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Full text of "Suffolk surnames"

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SUFFOLK SURNAMES. 



SUFFOLK SURNAMES. 



N. I. BOWUITCH. 



" A name ! If the party had a voice, 
What mortal would be a Bugg by choice ? " 

HOOD. 




iaecoito Htution, enlarge*). 



BOSTON: 

TICKNOR AND FIELDS. 

1858. 



<— -o £ * 

/ 1 s 



Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1858, by 

NATHANIEL INGERSOLL BOWDITCH, 

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts. 



BOSTON: 
PRINTED BY JOHN WILSON AND SOX. 

22, School Street. 



TO THE MEMORY 



A. SHURT, 



"THE FATHER OF AMERICAN CONVEYANCING, 



WHOSE NAME IS ASSOCIATED ALIKE 



Pg gailg ftoiirf auft mg gailg Occupation. 



CONTENTS. 



Chapter. • Page. 

I. ORIGIN OF NAMES 1 

II. REMARKABLE NAMES FROM LIFE AND DEATH ; LOVE AND 

FEAR; HOGGISH NAMES; SHORT AND LONG; ETC. . . 4 

III. SPECIMENS OF CHRISTIAN NAMES 12 

IV. OPPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED 21 

V. PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER 31 

VI. PECULIAR SURNAMES (CONTINUED); GOOSE, ETC 42 

VII. NAMES FROM HEATHEN DEITIES, ETC. ; HEAVEN AND HELL, 

ETC.; MAN, AND PARTS OF A MAN 47 

VIII. MALE FEMALE NAMES; NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES . 54 

IX. NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES 75 

X. NAMES FROM RELATIONSHIP AND AFFECTION ; FROM AGE, ETC. 90 
XI. NAMES FROM NATIONS, COUNTRIES, TOWNS; AND NAMES OF 

PROMISCUOUS OR MULTITUDINOUS SIGNIFICATIONS . . 95 

XII. NAMES FROM ARTICLES OF DRESS AND ORNAMENT . . . 100 

XIII. NAMES FROM ANIMALS 107 

XIV. NAMES FROM BIRDS 113 

XV. NAMES FROM FISHES, INSECTS, REPTILES, ETC. ; AND OTHER 

DISAGREEABLE NAMES 119 

XVI. NAMES FROM THE FACE OF NATURE 127 

XVII. NAMES FROM TREES, FRUITS, AND VEGETATION .... 136 
XVIII. NAMES FROM THE ELEMENTS ; FROM HEAT, COLD, FUEL ; AND 

FROM POINTS OF THE COMPASS 147 

XIX. NAMES FROM SEASONS, TIME, NUMERALS, DIMENSIONS, AND 

SPACE, ETC 154 



Viii CONTENTS. 

Chapter. Page. 

XX. NAMES FROM MUSIC AND DANCING, AND FROM COLORS . 162 
XXI. NAMES FROM SOCIETY, EDIFICES, PARTS OF EDIFICES, SIGNS 

OF INNS, BUILDING-MATERIALS, FURNITURE, ETC. . . 168 

XXII. NAMES FROM STREETS, UTENSILS, ETC 178 

XXIII. NAMES FROM MATHEMATICS, LOGIC, LITERATURE, AND LAW 182 

XXIV. NAMES FROM MONEY AND THRIFT, AND THEIR OPPO- 

SITES 190 

XXV. NAMES FROM CHARITY ; FROM COMMERCE AND NAVIGA- 
TION ; FROM DIGNITIES AND OFFICES 196 

XXVI. NAMES FROM TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS 202 

XXVII. NAMES FROM PRODUCTS AND OBJECTS OF TRADE. — NAMES 

FROM EATABLES 207 

XXVIII. NAMES FROM HORSEMANSHIP AND LOCOMOTION ; FROM 

GAMES AND SPORTS 212 

XXIX. NAMES FROM WAR AND FIGHTING 218 

XXX. NAMES FROM DISEASES AND MEDICINES ; DRINKING NAMES 225 

XXXI. NAMES FROM EJACULATIONS, ETC 232 

XXXII. SURNAMES FROM CHRISTIAN NAMES ; OR ENDING IN OLD 

SAXON WORDS 235 

XXXIII. NAMES ORIGINATING IN MISTAKE ; TRANSLATED, CHANGED, 

ETC 241 

XXXIV. MISCELLANEOUS NAMES STILL EXTANT AMONG US . . . 246 
XXXV. MISCELLANEOUS NAMES EXTINCT IN BOSTON 252 

XXXVI. CONCLUDING REMARKS. — WORDS DERIVED FROM NAMES 255 



NOTES 263 

INDEX 267 



PREFACE. 



When our forefathers came to this country, they 
introduced at once a Registry of Deeds, or a uni- 
form system of recording land-conveyances ; and they 
also established a Probate Office, to contain the 
entire settlement of the estates of deceased per- 
sons, — the original probate of each will being for 
ever conclusive on all parties, both as to real and 
personal property. In both these particulars, they 
were two centuries in advance of the mother country, 
where such registries of conveyances were only 
locally and partially introduced, and where wills were 
required to be proved over again in each suit respect- 
ing real estate. The county of Suffolk consists of 
the city of Boston, and the small adjoining town 
of Chelsea and its various subdivisions. It formerly 
included also the several towns now constituting 
Norfolk County. Suffolk County, therefore, means 
Boston and its immediate vicinity. Our registry of 
deeds now numbers 735 volumes, of which the first 



PREFACE. 



20 contain all the deeds prior to A.D. 1700. The 
deeds of the next hundred years come down only to 
Lib. 200. Those of the first quarter of this century 
reach to Lib. 300; and the last thirty years have 
added more volumes than were made during the 
whole former period. It is to this collection of 
Suffolk deeds that I refer by L. and f. All the 
records of Suffolk County were removed to Canada 
during the Revolution; and two volumes — L. 112 
and L. 114 (for the years 1766, 1768) — were not 
returned. In these missing volumes, lawyers have 
presumed to be recorded all conveyances of or before 
that period which cannot be found, — a convenient 
hypothesis, which however, it must be confessed, 
would make these two volumes more bulky than any 
twenty others. It is an interesting fact, that, though 
these records have existed among us for two centu- 
ries, it is only within the present year that an 
appropriation of twelve thousand dollars has been 
made for a new and perfect Index since A.D. 1800, 
in which all the various surnames are to be arranged 
alphabetically. This Index will be of incalculable 
value, and will supersede for ever a vast amount of 
irksome labor. 

The existence of these records has produced 
among us a branch of the legal profession known as 



PREFACE. XI 

conveyancers, and examiners of titles to real estate. 
On the completion of my law-studies, my tastes led 
me to this pursuit ; and I have now fifty-five auto- 
graph folio volumes, of five hundred pages each, of 
these abstracts of titles. Beginning my researches in 
1827, before the registry had become very volumi- 
nous, I, in every instance, traced back the estate to 
the settlement of the town ; whereas, at present, con- 
veyancers scarcely ever extend their investigations 
back of the present century. I have thus a fami- 
liarity with the names of the early owners of real 
estate among us which my successors have never 
obtained or sought for. Further, our law permits an 
attachment of real estate on mesne process to secure 
a debt ; and I have an alphabetical list of all those 
whose estates have been thus encumbered since 1831. 
As it is now provided that recordrbooks of attach- 
ments shall be kept by the clerks of the several 
courts, no such private list exists anywhere else. 

In connection with these my professional re- 
searches, I have now in my possession strictly alpha- 
betical indices, to the extent of three thousand pages, 
of names of persons who have been parties to convey- 
ances from the settlement of the country, or defend- 
ants in suits in our courts, or who have taken the 
benefit of the late Bankrupt Law of the United 



Xll PREFACE. 

States, or whose estates have been administered upon 
in the Probate Office. 

I also own the original editions of Pope's " Iliad " 
and "Odyssey," in eleven large quarto volumes 
(1715-25); Thomson's "Seasons," both the original 
edition of 1730, and a very rare one illustrated by 
Bartolozzi, published in 1797 ; and the Macklin 
Bible, in six large quarto volumes, published in 
1800, of which it is believed that only one other copy 
exists in this country. These works contain long 
lists of subscribers in England and Scotland. Many 
of the names embraced in these volumes and in our 
early records are now unknown among us. 

" Miscellanies, in Prose and Verse, by Mary Jones," 
was published at Oxford in 1740, in the first style of 
typography of the day. This work is dedicated to 
" The Princess Royal and of Orange ; " and all the 
nobility and chief gentry are among the subscribers. 
It is in the possession of Charles Sprague, the poet ; 
and has been kindly placed at my disposal as ' ite 
a treasury of odd names. It is remarkable that a 
volume containing at least one piece which no lady 
would now read, should have been, only a century 
ago, written by a lady, and universally admired by 
the most refined and cultivated of the land. Who 
was Mary Jones'? 



PREFACE. Xlll 

I am indebted to Thomas J. Lee, Esq., of this city, 
for a printed subscription-list for Chauchard's maps 
of Germany, Italy, &c, — a work published under 
the like royal and noble patronage, in London, A.D. 
1800. 

The venerable Charles Lowell, D.D., voluntarily 
sent to me several pages of names of members of the 
West Church in Boston during the last century ; all 
of which, however, I was gratified to find that I had 
in my own records. 

There is, in the Massachusetts Historical Society, a 
catalogue of the books in the library of Harvard 
College selected for the especial use of the under- 
graduates, printed in 1773. Of this collection, 
scarcely one book in ten is now seen or heard of. 
It has furnished me with several remarkable names. 
It recommends the " History of England, 5 vols. 
8vo, by Mrs. Catherine Macauley;" of whom Dr. 
Johnson said, " There was one Mrs. Macauley in this 
town, — a great republican." Ozanam's " Cursus 
Mathematicus " has a less familiar sound to our ears 
than Macaulaifs " History of England." 

The names on tombs are chiefly from Tissington's 
" Epitaphs," London, 1857 ; a few being obtained 
from Dr. Johnson's " Collection of Epitaphs," Lon- 
don, 1806. 



XIV PREFACE. 

The early Colonial Records, recently printed by 
authority of the Commonwealth, in six splendid 
quarto volumes, contain very many of the most 
curious names in the following collection ; viz., all 
those to which ancient dates are affixed. 

Within a few weeks, the London Directory for 
1858 was sent to me by Frederick W. Thayer, Esq. ; 
but its appalling dimensions, and the progress which 
I had already made in printing this edition, have pre- 
vented my availing myself of his courtesy to any 
considerable extent. 

The great work of Agassiz, so honorable to the 
country of his adoption, of which the first two 
volumes appeared in November, 1857, has a long list 
of subscribers throughout all the States of the 
Union. 

The financial crisis of 1857 led to the publication 
of lists of those who became insolvent in all our chief 
cities. 

From these sources, and from the perusal of the 
city Directories of Boston and Salem, of New York 
and Philadelphia, the Business Directories of New 
England and Canada, the American Almanacs, the 
Navy Register for 1849, the College Catalogues of 
Harvard and Yale, and of the U. S. Military Academy 
at West Point, I derived the materials for this publi- 



PREFACE. XV 

cation. Its preparation solaced the weary hours of a 
long confinement. It gradually became too volumi- 
nous for what I at first designed it, — a series of 
newspaper articles; and it is printed in its present 
form, in the hope, that, although it possesses no 
permanent interest or value, others may derive from 
its perusal somewhat of the amusement which it has 
afforded to myself. 



In 1857, I printed, for private distribution, a few 
copies of a collection of surnames prepared almost 
exclusively from my own volumes of Records, and the 
works in my library. A kind notice of my little 
volume from the other side of the Atlantic (" House- 
hold Words," 1857) awaked a curiosity respecting it 
beyond the circle of my personal friends, and induces 
me to publish a small edition. It is dedicated to a 
conveyancer of 1626, of whose claims upon me I first 
became aware from a late publication of J. Wingate 
Thornton, Esq. It has, I trust, been rendered more 
complete than the first by the use of the numerous 
additional materials above referred to, and should 
now perhaps be entitled " Directories Digested ; or, 
the Romance of the Registry." 

Boston, July, 1858. 



SUFFOLK SURNAMES. 



CHAPTER I. 



ORIGIN OF NAMES. 



QURNAMES are known to have been assumed, in 
*J some instances, before the Norman conquest ; 
but they did not become general in England until 
two or three centuries later. Every name, no doubt, 
originally had a meaning, or was at first assumed 
or imposed from its real or supposed fitness, from 
some accidental circumstance, or from mere caprice. 
Each individual is distinguished from his fellows 
only by his name. But for this system, history and 
biography could scarcely exist. 

Christian names being given in infancy, and by 
friends and relatives, cannot, as a general rule, have 
bad significations, or be associated with crime and 
misfortune. What child was ever christened Judas 
or Dido % It is otherwise, however, with surnames. 
These will be found to be of all shades, from the best 
to the worst, the most pleasing to the most ridiculous. 



2 ORIGIN OF NAMES. 

They originated later in life, after the character and 
habits of the individual had been formed, and after he 
had engaged in some permanent occupation, trade, or 
pursuit. They were given by the community in 
which he dwelt, — by enemies as well by friends. 

Surnames are traceable to several chief sources. 
The Christian names of parents : thus John, the son 
of Dick, becomes John Dickson. Dignities, offices, 
and occupations : thus John, the squire, sergeant, 
smith, or baker, becomes John Squire, John Sar- 
gent, John Smith, or John Baker. Countries, 
towns, particular localities of residence or ownership, 
including signs of inns : these local names are 
by far the most numerous of all, — perhaps more 
numerous than all others together. Bodily pecu- 
liarities, and virtues and vices, including names of 
beasts, birds, and insects (as wolf, fox, parrot, 
bee), or inanimate objects (as stone, flint, marble, 
&c), a resemblance to which is suggested by these 
personal or mental traits : these, likewise, constitute a 
very numerous class. Accidental circumstances or 
incidents : thus the being born at a certain season of 
the year, or in a certain month, or on a certain day, 
or at a certain hour, may have been the origin of the 
families of Spring, Winter, May, Monday, Sunrise. 
Mr. Nine may have been a ninth child. Foundlings 
are often unkindly dealt with, being named from the 
rather objectionable buildings in which they are found 
exposed. 






ORIGIN OF NAMES. 



Fortunes are amassed and dissipated ; dynasties 
rise, and pass away : but one's name (slightly changed 
or impaired, it may be, by time) is yet safely trans- 
mitted from father to son, — an inheritance of to-day 
from a remote and otherwise unknown ancestry. 



CHAPTER II. 

REMARKABLE NAMES, — FROM LIFE AND DEATH; LOVE AND FEAR; 
HOGGISH NAMES; SHORT AND LONG; &c. 

The names of persons, Christian and surname, form 
a very curious subject. Our records furnish some 
most remarkable specimens of them both. At Queens- 
town, C.W., lives A. Mirracle. Life died out many , 
years ago, though we yet have Mr. Living. Biot, the 
name of the distinguished French mathematician, is 
derived from the Greek word signifying " life." Cof- 
fins, Graves, Toomey, and Tombs are numerous. We 
have one Bier. Death and Slaughter had formerly 
some living representatives in our midst. Death, 
indeed, is one of our oldest families (1679}, and is 
also found in Canada and at Cincinnati. A Mr. Death 
made a mortgage to the Life Insurance Company. 
Mr. Slaughter was a commander in our navy, 1849. 
Seven families of this latter name live in Philadel- 
phia. 

Todtleben, the name of the distinguished Russian 
general, means " dead-life." An English author, 
Ilive, wrote in 1730-3. A domestic in the home 
of my boyhood (Salem, Mass.) was named Mercy 
Deadman. A Mr. Deadman lives at Delaware, 



REMARKABLE NAMES. 5 

C.W..; Mr. Dyde, at Montreal. There is a living 
Corse at Duxbury, Vt. Mr. Corse, of Burlington? 
Iowa, subscribed for Agassiz' work. No less than 
Hve families of that name are found in Montreal ; 
and families of Corpse exist in England. Mr. 
Mors is a graduate of Harvard. In the New- York 
Directory are families of Todt (German for " dead"), 
Corse, Deadman, and Deady; also Dumsday (i.e., "day 
of judgment "). Matthew P. Deady is Associate 
Justice of Oregon (1856) ; and a Mr. Deady lives at 
Streetville, C.W. ; Mr. Buryhill, at Exeter, C.W. 
Bonehouse is found in Philadelphia (a name which 
seems equivalent to a grave) ; also families of Corse, 
Corsey, Mort, and Tomb. Mr. Mumma is Chairman 
of a Committee of the Pennsylvania Legislature, Octo- 
ber, 1857; and this name is also found in Dumbo, 
C.W. Hannah Births was married at Woburn in 
1649. Nat ale is found in our Directory, and only 
one Lazarus. Six families of Lazarus, however, 
appear in Philadelphia. 

The spirit of Devotion may yet be seen in our 
city churches, and his house is standing in an adjoin- 
ing town ; but he is no longer visible, in the flesh, 
" on 'Change." One Scripture had a suit in our 
Supreme Judicial Court, 1855 ; and this name, indeed, 
is very common in New England, being sometimes 
spelled Scripter. There are, I hope, still many fami- 
lies of Love among us ; but, with a single exception, 
they now walk about under another nomenclature. 



O NAMES FROM LOVE AND FEAR. 

Once they even gave names to our streets. Thus, files- 
ton Street was originally Love Lane. It also became 
a Christian name, here and elsewhere, among the 
descendants of these ancestors. Love Rawlins 
owned real estate at the North End. In the Cathe- 
dral Church of Peterborough is a monument to John 
Loving, who died 1781. Some of our best illustra- 
tions of Irish character are from the pen of Samuel 
Lover. I do not find Cupid as a Christian name ; 
but I do find Lovey and Venus. We have Mr. Amor 
Hollingworth ; and Amory is one of our first fami- 
lies. Mr. Amour was lost in the Central America, 
1857. In New York, I find families of L' Amour, 
L'Amoureaux, &c. ; and, in Philadelphia, there are 
twenty-seven families of Love. Fear,' I believe, has 
never been a surname among us: but we have Mr. 
Fearing ; and Mrs. Fear Bourne was a landholder. 
Mr. Fear lives at Elmira, C.W. ; and Mr. Fearman, 
at Hamilton, C.W. We have among us the surname 
of Hope, which is a name of great note in Eng- 
land. 

There was an interesting family-group, the mem- 
bers of which respectively rejoiced in the names of 
Cord Cordis, Cord Wing, Fathergone Dinely, 
and Dinely Wing. One of our thoroughfares was 
Hog Alley ; but perhaps some will be surprised to 
learn that a Mr. Pighog appears in an early volume 
of our records. Jonathan Pigg, of Dedham, is party 
to a deed in L. 78, f. 66. We have also Hoggeridge 



hoggish names. 1 

(1674), Hogsflesh (1657), Farrow, Hoegg, Hogg, 
Shoats (L. 90, f. 230), Swiney, Ham, Hamm, Bacon, 
and Brine. Choate, though a distinguished, is not 
an imposing name. It is, perhaps, a corruption of 
Shote, a young pig ; which name still exists in Eng- 
land. From a late review, we learn that a former 
pope had a name signifying Hogs-mouth. The poetic 
wreath encircles the brow of a Scotch Hogg. When 
an action was called into court not long since, a smile 

was produced by the announcement, that Mr. 

appeared for Gammon. Another Mr. Farrow is a 
barber at Lewiston, Me. Mr. Lard arrived here in the 
" Star of the West," from Panama, October, 1857 ; and 
a Mr. Lard lives in Philadelphia. John Wallower 
& Son received a government contract for whiskey in 
Boston and New York, May, 1857. The name of Swil- 
laway occurs in our Middlesex records, being probably 
a corruption of Silloway. Thomas Bristleham, of 
Roxbury (September, 1857), shows a most swinish 
taste in nomenclature. In New York live families of 
Hoggs, Sties, Swilling, Swein, and Swiney. Mr. 
Hog, of that city, sells liquor. Mr. Hogben (Hog- 
pen]) lives at Toronto, C.W. ; and Wallowbury, 
Hogwood, Hams, and Shoat, at Philadelphia. Hog- 
mire is a common name in Livingston County, N.Y. 

Some names are very short. Mr. Ai Wheat made 
many deeds in an adjoining county. Ai Blood is a 
baker. We had our Bill Vose. In our Directory is 
Mr. Showe Ar, from the Celestial Empire. Mr. Ernst 



8 SHORT NAMES. 

Au sells milk in New York. Using the initial letter 
only of his Christian name, he is Mr. E Au (the French 
for " water "). Mr. Ey lives in Philadelphia, as do also 
three families of Ox. I have met with Si Er ; and this 
case always seemed to me the very essence of brevity. 
Even the Frenchman, Monsieur d'O, having, proba- 
bly, a longer Christian name, must yield to this rival. 
Sa & Co. failed in London, November, 1857, in the 
Brazilian trade. Mr. Deas was graduated at West 
Point. Mr. Tuells ought to be considered as a name 
of two letters only ; and Mr. Dee, Mr. Kay, Mr. Pee,* 
and Mr. Wye, are obviously names of but one letter. 
Mr. Izard is Governor of Nebraska. We have very 
many names of three letters only, such as those last 
mentioned; and Ash, Elm, Bly, Car (L. 547), Can 
Fay, Fax, Foy, Fox, Fry, Gay, Gaw, Gow, Hay 
Ide, Ral, Sky, Sly, Guy, Cop (1669), Dam, Cam 
Lay, May, Nay, Ray, Rae, Rea, Way, Wey, Tay 
Roy, Coy, Moy, Toy, Tak, Tew, Nut, Tye, Gee, Lee 
Doe, Dow, Kah, Kop, Ker, Low, Man; Pid, 1642 
Ted, 1648; Het, 1642; Dun, 1647; Dod, 1656 
Tyd, 1671; Els, 1658; Iue, 1683; Bex, 1679 
Ong, 1679; Bey, 1674; Bud, 1677; Mun, 1679 
Got, 1682; Hix, 1677; Mow, Moe, Ord, Orr, Oxx 
Och, Eck, New, Nix, Rix, Wax, Rex, Lug, Ure 
Roe, Rue, Nau, Nye, Joy, Ela, Ely, Dix, Yeo, Hoy 
and Hox. Messrs. * c Box and Cox " doubtless often 
visit the Museum together. Mr. Coe figures exten- 

* In 1857, a libel was pending to which S. J. Pee was a party. 



SHORT NAMES. 



sively in various partnerships. Mr. Hoe is not an 
agriculturist. Edgar A. Poe's song of the " Raven " 
is familiar to us all. Mr. Mee, of Jersey City, JST.J., 
failed in October, 1857. Our Miss Mee, in October, 
1857, married a husband who had prior claims upon 
him ; and our Mr. Mee, unable to discriminate between 
meum and tuum, committed ten larcenies in November, 
1 85 7. Among the subscribers to Thomson's " Seasons," 
I find Mr. Jee and Mr. Mee ; and both these names 
exist in New York. Mee is also found in Philadel- 
phia. Mr. Lum lives at Derby, Conn., and also at 
Cambridgeport ; Mr. Lew, at Lowell; Mr. Yam, at 
Lawrence ; and Mr. Yaw, at North Adams. We have 
Hue's " Chinese Empire ; " Ure's " Dictionary of the 
Arts." Guy's Hospital is one of the glories of Lon- 
don. Mr. Gye presides over the Italian Opera in 
that city. Mr. Yem lives there (1857). 

Mr. Aby was a midshipman ; and Henry Eld, jun., 
a lieutenant in our navy, 1849. Mrs. Bew subscribed 
for Miss Jones's book. Dr. John Dee had great 
celebrity in his day. Our Mr. John Dee made a 
deed (Lib. 584). "We have now a Right Reverend 
Bishop Kip, at San Francisco; and Kip is found 
among the graduates of Yale, as is also Ion. Miss 
Hui was married in Boston, June 25, 1857. Louisiana 
has its Judge Bry. Dr. Dox is agent of the State Pri- 
son in Michigan. Dr. Uhl, of New York, circumvented 
Mrs. Cunningham in her maternity plot, 1857. Mr. 
Val arrived here in a Cunard steamer, September, 



■2 



10 SHORT NAMES. 

185T ; and Mr. Kul came here from California, 
October, 1857. Mr. Amm was lost in the "Central 
America," 1857. Gau published a splendid French 
work on Nubia. Bishop Ken was a learned and 
pious divine. John Pym was a man of note in his 
day. No hero in human history has surpassed the 
Cid. 

The New -York Directory contains many additional 
names of three letters, as' Abt, Ach, Adt, Aey, Ahl, 
Ahm, Alt, Arl, Ase, Ast, Atz, Aug, Aul, Aur, Bal, 
Bek, Bem, Ber, Bli, Boe, Boh, Bom, Bos, Bow, Bub, 
Daw, Dax, Dod, Don, Dun, Ege, Elz, Epp, Etz, Erb, 
Erk, Ery, Igo, Ihl, Ing, Jex, Kab, Kas, Kip, Kos, 
Len, Loy, Lus, Luz, Mas, Max, Mon, Naf, Nam, 
Nee, Neu, Ney, Nix, Olt, Ort, Ott, Otz, Pia, Pim, 
Qua, Rad, Rau, Ree, Rek, Roh, Rue, Sam, Sax, See, 
Sim, Syz, Uch, Ulm, Unz, Ure, Utt, Utz, Vey, Voy, 
Wex, Wet, Wie, Yhm, Yoe. 

In Philadelphia, I find families of Abe, Ahn, Ang, 
App, Ard, Arn, Atz, Adb, Axt, Bos, Bry, Bik, Box, 
Dos, Dux, Duy, Eli, Ent, Epp, Erb, Eby, Ilk, Lao, 
Lob, Nax, Ohl, Opp, Ord, Orf, Ork, Ost, Ott, 
Hew, Rox, Teh, Ulp, Una, Unn, Wex, Zah, Zeh. 

Canada furnishes many names of three letters : Eby, 
Ley, Ede, Erb, Haw, Bry, Udy, Jex, Sim, Sym, You, 
Bew, Arl, Ead, Ott, Ery, Ure, Ens, Moy, Lor, Etu, 
Oke, Kee, Eli, Eno, Fex, Gex, Deo, Dea, Moe, Sye, 
Pim, Sax, Lox, Oel, Pey, &c. 

On the contrary, some names are of excessive length ; 



LONG NAMES. 11 

as Partheimuller, Higginbottom or Hickinbotham, 
Champernoone, Corolleiauer, Breckenbury, Col- 

LINGBOURNE, CrOWNINSHIELD, DwELSHAUVERS, AlLETZ- 
HAUSSEIR. KwiNKELENBERG, FlENKENFLEUGEL, GrEP- 
PENHAGEN, GuGGENHEIMER, DlFFENDAFFER, HaCHE- 
DOORIAN, CHRISTOPHERSON (1661), TOURTELOTTE, 

Whittingham, and Wigglesworth. The English 
name of Featherstonhaugh goes beyond any of 
these. Featherstonehaugh is fonnd at Guelph, 
C.W. ; Christopherson, at Montreal ; and Messrs. 
Bidden clipper, Ohrongloweis, and Strachatinistry, 
at Philadelphia. A married lady of Boston (Mrs. F.) 
was, in 1838, about to sign a deed, releasing her 
dower (L. 434, f. 295). I asked her name. Her hus- 
band said that she used the initial A, but that her 
name was " Aldebarontiphoscofornia." This name 
is probably the longest that a parent ever inflicted on 
a child. 



12 



CHAPTER III 

SPECIMENS OF CHRISTIAN NAMES. 

I have known a lady with a masculine Christian 
name. Her father, tired of waiting for a son, had 
made a vow to himself, that his next child, of what- 
ever sex, should be named John ; and he kept his vow 
at the expense of a daughter.* Sometimes a male 
Christian name is given to a daughter by mistake. 
Thus, a lady, having the Christian name of Cataline, 
died in Boston, in the summer of 1857. On the 
other hand, one of our merchants has the apparently 
female Christian name of Catholina. Parents of a 
sentimental character often display their taste in the 
nomenclature of their children. • Other names are 
of a decidedly prosaic and practical nature. One 
of the streets in Boston is called Shoe-and- Leather 
Street. An honest carpenter, named Josselyn, was 
christened Marquis Fayette, notwithstanding all 
titles of honor are illegal among us. Marquis 
McDuff also appears in our Directory. 

A late counsellor of this city named two of his sons 
William : they are distinguished from each other by 

* John Stewart. She died March, 1857, aged eighty-two years. 



SPECIMENS OF CHRISTIAN NAMES. 13 

the middle names of Nye and Watson. Occasion- 
ally the family name is taken as a Christian name ; 
as Thomas K. Thomas, Owen Owens, &c. Heman, 
a familiar Christian name with us, is signally appro- 
priate to every male-child. 

Occasionally a permanent joke is aimed at. Thus 
it is said that Mr. Robert New named two of his 
sons Something and Nothing. This story is how- 
ever, I believe, apocryphal. In our Directory is a 
Mr. Castor Bean, and also a Mr. Ivory Bean ; both, 
doubtless, from the same stalk. Quincy is celebrated 
for its granite ; and we have Mr. Quincy Quary. 
We have also Mr. Coffin Pitts (L. 388, f. 164). 
King George also figures in our records. A former 
undergraduate of Harvard College, named Spear, 
had the Christian name of William Shake. Gen. 
Scott, so distinguished for his military achievements, 
has the Christian name of Winfield. Kutusoff was 
a celebrated Russian field-officer. Stirling Price is 
Governor of Missouri (1856). Mr. Louis Dorr lives 
in New York. Hurst means " a grove ; " and our Mr. 
Grove Hurst made many conveyances a hundred years 
ago. Mr. Always Gentler is found in the New- 
York Directory. Messrs. Major Depty and Bird 
Peat live in Philadelphia. Mr. Fish, a well-known 
resident of New York, was christened Preserved ; 
and a Mr. Crabtree, of Connecticut, personally known 
to a late Professor of Harvard College, was christened 
A. Green. There are enough of that surname in 



14 SPECIMENS OF CHRISTIAN NAMES. 

New England to make quite an orchard. Of the same 
class is the name of Salem Towne, the senior member 
of our late State Senate. Though nominally repre- 
senting the " city of peace,'' he has the military title 
of general. Marshal Net was recently indicted in 
our court. Sometimes a joke is committed uninten- 
tionally : thus Mr. Mudd, at the South, named a son, 
in honor of the great Western statesman, Henry 
Clay Mudd. Christmas Carrol died at Lowell, Nov. 
22, 1857, nineteen years old. Dickens's "Christmas 
Carol " is destined to a much longer life. Pleiades 
Orion Lumbkin was a former student at West Point. 
Our Puritan forefathers often used as names 
long and pious sentences, and such expressions as 
Free Grace, Search the Scriptures, Elected, 
Praise God, &c. Hate-evil Nutter is noticed in 
our Colony Records, 1649 ; and Faint-not Wines 
became a freeman, 1644. In November, 1857, Rest- 
come Case and Pardon W. (Pardon Wicked 1) Case 
were parties to conveyances, and have a fraternal 
affinity, at least in name. Hume's amusing list of 
the names of twelve jurymen in Cromwell's time is 
familiar to us all. With these Puritanical exceptions, 
even double Christian names were scarcely known in 
England till within the last century. Lord Coke, 
indeed, declares more than one illegal. Milton, 
Shakspeare, Locke, Cromwell, &c, were satisfied 
with one. At last came Charles James Fox, &c. 
Now they are extremely common. We have, among 



SPECIMENS OF CHRISTIAN NAMES. 15 

statesmen, John Quincy Adams and Robert C. , Win- 
throp ; historians, &c, William H. Prescott, John 
Lothrop Motley, and George S. Hillard ; and our 
poets, Longfellow, Bryant, Lowell, Holmes, Si- 
gourney, Dana, Whittier, Frothingham, Willis, 
Brooks, Emerson, Tuckerman, Parsons, Fields, Per- 
cival, Poe, Key, &c., all have middle names. Many, 
indeed, are not contented with two names. A married 
relative of my own, — who chooses to retain also her 
maiden name, — should she spread out her signature 
to its full proportions, would write five distinct words, 
amounting in all to forty-one letters* 

We had a Mr. Returne Munnings ; and a former 
high-government officer, Return Jonathan Meigs, 
got his name from the circumstance, that his mother 
at first declined the addresses of her Jonathan, and 
then asked him to return. Mr. Cumback is a mem- 
ber of Congress. Mr. Return is found in the Direc- 
tory. Mr. Usual Knapp, the last of Washington's 
Life-Guard, died in Newburg, N.Y., in January, 1856. 
Among the Massachusetts men who took the benefit 
of the United-States Insolvent Law, I find Orion 
Broad, Salmon Ensign, and Socrates Frissell. In 
Buffalo, N.Y., is a business-sign of Adam Eva. 

Many other odd Christian names may be mentioned 
as occurring in the records of this county, such as 
Aloys, Almond, Almeron, Alpha, Amittai, Ammial, 
Amphion, Ambroscene, Annaple, Arsmus, Achsah, 

* Mrs. Elizabeth Boardman Ingersom. Bowditch Dixwkll. 



16 specimens of christian names. 

And, Ari, Ariel, Avonia, Bant, Barney, Belitho, 
Beiri, Biles, Bossenger, Bozoun, Brice, Bunker, 
Byby, Corydon, Sparrow, Chranston, Dan, Doda- 

VAH, DWELLEY, DeMAS, TaDE, MaNEER, RoOKSBY, 

Velma, Sarson, Salma, Zibeon, Kirk, Maudit, Kos- 
mos, Orleas, Sealum, Stansall, Pincus, Elven, 
Hilus, Briceno, Parny, Nymphas, Galusha, Selthia, 
Pruda (L. 711, f. 92), Zina, Ziba, Zarlock, Griffin 
(L. 251, f. 57), Sarkis, Hirieli, Talmuna, Sepha- 
more, Ferris, Scammel, Sabin, Hadassah, Cussander, 
Saloam, Lusher, Zabdiel, Milo, Manton, Reistle, 
Stokes, Hopley, Orange, Dedrum, Delos, Merari, 
Zattu, Hoop, Nyott, Gershom, Zeberton, Semira, 

LOBENA, LUEVA, LuNANA, ClAVARS, ArMEDA, ZeDA, 

zoeth, hlland, paraclete, orient, ohio, boston, 
Quincy, Amherst, Salem, Milton, Lowell, Philadel- 
phia, Brittain, Albion, Malagay, Holland, London, 
Vienna, Tunis, Florence, Cadis, Uri, Smyrna, 
Ednah, Corliss, Fenton, Tead, Sparack, Stidman, 

JOSEHEBETH, JeHU, JlREH, ElISHAWAY, RuHAMAH, 

Suyiah, Leister, Erdix, Salathiel, Vashti, Velzora, 
Thannie, Theron, Orpha, Ruel, Odeardo ! Luman, 
Wendlocke, Obid, Osson, Othniel, Bethuel, Clem, 
Cephorine, Vear, Lucitanus, Sebeus, Cotton, Ivory, 
Jasper, Emerald, Ruby, Violet, Elm, Greenleaf, 
Branch, Rezin, Egidius, Lazarus, Loa, Zoa, Nion, 
Oel, Oral, Oxel, Orra, Otto, Edee, Iola, Seamen, 
Seranus, Ryneer, Standfast, Life, Leader, Lodema, 
Holder, Bonum, Pilgrim, Increase, Seaborne, 



specimens of christian names. 17 

Bridge, Supply, Deodat, Donation, Given, Tem- 
perance, Freegrace, Orison, Zion, Experience, 
Consider, Prudence, Stilson, Patience, Urbain, 
Mercy, Dependence, Deliverance, Hope, Reliance, 
Hopestill, Fearing, Welcome, Desire, Amity, Com- 
fort, Joice, Rejoice, Pardon, Remember, Selah, 
Stillman, Dummer, Gaudy, Debonar, Sweet, Shippie, 
Telley, Freeke, Frizzle, Grizzle, Barker, Wailey, 
Latter, Lately, August, Winter, Paschal, Mama, 
Bob, Bill, Cuff, Weed, Starling, Nabby, Frink, 
Hinds, Marks, Pye, Justus, Vistus, Virgil, Victor, 
Wealthy, Earl, Baron, Major, Chancellor (L. 710, 
f. 144), Dean, Primus, Quartus, &c. We have 
Min dwell ; an excellent name for a wife. 

Administration on the estate of America Sparrow 
was granted in 1855 ; and America C. Tabb was 
sued in 1857. Mr. Emulous Stackpole was lately- 
sued. Mr. Lemon P. (Lemon Peel 1) Harding has 
made many conveyances. Mr. Lack Clancy, laborer, 
has not yet become wealthy. Mr. Lumber Allen is a 
shipwright. Mr. Vespasian E. Flye has an aspiring 
Christian name, and Mrs. Vesuvea Foster a fiery one. 
Mrs. Minerva Gray occupies a humble tenement for a 
goddess, as does also Mrs. Vesta Morano. Urania 
is the Christian name of a citizen moving in a humble 
sphere. Mr. Ceaser Hodder is a carpenter; Mr. 
Julius Knottman, a peddler ; and Mr. Artaxerxes C. 
Hoyt, an upholsterer. A clergyman in our vicinity 

3 



18 SPECIMENS OF CHRISTIAN NAMES. 

has the Christian name of Grindall * — more appro- 
priate for another profession. Mr. Duffey has selected 
the Law as a Christian name. John has more name- 
sakes than all the other evangelists together. Craven 
is found as a Christian name (L. 400, f. 15). Mr. 
Dunn has even the Christian name of Cain, — a 
decidedly exceptional case ; as is also that of Ananias 

CONCKLAYNE, Or CoNKLYN (1645). 

The Stickney and Shattuck families have each 
had members named One, Two, Three, &c. I have 
met with Eldesta. A father, doubtless intending that 
his son should have a liberal education, named him 
Dipluma. Another child, probably from being born 
on a particular kind of bed, was christened Matrassa. 
Mr. Ari Davis and Mr. Person Davis, from the 
oddity of their names, may perhaps be brothers. The 
romantic department is well represented by Garafelia 
(cava filia, or " dear daughter "), Philura, Belinda, 
Melinda, Ozia, Delicta, Hulda, Rosella, Lorenda, 
Luria, Anastasia, Pamela, Sophronia, Serena, 
Alvira, Galutia, Amanda, Fitzjames, Nelcour. 
We have Rodolphus Spalding. Orlando is a com- 
mon name : thus we have Orlando Ladd, a carpen- 
ter ; Orlando Libby, a cabinet-maker. Contrasted 
with this dignified name, I find, however, even more 
numerous specimens of the Christian name of Garret ; 
doubtless conferred from the circumstance, that the 
parties were born in an elevated locality. 

* England, indeed, has had its Rev. Edmund Grindal, D.D. 



SPECIMENS OF CHRISTIAN NAMES. 19 

Mr. Friend Cushing probably does not belong to 
the sect of Quakers. I find a widow with the Chris- 
tian name of Tamer : I know nothing, however, of 
her married life. Another, with the ominous name 
of Bellona, died in 1857. Mr. Valorous Taft is a 
senator of Massachusetts. The name of Opportunity 
Hoppin is found near Boston. Miss Tamzene Twi- 
ning was married in February, 1857. Mr. Ether 
Shepley of Portland, Me., is not a rival of Dr. Mor- 
ton in the great discovery of the age. Coplestone 
War Bampfylde, Esq., was one of Miss Jones's sub- 
scribers. Mr. Avis Magnoni died in May, 1857. 
Wonder Wears was a pupil at Groton Academy in 
1814; as was Miss Submit Nutting in 1813. Mr. 
Saxe-Gotha Laws was Clerk of the Delaware Senate 
in 1857. Our Mr. Luck Nash was unlucky enough 
to become a bankrupt in 1857. The wife of one of 
our distinguished merchants has the Christian name 
of Seraph. Miss Euphrosyne Tubbs, of West Ded- 
ham, was among the best contributors at a late Fair. 
We have Hodolphus Spalding and Aristides Talbot. 
Capt. Sparrow Horton died at Woburn not long 
since. Agassiz' subscription-list contains several 
curious Christian names ; as William Nephew King, 
of Georgia ; Flamen Ball, of Cincinnati ; Tipton 
Walker, of Galveston, Texas ; Janus (or " double- 
faced ") Fraiser, of Philadelphia, &c. England claims 
its Harbottle Grimston. 

The estate on Cambridge Street, at the east corner 



20 SPECIMENS OF CHRISTIAN NAMES. 

of Staniford Street, was derived by Mungo Mackay 
from Giles Dulake Tidmarsh. John Noldus de 
vin Pronk (L. 435, f. 266) has an outlandish sound. 
Mr. July E. Wine lives in New York. A late 
satire on Louis Napoleon Bonaparte, whose name 
combines the glories of both the French dynasties, 
belittles him as Mr. L. N. Bonaparte; and a 
well-known writer among ourselves, who has the 
Christian name of Lucius Manlius, lays aside his 
Roman dignity under the unpretending initials of 
L. M. Mr. Vicesimus Knox is a well-known author. 
Tertius S. Clarke was a clergyman of Stockbridge. 
A near neighbor of my father's had his eighth daugh- 
ter. Appropriate names were rather scarce. I sug- 
gested Octavia : he selected Zebiah, or Zibby. 
Twentyman Wood, of Greenwich, Conn., obtained 
a patent for making shingles (1858). A Miss Eliot, 
one of the owners of a large pasture through which 
Carver Street was laid out, was christened Silence, 
and grew up deaf and dumb. 

The following anecdote was related to me by a 
friend : At a trial, in which a well-known Liverpool 
merchant, Ottiwell Wood, was a witness, he was re- 
quested by the presiding judge, who was somewhat 
deaf, to spell his name ; which he did as follows : 
"O double £, i double u, e double I; double u dou- 
ble o, dr 



21 



CHAPTER IV. 

OPPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED. 

Mr. Belch lives in New York. We have had a Gov. 
Belcher, (what a corruption of the French Bel-chere !) 
and a Lieut.-Gov. Dummer. Gov. Gore married 
Miss Payne. Lieut.-Gov. Gill lived at Parker's in 
fine style, and was buried with great pomp, but died 
deeply insolvent. Mr. Derth figures in the Direc- 
tory of 1835 ; and Mr. Dearth, of a neighboring 
county, after enduring his name for many years, was 
at last induced by his family to change it. A law- 
student at Harvard is named Dearth. The English 
families of Houseless, Hunger, Need, and Want, 
have no representatives here: on the contrary, our 
records contain various deeds from persons named 
Plenty (L. 394, f. 247, &c). In New York, how- 
ever, I find Mr. Want, Mr. Wantman, Mr. Wants, 
Mr. Nead, Mr. Lack, Mr. Lackman, Mr. Unger, 
and Mr. Hungerford. Need and Needs are both 
found in Philadelphia. 

I have no reason to doubt that Messrs. Mellow, 
Haisy (1665), Mooney, Slewman, Dreyer, Drinker, 
Bibber, Brimmer, Spiller, Mead, Beers, Bere, 



22 opposite surnames contrasted. 

Ales (1685), Goodale, Alesworth, Wines, Goodwine 
(1658), Potwine, Hockey, Negus, Ginn, Porter, 
Popp, Punch, Siders, Kilcup, Mugridge, Phillpot, 
Fillmore, Treat, Twohy, Revill, Revell, and Rum- 
rill are as strictly temperate as Mr. Drinkwater, and 
as regular in their habits as Mr. Clock (L. 384, f. 1); 
or that Messrs. Chew, Cram, Fullam, Mess, Goble, 
and Gobble are as moderate eaters as Mr. Fastin. 
Mr. Gready was a graduate of Yale in 1842. James 
T. Morsel is Associate Judge of the District of 
Columbia, 1856. George B. Dieter is Consul for 
Venezuela at New Orleans. Mr. Diety and Mr. 
Fast live in Montreal ; Mr. Fare, at Quebec ; 
Mr. Feast, at Wellington Square, C.W. ; Mr. Chewit, 
at Sandwich, C.W. Twenty-four families of Chew 
are found in Philadelphia ; also Messrs. Fill, Fillins, 
Fillman, Ifill. Lewis Gormandy, of Detroit, ap- 
propriated to himself what did not belong to him, 
August, 1857. J. F. Coolbroth lives in Portland, 
Me. Messrs. Colfish and Colflesh (i.e., Coldflsh 
and Coldflesh), Mr. Chowder and Mr. Gravy, are 
found in Philadelphia ; and both Mr. Faster and Mr. 
Feaster. A Mr. Feaster also lives at Altona, C.W. ; 
and another was wounded in a late riot at Baltimore. 
Mr. Chew Van Bibber, of that city, subscribed for 
Agassiz' work. Mr. Gobels lives at Bridgeport, 
Conn. ; Mr. Dainty at Pittsfield, and also at Phila- 
delphia. The families of Dining and Eatwell did 
not emigrate to this country. Mr. Woodfork, how- 



OPPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED. 23 

ever, is found in our Directory. Messrs. Forke and 
Forker live in New York ; and Messrs. Forcum 
and Forker, in Philadelphia. In the New-York 
Directory are also found Mr. Dainty, and Messrs. 
Crum, Crumb, and Crummy ; Messrs. Gready and 
Grede ; eleven families of Munch ; Mr. Larder, Mr. 
Meatman, Mr. Meels, and Messrs. Filling and Spill- 
ing. Mr. Fasting, of that city, is a grocer. Our 
Mr. Spooner seems to stand by himself between the 
eaters and drinkers. 

Mr. Rap is not a medium, nor is Mr. Tippin 
(L. 365). A Mr. Tipping appears in our Colony 
Records, 1676; and Thomas Tipping lived in Eng- 
land in 1800. Both Mr. Raps and Mr. Tipper live 
in New York ; and Mr. Wallrapp, in Philadelphia. 
In the Newhaven Churchyard, England, is a monu- 
ment to Thomas Tipper, who died in 1785. Sears 
is supposed to mean " soothsayer," and to be 
identical with Sayer. Mr. Augur has a case now 
pending, which his opponent doubtless feels to be a 
bore : he is of an old family. A Mr. Augur appears 
in 1658; and Mr. Augurs received the notice of our 
forefathers in 1671. Both Sibel and Sibell are 
found in New York. Mr. Soldem has ventured to 
bring a suit. Our Messrs. Parson, Parsons, Shriever, 
Friar, Friary, Priest, Divine, Deacon, Creed 
Quaker, Church, Pray, and Revere are probably 
not more pious than our Mr. Pagan or Mr. Turk. 
Both Mr. Churchman and Mr. Mussalman live in 



24 



OrPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED. 



New York ; also Messrs. Bigot, Munk, and Nunns. 
Mr. K,osery lives at Lockport, C.W. ; Dr. Kirkbride, 
at Philadelphia ; also Messrs. Bigot, Bapst, and 
Musselman. Mr. Layman lives at Spring's Arbour. 
Mr. Layman, in 1857, committed a murder at the 
South, and will doubtless be hung without benefit 
of clergy. Mr. Praed, one of England's sweetest 
poets, has by no means confined his Muse to sacred 
themes. Dr. Verity lives at Haysville, C.W. An 
English clergyman, Rev. Arundel Verity, falsely 
and fraudulently converted to his own use funds 
designed for conversion of the heathen. Mr. New- 
gate (1651) was not an escaped convict; nor does it 
appear that Mr. Selman (1674) was a slaveholder. 
Mr. Mothersell lives at Kingston, C.W. No cleri- 
cal associations surround the name of Rev. William 
Youngblood, of New York. A Dr. Youngblood 
lives at Sandwich, C.W. Pleasant M. Mask, of 
Holly Springs, Miss., treacherously murdered a young 
lady in 1857. We have both the Bible and the 
Coran in our Directory. The Bible is nominally met 
with, both in New York and in Philadelphia. Mr. Pas- 
tor makes casks instead of converts, and can operate 
better upon hoops than upon heathens ; but, though 
our Pastor is a cooper, our Cooper was the best of 
pastors. William Pagan, Esq., subscribed for Chan- 
dos's maps. We have the name of Pfaff. Pfaffe 
is the German for " priest." 

I find a Mr. Tenant; and we have Wirth, the 



OPPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED. 25 

German for " landlord." Both Tenant and Tennent 
are found in Philadelphia. Mr. Charter and Mr. 
Cade, I hope, alike voted for Fremont. Mr. Derrick, 
Mr. Delvin, and Mr. Carty, are laborers. Our Lind 
and Mozart are not musical. Mr. Fluent and Mr. 
Flowry are not probably greater orators than 
Mr. Stuck, of St. Louis. Our Mr. Boniface is not a 
landlord. Our Marmion is a stone-cutter. Mr. 
Macbeth obtained sovereign power as Mayor of 
Charleston, S.C., in 1857; and Banquo keeps house 
in New York. I formerly knew a Mr. Dam, who 
intercepted other liquids than water. Mr. Bench, 
Mr. Mode, and Mr. Bodkin, are tailors. Mr. B. 
Coates was a tailor in Prince Street. Mr. Wax is 
not a cobbler, nor is Mr. Soles ; but Mr. Charles 
Carr drives a job-wagon, and Mr. Boss is a master- 
workman. Mr. Adorno is a varnisher in New York. 
Our Mr. Covert puts covers on books. Mr. Glass- 
brook has a most mirror-like name, and is a hair- 
dresser. We have Mr. Penn, Mr. Inker, and Mr. 
Standish ; but our Blott has been obliterated. 
Mr. Inkpen, Mr. Quill, and Mr. Smouch, remained in 
England. Mr. Spotts, however, was a passed midship- 
man in our navy in 1849. The old Romans had the 
name of Macula (" a spot ") ; and both Mr. Dabbs 
and Mr. Daub are found in the New-York Directory. 
Mr. Streek is a depositor in our Suffolk Savings 
Bank, 1858. 

Mr. Solace, of Bridport, Vt., is a lawyer. Mr. 



26 OPPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED. 

Grindall lives at Newburyport. Mr. Work, and 
Messrs. Sweat, Swett, and Swetting, represent cause 
and effect. Mr. Sweating (correctly spelt) lives at 
Providence. Mrs. Quick and Mr. Delay offset each 
other ; as do Mr. Long and Mr. Short, Messrs. Tank 
and Plugg, Messrs. Vent and Fawcett, Mrs. Standin 
and Mr. Faller, Mr. Rich and Mr. Poor, Messrs. 
Cumming, Comer, Comes (1677), Came, Goeth, and 
Going,* and Messrs. Byers and Sellers. Messrs. 
Waker, Wakeum, Wakum (L. 14, f. 383), Vigi- 
lante, Rouse, Rising, and Riser have their opposites 
in Messrs. Sleeper and Nappen,-)- and in Mr. Napp of 
New York. Among English writers, and also among 
the citizens of New York, there are more than one 
named Wake: and in New York I find Wakely, 
Wakes, and Wakeman ; two families of Watchhorn ; 
also Traum, the German for "dream." Wake's 
"Genuine Epistles of the Fathers" appears in the 
Harvard Catalogue of 1773. A Mr. Wake lives in 
Philadelphia ; and Mr. Wakeman, at Hamilton, C.W. 
Mr. Morphy is one of the champion chess-players of 
the United States. Mr. Bigg and Mr. Large, in 
name at least, outweigh Mr. Small and Mr. Little. 

England has its Wragg and Ragg. Mrs. Wragge 
was a subscriber to Jones's " Miscellanies." We have 
Raggens, Ragon, and Patch. A Mr. Wragg was a 
graduate of Harvard ; and a Miss Wragg, of South 

* Mr. Goings arrived here in a British steamer, November, 1867. 
t A Mr. Nappen is a clergyman at Ellsworth, Me. 



OPPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED. 27 

Carolina, lately married Dr. Toomer (Tumor'?). 
England has Bag; and we have Bagg, Bagworth, 
Baggerly, and Satchwell. One Mr. Bagg lives at 
Pitts field, and another is president of a paper com- 
pany. In Philadelphia are families of Bagg, Bagge, 
and Baggs. Mr. Sacks lives at Bradford, C.W. 
Both Parcells and Parsells are found in New 
York; Pearsells, at Philadelphia; and Parsill, at 
Belmore, C.W. Seventeen families of Paquet live 
in Montreal, and it is a common name in Quebec. 
Miss Hacker, of Salem, married Mr. Sharpless, of 
Philadelphia, several years ago. Mr. Clipp and Mr. 
Cropper both live in New York. Messrs. Wood and 
Rafters, housewrights, are partners in business, as are 
also Messrs. Millet and Bean. Messrs. Knott, 
Twist, Tyinge (1640), Tye, Tigh, Tighe, Messrs. 
Lemon and Peele, Messrs. Hammer and Tong, 
Messrs. Sower* and Tillet, Messrs. Bell and Ring, 
Messrs. Flint and Steel, Messrs. Rust, Mould, and 
Dust, Messrs. Slate and Chalk, Messrs. Beetle 
and Wedge (L. 59, f. 239), ought to be so. Mr. Ogg 
lives at Wellington Square, C.W. ; Mr. Magog, at 
Montreal. Both Mr. Gettings and Mr. Givings live 
at Kingston, C.W. A Mr. Raser is found in Philadel- 
phia. Sarah S. Raisor died unmarried (June, 1857). 
Richard Lathers still survives, and is President of 
the Great Western Insurance Company, of New York. 
Mr. Lathermore also lives in New York. The 

* In Philadelphia there is a firm of Sower and Barnes. 



28 OPPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED. 

firm of Shaves and Chisels are tool-manufacturers 
in Warren, Worcester County. In Portsmouth, N.H., 
there was for many years a firm of Neal and Pray. 
W. W. Marjoram made a deed to J. W. Pepper 
(L. 675, f. 31). Mr. Tiemann was elected Mayor of 
New York, 1857. A Judge of Probate in Alabama 
is named Tyus, and doubtless often ties the matrimo- 
nial knot. 

In 1828 there was a Sir Charles Lemon in 
Dublin, and there were English authors named 
Ringer (1734) and Knell (1660). Knell is found 
both in New York and in Philadelphia. Sir God- 
frey Kneller has a world-wide reputation. Mr. 
Bender is a porter. Cavendish is one of the great 
names of English science. Capt. Edward Cavendy, 
of the U. S. steamship " Washington," invented, in 
1857, a tripod for zenith observations. Mr. Arnold, 
and his victim, Mr. Andre, are still in close proximity 
among us. Mr. Ferrill has a good name for a 
schoolmaster, as have also Mr. Ruhler and Mr. 
Rodman. Mr. Birch lives at Lachute, C.E. ; and both 
Mr. Breakwill and Mr. Breecher, at Kingston, C.W. 
The admirable Chrichton is a living example to our 
community. Our Guy and Herriott have founded 
no hospitals. Neither our Benyon nor our Kenyon 
has the celebrity of Lord Kenyon. Our Porteous has 
never been mobbed (L. 626). Our Defoe will never 
write a new " Robinson Crusoe." Our Gilpin has not 
performed any equestrian feats. Mr. Gulliver has 



OPPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED. 29 

ceased from his travels, and is at home with us.* 
Old Grimes is not dead : he lives in New York. 
Van winkle and Vanwinkler have only removed to 
Philadelphia. Mr. Iagoe lives in Hamilton, C.W. 
Mr. Shandy (not Tristram) lives in Quebec. Mrs. 
Grundy is a housekeeper in Boston, and " Mrs. Par- 
tington " is familiar to us as a nom de plume. Mr. 
Partington is a living reality in New York. Our 
Mr. Cottle is named Jonathan (not Amos). The 
English astrologer was Mr. Lilly : ours is Mr. Lister. 
We had, in old times, a Mr. Biss : we have now Mr. 
Hiss. Both Mr. Bis and Mr. Biss still live in Phila- 
delphia. Mrs. Jenny Cozier lives in a very snug 
tenement. Mr. Wiffe died in 1638; and yet the 
practice of smoking was never more prevalent. Mr. 
Pipe lives at Kingston, C.W. 

Mr. Landsee, of New York, has compassed sea 
and land to make one name. In England, there exist 
single names made up of opposites ; as Gocum, Fair- 
foul, Bindloose, Onslow (a family which uses the 
appropriate Latin motto of Festina lente). Mr. Less- 
more appears in our Directory of 1857. Rev. Mr. 

* In 1720 is recorded a deed of Jonathan Gulliver and wife (L. 34, f. 218). 
Just after the anonymous publication of " Gulliver's Travels," Pope, who, with one 
or two other friends, was alone in the secret of the authorship, writes to Swift in Ireland, 
under date of March 23, 1727-8, " I send you a very odd thing, — a paper printed in 
Boston, in New England, wherein you will find a real person, a member of their 
parliament (?), of the name of Jonathan Gulliver," &c. Swift, under date of 
May 10, thanks him for this newspaper, and adds, " And I remember Mr. Fortescue 
sent you an account 'from the assizes of one Lemuel Gulliver, who had a case there, 
and lost it on his ill reputation of being a liar," &c. Scott alludes, in a note, to this 
last as a " coincidence almost incredible." 



30 OPPOSITE SURNAMES CONTRASTED. 

Banslow is a clergyman at Georgia, Vt. Mr. Fea- 
therstone, of Philadelphia, failed in 1857. Mr. 
Lightstone lives in New York; also Mr. Water- 
stone. Mrs. Waitstill Trott, buried in our Granary 
Burying-ground, is an instance of the like discrepancy 
between Christian and surname ; as is also Mr. "Water- 
man Colman. The familiar name of Noyes is a 
contradiction in terms. Mr. Ducklow, on the con- 
trary, has a name of which the two parts are in the 
strictest harmony ; and Miss Anguish Crackbone, of 
Cape Cod, has, in this respect, reason to be entirely 
satisfied. Mr. Weinbeer, of New York, represents a 
compound more pleasing to the ear than to the tongue. 
The name of THALBERG,sthe distinguished pianist, 
means, in German, " valley-mountain." Mr. Burg- 
thal lives in Philadelphia. Feuerbach (" fire- 
river ") — i. e., " a stream of fire " — is one of the 
distinguished names of the century. 



31 



CHAPTER V. 

PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 

There is probably more intimacy in name than in 
fact between Messrs. Hook, Staple, and Staples, and 
between Messrs. Locke, Key, and Keyes. " Jeanne 
d'Arc " was printed by Triphook, in London, in 
1824; and Mr. Hooks, of Tennessee, subscribed for 
Agassiz' work. In thinking of Mr. Wing and Mr. 
Bill, we are reminded that we have also Messrs. 
Finn, Finney, Phinney, and Gill. Miss Pinion, 
in 1648, as appears by our Colony Records, escaped 
from the meshes of the law ; and Miss Woodfin, of 
Marblehead, was married in 1857. Messrs. Drane, 
Drain, Suares, Trench, Moat, Sunks, Foss, Pitts, 
Hole, Fall, Faller, and Falls belong to the same 
family. We have also Chute, the French for " fall." 
In New York are found the names of Faller, Fall- 
man, Fallon, Falls, Sink, and Sinke. Mr. Drainey 
lives at Edwardsburg, C.W. ; Mr. Fallman, at Hamil- 
ton, C.W. ; also Mr. Fallbright and Mr. Sink, at 
Philadelphia. A Mr. Hole published a work in 
London in 1797. Hole's "Liturgy" I have never 



32 PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 

seen. Both Mr. Fell and Mr. Down are in the 
Directory of 1835. A Mr. Richard Fell lived in 
Bolton, England, in 1821. My washerwoman is Mrs. 
Bowlinwater, — perhaps a corruption of Boiling- 
water. Mr. Landfear, a graduate of Yale, is pro- 
bably not opposed to investments in real estate. 
Messrs. Dulles and Fyler may both be found in the 
catalogue of that institution. Messrs. Batt and Ball 
doubtless played together on the Common. The late 
able editor of the " Boston Courier " (Mr. Kettell) 
had as an associate Mr. Frye. Mr. Kittle appears 
as a grantor in L. 107. Mr. Caner, though his name 
sounds rather pugilistic, was a clergyman. Mr. Clinch 
and Mr. Lynch were also ministers of the gospel, at 
South Boston. Thomas Maule, of Salem, was a 
Quaker. The late Mr. Crackbon was an amiable, 
quiet citizen. One of the hymns in Greenwood's 
collection is written by Butcher, another by Toplady. 
Rev. Dr. Gannett, though named for a very stupid 
bird, has vastly more intellect than his predecessor, 
Rev. John Morehead. Our Boott is not yet worn 
out. 

We have a John Quincy Adams Bolster, — a 
name which happily unites the glorious and the use- 
ful. Gen. Pillow was one of the heroes of the 
Mexican war. Congress — that place for long yarns 
— has a Mr. Spinner for one of its members. Mr. 
Yarn all himself was in our navy in 1849. Just 
now, there are probably more Bolters in fact than in 



PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 33 

name. Mr. Stocks appears in our Directory for 1857. 
Mr. Brander and Mr. Crackstone are probably 
descended from an officer and a victim of the criminal 
law. Joseph Pickstone, Esq., subscribed for Chau- 
chard's maps. In New York are found families of 
Hang, Hangland, and Hangs. Steinschneider's 
(or "stonecutter's") "Jewish Literature" was pub- 
lished in London in 1857. Among the business- 
signs in Boston are those of " Henry Hyde — Boots 
and Shoes ; " " Eben E. Fowler — Bird and Cage 
Depot ; " and J. P. Draper advertises superior shirts, 
collars, &c. 

Among Miss Jones's subscribers, I find Mr. Bow- 
dry, Mr. Drax, Mr. Daddo, Rev. Mr. Dipple, Rev. 
Mr. Degg, Rev. Mr. Darch, Rev. Mr. Fowel, Mrs. 
Godschall, Mr. Gashry, Miss Gyde, Mr. Jubb, 
Mr. John Glubb, Mrs. Nab. Gubbins, Mrs. Gataker, 
Mrs. Holbrow, Miss Hindmarsh, Mr. Hewgoe, Mr. 
Hibbs, Mrs. Jagger, Mr. Lovibond, Rev. Mr. Mence, 
Mrs. Nares, Mrs. Niblett, Dr. Pardo (Principal of 
Jesus College), Mrs. Prall, Mr. Pypon, Miss Prat- 
veil, Mr. Pead, Miss Pysing, Rev. Mr. Pyle, Mr. 
Pering, Mr. Pargiter, Mrs. Questead, Miss Rain- 
storp, Mr. Spiltimber, Mrs. Spinckes, Miss Sturt, 
Rev. Mr. Twynihoe, Mr. Twiner, Mrs. Treacher, 
four named Vanhattem, Rev. Mr. Vatas, Mr. Wight- 
wicr, four named Worgan, Mr. Watters, Mr. Witt- 
noon, Mrs. WlTTEWRONG, &C. 

5 



34 PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 

There is a Miss Silverheels in Boston : she 
signed as witness to a deed recorded in 1857. Mr. 
Silvertooth lives in Philadelphia. Mr. A. S. Scruggs 
is a subscriber to a Boston journal. Among the 
Harvard graduates are the names of Gushee, Quash, 
Sluman, Shissler, Frick, and Blight; and Yale 
matches these by her names of Brodnax, Chalker, 
Darken, Craw, Diggins, Sproat, Sprowl, Swope, 
Pumpelly, Munger, and Uricoechea. A Mr. Shouse, 
at the South, choused his creditors by forgeries, in 
July, 1857. Both Blight and Bleight are found 
in Philadelphia. Rev. Mr. Sprole once officiated at 
West Point. Mr. Switchell lives in Weybridge, Vt. 
Dr. Twitchell was an eminent surgeon in New 
Hampshire. Salem has residents named Smothers 
and Scriggins. Young Quattlebaum was a graduate 
of West Point in 1857 ; and Mr. Swisher became 
A.M. at Brown University in the same year. The 
State Auditor of Texas is named Swisher. Messrs. 
Quakenbush and Quakenbosh, as also Messrs. 
Brash, Broach, and Bubb, live in New York. Mr. 
Huckaby is one of the prosecuting attorneys of Indi- 
ana. Mr. Grush lives in Brookline, Mass. ; and Mr. 
Shunk was a midshipman in our navy in 1849. 
Mr. Quackenbush, of Albany ; Mr. Smull, of Balti- 
more ; Mr. Crudup, of North Carolina ; Mr. Crackett, 
of Nashville, Tenn. ; and Mr. Sloat, of San Francisco, 
— all subscribed for Agassiz' work. Mr. Mishler 
is a West-Point cadet (1857). 



PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 35 

Some names are immortalized by a distich ; thus : — 

" There was longitude missed on 
By good Mr. Whiston, 
And not better hit on 
By Humphrey Ditton," &c. 

We have Whiston, Ditson, Dutton, &c. Humphrey 
Ditton 's work on the resurrection is recommended to 
the Harvard students in the catalogue of 1773, where 
also Hasselquist's " Travels " are (doubtless with 
equal reason) commended to the like favor. Mr. Trip- 
lett is probably descended from an ancestor who was 
one of three at a birth. Mr. Whitehead is, perhaps, 
a young man : his namesake, the late Mr. Hoar, was 
venerable alike for age and character. Mr. Hore, in 
the Directory of 1841, adopts a new spelling. We 
have Cain, Cane (L. 96, f. 175), and Kane. The 
latter name belongs to the nation. A Mr. Cane lives 
at Hardwick, Mass. Pontius Pilate has a representa- 
tive in Mr. Pilatte ; and even Nero has a namesake 
among us, Herrode is found in Philadelphia. One 
Mr. Hayman died in 1806, and others still live among 
us. The letter " y," though it does not vary the pro- 
nunciation, is yet decidedly an advantageous addition 
to this name. It appears, however, in the unmiti- 
gated form of Ham an, in the Colony Records of 1660. 
In 1781, there was an English writer named Rack; 
and, in 1761, another named Toll. Capt. Toll and 
Miss Toll subscribed for Jones's " Miscellanies." 
Mr. Tolefree was graduated at Yale in 1828. Mr. 



36 



PECULrAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 



Tole was a colonist in 1640; and Mr. Toll appears 
in our Directory of 1857. In the New-York Direc- 
tory, I find Mr. Toal ; also Mr. Zoll (the German 
for "toll") and Mr. Rack. Mr. Tolls lives at 
Newburg, C.W. 

Mr. H alpine probably came from Switzerland vid 
London. The ancient family of Clamp it is, after two 
centuries, still extant among us in the wife of a well- 
known artist. Five families of Clampitt live in Phi- 
ladelphia ; and Mr. Clampett lives in London, C.W. 
John Earthy settled among us in 1674. In 1790, 
there was an English author named Smellie. Our 
Essence is a black man : Mr. Savory and Mr. Otto, 
however, are white. Among our recent marriages 
are those of Mr. Lavender and Miss Garlick. Mr. 
Garlic lives at Toronto, C.W. One of England's 
belles in the last century was " the beautiful Molly 
Lepel."* Miss Lebel lives at St. Thomas, C.E. Mrs. 
Plato is a black woman. The noble house of Nassau 
has its representative in a hairdresser. Mr. Bruns- 
wick dealt in furniture. Mr. Hanover is a clerk ; 
and Mr. Lorrain, a housewright. Tudor holds its 
own. Titus has namesakes among us. Mr. Priam, of 
New York, is a waiter. Among the Messrs. As ay, 
of Philadelphia, not one is connected with the mint. 
Julius C^sar was knighted, and became Master of 
the Rolls, in England, a hundred and twenty-five 
years ago ; but our C^sar is only a hairdresser. 

* Mary Lepel, who married Lord Hekvey. 






PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 37 

Columbus himself is a shoemaker in New York, as is 
also our own Menzikoff. Our Bruce* and Wallace 
are not heroes. Br am ah is a citizen of Kingston, 
C.W. William Pitt once lived in North Square. 
Our Homer, Pindar, Tasso, Milton, Dryden, and 
Byron, and our Tate and Brady, have no poetic 
aspirations. Mr. Dante is a laborer at London, C.W. 
Messrs. Juvenal, Boileau, Voltaire, and Thackara, 
of Philadelphia, are not known in the literary world. 
Our Tully and Curran are not orators, nor is our 
Cadmus a literary man. Mr. Virgil, of New York, is 
an expressman. Mr. Sophocles, however, is an instruc- 
tor in our university ; and there was lately a Professor 
Tully at Yale College. Our Beede will not proba- 
bly be known to posterity as " the venerable." Our 
Davie, though not a philosopher, was a baronet. We 
have a Mr. Plato (1857). Judge Cato, of Kan- 
sas, hardly rivals his ancient namesake, or justifies 
his own Christian name of Sterling G. (" sterling 
gold " ?). 

Mr. Bogy, the banker, of St. Louis, found him- 
self in an insecure position in September, 1857 ; 
and even Mr. Rockhill, of Philadelphia, yielded to 
the pressure of the times. The two firms of Bottom 
and Co., of New Jersey, also got to the bottom of their 
resources at the same period. Mr. Gotham probably 
never saw New York. Messrs. Goldstone, of Co- 



* Immortal Bruce, however, was a guest at the New- York Hotel, in New 
York, February, 1858. 



38 PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 

bourg and of Toronto, C.W., and Mr. Nogget (1684), 
did not come from California. Mr. Harlem is out of 
his latitude. George Loyall, of Norfolk, being a 
navy agent, is doubtless a good patriot. Mr. Kings- 
land, of New York, did not become a refugee at the 
Revolution. Mr. Carland's estate is not well situated 
for a railroad depot. Mr. Chatel, of Ottawa, C.W., 
is not a slave; nor was Mr. Kilmaster, of Port 
Rowen, C.W. Mr. Schrouder, of Portsmouth, C.W., 
is not an undertaker. 'Mr. Hopkirk, of Kingston, 
C.W., is not a Shaker ; nor are the Haram families, 
of Quebec, Mormons. 

Rev. Mr. Facer, of St. Thomas, C.W. ; Rev. Mr. 
Fear, of Vroomantown, C.W. ; Rev. Mr. Feather- 
stone Ostler, of Ancaster, C.W. ; Rev. Mr. Plow- 
man, of Ayr, C.W. ; Rev. Mr. Oats, of Thamesford, 
C.W. ; Rev. Mr. Tapp, of Cobourg, C.W. ; Rev. Mr. 
Fawcet, of Consecon, C.W.', Rev. Mr. Lees, of An- 
caster, C.W. ; Rev. Mr. Gravel, of La Prairie, C.E. ; 
Rev. Mr. Stalker, of Inverness, C.W. ; Rev. Mr. 
Olscamps, of St. Stanislas de Batiscan, C.E., — form a 
group of clergymen of rather anomalous names. On 
the other hand, Rev. Mr. Service reads the Methodist- 
Episcopal service at Lynden, C.W. ; and Rev. Mr. 
Rally, of Haysville, C.W., manifestly belongs to the 
church militant. Mr. Lappe, of New Hamburg, C.W., 
is a shoemaker; Miss Vest, of Toronto, C.W., a 
dressmaker ; Mr. Vizard, of Peterborough, C.W., an 
attorney; and Mr. Supple, of Pembroke, C.W., a 



PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 39 

member of the Provincial Parliament (1857). Messrs. 
Caryeth, of Port Hope, C.W., and Mr. Gash, of 
Dunville, C.E., are butchers. Mrs. Lone is a widow, 
at Oriqois, C.E. Mrs. Cinnamon, of Kingston, C.W., 
keeps a grocery. The Messrs. Broadwater, of Phi- 
ladelphia, are fishermen. Mr. Brick, of that city, is 
a mason ; and Mr. Cartman, a laborer. Mr. Brick- 
layer, of Montreal, is a laborer ; Mr. Rumble, of 
Clinton, C.W., a wagon-maker; and Mr. Saddler, 
of Adelaide, C.W., a harness-maker. Mr. Builder, of 
Caledonia, C.W., is merely a cabinet-maker. Mr. 
Spurgeon, of Toronto, C.W., takes care of soles, 
not of souls ; and Mr. Hatter, of Ottawa, C.W., is a 
shoemaker. Mrs. Bloomy is a schoolmistress at St. 
Zepherine, C.E., — an employment decidedly unfavor- 
able to the complexion. 

The Paddy . family, though specifically extinct, is 
still the largest in Boston. We have the names of 
Frail and Parramore. Mr. Hake arrived here in a 
Cunard steamer, November, 1857. Many a Hussey 
may be met with. Leman s , Harridans, and Trulls * 
abound ; and Wantons have disappeared from among 
us only in name. Harlots, however, are not found 
here, though they are in London. Among the unfortu- 
nate passengers of the " Central America " (1857) was 
one named Fallen ; and Mr. Frailey w^as a lieutenant 



* A wealthy citizen of this name, in 1857, offered a donation to the city for 
the purpose of devoting a piece of land to public uses, under the name of 
u Trull Square." 



40 PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 

in our navy in 1849. Both Frailey and Fraily are 
found in New York ; and, in Philadelphia, I find 
Fallen, Paramore, Parremore, with no less than 
eight families of Frailey, and sixteen families of 
Fraley. Mr. Letcher, of Virginia, is a member 
of Congress. Rutter is a common name with us ; 
and there are twenty-one families of that name in 
Philadelphia. Rev. Samuel Rutter, D.D., was a 
former Bishop of Sodor and Man. A libel is pending 
in our United-States District Court against Mr. Rapes. 
Mr. Rape is a subscriber to one of our religious jour- 
nals. Among German naturalists is found Mr. 
Pander (1818). Well, indeed, may the poet ex- 
claim, — 

" Not to mention many a vulgar name, 
That would make a doorplate blush for shame, 
If doorplates were not so brazen ! " 

Some foreign names, if domesticated among us, 
would be deemed absolutely inadmissible in good 
society. Thus : " Col. Magnus Puke, Chief of the 
Navy Office, and the last representative of one of 
the oldest families in Sweden," died at Stockholm, 
of cholera, in September, 1857. We have Mr. Devine 
and Mr. Wonder. Mr. Wunders lives in Hartford, 
Conn. ; Mr. Marvel, at Rehoboth. The English 
Marvell was the wittiest man of his day. It is 
needless to add, that we have families of Guess. Mr. 
Gess lives in Philadelphia. We have also Whytall, 
Whittley, Cutting, and Whittle. Both Whittle 



PECULIAR SURNAMES GROUPED TOGETHER. 41 

and Wittle are found in New York. I do not find 
the name of Swap ; but Rev. C. E. Swope (a name 
before alluded to, p. 34) was Rector of Grace Church, 
Chicago, in 1850 ; and twenty-two families of the 
name live in Philadelphia. 



42 



CHAPTER VI. 

PECULIAR SURNAMES, CONTINUED. — GOOSE, &c. 

The late European belligerents ought to have 
employed as umpire our fellow-citizen, Mr. Royal 
Makepeace. Mr. Jobs lived in New York, — a name, 
in the plural, rather suggestive of city contracts. Our 
Mr. Job is a family man, and probably owns railroad 
stock. Messrs. Tittle, Blank, and Cyfer have 
insignificant names. Mr. Blankman and Mr. Aught, 
and Messrs. Cypher and Cyphers, live in New 
York. At Philadelphia I find families of Blanck, 
Blank, and Blankman, two families of Dito, and six 
families of Null. Mr. Tittell lives at Preston, C.W. ; 
Mr. Ought, at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Tweedle, at 
Glen William, C.W. Mr. Farless was sued in 
1857. Mr. Mear made a deed in December, 1856. 
More is very common. Mr. Most appears in the 
Directory of 1857; and another Mr. Most lives at 
Hartford, Conn. Mr. Overmore was admitted a free- 
man in 1671 ; and Mr. Climax himself lives in New 
York. Mr. Very and Mr. Welcombe (L. 17, f. 10) 
appear extremely cordial ; while, on the other hand, 
Messrs. Nay, Nott, Nevers, Nerey, Naromore, 



PECULIAR SURNAMES, CONTINUED. 43 

Den io, and Miss Repell, seem quite the reverse. 
Mr. Denyer lives at Toronto, C.W. Mr. Woodnot 
was present during the last days of the English poet 
Herbert. Willing is found here; and it is one of 
the first families in Philadelphia. In New York are 
found the names of Doolady, Duduit, and Ducom, — 
all implying a pressing request. Mr. Winder, a 
passed midshipman; and Mr. Toler, a midshipman 
in our navy in 1849, — have each an insinuating 
name. Mr. Joins was a sailmaker in the navy ; and 
Mr. Shock was in the engineer corps at the same 
time. That important little word " no " is repre- 
sented in the New- York Directory by eight families 
of Noe. Chillingworth was an eminent English 
divine of the seventeenth century. Mr. O. Very lives 
at Chesterfield, N.H. ; and Mr. Loth, at Bridgeport, 
Conn. Mr. Passavow is probably a decided charac- 
ter, as is also Mr. Eid (German for " oath "). Dr. 
Physic was one of the most eminent physicians of 
Philadelphia. In the list of subscribers to Pope's 
Homer, I find the name of Dr. Pellet ; a name which 
also occurs among the graduates of Yale. Rev. Dr. 
Kirk is one of the most distinguished clergymen of 
Boston, as was the late Dr. Kirkland. Our Sha- 
drach is a blacksmith. Alexander Garden was a 
distinguished Scotch botanist of the last century. 
Thomas P. Broker, of New York, is a member of 
that virtuous fraternity. Mr. Cars, of that city, is a 
carman ; and Mr. Carty, a driver. Among the late 



44 PECULIAR SURNAMES, CONTINUED. 

failures in the Manchester trade is announced the 
name of James Cheetham. One of the greatest 
judges of England was named Law ; and Mr. Dun- 
ning has been seldom surpassed at the bar. Mr. 
Delight, of Lawrence, cures baldness ; and his name 
suits his trade to a hair. Mr. Newberth, of New 
Britain, Conn. ; Mr. Newbegin, of Ellsworth, Me. ; 
and our Mr. Newman, — have probably names of a 
Puritanic origin. Mr. Amend, of New York, has 
a more modest name of the same class. 

Many of our names have an undue share of con- 
sonants, as Berstck, Bertsch, &c. Nitzsch was a 
German naturalist. In others the vowels predomi- 
nate, as in Keyou. We have one name without any 
vowel (Mr. Vghl) ; and I find, in Philadelphia, the 
name of Shnpf, — each as embarrassing to the vocal 
organs as some which occur in a late poem. In New 
York I find Sminck. Of a very mean and contempti- 
ble person, we say that he is a perfect Peter Smink. 
About the year 1800, there was a veritable personage 
of this name ; of whose character, however, I know 
nothing. He was, by occupation, a bottle-washer. 
Peter Smink .is one of the characters in a play of 
John Howard Payne. 

There are many fools still to be found, and some- 
times even in the first society ; but the wealthy 
family of Goose has become extinct. It seems to 
have been always rather a distasteful name : hence 
their conveyances were sometimes made with an 



PECULIAR SURNAMES, CONTINUED. 45 

alias, — " Goose, alias Yergoose ; " and generally 
they sank the Goose altogether. Some of the most 
valuable estates in Boston were held by this family 
for several generations. Isaac Vergoose, in 1768, 
conveyed to Jonathan Amory a tract of land on 
Washington Street, at the entrance of Temple Place. 
The deed was recorded in one of the two missing 
volumes (L. 114, f. 26), and I got it recorded again 
in 1832 (L. 360, f. 199). Peter Vergoose, the 
ancestor, owned as early as 1662, and died in 1667. 
His son Isaac died in 1711 ; and, in 1734, a division 
was made of his numerous estates (L. 50, f. 220). 
One of his daughters was Elizabeth, wife of Thomas 
Fleet, the printer, and mother of Thomas and John 
Fleet, also printers of note. Howe's Pasture, on 
Bedford Street, through which Eowe Street was laid 
out, and which measured three hundred and one feet 
on Essex Street, is derived from the devisees of Isaac 
Vergoose. The Essex-street Church and the Powe- 
street Church are thus traced back to a humble 
origin. A Mr. Goos still lives at New London, 
Conn. 

The analogous English names of Gander, Goat, 
Blunder, Folly, Trash, Mote, Chaff, and Nill are 
not found with us. The firm of G. W. Folley and Co., 
of Rochester, N.Y., as might have been anticipated, 
failed in 1857. Flatman's poems were published in 
1686. Nihell's "Treatise on the Pulse" appeared 
in 1744. Dr. Nihell subscribed for Chauchard's 



46 PECULIAR SURNAMES, CONTINUED. 

maps. We also have, in our Directory, Dr. Nihill. 
A Mr. Nill lives in New York, and another in Phila- 
delphia. Noddell on " Christ's Crucifixion " was 
published in 1715. East Boston was, for a century 
and a half, known as Noddle's Island. Ody wrote 
in 1817. In England we find Goose, Greengoose, 
and Gosling. Among the subscribers to Thomson's 
" Seasons " are Mrs. Gostling, also Mr. Enser (per- 
haps derived from anser, the Latin for " goose " ) ; and 
on the subscription list of the " Macklin Bible " is 
George Gostling, Esq. Mr. Anser appears in our 
Directory for 1857. Mr. Greengoose took the oath 
of fidelity to our government in 1674. Hon. David 
Sears informs me that a Mr. Wild goose was largely 
concerned in navigation at New Providence about 
twenty-five years ago. In New York I find Gandar 
and Gander ; also Gans, the German for " goose ; " 
and one solitary Goose, with several Goslings. One 
Gosling appears in our Directory for 1857. 



47 



CHAPTER VII. 

NAMES FROM HEATHEN DEITIES, &c; HEAVEN AND HELL, &c; 
MAN, AND PARTS OF A MAN. 

The heathen deities, Odin, Backus (said to be " bake- 
house "), and Mars, dwell with us. Rev. Mr. Mars 
is a clergyman in Worcester. The goddess Flora 
keeps house in Boston. An edition of Pallas's 
" Travels " appeared in 1812. We have also the name 
of Gott (the German for "God"); and the diminu- 
tive, Goddy. In New York there are no less than 
thirteen families of Christ, including a firm of Spies, 
Christ,* and Company. A Dr. Christ lives in Lon- 
don, C.W. Mr. Christman was lost in the " Central 
America" (1857). We have with us Christe (Pro- 
bate Records, 1731), Christian, Christy, Christen, 
Chraister, Gilchrist, Goddard (" Godward "), God- 
bold, &c. ; also the angel Gabriel. William God- 
win was a well-known essayist ; and John D. 



* L. If. Sargent, Esq., writes to me, Feb. 13, 1857 : " When I was in Vera Cruz, 
some years ago, I boarded in a family in which some Spaniards, male and female, 
also boarded ; and I met them first at dinner. I was quite amazed by the words, 
' Jesus, shall I help you to more soup ? ' addressed by one of these gentlemen 
to his friend opposite. Presently, ' Miss Jesus, a little of the,' &c." 



48 NAMES FROM HEATHEN DEITIES. 

Godman, an American author, died in 1830. In Phi- 
ladelphia are six families of Godshall ; also a Mr. 
Christian Godt. A tutor at Harvard has a Christian 
name compounded both of the evangelists and the 
apostles, — Evangelinus Apostolides Sophocles. 

In England there are families of Saint, Apos- 
tles, Christmas, Martyr, &c. A short time since, 
a man fell in with three young girls in Boston, who 
robbed him : he gave his name as Thomas Saint. I 
have doubts, however, as to this saint among sinners ; 
since, not long ago, some rowdies gave to the court, 
as their own, the names of our most distinguished 
Unitarian clergymen, and were fined accordingly. 
Mr. Selig (i. e., German for " blessed ") deals in caps. 
Mr. Hevendeer lives at Woodstock, Vt. We have 
Angel (what a misnomer for a lawyer ! unless de- 
rived from the coin, when it becomes appropriate), 
Bogle (a spectre), Geist (the German for " spirit "), 
Soule, Fay, and Mabb; also Warloch. We have 
also Engal and Engels, from the German for 
" angel." Mr. Engelman, of St. Louis, subscribed 
for Agassiz' work. Mr. Puck lives in New York. 
Mr. Wand, of that city, deals in spirits. Our Mr. 
Paradise did not venture on the Eden of matrimony 
without making a marriage settlement, duly recorded 
(L. 653, f. 284). We have also Soll (the Latin 
for " sun "), Mond (the German for " moon "), Moon, 
Moone, Starr, Starrs, and Star. Mr. Solis pre- 
fers the genitive case. Another Mr. Moon lives at 



NAMES FROM HEAVEN AND HELL. 49 

Coventry, R.I. We have also Cloud. The Attorney- 
General of Iowa is named Cloud; and six Clouds 
live in Philadelphia. Mr. Cloudman lives at Levant, 
Me. I find but one Sky. Sky, indeed, has been 
extensively used up in ending off names in Poland. 
Skey lives in Philadelphia. Elsewhere there are 
families of Heaven, Devil, and Hell. Maximilian 
Hell appears in the biographical dictionaries as a 
distinguished astronomer of Hungary, born in 1720. 
In the New-York Directory are ten families of Hell- 
man. Mr. Helhouse was an English author in 
1819. Mr. Myhell lives at Beauville, C.W. Among 
the graduates of Yale are three named Dibble. 
Mr. Dibble lives at Brookfield, Conn., and also in 
Philadelphia; Mr. Teufel (German for "devil"), at 
Bridgeport ; and this last is common in New York. 
Indeed, our name of Holl is, I believe ? pronounced 
as if spelt with an e. And we have Deuell, Diehl, 
Devlin, and Debell. Himmel (German for " hea- 
ven ") was a well-known German composer. Eden 
is the name of a distinguished English family. Both 
Eden and Edenborn are found in Philadelphia. 
Mr. Jupiter lives at Waterbury, Conn. ; Mr. Jove, in 
New York ; Mr. Soul, at Lagrange, Me. Mr. Plan- 
nett is found in our Directory, and sells beer. Mr. 
Planert lives in New York ; Mr. Comet, in Mon- 
treal. 

Columbus discovered a world ; and so have I. Mr. 
World lives at Orillia, C.W. 

7 



50 NAMES FROM MAN, AND PARTS OF A MAN. 

Man is represented by families of Man, Mann, 
Freeman, Freeborn, Tasker, Freedman, Vassall, 
Prentice, Prentiss, Bond, Ladd, Child, Page, &c. 
Boies is probably a " wood." Mrs. Boycot subscribed 
for Miss Jones's book, as did also Mr. Lads. The 
" Lives of the Scottish Poets " was printed by Boys, 
London, 1821. Mr. Jipp (" a small boy ") lives in New 
York; also Mr. Laddy and Mr. Ladly. Messrs. 
Boy, Boye, and Boys, and Mr. Master, are found 
in Philadelphia. Free's Poems were published in 
1757. A Mr. Free lives at Saco, Me. ; Mr. Freer, 
at New York; Mr. Thrall, at Rutfield, Vt. ; Mr. 
Freed, at Deerfield, N.H. ; and Mr. Masterman, at 
Weld, Me. Mr. Cerf lives in New York. On the 
other hand, Mr. Liberty has a home in London, C.W. ; 
and Mr. Bindless, at Hamilton, C.W. 

The parts of a man may be seen in families of 
Head, Knodle, Munns, Cheekly (1659), Eayres, 
Hair, Beard, Beardmore, Dent (" a tooth "), Gum, 
Bossom or Bosom, Chestly (1655), Sides (L. 674), 
Whitesides, Handyside, Kidney, Livermore, Arms, 
Armstrong, Hand, Dexter (i. e., " right hand "), 
Tuffnayle (1629), Nagel, Nagle (German for 
"nail"), Silvern ail, Knies, Kneeland, Weissbein 
(German for "white leg"), Legg, Foot, Foote, Schank, 
Heely, and the name, before alluded to, of Silver- 
heels. Several families of Finger appear in the 
Directory of 1857. Administration on the estate of 
one William Finger was granted in 1854. Mr. 



NAMES FROM PARTS OF A MAN. 51 

Shank was, in 1857, Secretary in the Attorney-Gene- 
ral's office at Washington. Mr. Alfoot was dis- 
armed by a Colony order of 1637. Mr. Leg made his 
appearance in 1638. Miss Neck is first assistant in 
a private school in Brookline (1857); thus occupy- 
ing her appropriate position immediately under the 
head of the establishment. Mr. Skull was defaulted 
in our Municipal Court, October, 1857. The ankle, 
that most interesting part of the female figure, has, I 
believe, no representative here or elsewhere. Mr. 
Haupt (the German for "head"), of Philadelphia, 
subscribed for Agassiz' work. In New York are found 
families of Pate, Brain, Braine, Eye, Cheeks, Lipps, 
Chin, Chinn, Gumb, Gumbs, Maw, Mun, Munn, Nose, 
Hair, Haire, and Wisker ; also Shoulder, Shoul- 
ders, Back, Side, Waist, Lapp, Lung, Papps, Tette, 
Tettey, Teats, Thum, Thumm, Knee, Shank, Shanks, 
Shin, &c. 

The very peculiar name of Waterhair is found in 
L. 98, f. 180. Tozer is probably not derived from 
Toe. Mr. Toewater is Dutch consul at St. Louis. 
There is, elsewhere, a family of Belly ; and we have 
Venter (the Latin for " belly "). Mr. Felix Belly 
was sent to this country as special French minister to 
settle the South- American question, November, 1857. 
Mr. Magnus Ventress formerly lived at South 
Boston. Mr. Gaultrapp, in September, 1857, found 
one willing to become Mrs. Gaultrapp. Mr. Tung 
lives at Naugatuck, Conn. ; and Mr. Tongue, at 



52 ' NAMES FROM PARTS OF A MAN. 

East Cambridge; Mr. Back, at Granville, Vt.; Mr. 
Shanks, at Orono, Me. B. It. Chinn was wounded 
at W. Baton Rouge, June, 1857. There are, in Eng- 
land, families of Skull, Brains, Pate, Face, Eye, 
Cheeke, Lipp, Tooth, Teeth, Chin, Allchin, Neck, 
Shoulder, Back, Body, Bowels, Paunch, Inwards, 
Skin, Bone, Kneebone, Side, Hip, Heele, Shin, and 
Toe. Mrs. Brain recovered a thousand pounds, in 
England, for a husband killed on a railroad in 1857. 
Engravings have been published from pictures in the 
possession of G. T. Braine, Esq., 1853. Daniel L. 
Braine was a midshipman in our navy in 1849. Mrs. 
Cheeke, of Lincoln-Inn Fields, was one of Miss 
Jones's subscribers ; as was also William Pate, Esq. 
A Mr. Dent was graduated at Yale. The Catalogue 
of Dent's Library was published in 1827. Mr. Foot- 
head was an instructor of youth, highly esteemed 
by Burke. Charles Eyes, Esq., lived at Liverpool ; 
Miss Bone, at Hackney ; and George Beardsworth, 
at Manchester, in 1821. Sir John Cheke was an 
author in 1641 ; and Mr. Mawe, in 1797. I find, in 
1800, the name of Chinnery. Among the graduates 
of Harvard is Mr. Leib (the German for " body "). 
In the " Progresses of Queen Elizabeth," I meet the 
name of Boddye ; and Boddy is a common name in 
New York. Among the subscribers to the " Odyssey " 
are both Mr. Lippe and Mr. Gumley. There are 
eighteen families of Scull in Philadelphia. Mr. 
Heart is one of the editors of the " Charleston Mer- 



NAMES FROM PARTS OF A MAN. 53 

cury." Sir Thomas F. Buxton relates, that in Italy 
he had as fellow-travellers Capt. Back and Mr. Sil- 

VERTOP. 

A Mr. Boddy lives at Toronto, and also at Bondhead, 
C.W. ; Mr. Lapp, at Cedar Grove, C.W. Mr. Bowell 
is a man of note at Belleville, C.W. Mr. Back lives 
at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Hipson, at Kingston, C.W. ; 
Mr. Bones, at Milton, C.W. ; Mr. Hands, at Gode- 
rich, C.W. ; Mr. Handright, at Gould, C.E. Two 
specimens of the unique name of Nuckle are found 
at Isle Bizard, C.E. Mr. Nail lives at Centreville, 
C.W. Shanks is very common at Belleville, C.W. 
Mr. Maw is domiciled both at Beauharnois and at 
Georgetown, C.W. ; Mr. Munns, at Kingston, C.W. ; 
Mr. Lipp, at Preston, C.W. ; Mr. Gumma, at Ayr, 
C.W. Mr. Papps lives at Hamilton, C.W. 

In Philadelphia there are seven families of Wolfin- 
ger, Mr. Vinger (i.e., "finger"); Messrs. Thum, 
Thumm ; Mr. Forehand, and eleven families of Fore- 
paugh ; Mr. Elbow, Mr. Nees, and nineteen families 
of Shinn ; seven families of Bumm ; Messrs. Side and 
Sides ; Mr. Brow, Mr. Eargood, Mr. Eayre, Mr. Ey, 
Mr. Godlip, Messrs. Lipp, Lippe, Lipps, arid Lips ; 
Mr. Pate; Mr. Pallat and Mr. Pallet; also the 
very peculiar names of Ringlet and Tress. 



54 



CHAPTER VIII. 

MALE FEMALE NAMES. - NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 

The sexes are confused in the names of Mr. Maddam, 
Mr. Bloomer, Mr. Phillis, Mr. Cornelia, Mr. Allice 
and Mr. Allis (1679), Mr. Annis, Mr. Cate, Mr. 
Hagar, Mr. Isbell, Mr. Pattee, Mr. Pegge, Mr. 
Hannah, Mr. Hannahs, Mr. Ellen (1664), Mr. El- 
lens (1665), Mr. Libby, Mr. Beckey, Mr. Lucy, Mr. 
Lucey, Mr. Maggi, Mr. Elsie (1672), Mr. Marian 
(1654), Mr. Maud, Mr. Mercy (L. 40, f. 263), Mr. 
Nell, Mr. Nance, Mr. Rachel, Mr. Ruth* Mr. 
Rooth, Mr. Jenney, Mr. Bessie, Mr. Shea, Mr. Leddy, 
Mr. Liddy, Mr. Liset, Mr. Leuise (1684), Mr. 
Nunn, Mr. Dame, Mr. Virgin, Mr. Bride (L. 507, 
f. 144), Mr. Widdows, Mr. Maress (mayoress), and 
Miss Monks. Mr. Virgo (Latin for " virgin ") appears 
in our Directory for 1857. Mr. Eve is mentioned in 
the Boston newspapers, September, L857 ; but is not 
a dealer in fruit. Mr. Hester was a midshipman in 
1849. Mr. John Augusta lives in New York, where 
are also found Mr. Dolly, Mr. Cara, Mr. Jane, Mr. 
Honnora, Mr. Frances, Mr. Leah, Mr. Sues, Mr. 

* We have also Mrs. Boaze. 



'MALE FEMALE NAMES. 55 

Lady, Mr. Lissa, Mr. Livey, Mr. Mall, Mr. Moll, 
Mr. Mollison, Mr. Mollman, Mr. Megson, Mrs. 
Male, Mrs. Males, Mr. Shee, Mr. Sally, and Mrs. 
Billy. Mr. Hattie is a medical student at Harvard. 
I find in our Directory John Molly. Mr. Manus 
Sally was admitted a freeman, 1647. Mr. Lydea 
is in the Directory of 1835. Mr. Maggy is buried 
in the Granary Burying-ground. Mr. Henrietta 
lives at Norwalk, Conn. ; Mr. Dolley, at Yarmouth, 
Me. In Lib. 162, f. 227, L. 188, f. 253, are deeds 
from Mary Polley and Jenny Polly. We have 
also Polleys. Betsey Bessee made a deed (L. 442, 
f. 243). Mr. Bess, of Dayton, O., failed in August, 
1857. France had her Sue. Rev. Thomas Madge is 
a Unitarian clergyman in America. New York has 
its Tallmadge. Rev. Mr. Jane subscribed for Mrs. 
Jones's book. Both Mr. Jayne and Mr. Harriott 
are graduates of Yale. Master Betty is a well- 
known theatrical personage. This name seems rather 
to belong to those derived from mental qualities. 
Mr. Debby died in 1801. Mr. Weibrecht (or " wo- 
man's rights ") made a deed (L. 710, f. 254). Mr. 
Shewill was a colonist in 1653. At Canterbury 
Cathedral, England, is a monument to Lieut.-Col. 
William Prude, killed July 12, 1632. Mariana 
ranks high among Spanish historians. Hon. Justice 
Hellen, of Dublin, was a subscriber to the Macklin 
Bible. There was, in 1676, an English writer named 
Sall. Pegge's "Anonymiana" appeared in 1809. 



56 MALE FEMALE NAMES. 

There have also been publications by Mr. Shee and 
by Mr. Shebbeare. Mrs. Hemans is an English 
classic. Hem an is found in New York. We have a 
Mrs. Heaman. Mr. Crone, of Aurora, 111., failed 
in 1857. Mr. Queen, of the marine corps in 1849, 
was doubtless a good republican. This name is also 
found in New York. " The lovely Thais " is also 
represented there. Mr. Wimen, of that city, seems to 
embody the whole sex. On the other hand, the dis- 
tinguished English astronomer, Dr. Ma skyline, seems 
to abjure them altogether. 

Mr. Hester resides at New Orleans. Mr. Sukey 
lives at Cobourg, C.W. ; Mr. Susand, at Berlin, C.W. ; 
Mr. Bridgit, at Oneida, C.W. ; Mr. Norah, at Kings- 
ton, C.W. ; Mr. Bettys, at Florence, C.W. We have 
a Mr. Goody at Quebec, and also at Beaverston, 
C.W. ; Mr. Crone, at Newmarket, C.W. ; and Mr. 
Postress, at Montreal. A Mr. Widder dwells at 
Goclerich, C.W., and another at Toronto. Sam Wel- 
ler w T ould be afraid to reside in Philadelphia, as it 
contains families both of Widdoes and Widdow. In 
that city I also find Mr. Ada, Mr. Alice, Mr. Ama- 
zella, Mr. Anne, Mr. Austis, Mr. Ella, Mr. Eva ; 
two families of Dorothy ; also Mr. Countiss, Mr. 
Virgo, and Mr. Miss. 

One name unites the masculine and the neuter, — 
Mr. Hickock (hic-hoc). Mr. Manlover, lost in the 
"Central America" (1857), had a name especially 
appropriate to the female sex. A name applicable to 



NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 57 

the whole human race is borne by Mr. Z. R. Pang- 
born, a delegate from Massachusetts to the late 
Philadelphia Convention. This name is that of a 
place on the river Thames, of which an engraved view 
is given by Boydell. Mr. Someborn, of Philadelphia, 
may feel assured that somebody was his father. 
In 1698, there was a London publisher named Man- 
ship. One name among us seems to imply a doubt of 
its own identity : in L. 182, f. 173, is a deed to a Mr. 
Otherman ; probably, however, a mistake for Othe- 
man. Mr. Alter (the Latin for " other ") was 
graduated at Yale ; and this is a common name in 
Philadelphia. Mr. Knotmy (not me) appears in the 
Directory for 1857. A Mr. Notman lives at Dundas, 
C.W. ; and another, at Montreal. 

Mental qualities or states have given us ( many 
names. Messrs. Prime, Good,* Goode, Better, Best, 
Longworth, Langworthy, Goodman, Goodfellow, 
Goodenough or Goodnow, Twogood (1640), Buon- 
core (i. e., " good heart "), Merritt, Duty, Virtue, 
Candor, Eight (1642),Worthman (1680), and Worth 
probably all had their failings. Mr. Demeritt bears 
an excellent reputation. Mr. Pattern was men- 
tioned in the newspapers of January, 1858. Miss 
Betterman bettered her situation by matrimony in 
October, 1857. Our Gen. Worth was buried in New 
York, November, 1857. Mr. Scattergood lives at 



* Mr. and Mrs. Good, of Roxbury, in October, 1857, were before the Police 
Court. 



58 NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 

Brown's Mills, N.J. (1857). Mr. Bonnemot (or 
" good word ") lives in Dedham. Miss Goodheart, 
of Philadelphia, is just married. Mr. Hartwell, Mr. 
D'Honneur, and Mr. Heyliger (heilig is the German 
for " holy "), were graduated at Yale. In New York 
are families of Just, Justus, Justerer, &c. Just and 
Co. is an English firm. Mr. Evilly appears in our 
Colony Records, 1673; and a Mr. Evily lives in 
New York. Margaret Dignum (Latin neuter for 
" worthy ") died in 1856. Rosa Bonheur is a distin- 
guished painter of animals. Our Mr. Ehrlich is the 
German for " honorable ; " and Adle is probably 
" noble." Mr. Frank lives at Greenfield, Mass. ; and 
Mr. Worthy, at Springfield ; Mr. L'Homedieu, at 
Nantucket; and Mr. Priestly, at Chicopee. Mr. 
Chasty lives in New York; as do also Mr. Faithy 
and Mr. Fairly, Mr. Moral, Mr. Model, and Mr. 
Leal ; Mr. Lyke, Mr. Melius (Latin neuter for " bet- 
ter "), and Mr. Rarer. There are English families 
of Toogood, Peerless, and Perfect. Dr. Priestley 
was eminent in the walks of science. Mr. Thorogood, 
of Cambridge, was married, July, 1857. Mr. Tho- 
rowgood was an English author in 1652 ; and 
Michael Towgood's work on dissent from the church 
of England appears on the Harvard Catalogue of 
1773; as does also "Wildman on Bees." Mr. Vir- 
tue is a distinguished London publisher. Probus 
(" good ") and Pietas (" piety ") were Roman names. 
Mrs. Trollope is a writer of celebrity. Miss Jenny 



NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 59 

Trollope subscribed for Jones's " Miscellanies." 
Our Mr. Goodrich has a name most happily com- 
pounded ; and Aylwin means " beloved of all." The 
treatise on German names by Wiarda gives to Al- 
win the meaning of " victorious." Mr. Wellbeloved 
was an English writer in 1809. Thirteen popes have 
taken the name of Innocent. 

Both Goodman and Goodchild are found at 
Oshawa, C.W. ; Messrs. Goodbody, Goodfellow, and 
Goodheart, at Kingston, C.W. Mr. Purely lives 
at Cobourg, C.W. ; and Mr. Felon, at Montreal. 
Mr. Proper lives at Henningford, C.E. ; Mr. Mod- 
hull, at Kilworth, C.W. Both Mr. Perfect and 
Mr. Phalen live at Yorkville, C.W. ; Messrs. Sans- 
regret and Sanschagrin, at Quebec; and Mr. 
Malenfant (" bad boy "), at St. Arsene, C.E. Mr. 
Sinfoot lives at Stanley's Mills, C.W. ; and I find 
at Goderich, C.W., Mr. Sinfield. It would almost 
seem, so intimate is the connection between crime and 
intemperance, that Gingrass (a very common name 
in Canada) must be an offshoot from this last 
family. 

In Philadelphia I find the classic name of Candi- 
dus ; also Perfect, Rightly, and Shamely ; and 
twenty-one families of Scattergood. 

Synge's works were printed by Thomas Trye 
in the year 1740. Mr. Manage lives at New 
Bedford. Our Messrs. Cleverly, Clear, Smart, 
Wise, Wiseman, Wisdom, Witt, Whitty, Witman 



60 names from mental qualities. 

(1680), Tallant, Keener, Force, Sage, Knower 
(1632), and Doer form a group that is balanced by 
Mr. Greenman (L. 608), and Messrs. Cilley, Silley, 
Sileman, Simple, Bubey, Dulley, Strange, Quier, 
Oddy, Droll, Fudger, Prigge, Gammon, Shallow, 
Gull (1673), Fallow, Flatman (1645), Skimmer, 
Doolittle, Dowlettell, Smallpiece (1718), All- 
wood, Smallwood, Wooden, and Woodhead. Mr. 
Brickhed appears as an early colonist; as does also 
Mr. Boreman (1657). Mr. Dowdell is a member of 
Congress (1857). In the Directory of 1835 are the 
names of Dolt, Lumex, Mean. Mr. Flatly arrived 
here from Liverpool, November, 1857. Mr. J. Flatt, 
of Benicia, Cal., subscribed for Agassiz' work. Mr. 
Doldt was married in Boston, August, 1857; and 
Mr. Smallcorn made a deed (L. 492, f. 48). Mr. 
Dummkopf (German for " blockhead "), of Williams- 
burg, N.Y., hid his money in his chimney (October, 
1857), and lost it. Mr. Wiser lives at Auburn; 
also at Philadelphia. Mr. Able lives at Memphis, 
Tenn. ; and another Mr. Wooden, at Salisbury, Conn. 
Messrs. True, Trueman, Truman, Trueworthy, 
Standfast, Allman, Holman, Manley, Ernest, 
Frank, Dare (1674), Bold, and Kuhn (i.e. "bold") 
are matched by Messrs. Guily, Guil, Guile (1642), 
Wiley, Wily (1640), Masker (1671), Sharp, Sly, 
Slyman, Foxcraft (1683), Kraft* Gummer, Cra- 
ven, Leys, Roulstone, Crumbley, Dowdell, Funk, 

* Kraft is German for " strength." 



NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 61 

and Funke. Funk, who died in 1814, was author of 
several popular German school-books. There is also 
a Professor Funke at Leipsic. 

Belyed is a common name at Bronte, C.W. Mr. 
Hardgraft lives at Cobourg, C.W. ; also Mr. Stickle. 
Mr. Nudle resides at Dunbar, C.W. ; Mr. Dulmage, 
at Amherst Island, C.W. ; Mr. Lighthead, at Acton, 
C.W. ; Mr. Flater, at Blenheim, C.W. ; both Mr. 
Simple and Mr. Smart, at London, C.W. ; Mr. Long- 
head, at Hawkerville, C.W. ; Mr. Flatt, at Hamilton, 
C.W. ; Mr. Lockhead, at Jarvis, C.W. Rev. Mr. 
Greener is settled at Kemptville, C.W. There is a 
Capt. Shallow at St. Gregoire, C.E. Mr. Greeny 
lives at Toronto, C.W. Lazier is a common name in 
Canada, at Lonsdale, C.W., &c. A Mr. Wile lives at 
Port Elgin, C.W. ; Mr. Fickel, at Richmond, C.W. ; 
and Mr. Milsop (i. e., " milksop "), at Woodbourne, 
C.W. 

In Philadelphia are families of Witcraft and With- 
craft, Able, Skill, Skillman, Clever ; and, on the 
other hand, fourteen families of Dull, four of 
Dullard, and one of Dulley ; also Flatley, Flum, 
Quear, Triter, Simple, Simpler, Lippman, Lipman, 
four families of Twaddell, two of Twaddle, three of 
Funck, seventeen of Funk, and one of Pfonk. 

In the New- York Directory are found Mr. Clear- 
man and Mr. Droll, Mr. Cherly and Mr. Civill, 
Mr. Danderman and Mr. Cordial, Mr. Deplore and 
Messrs. Calm and Content, Mr. Constant and Mr. 



62 NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 

Desire, Messrs. Craze, Queqe, Daft, and Donke 
(probably a word of two syllables), Mr. Happy and 
Messrs. Fash and Karker, Messrs. Ledman and Islip 
and Messrs. Guide and Guider, Mr. Likely and Mr. 
Racey, Mr. Trier and Mr. Trew. Three families of 
Wisdom, twenty-one of Wise, and one Wisehead, are 
also found there; also Witcraft and Whitcraft, 
Witts, Weiser, Weisheit (" wisdom "), Weiskopf 
(" white head "), Weisman, Weismann, and Mr. Wun- 
der. Professor Silliman, of Yale College, stands 
high among our men of science. This name is per- 
haps a corruption of Seligman (from selig, German 
for " blessed "). Eight families of this last name are 
found in New York ; and in Philadelphia I find both 
Silliman and Sillyman, and two families of Sense- 
man. Miss Knower made a deed (L. 206, f. 10). 
Green's " Extracts " was printed by J. Raw, in Eng- 
land, 1810. One Strangeways was connected with 
Perkin Warbeck. L'Estrange was a voluminous 
writer. We have Wunderlich (the German for 
" strange "). In Philadelphia are eight families of 
Wunderly, and eighteen families of Wunder. 

The word " spooney " is a slang phrase for simple- 
ton : we have Sponier. Ideler was a distinguished 
German scholar, born 1766. Le Sage was the immor- 
tal author of " Gil Bias." England has its Cardinal 
Wiseman. Mr. Dowdy became a freeman in 1645. 
Mr. Bohrer was in our navy in 1849. Brutus (the 
distinguished Roman) means " dull," " stupid." New 



NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 63 

York has its families of Bette, Bettie, Betty, and 
Betyeman, Muddle, Noodle, and Rily, Proudfit 
and Proudfoot. Hon. Joseph Henry Lumpkin, 
LL.D., is Chief Justice of Georgia. Robert Fibbin 
arrived in this country in 1634. Alice, wife of John 
Cheater, of Newbury, cheated her husband, and was 
whipped (1654); and Mr. and Mrs. Cheater were 
passengers in a Cunard steamer, September, 1857. 
Col. Faithful was wounded before Delhi in 1857. 

Mr. Pert lives in Sedgwick, Me. ; and another Mr. 
Pert is a lawyer in New York. A Mr. Peart lived 
at Salem, as did also Mr. Meek. Both Mr. Meek 
and Mr. Moses are in the Directory of 1835. Mr. 
Meekey lives in New York ; and Mr. Job Moses was 
witness in a case, in Western New York, in 1857. 
Rev. Mr. Meeker lives at Burlington, Vt. ; Mr. 
Crouch, at Swansey, N.H. ; Mr. Sceery, at Spring- 
field, Mass. Mr. Fears lives at Gloucester, Mass. ; 
and Mr. Dare, in New York. Members of the 
Craven family have been among England's most gal- 
lant sons. Mr. Bold, wife, and two children, were 
passengers in a late Cunard steamer. Bold is also a 
grantor in one of our early deeds, but signs " Bowles." 
Mr. Bolde was an English author in 1696, as was 
also Mr. Care. Col. Careless was the most gallant 
Cavalier at the battle of Worcester. We have 
both Pride and Procd in our Directory. Miss 
Proudfoot, of Montreal, was a belle at our watering- 
places in 1857 ; and that name is found in Massachu- 



64 NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 

setts. Mr. Proudman lives in Peoria, 111. Topping 
and Co. failed at Toronto, October, 1857. Miss Anna 
Bulley died in 1824. At St. Saviour's Church, Lon- 
don, is a monument to Richard Humble, alderman, 
born 1552. Thomas Bragg is Governor of North 
Carolina (1856). 

Zeal is a name still found in England. We have 
Wunsch, the German for " wish," Mr. Wishman lives 
in Philadelphia. Families of Earnest, Agen, and 
Agin, are found in Philadelphia. Mr. Langtry lives at 
Creemore Mills, C.W. Mr. Ingo, of Toronto, — a name 
equivalent to " push," — is, perhaps, a Yankee emi- 
grant. Mr. Proudlock, of Canada, took out a patent 
in 1844. In Philadelphia I find five families of 
Frowert, three of Proud, and one of Dare. Mr. 
Nack lives in New York. Capt. Joseph Skyll was 
dismissed in 1676 ; and it was ordered that " some 
other meet person be appointed in his room." 

Mr. Sapp is a member of Congress ; and that 
~~ u name is found in Philadelphia. Mr. Gump's store, 
at Appalachicola, was lately inundated; and other 
Gumps are found in New York and Philadel- 
phia. An English hostler, named Dupe, was the 
victim of an accident, in 1857, occasioned by a rat. 
We have Cull, an obsolete word, meaning " dupe." 
Mr. Flat lives at New Haven ; and Mr. Flatly, in 
New York. Barrat and Pratt both mean " cun- 
ning." England has families of Lye, Lyer, Ulier, 
and Slye. Rev. Mr. Lye was one of Miss Jones's 



NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 65 

subscribers. A former President of the Academy at 
Antwerp was Mr. Wappers. Mr. Lips ay lives in 
New York. Lye's " Method of Instructing " was 
published in 1662; and the late New-Haven mur- 
derer was named Sly. That name is also found 
in New York. Messrs. Sligo and Slyoff both 
live in Philadelphia, as do Messrs. Shirkey and 
Shurkey. Mr. Sherk lives at Stevensville, C.W. 
A Mr. Shirkey also lives at Winchester, C.W. 
Michael S. Shirk, of Lancaster, Pa., was lately a 
candidate for the office of presidential elector on 
the Union ticket. Mr. Snigg,. Mr. Sniggler, Mr. 
Patter, Mr. Sherk, Mr. Sherker, and Mr. Shuffler, 
all live in New York ; as do also Messrs. Wolper, 
Wolpper, and Wolpers. Mrs. Turning sailed from 
that city in the month of December, 1857. Mr. 
Cool lives in Sudbury, Vt. ; also at Montreal ; and 
Mr. Weatherhead, at Brattleborough, Vt. Our Mr. 
Weatherhead made a deed (L. 65, f. 108). Mr. 
Stringfellow is most unfavorably known in connec- 
tion with the late Kansas outrages. 

Fourteen families of Begin live in Pictou, C.W. 
Six families of Forget live in Montreal ; and it is a 
common name elsewhere in Canada. Three families 
of Memory live at Toronto, C.W. 

Messrs. Gay, Gayman, Merry, Merryman, Hart- 
well, Courteous (1653), Grigg, Bly, Blithe, 
Jolley, Gallant, Gaylord, Bright, Brightman, 
Hearty, Lively, Lovejoy, Gladden, Gladding, 



66 NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 

Willing (L. 238), Smiley, Bland, Kind, Clement, 
Germain, Sweet, Sweetlin, Sweetman, Sweetsir, 
Shugarman, Flattery, Honey, Hunniman, Honey- 
bun, Easeman, Pardon (1645), Mercy, Pittee, 
Pitty, and Pittey stand opposed to Messrs. Grave, 
Blunt, Crabbie, Cross, Crosby (" cross boy 1 ?") Cross- 
man, Cholar, Spleen, Backup, Snapp, Furey, Mader 
(1643), Pride, Grim, Grimm, Grout (1651), Savage, 
Moody, Daunt, Hector, Fuess, Grieves, Rue, 
Wail, Moan, Freake (1667), Freeke, Frizzle, Friz- 
zell, Tease, Row (1670), Bickers, Blamey, Croak, 
and Quirk. Mr. Honeywood is a graduate of Yale, 
as are also many named Merriman, and a Mr. Cantey. 
Mr. Bienvenu (" welcome ") is an officer of the mint 
at New Orleans. John Mercy, despairing of mercy, 
attempted suicide in the jail at Worcester, October, 
1857. 

Fuss's * " Roman Antiquities " was published at 
Oxford, 1840. Grinfield's " New Greek Testament " 
was printed in 1843. Miss Agnes P. Scowler, late 
of Glasgow, Scotland, was married at San Francisco, 
June 9, 1857. William Sadd, one . of Walker's 
" fillibusters," in becoming a sadder, has, it is to be 
hoped, become also a wiser man. Samuel Smiles has 
just published (1857) an admirable life of George 
Stephenson, — a work of serious interest. William 
Pester troubled our forefathers in 1638; and two 
families of Pester live in Philadelphia. Mr. Phese 

* Fuss is the German for " foot." 



NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 67 

was admitted a freeman in 1643. N. P. Trist was 
one of our public men during the war with Mexico. 
Mr. Eobert Dudgeon gratified the New-York public 
and himself by exhibiting a new street-locomotive in 
Broadway, in September, 1857. Several of that name 
are found in the New- York Directory. Ireton was a 
warrior and statesman in the time of the English 
Commonwealth. Nerli was a distinguished Floren- 
tine historian. Mr. Grout was a midshipman in 
1849. Thomas P. Gentle was party to a deed in 
Essex County. Gall and Aloe are both found 
in New York ; as are also Messrs. Anger, An German, 
Biteman, Bitter, Grim, Grimmer, Indig, Fury, 
Sour, Sulkie, Tease, Wixon ("vixen]"), Parter, 
Tear, Teary, Sadd, Grieve, Moan, and Mone ; as 
well as Messrs. Benigne, Jester, Gayer, Glad, 
Gladding, Griner, Flatter, Honey, Honeywell, 
Willing, Sweeten, Smiler, Smiles, Smylie. I 
find there also no less than thirteen families of 
Quirk. 

Mr. Gl adman lives at Lindsay, C.W. ; Mr. Mealey, 
at Oxford Mills, C.W. ; Messrs. Honeycomb and 
Honeyman, and Mr. Pardon, at Hamilton, C.W. ; 
Mr. Comfort, at Kilworth and at St. Ann's, C.W. 
Mr. Gentle and Mr. Grimman both live at Kingston, 
C.W. Rancour is a common name at Quebec ; where" 
lives also Rev. Mr. Plees. Mr. Angers lives at Point 
Levi, C.E. ; Mr. Anger, at Houghton Centre, C.W. ; 
Mr. Tart, at Boxton Falls, C.E. ; Mr. Stamp and Mr. 



68 NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 

Frizell, at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Balkwill, at Exeter, 
C.W. ; and Mr. Wileman, at Smithfield, C.W. 

In Philadelphia I find families of Wroth and Civil, 
Griner and Growlers, two families of Furey, seven 
of Fury, two of Grieves, Mr. Graver, Mr. Wagless, 
Mr. Tear, Mr. Mohn; also Mr. Lively and Mr. 
Mannywitch, Mr. Marter, Mr. Saurman, (" sour 
man "), Mr. Speight, Messrs. Sting, Stingal, and 
Stinger, and Messrs. Teas, Teasing, Teese, and 
Tees. Mr. Waggaman was a West-Point gra- 
duate. 

Mr. Serley lives at Bethel, Conn. ; Mr. Dares, at 
Compton, N.H. ; Mr. Lowrey, at Gorham, Me. ; Mr. 
Grumman, at Norwalk, Conn. ; Mr. Gruntal, at 
Portland, Me.; Mr. Croscup, at Beverly; Mr. Moen, 
at Worcester; and Mr. Gayer, at Ellington, Conn. 
Grumble's Ferry is found on the Colorado River, 
Texas. Messrs. Ould and Cross are the Commis- 
sioners to codify the laws of the District of Columbia. 
Mr. Lowry was a lieutenant in our navy in 1849. 
Perhaps the name of Winegar (see chap, xxx.) 
belongs here. A Mr. Wails is party to a deed in 
L. 109. We have Glum; and also Clum, perhaps a 
corruption of Glum. Mr. Fulsom* lives at Abing- 
ton ; a Mr. Softley, at Hamilton, C.W., and another 
at Toronto. The estates of James Softly and Thomas 



* Fulsom, or Folsom, is said to be a corruption of Foulsham, or Foulshame ; 
and the family claim to be descended from John Foulsham, who emigrated from 
a place of that name in England. 



NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 69 

Easy were recently administered npon in Suffolk 
County ; and one is still living, — Easy, — at least 
in name, at Robbinston, Me. Mr. Hard is a mem- 
ber of the Legislature, from Lowell. In the New-York 
Directory are eight families named Hard ; also the 
names of Harder, Harden, and Hardman. Messrs. 
Hardman and Wailer are subscribers to the Mack- 
lin Bible, as is also Mrs. Smart. In England are 
found the names of Fussey, Anguish, Sad, Moper, 
and Prigg. In Westminster Abbey is a monument 
to Sir John Puckering. Capt. Stoney's " Tasmania " 
was published in London. Mr. Grieve was one of 
the chief losers by the fire at Covent-Garden Theatre. 
Rev. Mr. Lambe, Mrs. Bland, and Mrs. Gale, are 
three consecutive names in Miss Jones's subscription- 
list. Mr. Rubb was lost in the " Central America " 
(1857). I have several volumes from the library of a 
Thomas Jolley, Esq. In New York are families of 
Jolley, Jollie, and Jolly.- In our Directory is the 
name of Teear. A Mr. Teare published a treatise 
on the use and abuse of tobacco. Mr. Tear lives at 
Woburn. An edition of Gray's "Elegy," published 
in 1854, in New York, has illustrations engraved by 
J. W. Whymper. Mr. Cark lives at Toronto, C.W. ; 
and Mr. Anguish, at Balmoral, C.W. Mr. Sye has 
been mentioned among Canadian names of three let- 
ters. Mr. Sader and Mr. Sobbe live in Philadelphia. 
Among the English painters of note is Mr. Smirke ; 
and Mr. Tickell was an author of repute in his day. 



70 NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 

We have also Canney, Canny, Canty, Gayetty. 
Rev. Mr. Rue is settled in Lee. Mr. Adam Cant, of 
Canada, took out a patent, in 1857, for a movable 
scaffold. There is, perhaps, too much of cant, in 
modern times as to dispensing with the scaffold alto- 
gether. Mr. Cantwell is a graduate of Harvard. 

Messrs. Hidden, Trodden, Crouch (L. 118, f. 32), 
Wilt, Worn, Meek, Coy, and Mumm have opponents 
in Messrs. Will, Bragg, Proudman, Rantem, Peeler, 
Shine, Shines, and Dashe. Mr. Dash, of New 
York, subscribed for Agassiz' work. Mr. Blush was 
a United-States bankrupt. Messrs. Meech, Meeker, 
and Hide are Yale graduates ; and we have Demuth 
(the German for "humility"). 

Mr. Tame lives at Cobourg, C.W. ; and Yielding 
is a common name in Canada, as at Toronto, &c. Mr. 
Humbly lives at Brandford, C.W. ; Mr. Patient, at 
Montreal ; Mr. Lordly, at Gait, C.W. ; Mr. Dash, 
at Lampton, C.W. Proudfoot is often met with in 
Canada, as at Hamilton, C.W., &c. Mr; Huddel 
lives at Montreal ; Mr. Stickle, at Stirling, C.W. 
We have the name of Cowing. Mr. Shier lives at 
Whitby, C.W. At Philadelphia are families of 
Brager, Daffy, and Crall. 

In England are families of Daffy, Faint, Giddy, 
Fears, Meeching, and Smitten. Lieut. W. H. Shover 
served in the Mexican war. Mr. Thruston was a 
West-Point graduate. Mr. H. B. Pushing, of Ply- 
mouth, Ind., was burnt out in March, 1857. Mr. 



NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 71 

Pushee lives in Boston. Serville's "Tracts" were 
published at Paris in 1839. Mr. Hartsinck sub- 
scribed for Chauchard's maps. Mr. Trembley was a 
distinguished naturalist of the last century. Mr. 
Tremble, Mr. Trimble, and Mr. Awe, live in New 
York. 

Strutt published a Dictionary of Engravers. Mr. 
Edward Strutt, of England, has recently been 
elevated to the peerage. Major-General Strutt 
was one of Chauchard's subscribers. Thomas Pa- 
tience exhausted the patience of our forefathers in 
1641. Mr. Pinor became a freeman of Northfield, 
1682. In L. 210 is a deed of William Mock. Messrs. 
Ready, Readdy, and Constant are fully offset by 
Messrs. Hender, Hinder, Slack, Dodge, and Lar- 
kin. Mr. Goodwill is more than a match for Messrs. 
Bicker, Haight, Hayt, Hayter, Huff, Blamey, 
Leaver, and Severance. Mr. Leave, Mr. Lurch, 
and Mr. Ha it, live in New York. In England we 
find Huffy. Messrs. Eager, Unruh (i. e., " restless "), 
Wakeman, Hasty, Brisk, Spry, Wild, and Wilder 
have rivals in Messrs. Heed, Loheed, Still, Stille, 
Stillman. P. Stiller, Esq., is one of Chauchard's 
subscribers. Mr. Stillings lives in New York. In 
Suffolk L. 680, f. 25, is a deed of Eliza Haste. 
Messrs. Mouseall or Mousall (1651), Moser, Worm- 
all, Wormwell, Pieper, Pepys (pronounced Peeps)* 

* Pepys's " Diary " gives us some most amusing peeps into the private life of 
England in the time of Charles II. and James II. 



72 names from mental qualities. 

Looker (1645), Harker, Harken, Harkin, Query, 
Askey, McQuestion, and Ferriter can find out what- 
ever they wish from Messrs. Sayer, Proser or Pros- 
ser, Speakman, Speaks (Speak died in 1804), Orall, 
Chater, Chatwell (1673), Chatman, Chatton, 
Claker, Telling, Converse, Tattler, and Gossip. 
Mr. Clack was graduated at Yale in 1847. A pupil 
at Groton Academy was named Tello. As long ak 
the world shall last, the tale of William Tell will 
be told. William Gossip, Esq., subscribed for Chau- 
chard's maps. Our Mr. Peter Pieper died in 1856. 
Dr. Tattle is a physician of Manchester, Vt. Mr. 
Gabb lives at Bloomfield, Conn. ; Mr. Mumbler, 
at Stoughton, Mass. Mr. Mumler is found in our 
Directory. Mr. Silence lives at Dubuque, Iowa. 
Say has written a text-book on political economy ; and 
Samuel Say's " Poems and Essays " appears on the 
Harvard Catalogue of 1773. Who was ever more 
sparing of his words than the great historian Tacitus ] 
(Latin for " silent "). Our Mr. Hearsay made a deed 
(L. 60, f. 82). Mr. Dum lives in New York; as 
do also Messrs. Gab and Chattin. I also find, in 
the Directory of that city, Mr. Tell, Mr. Teller, 
Mr. Wisegaber, Mr. Peek, and Mr. Noser ! 
Messrs. Hider, Leaker, and Secret live at Lon- 
don, C.W. Mumby is found at Port Robinson, 
C.W., and at Wilsonsburg, C.W. Three families of 
Gabler live at Montreal ; and Col. Muter, at Toronto. 
A Mr. Peer lives at Hamilton, C.W., and another at 



NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 73 

Philadelphia ; Mr. Utter, at Stewarttown, C.W. At 
Philadelphia I find families of Askings, Axt, Bable, 
Babler, Teller, Chatten, Chattin, and Gabb ; also 
three families of Dialogue, and Messrs. Shut and 
Shutever ; also Messrs. Peek and Peeker, and Mr. 
Hyder. 

Hawkins Street was formerly Tattle Street Say is 
a well-known English writer. Mr. Clear has his 
opposite in Messrs. Reilly and Riley. Dr. Doubt 
was a prompt, skilful physician. The English fami- 
lies of Bad, Evil, Base, Vice, Badman, Scamp, 
Blackmonster, Swell, Reckless, Careless, Idle, 
Trigg, and Tidy, I do not find among us; nor the 
names of Earwhisper, Reason, Conscience, Faith, 
Piety, Pluck, and Prudence. Mr. Coward, how- 
ever, recently resorted to the law in Suffolk County ; 
and Hon. David Outlaw, as a member of Congress 
in 1850, was a warm supporter of the compromise 
measures. Mr. Loskamp and Mr. Lye both reside in 
New York ; as do also Mr. Base, Mr. Fibs, Mr. Idler, 
Mr. Flash, Mr. Flashman, Mr. Folly, Mr. Larkey, 
Mr. Maudling, five families of Twaddle and Twad- 
dell, Mr. Sinn, Mr. Vice, Mr. Steal, and Mr. Robers, 
&c. : but, on the other hand, I find, in the same com- 
pany, Mr. Reason, Mr. Virtue, Mr. Vertue, Mr. 
Pluck, Mr. Trust, Mr. Weight, Mr. Value, &c. 

In Philadelphia I find thirteen families of Coward, 

two of Vice, Mr. Veiller, Messrs. Sinn and Sinley, 

Messrs. Idell, Idle, and Idler, three families of 

10 



74 NAMES FROM MENTAL QUALITIES. 

Rapine, four of Reaver, three of Stealin, Mr. Stohl, 
Mr. Fibe (" fib "), Mr. Liup, and three families of Lye, 
Mr. Cully, &c. ; and, on the other hand, I find fami- 
lies of Faith, Pluck, and Value, six families of 
Super, six of Trusty, and five of Virtue. 

In the Buffalo Directory for 1855 are families of 
Peckover, Peek, and Watchem ; of Kink, Workey, 
and Fix ; of Quell, Humble, and Doll ; of Bitterman, 
Prickle, and Kick; of Err, Wander, and Banish; 
of Paragon and Worst. In Peoria, 111., there are 
families of Shun and Sunken. 



75 



CHAPTER IX. 

NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 

Bodily peculiarities are shown in various names. 
Speed is a well-known English writer. One -Spry 
wrote in 1650; and another in 1817. Mr. Capers* 
lives at Levant, Me. ; and another, a classmate, in 
Charleston, S.C. Dr. Lightfoot was an English 
divine and author in 1684. Our Messrs. Ahlert, 
Brisk, Start (1677), Gallop, Galloupe, Sloper, 
Scudder, Trott, Trotter, Travell (1640), Shinner, 
Shinners, Trippet (L. 14, f. 228), Lightfoot, Speed, 
Stalker (L. 32), Goodspeed, Rush, Swift, Fleet, 
Kace, Rann, Haste, Hasten, Hasty, Stride, 
Strachm, Stretch, Treadwell, Jumper, Springer, 
Scipp, Skipper (1650), Walke (1683), Walkup, 
Walker, Hardon, Leggett, Eargo, and Leader 
distance Messrs. Ambler, Tripp, Trip, Trail, Hitch, 
Hitchings, Hitchens, Hitchcus, Hoppin, Hopping, 
Budge, Limpin, Laming, Wating (1684), Pace, Pil- 
grim, Wander, Lazier, Slocumb, Slocum, Sloman, 
Cumber (L. 101), Laggon, Waitt, Haulbach, Back- 
man, and IlYNDMAN.f 



* One of that name ingeniously avoids all comments while travelling, by havi 
his trunks marked K. P. R. S. 

t This name probably indicates one who had the care of hinds. 



76 NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 

Mr. Pass lives at Barrie, C.W. ; Mr. Shovon, at 
Cumber, C.W. ; Mr. Brisker, at Port Elgin, C.W. ; 
Mr. Lightfoot, at Kingston, C.W. Two families of 
Flight, also Messrs. Poston, Spry, and Speedy, are 
found at Toronto. Mr. Neer lives at Stanbridge, 
C.E. ; Mr. Overhalt, at Carlisle, C.W. ; Mr. Reste, 
at Montreal ; and both Rest and Restin, at Philadel- 
phia. At Quebec I find Mr. Fagg, and also eleven 
families of Tardy. Mr. Dalley lives at Harriston, 
C.W. ; and Mr. Poke, at Philadelphia. Mr. Summer- 
sett, of Barrie, C.W., has not adopted an improved 
mode of spelling. 

In Philadelphia I find also families of Lightfoot, 

LlGHTFEET, RUNNER, STREAKER, StEPP, TrAMP, 

Geton, Godown, Nigh; also Messrs. Slow, Slowe, 
Sloman, Stanback, Stayman, Islip, Tagg, and Stopp. 
One of the most distinguished of the present West- 
Point cadets (1857) is named Tardy. 

Mr. Hopper was a well-known American philan- 
thropist. One of the present judges of Maryland 
(1857) bears that name. Mr. Budge lives at Lee, 
Me. ; Mr. Stubbs, at Wellfleet ; Mr. Shove, at "Ox- 
bridge ; Mr. Toward, at Augusta, Me. ; and Mr. 
Presson, at Lynn. Frederick Jump, of Ashland, 
N.Y., failed in July, 1857. Dr. DeCamp was a gra- 
duate of Yale. In the New- York Directory I find 
nineteen families of Quick ; also Mr. Rusher, Mr. 
Racer, Mr. Start, Mr. Starter, Mr. Leap, Mr. 
Leaper, Mr. Stivers, Mr. Springman, Mr. Spry, 



NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 77 

Mr. Stalker, Mr. Stamper, Mr. Wran, Mr. Went, 
Mr. Passmore, Mr. Hopp, Mr. Hopps, Mr. Jerker, Mr. 
Stramm, Mr. Walk, Mr. Walke, Mr. Welstood, 
Mr. Ambleman, Mr. Stan back, Mr. Slow, Mr. Slowey, 
Mr. Hobbler, Mr. Klump, Mr. Fagg, Mr. Tag, Mr. 
Dally, Mr. Tarry, Mr. Rest, Mr. Stops. Mr. Fugit 
(Latin for " he flies "), the Kansas murderer, though 
acquitted, has been obliged to fly from the Territory. 
Boston has Snell (schnell is the German for " swift "). 
Mr. Rushout is a member of the British Parliament 
(1857). John Scipp, Esq., was an active magistrate 
in England in 1735. John and Nutcombe Quick, 
Esqs., subscribed for Miss Jones's book ; as did also 
Mr. Spry, and no less than five persons named Tra- 
vell, and two named Trottman. Mr. William 
Hurry lived in Liverpool in 1821. Nichols's u Pro- 
gresses " mentions a Mr. Stradling ; and there was a 
Sir Edward Stradling in the time of Charles I. 
Mr. Stradling lives in Philadelphia. Mr. Lurch 
was lost in the " Central America" (1857). Mr. 
Rushout was a subscriber to the " Odyssey." Sir 
J. Rushout lived a hundred years ago. Mr. Rush- 
out is a British M.P. (1857) ; and that name is found 
in Roxbury (1857). Mr. Climb lives at Selby, C.W. 
We have Climie. Mr. Clymer is a graduate of Har- 
vard. Mr. Clymer, of Philadelphia, signed the Decla- 
ration of Independence. Mr. Creeper lives at 
Hampton, C.W. Mr. Diver was a witness as to a 
late fire in North Street ; and that name is found in 



78 NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 

Philadelphia, as are also Divin and Stemmer. Mrs. 
Slider appears in our Directory for 1857 ; and 
Francis Flyer, in our Colony Records (1629). Mr. 
Flew lives in Philadelphia ; and Mr. Reising lives 
at Elmira, C.W. 

Mr. Puller is a member of Parliament (1857). 
Rev. George Tugwell published a work on sea- 
anemones, in London, 1857. Wrigley's "Mathema- 
tical Collection" appeared in London in 1845. Sir 
R. B. Crowder is one of the judges of the English 
Court of Common Pleas ; and in Illinois is a firm of 
C. J. Crowder and Co. Mr. Haule became a colonist 
here in 1638, as did Mr. Twitchwell in 1633, and Mr. 
Lug in 1647. Mr. Prest was admitted a freeman in 
1643. In the New- York Directory I find seven 
families of Stucke, Mr. Pulling and Mr. Pullman ; 
also both Mr. Tugwell and Mr. Tugnot. Mr. Tuggy 
lives at Montreal. 

Dr. Lardner yielded to the fascinations of Mrs. 
Heaviside ; but our Mr. Heavy was lawfully mar- 
ried a short time ago. We have Waddle, Wad- 
leigh, and Wadlin, but no representatives of the 
English family of Wiggles : we have, indeed, Wig- 
glesworth. In New York I find Wigel, seven 
families of Waddell, and one Wrigley ; and in 
Toronto, C.W., I find both Waddle and Waddell. 
At Winonville, C.W., I find Mr. Wigle; and, at 
Philadelphia, Mr. Wrigler and Mr. Rigler. Wi- 
gle is a common name at Albertville, C.W. In 



NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 79 

England there are also families of Gofirst, Go- 
lightly, Goes, Timeslow, Sudden, Slow, Later, 
Latter, and Last ; and the name of Timewell exists 
among us. Mr. Ferst and Mr. Lastley both live in 
New York. 

There are resident among us families of Strong, 
Armstrong, Hale, Littlehale, Harty, Hardy, Har- 
dier (1647), Coarser (L. 49, f. 93), Doubty, Doughty, 

DoUTY, BURLEY, BULKLEY, LARGE, GrEW, BlGG, MaN- 

sise (L. 330, f. 103), Gross, Grows, Gras (i.e., " fat "), 
Broad, Broadhead, Stout, Blowers, Blower (L. 45, 
f. 235), Puffer, and Bulger. Mr. Spread made a 
deed in L. 12, f. 74. John Large's estate was admi- 
nistered upon in 1852. Mr. Ironsydes appears in 
the Colony Records, 1629. We have Mr. Pent, in 
Dukes County; and Mr. Bustin lives at Watertown. 
Mr. Bigman lives at Cincinnati. Mr. Magnus 
(Latin for "large") is a New- York publisher (1857). 
Mr. Grow is a member of Congress. Mr. Growing 
lived in Salem, as also Mrs. Full. Mr. Boney lives 
in Manchester, N.H. ; Mr. Bloodgood, at Enfield, 
Conn. Mr. Skiney lives at Franklin, Vt. ; and there 
was an English author named Thicknesse in 1784. 
Crassus was one of the solid men of antiquity in 
name and estate, if not in person. 

We have also Messrs. Tallman, High, Hightman, 
Hoch (German for " high "), Long, Longfellow, 
Lang, Langmaid, Loomer, and Aery. Mr. Andrew 
Lofty, of Dudley, met with a fatal fall in August, 



80 NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 

1857. Mr. Sturdy is a machinist at Augusta, Me. ; 
and that name occurs in New York. I find a Mr. 
Talboys at Oxford in 1828 ; and Mr. Littlehead 
lives at Newry, Me. Mr. Longbrow is a Massachu- 
setts man. Mr. Height was a late passenger from 
England. Bradfute (*. £., " broad foot ") is a well- 
known Scotch name. Mr. Honeyfoot lives in New 
York. Mr. High lives at Northampton. Highmore 
was a painter of the last century. The Longmans 
are celebrated English publishers. Mr. Longman 
lives at Toronto, C.W. Professor Airy is an eminent 
English mathematician. Rev. Dr. Long, John 
Short, Esq., Mrs. Bigg, and Mrs. Airey, all subscribed 
for Miss Jones's " Miscellanies," as did three ladies 
named Panting. Gaspey's " History of England " 
was published in London, 1856. Mr. Spradlin, of 
Virginia, was murdered in 1857. In the New- York 
Directory I find Mr. Fatt, three specimens of Fatt- 
man, Mr. Grossman, Mr. Lumpp, Mr. Massman, Mr. 
Hearty, Mr. Jutt, Mr. Largy, Mr. Weightman, 
Mr. Bigger, Mr. Hyman, Mr. Hyer, Mr. Loomer, Mr. 
Longer, Mr. Longmore, and Mr. Strongman ; also 
Mr. Lankeman, Mr. Lean, Mr. Wanmaker, Mr. 
Wanner, Mr. Weekman, and Mr. Wiekman. Mr. 
Weightman lives at Philadelphia; also families of 
Wider and Widener. Wideman is found at Altona, 
C.W., and at Montreal ; Ampleman, at Quebec ; 
Largy, at Hamilton, C.W. Biggar and Bigger are 
common names in Canada, at Brantford, Portville, 



NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 81 

and London, C.W. Mr. Height lives at Kingston, 
C.W. ; Mr. Highman, *at Quebec ; Mr. Bare, at 
Edwardsburg, C.W. Both Mr. Bone and Mr. Bo- 
ney live at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Tuff and Mr. Har- 
den, at Quebec ; Mr. Tough, at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. 
Wanner, at Philadelphia ; Mr. Wanless, at Kings- 
ton, C.W. In Philadelphia I also find Mr. Weak, 
Mr. Weakley, Mr. Langer, Mr. Leathern and Mr. 
Leatherhead, and seven families of Doll. 

Dr. Ironside lives at Dunville, C.E. ; Mr. Light- 
body, at Douglas, C.W. ; Mr. Broadfoot, at Chat- 
ham, C.E. ; Mr. Steeper, at Cedar Grove, C.W. ; 
Mr. Upper, at Allansburg, C.W. ; Mr. Heavyeye, at 
Montreal. In the Directory of Buffalo, N.Y., for 
1855, are families of Bulk, Fattey, Flesh, and 
Wilt ; and in Peoria, 111., are families of PiNY and 
Meals. 

We have Messrs. Petty, Petit, Pettee, Pettibone, 
Small, Weeman, Wenige (wenig means " little "), 
Gaunt, Litleyman, Little, Littell, Spare (a very 
common name), Low ; also Light, Bassett (i. £., 
"low"), and Vaughan (i.e., "little"). One Small- 
piece was a minor under guardianship in 1798. 
Mr. Littler lives at Lowell ; Mr. Lesser, at 
Bridgeport, Conn. ; Mr. Shortman, at Woodbridge, 
Conn. ; Mr. Razee, at Providence. Mr. Lowman, 
of New York, subscribed for Agassiz' work. Mr. 
Lower was married in Boston, February, 1858 ; 

and I find, in the New-York Directory, Mr. Lytle t 

11 



82 NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 

Mr. Slight, Mr. Lower, Mr. Person ette (" a 
little person'?"), Mr. Lessen, Mr. Lesser, and Mr. 
Lest. Mr. Lower is the author of a well-known 
treatise on English Surnames, and Mr. Shorter is a 
member of Congress. There is also a tomb of a Mr. 
Shorter in the Granary Burying-ground. Lesser's 
" Theology of Insects " is a work of merit. Miss 
Smaller arrived here in a Cunard steamer, October, 
1857. One of the first Boston firms is made up of 
the stature and complexion of an old woman, — 
"Little and Brown." 

Mr. Smallman, of London, C.W., has a name natu- 
rally suggestive of mental endowments rather than 
of bodily stature. Mr. Shortall lives at Quebec. 
Messrs. Shorten, Shorter, and Shrivel are all found 
in Philadelphia. 

Rev. John Tottie subscribed for Jones's " Miscella- 
nies." Tottie's "Sermons" were published in 1775. 
In June, 1857, a suit was decided in Ohio against 
one Alfred Stunt. Sir Robert Walpole's first wife 
was a daughter of Sir John Shorter. Rev. Dr. 
Tauler's " Life and Sermons " were translated and 
published in London in 1857. Mr. Troplong (" too 
long") published a work on the "Civil Law," at 
Paris, in 1847. Lowman's " Hebrew Ritual " appears 
on the Harvard Catalogue of 1773, as does also 
Long's " Astronomy." Mr. Longest was defendant 
in a case reported in 16 Peters, Rep. 104. Dr. Short 
published a learned dissertation on tea in 1730. 



NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 83 

Petty is one of the noble families of England (Mar- 
quis of Lansdowne). George Wither was an old 
English poet, and Dr. Withering was a well-known 
English botanist. Wither, Witherup, and Wilt 
are all of them New-York names. Dane cites the 
case of Mr. Lean. Our Thomas Lean's estate was 
administered upon in 1853. Schadow was a distin- 
guished sculptor of Berlin. Mr. Gauntt was one of 
our master commandants in 1839. I had a class- 
mate named Stout. 

We have families of Goodhue, Newman, Fair- 
brother, Fairchild, Comly (L. 477, f. 259), Neat, 
Gent, Jent, Gentleman, Smart, Trim, Trimm, 
Prigge, Dandy, Handy, Handyside, Whitesides, 
Grace, Bonney, Curl, Curly, Curley, Kerly (1642), 
Kirley, Curlyhead (Prob. Rec. 106, f. 486), Crispy, 
Lippman. There is a Dr. Handy, of Westport. 
Rev. William C. Dandy lives at Maysville, Ky. John 
Liptrap was a subscriber to the Macklin Bible. We 
have also Shaby, Foule, (1676), Hary, Redhead, 
Readhead, Strickenback, Clutterbuck, Rynex, 
Boleg, Allpin, Stammers, Lahm, Lamy, Bender, 
Bent, Broadbent, Stoops, Bowd, Crackey, Crooke, 
Crook, Crooks, Crookshanks, Crooker, Worn, 
Straight, Stiff, Stiffens, and Supple. Mr. Rocke- 
feller lives at Orehill, Conn. 

The name of Prettyman is found in Portland, Me. ; 
and a Mr. Prettyman is Clerk of the House in Dela- 
ware. Miss Pretty subscribed for Jones's " Miscel- 



84 NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 

lanies." Mr. Pretty lives at Mount Hope, C.W. ; 
and both Mr. Prittie and Mr. Purty, at Toronto. 
Both Pretty and Prettyman are found in Philadel- 
phia. Brunette is found at Montreal, and various 
other towns in Canada. Mr. Dark lives in Clinton, 
C.W. Mr. Fairman lives in Troy, N.H. ; and Simeon 
Fair is Solicitor of the Middle Circuit of South Caro- 
lina. Messrs. Decharms and Bonbright are Yale 
graduates. 'Perhaps our Mr. Arch should be men- 
tioned here, rather than among architectural speci- 
mens. In New York I find eight families of Starin, 
Mr. Stamer, and Mr. Wandelip. Mr. Clutter is 
Auditor of Accounts in Virginia. Wiarda mentions 
Bottcher. 

Ruddiman's "Life" was published in 1740. Min- 
cing exists as an English name. Gen. Trigge, 
commander-in-chief at Martinique, subscribed for 
Chauchard's maps. Rev. Mr. Griesly subscribed 
for Jones's " Miscellanies," as did also Mr. Mangy. 
The publisher Edward Curll figures in the " Dun- 
ciad." Mr. Greathed escaped from the massacre at 
Delhi in 1857. Rev. Richard Sheepshanks died in 
England, Nov. 7, 1855. Mr. Bronte's predecessor 
was Rev. Mr. Redhead. We have Inchbald's 
" British Theatre." In reading Mrs. Barbauld's 
works, we do not think of her name as synonymous 
with " bare-bald." In Westminster Abbey is an epi- 
taph by Dryden on Sir Palmes Fairbones. Mr. 
Ruffhead wrote a Life of Pope. Mr. Rough lives 



NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 85 

in Philadelphia. Miss Backwell and Mr. Light- 
body are subscribers to the Macklin Bible. Mr. 
Crutchfield is Speaker of the House in Virginia. 
Mr. Pettibone, of New York, failed in October, 1857. 
Among the graduates of Yale I find Mr. Bald, Mr. 
. Cruikshanks, Mr. Crukshanks, Mr. Cuddeback, and 
Mr. Pettibone. In the New-York Directory I find 
Bald ; also Bonny, Bonnier, Fair, Fairbairn, Fair- 
brother, Fairman, Bloomer, Doll, Dolls, Light- 
foot, Lightbody, Gentil, Farcy; also Prink, Prigge, 
Trigg, Prim, Plain, Boor, Boorman, Foully, Grime, 
Brodhag, Crone, Bend, Boney, Blear, several speci- 
mens of Bald, Wollenhaupt (" woollen head ! "), 
Lineback, Broadfoot, Playfoot (i.e., "splay-foot"), 
Redfoot, Longpin (i. e., " long legs "), Loppin, Lamey, 
&c. Mr. Underfinger is found in the Buffalo Direc- 
tory of 1855. 

Mr. Tidy lives at Norwichville, C.W. ; Mr. Spink, 
at Toronto ; Mr. Grecey, at Kingston, C.W. ; Mr. 
Sansfacon, at Quebec ; and Mr. Stamers, at To- 
ronto. 

At Philadelphia I find eighteen families of Comly, 
and four of Cumley ; nineteen families of Nice ; Mr. 
Tiedeman ; Mr. Prigley ; Messrs. Dowdy, Doudy, 
Doudle, and Dowdle; Mr. Fopless, Mr. Furrow, 
Mr. Grime, Mr. Leans, Mr. Slanteback, and Messrs. 
Tumplety and Tumpalty. Bald is a common name 
in Philadelphia ; and I find there two families of 
Blind, also Blonde, Bloom, and Bloomer. Mr. 



86 NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 

Whiteside lives at Little Britain, C.W. Both White- 
head and Whites ides are found at Brampton, C.W. 
A Mr. Allchin lives at Canning, C.W. ; and another, 
at New Hamburg, C.W. Mr. Lenover lives at Flo- 
rence, C.W. ; Mr. Bends, at Grafton, C.W. ; also Mr. 
Blacklock. Mr. Sydle lives at Sandyhill, C.W. ; and 
Mr. Klump, at Sarnia, C.W. 

In 1741, there was an English author named Raw ; 
and a Mr. Raw sailed from Boston, Dec. 29, 1857. 
Rawson was a distinguished name among us in early 
times. A Mr. Askew wrote in 1605. Mr. John 
Askew, of Queen's College, subscribed for Jones's 
" Miscellanies." Mr. Fairborn, F.R.S., is author of 
a work on Engineering, London, 1856. Boniface, 
though now so exclusively appropriated by landlords, 
is a name that has been borne by several popes. Mr. 
Laplass lives at Lyme, Conn. Our Mr. Lovely is a 
laborer at South Boston. Mr. Prim lives at Brewer, 
Me. Mr. Crofoot's estate is in a course of settle- 
ment. Mr. Crawfoot appears in the Colony Records 
of 1678. William Crotch, "a musical prodigy," 
was born in 1775. 

We have Messrs. Hasenfus (i. e., " hare-foot "), 
Strain, Strane, Gait, Gately, Breeding, Manners, 
Glance, Glancy, Look, Lear, Leear, Lears, Lear- 
ing, and Ogels. I find Ogle in England in 1800. 
England has had its Sir John Ogle. Mrs. Ogle sub- 
scribed for Jones's " Miscellanies ; " and Lieut.-Col. 
Ogle, for Chauchard's maps. Mr. Manners was for 



NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 87 

many years British consul in Boston. We had a 
Midshipman Bredin in 1849. Rev. Mr. Winck is 
settled at Newton (1857). Robert Giggil appears 
in our Directory for 1857. Langhorne's Poems 
were printed in London, by Mawman, in 1804. In 
New York I find families of Gaites, Gaze, Looker, 
&c. Eldredge means " hideous." Mr. Wrinkle 
lives at Colebrook, Conn. ; Mr. Fair, at Newark, Vt. 
Our Shakeshaft and Turnbull indicate feats of 
strength of infrequent occurrence now-a-days. Mr. 
Waxman lives at Worcester. Mr. Whistler was a 
distinguished engineer ; and that name is found in 
New York, as are also Wisler, Wissler, and Wissel. 
Mr. Wistler lives at Philadelphia. Mr. Sniffen 
lives at Greenwich, Conn. ; and there are thirteen 
families of that name in New York. John Sniffin's 
lawsuit was decided at Washington, Dec. 18, 1857. 
Mr. Sniveldy lives at St. Catherine's, C.W. ; Mr. 
Snively, at Philadelphia ; Mr. Sniveley, at London, 
C.W. ; Mr. Snivelly, at Drummondville, C.W. ; 
Mr. Weese, at Centreville, C.W. ; Mr. Wees, at 
Hillsborough, C.W. ; Mr. Droolby, at Montreal ; and 
Mr. Hawkin, at Quebec. Hawker is a poet of 
Corn wall j England. Hawkins is a common name. 

Mr. Learmouth lives at Fitzroy Harbor, C.W. ; Mr. 
Ogleman, at Bourcherville, C.E. ; Mr. Sidleman and 
Mr. Simper, at Philadelphia, where I also find Messrs. 
Winker, Gaze, Stare, and Stares. Mr. Winks 
lives at Montreal. Mr. Searight was a West-Point 



88 NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 

graduate. Our Miss Touch died in 1798. Mr. Beau 
lives at Montreal ; Mr. Great, at Guelph, C.W. ; Mr. 
Bald, at Hamilton, C.W., where is also found 
Mr. Twitcher. Mr. Bigham lives at Kingston, 
C.W. 

A contribution for the relief of Miss Handless 
would not be amiss. Mr. Legless seems to have 
remained in England, as have also the families of 
Awkward, Ugly, Thick and Thin ; also Baldhead, 
Cockeye, Hunchback, Killingback, Leatherhead, 
Halfhead, Lofty, Lumpy, Bunch, Allbones, Scare- 
devil, and Wulgar (consistently spelt). Lord 
Stowell's decisions are admired in Haggard's Re- 
ports. Haggard is a common name at Campbell's 
Cross, C.W. : it is also found at London, C.W. Mr. 
Slayback lives at Fairfield, Conn. David Longe- 
necker was President of the broken Lancaster Bank 
of Pennsylvania, 1857 ; and a Mr. Longenecker lives 
in Philadelphia. 

Several ancient Roman family names were derived 
from personal peculiarities, as Plautus and Plancus 
(both "flat-footed "), Sedigitus (" having six fingers "), 
N^vius (" one who has a mole on his person "), Bal- 
bus (" stammering "), Ocella ("small-eyed"), Flac- 
cus (" flap-eared ; " this name still exists in New 
York), Florus (" shining "), Hirtius (hirtus means 
" hairy "), Pulcher (" beautiful "), Paulus (" small "), 
Celsus (" high "), Varro (vara, " a clodpate "), Seve- 
rus (" grave "), Serenus (" serene "), Commodus 



NAMES FROM BODILY PECULIARITIES. 89 

(" friendly," " pleasant "), Curius (" full of sorrow "), 
Crassus, — before mentioned (" fat "), — Dentatus 
("well provided with teeth"), Virginius (yirgineus 
means "maidenly"), Regillus ("royal," "magnifi- 
cent"), &c. 



12 



90 



CHAPTER X. 

NAMES FROM RELATIONSHIP AND AFFECTION; FROM AGE, &c. 

Relationship and affection have given us the names 
of Kinsman, Kinman, Fader (Voter means " father "), 
Dady (1683), Dadd, Goodson, Boyson, Sonna, Sonne 
(June, 1857), Brothers, Fairbrother, Fairbairn, 
Fairchild, Darling, Dear, Dears, Dearborn, Deary, 
Suck, Tetley, Batchelor, Swayne (1666), Swain, 
Valentine, Benedict, Troth, Court, Spose, Suter, 
Billing, Billings, McFond, Lovewell, Doton, Hart- 
nett, Herman, Groom, Husband, Bride, Tochterm an, 

SlSTERMANS, HuGG, HuGGINS, PrESSEY, BUSS, BuSS- 

well, Neighbor (1659), Neighbour, Cousens, Cou- 
sins, Cozzens, Cuzens, Friend, Choice, Favor, 
Lefavour, Fancy, &c. Mr. William Brother died 
in 1742. Mr. Brotherson was bookkeeper of the 
Union Bank in New York in 1858. Mr. Kinne was 
graduated at Yale, as was also Mr. Elderkin. Gen. 
Elderkin, of New York, is a visitor at West Point. 
We have a Damon, but no Pythias. Mr. Son sells dry- 
goods at Bangor. John Son, of New York, failed in 
October, 1857. Mr. Cossit lives at Claremont, N.H., 
and also at New York. Mr. Petts lives at Ware- 



NAMES FROM RELATIONSHIP AND AFFECTION. 91 

ham ; Mr. Cozzen, at Leominster ; and a Mr. Cou- 
sens, at Buxton, Me. Mr. Chose lives at Parsons- 
field, Me. 

In the New- York Directory I find two families of 
Suckley, Presser, Parshall, Wedlock, Wewer 
(" woer "), Kissam (a very common name), Atkiss, 

COURTER, COURTIN, SPARK, MARRY, ClING, SmACK, 

Kiss ; Dear, Deare, Dearman, and Deary ; Near, 
Neary, &c. ; and Bussing and Bussman. I also find 
there Parent, Paters (" fathers ] "), Paterson, and 
Nefew (" nephew % "). We have a Mrs. Neff (Neffe 
means "nephew"). Mr. Mutter, of Philadelphia 
(German for " mothers "), subscribed for Agassiz' 
work; as did also Mr. Deery, of Nashville, Tenn. 
Frere (" brother ") is a well-known English author. 
Pett's works were published in 1693. ' 

Parent is a very common name in Canada, at 
Quebec, &c. ; it is also found in Philadelphia. Mr. 
Papa lives at Newbury, C.W. Two families of Bro- 
thers live at Montreal ; and the name is found at To- 
ronto. Mr. Brotherson lives at Little Britain, C.W. ; 
Mr. Godson, at St. Catherine's, C.W. ; Mr. Orphan, 
at Kingston, C.W. A Mr. Younghusband lives at 
Carp, C.W. ; and another, at Port Hope, C.W. ; Mr. 
Swayne, at Cobourg, C.W. Loveless is found at 
Albertsville, C.W., and London, C.W. ; Mr. Smitten, 
at Campbellsville, C.W. ; Mr. Hug, at Bridgeport, 
C.W. Mr. Proudlove lives at Berlin, C.W. ; Mr. 
Newlove, at Summerville, C.W. ; Mr. Truelove, at 



92 NAMES FROM RELATIONSHIP AND AFFECTION. 

Westport, C.W. ; Mr. Spark, at Three Rivers, C.E. ; 
Mr. Longmore, at Montreal ; Mr. Cosset, at St. Pierre 
des Bequets, C.E. ; and Mr. Wedd, at Toronto. Dr. 
Cousin lives at Grahamsville, C.W.; and Mr. Kins- 
min, at Toronto. Mr. Kindered lives at Peoria, 111. 

In Philadelphia I find Mr. Akin (perhaps a name 
indicative of suffering), Mr. Cousen, four families of 
Nece, Mr. Dady, Mr. Sonneborn, Messrs. Syster and 
Syz, Mr. Caress, Mr. Cling, Mr. Clinger, Mr. Likes, 
Mr. Likens, &c. Mr. Quitman, of Mississippi, is a 
member of Congress. 

We have many a Ward, but no Guardian. France 
has its Cousin ; and, in Dublin, there lived, in 1828, 
J. G. Children, Esq., and Mr. Cousins. Among the 
subscribers to the Macklin Bible is Mr. Goodson. 
Mr. Woodson is a graduate of Yale. Mr. Young- 
love was admitted a freeman in 1671. Dr. Kirk- 
bridge is the distinguished physician of the Pennsyl- 
vania Asylum. Mr. Truelove, a London bookseller, 
has just been indicted for a want of love to 
Louis Napoleon. Mr. Marriman lives at Woodbury, 
Conn. Incredible as it seems, there exist in England 
the names of Cuckold, Pympe, Bairnsfather, Bas- 
tard, and Bratt. Families of Goodhusband, 

YOUNGHUSBAND, WEDLOCK, AFFECTION, KlSS, StRAN- 

ger, and Quaintance are also found there. The 
names of Barnfather and Bastard are indeed both 
found at London, C.W. Mr. Carlos Bratt was a 
midshipman in our navy in 1849 ; and the name is in 



NAMES FROM AGE, ETC. 93 

the New-York Directory. Mr. Croney also lives in 
New York. Rev. J. G. Bias is a clergyman at Phila- 
delphia. Mr. Husband was an author in 1711 ; and 
a Mr. Husband recently lost a limb by an accident in 
Boston, and subsequently died at the Hospital. Both 
Husband and Husbands are common names in Phila- 
delphia. On the other hand, Mr. Nicholas Wife 
was admitted a freeman in 1645. A marriage con- 
tract is recorded in Lib. 677, f. 261, one of the parties 
to which has the appropriate name of Standring. 
Our Mr. Freelove (L. 121, f. 105), in name at least, 
scorned all such ties. Mr. Spendlove, of New York, 
has also a promiscuous name. 

There is a work on " English Rhymes " by Guest. 
A Mr. Guest was a passed midshipman in our 
navy in 1849 ; and the name is found in New York, 
and in Canada, at Toronto, &c. Mrs. Tryst was a 
subscriber to Jones's " Miscellanies ; " and P. Bastard 
subscribed for Ackerman's " History of Oxford." 
Higgeson's " New-England Plantation " was printed 
for Michael Sparke in 1630. 

Ages are represented by Messrs. Young, Young- 
man, Younger, Younker, Junior, Minor, Senior, 
Olds, Whitehead, Elder, and Elders. Mr. Ages 
lives in Philadelphia; and Mr. Bibby is a depositor 
in one of our savings banks, being a decidedly juve- 
nile name. We have Miss Eunice V. Senex (i.e., 
" old man 51 ). Mr. Old lives in Franklin, Vt., and 
also in New York. Mr. Minor is Governor of Con- 



94 NAMES FROM AGE, ETC. 

necticut (1856). Sir John Suckling was an English 
author of note in 1648; and Swadlin wrote in 1653. 
Whitelocke's Swedish embassy took place in 1653-4. 
Lieut.-Col. Whitelocke subscribed for Chau chard's 
maps. There is a resemblance in sound, if not in fact, 
between Whitehead and Wisehead. Mr. Grayhead 
lives in New York. The name of Blacklock is found 
in Virginia. Mr. Bibb was the first Governor of Ala- 
bama. Who can better play " Old Folks at Home" than 
the distinguished violinist, Mr. Vieuxtemps (i. e., 
" old times ") ] Both Jung and Junger* are German 
authors. There was a Roman family of Senicio (" an 
old man "). Mr. Oldman lived at Buffalo, N.Y., in 
1855. In the New-York Directory are the names of 
Babe and Babey. The family of Baby (correctly 
spelt) is still found in the mother country. A Mr. 
Baby was also a Canadian resident near Detroit in 
1763 ; and the name is very common now throughout 
Canada. No less than five families are found at Moore, 
C.W. I also find, in Philadelphia, six families of 
Babe, and one Babey ; where are also seven families 
of Born, and three families of Weand. Mr. Cadet 
lives at Kingston, C.W. Mr. Ladson is consul for 
Denmark at Charleston, S.C. In Salem there is a 
family of Oldson. Mr. Altfater (German for 
" old father ") lives in New York. Mr. Oldfather 
was landlord in a real-estate suit reported in 27 Penn. 
State Rep. 285. 

* Being the German for "young" and "younger." 



95 



CHAPTER XL 

NAMES FROM NATIONS, COUNTRIES, TOWNS. &c; NAMES OF PRO- 
MISCUOUS OR MULTITUDINOUS SIGNIFICATIONS. 

Nations are represented by Greek, Gretian, Swit- 
zer (1668), Sabine, Britton, English, French, 
Dutch, German, Hollander, Irish, Russ, Dane, 
Fleming, Malay, Norman, Lombard, Scott, Welsh, 
Pickard, Finn, Wallach, Wallack, Turk, Amerigo, 
Amerige, &c. Our Thomas Gipsey is, in name, a 
citizen of the world. There was an English author 
named Welchman in 1767. Mr. Hunn was a clergy- 
man in Hadley in 1839. Mr. Neil Etheopean died 
in 1727 (Prob. Rec. 26, f. 144). John Bohemion made 
a deed in L. 10, f. 269. George Sirian was a gun- 
ner in our navy in 1849. Mr. Vandal lives at St. 
John's, C.E. ; and, in Philadelphia, I find families of 
Algier and Allgier. 

Countries are represented by Poland, Gaul, Spain, 
Spane, Flanders, Holland, Hague, Greenland, 
Finland (L. 626), Brittain, Scotland, Savoy, 
Wales, Ireland, Guernsey, Garnsey (L. 49), Lo- 
rain, Loring (Lorraine), Virginia, Maine, Domingo, 
Rhodes, Barbadoes, &c. Mrs. England lately died 



96 NAMES FROM NATIONS, COUNTRIES, ETC. 

at Newbury port. In L. 169, Mr. Canada is party to 
a deed. Mr. Iceland lives at Sandhill, C.W. Mrs. 
Norway lives at East Brewster, Mass. Greece is 
found at Chatham, C.E. Mr. Brazil lately died in 
Suffolk County. Mr. France appears in our Direc- 
tory for 1857. The firm of Bates and France failed 
in New York in 1857. Mr. Illius, of that city, is 
perhaps of Trojan descent. Mr. Clime and Mr. 
Countraman, of New York, seem to have no fixed 
residence. Our Mr. Freeland's name is but an 
alias for America. Mr. Acte, who appears in our 
Colony Records, 1677, may perhaps claim his name 
from another continent. 

Seas, bays, harbors, and rivers give us Baltic, 
Casco, Sacket, Jordan, Tweed, Cam, Humber (1663), 
Nile (1680), Mersey, Shannon, Wye, Hudson, 
Charles, Rhoner, &c. Mr. Tweedy was graduated 
at Yale. Mr. Clide lives in New York. Lieut. 
Humber served in the Mexican war. Mr. Nile 
lives at Ottawa, C.W. ; Mr. Rhine, at Philadelphia, 
where I also find Rubican and Rubincam (" Rubi- 
con \ "). We have also the river of mythology, — 
Leathe ; though I do not find Styx. Charon, how- 
ever, lives in Troy, N.H. ; and Mr. Caron was a man 
of property among us (1629). Miss Lethe ad, of 
Roxbury, died in 1857. The Leman family would 
doubtless prefer a claim to a local origin by Lake 
Leman. Among mountains, I find Alp at Philadel- 
phia. 



NAMES FROM TOWNS, ETC. 97 

Mr. Devonshire lives in Suffolk County ; and Mr. 
Norfolk, in Essex County. Mr. Westmoreland 
resides in New York. Derbishire is a common 
name at Toronto, C.W. ; and I find Derbyshire and 
Shropshire in Philadelphia. 

Many towns walk about among us as men and 
women ; such as Troy, Tyre, Parris, Lunnin, Lyons, 
Florence, Brussel, Hamburg, Maynz, Amsterdam, 
Stratford, Windsor, Winsor, Woburn, Worcester, 
York, Oxford, Glasgow, Chester, Dunbar, Dun- 
stable, Hartford, Sheffield, Bermingham, Birming- 
ham, Leeds, Manchester, Kent, Canterbury, Cork, 
Essex, Rindge, Winchester, Carlisle, Beverly, 
Cambridge, Boston, Milton, Liversedge, Hinsdale, 
Newport (1682), Newton, Weston, Quincy, Salom, 
Linn or Lynn (probably "a pool"), Lancaster, 
Weymouth, Edgarton, Needham, Randolph, Had- 
ley, Sharon, Somerville, Sherburne, Scarbo- 
rough (L. 69), Casteene, Conway, Newbury, 
Tewksbury, Leicester (L. 639), Springfield, Stock- 
bridge, Lenox, &c. 

Salisbury is one of our wealthy families. Mr. 
Carary ("Carrara]") appears in our records (1674). 
In L. 588, f. 73, is a deed of Mr. Copenhagen. 
Haverhill is found at Medford; Glasko, at Gris- 
wold, Conn. ; Florence, at New London ; London, 
at Bridgewater, Me. ; Lunnon, at Lowell ; Bristol, 
at Lee ; Lima, at Lawrence ; Weymouth, at Alna, 
Me. ; and Scarboro', at New Bedford. Mr. Hunger- 

13 



98 PROMISCUOUS OR MULTITUDINOUS NAMES. 

ford is a Yale graduate ; and Bristol is very common 
among the graduates of that institution. Young 
Jerusalem's tragic fate was incorporated by Goethe 
into the " Sorrows of Werther." We have among us 
representatives of the ancient battle-fields of Floden, 
Bosworth, Cressy, &c. ; and, in the New-York 
Directory, I find families of Lundoner, Rhinelander, 
Warsawer, Sarasin, Tunis, Rio, Wheeling, &c. In 
Philadelphia are families of Berlin, Corinth, Hague, 
Potsdamer, Tartar, Tarter, and Tartor. 

All these classes of names doubtless originated 
in ancestors who came from the countries or places 
thus indicated. On the other hand, several towns 
among us, as is well known, have received their 
names from distinguished citizens ; as Lowell, Law- 
rence, &c. 

Some have promiscuous names; as Canale, Peo- 
ples, Class, Fellows, Folk, Elders, Crowd, Garri- 
son, Troop, Troup, Many (1665), Chapp, Person, 
Persons, Province, Thing, Jury. Mr. Woolfolk is 
a graduate of Yale. The names of States, and of 
Coloney or Colony, are common in New England, as 
is also that of Voter. Mr. Colon ius lives in New 
York. Mr. Sargeants lives at Pittsfield, Vt. In 
England are families of Other, Every, M.jny, and 
Nobis, but no Omnibus. Mr. Many was plaintiff in 
a late suit. Mr. Few, of Amherst, N.H., sailed for 
England, July, 1857. Mr. Every was a passenger 
from Panama, October, 1857. A Mr. Every also 



PROMISCUOUS OR MULTITUDINOUS NAMES. 99 

lived in Buffalo in 1855, as did Mr. Pair. One of 
the hymns in our church psalmody was written by 
" Medley." In St. Paul's Cathedral is a monument 
to Sir William Hoste ; and there was an eminent 
Danish scholar named Host. Mr. Batch, of Bridge- 
water, obtained an agricultural premium in September, 
1857. Mr. Gentry lives in New York. In that 
city I find both Mr. Many and Mr. Few ; Mr. Mani- 
fold, Mr. Mesh, Mr. Mingle, and Mr. Missing; 
Messrs. Peoples, Peple, Shires, Tier, Tiers; also 
Mr. Parts, Mr. Peaces, Mr. Share, &c. 

Mr. Gentles lives at Goderich, C.W. ; Mr. Gentry 
and Mr. Sennet, at Hamilton, C.W. ; Mr. Nation, at 
Toronto, C.W. In Philadelphia I find families of 
Beaux, Caravan, Divers, and Council, five families 
of Mingle, and both State and States. 

Mrs. Mobbs was a subscriber to Jones's " Miscella- 
nies." Jabez Allies published a work on antiquities, 
in 1852, in London. 

We have also Mecum (L. 203, f. 231); and Mr. 
Coram was an English printseller. One of the chief 
proprietors of the Covent-Garden Theatre was Mr. 
Surnam (i. e., "surname"); and we have Mr. Four- 
name and Mr. Namer. Mr. Manname lives in Phila- 
delphia; Miss Mary Pedigree, of Saugus, was married 
June 21, 1857. 



100 



CHAPTER XII. 

NAMES FROM ARTICLES OF DRESS AND ORNAMENT. 

Ladies have their Wills : they are also devoted to 
the toilet. Accordingly, we find a Mr. Millener 
(L. 82, f. 176), and a Miss Mary Rigg; also Miss 
Riggins and Miss Pirks. Perk is found at Balmoral, 
C.W., and at Hamilton, C.W. We have likewise Mrs. 
Dresser and Mr. Tryon. Miss Fouldes is a dress- 
maker. Mr. Foldin arrived here in a Cunard steamer, 
November, 1857. Administration has been lately 
granted to the estate of Miss Mary Capps. Mr. 
Capp lives in New York. We have Kings, Lockett, 
Sables, Cashmer, Gems, Precious, Diamond, Ema- 
reld, Emereld, Berrell, Ruby, Jewell, Pearl, 
Pearly (1677), Perley, Jasper, Garnet (L. 84, 
f. 258), and Garnett (L. 103). In Philadelphia I 
find families of Berrel, Onyx, Opol. Mr. Ringgold 
was an officer at West Point. Mr. Gem lives at 
Bucksport, Me. Mr. Searing is a graduate of Yale. 
In England, and also in New York, are families of 
Agate, &c. Achates, the. friend of iEneas, means 
" agate;" and the Roman name of Torquatus means 
" adorned with a neck-chain." 



NAMES FROM DRESS AND ORNAMENT. 101 

Wiggin is one of our first names. We have also 
Wiggins, Wigmore, &c. The name of Ludwig 
Hellwig is familiar to us all. Mr. Kilty was a 
lieutenant in our navy in 1849. George Busk is 
a distinguished Fellow of the Royal Society ; and Mr. 
Buske lives in New York. The " New-England 
Business Directory " shows that Mr. Shirt lives at 
Stamford, Conn. ; Mr. Jackett, at New Haven ; and 
both Dr. Shue and Mr. Stitch, at Hartford. Miss 
Katherine Frill died at Charlestown, Mass., seventy- 
four years old, worn out at last (1857). Mr. Stich, 
of New York, sells caps. Mr. Sew, however, of that 
city, is a cabinet-maker. Abraham Shurt, of Pema- 
quid (now Bristol, Me.), took an acknowledgment of 
an Indian deed in 1626, twenty years before any en- 
actment on that subject, and is considered the " Father 
of American conveyancing." Lovelace occurs among 
the subscribers to Jones's " Miscellanies ; " as do 
also the names of Rigg, Riggs, and Capper. There 
is also the English poet Lovelace. England has had 
its Admiral Freemantle. Richard Crawshay, Esq., 
subscribed for Chauchard's maps : his name recalls a 
species of needlework. A lecture on public amuse- 
ments, by Edward Corderoy, Esq., was published in 
London (1857). 

Articles of dress are about equally divided among 
the sexes. Thus we have a Miss Garment (L. 639, 
f. 265), Rayment (1683), Dickey, Hatton, Hatten, 
Cravath, Coller (L. 125 ^and L. 308), Tippet, 



102 names from dress and ornament. 

Coates, Shepcoat, Dublett (1676), Cloak, Wes- 
cott, Waiscot, Padden, Vesty, Blackstock, But- 
ten (1651), Button, Spencer, Brace, Wigley, 
Wiggin, Brownrigg, Gildersleeve, Cloutman, 
Combs, Comb, Edgecomb, Newcomb, Beede, Cope, 
Cowles, Cowls, Ruffe, Hood, Vail, Vaill, Lacy, 
Belt, Band, Loop, Vantassle, Bussell, Sachs, Vic- 
torin, Freemantle, Mode, Gear, Geer, Geir, Cloas, 
Mende, Mendum, Fitton, Mitts, Hoseum, Hosum, 
Stocking, Leathers, Schuch (Schuh means " shoe "), 
Brogan, and Patten. Francis Chapeau died in 
1824. Mrs. Gaiter appears in our Directory for 
1857 ; and Mr. Gaither is President of the Senate of 
Maryland. That name is found among the gradu- 
ates of West Point. Our Miss Linen, being unduly 
desirous of increasing her wardrobe, was sent to the 
House of Correction, October, 1857. Thomas Mitten 
was a party to a deed in Norfolk County ; and this 
name is found in New York, as is also Mitty. Mr. 
Mend all lives at Marion, Mass. Messrs. Maker, 
Makem, Mend, and Made, all live in New York. 
Mrs. Bracegirdle was a distinguished English actress. 
Mr. Broadbelt arrived here in a Cunard steamer, 
November, 1857. Mr. Veil lives at Paulet, Vt. ; Mr. 
Westcoat, at Dighton, Mass. ; Mr. Collar, at Athol. 
Mr. Cuff, of South Dedham, died November, 1857. 
Mr. Pinny lives at Middlebury, Conn. ; Mr. Beadley, 
at Cheshire, Conn. ; and Mr. Beedy, at Phillips, Me. 
William Faircloth made a deed in Norfolk County ; 



NAMES FROM DRESS AND ORNAMENT. 103 

and that name is found in New York. Mr. Silk 
subscribed for Chauchard's maps. We are generally 
indebted for our fashions to Paris ; but Mr. Satten- 
shall (" satin shawl ] ") arrived here in an English 
steamer in September, 1857, as did also Mrs. and Mr. 
Cravat. At Woolwich, England, is a monument to 
Stephen Remnant. This family, notwithstanding its 
name, seems now to be extinct. 

Mr. Wigg lives at Canfield, C.W., and also at Port 
Robinson, C.W. ; Mr. Hoodless, at Hamilton, C.W. 
Mr. Hatt is collector of St. Ours, C.E. ; and the name 
is found at Cambly, C.E. Highhet (" high hat? ") is 
a name of note in Canada. Mr. Tippett lives at Co- 
bourg, C.W. ; Mr. Pelerin, at Grand Bay, C.E. ; Mr. 
Capes, at North Augusta, C.W. ; Mr. Ruff, at St. 
Clement's, C.W. Messrs. Risband and Scarff both 
live at Hamilton, C.W. ; and Scarff is also found at 
Woodstock, C.W. ; Mr. Lovelace, at London, C.W. ; 
Mr. Lawn, at Stanstead Plain, C.W. Rev. Mr. 
Wearey lives at Bodmin, C.W. ; Mr. Wear, at 
Albert, C.W. ; Mr. Makings, at Everton, C.W. ; Mr. 
Stringer, at Buxton, C.W. Messrs. Knitt and 
Lacy live at Kingston, C.W. ; Mr. Scane, at Ridge- 
town, C.W. Mr. Bask lives at Goderich, C.W. ; Mr. 
Buckles, at London, C.W. ; Mr. Kilt, at Ottawa, 
C.W. Mr. Legging lives at Toronto, C.W. Mr. 
Shoebottom is a law-student at London, C.W. Messrs. 
Robe, Silk, Sax, Hose, Hosen, live in Quebec. Mr. 
Tattersall and Mr. Wardrobe are both found in 
Toronto, as is also Mr. Cashmere. 



104 NAMES FROM DRESS AND ORNAMENT. 

In Philadelphia I find a family of Wardrobe ; 
Messrs. Wigfall, Wigman, Wigmore ; also Barwig 
(" a lawyer's wig ? ") ; Mr. Clad and Mr. Strip ; 
seven families of Cloak, five of Collar, two of Nar- 
rowcoat ! eight of Lightcap ! and two of Long- 
cope ; Mr. Pelize ; Mr. Tippit ; Mr. Muff ; Mr. 
Coull; Mr. Frill; three families of Frock; Mr. 
Stock ; Mr. Boot ; Mr. Shoesmith ; two families each 
of Fitter, Fitting, and Fitton, and four families of 
Truefitt ; Mr. Ripp ; Mr. Pinyard ; nine families 
of Needles, and one Knedler. Mendi:nhall is a 
common name there. Miss Fix is a dressmaker of 
that city. Mr. Gird was an officer at West Point. 

In the Buffalo Directory for 1855, I find Loop and 
Vest. Messrs. Thredder, Pinner, and Cape live in 
London (1858); and Mr. Truefitt is a tailor in that 
city. 

Mr. Gere, Mr. Overall, Mr. Lining, Mr. Silkman, 
Mr. McHose, Mr. Padmore, Mr. Button, and Mr. 
Bonesteel, were all graduated at Yale. Bonnet was 
a Swiss philosopher ; and both Bonnet and Bonnett 
are found in New York. Mrs. Hatt, of Lachamsted, 
Berks, was one of Miss Jones's subscribers. Capt. 
Robe, of the Royal Artillery, subscribed for Chau- 
chard's maps. Kollar published a work on insects, 
in London, in 1840. Among those killed at Sebasto- 
pol was a gunner's mate named Pinhorn. Mrs. All- 
pin appears in our Directory of 1857. Dr. Pincoffs 
(" pincuffs'?") published a work on Eastern Hospitals, 



NAMES FROM DRESS AND ORNAMENT. 105 

in London, in 1857. At Great-Billing Church, Nor- 
thamptonshire, is a monument to Justinian Brass- 
girdle, A.D. 1625. Mr. Buckle has commenced 
the publication of an admirable history of civili- 
zation in England. Mr. Shufeldt, a passed midship- 
man in our navy in 1849, represents a very humble 
item of apparel. Mr. Wigfall, of Iowa, subscribed 
for Agassiz' work. 

The names of Bone, Bones, and Bonesteel, are 
found in New York, and may perhaps be classed 
among articles of female costume. I find there, like- 
wise, Messrs. Gear, Gearing, Gird, and Herwig ; 
Messrs. Lace, Linen, Linnen, Musliner, Musk ; 
five families of Smock; Sp angler, Pelisse, Scarf, 
Scarff, Puff, Turns, Turnure, and Wimp ; also 
Wear, Woram, and Worn ; Hatt, Livery, Stock- 
ing, Stockings, Stockinger; Wigeman, Wiggans, 
Wigger, Wiggers. Mr. Copes of Louisiana, and 
Mr. Copeman of New York, subscribed for Agassiz' 
work. 

Among the subscribers to Thomson's " Seasons," 
I find Miss Bagless, Mr. Dickey, and W. J. Lockett, 
Esq. Among English authors are Cappe (1727) and 
Trimmer (1801). Cappe's "Discourses" were pub- 
lished in 1816. Robert Shorthose fell under the 
censures of our forefathers for his shortcomings. 
Mr. Barefoot appears in our Colonial Records (1670) ; 
and a Mrs. Barfoot lives at Chatham, C. W. ; also at 
Peoria, 111. Miss Barfoot subscribed for a royal 

14 



106 NAMES FROM DRESS AND ORNAMENT. 

paper copy of Jones's " Miscellanies." We have Bare- 
ham, perhaps from a Highland ancestry. In L. 173, 
f. 246, is a deed from Amie Pincomb. Shurtleff, 
probably, does not belong to this class of names. Dr. 
Shirtliff, of Massanippe,C.E., approaches more nearly 
to the real article of dress. Shirtcliff is found in 
Philadelphia. England has families of Hat, High- 
hat, Slipper, Slipshoe, Linen, Sheet, Needle, Ruff, 
Shirtfield, Pocket, Wardrobe, &c. Dr. Brownrig 
was a former Bishop of Exeter ; and Col. Brownrigg 
subscribed for Chauchard's maps. In 1821, John W. 
Buckle lived in Mark Lane ; Thomas Capper, in the 
Strand ; and Samuel Stocks, Esq., at Manchester. 
Rev. Mr. Richard Stock, of Baliol College, subscribed 
for Jones's " Miscellanies. After death, one's toilet is 
not very important ; yet our Mr. Braid was an under- 
taker in 1839. Mr. Brade was himself lost in the 
" Central America" in 1857. Dane, in his " Abridg- 
ment," cites the law-cases of Lovelace and Wigg. 



107 



CHAPTER XIII. 



NAMES DERIVED FROM ANIMALS. 



From animals we have Flock, Heard, Hurd, Cat- 
tle, Catle, Keine, Breed, Beest, Lyon, Leo, Leo- 
man (1642), Wilboar, Beare (1668), Bear, Bruin, 
Boarman, Wolf, Wolff, DeWolf, Wolfson, Fox, 
Foxworthy, Tod (i. e., " fox "), Fuchs (t. e., " fox "), 
Raynard, Moos, Camel, Deer, Doe, Galloway, Pal- 
frey, Filley, Courser, Hobby, Hack, Knaggs, 
Dobbin (a name also borne by a former Secretary 
of the Navy), Colt, Coltman, Lamb, Lambson 
(1685), Lamson, Badlam, Lamkin, Bull, Bullman 
(363, f. 69), Bullock, Bullard, Goard (1644), 
Cowman, Ochs (i. e., " ox "), Oxx (in Directory 
of 1835), Maddox, Oxenbridge, Oxnard, Oxman 
(L. 32, f. 6), Bossey, Calef, Calfe, Calf (L. 99, 
f. 260), Metcalf, Keough (" cow % "), Cowden, 

COWHIG, CUDWORTH, BADGER, MlNK, BeVERSTOCK, 

Steer, Steere, Stearling (L. 126, f. 247), Stagg, 
Staigg, Buck, Buckman, Buckmaster (1669), Veal, 
Shep (i.e., " sheep "), Coon, Coney (i.e., " a rabbit"), 
Fawne, Leverett, Hare, Hart, Hartt, Hinds, 
Kurr, Whelfley, Welpley, Setter, Setters, Tray, 



108 NAMES DERIVED FROM ANIMALS. 

Barker* Tabb, Pusey, Chatman (i.e., "man of 
cats"), Mousley, Mowle, Paddock, Warren, Bur- 
roughs, &c. We have already enumerated Hogg 
and its various derivatives. Thomas Cow became a 
freeman of Ipswich, 1681. Mr. Koon lives at North 
Adams; Mr. Mole, at the same place, and also at 
Williamstown ; Mr. Coult, at Manchester, N.H. 
Our Mr. Boreman, perhaps, derived his name from 
his colloquial powers. 

One Patrick Babbit was party to a deed in Essex 
County ; and a lad of that name was killed in Augusta, 
Me., April, 1857. Two families of the same name live 
in New York. Warren is eminent in the medical 
world, both here and in Europe. Madame De Pussy 
wrote in Paris in 1848. Mr: Batt appears in our Direc- 
tory for 1857. Cat's "Essay on the Senses" appears 
on the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. Mr. Catts lives 
at Philadelphia ; as do also two families of Kitts, and 
five of Pusey. Mr. Spaniel lives at Peoria, 111. 
(1858). Michael Weasel, of Cumberland, Md., 
was not vigilant enough to avoid failing in September, 
1857. 

Mr. Beastall lives in Philadelphia ; as does Mr. 
Esquirell, which name may have been the origin of 
the Squirrel family ; also four families each of Fair- 
lamb and of Merino. Mr. Stearly also lives there, 
and Mr. Vension (" venison 1 "). 

Mr. Brouse lives at Prescott, C.W. ; and this is 

* Barker means " tanner." 



NAMES DERIVED FROM ANIMALS. 109 

a common name at Iroquois, C.E. Horsey is a 
common name at Kingston, C. W. Mr. Ram lives 
at Tavistock, C.W. ; Mr. Mutton, at Toronto; Mr. 
Lambkins, at Jordan, C.W., and at Eiceville, C.E. ; 
Mr. Mink, at Kingston, C.W. ; also Mr. Midcalf. 
Mr. Cattell lives at St. Helen's Island, C.E. ; Mr. 
Cowthred, at Fort Erie, C.W. ; Mr. Brindle, at 
Quebec; Mr. Terrier, at St. Sylvester, C.E. ; Mr. 
Pointer, at Churchville, C.W., and also at Philadel- 
phia ; Mr. Pussey, at Quebec ; Mr. Kitty, at Dun- 
gannon, C.W. ; Mr. Catesmole, at Port Dover, C.W. ; 
Mr. Cattermole, at London, C.W. ; Mr. Moles, at 
Quebec ; Mr. Ratford, at Stirling, C.W. ; and Mr. 
Batte, at Henryville, C.W. Mr. Buckey lives at 
Montreal; also Messrs. Hird, Marmet, Tiger, and 
Squirrel, — these latter being unique specimens. 

Mr. Earratt, in the London Directory of 1858, 
has a name suggestive of a snug residence ; and Mr. 
Lambshead, of that city, has a decidedly sheepish 
name. Of their townsmen, Mr. De Porquet would 
seem to be an aristocratic derivative from hog ; while 
Mr. Cudd represents the ruminating animals. 

Wolfe, the hero of Quebec, was by no means of a 
savage temper. The monument erected jointly to 
him, and his rival Montcalm, has an inscription 
worthy of Tacitus : "Mortem communem virtus, famam 
historia, monumentum posteritas dedit"* Mr. Roebuck 

* " Their courage gave them a common death ; history gives them a common 
fame; posterity, a common monument." 



110 NAMES DERIVED FROM ANIMALS. 

is a distinguished member of Parliament. Sir John 
Flock accompanied Charles II. in his exile. 

In Salem there lives a Mr. Bever. Miss Beaver, 
of Oxford, was one of Miss Jones's subscribers ; and 
Rev. James "Beaver subscribed for Chauchard's 
maps. There are seven families of Beaver in Phi- 
ladelphia. This name is also found in New York ; 
where likewise live Mr. Chuck and Mr. Otter. The 
firm of Beeves, Buck, and Co. failed in Philadelphia, 
in September, 1857. Ashmole was a distinguished 
English antiquary ; and Bos, a well-known philologist. 
Ramsden was a distinguished optician. The Orsini 
were a princely family of Italy. There was a Ho man 
family of Catulus (a " whelp " or " puppy "). There 
is, in Germany, a family of Katzenellenbogen, or 
Cats' elbows, as it is jocosely translated. We have 
Hayward (i.e., " keeper of cattle"). Mr. Bull 
owned a wharf at the foot of Summer Street, 
the subject of a recent lawsuit. Ole Bull is the 
great violinist of the world. The fabulous Griffin 
has a real existence among us. There are no less 
than a hundred and seven Griffin 8 in New York. 
The Ass seems to have been overlooked. Wiaida 
mentions Assman ; and I find, in Philadelphia, Mr. 
Wryass and Mr. Brayman. Braman is a common 
name with us. In New York live families of Curr, 
Fido, Pugley, Bich, Bitch, Welp, Whelpley, 
Whelps, Lechat, Catlet (i.e., "kitten"), Kitts, 
Mewhir, Coon, Cooney, Coons, Flock, Herd, Fold, 



names derived from animals. ill 

Kine, Wolfson, Lepard, Naggs, Oxx, Lamm, Lam- 
kins, Kidd, Does, Stagg, Staggs, &c. 

Families of Tiger, Stallion, Steed, Mare, Cow, 
Kid, Mutton, Pointer, Poodle, Pupp, Rabbit, Rat, 
Mouse, Otter, Heifer, Ram, Baa, are found in 
England. Lieut. Kid, a gallant British officer, fell 
in the assault on the Redan ; and Samuel Goodram 
was also killed before Sebastopol. Kidd is a very 
common name at Toronto, C.W. ; and there are eight 
families of it in Philadelphia, where are also found 
Ram and Ramm. Mr. Thomas Mole, of Liverpool, is 
on one of my subscription-lists ; also Rev. Dr. Bur- 
row and Mr. Snare. Mr. Snare also lives in New 
York. Three families of Snare are found in Phila- 
delphia ; and Mr. Snarey lives at Woodstock, C.W. 
There is an English publication by Mr. Trapp in 
1647, and by Mr. Mole in 1732. Both Mr. Otter 
and Mr. Mole live in Philadelphia ; also Mr. Trapp. 
"Lectures on Poetry," by Joseph Trapp, D.D., ap- 
pears in the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. Mr. Trap- 
man is consul for Hamburg at Charleston, S.C. 
Hinde's Life of Bruin (1641) was published by Cod- 
dington in 1799, being an odd conjunction of the 
names of two animals. Mr. Conybeare, a modern 
English writer, unites two animals in one surname. 
Bishop Conybeare's " Sermons " is a work recom- 
mended by the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. In New 
York I find Mr. Wolfram. Mr. Yoakum has pub- 
lished a history of Texas. A Mr. Yokom lives at 



112 NAMES DERIVED FROM ANIMALS. 

Peterborough, C.W. ; and the postmaster of Wain- 
fleet Centre, C.W., is named Yokem. In Philadelphia 
I find families of Yocom and Yocum. Mr. Prey lives at 
Alburg, Vt. ; Mr. Buckmaster, at Mount Holly, Yt. ; 
and a Mr. Hind, at Letter D, Me. Herder is a 
German classic ; and that name is found in Lon- 
don, C.W. 



113 



CHAPTER XIV. 

NAMES FROM BIRDS. 

Birds and fowls are well represented, in the aggre- 
gate, by Bird, Birdsall, Avis (Latin for " bird "), 
Vogel (German for " bird "), also Fogel and Fogell, 
Fowle, and in the different branches of Robin, Ro- 
bins, ROBBINS, LlNNETT, GANNETT, QUAIL, QuAYL, 

Finch, Bulfinch, Canary, Dawes, Craine, Crane, 
Grew (" a crane "), Grouse, Chicken, Chickey, 
Chick, Schwab, Giese, Goose and Gosling (before 
alluded to), Blackbird, Brownbill, Partridge, Par- 
rott, Parrotts, Duck, Drake, Corlew, Curlew, 
Bunting, Coote, Coots, Pidgeon, Pigeon, Pidgin, 
Dove, Wren, and Titt ; also Peep, Teal, Teel, 
Teele, Geyer (the German for " vulture "), Hauk, 
Hawks, Sparhawk, Sparrow, Howlett, Buzzard, 
Pecker, Martin, Swallow, Crowe, Crow, Kroes, 
Rook, Corbett (t. e., " raven "), Storke (L. 41, f. 291), 
Starlings (1681), Starling ; likewise Hern (L. 694, 
f. 261), Herron, Henshaw (i. e., a "young heron"), 
Nightingale, Swan, Capron. Edward Daw re- 
volted on board a Boston ship, in April, 1857; and 
Mr. Dawson was a gunner in our navy in 1849. 
John Croe signed his name so in 1655. 

15 



114 



NAMES FROM BIRDS. 



We have Hahn (the German for " cock "), Cock- 
rel (L. 36, f. 247), Cocks, Cox, Cock, Peacock, 
Tancock (died 1855), Moorcock, Woodcock, and all 
the various compounds of Cock ; as All, Bab, Bad, 
Han, Hand, His, Hitch, More (L. 40, f. 97), Shill, 
Po, &a, — which compounds, however, are not sup- 
posed to be really derived from that bird, but, in some 
cases, from Coque (" a cook ") ; while, in others, it is 
used as an affectionate diminutive. Hedgecock's 
quadrant has made a stir in the world of science, 
second only to that of the discovery of the quadra- 
ture of the circle some years since.* Dr. Locock is 
physician to Queen Victoria. Mr. Hecock (the " he " 
seems to be superfluous) was graduated at Yale in 
1802. Mr. Glasscock, of Missouri, manumitted his 
slaves by will in 1857. Sir Isaac Pococke sub- 
scribed for Chauchard's maps ; and our Mr. Pococke 
was sent to England in 1648. Rev. Mr. Leacock 
died a missionary in Africa. In the New- York Direc- 
tory I find Adcock, Daycock, and Heacock. Mr. 
Laycock lives at Embro, C.W. ; Mr. Lacock, at 
Richmond, C.W. ; Mr. Maycock, at Sandwich, C.W. ; 
Mr. Willcock, at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Wilcock, at 
Philadelphia, where I also find Messrs. Alcock, Ler- 
cock, and Veacock. Mr. Colcock was a West-Point 
graduate. Treblecock is a very common name in 



* A petition for a reward for this discovery was repeatedly presented to the 
Massachusetts Legislature ; and was once even referred to a committee, who gravely 
consulted my late father, Dr. Bowditch. 



NAMES FROM BIRDS. 115 

Canada, as at London and Norway, C.W. It is spelt 
Triblecock at New Ireland, C.E., and Trebilcock at 
Toronto. Mr. Luckcock had the bad luck to be an 
officer of that mismanaged institution, the Birming- 
ham Jail, the groundwork of Reade's " Never Too 
Late to Mend." Mr. Samuel Slocock was a sub- 
scriber to Jones's "Miscellanies." Mr. Bocock is a 
member of Congress from Virginia, as is also Mr. 
Cockerill from Ohio. A graduate of Harvard is 
named Henry Clay Cockerell. The most distin- 
guished Protestant preacher of France is M. Coque- 
rel. Rev. Dr. Coxed (" cock's head "), warden of 
Winchester College, subscribed for ten copies of 
Jones's " Miscellanies." There was a Roman family 
of Gallus ("a cock"). Our Mr. Crowin, as if 
assured of victory, brought a suit in August, 1857. 
We have also Callow, Henville, Henfield, Henny, 
Henns (L. 407, f. 6), Hatchman, Hatch, Covey, 
Brude, Coop, Coops, Pippy, and Pippey. Mr. Henn 
lives in New Britain, Conn. (1858). 

We have Gladwing (1629). Mr. Gull was ad- 
mitted a freeman (1673). The Batt family owned 
very valuable real estates in Boston. This name is 
also found in Port Stanley, C.W., and at Toronto. 
Mr. Batman lives at London, C.W. ; and that name 
is found among the West-Point graduates. Mr. 
Crumpecker is a stable-keeper at Lynchburg, Va. 
John Quails was a pupil at Groton Academy. 
Among the distinguished persons who attended the 



116 NAMES FROM BIRDS. 

funeral of Douglas Jerrold was Mr. Augustus Egg. 
There are two families of Egg in Philadelphia ; and 
Mr. Eggs lives in New York. Sir Christopher Wren 
has left behind him the noblest monument in London. 
In the churchyard of the parish of St. Peter the 
Apostle, Canterbury, is a monument to John Cuckow, 
who died 1760. Among the admirals of England are 
Drake and Hawke, and Sir George Rooke. With 
the first of these Queen Elizabeth is playfully asso- 
ciated, in the lines, — 

" Oh, give us, for our Icings, such queens, 
And, for our dux, such drakes ! " 

Mr. Grosbeck is a member of Congress from Ohio ; 
and Mr. Wattles is a graduate of Yale, as is also Mr. 
Heron. Miss Matilda Heron is a popular actress 
among us. Hahnemann was the father of Homoeo- 
pathy. Eulenspiegel (German for " owl's looking- 
glass "), born 1350, is as popular in the traditions of 
Germany as Robin Hood is in England. The great 
Roman name of Gracchus means merely a "jackdaw." 
Among Miss Jones's subscribers are Mrs. Cage, Miss 
Dove, Mr. Finch, Miss Parrot, Mr. Sparrow, Rev. 
Mr. Corbett, Christopher Crowe, Esq., Mrs. Gos- 
ling, Mr. Martyn, Miss Martin, &c. Mr. Feather- 
hoff, of Pennsylvania, failed in September, 1857. 
Mr. Hatcher was in the engineer-corps of the -U. S. 
navy in 1849. In the New-York Directory I find 
Brood, Beak, Beakman, Brant, Bustard, Duckman, 



names from birds. 117 

Drakeman, Daw, Dawson, Jaycock, Jaycox, Lark, 
Raven, Ravenhill, three families of Starling, 
Storck, Stork, Thrush, Titt, Tittman, Walduck 
and Waldvogel (or " bird of the woods "), Covey, 
Gullman, Hen, Henn, Grouse, &c. Mandrake 
perhaps belongs here rather than among the vegeta- 
bles. Strange to say, I do not find in Boston a 
single specimen of the most glorious bird of all, — 
our own national emblem, — the Eagle. Mrs. Mary 
Eagles, however, died at Roxbury, March 31, 1857 ; 
and we have Eagleson. There are seven families of 
Eagle in the New- York Directory : it is also found at 
Ottowa, C.W., Yorkville, C.W., and Philadelphia. Mr. 
Egle, of Harrisburg, Pa., is one of Agassiz' subscribers. 
Mr. Heagle lives at Stirling, C.W. Of the hymns used 
in our churches, one is written by Josiah Conder. 
The Jays prefer New York ; though one has got to 
Montreal. The Phcsnix has arisen from its ashes, 
and moves about among us : it is, indeed, a graduate 
of Harvard. England has its families of Dearbird, 
Fowls, Linnet, Cuckoo, Coote, Gull, Rook, Stork, 
Thrush, &c. ; and among the subscribers to the 
Macklin Bible are Col. Cockerell, and John Crewe, 
Esq. Duck's Poems were published in 1764. France 
has its Mdlle. Falcon. Mr. Falcon lives at St. 
Jaques Le Mineur, C.W. Mr. Pippy is an editor at 
Woburn. Mr. Pippe lives at Matane, C.E. Mr. 
Ouellett lives at Madawaska, Me. Gen. Storks was 
an English officer in the late Russian war. At St. 



118 , NAMES FROM BIRDS. 

Edmund's, Salisbury, is a monument to Richard 
Rook (died 1779). The note of the Nightingale 
charms the ear of the Englishman ; and that name is 
dear to his heart. 

Duck is a very common name at Chatham, C.W. 
The collector at Morpeth has that name. Lark is 
found at Coatacook, C.E., and at Kingston, C.W. ; 
Larke, at Chatham, C.W. ; and Larkworthy, at 
Kastner, C.W. Mr. Rain bird lives at Coldwater, 
C.W. ; Mr. Capon, at Cookstown, C.W. ; Mr. Stork, 
at Brampton, C.W. ; Mr. Storks, at St. Catherine's, 
C.W. ; Mr. Thrush, at Toronto ; Mr. Coot, at Lon- 
don, C.W. ; Mr. Graybill, at New Dundee, C.W. ; 
Mr. Blackbird, at Toronto; Mr. Birdsell, at Farmers- 
ville, C.W. Mr. Owler and Mr. Brant live in Mon- 
treal ; Mr. Owley, at Hamilton, C.W. ; Mr. Houlet, 
at Quebec ; Mr. Herron, at Streetville, C.W. 

In Philadelphia I find families of Bustard, Chick- 
ling, Coot, Coots, and Dau ; also four families of 
Stork, three of Wallraven, and five of Feather. 
Mr. Martin dale was a graduate of West Point. 



119 



CHAPTER XV. 

NAMES FROM FISHES, INSECTS, REPTILES, &c; AND OTHER 
DISAGREEABLE NAMES. 

Turning to the department of fishes, we find the 
names of Fish, Fisher, Fishers, Fishley, Bodfish 
(" bad fish ? "), Weir, Wier, Hook, Bate, Bateman, 
and Bates ; Sholes, Dolfin, Thrasher, Sharkly, 
Sharkey, Skates, Scates, Eels, Eeles, Eelles, 
Conger, Salmon, Skimmer, Schad, Hake, Bass, 
Cody, Codley, Codwise, Codding, and Codman ; also 
Pike, Roach, Rotch, Breams (L. 94, f. 272), Place, 
Plaice, Whiting, Herring, Turbat (1653), Mul- 
lett, Mullet, Ray, Smelt (L. 91, f. 177), Lamprey, 
Pollock, Haddock, Trout, Troutbeck, and Roe ; 
also Turtell. Mr. Whale lives in Toronto, C.W. ; 
and a Philemon Whale appears in our Colonial 
Records in 1656, with a signature as large as life. 
On July 22, 1857, Thomas Sculpin was fined five 
dollars for a criminal appropriation of another's chat- 
tels. A sculpin is a worthless and greedy fish, with 
a huge mouth. In this case, the man is named for 
the fish : on the other hand, the fish known as 
John Dory is said to have been so called from its 



120 NAMES FROM FISHES. 

supposed resemblance to a person of that name. 
England has its Lamprey and Sprat ; also Turbet, 
Chub, Chubb, Chubbe, Par, Parr, Gilly, Gillies, 
Turtle, &c. Mr. Sturgeon received a degree at 
Yale in 1745 ; and Mr. Sturgeon, of St. Louis, sub- 
scribed for Agassiz' works. Thomas W. Sturgeon, 
Esq., subscribed for Chauchard's maps. Dr. Eayles, 
of England, has lately died. Dr. Sprat was formerly 
Bishop of Rochester. Sprat's " History of the 
Royal Society " is on the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. 
A Mr. Spratt lives at Toronto, C.W. Shadwell 
was an English dramatist. Miss Shad was the de- 
serving stewardess of the ill-fated " Empire State ; " 
and six families of Shadd live in Philadelphia. Mr. 
Chatfish (" cat-fish ! ") made a deed (L. 702, f. 211). 
Mr. Pollock is Governor of Pennsylvania. Sir Fre- 
derick T. Pollock is Chief Baron of the English 
Court of Exchequer. Miss Pyke subscribed for Miss 
Jones's work ; as did also Mr. Shard, Rev. Mr. Tench, 
and Miss Shelley. Carp itself I do not find; but 
Polycarp was one of the ancient Christian martyrs. 
In the Harvard Catalogue of 1773 is " Ray (John), 
all his works." One of the most distinguished French 
mathematicians is M. Poisson (French for " fish "). 
Edward Codd subscribed for Ackerman's " History 
of Oxford, &c." In New York are found families of 
Crabs, Craw, Cuskly, Haik, Lampry, Sturgeon, 
Trout, Troutt, Smelt, Whale, Whales, Whaley, 
and Wale. In Philadelphia I find three families of 



NAMES FROM FISHES. 121 

Dolphin, nine of Flounders, four of Sturgeon, and 
a Mr. Dace ; also Mr. Oyster and Mr. Shellem. 
A Mr. Codd lives at Addison, C.W. ; also at Kings- 
ton, C.W., &c. ; Mr. Shadd, at Chatham, C.W. ; 
Mr. Sturgeon, at Hamilton, C.W. ; Mr. Sharky, at 
Kingston, C.W. ; Mr. Hayck, at Spencer's Mills, C,W. ; 
and Mr. Fysh, at London, C.W. Concha, the name 
of the Governor-General of Cuba, is the Latin for 
" shell." There was a Roman family of Lamia (a 
kind of flat-fish). 

Mr. Finny lives at Monkton, Vt. Our Mr. Gil- 
feather partakes equally of the fish and bird. Mr. 
Borrowscale is satisfied with the permanent loan of 
part of a fish. We have Gilman. Mr. Cowgill, a 
judge in Indiana, prefers a union of fish and animal. 
Mr. Sheldrake, of Bolton, C.W., unites fish and 
bird. Our Mr. Chubbuck (married January, 1858) 
unites fish and flesh. Mr. Scales was killed July 4, 
1857. Mr. Birdseye, of Derby, Conn., perhaps be- 
longs to the department of woods. Mr. Shelmire, 
of Philadelphia, failed in October, 1857. Mr. Shel- 
ley, the well-known writer, seems to embody the 
genus Crustacea. What lawyer has not heard of 
the rule in Shelley's case] Mr. Shelhammer is 
party to a deed in L. 689. John Mussel was 
whipped (1641). We have Shrimpton, Cockle, 
Shell, Schell, Krebs (i.e., "a crab "). Crabbe, the 
poet, has a namesake, — the author of the standard 
work on English Synonymes. One of the United- 

16 



122 DISAGREEABLE NAMES. 

States master commandants in 1839 was Mr. Crabb. 
Perhaps Crabb should have been inserted among 
names derived from mental qualities. There has 
been more than one English writer named Roe ; and 
Salmon's works were published in 1748. Mr. George 
Seal made a deed (L. 125, f. 234). The Codman 
family must regard it as a gratifying coincidence, that 
the great Persian monarch Darius is known in history 
as Darius Codomanus. 

Some of our fellow-citizens are even contented to 
bear the names of Cheyne, Chyne, Kohr, Marrow 
(L. 86), Spleen, Kidney, Horn, Langhorne, White- 
horn (L. 38, f. 21), Sides, Joint, Hide, Hides 
(1649); also Talon, Haslett, Hazlett, Withers, 
Vanderhoof, Hoofman, Gutting, and Gutman. Mrs. 
Bone appears in the Directory of 1857. Mr. Cart- 
lidge made a deed (L. 707, f. 157) ; and Mr. Wattle, 
in L. 41, f. 253. Thomas Caule was licensed as a 
victualler in 1645. Henry Antler, of New York, 
failed in August, 1857. I find, in that city, families 
of Brissel, Clawson, Sinew, Paus, Rumpf, and 
Rumpp. Ramshorn's Latin Synonymes was trans- 
lated and published in Boston in 1856. Mr. White- 
horne was a West-Point graduate. Dr. Gall was 
a distinguished phrenologist; and a Mr. Gall lives 
in Philadelphia. Mr. Gills lives at Rockport, Me. 
Who does not* involuntarily pity Messrs. Spittle, 
Tainter, and Pest? We have Crease, Creasy, 
Lees, and Skimmings. Mr. Fogo arrived here in a 



DISAGREEABLE NAMES. 123 

Cunard steamer, November, 1857. Rev. Mr. Smellia 
lives at Fergus, C.W. ; Mr. Stinchman and Miss 
Stank, at Philadelphia. There are English families 
of Tripe and Rotten. Thus a writer, giving an 
account of the massacre at Delhi (1857), says, "Mr. 
Rotton and I buried thirty-one bodies." Here the 
name is appropriate to the act performed. Our Mr. 
Rotte died in 1839. In New York I find Rott, 
Rotty, Rottman, Spittel, and Spittle. Mr. Caul 
lives at Kingston, C.W. ; Mr. Brawn, at London, 
C.W. ; also Mr. Crock; Mr. Chine, at Toronto, C.W. 
Kidney is a common name in that city, and is found 
elsewhere in Canada. In Philadelphia are families 
of Joynt, Rump, Rumpp, Artery, and Urin. In our 
Directory of 1841 are the names of Tripe and Stench- 
field. Mr. Stinchfield is a very common name in 
New England : it is borne by three clergymen. Mr. 
Faulwasser (German for " dish-water," or " foul 
water") was married in Boston in June, 1857. One 
of the defendants in a suit now pending is Mr. Fore- 
paugh, and another is Mr. Wart. Mr. Worts 
appears in the Directory for 1857. We have also 
Rev. Mr. Rumpff and Dr. Braun. Gen. Wool 
belongs to the United-States army. There are 
English publications by Mr. Beek in 1692, and Mr. 
Beeke in 1737. Mr. Talon wrote in England in 
1653. Mr. Featherson was boatswain in our navy 
in 1849. Mr. Featherhoff, of Pennsylvania, failed in 
September, 1857. 



124 NAMES FROM INSECTS. 

Insects are represented by Messrs. Bease, Beeman, 
Bebee, Beebe, Weatherbee, Witherbee, Applebee, 
Leatherbee, Hornett, Hornet, Beetle, Fly, Flye, 
Cricket, Emmet (L. 182), Buggey, Bugden (L. 537), 
Wormley, and Grubb. This last name appears in a 
softened form, as Grube, among the graduates of 
Yale ; and Mr. Grub lives in New York. Mr. Ant- 
cliff appears in our Directory of 1857. We find 
Mr. Beebee in Paulet, Vt. Mr. Somerbee gathers 
his honey from the law. Mr. Bee dwells in Stowe, 
Vt. Another Bee was surgeon in our navy in 1849; 
and that name is found in New York. Mr. Bugbee 
goes strongly into this line. Miss Mabee died in 
Roxbury, April, 1857 ; and a Mr. Maybee lives in 
Codington, C.W. Among the graduates of West 
Point are Whedbee and Mr. B. E. Bee. " Foote's 
Dramatic Works," by John Bee, appeared in Lon- 
don, 1830. Messrs. Bea, Weavill, and Stemfly 
all live in Philadelphia ; where are also two 
families of Bugless, and four of Buggy ; and, at 
Toronto, I find Bugg, Buggs, and Buggy. We have 
Bugg's Tracts against the Quakers in 1698. Our 
Mrs. Sluggett stands alone. We have Mr. Cobb and 
Mr. Webb, but not the two united. The families of 
Spider, Moth, Nat, Wasp, Magot, &c, remain in 
England. One Natt was plaintiff in a suit reported 
3 Mo. Rep. 404. In our records (L. 18, f. 261) is a 
deed from Mr. Robert Flea. Mr. Fleeman lives at 
East Wilton, N.H. A London edition of the " Vicar 



NAMES FROM INSECTS, REPTILES, ETC. 125 

of Wakefield " was printed in 1843 by Fley. The 
newspapers of May, 1857, mention that Aaron Bed- 
bug, of Montgomery County, Ky., proposes to change 
his name. Mr. Wirm is found in Middleton, Vt. ; 
Mr. Wurm, at Trumbull, Conn., and also in New 
York. Mr. Wormstall was a colonist in 1653. Sir 
Richard Worme lies buried in Peterborough Cathe- 
dral. We have Worms. New York gave a home to 
the noble Irish exile, — Emmett. 

Reptiles have never been favorites, from the serpent 
of old to " the ugly and venomous toad ; " and few of 
our names are derived from this source. We have, 
however, Leech, Blackleach, and Adderly ; and 
Mr. Adino Paddock will be remembered among us 
as long as the trees shall flourish which he planted by 
the Granary Burying-Ground. We have Nute and 
Newts ; and in England is found a family of Black- 
adder. We have Bott; and the Hon. J. M. Botts 
is one of the most distinguished statesmen of Vir- 
ginia. 

Two families of Black adder live in Montreal ; Mr. 
Snake, at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Dragon, at Freilighs- 
burg, C.E. ; and Mr. Toad, at Philadelphia. 

Dane's "^Abridgment " cites law-cases of Messrs. 
Mutton, Steed, Tabb, Mouse, Cud, Storke, Crop, 
Feathers, and Mussel, and a suit of Adderly versus 
Sparrow. 

The Bible informs us that man originally gave to 
the beasts of the field and the fowls of the air their 



126 A DEBT PAID. 

names. * The debt has certainly been repaid in these 
later times : they have given to man all their names 
back again. 

* Gen. ii. 20: "And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, 
and to every beast of the field." 



127 



CHAPTER XVI. 

NAMES FROM THE FACE OF NATURE. 

The face of nature has been ransacked for names. 
We have Gee (Greek for " earth ") ; and Mr. Terra 
(Latin for " earth ") died in 1853. We have Highland, 
Hiland, Hyland, Hight, Heitz, Hill, Greenhill 
(L. 36, f. 194, and in 1656), Hilly, Hills, Hillyard, 
Hilliard, Hillard, Hilbourn, Hilborn, Rock, Peak, 
Peake, Peaks, Craig, Craigie, Cragg, Mountain, 
Mount, Berg (the German for " mountain "), Ridg- 
way, Ridge (1632), Shortridge (1671), Cliff, Cut- 
cliff, Clift, Rock, Stone, Huddleston, Masse, 
Massy, Rockwood, Hubbell, Bigwood, Underhill, 
Underwood, Knowles, Croft, Vale, Vail, Wood- 
side, Woodburn, Dell, Ramsdell, Dale, Moulds- 
dale, Archdale, Littledale, Hayden, Dryden, 
Denne, Pentland, Borland (*. e., " Boarland "), 
CouLAND (1659), Wayland, Weinland, Woodland 
(L. 588, f. 32), Sweetland, Shankland, Glen, Glenn, 
Vallee, Level, Bower, Bowers, Acres, Hoaker, 
Desert, Close, and Ager (" a field "), (Mr. Close 
lives at Calais, Me. ; Mr. Glens lives at Salisbury, 
Conn.) ; Field, with its compounds, Moorfield, 



128 names from the face of nature. 

Greenfield (1644), Bayfield, Bloomfield, Brom- 
field, Mansfield, Marshfield (1640), Widdifield 
("wide field"), Winefield, Wakefield, Layfield, 

BUTTERFIELD, LlTTLEFIELD, MeRRIFIELD, FAIRFIELD, 

Barnfield, &c. ; Fields, Fieldy, Platt, Groves, 
Lee, Bentley, Longley, Bradley, Brickley, Hirst, 
Wheatland, Hedgeland (Lib. 381), Shaw, Brad- 
shaw, Orchard ; Park, Parks, and its compounds, 
Parker, Parkhurst, Parkman, &c. ; Garden, Bon- 
garten, Downs, Pebbles, Heath, Moor, Moorhead, 
Muirhead, Mum, Mead, Meads, Ashmead, Mea- 
dow, Moras, Boggs, Bogg, Bogman, Moat, Dyke, 
Dike, Dikes, Dykes, Dam, Marsh, Whitmarsh 
(i.e., "white marsh"), Clay, Clays, Barclay (i.e., 
" bare clay "), Marl, Peat, Peet, Peets, Fenn, 
Reedy, Sedgwick, Sedgley, Sedgely, Reil, Mudd, 
Myer, Myers, &c. 

Hon. Mr. Barkdale's wig on the floor of Congress 
will be an object of historic interest to our children's 
children. 

Mr. Grove lives at East Abington. Mr. Cole- 
grove is a graduate of Yale. England has its 
Littlewood and Wheatcroft. Meadowcraft (i.e., 
" meadow-croft ") lives in North Andover. Mr. 
Grandfield made a deed in Essex County. Mr. and 
Mrs. Woodifield arrived here from the Cape of Good 
Hope, December, 1857. Barnfield's Poems were 
published in London in 1818. We have Bloom- 
field's Poems and Bloomfield's Greek Testament. 



NAMES FROM THE FACE OF NATURE. 129 

Lieut-Gen. Grinfield subscribed for Chauchard's 
maps ; as did also Mr. Heather, and Hon. Capt. 
Wingfield of the Coldstream Guards. C. J. Stub- 
blefield is Attorney of the Thirteenth Circuit Court 
of Tennessee (1857). Ann Oldfield was a celebrated 
English actress. 

Sir Henry Frankland owned a splendid mansion 
in Boston a hundred years ago ; and that name is 
found at Toronto, C.W. Buckland is an eminent 
geologist. In the Harvard Catalogue of 1773 is 
" Waterland, D.D., all his Works, — six vols. 4to." 
William Middleditch, Sergeant-Major of the Grena- 
dier Guards, died in the year 1834. There is, 
in New Jersey, a Mr. Middleditch ; and that name is 
found at St. Mary's, C.W. J. B. Gardenhire is At- 
torney of the First Circuit in Missouri. The Chief 
Justice of Texas is named Hemphill. Blooming- 
dale is found in New York, both as a name and a 
place. In that city are also found families of Glade, 
Plains, Plaines, Plateaux, Winfield, Wingrove. 
Mr. Lacus (" a marsh ") lives in New York ; as do 
also families of Landsdown, Laun, Lawny, one single 
Lea, Longbotham, Sidebottom, Martindale, Sand, 
Sandland, Stones, Stoney, Stoneall, Rocker, 
Rockefeller, Rocks, Peack, and Pebble. In the 
Tennessee Senate (November, 1857), Mr. Good- 
pasture presented a memorial from the citizens of 
Scott County. England has its Gladstone, and New 
York its Livingstone, — varieties not known to the 

17 



130 NAMES FROM THE FACE OF NATURE. 

geologist. Mr. Gravelly arrived in Boston in a 
Cunard steamer, August, 1857 ; as did a Mr. Long- 
mire in June, 1857. The firm of Longmire and 
Brooke failed in Philadelphia, September, 1857. Mr. 
Slough was, in 1857, expelled from the Ohio House 
of Eepresentatives. U. S. Mudd is Solicitor of the 
Courts of Alabama. Mr. Mudridge lives in Au- 
gusta, Me. Mr. Bogly lives at Rockland, Me. Dr. 
Gushee was a physician in 1839. Mr. Longacre is 
an officer of the mint at Philadelphia. Alabama has 
its Judge Shortridge. Lieut. Greenhill, of the 
British service in Persia, was wounded in 1857. 
There is an English author named Oldacre. Mr. 
Meadows published a work on China in 1856. La 
Grange was a distinguished French astronomer. 
Cave is a name familiar in English literature. There 
are six families of that name in Philadelphia ; where 
is also found Mr. Mines. Mr. Cartland lives at 
Windham, Me. ; Mr. Douney, at Kivkland, Me. Mr. 
Mountain wrote in 1800 ; Mr. Saltmarshe, in 
1639. Netherclift's "Autographs" was published 
in London, 1855. Cumberland was a distinguished 
English dramatist. Sir Ferdinando Gorges was 
interested in the early settlement of our country. Mr. 
Hindmarsh was one of Miss Jones's subscribers. 
Three suits are pending (July, 1857) against Mr. 
Claystone. Both Mr. Aker and Mr. Ragland were 
lost in the "Central America" (1857); as was Mr. 
Lowenthal (or " the valley of the lions "). Mr. Thick- 






NAMES FROM THE FACE OF NATURE. 131 

stone, of Meadville, Perm., was one of Agassiz' sub- 
scribers ; as was also Mr. Baumgarten (or " the 
tree-garden "), of St. Louis, and Mr. Cowley (or 
" cow-meadow "). This name is also well known in 
English literature. Mr. Learock lived in Salem. 
Mr. Diggins, of Cincinnati, should emigrate to Cali- 
fornia. Rev. Dr. Landend was a subscriber to 
Thomson's " Seasons ; " as was also John Purling, 
Esq. A Mr. Saltmarsh lives at Canton, Mass. ; Mr. 
Hardaker, at West Roxbury; Mr. Greenacre, at 
Bangor, Me. Among the Massachusetts physicians 
are Dr. Bottom and Mr. Rosenthal (or " valley of 
roses "). Mr. Prairie, strange to say, has gone to 
Canada, being domiciled at St. Athanase, C.E. Mr. 
Sandridge is a member of Congress. Mr. Craighead 
was a graduate at Harvard. 

In Philadelphia I find families of Hihill, Rock- 
hill, Parkhill, Summit ; twelve families of Mount, 
seven of Mountain, and two of Mounteny ; Hight, 
Hightsman, Boulder, Knoll; Hemphill is a common 
name there ; Longbottom, Pitchbottom, Rams bot- 
tom, and Sidebottom ; Bottomley (i. e., " bottom- 
meadow "), Chasm, Witmire (t. e., " white mire "), 
Lookmire, Lymire, Naymire, Overmire, Cragmire, 
Colmire, Whitemarsh, Marley, Slough, Dytch, 
Clayborn, Claypool, Holm, Vinyard, Dingle, 
Hallbower, Valley, Airth, Downey, Downie, 
Downy, Singlewood, Smallwood, Thistlewood, 
Woodland, four families of Shankland, Woodside, 



132 NAMES FROM THE FACE OF NATURE. 

Acor, Longacre, Welbank, and Wellbank. Mr. 
Hillocks lives at Cloverhill, C.W. Messrs. High- 
field, Highland, and Hillman live at Quebec ; Mr. 
Ruffridge, at Seebringsville, C.W. ; Mr. Riehill, at 
Toronto, C.W. Mr. Terace lives at Dresden, C.W. ; 
Mr. Rockey, at Port Stanley, C.W. Gravel is a 
very common name in Canada, no less than seventeen 
families being found in Montreal. It is also found in 
Philadelphia. Mr. Stones lives at Mount Pleasant,* 
C.W. Mr. Brookmire lives at Leskard, C.W. Mo- 
rasse is found at Cap Sante, C.E., and at Montreal ; 
Mr. Peat, at Lowville, C.W., and Mr. Peatt, at 
Bowmanville, C.W. ; Mr. Ditchfield, at New Dur- 
ham, C.W, ; Messrs. Rowbottom and Shorediche, at 
Quebec. Mr. Longbottom, of Canada, took out a 
patent in 1852. Laun, of Campbellscross, C.W., 
and elsewhere, perhaps should be classed here, rather 
than with articles of dress: it has also an episcopal 
sound. Mr. Henwood lives at Cobourg, C.W. ; Mr. 
Middlewood, at Hamilton, C.W. ; Mr. Orchard, at 
Drummondville, C.W. ; Mr. Overfield, at Dundas, 
C.W. ; Mr. Oldfield, at Dunville, C.W. Both 
Crowhurst and Crowley are found in Montreal ; 
also Greenfield, Meadowcroft, and Sandilands. 
Mr. Maybank lives at Port Hope, C.W. ; Mr. Sunley, 
at Guelph, C.W. ; Mr. Drysdale, at Hamilton, C.W. 
Messrs. Heathfield and Goodacre live at London, 
C.W. 

We have Glyde, Rivers, Currant, Flood, Water, 



names from the face of nature. 133 

Waters, Brooks, Glassbrook, Tinbrooks, Pond, 
Pool, Pooly (1635), Lake, Beck, Tarne (1644), 
Burn, Lakeman, Fountain, Lynn, Woodlin, Pons 
(" a bridge "), Bridge, Woodbridge, Brassbridge, 
and Ferry ; Ford, and its compounds, Paddleford, 
Bradford, Buckford (1665), Beckford, Gulliford 
(L. 37, f. 202), Hayford (707, f. 73), Woodford, 
Mudford, Langford, Oakford, Hickford, Hugge- 
ford, holford, mugford, clifford, mountford, 
and Fordin ; Seaward, Wade, Wady, Drown, Eddy, 
Channel, Sands, Sandy, Sand, Seawall (1675), 
Bar, Whorf, Beach, Pebbles, Shores, Shore (L. 63, 
f. 237), Durivage, Strand, Capewell, Haven, Banks, 
Fairbank, Fairbanks, Milbank, Millbanks, Wells, 
Horse well (L. 713, f. 291), Condit, &c. Harvard 
has its Professor Horsford. Our lamented Crawford 
stood pre-eminent as a sculptor. Mr. Blackford was 
a sailmaker in our navy in 1849. Mr. Main died on 
shore, and is buried in the Granary Burying-Ground. 
Sir Charles Eastlake published a treatise on oil- 
painting. Jane Shore is an historical personage. 
We have a Mr. Elm Burnside. Mr. Cove lives in 
Burke, Vt. ; Mr. Shoals, at East Hampton, Mass. 
Sir James Muddiford was active in introducing coffee 
into general use in London. Rev. Mr. Breaker, of 
Beaufort, S.C., states that he can easily baptize four 
black converts in a minute. A Mr. Wash lives at 
Powhattan, Va. ; and Mr. Outwater, at Syracuse and 
in New-York City. Mr. Spray was a tenor-singer of 



134 • NAMES FROM THE FACE OF NATURE. 

note in the last century. Dane cites the case of Mr. 
Freshwater. Aquaviva (" living water ") was born 
three hundred years ago. In England are families of 
Gravel, Isle, Ore, Rill, and River. Mr. Garden 
subscribed to the " Odyssey." Mr. Fountain lives at 
Marblehead ; and the name is common in New York. 
Both Mr. Waterworks and Mi*. Waterfall appear 
in our Directory for 1857. Mr. Pebble lives at 
Natick. Mr. Harbour graduated at Harvard, as did 
Mr. Lea. A deed in L. 42 is executed by Harbour ; 
and this name is still found at Woodford, Vt., and in 
Montreal and Philadelphia. Mr. Coast lives in New 
York. Mr. Coldwell is a clergyman in Standish, Me. 
Mr. Fishpool, of New Baltimore, Mich., failed in 
1857 ; as did also Mr. Bay, of Iowa. Rev. Richard 
Smallbrook, LL.D., was a subscriber to Jones's " Mis- 
cellanies ; " as were also Rev. Mr. Smalwell, and 
William Midford, Esq. Poole's "Annotations," 
in folio, appears on the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. 
Mr. Bankhead was in our navy in 1849. In New 
York I find several families of Billow, Clearwater, 
and Corral ; also Lingwater, Ripple, Water, 
Watrous, Gully, Sea, Coast, Shore, Sedgy, Seggie, 
and Ore. 

Mr. Midford lives at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Black- 
ford and Mr. Playford, at Philadelphia ; Mr. Ful- 
ford, at Brighton, C.W., and at London, C.W., where 
also lives a Mr. Glassford. Rev. Mr. Fishburn 
lives at Buttonville, C.W. ; Mr. Seaburn, at Collin- 



NAMES FROM THE FACE OF NATURE. 135 

wood, C.W. ; Mr. Lightburn, at Cobourg, C.W. Eev. 
Mr. Broadwater is settled at Hamilton, C.W. ; the 
same name, as before mentioned, being fonnd in Phi- 
ladelphia. Mr. Lambrook lives at Exeter, C.W. ; Mr. 
Hornibrook, at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Caldbeck, at 
Weston, C.W. Mr. Islet lives at Montreal ; Mr. 
Isles, at Philadelphia. Mr. Quay lives at Arthur, 
C.W. In Jessels " Court of England," in his Memoir 
of Beau Fielding, mention is made of Mrs. Streights. 
In Philadelphia I find Mr. Braker, Mr. Seas, Mr. 
Channel, Mr. Shoar, Longshore, &c. ; and Pan- 
coast is a common name in that city. Mr. Sea lives 
in Peoria, 111. (1858). 



136 



CHAPTER XVII. 

NAMES FROM TREES, FRUITS, AND VEGETATION. 

We have Forest, Chase (" a forest "), Wood, Woods, 

BlGWOOD, RoCKWOOD, WoODDY, WoODLEY (1636), 

Tree, Pollard, Hedge, Oaks, Oakes, Oakeman 
(1658), Oakman, Holyoke, Elm, Elms, Ellms, Pyne, 
Pine, Pineo, Ash, Ashe, Ashcroft, Ashley, Birch, 
Birchmore, Beech, Beecher, Beeching, Beechey? 
Chesnut, Chestnutwood, Crabtree, Cork, Cyprus, 
Hawthorne, Hazell, Hazleton, Furze, Hollie, 
Holly, Holley, Popalardo, Aspenwall, Alder- 
church, Lyme, Lind ("lime"), and Lindenbauer. 
Frances Tree was planted here in 1667. Miss Ellen 
Tree has played at our theatres. Mr. Goldtree, not 
paying a demand, was sued at the March Term of our 
Superior Court (1858). Mr. Oak lives at Amesbury; 
Mr. Trees, at Lawrence. Like the English Reviewer, 
I find no Fir or Larch. Nor have we the Ivy or 
Myrtle. Mr. Myrtle and Mr. Ivey, however, both 
live in New York ; and Mr. Frank Myrtle was lost 
in the " Central America " (September, 1857). Among 
Reviews, none takes a higher rank than Blackwood's. 
A Mr. Blackwood lives at Providence. Woodfall 
was a celebrated English printer. 



NAMES FROM TREES, FRUITS, ETC. 137 

Among the public men of St. Louis, Mo., is Mr. 
.Palm ; and the fate of the German bookseller, 
Palm, executed in the time of Napoleon, awa- 
kened general sympathy. Mr. Ochiltree was a 
passed midshipman in our navy in 1849, — a name 
familiar to all readers of Scott's " Antiquary." Bloom- 
baum (" bloom-tree ") is found in New York ; as 
are also Hazelhurst, Walnut, Aspin, Lawrell, 
Lorell, Palm, and Pine. Bough is a very common 
name there. 

Mr. Maples is a graduate of Yale ; as are also Mr. 
Oakey and Mr. Oakley. Mr. Wellow (" willow 1 ") 
was admitted a freeman in 1666. Rev. Ralph Bride- 
oak, Rector of Abbotstock, Devon, subscribed for 
Jones's " Miscellanies ; " as did also Capt. Birch and 
Mr. Ash. Ash's Introduction to Lowth's English 
Grammar is in the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. The 
distinguished tragedian Forrest, and the charming 
Mrs. John Wood, both performed at the Boston 
Theatre, and boarded at the same hotel. A serenade 
was given ; and Mrs. Wood gracefully declined any 
share in this honor, saying that it was intended for 
the great forest, and not for the little wood. 

Mr. Blackwood lives at St. Thomas, C.W. ; Mr. 
Smallwood, at Montreal ; Mr. Shade, at Gait, C.W. ; 
Mr. Arbour, at St. Therese de Blainville, C.E. ; Mr. 
Alder, at Charleville, C.W., and also at Philadel- 
phia ; Mr. Hawthorn, at Milton, C.W. ; Mr. Ash- 
plant, at Montreal ; Mr. Almond, at Ottowa, C.W. 

18 



138 . NAMES FROM TREES, FRUITS, ETC. 

Both Almond and Allmond are found at Philadel- 
phia ; Mr. Ivey, at Owen Sound, C.W. ; Mr. Maples, 
at Port Hope, C.W. ; Mr. Furzer, at Kingston, 
C.W. ; Mr. Hazel and Mr. Willows, at Toronto. In 
Philadelphia I find families of Ashbash, Ashbridge, 

ASHBROOK, ASHBURN, AsHCRAFT, AsHMEED, ASPEN, 

Lime, Walnut, Syckelmore (" sycamore ! "), Green- 
tree, Rountree, Shady, and eight families of 
Shade. 

We have Woodward (" keeper of the forest "). 
Dr. Birch is the English historian of Louis Philippe. 
Mr. Burtch lives at Westford, Vt. ; and Mr. Burch, 
at Stonington, Conn. We have Berts ch ; hardly, 
however, derived from the tree. Mr. Cedarbloom 
hails from Portland. Among the subscribers to the 
Macklin Bible are the names of Linden and Beachey. 
Mr. Achorn lives at Lincolnville, Me. ; and Mr.. 
Acorn, at Newcastle, Me. Mr. Acorn also appears 
in our Directory for 1857. Mr. Wedge wood lives 
at Littlefield, Me. 

We have families of Moss, Mossman, Fearnes 
(1636), Redfern, Branch, Greenwood, Greenleaf, 
Topleaf, Maylief, Hemphill, Sheafe, Hay, Haycock, 
Rick, .Ricks, Straw, Wyeth, Bush, Reed, Reedy, 
Thissell, Thorn, Thorne, Langthorn, Thorndike, 
Thornton, Dorn (the German for " thorn "), Burr, 
Bryer, and Twigg. Mr. Twiggs was a captain 
of marines in 1839. Aaron Burr w r as Vice-Pre- 
sident of the United States. Fearne's " Contingent 



NAMES FROM TREES, FRUITS, ETC. . 139 

Remainders " is one of the ablest law-books ever 
written. 

Dr. Snodgrass was medical attendant of Edgar A. 
Poe ; and there are eleven families of that name 
in Philadelphia. Mr. Plant lives at New Bed- 
ford. A Mr. Bushey lives in Maine ; Mr. Brier, at 
Belfast, Me. ; Mr. Grass, at Brunswick, Me. ; Mr. 
Bush way, at North Craftsbury, Conn. In L. 105 is 
a deed to Consider Osyer. Both Plant and Leaf 
are graduates of Yala Leaf and Leafy live in 
Philadelphia. Leaf, Son, and Co. are a London 
firm (1857). Mr. Woodlief had a case decided in 
Washington (1858). Mr. Rowan was lieutenant in 
our navy in 1849. Mr. Clover lives at St. Louis, Mo. 
On Beechey Island rest the remains of William Cut- 
bush, who died in 1853. Mr. Cutbush was a sur- 
geon at West Point. In the New-York Directory are 
Messrs. Heather, Haw, Haws, Fern, Ferns, Furze, 
Twigg, Twiggs, &c. Mr. Sheaves lives at Kingston, 
C.W. ; and Mr. Shortreed, at Scotchblock, C.W. 

Mr. Copperthorn goes both into the mineral and 
vegetable kingdom. This remark applies to Mr. Sil- 
verthorn, of West Goshen, Conn. Miss Plumbtree 
was a subscriber to Thomson's "Seasons." Plumptre's 
Songs were published in 1805 ; Moss's Sermons in 
1732, and Moss's Bibliography in 1837; also Seed's 
Discourses in 1745. Seads, Seeds, and Seed, all 
live in Philadelphia; and Mr. Seeds also lives at 
Oneida, C.W. In the Harvard Catalogue of 1773, I 



140 NAMES FROM TREES, FRUITS, ETC. 

find " Seed's (Jeremiah) Sermons, 8vo, 4 vols." Mr. 
Seeds, of Newport, Ky., was arrested for murder 
(December, 1857). Among the law-students at Har- 
vard are Moss and Hacock. Mr. Sprigge was an 
author in 1748, as was Mr. Vine in 1657. Both 
Sprigg and Spriggs are found in New York ; and 
Sprigg and Sprigman, in Philadelphia. Mr. Blossom 
made a deed (L. 491, f. 127). Mr. Sapp is, as we 
have seen, a member of Congress. He doubtless 
derives his name from vegetables, rather than from 
mental qualities. 

We have Bloom, Bloomfield, Blossom, Bud, 
Budd, Sprout, Twigg,* Vines, Langberry (1674), 

WOODBERRY, MULBERRY (L. 98, f. 16), TaCKABERRY, 

Berry, Mayberry, Hull, Podd, Nut, Nutt, Nutts, 
Nutze, Nutting, Tufts, Burr, Cobb, Kob,. Husk, 
Furss, Root, Hoots, Stubbles, and Stumpf. Miss 
Stump died in 1832. Henry Stump is Judge of the 
Baltimore Criminal Court (1857). Mr. Nutman is a 
graduate of Yale. Mr. Peanot (" pea-nut'? ") lived in 
Buffalo, N.Y., in 1855. George Wythe was a signer of 
the Declaration of Independence. Mr. Berryman and 
Mr. Eootes were in our navy in 1849. Mr. Sprout, 
of Rutland, proves not to have been murdered. Mr. 
Blooms lives at Bath, Me. Snagg, though so ap- 
propriate for our Western States, is found only in 
England ; where are also families of Stick, Pole, &c. 
Walpole is eminent. Both Pole and Walpole are 
found in New York. Tendril's and Shrubb's cases 



NAMES FROM TREES, FRUITS, ETC. 141 

are cited by Dane. Among our hymns is one written 
by Shrubsole. We have Stackpole, Stack, and 
Wagstaff. Miss Stickman was married in Boston 
in August, 1857. Mr. Pole was admitted a freeman 
(1666). Both Stick and Sticker are found in the 
Buffalo Directory of 1855. Mr. John Bickerstaff 
subscribed for Chauchard's maps. Mr. Longstaff 
lives in New York ; also Messrs. Rutley, Stubb, 
Stubbs, Stubbings, and Stump. 

Mr. Biggerstaff lives in Philadelphia ; Mr. Staff, 
at Petersburg, C.W. ; Mr. Langstaff, at North 
Augusta, C.W., and at Weston, C.W. ; Mr. Long- 
staff, at Carlisle, C.W. Messrs. Stack, Stackwell, 
and Stick, all live at Hamilton, C.W. ; and Mr. 
Claypole and Mr. Glasspole, at London, C.W. 
Mr. Heather lives at Montreal ; Mr. Vine, at Na- 
panee, C.W. ; Mr. Budds, at Kingston, C.W. Mr. 
Muckelberry lives at Toronto. Mr. Berrier was 
graduated at West Point. At Philadelphia I find 
families of Buddy, Stem, Stump, Tuft, and Viney, 
&c. ; Berriman, Berryman, and Galberry. 

We have Gage, Currant, Orange, Peeling, Lem- 
mon, Appell, Appleton, Applebaum (" apple-tree "), 
Applegate, Peach, Peachy, Pears, Pear, Pear- 
main, Perry, Backall, Pippin, Plumley, and 
Quincy. I find various deeds from Samuel Plumb 
(L. 376, &c). Mr. Apple was, in 1857, appointed 
Assistant Superintendent at Mount-Auburn Ceme- 
tery. The papers of the same week (November, 1857) 



142 NAMES FROM TREES, FRUITS, ETC. 

mention the death of Mrs. Pear at Cambridgeport, 
and the destruction, by fire, of Mr. Apple's green- 
house in Cambridge. Mr. Beatley lives at Norwalk, 
Conn. Peach is a very common name in Salem ; 
where is also found Mr. Currants. Rev. Mr. Cherry 
was obliged to leave Georgia in July, 1857. There 
is a Dr. Eynd in Dublin. Mr. Rhind was a passed 
midshipman in our navy in 1849. Rhind's "Egypt" 
was published in Edinburgh. Mr.. Peeling is in our 
Directory of 1857. Shattuck is a common name 
among us ; perhaps derived from Shaddock, a fruit 
like an orange. We have also Chaddock. In New 
York are found families of Apple, Appleby, Apple- 
gate, and Appleyard ; Figge, Filbert, Mellon, 
Olive, Plum, and Quincey. Miss Peach was one of 
Miss Jones's subscribers. Mr. Figgs lives at Hamil- 
ton, C.W. ; Mr. Figg, at London, C.W. The very 
peculiar name of Sweetapple is found at Toronto, 
C.W. In Philadelphia I find families of Grape, 
Plum, Rasin, and Messrs. Coar and Core. Mellon 
is a very common name in that city ; where I also 
find Appledom, and twenty families of Apple. 

Among our fellow-citizens are Rev. Mr. Posey ; 
also Messrs. Flower, Flowers, Garland, Rose, 
Rosengarten (i. e., " garden of roses "), Rosenfeld 
("field of roses"), Tansey, Lily, Lilley, Lillie, Lilly- 
man, Jessamine, Dasey, Pinks, Pinkman, Sorrell, 
Fennel, Mallows, Weed, and Nettle. Mr. Marigold 
lived in Buffalo, N.Y., in 1855. Col. Bouquet was 



NAMES FROM FLOWERS, ETC. 143 

an able officer in the Indian war of 1763. Mr. Leek 
is a clergyman in Brooklyn, Conn. ; as is the Rev. 
Mr. Greenslit at Killingly, Conn. There was an 
English writer named Nettles in 1625. Mr. Prim- 
rose was passenger in a late steamer ; and five 
families of that name are found in Philadelphia. We 
have Chard. Mr. Cress is studying at Harvard 
Scientific School ; and fifteen families of that name 
live at Philadelphia. 

The name of Kingrose is found in England. Mrs. 
Colomblne was one of Miss Jones's subscribers ; as 
was also James Viney, Esq. In London there are 
families of Rackstraw, Clover, Pluckrose, and 
Peascod. The French barber-poet is Mr. Jasmyn. 
Gillyflower printed the Life of Richelieu (1693). 
Miss Bronte had an aunt, Mrs. Fennel. Families of 
Fennel and Fennell are found in Philadelphia. 
Rose's Biographical Dictionary was published in 
London in 1850. Agnes Sorel was the favorite of a 
French monarch four centuries ago. Blumenbach 
(or " the flowery stream ") is the name of a German 
naturalist. Mr. Rosenbush, of Rockville, Conn., 
failed in October, 1857. In the New- York Directory 
I find families of Melrose and Bosquet ; Leek, Pink, 
Plant, and four specimens of Primrose ; one of 
Sandbloom (or " the flower of the desert ") ; one 
of Wead; and no less than forty-nine families of 
Weed. 

Mr. Rosebush lives at Stirling, C.W. ; and Mr. 



144 NAMES FROM VEGETATION. 

Vinebush, at Edmondsville, C.W. : both very peculiar 
names. Mr. Marigold lives at Brentford, C.W. ; 
Mr. Latulippe, at Coteau St. Louis, C.E. ; Messrs. 
Maybell and Daze, at Montreal. At Philadelphia 
I find the names of Plant, Daisey, and Vannela. 

In the vegetable line we have McGranary (1857), 
Corne (234, f. 175), Alcorn, Smallcorn (L. 492, 
f. 48), Bean, Been, Beens, Vetch, Onion, Bietz, 
Millet, Wheat, Wheatly, Pease, Eyland, Eice, 
Oatman, and Parshley. Thomas Cornhill was 
licensed as an innholder (1638). Mr. Beans lives at 
Westbrook, Me. A pupil at Groton Academy, in 
1848, was named Carret. Peter Grain died at 
Jersey City in September, 1857. Mrs. Graine was a 
subscriber to Miss Jones's book; as were also Mr. 
Eye and Mr. Bulbeet. Mr. George Eye lives at 
Shenandoah, Va. Ehy's Account of Spain and Por- 
tugal is in the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. Ey- 
land's Life of Kitto appeared in 1856. Mr. Eye was 
an English writer in 1719. Berryman was an 
English engraver. Two of Chauchard's subscribers 
are named Parslee. Flaxman is distinguished in 
the world of art. At St. Giles-in-the-Fields is a 
monument to Susannah Barly. Tennessee has its 
Bishop Otey. The family of Tare was early sowed 
among us (1679), but is believed to have been long 
since rooted out. Thistlewood suffered in England 
as a traitor (1820). Mr. Bulby arrived here in a 
Cunard steamer, October, 1857. Mr. Weeden was 



NAMES FROM VEGETATION. 145 

a sailmaker in our navy in 1849. Mr. Grassie lives 
in Illinois. 

New York has its Police-officer Beany ; also Mr. 
Beeny and Mr. Allcorn ; and I find there families of 
Barbary, Beete, Beetson, Beety, Bran, Corn, Clo- 
ver, Cropp, Grain (very common), Grist, Gourd, 
Grass, Maize, Bycroft, Oats, Lettish, Podmore, 
Sause (i. e., " vegetables "), Spinnage, Thistle, This- 
tledon, Tares, Rick, and three families of Straw. 

Mr. Grist lives at Quebec. Families of Corn are 
found at Montreal and at Philadelphia. Mr. Oats 
lives at Portland, C.W. ; Mr. Oatman, at Springford, 
C.W. There are nine families of Oat in Philadel- 
phia ; also Mr. Bran, Mr. Reap, Messrs. Grane, 
Grain, Alcorn, Grass, &c. ; four families of Bram- 
ble ; and Mr. Nettle. Mr. Beatson lives at To- 
ronto. 

Prof. Wheatstone has been a greater producer 
than his name would indicate. Mr. Bran lives at 
West Gardiner, Me. Oat is found in England ; as 
are also Herbage, Grain, Rye, Barley, Beet, Bar- 
berry, Bramble, Cabbage, Melon, Quince, Olive, 
Peach, Chestnut, Cranberry, Grapes, Hemp, Seed, 
Seeds, Pink, Tulip, Violets, and Spinnage. Mr. 
Krout was lately killed in Williston, Me. ; and 
there is a live Krout in Philadelphia. Mr. Parsley 
lives at East Sangerville, Me. ; Mr. Lentell, at 
Spencer, Mass. Titus Oates has an undesira- 
ble celebrity. The Governor of Texas in 1856 is 

19 



146 NAMES FROM VEGETATION. 

named Pease. Mr. Pease, of New York, is cele- 
brated in connection with the Five-Points Mission. 
One of our first families is Peabody. The munifi- 
cence of the London banker of that name is well 
known. The pilgrim who lightened his penance by 
boiling his pease before he put them in his shoes, and 
who, while saving his soul, thus also saved his body, 
may perhaps have been the progenitor of this family. 
Joseph Peas was a subscriber to Thomson's " Sea- 
sons." Pea itself is found at Salem, Conn. Cicer, 
cicera, means, in Latin, " chickpea ; " and the great 
orator of antiquity, Cicero, was, to his contempora- 
ries, only the eloquent Mr. Pea. 



147 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

NAMES FROM THE ELEMENTS; FROM HEAT, COLD, AND FUEL; 
AND FROM POINTS OF THE COMPASS. 

The elements have been laid under contribution. 
Thus we have families of Ayer, Winde, Breeze, 
Gale, Lull, Blitz (" lightning "), Storm, Storms, 
Raines (1653), Raney (L. 181, f. 52), Rayne, Rane, 
Rayner, Reinhard, Sleater, Hail, Shower (L. 67, 
f. 207), Flood, Hayes, Hays, Hase, Haase, Dew, 
Dewey, Fogg, Whetter, Philbrook, Wetmore ; 
also Bath, Colbath, Dowse, Swab, Washer, 
Fries, Freese, Defriez, Chilley, Knipplng, Frost, 
Snow, Flake (L. 189, f. 257), Lowry, Bleakley, 
and Fairweather. We have also Weatherwax 
(L. 306) and Weatherly (L. 45, f. 112). Mr. 
Merriwether is Governor of the Territory of New 
Mexico (1856). Thomas Lightnin, of Valley Forge, 
R. I., was assassinated in California (June, 1857). 
Donner (German for " thunder ") was a distinguished 
Austrian sculptor. Hegel (German for " hail ") was 
an eminent philosopher. Mr. Gayle was a midship- 
man in our navy in 1849 ; as was also Mr. Rainey. 
Bleeker is a common name in New York : where I 



148 NAMES FROM THE ELEMENTS. 

also find Bleak, Bleakhorn, Bleakie, Bleakley, 
Blow and Blew, Gust, Rain, Rains, Rainbold, 
Wash, Washman, Washmore, Docker, Reaker, 
Showry, Hail, Haill, &c. I find there eighteen 
families of Storm, and twenty-two families of Storms ; 
also Tempest. Mr. Jetter, of that city, has also an 
aqueous name. Both Mr. Rains and Mr. Haile are 
graduates of Yale. 

It is a remarkable coincidence of name and office, 
that Mr. Wetmore should have been for many years 
Chairman of our Cochituate Water Board. In like 
manner, Mr. Rein hard was, some years since, a water- 
carrier ; and on his ambulatory cart was painted the 
advertisement, — " W. Reinhard : soft water." Mr. 
Hail lives at Brandon, Vt. ; Mr. Foggs, at Readfield, 
Me. John Rainbow was a carpenter in our navy in 
1849. The names of Thunder, Freeze, Mist, Rain- 
bow, Shade, &c, are found in England. The name 
of Miss Bronte, the novelist, is the Greek for " thun- 
der." Edward Hailstone, Esq., is a collector named 
in Shaw's work on " Decorative Art." Rev. Prof. 
Hailstone is one of Chauchard's subscribers ; as is 
also Rev. Dr. Raine. Among the subscribers to 
Thomson's " Seasons " is John Tempest, Esq. ; and 
Nichols's " Progresses " mentions two knights named 
Tempest. That name is also found in Philadelphia. 
Mr. Wind lives in Peoria, 111. (1858); and Mr. 
Thunder is in the Directory of Buffalo, N.Y., for 
1855. Mr. Storm, of Boston, was an eminent en- 



NAMES FROM THE ELEMENTS. 149 

graver. Mr. Weatherspoon made a deed (L. 569, 
f. 301). Mr. Baptist, of New York, found himself 
financially submerged in 1857. Dr. Fludd wrote in 
England in lb31 ; and Shower, in 1692. Shower's 
Reports are well known in the law. Messrs. Gush 
and Sluce live in London (1858). Spirt's case is 
cited by Dane. Rev. J. Raine lived in Dublin in 
1828 ; and Mr. Rendrop w r as a subscriber to the 
Macklin Bible. Messrs. Crack live at Edwardsburg, 
C.W., and at Putnam, C.W. Col. Leake has pub- 
lished a work on Greek coins. Mr. Leeksin lives in 
New York. Ingulphus was an ancient abbot of 
Croyland. 

Mr. Dippie lives at Montreal. In Philadelphia 
are four families of Dripps, and Mr. Wipen. Mr. 
Reekin lives at Pefferlow, C.W. ; Messrs. Dowse and 
Ducker, at London, C.W. Mr. Aires lives at Phila- 
delphia ; Mr. Blow, at South Mountain, C.W. I also 
find, in Philadelphia, two families of Thunder, seven 
of Trinkle, and Mr. Thaw. Mr. Fog lives at To- 
ronto, C.W. Belleau (or " beautiful water ") is very 
common in Quebec; where I also find Mr. Rain and 
Mr. Hailstrip. Mr. Snowball 4ives at St. George's, 
C.W., and is probably a black man. Mr. Flake 
lives at Stevensville, C.W. ; Mr. Sleet, at Stratford, 
C.W. ; Mr. Rain both, at Papineauville, C.E. 

We have Sparks, Furness, Bellows, Frye, Fry, 
Flaming (L. 536, f. 221), Burn, Burns, Burnap, 

BlRNER, BlRNSTILL, BURNETT, BURNHAM, McBuRNEY, 



150 names from heat, fuel, etc. 

Het, Hett, Heaton, Heten, Heater, Heaty (1650), 
Hotty (Lib. 131), Boyle, Boylen, Blazo, Parcher, 
Crisp, Crispin, and Crispy. T. Brand, of London, 
subscribed for the Macklin Bible. A family of 
Brand resides at St. Louis, and also at Norwich, 
Conn. ; and one was a passed midshipman in our 
navy in 1849. Mr. Crisp was an author in 1704; 
and Mr. Hett, in 1824. Miss Lightup lives in Lon- 
don (1858). Rev. Thomas Fry, D.D., Fellow of St. 
John's College, subscribed for Jones's " Miscellanies ; " 
as did also Miss Dewe. Sir Nicholas Crispe erected 
a monument to Charles I. Mr. Stive was passenger 
in a Cunard steamer (1857). In the New- York 
Directory I find Mr. Blase, Mr. Rauch * (German 
for " smoke "), and even Mr. Whiteheat; as also Boil, 
Boiler, Brand, Brande, Fried, Friedman. As a 
relief to these names, we find Mr. Fanning. Both 
parts of Mr. August Fries's name seem indicative of 
heat. D. R. Byler lives at Morgentown, Pa. Squib's 
case is cited by Dane. Dr. Squibb, of the U. S. navy, 
delivered, in New York (July, 1857), some interesting 
remarks on chloroform. Mr. Rockett was admitted 
a freeman in 1666. The publication of Synge's 
works has been before alluded to (p. 59). In 
my library are several volumes which have the 
book-mark of Sir Edward Synge, Bart., a former 
owner. 

Fuel is extensively represented by Wood, Gass, 

* We have Kausch (1858). 



NAMES FROM HEAT. FUEL, ETC. 151 

Coke, Cokar, Cokely, Cole, Coale, Coley, Tarr, and 
Tarbox. Mr. Coal lives at Milford. In L. 268 is a 
deed of Mr. Cord. The family name of Lumber is 
found in England. John Chip appears in our Probate 
Records (L. 17, f. 34); and Mr. Chipp lives in New 
York ; as do also Mr. Cannel, Mr. Gathercole, Mr. 
Morewood. Mr. Sea wood, of New York, has not a 
very combustible sound. Messrs. Chip, Chippey, and 
Coal live in Philadelphia. Mrs. Seacole was popu- 
lar among the soldiers at the siege of Sebastopol: 
and among the London bankrupts of 1857 appears 
the same name ; it is to be hoped, not of the same 
person. Coke is one of England's greatest names 
in the law. 

Mr. Rosewharm lives at Hamilton, C.W. ; Mr. 
Wharm, at Blenheim, C.W. ; Mr. Heats, at Hills- 
borough, C.W. Three families of Ovens live at Kings- 
ton, C.W. ; and that name is found at Toronto, as is 
also Synge. Mr. Chillman lives at Hamilton, C.W. 
In Philadelphia I find Ovens, Ovenshire, and four 
families of Bakeoven ; Messrs. Blase, Brands, 
Firing,' Sinder, Broyler ; seven families of Fried, 
fifteen of Fries, and one of Friey ; also Messrs. 
Cooling, Colder, Chillman, and Shiver ; nineteen 
families of Freas, and one of Freeze. A Mr. Shivers 
lives at White Co., Va. Mr. Firebrace was a faith- 
ful follower of Charles I. In the Directory of Buffalo, 
N.Y., for 1855, are families of Burnup and Ovens. 
Rev. Jared Sparks, late President of Harvard College, 



152 NAMES FROM POINTS OF THE COMPASS. 

was formerly settled at the Unitarian church in Balti- 
more. Afterwards, the Rev. Messrs. Bellows, Fur- 
ness, and Greenwood temporarily officiated in the 
same pulpit ; and the fiery ministry continues with 
the Rev. Mr. Burnap, the present incumbent. 

The points of the compass are represented by Mr. 
Vane, Mr. North, Mr. Northey, Mr. Northend, 
Mr. Northstream ; Messrs. East, Easte, Easty 
(1673), Eastburn, Eastford, Eastham, Eastman ; 
Messrs. West, Westman, Westland (1659), West- 
ern, Westgate, &c. Mr. South has sent but very 
few representatives, so far, to the North, — perhaps 
because one William South was whipped and 
banished in 1638; yet I find Southard, Souther, 

SOUTHWORTH, SoUTHGATE, SOUTHLAND, SoUTHWICK, 
SOUTHACK, SoUTHALL, SOUTHWARD, and SOUTHERLY. 

Mr. Southmayd lives at Hartford, Conn. Mrs. 
Easterly's child fell out of a window in Boston in 
June, 1857. Sailors, in boxing the compass, use 
abbreviations, as " nor," " nor-east ; " and thus our 
name of Norcross may be " north cross." Wesley is 
" west lea," or " west meadow." Sir Henry Vane 
was as well known in the Old World as the New. 
England has had its Lord North, its Dr. South, its 
poets Southey and Southern, its painter West, its 
designer and draughtsman Westall, and its preacher 
Wesley. Rev. Mr. Westbrook is settled at Phila- 
delphia. In New York I find families of Westbrook, 
Westall, Wester, Westerfield, Westerman, West- 



names from points of the compass. 153 

fall, Westfield, Westlake, Westman, Westwood, 
&c. Our Mr. Westwood died in 1758. Mr. North- 
wood lives at Thamesville, C.W. ; Mr. Southwood, 
at Toronto, C.W. ; where I also find Mr. West- 
broom. 



20 



154 



CHAPTER XIX. 

NAMES FROM SEASONS, TIME, NUMERALS, DIMENSIONS, SPACE, &c. 

The seasons are seen in Mr. Spring, Mr. Summers, 
Mr. Winter, and Mr. Winters : Mr. Callender regu- 
lates them. We have also Mr. Summerfield, Mr. Win- 
terflood, and Mr. Goodyear. Mr. Hardyear was 
graduated at Yale in 1818. Mr. Summerbell is a 
clergyman in Somerset, Mass. Mr. Summerhays lives 
at Nantucket. Mr. Wintersmith is State Treasurer 
of Kentucky. In New York I find twenty-four fami- 
lies of Winter ; ten of Winters; also Winterbottom, 

WlNTERFIELD, WlNTERMUTE, and WlNTEROTH. Messrs. 

Winterbottom and Midwinter live in Philadelphia ; 
Mr. Summer, at Oakville, C.W. ; and Mr. Sommerlad, 
at Toronto, C.W. Mr. Yearly stands alone, Mr. 
Quarterly having remained in England. Both Mr. 
Yearey and Mr. Yeary live in Philadelphia. 
Mr. Weekley lives in New York. Dane cites 
the case of Mr. Weekly. We have Herbst (the 
German for " harvest ") ; also Herbest. Mr. 
Vernal lives at Vergennes, Vt. ; a Mr. Summer, at 
Norton; and another, at Milford, Mass. Harvest's 
Sermons were published in 1754. Mr. Christmas 



NAMES FROM SEASONS AND TIME. 155 

lives in Montreal. In Philadelphia I find families of 
Easter, and four families of Easterday. We have 
both Mr. Easter and Mr. Lent. Mr. Pentecost 
lives at Sudbury. Mr. Middlemiss lives at Elora, 
C.W., and at Sheffield, C.W. Mr. Past lives in 
New York ; and Mr. Date, of that city, seems to live 
in the past. 

The months have given us Messrs. March, May, 
Mildmay, Mayall, June, and Augustus. Mr. Au- 
gust lives in Philadelphia. We have Kinmonth ; 
which is, perhaps, equivalent to December, with its 
Christmas gatherings of kindred : and the yule-log is 
represented by Mr. Yule, of New York. I find, in 
that city, Mr. June, Mr. July, and many families of 
August. Mr. Mildmay is a graduate of Harvard. 
Mr. Mayson was in our marine corps in 1849. In 
England there are families of April and August ; 
also of Midwinter. Rev. Mr. Janvier (French for 
" January ") is Presbyterian missionary at Lodiana, 
India (1857) ; and Gen. Fabvier was born 1783. 
Some of our months are named from old Romans, — 
Junius, Julius, Augustus. 

Shorter periods give us Mr. Weeks, Mr. Day, Mr. 
Daley, Mr. Dailey, Mr. Doubleday, Mr. Holliday, 
and Mr. Hallowday. Mrs. Days lives at Drumbo, 
C.W. ; Mr. Dayman, at Elgin, C.W. ; Mr. Dayfoot, at 
Georgetown, C.W. ; Mr. Holyday, at Aurora, C.W. 
We have Knight ; and Night itself may be seen 
in L. 206, f. 8. Mr. Nox (" night") lived in Buffalo, 



156 NAMES FROM TIME. 

N.Y., in 1855. We have also Munday. A Mr. 
Monday appears in our Colony Eecords of 1639; 
and another Mr. Monday lives at Woburn. Capt. 
Mundy has described Napoleon's tomb at St. Helena. 
Sunday is found in New York. Two sons of Mr. 
Sundy, of Canada West, murdered him in July, 1857. 
Sontag (i. e., " Sunday ") paid us only a flying visit. 
Cruso is living at Wellington Centre, C.W. ; and 
Crusoe's faithful Friday did not die without issue. 
Sebastian Friday, Esq., subscribed for Chauchard's 
maps ; and this name is found in New York, as is 
also Freytag (" Friday ] "). Mr. Friday also lives 
at Thorold, C.W., and at Philadelphia. There 
exists an English family of Thursday. Mr. Try- 
day lives in Philadelphia, — meaning, probably, 
washing-day, or the day which tries the souls of 
housekeepers. 

Naturally enough, we have but one Now, while we 
have a long series of Morrows. We are truly a 
go-ahead people ; and accordingly we have no Yes- 
terdays. I find, indeed, a Mr. Yesterday at Phila- 
delphia. For many a distant day, the name of 
Faraday will be kept in remembrance. Both Mr. 
Ante ("before") and Mr. Ende live in New York. 
I do not find the name of Hour ; but Mrs. Hours 
owns land at East Boston. Three families of Killhour 
live in Philadelphia. Miss Minnett appears in our 
Directory. We have Mr. Early, and his rival, Mr. 
Twilight. Messrs. Dark and Darke live in New 



NAMES FROM TIME. 157 

York. Miss Mary Earley made a deed in L. 667, 
f. 164. Mr. Erly lives at Kingston, C.W. Mr. 
Rouse appears in the Directory of 1841. Faithfull 
Rouse was an early colonist (1644). Mr. Rouser 
lives in Philadelphia. Mr. Dozeville is a resident of 
New York. We have also Mr. Morgenstern (the 
" morning star "), M'Noon, and Mr. Abendbrod (or 
"evening meal"). Mr. Morningstar, of Canada 
West, lately killed his child. In New York I find 
Mr. Morgenroth (t. e., " the red of the morning," or 
" the dawn ") and Mr. Morgenthaler (or " the morn- 
ing dollar ") ; also Mr. Noon and Mr. Mitnacht (or 
" midnight "). Mr. Morn lives in Montreal. Four 
families of Eve, also Messrs. Vespre and Vesper, 
and Mr. Midnight, live in Philadelphia. Mr. Knap- 
ping lives at Brooklyn, Conn. Among the subscribers 
to the " Odyssey," I find Mr. Loveday and Mr. Gape. 
Mr. Eve, of Augusta, Ga., subscribed for Agassiz' 
work. Rev. Thomas Sunrise is settled in New Bed- 
ford; and Rev. John Noon, in Savoy, Mass. Mr. 
Nooning is found in the Directory of 1835, and still 
lives at Fall River. Mr. Twylight is a clergyman at 
Brownington, Vt. ; and Mr. Night is a clergyman 
at Fort Fairfield, Me. In England are families of 
Dawn, Eve, Vesper, Gotobed, Sleep, Slumber, Noon, 
and Nox (i. e., " night "). Rev. Mr. Nodder, Rector 
of Ashover Church, Derbyshire, England, had a pro- 
vidential escape from robbers while his household 
were asleep (1857). 



158 NAMES FROM NUMERALS. 

Numerals have given us Mr. Onely, Mr. Tew, Mr. 
Biss (Latin for " twice "), Mr. Twohig, Mr. Three- 
needle (who was perhaps born in Threadneedle 
Street, London), Mr. Tribble, Mr. Fowers, Mr. Dix 
(i.e., " ten "), Mr. Twelves, Mr. Twelve (1671), and 
Mr. Duzzen. Thomas One was cited before our 
courts in 1637. Mr. Nine appears in the Directory 
of 1841. Rev. Mr. Quint is settled in Roxbury. In 
New York I find families of Dusen, Halbe (German 
for "half"), Semy (from Latin for "half"), Mr. 
Tway, Mr. Twiname, and seven families of Quarter- 
man. Among high numbers, it has Mr. Forte, Mr. 
Saxty, and even Mr. Million. 

Mr. Fores and Mr. Last live in London (1858). 
Mr. Edward Score subscribed for Jones's " Miscel- 
lanies ; " as did Col. Twentyman for Chauchard's 
maps. The gallant Col. Unett was killed at the 
assault on the Redan. Tenneman's " Manual of 
Philosophy" was published at Oxford (1832). Our 
Michael Quarters got his arm subdivided by a rail- 
road accident (August, 1857). Mrs. Greenhalf 
was one of Miss Jones's subscribers. Decius, the 
name of a Roman family, very much resembles that 
of Mr. Tentimes. 

Mr. Both lives at Montreal ; Mr. Couples, at 
Hamilton, C.W. ; Mr. Twose, at Sherbrooke, C.W. 
Mr. Treble is Collector of Houghton Centre, C.W. ; 
and that name is also found at London, C.W. Mr. 
Second and Mr. Upper both live .at St. Anne's, C.W. 



NAMES FROM MEASURES AND DIMENSIONS. 159 

Mr. Octeau ("eight") lives at St. Bernard, C.E. ; 
and Mr. Fortye, at Peterborough, C.W. 

In Philadelphia I find families of Onely and 
Single ; six families of Tway and Tribbel ; Messrs. 
Six, Sixsmith, and Sixty ; Mr. Ceayen (" seven I "), 
Mr. Forty, and five families of Halfman. 

The families of Six, Ten, and Eighteen, seem 
to have remained in the mother country ; as have 
also those of Unit, Once, Twice, Single, Double, 
Sendfirst, Second, and Third. William Forsteen, 
Esq. (perhaps a corruption of " fourteen "), subscribed 
for the Macklin Bible. 

In measures we have Mr. Measures, Mr. Gill, 
Mr. Peck, and Messrs. Grose, Groce, and Gross. 
England has its Bushell and Gallon ; and we have 
likewise. Thus Mr. Bushell made a deed in Lib. 75 ; 
and Mr. Gallon appears in our Directory for 1835, 
and also for 1856 ; and he sells ale, Sec. We have 
Rundlett (t. e., " a small barrel "). In L. 141, f. 181, 
is a deed from John Peck to Joseph Barrell. Mr. 
Barrell owned Franklin Place in Boston ; also the 
hundred-and-fifty-acre farm in Somerville, of which 
part is now occupied by the McLean Asylum. A Mr. 
Measure lives at Woburn. Quart is . found at 
Arthur, C.W., and at Quebec ; Quintal, at Vergennes, 
C.E., and at Montreal; and Pound, at Quebec. 

In dimensions we have Gunter, Inch, Inches, 
Ells, Tuells, Foote, Rood, Furlong, Myles, Meil, 
Mile (1653), and Miles. There is an English family 



160 NAMES FROM DIMENSIONS AND SPACE. 

of Yard ; a Mr. Yard lives at Crittenden, Vt. ; 
and another was a lieutenant in our navy in 1849. 
We have Yardley. A distinguished American tra- 
veller was named Ledyard. There is a Prof. Rood, 
of Vermont. Mr. Cubitt lately died in Scotland, 
very wealthy ; and that name is found in Toronto, 
C.W. In Philadelphia are thirteen families each of 
Yard and Yardley ; also Copestick (" yardstick 1 "), 
and Messrs. Link, Linke, and Linck. An edition of 
Rodd's " Spanish Ballads " was published in 1821. 
Samuel Span, Esq., subscribed for Chauchard's maps ; 
and that name is found in New York ; where are 
also families of Yard, Yardley, Link, and Mile. 
Link was a German author of note. 

In space we have Senter, Center, Bound and 
Bourne, Place, Sise, Brim, Welts, Edge, Verge, 
Brink, Rimmer, End, Farr, and Girdler. Mr. Edges 
lives in Philadelphia ; Mr. Br in km an, at Griersville, 
C.W. ; Mr. Centre, at Hamilton, C.W. ; Mr. Girdle- 
stone, at Toronto, C.W. Both Mr. Space and Mr. 
Size live in New York. Mr. Stent lives at London, 
C.W. ; and Mr. Near, at Brydges, C.W. We have 
Dr. Rounds and Dr. Rimmer among our Massachu- 
setts physicians. Mr. Brims owns a lot at Forest 
Hills. Mr. Brimlow lives in New York ; Mr. Round, 
at Lancaster, N.H., and also at Philadelphia. A 
Miss Round made a deed (L. 265, f. 152). Thomas 
Ridge, Esq., subscribed for Chauchard's maps. Brink 
is also found at Manchester, Conn., and in Philadel- 



NAMES FROM SPACE. 161 

phia ; Mr. Middlehook, at Wilton, Conn. ; Mr. 
Middlebrooks, at Sharon, Conn. ; Mr. Cource, at 
Thomaston, Me. ; and Mr. Corner, at Lowell, and 
in New York, Philadelphia, and Toronto. Rev. 
Mr. Monod (" monad ") has a chnrch at Paris, 
France. 



21 



162 



CHAPTER XX. 

NAMES FROM MUSIC, DANCING; FROM COLORS. 

In music we have families of Toner, Lay, Lutz, 
Melody, Horgan, Organ, Taber, Phyfe, Fife, 
Horn, Horne, Hornsman, Piper, Sing, Singer, Pitt- 
singer, Sanger, Gingle(1661), Fogelgesang ("bird's 
song "), Correster, Harper, Tute, Tuten, Chirp- 
sir, Carroll, Clap, Clapp, Ringwell, Crier, Noyes, 
Rapper, Slatt, Slamm, Loud, Lowd, Lowder, Call, 
Kauler, Croak, Siss, Hiss, Howly, Bray, Bello, 
Yell, Roer, Roers, Dinnin, Dinning, Babell, and 
Babel. Mr. Noyse lives at North Bennington, Vt. 
Pope's sister was Mrs. Racket. Hollar was an 
English engraver. Holler is found in New York. » 
Francis Horner was a distinguished English states- 
man. One Horner was married in Dan vers in 1857. 
The Chief Justice of New Jersey is Mr. Hornblower. 
One of the best books in the language ■ — " Boswell's 
Johnson " — has been best edited by Croker ; and 
one of the hymns in Greenwood's Collection was 
written by a Croker. A Dr. Mew was Bishop of 
Winchester two centuries ago. 

Messrs. Trill, Houle, and Mew live in London 



NAMES FROM MUSIC. 163 

(1858). Major Parke G. Howle, of the marine corps, 
died at 1 Washington, July, 1857. Lieut. Bellot, of 
the French navy, was drowned near Beechy Island 
(1853). Mrs. Bray wrote a Life of Handel. Mr. 
Tamborine arrived here in a Cunard steamer, Septem- 
ber, 1857. Mr. Klink is settled at Lewiston, Pa. 
La Harpe was a French dramatic poet. Charles 
Carroll was a signer of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. Mr. Tener is a commissioner in Philadelphia. 
Mr. Tinklepaugh is Commander of the U. S. Steam- 
ship "Northern Light" (1857); and that name is 
found in Kelvin, C.W. .A* Mr. Lute lives in Ando- 
ver. Madame Ida Pfeiffer is a distinguished 
traveller. Mr. Fyffe was a midshipman in our navy 
in 1849, as was Mr. Harmony himself. In New York 
I find families of Harmony, Harp, Luter, Rung, 
Peal, Toon, Toote, Clink, Dinn, Callaway, Cheer, 
Clapper, Baller, Balling, and Bellow. 

Mr. Barkey lives at Milnesville, C.W. ; Mr. Coo, 
at Montreal; Mr. Caw, at Paris, C.W. ; Mr. Sang- 
ster, at Kingston, C.W. Messrs. Melady and 
Melody are both found at Toronto, C.W. ; also Mr. 
Peal ; Mr. Chant and Mr. Ding, at Montreal. 
Mr. Stampinbell, of Quebec, has, in his name, an 
odd union of sounds. Mr. Harp lives at Quebec ; 
Mr. Tone, at Montreal; and Mr. Louder, at Oro, 
C.W. 

In Philadelphia I find two families of Songster, 
Mr. Musick, Mr. Pfifer, Mr. Balls, Mr. Balor ; 



164 NAMES FROM DANCING. 

Messrs. Roarer, Rorer, Yelpbot, and Boom. Mr. 
Sing was a West-Point graduate. 

In dancing we have Polk, in the Directory of 
1835, and also a President of the United States ; 
Treadaway (1646), Steptoe, Gavett or Gayott, 
German, Hopps, Jigger, and Mr. Minuter, — per- 
haps derived from " minuet." Mr. Fling lived in 
Bristol, N.H. Mr. Galliard is a graduate of Yale. 
Chaussee is a French dramatic writer of the last 
century. The Marquis of Boul anger subscribed for 
Wild's Dramas (1805). Rondelet published a work 
on Fishes (1854). One of our Territorial Governors 
was named Steptoe. Families of Dance, Fidler, &c, 
are found in England ; also Steptoe, Treadaway, 
and Tune. Mr. Treadaway was graduated at Yale 
in 1759. Mr. Dance was a midshipman in our navy 
(1849). Messrs. Dance, Dancer, and Fidler also 
live in New York. Mr. Waltz lived in Buffalo, 
N.Y., in 1855. 

Mr. Chasse lives at Frazerville, C.E. ; Mr. Jiggins, 
at Beachville, C.W. ; Mr. Fiddler, at Puslinch, 
C.W., and at Lindsay, C.W. ; and both Dance and 
Fidler are found at Toronto, C.W. 

In Philadelphia I find families of Dance, Dancer, 
Dancey, Fidler and Fidlar, Fling, Galliard, and 
Hopp ; and Walz and Waltz are very common names 
there. Dancey is also found on the West-Point 
Catalogue. Nathaniel Dancer was a well-known 
English miser. Miss Shillitoe was lately married. 



NAMES FROM COLORS. 165 

Colors have furnished us with Hues (1684) and 
Staines, and an endless series of the names Brown, 
White, Wight, Gray, Green, and Greene. We have 
also Roan, Greaney, Sallowes (1659), Paler, and 
several specimens of Black and Scarlet. This last 
is a name illustrious in English law. M. Buff is 
a European chemist ; and a Mr. Buff lives in Rox- 
bury. Mr. Roane was an engineer in the navy in 1849. 
Our Mr. Hallgreen (" all green ? ") was married, 
October, 1857. Mr. Dingy was murdered in Duchess 
County, N.Y., October, 1857. Lord Campbell refused 
to allow an attorney named Violet to resume practice, 
as his previous character had been black. Le Noir 
("black") was a director of the French Museum. 
Our Swartz and Dow both mean " black." There 
is a curious caprice against particular colors. Thus I 
find but two Purples in New England, — one at 
East Haddam, Conn., and one at Gill, Mass., — and 
no Crimson or Yellow ; though the latter name exists 
in England, as do also the names of Alabaster and 
Nutbrown. There is but one Blue in the Direc- 
tory, though many look and feel blue on 'Change. 
Blue, Blew, and Blewey are all found at Hamilton, 
C.W. Dane cites the cases of Gawdy and Stain. 
Mr. Gaudy is Mayor of Stoneham, C.E. 

Mr. Taney (pronounced " tawny ") is Chief Jus- 
tice of the United States. Miss Tauney subscribed 
for Jones's " Miscellanies ; " as did also several 
named Tyntl, and Edward Blackit, Esq. Paley is 



166 NAMES FROM COLORS. 

one of the finest writers in the language. Thomas 
Brassey was an eminent railroad engineer, whose 
skill is especially shown on the Rouen and Havre 
Road. Rev. Mr. Vermilye is a clergyman in New- 
buryport. Dr. Green how was an assistant surgeon 
in our navy in 1849 ; and that name is found in 
Frankfort, C.W. Mr. Green sill lives at Isle du 
Pads, C.E. ; Mr. Greenless, at Kilbride, C.W., and 
at Toronto ; Mr. Greenwell, at Raglan, C.W. ; Mr. 
Greenslade, at Rodgersville, C.W. John Brown 
made a deed to Moses Black in L. 210, f. 298 ; and 
James Brown married Hannah White, Jan. 17, 
1858. Mr. Reddish sailed from Boston in a Cunard 
steamer in March, 1858. In New York I find fami- 
lies of Stain, Stainburn, Sulley, Sully, Pailler, 
Shade, and Ruddy ; also four families of Speck, and 
a Dr. Purple. In Philadelphia I find ten families 
of Dingie ; also Darkies and Darker, Ruddy, 
Brassy, Daub, Dotter, Dotts, Dye and Dyball, 
Speck and Spotts ; and Messrs. Greener, Greenly, 
and Green wise. 

There are many compounds of colors; as Black- 
man (a disagreeable name, by the way, for a white 
young lady), Blacker, Blackstock, Blackstone, 
Blackden, Blackhall, Blackmer (" blackamoor'? "), 
Blackmore, Redding, Redman, Redfern, Redpath, 
Brouner, Browner (L. 605, f. 56), Browning, 
Greenwood, Greenough, Greenleaf, Greenslit. 
We have Harblue (perhaps derived from hair of a 






NAMES FROM COLORS. 167 

blue color, although that is certainly not a common 
shade), Wightman, Whiteman, Whitman, Whita- 
ker (i. e., " white acre "), Whitehorn, Whiting, 
Whitechurch, &c. Miss Whitest appears in our 
Directory for 1857. We have also a Whitehouse 
here as well as at Washington. Mr. Redpath is 
the great English forger. Mr. Redhouse published a 
Turkish Dictionary in London in 1857. Mr. Green- 
house, of Montreal, ought to have a taste for botany. 
Blackmore was a well-known English physician 
and poet. England has also its Dr. Whitely ; and 
Scotland, its Professor Blackie. In London there is 
(1858) a firm of Del Negro, Candido, and Co. ; also 
a Mr. Greenlees. In the New-York Directory I 
find families of Blackee, Blackie, Greenfield, 
Greenhill, Greenoak, Greensvvord, Polegreen, 
Redgate, Redline, Redway, Redwood, Redfield, 
Whitbread ("white bread"), Whiteall, White- 
berry, Whitefield, Whitehill, Whitehorne, 
Whitehorn, Whitenock, Whiteside, Whitewright. 



168 



CHAPTER XXI. 

NAMES FROM SOCIETY, EDIFICES, PARTS OF EDIFICES, SIGNS 
OF INNS, BUILDING-MATERIALS, FURNITURE, &c. 

Civilized life has given us Heiligenberg (t. e., " holy 
mount "), Cairns, Hautville (i. £., " high city "), 
Village, Town, Towne, Province, Parish, County, 
Shire, Burrough, Ward, Homes, Burgess, Burgh. 
Richard Borough, Esq., subscribed for Chauchard's 
maps. Samuel G. City was a gunner in our navy in 
1849. Mr. Middlestadt (i. £., " middle town ") lives 
in Philadelphia. 

In edifices we have Temple, Castle, Castles, Cas- 
tell, Tower, Chappell, Chappel (L. 673), Church, 
Kirk, Monkhouse, House, Newhouse, Waterhouse, 
Moorhouse, Woodhouse, Stonehouse, Brookhouse, 
Housen, Hamblet, &c. English mathematics has its 
Bonnycastle. Mr. Abbey is a graduate of Yale ; 
and this is a common name in Philadelphia. Mr. 
Mailhouse lives at New Haven, — not a postmaster. 
Mr. Carthouse lives at Dubuque, Iowa. Sir John 
Stonhouse was a subscriber to Jones's "Miscella- 
nies." The firm of Newhouse, Spats, and Co. received 
a consignment from California in April, 1857. In 






NAMES FROM EDIFICES. 169 

the Buffalo Directory for 1855 are found Messrs. 
Mansion, Hut, Newhouse, and Threehouse. Maison 
(French for " house ") served with distinction under 
Bonaparte. Mr. Hillhouse was a graduate of Yale ; 
as was Mr. Maison. In New York I find five fami- 
lies of Hardcastle, one Buttress, and Mr. Minster. 
Mr. Odion lives at Portsmouth, N.H. 

We have Lodge, Booth, Shed, Shedd, Stowers, 
Stoeher, Block, Cot (t. £., " cottage "), Barn, Barnes, 
Barnwell; also Mills, Kingmill, Rymill, &c. Mr. 
Barn side invented a breech-loading carabine. Mr. 
Block lives at Newburyport ; Mr. Hamlet, at Dracut. 
In New York are families of Shopp and Shopps. Mr. 
Stackhouse is found in the Directory of 1841. 
Mr. Backhouse makes a frequent appearance in our 
Colonial Records. Mr. Backhouse's narrative of a 
visit to South Africa was published in 1839. Rev. Mr. 
Outhouse is a clergyman in Hodgdon, Me. Both 
these names are found in the New-York Directory ; as 
is also that of Liftchild, — being probably all derived 
from foundlings. He#ry Stable, Esq., lived at 
Leicesterfields in 1821 ; and among the subscribers 
to the Macklin Bible is Mr. Stables. Mr. Hutt is a 
member of the British Parliament (1857). Mr. 
Shoppee and Mr. Hovel live in London (1858). 
Mr. Cottman, of Louisiana, subscribed for Agassiz' 
work. In England are found the names of Crucifix, 
Sanctuary, and Gallows. Mr. Gallow lives at 
Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Winterhalter, at Philadelphia. 

22 



170 NAMES FROM EDIFICES. 

Pew, Steeple, and Spire live in England. Mr. Spire 
appears in our Directory for 1857. M. Lacroix is 
eminent among French mathematicians. Families of 
Pew are found in our vicinity, and at Port Robinson, 
C. W. ; and both Pew and Pews, in Philadelphia ; also 
Messrs. Spire, Spires, and Steepleton. John Pew 
was a defendant in the United-States Court in 1856. 
Mr. Bethell was passenger in a Cunard steamer 
(1857). Mr. Depew is a graduate of Yale. A Mr. 
Churchyard is mentioned, in 1593, in Nichols's 
" Progresses." Churchyard's " Chips " was pub- 
lished in 1817. Churchill was the family name of 
the Duke of Marborough. 

Mr. Bookstore lives in Montreal. Mr. Bellhouse 
lives at Brantford, C.W., and at Hamilton, C.W. ; 
Messrs. Gatehouse and Salthouse, at Montreal ; Mr. 
Longhouse, at New Hope, C.W. ; Mr. Roadhouse, at 
Newmarket, C.W., and at Sydenham, C.W. ; Mr. 
Woolhouse, at Port Hope, C.W., and at Hyacinthe, 
C.E. ; Mr. Fieldhouse, at London, C.W. ; Mr. Hole- 
house, at Quebec ; Mr. Stacrhouse, at St. Andrew's, 
C.E. ; Mr. Backhouse, at St. William's, C.W. ; Mr. 
Barn, at Kingston, C.W., and also at Philadelphia ; 
Mr. Lighthall, at Durham, C.E., and at Hamilton, 
C.W. ; Mr. Broomhall, at Philadelphia. Mr. Her- 
mitage lives at Quio, C.E. ; Mr. Hutt, at St. Cathe- 
rine's, C.W. ; and Mr. Hutty at Toronto, C.W. 

In Philadelphia I find ten families of Newhouse, 
twenty-eight families of Stackhouse, Mr. Spittal- 



NAMES FROM PARTS OF EDIFICES. 171 

house (»'. e. " hospital "), Mr. Burrhouse, Mr. Kill- 
house, and seven families of Drinkhouse, — these 
two last families intimately connected ; Mr. Mar- 
ket, Mr. Minster, and seven families of New- 
kirk. 

Rev. John Bapst, of Thomaston, Me., has a name 
resembling John the Baptist. Mr. Bulpit, though 
not a clergyman, is settled at Portland, Me. 

The parts of a house have given us families of 
Hall, Newhall, Kitchen, Laundry, Buttery (1663), 
Buttry, Chamber, Chambers, Kammer (German for 
" chamber "), Garrits, Garrett, Garratt ; also 
Woodroofe, Room, Roome, Story, Frame, Gla ss, Glas, 
Fennester (" a window "), Flohr, Whall, Wall, 
Be ames (1658), Seling, Rafter, Lath, Lathe, Dore, 
Dohr, Porch, Banister, Stayers, Friese, Rivet 
(1629), Brackett, Gates, Woodgate (L. 79, f. 361 ; 
also in 1629), Post, Pickett, Fence, Stiles, Stile- 
man (1657), Latchet, and Barr. Mr. Latch, of 
Spreadeagle, subscribed for Agassiz' work. Mr. Sill 
is a graduate of Yale. In L. 601 is a deed of Mr. 
Sellars. Mr. Plank lives at Cumberland, R.I. ; also 
at Uxbridge, C.W. Verplank is one of the great 
names of New York. Mr. Eaves also lives there, 
Capt. Slate, and Mr. Cornice. Messrs. Timber 
and Lumber lived in Buffalo, NY., in 1855. Mr. 
Vanear lives in Monkton, Vt. Ten families of 
Shingle, and one of Shingles, live in Philadelphia. 
We have Mrs. Slates living among us ; also the 



172 NAMES FROM PARTS OF EDIFICES. 

adjective Garretty. Mr. Bolt lives in Kent, 
Conn. ; also in Philadelphia ; Mr. Pegg, at New 
Haven. Catherine Peg was one of the favorites 
of Charles II. Mr. Post is a Harvard graduate. Mr. 
William Stairs has a suit in our Circuit Court. 
Mr. Pillars, of Ohio, subscribed for Agassiz' work. 
Mr. Pyle lives in Quebec ; Mr. Dredge, at Toronto 
and Montreal ; and Mr. Derick, at St. Thomas, C.E., 
— persons who might well erect buildings on a 
watery foundation. 

In 2 Denio, Pep. 546, is the case of a Mr. Gable. 
Dr. Van Oven, of London, is a medical writer. Cib- 
ber's " Apology " was edited by Bellchambers in 
1822. Bishop Blackhall's Works, in folio, are 
recommended to the Harvard students of 1773 ; as is 
also Blackwall's " Sacred Classics ; " also Wall's 
work on Infant Baptism. Chambers's Cyclopaedia is 
a standard work. Zimmer (" chamber ") and Zimmer- 
man are both German writers of note. 

Mr. Beam lives at Stevensville, C.W. ; Mr. Rafter, 
at Montreal. Mr. Casement is postmaster at Lake- 
field, C.W. ; Mr. Parlor lives at St. Catharine's, 
C.W. ; Mr. Frame, at Kingston, C.W. ; Mr. Cealens, 
at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Clat, at Philadelphia ; Mr. 
Eves, at Belleville, C.W., and at Philadelphia ; Mr. 
Lefloor, at Riceville, C.W. ; Mr. Bordridge, at St. 
Thomas, C.W. (probably a corruption of Bowditch) ; 
Mr. Gilding, at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Gilt, at Phila- 
delphia. Two families of Funnell (doubtless a cor- 



NAMES FROM PARTS OF EDIFICES. 173 

ruption of Faneuil) live in Kingston, C.W. Mr. 
Bathgate lives at Pefferlaw, C.W. 

In Philadelphia I also find four families of Tim- 
bers, four of Wallwork, five of Flue, three of 
Flues; Messrs. Gable, Gabel, and Gabell; Gar- 
retson, Parlor, Stairs, and Highgate. The Earl 
of Stair was formerly English ambassador to France. 
Mr. Stair lived in Buffalo in 1855. 

Families of Portico, Parlour, Casement, Window, 
Lath, Latch, and Sellar, are found in England. 

Pev. Henry Gabell subscribed for Chau chard's 
maps. Pev. Mr. Portall, of Exeter College, was one 
of Miss Jones's subscribers ; and Mr. Glass, a surgeon 
of Oxford, took two copies. Consider Glass was a 
painter and glazier in Norfolk County some years 
since. The maiden name of Mrs. Clive, the actress, 
was Paftor. Locker's " Spanish Scenery " was 
published in 1824. Mantell's "Medals of Creation" 
was published in London in 1854. Beam is a very 
common name in New York ; where are also found 
families of Beams, Board, Plank, Poof, Walls, 

LlGHTHALL, ZlMMER and ZlMMERMAN, FlNSTER (" WH1- 

dow "), Gable, Sill, Woodgate, Paling, Stiles, 
Spiles, Pegg, &c. Mr. Lathe lives at Clare- 
mont, N.H. ; Mr. Parleir, at Charleston, Vt. ; and 
Emerson T. Parlor, fireman of the " Canonicus," 
at Fall River, was killed (1857). Mr. Cellar lives 
at Windsor, Conn. ; Mr. Door, at Jericho, Vt. Per- 
haps our Sellers, like our Sellars, may have had 



174 NAMES FROM SIGNS OF INNS. 

an architectural origin. Among the subscribers to 
the Macklin Bible I find the names of Garrett, 
Glasse, Wall, &c. The Messrs. Arch flourished 
in 1828. Mr. Arch appears in our Directory of 
1856. Mr. Creake was an author in 1754; and 
Mr. Dore, in 1786. Mr. Overlocke lives at Tho- 
maston, Me. Our Mr. Cutlock has a most burgla- 
rious name. Mr. Trulock is one of the prosecuting 
attorneys of Indiana. Mr. Bedlock lives in Phila- 
delphia. Mr. Knoblock lives at Montreal ; Mr. 
Knobbs, at Oakland, C.W. ; Mr. Knubley, at Mon- 
treal ; and Messrs. Nitch and Pannell, at Philadel- 
phia. Messrs. Nobbs, Creak, and Shutter live in 
London (1858). Caroline Post is postmistress at 
Gilead, Conn. ; and Charles Post is postmaster at 
Hebron, Conn. Mr. Stairbird, of Carrol, Me., has 
rather a nautical than an architectural sound. Dane's 
"Abridgment" cites the cases of Eaves and Pos- 
tern. 

Many of our most absurd and strange names, par- 
ticularly those of animals, are doubtless derived from 
signs of inns and other like objects. Thus Mr. Turk 
may have come from Turkey, or he rnay have been 
employed at the Turk's Head Inn. Summer Street 
bore successively the names of Mylne Street and 
Seven-Star Lane, from its leading to a windmill, 
and from its tavern standing on the site of Trinity 
Church. So Prince Street was Black -Horse Lane, 
from the tavern in it ; and Salutation Alley or Street 



NAMES FROM BUILDING-MATERIALS. 175 

was so named from the inn at its entrance on Ann 
Street, known by the sign of " The Salutation, or the 
Two Palaverers." If we suppose a tavern to have 
existed with the sign of a litter of pigs luxuriating 
at their mother's breast, — which would certainly 
be a most suggestive emblem of the parental recep- 
tion which awaited its guests, their satisfactory fare, 
and entire contentment, — what is more natural than 
that a person identified with this locality, as landlord 
or otherwise, should acquire the name of Pighog % 

As to the materials of our houses, we have Brick, 
Stone, Freestone, Iron or Jyons, Marble, Pew- 
ter, Tinney (1658), Brass, &c. T. K. Brick and 
Co.'s " Fire-brick Works " are in South Brooklyn, 
N.Y. Our navy has its Commodore Shubrick. Mr. 
Neubrick lives in New York; also Mr. Pimbrick 
and Mr. Zink ; and there are seven families of Zink 
in Philadelphia. Mr. Ma stick is an attorney at 
San Francisco. Mr. Stoneman was a graduate at West 
Point. Mr. Nickle lives at New Glasgow, C.E. 
Mr. Ivory was a colonist in 1646 ; and that name is 
found in New York, where are also families of Chris- 
tal, Chrystal, Cristal, and Crystal. Mr. Irons 
lives at Mystic Bridge, Conn., and at Kingston, C.W. 
Mr. Sayles Irons was a late plaintiff in our courts. 
Mr. Spike lives at Harrowsmith, C.W. An under- 
graduate of Harvard College is named Brick. Dane 
cites the case of Mr. Brickwood ; and this name is 
found in Kingston, C.W. 



176 



NAMES FROM HOUSEHOLD ARTICLES. 



Inside of our houses may be found many a living 
Hamock, Couch, Cushing, Mattrass, Cribbs, Rugg, 
Divan (1656), Curtain, Curtin, Bolster, Bureau, 
Stove, Spitz, Holder, Lampe, Lampee, Matt, Tray, 
&c. Mr. Matte lives in Cap Sante, CE. ; and no less 
than seventeen families of Bureau are found in Que- 
bec. In Philadelphia I find Brush, Brusher, and 
eleven families of Broom. Mr. Thickbroom, of New 
York, would make an efficient mayor of that city. 
Margery Rugs was whipped (1640). Mr. Bocking 
lives in London (1858). In New York are found 
families of Tabele, Bench, and Dais. Mr. Wedge- 
wood appears in our Directory for 1857. Mr. Tre- 
vett (an old word for a " three-legged stool ") died in 
1822. Besom exists as a name, though obsolete as a 
word. One Beasom has charge of the High School at 
Nashua. Among the public men of Indiana, and 
also among the graduates of Harvard, is a Mr. 
Sheets ; and Sheets is a common name in Philadel- 
phia. Mr. Sheatin lives at Hamilton, C.W. Mr. 
Quilter was a colonist in 1679. Mr. Cribb was 
whipped in 1630. Both Quilt and Swing are found 
in the Directory of Buffalo, N.Y., for 1855 ; and we 
have Mr. Tuck and Mr. Tuckwell. Mr. Soffee 
died in 1794. Mr. Sopher lives at Bristol, Vt. The 
name of Sackenbotam is found in Massachusetts. 
Mr. Bedgood made a deed (L. 54, f. 140). Both 
Beddome and Bedloe are names known in English 
literature. Mr. Quilty lives in New York. Rear- 



NAMES FROM HOUSEHOLD ARTICLES. 177 

Admiral Blankett was a British officer in the wars 
against Napoleon. Mr. Caddy lives at Plainfield, 
Vt. Mr. Lamp lives at Norwich, Conn. ; and Mr. 
Wick, at Guilford, Conn., and in Philadelphia. 
Wickware, Wick, Wickes, Wicks, are all found in 
New York. Dane cites the case of Mr. Candell. 
Mr. Candlish lives at St. Therese de Bleinville, C.E. 
Wicke's Works were published in 1761. Wightwick 
wrote "Hints to Young Architects." I own Be- 
wick's " Fables." Mr. Oyles was a subscriber to the 
« Odyssey." Mr. Oill lives at St. Catherine's, C.W. 
If we wish to see the candle swale, we can do so in 
Miss Jones's subscription-list. Both Swail and 
Swale live in Montreal. H. Sockett, Esq., sub- 
scribed for Chauchard's maps. Rushworth's " His- 
torical Collections " is not a light work. Mr. Shine 
appears- in our Directory ; and Mr. Shoner lets his 
deeds be seen in our 'Registry. 



23 



178 



CHAPTER XXII. 

NAMES FKOM STREETS, UTENSILS, &c. 

On leaving our houses, we meet and converse with 
Messrs. Street, Rhoades, Rohde, Lane, Alley, 
Ridgway, Way, Bridge, Lowbridge, and Draw- 
bridge (L. 636). Our Shimmin is probably a cor- 
ruption of chemin (" a way "). Mr. Chemin made a 
deed in 1857. Messrs. Causey, Walbridge, Lilli- 
bridge, and Longstreet are all graduates of Yale. 
We have had a Gov. Bradstreet (i. e., " broad 
street"). Lieut. J. Longstreet served in the Mexi- 
can war. Berrystreet's " Sermons " appears in the 
Harvard Catalogue of 1773. Strada ("street") is 
an eminent Italian historian. Mr. Causey is Gover- 
nor of Delaware (1856). In New York I find Mr. 
Pathe. Broadway and Co. failed in London in 1857. 
Burton's "Diary" was edited in London (1828) by 
Rutt. We have also families of Rutty, Rutz, and 
Hubbell. Mr. Rutty was an English writer in 1772. 
In Salem is a family of Longeway. Gutterson is a 
common name with us. Mr. Gutterman was pas- 
senger in a late Cunard steamer. Mr. Guttering 
became a freeman in 1642. Mr. Crossway lives at 



NAMES FROM UTENSILS. 179 

Hamilton, C.W.; Mr. Brad way (i.e., " broad way"), 
at London, C.W. ; Mr. Roads, at Toronto, C.W. 
Messrs. Path, Pathman, and Road, all live in Phila- 
delphia. 

The following utensils and articles may be pur- 
chased of persons bearing the same names ; viz., 
Viall, Ewer, Pitcher, Grater, Cann, Can, Bason, 
Chalice (1680), Challis, Brush, Broome, Hone, 
Box, Bowles, Bolles, Boles, Biggin, Butt, Butts, 
Tubbs, Tank, Binns, Hodde, Kettle, Toole, Ham- 
mer, Mallet, Crain, Lash, Bell, Standish, Potts, 
Pottle, Pott (L. 608), Spade, Mattock (L. 32, f. 26), 
Barrow, Barrows, Sickels, and Chirnes. We have 
also Mr. Binns, Binney, &c. Mr. Hatchet was a 
colonist in 1639; and Mr. Axey was deputy from 
Lynn (1654). Mr. Benjamin Saucer is noticed 
in the Colony Records (1654). Mr. Harrow was 
married in 1857. Capt. A. S. Hooe, of the U. S. 
army, served during the Mexican war. Von Hammer 
was a distinguished Orientalist. In the New- York 
Directory I find families of Panne, Plate, Platt, 
Platte, Platter, Wares, Witherspoon, Wother- 
spoon ; also Messrs. Tool, Toole ; Messrs. Wain and 
Teather ; Messrs. Sickle, Sickles, Sicklemore, and 
Sythe ; Mr. Plows, Mr. Shears, Mr. Axman, Mr. 
Awl, Mr. Caske, and Mr. Chest. Families of Skil- 
let and Pestel live in London (1858). 

Mr. Shear lives at Canton, C.W. ; Mr. Shears, at 
the City of the Falls, C.W. ; Mr. Cleaver, at Low- 



180 NAMES FROM UTENSILS. 

ville, C.W. ; Mr. Plough, at Hamilton, C.W. ; Mr. 
Vansickle, at Lynden, C.W. ; Mr. Dray, at Mon- 
treal ; Mr. Ladle, at Canton, C.W. ; Mr. Leadle, at 
Quebec; Mr. Bowl, at Mt. Elgin, C.W. ; Mr. Basin, 
at Ottowa, C.W. ; Mr. Juggs, at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. 
Jarman, at London, C.W. Mr. Bowdish also lives 
in that city. This is a corruption of Bo wd itch ; 
which name was spelt in the like erroneous manner 
in the early records of Salem, Mass. 

In Philadelphia I find eight families of Axe, one 
Awl, and one Aull ; Mr. Caulter, Mr. Chizel, 
and Mr. Cleaver. Hammer is common there. I 
also find, in that city, Mr. Inkhammer and Mr. Long- 
hammer, Mr. Churn, six families of Caskey, six of 
Castor ; Messrs. Boal, Bottel, Bottles, Biggin ; 
Messrs. Pann, Plate, Platter, and Shellcup ; also 
Mr. Breake, — a dangerous neighbor for such a 
brittle company. Mr. Breakey lives at New Liver- 
pool, C.E. ; and Mr. Spillet, at Newtown Robinson, 
C.W. 

Mr. Cleaver, Mr. Hatchett, and Miss Hatchet, 
are among the subscribers to the Macklin Bible. 
Indiana has its Judge Pitcher. Mr. Hamor lives at 
East Eden, Me. ; Mr. Augur and Mrs. Toole, at New 
Haven. Mr. Crain was a midshipman in our navy 
in* 1849. There was, in 1821, a Thomas Barrow, 
Esq., of Manchester. Bushell's Works were pub- 
lished in 1660; Butts's Poems, in 1795; Koop's 
Works, in 1801. Mallet wrote in 1740 ; Neadler, 



NAMES FROM UTENSILS. 181 

in 1665. Among the Yale graduates of 1824 was 
Mr. Spayd. Sir Cloudesly Shovel lived a hundred 
and fifty years ago; and Archdeacon Pott, in 1821. 
Mr. Bole lives at South Ryegate, Vt. Among Miss 
Jones's subscribers I find Mr. Cann, Mrs. Ewer, and 
Mr. Ewers. There were Roman families of Piso (" a 
mortar "), Patina (" a stew-pan "), &c. 



182 



CHAPTER XXIII. 

NAMES FROM MATHEMATICS, LOGIC, LITERATURE, LAW. 

Mathematics has its living Co an, Cone, Force (L. 91, 
f. 156), Given, &c. ; and very abstract ideas are repre- 
sented by men and women. Thomas Line was a 
colonist in 1637. Mr. Degree lives at Hinesboro', 
Vt. ; Mr. Ratio, at Bromfield, Me. ; Mr. Force, at 
Charlemont ; Mr. Vary, at South Berwick, Me. ; 
another Mr. Given, at Brunswick, Me. Mr. Power 
holds an official station among us. Mr. Masse pub- 
lished a work on Commercial Law, in 1846, in Paris ; 
and Mr. Matter also published a work there in 1841. 
La Place was the greatest of French mathematicians. 
Mr. De L' Angle subscribed for Jones's " Miscella- 
nies." Mr. Angles and Mr. Bevil live in New 
York ; as does also Mr. Base, — whom in charity I 
ought, perhaps, to place here rather than among 
names from moral traits. There are no less than five 
families named Cozine and Cosine in the New-York 
Directory ; where I also find Line, Lines, Planes, 
Lever, Lens, Place, and Sypher, &c. Mr. Anglin 
lives at Brewer's Mills, C.W. ; Mr. Angleman, at 
Philadelphia ; Mr. Point, at Sandwich, C.W., and 



NAMES FROM LOGIC AND LITERATURE. 183 

Philadelphia. Mr. Rule lives at Port Hope, C.W. 
In Philadelphia I also find families of Force, Sign, 
and Lines. Lord Ellenborough, in 1818, wished that 
Sargeant Lens might be his successor, — a decidedly 
astronomical name. Mr. Level lived in Buffalo, N.Y., 
in 1855. 

Logic is well represented in New York by Mr. 
Such, Mr. Test, Mr. Pledge, Mr. Quest, Mr. Cleu, 
and Mr. Poser. Mr. Gist was surveyor for the Ohio 
Company a hundred years ago. Mr. Mood lives in 
Philadelphia. Test is a common name there. Mr. 
Method lives in Quebec ; and Mr. Pozer, at St. 
George's, C.E. Origen is a great name in the early 
Christian church. 

Literature has its Schoolcraft, Learned, Riddle, 
Maxim, Gloss, Spellman, Worde (1642), Quillman, 
Write (1648), Grammer ; and Reading, Read, 
Skanning, Scribner, Scollard, Scrivener, Printy, 
Usher, Schouler, Tomes, Lines, Rymes, Hebard, 
Bardwell, and Lay. We have also Nibbs, Marky, 
Labell, Conn, Slate, Wax, Wafer, &c. Perhaps 
Mr. Seal belongs here, rather than among the speci- 
mens of animated nature. It is certain that Mr. 
Sigel was wrecked in the "Central America " (1857). 
In New York I find Messrs. Seal, Seals, Sealer, 
and Sealy. 

Mr. Scrivener published a history of the iron 
trade. Sir Henry Spelman was a distinguished 
antiquary. Mr. Scholer, of Iowa, subscribed for 



184 NAMES FROM LITERATURE. 

Agassiz' work. Mr. Shoolbred {%, e., "school-bred") 
is a graduate of Yale ; as is also Mr. Righter ; both 
of whom spell their names in an illiterate manner. 
Auguste Eugene Scribe is a celebrated French dra- 
matist. Messrs. Letterman subscribed for Chauchard's 
maps. Miss Reading subscribed for Jones's " Miscel- 
lanies." Mrs. Centlivre did not publish as many 
books as her name would indicate. Among German 
naturalists is Buch (i. £., " book "). J. B. Budget 
has just published a treatise on tobacco, not on 
finance. Mr. Conover is Commissioner of* the Board 
of Public Works in Ohio ; and, in the New-York 
Directory, I find forty families of that name. 

In England are families of Style, Rymer, Poet, 
Bards, Sermon, &c. Thomas Sermon, Esq., sub- 
scribed for Chauchard's maps. Mrs. Laye was a 
subscriber to the Macklin Bible. Mr. Muse was, in 
1849, assistant messenger in the navy office at Wash- 
ington. Father Couplet was one of the missionaries 
to China. Thomas Rymer' s Works are as far as possi- 
ble from being poetical. Rev. Mr. Bard lives at Free- 
port, Me. ; Mr. Bardwell, at Cambridge. There is 
a Dr. Poet in San Francisco ; and Mr. Poet lives at 
Kingston, C.W. Mr. Maxhum lives at Pomfret, 
Conn. Mr. Morrow, of Maine, sailed for Europe in 
a late steamer (1857). Thomas Idyl was robbed 
in North Street in 1856. Mr. Parradee lives at 
Vergennes, Vt. Dr. Syntax has probably no repre- 
sentative out of the realms of fiction. Capt. Stamp 



NAMES FROM LITERATURE. 185 

was lately wrecked. Mr. Grammer and Mr. Riddle 
are both law-students at Harvard. Mr. Truant 
made a deed (L. 27, f. 261). Mr. Teachem lately 
died at Westport, Me. Mr. Teachout lives in Essex, 
Vt. ; and Mr. Stiles, at Middleton, Conn. Perry's 
" Expedition to Japan " has been abridged by Mr. 
Tomes. One of the earliest printers was the celebrated 
Wynken de Worde. Messrs. Stopps, Commal, and 
Colon, all live in New York ; where are also found 
families of Book, Booker, Bookman, Scollard, 
Reader, Reading, Letter, Letterman, Penwell, 
Penman, Quill, Larner, Primer, Lattin, Utter, 
Trope, Style, Styles, Parcy, and Musy, &c. 

Mr. Fabel lives at Chatham, C.W. ; and, in Phila- 
delphia, there are four families of Fable ; also Messrs. 
Muse and Paradee. Mr. Versey lives at Canfield, 
C.W. ; Mr. Penphraise, at Cobourg, C.W. ; Mr. 
Learn, at Ridgeway, C.W. ; Mr. Lingo, at West 
Port, C.W., and at Philadelphia ; Mr. Spellin, at 
Toronto. Mr. Tuype, of that city, goes for printing. 
Mr. Nibbet seems to prefer manuscript. Both Quire 
and Ream are found in Philadelphia, and furnish 
writing materials. In that city I find also a Mr. 
Wrighter, nineteen families of Righter, and eight 
families of Roat ; also eight families of Book, 
Mr. Bookman, Mr. Spell, Mr. Spellbrink, Mr. 
Spellenbuch, and two families of Word. Quil 
appears in the Buffalo Directory for 1855. Mr. 
Barrable (" parable ! ") lives in London (1858). 

24 



186 NAMES FROM LAW. 

Miss Ledger subscribed for Wild's Dramas (1805), 
having a business rather than a literary name. 

Mr. Bookstore, of Montreal, has been mentioned 
among names derived from edifices; but he is also 
entitled to a separate paragraph, as the very embodi- 
ment of literature. 

Law has furnished many names of families ; as 
Brass (its raw material), Wyles, Law, Laws, Law- 
less, Coad (73, f. 151), Codey, Court, Leet, Roll, 
Record, Docket, Case, Traverse, Levy, Chancel- 
lor, Mace, Judge, Justice, Foreman, Sheriff, 
Sheriffs, Constable, Marshall, Beadle, Crier, 
Sumner* (i.e., " summoner "), Warning, Warner, 
Warn, Sessions, Dunn, Dunham, Dunning, Jewett, 
Sew all, Fee, Fines, Bail, Lien, Search, Ferriter, 
Nabb, Ketchum. Mr. Getum lives at Toronto, C.W. 
Mr. Fetchem appears in the Middlesex Records ; also 
Mr. Greaves. Greaves's Miscellaneous Works ap- 
pears on the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. I do not 
add Leys to this collection; though it is justified by 
the conundrum, " Why is a lawyer like a person 
who cannot sleep at night ? " — " Because he first lies 
on one side, and then lies on the other." 

Mr. Leet lives at Brownington, Conn. Mr. Leete 
is a graduate of Yale. Giles Firman was appointed 



* Charles Sumner is indeed a " summoner," whose warning voice in behalf 
of freedom and humanity will ring through the ages. There is no more pleasing 
incident recorded in the history of Massachusetts than his recent re-appointment, 
by an almost unanimous vote of her Legislature, to his high post of duty in the 
Senate of the nation. 



NAMES FROM LAW. 187 

to serve writs, in 1641, at Ipswich. Mr. Teste 
lives in Salem ; and Mr. Records, at Fall River. 
Messrs. Doe and Roe are not fictitious personages. 
Mr. Warrant, Mr. Argue, and Mrs. Countsell, 
all live in New York ; as does also Mr. Writmire, 
— a most suggestive name. J. G. Fee, of Madison, 
Ky., is a clergyman, having apparently mistaken his 
profession. Pulling and Pynchon was an old law- 
firm in Salem, colloquially called Pullem and Pinch- 
em. Mr. Sheard, of Toronto, has a name appropriate 
to a patron of the law. Dane cites the law-cases of 
Legal, Title, Fairtitle, Goodtitle, Fetter, &c. 
England has its family of Catchpole. Messrs. Bye 
and Law are a London publishing firm ; and among 
the subscribers to the Macklin Bible are Mr. Court, 
Mr. Foreman, and Mr. Law. Mr. Rule was an author, 
who wrote in 1766. Shackell was a London prin- 
ter in 1825. James Summons was sentenced to be 
hung in Ohio (1857). Daniel W. Courts is Trea- 
surer of North Carolina (1856). Mr. Bailieff arrived 
here in a Cunard steamer (September, 1857). Mr. 
Lawman lives at Wellfleet, Mass. In New York I 
find families of Dun, Dunner, Detter, Duely, Ittem 
("item"), Legal, &c. ; also Satchell, which seems 
to belong here, as a green bag was formerly a 
lawyer's badge. 

Mr. Brason lives at Walters Falls, C.W. ; Mr. 
Suttle, at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Latorney, at Kings- 
ton, C.W. ; Mr. Argue, at Ashton, C.W. ; and three 



188 



NAMES FROM LAW. 



families of that name are found in Philadelphia. Mr. 
Jury lives at Carp, C.W. ; Mr. Jurey, at Prince Al- 
bert, C.W. ; Mr. Writt, at Kincora, C.W. ; and both 
Mr. Catchpole and Mr. Warrant, at London, C.W. 
Mr. Handgrave (i. e., " hand-greave," or " fetter ") 
lives at Ste. Therese de Blainville, C.E. ; Mr. Shackell, 
at Toronto; and Mr. Rivet, at St. Thomas, C.E. 
The Messrs. Deeds, of Toronto and of Philadelphia, 
may be regarded as the representatives of conveyan- 
cing. Mr. Search, of Stewarttown, C.W., and Mr. 
Flaws, of St. Mary's, C.W., perhaps belong to the 
same department of the law. 

In Philadelphia are families of Bailiff, Bilboe, Fet- 
ter, Fetters, Fetch, and Cought ; Messrs. Sarch, 
Serch, and Search; five families of Triol, and three 
families of Fees. I also find there families of Justus, 
Justis, Justice, Juery, and Jurist. Lex is a com- 
mon name there. I find, likewise, Mr. Records, 
and two families each of Regester and Register. 
Among the graduates at West Point I find Messrs. 
Fetterman, Sitgreaves, Irons, and Shackleford. 

Among Miss Jones's subscribers are Miss Case, 
Mrs. Foreman, and Mr. Travers. Joseph Ruse, 
Esq., subscribed for Chauchard's maps. A Dr. Codex 
was distinguished for his high-church zeal in the 
time of Sir Robert Walpole. Among French writers, 
few have acquired greater popularity than Sue. 

Gen. Sheriffs was a subscriber to Thomson's 
" Seasons," uniting in himself both civil and military 



NAMES FROM LAW. 189 

powers. Sir Walter Scott was involved by the fail- 
ure of Mr. Constable. The law is supposed to be 
expensive; but among the latest English publica- 
tions is one by Mr. Shillinglaw. Mr. Sparrow was 
a member of our bar in 1839. Mr. Sparhawk (i. e., 
" sparrow-hawk ") has a more appropriate name ; as 
have also Mr. Shears, Mr. Shearer, Mr. Skinner, 
Mr. Keen, and Mr. Scaley. Mr. Trick was per- 
mitted to serve on the Grand Jury (1674) ; and 
another of that name lives at Bowmanville, C.W. 
Mr. Blacklaw lives in New York. Mr. Carlaw, of 
the same city, can give only travelling advice. Mr. 
Greenlaw would seem to be equally unreliable. If 
the law be viewed as one of the black arts, as was 
was once suggested by the late Douglas Jerrold, it is 
a curious coincidence that its chief ministers are 
Coke and Blackstone. 

We have two names which seem amenable to the 
law, — Mr. Swindle, Mr. Swindell, and Mr. Robb ; 
and, unless Mr. Sharper and Mr. Trickey are care- 
ful, their names will bring them into trouble. This 
last name is very common in Bangor ; but it is not 
known whether the family own Eastern lands. Mr. 
Hooker has also an equivocal name. Sharpey's 
" Human Anatomy " was published in London in 
1848. Mr. Tricker lives in Philadelphia. 



190 



CHAPTER XXIV. 

NAMES FROM MONEY AND THRIFT, AND THEIR OPPOSITES. 

Money has its representatives in families of Money, 
Schatz (German for " treasure "), Fortune, Means, 
Coin, Coyne, Cashman, Cash, Cashdollar, Flush, 
Tylls (1639), Till, Hopper, Bill, Gold, Gould, 
Goulden, Golden, Silver, Siller, Crown, Min- 
ter, &c. For many years a suit of Dunham 
vs. Cashdollar was pending in our courts. Mr. 
De Silver was a naval storekeeper in 1849. 
Mr. Copperman, Mr. Coppers, and Mr. Grote, all 
appear in the New-York Directory ; as do also Mr. 
Mony, Mr. Moneypenny, and Mr. Markthaler 
(or " mark-dollar "), Mr. Thaler (German for 
" dollar "), Mr. Barn dollar, Mr. Bank, and the 
analogous names, which it suggests, of Mr. Brittell 
and Mr. Burst. Miss Cost was married in Boston, 
April 7, 1857. Mr. Goldman, of Fulton City, III, 
became insolvent in 1857. Mr. Hitch is a graduate 
of Yale. Rich is a very common name. The late 
election resulted in the loss to Mr. Poore of a barrel 
of apples. By an exchange of currency, England has 
a Mill ; while we have a Penny, Hapenny, Half- 



names from money. 191 

penny, Pence, Penniman, Groate (1656), Croune 
(1660), Sterling, &c. A Mr. Ruble, of Massachu- 
setts, had his name changed in 1846. The Peruvian 
minister to this country, lost in the "Central Ame- 
rica" (1857), was named Sequin. We have also 
Schellinx (i.e., " shilling "), Mark, Marks, Duckett, 
and Franc. Mr. Markes lives in Fletcher, Vt. 
The families of Twopenny, Farthing, and Groat, 
however, have remained in England ; and Mr. Ducat 
is also found there. Dane cites the case of Ruble. 
John Pounds established the ragged-school system. 
Mr. Grote is the historian of Greece. 

Sovereign is found at Bronte, C.W., Paris, C.W., 
and at Wellington, C.W. ; Mr. Ryno, at London, 
C.W. ; Mr. Treadgold, at Toronto ; Mr. Riches, at 
Quebec ; Mr. Costley, at Camelford, C.W. ; Mr. 
Stiver, at Buttonville, C.W. ; Mr. Groat, at Arkono, 
C.W., and at Calumet Island, C.E. Jonn Farthings 
lives at Port Burwell, C.W. ; Mr. Reals, at Cobourg, 
C.W. Perhaps Mr. Pound, of Quebec, belongs in 
this company. 

In Philadelphia I find families of Armgold, Coffre, 
Coin, Cost, Summ ; Messrs. Heap and Heaps ; three 
families of Forten, two of Fortin, and three of For- 
tune ; Messrs. Pennyfather and Pennypacker ; 
Messrs. Stiver and Stivers ; Mr. Barringdollar, 
Mr. Farthing, and even Mr. Cent ! 

Mr. Check subscribed for Chauchard's maps. Wil- 
liam Millions, one of Walker's " fillibusters," re- 



192 NAMES FROM THRIFT, ETC. 

turned to New York utterly penniless (July, 1857). 
On the contrary, Mark Brummagim and Co. were 
consignees of fourteen thousand dollars in gold from 
California in October, 1857 ; and Mr. Pinchbeck 
lives in New York. 

Thrift is represented by Thrift, Hoard, Heap, 
Tyte (1663), Close, Gladwin, Gain, Gainer (1648), 
Gainor, Gane, Garner, Stockwell, Winn, Pen- 
sion, Gettings, Pickens, Picup, Holding, Cribbin, 
Cribby, More, Muchemore, Muchmore, Pa ye, Land, 
Loveland, Noland, Micklefield, &c. One of the 
judges of Missouri is named Lackland. Mr. Scant- 
land was a midshipman in the year 1849. The 
Lieut-Governor of Tobago is named Shortland. 
Our Mr. Haviland seems to doubt about his real- 
estate investments. Littlefield is very common in 
all senses. Mr. Morehouse lives at Highgate, Vt, 
and is also found among the graduates of Yale. Mr. 
Grist left that institution in 1848. Mr. Manypenny 
is Agent for Indian Affairs. Mr. Borrow is a gra- 
duate of Yale. Mr. Borrows is found in our late 
Probate Records. George Borrow is a well-known 
English author. One Mr. Gains made a deed in 
L. 44, f. 274. Another Mr. Gains lives at Willing- 
ton, Conn. Our army has its Gen. Gaines. Mr. Pick 
lives at Providence, R.I. 

We have, in Boston, a Miss Charity Pickens. 
Begg is a very common name in New York ; where 
are also found Beggs and Beggins, Bare and Bare- 



NAMES FROM MONEY, THRIFT, ETC. 193 

more, Faile and Failing. Mr. Mickell, of New 
York, subscribed for Agassiz' work ; as did also Mr. 
Getty. In New York are found families of Get- 
ter, Getting, Smalpenny, Tyte, Picken, Pick, and 
even Myser. Eno (i. e., " enough ") exists only in 
the Directory of New York; and Mr. Ernall, of 
that city, has the best name for attaining that object. 
That city has also families of Fortune, Fortu- 
nati, Heap, Heape, Heritage, Lucre, Loning, 
Lender, Purss, Ryno, Rino, Shiner, Penney, Penny, 
Shilling, Paer, Pa ye ; and, on the other hand, I 
find Spender, Waste, &c, and the names before 
enumerated (p. 21). 

Mr. and Mrs. Monypenny both patronized Jones's 
" Miscellanies." Mickle translated the " Lusiad." 
A Mr. Silverstone, of Reading, Pa., failed (May, 
1857) ; as did Messrs. Burstall and Co., of Quebec, 
in October following. Capt. Broke subscribed for 
Chauchard's maps. We have our Hohn (L. 266) ; 
and Mr. Hone was former mayor of New York. 
Whetstone's Works were published in 1586. Lieut.- 
Col. Bagwell subscribed for Chauchard's maps. Mr. 
Bagwell is a member of the British Parliament 
(1857). One of the British officers in the war against 
Napoleon was named Pickmore. Mr. Fortune pub- 
lished his work on China in 1855. The late Hon. 
Leonidas Shaver was Judge of Utah. Mr. Sheers 
made a deed (L. 64, f. 203); and we have also the 
names of Sheerin, Shearin, Shears, Dockham, 

25 



194 NAMES FROM MONEY, THRIFT, ETC. 

Dockum. Perhaps Mr. Close belongs here, rather 
than among the fields. Mr. Closer was lost in the 
"Central America" (1857); and Mr. Owings then 
paid his last debt. 

Dane cites the cases of Sheers, Grindstone, and 
Tyte. Mr. Tite lives in London (1858); also Mr. 
Meiser. Messrs. Bigland and Dives subscribed for 
Wild's Dramas (1805). We have Kammerer (Ger- 
man for " treasurer "). In England live families of 
Profit, Saveall, Shaveall, Scrapescin, Self, Trea- 
sure, and Treasurer : this latter name is that of the 
most lucrative of all modern employments. I once 
heard of a person's remarking, " If I am only the 
executor of a will, I don't care who are the legatees." 
Mr. Sake, of New York, pursues his trade of a 
butcher, probably for his own sake ; and I find, in 
the Directory of that city, no less than six families 
of Self. Mr. Ego (« I ") of Pefferlaw, C.W., has a 
selfish name. Mr. Ownes lives at Toronto. C.W. ; 
and Mr. Eachman, at Philadelphia. 

Mr. Spary, Mrs. Tight, and Mr. Slicer, all live 
in Montreal ; Mr. Pinch, at Bowman ville, C.W. 
Shaver is a very common name in Canada, as at 
Ancaster, &c, Iroquois, C.W. Mr. Skimmings lives 
at Goderich, C.W. Mr. Gittings is a West-Point 
cadet (1857). Mr. Heritage lives at Montreal. 
Payment is a very common name in Canada, at Beau- 
harnois, C.E., Montreal, &c. Mr. Mutch lives at 
Fergus, C.W. ; Mr. Purse, at Toronto, C.W. ; and a 






NAMES FROM MONEY, THRIFT, ETC. 195 

single specimen of Enouf is found at St. Gervais, 
C.E. 

In Philadelphia are families of Fobbe, Purse, and 

PURSEGLOVE J WoODTHRIFT, PlCKUP, and DOWER J 

Mr. Ower and Mr. Shorton ; Mr. Harder, Mr. 
Harderman, Mr. Klinkheart, Mr. Meene ; nine 
families of Nippes ; Sharpley, Sheer, Sheerman, 
and Steelman ; twenty-three families of Sharpless, 
and Mr. Sharpshears ! 



196 



CHAPTER XXV. 

NAMES FROM CHARITY; COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION; DIGNITIES 
AND OFFICES. 

Charity has its Grant (a name borne by one among 
us truly distinguished for that quality), Boon, Dole, 
Pension, Ransom, Givens, Begg, Beggs, and Plea- 
sure. Roger Bounty is mentioned in the Colony 
Records of 1657. England has a family named Cha- 
rity. Col. Boone is celebrated in the early history 
of Kentucky. Mr. Giving became, perhaps from his 
too great liberality, a United- States bankrupt. Mr. 
Sharer arrived here from Panama in October, 1857. 
Mr. Lend all lives in Salem (1857). A new London 
edition of the " Pilgrim's Progress " is edited by 
George Offor. George W. Gift was a midshipman 
in our navy in 1849. Mr. Charity lives at Chatham, 
C.W. ; Mr. Genereux, at Kilbride, C.W. ; and Mr. 
Freely, at Philadelphia. 

Commerce and navigation have furnished us with 
the names of Navy, Fleet, Shippen, Shippey, Ship- 
pie, Vessel, Barge, Carrick, Carrack, Brigman, 
Briggs, Brigg (1653), Skiff, Scow, Cuddy, Dorey, 
Hull, Deck, Decke, Hatches, Helm, Sterne (1657), 



NAMES FROM COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION. 197 

Keels, Luff ; also Cable, Guy, Hoy, Saile (1681), 
Sayles, Ancor (1659), and Anchor ; Calkins, 
Wharff, Whorf, Pier, Piers, Ferry, Crew, and 
Crewe, Beacon, Fraitz, Marts, Barter, Barters, 
Sale, Sales, Selling, Goodsell, Bale (1680), Loan, 
Byers, Byus, Dickerman, Price, and Chart. There 
is a deed from John Prow in L. .153. Miss 'Oar 
made a deed (L. 285, f. 282) ; and Mr. Stearman, in 
L. 331, f. 113. Our Mr. Navy is a stevedore. John 
Galley was fined in 1632. Mr. Shippe lives at 
Brooklyn, Conn. ; Mr. Shipman, at Lowell. Messrs. 
Caulkins, Calking, and Calkins are graduates of 
Yale. Mr. Caulkins lives at East Lyme, Conn. ; 
Mr. Coyle, at Machias, Me. ; Mr. Carrique, at Paw- 
tucket ; and Mr. Shipper, at Rhode Island. A Mr. 
Helme lives at Newport, R.I. ; Mr. Marine, at Rich- 
mond, Me. Mr. Shipway, of Montreal, subscribed 
for Agassiz' work. Mr. Barge lives at Mitchell, C. W. ; 
Messrs. Galley and Chaloup, at Montreal ; Mr. 
Pilot, at Quebec. In Philadelphia are families of 
Vessels, Wessell, Wessells, and Wessels ; Sloope, 
Boate, Boatman, Sailer, Sailor, Prows, Mast, 
Rudder, Ancker, Keel (a very common name there), 
Veer, and Dock. Mr. Goodsell lives at East Shel- 
don, Vt. We have Starbird ; Stairbird has been 
before mentioned (p. 174); and Mr. Starboard himself 
lives at Lubec, Me. Dane cites the cases of Mr. Le- 
ward and Mr. Boats. Families of Barge, Keel, Mast, 
Spar, and Grapel exist in England ; also of Trader, 



198 NAMES FROM COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION. 

Cheap, and Maps. Mr. Spar lived in Buffalo, N.Y., 
in 1855. Who has not heard of Sterne and of 
Sternhold % There is a firm of Stern and Co. at 
Keasanqne, Iowa. Mr. Reefer was engineer of the 
wrecked "Central America" (1857). Woodhull's 
translation of Euripides was published in 1809. Rev. 
Mr. Woodhull is settled at Holden. Mr. Boate 
was an author in 1652, as were also Mr. Sale and 
Mr. Seller. Mr. Sells lives at St. Thomas, C.W. 
Sales's translation of the Koran is well known, as is 
Purchas's " Pilgrimages." Mr. Purchase, of New 
York, sells provisions. The old India firm of Cheap 
and Leslie failed in 1857. 

Among the subscribers to Thomson's " Seasons " is 
Rev. Mr. Brigstock. Mr. Lading, of Baltimore, was 
recently drowned. Judge Dock lives at Harrisburg, 
Pa. (1857). John Caulk was a gunner, and Mr. 
Seaman a sailmaker, in our navy in 1849. In New 
York are found families of Ship, Wessel, Wessell, 
Wessels, Wessells, Galley, Bargy, Mast, Sturn, 
Saile, Reef, Tacke, Boom, Bilger, Shipper, Ship- 
well, Boatman, Tackman, Sailor, Lerch, Luff, 
Bale, Bales, Ballasty, Cargo ; also Quay, Mart, 
Dickers, and Fairs. 

Dignities, temporal and ecclesiastical, are seen in 
Powers, Monarch, Regal, Regally, Royal, Roy, 
Rex (L. 655, f. 282), King, Kingman, Prince, Prin- 
cess, Grandy, Peers, Earl, Earle, Duke, Barron, 
Baron, Viscount, Marquis, Noble, Lord, Herr 



NAMES FROM DIGNITIES AND OFFICES. 199 

(i. £., " lord "), Laird, Chevalier, Waldgrave (1648), 
Opperman, Headman (64, f. 39), Masters, Mayer, 
Mayers, Gentrey, Squire, Squier, Franklin, Cady, 
Pope, Legate, Bishop, Rector, Crosier, Crozier, 
See, Stall, Templeman, Morse, Shreve, Abbot, 
McVicker, Dean, Prior, Priary, Proctor, War- 
den, Sexton, Clark, Vesterman, Major, Capt, Cor- 
poral, Sargent, and Herald. Mr. Ensign was a 
member of the bar in 1839. Mr. Cornett is a mem- 
ber of the Unitarian Association. Mr. Kahn arrived 
here (November, 1857) from Liverpool, not Tartary. 
Mr. Landgrave's estate is now in process of settle- 
ment ; and that name is found in Philadelphia. Mr. 
Dey is a graduate of Yale. Mr. Grandey is Speaker 
of the House in Vermont. Mr. Sheik lives in New 
York ; also Mr. Throne and Mr. Peer. 

Eleven families of Monarque live in Montreal, and 
seven families of Queen in Philadelphia ; where are 
also found Rex and Rey, Mr. Dauphin, and four 
families of Rank. Cardinal is found at Beaufort, 
C.E., and other towns in Canada ; and two families of 
Bishoprick live at Ottowa, C.W. Mr. Mighter, 
of Durham, C.E., adopts a novel mode of spelling ; as 
does also Mr. Leggate, of Marmora, C.W. Mr. 
Archdeacon lives at Philadelphia. A Mr. Chaplain 
lives in that city, and also in Montreal. Mr. Might 
lives at New Hamburg, C.W. ; Mr. Wand, at Epsom, 
C.W. Both Captain and Commander live at To- 
ronto, C.W. ; Mr. Headman, at Yorkville, C.W. 



200 NAMES FROM DIGNITIES AND OFFICES. 

England, as we have seen, has its Toplady. Mr. 
Deputy lives in Philadelphia. 

Mr. President lives at Windsor, Vt. ; Mr. Pro- 
vost, at Bridgeport, Conn., and in New York. Mr. 
Thaine lives at New Salem, Mass. ; and Mr. Ranks 
at Bath, Me. Mrs. Archdeacon is a washerwoman 
in New York. We have from subordinate posts the 
names of Stewart, Usher, Vallett, Vallet (L. 239, 
f. 262); also Kammerling (German for "valet"); 
Beadle, Beadleston, Footman, Clerk, Cook, Cook- 
son, Groom,* Prentice, Driver, Foreman, Cham- 
berlain, Lacky, Lackey, Reeve, Herthman, Tub- 
man, Henchman, Page, Workman, and Houseman. 
Rev. Mr. Alderman was settled at Milbury ; and the 
name appears in our Directory for 1857. A Mr. 
Councilman was graduated at Yale. Among the 
graduates of Harvard is the name of Henck (Hencker 
is the German for " hangman "). Yale has its 
Hengst. John Carrier is postmaster at Middle Had- 
dam, Conn. John Dishman is Attorney of the Twelfth 
Circuit Court in Kentucky (1857). A Mr. Skullion 
lives in New York ; and Scullion, in Philadelphia. 
Mr. Lackie lives in Quebec ; and Mr. Disher, at 
Ridgway, C.W. ; Mr. Cookman, at St. Athanase, C.E. 
Mr. R. P. Helper, of North Carolina, has published 
a work on slavery. 

In England are families of Alderman, Council- 

* Groom does duty here a second time: his first position (p. 90, ante) is 
decidedly the preferable one. 






NAMES FROM DIGNITIES AND OFFICES. 201 

man, Emperor, Vickars, &c. Hon. Mrs. Kingdom 
subscribed for Miss Jones's " Miscellanies ; " and 
Edward Kingdom, Esq., took a royal paper copy of 
it. A Mr. Kingdom lives at Peterborough, C.W. 
Mr. Serjeantson subscribed for Chauchard's maps. 
Mr. Adelman (" nobleman ") lives in New York. 
Bedle's Works were published in 1610. Mrs. Mas- 
ters's Poems appeared in 1733. Mace's Sermons 
were published in 1751; and Mr. Helps has just 
published a work on " Spanish Conquests in Ame- 
rica." Salem furnishes many families of Monarch, 
and one Imperial. Mr. Grandey lives in Vergennes, 
Vt. Dane cites the law-case of Vast vs. Gawdy. 

Mr. Famous lives at Philadelphia ; and Mr. Fame 
himself was married at Lynn, April, 1857. 



•26 



202 



CHAPTER XXVI. 

NAMES FKOM TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS. 

Trades and occupations are a most prolific source of 
names. Thus we have Smith (a host of themselves), 
"Wright, Mason, Carpenter, Boardman, Bordman, 
&c. We have very many Bakers, one Bake, one 
Bakewell, and also one Bunn ; and we have 
Baxter (which means " baker "), Brazier, Bra- 
zer, Burnish, Brewer, Brewster (Mr. Brew 
figures in Lib. 81), Barber, Butler, Banker, 
Barker (i. e., " tanner "), Binder, Buckleman, 

BUTTONMAN, BoOTMAN, BUTCHER (1857), CoOKSON, 

Coleman, Colman, Cooper, Cotter, Chandler, 
Chapman, Cheeseman (L. 110, f. 231), Chipman, Clo- 
thier, Currier, Cutler, Cutter, Cutting, Corker, 
Carter, Cartwright, Carver, Collier, Coker, 
Cordner, Cordiner (t. £., " cordwainer ") ; also 
Cloutman, Carrier, and Crocker (». e., " a potter "). 
Ditcher is engaged in the Puseyite controversy. We 
have Delver, Draper, Dyer, Dyre, Diman, Stainer, 
Staines, Farmer, Akerman (i. e., " a farmer "), 
Fisher, Fuller, Forrester, Friar, Fyler, Furman, 



names from trades and occupations. 203 

Glazier, Gloyer, Grover, Gardner, Goldsmith, 
Gager, Hosier (1631), Hooper, Jenner (t. £., 
"joiner"), Leadbeater, Lyman, Merchant, Miller, 

MlLWARD, MlLMAN, MeALEY, MeRCER, MONK, MoWE, 

Mower, Mariner, Miner, Mining, Milkman, Nourse, 
Nurse, Naylor, Nutter, Packer, Pilott, Plummer, 
Palmer, Parker, Parkman, Potter, Painter, Ped- 
lar, Pitman, Printy, Ranger, Slater, Shepherd, 
Sadler, Soper, Soaper (L. 74), Salter, Schuman, 
Shoemaker, Sutor (*. 6., " shoemaker "), Sawyer, 
Sawin, Sayer, Sower, Sowman, Spicer, Stabler, 
Skinner, Shearer (these two names may also indicate 
a snug disposition in money matters), Shearman (Lib. 
13 1),Seamans, Spinney, Spindler, Spinner, Stockman, 
Schneider (German for " tailor "), Taylor, Tailer, 
Tolman, Turner, Thatcher, Tanner, Tucker (i.e., " a 
fuller"), Tuckerman, Tubman, Tinker, and Tyler. 
Ark, a chest, gives us Arkwright. We have also, in 
like manner, Wheelwright, Wainwright, &c. ; 
Webster, Waterman, Webber, Weaver, Wheeler, 
Washer, Woodman, Workman, and Yeoman. A 
Mr. Bun lives at Sudbury, Vt. ; Mr. Wagoner, at 
Litchfield, Conn., and at Philadelphia. A deed was 
made in January, 1858, to William Carpenter, of 
Boston, carpenter. 

Dr. Butcher is one of the most eminent surgeons 
in Dublin ; and in London there are (1858) families 
of Bellringer, Leathersellers, and Drudge. Eng- 
land had an Admiral Hosier in the early part of the 



204 NAMES FROM TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS. 

last century. A Mr. Hosier lives at Nantucket ; Mr. 
Harrower, at Newburyport ; Mr. Joyner, at Rich- 
mond, Vt. ; and Mr. Joiner, at Sheffield, Mass. Lead- 
beater's Poems were published in Dublin in 1808. 
Mr. Lymeburner lives at Brookville, Me. ; and Mr. 
Schoonmaker, at Springfield. A suit is now pending 
at Washington (1857) against the administrators of 
John Blacksmith. Mrs. Brownsmith was one of Miss 
Jones's subscribers. Mr. Wagon seller was the 
cashier of the Bank of Newcastle, Pa., in 1857. Mr. 
Hubbs is Superintendent of Public Instruction in 
California (1857). Carrier was one of the monsters 
of the French Revolution. Bellman was a Swedish 
poet of the last century. 

In New York are families of Bakeman, Bakes, 
Bakewell, Bakey, Bellman, Caster, Teller, Teler, 
Ferrier, Firman, Furman, Hopman, Hosier, Ire- 
monger, Kettleman, Landesman and Marine, Mun- 
ger, Nusser, Oysterman, Payfer (" paver 1 "), 
Pearman, Pesant, Plowman, Purser, Renter, Sand- 
man, Silkman, four families of Spinning, Spiker, and 
Wasserman (i. e., " waterman ") ; also Yeoman and 
Yeoman s. Mr. Shoecraft lived in Buffalo, N.Y., in 
1855 ; also Mr. Smithhammer, Mr. Hatter, and Mr. 
Brew. In the post-office of Pottsville, Pa., Dec. 31, 
1857, was a letter to the firm of Medler and Shoe- 
maker. Mr. S. Tanner, of Newark, advertises a 
new method of tanning (Boston " Journal," Dec. 20, 
1857). 



NAMES FROM TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS. 205 

We have also families of Guild, Craft, Crafts, 
Labor, Service, Fairservice, Wares (1647), Works, 
Work, Maker ; and in England are families of Skill, 
&c. Messrs. Art and Artist live in Philadelphia. 
Mr. Hewers was subscriber to the " Odyssey." Mr. 
Works lives at Lowell, Vt. ; and Mr. Toyl, at 
Gardiner, Me. Both Mr. Laber and Mr. Laden 
live in New York. My French teacher was 
Mr. L'Ouvrier (French for " workman "). In Phi- 
ladelphia are families of Worknot and Bissey 
(" busy ? "). 

Mr. Buckholder lives at Bartonsville, C.W. ; Mr. 
Cowherd, at Bradford, C.W. ; Mr. Waggoner, at 
Baker's Corner, *C.W. ; Mr. Shoveller, at Tara, 
C.W. ; Mr. Hewer, at Guelph, C.W. ; Mr. Cuttler, 
at Toronto ; Mr. Graver, at Barrie, C.W. ; Mr. 
Playter, at Richmond Hill, C.W. ; Mr. Tinline, 
at Jordan, C.W. ; Mr. Bleacher, at Bartonsville, 
C.W. ; Mr. Dier, at Montreal. Four families of 
Clothier live at Kemptville, C.W. ; and that name 
is found at Stratford, C.W. Mr. Tanny also lives 
at Kemptville. Mr. Borrowman, of Amherstsburg, 
C.W., represents a most numerous class of trades- 
men. 

In Philadelphia are families of Backster, Basket- 
ter, Beachman, Brickman, Carman, Coachman, 
Coiner, Cookman, Cooker, Coobler (i. e., " cobbler "), 
Cornman, Cotter, Cottman, Countryman, Cropper, 
Diggs, Householder, Housekeeper; Messrs. Joyn 



206 NAMES FROM TRADES AND OCCUPATIONS. 

and Joyner ; Mr. Leatherman, Mr. Maltman, Mr. 
Nuss, Mr. Peddle, Mr. Pilot, Mr. Poleman ; five 
families of Poulterer ; Mr. Slaymaker, Mr. Spa- 
der, Mr. Sentman ; Messrs. Tinney and Tinsman ; 
Mr. Vinter, &c. 



207 



CHAPTER XXVII. 

NAMES FROM PRODUCTS AND OBJECTS OF TRADE. — NAMES 
FROM EATABLES. 

The products of the various trades and occupations 
are also most extensively represented in family names. 
Thus we have families of Sample, Barr, Staples, 
Staple, Wyre, Wier, Wyer, Winch , Hone, Ware, 
Wedge, Weld, Sickels, Barrows, Mattock, Spade 
(Mr. Spady is a son of Harvard ; Mr. Robert Raikes 
is identified with one department of philanthropy in 
Great Britain), Mallet, Tool, Lathe, Toy, Twine, 
Lines, Ropes, Felt, Mace, Coffee, Whiting, Emery, 
Dough, Glew, Pipe, Sugar, Sault, Saltonstall, 
Creamer, Milk, Alsop, Butters, Butter, Butter- 
worth, Buttermore, Bread, Roll, Maldt, Pickell, 
Pickles, Pepper, Peppers, Rick, Ricks, Segar, 
Tann, Staff, Tak, Yoke, Axel, Lindsey, Linzee, 
Silk, Wool, Woolley. Our Hendrina Boltins 
died in 1752. In New York I find families of Wool- 
sey, Wolsey, Woolley, Wooly, Woolcocks, and 
Woollen. Mr. Woolfield is an English resident at 
Cannes. 

In Philadelphia I find families of Amber, Ambers,) . 



208 NAMES FROM EATABLES. 

and Alum. Mr. Leather lives at London, C.W. ; 
Mr. Ivory, at Toronto ; Messrs. Welding and Coil, 
at Philadelphia ; also Messrs. Paist and Puttey. 
Hoops and Hooper are very common names there. 

Samuel Whitbread (or " white bread ") was one 
of Chauchard's subscribers. Mr. Rusk, of the U.S. 
Senate, died in 1857. Thomas Cakebread served as 
a grand juryman in 1637. Mr. Bredcake appears in 
1644, as does Mr. Bridecake in 1651, and Edward 
Bunn in 1642. Mr. Bread was admitted a freeman 
in 1671, as was Mr. Butter in 1665. 

In New York I find Mr. Weisbrod (t. e., " Ger- 
man for "white bread"); also Mr. Whitbread and 
Mr. Roll. I also find there Mr. Dairy, Mr. Pap- 
worth, and Mr. Sourmilk ! Mr. Cheese was mur- 
dered in New York in 1857. Lieut. T. J. Curd was 
in the Mexican war. Our John Milk made a deed 
to Ebenezer Waters, — a conjunction which, it is to 
be feared, takes place too often. Milk Street is the 
chief street in Boston for sale of manufactures. 

Mr. Lofe lives at Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Rolls, at 
Morpeth, C.W. ; Mr. Bathcake, at Owen Sound, 
C.W. ; Mr. Rusk, at Quebec ; both Mr. Butter and 
Mr. Buttrey, at London, C.W. Whitebread is also 
found at Philadelphia, and Mr. Milkey and Mr. 
Shugurgh (" sugar 1 "). A Mr. Pye lives at Quebec ; 
Mr. Jellyman, at Edwardsburg, C.W. Perhaps Mr. 
Tart, of Canada, should be classed among names 
derived from mental qualities. In Philadelphia there 



NAMES FROM EATABLES. 209 

are four families of Cake, two of Pye, two of Candy, 
and a Mr. Custard. 

In New York I find families of Cate, Cater, 
Cately, Ginger, Weyman, Pie, Pye, Pies, Piewell, 
and Py. George Pye is noticed in the Colony Re- 
cords of 1638. Rev. Robert Pye was a subscriber 
to Jones's " Miscellanies." Mrs. Pye's Poems were 
published in England in 1767 ; and Mr. Pye was 
an author in 1807. The families of Cream, Cus- 
tard, Suet, Raisin, and Pudding, seem to have 
remained in England ; as have also Alum, Balsam, 
Candy, Maceroni, Packet, Basket, Bottle, Buck- 
ett, Hamper, Jugg, Pail, Tub, and Trowell. 
Mr. Suett subscribed for Wild's Dramas (1805). 
Among the graduates of Yale, however, I find Can dee 
and Cande. Simon Rason, of Boston, got into our 
courts in September, 1857. T. J. Cloves subscribed 
for Ackerman's " History of Oxford," &c. Mr. 
Spicely lives in Kansas. At Bowdoinham, Me., are 
two named Mustard ; and that name is found 
in Philadelphia. Mr. Kenister lives in Dukes 
County. 

We have Wey, Pastree, Kandy, and Jelly. 
The last is a very common name in Salem ; where are 
also families of Honeycomb and of Creamer. Mr. 
Candee lives at New Haven ; and Mr. Cates, at 
Vassalborough, Me. 

Mrs. Pickles recently created a disturbance in a 
school because her child had been punished. Mr. 

27 



210 NAMES FROM PRODUCTS OF LABOR, ETC. 

Pickell was graduated at West Point. Mrs. Bryne 
appears in the Directory of 1857. In New York are 
families of Pickill, Pickel, Pikel, Soy, and Salt; 
and, in Philadelphia, both Pickel and Brines. Pev. 
Mr. Pickle is settled at Dumbo, C.W. Ginger is 
found at Quebec ; and Pepper, at Montreal and 
Kingston, &c. ; this being a very common name in 
Philadelphia. A Mr. Salt lives at Toronto. Mr. Salt 
is well known in connection with Belzoni's Egyptian 
researches. Samuel Salt, Esq., of the Inner Temple, 
subscribed for Jones's " Miscellanies." Mr. Winegar 
became a United-States bankrupt. Another Mr. Wi- 
negar still lives at Hartford, Conn. ; and the name is 
found in New York. Sir William Pepperell was 
distinguished in our Colonial history. Mr. Files 
lives at Gorham, Me. Mr. Fyle, Mr. File, and Mr. 
Files, all live in New York ; as does also Mr. Wyre. 
Both Wire and Wireman live in Philadelphia ; 
and Mr. Wires, at Burlington, Vt. Mr. Loom lives 
at Monterey, Mass. ; Mr. Woof, at Philadelphia. 
England had its great Cardinal Wolsey. Mr. Dyes 
was a master's mate in our navy in 1849. Mrs. Twine 
was a subscriber to the " Odyssey." In New York I 
find families of Cord, Cords, and Coil; also String 
and Sunder. The two daughters of a Mr. String, 
of South Carolina, are reported to have eloped with 
one person (November, 1857), — who thus has two 
strings to his bow. In Philadelphia are four families of 
Strayline. Our Mr. Cord has already appeared in 



NAMES FROM PRODUCTS OF LABOR, ETC. 211 

the fuel department [ante, p. 151). Messrs. Junck 
and Junk, of New York, are names of somewhat the 
same class. In the Buffalo Directory for 1855 I find 
Mr. Axe (a plane-maker), Mr. Plow, Messrs. Nail 
and Tack, and Mr. Basket. 



212 



CHAPTER XXVIII. 

NAMES FROM HORSEMANSHIP; LOCOMOTION; GAMES AND 
SPORTS. 

From locomotion and horsemanship we have the 
names of Hunt, Hunter, Huntress, Hunting, 
Chace, Chase, Traill ; also Horsman, Eider, Hide- 
out, Ryde, Driver, Rowell, Spurr, Rearer, 
O'Chaise, Schaye, Shays, Shay, Schley, Dray, 
Whains (L. 659), Wain, Waine, Whaines, Wat- 
gig (" what a gig] "), Spavin, Curry, Osler, Stabler, 
Stall, and Canter. Mr. Trueworthy Rowell lately 
made a deed. A Mr. Curry is Governor of Oregon. 
Hon. Edward Horseman is Chief Secretary for Ire- 
land (1856). Both Mr. Horsman and Mr. Horsfall 
are members of Parliament in 1857. Mr. Osler, of 
Salem, is a clergyman. Bridle was left behind in 
England ; as were also Girth, Goad, Tackle, Spokes, 
and Traveller. Perhaps our Mr. Bug gey ought to 
be regarded as a substantive rather than an adjective. 
A Mr. Buggy lives at Quebec. Mr. Hunts lives at 
Canaan, Conn. Mr. Rodewell was lost in the " Cen- 
tral America " (1857). Lieut. Steedman was in 
our navy in 1849. Rev. William Bridle, Fellow 



NAMES FROM HORSEMANSHIP. 213 

of New College, subscribed for Miss Jones's " Mis- 
cellanies ; " and a Mr. Bridle appears in the New- 
York Directory. Our Mr. Whipp should perhaps 
be mentioned here, rather than among pugnacious 
names. Mr. Raynes was tied to the matrimonial bit, 
October, 1857 ; and a Mr. Rains was a West-Point 
graduate. Mr. Champ lives in New York. 

Mr. Coache lives at St. John's, C.E. ; Mr. Van, at 
Strathroy, C.W. ; Mr. Stillwagon, at Toronto, C.W. ; 
Mr. Hurdle, at Vienna, C.W. Mr. Runners, of 
Montreal, seems to be part of a sleigh. Mr. Trace, 
of London, C.W., is more connected with tackling. 
Mr. Horseman lives at Richmond Hill, C.W. ; Mr. 
Rear, at Toronto, C.W. 

In Philadelphia are families of Buss and Cabb ; 
three families of Trucks ; also Mr. Truckless, Mr. 
Stallman, Mr. Bitting, Mr. Ridey ; and Messrs. 
Canter, Pacer, and Racer. 

In the Buffalo Directory for 1855, 1 find the names 
of Convey, Convoy, and Stager. Mr. Stage lives in 
Peoria, 111. 

In the churchyard of Christ's Church, Hampshire, 
is a momument to Walter Spurrer, who died 1693. 
Our Mr, Hack made a deed (L. 79, f. 261). Capt. 
William Hacke's " Collection of Voyages " was 
published in 1699. Perhaps these belong to the 
warlike names. Mr. Hackney, of Virginia, was 
chosen doorkeeper of Congress (December, 1857). 
Mr. Hackman lives in New York ; also Mr. Landau, 



214 NAMES FROM LOCOMOTION AND GAMES. 

six families of Stage, Mr. Stager, Mr. Stall, Mr. 
Stallman ; also Messrs. Ridabock, Ridings, and 
Todhunter (i. e., " fox-hunter "). 

Before railroads were invented, we had Carr, Cars, 
Carman, and Train ; and Mr. Brake is found in New 
York ; as are Messrs. Brakeman and Whitecar, in 
Philadelphia. Mr. Fares lives at Lobo, C.W. ; Mr. 
Crank, at Enterprise, C.W. ; and in December, 1857, 
Mr. Switch arrived here in a Cunard steamer. We 
have Sculley, Scullim, Rowe, Le Row, Bail, Balem, 
Dorey, Stearman, Shipley, and Shipman. George 
Steers was the most distinguished naval architect in 
New York or in the United States. Mr. Cockson 
lives at North Bennington, Vt. 

In games we have Showe, Gamer (1649), Gam- 
ble (L. 397), Gambell, Gambling, Card, Billiard, 
Chequer, Bassett, Hazard, Risk, Monte, Lew, 
Piquet, Chessman, Chess, Propst, Betton, Better, 
Betts, Bidwell, Deal, Deel, Dealey, Sortwell, 
Sortor, Hapgood, Luckis, Losey (L. 622, f. 206), 
Nicks, Nix, Lotts, Talley, Tally, Cue ; Wagit, 
Goodwin, Wynne, and Winn. Winslow is one of 
our chief names. Our Mr. Giles Player was whipped 
in 1638. Mr. P. Game is U. S. Consul at Guyaquil. 
Charles F. Loosey is one of the Foreign Consuls at 
New York, and Mr. Luckles is in the Directory of 
that city ; as are also families of Bett, Bidgood, 
Bidwell, Bidlow, Dealfaro, Dealling, Deally, 
Deals, Faro, Mark well, Trumpp, Trumpy, and 



names from games. 215 

Trumper ; Wager, Winlow, Winner, Winning, 
Player, Playfair, Talley, Stakem, and Stake. 
J. N. Luckey, of New York, failed in July, 1857; 
and u A. Stake " was lost in the " Central America " 
in 1857. In Buffalo, N.Y., in 1855, I find both 
Gambler and Winner. Royal G. Stakely made a 
losing venture as one of Walker's fillibusters. Mr. 
Staker lives at Farmerville, C.W. ; Mr. Counter, 
at Kingston, C.W., and at Stratford, C.W. ; Mr. Losie, 
at Whitby, C.W. ; Mr. Lots, at Quebec. Mr. Deal, 
of Canada, took out a patent in 1847. 

In Philadelphia are families of Winning, Wins- 
more ; four families of Winpenny ; Messrs. Game- 
well and Gamester (Gammble is a very common 
name there) ; Mr. Staker, Mr. Pharo, Mr. Trumpp, 
and eight families of Trump. One of the Cunard 
steamers is commanded by Capt. Lott. Rev. Mr. 
Betsworth was one of Miss Jones's subscribers ; as 
were also Lewis Pry&e, Esq., and Francis Winning- 
ton, M.P. In Westminster Abbey is a monument 
to Sir Charles Wager. Gluck (the German for 
" luck ") is a distinguished musical composer. 

Perhaps Mr. Better should be placed . here, 
rather than with Good and Best. Miss Card made 
a deed in L. 522, f. 51. In our Directory for 1835, 
and also for 1857, are families of Card. Judge 
Betts is a United-States District Judge in New York ; 
and in the Directory of that city are Wist and 
Whistpot ! Mr. Burlingame is our member of Con- 



216 NAMES FROM GAMES AND SPORTS. 

gress. Dr. Wager is a physician at Burlington, Vt. 
Mr. Dicy lives at Alton, N.H. ; Mr. Bidwell, at Lang- 
don, N.H. ; Mr. Pack, at Tolland, Conn. ; Mr. Dealing, 
at Bangor, Me. In England are also found families 
of Cards, Whist, Wager, Luck, Goodluck, Has- 
luck, and Loss. Among English writers are more 
than one named Raffles. Rev. A. Dyce collected 
Webster's Dramas. John Winpenny subscribed for 
Ackerman's " History of Oxford," &c. Among the 
subscribers to the " Odyssey " is Mr. Pack. Player's 
case, and Trumper's, are cited by Dane. Luck's 
Poems were published in 1727. A Mr. Luck lives 
in Montreal ; and Mr. Lucke, at Great Barrington. 
One of the best text-books on the Law of Powers 
was written by Chance ; and eight families of Chance 
live in Philadelphia. Rev. Mr. Unwin was a sub- 
scriber to Thomson's " Seasons." Playfair is emi- 
nent. Betterton was a well-known English actor. 
Mr. Bidder is Superintendent of the Grand Trunk 
Railway. There has been a good deal of Gambling 
at Harvard College in old times ; but only two gra- 
duates bear that name. There is a Judge Gamble in 
Missouri. 

In sports we have also Kyte, Topp, Toy, Scates, 
Bowles, Bowler, Ball, and Balls ; also Fowler, 
Winshot (1640), Gunning, &c. Mr. Keitt, of South 
Carolina, is member of Congress (1857). Miss 
Mary Topp was among us as early as 1653. The 
most celebrated beauties in English society in the last 



NAMES FROM SPORTS. 217 

century were the two Irish Miss Gunnings. A suit 
is pending (1856) between Ames and Sparrow. Our 
Mr. Dodavah Scates has, in all respects, a peculiar 
name. The Chief Justice of Illinois is named Scates. 
B. D. Sleight is an undergraduate of Yale. Mr. 
Tourney, of Tennessee," is a U. S. Senator. Mr. 
Foyll was one of Miss Jones's .subscribers ; as were 
also Mrs. Keyt, Rev. Mr. Kyte, and Rev. Dr. Bowles. 
Charles Kite, Esq., subscribed for Chauchard's maps. 
Mr. Masker and Mr. Skate live in New York. 

In Philadelphia are seventeen families of Kite ; 
also Shuttle, Shuttlesworth, Tennis, and Sportes. 
Mr. Rattel lives at Abercrombie East, C.E. ; and Mr. 
Rattle, at London, C.W. At Quebec are three fami- 
lies of Gunner ; and that name is also found at 
Hamilton, C.W. 



218 



CHAPTER XXIX. 

NAMES FROM WAR AND FIGHTING. 

!From war we derive the names of Warr, Warfield, 
Goare(1658), Gore, McGory, Blood, Slaughter, 
Conquest, Ambush, Archer, Arms, Armor, Armour, 
Bowe, Bowes, Bowman, Arculus (" a little bow "), 
Broadbent, Bills, Brounbill (" an old weapon "), 
Billman, Carabine, Carribine, Fletcher (from 
fleche, " an arrow "), Knight, Shield, Shields, Sword 
(L. 61, f. 50), Swords, Hilt, Tilt, Passe, Dagger 
(L. 134, f. 183), Dart (died 1801), Gauntlet, Tar- 
get, Tent, Camp, Campbell, Champion, Herald, 
Sentry ; also Lancey, Lance, Spear, Spiers, 
Poignard, Pike, Pierce, Stabbs, Staab, Hackett, 
Hews, Cutts, Mangles, Killin (L. 174), Kilgore, 
Kilbride, Kilm aster (1641), Killman (September, 
1857), Killer, Killy, Slane, Gunn, Cannon, Pow- 
derly, Wadwell, Prime, Ames, Schott, Shotter, 
Shute,* Boomer, Bang, Bangs, Pinkham, Hitt, 
Salyo, Brunt, Battle, Battelle, Battles, Batter, 
Battery, Batterman, Shatter, Train, Trainer, 
Solger, Forward, March, JSTewmarch, Drummer, 

* Shute is probably from chute (" a fall "). 



names from war. 219 

Drummey, Flagg, Pennant, Banner, Buntin, Garri- 
son, Troup, Troop, Gard (1667), Valory, Foss, Dan- 
gers, Router, Winfield, &c. Our Winship has a 
good name for a naval hero. We have also among us 
the German names of Held (" hero "), Heldenbrand, 
Degen (" sword "), and Bogen (" bow "), &c. Mr. 
Powder, of Roxbury, was killed on a Boston railroad 
(October, 1857). In Stowe, Vt., is Mr. Sallies ; in 
Fairfax, Vt, Mr. H albert. Our Mr. Gauntlett 
died in 1852. Mr. Marchall lives in New Haven. 
Lieut. Newmarch lives in Lynn ; and Col. John V. 
Plume, at Lake Mohapac, N.J. (1857). Many 
Plumes are also found in New York. Florida has 
its Judge Forward; Alabama, its Judge Rapier; 
and California, its Judge Dangerfield. Lieut. 
Drum figures in the troubles in Kansas ; and in the 
New- York Directory are families of Drum, Drumm, 
and Drummer. Mr. Cocking lives at Woodstock, 
Conn., and also in Philadelphia ; Mr. Truce, at Le- 
vant, Me. Dane cites the case of Mr. Chal- 
lenger. 

Mr. Buckler lives at Montreal ; Mr. Halbert, at 
Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Ponton, at Belleville, C.W. 
Hendershot is a common name in Canada, as at 
Cashmere, C.W., and Jarvis, C.W., &c. Mr. Parry- 
man lives at Acton, C.W. ; Mr. Guard, at Hamilton, 
C.W. ; Mr. Spearin, at St. Nicholas, C.E. ; Mr. 
Shotter, at Erin, C.W. ; Mr. Gory, at To- 
ronto ; Mr. Kilboy, at Kingston, C.W. ; Mr. Bug- 



220 NAMES FROM WAR. 

ler, at London, C.W. ; Mr. Gunne, at Florence, 
C.W. 

In Philadelphia are families of Warder, Sapper, 

CoRNETT, FURLOW, PASS, ARROW, DaRT, DaGER, MuS- 

ket, Bigonet (i. e., " bayonet "), Blade, Atack, and 
two families of Conquest. 

Among the West-Point graduates I find the names 
of Drum, Swords, Shields, Bledsoe, -Hendershot, 
and Slaughter. In the Directory of Buffalo, N.Y., 
for 1855, are families of Blade, Muster, and Kill ; 
also of Pax (" peace "). 

Dr. Stabb is at the head of the Lunatic Asylum 
of Newfoundland (1857). Rev. Mr. Shuter was one of 
Miss Jones's subscribers ; as were also Mrs. W^arry, 
Mr. Mash, Mr. Armorer, and Rev. Mr. Buckler. 
Sir Alexander Bannerman is Governor of Newfound- 
land (1857). Sir A. Spearman is a public man in 
England. George Gun, Esq., subscribed for Chau- 
chard's maps. Pennant is a well-known English 
writer. Dr. Plot's work is of local interest in 
Northampton, England. Byron's Miss Chaworth 
became Mrs. Musters. La Guerre was a well- 
known engraver at the end of the last century. Mr. 
Warley was a passed midshipman in our navy in 
1849. Miss Waddy subscribed for W T ild's Dramas 
(1805). Shakespeare is the greatest name in Eng- 
lish literature. 

An ancient weapon and modern means of attack 
and defence are united in the name of Bow- 



NAMES FROM WAR. 221 

ditch.* Mr. Wardwell has a good name for resistance. 
By a singular coincidence, I do not find the name of 
Peace anywhere in Massachusetts, except in Salem. 
It is, however, found in New York ; and, in Phila- 
delphia, there are three families of Peace, and Mr. 
Peaceport. Dane mentions a suit brought by Mr. 
Peaceable. Mr. Victory lately died in Marblehead. 
There are, in New York, three families of Victor and 
Victory. In Philadelphia I find two families of Vic- 
tor. Mr. Victorson appears in our Directory for 
1857. Mr. Hero, of Milford, successfully pursued a 
person who stole his hay (August, 1857). In Eng- 
land there are families of Passe, Dagger, Lance, 
Muskett, Pistol, Armory, Blades, Challenger, 
Cockshott, Officer, &c. J. S. Muskett was a sub- 
scriber to Ackerman's " History of Oxford." Rev. 
James Shooter published an interesting account of 
the Kaffirs. New Jersey has its Judge Arrowsmith. 
Mr. Arrowsmith is a cotton-broker in Liverpool. I 
find also, in 1800, the names of Fort and Furlow. 
There was an English author named Wadd in 1811. 
Dane cites the case of Mr. Thrustout. Rev. Mr. 
Warrey was a subscriber to Thomson's "Seasons." 
Mr. Valliant was an English engraver. Among our 
Massachusetts physicians are Drs. Champion, Hero, 
and Camp ; and our lawyers furnish Mr. Manley 



* This name is said to be derived from an ancient encampment near Chew 
Magna, in the county of Somerset, England. A family of the name is found in the 
neighboring county of Dorset. — Dixon on Surnames. 



222 NAMES FROM FIGHTING. 

and Mr. Ensign. A recent graduate of Harvard Col- 
lege is named Riggin Buckler. 

In names from fighting, we have Bickers, 
Bralley, Harras, Taunt, Madden, Coyle, Clash, 
Lash, Lasher, Wagstaff, Whalen, Hasham 
(L. 97, f. 67), Faught, Pounder, Pushee, Punch, 
Thresher, Feight, Whippen, Whipping, Backer, 

BOXALL, BlCKERSTAFF, KNOCK, KNOX, NoCK (1665), 

Cuff, Hurll, Lynch, Clinch, Maul, Gouge, and 
Burk. Mr. Buffet is a graduate of Yale. J. Bicker, 
Esq., subscribed for Chauchard's maps ; as did 
the Right Hon. Lady Ann Wallop for Jones's 
" Miscellanies." Schiller's " Robbers " was trans- 
lated by Render (1799). Weale is the celebrated 
publisher of architectural works. Mr. Nock, of 
Windsor Locks, Conn., failed in 1857. Mr. Wag- 
staff, of New York, having made an assault, was 
killed in 1857. Messrs. Bravo and Brother, of 
Jamaica, belying their name, displayed great huma- 
nity towards slaves brought into that island in 1857. 
In New York are families of Backen, Backer, Harm, 
Harms ; fifteen families of Striker ; ten of Stryker ; 
also Strip, Struck, Strucke, Stun, and Wacker. 

Mr. Striker is postmaster at Bloomfield, C.W. 
Mr. Strike lives at Perrytown, C.W. ; Mr. Lasher, 
at Col Saree, C.W. ; Mr. Trouse, at Chelsea, C.E. ; 
Mr. Clench, at Cobourg, C.W. ; Mr. Hackwell, at 
Boscobel, C.E. ; Mr. Hacking, at Listorel, C.W. ; 
Mr. Strype, at Mono Mills, C.W. ; Mr. Beat, at 



NAMES FROM FIGHTING. 223 

Gore, C.E. ; Mr. Dirkin and Mr. Club, at London, 
C.W. ; Mr. Harms, at Hamilton, C.W. ; Mr. Stick- 
ler, at Lancaster, C.W. 

In the Directory of Buffalo, N.Y., for 1855, are 
families of Maul, Fister, Kick, &c. 

In Philadelphia are families of Backer, Banger, 
Banghart, Wallop, Clubbe, Tingle, Tingleman, 
Tingley, Crasher, Harmer, Pfister, Pound, Rouw, 
Stryker and Striker ; Stun ; twelve families of 
Fite, and twenty-nine families of Butcher, — a queer 
assortment for the city of brotherly love ! 

Capt. Boxer is at the Woolwich Arsenal in Eng- 
land. Miss Boxer, of Quebec, was passenger in a 
Cunard steamer (November, 1857). Nathaniel 
Rench died at Fulham, England, a hundred and one 
years old (1783). In Wirks worth Church, England, 
is the tomb of Francis Hurt, Esq., of Alderwasley 
(1854). Charles Hurt, Esq., subscribed for Chau- 
chard's maps ; and a Mr. Hurt, at the South, mur- 
dered his wife (July, 1857). Mr. Whippey lives at 
Nantucket. Mr. Thrash died at our hospital in 
October, 1857. Perhaps Thrasher should be intro- 
duced into this company, rather than among fishes. 
Mr. Thresher made a deed (L. 726, f. 158). Mr. 
Whipp is found in South Lyme, Conn. ; and both 
Whip and Whipp, in New York. Mr. Pfister is 
Quartermaster-General of Alabama. Mr. Strokes 
lives in Manchester, N.H. Mr. Stryker was a candi- 
date for the mayoralty of Brooklyn, N.Y. Mr. Fling 



224 



NAMES FROM FIGHTING. 



lives in Gardiner, Me. Mr. Harmar is a graduate of 
Yale. Mr. Harms, a distinguished German preacher, 
was born 1778. Mr. Hurter lives at Littleton, 
Conn.-; Mr. Bumpus, at Wareham, Mass. Who has 
not heard of Strype's " Annals and Memorials " 1 
Gouge's " Domestic Duties," published in 1634, is 
less generally known ; as is the publication of Mr. 
Cuffe in 1633. The ancestor of our Mr. Ammidown 
was probably floored. 



225 



CHAPTER XXX. 

NAMES FROM DISEASES; MEDICINES; AND DRINKING NAMES. 

From diseases we have the names Fitt (1673), Fitts, 
Fitz, Secic, Byles, Bilye, Aiken, Ayling, Ricketts, 
Goutier, Bane, Banes, Bain, Wenbane (1645), 
Fatal, &c * Dr. Badarague (" bad-air ague % ") died 
in Boston Harbor (October, 1857). Mr. Phelon lives 
in Chelsea, Mass. Mr. Fever year was a graduate at 
Harvard ; as were Mr. Mesick and Mr. Coffing 
at Yale. Fyt was a Dutch printer of note. Mr. 
Ailman lives at Newport, R.I. Mr. Cramp, of Nova 
Scotia, subscribed for Agassiz' work. Messrs. Aik- 
man and Akyng live in New York ; also Mr. Grips. 
In England are found families of Headache, Cramp, 
Fever, Ague, Aikman, Akenside, Bunyan, and even 
Gumboil and Pimple. Mr. Bayne is a distinguished 
English author. Mr. Mange is consul for Belgium 
at New York. Piles's " Lives of Painters " is re- 
commended in the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. Mr. 



* Quincy I do not add to my list of diseases ; for that name is borne by one 
among us who unites the fire of youth to the wisdom of age. Like the monarch of 
the forest, still crowned with verdure, in him is fulfilled the promise of Holy Writ, 
" His leaf also shall not wither." It is needless to add, that 1 refer to Hon. Josiah. 
Quincy, late President of Harvard College. 

29 



226 NAMES FROM DISEASES. 

Gumbell and Mr. Boils live in New York ; and 
Mr. Glander, of New York, has also an unpleasant 
name. I find there, likewise, families of Sick, Sick- 
man, Lefever, Measel, Piles, Pock, Twitchings, 
Tumer ; three families of Wart, two of Warts, two 
of Wartman ; also Wortt, Worts, Wortman, Wen- 
ning, Wenman, and Whitelaw (i. e., " whitlow] "). 

Lepper is a very common name in Canada, at Auro- 
ra, C.W., St. Catherine's, C.W., Toronto, C.W., &c. 
Three families of Cramp live in Montreal ; also Mr. 
Surgeon and Mr. Patient. This latter name, per- 
haps, indicates a gentle disposition. Messrs. Whit- 
law and Felon also live there. Felon may, perhaps, 
be traced to a more questionable origin than a mere 
bodily ailment. Mr. Flux lives at Kingston, C.W. ; 
Mr. Mesill, at Snow Village, C.W. ; Mr. Kauffman, 
at Toronto, C.W., where I also find Messrs. Sorely, 
Warty, Whitelow, and Witheron. 

In Philadelphia are families of Ake, Ache, Akens, 
Akey, Achey, Aker, and Akin, — a most numerous 
delegation ; Mr. Wart ; two families of Dropsie ; 
fourteen families of Cramp ; Mr. Coffman, Mr. Stag- 
ers, Mr. Vitus (" St. Vitus's dance % "), Mr. Illman ; 
Messrs. Sick, Sickman, and Sickling. 

In Buffalo, N.Y., in 1855, were families of Fester, 
Prickle (before mentioned), Pharnambucey (" phar- 
macy'?"), and Newback. Mr. Liver, of that city, is 
probably descended from one who had that organ dis- 
eased. A letter addressed to Thomas Pilling was 



NAMES FROM DISEASES AND MEDICINES. 227 

advertised at the Potts ville post-office, Dec. 31, 
1857. 

Mr. Headeach was a subscriber to the Macklin 
Bible. 

As an offset to these names, we have Truss, Set- 
right, POTTECARY, LeACH, LeECH, HeALEY, HeAL, 

Heald, Wellman, Wombwell, Bloodgood, Mixer, 
Messer, Pillsbury, Seton, Wormwood, Garlick, 
Hartshorn, Tansey, Marjoram, Mullen, Cruse 
(L. 229), Kruse, &c. 

Mr. Goodyear lives at Caledonia, C.W. Mr. Well 
lives at Loretto, C.E. ; Mr. Healing, at Montreal ; 
Mr. Messmore, at Port Dalhousie, C.E. ; Mr. Pill- 
man, at Stratford, C.W. 

In Philadelphia are families of Alwell, Cure, 
Bitters. Mr. Splint seems born for surgery. Mr. 
Somwell, of that city, has a convalescent name ; and 
Mr. Longwell seems to have dispensed with medical 
attendance. k 

In London I find (1858) families of Hadrot and 
Pilbeam ; Sweatman and Dietman ; Mr. Crutch ; 
and, as a matter of course, Mr. Motion, &c. The 
Medici family is one of the most eminent in history. 
Disease and health seem to be contending in the suit 
of Coughamour vs. Bloodgood, reported 27 Penn. 
State Rep. 285. A Mr. Mix was a Harvard gra- 
duate : others of the name now live at New Haven, 
and at Warren, Vt. Mrs. Messum is a nurse in New 
York. A Mr. Pilling is found at Stockbridge, and 



228 NAMES FROM DISEASES AND MEDICINES. 

another at Lynnfield. Mr. Pellett lives in Spencer. 
Mr. Stillweel lives at Fall River, Mass ; and there 
was in our navy, in 1849, a midshipman of that name. 
Motherwell's Poems are familiar to us all. Mr. 
Motherwell lives at Stratford, C.W. Cruise's 
" Digest " is one of the best text-books of English law. 
Cruice's Poems were published in 1857 in England ; 
and Leadbitter is found there. Mr. Vigor, and 
even Mr. Health himself, lives in New York ; where 
are also found families of Pill, Salts, Tingle, and 
Wel. Mr. Weller (not Samuel) also lives there. 
In England are families of Pilley, Purge, &c. Lieut.- 
Col. Cure was wounded at the assault on the Redan. 
There was a John Soda in Queen Elizabeth's time. 
Dr. Toothaker, of Middlesex County, is a general 
practitioner, not a mere dentist. Mr. Prickett, a 
midshipman in our navy (1849), probably never 
wielded the lancet. Dr. Bump, of Freetown, is not 
exclusively a surgeon; nor was Mr. Thomas Bump, 
of Bristol County, a mere criminal lawyer. This 
family is widely extended. Thus Mrs. Patience J. 
Bump lives in Mantua, Ohio. 

Habits of intemperance are so fruitful a cause of 
disease, that names derived from these two sources 
may well be classed together. 

Besides the numerous list of drinking names 
alluded to in p. 21, we have Inman, Dryman, Ta- 
verner, Bibbins, Tift, Tapley, Pottle (L. 618, f. 47), 
Cordial, Ginn (L. 439, f. 100), Corker, Sherry, 



drinking names. 229 

Ciders, Mull, Mullery, Rumsell, Rummer, Rumery, 
&c. The name of Sipple, perhaps corrupted from 
Tipple, occurs in L. 679. 

Gingrass has been before mentioned (p. 59) as a 
very common name in Canada. There are fifty- 
seven families of it in Quebec. Mr. Portt lives 
at Adare, C.W. ; Mr. Allport, at Churchville, 
C.W. ; Mr. Beveridge, at Hamilton, C.W. Mr. 
Wincup (" wine-cup ") lives at Willowdale, C.W. ; 
Mr. Beer, at Bourg Louis, C.E., and Orono, C.W. ; 
Mr. Tiplin, at Kingston, C.W. Messrs. Sippet 
and Spilling both live at Toronto ; Mr. Giddy, 
at Cobourg, C.W. ; Mr. Slooman, at London, C.W. ; 
Mr. Booze, at Mid Grove, C.W. ; Mr. Boosey, at 
Romney, C.W. ; Mr. Reel, at Port Hope, C.W. Mr. 
Swigg is town-clerk at Pictou, C.W. Mr. Tapper 
lives at Cherry Creek, C.W. ; Mr. In sell and Mr. 
Barnight, at London. C.W. Mr. Inright, of Que- 
bec, is perhaps in wrong among this company. 

In Philadelphia are families of Winpress (i. e., 
" wine-press "), Allely, Sack, Popp, Madera, Mull, 
Mullincup, Kork, Plug, Booz and Boozer, Fresh, 
Sipler, Siples, Sippel, Sipple, and Sipps. 

J. B, Sippet was convicted in Middlesex County 
(November, 1857) for a violation of the liquor-law. 
Mrs. Tiffts lived in Salem. In Ohio there, is a town 
named Tiffin. Mr. Tiffen lives in London (1858). 
We have the names of Dreyer and Mugridge. Mr. 
Cater lives at Barrington, N.H. Mr. Potwin and 



230 DRINKING NAMES. 

Mr. Potwine are both Yale graduates. John Bar- 
more was wrecked in the " Central America " (1857). 
In the Directory of 1857 is Mr. Orum ("O rum!"), 
and four families of that name live in Philadelphia. 
Mr. Drinkard was appointed Chief Clerk in the 
war-department at Washington in 1857. Mr. Swig- 
ert is Clerk of the Courts at Kentucky. Mr. Branda 
is consul for Belgium at Norfolk, Va. Mr. In keep, 
of Iowa, was married October, 1857. Mr. Bibbler, of 
Berwick, Ohio, failed in September, 1857. Mr. 
Fresher sailed for Liverpool in a Cunard steamer 
(December, 1857). 

In the New- York Directory I find Beer (well 
spelt), Firehock, Hock, Popp, Poppe, Sack, Sherrey, 
Sherry, Wein, Wines, Creter, Dram, Bibber, Bib- 
bins, Distill, Corkery, Colthirst (i.e., cold thirst," — 
a name indicative of a wish for something warming), 
Ripps, Rover, Row, Sackmann, Sipp, Zipp, Zippill, 
Tapper, Tappy, Treter, Reel, Weiner, Weiners, 
Weinman, Wineman, Winehart, Weinstock, Wine- 
stock, Weingartner, Winegardner; also the ex- 
pressive names of Swiger and Whiskeyman. Mr. 
Sauerwein (" sour wine") lives in Baltimore (1858). 
In the Buffalo Directory for 1855, I find Sourwine, 
Lightwine, Tosspot, Beer, and Port ; and, in the 
Peoria Directory for 1858, Mess, Sip, and Fill- 
drought. 

In England are families of Sack, Rum, Ale, Dram, 
Drunken, Gin, Claret, Coignac, Port, Drinkmilk, 



drinking names. 231 

Drinkdregs, Pledger, Dryer, Somedry, Sober, 
Muddle, Tipple, and Udrink. Champagne was a 
Flemish painter. One Mr. Lees lives at Westport, 
Conn. ; another, at Winchendon, Mass. ; and Mr. 
Driggs, at Cheshire, Conn. Another Mr. Pottle 
lives at Northport, Me. ; Mr. Beeker, at Fitchbnrg, 
Mass. Beveredge's Works were published in 1720. 
Bishop Beveridge's " Thoughts on Eeligion " are 
recommended by the Harvard Catalogue of 1773. 
Col. Drought was wounded in. a sortie from Delhi 
(1857) ; and two privates of that name served on this 
continent a hundred years ago, under Rogers (see his 
Journal in 1765). Cheare's Works were published 
in 1668; Philopot's Works, in 1672; and Glass's 
Works, in 1752. Among the subscribers to Thom- 
son's " Seasons " is Mrs. Sober. 



232 



CHAPTER XXXI. 

NAMES FROM EJACULATIONS, &c. 

We have families of Butt, Orr, From, Thus, How, 
Ware, Watt, and Wye. Whatman's drawing- 
paper is advertised among us. Dane cites the case of 
Mr. Yea. Mrs. Yea was a subscriber to Jones's 
" Miscellanies." In New York are the names of Ask, 
Askin, Askins. We have Licet (" although ") ; 
and, in England, there exist families of And, By, 
Truly, Ho, Hum, Lo, Yett, Try, Helpusgod, Bythe- 
way, Pugh, and Hangitt. Orr's Sermons were 
published in 1739 ; and Over's Architecture in 1758. 
Mr. Over lives in New York. An ancient English 
navigator was named With. With's " Railroad 
Accidents " was translated and published in Boston in 
1856. Mr. About has written about Greece. Dane 
cites a case of Mr. Always. Mr. Alway made a 
deed (L. 45, f. 2). Mr. Alloway lives at Hamilton, 
C.W. ; and Mr. Alway, at Philadelphia. Within the 
present year, there has been recorded a deed to Mr. 
Only (L. 694). Mr. Dickins appears in our records 
(1650). Among the graduates of Harvard College, 
I find the names of See and Pugh. 



NAMES FROM EJACULATIONS, ETC. 233 

Mr. Malison was a United-States bankrupt. Mr. 
Benison appears in our Directory for 1857. Mr. Dam- 
min is mentioned in our records (1665). England 
has had its Archbishop Laud, who was very much 
detested. Lady Cust published the " Invalid's Own 
Book." Mr. Kerse* made a deed (L. 702, f. 82). 
In New York are families of Bless and Blessing ; 
also Pardee (i.e., "pardieu"), Sworn, Darner, Cus- 
him, Cursin, Dambmann, and Damm. In Philadel- 
phia I find both Blessing and Blest, Damman and 
Demme. Mr. Damm lives in London (1858). Miss 
Fudge changed her name by matrimony, doubtless 
for the better, in July, 1856. I do not know whether 
she was connected with the family whose travels in 
Paris form one of the most amusing works of fiction 
in the language. Mr. Mygatt (" my God ! ") lives at 
New Milford, Conn. ; and also in New York. Mr. 
Migeod lives in Philadelphia; Mr. Purdeu ("par 
Dieu "), at Chelsea ; Pudor (" oh, shame ! "), at Port- 
land, Me. Mr. Hugh Pugh is found in Guilford, Vt. ; 
and Mr. Pishon lives at Vassalborough, Me. Mr. 
Harrah (" hurrah ! ") arrived here in a Cunard 
steamer (November, 1857). We have the name of 
Oomen. Mr. John E. Portent, of Charleston, S.C., 
was appointed consul to Oporto, July, 1857. 

The English have the names of Bigod, Bygod, Oly- 
father, &c. Dickens is the most popular writer of the 
age. Mr. Bosch is found among the graduates of Yale. 

* This means a " bulrush." 
:J0 



234 NAMES FROM EJACULATIONS, ETC. 

Mr. Bosh lives in New York ; where are also found 
families of Augh ! Ahoa ! Oeh ! Letts and Letus, 
Pahview ! Presto ! Perdue, and Wrely (" really "). 
We have the word Swares ; also the ejaculations 

GODSOE, GODSO, GORHEY, GoRI, SlREE, MYHE, HlST, 

Ha ark, Harke, Selah, List, Look, and Fab, well. 
Mr. Adee ("adieu") is a graduate of Yale. 

Mr. Ough lives at Cobourg, C.W., and at Holland 
Landing, C.W. ; Mr. Lor, at Drummondville, C.W. ; 
Mr. Fye, at Montreal ; Messrs. Tutt and Tutty, at 
Toronto, C.W. ; Mr. Gorrie, at Richmond, C.E. ; Mr. 
Gorry, at Yorkville, C.W. ; Mr. Weldone, at La- 
colle, C.E. ; Mr. Holady, at Toronto ; Mr. Goodeve, 
at Cobourg, C.W. Mr. Fain was graduated at West 
Point. 

In Philadelphia are seventeen families of Weldon ; 
Mr. Wist, Mr. Ahem ! Mr. Allbutt ; Messrs. Fey, 
Fie, and Phy ; Mr. Off, Mr. Pish, Mr. Poe, Mr. 
Poh, Mr. Pue, Mr. Sartain, Mr. Heugh, Mr. Hey, 
Mr. Hark, Mr. Biddam (an emphatic word), Mr. 
Achuff (sounding like a sneeze), Mr. Bye, and 
Mr. Bibi (an infant's adieu). 

Mr. Finis lives at Almira, C.W. ; Mr. Farewell, 
in Albany, Vt. ; and Mr. Goodby is a clergyman in 
East Poultney, Vt. 



235 



CHAPTER XXXII. 

SURNAMES FROM CHRISTIAN NAMES; OR ENDING IN OLD SAXON 

WORDS. 

Many Christian names appear among us as surnames ; 
as Aaron, Abel, Abner, Abraham (1682), Adam, 
Albert, Alfred, Alonzo, Ambrose, Amos, Andrew, 
Antonio, Angus, Archibald, Archbald, Arthur, 
Asher, Augustus, Gustus, Guss, Barnaby, Bartho- 
lomew, Bartemas, Ben, Benn, Benjamin, Calvin, 
Christopher, Casper, Carl (German for " Charles "), 
Charles, Claude, Conrad, Cornelius, Daniell, 
David, Donald, Duncan, Edgar, Edward, Edmond, 
Eli, Ely, Elisha, Enos, Enoch, Ezekiel (L. 593, 
f. 94), Felix, Ferdinand, Francis, Frederick, 
George, Gilbert, Giles, Godfrey, Gregory, Hen- 
ry, Hosea, Humphrey, Hugh, Isaac, Littlejohn, 
James, Job, Joseph, Joshua, Lawrence, Leonard, 
Leopold, Levi, Lewis, Luke, Luther, Manuel, 
Melvin, Moses, Nathan, Nicholas, Oliver, Patrick, 
Paul, Peter, Philo, Ralph, Roger (L. 167, f. 281), 
Roland, Sampson, Samuel (1656), Saul, Solomon, 
Standfast (1650), Stephen (L. 630), Shadrach, 
Thomas, Thom, Tristram (1653), Titus, Tobias, 



236 surnames from christian names. 

Tobey, Tobie, Uriah (1653), Vivian, Will, Willey. 
To this list should be added all the female names 
enumerated ante, p. 54-56. 

Mr. Goodwillie lives at Montreal; Mr. Good- 
Frederick, at Kingston, C.W. ; Mr. Meiklejohn, at 
Quebec ; Mr. Tom, at Port Hope, C.W. ; Mr. Jerry, 
at Toronto. 

Among the West-Point graduates are Mr. Marma- 
duke and Mr. Nicodemus. 

In Philadelphia are families of Benny, Ezra, 
Hugh, Natt, Noah, and Silas. Mr. Fred lived in 
Buffalo, N.Y., in 1855. 

Walter has been eminent in the editorial line, — 
at the head of the great London " Times " and of our 
little " Transcript." George Gideon, jun., was an 
engineer in our navy in 1849. Mr. Bennie lives in 
New York ; also families of Caleb, Gyles, Jonas, 
Marcus, Nathan, Peterkin, Simon, Tobias, Wil- 
helm and Willhelm (German for " William "), and 
Wilhelmy. Will's " Analysis " appeared in London 
in 1856. Mr. Tims was a subscriber to the " Odys- 
sey." Jesse is a well-known English writer. Sammes's 
"Britannia Antiqua " appeared in 1676. We had 
two members of the bar named respectively Benja- 
min James and James Benjamin. In Salem are 
families of Dan, Noah, Saul, and Nick. 

A vast number of surnames are derived from Chris- 
tian names by the prefix of Ap, Mac, or Fitz ; 
or by the addition of Son at the end ; or of Cock, used 



SURNAMES FROM CHRISTIAN NAMES. 237 

as a diminutive (as, " my little cock "). Thus Adam 
gives us Adams, &c. ; Andrew gives Andrews, &c. ; 
Benjamin gives Benson (perhaps Bentson is also 
thus derived); David gives Davids, Davis, Davies, 
Davidson, Davison ; Edward gives Edson ; Eleanor 
gives Nelson ; Hugh gives Hughes, Huse, &c. ; 
Isaac gives Isaacks, Hiscock, &c. ; Jacob gives 
Jacobs ; John gives Jones, Jackson, Johnson, Jack, 
&c, and even Hancock; Nathan gives Nathanson ; 
Nicholas gives Nichols ; Oliver gives Noll ; Peter 
gives Peters, Peterson, and even Perkins, Pierce, 
Parr, &c. ; Richard gives Richards, Richardson, 
Dick, Dicks, Dix, Dickson, Dixon, Dickman, &c. ; 
Robert gives Roberts, Robertson, Robinson, &c. 
Babsou is perhaps Bobson. Saul gives Sauls ; 
Stephen gives Stevens, Stevenson, Stephenson, &c. ; 
Samuel gives Samuels, Sampson. Thomas gives 
Thompson, Timothy, Timson, &c. ; William gives 
Williams, Williamson, Bilson, &c. 

The firm of Fitshugh and Littlejohn, of Oswego, 
failed in 1857. A Mr. Jack is a graduate of Yale. 
This name popularly indicates a lack of intellect. 
Paulsen (" Paul's son ") is the American Philidor. 
He played at one time (October, 1857), in New York, 
five games of chess, blindfolded, beating in four of 
them ; the fifth being a drawn game ; evincing a power 
of abstraction and memory unparalleled in the history 
of the world. Ten families of Molson live in Mon- 
treal ; Mr. Peterkin, at Toronto, C. W. ; and in 



238 NAMES ENDING IN OLD SAXON WORDS. 

Philadelphia are families of Aaronson, Albertson, 
Peterwharf, &c. I find, in 1828, a Mr. Sams, of 
Darlington, England. 

Barry and Parry are both supposed to be derived 
from Ap Harry, Austin from St. Augustine, 
Hodges from Roger, Hallet from Allan, Tudor 
from Theodore, Timmins from Timothy, Everett 
from Everard, Ellis from Elias ; and Bryant, Du- 
rant, Dodd, Eddy, Edes, Goodwin, Hammond, 
Harding, Harvey, Searle, Sewall, and Warner, 
are all said to be derived from obsolete Christian 
names. Cradock is from the Welsh Christian name 
Caradoc. 

Many names, derived from the Saxon or other 
sources, are made up of endings or parts which had 
an appropriate meaning. Thus Cott is an abbre- 
viation of " cottage ; " Endicott, " cottage at the 
end;" Middlecott, &c. ; Prescott, or "priest's cot- 
tage." Perhaps, however, this stands for " prest- 
coat," derived from a tailor. Brad means " broad ; " 
and Ing, " a meadow ; " Brading, " broad meadow." 
Ing also means " progeny ; " as in Dearing, &c. 
Hame, or Ham, means " a home," " farm," or " a 
village ; " as, Cunningham, Brigham. Sall means 
"a hall;" as, Ingersall,* "meadow hall." Bury, 
"a house;" as, Bradbury, &c. Ford and Bridge; 
as, Sandford or Sanford, and the seats of the two 



* Dixon, in his second edition of " Surnames," defines Lxgersoll as " Inger's 
hall or palace." 



NAMES ENDING IN OLD SAXON WORDS. 239 

^reat universities, — Oxford and Cambridge. Brad- 
ford is one of our first names. Pont means " a 
bridge ; " as in Pierpont, Woodbridge. Forth 
means " a way ; " as, Danforth. Throp, or Thrope, 
means " a village ; " as, Winthrop, " wine village." 
Ledge or Lidge ; as, Coolidge, &c. Dike or Ditch ; 
as, Thorndike, Babbidge or Babbage, Bowditch. 
Shaw, " a small, shady wood ; " as, Bradshaw : it is 
itself one of our chief names. Croft, " a little enclo- 
sure near a house ; " as, Bancroft. Wold, " a 
plain ; " as, Griswold. Beck and Burn, " a small 
stream ; " as, Broadbeck, Beckford or Bickford, 
Washburn, Colburn, Blackburn, Troutbeck, &c. 
Lee, Lea, Lay or Ley, Leigh, Leith or Leth, " a field," 
or " pasture ; " as, Bradlee, Brinley, Walley, Bay- 
ley, Eveleth, &c. Kampe or Kemp, from " campus" a 
plain or field. Wood; as, Harwood, Underwood, 
Atwood, &c. Hurst or Bosk, " a small wood ; " as, 
Ashhurst, Parkhurst. Wie or Wich, u a village " 
or " a bay ; " as, Hardwick, Norwich. Hill ; as, 
Churchill, Underhill, &c. Ling, " a pool from 
which a river flows ; " as, Hamling or Hamlin. 
Mere, " a lake ; " as, Lechmere, &c. Stead or 
Sted, " a shore " or " place ; " as, Burchstead, Bum- 
stead, &c. Stan, Stane, or Stone ; as, Blackstone. 
Knapp, " a protuberance ; " as, Belknap. Nett, 
abbreviation of " nettle ; " as, Bennett. Low means 
" a flame or fire," " a head," " a small hill," or 
" gentle rise of ground ; " as, Biglow, Winslow, &c. 



240 NAMES ENDING IN OLD SAXON WORDS. 

Ton means " a hedge " or " wall," but is often proba- 
bly used as Town ; as, Appleton, Milton, &c. Den, 
" a valley " or " woody place ; " as, Hampden. Lair 
or Laer; as, Van Rensselaer. Marsh is very 
common ; and we have Tidmarsh (*. e., " tide-marsh "), 
&c. Bray, " a bank of earth ; " Bury or Burg, and 
Char or Car, " a city ; " Vale or Vall, Dale or 
Dall, Pool or Poll, are all parts of our surnames. 
Also Water ; as in Atwater, &c. 

Many names end with Street, Gate, Tree, Way, 
&c. ; as, Bradstreet, Southgate, Shumway, &c. 
Mrs. Westgate, of New York (May, 1858), is the 
great poisoner of the century. 

End itself is sometimes the end of a surname; as 
in Tow t nsend, &c. 



241 



CHAPTER XXXIII. 

NAMES ORIGINATING IN MISTAKE; TRANSLATED; CHANGED; &c. 

Many names are undoubtedly the mere result of mis- 
take or mis-spelling. A late resident officer of our 
Hospital informs me that he has received bills made 
out against the institution, in which that word has 
been spelt in forty-six different ways, a list of which 
he sends me. In 1844, one Joseph Galliano died 
in Boston ; and, in our Probate Records, he has 
the alias of Joseph Gallon, — that having been his 
popular name. Plamboeck, in some of our con- 
veyances, became Plumback. These are names in a 
transition state. So likewise a Spanish boy, having 
the Christian name of Benito, pronounced Beneeto, 
who shipped with Dr. Bowditch in one of his voyages 
(as mentioned in his Memoir, 1839), became Ben 
Eaton ; * and a foundling, named Personne (i. e., 
" nobody "), became Mr. Pearson. Perhaps our 
Barnfield is but a corruption of the glorious old 
Dutch name Barneveldt. Jacques Beguin, of 
Texas, as we learn from Olmstead, became John 
Bacon. The firm of Wehle and Weniger, in Rox- 

* See Memoir prefixed by me to the " Mecanique Celeste." 
31 



242 NAMES TRANSLATED AND CHANGED. 

bury, might easily be thus transmuted to Veal and 
Vinegar. Bellows is supposed to be a corruption 
of de Belle Eau. The family crest represents 
" water poured from a chalice into a basin." The 
"beautiful waters" of Bellows Falls will for ever 
appropriately commemorate the name and home of 
the founder of this family in our country."* In one 
part of East Boston, chiefly occupied by Irish labor- 
ers, the streets are named for the poets Byron, 
Southey, Wordsworth, &c. Alexander Wadsworth 
is a surveyor well known to many of those residents, 
no one of whom, probably, ever heard of the Sage of 
Grasmere ; and, in the deeds of their lots, the sur- 
veyor has very generally carried the day. Mr. Cisco 
is Sub-treasurer of New York. This family origi- 
nated in a foreigner named John Francisco, who, 
for brevity, voluntarily changed his signature to John 
F. Cisco. Europe has a similar name in Rev. F. G. 
Lisco, of Berlin. 

Many foreign names are entirely altered by transla-' 
tion. Thus Pierpont would be Stonebridge. And, 
if not translated, they often wholly lose their original 
significance. Thus the German Gutman should be 
Goodman; Kraft, Sinn, and Lust should be Strength, 
Meaning, Pleasure, &c. In the London Directory 
of 1858 are the names of Gut and Gutkind (*. e., 
" good " and " good child "). Goodchap, in plain 

* See " History of the Bellows Family," by Rev. Henry W. Bellows, D.D., 
of New York. 



NAMES TRANSLATED AND CHANGED. 243 

English, is found in their company. A French 
family of Blanchpied, settled in Essex County, has 
had its name both translated and corrupted, — 
ending in families of Whitefoot and Blumpey ; and 
a German named Rubsum, who emigrated to Charles- 
ton, S. C, became, by translation, Mr. Turnipseed. 
It is not only gravely asserted, but is considered to be 
proved, that the French "jour " is derived from the 
Latin " dies" through the changes of diurno, journo, 
jour. Many grotesque names are known to have 
been given to foundlings. A female infant left at a 
house in Otis Place, Boston, in 1856, was called Mary 
Otis ; and one left in an outbuilding in Brookline, in 
1856, was appropriately named Fanny Shed. 

Many other names have, from time to time, been 
silently changed. Thus the Blague family, of this 
county, became Blake ; Everedd was altered to 
Webb ; Fitzpen became Phippen. It is said that 
Nye ended in Noyes. Other names are pronounced 
so differently from the mode in which they are spelt 
as to be hardly recognized. Like the coin of a coun- 
try, they are universally clipped and worn. Thus the 
English names of Cholmondeley, Brougham, Ha- 
worth, Auchinleck, Mohun, and Cockburn, are 
Chumley, Broom, Horth, Affleck, Moon, and Co- 
burn ; and a fellow-collegian from the South, Mr. 
Taliaferro, was Mr. Tolliver, &c. Our own Thuolt, 
of Hungarian origin, is pronounced Tote. Such 
names, in the course of time, often become spelt as 



244 NAMES TRANSLATED AND CHANGED 

they are pronounced. Thus Putnam is supposed to 

be PUTTENHAM ; FROTHINGHAM, tO be FOTHERINGHAM, 

&c. Pultenham still exists as an English name. 
Snooks is known to be an abbreviation of Seven- 
oaks. Crowninshield was formerly popularly called 
Groundsell ; and this name is found in New York. 
St. John is pronounced Sinjohn ; and that name is 
common in Canada. The letter " p " is almost uni- 
versally cut off. Thus Cold Lane, in Boston, became 
Cole Lane ; and we have the name of Colburn 
(i. e., " cold stream "). Mr. Colegrove, of Middle- 
town, Mass., and Mr. Colwell, of Philadelphia, sub- 
scribed for Agassiz' work. 

Very many names were annually changed by au- 
thority of the General Court, sometimes decidedly 
for the better, but often with little or no improve- 
ment. It is a remarkable circumstance, that since 
the jurisdiction of this matter has been given to the 
Judges of Probate in the respective counties, so that 
sufferers in name can no longer claim the sympathy 
of the whole Commonwealth, the number of those 
who apply to the law for relief is very small. 

A mere abstract of the names changed by the 
Legislature would be very amusing. Thus we find 
Broadbrooks, 1805 ; Snupe, 1806; Bumside,* 1807; 



* A distinguished lawyer of Middlesex County, named Burnside, disliking his 
Christian name, applied for leave to change it ; and, as he wrote a bad hand, it was 
supposed that he wished to change his surname also into Bumside. The change 
was made accordingly; and, after suffering a year's penance, it became again 
necessary to ask legislative aid. 



names translated and changed. 245 

Linkhornew, 1800; Frickey, 1824; Tink, 1826; 
Slate, 1827; Crouch, 1832; Turn, 1837; Feachem, 
1845 ; Pedder, 1847 ; &c. Mr. Pepper Mixer, in 
1810, retained his surname, while he parted with his 
Christian name. Mr. Thode Coats, in 1814, fol- 
lowed his example. Samuel Quince Whitefoot, on 
the contrary, in 1833, liked his Christian name, and 
merely dropped the foot. An entire family of Corpo- 
ral, in 1847, laid aside that dignity; and a very 
numerous family of Vest divested themselves in 1848. 
Mr. Thomas Jest, in 1850, decided that it was no 
joke to retain such a name any longer. Mr. Gest, 
of Cincinnati, however, as lately as 1857, subscribed 
for Agassiz' work. Mr. Mock, in this mode, escaped 
from the mockeries of his friends (L. 241, f. 36). 



246 



CHAPTER XXXIV. 

MISCELLANEOUS NAMES STILL EXTANT AMONG US. 

The following names still exist among us, the deriva- 
tion of some of which is not very obvious : viz., 
Adwers, Alcorn, Arey, Asag, Axtall, Ades, Alker, 
Alvonere, Anguerra, Annaple, Anazin, Appollo- 
nio, Arbuckles, Arrisall, Atroplich, Atta, Auld, 
Auty, Azarian, Athearn, Averill, Arbogast; Babb, 
Babbs, Babo, Baetge, Barcave, Barrus, Barsenter, 
Barta, Bartol, Basta, Baty, Baxtux, Bedel, 
Belyea, Bennelick, Besent, Bement, Binnse, Bish- 
pan, Bittle, Blain, Blease, Blinn, Blish, Blos, 
Blute, Boit, Bors, Bott, Botume, Bouves, Boody, 
Bowzer, Boze, Braan, Brash, Bree, Breck, Bris- 
coe, Brubbs, Bub, Bundy, Buzzell, Byus, Bywaters ; 
Calder, Caddick, Calnan, Came, Canan, Caneday, 
Canegaly, Cardial, Carnes, Cartledge, Cary, 
Casmay, Castin, Casty, Cates, Caup, Caulback, 
Chard, Chism, Chithrick, Chizen, Chute, Clegg, 
Clerkin, Clendinin, Cline, Comber, Comboy, Cono- 
logue, Comsett, Copp, Corp, Cotchet, Cropps, 
Crawshaw, Creech, , Crego, Crimlisk, Crump, 
Cuddy, Cull, Cumber, Cundy, Cuntz, Cudworth, 



miscellaneous names still extant. 247 

Curry, Curick, Codwise, Cutcliff ; Dasha, Dardy, 
Dapmar, Darrah, Darrow, Dartady, Dashwood, # 
Deacy, Dearby, DeFrites, Dench, Deturbe, Devar, 
Devens, Dibblee, Diggles, Dill, Dillenback, Ding- 
well, DlNTER, DlSCH, DlZER, DoAK, DoCKHAM, DoU- 

dican, Duquid, Drew, Duff, Dustin, Dwelle, 
Dwelley ; Earnrigo, Easby, Eason, Eliaers, 
Emmes, Esson, Esback, Estle, Erquit, Erdis, Eliot, 
Everett; Fadloaf, Fague, Fanning, Faour, Far- 
dle, Fardy, Farn, Fasbeude, Faulwasser (see 
p. 123), Faxe, Feber, Federhen, Feiling, Felbel, 
Felker, Fergy, Fette, Feustle, Fewoer, Feyhl, 

FlLENE, FlLHIOL, FLACK, FlANG, FlATCHLEY, FlIN- 

ders, Fluet, Fluker, Flusk, Foie, Foltz, Fogue, 
Forror, Fred, Frury, Fruin, Friary, Fuess, Fy- 
ler, Frink, Fricke, Fettyplace ; Gair, Gabay, 
Gakin, Garsid, Garside, Gathut, Gatup, Gaut, 
Georgius, Gero (L. 708, f. 199), Ghio, Giblin, 

GlGAR, GlGER, GlLDERSLEEVE, GlLE, GlNTY, GlIN, 

Gloan, Glueter, Goell, Gobbett, Goggin, Goget, 
Gopper, Gossee, Gove, Greer or Grier, Grice, 
Gribben, Grandy, Griggs, Grindle, Grissom, Grout, 
Grummun, Grupee, Grush, Gumstay, Guppage, Gup- 
py, Guptill, Guewey, Guell, Gutch ; Hauthwat, 
Hackett, Hadaway,Haggett, Hakey, Hanks, Hant, 
Harbottle, Harnes, Harrub, Hartnett, Hash- 
ell, Hesz, Heyer, Hirzel, Henk, Herkin, Hibra, 
Hiewe, Hoogs, Huil, Hurn, Hazall, Haviland, 
Huber, Hutch ; Iasigi, Ivers; Janes, Janvarn, Jes- 



248 miscellaneous names still extant. 

sar, Jervar, Judd, Junio, Juzezst*; Kaharl, Kakas, 
# Kaplin, Kahrcher, Keeler, Kell, Kells, Keyou, 

KlBBIE, KlELY, KlLCUP, KlLTY, KlPP, KLOUS, KoLP, 

Kough, Kuntz, Kyle ; Larvan, Latchat, Lathrop 
and Lothrop, Latz, Leavens, Lecktus, Legroo, Leet, 
Lemire, Letts, Lish, Lobb, Loftus, Loquest, Lootz, 
Lutz, Longdo, Lubke, Lysight ; Magner, Manix, 
Manks, Maralious, Mair, Math, Mecum, Meddix, 
Milo, Minel, Mingo, Moffatt, Moro, Muneig ; 
Narromore, Noll, Nudd, Nye ; Oeding, Olsen, 
Oomen, Onthank, Orto, Orgill, Orvice, Otis, 
Oviatt ; Partheimuller, Parshley, Passedu, Par- 
ban, Pasco, Pember, Pender, Pendergrass, Phister, 
Pevear, Piggott, Pigrim, Pitrat, Pishon, Pinter, 
Planequet, Plageman, Podgea, Poggman, Poindex- 
ter, Pendexter, Polfary, Pook, Povah, Pote, 
Pozner, Prieto, Pringle, Printy, Prout, Prouty, 
Pussedu, Pyser, Paulk, Pero, Presho, Pottle, 
Pycot ; Qualey, Quary, Quan, Quilty ; Hall, 
Rammie, R-ance, Rauschert, Rebal, Rebola, Rerri- 
nason, Relch, Renne, Reyallion, Rhal, Riha, 

RlST, RlTZ, RlKER, ROYLANCE, ROUTER, RoAF, RoAK, 

roath, rokue, rollo, roncati, ronimus, ruck, 
Ruddle, Rupp ; Sahlein, Sagendorph, Sancry, 
Satchwell, Sandicky, Scanlan, Schaier, Schenk, 
schitler, schlimper, schnur, schuttee, schriever, 

SCIEPPS, SCORSUR, SCRIGGINS, ScOURSE, SeALLY, SeNIN, 

Sharf, Sheikeshaft, Shearin, Sheir, Shine, Shick, 
Shiloh, Shirpsir, Sholp, Shopperie, Shinitz, Shenk- 



MISCELLANEOUS NAMES STILL EXTANT. 249 

burgh, Shankland, Shufelt, Shissler, Sias, Sim, 

SlVADIE, SlSK, SlVRET, SeLLEW, ShIMMIN, SkEELE, 

Slatterly, Slattery, Sliloh, Slines, Sloan, Sloog, 
Sloave, Snaith, Snide, Snoden, Snuts, Soesman, 
Solly, Sonk, Sosnowky, Soule, Spargo, Speirs, 
Splane, Spokesfield, Spoor, Sproat, Sprague, 
Sproul, Sprowel or Sproule, Spurgin, Stanyan, 
Stantial, Starkweather, Steepleton, Stemler, 
Steugel, Stilfin, Stintion, Stitt, Stroble, Stubbs, 
Stokes, Strale, Strack, Straine, Stroelin, Stru- 

BLE, SUDERGREEN, SuMFLETH, SuMPTER, SpRINGALL 

and Springoll, Strauss, Sughrue, ' Swabb, Swad- 

KINS, SWEETLIN, SwEETLAND, SYLVEIRA J TACY, TaIT, 

Tarp, Tatrow, Taytasac, Teamoh, Telton, Teltow, 
Temel, Tevein, Toel, Totman, Throop, Thughness, 
Tillock (164, f. 222), Timmins, Titus, Tinkham, 
Tobey, Tonks, Tope, Traill, Tr avers, Travis, 
Trenckle, Trescott, Tribble, Triggs, Trow, Trus- 

SELL, TUIG, TUNKS, TuNNICLIFF, TWINING, TwiSS, TWY- 

cross (L. 191, f. 223), and Tyzzer; Vanderslice, 
Vans, Veager, Veber, Vietz, Vigkle, Vipen, 

VlSALL, VlTTUM, VlTTY, VoLK, VoUGHT ; WaGGET, 

Walko, Warshaw, Wasgatt, Wass, Watker, 
Wedin, Wefer, Wellock, Wentz, Wesberg, 
Weintz, Weins, Whaines, Wheples, Wherty, 
Whicher and Whitcher, Whidden, Whitten, 
Whittier, Wholers, Widger, Widgery, Wiget, 
Wigmore, Wirth (" landlord "), Witherspoon, 
Weatherwax, Willwert, Worthley, Woodsum, 

32 



250 miscellaneous names still extant. 

Wrin ; Yankower, Yeaker, Yerxa, Youlen ; 
Zremm, Zenn. 

Mr. Arsenault lives at Swanton, Vt. ; Mr. 
Bram, at Pittston, Me. ; Messrs. Cyr and Cys, at 
Madewaska, Me. ; Mr. Craw, at Norwalk, Conn. ; Mr. 
Crump, at New London, Conn., and also at Whately, 
Mass. ; Mr. Fasset, at Gloucester, R. I. There 
was an English author named Fettiplace (1666). 
Mr. Millsaps is a law-student at Harvard. Noad's 
" Chymical Analysis " appeared in London in 1848. 
Prus's Algeria was published in 1852. Sheple was 
a common name at Groton Academy. Sugden is also 
found there : this is a name eminent in English law. 
Mr. Sachrider lives at Nashua, N.H. ; Mr. Shuck, 
at Hartford, and Mr. Sawn, at Windsor, Conn. Mr. 
Unbehin is a subscriber to a Boston journal. Mr. 
Wattles lives at Norwich, Conn. 

In New York I find families of Faber, Facks, 
Frip, Pare, Pase, Penfold, Quee, Warse, Warsh- 
ing, Whyms, Weney, Weil, Weiler, Weill, Wimp, 
Windle, Wrapp, Wreaks, and Wust. 

Mr. Arrand lives at Melrose, C.W. ; Mr. Crump, 
at London, C.W. ; Rev. Mr. Perdue, at Kempt- 
ville, C.W.; Mr. Puttock, at Elmira, C.W. ; Mr. 
Seafart, at New Aberdeen, C.W. ; Mr. Snook, at 
Brocksville, C.W. ; Mr. Snooks, at Chatham, C.W. ; 
Mr. Smout, at Cornwall, C.W. ; Mr. Swail, at Cote 
des Nieges, C.W. ; Mr. Scram, at Errol, C.W. ; Messrs. 
Scrimger, Scroggie, and Slagrim, at Gait, C.W. ; 



MISCELLANEOUS NAMES STILL EXTANT. 251 

Mr. Springall, at Richmond, C.W. ; Mr. Shuts, at 
St. Armand Centre, C.E. ; Mr. Shook, at Springfield, 
C.W. ; Mr. Took, at Elgin, C.W. ; and Mr. Trivett, at 
Exeter, C.W. Mr. Tidball was a West-Point gra- 
duate. Mr. Winger, of Canada, took out a patent in 
1849. 

In Philadelphia are many families of Altemus ; 
also Mr. Arrandts and Mr. Beagle. Bockius is a 
common name there. I also find there Messrs. Flit- 
craft, Grawl, Ingrain, Jeanyeaw, Paffrags ; eight 
families of Quicksall; Schiffley and Sites. 

Lloyd and Floyd are both common names in Bos- 
ton. A Mr. Gloyd lived at Abington, Mass. 



252 



CHAPTER XXXV. 

MISCELLANEOUS NAMES EXTINCT IN BOSTON. 

The following names are probably extinct, or nearly 
so, in Boston ; viz., — 

Abdy, Aery, Aish, Akeley, Allam, Allardice, 
Allchorous, Allds, Allistre, Andem, Andon, An- 
nan, Ausley, Autram, Avis, Aves. 

Baralet, Barger, Bastar, Bearbenn (1677), 
Blackleach, Bongarten, Bowd, Breeol, Breising, 
Brunnon, Bulmer, Blinko, Bill, Biggs, Belitho, 
Blackadore, Blantaine, Boos, Boulds, Bernard,* 
Betanque, Boggust, Broaders. 

Caillouil, Carwithie or Curwithie, Chitty, Clew- 
ley, Clinkard, Clutterbuck, Codner, Copley, Coess, 
Cranmer, Crick, Cricke, Croakham or Crocum, 
Carivano, Cleaze. * 

Darroll, Deverill, Deffick, Dettrick, Deven, 
Domblide or Domblider, Dorion. 

Engs. 

Fane, Ferniside, Fick, Flick. 

Gatcomb, Gatliffe, Getlive, Gethoths (1654), 

* Barnard is still a common name in Boston. 



NAMES EXTINCT IN BOSTON. 253 

GUILLE, GUMMER, GuSS, GuTCH (1642), GUTTERY, 

Getty, Gaudel. 

HOBUN, HUCKSTABLE, HeDDEBALL, HaBBERFIELD. 

Jeffs, Jopp, Jukes, Judavine. 

Karr, Kitto, Kast, Knodle, Katland. 

Lepeau, Lytherland, Lobb, Leaming, Linglater, 
Lunerus (1654), Lusher (1650). 

Mansise, Mattox, Mico. 

Naptin. 

Odlin, Ochterlony, Oanabus. 

Paiba, Pimm, Peoples or Pebbles, Peppiloco, 
Pepys, Perrigo, Perrum, Perwort, Pesbeth (1656), 
Petel, Pruden, Pullin, Pynchon, Popkin. 

quiner, quiddy. 

Riff (1678), Rushton. 

Satterly, Sawen, Sawdy, Saywell, Scholes, 

SCOTTO, SCHRIYARNEY, SCHUCHARTEL, SCOBIE, SePPENS, 

Shaller, Sharrow, Seaberry, Selkrig, Sellick, 
Sendall, Sherrod, Sherran, Sherren, Shillcock, 
Sinet, Smibert, Sisan, Skeath, Sophus, Snawsell, 
Souter (Scotch for " shoemaker "), Spaul, Sprake, 
Squamong, Stead, Stirt, Stokes, Stoodly, Stretten, 
Stroble, Sumbrado, Surrage, Surcomb, Synder- 
land, Sadey. 

Tarn, Tead, Toker, Talby, Tawley, Tetherly, 
Tefft, Trewin, Truan, Truesdale, Tomlin, Tonkin, 
Tothell, Trail, Tyre, Toodle, Tate, Tudman. 

Underhay. 

Venn, Venner, Vibert, Viers, Vanbushirk, 



254 names extinct in boston. 

Vandeleer, Vanvoorkis, Voltz, Vryling, Vifven, 
Vaux. 

Walkman, Wase (a very common name a hundred 
years ago), Wadland, Wampas, Wasson, Weager, 
Weare, Wedberg, Werdall, Whippo (L. 27), 
Whittingham, Wimble, Winaus, Winneberger, 

WoRTHYLAKE, WrAY, WlSLICENUS, WlCKS. 

Yeale, Yeamans, Youring. 
zumgrunde. 



Mr. Anketell is a graduate of Yale. Chitty is a 
distinguished legal writer in England. Sir David 
Ochterlony was born in Boston. Shute Shrimpton 
Yeamans owned Noddle's Island, now East Boston, 
and subscribed for a royal paper copy of Miss Jones's 
" Miscellanies." Spix, the naturalist, was an author 
in 1824. There are, in Philadelphia, four families of 
Entwistle. A life of Gen. Monk was published by 
Thomas Gumble, D.D. In the last century, Mr. 
Bubb assumed the name of Doddington, and became 
Lord Melcombe. 

I Kind in 1828, in England, the names of Windus, 
Gutch, Weale, and of the Rev. Samuel Wix ; and, 
in 1797, the names of Bauyl, Entwistle, Higgs, 
and Yenn, among the subscribers to Thomson's 
" Seasons." 



255 



CHAPTER XXXVI. 

CONCLUDING REMARKS. — WORDS DERIVED FROM NAMES. 

I have now completed my desultory remarks on the 
subject of surnames. In classifying them, I have 
sometimes regarded their apparent rather than their 
actual derivations and original meanings. In some 
instances, as I well know, my analogies have been 
more fanciful than real. I was led to prepare these 
remarks by an article in the "Edinburgh Review" 
for April, 1855 ; and my attention was subsequently 
called to a little treatise on surnames, privately printed 
in the year 1856, by B. Homer Dixon, Esq., which I 
found very interesting and suggestive. After I had 
completed my collection, Lower's elaborate essay fur- 
nished me with additional illustrations. Had I 
seen these publications at an earlier period, the great 
extent of the subject would have deterred me alto- 
gether. 

Many words in our language are derived from 
names either of ancient gods or heroes, &c. Thus 
we have martial from Mars, the god of war ; cereal, 
from Ceres, the goddess of fruits ; bacchanalian, from 
Bacchus, the god of the wine-cup. An epicure is a 



256 WORDS DERIVED FROM NAMES. 

most familiar word and person. Poetry deals in 
boreal blasts, ceolian strains, and gentle zephyrs. We 
may speak with propriety of a village Vulcan. Her- 
cules may never have existed ; but herculean, augean, 
Sec, are indisputable exponents of his labors. His- 
torical allusions are endless. We speak of Van- 
dalism, of a modern Brutus, of the Nestor of an 
assembly, of a Xantippe, of a Platonic attachment, 
of a Ciceronian style, of a Shakespearian or Spen- 
serian stanza, of the Byronic school of poetry, of an 
Augustan age of literature, a Machiavellian policy, a 
Jeremiad, &c. We have also the adjective Elizabethan. 
We have Calvinism, Arianism, and Mesmerism. 
Pasquinade is derived from Pasquino, a Roman cob- 
bler. Munchausen will always be the type of lying 
travellers. Ferdinand Mendez Pinto begins to have a 
better reputation for veracity than he had in Shake- 
speare's day. Patronage will always have its repre- 
sentative in Maecenas, and Croesus will never be 
displaced by any modern Rothschild. Sometimes the 
name is preserved, but with a bad sense affixed to it ; 
thus working positive, and not merely negative, 
injustice. For instance, Hector, Hectoring, are terms 
equivalent to bully, blustering. Indeed, the very god- 
dess of grace and beauty herself has but given a name 
to the most loathsome of diseases. Gibberish is said, 
by the Reviewer to whom I have referred, to be 
derived from Geber, the alchemist. Earl Spencer and 
Lord Raglan will each be remembered by an outside 



WORDS DERIVED FROM NAMES. 257 

garment; and Sir William Congreve, by his rockets. 
The names of other persons are still preserved in 
popular phrases ; such as, " Before I could say- 
Jack Robinson ; " and " My eye and Betty Martin." 
But who were they ] 

No men or women have more truly lived than 
those described in some works of. fiction ; and, from 
some of these, various words have been derived. The 
hero of La Mancha figures in every Quixotic enter- 
prise ; and lawyers and politicians daily abuse each 
other in a Pickwickian sense. Shylock stands forth 
for ever the embodiment of avarice. 

Discoverers and inventors have not always had 
justice done them in the matter of nomenclature. 
Thus America* is named for one who did not dis- 
cover it, — a flagrant wrong which poetry in vain 
attempts to address in " Hail, Columbia, happy land," 
&c. A short name stands a much better chance of 
commemoration than a long one ; and yet Daguerre 
is immortalized in the daguerreotype. Dr. Guillotin, 
acting from a benevolent purpose of producing insen- 
sibility to pain under peculiarly disagreeable circum- 
stances, will go down to posterity as a monster of 
cruelty. Persons rendered insensible by ether, during 
surgical operations, ought to be spoken of as Mor- 



* This name has been lately vindicated quite ingeniously as derived from the 
Italianized form of the German "Emmerich," which is regarded as a contraction of 
the Gothic " Airmanareiks ; " and, as applied to a country, is considered as mean- 
ing " Most sublime dominion." — B. Homer Dixon. 

33 



258 WORDS DERIVED FROM NAMES. 

tonized. We speak of Macadamized roads; and, in 
this latitude, we hear of the Nicolson pavement. 
Science has its voltaic battery ; and the verb to 
galvanize is very expressive, and entirely legitimate 
beyond the limits of science : but Fulton's name 
will never supersede the more significant word 
steamer. 

Celebrated events of mythology and history are 
thus perpetuated. We speak familiarly of " crossing 
the Rubicon," of " an apple of discord," of " Pandora's 
box," &c. American editors thought, till the fall of 
Sebastopol, that the Russian would prove as long as 
the Trojan war. Marathon and Thermopylae belong 
to the geography of freedom. The Colossus may be 
a myth ; but we have colossal. Such is the origin of 
many of our proverbial aphorisms. Words are some- 
times coined with a general signification from parti- 
cular striking instances of the conduct which they 
describe ; as, nepotism. Some crimes are of such 
atrocity, that the perpetrator's name is at once appro- 
priated to them. Thus, to murder for the sake of 
selling the dead body is to Burke ; so the systematic 
species of secret murder, extensively practised in India, 
has enriched the language with Thug. The summary 
proceedings of Judge Lynch have also given us a new 
word. If we had not already the verb " to humbug," 
Barnum would, I think, stand a very fair chance of 
verbal immortality. 

Squatter has, with us, its appropriate significa- 



WORDS DERIVED FROM NAMES. 259 

tion of a possessor or actual occupant of lands 
without title. The subject of squatter sovereignty, 
indeed, just now bids fair to be one of fearful national 
importance. Pecuniary defaulters are so numerous 
that no one has yet given his own name to the pro- 
cess. Even the verb to Swartwout or Schuylerize has 
not yet forced its way into our language. The pub- 
lic is better pleased with the more general term, " to 
absquatulate." This expression, by its elegance, 
reminds one of the popular names of localities. 
Jeffrey spent his summer months at Stuckgown. In 
Danvers, Mass., is, or was, a spot known as " The 
Devil's Dishful." The town of " Backbone " is found 
in Arkansas ; " Bad Axe," in Wisconsin ; " Why 
Not," in Mississippi." The Post-office Directory con- 
tains the towns of " Bad Track " and " Broken Road," 
" Blue-Black " and « Yellow-Red," « Coffin-Grove " 
and " Dead-Man's Hollow," &c. ; and, among the 
recent mining nomenclature of California, I find 
" Rot-Gut," " Hen-Peck City," " Louse Village," 
" Ragtown," " Shirt-tail Bend," " Hell's Delight," &c. 
To Scotch ears, " Bannockburn " has glorious associa- 
tions ; and the " Brandy wine " is not the least of our 
rivers. We have had also our battle of the " Cow- 
pens." 

Politics give a temporary significance to the most 
absurd and grotesque party designations, — "Silver 
Greys," " Hard .Shells," "Softs," "Old Hunkers," 
" Locos," " Know Nothings," &c. How instantly 



260 WORDS DERIVED FROM NAMES. 

do the public take any allusion to Gov. Marcy's 
" pantaloons," or to Scott's " hasty plate of soup " ! 
The simple words, " so much noise and confu- 
sion," have a marked significance as applied to 
political epistles. " The Law-and-Order Party " 
is but another name for Missouri Border Ruf- 
fians. 

Science and art, in all their various branches and 
departments, are constantly creating new words. 
Prof. Treadwell, in a recent admirable pamphlet, 
suggests the reflection how impossible it would now 
be to write in the language of Cicero the most ele- 
mentary treatise on mechanics or geology. While 
on the one hand, therefore, the names of persons may 
often possess much value and importance as indicat- 
ing the origin of the various families, and thus of the 
nation which they together compose ; on the other 
hand, the words in use in any language throw great 
light on the national character, indicating, in an 
unerring manner, its social peculiarities, its degree 
of advancement in knowledge, virtue, and refine- 
ment ; besides often indicating its remote origin, and 
affording a means of approximately estimating the 
proportions in which its heterogeneous elements 
have at last become mingled together and consoli- 
dated. 

The seemingly barren field of philology has been 
traversed by many an enthusiastic inquirer after 
truth, whose researches have enriched the literature 



WORDS DERIVED FROM NAMES. 261 

of Europe and America. And the few additional 
materials now faithfully collected may perhaps, in 
a slight degree, facilitate future investigations in a 
corresponding department of knowledge. 



NOTES. 



Pagk. 

9. For " Dr. Dox " read " Mr. Dox." 

10. For « Bal " read " Bab." Add to the New- York names of 
three letters, Fei, Fey, Fix, Fok, Fos, Fux, Han, Hau, 
Hix, Hof, Hon, Hor, Hou, Hoy. 

15. The authors of "The Anatomist's Hymn" and of "Thana- 

topsis " cannot, with propriety, be ranked below a writer 
of even the exquisite taste of Longfellow. Perhaps, 
indeed, it would have been safer for me to have men- 
tioned all the poets alphabetically. 

16. For "Clavars" read "Clavara;" for"STiDMAN" read 

" Stidmon ; " and add to the specimens of Christian names 
there given the following : Peleg, Murch, Omen, Ded- 
rum, Dimis, Delight, Eigena, Florilla, Rosetta, 
Julel. 
Debonair Farrar died in Boston, March 14, 1858 ; and Mrs. 
Duty Phettyplace, in Woonsocket, R.I., in May, 1858. 
One of our citizens has the Christian name of True worthy 
Muchmore ; and Zealous Bates, Esq., lives at Cohasset 
(1858). The late report of the English Registrar- General 
gives us the name of Mr. Eli Lama Sabachthani 
Pressnail. 

18. | Mr. Rodolphus Spalding will doubtless be satisfied with 

19. ) being once named. 

20. We have Mr. Septimus Norris. 



264 



NOTES. 



Page. 

24. For " Lockport, C.W.," read " Lockton, C.W." For " Chan- 

dos's " read " Chauchard's." 
39. The classic name of Remus is found in the Buffalo Directory 

for 1855 ; and William Tell lives at Peoria, 111. 

(1858). 
44. Mr. Prrsch is in the Directory of Peoria, 111. (1858). 
48. Mr. Martyr subscribed for Wild's Dramas (1805). 
56. For " Austis " read " Anstiss." 
60. Mr. Stray lives at Hartford, Conn. 
66. Mr. Hopewell's house, in Catland, Ind., was burnt in May, 

1858. 
72. Mary Clacker was before our courts (May 6, 1858). 
81. Mr. Thynne and Mr. Smallbone live in London (1858). 

One of the most striking monuments in Westminster 

Abbey is that of a Mr. Thynne, who was distinguished 

for his wealth and his — assassination. 

87. Our Mr. Hemmer made a deed (L. 728, f. 283) : he should 

be added to Sniffen, Hawkins, &c. 

88. Miss Ellen Backoff consented to be married in Boston, 

May 2, 1858. 
92. Our Mr. Children made a deed (L. 651, f. 173). 

108. There is a Kitten in the Boston Directory, whom (which f) 
I had overlooked. 

116. I owe Mr. Featherhoff an apology for mentioning his 
failure twice. 

141. For " Backall " read '^Bacall " (*. e., " bake all "). 

150. A young friend writes me, May 3, 1858 : "The fires of dis- 
sension and enmity in the Smoke family appear to have 
broken out last year in an action of trespass to try title 
brought by Andrew Smoke vs. James D. Smoke: Richard- 
son's S.C. Reports, vol. xiv. p. 433. — Yours, &c, 
S. M. Quincy." 
Thus my present attempt at authorship may be said to end 
in Smoke. 



NOTES. 265 

Page. 

17G. Mr. Batting's factory {not a cotton factory), at Newark, 
N. J., was burnt in May, 1858. 

177. Peter Flare lives in Middletown, Md. (1858). 

183. Frederick Seaquill was before our courts, in the month 
of May, 1858. 

223. Featherstonhaugh's " Canoe Voyage," &c, London, 1847, 
mentions a Mr. Slit as having been long in the employ 
of the Hudson's-Bay Company. 

240. For " Westgate " read " Westlake." Thus altered, the 
name should have appeared in p. 133; though the trans- 
position would put Sir Charles Eastlake into very 
bad company. 

243. For " diurno, journo," read " diurnal, journal" 

248. Mr. Rist should precede Mr. Hand (p. 50). Mr. Nee, of 

page 10, may also be mentioned here. Mr. Sidebother, 
of Milwaukie, was a passenger in a Cunard steamer, 
June 16, 1858. 

249. ^ Several names, such as Stokes, Stroble, and Traill, 

253. j though extant, are nearly extinct in Boston. 

254. I received a printed sheet entitled "Monthly Catalogue of 

efficient and reliable Lawyers, for May, 1858," which, I 
am gratified to observe, is a very large one. I extract 
from it the following specimens : — 
Smoote, o$ Magnolia, Ark. ; Chain, of Milton, Fla. ; Cul- 
verhouse, of Knoxville, Ga. ; Ezzard, of Atlanta, Ga. ; 
Mobley, of Hamilton, Ga. ; Hardeman, of Clinton, Ga. ; 
Harrow, of Lawrence, 111. ; Suit, of Frankfort, Ind. ; 
Fuselier, of St. Martinsville, La. ; Reasons, of M'Nutt, 
Miss. ; Walkup, of Wapakoneta, Ohio ; Coffinberry, 
of Findlay, Ohio ; Garrott, of Marion, Ala. ; Cun- 
ning, of Port Washington, Wis. ; Pullum, of Pickens, 
S.C. ; and Deuel, of Stockbridge, Wis. Mr. Loving, of 
Bowling Green, Ky., seems to be out of place among 
these associates. 

34 



266 



NOTES. 



Page. 

254. Boston may boast of being the native place of one most 
" efficient and reliable lawyer," — John Singleton 
Copley (Lord Lyndhurst), — now eighty-six years old, 
late Lord Chancellor of England. A few months since, 
he was elected a member of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society. Our venerable associate, Mr. Quincy, men- 
tioned, on this occasion, a family tradition, that the same 
nurse successively attended upon the mothers of Lord 
Lyndhurst and himself, who were confined about the same 
time. Her touch seems to have imparted to both infants 
an almost unprecedented degree of mental and physical 
vigor. Since Romulus and Remus, indeed, there has 
probably never been a more remarkable pair of nurs- 
lings. 
39. For "Oriqois" read "Iroquois." 



During the interval required for preparing the Alphabetical 
Index, the following names have come under my notice : — 

Cyprian, notwithstanding its objectionable meaning, has been 
often used as a Christian name : as Cyprian Southack, a hun- 
dred and fifty years ago ; Cyprian Hall, 1857, L. 718, f. 115. 

The estate of Mr. Amos Pot ami a, of Reading, was lately 
administered upon. Mr. Blackmoore is the translator of a 
" History of the Russian Church." Capt. Trueblood, of the 
schooner " D. V. Sessums," from Baltimore to North Carolina, was 
wrecked May 18, 1858. In the recent wholesale railroad bribery 
of the Legislature of Wisconsin, Mr. Whipperman, a member of 
the Assembly, is stated to have received, as his share, bonds for 
five thousand dollars. Perhaps he was the whipper-in of his asso- 
ciates. In 1 Duer's Rep. 354 (New York), is reported the case of 
" Fatman vs. Loback." Rev. C. P. Goliohtly (England) 
has recently made charges against the Cuddesdon Theological 



NOTES. 267 

College. The Kit-Cat Club was so called from its first meetings 
being held at the shop of a pastry-cook named Christopher Cat, 
in Shire Lane, who was celebrated for his meat-pies. A Miss 
Bradfield (i.e., Broadfield) was in our hospital in May, 1858. 

In 1855, certain loan-fund associations were established by law ; 
and their organizations, with lists of the shareholders, are recorded. 
Thus I find in L. 667, f. 170, Messrs. Dea and Gladson ; in 
L. 667, f. 267, Courier, Worth, Anger, Bibber, Oxford, 
Wrymill, and Macbeth ; in L. 667, f. 297, Chater, Hight, 
and Haggart ; in L. 667, f. 58, Holeman ; in L. 673, f. 157, 
Freeze and Surges ; in L. 674, f. 192, Single and Proud- 
foot ; in L. 676, f. 129, Large and Eiggers ; in L. 679, f. 177, 
Hero; in L. 682, f. 72, Readhead and Kux ; in L. 683, f. 149, 
Butterworth ; in L. 684, f. 66, Butt and Gall ; in L. 687, 
f. 268, Basin and Fulsom ; also Samuel Weller, of Taunton, 
Mass. Further researches may perhaps enable me to add Mr. 
Pickwick to my names connected with Lamps, &c. In one 
of these instruments, recorded in L. 677, f. 203, 1 find Michael 
Spine, of Roxbury, and the following residents of Boston ; viz., 
William Kidney and William Brane, John Biggin and 
John Broom, Anna Munch and Lawrence Inkhorn ! It is 
by no means an act of surplusage to state that Patrick Surpluss 
is party to a deed in Norfolk County. 



INDEX. 



ire a surname occurs more than once in the Same page, the number of the page id repeated. 



Christian Names. — Pp. 11, 12-20, 30, 37, 38, 42, 48, 55, 101, 
150, 185, 207, 245, 263, 264, 266. 



Surnames. 



Aaron, 235. 
Aaronson, 238. 
Abbey, 168. 
Abbot, 199. 
Abdy, 252. 
Abe, 10. 
Abel, 235. 
Abendbrod, 157. 
Able, 60, 61. 
About, 232. 
Abraham, 239. 
Abt, 10. 
Aby, 9. 
Ach, 10. 
Achates, 100. 
Ache, 226. 
Achey, 226. 
Achorn, 238. 
Achuff, 234. 
Acie, 96. 
Ackerman, 202. 
Acor, 132. 
Acorn, 138. 
Acres, 127. 



Ada, 56. 
Adam, 235. 
Adams, 15, 236. 
Adcock, 114. 
Adderly, 125, 125. 
Adee, 234. 
Adelman, 201. 
Ades, 246. 
Adle, 58. 
Adorno, 25. 
Adt, 10. 
Adwers, 246. 
Aery, 79, 252. 
Aey, 10. 
Affection, 92. 
Agate, 100. 
Agen, 64. 
Ager, 127. 
Ages, 93. 
Agin, 64. 
Ague, 225. 
Ahem, 234. 
Ahl, 10. 
Ahlert, 75. 



270 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Ahm, 10. 
Ahn, 10. 
Ahoa, 234. 
Aiken, 225. 
Aikman, 225, 225. 
Ailman, 225. 
Aires, 149. 
Airey, 80. 
Airth, 131. 
Airy, 80. 
Aish, 252. 
Ake, 226. 
Akeley, 252. 
Akens, 226. 
Akenside, 225. 
Aker, 130, 226. 
Akey, 226. 
Akin, 92, 226. 
Akyng, 225. 
Alabaster, 165. 
Albert, 235. 
Albertson, 238. 
Alcock, 114. 
Alcorn, 144, 145, 246. 
Alder, 137. 
Alderchurch, 136. 
Alderman, 200, 200. 
Ale, 230. 
Ales, 22. 
Alesworth, 22. 
Alfoot, 51. 
Alfred, 235. 
Algier, 95. 
Alice, 56. 
Alker, 246. 
Allam, 252. 
Allardice, 252. 
Allbones, 88. 
Allbut, 243. 
Allchin, 52, 86. 



Allchorous, 252. - 
Allcock, 114. 
Allcorn, 145. 
Allds, 252. 
Allely, 229. 
Allen, 47. 
Alletzhausseir, 11. 
Alley, 178. 
Allgier, 95. 
Allice, 54. 
Allies, 99. 
Allis, 54. 
Allistre, 252. 
Ailman, 60. 
Allmond, 138. 
Alloway, 232. 
Allpin, 83, 104. 
Allport, 229. 
Allwood, 60. 
Almond, 137, 138. 
Aloe, 67. 
Alonzo, 235. 
Alp, 96. 
Alsop, 207. 
Alt, 10. 
Altemus, 251. 
Alter, 57. 
Altvater, 94. 
Alum, 209. 
Alvonere, 246. 
Alway, 232, 232. 
Always, 232. 
Alwell, 227. 
Alwin, 59. 
Amazella, 56. 
Amber, 207. 
Ambers, 207. 
Ambleman, 77. 
Ambler, 75. 
Ambrose, 235. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



271 



Ambush, 218. 
Amend, 44. 
Americus, 257. 
Amerige, 95. 
Amerigo, 95. 
Ames, 217, 218. 
Amm, 10. 
Ammidown, 224. 
Amoreaux, 6. 
Amory, 6. 
Amos, 235. 
Amour, 6. 
Ampleman, 80. 
Amsterdam, 97. 
Anazin, 246. 
Anchor, 197. 
Ancker, 197. 
Ancor, 197. 
And, 232. 
Andem, 252. 
Andon, 252. 
Andre, 28. 
Andrew, 235. 
Andrews, 237. 
Ang, 10. 
Angel, 48. 
Anger, 67, 67, 267. 
Angerman, 67. 
Angers, 67. 
Angleman, 182. 
Angles, 182. 
Anglin, 182. 
Anguerra, 246. 
Anguish, 69, 69. 
Angus, 235. 
Anketell, 254. 
Annan, 252. 
Annaple, 246. 
Anne, 56. 
Annis, 54. 



Anser, 46. 

Anstiss, 56. 

Antcliff, 124. 

Ante, 156. 

Antler, 122. 

Antonio, 235. 

Apostles, 48. 

App, 10. 

Appell, 141. 

Apple, 141, 142, 142, 142. 

Applebaum, 141. 

Applebee, 124. 

Appleby, 142. 

Appledom, 142. 

Applegate, 141, 142. 

Appleton, 141, 239. 

Appleyard, 142. 

Appollonio, 246. 

April, 155. 

Aquaviva, 133. 

Ar, 7. 

Arbogast, 246. 

Arbour, 137. 

Arbuckles, 246. 

Arch, 84, 174. 

Archbald, 235. 

Archdale, 127. 

Archdeacon, 199, 200. 

Archer, 218. 

Archibald, 235. 

Arculus, 218. 

Ard, 10. 

Arey, 246. 

Argue, 187, 187. 

Arkwright, 203. 

Arl, 10, 10. 

Armgold, 191. 

Armor, 218. 

Armour, 218. 

Armorer, 220. 



272 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Armory, 221. 
Armstrong, 50, 79. 
Arms, 50, 218. 
Arm 10. 
Arnold, 28. 
Arrand, 250. 
Arrandts, 251. 
Arrisall, 246. 
Arrow, 220. 
Arrowsmith, 221. 
Arsenault, 250. 
Art, 205. 
Artery, 123. 
Arthur, 235. 
Artist, 205. 
Asag, 246. 
Asay, 36. 
Ase, 10. 

Ash, 8, 136, 137. 
Ashbash, 138. 
Ashbridge, 138. 
Ashbrook, 138. 
Ashburn, 138. 
Ashcraft, 138. 
Ashcroft, 136. 
Ashe, 136. 
Asher, 235. 
Ashhurst, 239. 
Ashley, 136. 
Ashmead, 128. 
Ashmeed, 138. 
Ashmole, 110. 
Ashplant, 137. 
Askew, 86. 
Askey, 72. 
Askin, 232. 
Askins, 73, 232. 
Aspen, 138. 
Aspenwall, 136. 
Aspin, 137. 



Ass, 110. 
Assman, 110. 
Ast, 10. 
Atack, 220. 
Atkiss, 91. 
Atroplich, 246. 
Atta, 246. 
Atwater, 240. 
Atwood, 239. 
Atz, 10, 10. 
Aii, 8. 
Aub, 10. 
Auchinleck, 243. 
Aug, 10. 
Augh, 234. 
Aught, 42. 
Augur, 23, 180. 
Augurs, 23. 
August, 155, 155, 155. 
Augusta, 54. 
Augustus, 155, 155, 235. 
Aul, 10. 
Auld, 246. 
Aull, 180. 
Aur, 10. 
Ausley, 252. 
Autram, 252. 
Auty, 246. 
Averill, 246. 
Aves, 252. 
Avis, 113, 252. 
Awe, 71. 
Awkward, 88. 
Awl, 179, 180. 
Axe, 180, 211. 
Axel, 207. ' 
Axey, 179. 
Axman, 179. 
Axt, 10, 73. 
. Axtall, 246. 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



273 



Ayer, 147. 
Ayling, 225. 
Aylwin, 59. 
Azarian, 246. 



Baa, 111. 

Bab, 10. 

Babb, 246. 

Babbidge, 239. 

Babbs, 246. 

Babcock, 104. 

Babe, 94. 

Babel, 162. 

Babell, 162. 

Babey, 94. 

Bable, 73. 

Babler, 73. 

Babo, 246. 

Babson, 237. 

Baby, 94. 

Bacall, 264. 

Back, 51, 52, 52, 53, 53. 

Backall, 141. 

Backen, 222. 

Backer, 222, 222, 223. 

Backhouse, 169, 170. 

Backman, 75. 

Backoff, 264. 

Backster, 205. 

Backup, 66. 

Backus, 47. 

Backwell, 85. 

Bacon, 7, 241. 

Bad, 73. 

Badarague, 225. 

Badcock, 114. 

Badger, 107. 

Badlam, lot 

Badman, 73. 

Baetge, 246. 



Bag, 27. 

Bagg, 27. 

Bagge, 27. 

Baggerly, 27. 

Baggs, 27. 

Bagless, 105. 

Bagwell, 193. 

Bagworth, 27. 

Bail, 214. 

Bailieff, 187. 

Bailiff, 188. 

Bain, 225. 

Bairnsfather, 92. 

Bake, 202. 

Bakeman, 204. 

Bakeoven, 151. 

Baker, 202. 

Bakes, 204. 

Bakewell, 202, 204. 

Bakey, 204. 

Bald, 85, 85, 85, 85, 88. 

Baldhead, 88. 

Bale, 197, 198. 

Balem, 214. 

Baler, 163. 

Bales, 198. 

Balkwill, 68. 

Ball, 19,32, 216. 

Ballasty, 198. 

Bailer, 163. 

Balling, 163. 

Balls, 163,216. 

Balsam, 209. 

Baltic, 96. 

Bampfylde, 19. 

Bancroft, 239. 

Band, 102. 

Bane, 225. 

Banes, 225. 

Bang, 218. 



3.5 



274 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Banger, 223. 
Banghart, 223. 
Bangs, 218. 
Banish, 24. 
Banister, 171. 
Bank, 190. 
Banker, 202. 
Bankhead, 134. 
Banks, 133. 
Banner, 219. 
Bannerman, 220. 
Banquo, 25. 
Bapst, 24, 171. 
Baptist, 149. 
Bar, 133. 
Baralet, 252. 
Barbadoes, 95. 
Barbauld, 84. 
Barber, 202. 
Barberry, 145, 145. 
Barcave, 246. 
Barclay, 128. 
Bard, 184. 
Bardwell, 183, 184. 
Bare, 81, 192. 
Barefoot, 105. 
Bareham, 106. 
Barfoot, 105. 
Barge, 196, 197, 197. 
Barger, 252. 
Bargy, 198. 
Barkdale, 128. 
Barker, 108, 202. 
Barkey, 163. 
Barley, 145. 
Barly, 144. 
Barmore, 230. 
Barn, 169, 170. 
Barnaby, 285. 
Barnard, 252. 



Barndollar, 190. 
Barnes, 27, 169. 
Barneveldt, 241. 
Barnfather, 92. 
Barnfield, 128, 128, 241. 
Barnight, 229. 
Barnside, 169. 
Barnum, 259. 
Barnwell, 169. 
Baron, 198. 
Barr, 171, 207. 
Barrable, 185. 
Barratt, 64. 
Barrell, 159. 
Barringdollar, 191. 
Barron, 198. 
Barrow, 179, 180. 
Barrows, 179, 207. 
Barrus, 246. 
Barsenter, 246. 
Barta, 246. 
Bartemas, 235. 
Barter, 197. 
Barters, 197. 
Bartholomew, 235. 
Bartol, 246. 
Bar wig, 104. 
Base, 73, 73, 182. 
Basin, 180, 267. 
Bask, 103. 
Basket, 209, 211. 
Basketter, 205. 
Bason, 179. 
Bass, 119. 
Bassett, 81, 214. 
Basta, 246. 
Bastar, 252. 
Bastard, 92, 92, 9$. 
Batch, 99. 
Batchelor, 90. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



275 



Bate, 119. 
Bateman, 119. 
Bates, 96, 119, 263. 
Bath, 147. 
Bathcake, 208. 
Bathgate, 173. 
Batman, 115. 
Batt, 32, 115. 
Battelle, 218. 
Batter, 218. 
Batterman, 218. 
Battery, 218. 
Batting, 265. 
Battle, 218. 
Battles, 218. 
Baty, 246. 
Baumgarten, 131. 
Bauyl, 254. 
Baxter, 202. 
Baxtux, 246. 
Bay, 134. 
Bayfield, 128. 
Bayley, 239. 
Bayne, 225. 
Bea, 124. 
Beach, 133. 
Beachey, 138. 
Beachman, 205. 
Beackman, 116. 
Beacon, 197. 
Beadle, 186, 200. 
Beadley, 102. . 
Beadleston, 200. 
Beagle, 251. 
Beak, 116. 
Beam, 172, 173. 
Beames, 171. 
Beams, 173. 
Bean, 13, 27, 144. 
Beans, 144. 



Beany, 145. 
Bear, 107. 
Bearbenn, 252. 
Beard, 50. 
Beardmore, 50. 
Beardsworth, 52. 
Beare, 107. 
Bease, 124. 
Beasom, 176. 
Beastall, 108. 
Beat, 222. 
Beatley, 142. 
Beatson, 145. 
Beau, 38. 
Beaux, 99. 
Beaver, 110. 
Bebee, 124? 
Beck, 133. 
Beckey, 54. 
Beckford, 133, 239. 
Bedbug, 125. 
Beddome, 176. 
Bedel, 246. 
Bedgood, 176. 
Bedle, 201. 
Bedlock, 174. 
Bedloe, 176. 
Bee, 124, 124. 
Beebe, 124. 
Beech, 136. 
Beechey, 136. 
Beeching, 136. 
Beede, 37, 102. 
Beedy, 102. 
Beek, 123. 
Beeke, 123. 
Beeker, 231. 
Beeman, 124. 
Been, 144. 
Beens, 144. 



276 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Beeny, 145. 

Beer, 229, 230, 230. 

Beers, 21. 

Beest, 107. 

Beet, 145. 

Beete, 145. 

Beetle, 27. 

Beetson, 145. 

Beety, 145. 

Beeves, 110. 

Begg, 196. 

Beggins, 192. 

Beggs, 192, 196. 

Begin, 65. 

Beguin, 241. 

Bek, 10. 

Belch, 21. 

Belcher, 21. 

Belitho, 252. 

Belknap, 239. 

Bell, 27, 179. 

Bellchambers, 172. 

Belleau, 149. 

Bellhouse, 170. 

Bellman, 204, 204. 

Bellot, 163. 

Bellow, 162, 163. 

Bellows, 149, 152, 242. 

Bellringer, 203. 

Belly, 51, 51. 

Belt, 102. 

Belyea, 246. 

Belyed, 61. 

Bern, 10. 

Ben, 235. 

Bench, 25, 176. 

Bender, 28, 83. 

Bends, 86. 

Benedict, 90. 

Benigne, 67. 



Benison, 233, 237. 

Benito, 241. 

Benjamin, 235, 236. 

Benn, 235. 

Bennelick, 246. 

Bennett, 239. 

Bennie, 236. 

Benny, 236. 

Benson, 237. 

Bent, 83, 85. 

Bentley, 128. ' 

Benyon, 28. 

Ber, 10. 

Bere, 21. 

Berg, 127. 

Berlin, 98. 

Bermingham, 97. 

Bernard, 252. 

Berrell, 100, 100. 

Berrier, 141. 

Berriman, 141. 

Berry, 140. 

Berryman, 140, 141, 144. 

Berry street, 178. 

Berstck, 44. 

Bertsch, 44, 138. 

Besent, 246. 

Besom, 176. 

Bess, 55. 

Bessee, 55. 

Bessie, 54. 

Best, 57, 215. 

Betanque, 252. 

Bethell, 170. 

Betsworth, 215. 

Bett, 214. 

Bette, 62. 

Better, 57, 214, 215. 

Betterman, 57. 

Betterton, 216. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



277 



Bettie, 63. 
Betton, 214. 
Betts, 214, 215. 
Betty, 55, 63. 
Bettyeman, 63. 
Bettys, 56. 
Bever, 110. 
Beveredge, 231. 
Beveridge, 229, 231. 
Beverly, 97. 
Beverstock, 107. 
Bevil, 182. 
Bew, 9, 10. 
Bewick, 177. 
Bex, 8. 
Bey, 8. 
Bias, 93. 
Bibb, 94. 

Bibber, 21, 22, 267. 
Bibbins, 228. 
Bibbler, 230. 
Bibby, 93. 
Bibi, 234. 
Bible, 24. 
Bich, 110. 
Bicker, 71, 222. 
Bickers, 66, 222. 
Bickerstaff, 141, 222. 
Bickford, 239. 
Biddam, 234. 
Biddenclipper, 11. 
Bidder, 216. 
Bidgood, 214. 
Bidlow, 214. 
Bidwell, 214, 214, 216. 
Bienvenu, 66. 
Bietz, 144. 
Bigg, 26, 79, 80. 
Biggar, 80. 
Bigger, 80, 80. 



Biggerstaft', 141. 

Biggin, 179, 180, 267. 

Biggs, 252. 

Bigham, 88. 

Bigland, 194. 

Biglow, 239. 

Bigman, 79. 

Bigod, 233. 

Bigonet, 220. 

Bigot, 24, 24. 

Bigwood, 127, 136. 

Bik, 10. 

Bilboe, 188. 

Bilger, 198. 

Bill, 31, 190, 252. 

Billing, 90. 

Billings, 90. 

Billman, 218. 

Billow, 134. 

Bills, 218. 

Billy, 55. 

Bilson, 237. 

Bilye, 225. 

Binder, 202. 

Bindless, 50. 

Bindloose, 29. 

Binney, 179. 

Binns, 179, 179. 

Binnse, 246. 

Biot, 4. 

Birch, 28, 136, 137, 138. 

Birchmore, 136. 

Bird, 113. 

Birdsall, 113. 

Birdsell, 118. 

Birdseye, 121. 

Birmingham, 87. 

Birner, 149. 

Birnstill, 149. 

Births, 5. 



278 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Bis, 29. 
Bishop, 199. 

Bishoprick, 199. 

Bishpan, 246. 

Biss, 29, 29, 158. 

Bissey, 205. 

Bitch, 110. 

Biteman, 67. 

Bitter, 67. 

Bitterman, 74. 

Bitters, 227. 

Bitting, 213. 

Bittle, 246. 

Black, 165. 

Blackadder, 125, 125. 

Blackadore, 252. 

Blackbird, 113, 118. 

Blackburn, 239. 

Blackden, 166. 

Blackee, 167. 

Blacker, 166. 

Blackford, 133, 134. 

Blackhall, 166, 172. 
Blackie, 167, 167. 
Blackitt, 165. 
Blacklaw, 189. 
Blackleach, 125, 252. 
Blacklock, 86, 94. 
Blackman, 166. 
Blackmer, 166. 
Blackmonster, 73. 
Blackmoore, 266. 
Blackmore, 166, 167. 
Blacksmith, 204. 
Blackstock, 102, 166. 
Blackstone, 166, 189, 239. 
Blackwall, 172. 
Blackwood, 136, 137. 
Blade, 220, 220. 
Blades, 221. 



Blague, 243. 

Blain, 246. 

Blake, 243. 

Blarney, 66, 71. 

Blanchpied, 243. 

Bland, 66, 69. 

Blank, 42. 

Blankett, 177. 

Blankman, 42. 

Blantaine, 252. 

Blase, 150, 151. 

Blazo, 150. 

Bleacher, 205. 

Bleak, 148. 

Bleakhorn, 148. 

Blea'kley, 147, 148. 

Blear, 85. 

Blease, 246. 

Bledsoe, 220. 

Bleeker, 147. 

Bleight, 34. 

Bless, 233. 

Blessing, 233, 233. 

Blest, 233. 

Blew, 148, 165. 

Blewey, 165. 

Bli, 10. 

Bligh, 34, 34. 

Blind, 85. 

Blinko, 252. 

Blinn, 246. 

Blish, 266. 

Blithe, 65. 

Blitz, 147. 

Block, 169, 169. 

Blonde, 85. 

Blood, 7, 218. 

Bloodgood, 79, 227, 227. 

Bloom, 85, 140. 

Bloombaum, 137. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



279 



Bloomer, 54, 85, 85. 

Bloomfield, 128, 128, 140. 

Bloomingdale, 129. 

Blooms, 140. 

Bloomy, 39. 

Bios, 246. 

Blossom, 140, 140. 

Blott, 25. 

Blow, 148, 149. 

Blower, 79. 

Blowers, 79. 

Blue, 165. 

Blumenbach, 143. 

Blumpey, 243. 

Blunder, 45. 

Blunt, 66. 

Blush, 70. 

Blute, 246. 

Bly, 8, 65. 

Boal, 180. 

Board, 173. 

Boardman, 202. 

Boarman, 107. 

Boate, 197, 198. 

Boatman, 197, 198. 

Boats, 197. 

Boaze, 54. 

Bobson, 237. 

Booking, 176. 

Bockius, 251. 

Bocock, 115. 

Boddy, 52, 53. 

Boddye, 52. 

Bodfish, 119. 

Bodkin, 25. 

Body, 52, 52. 

Boe, 10. 

Bogel, 48. 

Bogen, 219. 

Bogg, 128. 



Boggs, 128. 
Boggust, 252. 
Bogly, 130. 
Bogman, 128. 
Bogy, 37. 
Boh, 10. 
Bohemion, 95. 
Bohrer, 62. 
Boies, 50. 
Boil, 150. 
Boileau, 37. 
Boiler, 150. 
Boils, 226. 
Boit, 246. 
Bok, 10. 
Bold, 60, 63. 
Bolde, 63. 
Bole, 181. 
Boleg, 83. 
Boles, 179. 
Bolles, 179. 
Bolster, 32, 176. 
Bolt, 172. 
Bolter, 32. 
Boltins, 207. 
Bom, 10. 
Bonaparte, 20. 
Bonbright, 84. 
Bond, 50. 

Bone, 52, 81, 105, 122. 
Bones, 53, 105. 
Bonesteel, 104, 105. 
Boney, 79, 81, 85. 
Bongarten, 128, 252. 
Bonheur, 58. 
Boniface, 25, 86. 
Bonnemot, 58. 
Bonnet, 104. 
Bonnett, 104. 
Bonney, 83. 



280 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Bonnier, 85. 
Bonny, 85. 
Bonnycastle, 168. 
Boody, 246. 
Book, 185, 185. 
Booker, 185. 
Bookman, 185, 185. 
Bookstore, 170, 186. 
Boom, 164, 198. 
Boomep, 218. 
Boon, 196. 
Boone, 196. 
Boor, 85. 
Boorman, 85. 
Boos, 252. 
Boosey, 229. 
Boot, 104. 
Booth, 169. 
Boott, 32. 
Bootman, 202. 
Booz, 229. 
Booze, 229. 
Boozer, 229. 
Bordman, 202. 
Bordridge, 172. 
Boreman, 60, 108. 
Borland, 127. 
Born, 94. 
Borrow, 192. 
Borrowman, 205. 
Borrows, 192. 
Borrowscale, 121. 
Bors, 246. 
Bos, 10, 10, 110. 
Bosch, 233. 
Bosh, 234. 
Bosom, 50. 
Bosquet, 143. 
Boss, 25. 
Bossey, 107. 



Bossom, 50. 

Boston, 97. ■ 

Bosworth, 98. 

Both, 158. 

Bott, 125, 246. 

Bottcher, 84. 

Bottel, 180. 

Bottle, 209. 

Bottles, 180. 

Bottom, 37, 131. 

Bottomley, 131. 

Botts, 125. 

Botume, 246. 

Boulanger, 164. 

Boulder, 131. 

Boulds, 252. 

Bound, 160. 

Bounty, 196. 

Bouquet, 142. 

Bourne, 160. 

Bouves, 246. 

Bow, 10. 

Bowd, 83, 252. 

Bowdish, 180. 

Bowditch, 172, 180, 220, 239. 

Bowdry, 33. 

Bowe, 218. 

Bowell, 53. 

Bowels, 52. 

Bower, 127. 

Bowers, 127. 

Bowes, 218. 

Bowl, 180. 

Bowler, 216. 

Bowles, 63, 179, 216, 217. 

Bowlinwater, 32. 

Bowman, 218. 

Bowzer, 246. 

Box, 8, 179. 

Boxall, 222. 






INDEX OF SURNAMES, 



281 



Boxer, 223. 
Boy, 50. 
Boycot, 50. 
Boye, 50. 
Boyle, 150. 
Boylen, 150. 
Boys, 50, 50. 
Boyson, 90. 
Boze, 246. 
Braan, 246. 
Brace, 102. 
Bracegirdle, 102. 
Brackett, 171. 
Bradbury, 238. 
Brade, 106. 
Bradfield, 267. 
Bradford, 133, 238. 
Bradfute, 80. 
Brading, 238. 
Bradlee, 239. 
Bradley, 128. 
Bradshaw, 128, 239. 
Bradstreet, 178, 240. 
Bradvvay, 179. 
Brady, 37. 
Brager, 70. 
Bragg, 63, 70. 
Braid, 106. 
Brain, 51, 52. 
Braine, 51, 52. 
Brains, 52. 
Brake, 214. 
Brakeman, 214. 
Braker, 135. 
Bralley, 222. 
Bram, 250. 
Bramah, 37. 
Braman, 110. 
Bramble, 145, 145. 
Bran, 145, 145, 145. 



Branch, 138. 
Brand, 150, 150. 
Branda, 230. 
Brande, 150. 
Brander, 33. 
Brands, 151. 
Brane, 267. 
Brant, 116, 118. 
Brash, 34, 246. 
Brason, 187. 
Brass, 175. 
Brassbridge, 133. 
Brassgirdle, 105. 
Brassey, 166. 
Brassy, 166. 
Bratt, 92, 92. 
Braun, 123. 
Bravo, 222. 
Brawn, 122. 
Bray, 162, 163, 240. 
Bray man, 110. 
Brazer, 202. 
Brazier, 202. 
Brazill, 96. 
Bread, 207, 208. 
Breake, 180. 
Breaker, 133. 
Breakey, 180. 
Breakwill, 28. 
Breams, 119. 
Breck, 246. 
Breckenbury, 11. 
Bredcake, 208. 
Bredin, 87. 
Bree, 246. 
Breecher, 28. 
Breed, 107. 
Breeding, 86. 
Breeol, 252. 
Breeze, 147. 



36 



282 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Breising, 252. 
Brew, 202, 204. 
Brewer, 202. 
Brewster, 202. 
Brick, 39, 175, 175, 175. 
Brickhed, 60. 
Bricklayer, 39. 
Brickley, 128. 
Brickman, 205. 
Brick wood, 175. 
Bride, 54, 90. 
Bridecake, 208. 
Brideoak, 137. 
Bridge, 133, 178. 
Bridgit, 56. 
Bridle, 212, 212, 213. 
Brier, 139. 
Brigg, 196. 
Briggs, 196. 
Brigham, 238. 
Bright, 65. 
Brightman, 65. 
Brigman, 196. 
Brigstock, 198. 
Brim, 160. 
Brimlow, 160. 
Brimmer, 21. 
Brims, 160. 
Brindle, 109. 
Brine, 7. 
Brines, 210. 
Brink, 160, 160. 
Brinkman, 160. 
Brinley, 239. 
Briscoe, 246. 
Brisk, 71, 75. 
Brisker, 76. 
Brissel, 122. 
Bristleham, 7. 
Bristol, 98. 



Brittain, 95. 
Brittell, 190. , 
Britton, 95. 
Broach, 34. 
Broad, 15, 79. 
Broadbeck, 239. 
Broadbelt, 102. 
Broadbent, 83. 
Broadbrooks, 244. 
Broaders, 252. 
Broadfoot, 81, 85. 
Broadhead, 79. 
Broadwater, 39, 135. 
Broadway, 178. 
Brodhag, 85. 
Brodnax, 34. 
Brogan, 102. 
Broke, 193. 
Broker, 43. 
Bromfield, 128. 
Bronte, 148. 
Brood, 116- 
Brookhouse, 168. 
Brookmire, 132. 
Brooks, 15. 
Broom, 176, 179, 267. 
Broomhall, 170. 
Brother, 90. 
Brothers, 90, 91. 
Brotherson, 90, 91. 
Brougham, 243. 
Brounbill, 113, 218. 
Brouner, 166. 
Brouning, 166. 
Brouse, 108. 
Brow, 53. 
Brown, 82, 165. 
Brownbill, 113. 
Browner, 166. 
Browning, 166. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



283 



Brownrig, 106. 
Brownrigg, 102, 106. 
Brownsmith, 204. 
Broyler, 151. 
, Brubbs, 246. 
Bruce, 37. 
Brude, 115. 
Bruin, 107, 111. 
Brummagim, 192. 
Brunette, 84. 
Brunnon, 252. 
Brunswick, 36. 
Brunt, 218. 
Brush, 176, 179. 
Brusher, 176. 
Brussel, 97. 
Brutus, 62. 
Bry, 9, 10, 10. 
Bryant, 15. 
Bryer, 138. 
Bub, 10, 246. 
Bubb, 34, 254. 
Bubey, 60. 
Buch, 184. 
Buck, 107, 110. 
Buckett, 209. 
Buckey, 109. 
Buckford, 133. 
Buckholder, 205. 
Buckland, 129. 
Buckle, 105, 106. 
Buckleman, 107, 202. 
Buckler, 219, 220, 222. 
Buckles, 103. 
Buckman, 107. 
Buckmaster, 107, 112. 
Bud, 8, 140. 
Budd, 140. 
Budds, 141. 
Buddy, 141. 



Budge, 75, 76. 
Budget, 184. 
Buff, 165. 
Buffet, 222. 
Bugbee, 124. 
. Bugden, 124. 
Bugg, 124. 
Buggey, 124, 212. 
Buggs, 124. 
Buggy, 124, 212. 
Bugler, 220. 
Bugless, 124. 
Builder, 39. 
Bulbeet, 144. 
Bulby, 144. 
Bulfinch, 113. 
Bulger, 79. 
Bulk, 81. 
Bulkley, 79. 
Bull, 107, 110. 
Bullard, 107. 
Bulley, 64. 
Bullman, 107. 
Bullock, 107. 
Bulmer, 252. 
Bulpit, 171. 
Bumm, 53. 
Bump, 228. 
Bumpus, 224. 
Bumside, 244. 
Bumstead, 239. 
Bun, 203. 
Bunch, 88. 
Bundy, 246. 
Bunn, 202, 208. 
Buntin, 219. 
Bunting, 113. 
Bunyan, 225. 
Buoncore, 57. 
Burch, 138. 



284 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Burchstead, 239. 

Bureau, 176, 176. 

Burg, 168. 

Burgess, 168. 

Burgthal, 30. 

Burk, 222. 

Burke, 258. 

Burley, 79. 

Burlingame, 215. 

Burn, 133, 149. 

Burnap, 152. 

Burnett, 149. 

Burnham, 149. 

Burnish, 202. 

Burns, 149. 

Burnside, 133, 244. 

Burnup, 151. 

Burr, 138, 138, 140. 

Burrliouse, 170. 

Burrough, 168. 

Burroughs, 108. 

Burrow, 111. 

Burst, 190. 

Burstall, 193. 

Burtch, 138. 

Buryhill, 5. 

Bush, 138. 

Bushell, 159, 180. 

Bushey, 139. 

Bushway, 139. 

Busk, 101. 

Buske, 101. 

Buss, 90, 213. 

Bussell, 102. 

Bussing, 91. 

Bussman, 91. 

Bustard, 116, 118. 

Bustin, 79. 

Buswell, 90. 

Butcher, 32, 202, 203, 223. 



Butt, 179, 232, 267. 
Butten, 102. 
Butter, 207, 208, 208. 
Butterfield, 128. 
Buttermore, 207. 
Butters, 207. 
Butterworth, 207, 267. 
Buttery, 171. 
Button, 102, 104. 
Buttonman, 202. 
Buttress, 169. 
Buttrey, 208. 
Buttry, 171. 
Butts, 179, 180. 
Buzzard, 113. 
Buzzell, 246. 
By, 232. 
Bye, 187. 
Byers, 26, 197. 
Bygod, 233. 
Byler, 150. 
Byles, 225. 
Byron, 137, 242. 
Bytheway, 232. 
Byus, 197, 246. 
Bywaters, 246. 

Cabb, 213. 
Cabbage, 145. 
Cable, 197. 
Caddick, 246. - 
Caddy, 177. 
Cady, 197. 
Cade, 25. 
Cadet, 94. 
Cadmus, 37. 
Caesar, 36. 
Cage, 116. 
Caillouil, 252. 
Cain, 35. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



285 



Cairns, 168. 
Cake, 209. 
Cakebred, 208. 
Caldbeck, 135. 
Calder, 246. 
Caleb, 236. 
Calef, 107. 
Calf, 107. 
Calfe, 107. 
Calking, 197. 
Calkins, 197, 197. 
Call, 162. 
Callaway, 163. 
Callender, 154. 
Callow, 115. 
Calm, 61. 
Calnan, 246. 
Calvin, 235. 
Cam, 8, 96. 
Cambridge, 97. 
Came, 26, 246. 
Camel, 107. 
Camp, 218, 221. 
Campbell, 218. 
Can, 8, 179. 
Canada, 96. 
Canale, 98. 
Canan, 246. 
Canary, 113. 
Cande, 209. 
Candee, 209, -209. 
Candell, 177. 
Candido, 167. 
Candidus, 59. 
Candlish, 177. 
Candor, 57. 
Candy, 209, 209. 
Cane, 35, 35. 
Caneday, 246. 
Canegally, 246. 



Caner, 32. 
Cann, 179, 181. 
Cannel, 151. 
Canney, 70. 
Cannon, 218. 
Canny, 70. 
Cant, 70. 
Canter, 212, 213. 
Canterbury, 97. 
Cantey, 66. 
Canty, 70. 
Cantwell, 70. 
Cape, 104. 
Capers, 75. 
Capes, 103. 
Capewell, 133. 
Capon, 118. 
Capp, 100. 
Cappe, 105. 
Capper, 101, 106. 
Capps, 100. 
Capron, 113. 
Capt, 199. 
Captain, 199. 
Car, 8. 
Cara, 54. 
Carabine, 218. 
Carary, 97. 
Caravan, 99. 
Card, 214, 215. 
Cardial, .246. 
Cardinal, 199. 
Cards, 216. 
Care, 63. 
Careless, 63, 73. 
Caress, 92. 
Cargo, 198. 
Carivano, 252. 
Cark, 69. 
Carl, 235. 



286 



NDEX OF SURNAxMES. 



Carland, 38. 
Carlaw, 189. 
Carlish, 97. 
Carlisle, 97. 
Carman, 205, 214. 
Carnes, 246. 
Caron, 96. 
Carp, 120. 
Carpenter, 202, 203. 
Carr, 25, 214. 
Carrack, 196. 
Carret, 144. 
Carribine, 218. 
Carrick, 196. 
Carrier, 200, 202, 204. 
Carrique, 197. 
Carrol, 14. 
Carroll, 162, 163. 
Cars, 43, 214. 
Carter, 202. 
Carthouse, 168. 
Cartland, 130. 
Cartledge, 246. 
Cartlidge, 122. 
Cartman, 39. 
Cartwright, 202. 
Carty, 25, 43. 
Carver, 202. 
Carveth, 39. 
Carwithie, 252. 
Cary, 246. 
Casco, 96. 
Case, 14, 186, 188. 
Casement, 172, 173. 
Cash, 190. 
Cashdollar, 190. 
Cashman, 190. 
Cashmere, 103. 
Caske, 179. 
Caskey, 180. 



Casmay, 246. 
Casper, 235. 
Casteene, 97. 
Castell, 168. 
Caster, 204. 
Castin, 246. 
Castle, 168. 
Castles, 168. 
Castor, 180. 
Casty, 246. 
Cat, 108, 267. 
Catchpole, 187, 188. 
Cate, 54, 209. 
Cately, 209. 
Cater, 209, 229. 
Cates, 209, 246. 
Catesmole, 109. 
Catle, 107. 
Catlet, 110. 
Cato, 37. 
Cattell, 109. 
Cattermole, 109. 
Cattle, 107. 
Catts, 108. 
Catulus, 110. 
Caul, 123. 
Caulback, 246. 
Caule, 122. 
Caulk, 198. 
Caulkins, 197, 197. 
Caulter, 180. 
Caup, 246. 
Causey, 178, 178. 
Cave, 130. 
Cavendish, 28. 
Cavendy, 28. 
Caw, 163. 
Cealens, 172. 
Ceaven, 159. 
Cedarbloom, 138. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



287 



Cellar, 173. 

Celsus, 88. 

Cent, 191. 

Center, 160. 

Centlivre, 184. 

Centre, 160. 

Cerf, 50. 

Chace, 212. 

Chaddock, 142. 

Chaff, 45. 

Chain, 265. 

Chalice, 179. 

Chalk, 27. 

Chalker, 34. 
Challenger, 219, 221 
Challis, 179. 
Chaloup, 197. 
Chamber, 171. 
Chamberlain, 200. 
Chambers, 171. 
Champagne, 231. 
Champernoone, 11. 
Champion, 218, 221. 
Chance, 216. 
Chancellor, 186. 
Chandler, 202. 
Channel, 133, 135. 
Chant, 163. 
Chapeau, 98. 
Chaplain, 199. 
Chapman, 202. 
Chapp, 98. 
Chappel, 168. 
Chappell, 168. 
Chard, 143, 246. 
Charity, 196, 196. 
Charles, 96, 235. 
Charon, 96. 
Chart, 197. 
Charter, 25. 



Chase, 136, 212. 

Chasm, 131. 

Chasse, 164. 

Chasty, 58. 

Chatel, 38. 

Chater, 72, 267. 

Chatfish, 120. 

Chatman, 72, 108. 

Chattin, 72, 73. 

Chatton, 72, 73. 

Chatwell, 72. 

Chaussee, 164. 

Cheap, 198, 198. 

Cheare, 231. 

Cheater, 63. 

Check, 191. 

Cheeke, 52, 52. 

Cheekly, 50. 

Cheeks, 51. 
Cheer, 163. 
Cheese, 208. 
Cheeseman, 202. 
Cheetham, 44. 
Cheke, 52. 
Chemin, 178. 
Chequer, 214. 
Cherry, 61. 
Cherry, 142. 
Chess, 214. 
Chessman, 214. 
Chest, 179. 
Chester, 97. 
Chestly, 50. 
Chestnut, 136, 145. 
Chestnutwood, 136. 
Chevalier, 199. 
Chew, 22, 22. 
Chewit, 22. 
Cheyne, 122. 
Chick, 113. 



288 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Chicken, 113. 
Chickey, 113. 
Chickling, 118. 
Child, 50. 
Children, 92, 264. 
Chilley, 147. 
Chillman, 151, 151. 
Chin, 51, 52. 
Chine, 123. 
Chinn, 51, 52. 
Chinneiy, 52. 
Chip, 151, 151. 
Chipman, 202. 
Chipp, 151. 
Chippey, 151. 
Chimes, 179. 
Chirpsir, 162. 
Chisels, 28. 
Chism, 246. 
Chithrick, 246. 
Chitty, 252, 254. 
Chizel, 180. 
Chizen, 246. 
Choice, 90. 
Cholar, 66. 
Cholmondeley, 243. 
Chose, 91. 
Chowder, 22. 
Chraister, 47. 
Chrichton, 28. 
Christ, 47. 
Christal, 175. 
Christe, 47. 
Christer, 47. 
Christian, 47. 
Christman, 47. 
Christmas, 48, 154. 
Christopher, 235. 
Chris topherson, 11, 11. 
Chrystal, 175'. 



Chrysty, 47. 
Chub, 120. 
Chubb, 120. 
Chubbe, 120. 
Chubbuck, 121. 
Chuck, 110. 
Church, 23, 168. 
Churchill, 170, 239. 
Churchman, 23. 
Churchyard, 170. 
Churn, 180. 
Chute, 31, 246. 
Chyne, 122. 
Cicero,. 146. 
' Cid, 10. 
Ciders, 229. 
Cilley, 60. 
Cinnamon, 39. 
. Cisco, 242. 
City, 168. 
Civil, 68. 
Civill, 61. 
Clack, 72. 
Clacker, 72, 264. 
Clad, 104. 
Clampett, 36. 
Clam pit, 36. 
Clampitt, 36. 
Clancy, 17. 
Clap, 162. 
Clapp, 162. 
Clapper, 163. 
Claret, 230. 
Clark, 199. 
Clarke, 20. 
Clash, 222. 
Class, 98. 
Clat, 172. 
Claude, 235. 
Clawson, 122. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



289 



Clay, 128. 

Clay born, 131. 

Claypole, 141. 

Clay pool, 131. 

Clays, 128. 

Claystone, 130. 

Clear, 59, 73. 

Clearraan, 61. 

Clearwater, 134. 

Cleaver, 179, 180, 180. 

Cleaze, 252. 

Clegg, 246. 

Clement, 66. 

Clench, 222. 
CLendinin, 246. 

Clerk, 200. 
Clerkin, 246. 
Cleu, 182. 
Clever, 61. 
Cleverly, 59. 
Clewley, 252. 
Clide, 96. 
Cliff, 127. 
Clifford, 133. 
Clift, 127. 
Climax, 42. 
Climb, 77. 
Clime, 96. 
Climie, 77. 
Clinch, 32, 222. 
Cline, 246. 
Cling, 92. 
Clinger, 92. 
Clink, 163. 
Clinkard, 252. 
Clipp, 27. 
Clive, 173. 
Cloak, 102, 104. 
Cloas, 102. 
Clock, 22. 



Close, 127, 127, 191, 194. 

Closer, 194. 

Clothier, 202, 205. 

Cloud, 49. 

Cloudman, 49. 

Cloutman, 102, 202. 

Clover, 139, 143, 145. 

Cloves, 209. 

Club, 223. 

Clubbe, 223. 

Clum, 68. 

Clutter, 84. 

Clutterbuck, 83, 252. 

Clymer, 77. 

Coache, 213. 

Coachman, 205. 

Coad, 186. 

Coal, 151, 151. 

Coale, 151. 

Coan, 182. 

Coar, 142. 

Coarser, 79. 
Coast, 134. 
Coates, 25, 102. 
Coats, 245. 
Cobb, 124, 140. 
Cock, 114. 
Cockburn, 243. 
Cockerell, 115, 117. 
Cockerill, 115. 
Cockeye, 88. 
Cocking, 219. 
Cockle, 121. 
Cockrell, 114. 
Cocks, 114. 
Cockshot, 221. 
Cockson, 214. 
Codd, 120, 121. 
Codding, 119. 
Codex, 188. 



•67 



290 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Codey, 186. 
Codley, 119. 
Codman, 119, 122. 
Codner, 252. 
Codomanus, 122. 
Codwise, 119, 247. 
Cody, 119. 
Coe, 8. 
Coess, 252. 
Coffee, 207. 
Coffin, 4. 
Coffinberry, 265. 
Coffing, 225. 
Coffman, 226. 
Coffre, 191. 
Coignac, 230. 
Coil, 208, 210. 
Coin, 190, 191. 
Coiner, 205. 
Cokar, 151. 
Coke, 151, 151, 189. 
Cokely, 151. 
Coker, 202. 
Colbath, 147. 
Colburn, 239. 
Colcock, 114. 
Colder, 151. 
Coldwell, 134. 
Cole, 150, 151. 
Colegrove, 244. 
Coleman, 202. 
Colfish, 22. 
Colflesh, 22. 
Collar, 102, 104. 
Coller, 101. 
Collier, 202. 
Collingbourne, 11. 
Colman, 30, 202. 
Colmire, 131. 
Colombine, 143. 



Colon, 185. 
Coloney, 98. 
Colonius, 98. 
Colony, 98. 
Colt, 107. 
Colthirst, 230. 
Coltman, 107. 
Columbus, 37, 257. 
Colwell, 244. 
Comb, 102. 
Comber, 246. 
Comboy, 246. 
Combs, 102. 
Comer, 26. 
Comes, 26. 
Comet, 49. 
Comfort, 67. 
Comly, 83, 85. 
Commal, 185. 
Commander, 199. 
Commodus, 88. 
Comsett, 246. 
Concha, 121. 
Cocklayne, 18. 
Conder, 117. 
Condit, 133. 
Cone, 182. 
Coney, 107. 
Conger, 119.' 
Congreve, 257. 
Conklyn, 18. 
Conn, 183. 
Conologue, 246. 
Conover, 184. 
Conquest, 218, 220. 
Conrad, 235. 
Conscience, 73. 
Constable, 186, 189. 
Constant, 61, 71. 
Content, 61. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



291 



Converse, 72. 
Convey, 213. 
Convoy, 213. 
Conway, 97. 
Conybeare, 111. 
Coo, 163. 
Coobler, 205. 
Cook, 200. 
Cooker, 205. 
Cookman, 200, 205. 
Cookson, 200, 202. 
Cool, 65. 
Coolbroth, 22. 
Coolidge, 239. 
Cooling, 151. 
Coon, 107, 110. 
Cooney, 110. 
Coons, 110. 
Coop, 115. 
Cooper, 24, 202. 
. Coops, 115. 
Coot, 118, 118. 
Coote, 113, 117. 
Coots, 113, 118. 
Cop, 8. 
Cope, 102. 
Copeman, 105. 
Copenhagen, 97. 
Copes, 105. 
Copestick, 160. 
Copley, 252, 265. 
Copp, 246. 
Copperman, 190. 
Coppers, 190. 
Copperthorn, 139. 
Coquerel, 115. 
Coram, 99. 
Coran, 24. 
Corbett, 113, 116. 
Cord, 151, 210, 211. 



Corderoy, 101. 
Cordial, 61, 228. 
Cordiner, 202. 
Cordis, 6. 
Cords, 210. 
Core, 142. 
Corinth, 98. 
Cork, 97, 136. 
Corker, 202, 228. 
Corkery, 230. 
Corlew, 113. 
Corn, 145, 145. 
Come, 144. 
Cornelia, 54. 
Cornelius, 235. 
Corner, 161. 
Cornett, 199, 220. 
Cornhill, 144. 
Cornice, 171. 
Cornman, 205. 
Corolleiauer, 11. 
Corp, 246. 
Corporal, 199, 245. 
Corpse, 5. 
Corral, 134. 
Correster, 162. 
Corse, 5. 
Corsey, 5. 
. Cosine, 182. 
Cosset, 92. 
Cossit, 90. 
Cost, 190, 191. 
Costley, 191. 
Cot, 169. 
Cotchett, 246. 
Cotter, 202, 205. 
Cottle, 29. 
Cottman, 169, 205. 
Couch, 176. 
Coughamour, 227. 



292 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Cought, 188. 
Couland, 127. 
Coull, 104. 
Coult, 108. 
Council, 99. 
Councilman, 200, 200. 
Count, 90. 
Counter, 215. 
Countess, 56. 
Countraman, 96. 
Countryman, 205. 
Countsell, 187. 
County, 168. 
Couples, 158. 
Couplet, 184. 
Cource, 161. 
Courier, 267. 
Courser, 107. 
Court, 90, 186, 187. 
Courteous, 65. 
Courter, 91. 
Courtin, 91. 
Courts, 187. 
Cousen, 92. 
Cousens, 90, 91. 
Cousin, 92, 92. 
Cousins, 90^92. 
Cove, 133. 
Covert, 25. 
Covey, 115, 117. 
Cow, 108, 111. 
Coward, 73, 73. 
Cowden, 107. 
Cowgill, 121. , 
Cowherd, 205. 
Cowhig, 107. 
Cowing, 70. 
Cowles, 102. 
Cowley, 131. 
Cowls, 102. 



Cowman, 107. 

Cowthred, 107. 

Cox, 8, 114. 

Coxed, 115. 

Coy, 8. 

Coyle, 197, 222. 

Coyne, 190. 

Cozier, 29. 

Cozine, 182. 

Cozzen, 91. 

Cozzens, 90. 

Crabb, 122. 

Crabbe, 121. 

Crabbie, 66. 

Crabs, 120. 

Crabtree, 13, 136. 

Crack, 149. 

Crackbon, 32. 

Crackbone, 30. 

Crackett, 34. 

Crackey, 83. 

Crackstone, 33. 

Craft, 205. 

Crafts, 205. 

Cragg, 127. 

Cragmire, 131. 

Craig, 127. 

Craighead, 131. 

Craigie, 127. 

Crain, 179, 180. 

Craine, 113. 

Crall, 70. 

Cram, 22. 

Cramp, 225, 225, 226, 226. 

Cranberry, 145. 

Crane, 113. 

Crank, 214. 

Cranmer, 252. 

Crasher, 223. 

Crassus, 79, 89. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



293 



Cravat, 103. 
Cravath, 101. 
Craven, 60, 63. 
Craw, 34, 120, 250. 
Crawfoot, 86. 
Crawford, 133. 
Crawshaw, 246. 
Crawshay, 101. 
Craze, 62. 
Creak, 174. 
Creake, 174. 
Cream, 209. 
Creamer, 207, 209. 
Crease, 122. 
Creasy, 122. 
Creech, 246. 
Creed, 23. 
Creeper, 77. 
Cress, 143. 
Cressy, 98. 
Creter, 230. 
Crewe, 117. 
Cribb, 176. 
Cribbin, 192. 
Cribbs, 176. 
Cribby, 192. 
Crick, 252. 
Cricke, 252. 
Cricket, 124. 
Crier, 162, 186. 
Crimlisk, 246. 
Crimson, 165. 
Crisp, 150, 150. 
Crispe, 150. 
Crispin, 150. 
Crispy, 83, 150. 
Cristal, 175. 
Croak, 66, 86, 162. 
Croakham, 252. 
Crock, 123. 



Crocker, 202. 

Crocum, 252. 

Croe, 113. 

Crofoot, 86. 

Croft, 127. 

Croker, 162. 

Crone, 56, 56, 85. 

Croney, 93. 

Crook, 83. 

Crooke, 83. 

Crooker, 83. 

Crookshanks, 83. 

Crop, 125. 

Cropp, 145. 

Cropper, 27, 205. 

Cropps, 246. 

Crosby, 66. 

Croscup, 68. 

Crosier, 199. 
Cross, 66, 68. 
Crossman, 66. 
Cross way, 178. 
Crotch, 86. 
Crouch, 63, 70, 245. 
Crow, 113. 
Crowd, 98. 
Crowder, 78. 
Crowe, 113, 116. 
Crowhurst, 132. 
Crowin, 115. 
Crowley, 132. 
Crown, 190. 
Crowninshield, 11, 244. 
Crozier, 199. 
Crucifix, 169. 
Cruckshanks, 85. 
Crudup, 34. 
Cruice, 228. 
Cruikshanks, 85. 
Cruise, 228. 



294 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Crum, 23. 
Crumb, 23. 
Crumbley, 60. 
Crummy, 23. 
Crump, 246, 250. 
Crumpecker, 115. 
Cruse, 227. 
Cruso, 156. 
Crusoe, 156. 
Crutch, 227. 
Crutchfield, .85. 
Crystal, 175. 
Cubitt, 160. 
Cuckold, 92. 
Cuckoo, 117. 
Cuckow, 116. 
Cud, 125. 
Cudd, 109. 
Cuddeback, 85. 
Cuddy, 196, 246. 
Cudworth, 107, 246. 
Cue, 214. 
Cuff, 102, 222. 
Cuffe, 224. 
Cull, 64, 246. 
Cully, 74. 
Culverhouse, 265. 
Cumback, 15. 
Cumber, 75, 246. 
Cumberland, 130. 
Cumley, 85. 
Cumming, 26. 
Cundy, 246. 
Cunning, 265. 
Cunningham, 238. 
Cuntz, 246. 
Curd, 208. 
Cure, 227, 228. 
Curick, 247. 
Curius, 89. 



Curl, 83. 
Curlew, 113. 
Curley, 83. 
Curll, 84. 
Curly, 83. 
Curlyhead, 83. 
Curr, 110. 
Cur ran, 37. 
Currant, 132, 141. 
Currants, 142. 
Currier, 202. 
Curry, 212, 212, 247. 
Cursin, 233. 
Curtain, 176. 
Curtin, 176. 
Curwithie, 252. 
Cushim, 233. 
Cushing, 19, 176. 
Cuskly, 120. 
Cust, 233. 
Custard, 209, 209. 
Cutbush, 139. 
Cutcliff, 127, 247 
Cutler, 202. 
Cutlock, 174. 
Cutter, 202. 
Cutting, 40, 202. 
Cuttler, 205. 
Cutts, 218. 
Cuzens, 90. 
Cyfer, 42. 
Cypher, 42. 
Cyphers, 42. 
Cyprus, 136. 
Cyr, 250. 
Cys, 250. 

Dabbs, 25. 
Dace, 121. 
Dadd, 90. 






INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



295 



Daddo, 33. 
Dady, 90, 92. 

Daffy, 70, 70. 

Daft, 62. 

Dager, 220. 

Dagger, 218, 221. 

Daguerre, 257. 

Dailey, 155. 

Dainty, 22, 23. 

Dairy, 208. 

Dais, 176. 

Daisey, 144. 

Dale, 127. 

Daley, 155. 

Dally, 76, 77. 

Dam, 8, 25, 128. 

Dambman, 233. 

Dame, 54. 

Damm, 233, 233. 

Damman, 233. 

Dammin, 233. 

Damon, 90. 

Dan, 236. 

Dana, 15. 

Dance, 164, 164, 164, 164. 

Dancer, 164, 164, 164. 

Dancey, 164, 164. 

Dandy, 83, 83, 247. 

Dane, 95. 

Danforth, 239. 

Dangerfield, 219. 

Dangers, 219. 

Daniell, 235. 

Dante, 37. 

Dapmar, 247. 

Darch, 33. 

Dardy, 247. 

Dare, 60, 63, 64. 

Dares, 68. 

Dark, 84, 156. 



Darke, 156. 
Darken, 34. 
Darker, 166. 
Darkies, 166. 
Darling, 90. 
Darner, 233. 
Darrah, 247. 
Darroll, 252. 
Dart, 218, 220. 
Dartady, 247. 
Dasey, 142. 
Dash, 70. 
Dasha, 247. 
Dashe, 70. 
Dashwood, 247. 
Date, 155. 
Dau, 118. 
Daub, 25, 166. 
Daunt, 65. 
David, 235. 
Davids, 237. 
Davidson, 237. 
Davie, 37. 
Davies, 237. 
Davis, 18, 237. 
Davison, 237. 
Daw, 10, 113, 117. 
Dawes, 113. 
Dawn, 167. 
Dawson, 113, 117. 
Dax, 10. 
Day, 155. 
Daycock, 114. 
Day foot, 155. 
Dayman, 155. 
Days, 155. 
Daze, 144. 
Dea, 10, 267. 
Deacey, 247. 
Deacon, 27. 



296 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Deadman, 4, 5. 
Deady, 5.. 
Deal, 214, 215. 
Dealey, 214. 
Dealfaro, 214. 
Dealing, 216. 
Dealling, 214. 
Deally, 214. 
Deals, 214. 
Dean, 199. 
Dear, 90, 91. 
Dearbird, 1 17. 
Dearborn, 90. 
Dearby, 247. 
Deare, 91. 
Dearing, 238. 
Dearraan, 91. 
Dears, 90. 
Dearth, 21. 
Deary, 90, 91. 
Deas, 8. 
Death, 4. 
Debby, 55. 
Debell, 49. 
De Belle Eau, 242. 
De Camp, 76. 
Decharms, 84. 
Decius, 158. 
Deck, 196. 
Decke, 196. 
Dee, 8, 9. 
Deeds, 188. 
Deel, 214. 
Deer, 107. 
Deery, 91. 
Deffick, 252. 
Defoe, 28. 
Defriez, 147. 
De Frites, 247. 
Degg, 33. 



Degree, 182. 
De L' Angle, 182. 
Delay, 26. 
Delight, 44. 
Dell, 127. 
Del Negro, 167., 
Delver, 202. 
Delvin, 25. 
Demeritt, 57. 
Demme, 233. 
Demuth, 70. 
Dench, 247. 
Denio, 43. 
Denne, 127. 
Dent, 50, 52. 
Dentatus, 89. 
Denyer, 43. 
Deo, 10. 
De Pew, 170. 
Deplore, 61. 
De Porquet, 107. 
Depty, 13. 
Deputy, 200. 
Derbishire, 97. 
Derbyshire, 97. 
Derrick, 25, 172. 
Derth, 21. 
Desert, 127. 
De Silver, 190. 
Detter, 187. 
Dettrick, 252. 
Deturbe, 247. 
Deuel, 265. 
Deuell, 49. 
Devar, 247. 
Deven, 252. ■ 
Devens, 247. 
Deverill, 252. 
Devil, 49. 
Devine, 40. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



297 



Devlin, 49. 
Devonshire, 97. 
Devotion, 5. 
Dew, 147. 
Dewey, 147. 
DeWolf, 107. 
De Worde, 185. 
Dexter, 50. 
Dey, 199. 
D'Honneur, 58. 
Dialogue, 73. 
Diamond, 100. 
Dibble, 49. 
Dibblee, 247. 
Dick, 237. 
Dickens, 233. 
Dickerman, 197. 
Dickers, 198. 
Dickey, 101, 105. 
Dickins, 232. 
Dickman, 237. 
Dickson, 237. 
Dicy, 216. 
Diehl, 49. 
Dier, 205. 
Dieter, 22. 
Dietman, 227. 
Diety, 22. 
Diffendaffer, 11. 
Diggins, 34, 131. 
Diggles, 247. 
Diggs, 205. 
Dignum, 58. 
Dike, 128. 
Dikes, 128. 
DiU, 247. 
Dillenback, 247. 
Diman, 202. 
Dinely, 6. 
Ding, 163. 



Dingie, 166. 

Dingle, 131. 

Dingwell, 247. 

Dingy, 165. 

Dining, 22. 

Dinn, 163. 

Dinnin, 162. 

Dinning, 162. 

Dinter, 247. 

Dippie, 149. 

Dipple, 33. 

Dirkin, 223. 

Disch, 247. 

Disher, 200. 

Dishman, 200. 

Distill, 230. 

Ditcher, 202. 

Ditchfield, 132. 
Dito, 42. 
Ditson, 35. 
Ditton, 35, 35. 
Divan, 176. 
Diver, 77. 
Divers, 79. 
Dives, 194. 
Divin, 78. 
Dix, 8, 158, 237. 
Dixon, 237. 
Dixwell, 15. 
Dizer, 247. 
Doak, 247. 
Dobbin, 107. 
Dock, 197, 198. 
Docket, 186. 
Dockham, 193, 247. 
Dockum, 194. 
Dod, 8, 10. 
Dodge, 71. 
Doe, 8, 107, 187. 
Doer, 60. 



38 



298 



INDEX OF .SURNAMES. 



Does, 111. 
Dohr, 171. 

Doldt, 60. 
Dole, 196. 
Dolfin, 119. 
Doll, 74, 81, 85. 
Dolley, 55. 
Dolls, 85. 
Dolly, 54. 
Dolphin, 121. 
Dolt, 60. 
Domblide, 252. 
Domblider, 252. 
Domingo, 95. 
Don, 10. 
Donald, 235. 
Donke,- 62. 
Donner, 147. 
Doolady, 43. 
Doolittle, 60. 
Door, 173. 
Dore, 171, 174. 
Dorey, 214. 
Dorion, 252. 
Dorn, 138. 
Dorothy, 56. 
Dorr, 13. 
Dory, 119, 196. 
Dos, 10. 
Doton, 90. 
Dotter, 166. 
Dotts, 166. 
Double, 159. 
Doubleday, 155. 
Doubt, 73. 
Doubty, 79. 
Doudican, 247. 
Doudle, 85. 
Doudy, 85. 
Dough, 207. 



Doughty, 79. 
Douney, 130, 131. 
Douty, 79. 
Dove, 113, 116. 
Dow, 8, 165. 
Dowdell, 60, 60. 
Dowdle, 85. 
Dowdy, 62, 85. 
Dower, 195. 
Dowlettell, 60. 
Down, 32. 
Downie, 131. 
Downs, 128. 

Downy, 131. 

Dowse, 147, 149. 

Dox, 9. 

Doy, 263. 

Dozeville, 157. 

Dragon, 125. 

Drain, 31. 

Drainey, 31. 

Drake, 113, 116. 

Drakeman, 117. 

Dram, 230, 230. 

Drane, 31. 

Draper, 33, 202. 

Drawbridge, 178. 

Drax, 33. 

Dray, 180, 212. 

Dredge, 172. 

Dresser, 100. 

Drew, 247. 

Dreyer, 21, 229. 

Driggs, 231. 

Drinkard, 230. 

Drinkdreggs, 231. 

Drinker, 21. 

Drinkhouse, 170. 

Drinkmilk, 230. 

Drinkwater, 22. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



299 



Dripps, 149. 
Driver, 200. 
Droll, 60, 61. 
Droolby, 87. 
Dropsie, 226. 
Drought, 231. 
Drown, 133. 
Drudge, 203. 
Drum, 219, 220. 
Drumm, 219. 
Drummer, 218, 219. 
Drummey, 219. 
Drunken, 230. 
Dryden, 37, 127. 
Dryer, 231. 
Dryman, 228. 
Drysdale, 132. 
Dublett, 102. 
Ducat, 191. 
Duck, 113, 117, 118. 
Ducker, 148, 149. 
Duckett, 191. 
Ducklow, 30. 
Duckman, 116. 
Ducom, 43. 
Dudgeon, 66. 
Dudifit, 43. 
Duely, 187. 
Duff, 247. 
Duffey, 18. 
Duke,' 198. 
Dull, 61. 
Dullard, 61. 
Dulles, 32. 
Dulley, 60, 61. 
Dulmage, 61. 
Dum, 72. 
Dummer, 21. 
Dummkopf, 60. 
Dumsday, 5. 



Dun, 8, 10, 187. 
Dunbar, 97. 
Duncan, 235. 
Dunham, 190. 
Dunn, 18. 
Dunner, 187. 
Dunning, 44. 
Dunstable, 97. 
Dupe, 64. 
Duquid, 247. 
Durivage, 133. 
Dusen, 158. 
Dust, 27. 
Dustin, 247. 
Dutch, 95. 
Dutton, 35. 
Duty, 57. 
Dux, 10. 
Duy, 10. 
Duzzen, 158. 
Dwelle, 247. 
Dwelley, 247. 
Dwelshauvers, 11, 
Dyball, 166. 
Dyce, 216. 
Dyde, 5. 
Dye, 166. 
Dyer, 202. 
Dyes, 210. 
Dyke, 128. 
Dykes, 128. 
Dyre, 202. 
Dytch, 131. 

Eachman, 194. 
Ead, 10. 
Eager, 71. 
Eagle, 117. 
Eagles, 117. 
Ea<rleson, 117. 



300 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Eargood, 53. 
Earl, 198. 
Earle, 198. 
Earley, 157. 
Early, 156. 
Earnest, 64. 
Earnrigo, 247. 
Earratt, 109. 
Earthy, 36. 
Earwhisper, 73. 
Easby, 247. 
Easeman, QQ. 
Eason, 247. 
East, 152. 
Eastburn, 152. 
Easte, 152. 
Easter, 155. 
Easterday, 155. 
Easterly, 152. 
Eastford, 152. 
Eastham, 152. 
Eastlake, 133^ 265. 
Eastman, 152. 
Easty, 152. 
Easy, 69. 
Eaton, 241. 
Eatwell, 22. 
Eaves, 171, 174. 
Eayles, 120. 
Eayre, 53. 
E ay res, 50. 
Eby, 10, 10. 
Eck, 8. 
Eddy, 133. 
Ede, 10. 
Eden, 49. 
Edenborn, 49. 
Edgar, 235. 
Edgarton, 97. 
Edge, 160. 



Edgecomb, 102. 
Edges, 160. 
Edmond, 235. 
Edson, 237. 
Edward, 235. 
Eeles, 119. 
Eelles,,118. 
Eels, 119. 
Ege, 10. 
Egg, 116. 
Eggs, 116. 
Egle, 117. 
Ego, 194. 
Ehrlich, 58. 
Eid, 43. 
Eighteen, 159. 
Ela, 8. 
Elbow, 53. 
Eld, 9. 
Elder, 93. 
Elderkin, 90. 
Elders, 93, 98. 
Eldridge, 87. 
Eli, 10, 10, 235. 
Eliaers, 247. 
Eliot, 20, 247. 
Elisha, 235. 
Ella, 56. 
Ellen, 54. 
Ellens, 54. 
Ellms, 136. 
Ells, 159. 
Elm, 8, 136. 
Elms, 136. 
Els, 8. 
Elsie, 54. 
Ely, 8, 235. 
Elz, 10. 
Emareld, 100. 
Emereld, 100. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



301 



Emerson, 15. 
Emery, 207. 
Emmes, 247. 
Emmet, 124. 
Emmett, 125. 
Emperor, 201. 
End, 160. 
Ende, 156. 
Endecott, 238. 
Engal, 48. 
Engelman, 48. 
Engels, 48. 
England, 95. 
English, 95. 
Engs, 252." 
Eno, 10, 193. 
Enoch, 235. 
Enos, 235. 
Enough, 195. 
Ens, 10. 
Enser, 46. 
Ensign, 15, 199. 
Ent, 10. 

Entwistle, 254, 254. 
Epp, 10, 10. 
Er, 8. 

Erb, 10, 10, 10. 
Erdis, 247. 
Erk, 10. 
Erlj, 157. 
Email, 193. 
Ernest, 60. 
Erquit, 247. 
Err, 74. 
Ery, 10, 10. 
Esback, 247. 
Esquirell, 108. 
Essex, 97. 



Esson, 247. 
Estle, 247. 
Etheopean, 95. 
Etu, 10. 
Etz, 10. 

Eulenspiegel, 116. 
Eva, 56. 

Eve, 54, 157, 157. 
Eveleth, 239. 
Everedd, 243. 
Everett, 247. 
Every, 98, 98. 
Eves, 172. 
Evil, 73. 
Evilly, 58. 
Evily, 58. 
Ewe, 110.* 
Ewer, 179, 181. 
Ewers, 181. 
Ey, 8, 53. 
Eye, 51, 52. 
Eyes, 52. 
Ezekiel, 235. 
Ezra, 236. 
Ezzard, 265. 

Fabel, 185. 
Faber, 250. 
Fable, 185. 
Fabvier, 155. 
Face, 52. 
Facer, 38. 
Facks, 250. 
Fader, 90. 
Fadloaf, 247. 
Fagg, 76, 77. 
Fague, 247. 
Fail, 193. 



* Mr. Ewe, of Mi 



lwaukie. was killed by the fall of his store (June, 1858). 



302 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Failing, 193. 
Fain, 234. 
Faint, 70. 
Fair, 84, 85, 87. 
Fairbairn, 85, 90. 
Fairbank, 133. 
Fairbanks, 133. 
Fairbones, 84. 
Fairborn, 86. 
Fairbrother, 83, 85, 90. 
Fairchild, 83, 90. 
Faircloth, 102. 
Fairfield, 128. 
Fairfoul, 29. 
Fairlamb, 108. 
Fairly, 58. 
Fairman, 84, 85. 
Fairs, 198. 
Fairservice, 205. 
Fairtitle, 187. 
Fairweather, 147. 
Faith, 73, 74. 
Faithful, 63. 
Faithy, 58. 
Falcon, 117. 
Fall, 31. 
Fallbright, 31. 
Fallen, 39, 40. 
Faller, 26, 31, 31. 
Fallman, 31, 31. 
Fallon, 31. 
Fallow, 60. 
Falls, 31, 31. 
Fame, 201. 
Famous, 201. 
Fancy, 90. 
Fane, 252. 
Faneuil, 173. 
Fanning, 150, 247. 
Faour, 247. 



Faraday, 156. 
Farcy, 85. 
Fardle, 247. 
Fardy, 247." 
Fare, 22. 
Fares, 214. 
Farewell, 234. 
Fargo, 75. 
Farless, 42. 
Farmer, 202. 
Farn, 247. 
Faro, 214. 
Farr, 160. 
Farrar, 263. 
Farrow, 87. 
Farthing, 191, 191. 
Farthings, 191. 
Farwell, 234. 
Fasbeude, 247. 
Fash, 62. 
Fasset, 250. 
Fast, 22. 
Faster, 22. 
Fastin, 22. 
Fasting, 23. 
Fatal, 225. 
Fatman, 266. 
Fatt, 80. 
Fattman, 80. 
Fatty, 81. 
Faught, 222. 
Faulwasser, 123, 247. 
Favor, 90. 
Fawcet, 38. 
Fawcett, 26. 
Fawne, 107. 
Fax, 8. 
Fay, 8, 48. 
Faye, 247. 
Feachem, 245. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



303 



Fear, 6, 38. 
Fearing, 6. 
Fearman, 6. 
Fearne, 138. 
Fearnes, 138. 
Fears, 63, 70. 
Feast, 22. 
Feaster, 22. 
Feather, 118. 
Featherhoff, 116, 123. 
Feathers, 125. 
Featherson, 123. 
Featherstone, 30. 
Featherstonehaugh, 11. 
Featherstonhaugh, 11. 
Feber, 247. 
Federhen, 247. 
Fee, 186, 187. 
Fees, 188. 
Fei, 263. 
Feight, 222. 
Feiling, 247. 
Felbel, 247. 
Felix, 235. 
Felker, 247. 
Fell, 32, 32. 
Fellows, 98. 
Felon, 59, 226. 
Felt, 207. 
Fence, 171. 
Fenn, 128. 
Fennel, 142, 143. 
Fennell, 143. 
Fennester, 171. 
Ferdinand, 235. 
Fergy, 247. 
Fern, 139. 
Ferniside, 252. 
Ferns, 139. 
Ferrier, 204. 



Ferrill, 28. 

Ferriter, 72, 186. 

Ferry, 133, 197. 

Ferst, 79. 

Fester, 226. 

Fetch, 188. 

Fetchum, 186. 

Fette, 247. 

Fetter, 187, 188. 

Fetterman, 188. 

Fetters, 188. 

Fettiplace, 249. 

Fettyplace, 247. 

Feustle, 247. 

Fever, 225. 

Feveryear, 225. 

Few, 98, 99. 

Fewoer, 247. 

Fex, 10. 

Fey, 234, 263. 

Feyerbach, 30. 

Feyhl, 247. 

Fibbin, 63. 

Fibbs, 73. 

Fibe, 74. 

Fick, 252. ' 

Fickel, 61. 

Fiddler, 164. 

Fidlar, 164. 

Fidler, 164, 164, 164, 164. 

Fido, 110. 

Fie, 234. 

Field, 127. 

Fieldhouse, 170. 

Fields, 15, 128. 

Fieldy, 128. 

Fienkenfleugel, 11. 

Fife, 162. 

Figg, 142. 

Figge, 142. 



304 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Figgs, 142. 
Filbert, 142. 
File, 210. 
Filene, 247. 
Files, 210. 
Filhiol, 247. 
Fill, 22. 

Filldrought, 230. 
Filley, 107. 
Filling, 23. 
Fillings, 22. 
Fillman, 22. 
Fillmore, 22. 
Finch, 113, 116. 
Fines, 186. 
Finger, 50. 
Finis, 234. 
Finland, 95. 
Finn, 31, 95. 
Finney, 31. 
Finny, 121. 
Finster, 173. 
Fir, 136. 
Firebrace, 151. 
Firehock, 230. 
Firing, 151. 
Firman, 186, 204. 
Fish, 13, 119. 
Fishburn, 134. 
Fisher, 119, 202. 
Fishers, 119. 
Fishley, 119. 
Fishpool, 134. 
Fister, 223. 
Fite, 223. 
Fitt, 225. 
Fitter, 104. 
Fittings, 104. 
Fitton, 102, 104. 
Fitts, 225. 



Fitz, 225. 
Fitzhugh, 237. 
Fitzpen, 243. 
Fix, 74, 104, 263. 
Flaccus, 88. 
Flack, 247. 
Flagg, 219. 
Flake, 147, 149. 
Flaming, 149. 
Flanders, 95. 
Flang, 247. 
Flare, 265. 
Flash, 73. 
Flashman, 73. 
Flat, 64. 
Flatchley, 247. 
Flater, 64. 
Flatly, 60, 61, 64. 
Flatman, 45, 60. 
Flatt, 60, 61. 
Flatter, 67. 
Flattery, 66. 
Flaws, 188. 
Flaxman, 144. 
Flea, 124. 
Fleeman, 124. 
Fleet, 45, 75, 196. 
Fleming, 95. • 
Flesh, 81. 
Fletcher, 218. 
Flew, 78. 
Fley, 125. 
Flick, 252. 
Flight, 76. 
Flinders, 247. 
Fling, 164, 164, 223. 
Flint, 27. 
Flitcraft, 251. 
Flock, 107, 110, 110. 
Floden, 98. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



305 



Flohr, 171. 

Flood, 132, 147. 

Flora, 47. 

Florence, 97, 97. 

Florus, 88. 

Flower, 142. 

Flowers, 142. 

Flowry, 25. 

Floyd, 251. 

Fludd, 149. 

Flue, 173. 

Fluent, 25. 

Flues, 173. 

Fluet, 247. 

Fluker, 247. 

Flura, 61. 
Flush, 190. 
Flusk, 247. 
Flux, 226. 
Fly, 124. 
Flye, 17, 124. 
Flyer, 78. 
Fobbe, 195. 
Fog, 149. 
Fogel, 113. 
Fogelgesang, 162. 
Fogell, 113. 
Fogg, 147. 
Foggs, 148. 
Fogo, 122. 
Fogue, 247. 
Foie, 247. 
Fok, 263. 
Fold, 110. 
Foldin, 100. 
Folk, 98. 
Folley, 45. 
Folly, 45, 73. 
Folsom, 68. 
Foltz, 247. 



Foot, 50. 

Foote, 50, 159. 

Foothead, 52. 

Footman, 200. 

Fopless, 85. 

Force, 60, 182, 182, 182. 

Forcum, 22. 

Ford, 133. 

Fordin, 133. 

Forehand, 53. 

Foreman, 186, 187, 188,200. 

Forepaugh, 53, 123. 

Fores, 158. 

Forest, 136. 

Forget, 65. 

Forke, 22. 

Forker, 22, 22. 

Forrest, 137. 

Forrester, 202. 

Forrow, 247. 

Forsteen, 159. 

Fort, 221. 

Forte, 158. 

Forten, 191. 

Fortin, 191. 

Fortunati, 193. 

Fortune, 190, 191, 193, 193. 

Forty, 159. 

Forty e, 159. 

Forward, 218, 219. 

Fos, 263. 

Foss, 219. 

Foster, 17. 

Fotheringham, 244. 

Fouldes, 100. 

Foule, 83. 

Foully, 85. 

Foulshame, 68. 

Fountain, 133, 134. 

Fourname, 99. 



•39 



306 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Fowel, 33. 
Fowers, 158. 
Fowle, 113. 
Fowler, 33, 216. 
Fowls, 117. 
Fox, 8, 107. 
Foxcraft, 60. 
Foxworthy, 107. 
Foy, 8. 
Foyll, 217. 
Frailey, 39, 40, 40. 
Fraily, 40. 
Fraiser, 19. 
Fraitz, 197. 
Fraley, 40. 
Frame, 171, 172. 
Franc, 191. 
France, 96. 
Frances, 54. 
Francis,. 235. 
Francisco, 242. 
Frank, 58, 60. 
Frankland, 129. 
Franklin, 199. 
Freake, 66. 
Freas, 151. 
Fred, 236, 247. 
Frederick, 235. 
Free, 50. 
Freeborn, 50. 
Freed, 50. 
Freedman, 50. 
Freeke, 66. 
Freeland, 96. 
Freelove, 93. 
Freely, 196. 
Freeman, 50. 
Freemantle, 101, 102. 
Freer, 50. 
Freese, 147, 267. 



Freestone, 175. 
Freeze, 148, 151. 
French, 95. 
Frere, 91. 
Fresh, 229. 
Fresher, 230. 
Freshwater, 134. 
Freytag, 156. 
Friar, 23, 202. 
Friary, 23, 247. 
Frick, 34. 
Fricke, 247. 
Frickey, 245. 
Friday, 156. 
Fried, 150, 151. 
Friedman, 150. 
Friend, 90. 
Fries, 147, 150, 151. 
Friese, 171. 
Friey, 151. 
Frill, 101, 104. 
Frink, 247. 
Frip, 250. 
Frizzell, 66, 68. 
Frizzle, 15, 66. 
Frock, 104. 
From, 232. 
Frost, 147. * 
Frothingham, 15, 244. 
Frowert, 64. 
Fruin, 247. 
Frury, 247. 
Fry, 8, 150. 
Frye, 32. 
Fuchs, 107. 
Fudge, 233. 
Fudger, 60. 
Fuess, 66, 247. 
Fugit, 77. 
Fullam, 22. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



307 



Fuller, 202. 
Fullford, 134. 
Fulsom, 68, 267. 
Fulton, 257. 
Funk, 60, 61, 61. 
Funke, 61, 61. 
Funnell, 172. 
Furey, 66, 68. 
Furlong, 159. 
Furlow, 220, 221. 
Furman, 202, 204. 
Furness, 149, 152. 
Furrow, 85. 
Furss, 140. 
Fury, 67, 68. 
Furze, 136, 139. 
Furzer, 138. 
Fuselier, 265. 
Fuss, 66. 
Fussey, 69. 
Fux, 263. 
Fyffe, 163. 
Fyle, 210. 
Fyler, 32, 202, 247. 
Fysh, 121. 
Fyt, 225. 

Gab, 72. 
Gabay, 247. 
Gabb, 72, 73. 
Gabel, 173. 
Gabell, 173, 173. 
Gable, 172, 173, 173. 
Gabler, 72. 
Gabriel, 47. 
Gage, 141. 
Gager, 203. 
Gain, 192. 
Gainer, 192. 
Gaines, 192. 



Gainor, 192. 

Gains, 192. 

Gair, 247. 

Gait, 86. 

Gaiter, 102. 

Gaites, 87. 

Gaither, 102. 

Gakin, 247. 

Galberry, 141. 

Gale, 69, 147. 

Gall, 66, 122, 267. 

Gallant, 65. 

Galley, 197, 197, 198. 

Galliano, 241. 

Galliard, 164, 164. 

Gallon, 159, 241. 

Gallop, 75. 

Galloupe, 75. 

Gallow, 169. 

Galloway, 107. 

Gallows, 169. 

Gallus, 115. 

Galvani, 258. 
Gambell, 214. 
Gamble, 214, 215, 216. 
Gambler, 215. 
Gambling, 214, 216. 
Game, 214. 
Gamer, 214. 
Gamester, 215. 
Game well, 215. 
Gammon, 7, 60. 
Gandar, 46. 
Gander, 45, 46. 
Gane, 192. 
Gannett, 32, 113. 
Gans, 46. 
Gape, 157. 
Gard, 219. 
Garden, 43, 128, 134. 



308 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Gardenhire, 129. 


Gaut, 247. 


Gardner, 203. 


Gavett, 164. 


Garland, 142. 


Gavott, 164. 


Garlic, 36. 


Gaw, 8. 


Garlick, 36, 227. 


Gawdy, 165, 201. 


Garment, 101, 


Gay, 8, 65. 


Garner, 192. 


Gayer, 67, 68. 


Garnet, 100. 


Gayetty, 70. 


Garnett, 100. 


Gayle, 147. 


Garnsey, 95. 


Gay lord, 65. 


Garratt, 171. 


Gayman, 65, 


Garretson, 173. 


Gaze, 87. 


Garrett, 171, 174. 


Gear, 102, 105. • 


Garretty, 172. 


Gearing, 105. 


Garrison, 98, 219. 


Geber, 256. 


Garrits, 171. 


Gee, 8, 127. 


Garrott, 265. 


Geer, 102. 


Garsid, 247. 


Geir, 102. 


Garside, 247. 


Geist, 48. 


Gash, 39. 


Genereux, 196. 


Gashry, 33. 


Gent, 83. 


Gaspey, 80. 


Gentil, 85. 


Gass, 150. 


Gentle, 66, 67. 


Gataker, 33. 


Gentleman, 83. 


Gatcomb, 252. 


Gentler, 13. 


Gatehouse, 170. 


Gentles, 99. 


Gately, 86. 


Gentrey, 199. 


Gates, 171. 


Gentry, 99, 99. 


Gathercole, 151. 


George, 13, 235. 


Gathut, 247. 


Georgius, 247. 


Gatliffe, 252. 


Gere, 104. 


Gatup, 247. 


Germain, 66. 


Gau, 10. 


German, 95, 164 


Gaudel, 253. 


Gero, 247. 


Gaudy, 165. 


Gess, 40. 


Gaul, 95. 


Gest, 245. 


Gaultrapp, 51. 


Gethoths, 252. 


Gaunt, 81. 


Getlive, 252. 


Gauntlett, 218, 219. 


Geton, 76. 


Gauntt, 83. 


Getter, 193. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



309 



Getting, 193. 
Gettings, 27, 192, 194. 
Getty, 193, 253. 
Getum, 186. 
Gex, 10. 
Geyer, 113. 
Ghio, 247. 
Giblin, 247. 
Giddy, 70, 229. 
Gideon, 236. 
Giese, 113. 
Gift, 196. 
Gigar, 247. 
Giger, 247. 
Giggil, 87. 
Gilbert, 235. 
Gilchrist, 47. 
Gildersleeve, 102, 247. 
Gilding, 172. 
Gile, 247. 
Giles, 235. 
Gilfeather, 121. 
Gill, 21, 31, 159. 
Gillies, 120. 
Gills, 122. 
Gilly, 120. 
Gillyflower, 143. 
Gilman, 121. 
Gilpin, 28. 
Gilt, 172. 
Gin, 230. 
Ginger, 209, 210. 
Gingle, 162. 
Gingrass, 59, 229. 
Ginn, 22, 228. 
Ginty, 247. 
Gipsey, 95. 
Gird, 104, 105. 
Girdler, 160. 
Girdlestone, 160. 



Girth, 212. 
Gist, 183. 
Given, 182, 182. 
Givens, 196. 
Giving, 196. 
Givings, 27. 
Glad, 67. 
Gladden, 65. 
Gladding, 65, 67. 
Glade, 129. 
Gladman, 67. 
Gladson, 267. 
Gladstone, 129. 
Gladum, 192. 
Gladwin, 192. 
Gladwing, 115. 
Glance, 86. 
Glancey, 86. 
Glander, 226. 
Glas, 171. 
Glascow, 97. 
Glasko, 97. 
Glass, 171, 173, 231. 
Glassbrook, 25, 133. 
Glasscock, 114. 
Glasse, 174. 
Glassford, 134. 
Glasspole, 141. 
Glazier, 203. 
Glen, 127. 
Glenn, 127. 
Glens, 127. 
Glew, 207. 
Glin, 247. 
Gloan, 247. 
Gloss, 183. 
Glover, 203. 
Gloyd, 251. 
Glubb, 33. 
Gluck, 215. 



310 



index of surnames. 



Glueter, 247. 
Glum, 68. 
Glyde, 132. 
Goad, 212. 
Goard, 107. 
Goare, 218. 
Goat, 45. 
Gobbett, 247. 
Gobble, 22. 
Gobels, 22. 
Goble,*22. 
Gocum, 29. 
Godbold, 47. 
Goddard, 47. 
Goddy, 45. 
Godfrey, 235. 
Godlip, 53. 
Godown, 76. 
Godsclial, 33. 
Godshall, 48. 
Godso, 234. 
Godsoe, 234. 
Godson, 91. 
Godt, 48. 
Godwin, 47. 
Goell, 247. 
Goes, 79. 
Goeth, 26. 
Gofirst, 79. 
Goget, 247. 
Goggin, 247. 
Going, 26. 
Goings, 26. 
Gold, 190. 
Golden, 190. 
Goldman, 190. 
Goldsmith, 203. 
Goldstone, 37. 
Goldtree, 136. 
Golightly, 79, 266. 



Good, 57, 215, 242. 
Goodacre, 132. 
Goodale, 22. 
Goodbody, 59. 
Goodby, 234. 
Goodchap, 242. 
Goodchild, 59, 242. 
Goode, 57. 
Goodenough, 57. 
Goodeve, 234. 
Goodfellow, 57, 59. 
Goodfrederick, 236. 
Goodheart, 58, 59. 
Goodhue, 83. 
Goodhusband, 92. 
Goodluck, 216. 
Goodman, 57, 59, 242. 
Goodnow, 57. 
Goodpasture, 129. 
Goodram, 111. 
Goodrich, 59. 
Goodsell, 197, 197. 
Goodson, 90, 92. 
Goodspeed, 75. 
Goodtitle, 187. 
Goodwill, 71. 
Goodwillie, 236. 
Goodwin, 214. 
Goodwine, 22. 
Goody, 56. 
Goodyear, 154, 227. 
Goos, 44, 46. 
Goose, 113. 
Goosey, 44, 46. 
Gopper, 247. 
Gore, 21, 218. 
Gorges, 130. 
Gorhey, 234. 
Gori, 234. 
Gormandy, 22. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



311 



Gorrie, 234. 

Gorry, 234. 

Gory, 219. 

Gosling, 46, 113, 116. 

Gossee, 247. 

Gossip, 72, 72. 

Gostling, 46. • 

Got, 8. 

Gotham, 37. 

Gotobed, 157. 

Gott, 47. 

Gouge, 222, 224. 

Gould, 190. 

Goulden, 190. 

Gourd, 145. 

Goutier, 225. 

Gove, 247. 

Gow, 8. 

Gracchus, 116. 

Grace, 83. 

Grain, 144, 145, 145, 145. 

Graine, 144. 

Grammer, 183, 185. 

Grandey, 199, 201. 

Grandfield, 128. 

Grandy, 198, 247. 

Grane, 145. 

Grant, 196. 

Grape, 142. 

Grapel, 197. 

Grapes, 145. 

Gras, 79. 

Grass, 139, 145, 145. 

Grassie, 145. 

Grater, 179. 

Grave, 66. 

Gravel, 38, 132, 134. 

Gravelly, 130. 

Graver, 68, 205. 

Graves, 4. 



Gravy, 22. 
Grawl, 251. 
Gray, 17, 165.. 
Graybill, 118. 
Gray head, 94. 
Gready, 22, 22, 23. 
Greaney, 165. 
Great, 88. 
Greathed, 84. 
Greaves, 186. 
Grecey, 85. 
Grede, 23. 
Greece, 96. 
Greek, 95. 
Green, 62, 165. 
Greenacre, 131. 
Greene, 165. 
Greener, 61, 166. 
Greenfield, 128, 132, 167. 
Greengoose, 46, 46. 
Green half, 158. 
Greenhill, 127, 130, 167. 
Greenhouse, 167. 
Greenhow, 166. 
Greenland, 95. 
Greenlaw, 189. 
Greenleaf, 138, 166. 
Greenlees, 167. 
Greenless, 166. 
Greenly, 166. 
Greenman, 60. 
Greenoak, 167. 
Greenough, 166. 
Greensill, 166. 
Greenslade, 166. 
Greenslit, 143, 166. 
Greensvvord, 167. 
Green tree, 138. 
Greenwell, 166. 
Green wise, 166. 



312 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Greenwood, 138, 152, 166. 

Greeny, 61. 

Greer, 247. 

Gregory, 235. 

Grepenhagen, 11. 

Gretian, 95. 

Grew, 79, 113. 

Gribben, 247. 

Grice, 247. 

Grier, 247. 

Griesly, 84. 

Grieve, 67, 69. 

Grieves, 66, 68. 

Griffin, 110. 

Grigg, 65. 

Griggs, 247. 

Grim, 66, 67. 

Grime, 85, 85. 

Grimes, 29. 

Grimm, 66. 

Grimman, 67. 

Grimmer, 67. 

Grimston, 19. 

Grindall, 26. 

Grindle, 247. 

Grindstone, 194. 

Griner, 67, 68. 

Grinfield, 66, 129. 

Grips, 225. 

Grissom, 247. 

Grist, 145, 145, 192. 

Griswold, 239. 

Groat, 191, 191. 

Groate, 191. 

Groce, 159. 

Groom, 90, 200. 

Grosbeck, 116. 

Grose, 159. 

Gross, 79, 159. 

Grossman, 80. 



Grote, 190, 191. 
Groundsell, 244. 
Grouse, 113, 117. 
Grout, 66, 67, 247. 
Grove, 128. 
Grover, 203. 
Groves, 128. 
Grow, 79. 
Growing, 79. 
Growlers, 68. 
Grows, 79. 
Grub, 124. 
Grubb, 124. 
Grube, 124. 
Grumble, 68. 
Grumman, 68. 
Grummun, 247. 
Grundy, 29. 
Gruntal, 68. 
Grupee, 247. 
Grush, 34, 247. 
Guard, 219. 
Guardian, 92. 
Gubbins, 33. 
Guell, 247. 
Guernsey, 95. 
Guess, 40. 
Guest, 93. 
Guewey, 247. 
Guggenheimer, 11. 
Guide, 62. 
Guider, 62. 
Guil, 60. 
Guild, 205. 
Guile, 60. 
Guille, 253. 
Guillotin, 257. 
Guily, 60. 
Gull, 60, 115, 117. 
Gulliford, 133. 






INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



313 



Gulliver, 28. 
Gullman, 117. 
Gully, 134. 
Gum, 50. 
Gumb, 51. 
Gumbell, 226. 
Gumble, 254. 
Gumboil, 225. 
Gumbs, 51. 
Gumley, 52. 
Gumma, 53. 
Gummer, 60, 253. 
Gump, 64. 
Gumstay, 247. 
Gun, 220. 
Gunn, 218. 
Gunne, 220. 
Gunner, 217. 
Gunning, 216, 217. 
Gunter, 159. 
Guppage, 247. 
Guppy, 247. 
Guptill, 247. 
Gush, 149. 
Gushee, 34. 
Guss, 235, 253. 
Gust, 148. 
Gustus, 235. 
Gut, 242. 
Gutch, 247, 253. 
Gutkind, 242. 
Gutman, 122, 242. 
Guttering, 178. 
Gutterman, 178. 
Gutterson, 178. 
Guttery, 253. 
Gutting, 122. 
Guy, 8, 9, 28, 197. 
Gyde, 33. 
Gye, 9. 



Gyles, 236. 

Haark, 234. 

Haase, 147. 

Habberfield, 253. 

Hachedoorian, 11. 

Hack, 107, 213. 

Hacke, 213. 

Hacker, 27. 

Hackett, 218, 247. 

Hacking, 222. 

Hackman, 213. 

Hackney, 213. 

Hackwell, 222. 

Hacock, 140. 

Hadaway, 247. 
Haddock, 119. 

Hadley, 97. 
Hadrot, 227. 
Hagar, 54. 
Haggard, 88. 
Haggart, 267. 
Haggett, 247. 
Hague, 95, 98. 
Hahn, 114. 
Hahnemann, 116. 
Haight, 71. 
Haik, 120. 
Hail, 148, 148, 171. 
Haile, 148. 
Haill, 148. 
Hailstone, 148. 
Hailstrip, 149. 
Hair, 50, 51. 
Haire, 51. 
Haisy, 21. 
Hait, 71. 
Hake, 119. 
Hakey, 247. 
Halbe, 158. 



40 



314 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Halbert, 219, 219. 
Hale, 79. 
Halfhead, 88. 
Halfman, 159. 
Halfpenny, 190. 
Hall, 266. 
Hallbower, 131. 
Hallgreen, 161. 
Hallowday, 155. 
Halpine, 36. 
Ham, 7. 
Haman, 35. 
Hamblet, 168. 
Hamburg, 97. 

Hamlet, 169. 

Hamlin, 239. 

Hamling, 239. 

Hamm, 7. 

Hammer, 27, 179, 180. 

Hamock, 176. 

Hamor, 180. 

Hampden, 240. 

Hamper, 209. 

Hams, 7. 

Han, 263. 

Hancock, 114, 237. 

Hand, 50. 

Handcock, 114. 

Handgrave, 188. 

Handless, 88. 

Handright, 53. 

Hands, 53. 

Handy, 83, 83. 

Handyside, 50, 83. 

Hang, 33. 

Hangitt, 232. 

Hangland, 33. . 

Hangs, 33. 

Hanks, 247. 

Hannah, 54. 



Hannahs, 54. 
Hanover, 36. 
Hant, 247. 
Hapenny, 190. 
Hapgood, 214. 
Happy, 62. 
Haram, 38. 
Harblue, 166. 
Harbottle, 247. 
Harbour, 134. 
Hard, 69. 
Hardcastle, 169. 
Hardeman, 265. 
Harden, 69, 81. 
Harder, 69, 195. 
Harderman, 195. 
Hardgraft, 61. 
Hardier, 79. 
Harding, 17. 
Hardman, 69. 
Hardon, 75. 
Hardwick, 239. 
Hardy, 79. 
Hardy ear, 154. 
Hare, 107. 
Hark, 234. 
Harke, 234. 
Harken, 72. 
Harker, 72. 
Harkin, 72. 
Harlem, 38. 
Harlot, 39. 
Harm, 222. 
Harmar, 224. 
Harmer, 223. 
Harmony, 163. 
Harms, 222, 223, 224. 
Harnes, 247. 
Harp, 163, 163. 
Harper, 162. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



315 



Harrah, 233. 

Harras, 222. 

Harridan, 39. 

Harriot, 55. 

Harrow, 179, 265. 

Harrower, 204. 

Harrub, 247. 

Hart, 107. 

Hartford, 97. 

Hartnett, 90, 247. 

Hartshorn, 227. 

Hartsinck, 71. 

Hartt, 107. 

Hartwell, 58, 65. 

Harty, 79. 

Harvest, 154. 
Harwood, 239. 
Hary, 83. 
Hase, 147. 
Hasenfus, 86. 
Hasham, 222. 
Hashell, 247. 
Haslett, 122. 
Hasluck, 216. 
Hasselquist, 35. 
Haste, 71, 75. 
Hasten, 75. 
Hasty, 71, 75. 
Hat, 106. 
Hatch, 115. 
Hatcher, 116. 
Hatches, 196. 
Hatchet, 179, 180. 
Hatchett, 180. 
Hatchman, 115. 
Hatt, 103, 104, 105. 
Hatten, 101. 
Hatter, 39, 204. 
Hattie, 55. 
Hatton, 101. 



Hau, 263. 
Hauk, 113. 
Haulback, 75. 
Haule, 78. 
Haupt, 51. 
Hauthwat, 247. 
Hautville, 168. 
Haven, 133. 
Haverhill, 97. 
Haviland, 192, 247. 
Haw, 10, 139. 
Hawke, 116. 
Hawker, 87. 
Hawkin, 87. 
Hawkins, 87. 
Hawks, 113. 
Haworth, 243. 
Haws, 139. 
Hawthorn, 137. 
Hawthorne, 136. 
Hay, 8, 138. 
Haycock, 138. 
Hay den, 127. 
Hayes, 147. 
Hayford, 133. 
Hayk, 121. 
Hayman, 35. 
Hays, 147. 
Hayt, 71. 
Hayter, 71. 
Hay ward, 110. 
Hazall, 247. 
Hazard, 214. 
Hazel, 138. 
Hazelhurst, 137. 
Hazell, 136. 
Hazleton, 136. 
Hazlett, 122. 
Heacock, 114. 
Head, 50. 



316 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Headache, 225. 
Headeach, 227. 
Headman, 199, 199. 
Heagle, 117. 
Heal, 227. 
Heald, 227. 
Healey, 227. 
Healing, 227. 
Health, 228. 
Heaman, 56. 
Heap, 191, 192, 193. 
Heape, 193. 
Heaps, 191. 
Heard, 107. 
Hearsay, 72. 
Heart, 52. 
Hearty, 65, 80. 
Heater, 150. 
Heath, 128. 

Heather, 129, 139, 141. 
Heathfield, 132. 
Heaton, 150. 
Heats, 151. 
Heaty, 150. 
Heaven, 49. 
Heaviside, 78. 
Heavy, 78. 
Heavy eye, 81. 
Hebard, 183. 
Hecock, 114. 
Hector, 66. 
Heddeball, 253. 
Hedge, 136. 
Hedgecock, 114. 
Hedgeland, 128. 
Heed, 71. 
Heele, 52. 
Heely, 50. 
Hegel, 147. 
Heifer, 111. 



Height, 80, 81. 
Heiligenberg, 168. 
Heitz, 127. 
Held, 219. 
Heldenbrand, 219. 
Hell, 49. 
Hellen, 55. 
Hellhouse, 49. 
Hellman, 49. 
Hellwig, 101. 
Helm, 196. 
Helme, 197. 
Helper, 200. 
Helps, 200, 201. 
Helpusgod, 232. 
Heman, 56. 
Hemans, 56. 
Hemmer, 264. 
Hemp, 145. 
Hemphill, 129, 131. 
Hen, 117. 
Henchman, 200. 
Henck, 200. 
Hender, 71. 
Hendershot, 219, 220. 
Henfield, 115. 
Hengst, 200. 
Henk, 247. 
Henn, 115, 117. 
Henns, 115. 
Henny, 115. 
Henrietta, 55. 
Henry, 235. 
Henshaw, 113. 
Henville, 115. 
Henwood, 132. 
Herald, 199, 218. 
Herbage, 145. 
Herbest, 154. 
Herbst, 154. 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



317 



Herd, 110. 
Herder, 112. 
Heritage, 193, 194. 
Herkin, 247. 
Herman, 90. 
Hermitage, 170. 
Hern, 113. 
Hero, 221, 221. 
Heron, 116. 
Herr, 198. 
Herring, 119. 
Harriott, 28. 
Herrode, 35. 
Herron, 113, 118. 
Herthman, 200. 
Herwig, 105. 
Hester, 54, 56. 
Hesz, 247. 
Het, 8, 150. 
Heten, 150. 
Hett, 150. 
Heugh, 234. 
Hevendeer, 48. 
Hewer, 205. 
Hewers, 205. 
Hewgoe, 33. 
Hews, 218. 
Heyer, 247. 
Heyliger, 58. 
Hibbs, 33. 
Hibra, 247. 
Hickford, 133. 
Hickinbotham, 10. 
Hickock, 56. 
Hidden, 70. 
Hide, 70, 122. 
Hider, 72. 
Hides, 122. 
Hiewe, 247. 
Higginbottom, 10. 



Higgs, 254. 
High, 79, 80. 
Highfield, 122. 
Highgate, 173. 
Highhat, 106. 
Highhet, 103. 
Highland, 127, 132. 
Highman, 81. 
Highmore, 80. 
Hight, 127, 131, 267. 
Hightman, 79. 
Hightsman, 131. 
Hihill, 131. 
Hiland, 127. 
Hilborn, 127. 
Hilbourn, 127. 
Hill, 127. 
Hillard, 15, 127. 
Hillhonse, 169. 
Hilliard, 127. 
Hillman, 132. 
Hillocks, 132. 
Hills, 127. 
Hilly, 127. 
Hillyard, 127. 
Hilt, 218. 
Himmel, 49. 
Hind, 112. v 
Hinde, 111. 
Hinder, 71. 
Hindmarsh, 33, 130. 
Hinds, 107. 
Hinsdale, 97. 
Hip, 52. 
Hipson, 53. 
Hird, 109. 
Hirst, 128. 
Hirtius, 88. 
Hirzel, 247. 
Hiscock, 114, 237. 



318 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Hist, 234 
Hitch, 75. 
Hitchcock, 114. 
Hitchcus, 75. 
Kitchens, 75. 
Hitchings, 75. 
Hitt, 218. 
Hix, 8, 263, 
Ho, 232. 
Hoaker, 127. 
Hoar, 35. 
Hoard, 192. 
Hobbler, 77. 
Hobby, 107. 
Hobun, 253. 
Hoch, 79. 
Hock, 230. 
Hockey, 22. 
Hodde, 179. 
Hodder, 17. 
Hoe, 9. 
Hoegg, 7. 
Hof, 263. 
Hog, 7. 
Hogben, 7. 
Hogg, 7, 108. 
Hoggeridge, 6. 
Hoggs, 7. 
Hogmire, 7. 
Hogsflesh, 7. 
Hogsmouth, 7. 
Hogwood, 7. 
Hohn, 193. 
Holady, 234. 
Holbrow, 33. 
Holder, 176. 
Holding, 192. 
Hole, 31, 31. 
Holehouse, 170. 
Holford, 133. 



Holl, 49. 
Holland, 95. 
Hollander, 95. 
Hollar, 162. 
Holler, 162. 
Holley, 136. 
Holliday, 155. 
Hollie, 136. 
Hollingworth, 6. 
Holly, 136. 
Holm, 131. 
Holman, 60. 
Holmes, 15. 
Holy day, 155. 
Holyoke, 136. 
Homer, 37. 
Homes, 168. 
Hon, 263. 

Hone, 179, 193, 207. 
Honey, 66, 67. 
Honeybun, 66. 
Honeycomb, 67, 209. 
Honeyfoot, 80. 
Honeyman, 67. 
Honeywell, 67. 
Honey wood, 66. 
Honnora, 54. 
Hood, 102. 
Hoodless, 103. 
Hooe, 179. 
Hoofman, 122. 
Hoogs, 247. 
Hook, 31, 119. 
Hooks, 31. 
Hooper, 203, 208. 
Hoops, 208. 
Hope, 6. 
Hopewell, 264. 
Hopkirk, 38. 
Hopman, 204. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



319 



Hopp, 77, 164. 

Hopper, 76, 190. 

Hoppin, 19, 75. 

Hopping, 75. 

Hopps, 77, 164. 

Hor, 263. 

Hore, 35. 

Horgan, 162. 

Horn, 122, 162. 

Hornblower, 162. 

Home, 162. 

Horner, 162. 

Hornet, 124. 

Hornett, 124. 

Hornibrook, 135. 

Hornsman, 162. 

Horseman, 212, 213. 

Horse well, 133. 

Horsey, 109. 

Horsfall, 212. 

Horsford, 133. 

Horsman, 212, 212. 

Horton, 19. 

Hose, 103. 

Hosea, 235. 

Hosen, 103. 

Hoseum, 102. 

Hosier, 203, 203, 204, 204. 

Hoste, 99. 

Hosum, 102. 

Hotty, 150. 

Hou, 263. 

Houle, 162. 

Houlet, 118. 

Hour, 156. 

Hours, 156. 

House, 168. 

Householder, 205. 

Housekeeper, 205. 

Houseless, 21. 



Houseman, 200. 
Housen, 168. 
Hovel, 169. 
How, 232. 
Howie, 163. 
Howlett, 113. 
Howly, 162. 
Hox, 8. 

Hoy, 8, 197, 263. 
Hoyt, 17. 
Hubbell, 127, 178. 
Hubbs, 204. 
Huber, 247. 
Huckaby, 34. 
Huckstable, 253. 
Huddel, 70. 
Huddleston, 127. 
Hudson, 96. 
Hues, 165. 
Huff, 71. 
Huffy, 71. 
Hug, 91. 
Hugg, 90. 
Huggeford, 133. 
Huggins, 90. 
Hugh, 235, 236. 
Hughes, 237. 
Hui, 9. 
Huil, 247. 
Hull, 140. 
Hum, 232. 
Humber, 96, 96. 
Humble, 64, 74. 
Humbly, 70. 
Humphrey, 235. 
Hunchback, 88. . 
Hunger, 21. 
Hungerford, 21, 97. 
Hunn, 95. 
Hunniman, GQ. 



320 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Hunt, 212. 
Hunter, 212. 
Hunting, 212. 
Huntress, 212. 
Hunts, 212. 
Hurd, 107. 
Hurdle, 213. 
Hurll, 222. 
Hum, 247. 
Hurry, 77. 
Hurst, 13. 
Hurt, 223. 
Hurter, 224. 
Husband, 90, 93. 
Husbands, 93, 
Huse, 237. 
Husk, 140. 
Hussey, 39. 
Hut, 169. 
Hutch, 247. 
Hutt, 169, 170. 
Hutty, 170. 
Hyde, 33. 
Hyder, 73. 
Hyer, 80. 
Hyland, 127. 
Hyman, 80. 
Hyndman, 75. 

Iagoe, 29. 
Iasigi, 247. 
Iceland, 96. 
Ide, 8. 
Ideler, 62. 
Idell, 73. 
Idle, 73, 73. 
Idler, 73, 73. 
Idyl, 184. 
Ifill, 22. 
Igo, 10. 



Ihl, 10. 
Hive, 4. 
Ilk, 10. 
Illius, 96. 
Illman, 226. 
Imperial, 201. 
Inch, 159. 
Inchbald, 84. 
Inches, 159. 
Indig, 67. 
Ing, 10. 
Ingersall, 238. 
Ingersoll, 238. 
In go, 64. 
Ingrain, 251. 
Ingulphus, 149. 
Inkeep, 230. 
Inker, 25. 
Inkhammer, 180. 
Inkhorn, 267. 
Inkpen, 25. 
Inman, 228. 
Inright, 229. 
Insell, 229. 
Inwards, 52. 
Ion, 9. 
Ireland, 95. 
Iremonger, 204. 
Ireton, 67. 
Irish, 95. 
Iron, 175. 
Irons, 175. 
Ironside, 81. 
Ironsydes, 79. 
Isaac, 235. 
Isaacks, 239. 
Isbell, 54. 
Isle, 134. 
Isles, 135. 
Islet, 135. 



INDEX OF. SURNAMES. 



321 



[slip, 62, 76. 

Ittem, 187. 
Iue, 8. 
Ivers, 247. 
Ivey, 136, 138. 
Ivor j, 175, 208. 
Ivy, 136. 
Izard, 8. 

Jack, 237, 237. 
Jackett, 101. 
Jackson, 237. 
Jacobs, 237. 
Jagger, 33. 
James, 235, 236. 
Jane, 54, 55. 
Janes, 247. 
Janvarn, 247. 
Janvier, 155. 
Jarman, 180. 
Jasmyn, 143. 
Jasper, 100. 
Jay, 117. 
Jay cock, 117. 
Jay cox, 117. 
Jayne, 55. 
Jeanyeaw, 251. 
Jee, 9. 
Jeffs, 253. 
Jelly, 209. 
Jellyraan, 208. 
Jenner, 203. 
Jenney, 54. 
Jent, 83. 
Jerker, 77. 
Jerry, 236. 
Jerusalem, 98. 
Jervar, 248. 
Jessamine, 142. 
Jessar, 247. 



Jesse, 236. 

Jest, 245. 

Jester, 67. 

Jesus, 47. 

Jetter, 148. 

Jewell, 100. 

Jex, 10, 10. 

Jigger, 164. 

Jiggins, 164. 

Jipp, 50. 

Job, 42. 

Jobs, 42. 

Johnson, 237. 

Joiner, 204. 

Joins, 43. 

Joint, 122. 

Jolley, 65, 69. 

Jollie, 69. 

Jolly, 69. 

Jonas, 236. . 

Jones, 237. 

Jopp, 253. 

Jordan, 96. 
Joseph, 235. 
Joshua, 235. 
Josselyn, 12. 

Jove, 49. 
Joy, 8. 
Joyn, 205. 
Joyner, 204, 206. 
Joynt, 123. 
Jubb, 33. 
Judavine, 253. 
Judd, 248. 
Judge, 186. 
Juery, 188. 
Jugg, 209. 
Juggs, 180. 
Jukes, 253. 
Julius, 155. 



41 



322 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



July, 155. 
Jump, 76. 
Jumper, 75. 
Junck, 211. 
June, 155, 155. 
Jung, 94. 
Junger, 94. 
Junio, 248. 
Junior, 93. 
Junius, 155. 
Junk, 211. 
Jupiter, 49. 

Jurey, 189. 

Jurist, 188. 

Jury, 98, 189. 

Just, 58. 

Justerer, 58. 

Justice, 186, 188. 

Justis, 188. 

Justus, 58, 188. 

Jutt, 80. 

Juvenal, 37. 

Juzezsty, 248. 

Jyons, 175. 

Kab, 10. 
Kah, 8. 
Kaharl, 248. 
Kahn, 199. 
Kahrcher, 248. 
Kakas, 248. 
Kammer, 171. 
Kammerer, 194. 
Kammerling, 204. 
Kandy, 209. 
Kane, 35. 
Kaplin, 248. 
Karker, 62. 
Karr, 253. 
Kas, 10. 



East, 253. 
Katland, 253. 
Katzenellenbogen, 110. 
Kauffman, 226. 
Kauler, 162. 
Kay, 8. 
Kee, 10. 
Keel, 197, 197. 
Keeler, 248. 
Keels, 197. 
Keen, 189. 
Keener, 6. 

Keine, 107. 

Keitt, 216. 

Kell, 248. 

Kells, 248. 

Kemp, 239. 

Ken, 10. 

Kenister, 209. 

Kent, 97. 

Kenyon, 28. 

Keough, 107. 

Ker, 8. 

Kerly, 83. 

Kerse, 233. 

Ketchum, 186. 

Kettell, 32. 

Kettle, 179. 

Kettleman, 204. 

Key, 15, 31. 

Keyes, 31. 

Keyou, 44, 248. 

Keyt, 217. 

Kibbie, 248. 

Kick, 74, 223. 

Kid, 111, 111. 

Kidd, 111, 111. 

Kidney, 50, 122, 123, 267. 
Kiely, 248. 
Kilboy, 219. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



323 



Kilbride, 218. 

Kilcup, 22, 248. 

Kilgore, 218. 

Kill, 220. 

Killer, 218. 

Killhour, 156. 

Killhouse, 170. 

Killin, 218. 

Killinback, 88. 

Killman, 218. 

Killy, 218. 

Kilmaster, 38, 218. 

Kilt, 103. 
•Kilty, 101, 248. 

Kind, 66. 

Kindered, 92. 

Kine, 111. 

King, 19, 198. 

Kingdom, 201. 
Kingman, 198. 
Kingmill, 169. 
Kingrose, 143. 
Kingsland, 38. 
Kink, 74. 
Kin man, 90. 
Kinmonth, 155. 
Kinne, 90. 
Kinsman, 90. 
Kinsmin, 92. 
Kip,. 9, 10. 
Kipp, 248. 
Kirk, 43, 168. 
Kirkbride, 24, 92. 
Kirkland, 43. 
Kirley, 83. 
Kiss, 91, 92. 
Kissam, 91. 
Kitchen, 171. 
Kite, 217, 217. 
Kittle, 32. 



Kitto, 253. 

Kitts, 108, 110. 

Kitty, 109. 

Kling, 91. 

Klink, 163. 

Klinkheart, 195. 

Klous, 248. 

Klump, 77, 86. 

Knaggs, 107. 

Knapp, 15. 

Knapping, 157. 

Knee, 51. 

Kneebone, 52. 

Kneedler, 104. 

Kneeland, 50. 

Knell, 28. 

Kneller, 28. 

Knies, 50. 

Knight, 155, 218. 

Knipping, 147. 

Knitt, 103. 

Knobbs, 174. 
Knoblock, 174. 
Knock, 222. 
Knodle, 50, 253. 
Knoll, 131. 
Knotmy, 57. 
Knott, 27. 
Knottman, 17. 
Knower, 60, 62. 
Knowles, 127. 
Knox, 20, 222. 
Knubley, 174. 
Kob, 140. 
Kohr, 122. 
Kollar, 104. 
Kolp, 248. 
Koon, 108. 
Koop, 180. 
Kop, 8. 



324 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Kork, 229. 
Kos, 10. 
Kough, 248. 
K.P.R.S., 75. 
Kraft, 60, 242. 
Krebs, 121. 
Kroes, 113. 
Krout, 145. 
Kruse, 227. 
Kuhn, 60. 
Kill, 10. 
Kuntz, 248. 
Kurr, 107. 
Kutusoff, 13. 
Kux, 267. 
Kwinkelenberg, 1 1 
Kyle, 248. 
Kyte, 216, 217. 

Labell, 183. 
Laber, 205. 
Labor, 205. 
Lace, 105. 
Lack, 21. 
Lackey, 200. 
Lackie, 200. 
Lackland, 192. 
Lackman, 21. 
Lacky, 200. 
Lacock, 114. 
La Croix, 170. 
Lacus, 129. 
Lacy, 102, 103. 
Ladd, 18, 50. • 
Laddy, 50. 
Laden, 205. 
Lading, 198. 
Ladle, 180. 
Ladly, 50. 
Lads, 50. 



Ladson, 94. 
Lady, 55. 
Laggon, 75. 
La Grange, 130. 
La Guerre, 220. 
La Harpe, 163. 
Lahm, 83. 
Laird, 199. 
Lake, 133. 
Lakeman, 133. 
Lamb, 107. 
Lambe, 69.. 
Lambkins, 109. 
Lambrook, 135. 
Lambshead, 109. 
Lambson, 107. 
Lamey, 85. 
Lamia, 121. 
Laming, 75. 
Lamkin, 107. 
Lamkins, 111. 
Lamm, 111. 
Lamp, 177. 
Lampe, 176. 
Lampee, 176. 
Lamprey, 119. 
Lampry, 120. 
Lamson, 107. 
Lamy, 83. 
Lancaster, 97. 
Lance, 218, 221. 
Lancey, 218. 
Land, 192. 
Landeau, 213. 
Landend, 131. 
Landesman, 204. 
Landfear, 32. 
Landgrave, 199. 
Landsdown, 129. 
Landsee, 29. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



325 



Lane, 178. 
Lang, 79. 
Langberry, 140. 
Langbotham, 129. 
Langer, 81. 
Langford, 133. 
Langhorne, 87, 122. 
Langmaid, 79. 
Langstaff, 141. 
Langthorn, 138. 
Langtry, 64. 
Lang worthy, 57. 
Lankeman, 80. 
Lao, 10. 
La Place, 182. 
Laplass, 86. 
Lapp, 51, 53. 
Lappe, 38. 
Larch, 136. 
Lard, 7. 
Larder, 23. 

Large, 26, 79, 79, 267. 
Largy, 80, 80. 
Lark, 117, 118. 
Larke, 118. 
Larkin, 71. 
Lark worthy, 118. 
Larky, 73. 
Larner, 185. 
Larvan, 248. 
Lash, 179, 222. 
Lasher, 222, 222. 
Last, 79, 158. 
Lastley, 79. 
Latch, 171, 173. 
Latchat, 248. 
Latchet, 171. 
Later, 79. 
Lath, 171, 173. 
Lathe, 171, 173,207. 



Lathermore, 27. 

Lathers, 27. 

Lathrop, 248. 

L'Atorney, 187. 

Latter, 79. 

Lattin, 185. 

La Tulippe, 144. . 

Latz, 248. 

Laud, 233. 

Laun, 129, 132. 

Laundry, 171. 

Lavender, 36. 

Law, 44, 186, 187, 187. 

Lawless, 186. 

Lawman, 187. 

Lawn, 103. 

Lawny, 129. 

Lawrell, 137. 

Lawrence, 98, 235. 

Laws, 19, 186. 

Lay, 8, 162, 183. 

Lay cock, 114. 

Laye, 184. 

Layfield, 128. 

Layman, 24. 

Lazarus, 5. 

Lazier, 61, 75. 

Lea, 129. 

Leach, 227. 

Leacock, 114. 

Leadbeater, 203, 204. 

Leadbitter, 228. 

Leader, 75. 

Leadle, 180. 

Leaf, 139. 

Leafy, 139. 

Leah, 54. 

Leake, 149. 

Leaker, 72. 

Leal, 58. 



326 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Learning, 253. 
Lean, 80, 83. 
Leans, 85. 
Leap, 76. 
Leaper, 76. 
Lear, 86. 
Learing, 86. - 
Learmouth, 87. 
Learn, 185. 
Learned, 183. 
Learock, 131. 
Lears, 86. 
Leathe, 96. 
Leather, 208. 
Leatherbee, 124. 
Leatherhead, 81, 88. 
Leatherman, 206. 
Leathern, 81. 
Leathers, 102. 
Leathersellers, 203. 
Leave, 71. 
Leavens, 248. 
Leaver, 71. 
Lebel, 36. 
Le Chat, 110. 
Lechmere, 239. 
Lecktus, 248. 
Leddy, 54. 
Ledger, 185. 
Ledman, 62. 
Ledyard, 160. 
Lee, 8, 128. 
Leear, 86. 
Leech, 125, 227. 
Leeds, 97. 
Leek, 143, 143. 
Leeksin, 149. 
Lees, 38, 122, 231. 
Leet, 186, 186, 248. 
Leete, 186. 



Lefever, 226. 
Lefloor, 172. 
Leg, 51. 
Legal, 187, 187 
Legate, 199. . 
Legg, 50. 
Leggate, 199. 
Leggett, 75. 
Legging, 103. 
Legless, 88. 
Legroo, 248. 
Leib, 52. 
Leicester, 97. 
Leman, 39, 96. 
Lemire, 248. 
Lemmon, 141. 
Lemon, 27, 28. 
Len, 10. 
Lendall, 196. 

Lender, 193. 

Le Noir, 165. 

Lenover, 86. 

Lenox, 97. 

Lens, 182, 183. 

Lent, 155. 

Lentell, 145. 

Leo, 107. 

Leoman, 107. 

Leonard, 235. 

Leopold, 235. 

Lepard, 111. 

Lepeau, 253. 

Lepel, 36. 

Lepper, 226. 

Lerch, 198. 

Lercock, 114. 

Le Row, 214. 

Le Sage, 62. 
, Leslie, 198. 

Lessen, 82. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



327 



Lesser, 81, 82, 82. 

Lessmore, 29. 

Lest, 82. 

L'Estrange, 62. 

Letcher, 40. 

Lethead, 96. 

Letter, 185. 

Letterman, 184, 185. 

Lettish, 145. 

Letts, 234, 248. 

Letus, 234. 

Lenise, 54. 

Level, 127. 

Lever, 182, 183. 

Leverett, 107. 

Levi, 235. 

Levy, 186. 

Lew, 9, 214. 

Leward, 197. 

Lewis, 235. 

Lex, 188. 

Ley, 10. 

Leys, 60, 186. 

L'Homedieu, 58. 

Libby, 18, 54. 

Liberty, 50. 

Licet, 232. 

Liddy, 54. 

Lien, 186. 

Life, 4. 

Liftchild, 169. 

Light, 81. 

Lightbody, 81, 85, 85. 

Lightburn, 135. 

Lightcap, 104. 

Lightfeet, 76. 

Lightfoot, 75, 75, 76, 76, 85. 

Lighthall, 170, 173. 

Lighthead, 61. 

Lightnin, 147. 



Lightstone, 30. 

Lightup, 150. 

Lightwine, 230. 

Likely, 62. 

Likens, 92. 

Likes, 92. 

Lilley, 142. 

Lillibridge, 178. 

Lillie, 142. 

Lilly, 29. 

Lillyman, 142. 

Lily, 142. 

Lima, 97. 

Lime, 138. 

Limpin, 75. 

Linck, 160. 

Lind, 25, 136. 

Linden, 138. 

Lindenbauer, 136. 

Lindsey, 207. 

Line, 182, 182. 

Lineback, 85. 
Linen, 102, 105, 105. 
Lines, 182, 182, 183, 207. 
Linglater, 253. 
Lingo, 185. 
Ling water, 134. 
Lining, 104. 
Link, 160, 160. 
Linke, 160. 
Linkhornew, 245. 
Linn, 97. 
Linnen, 105. 
Linnet, 113, 117. 
Linzee, 207. 
Lipman, 61. 
Lipp, 52, 53, 53. 
Lippe, 52, 53. 
Lippman, 61, 83. 
Lipps, 53. 



828 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Lips, 53. 
Lipsay, 68. 
Liptrap, 83. 
Lisco, 242. 
Liset, 54. 
Lish, 248. 
Lissa, 55. 
List, 234. 
Lister, 29. 
Littell, 81. 
Little, 26, 81. 
Little and Brown, 82. 
Littledale, 127. 
Littlefield, 128, 192. 
Littlehale, 79. 
Littlehead, 80. 
Littlejohn, 235, 237. 
Littler, 81. 
Littlewood, 128. 
Littleyman, 81. 
Liup, 74. 
Lively, 65, 68. 
Liver, 226. 
Livermore, 50. 
Liversedge, 97. 
Livery, 105. 
Livey, 55. 
Living, 4. 
Livingstone, 129. 
Lloyd, 251. 
Lo, 232. 
Loan, 197. 
Lob, 10. 
Loback, 267. 
Lobb, 248, 253. 
Locke, 31. 
Locker, 173. 
Lockett, 100, 105. 
Lockhead, 61. 
Locock, 1 1 4. 



Lodge, 169. 
Lofe, 208. 
Loftus, 248. 
Lofty, 79, 88. 
Loheed, 71. 
Lombard, 95. 
London, 97. 
Lone, 39. 

Long, 26, 79, 80, 82. 
Longacre, 130, 132. 
Longbottom, 131, 132. 
Longbrow, 80. 
Longcope, 104. 
Longdo, 248. 
Longenecker, 88. 
Longer, 80. 
Longest, 82. 
Longeway, 178. 
Longfellow, 15, 79. 
Longhammer, 180. 
Longhead, 61. 
Longhouse, 170. 
Longley, 128. 
Longman, 80. 
Longmire, 130. 
Longmore, 80, 92. 
Longpin, 85. 
Longshore, 135. 
Longstaff, 141, 141. 
Longstreet, 178, 178. 
Longwell, 227. 
Longworth, 57. 
Loning, 193. 
Look, 86, 234. 
Looker, 72, 87. 
Lookmire, 131. 
Loom, 210. 
Loomer, 79, 80. 
Loop, 102, 104. 
Loopin, 85. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



329 



Loose j, 214. 

Lootz, 248. 

Loppin, 85. 

Loquest, 248. 

Lor, 10, 234. 

Lorain, 95. 

Lord, 198. 

Lordly, 70. 

Lorell, 137. 

Loring, 95. 

Lorrain, 36. 
i Lose j, 214. 

Losie, 215. 

Loskamp, 73. 

Loss, 216. 

Loth, 43. 

Lothrop, 248. 

Lots, 215. 

Lott, 215. 

Lotts, 214. 

Loud, 162. 

Louder, 163. 

L'Ouvrier, 205. 

Love, 5, 6. 

Loveday, 157. 

Lovejoy, 65. 

Lovelace, 101, 101, 103, 106. 

Loveland, 192. 

Loveless, 91. 

Lovell, 137. 

Lovely, 86. 

Lover, 6. 

Lovewell, 90. 

Lovibond, 33. 

Loving, 6, 265. 

Low, 8, 81. 

Lowbridge, 178. 

Lowd, 162. 

Lowder, 162. 

Lowell, 15, 98. 



Lowenthal, 130. 

Lower, 81, 82, 82. 

Lowman, 81, 82. 

Lowrey, 68. 

Lowry, 68, 147. 

Lox, 10. 

Loy, 10. 

Loyall, 38. 

Lubke, 248. 

Lucey, 54. 

Luck, 216, 216. 

Luckcock, 115. 

Lucke, 216. 

Luckey, 215. 

Luckis, 214. 

Luckles, 214. 

Lucre, 193. 

Lucy, 54. 
Luff, 197, 198. 
Lug, 8, 78. 
Luke, 235. 
Lull, 147. 
Lum, 9. 

Lumber, 151, 171. 
Lumbkin, 14. 
Lumex, 60. 
Lumpkin, 63. 
Lumpp, 80. 
Lumpy, 88. 
Lundoner, 98. 
Lunerus, 253. 
Lung, 51. 
Lunnin, 97. 
Lunnon, 97. 
Lurch, 71. 
Lus, 10. 
Lusher, 253. 
Lust, 242. 
Lute, 163. 
Luter, 163. 



-12 



330 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Luther, 235. 
Lutz, 162, 248. 
Luz, 10. 
Lydea, 55. 
Lye, 64, 65, 73, 79. 
Lyer, 64. 
Lyke, 58. 
Lyman, 203. 
Lyme, 136. 
Lymeburner, 204. 
Lymire, 131. 
Lynch, 32, 222, 258. 
Lynn, 97, 133. 
Lyon, 107. 
Lyons, 97. 
Lysight, 248. 
Lytherland, 253. 
Lytle, 81. 

Mabb, 48. 
Mabee, 124. 
Macbeth, 25, 267. 
Mace, 186, 201, 207. 
Maceroni, 209. 
Mackay, 20. 
Macula, 25. 
Maddam, 54. 
Madden, 222. 
Maddox, 107. 
Made, 102. 
Mader, 66. 
Madera, 229. 
Madge, 55. 
Maggi, 54. 

Magner, 248. 
Magnoni, 19. 
Magnus, 79. 
Magog, 27. 
Magot, 124. 



Mailhouse, 168. 
Main, 133. 
Maine, 95. 
Mair, 248. 
Maison, 169. 
Maize, 145. 
Major, 199. 
Makem, 102. 
Makepeace, 42. 
Maker, 102, 205. 

Makings, 103. 

Malay, 95. 

Maldt, 207. 

Male, 54. 

Malenfant, 59. 

Males, 54. 

Malison, 233. 

Mallet, 179, 180, 207. 

Mallows, 142. 

Maltman, 206. 

Man, 8, 49. 

Manage, 59. 

Manchester, 97. 

Mandrake, 117. 

Mange, 225. 

Mangles, 218. 

Mangy, 84. 

Manifold, 99. 

Manix, 248. 

Manks, 248. 

Manley, 60, 221. 

Manlover, 56. 

Mann, 49. 

Manname, 99. 

Manners, 86, 86. 
Mannywitch, 68. 

Mansfield, 128. 
Manship, 57. 
Mansion, 169. 
Mansise, 79, 253. 



INDIA OF SURNAMES. 



331 



Mantell, 173. 
Manuel, 235. 
Many, 98, 98, 98, 99. 
Many penny, 192. 
Maples, 137, 138. 
Maralious, 248. 
Marble, 175. 
March, 155, 218. 
Marchall, 219. 
Marcus, 236. 
Marcy, 260. 
Mare, 111. 
Maress, 54. 
Marian, 54. 
Mariana, 55. 
Marigold, 142, 144. 
Marine, 197, 204. 
Mariner, 203. 
Marjoram, 28, 227. 
Mark, 191. 
Markes, 191. 
Market, 171. 
Markey, 183. 
Marks, 191. 
Markthaler, 190. 
Markwell, 214. 
Marl, 128. 
Marley, 131. 
Marmaduke, 236. 
Marmet, 109. 
Mann ion, 25. 
Marquis, 198. 
Marriman, 92. 
Marrow, 122. 
Marry, 91. 
Mars, 47. 
Marsh, 128, 240. 
Marshall, 186. 
Marshfield, 128. 
Mart, 198. 



Marter, 68. 

Martin, 113, 116, 257. 
Martindale, 118, 129. 
Marts, 197. 
Martyn, 116. 
Martyr, 48, 264. 
Marvel, 40. 
Marvell, 40. 
Mas, 10. 
Mash, 220. 
Mask, 24. 
Masker, 60, 217. 
Maskyline, 56. 
Mason, 202. 
Masse, 127, 182. 
Massman, 80. 
Massy, 127. 
Mast, 197, 197, 198. 
Master, 50. 
Masterman, 50. 
Masters, 199, 201. 
Mastick, 175. 
Math, 248. 
Matt, 176. 
Matte, 176. 
Matter, 182. 
Mattock, 179, 207. 
Mattox, 253. 
Mattrass, 176. 
Maud, 54. 
Maudling, 73. 
Maul, 222, 223. 
Maule, 32. 
Maw, 51, 53. 
Mawe, 52. 
Mawman, 87. 
Max, 10. 
Maxhum, 184. 
Maxim, 183. 
May, 2, 8, 155. 



832 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



May all, 155. 
Maybank, 132. 
Maybee, 124. 
May bell, 144. 
Mayberry, 140. 
May cock, 114. 
Mayer, 199. 
Mayers, 199. 
Maylief, 138. 
Mayntz, 97. 
May son, 155. 
McAdam, 258. 
McBurney, 149. 
McDuff, 12. 
McFond, 90. 
McGory, 218. 
Mc Granary, 144. 
McHose, 104. 
McNoon, 157. 
McQuestion, 72. 
McVicker, 199. 
Mead, 21, 128. 
Meadow, 128. 
Meadowcraft, 128, 132. 
Meadows, 130. 
Meads, 128. 
Mealey, 67, 203. 
Meals, 81. 
Mean, 60. 
Meaning, 242. 
Means, 190. 
Mear, 42. 
Measel, 226. 
Measure, 159. 
Measures, 159. 
Meatman, 23. 
Mecum, 99, 248. 
Meddix, 248. 
Medler, 204. 
Medley, 99. 



Mee, 9. 

Meech, 70. 
Meeching, 70. 
Meek, 63, 70. 
Meeker, 63, 70. 
Meekey, 63. 
Meels, 23. 
Meene, 195. 
Megson, 54. 
Meigs, 15. 
Meiklejohn, 236. 
Meil, 159. 
Meiser, 194. 
Melady, 163. 
Melius, 58. 
Mellon, 142. 
Mellow, 21. 
Melody, 162, 163. 
Melon, 142, 145. 
Melvin, 235. 
Memory, 65. 
Mence, 33. 
Mend, 102. 
Mendall, 102. 
Mende, 102. 
Mendenhall, 104. 
Mendum, 102. 
Mercer, 203. 
Merchant, 203. 
Mercy, 54, 66, 66. 
Merino, 108. 
Merrifield, 128. 
Merriman, 65, 66. 
Merritt, 57. 
Merri wether, 147. 
Merry, 65. 
Mersey, 96. 
Mesh, 99. 
Mesick, 225. 
MesilL 226. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



833 



Mess, 22. 
Messer, 227. 
Messmore, 227. 
Messum, 227. 
Metcalf, 107. 
Method, 183. 
Mew, 162. 
Mewhir, 110. 
Mickell, 193. 
Mickle, 193. 
Micklefield, 192. 
Mico, 253. 
Midcalf, 109. 
Middlebrooks, 161. 
Middlecott, 238. 
Middleditch, 129. 
Middlehook, 161. 
Middlemiss, 155. 
Middlestadt, 168. 
Middlewood, 132. 
Midford, 134, 134. 
Midnight, 157. 
Midwinter, 154, 155. 
Migeod, 233. 
Might, 199. 
Mighter, 199. 
Mildmay, 155, 155. 
Mile, 159, 160. 
Miles, 159. 
Milk, 207, 208. 
Milkey, 208. 
Milkman, 203. 
Mill, 190. 
Millbank, 133. 
Millbanks, 133. 
Millener, 100. 
Miller, 203. 
Millet, 27, 144. 
Million, 158. 
Millions, 191. 



Mills, 169. 
Millsaps, 250. 
Milman, 203. 
Milo, 248. 
Milrose, 143. 
Milsop, 61. 
Milton, 37, 97, 239. 
Milward, 203. 
Mincing, 84. 
Minel, 248. 
Miner, 203. 
Mines, 130. 
Mingle, 99, 99. 
Mingo, 248. 
Mining, 203. 
Mink, 107, 109. 
Minnett, 156. 
Minor, 93, 93. 
Minster, 169, 171. 
Minter, 189. 
Minuter, 163. 
Mirracle, 4. 
Mishler, 34. 
Miss, 56. 
Missing, 97. 
Mist, 148. 
Mitnacht, 157. 
Mitten, 102. 
Mitts, 102. 
Mitty, 102. 
Mix, 227. 
Mixer, 227, 245. 
Moan, 66, 67. 
Moat, 31, 128. 
Mobbs, 99. 
Mobley, 265. 
Mock, 71, 245. 
Mode, 25, 102. 
Model, 58. 
Modhull, 59. 



334 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Moe, 8, 10. 
Moen, 68. 
Moffatt, 248. 
Mohn, 68. 
Mohun, 243. 
Mole, 108, 111. 
Moles, 109. 
Moll, 54. 
Mollison, 54. < 
Mollmati, 54. 
Molly, 55. 
Molson, 237. 
Mon, 10. 

Monarch, 198, 201. 
Monarque, 199. 
Mond, 48* 
Monday, 2, 155. 
Mone, 67. 
Money, 190. 
Moneypenny, 190. 
Monk, 203. 
Monks, 54. 
Monod, 161. 
Montcalm, 109. 
Monte, 214. 
Mony, 190. 
Monypenny, 193. 
Mood, 183. 
Moody, 66. 
Moon, 48, 48. 
Moone, 48. 
Mooney, 21. 
Moor, 128. 
Moorcock, 114. 
Moorfield, 127. 
Moorhead, 128. 
Moorhouse, 168. 
Moos, 107. 
Moper, 69. 
Moral, 58. 



Morano, 17. 
Morass, 128. 
Morasse,' 132. 
More, 192. 
Morecock, 114. 
Morehead, 32. 
Morehouse, 192. 
Morewood^l51. 
Morgenroth, 157. 
Morgenstern, 157. 
Mo rgen thaler, 157. 
Morn, 157. 
Morningstar, 157. 
Moro, 248. 
Morphy, 26. 
Morrow, 156. 
Mors, 5. 
Morse, 199. 
Morsel, 22. 
Mort, 5. 
Morton, 257. 
Moser, 71. 
Moses, 63, 235. 
Moss, 138, 139, 140. 
Mossman, 138. 
Most, 42. 
Mote, 45. 
Moth, 124. 
Mothersell, 24. 
Motherwell, 228. 
Motion, 227. 
Motley, 15. 
Motto w, 184. 
Mould, 27. 
Mouldsdale, 127. 
Mount, 127, 131. 
Mountain, 127, 130, 131 
Mounteny, 131. 
Mountford, 133. 
• Mousall, 71. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



335 



Mouse, 111, 125. 
Mouseall, 71. 
Mousley, 108. 
Mow, 8. 
Mowe, 203. 
Mower, 203. 
Mowle, 108. 
Moy, 8, 10. 
Mozart, 25. 
Muchemore, 192. 
Muchmore, 192. 
Muckelberry, 141. 
Mudd, 14, 128, 130. 
Muddiford, 133. 
Muddle, 63, 231. 
Mudford, 133. 
Mudridge, 130. 
Muff, 104. 
Mugford, 133. 
Mugridge, 22, 229. 
Muir, 128. 
Muirhead, 128. 
Mulberry, 140. 
Mull, 229, 229. 
Mullen, 227. 
Mullery, 229. 
Mullet, 119. 
Mullett, 119. 
Mullincup, 229. 
Mumbler, 72. 
Mumby, 72. 
Mumler, 72. 
Mumm, 70. 
Mumraa, 5. 
Mun, 8, 51. 
Munch, 23, 267. 
Munday, 156. 
Mundy, 156. 
Muneig, 248. 
Munger, 34, 204. 



Munk, 23. 
Munn, 51. 
Munnings, 15. 
Munns, 50, 53. 
Muse, 184, 185. 
Musick, 163. 
Musk, 105. 
Musket, 220. 
Muskett, 221, 221. 
Musliner, 105. 
Mussalman, 23. 
Mussel, 121, 125. 
Musselman, 24. 
Mustard, 209. 
Muster, 220. 
Musters, 220. 
Musy, 185. 
Mutch, 194. 
Muter, 72. 
Mutter, 91. 

Mutton, 109, 111, 125. 
Myer, 128. 
Myers, 128. 
Mygatt, 233. 
My he, 234. 
Myhell, 49. 
Myles, 159. 
Myrtle, 136. 
Myser, 193. 

Nabb, 186. 
Nack, 64. 
Naevius, 88. 
Naf, 10. 
Nagel, 50. 
Naggs, 111. 
Nagle, 50. 
Nail, 53, 211. 
Nam, 10. 
Namer, 99. 



1336 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Nance, 54. 
Napp, 26. 
Nappen, 26. 
Naptin, 253. 
Nares, 33. 
Naromore, 42. 
Narromore, 248. 
Narrowcoat, 104. 
Nash, 19. 
Nassau, 36. 
Nat, 124. 
Natale, 5. 
Nathan, 235, 236. 
Nathanson, 237. 
Nation, 99. 
Natt, 124, 236. 
Nau, 8. 

Navy, 196, 197. 
Nax, 10. 
Nay, 8, 42. 
Naylor, 203. 
Naymire, 131. 
Nead, 21. 
Neadler, 180. 
Neal, 28. 
Near, 91, 160. 
Neary, 91. 
Neat, 83. 
Nece, 92. 
Neck, 51, 52. 
Nee, 10, 265. 
Need, 21, 21. 
Needham, 97. 
Needle, 106. 
Needles, 104. 
Needs, 21. 
Neer, 76. 
Nees, 53. 
Nefew, 91. 
Neff, 91. 



Negus, 22. 

Neighbor, 90. 

Neighbour, 90. 

Nell, 54. 

Nelson, 237. 

Nere, 66. 

Nerey, 42. 

Nero, 35. 

Netherclift, 130. 

Nettle, 142, 145. 

Nettles, 143. 

Neu, 10. 

Nevers, 42. 

New, 8, 13. 

Newback, 226. 

Newbegin, 44. 

Newberth, 44. 

Newbury, 97. 

Newcomb, 102. 

Newgate, 24. 

Newhall, 171. 

Newhouse, 168, 168, 169,170. 

Newkirk, 171. 

Newlove, 91. 

Newman, 44, 83. 

Newraarch, 218, 219. 

Newport, 97. 

Newton, 97. 

Newts, 125. 

Ney, 10, 14. 

Nibbet, 185. 

Nibbs, 183. 

Nice, 85. 

Nicholas, 235. 

Nichols, 237. 

Nick, 236. 

Nickle, 175. 

Nicks, 214. 

Nicodemus, 236. 

Nicolson, 258. 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



337 



Nigh, 76. 
Night, 155, 157. 
Nightingale, 113, 118. 
Nihell, 45. 
Nihill, 46. 
Nile, 96, 96. 
Nill, 45, 46. 
Nine, 2, 158. 
Nippes, 195. 
Nitch, 174. 
Nitzsch, 44. 
Nix, 8, 10, 214. 
Noad, 250. 
Noah, 236, 236. 
Nobbs, 174. 
Nobis, 98. 
Noble, 198. 
Nock, 222, 222. 
Noddell, 46. 
Nodder, 175. 
"Noddle, 46. 
Noe, 43. 
Nogget, 38. 
Noland, 192. 
Noll, 237, 248. 
Noodle, 63. 
Noon, 157, 157, 157. 
Nooning, 157. 
Norah, 56. 
Norcross, 152. 
Norman, 95.' 
North, 152, 152. 
Northend, 152. 
Northey, 152. 
Norths tream, 152. 
North wood, 153. 
Norway, 96. 
Norwich, 239. 
Nose, 51. 
Noser, 72. 



Notman, 57. 
Nott, 42. 
Nourse, 203. 
Now, 156. 
Nox, 155, 157. 
Noyes, 30, 162, 243. 
Noyse, 162. 
Nuckle, 53. 
Nudd, 248. 
Nudle, 61. 
Null, 42. 
Nunn, 54. 
Nunns, 24. 
Nurse, 203. 
Nuss, 206. 
Nusser, 204. 
Nut, 8, 140. 
Nutbrown, 165. 
Nute,- 125. 
Nutman, 140. 
Nutt, 140. 
Nutter, 14, 203. 
Nutting, 19, 140. 
Nutts, 140. 
Nutze, 140. 
Nye, 8, 243, 248. 

0,8. 

Oak, 136. 
Oakeman, 136. 
Oakes, 136. 
Oakey, 137. 
Oakford, 133. 
Oakley, 137. 
Oakman, 136, 145. 
Oaks, 136. 
Oanabus, 253. 
Oar, 197. 
Oat, 145, 145. 
Oates, 145. 



43 



338 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Oatman, 144. 


Omnibus, 98. 


Oats, 38, 145, 145. 


Once, 159. 


Ocella, 88. 


One, 158. 


Och, 8. 


Onely, 158, 159. 


O'Chaise, 212. 


Ong, 8. 


Ochiltree, 137. 


Onion, 144. 


Ochs, 107. 


Only, 232. 


Ochterlony, 253, 254. 


Onslow, 29. 


Octeau, 159. 


Onthank, 248. 


Oddy, 60. 


Onyx, 100. 


Odin, 47. 


Oomen, 233. 


Odion, 169. 


Opol, 100. 


Odlin, 253. 


Opp, 10. 


Ody, 46. 


Opperman, 199. 


Oeding, 248. 


Oral, 72. 


Oeh, 234. 


Orange, 141. 


Oel, 10. 


Orchard, 128, 132 


Off, 234. 


Ord, 8, 10. 


Officer, 221. 


Ore, 134, 134. 


Offor, 196. 


Orf, 10. 


Ogels, 86. 


Organ, 162. 


Ogg, 27. 


Orgill, 248. 


Ogle, 86. 


Origen, 183. 


Ogleman, 87. 


Ork, 10. 


Ohl, 10. 


Orphan, 91. 


Ohrongloweis, 11. 


Orr, 8, 232, 232. 


Oill, 177. 


Orsini, 110. 


Oke, 10. 


Ort, 10. 


Old, 93. 


Orto, 248. 


Oldacre, 130. 


Orum, 230. 


Oldfather, 94. 


Orvice, 248. 


Oldiield, 129, 132. 


Osier, 212, 212. 


Oldman, 94. 


Ost, 10. 


Olds, 93. 


Ostler, 38. 


Oldson, 94. 


Osyer, 139. 


Olive, 142, 145. 


Otey, 144. 


Oliver, 235. 


Otheman, 57. 


Olscamps, 38. 


Other, 98. 


Olt, 10. 


Otherman, 57. 


Olyfather, 233. 


Otis, 243, 248. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



339 



Ott, 10, 10, 10. 
Otter, 110, 111, 111. 
Otto, 36. 
Otz, 10. 
Ouellet, 117. 
Ough, 234. 
Ought, 42. 
Ould, 68. 
Outhouse, 169. 
Outlaw, 73. 
Outwater, 133. 
Ovens, 151, 151, 151. 
Ovenshire, 151. 
Over, 232. 
Overall, 104. 
Overfield, 132. 
Overhalt, 76. 
Overlocke, 174. 
Overmire, 131. 
Overmore, 42. 
Oviatt, 248. 
Owens, 13. 
Ower, 195. 
Owings, 194. 
Owler, 118. 
Owley, 118. 
Ownes, 194. 
Oxenb ridge, 107. 
Oxford, 97, 267. 
Oxman, 107. 
Oxnard, 107. 
Oxx, 8, 107, 111. 
Oyles, 177. 
Oyster, 121. 
Oysterman, 204. 

Pacer, 213. 
Pack, 216, 216. 
Packer, 203. 
Packet, 209. 



Padden, 102. 
Paddock, 125. 
Paddy, 39. 
Padelford, 133. 
Padmore, 104. 
Paer, 193. 
Paffrags, 251. 
Pagan, 23, 24. 
Page, 50, 200. 
Paiba, 253. 
Pail, 209. 
Painter, 203. 
Pair, 99. 
Paist, 208. 
Paler, 165. 
Paley, 165. 
Palfrey, 107. 
Paling, 173. 
Pallas, 47. 
Pallat, 53. 
Pallet, 53. 
Palm, 137, 137. 
Palmer, 203. 
Pancoast, 135. 
Pander, 40. 
Pangborn, 57. 
Pann, 180. 
Panne, 179. 
Pannell, 174. 
Panting, 80. 
Papa, 91. 
Papps, 51, 53. 
Papworth, 208. 
Paquet, 27. 
Par, 120. 
Paradee, 185. 
Paradise, 48. 
Paragon, 74. 
Paramore, 40. 
Parban, 248. 



340 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Parcells, 27. 
Parcher, 150. 
Pardee, 233. 
Pardo, 33. 
Pardon, 66, 67. 
Pare, 250. 
Parent, 91, 91. 
Parey, 185. 
Pargiter, 33. 
Parish, 168. 
Park, 128. 
Parker, 128, 203. 
Parkhill, 131. 
Parkhurst, 128, 239. 
Parkman, 128, 203. 
Parks, 128. 
Parleir, 173. 
Parlor, 172, 173, 173. 
Parlour, 173. 
Parr, 120, 237. 
Parradee, 184. 
Parremore, 40. 
Parris, 97. 
Parrott, 113, 116. 
Parrotts, 113. 
Parryman, 219. 
Parsells, 27. 
Parshall, 91. 
Parshley, 144, 248. 
Parsill, 27. 
Parslee, 144. 
Parsley, 145. 
Parson, 23. 
Parsons, 15, 23. 
Parter, 67. 

Partheimuller, 11, 248. 
Partington, 29. 
Partridge, 113. 
Parts, 99. 
Parview, 234. 



Pasco, 248. 
Pase, 250. 
Pasquino, 256. 
Pass, 76, 220. 
Passavow, 43. 
Passe, 218, 221. 
Passedu, 248. 
Passmore, 77. 
Past, 155. 
Pastor, 24. 
Pastree, 209. 
Patch, 26. 

Pate, 51, 52, 52, 53. 
Paters, 91. 
Paterson, 91. 
Path, 179. 
Pathe, 178. 
Pathman, 179. 
Patience, 71. 
Patient, 70, 226. 
Patina, 181. 
Patrick, 235. 
Pattee, 54. 
Patten, 102. 
Pattern, 57. 
Paul, 235. 
Paulk, 248. 
Paulsen, 239. 
Paulus, 88. 
Paunch, 52. 
Paus, 122. 
Pax, 220. 
Paye, 192, 193. 
Payfer, 204. 
Payment, 194. 
Payne, 21. 
Pea, 146. 
Peabody, 146. 
Peace, 221. 
Peaceable, 221. 



index of surnames. 



341 



Peaceport, 221. 

Peaces, 99. 

Peach, 141, 142, 142, 145. 

Peachy, 141. 

Peack, 129. 

Peacock, 114. 

Pead, 33. 

Peak, 127. 

Peake, 127. 

Peaks, 127. 

Peal, 163, 163. 

Peanot, 140. 

Pear, 141, 142. 

Pearl, 100. 

Pearraain, 141. 

Pears, 141. 

Pearsells, 27. 

Pearson, 241. 

Peart, 63. 

Peas, 146. 

Peaseod, 143. 

Pease, 144, 146. 

Peat, 13, 128, 132. 

Peatt, 132. 

Pebble, 129, 134. 

Pebbles, 128, 133, 253. 

Peck, 159, 159. 

Pecker, 113. 

Peckover, 74. 

Pedder, 245. 

Peddle, 206. 

Pedigree, 99. 

Pedlar, 203. 

Pee, 8. 

Peek, 72, 73, 74. 

Peeker, 73. 

Peele, 27. 

Peeler, 70. 

Peeling, 141, 142. 

Peep, 113. 



Peer, 72, 199. 
Peerless, 58. 
Peers, 198. 
Peet, 128. 
Peets, 128. 
Peg, 172. 
Pegg, 172, 173. 
Pegge, 54. 
Pelize, 104. 
Pellerin, 103. 
Pellet, 43. 
Pellett, 228. 
Pember, 248. 
Pence, 191. 
Pender, 248. 
Pendergrass, 248. 
Pendexter, 248. 
Penfold, 250. 
Penman, 185. 
Penn, 25. 
Pennant, 219, 220. 
Penney, 193. 
Penniman, 191. 
Penny, 191, 193. 
Penny father, 191. 
Pennypacker, 191. 
Penphraise, 185. 
Pension, 192, 196. 
Pent, 79. ' 
Pentecost, 155. 
Pentland, 127. 
Penwell, 185. 
Peoples, 98, 99, 253. 
Peple, 99. 

Pepper, 28, 207, 210. 
Pepperell, 210. 
Peppers, 207. 
Peppiloco, 253. 
Pepys, 71, 253. 
Percival, 15. 



342 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Perdue, 250. 
Perfect, 58, 59, 59. 
Pering, 33. 
Perk, 100. 
Perkins, 237. 
Perley, 100. 
Pero, 248. 
Perrigo, 253. 
Perrum, 253. 
Perry, 141. 
Person, 98. 
Personette, 82. 
Personne, 241. 
Persons, 98. 
Pert, 63. 
Perwort, 253. 
Pesant, 204. 
Pesbeth, 253. 
Pest, 122. 
Pestel, 179. 
Pester, 66. 
Petel, 253. 
Peter, 235. 
Peterkin, 236, 237. 
Peters, 237. 
Peterson, 237. 
Peterwharf, 238. 
Petit, 81. 
Pett, 91. 
Pettee, 81. 

Pettibone, 81, 85, 85. 
Petts, 90. 
Petty, 81, 83. 
Pevear, 248. 
Pew, 170, 170. 
Pews, 170. 
Pewter, 175. 
Pey, 10. 
Pfaff, 24. 
Pfeiffer, 163. 



Pfifer, 163. 
Pfister, 223, 223. 
Phalen, 59. 
Pharnanbucey, 226. 
Pharo, 215. 
Phelon, 225. 
Phese, 66. 
Phillis, 54. 
Phillpot, 22. 
Philo, 235. 
Philopot, 231. 
Phinney, 31. 
Phippen, 243. 
Phister, 248. 
Phoenix, 117. 
Phonk, 61. 
Phy, 234. 
Phyfe, 162. 
Physic, 43. 
Pia, 10. 
Picard, 95. 
Pick, 192, 193. 
Pickel, 210, 210. 
Pickell, 207, 210. 
Picken, 193. 
Pickens, 192, 192. 
Pickett, 171. 
Pickill, 210. 
Pickle, 210. 
Pickles, 207, 209. 
Pickmore, 193, 193. 
Pickstone, 33. 
Pickup, 195. 
Pickwick, 267. 
Picup, 192. 
Pid, 8. 

Pidgeon, 113. 
Pidgin, 113. 
Pie, 209. 
Pieper, 71, 72. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



34:3 



Pier, 197. 
Pierce, 218, 237. 
Pierpont, 239, 242. 
Piers, 197. 
Pies, 209. 
. Pietas, 58. 
Piety, 73. 
Piewell, 209. 
Pigeon, 113. 
Pigg, 6. 
Piggott, 248. 
Pighog, 6, 175. 
Pigrim, 248. 
Pike, 119, 218. 
Pilatte, 35. 
Pilbeam, 227. 
Piles, 225, 226. 
Pill, 228. 
Pillars, 172. 
Pilley, 228. 
Pilling, 226, 227. 
Pillman, 227. 
Pillow, 32. 
Pillsbury, 227. 
Pilot, 197, 206. 
Pilott, 203. 
Pirn, 10, 10. 
Pimbrick, 175. 
Pimm, 253. 
Pimple, 225. 
Pinch, 194. 
Pinchbeck, 192. 
Pincoffs, 104. 
Pindar, 37. 
Pine, 136, 137. 
Pineo, 136. 
Pine j, 81. 
Pinhorn, 104. 
Pinion, 31. 
Pink, 143, 145. 



Pinkham, 218. 

Pinkman, 142. 

Pinks, 142. 

Pinner, 104. 

Pinny, 102. 

Pinor, 71. 

Pinter, 248. 

Pinto, 254. 

Pinyard, 104. 

Pipe, 29, 207. 

Piper, 162. 

Pippe, 117. 

Pippey, 115. 

Pippin, 141. 

Pippy, 115, 117. 

Piquet, 214. 

Pirks, 100. 

Pish, 234. 

Pishon, 233, 248. 

Piso, 181. 

Pistol, 221. 
Pitchbottom, 131. 
Pitcher, 179, 180. 
Pitman, 203. 
Pitrat, 248. 
Pitt, 37. 
Pittee, 66. 
Pittey, 66. 
Pitts, 13, 31. 
Pittsinger, 162. 
Pitty, 66. 

Place, 119, 160, 182. 
Plageman, 248. 
Plaice, 119. 
Plain, 85. * 
Plaines, 129. 
Plains, 129. 
Plamboeck, 241. 
Plancus, 88. 
Planequet, 248. 



344 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Planert, 49. 

Planes, 182. 

Plank, 171, 173. 

Plannett, 49. 

Plant, 139, 139, 143, 144. 

Plate, 179, 180. 

Plateaux, 129. 

Plato, 36, 37. 

Piatt, 128, 179. 

Platte, 179. 

Platter, 179, 180. 

Plautus, 88. 

Player, 214, 215, 216. 

Playfair, 215, 216. 

Playfoot, 85. 

Playford, 134. 

Playter, 205. 

Pleasure, 196, 242. 

Pledge, 183. 

Pledger, 231. 

Plees, 67. 

Plot, 220. 

Plough, 180. 

Plow, 211. 

Plowman,. 38, 204. 

Plows, 179. 

Pluck, 73, 73, 74. 

Pluckrose, 143. 

Plug, 229. 

Plugg, 26. 

Plum, 142, 142. 

Plumb, 141. 

Plumback, 241. 

Plumbtree, 139. 

Plume, 219. 

Plumley, 141. 

Plummer, 203. 

Plumptree, 139. 

Pock, 226. 

Pocket, 106. 



Pocock, 114. 
Pococke, 114. 
Podd, 140. 
Podgea, 248. 
Podmore, 145. 
Poe, 9, 15, 234. 
Poet, 184. 
Poggman, 248. 
Poh, 234. 
Poignard, 218. 
Poindexter, 248. 
Point, 182. 
Pointer, 109, 111. 
Poisson, 120. 
Poke, 76. 
Poland, 95. 
Pole, 140, 140. 
Polegreen, 167. 
Poleman, 206. 
Polfarry, 248. 
Polk, 164. 
Pollard* 136. 
Polley, 55. 
Polleys, 55. 
Pollock, 119, 120 
Polly, 55. 
Poly carp, 120. 
Pond, 133. 
Pons, 133. 
Ponton, 219. 
Poodle, 111. 
Pook, 248. 
Pool, 133. 
Poole, 134. 
.Pooly, 133. 
Poor, 26. 
Poore, 190. 
Popalardo, 136. 
Pope, 199. 
Popkin, 253. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



345 



Popp, 22, 229, 230. 

Poppe, 230. 

Porch, 171. 

Port, 230, 230. 

Portall, 173. 

Portent, 233. 

Porter, 22. 

Porteus, 28. 

Portico, 173. 

Portt, 229. 

Poser, 183. 

Posey, 142. 

Post, 171, 172, 174. 

Postern, 174. 

Poston, 76. 

Postress, 56. 

Potamia, 266. 

Pote, 248. 

Potsdamer, 98. 

Pott, 179, 181. 

Pottecary, 227. 

Potter, 203. 

Pottle, 179, 228, 231, 248. 

Potts, 179. 

Potwin, 229. 

Potwine, 22, 230. 

Poulterer, 206. 

Pound, 159, 191, 233. 

Pounder, 222. 

Povah, 248. 

Powder, 219. 

Powderly, 218. 

Power, 182. 

Powers, 198. 

Pozer, 183. 

Pozner, 248. 

Praed, 24. 

Prairie, 131. 

Prall, 33. 

Pratt, 64. 



Pratveil, 33. 

Pray, 23, 28. 

Precious, 100. 

Prentice, 50, 200. 

Prentiss, 50. 

Prescott, 15, 238. * 

Presho, 248. 

President, 200. 

Presser, 91. 

Pressey, 96. 

Pressnail, 263. 

Presson, 76. 

Prest, 78. 

Presto, 234. 

Pretty, 83, 84. 

Prettyman, 83, 84. 

Prey, 112. 

Priam, 36. 
Priary, 199. 
Price, 13, 197. 
Prickett, 228. 
Prickle, 74, 226. 
Pride, 63, 66. 
Priest, 23. 
Priestley, 58. 
Priestly, 58. 
Prieto, 248. 
Prigg, 69. 
Prigge, 60, 83, 85. 
Prigley, 85. 
Prim, 85, 86. 
Prime, 57, 218. 
Primer, 185. 
Primrose, 143, 143. 
Prince, 198. 
Princess, 198. 
Pringle, 248. 
Prink, 85. 

Printy, 183, 203, 248. 
Prior, 199. 



44 



346 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Prittie, 84. 

Probus, 58. 

Proctor, 199. 

Profit, 194. 

Pronk, 20. 

Proper, 59. 

Propst, 214. 

Proser, 72. 

Prosser, 72. 

Proud, 63, 64. 

Proudfit, 63. 

Proudfoot, 63, 63, 70, 267. 

Proudlock, 64. 

Proudlove, 90", 91. 

Proudman, 64, 70. 

Prout, 248. 

Prouty, 248. 

Province, 98, 168. 

Provost, 200. 

Prow, 197. 

Prows, 197. 

Prrsch, 264. 

Prude, 55. 

Pruden, 253. 

Prudence, 73. 

Prus, 250. 

Pryse, 215. 

Puck, 48. 

Puckering, 69. 

Pudding, 209. 

Pudor, 233. 

Pue, 234. 

Puff, 105. 

Puffer, 79. 

Pugh, 232, 232, 233. 

Pugley, 110. 

Puke, 40. 

Pulcher, 88. 

Puller, 78. 

Pullin, 253. 



Pulling, 78, 187. 
Pullman, 78. 
Pullum, 265. 
Pultenham, 244. 
Pumpelly, 34. 
Punch, 22, 222. 
Pupp, 111. 
Purchas, 198. 
Purchase, 198. 
Purdeu, 233. 
Purely, 59. 
Purge, 228. 
Purling, 131. 
Purple, 165, 166. 
Purse, 194, 195. 
Purseglove, 195. 
Purser, 204. 
Purss, 193. 
Purty, 84. 
Pusey, 108, 108. 
Pushee, 71, 222. 
Pushing, 70. 
Pussedu, 248. 
Pussey, 109. 
Pussy, 108. 
Putnam, 244. 
Puttenham, 244. 
Puttey, 208. 
Puttock, 250. 
Py, 209. 
Pycot, 248.' 
Pye, 208, 209, 209. 
Pyke, 120. 
Pyle, 33, 172. 
Pym, 10. 
Pympe, 92. 
Pynchon, 187, 253. 
Pyne, 136. 
Pypon, 33. 
Pyser, 248. 



PsDEX OF SURNAMES. 



347 



Pysing, 33. 

Pythias, 90. 

Qua, 10. 

Quackenbush, 34. 
Quail, 113. 
Quails, 115. 
Quaintance, 92. 
Quakenbosh, 34. 
Quakenbush, 34. 
Quaker, 23. 
Qualey, 248. 
Quan, 248. 
Quart, 159. 
Quarterly, 154. 
Quarterman, 158. 
Quarters, 158. 
Quary, 13, 248. 
Quash, 34. 
Quattlebaum, 34. 
Quay, 135, 198. 
Quayl, 113. 
Quear, 61. 
Quee, 250. 
Queen, 56, 199. 
Quell, 74. 
Quere, 62. 
Query, 72. 
Quest, 250. 
Questead, 33. 
Quick, 26, 76, 77. 
Quicksall, 251. 
Quiddy, 253. 
Quier, 60. 
Quil, 185. 
Quill, 25, 185. 
Quillman, 183. 
Quilt, 176. 
Quilter, 176. 
Quilty, 176, 248. 



Quince, 145. 
Quincey, 142. 
Quincy,97, 141,225,266. 
Quiner, 253. 
Quint, 158. 
Quintal, 159. 
Quire, 185. 
Quirk, 66, 67. 
Quitman, 92. 

Rabbit, 108, 111. 
Race, 75. 
Racer, 76, 213. 
Racey, 62. 
Rachel, 54. 
Rack, 35, 36. 
Racket, 162. 
Rackstraw, 143. 
Rad, 10. 
Rae, 8. 
Raffles, 216. 
Rafter, 171, 172. 
Rafters, 27. 
Raftor, 173. 
Raggens, 26. 
Raglan, 256. 
Ragland, 130. 
Ragon, 26. 
Raikes, 207. 
Rain, 148, 149. 
Rainbird, 118. 
Rainbold, 148. 
Rainboth, 149.- 
Rainbow, 148, 148. 
Raine, 148, 149. 
Rainey, 147. 
Rains, 148, 148, 213. 
Rainstorp, 33. 
Raisin, 209. 
Raisor, 27. 



348 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Rake, 39. 
Ral, 8. 
Rail, 248. 
Rally, 38. 
Ralph, 235. 
Ram, 199, 111, 111. 
Ramm, 111. 
Rammie, 248. 
Ramsbottom, 131. 
Ramsdell, 127. 
Ramsden, 110. 
Ramshorn, 122. 
Ranee, 248. 
Rancour, 67. 
Randolph, 97. 
Rane, 147. 
Raney, 147. 
Ranger, 203. 
Rank, 199. 
Ranks, 200. 
Rann, 75. 
Ran slow, 30. 
Bansom, 196. 
Rantem, 70. 
Rap, 23. 
Rape, 40. 
Rapes, 40. 
Rapier, 219. 
Rapine, 74. 
Rapper, 162. 
Raps, 23. 
Rarer, 58. 
Raser, 27. 
Rasin, 142. 
Rason, 209. 
Rat, 111. 
Ratford, 109. 
Ratio, 182. 
Ratt, 108. 
Ratte, 109. 



Rattel, 217. 
Ratter, 65. 
Rattle, 217. 
Rau, 10. 
Rauch, 150. 
Rausch, 150. 
Rauschert, 248. 
Raven, 117. 
Ravenhill, 117. 
Raw, 62, 86. 
Rawlins, 6. 
Rawson, 86. 
Ray, 8, 119, 120. 
Rayment, 101. 
Raynard, 107. 
Rayne, 147. 
Rayner, 147. 
Raynes, 213. 
Razee, 81. 
Rea, 8. 
Read, 183. 
Readdy, 71. 
Reader, 185. 
Readhead, 83, 267. 
Reading, 183, 184, 185. 
Ready, 71. 
Reaker, 148. 
Reals, 191. 
Ream, 185. 
Reap, 145. 
Rear, 213. 
Rearer, 212. 
Reason, 73, 73. 
Reasons, 265. 
Reaver, 74. 
Rebal, 248. 
Rebola, 248. 
Reckless, 73. 
Record, 186. 
Records, 187, 188. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



349 



Rector, 199. 
Redding, 166. - 
Reddish, 166. 
Reddy, 71. 
Redfern, 138, 166. 
Redfield, 167. 
Redfoot, 85. 
Redgate, 167. 
Redhead, 83, 84. 
Redhouse, 167. 
Redline, 167. 
Redman, 166. 
Redpath, 166, 167. 
Redway, 167. 
Ree, 10. 
Reed, 138. 
Reedy, 128, 138. 
Reef, 198. 
Reefer, 198. 
Reekin, 149. 
Reel, 229, 230. 
Reeve, 200. 
Regal, 198. 
Regally, 198. 
Regester, 188. 
Regillus, 89. 
Register, 188. 
Reil, 128. 
Reiley, 73. 
Reinhard, 147, 148. 
Rek, 10. 
Reich, 248. 
Remnant, 103. 
Remus, 264. 
Rench, 223. 
Render, 222. 
Rendrop, 149. 
Renne, 248. 
Renter, 204. 
Repell, 43. 



Rerrinason, 248. 
Rest, 76, 77. 
Reste, 76. 
Restin, 76. 
Return, 15. 
Revallion, 248. 
Revell, 22. 
Revere, 23. 
Revill, 22. 
Rew, 10. 
Rex, 8, 198, 199. 
Rey, 199. 
Rhall, 248. 
Rhind, 142. 
Rhine, 96. 
Rhinelander, 98. 
Rhoades, 178. 
Rhodes, 95. 
Rhoner, 96. 
Rhy, 144. 
Rice, 144. 
Rich, 26. 
Richards, 237. 
Richardson, 237. 
Riches, 191. 

Rick, 138, 145, 190, 207. 
Ricketts, 225. 
Ricks,'l38, 207. 
Ridabock, 214. 
Riddle, 183, 185. 
Rideout, 212. 
, Rider, 212. 
Ridey, 213. 
Ridge, 127, 160. 
Ridgway, 127, 178. 
Ridings, 214. 
Riehill, 132. 
Riff', 253. 
Rigg, 100, 101. 
Riggers, 267. 



350 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Riggins, 100. 
Riggs, 101. 
Right, 57. 
Righter, 184, 185. 
Rightly, 59. 
Rigler, 78. 
Riha, 248. 
Riker, 248. 
Riley, 63, 73. 
Rill, 134. 

Rimmer, 160, 160. 
Rindge, 97. 
Ring, 27. 
Ringer, 28. 
Ringgold, 100. 
Ringlet, 53. 
Rings, 100. 
Ringwell, 162. 
Rino, 193. 
Rio, 98. 
Ripp, 104. 
Ripple, 134. 
Ripps, 230. 
Risband, 103. 
Riser, 26. 
Rising, 26. 
Risk, 214. 
Rist, 248, 265. 
Ritch, 190. 
Ritz, 248. 
River, 134. 
Rivers, 132. 
Rivet, 171, 188. 
Rix, 8. 
Roach, 119. 
Road, 179. 
Roadhouse, 170. 
Roads, 179. 
Roaf, 248. 
Roak, 248. 



Roan, 165. 
Roane, 165. 
Roarer, 164. 
Roat, 185. 
Roath, 248. 
Robbins, 113. 
Robe, 103, 104. 
Robers, 73. 
Roberts, 237. 
Robertson, 237. 
Robin, 113. 
Robins, 113. 
Robinson, 237, 257. 
Rock, 127. 
Rockefeller, 83, 129. 
Rocker, 129. 
Rockett, 150. 
Rockey, 132. 
Rockhill, 37, 131. 
Rocks, 129. 
Rockwood, 127, 136. 
Rodd, 160. 
Rode well, 212. 
Rodman, 28. 
Roe, 8, 119, 122, 187. 
Roebuck, 109. 
Roer, 162. 
Roers, 162. 
Roger, 235. 
Roh, 10. 
Rokue, 248. 
Roland, 235. 
Roll, 186, 207, 208. 
Rollo, 248. 
Rolls, 208. 
Romulus, 266. 
Roncati, 248. 
Rondelet, 164. 
Ronimus, 248. 
Rood, 159, 160. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



351 



Roof, 173. 

Rook, 113, 117, 118. 
Rooke, 116. 
Room, 171. 
Roome, 171. 
Root, 140. 
Rootes, 140. 
Rooth, 54. 
Roots, 140. 
Ropes, 207. 
Rorer, 164. 
Rose, 142, 143. 
Rosebush, 143. 
Rosenbush, 143. 
Rosenfeld, 142. 
Rosengarten, 142. 
Rosenthal, 131. 
Rosery, 24. 
Rosewharm, 151. 
Rotch, 119. 
Rothschild, 256. 
Rotnian, 123. 
Rott, 123. 
Rotten, 123. 
Rotton, 123. 
Rotty, 123. 
Rough, 84. 
Roulstone, 60. 
Round, 160. 
Rounds, 160. 
Rountree, 138. 
Rouse, 26, 157. 
Rouser, 157. 
Router, 219, 248. 
Rouw, 223. 
Rover, 230. 
Row, 66, 230. 
Rowan, 139. 
Rowbottom, 132. 
Rowe, 214. 



Rowell, 212, 212. 
Rox, 10. 
Roy, 8, 198. 
Royal, 198. 
Roylance, 248. 
Rubb, 69. 
Rubiean, 96. 
Rubincam, 96. 
Ruble, 191, 191. 
Rubsam, 243. 
Ruby, 100. 
Rue, 10, 66. 
Ruck, 248. 
Rudder, 197. 
Ruddiman, 84. 
Ruddle, 248. 
Ruddy, 166, 166. 
Rue, 8, 70. 
Ruff, 103, 106. 
Ruffe, 103. 
Ruffhead, 84. 
Ruffridge, 132. 
Rugg, 176. 
Rugs, 176. 
Ruhler, 28. 
Rule, 183, 187. 
Rum, 230. 
Rumble, 39. 
Rumery, 229. 
Rummer, 229. 
Rump, 123. 
Rumpf, 122. 
Rumpff, 123. 
Rumpp, 122, 123. 
Rumrill, 22. 
Rumsell, 229. 
Rundlett, 159. 
Rung, 163. 
Runner, 76. 
Runners, 213. 



352 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Rupp, 248. 
Ruse, 188. 
Rush, 75. 
Rusher, 76. 
Rushout, 77, 77. 
Rushton, 253. 
Rusk, 208, 208. 
Russ, 95. 
Rust, 27. 
Ruth, 54. 
Rutley, 141. 
Rutt, 178. 
Rutter, 40. 
Rutty, 178. 
Rutz, 178. 
Ry croft, 145. 
Ryde, 212. 
Rye, 144, 144, 145. 
Ryland, 144. 
Rymer, 184. 
Rymes, 183. 
Rymill, 169. 
Rynd, 142. 
Rynex, 83. 
Ryno, 191, 193. 

Sa, 8. 
Sabine, 95. 
Sables, 100. 
Sachrider, 250. 
Sachs, 102. 
Sack, 229, 230, 230. 
Sackenbotam, 176. 
Sacket, 96. 
Sackman, 230. 
Sacks, 27. 
Sad, 69. 
Sadd, 66, 67. 
Saddler, 39. 
Sader, 69. 



Sadler, 203. 
Sage, 60. 
Sagendorph, 248. 
Sahlein, 248. 
Saile, 197, 198. 
Sailer, 197. 
Sailor, 197, 198. 
Saint, 48. 
Sake, 194. 
Sale, 197, 198. 
Sales, 197, 198. 
Salisbury, 97. 
Sail, 55. 
Sallies, 219. 
Sallowes, 165. 
Sally, 55, 55. 
Salmon, 119, 122. 
Salom, 97. 
Salt, 207, 210, 210. 
Salter, 203. 
Salthouse, 170. 
Saltmarsh, 131. 
Saltmarshe, 130. 
Saltonstall, 207. 
Salts, 228. 
Salvo, 218. 
Sam, 10. 
Sammes, 236. 
Sample, 207. 
Sampson, 235, 237. 
Sams, 238. 
Samuel, 235. 
Samuels, 237. 
Sancry, 248. 
Sanctuary, 169. 
Sand, 129, 133. 
Sandbloom, 143. 
Sandford, 238. 
Sandicky, 248. 
Sandilands, 132. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



353 



Sandland, 129. 
Sandman, 204. 
Sandridge, 131. 
Sands, 133. 
Sandy, 133. 
Sanford, 238. 
Sanger, 162. 
Sanschagrin, £9. 
Sansfacon, 85. 
Sansregret, 59. 
Sapp, 64, 140. 
Sapper, 220. 
Sarasin, 98. 
Sarch, 188. 
Sargeants, 98. 
Sargent, 199. 
Sartain, 234. 
Satchell, 187. 
Satchwell, 27, 248. 
Sattenshall, 103. 
Satterly, 253. 
Saucer, 179. 
Sauerwein, 230. 
Saul, 235, 236. 
Sauls, 237. 
Saurman, 68. 
Sause, 145. 
Savage, 66. 
Saveall, 194. 
Savory, 36. 
Savoy, 95. 
Sawdy, 253. 
Saw en, 253. 
Sawin, 203. 
Sawn, 250. 
Sawyer, 203. 
Sax, 10, 10, 103. 
Saxty, 158. 
Say, 72. 
Sayer, 23, 72, 203. 



Sayles, 197. 
Saywell, 253. 
Scales, 121. 
Scaley, 189. 
Scamp, 73. 
Scane, 103. 
Scanlan, 248. 
Scantland, 192. 
Scarboro', 97. 
Scarborough, 97. 
Scaredevil, 88. 
Scarf, 105. 
Scarff, 103, 105. 
Scarlet, 165. 
Scates, 119, 216, 217. 
Scattergood, 57, 59. 
Sceery, 63. 
Schad, 119. 
Schadow, 83. 
Schaier, 248. 
Schall, 121. 
Schank, 50. 
Schatz, 190. 
Schaye, 212. 
Schellinx, 191. 
Schenk, 248. 
Schiffley, 251. 
Schitler, 248. 
Schley, 212. 
Schlimper, 248. 
Schneider, 203. 
Schnur, 248. 
Scholer, 183. 
Scholes, 253. 
Schoolcraft, 183. 
Schoonmaker, 204. 
Schott, 218. 
Schoulder, 183. 
Schouler, 183. 
Schriever, 248. 



45 



354 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Schrivarney, 253. 
Schrouder, 38. 
Schuch, 102. 
Schuchartel, 253. 
Schuman, 203. 
Schuttee, 248. 
Schuyler, 259. 
Schwab, 113. 
Schwartz, 165. 
Sciepps, 248. 
Scipp, 75, 77. 
Scobie, 253. 
Scollard, 183, 185. 
Score, 158. 
Scorsur, 248. 
Scotland, 95. 
Scott, 95, 260. 
Scotto, 253. 
Scourse, 248. 
Scow, 196. 
Scowler, 66. 
Scram, 250. 
Scrapeskin, 194. 
Scribe, 184. 
Scribner, 183. 
Scriggins, 34, 248. 
Scrimger, 250. 
Scripter, 5. 
Scripture, 5. 
Scrivener, 183, 183. 
Scroggie, 250. 
Scruggs, 34. 
Scudder, 75. 
Scull, 52. 
Sculley, 214. 
Scullim, 214. 
Scullion, 200. 
Sculpin, 119. 
Sea, 134, 135. 
Seaberry, 253. 



Seaburn, 134. 
Seacole, 151. 
Seads, 139. 
Seafart, 250. 
Seal, 122, 183. 
Sealer, 183. . 
Sealley, 248. 
Seals, 183. 
Sealy, 183. 
Seaman, 198. 
Seamans, 203. 
Seaquill, 265. 
Search, 186, 188, 188. 
Searight, 87. 
Searing, 100. 
Sears, 23. 
Seas, 135. 
Seawall, 133. 
Seaward, 133. 
Seawood, 151. 
Sec, 10. 

Second, 158, 159. 
Secret, 72. 
Sedgely, 128. 
Sedgley, 128. 
Sedgwick, 128. 
Sedgy, 134. 
See, 10, 199, 232. 
Seed, 139, 140, 145. 
Seeds, 139, 140, 145. 
Segar, 207. 
Seggie, 134. 
Segiditus, 88. 
Selah, 234. 
Self, 194, 194. 
Selig, 48. 
Seligman, 62. 
Seling, 171. 
Selkrig, 253. 
Sellar, 173. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



355 



Sellars, 171, 173. 
Seller, 198. 
Sellers, 26, 173. 
Sellew, 249. 
Sellick, 253. 
Selling, 197. 
Sells, 198. 
Selman, 24. 
Semy, 158. 
Sendall, 253. 
Sendfirst, 159. 
Senex, 93. 
Senicio, 94. 
Senin, 248. 
Senior, 93. 
Sennet, 99. 
Senseman, 62. . 
Senter, 160. 
Sentman, 206. 
Sentry, 218. 
Seppens, 253. 
Sequin, 191. 
Serch, 188. 
Serenus, 88. 
Serjeantson, 201. 
Serley, 68. 
Sermon, 184. 
Service, 38, 205. 
Serville, 71. 
Sesic, 225. 
Sessions, 186. 
Seton, 227. 
Setright, 227. 
Setter, 107. 
Setters, 107. 
Settle.* 

Sevenoaks, 244. 
Severance, 71. 



Severus, 88. 

Sew, 101. 

Sewall, 186. 

Sexton, 199. 

Shaby, 83. 

Shackell, 187, 188. 

Shackleford, 188. 

Shad, 120. 

Shadd, 120, 121. 

Shade, 137, 138, 148, 166. 

Shadrach, 43, 235. 

Shadwell, 120. 

Shady, 138. 

Shakeshaft, 87. 

Shakespeare, 220. 

Shall, 121. 

Shaller, 253. 

Shallow, 60, 61. 

Shamely, 59. 

Shandy, 29. 

Shank, 51, 51. 

Shankland, 127, 131, 249. 

Shanes, 51, 52, 53. 

Shannon, 96. 

Shard, 120. 

Share, 99. 

Sharer, 196. 

Sharf, 248. 

Sharkey, 119, 121. 

Sharkly, 119. 

Sharon, 97. 

Sharp, 60. 

Sharper, 189. 

Sharpey, 189. 

Sharpless, 27. 

Sharpley, 195. 

Sharpsheers, 195. 

Sharrow, 253. 



* " Distressed Innocence " is advertised in 1691 as written bv E. Settle. 



356 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Shatter, 218. 

Shattuck, 18, 142. 

Shaveall, 194. 

Shaver, 193, 194. 

Shaves, 28. 

Shaw, 128, 239. 

Shay, 212. 

Shays, 212. 

Shea, 54. 

Sheafe, 138. 

Shear, 179. 

Sheard, 187. 

Shearer, 189, 203. 

Shearin, 193, 248. 

Shears, 179, 179, 189, 193. 

Sheatin, 176. 

Sheaves, 139. 

Shebbeare, 57. 

Shed, 169, 243. 

Shedd, 169. 

Shee, 55, 57. 

Sheepshanks, 84. 

Sheer, 195. 

Sheerin, 193. 

Sheerman, 195, 203. 

Sheers, 194. 

Sheet, 106. 

Sheets, 176. 

Sheffield, 97. 

Sheik, 199. 

Sheikeshaft, 248. 

Sheir, 248. 

Sheldrake, 121. 

Shelhammer, 121. 

Shellcup, 180. 

Shellem, 121. 

Shelley, 120, 121, 121. 

Shelmire, 124. 

Shenkburgh, 248. 

Shep, 107. 



Shepcoat, 102. 
Shepherd, 203. 
Sheple, 250. 
Shepley, 19. 
Sherburne, 97. 
Sheriff, 186, 188. 
Sheriffs, 1S7, 188. 
Sherk, 65. 
Sherker, 65. 
Sherran, 253. 
Sherren, 253. 
Sherrey, 230. 
Sherrod, 253. . 
Sherry, 228, 230. 
Shewill, 55. 
Shick, 248. 
Shield, 218. 
Shields, 218, 220. 
Shier, 70. 

SJiillcock, 114,253. 
Shilling, 193. 
Shillinglaw, 189. 
Shillitoe, 164. 
Shiloh, 248. 
Shimmin, 178, 249. 
Shin, 51, 52. 
Shine, 70, 177, 248. 
Shiner, 193. 
Shines, 70. 
Shingle, 171. 
Shingles, 171. 
Shinitz, 248. 
Shinn, 53. 
Shinner, 75. 
Shinners, 75. 
Ship, 198. 
Shipley, 214. 
Shipman, 197, 214. 
Shippe, 197. 
Shippen, 196. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



357 



Shipper, 197, 198. 
Shippey, 196. 
Shippie, 196. 
Ship way, 197. 
Ship well, 198. 
Shire, 168. 
Shires, 99. 
Shirk, 65. 
Shirkey, 65. 
Shirpsir; 248. 
Shirt, 101. 
Shirtcliff, 106. 
Shirtfield, 166. 
'Shirtliff, 106. 
Shissler, 34, 249. 
Shiver, 151. 
Shivers, 151. 
Shnpf, 44. 
Shoals, 133. 
Shoat, 7. 
Shoats. 7. 
Shock, 43. ' 
Shoebottom, 103. 
Shoecraft, 204. 
Shoemaker, 203, 204. 
Shoesmith, 104. 
Sholes, 119. 
Sholp, 248. 
Shoner, 177. 
Shook, 251. 
Shoolbred, 184. 
Shooter, 221. 
Shopp, 169. 
Shopperie, 248. 
Shopps, 169. 

Shore, 99, 133, 133, 134, 135. 
Shorediche, 132. 
Shores, 133. 
Short, 26, 80, 82. 
Shortall, 82. 



Shorten, 82. 
Shorter, 82, 82. 
Shorthose, 105. 
Shortland, 192. 
Shortaian, 81. 
Shorton, 195. 
Shortreed, 139. 
Shortridge, 127. 
Shote, 7. 

Shotter, 218, 219. 
Shoulder, 51, 52. 
Shoulders, 51. 
Shouse, 34. 
Shove, 76. 
Shovel, 181. 
Shoveller, 205. 
Shover, 70. 
Shovon, 76. 
Showe, 214. 
Shower, 147, 149. 
Showry, 148. 
Shreve, 199. 
Shriever, 23. 
Shrimpton, 121. 
Shrivel, 82. 
Shropshire, 97. 
Shrubb, 140. 
Shrubsole, 141. 
Shubrick, 175. 
Shuck, 250. 
Shue, 101. 
Shufeldt, 105. 
Shufelt, 249. 
Shuffler, 65. 
Shugerman, 66. 
Shugurgh, 208. 
Shumway, 240. 
Shun, 74. 
Shunk, 34. 
Shurkey, 65. 



358 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Shurt, 101, and Dedication. 

Shurtleff, 106. 

Shut, 73. 

Shute, 218. 

Shuter, 220. 

Shutever, 73. 

Shuts, 251. 

Shutter, 174. 

Shuttle, 217. 

Shuttlesworth, 217. 

Sias, 249. 

Sibel, 23. 

Sibell, 23. 

Sick, 226, 226. 

Sickels, 179, 207. 

Sickle, 179. 

Sicklemore, 179. 

Sickles, 179. 

Sickling, 226. 

Sickman, 226, 226. 

Sidbother, 265. 

Side, 51, 52, 53. 

Sidebottom, 129, 131. 

Siders, 22. 

Sides, 50, 53, 122. 

Sidi, 249. 

Sidleman, 87. 

Sigil, 183. 

Sign, 182. 

Sigourney, 15. 

Silas, 236. 

Sileman, 60. 

Silence, 72. 

Silk, 103, 103, 207. 

Silkman, 104, 204. 

Sill, 171, 173. 

Siller, 190. 

Silley, 60. 

Silliman, 62, 62. 

Silloway, 7. 



Sillyman, 62. 
Silver, 190. 
Silverheels, 34, 50. 
Silvernail, 50. 
Silverstone, 193. 
Silver-thorn, 139. 
Silvertooth, 34. 
Silvertop, 53. 
Sim, 10, 10. 
Simper, 87. 
Simple, 60, 61, 61. 
Simpler, 61. 
Sinder, 15. 
Sinet, 253. 
Sinew, 122. 
Sinfield, 59. 
Sinfoot, 59. 
Sing, 162. 
Singer, 162. 
Single, 159, 159,267. 
Singlewood, 131. , 
Sinjohn, 244. 
Sink, 31, 31. 
Sinke, 31. 
Sinley, 73. 
. Sinn, 73, 73, 242. 
Sip, 230. 
Sipler, 229. 
Siples, 229. 
Sipp, 230. 
Sippel, 229. 
Sippet, 229, 229. 
Sipple, 229, 229. 
Sipps, 229. 
Siree, 234. 
Sirian, 95. 
Sisan, 253. 
Sise, 160. 
Sisk, 249. 
Siss, 162. 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Xoi) 



Sistermans, 90. 
Sites, 251. 
Sitgreaves, 188. 
Sivadie, 249. 
Sivret, 240. 
Six, 159, 159. 
Sixsmith, 159. 
Sixty, 159. 
Size, 160. 
Skanning, 183. 
Skate, 217. 
Skates, 119. 
Skeath, 253. 
Skeele, 249. 
Skey, 49. 
. Skiff, 1-96. 
Skill, 61, 205. 
Skillet, 179. 
Skillman, 61. 
Skimmer, 60, 119. 
Skimmings, 122, 194. 
Skin, 52. 
Skiney, 79. 
Skinner, 189, 203. 
Skipper, 75. 
Skull, .51, 52.. 
Skullion, 200. 
Sky, 8, 49. 
Skyll, 64. 
Slack, 71. 
Slagrim, 250. 
Slamm, 162. 
Slane, 218. 
Slantebaek, 85. 
Slate, 27, 183, 245. 
Slater, 203. 
Slates, 171. 
Slatt, 162. 
Slatterly, 249. 
Slattery, 249. 



Slaughter, 4, 220. 
Slayback, 88. 
Slaymaker, 206. 
Sleater, 147. 
Sleep, 157. 
Sleeper, 26. 
Sleet, 149. 
Sleight, 217. 
Slewman, 21. 
Slicer, 194. 
Slider, 78. 
Slight, 82. 
Sligo, 65. 
Sliloh, 249. 
Slines, 249. 
Slipper, 106. 
Slipshoe, 106. 
Slit, 265. 
Sloan, 249. 
Sloat, 34. 
Sloave, 249. 
Slocock, 1 1 5. 
Slocum, 75. 
Slocumb, 75. 
Sloman, 75, 76. 
Sloog, 249. 
Slooman, 229. 
Sloope, 197. • 
Sloper, 75. 
Slough, 130, 131. 
Slow, 76, 77, 79. 
Slowe, 76. 
Slowey, 77. 
Sluce, 149. 
• Sluggett, 124. 
Sluman, 34. 
Slumber, 157. 
Sly, 8, 60, 65. 
Slye, 64. 
Slyman, 60. 



360 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Slyott, 65. 


Snawsell, 253. 


Smack, 91. 


Snell, 77. 


Small, 26, 81. 


Snide, 249. 


Smallbone, 264. 


Sniffen, 87. 


Smallbrook, 134. 


Sniffin, 87. 


Smallcorn, 60, 144. 


Snigg, 65. 


Smaller, 82. 


Sniggler, 65. 


Smallman, 82. 


Sniveldy, 87. 


Smallpiece, 60, 81. 


Sniveley, 87. 


Smallwell, 134. 


Snively,87. 


Smallwood, 60, 131,. 137. 


Snoden, 249. 


Smalpenny, 193. 


Snodgrass, 139. 


Smart, 59, 61, 69, 83. 


Snook, 250. 


Smellia, 123. 


Snooks, 244, 250 


Smellie, 36. 


Snow, 147. 


Smelt, 119, 120. 


Snowball, 149. 


Smibert, 253. 


Snupe, 244. 


Smiler, 67. 


Snuts, 249. 


Smiles, 66, 67. 


Soaper, 203. 


Smiley, 66, 67. 


Sobbe, 69. 


Sminck, 44. 


Sober, 231, 231. 


Smink, 44. 


Sockett, 177. 


Smirke, 69. 


Soda, 228. 


Smith, 202. 


Soesman, 249. 


Smithhammer, 204. 


Soffee, 176. 


Smitten, 70, 91. 


Softley, 68. 


Smock, 105. 


Softly, 68. 


Smoke, 264. 


Solace, 25. 


Smoote, 265. 


Soldem, 23. 


Smothers, 34. 


Soles, 25. 


Smouch, 25. 


Solger, 218. 


Smout, 250. 


Soil, 48. 


Smull, 34. 


Solly, 249. 


Smylie, 67. 


Solomon, 235. 


Snagg, 140. 


Someborn, 57. 


Snaith, 249. 


Somedry, 231. 


Snake, 125. 


Somerbee, 124. 


Snapp, 66. 


Somerville, 97. 


Snare, 111. 


Sommerlad, 154. 


Snarey, 111. 


Somwell, 227. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



361 



Son, 90. 
Songster, 163. 
Sonk, 249. 
Sonna, 90. 
Sonne, 90. 
Sonneborn, 92. 
Sontag, 156. 
Soper, 203. 
Sopher, 176. 
Sophocles, 37, 48. 
Sophus, 253. 
Sorel, 143. 
Sorely, 226. 
Sorrell, 142. 
Sortor, 214. 
Sortwell, 214. 
Sosnowky, 249. 
Soul, 49. 
Soule, 48, 249. 
Sour, 67. 
Sourmilk, 208. 
Sourwine, 230. 
Souter, 253. 
South, 152, 152. 
Southack, 152, 266. 
Southard, 152. 
Souther, 152. 
Southerly, 152. 
Southern, 152. 
Southey, 152, 242. 
Southgate, 152, 240. 
Southland, 152. 
Southmayd, 152. 
Southward, 152. 
Southwick, 152. 
Southwood, 153. 
South worth, 152. 
Sovereign, 191. 
Sower, 27, 27, 203. 
Sowman, 203. 



Soy, 210. 

Space, 160. 

Spade, 179, 207. 

Spader, 206. 

Spady, 207. 

Spain, 95. 

Spalding, 18. 

Span, 160. 

Spane, 95. 

Spangler, 105. 

Spaniel, 108. 

Spar, 197, 198. 

Spare, 81. 

Spargo, 249. 

Sparhawk, 113, 189. 

Spark, 91, 92. 

Sparke, 93. 

Sparks, 149, 151. 

Sparrow, 17, 113, 116, 125, 

189, 217. 
Spary, 194. 
Spatts, 168. 
Spaul, 253. 
Spavin, 212. 
Spayd, 181. 
Speak, 72. 
Speakman, 72. 
Speaks, 72. 
Spear, 13, 218. 
Spearin, 219. 
Spearman, 220. 
Speck, 166, 166. 
Speed, 75, 75. 
Speedy, 76. 
Speight, 68. 
Speirs, 249. 
Spelbrink, 185. 
Spell, 185. 
Spellenbuch, 185. 
Spellin, 185. 



46 



362 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Spellman, 183. 
Spelman, 183. 
Spencer, 102, 256. 
Spender, 193. 
Spendlove, 93. 
Spicely, 209. 
Spicer, 203. 
Spider, 124. 
Spiers, 218. 
Spike, 175. 
Spiker, 204. 
Spiles, 173. 
Spiller, 21. 
Spillet, 180. 
Spilling, 23, 229. 
Spiltimber, 33. 
Spinckes, 33. 
Spindler, 203. 
Spine, 267. 
Spink, 32. 
Spinnage, 145, 145. 
Spinner, 32, 203. 
Spinners, 204. 
Spinney, 203. 
Spinning, 204. 
Spire, 170, 170. 
Spires, 170. 
Spirt, 149. 
Spittalhouse, 170. 
Spittel, 122. 
Spittle, 122, 122. 
Spitz, 176. 
Spix, 254. 
Splane, 249. 
Spleen, 6Q, 122. 
Splint, 227. 
Spokes, 212. 
Spokesfield, 249. 
Sponier, 62. 
Spooner, 23. 



Spoor, 249. 
Sportes, 217. 
Spose, 90. 
Spotts, 25, 166. 
Spradlin, 80. 
Sprague, 249. 
Sprake, 253. 
Sprat, 120, 120. 
Spratt, 120. 
Spray, 133. 
Spread, 79. 
Sprigg, 140. 
Sprigge, 140. 
Spriggs, 140. 
Sprigman, 140. 
Spring, 2, 154. 
Springall, 249, 251. 
Springer, 75. 
Springfield, 97. 
Springman, 76. 
Springoll, 249. 
Sproat, 34, 249. 
Sprole, 34. 
Sproul, 249. 
Sproule, 249. 
Sprout, 140. 
Sprowel, 249. 
Sprowl, 34. 

Spry, 71, 75, 76, 76, 77. 
Spurgeon, 39. 
Spurgin, 249. 
Spurr, 212. 
Spurrer, 213. 
Squamong, 253. 
Squib, 150. 
Squibb, 150. 
Squier, 199. 
Squire, 199. 
Squirrel, 108, 109. 
Staab, 218. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



363 



Stabb, 220. 
Stabbs, 218. 
Stable, 169. 
Stabler, 203, 212. 
Stables, 169. 
Stack, 141, 141. 
Stackhouse, 169, 170, 170. 
Stackpole, 17, 141. 
Stack well, 141. 
Staff, 207. 
Stage, 213, 214. 
Stager, 213, 214. 
Stagers, 226. 
Stagg, 107, 111.* 
Staggs, 111. 
Staigg, 107. 
Stain, 165, 166. 
Stainburn, 166. 
Stainer, 202. 
Staines, 165, 202. 
Stair, 173. x 

Stairbird, 174, 197. 
Stairs, 172, 173. 
Stake, 215, 215. 
Stakely, 215. 
Stakem, 215. 
Staker, 215, 215. 
Stalker, 38, 75, 77. 
Stall, 199, 212, 214. 
Stallion, 111. 
Stallman, 213, 214. . 
Stamer, 84. 
Stamers, 85. 
Stammers, 83. 
Stamp, 67, 184. 
Stamper, 77. 
Stampinbell, 163. 
Stanback, 76, 77. 



Standfast, 60, 235. 
Standing, 26. 
Standish, 25, 179. 
Standring, 93. 
Stank, 123. 
Stantial, 249. 
Stanyan, 249. 
Staple, 31, 207. 
Staples, 31, 207. 
Star, 48. 
Starbird, 197. 
Starboard, 197. 
Stare, 87. 
Stares, 87. 
Starin, 84. 
Starkweather, 249. 
Starling, 113, 117. 
Starlings, 113. 
Starr, 48. 
Starrs, 48. 
Start, 75, 76. 
Starter, 76. 
State, 99. 
States, 98, 99. 
Stayers, 171. 
Stayman, 76. 
Stead, 253. 
Steal, 73. 
Stealin, 74. 
Stearling, 107. 
Stearly, 108. 
Stearman, 197, 214. 
Steed, 111, 125. 
Steedman, 212. 
Steel, 27. 
Steelman, 195. 
Steeper, 81. 
Steeple, 170. 



John Gazelle was admitted a patient at the Hospital in Boston, July, 1858. 



364 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Steepleton, 170, 249. 
Steer, 107. 
Steerling, 107. 
Steers, 214. 
Steinschneider, 33. 
Stem, 141. 
Stemfly, 124. 
Stemler, 249. 
Stemmer, 78. 
Stent, 160. 
Stephen, 235. 
Stephenson, 237. 
Stepp, 76. 

Steptoe, 164, 164, 164. 
Sterling, 191. 
Stern, 198. 
Sterne, 196, 198. 
Sternhold, 198. 
Steugel, 249. 
Stevens, 237. 
Stevenson, 237. 
Stewart, 200. 
Stick, 140, 141. 
Stickle, 61, 70. 
Stickler, 223. 
Stickman, 141. 
Stickney, 18. 
Sties, 7. 
Stiff, 83. 
Stiffens, 83. 
Stileman, 171. 
Stiles, 171, 173, 185. 
Stilfin, 249. 
Still, 71. 
Stille, 71. 
Stiller, 71. 
Stillings, 71. 
Stillman, 71. 
Stillwagon, 213. 
Stillwell, 228. 



Stinchfield, 123. 

Stinchman, 123. 

Sting, 68. 

Stingall, 68. 

Stinger, 68. 

Stintion, 249. 

Stirt, 253. 

Stitch, 101, 101. 

Stitt, 249. 

Stive, 150. 

Stiver, 191, 191. 

Stivers, 76, 191. 

St. John, 244. 

Stock, 104, 106. 

Stockbridge, 97. 

Stocking* 102, 105. 

Stockinger, 105. 

Stockings, 105. 

Stockman, 203. 

Stocks, 33, 106. 

Stockwell, 192. 

Stoeher, 169. 

Stohl, 74. 

Stokes, 249, 253, 265. 

Stone, 127, 175. 

Stoneall, 129. 

Stonebridge, 242. 

Stonehouse, 168. 

Stoneman, 175. 

Stones, 129, 132. 

Stoney, 69, 129. 

Stonhouse, 168. 

Stoodly, 253. 

Stoops, 83. 

Stopp, 76. 

Stopps, 185. 

Stops, 77. 

Storck, 117. 

Stork, 117, 117, 118, 118. 

Storke, 113, 125. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



365 



Storks, 117, 118. 
Storm, 147, 148, 148. 
Storms, 147, 148. 
Story, 171. 
Stout, 83. 
Stove, 176. 
Stowers, 169. 
Strachatinistry, 11. 
Strachm, 75. 
Strack, 249. 
Strada, 178. 
Stradling, 77. 
Straight, 83. 
Strain, 86. 
Straine, 249. 
Strale, 249. 
Stramm, 77. 
Strand, 133. 
Strane, 86. 
Strange, 60. 
Stranger, 92. 
Strangeways, 62. 
Stratford, 97. 
Strauss, 249. 
Straw, 138, 145. 
Stray, 264. 
Stray line, 210. 
Streaker, 76. 
Streek, 25. 
Street, 178. 
Streights, 135. 
Strength, 242. 
Stretch, 75. 
Stretten, 253. 
Strickenback, 83. 
Stride, 75. 
Strike, 222. 
Striker, 222, 222, 223. 
String, 210. 
Stringer, 103. 



Stringfellow, 65. 

Strip, 104, 222. 

Stroble, 249, 253, 265. 

Stroelin, 249. 

Strokes, 223. 

Strong, 79. 

Strongman, 80. 

Struble, ^49. 

Struck, 222. 

Strucke, 222. 

Strutt, 71. 

Stryker, 222, 223, 223. 

Strype, 222, 224. 

Stubb, 141. 

Stubbings, 141. 

Stubblefield, 129. 

Stubbles, 140. 

Stubbs/76, 141,249. 

Stuck, 25. 

Stump, 140, 141, 141. 

Stumpf, 140. 

Stun, 222, 223. 

Stunt, 82. 

Sturdy, 80. 

Sturgeon, 120,120,121, 121. 

Sturn, 198. 

Sturt, 33. 

Style, 184, 185. 

Styles, 185. 

Styx, 96. 

Suares, 31. 

Such, 183. 

Suck, 90. 

Suckley, 91. 

Suckling, 94. 

Sudden, 79. 

Sudergreen, 249. 

Sue, 55, 188. 

Sues, 54. 

Suet, 209. 



366 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Suett, 209. 


Swabb, 249. 


Sugar, 207. 


Swadkins, 249. 


Sugden, 250. 


Swadlin, 94. 


Sughrue, 249. 


Swail, 177. 


Suit, 265. 


Swaill, 250. 


Sukey, 56. 


Swaine, 90. 


Sulkie, 67. 


Swale, 177. 


Sulley, 166. 


Swallow, 113. 


Sully, 166. 


Swan, 113. 


Sumbrado, 253. 


Swap, 41. 


Sumfleth, 249. 


Swares, 234. 


Summ, 191. 


Swartwout, 259. 


Summer, 154, 154. 


Swayne, 90, 91. 


Summerfield, 154. 


Sweat, 26. 


Summerhays, 154. 


Sweating, 26. 


Summers, 154. 


Sweatman, 227. 


Summersett, 76. 


Sweet, 66. 


Summit, 131. 


Sweetapple, 142. 


Summons, 187. 


Sweeten, 67. 


Sumner, 186. 


Sweetland, 127, 249 


Sumpter, 249. 


Sweetlin, 66, 249. 


Sunday, 156. 


Sweetman, 66. 


Sundy, 156. 


Sweetlin, 66. 


Sunken, 74. 


Swein, 7. 


Sunks, 31. 


Swell, 73. 


Sunley, 132. 


Swett, 26. 


Sunrise, 2, 157. 


S wetting, 26. 


Super, 74. 


Swift, 75. 


Supple, 38, 83. 


Swiger, 230. 


Surcomb, 253. 


Swigert, 230. 


Surgeon, 226. 


Swigg, 229. 


Surges, 267. 


Swillaway, 7. 


Surnam, 99. 


Swilling, 7. 


Surpluss, 267. 


Swindell, 189. 


Surrage, 253. 


Swindle, 189. 


Susand, 56. 


Swiney, 7. 


Suter, 90. 


Swing, 176. 


Sutor, 203. 


Swisher, 34. 


Suttle, 187. 


Switch, 214. 


Swab, 147. 


Switchell, 34. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



367 



Switzer, 95. 
Swope, 34, 41. 
Sword, 218. 
Swords, 218, 220. 
Sworn, 233. 
Sjckelmore, 138. 
Sydle, 86. 
Sye, 10, 69. 
Sylveira, 249. 
Sym, 10. 
Synderland, 253. 
Synge, 59, 150, 151, 
Syntax, 184. 
Sypher, 182. 
Syster, 92. 
Sythe, 179. 
Syz, 10, 92. 

Tabb, 17, 108, 125. 
Tabele, 176. 
, Taber, 162. 
Tacitus, 72. 
Tack, 211. 
Tackaberry, 140. 
Tacke, 198. 
Tackle, 212. 
Tackman, 198. 
Tacy, 249. 
Taft, 19. 
Tag, 77. 
Tagg, 76. 
Tailer, 203. 
Tainter, 122. 
Tait, 249. 
Tak, 8, 207. 
Talboys, 80. 
Talby, 253. 
Tallant, 60. 
Talley, 214, 215. 
Talliaferro, 243. 



Tallmadge, 55. 
Tallman, 79. 
Tally, 214. 
Talon, 122, 123. 
Tamborine, 163. 
Tame, 70. 
Tancock, 114. 
Taney, 165. 
Tank, 26, 179. 
Tann, 207. 
Tanner, 203, 204. 
Tanny, 205. 
Tansey, 142, 227. 
Tapley, 228. 
Tapp, 38. 
Tapper, 229, 230. 
Tappy, 230. 
Tarbox, 151. 
Tardy, 76, 76. 
Tare, 144. 
Tares, 145. 
Target, 218. 
Tarn, 253. 
Tarne, 133. 
Tarp, 249. 
Tarr, 150. 
Tarry, 77. 
Tart, 67, 208. 
Tartar, 98. 
Tarter, 98. 
Tartor, 98. 
Tasker, 50. 
Tasso, 37. 
Tate, 37, 253. , 
Tatrow, 249. 
Tattersall, 103. 
Tattle, 72, 73. 
Tattler, 72. 
Tauler, 82. 
Tauney, 165. 



368 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Taunt, 222. 
Taverner, 228. 
Tawley, 253. 
Tay, 8. 
Taylor, 203. 
Taytasac, 249. 
Teachem, 185. 
Teachout, 185. 
Tead, 253. 
Teal, 113. 
Teamoh, 249. 
Tear, 67, 68, 69. 
Teare, 69. 
Teary, 67. 
Teas, 68. 
Tease, 66, 67, 68. 
Teather, 179. 
Teats, 51. 
Ted, 8. 
Teear, 69. 
Teel, 113. 
Teele, 113. 
Tees, 68. 
Teese, 68. 
Teeth, 52. 
Tefft, 253. 
Teh, 10. 
Teler, 204. 
Tell, 72, 72, 264. 
Teller, 72, 73, 204. 
Telling, 72. 
Tello, 72. 
Telton, 249. 
Teltow, 249. . 
Temel, 249. 
Tempest, 148, 148. 
Temple, 168. 
Templeman, 199. 
Ten, 159. 
Tenant, 24, 25. 



Tench, 120. 
Tendrill, 140. 
Tener, 163. 
Tenneman, 158. 
Tennent, 25. 
Tennis, 217. 
Tent, 218. 
Terace, 132. 
Terra, 127. 
Terrier, 109. 
Test, 183, 183. 
Teste, 187. 
Tetherly, 253. 
Tetley, 90. 
Tette, 51. 
Tettey, 51. 
Teufel, 109. 
Tevein, 249. 
Tew, 8, 158. 
Tewksbury, 97. 
Thackara, 37. 
Thaine, 200. 
Thais, 56. 
Thalberg, 30. 
Thaler, 190. 
Thatcher, 203. 
Thaw, 149. 
Thick, 88. 
Thickbroom, 176. 
Thickpesse, 79. 
Thickstone, 130. 
Thin, 88. 
Thing, 98. 
Third, 159. 
Thissell, 138. 
Thistle, 145. 
Thistledon, 145. 
Thistlewood, 131, 144. 
Thorn, 235. 
Thomas, 13, 235. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



369 



Thompson, 237. 
Thorn, 138. 
Thorndike, 138, 239. 
Thorne, 138. 
Thornton, 138. 
Thorogood, 58. 
Thorowgood, 58. 
Thrall, 50. 
Thrash, 223. 
Thrasher, 119, 223. 
Thredder, 104. 
Threehouse, 169. 
Threeneedle, 158. 
Thresher, 222, 223. 
Thrift, 192. 
Throne, 199. 
Throop, 249. 
Thrush, 117, 117, 118. 
Thruston, 70. 
Thrustout, 221. 
Thughness, 249. 
Thum, 51, 53. 
Thumra, 51, 53. 
Thunder, 148, 148, 149. 
Thuolt, 243. 
Thursday, 156. 
Thus, 232. 
Thynne, 264. 
Tickell, 69. 
Tid, 8. 
Tidball, 251. 
Tidmarsh, 20, 240. 
Tidy, 73, 85. 
Tiedeman, 85. 
Tiemann, 28. 
Tier, 99. 
Tiers, 99. 
Tiffen, 229. 
Tiffin, 229. 
Tiffs, 229. 



Tift, 228. 
Tiger, 109, 111. 
Tigh, 27. 
Tighe, 27. 
Tight, 194. 
Till, 190. 
Tillet, 27. 
Tillock, 249. 
Tilt, 218. 
Timber, 171. 
Timbers, 173. 
Timeslow, 79. 
Timewell, 79. 
Timmins, 249. 
Tims, 236. 
Timson, 237. 
Tinbrooks, 133. 
Tingle, 223, 228. 
Tingleman, 223. 
Tingley, 223. 
Tink, 245. 
Tinker, 203. 
Tinkham, 249. 
Tinklepaugh, 163. 
Tinline, 205. ■ 
Tinney, 175, 206. 
Tinsman, 206. 
Tipper, 23, 23. 
Tippet, 101. 
Tippett, 103. 
Tippin, 23. 
Tipping, 23. 
Tippit, 104. 
Tipple, 229, 230. 
Tippling, 229. 
Tite, 194. 
Title, 187. 
Titt, 113, 117. 
Tittell, 42. 
Tittle, 42. 



47 



370 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Tittman, 117. 
Titus, 36, 235, 249. 
Toad, 125. 
Toal, 36. 
Tobey, 236, 249. 
Tobias, 235, 236. 
Tobie, 236. 
Tochterman, 90. 
Tod, 107. 
Todhunter, 214. 
Todt, 5. 
Todtleben, 4. 
Toe, 52. 
Toel, 249. 
Toe water, 51. 
Tole, 36. 
Tolefree, 35. 
Toler, 43. 
Toll, 35, 36. 
Tolls, 36. 
Tolman, 203. 
Tomb, 5. 
Tombs, 4. 
Tomes, 183, 185. 
Tomlin, 253. 
Tone, 163. 
Toner, 162. 
Tong, 27. 
Tongue, 51. 
Tonkin, 253. 
Tonks, 249. 
Toodle, 253. 
Toogood, 58. 
Tool, 179, 207. 
Toole, 179, 179, 180. 
Toomer, 27. 
Toomey, 4. 
Toon, 163. 
Toote, 163. 
Tooth, 52. 



Toothaker, 228. 
Tope, 249. 
Toplady, 32, 200. 
. Topleaf, 138. 
Topp, 216. ' 
Topping, 64. 
Torquatus, 100. 
Tosspot, 330. 
Tothell, 253. 
Totman, 249. 
Tottie, 82. 
Touch, 88. 
Tough, 81. 
Tounsend, 240. 
Tourney, 217. 
Tourtelotte, 11. 
Toward, 76. 
Tower, 168. 
Towgood, 58. 
Town, 168. 
Towne, 14, 168. 
Toy, 8, 207, 216. 
Toyl, 205. 
Tozer, 51. 
Trace, 213. 
Trader, 197. 

Traill, 75, 249, 253, 265. 
Train, 214, 214, 218. 
Trainer, 218. 
Tramp, 76. 
Trapman, 111. 
Trapp, 111. 
Trash, 45. 
Traum, 26. 
Travell, 75, 77. 
Traveller, 212. 
Travers, 188, 249. 
Traverse, 186. 
Travis, 249. 
Tray, 107, 176. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



371 



Treacher, 33. 

Treadaway, 164, 164, 164. 

Treadgold, 191. 

Treadwell, 75. 

Treasure, 194. 

Treasurer, 194. 

Treat, 22. 

Trebilcock, 115. 

Treble, 158. 

Treblecock, 114. 

Tree, 136, 136. 

Trees, 136. 

Tremble, 71. 

Trembley, 71. 

Trench, 31. 

Trenckle, 249. 

Trescott, 249. 

Tress, 53. 

Treter, 230. 

Treuckle, 249. 

Trevett, 176. 

Trew, 62. 

Trewin, 253. 

Tribbel, 159. 

Tribble, 158, 249. 

Triblecock, 115. 

Trick, 189. 

Tricker, 189. 

Trickey, 189. 

Trier, 62. 

Trigg, 73, 85. 

Trigge, 84. 

Triggs, 249. 

Trill, 162. 

Trim, 83. 

Trimble, 71. 

Trimm, 83. 



Trimmer, 105.* 
Trinkle, 149. 
Triol, 188. 
Trip, 75. 
Tripe, 123, 123. 
Triphook, 31. 
Triplett, 35. 
Tripp, 75. 
Trippet, 75. 
Trist, 67. 
Trister, 61. 
Tristram, 235. 
Triter, 61. 
Trivett, 251. 
Trodden, 70. 
Trollope, 58, 59. 
Troop, 98, 219. 
Trope, 185. 
Troplong, 82. 
Troth, 90. 
Trott, 30, 75. 
Trotter, 75. 
Trottman, 77. 
Troup, 98, 219. 
Trouse, 222. 
Trout, 119, 120. 
Troutbeck, 119, 239. 
Troutt, 120. 
Trowell, 209. 
Troy, 97. 
Truan, 253. 
Truant, 185. 
Truce, 219. 
Truckless, 213. 
Trucks, 213. 
True, 60. 
Trueblood, 266. 



* There is, in Rochester, N.Y., a firm of " Angle and Trimmer, Attorneys and 
Counsellors." 



372 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Truefitt, 104, 104. 
Truelove, 91, 92. 
Trueman, 60. 
Truesdale, 253. 
Trueworthy, 60. 
Trukell, 249. 
Trull, 39. 
Trulock, 174. 
Truly, 232. 
Truman, 60. 
Trump, 215. 
Trumper, 215, 216. 
Trumpp, 214, 215. 
Trumpy, 214. 
Truss, 227. 
Trussell, 249. 
Trust, 73. 
Trusty, 74. 
Try, 232. 
Tryday, 156. 
Trye, 59. 
Tryon, 100. 
Tryst, 93. 
Tub, 209. 
Tubbs, 19, 179. 
Tubman, 200, 203. 
Tuck, 176. 
Tucker, 203. 
Tuckerman, 15, 203. 
Tuck well, 176. 
Tudman, 253. 
Tudor, 36. 
Tuells, 8, 159. 
Tuff, 81. 
Tuffnayle, 50. 
Tuft, 141. 
Tufts, 140. 
Tuggy, 78. 
Tugnot, 78. 
Tugwell, 78, 78. 



Tuig, 249. 
Tulip, 145. 
Tully, 37, 37. 
Turner, 226. 
Tumpalty, 85. 
Tumplety, 85. 
Tune, 164. 
Tung, 51. 
Tunis, 98. • 
Tunks, 249. 
Tunnicliff, 249. 
Turbat, 119. 
Turbet, 120. 
Turk, 23, 95, 174. 
Turn, 245. 
Turnbull, 87. 
Turner, 203. 
Turning, 65. 
Turnipseed, 243. 
Turns, 105. 
Turnure, 105. 
Turtell, 119. 
Turtle, 120. 
Tute, 162. 
Tuten, 162. 
Tutt, 234. 
Tutty, 234. 
Tuype, 185. 
Twaddell, 61, 73. 
Twaddle, 61, 73. 
Tway, 158, 159. 
Tweed, 96. 
Tweedle, 42. 
Tweedy, 96. 
Twelve, 158. 
Twelves, 158. 
Twentyman, 158. 
Twice, 159. 
Twigg, 138, 139, 140. 
Twiggs, 138, 139. 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



373 



Twilight, 156. 
Twiname, 158. 
Twine, 207, 210. 
Twiner, 33. 
Twining, 19, 249. 
Twiss, 249. 
Twist, 27. 
Twitchell, 34. 
Twitcher, 88. 
Twitchings, 226. 
Twitchwell, 78. 
Twogood, 57. 
Twohig, 158. 
Twohy, 22. 
Twopenny, 191. 
Twose, 158. 
Twycross, 249. 
Twylight, 157. 
Twynihoe, 33. 
Tye, 8, 27. 
Tying, 27, 
Tyler, 203. 
Tylls, 190. 
Tynte, 165. 
Tyre, 97. 

Tyte> 192, 193, 194. 
Tyus, 28. 
Tyzzer, 249. 

Uch, 10. 
Udrink, 231. 
Udy, 10. 
Ugly, 88. 
Uhl, 9. 
Ulier, 64. 
Ulm, 10. 
Ulp, 10. 
tJna, 10. 
Unbehin, 250. 
Underfinger, 85. 



Underhay, 253. 
Underhill, 127, 239. 
Underwood, 127, 239. 
Unett, 158. 
Unger, 21. 
Unit, 159. 
Unn, 10. 
Unruh, 71. 
Unwin, 216. 
Unz, 10. 
Upper, 81, 158. 
Ure, 8, 9, 10, 10. 
Uriah, 236. 
Uricoechea, 34. 
Urin, 123. 
Usher, 183, 200. 
Utt, 10. 
Utter, 73, 185. 
Utz, 10. 

Vail, 102, 127. 
Vaill, 102. 
Val, 9. 
Vale, 127. 
Valentine, 90. 
Vallee, 127. 
Vallet, 200. 
Valley, 131. 
Valliant, 221. 
Valory, 219. 
Value, 73, 74. 
Van, 213. 
Vanbushirk, 253. 
Vandall, 95. 
Vandeleer, 254. 
Vanderhoof, 122. 
Vanderslice, 249. 
Vane, 152, 152. 
Vanear, 171. 
Vanella, 144. 



374 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Vanhattem, 33. 
Van Oven, 172. 
Van Rensselaer, 240. 
Vans, 249. 
Vansickle, 180. 
Vantassle, 102. 
Vanvoorkis, 254. 
Vanwinkle, 29. 
Vanwinkler, 29. 
Varro, 88. 
Vary, 182. 
Vassal, 50. 
Vast, 201. 
Vatas, 33. 
Vaughan, 81. 
Vaux, 254. 
Veacock, 114. 
Veager, 249. 
Veal, 107, 242. 
Veber, 249. 
Veer, 197. 
Veil, 102. 
Veiller, 73. 
Venn, 253. 
Venner, 253. 
Vension, 108. 
Vent, 26. 
Venter, 51. 
Ventress, 51. 
Verge, 160. 
Vergoose, 45. 
Verity, 24. 
Vermilye, 166. 
Vernal, 154. 
Verplank, 171. 
Versey, 185. 
Vertue, 73. 
Very, 42, 43. 
Vesper, 157, 157. 
Vespre, 157. 



Vessel, 196. 
Vessels, 197. 
Vest, 38, 104, 245. 
Vesterman, 199. 
Vesty, 102. 
Vetch, 144. 
Vey, 10. 
Vghl, 44. 
Viall, 179. 
Vibert, 253. 
Vice, 73, 73, 73. 
Vickars, 201. 
Victor, 221. 
Victorine, 102. 
Victorson, 221. 
Victory, 221. 
Viers, 253. 
Vietz, 249. 
Vieuxteraps, 94. 
Vifven, 254. 
Vigilante, 26. 
Vigkle, 249. 
Vigor, 228. 
Village, 168. 
Vine, 140, 141. 
Vinebush, 144. 
Vinegar, 241. 
Vines, 140. 
Viney, 141, 143: 
Vinger, 53. 
Vinter, 206. 
Vinyard, 131. 
Violet, 145, 165. 
Vipen, 249. 
Virgil, 37. 
Virgin, 54. 
Virginia, 95. 
Virginius, 89. 
Virgo, 54, 5Q. 
Virtue, 57, 58, 73, 74. 



:ndex of surnames. 



875 



VisaU, 249. 
Viscount, 198. 
Vittum, 249. 
Vitty, 249. 
Vitus, 226. 
Vivian, 236. 
Vizard, 38. 
Vogel, 113. 
Volk, 249. 
Volta, 258. 
Voltaire, 37. 
Voltz, 254. 
Von Hammer, 179. 
Vose, 7. 
Voter, 98. 
Vought, 249. 
Voy, 10. 
Vryling, 254. 

Wacker, 222. 

Wadd, 221. 

Waddell, 78, 78. 

Waddle, 78, 78. 

Waddy, 220. 

Wade, 133. 

Wadland, 254. 

Wadleigh, 78. 

Wadlin, 78. 

Wads worth, 242. 

Wady, 133. 

Wafer, 183. 

Wager, 215, 215, 216, 216. 

Waggaman, 68. 

Wagget, 249. 

Waggoner, 205. 

Wagit, 214. 

Wagless, 68. 

Wagoner, 203. 

Wagonseller, 204. 

Wagstaff, 141, 222. 



Wail, 66.' 

Wailer, 69. 

Wails, 68. 

Wain, 179, 212. 

Waine, 212. 

Wainwright, 203. 

Waiscot, 102. 

Waist, 50. 

Waitt, 75. 

Wake, 26, 26. 

Wakefield, 128. 

Wakely, 26. 

Wakeman, 26, 26, 70. 

Waker, 26. 

Wakes, 26. 

Wakeum, 26. 

Wakum, 26. 

Walbridge, 178. 

Waldgrave, 199. 

Walduck, 117. 

Waldvogel, 117. 
Wale, 120. 
Wales, 95. . 
Walk, 77. 
Walke, 75, 77. 
Walker, 19, 75. 
Walkman, 254. 
Walko, 249. 
Walkup, 75, 265. 
Wall, 171, 172, 174. 
Wallace, 37. 
Wallach, 95. 
Wallack, 95. 
Walley, 239. 
W T allop, 222, 223. 
Wallowbury, 7. 
Wallower, 7. 
Wallrapp, 23. 
Wallraven, 118. 
Walls, 173. 



376 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Wallwork, 173. 
Walnut, 137, 138. 
Walpole, 140. 
Walter, 236. 
Waltz, 164, 164. 
Walz, 164. 
Warn pas, 254. 
Wand, 199. 
Wandelip, 84. 
Wander, 74, 75. 
Wanless, 81. 
Wanmaker, 80. 
Wanner, 80, 81. 
Want, 21, 21. 
Wantman, 21. 
Wanton, 39. 
Wants, 21. 
Wappers, 65. 
Ward, 92, 168. 
Warden, 199. 
Warder, 220. 
Wardrobe, 103, 104, 106. 
Wardwell, 221. 
Ware, 207, 232. 
Wares, 179, 205. 
Warfield, 218. 
Warley, 220. 
Warloch, 48. 
Warn, 186. 
Warner, 186. 
Warning, 186. 
Warr, 218. 
Warrant, 187, 188. 
Warren, 108. 
Warry, 220, 221. 
Warsawer, 98. 
Warse, 250. 
Warshaw, 249. 
Warshing, 250. 
Wart, 226, 226. 



Wartman, 226. 
Warts, 226. 
Warty, 226. 
Wase, 254. 
Wasgatt, 249. 
Wash, 133, 148. 
Washburn, 239. 
Washer, 147, 203. 
Washman, 148. 
Washmore, 148. 
Wasp, 124. 
Wass, 249. 
Wasserman, 204. 
Wasson, 254. 
Waste, 193. 
Watchhorn, 26. 
Water, 132, 134. 
Waterfall, 134. 
Waterhair, 51. 
Waterhouse, 168. 
Waterland, 129. 
Waterman, 203. 
Waters, 133. 
Waterstone, 30. 
Waterworks, 134. 
Watgig, 212. 
Wating, 75. 
Watker, 249. 
Watrous, 134. 
Watt, 232. 
Watters, 33. 
Wattle, 122. 
Wattles, 116, 250. 
Wax, 8, 25, 183. 
Waxman, 87. 
Way, 8, 178. 
Wayland, 127. 
Wead, 143. 
Weager, 254. 
Weak, 81. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



377 



Weakley, 81. 
Weale, 222, 254. 
Weand, 94. 
Wear, 103, 105. 
Weare, 254. 
Wearey, 103. 
Wears, 19. 
Weasel, 108. 
Weatherbee, 124. 
Weatherhead, 65. 
Weatherly, 147. 
Weatherspoon, 149. 
Weatherwax, 147, 249. 
Weaver, 203. 
Weavill, 124. 
Webb, 124, 243. 
Webber, 203. 
Webster, 203. 
Wedburg, 254. 
Wedd, 92. 
Wedge, 27, 207. . 
Wedgewood, 138, 176. 
Wedin, 249. 
Wedlock, 91, 92. 
Weed, 142, 143. 
Weeden, 144. 
Weekley, 154. 
Weekly, 154. 
Weekman, 80. 
Weeks, 155. 
Weeman, 81. 
Wees, 87. 
Weese, 87. 
Wefer, 249. 
Wehle, 241. 
Weibrecht, 55. 
Weight, 73. 
Weightman, 80,- 80. ' 
Weil, 250. 
Weiler, 250. 



Weill, 250. 
Wein, 230. 
Weinbeer, 30. 
Weiner, 230. 
Weiners, 230. 
Weingartner, 230. 
Weinland, 127. 
Weinman, 230. 
Weins, 249. 
Weinstock, 230. 
Weintz, 249. 
Weir, 119. 
Weisbrod, 208. 
Weiser, 62. 
Weisgaber, 72. 
Weisheit, 62. 
Weiskopf, 62. 
Weisman, 62. 
Weismann, 62. 
Weissbein, 50. 
Wei, 228. 
Welbank, 132. 
Welchman, 95. 
Welcombe, 42. 
Weld, 207. 
Welding, 208. 
Weldon, 234. 
Well, 227. 
Wellbank, 132^ 
Wellbeloved, 59. 
Weiler, 228, 267. 
Wellman, 227. 
Wellock, 249. 
Wells, 133. 
Welp, 110. 
Welpley, 107. 
Welps, 110. 
Welsh, 95. 
Welstood, 77. 
Wenbane, 225. 



4S 



378 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Weney, 250. 
Wenige, 81. 
Weniger, 241. 
Wenman, 226. 
Wenning, 226. 
Went, 77. 
Wentz, 249. 
Werdall, 254. 
Wesburg, 249. 
Wescott, 102. 
Wesley, 152. 
Wessel, 198. 
Wessell, 197, 198. 
Wessells, 197, 198. 
Wessels, 197, 198. 
West, 152, 152. 
Westell, 152, 152. 
Westbrook, 152, 152. 
Westbroom, 153. 
Westcoat, 102. 
Wester, 152. 
Westerfield, 152. 
Westerman, 152. 
Western, 152. 
Westfall, 153. 
Westfield, 153. 
Westgate, 152, 240, 265. 
Westlake, 153, 265. 
Westland, 152. 
Westman, 152, 153. 
Westmoreland, 97. 
Weston, 97. 
Westwood, 153. 
Wetmore, 148. 
Wetts, 160. 
Wewer, 91. 
Wex, 10, 10. 
Wey, 8, 10, 209. 
Weyman, 209. 
Weymouth, 97, 97. 



Whaines, 202, 249. 
Whains, 212. 
Whale, 119, 120. 
Whalen, 222. 
Whales, 120. 
Whaley, 120. 
Whall, 171. 
Wharf, 197. 
Wharm, 151. 
Whatman, 232. 
Wheat, 7, 144. 
Wheatcroft, 128. 
Wheatland, 128. 
Wheatly, 144. 
Wheatstone, 145. 
Whedbee, 124. 
Wheeler, 203. 
Wheeling, 98. 
Wheelwright, 203. 
Whelpley, 107, 110. 
Whelps, 110. 
Wheples, 249. 
Wherty, 249. 
Whetstone, 193. 
Whetter, 147. 
Whicher, 249. 
Whidden, 249. 
Whip, 223. 
Whipp, 213, 223. 
Whippen, 222. 
Whipperman, 266. 
Whippey, 223. 
Whipping, 222. 
Whippo, 254. 
Whiskeyman, 230. 
Whist, 216. 
Whistler, 87. 
Whiston, 34. 
Whistpot, 215. 
Whitaker, 166. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



379 



Whitbread, 167, 208, 208. 
Whitcher, 249. 
Whitcraft, 62. 
White, 165, 166. 
Whiteall, 167. 
Whiteberry, 167. 
Whitebread, 208. 
Whitecar, 214. 
Whitechurch, 166. 
Whitefield, 167. 
Whitefoot, 243, 245. 
Whitehead, 35, 86, 93, 94. 
Whiteheat, 150. 
Whitehill, 167. 
Whitehorn, 122, 167. 
Whitehorne, 122, 166, 167. 
Whitehouse, 166. 
Whitelaw, 226. 
Whitelocke, 94. 
Whitelow, 226. 
Whitely, 167. 
Whiteman, 166. 
Whitemarsh, 131. 
Whitenock, 167. 
Whiteside, 50, 86, 167. 
Whitesides, 83, 86. 
Whitest, 166. 
Whitewright, 167. 
Whiting, 119, 166, 207. 
Whitlaw, 226. 
Whitman, 166. 
Whitmarsh, 128. 
Whitten, 249. 
Whittier, 15, 249. 
Whittingham, 11, 254. 
Whittle, 40. 
Whittley, 40. 
Whitty, 59. 
Wholers, 249. 
Whorf, 133, 197. 



Whorff, 197. 
Whymper, 69. 
Whyms, 250. 
Whytall, 40. 
Wick, 177. 
Wicke, 177. 
Wickes, 177. 
Wicks, 177, 254. 
Wick ware, 177. 
Widders, 56. 
Widdifield, 128. 
Widdoes, 56. 
Widdow, 56. 
Widdows, 54. 
Wideman, 80. 
Widener, 80. 
Wider, 80. 
Widger, 249. 
Widgery, 249. 
Wie, 10. 
Wiekman, 80. 
Wier, 119, 207. 
Wife, 93. ' 
Wiffe, 29. 
Wigel, 78. 
Wigeman, 105. 
Wiget, 249. 
Wigfall, 104, 105. 
Wigg, 103, 106. 
Wiggans, 105. 
Wigger, 105. 
Wiggers, 105. 
Wiggin, 101, 102. 
Wiggins, 101. 
Wiggles, 78. 
Wigglesworth, 11, 78. 
Wight, 165. 
Wightman, 166. 
Wightwick, 33, 177. 
Wigle, 78, 78. 



380 



NDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Wigley, 102. 
Wigman, 104. 
Wigmore, 101, 104, 249. 
Wilboar, 107. 
Wilcock, 114. 
Wild, 71. 
Wilder, 71. 
Wildgoose, 46. 
Wildman, 58. 
Wile, 61. 
Wileman, 68. 
Wiley, 60. 
Wilhelm, 236. 
Wilhelmy, 236. 
Will, 70, 236, 236. 
Willcock, 114. 
Willey, 236. 
WiUhelm, 236. 
Williams, 237. 
Williamson, 237. 
Willing, 43, 66, 67. 
Willis, 15. 
Willows, 138. 
Wills, 100. 
Willwert, 249. 
Wilt, 70, 81, 83. 
Wily, 60. . 
Wimble, 254. 
Wimin, 56. 
Wimp, 105, 250. 
Winaus, 254. 
Winch, 207. 
Winchester, 97. 
Winck, 87. 
Wincup, 229. 
Wind, 148. 
Winde, 147. 
Winder, 43. 
Windle, 250. 
Window, 173. 



Windsor, 97. 
Windus, 254. 
Wine, 20. 
Winefield, 128. 
Winegar, 68, 210. 
Winegardner, 230. 
Winehart, 230. 
Wineman, 230. 
Wines, 14, 22, 230. 
Winestock, 230. 
Winfield, 129, 219. 
Wing, 6, 31. 
Winger, 251. 
Wingfield, 129. 
Wingrove, 129. 
Winker, 87. 
Winks, 87. 
Winlow, 215. 
Winmore, 215. 
Winn, 192, 214. 
Winneberger, 254. 
Winner, 215, 215. 
Winning, 215, 215. 
Winnington, 215. 
Winpenny, 215, 216. 
Winpress, 229. 
Winship, 219. 
Winshot, 216. 
Winslow, 214, 239. 
Winsor, 97. 
Winter, 2, 154, 155. 
Winterbottom, 154. 
Winterfield, 154. 
Winterflood, 154. 
Winterhalter, 169. 
Wintermute, 154. 
Winteroth, 154. 
Winters, 154, 154. 
Wintersmith, 154. 
Winthrop, 15, 239. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



381 



Wipen, 149. 
Wire, 210. 
Wireman, 210. 
Wires, 210. 
Wirm, 125. 
Wirth, 24, 249. 
Wisdom, 59, 62. 
Wise, 59, 62. 
Wisehead, 62, 94. 
Wiseman, 62. 
Wiser, 60. 
Wishman, 64. 
Wisker, 51. 
Wisler, 87. 
Wislicenus, 254. 
Wisman, 59. 
Wissel, 87. 
Wissler, 87. 
Wist, 215, 234. 
Wistler, 87. 
Witcraft, 61, 62. 
With, 232. 
Withcraft, 61. 
Wither, 83. 
Witherbee, 124. 
Withering, 83. 
Witheron, 226. 
Withers, 122. 
Witherspoon, 249. 
Witherup, 83. 
Witman, 59. 
Witmire, 131. 
Witt, 59. 
Wittewrong, 33. 
Wittle, 41. 
Wittnoon, 33. 
Witts, 62. 
Wix, 254. 
Wixon, 67. 
Woburn, 97. 



Wolf, 107. 

Wolfe, 109. 

Wolff, 107. 

Wolfinger, 53. 

Wolfram, 111. 

Wolfson, 107, 111. 

Woollenhaupt, 85. 

Wolper, 65. 

Wolpers, 65. 

Wolpper, 65. 

Wolsey, 207, 210- 

Wombwell, 227. 

Wonder, 40. 

Wood, 20, 20, 27, 136, 137, 150. 

Woodberry, 140. 

Woodbridge, 133, 239. 

Woodburn, 127. 

Woodcock, 114. 

Wooden, 60, 60. 

Woodfall, 136. 

Woodfin, 31. 

Woodford, 133. 

Woodfork, 22. 

Woodgate, 171, 173. 

Woodhead, 60. 

Woodhouse, 168. 

Woodhull, 198. 

Woodifield, 128. 

Woodland, 127, 131. 

Woodley, 136. 

Woodlief, 139. 

Woodlin, 133. 

Woodman, 203. 

Woodnot, 43. 

Woodroofe, 171. 

Woods, 136. 

Woodside, 127, 131. 

Woodson, 93. 

Woodsum, 249. 

Woodthrift, 195. 



382 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



Woodward, 138. 
Woody, 136. 
Woof, 210. 
Wool, 123, 207. 
Woolcocks, 207. 
Woolfield, 207. 
Woolfolk, 98. 
Woolhouse, 170. 
Woollen, 207. 
Woolley, 207, 207. 
Woolsey, 207. 
Woolly, 207. 
Woram, 105. 
Worcester, 97. 
Word, 185. 
Worde, 183. 
Wordsworth, 242. 
Worgan, 33. 
Work, 26, 205. 
Workey, 74. 
Workman, 200, 203. 
Worknot, 205. 
Works, 205, 205. 
World, 49. 
Wormall, 71. 
Worme, 125. 
Wormley, 124. 
Worms, 125. 
Wormstall, 125. 
Worm well, 71. 
Wormwood, 227. 
Worn, 70, 83, 105. 
Worst, 74. 
Wort, 226. 
Worth, 57, 57, 267. 
Worthley, 249. 
Worthman, 57. 
Worthy, 58. 
Worthy lake, 254. 
Wortman, 226. 



Worts, 123, 226. 
Wortt, 226. 
Wotherspoon, 179. 
Wragg, 26, 26. 
Wragge, 26. 
Wran, 77. 
Wrapp, 250. 
Wray, 254. 
Wreaks, 250. 
Wrely, 234. 
Wren, 113, 116. 
Wright, 202. 
Wrighter, 185. 
Wrigler, 78. 
Wrigley, 78, 78. 
Wrin, 250. 
Wrinkle, 87. 
Write, 183. 
Writmire, 187. 
Writt, 188. 
Wroth, 68. 
Wry ass, 110. 
Wrymill, 267. 
Wulgar, 88. 
Wunder, 62, 62. 
Wunderlich, 62. 
Wunderly, 62. 
Wunders, 40. 
Wunsch, 64. 
Wurm, 125. 
Wust, 250. 
Wye, 8, 96, 232. 
Wyer, 207. 
Wyeth, 138. 
Wyles, 186. 
Wynne, 214. 
Wyre, 207, 210. 
Wythe, 140. 

Yam, 9. 



INDEX OF SURNAMES. 



383 



Yard, 159, 160, 160. 

Yardley, 160, 160, 160. 

Yarnall, 32. 

Yaw, 9. 

Yea, 232. 

Yeaker, 250. 

Yeale, 254. 

Yeamans, 254, 254. 

Yearey, 154. 

Yearly, 154. 

Yeary, 154. 

Yell, 162. 

Yellow, 165. 

Yelpbot, 164. 

Yem, 9. 

Yenn, 254. 

Yeo, 8. 

Yeoman, 203, 204. 

Yeomans, 204. 

Yerxa, 250. 

Yesterday, 156. 

Yett, 232. 

Yhm, 10. 

Yielding, 70. 

Yoakum, 111. 

Yocom, 112. 

Yocum, 112. 

Yoe, 10. 



Yoke, 207. 
Yokem, 112. 
Yokom, 111. 
York, 97. 
You, 10. 
Youlen, 250. 
Young, 93. 
Youngblood, 24. 
Younger, 93. 
Younghusband, 91, 92. 
Younglove, 92. 
Youngman, 93. 
Younker, 93. 
Youring, 254. 
Yule, 155. 

Zah, 10. 
Zeal, 64. 
Zeh, 10. 
Zenn, 250. 
Zimmer, 172, 173. 
Zimmerman, 172, 173. 
Zink, 175. 
Zipp, 230. 
Zippill, 230. 
Zoll, 36. 
Zremm, 250. 
Zumgrunde, 254. 



Names of Towns, etc. 



p. 259. 



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