'jwynil i'k.21J, 

A n'ht^>:T. IS. 27,3 a. n^ 

30,5.— 2) a city in Judah Jos. 
15,56.— 3) a person mentioned 
in lChr.4,3. 
nn^ (akin to ing; ftU. TD.^.) to bo 

united, to become one "?« ^ttII^ 
^"li^J inr] unto their assembly 
mine honor (i. e. my spirit) shali 
not be united Gen.49,6. 

Pi HD! to unite; imp. ''Mb "IK 

'm^ ng^^.*? unite my heart U 

• • • • • • 

fear thy name Ps.86,11. 

W 299 


nn^ C^ TO.:) •». i> oneness '•'? HW 

^D:^ M^. D5\Sa I will have to- 

• • • • • 

wards you a heart for oneness 
(i. e. I will have one heart with 
you) lChr.12,18.— 2) as adv, a) to- 
gether, jointly, in union lO^'p? 
*lj5p ^;}?^3 when the morning stars 
sang together Jb.38,7; C'^m r\^^ 
■^D^^l when brethren dwell close- 
ly together (in union) Ps.133,1; 
ID! Dp?3p^ ^SkI and they fell 
all seven together 2S.21,0. h) al- 
together, wholly iar^-nj? ''d:^ w 

until that I wholly pasn over 
r8.141,10 (Eng. Bible: whilst that 
I weithal escape); 3^55 "'C- whol- 
ly round about Jb 10,8. 
1'^n\ V^rP adv, 1) togethei, with 

one another nn: DH'^iB^ ^D^"! and 

• • • • • 

the went both of them together 
Gen.22,6; ryyi n^fgji let us take 
counsel together Neh 6,7.— J2)ali]{e 
V'^ffi ^^C!! they shall pait alike 
18.30,24;' fllg^X ioS ^p,^ Hf^^ for 
the morDing is to all of them 
alike as the shadow of death Jb. 

•• • • «v 

Vi^in^ P^' ^' *•*• 0^ two persons 
IT : : V 

7iiT\^ KUb, for '?r{''C>! , which see. 

•■•••• • 

^mn^ pr. n. m. 

• • 9^9 mm 


n^tn^ pr. n m. 

T. * ^ 
. • 

^^XpTH^lw.n. i) Che prophet Ezekiel 
fiz.1,3. — 2) another person IChr. 

n^pTIT* , n^ijjnj |>r. n. m. 1) same 

as njf5?n, which see. — 2) two 

other persons E2r.2,16; 2Chr.28,12. 

mtn^ pr. n. m. lChr.9,12 = ngfcj 

7t<^n^ l>r. n. m. of several persons 

Ezr 8,9; 2Chr.29,14 ( Ktib ^^]n]\ etc. 
Tn'{f.n'lV))adj\l)oii]yone TjirntJ 

^ITI'r^K thy son, thine only one 
Gen.22,2; f. HTn] Jud.11,34; fig. 
of the soul Ps 22,21. - 2) alone, 
solitary ^J« ^JV) n^m I am solitary 
and afflicted P8.25,16; pi 3"?^^ 
n^^3 D'^TCl; he setteth the solitary 
in families' 68,7. 
Sl'^n^ pr. n. m. lChr.15,24 =^ ^TR^f?: 

7^n* Lam.3,26 ace. Ges. a. Fuerst; 

• T 

adj, waiting, hoping; others: /wf. 
of ^^n (see b^n 6\ 
t)n^ (akin to h\n) to wait {Kal not 


Niph, *?nii (/W. •^fTJ^) to wait, 

to stay nnj|?n nijK n^p;: >? K^,n3 

when she saw that she had waited, 
and her hope was lost Ez.l9,5j 

D''^^K D^pi rrjB^ nip ^nj*.land hd 

m ' * • • 

stayed yet other seven days Gen. 
8.12 (comp. 1S.13,8V 
Pi. ^ffi (pl. i'tq: , -^ '"^n'. } fid. 

^d::) 1) to wait %:». Tpn ';i« 

• ... 

but I will wait continually Ps. 

71,14; with S: to hope for th) 
Dl^ \Wi? ^ni^. nor dnth he hope 
for the sons of men Mic.5,e; with 
/R: to rely upon, to trust "tJ^J 

• • • 

]^9l31\ ^V^*1T and on mine arm 

• ft • ^ 

shall they trust ls.5U5.— 2) to 
make one hope *155 ^)p^ nKI 

• • • ■ ■ 

and they have made [others] to 
hope for the fulfilment of the 
word Ez.13,6; with accus.: ItTK ^2 
^M/D! upon which thou hast 
caused me to hopo P8.ll9,49. 

Hiph. S''nin ifut. h'^r^^\ ap, Sm»j , 

i S^niK, 2 'Prjin) l) to wait, to tarry 
?]''!:« \S2-iy "PQin D'^p^nr??^ seven 
days shalt thou tarry, till I come to 
thee IS.10,8; with h: to wait for 
QSn?!*? "/n'rnln l waited for your 
words Jb.32,11. 2) to hope ''^'•n^n 
D^rl7«h hope thou in God Ps.42, 
12.— nS'»mN Jer.4,19 fut. of *?^n , 
which see. 
/N/H^ pr, n. son of Zebulun Gen. 
46,14; patr, '•'rs'rn: Num.26,26. 

Dn^(same as Dgn; ftd.nn\, n^po.:); 

only PL on; (pi ^On:. for ^Cn\ as 

• • • ■ 

^*in« for nn«) to be in heat, to 
• « • ■ 

be in the rut, to conceive ^jnon^. 

• • • • 

••pfcj my mother conceived me Ps. 
51,7; IXynoninr? at the time 
that the cattle conceived Gen. 
^^D^^ *>*• a species of deer, bucK. 

^Dn^ pr, n. m. 

fjn^ to make bare, naked. 

nn'» adj. barefoot, unshod t|nvi. Dnr 

naked and barefoot Is. 20,2; some- 
times as a n : bareness TI^^l^l'^p 
ff)nvp withhold thy foot from bare- 
ness, i. e. from being unshod 
Jdr.2 25, 



^NSn^ pr. n. m. Gen.46,24 = Sn^VO! 

• •••»• « 

lChr.7,13; pair. ^^RVm Num.26,48. 

*^n'' (same as *inN , which see) to 
delay, to stay, to tarry; only 

Hiph. fut. ap, ng*8 "iS^sn-jp npi*] 

yi)S\ and he tarried longer than 
the set time which he had ap- 
pointed him 2S.20,5 (Kri). 

tyn^ to sprout, to shoot forth, 
whence V^T\\. 

tl'n^ w. descent, family, genealogy 

2^D1!!3""1?.B register of the geneal- 
ogy Neh 7,5. 

^♦n'' {dm, from trn:) only Htthp. 

S^niO'!' to be enrolled in a family 
register, to be recorded genealogic- 
ally ^bnii^n Dj'J all these were 
recorded by their genealogies IChr. 
5,17; DnilS"lb Oe^rconi and their 

* « • • • • • 

genealogical registration by their 

generations 7,y; D^'^niOPD ^M 

• • • • 

genealogical register Ezr.2,62 a. 

rin^ pr. n. w. 

30^ {fut. 26^: , 3B? , once f, ^5P''fJ; 

for pret. is used 2^D I., which see) 
1) to be good; with JO to be better 
than ]*DK KJD ^?p^nn art thou 
better than No-Amon Nah.3,8; 
impersonally: ''^"^P''^. ]??Bb that 
it may be well with me Gen. 12, 
13; with ••J\r2 , ^ApS or S, to seem 
good, to please* Dnn^T UpVJ 
TCn^i''5?r and their words pleased 
Hamor Gen.34,18; ?lSl3n-\:s'? Dp^JJ 

• • • 

and it pleased the king Neh.2,6; 



5 ••— 

"^"h iD^m and it shall please the 
Lord P8.'69,32.— 2) of the heart: 
to be merry "^^h 2^''!^ and his 
heart was merry R 3,7; TjsS 2t2)] 
and let thy heart be merry Jud. 

:jL5:.V!, once 2^?:.! Jb.24,21; in/". 

rrj^n, 2B^n, 2'^t:\V, «mj>. n^yn ; 

j)f. a^?'P) i; to do well ^^''tj^n 
nn niy.S"^3 they have done well 

• • • 

all that they have spoken (i. e. 
they have well and rightly spoken) 
Dout.5,28; as adv.: n^N"]^ r?t2\'n 

• • • 

thou hast well seen Jer.l,12;13^9^n 
]U play skilfully Ps.33 3; inf. 
n^g^n, np^n as adv: well, right, 
diligently, very 2]:'^ ri?^3^? and 
thou hast enquired diligently Deut. 
17,4; iP'^n 1«3 ...n?M5 and thou 

• • • • 

shalt write... very plainly 27,8; 
1\h nnn ng^nn art thou very 
wroth^? Jon. 4, 4; DJgS y!!!!"^? 
n^tS^nS Mic.7,3 ace. Ges.: for evil 
are iheir hands diligently, i. e. 
they do evil diligently (Eng. 
Bible: that they may do evil with 
both hands earnestly).— /2) to do 
well, to do right ZJ^D^H Htjr learn 
to do well i8.1,17; ip^ «*5 ^^p'-n^ 
to do good they have no knowl- 
edge Jer.4,22.— 3) to do good 
to one, with h: ODh ^VC! he 
hath done you good Jos.24,20; 

with or : ?i§r :j'»p''n :5t2\'i i win 

surely do thee good Oen.32,13; 
with accus.: l^'V-r.iS T|^iVl? nj^P^H 
do good in thy good pleasure 
unto Zion P8.51,20.— 4) to make 

good, to amend 03^311 ^""tS^n 

LL * * 

D? ».S5^ amend your ways and 
your doings Jer.7,3. — 5) to tire, 
to ornament HC'XTntJ 2DW and 
she tired her head 2K.9,30.— 
6) to please, to seem good ^J 

Ti^^x; nrin-r« ''2n'-*"« iiid''; but if 

I V T T TT V • T V • •• 

it please my father [to doj thee 
evil IS.20,13.- 7) with 2^,: to 
make merry C^^'nS D'^J'-p^'B H^n 
as they were making their hearts 
merry Jud. 19,22. 

312'' Ch. ifut. 2^\)) to seem good, 
with ^V Ezr.7.18. 

riDtD^ P^' ^' a city in Judah 2K. 
T : T 

nnSlD^ jw« w, a station of the 

TIT : T 

Israelites in the desert Deut.7,10. 
rH3^ a. T\^V pr. n. a city in Judah 

Jos.15,55; 21,16. 
*1^1D^ pf' w. son of Ishmael Gen.25, 

15 and the name of one of the 

Ishmaelite races lChr.5,19. 
^^ later abbreviation of n^7]\ ; it is 
'read ^^ng* 

]\^^c, IV.;*/*. V;., ^J'.:) w. wine 
(from ]V to ferment; identical 
with Lat. wn-um, Greek om-os, 
Germ. Wein) "IJCJI \)l wine and 
strong drink Lev.9,10;^l"'^^^ wine- 
bottle IS.16,20; |?in-iT'5 the house 
of wine, the banqueting-house 
Cant.2,4; also in the sense of 
drunkenness, intoxication: {^pj^JJ 
^^V.P D^ and Noah awoke from 
his wine, 1. r. from his drunken,-s. 


ness GeD.9,24; h^^D ]>in WV? 

" when the wine was gone out from 
Nabal, i. e. when he sobered up, 
when he recovered from his in- 
toxication lS.25,37. 

y Ktib IS.4,13 for ni. 

?[^ see njj. 

PIJ^ (akin to njj) to be right {Kal 
not used). 

Niph. njii (pt. f. nnj^i:) i; to 

dispute, to reason, to argue D|^ 

to? n^i: 1^; there the righteous 

might dispute with him Jb. 23,7; 

nnpjy« fc<J ^D? come now let us 
• • • • • • 

reason together (dispute witn one 
another}ls.l,18. — ^J ace. Fuerst: 
to be set to rights, to be righted 

• • • • • • 

nnjJI. S*3 HKl n^^ behold, this is 
for thee a covering of the eyes 
to all tliat are with thee; and 
with regard to all thou art righted 
(ace. Eng. Bible nnj*:i thus she 
was reproved; Bee Hiph, 3). — 
For the phrase Q\2?% H^D^ see 
under H^Of). 

Hiph. □'•pin (fut. n^pi^ , ap nsi'') 
X) to judge, to decide nlB^^lJ? n^J^H] 
r>*"\''^S/' with righteousness shall 
he Judge the poor Is. 11,4; 'X^l 
n^ji'' VTK PCC^pS nor after tlie 
hearing of liis ears shall he decide 
V. 3; 12'^? Y5 ^n^3^''5 that tliey 
may judge (or decide) between 

242 n^^ 

us both Qen.31,37;|)*.rrj?''l3 jucige, 

mediator Jb.0,33; with D? : to 

plead n^'TK-nV IJ.^S HDi^l that one 
• . • • • . 

might plead for a man with God 

16,21.— 2) to appoint rio^in nri« 

TIH^rS her thou hast appointed 
fur thy servant Gen.24,14. - 3j to 
reprove, to rebuke "n§ O^jin njin 
^9^92 thou shalt indeed rebuke 
thy neighbor Lev.19,17; n^in-^fci 
Jl^i?^^. 18 T/. reprove not a scorner, 
lest' he hate thee Pr.9,8; 'hv «S 
T]p''3i« Tl^Q^I 1 will not reprove 
thee for thy sacrifices P8.50,S 
Tjn^J"' TJO^JT.tpn will he reprove 
thee for fear of thee? Jb.22,4; 
with 7 or 3 of the person: D3\"l 
33 D 8.11 ^20? rebuke a wise man, 
and be will love thee Pr.9,8; ]p, 
;j?T5J] T]5 r]''5i^ lest he reprove 
thee and thou be found a liar 
30,6; with 3 of the object: D'^p^H) 

?I^:3^8 y. v^^ n^K Dn^is and 

will reprove the words which 
the Lord thy God hath heard Is. 
37,4; inf. PDiH reproving, censure 
MP nyn n'^JV-HD what doth your 
reproving (censure) prove? Jb. 
6,25.— 4) to prove "Sg ^J^JT T]« 
O^jit^ V^g only [ will prove my 
ways before him (i. e. will show 
that they are right) Jb. 13,15; 
^?§^^ ^5?? T^'yn) and ye will 
prove against me my disgrace 
19,5.-- S) to chnstis3, to punisl 

0"?;^. ontr? vnnjini i win chastise 

• • • » . • 

him with the rod of men 2S.7,14. 

Hoph. njn to be chastised , 

punished (others: admonished) 

D^Kpp^ ns^n he is chastised with 
pain Jb.33,I9. 

HUhp. njlpri to dispute, to 
argue, to plead (with DV) DVl 
njlO! ^K"}Jf! and with Israel will 
he plead Mic.6,2. 

n^^'^2\ see n;^y . 


yy pr. n. 1) son of Simeon Gen. 

46,10 = an; lChr.4,24.— 2) an- 
other person Neh.l 1,10.— 3) name 
of one of the two pillars before 
Solomon's temple IK.7,21 (the 
other pillar was called Tg3). 

3 pi. ^hy^, A 1^^;; f,rf. "rjv, 1 Ss^w 

2 "jaw , 1 pi. "^SU ; inf. %J , '7i3"' ; 

I . T ' T ' 

verb. n. ri^^p 1) to be able, I can 
h'^yni Vd; k*? was not able to 
receive 2Chr.7,7j iDfi rhy] then 
thou Shalt be able to endure Ex. 
18,23; with finite verb for mf. 
'O'^^T. '"^y^^ njJ'^S how shall I be 
able to see Est.8,6; with a noun 
for inf. ]i^j^4 ^^5^^ tkh '•OOnj; how 
long will they yet not be able 
to cleanse themselves? Hos.8,5; 
S;V1 hb ^? ^nrT l know that thou 

• • • 

canst do every thing Jb.42,2 — 
2) to have a right, may Sjr-^^ 
nn78^ he may not send her away 
Deut.22,29.— 3) to prevail, to 
overcome; with accus.: 1D>^^ Jg 

^^^: ?^: ^'^^ ^®8*' ™^"® enemy say, 
I have prevailed against him Ps. 
13,5; with h: *h h^}^ ng3 by what 
means we may prevail against 
him Jud.16,5;/?^. to attain mental- 

243 T^* 


ly, to master r\h hs^i^'s<h HJ^p^J 
it is high, I cannot attain unto 
it (master it, comprehend it) Ps. 
189,6— 4) to bear, to suffer ink 
h^^H nh him will 1 not suffer Ps. 

101,5; n^VJ^lHi? ^3^^ ^^ I cannot 
bear iniquity with festive gather- 
ing l8.l,135 more fu^'y; hs^D t^h 
DH^ Pr.30,21 and S^n^ ...^DVl ^ 

• • • 

Am.7,10 it cannot bear. 
^y Ch. to be able, I can Dan.2, 

47; fut. hy, 3,29; with h: to pre- 
vail against 7,21. 
Aph. h^y,J2 to be able Dan.6,21. 

n'^by a in;j?3^. pr. n. mother of 
t: t: it. t, 

king Uzziah2Chr.26,3(^<i5n;75;); 

n^' , ^1^^ ; pt p. ni^; , c n^9^ ; 
mf. 1^;, nn::, n^,^, <. w'?, 
once n55 for nn^? = ni*?.^ is. 

4,19) 1) to bring forth, to bear, 
to beget n^niinpland she con- 
ceived, and bare Gen.4,1; tM^^^lK 
^^T?l thy father... that begat thee 
Pr.23,22; of birds: to lay eggs K.'jp 
ih^ kS] IJ^ as a cuckoo that 
hatchet h eggs which he hath not 
laid Jer.17,11; pt f. a) nnS;"» a 
travailing woman Hos. 13, 13. 
b) n^Sl"* as a finite verb: rrj^ 
]S ^? nnSl"» ?];??^« Sarah thy wife 
shall bear thee a son Qen. 17,10; 
as a substantive: she that hath 
born, one giving birth, a mother 
ri^y^n min nw this is the law 

for her that hath born Lev. 12,7:! 

9 I 





with sf. ?l{ni5"* she that bare thee, 
thy mother Pr.23,25; pt p. yh;^ 
one born, a child lli.3,26; poet-. 
nt^K "xh\ one born of a woman, 
i. e. a frail mortal Jb.14,1 etc. — 
2) to create, to produce DJ5^ is?^ 
\'r\ ^9 and the hoar-frost of the 
heavens, who hath begotten 
(created) it?— S) fig. to bring 
D^^ l!?rnB no ^"^ thou knowest 
net what a day may bring Pr, 

Niph. lH: (pL n^i: , for which 
y\h^^ lChr.3,5; 20,8;' /W. ^hV; pt 
1^'iJ , pZ. OnSi: ; m/* nSp) lo be 
born IJ^ynS Tji^qS 'l!?!!^ and 
unto Enoch was born Irad Gen. 
4,18; pt nSi: or a people to be 
born P8.22,32. 

FL n^.^ {mf, 1^:) to help to 
bear; pi. f. ^^,7.19 a midwife Gen. 
35,17, pi. ni^:p Ex.1. 15. 

Pm. n^.;* a. n^^^ to be born l!?.J 
^j^"lv.^ a* child is born unto us 
Is. 9,5;' h^^P'h ^^^'* "^5*8 who was 
born unto Israel Jud.l8,2y; DTt:3 
Th\ D^^n before the mountains 
were born (brought forth) Ps.90,2. 

Hiph. T'^in , -v^n (fut ^i''^ , 

i; to beget ^i^«'nN T'Hn irj 

and Hur begat Uri lChr.2,20-, 
ni:^! D"^iJ 1.^^*Jand he begat sons 
ynd daughters Gen. 5, 4 etc. — 
5) fig. of the earth: to fructify 
•"in'^pyni nTjr-ni and it fructifieth 
it and maketh it bud Is.55,10; of 
natural phenomena: to create 

^^'"b.i^. n''^^n-'»D who hath be- 

• • • 

gotten (created) the drops of 
dew Jb.38,28; in a moral sense: 
U« 'T'^.^ni S^r ng they conceive 
mischief, and bring forth iniquity 

Hoph. I?"] to be born; only 
verb. n. ril|?] (or Al,^1'*l) being 
born rinrns nn!?n bi" the birth- 
day of Pharaoh Gen.40,20; Di^J 
T|n^« rinpn in the day thou wast 
born Ez.16,4. 

Hithp. "l^yin to declare one's 
birth or pedigree, to cause one- 
self to be enrolled in a family 

register DDnStrp Si? nS^l and 
• • • . . 

they declared their petiigrees 
after their families Num.1, 18 (for 
which later tS^n^On , see trn'*>. 

V I V ' • • • 

child, male child; of young ani- 
mals Is. 11,7; D^JJ n*?^ the cliil- 
dren of strangers (i. e. foreigners) 

2,6; VrS"'"?.'?: children of trans- 

• * 

gression (i. e. transgressors) 57,4. 
m*?"* prop, female child, hence; 

maiden, girl Gen.34,4j Zch.8,5. 
nn^^ f' childhood, youth Eel 1,9; 

niV (pl- D^T^!) w. one born. 


]T?^ pr. n. m. 

T'p^ (c. n^^p m. one born, child 

n;3 T^) a homeborn child (i. e. 
a domestic) Jer.2,14; p^rn n;S 
the children of Anak Num. 13,22* 

r^^l see r]Sn . 


— T 



7?^ to wail, to lament (Kal not 



Hiph, h^^^n ifut. h>i:: for h>^\) ; 
imp. h^:n , pi. 1^>^\n) 1) to wail 
^'^'.:K :ig^D"^8 1 will wail for 
Moab Jer.48,31; ^'^^^W n$p lament 
and wail 4,2 — 2) to howl, to 
shout triumphantly ^h^^^T\\ ^^^pC 
their rulers howl l8.52,6 :='^9'»^V.). 

Hoph. hj^n ace. Stb. to be be- 
wailed ^*??n tkh vn'h^ni^ and 

• • • 

their maidens were not bewailed 
Ps.78,63 (but see under h^:j I). 

^t»^ m. howling yn^\p\ h^) howling 

of the wilderness Deut. 32, 10 
(poet, for the desert where wild 
beasts howl). 

iT^*?^ (c. rhh]) f, wailing, lamenta- 
tion Zph.1,10; Zch.11,3, etc. 

J7*P^ (same as J?^?) prop, to swallow, 
to devour, hence: to utter rashly 

ipj^Dninnsj trip y!r; DIN c*p;d 

it is a snare to a man who 
swalloweth (i. o. speaks rashly) 
that which is holy, and to look 
aftSr vows Pr.20,25. 


P]*?^ to stick, to cleave. 
nfiV itching scab Lev.21,20. 

• \ • 

P^^ 10 lick up, to eat off. 

Tiy (prop, licker) a kind of locust 

*^?P P^J9 as the rough (hairy) 
locusts' Jer.51, 27 C]jrjlt2jrS pjp.J the 
locust spreadeth itself out and 
flieth away Nah 3,16. 

Vy\Th\ (from t:p^) m. shepherd's 

bag IS.17,40. 

Q^ (c. D^ , before Makkeph D2 j sf. 
np: ; pZ. ca:) m. 1) sea D^H '^in 
the sand of the sea Gen.32,13; 
D;TO towards the sea IK.18,43; 
'ril^.n DV] the great sea (the 
Mediterranean) Num.34,8, other- 
wise called JiinSiJ DJD the hinder 
(western) sea Deut.ll,24j 6]1D'D2 
the sea of reeds (the Red Sea) 
Ex.15,4, otherwise called onVD^D^ 
Sea of Egypt 18.11,15; also of 
great lakes: r^l^ D^ the sea of 
Chinnereth (the sea of Galilee, 
or lake of Tiberias) Num.34,llj 
nir^n p; the salt sea (the Dead 
Sea) Gen. 14,3, otherwise called 

n^lSIJ D^ til® ^^* ^^ ^^^ desert 
Deut,'3,17 or ^^Dlpjl d; the eastern 
sea Jo 2,20; of a large river, as 
sf the Nile Is.lS,2 and its branches 
Ez.32,2; of the Euphrates Is.27,1; 
by hyperbole of a large vase, 
hence: nR^n^n ^1 the sea of brass, 
i. e. the great laver in the court 
before Solomon's temple 2K.25, 
13.— PI D"!?: Gen.1,22; Lev.] 1,9, 
etc.; poet, often for the sing. D^ : 
D^5"L7ln the sand of the sea Jb. 
6,3 (for D;n Sin); D^piciln the 
coast of the sea Gen.49,13 (^*n 
D^H); ^91^^ the heart (midst) 
of the sea Ps. 46, 3 (D^^^^S) — 
2) the west (the Mediterranean ly- 
ing west from Palestine) DJ. nil 
the west wind Ex.10, 19; D^"nNS 
the west side Ex.27, 12; with n loc. 
naj westward Gen.28,14, which 
moans also to the sea Num.34,5. 


Q^ Ch. sea ^(|^ SGP the great sea 

0^ w. only once pi D^D^ Qen.36,24 

ace. the Vulgate: warm springs 
(from DV 2)\ ace. the Targ. and 
Samaritan code = D^p^K , which 
see; others: mules. 

7N?D^ P^- w. son of Simeon Gen. 

•• • 

46,10 =-- hn^Di Num.26,12. 
nO^D^ P^- w. daughter of Job Jb. 

T • : 


1) the right, right side 1K pp; 

hMt? the right or the left Num. 

20,17 etc.; J'^pjp njsn c^OS ^V, on 

the side of the house from the 

right (i. e. on the right side of 

the house) IK.7,39; T?n V^] ihe 

right side of the city 28.24,5; as 

adj. rD;p8 the right eye IS.11,2; 

r?; T or simply ]^D; the right 

hand Jer.22,24; Cant.2,6; fig. might, 

strength ^ro^ i^-nyV^H his right 

hand (i. e. his might) hath gotten 

him the victory Ps.98,1; hence ol 

strengthening one: ^OniQn'irK 

• •• • • • 

ijip^^ whose right hand 1 have 
holden Is.45,1; t:lGjS-'^3 ^J^D'"? ^? 
because he is at my right hand, 
1 shall not be moved Ps.16,8. - 
rpj seems also to signify: right 
place, proper place ^rpv Djn ij? 
the heart of the wise man is at 
nis right hand, i. e. in its proper 
place Ec.10,2.-- 2) the south (it 
being to the light of the Semite 
whose face is turned to the east): 

I''?;! JISV north and south : 
13; jiD^?^;n pp^lj on the sou 
the desert 1S.23,19.— 3) pr. 

^riD^. V gent, same as ^;"»t}^na 

I"»p;j? .- 2) Ktib Ez.4,6 a. 
3,17* for ^jp:, which see. 

N7D^ pr, n. tn. 2Chr.l8,7 a. 8. 

n^D'' pr, n. m. IK.22,8 = K^)? 

"^hOlpr. n. m. 

]P"» (akin to ]W) to be firm, wl 
]^p; {Kal not used). 

Hiph. {denom, from |^P^) pi| 
\^^i} 1) to turn to the right 
njp^KI. *?kD^n-D« if thou tu 
the left hand, 1 will go tc 
right Gen.13,9; ^'•pB^nS^ Tpr 
turn to the right hand or ti 
left 28.14,19; see also under \l 
2) to use the right hand; j 
D^j^P^D able to use the 
hand lChr.12,2, 

]D^ Ch. see JPS . 

nJD^ pr, n. 1) son of Asher 

46,17. — 2) another person : 

^30^. (/•. n^JDp adj. right (not 
>iiy:r( n^Drn the right pillai 
7,21; n^jpp IT J.ia the tl 
of his right hand Lev.8,23; 8 
times T is understood: \ 
n^;p\5 his right finger, i. e, 
finger of his right hand Lev.: 

yJD^ P^' w. m. 




*Tp^ to alter {Kal not used). 

Hiph. 1^p%j 10 change Jer.2,11 
(=- 1'»prj from n^D , which see). 

Hithjh IGlOn to change oneself 
with any one, to take one's place 
nDVpil DT::?? in their glory ye 
shall take their place Is. 61,6 
(Eng. Bible: in their glory shall 
ye boast yourselves, taking, wiih 
many interpreters, 15?\?n fur 
^^^^^ , from IDN' , which see). 

T : • 

VQ"* (same as B^gD) to touch (Kal 
not used). 

Riph. C^>p\n to let feel; imp. 
with 8f, 'i^^C^n Ktib Jud 16,26 let 
me feel, for which Kri ^}5?"^9ri , 
as if from fi^lD . 

f*Nr Ec.l2,5 = f*j;, from p:, which 

nr (/«<. ny; , 2 p^. «/•. or j -, pt f, 

•1^1^) to oppress, to destroy D^^J 
irP let us destroy them together 
Ps.74,8; r\lS^n I'^yn the oppressing 
city Zph.3,1; njm ^^J^ the op- 
pressing (or destroying) sword 
Jer.46,16j also without a^.G: jiin 
njW the wrath of the oppressing 
sword 25,38. 

Hiph. n:in (3 pi ijin j /w. n;i^ , 

SpL W; pf. |>l. m. D^^lD; in/". 

ri:^n , «/•. cniin^) to oppress, to 

maltreat VTO-fiH* ir\s ^jlri-'rx ye 

•TV • ^ tl 

shall not oppress one another 
Lev.25,14; Tig TJJiiQ-nSt ^obSSDl 
01^? and I will feed thy op- 
pressors with their own flesh Is. 

49,26; with p : to force out by 
oppression DDtasD Dni:1nS to 
force them out by oppression 
from their possession Ez 46,1S. 
nlr pr, n. a city on the borders of 


Ephraim and Manasseh 2K.15,29; 
with n loc, T\n^ Jo8,16,6. 

D^r \,Ktib DV;) pr. n. a place in 

Judah Jos. 15,53. 
rij^r /". sucker, sprout Ez. 17,4 

(=' W^' ^ a. n g^a i "» , which see). 

pr {fut, pr; ; pt p;.i"») to suck the 

mother's breast Jb.3,12; Cant.8,1; 
hence: to drink Jb.20,16j fig. to 
receive ^pj^J D''DiyDp tj for they 
shall suck (i. e. receive) the 
abundance of the seas Deut.33,19. 
Hiph. p^rn (A*«. p^JV. or pjv. , 
f. py^r\ or ^i'^r\, ap. p:";nj) to 

give suck, to nurse "n^ ^j^ p;^0? 
\^n that she may nurse the child' 
for thee Ex.2,7; njrnB pj^fjl and 
she gave her son suck IS.1,23; 
fig- V!:e? tril npriand he made 
him to suck honey out of the 
rock Deut.32,13; pt. f. Dp. J ''5 
nurse Gen.35,8; sf. Inp;'*^ 2K.'ll,2; 
pi. n'p'*;^?} Is.49,23; of milch ani- 
mals Gen.32,16. 
tJ^B'r a. e]itrjp w. kind of a bird 

(ace. Targ. and Kimchi: night- 
owl, from «l^j ; ace. Septuagint 
and Vulgate: ibis) Deu*;.i4,16; Is. 

Ip^ {fvt. np; for iD^ij inf. io;, 

with h\ TD^S 2Chr.31,7) 1) to 
establish, to found, to set np^ 




.T^jiDD-Sy nS who hath founded 
the earlh upon her bases Ps. 
104,5; r\^0\ n^, hv in3;i8 he hath 
founded his Lcelestiall vault over 
the earth Am.y,6; Dn;BD3 r^^nip^) 
and I will set thee with sapphires 
18.54,11.— ^^ to appoint, to assign 

onh rno: nj Dipp-Sg unto the 

place that thou hast appointed 
for them P8.104,8j D''*?^ Hlg: l^tS^X 
Assyria appointed it for dwellers 
tn the desert Is. 23, 13 (Ges.); 
^^15! n"^5in7 for chastisement haat 

• • • 

thou appointed him Hab.1,12. 

Niph. nei: {fut. np): ; inf. ^RH) 
1) to be founded, established) inf. 
with sf. nwri its being founded 

• • • 

Bx.9,18; imp. IRJTl thou shalt be 
founded Is.44,28.— 2) to sit in 
counsel, to take counsel 0^31^*11 
nn^'Hpi^ and the rulers take 
counsel together P8.2,2; DIplHJ 
^2V "^01 while they took counsel 
together against me 31,14. 

PL ne: ifut. -i^r. ; m/*. np:) i) to 

found, to lay a foundation ^JJH 
I^N Ji^? np: 1 lay in Zion for' a 

foundation a stone Is.28,16; HglS 


^13D to lay the foundation of 

the house IK.5,3; Hjllpl^. ilbj? 

• • • • • 

with his first-born shall he lay 
Its foundation Jos.6,26.— 2) to 
appoint, to ordain ^^l§n 1Q\ ]J3'^5 
for 60 the king had appointed 

Est.1,8; HNin ^s^D?n Tj-jnp^nDn 

CriJ^DSJ they were those whom 
David and Samuel the seer did 
ordain in their trust lChr.9,22. 

Pu. np.; (pt niJ^D) to be foi 
1"! ri"»?. np? the foundation o 
house of the Lord was laic 
6,37; nnp;.D^i}8np^5^ am 
foundation was of costly s 
7,10j with hs ; T5-'';il«-^r D 
founded (set) upon socke 
fine gold Gant.5,15. 

Hoph. npn (pf. nO^D; ve 
np^n) to be founded, establ 

D^'3*?.8 this is the foundati( 
Solomon for the building o 
house of God 2Ghr.3,3 (Eng. ] 
these are the things wfa 
Solomon was instructed foi 
building etc.); l] n^J nplT h 
cause of the laying of the foi 
tion of the house of the 
Ezr.3,11; nj^D np^D a found 
founded, i. e. a sure found 
18.28,16 (the l8t is a noun 
2nd is a pt. with an irre; 

*TD^, *». prop, foundation, k 
beginning, commencement 
7335 njJ?.®'! the commence 
of the expedition from Bal 

• • • • 

8f'n'J^0)\pl alsoniiD;,«/*..T^ 
m. ground, foundation Le 
Mic.1,6;,11; fig. I^D^ 
u^^y the righteous is an evei 
ing foundation Pr.10,25.— 
Tp\5 tbe name of a gate 
Palace 2Chr.23,5 = 11D irg 

m^D^ 249 

m^DV- foundation; only with sf, 

tnw P8.87,i. 

*1^D^ m. one who departs; only pL, 
8f. Ktib Jer.17,13 "»:3^D: they who 
depart from me {Kri **yD)). 

TfB^ m. reprover, blamer Dy ilQ 

• ■ 

"llD^^ ^"j^ shall the reprover con- 
tend with the Almighty? Jb.40,2. 
?jp^ (= TpJ; /ti*. !]Q^;) to pour, to 

be poured ^p"»J Hh it shall not 
be poured Ex.30,32. 

n3D^ l>r. n. sister of Lot Gen. 11,29. 

IT : - : • 
tjp^ C** ^K; P*- *19^^ 18.29,14 a. 38,5; 
for fut, the Hi^^A. form Sj^pi^ is 
used) 1) to add (with hv) sp^) 
l-'^rin^^^pn and he shall add 
the fifth part thereof unto it Lev. 

22, u; Ti^9;-Si; t^pi*) ij^ri i win 

add unto thy days ts.38,5; mean • 
ing sometimes intensified by l^yt 
D^? t2^^§ niy i? nBp;i then Shalt 
thou add for thee three cities more 

Deut.i9,9j 1^8 ny^Dts^n-Si; nso^ 

^rir^^ thou exceedest (i. e. hast 
added to) the fame that I laeard 
2Chr.9,6; t^ltf ...nsp:? and [the 
remnant of Judah] shall add. . 
roots Is.37,31 (but see 3).— 2) to 
add to do anything Sip ♦..;"». 131 
e^; fc'?^ Snj the Lord spolie... with 
a great voice, and he added no 
more Deut.5,19; ^BDl t>h) ^«3:nn 

• • • • • 

they prop'iesied, but they did so 
no more Num. 11,25 (Eng. Bible: 
and did not cease).— 3) before 


other verbs as adv.: more, again 
2\^ n|p^^J^7 she returned not 
again Gen.8,1 2; with omission of 
a verb: 12^"^^^ •♦•.180^1 and [the 

• * • • • 

remnant of JudahJ shall again 
take root 18.37,31 (= niSH^ ngp^l 

Niph. e]Bl: [pt. e]|ji;) to be 
added, to be increased cjqIj y\y^ 
DO^^-K *°*^ there were added be- 
sides unto them Jer.36,32; tSt! 
niy eifl:] ntgp there is a man that 
scattereth, and yet [his wealth] 
is increased Pr. 11,24; pt f. pi 
nISDij additions (1. e. new calami- 
ties) Is. 15,9. 

Hiph. e]"^9in , ei''pn {fvd. e]'»pi'» , 

2 ci^pin , c^^pn , eiph , ap. ^ RTl , 
IP^nj , ^Pnj , once flpin Pr.30,6; 
2p^ once J^Sp«nEx.5,7' for ps^pin) 
i) to add, to give more iritT^prnXI 
V^V e]pv and he shall add the 
fifth part of it thereto Lev.5,16; 

^^99 nPO ^^3 '''tV ^B'"^"^^ ^hou 

shalt neither add thereto nor 
diminish therefrom Deut.l3,l;"nD 
n;pT ]itr^ TjS ei^-nD^ ?]> JP! ace' 
Ges.: what giveth to thee and 
what giveth more to thee thy 
false tongue J (i. e. what doth 
thy false tongue profit thee ?) 
Ps.120,3 (others; what will he, 
i. e. God, give unto thee? or what 
will he add unto thee, thou tongue 
of deceit?).— 2) to increase, to 
multiply ei^B DJJ uyh^ ^IBi^ ...;; 
D^pi^9 the Lord .. make you a 
thousand times so many as ye 




are Deut.1,11; 1|>«-Sj-n^ ;'. ei^l'J 
rtitah ai»K^ and the Lord in- 
creased twofold all that Job had 
Jb.42,10;n"^{)i:|ri-'rN e^ljlnj and she 
increased her whoredoms £z.23, 
14; D«n rfJC^ r\h ^B^pi^ the years 
of thy life shall be increased 
unto thee Pr.9,ll; DjS n^p^nS 
1D^(U^1 that it may increase unto 
you its productiveness Lev.l9, 
25.— 3) to continue, to do more, 
to do again, to do further (with 
another verb) NIDDS *18*J and he 
continued to sin (he sinned yet 
more) £x.0,34; rh^ ^'*} and again 
he sent forth Gen,8,10; e]''piHn 
n^jn^Pi ^^i^ shall I go up again 
to battle Jud.20,23; DipS ej^pi^-^S 
he shall rise up no more Ps.40,0; 
* sometimes with omission of the 
other verb: ^j'^ph t<h\ ^^Q liB Ig 
[K2^] hitherto shalt thou come, 
but no further [shalt thou come] 
Jb.38,11; liD) D'^rt^R Tl^-nt?2?! ,i3 
*]^p^^ may God do to thee thus, 
and continue to do so IS.3,17; 
sometimes with a finite verb 
instead of inf.: Dnifi 11^ «1'P^N' «^ 
1 will no more have mercy upon 

Hos.1,6; ?l^"^Nli>^. TP^^'^ ^^ thou 
shalt no more be called (or: men 
shall never more call tliee) Is. 


nD^ Ch. to add.— Hoph. eiO^.l to be 

added Dan.4,33. 

X^ (altin to nB^5; /ut, SdJ, 1 a. af. 

Q^fl^ ; Pt> IP") prop, to bind, to 
restrain, hence: to chastise, to 

reprove, to correct DUfWl ^0|S? 
in my desire 1 chastise them 

Ho3.10,10; rSv^ QP'' r!? "^B' ^^ 
that reproveth a scorner gelteth 
to himsftlf shame Pr.9,17; ^p\T 
U'^V nhn DV5 he that chastiseth 
nations, shall he not correct? 

Niph. IDiJ (fut. noy ; inf. ^Rp) 
to be chastised, instructed, cor- 
rected Ijr l^V'tkh on J-J3 a serv- 
ant will not be corrected by words 
Pr.29,19; 'm Vi2fl If ch?n; ^Pp 
7]SD be thou instructed, Jeru- 
salem, lest my soul depart from 
thee Jer.6,8. 

Pi. ne: {fut. npi: ; pt npip) i) 

• ■ 

to bind, to strengthen ^Hpin ^H^p. 
Dny^lT I have bound and strength- 
ened their arms Ho8.7,15.— 2) to 
chastise, to punish, to correct, 
to instruct, to warn DDnS "^B! ^?§ 

• • ••• • • 

my father hath chastised you with 
whips, but I will chastise you 
with thorns IK.12,11; DSC^pS n?M 
^^y^ VrtSx his God doth* instruct 

• • • • 

him according to the right, and 
doth teach him ls.28,26; r.^-^^S-eig 
^nvSp ^jnp: also by night my 

• • • 

reins instruct (warn) me Ps.16,7. 
Hiph. I^p^n (fut. TP::) to chas- 
tise, to correct Drnri vb???DTp;« 
1 will chastise (correct) them, 
as it hath been anounced to their 
congregation Hos.7,12. 

Nithp. *1pl? to be warned, in- 
structed n'^^PiU'h^ npir and all 

• • • « 

women may be warned Ez.23,48. 




p m. = ny^ , which see. 

Y^iV"* V' **• a person mentioned in 

lChr.4,9.— 2} ? city in Judah 
TO"* (/W. n»^:) i; to appoint, to 
fix i"y: Ig^K ny^an the set time 

• • • • 

which he had appointed him 2S. 
20,5; r\y^\ DD there hath he ap- 
pointed it Jer.47,7.— 2) to ^ltl 
upon as a wife, to betroth D^(| 
ni^y^: i:?^ and if he have be- 
trothed her to his son £x.21,9. 

^vph, ij?i: (/"u*. -ijn; ; ft. *irj) 

1) to agree, to malte an appoint- 
ment M^i^nrrnavj thev had 

• • • • • 

made an appointment together 
to come Jb.2,Il.— 2) to come to- 
gether, to gather together HgUJ 
'"^JV-T^? ?!;« all the congrega- 
tion shall gather themselves unto 
thee Num.10,3; vSv DHSJ^Sn that 
were gathered unto him 1K.8,5.~ 
S) to conspire, with Sv against 
Num.14,35; 27,3. 

Bvgh, l^yln (/uf. T'y1'») to ap- 
point a place or time, to cite 
before a court, to arraign 'Dljtl 
ijTyi^ ^9 tSSB^pS and if justice,' 

• • • 

who will cite him for me to ap- 
pear? Jb.9,l9; ^JTr '9^ V^C3 ^p "? 
who is like me f and who will 
arraign me? Jer.49,19 a. 50,44. 

Ho^h. nyin (p*. nr^C) to be 

fixed, set, directed D"^j80 ^K'J^'^ 
^^. n^5 ^JJpS DnriD baskets of figs 
set before the temple of the Lord 
.Ter.24,1: Pinrt^ T^^ HJK witherso- 

ever thy face is set (directed) 

Ili;^ CKiib ny.:) pr. n. see 1*1? . 
• ■• • * 

nsr to snatch or sweep away nVJI 

^J? npne nnj and the hail shall 
sweep away the refuge of lies 

ni;^ (from TKSl) m, shovel for the 

V T ^^ 

removing of ashes; only fl. D^VJ 
Ex.38,3; Num.4,14j IK.7,40, etc.; 
b{. Vy; Ex.27,3. 

^N^y^ a. 'tM^V: l>r. n. i; a prince 

of the Reubenltes lChr.5,7.- 2) 
the founder of Gibeoii lChr.9,35.— 
3) a military officer of David 
lChr.11,44.— A) a scribe of king 
Uzziah 2Chr. 26, 11 and othei 
X^^ pr. n. m. 

*l^j;^ Km for n'^v; , which see. 

Dnlj;^. Z«i6 Ez.34,25 for D'•^y5 woods, 

ty^J?^ pr, n. a son of Esau Gen.36, 

18,' for which KUb. tr^V^. in verses 
5 a. 14. 
T»^ (= Tir) to be hard, impudent 

IkcX not used).— iVip*. !><. tyi: D« 
a fierce (impudent) people 18.33, 
19 (ace. Ra8hi = tri^ Dg Ps.lU,! 
a people of a strange language, 
a foreign people). 

^N'rr^ pr. n. m. lChr.l5,18 = SKn.a 

.• . — ..— 

v. 20. 

'I n * T r ^ pr. n. m. 

IT' -: - 

TTr^ a. ^lliT pr. n. a city of the 
Amorltes Num.32, 1, which was 




allotted to the tribe of Gad v. 35, 
and later belonged to Moab Is. 

ay^ (= n^y) to cover, to clothe 
^JD^: ngiy ^''VP he hath clothed 
me with the robe of righteous- 
ness Is.61,10. 

^V\ Ch. (= Heb. f^jn) to counsel; 

pi tSj;; counsellor, pi. af. \'liDJ?: 
Ezr.7,14 a. 15.— lihp. ttr^nj^ to 
consult together Dan.6,8. 

hH'V see h^^r. . 

• • • • • 

yj)'' pr. n. m. lChr.20,5 (KUb IIRJ), 

in the parallel passa^^e 28.21,19 
n'^XlH ^tlS: (ace. Ges. U^i^H is 

• • • 

probably repeated from the follow- 
ing D^J'IN li^D by an error of 

py^ pr, n. m. 

^r^ (= nSy) i; to ascend.— 2) to 

be high, to have worth, to be of 
value {Kal not used). 

Hiph, *7^vin (fut. *?^ri^) i; tc be 

of value, to be of use, to profit, 
to help, to assist nnr« ^h^V^^'tkh 
V?^ treasures of wickedness profit 
nothing Pr.10,2; ^'^^"^ \ninS they 
help forward my downfall Jb.30, 
13; }2hn lSy1>-NS '•tins they go 
atter those that profit nothing 
(1. e. after idols) Jer.2,8; with sf, 
TJlS^yi^ Is.57,12.— 2) to have or 
receive profit \n«C)np b'^VH nij 
what more profit shall I have, 
than if I had sinned? Jb35,3 
CEng Bible: what profit shall I 

have, if I be cleansed from my 
sin?); i3"W9; ^9 h'^V^rnC\ and 
what profit should we have. If 
we pray unto him? 21,15. 

^r^ I. ipl. D^!?8: , c. ^^Sl) m. wild 

goat, ibex, chamois P8.104,18; Jb. 
39,lj D>S};;g ^^i^V the rocks of the 
wild goats IS.24,3. 

7r^ 11. pr, n. 1) a Judge in Israel 

before the age of Deborah Jud. 
5,6.— 2) the wife of lleber the 
K«nite Jud.4,17. 

N^r^ see nhsi 2. 

n9r^ (/•. of Sr; i.) i) a wiid she- 

goat, female ibex; fig. of a lovely 
woman ]n ViTS^ the graceful 
ibex Pr.5,l9.- 2)pr. n. m. Ezr.3.56 

= vhvi Neh.7,58. 

D?r^ or. n. a son of l^sau G?n.36,5. 

]j;^ (= n^y) 1) to raise a cry, to 
howl, hence ]3?^ a. HpiT .— 2) to 
call back, to answer, to respond, 
whence JIJ^. 

|ff^ 1) prep, because of, on account 
of (with a noun) t]jp1a9;n-Sj jyj 
because of all thine abominations 
Ez.5,9; '»0\? ISl ••♦HQ 15?; because 
of what?... because of mine house 
Hag.1,9.— 2) conj, because \lt. 
\^iK nn^^ because thou hast 
forgotten me t:z.23,35; 1\n^^ JJg 
?]^rp3 because thou hast trusted 
(prop, because of thy trusting) 
In thy works Jer.48,7; 1??K 182 
because that, : because Gen.22,16 
etc.j ^5 ]V2 becaue Is.3,16; some- 




times doubled for emphasis: ]V1 
]y:? Ez.36,3 or ]}?:3') ]??: Lev.26, 
43 because, even because. 

Iff^ m. prop, howler, hence: ostrich; 

only pi D^^r; Jer.4,3* 

mV^ f' prop, howl, hence: HiJJl nj 
T-:- ^ • . 

female ostrich Lev. 11,16; pi, n^J| 
nj81 Mic.1,8. 

tjr 1. (M. eiS?: a. eir'*: , 3 pZ. 1B»1 , 

<*» ^S^^ a. ^S,?J''l) i^ to weary one- 
self, to be faint, to exert oneself 
V^^l D^'jyj ^BKM even the youths 
shall be faint and be weary Is. 
40,30; ^tV\ p^T^ni they shall 
weary themselves in vain Hab. 
2,13; ISr**: kS n'»t?n3P S3 all they 
that seek her will not weary 
themselves Jer.2,24. 

t^i 11. (= f\m to fly; only Hoph. 

pt ^^p being caused to fly Dan, 
9,21. See also under ^V>, . 

M\ m. flight «1¥^3 «irt} being caused 

to fly swiftly Dan.9,21. 
t|i;^ (from e]a; L; i>Z. D^?)j;p or?/. 

wearied, faint 28.16,2; Jud.8,15. 

yvi (= ny ; M- n') ; i^*. r«^' . rs' i 

pi D''VK^^ ; pt. i>. P»;) i; to make 
firm, to fasten ^rr ;i\|;r HVg'^K 
I will fasten mine eyes upon thee 
Ps.32,8 (Eng. Bible: I will guide 
thee with mine eye).— 2) to 
counsel, to advise nyj? KJ r\fV>^ 
let me give thee counsel IK.1,12; 
"•JVVP^K who hath given me 
counsel Ps.16,7; pi. Y^y coun- 


sellor 2K.15,12; Is.9,5; f. n^fri^ , 
8f. Vllf2^"* his counsellor, adviser 
2Chr.22,3.— 3) to take counsel, 
to decide, with h^ or Sg: YK 

ny*} DJB T1''J;¥ ^yjfia ^^'^ taken 
evil counsel against thee (or: hath 
decided evil against thee) Is 7,5; 
m^'^^ r8p?8 ;rn;r8 the coun- 
sel of the Lord, that he hath 
taken against Edom Jer.49,20. — 
4) to devise {^y;nlDI K^ be de viseih 
wicked devices Is.32,7. 

Niph. YTi iM. Yv^: ; pt. rv^^^ 

1) to consult with one another, 
to take counsel f*r1: '•IJ'nfeJ. with 
whom took he counsel f Is.40,14; 
n^ DV YV,l\l he took counsel 
with his princes 3Chr.32,3; n^gJJ 
nrP let us take counsel together 
Neh.6,7. — 2) to advise, to con- 
sult together D^V?^: ^^^ T8 how 
do ye advise IK. 12,6; "^iinia? ^V?;: 
they have consulted together with 
one heart P8.83,6. 

suhp. {ftd. rj?;w) to 

consult together ?]^^.^BV'9? ^'vg^pV 
they have consulted against those 
thou protectest P8.83,4. 

2pO*^ pr. n. son of Isaac, after- 

wards named ^^'^] Gen 25,26; 
32,29, founder of the Israelitish 

riDbtf'' pr. n. w. lChr.4,36. 

IP?^ pr. n. an Edomite chief IChr. 

V,42 = Ji^a Gen.36,27j ] p^2 1 V.5 
a place in the wilderness Num. 

"i»l I" i»;; »f. ^la:-. j»i. onyp i; 

forest, wood 1»J"''XS fees of the 
wood Ps.96,12-, ns:Hh^.D beasts of 
the forest (wild beasts) 50, 10; 
with n loc, rr^S.!!! to the wood 
Jera7,15.— 2) honey-comb ^iji'DW 
^?^5TDV ^12?- I liave eaten my 
honey-comb with my honey 
Cant.5,1 (comp. H'JSp).- 3) nnj? 
D^iy^P^- w- ^ city on the boundary 
of Judah and Benjamin Jo8.9,l7 
= on? nnp Ezr.2,25 = H^M , 
which see. 

m»^ tc. ^yil ; ^' riilg:) i; forest, 
wood r^l^! *l^njl and maketh 
bare forests Ps.29,9.— 2) comb 
B^5T niKl honey-comb 1S.14,27 

(= nj?;. 2). 

mtf^ !>»•• «. w. lChr.9,42 = H^S^n; 

ntf ^ P'-. w. see n^V^ . 

• • • 

^tsrr^ (fa* itr«:) k- »»•,36. 

mm » — .^ 

prop, to shine hence: to be fair, 
beautiful npyj-nDI iTSJ-HD how 

• • • . 

fair and how pleasant ait thou 

Cant.7,7; i^"]^? ^j'^^land it was 

beautiful in its greatness £z.31,7. 

Pi, Ti^\ to beautify, to deck 

(with ::) ner. :iny?^ 1C33 they 

deck it with silver and with 
gold Jer.10,4. 

Pi*. redupL. Hgjg^ to be verj? 
fair, beautiful D^JK V,-?9 5^?;f? 
thou art much fairer than the 
children of men Ps.45,3. 

Hithp. ngirin to make oneself 
fair, to adorn oneself ^gynO c<1t^t^ 
in vain shalt thou make thyself 
fair Jer.4,30. 

nfi^ (c. ng: ; f, ns; , c. ns: , pi ma; , 

c. DIB? a. ^B^) at(/. fair, hand- 
some, beautiful n;n-«'7 Di^^585^ 
n«9 'j^n*? Sgn?^: S53 n?;-!r\y and 

like Absalom there was no man 
so exceedingly handsome in all 
Israel 28.14,25; ^0;?p n|;?I^?thou 
art all fair, my love Cant.4,7; 
nSie na*^! nKriViB: of handsome 
form and handsome appearance 
Gcn.29,17; D^^?. Hg; having hand- 
some eyes IS. 16, 12; Sip ngj one 
that hath a pleasant voice F.2. 
33,32.— 2) good, suitable, fitting 
Inyj n.p^ good in its proper time 

Ec.3,11'; StoK>.nfi;ig^R that it is 
• . • • • • • 

fitting to eat 5,17. 
n*fi"nfi^ (prop. .TSg:, redupl of 

ng^) adj. f, very beautiful Jer. 

Ifi^ l>r. n. Joppa, a maritime city 

on the Mediterranean, now called 
Yafa Jos. 19,46 = Kis; Ezr.3,7. 

nfi'' (akin to ngi) to breathe heavily; 

only Hithp. ngirin to pant, to 
sigh Jer.4,3i. 

nfi' (c. 0,?.:) ado- breathing DDn Dfi"; 

and such as are breathing vio- 
lence Ps.27,12. 




beauty splendor ?1599t ^9^- *^® 
beauty of thy wisdom Ez.28,7,* 
^:§1^'290W15 the king shall 
greatly desire thy beauty Ps.45, 
12; 1''5:? I&n the king in his 

• • • • V • 

splendor Is.33,17. 

»^B^ pr. n. 1) a son of David 2S. 

5,15. — 2) a king mentioned in 
Jo8.10,3.— 3) a place in Zebulun 

nSfl^ P'"' **• i> father of Caleb Num. 

• • • 

13,6. — 2) another person IChr. 

pSi"^ I. to shine, to glitter (Kal not 

Hiph. vyn (f%d, s^pi^ , ap ys'^) 

1) ir, to cause to shine, to shed 
light i:j» 1i« S'9*^n) and he caused 
the light of his cloud to shine 

Jb.37,15; nygin D^if^T n^iT^v] 

and that thou shouldst shed light 
upon the counsel of the wicked 
10,3.- 2) Mr. to shine yQ'F\ hv) 
^'yQi 1''^? neither let the light 
shine upon it Jb.3,4; fig. of God: 
pKgnnprp^T he shone forth 
from mount Paran Deut.33,2, 

yS^ II. ace. Fuerst: to envelop, to 
veil {Kal not used). 

Hiph. S^^in (fwt. ap. yg^ to 
veil '^gi^'iDJ ygnj and it veils 
like darkness Jb.10,22. 

?^Vp\ f' brightness, splendor Ez« 

nC^ pr. n. Japheth, son of Noah 


Gen.6,10 (from H^^, which see). 
In the genealogical table Gen. 10, 
2—5 r\p,l appears as the pro- 
genitor of the peoples north and 
west of Palestine. Gibers regard 
the above derivation of the name 
merely as an assonance and de- 
rive nfij from ngj denoting the 
white-colored race (the Arians) 
distinguished for its beauty 
TlF\Ei\ iw. n. 1) judge of Israel Jud. 

11,1. — 2) a place in Judah Jos. 

^NTli'lfi^ iw- n. a valley on the 


borders of Asher and Zebulun 
Jos. 19,14. 

»T ifut. Hlf,,)', pt, «X^>, KX\ vL 

cr«yi\ c. ^}^f\ f. nNT\ pi. 

nixiv ; imp, NV , ^ n«V Jud.9,29, 

pi ^NV; f. ^n. pi nyKV; inf. «v; , 
n«x , «/". ^?«X) to go out, to go 

forth (with ]p from a place) ^KVJ 
nj{?2"lP they went forth out of 
the ark Gen 8,19; with accua.: 1«V^ 
T^yn'n^ the were gone out of 
the city 44,4, sf, '•:«'3f:^ '•i| my 
children are gone forth of me 
Jer.10,20; I^V? W tbose going 
out of the city Gen 32,20; D^VppI 
nj^a n^tj njNyrj ye shall go oiit 
through beaches, every one 
through that before her Am.4,3; 
of the celestial luminaries: to 

appear, to riso Tl?"?'^?? ^'Vx^P.f •! 
the sun was risen upon the earth 
Gen. 19,23; D-^Jjin n«.V ir till 
tne stars appeared Neb. 4, llx, 


25ft HT 


fig, to como forth, to escape HV 
nhrr\^, ST. Q'^rf^^* he that fe&reth 

• • • • • 4 

Qod shall come forth (escape) 
from them all Ec.7,lSj ]!^p n^^n 
l«r Drni h^t<U) Saul and Jonathan 
were taken, but the people escaped 
18.14,41; of a decision: K^ Vfi 
*1J^n the thing proceedeth from 
the Lord Gen.24,50; DID^D 131 «V.! 
let there go forth a royal order 
)Sst.l,19; of a lot: "^i^D ^^t^H «X.U 
pi^pC^S and the second lot came 
i^orth to Simeon Jos.l9,lj of plants: 
wO grow, to spring forth ^itgn 
'^[53 KX^"» 1C*8 the hyssop that 
upringeth out of the wall 1K.5, 
!3; of money: to be laid out 

(with hv) n:2n-'?i? N'v;. ig^g VdS^ 

'^lynS and for all that was laid 
Dut for the house to repair it 
:!K. 12,13; of time: to expire, to 
come to an end T]f^T] nKV3 at 
the expiring (i. e. at the end) of 
the year Ex.23,16; hence of the 
destruction of a state: ^'n3'35 
?]riNXlJ .MD^;«n th^ isles... shall 
be troubled at thy end Ez.26,18; 
fig. of the heart or soul: to fail 
DSS «X.*J and their hear! failed 
ihem Gen.42,28j ^313 HgVl '•?^W 
my soul failed when he spoke 

ir/p*.«^Vin (fut. N^v^\ ap. j<y;^ ; 

pi. N'»ViD, once i^pD Ps.l35,Vi 
imp. «X^^, once H^V^H Is.43,8) 
prop, to cause to go out or go 
forth, hence. 1) to bring forth 
n^TiT} ini< «X^y and he brought 
him forth abroad Gen. 15, 5.~- 

2) of things: to carry forth 'tih) 

ri|8^a Di"»3 D.3''R2p Kb^D m^iri 

neither carry forth a burden out 
of your houses on the Sabbath 
day Jer.17,22.— 3>-to take out 
n«V^*ipD5 ^T «3i3 and he put 
his hand into his bosom and he 
took it out Ex.4,7.— 4) to bring 
out (from prison), to set free 
I^Dg n^pai; N*»yin^ to bring ont 
the prisoner from the prison lb. 
42,7; '•3>*g >*n'ia that bringeth 
me forth, i» e. dclivereth me, 
from mine enemies 28.22,49.— 
5) to put away, to send away 
D^J '^J ^'V^b to put away all 
the wives Ezr.10,3.— 6) to utter, 
to report *h D''K''ViD Vn ''IJl they 
reported my words to him Neh. 
6,19; hence: to spread DR» «"^Vln 
y^ he hath spread an evil name 
Deut.22,19.— 7) to bring forth, 

to let grow YW\^ ^^i ^'^"^^^ 
that they may bring forth bread 
out of the earth P8.104,14 «X*J 
rn^ and brought forth buds Num. 
17,23; of mechanical production: 
^ni?l|D^ '•^?«''Y^D1and that bringeth 
forth an instrument for his work 
Is.54,16.— 8) to exact, hence with 
78 to impose as a tribute HV} 
^Nnt?r^r qOSn-nS Onip and Men- 
ahem exacted the money of 
Israel (i. e. imposed a tribute 
on them) 2K. 15,20. 

Hoph. KV^^ to be brought forth, 
to be led out n«Vn D^srO K%11 

TT T-T. • . 

it is brought forth out of the 
nations Ez.38 8; pt. f. flWV^D K\'J 


she was brought forth Gen.38,25. 

tty Ch. to go out {Kal not used).— 

Shaplid HV^p to bring to an end, 

to finish T\T\ HiTS K^V'I?! a"d he 

• • • • • 

finished this house £zr.6,15. 
yi"^ to set, to put, to place— ij^, 

from which Niph.^ Hiph. and Hoph. 
are formed. 

RUhp. nXOT {fut. :iJf:o: , r. once 
ajfDi!) for ijfliTfl Ex. 2,4; im;). 
^ njyyj'"?) i> to pluce oneself, to 

stand nnn rr'jinjna nrn;i and 

they stood at the nether part of 
the mount Ex.19,7; with ^A^S or 
bV: to stand before, to present 
oneself 2%10\ D'?*;? 'AS^ he shall 
stand before lilngs Pr. 22, 29; 
?;.-*"r 2ty\r\h to present them- 
selves before the Lord Jb.1,6.— 
!^) to take a stand, to stand firm, 
Di'' n^V^y ax:0!l and he toolt his 
stand (for combat) forty days 
IS.17,16; with Dr: lo withstand, 
to stand up against 7IQV V^) 
DJfynriT none is able to withstand 
thee"2Chr.2a6i \':gB-Dy \S 2'£^r\\ '•D 
I JK who will stand for me against 
the worliers of iniquity Ps.94,16. 

Xff* to stand (Kal not used) 

^ Hiph. J^n iM. J**?: , :xil; pt. 
rv5; irnp. pi u^^nj in/*. :):r[) 

1) to put, to place (a person or 
a thing) Jud.7,5; 6,37; with ^}}h : 
to present before Gcn.47.2.— 5; to 
set down as, to make 'rbW ^JJI^VHI 

« ■ 

D^^Oy he hath made me a byword 
of the people Jb.I7.6; ^^? ^ij^VO 
p^*! he hath set me down as an 

empty vessel Jer.51,34.— 3) to 
establish De?*D nrg^J ^rynj and 
establish Judgment in the gate 

Hoph, Jljfn to be left, to remain 

:iV.J DJ^pj'i D?J^V pn only your 
flocks and your herds shall re- 
main Ex. 10,24. 

nnS^, (from inj) m. 1) oil Jo.1,10; 

^^T. ^.>n the best of the oil Num. 
18,12; inv: n\r.oiI olive 2K.18,32; 
poet. iny;n ^}2 those anointed with 

• • • 

oil Zch.4,14. - 2) pr. n, father of 
Korah Num,16,lj pair, '•^nv; 3,27. 

r«;: (from vt\\ 8f. ""y^v;; pi c. "yiv; , 

8f. ^S^V^J m. 1) prop, a spreading, 
hence: bed, couch Qen.49,4; fiy. 
of the grave Jb.17,13.- 2) Ktib 
IK.6,5 for y^; , which see. 

prrS^ i>r. n. Isaac, son of Abraham 

by Sarah Gen.21,3 etc ; = pni?t 
Ps. 105,9; Jer.33,26; Am.7,9 a. i6 
(in Amos it stands for the whole 
nation of Israel). 

K^S'* {pi. c. '•S''?:) m. one who is 

come forth, descended VrD ^N^Y^ 
they that came forth of his own 
bowels (i. e. his descendants) 

i^r Ch. {def. M'^V?; f. ny^T) adj. 

true, faithful «n^p S'^T I he thing 
is true Dan.6,13; as a n.; truth 
njt? nV2H Kyri 1 askod him the 
truth 7,16; as adv.: NJ'V- certainly, 
surely 3,24 = ^^^'IP 2,8. 

V'V^ (from Vj;) t». (/•. IK.6,6) prop 





spreading, hence! floor, story IK. 
6,6 a. 10. 

y'i^ to spread {Kal not used). 

Hiph. y^Jfn to spread out, to 
make as a bed 3in bi«B^ ni;'»V«1 
if I make my bed in hell, be- 
hold, thou art there P8a39,8. 

Hoph. yvn ifut yx;) to be spread 
out, to become a bed yv^ Tl^nnQ 
rt^*] the worm is spread under 
thee Is.U,ll; D'»?1^ yXp§KJ P8^ 
sackcloth with ashes became the 
bed of many Est.4,3. 

ps; iM, p5f: , pi, ^p^: ; fut. n. py? , 

nip?;; imp, pT^,p)i; inf.'pT,, 
^(1,X) V ^o pour, to pour out 
Ez*24,3; 2K4,41; fig. Sj?!*:? n^T 
12 pW a wicked deed is poured 
out upon him (i. e. ace. Ges.: the 
wrath of God is poured upon him 
on account of his wickedness); 
intr, to be poured out, to run 
out njen-Dl pVl and the blood 
of the wound ran out IK.22.35. - 
2) to melt, to cast (metal) pV*J 
anr riySD ysIS ^*? and he cast 
for it four rings of gold Ex.37,3; 
intr. to be molten, to flow to- 
gether, to thicken, to harden 
p^fiaS ^S? nj^X^ when the dust 
thickens into a hard mass Jb. 
38,38; pt. p^r hard, firm piv; I3S 
T3S'~lD3 his heart is as firm as 
a stone 41,16. 

Pi p%) to pour out;i?t. Z'. ng VI? 
2K.4,5 {.Ktib). 

Hiph. p^y?7 to pour out: only 

pt f, ni?.Vto «\ni and she poured 
out 2K.4,5 {Kri)! 

Hoph, pvn {fui, pVV , pt, p^lD) 
1) to be poured out ''75? pVl'»-nr8 
nng^tpn ]g^ Ib^J^I upon whose 
head the anointing oil is poured 
Lev.21,10; fig, TJ^oSlSli?? )n pvn 
grace is poured upon thy lips 
Ps.45.3. — 2) to be molten or cast 
pj^D D;n-nS tVVi and he made 
a molien sea 111.7,23.— 3) to be 
thickened, hardened; whence fig, 
to be firm or steadfast 0^12 iT\'Ti 
«Y0 ^^1 thou Shalt be stead- 
fast, and Shalt not fear Jb.11,15. 

p?^ II. (= ^V;) only Hiph. p^H 
{fvi. p^V-) to place, to set Joa. 
7,23; 28.15,24. 

npV (from pr 1.; «/: inpr) /: a 

It*. : ' T IT.: » 

casting (of metal) ^npra D^pV! 
cast in Us casting (i. e. cast when 
it was cast) IK.7,24. 

ir I. (alcln to ■)« II.; fvt. II. ; iV: , 

n «f « , only witii »/•. TnxN, iniy: ; 

/•u<. 11. -ir: , 13?' , ap. I?;: , li?;. , 

i-ir, n^r, «nT) prop, to cut, 

lio'iice: 1) to fashion imv nirpoai 

• • • 

and fashioneth it with hammers 
Is.42,12.— 2) to form, to make, 
to create 1§y C3n«n"nH ...J.l "IXVJ 
np58n"]lp and God... formed man 
of ihc dust of the ground Gen. 
2,7; 1B33 TI"??? Die? before I 
formed thee in the womb Jer.1,5; 

DJ? ^""3?!? 7i;P«5 TIIV^ I have 
formed and set thee for a co\e- 
nant with the people ls.42,6 % 



40,8 (others render ^'y(S in this 
passage: *I will keep thee', from 
1^^, which see); ^S '•iinj; n'DS 
this people have I formed for 
myself Is.43,21; fig, to purpose, 
to devise n|fe^J|J ^ti ''QIX; I have 
purposed it, I will also do it 46, 
11.— Pt. 1X^^ a) as a verb: form- 
ing, devising tD'»5^ J^Sq ]^y IX'^'D^ 
be that formed the eye, shall he 
not see ? Ps.94,9; ^"yi^^ I^N ^t^ 
1\pn forming the light, and creat- 
ing darkness Is.45,7;D9\SiJ IV* '• ^JiK 
nri I devise (Eng. Bible: I frame) 
evil against you Jer.8,11; af. JJ 

1939 T\t\ ^^y the Lord who 
made thee, and formed thee from 
the womb l8.44,2. b) as a noun; 
former, creator, etc*; see under 

NipK IV^i to be formed, created 
hn nVlrxS ^as^ before me there 
was no God formed ls.43,10. 

Ptt. nx: to be formed nv^ D"*?: 
the days that were formed Ps. 
139,16 (others: the days ordained, 

Hoph. ism (fut 1VV) to be 
made, formed Tj^Sr "Ijr ^J"?"^? 
Tlfyi\ Kv no weapon that is formed 
against thee shall prosper Is. 

ISM. (=ni^a. n^VL, A«^. nr., 

1) to be straitened, to be narrow 
VSS 1V.r«^ thy step shall not 
be straitened Pr.4,12 (comp. Jb. 

18,7); :3B^i*p nyjn nny "5 it (the 

land) shall now be too narrow 
by reason of the inhabitants is 
49,19.— 2) to be in straits T^k'??? 
lS 1^\V5i? in the fulness < f his 
sufficiency he shall be in straits 
Jb 20,22.— 3) to be distressed, 
grieved (impersonally) DH^ 15f,*J 
nkp and they were greatly dis- 
tressed Jud. 2, 15{ |^:tj«^ n^jj 
Wnrin? and Amnon was so 
grieved, that he fell sick 2S.13,2 
(so also f. M.S •iXiJll Jud.10,9; IS. 
ir (from nr I.; ef. ny>.) m. 1) for- 

mation, frame, workiiyi^ IB^IXIl 
I^jn 8<7 shall the frame say of 
him that made it, he hath no 
understanding Is.29,16; J^T Kn-'»5 
^yyf) for he knoweth our frame 

Ps.103,14; vhv nr. ^t nej ''? 

that the maker of his work (others: 
idol, image) trusteth therein Hab. 
2,18.— 2) imagination, thought, 
mind DHKH ^h l^..^ the imagina 
tion of man's heart Gen. 8,21; 
nill^DB 15f.1 the imaginations of 
the thoughts lChr.28,9; Tj^Df IJl 
staid (1. e. confiding) mind Is. 
26,3.— 3) pr, n. son of Naphtali 
Gen.46,24; pair. '»*3V1 Num.26,49. 
^S^ (only pi n'^yf]) m. prop, form, 

hence: member, limb ^5f3 ^*1V) 
D^? and all my limbs are as a 
shadow Jb,17,7. 

"^yi] pr. n. m. 1) a person nentioned 
in lChr.25,11 = ny v. 3.— 2) 
of "^ $.1 Num.26,49. 



— T 


rW (M- ^T. , pi' V15f:) to kindle, 


to set on fire, to burn ^35p2 nVHI 
"irin and It shall kindle in the 
thickets of the forest Is. 9, 17; 
'}DT, li*S? M.n>TiytrUnd her gates- 
shall be burned with fire Jer51, 
58; n:n¥^ C?W n\Sj5^ and her 
daughters (villages) shall be 
burned with fire Jer.49,2. 

Niph. nyj 1) to be kindled, 
burned "^^'jSD Hiiyj burned up 
like a wilderness Jer.9,11; nnvi?^ 

• • • • 

^^^ ^DVJ and her gates are burned 
with fire Neh.l,3j fig. of anger. 

^^5 n^vj K^n-nffs ;". noq the 

wrath of the Lord that is kindled 
against us 2K,22,13. 

Hiph. n'^yn {fxu. n^r , ap- ^!f2 ; 

pt. r.^VB) to kindle, to set on fire, 
to burn Jer.11,16 a. Jud.9,49. 

2p^ to hollow out, to excavate. 

3 f^) - (from 2p' J 8f, 713i?: ; pZ. D^5R: , 

c."*''3i?:,*/-. T,3P,Vtn. ^^ wine-vat 
(receptacle into which the new 
wine flowed from the press) Jo. 
2,24.— 2) wine-press Jb.24,11.— 
3) IlgT ^{(! n. place where 
Zeeb, the king of Midian, was 
defeated Jud.7,25. 
'?NS2D"' iw- w. a city in Judah,25 =^r5V?i2 Jos.15,21 and 

np; (fut npj: , T pj. ; pt- r- n np^ ; 

j?<. 1?. nip^; m/"- "^^PP to glow, to 
bum, to blaze Deut.32,22 a. Is.lO, 
16; pt. p. as noun, see ipj. . 

Hoph l^An (fut. ^pV) to be 

kindled or burned Lev.6,2j fig. of 
anger Jer.15,14. 
*7p^ Ch. to burn, to flame; vt f. 

wijTp.T burning Dan.3,6. 
tClP^ Ch. (c. nip.l) /". burning, con- 


flagration Dan.7,11. 

DX^ID^ l>r. n. a city in Judah Jos. 
T :i:t 

np^ V to be firm, to attach to one, 
to obey. — 2) to collect, to gather 

np'' pr. n. m. in the superscription 

of the 30th chapter of Proverbs. 
This superscription Hj?;;"]? nu« 
may have a symbolic meaning: 
^collector of preachings concern- 
ing obedience', a title alluding to 
nn^) in V. 17 (Stb.). 

T^ili^'' f' obedience D^?? nTO^ "h) 
and [until] to him shall be the 
obedience of the people Gen.49,10 
(Eng. Bible : the gathering of the 
people); DK"nn;p''^ n2Q) and de- 
spiseth to obey his mother Pr.30,17. 

l^p^ w. hearth ls.30,l4. 

nip: ' "^P: *^- * burning ip"; T g.^ 
e^K T|T? he shall kindle a burn- 
ing like the burning of a fire lo. 

D^p^ (from Dp) m. whatever exists, 

living thing Gen 7,4; Deut.11,6. 

B^Tp^ a. tf^p; (i)L D^G'-pp m. en- 

snarer, fowler Ps.91,3; Pr.6,5; 
D^pp": ^1^5 l^ir; they spy crouch- 
ing as fowlers Jer. 5,26 (Rng. 



Bible: they lay wait, a8 he that 
Betteth snares). 
^NTl^P^ pr. n. m. lChr.4,18. 

tOp^ !>»• «• Joktan, son of Eber and 
descendant of Shem Gen. 10,25 a. 
26, the progenitor of several 
tribes in southern Arabia (in 
Arabian he is called Kahtan), 

QW pr, n. m. of two persons. 
-)W adj. dear, beluved Jcr.31,20. 

Tjp^ Ch. adj, 1) weighty, important 

Dan 2,1 h— 2) noble, distinguished 

n^CD^ jK'. n. m. of two persons. 
DrOD^ P^' »*• a Levltical city in 

T * 1 1 T 

Ephraim IK.4,12 = DIMfJ Jo8.21, 
OrOD* jw. n. m. lChr.23,19. 

OrJu^ pr- n. a Levitical city in 


Zeuulun Jos.12,22. 

i'i51 ^- (= J^i^V» Z*^- J^ i^") prop, to 

remove oneself, hence: to be out 
of joint, to be dislocated V[i^l 

-'p81 nT."^3 *"^ ^^^® hollow of 
Jacob's thigh was out of Joint 
Gen.32,26; fig. to be alienated, to 
turn away TISI? '^ttl ypn-^g lest 
my soul be alienated from thee 
Jer.6,8; with SyD Ez.23,18. 

pp^ II. to fix to, to fasten {Kal not 

Hiph, r'^ {fut T^\ imp. ypjn) 

to hang up (on a stalce or cross), 
to impale Num.2o.4: 2S.21.6 a 9. 


to be 

Hoph. V\^r\ (pi. Tf^yO) 
hanged, impaled 28.21,13. 

r]j5^^ see C] p. j . 

[^jDMrtii.rp-^ a. rp-^ once xp:. ^c. 

3,15, op. XvC^.^ to awake Ki^^?-^ 
injQ^9 ai]<i ^6 awoke out of his 
sleep Jud.l6,U: iJV.p n: {^i:.V.l and 
Noah awoke from his wine Gen. 

y:^ (M- ^[i') , "IPJ:. a. n ^)) to be 
heavy, weighty, hence: to be 
precious, esteemed, prized p ^,j2.^ 
VJJ? thou wast precious in my 
8ii?ht Is.43,4; n«D iD?* "IjSVJ his 
name was highly * prized IS. 18, 
30j TJ^J^n nfp*;nD '»S. how precious 
also are tby thoughts unto me 
Ps.l39,17j with ^85: to be prized 

at by D.7kB '^np-;^??S which 
> • •• • • • 

I am prized at by them Zch.11,13- 
Hiph, ^^p^n {fut, n>pi'' ; imp. ^jTH) 
to make precious Tf D B^i^X ^^p^H 
I will make a man more pre- 
cious than fine gold ls.13,12; fig. 
to make rare or scarce T] ;^1 "IDM 
Tjy"^ ri**?.? make thy foot scarce in 
the house of thy neighbor Pr.25, 
17 (Eng. Bible: withdraw thy 
foot etc.). 

ip^Jc. V:i with 3: V?;i>^- ^'"^PrV' 

"njp^'l, c. nn;::, pi. nnp^p adj. 

prop, weight^'', hence: 1) heavy, 
large ri*nj^'! D^J^tJ heavy stones 
(for building) ik'5,31.- 2) great, 
considerable ^j^Vl^'"^ great wealth 
Pr. 1, 13 — 3) costly, precious, 
valuable nn[:''. ]3g coU. precious 




•• • l*T 

Stones IK.10,2 ?§i!9 1i3.V»^X^n D^ 
if thou take forth the valuable 
from the vile Jer.15,19;/?^. 1,'5?;nD 
D^iISk TJlpn how precious is thy 
loving-kindness, God » Ps.36,8.— 
4) honorable, noble n^jj^. B^8J 
noble soul Pr.6,26; CJ^o' nii? 
TP^"^!?^? kings' daughters are 
among tliy honorable women Ps. 
45,10 (=Tl\n1njp:5,Dagesh irregu- 
lar); nn IJ^; Pr.17,27 JTri for li^] 
n^1(6ee under 1j2).— 5> splendid, 
beautiful, clear, bright; as adv.: 

=1^^*^ *^ iri - "T ^^® moon walking 
in splendor Jb.31,20; as a noun: 
D'**]J ^Ip^p as the beauty of the 
pastures (i. e. the grass) P8.37, 
20 (Eng. Bible: as the fat of the 
lambs); f. pi. as n. ri^'ljy. clear- 
ness, brightness: nn|T T« njjT. ^^ 
I^^IPl there shall be no light of 
brightness (i. e. bright light), nor 
congelation (Eng. Bible: the light 
shall not be clear, nor dark; 
Vulgate: there shall be no light, 
but cold and frost, deriving ri^liT 
flpom 1^(5 to be cold).— 6) rare, 

scarce onn D'^ijja iB;n;n v.13-1^ 

and the word of the Lord wi:s 
rare in those days IS.3,1. 
1D^ (*/"• ^'^[C) w»» V preciousness, 


precious thing "Dljl • • • *1^?n JCn 

n^i^?. ^1 the strength of the city 

and all the precious things thereof 

Jer 20,5; I^S Hflgn ^p;, Sd] and 

his eye soeth every precious thin^ 

Jb.28,10; "lp\^*J3 precious vessel 
• • • • 

{Eng. Bih]e: precious jewel) Pr. 

20,15 — 2) honor, dignity, respect 

1!3\':83^ y^, ^Ji?J D'?^4l! ^^) and 
all the wives will give honor 
(show respect) to their husbands 

Est.1,20; \rhr\\ niRgri np;. the 

honor of his excellent majesty 
•v. 4; ]''^;-^3 Tt'3 °3?? bwt mau 
being in honor abideth not Ps. 

np^ Ch. m. 1) honor Dan.2,6 (others: 


riches, treasures).— 2) glory, 
splendor Dan.7,14.— 3) respect 
Dan.5,20 (others? authority). 

tt^p^ (= ^M) to ensnare, to lay 
snares t]^ ''^??P^ I have laid a 
snare for thee Jer.50,24; moro 
fully ^'7 ^B^f?J.n8 the snare which 
they laid for me Ps.141,9; n''jiDSl 


\y^p^, *iy^a and they lay a snare 
for him that reproveth in the 
gate 29,21; pt, B^j?i^ ensnarer, net- 
setter, fowler Ps.124,7. 

Niph. ir,2i: {fvt, ^^,\\) to be 
snared, to be caught "^TIPW 5912.*^^ 
7]**p thou art snared with the 
words of thy mouth Pr.6,2; ]| 
Is t8^P4^ lest thou be snared 
therein Deut.7,25. 

Pu. to be snared; ptpi. C^f^J^ 

ItPp'' pr. n. son of Abraham by Ke- 
turah Gen.25,2 a. 3. 

"JNrip^ pr- «. 1) a city In Judah 

• • • 

Jos. 15,38.-- 2) name given by 
king Amaziah to the city of yS^ 





KT (2 pi. DOKT Deut.5,5 a. n^Hy, 

jo8.4,24; /•«/. «•;>:, N-;:, 1^1 ^kt: i 

1^•^: ; imp. H'Y. , j'2. ^«1^. for ^KT. ; 
w/ «"l^ , with h : Hii for J^tS 
=:riT^'; verb. n. n«T., with h: 
n^T.b to be afraid, ' to fear, to 
reverencej with accus. in8< HYP'^Tg 
fear him notNum.21,34;DONn^ :iin 
ye have feared the sword Ez.11,8; 

1^.9i 'W r^^^'^T: ^y 80"^ ^®ar 

thou the Lord and the king Pr. 
24,21; with D : Tl^JjSgJB QH^] ^^^ 
fear thy God Lev.19,32; with ]9 , 
V^9 Deut.1,29; Is. 37, 6; before 
inf. with D or S : tD^^n?} Kn^ he 
was afraid to loolc Ex.3,6{ K.TJ 
Sbfc<i; he feared to say Gen.26,7; 
with h of the object: K^O"^*? 
Jl^fP -Va^ she Is not afraid 
of the snow for her household 
Pr.31.21; ^^D^C^wS 1«D «TJj 
D3V.iS9 we feared greatly for our 
lives because of you Jos.9,24. 
Niph, K^: (fid. Kir ; pt, K"j1: , 

f. HKni:, pi m'y:) i) to be 

feared, to be fearful or dreadful, 
to be reverenced K^yj ]8P*? that 
thou mayest be feared (reverenced) 
Ps.130,4; NP V^^l\ ny^^ he is ter- 
rible and dreadful Hab.1,7; ^^ 
HK*;^: a terrible land Is.21,1; K-jl: 
ni^no reverenced in praises Ex. 
15,11.— 2) to be wonderful, stu- 
pendous TJ^B^HS fc<5^5"nD how won- 
derful art thou in thy works Ps. 
66,3; D^tf ^i3-Sj? Th^'S, N^^ won 
derful in his doing toward the chil- 
dren of men v. 5; pt f. pi. as n. ^^r\\ 

T];"?^ r\\\xyi and thy right hand 
shall teach thee wonders Ps.45,5; 
as adv. ^0 /.5^ n^K'J'^J 1 am won- 
derfully distinguished P8.139,14 
(Eng. Bible: T am fearfully and 
wonderfully made). 

Pi- ^y.. (f^t. H i;^ ; pt. KTP ; inf. 
H2\) to make afraid, to terrify 
^¥? ''^^'^•^ the people have made 
me aflpaid 28.14,15; ^:r|^S tJ^^'j;^ 
they made us afraid Neh. 6,9; 
dSm^I D«1;^ to terrify them, and 
to trouble them 2Chr.32,18 

K^^ ic. «i: ; pi D>*T. , c. ^n; ; f. 
••^ • • • 

f^^y. » c ng'IJ) a<^/. i^ fearing, reve- 
rencing (prop, a pt.) ini< '»5:^< k.-^; 

1 am fearing (i. e. I fear) him 
Gen.32,12; l^'D^ »y, fearing the 
Lord 2K.4,1;'d^^T .'..l^rjig we... 

• • • 

are fearing (we fear, we are afraid) 
IS.23,3; D\i7« K^: one fearing 

• • • 

(one thatfeareth) God Jb.1,1; nf^ 
ir^ST. a woman fearing (that 
feareth) the Lord Pr.31,30,- ""Hy, 
D\*:!S^. those fearing (they that 
fear) God P8.15,4. - ;2; 1 earful, 
timid 3jfen Till ^yr\ that is fear- 
ful and faint-hearted Deut.20,8. 

n«T (c.nKT.i sf. ^riKT, CQ^y) f. 

prop. inf. of the verb ^y to fear, 
to reverence ?1BP^"^B ^^y^ to 
reverence thy name Neh. 1, 11; 
hence substantively: 1) fear, ter- 
ror rh^i r\^y QTIRD ^i<T!l the 

men were afraid with great fear 
Jon.1,10; inking"]!? because of 
his fear of him 28.3,11; urh r\^y 

• • • • 

terror was to them (l. ^, \&«^ 


were dreadful) Ez.l,18j "T*?^ D^y, 
ni&^l the fear of briars and thorns 
l8.7,25 (ace. Stb. n^y, in these 
two passages means: dreadful 
appearance). — 2) holy fear, rev- 
erence, awe il D^y the fear of 
• • * 

the Lord (i. e. reverence towards 
Qoci, piety, religion) Pr.1,7; nST 
^Ig the fear of the Almighty Jb. 

6,14; c^2p )n« \nKT.-nK. i will 

put my fear (i. e. the fear of me) 
in their hearts Jer.32,40; OQHy 
^I!\i< their fear of me (or: their 
reverence towards me) Is.29,13. 

]1N"1^, P**. «• a city in Naphtali Jos. 
10,38, now Jarun. 

n*N'T* pr- n. m. 

yy (fighter, adversary) symbolic 

name of the king of Assyria Hos. 
5,13 a. 10,6. 
^rST (fighter of Baal) pr. n. sur- 

name of Gideon, the judge of 
Israel Jud.6,32 = n^3T 28.11,21 
(ng^a = n^^ , which is'ldentlcal 
with' hv2). 

WSyy P^' w. name of two kings 

T : TT 

of Israel: a) son of Nebat 1K.12, 

14. b) son of Joash 2K.14,23 etc. 

TT ipret. once nn Jud.19,21; fut. 

'^V^.ap. T^;., •^^^;.; pt ly^ 
a. ^i\pi DnT\ c. nni>, f. n-jni^ ; 
imp. ^n,^^^,-^n^n,/•. m,i>i. 
nv, m/-l-;\n^, "5, HIT, wither. 

\?1"1) to go down, to oome down, 
to descend inri'jp ng^D T ^ M and 
Moses went down from the mount 
Ex.19,14; npnVP 0^58 T "J.IJ and 



Abram went down into Egypt 
Gen.12,10; DID \11^^ those that 
go down to the sea Is.42,10; of 
a brook: to flow down Deut.9,21; 
of tears: to run down ^yg n^llf] 
nyp^ mine eyes run down with 
tears Jer.14,17; ^523 iy running 
down with weeping Is.15,3; of the 
hail: to fall down Ex,9,19; of a 
boundary going downward; T^^l 

nnil'n ^^^id and the border 

• • • 

shall go down to Jordan Nnm. 
31,12; nj?;n n^^l in the descent 
(i. e. declivity) of the forest Is. 
32,19 (Eng. Bible: coming down 
on the forest); of the day as 
declining: nJ<lpllDi*n the day 
was far spent Jud.1941; of bul- 
warks: to fall, to be subdued 
Deut.20,20; of a cut down forest 
Zch.11,2; of cattle: to fall, to die 
Is.34,7,* fig. of those who are re- 
duced to a low condition Deut. 
Hiph. T»^in ifut, Ty^ , ap, llji^J : 

pt nn^o ; irnp. lyn ; inf. i^^rt) 

to bring down, to lead down, to 
let down, to send down n^^^^ 
YR bring him down unto 'me 
Qen.41,21; ^W ^H^O he bringeth 
down to the grave lS.2,6; Dl^linj 
S3112 and she let them down by 
a 'cord Jos.2,15; J^^yp Hja T^fT! 
and she let down her pitcher 
from her [shoulder] Gen. 24,46; 
Cpi 0^2 *^!l^^J and he has caused 

• • • • • 

to come down (he has sent down) 
for you the rain Jo. 2,23; fig. of 
power or fame: TJiy ?]Q!p T'iST 




and be shall bring down thy 
strenght from thee Am.34l; of 
the head: to hang down H^l^H 

|rwi YH^ ^^®y ^^^'^ng ^o^'' ^^^^^ 
heads to the ground Lain.2.10. 

Hoph. ns^n to be led down Gen. 
S9,l; to be taken down Num. 1047; 
to be cast down Is. 14,15. 
T T* pr. n. i) the sixth in the series 


of descendants from Adam Gen. 
5,15. — 2) another person iChr. 

ny pr, n. Jordan, the chief river 

of Palestine, rising at the foot of 
Anti-Lebanon and flowing into the 
Dead Sea (usually I^niD with the 
article) UTIH 135 the plain of 
the Jordan Gen. 13,10; poet, f^'jij 
ini the land of Jordan (i. e. 
Palestine) P8.42,7; in Jb.40,23 Jin^ 
is put for any large river. 

ny I. (M. n-j;:, i pi. af. oyni pt. 
"t; i^P r\y,\ inf. rti;, nnp i) 

to cast DJ5 n^^ he has cast into 
the sea Ex.15,4; St5 DjS '•nn^ 

T I T VT • 'T: 

that I may cast lots for you Jos. 
18,6.— 2) to shoot ^VDD n*;; he 
shot an arrow IS.20,36; DT^l we 
have shot at them Num. 21,30; 

• ; ■ V V T • J 

they make ready their arrow upon 
the string that they may shout 
secretly Ps.ll.2j pi. D^T^H-JP ^QM 
and he was wounded of the shoot 
ers(i. e. archers) lChr.10,3 — 3) to 
throw water, to besprinkle, to ir- 
. rigatef^nj? r\^S> tr^pj^P? as the latter 
rain that besprinkleth the earth 

Hos.6,3 (Eng. Bible: as the latter 
and former rain unto the earth; 
see rrni^). — 4) to throw up stones, 
hence: to lay, to found, to erect 
T\k^\9 159 nj;-^? who laid the 
corner stone thereof? Jb. 38, 6; 
'C"'1pf» n^Sfenthe pillar, which 
I have erected Gen.3J,51. 

Niph. ry^^ (ftu. ni;v to be 

shot Ex.19,13. 

Hiph. rrjin (fut, n-^v , ap. ni'' ; 

pt n^D , pi, D'•^1D) i) to throw, 
to cast IB'nS '^il'n he huth cast 
me ihto the mire Jb.30,19.— 2) to 
shoot rn Dtt' ny^-N'?5 nor shall 
he shoot an arrow there 2K.19, 
32\pt. shooter, archerD^W^'iSn ^Kiy 
and the shooters shot 2S. 11,24 
{Ktib for D^tSD W).- 3) to 
throw water, to sprinkle; hence 
pt, niiD shower Jo. 2, 23 (Eng. 
Bible: former rain = H^i^) . 

HT II. (akin to T«) to shine, to 
light, hence: to see (AoZ not used). 

Hiph. n'y^n (ftu. nii> , n ^ ; pt, 

n-jiD , pi. 8f. '•■jiD i imp. niin ; inf 


imn) 1) to cause to see, to show, 
to point out fr v» ^niiV! and the 
Lord showed him a tree Ex. 15,25; 
r\\^^ V^J*? nSln'^ to point (to direct) 
before him [the way] to Goshen 
Gen.46,28; VriV^V?? r^^}:^ pointing 
with his fingers Pr6,l3— 2) to 

teach, to instruct nrn nni^ ^?"n{< 

whom shall he teach knowledge? 
Is.28,9;?l^'5n ?|:il ;> >y^r\ teach me. 
Lord, the way of thy statutes 
Ps.ll9,33j with Ss or 2 of the 

nT 266 

thing: nyi^U ^VJ^"^^. Dt^ '»? 
when thou hast taught tnern (prop 
directed them to) tne good way 
2Chr.6,27; 1\'112 D'^tJDn H^ji^ he will 
teach sinners the [right] way Ps. 
25,8; pt. 11*^.10 he that teacheth, 
teacher, instructor "HTD ^^?41 

• • • 

^j?.8^ and the prophet that teach- 

et'h lies Is.9,14; ^p? ''i?VDg^-«Sl 

• • • • • 

^"^iD and I have not obeyed the 
voice of my teachers Pr.5,13. 

p\y (=«:];) to fear, to be afraid; 

0^1 ly fut. pi. nin-Swi nnsji-SK 

• • • « 

fear ye not, neither be afraid Is. 

/'X'n^ pr. n. a desert to the south- 

•• • 

east of apri 2Chr.20,16. 
TX\y pr, n. m. 

- IT 

piT w. green herb Jb.39,8. 

N&'^T P^- w mother of king Jotham 
2K 15,33 = ng^n: 2Chr.27,l. 

D^B^^^Vpre vailing form for D^Srn:, 

•i-T : IT. 

which is of a later period and oc- 
curs only five times) pr, n. Jeru- 
salem, originally a royal city of 
the Canaanites under the name 
nhp Gen. 14,18, then of the Jebu- 
sites under the name D^2) (which 
see) Jud.9,10; since the time of 
David, the chief city of the Is- 
raelite kingdom; with H loc. 

npS.^n^. iK.10,2 or fully ni9>^5^n; 


nhVTf a- 0^9^*^! Ch. pr. n. Jeru- 
salem Dan.5,2: Ezr.4,9. 

f^y (= rvy^) to go about, to wan- 
der, whence nj^l^. 

nT w. moon Gen. 37,9; as a figure 

of duration dHj; y\y QTJ it shall 
be established for ever as the 
moon Ps.89,38; hence uy V.?*? in 
the sight of the moon, i. e so 
long as the moon shall give her 
light Ps.72,5 or ny^ '•'7? TJ tiU 
the moon shall be no more (i. e. 
(for ever) v. 7. 
ny ipl D^riT , c. '^ n i:) m. IJ lunar 

-"|V •• 

month, a month D^IpJ n l.J a month 
of time Deut.21,13} D^Cl"]^, IT^I 
fruit of months 33,14; poet. ^ni. 


Dip. months of the past (i. e ear- 
lier days) Jb.29,2.— n^^.^ is re- 
lated to njH^ as Eng. month to 
moon or Germ. Monai to Jtfbni.— 
2) pr. n. a son of Joktan Gen. 10, 
26 and a tribe descended from 
him, inhabiting the Moon Moun- 
tains in the neighborhood of 
Hadramaut (Arabia). 

ny Ch. {pi r n 1-) »»• month Ezr. 
6,15; Dan.4,26. 

IriT 1 ^^^y. pr. n. Jericho, a city of 

■ • • ■ 

Palestine near the Jordan and 
the Dead Sea, in Benjamin Jos. 
18,21, famous for its abundance* 
in palms, wherefore it was also 
called Ononn l^y Deut.34,3; once 

nnn;. ik.16,*34. 


Dm'' pr. n. m, of several persons. 
T : 

7XDm^ pr, n. m. of several 

• • • ■ ^ • 

■ • • 

yny pr. n. m. 




T •- 

0*1^ (akin to T 1 M prop, to descend, 
to go down, hence: to be pre- 
cipitous, rash, perverse ^^HD ^1^ 
^^^J7 the way is perverse before 
me Nuni.22,32. 

Pi. D^^ to precipitate, to cast 
down '':eT D'^yg T nr^S he cast 
me down into the liands of the 
wicked Jb.16,1. 

3n^ t». one who contends, adver- 
saV :3n« '?:« nsnrnBl I will 

• • • • • 

contend with him that contendeth 
with thee (i. e. with thy adver- 
sary) ls.49,25. 

D^T P^' n 1) & person mentioned 


in lChr.4,24 = I"?; i.— 2) another 
person Ezr.8,16. 

nn' a. inn: pr- »•• ♦». 

inn^ see inn: . 

• • • 

nlDn^ l>r. n. m. lChr.7,8. 

nityy see niD:5! . 

• • • 

n»n^ {pi. nin:,n'n:)/'. curtain 

(of a tabernacle or tent) 'HVt 

wn: "1^? nij^ao i^f i?n thou 

Shalt make the tabernacle with 
ten curtains Ex.26, 1; ShkH nV'l! 

• • • 

the curtains of the tent v. 12; 

also a tabernacle nr^'H Tliil? n^gV 

• • • 

dwelleth within the tabernacle 
2S.7,2 (Eng. Bible: within cur- 
tains^; fig. of the celestial vault 
ng^T-S D^.S? ngi: who stretcheth 
out the heavens like a curtain 

Ps.104,2; poet, f^^^ r^ry. 1^T|T. 
r*ltp the tents (i. e. the nomads) 

• • • 

of the land of Midian did tremble 

nl>'^T pr. n. f. lChr.2,18. 

yV (= nSJ) to be soft, whence 

D^sn;) A i; twgh, hip d::^?? 

D?3T."^21 from the loins even 
unto the thighs Ex.28,42; ?] tl^^ «]3 
the hollow (socket) of the thigh 
Gen.32,33. Peculiar phrases: a^lJH 
n.i;"^S? P^E'* to smite leg and thigh 
(i. c. to smite violently) Jud.15,8. 
h) ?]•?; i'hp 'hv pfig to smite 
violently on the thigh (a gesture 
of vexation) Jer.31,19; Ez.21,17. 

cj •••^X ^TT ^° ^^™® ^"* from the 
thigh of... (i. e. to be descended 
from) Qen.46,26.— 2) in animals: 
haunch, ham Ez.24,4.— 3) in in- 
animate things: a) side (= H J T2) 
!$f?D Tilt^e side of the taber- 
nacle Ez.25,31; n^ltJQ TIT the side 
of the altar Lev. 1,11. h) shaft or 
shank of the sacred candlestick 

1) side, hinder side, rear D^l^T^' 
np^ for the two sides westward 
Ex.26,27; \\^^n \n?T- the sidej» 
of the tabernacle 36,27: ^ n ? 1 ' 
n^2n the sides of the house IK 
6,16; JTr^y InDTll and his 
hinder side (i. e. border) shal? 
be unto Zidon Gen.49,13.— 2) in 

T !- 



ner part, recess, depth "7{< T^^ 

nj^5pn ^OJT he was gone down 

• • • • 

into the inner part (i. e. hold) 
of the ship Jon.1,5; T^"^0?11 the 
depth of the pit Ez.32,23.— ' 3) ut- 
termost part, extremity JiSJ ^Oy\l 
the uttermost parts of the north 
ls.14,13; }^5g"\n5T- the extremities 
of the earth Jer.'6,22. 

n3T Ch. «. n D J 1J!) /: thigh, 

T :- ^ • 

side Dan.2,32. 

D^DT P^' w. 1) a city in the plain 

of Judah, formerly a royal city 
of the Canaanites Jos.10,3 etc.— 
2) a Levitical city in Issachar 
Jos.21,29 = n^iJ 19,21 a. rfOK^ 

niDT P^' w- w. of several persons; 

= niD'»n: lChr.2M0; 25,4. 

'•OT pr. n. w. Ezr. 10,33. 

n^DT a. ITDn; |)r. n. 1) the proph- 

et Jeremiah Jer.1,1. — 2) father- 
in-law of king Jehoahaz 2K.23, 
31. — 3} several other persons 
Jer. 35,3 etc. 

V^^ to tremble, to be afraid iB^pJ 

i? nynj.his soul trcmbleth within 
him l6.15,4 (Eng. Bible: his life 
shall be grievous unto him).— 
The fut. 1/5.'. belongs to yg^ II. 

/KST pr. n. a place in Benjamin 

Jos. 18,27. 
py {inf. p\) 1) to spit, with ^;53 

in the face of one Num. 12, 14; 

Dftut.25-0.— 2) to sprout, to grow, 

to be fresh or green, whence 

pV (c. pip m. green herbage, 
greens, herbs pp*n ]| garden of 
herbs Deut. 11,10} pT nnng a 

TT — 1^ , 

portion of herbs (vegetables) Pr 
15,17; NPipT. green herb ls.37,27. 

T^^^ m. greenness ygV pT."^3 all 

I V|V • • . . T 

greenness of herbs (i. e. B\e^Ty 
green herb) Gen.l,30j of the ver* 
dure of trees Ex.10,15. 
]1pT (from pl^^) prop, greenness, 
hence: paleness C^S'Sj I^SHil 
1P5"/ and all faces are turned' 
into paleness Jer.30,6; of grain: 
withering Deut 28,22 (Eng. BJble: 

X\pyi w*. greenness, see ]pl!n ^5} 

under ^D , D^D. 
OrpT pr- n. a city in Judah IChr. 

Ti: :t 

p^y, {redup, from p^\\ jpf. f. 

ri^P5pl!) cLdj' greenish, yellowish 
Lev. 13,49; 14,37; as a w.; yellow- 
ness f^nn p:3|5T5 with a yellow- 
ness of gold Ps.68,14. 
^y^ (also B^n;, 2 np^ji; Deut.6,18, 

but 8f. n^tri: 30,5, mtpT., 2irf. 
^B^Sll; i><. c^T; ^m>. e^n, B^n, 

B^T, with n para^. nc»1^ ; m/". 

^5^,5 ' */"• ^^?T ' '•areiy trn; >- 

only «/*. 1JRT ) 1) to seize, to take 
possession of, to possess D^TO?^'' 
ri?""^^lT '*^®y *^ok not posses- 
sion of the land by their own 
sword Ps.44,3; in poetry f^^Jj^ 18^^ 




frequently means to enjoy the 
greatest prosperity and happiness 
Ps. 25, 13; 37, 22; 'HH T^pl S^H 

Dnp^^l ...n^gn D>;jn* he whi de- 

• • • • 

siroy these nations... and thou 
shall possess them Deut. ?l,3; 
y^yO nnsi and shouldest Ihou 
possess it? Jud.ll,23;p<. ITTMic. 
1,15 a. Jer.8,10 possessor, con- 
queror; IJiJ t8^"3.^^ the possessor of 
dominion Jud.18,7 (others: heredi- 
tary ruler).— H) to dispossess, 
to talce away, to rob, to impov- 
erish, with accu8.: trT0"^5 "^D??^! 
nril^l and when a haiidmaid dis- 
possesseth her mistress Pr.30,24; 
^:5 DriNDi? ^it^ll'pD have ye called 
us to rob (or: Impoverish) us? 
Jud.U,15. — 3) to inherit, to re- 
ceive an inheritance, to succeed, 
with accus.: HflK IS^IJ.1 and he 
shall inherit it Num.27,11; H^H] 
\nh B^T^ ^0^5"]? and, lo, one born 
in my house is mine heir (1. e* 
will succeed me) Oen.15,3. 

Niph. tS^liJ (fut. iy:ir.) prop, to 
be dispossessed, hence: to become 
poor tl^ ]B n;?? 3nS^-^K love 
not sleep, lest thou come to pover- 
ty Pr.20,13 (comp. trn). 

Pi. 18^ n:. ifut. tf V^ to seize, 
to possess; only fig. of the locust: 

all thy trees and fruit of thy land 
shall the locust seize Deut.28,42 
(Eng. Bible: shall the locust con- 

ts^-jln; pt. B^n^D; mf. D^n, 
tS^^Tirt) 1) with a double accus.: 
to make possess, to give to possess, 
to give in possession 1J?K n>5 
Td'^S. tr^l2? Tllf^n^^ that which 
Chemosh thy god giveth Ihee tc 
possess Jud.11,24; fig. ^^Vt^n] 
^IW ri^^^S and makcst me possess 
y\. e. imputest to me) the iniqui- 
ties of my youth Jb:13,26; with S 
of the person: to leave for an 
inheritance DJ^W^ DO^l^ni and 
that yo may leave it fur an in- 
heritance to your children £zr. 
9,12.— 2) to take possession of, 
to seize upon Tyn ngt DTlB^lim 
and ye shall seize upon the city 
Jo8.8,7.— 3) to dispossess, to drive 
out, to cast out Tj^JfP DV^ V^^\^ 
1 will drive out the nations be- 
fore thee Ex.34,24; fig. of ill- 
gotten wealth: h^, ^5t?n'^ ^^559 
Qod shall drive (cast) it out of 
his belly Jb.20,15.— 4) to carry 
away, to destroy ^3g^^iK1 IJIJJ IjgiJ 
1 will smite them with the pesti- 
lence, and destroy (Eng. Bible: 
^Tr^iy hand shall destroy them 
Ex. 15,9. 
ntS^T f- possession Num. 24, 18 

nS^T l 1) possession iig^}: nr^! 

T •.: T , T ., 

n^y?? ^n-nfc< ^T\r^ I have given 
mount Seir unto Ksau for a 
possession Deut.2,5; f^^v*? ^5?8^5 
^330^1! then ye shall retnrn unto 
the land of your possession Joa. 

57* 2r/o 

1,15.— 2) inheritanco DfiB^IJ 7\h 
ntS^T.n the right of inheritance 
is thine Jer.32,8. 
B^,^ ("C^.J) prop, being, existence 

(from nc^''), hence: 1) as a n.; 
substance, estential possession 
C^?. "^n^ "^Vi^i to cause those 
that love me to inherit substance 
Pr.8,21.— 2) as adv,: there is 
(opposite to ]\1$, there is not) 
y^S'nH YV. ^i'^^D, whether there 
be wood therein, or not .Nuni.l3, 
20; in a strengthened f<)rm: Ctl 
E^n it certainly is 2K. 10,15; 
pleonastically t,] ]^K Ps.135,17 
and Bt'«<'? J b 9,33 for ]:« there 
is not; with 1^8 : some, others 
D^^DiC 1C8 ^.) there were who 
said, i. e. some said Neh.5,2. h) 
sometimes ]^V'^ ^^\'^^^, 2^1 some- 
times the cloud was Num.9,20. — 
3) as a verb in the 3rd person: 
is, it is 1J$V ;'. B^?.l and the Lord 
is with us Jud.6,i3; 'DH TJ.-D^ 

^SVPi if it is in your mind (if 

• • • 

it be your mind) Gen.23,8; with 
8f, TIR; thou art, 1:?^.J he is, DJf^ 

a. Dsir: you are: Hfi WL ^^Vi 

• • • • • • 

who is here Deut.29,U; some- 
times with sf. in the sense of an 
adv. nnw OV i^Bf.^ there is a certain 
people E8t.3,8; sufllxed form some- 
times used wUh participles to 
emphasize the action: D^C^.r^^l^ 

• • • 

npn D^fe*]^ if ye really are deal- 
ing kindly Gen.2M9;D^5^^e DJC^JH 
^^"ng whether ye really love the 
LordDeut.13,4.— 4) with h: there 



is to any one, to have nipO ''7 ^,1 
there is to me hope, i. e. I have hope 
R.1,12; Ip.p^ ^i^'et; we have an 
9ld father Gen.44,20; 'ir:.ng8-^5 
lS all that he had Gen.39,5; B^^ 
l!:eD S: il'^^Si? ace. Ges.: hast 
thou to spe^ik lo the Jting? 2K. 
4,13 f£ng. Bible: wouldest thou 
be spoken fur to the king?). 

n^\ poet, ''J?^'' Ps. 123,1. pi, 

D-:?C*i'' , c. "•^B^" ,* f. njl?^'' Neh-3,8, 
nj^i^ , r\i\S\ A r)^^\ X?^t^ Jer. 

22,23 Kui '•035^ , pi' hi:i?^^'' , 

ni3p^ ; imp. 2^ , n^p ; mf, 3^^; ; 
verb. n. njC;, sf, ^wV) V to sit, 
to take a seat, to be seated; wilh 
^8 on, upon Ex.17,12; with JVi^ 
to sit at one's right hand Ps.llO,!; 
of judges: niwp? UPl HStf ^? 
C|^9; for there they sat on 
thrones of Justice Ps. 122,5 (others: 
for there are set thrones for Judg- 
ment); of God as ruler of the 

world: pnX DgilT KK?^ Mg; thou 
■ • • • • • • 

satest in the throne as a righteous 
Judge Ps.9,5; hence of God also 
Q^'^.^t?^ he that sitteth enthroned 
of old P8.55,20.— 2) to tarry, to 
wait r\:^}^ 18 aj?» ''?:p I will 
tarry (wait) until thou come 

again Jud.6,18; with S: for 'U?^ 


njj 1^5 tarry ye here for us Ex. 
24,14; 'h ^jrp D'31 DV, thou 
shall wait for me many days 
Ho8.3,3; cnS n:itr^ D'^^H hy in the 

• • • • • • • 

ways hast thou sat (waited) for 
them Jer.3.2.-~ -y to stay, to abide. 



T : 

to dwell ^nijy n^p abide with me 

Gen.29,19j nni D'^ng U?^.^? if 

• • • 

brethren dwell together Dcut.25,5; 
pt. 2^^^ dweller, inhabitant Gen. 
25,27; l8.5,3 — 4) to be inhabited 
35?n H":] nn^.p f^-js a Fait land 
and not inhabited Jer.l7,6j HJITJI 
Oh'y^ nwrj n^n and this city 
shall be inhabited for ever v. 25; 
nX9^ :i??0"«^ it shall not be in- 
habited for over 18.13,20. 

Niph, api: (pt. 2f''^ , f. ns^^: , 

^ ri5,e^^:) to be inhabited uir^JI 

• IT : ; 

0*^*]^? and the cities shall be in- 
habited Ez.S6,lO; nari: f*"?^ aland 
inhabited £x.l6,35. 

Pi. 2^) to set Dn"»i:3in^9 \2t]) 

• • • 

?|3 and they shall set their pal 
aces in thee Ez.25.4. 

Hiph. a-^trln (fut. :i ^ B^ 1 ^ ; pt. 
^''B^iD ; inf. ^^^'in) 1) to set, to 
cause to sit, to make to well, to 
make to be inhabited ^? ^i¥^'^l 
*in KQ9 and he set me on the 
throne of David lK.2,24; D^??nD? 
*>jj^^in he hath set me in dark 
places Lam,3,6j D^^n« J T]5T^fc< 1? 
1 will yet make thee to dwell in 
tabernacle8Hos.l2,lO;nitse: D'•^y3 
O^B^i^ and they shall make the 
desolate cities inhabited Is.54,3.— 
i£) to take, to marry ^^'^^'n "ig^R 
n1n?J D''pi that had taken (prop, 
settled) strange wives Ezr.10,18. 

Hoph. 3^in 1) to be placed or 
settled n^g 2^R5 C513*? DG3?^ni 
80 that ye may be placed alone 
(others: that ve may be left alone) 

in the midst of the land Is.5,8.— 
2) to be inhabited Di^n^*? 1D«p 
2'^\Pi who saith to Jerusalem, 
Thou Shalt be inhabited 18.44,26. 
3X38^^ pr. n. m. 

• • • 

rDB^3 32^^ W* w a warrior of 

David 2S.23,8 = DyjBjJ lChr.11,11. 

23? ^3iy^. (i^W >^fj pr, n. 28. 

21,16. ' 
n3B^^ pr. n. in. 


DH^ ^32^^ pr. n. m. lChr.4,22. 

VI V • I*. T 

DMB'^ iw. n. m. i) a person men- 

T : T T 

tionedin lChr.ll,ll=J13|f5 3??\-' 
2) another person lChr.27,2. 

P3B^^ pr. n. son of Abraham by 
Keturah Gen.25,2. 

nB*p3t5''' pr. n. m. lChr.25,4. 

T It: ; t 

ntP^ (= nrK) to be strong, firm, 
hence: to be, to exist; derivatives: 

Bt: and r\'yf\F\ . 

3^57'' l>^. *^. -^ son of Issachar Num. 

26,24 = <n1'» Gen.46,13 a. 2:^^^ iChr. 

7,1.— ^) another person Ezr. 10,29. 
nia*'' pr, n. son of Asher Qen.46,17. 

t: • 

iVTf\^^ pr. n. m. 

^IS*^ pr. n. i) son of Asher Gen.46, 
17.— 2) son of Saul IS.14,49. 

r^B'^ l>r. n. i; = yB^in: the son of 
- , .. I. 

Nun, successor of Moses Neh.8, 
17.— 2) high priest mentioned 
in Ezr.2,2 and several other per- 
sons. — 3) a place in Judah Neh. 

nr^&'Mc. rm»), af, wib^u ^l 



•• T : - 

ny^B^.^) f. help, deliverance, sal- 
vation, welfare niJ^t5^\T ^"^7 salva- 
tion belongeth unto the Lord Ps. 

3,9; *:m nion n'^^i nv^v) [his] 

help will he set as walls and 
bulwarks Is.26,lj l\ nSltri the 
salvation of the Lord Ex.14,13; 

voet. nyitS^J TP?18 f^P^n] ^^y 
chariots of salvation Ilab. 3, 8; 
W?^''. nnjy 3M^ and my welfare 
passeth away as a cloud Jb.30, 

15; K5? ^T4i'^S ny^B^; we have 
not wrought any deliverance in 
the land Is.2648. 
nC7^ ace. Stb. to bend, to shrink 
(akin to n^tp); others: to be empty, 
whence nn^B^. 

nS^^ m. shrinking (from hunger); af, 

TO? W'^ *"^ ^^y shrinking 
(Eng. Bible: casting down) shall 
be in the midst of thee Mic.6,14. 

pnir^ see pnv. . 

(32^^ to be stretched (Kcd not used). 

Hiph. D"»'irin {fut. D>?^i^ , ap. 

tD^1»l) to stretch, to extend Est. 

4,11; 5,2. 
^2^^ pr. n. father of David IS. 16,1 

= '•5^>^ lChr.2,13. 
n-2^^ see 2^^' 

*• • • 

jlO'a'"; (from DEJ) m. desert, wil- 
derness i^DB^^. "^^^ the howling of 
the wilderness Deut 32,10. 

/))0^fe?^ Ktib Ps55,j6 for n\Q «^B^> 

(see ^(^j Hiph.y, ace. others 
= nlD^t?J desolation, destruction. 

nlD^ty^ /". |>2. desolation, destruc- 
tion; only in pr. n. rfO^E^^H n^J , 
which see under n^3- 

^^^^ m. old man, aged man 2^ D| 

^^1 tS^^I^^ D| both the greyheaded 
and very aged are among us Jb. 
15,10; pi n^^^^) 12,12. 
^Bf^jy^ pr, n, m. 


DB^^ (= D5?^ ; M' D^^l a. Dgtl , f. 

Drri) to be waste, desolate, de- 
serted D^D kS npT«ni and that 

• • • • • • 

the land be not desolate Gen.47, 

19; n^pB'^ri rfoani n^:^Dr«n c>im 

the cities shall be laid in ruins, 
and the high places shall be 
desolate Ez.6,6. 

H^h. D''5^i'l (fut. D^ri) to make 
waste (generally refered to DD^ 
which see).— -D^yjl Num.2 1,30 ace. 
some from DB^^ or DD^ (wo have 
laid them waste); ace. others 
from n^^, which see. 

D2^' (same as CW ; fut. D^^J , ap, 

C^P^jl) to put, t() place; imperson- 
ally: l^lgl D?^''!! and they put 
him (he was put) in a coffin Gen. 
50,26.— D^>;i Ktib Gen.24,33, for 
which the Kri has D^Vl (Hoph. 
of DIB^). 

/NyOD*'' pr. n. 1) son of Abraham 

• • 

by llagar, the ancestor of many 
Arabian tribes Gen.25,l2; gent. pH 
D^'^fc^ypB*; , an Arabian people 

iTPOK'* 273 

whose territory extended from 
Egypt to Assyria Gen. 25,18 etc.— 
2) the slayer of Gedaliah Jer.4I, 
2. — 3) several other persons 
lChr.8,38 etc. 

n^»DB*^ pr. n. m. lChr.12,4, 

▼ •■••• 
• ■ 

Vl^ffDB*^ pr. n, m. lChr.27,19. 

it: - : • 

•• • • • 

to sleep, to be asleep, to fall 
asleep ]f'^^] n;??^g I will lay 
me down and sleep Ps.4,9; fig. to 
be inactive, hence of God: ITIiy 
V: l^^O '"^^^ awake, why sleepest 
thou, Lord? Ps 44,24; poet, of 
death: ^^ mr ?K ^i^l^g^'' 1 should 

• • • • 

have slept (i. e. been dead): then 
had I been at rest Jb.3,l3; more 
fully: nh'iy'DiPWy} that they 
may sleep a perpetual sleep Jer. 
51,39; nj^n I^^K-^^ lest I sleep 
the sleep of death P8.13,4.— 2) to 
linger, to tarry, to remain long 
in the same condition, whence 

Niph. i6^i: (pt. ]f^ , f. nj^i:) 

1) to be old, dry |e^i: ]C?; Dp?31JJ 
and ye shall eat very old store 
(of grain of a former year) Lev. 

26,10; «''n r\i^'>: nvy^ it is an old 

leprosy 13,11.— ^^to remain long 
n¥| DQJ^^^l and ye shall have 
remained long in the land Deut. 

-P^*- 1??- (M- 1 5?!;) to make sleep, 
to lull to sleep iTSn?-?!; injB^W 
and she made him sleep upon her 
knees Jud.16,19. 


]^l (/". n:^;) adl old; of grain: ]fl] 

^WTr\ B^nn '•jep and ye shall* 

bring forth the old because of 

the new Lev.26,10; HJ^^H HJ^an 

the old pool 18.22,11. 

]Vf^ if' nj2?p adj. sleeping (prop, 
a pt) H\n ]5?J he is sleeping (i. o. 
he sleeps) IK.18,27; n:j?; ?]0DS1 
while thy handmaid was sleep- 
ing (slept) 3,30; D^Jj?: \:B?^ ajil 
causing the lips of those that 
are asleep to speak Cant.7,10; 
fig. of the dead: Igr DBIK US?! 
those that are sleeping(that sleep) 
in the dust of the earth Dan. 12,2. 

nJE?^ pr. n. a city in Judah 2Chr. 

TT : 


i;2^^ (Ar. yW) prop, to be wide, 

hence: to be free, fortunate (Kal 
not used). 

Niph. ye^ii (/W. ytv ; pt. y^^ii ; 
imp. pi. \yfVl) 1) to be delivered, 
saved, with TQ : D^JJit^p DpjJB^iJI 
and ye shall be saved from your 
enemies Num. 10,9; V^V^, n|89 he 
shall be saved out of it Jcr.30,7} 
with 3 : by ;';3 P^^: nv people 
saved by the Lord Deut 33,29; pt. 
victorious Kin pe^i:i p^il he Is 
righteous and victorious Zch.9,9 
(Eng. Bible: he is just, and having 

Hiph. r^^in (fut. v'^p^ , S'B^^n; , 
ap. jrg^i] J pt. y^c^iD ; imp. ya^iri , 

nr^^ln) to save, to deliver T^) 
r^C^^n >iV or and the afHicted 
people thou wilt save 28.22,28;. 

'mmr^ . 



^jV^n DDHD thou savest me from 
violence 22,3; with 7 : to help, to 
give aid ]^^M, V.?!? S'^*^'' he shall 
give help to the children of the 
needy Ps.72,4; nS V^^^^D pS] and 
there was none to aid her Deut. 
22,27; a peculiar expression: ^V 
'•^ ny'^in mine own hand hath 
saved me, 1. e. I have conquered 
without anybody's aid Jud.7,2; in 
the same sense also with |^p^ or 
an? (comp. Ps.98,1 a. Is.63,6); p*. 
as n.: saviour, with af. '•V?^D 2S. 

safety P^?.U;^ D'llPI and those 
• • • • • 

which mourn may be exalted in 
safety Jb. 5, 11 (Fuerst: and the 
gloomy are strong in freedom); 
V? n^p^ ytf;^ n^irg l win set him 
in safety (Fuerst: at liberty) from 
him that pufTeth at him Ps.12,6.— 
2) salvation, prosperity p^'tr 
^9J? yV^b thou wentest forth for 
the salvation uf thy people Hab. 

3,13; ^Vr. M^fi the God of my 

• • • 

salvation Ps.18,47. 

• • • 

1i"i^y^*'' pr. n. 1) the famous proph- 

IT"* " * 

ct Isaiah 2K.19,20; l8.1,l.— 2) 
name of several other persons 
lChr.25,3; Ezr.8,7 (niVS\ etc. 

t]iy^ to be hard, to be firm. 

nSS-*^ or ng?^^ m. jasper (a very 

hard precious stone) Ex.28,20. 

nSB*^ pr, n. m. 
T : • 

l^"" ifut. ^^^) , once "ly: IS.6,12) 

iuo go straight nngn nnry 

n'^'^.S &ud the cows went straight 
on the way .IS.6,12 (njl.e^!! for 
n^T^nj).— ^) to be morally 
straight, upright, right n^$^^"KS 
i2 ic^pj his soul is not upright 
in him Hab.2,45 with ^i\?5 . to 
seem good, to please well K\'1 

TW ^*y?r ^^^ pleaseth me well 
Jud.'l 4,3; 'impersonally: 1^\^ '•5^8 
D'd'^.gn V.y? peradventure it will 
please God Num.23,27. 

pi.itr:,'iy: cm \t?:j, once 

"l??il 2Chr,32,30 for nCtVJ? I><. Ififl?) 
1) to make straight, to make even 
.1^59 njig; nc^l make straight 

• • • • • • • 

in the desert a highway ls.40,3: 
"li?2K D^nnrn and 1 will make the 
uneven places straight Is.45,2; of 
moral conduct: ?I^<irT]k 1^l\ KHJ 
and he shall make straight thy 
paths Pr.3,6; as adv.: HJUn B^^K 

L - 

i^S^""^^!! a roan of understanding 
walketh straight (i. e. uprightly) 
Pr.l5,2l.— 2) to direct or lead, 
as an aqueduct 2Chr.32,30; poet. 

of the thunder: D:B^n"':'J"nn0 

n^2^J he directeth it under the 
whole heaven Jb. 37, 3,— 3) to 
esteem right, to approve tJ ]3"75? 
^nitr^ Sb n^pg therefore do I es- 
teem all thy precepts in all things 
as right Ps.l 19,128. 

Pu. *18^5 (pt. *1^^p) to be made 
even, to lie fitted "S^^l? an? HfiVI 
nil^nsn'TS and covered them witk 

T T 



•• T 

gold fitted upon the carved work 

Hiph. ^•e^\n a. "i^s^in {fut, n^?^:: ; 

imp. *1^^n) 1) to make straight or 
even TJ^ll '•jf^ "IB^jn make thy 
way straight before my face Ps. 
5,0.— 2) to keep a straight di- 
rection T???S1 ^^'9- ^^^) TyS 

?I'3^J ^"1^?^?- let thine eyes look 
right forward, and let thine eye- 
lids keep a straight direction be- 
fore thee Pr.4,25. 

ie^; (c. nr: -, pi. n^^^\ , c. n?^: ; f. 
'nne^l , pi. nn?^:) cwij. i; st.raight, 

even' HIB^^. ^H bT!:ni and their 

XT a • • • a a 

feet were straight £z.l,7; DH^gjS 
nrilnR-^S n^tj nnc^^^ their wings 
straight, the one toward the other 
V- 23; nc^; ?l^n? .o D^^iK 1 will 
cause them to walk in a straight 
way Jer.31; fig, prosperous B^|t5^ 
n^B^^. ?1T!;. ^389 to request from 
him (God) a prosperous journey 
Ezr.8,21.— 2) right, upright, just, 
righteous 1?j; Tl??^-nS t^:n is 
thy heart right?,15; n^;i':i^D 
^1 good and upright is the Lord 

P8.25,8i n^; D'jgn-nK n^rj^^p^ n^v 

God hath made man upright Ec. 
7,29; nnK n^*; thou hast been up- 
right (honest) IS.29,6; ^llj^l^^ 
one that is upright in the way 
Pr.29,26; as a n.: that which is 
right ^n\\5;.n 1^; l have per- 
verted that which was right Jb. 
33,27; i>l. n^^^\ as n.: upright 
men nxr^g n^y^\ ^Sbi upright 
men shall be astonished at this 

Jb.l7,8; nipyi iDy D'»']^^1 and up- 
right ones with him; thus shall 
he do Dan.11,17 (others: he shall 
make peace with him, taking 
n^y^] in the sense of D^l^^Q , 

• • • 

which see)i e. 2^^7ip] the upright 
in heart Ps. 7, li.— 2) right, 
good, pleasing (particularly with 
^ya?) Tl>3:89 n^;3l nias as it 
seemcth good and right in thine 
eyes (unto thee) Jos.9,25; as an.: 
tbat which is right or pleasing 
nt?ai Wg? n^»n B^^X every man 

• • • • • • 

did that which was right (pleas- 
ing) in his own eyes Jud.I7,6.~- 
The word 1^; in n^JH ngfi Jos. 
10,13 a. 2S.1,18 is difficult; accord- 
ing to Syriac and Arabic ver- 
sions = Tyn IgD the book of 
"IB-*^ |w. n. m. 

"IB*^ («/". ^'IB^l) w. i; straightness, 
uprightness, righteousness P^W^H 
*^^^ the paths of uprightness Pr. 
2,13; ")2?'^"''10K words of righte- 
ousness'' J b.6,*25; nc^iD-jx^ T|nS 

• • • • • m 

to show unto man his upright- 
ness 33,23 (Stb.: his duly lo be 
honest).— 2) that which is proper, 
due, necessary TjK 1.*»l} Tjipn] 
IDnO/ and there is one that 
withholdeth more than is proper, 
and still cometh only to want Pr. 

11,24.- 3) asa^t?.;n3T nc;'' 3inj5 

PlQif and that which was written 
down uprightly, even words cf 
truth Ec.12,10. 
^X*lty^ pr. n. Israel, the name glveo 

ivi -^'pi'-u4a 

Ti" :- s 

to the patriarch Jacoh Gen.32,29; 
*^B1^1 ^J? the children of Israel, 
i. e. the Israelite people Ex.l,l, 
for which sometimes simply 7^^t2^1 
5,2; hg'y?\ n? the land of Israel, 
i. e. Palestine IS. 13,19, for which 
simply h^-p) Is.19,24; gent -':8nl?: 
an Israelite 28.17,25, f. n^Ssni?^. 
ft^NIt^^ pr. n. in. 1 Chr. 25, 14 = 

n^wn^K V. 2. 

rna^^ Cc. ni?^;) f. uprightness, hon- 

esty 2^h n"l^) uprightness of 

heart IK.3,6. 
'jpi'^p'* m. poetical name for the 

people of Israel Deut.33,5. 
tC^2^^ ace. Stb. to shrink, to be 

wrinkled, hence B^^B^^. 
{5^2^^ (= ^^Pl) m. old man, one 

greyheaded 2Chr.36,17, 
•n^B^iS^^ (contracted from nSP HW) 

T T • TT T 

and read ^^f]) pr. n. Issachar, 

the fifth son of Jacob by Leah 

Gen.30,18, ancestor of the tribe 
of that name Jos.19,17. 

r\l Ch. (8f. ]1no;) sign of the ac- 
cusative case (= Heb. njj); "^ 
y^^^ p''4Q whom thou hast set 

^rf" Ch. (=Heb. 38^;; pt.jfi.fn. 

]'»iOi) V to sit Dan.7,9.— 2) to 
dwell Ezr.4,17. 

Aph. ^O^n to set, to cause to 
dwell Kzr.4,10. 
*^^f^ to pierce into, to stick in, 
whence 1^1^. 

276 yp* 

in* (c. 10! ; pi. nino: , e. nino!) m. 

1) peg, nail, pin nV}pr}U ^DID 
]%i D^'^9? the nail that' is fast- 
ened in the sure place Is.22,25; 
hr\i<n ir^] the nail (pin) of the 
tent Jud.4,21.— 2) shovel, spade 

r\m:^V. TiS n:nri no;i and thou 

shalthaveaspade upon thy weapon 
Deut, 23, H.—3)fiy. a fastening, a 
hold iB^ip^Dlpp? to; ^ij? i^DJ'l and 
to give us a nail (i. e. to fasten 
us) in his holy place £zr. 9, 8; 
poet, as a figure of a ruler: ^JQQ 

"^nj ^^?9 '^49 <^ut of him Cometh 
forth the pillar, out of him the 
nail Zch.10,4. 

DW (^rom Dn^; pH. D'»IJW.) m. 


prop, to be forsaken, hence: or- 
phan, one without a father or pro- 
tector Kx.22,21; Ps.lO^lS; Jb.6,27, 

"n^n^ m. what is espied, sought out 

(from IVl) ^819 D^in ^^n] what 
is espied by him on the moun- 
tains is his pasture Jb.39,8 (£ng. 
Bible: tho range of the moun- 
tains ib his pasture). 

nn^ Ar. nm to beat with a club, 
whence nri'H . 

TD^ pr. n. a city in the m^mn 
tains of Judah south of Hebron 
Jos.15,46 etc , now called Attir. 

yF\l Ch. {def. N^W) adj. exceed- 
ing, extraordinary Dan.2,31; 5,14; 
f. as adv.: very, exceedingly TY^^iyi 
n^J^^l exceedingly dreadful Dan, 




n^n^ iw. n. a place in Dan Jos. 


On^ to be alone, forsaken, whence 
dS-T.— Dn>: P8.19,14 belongs to 

non^ pr. n. m. 

7n^ Ar. jD^ to be constant, to en- 
dure, whence jri^R. 

bi<^Hr pr. n. m. 

•■ • « ^ 

Uri) pi^- ^- a city in Judah Jos. 

TTI^ 1) to knot, to bind.— 2) to 


stretch, to extend {Kal not used). 
Niph. ^ni: (/"ii*. -ID): , ap. ^xjr. ; 

niliJiJ) to remain, to be left; of 
persons: UV ^O^n^i ^^gl and 1 re- 
mained there Dan.10,13; ipjn 103!J 
^37 and Jacob was left alone 
Qen.32,25; of things: Sj no^r^^Sj 
p'l^.and there remained not any 
green thing Ex.10,15; with D of 
the thing of which a part re- 
mains: D'^^t^pn n^59 inr Dtj if 

ought of the flesh of the consecra- 
tions remain Ex.29,34; with nnK : 
to be left after, i. e. afler death 

onnnt? no^J iffK DrjV.? their 

• . . • • • . 

children that were left after them 
lK.9,21;p<. n^ii, f. nin^: used 
as n.; remainder, remnant, rest 
Ex.29,b4; Lev.2,3, etc.; pi D^lrf: , 
f. fli*1jr|ii remaining, those which 
remain, rest Gen.30,36; Ex.28, 10. 
Hiph. 1%:iin ifut. TO^^ , "lO^'' ; 
mp. -linln ; mf. n^0^'*» , ">0^n) 1) 
io let remain, to leave, to spare, | 

to preserve n^O^n l^g YH^ ^Tf'^l 
n^jn all the fruit of the trees 
which the hail had left Ex.10,15; 
Tl^ \:'5 TO'in ••• v» ^!3^^ unless 
the Lord... had left unto us a 
remnant Is.1,9; Djj ni\";i3 ^;3no^n5 
DV« nin ^e^i^e yet win 1 leave 

• • • 

a remnant that ye may have 
some that shall escape the sword 
among the nations Ez.6,8; 1{lin 
np^Dil ^X^ preserve thou those 
that are appointed to die Ps.79, 
11.— 2) to have more than enough, 
to leave in abundance g^Ilfe^l h^M 
^irjini there hath been enough to 
eat, and to leave in abundance 
2Chr.31,10; tr. to give abundance 

and the Lord thy God shall give 
thee abundance in every work of 
thy hand Deut. 30, 9. — 3) to be 
more than another, to excel, to 

have preference over 1rfn"9g 
thou shalt not exeel Gen. 49,4. — 
For "^n;Pr. 12, 26 sec l^n. 

TfJ^ a. ipl^ prop, pt of ID]! , hence: 
1) m. rest, remainder "^ff'n'riKI 

^^P^QH *nd the rest we havo dp- 
. • . • 

stroyed 18.15,15; also: pre-em- 
inence, advantage, gain "ID^^'H!? 
' P?'T]5 ^?P/. what advantage 
hath the wise over the fool? Ec. 
6,8 (Eng. Bible: what hath the 
wise more than the fool).— 2) 
adv. over, too much, more "'?K 
"My^"^ DjnOiPl make not thyself over 
wise Ec.7,16; tK ^JK ^J?lJ3n HoSl 
^\y^ and why was 1 then more 





vise? 2,1b; H^HQ l^^^l and more 
than these 12,12. 

in* I. ifrom lo; 1; »f. noi , c>-ni ; 

pZ. D^^J!) m. 1) rope, cord, thread 
Jud.16,7; fig. D| D^O^. Wi their 
thread of life is torn in them Jb. 
4,21.— 2) string of a bow ^ij.iS 
"l^J.'Ss DVn they make ready tlieir 
arrow upon the string P8.1I,2.— 
3) rein np? '•101 he hath let loose 
my rein pothers: my cord) Jb.30,11. 
in^ II. (from "10! 2; once 1 o;. Is. 

viv ^ •' 

56,12; ^/l D^O!) fl remainder, 
remnant, rest '•^^i?^ *^Cv ^^^ 
remainder of my years Is. 38t 
10; rfoS?^ n^l ip; the rest of the 
acts of Soiomon IK.11,41; "l^v 
n^lgn that which is left by the 
locust Jo. 1,4; ITB nSjK D^O^l but 
the remnant of them the fire con- 
sumeth Jb.22,20; D^JOl ^n^^H] 

Di7\'i^^P^ and they leave the rest 

• • • 

of their substance to their babes 
Ps.17,14.— 2) preference, excel- 
lence rr 1i3?l nK?^ id.! the excel- 
lence of dignity, and the excel- 
lence of power Gen 49,3; niKJ'xS 
'inj ^W ^J^b excellent speech 
becometh not a fool Pr.17,7; as 
rtdv; exceedingly, very ip^"^-^^- 
which became exceedingly great 

Dan.8,9; "^0/"^^ plentifully, abun- 
dantly P8'3i,24i n«p no;. Siia 

• • • 

much more abundant Is.56,12* 
nn^ 111. pr. n. 1) =nO!, which 

V|V • 

see.— 2) son of Gideon Jud.8,20.— 
3) a person mentioned in IK.2,5 
= H^O! 28.17,25.— 4) a porson 
mentioned in lChr.7,38 (=150? 
V. 37) and others. 
«nn^ see 10.! III. 5. 

n*in^ f' abundance, riches l8.15,7; 
c.'niO? Jer.48,36. 

nri^ P**- »• faiher-in-law of Moses 

> • 

Ex 1,3 = no^ 4,18. 
]1nri^. m. i^ preference, advantage 

r\\^yir[ p nppnS jno! wisdom 

hath the advantage over folly 
Ec.2,13.— 2) profit, gain inO!"nD 
Q^^l^ what profit hath a man ? 

T : : • 

mn^ (from 10^) /". prop, what is 

VIV ^ 

redundant, hence: lobe of the 
liver; fully njjn-^r niCT Lev. 

3,4, i3?n-]9 n>7 9,io, also niiT 

n3|lD Ex.29,22. 

nn^ pr. n. Edomite prince Gen. 

•• • 


J, final form*], the eleventh letter 
of the alphabet, called Kaph ^3 
hollow or palm of the hand, be- 
cause of its original similarity , 

to that form; as a numeral 3=20, 
T = 500. 
"3 (before Sheva ?, as 131?, ^3^9? 

• • « 

etc.: combined with the def, art 




etc.; before monsyllables ^, as 
•11?, ^^$, ^^^|i only once n«T? 
Gen.45,23 and in hv^ Ps.l 19,14: 
80 also before the personal suf- 
fixes D3§ , Dn| , n:n3 ; with the 

particle Id either ? as iD$, Q3'^D9 « 

• • • • 

DQtoj, or?, when that particle 
is accented , as ^iilpj , T|^DJ , ^nlD| 
etc.) adv. a. prep 1) as, lilie ITJ^ 
n^n^ clear as the sun Cant.6,10) 

he is as a' thief Jb.24,U; pn^? 
^V?n"ni$ as gold is tried Zch. 
13, 9; ntn Sin^n n^-JS like this 
great thing Deut.4,32; njD KJfDjn 

• • • • • 

^^^ can we find a man like this 
man? Qen.41,38; hence HJ.?, H^S? 

such n^8| ng^ ^p DK?? yoB^ "p 

who hath beard such a thing? 
who hath seen such things? Is 
66,8; also rt}^, nK?^ thus, so Jud. 
18,4; 28.17,15; ^ o.^ as... so, as 
well... as (where two things are 
compared) D&^^| DX^nj as the 
sin-offering so the trespass-of- 
fering Lev.7,7; nj^l ^i?3 Dja as 
ye are, so shall the stranger be 

Num,i5,i5;n{ii; '•nbpi m '•nb? as 

my strengtb was then, so is my 
strength now Jos. 14, 11,* some- 
times inverted: so. . . as T]^D^ 
nj^*7S9 so thou, as Pharaoh Gen 
44,18; (Eng. Bible: thou art even 
as Pharaoh); n^iS? *1A2 as well 

* • • • 

the stranger, as the native Lev 
24,16; more fully ^3 .••? Ps.127,4.— 
2) according to, after ill?^? B^^K 
a man after his own heart IS. 

13,14; ^-JIVS V. v!:e« the Lord 
rewarded me according to my 
righteousness Ps.18,21; 13 D2^5 
'''7'^t^tDn according as they were 
increased, they sinned against 
me Hos.4,7.— 3) about, nearly 
B^'^K niKB P3n«3 about four hun- 
dred men lK.'22'6j Di^ Tj'jn? about 
a day's journey Num.1 1,31} rivi33 
n^?^n about midnight Ex.1 1,4; 
ipp nS? about this time to- 

morrow Ex.9,i«; yya nnjp rjj 

about the time of the evening 
oblation Dan.9,21{ hence yjl? in 
a moment Num.l6,2i,' tS^pp but 
a little Ps 2,12; also: almost Drp^ 
^^W ^^P^ my steps had almost 
slipped Ps 73,2.— Before a verb. n. 

9 signifies: a) as 1»r^XK S^^? as 

• • • 

the trees of the wood are moved 

is.7,2. 5; as if vpnp-ns 09?? «ivn? 

as if the rod should swing about 
those wbo lift it up Is.10,15. 
c) as, when p»y.Vl M.l|>y gDiyj 
when Esau heard... he cried Gen. 
27,34; sometimes in this sense 

with a pt. iT n^?^D? \n:i and it 

• • • 

came to pass as (when) he drew 
back his hand Gen.38,29.— Joined 

to 1^8, ? gives that word the 

• • • 

following significations: a) as one 

who Dna: D^^JK irsa as one that 
• • • • 

comfortcth the mourners Jb.29,2!5. 

h) according as ^^K np^n 1C?82 

• • • 

according as ye shall say to mo 
Gen.34,12. c) as, like as nVJ 1§^S3 
D^J? '^. ^rii< as God had commanded 
him 'Gen.7,9; r\p^'^2 I^JRS as at 
the first Jo8.8,16. d) as if, as 

•3 280 


though n;7^j ^o';5 ikh ^^rs i 

should be as though I had never 
been Jb. 10,10. e) for, because 
^e DO^I? "I?^K3 for ye rebelled 
against my commandment Num. 
27,14. f) as soon as 'hn n^i^ 'IB^KS 
HjDSD as soon as be came nigh 
unto the camp Ex.32,19. g) when, 
if '•nij^ '•iPllJg 1^K3 when I 
perish, I perish Est.4,16« ]9 •o'll^t;^ 
as... so Num.2,17: Is.31,4, etc. 

"2 Ch. adv. (same as Heb.) I) as, 


like Dan. 7,9; Hjl? such thing Dan. 
2,10 (= Heb. nVirj).— 2) about, 
nearly Dan.6,1. — ^1? see ^ 

- T • 

to have pairj, to be sore, to suffer 
^«y. vS» 1ni|^9 his flesh upon him 
shall have pain Jb. 14,22; ^j^ ^JKl 
lt<i21 but I am poor and suffer- 
ing Ps.69,30; D^5Ki3 Dpv,';i? when 
they were sore Gcn.34,25. 

Hiph. yn^n {fut. :i^K?: , pi. 2 
ui«50 ; pe. ii{3B ; inf. y^^ys) to 

I • • • 

cause pain, to wound, to make 
sad tr^mi yt^yi kit he woundeth 

and bindeth up Jb.5,18; «^ "^JR 


'I'^C^n^S?'? I have not made him sad 
Ez.i3,22; 5^t5D f^ip a painful thorn 
28,24; fig. to spoil, to mar, to de- 
stroy UK?0 nj^tsn npj?nn Sb] 

Q^J^K^ and ye shall mar every 
good field with stones 2K.3,19. 

aN3 {8f. ^5H5) m. pain, suffering, 
sorrow IlS DJJJ sorrow of heart 
Is.65,14; tru^ 3t$9 desperate sor- 
row 17,11. 


nK3 (akin to nn^) prop, to be weak, 

hence: to be bowd down (K(d not 

Niph. HKW (i><. n^?i, c. n«w) 
to be bowed down, broken, grieved 
Dan 11,30; 3^S. ntJ^j the broken 
in heart Ps.l09,l6. * 

Hiph. ngOT (m/: niK5D) to break, 
to grieve Ez.13,22. 
nM3 <^/* only i>2. D^IS<3 troubled, 

V T '^ 

wretched Ps. 10,10 Kri (ace. JT^tk 

D^y^^n ; see nj^fT). 

"1^3 to pierce; only preL pL ^^gj 

Ps.22,17 for nRJ (= nj). 
*)2'*N3 see under "?. 

133 (3 A^ njjR?; once njj Is.24, 

20; ftd. ISy.'y inf. iDJ) prop, to 
become thick, hence: 1) to be 
heavy, weighty 1^51 D^tJl ^^iriQ 
it would be heavier than the sand 
of the sea Jb.6,3; with Sv : a) to 
be heavy upon Ps.32,4; ls.24,20. 
h) to be burdensome Neh.5,l8; 2S. 
13,25; with ^^: to be heavy against 
IS.31,3.— 2) to be dull nn^J «7 
rblJ^Q l^t^ neither is his ear too 
heavy (i. e. dull) for hearing Is. 
59,1; of the eyes: to become dim 
IRJt} n5? ^K1t?l ^^K the eyes of 
Israel were dim for age Qen.48, 
10; of the heart: to be hardened 
Wie ^b. ^SP*J and the heart of 
Pharaoh was hardened Ex.9,7.— 
3) to be important, honored, glo- 
rified yj:. \kh\ VJJ n?3: his sons 
come to honor, but he knov/eth 
it not Jb.14,21; !! ^a?l let the 


•• T 


Lord be glorified ls.66,5; '•^WPQ 

D^tjl ^^3? "l**? *"^ ^^^^ ^*®^ ^^^^ 
glorious in the midst of the seas 

Ez.27,25 (others: and thou wast 
very rich etc.; see del 4).— 4) to 
be heavy (in the sense of abun- 
dance), to be rich Ti«P nj? D^?S1 

anja^ neaa •"'^R^s *°^ ^^'*°^ "^^ 

very rich in cattle, in silver, and 
in gold Oen.13,2. 

Niph. nsj; (M. 1551 5 F*. i|5i » 

once 0.1^954 Pb- 149,8, pi. f. 
nn^Jv/m/Znajn) i) to be hon- 
ored, esteemod, glorified, to en- 
joy honor QISW '•^83 ?lii; thou 
hast been precious in my sight, 
thou hast been esteemed Is.43,4; 

ored upon' Pharaoh Ex.lM*. "^2 

people I will b glorified Lev.10,3; 
TJiJ'^S? 3^1 lajn enjoy the honor 
and abide at home 2K.14,10 (Stb.: 
act honorably, decorously); pt, 
njDJ honorable Gen.34,19; pi f. 
nvij34 glorious things Ps.87,3.— 
2) to' abound ""nSW nu;VB TS? 
DJD when there were no foun- 
tains abounding in water Pr.8,24. 

Fi. n39 (A**. 1331 ; i^f- «• «*»p- 

133) i; to honor 'T9?'^§ "^53 
honor thy father Ex.20,12; TJ^rj^p 
^J^133 ^^ neither hast thou hon- 
ored me with thy sacrifices Is. 
43,23; with h ; T]5P^ V\^T'\ and 
they shall honor thy name Ps. 
86,9.— 2) to harden ^"^MO ^^ 


Djjj'p-n^ wherefore do ye harden 
your hearts IS.6,6. 

Ptt. 135 ^f^' "^^^l^ *^® *^® honor- 
ed, esteemed ^^i^. nOS^n nptfj 
and he that regardeth reproof 
shall be honored Pr.13,18. 

Hipk. T3?rT (/"ti*. 1^3?^ «P- 

T 3 ?: ; P*- "»'93C ; «*«p. 1590 ; *»/"• 

nSjn , c n'9?n).— i; to make heavy 

(with hTi) nhp ?i^V ^13W ] P-r^^S 

for the aged hast thou made thy 
yoke very heavy is.47,6; n^39n 
D^n"S8 they have made very 
heavy for the people Neh.5,15; 
of the ears: to make dull ^^jjtjl 
1395 and make [yel his ears dull 
Is.6,10; of the heart: to harden 
13^ T391Jand he hardened his 
heart Ei.9,34.— 2) to make nu- 
merous n?V: «Sl D^Op^nj and 
I will make them numerous, and 
they shall not be made few in 
number Jer.30,19 (Eng. Bible: I 
will also glorify them, and they 
shall not be small).— 3) to ac- 
quire renown or glory '^^'!?4} 
T»g3nS TIS*? and thy heart hath 
lifted thee up to acquire renown 
2Chr.25,19 (Eng. Biblo: thine heart 
lifteth thee up to boast). 

HiOip. 1320? (!»*• ^.930?) 1) to 
make oneself many, to be nu- 
merous ninwj n^^rp p!;.J3 1330?? 

make thyself many as the canker- 
worm, make thyself many as the 
locusts Nah.3,15.— j2) to honor one- 
self, to strive after honor n^iJJ 3*0 
D^S-lQDl ^3^0?9 "^^ ^3»5 'b'^tter 
is he that is lightly eai^^vsssA 




who hath a servant, than he that 
striveth after honor, and lacketh 
bread Pr.12,9. 

133 11. (c. nj? a. n3,5;i>Z. D^W, 
c. '•1J3) cwy. i^ heavy, weighty 
^41§9 n351 135 Kf D? as a heavy 
burden they are too heavy for 
me Ps.38,5; hence also: heavy, 
hard, difficult "^JTI T]l?9 135 this 
thing is too heavy for thee Ex. 
18,18.— 2) burdened, laden Dg 
)^V 1^3 a people laden with ini- 
quity Is.1,4.— S) great, numerous 
"^3? ^\'7 a great army ls.36,2. — 
4) heavy, difficult 13?^ Hf 135 
l^vsh heavy (i. e. dull) of speech, 
and heavy of tongue Ex. 4,10; 
\\itf^ ^135 M. or a people of a 
heavy (difficult) tongue Ez.3,5. 

*T53 III. (8f. ^13?) ♦». the liver Lev. 

3,4; fig. ""IS? rii^^ ^6?^^ "y liver 
is poured upon the earth (an ex 

pression for great mental suffer- 
ing) Lam.2,11. 
'^^^ (= nin?) m. abundance ln| 
•^IPn ^^3 ^39 an abundance of 

• • • • 

all precious vessels Nah«2,10. 
133 w. 1) heaviness, weight 13^ 

V I ' 

]3)< a stone hath heaviness Pr. 
27,'3.— 2) multitude, heap l^e l^b 
a heap of carcasses Nah.3,3. — 
3) violence HDri; D 133 violence 
of war Is.21,15. — 4) thickening 
HKb^D 1^3 the thickening of ris- 
ing smoke Is.30,27. 

n33 (/V*t nSJI) to go out, to be 

T T 

quenched (of fire or light) Lev. 

6,6; Pr.31,18; fig. of wrath 2K.22, 
17,* U) nrj^es they are quenched 
as a wick 18.43,17. 

Ft. n33 Kfut. n§3^. 5 mf, ni33) U^ 
quench, to extinguish (a light) 
2Chr.29,7j Is.42,3; fig. of love Cant. 
8,7; of life: 710^333 when I shall 
put thee out Ez.32,7; of hope: ^\ 
^'iT. Vng n33i1 that thoii 

* • • • • 

quench not the light of Israel 28. 
21,17; proverbially: "^T^^ni m UJI 
they will extinguish my coais 
(i. e. they will destroy my last 
offspriiig 28.14,7. 

1133 (c. 1^3? a. 13? ; af. ni33 a. 

T • • • 

^^35, DT^3?) m. 1) honor, glory, 
splendor 1U^ D| l^y riches and 
honor IK.3,13; n^W t^t<h iSy^ 
3"**]^ it is honor for a man to 
cease ftrom strife Pf.20,3; Jl 113? 
the glory of God Ez.3,12;' TjSlJ 
1^35.1 the king of glory Ps.24,7; 
]1:j|n 1i33 the glory (splendor) 
of Lebanon l6.35,2; fig. of the soul 
Gen.49,6j Ps.16,9.— 2) abundance, 
wealth i1^^ 1i33 the abundance 
of his riches E8t.5,ll; n|T.''^S) 
in^3 1^3? when the wealth of his 
house is increased Ps.49,17. 

nittS 1) ^j- f' glorious, splendid, 
stately H'^U? H^Q a stately bed 
Ez. 23, 41; nO^J? ?I^Q-n3 HIU?-*?} 
the king's daughter is all glorious 
within Ps.45,14.— ^^ as a n.: pre- 
cious things, wealth Jud. 18,21 
(= 1^.3$ 2). 

/tt3 pr. n. 1) a city in Asher Jo& 
19,27.— 2) a district of OalilMi 


comprising twenty cities IK.9,13. 
{133 pr, n, a, city in Judah Jos. 
15,40 = K455Q lChr.2,49. 

T33 ipl- C3^1^?3) adj' gi'eat, mighty, 
strong T?3 ^K God is mighty Jb. 
36,5; T'JS D^l a strong wind 8,2; 
D^T'W DIB mighty waters ls.l7, 
12; D^p; Tl^;j^D T?5 greater than 
thy father in age Jb.15,10; as 
adv,: much "^T n^VD 'T'ga ^55 and 

• • • • • 

because my hand had gotten 
much Jb.31,25; 1^?3 K^S incon- 
siderable ls.16,14; once T^K^ Is* 
10,13 (ace. some fo ^'^^^^ , see 

^^2}3 ^* quilt, mattress (others: 
pillow) DMyn 1^53 the mattress 
of goat's hair IS 19,13. 

^33 to bind, to wind around. 
!?33 wi. bond, fetter; pi, c, Sna ^Jj^S 

fetters of iron Ps.l49,8. 
D33 (only pt. D^^^) prop, to tread, 


to trample, hence: to wash, to 
full DjiD n'if the fuller's field 
2K.18,17 a. Is.7,3. 

Pi. D55, D3? ifut. USS:\ pt. 
D329) to wash, to full, to cleanse 
(clothes) Ex.19,10, Lev.11,25, etc.; 
pod. iB^J^ \112 Dg? he washed his 
garments in wine (a figure of 
fullness) Gen.49,lr, fig. to purify 
(in a moral sense) ^JiaP VG?3 ^IT 

• • • • 

vash (purify) me thoroughly from 
mine iniquity Ps.51,4; nrnD ^p?3 
t|3^ wash (purify) thy heart fr(jm 
wickedness Jer.4,14. 

283 2^33 

P11. D23 to be washed D.^93 D321 
and it shall be washed with water 
Lev. 15,17. 

Hothp. DSSn (for 0330?) to be 
washed, purified D23rj ^intj after 
that it is washed Lev. 13,55. 
J733 to be high, to be hill-shaped. 

hence Vi*^^ a helmet. 
T33 1) to stretch, hence 1^5? , "T^^S , 

nn^p.— 2) to bind together, tc 
plait, hence n^^$ (Kal not used>. 

*^^3?D) to make many, to multi- 
ply TJJIJ^^D he multlpliethworde 
"133 I. (from 133 1) prop, length. 

extent, hence: adv long ago, al- 
ready D'^pSir'? ,Tn nn? it hath 

been already of old time Kc.1,10. 
*133 n« P". w. a river in Mesopo- 

tamia Ez.l,3 = Tin, which see. 
nT33 (from njS 2) f, a sieve Ahl 

m33 (from n3| i; c n^??) r. 

length, extent fltj DIJJ extent 

of land, 1. e. distance Qen.35,16; 

tP23 I. r/t**. C^^2?V, pt tS^33; m/'. 

u^l33) prop, to treud down, tc 
trample upon, hence: i) to sub- 
due, to subjer/t, to oppress, to 
suppress ni^^pj ri??"^8 ^«^9 
fill the earth and subdue it Gen. 
1,28; D?.^ nv.7^ OnX ^B^??Oj 
nln^e^H. bnjgS' and ye have sub- 
jected them to be unto you for 
servants and handmaids J§r.34 




16; y^p^A-JB ^^^f] and they shall 
subdue the sling-stones (a figure 
of the heathen) Zch.0,l5; ^2y, 
U'^pWy. he will suppress (disre- 
gard) our iniquities Mic.7,19. — 
2) to force, to do violence SS^i^jS 
^J^90"^^ to do violence to the 
queen Est.7,8. 

Niph. \^3^\ i) to be conquered, 
subdued, with ^AB*? Num 32,22.— 
2) to be brought into bondage \!^\) 
niB^3?: iro^i99 and some of our 

• • • 

daughters are brought into bond- 
age Neh.5,5. 

Pi 15^35 to subdue 2S.8,11. 
H^K B^'^ajn (fut. tS^^53:) to sub- 
due Jer.34,li {Ktib). 

\if!m n. to burn, to be hot, whence 
2?D3 (from B^ja i) m. footstool 

V IV ^ 


2^D2 to be tame, meek. 

1^213 (P^- ta^i???) ^' young sheep, 
Umb ^n)f']S 'inx-B^JJ lamb of 
*Le first year Num. 7,15; D'^ipj? 
^f$ ^i? lambs of the first year 
7,17 (by transposition sometimes 

m23 a. n^5? (c ni?w ; pi. nipj?, 

c. nt^i?) f, ewe lamb, young 
female sheep Num.6,U; 2S.12,3; 
]»^yn ne^^9 ewe iambs of the 
flock Qen.21,28 (by transposition 
sometimes H^K^p). 

]t^I}3 (from tS^M II.) m. oven, 
furnace Qen.10,28. 

12^sf.1[:\S;pl. 0^3) m. vessel, 

pitcher Gen.24,U; 1K.17,U, etc. 
3*73 Ch. to lie, to tell false hoodi 
(= Heb. :il5). 

3n3 Ch. (def. K Jl? ; f. njl?) adj 

lying njlj n^5 lying word* 
*n3 ^) to deepen, to hollow, whence 
13.— ^^to sparkle, whence i313« 

n3 see "^^ . 

•• • 

n3 Ch. see T . 

*13*73 w. a sparkling gem (prob 

carbuncle) Tl^.ritfpif^ *1313 ^W5^1 
I will make of carbuncles thy 
battlements Is.54,12 (Eng. Bible; 
1 will make thy windows of 

yHS w. circle, ball Is.22,18 (D gen- 
erally regarded as prefix, the 
word being IHj see *in II.). 

T13 V to circle, to make a round 
motion, whence inj.— 2) lo bs 
disturbed, troubled, whence 1^''$ . 

TD'»^T13 pr. n. king of Elam Gen. 
V I T : T : 


lis adv. so, thus T\V^l nV7\ rl3 so 
shall thy seed be Gen. 15,5; T\l 
1\ 1B« thus saith the Lord Jcr. 
2,2; lis? tM tiDj^ in this manner... 
in that manner IK.22,20.— 2) here, 
there n3*1$ to that place, yonder 
Gen.22,5; rl3 • • * US here... there, 
this side ... the other side Num. 
11,31; rlDI ns hither and thither 
Bx.2,12.— 5) now 113-12 hitherto, 
until now Bx.7,16; llriy] linj 




in the mean time, meaDwhile 
(prop, till DOW and till then) IK. 

nS Ch. (=Heb. rl3) adv, here nj-lg 

«P^9"n «5^D hitherto is the end 
of the matter Dan,7^8« 

nns (M. nny. ; inf. rinj) i) to be 

faint, dim, feeble, of the eyes: 
f^h^B IVS.rWCU and his eyes 
were dim, so that he could not 
8eeGen.27,l; ^J^y. B^gJlJ HJplmine 
eye is dim by reason of sorrow 
Jb.17,7.— 2) to be dispirited, to 
despond f n^ «S\ nrj?: tih be shall 
not despond, nor be discouraged 

J^ nnj F iga I) to be pale, dim 
V2^ nn^ .e plage is pale Lev. 
13,6.- ' to be faint 'Sj r]f}7\^) 
on ai every spirit shall be 
faint fiz.21,12.— 3) tr. to rebuke 
^9 ^^? ^^1 and he rebuked (Eng. 
Bible: restrained) them not IS. 

r\r\3 (f. nn^ , pi. nins) adj. dim, 

faint, pale (of light, color and 
eyesight) T^T}^ r\^p$ a dimly 
burning wick Is.42,3; miS ninn| 
ni^^7 spots, pale and white Lev, 
13,39; nins ^Snn I^J""? his eyes 
began to be dim IS.3,2; fig. pn 
nns a faint spirit Is.61,3. 

nn3 /". alleviation, healing nnrrK 
^l^^^ there is no healing for 
thy breach (wound) Nah.3,10. 

p3 (from p3 to stand) to stand 

by, to assist, to minister (Kd 
not used). 

P«. in? {fut. ]ni] ; «!/•. jns , <. 

^^33) i> to minister, to act as a 
priest Ex.31, 10; Deut.10,6.-- 2) fig. 
to deck, to adorn IR? \r\3\ jjllj^ 
as a bridegroom decketh himself 
with ornaments 18.61,10* 

Ilia (prop, pt of ]n§ ; 1,1. D^;a3 , 

Q'!]!\')i.l3) m. ■/>> minister, priest 
;i ]33 the priest of the Lord 
IS. 14,3; r^y ^B^ Ids the priest 
to the most high God.14,18) ^Jd3 
niD^n the priests of the high 
places lK.i3,2) among the Hebrews 
the priests were of the tribe of 
Levi, wherefore DJI^H D^Jd^O the 
priests the Levltes Kz.4445; the 
Hebrew High Priest was called 

Sin|n id2)L!Lev.2)ao, D'P^l IdSQ 

the anointed priest 4,3, or ]d3 
tr«in the chief priest 2Chr.l9,H; 
the next in dignity was called 
^j^90 Ids the second priest Jer. 
52,24.— 2J chief, ruler ^^'Hinj 
Id^vl ^^7 and be unto me a father 
and a ruler Jud.17,10 (mcc. Kim- 
chi: a counsellor); D^tlS ^^ ^W' 
Vn and David's sons were chiefs 
2S.8,18, for which in the parallel 
passage in lChr.18,17: Tl^-'';!^* 
n^eO '^l) D^}1ir«15 and the sonr 
of David were the first at th 
side of the king. 

]n3 Ch. (=Heb. ]d3 ; def. N^qS) n-\ 
priest Ezr.7,12; pi. def. X^iHJ F.- 
6,0 etc. 

TV : 



ninS (c. fljn? ; pi. niJO?) f. priest- 

T« • * • • • 

ft • * ■ 

hood, priest's office Num. 3, 10; 
13 Ch. (pi. P13) in. window DaD.6,11- 

y\2 dr, n. a country near Egypt 
and Ethiopia (ace. some = 31J 
Nubia) Ez.30,5. 

j;5l3 , ^ y J^3 (from PM ; c. yji^ ; 
pLD^VJ^S) w. helmet IS.17,5; Jer. 

mS to burn (Kal not used). 
^^ Niph.n):ii (/^^)tobc burned, 
scorched' n^JO «^' tTR-lD? TI^D ^J 
when thou walkest through the 
fire thou shalt not be burned Is. 
43,2; Pr.6,28. 

mi (=Syr. riD) to puflf, to pant; 
fig, to exert oneself, whence n^ . 

n*13 (from njS) f. burning, burn, 
Y* ♦ * • 

scar Ex.21,25. 

3^13 (c. Mi3; pi. D^JJiS, c. ^3?^3) 
i; star D^e^n '•3?i3 the stars of 
the heaven Gen.22,17j ^M ^3313 
the morning stars Jb.38,7; ^^y^ 
^^i the stars of the twilight 
(evening stars) 3,9; fig. of a great 
prince 3pKip Djls ^nn there shall 
come a star out of Jacob Num. 
24,17.— 2) ace. Stb.: pr. n. of a 
godhead Am.5,26. 

/13 (pret. 7|) to measure, to hold, 

to comprise V^^^ ^^SK ^''^^^S ^35 
and comprised in a measure the 
dust of the earth 19.40,12. 

Pi. redupi. ^3^5 (fid. hshs: ; pt 
^5^5? ; inf. Sa^S) i; to hold, to 

contain, to comprise ^h Q^Q^O 
?]^7573^, the heavens cannot con- 
tain thee IK.8,27.— 2) to main- 
tain Dgf D? V^JT *7373: he will 
maintain his cause with Justice 
Ps.112,5 (Eng. Bible: he will guide 
his affairs with discretion).— ^^ to 
sustain, to bear, to endure n^*l 
^nSrjB ^3^3^. ^^^ the spirit of a 

• • • 

man will sustain (bear) his in- 
firmity Pr. 18,14; h^^S >0>:^^ I 
was weary with enduring Jer.20, 
.9. — 4) to sustain, to support, to 
provide, with ticcus. Dn^ D^5^?* 
D^pj and he provided them with 
bread and water IK.18,4. 

Pu. h^i^ to be furnished with 
provisions IK.20,27. 

Hiph. S^?n ifvt S^j; ; inf. ^'•Dn) 
1) to hold, to contain HS D^.G^N 
7"*?^ it contained two thousand 
baths IK.7.26; S'»;n{} |^tD[J too 
little to hold 8,64.— 2) to bear, 
to endure, to abide ^'•jn ^O^S^i 

I am weary with enduring Jer.6, 

II (comp. Jer.20,9); 15^;^, ''9^ and 
who is able to abide it? Jo 2,U; 
7^pn7 •^?1? more than one can 
endure Ez.23,32 (others: contain- 
ing much). 

TD^3 (from TD3) m. prop, globule, 

hence: bead, a string of beads, 
a neck-lace Ex.35,22; Num.31,50 
(Eng Bible: tablets). 

1^3 I- to stand upright or firm, 
whence jSi )^^9 (^•s^ not used). 
Niph. pi(/u<. \^2);pt p),pl. 
D^jiDJ , f njtop , imp. ]S2n) 1) to 



be firm, established WQ ?IKP9 ]iDj 
thy throne is established of old 
P8.93,2; nf2) HD^peD] and the 
kingdom was established IK.2,46; 
Di*n jiDrng until the day be 
established, fixed (i. e. unto per- 
fect day-light) Pr.4,18; n^J? nfilf 
ngS ]l3i:i the lip of truth will be 
established (firm) for ever Pr. 
12,10. -p 2) to be determined ]i3j 
D\'lSgtn D¥B n^'jn the thing is 
determined (Eng. Bible; estab- 
lished) by God Qen.41,32.— 3) to 
be ready, prepared 'IjJP'Z ^3^. H?^ 
be ready in the morning Ex.34,2; 
lS IlD4 ]^t?^ ni:^ ^nSe^] and send 
portions unto them for whom 
nothing is prepared Neh. 8, 10; 
D^tDSt? D^V^.!z ir3:judgments(pun- 
ishments) are prepared for the 
scorners Pr. 19, 29; 'DK^pS |i3n 

^^5 •?• ^^ prepared to meet thy 
God 'Am.4,12.— 4) right, faith- 
ful pD4D^*1 a right spirit Ps51, 
12 (others: a firm spirit); D3*? 
ter \^^''ikh their heart was not 
right (faithful) with him Ps.78, 
37; pt f. r]fi^i as n.: faithfulness 

Ps.5,10.— 5) proper rftrvi |iD: tih 
)3 it is not proper to do so Er.. 

Pi, ]Ai3 ifid, ]}Sy^i imp, njjl3) 
1) to set, to establish, to make 
firm 1^(lp9 D^t^^S ]j;2 he hath set 
(established) his throne for Judg- 
ment Ps.9,8; ^1?^K U^3 he made 

• • • * 

my steps firm 40,3 (Eng. Bible: 
he established my goings); r)jr3 

i&SDl r'^ thou hast established 
the earth, and it abideth 110,90.- 
2) to form, to fashion UJOn 
"in^ on^l and he fashioned ue 
is the same womb Jb. 31, 15 
(=nAJlDn).- 3) to make 
ready, to prepare, to direct, to 
aim n J^ 1 D \ 1 ?IT; ^?^j2. he hath 
bent his bow, and made it ready 

Ps.7,13; ^\^r^^ni 1^13 'if KJ as he 

aimeth to destroy ls.51, 13; Vinjn^C? 
Dn^;.5-Sy IJIdO when thou Shalt 
direct fthy arrows] upon thy 
strings against their face Ps.21, 
13; fig. to apply one's mind, with 
^ : D^iiK 1{;n^ ]J;d1 and apply 
thyself to the search of their 
fathers Jb.8,8. 
Pu. ]ji3 i) to be made firm, 

established ^^12) lariKW ;:d 

• • • • • • • 

by the Lord are the steps of a 
[good] man established Ps.37,23.- - 
2) to be formed, prepared Ez.28,13. 
Hiph. ]^?n ifut r?; , ap. ] 5,n J 
imp. pn ; inf. pn , pn) 1) to set 
up, to establish ^JB^iD pjK D^^l 
when in the street 1 establish my 
seat Jb.29,7; r\lVSi^ nniK T^jnS 

• • • • ■ • • 

to establish it and to support it 
(of a kingdom) Is.9,6; niD^D I'-jnj 

DV^in*^ when Rehoboam estab- 
lished the kingdom 2Cbr. 12,1; 
hence also: to constitute, to ap- 
point ihsh l\ irjn the Lord had 
constituted him king 2S.5,12; inf. 
pn as adv : firm ..♦ D^jaSH npgj] 
\^p and the priests stood... firm 
Jos 3,17.— 2) to set, to fix n^'rjru 




against it £z.4,3; with 22 : to set 
or apply one's heart nriH Dijt 
?13^ nirjn if thou set (apply) 
thy heart Jb.11,13; ^3^1^ ]''3n K^T^ 
Ezra had applied his heart Ezr. 
7,10.- 3) to prepare n^J \\ p?n 
the Lord hath prepared a sacri- 
fice Zph.1,7; T\1^rp, Y:p:i 'i''?!? she 
prepareth (provideth) her meat 
in the summer Pr.6,8; V^T] Sh) 


njD"^S| he hath also prepared 
for him the instruments of death 
Ps.7,14; T|S ]3n\ 3XOT stand fast 
and prepare thee Jer.46,14. 

Haph. p^n (pt. ]5^D) 1) to be 
established Kg? nQPS ]y\n) and 
in mercy shall the throne be 
established Is. 16,5. — 2) to be 
prepared ]3n ?|^.©1? for the king 
it is prepared Is.30,33; ]^^D D^D 
non^p Di^^^ the horse is prepared 
for the day of battle Pr.2I,3I. 

HHhp. ]Ai3on, ]}S2:} ifut. p.l3c: , 

\X^T,) 1) to be established ni|n 
pn'»p 1''V ]Ai201 let the city of 
Sihon be built and established 

Num.2 i,27;n}U05^ n:| njjviDjn? 

IJ^^fl? through wisdom is a house 
built, and by understanding it is 
established Pr.24,3.— 2) to pre- 
pare oneself ^:^1211 ]^VT. W''^.^ 
without fault [of mine] they run 
and prepare themselves Ps.59,5. 

p3 II. pr, n, a city in Syria IChr. 

18,8 = ''0S5 2S.8,8. 

3 (from ]^3, Ft, H?, Ch. ]).a to 

prepare; pi. D^J)3) m. cake, 
wafer (for offerings) Jer.7,18. 
D1i3 (akin to n(J|) ^.0 roll up, to be 

D13 1, (p^. niob) f. cup D^K^.rj dt44 

ntobl. ]:2 goblets full of wine and 
cups' Jer,35,5; K^K rf^yv^) Di3 the 

• • • 

cup of [thanksgiving for his] 
salvation will I lift up Ps.ll6, 
13; fig, portion, lot-IJgn ^>Sy DJ 
D^3 also unto thee shall the cup 
pass (i. e. also thou shalt re- 
ceive thy portion) Lam.2l,6; nni 
Dpi3 njp nisr^I and a glowing 
wind is the portion of their cup 
Ps. 11,6; 1: rtJl Di3 TJ^S? D^Dp the 
cup (i. e. the doom) of the Lord's 
right hand shall be turned unto 
thee Hab.2,16; of a happy lot: 
n \^ *1 ^0^3 niy cup runneth over 23, 
5; of divine punishment: inijn DiS 
the cup of his (God's) fury Is. 
51,17; rh^Tm D^3 the cup of 
trembling (or confusion) Is. ib.; 
npp^^nip^D^^the cup of astonish- 
ment and desolation Ez.23.33. unclean bird,the cormorant 
or pelican Lev. 11,17, so called 
from the pouch under his throat 
(comp. D''5). 

^li^ (= npj) to dig out, to hollow, 
hence ni»5 , 1^3 . 

^^3 m. furnace, crucible *]Q5 TjVli'JJ 
*1^3 T]%15 as silver is melted in 
a furnace Ez.22,22; fig. TjWn? 
^jV *1^3? I have tried thee in the 
crucible of affliction Is.48,10) of 
Egypt as the place of bondage- 



T •• 

^JISD *1^3 the iron furnace Deut. 
^'(S see 13. 

1E^^*^13 I'*'* «• a city in Simeon 
IS.30,30; elsewhere ]^V, which 

B^TiS see t^!]3. 


B^^ l)r. n. i^ son of Ham Gen. 10,6, 
ancestor of the Ethiopians — 
2) Ethiopia Is. 18,1.— 3) a Ben- 
jamlte at the court of Saul Ps 7,1. 

*B^^ m. i) gent, from iri3 ^, an 

Ethiopian; f. n^?^^3 Num.l2,l;irf. in. 
D'';5^^3, D^?^^3 Am.9,7-, 2Chr.21, 
16.— 2)pr. n. father of the prophet 
Zephaniah Zph.1,1. 

p^2 = ^^^ pr. n. Ethiopia Hab 3,7. 

D^iirB^T VZf^ V' **• king of Meso- 
potamia Jud.3,8. 

niK'la (only pi. ni1f^i3) ^ pros- 
perity, happiness D^^PK ^''V^O 
ni"lS^^33 he bringeth out those 
who are bound unto happiness Ps. 
68,7 (Eng. Bible: he bringeth out 
those which are bound with chains). 

T^ a. np^3 jw. n. a district of 
Assyria, whose inhabitants were 
brought by Shalmaneser into 
Samaria where they amalgamated 
with the ancient inhabitants and 
formed the Samaritan people 2I{. 
17,24 a. 30; whence the latter are 
called by the Talmudists D^0^3 . 

mni3 8ee nnpb. 

•/|V ' • 

^T2 to lie, to speak falsehood; Kal 

only -gi. 2)^ Ps.ll6,ll. 

Niph, Il{7j to be proved false, 
to be deceived njTJJ in^R'n his 
hope is proved false (is vain) Jb. 
41,1; of a man: to be found a 
liar n5J5i1 Tl? n^'jins lest he re- 
prove thee, and thou be found a 
liar Pr.30,6. 

Fu At? (M 3H: ; mf, 3i2) to 
lie, to deceive, to be falj^e lit 
At31 >^ D''i^0.8 a faithful witness 
will not lie Pr.14,5; -U!3^. D: JT??! 
^ and they lied unto him (de- 
ceive him) with their tongues Ps. 
78,36; fig. of waters which dry up, 
thus deceiving the hope ot the 
traveller: Ufjrx'? IB'K D^.Q KJf^DJI 
VD'^Q and ifke a spring of water, 
whose waters never deceive (i. e. 
never fail) Is.5S,ll (comp. -ntrK). 

High, -nnjn (/u«. an.X) to make 
or prove one a liar ^J3V51 '•p 
^0^9 ^^ DTil who will make 

• • • • 

nie a liar, and render as nought 
my word Jb.24,25. 

aT3 (pi. D^?j5, c. ^;}T?, Bf Dn^5J5^ 

TT • • • • • 

m. lie, falsehood, deceit 2f^ Ij*) 
to speak lies Dan. 1 1,27; D'^Jt? Q^gr) 
to utter lies Pr.6,19; 3J$'*13T words 
of deceit, lying words 30,8; DD|'?9» 
5J§ lying divination Ez.13,7; ^^^ 
3T5 a nan of deceit, a liar Pr.l9, 
22; D''JT5 DgS food of deceit, de- 
ceitful food 29,3; fig. of idols Am. 

KDT2 i^. w. a place in Judah iChr. 

4,22 =-n\t? a. -n'^lJS, which see. 



^3T3 7^' «• f- Num.25,15. 

D^T2 l^*"- ^- a place in Judah Gen. 
38,5 = KjfS a. D^IJS , which see. 

^O to l)e hard, cruel, whence TTJg . 

na , nl*: (»/*. ^n3 , ?]n3) m. i; strength, 
might, power Jb.6,llj Jud.16,6; 
Q3 IJT^ to retain (i. e. to have) 
strength Dan. 10,8; TO'^ power- 
less, he that is without strength 
Jb.26,2; ^g. of the produce of the 
earth Qen.4,12.- ^; ability ns ]^»5 
pna ntoU^ and we are not able 
to stand without Ezr. 10, 13. — 
B) wealth, riches D^t ^yWH? 
?]n3 lest strangers be filled with 
thy wealth Pr.5,10. 

nn3 to efface, to destroy (Zed not 

n^n.5J , pL ninn?^) l) to hide one- 
self,' to be hid, with ]tj : i;»l *?;i 
^.^9D 19 injr*^*? no matter is hid 
from the king 28.18,13, nnjrx'? 
^89 ^DVy my substance was not 
hid from thee Ps.139,15.— 2) to 
disappear, to be destroyed, cut 
off r'3??"P "^njfU a»<^ thou Shalt 
be cut off from the earth Bx.9,l5; 
Ifljn nnnjjn she that is to be 
destroyed, let her be destroyed 

Ti, nn? Kfui, nnSP '-) to hide, 
tu conceal IJl ^JB9 ^n3^ *?Khide 
nothing from me Jer.38,14.— Z) to 
deny, to disown ^nP« ^OIW kS 
tfiip 1 have not denied the words 
of the holy one Jb.6,10. 

* . • • 

in/!. T^njO) i) to hide, to conceal 
ijlir^ npn niTDK he will conceal 
It under his tongue Jb.20,l2.— 
J2) to cut off, to destroy H^n??^ 
n^Q^n*?^ to cut off and to destroy 

IK. 13, 34; ''liip DTII^i let us cut 


them off from being a nation 
Pa. 83, 5. 

9n3 (=*?3n) to paint ^rrs iS^nj 

thou paintedst thine eyes Ez.23,40. 
B^na to lie; iig. to fail, to waste 
away IPfP TDJ n?? my flesh 
fkileth of fatness Ps. 109, 24. 

ISvgh. fut. rnj: 10 feign, lo flat- 
ter TJ^ Tl'^yM ^^^D?! thine enemies 
sha.l fl:iiter thee Deut. 83,29. 

Pi. B^nj ifut. V^US) ; mf. B^na> 

1) to deny, with 3 : ntj^'l VJ ^^D? 
K^'Ki? they have denied the Lord 
and said. It is not he Jer.5,12; 
injJS? irr^paS ^'M] and he deny 
to his neighbor as to a deposit 
Lev.5,21.-- 2) to lie, to deceive 
iS rn? he lied unto him IK. 13,18; 

B^ns"]?;?*: -ly?? nr])i ^^^):*^] 

neither shall they wear a hairy 
garment in order to deceive Zch. 
13,4; fig. nn-n8?Jfe B^nj the labor 
of the olive deceiveth (I. e. fail- 

eth) Hab.3,17; HJ ^D3) ^'^^'^) and 

• • • • 

the new wine shall deceive her 
Hos.9,2.— 3) to submit oneself, 
to flatter ^^"^B^DS; ^^n^ the 
strangers shall submit themselves 
(utter flattery) unto me Ps. 18,45. 
HUhp, B^nsnri {fut. B^nSOJ) same 
as Niph. a. Ft. 3^ to submit one- 



self, to flatter ^^ ItTDWl ^SA ''A? 

• • • • 

the strangers shall submit them- 
selves unto me 26.22,45 (comp. 
Ps. 18,45). 

i; lying, deceit D^TS^ 8^035 ^J^Jp 

Ephraim encompasseth me about 

with lying Hos.12,1; "^6 D^t'^K 

^D) ye have eaten the f^ult of 

deceit 10,13; pi. sf. D.TI?D33 7,3.- 

2) 1 eanness D p^n .TH Sg? ^ACPi7P:! 

HiSi^iB? ^rnS ^? thou hastfllied 
• • • • • 

me with wrinkles, which is a wit- 
ness against me; my loanness ris- 
eth up in me and testifleth to my 
face Jb.16,8 (Vulgate: my wriniclcs 
testify against me, and he that 
speaketh lies riseth against me, 
contradicting me to my face). 

VT\2 o^i' lying, false; only pL, D^jf 
D^^n^ lying children Is.30,9. 

^31 (for ^19, from TJJ) w. mark 

burnt in, burning, burn DOD ^9 
^^y^ burning instead of beauty 

'3 11. c(mj. 1) for, because K"yjJ-«b 

n$V n^S"*? y^ I will fear no 
evil, for thou art with me Ps. 
23,4,' ntir ^^'l^^ ^9 because thou 
hast done this Qen.3,14; H^K^ T]^ ^5 
for to thee doth it appertain Jer. 
10,7.— 2) that aiD-''5 D'^IJSk « T M 
and Qod saw that it was good 
Qen.1,10; rW^jST^i^, ^IjK ^3 ^3J« ^9 
who am I, that 1 should go unto ' 
Pharaoh? Ex.3,11.— 3) but ^h 

Qod Gen.45,8; Pi?n^ ^J «*? nay, 
but thou didst laugh 18, 15- — 

4) as .••Kpy-Sy DlQ-py(J ^? 

?lpr*?fi ^0^*1 r'y«. as I pour water 
upon the thirsty..., [so] will I pour 
my spirit upon thy seed Is.44,3; 

as a young man marrieth a virgin, 
[so] shall thy sons marry thee 
62,5; it sometimes corresponds 
with 1 or ]a : an? Di^nO «? ^? 

D^i;i'3 a^? *?'W ' '^'PJ {;A¥ as a 
dream cometh through tlie mul- 
titude of business, so a foul's 
voice is known by the multitude 
of words Ec.5,2; D^Q^ l^fr^? 
oySniP ^3*11 ^njl ]3 {^^JJBas the 
heavens are higher than the 
earth, so are my ways higher 
than your ways Is. 55,9.— 5) when, 

if nci «iijh «S Tiiy^m m ia».o ^? 

T|7 T\rO when thou tillest the 
ground, it shall not henceforth 
yield unto thee its strength Qen. 
4,12j ''Pyi? \h^ '•Pf ^ClO ''J when I 
kept silence, my bones wasted 
away Ps.32,3. — 6) even when, 
even if, though, although ^kh) 

Ml*l Qod led them not the way of 
the land of the Philistines, al- 
though that was near Ex. 13,17; 
in this sense also in Gen.48,14«— 
With the interrogative particle 
n, ^9 emphasises the interroga- 
tion: '•PIDK '•jq is it that I said ? 
(did I say?) Jb.6,22; 'V^V'^l ''M 
*1D^i I^K is there yet any that 
is left? 2S.9,1; sometimes negative^- 

fax ^3 


ly, where an afiTlrmative answer is 
rightly named Jacob? Gen.27,36.— 
^5 is frequently subjoined toothre 
particles, thus: '»? ]V1, ^5 hv on 
this account that, because^ ^9*"^% 
until that, until: ^? a[:.|g, ''J nnp 
for the reason that, because. For 
DK ^3 see in its order below; **? 
]3 hi see under ]3 ; ^? «1K , ^3 DgK 
see under P|K , DS,§ . 

DX ^3 a compound particle ex- 

• ■ 

pressing the following meanings: 

1) but ^?Tie?^TyiBK:.ipy;.«^ 

^fc<lir;-D« thy name shall' be 
called DO more Jacob, but Israel 
Geii.32,29; Vj>hv n)T}\ TJ^p.-DK ^? Hh 
Day, but we will have a king 
over us IS.8,19; ;: n^inrDJJ ^J 
iV^g but his delight is 'in the 
law of the Lord Ps.I,2.-- 2) ex- 
cept, unless -DK ^5 7\U^je& «*? 
'':n?13 I will not let thee" go, 
except thou bless me Gen.32,27.— 
3) that V"jn.K ''nVYDJJ '»? I] V as 
the Lord liveth, [that] I will run 
after him 2K.5,20; so also In Jer. 

5,14.— 4) if tfp^n «ia ''ipS-DJJ ^? 
ncisp-^5 i« Dn^ DrtJ^J if I taste 
bread, or ought else, till the sun 
set 2S.3,35.— Where DK belongs 
to adependentclause,cach particle 
retains its own meaning, as In 
the following passages; "DtJ "'J 

IHK bipijp D''l^n^.5 iDX! for, if 
tb.ou hold thy peace at this time, 
pnh\rf^omcn» and delivery shall 


arise to the Jews from another 
place Est.4,14; "DK ^? ^7^ Si; 
Dpb' ^?j DT^? ^riK Dp«'D\npp 
DS'^SS D^JP^ know ye that, if ye 
put me to death, ye shall bring 
innocent blood upon yourselve? 
Jer.26,15; cn'}] n^in DK ^3 but if 
(though) he cause grief, yet will 
he have compassion Lam.3,32. 

T3 »*• destruction Jb.21,20. 

in^3 w. spark trg nn^3 sparks 

of fire Jb.41,11. 
]1"I^3 »*. i; spear, javelin Jer.6,23; 

50,42.— 2) p''? J ja pr. n. a place 

between Jerusalem and U^*jl^\ finj; 

lChr.13,9 = ]2) ]*i^ 2S.6,6. 

*)*jn^3 m. warlike tumult, war Jb. 


|V2 P^' n- name of a heathen deity 

(ace. some the planet Saturn) 

i^ basin, wash-basin, laver Ex. 
31,9; rg n1*3 flre-pan Zch. 12, 6 
(Eng. Bible: torch of fire).— 2) plat- 
form, scaffold (in the temple) 

v^3 *• ^IZS w. churl, niggard, 
miser yitS^ np«: «S ''S''?^^ and the 
niggard shall not be said to be 
bountiful Is.32,5; DW ^^h^ >^;i] 
the instruments of the niggard 
(others: deceiver) are evil v. 7. 

nyS (from ^h^) only pi n^filr^S 
sledge-hammers, axp? Ps.74.6 


T • 



n0^3 (from 013) prop, a heap, 
hence: the Pleiades, a group of 
seven large stars closely clustered 
with smaller ones Am 5,8; Jb.9,9 
a. 38,31. 

D^3 w. purse, bag for money Is.46, 
6; Pr.1,14; also a bag used by 
merchants to curry their weights 
Deut.25,13, whence D^J ^;J5K Pr. 

T3 m. only du, D.^^TJ hearth, cook- 
ing-furnace Lev.11,35. 

^1r^3 m. distafr (others: spindle) 

nD3 (= rl3) adv. so, thus Ex.12,11; 

133 (from 113; c, 159; ^w- 03,15?; 
i)i. D^JJ, c. n.|? a. nil|9,' c. 
rtl?5) m. prop, a circle, hence: 
1) circuit, district, surroundings 
]TSS 13? the surroundings (Bng. 
Bible: the plain) of the Jordan 
Gen. 14,10.— 2) round loaf, cake 
0(3^ 13? a round loaf of bread 
£x.29,23.-- 3) round weight, tal- 
ent (=3,000 shekels) «lp5 1?? a 
talent of silver 2K.5,22; fTJ^y 1?? 
a talent of lead Zch.5,7. 

^3 (from h^^ ; - S| ; af, i^? , 1J^ , 
^^^.h °^? «•• once Dn^?'2S.23X 
f' \th nP,t?i once .1^0?? IK.7,37) 
prop, a n. the whole, * totality, 
hence ; IJ adj. all, whole ^befrro t 
noun with def. art^ or a noun 
in the construct state, or a noun 
with »/"., or a proper name) Df r."^^ 
all the people Gen. 19, 4; D]f~?§ 

n?'7 *11 ^^^ people of the land 
2K.11,18; lOg-^J all his people 
Ei.1,22; h^'y^\ h^ all Israel Deut. 
81,12; with 'af, *h^ he is alto- 
gether 5,16; n^? it 'is all Gen.13, 
10; T|^ thou art all Cant.4,7, etc.; 
n^^O «*' ^^3 thou Shalt not see 
the whole of it Num.2S,13j some- 
times wii h af after a noun i^? Dgn 
Is. 9, 8; Cn^? 1^9 fip? ^rj?? the 
wicked are all of thein as thorns 
thrust away 28.23,6; Dji; ^5?B"'?p 
D^l all the kings of the nations Is. 
14, 18; concretely: all ^y^^'^"" I 
have all Gen. 33, U; ^3 J^N irj?! 
but the poor man had nothing 2S.* 
12, 3t with def. art. ^3.1 aj all, 
everything Ex.29,24; ^JQ ^3.1 all is 
vanity Ec. 3, 11; after a negative: 
nothing %n nfU In*? K9 when 
he dieth ho shall carry nothing 
away Ps.49,18. h) all, every one 

933 ^■'i his hand against every one 
Gen.16,12.— ^; each, every,any -^J 
f*a every tree Gen. 2, 9; IJIjr^J ev- 
ery thing R. 4, 7; with a negative 
predicate: none, no ^"JnjKjp-^a 
nfe^y.! DO work shall be done* Ex. 
12,36— 3) adv. wholly, altogether 
DIK-*?! Tjn-S^ every man is al- 
together vanity Ps.39,6;"C?neV"'?? 
wholly as, wholly like as Ec.5,l6; 
I'V^J wholly so long as, all the 
while that Jb.27,3. 
73 Ch. (same as Heb.j 'h^; def. 

»^'h ^f']^^^9. f- in^i) i;aii, 

wholo «5^3'?D-S5 the whole king- 
dom Dan.6,4; KJCpi? 'tS all people 




T T 

5,19; ]*^tlf?^ they all 2,38; con- 
cretely: Hp) for all 4,9-- ^ 
every 2^^^"*? J every man 3,10.— 
3) adv. wholly, altogether 'h^ 
^JT'^Si? wholly for this cause 
Dan.2,12; ^T ^^i?"'?? wholly so, 
as 6,11 (see In S;};?). 
H^3 (akin to h\^ a. SSj ; p-ct. af. 

«^|: tmj). K^5 , 8f, DR^f, mf- «'^'?f 
prop, to contain, hence; 1) to re- 
tain, to stay, to prevent YIK^ 
n^U^. nK^5 the earth hath stayed 
her fruU Hag.1,10; with ]?: to 
be stayed *r^p D:P^ IK^J 
the heaven is stayed from dew ib.; 
with ]9 before a verb: to prevent 

from Klap njn D'.M '•jo^? n{?8 

• • • • 

D^P^? who hast prevented me 
this day from coming into blood 
guiltiness IS.25,33; with JP of 
the person: to withhold from ^v 
^i?P ^''Pni W^?0 withhold not 
thou thy tender mercies from me 

Ps.4042; K^^?*? nnj ID^^g^ DnK p« 

D^*in"nK there is no man that 
hath power over the spirit to 
retain the spirit Ec.8,8.— 2) to 
restrain, to prohibit DK!j3 pro- 
hibit them Num.11,28.— 3) to 
close, to shut up IJQJ K^Sj n^n 
niisen he was shut up in the court 
of the prison Jer.23,3; th) K75 
KX^f I am shut up, and I cannot 
come forth Ps. 88,9. (This verb 
takes also forms Irom ilS^, as: 

''O^^Sj ps.n9,ioi, nj??; Gen.23,6, 

>}0% 18,25,33 (for ^0><^|, nS?; , 

iVi^^fc. «!?5J l/t*«. «!;9'!) to be re- 
strained D:pyn-p OV^n r^SjM 
and the rain from heaven wag 
restrained Qen.8,2; D^n K^,$«J 
H^^HQ and the people were re« 
strained from bringing £x.36,6. 

H^3 (from «J?$; af, iK*?3,p^ D^H^^) 
i^ shutting up, confinement, prison 
^^9 i^^fl prison house 2K.17,4; pi. 
D'^it^vP ^{?^ prison houses Is 42,22; 
H^7 "^n^f iils prison garments 
Jer.52,33.— J?) separation, whence 
0I|8^?i which see. 

3t<^3 pr. n. son of David 2S.3,3 
= %'ili lChr.3,1. 

D^^^^2 du. prop, two different things, 

.,. . . 

two Icinds, hence specifically: 

diverse or mingled seeds Lev.l9, 

19j Deut.22,9. 

D^D i) to clap, to trap, whence 

2^h^— 2) to strike, to bark, 

whence ^.,3. 
•I • 

• • • 

dog Ex.1 1,7; of dogs watching 
flocks: ^;fc<V ^5^3 the dogs of my 
flock Jb.30,1; as a word of re- 
proach: ^^3 ^^"1 a dog's heart 
2K.3,8; njji^l a dead dog 9,8; 
of a male prostitute Deut.23,19: 
of enemies Ps.22,17. 
3^3 V^- ^- V companion of Joshua 
Num.13,6; pair. '♦3^| IS.25,3.— 
2) a person mentioned in iChr. 
2,18 = ''3^^3 V. 9.— 3] a place 
In Judab 15.30.14. 


nnisK :b2 

T T 

T T 

nmfiK 3^3 p^' «. »n unknown 

T T : V •• T 

place lGhr.2,24. 
n^3 (akin to kSj, SS5, S^3; /ut. 

n??: , ap. ^5;. ; tnf. rf^?) i; to be 
completed, finished iTjix'S^ h^{Q 
n»lD Sjk laif^tj and all the work 
of the tabernacle of the tent of 
the congregation was finished 
Ex.39,92; of time: to be ended, 
past Y)\i ^i^ tlie summer is ended 
Jcr.8,20; of prophecy: to be ac- 
complished, fulfilled ;";-i3T n*h^^ 

that the word of the Lord might 
be fulfilled Ezr.1,1; of an im- 
pending evil: to be prepared, to 
be determined '^$^ 7lh^ mine anger 
is prepared (i. e. ready to be 
poured out) Ez.5,13j vh^ H^'TJ 
^^90 HKS r^^'i'} the evil was 
determined against him by the 
king Est.7,7.— 2) to be spent, 
consumed (as food) tkh riDpn IJ 

- IV- 

n^^J the vessel of meal was not 
consumed lK.17,le5; 'V$ D^DH ^Syj 
^8n? And the water was spent 
in the bottle Oen.21,15,— 3) to 
oe consumed, destroyed, to perish 

'O'^b; VK ^7; ^!!^r»P I am con- 
sumed by the blow of thy hand 
Ps.39,11; TIBS5 ^J'«!?J we are con- 
sumed by thine anger 90,7; 3^3 
^^?: ^J?^J^ they shall be con- 
sumed (destroyed) by the sword 
and by the famine Jer. 16,4; hence: 
to waste, to pine away, to fail 
■^Ijlip ilir? hs] his flesh is wasted 
away, that it cannot be seen Jb. 

83,21 ; 'rS niy^lS ^^9 mine eyes do 
fail with tears Lam.2, 11; ^ri3 n^99 
when my strength faileth Ps.71,0; 
^PW^oij^B^'J^ ng^l my soul pineth 
away for thy salvation Ps. 110,8 1. 

Fi. n^9 (fvt. n^a:, ap. hs), 

1 8f. Th^ii Ex. 33, 3; imp. nfes ; 
^A n?.'a ,' once K^S Dan. 4, 24, 
n1^3< n'^S) i> to complete, to 
finish, to end D^^pp D^^^9 ikh S^ip 
wherefore have ye not finished 
your task? R.3,18; njfp n^JO ^^ 
"fVjpS T]*];^ thou Shalt not* finish 
reaping (.i. e. shalt not wholly 
reap) the corners of thy field 
Lev.19,95 CyteRD ^^3 complete 
your works £x.5,13; H.^JI hjV} 
beginning and finishing IS.3,12.— 

2) to leave off, to cease br\T\ 'ri^J 
n^9 Pl^'3^ he began at the eldest 
and left off at the youngest Gen. 
44,12; ISlS n^J ^^,^S as soon as 

• • • • 

he had left off speaking l8,33; 
in a causative sense: oris^ . JJ1 Tjill 
and thou shalt make their mur- 
muring to cease Num. 17,25.— 

3) to consume, to spend "H^DK. ^5fn 
D| I will spend my arrows upon 
them Deut.32,23; of anger Lam. 
4,11; of strength Is.49,4; of the 
eyes: to cause to fail HJD'jS "^f^V) 
n.y38 or have caused the eyes of 
the widow to fail Jb. 31,16.— 

4) to destroy D7p "'J^k mine enemy 
hath destroyed them Lam.2,22; 
DfliK D^i^S'iy unto the destroy- 
ing of them (until they be de- 
stroyed) 1S.15,18; i^^,S'^V unto 

V T 



destroying (till thou hadst de- 
stroyed us) 2K.13J9; Ezr.9J4. 

Pm. n^5 (fut. n^5^) to be com- 
• • • • • 

pleted, finished Gen.2,1. 
Tibs «&• pining, failing with long- 

V T 

ing (of the eye); only f. pi r\*i^^ 
n^3 f' 1) determination IS.20,33.— 
2) utter destruction nSf H^^^ to 
make an utter destruction (to 
destroy utterly) JevAfil etc.; with 

n(( Jer.5,18 and ? 30,11.— 3) as 


adv.: utterly, wholly, altogether 
njp DJOrj ^mi B^3| nj?! he shall 
thrust you out hence altogether 
Ex.1 1,1; in the same sense also 
nSjS 2Chr.l7,12. 

n^a (8f, in^a; pi, rf^a, fhs) f. v 

bride, spouse (prop, the crowned 
one, ftom h^'^) ls.62,5.— 2) daugh- 
ter-in-law R.1,7. 
ti^h^ (^rom Hh^\ same as t^h^) wi. 

prison K^*?30 H'^g the prison house 
Jer.37,4 {KUb K-^Sj). 

ybS (^rom ^^|) *»• ^>^ cage (for 
birds) Jer.5,27.— 2) basket a^Sj 
^.^j^ a basket of summer fruit 
Am.8,1.— 3) pr, n, w. of two 
persons lChr.4,11; 27,26. 

^5^^3 see nSj J2. 

\n^^3 pr. n. m. Ezr.10,35 (ffW V\\hy), 

n1^^^2 (from *?^5) i?2. f. bridal 

state, espousals Jer.2,2. 
n^D to be complete, full, ripe. 
n^3 I. m. full age, old age ^^n 

1Jjr\*j(J nSjJ thou Shalt come to 

thy grave in a full age Jb.5,26; 
n!?5 n3>f to''!?J? to them old age 
perisheth (i. e. over them old 
age passeth fruitlessly) 80,2. 

PIT'S 11. pr, n. a city in Assyria 

Gen.lO,l,prob. = PlijCI , which see. 

^2 , " ^^^ (from •?« , S^J to con- 
tain; sf. T]:"?^ ; pi. B^^S , c. t^ , 
«/•. ^iS, V^S, 015'!??) 1) vessel, 
Utensil B^^r)"* v? earthen vessel 

Lev.6,21; ^.Tl^i ^^^5 the vessels 

• • • 

of the house of the Lord Ezr.1,7. 
QijiB^ D^^SP n^Ss the vessels be- 
ing diverse one from the other 
Est. 1,7; nn( '^^^ vessels of gold, 
lb.; sometimes pleonastically, as: 
E3\^f^f!} ^!i9 the vessels of flagons, 
i. e. flagons Is.22,24.— 2) vessel 
for sailing, a boat KOr^^^ ves- 
sels (boats) of bulrushes Is. 18,2. — 
3) Implement, instrument, tool 
•^i^j^— ^sj instruments of music 
2Chr.34,'l2; pleonastically: h^P^^ 
a harp-instrument Ps.71,22; fig. of 
the divine wrath iDfit '•S^J^ 1) the 
Lord and the instruments of 
his indignation Is. 13, 5; of the 
means and devices of evil- 
doers: D""?"; vSs ^hs the instru- 
ments of the deceiver are evil 
Is.32,7. — 4) weapons, arms ^^5 
•^5079 weapons of war Jud.l8,ll$ 
poet, ri3P"\i9 implements of death, 
i. e. deadly weapons Ps.744; H)ffi 
Dv9 armor-bearer, aide-de-camp 
lS.16,21j D\^5 n^3 house of arms, 
armory (arsenal) Is. 39, 2.— 6) 
equipment, dress, garments "^^^ 




^^) a man's garment D6ut.22,5; 
•775 nnpn n^33 as a bride adorn- 
eth kerself with her bridal gar- 
ments Is.61,10; hence D^7S the 
haggage of a person IS. 17,22; 
D^^SO *1B^B^ the keeper of the 
baggage, the baggage master lb. 
*^3 see ''S^? . 

X^^3 KUb for W^Sj , which see. 

• ■ ■ 

rvhS (only pi. ri^J? , c. ni"''??) f. 

T * • . * 

rein, kidney ri^J?33 ^^f the two 
kidneys Ex.29,135 D'^'BH^^b? ^^G 
the fat of the kidneys of rams 
Is.34,6; fig. H^fl ni'^^? :i^.n the fat 
of the kidneys of wheat Deut. 
32,14; frequently of the inward 
of man, the mind, soul, as the 
seat of affections and passions: 
D^J rf^^l in3 he (God) trieth the 
reins (i. e. the inward) and the 
heart Jer. 11,20; ''0^"'/? ^f^VJH my 
reins shall rejoice 'Pr.23,1 6; \h^ 
^pi'»b5 my reins (i. e. my soul) 
pine away Jb.l9,27j '^O'^^b? '•p^^K 
my reins admonish me Ps.16,7. 
]r^3 (from n^J; c. 11^^?) m. 1) 

destruction Hj^n? ^9\» ^^J} 1^^^? 
destruction is decreed, It shall 
overflow with righteousness Is. 
10,22.— 2) pining, failing X^^)^ 
QirS a pining of the eyes Deut. 


rl^t^S l>r. n. wi. R.1,2. 

b^hS (c. S^i??) adj. 1) complete, 

perfect '»^^^3 ><^n '^'b? it was 
perfect through my splendor Ez. 
16,14; ^P'* S^i?? perfect in beauty 

28,12.— 2) whole, entire n^J 
^J?3P ^'^l?? a cloth wholly of blue 
Num.4,6;a8 a n.;*1^yn"S^^5the whole 
of the city Jud.20,40 (Eng. Bible: 
the flame of the city); T^^ n^ijf 
an entire burnt offering IS.7,9; 
as a n. S^/JlH^ly burnt-offering 
and whole burnt-offering P8.5], 
21; as adv. wholly, utterly T75 
l^p.^ it shall be wholly burnt 
LevXl5; 8J^ril^'»^?D^S^!^*$n3 and 

the idols he shall utterly abolish 

73^3 V^' »*• a wise man before the 

age of Solomon IK.5,11; lGhr.2,6. 

^53 (akin to KJJ , nSj) prop, to 

comprise, to complete, hence: to 
make perfect ^JgJ "H^^ they have 
perfected thy beauty Ez.27,4 a. 11. 

^^3 Ch. to complete.— iS7iap/i.'?Ij56^ 

«* • * 

{inf. T^y^) to complete, to finish 
Ezr.5,11.— lahtaph. SSjnC^K to be 
finished, completed Ezr.4,13. 

^^3 pr. n. m. Ezr.10,30. 

£3^3 (Ar. th^ to wound; KaL not 



Niph. d!??^ (rut. d!;^: ; pt. dS5j ; 

inf. Dl^JH) to be ashamed, to be 
confounded ^D^2:3 ling UDJ let 
them be driven backward and be 
confounded Ps.40,15; ^cSanntTla 
QfJ''3T39 be confounded and a- 
shamed of your own ways Ez. 

36,32; D-'p^pjn D»n ajio: *il?8a 

as people being ashamed steal 
away 2S.19,4; hence also: to hide 

for Shane C*Q\rsy^ C^3»? •^ I 
should she not be in coDceal- 
meot for shame seTen days? 

ITi^. C^?l a. C^TH (/irf. C^2 ; 
jrf. C^:?C : inf, C^Tlj i; to re- 
proach, to revile, to insult IS. 
290^^4: JbJD.S.'- J?y to hurt, to 
injure C^^.rn K? we hurt them 
not IS.25,7; Sjl C^^T^^K there 
was none that might injure them 
in any thing Jud.lS,?.— S) to 
shame, to put to shame TTSU] 

T»55 C^Tl C^^ he that is a 
companion of gluttons shameth 
his father Pr25,7; I^S^t*?© rin Jt 
thou hast cast us off, and put us 
to shame Ps.44,10;D'j?B VVt] :sb^ 
when thou meekest, do one shameth 

thee Jb.11,3; TI?:i TiniK D''^553 

• • • • 

when thy neighbor hath put thee 
to shame Pr.25,8. 

Hoph C^5n i; to be hurt, in- 
jured n^iKtj ^^Tpjf^h] up!??n nh) 

we were not hurt, neither missed 
we anythiug lS.25,15.^ 2) to be 
ashamed, disappointed ^D79ni \^2 
they were confounded and ashamed 

lD/3 P*- ^' an unknown city which 

■* • • 

traded with Tyre Ez.27^. 
ntsbS (from Db5; e. n©b? , «f. 

• • • • • 

••np?? ; pi. n*Q7?) f. reproacli, 
shame Jer 51,51; Is.30,3 a. 50,6; 
Jb.20,3; poet. Hf^J tt^J^ to be 
clothed with shame, i. e to be 
wholly covered with it Ps.100,29. I 

mS^2 (= ^^$) f- npnMch, shame 

• • • • 


7X773 pr. iL & eicy in Babylonia 

Gen. 10,10 = rU^S AnL6,2 a. i:^3 
!s.l0.9 (ace. some of the older 
interpreters CtesrpAon, situated 
on tlie eastern bank of the Tigris). 

S]^^ to clap, to strike, whence 

rOS to pine, to long for vfp ng^ 

^'y^2 my flesh longeth for thee 

nSD see under H^. 

DTTOa l>r. n. m. 28.19,38; Jer.41,17 

(i^fA DTpC?) = :nc? 2S.19,41. 
1C2) (particle ^ with prefix 3; 

also with personal LUflixes, in 
which case ^D| before light suf- 
fixes: ^ j^C| as 1 am, ?]^C^ as thou 
art, V1^5 as he is, nlDJ , l^iJp J , 
D^^|) , DH^C?) adv, a. |»rvp. thus, 
so. as, like' ID? nneCK I will 
speak thus Ps.73,15; ]^K iD^ as 
a stone Ex.15,5; H^g 103 'like 
these Jb.12,3; *?8*^te? nngg f^^g 
a land of darkness like darkness 
itself Jb.10,22; when repeated: 
as... so DQId? Tj^D^ as thon, so 
they Jud.8,18; also inverted: so... 
as ?liDp *>Jto| so I, as thou IK 

12^103 P*"- ^' Chemosh, national deity 

of the Moabites IK.11,7, hence 
trlQ^ WS people of Chemosh, 1. e. 
the Moabites Num.21,20. 
tO^ to conglobulate, whence ttp^ . 




1p2 V ^ l&y up, to hide away, 
whence \QyQ treasure.— 2) to 
season, to proserve (in Syr.). 

pS (from p3 2) m. cumin Is.28,25. 

DD2 to lay up, to hide away; only 
pt. p. D2p^ laid up Deut.32,34. 

^3 I- to grow warm, to burn (JToZ 
not used). 

Niph. ^Q^j prop, to be warmed, 
hence! 1) fig, to be moved, kindled 
VrjK-^^K Vipqi np3i his affection 
toward his brother was kindled 
Qen.43,30; with SjJ IK.3,26.— 2; to 
be burnt, to be black I^Jn? UtliS? 
^^D3j our skin was black like an 
oven Lam.5,10. 

n03 n. to plait, to interweave, 
whence ri*;p7Q net. 

TD3 or 18? (only pi D^ipj , 8f. 

1^59?) ***• priest^ idol-priest (prop, 
one who goes about in black, 
from IBJ I.) 2K.23,5; Hos.10,5. 

Onnpa (from IBJ I.) pi. m. black- 

ness, obscuration; only once c. 
Di> ^•:i>-)t?5 Pp83; let the black- 
ness of the day terrify it Jb.3,5. 
(Some interpreters take this word 
to be D^TI? 'bitterness' with the 
prefix D). 

|3 h C]5 ; akin to "? , rl3) adv. so, 

thub p \n.'«J end it was so Gen. 
1,7; Q'iJiQ nnK ?i5g?^D ja so is thy 
judgment, thou hast thyself de- 
cided IK.20,40; |5 Ua« ^tpy my 
people love it thus (i. e. love to 
have it so) Jer.5,3r, "^Jig \;}'Hh 

n^V it is not 80 with me Jb.9,3&; 
in reference to quality: such kS 
DM^tS 'Xa ]3 ><? there came no 
such almug-trees IK. 10, 12; In 
reference to number: so much, so 
many ]3 DgS ixyp tkh) but they 
found not for them so many Jud. 
21,14; ]3 M.?, la ••• IB^BS as..., so: 
]W*1^. ta D^?^5?? *^ horsemen, so 
shall they run Jo.2,4; -1CI§ *1^Ka 
T^JJ 15 ^^!? as ^^ interpreted to 
us, so it was Gen.41,i3; as soon 

as.., so soon: ]a l^yn 038^9 
. • • • • • 

in« ]^KVW as soon as ye be come 
into the city, so soon ye shall 
find him lS.g,13; sometimes 2 is 
. omitted: n^r) ]a ^K^ nt^r\ as they 
saw, so they were astonished (i. e. 
as soon as they saw) Ps.48,6.— 
Connected with prepositions: 
a> ]a? BO, in this manner ]a^^ 
n^BH-^B H^2^ and so will I go 
unto the king Est.4,16. b) ]a^ 
therefore ])^ J^^"*?? p^ therefore 
whosoever slayeth Cain Qen.4,i5. 

c) ]Sr'^V, (same as ];h) therefore 
Gen.2,24; 10,9, etc.; ace. Ges. in 
some passages: because Ps.45,3. 

d) ]3 ing , ]a '•nq« after that, 
thereafter, afterwards, e) jgng 
hitherto, until now Neh.2,16. 
f) |3 Id? in like manner (others; 
like gnats, see ]a IV.) Is. 51, 6. 

]3 II. (from ]^3 ; pi. D^ja) adj. right, 
upright, honest ^Jnig D'^ja we are 
upright men Gen.42,11; with neg- 
ative ]a kS not right, wrong 2K. 
17,9; hence: empty, vain JJ «S 




1^13 his lies are vain 18.16,6} 'lib 
]3 Pr.l5,7 ace. Stb.: untruth; as 
adv. rightly, well n^SI ]3 thou 
hast spoken rightly Num. 27, 7; 
D^^y ^^WK ]3"«^ we do not well 

13 111. (sf. ^45) m. foot, base, ped- 
estal ^irnK.\ ni^jn-i^S the laver 
and its foot ' Ex.30,28; p."n'{?8D 
the work of a base, like a ped- 
estal iK.7,31; qn?"]?. vp] *?a 

they cannot strengthen the base 
(1. e. the socket) of their mast 
Is.33,23 (Eng. Bible: they could 
not well strengthen their mast, 
taking JJ as adv.). — 2) place, 
station, office ^iS'^V ^VVifl and 
he will restore thee unto thy 
place Qen.40,13; 'i3"^S "^SV? and 
there shall rise up in his place 
(1. e. in his stead) Dan.ll,20; IBV] 

branch of her shoots shall [one] 
stand up [in] his place v. 7. 

12 IV. an assumed singular to D^J9i 
but see 7]^^. 

P Ch. (same as Heb.) adv, so, thus 

'•• Dan. 2, 24. 

na? (from laj) /•.plant,shootP8.80,16. 

T\i3 to distinguish by name (Kal 


not used). 
Pi. .14? {fut. naa^) 1) to name 

• • • 

with honor, to surname C^^^ 

t^i3\ b\<^V] and he will surname 
• • • • 

himself by the name of Israel Is. 
U,5; ^:nS?T. «S\ T1I38 1 have sur- 
named tbeo, though tbou hast not 
known me 45,4. — 2) to give flat- 

tering titles, to flatter OnK'S^ 
n.|3B K^ to no man will I give 
flattering titles Jb.32,21; "^WDrK*? 
n|3K I know not to flatter v. 22. 

niS pr. n. a city, probably the 
same asHj^S (which see) Ez.27,23. 

n33 f' gnat, stinging fly (ace. 

Jewish interpreters: louse); only 
pi, n>i^ Ex.8,14; Ps.10531. 

ni33 see n^J. 

tt: ^* 

^133 ipi' cn^^? 1 n^*i^^?) w». harp 

Gen.4,21; Kz.26,13; Ps.137,2. 
V1^33 pr. n. see ^jnij . 

it: T » ▼ . 

D|3 (= n|5) f. coU. gnats (or lice) 

K033 Ch. adv. 80, thus, after this 

manner dnfp Hj'jStS HDi^ we said 

unto them after this manner 

]33 (= 1^3) to set, to place. 

^333 P*"- w. w. Nah.9,4. 

n*J33 see inyj? . 

V^^333 iw-. n. w. lChr.15,22 = nyjj 
v! 27. 

in^333 l>r. n. w. 2Chr.31,12 (mib 


DJ3 (.pt. DJ3 ; mf. DiJ?) 1) to col- 

lect, to heap up (stones, trea- 
surers) Ec.3,5; 2,8.— 2) to gathei 
together, to assemble (persons) 

PL Di9 {fut. DA3p to collect, to 
gather together DQ^'JK-Sjt D^J^pJJI 
but I will irather them unto their 


own land Ez.39,28;D^y. 'rK^^VniJ 
he gttthereth together the out- 
casts of Israel Ps.147,2. 

EUhp, D.43nri to hide oneself, 
to wrap oneself DjgO'79 *^y( ^^S/SD 
the covering is narrower than 
that he can wrap himself in it 

J^33 to bend, to bend down, to be 

low (Kal not used). 

Niph. WW (fut. w$: i mf, y,;^n) 

prop, to be bent, hence: 1) to be 
humbled, subdued, subjected (with 

n: noo or ^aep) on; noe ^ jr ; 5 ; j 

and they were subdued under 
their hand Ps.106,42; V.? ^^ J?!J 
%"^V) ""ii '•JW l^Sl? and the chJl- 
dren of Ammon were subdued 
before the children of Israel Jud. 
11,33.— 2) to humble oneself, to 

submit ^ny? °??!^ ^J|' T^^ i^ 
then their uncircumcised heart 
be humbled Lev.2Ml} with ^JpS 
2Chr.34,275 ^ATO IK.21,29. 

Htph. r,Wn (fut Ti^l , ap, Viyj 
to bow down, to humble, to sub- 
due rj?B Dn>5:i« tSfip? in a 
• • • . 

little while would 1 subdue their 
enemies Ps 81, 15; T\^T^^ HfiT 
^ny^jpn look on every proud one, 
and bow him down Jb. 40, 12; 
DJ^ ^^^9 WKland he humbled 
with trouble their heart Ps.l07, 
12; r'lJpB D**:!? ]W thou Shalt 
subdue (suppress) the tumult of 
tbe strangers Is.25,5. 
n»33 (from WJ to bend; af, ^QV:^) 
prop, something bound or folded, 



hence: bundle, travelling-bundle 
?!<??» r5»P 'W*J taJce up thy 
bundle from the ground, i. e. to 
go into captivity Jer.10,17 (Eng. 
Bible: gather up thy wares out 
of the land). 

]VJ2 pr. n. 1) Canaan, son of Ham 

and progenitor of the Canaanites 
Qen.9,18.— 2) the land of the 
Canaanites Ex. 15,12, fully ^"5 
ll?,ij Gen.13,12 etc. (prop, 'low- 
land', from Vj^, as opposed to DpiJt 
which signifies 'highland'). In a 
more confined sense: Phenicia, a 
part of the Palestinian coast to 
which Tyre and Sidon belonged 
Is.23,11; ]V^1^ was also the name 
of Philistia'Zph.2,5; JJiJ ngip the 
language of Canaan, designation 
of the Hebrew tongue which was 
spol^en by the Canaanites and 
Hebrews I8.19,18.— 3) a Cana« 
anite, a Phenician (='*jyjp , which 
see below) in the sense of mer« 

chant: ng-JP 'H^^ ^■^;? 18J? liko 
a merchant, in whose hands are 
the balances of deceit Hos.12,8; 
]Vi^CV Zph.1,11 the merchant 
people; pi sf. •J'jJ^iJ her mer- 
chants Is.28,8. 

n3r33 P^' w. m. of two persons 
lChr.7,10; IK.22,11. 

^J»J2 (pl- D''igJ?) gent. tn. 1) a Ca- 
naanile, a Phenician Gen. 38,2; 
Ob.20; ^^Ki^O frequently as a col- 
lective: the Canaanites Gen. 24,3} 
Jud. 1,1, etc.; f. iT^^yj? Gen.46,10j 




Ex.6,15.— 2) merchant, trafficker 
Pr.31,24; Jb.40,30. 

W3 to cover, to protect.— N^. 
^5i to cover or hide oneself "^tSi 
^>^^0 TJ^ IJ5I no longer shall 
thy leacherb hide themselves is. 

Ill (c. '^ , if. ^JJ? ; *«., also as 

Dp^JPfS; pi. n^fii?, c. rffija) f. 

(rarely m.) i; wing (iu. Pr,6J?j 
rjji rjly bird of a wing, winged 
animal Oen.1,21; IJI'*^? every 
winged animai Gen.7,U; 2n|ri r|j^ 
the wing of the Cherub IK. 6,27; 
nji^ ^R^S the wings of a dove Ps. 
68,14; ^oc<. ^^5 ^SS Pr.1,17 or *7ra 
D^.Sj? Ec.i0,20 the possessor of 
wings, i. e. a bird; fig, hv « VJ 
Q^V'SiS he flittPd by upon the 
wines "of the wind Ps.18,11; "''fiwS 
^0^ the wings of the morning 
Ps 139,0; frequently as figure of 

protection: ^iT'JPQ ^'W? ^3?? ^^^^ 
me under the shadow of thy 
wings Ps.17,8; 7\>^)^ 1ipB9 HCq^ 
let me shelter under the covert 
of thy wings 6l,5j of the defiled 
temple: CV??^ ^? ^^^ shelter of 
abominations Dan.9,27; poet, wing 
of an army -«'rtj VJ}? nitai? n;il] 
T|Y*1K ^ni and the stretching out 
of ills wings, i. e. armies, shall 
fill the breadth of thy land Is.8, 
8; in this sense also ace. Ges. Is. 
18,1: D^.543 htit ni? '^6 land of 
the whirring of wings, 1. e. of the 
clangor of armies (see also un- 

der Sv^V) .— 2) skirt, corner of 
an upper garment /^V90 ^^9 the 
skirt of the robe IS.24,4; yaiS"*?? 
?]0^D5 D^SjS upon the four cor- 
ners of thy VbSture Deut.22,12.— 

3) upper garment, covering ^p'^iprjli 
n^n; B^^K su?5 they shall take 
hold of the upper garment of a 
Jew Zch.8,23; fig. of sexual con- 
nection: ^8 f\^ kS^l( to spread 
one's covering over, i. e. to re- 
ceive a woman to one's bed £z. 
16,8; R.3,9; • • • >P| n^4 to remove 
the covering of one, !• e. to vio- 
late one's bed Deut.23,1; 27,20.— 

4) of the earth or of a land: bor- 
der, corner, end (^^{?n S]i5 thp 
border of the earth Is.24,16; y^y^ 
riSO n^SJS the four corners of 
the earth 18.11,12. 

^33 to hollow out, whence "llJJ). 

rni3 D6ut.3,17 (A n^,!? Jo8.19,35; 
also nni5 Jos. 11, 2 a. rflj? IK. 
15,20) pr. n. Chinnereth, " Chin- 
neroth a city in Naphtali, situ 
ated on the lake of Gailee, which 
is thence called r)l|J pj Num. 
34,11, or rt1i5 D; Jos.12,3, later 
"ICPJ, IB^^J On the Targ. and 
Mishna), from which in the New 
Testament Grennesard* The Gall- 
lean Sea is named in the Talmud 
nnse ^5^ «?:: (Sea of Tiberias); 
its present name is esh-Shuweir. 

^i2 Ch. to gather togibther, to as- 
semble Dan.3,2 (= Heb. DJJ). 

Ithp. K^ASO^ to be gathered to- 
gether, assembled Dan 3,3. 

T •. 



r\22 (from n^J; pi. ^^i?» comp. 
rji? a. ri^^fj) f. prop, title, office, 
fellowship in office, whence con- 
cretely; fellow-officer, companion, 
associate,' only pi. sf. Ipij^ Ezr.4,7. 

DjS Cb. (fame as Heb.) f. com- 
panion, aseooiate; pi af. I^nojjip 

D3 (= ^99) ♦». throne 03"^$ ni'^J 
n^ for the hand is upon the throne 
of the Lord (1. e. the Lord hath 
sworn by his throne) Ex.17,16; 
Oes and others suggest the read- 
ing Oi (standard, banner), which 
suits the context very well in 
y\e% of the altar-name ''P^ i^ in 
the preceding verse. 

«D3 1) (= np|) to cover.— 2) to 
appoint, to fix. 

KD3 1 '"^.QS *^- full moon (acc» Aben 
Ezra: new moon), festival D^^ 
^^SD the day of the full moon 
Pr.7,20 (Ab. Ezra: feast-day of 
the new moon; Eng. Biblo: the 
day appointed); M^!} Di^^ ngja 
at the full moon, on our solemn 
feast-day P8.81,4. 

KB3 (Jb.26,9 a. IK.10,19 ngj; sf. 

•• • 

^W? for ^K9? , TJKP? for T]8W , 
etc.; pi. n^kp? for rfK55 ,'"»/". 
Dp^^(Q?) m. seat, chair, stool 
^P?l Vp.^ A table and a chair 
2K.4,10; of the seat of the high 
priest IS. 1,9; of the tribunal of 
a judge: D^^pS D^^(p^ the seats 
of judgment Ps.122,5; in connec- 
tion with J^tngs or kingdoms: 


throne ^Hpl^pD ^(p9 the throne of 

his kingdom' 2S.7,13; n^J^ D^t^pj 

• « 

115 thrones of the house of David 
P8.122,5; fig. the throne of God 
Jer.3,17, Ps.11,4, etc., also called 
ni^f H{?? the throne of glory Jar. 

^1D2 Ch. a Chaldean Ezr. b, 12 
-I - 

(= n|^3 , which see). 
*1D3 (only pi. njb a,, pi. p. ^^DJ, 

c. ^^D9) to cover, to conceal D^^ 
DV^ n^S D^*1)? a prudent man 
concealeth knowledge Pr. 12, 23; 
HK^n ^^D9 whose sin is covered 

Niph. nijpi iinf. ntoJH) to be 
covered Jer.51,42; Ez.24,8. 

Pi. np? (fut neS;, ap.02]',pt 
npDD J inf. n^D3) 1) to cov«^r, with 
accus. n\j^ nripp she had covered 
her face* Gen.38,15; D; iDlfJ the 
sea covered them Ex. 15,10; fig. of 
shame Jer.51,51; of horror Ez.7,18, 
with ^V : rign DH^^r Djni the 

• • T T • , , 

earth covered them Nuhl 16,33; 

Dn^J?8 ngDH nsil and the worms 

shall cover them; with -8: for 

Dinn-nX Vhv ^n^JJ? I covered the 
• • • • 

deep for him Ez.31,15; with 3 of 
the covering: HJ^pB^a ^HpS^l she 
covered him with a mantle Jud. 
4,18; "Ijy? ^HDJ? and he shall 
cover it with earth Lev.17,13; 
n.lgbv? ^yhv DDniand thou hast 
covered us with the shadow of 
death Ps.44,20; sometimes with 
the omission of 2 : n;.| njJS Di'ir] 
and hath covered the naked with 





a garment Ez.l8,ie; ^?^9 nK3K3 
and I covered the with silk 16,10; 
iiTQ? C^U^S D^iri thou coveredst 
it with the deep as with a gar- 
ment P8.104,6.— ^) ^0 cover, to 
hiJe, to conceal DT HgJ to con- 
ceal the blood of one Icilled Qen. 
37,2e; ^^^e? ^"^ ^J*^?. mine iniquity 
have I not hid Ps.'32,5; with hv : 

''i^a? npsn D7B^e"'rj ^J love 

covereth all sins 'pr.10,12; -«Sl 

v^y npSn'K^I SbnO neither shalt 

thou spare, nor shalt thou con- 

ceal him Deut.13,9; with D: to 

hide from, to keep secret Qen. 

18,17.— 3) to cover, to veil ^J^ 

nP3? n''{J?W he veileth the faces 
• « • • • 

of their Judges, i. e. he makes 
them blind Jb.9,24 (Stb.: ...^9 Hp? 
to forgive).— 4) to cover, to en- 
close, to 3urround^53ip D^.D'n}???^ 
the abundance of water which 
covereth (surroundeth) thee Jb. 
22,11; similarly: TJBSfl D"'^0^ r\VSi^ 
the multitude of camels shall 
cover thee Is.60,6.— 5) fig. to 
cover, to overwhelm (of shame, 
terror) ^:^Jg np^p HipW shame 
hath covered our faces Jer.51,51 

(comp. Ps.44,i6);n^v^e D5^« nnp?^ 

and terror shall cover them Ez. 
7^18— 6) irdr. to cover oneself, 
with 3 : *l^?y3 DDHl and she cov- 
ered herself with a veil Gen. 28, 
14; nS riQSn ^VH, wherewith thou 
coverest thyself Deut.22,12; with 
accus.: p^ D311 he covered him- 
self with sackcloth Jon.3,6; with 
h\} : to seek cover with \n^p? Tj''^^ 

with thee do 1 seek cover Pa 
143,9 (Eng. Bible: I flee unto thee 
to hide me). 

Pu. ng? a. n(j| (fut. np3; ; pt. 

np^lp) to be covered, wrapi ^D?y 
D^^nrj and the mountains were 
covered Gen.7,20; with 3 of the 
covering: D^i?^3 D^9?9 wrapt in 
sackcloth lChr.21,16;'' "iD?^ TJ^nS 
np3^. his name shall be covered 
with darkness £c.6,4; also with 
accu8.:Tfl*$ D^^g ^DJ the hills were 
covered with the shadow of U 

Hithp. npsTO {fut. nMr: , ap. 

MOI; pt. n^S/jtJ) to cover or 
clothe oneself, with 3 of the 
covering: nf ntl ^^bV^ npa^t? 
he had clad himself wiih a new 
garment IK.11,29; p^S D30;i and 
he covered himself with sack- 
cloth 2K.19,1; with aceua.: ^B^Pl] 
D^j^^ and let them be covered 
with sackcloth Jon.3,8. 

nOS see WDJ . 

VI V *'^ 

nD3 see Npp . 

•• • 

^^D3 (c. ^^D5) m. covering Num 4,6. 

T • 

n^D3 f' covering, raiment rnD5 Tg 

• • • 

nj|j3 without any covering In 
the cold Jb.24,7; H^^D? her rai- 
ment Bx.21,10; n^Dj Tjj-wn ni|n 

?inw 1^8. *?bS DOT. behold this 
(the thousand pieces of silver) is 
for thee aooveringof the eyes (i. e. 
an indemnity; others: a protection 
from calumny) before all that 
are with thee GeD.20,16. See nj^ . 

- T 



- T 

to cut off 18.33,12. P8.80,17. 
tJ^DS (from Sd5 ; pi. D'»*?''p5) m. Jf; 

• • • • 

prop, thick one, hence; fool Ps. 
92,7} Pr.10,1, etc.; TjHt TJ^^nS ^T'^PSH 
the fool walkelh in darkness £c. 
2,14.— 2) prop, strong one, giant, 
hence'.the constel latlon Orion (con- 
ceived of by the ancients as a 
giant bound upon the sky) Am. 
5,8; Jb.9,9, etc.; DOM ^^P? ni3?^iD 
canst thou loose the bands of 
the Orion ? Jb.38,31; pi. constella- 
tions generally: D^SfO ^3?i3 
DH^^/pJ^ the stars of heaven and 
the constellations thereof Is.l3, 
10.— 3) pr, n. a place in Judah 

ffi^^DS f' folly n^S^p^ nt^, a fool- 
ish woman Pr.9,13. 

^;D3 iM' ^y^ ^) to t® fleshy, 
thick, whence *?5J^ i, ^fjj 3 and 
S^p;) i.~ 2) to be strong, firm, 
whence h^^ 2, S"»p|)^and rh^'^^l.^ 
3) to be stupid, foolishnfij: hng}^ 
^^P?!? they are altogether brutish 
and foolish Jer.103- 

^D3 w. 1) loin, flank ^^Y^b)i. np^e 
fatness upon the loins Jb.15,27; 
pi. D\Sp5 Le v.3,4; af, ^SpJ Ps.38,8.— 
2) hope, confidence ^Ht ^;j5fe^"DK 
^Sp? if I have made gold my 

hope Jb.3l,24; D^P? D'?*^«5 ^O'^?;] 
that they may place in God their 
hope Ps.78,7; TJ^W ^:j}\ V: the 
Lord shall be thy confidence Pr. 
3,26.- 5) folly ^B3 Ptf^ the 

wickedness of folly Ec.7,25; HJ 

Stil 'riJJ DJ'^n this their way is 

their folly Ps. 49,14. 

n^DS isf. ?|0Sp5) f. i; confidence, 
Y • • • • • • 

hope Jb.4,6.— 2) folly Ps.85,9. 

*17D3 the ninth month of the Hebrew 

•• • • 

year (December-January) Zch.7,1: 

]1^D3 V' ^' A place in Judah Jos. 

]1^p3 Pf. w. m. Num.34,21. 

ni^D3 P**' »• a place in Issachar 
JosA9,18; prob. = ni^-rf^pj , 
which see. 

^l3ri"rfl7D3 pr. n. a city In Zeb- 

ulun at mount Tabor Jo8.19,12; 
merely "l^DTI lGhr.6,62; see also 

ni^P5 . 

D^n?D3 V' **• a people sprung 
from the Egyptians Gen,l0,14. 

DD3 (M- DW? 5 «nf. iD$) to shear, 
to crop Dl^'^tgW^ nK ^Dp;: D^DJ 
they shall only crop their heads 

Pi. Dp*?? (= Dp? with Inserted >, 
fvt. Dp^S?) to cut off, to gnaw 
UCP 1Vn'^3BP1J5 the boar out 
of the wood doth gnaw at it Ps* 

nODS /". a species of grain, spelt 
Ex.9,32; pi. D^lJpJ Ez.4,9. 

DD3 iM' DD;, 3|>l! ^D:j;) to num- 
ber, to reckon ^C53<3 *hy^ ^?^ B^^<J 
nj?D"^8 every man according to 
his eating shall ye reckon lor 
the lamb Ex.12,4. 




f]D3 (A**, ^to?!) to long after, to 
have a desire, to be eager ^.\'^^(p 
p[iq|p ^^D7! as a lion is eager to 
tear his preyP8.17,12;?|nV!?^Db 
fp}^ thou wilt have a desire to 
the work of thy hands Jb.l4,l5.— 
2) to be languishing, to be pale 
(Kal not used in this sense). 

1) to turn p^le, to be ashamed 
C]p3j t^S ^i^n nation not ashamed 
Zpb.2,1 (Kng. Bible: nation not 
desired).— 2) to long for, to de- 
sire, with h : n^i? nn5B?J «lfa?J 

?]^pX thou greatly longedst for 
thy father's house Gen. 31, 30; 

i1 niivnS*'^?^PJ nspD^ my soul 

• « • ■ • • • • 

longeth... for the courts of the 
Lord Ps.84,3. 

1) silver (so called from its pale 
color, see f\Q^ 2) Num. 22, 18} 
•^jO^'v? articles of silver Gen. 
24,53; ^5J ^i<.?^ shekel of silver 
23,15; often with the word Sj5^ 
omitted, as B]Q3 t^}^ a thousand 
[shekels] of silver Gen.20,16.— 

2) money Ps.15,5; pi af. nHlV 
Q'TSP3 the bundles of their money 

r]D3 Ch. (same as Heb.) 1) silver 
Dan. 2,35.— 2) money Ezr.7,17. 

S^fiCS P^' «. a place on the way 
between Babylonia and Jerusalem 

T\D3 (from npj) f. pillow, cushion; 

only pZ. ninp? Kz. 13, 18; «/ 

n^a^O^np? V. 20. 

bVS Is.59,18 see under h^ . 

W2 Ch. adv. now, at this time Dan. 

2,23} J5?3"nj; until now, to this 

time Ezr.5,16. 
nWS Ch. adv. 80, thus njs;?^ and 

80 forth Ezr.4,10} 7,12; contracted 
AW^ 4,17. 

D»3 ifut. DJ??: ; mf. Diy?) to be 

angry Ez 16,42; Neh.3,33; with ^^, 
to be angry with 2Chr.l6,'lO. 

Pi DV? to provoke, to irrJUt'j 
Deui.32,21; IS.1,6. 

Hiph. D"??:! {fut. D^yj!, ap. 
O.VP:j pt D^JD; m^. D^Vjh) 1) to 
excite, to provoke D«t};P5? ^3^D»?n 

• • • 

they have provoked me with their 

graven images Jer.8,19;|K>e^. D'^VPil 


D'^I^IPQ to provoke bitterly Hos. 
12,15.— 2) to vex, to grieve Ez. 
32,9; DSS D^'V?? to cause vexa- 
tion IK. 15,30; 21,22. 
Di;3 m. 1) vexation, grief IS.1,16; 

Eel, 18.— 2) wrath, anger, pro- 
vocation Pr.27,3; Deut.32,27; DgJ 
Dj^'lp^ their provoking sacriftc>« 
Ez.20,28; D5?JJ D^;np Dg^K a quar 
relsome and angry woman Pr 
21,19; pi. D^py| provocations 2K 
\ffS3 *»• the same as D^g Jb.5,2; 6,2. 

«]3 (from «1S J ; sf. ^p3 , 1fi3 ; d«. 

rtB2) f. i; the hollow of the hand, 
the palm, wrist Lev.14,15: hence 




a handful VDD't\2 xSq a handful 

• • • 

of meal 1K.I7,12; 8ometime8=T 
hand: n§rnK QiVpj. and thou 
Shalt cut off her hand Deut.25,12; 

with njn, Kpip, ypr) to clap 

the hands (see under these verbs); 
peculiar eipressions: ^Slf hf^T} to 
rescue from one's hand, i e. 
from one's power IS.4,3; *13 C^'t^ 
hv to lay the hand upon one, 1. e. 
to attack him Jb 40,32; Sj? «]3 D^?^ 
to put the hand over one, 1. e. to 
protect him Ps. 139,5 (comp Ex. 
33,22); ns5 ns D^B^ to lay the 
hand upon the mouth, i. e. to be 
silent Jb.29,9; ep? tTfiJ D^ij^ to 
put the life in the hand, i. e, to 
expose oneself to great danger 
Jud.12,3; expressions with dual 
form: D^gJ $'»^J the labor of the 
hands IIag.l,ll;D:e3 "'^g the fruit 
(products) of one's hands Pr31, 
15; D^g3 ^pj clean of hands (in- 
nocent) Ps'24.4; D^eS ^J? «^^ to 
bear upon the hands, i. e. to 
cherish Ps.91,12; •?« UJ^*? N'^q 
D^9?3 V^S d:|3 let us 'lift up 
our heart with our hands unto 
God in the heavens Lam.3,41; 
frf. rffi3 coupled with 0]T: the 
palms of the hands Dan. 10,10; 
twice d;T ilifiS of hands cut off 
2S.5,4; 2K.9,35.- ^ conpled with 
7j^: the sole of the foot, plant 
DVut2,5j e^l^nSJ ^n ei3D from 
the sole of the foot even to the 
head, i. e. the whole body Is. 1,6; 
^^rt *13^ nlii; a rest for the sole 
of thy foot,!, e a quiet habitation 

Deut.28,65; also of the foot of a 
bird Gen 8,9;|)l.n%3 coupled with 

du. of h)i : D'^jrlsn ^^.n n^B3 the 

• I • • • 

soles of the foet of ihe priests 
Jo8.3,13; fig. TJjlm n'Qi'hy, to the 
soles of thy feet, i. e. in the dust 
Is.60,14; of the ark as the foot- 
stool of God: ^S;i nlB3 Dipt? the 
place of the soles of my feet Ezr. 
43,7; once coupled with Dl)|S(fitep) 
2K.19,24.— d;^ hollow vessel, hence; 
spoon, dish Num.7,14;i>2. n^fi3 Ex. 
25,29; nence vb^H *13 the dish 
(hollow) of the sling IS.25,29; 
^!)jn *13 the hollow (socket) of 
the thigh Gen 32,26.— 4) handle 
h^Vi^^ nifi3 the handles of the 
lock Cant.5,5.— 5) branch n1S3 
D^*lDr) branches of palm trees 

r|3 m. rock, cliff; only pi. D^93 J^r. 
4,29; Jb.30,6. 

nfiS (akin to «185; fut. HM:) prop. 

to bend, hence: to tame, to sub- 
due ei^-ney. nORI ]n5 a gift in 
secret tameth (Eng. Bible: paci- 
fieth) anger Pr 21,14. 
nS3 {sf. ^rig?) f. palm-branch, 

branch pCJiJl n^3 palm-branoh 
and rush (proverbially for the 
high and the low) Is.9,13i 19,15; 
n^itl ^h ^"^131 and his branch 
shall not be green Jb 15,32. 

nlB3 I. (from 1g| to cover) m. 1) 

hoar-frost (which covers the 
ground) Ex.l6,14; P8.l47,16. 
*ll£3 II- ♦». cup, goblet Ezr 1,1(^ 



— T 

yiB2 see D'•^e9 . 

D^S3 (trom DBD) m. beam, cross- 

• T 

bcum (holding together a build- 
ding) Hab.2,11. 

T33 iP^' 0^1^99) ♦**• ^^ young lion 

• • • 

Jud.14,5; l8.5,29; fig. of enemies 
Jer.2,15; P8.58,7; of young heroes 
Ez.38,l3.— 2)= 1§| village Neh. 

nTflS P^' **• a city in Benjamin, 
which formerly belonged to the 
Hivites Jo8.9,17; Kzr.2,25; Neh 7, 
29 (now called Kefir, east of Ni- 

">£3 (akin to Sm) to fold, to double 

Ex.26,9; ptp, S\fi| doubled, double 
Ex 28,16. 

Niph. Se5i if^' ''S?:) to be 
doubled, repeated 3*^0 ''S?^.! 
npi^^'pe^ and let the sword be re- 
peated the third time £z.21,19. 
^B3 m. a doubling i:p1 SfiS the 

• I • 

doubling of his bit, i. e. his Jaws 
Jb.41,5; du, 0^1*29? prop, two folds, 

double -^TJ? Di5P? ;"; 119 •'ipi?^ 
Q^^t^sn she hatii received of the 
Lord's hand double for all her 
sins l8.40,2; .TlT^n'? D\':M '? for 
double folds hath wisdom (i. e. 
wisdom is manifold) Jb.11,6. 

|B3 1) to bend napj nfc^tn ]5|n 

n"'^';^ this vine did bend its 
roots Ez.17,7.— 2) to hunger, to 
pine after. 

^£)3 m. hunger Jb.30,3. 

ftfiS (|>*. p. «1^SJ mf. fp) to bend. 

to bow down ^^9J ^S| they bowed 
down my soul Ps.57,7 (=^B?|); 
IB^NI l^D^S? «lbSq is it to bow 
down his head as a bulrusli? Is. 
58,5; pt. p. pL D^p^S? «]p} ;^^ the 
Lord raiseth them that are bowed 
down P8.146,8. 

Niph. «]5| {JvJt, 1 8. B]2W) to bow 
oneself DnD \1SkJj ^^ shall I 
bow myself before the God od 
high Mic.6,6. 

*lfi3 ^) to cover. — 2) to overlay, 

to besmear Gen.6,U,— 3) fig, to 
cover sin, to forgive. 

Pi. 1B?(M. 1B2!; >^«r*. "ifiS) i; 
to forgive, with cLccva.: ]i?J 1^3? 
he forgave the iniquity P8.78,38: 
with hv Jer. 18,23; Ps.79,9; with 
h Ez.16,63; with nrj 2Chr.30,18.— 
2) to make expiation or atone- 
ment for, with hv\ \ti^n rh^ ngji 

^riK^np. and the priest shall make 
an atonement for him concerning 
his sin Lev.4,26; 5,18; with "TS^ : 
ih^3 n^^ ^^»3 "^B?! and he shall 
make an atonement for himself 
and for his house Ex.32,30; Lev. 
16,6.— S) to appease, to pacify 

nn^aa ^V? ^1^^, ^ "^^^^ appease 
him with the present Gen.32,2r, 
T\r)9T. D?n B^^JJl but a wise man 
will pacify it \wrath) Pr. 16,14; 
hence also: to avert, to put off 
mpS ^'rj^n vh nin misfortune, 
which thou shalt not be able to 
avert 18.47,11. 

Pu. ne? ifnt "le?:) l) to be for- 

given, to be atoned for TJO^^ 


T T 



*1|^;n thy sin is forgiven l9.6,7; 
DQ9 "16^ "II^Kwhere with the atone- 
ment was made Ex.29,33; f^^^S 
CJ^ "^fiSr^*^ no atonement is to 
be made unto the land for the 
blood Num.35,33.— 2) to be an- 
nulled njD-nW 030^15 165.1 and 
your covenant with death shall 
be annulled 18.28,18. 

Hithp, nesnn (/•««. -igso:) to be 

• • 

fcrgiven, atoned for IS.3,14. 

Niihp. IfiSl to be forgiven IftSJl 
D'Ji? ^'*4l and the blood shall be 
forgiven them Deut.2l,8. 

B3 (from IfiJ 1; c. Ifi? , |>^ D'»^55) 

m. prop, a covered place or an 
enclosure, hence: hamlet, village 
Cant.7,12; lChr.27,25.— HJ^^^gn IgJ 
l>r. n. a place in Benjamin Jos. 

'IfiS «i. 1) =1§$ village 1S.6,1S.— 

2) pitch (from "I8| -2) 1833 "ISI 
(0 overlay (besmear) with pitch 
Gen.6,14.— 5) cypress-flower '?3&*S 
^^'210 a cluster of the cyppress- 
bush Cant.1,14; pi. C^g? 4,13. — 
4) ransom (prop, covering of sin, 
from 18| 5) iB^pJ IgS a ransom 
of his soul Ex.'30,r2; T^SS thy 
ransom l8.43,3. 

D^1S3 (from IgJ 2) m. pi atone- 

ment, forgiveness D^'JpSO riK^n D1 
the blood of the sin* offering of 
atonement Ex.30,iO; ongjn Di^ 
the day of atonement Lev.23,27. 
mbS (from IBS i) f. cover of the 
ar]£ of the covenant Ex. 25,17 

(Vulgate: propitiatory; Eng. Bible: 
mercy seat, as if from Ifi^ Pi.) ; 
hence of the most holy place in 
the temple: D^'fiSn D^^ the house 
of the cover of the ark lChr.28, 
11 (Bng. Bible: the place of the 
mercy seat). 

2^£)3 (= ^3$) to tread, to press 
(Kal not used). 

Hiph, C^ ^ 9 3 ? to press down 
1$t!$ ^j^'^^?? i^e pressed me down 
in ashes Lam.3,16 (Eng. Bible: he 
covered me with ashes). 

J1S3 Ch. to bind, to fetter; pt p, 
n99 bound Dan.3,21. 

Pa, nfiS {inf. npgS) to bind Dan. 
3,20; pt. p. DfiSP bound v. 23. 

lhB3 I., ■i^'^SS (pi- D^iPM) w. i) 

pillar-top, chapiter Am.0,1; Zph. 
2,14.— 2) knob, crown (ornament 
of the candelabrum) Ex.25,33. 

•WB3 n. pr, n. the island Crete 
Jer.47,4; gent, pi CTPfS Gen.lO, 
14; Deut.2,23; Am.9,7. 

nS (from 115>2;pl.D^1^)m.i)lamb, 
sheep Deut.32,14; Ez.39,18; Am.6, 

4; coll is.16,1 r:is h^'iU ^i'^nhp 

• • • • 

send ye lambs to the Lord of the 
land, i. e. as a tribute (comp. 2K. 
3,4).— 2) fig. battering-ram (an 
instrument of war) Ez.4,2; 21,27. — 
3) fat pasture 3niJ 13 a large 
pasture 18.30,23; ]tkin D^D ^B^?S 
the pastures are clothed with 
flocks Ps.65,14.— 4)8addle-cu8hion 
Gen.31,34 (in the Talm. 13 pillow, 





■)| see ^^$ . 

^3 m. a measure for dry goods 
and liquids IK.5,25 (= 10 ng-^K 
or 10 n^ Ez.45,U). 

XnS Ch. to be pained, to grieve; 

only Ithp, '•^^0^ to be grieved 
••on r)l*3?ilH my spirit was grieved 

^313 iPi' of *?M with inserted 1) to 
bind around, to gird, to clothe; only 
Pi*, pt *?51?9 girded, clothed 
lGhr.15,27 (in the parallel passage 

2S.6,1* "i^^n). 

ntJaiS Ch, f, mantle Dan.3,21. 

• • • 

ma I. (Arf- n!l?:) J) to dig (a well, 
a pit or grave) Oon.26,25; 50,5; 
fig. of plots or devices against 
any one; VV§J^ nm2^ nj they 
have digged a pit for my soul 
Jer. 18,20; rOi;.\TSj; n?p ye dig 
[a pitl for your friend Jb.6,27; 
hence: to devise nns Ssi^J tr^« 
nyn a wicked man deviseth evil 
Pr.16,27; ...) Diag n:j| to open 
one's ears P8.40,7 (comp. ]y< nr)§ 
Is.50,5 a. ]:/< nj^l 1S.20,2).~ On 
Jb.40,30 see under H^^ II. 

NipK niJJ (/-M^. .TJ?:) to be 
digged Ps.9'4,13. 

mS H- to buy, to Hcqulre H^JKJ 

TT X . . .T 

^^ and I bought her to me Hos. 
3,2; B1953 DntJB n?n D^D ye shall 
buy water of them for money 
Deut.2,6; ^'p ^0^? "^^^S ^15i3 the 
grave which I have bought for 
mo Gen.50,5 (others refer ^'^^^| 

to n55 I. to dig); with hv ace. 
Fuerst: to conclude a bargain for 
D^l^n vh'J n?; shall the com- 
panions conclude a bargain for 
him? Jb.40,30 (Eng. Bible: shall 
the companions make a banquet 
of him ? see H'JS III.). 

ma III (den. from nng; fiU. ny?)) 

TT T . . 

to give or prepare a banquet 2K. 
mS I. (from njj I.) /".pit, well; only 
pi c. rinS Zph.2,6. 

m3 n. (from 13J) prop, a com- 
pany sitting in a circle, honce: 
feast, banquet 2K.6,23. 

yr\2 ipl D"'?n? , D^5^?) m. in the 

theology of the Hebrews, a ce- 
lestial creature uniting the forms 
of a man, a lion, an ox, and an 
eagle. The Cherubim are men- 
tioned as guards of the approach 
to paradise (Qen.3,4) and as bear- 
ers of the chariot of God (Ez. 
chap. 1 a. 10). In the holy of 
holies two images of the Cherubim 
overlaid with gold, with expanded 
wings, stood upon the cover of 
the ark (Ex.25,18— 20); hence of 
God: D^5n?n 3??^ who sitteth 
upon the Cherubim IS.4,4; Ps. 
80,2; fig, of the king of Tyre: 


^JJOD 'S^'l? covering Cherub Ez. 
28,16.— The etymology of 211? 
is obscure; some think the D^^ll? 


to be identical with the griffins 
(in Greek grypea), fabulous eagle- 
shaped and lion-shaped animalei 




which were supposed to guard 

the gold mountains in India and 

3113 11. jw- »• a place in Baby- 

Ionia £zr.2^0. 
ma Ch. {def. WjllJ) m. herald, 

crier Dan.3,4. 
nS Ch. to cry out, to proclaim.— 

4p^* n^^ to announce, to make 
known Dan .5,29. 
^ ^€nf. a Carian, coll, the Carians, 


warriors from Garia (in the south 
west of Asia Minor), who served 
as body-guards of the Hebrew 
kings: D^V^ni ^^JD the guards and 
the runners 2K.1 1,4 a. 10; in 2S. 
20,30 nj Kiib for ^0!1? • 
f|^*i2 iw« ♦*• a torrent near the Jor- 
dan IK.17,3. 

ninn3 , non? (from n^?) prop. 

• • • • • 

a cutting off, hence: separation, 
divorce HO^^J I^B ^^^^ of divorce 
Deut.24,1; pZ. if. n''ClO''1? "IfiQ her 
bill of divorce Jer.SiS '(= 1 fi B 

"Tli to clothe, to cover, to wrap, 
whence T15P. 

33*13 («/"• ^3313) w. margin, bor- 

der Ex. 27,5; 38,4. 

03*13 w. saffron, crocus Cant.4,14 

(the word is of Indian origin). 

tS^^D3n3 (= ts^^D? Tinj city of Che- 

mosh) pr, n. a city on the Eu- 
phrates ls.10,9 (=Circesium). 
D3*13 P** **• ft Persian eunuch Est. 

n*1313 (from 113) f. swift cameL 

dromedary; only j)Z. rflJ^J Is. 

D^3 to cultivate, to make fruitful, 
whence 013 , D^S , ^TQ^J . 

^filS) w. {f, 18.27,2 a. 3) i| garden 
riJlCjS olive-garden, olive-yard 
Jud.15,5; more frequently: vine- 
yard Ex 22,4; fully ier| tT^ a 
wine-garden l8.27,2, for which the 
Septuagint readsl^G ^19 a pleas- 
ant vineyard (after Am.5,11). 
• • 

mS Cp^» D''?'!^) m. vine-dresser Is. 

61,5; Jo.1,11. 
^D*13 PT'- **• ^) a son of Reuben Gep/ 

• • •• 

46,9: Ex.6,14; also as pair, (for' 
^!?13) Num. 26,6.— 2) another 
person Jo6.7,i. 

b^D*l3 »». carmine, crimson color, 

crimson stuffs 2Chr.2,6 (ace. Ges. 
the word is of Persian origin). 

'JD^IS (from D"33 with formative 7 , 
like ^m , ^8^8 ; 8f. i^piS) m. 
1) garden, garden-land, fruitful 
field as opposed to the desert Is. 
10,18 and to a wild forest 29,17; 
'^^■JSO Y% the land of gardens 
Jer2,7; l^piS 1}?: its garden-like 
forest (1. e. its fruitful soil) 2K. 
19,23.— 2) garden-grain Sp.^l e^^| 
grits of garden-grain Lev. 2,l4 
(Eng. Bible: green ears).— 3)pr.n, 
Carmel: a) a promontory Jutting 
out into the Mediterranean en 
the southern border of Asher, 
celebrated for its fertility and 


Judah west of the Dead Sea 
•815,55; lS.15,12(nowel.Klrmel)j 
«<• '7913 IS.30,5 a. 28.23,35, 
fl'TPlS IS.27,3. 

pr. n. m. 

3 Cb. (= Heb, KB5) m. throne 

5 P*. of DOJ , which see. 

itoop down, to bo'w down" to 
31 down n^^^Ji'hv y^j to bow 
n on one's knees Jud.7,6; 
?5 r^'J J^IJ he stooped down,* 
touched as a lion Qen.49,9; 
^W7 or 7 : before \y*^2\ Vlth 
they that dwell in the'wllder- 
shall bow before him Ps, 

n?r^? y W \*^ before mJ 
r knee shall' bow Is.45,23; of 

who bow down with the 
) person: n^-lK D^fiS ^PT^M 
bowed themselves with tVeir 

to the urmmti QPk. n o. .li 

that rose up a| 
18,40.— 2) to brie 

flict ^;p?r:)5n rn: 

brought me very ] 
J^1| (from P:i5) /: 

the thigh, leg; onl; 
LevA,l3; Am.3,12; i 
' leaping insects Lev 
I Bx.12,9. 

DS13 w. fine white c 

! stuff E8t.i,6 (the wc 

sian origin). 

*153 1) to move rounc 

I circle.— 2) to be thic 

^S {Kal not used). 

Pi. redupl. ig^J tc 

to dancej pt. "IS^jp 

which in the paril 

iChr. 15,29 nj?.!?. 

K^*1i fo be curved, arc 

2''j3 w. belly, paun< 

^B^.*]? Jer.61,34. 
tJnb i>r. n. Cyrus, cele 

Blanking, deliverer of 
exiles Is.44,28: Dam 




nimj; imp. nnj, -n^ij, npi5 
2S.3;i2; mf. rii?", nhj/'n^jj, 
-iTjsS, 5/: ^inij) i) to'cut, to "cut 

off: part of a garment IS.24,5; 
branch of a tree Num. 13,24; a 
tree Jer.10,3, whence D'»V.?n '•D*P 
the wood-cutters 2Cbr. 2,9; the 
liead and other parts of the body 
IS.6,4; the foreskin Ex.4,25; ni| 
C\l^^ to cut in two parts Jer.34, 
18; pt p, i^nj one whose privy 
member is cut off Lev.22,24, fully 
nyjB^ nnj Deut.23,2; fig. of per- 
sons: to destroy, to root out 

D^!D n§B ^^CIW 1«* "8 <5ut him 
off ci. e. root out) from the land 
of the living Jer.11,19.— 2) nij 
r^*^9 to make a covenantor league 
(in allusion to the custom of cut- 
ting an animal on the occasion 
of making a covenant Gen.]5,10) 
with n« C^^) Gen.15,18; Ex.34,27, 
or DV Ex.24,8; IK.8,9; also with 
7 of the person, in which case 
the phrase has the meaning of 
giving a solemn promise or mak- 
ing a vow: u\l':wS nn?-n^5} nnr] 

C^^pfh^ K^V^n^ let us now make 
a covenant with our God (i. e. 
solemnly promise him) to put 
away all our wives Ezr.lO^Sj poet. 
''fVh ^C'l? ^^1? I made a cove- 
nant with (i. e. a vow to) mine 
eyes Jb.31,1; with hv of the per- 
son: to make a league against 
Ps.83,6; sometimes n^*15 is omit- 
ted: ^PnS'DV ^i?'^*!?? that my 

■ • • • • 

son hath made a league with the 

son of Jesse lS.22,8; Tl^'n^pTT 
DHQ and hast made thee a cove 
nant with them Is.57,8; instead 
of ^^^5 once HJ^B covenant Neh 
lOJ and once "Ij^, word, promiso 

Niph. n^5j (fid. nn$: ; inf. nn jr) 

1) to be cut down: of a tree JLi 
14,7; fig. of persons: to be cut off. 
destroyed, to perish Gen.941;Pr 
2,22; in the same sense: Hp^^j' 
ry^Vn K%7n ^^in and that persoii 
shall be cut off from his people" 
Lev.7,20.— 2) to exile n^J''. N^ 
Tyn-]9 shall not be cut off (i.e. 
exiled) from the city Zch 14,2.— 

3) to take away rri^i ^? O'^V'hv 
D^^^Q because of the new wine, 
that it is taken away from your 
mouth l8.1,5; n^W ^Jh the food 
is cut off, i. e. taken away v. 16.— 

4) to be cut asunder, to be di- 
vided ]ini5^. ni-^ ^0 ^^^ waters 
of Jordan shall be cut asunder 
Jos.3,13; of food: to be chewed 
(others: to be consumed) "l^SH 

nn?: D'J.e nU'A^ ]^3 13TP while 
the flesh was yet between their 
teeth, ere it was chewed Num 
11,33.— 5) to be cut off, to bo 
interrupted, to cease D§IJ ntljl ^^ 
*lJ}r there shall not cease to be 
of you servants Jos.9,23 (Eng. 
Bible: there shall none of you 
be freed from being bondmen); 
also of the interruption of issue 
IK.2,4; R.4,10; of hope: to b* out 
off, to be lost Pr.24,U. 



- T 

Pw, ni3 a. irnj 1,0 be cut down, 
to be cut off Jud.(^,28; Ez.16,4. 

n^'js: , rilPJ!) 1) to cutt off, to cut 

down, to destroy, to root out 
Qy;.5?n-nx ^IJljni and I win cut 
down (destroy) your sun-images 
Lev 26,30; of persons: Hflh ^P^PH] 
npj? nnjsp and I will cut him off 
(root him out) from among his 
people 17,10.— 2) to cut off, to 
lake away, to withdraw n^?*^ ^^ 
DSip-lS ^0^5 DVB ^10D"i^S thou 
wilt not withdraw thy kindness 
from my house for ever IS.20,15. 
Hoph. iTljn to be cut off, with- 
drawn *^o.l,9. 
nmS f. hewed beam; only jl. 

rfhl? IK.6,36. 

^mS 9^' a Cretan, irf. D^ntl? IS. 

• •• • • 

30,14; Ez.25,16; coU. ^oliWl ^^nSD 

• • • 

the Cretans and the Philistines 
2S.H,18 (these were warriors who 
served as body-guards of David; 
comp. ^1|). 

atra (= B^M; Vl Q^*!??) m. iamb 

natP3 (= nipj?) /*. lamb Lev.5,e. 

■[J8f3 _pr. n. son of Nahor, the 

V |V 

brother of Abraham Oen.22,22. 

^^^^ m. 1) gent, only pL D"'^?^3 

• • ^ • 

the Chaldeansj D^lfS p.« the 
land of the Chaldeans, Chaldea 
Jer. 25,5; also D^^t?^ ^omitting 

n^) 50,10, with ri he. n^-'^iifs 

Ez.23,16. In a wider sense 0^*7(^3 
comprised also Mesopotamia, 

whence D^*^lp3 (^'JJ^ of a regioi 
by the river Chebor Ez.1,3; alpc 
D^li?3 "1^^ a city of upper Meso* 
potamia Gen.11,28.— 2) by meto- 
nymy: astrologer, magician Dan 
2,2 a. 4 (the Chaldean priests 
were much occupied with astro- 
nomical observations). 

^•?ltP3 Ch. 1) Chaldean; pi, V^'ip^ , 

^Z". wnipS Dan.3,8.— 2) astroi- 
oger, magician Dan.2,10; 4,4. 
ni2'*3 (akin to Hp^) to be covered 

wi'th fat, to grow fat ip^?? piOf^ 
Q^t^l thou art waxen fat, thou 
art grown thick, thou art covered 
with fatness Deut.32,15. 
b'^^2 (from '^8^5) m. axe (ae a 

felling instrument) Ps74,6. 
^a*3 (/W. *7te^51 only Ktib Pr.4,16; 
pi S^i3 , f. pi. rfhl^^ ; mf. Si»J) 
1) prop, to totter; hence: to stumble, 
with a : \^^^ YV.^ D'^iyj the chil- 
dren stumbled under the wood 
Lam.5,13; VnW3 tS^^tjl ^'tI?}) and 
they shall stumble one over the 
other Lev.26,37; fig. TJ^KS rh^^ 
thou hast stumbled through thine 
iniquity Hos.14,2; D^^K yvr\^ n*;p^| 
truth stumbled in the street Is. 
59,14.— 2) to fall Iln« ^S^^JJ that 
they might fall backward Is.28. 
13; of the fall of a kingdom 
Is.3,8.— 3) to become weak, feeble 
D^yp ns^5 ^51t niy knees are 
weak through fasting Ps.100,24; 
niS?*3 d:319 feeble (prop, totter- 
Ing) knees Is.35,3; in general: to 
fail S|en nb ^G^J the strength 

' T • 



of the bearers faileth Neh.M; 
^nb ^j^aa hp^ my strength failet! 
t^cause of mine iniquity P6.31,ll. 

Niph. Sb^?^ {fid. h^y, ; pt, h^p;) 

1) to stumble, to fall Pr.4,12i in 
a moral sense: Dj^%3 ^^^$1 ^bey 
shall fall in their iniquity Hos. 
bfi.'-'S) to be stumbled, to be weaJc 
S;t3 nr« D\*?^3:5 and they that 
are stumbled (or weak) are girded 
with strength IS.2,4. 

Pi. Sjf 5 (fut. Sj?3p to cause to 
fall; only Ez.36,14 Ktib ^iVi^ \ 
(but Kri ^SjB^O , from Sg?^ , is to 
be preferred). 

Hiph. h>^yi {fut. S^?^X; mf. 
S^ie^pH) IJ to cause to stumble, 
to cause to fall 2Chr.25,8; in a 
moral sense Jer.8,15; Mal.2,8. — 

2) to make to fail, to weaken 

Hoph. S^OT {pt Sg^JP) to be 
made to fall,' to be overthrown 

^2 *»• stumbling, fall, ruin Pr. 
C1tS^3 to mutter, to murmur {Kal 
not used). 

Pi' ^W^ to mutter incantations, 
to practice magic, to use witch- 
craft 2Chr.33,6; pf . S]^59 sorcerer, 
magician Ex.7,11; /". nsVjp 22,17. 

* • 

5^3 m. only pi. D^Jg*? sorcery, 

witchcraft Is. 47,9; D"?^? rhV.^ 
mistress of witchcraft, i. e. a 
sorceress Nah.3.4. 


r|tS^3 m. magician, sorcerer Jer. 

nB^3 (/W. I^PI) i; to be right, 

proper, pleasing ^97 l^^n "HI^Jl 
TJ^QH and the thitig be right be- 
fore the king (i. e. if it please 
him) Est.8,5.^ 2) to prosper, to 
succeed Eel 1,6. 

Hiph. n-^^^jri (inf. "T^g^PD) to 
make prosper, succeed (others: to 
make proper, fit} nppp 'T'J^jn ]SM^] 
wisdom is the advantage of mak- 
ing a thing prosper (or fit) Ec 
]V]^2 w. 1) fitness, ability Ec.2, 

21.— ^^ prosperity, success \^^^$ 
nirSSD success in work Ec.4«4 
(others: ability for work). — 3) 
profit, advantage ] i 1 p^ J • H D ^ 
n^ijyji' and what profit is there 
to the owners thereof Ec.5,10. 

ins if^- in?!; pt. 303; pt p 

3V1| ; inf ainj , 3h?) 1) to write, 
with accus. of the thing written 
and h^ or h of the person to 
whom the writing is addressed 
28,11,14; Deut.24,1; hg ^nj also 
means: to write of or concerning 
Jer.51,60; with '7g of the person: 
to write for, concerning Est.8,8, 
against Ezr.4,6, or to (= '^g) 
2Chr.30,l; Ezr.4,7; with hv or 5 
of the material or book: to write 
upon, to write in n*n?n"7g ^OJ 
to write upon the tablets Ex.34, 1} 
TpJJ'Sg 3^1 to write in a book 

Jos.10,13; ?r{1D?^ '•tliT hv D-^^^n? 

• • • 

written in tb? chronicles of 8amu- 





el IChr. 29 ,29; Dl^n IfiC?! a^n|n 
n^^ that is written in the book 
of the law of Moses Jos.23,6; iig, 
5'.-'7g ^gj to write upon tha 

heart Jer.31,33; with ? of the in- 
strument: to write with ls.8.1; Ex. 
31,18; with omission of ^: iF\y\ 
^"h vr^ he will write with his 
hand: To the Lord (i. e. he will 
inscribe himself unto the Lord) 
Is.44,5; ngQ 3D9 to write from 
one's mouth, i. e. after the oral 
dictation of a person Jer 36,17, — 
2) to write down, to inscribe 
Num. 33,2; D^jnS ninjn *:^5 every 
one who is inscribed unto life 
(i. e. destined for life) Is. 4, 3; 
D^tpy ^1n?$ at the writing down 
(i. e. at the registering) of the 
peoples Fe.87,6.— 3) to write 
about, to describe, as a land Jos. 
18,4.— 4) to proscribe, with hv : 
^:\S^ n^njn ^b? according to all 
that is prescribtsd unto us 2K.22. 
13 (Eng. Bible: which is writen 
about us); also with h^ £st.9,23 
or h 2K 17,37, Pr.22,20.~ 5) to 


subscribe (of witnesses) Jer.32,12. 

Niph. V3^i {fut. 20^)) 1) to be 
written Est.8.8.— 2) to be writ- 
ten down, inscribed Ps.69,29; Jb. 

FL ^nj (p«. nnSP) to write, to 
write down \^^ ?Dr D":??!}?^ and 
the writers who write down 
wrongful things Is. 10, 1 (Eng. 
iSible: and that write griveous- 
O'^ss which they have prescribed). 

nn3 Ch. to write Ezr.4,8; fvJt, aP?J 
5,l0; pt. f. K$0$ Dan.5,5; pi, jp. 
2^0? Bzr.5,7. 

3ri3 vi%, 1) mode of wrHing Est.l 

22.— 2) writing, document "^^ 
n^n the writing of the decree 
E8t.4,8.— 3) register D^ij^qyjtjn Dpi 
genealogical register Ezr.2,62.- 
4) book npx ap?3 D^C^I noted ir 
the book of truth Dan.10,21.— 5; 
writing, letter nrg? •••ipj^^J and 

• • • 

he answered... in writing (by let- 
ter) 2Chr.2,10. 

303 Ch. w. 1) writing, inscription 

Dan.5,7. — 2) written document^ 
edict Dan.6,9.— 3) prescript *••=! 
Dp3 ^(^ without prescription Ezr. 

nans r. a writing yjsjjp. nan? 

etched-in writing Lev.19,28. 
D\713 a. D^^,n3 gerd. pi, the Chittim 

or inhabitants of Citium, an an- 
cient city of Cyprus; in a wider 
acceptation: the Cyprians Gen.lO, 
4; ls.23,12| D^iJ? f^^W. land of the 
Chittim, i. e. Cyprus 18.23,1; V.iJ 
D'*".]?? Islands of the Chittim, i. e. 
islands and coast-lands of Ihe 
Mediterranean Jer. 2,10; Ez.27,6; 
D^nj D^;V shipi of Chittim Dan. 
11,30 is supposed to refer to Ro- 
man ships; D^;?p "VSj D^y ships of 
the coast of Chittim Num.24,24- 
is understood lo refer to a fleet 
which came fr6m Greece. 
n^riS (from HDJ) adj, beaten ]^Jg^ 
r\7)^ beaten 611, i. e. fine oil 

from pounded olives (not pressed) 

Lev 24,2. 
hr\2 Ges.: to enclose; Fuerst: to 

^fi2 w. wall, 8f. MJpm Cant2,9. 

^13 Ch. m. wall Dan.5,5; pi, def, 
»;-0? Ezr.5^. 

\tf^br\2 pr.n* 9k place in Judah Jo& 

• • • 


OnS 1) to glitter, whence DM (Kal 
not used).— ^^ to engrave, to 
write (= 2D§)» whence Dr)59 . 

i^ij)A. Dn5J (pt onji) to be 
written Tji^g D{l?J thine iniquity 
l8 written (ace. others: marlced) 

oris w. fine gold Pr.25,12; Cant. 

V |V 

V\2 in Ethioplc ]nD to cover, to 

T\2F\3 a. njnj (fromtna ; comp. also 

Gre'ek Chiton) f. shirt, tunic (Eng. 
Bible: coat, garment) Con. 37,3; 
28.13,18; 8f. ^iljnS Cant.5,3; pi 

n^ari? ex.29,8; c. riiipi Qen.3,21; 

*/•. C5p1:{l5 Lev, 10,5. 

pi niBii? or nsri? , c. n^so?) A 

i; shoulder ^^$'hv \n\mi they 
bear him upon the shoulder Is* 

46, 7; Dn;j?. ^5r"^J? ^PO" *h® 
shoulder of young asses 30,6; 
fig. fTJ^J^D B)^J ^:TO and they 
showed a rebellious shoulder, 
i. e. refused to obey Zch.7,11; 
1^|r)5 1^2 between bis shoulders. 


- T 

i. e. upon his baoic 18.17,6.— 
2) side, border IK.6,8 (of a house); 
Jos.15,8 (of a city); nngn n^BOS 
sides of the door Ez.41,2; \S^] 
D^^f bp «10?5 they shall fly (rush) 
upon the border of the Philis- 
tines Is.11,14.— 3) undersetter, 
support IK. 7,30 a. 34.— 4) pi 
Difi{19 shoulder-parts (of the 
ephod) Ex.28,7. 

Tn2 to surround, whence "l^i?* 
rnfJ2 {Kal not used). 

Pi l^lj 1) to surround, to be- 
siege Jud.20,43; Ps.22,13.— 2) to 
wait (prop, to go round and round) 
"T^SI ^5^105 wait for me a little 

Hiph. I^njn (fut: "Vt?^:) 1) to 
surround, to encompass about; 
In a hostile sense; TIJJ Ti??B ^5^5 
p^iyj^ the wicked encompasseth 
about the righteous Hab.1,4; also 
In a good sense, with 3:^'Tp5I ^J 
D^p^lX the righteous shall en- 
coropaBs me about Psrl42,8 (others; 
shall crown, i. e. glorify, them- 
selves with me).— 2) intr. to 
crown oneself, to be crowned 
nyn n;n?: D^D^IK the prudent are 

• • • 

crowned with knowledge Pr.14,18. 
"irS (from 1M) •**• crown, diadem 

V'V • 

nnb ip^. nInnS) f, crown ot a 

V|V ~ 

column, capital IK.7,16. 
{^♦na (akin to HO? ; A*t. C^njI) to 
pound, to braise Pr.27,22. 

- T 


imp. ri3 , pi V13 ; mf. nin3) 1) to 
leat, with 7; to beat into, to 
forge ni^^D V D^^flN ^nb beat your 

ploughshares into swords Jo.4, 


10.— 2) to stamp, to pound flSgJ 
iili< and I stamped it Deut.9,21.— 
8) to beat or break in pieces 
ninj D^lVi^ SjJ a potters' vessel 
broken in pieces Is.30,14. - 4) to 
beat down, to rout Vj§D ^'1^^^1 
V^V I will beat down his enemies 
before his face Ps.80,24.— 5) to 
crush, to maim; pt p. H^n^ one 
crushed, i. e. maimed by crush- 
ing the testicles Lev. 22,4. 

Fi, np5 1) to. beat, to forge, 

with S ; D''fi{<S Dnia^n \Typy\ and 

they shall beat their swords into 
ploughshares Is. 2,4; Mic. 4,3.— 
2) to beat In pieces, to pound 


7 the twelfth letter of the alpha- 
bet, called Lamed IpS ox-goad 
J= "Ifi^S), because of its original 
similarity to the figure of that 
instrument; as a numeral = 30. 

•7 (immediately before the accent 
usually "7 : i*lS , nVjS ; combined 
with the def. art. 5 , J , !? , as: 

.- ,-/» T»T T'T*' 

Djn^ = DJpn^ ; before a vowel- 
less ^ it is punctated h , as D''l^^*? ; 
with»A^!?;TI^, nj^, Aa. /^. tjS} 

2Chr.34,7.~ 3) to strike, to de- 
stroy (of a land) Zch.11,6. 

Pu, rn? to be dashed together 
(of civil war): ^iJJ-'iJ ^np?3 and 
nation was dashed against na- 
Uon 2Chr.l5,6. 

Hiph. r\'^T\ {fut. ngJl) to smite, 
to discomfit, to rout D308 ^^^11 
and they smote you Deut.1,44; 
with sf. Dinjil and they discom- 
fited them Num. 14,45. 

Hoph. nan ifut. ns: , pi. ^nsj) 

1) to be beaten in pieces, to be 
broken \F)i\ D i.**?? ^®r graven 
images shall be beaten in pieces 
Mic.1,7.— 2) to be beaten down, 
to be smitten \r\S\ ^'Q'^y^i their 
mighty ones are' beaten down 
Jer.46,5; Ig^Tlj: HH}?^^ and the 
gate is smitten with destruction 

^^ r.n^; ^^; dj?, r. p^ and 

]n?, '"Vi-T^ P^^' ^) '^' towards 
"? IDj to give to Gen 1,39; 'h 131 
to speak to 28,15j "S ?|Sn to go 
to 18 10,26; "^ «i3 to come to Is. 
59,20; "7 ^^15. to come near to Jb. 
33,22; Dyj\y D^DB^S 1K?^ lift up 
your eyes towards the heavens 

l8.5i,6.- 2) for "S r\^^ nrh to 

take a wife for Gen.24,4; ^irij 
m;}!2 ''^5g/> food for his father 



for the journey 45,25; U^i^h DiD 
good for man Ec.6,12; "S urh\ to 
fight for Ex. 14, 14; -^ t\ to con- 
tend for Jud.6,31; "^ ^^WD to 
entreat for Ex 10,11,— 8) into (of 

a change) ...y^jfn n« n>r\% v^]5;j 

n^K^ and the Lord God made the 
rib... into a woman Qen. 2, 22; 
hence "*? TIM to turn into P8.65, 
^ i HNJ to be turned into, to 
become Lam.1,2} t8f§J^ D-JKH ^H^ 
!T0 and the man became a living 
soul Qen.2,7; sometimes "7 HJJ 
to become as: TJkS ,Tn Kn^ and 
he became as a stone IS.25,37; 
with .TH implied: ITJkS ^©J? flfi 

• • • • • 

the daughter of my people is [be- 
come] cruel Lam.4,3; "hnh tS^^*1 ^3 

• • • ' 

the whole head is [become] sick 
Is.1,5; after a verb of division: 
Into D^.i?^"? nij to cut into two 

[parts] Jer.34, 18; ..♦D?n-nK fna 

rlJOQ ^7S?b and he divided the 
people... into two bands Gen.32, 
8.— 4) at ^i^ "»!lClv^^^^ at this 
my heart trembleth'Jb.37',1; J^Q??? 
1^ VPfl IJ.** at the hearing of the 
ear they obey me Ps.i8,45,— 5) 
by, of DjS n^^:. 113^ KH this only 
may be prepared by you Ex. 12, 16; 
e^WB^ yetrj 15^82 when it was 
heard by Sanballat Neh.6,1; Tnn 
■7 to conceive by one Gen.38,18; 

n-jn ^?i§ iS n^K n^g ^'•k^ by the 

man, whose these are, I am with 
child v. 25; DhS igy^ he is en- 
treated of (by) them, i. e. he 
listens to their prayers Is.10,22; 


yrh "^'OIP psalm of (or by) David 

• • • • • 

Ps.3,1 etc.; H^Dj? TVv%t^ a prayer 
of Moses 90,1;' ^JtB? b^P*D '•^51 

t • • ■ • 

'8^1?? the book of the chronicles 
of the kings of Israel IK. 15, 31; 

Dj; ng;. *"5-*?8 ...;';!; nr^ ••? for the 

day of the Lord... shall be upon 
every one that is proud and lofty 
Is.2,12j nj Vn^ of Noah's life Gen. 
7,11; ^fffh nn«? on the first day 
of the month '8,*13; y^VfV^. V^^P 
the abundance of the rich man 
Ec. 5, 11; P^IX^ DSP DID bet- 
ter is the little of the righteous 
man (i. e. a little that the right- 
eous man hath is better) Ps.37, 
15. — 6) by, with (instrumental) 
1^.?!^ ^^'^ to see with the eye Ez. 
12,12j 1^541 ^J^irSS with (by) our 
tongue will we prevail Ps.12,6.— 
7) within, in, at (of time) n^^?^'j 
D''P;n within three days Ezr.lOA 
^>y^ tr^l^^ nnrj once in three 

years lK.l6,22; HM?^ Ty D''P'»^ 

• • • • 

In yet seven days Gen.7,4.— 8) 
distributively: each, every, by 
1R?^ Jer.21,12, pi D''n|'55^ Jb.7,18 
every morning; D'^^Sg^l rf^tJ/ 
by hundreds and by thousands 
2S.18,4; nn^l nn«^ one by one, 
singly Is.27,12.- 9) after (of time) 
D^tJ^ n^7?^7 after three days Am> 
4,4; D^DJ.D\5^l?7 after two years 
28.13,23.— 10) io, until TV^S to 
the harvest Am.4,7; ^IfJ^S until 
the morning Deut.16,4. — II) Uu 
even to, until pn ''75 i even to no 
measure, i. e. without measure 



l6.5,U; n'''3K?^rK^ even to no 

• • • 

remnant, i. e. until there would 
be no remnant £zr.0,14$ D^jd^ 
P^^i?il »^{?B7 priests to [the num- 

• • • • • 

ber ofj a hundred and twenty 
2Chr.5,12; of degree: even «S 
15*1 y:^*? vSy nbs: there shall not 
be imposed upon him even any- 
thing, i. e. he shall not be charged 
with any business whatsoever 
Deut.24,5.— 11) concerning, of, 

about wa hD^ rriinn n* this is 

the law concerning every man- 
ner of plague Lev.U,54; *1gp^ 
nllS "^fit^ it shall be related of 
the Lord to the [future] generation 
Ps.22,3r, •..a'hph hn^ to ask con- 
cerning the well-being of... 2S. 

and he became greater... in riches 
and in wisdom lK.10,23; D^^p.t 
D^D;'? older in days Jb.32,4.— 
13) inf. with h has the meaning 
of the English inf. with 'to', *in 
order to'; niS^^ ^3 he came to 
see Ps.4l,7; KripS '•JK ^J^DD I rose 
up in order to open Cant.5,5; Dp^ 

h'^nh bread to eat Oen.28,20i fi 

. • •• 

^"3^5 * '^™® *^ bring forth Ec. 
3,2; in the negative the 7 of the 
inf. is joined to the negative par- 
ticle ^n*?? , as: r\±h to go, -'•flSjS 
• ■ • • • . • 

r\Jl not to go R.3,10; preceded by 
iTH itif. with 7 expresses action 
about to take place or necessary 
to take place: frt^S C^B^D ^TO and 
the sun was about to go down 
Gen.l5,l2; S^pS ^irg^H ^n;j and ih? 
gate was to be shut (i. e. it was 

about time to shut it) Jos. 2, 5; 
Si?.!'"?^ n:nfi tin) and No shall be 
to be (i. e. must be) rent asun- 
der Ez. 30, 16; sometimes with 
omission of HVI in the same 

sense: ^DgS iij DW TV yet thip 


day he must remain at Nob Is. 
10,32.— 14) h is often added after 
verbs to signify action for one's 
own advantage, for oneself: ?|^*?J^ 
get thee out (prop, go for thyself) 
Gen.12,1; ns DjS \2^ abide yd 
here 22,5; IdS UK^^.J^S D^;ja houses 

• • • 

which none inhabit [for them> 
selves! Jb. 15,285 ^^V? ^H rh-nni 
my beloved, be thou [for thyselfj 
like a roe Cant.2,17; H^ n^!r9'1! 
which is full Am.2,13.— 15)' "^ 
frequently forms adverbs and 
prepositions of words of other 
parts of speech: HDJ^ securely, 
yi^h to satiety, tSg^ gently, pi;i^ 
rightly, n?}? completely, fully, 
^^*3i?^ to meet, etc. — 16) *? as 
sign of the accusative case (af- 
ter the manner of the Chaldee): 
njJgS Unn they slew Abner 2S. 

3,30 (= Sa?« ng); 80 also n;pT.!? 

for ITDTrng Jer.40,2. 
I • • • • 

'7 Ch. 1) prep, signifying: a) the 

dative case ^S ^*1DK tell me Dan. 
2,9; ^18 npJS'? he' went to his 
house 2,17.6^ the genitive case T]^p 
^^^V'^h a king of Israel Ezr.5,li, 
"Q» n^S npSfi Di'' the third day 
of the month of Adar 6,15. c) the 
accusative case ^5^ ^^^jn*? ^5^S 
the king made Daniel great Dan. 




2,48.— ^) joined to the fvU. of 
X^l! (to be) it forms the sub- 
Junctive mood: ^J^^t? Kl?./. blessed 
be Dan.2^0; K;n;?/ ^ ' H^ what 
should be v. 29. 

Jt^ (35 times H'h , 3 times iS) adu. 

1) not KV;^ >iS he found not Qen. 
2^0; U5P Sjl^n «<S thou Shalt 
nut eat of it v. 17; sometimes 
interrogatively (like K^H, which 
see below) Jer.49,9; Jb. 2, 10.— 

2) no, nay ^JHK ^h nay, my lord 


Gen.23,11. — ^^ coupled with nouns 
and adjectives Kv negatives their 
meanings: h^'^^ no-god, i. e, an 
idol Deut.32,21; CV'tki no-people, 
i. e. an unworthy people ib.; 
DJITK'? not wise, i. e. foolish Deut. 
32,6; T'pn"«'7 not pious, i. e. un- 
godly Ps 43,1.— 4) rarely as a 
noun: nothing «S Df)VD. nng-^J 

• • • • 

for now ye are nothing Jb.6,21.— 
5) with l! interrogative wS ex- 
presses a question in^a negative 
form: nsi? ^^tf'F) DH KiSn if thou 
doest well, shalt thou not be 
accepted? Gen.4,7j''S-n5»S H^Ti «Sn 
said he not unto me? 20,5; nSh 
sometimes signifies: lo ! behold ! 

(like n^n, JH) ngS7n?9 ^VO? «^lI 

lo ! the arrow is beyond thee 

28.15,35; i§R hv c^^nj n^'tkhq 

D^Cin ^:i5T behold ! they are writ- 
ten in the book of the chronicles 
2K.15,36.— 6) with prepositions: 
a) ^i'?? without «1C3 tkh^ without 
money ls.55,1; n^njD ^^^ without 
Idoingl as it was written 2Chr. 

30,1H; iDi'' Ikh^ without his day, 
i, e. before his' time Jb. 15,32; with 
omission of 2 : D^jf Hh without 
children lChr.2,30; ^'Tjr^h with- 
out a way Jb.12,24. ft) I*'?/' with- 
out .Tjin JJSS without law 2Chr. 
15,3; S id joined to Hi also as 
a sign of the dative: 03 >{77 to 
him that is without power Jb. 
26,2 (see also Is.65,1). 

K^ 28.18,12 Kri for ^h . 

Kt> , n^ Ch. (= Heb. «S) adv, 1) not 

Dan.2,5j K'jq is it not ? behold ! 
(=Heb. 8^3) Dan.3,24,4,27.— 2) as 
a noun: H^? as nothing Dan.4,32. 

^{i^7 (= 5n^) to burn, whence 

T\y\Hhr^ . 

• . 

*1DT ^{^ P*"' ^- ft" place in Qilead 

^28.17,27 = 1}n *h 9,4. 
nK*? (frd. r\vh\ , ap. K b,?^ to bo 

T T * * ' 

wearied, exhausted t^VOS 1i<7.*2' 
nnsn they were wearied to fiinl 
the'door Gen. 19,1 1;T.^S njT HDjn 
nW.i^ if we assay to address a 
word to thee, wilt thou be wea- 
ried ? Jb.4,2i 7]''^t? ^nn nny ""j 

H^.D1 but now it is come upon 
thee, thou art wearied v. 6. 

Niph. HK^j 1) to tire oneself, to 
be tired, weary, exhausted U^., 

nj<S:i TjnSn; n^rihn, ei^jn n^^ni 

T : • : I :t-:- • v: i ^t t: 

nn33"i3 nnw a rain of beneficence 

didst thou send down, God 

whereby thou didst strengthen 

thy heritage, when it was weary 

Ps.68,10; «trj ''O'^^i I am weary 



to bear I8.1,l4 fcomp. Jer.20,9); 
with 3: r\\nfS in? iT'K^; thou 
art wearied with the multitude 
of thy counsels 18.47,13; npS 

^H^i .n;.gn n,?.ri§i n^^iW) they 

have taught their tongue to speak 
lies, and weary themselves to 
commit iniquity Jer.9,4.~ 2) to 
have an aversion, to loathe ^t<h}) 
l^jn-lP DJD ninr^ OnVP and the 
Egyptians shall loathe to drink 
of the water of the river Ex 7,18. 

Hiph. nK^pn {f. n^il^n Ez.24,12 

for n^sS:? ; inf- niK^H) to make 
weary, to exhaust, to make im- 
patient ''}^^i^ •^5- "^^^ ^® ^*^^ 
made meweary Jb.l6,7;?J%n{<7'T "^^^ 
and wherein have I wearied thee? 
Mic.6,3; T]1«S;i and they have 
wearied theo Jer.12,5; D^Q t^J^pn 

is it too little for you to weary 
men, that ye will weary also 
my God? I8.7,13. 
ilH^^pr. n. Leah, the elder daughter 


of Laban and wife of Jacob Qen. 
tOK^ (= D^S) 1) to wrap around, 

to cover, to muffle n« tSK*; TlSen 
Vj§ the king covered his face 2S. 
19,5;fort:K^Jb. 15,6 see under tSt? . 

^Nt> adv. softly, gently (see t:K). 
OX"? = ta!: , which see. 

T ' 

"|X^ to perform, to make, to minister, 
whence ^K70 , HJKStJ , 

/M*? P^- w. m. Num.3,24. 


Di<^ in Ar. t( unite, to g 

nnh {sf. ^i?k:? a. "9 Kb i 
• ". • • 

D^?^J?) prop. un:*on. 
people, a nation Qen. 
17,12, etc. 

D^DN^ P*"' **• an Arabian 1 


2h (from mS ; "iS , i/'. ^ 

pi r^iSh) and ijS (c. 

lChr.28,9, with sf, on< 
Neh.2,8 as if from pi I 
i) heart in the wide 
hence: a) the heart as 
the body 28.18,14; P8.45 

soul: '?fi^ n8f n^? 

and my heart (i. e. s ,u 
Ps.73,26; hence: Tis'j h^ 
heart, i. e. upon thee 
h) the heart as the se 
feelings and of vital 
ajS-Sj? ^HK to love wi 
heart Deut.6,5; ^i?K ]'•« 
heart is not with me ( 
lovest me not) Jud. 16,15 

to hate in the heart '. 
iaS Jgn his heart fai; 
45,26; 02^ KX.M the 
failed 42,28; 'i5}V, ^5^? 
(i. e. courage) hath fori 
Ps.40,13; n^hn r[2 faini 
1. e. having no couraj 
Deut 20,8. c) in reference 
acter and moral con 
y^n^ a clean heart P3.S 
DfS integiity ofheai 11 





IP.^^ a faithful heart Neh.9,8; D)?. 
t^'P, a perverse heart Ps. 101,4; 
^% ^S? with a double heart, i. e. 
insincerely Ps. 12,3 and its con- 
trary ^5) i?. wSj without a 
double heart, i. e. sincerely IChr. 
12,33; an unfeeling heart is called 
]?»? ^5 a heart of stone Ez.ll,l9 
or 9^y ^5 uncircumcised heart 

Lev.26,41; further: M?. ^1^3 stout- 

** _ . 

ness of heart Is 9,8 and 22 3ni 

largeness of heart Pr 21,4 signify 
haughtiness or pride; the latter 
also denotes joy: T|;}J^ 2ryy\ and 
thy heart will be enlarged, 1. e. 
from Joy Is.60,5. d) as the ceat 
of will, desire, determination: 
^9?53 ^5^B'*?| n5?g do all that 
is In thy heart lS.14,7i TlJ5*n? ''J 
^^^^9 but to destroy Is [the de- 
termination] In his heart Is. 10,7; 

n:3 nijp.5 ?i?9?-Dy n;n it was in 

thy heart (I. e. It was in thy 
determination) to build a house 
lK.8,18j 1M?? \^^H a man after 
his own heart (desire) IS.13,14. 
e) as the seat of knowledge, think- 
ing, understanding: "H^ n5"'^^.lJ 
^2?-?^ he told her all his heart 
(U e. all that he knew) Jud.16,17; 
^§? D^*?"^S oaO? write them upon 
the table of thy heart (I. e. pre- 
serve them In thy memory) Pr. 
3,3; ^55 *1CS to say In one's 
heart (I. e. to think) Ec,2,lj n?ri 
^3"^§ tt) lay to heart, i. e. to 
recall to mind Lam.3,21; accord- 
ingly 2.^ denotes understanding: 

DjiDJ 2^^, ''? Ui I have under- 
standing as well as you Jb.12,3; 
hence 2^^ C^n wise of heart Jb. 
9,4; 2^ IfCl void of understand- 
ing Pr.7,7;b5.? ^i?W men of heart, 
i. e. of understanding Jb.34,10; 
^.? nb ^'•53 he is mighty In 
strength of understanding (of 
intellect) Jb.36,5; sometimes in 
the signification of conscience: 
'?}? *11!;ir^9 my heart (con- 
science) shall not reproach [me] 
Jb.27,6; inh nir:i5 nil. and David's 
heart (conscience) smote him 2S. 
24,10; M.(aj?) ^5 2^ to steal one's 
heart, i. e. to deceive Gen.31,20 
H« 26. — 2) fig. heart, center, 
midst D^"25? in the heart (I. e. 
depth) of the sea Ex.l5,S; 2^'IV. 
D^.Ct^n unto the midst of heaven 
Deut.4,11; H^KH ^55 In the midst 
of the terebinth 2s!l8,14; dJ? '•J!?'' 
^t^j^that dwell In the midst of 
them that rise up against me 

27 a. ^37 Ch. m. heart (as in Heb.), 
sf. ^3? Dan.7,28, H^}^ 4,13. 

KD/ a- "^^^ to low, to roar, whence 

^'?^ , '?!? , «;?? lion, lioness. 

• • • • 

niKi / pr. n. a city in Simeon Jos, 

15,32; more fully fliXJ? n\3 19,6. 

^2/ to envelop, to cover (=Ch P|g9), 

whence H^J? a. -D? , i}5 • i^al 
not used.) 

Niph, 23?^ {den. from ij5 ; fut. 

^f}^-) ^^ ^^ Intelligent, wise 
(others: to be haughtvh :i^3J tr^^l 



•^SyD^N «'3§ ^'.8^: ^3^' '^^-llilS 
ace. Eng. Bible: for vain man 
would be wise, though man be 
born like a wild ass's colt; Vul- 
gate: the vain man lifLeth him- 
self in haughtiness, and thinketh 
himself born free as a wild ass's 
colt; Stb.: and a vain man still 
has the audacity, this wild ass's 
colt is born again into a man. 

Pi' ^3? iM* ^35^) V den. from 
^f ? to ravish the heart, to charm 

TwTRfi rin«3 ^jnjs? thou hast 

ravished my heart with one of 
thine eyes Cant.4,9.— 2) deii, from 
nyi"? to make cakes TS*? ^350^ 
^^^?? "^OP^ and lot her make be- 
fore mine eyes a couple of cakes 
:12b see 55 . 

naa*? see ny^? . 

P3*^ (= 712^% f, flame; only c. 
B^K na5 the flame of fire Ex.3,2. 

n|t» (= :i5) f' heart; sf. ri(n|S Ez. 
I6,30; pi ni3^ Ps.7,10. 

nJlD^ see n^b? . 

• ■ 

pl. D^p^U?) m. i^ garment, cloth- 
ing, attiro Jb.24,10; E8t.6,9; poet, 

C^U? iD? ^3y:n;i and they (all 
■ . • « ■ 

things on the earth as illumined 
by the morning sun) stand forth 
as in attire Jb 38,14; filf of the 
scales of the crocodile Jb.41-5.— 
2) fig. spousals, marriage H}^ ''J 
iB^U?-9y DDn .-1551 ...V. *^5fe' Hi!? 

a • • • • • • • 



for he hateth putting away, saith 
the Lord, ... and him that cov- 
ereth his garment (i. e. his mar- 
riage) with violence Mai. 2,16. 
tt'ttt* Ch. m. garment Dan.7,9. 

tOD*? to throw down {Kal not used), 
Niph, 03?^ (fut, ID3^:) to be 
thrown down, to fall Hos4,l4; 
Pr.l0,8 a. 10 

^i^ m. lion, only pl DN'D? P8.57,5; 
• • • • 

/. niJ<5? lionesses, sf, Vfihj? 
H^2^ m. lion Qen.49,9; Num.24,9; 

• T 

f. lioness Jb.4,11. 
«»3^ (from ^5*? for n^}*?) f. lion- 

ess Ez.19,2. 
ni^^P /*. cake, pancake; only pL 

h^^h 28.13,6. 

27 1) to be white, whence ]}^. 
^ii) a. n}5^ (Kd not used).- 
5;; den, from n:3? (/"w^- 1 pl ^i^'^i i 
tn/*. with ^ : p9^) to make bricks 
Gen.11,3; Ex 5,7. 

Hiph. ]^5'?n i^fut ]^5?: ; m/*. with 
9 : i5?5 for 1^;^5 = r5?n?) i; 

to make white, hence fig. to pu- 
rify from sin Dan. 11,35.— 2) intr. 
to be or become white Is.l,18$ Ps. 
51,9; Jo.1,7. 

Hithp. ]55on fut ]550!) to clear 
oneself, to purify oneself from 
sin Dan 12,10. 

I. {/•. njj^)afy. white Qen.30,35;|)i. 

• • • 

cja*? Ec.9,8; f. nv^5? nsns palish 

• • • • 

.^vhiie Lev. 13,39. 
p*? II. p^' n. 1) Laban, the father- 



in-Law of Jacob Gen 24,29.— 2) 
a place in Arabia Deut.1,1 (per- 
haps = HM? Num.33,20). 

• • 

p5 ^= 1?1 ^'^ ^3' white; only c. 
d;J»-]3*? white in his teeth Gen. 

T\y3b f- 1) the moon (prop, the 

white, the pale, from jj?) Is.24, 
23; Cant.6,10.— 2) pr. n. tn. Ezr. 
2,45; Neh.7,48. 

nJ5^ (pi. n'^iSh) f' brick, tile 
(^om p7, 80 called from the 
white clay of which briclcs were 
made) Gen* 11, 3; £z.44. 

njD^ I. /". whiteness, clearness, 

T : • 

brightness; only c. nj5? •"'fe^SSJ 
*1^PBD as the work of bright 
Sapphire £x.24,10 (Eng. Bible: as 
it were the paved work of sap- 
phire stone, evidently taking nj;i^ 
as the c. of n^S/)* 

nji*? II. pr, n. 1) a station of the 

Israelites in the desert Num.33, 
20 (see ]J^ II. 2),— 2) a city in 
the plain of Judah Jos.10,29; 2K. 

n3i^ w. white poplar Gen. 30,37: 


nJD/ a. nj'^i/ /". 1) frankincense, 

a sweet-smelling resin particular- 
ly of a white color (from ]3^) 

lUi/ P**- «• (in prose always with 
the ai± ]iJ5^n ; with H 2oc. r\p^^) 
the great mountain between Pal- 
estine and Syria, consisting of 



two ridges running parallel from 
north to south (Lebanon and 
Anti-Lebanon) Deut.1,7; Jos.9,1; 
IK.5,20. It is covered with per- 
petual snow Jer.18,14, whence its 
name (I^^Jt* prop, white moun- 
tain, from i^^); it abounded in 
cedars and cypresses, wherefore 
the forests of these trees, to 

which B^inj, ^n'ln and IIB^S^ 
• • • • 

belonged, were poetically called 
r^jfO 1^^3 (the glory of Lebanon) 
Is.35,2j 60,'l3. 

"•Ji^ pr n. tn. Ex.6,17; also as patr, 

Num.3,21; 26,58. 

nj3^ see mh Sn-*?^ . 

t^i a. 8*5^ (fvt. tf ib: ; i>«. j>. B^ia^i 

imp. »3^, f. ■'l??'?; m/-. tfiaS, ra^) 

• • • • 

1) to wrap, to cover, to put on, 
to dress, to clothe oneself &*3^1 
Vl^|"nK and he shall put on his 
garments Lev. 16,24 "Ht? '•nD^fi 

nn?a^« nayrj ^njn? i have "'put 

off my coat; how shall I put it 
on? Cant.5,3; pt p. D''^:!* IT^S 

• • • 

clothed with scarlet Pr. 31, 21; 
with 3: to clothe oneself with, 
to wear S^'t^h Ig^R H^dSb B^U^ 
n5SD royal apparel (dress) which 
the king hath worn Est.6,8j C?U^ 
D''13 clothed with linen Ez.9,2; 
D-tjiV onj? tr^iS clothed with 
filthy garments Zch.3,3.— 2) fig, 
to be covered wtth, with accxia,: 
ngn n.B?| C^a^ my fiesh is clothed 
with worms Jb.7,5; H^j'j ;; nn 
ryirr^? the spirit of 'the 'Lord 




clothed (came upon) Qideon Jud. 
6,34; ipipjS l^ni nin thou art 
clothed with splendor and majesty 

P8.i04,i; ^jg^a^n '^nfil p^lf I put 

on righteousness, and it clothed 
me Jb.29,U; \ti^r\ D^J ^tTjl^ the 
pastures are clothed with flocks 
P8.65,U; ^ie? n^hp, B^S*?aand he 
clothed himself with cursing as 
with his earment P8.100,l8; M^l^j] 
n^tj:^ ^yj] and the prince shall 
be clothed with desolation £z.7, 
27; pt. p. D'^i'^rj B^^^ covered with 
those that are slain 18.14,10 (Eng. 
Bible: as the raiment of those 
that are slain, taking tS^^7 as a 


Pu- ^Sbipt. B^3^9) to be clothed, 
with occtw.: D''7^3 D'^J^J^p clothed 
in their garments IK.22,10; 2Chn 

H^h, B^^3b.n ifut, B^-'sfe, 8^3^: ; 
pt B^'»?Se ; inf. t^S^H) to clothe, 
with wxus,: niV^DS ^Oi< ^3^3] 
and I clothe thee with festive 
garments Zch.3,4; IT^^^g D'^yifJ 
np^j sleepiness clotheth a man 
in rags Pr.23,21; with accus. of 
garment and ^V. of the member: 

to put upon DMyn \n^ rinV np] 

and the skins of the kids she put 
upon his hands and upon the 
smooth of his neck Qen.27,16; fig. 
VT.:''V,i ^J?^^?^D he hath clothed 
me with the garments of salva- 
tion is.61,10; nn'iis D-ie^ tr^5*rK 

I clothe (cover) the heavens with 

blackness60,3; n^RlilKJJ B^^?^ClI 
hast thou clothed his neck with 
a rolling mane? Jb.39,19 (Eng. 
Bible: with thunder; Vulgater with 
t^*^7 Ch. to put on (a garment) 



Aph. 0^3^^ to clothe, with h ot 
the person Dan 5,29* 
i^ (from ^^h) m. a measure for 
liquids Lev.4,10 (12th part of a 

^;i^ in Ar. to be deep, whence i^ 

"I'p pr. n. Lod, a town in Benjamin 
Ez.2,33; lChr.8,l2 (= Lydda). 

*1in? P^. »• a place in Gilead Jos 
13,26; perhaps rsl^T^J'? 28.17^7. 

rT? Ch. = t6 , which see. 

tib Deut.3,11 for riS, which see. 

2tlh (= ^^h) to burn. 

2r\h (irf. D*?n^ , c. '•aqiS) m. l) flame 
Jud.13,20; e^H nn^ flame of fire 
Jo.2,5; ^t< ''30^ flames of fire Is. 
66,155 fig- Q0^» D^3n*? ^Jp faces 
of flames (i. e. flushed) are their 
faces 13,8.— li) brightness, glitter 
of a weapon SVyi ^^ glitter of 
a spear Jb.39,23; hence: blade of 
a sword Jud .3,22. 

n^nb f. flame l8.4,5; pL flijriS B^B 

T T V f 

fire of flames Ps.105,82; c. ni^n!? 
tTM. flames of fire (fig. of light- 
ning) 29,7. 

D^in^ pr.n.pL a people deaoended 

V|V — 



T I 

from Mizraim Qen.10,13 (== D^;ilS 
D2tlb f' 1) flame Ez.21,3.— 2) gilt- 

V IV - 

tering point or blade of a spear 

yO Ar. to study diligently, hence*, 
to think, to meditate (Ges. and 

Sj2 m. study, thinking, meditation 

V? ^^'^'^ •"^'^l^ ^n!2 much study 
Is a weariness of the flesh £c. 
12,12 (ace. 6tb. ST^^ Is abridged 
from n^-inii supine of HJIJ I.V 
Hn? P**. w. w. lChr.4,i. 

Pn^ (/«<. nn^; , op. ni::) to be ex- 

haustcd, to faint; only op. /". Trr\^ 

land of Egypt... fainted by reason 
of the famine Qen.47,l3. 
nnb to be foolish or mad (Kd not 

- T 


Hithp, redupl, B/jyiV^ to be- 
have foolishly, to play the mad- 
man; cnlypt nSn^niJp as one 
who plays the madman Pr.26,18. 

rsnb I (jp^ tDdS , pi c'tfuh) to bum, 

to flame tsr]? ^H, flaming fire Ps. 
104,4; fig. of men: O^^ip HJJipH 
QDS^ '^i? I lie among those that 
send out flames, even among men, 
whose etc. Ps.57,5. 

Pi. DhS (fut. t:iUb)) 1) to make 
burn, to set on fire, to kindle 
C'ln Drii:fl n^nl?! as the flame 
setteth the mountains on firo Ps. 
83,15; rSpP ^ngq^i?! and It hath 
9et him on fire round about Is. 

42,25. — 2) to burn up, to con- 
sume nn^ri ••v.g-'jj n^q*? ny^^ 

the flame hath burned all the 


trees of the field Jo.1,19; H^n^ 
D^y^T ^nZ.^ the flame burned 
up the wicked Ps.106,18. 
Cn^ II. (= or) to wrap, to cover, 
to hide, whence D^fin7 IJ. 

IDn^ (from CnS I.) m. flame, glitter 

^^nn DhS the flaming sword Qen. 

D'On^ (ftrom tDH^ II.) ir.. i)Z. secret 

or magic arts, enchantments, with 
sf. cn^finl?? Ex.7,11. 

• • • 

DH^ ace. Fuerst In Ar. to speak 


softly, to whisper {Kal not used) 

Hit^p. n±rin {pt pi, d-'ClITW) 

« * . 

to be g«?ntly spoken ]y)i ^^5*^ 

Q^PlI^O?? the words of a slan- 

. . • 

derer appear gentle Pr.18,8 a. 26,22 
(Vulgate: appear artless; Qes.: 
are as dainty morsels; Eng. Bible: 
are as wounds, following Rashl 
according to whom DH^ is trans- 
posed from D2'7 ^0 strike). 

in^ adv, therefore R.1,13 (see also 
under ]n I.). 

mh Ch. adv. 1) therefore Dan.2,6.— 

2) but Ezr.5,125 Dan.2,30.— 3) ex- 
cept Dan.2,11; 3,28; 6,8. 

Mpn^ (prob. a transposition from 


n|ni?) f- assembly, company; only 
c. D^K^Jin ripn!? the company of 
the prophets is.19,20. 
im t Bee ^57 tkh . 

T : 






^ a. »^^ con;. Jf, If yet ng^qp ^S 

23Cft '^0»? ^^'^ DC'^W if ye had 
saved them alive, I would not 
slay you Jud.8,19; bpP ''jbg \h] 
...Hh «1BJ s\^,t< ""BS 72 even if I 
should have weighed out on my 
hands a thousand shekels, yet 
would I not... 28.18,12; '•JgDEf ^h 
if thou wouldst only hear me 
Gen,23,13; eiRi'' ^^R^f ! ^^ if yot 
Joseph should hate us Gen.50,15. — 
2) Oh if! Oh that I would that! 
^7 SB^ ^©y \h Oh that my people 
had hearkened unto me! P8.91, 
U; D15^ <i)V^|";^^ Oh that thou 
wouldst rend the heavens! Is. 
63,19; nOQ ^^ would that we had 
died ! Num.U,2; sometimes as 
merely concessive: ?|5}^? ^'^l ^h 
let it be according to thy word 

m^ see tkh . 

«^^ see 6 . 

W^t^ (= D'jn^) gent. pL Lybyans 

• • • 

2Chr.l2,3j Nah.3,9; also D^jS Dan. 

IP 1>^- »*. ^>^ an African people 
sprung from the Egyptians Ez. 
27,10, pi Dni7 Gen.10,13.— 2) a 
people descended from Shem Gen. 
10,22.— 3) a Japhetic land and 
primitive people, mentioned with 
^3^n , 1 U' tr'^B^IO and h^Q Is. 
66,19, by which is meant the ter- 
ritory of Asia Minor, called 
Lydia, as well as the Lydians 

n*i^ C/tt<. ni*?" . pt. niS 1) to bind 

around, to wreathe, whence n^J?- — 
2) to Join oneself, to cleave, ic 
adhere, to accompany UlS* t^Vi} 

^^9^.3 ^^^ ^^^^ shall adhere to 
him in his toil Ec.8,15.— 3) prop, 
to bind oneself, to come under 
obligation, hence: CjOJ ^yi*J we 
have borrowed money Neh.5,4; 
ni^O th n$B] and thou shalt not 
borrow Deut.28,12; pt HiS one 
who borroweth, a borrower 18.24, 
2; Pr22,7; D^.tf-'.^JS^ y^^n"^ the 
wicked borroweth, and repayetb 
not Ps.33,21. 

Niph. n;?j ifut. r\^) to be jofnsd, 

to attach oneself, with Sl$, oy , 
*?« : '•!?« ^r^tj ni^l DgfiD this time 
will my husband be joined unto 
me Gen.29,34j DjgV n;*?i I^B^B Dj 
Assur also is Joined with them 
P8.83,9; T|''^^ \))i] and they shall 
be Joined unto thee Num.18,4. 

HipK m^n {fuL nj^: ; pt n^jni) 

to lend, with accus. D^ijl O^I^Hi 

• • • 

D^j}^ and thou shalt lend unto 
many nations Deut.28,12; fi]{3^ Dt( 
•^S? n» nj.^i3 if thou lend money 
to my people Bx.22,24; pt. n\hn 
one who lendeth, a lender Is.24,L; 
nj^B ^^t^) np n^S the borrower 
is servant to the lender Pr.22,7. 
T^^ I. (fut tS:) to bend, to turn 
away TJ'^yrB \f:^'h^ let them not 
turn away from thine eyes Pr, 
3,2 1. 

Ntph. TiS^ ipt, t'h), c. t*hi, pL 
^^^V^^) prop, to be turned pvay. 




hence: to be perverted, perverse, 
wicked ^^5*51 TiS^ perverse In his 
ways Pr.U*2j bn^^^VC? O'fi 
pervei'se in their ways 2,15; pt, 
as a noun: ?iSj] p^y oppression 
and perverseness Is.30,12. 

Hiph. Vi:^ ifut, V^l) to turn 
away, to depart TI'^yVD W^l hg 
let them not depart from thine 
eyes Pr.4,21. 

X^h )!• ^' hazel (others: almond- 
tree) Geu.30,37. 

Vh MI. pr. n. 2) ancient city of the 
Canaanites, later called TN n^g 
Gen.28,19; Jud.1,23; with H he. 
np^ Gen. 35,6.— 2) another city 
founded by an inhabitant of the 
former Jud.1,26. 

ITI^ Ar. to shine, to glitter, hence: 
to be polished, smooth (an as- 
sumed root fo^ T'^hy 

n^^ ipi nin^b , rfirh) m. i) table, 

tablet, plate of stone or metal 
Ex.24,12; IX.7,36; of the tables of 
the decalogue: iT'^JH rivh the 
tables of the covenant Deut.9,9 
or nnyn rfnS the tables of the 
testimony ExiiaS; fig. 'hv D30? 
?jj5? D^^ write them upon the table 
of thy heart Pr.3,3.— 2) wooden 
plate, plank, board rtnS 3^3J 
hollow with boards Ex.27,8 .. 38*, 
7; dii. Dlp^n*? the boards of ?. ship 
(i. e. the deck) Ez.27,5. 

Ffty^b P^' »*• a city in Moab l8.5,15. 

tJ^nit> (with art. ^ffhu) pr. n. m. 




B^^ iprd. tab ; pt DiS ; pt. p. ^^h , 
f. ^^Jf^h) l) to cover, to wrap, 
with 3 : n^CB^j nplS wrapped in 
a cloth IS.21,10; with hV: CiiSa 
D''58n"^5"^y which covereth all 
the people Is.25,7.— 2) to con- 
ceal, to act secretly; hence pt. pi. 
Clf)^ secret arts, enchantments, 
sorcery Ex.7,22. 

to cover, to wrap, with ?: tDjM 
^13b'5 ''VP ^® wrapped his face 
in his' mantle lK.ig,13. 

tOl*? I. w. covering, veil I2^7n tS*?!! 

Ciprn-Sj-^^y the veil, which cov- 
ereth all the people Is.25,7. 

IDl^, Lot, the son of Haran, 
Abraham's brother Gen. 12,5, the 
ancestor of the Ammonites and 
Moabites 19,37 a. 38, who are there 
fore called D^S ^JJ (the children 
of Lot) Deut.2,9; Ps.83,9. 

"pb P*- »». a son of Seir Gen.36,20. 

^1*? pr* n. Levi, a son of Jacob by 

Leah Gen.29,34, the head of the 
tribe of that name, which was 
set apart for the sacred service 
Num. chap. 3; pair. ^ 1 }? , pi. DJI7 
(for ''^.M D\^3!7) Levite, Levites. ' 

^1^ Ch. pair, Levite, pL Xn^., Kzr. 

n^l*? (from TVh 1) wreath, garland 

fn ^11*? a garland of grace Pr.1,9, 
in^*)^ (from nj7) w. prop, an ani- 

Itt:« ^^ 

mal winding itself, hence: t) ser- 
pent Is 27.11 .Jb.3.^— 9.\ crocodile 




Jb.40,25; as a symbol of Egypt 
Ps. 74,14.— 3) sea-moDster Ps. 

h'^ {redupl, fiom iTiS) m. winding 
stairs, only pi. D^^^S IK.6,8. 

iiht^ , \'?^*? (= ^^ a. tkh) conj, if not 

were it not, unless; coupled with 
pret. ^h T]'^T\ u.^M \:lSfit '•Sl'7 unless 
the God of my father... had been 
with me Qen.31,42; with fut. '•jj^S 
nUK y.lK D83 were it not that I 
feared the wrath of the enemy 
Deut.32,27; with pt -^;ffl \S^S 
K^: ^J8 M.Dp^ln^, were it not that 
I regard the presence of Jeho- 
shaphat 2K.3,14; the apodosis usu- 
ally takes T^ ''5 surely then, ^3 
nns surely now: TK ^9 n^lST ^b^h 

Dyn nSga ij^ania unless thou 

hadst spoken, surely then in the 
morning the people had gone up 

2S.2,27; nn? ''5 ^79'75W ^h^^ 

D198Bnj.UJB^if we'had not lin- 
gered, surely now we had returned 
the second time Qen.43,10. 

rfit^h^b see ^S^*?. 


^^^^ see «!j^b . 


^^^^ f, knot, loop, noose; only pi 
nixi;^ Ex.26,5; c. fllK*?*? v. 4. 

• • • • 

yhh a! \'^i (fromn;^; 'pret. ]h,f. 
H/l^ for ryS Zch.5,4, 1 pi Mb for 

ujS jud.19,13; /-u*. r!?;,ai>. ]!?; , 

]V;, A or poet.]^l, r. 1^5 Jud. 
19,20, Jb.l7,2; pt. ]2 , pi. D''j:. Neh. 
13,21; imp. ^S , pi. ^r,*? ; m^. ]^h , 
X^i , with S : yh^ , ]^S^) prop, to 

adhere, to abide, hence: 1) to re- 
main over night, to pass the 
night, to lodge Dip^ T?^'^''5 ^-H 
r^T ^^T *® there room in thy 
father's house for us to lodge in? 
Qen.24,23; H^^.^n riS ^r^ lodge 
here this night Num.22,8; \3h) 
and let us remain over night 
Jud. 19,13; of a thing kept over 

night: ni5>-ny ^^n-n^n ]^*?;-j<*?i 

neither shall the fat of my sac- 
rifice remain until the morning 
Ex.23,l8; so also n^Vp T^fl'J**? 
^IjjrnS TJip^J T?B^ the 'wages of 
the hireling shall not remain 
with thee all night until the morn- 
ing Lev.19,13; fig. ''33 p^; 2"^^ 
•^|T ^\^b) afc evening weeping 
may come in to lodge, but in the 
morning there is joy Ps. 30,6; 
poet, of the dew: n'^Vj?? T^; Sd 
the dew lay all night upon my 
branch Jb.29,19.— 2) to abide, to 
dwell, to remain, to continue 
]''^n ait25 iB^pj his soul shall 
abide in good Ps.25,13; fig. '^'^KjX? 
fff yh^ in his (the crocodile's) 
neck abideth strength Jb.41,14; 
•^? r^iPl? righteousness dwelled 
therein l8.*l,21; '•n^^irp yh^ ''JJK 
mine error remaineth with my- 
self Jb.19,4. 

Hiph. ]vn [fid. same as Kal 
]\S;) to let remain yh^ ^0^'^^ 
T];> niDfi?n9 nsip? how long 
wilt thou let thy wicked thoughts 
remain with thee? Jer.4,14. 

Hithp. lii^^on (fut ]x^h:^:) to 


abide, to stay ]yhn\ '•'38^ Sxj he 

• • • • 

shall abide under the shadow of 
the Almighty Ps.91,1; ]2^^) vb^. 
)v^-: ^® dwelleth and abideth on 
the rock Jb.30,28. 

^^7 n. ace. Fuerst: to hum, to mur- 
mur {KoL not used). 

Niph. ]'h) (fut. ]i^:) to mutter, 
to murmur, to complain, with S^ : 
against Bx.15,2; Num.14,2; 17,6. 

Hiph. r^n a. Yin ifut, p*?; a. 

]vl''> l>*. l^^B) same as NipK: to 
murmur, to complain, with Sg : 
against ^hv DO^ri^a 18^8 ye who 

• T • • • • 

have murmured against me Num. 
14,29; lySj? ir^O ""J no ^:rji? and 
what are we, that ye murmur 
against us? fc:x.l6,7;-*ips DJ^oiSijl 
Ivy DJ^pD DpU your murmurings 
which ye murmur against him 
V. 8. 

1) to swallow, to gulp down 
\y^\ \r\^\ they shall drink, and 
they shall swallow down Ob.l6.~ 

2) fig. to speak rashly D'Jg C'i?;D 

t8^'3P ^^\ ^' ^® * snare to a man 
v7ho speaketh rashly rf that 
which is holy Pr.20,25; intr. to 
be rash W^ ^^Jl my words are 
rash Jb.6,3 (£ng. Bible: my words 
are swallowed up). 

X>b ipret. Y^ , 2 nvS ; fut ^ii \ 

P^' r^o P^' D^?/.) ^^ mock, to deride, 
to scorn «^0 ^la^T PV!2l ripjn-DJJ 
if thou scornest, thou aU)ne shall 
bear it Pr.9,12; rt ^8-*^? ^V. 



D^Q^Pan ungodly witness scornelh 
(Stb.: perverteth) Justice 19,28; 
pt f i? scorner, mocker Dp.S y!? "^tJ'^ 
)^7j5 17 he that reproveth a scorner 
getteth to himself shame Pr.9,7; 
fig- IJIO Yh wine is a mocker 20,1 

Pi' f^r^ (pt nS to mock; only 
pt pi n^^ph mockers Hos.7,5. 


Hithp. J^X^^PD to be a mocker 
iVylTJTJfrSx be ye not mockers 

mh. r^ri (3 pi ^v^,*?ri ; fut. 

r^i'.pi r?e) v to mock, to 

scorn, to hold in derision D ^ *]X 
n«p-ny '•;v\Sn the proud have 
held me greatly in derision Ps. 
119,51; DtfK pS; D\Sj.tJ fools mock 
at sin Pr.14,9; with ^\ H^n D'^fbh 
P7t ^^ scorneth the scorners Pr, 

mh I. (fut. B^^S;, ap. irS;; imp. f 

"•^^iS i pt f pi. nitf S) to knead 
inypn ny p^ tr^^p after knead- 
ing the dough until it be leavened 
Hos.7,4j nijy '•t^jp "^V^h knead it 
and make cakes Gen. 18,6; "njail 
^^51 nDj5 and she took flour, and 
kneaded it IS.28,24. 

B^^^ II. pr, n. KUb 2S.3,15 for t8^:S, 
which see. 

rH7 Ch. prep, by, with tjpl^ ]P 

from with thee Ezr,4,12. 
T7 see Tjn . 

nr^ (= T^S) to bend, whence n?^ 

riT^, with aW. Tvhn, see ?^n . 

ITJ?, with oW. Vtbn, seeT^D . 




ly^h (c. ^^^'j) f' perverseness n^n 


D^ngi? perverse of lips Pr 4,24. 

H^ (pi D^n^) adj. moist, fresh, 
green nS {^g '•i^f^'jin I have dried 
up the green tree Ez.17,24; D^^jS 
D^p^5^3 D^D^ moist (fresh) grapes, 
or dried Num. 6,3; O^vh D'•^p5 
fresh (i. e. new) cords Jud.16,7. 


n*? M. freshness, vigorj only sf. 
rinS (for in*?) Deut.34,7. 

nn^ to be moist, whence nS, nS, 
and ace. Stb. also ^llS chin, 
Jaw-bone, as receptacle of the 

Q!in^ m. 1) food, meat iD^Sy IRPII 

^D^nS^ and he shall rain upon 
them with his food (i. e. with 
what shall be the food of the 
wicked, fire and brimstone) Jb. 
20,23.— 2) flesh, body Zph.1,17, 
where DD'?- ^^^ D^^n?. 
Hn / (= nnS) to be moist, fresh. 

jaw-bone Jud.15,15; Is.30,28.-- 2) 
cheek Cant.5,13;Lam 1,2; 'hv Hjn 
W or '•fj/ '"'S'? ^0 smite one upon 
the cheek, to give a box on the 
ear (frequently in a figurative 
sense) lK.22,24j Mic.9,14; Ps 3,8.— 
3) pr, n. a place on the borders 
of Philistia and Judah Jud.15,9, 
fully Vi nO^ V. 17. 

'jmh (tnf. rp^) to lick, to lick up, 

to eat off nn^n p^ fiK ^''ts^n rfn^? 

as the ox licketh up the grass 
of the field Num.22,4 

Pi. ?inS (fut. r\rh:) i) to lick 

B^p|3 ngy ^y&\ they shall lick 
the dust like a serpent Mic.7,17i 
fig. Ifiy ?lDi? to lick the dust, i. e. 
to prostrate oneself as a sup* 
pliant Ps.72,9; so also 1SS TjnS 
••♦\?'J^ to lick the dust of one's 
feet 18.49,23.— 2) to lick up, to 
devour, to consume ^'^ul\ Hflg 

^rob'^wSj-ns %pr\ noV shall 

this company lick up (i. e. con* 
sume) all that is found about us 
Num. 22, 4; of fire consuming 

water: njn*? nSyna-^ig^g D:Bn-nj<5 

and it licked up the water that 
was in the trench IK. 18,38. 

urb I. (M- Do^: ; pt. nth ; i>«. p. 

D^nS , pi c. '•gnS ; inf. DhS 1) to 
eat, to consume y^l Dn7 ^DD ' 

• • • 9 9 

they eat the food of wickedness 
Pr. 4, 17; '?<^iD-n^ dnH 3j?0 "9 
when thou slttest to eat with a 

ruler 23,1; n Dnjj-nS Dn*?]? Sk 

• • • , 

]\V eat not the bread of him that 
hath an evil eye 23,6; with 2 : 
of Dn^B8J53 nvh^ hi^ and let me 

• • • • • 

not eat of their dainties Ps.141,4; 
^Dn^J M2ti2 ^2*? come eat of my 
bread Pr.9,5; fig. s\f'^ ''Crh} and 
devoured with burning heat Deut. 

nnb II. ifut. on*?: ; pt on^ , pi. 

D^PqS; tmp. Dn*7; inf. DP?, with 
7 : on^^) prop, to consume (= 
DO? I.), hence: to destroy, to 
fight, to mak« war (with accua. 

OntJ 333 


or h) 'On'?"ng DD^ fight against 
them that fight against me Ps. 
35,1; '»'? D^pri^ D''^:) they are many 
that fight against me 56,3. 

»»i>. Dn^n ; inf, dn^i , dd^h) to 

fight, to make war IK npofj let 
us fight together 18.17,10$' with 
Oy , 2 , n§ (-ipjjj) : to fight with 
or against 18.17,32: Ex.1,10; Jer. 
21,5; wjth h^ Jer.l,19j once with 
«/". M^DQ^IJ and they fought 
against me Ps. 109,3; with *?,*r$ : 
to fight for n^h nrf^: ;; the Lord 
shall fight for you Bx.U,U; '1^8 
DJ'iR 'i^ Orhi in that my father 
fought for you Jud.9,17; ^DO^ni 
cyAlK n^S"*?? and fight for yonr 
master's house 2K. 10, 3; Dd'tJ 
npp^ to fight a hattle iS.8,2b; 
of a place also with hv : ngainst 
np?7 vj Dn*?j warring against 
Libnah 2K.9,8; Is.7,li Jer.34,22. 
nnh (from DnS I.; a Dfj^ ; af. ^DH^ , 
TjCn^ , tollS) m. i; bread, food, 

• • • * I * 

provision, victuals "'?^7 DH'? jpij 
*1|^^ he giveth food to all flesh 
Ps.136,25; n6hv DqS Solomon's 
provision IK.5,'2; *6 Sdk urt he 

• • • 

appointed him victuals 5,18; ns^I? 
Din5 to make a feast Ec.lO,I9; 
^W2 ^S^ who eateth my bread 
Ps.41,10; poet. Ob. 7 ?|pnS for 
71?D^ ^P48 they that eat thy bread, 
i.e. thy friends; Jer.11,19 yy, 
ton^? the tree with its food, i. e. 
its fruit (ace. Fuerst: the tree in 
its sap = vh YV.)-- 2) baked 


bread D.^PJ Orr bread and water 
lK.18,4j D^Jpn'oinS the bread of 
the presence (Eng. Bible: shew- 
bread), i. e. the twelve loaves 
set out by the priests every sab- 
bath in two rows upon a table 
in the sanctuary Ex.25,30; later 
called njjgsn DqS row- bread 
Neh.10,34;' Dli? ^2? a loaf of bread 
29,23; 0\i; n^n cake of bread ib.; 
with omission of 1J? , as: DgIj ^{?B^ 
two loaves of bread 1S.10;4.— 
3) bread-corn, grain p^V DQ^ 
bread-corn is crushed ls.28,28; 
cpj? Y'y^ * ^^^^ 0^ bread-corn 
2K.18,32 a. Is.36,17. 

on*? (from DO^ II., c. nrh) w. war, 
siege D***]^^ DQ^ ?^ then was wai 
of the gates (i. e. war in the 
gates) Jud.5,8. 

Dn^ Ch. m. food, feast Dan.5,1. 
V : 


^pn]? pr. n. m. lClir.20,5, for which 
28.21,19 ''POi'Dn'^a, gent of n^3 



DOn^ pr, n. a place in Judah Jos. 

n|n^ Ch. iaf. nDjn^, !i5jn^) f. 

concubine Dan.5,2. 

Vnh (/w. YOb); vt ^rh, pi, d^D*?) 

to crush, to press, to force •••PD?];!] 
Tpn 7{Jand she crushed... against 
the wail Num.22,25; ''^b^'Q ^Vnh*J 
n^nrj |n-^J?-nN. and the Amorites 
forced the children of Dan into 
the mountain Jud.1,34; with 2: 
to press with n^^i ^W DJJ)Vn^^ 
and press him (Eng. Bible: hold 





him fast) with the door 2K.6,32; 
fig, to oppress PQTO ^^ *^Xi and 
a stranger shalt thou not op- 
press Ex. 23,0. 

Niph. f'n'74 {/W. YXiY^ to press 
or force oneself n^i5n-S{< f^n^pj 
and she forced herself against 
the wall Num.22,25. 
^n^ C^ yrh ; 8f, ^Xn!2) »». oppres- 
sion, affliction £x.3,9; Jb.36,15; 
with genitive of the object: (^02 
^U^l?! t^6 oppression of Israel, 
1. e. which Israel suffers 2K.13,4; 
with genitive of the subject: (^n^ 
D^Ik tho oppression of the enemy, 
i. e. which the enemy causes Ps. 
42,10-, f*nS urt bread of afflic- 
tion, i. e. scanty food, as in time 
of distress IK.22,27; in the same 
sense also (^n^ D^Q water of af- 
fliction Is.30,20. 

{t^'n*? to hiss, to hum {Kal not used). 

Pi. irn^ (of. B^n^P) to whisper, 
to mutter incantations, to charm 
D''?^n!2P 'V ^^® voice of charmers 

B^nS/JP) to whisper among them- 
selves 28.12,19; with hv : '•^y ini 
^^u2Pl they whisper together 
against me Ps.41,8. 

E^nt^ C^ ^nS ; pi D^irn'?) w. prop. 

whisper, hence: i^ enchantment, 
charm, spell 'KlS^ C*g|n TjV^DN 
t^O^ if a serpent bite without en- 
chantment Ec.lO, 1 1.— 5*^ whispered 
prayer toS TJ-JD^D B^nS ]^p^ they 
poured out a whispered prayer 

when thy chastening was upon 
them Is.26,16.— 3) only pi. O^^rh 
prop, charms, hence: amulets 
(worn by women as ornaments) 
Is. 3,20. 
u? w. (prop, pt of tDH) secrecy 

D^3 secretly lS.18,22; R.3,7; pl^ 
D^Q7 secret arts, enchantments, 

8f. an;B*j Ex.8,3 (= Drj^eqS 7,11). 

137 m. ladanum (a fragrant resin) 

KI9^ to stick, to adhere. 
nXB*? f. a species of lizard climb- 

T T ; 

ing on walls Lev.11,30. 
D^B*^13*? pr. n. pi. an Arabian tribe 

descended from Dedan Oen.25,3. 
&*B^ (fut. B^tD^; ; pt B^fiS ; inf, B^itS^J 

— T • • 

1) to hammer, to forge; pt, arti- 
ficer Sna^ r.^u) \^iprh^ b^dS a 

forger of every tool of copper 
and iron Gen.4,22. — 2) to sharpen, 
to whet ritt':^, la^n he will whet 
his sword Ps.7,13; fig. VJ'»g B^te^ 
V he sharpeneth his eyes (i. e. 
sendelh threatening looks) at me 
Pu. re^ (pt. B'C)?C) to be sharp- 

• • • 

ened, whetted B*a^p *1S0? as a 

• '. • • 

sharpened razor Ps.52,4. 
• • . •• 

n^*? (only pi ni^'T) /*. wreath, gar- 
land (in architecture) nj?gD ni^S 
TJID wreaths of hanging work, 
festoons IX.7,29. 

h'i , ^'b. a. n^:,S (c. ^^^ ; 1,1. niS^b 

m. night Is.16,3; 15,1; cn^ay S'-jj 
a night of observance Ex.12,42; 

t: •• 


T : 

in-B^j5i>n *r^S the nigbt of the 
celebration of a festival 18.30,29; 
in« nSjS? in one night Qen.40,5; 
^\^h>h nh^f three nights IS.30,12; 
n^^5 D^y^ilit forty nights Qen.7, 
4; nJ>:^L! ^h midnight R.3,8; ]lB^''« 
n?^? the darkness of the night 
Pr.7,9; n^?^"l? Jon.4,10 see under 
]3 J as adv,: by night Dg\*?8 pSnn 
n^:!2 and he divided himself (his 
men) against them by night Oen. 
14,15; n^rij D^i^ by day and night 
Kx.l3.2irDn n^^h l8.27,8 or HtS 
Dp1^3 34,10 night and day; n^:,5b 
this ' night Gen.10,5; R.3,13; 'fig, 
misfortune |npQ Djij .1^;^ night 
shall be unto you, that ye shall 
not have a vision Mlo.3,6. 
N^^^^ Ch. m. night Dan.2,l9. 

T! •• 

V see 

I i 

^ r ? f' P'^P- ^^^ nightly one 
(from 9j|5), hence: owl Is.34,I4.— 
In later Jewish demonology r^^**? 
denotes a nlgbt-spectra in the 
form of a female who lies in 
wait for children by night. 

i;^b I. m lion Is.30,6} Jb.4,11. 


tSr*^*? II. pr. n. a place on the north- 
ern boundary of Palestine Jud.18, 
7, identical with D|r*2 Jos.l9,47; 
it was destroyed by the Danltes 
and named ]T Jud. 18,29. 

15^ {fut ^2^: ; pi ns*? ; imp. af. 
nipS ; inf. 13^ , i3^) 1) to catch, 

• • • • • 

to take, to seize, to capture, to 
take captive Jud.15,4; IS.14,47; 

Jer.4,32; lChr.l8,4i fy. D^tjjq ^5^ 
CZ;^y| he taketh the wise in 
their own craftiness Jb. 5, 13; 

y^jn ngt i:i3^: VQliiig his own 

iniquities shall take the wicked 
Pr.5,22.~ 2) to take, to choose 

by lot ;'; ^a-j9^n??8 tD3«?o the 

tribe which the Lord shall take 

(1. e. choose) Jos.7,14. 

Niph. ISS; ifut. -13^: ; pt nj^j) 

1) to be caught, taken, captured 

Lam.4,20; Jer.51,56; IK.16,18; fig. 

to snare Tl^r^tlP^** 013*? J thou 
* • • • • • 

art taken (snared) with the words 
of thy mouth Pr.6,2.— 2) to be 
taken by lot IS. 14,42. 

mhp. nsiscn If^- iS^Ol) to 

hold together, to be Interlocked 
nnpo: «S) n?!?o; they (the scales 
of the crocodile) are Interlocked, 
that they cannot be severed Jb. 
41,9; of freezing water: Dino ^^59 
nj^ilj the surface of the deep 
holdeth together (1. e. is frozen) 
^^h ♦». capture Pr.3,26. 

rij? I- «*wp. of ?lzn (which see), 
used as interj. of. encouragement: 
come! n^^p '*'p'7?P HpScome, let us 
make a covenant Gen.31,44; H^S 
]:i ^rjK-nW n[^.RJ come, let us 
make our father drink wine 19, 
32; sometimes without H : T]7 Num. 
23,13; Jud.19,13; 2Chr. 25,17; pi 
njSjl ^2h come, let us go IS.9,9. 

• • • • 

r\2h 11- for TlS CO thee Gen.27,37. 
T : 




Hi/ JP*"* **■ a place in Judah IClir. 

il^O*? jpr. n. a city in the plain of 

Judah Jo8.10,3. , ' 
7^7 see under ]3. 

ne^ iM^ ^B^! , pi. np^: ; pt p. 

yoh J mf. nto^ , 10^5 , 8f. ''ipS) 

to learn, to study HJJ?!! '•i^loS '>i!^ 
I learned not wisdom Pr.30,3; 
?I^i^ ^C'?^. 188^ that I might learn 

thy statutes PsJlQ,?!; ::B\n npi? 


learn ye to do well l8.1,175 pt, p, 
learned, trained, skilled ^H^D^ 
T\'Qrh^ trained in war lChr.5,18; 
followed by mf. or .g: to ac- 
custom oneself n^T.^ "IP^I lJ?Sb 
J.'i'riK that he may learn (i. e. 
accustom himself) to fear the 
Lord Deut.17,19; -Sw Dli^ri "^TT^^ 
np7i? learn not \\. e. accustom 
not yourselves to) the way of the 
heathen Jer.10,2. 

Pi. ngS a. ne^ (/w. itjS; , -neS; -, 

pt. ng^P; iwip. a. inf. Hg?) prop, 
to cause to learn, hence: to teach, 
to instruct, to accustom, to train; 
with accua.i D^H-nK n?3"18b he 
tcught the people knowledge Ec, 

12,0; D'^p^K t]!!?y Dfii< P787 ;?« 

&^K*l7 thou hast taught (accus- 
tomed) them to be leaders over 
thee Jer. 13,21; with 7 of the per- 
son: nrviel?] ^K^D shall he 
teach God knowledge? Jb.21,22; 
with h of the object; T};1nS TllS^p 
who teacheth thee that which is 

useful Is.48,17 (Bng. Bible: who 
teacheth thee to profit); nj IJJ^P 
npQ^piS he teacheth my hands 
to war 28.22,35; with 1 of the 
object: to instruct i j n^N? ^nnpt?! 

• • • 

D^C^P and he instructed him in 
the path of judgment Is.40,14; p^ 
ng^p teacher, instructor Pr.5,13. 

Fu. Msh ilpt. ng*??) to be taught, 
instructed, trained, expert "Hg^D 
^^^ instructed in singing IChr. 
25,7; nijn -.p np^P expert in war 
Cant.3,8; njf^ «^ ''Jp.y. an untrained 
(1. e. untamed) bullock Jer.31,17; 
njP^P n^^SJ a well trained heif- 
er kos.10,11, of that in which 
one is instructed: D^^^K niVP 
nnip'pp the precept of men ac-* 
quired by instruction Is.29,13. 

no^ , npS , ngS , see n?} . 

ID^ Voet. for ^ , as toj for $ , to2 
• • « • • 

for $ , see to . 
Id*? 1>o«*- fo r DHJ , see under "S. 

IT * ^ • 

7NlD/ P»". ♦»• name of an unknown 
king Pr.31,4, for which 31,1 hwnh . 

TiBt> a. neS (pi. onie'? , c. nis^) 

a(2j. taught, accustomed, trained ^ 
learned "IJIP ipS K^§ a wild asM 
accustomed to the wilderness Jer 
2,24; ynn '•ipS that are accus- 
tomed to do 'evil 13,23; ]W^^ 
D^'J^Dy t-he tongue of the learned 
Is. 50,4; as a noun: one learned, 
a disciple J.1 ^l^Sv disciples of 
the Lord Is. 54, 13; •'Tjin Dinq 
^'^7? seal the law among my 
disciples 8,16. 






pr. n. 1) a son of Methusaei, 

a descendant of Cain Gen.4,18 — 
24.— 2) a descendant of Seth, 
father of Noah Gen,5,25— -31. 
ID^ see |P. 

]»a^ see ]?p . 

y? (from nh to swallow) w, gul- 
let, throat Pr.23,2. 
Dl^^ to jest {Kal not used). 

"^B^pA. a^vS? (1>*. ^^V^B) to mock 
at, with 3 :'''5S'?S5 D'W^O ^'TO 
Q^9^.^.? ^"^^ they mocked at the 

• • • 

messengers of Ood 2Chr.36,16. 

ysh (/w. Js"?: ; -a js^S to uugh, 

to mock to^ ^^Sil they laugh 
among themselves Ps.80,7; il?? 
^*? JIJjS every one mocketh me Jer! 

Nvph. y^\ to stammer; pt. c 
ptfS yj^i of a stammering tongue 

Hiph. rv^.7 {fut. }^v)l ; i'*- 
rv'pQ) same as Kal: to laugh, to 
mock Jb.21,3; with ^S, V or ?: to 
laugh at Neh.3,33; P8.22,8: 2Chr. 
yob adj, mocking, deriding V.5?i 
jtyu cake-mockers, 1. e. parasites 
who earn their bread by jesting 

}Vb («/*. ^iVh) w. 1) stammering 

-I- J • 

n^^ V.Sr^ in stammering speech 
18.28,11.— 2) scorn, mockery Ps. 
79,4; fig. D^.l|3 :?!2-nne^; he drink- 
eth scorning like water Jb.34,7. 
Ij;^ see ng . 

rr^x?'? K. n. w. ichr.4,21. 

t; - 


X^V^ P^' w. i> a person mentioned 

in lChr.7,26. — 2) another person 

n»^ see V\h . 

T T ' 

W7 (l>*- ^S^) prop, to stammer, to 

speak unintelligibly, hence: to 
speak a foreign language T^? U^ 
a people of a strange language 
n^y*? Is.50,4 see nV . 

tQV'P to eat eagerly, to swallow 

{Kal not used). 

Hiph. tS'^y'rn to give to eat; only 

once N^ ^^tJ^pS? give me to eat, 

I pray Gen.25,'30. 

*l'Ob in Ar. to curse, whence the 

next word. 

nJX?*? /• a bitter herb, wormwood 

Jer.0,14; Pr.5,4; fig. of a hard lot 
or misfortune Jer.9,14; Lam.3,15- 
*Tfi7 to flame, to shine. 

Tsh ipi- D''Te!z a. one!? , c n;^!:) m. 

torch, flame Gen.15,17; Jud 15,4 

a. 5; of lightning Ex.20,18; for 

Tg^ Jb.12,5 see Tg. 
nlTS*P p^' ^- husband of Deborah 

the prophetess Jud.4,4. 
^3St> see D'^je . 

• • • • • 

^3£^ IK.6,17 see ^Ig . 

flfib ifut. nsi?!) to wind around, to 

-T • 

embrace Jud. 16,29* 

Niph. ng^j {fut, ng^:) i; to be 

turned aside DJ^l ninK ^n?^? 



the paths of their way are turned 
aside Jb.6,18.— 2) to step back 
from fear nj^Jl B^^t^H nnrij.1 and 
the man was afraid and stepped 
back R.3,8. 

\[ib m. mocking, scorn Pr. 1,22; 
]ivJ>^??J8 scornful men 18.28,14; 

yih see Y^^ . 

Q^P'p pr, n. a place in Naphtali 

np^ (once nn Bz.17,5 for ni2S and 

once */. DnJ5Ho8.11,3 for Dpfj!? '» 

fut. nis:; pt. DJ^!?. pi- Q^Hii'?; inip. 

npi^, /*. Viii 1 more frequently 
n(l*, npfj , f'^np ; w/*. np^ , verb. n. 
nOijL, once "nD^ 2K.J2,9, sf. "^S^rj^ , 
1\rjnjl>) 1) to take, with accua, Ex. 
7,9; Is.23,l6; with accus. of person 
and 3 of member; to take by 
^5^^n nV75 ''JDi??! and he took 
me by a forelock of my head 
Ez.8,3; n^^ npfj to take into one's 
hand, frequently in the meaning 
of to take along with, as food 
for a Journey Jos.9,11, or men 
Jer.38,10; iny nj5^ to take a gift 
(bribe) Ex.23,8; .If tj njjS to take 
a wife, to marry a woman Num. 
12,1; sometimes rijlS merely serves 
to present another action more 
vividly: ^Wn nj2^ DiS^5« Ab- 
salom had taken and reared up 
for himself 2S.18,18;DfB^^ U''Ty^^h7\ 
DKj ^DKJ^l who take their tongues 
and pronounce oracles Jer.23,31.— 
^ to receive, to accept ^npS 


Dri'?n5 they have received their 
inheritance Num.34, 14; T? ^Pi?f 
DJ^P? J.1 she hath received of the 
Lord's 'hand double Is.40,2; J*! 
njjt ^0/?f' ^^© Lord will accept 
my prayer P8.6,10; "Ig^D rijlS to 
receive instruction Pr.24,32; fig. 
to perceive llj^ {^Qg^ ^jm ni5ni 
and mine ear perceived a little 
thereof J b 4,12.— 5^ to take away, 
to take possession of, to capture 
Q^rl'?^. ^r\l^ HjlS God hnd taken 
him away Gen.5,24j ?I0?1? n/^M 
and he hath taken away thy 
blessing 27,35; "H^ h^'yf\ npS 
^¥1^^ Israel took away (i e. took 
possession of) my lan'd 2S.4,6; 
fig, to captivate, to win rfci'gj npS 
D^n and he that winneth souls 
is wise Pr. 11,30; n'^fiypg? ?IDi5*T*r8 
let her not take (captivate) thee 
with her eyelids 6,25.— 4) to 
procure, to buy l"in[5ni Hl^ n^p] 
she thinketh of a field and buy- 

eth it Pr.31,16; ^in-nj? ^«J r{\r[^ 

D"'fi2n \njjS r\\'Sl and they came 
thither into the interior of thf 
house, as buyers of wheat 2S. 
4,6 (Eng. Bible: as though they 
would have fetched wheat).— 
5) to fetch, to bring DB^p \'^"ngl 
and fetch me from thence Gen. 
27,9; ''I?B ini< npj. rhj^i send and 
fetch him unto me IS.20,31: "^njj 
I.42P ^^ bring me a minstrel 2K. 

iv^^^. ni2*?^ (/w. n^\ ; inf. np^n) 

1) to be taken or seized, to be taken 
away Vi^h^ D^rlSp. I^ip and the 




ark of God was taken away IS.4,11; 
Hi^Sj ^3^83 he is taken away (re- 
moved by death) in his iniquity 

Ez.33,6; injj^n Di^3 dn nrh hot 

bread in the day when it was 
taken away (from the table) IS. 
?i,7.— 2) to bring, with *:g : njl^ITI 
n^gQ ri''2.-S^ n{n(pfc< and Esther was 
brought unto the king's house 

Pi*, ng'? (for fut, see Hoph.) 1) 
to be taken D^D nj^? *1S?R whence 
be was taken Gen.3,23.— 2) to be 
taken away, to be snatched away 

WW nEi> ^ni< n«nr-Dt< if thou 

• • • • 

see me when I am taken (snatched) 
away from thee 2K.2,iO; *l^'i^Q 
n[|/ D^C^tpQ^ through oppression 
und through Judicial punishment 
was he taken away Is.53,8 (Stb.: 
he was deprived of defence and 
of judgment).— 4) to be carried 

away ^5f 3 ?]^J5 ^^^^, '^y ®^"^ 
are carried away into captivity 
Jer.4^46; U\n ^^V n[iS-''5 that my 
people is carried away for nought 

Hoph. nj?rj (only fut nj5J , also 
considered as fut, of Pu.) i) to be 
taken ni^t ngrD SpJ iron is taken 
out of the earth Jb.28,2. - 2) to 

be taken away O^'^^O *1^2|D HiTn. 

• • •. • 

shall prey be taken away fn^m 
the mighty? Is,49,24.-- H) to be 
brought, fetched D:B"t28P ^T'^l^' 
let a little water, I pray, be 
fetched Gen. 18,4. 

to take hold on itself; ^g, of 

lightning! HD^Hip ^}^\ and a fire 
taking hold on itself, i. e. continU' 
ally flashing Ex. 0, 24; Ez 1,4 
(other renderings: a whirling fire, 
a flaming fire; Eng. Bible in Ex.: 
and fire was mingled [with the 
hail]; in Ez.: and a fire infolding 

r?p^ («/*. ^npS »» prop, recelvinp^ 
hence: 1) learning, instruction^ 
doctrine Pr.4,2; Deut.32,2.— 2) 
captivating speech Pr.7,21. 

^T\Th pr. n. m. lChr.7.19. 
• I: • 

V^pi (fut. dp)) ; inf. dp)) to gather, 

to collect, to glean Gen.31,46 
(stones); Cant.d,2 (flowers); R.2,8 
(ears of grain). 

Pi. Cj?.'? ifut. ^^^\ ; pt. tDiP.^9 ; 
inf. t:j5"2) same as Ked Gen.47,14; 
R.2,2 a. 19. 

Pu t:i?^ (fut. Di?*?:) to be gath. 

ered ins'nnK*? ^Dg'pr) ye shall be 
• • • ' • • • 

gathered one by one Is.27,12. 

Hithp. tsj^hrin {fut. D,?io:) to 

gather themselves together, with 
7^: to any one Jud.11,3. 

an^ t». gleaning ^fp DjjS the 
gleanings of harvest Lev.10,0, 

pf55 (/"ti*. p^i , pl. ^p)l) to lick, to 
lap IK.21,19; Jud.7,5. 

Pi- pi?.*? (l>< pp.19) sanie as Kdt 

tyn^ to be late, whence B^ip^D lat- 

L *' 

ter rain, B^p.7 after-grass {Kal not 

Pi B^iji {ffU. trpip to gather 




the late fruits 1B^i?5l V^l DTi3 
they gather the vintage of the 
wicked Jb.24,6. 

t^Tp t». after-grass, after-math Am. 


*T2r'^ in Ar. to lick, to suck. 

*TK^^ fiu 1) juice, sap (of life), vigor 

nS^/ TJgn^ my life-Juice is changed 
(1. e. dried up) P6.32,4.— 2) fat 
cake ]9^0 ^^7 ^ '^.t cake of oil 
Num. 11,8. 
)1B'^ (from mh ; c. \St\ , af, ''JitT^ ; 

pi rS:l^\ , «/*. Dpib^^) f, (m. Ps. 

22,16 a. *Pr.26,28) ij the tongue, 
as a member of the body Jud.7,5; 
as an instrument of speech Ps. 
30,4; here belong the expressions: 
*l|l.^ pB^^ a lying tongue Pr. 12,19; 
iTp*) jilT^ a deceitful tongue Ps. 
120,2; nl^ena llty*? a perverse 
tongue Pr.i6,30; ]1tr^ C^^tJ a man 
of an [evil] tongue Ps.l40,12; Sm 
\Sth Ec. 10,11 ace. Vulgate: slan- 
derer ; \y^^ njj of a slow, i. e. 
stammering tongue Ex.4, 10; Jll^yj 
]^tS^^ of a stammering tongue Is. 
33,19.— 2) tongue, language, 
speech 0^*1^3 ^w} the language 
of the Chaldeans' Dan.1,4; jiB^S 
rslDK another (i. e. foreign) lan- 
guage l8.28,ll; i:^B^^? DV}°8"'^?. 
to every people after their lan- 
guage E8t.l,22; hence as a syno- 
nym with ^i:i (people): Dlijn-*^^ 
rOlT^nj ali nations and tongues 
Is.66,18.— 5) of things resembling 
a tongufl, as: ^^ J1(S^^ a tongue 

of lire, i. e. a flame l6.5,24; ]itS^S 
^J a tongue of gold, i. e. a bar 
of gold Jos.7,21; DJ. jiB^S a tongue 
of the sea, i. e. a bay Is.11,15, or 
simply |lB^!j Jos.15,2. 


*]2'*'? to abide, to dwell (Fuerst). 

nSty*? /". cell, room, chamber Bz. 
40,38; Neh.13,5 (=nj)?^;, which 
see); c. nj^*? 2K.23,llj*i>Z. nl3^^ 
£z.40,17, c.'niDB^^ Neh.10,38; with 
n loc, npjJtS^^ IS.9,22. 

□1P7 m. i) a species of gem Ex.28, 


19; 39, 12; ace. some: Jacinth, 
others: opal.— 2) pr, n. a city, 
elsewhere called B» i^ and |5 » 
which see. 
W^ {den, from |it5^S) to use the 

tongtie {Kal not used). 

Pi. VS^ to slander; pt ^i?^^9 
who slandereth Ps. 101,5 (for 

>yfhq = ]??|?9 ; KtA ^ifh^). 

ml • 

P^;B) to slander, to calumniate 
(with Sk : before) Pr.30,10. 

]B^^ Ch. {def, ^f} ; def. pi K^i^^) 
m. tongue, language Dan.3,4; 7,14. 

V^y ^ ^ypJ P^' ^' ^ city east of 
the Dead Sea Gen.10,19; ace. Targ. 
and others Callirhoe, which was 
celebrated for its warm springs. 

n^ is.4,19 for n.-jS, see nS;, 

nn*? ace. Stb. prob. to contain, to 
comprise, whence niTTI^p. , 

m. measure for grain (= half 

of a is or noh) Hos.3,2. 
J?J1/ ace. Ges. to bite, whence n^n^Q. 




O, final form D, the thirteenth let- 
ter of the alphabet, called Mem 
D^Q = D^Q water, because of its 
original similarity to the form 
of a wave; as a numeral D = 40, 

"TO, "p pref. for HOi »^9, see 

under T\1^. 
-Q 1 *B Iw^A 'or ]t} , which see. 

KQCh. (;j)|)ron. what, some- 
thing n'HD that which Ezr.6,8. 
DUKQ (trom D^^) m. granary, store- 

house, only pLaf, iTQ^^BB Jer.50,26 
TMO V^' might, power,strength?9$ 

;i^i<Q with all thy might Deut.6,5; 
2K.23,25.— ;9;a(2v.ezceedlDgly,very 
1i<P nto very good Gen. 1,31; nS^lH 
1i<Q exceedingly great 15,1; HQyy^^ 
"'^P ^\'2yi with the very great 
abundance of thy enchantments Is. 
47,9.-5; quiclcly, readily nhp Tifl 
come downquiclcly 18.20,10; H^PJ 
IKP he is readily found Ps. 46, 2: 

INp-ny, nNlJ? ny exceedingly 
Gen.27,33; 2Chr.l6,14; IKD INP? 
very exceedingly Gen.17,2. 

PINO tc ngp ; pi niwp) /*. i; a 

hundred njB^ MgD or nfff nSP a 
hundred years Gen. 17,17; 25,7; 
du, D^JDKD two hundred 11,23; as 
adv: a hundred times 9^p5 rfSHQ 
n^p than to strike a fool a hun- 
dred times Pr. 17,10; WpH n;^K 
'^SP y*J n^y though a sinner do 

evil a hundred times Ec.8,12.— 
2) the hundredth part, per centum 
^Q^'? rittp the hundredth part of 
the money Neh.5,11.— 3) ^^^p 
HKp pr, «. of a tower in Jeru- 
salem Neh.3,1; 12,30. 

HKC Ch. a hundred Dan.6,12; dv 

l!pwp two hundred Kzr.6,17, 
^ase see 9m . 

^IKD (from niK) m. desire, only pi 
c. \*.1J5.P Ps.140,0. 

D^KD ♦»• ^; = C^15 spot, blemish, 
defect Dan. 1, 4. — ^; = H^^Kp 
whatever, something, anything 
Jb.31,7 (comp. Deut.13,18). 

nO^KD (prob. a compound of "Pip 

T I : 

n^^) pron. whatever, something, 

anything Ht^^Kp ^g^ to speak 
anything Num 22,38; toNQ 'iinn^; 
ni^^((p and I will take something 
from 'him 2K.5,20; 71815 ^WD "•? 
np^Xp DK^P wnen thou dost lend 
thy brother anything as a loan 
(literally: a loan of anything) 
Deut.24,10,' with a negative par- 
ticle: not anything, nothing K?1 
np^wp TJT? pzy^ there shall not 
cleave anything (cleave nothing) 
to thy hand Deut.13,18; fe^SQ-^B 
HDIKp i? do him nothing (i. e. no 
harm) Jer.30,12inp^Np yT'^K B^\S 
*l5^n"n^ let no man know any- 
thing of the business IS.21,3; ]^K 
nijI^KP there is nothing IK.18,43; 




iT5 l^rj niJ^KlJl and he had noth- 
ing in his hand Jud.14,6; n^ ]\K 

the keeper of the prison looked 
not to anything- at all that was 
under his hand Gen.39,23. 

DiND (from DK!}) m. refuse, any- 
thing contemptible Lam.345. 
11ND (c. niwp ; pi Dn.Kp , ni1K5^ 

m. i; light, lighting "liK?? ]1$^ 
oil for the light Kx.25,6; nnj:? 
niK^n the candlestick of the light 
Num.4,0; fig. brightness, cheerful- 
ness n^rV. "I^^e the light of the 


eyes, i. e. bright eyes Pr. 15,30; 
DVp niKQ the light of the coun- 
tenance, i. e. cheerful counte- 
nance Ps.90,8.— <2^ light, luminary 
Ps.74,16; of the sun and moon: 

D''?ni!J nnkl?n ^ip the two great 
• • • 

lights Gen. 1,16; of the other celes- 
tial lights: DJOB^S n^K ^^^^9 the 
bright lights of heaven Ez.32,8. 

m^ND (c. ni^K?) /•. hole, cave Is. 
U,8 (prop, place of light, open- 
ing, from *l1«). 

Wi^HO (from m I.J c. ^^?»*D) /•. du. 
pair of scales, balance Jer.32,10; 
more fully ^{^t?23 ^Jt^D balances 
for weighing Ez. 5,*1; pi^ "^Xitkn | 
Just balances Lev. 19,36j vi^D 1 
np*3lj false balance Pr.11,1. | 

nii^D Ch. /•. dw. balance Dan.5,27. 

>^KD (from ?3K; c. ^3KB , */*. 

"^^SKB , D??3KB) m. (once /*. Hab. 

1,16) eatable, food Qen.6,21; Jud. 

14,14; *558D YV. a tree for food 
(i. e. a tree bearing edible fruit) 
Lev.l9,23j "JjSB ]NV sheep for food 
(1. e. sheep appointed for slaugh- 
ter) Ps.44,12. 

n^iND (from 93X) f, food nSbKB? 

rjj as food (fuel) for the fire Is. 
nt^iSO {tTom ?3K to devour) f. 

knife Gen. 22, 10; fig, ni'JjBQ 
V^'j^^Cip its teeth are as knives 

[^DNO (from f'DW) w. power, ex- 
ertion; only pi. c. no"\VBBD ex- 
ertions of strength, efforts Jb« 

^DKD (from IfiK ; c. njJBB^ m. com- 

T -; - T 

mandment, decree Est.1,15; 2,20; 

^DKD Ch. m. decree, command- 

ment Dan.4,14. 
]SD (only pt. ]^U) to refuse, to be 

unwilling n^C'*? HflK ]Jjp DK if 

thou refuse to let [them] go Ex. 


Pi. ]ND (/"wi. ]fJD:) same as Kd: 
nvn nht": IBP he Vefuseth to let 
the people go Ex.7,14; D^SH njKQ 
thou refusedst to be ashamed 
Jer.3,3; fl^nK ]KD1 IKIJ-DW if her 
father utterly refuse Ex.22,16. 

]K15 (pZ. D^JKD) adj. unwilling, re 

fusing ''!l3Tn» ^"^^V^ D''J8??n who 

• • • « • 

are unwilling to hear my word9 

]«e Ch, ipl pND, c. ^;!K9, def 


- T 


T : 

H^K!;^) m. vessel, utensil DaD.5,3; 

or Di<l} , af. DJPWD) to despise, to 
contemn, to reject, to refuse DSPN 
^»n I would despise my life Jb. 
9^21; ^;?9D}5 D8l?« p-^r therefore 
I despise linyself], and repent 42, 
6; D^*iy DKD he hath despised the 
cities Is.33,8; nSpiJ V^BP I liave 
rejected him from reigning IS. 
16,1 ; with 2 : D^? ;! DKD ^? be- 
cause the Lord hath rejected them 
Jer.6,30; y^2 D^WI} to refuse the 
evil Is.7,l5rV /"• ^9^0 t3?!? the 
rod that contemneth (i. e. the ir- 
resistible rod) Ez.2l,18. 

Niph. DSW {fut. DB?: ; pt D^PJ) 
i; to be despised, rejected n.lW 
ONpJ vyg? in his eyes a despic- 
able person is despised Ps.15,4; 
OKJO ^? DHWJ n^Sl and a wife 
of youth, that was rejected Is.54. 
e.-« 2) to be loathsome yi'T-^T^ 
DKajl my sltin is broken, and be- 
come loathsome Jb.7,5. — ^DRIJ^, 
Ps.58,8 = ^DS: , from DDtJ . 

HfiNC Vfrom n§S) m. something 

halted L8V.2,4. 
tJfiXD (from SgK) tn. darkness Jos. 


Y* •••■■ • • •••• 

f. darkness of God, i. e. utter 
darkness Jer.2,31. 
180 ace. Puerst: to sting, to wound 

- T 

{Kal not used). 
H^h. n^ljpn {pt n ^ If D 8 , /*. 

n.t|^pQ) to prick, to cause pain 
tVpQ r^P a pricking thorn Ez.28, 
24; h^?PS ny^y a painful (others; 
corroding) leprosy Lev. 13,51. 

a^ND (from nn»; c. n'SftS) m. 
T -: - 

ambush Ps.10,8; also troops in 
ambush 2Chr. 18,13. 
mND (from n-ng) f. curse Mal.3,0; 

c. TOKP Pr.3,33; i>«. ni^gp 28,27. 

■ • 

^*^iD (from *7n|) adj. separate 
nl^TJJPO D^'J^SJ the separate cities 

NlaO (from «^2 ; c. KUP , af, iK^p , 

^f<PP ; i>2. c. ^K^np) w. 1) coming 
in! entering -nKl/TJBVlD-ng n^i; 
;]X^2P to know thy going out and 
thy coming in 2S.3,25 {Kri nas 
TlgJiD, see K^C); ^l^? ^JJUPJ 
nyj^P like the entering into o 
city that is broken in Ez.26,10 
Dr"Ki5p? as the coming of a mul- 
titude, as the streaming of a 
mass 33,31. — 2) entrance, place 
of entering a^nrip Wi^l? the en- 
trance of the gates Pr.8,3; W^^P 
r\)S^ the entrance of the house 
Ez.45,5 (opposite W^D egress); 
Q^ D^K^P the entrances of the 
sea, i. e. harbors 27,3.— 3) coupled 
with B*P!? : the setting or going 
down of the sun, the west Deut. 
11,30; Jos.1,4; -Ig] B^P^ HIIPP 
I iKi^P from the rising of the sun 
even to his going down (i. e 
from east to west) Mal.1,11. 

ny^Q (from ?1^3) f. perplexity, 

T : 

consternation Is.22,5; Mic.7,4. 


^S3D (from 'jajIIIOwi. flood, deluge 

Qen.6,l7; P8.29a0. 
nO^D (^rom D^3) f, a treading 

T : 

down, a trampling down Is.22,5. 

J?^30 (from V^f) m. fountain, 

spring g^3Dn-Sy nj 13^03 and 
the pitcher shall be broken at 
the fountain Ec.12,6; pi. c. \¥^3D 
D\D springs of water I8.35,7;49,l0. 
HD^iD (^rom p^3) f, emptiness, 

It : 

desolation Nah.2,11. 
^lln^p (from 103) m. choice, the 
choicest, best 2E.10,23. 

*lPiaD (from nna ; c. in??) m. i) 

TB • • • 

choice, the choicest, the best 
]kyn nnjp the choice of the 
dock Bz.24,5; l^^J^T'^itDl. in^D the 
choice and best of Lebanon 31 jO; 
pL. 8f. V^gW DS the people of his 
choice (his chosen people) Dan. 
11,15.— 2) p-. n. m. lChr.11,38. 
t330 (from tD3^) m. expectation, 

hope (nfJB =) n^iJB B^'^^n her 
expectation shall be ashamed 
Zch.9,5; also of the object of hope! 
Dpie B^^3I? of Ethiopia their 'ope 
(i. e. of Ethiopia upon whcm 
they rely) Is.20,5; ^:RJ5 rl3 such 
is our hope v. 6. 
ND3D (from W^S) »». utterance 
n^flf B^ Wttjp the utterance of her 
lips Num.30,7. 

Piaao (from nD5 •, c. new , 9f' 

i; confidence, trust ^'13 nl^ri? 
T]0t??O that thy trust may be in 

84i DiS^^ 

the Lord Pr.22,l9; 1A^3 nB59 con- 
fidence in a treacherous man 25, 
19; also of the object of trust: 
ine?P V- D^"1f K that maketh the 
Lord his trust "Ps40,5; Jb.8,l4; 
31,24.— 2) security, safety, ease 
™?p >*?ngB ^::\\\ his security 
shall be torn from his tent Jb. 
18,14; pi 0^11539 ni:??^9 secure 
abodes Is.32,18.' 
n^y ^3D wr6. n. of i^3 , which see. 

n J3D (from nja) w. building, house 


^320 l>^. ♦»• w. 28.23,27 = ^S59 2t» 

^ • • • 

nX20 (from nV5 5; c. nJW ; irf. 

ohVw a. nn^w , c. nVW) w. 

1) fortification, fortress Is.25,i2; 
^V39 "T»V a fortified city Jer.1,18, 
^. *'^V;i? ^1^ Num.32,36.— ^; ace. 
some: gold-ore (= "IX^ i) |^n| 
npp ^ayj Tl^;ir)J I have set thee 
among my people as an assayer 
of gold-ore Jer.6,27 (Eng. Bible: 
I have set thee for a tower and 
a fortress). — 3) pr, n an Edo- 
mite prince Oen.3d,42. 
miD (from ni2) m. prop, flight, 

t: • 

hence: fugitive Ez.l7,2l. 

n^&'30 (from r^2 I.) m. pi. the 
privy parts, pudenda; only sf. 
Vtr^D Deut.25,lL 

rb'^yO (from ^^3) f. cooking- 
hearth, boiling-place; only pL 

n^Strnp Ez 46,23. 

. * 

Qjjf^^ 2?r. n. 1) a son of Ishmael 




Gen. 25, 13. — 2) another person 
3P m. magus, Persian priest K'^ 


chief of the magi Jer.30,a 

tB^^3iQ P^' w. an unknown place 

n^SiO (from h^i ; only |rf. nlSj^?) 

f. twisted work, cord Ex.28,l4 
n»33D (from y3:i to be high; pi, 

T T : • 

r)1]^^jQ) m. head-dress, bonnet, 
cap (of priests) Ex.29,9. 

TjIQ in Ar. to be noble, celebrated, 

*TiD Cp^- D^JP) »»• preclousness, 
precious things D^.DC^ *T^.13 the pre- 
cious things of the heavens Deut. 
33,13; V^l$f HK^O;? n^lj the preci- 
ous products of the sun v. 14; 
Q>*jjp ^19 precious fruits Cant.4, 
13; with omission of ^^g: 'h^ 
D^JP all precious fruits 7,U. 

H^yO P^' ♦*• Megiddo, a fortified city 
of Manasseh at the foot of Car- 
mel, in the valley of Jezreel 
^-l^p-nSip? ^^^ P^^^" ^f Mogiddo 
2Chr.35,22; n^P'^O waters of Me- 
giddo Jud.5,19; ='|1i;p Zch.12,11. 

bV^yO a« ^"^-^P ?»"• W' a city ill the 
northern limits of Egypt Fx.l4,2; 
Jer.44,1; Ez.30,6. 

p-njD see npp . 

T^K^'UD P**« **• an Edomite prince 

T : 

m. IJ tower, watch-tower, turret,4;Jo.5,3; fy^l^ip a tower of 
strength, i, e. a fortified tower 

Jud.9^1; fi9 V- 0^ fy'^W the 
name of the Lord is a tower of 
strength Pr.18,10; of beds in a 
garden: D^nn^D ri*i^l^p turrets of 
aromatic herbs Cunt. 5, 13. — 2) 
elevated stage, pulpit Neh.8,4.— 
3) in compound names of places*. 
a) ^ti'^li'^ vtower of God), a for- 
tified city in Naphtali Jos.19,38, 
now Mejdal on the western coast 
of the sea of Galilee, b) n|-*?3^p 
(tower of Gad), a city in Judah 
Jos. 1537. c) nnv;S3J5 (lower of 
the flock), a village near Beth- 
lehem Gen.35,21. d) D'•^Up^ 4^1? 
(tower of the ovens), a tower 
near the walls of Jerusalem Neh. 
3,11, and in other names. 
n3*13p /*• precious thing, only pL 
niin^p Qen.24,53; 2Chr.21,3. 
' jlJO P^' **. Magog, a son of Japheth 
Gen.10,2 and a people in the 
north east of Europe, by whom 
Josephus and others understand 
, the Scythians Ez.38,2. The king 
I of the land of Magog is called 
Ji^J (which see). Among the Jews 
are current various fables about 
a people JUDl ^-3 , as well as 
among the Arabs about Jagug 
and Magug. 
*)13D (from *1U II.) m. fear, terror 

T^^'Q ^^JD terror round about 
Jer.6,25; pi. sf. ''^Op my terrors 
^Wa (from yi^ I.; pL D^-JUP. c. 

T : 


''^UP) wi. 1) sojourning, temporary 
abode VJK ''tl^p f^^W the land of 
bis father's sojourning Gen.37,1; 
^'''I'je r^8 the land of thy so- 
Journing 17,8; fig. of earthly life: 

^^^^9 ^;iB^ ''B^. the days of the 

• • • 

years of my sojournings (Eng. 
Bible: pilgrimage) Gen.47,9; n^;i 
^^U5 the house of my sojourn- 
ings (i. e. my temporary abode 
on earth) Ps. 119,54.— 2) place of 
sojourning, dwelling ^^^^ ^fji 
V^^:)2p4) nor any remaining in his 
Jweliings Jb.l8,19;D^U^? nlyj"''? 
for evils are in their dwelling 
P8.6^,16.— For^tlUD Kz.21,17 see 

mlJD (from n^J II.; c. n^yt?) f, 

fear Pr.10,24. 
rri^JO I. (firom 1^; I.) f. barn, 

granary Hag.2,19. 
n^iyO II. (from n^^ II.) f. fear, 

object of fear l8.66,4; rs.34,5. 
mWO (from 1T|; jp2. nilUS) /". 

TV* ■ ^ • • 

axe, hatchet; only pZ. c. rf^lt^S 
t>3D m. sickle Jer.50,16; Jo.4,13. 


rhya (from h% •, c. n^^p) /■. rou, 

volume Jer.36,6; IfJO-n^^p roll of 
a book V. 2; also Ch. Ezr.6,2. 

nSJD (ace. Stb. for ngPJP from 

T - : T, . 

t<Q| ; c. DQjQ) f. striving, desire 
npnf; D.Tje nSJD the striving 
(1. e. direction) of their faces is 
forwards Hab.1,9. 
PO to give (Kal not used). 

i^. lAt? (/W. ]Ae:) i; to . 
over ?IT2 Tj^'J^ ]AD n^R wh 
delivered thine enemies in 
hand Gen.14,20; hence: to < 
up, to surrender D\lfi^ ?]), 

^^1T' ^^^5K how shall ' 
thee up, Ephraim? how i 
surrender thee, Israel ? Hos. 
2) to bestow ;iMDn riKW 
a crown of glory shall si 
stow on thee Pr.4,0. 

]JD (from ]i|; «A ^J^D; jil. 

nlJ^ID, c. \^D) nt. shield J 
28.5,21; IK.10,175 14,26; 2C1 
\y!^ e^^K an armed man I 
24,34; fig. ef God: 7?^: \% 
my shield and the horn 
salvation Ps.18,3; ^oet, of p 
y-^^ ^^;p the shields (i. t 
tectors) of the earth Pf 
f^^lPQ her shields (L e. i 
Hos.4,18;of the crocodile's i 

D'W? '(?.'98 TJKi what pr 
there in his strong shieldi 
scales)? Jb.41,7. 

naJO (from 14; c. nj^D) /Ta 

ing, a blinding nS*nj;p a 
ing of the heart Lam.3,65 
Bible: sorrow of heart, evi 
taking n|j2p as a derivat: 


m»JD (from 1J?^) f. rebuke, 

neap (from ^l\\ c n8;0;i>«.ni 

1) plague, pestilence Ex 
Num.14,37.— 2) defeat, slai 
(in battle) IS.4,17; 2S.17.9. 




T ! 

t^»^S3D vr. n. m. Neh.iO^l. 

"UO prop, to cast, hence: to give 
up, to abandon; only p^. p. ^^Up 
^10*^8 abandoned to the sword 

• • • 

Ez.21,17 (Eng. Bible: terrors by 
reason of the sword, taking ^lUt? 
as a noun derived from *1U II). 
Fi, 149 to cast down iwp?] 
nplitj X^ *°d thou hast cast 
his throne down to the ground 

^0 Ch. to throw {FtaJL not used). 

* Pa. "lAQ (/w<. "IJB!) to overthrow, 
to destroy Ezr.6,12. 

mjlO (from ini II.; pi. nllAI?) f. 

T" • • • 

a saw 28.12,31; IK.7,0; lChr.20,3. 
)1*)3D P»"- w. a place in Benjamin 

near Gibeah IS.14,2; Is.10,28. 
rWljp (from yD| ; i>«. niy^jll?) /•. 

r'i'».ep» 'i»;» wing in of the wall 

ilfinjO (from «]D|) /". clod of earth 

r^'ri^":?3 i^O0 r.ini? ^b^j? the 
• • • •• • • 

fT'aiiis of seed are rotten under 
their clods Jo.1,17. 

t^lJD (c. B^n:e; pi. D^iT'iip, niiriw, 

T • • • • • • • 

c. \91W) w*. i; pasture, a place 
whither cattle are driven to graze 
(from B^3| to drive).— 2) suburb, 
outskirt Dnrri ^^y^y^ the suburbs 
of the cities Num!35,4; np.r.L^V'? 
rtB^n:jl} ^S*y.T Tl^^jn at the sound 
of the cry of thy pilots the sub- 
urbs will shake Ez.27,28;— S) pre- 
cinct Dn''!?n^9 '•IV t^® cities of 
their precincts lChr.13,2. 

no (from ni9; *f . ^B, ^"^5 a. i^p, H^d; 
irf. D^B, D'^TO , 9f. r-IQ) m. i; mea- 
sure n^p n^-B '^?18 the measure 
thereof is longer than the earth Jb. 
llA/Jfl'.T.W W the portion of 
thy measure Jer. 13,25.— 2) vest- 
ment, garment HJ 'HD ]rj3n B^jSl 
and the priest shall put on his 
linen garment Lev.6,3; 28.20,8; 
D^yjp V^D^ with his garments 
rent' 18-4,12; V^D^*?yD upon his 
garments 17,39; >^. n^^i? B^3^?J 
1^5? and he clothed himself with 
cursing as with a garment Ps. 
109,18 — S) covering, carpet ''JB^^ 
P'ip"'?g that sit on carpets, 1, e. 
the wealthy Jud.5,10 (Eng. Bible: 
ye that sit in Judgment). 

PI310 Ch. (dc/*. wn?nC) m. altar 

^3*TC I (from 153 I) *»• mouth, 

speech HJtO ^tll*]? thy speech is 

comely Cant.4,5. 
^310 II. (from ^JT II.; with H loc. 

nSsip; c. ns-jp, with n ioc nnsip 

Jos.18,12 a. 1X.19,15;«/'. n^ljip) in. 
1) steppe, pasture land *1§1P rft<5 
the pastures of the steppe Jer. 
9,9; Ps. 65, 13; .TJ^H''. ISip the 
steppe (i. e. plain) of Judah Jud. 
1,16; Jos.15,61.— 2) desert, wil 
derness I8.U,17; H^DC* njip des- 
olate wilderness Jo.2,3; de/*. ^IJIfiH 
generally signifying the great 
Arabian desert (Gen. 14,6; Ex.3,1), 
of which the different parts are 
distinguished by separate names 
(see ]^IJ , ^rP , n^l 1 IV , •^^*). 


- T 



op. T p,; , pi ^^DV' ^*^A *^2/ prop 
to stretch, hence: to measure £z. 
40,5; B.8,15; 18.40,12; fig. ^SJIli} 
DiVn Sb .MDfl^yp and I will mea- 
euTv out their ' work... into their 
bosom (1. e. reward them ac- 
cording to their deserts) Is.65,7. 

Kiph. -MS) {fut. ng; , pi. nj3^) to 

be meted out Jer.31,37; 33,22. 

PL 119 iM' ^HB!) a. niiD {fut 


HTD^) to stretch out, to extend, 
to measure nV. "^l?^ and the 
night be extended, 1. e. long Jb 
7,4 (Eng. Bible: and the night be 
gone); ^^B^| niSO pg}?! and I will 
mete out (i. e. divide) the valley 
of Succoth P8.60,8; h;in^ DTID'^I 
and he measured ihem with a 
llneliS.8,2inK lipn IBV l^e stood 
and measured the earth Ilab 3,6. 

HHhp. nlDon {fut nlDo:) to 

stretch onesrlt; with ^r : "ilDn^l 
l!??.D -S and he stretched him- 
self upon the child liv.17,21. 

tlO (from nn^ ; c. TJ?) m. the 

passing away Jb.7,4 (but see HID 

mo (= "^IQ) to spread out, to 
extend, hence np a. ]ilO ^. 

Pnp (from 115 > ^- ^^9 ' P^' ^^^"^9 ^ 
I/. Vpiip , .TfTip) /•. i> exten- 
sion, hence: tallness, largeness 
nip C^^IJ a man of great stature, 
1, c. tall man iChr. 11,23, pi \e^:S 
nip Is 45,14 or nnp '•p;« Num. 
13 32 men oi* great stature; il^j; 

ninp a wide house Jer. 22, 14. — 
2) measure niD ^1 or mD Sin a 
measuring line Jer.3l,38; Zch.2,5, 
niGH njp a measuring reed Ez. 
40,5; fig. ^g^ nip the measure (i. e. 
extent) of my days Ps.39,5.— 3/ 
garment ( = np 5) ^g-^g ^yf 
Vfinp which runneth down to the 
skirts of his garments P8.I33,2.— 
4; tribute (=Ch. niJC) mp^ 
^5PD for the king's tribute Neh. 

rriD Ch. /. tribute Bzr.4.20 (=n5JP 

V. 13). 

nnmO (from (Jn. ani gold) /. ace 

Kimchi: exactress of gold Is.l4,4 
(Eng. Bible- golden city, evidently 
taking the formative D to impl^ 
place, as in njPlP ; ace. Targ. 
and others: njn"5P insolence, flrom 

no (from nyO) ;r.. gaimeiit; p*. sf. 

^k}^)!]9 their garments 2S. iO,ti 

mip (from rvj ; c .*a V ; . . c. 

• • • 

\nS) w. sickness, disease DciiL 
7,15; 28,60. 

nnO (from ni^) m. seductior 

D'^nng^ «l^n*K8^p r\h vnjibut 

they foresaw for thee prophecies 
of falsehood and seduction Lam. 

inO I. (from \M) m. quarrel, con- 
tention, strife t<f\ pDI 0^1 ^TO 
and there is strife, and conten- 
tion riseih up Hab.1,3; )1np V^H 
a man of contention (a quarrel- 



some man) Jer.15,10; ]*ip ^jR^^fl 
^J^JS^'? thou makest us a strife 
(i. e. an object of strife) unto 
our neighbors Ps.80,7, 
jnO n. (from iTID) m. extension, 

length I^HD C*'»« a man of great 
stature 2Chr.21,20 iKtib piQ). 

YHD III. ^. n. a city in the north 

of Palestine Jos.llJ. 
W\0 (contracted fromrnj-nB what 

Is known?) adv. why? for what 
reason? Gen.26,27; Ex.3,3. 
•fftD Ch. eee Yn? . 

mnp (= ^^'^ n. 2) f. pile of wood 

Ez.24,9; af. ^^^1^ Is.30,33. 
ntJ^nO see nB^npV 

nmO rfrom nni) m. fall, over- 

y • • • • 

throw Pr.26,28. 
nSmD (from tlD!!) f* overthrow, 
downfall; only pi V"^ DDn ^^^ 

r^^SnnoS ^^l^r may evil hunt 
• • • • 

down the violent man to his down- 
fall Ps.U0,12. 

*'*iD pr. n. Media, a country of Asia 


lying south of the Caspian sea 
and settled by the descendants 
of Madai, the son of Japheth Gen. 
10,2; it also stands for the people 
of Media (the Medes) Is.13,17; geifd. 
^ItJ the Median Dan.11,1. 

no Ch. pr, n. Media Ezr.6,2; gent 
nwni} the Median Dan.6,1 {KW) 

no (from ^THD) adv. sufficiently 
nD^ ^B»'!jnnn-«'? D'^iirlsnthe priests 

■ vv 

I Mill ■ III a^-^i^M I 

had not sanctified themaelves suf* 
flciently 2Chr.30,S. 

\'na see ^3. 

•« « 

]^*np I. l)i. of no 5, which see. 
r'np n. pr. n. a city in Judah Jos. 

no I. (from tn ; only i)^ D^rip , 

c. '•AHP) w. contention, quarrel 

(= liiD) Snijin n"??^! D^illD the 

IT T *S ••* 

lot causeth contentions to cease 
Pr.18,18; n^t{ VAT? ^^0 t^Hl the 
quarrels of a wife are a conti- 
nual dropping 19,13; frequently 
Km D^iilD , see ]1nD . 

^^a "• J^^- ^ son of Abraham by 

It : • 

Keturah Gen. 25,2, ancestor of the 
Arabian tribe of Midianites who 
lived east of the Jordan, of Sina^ 
and in Arabia Petraea £x.2,15; 
IK. 11,18; sometimes identical with 
the Jshmaelites Gen.37,28i gerd. 
'•j;i9 Midianite Num. 10,29, f. 
n'»j;i9 25,15; pi m. D'»j;n.D Gen. 
37,28, for which once D'^jnO v. 36. 
nnO (from Vn ; pi nirie)V prop. 

T • : 

jurisdiction, hence: province, re» 
gion, country iK.20,U; Est.l,3s 

nno Ch. (c. nrni? , def. KnjnD) 

T • : • T . , 

province, country Dan.2,48; Ezr, 
5,8; pi I^np Bzr.4,15, def. ^r^fl^^ 

nilD (from ?]n) f. mortar Num. 


pr. n. a city in Moa^ Jer 




> •• • ■■ 



ri3D"FD I (from ]W) 1) a place of 
dung, a dunghill Is. 25, 10. — 
2) pr. n. a city in Benjamin, near 
Jerusalem Is 10,31. 

nSDID *>*■• **• a city In Judah Jos. 

T- :- 


np (from ]n) m. 1) contention, 

Vtrlfe; only pi D'^HD Pr.6,l9; 10, 
12.— 2) pr. n. son of Abraham 
by Keturah, the brother of Midlan 
Gen.25,2; ijl. D^;!? = D^jnp Mi- 
dianates Gen.27,26 (see ]np). 

y^D (from y^^) m. 1) knowledge, 

intelligence Dan.1,4; 2Chr.l,10.— 
2) consciousness, thought Ec. 
^♦•ID see P^O . 

mpiD (from np.5) /. a piercing, 

wounding; pi. c. rt*1i?10? HIJ^S t^, 

yy^ there is that speaketh like 

the piercings of a sword Pr.12,18. 

inO Ch. (from IH; af. Tl^jni?, 

nnnnp) m. dwelling Dan. 2, 11; 
• • • • 

nj^lD (from :m) /. stair-like 

height, steep mountain Cant 2,14; 

THD (from ?]D5 ; c. TJ'I'JP) m. a 

treading, a space trodden upon 

^P.'5"*ir^n9 the treading of the 

sole of a foot, i. e. a foot-breadth 


12^^*10 (from 18^13) ^' inquiry, com- 
mentary D^p^HpH 1§p. ts^^^jp a com- 
mentary on the book of the Kings 

HB^^D (from ^Tl) f. something 

threshed, trodden down; fig. of 
the oppression of Judea ^^^IQ 
^J*)!"!?^ my down- trodden, and 
the son of my threshing-floor Is. 
XmO see KnntKJ. 

TIT! ^'^* 

no (somettmes Hp, especially be- 
fore gutturals with Kametz; be- 
fore Makkeph Hp) 1) pron. in- 
definite: whatever, something ^n^l 
ny^ij np whatever there is, let 
me 'run 28.18,22; np ^hv S^ai! 

T T a a 

and let come upon me whatever 
will Jb.13,13; np njT whatsoever 
Num.23,3; with a negative, noth- 
ing np"nyT"*751 and she knoweth 
nothing Pr.'9,13;my-np that which, 
what n^n^'np that which was 
£c.l,9; also with omission of the 
rd. pron. ^O^tpJ D^^'^fT np what 
ye saw that 1 did (what ye saw 
me do) Jud.9,48. — 2) pron. inter- 
rogative: what! l8^|?Si!1'np what 
seekest thou? Gen.37,15; "IPM np 
what shall 1 say? Sx.3,13; np 
p'^p^ what hast thou done ? Qen. 
4,10; also without apparent inter- 
rogation: *ih n^rrnp nvi? to 

know what shall be done to him 
Ex. 2,4; by way of depreciation 
and humiliation: !^y^''^P what 
profit Gen.37,26; ^nrnp what ie 
my strength Jb.6,ll;njn Di^iTQ njj 
what is this dreamt Gen.37,lC^ 
tr^i^-np what is man! Ps.8,5j 
sometimos interrogative np prc- 
supposes negation: IpiJH ^iP"np 






what departeth from me! (i. e. 
nothing departeth from me) Jb. 
16,6; Tjl;; ^^-HD what have 1 to 
do with thee (i. e. I have nothing 
to do with thee) Jud.11,125 Tj^HO 
U*h^^^ what hast thou to do with 
peace? (!• e. thou hast nothing 
to do with peace) 2K.0,18{ "HQ 
■l^n-n^ 1^^ what hath the straw 
to do with the corn ! Jer.23,28.— 
3) in reference to quality: what, 
what kind of J "illJ^I'np what form 
is he of? lS.28,l4;tr''tcn Mt?lJ n^ 
what manner of man? 2K.1,7; 
n|^B5 D''iya HQ what cities are 
these ? 1K.9,13; in this sense some- 
times preceded by noun c : 'DOjn 
DhS ?V^ what wisdom have they? 
Jer.8,9. — 4) adv, of cause: why, 
wherefore? ^Sw Pl?Vn-nD why 
criest thou to me? £x.l4,15; "112 
t"^9 ]^^i^ wherefore do ye tempt 
the Lord ? 17,2. — 5) adv. of man- 
ner: a) how, how much K^^JTIJJ 
njn Dlpon how dreadful is this 
piacel Gen.28,17; TjPS^ nnK-HQ 
how glorious is thy name ! Ps. 
8,2; ?l^Sni< Uta-HQ how beautiful 
are thy tents! Num.24,5; nyi.S 
Vp ^np"'^P that I may know how 
frail I am Ps.39,5; ^n^HW rxq 
TJp^^n how love I thy law I Ps. 
119,97; nr«S'? V\yv HQ how hast 

• • • • • 

thou helped him that is without 
power! Jb.26,2. h) how, in what 
way p'T8V4"'^B how shall we 
justify ourselves ? Gen. 44, 16. — 
Joined to prepositions: a) n^'^y 
till when I how long ? Ps.74,9. 

h) rxq'hv upon what? I8.1,5; Jb. 
38,6; wherefore, why? Jer.9,ll; 
Jb.10,2.— With prefixes :3, 3, S : 
^) **^9^i ^^^ in what, at what, 
whereby J ^^^^ IriS njJJ wherein 
his strength is great Jud.l6,5{ 
^\7\ y^ry^ n^j at what shall he 
be esteemed Is.2,22| ^^^{D Hj^^ 
wherewith thou roayest be bound 
Jud.16,13; V^^ n|^2 whereby shall 
1 know Gen.15,8; rarely adv, of 
cause: why ? nj^ ^"J rv^)^ H^J why 
hath the Lord done thus? 2Chr. 
7,21. 5; nips, ntgS how great? how 
much? how many? ^Xt^ ^{J^. n^3 
T|\*I3 how many are the days of 
the years of thy life ? (i. e. how 
old art thou ?) Gen 47,8; njfjI^-njJS 
n|1.g na55 how great is her 
breadth, and how great is her 
length Zch.2,6; as adv> of time: 
how long? how often? 'tfh HJpS 
^|?5 njjp^n how long wilt thou 
not depart from me? Jb.7,19; 
nj-jpa mnpingS how often did 
they provoke him in the wilder- 
ness? Ps. 78,40; D^prp n^ri? 
how many times? 1k!22,16; HJ 
^>y^ n@3 these so many years 
Zch.7,3. c) nsS , np^ (three times 
n^jS IS. 1,8) why? wherefore? 
^5?!] '"^JD "^l?^ wherefore smitest 
thou thy fellow? Ex.2,13; T\'^^^h 
^jiif why then am I ? (1. e. why do 
I exist) Gen.25,22; in a wider 
sense: of what good, of what 
profit D^tD ^^ njpS what good shall 
my life do me ? 27,465 "^ ^V^^^ 
n^iD^ what profit, then, shall the 





birthright be to to me? 25,32; 
with rel S^ : Hl}^^ for why ? Cant. 
1,7 (= na^ n^8 Dan. 1, 10).- 
Sometimes HD unites with the 
following word into one, as: HJD 
Ex.4,2 for nrnn; DS^e what 
mean ye? I8.3,15 for D$^"n5 ; 
nt<^riQ what a weariness ! Mai. 
1,3 for ngSn-HD ; DHD Ez.8,6 for 
DH np . With such contractions 
are generally classed also ^IS/ 
sufficiently 2Chr. 30,3 (=TnD^') 
and njte^wnjaS at first lChr.15,13 
(== niysi3-nB^); ace. Buxtorf 

• • « 

the prefixes in these words stand 
for 7 and ]I? ("9). 

no Ch. (once HT^ , which sec) pron. 

what? Dan.4,32; without interrog- 
ation Hjltrqa np jri; he knoweth 
what is in the darkness Dan.2,22; 
'•T n^ what, that which 2,28; with 
prefixes: a) HD^ ho?^! how much! 
1^5151 ^9?V^4n^^~ how great are 
his'signs! Dan 3,33. h) Hp^ why? 
wherefore? H^jq ^!iT. ^^^ why 
should damage grow? Ezr.4,22; ^T 
np^ for why? 7,23. 

nno or ncnp in Ar. to hold back 

"• T • 

(Kal not used). 
Hithp. ^'Q^Cr}T\ to delay, to 

tarry, to stay \7.ncnBrin Hh\ ^s?\pn 

• * • • • • 

I made haste, and delayed not 

Ps. 119,60; ^^"-nsn ngnonro^' 

though it tarry, wait for it Hab. 
2,3; inOO^ ^npnOOr? stay and 

• • • • • 

wonder Is.29,9. 

tumult, noise npiip Qi^H the day 

of tumult Kz. 7,7; ' nmnoD r^Sl 

great in tumult, full of noise 22, 
5; ph D^^'J rton? great tumults 


Am.3,9.— 2) disturbance Deut.2S» 
20; Pr. 15,16.— 3) confusion, con- 
sternation Deut. 7, 23 ; Is. 22, 5 ; 
nip'riQinp a deadly consternation 
ID^np P^' «• a Persian eunuch Est 

tJ«30\nD 1) pr. n, m. Neh.ejQ.- 

•• ■ ^ ■• • 

2) j>r. n. ^. Gen.36,39. 

THD (from nno J.) od/. quick, dili- 
gent, ready, skilled ^n5^<!29? THIJ 
diligent in his work Pr.22,29; "Ig^D 
*^^'^15 a ready scribe Ezr. 7, 6; c. 
P"?.^ *1D9 quick in righteousness 
Js.16,5. ' 

^HD (!>*• 1>. ^^njj) to mix, to adul- 
terate (a drink) D^M h\r\t^ ?|KJ(J 
thy wine is mixed with water Is. 

•nSnO (from t]Sn; c. ?]Sqa, ir/. 

^?^l!8) w. i^ walking, way, joir 

ney'Neh.2,6; D-tj; nC?^S^ Tj^ng 

• • • • 

three days' journey Jon.33.— 2) 
walk, space for walking ?]jr}Q 
ann nia« nt?8 a walk of ten cu- 
bits breadth Lz.42,4. 
?T7nO (from TJ^H) m. way, a place 
to walk (others: companion, guide) 

only pi i;5 D'?^nQ ^\ ^i?DJ3 
n^KH O'lipirn and i will give thee 

• • • • 

places to walk among these that 
stand by (i. e. thou shalt havQ 
access to them) Zch.3,7 


^Snp (from '^ijg) w. praise IT^K] 

^^JnS ^5*? and a man [is proved] 
according to his praise Pr.27,2l. 

^X^SnO !»• «• w. i^ a patriarch 

descended ft'om Seth Qen.5,12. - 
2) another person Neh.llJ4. 

iTStTlD (from D^H) f. blow, stroke; 

only »L n^sSnO blows Pr.19,29. 

mbnO (from nCH) /•. stream, 

• I • 

whirlpool, abyss (others: deep 
pit); only ^. minqB Ps.i40,ll. 

naaiD (from tisn ; c. njgnp) ^ 

overthrow, destruction riJfi^B 
n^OyiDnp the overthrow of So- 
dom and Gomorrah Deut.29.22; 
also in the sense of a verb. n. 

with a4xu8.: -n« D'';?Sj8 ra^nn^ 

• • • • • 

D^lp like God's overthrowing So- 
dom Is.13,19. 
fDSriD (from TlBH) prop, torsion, 

viv; - ^ 

jience: stocks (an instrument of 

punishment, a kind of a pillory) 

Jer.20,2; riSfinan n^3 the house 
• • • 

of the stocks, i. e. the prison 
nnO I. V to hasten; in Kal once: 

— T 

^yyf "ing that hasten after an- 
other [God] Ps.16,4 (others render 
XVM2 'that give presents', refer- 
ring it to *inD 11., which see). — 
2f) to be quick, ready, skilled, 
whence THD. 

NipK nnr; (pt intji) i) to be 

hurried, to be hasty, headlong 
nyro) Q^i^np? riVJJ the counsel of 
the perverse is carried on head- 

353 TID 

long Jb.5,13; '105301 "ign Mjn that 

• • • 

bitter and hasty (impetnousy 
people Hab.1,6; VT 0^09? ^J^'' 
D'i'j^ the heart also of the hasty 
(rash) shall understand knowledge 
Is.32,4.— 2) to be fearful, timid 
^!j ^!in94 they that are timid by 
heart Is.35,4. 

Pi, nnp (f,d. nnc; ; pt ^nnp. 

t) to hasten nj?Ke 'ri^V^ TBI 
let him hasten, let him speed his 
work l8.5,19; J^^'flfi nqo hasten 
hither Hamah (i. e. bring him 
quickly) Est.5,5; so also IK.22,9.— 
2) to hasten, to make haste *inD*|] 

•^JJJ^T '^P^^S and Abraham has- 
tened into the tent Gen. 18,6; irjQ 
n^^ CO.^I^n haste thee, escape 
thither 19,22; frequently before 
other verbs as adv.: ^njlT ^*inip 
they quickly (soon) forgot Ps. 
106,13; before inf. with h : ^piQlJ 
MVIp7 thou hast found it qulcly 
Gen.27,20; without h : H2 jri^ni^j 
ye are come soon Ex.2,18 — 5) 
to be hasty, rash in]5''-S« ^sh) 
n^TK^rn^ and let not thy heart 
be hasty to utter anything Ec.5, 
1.— 4) to be skilled, ready ]it5^^^ 

r\m ^155^ "ingn c^^v and the 

• * • 

tongue of the stammerers shall 
be ready to speak plainly ls.32,4. 

THD II. (akin to ^V2) prop, to 
barter, hence: to pay a mariage- 
price, to endow i? •^I'npO! ^''^9 
ntt*K7 he shall surely endow her 
to Le his wife Ex.22,l5. 

^HD 1) cdj' swift, quick Zph.1,14.-. 



2) ado. hastily, quickly Ex.32,8; 
*irlD (from *injj II.) m. marriage- 
price, dowry GeD.34,12; 1 S. 18,25; 
nl7in5D *l30 the dowry of vir- 
gins Ex.22, 16. 

mnp f' haste, speed Hinp? in 

• • • 

haste, i. e. soon Ec.4,i2; frequent- 
ly as adv.: quickly, speedily, 
swiftly 2K.l,ll; also iTjnP'^S Ps. 
147,15; n^np Si2 or Sj2 n'lTVf very 
swiftly Jo.4*4; Is.5,26. 

^THD pr. n. one of David's war- 
riors 28.23,28. 

ta B^n ^^B^ VID (speedy booty, 

hasty spoil) symbolic name of 
one of Isaiah's sons Is.8,1 a. 3. 

Thnnt2 (from Spn ; only i>^ fll^prjB) 

• • • 

f. mockery, jest, delusion 18.30,10. 
Id C= ^^> particle used in com- 
bination with the prepositions 
? , |) and 7 to strengthen their 
meanings (ace. Stb. it signifies; 
substance): 1) iDJ in, with, etc. 
B^J}-iD3 in fire Is. 43, 2 (prop, in I 
the substance of fire); ^^^Kl lD;i 
with my head J b. 10,4.— 2) ioS to, 
for, etc. '•9'toi> to, upon my mouth 
Jb.40,4; ^'jn"'D/' for the sword 
27,14-— 5; to? 'as, like ]9«"to$ 
as a stone Ex.15,5; with sf. '^i^9?', 

DiTD? (it is to be observed that 
before the light suffixes to? is 
changed info *a|); as adv.: a) so, 
thus to? rrjgCK I will speak thus 

Ps.73,15 6;a88o*on asnSring^nto? 

as the morning dawn arose Qen. 
19,15.— to? and to^ occur only 
In poetry.— The particle treated 
under this head should not be 
confounded with to", to", the 
poetical suffix for the prosaic plu- 
ral D, as in IDD? (= Dp?) Ex.15, 
10 and toK?r) c= D»^?n) V. 17. 
iNiD pr. n. Moab, son of Lot Gen. 

19,37, ancestor of the Moabltes 
who lived on the east of the 
Dead Sea and Jordan Deut.i,5; 
2,11; also the land of Moab Num. 
21,13, fully :JKto n« Deut.1,5 or 
^Kto n'i^ R.1,1 etc, (which region 
is now called Kerak); gent. ^^Kto 
Deut.23,4, f. nj?8to or n''?Kto^R. 
1,22; 2Chr.24,26; k f. rf»?Bto IK. 
t^KlD see hm . 

K^lD w- in-coming, entrance 2S.3, 

25 (Kvi); Ez.43,11 (Irregular form 
for HlatJ, which see; it is used 
merely on account of its corres- 
pondence to H^to). 

J^D (/W. m^ , re;) l) to melt, to 
dissolve; fig, to tremble, to faint 
from fear ^^H S\nn the earth 
melteth away Ps.46,7; JIdS |5qS 
^7 that their heart may melt 
(faint) Ez.21,20.— 2) tr. to cause 
to melt away (i. e. to cause to 
faint) ^^V.^r'll? Vi}?i:^r\i and hast 
let vs melt away (faint) because 
of our iniquities Is.64,6. 

Niph. m^ {pi, U'tp^ ; pt pi. D^/Dj) 
1) to melt away, to dissolve, to 
go asunder T|Jp»l ^Itoj ]tor|n the 




multitude melted away (1. e. went 
asunder) and went on 18.14,10; 
of destruction by water: 75%^? 
:ilD^ the palace shall be dissolved 
(L e. washed away) Nah.2,7. — 
2) to tremble, to be afraid or 

dismayed ]845 '^S^?^'' ^3 ^^^i all 
the inhabitants of Canaan shall 
melt away (i. e. be dismayed) 

PL JAto c/irf. ^Ato^) 1) to cause 
to dissolve, to make soft (of the 
soil) n3.y1-i? D''y5"3? thou makest 
It soft, with showers P8.65,ll.— 
2) to dissolve, to make as nought 

ni?^\n ^M-J^Oi? thou makest my 

• • • 

understanding as nought Jb.30,22 
(£ng. Bible: thou dissolvest my 

HUhp. :iH^onn c/w. -3;!iDi:i:) to 

dissolve, to perish H^^^ D|^f J 
JljiDO? tbclf soul dissolveth be- 
cause of trouble Ps.107,26; fig^ to 
quake,to tremble H^M^COil niyj^n 
the hills shall tremble Am.9,13 
(Qes.: the hills shall flow down, 
as if into wine and oil; but comp. 
n%3 same as "lltj^ which see. 

y^iiD , y^o a- yi^o (ftfom V 3;) w. 

acquaintance, friend R. 2,1; fig* 
Kppo ny?!? yjD*. and call under- 
standing thy friend Pr.7,4. 

miD , riglD (= yniD) f^ acquaint- 
- 1- ' 

ance; concretely: friend, kinsman 

U^yiQ \'i2 Boaz is our kinsman 


ma ipret D?; fut. D^D;; jit. DD; 

in/*. D^Q) to waver, to totter, to 
move, to fall ^^n HIJIp my foot 
wavereth (Kng. Bible: slippeth) 
Ps.94,18; niD^QD ^tDD kingdoms 
move (or fall) P8.46.7; rty^ri 
n j^t;j^Di;i the hllls shall move away 
Is.54,10;j;<^7^J?^ CP p^TC a righ- 
teous man falling down beiore 
th9 wicked Pr.25,26; IT HD?^ and 
his hand be fallen, i. e. if he 
become poor Lev.25,35. 

NipK DlD^ {fut tDis:) 1) to totter, 
to slip, to move, to fall 'h^ ^DiDJ 
n§ ''HO^^ all the foundations of 
the earth are moved Ps.82, 5; 
^Ipy^ ^t3iDj'S;i my footsteps slip 
not'l7,5; DiQ^-Ss ia.'?^ ^5§ he 
said in his heart, I shall not be 
moved 10,2.— 2) to be cast ^Dia^ 

D^^na Dn\Sg let burning coals be 

• • • • 

cast upon them Ps.140,11 {KUb 
^tD'^p; Hiph.), 

Hiph, D^ljn (M Q^PJ) to cast upon 
(with 93?) ]1§ ^"Z? ^D^p;"^5 for they 
cast iniquity upon me P8.55,4; 
140,11 Kiib. 

Hithp, tSQ^Dnn to be moved, 
shaken Y^JA n^plDOH Dto the 
earth is moved violently Is.24,10. 

OlD {sf. \np2) m. 1) tottering, 
stumbling U\*?n Cite!? jn^-J^^ he 
suffered not our feet to stumble 
P8.66,9} 121,3.— 2) pole, staff 
tS^aj ^n^b^Il they carried it upon 
a staff 'Num. 13,23.— 3) yoke 
:]''S2;D rifiD naf « I win break 
his yoke from off thee Nah.1,13. 




nolo (pi. ritoiD) ^. i; pole. staff 
lChr.15,15.— 2) yoke Jer.28,10, 
more fully hy rf^^f^ bars of the 
yoke Lev.20,13; hence also: op- 
pression Is.58,9. 

mo (/< n^o; ; l^*. n?^ to ©e re- 
el uced, to become poor T|1PJ"^9 
TITIS if thy brother become poor 
LevT25,25; pt poor: «n ?19"D»3 
?]3*1^Q but if he be poorer than 
thy estimation Lev.27f8. 

hTi ipret. ^D, 2 HQ^p; /trf. ap. 

^ 9,iJ ; !>'. P' ^^'^) to cut off, to 
circumcise D(lS*3jr 1^?"^.? *? jp^J 
and he circumcised the flesh of 
their foreskin Oen.17,23; fig. to 
put away the moral impurities, 
considering them as unclean 
growths (H^*!?) of the heart: 
022ih n^nr ng D^Sq^ and ye 

• ■ • • • • 

shall circumcise the foreskin of 
your heart Deut.10,16; Tl'^rtSt? \\ho\ 
Tja^S^K and the Lord liiy God 
will circumcise thy heart Deut. 

30,6; nSny^ h^n-hyh^ ^finrs^ and 

I will punish all the circumcised 
of the prepuce (i. e. those whose 
flesh is circumcised, but not their 
hearts) Jer.9,24; pt p. pi, D^^^p 

Niph, fej for h^C) ipl. ^Stp^ ; fut. 
^1d: , pi. ^a^) ; imp. a. inf. '?1sn) 

to be circumcised "^JI'^J °?t ^^^'^ 
every male among you shall be 
circumcised Qen.17,10; ^^l h^p^\ 

in^ny iB^a-ns ^^tsr^*^ *H?8 and 

T : T — : V • T? *j 

the un circumcised male whose 
flesh of his foreskin is not cir- 

cumcised V. 14; ...1n''3 '•ffJB'^JJ 
^n^ ^Sbj and all the men of his 
house... were circumcised with 
him V. 27; 2 pi D^^DJ v. 11 for 

nrfhv2^ ; pt pi. 6^%i Gen.34,22 
for D^^iDj; fig. npni ;:i ^4sn 

* . • • • » 

D355/ i^^^lS circumcise your- 
• . • • • 

selves to the Lord, and remove, 
the foreskins of your heart Jer. 
4,4. See also under ^2^. 

Eiph, 'r^OD {fut. ^'•1?;) to cut 
off, to destroy; with sf pi D^^Dg 
I will destroy the^^ P8.1l8,l6 

^^ (once hSn Deut.1,1, SkID Neh. 
12,38 Kttb; sf. '•^'P) prep, a. adv. 
before, over against, opposite *7^D 
D'rtSRn before God Ex.18,19; S^D 

• • • 

]1D2; ^J{} over against the chil- 
dren of Ammon Deut.2,10; rtSJ . 'D 
before Japho Jos. 10,46; Hjn^ "TIC 
n!P.0"^8 window over against 
window IK.7,5.— United to pre- 
positions: a) hMSO ower against 
28.5,23; with sf ^!?PP over against 
me Num.22,5. 6/'^^D-*?« before, 
near Ex.34,3; ^.9 '^'^Q-W toward 
the front Lev 8,0; Num.8,2. 
HT^IO pr. n. a city in the south 

of Judah, afterwards ceded to 
Simeon Jos.15,26. 

m^lD (from ^b^ ; af. ^r)l^n) f. 

Vjv * • 

birth, nativity, descent Est.2,10; 
pi 8f. ^«^?0 n«S T.O^^rb thy 
nativity is of the land of Cana- 
an Ez.i6,3j rrhyn 01^3 T.Q^n^iD^ 

T]iTK and as for thy nativity, in 
the day thou wast born v. 4; 




hence ntjto f^^ the land of 
one's birth, native country Oen. 
SltlS— ^) family, kindred, race 
TyjlSisqi Tin^iP. TI^^*?. get thee 
out of thy country, and from thy 
kindred Gen.l2,l)E8t.8,6.— 3) one 
born {^^n n-jljlD i« D)^ iTJ^to 
whether born at home, or born 
abroad Lev.18,9. — 4) offspring, 

issue nrf^rins ijiirm-n^ij tjpiSid^ 

and thy issue, which thou be- 
gettest after them Gen.48,6. 

rfhV^ (from hV2) pi, f. circumcision 

irh\d2 D''P5 PO * bridegroom of 
Mood, because of the circumcision 
(i. e. a child allied to Qod by 
the blood of circumcision) Sx* 


T'^IO pr, n. m. lChr.2,29. 

0« {8f. to^D, a^>Xi) m. defect, 

blemish Deut.l5,2ri Cant.4,7; in 
a moral sense: TJ^Jg K^n ?K ^J) 
D1DC tor then shalt thou lift up 
thy face firee from blemish Jb.ll, 

ib'^v^i; D'?^^^ r'^R^^ ^?^ r!r. •IB''' 

*CiD he that correcteth a scorner 
getteth to himself shame; and he 
tnat reproveth a wicked man get- 
Irth to himself a blemish Pr 9,7 (so 
this verse is usually rendered; it 
seoms, however, better to render it 
thus: he that reproveth a scorner 
getteth etc/, so doth he that pro veth 
to a wicked man his fault); ^^ pnc^ 
*-riSnB^ e^i^S "I^T DD1D V^l tfh they 
have dealt corruptly uith him, 
they are not his children, it is 
their blemish: they are a per- 

verse and crooked generation 
Deut 32,5 (Vulgate: it is they who 
sinned against him, and not hia 
sons, by filthy deeds: that bad 
and perverse generation!). 

PO to form, whence ]^IJ, HJ^Dfl. 

DD^D (from 3j|J) m. circuit, en- 
compassing r,*'Sn ^B^D the en- 
compassing of the house Ez41,7. 

nap^D (from 331; ; ovtXypl. c. rfaQ^D) 

}. fold of a door nl3B^D DV3?^ 
flln^T two folds of doors Bz.41,2i 
(prop, pt, Hoph. of 2^^, which see). 

ICID (from Tp;; pi. niniJiD , c. 

""^nO^D , n^npto) m. foundation 
nt< '•7.5^0 the foundations of the 
earth Jer.31,37; D\D^n nllD'D the 
foundations of heaven 2S.22,8; ol 
the remaining foundations of de- 
stroyed buildings: Tlpin np^^ 
Dp^pn thou shalt raise up the 
foundations of many generations 

10V2 (c. ^Q^O) m. 1) founding, 

erection ir^'*^ ng^D O^'^ri'lV, unto 
the day of the erection of the 
house of the Lord 2Chr.8,16.— 2) 
fouudation Ijp^D 1|J1D a founda- 
<^ion founded, i. e. a sure faunda- 
tion Is.28,16 (l^^D is pt. Hoph., 
with a Dagesh to distinguish it 
from the preceding word). 

mO^S (from npJl) m. 1) foundation, 
only pi. n^y^VD nnp^D the fouD- 
dations of the side chambers Ez. 
41,8 (ff^ri).— 2) appointment, de- 
cree nnp^D ngg the staff of ap- 





pointment, i.e, the staff appointed 
of God 18.30,32. 
tJD^ (from ?]3D ; c. t]B^D) m. cov- 
ered passage D^^H ?]Q^D the cov- 
ered passage for the sabbath 2K. 
16,18 (Kri, for which Ktib t]C^B). 

IDiD I. (for npt^D from nOK ; i)l. 
DnpiD , c. ^tlplD and n^nRto , c. 
nnpiD) m. fetter, bond Ps,2,3; 

*1DlD n« P^ n- a station of the 


Israelites in the desert, wit H loc, 
n^tJiD Deut.10,6 and pi. nilfilD 

nD« I. (from 'ICC; ^- *^5^^' *^- 
'•TJ^C , ?11l}^0) w. i; correction, 
chastisement, punishment " 7 (< 
*lp^O "t84P yiW withhold not cor- 
rection from the child Pr.23,13; 
IIJ^D tsps? the rod of correction 
22,15; n^ nO^D the chastisement 
of the Almighty Jb.5,17.— 2) dis- 
cipline, warning, reproof *1D^D 
yjpB^K ^i^p^J reproof of my shame 
must' I hear Jb.20,3i "O'S?? ^y?^ 

^"St '^'^ *^9^° DyP.3"^4f In vain 
have ) smitten your children; 
they received no warning Jer.2, 
20. - 3) instruction Hlfjn nglS 
*lp^D^ to know wisdom and in- 
struction Pr.1,2; Sji^n nc^D in- 
struction of intelligence v. 3. 

ID^D H. (= "^9^0 from nC(<; c. ID^D) 

m. fetter, bond 009 D'?!;? "^B^O 
he looseth the bond of kings Jb. 
13flD. Igb (from ng;; sf. InfiiDj 

pL D'-JfilD, e. *na^D) m. i) ap- 
pointed time, season, term, festival 
Gen.l,U; 2S.20,5; HJp nn nglsi 
ri^nxn at this appointed time in 
the next year Gen. 17,21; of the 
time of the migration of birds: 
.TlSto nrT DJBB^J nTpq DJ yea, 
the stork in the heaven knoweth 
her appointed times Jer.8,7;^|l]^iD 
i.1 the festivals of the Lord Lev. 
23,2; in later prophetic language: 
a year ^m D^TffD njJoS after a 
year, years, and a half Dan.12,7 
(comp. Ch. ]■}?).— 2) congrega- 
tion, gathering, meeting, assem- 
bly n»iD hUH the tabernacle of 
the congregation Lev. 1,1; D^j] 
"^D ^9/ '^V.^^ the place of assembly 
for ail the living Jb.30,23; ''R1J3 
"1}J^D those called to the assembly 
Num. 16,2; ly^D ^3 the mountain 
of assembly (the seat of the Ba- 
bylonian gods) Is. 14,13; ny^D Di"* 
day of gathering, 1. e. solemn 
day, festival Hos.9,5.— 3) ap- 
pointed place, place of assembly 
IS.20,35; Lam.2,6; SK'nglD ap- 
pointed place of God, i. e. sacred 
place of assembly Ps. 74, 8.— 
4) appointed sign, signal Jos. 

irlD (= 1»to) m. place of as- 
sembly inyiM nT3 ]^K1 and none 
shall be s »litary in his places 
of assembly Is.14,31 (Kng. Bible: 
in bis appointed times). 

mrlD (from n?:) /: solemn feast 

TT ^ 


festival; only jl. rfnS^'Q 2Chr. 

rn»U3 (from njn) f. appointed 
place, refuge, aBylum nny^tsn ^^^ 
the cities of refuge Jo8.29,0. 

mV"^ see n»D Pu, 

W^ (from ^V) w. gloom, dark- 
ness n^ pV^D "ll^sS fj^^D \kh ^? for 
there shall be no gloom for her 
that was In anguish Is 8,23 (comp. 
npJIV eiWlJ V. 22). 

nXriO (from (^»; ; only jpl. rtVJJto , 

«/•. cn-'p^VSto) f. counsel, device 
Jer.7,24; P8 5,ll; Pr.1,31, etc. 

npriD (from p^y) f. pressure, bur- 
den Ps.66,11. 

Tfi^ IK.10,18 see tj^ H&pK (aoc. 
some: t^^KQ, see tp^K). 

nfilD (from nfi;;pZ.D''OP^D a. D^^OPD, 

c. ^r>9^D) f». wonder, miracle Ex. 
7,9; Jo.3,3.— ^; sign, token Is. 
20,3; 2Chr.32,24.— 3) example 
r\f^dy\ niKJ? for a sign and for 
an example Deut.28,46; DhS n\^ni 
ng^D; and thou shalt be an ex- 
ample unto them £z.24,27; ^){< 
DSO^to I am your example Ez. 
12,11.— 4) distinction nj^D ^g^W 
men of distinction, distinguished 
' men Zch.3,8. 

MD to press out, only pi. f^Q op 

pressor Is. 16,4, 

pa , usually {^6 (from f^^D) m. 

chaff ypi ^)3p] p? as the chaff 
that is driven with the whirl- 
wind out of the Hoor Hos.Id,3; 

860 KYD 

nn-^;ip^ {^b5 as chaff before the 
wind Ps.35,5. 
KXID (from Ky;; 8f. ?18ylD, iKJiD; 

w. jy going out, going forth 28. 
3,25; Num.33,2; H^U ^«^to5 as 

the going forth into exile Ez. 
12,4| of the rising of the sun: 
ixyiD D:B^n nxjpi? his going forth 
(rising) is from the end of the 
heaven Ps.19,7; of plants: spring- 
ing forth, growth K^-J K^ffa D'^^VO^I 
and to cause the growth of the 
tender grass Jb.38,27; of goods 
brought from another place: H^lDI 
D^^VQl} lidSs?'? 'I^S D^plDH and 
the horses which Solomon had 
were brought (exported) from 
Egypt IK.10,28.— 2) that which 
proceeds or goes forth, hence 
D^D^Ip K^iD that which proceedeth 
from 'the lips Num.30,13; Hg KyiD 
that which proceedeth from the 
mouth Deut.8,3. — 3) place of go- 
ing forth VKyD^ V^fVlD lis places 
of going out and coming in Ez. 
43,1 1; of a place whence water 
springs forth: D^D r<VlQ fountain 
of waters, spring-head Is. 41, 18; 
of a place where silver is found: 
f]B3 K^iD a source (vein or mine) of 
silver Jb.28,1; of the place where 
the sun rises or sets: *1^]d "^K^f^O 
\^y)B ^^-5^ the outgoings of the 
morning and of the evening (1. a. 
the east and the west) thou makest 
to rejoice Ps.65,9; hence H^^tSIp 
^'^JtS?^ from the east and from 

r^' - 

T T 



the west 75, 7. — 4) pr. n. m. 

n«siD (from «y; ; pi ni«yto) /■. 

T T 

1) prop, going forth, hence; origin, 
descent oSij; '•R^'D DHltP 1^7«?to 
his origin is from former times, 
fromday8ofoldMic,l,5.— JSf^sewer, 
water-closet (comp. HrjV) 2K.10, 
27 (Zri, for which Ktib has HgnqD). 

pX^D I. (from pV) m. 1) a casting 
nns pj^D one casting IK.7,37.— 
^/ solid mass TT^p;]^) ^P"np?*4D 
py^D? D*D inni by the breath of 
God ice is given, and the broad 
waters become a solid mass Jb.37, 
10} pV^tsS l§r nj^S? when the dust 
thicicens into a solid mass 38,38. 

pS^D n., pV^D (from p^V) m. strait- 

"ness, distress ^t^ ^p2 «*? "'S 
nS pV^D there shall be no gloom 
to her that was in distress Is. 
8,23j 'tkh DDl n^-^59 TJO^PD m, 

n^QPUJ pJf^D he would even have 
incited thee away out of distress 
into a broad place, where there 
is no straitness Jb.36,16. 
nj5y,D (from px;; pL rfpV^D) f. 

tube, pipe (of the candelabrum, 
for the oil) Zch.4,2. 

TD'S^D (from p3f;) f. a casting 
(Stb.: casting mould) ^nipvp? D^'p'SfJ 
cast in its casting 2Chr.4,3. 

D^D in Ar. to be light, foolish 
{Kal not used). 

Hiph, p'^^'n {fut p^i;^) prop, to 
make light of, hence: to mock, 

to scoflrp^7 pi5 n?T: yr;; they 

mock, and in wickedness utter 
oppression Ps.73,8. 

^plD (from n p;) m. i; burning, 

conflagration; pi c. D^iy ^HiJ^tD 
everlasting burnings I8.33,l4. — 
2) firebrand npj npiD? ^nlDyyj 
and my bones are burned as a 
firebrand Ps.102,4 (£ng. Bible: as 
an hearth). 

mpiD (from n DM f. hearth Lev. 


B^PID (lYom ^ ji; ; III. D^B^p.iD , c. 

^g^piD, also ritrpto) m. snare, 
noose (for beasts and birds) l^DD^ 
D"'?^plD to lay snares privily Ps. 

how long shall this man be a 
snare unto us (i. e. threaten us 
with ruin) Ex.10,7; .o^ D'^f^jjlD il^^ 
to lay snares for one, i. e. to 
plot against him P8.140,6; D^^pp 
1 3.{J ^Jjy.^B the snares (i. e. plot's) 
of the workers of iniquity 141,9; 
ni^ ^{?p^2^ the snares (1. e. fata) 
dangers) of death Ps.18,6. 
TJD see *1D. 

^^ (akin to'lD^j ace. Stb. pre*. *HJ) 

to change, to alter v'*lD D^*?^^ 
'ip ace. Stb.: he hath turned my 
grief into consolation Is. 38, 17 
(Kng. Bible: for peace I had great 
bitterness, taking *1& as a noun). 

Niph, "10^ {^ *ipj) to be changed 
•15: tkh 'in^'^) and his scent is not 
changed Jer.484l. 

Hiph. "I^Cn ifut. *l^p; J tnf. VJ^n) 
1) to change into, with 3 : D^ldj) 



T^lJ^J yh^ I will change their 
glory into shame Hos. 4, 7. — 2) 
tntr. to change, to alter oneself 
np^,kSl ynn^ J^Se^J he that swear- 

• • • • a 

eth to his own hurt, and changeth 
not P8.15,4.— 3) to be transformed 
n? T'tjn? though the earth be 
transformed Ps.46,3 (Eng. Bible: 
be removed). 
KIID (from KT,; af. ^H^D , DJ^to ; 
pi. D^IJ^iD) m, 1) fear, reverence 
Gen.9,2; Is.8,12; DhS K-jHD l\ HQ^?^ 
put, Lord, fear over them Ps. 
9^1 (Ktib H'jiD); '•K^is n»S where 
is the fear of me? (or: reverence 
towards me) Mal.1,6; also object 
of fear or reverence: D38TD K^H 
he is your fear (i. e. he is the one 
to be reverenced by you) Is.8, 
i3.— /^ terror, fearful deed, mir- 
acle Sin^ H'jiDi^ and by great 

terror Deut.26,8;' cSn^ D^K^iM^ 

• • • 

by great terrors (or miracles) 4,34. 
illD (jfi- D^nb and O'^i'^^^U) w. 
threshing-sledge 28.24,22; IChr. 
21,235 Y^^^ ^y^ a- sharp thresh- 
ing-aledge Is.4l,15. 

miO (from IT; c. nito) w. 1) de- 

scent, declivity, slope,!!; 
Jer.48,5.— 2) festoon n^^D riEJgD 
hanging work, festoons lK.7,29. 

miD (from n^C) w. razor -«S n^J^D 
iB^kV^S n^ri no razor shall come 
on his head Jud.l3,5« 

nilO I. (from HT I.; pi D^^iD) m. 

D shooter, archer lS.31,3— ^) 
early rain Jo.2,23 (= H^i^). 

nniD H. (from .Tj; II.; af.pL ^^^, 

T|^|j1C) m. teacher, guide Is.9,U; 
30,20; Pr5,13. 
rrilD HI- (fromnnC) ady. bitter ^JSJ 
nKD niD 'I'snp: the affliction of 

• • • • 

Israel, which was very bitter 
2K. 14,26. 
nniD IV. pr. n. Moreh rfjto ]*hvi or 

n^^ ^^^^« the oaks of Moreh Gen. 

12,6; Deut.ii 30; n':i^Dn-ny55 the 

hill of Moreh in the valley o^ 
Jezreel Jud.7,1. 

anlD 18.18.2 a. 7 for tS*^!?, firom 

DID , which see. 

nnia see nnb . 

T • ^ 

&*nlD (from rT ; c. B^liD; ))Z. c 

^!?Y^ » «/"• D\3''?t 1^^) *»• possession 
Is.14,23; Ob.i7; fig. ':?^i Tt^ 
the possessions of my heart (i.e. 
my purposes) Jb.l7,ll. 

n2^*llD (from tt^V) f. possession 

T T ^ 

n3 n&*1lD iw- w. a city near Eleu- 

- V IV 

theropolis, the birth - place of 
Micah the prophet Mic.l,l4; gent. 
"•n^niD Mic.1,1; Jer.26,18. 

&*10 I. ipret. e^'D ; fut. ^^C^) 1) to 
remove, to depart ^^[J.P ^B^D'kf? 
^.fflD? they departed not out of 
the camp Num. 14,44; tl'pn t^r^g 
nj5 depart not hence Jud. 6, 18; 
also of things: HJlSV ^r\'n 70 8^?^ 
and half of the mountain shall 
remove toward the north Zch.l4, 

4; Ti''§9 n^n niinn ngp tr^D;-^*^ 

this book of the law shall not 




depart out of thy mouth Jos.l^; 

the nail that is fastened in the 
sure place shall be removed Is. 

H^h, B^'-pn ifut, tf '•p;) 1) to re- 
move D5^Di«a DfP ^a^^pp i<S 

from which ye shall not remove 
your necks Mic.2,3. — 2) to cease 
e]59 ^^9t ^^ ^^® preying never 
ceaseth Nah.3,8; nife^gp C^'^pi i*^ 
^"1^ and he doth not cease from 
yielding fruit Jer.17,8.— 3) to 

depart hrjkn T]inp ^^••p; Hh he 

departed not out of the tabernacle 

2^^3 II. (= ^^^ a. ts^e;; fut. trip;) 

to touch, ;,o feel ^VWl H''^t\ 
come near, I pray, that I may 
feel thee Qen.27,21. 

Hoph. B^'^pn ifut. ts^'^p;) 1) to 

let touch, feel ^Jtr'^pq let me 
feel Jud. 16,26 (ZWj.— 2) mtr, to 

touch, to feel j^r^p) ^h\ Drjn; 

they have hands, but they touch 
not Ps.115,7. 

32^1D (from 38^;; c. i^to, sf. ii^iC; 

pi. D^jDiiD , c. nia?^to a. D'^J^lD , 

c. ^3?^1D) w. i; seat IS.20,25.— 
2) sitting, session Ps.l,l.— 3) 
dwelling-place, habitation Lev. 
13,46; af^iD"n^3 a dwelling-house 
Lev.25,29; ^B^ID Ty a city of 
dwelling, i. e. to dwell in Ps. 
107,4.— 4) site, situation ^g^iD 
aits "l^yn the site of the city is 
good 2K.2,19.— 5) time of abode, 
stay, sojourning Kx.12,40.— 6) 

concretely: dwellers of a place, 
inmates wyrn^a Dg^ilD Sbl and 
all the inmates of Ziba's house 
(i. e. his household) 28.9,12. 
^B*^D pr. n. m. Ei.6,19. 

n3B*lD (f^om TI^P; only pi. c 

V IV • T 

niDB^lD) f. band, fetter nlD?^iD iK 
nppfl '^^pp or [canst thou] loose 
the bands of Orion ? Jb.38,31. 
n»tylD (from y^^) f. only pL 
nlye^to salvation P8.68,21. 

DV2 ipret. np, f. nnp, 2 nrip, 

1 ^P,P,3i)Z. ^np.,ii)i. ^:qp;/w. 
n^D; a. rip;, «!>. np,;j i^<. np, 
pZ. n^op , /: ngp ; jwip. np ; mf. 

nilD, n^D, with S : n^D^) to die 
Jb. 14,14; with 2 of the instrument 
or cause: ^^ng r^DQ vh thou 
Shalt not die by the sword Jer. 
34,4; Kpp n^D^ shall I die of 
thirst Jud.15,18; also with ^;)$p 


of cause: 5^55 ^^l?? •••rip^land he 
is like to die for hunger Jer.38,9; 
fig, of a plant: VH ^^OJ ^6V9^ 
and [though] its stock die (i. e. 
decay, wither) in the ground Jb. 
14,8; of waste land: M.niD} nj§^ 
Ujipn« DJ ^inj8"Di wherefore/ 
shall we die, both we and our* 
land? (i. e. wherefore shall wSi 
starve and our land lie waste?) 
Qen.47,19; of the fall of a nation 
Am.2,2; in the sense of disappear- 
ance: HDpn n^Dri D^DV wisdom 
will die (i. e. die out, disappear) 
with you Jb.12,2.- Pt. nfj dying 
Gen.48,21; one about to die 20,3} 



^ ■•• • • 

one dead Jud.3,25; a dead beast 
Ex.21.34; a dead person without 
distinction of gender Deut«25,5; 
Gen.23,4; irf. pi. D^OS the dead 
Ps.115,17; c. ^OB P8.U3,3 a. Lam. 
3 A fig- of idols: D^OB ^GJl sacri- 
€ces of the dead, i. e. sacrifices 
offered to idols P8.10e,28.— Inf. 
rfiO before the finite verb ex- 
presses positiveness; P^D^ ilto he 
shall surely die Oen.2,17, etc.; 
with fut. Hoph. ner nto he shall 
surely be put to death Bx.21,l2; 
mf, with S irm^) is Joined to 
other verbs to give greater force 
to their meanings, as: H^dS nSn 
to be siclc unto death (i. e. fatal- 
ly) 2K.20,1; n^D? S^pi njCj?]?! and 
his soul became impatient unto 
death (1. e. extremely) Jud.16,16. 
Pi. nO^tD (I \'1piD ; fut. nO^D^. ; 
trf. nCjiDP ; inf nO^C) to Icill, to 

slay 2S.i,l6; Jer.20a7; 1S.U,13; 
mp, with 8f ^;pO^D 2S.1,9. 

Hiph. n^ijri (1 ^opa , 8f n^npn , 

;><. n^tj'a ; ' imp. with */•. ^jp-B?. J 
m/*. riDn , n^pH) l) to cause to 
die, to put to death, to kill, to 
slay Deut.32,39; Jud.16,80; 2S.3, 
30. — 2) to annihilate, to destroy 
28.20,19; Is. 14,30; pt. pi. D\n9l? 
destroyers, angels of death Jb. 

Hoph. nQll (fid. no^'' ; pt n^^D) 
to be put to death Num.35,10; 

ri'iD (ancient form nniD Ps.llTJS; 

VIT ^ '^ 

c. nto , 8f ^into , Into , dQto) m. 

death Deut^0,19; ri.)9 \^9 deadly 
weapons Ps.7,14; AJ^n ]5^^ to sleep 
the sleep of death Ps.13,4; M^n 
D)^ sin worthy of death (capital 

crime) Deut.22,26; more fully KlpH 


AJP tDgt^p sin worthy of a sen- 
tence of death 19,6; A}9 1? ^^ 
nip }^^^ one condemnd to death 
IS.20,31; lK.2,2Q;poet. of the grave: 
nip ^nse^ the gates of death Ps. 
9,14; njj} ^TID the chambers of 
death Pr.7,27 ; njp"S« no death, 
immortality Pr.12,28; pi c. '•Qto 
deaths Ez.2S,10, af Vnto his death 
Is.53,9.— onto? Ps.73,4 ace. some 

= toS and on' OdS ni3vnn m 

Dt^^K ^*'*1^^ D/p there are no pangs 
for them, their strength is per- 
fect and firm).— 2) deadly dis- 
ease, plague njp V.15 killed by 
a deadly disease Jer'.l8,21 (£ng. 
Bible: put to death); njp "^^3? the 

first child of death, i. e. the dead- 
liest disease Jb.18,13; of poisonous 
herbs: ^^p3 AJIJI there is death 

(i. e. poison) in the pot 2K.4,40. 
n^D m. death (see n^D'^J?); ]3^ n^D 

a musical instrument Ps.9,1. 
nip Ch. w. death Bzr.7,26. 
ThiO (from 101) »». V abundanct, 

plenteousness "?]K pin rfJitf^OB 
l^to^ the thoughts of the dili- 
gent tend only to plenteousness 
Pr.21,5.— 2) excellence, preemin- 
ence WH npajTlB Dign noto^ 

the preeminence of man above 
the beast is nought Ec.349. 
naTD (from nsi ; c. nsiP , sf ^ri^tp , 




^Q3?I? ; pi- rtn?»D) m. altar n3!0 
J.1 the altar of the Lord Lev.17,6; 
n^iyn nsilj the altar of burnt- 
offering Ex.30,28, or n^njn ns^ij 

the brazen altar Ex 39,39, which 
stood in the vestibule of the 
temple; n'jblpn njltj the altar of 
Incense Ex. 30,5^7, or ^^JH ngJO 
the golden altar 39,38, in the 
outer sanctuary of the temple; 
also of idolatrous altars 2K.21,3. 

JTO to mix, to miugle (wine), 
whence the word below. 

3T0 w. mixed wine, spiced wine 

• I • 

(Eng. Bible; liquor) Cant.7,3. 

ntO to consume, to exhaust, whence 

the next word. 
ilTD (^j- consumed, exhausted; only 


pi c. iy*J. VP consumed with 
hunger Deut.32,24. 
riTO P*'- »*• »»• Gen.36,13. 

T • 

niTD (from nil) garner; only pi. sf. 
'fr^K ]1D D^-^-gt? D^^'j.tJ ^r.i^t? may 
our garners be full, affording 
every sort of store P8.144J3. 

nt^TD (from nr 1; c. nnrij ; pi, 

T : 

m^TtJ) /: door-post Deut.6,9; Pr. 
8,34; Ez.46.2. 
]1TD (from \\\) m. food Gen.45,23 

also Ch. Dan«4,9* 
niT3 I. (from 13J II.) m. binding 

T '^ 

up of a wound, bandage; fig. of 
the remedies for the wounds of 
a state: liTD^ TJAH \1 ]"'8 there 
is none to plead thy cause, to 
bind thee up Jer.30,13; I^^IJ ^'^l 

to remove the bandage, i. e. to 
heal Hos.5,13; by metonymy: a 

wound nnn^i v^n-njj D^npfj Kin 

iTtP"D{J when Ephraim saw his 

sickness, and Judah his wound ib. 

TtTD H- w. net, snare (from ny^to 

spread; comp.Pr.l,17)T19l1^ Pg^JBl 
TJ'^^np lirp ^D**?^; [they that eat] 
thy bread have laid a snare under 
thee Ob.7. 

HTS (etymology obscure) m. girdle 

Ps.109,19; /!^. a bridle of dominion 
13.23,10 (Eng. Bible: strength). 
nna (= nijS ; c nnp) m. girdle, 

fig. strength HfiT D'^p^pK n^tp^ and 
he weakeneth the strength of the 
mighty Jb.12,21. 

T3TD pt. of "121 ^'i''*! which see. 

7TD (from 718 to go, to wander) f, 

only j>I. ri^yj wandering stars, 
planets 2K.23,5. See also DiltQ . 

J^TO (from :hri m. fork, flesh-hook 
is.2,U; DrjB^ri ir*?lp aViq a fork 
of three teeth v. 13. 

nj^TO (= ^bXO) /•. fork, only pL 
rtijrp Ei.27,3. 

nera (from dbi; c ngrp; pi. niarp) 

X • • • ■ 

f. 1) thought V^lsjp-Sj D'»rlS^ ]^K 
there is no God ! such are all his 
thoughts.— 2) purpose *lX?r^*^] 
n^tp ?]pp no purpose is with- 
holden from thee Jb. 42,2; *iy 
^sb ^iDip M.infe^K until he have 
executed... the purposes of his 
heart Jer.23,20.— 3) machination, 
evil purpose or device Hl^y Ib^^ 



T : 

niQJp a man who ezecuteth evil 
devices P8.37,7; n^jp^p T]^?^ 1C?8 
who call thee for an evil pur- 
pose P8.139,20 (Eng. Bible: they 
speak against thee wicl^edly). 

^IdTD (from *15T II.) m song, poem, 


psalm Ps.3,1; 5,1, etc. (it is dif- 
ferent from '^^p , wherefore they 
both occur in conjunction I^Dip 
*1^B^ a psalm and song Ps.30,1, or 
Inverted ^liDt? Tr 48,1). 

mOTD (from ^Z\ I.; only |)?. rf-ipTC) 

/". pruning-hoolc l8.2,4; »/•. DJ^QipfD 

^ypV? (^''oni ^DT I.) f. only pZ. 
rfltpl? snuffe rd, forceps (for lamps) 
2X.7,5bj Jer.52,18. 

*l»tp (from IJy) wi. littleness, few- 
ness "lyjp B^i:« 1bT« and few 
men are left ls.24,6: nrtD t:ra 
a very little (of time) 18.10,25. 

1TD to be corrupt, foul, whence 

•TJD t= ^yj) /"• only P^' ^^"^iO the 
constellations of the Zodiac Jb. 

mTD (from H^^) m. winnowing 

shovel Jer.15,7. 

niTD see on® . 

mTO (from nnr ; c. nnjij) m. sun- 
rise, the east Ps 107,3; more fully 
^9? '^^l? the rising of the sui.' 
Deut.4,47; Tl-^Vl Hirip^ on the 
east side of Jordan lChr.6,63; 
with n loc, nn'519 eastward Ex. 

27,13, c. tS^py ngiTD toward the 
sun-rising (eastward) Deut.4,41. 

D^^TD w. j>Z. northern winds or 


constellations (= nil^S), the north 
Jb.37,9 (Vulgate; Arcturus). 

ynrp (from yn; ; c. ynjp) m, mowd 
field Is.19,7. 

pITO (from pij; pi. D^pjjp and 
nip;)I9 , c. •'p;]!^) m. sprinkling 
vessel, bowl Num.7,13; Zch.14,20; 
Ei.38,35 a wine-bowl Am.6,6. 

no m. falling D'^nfi ^'^^V burnt 
sacrifices of fallings Ps.66, 15; 
fig. rich, wealthy D''^| n^ng nU^n 
^':3i<'» the ruins of the fallings"' 
(i. e. of the wealthy) shall stran- 
gers eat Is.5,17. 

nS (fromnriD) m. marrow Jb.22,24 

Nna ifut. Nnp^ ; inf. 8f. TJSTO) to 
strike, to clap «]3 KHIJ to clap 
the hands (for Joy) ls.55,12; Pe, 
98,8; n; TIgOB ]?: because thou 
hast clapped thy hands Ez.25,6 

NHD Ch. to strike, to smite Dan. 

2,34 (cut N*n9 Dan.5,19 Is pt Aph. 
from iTn, which see). 

Fa. Kn? to strike, with TJ 
upon one's hand, i. e. to restrain 

Ithp. ^ntJOK (fiU. «np05) to be 
fastened (with Si?) "p'^N PlKn; 

"riSy. m^n) «i^ijti nn^s let^imber 

be pulled down from his house, 
and being set up, let him b€ 
fastened (hanged) thereon fizr. 

M^HD (ftom K^n) m. hiding-place 

D^^'M^nfi a hiding-place from the 
wind Is.32,2. 
XinO {= «ane) ♦». hldlng-place, 
den; only pi D''ljl3n8 IS.23,23. 

niano (from njg ; V. ^nnsTO) /•. 

Juncture, seam ri^Jj?n riT^nSS In 
the second Juncture £x.26,4; n@V^ 
to*?3D5 over against its Juncture 
(close by its seam) 28,27. 

niano Urom "gn 5 oniy jpL nin?op) 

viv- : ^ • • 

f. i^connecting beam 2Chr.34,ll. — 

2) crampf hooks (for Joining) 
POnO (flrom run) f, pan, firying- 
pan Lev.2,5. 

f^'jiOe C^""^™ "^^5) f' girding, girdle 

nnOI. (akin to«pp; fut. n^); 

pt. ngb ; imp, nnp ; mf, rin^ , 

n^np) i^ to touch on, to adjoin 

(with hvj rr^p'^x ^Qr*?8 nnp^ 

and it shall touch upon the coast 
of the sea of Chinnereth Num.34, 
11.— 2) to wipe oflris.25'8 (tears); 
Pr.30,20 (the mouth); 2K.21,13 (a 
dish).— 3) to blot out "n^ 30?! 

and he shall write the curses... 
In a book, and he shall blot them 
out with the bitter water Num. 
6,23; ^T9TO MVXM I will blot him 
out of my book Ez.32,33; fig, to 
efface from the memory, to for- 
get n?J} oSiy'j g^riD DD?^ thou 
hast effaced their name for ever 
and ever Ps.0,6; ^S^$ HDP blot 



out (forget) my sins 51,3. — 3) to 
wipe or blot out of existence, to 
destroy Dipin-^J-np ^O'^np^ and 
I will blot out (destroy) every 
living substance Gen.7,4; ^O^Opi 

nn^vn-n« ngpr^^sa ci^r^^''^ 

C!Vr^8 neni np9 I will wipe (de- 
stroy) Jerusalem as one wipeth 
a dish, wiping it and turning it 
upside down 2K.21,13. 

Niph, ngi?; (/w. nrj^: , ap, rxff) 

1) to be blotted out, effaced, de- 
stroyed D^^'S^^B ^npj; and your 
works may be blotted out Ez.6,6; 
D^l^ rsji[ let t^eir name be blotted 
out'P8.109,13; np/J-^K 1©^ n«BD] 
and let not the sin of his mother 
be blotted out (forgotten) v. 14; 
D^pjD'^J'^l? HBIl and every living 
substanbe was destroyed Qen.7,23. 
HipK ngpj? {fvJt. ap. npin , for 
which Jer. 1*8,23 ^ritj^ ; inf. with 

h : ninp^ for ninon?) n to wipe 

out, to blot out ^lljn HQ^'tK wipe 
not out (forget not) my good 
deeds Neh.13,14.— 2) to destroy 
]^5^p ninijS r\^^^y{ nor [give] thy 
ways to that which destroyeth 
kings (i. e. to adultery) Pr.31,3* 
nriD II. (= nriD) tc be marrowy 

T T 

{Kal not used). 

Pu. ngp only pt pi D^J9?^ 
Q!PPP fat things full of marrow 
Is.25,6 (= D^npp). 

nj^nO (from Jl^ri) /*. compasses I& 
T : 

TinO (from Un ; c. ?inp) m. prop. 

border, coast, hence; haven^harbor 





Qf 9g T^n9 the haven of their de- 
sire Ps. 107,30. 

^K^VlO *• '^K^iTO pr.n. Sk descend- 

ant of Cain Gen.4,18. 
D^inO (for ^IDB) ^cn<. of an un- 

known place IChr. 11,46. 

hTitS (from 'r^n ; c. 'rintj) m. i; 

dance, dancing D\xnt?9 ^Vip the 

• • • 

dances of those that make merry 
Jer.8i,3.— 2) pr. n. w. IK.5,11. 

njinp, n^rnj c^Sini; ; pi, ri^hp) 

f. uance Ex.15,20; D:^n&3 nVnp 

the dance of a double company 

^n^lnp gent, of n^^nij ^a^ , see 

under ^^^. 
ntHp tf'om n^rj ; c. r^tXIBl m. vision, 

apparition NunL24,4; Ez.13,7. 
ntriD (firom nin) m. a place to see 

Tv: V ^^ 

through, a window IK.7,4. 
nl«nnO pr.fum. lChr.25,4« 

riHD to make soft, E?arrowy, fat, 

whence tjtp a. Dp* 
^Hp (ftom nn^ 1) m. stroke, blow 

?3p ^np blow of the battering- 
ram Ez!26,9. 
Nl^nO pr, n. w. Bzr.2,52. 

iTHD (from iTQ) f. 1) preservation 

of life Gen.45,5; hence: means of 
life, sustenance Jud.6,4.— 2) raw 
spot, the quick ^Q "i^2 ninp^ 
^t^^i and if there be a spot of 
raw flesh in the swelling Lev. 
?K^'np see S{5;^nip ,. 

Tnp (from inD i) m. i) price, 

value n^ *1^IJP P)B§ the money, the 
value of this lk.21,2; HTnp t^^ 
the silver for the price thereof 

Jb.28,i5; pi. 8f. Dri^TTO? ^'r\'^\ 

• • • • 

and hast not increased [thy 
wealth] by their price Ps.44,13.^ 
2) wages, hire n1^ I'^OP? 5'^d3 
her priests teach for hire Mio. 
8,11; TIJP5 ^^^ without pay, gra- 
tuitously Is.45,13.— B) pr. n, vik, 

n^np (from n^(J) m. sickness, dis- 
ease Pr.l8il4. 

n'Pnp /*. sickness, disease Bz.15,20. 

n^np i^r. n. /l of two persons Num. 
26,33; lChr.7,18. 

nyno see nSlnp . 

n?nO (flrom S^Q) f. hole, cave; 

^ • • • 

only piL, ^^V n^^tip the caves of 

the earth l8.2,19. 
]1^np PT' ^' tbe first husband of 

Ruth R.1,2. 
^pnp jw. w. w. of two persons Ex. 

6,19; lChr.23,23. 
^^7np (from rhn) m. disease, only 

pi. d^:*:db 2Chr 24,25. 

^t^np (from ^n ; comp. Rabb. pi^Q) 

w. knife, onlyi)Z. D^p^Qg Ezr.1,9. 

nfi^np (from «l^n ; pL rfishqi , c. 

nifi^nP) /•. braid, plait of hair 

nX^HD (from {^^n II.; only pL 

rfvjf-'') f' ^®5^^v® garment Is. 
3,22; Zch.3,4. 




np^HD (from p^U) Ch. f, division, 
It: : - • • 

class Ezr.6,18. 

Ivi : - '• *. • ' • • 

1) division, class, course (of serv 

ants of the state) lClir.27,1 a. 2.— 

2) in the p-. n. np,r}21 y-fi (the 
roclc of divisions), a place in the 
wilderness of Maon IS.23,28. 

rit^HD f. name of a musical instru- 

ment Ps.53,1 a. 88,1 (Fuerst: a 
musical choir that dwelt in S^K 

rnhp ; comp. n^pi). 

n'PnO pr. n. 1) daughter of Ishmael, 

wife of Esau Gen.28,9.— 2) wife 
of king Rehoboam 2Chr. 11,18. 

^n^hO gent, of n^lnt} ^5« , which 

• ^ • • • • 

see under ^JK, 

nXOnO (from «en; onlyjpZ.rfSDng) 
T T *: - ^ • 

/*. prop, something smooth as 
butter, hence; smooth words, flat- 
tery V9 nit^DDP ^p^g the flat- 
teries of his mouth are smooth 
Ps.55,22 (other interpreters: his 
mouth is smoother than butter, 
taking here the for ]tp). 

IDHp (from non ; 5. 1805; J??- 

i; desire, delight ^[^X'V. "1Q08 the 
desire of thine eyes IK. 20,6; 
n:t?5''^pn5 the delights of their 

• • • 

womb (i. e. their dearest olT- 
spring) Hos.9,16.— 2) pleasant 
thing, something precious, costly 
Jo.4,5; Lam.1,11; ^''^CDB t} her 
costly vessels 2Chr.36,19.— 3) 
loveliness D^BHB ^^? he is al- 
together lovely Cant.5,16. 

IDHD (= wipe's) m, something 
pleasant, preciouS}* only pL sf, 
n^lPCJS her pleasant things Lam. 
1,7.' '* ' 

^cra (from ^Og; c. hiyyQ) m. 

prop, object of pity or sympathy, 
hence: desire, delight D.;}S^p2 ^600 
the delight of your soul Ez.24,2i. 

nXpna (from J^eg) a something 

V|V ; ■■ 

leavened Ex.12,19. 

njno (from n^g: c. nADB, sf ^-^jq&i 

pi D'»;DP Num.13,19, 8f. Tjnb , 

. • I • » 

DJ^-JDB , Dp^ADD ; more frequently 
pi ni:qB;'du.*n^iqB Cant.7,l) m. 
(f, only Gen.32,9*a. Deut.23,10) 

1) camp, encampment Deut29,10; 
Jos.6,11; Ex.16,13; Num.13,19.— 

2) host, troop of warriors Deut. 
23,10; Ez. 1,24; of non-warriors 
Gen.50,9; poet, of locusts Jo.2,r 
hence also a company, a rov. 
Gen.32,8; 0:^^83 n^inp? as the 
dance of a double row Cant.7,1. 

ITTljriD pr «. a place near fll'jjj 
Ony.Mn Judah Jud.13,25. 

D^jnO jw. n. a city on the confines 

•I — : - 

of Gad and Manasseh 2S.2,8. 
pjnO (from pig; c. pjOB) w. a 
strangling, death Jb.7,15. 

npno, npgD (from nggj c. nRgc, 

«/" ^PnC) wt. protection, shelter, 
refuge D^JD npHD a protection 
from the storm Is. 25, 4; D^^p 
D"'JS?^2 ?^5TO the rocks are a 
refuge for the rabbits Ps.104,18: 
fig. of God Jo.4,16; Ps.14,6. 


pno [fy^ ro?! ; *^P' ro?) prop. 

to split or divide (akin to n^ri , 
{^Itp), hence. 1) to pierce, to crush, 

to wound inj?;! n^^gi n^qo she 

pierced and struck through his 

temples Jud.5,2ejB^Nn rnn) D\*JSk 

• • • 

^^|l^k God shall wound the head 
of his enemies P8.68,22.— 2) to 
dip, to shake 7\hn }^n?n TiS^ 

« • • • 

Wl? that thou mayest dip thy 
foot in blood P8.68,24; with omis- 
sion of 05 • {^nip; vyrn. and he 
shall shake his arrows [in their 
blood] Num.24,8 (Eng. Bible: and 
pierce them through with his 

J^riD m. bruise, cut, wound f^njj 
Kg^J inSD he healeth the bruise 
of their wound 18.30,26. 

r\^rif2 (from nvn) f. the half Ni n* 

Tv; V ' • 


QIDHD 3flw 

Dions (from DQp) w. bridle, muzzle; 
fig' DiDDB '•?'? nnp5^{« I will guard 

• o • • • • 

my mouth with a muzzle (i, e. 
I will refrain from speaking) Ps. 

•^IDHD , "^bne (from iQn) m. de- 
fleiency, want, need, poverty ]^K 
"^J'J'^J TDIID there is no want 
of any thing Jud. 19,19; TliDnD-*?3 
"^^V let all thy wants lie upon 
me V. 20j lltoQO '♦^ sufficient for 
his need Deut.15,18; lionB ^^V 
nnQ&^ ^^^( he that loveth plea- 
sure will be a man of want (i. e. 
a poor man) Pr.21,17. 

iTOnO pr. n. m. Jer.32,12. 

V iv-j- 

n^xno, nvqe (from n^n;»f. Vi^vdd, 

np7DB , Dp'VqO) f' 1) the half 

Kx 30'l3.— 2) the middle Neh.8,3. 

pno (= f^nij) to pierce, to cut 

through Jud.5,26. 
^^pr'? l^^'om *^i2Q) *». prop, object 

of searching, hence: inmost depth; 

only pi. c. f "IK ^!lpr9 the inmost 

depths (Eng« Bible: deep places) 

of the earth Ps 95,4. 
^nD 1) to exchange, to barter, 

whence Tnp.— 2) ace. Stb. to 

be changed, renewed, whence tb^ 

next word. 
*inC w. a. adv, 1) the next morn- 

T T 

ing, the morrow, to-morrow IplJ 
V^^T\ to-morrow is the new-moon 
IS. 20, 18; more fully "IPD Di'' Pr. 
27,1.— 2) to-morrow Jud.20,28; 
1115 A?$ to-morrow about this 
time lK.19,2; more fully ngj *ip9 

nmn Jcs.11,6; n''?*^?^n intj ngj 

abofit this time to-morrow or of 

the third day 1^.20,12.— 3) in 

time to come, hereafter Gen.30,33; 


nN^inO (from \r\r\) f. privy, sink, 
T T-: - 

a place of refuse; only |)i.nifc*^n8 
2K. 10,27 (^*e&, for which Kri has 

n&nnO (from e^in; ^f. In^lQD; 
pl. ri^tr^ntj) f. mattock, spade 
(different * from nfTDB, with 
which this word occurs in the 
same verse) IS. 13,20 a. 21- 

n^hnO {Bf, ^n?^:iQ5) /•. i luugbshare 

V iv-: - 

IS. 13,20. 



870 nsD 

mnO (= "IDQ ; e. fllffiS ; adverbial 

tt:t ^^ ^'^ 

sf. D{)^p^) f* a. (uiv. the next day, 
to-morrow rijnijS *ip|?n rf^SS 
when the morning rose the next 
day Jon.4,75 nior© fully ^5t:?- ^^^ 
the next day Num.11,32; ^1^^199 
n^S^n on the morrow after the 
sabbath Lev. 23, 11; ^ISJ'TS 
^Wt-9- ^"^^ ^^* evening of the 
next day lS.30,17 (Dp^Pg is an 
adverb, the ff/". D being adverbial 
as in Dlji^ , Dp^H). 

nnS^^HD a. Mfi?ne (from jg^p ; pi. 
nl3B^nS , c. nUt?nD) /: i> device, 
plan, Intention, thought 2V^ 
n^C^DQ to devise a device, to 
conceive a purpose Jer.18,11; 4d, 

30; nn.^na-78 2m itt^K tojgcjB 

his device that he had devised 
against the Jews Est. 8,3; ^S<7 
liD PK? ri^^S^DB purposes (or 
plans) are frustrated without 
counsel Pr.15,22; ^3*? rfatJ^TO Ij; 

• • • 

the imagination of the thoughts 
of his heart Gen.6,5.— 2 J skill, 
Invention, art, work of art riJKSlp 
ni^rp work of art Ex. 35, 33; 
n^in'n5<^QQ n^i^S^CI engines 
[which were] the invention of 
artificers 2Chr.26,15; ^liraiz 
nl^^DB to devise works of art 
•tjB^ne (from Hpn ; pi. D^SB^DB , e. 
^SS^nO) w. 1) darkness, the dark 

liK*?' nrr^iSb H^™ D'i?« i win 

make darkness light before them 

Fs.42,16; nn^t?jJ5 ^1^05? n;m and 

their works are in the dark Is. 

29,16; as adv. ^^08 '•JJ'J^p my 
acquaintances are in darkness Ps- 
88,19.— 2) dark place 0^5^00? 
^j3^t^1n he hath set me in dark 
places Lam.3,6; K^^'^S^CjB the 
dark places of the «arth Ps.74,20* 
fjfc^HD (from C)gn) m. a peeling off, 

a laying bare (in an adverbial 
sense) )9^n ^^^p laying bare the 
white Gen.30,37. 
JTHD pr- w. w. iChr.6*20. 

rUTID (from ngg ; af. Vl^flB ; pL 
ntoriB , rinno) f. l) coal-pan, flre- 
pan, incense bowl, censer Ex.27, 
3; 2K.25,15; Lev.l6,12.-~ 2) snuff- 
dish, tray Ex.25,38; 37,23. 

nnno (from nog ; c nen?) f. i) 

crushing, destruction, ruin Ps.89, 
41; Pr.18,7.— ^ terror, conster- 
nation ls.54,14; Jer.17,17. 
mmO (from non> f, breaking in, 

viv : - ^' w » 

burglary Ex.22,1; Jer.2,34. 

K&O a. n^B Ch X) to come, to 

reach (with h or "Ig) Dan.4,8; 7, 
13.— 2) to come, to arrive fc^JBl 
npB the time came Dan.7,22; with 
7g ! to come upon, to happen to 

UEDKtpD (from K^tS)m. broom, bes- 
om;' lig. npp^D WBPB? i?^OB«Bl 
and I will sweep it with the bes- 
om of destruction Is.14,23. 

n!3lpO (from n^^) m. slaughter, 
massacre Is. 14,21. 

nao (from ntoj; c. ngB, *A ?1?B. 
i"»!BQ ; J>^. ^^^B » */". '>^5 -CiB ' once 

V - 



r^9 Hab.3,U as If from D^ipQ) m. 

1) stick, rod, staff Kx.4,2; Num. 
20,9; 1S.U,43; onj .166 rod of 
branches (1. e. the rod holding 
the branches together) £z.l9J4; 
iV HQQ strong rod Ez.10,11, else- 
where staff of power Jer.4d,17, 
ruler's staff, sceptre Ps. 110, 2; 
D^yril^P the staff of bread, i. e. 
means of subsistence Lev.26,2(y; 
Ez.5,i6; DSI HgO staff of wrath, 
i. e. instrument of punishment 
ls.10,5 (= ^K D^K); ntaaS. Dp^Dljnq 
Pf^^ violence is risen up into 
a rod of wickedness, i. e. as a 
rod to chastise it £z.7,ll; n{;Q 
nnp^D the staff of appointment, 
L e. the staff of punishment ap- 
pointed of God Is.30,32; iD^^ n@Q 
the staff of his shoulder, i. e. the 
rod by which he is beaten 9,3; 
nn»; >^\ n§8 ^yijtj^ hear ye the 
rod (of punishment) and who 
hath appointed it Mie.6,9; HlgQ 

£z.7,10 ace Ibn Ganach same as 
n^P injustice, wrong (Fuerst).— 

2) stem, tribe (= M??); ^t HBO 
the tribe of Levi Num.1,49; HgQ 
n-Tin; the tribe of Judah 13,5; 
]iycfc^ '•M HfiQ the tribe of the 
children of Simeon 34,20; ^J^K^ 
ntesn the heads of the tribes 

IK. 8, 1; ntesjn n^^K ^;?«p the 

heads of the fathers (families) 
of the tribes Jos.l4,l;n^Be VtV^"^ 
*ipi< according to the oaths to 
the tribes, even thy word Hab. 
8,9 (Ges.: cworn are the rod/s of 

his word, i. e. the promised chas* 

ntSD » ^ '^915 (ft'om np^) adv, dowa, 
downwards, beneath, below, under 
neath Pr.l5,24; H^^ H^p very 
low Deut.28,43; with prepositions: 
a) with h : ^P^ downward Ec. 
3,21; of quantity: under D^*]^^ ]^p 
n^t^Sl n^^ firom twenty years 
old and under lGhr.27,23; with 
pp : below, less tnan ^^''A^fiP n^P7 
below our sins, i. e. less than 
our sins deserve Ezr.9,13. h) H^Ppp 
from below, underneath Bx.27,5. 

nQD (from Hlji^ ; c. nep , sf. ^0?9 i 
pi. ntep) f. 1) bed, couch 2S.4,7; 
IS. 28,23; Ez.23,41.— 2) litter, 
palanquin Cant.3,7.— 3) bier (for 
dead bodies) 2S.3,31. 

nffiO (from npj only jpL rfisp) /l 

spVeadlng out, expansion nitsp 
V^ijJ) the spreading out of his 
wings {fig. of the rising of a 
river) Is.8,8. 

ntSP (from n^j!) /. perverseness, 

injustice (prop, a bending of 
right) npp ngSlj Tyn) and the 
city is full of perverseness Ez.9,9. 

niBD (^rom HJI^) m. a spinning, 
somf^tning spun Ex.35,25. 

t^^aO (from ^DD ; c. S^PP) m. bar 

• T • 

(of metal) Jb.40,18. 
^OQ in Ar. to hammer, to forge, 
whence ^ P^. 

]lCtpD, PPO (from ]519 ; pi. D''J&PP, 
c. ^jPPP) m. i; hidden place. 




underground Jer.41,8. — 2) hid- 
den store, treasure Gen. 43, 23; 
D^'jripp ^A9?9 treasures of secret 
places Is.45,3. 

ytSD (from yg^ ; c. V^Q , sf. nygO ; 

pi. c. ^}f^Q)m. planting, plantation 
nyao niJI-JS the beds of her 
plantation 'Ez.l7,7i ^VfiO "^XJ tho 
branch of my planting Is.60,21; 
Q.?9 W^Q the plantings of a 
vineyard Mic.1,6. 
OrpO (from DVip ; pi. D^P5?t:9 a. 
niQVpP) m. savory food, dainty 
W?« "^2^85 D^eSeC savory food, 
such as i love Gen.27,4; WOH'^Tg 
V^iQl^ipg^ be not desirous of his 
dainties Pr.23,3. 

nnfitDO (from njip ; pi. ningtjp) /•. 

covering, mantle (others: shawl) 
R.3,15; l8.3,22. 

^&0 (akin to n*lC3) prop, to be 

moist, hence: to rain (KcA not 

Niph. 1B9J Ifut. ipp:) to be 
rained upon T^jafl nps Hj^SlJ one 
piece of land was rained upon 

JTiph. Tlppn (/W. I^PK, ap. 
^ip.p: ; j?#. T'PPO ; inf. 'T'ppn) to 

• • • 

send rain, to cause to rain Am. 
4,7; ls.5,6; fig. of other things sent 
down from above in the manner 
of rain, as hail £x.9,23, lightning 
P8.11,6, fire and brimstone Gen. 
19,24, etc. 

'1B0 (ftom npl} ; c. "ipp ; pL nillft} , 
cYi^W) m. rain lK.174; '^W 

7\1!,lt the rain of thy seed Is.dO 
23; sometimes coupled with its 
synonym Dw j to strengthen its 
meaning: L^.^ IgD abundant raiu 
Zch.10,1; Wnnpp Otf^ the pour- 
ing rains of his strength Jb.37^. 
nCDD pr^ n. f. Gen.3e,39. 

N*lt30 see n'lBp 2. 

T T - 


nnag (from "ip:) f, 1) prop, plaof 

of guard, hence: prison, dungeon 
n^apn isn the court of the pris- 
on Jer. 39,15. — 2) aim, mark iS. 
2(3,20; Jb.i6a2; X^h n^BQS as a 
mark for the arrow Lam. 3«12 
(Ktib Knep). 

^nCDD pr^ n. m. IS. 10,21. 

^p (only du. D^D, <^ d;^, c. ^ft ana 

'•P'»p , «/: v^'^p ; with n loc. np:,e5) 

m. jy water D^\n D^D living (i. e. 
running) water Gen.26J9; some- 
times with predicate in the sin- 
gular: V'p'jp Q^.Q*'?r. water runneth 
out of his buckets Num.24,7 (lor 
^*?|^); nJ<aO ^p water of purifica- 
tion Num.8,7; HIJ ^p water of se- 
paration 19,13; D^.Dgg/P water to 

• • * * 

the ankles £z.47,3j ^n^ ^p waterb 
of swimming v. 5; sometimes the 
absolute form is used instead of 
the construct, as: {'Q^ D;p water 
of affliction IK.22,27 a. ls.30,20; 
U\y\^ DIP water to the knees Ez. 
47,4; peculiar expressions: ^P 
Vi^"^ water of poppies, i. e. ft 
poisonous drink Jer. 8, 14; '^P'lp; 
Dili's water of the feet, i. e. urine 
2K.i8^7 (Krz by euphemism for 



ri? or ]Qf)\ n'JlT ^;S9 from the 
waters of Judah, 1. e. from the 
seed of Judah Is.48J (but it is 
probable that the word ^igC stands 
here for ^g^p , comp. Qen.15,4; 
2S.7,12 a. 16,11); poet, of tears: 
019"^Sr ^re?981 and our eyelids 
may drop down water Jer.9,17; 
as a figure of abundance and 
multitude Is. 11,9; Ps 88,18; of 
{^reat overwhelming danger: ^Kf 
fi^SfHS D^B the waters are come 
in unto my soul P8.69,2; of pre- 
cipitation: D^.S| tng unstable as 
water Qen.49,4; of terror: ^57 DgJ] 
d:P^ ^T1 D?? and the hearts of 
the people melted, and became 
as water (1. e. it quailed} Jos.7, 
5. — 2) in the composition of 
proper names: a) 2Q^ ^5 (the 
water of gold) Gen.36,39 b) ^Q 
iV'IVI a city in Dan Jos. 19, 46. 
c) D'npJ ^5 a fountain in Judah, 
near Jerusalem Jo8.15,19. 

^!2 pron. interrogative: who? (of 

persons without distinction of 
gender and number) HJ. ^p who Is 
this? Ps.24,8; HJ «n ^D who is he? 
Est. 7,5; nj.^n t5^^N*n-»p who is this 
man? Gen.24,65; ng ^p who crt 
thou? R.3,9; n«? '•p who is she? 
Cant.6,10: pi H^fJ ""p who are 
these? Gen.33,5} doubled for the 
sake of emphasis: D^jShn ^pi -^p 
who are they that shall go? Kx. 
10,8; also in reference to things, 
when the idea of person is in- 
cluded, as; njn njn@n-^5 tj^ ''P 


who to thee Is this whole band(com- 
pany of people)? Gen.33,8; 7^f ^p 
what is thy name? Iprop. who 
art thou by name?) Jud 13,17; "^p 
^in ^9^ ^?^^ who am I and what 
is my life? IS.18,18.— Tlie oblique 
cases of ^p: after a noun in 
the construct state it is put in 
the genirive case, as: ^p 713 whose 
daughter? Gen 24,23; ""P TDQwhose 
ass? 1S.12,3; ''P"13T whose word? 
Jer. 44,28; the other cases ard 
marked by prefixes: '•p^ to whom? 
Gen.32,18; '•pp from wliom? Ez.32, 
19; ^p? by whom? IK.20,14; '•p-fljf 
whom? IS.12,3; sometimes with 
*7 in the genitive, as: nsg ^p^ 
whose art thou? Gen. 32, 18. — 
Sometimes ^p presupposes nega- 
tion: gni^ '•p who knoweth? (i. e, 
no one) Ec 3,21; "ip«^ ""P who will 
say? (no one) Jb.9,12; <»5 S^.p ••? 
nnc^ D^J3 r\p^i'^\l who would have 
said..., thai etc. (no one would 
have said) Gen.21,7. — "^p some- 
times serves merely as a sign of 
inter rogatioi/. 3pK2 Dp^"^p shall 
Jacob be able to endure? Am. 
7,2 a. 5; TipniBl ^p can I comfort 
thee? Is. 51, 19 (comp. Talm. 
interrog. particle ''p).— With 
fut *p often expresses a wish; 
tSpiC* ^i'0)f\ ^p who will make me 
judge? 1. e. Oh that I were made 
judge! 2S.15,4; a usual formula; 
]r\\ ^p who shall give, i. e. Oh 
that ! Jud.9,29; nji^a 13« '•'?"]5r'9 
Oh that I had wings like a dove! 
Ps.55,8: DltrmiS 'i^Ql ^P Oh 

T : •• 



that I were as In months pastl 
Jb.29,2.— 2) Indefinite: whoever, 
any man, every one d^*)3T '^gj ^p 

L ■ 

D?J\i8 2^1! whoever hath any 
cause, let him come unto them 
Ex.24, Uj nWpnni «:];'9 who is 
timid and fearful, let him return 
Jud.7,3; nrii ^P ^'V^ take care 
of the young man every one of 
you 2S.18,lJi (Eng. Bible: beware 
that none touch the young man). 
H]3T'D pr, n. a city in Reuben Jos. 

13,0, afterwards in the possession 
of Moab l8.15,2. 

*tn^D pr. n. m. Num. 11,26. 

2^0 (from 3EC i c. M"'B) m. the 
best, the choicest Hnn^ 3e^Q the 
best of his own field fix.22,4; 
ri^'? ^B''Q the best of the land 

aya see ny tp a. n;y ip . 

biiyf2 pr. ». Michael: i) one of the 

•• T • 

seven archangels, the advocate 
of Israel with God Dan.10,21.— 
2) son of king Jehoshaphat 2Chr. 
21,2 and various other persons 
Num.13,13; lChr.5,13; 27,18; Ezr. 
nyO pr» n. Micah: 1) one of the 

T • 

minor prophets, surnamed ^/I^IDTJ 
Mic.1,1 (InJer.26,18Z«*.n;y9).— 
2) person mentioned in lChr.8,34 
(= NJ^p 2S.9,12) 

n^i^D pr. n. m, name of several 

persons 2X.22,12 (= nytj 2Chr. 
34,20); Neh.12,35 (= K}'*? Neh. 
11,17); Neh.12,41. See also nj^tj L 

VVyti pr^ t». 1) commander under 

ITT • 

king Jehoshaphat 2Chr. 17,7.— 
2) wife of king Rehoboam 2Ghr. 

Vl^^^O pro n. m. 1) a Levite who 
:t • 

set up idol-worship in Dan Jud. 
7,1 = nj^p V. 5 etc.— 2) a proph- 
et in the times of Ahab IK.22,8, 
for which also HJ^p 2Chr.l8,24 
and ^nj^'P V. 8 (Ktib).^ 3) an- 
other person Jer.26,11. 

byi2 1. (from hsi = ^^3 to con« 

— • • 

tain) m. prop, water-holder, hence: 
brook DJgn Sj^p the brook of 
water 28.17,20. 
by^ 11. pr, n. wife of David IS. 
14,49; 28.6,16. 

D^D see ^8 


]^p*p pr. n. w. 1) a person men- 
tioned in Ezr.10,25 a. Neh. 12,5, 
for which 12,17 has rP;^P — 
2) another person lChr.24,9. 

rp (from jID) m. prop, division, 

hence: species, kind; only with sf, 
trpS , \ny^^ after its kind Gen. 
1,11 a. 12; -YP^ l,24;i>l. ^r. n.TJ^P^ 

nprO see ^l\Hiph. 
Km*.* •• 

•nD\p Ktib for T19^13 , which see. 

n»fi^D , nSjBB P". n. a Levltical 

city in Reuben Jos.13,18; 21,37, 
afterwards belonging to Moab 
Jer.48,21, where Ktib nVjiD . 

pp (from f^^C) m. pressing, squee^i- 

ing out ^bn {^^p the pressing 

(1. e. churning) of milk Pr 30,3; 
fig. 3'»T iOV^'' DJBB r''9 t^e press- 
ing (1. e. forcing) of wrath bring- 
eth forth strife ib. 

KB^'^D pr. n, w. lChr.8,9. 

T " 

^KK^^Q pr. n, m. i^ a persn men- 

tioned in Ex«6,22.— 2) companion 
of Daniel Dan. 1,6, afterwards 
called T]?^p.— 3) another per- 
son Neh.8,4. 

Iltr^p , "^"^V (from nigj) m. prop. 

evenness, hence: level land, plain 
nlB^''t}'? ir^vn n^m the uneven 

shall be made level Is.40,4; ^JH.jQ 


IW^P {^5^3 guide me on a level 
land Ps.143,10; with art, ^itS^^ljn 
the plain in the territory of 
Reuben Deut.4,43, whose cities 
are called ^^it^^^l ^:)y 3,10.- 
2) fig, righteousness, equity Is. 
11,4; Mal.2,6; as adv, righteously 
nW-'p D'^tjg 6bV0 ^? for thou 


Shalt Judge the people righteous- 
ly Ps.67,5. 

tJB^^a pr. n. w. Dan.1,7 = '^gC^^p ;2, 
which see. 

J,*2^^D pr. n. Mejha, a Icing of Moab 
2K 3,4. 

VVf^Q pr. ». a son of Caleb IChr. 

IB^^D (from "18^: ; only pi D^^'^Q) 
m. i^ straightness, uprightness, 
equity Dn5^''t? p''is!? ntjh the way 
of the just is uprightness Is.26,7; 
njf"in D'•^C^^B thou hast pleasure 
Ir 'uprightness lChr.29,17; p'Jlf 


I^^'I^P^ D^^P Justice, judgment, 
and equity Pr.l,3;Dm^'B? D^9J; ]^:^; 
he shall Judge the people with 
equity Ps.96,l0; fig, agreement, 
concord, peace D^'l^^p nitS^gS to 
make an agreement Dan.11,6. — 
2) as adv. righteously, uprightly, 
sincerely T]^^7U D'*1^''Q they love 
thee sincerely Cant. 1,4; D^l^**!) 
^tSgB^r) do ye Judge uprightly? 
Ps*58,2;Dn5^'»B^, D^f '•05 smooth- 
ly, sweetly Pr.23,31; Cant.7,10. 

yVQ (from ^o; ; pi. Dnp^fi , af. 

nn^Q, TIJCl^O) m. 1) cord of a 
tent ^pnj ^15''!}-*?§ all my cords 
are broken Jer.l0i20. — 2) string 
of a bow Ps.21,13 (see the quo* 
tation under \\^ Pi^ 
?TD see TJ^D. 

ni<30, :i^»5B (from :i^^; pL 

n^ii^^^ a. nUk^B) nk. pain, dis- 
ease Jb.33,19; fig. mental suffering, 
sorrow, grief Lam 1,12; Ec.l,i8. 
T33D (from *155) m. fulness, abun- 
dance 1^555^ ^ii^ food in abun- 
dance Jb.36,3V 

K^32& pr- «. a city in Judah 

lChr.2,49 (= 1^33 Jos.15,40). 
^333D pr- n. m. iChr. 12,13- 

*133D (from ^IJJ) m. prop, some- 
thing woven, hence: cloth, cover- 
ing 2K.8,15. 

*133P (from ^3^) m. prop, some- 
thing twisted, hence: grate 1^;D 
f^^'J nj^JJC a grate of net-work 
Ex.27,4. ' 

T - 



; 13a (from nj^ ; c. njD ; pi n^3B) 
f. (three times pi m. U^^'Q 2K.8, 
29J 9,15; 2Chr.22,6) 1) beating, 
smiting, blow, stroke HJl njg 
many strokes Deut.25,3; ^*JQ ri36 
with the stroke of the sword Est. 
9,5; nj8 T\^^ to impart blows Is. 
14,6. — 2) wound, sore HJSn'Dl 
the blood of the wound lK.22,35; 
n^l.p njD moist (suppurating) sore 
Is. 1,6; D^?B n^n to give wounds 
2K.8,29.— 3) defeat in war n|ri 
n^D to smite with slaughter, 
to defeat Jop. 10, 10. — CS^^n 
niSD 2Chr.2,9 = n^fsD D^Bn wheat 
for food iK.5,25 

m^O (from ni2 j c. nijtj) /: a burn, 
a burnt spot Lev.l3,24. 

pD (from p3 ; c. ]i3l? , «/■. ^jlDp ; 
pi D^jl^t?) m. place, dwelling- 
place t}^V^ ^^^V) 1^^9 in ^he 
place which thou hast made for 
thee to dwell in Ex.15,17; figpli 
^Kp5 pp t2fB^lJ^ justice and judg. 
men! are the dwelling-place of 
thy throne Ps 89,15; ^J^OP? HD'^JS 
I will look down on my dwelling- 
place Is. 18,4.— 2) basis, founda- 
tion yi^r^P'S?? riS np: who hath 
founded the earth upon her bases 

Ps. 104,5; ^.:iDn-^a n''i?»nS to set 

• • • 

it up on its foundation Ezr.2,68. 

05^';? ; pi mizp , 8f, vn:iD?) f. 

1) place Zch.5,11. — 2) stool, sup- 
port, basis Ezr.3,3. 

• • 

nnlap, n'5^31?/'. origin, birth 11!0-I3? 
?]^0S^*D^ thy birth and thy na- 
tivity Ez.16,3; csnn^^jp {^ns the 
land of their origin, their native 
country 29,14 (prop, the place of 
their digging out, from •113=n^5 
to dig; comp. 18.51, 1). 

TiO iw. *^. V * son of Manasseh 
Gen. 50,23, whence pod, for Ma- 
nasseh Jud.5,l4; gefd. ^T^t^ ^^m. 
26,29.— 2) another person 2S.O,4. 

Tj^O (akin to 1\\a , yKO ; fut, ?fq; 

^3'lp^) to be brought low, to 
sink, to perish D^^S \ia^ and 
they were brought low for their 
iniquity Ps. 106,43. 

Niph. ^OJ (/W. ?]e:) to sink, to 
go to ruin TTpm 1\^\ DIQ^VSS 
by slothfulness the frame-work 
will sink Kc. 10,18. 

Hoph. ?]Sri to be brought low, 

pi. ^Dpn Jb.24,24 (for 13911). 
• •. 

HN^aO (from vH) f. fold, only 

T T • • 

pl c. ]r<V rf«^?IJ sheep-folds Ps. 


n^DD I. (= HK^??) /: sheep-fold 
^ • • • • • 

n'?30 11. (from 7\hS) f. comple- 

T« • • • 

tion, perfection; only once pH 
an? rf^59 perfections of gold, i. e* 

• • • 

perfect gold 2Chr,4,21. 

^l^iD (from ^!?|) w. perfection, 

splendor h^^yo ^t?57 clothed in 
perfection, i. e. splendidly, gor- 
geously Ez.23,12. 

^^^30 » ^ /'^B w. something pertect. 




• T 

costly thing; only ol. D'*?^'?? 

costly wares (especially splendid 

garments) £z.27,24. 
^t)iD (= *?^*??9 ; c. ^!??9) m. per- 

fection ^9^ 95?9 perfection of 

beauty P8.50,2. 
jnVSD (contracted from n^?KB) f. 

food liT'a*: n^3B food for his 

household lK.5,25. 
V220 (from JDD) w. treasure, only 

V^. D^iB59 Dan.11,43. 
DD30 P^' »• a place in Benjamin 

Ezr.2,27 = ITD?!? 1«J3,5. 
TD3D (from IDS) wt. net, hunter's 

net Is.51,20. 
iOiD (= "^B??) w. net, only pL 

D"''"fO?12 Ps.141,10. 

n-lDiO a. m'Dpp (from 18?) f. 

net,' fish-net HabJ,15; l3.19,8. 
SfO^D iw» ^' a place in Benjamin, 

east of ]J.^J"n'•a IS.13,2 a. 5, for 

which also S^B?B Neh.11,81 and 

DCpp Ezr.2,27. * 

rt^DDD P*"' ^- *^ place on the con- 

fines of Ephraim and Manasseh 
'^ilJiD pr. n. w. Ezr. 10,40. 

D^Di^O (from DJ| ; c. ''BJ?B) wt. du. 

breeches, drawers (of the priests) 
nj-^RJJP linen breeches Ex.28,42. 

DiD (from DCS) m. prop, deter- 

• I • 

minate number, hence: census, 
tax, tribute Num.31,28. 
HD^O (from DDJ ; c. npJB) f. num- 
ber, amount Ex. 12^4. 

HDiD (from HDS ; c. HpJDj w. cov- 

ering, roof ':ni<^ •"'B?? a cover- 
ing foi tbs tent h:x.26,14; Hp?? 
'"^JPD the covering of the ark 

riDip (pvop. pt Ft, of npj) m. 
1) covering, cover H^*^^ yjf; ^''innri 
nyjjin ?153B^ the worm is spread 
under thee, and thy cover is 
vermin 18.14,11; of the covering 
of a ship Ez.27.7.— 2) clothing 
p''0? '"^BSB/ for durable clothing 
Js.23,lS.— 3) covering of the in- 
testines Lev. 9, 19; fully iJ.^nn 
^:5&Tn8 npjpn the fat that cov- 
ereth the inwards Ex.29,13. 

TwBym iw« «• Machpelah, a tract 

near Hebron, where the patriarchs 
and their wives were buried Gen. 
23,17 a. 19; 49,?0; n^fj^izn nnS^D 
the cave of Machpelah GeL.23,9; 

n^D ifut. nsp: ;pt. njtoj imp. nbp. 

D^^B) to sell, to deliver up, 
with < of the person to whom 
Qen.25,33; with 3 of the price Jo 
4,3; Ps.44,13; with JB*. to sell ot 
(partitively) Ez.48,14; with T3: 
to give over into the hand of 

Niph. 13B1 iM^ I3a:;in/-.^39'T > 

8f. n?i$n) to be sold Lev.25,48; 
with h for what Ps.105,17, or of 
the person to whom Neh.5,8; fig. 
to be given over Est.7,4. 

mhp, ^?Dnn (/w. nssoi ; inf. sf. 

^ISBO'"?) to sell oneself, to bo 




sold Deut.28,e8; fig. 1350? 1»8 
yyi niB^JJS who sold himself to 
do what is evil IE.21,25. 
IDD isf. n5?p, D;|?D) m. l) thing 

V|V ^» ^* 

for sale, ware Neh.13,16.— 2) 

price, value Num.20,195 Pr.31,10. 

T3p (from 13^ 5 a/". n^D ; pL «/*. 

C^9^!]$Q) ni, acquaintance, firiend 
maO (from n^5 ; c. nn??) m. pit, 

y • • • • • 

mine n^lJTin?? a salt-pit Zph.2,9. 

niDD Z**^ word (CO mp .Qreekmachaira) 

DD^O'WP D^n '»Ij5 weapons of 
violence are their swords Gen. 
49,5; ace. Aben Ezra: pact, cove- 
nant (from *129 to sell, to nego- 
tiate); others; habitation (= n^OQ 
nativity; thus Eng. Bible: instru- 
ments of cruelty are in their 

^n^D iw. n- w. lChr.9,8. 

^m^D 9^- of an unknown place 

njiP lChr.11,36. 
^WiD , "^fe*?? (from S^ J ; j»l. D'bfe'W) 

• • • * • 

m. stumbling, stumbling block 
hVy; IPO »*'' IW ^J?":? nor put a 

• • • • 

stumbling block before the blind 
Lev.19,14; ••?? ?in?D Sitr^t} ^D^n 
take up (remove) the stumbling 
block out of the way of my 
people Is.57,14; SiC^JlJ 11V a stone 
of stumbling l8.8,14; fig. entice- 
ment 11? Hb^51?^ DjS ,Tin: «Sl 
that iniquity may not entice you 
Ez. 18,30: i!?. ^iC^?P reproach of 
heart, scruple of conscience IS. 

nt)&'iO (from Sg^J ; irf. niS5??5) f. 
i; fall, ruio Is.3,6.— 2) entice 
ment D^V^l'T^? nlS??55n the 
enticements with the wicked Zph. 

iWip (ft-om noj) wt. 1) writing, 

written characters Is.32,16.-— 2) 
something written, letter 2Chr. 
21,12; a written production, a 
composition Is.38,9. 

nn;p (from no?; «f. ^n^??) f. 

breaking, fracture 18.30,14. 
Dn30 (from DHJ) m. a written 

composition, a poem (= ^?9 2)^ 
only in the inscriptions of Ps.l6 
and PS.66--60. 
B^fl^D (from IS^O?) w. i^ mortar Pr. 

27.22.— 2) hollow, socket of a 
tooth (prob. from its likeness to 
a mortar) Jud.15,19.— 3) ffr. n. 
a valley near Jerusalem Zph.1,11. 

«te (1 '0»^>^ , once ^0,bo Jb.32,18; 
3 pi once l^lj £^.28,16 for 1«SjJ ; 

i; to *l)e full, to become full pVn 
VgnrSj-^5;K|?D the Jordan was 
full to all its banks Jos. 3^15; 
with accua. of the thing: tc be 
full of D^Q^D «lj!p ^rrn the moun- 
tain was full of horses 2K.6,17; 
V^ 1K^5 D^y^T the wicked are 
full of evil Pr.12,2; '•^^I^P ^^. ^BQ 
I am full of the fury of the Lord 
Jer.6,11; n^k^ ''O^D I am full of 
words Jb.32,18; of desire: to be 

satisfied '^V^l "^^^^^S^^ my desire 

• • • 



shall be satisfied upon them Ex. 
15,9; with iS: to presume, to 
dare ]S rftr?^ 13^ 1k|jI? ^^». 
whose heart was full to do this 
(i. e. who presumed, dared to do 
it) Est.7,5 (comp. Ec.8,11); of time: 
to be fulfilled, accomplished, com- 
pleted ri^JV HK^i; her time of 
sorrow is accomplished Is.40,2; 
^0^ ^^'?9 my days are fulfilled 
Gen.29,'21; of the time of preg- 
nancy. m*?S n^e: ^K^ft^J and her 
days were fulfilled to brkig forth 
Qen.25,24; Q't^^SJil ^G\ ^w'^U! ]S so 

• • • • 

were completed the days of em- 
balming Gen.50,3 — 2) tr. to fill 

y. n^rng «!?? W?n the cloud 

filled the house of the Lord IK. 
8,10; Dipn n?5'^§ ^K^^they have 
filled the land with violence Ez. 
8,17. — 3) to consecrate, to make 
ready lliz 0^*0 031?. ^«^9 conse- 
crate yourselves to-day to the 
Lord Ex.32,29; n'^^^^*ii ^^*^P get 
the shields ready Jer.51,11. 

Niph, kIjDJ ifut. ^hm to be 
mied, to become full (with accus.: 
with) h^ t6ci "^^Hl^ fur my 
head is filled with dew Cant.5,2; 
njjn ]Dn t^^J$\\ and Haman was 
ftiU of wrath E8t.3,5; with inf. as 

noun:;; T^rnH wnS nS?^^?^ 

the earth shall be filled with 
the knowledge of the glory of 
God Hab.2,14; of time: to be ful- 
filled, accomplished nV2J? kSj^I 
D^p"" and seven days were ful- 
filled Ex.7,25; of premature ter- 


mination of life: »^m tov k'?? 
it shall be accomplished before 
his time Jb.l532. 

Pi. K^p (once K^P Jer.51,845 
M' «!?C:, once n{?e: Jb.8,21; pt 
K.^ep , pi D^K^ep ; hnp. «^D , inf. 
Ǥ0, rfKi^B) i) to make full, to 
fill «^BR bn^nHv*^ I will fill their 
treasures Pr.8,21; with two accus.: 
to fill one with: ah'npjn Dgk «^p 
he hath filled them with wisdom 
of mind Ex.35,35; ^jgK*?? Dgl thou 
hast filled me with indignation 
Jer.15,17; rarely with |P of thing; 
^^IJSB ^B^;i? «^? he hath filled 
his belly with my delicacies Jer. 
51,34; of desire or appetite: to 
fulfil, to satisfy -7J V. «!?B: 
T]'»Oi'78B^P may the Lord fulfil all 
thy wishes Ps.20,6; ••? W?l N.^p'? 
DVy^ to satisfy his soul when he 
is hungry Pr.6,30; of food: to supply 

kJjd;? Dn;5? n?n thou suppUest 

the food of young lions Jb.38,39; 
of urink-offerings; to pour out 
T](jpp ^;p!2 D>*Sppn that pour out 
libations to fortune 18.65,11; of 
time: to fulfil, to complete TltJ 
^^'Q& ^^P; ^6QP the number of 
thy days 1 will fulfil (complete) 
Ex.23,26; n«T V:^^ K -JP fulfil (com- 
plete! the week of this Gen.29,27; 
hence: to give in full D^«i>PU 
rh^^ and they gave them (the 
foreskins) in full number to the 
king IS.18,27; of words: to con- 
firm T.??T^? 'W^?^ and 1 will 
confirm thy words lK.1,14 (Qes.: 
I will complete thy words); of a 

T • 



river; to fill up, to overflow wn] 

Vpir^^J-'rS? t^hjSQ and it (Jordan) 

filled up to (overflowod) all its 

banks lChr.12,15; of gems; to fill 

In, to set ]58 Hg^^P ^^ Qk!?D1 and 

thou shalt set in' it settings of 

stones Ex.28, 17; ni^^g^ ]$« n^nqjl 

and in cutting of stones to set 

them 31,5; irng K.^p to fill the 

power of one, to empower, to 

consecrate in the priesthood Num. 

3,3;Ex.28,41.-~ Joined with another 

verb as adv.: fully, wholly ^fc^^fj 

\tfh^ cry fully, i. e. aloud Jer. 

4,5 (Eng. Bible renders \tfhji 

•gather together'): n^(5 ^0^!?9 «^cc. 

Ges. elliptically lor 'inii ^0«^9 

n^I^n I fully bent the bow Zch. 

9,13; so also ;'; '•^.S ^I?P for K.^D 

11 ''X.8 n3i:S he wholly followed 
• • • • • • 

the Lord Jos. 14, 14. 

Pu. K^e (pL «^pt?) to be filled 
in, to be set (of gems) nn^ ''b;'?^ 
B^^e^*in3 D^K^pp gold cylinders 
set with the chrysolite Cant.5,14- 

Hithp. fc< v.prin to gather or crowd 
themselves pt*^??; ''!2j? ^Dl they 
have gathered themselves to- 
gether against me Jb.i6,l0. 
«^D Ch. (3 f. n^Sp) to fill Dan. 

Ithp. ^'jpnn to be filled Dan.3,19. 

c. poet. '•^S^O , pi. ni«^.9) adj. 1) 
filling (in this sense It is a pt) 

9m I not filling (do I not fill) 

heaven and earth? Jer.23,24; V^^tS^ 
^^yDD'ng D'^Sl^P his train was 
filling (filled) the temple Is.OJ — 
2) full, filled kS^ eip5 the full 
money, i. e. full price Gen 23,9; 
^I?B D^*^ a full (strong) wind Jer. 
4,12; with CUXU8. 'h^ D^h^^rp D"]?! 
21D houses filled with all good 
things Deut.6,llj D''Pi«^p full of 
days, i. e. advanced in age Jer. 
6,11; tS5?^p ^0»!;P full of judg- 
ment Is. 1,21. — S) as adv.: fully 
«i3P B^a; B^il stubble fully dry 
Nah.1,10.— 4) as n.: fulness, 
abundance, multitude t(Sp ^Q 
waters of fulness, i. e. abundant 
Ps.73,10; »bji Tina ^^li? they 
have called a multitude after thee 
Jer.12,6 (others: they have called 
aloud; comp. ^J<70 ^H*T^ under 
«Sd Pi.). 
tkba a. Hi'rp (once 1*7p E2.41,8; sf. 

1ji*?P , n{<^P) m, Jf) fulness, what 

• • • 

fills up ixSp^ D^n the sea and its 

fulness Ps.96,ir, Hij^P^ {^•3^ the 

earth and its fulness Ps24,l; in 

c. «19S W3 r<Sp the fulness of 

his house of silver, i. e. his house 

full of silver Num.22,18; *?} N*?P 

11135 V'HM the fulness of the 
• • • • 

whole earth is his glory, i. e. 
the whole earth is full of his 
glory Is.63; M'JPP tkhlf the ful- 
ness of your hands, i. e. your hand* 
full Ex.9,8; iVpip »iSp his handful 
Lev.5,12; ip'j^n'l^Sp a full omer 
Ex.16,33; n;.f5J1 i^^p the fulness of 
a reed, i. e. a full reed Ez.41,8: 



T • 

T1V18 S0Tr<S5 over the full breadth 
of thy land 18.8,8; ^noip-fc**?? the 
fulness of his stature, i. e. at his 
full length 18.28,20.— 2) mul- 
titude D;iJin-«*?lj a multitude of 
nations Gen.48,'l9; D^l kSo a 
multitude of shepherds Ia.31,4. 

nvhn i»f. W^W f' V full fruit, 
full ears (of grain) ?18511 T10K^.e 
thy full (ripe) fruits and thy 
liquors Ex.22,28; :ii5;D-]lJ nK^M 
as the ripe fruit (others: fulness) 
of the wine-press Num. 18,27. 

PlNte (c. nS^D ; pi. 8f. Dipk^^9) f. 

a 'filling in, setting ]^^ wV? 
setting of stones Ex.28,17. 

n^«^D (c. '•B^p) n». pi 1) filling in, 
• • • •, 

setting (same as H^^IJ) D^N*?? ^A5S 
stones for setting Ei.25,7.— 2) in- 
stallation, consecration (of priests 

in office) Dys^D ^B^ nr<*?i? Di^ ns 

until the days of your conse- 
cration be at an end Lev.8,33; 
hence also: consecration-offering 

1]«^D (from n«S; c. ?l«^0;«^^5^f^e, 
tow'^D ,^a Nah. 2, 14 for 

Ti;9N*^D, 1^2K^B) m. messenger, 
heraid IS.23,27; U'h^ ^JS^D mes- 

• • • 

sengers of peace Is.33,7; poet. Hfe^y 
n'nn 1'♦5^^^S he maketh the winds 
his messengers Ps. 104,4. — ^^ angel 
Gen 24,7; more fully ^l tlgtSlS an 

• • • 

angel (prop, a messenger) of the 
Lord Qen.16,7. 
T\2Vbn (from IkS ; c. n3«^.l? ; *^. 

\T5k5i?, TiWK^P, 1n5K!:o; jrf. 
niinT? , c. pj! nbs're)' f. 'work, 

business nj«<!^9 Hj^j? o^ to do 
work Ex.20,10; 36,8. h) to do busi- 
ness Dan.8,27; nil^J HSk!:? work 

• ■ • • • 

of labor Lev.23,7; of artistic work: 

^^Q ^?^v? ^^® work of an en- 
graver 'ex.35,35; njg^np rQ^fht} 
work cf art v. 33; nVSPD niists 
works after a pattern lChr.28,19.— 

2) work, manufacture, thing made 
"l^y n3«!:p work of leather, i. e. 

• • • 

anything made of skin Lev.13,48.- 

3) something acquired by work 
or business, goods, property Ex. 
22,7 a 10; hence also: cattle Gen. 
33,14; 18.15,10 (in the latter pas- 
sage the Eng. Bible renders H^xSp 

n^i«te {c. n^K^D) f. message 

^iK'PDlw^. «. one of the later proph- 
ets Mai. 1,1. 

n«{?D (from Kh?) f- filling in, set- 
ting nK^p-Sg ni:iB^'' fitted in 


their settings (of the eyes) Cant. 

B^^a^D (from trjS ; pi D'^B^^sSp) »»». 

garment, clothes Zph.i,8; Ez. 16,13. 

]3^0 (den. from Hji^ brick) w. 

brick-kiln 28.12»31 (Ktib \ih'Q)\ 
Nah.3,14; in Jer.43,9 ace. some: 

n^P (from h^^ ; sf. ^0^9 ; .P«. D'^? 
a. \h^ , c. ^7.0) f, word, speech 
(only pocf.) ^Jltr*:-^? In^p his word 
was upon my tongue 28.23,2; ^o!?tJ 

n^lp 882 

D^^^IJ I am full of words Jb.32,18; 
W?^lI I'^i'P ^::^^ if thou hast 
words, answer me 33,32; hence: 
by-word, proverb n^ljS DQ^ \TJ0 
and I am their by-word Jb.30,9. 

n\t2 Ch. (c. n^D , ckf, ^nhp ; pi. 

H? 1 «• 'il9» ^Z"- «T^9) /"• ^^ word, 

speech Dan. 7,28. — 2) command 
Dan.2,10. — 3) thing, matter Dan. 

1t)D see Kfp. 

Nl^P (filling up, mound) pr. n. Jf^ 

a fortress in Jerusalem 2S.5,9. — 
2) a fortress in Sechem Jud«9,6. 
n^7D (from vfyQ salt) m. a salt- 

plant, sea-purslain (mentioned as 
food of poor people) Jb.30,i. 

'iphta pf' «. w*. 1) a person men- 
tioned in lChr.6,29.— 2) another 
person Neh.10,5, for which ^'•'jlj 
12,14 (Ktib ''9^^B). 

n^t^Q. nj'^p (from 1\h^) f. icing- 
dom, state H^Ttpn D£2^p the sta- 
njlSjjn •T'V the royal city 2S.12, 
26; nj^^^en KgJ the royal throne 
lK.1,46; rijl^pn y^J^the royal seed 
(i. e. royal line) Jer.ilJ) HB^? 
rO^SD to administer the icingdom, 
to reign lK.21,7. 

^3^^D pr. n. see r\hD 2. 

\bD (from \\h ; c. Ji^l?) m, night- 
quarters, lodgings, inn, shelter 
Ex.4,24, more fully D^n'^i< liSp an 
inn of wayfaring men Jer. 9. 1; 
poet, nyp yht^ the lodgings of its 


limit (i. e. the summit of Leba- 
non) J4K.19,23, for which Is.37,24 
i^i? DillJ the height of its sum- 

il}t>a (from ]h) f. 1) a lodge, hut 

I8.13. — 2) hanging- bed, hammock 
(used as a protection against wild 
beasts) Is.24,24. 

ri/Q I. to rub small, to reduce to 
dust (Kal not used). 

NipK nSpj prop, to be rubbed 
small, to be pulverised, hence: 
to vanish rh^\ ]B^y5 D^.O^ ^J for 
the heavens like smoke shall 
vanish away Is.51,6. 

rh^ II. (den, from rho ; fui, rHf",) 

to salt, to season H^DJ^ H^Q^ 
thou Shalt season with salt Lev. 

-Pm. n^p {pt, n^DD) to be salted, 
jpiced £x.30,35. 

Hoph. nizpn (m/". n^ff^) to be 

rubbed with salt tThy\ ^^ ^^PO 

thou wast not salted at all £z 


n'PD w*. salt n.gS n_D to season 

- IV • ^ 

with salt Lev.2,13. The tasting 
of salt formed part of the cere- 
mony at the conclusion 0/ an 
alliance, hence: n_5) ^Hr a cove- 
nant of salt (1. e. a sacred and 
inviolable league) Num. 18, 19; 
n^B y5I to sow with salt, i. e. to 
make barren (like a salt steppe) 
Jud.9,4;.; n^B y^^i a pillar of 

• ■ 

salt (into which Lot's wife was 
turned) Gen.19,26; n^B !T?.?B salt- 



pit, salt-mfne Zph.2,0. — nizj) 
occurs in several compound geo- 
graphical namesi see ^^ , Q^ , T^ 
and 7{3. 

n^p Gh. m. salt Ezr.4,14; 6,9. 
tlhO Ch. to eat salt (coupled with 

the noun vfrq) nizp-^ *?ai?"^? 

KjnSp fc<^?^n because we have 
eaten the salt of the palace (i. e. 
eaten the king's bread) Ezr.4,U. 

nt>D (from n|?5 I.; only pi D'^PiSd) 

m, prop, something rubbed to 
pieces, hence; rag, tatter Jer.38, 
11 a. 12. 

n^D (ace. Ges. den. from n^P in 

the signification: sea-salt, sea) m. 
seaman, mariner Jon.],5; pl» sf, 
Dri\n^B Bz.27,9. 

nn^Q A a salt steppe Jb.39,6; 
coupled with {^^M ^ salt land, 
i. e. a barren land Jer.17,6; Ps. 

n^rhn {ftom DnS II.; c. nep^e, 

8f. toDnSip ; oz. nion*?? , c. nion'rij) 

• • * • • « 

f. war, fight, battle Is.2,4; poet, 
weapon of war P8.76,4; more fully 
ngn^p "»Ij3 instruments or weap- 
ons of war Jud.18,11; •^95^9 ^^¥ 
warrior 1S.16,18. also enemy Is. 
4142) with the genitive of the 
enemy: iTH ^yn nlDnSlJ C^'^lSJ 
*^i?113 Hadadezer was the man 
of the wars of Toi, i. e. he had 
been engaged in wars with him 
28.8,10; ^WD/9 n^a the house of 
my war, i. e. with which I wage 

war 2Chr.85,2l; nj^fl nteCJ^l? 
battles of shaking (i. e. battles 
in which the arms are swung for 
the purpose of striking) Is 30,32; 

irm) DV ngp^ij Tjtiy iHj^^ to 

make war with Gen. 14,2 a. 8. 
t97D to smooth, to be smooth, slip- 
pery {Kal not used). 

Niph. ttSpj (/W. tD{?p; ; pt, D^W ; 
inf. tD.7^n) to slip away, to escape 
(with 98) IS.27,1; hence: to de- 
liver oneself ib., or save oneself 
(with ]Q) Ec.7,26; sometimes also: 
to get away, to hasten away IS. 

n. ID.^D (firf, tD.^Jj; ; pi, ID^.Q9 ;^Q; inf. tt^D) 1) to deliver, 
to save 28.19,10; tD.^lJ ir^ij he 
would have delivered his soul 
Kz.33,5.— 2) to lay (eggs) Is. 
34,15 (comp. Hiph. 2), 

Hiph. D'^^pri 1) to deliver la. 
31,5,— 2) to be delivered of, to 
bear l8.66,7. 

Hithp. tD.^50ri (fut. D^OI) 1) to 
escape ^|t? liyj '"Ip^SOgy and 1 
am escaped with the skin of my 
teeth (i. e. I have barely saved 
my life) Jb. 19,20.— 2) to escape, 
to leap out (of sparks) B^B n;n^3 
^tD^Dip; sparks of fire leap out 

u)t3 (prop, smoothing over) m. 

mortar, cement Jer.43,9. 
JT'tD'JD pr. n. m. Neh.3,7. 

^^^D see Ifhli 2. 



rhhti (from ^20) f. an wt (of 

grain) Deut.23,26. 
r^D (prop, ^t Hiph. of {^A ; jA 

D^'^^P , c. ^X^^W w. i; interpreter 
GeD.42,23.— jS;^ messenger, ambas- 
sador 2Chr.32,31.— 3) one who 
intercedes, an advocate P7Q ?]K7Q 
an Interceding angel Jb.33,23. 
nX^t^O (from r^S) /: i; riddle, prov- 

erb Pr.1,6.— 2) satirical song, 
taunt Hab.2,6. 
76q I. (akin to TjH^ to minister, 

fid. i[h^\ ; pt ^jSb ; imp. ^ht^ ; inf. 
i[h^ , i[bt^ , tf/^. iD^D) prop, to ad- 
minister, hence: 1) to be king 28. 
15,10.— 2) to reign, to rule (with 
hv I over) Gen.37,8; IS.8,7. 

mph. Tl^^ljn ifut If^Pl, ap. 

t!»l ; pt' T^PB ; '^f- Ti'W) to 

make king, to constitute as king 

Eoph. ?]^Oi'J to be made king 
Tjte II. (= Ch. lf?fi) to counsel 
{Kcd not used). 

Niph. ^I^IJJ {fut. ?lSp^) to take 
counsel, to consult ^5? ^J^ ^i???J 
and my heart took counsel with 
me, i. e. I determined Neh.5,7. 

D'''?Sp,Pr.31,3 pSp, 2S. 11,1 

D^jK^P; c. ^;}*?Q, «/•. ^r^59, Dyj^B , 

Dn^a?B , P^,??tJ) m. Jf; king, ruier, 
prince Gen.14,2; ^!^9"19 ^^® ^on 
of a king, i. e. a king descended 
firom kings P8.72,l: ^^T]^ the 
80D of ^he king, i. e. a prince 

28.13,4; of the king of Assyria; 
^^1|D ti^ the great king 2K. 
18,10; of the king of Babylon; 
D^pSp ^'?.9 the king of kings Bz. 
26,7; of God: rfiHff y. Tjir^l the 
king, the Lord of hosts Is.6,&, or 
n^^?D ^*?)5 the king of glory Ps. 
24,7.— 2) false god, idol (comp. 
1\^b) Am.5,26.— 3)pr. n. m. IChr. 
8,35; 9,41; also with art. rfri^J 

•JJ^D Ch. (def. H$)li;pL ]^?^0, Bzr. 

4,\3 D^?^B, de/. KJJ^O) m. king 
Dan.2,8;'7,l; of the king of Baby- 
lon: «J3^B n^.19 king of kings Dan. 
2,37, and of Persia Ezr.7,12; of 
God: K^B^ ?]^ the king of heaven 
Dan.4,34,' or p^B «:i9 Lord of 
kings 2,47. 

"ajD Ch. wi. counsel, «/". ''$'?B Dan. 

4,24 {see rf21^ II.). 

TPb l^*** ^* Moloch, an idol of the 

Phenicians and Ammonites, to 
whom infants were sacrificed Lev. 
18,21; 2K.2340. (Comp. also tisf^p 
a. DJ^B . ) 
n*l3^D (from H^S) f. net, snare; 

8f. <fl^^SB Jb.i8,ia 

n|?0 ¥• -nto^?) r- queen B8t7A 

r\2it2 Ch. (de/: Kjpi^) /: quecD 

Dan 5,10. 
nsha pr. n. f. Genai,29. 

T : • 

^^n Ch. (c. Dtt^e : def. KpO^ j 

^ n;?^» , (feA «o;?Ve) r. v wag- 

dom, realm Dan. 2, 30 >■ 44; aa 




043-: royal ^^Q il^^ the royal 
rosldeoce Dan i,27 ; «r)^3^B *'3\T 
the royal palace v. 26. — 2) reign, 
dominion B^J^^'^. r^^^B the reign 
of Darius Ezr.4,24; Dan. 64; of 
the dominion of Qod Dan 3,33. 

nd?12 (from lt^) f. kingdom, 
kinghood, royal dignity lChr.20, 
25; BBt.4,14; as adj. n^D^C ^^ 
royal crown Est. Ml; n^i*?D *131 
royal command v. 19; with omis- 
sion of the noun modified: t!f3^FQ 

n^^'re *l{nQK and Esther put on 

• • • 

her royal apparel 5,1 (Stb.: and 

Esther attired herself in royal 

fashion, taking r^37Q as adv.).— 

2) kingdom, realm, state 2Chr.ll, 

17; pi. ni^5':B Dan.8,22. 
« • 

^K^3^D jw. ♦»• ♦». Gen.46,17i ^«rf. 

• • • a ^ 

^^«^??8 Num.26,45. 

n*3te a. ^1*9^0 jw. n. nt. of dif- 

ferent persons Jer.38,6; Ezr.10,25; 
MS"^3^D PT' w. m. Melchizedek, 

^ viv • : - 

king of Salem (Jerusalem) Qen. 
DT'S^D pr. n. m. lChr.8,18. 

yiB^''3t'D jw. A. son of Saul IS. 

&3^D P^' ^* ^* -2) a person men- 

tioned in lChr.8,9.— 2) an idol 

of the Ammonites (= <I^9 ^' ^'^^9^ 

Cb^O V^' ^' an iciol of the Am- 

monitcs (= 1^ a. DJ^O ;2) IK. 

n^te (=nj^B) r. queen fl?!?!? 
D^.Bt^n the queen of heaven 
(Phenician godhead, prob. As- 
tarte, i. e. the planet Venus) Jer. 

na^D , with aid. njSbo ^. n. f. 

V|V ^*^ 

^^D I. to speak, to talk (mostly 
poet; Kal not used). 

Pi. SijB (fut. h^Xil) to speak, to 
say n^«-S^B^ ]g-na how long 
wilt thou speak these things? Jb. 

8,2; 39,3; 0^4^ T^p^i'U - 72B ^i> 
n^^ who would have said..., 
Sarah shall give children suck? 
Po, ^b.^D fig. to give a sign 

1^!?«? ^5to 1^J^8? ri^P l»e wink- 
eth with his eyes, he speaketh 
(i. e. giveth a sign) with his feet 

bbtS n. (=^^fi) to circumcise, in 

- T 

Kal only imp. *jo Jo8.5,2. 

Niph. ^Bi iM- ^B: , pl- "h^^) i) 
to be cut off (others: to wither) 
ll^lff? ^^\ *^S8B from above his 
branch shall he cut off Jb.l8,l6; 
1^9; n-jriB 'T'yp^ they shall soon 
be cut down like grass Ps.37,2.— 
2) to be circumcised, to circum- 
cise DSoSiy ng^? n« Dp^BJ^ and 
ye shall circumcise the flesh of 
your forskin Gen. 1 7,11 (=Di!3^^BW. 

Pu. h^^n (fut. SStel) to be cut 
off or down Ps.90,6. 

HUhp. Si;iDpn ifut. ^^^.loo!) to 

be cut ^^5;D0l''^fi? 'i'^yn iflT. 'when 




he bendeth his bow to shoot his 
arrows, let them (the wicked) be 
as cut in pieces Ps.58,8. 
bhtp Ch. only Pa, h^l^ to speak, to 

say Dan.7,8 etc.; D^ 7^Q to speak 
with, to say to Dan.6,22. 
^^D jw. n. m. Neh. 12,36. 

note (from lp7) m, goad (an 

instrument for guiding oxen while 
ploughing) ^Ij^Sn HD/B an ox- 
goad Jud*3,3i. 
Y^Q (= dSd) to be smooth {Kd 

not used). 

Niph. (^Spj to be smooth, pleas- 
ant ?i\;?^W '?n^ ^v^prnp how 

pleasant are thy words to my 
palate! Ps.119,103. 

*1S^D w»- overseer (others: chief 

butler) at the Babylonian court 
Dan.1,11 a. 16. 

thO (= Ch. ji?p to pluck) to break 

off, to nip off (the head of an 
animal^ Lev. 1,15; 5,8. 

nlp^O (ffom nj2S) m, 1) prey, booty 

• • •• '• •• . • 

the captives, and the prey, and 
the spoils Num.31,12.— 2) du. 
Q?DwO the two seizers, i. e. the 
jaws; only af, ^nip^D pl^l? >f^^)^ 
and my tongue cleaveth to my 
Jaws Ps.22,16. 

vernal Tail? ^whieh iMlc in Pal- 
«stin ) in the montli of > isan be- 
fore bhe harvest) I)eut.]l,14; Jo. 
2,23i oftfc»n coupled with H^^^ tfce 

early or autumnal rain Deut.U, 
14; Jer.5,24; poet, of eloquent 
speech Jb.29,23. 

Djnpte (from rijj^) m* du. tongs, 

snuffers Is.6,6; af, 5^,55^5 Num. 

nnn70 (from Urh) f. wardrobe, 

T T : V 

dress-chamber 2K.10,22. 
VJ^P pr. n. m. lChr.25,4. 

nrn^a (from yrh) f. prop, biter, 

T T : - 

grinder, hence: tooth; only pi. c. 
nij^fl^B Ps-58,7; also with letters 
transposed rty^OP (see ny^np). 

mjeO (from 1« I.} pi. ni1JtJ5) f. 

T. . 

Store-house, game.' Jo.1,17. 

^DO (from Tig) m. measure, ex- 

tent; only pi. af. nngp its mea- 
sures Jb.38,5. 

P^Dp pr* «• one of the seven court- 
iers of Xerxes K8t.l,14; v. 16 Ktib 

nlOD (from H^D) m. death (others 


also: dead body, corpse); only 
pl. c. y n ^niop nej thou sbalt 
die the deaths of them that are 
slain £z.28,8 (Fuerst: and thou 
liest dead there like the corpse 
of one slain); SrHQl D'^JJ^QO ^QiDp 
they shall die deaths through 
diseases Jer.16,4.— D^O'^P 2K. 
1 1,2 Ktib for D'^O^^D the slain. 

ITpp 'from 1TD) m. 1) mongrel, 

a bastard Deut.23,3. — 2) an alien 
liirK? *\Tpa y^l^i and aliens shall 
dv/ell in Ashdod 2ch.9,6. 




r T 

T3D0 (from 139; e. 1399, *f- 

^ • • • • 

lnjpp)m.i;8aien5t;p n^ir dn ny 

till the end of the year of his 
sale Lev.25,29; ll^PP eiBS the 
money (1. e. price) of his sale 
V. bO\pl* Q^*7|P9 that which comes 

of a sale rfii^n'h^ i'»^5e9 nj^ 

besides that which cometh of the 
sale of his patrimony Deut.18,8.— 
2) something for sale, thing sold, 

ware *15PI? ^^590 ''?! and if ye 

' » • • • 

sell anything Lev.25,14; ^S^D!] 
n^B^; Hh "IJWn-^^ the seller shall 
not return to that which is sold 
Ez.7,13; "l$W-^5 ''tJJD^ and sel- 
lers of all kind of ware Neh.13,20. 

mSDD f. sale 15? n^iat?!? n?pi r<S 

VIV • • * • • • • ' 

they shall not be sold as the 
sale of a bondman (i. e. they 
shall not be sold as bondmen) 

nD^DD (from TJ^D; c n9^.9B, af. 

• • • • • • 

f. 1) kingdom, reign lK.2,46; in 
the genitive ease as adj,: Ty 
ny^PBD the royal city,2; 
n^^PQ n'*^ royal house, palace 
Am.7,13; n^^JPP >^B? royal seat, 
throne Deut.'l?, 18; ^jSpp p:iJ 
royal children 2K.ii,i.- 2) king- 
dom, realm %"iT. i^SlrPP the 

■ • • • • . 

kingdom of Israel lS.24,20; H^^pp 
D^jl}^ a kingdom of priests Ex. 
nO^PD (from ^I^IJ) /: kingdom, 

only c. niDt'PB Jo8.l3,12; lS.15, 
28; Jer.2e,l. 

«SD , "li?? , ^IW Bee 19 . 

TTDpD (from TJDJ to mix) m. Jf; 

mixed wine, spiced wine Pr.23, 
30.— 2) drink-ofifering, libation 
18.65,11 (= ?IB,j). 
^D (from *11P) m. bitterness, sor- 
row Pr.17,25. 

tt^D P^* M- Mamro, an Amorite 

•• • •• 

who made a league with Abra- 
ham Gen.14,135 HtlPB 'J^'^B the 
oaks of Mamre 13,18 or simply 
^^PB Mamre 23,17, the name of 
a grove of oaks near Hebron. 

I'iBp (from l^p) m. bitterness, 
sorrow; only jpl. D^*11PB Jb.9,18. 

n&*DD (from ng^p) m. anointing 
^Jion nppp an? the anointed 
cherub that covereth Ez. 28,14 
(Vulgate: extended and protect- 
ing cherub, taking here Hg^D in 
the sense of Hi^D). 

?I2^P0 (from Sg^p) m. dominion, 

rule Dan.11,3; jpi. D^S^pp con- 
cretly: princes, lords, rulers iChr. 

n^B*DO (from h^^\ c. n!:|^PB, 8f. 

ta^^B) f' V dominion, rule, 
reign Mic.4,8; of the sun: n!;c?PB^ 

• • • • • 

Di*n for the rule of the day Gen. 
1,16; toSg^PB r^ij ^^^ land of his 
dominion lK.9,19; pi. af. VplS?^pB 
his dominion Ps.114,2.— 2) con- 
cretely: princes, chief officers 
(accompanying the king on his 
expeditions) 2Chr.32,9j pi n^^?^PP 

• • • 

rulers (of the moon and stars) 




Ps 136.9— 3) dominioD, kingdom 
2iK 20,18 
pS^DD (from |WD) m. possessioo; 

c3^in pS^pp possession of thorns, 

i. e. a place overgrown with thorns 

Zi)h.2,9 (comp. I^Bj? B^TD l8.U,23). 

D^JpHpD (from pO^) m. pi, sweets, 

sweet things i7?1 D'^j^QQD ISH 
D^SCS his palate is full of 
sweets and every thing in him 
is lovely Cant.5,16j D^^e^^B ^^^^ 
D'^i^noe ^ntr^ eat fat things, and 
drink sweet things (i. e. sweet 
drinks) Neh.8,10. 

]0 m. manna (the wonderful nour- 
ishment of the Israelites in the 
desert),15 a. Num. 11,7; sf. 
;];D Neh.0,20. (The manna is 
probably the sweet resin, which 
in Arabia and other oriental re- 
gions exudes in the hot summer 
months, before sunrise, from the 
leaves of certain trees.) 

tt3 , ']^ Ch. 1) pron. interrogative: 

who? what? Dan 3,15; without in- 
terrogation Ezr.5,4.— 2) pron. In- 
definite : ^1"1S every one who,, 
whosoever Dan.3,6. 

IP I. (from n^p ; af. njD) m. part, 
"portion nS? D^?:1KJJ TI^^S? ]1ir^ 
that the tongue of thy dogs may 
have its portion from the ene- 
mies Ps.68,24. 

]P 11. (=Syr. «}P hair) m. string; 

pi. D^^D , also ^4lp strings, stringed 
instrument Ps.150,4) 45,9. 
IP (poet. ^ jQ , M9 ; combined with 

other words *9 « before gutturals 
-B;«^ V,?9,poe«. ^39 a. ^'i^\ 
W , ,iet? , ?1B9 , ^3§P, pod, njg ; 

DSP, 159, DnB,i>oe«.D.n3D,in», 

•^^jnG) P'*^- which expresses: 
1) taking of a part out of a 
whole (partitive preposition), 
hence: of, some of i^1?P nj^PQ 
and she took of the fruit thereof 
Qen.3,6; I'^rn ^JjJtP of the elders 
of the city R. 4,' 2 ; D^fH ]p h'Bt 
and there fell some of the 

people 2S.ll,17; D¥5"19 ^«?t 
there went out some of the people 

Bx.16,27; IT'S rfip>Vi9 'Jp.?: let 
him kiss me with some of the 
kisses of his mouth Cant, l, 2; 
sometimes denoting possession: 
D^p^ 'i?P D^p; "•? "13T whose word 
shall stand, of me or of them (i.e. 
mine or theirs)? Jer.45,28.-' 2) 
removal from a place or things 
hence: out of, from D^p!jr]"]P KXffi 
and she went forth out of the 
place R.1,7; TR^^ ^"^^D get you 
out of the way 18.30,11; DJ""!?? D^P 
from sea to sea Ps 72,8; •^^'J'Jt^?' 
from thee and farther (beyond 
thee) lS.20.22; often prefixed to ad- 
verbs of place and prepositions, as: 
D^P from there, thence; ])^^ from 
where? whence? njD»nBp from here, 
hence; y^^t^ from about, round 
about; H^jVp^p from above; Hgp^p 
from below;' ^Jjp^p, S^Sp, '^ij? 
from before; ^Xt!^B from after. 
*1]2|3P from amid, from within; 
n^P , DVP from with; ^SP from 

above; nOQtp from beneath; ]^jilp 
from between; frequently after 
verbs implying cessation, ap- 
prehension, deprivation, etc.: D^^ 
.T*IJ5 to cease from war Pr.20,3; 
td^^np k:i; he was afraid to look 
Ex 3,6; ^19 ^yv look away from 
me Is.22,4; ^*rni''ie"nB what will 
go away from me ? Jb.16,6; hence 
]tp often gives an mf, a nega- 
tive meaning: that not ^ii^^SS^j 
TJJ-nr^lpl 1\i2V fjVjpp l have sworn 
not to be wroth with thee, noi 
rebuke thee Is.54,9; in this sense 
a noun often occurs instead of 
the inf.: TJ^JtSl? ?IP?9!1 he hath re- 
Jected thee, that thou shalt not 
be king IS. 15,23 (= ^*7pi? or 
^^5 ni\'7l});TVe "Ip^D is deprived 
of being a city Is.17,1 (= rfi>r\D 


1^)^); once in a negative sense 
with a finite verb: J^D^p;"]? that 
they rise not again Deut.33,ll{ 
D^ap Jb.l 1,15 without a blemish.— 
2) in relation to time it expresses: 
a) the initial point from which 
a thing takes place: from, since 
H^riT] nyn ]p from that time forth 
Neh.l3,2i; tx-]? from that time 
forth, since then Jer.44,18; nnVD 
from now, henceforth; ^1V49 from 
ray childhood IS.12,2; ^tj« ]^^12 
from my mother's womb, i. e. 
from my birth Jud.16,17; Vcnj 
since his days, i. e. since tho be- 
ginning of his life IE. 1,6: njJ^D 
^fl^^O from the beginning of the 
year of Jubilee Lev.27,17, opposite 

$89 ]C 

of hjt^^U inu V. 18. h) the point 
at which anything takes place 
or from which it is continued. 
i^jn^rP on the following day Gen. 
19,345 D^^y» from of old, I e. a 
long time ago Is.42,14. c) closing 
point of time whence a thing 
sets out: after {^^jpiJS D^'^CjS as a 
dream after one awaketh Ps.73, 
20; D^p^^p after two days Hos. 
0,2; {^j?.p after (at) the end of 
Gen.41,1; D^p^D after some days, 
i. e. in process of time Jud.11,4; 
Q^r^ ^^^y? after many days Jos. 
23,1; D^B^in thflf after three 
months Gen. 38," 24; D^pj inp 
after many days Is. 24, 22.— 

3) ]Q also expresses cause or 
ground, hence: because of, for 
D30g V. nsasp because the Lord 
loveth you Deut.7,8; ^A? DpTIp 
rrin^ for the violence against 
the children of Judah Is. 4, 19; 
nQ*\t< iWilyp^ •••n^bl '''?|P be- 
cause of his inability ... and be- 
cause of his hatred Deut.9,28; 
^W19 because I knew Is.48,4.— 

4) ]p is used to mark the com- 
parative and superlative degrees 
of adjectives: pS|p niD better 
than Balak Jud.11,25; tfJIP p^HD 
sweeter than honey 14,18; Djn 
*^<J?5P wiser than Daniel Ez 28,3: 
Urn'^^P ;}3| taller than any of 
the people lS.9,2; also with a 
verb implying quality ^JgD '^^j; 
he shall be greater than he Gen. 
48,19; C30^38.B ^n"»0?^n they did 
worse than their fathers Jud.2^ 





19; TO.l! ?IW n§T. the Journey 
is too long for thee Deut.14,24. — 
6) in emphatic language ]Q is 
preceded by h d?^ , "9^ , "fi^) : 
Dl^H'pS since the day Jer.7,25; 
Sin|-nj?) ibj^p^ from the small to 
the great 2k!23,2; P^n^B^ from 
afar Jb.39,29. 

]DCh. (*f. ^», Ti|i?, njt?, n|p, 

l^njlj) |wcp. ft-om Dan.2^; Ezr.4, 
21; on account of, because Dan. 
3,22; 5,19; DS6"]9 according to 
the order Ezr.6,U; 7,23; ^Vp'\Q 
of a truth, 1. e. truly Dan.2,47; 
a^Vri? ot certainty, i. e. certain- 
ly V. 8; ^tCV^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^*^® ®' 
one £zr.4,12) D^B'IP ^rom before 
Dan.2,18; IHSf 19 fro™ that time 
Ezr.5,16; ^TJP ^^om the time 
which Dan. 3, 22; also used to 
mark the degrees of comparison: 

wisdom that I have more than 
any living Dan.2,30; in a partitive 
sense: portion, part 7^8 ^1 l^DJP 
^DC! ^ pnJP^ a part of them was 
iron and a part of them clay 

WD Ch. see n». 
nlN30 see njJ? . 

nrjlJO (from la^) /: song, satire 

n^iD Ch. f. tribute (=Ch. iTJI?). 

y*5?? (= Heb. yjB , from yip m. 
i^ knowledge Dan.2,21.— 2) un- 
derstanding Dan.4,3L 

nJD (akin to ]:D ; /u«. njp; ; j)^ 

XT ' • • 

njto; imp. n;jp ; inf. ttXQ) prop. 

• • • 

to divide, to separate, hence: 1) 
to appoint, to allot to (with ^) 
T\rh D90? ^O'J?^ and I will ap- 
point you to the sword Is.65,12. — 
2) to number, to count Gen.13,16; 
of the numbering of people 2S. 

Niph. n^Pi if Mi. r\^\ ; inf. nligTI) 
to be numbered, reckoned Gen.13, 
16; Is.53,12. 

Fi. r\\ri (fut n|o;, ap, \q] ; imp. 

]D) 1) to appoint, to ordain, to 
allot (with h) Jb.7,3; Dan.1,5 a. 11; 
nnvr. ]e nasi npp ordain that 
kindness and truth may guard 
him P8.6I,8. — 2) to prepare Jon. 

Pi*. n|lj (pt. niPP) to be ap- 
pointed, to be set over (with '?g) 

n^Q a. «» (pt p. K;ID) Ch. to 

T • • • 

number Dan.5,265 S?/? >^P.9 ^A? 

• • • • 

P P *} & ^ numbered , numbered, 
weighed and divided Dan.5,25. 

Pa, ^jp to appoint, to set over 
(with hv) Ezr.7,25; Dan.2,49. 

,130 (from n^p ; c. fUP ; pi. n^iij) 

f» part, portion, present Ex.29;26; 
especially of food lS.1,5; Tihf 
Pf^^tf to send portions (from a 
feast) Neh.8,10; E8t.9,19; fig. njp 
1\yyf the portion of thy measure 
(i. e. the lot apportioned to thee) 
ni3& (from n^D ; pi. O'^i'Q) m. maneh, 




a weight of 60 sacred shekels 
Bz.45,12 or 100 common shekels 
lK.10,17 a. 2Chr.9J6. 
rUO (from njp) m. unit oi number: 

time; only fi, D^jb H'J^JJ ten 
times Gen.31,7 a, 41. 
injO (from :ini ; c. Jnjp) w. driv- 

ing (of a charioO 2K 9,20; in mod- 
ern Hebrew iinjt? (pZ. D^jn^P) /i^. 
conduct, custom, usage. 
mnjD (ace. Fuerst from "inj to 

TT : • ^ 

shine; only fi. rfin^lj) f. prop, 
light-hole, hence: cleft, hole, re- 
cess, den Jud.6,2. 
nlJD (from nu ; c. ni^P) m. a nod- 
ding, shaking n^^^^3 tti'^t nii? 
a shaking of the head (i. e. an 
object of derision) among the 
people P8.44,15. 

H13D (from 0^^) ♦»• i) rest, repose 
rtsg 8YD to find rest Is.34,14; Lam. 
1,3; *? nijjj B^(53 to seek rest for 
one, i. e to provide for R.3,1; jrf. 
»/". ^?!nup Ps.116,7; concretely: 
a place of rest Gen.8,9; hence 
also: settlement, installation ni^99 


]^1^n after the ark had been 
settled lChT.QM.—2)pr.n» Manoah, 
the father of Samson Jud.13,2. 

T» ■ • • • • • 

f. 1) rest, repose IK 8,56: hence: 
means of giving repose 2S.14,7.— 

2) quiet, stillness, peace tS^^(( 
np^^Q a peaceful man lChr.22,9; 
niniip ^p still waters P8.23,2.— 

3) resting-place, refuge mnijD 
tl^^jKS^ quiet resting-places Is 32, 

18; np^^tp *l(^ master of quarters 
for rest, quartermaster Jer.51,59 
(Eng. Bible: a quiet prince). 
llJO (ace. older Jewish interpreters 
= ]V , from ]U) w. oflTspring, child 

|i:D .THl innn^l ^"iJS •i?59 PA81? 

if any one delicately bringeth up 
his servant from childhood, he 
will at length become as his 
child Pr. 29,21 (Vulgate: he will 
be refractory; ace. Stb. ]^Jt^ is 
from njD 'present' with af. ]i" and 
signifies: beggar, parasite). 

D13D (from DU; af. ^p^^D) w. 1) 

T • 

flight, escape D^^p DU to take 
flight Jer.46,5; ^j^p DiJD njg) es- 
cape shall vanish even from the 
swift Am.2,14.— 2) yR&y of escape, 
means of escape Jer.25,35; Jb. 
11,20.— 3) place of flight, refuge 
P8.142,5; fig. of God 28.22,3; Jer. 

HD^JD (c. nDJD) f. flight Is.52,12; 
T : 

^^n^rigjQ as fleeing from the 
sword Lev. 26,36. 

T'3D (from n^^ II.; c. niJIJ) w. prop, 
plough-share, hence: beam *liJtp 
DV*?^^ a weaver's beam IS. 17,7.' 

mUa, nnip (from nU I.; c. ni3l?; 
Y • • • • 

pi. hn:?) f, candlestick Ex.35,14. 
*1TJD (comp. WIO tw. one crowned, 
a prince; only pi. af. tllDt^D thy 
crowned ones Nah.3,17. 

H3D in Ar. to give, to bestow, 
whence the next word. 

nnja (c. nnjp, af. ^og» ; p^ n^n^o, 

T : • 



c. DinjD) f, 1) present, gift OeD. 
33,10.~ 2) offering to G(»d, sacri- 
fice Gen.4,9; Is 1,3; applied es- 
pecially to bread and drink of- 
ferings Lev.2,l;6,7, different from 
n 3,.J P8.40,7; Tp^n nn;9 the con- 
tinual (i. e. morning and evening) 
offering Neh.10,3*; 3^J? nn^t? the 
evening sacrifice Dan.0,21i Ezr. 
0,4.— S) tribute 2K.17,4. 

nnjD Ch. f, present, offering Dan. 
T : • 

2,46; Ezr.7,17. 
DHJa pr, n king of Israel 2K.15,17. 

nnja l) pr. n. w. Oen. 36,23.-^ 2) a 


place in Benjamin lChr.8,6 = ^VCj 
ninjsn , which see. 

^3D (from HiD to allot, to destine) 

• • • • 


f. destiny, fate (designation of a 
Babylonian deity, prob. Venus, 
which the Babylonians consider 
ed the goddess of fortune) Is. 

^30 P*- ^- ^ province of Armenia 

^3P 1) = 0^39 , see l» II. - 2) ^^l? 
a. ^j9 poet, for ]lp from Jud.5,14; 

nr JD see n^lj . 

D^ja see nj9 . 
a'30 see IB II. 

• • • 

D^jb see nic . 

• • 

yp>iQ see |'t?5? L 

no Ch. (from KJO ;&!!;??)«. 

number Ezr.6,17. 
fl'^)D P^' •*• an Ammonite city Jud, 

11,33, whence wheat was brought 
to Tyre Ez.27,17. 

niit? (from nS^; af. D^Jl?) ace. 

Stb. upper extremity, top (of a 
tree) D jj? f^^gS n§: i6 their top 
sinketh not to the earth (because 
of tlie abundance of fruit) Jb. 

pO (akin to nff) to divide, to 

separate, whence ]D , ]P , D^^D . 
riDJD see HDUIJ . 

yit2 ifut. rat?:; j>t 40$ mp. ww 

i^ to withhold, to hold back, to 
refrain (usually with |D of the 
person or thing) D$9 I^iPl^'M"? 
*lf^ I will not withhold a word 
from you Jer.42,4; Tjin^J n^^f$)) 
1^(1 and he will hold it back 
within his palate Jb.20,13; ^Vj^Q 
V3D ?]Sip refrain thy voice from 
weeping Jer.31,15; of the flow 
of a river: to restrain, to bar 
?\iin.a yit?K1 I restrained its 
rivers Ez.31,15.— 2) to withdraw, 
to prevent (with ]l?) ^^g:? 1^8 
1\Qi< y^JB who hath withdrawn 
me from injuring thee IS.25,34; 
Djp ia'in yab who wlthdraweth 
his sword from blood Jer.48,10. — 
3) to keep back, to refuse fl^'JB 
5LVJP"'^3 1''?? f the request of his 
lips thou hast not refused Ps. 
21,3; D^p Di&n ^yjl^ they have 
kept back (refused) what is good 
from you Jer.5,25; ^Jljp "iV^pj lih 
he will not keep me back from 
thee (i. e. not refuse to give me 

to thee) 2S.13,13$ seldom with ^ 
of the person: D^p^hi? 5to yiD\-t^^ 
D^Q{)9 he will not refuse any 
good to those that walk with 

Niph. WPJ (fut VS^)) 1) to be 
withheld, restrained D^J'^^T ^y^^.V! 
the showers have been with- 
holden Jer.3,3; with ]$ of the 
person: D-jiK D^rtflB yiS^) and 
from the wicked their light is 
withholden Jb.38,15.— 2) to keep 
oneself back, to be prevented 

from (with ]?) TJSqj} yi§n )^fh^ 

V" P'''*y> ^^ °o* ^^®P thyself 
back (or: do not suffer thyself 
to be prevented) from coming 
unto me Num.22,16. 

h'^ya (from Sgj) w. bolt, bar, 

lock Neh.3,3; S^^DH nifij the 

handles of the lock Cant.5,5. 
^rJDw. bolt, bar (=*?V}5; others: 

shoe) Deut. 33,25. 
D»3D (from DS?j) w. only pZ. D^tJgiQ 

delicacies, dainties Ps. 141,4. 
D^»3»3p (from S?1jl) ^. m. sistrum, 

rattle (musical instrument) 2S.6,5. 
n'J^ja (from HjJJ; onlyj)!. nvi5:tj, 

«/•. Vp^*i5J9) f. bowl for libation, 
sprinkling-vessel Kx.25,29; Jer. 

np30 (=nri^D) see pJl^ip^. 

nS^Jp jw. n. 1) son of Joseph, 

adopted by Jacob Gen.48,5; also 
name of the tribe descended from 
him Num.2,20, whose territory 
was partly beyond and partly 



on this side the Jordan Jos. 
17,5; pair, >^S^ Deut.4,43. - 2) a 
king of Judah, son of Hezekiah, 
and notorious for his idolatry 
2K.21,1.'- 3) name of several 
other persons Jud. 18,30; Ezr.10,30 
a. 33. 

rUD (from njD ; pi ni^:? , rfwp) f. 

Y • • • • • • • 

part, portion 2Chr 31,4; Neb.12,47; 
iTjInn rfh*jD the portions accord- 
ing to th3 law V. 44; fig, il^O 
D^^re^ the portion (prey) of foxes 
Ps.esiU; DfiS njjl? the portion of 
their cup (i. e. the lot assigned 
to them) Ps.11,6. 

DD (from DQC) m. one pining, one 
afflicted ngn ingnj} D^S to him 
who is afflicted kindness is due 
from his friend Jb.6,14. 

DO (from DQl} ; pi, D'^QP) m. tribute, 

tax Est.10,1; usually: a tributary, 
bond-servant DDJ iTH to become 
tributary Lam. 1,1;*!;}^ DD a serv- 
ant unto tribute Gen.49,15; ^^B^ 
D^QQ service-masters, task-mas- 
ters Ex.1, 11. 

apa (from 535 1 «/"• ^^P?) ^- ^) 
circle, company (the divan of 
the orientals) iaplpj Tj'jan the 
king in his circle Cant.1,12 (Eng. 
Bible: at his table).— 2) pi, en- 
virons D.2&'^*1V599 the environs 
of Jerusalem 2E.23,5; hence as 
adv.: round about IK.6,29. 

n3D0 (= :iB!5 2; only pi. niapD) 

adv. round about ?]6i309 rii^Qp 
VnSianri? it is turned round 
ubout by his guidance Jb.37J2. 

.». ■» .—s 




T •• - 

^pD (from la?) m. i; locksmith 

2k.24,14; Jer.24,1 (in both pas- 
sages in a collective sense: lock- 
smiths). — 2) prison (prop, en- 
closing) Is.24,22; Ps.U2,8. 

mSDO (from la? ; sf, ta^ip9 ; pL 
n^ljQtp) f, stronghold, fortress 
28.22,46; Mic.7,17.— 2) margin, 
border, ledge (around a table) 
Ex.22,25.— 3) enclosed panel IE. 

^DD (from TQ^) m. foundation, 
ground IE.7,9. 

]n*1pO (ftrom nnij) w. row of col- 
umns, colonnade, portico Jud.3,23. 

HDD (akin to DC9) to melt, to flow 
(Kcd not u^ed). 
HtpKn^tfT) (3i)Z.Vppnfor IDtJH 

Jos. 14,8; /■««. HBP:, «/•! DRl?:, op. 

• • • 

CQ,v) to cause to melt, to cause 
to flow, to dissolve (snow, ice) 
P8.l47,18; nplJS "i?-]? ^0?P1? with 
my tears I m«ike my couch to 
flow 6,7; fig, with ^7. to cause the 
heart to melt, i. e. to make it 
timid Jos. 14,8. 

HBD (from np^ ; c. nss ; pi. nteg) 

f. 1) trial, temptation, testing 
Deut.6,10;7,19; Ps.95,8.— 2) trial, 
suffering Jb.9,23.— S) pr, n. a 
place in the desert Ex.17,7. 
HDD (= DD ; c. net?) /•. tribute, gift 

T • 

TinvninjnDl? with a tribute of 
a freewill offering of thy hand 
Deut. 16,10 (ace. Ges. Hipp is con- 
tracted from n|^?tp , c. DQZp signi- 

fying: according to the number, 

i. e. according as). 
mpp (from njij) m. covering, veil 

Ex 34,33. 
nyaa (for njlt^p flrom?pfe^) f. 

thorn-hedge Mic.7,4. 
nSD (from np^ to remove) m. prop. 

a removing, hence: relieving 

npB nisg n^^tfo-n^ d^IB?^^ and 

ye shall keep over the house a 
relieving watch 2K. 11, 6 (Bng, 
Bible, with Kimchi: keep the 
watch of the house, that it be 
not broken down, reading npSQ). 

inc.? (from nop; c inpp) w. 

trade, traffic lK.l0a5. 

TJDa (akin to Jnj; inf. t]bp) to 

mix, to mingle Ps.x02J0| parti- 
cularly of the mixing of wine 
with spices Is.5,22: Pr.9,2; fig. of 

Egypt: D^viv nn n^np^j ?iQp ;; 

the Lord had mixed Jn the midst 
of her a spirit of perverseness 

m. mixture, mixed wine Peu 



TJDQ (from ?]3IJ ; c. ?]D5) •». cover- 
ing, curtain, hanging nO^S T]pl;^ 
S^i<n a hanging for the door of 
the tent Ex 26,36; ^JDDn njSf the 
vail of the covering 35,12; fig, 
7r\\r\\ TJCD njj hy^ and he laid 
open the covering of Judah (i. e. 
exposed him to reproach) l8.22,8. 

niDD I. (from TJD^ I; e. r\ySi ; pl^ 
^^^6&) f' V melting, fusion of 



metals nySQ %V. & molten calf 
Ex.82,4; n^BQ ^Cl'i! molten gods 
84,17) also alone: a molten image 
Deut.9J2.— 2) pouring out, hence 
ace. Ges.: covenant, league (made 
with libations) KSi. n;BB ipih) 
^ri1*l and that make a league, but 
not of my spirit Is.dO,l (Eng» 
Bible: and that cover with a 
covering, etc.). 

n^DD n. (from TlDJ 11.) f. covering, 

V •• •• ' 

vail nj^Djn njBSn the vall that 
is spread Is. 25,7; H'JJ njBBD 
DS30'7? the covering is too nar- 
row to wrap himself in 28,20. 

nSDD (from ?]5B) f- covering 'h^ 
Tjpjpl? nji;^. ]5« every precious 
stone was thy covering Ez.28,13. 

ISpp (from ]2IJ 11.) t». poor, needy 

nyapD (from ]35 II.) f. poverty, 

neediness Deut.8,9. 
nJ3DD (from plj I.; only pi. 

nliJpD) f. 1) storing, laying up 
rtijpp ^1^ cities for storing pro- 
visions Ex.1, 11 (Eng. Bible: trea- 
sure citiepV— 2) store -house, 
magazine 2Chr.32i28- 

n^BD (from ?lCi II.) f. the warp of 
a web Jud.l6,14« 

rbaO (from Si?p: c n^plj; i)l. 
rt^Ql?) f. i^ road, way, highway 
18.6,12; Is.40,.S; of the paths of 
the stars Jud.5,20; fig^ of tno way 
of life Pr. 16,17.— 2) staircase, 
stairs, (= D^p) 2Chr.9,ll. 

^l^pO (from hh\f) m. road, way, 

highway Is.85,8. 
"TOpa (from IDIJ) m. nail; only jL 

DnDpB Is.41,7, niippB Jer.ia4 

(Kc.12,11 ninpt?D), iiso DnW9 

lChr.223 a. nilljplj 2Chr.8,9 
DDD (^f- cbD) to melt, to dissolve, 

to perish DQ^^ DDQp as the sick 
man perisheth (pineth away) Is. 
10, 18 (Eng. Bible: as when a 
standard-bearer fainteth ; aco. 
others = ^1 D^P9 as eaten by 

NipK DDj (once DPj Ez.21,12, 
^ DIpj , 3 pL. ^DDj ; /W. DQl , also 
DK9: Jb.7,5, p«. HEp: , also IDK?: 
Ps.58,8; m/l DQrt) to melt, to dis- 
solve, to perish «DJ :iiiia D^^5 
the hills melted like wax Ps.97,d; 
ls.34,3; fig- of bonds: to be loos- 
ened Jud.15,14; of the heart: to 
melt, to become timid Jos.7,5, or 
to despond Ps.22,15; pt, DQj weak, 
light IS.15,9. 

Hiph. DQH to make faint, to 
discourage Deut.1,28. 

ye J, yeo (from pp^; pi. D^vi?e, 

c. ^y.B9) w. i^ departure, journey 
Gen.133; Num.33,1.— 2) the set- 
ting forward niJlOen-riK PBB^ 

. • • 

for the setting forward of the 
camps Num. 10,2.^ 3) the break- 
ing loose, quarrying Hf^Jl^ \^ 
J^^Q stones whole from the quarry 
IK.6,7 (comp. 531).— ^) dart, 
arrow Jb.41,18. 

nVpp (f^om nrip M. support, tal- 



TT : - 

ustrade lK.10,12, for which the 
parallel passage 2Chr.9,ll has 

nfiDDCfrom ng?; c. ngplj; sf. 

•• • • • • 

^n^9) ^' mourning, lamentation 
Gen.50a0; Mlc.l,li; Ps.30,12. 
NISDD (from><SD) w. fodder, prov- 

ender Gen.24,32. 

nnfiDD (from nBO) f. 1) scurf, 

- 1- : • ^ 

scab Lev. 13,8.— -2^ kerchief, cape; 
others*, cushion; j>2. illH^pQ Ez. 

ISPO (from nep; c. n«3P; «/: 

Dbiepi? , D^^pD ; |)Z. c. ^n? 59) m. 

i; number Ex. 16; 16; Num. 1,2; 
sometimes ploonastlcally with 
numerals, as IftJlJ yaiSl D^f ? 
twenty-four in number 28.21,20; 
"^fPP l^K without number, In- 
numerable Oen.41,49; contrarily 
*1^PP signifies: what can be num- 
bered, countable, 1. e. few Is. 
10,19; n§tJD D'^p; a few days Num. 
9,20; n^pp ^09 few men Gen.34, 
30; Deut.4,27;' in Deut.33,6 \n''J 
I^Qt} vptp a negative is implied 
and it is to be rendered: let not 
his men be few; I^Q^ Num.23, 
10 ace. some = IgiJ ^tj^, — 2) 
telling, narration Jud.7,15 (comp. 
Igp Pi.y— 3) pr. n. m. Ezr.2,2 
= nnepp Neh.7,7. 

mSDD P^' ». w»» see "IfiPP 3. 
viv : • ' • 

^PO (mf "IpP) to give, to commit 

i-IS 'S5"'^9P7' to commit trespass 
against the Lord Num.3 1,16 (in 
Rabbinical literature *lQlf to de- 

liver, to hand, to give up, to 
betray; nnbp tradition; pt. 1(ib 
traitor, denunciator). 

N^h. 1CPJ (fut. "iRS:) to be de- 
livered, given (of recruits for 
military service) Num.3l;5. 

*1D0 (from Ifi^) w. admonition, In- 

struction Jb.33,l6. 
nn'pD (= n^pSP , ftom npK) f. a 

bond n'^'Jjn iTJDf the bond of the 

covenant Ez.20,37. 
*l1f)pD (from 105^ w. hiding-pliiOA 

covert Is 4,6. 
TflDO (from nOD ; pi. D^MP) m. 

hidden place, hiding-place Is. 
45,3; Ps.10,9. 
13»D (from nj? ; pi. af. Drjn.^VQ) 

m. work, doing Jb.34,25; also Ch. 
narO (from njy; c. HMD) m. 
density, compactness n ^ g p j) 

n^^Sp ^° ^^® compactness of the 
earth (i. e. in the compact, clayey 
soil) IK.7,46. 
^3»0 (from njr ; c. IJUP) m. 1) a 

T "I ~ • 

passing over, passage "IJSP S*3 
nip^D np.P at every passage of 
the appointed staff Is.30,32.— 2) 
place of passing, hence: a) a ford 
P^I "I^SP the ford Jabbok Gen. 
32,23. h) a mountain -pass n^P 
trp^P the pass of Michmash IS. 
nn3»D (= "IjaP ; pi. rfljyp and 

ninbyp , c. nh^vP) Z". passage, 

ford, pass Jud.12,5; lS.14,4; Is. 
10,29; 16,2. 


hsoo (from h:iv ; c. Save ; pi. c. 

^5|¥e; 8f. ?I^,!j|ye, more fre- 
quently ?I'^f3^7^yB) w. 1) circle, 
ring, round camp lS.26,5.— 2) 
path, way; fig. pll{"\'3|VS the 
paths of righteousness Ps. 23,3; 
17,5; Pr.6,21. 

n»D (/w. nj??: ; pt to wa- 

ver, to totter^ to slip Ps.26j; 
^i^ ^12^0 whose feet waver Jb. 

Pu. lyQ to be made to waver; 
only pt /■/nn.y.^D S^n a wavering 
foot Pr.25,19 (= ri31(.^D9 ; ace. 
Ges. fTJSJID Is for n^'jKiD pt. of 

Eiph. rviyj [imp. ngpH) to 
cause to waver or sUp^ with 
d:;.OP Ps.69,24; fpSVp] E.'5.29,7 

ace. Puerst for i31S9D5 . 

• • • • 

nX^D !>*■• ♦*• w« Bar. 10,34. 

nnrO l>r. n. m. Neh.12,5 = nnyiO 

V. 17. 
pro (from \iV ; only j)Z. CJ^gD , 

^D'^nSB » c. ^jngD and nijn»5) w. 

• • • 

1) delicacy, dainty Gen. 49,20 ;Jer. 
51,34; Lam. 4, 5.— 2) delight, 
pleasure Pr.29,17; as adv, DlJlSD 
with delight, cheerfully lS.15,32. 
nairp (by transposition = niaSO, 

froin im f. fetter, band rf3U?.D 
nc^p the fetters of the Pleiades 
Jb.38, 31 (parallel to nlDtt^to). 
Ace. Kimcbl here belongs the 
adv, niJiyfi IS. 15,32, which Is to 
be rendered: In fetters; but see 
under I'JKQ. 



^TjlI^D (from *13y) m. weedlng-hook, 

hoe ls.7,25. 
n»a (from nyD; only pi. D'^yfi, c 

'^»? , ar. Tl^yfi , Drj^S?B) m. i; the 
bowels, Intestines 28.20,10; 2Chr. 
21,15; Jon.2,1; in a wider sense: 
a) the body, the womb ^^t^H ^ytjlp 
from the bowels, 1. e. the womb, 
of my mother Is.40,1; M.^tpQ H^^ 
to come forth out of the bowels 
of..., i. e. to be begotten of...; 
''SB? D'^pJ ^h niyn are there yet 
any more sons In my womb? 
R.1,11. &; the belly (externally) 
Cant.5,14. c) the inmost part of the 
body, as the seat of the emotions: 
^n^T ^8B niy bowels, 1. e. my 
Inmost parts, boiled Jb. 30, 27; 
i? ^gB ^DiJ my bowels are troubled 
for him Jer.31,19. d) the heart, 
as the seat of understanding: 

^^B T*"^? ^0^^^ ^^y l*w Is within 
my heart Ps 40,9.— 2) pi. nlyft 
(c. n^J^B) fig. of the bosom of the 

sea: l^plyB? TI^?B '«?«?3 ace. 
Ges.: and the offspring of thy 
bowels like the ofispring of its 
bowles, 1. e. numerous as the 
ofispring of the sea (the fishes) 
Is.48,19 (Eng. Bible ace. ancient 
Interpreters: like the gravel there- 
of; the Targ. renders VpiyD? 
^particles' OHIIB), meaning grains 
of sand). 

31J?0 (= ^^V) w. cake IK. 17,12; 

^^PB V.8!? P8.35,16 see under ^vh . 
TlJ?D , »>? (from W , »L» ; sf. W^ 

tJ'<iV^; pi. CJ^IJ, e. ViytJ; once 


pi. Bf. .T3|V9 Is.23,11 for n;t^o> 
m. prop, strength, force, hence: 
fortified place, fortress Jud.6,26; 
hyo n.§ fortified cities Is. 17,9; 
of Tyre: Djn ty^ the fortress of 
the sea 23^4; pg, of God: TJlVD 11^ 
the rock of thy strength 18.17,10; 
^JVP 'T.?. the God of forces (a 
Syrian deity) Dan.11,38. 

^1>*0 vr. n. see njBB ^. 

]1j;D I. (from ]W; c. ]ipi?, «^. Wp) 

m. dwelling, habitation Zph.3,7; 
of the habitations of wild beasts: 
a lair Jer.9,10; Nah.2,12; of the 
heavens as the dwelling-place of 
God: D:D|^n-]9 Tiy^jJ ]iyt?0 from 
thy holy habitation, from heaven 
Deut.26,15; f,g, of God: refuge Ps. 
71,3; 90,1. 
riJ^D II. pr. n. 1) a male person 

mentioned in lChr.2,4&.— 2) a 
city in Judah, near Carmel Jos. 
ld,5&; in its vicinity was the 
desert |^Pp IS^D IS.23,24.- B) 
l^y^J Jud.10,12, 'j>l. D^JVP 2Chr. 
26,7 (= K\£b D'^J^VP lChr!4,41), a 
tribe in Arabia Petraea, where 
yet at the present day there 
exists a town Maan, to the south 
of the Dead Sea. 
]1J?a (= l^y?) w. habitation of 
heaven; occurs in the |)r. n. 7^3 
]Vp (a place in Reuben) Num. 
32,38, which is abridged from 
l^yp ^J?3 n^j? Jos.13,17, abridged 
again into ]1i;p D^S Jer.48,23, and 
contracted Jnto fV^ Num.32,3. 



" T 

n Jt*a , n^p? (= i^y? d r. habita- 

tion Jer.21,lS; of the habitations 

of wild beasts: lair, den Cant. 

4,8; of the dwelling-place of God 

P8.76,3; fig^ of God: refuge n^yp 

D^f3.\1^.J| the eternal God is thy 

refuge Deut.33,27. 

D^3^J?D P^' »*. V '"*1® person men- 

tioned in £zr.2^ a. Neh.7,:)2.^ 
2) see \^yr^ II. 5. 

••rilJlj^p jpr. n. m. lChr.4,U. 

«]^yD (from e]V II. ; c. «l^Pp) m. 
darkness, gloom T\^yt C]iyp dark- 
ness of oppression Is.8,22. 

11;;D (from lip II. = nnV) m. na- 
kedness; only jfi. 8f, D^^^.^PP 
their nakedness Hab.2,l&. 

iTWD, ^nnsD i»r. n. m. Neh.iO,fl; 

tD»D (A*^. BJJPl ; wf. B>P) in Ar. 
to scrape off*, hence: 1) to be pol- 
ished, sharpened, see DI^D. — 2) 
to be lessened, diminished Ps.l07, 
39; Pr. 13,11; hence: to be or be- 
come little, few n^.an Dypro^i 

n|^P ni'^np and if the house be 
too little for the lamb Kx.12,4; 
D^jB^n dVP ^9? according to the 
fewness of years Lev.25,16. 

Pi, D}jp to become few Ec.l23. 

Hiph. tD'^ypri (fut. aW; pt. 
D^ypO) i; to diminish Lev. 26,22.— 
2) to make few, to bring to nought 
Jer.10,24.— 3) to do anything in 
a slight degree (the action being 
implied by the context) ^^"^'tBB^ 



Vy W3 *?»••• D^^S borrow thee 
vessels... do not borrow few 2K 

43; D'^iipp. n-j^a «iD« B^yeeo he 

who did (i. e. gathered) little 
gathered ten homers Num.1132; 

tt'^ytjeni ^3^D^ ^Dpi^.»J and they 

gathered, some more, some less 

Ex.l6a7; Tpnn tkh D^ypgni and 
• • • • • 

he that gathered little had no 
lack V. 18.— 4) to give little 
D^¥9i tkh h'in the poor shall not 
give less £x.30,15| Q^VQS Drc^l 
In^CU and to few thou shalt give 
the less inheritence Num.26,54. 

larp , ^ Oy? (from DgQ) m. prop. 

a scraping, hence: 1) fewness, a 
little ?1^ .TH 1^8 DSP it was 
little that thou hadst Gen.3030i 
in connection with an other noun, 
l9fQ either precedes it in the 
construct state, as h^k DJfp a 
little food Qen.43,2, or is put in 
the genitive, as: tSVD ^{1D men of 
fewness, i. e. few men Deut.26,5.— ^) 
as adv. a little, not much r\r\^^ m 
D^t} n^SO she tarried in the 
house but little R.2,7; fid^Q nij^ 
yet a little while, i. e. soon Ex. 
17,4; in a strengthened sense ^*\y 
njip D5?9 yet a very little while,25} ago BgtJ little by little, 
i. e. by degrees Ex.23,30; with J? 
of the person D|Q t2VQn is it 
little for you? (is it not enough?) 
Num.16,9; TXl^^t59 ^WD did you 
have little of thy whoredoms? 
(were thy whoredoms not enough?),20; tdSQ9 nearly, almost: 

••^n V;j4 ttSW my feet were al- 

most moved* Ps.73,2; WT^^SP? 

but for a little moment Is.26,20; 

Ezr.9,8; M.^ Csyp^ but little that. 

scarcely Cant.3,4.— 5>sa((;. small, 

few Num.26,54; pi D^fijgl? Ps.lOQ, 

8; Ec.5,1. 
taVD (from Dg^ i) adj. whetted, 

sharp; only f, ni3V9 Ez.21,20. 
ntOTD (from no? ;' c. npJJB) m. 

garment, covering Is.61,3. 
nfiarO (from ^Or ; only !>/. nlSfKD) 

f. cloak, mantle Is 3,32. 
"^Vta pr. n. w. Neh.12,36. 

'^rp (from njr , same as ^V) m. 

heap nSpD ^V? heap of ruins Is, 
i'^VQ (from SgD; «/: '•^'•rtp, iSiyp; 

j)Z. D^S^yP) tn. upper garment, 
cloak, robe n1S{{n ^^W the robe 
of the ephod (a sleeveless garment 
worn by the high-priest under 
the ephod) Ex.28,31; of the robes 
of kings' daughters 2S.13,18; fig. 
^}^V] nprf *?>ve be hath covered 
me with the robe of righteous- 
ness Is.61,10; n«^(-5 *7>y53 tDgjj 
and he wrapped himself with zeal 
as with a cloak 59,17; so also 
of shame Ps. 109,29. 
D^»P or diu D^.yO see nro . 

yyrO Ch. du. belly; only pi. sf. \niyD 

Y}ff2 (ace. Ges. den. from JJS; c. 
^ilVe, poe*. irre Ps.114,8; pi. 

Q';;VB, c. ^A^?D and rfrVB, a 

IJIi- ' J — - . 


iOO vi/C 

ri^^!9&) ^' V fountain, spring, 
well Ho8 I3,!5; Wn^?^? IIVB they 
make it a well (i. e. watered) Ps. 
84,7; fig. ny^trp ^AlVe the springs 
(sources) cf salvation Is. 12,3; 
0M1Q ];yQ a sealed fountain (fig- 
ure of virginity) Cant.4,12; ^JJ?B 
Ps87,7 my springs, 1. e. sources 
of delight! ^j;¥5-Sj D'^^^n? D^f ) 
?]f as well the singers as the 
players on pipes shall be there: 
ail my springs of delight are in 
thee (some take ^j!.VS to mean 
*my looks*, from ])^^ rendering 
T]9 VVfQ'^? all my looks are 
directed toward thee; Sib. takes 
it to be identical with the Chal- 
d'^e (<p^3?0 'bowels', 'inmost parts', 
rendering the whole verse: and 
all my inmost parts are sound- 
ing of thee as if with pipes). 

D^rrp KUb for D^Jiyp , see j^J^^ 

11. s! 

rrj^O to press, to bruise; on\y ptp, 

T]1J^P one that is bruised (of an 
animal emasculated by bruising 
the testicles) Lev. 22,24; In^iQ 
Y^^ <^9^I^9 bis spear was pressed 
(1. e. stuck) into the ground IS. 

Pu, ?]2fD to be pressed (of the 
breasts of a dissolute woman) 
n^rS P^' *»• V son of Nahor Gen. 
22,24.— 2) father of the Philis- 
tine king Achish lK.2,39 = ^1^9 
lS.27,2.— 3) wife of Rehoboam 
jK.l3,2;2Cbr.n,20,foT which 13,2 

^n;j^9.— 4) a wife of David 
2S.3,3-— 6) a city and region al 
the foot of Hermon, not far from 
^y&i 28.10,6, whence the adjacent 
portion of Syria is called Dlijt 
njrjg lChr.19,6 (comp. n^s ^5jf 
njgb under ^3(!t). 

^»a (/•!*<. Sfitj: a. bytj; ; mf. hsy^ . 

^V? a. 759 Ez.20,27) 1) to cover, 
to veil, whence '?''V9 .— 2) to acV 
covertly, treacherously, faith- 
lessly Pr.16,10; h)i^ hvj^ to com- 
mit a trespass Lev.5,15; with ^ 
of the person: to deal treacherously 
vrith, to sin against Num.5,27) 
with ^ of a thing: to commit a 
trespass on, to take by stealth 

^rO I. (from Sj?p 2; af. iSgB , D^SBl 
." i"~ • • • • 

m. 1) treachery, sin, trespass 
Num^,6; Jos.22,16. — 2) false- 
hood, deception "^^l^i, D3\nn^8^in^ 

L I • •• • 

.y^ and of your answers there 
remaineth deception Jb.21,34. 
hVti 11. (from n^J?) m. what is 


above, upper part, height; com- 
monly with prefix D : hytjp from 
above ls.45,8, or simply above 
Am.2,9; "^ ^J?BP upon: D''V»^ ^589 
upon the wood Gen.22,9; hviSQ 
*1^?D ^B^t5? upon the waters of 
the river Dan.12,6; with H loc. 
nSpp upwards Jud.7,13; n^VCj 
n^r^ higher and higher Deut. 
28,43; n^yo; .m]9 from... and up- 
ward: n^ypi iDDB^lJ from hiP 
shoulders and upward IS.9,2; ]^Z 
n^Ve; njl^ DH^J? from twenty 


years old and upward Num. 1,20; 
Id reference to time: K^HH Di^Ot? 
n^VPJ from that day forward IS. 
16,13; with prefix h : H^VeS on 
high, upward lChr.14,2; njyo? *?3| 
to let grow upwards, i. e. to 
greatly magnify 2Ghr.l,6; ?]gn 
< vVO!? to turn bottom upward, 
to overturn Jud.7,13; TQ H^roS 
over and above IChr. 20, 3; 
ITKn nSvpS over the head Bar- 
9,6; n^VO^rnj; exceedingly 2Chr. 

17,12; riSyc^lJ from above Gen. 

• • • 

7,20, or simply: above £x.2&,21. 
bVti (from 72K to go down) Ch. m. 

going down, setting; pi. c. "^^.^Q 
K^t?^ the setting of the sun Dan. 
hph (from n^SJ) w. the lifting up 

d:T '^StD the lifting up of hands 
rhVQ fc. ni?8B ; sf. V^JJD) m. i; 

V -: - • ^ • 

going up, ascent, place of ascent 

n^^.n7 n2S,&3 at the ascent to the 

wall Neh. 12, 37; HJlDt? rtSsCI 

IvSQ and the ascent to it had 

eight steps £z.40,31.— 2) elevated 

place, platform (for the Levites) 

Neh.9,4. - 3) eminence, hill ni?gB3 

TVn up the hill to the city 'iS. 

9,11; hence the proper names of 

hills: D^?18. nh}lS (the hill of the 


between Jerusalem and Jericho; 

D^•'?^tD n!:J?.8 (the mountof Ollves), 

east of Jerusalem 28.15,30, called 

by the Arabs Jebel-ez-Zeitun; 

D^?:ii?J? ^bXR (hill of the scor- 

pions), south of the Dead Sea 

n^ro (from nSy ; pi, niS».e) f. i) 

• • * 

going up, ascent (from a lower 
to a higher region) Kzr.7,9; fig, 
DJDn ni^ao the risings of your 
mind, i. e. the thoughts that arise 
in your mind £z.ll,5 (comp. the 
phrase ^S ^J? n^^ Ez.38,10.)— 
2) step, stair Ex.20,26; IE.10,19; 
fig, high degree rhVJSi Dngn llM 
in the manner of a man of high 
degree iChr. 17,17. ni^figJJ T(f^ 
in the inscription of 15 psalms 
(120—134) is rendered by some: 
Song of Degrees or Steps, as 
referring to the elevated place in 

the temple where they were sung; 
by others: Song of the Ascents, 
in reference to the annual pil- 
grimage of the people to the 
temple or in allusion to the return 
from the Baby Ipnish exile (nSsQn 
*73|tJ Bzr.7,9).— 3) pi. ni'^gO de- 
grees, stairs, scale of a dial 2K. 
20,9. — 4) upper chamber, upper 
story Am.9,6 (= HJ^Xt). 

h'hvn Zch.1,4 Kiib for Sbg . 

^^ra (from h^V\ onlyjpl. D^^^SIQ, 

work, deed, action Zch.1,6; Jer. 

36,15; '^K'^^byO the works of God 


na»0 (from n88; c. nOKQ) m. 
T -: - ^ 

station, post, position IK. 10,5; Is 
22,19. I 




T T-:- 

^D»Q (from nOlJ) m. standing- 

tt:t '^ 

place, footing ^^y.? l^K there is 

no standing Ps.69,3. 

nCOra (from OOy) /•. burden ]$^ 

>^|ppSQ & burdensome stone Zch. 
12,3. * 

pare (from pey ; only i>z. D^i^esB, 

c. \t.OSB) wi. depth P8.69,3 a. 15. 

]I;D (abridged from n^VS, from 
n:^ L) m. prop, corresponding, 
hence with v : 1) for the sake of 
^158 '^n 18B!? for the sake of my 
servant David 2K.10,34; with sf, 
^J8BS for my sake, Tltfo!? for 
thy sake, IJj^B/ for his sake, 
DJjyg*? for your sake, etc.-- 2) 
that, in order that 1^982 ]»B^ 
that they may believe £x.4,5; 
rWV, ]?Bi in order to do Jer. 
7,i0i'^b. ^^0^ ]?B^ that their heart 
may faint Ez.21,20; sometimes 
coupled with ng'S , as: Ig^S ]Vnh 
n^Y^ that he will command Qen. 
18,19; Num.17,5. 

njrO (from Hjy 1.) m. i) answer, 

reply ?]Tn^KB a soft answer Pr. 
15,1; Jb.32i.^ 2) destined end, 
purpose injygS ''! 71/fi Ss every 
thing the Lord hath made for 
Itsdestined end Pr. 16,4 (ace. others 
= '^^SB'? for his sake, for him- 
n3»D (from T])^ II.) f. furrow 

niC^ IBX n^KB 703? in about 
half the furrow of a yoke of land 

n:Vp (= '"^JfiB) A furrow ^D^-J^jn 

^V^^^^^i ^^®y ^'^^^ drawn long 
their furrow Ps. 129,3 (ace. Ktib 

D?^«8^ , j>l. of n^KB). 
njVp see njiytj . 

yVD pr. n. m. lChr.2,27. 

nnXrO (from ^SV) /: pain, sorrow 

1S»D (from nxp) w. axe Is.44,l2; 

11X»D (from nvy) w. restraint, 

hindrance 1S.14,6. 
yiVO (= n^VVB) m. restraint Pr. 

HDrD (from np?) w. battlement, 

parapet, ledge (about a flat roof) 

E^j^rO (from l^pr ; on]y pi. D''tyj3Jffl) 

m. crooked way or place 18.42,16. 

*1^1D (from fTjy) ni. i^ nakedness, 

pudenda TiV^ D^l;! '^O^BIDJ and I 
will shew the nations thy naked- 
ness Nah.3,5. — 2) naked space, 
empty room \!^'*^ *^?B? according 
to the room of every one lE.7,36. 

nyp I. (from 5:ir I.; 8f. Tja^SB) 
m. barter, commerce \[i) 1 3'JSB n^ 
^^SB to carry on commerce Ei. 
J47,9 a. IS. 

m»a 11. (from 51^ II.) m. place 
where the sun goes down, the 
west Is.43,5; P8.75,7. 

nanro (= 55KB n.) f. the wen 


• • 

m»D (from nir ; c. H^SB) m. naked 

• a 

place, treeless plain, meadow 

mSlD (from l^y III.; c mr? ; pi. 
ni*irp) f, 1) cave, cavern Gen.23, 
9.-. if; den DT"?? ^1?5 a den 
of robbers Jer.7,11. 

pT5P m. object of dread 18.8,13 

(see X^ H^.). 

VHOD (from TJ^r) m. disposition, 

plan; only pi, c, ^ir'^SlSO the 
plans of the heart Pr.16,1. 

nSlSD (from ni^) f. j; arrange- 
ment, order HJ'JJJBn D^l.j the 
lamps to be set in order Ex.39,37; 
in Jud.6,26 of an altar: H^nSSB 
with the arrangement appertain- 
ing to it, i. e. too laying of the 
wood in order (comp. the verb 
ipy in Gen.22,9).— 3) array, ar- 
my nj^SQ w:]i?'? njngD army 
against army 1S.17,21. 

ntolgO) f. 1) row (of the shew- 
bread) nto^B D:nf Dpi« ^p^) 
DJ^lSSn tS^K^ and thou shalt set 
them (the cakes) in two rows, six 
on a row Lev. 24,6; hence 002 
riJTffiBD the shew - bread (prop. 

• • • 

the bread of the row) Neh. 10,34, 
also DpS nsnSJD 2Chr.l3,ir. ID^?* 
nj^aBD the table of the shew- 
bread 2Chr 29,18— 2) array, ar- 
my %*yf\ nb-iae the armies of 
Israel lS.17,8. 

D1V0 (firom Dl^) m, nakedness; 


V -:- 


only pi. Bf. VSi^^^^n DH'^aiSB'Sa 

• • • • ^ 

and they clothed all the naked- 
ness (concretely: all that were 
naked) among them 2Chr.28,15« 

nXTre (from f^ir) f. terror, sud- 
(Jen violence Is. 10,33. 

n^O P^' ^' a place in the moun- 

tains of Judah Jos.15,59. 

nfe^ro (from n^y ; c. nfego , 8f. 
'inR^jo ; pi D^5?85 , c. ^{?gB , ^A 
7i^,^y.Q , 1^^8.8 , b J>{?8B) m. prop, 
doing, hence: 1) work, labor Gen. 
5,29j Jud.19,16; TV^V^n ^Q^ D^^ 
the six working days (as op- 
posite to the sabbath) £z.46,l; 
hence also: business, occupation 
DJ^PJJD'HD what is your occupa- 
tion ? Gen.46,33.— 2) work, pro- 
duction of art leg n;. ntrgD the 

IT X , , 

work of the hands of an artist 
Cant.7,2; flg^'^ nj?85 net- work Ex 
27,4; y?n nfegg damask-work Ex, 
26,1; Jl« n??aQ woven-work 28, 
32; n^3?D nrii^-jp 2Chr.l6,14apoth- 
ecary*s art (= nnf5*ip nC^JJD ; ace. 
Puerst abridged from nj?8D riQjnp 
Dp.*!); of poetical productions Ps. 
45,2; of the produce of the soil^n-lP T'S^lJp-nK Tipp^^ when 

thou gatherest in thy labors (i. e. 
produce) out of the field Ex.23, 
16.~ 5) of the work of God: 
creation P8.8,7. — 4) deed, conduct 
Sl»)r:^h n??K D^^^gD deeds that 
ought not to be done Gen.20,9; 
J^?? rwvm the evil deed, the 
evil conduct Ec.43. 




^l^yO jpr. n. m. lChr.9,12. 
iTfc^rO a. ^n,;fc?aD iw. n. w, of 

several persons Jer.21,1; lChr.l&, 
1^, and others. 
nSt^VQ (from ptf§) f, oppression, 

exaction; only pi. H^p^VS Is.SS, 
15; Pr.28a6. 
IB^rO (den. from 1!?r ten; c. I^SD , 

«/•.' 11i?y5 ; pi. n11i?SB) »». tenth 
part Qen.l4,2r)Ez.45,ll) especially 
a tithe of produce paid to the 
Levites Num. 18,21; "]9 ^^VS 
"^{^SSD a tenth part of the tithe 
(given by the Levites to the 
priests) v. 26; 1{?88rj mp the 
tithe-year (every third year in 
«rhich tithes were given for the 
benefit of the poor and strangers) 
fjp p\ n. Memphis, a city in Lower 
^gyp^v on the west bank of the 
Nile, after Psammetichus the resi- 
dence of the rulers of all Egypt, 
and therefore taken for Egypt 
itself Hos.9,6i elsewhere ep Is.l9, 
13; Jer.2,16; Ez.30,l3. 

DB^afiD 2S.21,8 for ncj^J^SP , which 

?^|fla (prop. pt. HipK of Vi^) m. 

1) intercessor, mediator Is.59,16.~ 

2) adversary 8^^P53 n^5y in and 

• IT VT ""J"" 

he comma deth it (the light) 
against the adversary J b.36,32. In 
later Hebrewy^^pB5 imperatively. 

W£D (from y;§) w. object of at- 
tack, mark TjS Vip^h '•jnag^ n^h 
why hast thou set me as an ob- 


Ject for thee to attack (or: as a 
mark for thee to shoot at) Jb. 

nSD (from n&j ; c. HgQ) m. breath- 
ing out, expiring B^gfngQ DflJiPO} 
and their hope shall be th« 
breathing out of the soulJb.11,20. 

nfiD (from ngj) m. bellows Jer.6 29- 

nB^3^flQ pr, n. son of Jonathan 

28.4,4*= Sra ^n? iChr.aSl a:. J 
Sg^-'^ntp 9,40. 

D'^Sp pr. n. son of Benjamin Gen. 
46^21 = D^^Sp^ Num.26,39. 

pfiO (prop. pL Hiph. of Y^) w 
mallet, hammer Pr.25,18. 

hBD (from hsi ; c ^fiQ ; pi. c. ^SpQ' 
tn. 1) that which falls ofT, refuse 
^3 ^SS the refuse of the grain, 
i. e. chaflr Am.8,6.— 2) what falls 
or hangs down ilS^) ^S^O the 
hanging parts of his flesh, i. e 
his dew-laps Jb.41,15. 

riN/Bp (from nh^) f. wondrous 
work, miracle; only pi. c. n^87?D 
D^y^ D>2pn the v/ondrous works 
of him who is perfect in knowl- 
edge Jb.37,16. 

n0Q (from J^f; j)Z. ni3^99) f. 

division, class 2Chr.35,12. 

n^SD a. n^eO (from h^f) f. fail, 

ruin n^$Q ''VQ a ruinous heap Is. 
17,1; njee^ njjf^ he brought it to 
ruin 23,13. 

tQ^fiO (from toSf) m. escape Ps.5&,9. 




nXt^Bb (from Y^6) m. boiror, hide- 

ous idol lK.l!)J3. 
\tfhSiD (from fe^^B = tflB) m. the 

poising, balancing; only pi, c, 

^ ^S?r$9 the balancings (i. e. 

• • • 

floating) of the clouds Jb.37,16> 
rhsa (from hsi ; tf. mSfiB) f. 1) 

V IV - ^ 

fall, ruin Ez.26,i5; Pr.29,16.- 2) 
fallen trunk (of a tree) Ez.31J3. — 
B) carcass, corpse Jud.l4,8. 

WfiD (from ^S6) »«. work, deed; 
only pi, sf, VS559 iiJ8 works Pr. 

n^»fiD (= *?¥??) r. work, deed; 

T T * * • 

only pi. c. 1.1 riiSy.59 the works 

• • • • 

of :.he Lord Ps.46,9; 66,5. 

nȣ0 see r\Vf:^ . 

|*SP (from X^ ; «/". iV^B) m. a crush- 
ing, smashing y^'Q "h"^ weapon 
of destruction Ez.9,2. 

ySQ (from (^B^) w. hammer (Eng. 
Bible: battle-axe) Jer.51.20. 

IpflD (from npB; c. Hj^t?) m. num- 

berlng, census Dyn'lflSp "^SPP 
the sum of the number of the 
people 2S.24,9.— 2) appointment, 
mandate 2Chr. 31, 13.— 3) ap- 
pointed place pnp n^an y^^ 

tS^^DtpS ill the appointed place of 
the house, without the sanctury 
Ez.43,21.— £) in np^§n IfiCf Neh. 
3,31 the name of a gate of 

r^fip (from ni ; only i)Z. af, rv^??) 
w. prop, brsach, incision, hence: 
Vulet, bay, guU Jud.5,17.