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Full text of "The Suffolk traveller"





3 1833 01941 4017 







Suffolk Traveller. 

Firft Publifhed 

By Mr. JOHN K I R B Y, 

Of W I C K H A M-M A R K E Tj 

Who took an actual Survey of the whole County-> 
In the Years 1732, 1733, and 1734. 


With many Alterations and large Additions, 
By Several Hands. 

L O N D O Ni 

Printed for J. S H A v E, at the Stationer's Arms In the 
Butter -Market^ Ipfuiichy and fold by T. Longman, 
in Pater-mjier Row, Londo?j. 



A L'ljl (?/ S U B r C R I B E R s. VJ|, 

lAr. Thomas Denny, of Eye. 

IVir. Dent, of Ipfwich. 

The Rev. Mr. Thomas D'Eye. . 

Nathaniel D'Eye, of Bungay, Qz^cA. 
i^Ambrofs Dickens, Efqv 
v^Mr. John Dobfon, ©f Ipfwich, Merchant* 
^The Rev. Mr. Dormer. 
-^^Mr. George Doughty, of Martlefham, 
X .The Rev. Mr. Fyn Dove. 
1 Peregrine D'Oyly, of Layham, Efq; 
■Mr, Thomas Thorowgood D'Oyley. 

Mr. Francis Drew, of Chetburgh. 

Mr. John May Dring, of Ipfwich, 
-' The Rev. Mr. Drury, of Claydon. 
• Ar^drev/ColteeDucarel, ofDo6lors-Commons,L.L.Di 
, John D'Urban, of Halefworth, M. D. 
\lVlr. John Dines Williiham. 

Mr. Francis Eagle. 

Mr. John Eafterfon, of Woodbridge. 

Mr. William Eaton, of Yarmouth, Bookfeller. 

Milefon Edgar, Efq; 
, Robert Edgar, Efq; 

Mifs Katherine Edgar, of IpfAvich. 

The Rev. Mr. Edge. 

Mr. John Edwards, of Baddingnam. 

'The Rev. Mr. William Ellifon, A. M. Mafter of Sidney 

^ Suffex College, and Vice- Chancellor of the 

Univerfity of Cambridge, 

Mr, Robert Elli'fton, fen. of Monks-Illeigh. 

Mr. Robert Ellifton, jun. of Monks-Illeigh. 
Mr. John Elfden, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. Thomas Emmerfon, of Coddenham. 

The Rev. Mr. Evans, Wortham. 

Capt. Fauquier. 

Mr. Thomas Feltwell, of Thetford. 

Thomas Fenn, of Sudbur)'-, Efq; 

John Fiftie, of Great Bromley, EiTex, Gent. 

Mr. John Field, of Ketr.leburgh. 

Capt. William Fielding, 

Mr; Robert Flamwell,"of Southwold. 

Thomas Fonnereau, of Ipfwich, Efq; Member of Par- 

ment for Sudbury, 
^ach. Phil. Fonnereau, Efq; Membei: of Parliament 

for Aldeburgh. Philip 

Vrii A Llji of Subscribers. 

Philip Fonnereau, Efq; Member of Parliament for Al-- 

Martin Fonnereau, of London, Efq; 
The Rev. Mr, Benjamin Foriter. 
The Rev. Mr. Thomas Forffer, of Halefworth. 
The Rev. Mr. Fowler, of Framlingham, Curate, 
Mr. John Freeman, of Rickinghall Superior. 
Mr. Henry Freeman, of Rickinghall Superior. 
The Rev. Mr. French, of Bury. 
Mr. Robert French, of Little Wenham. 
Shepard Frere, of Ba6ton, Efq; 

Mr. Thomas Fulcher, of Shottifham, Norf. Surgeon, 
Mr. Nathaniel Fuller, of Woodbridge. 

Mr* Henry -Gallant, of Ipfwich. 

The Rev. 'John Cole Gallaway, Mafter of the Free 

School at Botefdale. 
Mr. Charles Garneys, of Kenton. 
Mr. Warren Garnham, of Badwell-Afli, 
Mr. John Garnham, of ditto. 
Mr. Thomas Garrard, of Ipfwich. 
The Rev. Mr. Garrod, jun. 
Mr. John Gaudy, of Ipfwich. 
Mr. Thomas Gill, of Durham. 
Mr. Simon Girling, of Stradbrook. 
Mr. John Girling, of ditto. 
Mr. John Girling, of Bramford. 
R. G. Glanville,"of Ehnfet, Efq; 
Edward Goat, of Brent-Ilieigh, Efqj 
The Rev. Mr. Godfrey, of Bnnklcy, Cambr'dgcftiire, 
Mr. Robert Goldfbury, of Ipfwich. 
Mr. Bez. Gooch, of Homersfreld. 
Mr. Thomas Goodwyn, of Earl Soham, 
Mr. John Goodwyn, of Dennington. 
The Rev. Mr, Gordon, of Ipfwich. 
The Rev. Mr. Grant, of Foxearth. 
Air. John Gravenor, of Ipfwich. 
Mr. William Green, of Combs, 
Mr. John Green, of Bury. 
Mr. Roger Green, of Pentloe. 

Mr. Wifliam Green, of Bury, Bookfcller, 6 Copies, 
Jolhua Grigby, of Hornir.gfheath, Efq; 
The Rev. Mr. GrimwooJ, of Dcdham, 
Mr. Walter Gullifcr, of W itham, Attorney at Law. 


A Ll/l i?/" S U B S C R I B E R 5. "<} i 

The Plight Hon. Lord Spencer Hamilton. ] 

The Hon. Nicholas Herbert, of Great Glemham, ! 

The Rev. Mr. Haddick, of Brandon. \ 

Mr. John Hall, of Hadleigh, Attorney at Law. : 

Mr. Thomas Halftead, of Harwich. I 

Walden Hanmer, of Waldingfield, Efq; 

Mr. Hannah, of Norwich. 

Mr. Thomas Harbur, of Barton-Mills. " 

Robert Harland, of Sproughton, Efq; ;; 

Mr. William Harrington, ofMeifordj Draper^ . 

Mr. Canham Hart. < 

Mr. Hafell, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. Roger Hafted, of Bury. \ 

Thomas Havers, Efq; ' 

Mr. Richard Hawes, of Cavendifh, Surgeon. 

Mr. John Hawkins, of Stowmarket, Surgeon. 

The Rev. Mr. Haynes, of Ipfwich. \ 

John Hayward, of Mettingham-Caftle, Gent. ' 

The Rev. Mr. Heigham, of Walfham. \ 

Arthur Heigham, of Hunfton, Efq; \ 

Pell Heigham, of Bury, Efq; .^j 

The Rev. Mr. Hewett, of Nacfton. ] 

Mr. Edward Highmore, of Ufford, Attorney at Law, \ 

The Rev. Dr. Hill, of Buxhall. \ 

Mr. William Hines, of Beccles. > ' 

The Rev. Mr. Charles Hingefton. , 

Mr. John Hingefton. j 

Mr. Ezekiel Hitchcock, of Lavenham, \ 
Thomas Hodges, of Ipfwich, Efq; 
Captain Holingfworth. 

Mr. Thomas Holman, jun. of Rickinghall. ; 

The Rev. Mr. Holmes, of Emanuel Coll, Cambridge. j 

Mr. Holmes, of Stratford. j 
John Holmes of Bungay, Gent. 

Rowland Holt, Efq; one of the Knights of this Shire. j 

Thomas Holt, Efq; \ 
Mr. Edmund Horrox, of London. 
Mr. Tho. Hovel], of Mendlefham, Attorney at Law, 

Mr. WiUiam Hovell, jun. of Badwell-Afli. ! 

Mr. John Howell, of Walfham-le-Willows. •' 

Mr. Nathaniel Howlett, of Blaxhall. \ 

Tne Rev. Adr. Hubbard, of Emanuel College, Cam- \ 

bridge ' 

The Rev. Mr.Hudfon, of Ipfwich. ; 

Mr. Benjamin Hugman, of Halefworth. ; 

b Mr. . 

jc _ J LijJ of Subscriber sv 

Mr. Jacob, of Stow-upland. 

The Rev. Mr. Chriftopher Jeffreafon, of Melton. 

Edmui^d Jenney, of BredfieW, Efq; 

Mr. Edmund Jenjiey, of Bungay, Attorney at Law. 

The Rev. Mr. William Johnion, of Stradbrook. 

The Rev. Mr. Tho. Johnfon, of Wickham-market. 

Mr. Cna. Johnfon, of Saxmundham, Attorney atLaw. 

Mr. Johnfon, of Eilingham, Norfolk. 

Mr. Ralph Keable, of Beccles. 

William- Keddington, Efq; 

Mr. William K^ebJe. 

Mr. Jonathan Keer, of Framlingham. 

Mr. Keller, of Bury, Surgeon. 

Mr. Benjamin Keningale, of Chelfv/orth. 

John Kerrich, of Karlcfton, Efq; 

Mr. John Kerridge, of Ipfwich, Surgeon. 

Mr. W. Keymcf, of Colchefter, Bookftller, 2 Copies; 

Mr. John Kevmer, of Hadleigh. 

Mr. Samuel Kilderbee, of Ipfwich, Attorney at Law, 

Mr. John Kilderbee., of Framlingham. 

Mrs. King, of Belftead, 

Mr. William King, of Ipfwich, Merchant. 

Mr. James King, of ditto. 

Jofliua Kirby, Efq; Defigner in Perfpeflive to his Ma« 

jefty, 50 Copies. 
Mr. Wiljiam Kirby, of Witnefham, 2 Copies. 
Mr. John Kirbv, of Ipfwich, Attorney at Law. 
Mr. Lott Knight, of Ipfwich, Attorney at Law. 

^'he Rev. Mr. Lathbury, of Wefterfield. 

Mr. C. Laurence, of L^pper Grofvenor-ftreet, London, 

The Rev. Mr. Lawrence, of Akenham. 

John Lawton, Eiq; 

The R-ev. Mr. Layton, of Ipfwich. 

Matthew Lec^ Efq; 

The Rev. Mr. Leedes, of Woodbridge. 

Mr. Robert Lc Grice, of Beccles. 

The Rev.- Mr. Robert Leman, of Ellough. 

The Rev. Mr. Robert Leman, of Dcbcnham.r 

Mr. John Lemon, of Norwich. 

The Rev. Mr. Lewin, of Dcbenham. 

Pvlr. Richard Lifton, of Boxford. 

Mr. Richard Lifton, jun. of Groton. 

Mr. John Linflcad, of Woodbiiage. 


A LiJ} ^Subscribers. x% 

"Rich. Savage Lloyd, Efq; Member for Totnefs, Devoid 

Mrs. Sarah Lond, of cnfton-Hall, Norfolk. 

■Charles Long, Efq; oi Saxmundhara. 

Mrs, Long. 

Beefton Long, Efq; 

Samuel I/ong, Efq; 

Mr. Charles Long, o-f Saxmundham. 

Mr^ Dudley L&ng, of ditto. 

Mr. Thomas Longman, of London, Bookfellcf, 

The Rev. Mr. Lord, of Welnetham, 

Mr. Thomas Lork.in., of Aldham. 

The Rev. Mr. Lumpkin, of Grundifburgh. 

William Lynch, ojf ipfvvich, Efq; 

Mr. James Lynn, of Woodbridge, Surgeon, 2 Copies. 

Mr. Peter Maber, of Kefgrave. 

John Major, of Savage Gardens, London, Efq; 

The Rev. Mr. Charles Mandevilc, .of Harwick-houfe. 

Mr. Thomas iVIann, of Ixworth, Surgeon- 

Thomas Manning of Bungay, Efq; 

Mr. Richard Marchant, of Bildeftone. 

Mr. Rob. Marriott, of Stow-upland, Attorney at Law. 

Mr. Thomas Martin, of Palgrave. 

Mrs. Ann Marven, of Gobdock. 

Mr. James Pvlathew^, of Bury, 

Mr. Nicholas May, of Ramfliolt. 

Mr. William Mayhew,, of Woodbridge. 

Mr. Tho. Miller, of Bungav, Grocer and Bookftller, 

Mr. Thomas Miller, of Halefworth, Bookfcller. 

The Rev. Dr. Mills, of Bury. 

Mr. John Mills, of Rickinghall Superior. 

Mr. Tho. More, of Stowmarket, Attorney at Law, 

Richard Moore, of Long Melford, Efqj 

Mr. Edward Moore, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. John Moore, of Wantefden. 

Mr. John Morphew, of Norwich. 

Mr. Richard Alofs, of Norwich. 

Mr. John Mofs, of ditto. 

Mr. Richard MQtt, of Carlton, A^ttorney at Law. 

Mr. Tho. Mulliner, of Stratford, Attorney at L,£iW, 

Mr. Edward Mumford, of Chelfworth. 

Mr. Shadrach Munnings, of Bilderfton. 

Mr. Lcojiard Munnings, of Sto\Ymar]<:et, 

\> 2 Mr, 

xli A Liji of Subscribers. 

Mr. Wm. Mufgrave, of Cambridge, Woollen-Draper, 
The Rev. Mr. Myers, of Walton. 

Mr. William Naunton, of Martlefham. 

Mr. Thomas Naunton, jun. of Playford. 

The Rev. Mr. Neal. 

The Rev. Dr. Neden, 2 Copies. 

Henry Negus, of Bungay, Gent. 

The Rev. Mr. Newcomen, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. Newcome, of Layham. 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Newman, of Dedham» 

The Rev. Mr. John Newman, of Sudbury. 

Mr. Newfon, of Leifton-Hall. 

Richard Norton, of Ipfwich, Efq; 

Mr. William Norton, Bookfeller. 

Mr. John Notcutt, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. George Notcutt, of ditto. 

Mr. William Notcutt, of ditto. 

The Rev. Mr. Martin Nunn, of Holbrooke. 

The Rev. Mr. Robert Nunn, of Pak^ham. 

The Rt. Hon. Lord Orwell, of Onvell-Park, Mem^ 

ber for Ipfwich. 
Mrs. Ord, of Fornham. 
Mr. John Ormes, of Walton, 

Mr. John Page, of Woodbridge, Surgeon. 

JVlr. Thomas Page, of Ipfwich, Bookfeller, 

Mifs Pack of Palgrave. . ^ 

M'-. Peter Packard, of Chelfworth. 

Robert Parifh, of Ipfwich, Efq; i 

Mr. William Parker, of Dedham. 

Mr. William Parmenter, of Playford-Hall, ' 

Mr. George Parfons, of Hadleigh. ' 

The Rev. Mr. Pawfey, of Sturfton. 

Mr. Jeffery Pearl, of Hoxne, j 

Mr. Robert Pettit, of Stowmarket. 

George Pickard, of Colchefter, Efq; ^ 

Mr. Samuel Pickering, of Ipfwich. j 

Mr. William Pindar, of Woodbridge.' 

Mr. Giles Philips, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. Philips, of Boxford. 

John Plampen, of Chadacre-Hall, Efq; 

^^r. John Plumbftead 

Mr. William Prefcott, of London. 


A Lift o/" Subscribers. ^.., 

The Rev. Mr. Prefton, of Waldingfield. 

Mr. Robert Pretyman, of Wingfield. 

Mr. Prickle, of Bury. 

The Rev. Mr. Humphry Primate, of Higham. 

The Rev. Mr. Punchard, of Gazely. 

Charles Wager Purvis, Rear-Admiral, Efqj 

George Purvis, of Harwich, Efqj 

The Right Hon. the Earl of Rochford. 

Sir John Rous, of Henham, Bart. 

Mr. Ralph Rackham, of Bungay, Surgeon. 

Mr. John Railing, of Bury. 

Mr. William Ralph, of Woodbridge. 

Mr. Nathaniel Randall, of Woodbridge, 

Mr. John Ranfon, of Stow^market. 

Richard Ray, of Haughley, Efq; 

Mr. William Ray, of Worlingworth. 

Thomas Crofts Reade, of Bardwcll, Efqj 

Mr. George Reade, of Orford. 

Mr. Robert Reeve, of Halefworth. 

Mr. Robert Reeve, of Loweftoft, Attorney at Law. 

John Reilly, Efq; 

John Revett, of Brandillon, Efq; 

Mr. John Reynolds, of Yarmouth, Attorney at Law, 

Mr. Thomas Richardfon, of Melford. 

Mr. George Richardfon, of Stowmarket, Surgeon. 

Mr. John Ridley, of Woodbridge, Bookfeller. 

Mr. Thomas Rix, of Gofnall-Hall. 

Mr. William Robards, of Bury. 

Mr. Roger Robinfon, of Caterick, Yorkfliire. 

Mr. John Robfon, of London. 

Mr. John Rodbard, of Ipfwich, Surgeon. 

Mr. John Rogers, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. Thomas Rout, of Stowmarket. 

Mr. John Rudland, of Woodbridge, Surgeon. 

John Rufh, of Benhall, Efq; 

Barham Rufhbrooke, Efq; 

Mr. Thomas Ruft, jun. of Wortham. 

The Rev. Mr. Ruftat, of Stutton. 

John SafFord, of Bungay, Gent. 
James Sandcroft, of Ditchingham, Gent. 
John Sanderfon, of Camberwell, Efqj 
Mr. Jofeph Sage, jun. of Frefton. 
Mr. Samuel Savage, of Benacie. 

^iL/ A LiJ} ^Subscriber s^ 

Mr. John Say, of Framlingham, Surgeon. 

John Sayer, Efq; * ,;' 

William Schutz, Efq; ' 

Francis Matthew Schutz, Efq; I 

The Rev. Mr. Scott, of Ipfwich. 1 

Mr. Claude Scott, of London. \ 

Mr. Stephen Searfon, of Ipfwich. j 

Mr. Francis Sewell, of Beccles. | 

The Rev. Mr. Jofeph Sharp, of Bury, ' 

Mr. James Sharp^ of Bury. ] 

Mr. Martin Sharp, of ditto. ^ 

Mr. Marmaduke Shaw, of Woodbridge, j 

Mr. John Sherman, of Melton. i 

Mr. Thomas Sheiiffe, of Bungav. ^ 

Mr. Robert Shimming, of Rendlefham, j 

Ifaac Pacatus Shard, Efq; I 

Mr. Thomas Shave, of Ipfwich. 1 

Mr. Thomas Shave, of Bacton. 

Mr. Luke Silburn, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. Charles Simpfon, of Difs. t 

Mr. Geo. Simpfon, o^ Bramford. ] 

Mr. Thomas Sii'.gleton, of Bury. 

Mr. Thomas Slapp, of Botefdale, Attorney at Law. 

John Smith, Fell. Co?ti. of Magdalen College, Efq; i 

"William Smyth, of Leifton, Efq; " j 

Mr. William Snell, of Necdham. 

Mr. Spalding, of Framlingham, Surgeon. I 

Robert Sparrow, of Worlingham, Efq; j 

Mr. Charles Squire, of Lavenham, Attorney at Law. 

Tho. Staunton, of Holbrook, Efq; Mcmb. for Ipfwich. | 

The Rev. Mr. Stebbing, of Tattingftone. : 

Mr. George Steel, of Chimney-mills. j 

The Rev.^Mr. Stegals, of Wiverftone. 

Henry Stevens, of Doctors Commons, Efq; 

Mr. Steward, of Bury, Surgeon. 

Thomas Stifted, of Ipfwich, Efq; 

William Stone, ofBcdingham, Efq; \ 

Mr. John Stow, of Woodbridge, Merch.ant. , j 

Edmund Strudwick, of Ipfwich, Eiq; ' 

Mr. James Stubbin, of Ipfwich. 

Edward Sulyard, of Haughlcy, Efq; 1 

Mr. Daniel Sutton, of Kenton. \ 

The Rev. Mr. E)ye Sycr. 

Mr. John Syer, of Lavenham. 

William Symonds, Eliii' 

A Liji of Subscriber Si 

Si I Thomas Thorowgood, Knight. i 
The Rev. Dr. Tanner, 6f Hadleigh. 

Mr. Lark Tarver of Ipfwich. j 

Colonel Tafh, of Haverhill. i 

j^/r. Frederick Teufh, of Londcn, Merchant,- ; 

Mr. Tavlor, of Difs, Attorney at Law. J 

Mr. Ambrofc Taylor, of Woodbridge. 1 

Mr. Thomas Taylor, of Sternfield. \ 

George Thomas, of Kefgravff, Efqj ; 

John Thompfon, of Southwold, Gent. ! 

Mr. John Thorndike, of Ipfwich. \ 

MeJJis. Thurlbourn and "Woodyer, Bookfellers, Cain- \ 

bridge, 2 Copies. ^ 
Mr. William Toller, of Benhall. 
Mr. Robert Tovell, of Ipfwich. 

The Rev. Mr. Trigg, of Leifton. | 
Mr. James Trimmer, jun. 

William Trotman of Ipfwich, Efq; ] 

Mr. Abraham Trowell, of Woodbr. Attorney at Law, \ 

Mr. I'urner, of Harwich, Ship-builder. ^ 

Mr. Jonathan Turner, of Old Nev/ton. ' 
Mr. James Turner of Rattlefden. 

Mr. John Turner, of Finningham, i 

Mr. Turner, of Felfham. \ 

Mr. James Tufon, ofBoxford, Surgeon. • 

Mr. Robert Twigger, of Hadleigh, ^ 

Thomas Tyndall, of Doctors Commons, Efqj \ 

Mr. James Tye, of Woodbridge. ] 

Edmund Tyrrell, of Stowmarket, Efq; j 

Edmund Tyrrell, of Gipping-hall, Efq; '» 

Tho. Bokeiiham Tyrrell, of'Stowmarket, Efqj I 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Uvedale, of Barking. I 

Samuel Uvedale, of ditto, Efq; ' 

Mr. Robert Upcher, of Sudbury, Surgeon. 

Sir Joiliua Vanneck, of Heveningham, Bart. 1 

Dr. Venn, of Ipfwich. J 

The Rev. Mr. Edward Vcntris, of Burgate. | 

Air. Thomas Vincent, of Ipfwich. 1 

Sir Armine Wodehoufe, Bart. j 

Sir George Warren, Knt. of the Bath, 2 Copies. \ 

Mr. Mar\ Wade, of Orford, 2 Copies, \ 
Mr. Robert Wade, of Woodbridge. 

Mr. \ 

Xvf A L'ljl <7/'SuBSCRIBEKS^ 

Mr. Miles Wallis, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. Samuel Walton, of Difs. 

Capt, Thomas Ward, of Ipfwich. 

Mr. William Ward, of Haughley. 

Mr. Samuel Ward, of Needham. 

Mr. John Ward, of Ipfwich. 

Thomas Waring, of Groton, Efq; 

Mrs. Warner, of Waldingfield. " 

The Rev. Mr. Warren, oi Chattifham, 

Mr. Samuel Watkinfon, of Lavenham, 

Mr. John Wading of Ba6lon. 

Jonathan Watfon, Efq; 

Daniel Wayth, of Glemham, Efq; 

Mr. Daniel Wayth, of Howton. 

Mr. Francis Wealy, of Saxmundham. 

George Wegg, of Colchefter, Efq; 

The Rev. Mr. Weft, of Sutton in the Ifle of Ely, 

Mr. Thomas Whiting, of Woodbridge. 

Edward Whitmore, of Bury, Efq; 

The Rev. Mr. Whittington, Re£lor of Orford, 

Mr. John Wilgrefs, at Parham. 

The Rev. Mr. Wilkinfon, of Brome. 

The Rev. Mr. Willis of Jefus College, Cambridge, 

Henry Willis, of Redlingfield, Efq; 

Thomas Wilfon, of Botefdale, Efq; 

Adr. Henry Winfon, of Woodbridge. 

The Rev. Mr. Witaker, of Mcndham. 

William Wollafton, of Finborough, Efq; 4 Copies^ 

The Rev. Mr. Frederick Wollafton, of Bury. 

Samuel V/ollafton, Efq; 

Robert Wollafton, Efq; 

Mr. Richard Wood, of Melton, Attorney at Law^ 

Mr. Robert Woodgate, Attorney at Law. 

Mr. Wooley, of Ipfwich. 

Adr. Wormington, of Southwold. 

Thomas Wright, of Thetford, Efqj 

Mr. J. Wynter, of Aldborough. 

Mr. William Yallop, of Beccles, Attorney at Law. 
Air. Thomas Yeoman, of Wcftminfter, Engineer. 
The Rev. Mr. Young, Fellow of Caius College, Cam- 
Mr, Edward Youngman, of Hepworth. 


[ ' ] 


Suffolk Travellerj ^c. 

THE County of Suffolk, or the Southern- 
Folk^ is fo called with refpeil to Norfolk, 
or the Northern- Folk. It is a Maritime 
County ; bounded on the Eaft, by the 
Ocean j on the Weft by Cambridgejhire j on the North, 
by the Rivers Waveney and Little Oufsy which part it 
from Norfolk ; and on the South by the Stour, which 
parteth it from the County of Effex. The Length of it 
from Eaft to Weft, is about 52 Miles ; and its Breadth 
from North to South, about 28 Miles ; making the 
Circumference 196 Miles : So that it contains near 
1169 fquare Miles, or about 748,160 Acres. It is fub- 
divided into Twenty-two Hwidredi, in which are 
Twenty-eight Market- Towns : The v/hole Number of 
Parifhes is 523, beftdes Hamlets. 

This County may be confidcred, as naturally con- 
iifting of three different Sorts of Land, viz. the Sand- 
land, the Wood-land, and the Fielding. The Sand-land 
Part, is that Tract of Land which reaches from the 
River Orwell, by the Sea-Coaft to Tarmouth, and is 
pretty nearly feparated from the TVood-lands, by the 
great Road leading fiom Ipfwkh^ thro' Saxmimdham and 
B Bccclcsy 

2 County c/SofpolK* 

Bea/cs, to Yarmouth -, fo that it contains the Hundred of 
Colne'iSy and Part of the Hundreds of Carlford, Loes^ 
JVaiford, Plomefgate^ BIything, Mutford, and Loihmg- 
hvj. This Part nray alfo be fubdivided into th« Marfi)^- 
Arable^ and Heath-lands. The Aiarjh-land is naturally 
fruitful, feeding great Numbers of Sheep and Oxen ; 
and fometimes, when ploughed, affords greater Crops of 
Corn than any other Land in this County. That Part 
which is Arable^ is in many Places naturally good for 
Tillage, and produces abundant Crops of all Sorts of 
Corn and Grain ; and where it feems irt a manner baf- 
ren, \\ is fit for Improvement by CKalk, Clay, and Crag ; 
which laft is found by Experience to be preferable to the 
■other two, and may be had cheaper (rt). The Heathy 
Part, con>monly ufed for Sheep-walks, might contar» 
about owi third of the Sand-lands, before the Difcovery 
of Crag ', but many hundred Acres of them are now con- 
verted into good Arable Land, by that excellent AJa^ 
^ The Wood-loiul Part extends from the North -eaft 
Corner of the Hundred of Blything^ to the South-weft 
Corner of the County at i/rtwr/?///; and includes Part 
of the Hundreds of Caflford^ IHHford^ Loes, Plomefgate, 
Blytkirg^ Biackbourn^ Thedwajhe., and 7h'mgi£ ; and all- 
the Hundreds of Rifij-'utge^ Babagy Cosfcrd, Safnford, 
StsiUy Bofrna-Cy Clay don, Ilariefmcre^ Hoxnc^ Thyedlhigy 
and Wangford. This Part is generally dirty, but very 
rich and fruitful. Here the Suffolk Butter is made, 
iuftly efteemed the pleafantefl and beft in England \ but 
they v.'ho make good Butter, muft, of eourfe, make bad 
Chcefe ; ai^ therefore the Generality of Suffclk-Checfe 
is well known to be as remarkably bad, as the Butter is 
good : But thofe few in thefc Parts who make little or 
r.o Butter, make as good Cheefe, as any in IVarw'uk- 
fkire^ GlotfCfJIerJlArey or any other Parts of the Kingdom ; 

<^n) See Le-i-.'ffgtoff, in Calais Handred. 

County ^/Suffolk. 5 

infomuch, that it fells for Ten- pence and Twelve-pence 
a Pound, or more; being little, if at all, inferior to that 
of Stilton. 

The Fielding-Part contains all the Hundred of Lack- 
ford^ and the remaining Parts of the Hundreds of Black- 
bouruy "Thedwaftre, and Thingoe-y and is, moft of it, in 
Sheep-walks ; yet affords good Corn in many Places. 

The Ecclefiaftical Government of this County is in 
the Biftiop of Norvuich, aflifted by the Archdeacons of 
Sudbury and Suffolk, But here we mufl except the fol- 
lowing Parifhes, th^y being not fubjeil to the Jurif- 
dielion of the Bifhop of Norwich, viz. Hadleigh^ Monks- 
Illeigh^ and Moulton^ which are Peculiars to the Arch- 
bifliop of Canterbury ; and Frekerd:)a7n, which (vvith lllc- 
ham in Cambridgrjhire) is a Peculiar to the Bifliop of 
Rochejler. The Diocefan had but one Archdeacon, till 
about J.D. 1 126, when Richard Archdeacon of the 
whole County oi Suffolk^ being made aBifliop \n France, 
Eborard or Evcrard then Bifliop of Nortvich, divided the 
County into the Archdeaconries of SucVuzay and Suffolk, 
and made the Weftern Part of it (together with fuch 
Pariflies in Camhridgejhire as belong to the DioceTe of 
Norwich, on account of their having been anciently 
Part of the Kingdom of the Eajl- Angles) fubjcdt to the 
Archdeacon of Sudbury ; and the Eaftcrn Part of it, fub- 
je6l to the Archdeacon of Suffolk. The Archdeaconry 
of iSM^iwr)/ is fubdivided into eight Deanries, viz. thofs 
of Sudbury, Stoic, Thingoc, Clare, Fordham in dmibridge- 
ffjire, Hartefmere, Blackbourn, and Thedivajlre ; and 
the Archdeaconry of Suffolk into fourteen, viz. the 
Deanries of Ipfwich, Bofmere, Claydod, Iloxne, Southclm- 
ham, TVangford, Lothingland, Dumvich^ Orfvrdy Loes^ 
JVillford, Carlford, Cohieis, and Sarnford. 

The Civil Govcrnn:ient is in the High Sheriff for the 

Tim? being j anJ in this refpcvSl the County is di- 

B 2 vided 

4 County <?/ Suffolk. 

vided into the Geldable and the Franchifes. In the GelcJ- 
able Part of it, the Iffues and Forfeitures are paid to the 
King ; in the Franchifes, to the Lords of the Liberties. 
The Geldable Hundreds are Sa?nford^ Bofmcre and Clay- 
don, Stow, Hartef7na-c, Hoxne, Blyihing, JFangford, and 
the two Half-Hundreds of Mutford, and LrAhingland \ 
for thefe the Seffions are holden at Beaks, and Ipfw'ich ; 
•viz. at Beccles, for Wcngford, Blythhig, Mutford, and 
Loib'mgli.nd \ znd :it Ipfwich, for the Hundreds of Har- 
tefmere, Hoxnc, Stow, Bofmere, Claydon, and Samford. 

The Franchifes are, F'wji, The Franchife or Liberty 
of St. Ethdred, belonging anciently to the Prior and 
Convent, and now to the Dean and Chapter of Ely j i6 
contains the Hundreds of CarJford, Colneis, JVUlfordy 
Plomcfgaie, Loes.^ and Thredli-ng ; for which the Seffions 
are holden at TVoodbridge. The Prior and Convent had 
this Liberty in King Edward the Confeflbr's Time, and 
when the Prior and Convent were changed into a Dear* 
and Chapter, J. D. 1541. it was faid to be of the 
Yearly Value of 20 /. Seco72dIy^ The Franchife or Lr- 
iberty of St. Edmund, which was given to the Abbey of 
Bury by King Edivard the Confeffor j it contains the 
Hundreds of Cosford, Bahergh, Rljbrldge, Lackford, Black- 
bou7'n, Thedtvejire, and Thhigoe, and the Half-Hundred 
of Ixnlng ; for which the Seffions are holden at Bury, 
Thirdly, The Duke of Norfolk hath alfo a Liberty (by 
Letters Patent of King Edivard the Fourth, dated 7th 
December, 1468,) of returning Writs, and having a 
Coroner ; and all Fines and Amercements, ijfc. withirv 
hii^lanors of Bungay, KcJfale, Carlton, Pcafcnhall, the 
three Stonhavis, Denning/:n, Brundif), the four Ilkctfahy 
and Cratfield, in Suffolk. 

There is but one Affize for the whole County ; but, 

at every Affize, there are two Grand Juries; one for 

the Geldable, and the other for the Franchife of St. Ed- 

2 mondfiury. 

County <j/ Suffolk. 5 

mondfbury. Suffolk and Norfolk were formerly under the 
Government of one High-SherifF, till the 17th Year of 
Queen Elizabeth j when Robert AJhfield^ of Netherhall i^ 
Pakenhmi^ Efq; was made the firft High-Sheriff of this 
County, diftind from the County of Norfolk. 

The ancient Kingdom of the Eaft-Angles contained 
little more than the Counties of Norfolk and Suffolk^ and 
from hence arofe that clofe Connexion which fo long 
fubfifted between them. JVilUam the Conqueror granted 
the Earldom of Norfolk and Suffolk^ to his Coufin Roger 
Bigod : It continued in that Family to the Thirty- 
fifth Year of King Edivard I. when Roger Bigody Earl 
Marfhal, died without IlRie ; having firft furrendered all 
his Honours, Manors, ^c. to the King; fjom whona 
he received them again by a Re-grant, v.'ith a Liiru'tation 
to himfelf and Jliee his Wife, and the liTue of their two 
Bodies ; and, for want of fuch Ifiue with Remainder 
to the King and his Heirs. But this County did never 
give a feparate Title, till the eleventh Year of King 
Edway-d the Third ; when that King created Robert de 
Vffordy Earl of Suffolk. He was fucceeded by his Son 
William y who died v;ithout Iffue Male, arrd the Title 
became extinft. 

King Richard II. in the ninth Year of his Reign 
created Michael de la Pole^ Sari of Suffolk : He was fuc- 
ceeded by Michael his Son, who was flain in the Battle 
of Agincourt. William de la Pole^ Son of the laft Michael^ 
was created by Kmg Edivard VI. Marquis, and after- 
wards Duke of Siffolk ; but was unlawfully beheaded 
on the Gunwale of the Boat that was carrying him to 
France. John the Son of WilUatn fucceeded to his Fa- 
ther's Honours 3 having mzxntA Elizabeth, Sitter of King 
Edivard IV. He left many Children, and was fucceeded 
in his Honours and Eftate firft by John his Son, who was 
killed in the Battle of Stoke-upon-'Trent, in 1487 j and 
then by Edmond his fecond Son, wljp being too nearly 
B 3 related 

6 County (?/ Suffolk. 

related to the Crov/n, was in 5 King Henry VJII. be> 
headed in the Tower, and the Title became extin6l. 

King Henry VIII. then created Charles Brandon^ Duke 
oi Suffolk : He left two Sons, and both died without 
Iflue, under Age. But Henry Gray Marquis of Dorjeiy 
who married the Lady Frances^ eldeft Daughter of 
Charles Branchr\ by Mary the French Queen, was created 
Duke of Suffolk nth Oacher, 5 Edward VI. The 
Lady Jane his Daughter, was on the Demife of King 
Edward, proclaimed Queen ; who fuIFered for the Rafh- 
nefs of her Friends j and her Father was himfelf be- 
headed 23d February, 2 Queen Mary I. and the Title 
Y/zs once more extindl. It continued fo till i yames I. 
when Thomas Howard, a younger Son of Thomas the fe- 
cond Duke oi Norfolk, was made Earl of Suffolk ; and 
in this Family the Earldom hath continued ever fmce. 

In this Edition we have taken the Liberty of altering 
the Method that was obferved in the other. Ipfwich 
being the County-Town, we fball firft give as good a^i 
Account as could be procured of that. We fhail then 
fondudt thp Traveller through every Hundred in the 
Geldable Part of the County, without diftinguilhing the 
Liberty of St. Ethehlred^ which is included in this. After 
that, we fftall attend him through all the fcveral Hur;- 
dreds in the Franchife of St. Ed/iwnd, 

A Strringcr coming from London to vifit the Eajlern, 
or Geldable Part of S'iff^lk-, would probably enter the 
County at Stratford or Cattiwade Bridges, in the Hundred 
of Samford. We therefore fhall begin with that Hun- 
dred, and then take the feveral Hundreds that lie in or 
near the Road leading from Ipfivlch to Tar7ncuth,\\z. Carl" 
ford and Cobcis, Locs, Willford, Plcjncfgate, Blything,. 
Afutford, and Lothingland. Then returning to Bcales^ 
we i:iall take the remaining Geldable Hundreds, "fiz. 
Z JVangfrd^ 

Ipswich vjiih its Suburbs. 7 

Wangford^ Hqxuc^ Thrcdl'mg^ Haricf?nere, Stow, Bofinere^ 
and Cloydon. TliC Hundreds in the Liberty of St. Ed- 
mondjlury will be taken in this Order, Ihir.goe, Thcd- 
•wajire, Blackbourn^ Lackford^ Rijbridge^ Baherg^ and Cof- 
ford. But, that any Place may be more eafily found, 
the Towns and Villages in each Hundred will ht placed 

^;z Account ^IPSWICH, 'with its 
Suburbsy FrecinBsy and Liberties. 

TH E Spot on which Ipfwich ftands is fo. happily 
fituated, that it could not fail of inviting Inhabi- 
tants to fettle here, foon after this Corner of the Ifland 
was peopled. To Strangers who enter the Town, 
cither by what is now the London Road, or by the Yar~ 
fnouth Road, it feeins to ftand low : But when a Tra- 
veller approaches the Town by the ancient London Road, 
which was over Cattkvade and Bourn Bridges, upoii 
Ulurjlead-Hill, he views it to more Advantage ; fituat-sd, 
as in facl it is, on the Side of a Hill, with a South Afpecl, 
declining by a gradual and eafy Defcent to the Key, 
where the Foot of it is walhed by the Orwell, The Soil 
is mod healthy ; it is Sand, Crag, or Gxavel. The Hills 
which rife above it to the North and Eaft, contribute 
greatly to the Convenience of it \ not only as they Ihelter 
the Town from thofe bleak and inclement Winds, but 
as they are well flored with Springs of mofl excellent 
Water. The Springs from Ca.ya'r//-Hi!ls flow in fuch 
Abundance, that tho' the greater Part of the Town is 
fupplied ffom them, they conftantly run wafte in what 

B 4 15 

8 Ipswich wiib its Suburbs. 

is called St. Hellenes and St. Margaret's Wafh ; and thofe 
that rife in or near Chri/i - Church Pzvk^ tho' they likewife 
fupply many Houfes with Water, do as conflantly run 
wafte, down Brook-JIre(t. Thefe laft are of ftill far 
greater Ufe ; for the large Ponds at Chriji- Churchy con- 
tinually replenifhed by them, thro* the Benevolence and 
Humaxiity of the Owner, are always let out on any E- 
mergency ; and therefore, may be confidered, as perpe- 
tual Refervoirs, depofited there by Providence, to fecure 
and protedl the Town from the dreadful Ravages of Fire. 
To this happy Ciicumftance, (fuch as few Places can 
boaft) we may in a great meafure impute it, that tho^ 
many Fires have happened here within the Memory 
of Perfons now living, not one of them hath raged to 
any violent Degree. 

As feveral other Towns upon the neighbouring Coaft, 
vh. Tar-?nouthf Aid-borough^ and Or-/J?r<^, take their Names 
from their Situation near the Mouths of their refpedive 
Rivers j fo the Town of Ipfwich hath its Name from 
its being feated where the frefh River Gippen or Gipping 
empties itfelf into the Orwell. It is fpelt in Domefday, 
Gyppefvuid^ Gyppefwiz, Gyppewycus, Gyppewic j after- 
wards, by dropping the Guttural, it was written Tppyf- 
vjyche j and then, as our Spelling improved, by leaving 
out the fuperfluous Letters, Ipfivich [a). 

The Names of the Frefti and Salt River have lately 
been confounded, infomuch that Mr. Kirby was unwa- 
rily led to call the Frefh River the Orzvell -y but their 
Names are plainly diflincl. The Salt River, or to fpeak 
more properly, that Branch or Arm of the Sea v^hich 
flows up to Jpfwich, is called the Orzuell, probably from 
its fpacious and commodious Haven or Harbour. Some 


{a] As to the idle Story of a Pagr.n King Irtuj, who built 
the Town, ar.d called ic by his own Name; fince no Hiilory 
mentions any fuch reifon, and Domti'day-Book calls it other- 
>vife, that mult be confidered, as merely fabulous. 

Ipswich '^vilb f/j S u b u r b s. 9 

thirlk this was the Place that the Deques failed up J. D, 
1 01 6, when they had a Defign upon the Kingdom of 
Merda. ** The ^axon Annals call \\. Jrvoan\ and as 
*^ it may not be unreafonable to fuppofe the true Name 
" of this Harbour may be Arwell-^ fo do we find on one 
" Side of it Harwich^ and on the other Jrwerton (b)."* 

It is certain, Henry the Son of King Henry II. who 
was crowned in his Father's Life- time, when he con- 
fpired againft his Father, landed here with Soldiers 
from Flanders ; and, taking Hugh E'lgod with him, 
marched from hence to Norwich. Here Ifabel^ Wife of 
K\x\g Edward \l. landed kom France, when flie drove 
her Hufband into Wales {c). And in 20 Edward II. Sir 
yohn Howard had a Commiflion to raife Five Hundred 
Men in Norfolk and Suffolk, and conduct them to the 
Port of Orwell, from thence to go to Sea againft the 
French (d). 

And the Earl oi Lancaf.cr, in i\Edivard\\\. had aa 
Affignment of tea Ships to tranfport his Horfe from this 
Port of Orwell to Flatiders j fo that we need not multi- 
ply Proofs to fliew that this Haven and Branch of the 
Sea is called the Orwell. As to the Frefh River Gippin^y 
it has three Fountain- Heads ; one rifes at or near the 
little Village of Gipphig by MendlefDam, to which it gives 
Name (f). Another Head rifes near Wctherden; and 
the third near Rattlefden. Thefe two laft Rivulets unite 
with the other at Stow- market ; and there the Gipping, 
^hus fuppiied, becomes more refpeciable. It is true, the 


[b] Addit. to Camhden. 

(c) Lombard' % Did. 

\d] Dugd. Bar. II. 260. 

'e) For here you have a River, with a Village at one Head, 
and a large Town at the Mouth of it, and the fame Narne^ 
common lo all three, for Gi^^ef^tc is Gippes-Town ; and as 
Kivers fioived before Towns or Houfes were built, it is, in 
the Nature cf the Thing, more reafonable to fuppofe, that 
jhe River gave Name to the Town and the VillagCj thag that 
^ither of thera gave Name to the Rivei*. 

lo -Ipswich itith its S u e u r n s. 

OnvcU is fomeiimes called the Orzvell or Gipping, bccaufe 
the Glpping (lifcharges iifelf into it at Ipfw'ich j but the 
frcfh River Gipplng^ cannot with any Propriety be called 
the Orwell, bccaufe it is no Part of the Haven (f) ; 
-The Tkarmcs may as well be called the Swin. 

Jpfivkh ftri£tly fpeaking, that is, within the Gates, 
was not of very large Extent. It was inclofed with a 
Rampart and Ditch, which was broken down by the 
Danes, when they pillaged the Town twice within the 
Bpace of ten Years, about the Years of our Lord 991^ 
and 1 00c. But this Fortification was repaired and re- 
newed in the Tifth Year of King John (g). 


C/J One of our Correrpondents, to whom we are much 
obliged, hath urged a Conjcfiure, that anciently there was 
at the Mouth of this Haven, (which he fuppofes to have been 
much farther out towards the i:ea) a large Town called Or- 
VJcell, which he thinks vyas long fmce dcmolifhed by x\\zDanci, 
and then fwallowed up'by the Sea. But if there had been 
any fuch Town, the Danes could only burn and dellroy the 
Buildings ; the Land and Soil would remain, notwithftand- 
ing all that they could do. And iho' it is certain the Sea 
hath made vail Encroachments upcn this Cca.1, thofe En- 
croachments have been made gradually and liowly ; and 
theiefore, as DcmefdayViOoV. makes no mcr.ticn of any fuch 
Town, we may be fure there was none when that was made ; 
and if it hod been delboyed fo lately as the Conjedure fup- 
pofes, feme Notice would have been taken of the Place 
where it Uocd. And tho' the Word Ofziell is fonx-timqs 
iifed in fuch a manner, as may fecm rather to denote a Toivn 
than a River, it appears by the Corporation Books, that by 
the Fort of Orv:ell was meant the Town of lpf~.vich, in the 
7'ime of King Ed--i:ard the Third. And therefore Geoffrey 
Chaucer, in the I'rologue to his Merchant's Tale, intended 
Jpjhvieh by that Word : who faith, 

" He would the Sea were kept for any Thing 
" Betwixt hU.-ldleborou2.h * and Orvjeil, 
" Well could he in Exchange UeiJes fell." 
For thefe Reafons we cannot lay much Stiefs on this Con- 

(g) Ii>f^.i:ich Domefday. 

» I,hddlda'\h iiad at tkat Tinr.c a Staple For Wool, 

Ipswich iJDith its Suburbs. ii 

There are not the leaft Remains of more than three 
■of the Gates now {landing j but, it is certain, there were 
more. For, in the ancient Partition of the Town into 
four Letes or Wards^ as tVv'o of thefe were called North- 
gate-Lete and WcJl-gate-Lets^ fo the two others were 
called EaJi-gate-L^te and South- gaie-Lcte (h). 

We read likcwife of Lofe-gate^ wiiich llood at the 
Ford thro' the Salt River, by what is now the Houfe of 
Mr. 'frot7mn. Tho' the Rampart hath in many Places 
been broken through, and in fome entirely levelled, thejr-e 
arc ftill confiderablp Remains of it ; and it is eafily traced 
from the Bowling-green Garden (or Gr^j-i^rj'^rj Walk) 
with a Road on each Side of it, to the Weft, or St. Mau 
ihew's Gate (i) , 


(h) Eafi-gate-Lele reached from 'North-gate to the Stone- 
Crofs in Broak-Jirect, called St. Leivis Crofs ; fo down 'Tank- 
fird-jQreet, till you come to the common Ditch next the Frins- 
' Preachers Wa.\\, wkh Q:rrJ}reet [Crofs -Keys] Thingfleci [or 
St. Margaret's Green, and the Lane leading to Little Boltohl 
and Caldnuell [or St. lieUen\'\ Street. IV efi- gate -Let e froui 
North-gate by the Archdeacon's Houfe, till you come to the 
Corner of the Street leading from Brook- fireet to the Fijh- 
Market, gnd lo by the fame Mai ket [which was at the Eaji 
End of St. Laivrence Church-Yard, i. e. in White-Hart 
Lane] on the Right-hand to the farther Corner of Walter 
Cobh\ {fX. /,i7.itr£/.T^ Conduit -Houfe] and foto the Cornhlll, 
on the A'^cr.'-6 Side of the Street, till you come at xhs We/i- 
gate, with the Suburbs that be without the Gate. South-gate 
Lete, hom WeJ^-gate on one Side of the High-Ilrcet til! you 
come at St. J\>iidred\ ^hv^rch. [the Town-Hall] and fo upon 
ihe Right-hand on one Part of the Street till you come to 
Woulf arms lane, in the Paridi of St. Pater, almoll againft; the 
Vt'eft End of the faid Church-yard. North-gate- Lete \cot.- 
tains] all the reft of the Town, with the Suburbs beyond 
Stol<e Bridge, and befide the Key with St. CUment^ Street. — 
hjiv. Domcl'day. 

(i) This Gate was rebuilt and made a Goal in the Time 
of King HcnryVl. at the voluntary Expence oi Joh.i de Cald- 
-'-••jell, Bailif and Portman. In tlie Will of Walter Vel-vcet, 
dated I J 'Jan, 1458, is this Dcqueil, Itcni lego ad fabricatio- 


12 Ipswich with its Suburbs. 

From hence to Bull-gate facing Wejlgate-Jtreet^ it is 
levelled, and the Ground built upon. But from this t'j 
North -gate, and fo to the End of Crofs-keys-Jlriet^ it is 
almoft entire. It is alfo vifiblc at the Back of the Houfes 
on the Weft-fide of St. Margaret's Wafti ; and again, 
in the Yard of Chrijih Hofpital j fo that all the Parifties 
of St. Aujiin^ St. Clement^ and St. Helleti, and great Part 
of the Parifhcs of St. Margaret and St. Afatihew, were 
not included within the Gates ; and thefe are accordingly- 
called in old Writings, the Suburbs of Ipfwich. 

But if we confider the Borough ia a larger Senfe, as 
including not only the Town with its Suburbs, but the 
four Hamlets of Sioke-Hally Brooks-Hall, Wlkes-Vfford^ 
and Wtkes-Bijhop^ which comprehends the whole Pre- 
cin£is and Liberties of the Borough, the Extent of it is 
very confiderable. For it reaches from Eaft to Weft, 
that is, from the Place on Rufnmere Common, where 
the Bounds of the Liberties running paft Rufimere- 
Hall-Gate, and along the other Lane crofs the IVood- 
Iridge Road oppofite to the Gallows j to that Place in 
Whition-Jlreet^ where the Bounds corjpe out of the Lane 
leading from Braiiiford, crofs the Norivich and Bury 
Road, and then go into the Lane leading to IFhitton 
Church, the Diftance is better than four Miles. In like 
manner, from North to South, or near it ; that is, from 
that Place beyond JVeJlcrfeld Green, where the Bounds 
enter the Road leading from Witncjlmm to Ipfwich^ and 
fo to Bourn Bridge \ it is about the fame Diftance : But 
if, inftead of goin^ on the Weft of the Orivcll, you go 
from the aforefaid Place thro' St. ChmefU's Street on the 


jiem ufiius Pontis inter Capcllam P,eat<T Mari/e et * Domini 
Regii cum aliruis alius fairicari -veli/, aut fabricari facial 

• The Word here omitted was obfcure, but tho'ight to be Fr'i^or.av:, 
See the Accour.t or iic. M^r-.'i Cha.el „lter\va:ds. 

Ipswich with its SuBufiBS. 13 

Eaft-fide of it to Donham Bridge by 7eZ>«'sNefsfi), the 
Diftance is greater. 

Thefe Bounds of the Liberties of the Borough have 
been often afcertained ; but the laft Determination con- 
cerning them was in 13 King Henry VIII. when a 
Felon Fugitive left Goods behind him at his Houfe in 
JVhitton-Jireet, which the Bailives feized in Right of the 
Borough : But the Efcheator for the Crown in the 
County of Suffolk hearing of it, he took away the 
Goods by Force, pretending they were not within the 
Liberties of Ipfwich. The Bailives complained of this 
Violence, whereupon a Commiilion was direded to the 
Abbot of St. Edmimdjlury , Robert Curzon, Knt. Lord 
Curzon, Sir Robert Drury, Sir Richard Wentworth^ Sir 
Fhilip Tilney^ L'toml Tahnage^ Efq; and 'John Sulyardy 
Efq; to enquire how far the Bounds of the Liberties of 
Ipfwich extend. So a Jury was empannelled, and their 
Return filed in Chancery ; who, upon their Oaths faid, 
TJaat the faid Liberties did extend according to the 
Bounds in the faid Return above-mentioned ; and the 
faid B. B. and C. of Ipfwich have ufed to enjfoy the faid 
Liberties and Fraiinchefes without Afynde of Man. 

Befides the Precindls on Land before - mentioned, 
the Borough of Ipfivich did always claim, as appen- 
dant to the Borough and Parcel thereof, a Precin<3: 
and Jurifdiilion by Water on the Orzuc/I; the Extent of 
which hath likewife, more than once, been afcertained : 
Particularly in 2 Richard II. when a Commiffion was 
iflued for that Purpofe, to John de Sutton^ Knt. and 
Richard Wa [grave , Knt. accordingly a Jury was fum- 
moned at Shotley^ who faid upon their Oaths, That the 


fk) This is die Place where His Majerty's Ship the fhr^ip- 
J}jire was built, not long fince : It is now called comnnonly 
Johns Nefs, b'jt in the old Perambulation -Journals Ki/ig's 
Nefs ; which two Names put tnc-ether make it Kiif 'Johns 

14 Ipswigh ivitb its S-uburbs. 

Port of the Town oi Ipfwlch doth extend itfelf from thi* 
faid Town to the Polleficad (1)^ and had belonged Time 
out of Mind, and doth now belong, and is Parcel of the 
(aid Town, and of the Farm which they hold of our 
Lord the King, is'c. 

The Streets of Ipfwlch, like thofe of moft other an- 
cient Towns, which have not been deftroyed by Fire and 
rebuilt, do not run in Right- lines ; and therefore do not 
ftrike a Stranger's Eye, as they would if they were more 
regular j but they contain many good Houfcs, which ge- 
jicrally are better within, than their outward Appearance 
gives P^cafon to expedl. One favourable Circumftance 
is ahnoft peculiar to this Place, which is, that moft of 
the better Houfcs, even in the Heart of the Town, have 
convenient Gardens adjoining to them, which make 
them more airy and heakhyj as well as more pleafant 
and delightful. 

The many Walks and Rides which abound with a 
Variety of pleanng Views, together with the Goodnefs 
of the Roads in the Environs of Ipfiuic}?^ do alfo con- 
tribute grearly towards making the Place agreeable. 
But however entertaining thefe Profpecls on the Land 
may be, they are far exceeded by thofe that the Orwell 
aftords; which, to fpcak cautiouily, at leaft for the Ex-. 
tent of it, is one of the mtji beautiful Salt Rivers in the 
Jf'orld. The Beauty of it arifcs chiefly from its being 
bounded with High-land on both Sides, almoft the 
whole Way. Thefe Hills on each Side arc enriched 
and adorned with almoft every Object that can make a 
LanJfcape agreeable j fuch as Churches, Mills, Gentle- 
men's S'-ats, Villages and other Buildings, Woods, noble. 
Avenues, Parks whofc Pales reach down to the Water's 


(I) A Place well known to Mariners, npon the Sand called 
K\\*i Andreiui in the Hijh Sea beyond // «//<?« and Felixtow 
CliiFs. P-.bjlead Comunn is mentioned with Larigor-Coinmon^ 
in ilic Couit- Rolls of b;.' John Ba^-Lri Matsrr. 

Ipswich wiih its Suburb s. 1 5 

Edge, well ftored with Deer and other Cattle, feeding 
in fine Lawns, ^c. t^c. all thcfe and more are fo hap- 
pily difpofed and diverfified, as if Nature and Art had 
jointly contrived Jiow they might mofl: agreeably enter- 
tain and delight the Eye. Such are the Side-Views. 
As a PafTenger fails from Ipfwlcb, when he enters what 
is properly called Orwell Haven^ the Scene terminates 
on the Right, with a View of Harwich and the high 
Coaft of EJfex ; on the Left with Landg:icvrd-Fort^ and 
the high Land of Walton and Fellxjloiv Cliffs behind It ; 
and with a Profpe<9: of the main Ocean before him. As 
he returns to Ipfwich^ the Scene clofes with a diftindt 
View of that fair Town, difplaying itfelf to fome Ad- 
vantage, and forming a Sort of Half-moon as the River 

Before the Conqueft (m)^ and for manyYears aftar it, 
Jpfwtch was in the fame Condition as all other Boroughs 


(?n) As no Ufe is here made of IVV, Bacon's Manufcrlpt, 
concerning the ancient Condition of this Town and its in- 
habitants ; it may be expeiled that fojne Reafon Ihould be- 
given for it. For Mr. Bacon was a Man of Learning, and 
good Abilities ; he had alfo great Opportunities of informing 
himielf: He was elefted iJftor^jr, in 1643;, he afterwards 
accepted the Tlace of Tatvn Clerk ; in 16^4, he reprefented 
the Borough at Oti-vey Cromnveir^ Parliament, and continued 
his Service in thefe three Capacities to the Day of his Death, 
in 1659. It is likewife certain, that he did not grudge his 
Trouble; for, on the Sight of this Book, conriillng of more 
than Eight kundred Folio Pages, written with his own Hand^ 
one cannot but adipire his Incluftry. Mr. Bacon begins his 
Annals of Ipfiviih from the 5<?jfc;; Times, and brings them 
down to the Death of \\.\Vi^Charles I. Here he fcems to drop 
a Tear, and fays, " ''[he laji Day of January [1648] puts a 
" fal Period to rr.y Pen ;" but his othsr Wricings which were 
the Work of Years, nubliflied in 1649, fiic.v how deeply he 
had intcrefted himfelf in the Ccnfufion of thofe Times, and 
he was accordingly made Mailer of Requeits to Ol-rzer Crom- 
ive'l.' And notwithllanding the Learning and Abilities of 
this Gentleman, it appears plainly from tliofe Writings, as 
well as fioui liis Annah of Ip.J-vjich, that he v.'as a Perlon of 
ftron^ Prejudices, and that his Partiality iu favour of parti- 

I cul^r 

t6 Ipswich wi^h its Suburbs. 

that were in the ancient Demefne of the Crown, iri 
Dominio Regis. The King fometimes held thefe Bo- 
roughs himfelf, and appointed one or more Officers whd 
were called Prapofitiy or Provojls ; whofe Bufinefs it 
was to govern the Borough, to fuperintend the Manage- 

cular Notions adopted by him, led him into many Miftakes ; 
fome of which are fo grofs, that they are not eafily to be ac- 
counted for. He had juftly conceived high Notions of the 
great .-Intiquity of the Borough, and from thence he unwarily 
inferred the Antiquity of the Corporation, which are two very 
diiTercnt Things Jpfwich was perhaps one of the moji ancient 
Boroughs in the Kingdom, but it was a Royal Borough ia 
ancient Demefne; fo that the Burgefies were in general Vaffals 
of the Crown. If it be not one of the moj} ancient Corpora- 
tions, it is certainly one of the ^jcry ancient Corporations, for 
not many can claim before it ; yet it was not a free incor-. 
poratcd Society till King John enfranchifed and made it io. 
But Mr. Bacon fuppofes the Corporation to be prior to the Con- 
quefh Nay, he carries the Antiquity of the Town fo ridi- 
culoufly far, that he fuppofes thefe prefent Churches to be 
the very identical Buildings that exifted in the Saxon Times. 
For, fpeaking of thofe mentioned in Don-.efday by Name, he 
adds, " An4, doubtlefs, there were more ; for divers more 
*' there are that feem not inferior in Antiquity to anv of the 
" former." VVhereas we know fome of thefe, which feem 
as ancient as the reft, were built long fince the Conqueror's 
Time. But were it not fo, the Authority of Domejday Book 
■is {o great, that it is allowed in all Courts to be decifive in 
all Points determinable by that ; and as no more than nine 
Churches are therein mentioned, we may be very certain there 
were no more then landing. Upon relating the idle Story of 
King I'lpus, before-mentioned, Mr. Bacon does not cenfure 
it, he cements himfelf with a ^ere in the Margin, ♦• If not 
" M'lppo, a Sa.xon of Note for making Laws;"' and refers his 
Reader to Lindmhroglus. But the mod glaring Thing of all 
is, his patting off the Charter of the 40 King Heyiry ill. for 
a Charter of King Htn^y 11. whereas Mr. Bacon mufi: know 
Jlenryll, did not reign Thirty f-ve Ycs.rs. And King £4'- 
ivard f. reciting this in his Charter, calls it exprefsly his Fa- 
//w's Chirtcr. Jn other Men, tliis might be confidered as an 
Overfight ; but in a Perlbn of Mr. Bacoii's Difcernment, we 
know not ^hat to cnll it. Mr. Brcon is Itill more confufed 
in hi? Account of Richard the Fiiil's Time. So that we think 
we have good Rcafon not to regard his Account of the Town 
di'ring this 'vny early Period, but to rely upon Other Authori- 
ties/uhich may, willi more Satiifai^ion, be depended on. 

Ipswich with /Vj S u b u r b 3. i / 

ment of the Demefne Lands, to receive the Geld, Hanfe, 
and all other Duties and Impofts (many of which there 
were) under the Norman Kings ; thefe Officers were 
Called Ballhly or Bailives. 

But the moft ufual Way was, for the King to grant 
thefe Boroughs to fome Earl, at that Time the higheft 
Order of Englijh Nobility {n)^ and a Title of Office, as 
well as Honour ; and in this Cafe, the Earl appointed the 
Officers before -mention'di and the Ufage was, for the 
King to have two Thirds of the Revenues of the Borough 
to his own Ufe, or the Ufe of fuch Perfon as he thought 
fit to grant them to; and the Earl had the other third 
Part (o)i together with the third Penny of all Fines, 
Forfeitures, Amercements, ^c. Sometimes the Earl 
lett the Revenues of the Borough to fome other Per- 
fons, for a certain annual Rent^ but ftill he had his 

As to the State of the BurgeJJes, at the Time we arc 
fpeaking of 5 there might be fome Inhabitants who had 
Pofleffions without the Borough, held by ATditary Ser- 
vice, which was the only free Tenure. Thefe were law- 
ful Men of the Realm, fui juris, and Free-men, pro- 
perly fo called. There were others, who, by particular 
Favour and Grant from the Crown, had changed their 
Tenures for an annual Payment, which was called a 
Free-Rent; as it freed them from the perfonal, and more 
fervile Service, to which they were before obliged. 
The reft held by Soccage-Tenure, or fomething equivalent 


{fij The firft Enc/i/p Duke, in the prefent Senfe of the 
Word, was Ed-ivard ihz Black Prince, Son oi\\\wgEd=wardlU. 
created by Hiin Duke of Ccrnxval. 

(0) Thus Nornxjich paid 20 /. to the King, and 10/. to the 
Earl. In Leaves, two Parts were the King's, and the third 
v/2mhe Earts. Ojt/irrf'paid yearly to the King io/. and 
fix Gallons of Honey ; to Earl Alger lol. and he had a Mill 
adjoining. Stafford paid 9 /. two Parts of which were the 
King's, the other was the Earl's. Stlden and Bracfy. 


yS- I p s,w I c H wilh llj Suburbs. 

to it, and were in a State of Vallalage and Servility (p), 
'riiey had, ftajdly fpeaking, no Pjoperty of their own ; 
they held what they had at the Will of the Lord j could 
not aliene, nor could their Children inherit without his 
Permifiion. Nay, the Lord, uadcr whofe Dominion 
tl>cy were, was confidered as having a Sort of Property 
in their very Pcrfons, and accordingly they were called 
HIS Villains, and his Men. Even the Citizens oi. 
London thought it a great Poiiit gained, when they ob- 
tained from the Conqueror what is called his Charter to 
them ; tho' it confifls only of four or five Lines, and 
contains only thefe two Privileges, viz. That the Bur- 
gefles fhould be Laiv-xvorthy (q) ; and that their Chil- 
dren fhould be their Heirs. Such was the general Con- 
dition of Boroughs and BurgefTcs in ancient Dcmejne ; 
"Whether this were the Condition of Ipfvuichm particular, 
the Reader may judge by the following Extracts from 

. Domefda^ 

'(p) Seliien fays, " againft Miles and Te>?aiit by Kn'ghtt- 
•♦• iier'-jice^, were op^ofcd, Likr^iokemafinus, Burgeaju, VUlanus-y 
" 7ena)it in ancient Demefne, and Serviens. SoicmaKs were but 
" Tenants in Scccage, who held by Service of the Plough, and 
** fuch like. Burgefles were Men of Towns, oi Perfjr.al, net 
■*' Fe'udal Worth. Villai7i, near the like, altho' applied af- 
'• terwards to Bond-fiaves. Tenants in Der/iefm, altho' they 
•' had large Liberties of Difcharge and Quiet, as now, yet 
" were reckoned fo far from the Worth of old Tenants by 
•' Kuighti-Serfice, that tliey had not Rank as Lilcri Homines, 
" or Free-Met:." But, after the Enfranchifcment, the Bus- 
gefies would not admit a Villaii: to be free of Ipjhjich ; and 
by an Order of Court 23 Henry VIL each one, before Ad- 
miilion was to fvvear he v\ as a Free Man of England. 

(q) Dr. Brady remarking upon this (zyi^, there were two 
Ways of being ^.a^.v-zniorthy, or having tho Benefit . of tive 
Law. Ey the State and Condition of Men's Perfons, fo al- 
jnoll all Free men had the free Benefit of the Law; bat Men 
of fcrvile Condition had not, efpccially fuch as were in Do- 
fninio, in Demefne; for tjiey received Juflice from their Lards, 
were judged by them in moil Cafes, and had not the true 
Benefit of the Law. So neither could their Children be their 
Heirs ; for they held their Lands and Goods at the Will of 
the Lord', and were not fure to enjoy thera longer than they 
Ijjealed Him. z 

Jt'swiCH 'u::ith its Suburbs. io 

homefday Book in the Exchequer, the Authority of which 
is allowed to be decifive and indifputabie. It was finifli-^ 
ed in 20 JViUia?n the Conqueror, or A.D. 1086. 

*' Half Hundred of Gippefvoid. This Roger Bigot 
<* keepeth in the King's Hand. And in the 7 ime of 
«' King Edward [the Confcllbr] Qiieen Edith (r) had 
** two Parts of the Borough, and Earl Guert (s) had 
*« the third Part. And the Queen had a Grange (t) 
*' in Demefn, \_fuo Dominio] to which belonged in the 
" Time of King Edward four Carucates of Land [oi* 
" Plough-LandsJ, and now in like manner twelve 
'* Free-men, who dwell upon other Land of their own 
*' Property, always occupy fourfcore Acres of this Landj 
" for the Service and Cuiiom of the King. And there 
" are ten other Men, Bordarii, who have no Land of 
*' their own Property, but dwell upon fourfcore and fix 
** Acres of the Land aforefaid."' 

** The Villains always have fix Acres, and this Land 
*« pays nothing to the King's Geld." 

" Earl Guert, in the Time of King Ediuard, had one 
*' Grange, &c. then valued at a PJundrcd Shillings, with 
«« the T/;;W Pc;?«;' of the Borough, and 20/. was paid 
<' for it. But now, with the Third Penny of the Bc- 
*' rough and with the Third Penny of two Hundreds, 
<« it pays only 15/." 

C 2 "In 

fr) Queen Edit/^, Wife of King Ea'-Jtard the Cor.fefTor, 
was the Daughter of Earl Goodzvhi. 

(s) Earl Gtieit was the fixth Son of Earl Good-ain, there- 
fore Brother of Qyeen Edith, and alfo of Hrifcl.:, who dif- 
pjted the Crown with Wslliam the Conqueror ; thefe two 
Brothers were both flain at the decifive Batde oi HaP.ings. 

(t) We fuppofe this to be at prefect the Property of Sir 
Thomas Thoro^'gcod ; it is now no more than a Fann-houfe, 
but it hath been larger ; and having been formerly a Roycd 
Grange, upon the re-building it, we think it might have the 
Name of Neiv Palncc, or Avru Flo.ce, \vhi':b it retains to this 
Day. And why might not Uandford Hall be the ancient 
Grange of Earl Gimt^ afterwards mentioned ? But we sc- 
knowkdiie thefe to be no more than Conjectures. 

i6 Ipswich with its Suburbs. 

<' In the Time of King Edward,, there were 538 
«* BurgefTes, who paid Cuftom to the King, and they 
*' had forty Acres of Land. But now there are no 
** Burgefles who pay Cutlom, and (u) ico poor Bur- 
*' gefles, who can pay no more than Ono^ Penny a Head 
*« to the King's Geld. So upon the whole, they have 
*' Forty Acres of Land, and Three Hundred and 
*' Twenty eight Houfes now empty, and which in the 
*' Time of King Edwardy fcotted to the King's Geld. 
** Roger the Vice-Earl^ lett the whole for 40 /. to be 
" paid at the Feaft of St. Michael ; afterwards he could 
*' not have that Rent, and he abated Sixty Shillings of 
" it, now it pays 37/. And the Earl always hath the 
*' Third ??ixi(x)." 

It is not here faid whether the Revenues of the Bo- 
rough were lett to one or more Perfons ; but probably 
they were lett to fome of the principal BurgelFes. And 
they continued at the fame Rent or near it, for above an 
hundred Years, as will appear prefcntly. 

The Policy of the Norjuan Princes led them to raif* 
the Condition of the lower People, that by their Means 
they might the better be enabled to check: the Power of 
the Barcm. This was done gradually : Firft, by al- 
tering the Tenures of private Perfons in the manner be- 
fore-mentioned J and then by enfranchifing whole Com- 
munities, efpecially the Boroughs in Royal Demefyie^ as 
being more immediately dependant upon the Crown. 
Ipjwich did not enjoy this Benefit befo.'-e the Reign of 
King John ; yet fome Steps were taken towards it, in 
the Reign of his Brother King Richard I. viz, 

" The 

(k) It IS not eafy t(3 account for (o great an Alteration in 
the Borough, within the Space of 'l-.<.cn!\ Years or there- 
about ; but, in thofe Times of Confurion, there are other In- 
lianccs of the like Kind. 

(x) Ijif-.'jiib DomefJay, from that in tlie E.xchequer. 

Ipsv/jCh "Ji-ith ;Vj Suburbs. 21 

*< The A^en of Ipfwich owe Forty AJarcs, for having 
*' their Liberties. The Men of Ipfivich have accounted 
*' for Sixty Marcs for having their Town in their own 
** Hands, by increafing the P'arm One Hundred Shil- 
*' lings per- Anmim^ for the Confirmation of our Lord the 
** King, concerning their Liberties ; they have paid it 
*' into the Treafury, and are acquitted (y) :" /. e. as we 
underftand it, They were to pay in the whole OneJiun- 
dred Marcs ^ of which they had a<5lually paid Sixty ^ and 
flood indebted for the other Forty Mara. We imagine 
they found it difficult to raife fo large a Sum, and their 
net being able to pay the whole, together with the an- 
nual Rent which kept running on at the Rate of 35 /. 
per Ann. was what prevented this Agreement with the 
Crown from taking Effedl. That the Farmers were in 
Arrear, appears from the Entry of the next Year, 7th 
Richard I, which fays, *' The Men of Ipjwich owe 17/. 

lOs. for the Rent of Ipfwich for laft Year 

e. Half 

a Year's R.cnt,] " and 35 /. for the Rent of this Year." 
And on the Back of the Great Roll of 10 Richard J. 

it is faid, to this EfFcd : The Men of Ipfivich are 


/. s.d.W^ I. s. d. 

For feveral former ^ i They have paid — 21 13 5 

Years 5 22 12 i j j,^^ ^^^^.^^ ^^ ^j^ 

Arrears of 9 Ric. I. 10 10 6 Bifhop of Nor- I 

For the Farm of ?^ w/V/^ for^Years I 

this Year p5 ^ ^ and half due to r 45 o « 

t the Hamlets of \ 

1 jpyjtc, J 

What has been now faid, and thefe previous Steps 
towards obtaining the Enfranchifement of the Borough, 
will account for the early Date of King Johns Chartei ; 
for King John came to the Crown on the 8th April 1 199, 
and his Charter to Ipfvich bears Teji on the 25th of the 
very next Month. 

C 3 By 

(y) hf'-''^^ Domcfday. 

24 Ipswich 'ujith its Suburbs. 

By this King John granted to the Burgeffcs, i. The 
Borough of Ipfiu'ich with all its Appurtenanees, Liber- 
ties, ^c. to be holden of him and his Heirs, to them 
and their Heirs hereditarily, by the Payment of the right 
and ufiisl annual Farm, and One Hundred Shillings more 
3t the Exchequer, by the Hands of the Provojl of ipf- 
fuich (z) kc. 2. He exempted them from the Payment 
of all Taxes under the fcveral Names of 'I holly Le/lage, 
Stallage^ Fajjage^ Pontage^ and all other Cuftoms through- 
out his Land and Sea-ports (a). 3. That they fhould 
have a Merchant's Gild and Hanfe of their own. 4, 
That no Perfon (hould be quartered upon t'lem without 
their Confcnt, or take any thing from them by Force (b), 
5. That they might hold their Lands, and recover their 
juft Dues from whomfoever they be owing (c). 6. That 
they fhould hold their Lands and Tenures within the 
Borough, according to the Cuftom of the Borough of 
Jpfwich. y. That none of them fhall be fined or amer- 
ced, but according to the Laws of the Free-Boroughs. 
8. And, that they might choofe two Bailives and four 
Coroners out of the more lawful (d) Men of the faid 
Town (e). 


(z) Tt is not here faid what this right and ufual Poymevt 
was, b'Jt wc have feen that it was 35 /. per Ann. to which if 
wc add 100 Shillings or 5/. it will make the annual Pay-r 
jv.ent in King Jc^/'s Time '.S/.r/y Marcs, or 40/. 

(a) This Privilege is now enjoyed to the great Benefit of 
fuch Mailers of Ships as are free of the Borough, in all the 
Forts of this Ilingdom, not excepting the City of Lonr.sn. 

(b) A plair. Proof that they were liable to thele Oppref- 
^ons before. r- . 

(c) This v/as niaking them lawful Men, which beforq 
they v/ere rot, 

(d) That is, as wefuppofe, the principal Men of the Town, 
and fuch as \vcre b-jfore the Enfranchifement by the Charter, 
in a Condition nearejl to that of a 'ree ii'ullanvful Man, properly 
fo called Jn Coniirmation of what has been before advanced, 
it is to be ohfervcd, that almoft Two Hundred Years after 
the Date of King y/7/&//s Charter, the whole Number oi laiv^ 

Jul Men in this good Town, was no more than 1C85 ; -viz.. 


Ipswich with its Suburbs. 23 

Tho' the Burgefies bad a due SeiTsfe of the Privileges 
conferred upon them by this Charter, they did not a6t 
in confequence of it, until the Thurjday next after June 
24, m the fecond Year of King John's Reign, which 
was thirteen Months after the Date of the Charter. 
This Delay can only be imputed to the Difficulty they 
found in raifing the Money for it. It being an iifual 
thing not to deliver thefe Grants and Charters before all 
Fines, Fees, &c. are difcharged and paid. 

But on the Day now mentioned, being a Body newly 
created, and having no Houfe or Place to meet in, they 
afTembled in the Church-Yard of St. Mary at Tozver, and 
held their yfr/? Great Courts which was continued for 
three Sefiions by Adjournment. At this Court the Bur- 
gefies eleded the firji BaUives. And they refolved that 
there Ihould be in this Borough Twelve Capital Portinen^ 
as there were in the other Yxzt Boroughs of England. 
At the fecond Sefiion, they eleded four Men out of 
each Parifh, to a6t as a Committee for the whole Town- 
ihip ; which Committee chofc the Firjl Twelve Portmen. 
At the third Seffion, they ordered a Common- Seal to be 
made ; and chofe an Alderman of the Merchants Gild, 
with four Affociates to affift him. 

The fecond Great Court was held on the Sunday next 
after September 8, in the fame Year, and in the fame 

In the Parifh of 


St. Margaret 


St- Clement 

St. Mary at Key 
Broolci Hamlet 
Wyke's Hamlet 
St. Matthew - 

21 + 




St. Geo 


St. Auflin imth Stoke — 

St. Nicholas 

St. Mary at Elms 

St. Mary at Tonjjer 

St. Laurens • 

St. Stephen ■■ 









This was in ^\\.\n^ Richard M. or 1381. Bacon's M.S. 
Fol. 94. 

(e) See what is faid of Korivich, under the Article of Bec» 
(h, in IVangford H u ndrsd . 

24 Ipswich wiib its Suburbs. 

Church-yard ; when they re-ele(5lecl the fame two Per- 
ibns to be Baiiives for the fuccecding Year. The fecond 
IbelTion of this Court was held by Adjournment in the 
Church of St. Mary Tower ; when the Common Seal 
Was produced, and three Perfons were appointed to keep 
that and the Charter, who were the Firjl Clavigers. 
Soon after, in this Year, the Priors of Trinity and St. 
Peter s Priories were admitted Free Burgefles, paying 
Fines, viz. the Prior of Trinity Twenty Shilh'figs, and the 
Prior of St. Piters One Mare, in Aid of the Expence in 
obtaining the Charter. Roger Bigot^ Earl of Norfolky 
was likewife admitted a Free Burgefs ; and it is men- 
tioned as a Reafon, becaufc the faid Earl aflifted in 
procuring the King's Charter, to he delivered to the 

But, even after the Enfranchifsment took place, the 
'BoroM'^s in. Dc7:::fne found this farther Inconvenience, 
that they were obliged in all Aids made to the King m 
Parliament, to pay a greater Proportion than the other 
free Subjects did. Thus, in 22 King Edivard I, when 
the Subjecls in general were aiTefTed one Tenth of their 
perfonal Effects, the City of London and the other Cities 
and Boroughs in Detnejne^ paid one fixth Part of their 
Perfonaky } and, in the next Year, when the Kingdom 
in general was affeffed for one eleventh Pa.'^t, the 
Cities and Boroughs in Demejne paid one feventh. And 
after the Citizens and Burgcffes were regularly fun-.moned 
to Parliament, as well as the Earb, Barons, and Knights 
of the Shires, it became a fettled Rule, that the Cities 
and Borough in Dcrncjnc^ fhould give about one Third 
more^ than the Earls, Barons and Knights did grant. 
Thus in 24- Edward 1. when the People in general paid 
a Thirtieth Part, the Citizens and Burgeffcs in Demejhe 
paid a Twentieth ; 1 Edward II. when the People in ge- 
jieral paid one Twentieth Part, the Burgefes in De?nefne 
paid one Fifteenth \ awd in 12 Edward II. when the reft 


Ipswich ivith //j S u b u r b s. 25 

v^ere taxed an Eighteenth, the Burgejfes in Dcmefne were 
taxed one Twelfth Part. It doth lariher appear from ;d 
Writ in 43 Edward III. that Ipfwich was the only Bo- 
rough in this County, that was in the ancient Demefne oi 
the Crown, (f). 

King Edwardl. in the Thirteenth Year of hjs Reign, 
for certain Excefles and Offences by the Burgeflcs of 
Ipfwich committed (but what thefe were is not men- 
tioned) fcized the Borough into his own Hands, and 
Icept it till his 19th Year ; when being pleafed, (as it is 
faid,) with the Service performed by fome Ships from 
Ipfwich, in his Expedition againft Scotland; he re-grante4 
the Borough with its Liberties, ^V. to the Biirgcffcs, and 
confirfned the Charters of King "John and Henry II f. bj 
his Charter, dated at Berwick 23 June 19 Edward III. or 
A. D. 110)1. But he puniflied, the Town fufnciently, 
by raifing the Annual Rent full 50 per Cent, for inftead 
oi Sixty Marcs, he made it Sixty Pounds ; and thus ithatb. 
continued ever fince (g). And perhaps a better Reafoa 
may be affigned for his reftoring the Charters, than that 
before- mentioned ; fince it appears from that Part of the 
Sheriff of A^(5r/d?/^'s Account which we have feen, that 
the King did not receive io much from the Borough 
during the Seizure, as the Annual Fee-farm thus raifed 
amounted to. But Bacon's MS. fays, Philip Harneis^ 
John Clement, Vivian Silvejler, and 'John Brifet did i« 
iS Echvard I. account for 60 /. Farm, during the King's 
Pleafure ; and that this appeareth from Rot. Mag. Norf, 
in the Exchequer; io this Agreement might fix the An-« 
nual Rent at 60 /. 


(f) -Sr/?^, p. 41. 

^g) Out of the Fee-farm due annually from this Borough, 
the Corporation, by Queen E/izabetl/s School Charter, is 
authorized to detain 24/. 6s. %d. for the Maft-^r's Salary; 
and 14/. 6j. 2>d. for the Ufher's Salary; the remahiing 
Sum of 21 /. 6s. 8^. was fold in the Reign of K. ^harki 11, 
j^nd is now the Property of Robert Edgar, Efcj; 

26 I p s v/ 1 c H wiib its Suburbs. 

As foon as their Charters were rcftorcd, the Burffefles 
elcded Twenty-Four Men to act as a Committee, 
and to colIe<Sl the ancient Ufagcs and Cuftoms of the 
Borough, and to enroll them, that they might be better 
known and afcertained than they had been fince the £- 
lopement of one John Blake., who was the Town-Clerk ; 
and in the laft Year of King Henry III. he fled from the 
Town, and carried away fome of their Records. When 
the Body of Twenty-four Men was firft inftitutcd, doth 
not appear ; but we think it not improbable, that it 
might have its Rife from this Committee ; yet we do 
rot find them mentioned as a Body., before the Time df 
EdwardYV. but then they are mentioned as having been 
long in Ufe. 

There are feveral ancient Ufages and Cuftoms, fome 
of which continue to this Day. Particularly, 

1. Upon an Alienation after Seifin of Tenements in 
the faid Tov/n delivered to a Purchafer, the Wife of the 
Vender may come into Court, and being folely examined, 
may acknowledge that Alienation to be done with her 
Confentj and that Recognizance being enrolled, is 

2. Tenements in Fee may be devifed by Will, and 
by Cuftom of the Town, fuch Wills may be proved (h) 
and enrolled, and Sefin fhall be delivered to him tg 
V'hom they are bequeathed. 

3. Every Heir Male or Female is of full Age at the 
Age o{ Fourteen Years; and then the Friends who have 
received the Rents during the Minority, fhall account. 

4. All 

(h) The Ufage was to prove fuch Wills as devifed Lands 
or Houfes before the Baili-ver, when the Town-Clerk endorfed 
upon them a Memorandum of luch Probat, and then fuch 
Wills were proved and lodged in the Spiritual Courts, for the 
Perfonalty. Many Wills are in the Archdeacon's Ofnce with 
fuch Endorfements ; f»me as late as the Time cf King 
Henry VIU. 

Ipswich with its Suburbs. ly 

4. All Tenements in this Town are partable, as well 
-between Heirs Male as Heirs Female (i)^ if they be not 
foreclofed by Gift or Bequeit of their Anceflor. 

5. If a Burgefs take a Wife, vi^hetber Damfel or 
Widow, fo that he wedded no other Wife afore, and the 
Wife out-h"ye her Hufband ; the Wife fliail have all the 
chief Place of her Huiband Vv'hereof he died feifed in 
the faid Town in his Domain^ as of Fee, to hold in Name 
of Free-hanky while ihe keeps her Widowhood, without 
making Wafte or Alienation in Dijherifon of the Heir. 

6. Ail thofe that have Lands and Tenements in the 
Town, whether Male or Female, and can reckon and 
count; and have accomplifhed. the Age of Fourteen 
Years, may give his Land or Freehold, or fell it, oj: lett 
it, and of his Right quit Claim for evermore, as if he 
had accomplifhed the Age of Twenty-one Years. 

7. A Woman Covert may be compelled to anfwer in 
9 Plea of Trefpafs, on Pain of imprifonment, in like 
manner as fhe would were (he file ; fo that the Trefpafs 
be perfonal, and touch not Freehold, 

The Body of Portmen were not originally created by 
Charter, but appointed by the BurgelTes, as we faid be- 
fore. How long they continued, doth not certainly ap- 
pear ; but that they were not kept up in the Beginning 
of King Edward the Second's Reign, is clear : For about 
the -^A Edward II. or J. D. 131 0, the BurgefTes refolved 
to revive that Order, and elecSled Tvjenty-fiven Men out 
of the feveral Pariihes, 'vi%. St. Margaret's, 4 ; St. Mary 
Tower, 4 ; St. Matthew and St. George, 3 ; St. Laurence 
and St. Stephen, 4 ; St. Mary Elms and St. Nicholas, 4 ; 


(i) T\i\i IS caWtd. Gavelkind, and furnifhes another Proof 
of the fervile State of the ancient BurgeiTes ; For wherever 
this Cuftorn obtained, it was originally introduced by the Po- 
licy of the Chief Lord, in order to keep all their Vafials as 
near as might be upon an Equality with each other ; that fo 
their own Superiority over them all, might appear the more 
confiderabie and confpicuous. 

28 Ipswich 'U}ith its Suburbs. 

St. Peter and St. AuJ^'m^ 4 ; St. Mary Key and St. Cle- 
merit, 4. Thefe made a Committee, who were to choofe 
Twelve Portmen to prcferve the Laws, Cuftoms, isfc. and 
to do all other Things as the other Twelve Alen ufed to 
do } and, upon a Death it was agreed, the Eleven (hould 
choofe another in his Stead (k). 

About 18 King Edzuard III. Ifilli^m SJjarford fat as 
Judge of Affize here ; and, being a morofe Man, he 
was fo offended with the Magiftrates for not apprehend- 
ing fome Sailors who had behaved, as he thought, rudely 
towards him {/J, that he caufcd the King to leize the 
Liberties : So the Government of the Town was com- 
mittcfl to the Sheriff of Norfolk and Sufolk ; and Ed- 
ward Noon was deputed by him as Keeper of the Town. 
But this did not laft aoove a Year ; for tho' upon the 
Monday after St. Mattheiu [Sept. 21.) a Court was held 
before Edivard Nocn, Deputy-Keeper^ yet on the Lord's 
Day after the Affumption of the V^irgin Mary [Aug. 15.) 
following, a Court was holden before John de Prcjhun 
and William Ringold Bailiffs, as ufual [ni). 

Next to the Charter of King John that of 24 King 
He>jry\l. was mofl beneficial ; by this he incorporated 
the Town by the Name of " The BurzeJJh cf Ipfivich." 
He authorifed them in every Year to ele<Sl two Burgejfes 
to be Bailives at the accujiomcd Time arid Place, to exer- 
cife that Office for one whole Tear. He granted to the 
Bailives, and Four fuch other Burgeffes as the faid Bai- 
lives fhall be plcafed to take to them out of the Twelve 


[k] Banns, MS. Fol. 49. 

(I) It is faid the Cafe was this : The Sailors thought the 
Judge Hayed too long at Dinner; fo at laft one of them fat 
upon the Bench, and csufed another to make Proclamation, 
requiring^ William Sharford to come into Court, and fare his 
Fine ; who not appearing, the Sailor-Judge fined him. This 
was the Offence. 

(m) i3i.vj/;'s iMS. Fol. 76. 


Ipswich with its S o b u r c s. 29 

Pcttmcu{n)y the OfEce of Juftice of the Peace, ^c, 
within the faid Town ; granted all Fines, Forfeitures, 
and Amercements arifing ficm the OfEce of Juftice of 
the Peace, &c. and the Aflize of Bread, Wine, and Ale; 
appointed fuch one of the Bailives, as at the time of 
their Eledion the Burgeffes (hall choofe, to be Efcheator; 
and exprefsly granted the Admiralty and Clerkfhip of 
the Market. 

■ King Henry VI. being of the Houfe of Lancajfer, his 
Succeflbr EdwardW, recites in his Charter all the Char- 
ters of the former Kings, but takes no notice of this. 
From hence it has happened that the Charter of King 
Henry VI. is never mentioned. But it is certain the 
Burgefles accepted it, and ad:ed under it ; for in 26 
Henry VI. it v/as ordered that all the Profits of the 
Offices of Efcheator and Jufiice of the Peace Ihould be 
applied towards the Expence of the Building at the End 
of the Hall of Pleas. Robert Wode was the firft Efchea- 
tor, elected in Form 24 Henry VI. It is to be obferved, 
that tho' the Afiize of Bread, &c. and the Offices of 
Admiral and Clerk of the Market were firfl expreisly 
granted in this Charter of Henry VI. the Bailives did 
always exercife thofe Oflices by the Cu/io?n of the Town, 
Thus particularly, on a Shio Warranto for removing the 
Fifh-Market in the Time of Henry lU. they juftified 
themfelves by the Cujiom^ and that Plea was admitted, 
Bacon\ MS. 

Tho' Edivard IV. would take no notice of the pre- 
ceding Charter, he himfelf granted all the Privileges 
mentioned in that, with the following Alterations and 
Additions, v'i%. 

He incorporated the Town by the Name of the Bailiffs, 
Burgeffes^ and Commonalty of the Town of Ipfivich. He 
confined the Election of Bailives exprefsly to 8 September, 


(«) This is the firft mention that is made of the Portmtn 
In any Chart^-, 

30 Ipswich with its Suburbs. 

and in the Guild-Hall, and they were to ferve for on? 
Year from thence next following [o). And he exprefsly 
exempted the Burgefles from Service on Juries. 

The fucceeding Kings confirmed the Charters of their 
Predecefibrs ; but the moft interefting Charter fince thofe 
of Henry VI. and Edward IV. was that of King 
CharlesW. who in \ns feventeenthYe^iV (to re£lify fome 
Irregularities, and fettle fome Difputes which had arifen 
in the preceding Times of Confufion, particularly with 
regard to the Ele<aion of Pori?nen^ and the Twenty- four 
chief Conftables) granted his Charter, in which he con- 
firmed the High Steward, the Twelve Portmen^ the 
Twenty-four chief Conftables, the Recorder and Towrt>- 
Ckrh for that Time being, by their Names \ and directed 
that upon the Death or Removal of one or more of the 
Portmen or Chief Conflahles^ all Elections of Portmen 
Ihould be made by the P^ejl or Refidiie of the Portmcny 
and all Elefliions of the Ivjenty-four ihould be made by 
the Reft or Refidut of them, l^c. ijc. 

After the Example of moft other Boroughs, towards 
the latter End of the Reign of King Charles II. the Bur- 
gefles of Ipfwich furrendered their Charter ; and, inftead 
of it, in 36 Charles IL he gave them another, which re- 
duced the Number of Chief Conftables to Eighteen ; and 
in this a Power was referved, that the Crown might by 
an Order of Council, turn out any of the Portmen and 


[0) From this ExpreJIion fome have obje£led to the Pradice 
of fwearing the TiCW 'BsW'wti on M:ch-:e!mas-Day ; and the 
Contenders on different Sides have at different Times availed 
themfelwes of the ObjeAion. But conll.int Ufage hath more 
Weight than the Words of a Charter ; And it is certain, the 
Cuftom hath alavnys been to fwear the Bailives on the 29th 
Septembet-, and they have conAantly ferved their Office until 
the Michaelmas-Day following. Nay, it doth ftill appear upon 
Record, that this was the Ufage within nine Years after the 
Grant of Ednjjard the Fourth's Charter ; for in the Month of 
Mat, 12 Edixard IV. William Style wa? elci^cd Bailiff in the 
room of J:h'2 Crryk deceafed, to execute the Office with 
John l-l'alkKoyth, the Other Bailiff, until the Feaji o/St. Mcbael 
next folliixing. Gr. Court Bopk. 

IpswicH with //J Suburbs. gt 

Eighteen Chief-Conftables, when and as often as his 
Majefty, or his Succeflbrs, (liould be pleafed fo to do.-- 
In confequence of this referved Power King James II. 
by two Orders of Council dated the 27 Jpril and 25 
May, A.D. 1688, out of the Thirty Portmen and Chief 
Conftables, adually removed Twenty -three. But tho' 
the Burgefles received this Charter, and a6ted v»nder it, 
yet the Surrender of the Town made to K. Charles II. 
was not enrolled t nor was any Judgment entered upon 
Record, upon the ^10 JFarranto brought againft the 
Corporation in the Reign of King Charles II. And 
therefore upon the Publication of King James's Procla- 
mation of 17 October, 1688, the Bailives, Pcrtmen, and 
Twenty-four Men, who had a6led under the firft Charter 
of I J Charles 11. refumed their Fundtions ; they alfem- 
bled and filled up their Bodies refpedlively, and from 
theft Portmen and tbefe Twenty-four Men are the prefent 
Portmen and Twenty-four Men, in Succeflion derived. 

The remaining Portmen in 1688, were, John Burroughs 
*Charles Wright, ^Lawrence Stifled, Richard Philips^ 
Richard Sparrow, ^William Neave, William Browne^ 
'^ Edward Reynolds, and *John Blomfield. The remaining 
Twenty-four Men, were, * Robert Ridnal, *John Saivyer^ 
J. Firman, * J. Camplin, *Tho. Bright, *J. Gibbon, *RoL 
Cockeril, *Rob. Smith, *Rob. Manning, Truth A'srris, 
*James Page, *Nat. Bateman, *Hen. Sparowe, *Hen, 
Capon, *Tho. Riches, *Wm. Tye, *Nic. Philips and J. 
Reeve (p). 

The Borough fends two Members to Parliament, who 
are eleded by the Burgefles at large, in Number be- 
tween 600 and 700. 


(p) Thofe who have this Mark [*} were either left out 
cf the Eighteen-Charter, or were removed by K. femes If. 
This King did a;fo grant the Town a Charter, in tlie laft 
Year ot his Keign ; by which he increafcd tue Number of 
Chief Conltables to the ancient Number of Twenty-four ; 
but it doth not apjcar 10 us, that thb Charter was accepted, 
or that the Corporation aifled under it, and therefore we take 
no farther Notice of it. 

32 Ipswich "vi-ith its Suburbs. 

The principal Officers in the Corporation at prefenC 
lire, two Ballives, a High- Steward, a Recorder, Twelve 
Porcmcn, of whom four are Juftices of the Peace j a 
Town-Clerk ; Twenty-four Chief Conftables, of whom 
two are Coroners ; and the Twelve Seniors are Head- 
boroughs ; a Treafurer, and two Chamberlains, to col- 
lect the R.evenues of the Town. The Corporation have 
alfo fifteen Livery -Servants, viz. five Muficians, four 
Serjeants at Mace, two Beadles, a Common-Cryer, a 
Water-Bailiff", a Goaler, and a Bridewell-Keeper. 

-^/2 A c c o u N T of the Churches, Religious 
Hoiifes^ and other Buildings, &c. &c. in 
I P b W I C H, /V^ Suburbs, and PrecinBs, 

TH E following Churches are mentioned in Domes- 
day-Book, as {landing in the Conqueror's Time, 
'viz. The Holy Trinity, St. j^ujiin, St. Alichacl, St. Mary, 
St. Botclph [i. e. UHniton Church], St. Lauraice, St. Peters, 
St. Stephen, and Thurlwejion. Of thefe, the three for- 
mer are dov/n and not rebuilt. \^Edw. I. or A. D. 

1287. *' On New year's Day at Night, ?.s well through 
*' Vehemency of the Wind as Violence of the Sea, many 
" Churches were overthrown and deftroyed, not only at 
*' Yarmouth, Dimwich, and Ipfwich, but alfo in divers 
** other Places in Englanciy Stotve's Annals. 

There are at prefent. i. Si. Clement : This Church 
was early and wholly irr.propiiated to the Priory of St. 
Pf/tr, without any Vicarage created ; and its being thus 
impropriated, when the laft Valuation was made, occa- 
fioned its not being valued in the King's Books (q). 


(q) But it pays a Fee-farm Rent of 40/. 

Ipswich with its Suburbs. 3^ 

The Impropriation was granted, 7 Edw. VI. to William 
Webb and Willia?n Breton ; but afterwards it came into 
the Hands of Robert Broke and Willia??i Blo'fe, who pre- 
fented a Clerk to the Redory in A. D. 1606, and there- 
by reftored the Re(Slor to all the Rights and Dues which 
he was entitled to before the Impropriation was made. 
This Church is now confolidated with St. Hellen's. 
** K. Richard gzve Wykes a Member of Ipfwich [and in 
*' this Parifti] to John Oxetiford Bifhop of Norwich^ 
*' which (hall anfwer to Ipfwich for 10/. (r); and the 
*' Bifhop o( Norwich holdeth it, but it is not known by 
'* what Service," The Hamlet and Manor of Wykes- 
Bijhop was afterwards confirmed to yohn le Gray^ Bifhop 
of Norwich, by K, John j and it belonged to the Bifhops 
oi Norwich till it was given to K. HenryN\i\, by Ad of 
Parliament in 1535; who granted it A.D. 1545, to 
Sir 'John Jcrmie, Knt. While the Bifliops of Norzuich 
had it, they ufed frequently to refide at their Houfe fi- 
tuated near the Souih-fide of the Road, leading towards 
Nation from Bijhops-Hill ; where there is now a fquare 
Field, which fecms as if formerly it had been moated 
round. Many Inflitutions, i^c. are faid in the Books at 
Norwich, to have been granted at this Place. The Ma- 
nor of Wykes-Bijhop is now vefled in the Heirs of Sir 
Samuel Barnardijion, of Brightwell. The Church of . 
Wykes is fometimes mentioned in old Writings j but it 
is not known where it flood j and pofnbly it might be no 
more than a Chapel, for the Ufe of the Bifhop and his 

Within this Parifh of St. Clement lieth alfo Part of the 

Hamlet of Wykes Ufford^ tho' the greater Part of it is in 

theParifhes of Rujkmcrc and Wejierjield\ it was fo called 

D from 

(r) Tpfvokh Domefday. It appears by an Account copied 
into this Book, that in the Time oi Ricbara'l. the Town 
ufed to pay 10/ per Ann. to the Bifliop of Norn.vich, which 
was allowed to them and deduiled out of the Fee-Farm 

34 Ipswich wiih its Suburbsi 

from- the Family of De Vffords, who were Earls of Suf'- 
folk^ to whom it was formerly granted. William de Uf^ 
ford. Earl of Suffolk^ died feifed of it 5 Richard II. Af- 
terwards the IVilloughbys had it by Defcent from Charles^ 
Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. In Q^ Elizabeth's Time Sir 
John Breives, then Sir Edmund tVythipoL, and it hath gone 
with Chrijl-Church Eftate ever fuice, being now vefted in 
Thojnas Former e an, Efq; 

Beyond St. Clement's Street, and between the two 
Hamlets flood St. James's Chapel (s), now wholly down : 
This did, probably, belong to St. James's Hofpital. And 
the Field near which it flood, is Glebe belonging to the 
Rectory of St. Hellen. From hence, and from the Grant 
of St. James's Fair, it may be conjedured that there was 
fome Connexion betv/een St. Jam.es's Hofpital and the 
Leprous- Houfe of St. Alary Magdalene, which is faid to 
have flood fome where oppofite to St. Hellen's Church, 
Certain it is, King John, within three Weeks after he 
fuccccdcd to the Crown, granted a Fair to the Lepers of 
St. Mary Magdalene in Ipfwich, to be held on the Day 
and Morrow of St. Janus the Apoftle > fome fmall Re- 
mains of which Fair flill continue. When the Leprous- 
Houfe of St. Mary A^agdalene was diflblved, the Reve- 

(sj St. JameCi Chapel flood adjoinhig to the South-weft 
Corner of that Piece of Ciround after-mentioned, which is 
Glebe belonging to the Reiftory ot St. Hellen, and from the 
Ufe to which it was for many Years applied, called the Rope.- 
Ground. For afer the Site of it was built upon, it was fold 
by Thomas EJ/lirgtov, Lord of Bright-ivfll, and ot the Manor 
oi Wykci-Bijhvp in A.D. 16,^ •^•^d in the Conveyance to 
one A'ei:/f, "he fells the IVieflliage called or known. by the 

*' 'Name of tie Ow/e'l , and the Yard called the Cha- 

*' pel-yard, containing half an Acre iifhre or lefs, now in- 
" clofed within a Pale, as the fame are fituated in the Ham- 
** let of Wykes-B'ifiop, between the common Way lending 
" from St Vlnnent\-'\\czXXo Kixhy on the North, and the 
" common Way leading from Jpfixich to Colneis on the South, 
*' and abut upon the Rope yard towards the Eiil, and upon 
" a fm,.ll Alley leading from the. faid con^mon V\ay, C5V. to« 
*' to tiie common Way, l5c. aforeiaid, towards the VVeil.''' 

Ipswich with //j S u b u r b s. 55 

nues oi it were annexed to the Re£lory of St. HeUtn of 
Caldwell, 9 HenryW\\(t). and with them probably the 
Revenues of St. "James's Hofpital ; for, befide the Piece 
of Glebe before-mentioned, the Redor of St. Hellen was 
entitled to fome Portion of the Tythes arifing annually 
from the Lands in the Hamlet of irykes-Bifiop ; and for 
this Portion, a Compofition was coijftantly paid by the 
Redlor of St. Cle?nent, before the Confolidation of the 
two Churches, when they were in different Hands. 

2. St. Helhi. Altho' this Church was formerly impro- 
priated to the Hofpital of St. Janm, or St. Mary Magda- 
lene, it hath been inftifuted into a Redlory, above two 
hundred Years. The Bifhop of Noriuicb had the Ad- 
vowfon till he parted with the Manor o^ IFykcs. 

In a Field almoft oppofitc to CaUhvdl-Hall, now called 
Cold-Hall, on the South of the Road leading to Kefgrave, 
flood the Church of St. John Bapiif, m Caldwell; of 
which there are no Remains. It was impropriated to 
Trinity Priory, and granted with that to Sir Thomas Pope. 
The Church of St. Hellen enjoyeth at this Day a Piece 
of Land within the Chauntry- Lands in Sprcurhicn and 
Stoke ; two Pieces of which Chauntry-Lands, are thus 
defcribed : *' The South Head whereof abutteth upon the 
*' Meadow pertaining to the Church of Cakkvcll in part, 
** ^c." And then follow, *' Two Meadows lying to- 
♦* gether in Sproughton and Stoke, abutting upon the Mea- 
" dow pertaining to the Church of St. Hellenes in Cald- 
" well, towards the Weft." J 267921 

St. Edmund a Pountney, corruptly (o called for Pon- 

tiniac in France, where he was buried, had a Chapel 

which flood towards the South- weft Corner of i^j/v;;^//- 

lane, Brook-Jlreet ; and which was impropriated to St. 

D 2 Peter\ 

(t) A Piece of Ground Eall of tie upper Rope walk in 
St. Llewenrs Paiiih ; and behind, that is, South of the Hcufes 
oppofitj to the Church of St. Heilen, is Glebe belonging to the 
faid Ch'jrch ; ard probablv, here this Leprous Houie mipht 

36 Ipswich wiih its Suburb s. 

Peter's Priory ; but being in the Gift of the Bifhop of 
Norwich^ as St. Hellens was, they were given to the 
fame Incumbent till they were united. John de Bergham 
is mentioned 26 Edzvard I. as Parfon of St. Edmund's 
Chapel, in Ipfivicb. This St. Edmund was Archbifhop 
of Canterbury, and being weary of the Pope's Exactions 
in England, became a voluntary Exile at Pont'iniac in- 
France, where he died, A.D. 1240 [ii] j with the Ho- 
nour and Reputation of a Saint. The Reclor of St. 
Hellen enjoys a Portion of Corn -Tithes from certain 
Lands in Hcxne, one Field of which is called Pountney Clofe j 
and thefe Tithes did, probably, belong to this Chapel. 

3. St. Laurence is faid, in Domefday, to have had twelve 
Acres of Land. Norman, the Son of Eadnoth, gave this 
Church to Trinity Priory, who got it impropriated to 
them. But there having been no Praedial Tithes belong- 
ing to it for many Years, there was no Grant of the Im- 
propriation at the DifTolution. The prefent Building 
was begun by John Bottold, who died A. D. 1431 (x). 
The Chancel was built by John Baldiuyn, Draper, who 
died A. D. 1449; and his Name is in the Stone-vi'ork. 
tinder the Eaft Window, now plaftered over. Several 
Legacies were about that time given towards building 
the Steeple. 

A.D. 15 1 4. Edmund Daundy, Portman of Ipfwichy 
founded a Chauntry in this Church for a Secular Priefl to 
offer at the Altar of St. Thomas, In Behalf of himfelf 
and his Relations, among whom he reckoned Thomai 
Woljey, then Dean of Lincoln \ and his Parents Robert 


(u) Vid. Mat. Paris. 

(x) Upon removing a Pew In this Church {JVeai'er faith, 
p. 750,) an ancient Monument came to Light; which is as- 
follows : 

Subjacet hoc lapuie John Bottold, -x'/r probus ipfe 

Jjlius ecclef.fe primus inceptor fuit ijie, 

Ciijui aniinfe, Dominc, iniferere tu bone Cbrijle. 

Obiu MCCCCXXXI. Litera DominiccMi. G. 

Ipswich with its Suburbs. 37 

and Jane Wolfey, then deceafed : And gave this Prieft and 
his Succefibrs, his Houfe in St. Lawrence Parilh, for a 
Manfion : And his Lands in Sprotighton^ Stoke, and Al- 
nefborne^ for a Maintenance. Mr. Daundy firfl; built the 
Market-Crofsj and was one of the moft refpedable Men 
of the Town, in his Time. All his Daughters married 
Gentlemen of good Fortune ; and the Iflue of one of 
them, was the Wife of Lord-Keeper Bacon. It appears 
then, that Cardinal TVolfey was well allied , and as we 
meet with nothing that gives the leaji Countenance to the 
common Notion of his being the Son of a Butcher (jj, 
it is very probable that his Parents v/ere not in fuch mean 
Circumflances, as the Cardinal s Enemies have taught 
the World to believe. See St. Nicholas. 

In the Church-Cheft of this Parifli, fliuffled in among 
-other Deeds, a Receipt was lately found, given by Ed- 
ward Grymejion to Lionel Tahnage and WilUam Fq/ler, 
Efquires, John Hollarid and Matthew Goodyng, Bailiffs 
of Ipfwich, (Commiflioners for the Sale of Church Goods 
within the faid Town,) acknowledging the following 
Particulars, viz. Thirty-eight Pounds Seven Shillings and 
Four-pence in ready Money, arifing from Goods already 
fold by them ; Four Hundred Threefcore and Seventeen 
Ounces and a half of Plate ; Eight Copes of Cloth of 
"Gold and TilTue ; Two Veftments of Cloth of Gold and 
Tiflue ; and Two Tunicles of Cloth of Gold and TifTue, 
to be delivered over to the Ufe of the King's Majefty by 
the faid Edxvard Gryjnejion \ dated 28 May, 7 Ediv. VI. 
oxA.D. 1553. 

D 3 St. 

(y) The vulgar Notion is, that the CarSnal built the 
Shambles, in the Market-fquare ; but this cannot be true : 
For it is certain they were re-built, or at leaft very thoroughly 
repaired in 40 of Elizabeth; when a great Quantity of Tim- 
ber was taken down for this Purpofe, upon the Manors of 
Uherjlone Hall and Sackvyles, in DeberJmm. Had they been 
built by Wolfey, they could not in fo fhort a Time have wanted 
fuch Repair. For we think, nothing confiderable hath been 
•done to them from that Time to this. 

3 5 Ipswich "ujith its Suburbs. 

4. St. MargareUTWxs Church was impropriated to th? 
Priory of the Holy Trinity. — Trinity Church, froiri which 
probably the Priory had its Name, Hood near St. Mar- 
garet'' s Church-yard ; and is mentioned in Domcjday, as 
being endowed in the Conqueror's Time with Twenty- 
fix Acres of Land. The ftrong Foundation of this Steeple 
was, within thele few Years, undermined and blown up 
with Gunpowder. The Priory was founded and chiefly 
endovvcd before A.D. I177, by Nor?nan Gajlrode, for 
Black Canons of the Order of St, Aujlin ; the Founder 
became one of the firft Canons. King i7(7;?r^ II. granted 
the Prior and Convent a Fair on Holy- Rood Ds-y, Sept. 14. 
to continue for three Days. Not long after the Founding 
of this Monaflery, the Church and the OfHces were burnt 
down ; but they were rebuilt by yohn of Oxford, Bifho^i 
of Norivich ; v.hereupon King Richard I. gave the Pa- 
tronage of the Priory to him and his Succeflbis. The 
Grant of the Fair was afterwards confirmed by K. John, 
who, moreover, gave .to the Priory all the Lands and 
Rents formerly Iclongifig to the Churches of St. A'lichael, 
and St. Saviour'sy in Jhfwich. From this Expreflion, it 
fccms as if both thcfj Churches were even then dilapi- 
dated. No Man knows at this Day where they flood y 
but there is a fort of uncertain Tradition, which fays, 
the Church of St. Saviour flood behind St. Mary Elms^ 
fomewhere in the Garden belonging to the Houfe of' 
Robert Milnery Efqj in Wejlgatc-flrect, And that the 
Church of St. Michael^ which is faid in Domefday to have 
had tight Acres of Land, flood fomewhere near to the 
Church of St. Nicholas (z). The Re\cnuc3 of this Priory 
in 26 i/i^/ry VIII. were valued at 88/. 6 s. gd. per Aw/. 
and were granted 1^6 Henry \'U\. to S'lv Thomas Pope. 
7'hcre is now a good Seat called Cirif -Churchy built by 
Sir Edmund IVhitapolcy and inclofed within a Pale. Sir 
£d;nund's or.ly Child was married to Lcicejhr Lord Vif- 

(r.) See St. Nichia; aftcru'ardf, and St Mary E!//:s. 

Ipswich with its Suburbs. 39 

«)unt Hereford^ whofe Heirefs married Pryce late Lord 
Vifcount Hereford^ and this Eftate was fold by Him to 
Claude Fonnereau, Efq; whofe eldeft Son and Heir Thomas 
Fonnereau^ Efq; Member of Parliament for the Borough 
of Sudbury, in this County, doth now enjoy it. 

The Church of ^t. Ma^-gar-ct is not mentioned in 
Domefday, fo that it was not then in being ; but the 
Church of the Holy Trinity being wholly appropriated to 
tke Ufe of the Prior and Convent, we think this Church 
might be built for the Ufe of the Parifliioners. 

The Parliamentary Vifitors who aded in Suffolk, by 
virtue of a Warrant from the Earl of Manchefler in the 
Year 1648, and who from their Hatred of painted 
Glafs, may be called, The PFindoiv -breaking Vifitors^ took 
down from this Church the twelve Apoftles in Stone, 
and ordered between twenty and thirty Pidlures to be 
taken down. This appears from the Journal of William 
Dowfing, of Stratford, who was principally concerned 
and had a power of appointing Deputies to vifit and de- 
face Churches in Suffolk ; a Part of which Journal ac- 
cidentally came into our Hands. 

5. St. Mary at Elms. This Church was given to Trinity 
Priory by Jlan the Son of Edgar Jlcto, and Richard the 
Son of Alan. But there feems to have been no Grant 
made of the Impropriation, fince the Diffolution of that 
Monaftery. In Domefday Book only one Church is 
mentioned, as dedicated to St. Mary ; which is fuppofed 
to be St- Mary at Tower. From hence we may conclude, 
that this Church was not then built; but that it fuQ- 
ceeded the dilapidated Church of St. Saviour, as St. 
Hellenes did that of St. John in Caldzvell, and as St. Ni- 
cholas was built inftead of St. Michael's Church. And if 
this be admitted, we will add one further Conjedlure, 
that it might probably be built upon the very Spot where 
St. Saviour's Church ftood. See the Account of Trinity 
Priory, in the Parifii of St. Margaret above. 

D 4 Oppofitc 

4© Ipswich wiib its S u n u r b s. 

Oppofite to this Church, an Alms-houfc has lately been 
creeled, in purfuance of the Will of Mrs. Ann Smyth of 
Z.o?/i^<j«, Widow, who left 5CC0/. for it; but there be- 
ing a Deficiency of Affets, after adjulting all Claims, 
the Court of Chancery appointed 4432/. 5^. id. for 
this Purpofc, which v/as laid out in South-Sea Annui- 
ties ; and the Miniflcrs of St. Peter and St. Mary at Elms^ 
in Ipfvuich^ for the Time being, were appointed Truftees 
for it. The Reverend Mr. Cornwallis and Mr. Bijhop, 
the prefent Minifters of thefe two Parifhes, generoufly 
accepted the Trufl, without having the leafl: Confidera- 
tion for their Trouble ; and this Building hath been con- 
dudled by them : But, as ihcy built with the Intereft 
only, without breaking in upon the principal Sum, it is 
not yet compleatcd : When it is, twelve poor Women 
are to be maintained in it. 

6. St. Adary at Kay. This Church was impropriated to 
the Priory of St. Peter^ and all the Tithes belonging to 
it were granted 7 Edward VI. to JFebb and Breton. The 
Church was new-built fmce the Year 1448, when 
Richard Gczvty was a confiderable Benefaclor to it ; for 
by his Will in that Year made, he ordered his Body to 
be buried in the Church-yard of St. Mary at the Kay^ in 
Jpfvj'ich, and gave Calyon-Jlone for the whole new Church, 
which was to be built in the faid Church-yard. 

North of this Church but within this Parifh, was a 
Houfe of Black Friers Domhiicam^ called the Friers 
Preachers, who fettled here in the latter End of the Reign 
of King Henry III. It was founded by Hcmy Manfby^ 
Henry Redred, zr\^ Heyiry Lcudhain , granted '^iHcn.WW. 
to JVilliam Sahyn, but bought by the Corporation of Mr, 
Southwell. It was of large Extent, for it reached from 
Siar-lane to Dirty-lane^ in St. Margaret <> Parifh. It is 
applied to fevcral ufeful Purpofes. Here is an Hofpital 
for poor Boys ; a Grammar- School Room ; a Publick 
Library ; a Brid;;\vcil i and a great Part of it makes 


Ipswich with its Suburb s. 41 

Habitations for the Poor of Mr. Tooky's Foundation. In 
the Yard belonging to it ftands the Shirc-Hoiife, It is 
perhaps as entire, as any fuch Houfe of equal Antiquity, 
and is well defcribed in the Print that is publifhed 
of it. 

7. St. Mary at Stoke. " King Eadgar gave Stoke^ aMem- 
*« ber of Ipfiuich, to St. Etheldred [Domefday] ;" i. e. to 
the Prior and Convent of Ely. This Gift includes the 
Hamlet, (which takes in Part of the Parilh of Sproughton) 
together with the Advowfon of the Redory, and the 
Manor of Sioh-Hali; by which Word we do not mean 
the modern Houfe by the Church, but what is now called 
Stoke-Park. It is faid in Do?nefday, to be of the yearly 
Value of Ten Pounds ; and had in the Confeflbr's Time 
five Carucates of Land, and nine Villains for the Manor j 
then fifteen Bordars ; one Church of forty Acres of ixcQ 
Land ; one Mill ; twenty Acres of Meadow j and a 
Mediety of a Loche beyond the Bridge, then of the Va- 
lue of One Hundred Shillings. King Eadgar s Grant was 
executed with great Solemnity, as appears from the Deed 

itfelf, Ego Eadgarus, ^c. Bafilais mn clam in angulo^ 

fed palam^ fub Dio, fubfcripfiy and it was attefted by his 
Queen, St. Dunjlan Archbifliop, and many of the firfl: 
Officers and Nobility of that Time. This was given 
about A. D. 970. and is now in the Dean and Chapter 
of £/j, and holden of them by Nathanael J^on, Efq. 
There was a Suit between the Prior and Convent, and 
Roger de Munchenjisy about this Manor, in 14 Henry 11. 
which was decided in favour of the Monks. 

In this Parifh is the Manor of Godlesford^ now called 
Gusford-H^W ; which Manor with its Appurtenances in 
Godlesfordy Beljhd parva^ and Wherejlead^ in Suffolk^ were 
granted as Parcel of the PoiTeflion of the Priory of Canons- 
Leigh in Devonjhire, to Sir John Rainefworth^ Knt. 32 
Henry VIII. This Houfe is defcribed in the Perambu- 
lation of the 26 Edward III. by the Name of Robert 

Andrews j 

42 Ipswich wilh iis Suburb s:' 

Andnws; it feems that Family inhabited there many 
Years ; for in i-^ Henry VIII. it is called the Gate fome- 
time of old Robert Andrews, now of Sir Andrews JVind-r 
for ; which Sir Andrews JVindfor was a conTiderable Man, 
and took his Chriftian Name from the laft -mentioned 
Family of Andrews : He was afterwards Lord Windjor. 

8. St. Mary at Toiver, was given by Norman the Son of 
Eadnoih^ to Trinity Priory. There was formerly a hand- 
fome Spire upon the Tower of this Church; and Mr. 
William Edgar, of Ipfivich, by Will left Two Hundred 
Pounds towards eredting another. But, by fome Mifun- 
derftanding amongft thofe entrufled with this Bcnc- 
fa£lion, and different Opinions concerning the Strength 
of ithe .prefent Tower, nothing is yet done in it. Na)', 
it is doubtful, whether ever there will ; for the Money is 
paid into Chancery, and in attempting to get it from 
thence, it hath already caft the Parilhioners more Money 
than the original Legacy amounted to, and all without 

About A. D. 1325, the Confraternity of Corpm-Chrijii 
Gild was inftituted. This Brotherhood agreed to go in 
Proceflion every Year on the Feaft of the Holy Sacra- 
7nent(a). Their Tabernacle in which the Hoft was 
carried, their Money, ^c. l^c. ufed to be kept in the 
Church of St. Alary at Tower; and probably that hollow 
Place in the North Wall of the Veftry, guarded by an 
exceeding ffrong Door, very lately taken away, might 
he made for this Purpofe. Among the Rules of this 
Society, one was, that all the Parijh Pricfts of Ipfwich, 
ivhen certified of the Death of any of the Fraternity, by 
the Beadle thereof, cr otherwife, were to fay Mafs for his 


(a) They made their Proccffion in the following Order : 
I. White Friers, Carmelites. 2. Grey Friers, M;.'orj. 3. B)ack 
Friers, Preachers. 4. Clerks, in Surplices. 5. The Taber- 
nacle, containing the Hoft. 6. Secular Prielb. 7. Canons 
of the Holy Trinity. 8. Canons of St. Peter, g. Bailives of 
J//idcb. 10. Portmcn. 1 1 . Aldermen of the Gild; 6V. ^t\ 

Ipswich zvith its Suburbs. 43 

Soul, ^c. From hence, as we think, the prefent Cuf- 
tom of ringing a Bell aj every Church in the Town, on 
rhe Death of every Portman, might have its Rife. In 
upper Brook-Jireet,wit\\m thisParifh, and near the North- 
gate^ is the Houfe of the Archdeacon of Suffolk, fometimes 
called the Archdeacon's Place or Palace. It was built, or at 
leaft the outwardWall and Gates were, by WillmnPyken- 
ham^hh.D. who wasArchdeaconof iSw^Z^, and principal 
Official or Chancellor of Noriuichy A. D. 147 1. The 
initial Letters of his Name are ftill upon the Gate-way* 
This Houfe is now held on a Leafe for Lives by Thomas 
Staunton, Efqj one of the Reprefentatives in Parliament 
for this Borough, 

9. St. Mattheiu. T\i\s Parifh formerly included four other 
Churches or Chapels, long fince down or difufed, viz. 
Jll-Saints, St. George, St. Mildred, and St. Mary. It 
hath always been called a ReSiory, and the Incumbent 
is inftituted into it as fuch ; but the great Tithes were 
impropriated to St. Peter s Priory, were granted to IVebb 
and Breton, 7 Edivard VI. and belong now to Thomas 
Fonnereau, Efq. The Crov.'n did not get the Advowfon 
by the Diflblution of the Priory, but always prefented 
while the Priory was ftanding. 

All-Saints Chapel was annexed to St. Matthew, before 
the Year 1383, when Thomas Moonie was inftituted into 
the Church of St. Matthew, v^'wh the Chapel oi All- Saints 
annexed. But where the Chapel ftood we know not 
with any Certainty; yet we are inclined to think it moft 
probable, that it ftood in the triangular Field at the 
Corner near Hcndford-Bndge, where the Road from 
Handford Mill, meets the other Road from St. Matthew's 
Street, towards the Bridge : This is now Part of the 
Glebe belonging to the Redlory ; and we think the other 
Pieces of Glebe are too near the other Chapels or 
Churches, unlefs you would fuppofe St. George's Chapel 
to have been built inftcad of this, and then, All-Saints 
^ Chapel 

44 I r' s w r c H ^/ri? its Su b u r b s. 

"Chapel might have flood on that Spot, which is now ia 
-the Occupation of Mr. King. See St. Nich. p. 46. 

St. George's Chapel is yet almofl: entire in George-lane 
tvithout the Weft-gate, but it is now ufed as a Barn. 
It was ufed as a Chapel fo late as the Time of King 
Henry VIII. when Mr. Bilneywho fufFered Martyrdom, 
was apprehended there, as he was preaching in favour of 
the Reformation. 

North of St. George's Chapel, viz. on the Hills whicli 
lie near the North-weft Corner of the open Field called 
X^reat Bolton, flood Ipfivich Cajile. Thefe are ftill called 
Cajik-Hilh, tho' the Caftle was demoliihed entirely by 
•King Henry II. See Walton, in Colncis. 

"St. Mildrci's Church is now a Part of the Town-Hall. 
It was parochial, and impropriated to St. Peter's Priory. 
The Prior and Convent of the Holy Trinity, A. D. I393» 
.granted a Piece of Ground to the Bailives^ Coroners^ 
Chamberlains, and BiirgcJJ'cs of Ipfwich, &c. in the Parifh 
oi^t. Mildred the Virgin, 24 Foot long and 18 Foot 
wide, between the ToU-Houfe on the Weft, and a Shop 
late of Thomas Ryjwg on the Eaft ; one Head abuts upon 
the Houfe of the faid Ryftng towards the South, and the 
other on the Corn -hill on the North. 

St. Marys Chapel, commonly called the Chapel of 
cur Lady of Grace, \6 faid to have ftood at the North- 
weft Corner of the Lane without IVeJl-gate, from thence 
called to this Day Lady-lane, and is oppofite to St. George's 
Lane. Mr. Daundy who built the Alms-houfes in Lady- 
lane, by his Will in J.D. 15 15, gave Wood to every 
of his Alms-houfcs, bejidc our Lady ofGrvce. This Cha-i 
pel became very famous.for an Image of the Virgin, which 
was much reforted to in the fupcrftitious Times ; and, in 
old Wills, many Pilgrimages v/cre ordered to be made 
to it. It is mentioned in the third Part of the Homily 
againft Peril of Idolatry, together v.'ith our Lady of TVal- 
fingham and our Lady of IVilfdon^ by the Stile of our 


Ipswich wiih its Suburbs, 45 

Lady of Ipfiv'uh. It was to this Chapel that Cardinal 
Wolfey ordered an annual Proceffion to be made by the 
Dean of his College, on September 8, being the Popifij- 
Feaft of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, the tutelar 
Saint of Ipfwlch. There is an Account of one of then* 
in Dean Capon's Letter, publifhed by Dr. Fiddes and Mr, 
Grove. But this admired Image had the fame Fate with- 
other Puppets of the like Kind, for it was carried to Lon- 
don, and there publickly burnt. The Place where the 
Chapel flood is now built upon. 

Brakes- hall is within this Parifli, and the Hamlet fo- 
called takes in part of this, and part of the Parifhes of 
Bramford, Whitton, Thurlejlon, and IVeJlerfield. IpfwicJr 
Dome/day faith, " King Edward gave Brakes a Member 
" of Ipf-juich to Jlric of Clare^ then of the yearly Value of 
" Ten Pounds j and R. Bedile holdeth it of the Countef* 
*' o^ Clare, by the Service of one Knight's Fee." The 
fmall Manor oi Brokes-hall is now veiled in Mr. Alpes^. 
but the Manor of Lufftofts within this Dift:ri£i: is much 
more confiderable, and that is vefted in George Thomas^ 
of Kefgravey Efq. Bojs-hall is not fo called from a Fa- 
mily which once lived there named Bidl, as the Fra^ji- 
Unghatn MS. fuppofes ; but it is a Contradion of Bord-- 
Jhaw-]\7i\\ ; fo that Houfe is called in the old Perambula- 
tions of IpfvAch Bounds : And in pronouncing this haftilyy 
from Bordjl3aw-\i-A\ to BosJha%v-\\-^\, and jS^-hali, the 
Tranfition is eafy. 

10. St. N'lchclas (b) was impropriated to St. Peter s Prio- 
ry, and the Impropriation was granted to JVebb and Breton. 
No fuch Church is mentioned in Domefday ; and probably 
it might be built to fupply the Lofs of the dilapidated. 
<^[mrch of St. Michael before- mentioned j which is faid 
m Domefday to have had eight Acres of Land, and is fup- 


(b) The Vifitors in 1648, broke down fix Piclures, and 
took up three Brafs Infcriptions here. We vvifli they had not, 
for thefe Brafen Infcriptions might have given fome Account 
«f C V/alfcf% Relations. 3 

4^ Ipswich 'wiib its Suburbs.^ 

pofed to have flood not far from it. It might poffibly bc 
built upon the fame Place, and with fome Materials from 
that J and to this Conjeaure, a Stone at the Weft-End of 
the South Ifle, which rudely reprefents St. Michael fight- 
ing with the Dragon^ may give fome Colour of Probability. 
We cannot give any Account of the neighbouring Stone, 
or hovi' it came there ; but the Letters over the Briftles 
of the Boar feem to bc, or rather to have been, IN DE- 
RUM. See St. Mattheiv, p. 43. 

On the South-fide of the Paflage leading from St. 
"Nicholas-JIreet to this Church-yard, ftood the Houfe, 
where Tradition lays. Cardinal IVolfcy was born : It has 
been rebuilt fince that, and is now occupied by Mrs. 
Edwards. The Cardinal's Father bequeathed in his 
Will bs. Sd. to the High Altar of St. Nicholas m Ipf- 
wichy and Forty Shillings to the Painting of the Archangel 
there, ^^-^r p. 37. 

Weft of St. Nicholas Church, and on the Bank of the 
Gipperiy ftood a Convent of FraJuifcan GrQ' Friers MinorSy 
founded by Lord Tthtoth of Nettlejleady in the Reign of 
King Edward I. who, with many of his Family, were 
buried in the Church belonging to this Houfc. 

Another Convent of White Friers Carmelites^ ftoocl 
partly in this Parifti and partly in that of St. Laurence^ 
founded by Sir Thomas Loudham and others, about J. D, 
1279. Upon the Diftblution it was granted to John 
Eger. It was of large Extent ; for it reached from St. 
Nicholas-^rcet to St. Stephen's-hnc. Part of it was 
{landing within 50 Years, and was ufed for a County- 
Gaol, before the County agreed with the Corporation 
for the common Ufe of their Gaol by the Weft Gate. 
Mr. Clarke s Houfe ftands upon, or near the Spot where 
that Gaol ftood : And from hence the Paflage leading 
from the Butter-Market paft Mr. Clarh's Houfe is called 
the Gaol-lane, This Houile was famous for many learned 


Ipswich ivitb its Suburbs-. 4^ 

Men, who had their Education here : There are no Re- 
mains of it now, except a Piece of a Door-way. 

II. St. Peter's Church had in the Confeflbr's Time large 
PofTeflions. "It had fix Carucates of Land, eight Vil- 
" lains, twenty Bordarii, and two Mills; of thefe Earl 
*' i^o^^r claimed One hundred Acres, five Villains, and 
" one Mill, in right of the King's Manor of Brarnford, 
*' Five Villains of the faid Manor witnefled for him ; 
*« but the half Hundred of Ipfwich witnelfed that thefe 
** belonged to the Church in the Time of the Conleflbr, 
♦* then valued at One Hundred Shillings, now at 
" 15/. f^/' It faith farther, ** That to this Church 
*' belonged five Burgefles, and twenty Acres of Land 
** within the Borough." But afterwards the Church 
was impropriated to the Priory of St. Peter and St. Paul^ 
which was contiguous to the Church-yard, and founded 
by the Anceftors of Th&mas Lacy and Jlice his Wife, for 
Black Canons of the Order of St. Augnjline^ in the Reign 
of King Henry 11. It was fupprefled 6 March, 1527, by 
Car. JFolfey ; who having obtained Bulls from the Pope, 
and Letters-Patent from the King for that Purpofe, founded 
inftead of it, a College ; for :i. Dian, 12 Secular Ca-nons, 
8 Clerks, and 8 Chorijlcrs, to the Honour of the Virgin 
Mary; together with a Grammar-School, which he in- 
tended as *a Nurfery for his great College in Oxford. 
But this noble Foundation was fcarce compleated, before 
the Difgrace of that Prelate; and the Site ci the Col- 
lege containing by EftimationyZv Acres, was granted 23 
Henry VIII. to Tho. Alvercle \ and in 9 ^ac. I. to Richard 
Percival, and Edmund Duffield. The College was foon 
demolifhed, no Part of it was left ftandmg except one 
Gate which yet remains. They dug up the very Foun- 
dation, infQmuch that the firft Stone was not long fince 
found in two Pieces, worked into a common Wall in- 
■WQidf(irm\ Lajie, with a Latin Infcription Xq this EfFe6l: 

(c) l^fixi(di Domefday, 

48- Ipswich with its Suburbs. 

In the Year of Chrijl 1 5 28, and the Twentieth of the Reign 
c/" Henry VIII. King ^England, on the fifteenth of June, 
laid by John, Bi/hop o/' Lincoln. This was fohn Long- 
land^ who was alfo employed by the Cardinal to lay the 
firft Stone of his College, in Oxford (d). But tho' this 
Attempt did not fucceed, the Cardinal occafioned fome 
Good by it j for we may reafonably fuppofe that this 
put King Henry VIII. upon founding the Grammar- 
School, and endowing it with what was, at that time, a 
very handfome Allowance for a Mafter and Ufher. 

The Water from 5/<7/{7? Hills was brought hither for 
the Ufe of the Convent, before the Year 1491. 

There was a good Manor belonging to the Priory, 
which fmce the Diflblution feems to have been fplit into 
three Manors. For the Manor of St. Peter in Ipfwichy 
is now veiled in Dr. Coyte ; the Manor of St. Peter in 
Na^oHy Bucklejloam., and Kcjiihroke, is in Philip Broke ^ of 
NaSion, Efq; and there is yet another Manor of St. 
Peter, in Cretinghavi* 


(d) John J.ongland, Bifhop c^ lincoh, did certainly lay the 
Foundation-Stone of the College at Oxford; and he preached 
a Sermon on that Occafion, from Pn^v. ix. i. Wij'dom hath 
huiUed her Houfe . That Stone was laid 20 il/rtrc^ I 5 25. As 
our Stone was laid little more than three Years after that, it 
feems not improbable, that the fame Perfon might be em- 
ployed on a like Occafion at Ilipivich. For this Reafon (and 
becaufe the Word could not mean any ether Englijh Bifhop 
in that Year) we fuppofe the laft Word in the Infcription to 
ftand for Lincoln, But as the Scone would not admit of more 
Letters, that Word confifts of five only, and is plainly abbre- 
viated in two Places ; which Abbreviations have rendered the 
Meaning of it fome what doubtful. 

The Foundation -Stone of the College in Oxford, contained 
a pompous Enumeration of all Cardinal lVo[fey% Titles and 
Offices; but here is not the IcallMention of him upon this. 
Now, the Writer of his fecrct Hiftory. fpeaking of thcfe Col- 
leges, fays, *' They were boih nifjl I'utfiptuous Buildings :" And 
confidcring the general Character of irolfcy, that thi^s was the 
Place of his Nativity ; and that he was now in the Zenith of 
his Power ; we are inclined to fufpea, that here was alfo feme 
other Stone, containing an Account of the Founder ; which, 
in future Times, m.iy po.Tibly be brought to Light. 

Ipswich zviih its Suburbs. 49 

The Journal of the Vifiters before-mentioned, faith, 
«« At Peter's, was on the Porch the Crown of Thorns, 
•* the Sponge and Nails, and the Trinity in Stone, and 
" the Rails were there, all which I ordered to break in 
*< pieces." 

In this Parifh is the Houfe of the Lord Bifliop of 
Norwich, which was granted to the Bifhop in 4 King 
Edward VI. by the Name of the Meliuage called the 
Lord Ciirfons Hcufe\ whofe Name is flill to be feen in 
z Rebus on the old wooden Back -gate in Silent-JireeU 
There was a flrong and ftately Brick Porch to it, lately 
taken down ; but the Houfe itfelf is in a moft ruinous 
Condition. By the Statute of 26 Henry VIII. Chap. 14, 
this Town was appointed for the Seat of a Suffragan 
Bifliop, and the common Notion is, that this Houfe was 
intended for his Refidence ; but Thomas Manning, Prior 
of Butley, was the firft, and the laft Suffragan Bifhop of 
Ipfwich i and this Houfe was not granted to the Bifhop 
of Norwich till after his Deceafe, as we think. He was 
confecrated by Archbifhop Cranmer, 19 March, 1525. 

In the Suburbs beyond the River flood the Church of 
St. Aiijiin, near St. AuJIins Green. It is often called a 
Chapel ; but it had in the Conqueror's Time eleven Acres 
of Land, and Procurations were paid for it by the Prior 
of St, Peter s ; fo that it was parochial, and as we fuppofe, 
impropriated to that Priory. It was in ufe A.D. 1482; 
but has been long fmce dilapidated. VVe fuppofe all the 
Houfes and Land on the South-fide of the Orwell, to 
have been St. Aujiin's Parifh ; which are now become 
Part of St. Peters. 

Not far from this Church, and perhaps almofl oppofite 
to it, flood St, Leonard's Hofpital : It is now become a 
Farm-houfe, belonging to Chri/i- Hofpital, Ipfwich, 

12. St. Stephens is a Rectory, and tho' the Revenues are 

now fo fmall that it is generally held by Sequeflration, it 

wascoiiitantly inftituted into formerly; upon the Prefenta- 

E tion 

50 Ipswich with its Suburbs; 

tion of Sir Andrew de Bures, in 1340 ; of the Cavendijh* s^- 
in 1400, ijfc. Sir Gilbert Debenha?n prefented in 1487,. 
then the Family of Brewes, till it came to Sir Edmund 
JVhytapole, and went as well as St. Peter's, with the 
ehriJi-Chureh Eftate. 

' In this little Parifh Charles Brandon Duke of Sitffolky. 
had a Manfion, where the Coach-houfes now are. And 
Sir Anthony Wingfield, Knight of the Garter, who was 
Vice-Chamberlain, Privy-Councellor, and one of the 
Executors of King Henry VIII. had another. This is 
now become the Tankard Jle-houfe, and 2l Play-houfe %■ 
oppofite to which Sir Anthony had a Chapel for the Ufe 
of his Family, where Dr. Gwyn^ Houfe is built. 

Here was alfo in Ipfwieh a Church of St. Gregory^ 
which was impropriated to TVoodhridge Priory; but this 
is all we know of it. And in the Abuttals of a Mefluage, 
the antiquated Church of Ojierbolt is mentioned in 21 
King Edward III. By which it feems to have flood 
fomewhere not far from St. Glemenfs Stepples ; and, as 
the Ea/i-gate formerly flood there, it might poflibly have 
the Name of Ojierbolt from that Circumftance : And this 
being allowed, as the Church of St. Clement is not men- 
tioned in Dome/day, it is not improbable this might be 
built, inftcad of that dilapidated Church. 

In the Prccindls are the Churches of ThurleJIon, l^)it- 
ton, and TFeJierficld. 

1 3. Thiirlcjicn, the Manor of Barnes here, with the Im- 
propri'Uion and Advowfon of the Vicarage, belonged to St. 
Peter s Priory. The Manor and Impropriation were 
granted to Cardinal jyolfey, 19 Henry VIII. and in 19, 
Qncen Elizabeth to Thomas Seckford, Efq; they now be- 
long to the Heirs of Edmund Ha7mnond, Efq. The- 
Cliurch was in ufe fince the Year 1500 j but the Vi- 
carage being united to the Redory oflf^hitton^ the Church 
was neglected after that Time, and is now ufed as a 

14. fVhittoti 

Ipswich with //j- S u b u r b s. 51 

14. Whitton Church is fometimes called Whitton Chapel, 
but improperly : For it hath been inilituted into as a Pa- 
rochial Church, upon the Prefentation of the Biftiop of 
Ely.^ ever fince the Year 1299; and probably long be- 
fore. It is dedicated to St, Botolph. If any of the Churches 
now in being, were built in the Conqueror's Time (which 
may well be queftioned) we think this bids as fair to be 
one of them as any ; and the neighbouring Church of 
Thurlejion feems to be of the like Kind. 

15. JVeJierJiddC\\\xxc\\ is in the Hamlet oUVykes-Uff'ord. 
The Patronage of this Church and Jfhitton are faid in 
old Writings to belong to the Bifhop of Ely^ in right of 
a Manor he then had in Bramford, The Manor of 
Wejlerfield^ A. D. 1596. belonged to 'John Dameron^ who 
gave it by Will to his Grandfon Anthony Collet. 

An Account of the TRADE, ^c, 

THE Trade of the Town did formerly confift 
chiefly in the Manufadure of Broad Cloth, and 
other Woollen Cloth, which was carried on fo largely 
that all the Towns and Villages for many Miles round 
were employed in it ; and many of the beft Eftates of 
this County were raifed from it. But about the Middle 
of the laft Century the Manufa£!ory began to decline ; 
and then dwindled by Degrees, till at laft it totally ceafed. 
The Lofs of the Manufactory was attended with bad 
EfFe6ls. We muft fuppofe the principal Artificers would 
follow the Trade into the North and Weft Part of the 
Kingdom, v.'here it has fettled ever fince. But vaft Num- 
bers of the poorer Sort employed in it, were left behind ; 
and thefe, when their Employment ceafed, became a Bur- 
den and Incumberance to the Tovi'n and Neighbourhood. 
This njight very probably be one Reafon which pre- 
E 2 vented 

5-2 Ipswich with its Suburbs. 

vcnteJ other Perfons from fettling here, in the room of 
thofe who followed the Manufadlory. From hence it 
happened, that very many of the better Sort of Hou(es 
were for a long while empt)' ; and Ipfwich incurred the 
Cenfure of being a Town ivithout People. But now, the 
Cafe \s otherwife. The Inconvenience before-mentioned 
abated, and wore out in time. The Agreeablenefs of 
the Town invited New-comers to fettle here j and the 
Number of Inhabitants is fo much increr.fed, that within 
fifty Years the Rents are advanced more than Fifty per 
Cent, almoft every Houfe is full, and more Houfes are 
daily wanted, Infomuch that it is difficult to procure one 
that will accommodate a middling Family j all fuch be- 
ing in a manner fcranibled for. 

The late Accounts all tell us of the Decreafe of the 
Shipping in this Port ; and with regard to thofe huge 
Colliers called Ipfivich-Cats^ this may be true. But 
there are now three Yards conftantly employed in Ship- 
building ; and if we reckon that at the Place called Nova 
Scotia^ where the Spenlcr Eajl-huliaman is now building, 
there are four. And, we are credibly informed, there 
are more than One Hundred and Fifty Sail belonging to 
this Port ; and, as fome think, fmall and great, many 

The chief Trade at prefent is in Corn : The Bufincfs 
of Malt-making, in particular, is carried on to a great 
degree. And indeed, if we may judge from the Increafe 
of Maltir.g Offices for fcveral Years paft, that Bufmefs 
muil be overdoing. If it be not already overdone. It is 
fo great, that the Ipfmi^b JlJaltfers manifeftly ufe more 
Corn than the neighbouiing Country, improved as it is, 
will fupply. For, of late Years, they have often been 
obliged to import Barley from the Coaft of Norfolk . 

Here zr^ five Market-Days, Tucfdaysvind Ihurfdays for 
Butchers Meat, IVednefdays ^x\A Fridays for Fifh ; and 
Saturday ii a general Market-Day for all Sorts of Prov-i- 


Ip SW I CH U'ith its S U B U R B S. 5^ 

fions, Cattle, &c. The Town is well fupplied with all 
Kinds of very good Provifions ; unlcfs, perhaps, we fhould 
except FiJ]}. As to this Article the Town might be fup-- 
plied with more Variety, and .'m greater Plenty ■> than it is. 
Weihave good reafon to think, that the Orwell and the 
neighbouring Seas are in the proper Seafons well ftored 
with feveral Sorts of Fifh, which thro' the Ignorance, the 
Lazinefs, or the Folly of our Fiftiermen, are fcarce ever, 
unlefs by great Accident caught here ; particularly AIul- 
lets, Turbots, Smelts, and fometimes Salmon. And then 
the Pra£lice of For eji ailing 'i% carcied to fuch a Height, as 
would perfuade us no Laws had ever been made againfl 
it. It is no unufualThing for Peddars to attend the Tides 
regularly, receive and pack up the Fifli at Noon-day, and 
on the common Key, to fupply the Inland Towns, re- 
fufmgto fell it to the Inhabitants oi.Ipfivich at anyPrice. 

Here are five Fairs j one on Holy- Rood- Day, O. S. 
where much Bufinefs is done in the tv/o Articles of But- 
ter and Cheefe. One on St. George's Day, O. S. for 
Toys and lean Cattle, chiefly Home-bred. St. James's, 
July 25, now not worth mentioning : And two Fairs for 
Cattle, oxxMay 18 and 19, and Auguji 11 and 23 ; at the 
laft of which vaft Numbers of Lambs are conftantly fold, 
to the Amount of Eighty, Ninety, or fometimes One 
Hundred Thoufand. 

In this Town are five Charity- Schools for poor 

One in ChrijV s-Hofpitd for Twenty Blue-coat Boys, 
who are found with every Thing, Clothes, Meat, Drink, 
Wafliing and Lodging, are taught to read, and made to 
work, and then bound out, chiefly to Sea. 

Another for Sixteen Red fieeve Boys, v/ho are clothed, 
taught, and bound out. 

Another for Sixty Grey-coat Boys, who are clothed, 
taught, and bound out to Sea, or low Trades. 

E 3 Another 

]^4 Ipswich with its Suburbs. 

Another for Twenty-four Blue-coat Girls, who arc 
clothed, taught to read, to knit, to few, and are fitted 
out for Services. And, 

One other fmall School for Sixteen Green-fleeve Boys, 
who are clothed, taught, and bound out : This laft School 
is fupported by the Diffenters. 

^ 'Trarijlatlon of the Charter of King 
Henry VI. to the Burgejfes of Ipfwich. 

TjENR\\ D.G. King of England z\\^ Frame, and 
Lord of Ireland^ &c. &c. Know ye, that whereas 
our beloved Burgefies of our Town oi Gippeiuich, are very 
much'burthened with the Payment of the Annual Farm 
which they and their Succcffors are obliged to pay to Us, 
and our Heirs, for the faid Town, and hereby are grie- 
voufly impoverifiied, as we have heard : Of our efpecial 
Favour, certain Knowledge, and mere Motion, and for 
the efpecial P<elief of the faid Town, and in Support of 
the Payment of the Farm aforefaid. We have granted to 
the faid Burgefles, and their Succeflbrs, the Liberties, 
Franchifes, Acquittances, and Immunities underwritten, 
wz.That theTown aforefaid be, for ever, a Free Borough 
Corporate, in Deed, and in Name of Uhe Bnrgfjfes of the 
faid Town ; and that the Burgefles of the faid Town fior 
the Time being be, for ever, a perpetual Community Cor- 
porate, in Deed and in Name, and may have perpetual 
Succeflion, and a Common Seal to difpatch the Bufmcfs 
of the Town aforefaid ; and that, in every Year, at the 
dccujlomed Tune and Place, they may choofc out of them- 
felves two Burgefles of the Town aforefaid to be Bailives 
thereof, who fiiall exercife that Office for one (ntire Tear, 


Ipswich with its Suburbs; ^^ 

■[uno integro Anno] for the fafe and wholefome Govern- 
ment of the fame Town. 

We have alfo granted to the faid Burgefles and their 
Succeflbrsj that the faid Bailives and their Succeilbrs, and 
four fuch other Burgefles of the fame Town, as the faid 
Bailives fhall be pleafed to take to them, out of the Twelvd 
Portmen of that Town and their Succeflbrs ; and to eledl 
and nominate for that purpofe, Five, Four, Three or Two 
of them, may be from henceforth for ever. Keepers of our 
Peace, and Juftices of us and our Heirs, to keep the Peace 
within the faid Town and the Liberty, Suburbs and Pre- 
cindl thereof j and alfo to hear and determine.all Felonies, 
Trefpafl^es and Offences within the Town aforefaid, and 
the Liberty, Suburbs, and PreciniSl of the fame ; and all 
other Matters and Things, as v/ell. concerning all manner 
of Felonies, TrefpaflTes, Mifprifions, and Extortions, as 
concerning all manner of other Caufes, Complaints, and 
Offences whatfoevcr, within the faid Town and the Li- 
berty, Suburbs and PrecintSl of ihe fame, in any manner 
happening and arifing, as fully and wholly, as the Keepers 
of the Peace, and Juftices affigned or to be afligned to 
-hear and determine. Felonies, TrefpaiTes, and other Of- 
fences, and the Juftices of Labourers, Artificers,, and Ser- 
vants in the County of Suffolk, have, or fiiall have, for 
. the future v/ithout the Town and Liberty aforefaid, iii 
any manner wha^tfoever. And the Keepers, of the Peace, 
and Juftices afligned to hear and determine Felonies, 
TrefpaflTes, and other Offences, and alfo the Juftices of 
Servants, Labourers, and Artificers within the County 
■ oi Suffolk, fhall by no means introduce themfelves, nor 
Ihall any one of them introduce himfelf, within the Tov^n 
aforefaid, the Liberty, Suburbs, and Precind: thereof, or 
without it, concerning fuch Felonies, Trefpaffes, or other 
■Offences whatfoever, in any manner committed, or ariung 
within the Town aforefaid, or the Liberty, Suburbs, and 
; Precind thereof, in what manner foever committed or 
E 4 perpe- 

^6 Ipswich wiib ils Suburbs. 

perpetrated ; nor fhall he, or tliey, in any manner en- 
quire concerning them, within the faid Town, or the Li- 
berty, Suburbs and PrecincSt of the fame. And if any 
Juftices alligned to keep the Peace, other than the Juftices 
of the Peace appointed or to be appointed by virtue of 
this our prefent Grant, within the faid Town, the Liberty, 
^c. thereof, fhall make any Inquifition concerning any 
fuch Felonies, TrcfpafTes, and other Offences, or other 
Things whatfoever in the faid Tov/n, the Liberty, Suburbs 
and Precindi of the fame, for tht; future, in any manner 
whatfoever, fuch Jnquifition (hall be deemed null and void. 

Moreover, We have granted for Us, and our Heirs, 
unto the aforefaid Burgeffes, their Heirs and Succeflbrs, 
Burgefles of the faid Town, that they for ever may have 
all manner of Fines, Ifiues, Forfeitures and Amercements, 
belonging to the Jufticiary [Jujiiciaria/n] of the Peace, 
within the faid Town, and the Liberty, Suburbs and Pre- 
cin«Sl thereof; and from the faid Jufticiary [Jujiidaria] 
forthcoming in any manner, to be recovered and levied 
by their own proper OiTicers, as fully and wholly, as We 
and our Progenitors, in any manner have had, and re- 
ceived fuch Fines, IlTues, Forfeitures, and Amercements, 
before our Juftices of the Peace in the faid County of 
Suffolk, wiihin the faid Town, and the Liberty, Suburbs 
and Precind of the fame heretofore happening, and a- 
rifing, in Aid of the Payment of the aforefaid Farm, and 
in fupport of the great Burdens daily incumbring on the 
faid Town, or happening and arifing therein: And that 
the faid Bailives and Burgefles of the faid Town of Gip- 
fewich^ and their Fleirs and SuccefTors aforefaid, for ever 
may have the Forfeiture of Viduals, by the Law oi Eng- 
land, in any manner to be forfej'ted, viz. the AfTize and 
Corre£lion of Bread, Wine, and Ale, and other I'hings 
which do not belong to Merchandife. 

Moreover, of our more abundant P'avour, W^e have 
granted to the faid Burgefles and their Succeflbrs, that 


Ipswich with its Suburbs. 5/ 

euher of thofe two Burgeffes who (hall be choCtn Bailivei 
of the faid Town in Form aforefaid, and (hall be one of 
the faid two Bailives, and fuch one of the faid two 
Bailives as the Burgeffes of the Town aforefaid, for the 
Time being, at the Time of the Election of the faid 
Bailives {hall be pleafed to ele£t to the Office underwrit- 
t£n, immediately, and as foon as he (hall be elected and 
appointed to the Bailivewick of the faid Town, fhall be 
from that Time [ex tunc] our Efchaetor, and the Efchaetor 
of our Heirs and SuccefTors in the Town aforefaid, and 
the Liberty, Suburbs and Precindl of the faid Town, 
during the Time in which he fhall continue Bailiff of the 
Town aforefaid. And that the faid Efchaetor and his 
Succeflbrs (hall have the fame Power, Jurifdidlion, Au- 
thority and Liberty, and whatever elfe belongeth to the 
Office of Efchaetor in the faid Town, I>iberty, Suburbs 
and Precind, that our other Efchaetors, and the Efcbaetors 
of our Heirs have or fhall have elfewhere, within our 
Kingdom of England. And that in no Time hereafter 
any other Efchaetor (hall introduce himfelf into the faid 
Town, Liberty, &c. to execute any thing relating to the 
Office of Efchaetor, within the faid Town &€. excepting 
only the faid Efchaetor of the Town aforefaid for the Time 
being. And that every fuch Burgefs hereafter to be e- 
le(Eled Bailiff of the Town aforefaid, after fuch Eledion 
of him made to the Office of Efchaetor fhall take his 
Oath, well and faithfully to execute the Office of Ef- 
chaetot within the Town aforefaid, before the Burgelles 
of the aforefaid Town ; fo that fuch Efchaetor {^7\\ by no 
means be obliged, or compelled, to take his Oath elfe- 
where within our Kingdom of England^ or before any 
other than the Burgefles of the faid Town, and that 
within the faid Town only. 

And further, for us and our Heirs we have granted 
to the faid Burgeffes and their Succeflbrs, that they may 
be Perfons able and capable in Law, to purchafe Lands, 


'5^ It s w I c h wiih its Suburbs; 

Tenements, Rents, Services, and Pofllflions within the 
Town, Liberty, Suburbs, and Precinct aforefaid and eife- 
whcrc, to have and to hold the fame, to them and their 
Succeflbrs, the Statute of not putting Lands and Tene- 
ments in Mortmain notwithftanding. 

Moreover, We have granted to the aforefald Burgefles, 
and their Heirs and Succeflbrs for ever, that the Admiral 
oi England, or his Lieutenant, or Deputy, or the Steward, 
Marefchall or Clerk of the Market of our Houfhold, or 
of our Heirs, or any one of them, or the Deputy of any 
one or more of them, fliall not enter or fit within the 
Town aforefaid, nor the Liberty, Suburbs, or Precinfl: 
thereof to enquire concerning any Matters or Things 
^relating to their aforefaid Offices, nor concerning any 
Things done, or hereafter to be done, or happening, and 
arifing within the Town, or the Liberty, Iffc. aforefaid; 
.nor fhall he or they caufe any Enquiry to be made con- 
cerning them ; nor fhall any one or more of them intrude 
him, or themfelves, nor profecute any Burgefles of our 
Town aforefaid, nor any Perfons refiding within the faid 
Town, Liberty, Suburbs, or Precind, on any Pretence, 
without the faid Town, for any Things, happening or 
arifing within the faid Town, Liberty, ^c. for the fu- 
ture in any manner. 

Moreover, Wc have granted, and by this our Charter 
do confirm to the faid Burgefles, and their Heirs and Suc- 
xeflbrs, that they the faid Burgefles their Heirs and Suc- 
ceflbrs for ever, may have all Ifllics, Forfeitures, Fines, 
and Amercements whatfoever, before our faid Efchaetor, 
fo to be chofen as aforefaid, coming, happening, or ari- 
fmg : And alfo, all Goods and Chattels of Perfons out- 
lawed, within the Town and the Liberty, Suburbs and 
Precin£t thereof, now refident and commorant, or here- 
after to be refident and commorant within the faid Town, 
Liberty, ifc. found ; to be received and levied by their 
own proper Officers, in Aid of the Payment of the Farm 


Ipswich with its Suburb s. 59 

aforefaid, and in Support of the great Burdens, daily Falling 
on the faid Town, or in the fame happening, or arifing, 
as fully and wholly, as we and our Progenitors have re- 
ceived and had, any fuch Iffues, Forfeitures, Fines, and 
Amercements, before our Efchaetor in our faid County, 
happening, or arifing within the faid Town, Liberty, ^c. 
and the Goods and Chattels of any Perfons outlawed, and 
heretofore refident or commorant within the faid Town, 
Liberty, Suburbs or Precindt in any manner. Witnefs 
the Venerable Fathers J. Archbifhop of Canterbury Pri- 
mate of all England^ our Chancellor, A. Cicejir Keeper 
of our Privy Seal, W. Bifhop of Norwich, our dcarefl 
Uncle Humphry of Gloiicejier, and our deareft Coufins 
'John of Exeter, and Humphry of Buch, Dukes ; Edmund, 
of Dorfet, and William of Suffolk^ Marquifles j William 
of Arundel, and John of Salop, Earls j our beloved and 
faithful Ralph Cromwell and Ralph Boteler, our Treafurer 
of England, Knights, and others. Given under our 
Hand at Wejlminjler 28 March, in the Twenty-fourth 
Year of our Reign. 


By Writ of Privy Seal, and of the aforefaid Date by 
Authority of Parliament. 

This Charter is added at Length, becaufe it is not in 
the Manufcript of the Ipfwich Charters which is handed 
about, and therefore was not printed with the reft. In- 
deed, very few knew any thing of it till it was found, 
thrown into a Hole in the Treafury, within thefe laft 
feven Years. We will only add an Obfervation or two 
upon the Stile of this Corporation. In ancient Times 
the Gentlemen of the Law were not fo curious in this 
Matter, as they have been of later Years. It appears 
from Mr. Bacon's MS. that in the Reign of K. Ric, II. 
or A,D, 1393. on an Exchange of a Piece of Ground 


6o Ipswich wiih its Suburb s. 

with the Prior and Convent of the Holy Trinity, (as was 
mentioned before) the Bailives, Coroners, Chamberlains, 
and Burgee's, were the contracting Parties on the Behalf 
of the Corporation. This Charter, now recited in A. D. 
J 446, incorporates the Town by the Stile of " The 
«« BURGESSES of IPSWICH ;" and declares them to 
be a perpetual Community Corporate, by that Name. The 
Charter of King EdwardYV. in J.D. 1464, altered the 
Stile and made it, ** The Bailives, Burgefles, and Com- 
** munity of the Town of Ipfwich.'" Or, as it is now 
commonly called in Englijh, The Bailives, Burgefles, 
and Commonalty of the Tov/n of Ipfwich. The Charter 
of 17 KingC/6flr/^iII. J, D, 1665, made no Alteration 
in the Stile; but that of 7^b CharlesW. J.D. in 1685, 
made an Addition to it, and called them, " The Bailives, 
*' Burgefles, and Community [or Commonalty] of the 
« Town or Borough of IPSWICH in the County of Suf- 
** foli." However, as the Corporation hath not ailed 
under this lafl: Charter fince the Revolution in 1688, the 
proper Stile of the Corporation now is, *' The Bailives, 
*' BurgeflTcs, and Commonalty of the Town of IPS- 
^' WICH," without any further Addition. 


[6i ] 

S A M F R D. 

TH E Hundred of Samford is bounded by the Stotir 
on the South, on the Weft by the Hundreds 
of Babergh and Cosford^ on the Eaft by the 
Orwelly and on the North by the Liberties of Ipfwich. 

Arwerton. The Lordfhip of this Place belonged 
anciently to the Family of Davellers. Sir Robert Bacon 
married Ifabel, Daughter of Bartholomew Danviliers, who 
left no Male Iflue, and thereby obtained the Manor 
about the Year 1330. And in 20 Edward III. or 
1345, he had the Grant of a Market and Fair here. 
It came afterwards to the Calthorpes^ and was purcbafed 
by Sir Philip Parker, Knt. of Sir Drue Drury\, about the 
Year 1577. Philip Par ker^oi Arwertcn^ was created a 
Baronet 16 July, 1661. This Manor and Eftate is now 
vefted in the Dowager Lady of the Right Hon. the Lord 
Chedworth, who was one of the Daughters of the late Sir 
Philip Parker Long, Bart. 

Belstead, or Little Beljiead. In King John^s Time, 
or that of King Henry UI. at the latefl. JVilliam de Gol- 
dingkam paid Fines to Ipfwich, for Freedom from Toll for 
bimfelf and his Villains, in Beljiead. This fame Family 
continued to prefent to the Church till after the Year 
1560; when the Manor was purchafed by Mr. Blofs, a 
wealthy Clothier of Ipfwich ; and by the Heirefs of that 
Family, it was, not long fince, fold to Robert Harlandy 
of Sproughtoriy Elqj 

Bently. Hugh Tallemache paid a Fine to Ipfwich , 
for Freedom from Toll for himfelf and his Villains in 
Bently i in the Reign of King Hfnry III, 


[6. I 

S A M F R D. 

TH E Hundred of Samford is bounded by the Stour 
on the South, on the Weft by the Hundreds 
of Babergh and Cosford^ on the Eaft by the 
Orwelly and on the North by the Liberties oi Ipfwich. 

Arwerton. The Lordfiiip of this Place belonged 
anciently to the Family of Davellers. Sir Robert Bacon 
married Ifahl^ Daughter of Bartholomeiv Danviliers^ who 
left no Male IfTue, and thereby obtained the Manor 
about the Year 1330. And in 20 Edward III. or 
1345, he had the Grant of a Market and Fair here. 
It came afterwards to the Calthorpes^ and was purchafed 
by Sir Philip Parker^ Knt. of Sir Drue Drury^ about the 
Year 1577. Philip Parker yoi Arwerton^ was created a 
Baronet 16 July, 1661. This Manor and Eftate is now 
vefted in the Dowager Lady of the Right Hon. the Lord 
Chedworih, who was one of the Daughters of the late Sir 
Philip Parker Long, Bart. 

Be LSTE AD, or Little Bel/lead. In King John's Time, 
or that of King Henry 111. at the lated. IFilliam de Gol- 
dingham paid Fines to Ipfwich, for Freedom from Toll for 
bimfelf and his Villains, in Beljiead. This fame Family 
continued to prefent to the Church till after the Year 
1560; when the Manor was purchafed by Mr. Blofs, a 
wealthy Clothier of Ipfwich ; and by the Heirefs of that 
Family, It was, not long fmce, fold to Robert Harland^ 
of SproughtoHy Elqi 

Bently. Hugh Tallemache paid a Fine to Ipfwith, 
for Freedom from Toll for bimfelf and his Villains in 
Bmlyi in the Reign of King Hgnry III, 


^4 Hundred <7/'Samford. 

This Church was given to the PiioTy of the HoJ^ 
Trinity in Ipfwich^ by Henry of Dodneis. And the 
Manor of Bently^ the Redory and Advowfon of the 
Vicarage, with two Woods, Portland Grove and 'New 
Grove, were granted as Part of the PofTeflion of that 
Priory to Lionel Talmage, 36 Henry VIII. This Family 
removed from hence to Hebmngha?n^ in Claydon Hundred. 
See there. 

At a Place called Dodneis in this Parifti, there was a 
fmall Priory of Black Canons, which had Revenues valued 
at 42/. 18^. 8^^. It was fuppreffed by the lirfl: Bull of 
Clement VII. and granted to Cardinal JFolfey. 

Brantham. King lf''ilUam Rufus gave the Church 
oi Branihaniy with theBerewics oi Bcreold, Scctlege, Meel- 
fege, and Benetlege, to the Abbey of Battle in St/l/ex ; 
and the Advovi^fon of this Refiory, as late belonging to 
that Abbey, was granted to John Earl of Oxford^ 36 
Henry VIII. The Church is now united with Ea^~ 

Within this Parifh is a Hamlet called Catti%vade, where 
was formerly a Chapel near the Bridge, which goeth over 
the River Stour into EJfex. About the Year 1460, Sir 
yohn Brahaniy oi Brohafn-HdW in Cattiwade^ is mentioned. 
And afterwards William Lancajler^ El'q; of Cattiivade^ who 
married a Daughter of Brahams, 

BuRSTALL, is called a Berewic or Hamlet of Bram- 
ford. The Manor of Horrolds in Burjiall was granted 
to Cardinal Wolfey^ as Parcel of the Poffeflion of St. Peters 
Priory in Ipfwich. 

Capel. Here are three Manors ; Churchford-Hall, 
formerly Robert Jppleion^s, now Mr. Fielding's ; Boitivell- 
Hall, belonging to ^eeji's College, Cambridge ; and an- 
other fmall Manor, formerly Mr. Bravcs's of Little Wen- 

Hundred o/Samford. 6.j 

ham. The Advowfon of the R.edory, together with 
that of Little JVenham^ is in the Rev. Peter Hingejlotij the 
prefent Incumbent. 

Chattisham. The Manor, Impropriation, and Ad- 
vowfon of the Vicarage, belonged formerly to the Priory 
of TVykesy in EJfex ; and were granted firft to Cardinal 
Wolfey^ and then to the Provoft and Fellows of Eton^ who 
now enjoy them. 

Chelmondiston, commonly called Chemton. The 
Manor here is vefted in the Heirs of Mr. Lucas, the Ad- 
vowfon is in the Crown. 

CoPDOCK. The Hall-Houfe is the Property o^ Thomas 
de Gray^ Efq; who is alfo Patron of the Church, and 
Lord of the Manor. This Church has been lately united 
with Ifajhbrook. 

East-Bergholt. K. Henry U. gave the Templars- 
all his Lands in Bergholt, and a Manor here was granted 
to John Earl of Oxford, 36 HenryYlll. as lately belong- 
ing to the Prxceptoiy at Battisford. Here is alfo another 
Manor, for the Rellcl of John Vere twelfth Earl of Ox- 
ford, held the Manors of Chelfworth, Eajl- Bergholt, and 
Brook-Hall, in Suffolk, as her own Inheritance, A. D. 
1472. This laft Manor is now in Nathaniel ASl on, Efq; 

This is a large Village confolidated to Brantham. The- 
Cloth Manufacture formerly flourifhed here. It is fup- 
pofed to have been a Market- Town ; but the Market is- 
difufed, and the Town is greatly reduced, many Houfes 
having lately been pulled down. About the Year 1522,- 
many Legacies were given towards building the Church ;. 
and in 1526 and 1527, other Legacies towards building 
the Steeple ; but it feems as if thefe were not fulHcient 
for the Purpofe, for it is not built yet. The Church is 
a good Stru£lure, South from the Church is a neat 
Manfion, built by Thomas Chaplin, Efq; vi^hich by Mar- 

64 HUNDRE D <?/^ SaMFOR D. 

riage came to Sir Henry Hankeyy Knt. and the Manor 
firft above-mentioned, and Advowfon with it; where his. 
Son Sir Jofeph Hankey^ Knt. and Alderman of London, 
now refides. 

Freston. The Hall, Manor and Advowfon of this 
Church, were anciently vefted in a Family who took 
their Name from the Place. Philip de Frcjicn was ad- 
mitted a Free-Burgefs of Ipfwich as early as 18 Henry III. 
And the Eftate continued in them for many Years till 
about the Time of Henry VIII. when it came to the La- 
iymers. They continued here till about 1590, when the 
Goodings of Ipfwich had this Eftate ; from whom it came 
to the Family of Wright. The laft of that Family who 
bad it, fevered the Manor and Advowfon of the Re<3ory, 
by felling them to Thomas Thurjion, of Holbrooke, Efq; 
in whofc Heirs they are now vefted. (See Holbrooke.) 
The Hall-Farm, but much reduced from what it for- 
merly had been, was fold to Mr. Lark Tarver, of Ipfwich, 
The Hall-Houfe is pleafantly fituated on the Bank of the 
Orwell -f but the chief Thing worth Notice here, is the 
Tower ; which is a fquare fiiiong Brick-Building, fix Sto- 
ries high, containing as many Rooms one above another, 
thefe communicate with each other by a winding Steeple 
Stair cafe, which, for the greater Strength of the Building, 
is on the Eaft-fide of it next the River. It is not eafy 
to fay for what Purpofe, nor is it certainly known, at 
what Time tliis Tower was built. But as there is among 
the Records of the Ivlanor, a very exaifl and particular 
Account of the Manor-Houfe, and all the Out- Buildings 
and OiTices belonging to it in Heniy Vllth's Time, and 
no mention is there made of the Tower, it is pretty cer- 
tain it was not then built. So that it is reafonable to 
fuppofe it to have been the Work of one of the Lafymers. 
From the Smallnefs of the Windows in all the other 
Rooms, it looks as if they were built chiefly for the Sup- 
port of the uppcrmofl Room, v/hich, having !a;gc Win- 

Hundred of S a m f o r d. 6^5 

dows on three Sides of it, feems to have been contrived 
by fome whimfical Man, for taking rather a better View 
of the River Orwell^ than can be had on the neighbour- 
ing Hill. 

Within the Manor of FreJIon-HaW, another fmall M^- 
hor called Bonds is included ; this is vefted in Mrs. Bean- 
mo>2t, Relift of the late Rev. Charles Beaumont. But the 
Manor of FreJion-HdW has a Paramountftiip over it. 

Harkstead. Odo de Campania (a) ^ was Lord here 
at the taking of Domefday Survey. King Edwardlll. 
in his Charter to the Nunnery of Dariford in Kent, gives 
or confirms to it the Manor of Brandi/lon, in Herkejhde 
m Suffolk. And the Manor of Brandefion, late belong- 
ing to that Nunnery, was granted 31 Henry VIII. to Sir 
Percival Hart, Knt. It came afterwards with the Ad- 
vowfon of the Redory to a Family of Cocks, in TVor- 
cejlerjhire j who had it fome time, and then fold the Ma- 
nor, Hall, Houfe, b'V. to Knox Ward, Efq; Clarencieux 
King at Arms ; whofe Heir lately fold them to Tlmnas 
Staunton, of Holhrook, Efq. The Advowfon was fold to 
the Rev. Richard Canning, the prefent Incumbent. Be- 
sides the Parifh Church, here was formerly a Chapel de- 
dicated to St. Clement. It is now wholly down ; but the 
Spot where it flood is ftill to be feen at the South-Eaft 
Corner of a Field, from thence called Chapel-Down, be- 
longing to a Farm late of John PhilUpfon, Efq. A Le- 
gacy was given to this Chapel of St. Clement, in the Yeaf 
1528. And a Houfe was bequeathed in 1685, with the 
Garden and one Pightle abutting South upon St. Clemenfs 
Church-yard, and upon the Mill-tuay towards the North. 
*rhe Site of the Chapel is nov/ ploughed up. 


(a) This Norman Baron was nearly related to K. William 
the Conqueror, and was made by him Earl of Albemarle and 
htldernej] ; he partook largely of his Relation's Bounty, and 
is faid to have had fourteen Manors granted to him in this 


6^ H U N D R E D (?/ S A M F O R P, 

Hicham. This was given to Trinity Priory in Ipf- 
ivicb, by Maud de Muyichenfi^ and was impropriated there- 
to. But the Impropriation was purchaied by Mr. G'lhhsy 
or Mr. Stnithy and given to the Miniller. 

HiNTtEsHAM, was anciently the Lordfliip of the 
'^albots ; and for very many Years of the Thnpcrlys. The 
Hall, <3'c. was bought of them by Richard Poiuh, Efq; 
icmetime Member for Orford. From him it was pur- 
ehafcd by ^'w, Richard Lloyd, Knt. one of the Barons of 
his Majefty's Court of Exchequer. The Church was 
iippiopriated to Kings- Hall (now Part of 'Jri;://)' College) 
m Ca::ibridge, about J. D. 1349, but before the Year 
1400, the Impropriation v/as given up, and the Mi- 
riificr prefcnted and inltituted into the Rectory as for- 
merly. Here was formerly a Chapel in this Parifh, and 
there is yet a Place called Chapel-Field, within the Farm 
lately in the Occupation of Mr. BeaumoJtt, of /Ildba7n. 

Here was another Manor which belonged formerly to 
Bury Abby, nnd was granted to Robert Dozv/iSy by King 
Jicnry Vlll. this came afterwards to the Vcfcys. Here 
was alfo another Manor or Eftate, which belonged to St. 
Peter's Priory in Jpjkvieh, and was granted with that to 
Cardinal JVolfry, 19 Henry VIII. 

y^ Hoi.nROOK. TwAi the Time of King Z/^;/;-;' III. 
was the Lordfliip c^^rchard de Holbrool:, who paid Fines 
'o Ipfivieh for himfclf and Villains in Holhrook and Tat^ 
fingjhn ; afterwards it was Mr. Dnimdys, then it was 
ihe Chidrs ', Judge C/t77tZ>, who died in 1607, lies bu~ 
ritd in the Church. It was lately in Thcfnas Thurjhn, of 
Ippjcich, Efq; -and is now vefted in Thojiias Staimfou, Ef(^; 
one of the Reprcfentatives of the Borough of Ipjziieh, in 
Right of his Lady, v.ho was the only fuiviving SiRer and 
ileircfs of the late Mr. Thurfton, 

H It N E) R E D cf S AM F ORt)'. 67 ■ 

HoLTOK. The Lordfliip here belonged formerly to a 
Family of Faftolf^ afterwards to the Mannoch^ therti to . 
Sir John Williaim^ and now to Sir William Rowley^ Knt.- • 
of the Bath. 

Raydon^. Robert de Roy don had a Grant of a Market 
and Fair here, 4 Edward II. or J. D. 1 310. JoJm Ha^ 
Jting Earl of Pcmbrckc., died feifcd of the Manors of Ott- 
ley^ Raydon, Sic. 43 Edward III. afterwards the Manor 
and chief Eitate here came into the Hands of the fame 
Owner, who had that of the next Parlfh. [See Shelly.^ , 

Shelley. Robert de Tattcrjljall died feifed of Shelky 
m Siiff'olk^ I Edzvardl. The Church was impropriated 
to the Priory of battle ; and the Impropriation and two 
Clofes called Kcrnelfcroft and IVytherfeys alias Gerwayes, 
were granted as late belonging to that Priory to Laurence 
BaJkervUe and JVilliam Blake. The Hall in 9 Edwardll.. 
was the Seat of John de j^fplehy^ afterwards of the 77/- 
neys ; it lately belonged to Tho?nas Kcrridgc^ Efq; and was 
purchafed of his Heirs by Safnuel Ruf/J^ Efq; together 
with the contiguous Manor and liftate at Raydon. 

Shotley. Flere v/as anciently a Hamlet, called 
Kirkctai : A Market and a Fair were granted at this 
Place to JVillimn Vifdelieu, who was Lord here -^i Edw. I. 
Sir Tho!nas Mofel vras Lord here afterwards : The Fehont 
had the Lordfhip for fome Ages, anS at laft it came with 
the other Eifate of that Family 19 the Right Hon. the 
Earl of 5r//?<7/. [See P/^j'/i/v/.] 

Sproughton:. A good Part of this Pari& is within 
the Liberties of the Borough of Ipfwich : But the Manors 
Hall-Houfe, and Advowfon of the Redlpry, ^c. was Part 
of the Felto-n's Eftate, and came with that cf Skstlcy laft' 
fnentioned to the Earl of BrijTol, ift wborh it is novV 
vefi'ed. Within this Parifli two good Scats have been 
built ; one called the Cbamjhy, iiom its being, built cti 
F 2 LawJi 

6s Hundred <?/ Samford. 

Lands given by Edmund Daundy^ for endowing a Chan- 
try in the Church of St Laurence^ Ipfwich. The prefent 
Houfe was built by the late Edward Ve7ttrifs^ Efq; Mafter 
of his Majefty's Court of King's Bench ; of whofe Heirs^ 
it was purchafed by the late Sir John Barker, Bart, and 
is now vcftcd in his Son Sir JohnFytch Barker , Bart, who 
^ rcfides here. Near to this is the Seat of Robert Harland, 
Efq; Captain in the Royal Navy ; by whom it has been 
partly rebuilt, and greatly improved. 

Stratford. TVilUajn de Munchenft died poflefTed of 
an Eftate here, \\ Edward!. Michael ds la Pole pro- 
cured a fpecial Charter to hold aCourt-Leet in his Lord- 
Ihips of Stratford and Heigham, in Com. Suff". 7 Ric. IL 
likev/ife for a Market here on the Thurfday in every 
Week ; and a Fair on the Eve, Day and Morrow of the 
Tranflation of St. Thomas the Martyr, 3 Henry. V. He 
died feifed of the Manor of Vefeys, in Stratford. Michael 
his Son died fcifcd of the fame, fhortly after ; and JVil- 
liom de la Pole died feifed of it, 1% Henry VI. Thomas- 
Lord Cromwell had a Grant from the King 31 Hen. VIII. 
ef the Manors of Dedham and Langham, in Efpx, with 
the Manor of Stratford juxta Higham in Com. Suff". 
which three Manors the King hadby the Grant of C/;(7r/t'j 
Duke of Suffolk. The Advovvfon belonged formerly ta 
the Dukes of Suffolk ; but ever fince the Time of 
Henry VIII. it hath been in the Crown. 

The North Ifle of this Church was built about A. Z>. 
1 500. Edivard Mors and Alice his Wife, and Tliomas. 
Mors and Alargarct his Wife, were fo great Benefadors 
towards it, that their Names were exprcfled in the Stone- 
Wofk. In 1524, and 1526, two Legacies were givea 
Rewards building the Porch. 

Stutton. The Manor of 5/ttfi5«-HalI did belong to 
Mr. Thomas May ; but it was purchafed by, and is- 
now the Eflate of the Earl of Dyfert. Another Hall in 
this Parifh, called C"iu;-Hal'i, is vcfted in the Family of 


Hundred o/Samford, 69 

Bowes. The Manor of Greping-HzW in Siutton, was 
granted to Humfry JP'ingfield^ 29 Henry VIII. and in 
4 ^//'z. to Thomas Seckford, as Parcel of the Poffeflions 
of the Priory of Coln^ in EJfcx. A Family of the Jermys 
formerly lived here, as appears by the Monuments in the 
Church. The Advowfon is vefted in the Rev. Tobias 
RuJIat, the prefent Incumbent. 

Tat TINGS TON. Here was a good old Seat called the 
Place (or Palace), which did belong to the Beaumonts ; 
but it was lately purchafed and rebuilt by Thomas JVhite^ 
Efq; and is now enjoyed by his Son, who refides there, 
and in whom the Manor is now vefted. Here was for- 
merly a free Chapel in this Parifh, belonging 10 Ed. IV. 
to the Earl of Oxford ; and the Earl of Oxford prefented 
to the Re6lory in the Time of Henry VIII. In the Years 
1458 and 1459, ^'^'^ Legacies were given towards build- 
ing the Chancel. 

Washbrook, or Great Bdjlead. The Manor of 
Haj7ier-Y{2\\ here, belonged formerly to the Abbey of 
Ju7nerk^ or Albemarle^ in Normandy j and afterwards to 
the Nunnery of Dartfordy in Keiit. At the Diflalutioii 
4t was granted to Sir Perclval Hart, Knt. and now be- 
longs to Thomas de Grey, Efq. 

Within the Bounds of this Parlfli there was formerly 
another Churclv,' and perhaps a Hamlet called Fekhurch^ 
or Vclcchurch, which was impropriated to the Abbey of 
Jlbemarle ; and, upon the Diflblution of the alien Prio- 
ries, given to the Nunnery oiDartford; and 31 HenN\i\^ 
granted to Sir Percival Hart, with the Rcftory and Ad- 
vowfon of the Vicarage of Wafiibrook. The Vicarage of 
Felchurch was inftituted into A.D. 1301, 1314, and 
1338. We have lately been informed that in a Field 
bordering on the Road leading from Spronghton to Cop» 
dock Water, about forty Rod on this Side the Water next 
Sproughtov, the Ruins of the Church, if they are not now, 
F 3 were 

7© Hundred <?/ S a m f o r d. 

V.'crc not long fince vifible. This Church has been latcljr 
confolidated to Copdock. 

Wen HAM Magna^ or Burnt Wenham. Robert dc Faux, 
-•who was onq of the Knights of Roger Blgod^ Earl of 
}Jcrfolk^ was admitted a Freeman of Ipfivich in the Reign 
of King yohn^ and paid Fines for Freedom from T oil, 
ilfc. fur himfclf and Villains in JFetiham. The Manor 
and Advowfon of the Reclory belong to the Heirs of Sir 
Philip Parker Long^Bdin. but it did belong formerly to 
.the Priory of Leighs, in Efjex'j and v/as granted 28 Hen. 
VIII. to R. Cavendifi. 

Wenham Parva. \J\ii\e. fVenham-}^.i\\ appears to 
•be a fine old Buildiiig } it was formerly the Seat of the 
Brewys, now of Thomas Thurjkii^ Efq; 

Wherste ad. Gilbert de Reyjnes had this Lordfliip in 
King John\ Time \ for he was himfelf admitted a free 
. Burgefs of Jpfwichy and compounded for an fJxemption 
from Toll, Cudom, &c. for his Villains in JVheyj}ead\ 
and Hugh de Reymes did the fame, 5 Ed. I. In 1 Ed. 1 V. 
Sir John Hazvardhzid a Grant of the Manors of Leyham 
and fFherJlead, in Suffolk \ which were in the Crown by 
the Attainder of Johyi Earl of IViltJhire. It afterwards 
came to the famous Lorxl Chief Juftice CoL\ in whofe 

■ Heirs it is now veiled. 

*"'. frhe Church was early impropriated to the Prior and 

"Cphventof ^/j^-; arid at i\\\sl)zy Naihamei ylcion^ Efq; 

'^^Ids the V<ti\6ry by Leafe from the Dean and Chapter 

.oTEIVi but the Advowfon of the Vicarar^c is in the 
J , ., . ' ' . ' ' -o ■ 

, Ciown. 

l:\u ' ■; • 

^ .Woo^V£R§TO^. The Hall or Manor-Houfe in this 

^Parifli flands in a moft delightful Situation on the IVeJiern 

Bank of the Qrwcll^ with a fine View from the Park qF 
. VOii ' .••: 


Hundred of S a m ford. 71 

the oppofite Shore of Naolon. This Lordlhip, Eftate, 
and the Adyowibn of the Reclory did belong to - — r— rr 
Tyfon^ Efq; but it is not eafy to fay whofe it is now ; 
for Mr. Tyfon becoming a Bankrupt in the Year 1720, 
'John JVard^ of Hacbtcy^ Efq; claimed this m Right (Sf 
a'Mortgage that he had upon it, and the Affair hath 
been in Chancery ever fmce. It has this furprifing Cir- 
cumftance attending it, that the Caufe doth not appear 
to be nearer a Conclufion now, than it was at firft ; for 
fiime will ftill find their Account in preventing the De- 
t,ennii)ation of if. 

F 4 Hundreds 

[72 ] 

Hundreds of Car If or d and Colneis. 

THE Hundreds of Carlford and Colneh are bounded 
on the South by the Ocean, towards the Eaft by 
the Hundreds of Loes and Willford, and towards 
the Weft by the Hundreds of Bofmere and Claydon, the 
franchife of Ipfw'tchy and the River Orwclh With re- 
gard to the Maintenance and Government of the Poor, 
they have lately been incorporated, viz. in 29 George IL 
or 1755. Since which Time the Guardians of the Poor 
have built a large Houfe on the Side of Nation Common, 
wherein all the Poor are maintained, that require paro- 
chial Relief. For this Reafon we have blended thefe 
two Hundreds together. They contain the following 
Villages, and Places extra- parochial. 

Bealings, was anciently the Lordfliip of Hugh. 
Fetches, who fined to Ipfivlch for himfelf and his Villains 
in Bealings ; then Robert de Tiiddenham had it ; afterwards; 
it came into the Family of Clynch j from them to the 
JFebhs ; and from them it came by Purchafe to JohnPitt,^ 
Efq; who removed from Crows-Hall in Dchcnham, and 
made Bealings-Yi^W his Scat. It was bought of Mr. 
Pitts'^ Heirs by George Bridges, Efq; who now refide? 

Seckford- Hall in this Parifli, has been remarkable for 
a Family of that Name, who lived there about three 
hundred Years, I'/'z. from the Time oi Edward I. to that 
of King Charles I. The lafl: Seckford married a Daughter 
of Sir Henry North, and gave the Eltate to her about the 
Tear 1650. It now belongs to Mr. Jtkinfon. 


Hundreds ^/Carlford ^;?iCoLNEis. 7 

There are feveral Legacies in old Wills given towards 
building the Steeple here, about the Year 1450. And 
there is an Infcriptlon of two Lines upon the Porch, 
fhewing when and by whom that was built. 

Bealings Parva. The Advowfon of this Church 
belonged to the Monks at Tbetford ; and was granted th& 
32 Henry VIIL to Thomas Duke of Norfolk, who foom 
fold it to the Seckfords j and it came with Seckford-W^i 
to Mr. Atkinfon. 

Brightwell, was anciently the Lordfliip of John 
de Lamput. In the Time of Queen Elizabeth it was Sir 
Francis Jcrniy's ; then the Heiuetts, who fold it to Sir 
Anthony IFingfield; from which Family it paiTed toThsmas 
EJftngton^ a Merchant ; who repaired the Church which 
was much decayed, and built a comely Steeple to it. 
About the Middle of the laft Century it palled from the 
BJfingtons to the Family of Barnardijlon. Sir ^amud 
B'arnardijlon of this Place was created a Baronet wMay^ 
1663. He rebuilt the Hall at a great Expence> and in-r 
tailed his Eftate upon his Heirs Male ; but thefe failing, 
it is now in Sir John Shaiu, of Eltham, in Right of hiij 
JVIother ; and in John lyUliamSy Efq; and another Gentle^ 
rnan, in Right of their Ladies, who were Coheirefles of 
that Family. The Hall has been lately taken down. 

BucKLESHAM in Colueis. The Lordfhip of this Parifl; 
is in Richard Norton, E(q; but the Hamlet of Kembro/ce, 
which lies in the Road from Kirkton to Neivbourn, is the 
Lord/hip of Philip Broke, Efq; who alfo hath the Advow- 
fon of the Redlory. See Nation, 

Burgh. Odo de Campania \vas Lord here, when 
Domefday-Book was made. The Lordfhip feems to have 
belonged afterwards to the Uffords : Maud de Lancajler, 


^4 Hundreds (?/Carlford ^//JColneis. 

Relief of IFilliam de Burgh, gave it to the Chantry erect- 
ed at CampeJJe, and removed to Brufyard, and it v/as for 
Ibnie time impropriated thereto, and to the Nuns of St. 
Clare-, w!io were placed at Brufyard^ inftead of the Chan- 
try. But the Impropriation was afterwards given up, and 
the Church made prefentative again. The Advowfon 
was granted 30 Henry Vlil. to Nicholas Hare. It is now 
in Mr, Barnes. Befides tlie Parifh Church, there was a 
Chapel here dedicated to St. Botolph. 

CloptoN, v;as likev.'ife the Loruiliip of Odo do Cam- 
fa):ia. Sir Robert de Sackvill had it in the Reign of King 
Hrnry I. it came afterwards to the JVcylands ; for "John de. 
Weyland had a Grant for a Market and Fair here, 31 
Edward I. Bartholomew Burgherjh died feifed of this 
Manor, j.^Ed:vard III. and his Son-in-Law £"^ztwY/ le 
JDifpcncer died feifed of it 49 Edu-ard III. But perhaps 
here may be two Manors ; for Hugh Lord Bardolf is faid 
to die, feifed of the Manor of Clopton'm Sajfolk^ 4.5 Ediu. III. 
How he obtained thii Manor, fee D.v^^'/. Bar. II. 100, 101. 

CuLPHO. IFiU'am dc Vahincs gave this Church to tlie 
Abbey of Leijloii ; and IFUiiam Fcrdunx, wiio married 
his Daughter, confirmed it. The Impropriation was 
granted icj Elizabeth to Edward Grimjlon^ and with the 
Manor it belongs now to Sir John Bhis., Bart. 

Falkenham, in Cohieis, is a Vicarage endowed with 
all the Tithes, except thofe of Barley ; which were ap- 
propriated to the Priory of Dodunjh in Bently^ in Sarrifcrd 
Hundred. Some Lands in this Paiifh hold of Mr. Burr 
ivood's Manor of Falkcnhafji-DodnaJJ? ; and others hold of 
Sir John Fytch Barker s Manors of JValton, and Rufj'As in 
Falkenham, About the Year 1533, two Legacies were 
given towards making a new Ifle to this Church. The 
Crown prefents to tlie Vicarage. The Rcclory was one 
pf thofe granted to Cardinal IVolfey. 


Felixstow, in Colneh, Is thought to take its Name 
from Fchx the Burgtindian, who was the firft Eifhop of 
Dunvjich^ and is fuppofed to have landed here at his firft 
Arrival ; Orwell being even at that time a noted Harbour, 
and much frequented. It is conjectured that he ftaid 
here fome Time, before he removed to Diinvjich ; for 
many little mitred Images of Brafs have been found here, 
which are thought to have been made in Honour of him. 
See Walton. 

FoxH AL. Hugo de Darvford gave this to the Prior and 
Convent of the Holy Trinity^ in Ipfwkh ; and the Impro^ 
priation was .granted 36 Henry Vlll. to Sir Thomas Pope, 
Knt. The Grange and Eftate called Dcrnfcrds^ in Fox- 
hall, NaSion^ Hallowtree, and Ingulvejlon or IfAton^ be- 
longed to the Abbot and Convent of Sibion, and was by 
them granted to Thomas Duke of Norfolk ; and after- 
wards by IsAUgEdivardYl, to Thoinas Heneage.^ and Lord 
W'dloughhy, A. D. 1547. The Church here was proT 
bably ufed in 1530, v/hen Johi Punting gave four 
Marcs, towards making a pew Roof for it. Perhaps it 
was then decayed, and for want of other Benefadions 
to repair it, might foon after become unfit for Divine 
Service. Part of it is now ftanding on the North-fide 
o^ Foxhal-Wv\\^ next the Heath ; but it is ufed only as a 
Barn, or an Out-houfe for Cattle. Ipfivich Trinity- 
Priory feems alfo to have had a Manor here, which wa§ 
granted with the Impropriation to Sir Thomas Pope. All 
is now in the Heirs of the Barnardljlon Family. 

Gruntdisburgh. Hugh Peche claimed a Market here 
every Tttejday, and a Fair during the whole JVhitfun- 
Week, A.D. 1285. Sir Robert deTudenham was Pa- 
;fron, and probably Lord in the Time oi ¥Jw\^Edward\l^ 
And one of his Defcendants gave the Advowfon about 
Jhe Year 1350, to the Mafter and Fellows of Michacl- 
i Houfe, 

y6 Hundreds c/Carlford ^;/i Col.veis. 

Houfe, fince made Part of Trinity College, in Ca;;ibridge. 
The Steeple of this Church falling down about the Time 
of the Reftoration, a very handfome new one was built 
about thirty Years fince by the Executors of Mr. Rob£rt 
Tlnng^ who left an Eflate to be fold for that Purpofe. 
The Hall and chief Eftate have been for many Years in 
ihc Family of Blois^ who ufed to refide here. Charles 
Blois^ of this Place, Efq; was created a Baronet, 15 Aprily 
1668, who removed from hence to Cockf.eld-}r{2L\\^ m 
Ycxford^ and dying there in 1738, was fucceeded in Ho- 
iiour and Eftate by his Grandfon Sir Charles Blois, Bart, 
but he dying without IfTue, the Honour went to his 
Uncle Sir Thomas ; but the Chief of the Eftate, by the 
Appointment of Sir Charles the firft Baronet, came to his 
youngeft Son lately, by the Death of his Brother, the 
Rev. Sir Ralph Blots, of CockJield-HzW j who is fucceeded 
by his Son Sir Jolm Blots, Bart. 

Hasketok. There is a fmaJI Manor belonging to 
the Rcccory of this Parifli. Another called the Manor 
of Hq/kt'to;i-Hz]1 ; and another called th£ Manor of 
Thorpe ; the Tithes of which belonged formerly to the 
Priory of Letherlngham^ and were granted by K. James I, 
to Anthony Gooch and Thottias Parker, and belong now tQ 
'— — J and not the ReSor. 

Helmly, in Calneis. Ouo de Campania had the Lor^- 
fliip of Hemele, in Suffolk, when Domefday-Book was 
made. The Dukes of Norfolk were Patrons of the Rec- 
tory from the Year 1300 to 1540, or thereabout; but 
the Crown hath prcfented ever fince. In the Time of 
King Henry VI. this Pariih was fpelt Olmejlee. 

IvESGRAVE. This Church was impropriated to the 
Piiory of Butly, and the Impropriation is now vcfted \w 
the Heirs of Sir Samuel Bar'^arJi/lsft. See Brightwell, 


Hundreds ^/Carlford and CoiNtis. yy- 

KiRKTOK, in Colncls. About the year 152O, there wer* 
feveral Legacies towards building the Steeple of this 
Church. The Dukes of Norfolk had the Patronage of 
it formerly ; but the Crown hath prefented to it, finc« 
the Time of Henry VIII. 

Levington, in ColncU. Here is an Alms-houfe for 
fix poor Perfons of this Parifli and Naiion, built and en- 
dowed by Sir Robert Hitcham^ who was a Native of this 
Place. Here is a fmall Manor, which is in the Family of 
Goodrich^ with the Manor-Houfe. The Church is now 
confolidated to NaSlon^ and the Patronage of it is in the 
Right Hon. Lord Orwell. The Steeple was built by Sir 
Robert Hitcham^ as appears by his Arms, and the Date 
upon it. 

Adjoining to this Parifli towards Trimly^ the Ruins of 
Stration Church or Chapel, now overgrown with Trees 
and Buflies, are ftdl to be feen i in the Middle of the firft 
Field going from Levingtoti to Trimly^ called Chapel-fiekL 
Here was formerly a Lazar-houfe, endowed with a Moiety 
of the Tithes of Stratton. It is now extraparochial j 
there is no Houfe ftanding but the Hall, which, with the 
i,ordfhip, is now vefted in Sir "John Fytch Barker^ Bart. 

In a Farmer's Yard in Levington^ clofe on the Left as 
you enter from Levington into the faid Chapel-Field of 
iS/r^/^c«-Hall, was dug the firft Crag or ShclU that has 
been found fo ufeful for improving of Land in this and 
other Hundreds in the Neighbourhood. For though it 
appears from Books of Agricultute, that the like A^anurc 
has been long fince ufed in the Weji of Englondi it was 
not ufed here till this Difcovery was cafually made by one 
Edmund Edwardi^ about the Year 17 18. This Man be- 
ing covering a Field with Muck out of his Yard, and 
wanting a Load or two to finifh it, carried fome of the 
Soil that laid near his Muck, tho' it look'd to him to be no 
fetter than S.ar:d\ but obferving the Crop to be beft where 


78 Hundreds of Carltovld and Colneis. 

he laid that, he was from thence encouraged to carry 
more of it the next Year ; and the Succcfs he had, en- 
couraged others to do the like. 

This iifeful Soil has been found in great Plenty upon 
the Sides of fuch Vales as may reafonably be fuppofcd to 
have been vvafncd by the Sea ; towards which fuch light 
Shells might be naturally carried, either at AWj's Flood, 
or by the Force of the Tides to fome Places fince forfaken 
by the Sea. Whoever looks into any of thefe Cragg-Pitts 
cannot but obfcrve how they lie Layer upon Layer in a 
greater or lefs Angle, according to the Variation of the 
Tides. But when one confiders that the Wells in Trimly- 
Jircety about a Quarter of a Mile dillant from the IVIill, are 
about 25 Feet deep, and that the Springs all rife in 
Cragg; we can no way account for this Cragg fo many 
Feet under Ground, but from the univerfal Deluge. 

Martlesh AM. Sir John Vcrdiin was Patron, and re- 
fided here y^.D. 1328. But before the Year 1400 it 
came to the Noonsy one of whom was a Juftice of the 
Peace, and fevere to the Proicfiants in Queen Mary^^ 
Reign. It continued in that Family above 2C0 Years j 
and then it came to the Goodw'im; who removed, as we 
think, from Ipfivkh thither ; and they have now their' 
Seat at the Hall. 

Nactok, in Colneis. The Family of Fa/lo/f were. Pa- 
trons, and probably Lords, from the Year 1380, till the 
Manor and Eftate came to the Brokrs^ by a Marriage 
with the Fa/iolfs. This Family is defcendcd from Sir 
Richard Broke^ Lord Chief Baron in the Reign of 
Henry VIIJ. and not from Sir Robert Broohc, Lord Chief 
Juftice of the Cotrimon- Pleas inQj^icen ^"J/cjrv's Reign,whbfe 
Family was fettled at Tuxford^ in Bti thing. Sir Richard wzs 
pofil'djd of Jlneftforf: Dalfy, or the Dcnham-Bridre Far?nj 
in the 1 3 ICiiig //<«rv VIII. as appears by the Return of an 
Inquifition taken at that Time j an-d it is moft probable; 
2 tliat 

Hundreds c/Carlford and Colneis. 79 

that he built Ccnv-Hall about theYear 1 526. Robert Brokc^ 
of Na£ion^ was created a Baronet in 166 1 ; but the Patent 
was made in the ufual Way, fo that he dying without 
IflTue Male, his Brother's Son could not fucceed to the 
Title J but he marrying Sir Robert's Daughter and Heirefs, 
enjoyed the Eftate ; and had by his fecond Lady, a 
Daughter of Sir John Hcivct, Bart. PkUip Broh^ Efq; 
the prelent Pofl'eiror, and formerly one of the Reprefen- 
tatives for the Borough of Ipfwich. Here are two Ma- 
nors, one called Cow-Hall., and the Stile of the other is 
the Manor of St. Peter in Nation and Kemoroke. [See 
Bucklejham.'l The Tenement Hanions in NaJion^ vczs 
granted as Part of the Poflefiions of St. Pders Priory in 
Ipfwkh.^ to Thomas Alverele, 26 Hairy VIII. 

The late Admiral Vernon made this Parifh the Scar 
of his Refidence. His Nephew, to whom he \ek the 
Bulk of his Fortune, hath, fmce his Death, rebuilt the 
Houfe, and inclofed it within a Pale ; which Inclofure 
he hath called from the beautiful River onv.'hich it {lands, 
Orivell Park. This Gentleman hath done iiill further 
Honour to the River ; for being lately created a Peer of 
Irela7idy he hath taken his Title from it, and is nov/ the 
Right Hon. Lord Orvcell. 

Where the Road from this Parifh to Biccklcjhnm crofres 
that other leading from Ipfivtch to Trimly., is a Place 
called the Sevin Hills (tho' there are more) which fcera 
to have been Barrovjs ; and therefore, perhaps it may be 
more probable, that near this Place it v.-as that Earl JJlt- 
ketel might have fought the Danes., and not at R.uf>Jir.cr^-. 
Unlefs we fuppofe that Rujhnere did formerly extend fo 
far as almoft to reach the Neighbourhood of this Pi-ce. 
Concerning v/hich fcmething might be faid, but too mi- 
nute to be inferted here. 

North of the Bounds of Nccfc::., bef.vcen them ar.d 
•thofe of Ipjwieh Liberties, is a TravSl of Land now bc- 
,come extra-parochial. Part of this abutting on the Or- 

9o Hundreds ^/"CARLtORD ^WCoLJfEiS. 

tuel/j belonged to a little Priory of JuguJI in Monks called 
Mnejhourn Priory. The Site of the Priory is now a 
Farm-Houfe belonging to Philip Broke^ Efq; and that of 
the Church or Chapel to it, hath a Barn built upon it. 
In the Year 1452, at the Requeft of Wlllimn Tumour 
then Prior, it was united to JVoodbridge Priory. In a 
Deed among the Writings of IVoodbrldge Priory, it is 
called a Manor ; and in 22 //t;zry VIII. it was lett by 
Thomas Cooke, Prior of Wocdbridgc, to Thomas Alvarde of 
Jpfwlcb, by the Stile of Manerlum de Akejhorne et Ponds j 
and among the Defcription of fome few Fields holden of 
this Manor, fome called Ryfiigs Paftures, lately belong- 
ing to Edward Grhnjlone, Efq; formerly to the Chauntry 
of St. Laurence^ Ipfwuhy are faid to lie in the Hamlet of 
Mvefborne in the Parifh of Halbwtree. Within this Dif- 
tricl there is fome Account of three Churches, befides the 
Chapel of Alnejbourn Priory. Halloiutrec, or as it was 
fometimes fpelt Halgehetre now mentioned, St. Petronille 
and Bixky. The Church of St. Petronille is mentioned 
in Ipfwich Domefday, where the Heath formerly belong- 
ing to the Burgefles is defcribed as lying between the 
Keath oi John Rous on the North, and the Road leading 
from Ipfwich to the Church of St. Petronille on the South : 
The other Piece is defcribed as lying between the faid 
Road on the North, and the Road leading from NaJfon 
to Ipfwich on the South, the Eaft Head abutting on the 
Heath of Thomas Fajhlf, Eicji and the Weft Head on 
CheJIoyueis Clofe. The Bounds of Rufnmere include the 
whole oi Bixiy-Farm, and run clofe by the Side of Bixly- 
Dficoy ; and fo along that Valley till they meet the Bounds 
of Ipfwich Liberties, (which in the Ipfwich Perambula- 
tion are faid to go) at the End of Bixly-Marfl). From 
hence it feems probable that Bixly may have been united 
to Rufomere ; but it doth not appear plainly where any 
of thefe Churches ftood, but probably one of them near 
what is called Purdis-Farm. The moft we can colleft 

Hundreds ^Carlford ^^^CoLneis. Bt 

isj that this extra-parochial Land was much fuller of In- 
habitants formerly, than it is at prefent j for now there 
are not more Houfes upon it, than formerly there Were 
Churches. ^ 

Newbourn. The Manor of Hajj-'ely in Neivbourn 
belonged formerly to the Priory of JVoodhridge^ and was 
granted -i^^ Henry '^IW. to JohnWingfield znA Ddi-othyhk 
Wife J it is now with the Advowfon of the Rectory veft- 
ed in (Fejiern, Efq; 

Ottley. John Hajiings hord Bergavenny^ and Eari 
of Pembroke^ had the Manor here 28 and 49 Edward lih 
Ed-wcird NevilhoxA Bergavenny died feifed of it lb Ed- 
ward W. and George Neml Lord Abergavenny ^ is now 
feifed of it at this Day. Here is a good old Houfe, for-* 
merly the Seat of the Gofnolds ; and in the Church is a 
Monument for John Goftiold^ who died in 1628; which 
fets forth ihat he was defcended from the right ancient 
and v/orthy Families of Naimton and Wingpeld^ of Le- 
thcrmgham ; that he was Gentleman-Uftier to Qiieen Elt- 
%abeth^ and King yames ; and afterwards Gentleman of 
the Privy Chamber to King Charles I. and that Whnfred 
his Wife was a Grand- daughter of Sir Richard Poole and' 
the Lady Margaret Countefs of Sali/bury^ who was the 
Daughter of George Duke of Clarence^ Brother of King 
Edward IV. This Family fuffered nnueh in the Time of 
the great Rebellion^ infomuch that the Reverend Lionel 
Gofrold^ the laft of the Family, and Re6lor of thatParifti, 
Was obliged to fell the Eftate. 

Playford, is moil remarkable for being the Seat of : 
the ancient Family of Felion^ which is f.iid to take its; 
Name from the Lordfhi{) of Felton^ In Northumberland ■; 
and to be a younger Branch of the Bertrams^ Barons of 
Milford^ and Lords of that Manor. Edmund Felton^ of 
this Family, married a Daughter of Robert Garrard-, of 
G Coddm- 

^1 Hundreds o/Carlford aw^Colneis, 

Coddenham^ in this County ; whofe eldeft Son Sir Thomaf 
Fehon was Chief Jufticc of Chejier in the Reign of Ed-- 
tOardlll. znd of Richard IL Richard, the fecond Son, 
took Priefl's Orders; but John, the youngeft, turned' 
Merchant ; and with fo good Succefs, that he was called 
by way of Eminence the Chapman. "John^ the Grandfon- 
of the Chapman, acquired the Lordfhip and Eftate of 
Zhotly, by marrying Joan Daughter and Heirefs of Sir 
Thomas Mofel, of that Place, Knt. He was fucceeded in 
that and his other Eftates by his Grandfon Robert FeU 
ton, who marrying Margaret the Heirefs of Sir Thomas 
Sampfon, of Playford, Knt. acquired this Lordfhip, with* 
other Manors and Eftates in the Neighbourhood. An- 
thony, Great Grandfon of the faid Robert Felton, was- 
made Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King 
fames I. in the Year 1603 ; and his Son Hejiry was crea- 
ted a Baronet 20 July, 1621. Sir Thomas Felton, Grand- 
fon of the firft Baronet, was Comptroller of the Houfhold 
2-nd Privy Councellor to Queen Anne \ but dying without 
IfTue Male, the Honour and Eftate came to his Brother 
Sir Compton ; and he likcwife dying without Iflue Male^ 
the Honour became extindl, and the Eftate reverted to 
the Right Hon. John Hcrvey, the firft Earl of Brijiol 
of this Family, in Right of his Countefs Elizabeth, the 
Daughter and Heireft of the aforefaid Sir Thomas Felton^ 
who was Sir Compton s elder Brother. 

Playford Church is faid to have been built by 

Felbrigg, who is therein buried. The Revenues of it 
were given by Robert Mallet to his Priory at Eye, and 
granted iS Henry V III. to Edmund Bedingfield; but they 
belong now to Richard Norton, Efq; whofe Mother wa<» 
Daughter of Sir Compton Fdton. 

RusHMERE, was the Lordftiip of iniUafn de Freney 
in the Time of King John, for he paid Fines to Ipfwich 
for himfelf and his Villains in Rujhmere and Brijcte. At 


Hundreds of Ca^lford and CoL^iEi^. 83 

this Place Ulfketel is faid to have withftood the Dams, 
(but fee NaSion) J.D. loio. The Lordfhip of this 
Parifli hath for many Years been in the Feltons, of Play^ 
ford ffee there) ; and is now vefted in the Earl of Brifiol, 
together with a great Part of the Parifh. The Church 
was impropriated to the Prior and Convent of Chr'if- 
Chiirch^ Ipfw'ich ; and the Impropriation and Advowfon 
of the Vicarage were granted 37 Henry VIII. to Aufi'm 
Jufiins^ M. D, and they were fold again by Dr. Anfiim 
to Sir fohn feriny^ Knt. and Humphry Warren^ Gent. 
In this Deed are fpecified the following Particulars, vix. 
The Parfonage Barn, and the Barn-yard, the little Piece 
oppofite to it, containing about three Roods ; alfo two 
Pightles, containing by Eftimation nine Acres, lying in 
the Parifh of St. John Baptifr^ in Caldvjcll ; and all other 
Houfes, &c. late in the Occupation of Thomas IjOxA. 
IFentw.orth, and Parcel of the Pofleflions of the faid late 
Priory ; but the Right of Patronage of the Vicarage is 
not fpecified as fold with the Re61:ory. The Rectory 
came thro' the Felions, and is now vefted in the Earl of 
Brijfol -y and the Advowfon of the Vicarage is in the 
Heirs of Sir Samuel Barnard'tfion^ Bart. 

Catharine Cadye^ Widow, A.D. 1521, left a large 
Legacy towards building a new Steeple of like Fafnion, 
Bignefs and Workmanfliip, with that at Tuddenham : The 
two Steeples do only differ in the Form of the Battlements. 

Trimly St. Martin, in Colnels. Grinflon-Hall in 
this Parifh, the Manor of Grmfion with Morflon^ and a 
good Eflate befides, v/as purchafed by John Barker^ Efq; 
who was created a Baronet 17 March, 162 1. This 
Honour and Eflate is now in Sir jdm Fytch Barker, Bart. 
Grlmfon-Hall was formerly the Seat of Tho7nas Candijh, 
Efq; the fecond EngUfrmian that failed round the Vv^orld, 
who v/as born here. There are two Ilexes flill (landing 
at Grvnjion-Hally v.'hlch are faid to have been planted 
G 2 by 

84 Hundreds of Carltord and Colneis. 

by him. This gallant Officer, fitted out three Ships, at 
his own Expence, againft the Spa7iiards, viz. the Defirty 
Burden 1 20 Tons j the Content, of 60 Tons ; and the 
Hugh Galla7it, a Bark, of 40 Tons. On board thcfc 
Ships he had no more than One Hundred and Tv^enty- < 
three Hands, Men and Boys. With this finall and in- 
confidcrable Force, he failed from Plymouth, 21 ji^/t'> 
1586. In the /vZ-rz/^/';' following he pafied through the 
Straits of Mngcllaii, and entered the South-Seas, v/here he , 
plundered and burnt the Towns of Palta, Puna, y^qua- 
pulco, Nathidad, Acatlar, and feveral others on the Coafts 
of Chill and Peru, with great Succefs. After which he 
attacked the 67. Anna^ a large Aquapulco Ship of 700 Tons. 
Before this, he had faiik the Bark at the Ifland of P.iina, 
for v/ant of Hands to man her ; and it does not appear 
that the Content came up, fo as to have any Share in the 
Engagement : . In his own Ship, the Dejire, he had not, 
at the moft, above Sixty iVIen ; yet, with thefe he at- 
tempted to board the St. Anna j and tho' he was twice 
repulfed, at the third Attack he took her ; with the Lofs 
of only two Men killed, and five wounded. What Lofs 
the Enemy fuflaincd, is not faid j but Capt. Candijh fet 
One Hu7idrcd and Ninety- one Prifoners on Shore at Puerto 
Segnro, and brought o?i Seven with him, to ferve as Pilots, 
Linguifts, i^c. Fie took in this Prize One Hundred and 
Twenty-two Thoufand Pezos of Gold, each Pezo being 
of the Value of Eight Shillings j befides a great Quantity 
of other rich Merchandize. After this he touched at the 
Philippine Iflands, and returned Home by the Cape of 
Good Hope, 7111(1 St. Ilclena. If this Expedition be duly 
confiderediwith all its Circumfianccs^ it will be found to be 
by far more remarkable, than what has happened in thofe 
Seas, within our Memories. But the Suffolk Commo- 
dore had no Killorian to celebrate his Praifcs ; and he 
cbntentcd himfclf with fending the following fhort Ac- 
count of his glorious Succeis, in a Lcuer to Lord Hunfdon, 


FIuNDREDS of Carlford and Colneis. ^c^ 
at that Time Lord ChamberJain to Queen Elizaheth ; 
vvliich he dated from Plymouth.^ where he arrived fafely 
9 September y 1588. The Letter runs thus : 
" Right Honourable^ 
*« As your Favour heretofore hath bene mofte greatly 
*' extended towards me. To I humbly defire a Continuance 
«* thereof; and though there be no Meanes in roe to 
*' deferve the fame, yet the uttermoft of my Services fhall 
*' not be wanting, whenfoever it fliall pleafe your Honour 
" to difpofe thereof. 1 am humbly to defire your Honour 
",to make knowen unto her Majefty the D^^fue I have 
*' had to doe her Majefty Service, in the Performance of 
'* this Voyage. And as it hath pleafed God to give her 
" the Vidtory over Part of her Enemies, fo I truft, yer 
«• long to fee her overthrow them all. For the Places of 
" their Wealth, whereby they have maintained and made 
" their Warres, are now perfedly difcovercd ; and if it 
*' pleafe her Majefty, with a very fmall Power, (lie may 
*' take the Spoile of them all. It hath pleafed the Al- 
*' mighty to fu.^er mee to circompalTe the whole Globe 
*' of the World, entering in at the Streight of Magellany 
" and returning by the Cape dc Buena Efperariza. In 
'* which Voyage I have either difcovered, or brought 
*' certeine Intelligence of all the rich Places of the World 
*' that ever were knowen or difcovered by any Chriftian. 
■" I navigated alongft the Coaft of Chilis Peru^ and Nueva 
*' Efpanna^ where I made great Spoiles : I burnt and 
*' funke nineteen Sailes of Ships fmall and great. All 
" the Villages and Townes that ever I landed at, I burnt 
*' and fpoiled ; and had I not bene difcovered upon the 
*' Coafi:, I had taken great Quantitie of Treafure^ The 
*' Matter of moft Profit unto me, was a great Ship of the 
*' King's, which I tooke at California ; which Ship came 
" from the Pljilippiiies^ being one of the richeft of Mer- 
" chandife that ever pafled thofe Seas, as the King's Re- 

*' gifter and Merchants Accounts did fi-iev/. Which 

G 3 " Goods 

86 Hundreds o/Carltord ^w^Colneis. 
«« Goods (for that my Ships were not able to contein the 
«' leaft Part of them) I was inforced to fet on Fire. From 
** the Cape of California^ being the uttermoft Part of all 
*« Nueva Efpar.ua^ I navigated to the Iflands of the Phi- 
•' lippines, hard upon the Coali of Ch!?ia ; of which 
** Countrey I have brought fuch IntelHgence as hath 
<« not bene heard of in thefe Parts. The Statelinefle and 
«' Riches of which Countrey I feare to make Report of, 
*« leaft I ihould not be credited : For if I had not knowen 
*' fufficiently the incomparable Wealth of that Countrey, 
*'Ifhould have bene as incredulous thereof, as others 
" will be that have not had the like Experience. I failed 
*' along the Iflands of the Malucos^ where among fome of 
«* the Heathen People I was well intreated, where our 
•* Countreymen may have Trade as freely as the Portu- 
«' gals^ if they will themfelves. From thence I pafled by 
" the Cape of Buem Efperanza^ and found out by the 
*' Way homeward the ifland of St. Helena^ where the 
*' Portugals ufed to relieve themfelves ; and from that 
" Ifland God hath fufFered me to returne into England, 
** All which Services with myfelf, I humbly proftrate at 
" her Majcfty's Feet ; defiring the Almighty long to coii- 
" tinue her Reigne among us : For at this Day fhe is the 
*' moft famous and vidtorious Prince that livcth in the 
" World. 

»< Thus humbly defiring Pardon of your Honour for 
*' my Tedioufnefle, I leave your Lordfhip to the Tuition 
*' of the Almighty. Plimmouihy this ninth of September', 
»' 1588. 

*' Your Honour's mofl humble to command, 


* \Vc have taken this Account from H(:ckiuyt's Colledion 
of Vovages, yr. where it is called, " Tiie admirable and 
.'/ proVpfrous. Voyage of the woj-ftiipful Mailer Tboi.iai Can- 

" dijh, of Tri fi:leyt ir\ the County cf SuffoIL-, Efquire 

•' VVriUen by M;Jler Francis Pretty, laiely of ^^ in Suffolkcy 

Hundreds -j/Carlford ^«^Colneis. S7 

The Succefs of this Voyage encouraged our Trimky 
.'Hero to make a fecond Attempt with a larger Force. Ac- 
cordingly he departed from Plymouth, with live Shipc, 
0.6 Juguji i^^i, on a like Expedition. But in this he 
failed ; for we are forry to add, that after pafling the 
Straits of Magellan a fecond Time, on 20 May 1592, he 
was parted from his Fleet in the Night, and was never 
heard of fmce. 

Mr. Lambord., arguing in Favour of the Opinion that 
formerly there were Men of moft extraordinary Stature, 
-faith, *' Since the Beginning of the >Reign of Queen 
'* Elizabeth^ there were .found in Suffolk, Qver-againift 
*« Harwich in EJfex, by a Gentleman called Cavendijb, 
" the Bones of a Man whereof the Skull was able to 
*' contain five Pecks, and one of the Teeth remaining 
*' yet with Mr. Secretarie, is as big as a Man's Fift, and 
*' weigheth ten Ounces. Thefe Bones had fometimes 
^' Bodies, not of Beafts, but of Men 5 for the Difference 
*■' is manifeft." — Lambard\ Pi6l. p. 124. ButtheNun;- 
.bers are in Figures, and thefe might be miftaken by the 
Printer, as the Book was publifhed from the Author's 
-own Manufcript. 

Altejim Redlory was confolidated to Trhnly St. Martin^ 
.9 July, 1362.: No Remains of this Church are any 
whereto he found; but from a great Number of hu- 
<man Bones and Skulls that were dug up at putting down 
..the Pofts of a Cartlodge, at the Weft-end of Altefton- 
-ftreet, about the Year 1720, it is probable it might ftaqd 
^there over-againft the Park of Gr'mjion-Hall. 

The Hamlet of Tho7-p confifted of many Houfes, (pf 
.which now are no Remains but the Memory of them, in 
G 4 the 

" a Gentleman ernployed in the fame Aclion." To which 
is there added, certain rare and fpecial Notes relating to this 
Voyage, written by Mafter Thomas FitJItr of Ipfivich, who 
rVJ2.s Mafter of the Dejire. This Book was printed J. D. 
1 600 ; it is now become very Icarce, and bears a high Price., 
for which Reafon we the rather choic tocxtiui^l this Accoiart 
^from it. 

8S Hundreds of Caklfovld and Cdlneis. 

the Court-Rolls only) fttuated in feveral Pightles roun4 
the common field, ftill known by theNameof 27'cr/) Field, 
jn the South-weft Part of this Parifli towards the Rivei:. 

Trimly St. Marv, in Colneis. This Church wag 
probably built by Thcmas of Brqtherton, Son of Edward I. 
for his Arms arc itill to be feen over the Door of the 
Steeple. The Earls and Dukes o^ Norfolk were former- 
ly Patrons of it. The Crown began to prefent to it only 
jn J.D. 1545. 

T'jDDENHAM. This Church was given to Trinity 
Piiory in Ipfvjich^ by Ankctill dc Mejang^ and others ; the 
Jlectory and Advowfon of the Vicarage is in Thomas Fon- 
.nereauj Efq; the Owner of Chriji-Church. The laft 
Vicar was inftituted tq it ; but it is now held by Seque- 
(Iration. The Manor here belongs to Mr. William Alht- 
ter^ in whofe family it hath been for many Years. 

Waldrikgfield. All we have learnt of this little 
farifh is, that Sir Robert Hilton^ Knt. was Patron in 
I 305 ; but the Manor and Advowfon now arp in the 
Heirs of Sir Sarnuel Barnardijion, of BrightivcU^ Bart. 

Walton and Felixstow, pCchins. Altho' thcfc 
^re now diftincl Parifiies, yet Felix/hw till of late Days 
was always reckoned as a Part of, and to be in Walton. 
Far the Lands in Felixjloiu were all anciently, and ftil} 
are, except a very fmall Parcel v/hich hold of Fdixjhw 
Priory^ within the Manor of Wcdtcii. The ccnftant Stile 
pf the Court from Rnhard II. to Henry Vll. is, the Ma- 
nor of Walton. Then the Stile was changed to the Ma- 
"or of Walton with Trimly., as it continues to this Day j 
but it is never called the Manor oi lyalfonwkh Filixjlovu. 
And fo late as Henry V\\\. when an Inquifition was 
taken of the Poflefllons of Cardinal Wolfy., in Suffolk; 
he is there faid to have had an annual Penfion iiom the 
^'buich of St. F^lix in Walion. 

z JFpltoVi 

Hundreds <7/Caulford ^;zi Colnets., 89 

JValton, thus largely takeji, was a Place of great Note, 
as well before, as for fome Ages after the Conqucft. As 
Orwell Harbour is fometimes now called Harwich Har- 
bour., from Harwich^ a Hani let of Dover-court, fituated 
on the South-fide of it j fo, in old Court-Rolls, it is fre- 
quently called JVadgate-haven^ from the Hamlet ol Wad- 
gate in Walton., where now there are but three Houfes re- 
maining. Here, as Hollingjliead informs us, the Earl of 
Lekejler landed with his Flemings in 1173, and was re-s- 
ceived by Hugh Btgod Earl of Norfolk, then Lord of the 
Manor and Caftle oi Walton ; and in 11 76 (fays the 
fame Author) HenryW. caufed all fuch Caftles as had 
been kept againft him during the Time of that Rebel- 
lion [Walton named among the feft) to be overthrown, 
;ind made plain with the Ground. And this was then 
fo effectually done, that, to prevent its ever rifing again, 
the Stones of it were carried into all Parts of Fcllxjlow, 
Walton, and Trimly ; and Foot-paths were paved with 
them, on both Sides of the Roads. In many Places they 
flill remain entire, and fome Fragments of them are to 
be met with in all. At the fame time the Caftle of 
Jpfwich was demolifhed. 

He that ftiall look for the Site of this Cajik within 
- the Bounds of Walton ftri£lly taken, will never find it ; 
but upon a high Cliff in Felixjiow, at the Diftance of a- 
bout one Mile from the Mouth of Woodhridge River, and 
two Miles from Orwell-Haven, Part of the Foundation 
of the Weft-fide of it, is ftill to be feen ; being now One 
Hundred and Ejghty-feven Yards in Length, and nine 
Feet thick ; it is called by the Country-People, Stone- 
Works. How much longer it was we cannot judge, 
Part of che South-end being wafhed away ; and the Sea, 
which is daily gaining upon this Coaff, haying fwallowed 
. >jp the Ruins. 

Such was the Condition of it, about the Year 1 740 ; 
l>ut, fince then; the Sea hath waflied away the Remainder 


50 Hundreds of Carltord and Colkeis. 

of the Foundation. There can be no doubt but Walton 
•Caftle w<is a Roman Fortification, as appears from the 
great Van'ety of Roman Urns, Rings, Coins, iffc. that 
•have been found there. It is thought to have been built 
-by Conjtantlne the Great, when he withdrew =his Legions 
from the Frontier Towns in the Eaft of Bnta'in, and 
built Forts or Caftles to fupply the Want of them. The 
■Coins that have been lately taken up here, are of the 
Vcjpafian and Antonine Families j of Severus, and his Suc- 
cefTors to Gordian the Third j and from Gallienusy down 
-to Arcacl'ms and Honorius. It is certain, the Caftle had 
the .Privilege of coining Money; for fevcral Dies have 
i)een found for that Purfofe. 

Roger Bigot had a Grant of a Market at Walton^ 17 
Mwardl. or A.D. 1288. The Market-Ciofs is ftiil 
i^anding, tho' the Market has been long difufed. 

In the P^rifli of FelixJioWy about a Quarter of a Mile 
iNenh.of Felixjioiu High-ftreet, and at the fame Diftance 
Eaft from Walton Bounds, are very confiderable Ruins 
of an ancient and magnificent Building, which goes by 
the Name of Old-Hall. Tiiis probably was erected for 
the Manor-Houfe foon after the C«7/?/f was demoiifhed, 
-and was the Place where King Edward III. laid fome 
time at his Manor of Walton before his Enterprife into 
France ; wherein he gained that Victory over the French 
■King near Crejfey^ A.D. 1338; and difpatched many 
.confiderable Things there, as appears from Rymer's Fos- 
dera^ Vol. V. and here he confirmed the Charters granted 
,to the. Corporation. of i/yti;;V/;, hy Tin InfpcximuSy dated at 
Walton in his twelfth Year, or 1339. 

In a Survey of the Manor of Felixjlow Priory, made 
in 161 3, we find a Clofe of Arable Land called Great 
,Long-doley in which Clofe are the Ruins pf Walton Caftle, 
and the Clofe is dcfcribed as lying between-thc Old AbUy 
and the CI iff Eaft. The Clofe next mentioned is called 
the Old Abbey, \ying between the Cliff, Eaft and South ; 

Hundreds c/Carlford and Colheis. gi 

and Great Long-dole, Weft, containing fix Acres. Alfo 
a Clofe of Fenn Ground, called 0/d Jbby-Pond, lying 
open to the old Abbey, South. From thefe Defcriptions 
it is plain, that the Priory dedicated to St. Felix, the firft 
Biftiop of the Eaji jungles, was founded, and probably 
very early, in this Place ; tho' now no Remains are to 
be feen, fave only the Site of the Ponds. The BigotSy 
Earls of Norfolk, were great BenefacSlors to this Houfe ; 
and it is very likely, that foon after the Caftle was de- 
molifhed, it was by them removed into a Field abutting 
on Walton Church, North ; from whence you have a de- 
lightful Sea Profpeil, and may fee Orford Church and 
Caftle. The Monks were called Monks of Rochejiery 
becaufe Roger Bigod gave it as a Cell to the Monks of 
Rochejier. He endowed it with the fmall Manor of Fe- 
lixjlow Priory, taken out of his Manor of Wcdtoriy and 
with the Churches of Walton and Felix/lovu. Some Ruins 
of this Priory are ftill to be feen. The Site of it, with 
the great Tithes of Walton and Felixjlciv, and the Ad- 
vowlbn of the Vicarages, were given at the Diffolution to 
Cardinal Wolfey, 26 Henry Vllf. But long after his Fall, 
jn 19 Queen Elizabeth they were granted to Thomas Sec^- 
ford\ and are now, with the other Eftates of that Family 
veftcd in Mr. Atkinfon (fee Bealings) ; but the fmall Ma- 
nor of Felixjlovo Priory, as alfo the large Manor of WaU 
ton with Trimley, and RuJJ'els in Falkenha7n, are in Sir 
"John Fytch Barkery Bart. 

Langer-Forty and not Land-guard Foyt, as it is ccrrupt- 
,]y and vulgarly called, takes its Name from Langer-Com- 
mon in Felixjiow upon which it ftands, on the South-eaft 
Corner of it, two Miles from the ClifF. It is not cer- 
tainly known when the firft Fort was built. Cambden 
takes notice of Langer-Jlone as a Place where Fifhermen 
dried their Nets, but makes no mention of any Fort. 
The old Fort had four Baftions (wiih fifteen very large 
Guns upon each), whi<:h were called the King's, the 
3 ^eensy 

92 Hundreds <7/Carlford ^^^Colneis. 

J^teefi'sy If'^arivick's, and Holland's. Thefe Names fliew 
that it was erected after Qiicen Elizabeth's Tiaie ; and 
probably it was in the Beginning of Charles I. whoin the 
Grant of his Manor of Walton with Trimly^ calls it a 
Fort newly built, viz. cxcepto ioto illo folo ^ fundo jtixta 
•Marc prope prcdi^nm mancrium de Walton ciim Trimly, 
Juper quod Foviilagiinn pro defenfione patrice ibidem nuper 
tsdipcatum exijiit. The old one was demoiifhed by' A(£t 
of Parliament, and this prcfent Fort built in the room of 
it, in 17 1 8. 

The Fort being built for the Security of 0;-::'.''//-FIa\'cn 
by Harwich in Effex^ People at a Diftance have imagined 
the Fort as well as Harzvich to be in EJpx (a) ; and as 
all Letters from the Board of Ordnance, i5\. to the Gar- 
rifon are ufually fcnt by the Harivich Bag ; and directed 

fometimcs, 'I'o at Langer-Fort^ near Harzvich irt 

EJ/cx ; and fometimcs for ^hortnefs, To =— , at 

Langcr-Fort, in EJ/ex : From hence many People in the 
Neighbourhood have been led into the fame Miftake. 
This Miflake hath fo generally prevailed, that tho' the 
Arm of the Sea between the Fort and Hanvich is two 
Miles over, the common People in Hariuich will tell you 
they have feen fome old Peifons that remembred the 
Time, when v/ith a Board laid upon two Horfes Heads 
they could walk over from Harwich to the Fcj-t ; and 
that the Sea which now runs up to Ipfwich on the South- 
i'lde of the i^<?r/, did run formerly on the North of it, 
where now is Lavger- Common. Whoever obfcrves the 
Soil and Situation of Langer-Co7nmon zvA Langer Marlhes, 
will make no difRculty in acknowledging that they have 
been formerly covered by the Sea ; and the Sea muft 
then have extended from the Suffolk ClifF to the Ejjex 
Cliff". How long this Common and Level of Marfhes 
jiave been gained from the Sea, we cannot precifely de- 

(a) We fnould not take fo much Notice of this vulgar 
Error, were it not gravely mentioned by the Right Reverend 
't.di\lQt- oi Cambdcn. 

Hundreds c/Carlford ^^JColneis. 93 

termine. But that the Sea had not its Chanel on the 
North-fide of the Fort> is demonftrable from the Court- 
Rolls of the Manor of IValton^ which make frequent 
mention of Longer - Coinmon in Fclixjiow for upwards of 
Two Hundred Years before any Fort was built there 4, 
yet To ilrongly are People poficifed in Favour of the Mar- 
vellous, that ftill the Fort mufi; be in Ejjix, becaufe it is 
within the Jurifdiciicm of the Bijhop of London. But 
what Jurifdiction hath the Bifhop of Lonchn ever exer- 
cifed there, except the appoin.ting of a Chaplain ? and 
this he may have done at Plpnoiith^ or B er%vick-\x^Qt\- 
Tiveed\ which furely are not in Ejjlx. But to put this- 
Matter paft all Difpute, it appears by the Rcgitrcr of the 
Bifhop of Norwich, that the Chapel of tlie Old Fort was 
confecrated 7 September 1628, by the Bifhop of Norvjich, 
as lying within his JurifdiSiion. By the way, this is the 
beft Evidence we have of the Time when Langcr-Fry, t 
was firft built. The very learned Editor of Catnbdai^ 
from the Similarity of the Words, was led to think that 
Langcr-Fort was a Contradlion of Land-guard- Fort i 
but it appears from what has been faid concerning the 
Antiquity oi La7iger-Qommon, that the Truth is the Re- 
verfe of this j for Land-guard- Fort is a Corruption of 
Langer-Fort. It is true, every Fort muft be fuppofed to 
guard the neighbouring Country j but the Fort we are 
fpeaking of, could never without an Irony be called 
hand- guard- Fort ; for upon Sight of it every Man of 
common Senfe muft fee, it could never be intended to 
guard the Land \ the Ufe of it muft be to guard the 
Haven. Even the old Fort, which was far more com- 
modious and ufeful than this, could never be fuppofed to 
guard thcLand; fmce any Number of Forces may evi- 
dently land at Felixjhvj Ferry, without the Knowledge, 
or with it, in fpite; of Langcr-Garrifon. 

WiTNESHAM. Sir Edmund Bacon hzd this Lordfhip 
about the Year 1291 j Sir IFarine Latymer^ A.D. 1341 ; 


94 Hundreds of Carlford ajtd Colneis. 

Sir John Breivfe, A. D. 1361 ; whofe Defceridants had 
the Advowfon till the Reign of Henry VIII. when the 
Judleys had it. Sir R'uhard de Weyland had a Manor 
here ; Bartholoincvo BurgherJ]}, who married Cec'die his 
Daughter, had a Charter for a hzz Warren in his Do- 
main Lands in Witncfoam^ Sic. and died 43 

EdivardllL feifed of it. And Edward le Difpencer^ who 
married Burgherjh's Daughter, died feifed of it 49 Ed- 
ward III. Barthokmew BurgherJ/j had a good old Seat 
here, the Site of which may ftill be ken in Mrs. Child'5 
Farm, where it had a Moat round it; and that dirty Road 
now corruptly called Barrage- lauc'^ had its Name from 
him. He was one of the firft Knights of the Garter, or 
as they are called, one of the F'Aoulers of that Order. 
The Family of Mradoivs hath hr.d a Seat here from the- 
Time of King Richard III. The Advowfon of the 
RetStory was bought of fome of them by the late Mr. 
Bfcinmont, and fold by his Son to ^t. Peter's College in 
Ciunbridge. Here was formerly a free Chapel dedicated 
to St. "Ihomas, and mentioned in Bifhop Tanner % Not. 
Aim. the Ruins of which appeared not long fince in a 
Meadow called Burgherjh. The Rivulet Fyn, which 
empties itfelf at Martlcjham^ rifcs in this Parilh, not far 
fioin the Church. From hence the Street near the Bridge 
is called in Domefday Fynford; and, in old Wills, the 
Biidgc is called Fynfoid-Biidge. 



L E S. 

TH E Hundred of Loes lieth to the Eaftward of 
Carlford, and North of the Hundred of JVill- 
ford ; and contains the following Nineteen? 
Parifhes, viz. 

Brandeston, in the Conqueror's Time was the 
Lordfhip of Odo de Campania ; his SuccefTors granted it 
to the Burwells j and from them it came through the 
iVeylands^ and Tuddenhams^ to the Bedingfields. Andreu^ 
Revety Efqj purchafed this Manor of them, and made the 
Hall his Seat, whofe Defcendants ftill continue there. 

The Advowfon of the Vicarage and the great Tithes, 
were appropriated to Woodhridge Priory by Sir Thomas 
tVeyland, about A.D. 1290. After the DifToIution they 
came into the Hands of the Seckford Family ; but are 
jiow vefted in Feoffees, in Truft, to fupport fome Dif- 
fenting Meeting-Houfes in London, 

BuTLEY. This Church is in Loes Hundred] but the 
Abbey in Plomefgate. (See that, j 

CAMPSEY-^^i or A/h by Campfey^ was remarkable for 
a Nunnery of the Order of St. Aujlin^ founded by "Joan 
and Agnes de Vakines, two Sifters, who dedicated it to the 
Honour of God and the Virgin Mary. This Nunnery 
was feated in a fruitful and pleafant Valley on the Eaft- 
fide of the 'R\vtT Deben^ and on the North it had a large 
Lake of Water j fo that the Water fupplied them with 
Fifli and Wild -fowl, and the Land with the other Ne- 
ceflaries of Life. Maud de Lancajier Countefs q^ Ul/hr^ 


^6 Hundred ^/LoEs. 

who afterwards married Ralph de Ufford, Chief Juftice of 
Ireland, obtained a Licence from King Edward III. to 
found a Chauntry of five Chaplains, fecular Priefts, to 
pray and fing Mafs in the Church of this Nunnery, for 
the Souls of li'itliam de Burgh and Ralph de Uffcrd, and 
their Wives, i/z. Elizabeth de Burgh and A^aud de Vfford^ 
her Daughters, i5c, which Chauntry remained there fome 
Years ; and then was removed by the faid Lady to Rokc- 
hall^ in Bndfyard. Several curious Deeds relating to this 
Nunnery, are faid by the Authors of Mag. Brit. ?jova IS 
a7itiqua, to be in the Hands of Francis Cannings Efq; of 
Fexcoat^ in Warwickjhire. In the Window of the Par- 
lour in the Abbey-houfe, is novia Piece of Glafs ftained 
with the Arms of the Ujfords. And. in the Window of 
the Chamber over it, is the Figure of a Lady ftained in 
Glafs, with thcfe Words Governess Grace. The 
Nunnery was valued at the Diflblution, 35 Hen. VIIL 
at 182/. 95. ^d. per Annian^ and granted to Sir /F/7//V?w 
Willoughbyy who fold it to J dm Lane, Gent. It was 
purchafed of the Lanes by Frederick Scot-, who fold it to 
iSir Henry Wood, of Loudhayn ; and it came with the reft 
of his Eftate to William Chapman, now of Loudhajn^ 

In this Parifli is an old Scat, formerly the Eftate of 
Iheophilus Honjard, Earl of Suffolk. This was purchafed 
by John Brahajn or Branie, Grandfon of Sir John Bra- 
ham oi Braham-HzW, who fettled here; but that Family 
failing of Iflue Male, it is now veiled in two Maiden 
Ladies of that Name. 

The High Houfe in Campfey Is a good Seat, and wa» 
built by John Glroer, Efq; fom.ctime Servant to Thomas 
Howard^ Earl of Norfolk ; whofc Succcffor rcmoviiig to 
Frojlenden in this County, fold it to tiie Shepards^ one of 
which Family now poUclR'S it. 


H U NDR E D (?/ Lo E S. 97 

ChaRSFIELD, was formerly the Lordfhip of IFilliam 
de JVeyloyid in King John's Time, who fined for his Vil- 
lains in Charsfdd and Wejlerfield ; afterwards of the Be- 
dingfields, and fold by them to Sir yohn Leman, Knt. 
Lord-Mayor oi London j to him fucceeded JVilliajn Leman, 
Grandibn of WilUam Leman^ of Becdes^ Efq; who was 
the elder Brother of Sir John Lernan ; in whofe Heirs it 
continued till it was lately fold to William Jennem^ Efq; 
of A a on-? lace. 

The Church was impropriated to Lethcrbigham Priory, 
and is now a Donative properly fo called j that is, filled 
by the Patron, without Pfefentation or Nomination to, or 
Licence from, the Bifhop. 

Cretingham. This Church was impropriated to St. 
Peter''& Priory in Ipfiu'ich. The Manor of St. Peter in 
Cretingham^ did belong to the faid Priory. The Manor 
of Kettlebars belonged to a Family who took their Name 
from it ; from them it pafled to the Family of Mulfo^ and 
from them to the Family of CormvaUis. The Manor of 
Tyes in Cretingham belongeth to Mr. Revet o^ BrondeJIon, 
and hath been the Eftate of his Anceftors about Two 
Hundred Years. The Parifli was anciently divided into 
two Villages, one called Great Cretingham, the other Little 
Cretingham^ near Otth, which had a Chapel belonging to 
it J but they both now make one Parifh. 

Dallinghoo, is Part of it in this Hundred, and the 
other Part iii Willford. Here was a handfome Seat built 
by William Churchill, who fometime refided here. His 
Son-in-Law Francis Ncgzts, Efq; who was formerly one 
of the Reprefentatives of the Borough of Ipjiuich to whom 
he gave it, rebuilt it ; but it was unfortunately confumed 
by Fire, J.D, 1729; the Eftate is now in IFilliam 
Ne^usj Efq; his Son. 

H One 

^ Hundred of L o e s. 

One Manor in this Parifli and Hundred of Loei be- 
longs to the Honor of E)e. 

The other in the Hundred of JVlllfordy called for DI- 
ftindlion-fake, Earl-Dall'mghoo as having been in the 
Hands of fcvcral of the Earls of Norfolk and Suffolk^ to- 
gether with the Advowfon, is vefted in the Earl oi Roch- 
prd. Before he had them they belonged to the JV'ing- 
ficlds^ and anciently to the BoviLs of Letheringham. 

Earl-Soham, is fo called, becaufe it belonged to the 
Earls of Norfolk. Roger Bigod had a Grant of a Market 
as w^ll as a Fair here, 20 Edward I. and Thomas de Bro- 
ti^erton Earl of Norfolk had it confirmed to him, -jEdxv. II; 
The Market hath been long difufed, but there is now a 
Fair yearly on fuly 12. 

5i'Z'w/i- Lodge, is an old irregular Houfe, encompafled 
with a Brick Wall and a large Moat, flanding within the 
Park, to which the Manor of this Town belongs. It was 
anciently the Seat of the Family of Cornvjallis \ from one 
of them it was given by Will to the Corderoys, who fold 
the Manor, Advowfon, Lodge and Park to John Cotton^ 
fccond Son of Sir Jllen Cotton, Lord-Mayor of London 
in 1626. He dwelt here, and was Sheriff of Suffolk in 
1644. His Son fold this Eftate to Lciccficr Dcvereux 
Lord Vifcount Hereford^ and the Executors of his Son 
Price Devcrcux Lord Vifcount Hertford, fold it to John 
Boyfield, Efq; 

East ON', was formerly the Lordfliip of an ancient 
Family in Kettleburgh^ furnamed Charles. Afterwards the 
JVimfclds of Lethcrhighain^ were Proprietors of both. 
ylnthony IVmgf.cld removed from Lctherhigharn^ to God' 
ivyns in Hoo ; and was created a Baronet 17 Alay, ibiy. 
He built the White Houfe at Eajlon, and removing frorrt 
Hoo made it his Seat. To him fucceeded" Sir Richard^ 
Sir Robert, and Sir Hoiry JVingfeld, Barts. whofe Son Sir 


Hun D RE D ^/ Loss. $9 

Hciiry fold this Seat and the Remainder of the WingfieUh 
Eftate in the Neighbourhood, to the Right Hon. William 
Zuilcjlcin^ Lord of Ziillcjicln in the Province of Utrecht, 
Mafter of the Robes to King IViW.am III. and created 
Baron of Enfield, Vifcount Tiaibridge, and Earl of Roch- 
ford, 10 May, 7 William III. He was fuccceded by his 
Son William Henry Earl of Rochford, who cornrnanded 
the Left Wing of the Englijh Army under General Stan- 
hope^ at Ler'ida in Spain^ v/here he was flain n^July, 17 10. 
Frederick, his Brother, fucceeded him j and he dying iri 
1738, was fucceeded by William Henry the prefent Earl 
oi Rochford, who fold this Eftate to the Hon. Mr. NaJJciU 
his younger Brother, married to her Grace the Dutchefi 
Dowager of Ha?nilton and Brandon, who have for feveral 
Years made this their Refidence, 

Eyke. Roger Bigod endowed Alice his fecond Vv'ife 
(inter alia) with the A'lanor of Staverton in this Parifij, 
18 Edward I. fo called, from a Family of the Name of 
Staverton, who had it before. Thomas Mowbray, firft 
Duke of Norfolk, died fcifed of the Manor of Staverton, 
I Henry IV". and it was affigned to his RelicSl as Part of 
her Dowry, 3 Henry YV . The Pafture called Staverton- 
Park, was granted as Parcel of the PoiTeffions of Bntley 
Priory to Thomas Duke of Norfolk, 32 Henry YlII. But 
it now belongs to WilUarn Chapfnan, Efqj as Part of the 
late Mr. Wood's Eflate. 

At Eyke was a Chantry, called Bcnncfz Chantry, of the 
yearly Value of 8/. The Lands belonging to it lying in 
Eyke and Rendlefoam were granted T^EdwardW. to Sir 
Michael Stanhope and fohn Delle. 

Fs.AMLiNGnA.\i, is a Parifh of large Extent, in the 
midft of which ftandcth the Church and Market. The 
Town is pleafantly feated, and pretty well built, upon a 
Clay Hill near the Head of the River Grc ; which rifing 
in the Hills on the North paficth through the Toy;n, and 
H 2 falleth 

rod Hundred of Lots. 

fJleth into the Sea beyond Oreford. The Market is 
Weekly, on Saturday ; and there is a Fair on Monday and 
Tuefday in lVh'itfon~W ccky procured by Thomas of Bro- 
therton. Earl of Norfolk ; and another Fair on M'uhaclmas- 
Day. The Market-place is triangular, and almoft equi- 
lateral. The Church and Caftle are great Ornaments 
to the Town. The Church is indeed a ftately Edifice, 
built (as is fuppofed) by the Mowbrays Earls of Norfolk, 
at leaft great Part of the Steeple feems to have been fo, 
as appears from their Arms at the Bottom, and on the 
Middle of it j but it was not completed till the latter 
End of Henry the Eighth's Reign j for there are many 
Wills in the Archdeacon's Office, in which Legacies are 
given towards building the Steeple at Framlbigham ; and 
in 1520 Legacies begin to be given towards the Battle- 
?ncnts of the Steeple ; and fuch Legacies occur fo late as^ 
the Year 1534. In the Ifles lie buried feveral of the 
Earls and Dukes of Norfolk. There is a curious Monu- 
ment for Thanas Howard, the third Duke of Norfolk, 
who died in 1554 ; in whofe Collar of SS, is this Lifcrip- 
tion, Gratia Dei fum qiicd fan. Another Monument for 
Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond and Somerfet, natural 
Son of HcnryNWl. who married Lady Mary Daughter of 
Thomas Howard Duke of Norfolk, and died in 1536. 
And another Monument to Henry Howard "Ezrl of Surry, 
and Frances his Wife (a Daughter of John dc Vere, Earl 
of Oxford), who was beheaded 19 Jan. 1546. 

There are two Alms-houfcs in this Town ; one founded 
in purfuance of the Will of Sir Robert Hitcham, for twelve 
of the pooreft Perfons in Framlingham, each of whom is 
allowed Two Shillings every Week, and Forty Shillings- 
every Year for a Gown and Firing, Thefe are to attend 
Prayers Morning and Evening at Church ; and Sir ^0- 
bert left moreover, 20 /. by the Year to a Clergyman to 
read Prayers, and 5 /. by the Year for the Clerk and 


Hundred o/Loes. ioi 

The other Alms-houfe v/as founded by one Thc?nas 
Mills. This Man was a Wheel-wright by Trade ; but 
being a gifted Brother in the Times of Diforder within 
the laft Century, he turned Preacher among the Jnabap- 
tiJIs, at Sax/had, near this Town; and throve fo well 
in this Bufinefs as to be enabled, about the Year 1703, 
(until which Time he lived,) to found this Houfe. Ac- 
cordingly, foon after that, his Truftees built this Alms- 
houfe for Eight poor Pcrfons, who are allowed Half a 
Crown a Week, and yearly an outward Garment, and 
Thirty Shillings each for Firing. But one WilUa?n May- 
hew^ a Servant of this Man's, built two of the Apart- 
ments at his own Expence. Thefe eight Perfons enjoy 
the Benefadion for Life ; unlefs, for any Miflemeanor, 
they are turned out by the Truftees. 

Sir Robert Hitcham founded alfo a Free-School, with a 
Salary of 40 /. a Year to the Mafter, to teach Forty of 
the pooreft Children of this Town, to read, write, and 
caft Accounts ; and when they are perfed in them, he ' 
gave each 10/. to bind them Apprentice. It is faid, and 
with fome Probability, that this was a Town of the Bri- 
tons; and they fay, conquered by the Romans, when they 
defeated Boadicca. The Caftle, which is the moft remark- 
able Piece of Antiquity, is fuppofed to have been built by 
fome of the Kings of the Eajl- Angles^ but which of them 
our Hiftories do not mention ; yet it may, not impro- 
bably, be fuppofed to have been built by Redwald^ the 
greateft of them, who kept his Court at Rendlejlmn in 
this Hundred. But this is mere Conjecture. The Caftle 
is a large ftrong Building, containing in Land within the 
Walls, one Acre, one Rood, and eleven Perches. The 
Walls are 44 Feet high, and 8 Feet thick, which are 
now ftanding pretty entire : There are thirteen Towers, 
14 Feet higher than the Walls ; two of which are Watch- 
Towers. It was inacceffible on the Weft -fide, becaufe 
pf the adjoining Mere ; and on the other Side it was for- 
H 3 tified 

102 Hundred ^/Loes. 

tified with a double Ditch, Iffc. fo that it may leafonably 
bp fuppofed to have been, in thofe Times, a very ftrong 
Fortrefs. Yet it is faid, that the Daijes beat St. EdtJiund 
thp King out of it, and kept it in their Hands for fifty 
Years, tijl they were brought under the Obedience of 
the Savons. lyUliam the Conqueror gave it to Roger 
Bigod, Earl of Norfolk ; but the Bigods dying without 
Ifllie, it reverted to the Crown 25 Edward 1. And fo it 
remained till Edward il. in his fixth Year gaye it to his 
Brother Thomas of Brotherton^ Earl of NQrfolk. 'He left 
it to his two Daughters Margaret and Alice, which Alice 
marrying Edward de Montacute ; upon the Divifion of the 
Eftate, he obtained in his Part this Caflle and Dc?nefne. 
He left it to his Daughter Joan, v.'ho marrying William 
de VJf'.rd Earl of Suffolk, carried it into that Family. 
From him it came to the Mowhrays, Dukes of Norfolk, 
who fometimes refided here. From the Mowhrays it 
defcended to the Howards, Earls and afterwards Dukes of 
Norfolk ; after tliem it was granted to the De Veres, Earls 
o^ Oxford; then it returned to the Howards again, who 
ibid tliisCaftle, Manor and Demcfne to S'n Robert Hitcbam, 
Attorney-General in the Reign of Charles I. and he gave 
it to Pembroke Hall in Cambridge, 

Hacheston. There is a ccnfiderable Fair held here 
yearly on the fecond and third of Novcnd^cr, granted 
2 Henry III. to the Prior and Convent of HickUng in Nor- 
folk^ who had this Church given them h^ Theobald de Va~ 
/^//?(?j before the Year 1203, and got it impropriated to 

• The Manor of Hachc/lcn did formerly belong to Fram- 
lingham Caillc, until Theophllus Howard Earl of Suffolk 
fold it to John Brame, of AJIj by Campfey ; whofe Heirs 
do now enjoy it. 

Glcvering-Hall Manor, in this Parifh, did anciently 
jjjelong to the Prior and Convent of Lci/lon j and was 


Hundred c/Loes. 103 

granted 28 Henry VIU, to Charles Erondon, Duke of Suf- 
folk. Afterwards it was the Inheritance and Seat of John 
Bully Efq; fince of the Family of RadcUff^ and now of 
Mr. Thomas Whimper. 

Ho o. Hoo-Jiall did anciently belong to Thomas of 
Brotherton^.'EzxVoi Norfolk : Afterwards it came to the 
Earls of Suffolk ^ and was fold by one of .them to Sir Ro- 
hert Naunton. 

Another confid^raible Eftate here belonged to a Family 
who took their Name from this Town, by whom it was 
fold to one Godhi, a Merchant of London \ from him it 
came to the Family of Wingfcld^ and by them it was fold 
to the Earl of Rochford. There was formerly in this 
Village the Gilds of the Holy Trinity ^ St. Mary^ St. PeUr, 
St. Jindrew i-SiVi^ St. John. The Church was prefentative, 
till ^fter the Year 1470 ; when the Advowfon of it being 
given by John Duke of Norfolk and Catherine his Wife, 
to the Prior and Convent of 'Letheringham^ ihey got it 
impropriated to them. The Impropriation was granted 
7 Edward Y I. to Elizaieth Naroiton. 

Kettleborough, was the Lordfhip of the It'll' 
hughbys. Lords of Erefliy^ in the Reign of EdivardYV. 
Afterwards of the Mowbrays^'Bukt^ o^ Norfolk ; and went 
v.'ith the Manor of Framlingham^ till it was fold by Thomas 
er Theofhilus Earl of Suffolk^ to Sir Robert Naunton ; in 
whofe Family it ftill continues, being now the Property 
of William Le?nan, ECq; the Heir of that Family. 

King //dv?;^ III. J.D. 1265, granted a Market and 
Fair here; but they are both difufed. In this Parifli is 
the Seat of Robert Sparrow, Efqj 

Kenton, belonged to theF^rriily of that Nanje, who 

dwelt in Kenton- Hall \ and who, befides the Manor, pof- 

fefled the greateft Part of .the Parifh : By the Marriage 

of an Heir-gencial, this Eftate defcended to the Pamily 

H 4 of 

104 Hundred of L<oes. 

of WilUJham j from them tliro' the Rmnfeys and Garneys^ 
to the Family of Stane. It is now vefted in WiH'tom Stane, 
Efq; who is Lord of the Manor called by the Name of 
Kenton with Suddonhall. 

The Family o^Warrepi has a Seat in this Parifli, now 
vefted in John IVarreyn^ Efq; whofe Anceftor Robert 
Warreyn^ D. D. Redor of Larg-Mdford^ was ejected 
in 1641, and treated in a very ignominious Manner. 
The Church was impropriated to Bulky Abbey, and 
granted to Francis Fraini'ingham^ 34 Henry VIII. The 
Patronage of the Vicarage is now iii George Bridges^ Efq. 

Letheringham, is remarkable for a little Priory of 
black Canons, founded by Sir John Boytiel^ or Bov'ile ; it 
was a Cell to Sx. Pcter'i in Ipfwich, valued at the Diflb- 
Jution at 26/. 185. 5^, and granted in '] EdwardVl. to 
Mrs. Elizabeth Naimton i in which Family it hath ever 
fmce continued. 

The Priory was converted into a good Manfion, by 
Sir Robert Nauntcn ; fmce whofe Time it hath been the 
Seat of this very ancient Family. Sir Robert removed 
hither ixom Alderton in IFil/ford Hundred, and was in the 
Reign of King James I. Secretary of State, Privy Coun- 
fellor, and Mafter of the Wards and Liveries. He died 
J'D. 1630, without Male IlTue, and was fucceeded at 
Letheri-ngham by his Brother William^ whofe Son Robert 
fufEered much in the great Rebellion for his Loyalty to 
King Charles I. IVilliam Naunton, the laft PollefTor, died 
not long fmce, without llTue j and left the Eftate, after 
the Death of his Lady, to his next Heir. There is a 
noble Gallery in this Houfc, adorned with feveral valu- 
able Pidures. In the Chancel of Letheringham Churcl) 
are fome elegant and magnificent Monuments for the 
Wingficlds and Naimtons^ which have been ill kept for 
ibme Time. 


tlu ND R ED o/ LOE S. IO5 

Marlsforp. This Manor did anciently belong to 
the Sachvills, then to the Rokes, afterwards to the Dnirys, 
lately to the Devercux'sy and now to Fynes Dove^ 

MoNODEN, 0; MoNEWDEN. Odo de Campania had 
Mungaden^ which is faid to have been the old Name of 
this Parifh when Domefday Book was taken. It was af- 
terwards in the Family of Hajiing, and now belongs tg 
> Curry, Efqj 

Rendj^esham, or Rendilisham, /. e. as Bede in- 
.terprets it, the Houfe of Rendilus. Hugh Fit%-Otho pro- 
cured from Edward I. a Market and Fair at Rendlejham. 
Cambden tells us, " Redwald King of the Eajl- Angles^ 
:** commonly kept his Court here ; he was the £rfl: of all 
*' that People who was baptized, and received Chriftia- 
*' nity : But afterwards, being feduced by his Wife, he 
*' had (as Bede exprelTes it} in the felf-fame Church, one 
" Altar for the Religion of Chrift, and another little 
*' Altar for the Sacrifices of pevils. Suidhehnus alfo, 
*' King of the Eaji-Jngles, was afterwards baptized ia 
" this Place, by Cedda the Bifhop." 

The Editor of Camden adds, *« It is faid, that in dig- 
** ging here about thirty Years fince, there was found an 
** ancient Crown weighing about fixty Ounces, which 
*' was thought to have belonged to Redwald, or fome 
*' other King of the Eajl- Angles. But it was fold, and 
rnelted down." See Biftiop Gihfons Edition of Ca7nbden^ 
Fg. 445> 446. 

The Palace where Rendulus kept his Court, is thought 
to have ftood in the fame Place where Rendlejlnmi Houfe 
pow ftands, which was lately the Seat of the Spencers, and 
is now vefted in her Grace the Duchefs of Ha?nilton and 
Brandon, fmce married to the Hon. Mr. Najfau, 

% Here 

■10$ H U N DR E D of L O E S. 

Here vvere four fmall Manors in this Parifh, vi-z. Cdl- 
vylesy to which the Advowfon was formerly appendant. 
This belonged about the Year 1300 to a Family of 
i^olbroo'kt aftervi'ards to a'Family' of Tajlolfy and came 
to the Duke of Norfolk about the Reformation. By his 
Attainder the Advowfon came to the Croivn ; but the 
Manor, with that of ^^wwrj, came to the Corauces^ and 
is now the Eflatc of . 

The other two lyianors arethofc of Nannton Hall and 
'Caketons, which in the Time of King //tv^rj; VIII. belong- 
ed to Mr. Chriftopher Harma}! ; but in the latt-er Part of 
liQi^g Edward VitWs Reign were fold to fames Spencer, 
-and are now in the Duchefsof //<27«/V/o«. 

WooDBRiDGE took its Name from a Wooden Bridge 
tuilt over a hollow ^V'ay, to make a Communication 
between two Parks fcparated by the Road which leads 
from JVoodhridge Market-place towards I^fvjith. At the 
Foot of the Hill from this hollow Way, about a Stone's- 
throw from where the Bridge might ftand, iX a'Houfe, 
which at this Day retains the Name of the Dry-Bridge. 
The River Dehcn^ on vv'hich this Town is fituated, dif- 
■charges itfelf into the Sea about ten Miles bclow.it, and 
is navigable up to the Town. Here are two Quays, the 
common Qiiay where the chief Imports and Exports are, 
and where the fine JVoodhridge Salt is made; and above 
this is the Lime-kiln Quay, where formerly the Ludlow 
Man of War was built. Some Years fince there was an- 
other Dock below the common Q].iay, where the JClngs- 
fijher Man of War was built ; but this is now (hut from 
the River by a mud Wall, and almoft: filled up. 

The Church and Steaple are beautiful Buildings, the 
former is faid to be founded by fohn Lord Segrave. On 
the South- fide of the Church flood a Priory of black Ca- 
ncn"?, founded by Sir Hugh Rous, or Rufus, as JFeaver 
calls him, to which one ILafird was a confiderable Be- 


Hundred c/Loes. 107 

nefador. It was valued at 50/. 35. 54 <r/. per Annum , 
and granted in 33 HenryNWX. to ^'wjohn m figfeld znd 
Dorothy his Wife. It is a good old Seat, now the Eftate 
of the Rev. Thomas Carthcw. The Town traded much 
in Sack-cloth ; the chief Manufacture now is Salt. It 
has a pretty good Market on Wednejdays. This was 
granted in the Reign of King Henry III. There are two 
Fairs yearly, on March 1^^ and ^ept. 21. In the midll 
of the Market-place is the Shire-Hall, where the Quarter- 
Seflions for the Liberty of St. Ethcldred are holden ; un- 
der which is the Corn-crofs. The Market-place is clean 
and well-built, and fo is the i'/fl^z^-ftreet, fo called becaufe 
it was the only Part of the Town which was paved. 
But the Street called the Thorough-fare^ as being fituated 
in the Road from Ipfwich to Yarmouth, is now likewife 
well paved, and kept fo clean that it will tempt the fub- 
ftantial Inhabitants to build and dwell there. 

Here is a free Grammar-School for Ten Boys. The 
Mafter is eleded by the chief Inhabitants of the Parifli; 
and hath a good Houfe, in which is a large Room for a 
School, and Conveniencies for Boarders : He is alfo en- 
titled to the following yearly Payments, 10/. out of an 
Eftate belonging to the Parifh ; 5/. from the Maryotts's 
Eftate, now Mr, Negus's -, 5 /. from the BurvjeWs Eftate ; 
5 /. from the Bedford's Eftate, now Mr. Jtiinfofi's ; and 
to Lands given by one TVillardy of the yearly Value of 
about 5 /. 

Here is alfo an Alms-houfe for thirteen poor Men, 
and three Women, called Seckford^ j becaufe founded 
A. D. 1587, by Thotnas Seckford, Efq; one of the Mafters 
of Rcquefts to Queen Elizabeth. It is endowed with an 
Eftate lying in Clerkemvell, London. One of the poor 
Men is called Governor ; but the Governors of the Alms- 
houfe are, the Mafer of the Rclls^ and the Chief Jufiice 
pf the Court of Common-Pleas for the Time being. The 
three Women were appointed as Nurfes. to be placed in 

IDS' Hundred of ho ls. 

a Houfe called Copt-Hall, (now down) near the Alms- 
Houfe, to attend the poor Men. The late Sir Jofeph 
Jckyle and Sir P^/^r (afterwards Lord) Khig^ A.D. 1718, 
fettled the Penfions to be allowed, viz. to the Governor 
13/. 1 3 J. 4^. and to each of the twelve others 9/. 
15 X. per Annian, to be paid by four Quarterly, but un- 
equal Payments. The Men are alfo allowed an outward 
Garment yearly, on which they wear a Silver Badge with 
ik\^ Seckford hxvaz. The three Nurfes live in a Houfe 
built clofe to the Alms-Houfe, A.D. 1748, are allowed 
5 /. 6 J. % d. per Annum each, paid by equal Quarterly 
Payments. The poor Men are to attend Divine Service 
at the Parifh Church on Sundays, Holidays, IFcdnefdays 
and Fridays. 

The Manor oi lFoodJ?rldge which belonged formerly to 
the Priory, was granted with that to yohn JVlngJleld and 
Dorathy his Wife ; it v.as foon after Seckford's, fince the 
Norths had it, it is now the Eftate of the Rev. TJiomas 

Here is alfo another, which belonged to the Uffords, 
For, ^ Henry Y. upon the Death of If a M, the Relict of 
nilllam de Ufford, Robert Lord // 'dhiighhy as Heir to the 
faid inilla?n, had Livery and Scifm of the Quay and Pool 
of JP'codbrldge. Sir Robert JVllloiighhy, Knt. was feifed 
the 5th£'^/ttw-iIV. of the Manor of Woodbrldge \ and 
in 1 8 Heyny VIIL Sir William WillougUy affigned the 
Manor oilVoodbrldge [Inter alia) for his Wife's Dower. 

Adjoining to Woodbrldge is a Manor and Hamlet, called 
Klngjhn, which belongs to the Dean and Chapter of Ely^ 
but is leafed by them to IVilUajn Negus, Efq. The Prior 
and Convent of Ely are faid to have PofTcffions in Odde- 
huge, in Edward the Confellbr's Time ; which we fup- 
pofe to have been the fame with Jfoodbrldge; for in Domef 
eloy^ this Town is written, Udebryge, 


[ 109 ] 

Hundred of Willford. 

T/fT'IL L FORD Hundred contains eighteen Parifiies, 
r0^ and is bounded by the Ocean on the Sonthy by 
the Hundreds of Loes and Plomcfgate on the 
Islorth and Eajl^ and by the Dehen on the WejL 

A L D E R T o K, confifts of four Manors ; each of 
which hath a Right to prefent to the Rediory in its Turn, 
v/z. The Manor of Nmmton-Hall or Alderton Hall^ the 
firft Turn ; the Manor of Bovile's^ the fecond ; the 
Manor of Pechys^ the third ; ('thefe three are vefted in the 
Heirs of T/jomas Bacofi, Efq;) and the Manor o( Alderfort 
Comitis or Earls Alderton, hath the fourth Turn ; which 
Manor belongs to the Biftiop of Norivlch^ and it is liis 
Right to prefent the next Turn. Tiais Manor is held by 
Leafe from the Bifhop oi Norvuich^ by Sir Robert Clarke, 
The ancient Family of IS'auntcn, who were formerly 
Lords of the firft three Manors, refided here for a long 
time, before Sir Robert Nauntoii removed to Lctheringham, 
{See Dalinghooy in this Hundred.) 

Baudsey. This Lordfhip belonged in the Time of 
Henry II. to Ranulf de Glaiwile^ who gave one half of it 
to his Daughter Amalnl^ married to Ralph dt- Arder-iie^ 
whofe Grandfon Ralph gave this Moiety to the Prior and 
Convent of Butley ; the other Moiety he gave to his 
Daughter Helewije^ who married P^ohcrt Fh% Ralph Lord 
oi Middlcham^ in Torkjhlre : This Moiety came after- 
wards to Robert de Ufford^ who was twice Chief Juftice 
of Ireland, and obtained from King Edzvard I, in the 


J 10 Hundred of Willford. 

eleventh Year of his Reign, a Licence for a Weekly 
Market, on Fridays ; and a Fair on the Eve, Day, and 
Morrow of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary^ September 8^, 
at his Manor of Bawdrefey, William Lord JVilloiighhy 
died feifed of this Manor 1 1 Henry IV. Robert his Son 
had Livery 4 Henry V. and Sir Robert JVillonghhy was 
feifed of it 5 ^fr/w^r^IV. It is now vefted in the Earl 
of Dyfert. 

The Church of Bawdfey was given by Ramdph Glati-^ 
vile himfelf to his Priory and Convent oi But ley, who got 
it impropriated to them. The Impropriation was granted 
away after the Diflblution j but the Advowfon of the 
Vicarage remains yet in the Crown. The Steeples both 
of Alderton and Bawdfey are very ufeful Sea-marks j bur 
both are in a ruinous Condition. 

BiNG, is only a fmall Hamlet of Petti/iree, but per- 
haps larger formerly; for there was a Claim made 14 
Edward I. of a Right to hold a Market here every 
Thurfday-y Joan of Huntingf eld hzd then the Manor; 
but it was afterwards given to Campfey Priory, and granted 
as Parcel of the Pofleflions of that Priojy, to Anthony 
mngfield, 20 Henry Vm. 

BouLGE. Odi de Campania had Bulges and Depebeck 
(probably Boulge and Debach) when Domefday-Book was 
made. Sir Thomas Hatimer was lately Lord of this Ma- 
nor and of Debach^ and Patron of both the Churches, 
as his Nephew, the Rev. Sir William Bunbury, Bart, 
is now. As thefe Benefices are fmall, and the Churches 
very near each other, Sir William hath lately procured the 
Confolidaiion of them. 

BoYTON. The Manor and Advowfon here were 

granted as Parcel of the Pollefiions of Butley Priory to 

William Fourth and Richard Moryfon, 37 Hemy Vllf. 

3 They 

Hundred c/ Will ford. irr 

They afterwards came into the Family of JFarmr^ and 
are now veiled in the Truftees of Mrs. Mary Warner-^ 
who devifed them together with an Eftate of about 400A 
■per Annum to charitable Ufes, vi%. fome fmall Part of it 
is appropriated to the Poor of Parham ; another Part of it 
to the Endowment-of a School at Stradbroak j the chie^ 
Part to the Endowment of an Alms-houfe here; and the 
Overplus is for the Relief of Infolvent Debtors in Suf- 
folk. The firft Truftees of this Charity were the late 
Right Hon Pryce Lord Vifcount Hereford^ the late Sir 
John Barker, Bart. DudLy North, Efq; the late Edmund 
Tyrrell, Efq; the late Rev. Tbcvias Bence, and the Rev. 
Mr. IVelton, Thefe Gentlemen, A. D. 174.3, built the 
Alms-houfe, called from the Foundrefs JVarner's Alms- 
houfe, It contains fix poor Men, and fix. poor Women, 
each of whom receives Four Shillings every Monday Mornr- 
ing. The Men have alfo every Year new. Coats, Waift- 
coals, and Breeches ; and the Women every Year, nevtf 
Gowns and Petticoats : They are all to attend Divine 
Service every Day at Church, which is very near the 
Houfe ; where the Reader is allowed Forty Pounds per 
Annum, The prefent Truftees are, Dudley North, Efq; 
the Rev. Mr. TVeltan of Norwich, Sir John Rous, Bart. 
John Rujh, Eftj^; John Scrivener, Efq; the Rev. Mr. 
North of Sternfield, and the Ps.ev. Mr. John Leman, of 

Bredfield. William Lord IFilloiighby , Robert his 
Son, and Sir Robert JVilloughhy, had this Manor as well 
as Bavjdfey, It is now in the Family of Jenney, who 
have a pleafant Seat here. The Church of Bredfeld 
was given to the Priory of Butley and Campefs, who pre- 
fented alternately to the Vicarage, and divided the Ln- 
propriation. . Ever fince the Diflblution the Crovi^n hath 
kept the Advcwfon of the Vicarage. 

' Bromes- 

112 U U N b R E D <?/ Wl L L i O R D, 

Bromeswell. This LordHiip belongs to U^tlUam 
Chapman^ Efq; as Part of the Eftate of the late Charles 
mod, £fqi 

Capel St. Andrew, was a diflindt Parifh while 
the Church was ftanding, as it was A.D. 1529; but is 
now accounted as a Hamlet of Bntly. The Church was 
given to Butly Priory by Ranulph dc GlanvUe, and after- 
wards impropriated thereto. 

Dalinghoo. Part of this Paiifh is in the Hundred of 
Loes. (See the Account there given.) 

The Widow of Edivard'^z.xX of C<?r«w<?/had the Ham- 
lets of Dalinghoo, Alderton, and Thomdoi in Suffolk, af- 
figned for her Dower. John de Eltham Earl of Cornwal, 
had a Grant of thefe three Hamlets 4 Edward III. And 
we take that Part of the Parifh which is in this Hundred 
to be the Hamlet here mentioned* 

Debach. SeeBouLGE. 

HoLLESLY. This Manor and Advowfon belonged to 
the Earis and Dukes of Norfolk, till Queen Elizabetl/s 
Time. Roger Bigod died poflefled 25 Edward I. Thonias 
Mowbray died feifed I Henry IV. and Elizabeth his Wife 
had it for her Dower. In A. D. 1452, feveral Legacies 
were given towards building the Steeple, and buying 
Bells ; and about 15 11 two Legacies were given towards 
Leading the Church. The Manor and Advowfon did 
lately belong to Charles Wood, now to IVilUam Chapman^ 

Lo u D H A M , or Lu D H A M , is a Hamlet of Pettijlree, and 
was anciently the Seat of a Family who took their Name 
from it. From the Ludhams it defcended to the B/enher- 
hayfetis, who had their Seat here j and from them it came 


Hundred ^WiLLFORD* ii^ 

to Sir Henry Wood^ Knt. Charles Wood^ Efq; rebuilt 
the Hall in a beautiful Manner; from him it came with 
the reft of the Wood's Eftate to Robert Onehy^ Efq; and 
from him to TViUiam Chapman^ Efq; 

Melton. The Manor and Advowfon belongs to the 
Dean and Chapter of Ely. The Quarter-Seflions for the 
Liberty of St. Etheldred^ were formerly kept in this Parifti ; 
but were removed to IVoodhr'idge^ in the Beginning of 
Queen Elizabeth's Reign. In the Will of Richard Cooky 
of Alt'lion, dated the I2 July 1539, is a Legacy of 20/. 
towTirds repainx^g of Willford- Bridge, to be paid by his 
Executors when the County would go about it ; and there 
were about the fame time, two other Legacies towards it. 
So that perhaps the prefent Bridge might be built foon 
after. That Richard Cook alfo gave his Tenement and 
Lands in Melton and Bredfeld^ called Edgores, to the Ufe 
of the Parilhioners. 

Pettistree. This Church was impropriated to the 
^\xns of Campefs, A.D. 1413. The Family of Wyard 
long refided here, but is now extinct. 

Ramshqlt. The Ruins of a large old Building, 
called Peyton-Hall, ftill remain here, fuppofed to have 
been the Seat of the U fords. Earls of Suffolk, which now 
belongs to Lord St. John. Reginald de Peytona, (Sewer 
to Hugh Bigod, Earl of Norfolk,) was Lord of Peyton- 
Hall Manors m B oxford and Ramjholt, in Suffolk, A.D. 
1135 ; /, e. in the '['ime of King Stephen, or Henry L 
In 53 HefiryUl. Robert de Ufford (a younger Son of John 
de Peyton, of Peyton-Hall in Suffolk,) afluming his Name 
from the Lordfhip of Ufford where he had then his Refi- 
dence, was made Juftice of Ireland. This was the firft 
of that Family, 

I Shot- 

114 Hundred of Willford. 

Shottisham. The GlmvUes formerly were Patrons' 
of this Church ; and the IVingfieldi were fo for a hundred 
Years from J. D. 1480. 

S.UTTOK. The Lords of the Manor of this Parifii are, 
Nicholas Bacon, Efq; and IP^i/licm Chapman, Efq. The 
Manor of Fenbal in Suitcfiy v,^s lately Mr. Burtuell's, and 
had been his Anceftor's from the Time of Queen Eliza- 
beth. The Church was given by Roger Wolferjion and 
'John Stanton to the Nuns of Briifyard^ who got it im- 
propriated to them about the Year 1390. The Impro- 
priation and Advowfon of the Vicarage were granted 
30 Henry VIII. to Nicholas Hare. 

Ufford, is no way remarkable at prefent, but was 
formerly, for giving Name to the noble and wealthy Fa- 
mily of the Vffords^ originally defcended from the Peytons 
of Peyton-Hall, in Boxford. [See alfo RamJholt.'\ They 
were a Family of vafl: Poflefiions, and were at one time 
Proprietors of the Caftlcs of Orfcrd, Eye, Framlinghatn, 
Bungay, Mettinghajn, and Haughly. 7"heir Seat in this 
Parifh flood about two Furlongs North of the Church, 
where a Farm-Houfe now ftands, appropriated to cha- 
rkable Ufes in Framlinghain. 

There is in this Parifli the Ruins of a Chapel called 
Scgenhoe Chapel, and the Rector of Ufford pays Twenty 
Shillings yearly to the Ciown, for the Ground on which 
it ftood. This Chapel was inftituted into from 1310 to 
1527, upon the Picfentation of the Uffords and IVillough- 
hys ; and there is a I\'Ianor of Sogenhoe always mentioned 
with the Manors of Baivdfcy, Bredjield, &c. among the 
Pofleflions of the Uffords ai;d JVilloughhys. The Manor of 
JVindcrvil is lilcewifc frequently mentioned among the Pof- 
ieffions of this Family, im.mediately after Sogenhoe ; but 
we know not where it lieth. On the Weft of the Site 
of Sogenhoe Chapel is a Piece of Land in the Form of a 


Hundred c/ Will ford. ii^ 

teilangular Parallelogram, containing about one Acre and 
half: Tiiere ftill appears a Ditch or Moat furroundinp- 
it ; on which Piece of Land, it is faid, there flood a 
Caftle ; but we do not hear of any Ruins being dug up 
there j fo this may be only Conjedure. 

In this Church are good Monuments for fome of the 
Woods of Loudham, IFeaver faith, the Church is a very 
beautiful little Church. The Top of the Font has been 
very beautiful, as well as the Church ; but they were 
both much defaced in the grand Rebellion. In the Jour*- 
iial of the Parochial Vifitors, [mentioned p. 39. j they 
fay in 27 Jan.. 1648, " We broke thirty Pi6tures, and 
*' gave Directions to take down thirty-feven more and forty 
*' Cherubims to be taken down of Wood, and the Chancel 
*' to be levelled j and we took up fix Infcriptions in 
*' Brafs." It appears, that in May following they fent a 
Perfon to fee, whether what they had ordered were e;fe- 
cuted, but the Churchwardens would not let him in. So, in 
the Month oi Jugujl after that, they returned themfelves, 
when they compleated v/hat had been begun in the ^xQ' 
Ceding ymiuary. The Journal faith, *' We broke twelve 
" Cherubims on the Roof of the Chancel, and nigh an 
** hundred Jcfus's and Maria's in Capital Letters, and 
" the Steps we levelled. And v/e broke down the Or- 
** gan-cafes, and gave them to the Poor. In the Church 
*' there was on the Roof above an hundred Jefus's and 
*' Maria's in great Capital Letters, and a Crofier-StaiF 
*' to break dov/n in Glafs ; and above twenty Stars on 
" the Roof. There is a glorious Cover over the Pont, 
*' like a Pope's triple Crown, with a Pelican on the Top 
" picking its Breaft, all gilt over with Gold." Then 
they complain of Broivn and Small^ the old Church- 
wardens, for not obeying their Orders ; and of Suntiard 
and Slrowd^ the new Churchwardens, for making them 
wait two Hoiirs before they would let them have the 
Key of the Church ; and then for abufmg them, and 
charging them with rifling and pulling down the Church. 
1 2 This 

ii6 Hundred ^/Willford. 

This Cover to the Font is ftill in being, tho' much 
impaired by Length of Time. Had the Pelican on the 
Top been a Dove, doubtlcfs it would have {hared a 
harder Fate : But as thofe Men, when armed with the 
Power of that Enthufiafm which raged in 1648, tho' they 
were provoked and put out of Temper by the Church- 
wardens, could not perfuade themfelves to deftroy fo 
pretty a Thing, even notwithftanding its Refcmblance of 
the Pope's Crown ; it is pity the Parifliioners do not think 
it worth while to repair it ; for tho' it be but a Toy in 
itfelf, it is now become venerable by its Antiquity ; and 
is, perhaps, the only Thing left that gives any Notion of 
the Vfford'i Magnificence. 

Old Wills mention a Chauntry in the Manor of Ott- 
leys^ in this Parifti. 

The Reverend Richard Lovck'tn was Re£lor of this 
Parifli Fifty-fevcn Years ; for the Mandate of his Induc- 
tion bears Date 2 Jum^ 1621 } and he was buried 23 Sept. 
1678, in the One Hundred and Eleventh Year of his Age. 
It is faid he performed all the Offices of his Fundlion to 
the lafl, and preached the Sunday before his Death. This 
Gentleman was plundered in the grand Rebellion, and 
loft all his Goods except one Silver Spoon, which he hid 
in his Sleeve. 

This Parifti furnifhed London with a Lord-Mayor as 
early as the Year 1434, who was JVilliam Ottlcy, Son of 
Roger Ottley ; from whom, we fuppofe the Manor above- 
mentioned might take its Name. 

The Family of Hajnmond had their Seat here, which is 
now vefted in Francis Brook, Efq; 

Wic^HhU- Market y feems now to be only called (o 
todiftinguifh it from IVickhatn- Brook and IVlckhanirSkeithy 
but it had a Market formerly, tho' it has been long dif- 
ufed. The Quarter- Seflions were formerly held here, 
-where there was a Shirc-Hall for that Purpofc j but it 
. - was 


tvas removed by Order of the Lord of the Manor, and a 
Farni-houfe therewith built at Letheringhayn^ called the 
Old Hall. The Church and Spire-fleeple are fituated 
upon a Hill45 and tho' the Steeple be not above Tv;^enty- 
three Yar(k high : It affords the beft Profpeft of any in 
the County ; and in a clear Day you may eafily view from 
thence .^"ery near, if not altogether. Fifty Churches. 

The Family of Uff'ord had this Manor till it was given 
with the Church to the Nuns at Cconpefs. The Manors 
of JVickhajn^ Gelham^ Harpole, and Bing^ late belonging 
to the Nunnery oiCampefs^ were granted 30 Henry VIII. 
to Anthony Wingjield , they belong now to the Earl of 
Rochford\ but the Advowfon of the Vicarage is ftill in 
the Crown, As to the Retflories of V/kkhmn^ Pettijlree^ 
and 5/«^, they are vefted in the Truftees of Mr. 'John 
Pcmherton, formerly of Ipfvulch^ who bequeathed them to 
charitable Ufes in the Year 1718, -viz. He direded that 
out of the Profits 25 /. per Ann. Ihould be given to poor 
Widows and Orphans of deceafed Clergymen, within 
fifteen Miles of Ipfwich ; and the Refidue thereof, after 
Taxes, Repairs, and all other Out-goings are difcharged, 
he gave to the Charity-Schools of Grey-Coat Boys and 
Blue-Coat Girls in Ipfwich. 

The Ifle or Chapel on the South -fide of the Church 
was built by TFalier Fulburn, of IVickhanij who was there- 
in buried A. D. 1489. 




THE Hundred of Plcmcfgnte contains Twenty- 
four Parifhcs and Hamlets , is bounded on the 
Eaf^ by the Ocean ; on the Wejl^ by the Hun- 
dred of Loes; on the North, by the Hundred of Blything 
and Ho:<Ke \ and on the Souths by IViUford. 

Aldborough, has its Name from the River y^/,r/, 
which runs near the South End of it, affording a good 
Qiiay at Slaughdcn ; the Sea waftics the Eaft-fide of it, 
and hath in this Age fvvallovved up one whole Street. 
The prefent Town confitts of two Streets only, which 
are near a Mile in Length ; it Hands pleafantly, and is 
well fituated for Strength, having feveral Pieces of Can- 
Don for its Defence. The Church Hands on a Hill to 
the Weft of the Town, and is a good Struflure. 

WiUiam Alartcl gave the Manor of Aldebure to the Ab- 
bot and Convent of St. "Johns in Colchejler, A.D. 1 155. 
The Manor of Aldchurgh, with the Tvlanors of Scoto and 
Tajlardi in this Neighbourhood, were granted to Cardinal 
V/olfey^ as Parcel of the Polleffions of the Priory of Stiape^ 
which was a Cell to the Abbey of Cokhcjicr, and they 
xvere granted to Thcwas Duke of Norfolk 24 Hniry VIII. 
The Re(Story and Advowfon of the Vicarage, which be- 
longed to the faid Abbey, were granted to Edward Down- 
ing and Peter Ajhton in Exchange, in 23 Elizabeth. They 
arc now vefted in the Right Hon. the Earl oi Strajford. 

Aldborough is a Town Corporate, governed by tv.-Q 
Baili.Ts, twelve capital Burged'cs, and twenty-four infe- 
rior Officers ; but it did not fend Members to Parliament 
before 1 2 Elizabeth. Mr. [a)JrilHs fuppofes it was made 

{a) Sec Ti'il'is's Not. Par], 

Hundred <7/Plomesgate. 119 

a Borough in 10 EHzahcth ; when fhe granted the Duke 
of Norfolk a Saturday Market at this his Manor. 

Benhall. King Henry II. gave the Manor to Ra)7it!f 
Glanvile, who gave it to his Daughter A/fl«^; and her 
Grandfon fold it to Guido Kerr, who obtained in 20 Ed. I. 
a Grant of a Fair zt Benhall, and a Market and Fair at 
Kelton, within his faid Manor. Guido dying without 
Heirs, it efcheated ; and Robert de Ufford had a Grant of 
this Manor 2 Edward III. In 13 Richard II. John de 
Holand Earl of Huntingdon, is faid to have obtained a 
Grant of the Manors of Benhall and Stratford, which 
came to the Crov.-n by the Attaind-er of Michael de la 
Pole. But Michael de la Pole, his Son, died feifed of both 
thefe Manors 3 Henry V. and William de la Pole died 
feifed of them 28 Henry VI. The Redtory and Advovv- 
fon of the Vicarage belonged to the Priory of Butley, and 
were granted 37 HenryVWl. to Thomas Duke oi Norfolk. 

The Hall and chief Eftate here is faid to have belong- 
ed to the Glcmhams, in Queen Elizabetl/s Time, who fold 
it to the Dz/^YJ. Sir Edivard Duke built Benhall Lodge, 
in 1638; in 166 1 Sir Edward was created a Baronet, 
and his Grandfon dying v/ithout liTue, the Eftate went to 
his Sifter's Son Edmund Tyrrel, Efq; of Gipping, who fold 
it to John R.2i/h, Efq; who now enjoys it. 

Blaxhall. Bartholoniew Burgherjh died feifed of this 
Manor, in Right of his vVife, 43 Edward III. Edtuard 
le Dejpenfer died feifed j\.() EdivardiW. In thefe latter 

Times it belonged to Warryn, Efq; who fold it 

to Mr. fohn Bence ; and he again to Dudley North, of 
Glcmha7n, Efqj in whofe Son it is now vefted. The Ad- 
vowfon of the Rc6lory is in the Fleirs of the Reverend 
Mr- Jackfouy the late Incumbent. 

I 4 Bruis- 

I20 Hundred o/Plomesgate* 

Bruisyard, is chiefly memorable for the Collegiate 
Chantry of a Warden and four Secular Priefts, tranflatcd 
hither from Campfey^AJh^ A.D. 1354. About eleven 
Years after that, it was changed into a Nunnery, of the 
Order of St. Clares and was of the yearly Value of 
56 Lis. 1 d. It was granted to Nicholas Hcnc^ 30 
Henry Vlll. and hath been for fome 1 ime in Sir ^c/Ow 
JHous's Family, who now poffeflcs it. 

BuTLEY, was noted for a Priory of Black Canons of 
St. AujUn^ founded by the famous Ramdf Glanvile^ Chief 
Juftice of England about the Year 1171. The Revenues 
of this Priory became very large, for they were at the 
Diifolution found to be of the yearly Value of 318/. 
1 7 J. id. The Priory was granted to JViliuan Forihe^ 
in whofe Family it long continued : It was Mr. Clyat% 
afterwards ; and is now the Eftate of Mrs. JVright, In 
the Church of this Priory Michael de la Pole, the third 
Lord JVingfield and Earl of Sujfcl^, was interred ; he was 
llain at the Battle of Jglnccurty with Edward Plantagenet 
Duke of York. The Ruins of the Priory, which are ftill 
to be feen, (hew it to have been very large; and the 
Gate-houfe, which is ftill entire and embcllifhed in the 
Front with many Coats of Arms finely cut in Stone, 
fhews it to have been a very magnificent Building. This 
was repaired and beautified in an elegant manner by the 
^^.tt George Wright^ Efq; and is now become a very hand- 
fome Seat. But the Advowfon of the Church is in the 
Rev. Eden Howard, the prefent Incumbent. 

Chillesford. Robert de Vfford died feifed of this 
Manor 5 Richard II. but, before the DilToIution of Reli- 
gious Houfes, it belonged to the Priory and Convent of 
Butley, given by John Staverton ; and was granted as Par- 
cel of their Pofleliions to John Earl of Traricick, i Ed- 

uwdVl, it is now veftcd in 


Hundred o/Plomesgate. 121 

The Advowfon of the Church belonged to the JFey^ 
landsy about the Year 1 3CO ; and afterwards to the Beau^ 
champs Earls of IFarwick^ and i\itNevUs ljO:dsBergavennys, 

Cransford. This Church was appropriated to Sib- 
ion Abbey, and the Impropriation and Advowfon of the 
Vicarage granted to the Duke of Norfolk. The Manor 
now belongs to Mr. Moore. 

DuNNiNGWORTH. The Manor and Advowfon of 
the Redlory belonged to the Earls and Dukes of Norfolk 
from J.D. 1300, to the Reign of Henry Ylll. or after. 
The Church was {landing and in Ufe in the Year 1561 ; 
but feems to have fallen into Decay foon after ; and hath 
been fo long down, that there are fcarce any Ruins of it 
left ; fo that this Place is now confidered as a Hamlet 
of Tuvflall. The Manor belonged to Charles JVood^ Efq; 
it is now vefted in William Chapman^ Efq. Here is a 
conllderable Fair for Horfes, -which begins annually oa 
Aug. 1 1 . and holds two Days. 

Farnhap,!. Ramdf Glanvile gave this Church to his 
Priory of Butley ; the Impropriation was granted 19 Eliz. 
to Edward Grimfion. Robert de Sackville is faid to have 
had this Manor in the Time of Hcn7-y I. It now belongs 
to Dudley Norths Efq; whofe Father bought it as Part of 
the GIcmha?ns Eftate. 

Friston, belonged to Snape Priory. Sir Hen?y 
fohnfon having purchafed the fiiid Priory and its Appea- 
dances, built Frijlon Hall, and made it his Seat, His 
Daughter and Heirefs marrying the Right Hon. Tho'mas 
the late Earl of Strafford^ carried this delightful Seat an4 
a plentiful Eftate into that noble Family. It is novir 
vefted in the Earl of Strafford. 


122 Hundred of Plomesgate. 

GcDGRAVE , was lately the Lordfliip of George Wright, 
Efq; ill Right of his Wife, who was only Daughter and 
Heirefs of Mr. Cbjatt^ at Butlcy ; then of the Lord Vif- 
count Hereford \ and now, by Purchafe, belongs to the 
Earl of Hertford. 

Glemham Magna, or North Glemham, is of Note 
for the f'amily of Edgar ; who, for many Generations, 
have had their Seat here. The Manor and great Tythes 
did belong to Butley Priory, but were granted to William 
Edgar 37 Henry VIII or A. D. 1545. This Family was 
extended into three Branches : i. This at Glefnhamy of 
which is Wi/Iiam Edgar, now living at Suitcn. 2. That 
at fpfiuich, of which are Robert Edgar, Efq; and Millefon 
Edgar, Efq. And, 3. Another at Cranby HaW, in Eye, 
The Heirefs of which lafl Family married Arthur Jcnmy, 
o^ Bredfield, Efq. The Eftates lately belonging to Air. 
Edgar in this Parifh, are now veiled in the Hon, Mr. 
Nicholas Herbert^ Uncle to the prefent Earl of Pembroke, 
But the great Tithes vverq fold to Mr. Jllamiing, of 

Glemham Parva, was famous for a Family who 
took their Names from the Town, and continued here 
till the Middle of the laft Century. This Family ended 
with two Perfons of great Eminence in their feveral Pro- 
feflions J they both were great Sufferers in thofe ui'.happy 
Times of Diforder,.and both were buried in the Family 
Vault in this Church. Sir Thomas Glcmhatn, with his 
two gallant Countrymen Colonel Gofmld of Ottlcy^ and 
Major Av?««/5« o^ Letheringham, defended Carliflc for the 
King, with remarkable Circumftanccs of Refolution and 
Patience. He died in Holland in the Year 1649, and his 
Body was brought over hither. His Brother Henry Glem- 
ham, D. D. furvived the Reftoration, and by K. Char. II. 
yia& promoted to the Bifiioprick of St. Jja^^h, A.D. 1667. 


Hundred 0/ P l o m e s g a t e . 123 

but he died two Years afterwards, and was buried here in 
1669. S'lv Thofms Glemhcimy Knt. left a Son, who died 
feifed of this Ertate, who lilcewife left it to his Son ; which 
Jaft Perfon was an Officer in Queen y/«/2(?'s Vv^nr, and 
died of a Calenture, in Spain. In him the Family failed 
of Male lilue, and the Eftate was purchafcd by Dudley 
North, Efq; who added greatly to the Beauty of the Mali, 
where his Son doth now refide. 

H A s L E w o o D , is a Ham let of Jldborough ; the Ch u rch 
is in Ruins j how long it has been fb, we knov/ not ; 
but within forty Years they buried their Dead there, 

Ik. EN, formerly the Lordfhip and Demefne of the 
Wingjieldi. It is now vefted in the Earl of Hertford. 

Orford, is fituated on the North-weft Side of the 
River Ore, and probably took its Name from it. Ac- 
cording to Leland's Rule, it fhould be no ancient Town ; 
becaufe it is properly a Hamlet only, and a Chapel of 
Eafe to Sudborn, as Harwich is a Hamlet to Dovercourt ; 
yet it had a Market in King Stephen s Reign, when the 
Toll of it v/as given to the Priory of Eye. 

The Caftle muft have been as old as King Henry I. 
if the Fifhermen caught the wild Man in their Nets in 
that King's Reign, as Combden relates from B^alph Coggcf- 
hail i but other Writers place that Story almoft a hun- 
dred Years later, -viz. in the fixth Year of King John, or 
J.D. 1204. Hugh Bigod and John Fitz- Robert were 
made Governors of Norwich and Orford Caftles, J. D, 
1215; and upon their Removal Hubert de Burgh was 
made Governor of both thofe Caftles, that fame Year. 
Philip Marmion was made Governor of this Caftle 45 
Henry III. And three Years afterwards when the 
Barons took the King Prifoner at the Battle of Lewes, 
they made Hugh le D.efpctfer Governor of it. Sir IVilUain 


124 Hundred of Plomesgate. 

Dugdak faith, that the Dcfcendants of Peter de la Valo'ines^ 
who came in with the Conqueror, made the Caflle of 
Orford the capital Seat of their Barony ; which probably 
muft have been in the Time of Edward I. or Edward IL 
For in 4 Edward III. Robert de Ufford, who married Ce- 
cilia Daughter and Coheir of Robert de ValoineSy had a 
Grant for Life of this Town and Caftlc. JVilliam de 
Uford died feifed of it 5 Richard II. and Ifabel his Wife 
had it affigned, among other Things, for her Dowry. 
Upon her Death Robert Lord l^llougby of Erejby^ whofe 
Anceftor married Cecilia Daughter of Robert de Ufford 
before-mentioned, had Livery of this Town and Caflle 
/^ Henry Y. IFilliam Lord IFilloughby died feifed of the 
X-rOrdfhip o( Orfordy 18 Henry VIU. and affigned it to his 
Wife for Life. It probably came afterwards with the 
Eflate at Sudbom to Sir Michael Stanhope^ and defcended 
as that did to the Right Hon. Pryce Devereux Lord Vif- 
count Hereford i and was lately fold by his Executors to 
the Right Hon. the Earl of Hertford, who now pofTefies 

This Place is a Town Corporate, governed by a Mayor, 
eight Portmcn, and twelve chief Burgefles ; and fends 
two Members to Parliament. Monday is the Market- 
Day ; and there are two yearly Fairs, one on Midfmnmer^ 
Day, and the other on Shrove- Monday, 

Orford fent Members to Parliament in Edward the 
Firft's Time. But we have no Account of any others 
fent from hence till 3 Henry VI. After this Difufe, the 
Privilege was probably reftored (as Mr. /F/7//i thinks) by 
King Richard ill. who in his firft'Year granted a Char- 
ter here, with great Privileges. 

It was certainly a much larger Place formerly, than it 
is at prefent; for, befides the Church, or rather the Pa- 
rochial Chapel, here was one Chapel dedicated to St. 
John Baptiji, and another to St. Leonard i thefe were 
itanding fince the Year 15003 and th«re is a Piece of 


Hundred <?/Plomesgate. 125 

Land on the North-fide of the Town, now called St. 
Jo}?n''s Chapel Field. J. D. 1 359, Orford fent three Ships 
and Sixty-two Men to the Siege of Calais. There arc 
feveral Lanes which retain the Names of Bridge-Jireet, 
Church-JIreet, Broad-Jlreet^ and the like, tho' there are 
now fcarce any Houfes in them. Here was a Houfe of 
Aujlin Friers, an Hofpital of St. Leonardy and a Chauntry 
of the yearly Value of 6 /. 135. ii\d. 

Parham, was the Lprdfhip of Robert de Vfford Earl 
of Suffolk, 9 EdwardW. He died feifed of it \iEdw. IIL 
and left it to his Son William, v^ho built the Church ; 
but, dying fuddenly in the Parliament -Houfe, it went to 
his Sifter Cicely, who married Sir Robert JVilloughhy, and 
carried it into that Family. Their Defcendants became 
afterwards Lord JVilloughbys of Ercjhy, and for fome Time 
were in Pofleflion of this Manor ; till Chrijlopher Lord 
Willoughby of Erejby, gave it to his youngeft Son Chrijlo- 
pher, who took up his Refidence here. This Chrijlopher^ 
in his Lift Will dated 8 May, iS Hemy VIIL gave Four 
Pounds per Jnnum to the Church of Parham, in fatisfac- 
tion of all Tithes and Offerings by him negligently for- 
gotten. Sir William IVilloughby his Son, was 20 Feb. m 
I EdwardW \. ex eziQdi Lord Jfllloughby of Parham; whofe 
Succeffors now enjoy that Honour. The Hall and Ma- 
nor of Parham have been in feveral Families fince the 
IVilloughby s ; the Eftate is now in Mrs. Z,(7?7g-^ the only 
furviving Daughter of Cora?ice, Efq; 

In 1734, the Bones of a Man, an Urn, and the Head 
of a Spear, were taken out of a Gravel-pit in a Field 
called Fryers Clofe, in this Parifti ; which were fuppofed 
to have belonged to fome Dar.ijl) Commander. 

Rendham. The Manor of Barnles in this Parifh, 
belonged formerly to Sibton Abbey, and v/as granted 
J Edward VL to Antlwiy Denney. It is now Mr. Powers. 


tlG Hundred ^/ Plom e sg ate. 

Saxt.iundham. Here isafmall INTarket on Thurfdayii 
and a Fair on Jfccnfion-T):i.y, granted 4 Edward II. or 
J. D. 1310, at the Rcqucft of Thomas de Verley. The 
Alanor of Hurts, to which the Advowfon is appendant, 
was formerly the Earl of Suffolk's ; then Sir Nicholas 
Hare's j then Mr. Cutler's, of the Chantry by Ipfivich j 
then Mr. Baffes, who built the Seat about the Year 
1650, v.-hich is now vcftcd in Charles Long, Efq; 

A Chantry was founded here by Robert Sivan, Lord of 
a Manor in this Town about the Year 1 308. The Ma- 
nor of Swans^ in Zaxmundhamy belongs to Dudley North, 

Snape, was formerly noted for a Monaftcry of Black 
Monks, founded A.D. 1155, by JFUliajn Martel and 
Alfred his Wife, and J>ff>'ry Martel their Son. Jt was at 
firft made a Cell to the Abbey of St. yolm, in Colchejler ; 
but afterwards became almoft independent of it ; being, 
as it is fald, in no more Subjedtion than that of paying 
half a Marc as an Acknowledgment, and that the Ab- 
bot of Colchejler might vifit them twice a Year, and abide 
there four Days with twelve Horfes. King Henry VII. 
gave the Priory of Snape to the Canons of Butley ; but it 
was dillolved in 1534, by the Bull of Pope Clement Vll. 
and given by King Henry YUl. to Cardinal JVoIfey : 
After the Cardinal's Fall it was granted to Tlmnas Duke 
of Norfolk : At the DifTolution it was of the yearly Value 
of 99 /. is. Ill d. It was huely the Eftate of Sir Henry 
fohnfon, and came with the reft of that to the Earl of 
Strafford. See Fr'ifrm. 

The Manor of Snape belonged to the Priory, was 
granted with that to the Duke oi Norflk, and came with 
the reft to Lord Strafford. 

Sternfield. The Manor of Adaunde Villes in this 
Parifh, with the Advowfon of the Rectory, belong ro 


Hundred of Plomesgate. 127 

Dudley North, Efq. They were formerly the Eftate of 
Verlies, who probably built the Church ; from them the 
Eftate came to the Framlinghams ; and, by Marriage, fromE 
them to the Gaudys^ of whom Mr. North purchafed it. 

Stratfori> St. Andrew. The Manors of Grljlon 
and Stratford in this Parilli, arc vcfted alio in Dudley 
North, Efq;. 

SuDEORN. The Manor and Advowfon belonged for- 
merly to the Prior and Convent of Ely. The Advowfon 
is now in the Crown. The Manor was granted to the 
Wxiho^ oi Noriuich \ EdwardVl. but refumed and pro- 
bably granted to Sir Michael Stanhope, who built the Hall. 
Sir Edmund JVithipole married Sir Michael Stanhope's. 
Daughter, who had Iflue only one Daughter, married to 
Leicejlcr Devereux Lord Vifcount Hereford -, from whom 
it came to Pryce Devereux Lord Vifcount Hereford hfs 
Son ; and his Executors fold it to the Right Hon. the 
Earl of Hertford. 

SwEFFLiNG. The Manor oi Dernford,:i\iisDcrncford 
Hall, in Sivejfli7ig^ belonged to the Priory of Leighs in 
Effex'y and was granted to R. Cavsndijh, Efq; 1% HnN iW, 
It is now in William Flumer, Elq. 

Tuns TALL. The Manor o^ Banyard in this Parifli is 
now vefted in Dudley North, Efq. 

Wantisden. The Manor and Re£tory belonged ta 
Butley Abbey, and were granted to Lionel Talmach 36 
Hcjiry VIIL They are now vefted in WilUam Chapman^ 
Efq; as Part of Mr. Wood\ Eftate. 


[ lis ] 


THE Hundred of BUthing is bounded on the Eaft 
by the Ocean, on the Weft and South by the 
Hundreds of Hoxne and Ploinefgate^ and on the 
North by IVangford and Mutford. In this are contained 
forty-eight Parifhes, and fix Hamlets, t;/z. 

Aldringham, at prefent a mean Village, of which 
Hamo de Mafey feems to have been Lord in the Reign of 
YJ\t\g EdwardW. for in the twelfth Year of that King 
he obtained a Grant for a Market and Fair to be held 
here ; and there is ftiil a little Fair on a Green within 
this Parifh on St. Andreid's Day. The Church was given 
to the Abbey of Leijion by RanulfGlanvile, the Founder ; 
and the Impropriation, which was granted 28 He)i. VIII. 
to Charles Duke of Suffolk^ belongs now to the Heirs of 
the late Daniel Hervcy^ Efq; 

Be NACRE, anciently the Lordfliip and Demefne of 
Simon de Pierpoint. About the Year 14CO it came to Sir 
William Bowet, and foon after to Fines Lord Dacres^ m 
which Family it continued till about the Middle of Queen 
Elizabeth'' s Reign, when JVilliam Playters and Henry Yar^ 
mouth had it. Henry North of Laxjieldy purchafed it in 
King Charles the Firft's Time ; and it now belongs to 

Sir Thomas Gooch, Bart, who purchafed it of Car- 

ihezu, Efq. 

Blieurgh, tho' now a mean Village, feems to have 
been of great Antiquity and Note j for fcveral Roman 


Hundred cf Blitzing. ii.^ 

Urns were here dug up about the Year 1678. AnnA 
King of the Eajl- Angles and Flrmhmi his Son, v/ho were 
/lain in fighting againfl: Penda King of the Merciam^ 
A. D. 654, or 655, were here buried : So faith Cambderii 
and almoft all our Hift&rianS; tut it may be doubted, 
whether the Tomb now fhewn at BUthbtirgh for King 
Anna's, be really his j for the prefent Church is certainly 
a modern Building. There are feveral Legacies in Wills 
between the Years 1450 and 1480, towards building the 
Chancel at Blithhurgb ; and yet it feems to be exactly the 
fame kind of Building with the ChUrch, fo that probably 
it is little more than Three Hundred Years old. The 
Body of Flrmlmis was afterwards tranllated to Bury» 
The Seffions for the Divifion of BeccleSy were certainly 
held here formerly ; and yohn de Claverlng (fo called 
from his Manor in EJpx of that Name,) who was Lord of 
this Manor 17 Edward IL obtained a Grant for a Week- 
ly Market on Mondays, and two Yearly Fairs ; one, on 
the Eve and Feaft-day oHht Amninciaiion, Feb. 2. the othet 
on the Eve and Day of the Nativity of the Virgin Maryi 
Sept, 8. The Name of the Town by its Terminatiort 
Burgh, which fignifies a Town or Caftle, and the Stateli- 
nefs of its Church, argue its former Greatnefs 3 and as 
late as the Year 1677, there was a CoUedicn made fof 
a Lofs by Fire, to the Amount of 1803/. Here was 2 
Priory of Black Canons, a Cell to the Abbey of St. Oftth 
in EJfex, founded in the Time of King He7iry \. Jind va- 
lued at the Diffolution at 48/. 8^. iod. per Annum, 
This was granted 30 iffwry VIH. to ^u Arthur Hcptony 
Kut. then Lord of the Manor ; confidcrabte Rertiains 
of which are Handing near the Church. Sir John Bloiiy 
Bart, is the prefent Lord. In Stoiu*s Annals is an Ac- 
Count of a terrible Thunder-Storm, which happened here 
on Sunday 4 AuguJI i^jj, in the Time of Divine Service, 
when the Lightning damaged the Church, ftruck down 
and fcorched feveral Perfons, and killed one Man and a Boy.- 
K Brampton, 

130 Hundred of B l i t h i n g» 

Brampton. The chief Manor and Advowfon of the 
Church have belonged to the Family oiLeman^ ever fince 
the Year 1600. Robert Leman^ Efq; is the prefent Lord 
and Patron, who having his Hall or Manor- houfe here 
burnt down in 1733, refidcs now at JFukham- Market, 
in Suffolk. The Manor of Hales Hall in this Parifli, 
was lately verted in Sir Edward Duke, Bart, and now be- 
longs to lViUia?n Chapman j £fqj of Loitdham. 

Blythford. Ralph de Criketof gave this Church to 
Blithhur^h Priory before the Year 1200, and the Impro- 
priation was granted ^o Henry VIII. to Sir Arthur Hop" 
ton; and belongeth now, as the Manor alfo doth, to 
William Chapmany Efq. 

Bramfield-, was the Manor of Nicholas de Scagrave^ 
9 Edward II. but foon after of Walter de Norwich. He 
dying 1 Edward ill. left it to Sir John de Norwich.^ whofe 
Executors made it Part of the Endowment of the Col- 
lege of Metiifigham^ built by hrs Order. At the Diflblu- 
tion of that College this Manor was granted to Thomas 
Dcmiey ; but came fhortly after to the Rous's, of Hen- 
ham ; and is now Vefted in Sir John Rous, Bart. Brock- 
hall belonged alfo to Alsttingham College ; and, in a Re- 
gifter belonging to the late Peter le Neve, Efq; there was 
an Extent of the Manors of Bro?nfield and Brook-hall^ 
made 1 8 Edward IV. The Stile of the Manor now is 
Bramfield eum Brook-hall. 

This Church was impropriated to Blithhurgh. In the 
Chancel of it there is a noble Monument ereiled to the 
Memory of Arthur Coke, third Son of Sir Ediuard Cokt 
and ■ ■ ■ his Wife, not unworthy even of Wejimitijler-^ 
Abbey ; and on the Pavement there arc feveral black 
Marble Stones, for the two ancient Families of this Pa- 
rifli, Rabbet and Nelfon. The Rabbet's Elhte is now 
veiled in Reginald Rabbety Efq; not long fincc High- 


Hundred ^/Blithing, 131 

SherlfF of this County, and hath a good old Seat near the 
Church. There was alfo another good old Seat in this 
Parifh, about a Mile from the Church, which formerly 
belonged to Tho?ms Neale, Efq; and now to Mr. Neale 
Wardy Attorney at Law in Bury ; but that hath lately 
been reduced to a Farm-houfe. The faid Thomas Neale 
left Orders at his Deceafe for ere6ling and endowing an 
Alms-houfe here, for four fingle Perfons, who have each 
of them a Room and about a Rood of Land, and one 
of them hath a Rent-charge of Three Pounds per Ann, 
more, for teaching fix poor Children to read the Bible. 
Mary^ the Relid of the faid Thomas Neale, and afterwards 
Wife of John Fowle, Efq; left an Eftate at Metjield, of 
about 10/. per Jnn. to keep the faid Alms-houfes in Re- 
pair ; and to teach fix other poor Children to read, ac- 
cording to the Will of Mrs. Elizabeth Archer^ Spinfter; 
The Impropriation was granted 30 Henry VlfL to Sir Ar^ 
thur Hoptoni and belongs now to WiUiam Plumer, Efq. 

BuLCHAMP, is a Hamlet of Biithhui'gh, and a Lord- 
fhip, which had for many Years the fame Lords witH 

BuxLO^^, was a Parifh by itfelf, wheri the Church 
was {landing j but, fince the Decay of that, it has been 
confolidated with Kfioddi/ball, viz. by Bijhop Green^ 22 
Feb. 1721. The Family of Jenney have been Patrons 
of the Church i and therefore, probably, Lords here, evet 
fince the Year 1435. 

Cheddisto>t. Robert Vaux or de Vallihus, who came 
over with the Conqueror, and founded a Religious Houfe 
at Pentery in Norfolk^ was probably Lord here, by his 
giving the Church to that Priory. At the Diffolution, 
the Redtory and Advowfbn of the Vicarage were granted 
tp Thomas Sidney and Nicholas Halefwelle. The Peiius's 
K 2 were 

1^2 Hundred oJ B l i t h i n o. 

were formerly Lords here ; afterwards the Fleetwcuds j 
then Walter Plumer^ Efq; who beautifully rebuilt the 
Hall i at his Death he gave it to his Brother Wiliiam. 

C00K.LEY. The fame Patrons prefented to this Church 
who prefented to Huniingfield. There are two Manors 
here : That of Cookley belongeth to Sir Jojhua Vantieck, 
Bart, and that of Cookley -Grange^ belonging to IViUiam 
Plumer^ Efq; which laft formerly belonged to Sibion Ab- 
bey, and was granted to Thomas Duke of Norfolk^ 28 
Henry VIII. 

CovEHiTHE. See Nsrihaks. 

Cratfield. Ralph Barnard he'd Cratfltld when 
Domefday-Book was made. It was afterwards feparated 
into three Parts. For j^.D. 114.0, Maud de St. Lizy 
Daughter of IFiUiajn St. Lit, Earl of Northampton^ and 
Wife of William Abenni, gave one third Part of her 
Manor of Cratlsfield in Suffolk to the Priory of St. Neots 
in Huntingdonjhire ; and JVilliam Abenn'i her Son, gave the 
Church of Cratjield to the Monks of St. Nects, who had 
the Profits of the Redory, and were Patrons of the Vi- 
carage till the DilTolution ; when the Redory and Ad- 
vowfon of the Vicarage were granted by K. Edward VI. 
to Thomas Sidney and Nicholas Haltjxvelle^ who fhortly after 
fold them to Mr. "John Lany j and being in the Hands of 
'John Lanyy Efq; of Ipfwichy in 1635 ; he pioufly and ge- 
neroufly conveyed the RecStory-Houfe, with two Acres 
of Glebe and ail the Tythes, except the Tithes of Corn, 
and twenty Marks per Ann. out of the Rectory, to the 
Vicar for the Time being for ever, 

2. Robert de Tatejlmll departing this Life 28 Edward I. 
his Reli(5t£'i'^ was endowed, amongft other Things^ with 
the Mziion o^ Cratefield, in Suffolk; and this we fuppofe 
fo have been the fecond Part of the IVlapor. Henry Pierey 
Earl of Ncrthumberlandy died fcifcd of a Manor in Crat- 


Hundred c/Blithing. 133 

field, 43 Edivard III. and out of jhis the Priory of Buc- 
kenham in Norfolk had a yearly Rent of 3/. i s. 7-^ d. which 
Rent of 3/. is. ']ld. ifTuing out of a Manor in Cj-at- 
field, was granted in 8 James I. to folm Eldrcd, Efq; and 
John Ferdsfi, Gent, as Pa;t of the Revenues of the Priory 
of Buckenhani, 

3. A third P^rt of this Manor feems to have been in 
Thomas de Brothcrton Earl of Norfolk, who died 1 2 Ed. III. 
and after his Wife's Deceafe 36 Ed. III. to have defcended 
to his Grand-daughter Joa?:, married to jyUUaTn de Ujford.. 
The Earl of Lcicejlcr lately fold all thefe Manors to Sir 
JoJJrua Vanneck. 

DarsHAM. WUUam the Son o{ Roger Bygoi , Founder 
of the Priory of Cluniac Monks at Thetford, gave thofe 
Monks about the Year mo, all the Land of Jfcel'me de 
Derfbam, with its Appurtenances, and the Church of the 
lame Village. And, upon the DilTolution of that Houfe, 
the ManCr, Re6lory and Advowfon of the Vicarage, were 
granted 32 Henry VIII. to Thomas Duke of Norfolk. An^- 
other Manor here was granted 28 Henry VIII. to Charles 
Duke of Suffolk ; and 36 //^'«r_)' VIII. to Thotnas Denton 
and Rkhard Nottingham, as Parcel of the Pofleflions of 
the Abbey of Leiflon, There are now four Manors here ; 
Darjljam cum Toxford, which is the firft before-mentioned. 
2. Abbots, which might probably be the fccond. 3. /lufthis. 
And, 4. Gerrards. AH which were lately the Eftate of 
the Beddingficlds, and now of Sir "John Rous, Bart. 

There feem fortricrly to have been fevcral Kamlcts in 
this Pariih ; for we have met with Cheyneys, in Darfhani ; 
Buckles, \x\ DarJJ^ani'f zi\^ Barflill, m Darjham. There 
were alfo feveral Legacies given in Wills, between the 
Year 1460 and 1505, towards building the Steeple, 

Dui^wiCH. Tho' the traditionary Accounts of thig 

J*lace are probably fabulous, it hath certainly been very 

K 3 ancient 

134- Hundred ^/Blithing.- 

ancient and confidcrabl^ ; fiom the finding Roman Coins 
here, it may reafonably be thought to have been a Rcrnan 
Station. Felix the Burgundian Bifhop, whom Sigebert 
King of the Ecji-Angki brought hither to reduce hisSub- 
jedls to Chrlftianlty, which they had almoft forfaken, 
:(ixed his Epifcopal See here, A. D. 636. After him fate 
three Bilhops here, who had Jurifdidion over the whole 
Kingdom of the Eaft- Angles ; but in the latter Part of 
his third Succeflbr's Time, and perhaps about fifty Years 
from the Ercdion of the See, it was divided ; and a Bi- 
fhop for the Norfolk Part of the Kingdom being placed 
at Elmham^ the Bifhop of Dunwich^ or (as it was then 
called) Domoc^ and DonmiiCj had the Suffolk Part only. 
After this Divifion of the See, there fate, as 'tis faid, 
eleven Bifhops at Dunwkhy 'till about the Year 820, or 
Ihortly after, when the troublefome Times put an end to 
this Bifhopric, before it had flood 200 Years. When 
Domefday Book was made, this Place was valued as 
yielding 50/. /)^r Year to the King, and 60,000 Her- 
rings. In King Stephais Time they feem to have had 
fome Toll paid them by Ships at Oreford^ which is men- 
tioned in his Grant to the Monks of Eye,, as valued at 
30 J. per Annum. In King Henry the Second's Time it 
was a famous City, well ftored with Riches of all Sorts. 
In the firfl Year of King fohn^ it had a Charter of Liber- 
ties, and a Grant of Wreck of the Sea. It is faid, that 
^hcre was fomctime a A4int here ; but I meet with no 
Money coined here, either in Thorcjhy^ Nicholfon^ or th^ 
Niamni Britan-Hijloria. h fendeth two Members to 
Parliament, and is governed by two Bailiffs, ^c. King 
Johny among other Things mentioned in his Charter, 
granted to the Burgejfes the Liberty of marrying their 
Sons and Daughters as they would ; and alfo the Liberty 
of giving, felling, or otherwife difpofing of their Lands 
and Houfes within their Town, at Pleafure. This Char- 
ter is dated at Gold Cliff, 29 Juncy i Johan. and it cofl 

Hundred of Blithing. 135 

them 300 Marks, befides ten Falcons and five Gir- 

Here were certainly fix, if not eight Parifh Churches, 
vi%. I. St. Jolm's, which was a Reilory, and feems to 
have been i'wallowed up by the Sea, about ^, D. 1540. 
In a Will dated 1499, and proved 1501, there is a Le- 
gacy of ten Marks for feme Ornaments in this Church, 
with this Claufe, *' If it fortune the Church to decay by 
" Adventure of the Sea, the ten Marks to be difpofed of 
** by my Attornies (i. c. Executors) where they think 
** beft." About 15 10 two Legacies are given towards 
building a Pier againft St. Johns Church : The laft ia- 
ftitution to it was in 1537, ^^^ ^^^ ^^•^ Time it is men- 
tioned is in 1538, when Margnret Haliday ordered her 
Body to be buried in the South Ifle of it. 

2. St. Martins, which was likewife a Redory ; but the 
laft Inftitution we can find to it was in J. D. 1335. 

3. St. Nicholas, a Redlory alfo j but no Inftitution to it 
occurs fince J. D. 1352. 

4. St. Leonards, impropriated, and probably early loft j 
for in a Will dated A.D. 1450, the Teftator devifeth 
his Houfe in the Parifli anciently called St. LeonarcVs. 

5. St. Peters^ a Redory, laft inftituted into, in J. D. 
J 609 ; but ftanding fince the Rcftoration. 

6. All Saints, impropriated ; the only Church now 
ilanding, and that in a mean Condition. 

Thefe and all other Churches here were given hyRohcrt 
Mallet to his Priory at Eye, in his Foundation or Endow- 
ment Charter. {Temp. JVill. Conq.) And the faid Prior 
and Convent prefented to all the inftituted Churches, and 
had Portions of Tithes out of moft of them; and all the 
Revenues of the impropriated ones, finding a fecular Prieft 
to ferve the Cures, 

The Regifter of Eye mentions alfo the Churches of 

St. Michael and St. Bartholomeiu in Dunivlch, which were 

fvy^llowed up by the Sea before J. D. 1331 i when the 

K 4 Prior 

1(2^ Hundred ^/Blithinc. 

Prior and Convent of Eye petitioned the Bifliop of Ncr- 
lulch to impropriate the Church of Laxjidd to them ; and» 
SLmongfl: ctljer Rcafons for it, alledged that they had bit 
a confiderable Part oi thqr llevcnucs at Dumvich by the 
breaking in of the Sea. flowever, in J.D. 1359, Du/i- 
fjuich fent to the Siege of Cala'n fix Ships and ic2 Ma- 
riners J when Ipfw'uh fent twelve Ships^ and 239 Men ; 
and 07-fcrd, three Ships and 62 Men. 

Jjcfides thefe Churches, TVeaver mentions three Cha- 
y:h licre dedicated to St. Anthony, St. Francis, and St. 
Catharine. 1 he l^ift is often mentioned in old Wills ; It 
yvas in St. Johns Parifh, and had a Guild of St. Catha- 
rines belonging to it ; and was {landing and in ufp in 
|Cing Henry Vlllth's Reign. But the other two we have 
yet met with nothing of. 

Here was alfo, lit, The Tetnple Church, dedicated to 
St. Mary and St. john Baptiji, which probably belonged 
firft to the Templars, and afterwards to the Hofpiialcrs, 
who had a good Eftate hereabouts ; and might, as other 
Lords often did, build a Church for the Ufc of their own 
Tenants ; For \ye don't find that they had ever any Pre- 
ceptpry, or Commandery here. The Temple Manpr of 
Jjands hereabouts being granted as Parcel of the Poflef- 

fions of the Preceptory at Batisford, to Tlwnas Jndrczcsy 

^th EUzd'dh. 

2dly. A noble ancient Church belonging to St. James's 

Hofpital ; the Ruins of which yet rcniain. 

3dly. Another Church dedicated to the Holy Trinity ^ 

for the Ufe of another Hofpital, called A^aifon Dieu, or 

God's Houfe. Some Part of the Revenues of thefe ancient 

Hofpitals, (which v/c can fay nothing of, but that the 

former feems to have been chjefiy for Men, and the letter 

wholly for Women, J are yet remaining. 

Here were alfq two Houfes of Friers ; one of Francijcan 

or Grey Friers, founded by Henry Fiiz-Jolm and Jiiw hi? 

"Wife, and enlarged by King Henry 111, and the other c\f 


Hundred of Blithing. 137 

Dominicans or 'Preaching Friers^ founded by Sir Rcgcr 
Holijhe, Knt. Both thefe Houfes had fair Churches be- 
longing to thenfi. 

But whatever the ancient State of this Place was, it 
is at prefent but a fmall Village, confifting of a few mean 
•Houfes : It hath a mean Market on Mondays^ and a Fair 
(which was probably granted to the Hpfpital) on St. 
Jatnes's Day, July 25 th. 

It feems to have been at its Height in King Henry the 
Third's Time, when it paid One Hundred Marks to the 
King's Tax j and to have declined alfo in that Reign, 
when the Sea made fo great a Breach here that the King 
wrote to the Barons of Suffolk^ to afiift the Inhabitants in 
{topping it. And Stow mentions an high Wind and 
great Tide on New-year's Day, 15 Edward I. or J. D. 
1287 i which did great Damage to the Churches here. 

Easton Bavent. The Lordfhip of Thotnas de Ba- 
z'enty 9 Edivardl. one of whofe Defcendants had a Grant 
4 Edward III. for a Weekly Market here on JVednefdaySy 
and a Yearly Fair on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of the 
Feaft of St. Nicholas. It came afterwards to the Argcn-: 
tineSi SchardelowcSy Hopions, Robards's, and Howlands, 
What remains of it is now veiled in Sir Thomas Gooch^ 
Bart, for the Sea hath waftied away almoft all the Parilh, 
leaving only two Houfes and fome Land. The Church 
was ftanding in 1638; and, befides the Parifh Church, 
there was formerly a Chapel of St. Margarefs. 

FoRDLEY. In the Time of King £^/zi/Wy/ II. this was 
the Lordfhip of Sir John de TFeyland, Knt. it afterwards 
came to Elizabeth Lady Defpenftr. In Queen Elizabeth's 
Time it belonged to Mr. Edward Hunnings ; and now 
to Mrs. Freak. The Church hatli long been in Ruins ; 
it flood in the fame Yard v.'ith AfiddUtcn Church, and 
fp near it, that Complaint was mr.de to the Bifhop of 



i^S Hundred ^/ B l i t h i n g. 

Ncnuich m Feb. i62C, that when Service did not begin 
and end at both Churches exactly at the fame Time, the 
Bells and People of the one Church difturbcd thofe of 
the other; and an Order was made thereupon, that the 
fame Miniiler fhould fcrve them both, and cfHciate in 
Fordiey Church one Week, and in MiddUtcn the other ; 
and this, perhaps, might occafion the letting down of 
Fordiey Church, which was but fmall. 

Frostenden, formerly the Lordftiip of Robert de 
Bijkele ; IVilliam dc la Pole died feifed of it 28 Hen. VI. 
and Edmund de la Pole being attainted of high IVeafon, 
A.D. 15 10, the Crown feifed it ; and the next Year 
granted it to Thomas Lord Howard and Ann his Wife, 
and the Heirs of their Bodies ; but they dying without 
Iffue, it came again to the Crown, and was granted to- 
wards the latter End of Qiieen EU-zabeil)?, Reign to ■> 

Morfe^ who fold it to 'John Glover, Efq; and in this Fa-» 
jnily it ftill continues. 

Halesworth, is a well built Town, fituated on 
the Borders of the River Blythc, which hath lately been 
made navigable up to this Town. It has a confi- 
derable Weekly Market on Thurfdays, and a good Fair 
yjearly for lean Cattle on the Feaft-Day of St. Luke, Od, 
J 8, obtained from Henry III. by Richard de Argentin^ 
then Lord of the Manor. From the Argcntim it defcended 
to the AUingiom, who fold it. Afterwards the Family of 
Bctts had it. Walter P lamer, Efq; bought it of Thomas 
Belts ; and his Brother William is now Lord of this Ma- 
nor, together with the Manor of Dame Margery, in this 
Town. There is alfo a Manor belonging to the Rcdory 
of this Parifh. Sir Robert Bcdingfield, who was hovA- 
Mzy 01 o( London, A.D. 1707, was fifth Son oi Johrt 
ikdiugfield, of this Parifh. 


Hundred of Blithing. 139 

Hen HAM, Is a Hamlet of Waii^ord. Ralph Barnard 
had the Lordfhips oiHenham and IVangford^ when Domef- 
day-Book was made. In the Time of King Edivardl, 
it belonged to Robert Lord Kerdejion^ and continued fome 
time in his Family. About the Year 1440, it came to 
the De la Poles i and in the Time of King Henry VIII. 
to the ancient Family of Rous^ who had long before con- 
fiderable Pofleffions at Dennington in this County. In the 
Archdeacon's Office, A. D. 1550, is the Will o'i William 
BenneU Servant of Thomas Rous, Efq; of Henham. We 
meet with Edmund Rous, Knt. in 1588; and Sir John 
Rous, Knt, in 1623; but the Title of Baronet was not 
granted to this Family before ij Jug. 1660. 

Henste AD. The Manor of Robert de Pierpolnt, in the 
Time of IViUiam the Conqueror. It continued in that 
Family till about the Year 1340. It came to the Clop- 
ions of Long Melford, about the Year 1500. The Sydnors 
of Blundejion, had it in Queen Elizabeth's Time. About 
the Reftoration it was in Sir Robert Brook, of Toxford; 
fmce in Mildmay ; and now it is in Rdrs. Haloday. 

Heveningham. Walter Fitx- Robert, who gave the 
Advowfon of this Church to the Priory of St. Neots, and 
died A.D. 1 198, was probably then Lord. It was af- 
terwards for many Years in a Family, who took their 
Name from the Place ; and when that failed, about the 
Year 1700, it became the Eftate of John Bcnce, Efq; and 
belongs now to Sir JoJJma Vanneck, who liath a handfomc 
Seat here. 

Hi NT ON, is a Hamlet of Blithburgh. 

HoLTON. Alan Earl o^ Richmond, was probably Lord 
here in the Time of William Rufus -, for he then gave this 
Church to St. Mary's, in Tsrh 


140 Hundred c/Blithing.' 

HuNTiNGFiED. iriU'iam de Hutithigfidd (Founder of 
jlfefidham Friory in King Sic-phen's Time) and his Heirs 
had the Manor and Advovvfoii here till about 50 Ediv. III. 
when IVilliam de Huntingfidd dying without Ilfuc, left 
Alice the Widow of Sir "John Norwich his next Heir. 
IVilUajn de la Pole married Catherine^ Daughter of Sir 
'John Norwich^ by the faid Alice y and after Catherine's 
Deceafc, 5 Richard 11. Afichael de la Pole her Son entered 
upon her Lands, and had Licence to make Caftles of his 
Manor-Houfcs of Wingfaldf Sternjield, and Huntingfield, 
in Suffolk, 8 Richard II. Michael de la Pole died fcifcd of 
this Manor 28 Henry VL or 1449 ; apd it continued in 
the Dukes of Suffolk till Queen Elizabeth's Time, v.'hcij 
Henry Lord Hunfdon had it ; and foon after it became the 
Eftate of that great Oracle of the Law Sir Ediuard Coke, 
whofe Defcendant the Earl of Leiccjler lately fold it to 
Sir Jojhua Vanneck, Bart. 

Before the Reformation there was a Chauntry here, of 
the yearly Value of 4/. jyj. 6d. the Lands belonging 
to it were granted by King James \. to Sir Edward Coke, 
A. D. 1604. 

Knottishall. The Family of Jenney -were Lords 
here before the Year 1480. Mr. Blo^njield mentions one 
Sir Thomas Jenney, of Suffolk, Knt. A. D. 1401 ; ancj 
there was a Sir Chrijhphcr Jcnney, Baron of the ExchcT 
qucr, in the Reign of Plenry VIII, Arthur Jenney, of 
Knottcfiall, was knighted 26 March, 163^. l^hc Eftate 
is now in Edmund Jenney, of Bredfield, Efq. 

Leiston. Here was formerly an Abbey of Rnvmon- 
flratcnfian Canons, founded by Ranulph Glanvile, about 
the Year 1 1 83. The Abbot obtained a Charter for a 
Market and Fair here b Edzcard 11. or A. D. 1312J 
but both have been long difufed. This Abbey being pro-- 
bably decayed and featcd in an inconvenient Place, ano- 


tluNDRED <?/BlITHING* I41 

ti>er was ereiled at fome Diftancc from the former by 
Robert de Ufford Earl of Suffolk, about theYear 1 363 ; and 
the Canons removed into it. The new, as well as tlie 
old Houfe, was dedicated to the Bleffed Virgin, and en- 
dowed at the Diffolution with the yearly Revenue of 181 /. 
17 J. \\d. It was granted 2% Henry \' III. to Charles 
Brandon Duke, o( Suffolk ; and was lately the Eftate of 
Daniel Harvey, Efq; in Right of his Wife 5 and is now, 
with the Manor of Lei/ion, vefted in the Hon. Elizabeth 
Relicl of Kelknd Coia'teney, Efq; who was Daughter of 
the Vifcountefs Hincbinhrooke, and Grand-daughter of the 
Right Hon. Lady J}2n Harvey. 

LiNSTEAD Great, and Linstead Little. The Church 
of St. Margaret of Linjiead, and half the Church of St. 
Peter, were given to the Priory of Mendham by Roger de 
Huntingfield. Both of them came in time to be wholly 
impropriated to that Priory. The A-lanor of Little Lin- 
jiead belonged to Sihtoyi Abbey, and was granted to Thomas 
Duke of Norfolk 28 Henry Vlll. 

Mells, a Hamlet of IVcnhaJlon ; the Manor belong- 
ed fotmcrl-y to Meitinghaju College, and at the Difiblutioa 
was granted to Thomas Denmy. 

MiDi>tETON\ This Church was given hy Roger de 
Glanvile and Robert Crec, to the Abbot and Convent of 
Leijion, who got it impropriated to them j the Impropria- 
tion was granted 28 Henry VIII. to Charles Duke o^ Suf- 
folk ; and, with the Manor, belongs now to Mr. Freake. 

NortHaLes, commonly called Cove-Hithe, probably 
from John and Walter Cove, who were Lords here in the 
Time of King Edward I. and had a Hithe or Quay for 
loading and unloading fmall Vefiels ; for here the River 

formerly emptied itfelf into the Sea. John de Csv: and 



Eve his Wife had free Warren in their Lands at Ca-Vf 
and Northalcs in Suffolk, in A. D. 1 308 ; and the Grant 
of a Fair here, A. D. 1328, which is ftill kept upon St» 
Andrciv^ Day. The Church was impropriated to the 
Cluniac Cell of Wangford, and granted therewith to the 
Duke of Norfolk, in whofe Family it ftill continues. 
This was a confiderable Fifhing-Town formerly^ and 
had a noble Church belonging to it j but by the Decay 
of that Bufmefs, it is reduced to a very mean Village. 
The Ruins of the Church are extremely fine, and well 
worth the Obfervation of the curious. The South-Ifle 
is preferved, and inclofed into a neat little Church. John 
Bale, whofe Book De Scriptor'ibus Britannicis was printed 
at Ipfwlch by John Overton, A.D. 1 548, was Redor of 
this Church, if not a Native of the Town. 

PeasenHall. This Ivordfliip belonged tb Roger By- 
god, 18 Edward I. Nicholas de Segrave died feifed of 
it 15 Edward II. leaving Maud his Daughter and Heir, 
then married to Edmund de Bohun, It now belongeth to 
Milefon Edgar, Efq. 

Raydont, Is the Mother-Church to Southwold; the 
Manor belongs to Sir John Rous. 

RuMBURGH. Here was 2.Bcncdi£ilne Monaftery found- 
ed about the Time of the Conqueft, and dedicated to St. 
Michael ; btit by Stephen Earl of Brittany, given as a Cell 
to the Abbey of St. Mary's in York. It was granted be- 
fore the general Suppreffion of thefe Koufes to Cardinal 
Wolfcy. It was afterwards the Eftate of the Earls of Ox- 
ford, and lately purchafed by Mr. Cohhold, a wealthy 
Quaker ; and now belongs to Mr. Jejfitp, a Quaker, at 
Le'i/lon Abbey. 

SiBTON. William de Cafineto or Cheny, founded a Ci- 
Jltrtian Abbey here, about the Year 11 50, and dedicated 


Hundred c/Blithing.^ 14^ 

It to the Blefled Virgin. The Revenues of it were va- 
lued at 250/. 15 J. 7' <^. per Ann. and granted away by 
the Abbot and Convent themfelves to Thomas Duke of 
Norfolk, Anthony Ronfe, Efq; and Nicholas Hare, Gent. 
31 July, 1536. It is at prefent a good old Houfe ; and, 
with the Manor, belongs to Charles Scrivener, Efq. The 
Church was built by Robert the Son of Walter de Cadom, 
in the Reign of WlUiam Ruftts ; but the North Ifle was 
built by the Executors of Rolert Ducket, whoie Will is 
dated i\'Jan. 1533. The Barkers of this Parilh are 
mentioned in old Wills, as Perfons of good Subftance, 
ever fince the Year 1500. Their Eftate is now vefted 
In Milefon Edgar, Efq. 

SiZEWELL, is a Hamlet of Leijlon, where there was 
a Chapel for Divine Service as late as Queen EU-zahtth''^ 
Time, and in the preceding Times probably, a connder- 
able Number of Houfesj but at prefent one Farm-houfc 

SoTHERTON. Here were two Manors: One of which 
had the Patronage of the Church, and belonged formerly 
to JValtsr de Bernham., John Brightyere (or Britiffe) of 
Bernha7n-Broom, in Norfolk, had it in the Time of Ed~ 
ward IV. and dying in 1497, left it to Jgncs his Daugh- 
ter ; and foon after it came to the Rous' s. The other 
Manor belonged to the Prior and Convent of Ely, and 
was granted 37 Henry VIII. to Anthony Rcufe. They are 
now both in Sir John Rous. 

SouTHWOULD, is pleafantly frtuated upon a Hill, be- 
ing almoft furrounded with the Sea, and the River Elythe^ 
over which it hath a Bridge for Entrance into the Town. 

The Bay, corruptly called Sowl Bay, is a commo- 
dious Place for Anchorage, and was made memorable by 
a (harp Engagement between the Englijh and Dutch 
Fleets on ^'^ May, 1672} in which the Earl of SanZ- 
Hfiih loft his Life. 


'i44 Hundred cf Blithinc' 

It is a Town Corporate, being made fo by A61 cf 
I'arliament in 1489 ; and is governed by two Bailiffs, 
and other Sub-officers j but fends no Members to Par- 
liament. It has a tolerable Market Weekly on Tburf- 
daysy indifferently ferved with Provifions ; and two Fairs 
Yearly, one on the Monday after Trinity-Sunday, and the 
other 24 Jugujl being St. Bartholomew'' s Day. It drives 
a confiderable Trade in Salt, and old Beer j having excel- 
lent Springs of good Water, which may be one Reafon 
why their Beer is fo much efleemed. 

South-Cove. Here are two Manors: South-Cove wkh 
Northaley which was probably the Manor of yohfi de Cove 
and Eve his Wife ; and Polfrey, or Bluejlory-Cove, both 
belonging to Mr. Cowling. 

Speckshall. The Earl of Richmond was probably 
Lord here, by his giving the Advowfon of this Churcl> 
to the Priory of St. MarySy at York. 

St OVEN. This Church was infipropriated to IVang- 
ford Cell or Priory, and the Impropriation was granted 
with that Cell to the Duke of Norfolk. 

Theberton, feems anciently to have been Part of 
the Bygods and Segraves Eftate ; for they prefcnted to the 
Church till after the Year 1350 : But foon after the Ab- 
bot and Convent of Leijion became Patrons. 

Thorington, was formerly the Lordfhip and De- 
mefne of Walter de Nonvich ; afterwards of the Uffords j 
then of the Cohs j but for fome Time hath been in the' 
Family of Bence, and was lately vefted in Alexander Bence, 
Efq; who made the Hall his Seat. His only Daughter 
is now Lady of this Manor, called by the Name of Tho- 
rington tf-imples. The Advowfon of the Church was- 
given to the Priory of Biythburgh,- by jyUliam the Son- 

Hundred <?/BLiTHiNa. 145 

of Walter de Sademfield^ before the Year I2C0 ; for thil 
Gift was confirmed by Richard I. who died in 1199. At 
the Diflblution it was granted to Sir Arthur Hoptoriy Knt. 
but is now in Mrs. Baice. 

Thorp, is a Kamlet of Aldringham^ which had a Cha- 
pel belonging to it ftanding fince the Refloration 5 but it 
is now in Ruins. 

Ubbes ton. This Church and Manor were givefi with 
Hennlnghanii to the Priory of St. Neots ; the Manor, Rec- 
tory, and Advowfon of the Vicarage were granted as 
Parcel of the Poffeffions of that Priory 36 Henry VIII. to 
yohn Popej Efq. It hath for fome time been the Seat of 
the Family of Kemp j which ancient Family is defcended 
from Normannus de Kcmpe, whofe great Grandfon vras 
A/Ien Kempe, of Wejlon in this County, Efq; from whom 
defcended Sir Robert Kemp^ of Gijftng in JSlorfolkj Knt* 
one of the Gentlemen of the Bedchamber to King Charles 
the Fiffl: ; who, for his eminent Loyalty to the faid King, 
was, by him created a Baronet i^^March^ 1641. He 
died 20 Augujl^ 1647 ; having fuffered very much both in 
his real and perfonal Eftate, from the SequeRrations of 
thofe unhappy Times. To him fucceeded his Son Sir 
Robert Kemp, who marrying Mary the only Daughter ^nd 
Heirefs of John Sone, of UbbeJIon, Efq; removed from 
GiJJtng hither, and made Ubhcfton Hall his Seat. He was 
fucceeded by his Son Sir Robert Kemp, who, on the Death 
of Sir Williayn Barker, was ele61:ed Reprefentative of this 
County, and left a numerous IITue. The prefent Heir of 
this Family is the Rev. Sir Thomas Keinp, Bart. 

The Re<fiory was pioufly and generoully given to the 
Vicar by the lail Will and Teftament of Mrs. Mary Sone, 
Widow, proved m the Archdeacon's Office A.D. 1685. 


1 4^ PI U N D R E D ^/ B L 1 T H I N G ,' 

. Ugceshall. The Manor of Ugghall in this Parifll, 
was formerly the Lordfhip of Catharine F'ltx-Ojhorn^ of 
Samerly ; afterwards in the Plr.ytcrs ; and at prefent is 
vefted in Sir John Rous-, as is alfo the Manor o{ Ugghall 
ex parte Northalys in this Parifh. 

WaldeRswick, formerly a large Place which traded 
confiderably to Sea, but now is very mean j and only a 
Chapel and Hamlet to Blithburgh. 

WALr'OOLE. Sir Jojhua Vanned^ Bart, is now Lord 
of the ^-lanor of Walpoole with Chickering. This Church 
was impropriated to the Nunnery of Redlbigfield, and 
granted in 37 Henry VIII. to Robert and Richard 

Wang?crd. Here was formerly a Priory or Cell of 
Cluniac Monks, fubordinate to Tktiford, dedicated to the 
Virgin Alary. It was valued at 30/. 9 J. ^d, per Ann. 
and fuppreffcd 16 Feb. 32 //t-^rjc VJII. and granted foori 
after with the Monaftcry o^Thetford to Thc7Tias Duke of 
Norfolk^ whofe Son fold it to Sir John Rous^ Knt. J. D. 
]6i2. It is now vefted in S\t John Rous, who is alfo 
Lord of the Manor of iVangfcrd, 

Wen HA STOW, the Lordmip o( IP'i/iiam Strode, Efqj- 
bcfides the Chapel of Mells m this Parifti, which was 
dedicated to St. Margaret, there was a Chapel of St^ 
Bartholoinew near the old Site of IVenhaJlon HaU. The 
North Ifle of this Church fcems to have been built abouf 
the Year 1 530. For Robert Pepyn, Redor of Kmddijhall^ 
in his Will dated i()Jan. 1535, orders his Body to be 
buried in the new Ifle at Wenhajlon, at the Feet of the 
Vicar of that Parifh lately deceafed. And in the Yeaf 
following a Legacy was given towards paving the new 
Ifls at Jf'er.hajion, Several gf the ancient Family of Le~ 



frian^ who have a Seat in this Parifli, are buried at the 
Eaft-end of this Ifle. The Manor oi Wenhajlon belonged 
to the Abbot and Convent of Sibton, who fold it to Thomas 
Duke of NorfoIL It is now vefred in Robert SparrdWj 
Efq; of WerUngham. The Hall belongs to the Rev. "John 
Letnan, who refides there. 

West HALL. Hubert de Burgh Eatl of Kent^ had a 
Grant of the Manor of TVejUmll, in Suffolk^ made to him 
i-7, Henry III. but ever fince the 25 Henry Will, it hath 
belonged to the Family of Bohim, (of whom Edinimd 
Bohun was a noted Writer) and is now vefted In If^illiam 
Bohun, of Becdes. The Prior and Convent of Huherjiaih 
in LincolnJ})ire, were formerly Patrons of this Church ; 
and the Prior and Convent of Norwich bought the Ad* 
vowfon of them. John Sahnon^ Bifliop of Norzvichy im- 
propriated it to the Ufe of theChauntry of Four Chaplains, 
at the Weft- end of the Cathedral Church at Norwich, 

Westleton. In this Parifh there was formerly a 
Hamlet, which had a Chapel belonging to it, named 
Dinghe. Two Manors are mentioned here ; Wejlleton- 
Grange^ which anciently belonged to the Abbey of Bib- 
tony and was granted to Thomas Duke of Norfolk^ 28 
Henry VIII. and the Manor of WeJlleton-CLves. 

Westwood-Lodge. a fingle Houfe nezv BUthbiirgh. 
Michael de la Pole died feifed of the Manors of Wejlwood 
mnd Blyburgh 2 Henry V. or 14 14. It now belongs to 
Sir John Bids, Bart. The Family of Brcohsy who had 
it before the Blois's, ufed to reiide here. 

WissET. This was the Lordfhip of the Earls of 5r/- 

tany and Richmond till 25 Henry III. when it was granted 

to Peter Earl of Savoy. John de Vallibus or de Faux died 

feifed of it 16 Edward I. or 1287, leaving IfTue two 

L 2 Daughters, 

148 Hundred of Blithinc. 

Daughters, viz. Petronil married to William de Nerfordy 
and Alaud married to Thomas Lord Rofu Upon Partition 
JVilUajii and Petronil had this Manor ; but Thomas Lord 
Rofs is faid to have died feifed of it 8 Riihardll. or 1384. 
It now belongs to the Heirs of Smith Heelwood, Efq. 

Wren TH AM. Robert de Piefpoint who came in wich 
the Conqueror, held the Manors of Wreniham and Hea- 
ded, of the famous JViUiam Earl Warren^ at the making 
of Domefday-book. Michael de Poinings died fcifcd of it 
43 £<^ti;^?;Y/ lU. or 1368. Richard de Poinings, by his 
Will dated 10 June 1387, gave his Manor at fPrentham, 
called North-hall, to the Lady Jfabel his Wife, for her Life. 
Robert de Poinings, who was flain at the Siege of Orleans^ 
died feifed of it 2 0^. 1446. In the Time of King 
Edward VI. h was purchafed by the Family oi Breivjier, 
who built the Hall, and have refided here ever fince. 
Philip Brcvcjler, Efq; is the prefent Lord. 

YoxFORD. On the North-fide of this Village is Cock- 
f eld-Hall, which was formerly the Seat of the P^amiiy of 
Brook J and paflcd from them to the Blois's. Sir John 
Blois, Bart, hath his Refidence here. Befides the Manor 
of Darjhayn with Yaxford, which belonged to the Monks 
at Thetford, here was alfo a Manor that belonged to the 
Abbot and Convent of Sibton ; and was by them granted 
28 Henry VIII. to Thovias Duke of Norfolk. Here are 
two other good Houfes, one belonging to Clutter- 
buck, Efq> the other to Mr. Ingham, 


[ H9 ] 

M U T F O R D, 

•M^UTFORD Hundred is bounded by the Sea on 
-* V-^ the Eaji ; on the IFe/i by the IFaveney ; on the 
North by the Lake Luthing \ and on the South 
by Blithing Hundred. 

This Hundred being Part of the Demefne of the 
Crown, it appears by Rot. Clauf. 14 Henry VI. that the 
Inhabitants are to be free from Toll, and from the Ex- 
pences of the Knights of the Shire. There is no Market- 
Town in it. The Villages are, 

Barney, confolidated to Mutford. 

Carlton-Colvile, fo called from the Family of 
Cohiles^ who were anciently Lords of one Part of it. The 
Prior of Bromhohn was Lord of the other Part. Both 
Parts now belong to Sir Thomas Allen. 

GissLEHAM. The prefent Lord of this Manor is 
Ridmiond Garncys, Efq. 

Kessin GLAND. Here was formerly a Market on 
Tuefdays, and a Fair on Nov. 20 ; the Church being de- 
dicated to St. Edjnund. There are four Manors in this 
Parifh, which have belonged to the Family of ProSior 
above One Hundred Years. Daniel Prc£f or ^ Elq; of 
Norfolk, is now Lord of them. 

KiRKLEY. Ridvnand Garneys, Efq; is Lord of this 
Manor. The Church was for many Years dilapidated ; 
but, as it ftood in the fame Church-yard with that of 
Pakejieldy the Lofs of it was eafily fupplied by the Minifter 
of Kirkle/s being permitted to ufe the Church of Pakefield 
L 3 on 

'150 Hundred of Mutford. 

on one Part of each Sunday^ and the Minifter of Pakejield 
ufing it on the other. It happened afterwards that both 
thefe Parifhes went together for many ""I'ears, and had 
the fame Incumbent ; but at length they were parted 
pgain. And then, the Incumbent of Kirkley refufed to 
make ufe of Pakefuld Church, neither would he allow 
any thing to the Incumbent of that Pari/h, for officiating 
on both Parts of each Lord's-day j alledging, that he 
could not legally be compelled to it. The Rev. folm 
Tannery Vicar oi Lowejloft^ was at that time Commilfary 
and Official in the Archdeaconry oi Suffolk ; and he failed 
;iot to ufe all the mild and perfuafive Arguments he coul4 
think of to the Incumbent of Kirkley^ but to no Purpofe ; 
fo at lafl: finding him continue obftinate, he left him with 
this Threat, '* Sir, if you will not officiate jn Pakejield 
«' Church, I will build you a Church at Kirkley^ and in 
<« that you fhall officiate." Mr. Tanner was as good as 
bis Word ; for chiefly at his own Expcnce, but with 
fome little Affiftance from his Friends and Acquaintance, 
he did build the prefent Church at Kirkley, and Divine 
Service is performed in it accordingly. 

Mutford, which gives Name to the Hundred. 

Pakefield, a pretty large Fi/hing-Town. See 


L O T H I N G, 

THE Hundred of Lothitig^ or Luthlng-land^ probably 
took its Name from that fpacious Lake called by 
Qavihdcn, the Lake Luthiii:;;. It is bounded on the Eajl 

Hun DP. ED ^/ Loth IN G^ 151 

by the Ocean ; on the IVeJl^ by the Wa-ueyisj \ on the 
ISiorth^ by Breydon-Water ; and, on the Souths by the 
Lake Luthing. It contains the followuig Parifhcs. 

AsHBY, or Hajkely. The Eftate here belonged formerly 
to the ancient Family of IngeloJJ'e ; but about the Year 
1 5 20 it came to the y^r«f^a«5, and hath ever fmce had 
the fame Owners with SomerUton-Hall. 

Belton. The Manor of Gapton in this and the neigh- 
bouring Parishes belongs to Sir Thomas Allen. 

Blundeston. a Family which took their Name 
from this Place, were formerly Lords and Patrons here. 
After them a Family of the Name of Yarmouth ; then 
the SycinorSy fmce Aliens. The Manor now belongs to 
Sir Thomas Allen ; but the Hall and chief Eftate to Mr. 
Robert Lufon^ of Yarmouth^ who generally refides there 
every Summer. Befides the Manor of Btundejion, here 
was alfo formerly another Manor called Gunviles, belong- 
ing probably to the Gonviles, of Rujljworth ; one of whom 
married a Daughter of Sir John 'Jernegan^ of Somerky, 
A. D. 1402. 

Bradwell, C<^.v/5« Hall here belonged to the Prior 
of St. Johns, ofjerufalem; and Gapton Hall to the Priory 
o( Leigh, in EJex ; and were both granted by King 
Henry VIII. to CaveJidiJlo, Efq; 

BuRGH-Gj/?/i, or Cnoherjburge, was a Place of confi- 
iderable Account in the Time of the Romans, as may be 
ConjeiSiured from the Roman Coins often found within the 
Walls of the Caftle. This Caftle is in the Form of a 
Parallelogram ; the Length of the Wall on the Eaft-fide 
is 220 Paces, the Breadth of it 120 ; the Entrance was 
on the Eaft-fide. The Walls are ftiil ftanding on the 
EsH:, NQfth, and South j and it is probable it was never 
L 4 wailed 

152 Hundred of L o t h i n «. 

walled on the Weft, the River being a fufncient Defence' 
Robert de Burgh had anciently the Manor and Caftle 
here j then Gilbert de Wefeham ; but King Henry III. 
gave it to the Priory of Bromholme^ which enjoyed it tg 
the Diflblution ; when Queen Eli-zaheth granted it to 
William Roberts. It now belongs to J(,Jhua Smith, Efq. 
A little North of the Caftle appear the Ruins of a Mo- 
naftery, built by Furfeus, a Scitchmariy in the Time of 
King Sigeberty about the Year 636, as is mentioned by 
Bpeed; which probably dwindled away in 3 few Years, 
as we meet with little or nothing of it afterwards. 

The Advowfon of the Church was given to the Piior 
and Canons of St. Olaves, who got it impropriated to 
.them about the Year 14.00 ; Lut gave up the Impropria- 
tion again in a fhort time, for a yearly Pcnfion. The 
Advowfon was not granted away at the Diflblution, but 
is ftill in the Crown. 

Cqrton. This Church is in Ruins i but the Chancel 
is kept up. Sir Thomas Men, Bart, is Lord of the Manor. 

Flixton. This Church is alfo in Ruins. The Roof 
of it was blown off in the great Storm 27 Nov. 1703. 
It is confolidated with Blundejion. The Manor belonged 
formerly to Robert Migiiells, of Chehn^ndijion j who fold it 
to John Wantiuorth, Efq; of Someriyton. It is now in 
Sir Thomas J lien. 

Fritton. The Manor of Friiion was formerly Syd- 
m^rs, then Jilsn's, and now Richard Fuller ^, Kfq; but 
the Manor of Caldecoi H:i]\ belongs to AfagdaL-r.Co\\egc, 
in Oxfordx 

GoRLESTOK. Nothing is remarkable here but thr. 
Ruins of an old Building, fuppofcd by Mr. Camhden to 
|iave been feme religious Houfc. In fa<S^j they jre the 


Hundred <?/Lothing. 153 

Ruins of the Church of St. Nicholas of South-Tozun, an 
adjoining Hamlet. Next to Tarmouth Bridge is another 
Hamlet called JVeJl-Tovon, Thefe two Hamlets are called 
in old Writings, Litile Tarmouth. Great Tarjnoiith^ en the 
other Side of the River, being often called in fuch Writ- 
ings, the Eajl-Totvn of Yarmouth, 

GuNTON. The Eftate here belonged formerly to the 
LowdhamSy then to the Ingelofesy Blo?nviIes, IVroths, Holies, 
in this Order ; and it doth now belong to Vice- Admiral 
Sir dearies Saunders, Knight of the Bath. 

HoPTON. The Manor and Impropriation belonged 
anciently to the Prior and Convent, and now to the Dean 
,?nd Chapter of Norivich. 

Heringfleet. Here was a religious Houfe of Ca- 
nons Regulars of St. Aujiins^ dedicated to the Honor of 
St. Oiave, and founded by Robert Fitz-OJbert, of the 
yearly Value of 49/. 11 s. ^ d. It was granted to Henry 
yerninghaniy 28 Henry VIII. It was lately the Eftate of 
Mr. Taverner^ fince of Sir Edmund Bacon^ of Giilingham, 
^art. and now of Henry Hills Mujfenden, Efq; 

LouND. Sir Thomas Men, Bart, is Lord of this Manor. 

Lowestoft, is a confiderable large Town, ftanding 
near the Sea : It is pretty well built, and the chief Street 
is paved throughout. The Church, which is fituated near 
a Mile from the Town, is a good Building ; but for the 
Eafe of the Inhabitants there is a Chapel in the Town, 
wherein Divine Service is often celebrated. The Nefs 
below the North End of the Town, is, fmce the wafhing 
away of Eajion Nefs, the moft Eaftern Point of Land in 
Qreat- Britain. The chief Employment here is Fifliing. 
The Market-day is" Wednefday j and here are two annual 
fairs, viTi, on yJ/^y-day, and Michaelmas-day, Befides 


1 54 Hundred of Lo t h i n g. 

the prcfent Chapel, here was formerly at the South-end 
of the Town another, called Gosd-Crcfs Chapel^ which 
hath long been deftroyed by the Sea. 

This Town, having been Part of the ancient Dcmefnes 
of the Crown, hath a Charter and a Town iieal ; but the 
greateft Privilege they now enjoy from their Charter, is 
that of not ferving upon Juries, either at the AlTizes or 
Scfilons. Sir Thomas AlUn^ Rear- Admiral Vtlcr^ Sir 
"Jchn AJhL-y, Vice- Admiral Aligbel/s, and other noted Men 
ill the Sea-fervice, were either Natives or Inhabitants of 
this Town. 

OoLTON. The Manor and Eftate here formerly be- 
longed to the Bacons^ then to the Fajiolfsy then the Hg- 
harts, fmce to the Reeves^ and now belong to Gerard p^an 
Heythuyfen, Efq; but he is only the mean Lord, Sir 
Thomas Allen hath a Paramountftiip over him. 

SoMERLiTON, now for Shortnefs called Scmcrly, is 
moft remarkable for a beautiful old Seat called the Hally 
which was anciently the Seat of the Fitz-Oficrts, or Fit%- 
0/bourns j then the Jemegans, Wentzvorths, and Garneys ; 
of whom it was purchafed by Sir Thomas Allen^ who was 
created a Baronet 7 Feb, 1672 ; which Sir Thomas^ or 
his Succeflbr, for want of IfTue gave his Seat to his 
'Ne^htw Richard Anguijh^ Efq; who was created a Ba^ 
ronet i^Dec. 1699, by the Name oi Richard Anguifi^ 
alias Allen. This noble Seat is now vefted in his Son Sir 
Thomas Allen, Bart. See Horham^ in Hoxne Hundred. 

Befides the fixteen Parifhes, and the Hamlets before- 
mciuioned, there are feveral other Hamlets in this Hun- 
dred ; fuch as Broiheyicn, a Hamlet of Hopton ; Broivjlon, 
a Hamlet oi Belton. Brotvjhn-Hall is the Scat of Na- 
thaniel Symonds, Efq; and Normanjlon, corruptly called 
Nc7nanj}or.vn, which lieth between ^^/*///c/y/- Bridge and the 
Town of Lotvejicft. It is the Eflatc of Richard Jen^ 
kifffoHi Gvn'Jtman, 


Wang FORD. 

jJyrJNGFORD Hundred is bounded on the EaJ 
■ ' by Miitford and Blythmg Hundreds ; on the Wejl 
by Hoxne Hundred ; on the North by the IVaveney j and 
on the South by the faid Hundred of Blything. This 
Hundred confifts of three Partitions ; the nitie Pariflics or 
South- Elmhams, the feven Parifhes or Ilketfalsy and the 
feft of the Hundred about Beccles. 

The nine Pariflies are as followeth : 

All-Saints, South- Elmham. 

Flixton, of all the nine Parifhes hath been of moft: 
Note for a Nunnery there, founded hy Margery theWidow 
of Bartholomew de Creke^ and Daughter of Jeffery Haut- 
fpile, about the Time of King Henry III. It was of the 
Order of St. Ju/iin, and of the yearly Value of 23/. 4J. 
jl-d. The Foundrefs gave the Manor of Flixton to this 
Houfc, which was difiblvcd by the fecond Bull of Pope 
Clement Y\\. m 1^2^, and intended for Cardinal Z^'^^^v, 
But he declining in the King's Favour, it was granted 
to Johi Tajburghy whofe Defcendants long had their Seat 
at Flixton Hall. That Family being extindt, it defcended 
to the Family of Wyburn ; but hath fmce been purchafed 
by William Adair ^ Efq. The A4anor of the nine Parifhes 
belonged to the Bifhop of Norwich^ with the Advowfon 
of all the Churches, except Flixton, (which he had 
granted to the Nuns, in Exchange for Flolmingham- 
Sancroft^ which belonged to the Batemam^') and St. Mi~ 
(hael, which was impropriated to the Priory of Rumbwgh, 
till A. D. 1335 } when it was granted by A61 of Parlia- 
ment to King Henry VIII. who granted the Manor with 
the Advowfons of St. James, St. Peters^ St. Margaret" ti, 
St. Nicholas, All Saints, and Homersfield, to Sir Edtvard 
Northe, Knt. in Exchange, The whole is now verted in 
Mr. Adair. San- 

[ ^55 1 
Wang FORD. 

JfyTANG FORD Hundred is bounded on t\\Q Eaji 
■ ' by Mutford and Blything Hundreds ; on the JFeJi 
by Hoxne Hundred ; on the North by the JVaveney ; and 
on the ^outh by the faid Plundred of Blything. This 
Hundred confifts of three Partitions ; the nine Pariflics or 
South- ElmhamSy the feven Parifhes or Ilketfals, and the 
;:eft of the Hundred about Beccles. 

The nine Pariflies are as followeth : 

All-Saints, South- Elmham. 

Flixton, of all the nine Parifhes hath been of mofl 
Note for a Nunnery there, founded hy Margery theWidow 
of Bartholomew de Creke, and Daughter of Jeffery Haut- 
vile, about the Time of King Henry III. It was of the 
Order of St. Jujiin, and of the yearly Value of 23/. 45. 
i\-d. The Foundrefs gave the Manor of Flixton to this 
Houfc, which was dilTolved by the fecond Bull of Pope 
Clement Vll. in 1528, and intended for Cardinal JFolfey. 
But he declining in the King's Favour, it was granted 
to John Tajburgh, whofe Defcendants long had their Seat 
at Flixton Hall. That Family being extindt, it defcended 
to the Family of Wyburn ; but hath fince been purchafed 
by William Adair ^ Efq. The Manor of the nine Parifhes 
belonged to the Bifhop of Norwich, with the Advowfon 
of all the Churches, except Flixton, (which he had 
granted to the Nuns, in Exchange for Flohningham- 
Sancroft, which belonged to the Batemans,) and St. Mi- 
fhaely which was impropriated to the Priory of Rumhurgh, 
till A. D. 1335 J when it was granted by hd: of Parlia- 
ment to King Henry VIII. who granted the Manor with 
the Advowfons of St. James^ St. Peters, St. Margaret^, 
St. Nicholas, All Saints, and Homersfeld, to Sir Edward 
Northe, Knt. in Exchange, The whole is now veiled in 
Mr. Adair. SaN' 

156 Hundred of Wang ford, 

Sancroft, or St. George Southelmham. 

HoMERSFiELD, or St. Mary Southclmham. A Market 
and a P'air here were granted to the Biftiop of Norwich 
2 Henry III. The Manor of Lhnbornc in Homer s field he- 
longed formerly to the Nuns of Bungay^ and was granted 
29 Henry VIII. to Thomas Duke of Norfolk, and 7 EdNl. 
to John and ^Ihomas Wright, Sir Bafmghurn Gaudy died 

feifed of it yj^. D. 1569. It belongs now to 

■ ; but there are few or no Tenants to it, and it 

would fcarce be known, if it were not for the Water- 
Alill, which ftill retains the Name of Lymborn Mill. 

St. James, Southelmham. 

St. Margaret, Southelmham. 

St. Michael, Southelmham. The Earl of Brittany 
and Richmond had Lands here when Domefday-Book 
was made, and by his means probably this Church be- 
came early impropriated to Rumhurgh Priory. 

St. Nicholas, Southelmham^ whofe Church is fo en- 
tirely demolifhed that hardly any Rubbiih of it remains. 

St. Peter, Southelmham. 

Thefe nine Pariflies which are called the Deanery of 
Southelmham, are rcprcfentcd in old Wills as one Town- 
JlAp ; and as fuch they have an Eftate in JIdborough and 
Wortxvell in Norfolk. y common to them all. For we fre- 
quently meet with Homersfteld, in the Town of Southelm- 
ham -y and St. James, in the Townihip of Southehnham \ 
and the like. 

The feven Pariflies are thcfe : 
St. Andrew Ilketsal, is one of the Duke of 
Norfolk^ Towns. 


Hundred of Wa n g f o r d. 157 

Bungay St. Mary, and Bungay Trinity. Bungay is 
a pleafant Town, fituated on the River Waveney, which 
is navigable for Barges from Yar?nouth hither. A great 
Fire broke out on i March 1688, in a fmall un-inhabited 
Houfe, which raged fo furioufly, that in four Hours Time 
it confumed the whole Tov/n, except one fmall Street : 
The whole Lofs was computed at 29,896/. and upwards. 
By this terrible Accident, it has happened that the Town 
is well built. St. Marys Church is a fumptuous Struc- 
ture, and, with its beautiful Steeple, is a great Ornament 
to the Town. Between the two Churches the Ruins 
of a Benedi^ine Nunnery appear j it was founded by 
Roger de Glatwih and the Countefs Giindreda his Wife, 
to the Honour of the Bleffed Virgin Alary, and the Holy 
Crofs. It was endowed by a great Number of Benefactors, 
all whofe Gifts were confirmed by 19 King i/^«ry 11. 
At the Suppreflion it was of the yearly Value of 62/. 
and was granted to Thomas Duke of Norfolk j in which 
Family, with a Manor in this Town, it now remains. 

The Church of the Holy Trinity in Bungay was impro- 
priated to the Priory of BarlyJich, in Sonurfetfnre. The 
Impropriation now bclongeth to the Bifhop of Ely, who 
leafeth it to the Vicar. Befides thefe two Churches, there 
was alfo a Church of St. Ihornas, which was impropriated 
to the Nunnery : It was ftanding and in ufe fmce the 
Year 1500 j but hath been fo long down, that no Man 
now knows where it flood. 

Here are alfo the Ruins of a very flrong Caflle, fup- 
pofed to have been built by the Bygods, Earls of Norfolk, 
In the Barons Wars it was fortified, and made fo ftrong 
by High Bygod, that he was wont to boaft of it as im- 
pregnable i faying, in the Vv^ars of King Stephen^ as is 

Were I in my Caftle of Bungay, 

Upon the River Tfaveney, 

I would ne care for the King of Cockney, 


i§B Hundred c/Wangforij. 

But notwithftanding his great Confidence in this CafUc^ 
he was forced to compound with King Henry II. for a 
great Sum of Money, with fufficient Hoftages, to fave it 
from being dcmolifhed. But afterwards the faid Earl 
Tiding with Richard Son of Hemy II. againft his Father, 
King Himy took from him his Caftles of Framlinghant 
and Bwigay. In the Reign of King Hemy III. this Caftle 
Was dcmolifhed, and Roger Bygod Earl of Norfolk obtained 
a Licence lO Edward I. to embattle his Houfe in the 
Place where this Caftle flood ; afterwards it reverted to 
the Crown. In the 4th Richard II. TVilUatn de Ufford 
Earl of Suffolk^ died polTefTed of the Caftle, Borough, and 
Manor of Bungay : He married Joan Daughter of Ed- 
ward Montacute^ by Alice his Wife Daughter and Co- 
heirefs of Thomas Broihcrton^ fifth Son of King Edward I. 
on whom it is probable that King (ettled them. 

Here is a good Market on Thurfdays^ well ferved with 
all manner of Provifions : There are alfo two yearly Fairs 
on 3d May and Sept. 14 ; both Feftivals of the Holy Crofs, 
to which the Nunnery was dedicated. The Inhabitants 
oi Bungay have the Privilege of a large Common belong- 
ing to this Town, and almoft encompafted with the 
River Wavency^ which is of great advantage to them. 

St. John Ilketsal, St. Laurence JlketsaLj 
St. Margaret Ilketsal, Mettingham. The 
Churches of Mettinghatn^ Ilketfal St. Andrew's^ St. Mar- 
garety and St. Laurence^ were given by Roger de Glanvile 
and Gu7idreda his Countefs to the Nuns of Bungay^ who 
got them impropriated to them. And the Impropriations 
and Advowfon of the Vicarages were granted to Thomas 
Duke of Norfolk 29 Henry VIII. 

The Manor of Bardolf In Ilketfal St. Laurence znd 
Bioigay Trimtyy was obtained 2 Edward 111. with the 
Manor of Cloptony by Elizabeth de Burgh the Relid of 
Roger de Jmorie^ for herfelf for Life , and the Remainder 


Hundred cf \Ya n g f o r d. 159 

to John Lord Bardolf and EUzabrtJ} his Wife, (who wa9 
her Daughter) and the IfTue by the faid Roger ; in Ex- 
change for the Manors of Kntnington and Fankfoall^ in 

The remaining Parifhes in that Hundred about Beccles, 

Barsham, anciently the Lordfl:»ip and Seat of the 
Itchlnghams ; Jcbn Blennerhajpt, Efq; about the Time of 
Edzuard VI. acquired it by marrying one of the Co- 
hcirefles of Sir Edzvard Itchingbam, and made it the Seat 
©f his Family. It now belongs to the Sucklings. 

Beccles, is a large well-built Town, fituated on the 
Eaji and South Sides of the River JVaveney^ which is na- 
vigable beyond the Town : The chief Streets are well 
paved : The Church and the Steeple, which laft {lands 
at fome Diftance from the South- Eajl Corner of the Chan- 
cel, are noble StrufSlures, and great Ornaments to the 
Town. On the South Part of the Town are the Ruins 
of another Parifli Church, called ErJgate^ which was 
taken down by Order of Queen Elizabeth: " For that 
'* the Parifhes of Beccles and Endgate had been for many 
** Years fo blended together, that the Bounds and Limits 
•' of them could not be known in A.D. 1419 j when a 
«' legal Agreement was made by the Bifhop, Patron, and 
*' Redors of both Parifhes, That the Reclor of Beccles 
" fliouid take the whole Tithes of both Parifhes, and 
** pay the Rcdor oi Endgate 6/. 135. 4^. yearly, in the 
*' Parifli Church oi Endgate. So that the Inhabitants of 
*' Endgate have Time out of iVlind been efteeaied Pa- 
J* rifhioners of Beccles" 

It feems probable from what is faid in Men. Angl. 

Vol. I. p. 408, that Beccles was very early a Place of fome 

Note; for, fpeaking of the Citizens of Norwich, it is 

faidj <t Nunquam ante Con<jueftum, nee poft per cen- 

4 *' rum 

i6o Hundred tf/ Wang ford. 

" turn & plures annos, habuerunt Coronatores, nee Bal- 
** livos dc feipfis, fed folummodo unum Ballivum, qui 
*' nomine Regis curias tenebat ct amerciamenta collige- 
*' bat, ficut fiiit in Bcccles feu in Bungay, five in aliis 
" vilUs iibi merchandif.a: vcnduntur." They had not be- 
fore the Conqucft, nor for a hundred Years or more after 
it, any Coroners or Bailives from among themfelves ; but 
they had one Bailiff" only, who in the King's Name held 
Courts, and colledted Amercements, as it was in Beccles 
or Bungay, or other Tcivns where Merchandize is fold. 

The Manor of Beccles was given to the Abbey of Bury 
by King Edwin Brother of King Edgar^ who enjoyed it 
till the Diflblution j when it was given by K. Hen. VII f. 
to U^ilUam Rede^ Gent, from whom it came to the Tal- 
lops ; and from them to Mr. Bence^ of Henjlead. 

The Manor of Roos or Rofs in Beccles, was formerly 
the Eftate of Peter Garneys^ Efq; then of the Tolbys ^ after 
that of the Sucklings j and is now the Seat of Sir Robert 
Richy Bart. 

The Common belonging to this Town contains about 
1400 Acres, and was like wife Part of the Poilelfions of 
Bury Abbey, and granted to the aforefaid William Rede, 
for the Ufe of the Inhabitants. For the better Prcferva- 
tion and Improvement of this Common Queen Elizabeth 
A. D. 1583, incorporated a Body Politick, by the Name 
of. The Corporation o/" Beccles Fenn j confifting of a Port- 
reve, a Steward, twelve capital and twenty-four inferior 
Common-Councilmen, to overlook and regulate all Mat- 
ters relating to it. 

Here is a plentiful Adarket every Saturday, and three 
yearly Fairs ; the firft on Afcenfion-day ; the fecond on 
fiine 1C), granted by Kingy^/^/z to be held eight Days j 
and the third on September 21. 

Befides the Parifh Church, here was formerly a Chapel 

of St. Peter, near the Old Market ; a Chapel of St. Mary 

JlJagdaUne, belonging to a fmall Hofpital on th'; Hill near 

2 the 

H U N D R E jD cf Wa NGFORD. i6£ 

the Free-School ; and a Chapel or Hermitage near the 
Bridge over the TVaveney^ as there was alfo formerly at 
Bungay, and upon almoft all great Bridges in England. 

^'nJohnLemr.ny Knt. Aldeiman o? London., in theReigti 
of K.\ngjamesl, built a Free School and endowed it with' 
an hundred Acres of Land, for the Maintenance of a 
Mafter and Ufher, to teach forty-eight Bvoys Writing and 
Arithmetick. And Henry Falconhsrge, L.L.D. Chancellor 
of the Diocefe of St. David's, Regiftrary of the Faculty- 
OfSce, and Commiflary and Ofncial of the Archdeaconry 
oi Suffolk, who lived feveral Years, and died in this Parifli 
J.D. 1 7 13. bequeathed an Eftate ^xCcrtcn in this County 
of the yearly Rent of 40/. for the Endowment of a Gram.- 
mar-School here : The Mafter whereof is to be elected 
by the Bi(hop of Norwich, the Archdeacon of Suffolk^ 
and the Re£tor of Beccles for the Time being. 

Ellough, or WiLLiNGHAM M-Saiuts. The Lord- 
fhip of this Place, and the Advowfon of the Church, 
hath been in the Family of Playters above two hundred 
Years. Sir John Playters, of Sattcrly, is now Lord and 

Endgate. See Backs. 

HulVerstreet, is a Hamlet oi Henjlead. 

NoRTH-CovE. The Manor of Wade-Hall in North- 
Cove^ belonged anciently to Robert Wafnhy, of Cumber- 
land, Hubert Jernegan obtained it about the Year 1200, 
by marrying TVaJhbys Daughter. Sir John Jernegan, upon 
the Marriage of his Sons, J.D. 1456, fettled at Cove by 
Beccles, and gave the Manor of Wafie or Wade-Hall to 
his ?>onO/bcrt. Sir Ediuard Jernegan died feifed 1 51 5: 
It lately belonged to the Tallops ; and is now in the Heirs 
of Mr. Robert Bcnce, late of Henjlcad, 

•M RedichaJvI 

1 62 HVKDRED of Wa N G F O R D. 

Re DISH AM Magna. This Church was impropriatetf 
to the Priory of Butley^ and the Impropriation was granted 
20 Elizabeth to jfohn Hercy and ydm Hayward. The 
Church of Little Redijham hath been many Years down^ 
The Redlory hath been confolidated to Ringsfield, The 
Lordfhip is in Edmund Tyrrel, Efq; of Gippifig. 

RiNGSFiELD. The Prior and Convent of 5«//<?y were 
Patrons both of Little Redijham and Ring^field before the 

Satterly, is chiefly remarkable for the Family of 
Playters. which is very ancient, having had their Seat at 
Qatterly ever fince the Reign of King Edward 11. This 
Family were early in the Lift of Baronets j for Sir Thofnas 
Playters^oi Satterly was created a Baronet 1 3 Aug. 1623 i 
which Honour is now vefted in Sir John Playters 3 but the 
Manor in Miles Barnes , Efq; 

Shaddincfield. The Family of Cuddon had for 
many Years their Seat at this Hall ; which, with their 
Eftate in this Parifli, was lately fold by Ehazor Cuddon 


Weston. Here is a Seat which for fome time lias 
been in the Family of Leman^ and is now vefted in JVilliajn 
Lcman, Efq. There is alfo another Seat which belongs 
to . 

WiLLiNGHAM 5/. /T/rtrj'. This Church was ftandlng 
j1. D. 1529 ; but is now in Ruins. The Lordfhip was 
lately in Sir Thovuxs Robinfon j now in Robert SparroWy 

WoRLiNGHAM, was formerly two Parifiics, St. Mary 
and St. Peter. The Church of TVorlingham St. Peter hath 


Hundred bJ Wa ngford. i6^ 
been many Years down, and it is now accounted but one 
Parifh. The Advowfon was formerly in the Prior and 
Convent of Butley, but was not granted away at the Dif- 
iolution of that j fo it remains ftill in the Crown. 

The Hall is a neat Manfion, and was for fome time 
the Seat of John Felton, Efq; whofe only Daughter mar- 
ried to Sir yohn Playiers ; and he fold this and fome other 
Eftates to Sir Thomas Robinfon, Bart, who made it his 
Seat. It is now by Purchafe the Seat of Robert Spar- 
row ^ Efq. 


[ j64 ] 

H O X N E. 

THE Hundred of Hoxne is bounded by the Flun- 
dreds of Loes and Phinefgate, on the South ; on 
the JVeJi^ by Loes and Harufmere ; on the North, 
by the River IVaveney, which parts it from Norfolk \ and 
on the Eaji^ by JVangford and Blything. It contains the- 
Parifhes following, vi-z. 

Athelington. The Prior and Convent of Builey 
were Patrons of this Church before the Reformation j the 
Crown did not prefent to it before the Year 1555. 

Baddingham. The H^ll was for many Years the 
Seat of the Family of Rous^ and is now veiled in the Heirs 
of the Rev. Mr. Fynn^ v^'ho married a Lady of that Family. 
The Family of Alexander hath long refided here j alfo- 
Col/ion-HTxW here belongs to Rowland Holt^ Efq^ and the 
Manors of Col/I on-WzW and Baddinghatn-HdW to Milefon 
Edgar, Efq. The Patronage of the Church is now vefted 
in the Rev. Mr. Chevalier. The late Redor Dr. Blom- 
field, built a neat RetStory-Houfe not far from the Church. 

Beddingfield, was remarkable for a Family of that 
Name, who were Lords of this Manor, and had their Seat 
at Redl'ingfield. The Manor did belong to the Priory of 
Snape^ and was granted I'j Henry VIIL to Cardinal IVolfey 
towards the Endowment of his College at Ipfwich. After 
the Dillolution of that College, it was granted to Thomas- 
Duke of Norfolk; and in 7 Edivard VL to Yho7fias and 
George Golding j and came to the Biddingfields foon after. 


Hundred c/HoxNE. 16^ 

It is now vefted in Beddingfield, of Dlichingham, 

Efq; who is Patron likev/ife of the Benefice. 

B E D F I E L D. The Manor and Advowfon was given 
to the Priory of Eye, by Robert Mallet, and granted 
31 Henry VIII. to Anthony Rous, Efq. They are now 
vefted in Sir John Rous, Bart. 

Brundish. Here was a famous Chauntry, founded 
by Sir John Pyjl)all, Re£tor o^CaJhn, one of the Executors 
ol Robert del! ffordY.2ix\ o'i Suffolk, in y Richard U. for 
fix Chaplains to pray for the Soul of the faid Earl, and 
all his Benefadlors : It was of the yearly Value of 13 /. 
ji-d. and furrendered 25 June 1545, by IVilliam Bilhop 
of Norwich and John Pcrfin Incumbent, with the Confent 
of Richard Fulmerjion Patron, and granted on the fiiil of 
Augujl following to the faid Richard Fulmerjion. It is 

now vefted in " Gooch, Gent, who refides in a Man- 

fion near the Church : Here is alfo the Seat of Turner 
Calvert, Efq; call&d the Lodge. It is remarkable, that all 
the Land within this Pariih is Freehold. 

Carleton. a Chauntry was founded here about the 
Year 1330, by John Framlingham, FvCcStor of Keif ale, for 
three Chaplains to pray for ihe Soul oi Alice of Hainault, 
Countefs of Marejchall. It was granted 36 Henry VIII. 
to William Honing. 

Denham. The Manor is veded in Lord Moynard. 

Dennington. In this Church is the Burial-place of 
Lord Bardolph, who had his Scat at the Hall, which by 
the Ruins appears to have tten a fumptuous Building. 
Here were two Chauntries, one called our Lady's Chaun- 
try, as belonging to the Altar of ?it. Mary, ihis.is men^ 
tioned in 1306, and was of the yearly Value of 9/. y.i-^a'. 
the other to the Altar of St. Margaret, founded in 1437, 
by Sir TVilliam Philips^ who by luariying the Daughter 6lF 
M 3 ■ ' Lord 


Lord Bardolphy was Lor J Bardolph in her Right, and 
called Phillps's Chauntry : This was for two Priefts to 
pray for his and his Wife's Welhre during their Lives, 
and for their Souls, &(. after their Deceafe j it was of 
the yearly Value of 26/. 4^. yd. They were both 
granted to Richard Fulmerjlon. The Hall with feveral 
Eftates and the Lordfhip of this Parilh and the Advowfon 
of the Redory, have been long in the Family of jRomj, 
and arc now vefted in Sir John Roiis^ Bart. Leland fays, 
«' All the Roui'i that be in Suffolk, come, as far as I can 
** learn, out of the Houfe of Rous of Denmngton. Divers 
" of the Rouses of this eldeft Houfe lie in Dcnningtott 
" Church, under flat Stones. Anthony Rous, now Heir of 
<* Denmngton HdWy hath much enlarged his FofTefrions." 
Leland's Hen.Vl, p. 10. 

Fresingfield. Here are, or were feveral Manors: 
J. Belonged to Michael de la Pole, who died fcifed of it 
J2 Richard II. and Willmn dc la Pole died feifed of the 
fame when he was beheaded, 28 Henry VL 2. A Manor 
which belonged to the Priory of Eye, and was granted 
28 Henry VIII. to Edmund Bedingfield. 3. 'f'he Manor 
or Hamlet of Chepenhal, which was given to Bury Abbey 
Ipy one Sxvartingjhue. 4. The Manor or Hamlet of Wit- 
jngham, which had anciently a Chapel belonging to it ; 
Part of this I>ordfliip was given to Bury Abbey, by Thlr- 
Icetel ; but Part of the Tythcs to Eye Priory. It is now 
chiefly of Note for being the Birth-place and Burial- 
place of that truly pious and moft reverend Dr. lyUiiani 
Sancroft, Lord Archbifhop of Canterbury, who had a Seat 
in this Parifh, and lieth buried in the Church-yard under 

a handfome ^';onume^t. . Sancrofi, Efq; a Def- 

cendant of the Biftiop's, now refides in the Family Segj. 
1l\\z Advowfon of the Church is, by the Bifhop's Dona- 
tion, in Emanuel College, Cambridge \ and the Manors o5 
Chevenhall ixVus Chepenhal:', and Ufford HaW in Frejin^/ield, 
gre now iu the Sancrofi Family. 


H U N D R E D o/ H O X N E. 1 6/ 

Ho.RHAM. Here are, or were three Manors : Horharn- 
Brodocks^ late CoplecUtche^ Horham-Comitis^ and Horham- 
Shermam., late Jernegans. Sir Hubert Jertiegan^ who died 
J. D. 1239, had his capital Seat at his Manor of Hor- 
ham. Sir Hugh 'Jernegan his Son, made Stonham Jernc' 
gan the chief Seat of the Family. Sir Peter Jernegan^ 
GrandfoR of ^\x Hiigh^ v/hofe Mother was Heirefs of the 
Fitz-OJberts of Sofiierhy, made Somerley the chief Seat of 
the Family. All thefe Manors are now faid to be in the 
Earl of Leicejier. 

HoxNE gives Name to the Hundred, but is more re- 
markable for being the Place where the Danes martyr'd 
Edmund King oi the Ecijl- Angles^ becaufe he would not 
renounce his Faith in Chrift, by binding him to a Tree, 
and (hooting him to Death with Arrov/s : His Death hap- 
pened J. D. 870. His Body was removed to Bury., and 
there buried. A Chapel was built on the Spot where he 
was flain, which was dedicated to him ; and afterwards 
improved to a Houfe of Betiedidine Monks, as a Cell to 
Norwich ; it was of the clear Value of 18/. is. per Ann. 
It is now converted into a Farm-houfe ; and that, v/ith the 
Eftate belonging thereto, lately vefted in "John Thriiflon, 
Efq; is now the Eltate of Lord Maynard. The Hall, the 
Manor, the Redory, and Advowfon of the Vicarage, he- 
longed to the Bifhops of Norvjich ; who ufed frequently 
to refide here, till the Year 1535 ; when it was given up 
-by Acl of Parliament to King Henry VIII. who fhortly 
.after granted them to Sir Rclc.'t Soutbtuell. It is now the 
Manfion of the Right Hon. the Lord Maynard. 

Here is a confiderable Fair for Cattle, beginning yearly 
on November 20, being St. Edmund's Day. 

K ELS ALE near Sax??iundbam,was anciently the Demefne 

of John Duke of Norfolk, which he had with the Countefs 

Marefchal., as her Portion ; till being attainted for iiding 

M 4 with 

i68 Hundred ^/Hoxne. 

with the Houfe ofTbrk againft Hemy Duke of Richmond^ 
this Manor was given to John de Vere^ Earl of Oxford \ 
but it is probable it did not remain long in that Family, 
for it was in the Duke of Norfolk's Family again J. D. 
1545 ; and his Truftees prefented to the Church all Queen 
Elizabeth's Reign. In King James the Firft's Time Sir 
Thomas Hollatid had it ; and in King Charles the Second's 
Reign, John Bence, Efq. It is now vefted in George Gold- 
ing^ Efqj in Right of his Lady the Heirefs of that Family. 

Kelsale-Z5(i[^^, did alfo formerly belong to the Dukes 
of Norfolk^ and p^;ired from them to the Family of Weaken- 
ham^ and from them to the Hobarts. Jt is no\y Sir Johji 


Laxfield. Robert Mallett gave what he had in this 
Place to the Priory oi Eje\ and a Manor, the Rediory^ 
and Advowfon of the Vicarage were granted as Parcel of 
the Polfeffions of that Priory, 28 Henry VIII. to Ed?nund 
Bedingfeld. Another Manor in Laxfield was granted as 
Parcel of the PofTeffions of Leiflcn Abbey to Charles Duke 
of Suffolk, 28 Henry VIII. John Wingfield obtained a 
Grant for a Market at Laxfdd in King ^^w^r^ I Vth's 
Reign j and there are two P^.irs here yearly. May ift, and 
P^cZ-^r 13th; from whence we may fuppofe that this 
Place was of more Note formerly, than it is now. The 
Church and Steeple are very beautiful Edifices. There 
were many Legacies in old Vv^ills about the Year 1445, 
given to the Building the Steeple here. The Family of 
Jacobs have long had their Seat in this Town, which is 
now vefted in the Heirs of that Family. 

Mendham, is fituatcd on both Sides of the River 
IVavemy, taking into its Bounds Part of thcTown oiHar- 
lejlon : There was formerly a Chapel in this Church- 
yard, at a little Diftance from the Church : And in the 
Suffolk Part of this Parifh, IVilUam the Son of Roger de 


Hundred <?/Hoxne. 169 

Hunt'ingfield founded in King Stephens Reign a Chiniae 
Priory, dedicated to the Bleffed Virgin, and fubordinate 
to Cajilcacre in Norfolk ; which, at the Diflblution, was 
granted to Richard Frejlon and Ann his Wife. Sir John 
Hozvard had a Grant of the Manor oi Mendham in Suffolk 
15 Edward IV. which was lately the Edate oi John Earl 
of Oxford, attainted. And the Manor of JVinchenden, in 
this Parifli, was granted to Richard and William Frejlon, 
I Edward VI. as Parcel of the PofieiUons of the Prior and 
Convent of the Holy Trinity in Ipfwich, who had a Share 
of the Church here by theGiftcf i$<7/'^''r/ the Son oi Jngot^ 
and is now veiled in Cook Frejlon, Efq; who refides in a 
good Seat here. 

Me.t? lELD, is fometimes called a Chapei to Mend- 
ham : The Lordfhip is in IPllliam Plmner, Eujj 

MoNK-SoHAM, fo called becaufe the Monks oi Bury 
iwere Patrons of the Re61ory, and had the Manor here by 
the Gift of Alfred, Bifhop of the Eajl- Angles. It was 
granted 37 Henry VIII. to Anthony Rous, and fold by 
Thonias Rous in 3 Elizabeth, to Lionel Tahjiach. The 
Manor of Blo?nviies, or JVoodcr eft-Hall, in this and the 
neighbouring Parifties. belonged to John Caldwell, in A. D. 
1460 J and is now veiled in Anthony Deane, Efq; 

Saxstead, is the Lordlhip of the Mafter and Fellows 
pi Pembroke-Hall, in Cambridge. 

Syleham. In this Parifh there is a Hamlet called E- 
f/kvn, in which there was formerly a Chapel. The Manor 
of Syleham Comiiis is now veiled in JVilUam Chapman, Efq; 
this is probably the Manor which belonged to Michael 
and William de la Pole, as mentioned in Dugdale's Baron. 
Roger Bygod had Lands here, by Exchange with Bifhop 
Herbert, which he gave to his Clmtiac Monks at Thetford, 
j-ipon whofe Diflblution a Manor in Syleham (perhaps that 
2, which 

170 Hundred of Hoxne. 

which is now called Monks-Hall) was granted to Thomas 
Duke o( Norfolk, 32 Henry VIII. Henry ferncgan, Efq; 
who died A,D» 16 19, had a Manor InSyleham-y but 
which of thefe it was, does not appear. In this Pari{h is. 
the Seat of Lamb Barry, Efq; 

SouTHOLT, is but a Kind of Hamlet and Chapel of 
Eafe to fVorl'mgworth, and feems to have belonged to Bury 
Abbey, as that did. 

Stradbrook, is a confiderable and large Village. 
There is a Patent granted by King Henry III. for a Mar- 
ket here on Fridays^ but it hath long been difufed ; but 
the Fair on Sept. 21, is kept up. Here are two Manors, 
ift, Schehons, in which John de Schelton had a Chapel, 
which was inftituted to for about 150 Years, viz, from 
the Year 1306, to the Year 1455. 2. A Manor which 
Michael de la Pole died feifed of 12 Richard II. William 
de la Pole died feifed of it 28 HenryVl. and Thomas Lord 
Howard and Jnn his Wife, probably had this granted to 
them A.D. 15 11. Robert Grojlhcad, Bifhop of Lincoln, 
was a Native of this Parilh ; he died in 1 253 : He was a 
Man of good Learning, the Age confidered, (faith Lam^ 
hard) and was fuch an Adverfary to the unholy Proceed- 
ings of Pope/w«5tv«/IV. that, after his Death, the holy 
^Father confulted to have bin) taken up, and burnt. 

Tannington. Here the Family of ikit Dadcs have 
long had their Seat in a good Manfion, now veiled in 
the Relia of Dr. Dade. 

WcTHERSDALE. The Patronage of this Church is in 
Emautiel College, Cambridge j and it is held with Fre- 

^V E V B R E A D . Oliver de Ingham d i cd 18 Edward III. 
ifeifcd of the Manor of JVeybrcad^ in Suffolk, The Patrrni 


Hundred of Hoxne. 171 

of this Church is Philips Coleman, Efq; of Ipfwichy who 
is lilcewife Lord of the Manor. 

WiLBY. John Nevil Mzrqu'is Montague, had a Grant 
of the Manor of JVilhy, 8 Edward IV. It was Part of the 
JFingfield's Eftate, and doth now belong to the Earl of 
Rochford. Here is alfo a Manor called Rujfels, in Willy, 
belonging to William Stane, £fq; 

WiNGFiELD, was fometime the Eftate of Richard de 
Brews, who had a Grant for a Fair here ^E^dwardlW. 
or 1 328 ; but more anciently it belonged to a Family 
who took their Name from it, and were in great Reputa- 
tion here for many Ages : In After-times they had their 
Habitation at heiheringham and Eajion, in the Hundred 
of Loes. It is faid, that in the Reign of Henry VIII. 
there were eight or nine Knights at the fame time, all 
Brothers, and two Knights of the Garter of this Family. 
That noble old Building called Wingfield-Cajile, was the 
Seat of this Family before the Ngnnan Conxjueft, as appears 
by an ancient Pedigree now in that Family. It was for 
a long time and till lately vefted in the Family of the 
Catalyne^. The Lady of the late Sir Charles Turner, Bart, 
was the Reli£l of Sir Nevil Catalyne, after whofe Death it 
defcended to the Heirs of Tho?nas Lcman, of Wenhajlon^ 
Efq; in whorn it now is. 

At the South weft Corner of the Church-yard the Exe- 
cutors of Sir John Wingfield eredled a College about the 
Year 1362, for a Provoft or Mafter, and feveral Priefts : 
Jt was dedicated to St. Mary, St. John Baptijl, and St. An- 
drew, and was valued at the Suppreflion at 50/. 3^. 5^^^. 
and was granted by K. Edw.Yl. to the Bifhop oi Norwich, 
probably jn exchange for fome Manor taken from him. 

WoR LING WORTH. Biftiop Jlfric gave this Lordfhip 
and Church to Bury Abbey ; and the Manor and Advow- 
foD of the Redory were granted in 31 Henry VIU. to 


172 Hundred ^Hartismere. 

Jnthony Reus. John Major, Efqj is now Lord of the 


H A R T I S M E R E. 

■ARTl S MERE Hundred is bounder' on the 
Eajl, by the Hundred oi Hoxne \ on the lyej^t by 
Blackhourn ; on the North, by the River IFaveney, which 
parts it from Norfolk ; and, on the Souths by the Hundreds 
of Bof/iiere, Claydon and ^tou). It contains the following 

AsPALL, is fituatcd at the Head of the River Dehen : 
'Yhe Kali was formerly the Seat of the noble Family of 
Brooks, Lords Cohham : Ed?nund Brock Lord Cobham, died 
29 May, 4 Edward IV. feifed of the Manors of Herde- 
burgh and Afpall, in Com. Suff. but this laft is now vefled 
in the Rev. Mr. Chevalier, who hath his Seat here. The 
Church feems' to have belonged flrft to the Prior and 
Convent of Cajileacre, and to have come afterwards to the 
Prior and Convent of Butley ; for the Impropriation was 
granted as Parcel of the Polfeffions of Butley, to Francis 
Framlingham, 34 Henry VIII. but Sir Charles Gawdy ge- 
neroufly fettled it upon the Miniftcr for the Time being 
for ever. 

Bacton, was the Lordrtiip and Dcmefne of the Bifhop 
of A'!5r7wVZ' till about the Year 15 35, when it was given 
up to King Hetn-y VIII. who, probably, granted it to the 
Duke of Norfolk ; for J. D. 1 558, the Duke of Norfolk 
conveyed the Manors^ Ballon and CottMi to Sir fohn 
Tyrcll, of Gipping, in exchange for the Manor of Banham 
\n Norfolk. Here \s now a rieat Manfion built by George 

Pretymau, Efq; and is now the Seal -of . 

:i 0'.:. In 

Hundred <?/Hartismere. 173 

In the Year 1739 Hc7rry Hoivard died in this Parifli, aged 
Ninety-five Years, whofe Wife bare him a Daughter in 
the Fifty-eighth Year of her Age. 

BoTESDALE, or BoTULPHSD ALE, Is a long Tho- 
rough-fare Town \ but the greater Part of the Houfes, 
altho' fo called, Itand in Ridcngale inferior ; the Mo- 
ther Church to Botefdale, is Redgrave. There is a Market 
Weekly on Thurfday^ which was granted to the Abbey 
of Bury., as Lord of Redgrave with Botefdale, and Gifung- 
ham. (See Redgrave.) There is alfo a Fair yearly on 
Holy Thurfday ; but by the Charter of Hefiry 111. by whom 
it was granted, it is to be held on the Eve and Day of 
St. Botidphy viz. A'Iny 17 and 18. 

Here is a free Grammar School, founded by Sir Ni- 
cholas Bacon about the Year 1 576, and eflabiillied by 
Queen Elizzheiiys Letters-Patent. The Mafler and Ufher 
are to be eledled out of Bennet College Cambridge, where 
Sir iV/VZ»(j/flj was educated; and there is 20/. per Annum 
given by Sir Nicholas to the faid College for fix Scholars 
out of the faid School. It is faid Archbifhop Tcnnifon^ 
by his laft Will, gave fix Pounds yearly to thefe fix 
Scholars, At the Eafl-end of the School-Hcufe was for- 
merly aChauntry, built by 'John Sheriff., for the iienefit 
of his and his Wife's Soul j in which the School is now 

Breisworth. Sir R^ohert de Sacvill had the LordfLjps 
of Breifworth., Cotton and Brachford, in Suffolk, in the 
Time oi Henry I. probably Breifworth, Cotton., and Brock- 
ford. Earl CornvjaUis has this Lordfhip and Advovvfon 

Broome, Here is a fine old ^.lanfion, which has Jong 
.fmce been the Seat of the noble Family c\' CornwalUs. 
This Family has furnifined the State with many worthy 
and refpedable M?n. Sir John Cor^nvalUs, of Broome- 


174 Hundred c/Hartismere. 

Hall, was knighted for his Courage and Conduit at the 
Siege of Marlaix in Britany ; and was made Steward of 
the Houfhold to Prince Edward^ who was afterwards 
King EdwardVl. His Son Sir Thomas being High-SherifF 
of Norfolk and Suffolk in the laft Year of Ediuard VI. 
raifed confiderable Forces againft the Oppofers of Queen 
Adarfs Title, and by their Afliftance, fet her on the 
Throne of her Anceftors : He was promoted by Queen 
Mary to be Piivy Counfellor, Treafurer of Caillce, and 
Comptroller of her Houfliold. A fecond Sir Thomas Corn- 
iva'lis was Ambailador to the King of Spain in the Reign 
of James I. and Mr. Cottington^ afterwai ds Lord Cotting- 
ton, was his Secretary: From him defcended Frederick 
Cormvallis of Broome^ who was created a Baronet 4 May.^ 
1627 : He fufFered much in the great Rebellion by the 
Sequeftration of his Eftate, and the Imprifonment of hfs 
Perfon : He attended the King in all his Wars ; and in 
particular at the Battle of Copr cdy- Bridge ^ againft Sir 
iyiUia?n Waller^ he rcfcued a General Officer, who was 
fallen into the Hands of the Rebels. King Charles II. in 
reward of his Merit, not only made him Treafurer of his 
Houfhold, Comptroller and Privy Counfellor, but created 
him a Baron of this Realm in 1661, by the Stile of Lord 
CornwalHs^ of Eye. To him fuccceded Charles Lord Corn- 
vjallis, who was one of the Lords of the Admiralty, and 
Lord Lieutenant of the County of Suffolk in the Reign of 
King IFilliam III. His Son Charles Lord Cornzvallis was 
Poftmafter-General of England, and Paymafter of the 
Army in the Reign oi K.\r,gGeorgel. He left nine Sons 
and one Daughter : His eldeft Son Charles was by his 
late Majefly King George II. advanced to the Dignity of 
an Earl, by the Style of Lord Vifcount Broome and Earl 
Cornwallis^ and was in the Reign of King George III. 
Conftahle of the Tower of London^ and one of his Ma- 
jefty's moft Honourable Privy Council j and the fine old 
Seat, together with the Lordfhip of Broome, is now vefted 
in his Son the prefent Earl Cornivallis. There 

Hundred c/Hartismere. 175 

There were formerly two Medietles In the Church of 
Broome ; the Prior of Thctford was Patron of one, and 
Mr. Calthorp Patron of the other. They were confoli- 
dated J. D. 1448, and Earl Cornwallis prefents. 

Brockford. See before Breifworth. Some Part of 
this formerly belonged to Bury Abbey. It is a Hamlet 
of IVethertngfctt, 

BuRGATE, formerly the Lordfhip of Sir William de 
Burgate, who refided in this Parifh, and lies buried under 
a very good Tomb in the Chancel. This Lordfhip, and 
alfo the Advowfon of the Church, are now veiled in 
Rowland Holt^ Efq. 

Cotton. JPlU'iam de la Pole died feifed of this Manor 
28 Henry VI. It came afterwards to the Duke oi Norfolk^ 
who, A. D. 1558, affigned it to Sir John Tyrell, 

The Country hereabouts feems to be remarkably 
healthy, if we may judge by the Longevity of the Inha- 
bitants j for in the Year 1739, the Widow of one Dr. 
ElUsy a Prailitioner in Phyfick, died in the Ninetv-fifth 
Year of her Age ; and, fince that, one IFocds died in this 
Parifh, aged One Hundred and Tv/o Years. 

Eye, is fituated in a Bottom, and is a Towm Corpo- 
rate, governed by two Bailiffs, ten principal Burgefles, 
and twenty-four Common Council-men : It enjoys divers 
Privileges nov/, but they were more extenfive formerly ; 
they are faid to have reached even to the Gates of York, 
It fends two Members to Patliam.ent, is faid to have been 
a Borough before the Reign of King yohn, and to be 
called in old Writings the Town and Borough of Jye ; 
but it did not fend Members to Parliament before the 
1 3th Year of Qiieen Eiizd'eth. This Town is improved 
in its Buildings of late Years, but from its Situation it is 
2 dirty. 

176 Hundred <?/"Hartismere. 

dirty. There is a fmall Market Weekly 011 Saturdays^ 
and one Fair Yearly on J Vliitfon- Monday. 

Robert Mallet^ a Norman Baron, whoii: Father came in 
with the Conqueror, obtained of him the Lordfhip oi Eye, 
with all the Appendages of it : He being poflefled of this 
Lordfhip built the Caftle here, near the Weft-end of the 
Church J feme of the ruinous Walls of which are ftill to 
be feen. But this Robert was deprived of the Lordfhip 
2.nd Howox o^ Eye hy Henry], and it was given by him 
to Stephen Earl of Bologne^ v.ho was afterwards King of 
England. He left it to his natural Son ; but, he dying 
without Heirs, it reverted to the Crown. Ricbardl. gave 
it to Henry the fifth Earl of Brabant and Lorain } yet it 
was in the King's Hands 9 Edward II. and fo continued, 
until Edward Ml. granted it to John of Elthmny Earl of 
Cornijcall ; but he dying without Iflue, the fame King 
granted it to Robert de Vffcrd, whom he had lately made 
Earl of Suffolk. The Honor and Manor of Eye Sokemere 
belongs now, but not in that vaft Extent v»hich Robert 
Mallet had it in, to the Right Hon. Earl Cormvallis. There 
is alfo another confiderable Manor in this Town, called 
Netherhall in Eye, belonging to Sir John Rous, Bart, and 
another Manor called Eye Priory, belonging to . 

On the Eaft-fide of the Town appear the Ruins of a 
Benedi^line Monaliery, founded by the faid Robert Mallet, 
who gave it to the Church of St. Peter in Eye, with divers 
other Churches, Lands, cif^. No fooner were the Foun- 
dations of this Houfe laid, than it found confiderable Be- 
nefaflors ; for Ranulph deGlanville, one of the Barons [fo 
Lords of Manors were then called) oi Robert Mallet, Chief 
Lord of the Honor of Eye, gave it his Houfe in Jakejly. 
Hi(b(rt de Momheafy gave about the fame time, his ovvrJ 
Houfe in the fame Place. If'^illiam Earl of Bologne con- 
firmed to thefe Monks the Lordlliip of Acol, (vt^e fuppofc 
Occohl) and Stoh. In the Reign of King Stephen all thefe 
Bencfsdions were confirmed to this Houfe, with a grievous 



Curfe upon the Violators of them. This Monaftery was 
at firft an alien Monaftery, fubordinate to the Abbey of 
Bernay in Normandy^- whole Abbots were the Patrons of 
this at Eye ; and in token of their Dominion, during the 
Vacancy of a Prior, they ufed to place a Porter at the 
Gate, to be maintained out of the Houfe j and who, at 
thelnftalmciit of the next Prior, was to receive Fi-.e Shil- 
lings to buy him an Ox. But it was made Denifon by 
YJxng Richard l\. and granted at the DifTolution, when it 
was valued at i6i/. 2s. 2,7:^'' ^^^'^'^ of Reprifes, to 
CharlesT)yxkQ of Suffolk. This is alfo now the Eftate of 
the Right Hon. Earl CornivdUs. 

Finning HA M-iiTfl//, is the Seat and Lordfhip of Ed- 
xvard Frerc^ Efq. Here is a confiderable Fair for Cattle^ 

GiSLiNGHAM. The Manor-Seat called Swatfal-Hall, 
was lately re-built by Charles Beddhigfeld, Efq; but Part 
of the Lands in this Parifh hold of the Manor of Rufhcs 
and Jenneys^ which belong to RovJand Holt, Efq. There 
is a School here. 

Mellis, is the Lordfhip of Roivland Holt, Efq. 

Mendlesham, is a dirty Town; for which //^^/> 
Fitz-Otho procured the Privilege of a Market and Fair 
from King Edwardl. The Market is on TuefdayWctk- 
ly, and the Yearly Fair on September 21. The Lordlliip 
of this Town has for fome time been vefted in the Family 
of Duke, and now belongs to EdmundTyrell, Efq. King 
William Rufus gave the Church of Mendlfyam with An- 
drejhn, to the Abbot and Convent of Battel in SuJJex, who 
had the Impropriation and Advowfonof the Vicarage until 
the Diilblution. 

N Oakley. 

178 Hundred c/Harttsmere. 

Oakley. Here were formerly two Churches andPa- 
rifties ; Great Oakley.^ dedicated to St. Nicholas ^ and Little 
Oakley^ dedicated to St. Andreiv : They were confolidated 
27 Got. 1449. The Lordfhip is in Earl Cortiwallis. 

OccoLD. The Manor of Occolde belongs to Milcfon 
Edgar ^ Efq; alfo here are two other Manors belonging 
to the Malyn Family. 

Palgrave. The Lordfhip of the Abbot of Bury^ 
given thereto by Earl IVolfJlan^ and others. In the Weft 
Part of this Parifli was a Chapel of St. */<?/;« Bapti/t, fub- 
ordkiate to the Abbey of Bury^ where five fecular Priefts 
had their Refidence, and faid Mafs daily. The Manors 
of Palgrave and Fcnboufe in this Parifh, are now vcfted in 
Earl Cornwallis. \ 

Redlingfield, is chiefly memorable for a Monaflery 
of BenediSiine Nuns, founded by Manajfes de Gratia Earl 
oi Guifnes^ und Efmfi a his Wife, J.D. 11 20, and en- 
dowed by them with the Manor of this Parifii. This 
Houfe was valued upon the Diflblution at 67/. i'^. It 
was granted 28 HemyYUl. to Edmwd Bcddifigfjcld, which, 
lamily enjoyed it till it was fold to Jolm JViilis^ Elq^, 
who now hath it. 

Redgrave, was anciently the Lordfliip of the Abbotr 
of Bury^ to whom it was given by Ulfketel Earl of EajU 
England. It was granted by He7ny VIII. in the laft Year 
of his Reign to Thomas Darcy, from whom it came Ihort- 
ly into the Family of the Bacons. Sir Nicholas Bacony 
Lord-Keeper, made it his Seat ; and his Defcendant Sir 
JSichoU's Bacotu of Rsdgravc^ was created by K. "James I. 
the firft Baronet in England^ 22 Juncy 161 1. The late 
^\'c Edmund Bacon removed to Garhoidijham in Nzrfclky 
and fold this Kllate to Sir John Holty Lord Chief Juftice 
'^i the King's-Bcnch ; in whpfe Family it now is, being 
7 the 

Hundred c/Hartismere. 179 

the Seat oi Rowland Holt ^ Efq; one of the Reprefentatives 
in Parliament for this County. 

Thomas Wolfey Chaplain, afterwards the famous Car- 
dinal and Archbifliop of York., was inftituted to the Rec- 
tory o'i Redgrave .y 8 'June 1506, upon the Prefentation of 
the Abbot and Convent of Bury. This Church, for beau- 
tiful Monuments, may vie with that of any other Village 
in England. There are feveral to the Memory of the 
ancient and honourable Family of the 5<?tw;5; particularly 
in the Right-Ifle is the Effigies of Sir Nicholas Bacon and 
his Lady, raifcd on a Tomb, which for Beauty of Marble 
is very fine. In the Chancel is the Effigies of Lord Chief 
Juftice Holt, fitting in his Chair and drelied in his Robes, 
which, as it is faid, coft 1500/. 

Near this Parifh is Lopham Gate, where is a great na- 
tural Curiofity ; for two Springs rife, one on each Side of 
the Gate ; and one of thefe running Eaftward forms the 
River /F«W7?9', v>7hich emptieth itfelf at 2'^//-ff2o«/;6 ; the 
other running Weftward forms the little Oufc, which 
emptieth itfelf into the Sea at Lynn. But the chief Spring- 
head of the Oufe rifes at JVhattisfcld, and joins this bpring 
about a Mile Weft from Lopham Gate. 

Rick. JKGALE-fupcrlor. The Manor of Faccr.'s Hall'ia 
this Parifli, is now vefted in Rozvlar.d Holi^ Eiqj 

RiSHANGLES. The Manor and Advov.'fon of the Rec- 
tory belonged to the Nunnery of Rediingf.ehl^ and were 
granted as Parcel of the Fofieffions of that Koufe to 
JVilliam Honing and Nicholas Cutler, 4 and 5 Philip and 
Mary. They now belong to the Right Flonourable 
Lord Orwell. 

SxoKE-y^^j. This Manor was given to the Priory of 
Eye by the Founder, and granted 28 Henry VIW to Ed- 
mund Bedingfield. Thomas Tyrei Bokenhajn, Efq; hath the 
Manor now. Another Manor here, called Stoke Hall, 
N 2 with 

1 8a Hundred <?/ 1 1 a r t i s m e r e. 

with Thorpe^ late in Charles KillcgreiVy Efq; is now vefted 
in John Alajor^ Efq. 

Stuston. The Hall is a gorxl old Seat, and did be- 
long to the knightly Family of the Cajiletons ; after that 
to the Marlots ; then it was purchafcd by SainuelTravcrfiy 
Efq; and the l>uftees of the faid Samuel are now Lords 
of the Manor of Hugh Margarets^ and Earl Cornivallis 
is Lord of Boylands Beauchamps, and Fancons. The Manor 
of Faiuons in Stujion, was granted as Part of the PofiTelTions 
of the Nuns o^Flixton to John Eyre, ^GHen.VUl. and moft 
of this Village was Church-Land before the Reformation. 
The middle Part of the Hall was built by Bifliop A7;*-, the 
two Wings are of later Date. There was an Oratory on 
the North-fidc of the Chancel, dedicated to St. Katharine ; 
and the Field adjoining Northward to the Church-yard 
called GoL'Sy was tied for the Payment of Three Shillings 
yearly, to fupply the Lamp of the Virgin Mary with Oil, 

Thorndon. Edmund ¥.:x\\ of Cornwal died feifed 29 
Edward I. and Robert de Uj^ord died feifed of the Manor 
of Thorndene 43 Edivard III. V/lUmn de la Pole had it 
when he was put to Death, 2^ HefiryVl. It is now 
Yefted in Rowland Holt, Efq; and hath Jurifdiclion of 
Courts-Leet within the Parifhes of Occolt, Rijljangles^ and 

TnoVi'iiYi AM- Magna J late the Lordfhip of Charles 
Killegrew^ Efq; defcendcd from the famous Killcgrew in 
the Time of King Charles the Second. This Ellate, and 
a good Seat there are now veficd in J:hn Alajcr, Efqj 
Member for Scarborough. 

T H o R N H A M .Par'na. 

Ti-IR ANDisTON. This Place in former Accounts has 
keen miftakcn ioxThurfton in Tl::du:aftre Hundred, called 


Hundred ^/ Ha rt i s me r e. i8l 

anciently Thurjianefion (fee the Account there). For 
Tbrandifton Fair is on the Feaft of St. Margaret^ and not 
of St. Mary Magdalene^ which was the Day of the Fair 
granted to Thurjlanejlon. William Sin'ith^ of Thctford, 
died poflefled of the iVlanor of Welholmcs in Ihrandijhn^ 
A. D. 1622 ; and the Hall in this Parifh doth now be- 
long to Sheppard Fr ere, ]^{(^\ the Grandfon of TImnas 

Thwaite. This Village was honoured with the Re- 
fidence of the Family of Reeve. Sir George Wright, alias 
Reeve, was created a Baronet 22 Jan. 1661. This Fa- 
mily is extinct ; but the Manor and Eftate were lately 
vefted in John Sheppard^ Efq: who married the Countefs 
Dowager of Leicejicr, a Daughter of Sir Robert Reeve, 
Bart. The Lady of Sir Samuel Pri'me has this Eftate 
for her Life, and t,he Reverfion is in John Shepherd^ of 
Campfey-AJh, Efq. Here are two Fairs, one on 10 June, 
the other November 15. 

Westhorp. Robert de Blundhad this when Domef- 
day Survey was taken. IFilliam de Ellingham, or Elmham, 
had the Grant of a Market and Fair here ^6 Edward III. 
or 1 37 1. Sit Willia/n de Elmham, K.i\t. died poffeired of 
this Manor, J. D. 1403, and kft it to his Wife Elizabeth, 
who died here in 14 19, and was buried by her Hufband 
in Bury Abbey. William de la Pole died feifed of the Ma- 
nor of WeJihorp-VidM, when he was beheaded 28 Hen.Vl. 
or 144.8. By the Ruins of this Hall it feems to have 
been a noble Strudure, and it was afterv/ards granted to 
Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. This Eftate has been 
for a long time in the Family of the Sheltons, from whom 
it pafled to Thomas Taylor, Efq; and is now vefted in 
John ReiUy, Efq. 

Wetheringsett. The Lord fhip of this Town did 

anciently belong to the Bifliop or Church of Ely^ given to 

N 3 iit. 

i82 Hundred of Hartismere. 

St. Etkeldred in Edward the ConftfTor'sTimc by Tljur/Ian; 
but now it belongs to the Right Hon. Lord Maynard. 
Richard Hackluyt^ Prebendary of Wejlyninjier^ who wrote 
Englijh Voyages, iSc. in 1598, was Redor of this 

Wickham-Skeith. Robert dc SackvUky Lord of this 
Place, gave the Manor to St. Jofrns Abbey in ColchcJIer, 
in the Time of Henry I. and the faid Manor with the 
Redlory and Advov/fon of the Vicarage were granted as 
Parcel of the Pofleflion of that Abbey to Richard Frefton^ 
34 Henry VIIL The Manor of Wi:kham-Y{?\\ with the 
Redlory and Advowfon of the Vicarage, are now vefted 
in Sir Armine Wcodhonfe^ Bart, in Right of his Lady, who 
was a Daughter of the late Sir Edmund Bacon^ of Garbol- 
dijham : And the Farm called the Jbbey^ was in the Har- 
veys, by whom it was fold to Richard Canning, of Ipfwich^ 
Efq; in 1716 i and now continues in his Heirs, 

Worth AM, A.D. iiyi, Giles de Wachejham had this 
Manor, and Hugo de Creping held Part of Blomvilcs in 
Deopham Norfolk^ of the faid Giles, as of the Manor of 
Wortham in Suffolk. A.D. 1358, ^\x Robert deWacheJhatn 
had the Manor and the Advowfon of one Mediety of the 

One Manor here called Wcrtham, late the Mots, is 
now vcfted in Roidand Holt, Efq; and another Manor 
called Wortham-\{2\\, in Edmund Jenney, Efq. The Ad- 
vowfon of the Church of IVortham is in Moieties ; one of 
which was lately in Barnaby Gibfcn, Efq; who fold it to 
Mr. Holt, who before was ponefled of the other Moiety. 

Wyverston. Gilbert de Bland had this Lordfliip in 
the Time of f William the Conqueror. Willi a?n de la Pole 
died feifed of it 28 Henry VI. The Tenants of this 


Hundred of Ha rti s m er e, 183 

Manor enjoy feveral Privileges, faid to be granted by the 
Dukes of Suffolk. It is now vefted in the Right Rev. 
Jdm (Ewer) Bilhop of Landaff^ by Marriage of Eli%a~ 
heth^ one of the Coheirefles of Tlmnas Barnard'if.rjny 



[ i84 ] 

^»»Twn— »agaiijjfc#% 


rHREDLING Hundred lieth South-Eaji of Har- 
tijinere j and contauis only five Parifhes, and one 
Hamletj viz. 

AsHFiELD. The Church is now in Ruins : The Ma- 
nor and Impropriation did belong to the Priory of But/ey^ 
and were granted 34 Henry Vill. to Frattch Framlingham : 
They now belong to "JaMcs Bridges^ Efq . 

Debenham, is fo called from the River Dehcn^ which 
rifes near jt. The Country round this Town is very deep 
and dirty, but the Town itfelf is clean, ftanding on a 
riling Hill. The Church is a good Building. Sir Robert 
Hitcham, by his Will, ordered that Twenty poor Chil- 
dren of the Pariih of Dchcnha^n^ fhould be taught at his 
School at Framlingham j which being impoilible, an Or- 
dinance was obtained from Oliver Cromwell^ for a School 
and Maintenance of a Schoolmafter at Debenham^ out of 
the Eftate of the faid Sir Robert Hitcham. In confequence 
whereof 20/. per Ann. was appointed for a Mafter atZ>^- 
henham. Here is a mean Market on Fridays, and a Fair 
June 24. 

The Manor, Impropriation and Advowfon of the Vi- 
carage did belong to the Priory of Butley, and were granted 
by Henry VllL A.D. 1542, to Francis Framlingham y 
from whom they came about the Year 1600 to the Gaudysy 
who had their Seat at Crows-HAX^ in this Parifli. Sir 
Qharles Gaudy, of Crows-HaW was created a Baronet 20 
Jpril 1661. From the Gaudy s they came by Purchafe 


Hundred of Thredling. 185 

to John Pitty Efq; and from the Piiis by Purchafe like- 
wife to James Bridges, of Bealings, Efq; who now pof- 
fefles them. 

Mr. Bridges hath alfo the contiguous Manors of Scot- 
nctts and Bloodhall. 

The Prior and Convent of Ely had Pofleflions here in 
the Time of Edward the Confefibr. 

Bcfides the Manors before-mentioned, here are alfo 
two others, t//wr/?o«-HaIl and Sackvyl's^ which the Cor-' 
poration of Ipfwich hold by the Will of Henry Tooley (who 
died in 1551) for charitable Ufes. 

Framsden. Roger de Montealto or Monthalt^ paid a 
Fine to Ipfwich in King John'^ Time, for Freedom from 
Toll for his Villains in Framfdcn j and Roger Montealto 
(died 25 Edward I. feifcd of the Manor of Framfden in 
Suffolk, leaving his Brother Robert his Heir j v/ho, for 
want of IfTue, fettled this Manor i Edw. III. upon Ifabel^ 
Mother to the King, for Life ; and, after her Deceafe, to 
John Eltham, Brother to the King, and his Heirs for ever. 
The Church was impropriated about 20 Edward 111. to 
the Minorefles without Aldgate, -London. They both be- 
long to the Right Hon. the Earl of Dyfart. Here is a 
Yearly Fair upon Afcenfion-Vizy, 

PETTAUGH.This Manor belonged formerly XaLeiJlon- 
Abbey, and was granted 28 Henry VIII. to Charles Bran- 
don Duke of Suffolk. It is now, with the Advowfon of 
the Church, veiled in Bennct, of Bath, Efq; 

Thorp, is a Hamlet of Ajlifield, and belongeth to 
James Bridges, Efq; 

Winston. One Manor and the Impropriation of this 
Church, with the Advowfon of the Vicarage belongeth 
to the Dean and Chapter of Ely. But there is another 
Manor which belonged formerly to the Nuns oiBrufyard^ 
And was granted 30 Henry VIII. to 'Nicholas Hare. 


[ is^] 


THE Hundred of Stow is bounded on the Ncrth 
by Hartifmere ; on the IVeJi by Blackbourn and 
Thredwajhe ; on the South and Eqjl by Cosford, 
Bofmere, and Claydon Hundfeds. 

BuxHALL, was theEftate of Bartho. de Burgherjh^ 23 
Edward III. It is moft remarkable as the Birth-place of 
Sir JViUiam Copp'mger, Lord-Mayor of London, A. D. 
1 512. At his Death he gave half his Eftate to charitable 
Ufes, and half to his Relations, who lived here in plen- 
tiful Circumflances. 

Combs, in 43 King Edward III. was the Lordfhip of 
Robert de Ufford ; then it came into the Family of JVil- 
loughhys Lords of Ere/by ; and from them to Charles Bran- 
don Duke of Suffolk, who married the Heirefs of the other 
Family : It came afterwards into the Poireflion of the 
Dandys. It was for fome Time the Seat of the Br'idgmans, 
WilliajH Bridgman (Son of the Right Rev. the Lord Biftiop 
of Chejier, who was Brother of Sir Orlando, Keeper of the 
Great Seal in the Reign of King Charles II.) was Clerk 
of the Council in the Reigns of King Charles II. King 
'James II. King JVilliam and Queen Mary. His Son 
Orlando Bridgman, Efq; rebuilt the Hall j which, after 
his Death, was fold to Mr. Crowley; and by his Heirs 
not long fince pulled down. 

Another Manor here was granted to Dartford Nun- 
nery ; and afterwards in 35 King Henry VIII. to Sir 
Richard Grefoum, Knt. 


Hundred o/Stow. 187 

Chilton, is now a Hamlet of Stow. 

Greeting St. Peter ^ or Wejl-Creetlng, is a Re£lory 
in this Hundred : The three other Creetwgs are in the 
Hundred of Bofmere. The Manor and Advowfon of this 
Church were very lately vefted in the Heirs of JVlr. 
Glover^ of Frojlendcn ; and the Manor is now vefted in 
Mr. Brograve. See Hundred of Bofmere and Claydon, 

Dagworth, is a Hamlet of Newton. JFilUayn Lord 
Fiirnival married Thomafmey Daughter of Sir JoJm ds 
Dagworth^ and thereby obtained this Manor ; he died 
feifed of it 6 Richard II. Thomas Nevil, Brother to Ra/ph 
Earl of lFeJlmorla7idy having married Joan the Heir of 
the faid Lord Furnhal, had Livery of this Manor jRic. li. 
and William de la Pole died feifed of it 28 Henry VI. 

Exning, or IxNiNG, a Village fituated in the very 
utmoft Bounds of this County towards Cambridge/hire^ is 
with Newmarket reckoned in this Hundred of Stow. It 
was formerly of greater Note than it is at prefent. It is 
faid, here Ethelreda Daughter of King Anna,, was born. 
Here Ralph Earl of the Eajl-Angles confpired againft 
William the Conqueror ; and from hence Harvey^ firfl: 
Bifhop of Ely made a Way to Ely \ and in digging thro' 
Devil's Dyke near Ixning fome Pieces of ancient Coins 
■were found j but now it is a Town of no Note. King 
William Rufus gave the Church of Exelinges, in the Dio- 
cefe of Norwich^ to the Abbey of Battel in Sujpx j and 
the Redory and Advowfon of the Vicarage of Exning in 
Sufolk were granted to the Dean and Chapter of Canter- 
bury 33 Henry VIII. as Part of the PofleiTions of Battel 
Abbey. Elizabeth^ the Wife of John Lord Comyn^ and 
afterwards the Wife of Richard Talbot ^ being one of the 
Heirs of Audemere de Faience, 1 8 Edward II. as her Pur- 
party, inter alia^ had the Manor of Ixning in Suffolk. 


i88 Hundred c/Stow. 

Great FiNBOROUGH. The Defcendants of Ranulf 
Glanvile gave Pofleflions here to ihe Piior and Convent 
of Butley^ who had the Redlory and Advovvfon of the 
Vicarage till the DifTolution ; but j1. D. J 559, they were 
granted to the Bi(hop of £"/;-, in Exchange. The Manor 
was ^ Edward \l. in Ralph Lord Pipard. JViUiafn Wol- 
bjion^ Efq; hath a fine Seat in this Parifh, which hath 
been greatly improved by him. 

Little FiKBOROUGH. This Church was impropriated 
to Br'uet Priory, and given with that to King's College, 

GiPPiKG, is a Hamlet of Keivton-, it hath its Name 
from its Situation near the Rife of one of thofe Springs, 
which form the River Gippen. It is chiefly noted for be- 
ing the Refidence of the Family of Tyreil. They are 
defccnded from Sir Walter Tyreil, Knt. who held the 
Lordfhip o{ Langham in EJfex, at the Time of the general 
Survey. William Tyreil, of Gipping, was the fecond Son 
of Sir Walter Tyreil, who was the eighth Knight in a 
lineal Defcent from Sir Walter firfl named. He was the 
Father of James Tyreil, Captain of Guifnes in France^ in 
the Reign of King Henry VII. and from him is defcended 
the prefcnt Proprietor of Gippi/ig, now a Minor. 

Halston, or Harleston. The Manor and Advow- 
fon of the Redory were granted, as Parcel of the Poffef- 
fions of Butley Priory, to Charles Vifcount Lijle, 31 
Henry Vlil. 

Haughley, is varioufly written in old Records : 
Near the Church arc the Remains of a very flrong Caftle, 
which was, moft probably, a Saxo?iWork, It is of a Fi- 
gure inclining to a Square, fortified v/ith a deep Ditch or 
Moat, and (except on the North-fide) a Rampire propor- 

Hun D R E D tf/ Stow. 189 

tionable, and ftill entire. Towards the North upon a 
high artificial Hill, furrounded alfo with a deep Moat, and 
of fteep Afcent, flood the Keep, or flrong Tower ; the 
Foundation of which, now remaining, is of great Thick- 
nefs, and in a manner circular. On the Weft-part is a 
pretty large Spot of Ground, in Form refembling an ob- 
long Square, which feems to have been an Out-work of 
the Cafile j the Eaft-fide thereof abuts upon the Moats 
ibeforementioned, and is fomewhat irregular. The North 
and Weft Sides are re6Lar!gular, and encompafted with a 
lefier Moat ; as was, perhaps, the South-end, or Side ; 
tho' there is now no appearance of it. The Ground 
which thefe feveral Works take up, and the Areas they in- 
clofe, amount in the whole to upwards of feven Acres, 
This, without doubt, was called Hageneth-CziHQ^ which 
was in theCuftody of Ralph de Broc, and was demoliilied by 
Roheri Earl of LeiceJIer^ 13 0£i. 1 1 73. (See Fornhaniy in 
ThedwaJIre.) This Caftle afterwards belonged to the 
■de Ujfords, Earls of Suffolk ; the laft of whom is faid to 
have died feifed of it 43 Edward III. The prefent 
Proprietor is Richard Ray, Efq. 

The Manor and Park were the Eftate of C/^j/jr/w Brandon 
Duke of Suffolk, and came to the Crown by Purchafe or 
Exchange with him. Afterwards they were granted to Sir 
John Sulyard, of V/etherden. (See p. 193.) The Manor 
is very large and extenfive : The Lord of it had for- 
merly a Jurifdiition of Oyer and Terminer, trying all 
Caufes in his own Court. At a Court holden i^Edtu. IV". 
the Lands, Tenements, ^c, of John Buxton of Stow, 
were feifed ; for that he had vexed one WiUlam Turner 
by the Writ of our Lord the King, contrary to the ancient 
Cuftom of the Manor, that no Tenant ftiould profecute 
any other Tenant, in any Court faving this. And there 
are other like Inftances, fo late as the eleventh Year 
of Queen Ellzobeth. 

At another Court in the fame Year it was ordered, that 
the Abbot of Halei in Gloucejlerjhirs^ to whom the Pa- 


190 Hundred of Stow. 

rifhcs o( Haughley and Shelland were impropriated, (hould- 
cred a new Pair of Gallows in Liiberlow-Y\c\di in Haughley, 
under the Penalty of Forty Shillings. And, in the 8th 
Year of King Edward IV. JViUiatn Baxteyn held certain 
Lands by the Service of finding a Ladder for the Lords 

This was an ancient Market-Town, out of the Ruins 
of which Stow feems to have rifen. For in 3 Edward IV. 
William Hoxon of Stow, was fined, for lying In wait near 
the Town oi Haughley, and buying Chickens, Eggs, b'V. 
And in 31 HenryWW. the Butchers of Stow were amerced 
3i. \d. becaufe they fold the Meat out of the Market on 
a Market-day, contrary to the Cuftom of this Manor. 
In the Year following the Amercement was advanced to 
6 s. Sd. but the Market hath been long difufed. Here 
is a Fair Yearly on A/(g!{/i 15, being the Afiumption of 
the Virgin J^^r;'; to whom the Church is dedicated. 

New-market, at the Extremity of the County, is 
a well-built Thorough-fare Town, confifting chiefly of 
one long Street, fo fituated that the AV^/;-fide of the 
Street is in Suffolk, and the South-^xd^ in Cambridgejhire. 
There are two Churches, St. Mary\ in Suffolk, and All- 
Saints in Cambridgejhire. His Majefty hath a Houfe here 
for his Refidence during the Races ; and there are many 
good modern Houfes built by Noblemen and Gentlemen, 
who delight in Horfe-courfuig, and fometimes condefcend 
to countenance that Sport v/ith their Prefence. 

There are two annual Fairs, one on the Tuefday In 
JFhitfun-WetV; the other O^lcbcr 2S. Here is alfo a, 
good Market on Tuefdays ; and a Free-School, which was 
endowed by King6'/W/<?5 II. The Town is fupported 
not by Merchandife or xManufa6lures of any Kind, but by 
its Situation upon a confiderable Road, and by the Com- 
pany which frequent the Horfc-Races on the neighbour- 
ing Heath. 


Hundred of St o^. 191 

About two Miles IFeJf .' of the Town is the DevlVs' 
Dyke, by the Vulgar fo called, who readily afcribe to him 
what they cannot account for. It is alfo called Reche- 
Dyke, from a little Market-Town at the Beginning of it. 
From Reche it crofies the Heath near to SticHvorth. It 
was formerly the Boundary between the Eajl- Angles and 
the Mercians ', and is now the Boundary between the Bi- 
fhopricks of Norwich and Ely. It is uncertain who was 
the Founder of fo great a Work ; fome afcribe it to King 
Canute, but that cannot be true; for Jbbo^ who men- 
tioned it, died before Canute began his Reign : Befides, 
the Purpofe for which he is faid to have done it, was far 
from being equivalent to the Expence of fuch a Work, 
viz. as a Mark beyond which the King's Purveyors were 
not to come towards Bury. It is moft probable, it was 
caft up in the Reign of King Edmund \ for Matthew Flo- 
rilegus declares, that the Battle againft Ethelwolf was 
fought between St. Edmund's two Ditches. The other 
Ditch is about five Miles farther towards Cambridge, now 
called Seven-mile Dyke j formerly Fleam Dyke. 

Newton. Margaret Pole, Mother of Cardinal Poie^ 
and Countefs of Salijburj, who was beheaded in the 
Seventieth Year of her Age, died feifed of Newton-HdM 
in Suffolk, then valued at 17 A per Ann. See Stow. 

Onehouse, probably belonged formerly to the Wey- 
lands ; it was certainly the Eftate of Bartholofnew Burg- 
herjh, for he died feifed of it 43 Ediv, III. See Witnejham, 

Shelland, was the Lordfhip of the Bourchiersy Earls 
of EJfcx ; from whom it defcended to the Family of Deve- 
reiix, and was fold in 1591 by that great, but unhappy 
Favourite of Queen Elizabeth, Robert Dcvcreux, Earl of 
Effex. The Manor of Rockylls in Shelland, formerly be- 
longed to xSx^ Drurys ; a Family of great Note in this 
County. Thefe Munors, with their Demefnes, are now 
the Eftate of Richard Ray, Efq. Stow- 

192 Hundred of Stow. 

Stowmarket, is fo called to diftinguifli it from 
Stoivlantoft^ S toiv -Upland y fVeJl-Stoiv^ &c. and ftands very 
near the Centre of the County ; but Needham is fome- 
thing nearer it. It is alfo fituated near the Jundlion of 
the three Rivulets, which form the River Gippcn. Thofe 
which rife near Gippir^ and TFcthcrdai v/a(h the jE'^-fide 
of the Town, and the other which rifes at Rattlcfden 
meets them on the South -Y.nl^ of the Town at Comh-Fcrd. 
The chief Ornament of this Town is the Church and 
Spire-fteeple. The Pariflies of Stoiv-markct and Stozu- 
uplandy are now confolidated ; but they have ftill diftiniSl 
Officers for each Parifli. K. Henryll. gave the Churches 
,0^ BJyhurgh and Stow-mnrket, with all the Chapels there- 
unto belonging, to the Abbey of Chick, or St. Ofyth, m 
EJfex ; and the Manor of Stow viarket, the Re6lory and 
Advowfon of the Vicarages, the Redory o( Newton, and 
the Advowfon of the Vicarage, and the Rcdlories or Im- 
propriations of Gipplng and Dagzvorth (Chapels of Nevj- 
ion) were granted 38 Henry VIII. as Parcel of the Poffef- 
fions of St. Ofyth, to Thomas Darcie. The Manor of 
Thorney near Stow-tnarket^ belonged to the Nuns of Ca7n- 
pejfe, and was granted 37 Henry VIII. to Thomas Duke 
of Norfolk ; and is now veiled in the Earl of Jerfey. 

Richard de Amourdcvil obtained a Grant of a Market 
and Fair here, 1 2 Edward III. The Market is on Thurf- 
day J and they have now two Fairs, one on fune 29, St. 
Peter's Day, to whom the Church was dedicated j the 
other is a Lamb F'air, on Lammas D^Y Aiigufl i. The 
Manor of Stozv-inarket, otherwife Jbhots-HzUy and the 
Fairs and Markets, are now veiled in JVillium Lynch of 
Jpjwieh, Elq. 

Wether DENT. Roger de Scales obtained a Grant of 
Free Warren here, 18 Edward I This Grant was con- 
firmed to John Sulyard, who v/as feifed of the faid War- 
ren 8 Edward IV. and confirmed again to John Stilyard 


Hundred of Stow." 193 

and Ann his Wife i Richard III. This was Judge Sulyard 
afterwards mentioned ; and his Lady was the Daughter 
of John Andrews^ of Bailharn * in Suffolk, by Elizabeth 
Scratton ; which Elizabeth was lineally defcended from 
Humfrey Bohiin, Earl of Hereford and Effcx^ by his Coun- 
tefs Elizabeth Paughter of King Edzvard I. We have 
lately received the following Account of this refpedable 
Family, which we fball infert pretty nearly in the "Words 
it was fent. 

In this Village Is a very neat Church, the Porch of 
which, and a very large lile continuing from thence to the 
Chancel, was built by Sir John Sulyard, of Wetherden- 
Hall ; which Sir John, in the Pedigree of the Sulyards, is 
called only a Judge ; but in the Baronetage of England, 
under the Title of Roits, is faid to have been Lord Chief 
Jujiice of England. Round the Porch and along to the 
Chancel on the Stones next above the Ground, are finely 
carved the Arms and Qiiarterings of this ancient Family, 
to the Time the Ifle was built. In this Parifh is the Place 
called Wether den-V{?i\\, which was the Seat and Refidence 
of the faid Sir John ; and, by the Ruins of it, appears to 
have been a very large and noble Building. It remained 
the Seat of this Family until the Re^gn of Qusen Mary^ 
and was at that time inhabited by Sir John Sulyard, the 
Defcendant of the firft-mentioned Sir John. This lad: 
Gentleman was a Soldier, and by the Memoirs now ex- 
tant in the Family, he appears to have been the firfl: who 
took Arms, and levied Men, in the Defence of his So- 
vereign, when fhe fled from the Ufurpation of Lady Jane 
Grey. The underwritten is the Mandate (in the very 


* The other Daughter of John Andre=vos, and Co-helrefs 
with Sir John Sulyard's Lady, married Tbotnas Wind/or, whofe 
Son Sir Andreivs ^Vindfor was afterwards created Lord Wind- 
I'nr. The Family of Andre-xvs remove^ their Seat ^o Bajlkam^ 

h-om Ipf'-vvkh. See p. 42. 


1^4 Hundred c/ Stow. 

Wcrds and Spelling of that Time) he carried from the 
Q^icen, when he guarded and protedlcd her Perfon in the 
Caftle of Framlifigham. 

*' Mary, the Queen, 
** Henry Bed'mgfielde, 

*' Theys ar to require and comaunde you to give mofl: 
** faythfuU and allured Orders to this Berer our truftie 
** and well-beloved Svient Suv John Sulyard; and in any 
*' wyfe as ye love us and tendre our Favor not to fayle 
** to accomplifh and putte in execution that which he 
*' fhall declare unto you from us to be our Pleafure, fo 
" fare ye hartylye well. From Ffrainjn. the 23 off "Jan^* 

So foon as the Qi^ieen was reftored to her Throne, fhe 
made a Grant to Sir John of the Park and Manor of 
Haughky, for the eminent Services he had done her; 
and he built the fine old Seat that is now {landing in the 
Park. This Gentleman lived until the 12th Year of 
Queen Elizabeth j and to him fucceeded his Son Edward^ 
who fuffcred much in this Reign for Rccufancy, both in 
his Perfon and Fortune : Having been a Prifoner a great 
Part of his Life, as appears by Tranfcripts from the Roll 
of Recufants. He was one of the firfl, if not the very 
jirji, who was convicted. And this is to be obferved to 
his Honour, that though he adhered, under every Difad- 
vantagc, to the Religion of his Anceflors, he held their 
I/oyalty as firmly evidenced, by his Denial of the Power 
of the See of Rome to dcpofc the Queen, in the following 
Declaration : *' I Edward Sulyarde^ of Suff. Efquier, doe 
*' acknowledge our mod: gratious Sov 'eigne Ladie Queene 
** Elizabeth, to be our undoubted lawful! and onlie Queene 
** o( Enghmde and Irlande, and no other forreyne Prince, 
*' notwithftandinge any Excommunication, under whofe 
*' Power are all Perfons both Ecclefiaflicall and Tem- 
*' porall, within any her Majefties Dominions. And alfo 
" by this doe maniLft myielfe bounden and readie, as 

*< becometh 

Hundred c/Stov;. 195 

*' becometh a true and duetifuU Subje£l, with Body, 
*' Lands and Goodds, to defend her Highnefs againft the 
** Force of any Prince, Pope, Potentate, Prelate, or what- 
«* otherfoever her Majefties Enemies, v/hich God graunte 
** {he may overcome, and longe contynue her profperous 
«' Raigne over us. Written in the xxiiijth of 0/^ober, 
«* 1588. 

*' By me Edwarde Sulyarde.'\ 

Declarations of the fame Tenor were figned by divers 
other Knights and Gentlemen, of the fame Communion ; 
among whom we muft not omit the Mention of Edward 
Rookwcody Efq; of this County, whofe Family is related 
to that of Sulyard; and the Heir of it now enjoys a fair 
Fortune at Coldham-HsW in Stanningfield, near Bury. 

The following Petition of this Gentleman and War- 
rant, by that great Minifter Walfwghamj will evince his 
Sufferings at that Time. 

«' To the Right Honourable the Lords of her Majefties 
" Mofte Honourable Privie Councell. 

*' In moft humble vnk befeecheth your Lordfhips your 
" humble Supplicant Edward Suliard, of TFetherden in 
*' the Countie of Suffolk^ Efquier. That whereas your 
" Supplicant, upon the Statute of Recufancie hath paid 
*' Seaventein hundred and thrcfcore Pounds, and yet is 
*' to paie into the Exchequour to her Majefties Ufe in 
*' Mighchnas Tearme, now next com.myng the Some of 
" C.C.C.C. Marks and vij /. and for the Accomplifh- 
" ment thereof ftandeth yet utterlie unprovided and dif* 
" abied, by reafon of diverfe Chardges which heretofor 
«* and yet dailie fall upon him, as of late your Supplicant 
*' having Libertie by your Lordfhips Graunt to repaire 
** to his Houfe in the Contrie, to make Provifion of 
*' ftame Money which he then ftoode chardged to paie 
** to her Majefties Ufe for his faid Recufancie, in which 
O 2 " Tyme 

j^6 Hundred 0/ Stow. 

*« Tyme of his being in the Contric he received a Privie 
** Scale from her Majeftie for the Loane of L '. which 
" Some according to his Duetue he paid out of the faid 
** Money which he had provided for her Majefties Ufe, 
*' and being enforced to malce up that Some againe for 
" the Difcharge of the faid Paiment in the Exchequour, 
** did fend up to London vj fatt Oxen to be fold for pre- 
** fent Money, which Oxen comming to London v of 
*' them were taken for her Majefties Provifion, for which 
" your Supplicant hath received no Paiment, though they 
*' weare muche underpraifed, in refpe£l of that which 
" was offered for them in prefent Money ; fo that your 
*' Supplicant for the Difcharge of his faid former Pay- 
*' ment was conftrained to take up other Sommes of 
*' Money for the fatisfying again wherof your Suppli- 
•' cant ftandeth ftill endangered alfo : And moreover, 
*' may it pleafe your Honours to take fome compafiion 
*' of your Supplicant's faid Troubles, having ever lyved 
" a true Man to her Majeftie ; not long before the Time 
*' of your Supplicant his faid former Commitment, a Sen- 
*' tence parted againft him and one other deceafed in the 
*' Court of Awdience for C.C.C.X.X. /. from which 
" your Supplicant (by reafon of his Imprifonment) cold 
*« not apeale, and at this prefent ftandeth in great 
'* danger to be urged with the Paiment thereof, unlels 
*' by your Lordfliips he being allowed Libertie may feeke 
*' his beft Remedie in that Behalf. It maie therefore 
*« pleafe your good Lordftiips in regarde of the diftreflcd 
•* Eftate of your faid humble Supplicant to graunt to 
** him the Contynuance of his Libertie at his owne Howfe 
" within the faid Countie of Suffolk^ as well for the 
** better and more fpeedie preparing of the faid Sommes 
•' of Money payable to her Majeftie in A'Jichat'hnasTezrme 
'* next, as for the obteyning of fome Remedie or Relief 
" touching the faid Sommc of C.C.C.X.X. /. for which 
*' Sentence is given againft him and the other Partie as 

** afore- 

Hundred of Stow. 197 

** aforefaid, without which your Honors Graunt of Li- 
** bertie he fliall be forced to bring up his Wyfe, Chil- 
*« dren, and Famelie to London, which he cannot bring 
** to pafs in anie reafonable Sorte, but to his great Charge, 
*' extreame Lofle, and Hindrance, which in no wife he 
** can long endure, but in fhort Tyme will be his uttre 
*' Ouerthrow and Undoing ; and your Supplicant (as in 
" Dutie he is bound) (hall daily pray to Almightie God 
'* for your Lordftiips in honor and happie Eftate long 
*' to contynew. 

" Whereas Edwarde Syliarde, of Wether den, in the 
*' Countie of Suffolke, Gent, having ben a long Tyme 
*' reftrayned of his Libertie for Mater of Religion, was 
<' lately for certain Confiderations permitted to remayne 
" at his Howfe in Suffolk ; and yet notwithftanding, as 
*' it is informed, hathfynce that Tyme ben troubled and 
*' molefted onely for Recufancy. Theafe are in her 
*' Majefties Name to will and require you, and every of 
*' you to whom it may appertayne, to forbear to fue or 
*' trouble him any further in refpecSl of his faid Recufancy 
*' untill you fhall underftand her Majefties further Plea- 
«< fure herein, and theas fhall be his fufficient Warrant 
** in that Behalf. Dated at my Howfe at Barnehnei the 
" 19th of June, 1586. 

" Fra. Walfyngham. 
" L. S. 

<' To all Juftices of Aflize, Juflices of Peace, Sheriffs, 
*' BaylifFs, Purfuivants, and Mefleangers of the 
*♦ Chamber, and all other her Majefties Officers and 
*' loving Subje<Sls to whom it may apperteyne, and 
** to every of them." 

To this Edward Stdyard fucceeded another Sir John 

Sulyardy to whom all thefe Forfeitures and Penalties were 

remitted by King James the Firft j who conferred the 

Honour of Knighthood, both on the faid Sir Johv^ and 

O 3 * his 

ig$ Hundred of Stovt. 

his Son Edward in his Father's Life-time ; and they lived 
on their Family Eftate in Peace and Quietude till the great 
Rebellion, when the Loyalty of Sir £iztw- J procured the 
Confinement of his Perfon, and the Sequeftration of two 
Parts in three of his Eihte, during the deteftable Ufur- 
pation of Cromwell. At the Reftoration Sir Edward was 
reftorcd to his Eftates and Liberty ; This Gentleman 
married the Daughter of IFiUiam Lord Stiaton j but, dy- 
ing without IfTue, his Elhite devolved on his next Bro- 
ther Ralph, who married Elizabeth the Daughter oi James 
Willfsrd, of TFanfiuorth, Efq; and by her had a numerous 
Iflue. To him fucceeded Edward his eldeft Son, who 
married Penelope-y the eldeft Daughter of Sir Edward Gage, 
oi Hengrave, and by her had many Children. At the Re- 
volution it does not appear this Gentleman at all med- 
dled, or at all fuffered ; but continuing obftinately a Pa- 
pift, he was left out of the Commiffion of the Peace. His 
next Brother Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Sulyard follow- 
ed his unhappy Mafter abroad, and entered afterwards 
into the Dutch Service, married a Lady of Bcijleduc In 
Brabatit, and there died ; his Iflue are ftill living in Flan- 
ders y and on Failure of the elder Branch are next Heirs 
of this ancient Family Eftate, which is now in the Pof- 
feflion of Edivard Sulyard, the Grandfon of the laft men- 
tioned Ed-ward. The Sufferings of this Family are here 
mentioned to induce Gentlemen who are fo unhappy as 
to adhere to the Church of Rome, to make a Comparifon 
between the Severity of former Reigns, and the great 
Clemency and Mercy of the late and prefent Reigns ; 
which have kept, and ftill keep the penal Laws, like n 
fharp Sword in the Scabbard, to be drawn only on De- 
i'ence and Provocation, 


'W •Ylft^N ' 

■.\Vl'.^.\.\\\ I^.^. 



[ ^99 ] 

B o s iM E R E and C l a y d o n. 

THE Hundreds ofBofmere and Chydon are bounded 
by the Liberties of Ipfwich and tiie Hundred of 
Samford^ on the South; on the North^ by the 
Hundreds of Stovj, Hartefmere^ and Thredling ; on the 
Eajl^ by Thredling^ Loes, and Carlfcrd; and on the Wejiy 
by the Hundreds of Cosford and Stoiv. It contains the 
feveral Parifhes and Hamlets following, viz, 

Akenham, was the Lordfhip of Hugh le Rous in 
King John's Time ; for he was admitted to his Freedom 
o( ipfwich, and paid a Fine for Freedom from Toll for 
himfelf and his Villains inJkenha?n, Hemlngftcn, Hafidon, 
and elfewhere. From that Family the Hall had its 
Name, now corruptly called i^;V^-Hall. In the Reiga 
of Edward IV. it was Philip Bar7mrd's ; then Whitepole'Sy 
who fold it to Mr. Hawes, Town-Clcik of Ipfivich. It 
is now veiled in TViUiam Pbmer, Efq. This Church 
was lately confolidated with Claydcn by Sir Thomas Gdoch, 
Bart. Biftiop of Norwich. The Advowfon of both being 
now veftcd in the Rev. George Dniry, late Re6lor thereof. 

AsHBOCKiNG. This Church was impropriated 24 
July 1 21^ y to the Prior and Convent of Qmfl-Chwch, 
Canterbury, who were Patrons of the Vicarage till the Re- 
formation. The Crown is now Patron ; and the Vicar 
enjoys both great and -finall Tithes. 

Here is a Manor called Kctts de Campo, now veiled m 
the Earl of Dyfart ; and another Manor called .d^-Hal!, 
belonging to Capt. Cockcrell. 

O 4 Badlf.y, 

iBl'RTSlLlDMl'XDS taTkETlORD Ks /iv 




I V 

S^*' ''»'■:: 

■^ ^%-^ / 

[ '99 ] 

Bos ME RE and Claydon. 

THE Hundreds o^ Bof?nere and Claydo?i are bounded 
by the Liberties of Ipfwicb and the Hundred of 
Satnfordf on the South; on the North, by the 
Hundreds of Stovj, Hartef?nere, and Thredling j on the 
Eajl^ by Thredling^ Loes, and Carlford ; and on the IVeJi, 
by the Hundreds of Cosford and Stow. It contains the 
feveral Parifhes and Hamlets following, viz, 

Akenham, was the Lordfhip of Hugh h Rous in 
King John's Time ; for he was admitted to his Freedom 
oi Ipfwich, and paid a Fine for Freedom from Toll for 
himfelf and his Villains mAkenhmn, Hemingfcon^ Hafkdon, 
and elfewhere. From that Family the Hall had its 
Name, now corruptly called i^/V^-Hall. In the Reign 
of Edward IV. it was Philip Barnard's ; then WhltephUs, 
who fold it to Mr. Hawes^ Town -Clerk of Ipfivich. It 
is now vefted in Williain Phuner^ Efq. This Church 
was lately confolidated with Claydon by Sir Thomas Gocch, 
Bart. Biftiop o^ Norwich. The Advowfon of both being 
now vefted in the Rev. George Drury, late Re6lor thereof. 

AsHBOCKiNG. This Church was impropriated 24 
y«/)' 1326, to the Prior and Convent of Chrift-Chiirch, 
Canterbury^ who were Patrons of the Vicarage till the Re- 
formation. The Crown is now Patron 3 and the Vicar 
enjoys both great and fmall Tithes. 

Here is a Manor called Kctts de Ca7npo, now vefted in 
the Earl of Dyfart ; and another Manor called .^-Hall, 
belonging to Capt. Cockerel!. 

O 4 Badlf.y-, 

200 Hundred c/Bosmere and Claydoij. 

Badley, formerly the Seat of the Mortlnurs. The 
Pooleys had it from about the Year 1460. Richard Gippsy 
Efq; married an Heirefs of the Pooleys^ and fold it to Mrs, 
Crowley j and it is now vefted in the Earl of AJkburnham^ 
and Charles Boone^ Efq; Member for Cajile-Rifmg\ who 
married the two Heircffes of the Crawley Family. The 
Impropriation was given to the Templars by Robert Fitz- 
Jefferey and Beatrice his Wife, and confirmed to them by 
Richard Clare Earl of Hertford. There was a Chauntry 
here valued at 10/. per Ann. 

Barham. The Manor with the Advowfon of the 
Kedtory belonged to the Prior and Convent of Ely^ which 
with a Wood called Bergham Coppice, were granted 37 
HenryNlll. to John Souihwe/I, Efq; there is a noble Mo- 
nument for one of the Family in the Chancel : It was 
afterwards in the Family of IP'ood ; then in the iVebbs, 
who fold it to Mr» Burch, whofe Son now enjoys it. But 
the Advowfon of the Reftory is in Nicholas Bacon, of 
^hrubland-Hz\\,Y.{<i. -orlvnllj !>::-• 

Barking. The Manor of Barking with the Advow- 
fon of the Redlory belonged to the Church of Ely, from 
the Time of King Edward the Confeflbr to the fourth 
Year of Queen Elizabeth, when they were alienated from 
it» Queen Elizabeth feems to have kept them in her 
own Hands j for Sir Francis Needham bought them of 
King James I. His eldefl: Son fold them to Francis Theo- 
bald, Efq; whofe Son is mentioned with Honor for his 
Skill in Oriental Languages by Dr. Cajile, in his Lexicon. 
They now belong to Mrs. Crowley's Heirs. fSee Badley.) 

Battisford. Here was an Hofpital of St. John of 
Jerufalem, of the yearly Value of 53/. 10 s. which at 
the Diffolution was granted to Sir Richard Grejham, 
One of the Manors in this Parilh belonged formerly to 


Hundred o/ l)SAi£R ^;?JClaydon. 201 

the B'ifhop of Norwichhut it was furrendered by Aft 
of Parliament to King^,;^.^„ VIU. who granted it in 
1545 to Sir Richard Cj^^^^ ^^^ Richard Billingford. 
Philip Bacon, Efq; ha^'^ g^^^ ^^ ^^^ Hall, in Right of 
his Mother, which h j^j.gjy t^^^^ tal^en down. 

BayLHam, abouj^g y^^j. j^co was the Lordfhip 
of John de Burnaville^^ ^^ j^js Defendants, till near 
the Year 14OO. Abt ^^^^ -^ j,^j„e to y^^„ Andrews, 
whofe Daughter -^^'^^f/, marrying to Tliomm TVlndfor, 
Eiq; it became the fg^-jQi^ ^f their Son Sir Andrews 
Windfor, of 'S'/^'^^-- '"afterwards Lord Wiv.dfor. The 
Manor and Advowfon ^low vefted in Nathanael A£lon, 

Blakenham Magna, ^j^g Manor and Advowfon 
here was given to the Abbi of Bece in Normandy, by 
Walter Gifford, Earl of Buc^gfjam; and was given by 
King Henry VI. to the Provofind Fellows of Eaton. 

Blakenham Parva. The r,xAs of Nettleftead 'Vfcre 
Patrons of this Reclory, when xhe"tbetots^ Dejpenfers, and 
Wentivorths had that Lordfhip. r^e Manor and Ad- 
vowfon were lately in the Milner. but now are vefted 
jn the Right Hon. Lord Orwell. 

Bramford, in 22 Edivard I. wa the Lordfliip and 
Demefne of Robert de Tibetot ; but fo many Years the 
Family of A^on has had their Seat her. The Church, 
with the Bereiuick of Burjfal and AlbrigHeJlon belonging 
to it, was given to Battle Abbey by King'^Villiam Rufus ; 
and that Abbey had the Redory and werePatrons of the 
Vicarage till 33 Henry VIIL when it was granted to 
Chriji-Church Canterbury, in Exchange. The Manor 
here hath an uncommon Tenure belonging to it ; for 
the Tenants hold of the Lord by a Leafe of 2i Years, 
xenewed from Time to Time upon a Fine j and, upon 


202 Hundred ofBkw^^ ^^i Claydon. 

the Death of a Tenant, o^^n /^nation, the new Tenant 
is admitted to the Rcmaini ^^ ^'^^^ Term unexpired ; 
fo that the Lord hath more 1^^ ^^^^ ^^'^ Lands, than 
the Tenants have. There wP°'^^^'' Manor in Bram- 
ford belonging to the Bi/hop o/>'> ^^ '^^^ ^^ ^he Year 
'547> which feems to have be "^ ^^ Hands o' Francis 
Colborne, in 1593. 

Bricet, was remarkable "^ ^ Priory founded by 
Radulfus Fltzbrian and £ww^,^-^^'^"^> and made a Cell 
to Nohilidc in France, which o'^^'^^^ '"^^ being fup- 
prefled as an alien Piiory ; and (Revenues of it,' were 
thereupon granted to the Provc^"'^ Fellows of King\ 
College in Cambridge, who ar^o^ds of the Manor, and 
Leilbrs of the Tithes. 

Bricet Parva. The P>r and Convent of Cluniac 
Monks at Thetford had thAdvowfon of the Church and 
twelve Acres of DemefnLand, of the Gift of Robert 
de R^ims. The ChurcMaving been long down, hath 
been anne:?ed to Offtc ^ver fince the Year 1 503. Tal- 
mach-HaUy in this Bee, is faid to have been fometime 
the Seat of the Ke;l^, but lately in the Family of the 
D'Autreys'y and o^ Jhn Luther , Efq; Member for EJfcx^ 
who is Lord of theHanor of Little Bricet^ alias Talmajh- 

Claydon, is ;thorough-fare Village, where the Road 
divides j that rif?it forward from Ipfwich, leads to Nor- 
loich ; and thaton the left, to Bury St. Edmunds. Thomas 
Southivell, Efq, had the Manor of Claydon, 9 Elizabeth. 
The Manor of C/rtys«-Hall is now vefted in Nathanael 
A6ion, Efq. The Patronage of the Church feems to have 
belonged to the Manor of Akcnham ; but the Churches 
are now confolidated, and the Patronage of both is now 
vefted in the Rev. George Druyy^ late Redor thereof. 


Hundred £?/Bosmere and Claydo^. 203 

CoDDENHAM. This Church was given to Royflon 
Priory by Eujiachlus de Merc^ the Founder of that Priory, 
about the Year 1220. The In^propriation was granted 
36 Henry VIII. to 'Jo. Atkyns \ and coming into the 
Hands of the Rev. Mr. Balthazar Guardcmau Vicar here, 
was pioufly by him fettled on Truftees for the Ufe of the 
Vicar for the Time being for ever. The chief Manor 
here of Dennies, is now vefted in Nicholas Bacon and 
Milefon Edgar, Efqrs. Another Manor called the Vicarage, 
is vefted in the Vicar for the Time being; and the Manor 
of Shriiblaiid-HsLW in this Parifh, has for Tome time been 
in the Bacons, now remaining to Nicholas Bacon, E{q; 
whofe Grandfather Sir Nicholas Bacon was created Knight 
oi the Bath at the Coronation of Charles II. 

Greeting Jll Saints, and Creeting St. Olaves. 
There are four contiguous Parifhes in Suffolk, to whom 
the Names of Greeting is common : That of Greeting St. 
Peter J already mentioned in Stow Hundred, and thofe 
three which will be mentioned here. For, tho' Greeting 
Jll-Saints'is in the Deanery of Stow and Archdeaconry of 
Sudbury, it is in the Hundred of Boftnere, as vi'ell as 
Greeting St. Olave, and Greeting St. Mary. The Church 
of Greeting All-Saints is a very ancient Building ; but that 
of St. Olave hath been long down ; for which Reafon 
thofe two Rectories were confolidated about the Year 
J 71 1. St. Olave^s was franding in 1532, when John 
Pinkeney ordered his Body to be buried in the Chancel. 
The Manor of Graiingcs in Greeting St. Olave'' s, was given 
by Robert Earl of Moreton in Normandy, and ot Gornwal 
in England, in the Time of JViUia?H the Conqueror, to the 
Abbey of Grejlcin in Norjnandy, v/hich in After-times 
made it a Cell to that Monaftery, and annexed the Ma- 
nor to it, as it was held 9 Edward I. It was taken care 
of by fome Monks belonging thereunto, or by their Ar- 
gent the Prior Qi IFibnington in Sujex, their chi-f Cell ia 


204 Hundred of Bosmere and Claydon. 

England. King Edward III. granted this to Tydeman de 
Lymburgh, a Merchant ; and afterwards, about the Year 
1347, the Abbot and Convent fold it, by the King's Li- 
cence to Sir Edmund de la Pole^ by the Names of the 
Manors of Mikelfeld and Greeting. The laft Priors of 
StU OIave\ were William Beverley in 1468, Thomas Baget 
in 1492, and William Dale in 15 19. The Manor and 
Advowfon of Creetifig All-Saints^ as well as St. Olavesy 
were veftcd and continued for a confiderableTime in the 
ancient and reputable Family of Bridgynan ; whofe Heirs 
in 1753 fold and conveyed the fame, together with their 
other Eftates in thefe two Parifhes, and the other Greet- 
ings, to Philip Ghampion Grefpigny^ Efq; of Do£lors Goni- 
inons, the prefent Owner and Pofleffor thereof. 

Greeting St. Mary, is alfo a Re^ory ; the Parifii 
Church of which is clofe to Greeting All-Saints ; and as 
they ftand very near each other upon an Eminence, they 
are eafily feen at feme Miles Diitance, and are commonly 
called Cr^^//«ff-two-Churches. Greeting St. Mary was 
in ancient Times mod ufually ftyled the Priory of Greet- 
ings and was a Cell to the Abbey of Bernay in Normandy ; 
and, after the Suppreflion of thofe foreign Houfes, was 
made Part of the Endowment of Eton College ; and it 
now belongs to the Provoft and Fellows of that College. 

Crowfield, is a Hamlet of Goddcnham, and hath 
nothing worthy of Remark, but the Hall, which formerly 
belonged to the Family of Woodhoufe, who fold it to Jolm 
Harbottle ; one of who(e Daughters and Coheirefles mar- 
ried to Henry Wingfield. It was lately the Seat of Henry 
Harwoody E(c[; then of Theodore Ecclejlon ; and now of 
William Middleton, Efq; who is alfo Lord of the Manor. 

Darmsden, is a Hamlet of Barking. The Manor of 
Tnjlon-Hall mDormfden belonged to Lord Wind/or, A.D. 
1596. It is nov/ in th^ Heirs of Mr. Crowley. 


Hundred of Bosmere ^w^Claydon. 205 


GosBECK. Here feems to have been three Manors ia 
Queen Eli%aheth\ Time, vi%. one belonging to Mr. ^er- 
myn^ to which the Advowfon was appendant ; and this, 
we think, belongeth now to Lord Orxvell ; another be- 
longing to Mr. Stlbes ; and another called Kctjaljield^ be- 
longing to the Talmachs. 

Hemingstok. Mr. Camhdcn^ Account of this Place 
is this : " That in it Baldvjhi le Petteur (obferve the 
*' Name) held Lands by Serjeantry, for which he was 
*' obliged, every Chrijimas-(\zy , to perform before our 
" Lord the King of England, one Sahusy one Su^atuSy 
" and one Bumhulus ; or, as it is read in another Place, 
*' he held it by a Salius, a SuffidSy and Pettus ; that is, 
'* (if I apprehend it right) he was to dance, make a noife 
*' with his Cheeks, and let a F — t. Such was the plain 
*' jolly Mirth of thofe Days. It is alfo obferved that the 
*' Manor of Langhall belonged to this Fee." Camhd. 
Vol. L p. 443. Here is the Seat of Richard ColvUle^ 

Helmingham. The Priorefs and Nuns of Fllxton 
near Bungay were Patrons of this Pwcftory, till about the 
Year 1320 ; when they gave this Patronage to the Bilhop 
oi Norwich, for that of Flixton. From that Time the 
Bifliop v/as Patron till the Reformation, when the Crown 
claimed it, and hath prefented ever fince. This Parifh 
hath been remarkable for a Family who took their Name 
from the Place, and had their Seat at Crtkes -HzWy now 
called Helmingham-Rs.]] ; but it hath for many Years 
been more memorable for being the Seat of that very an- 
cient and noble P'amily of Tallmache. Toedmag, as the 
Name was then fpelt, was faid in Domefday Book, to 
poiTefs Lands, i^c. Hugh Tabnache fubfcribed the Char- 
ter fans Date (about the Reign of King Stephen) made to 
t the 

2o6 Hundred c/Bosmere ajjd Claydon-* 

the Abbefs of Godjlow, in OxfordJJnre. The Family wa9 
feated at Bentley in Samford Hundred, until Lionel Tal- 

mache of Ben/ Ity, married the Heir of Helm'wghatn, 

of Helminghc.m^ Efq; whereby he acquired the Inheritance 
and made this Place his Refidence. Lionel his Grandfon, 
was High-ShcrifF of Norfolk and Suffolk 4 Henry VIII. or 
1513 : Again, 'in Lionel the Grandfon of this Gentlen:)an 
was Kigh-SherifFof Suffolk ^^ Elizabethy and knighted 
by her. He was fucceeded by his Son and Heir 
Lionel, who was created a Baronet at the firft Inftitution 
of that Dignity, 22 May 161 1 ; and was the twelfth 
Perfon who received that Honour. Sir Lionel Tolmachey 
Grandfon of the firft Baronet, married Elizabeth Daughter 
and Heir of IViliiam Altnray, Earl of Dyfart in Scotland y 
and his Son and Heir Sir Lionel Talmaihe fucceeded him 
in Honour and Eftate j and after the Death of his Mo- 
ther (who had married for a fecond Hufband John Mait- 
landy Duke of Lauderdale) by the Laws of Scotland, he 
became Lord Huntingiower and Earl of Dyfart. He was 
eleded Knight of the Shire for Suffolk in three Parlia- 
ments called by King JVilliam III. and was again elected 
Knight of the Shire till the A6t of Union 6 Queen Anne 
declared him a Peer of Great-Britain. He was in Queen 
Jane^ Reign Lord Lieutenant, Cujlos Rotuloru?n, and 
Vice- Admiral of Suffolk, and High-Steward of the Bo- 
rough of Ilfiuich. He had lITue Lionel Lord Huntings 
tower, who died in his Father's Life-time, leaving Ifl'ue 
Lionel his Son, who fucceeded his Grandfather in Honor 
and Eftate ; and is the prefent Earl of Dyfart, Knight of 
the Thiftle, and Fligh- Steward of the Borough of Ipf- 
wich. The Lordfliip of this Parifh is vefved in his Lord- 
fhip, called CrcikJl:alL 

HENr.EV. The /^tvvf have for many Years fat lead 
2C0 Years) had a Seat here, which is now vefted in 
Tl.'ornas Fere, of Nsrzvich, Efq; and lately one of the Re- 
prefcntatives in Parliament for that City. 


Hundred of Bosmere and Claydon. 207 

Mick FIELD. Two Manors are mentioned here, wz, 
the Manor of JVolney-\{.-A\^ and the Manor oi Flede-^-AX* . 
The firft of which Teems to have belonged to the alien 
Priory of Grcjle'm in Normandy^ and to have been by that 
Convent fold to Tydemannus de Ly?nhergh, about the Year 
1347. One of thefe Manors belongeth now to jyHiiam 
Middleton, of Crozci^eld, Efq; the other to Lord Orwell. 

Needham, is a Hamlet of Barking. It hath formerly 
had a confiderable Trade in the Woollen Manufadlory, 
but the Trade is now in a manner loft : However it is 
pretty well built, and has a mean Market Weekly on 
IFednefdays, but a confiderable Fair Yearly on 28, 29, 
and 30th Days of Oi^obcr ; which, as we fuppofe, is the 
fame that was granted to the Bilhop of Ely, to be held 
in his Manor of Barking, 10 Henry III. 

Nettle STEAD. The Earls of Richriond and Brit- 
tany had the Lordfhip here from the Conqucft to 17 
Henry II. when Conan the laft Earl died. Sir Peter Mau- 
clere (who married Alice the Daughter of Cmjlance, the 
only Daughter and Heirefs of Conan) had Livery of this 
Manor 15 Henry Ul. Peter de Savoy had a Grant of it 
25 Hc7iry III. Robert Tibetat died at NcttJcJlcad, poflefTcd 
of this Manor, 25 Edzvard I. Pain de Tibeiot died feifed 
7 Edward II. John de Tibetot died feifed 41 Edivard III. 
^.wA Robert dcTibctot d^i^A feifed i^.6 Edivard \l\. leaving 
no Male IfTue. After this it belonged a little while to 
the Family of Defpenfers. About the Year 1450 it be- 
came the Eftate of Roger JVcntworth, whofe Defcendants 
were created Lords by Henry VIII. and it continued in 
this Family to the Time of King Charles 1. when Tlicmas 
irentivorth Earl of Clevelvid fold it to IVilUam Lodge, 
Citizen of London. It fince belonged to Mr. John Fuller, 
ttf Ipjwich ; and is now vefted in the Heir of IFilliam 

* See Creethg St. O.'at-cs, &c. 

2o8 Hundred (?/BosMERE tfwiCL AYDONF. 

Bradley^ Efq; who married the only Daughter and Heirela 
of Mr. Fuller, 

Offton, is remarkable for a Caflle built on a chalky 
Hill by Offoy King of the Mercians, after he had flain 
Etheldred King of the Eajl- Angles ; and from him it is 
faid the Town took its Name. The Caflle is now fo en- 
tirely demolifhed, that not the leaft Rubbifh of it remains. 
The Prior and Convent of Monks at Thetfotd^ had the 
Advowfon of the Church, and thirty Acres of Land here ; 
and the Manor, Redory, and Advowfon of the Vicarage 
were granted, as Parcel of the faid Monks Pofleflions, to 
TJjomas Duke of Norfolk 32 Henry VIII. in Exchange, 
The Manor is now vefted in Gideon Glarrville, Efq. 

RiKGSHALL. Befides the Parifh Church here was for-- 
merly a Free-Chapei belonging to the Prior and Convent 
of Norwich, endowed with thirty Acres of Land : Some 
Ruins of it are faid to be r)ow remaining. The late Sir 
Tf^illiam Barker, Bart, of Ireland, had the Hall and Manor 
here i but, upon his Death they were fold, and are now 
vefted in If'lliiafn IFatfon,^ Eiq. 

SoMERSHAM. The Family of Bohun Earls of North- 
ampton, were many li ears Patrons of this Rectory, and 
Lords of the Manor j which, with that of Offton, were 
granted to Henry Stafford Duke of Buckingham, by King 
Richard III. in 1423. Katheriv.e Queen of E?2gland pre- 
fented to it, in Right of the Manor of Somerjham, which 
ihe had by the Grant of King Henry VI. The old Wills 
make mention of a Chapel in Somerftiam-frrect. The 
Manor and Advowfon are now vefted in Richard Gideon 
Glanville, Efq. 

STOSHAM-Jjpal, is fo called from a Family of the 
Name of Afpale, or Hafpele, wlio were for many Years 
Lords and Patrons here. It was alfo calle4 Stonham An- 


tluND'RfeD df BOSMERE a'rld ClaYDON. 2O9 

iegan. The Manor and Advowfon of Stonha?7i"Afpdl h 
lately verted by Purchafe in William M'uldkton^ Efqj of 
CrowJjeid-HzW. In this Parifh and very near the Church, 
a Branch of the ancient Family of JVingfield (fee p. 17 1.) 
had a Seat called Br ought on-\l7i\\, and were Lords of a 
Manor here called Brotightcn-H^W Manor.' The la:ft 
PofTeiror whereof the Rev. John JVmgficld^ M. A. died 
v/ithout Ulue Male ; as did his Brother Thojnas not long 
fince, who was the laft Heir- Male of this Family. Philip 
Cha?npion Crefpigny^ Efq; pyirchafed the Eftate and Manor 
oi BroUghton-H^W, and is the prefenL Poflcflbr and Pro- 
prietary thereof. 

STOKHAM-iir?;-/, is fo called, becaufe it was ancient- 
ly the Lordihip of Thcmas Brotherton, Earl of Norfolk ; 
and afterwards of TViUiajn Ufford, Earl of ^uffoik^ who 
married the Grand -daughter of Thomas Brotherton. It 
was afterwards Sir Thomas Grefiam's. It is now vefted 
in Thomas Driver. The Duke of Norfolk had a Grant 
of a Market and Fair here, i Edward III. And all the 
three Pariflies of Sto!iha?n are ftill a Part of the Duke of 
Norfolk's Liberty; but the Advovi'fon of this Church is 
in the College of Pembroke- Hak\ in Ca'mbridge. 

SxoNHAM-P^rz'i?, or Stonham fernegnns^ becaufe the 
"Jernegans were Lords here till the Time of Edward VI. 
(Tee Horham^ in Hoxnc;) then the Goodvjyns^ who fold the 
Manor to Lady Rivers. It is now vefted in the Right 
Hon. Lord OrzvclL 

Swill AND. Bartholomew Bnrghcif)^ and after him 
Edward le Defptilfer died feifed of this Manor in the Time 
of Edward III. The Church was early impiopriated to 
the Nuns of tFykes., in EJJex ; and the Impropriation was 
granted to Cardinal //^o^^y, towards the Endowment of his 
College ztlpfwich, A.D. 1528; but the Vicar hath now 
thq great as well as fmall Tithes. 


210 Hundred c/Bosm£re and ChAYDO-iJ. 

WiLLiSHAM. The Church here v/as given by JIberi' 
Grell'i to the Prior and Con-vent of the Holy Trinity ir> 
Ipfwich^ before the Year 1203^ and, at the Diflblutiony 
the Tenement, Canom^ and the Impropriation, were grant- 
ed as Parcel of the PofTeffions of that Priory to Jndrews 
l>ord Wind/or^ 31 Henry VIII. It was afterwards Bifhop 
Brownrigg's ; and is now vefted in the Rev. Mr. John 
Leake, and the Rev. Mr. Upcher j as is the Lordfbip of 

Westerfield. See Tpfwlch, p. 51. 

Whitton. In this Parifh is a good old Seat, com- 
monly called the Sparrows- Nejl, but formerly IVhitton- 
Htll ; lately the Refidcnce of Edinund Hammond^ Efqj 
and now of William Hamilton, Efq,. See p. 5i» 








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^Pr '■'' 

1 J ^toA{t^ 

pj 1 M^^- 

/7<ite 4. 

T>ywr. BIT ft / r- •'^ 


[ 2lt ] 

Hundred of Thingoe, 
hi the Franchife of St. Edmund. 

THIS Hundred abutteth Eoji on the Hundred of 
Thedvoaftre \ Souths on Babergh and Rijhridge ; 
Weji, on Rijhridge and Lackford, and North, on ihd 
Hundred of Btackbourn. 

We begin with this Hundred, becaufe Bury Si. Ed- 
munds, the Metropolis of this Part of the County, is con^- 
tained in it. Had it been in our Power, we fliould have 
been glad to have been more paxticular in our Account 
of this beautiful Town. 

It is fituated on the lFe/i-{ide of the RiVer Larl', which 
is now made navigable from Lyftn to Fornha?h., about a 
Mile North of this Town. It has a moft beautiful in- 
clofed Countfy oh the Soidh and South-Wcji, and on the 
North and Nonh-JPcJl the moft delicious Champaign 
Fields, extending themfelves to Lymi, and that Part cf 
the County of Norfolk. The Country on the Eaji is 
partly open, and partly inclofed. Stovj tells us, " That 
** in the Year 1608 Jprll 11, being Monday, the Quarter-* 
*' Seffions was held at St. Edihundjhury, and by Negli- 
" gente an Out-Malthoufe was fet on Fire ; from whence 
*' in moft ftrange an'd fudden Manner, through fierce 
'< Winds, the Fire came to the fartheft Side of the Tov/n, 
"• and as it went, left fome Streets and Houfes fafe and 
" untouched. The Flame flew clean over many Houfes 
" near it, and did great Spoil t^ many fair Buildings far- 
*' theft ofF; and ceafed not till it had confumed One hun- 
*' drcd and fixty Dwelling-Houfes, befides others ; and 
*'• in Damage of Waies and Houfliold-ftuff to the full 
P 2 '' Value 

J I 

[ 2li ] 

Hundred of Thingoe, 
hi the Franchije of St. Edmund. 

THIS Hundred abutteth Eo^ft on the Hundred of 
Thedwa/ire j Southy on Babergh and Rljhrldge ; 
Wejly on Rijhridge and Lackford y and Norths on thd 
Hundred of Btackbourn. 

We begin with this Hundred, becaufe Bury St. Ed-' 
mtndsy the Metropolis of this Part of the County, is coni- 
tained in it. Had it been in our Power, we fiiould have 
been glad to have been more particular in our Account 
of this beautiful Town. 

It is fituated on the IFe/i-Me of the Riv^er Lark, which 
is now made navigable from Lynn to Fornhatfi-, about a 
Mile North of this Town. It has a moft beautiful in- 
clofed Countfy on the South and Soiith-Wcji, and on the 
North and "North-Wcji the moft delicious Champaign 
Fields, extending themfelves to Lynn, and that Part c*f 
the County of Norfolk. The Country on the Eaji is 
partly open, and partly inclofed. Stow tells us, " That 
*' in the Year 1608 Jpril 11, being Monday, the Quarter- 
" Scfiions was held at St. Ediiiundfiury, and by Negli- 
" gence an Out-Malthoufe was fet on Fire j from whence 
*' in moft ftrange arid fudden Manner, through fierce 
** Winds, the Fire came to the fartheft Side of the Tov»'n, 
" and as it went, left Tome Streets and Houfes fafe and 
" untouched. The Flame flew clean over many Houfes 
" near it, and did great Spoil t© many fair Buildings far- 
*' theft ofFi and ceafed not till it had confumed One hun- 
*' di-ed and fixty Dwelling-Houfes, befides others ; and 
*"■ in Damage of Waies and Houfliold-ftufF to the full 
P 2 " Value 

212 Hundred <?/Thingoe, 

*' Value of Sixty Thoufand Pounds." This Accident, 
however terrible and diftrefsful in itfelf, might poffibly 
cccafion in a good meafure one agreeable Circumftancc, 
which is, the great Regularity of the Streets. For thefe 
are now feen cutting each other at Right- Angles, which 
contributes much to the Beauty of them, and as the 
Town {lands upon an cafy Afcent, it deferves the Enco- 
mium which an ancient Writer has given of it, viz, 
" That the Sun fhines not upon a Town more agreeable 
'* in its Situation." Leland. 

The Abbey which was once fo illuftrious was firft built 
by Sigebert King of the Eajl- Angles^ foon after Chriftia- 
nity was planted here by Fcliic the Burgund'ian^ and being 
finiflied King Sigebert about the Year 638 retired into 
it, and fecluded himfelf from all temporal Affairs. 

As to St. Edmimdy from whom the Town hath taken 
its Name, we may well fuppofe him to have defcended 
from the Royal Blood of the Saxo?is. He began to reign 
as King of the Eajl- Angles A.D. 855, in the fourteenth 
Year of his Age. Some have imagined that he was 
Crowned here j but our Zeal for the Honour of this 
Town ought not to lead us into fo vulgar an Error, for 
that Ceremony was performed at Buers, as will be men- 
tioned in our Account of that Town. He reigned fifteen 
Years^ being killed A. D. 870, in the twenty-ninth Year 
of his A.ge ; and his Corpfe having lain interred in the 
^i'own where he was killed (generally fuppofed to be 
Hoxne) thirty-three Years, was removed to Bury. On 
this Account, and through the Superftition of that Age, 
the Revenue of the Abbey increafed fo faft, that the 
Monks, greedy to fwallow all the Prey, accufcd the Se- 
culars among other Things of Negligence and Irreverence 
to the Corpfe of St. Edmund ; fo petulant was the Accu- 
fation, and. fo ftrong their Intereft, that they procured 
Power and Authority to eje6l all the Seculars, and, to fill 
their Places with thofe of their owiij the Bmcdi^ine Or- 

Hundred c/Thingoe. 213 

<]er. This they accompliflied about the Year 1020, and 
in the fourth Year of King Canute^ who then laid the 
Foundation of a more magnificent Church, to the Honour 
of this Martyr J the former in which he had been depo- 
fited being but a Wooden Building, or, at bcfl, covered 
with Wood. The Expence of this Fabrick was raifed by 
an annual Tax of Four-pence on every ploughed Land 
in Suffolk and Norfolk. It was finiflied in the Space of 
about twelve Years, and confecrated by Oihclnoth^ or A- 
gelnorth, Archbifhop of Canterbury^ and dedicated to Chrijiy 
St. Mary, and St. Edmund. 

Uviusy Prior of Halm, was confecrated the firft Abbot, 
J.D. 1020; and in the next Year this Abbev was ex- 
empted from all Epifcopal Jurifdi£lion by the Council of 
JVincheJlcr. He firft encompaflcd the Abbey, and a Part, 
if not the whole of the Town, with a Wall and a I^itch, 
the Ruins of which are ftill to be feen in many Places. 
Thus was th^ Grandeur of this Abbey begun : Its Ab- 
bots were made Parliamentary Barons, and its Wealth 
yearly increafed, until its final Dilfolution by Henry VIII. 
when its yearly Revenues amounted to 2^^6 I. 16s. in 
the whole, and to 1659/. 13^. iild. clear of Reprifes. 
And the Plate, Bells, Lead, Timber, ilfc. yiciJcd 5000 
Marks to the King. When the Abbey was in its Pro- 
fperity, there was an Hofpital or Religious Houfe at every 
Gate of the Town. There was an Hofpital of St. 
Peter, without the Ri/iy-G^tc, for the Maintenance cf 
leprous and infirm Priefts ; an Hofpital of St. Nicholas, 
without the £(3/^gate j of St. /«/;» within, and St. Fe- 
tronilla without, the South-satQ : The Ruins of them 
are at this Day to be feen. But the moft famous of the 
Hofpitals was that of St. Saviour's, without the North- 
Gate ; an entire Window of which is flill remaining. 
It was in this Building that the Parliament met in Henry 
the Sixth's Time ; and it was here that Humphrey Duke 
of Gloucejier was murdered, at the Infiigation of the 
P 3 Monks. 

214 H U N D R E D ^/ T H I N G O E. 

Monks. There was alfo a College of Priefts, with ^ 
Guild to the holy or fweet Name of Jefus^ the Situatioi? 
of which is not known ; and a Houfe of Grey Friers at 
Barwell, pr the Toll-Gatc, without the North-G'dte ; 
whither they retired to, after they were driven out of the 
Town by the Abbot. 

Lands and Tenements called Hencoies, near Buryy with 
Paflure for 360 Sheep late belonging to the Abbey, were 
granted j Mary to Sir lVillia?n Drury Knt. And a Mea- 
dow in Bury^ Nowion and PP'helneiham-parva, called 
Side/mere, late belonging to the Abbey, was granted 
1 Mary, to Ambrofe Jermyn. The Site of the Abbey, 
with two Meadows and a Manor or Farm in Bury called 
HaUhm, were granted to 'John Eyre, 2 Elizabeth. A Parcel 
of Tithes, the Markets and Fairs and Toll of the fame, 
and the ToU-Houfe, the Butchers Stalls, Goal, and Goal- 
Houfe, and Market-Crofs, were granted to the Aldermen 
and Burgefles 6 Jac. I. as Parcel of the Pofleflions of the 
Abbot and Convent. 

The Abbot, as was faid before, was a Parliamentary 
Baron ; but it is obfervable this Borough made no Return, 
tho' it had a Precept iflued to it 30 Edtvard I. (except to 
a Council, 11 Edward III.) before the Time of King 
James I. who made it a Parliamentary Borough about the 
twelfth Year of his Reign. 

A Parliament was held here by King Edward I. J. D. 
1298; and another by King HemyVl. AD. 1447; 
when Humphrey Duke of Glocejhr was murdered here, 
as Mr. Lambard reports, by the Hand of Pole, then 
Duke oi Suffolk. 

The Civil Government of the Town is now lodged in 
the Hancjs of an Alder 77ian, a Recorder, twelve Capital 
Burgeffes, and twenty-four Cotnmon Burgeffes : Thefe have 
the fole Right of chufmg their own Burgefles in Par- 


K-lng Edivard L and King Edzuardll. had Mints in 
Bury } and fome of their Pennys, coined here, are yet re- 
maining. Stow faySj here was alio a Mint in King 
yohn's Time. 

Inftead of the many Chapels and Oratories which were 
formerly in this Town, there are now only two magnifi- 
cent and ftately Churches, (landing in the fame Church- 
yard : The one dedicated to St. Mary, is 1 39 Feet long 
by 67 Feet and a half broad, and the Chancel of it is 
74 by 68 : The Roof of the Nave of St. Mary\ Church 
is truly magnificent : There is a fine Afcent of fix Steps 
to the Altar, on the North-'ix^^ of which is die Tomb of 
Mary Qiieen of France, Daughter of Henry VII. and af- 
terwards married to Charles Brandm^ Duke of Suffolk, 
This Queen of France was buried in the great Church 
of the Monaftery, and was removed after the Difiblution 
of it into St. Marys Church ; her Body is covered wich 
Lead, refembling an human Shape, and on her Breafl: is 
iiifcribed, " Mary QuG^n oi France, 1533." Her Tomb 
was not only fimple and unadorned, but for a long Series 
of Years entirely neglected. It was even without any 
Infcription till the Year 1758, when a Gentleman of the 
Town, out of a pious Regard for Antiquity, and efpe- 
cially for fp valuable a Pofleffipn, had the Tomb repaired 
3t his own Expence, and a Marble Tablet inferted into it. 

The other Church, dedicated to St.James, was finiftied 
in the Reign of Edward VI. who was himfelf a Contri- 
butor to it, as appears from an Infcription in the Church : 
It is 137 Feet long by 69 Feet, the Chancel is 56 by 27 
Feet i at the fFeJl End of the South Ifle are two large Mo- 
numents ere£led to the Memory of James Reynolds, Efq; 
Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and his Lady, who 
were buried here. lu this Church is an Organ lately 
^redted, and a Library convenient enough, but which has 
-noCuriofitics, except a M.S. of Bede's Ecclefiaftical Hi- 
ilory, and Demetrius ChakondyJas's Edition of Homer. 

P 4 The 

21 5 Hundred of Thingqe. 

The Steeple of the Church of St. James^ and the Ab- 
bey-gate, are Buildings which mufl: exxite the Attention 
ot the Curious : The former was anciently the grand 
Portal, that led to the great Church of the Monaftery ; 
the Arches of the Tower are all round of a Saxm Form, 
and feem to be much older than i:/6'/ir;' Third's Time. 
The Abbey-gate, which conduced you to the private 
Court of the Abbot, is a Maucr-piece of Go//;/*: Architec-r 
pxxp ; it was built in the Reign of Richard the Second, 
the Townfmen having demolifhed the former Gate in his 
Grandfather's Time, upon a Quarrel with the Monks : 
The Infjde of it is adorned with the Arms of Holland 
Duke oi Exeter^ and of Edwa7-d the Confeflbr, who was 
the Favourite Saint of Richard II. 

The reft of the public Buildings are the Guild-Hail, 
the Grammar-School endowed by King Edward VI. the 
Market-Crofs, the Wool-Hall, and the Shire-Houfe; 
nor muft we omit the Butchery, which has been lately 
built at the Expence of the prefent Earl of Brijiol, his 
Majefty's Embaflador at the Court of Spain. 

There are two Market- Days, TFccbiefdays and Satur- 
days -, the chief Market is on IFednefday^ -wWxch is very 
well ferved with all manaer of Provificns. There are 
alio three annual Fairs ; the firft on Eajier Tuefday^ the 
fecond for three Days before the Fcaft of St. MattheiVy 
Sept. 21, and three Days after ; but this is ufually pro- 
traded to an micertain Length, for the Divcrfion of the 
Nobility and Gentry that refort to it ; The third is on 
St Edmund's Day, 2\^ov. 20. 

The other Towns in this Hundred are thcfc, viz. 
B ARROW, was anciently the Lordfhip and Scat of the 
Countefs of Ghcejicr j afterwards it belonged to Bajtho- 
loinciv Lord Badlepmre, who adhering to the Earl of Lan- 
eafler againft King EdivardU. was taken Frifoner at 
BurroxU'Bri^g in Yorkfiire, and hanged at Bleen near 


Hundred of Thin go e. 217 

panterhuryy it Edward W. or A.D. 1322. By anlnqui- 
iition taken 2 EdzvardlU. he died feil'ed jointly with 
Alargaret his Wife of the Manor of Barcive in Coin. Sujf. 
and the Advowfon of the Church : Giles^ his Son and 
Heir, died {e'lkd () Edivard ill. leaving his four Sifters 
Heirs : His Widow enjoyed Barevue for Life ; but, after 
her Deceafe, 1^ Edward III. it was upon Partition af^ 
iigned to his Sifter Margaret^ then the Wife of John de 
Tybetot. Robert, the Son of JoJm de Tybeiot,, died feifed 
of Barewe, /\.6 Edivardlll. leaving his three Daughters 
Heirs. The Ruins of their Seat a little South of the 
Church, befpeak it to have been a very noble Strudlure. 
The Manor is now vefted in the Earl of Bri/iol ; the Ad- 
vowfon of the Re6tory in St. John's College, Cambridge, 

Brockley, is the Lordftilp of George Thoniaj, Efq. 

Chevington. KinglFiiiiam the Conqueror gave this 
Lordfhip to the Abbot and Convent of Bury, at the De- 
fire of Abbot Baldivyn, The Manor, Park, and Advow- 
fon of the Church were granted 31 Henry Ylll. to Sir 
ThcmasKitfon. The Earl of Br'tjiol is now Lord of the 

Flempton. This Manor belonged likewifc to Bury 
Abbey, and was granted 31 i/^«ry VIII. to Sir Thoinas 
Kitfon. Sir Willia'm Gage, Bart, now hath it. 

FoRNHAM M-Salnts, is the Lordfliip of Sir WilUam 
Gage ', in this Parifii is a Seat which belongs to Tlmiias 
Mofely, Efq, The Advowfon of the Reclory is in Clare- 
Hall, Cambr'tds,e. 

Hardwick-Z/^jz^, is extra-parochial, and came by 
Marriage from the Dritrys to the Cidlums. Near it is an 
Hofpital for fix Widows, founded by the Drurys. 


2iS Hundred <7/Thingoe. 

Hargrave. This Manor and Advowfon belonged to 
Bury Abbey, and was granted 31 Hen. VJII. to Sir Thomas 
Kitfon ; from the Kitfons they came to the Gages by Mar- 
riage, and by Sale from Sir Edward Gage to the Earl of 


Hawstead. Thomas Fkz-Eujiace had this Manor and 
Eftate 9 Edward II. but in the Reign of Edward IV. it 
belonged to the very ancient Family of Drurys^ who had 
their Seat at the Manor-Houfe called Hawjlcad-Place. 
This Family produced many famous Men, the greateft of 
whom was Sir IVilliam Drury^ who atchieved great Things 
m Ireland^ mentioned by Mr. Camhden in his Life of Queen 
Elizabeth. The Cidlwns are now in Pofleflion of this 
Manor and Seat, by marrying an Heirefs of that Family. 
The Founder of their Family was Sir Tho?nas, Citizen and 
Sheriff of Ldndon 22 Charles I. His Son Thomas Cullutn of 
this Place, was created a Baronet 18 "June, 1660. In the 
Parifli Church are fome very old Monuments of the 

Hengrave, anciently the Lordfhip oi Edmund de Hen- 
grave, in the Reign of Edward I. Thomas Hethe was Lord 
of Hengrave y A. D. 1375. Henry l^oxA Grey of Codnoure, 
had a Grant of the Manor i Richard III. but afterwards 
it came to the Kitfons, who built Hengrave-Vid\\ in Henry 
the Eighth's Time, and made it their Seat. It has for 
fome Defcents been in the Family of the Gages, from 
Jl<firry Daughter and Coheir of Sir Thomas Kitfon it de- 
fcended to Sir Edward Gage, as Inheritor of his Mother's 
Eftate. George Gage, of HengravC'UzW, Efq; was created 
a Baronet i^July, 1662. The Honour and Eftate is 
r.ow veftcd in Sir IFilHam Gage, Bart. The Houfe is ex- 
t'cmely large, and defervedly efteemed one of the fineft 
old Fabricks in Efigland. There are a few Monuments 
in the Church, among which thofe cf the Bouchiers Earls 
vf Bflt'^, are the mort famous. 


Hundred c/Thingoe. 219 

HoRNiNGSHERTH, commonly called Horringer, Here 
were formerly two Parifh Churches, diftinguifhed by the 
Names of Horningjherth Magna ^ and PaTva : The latter 
Church is quite demoiifhed. The Parifhes were confo- 
lidated A.D. 1548. They feem formerly to have be- 
longed to Bury Abbey, and are now the Lordfhip of Sir 
Charles Vavers^ who is Patron of the Church. Here are 
two Fair? for Lambs, ori St. 'John Baptiji's Day, and St. 
Bartholoineivs Day, upon the Sheep Green j at the up- 
per End of which Valentmc Mianbce^ Efqj hath built a 
neat Seat. 

HoRsECROFT, IS a Hamlet to Horrtnger^ in which the 
very ancient Family of the Lucas's refided. The Eftate 
was purchafed by Mr. Turner^ of Bury. 

IcKWORTH, formerly belonged to the Abbey of Bury , 
by the Gift of Tbeodred, Bifhop of London. The whole 
Parifh is now converted into a Park, in which is the 
Seat of the Family of Hervc-ys, who acquired this Eftate 
by their Marriage with the Drurys. John Lord Hervey 
was created a Baron of this Realm by the Title of Lord 
Hervey of Ickworth^ by Queen Anne j and his Lordfhip 
was advanced to the more honourable Title of Earl of 
Brijiol, by his Majefty King George \. The prefent Earl 
is the Grandfon of John the firft Earl. In this Place the 
late learned Dr. Battley^ Archdeacon of Caiiterbury^ afferts, 
that in his Memory a large Pot of Roman Money was 
found. The Park is full nine Miles in Circumference, 
and may juftly vie with any one in this Illand. 

Lack FORD. Hugh de St. Ph'debert died feifed of the 
Manors of Lackford and Blemton in Suffolk^ 7 EdivardlYl, 
The Advowfon of the Re£tory, late belonging to Bury 
Abbey, was granted 2 Mary to Edward Lord North, and 
John WilliarrfS, It is at prefent the Ivorjfhip of Samuel 
fientj Efq. 

Now TON, 

220 Hundred <?/Thingoe. 

Now TON, is theLordfhip of Sir Charles Davers^ who 
is Patron likewife of the Church, and of all the Villages 
near Bury j it enjoys the moft beautiful Situation. 

Reed, confifleth of two Manors; Plckards, which is 
the Earl of 5r//?,5/'s ; and i^^r^-HalJ, which belongs to 
Philips Coleman^ of Ipfivich, Efq. In this Parifli is a Man- 
fion called Downlngs^ the Inheritance of the ancient Fa- 
mily of Spavrowe. The Church is in the Gift of the 

RisBY. King ^(^/if^r^ the ConfefTor gave this Manor 
to Bury Abbey ; it was granted in -t^i Henry VIII. to Sir 
Tlmnas Kit/on i and is now veftcd in Sir William Gage, 

SAXHAM-Mag»a. The Manor and Advowfon belonged 
to Buiy Abbey, and were granted 33 Henry VIII. to Sir 
Richard Long and his Wife. It v/as for many Years the 
Seat of the Family of Eldred. Revet Eldred^ of this Place, 
Efq; was created a Baronet 29 Jan. 1641 ; but the Ho- 
nour is now extincl. The Hall and Eilate is now iii the 
Pofleffion of Hutcbirifon Mure^ Efq; who purchafed it of 
the late Mr. Eldred. 

SAXHAM-Parva. Thomas Hethe was Lord of Saxha?n- 
Parva, about the Year 1375; but this Place is moft 
noted for having been the Seat of the Family of the Lucas's, 
and afterwards of the Crofts ; of which IFilliam Crofts, 
Efq; was by K. Charles II. at BruJJels in Brabant^ created 
Lord CrcftSy of Saxhatn ; he leaving no Male IfTuc, the 
Honour became extind at his Death : But the Hall and 
Eftate here belong now to JlilUam Crofts^ Efq; who 15 
a Gentleman of that Family, and rcfides chiefly at Har- 
ling in NorflL 

SovTH- Park f 

Hundred c/Thingoe. 221 

SouTH-Park, Southivood^ or Southwell-^ atk^ is an ex- 
traparochial Place ; the gieateft Part of which belongs to 
Gi/bert Affieck^ Efq. 

Westly, was anciently the Lordfhip of the Abbot of 
Bury^ by the Gift of Bifliop Alfric^ furnamed the Good^ 
and granted 31 //*'«;■;' VIII. to Sir Thojtms Kitfon. It is 
now veiled in Sir WiUlmn Gage. The Advowfon of the 
Rectory is in Clare-Hall^ in Cajnhridge. 

Whepstead. The Manor and Advowfon here were 
given to Bury Abbey, by Theodred Biftiop of London^ and 
granted to Sir William Driiry 31 Henry Vlll. The firft 
is now vefted in Mr. Grigby^ of Bury ; and the latter in 
Wx. Horrcx. oi Lmdm. 


[ 222 ] 

Hundred <?/ Thedvvas tre. 

TH E HundreJ of Theuvjajlre is bounded on the 
South by the Hundreds of Babergh and Cosford'^ 
on the Eaji by the Hundred of Stow, on the 
Kcrth hy the Hundred of Blackboimi -y and on the Weji 
by the Hundred of Thirigoe. 

Amp TON", was anciently the Lordfhip of the AVoot of 
Bury. The Calthorpes have long refided at Ampton-HzW^ 
which is now vefted in James Calthorpey Efq. 

Barton, called Great Barton, to diftinguifh it from 
Little Barton or Barton -Mills., \x\ Lackford }rl\i\-\ixQd^ was 
formerly the Lordfliip of the Abbot of Bury. Bi/hop 
Theodred gave one Part of Barton ; Edvcin, a wealthy 
Man, gave another Part ; and Erec the Provoft, the 
other Part : We don't find to whom the Manor, Rec- 
tory and Advowfon of the Vicarage of this Place were 
granted j but a Parcel of Land in Great Barton^ called 
Ox-Pajlure^ containing One Hundred Acres, late belong- 
ing to Bury Abbey, was granted 3 r Henry VIII. to Sir 
Thomas Kitfon. But fince this has been the Eftate of the 
ancient Family of the Cottons, who dwelt at AV^5«-HaU 
in this Parifh, which was purchafed by TIjomas Folkes, Efqj 

of Audlt-y^ Efq; by whom the prefent Manfion was 

built. The Manor and a confiderable Eftate with it, 
was conveyed to Sir Thomas Hanmer, Bart, who married 
the Daughter and Heirefs of Mr. 'Folkcs. It is now the 
Seat of the Rev. Sir William Biinbury, Bart, the Nephew 
and Heir of Sir Thomas Hanincr^ and of late Years hath 


Hundred of Thedwastre. 22^ 

been very confiderably improved by him ; whofe Son \i 
now Reprefentative of the County. 

Beighton, though a fmall Village, has a Donation 
for a LeiSlure on the firfl Thurfday in every Month. The 
Lordihip of it belongs to the Crown, and the Re6lory is 
in the Gift of the Lord Chancellor. 

Bradfield-C(?wZ/////. This Manor belonged to Giles 
Lord Badlcfmere, whofe Daughter Margery married Wil- 
Ha?n Lord Roos, of Ha?nelake ; and after her Mother's 
Deceafe had Bre7ide B md/Ield afiigncd to her, i^Edvj. III. 
Tho?nas Lord Rofs died 8 Richard IL feifed of the Manors 
of Wyfette and Brcndc Bradficld. Mr. Blorafield fpeaks of 
the Jcrvaces of Si'Jton-H?\\^ in Burnt- Bradjichl^ and of 
Mr. Edmund Wright's marrying the Heirefs of the Family. 
The Heir of the late Dr. Young has the Advowfon of the 
Church and Lordfhip, 

Br ADFiELD 5/. C/«7v. The Lordfliip belongs to Ed^ 
ward PPaiyeve, Efq; defcended from an old Fa.mily in 
this County. (See Brettenbam, in Cosford.) 

Bradfield St. George^ or AIonks-Bradfield, fo called 
for Diftinftion j becaufe the Manor and Advowfon of the 
Church belonged to the Abbey of Bury, by the Gift of 
Bifliop Alfric, and Earl Ulfketel. They were granted 31 
Henry VIII. to Sir Thomas Jertnyn, Knt. and are now 
vefted in Sir Charles Davers, Bart. 

Drinkeston. Henry Lord Bouchier 4^\tdi feifed of the 
Manor of Dringcjlon in Suffolk, 23 Edward IV. The 
Manor and Advowfon are novf vefted in T^homas Mofeley, 
Efq. Here is the new erected Seat oiJoJImaGrighy, Efq. 

Felsham. This belonged to the Abbot of Bury, by 

ihcGift of Earl Ulfhtel : There is a neat Manfion here, 

"2 ' being; 


being lately the Seat of the late Mr. Reynolds, and now of 
Dr. Scott ; and there is a confidcrabie Fair for Lambs orl 
the fifth of AuguJ}. 

FoRNHAM 5/. Genoveve. The Manor formerly be- 
longed to the Abbot of Buryy and was granted 31 Henry 
VIII. to Sir Thomas K'ltfon. It is now veiled in Sir IVil- 
linm Gage, Bart. Samuel Kent, Efq; has a Seat in this 
Parifh. At this Place 20 Henry U. or J.D. 1173* 
Richard de Lucy CJiief Juflice of England, and Humphrey 
deBohun the King's Conftable, beat Robert Earl of Lei- 
cefter in a pitched Battle, and killed ten thoufand Fle- 
mings, whom he had got over to his AflSftancc. M. Blom- 
feld faith, " Their Sepulchres are now to be feen near 
*' a Place called Rytner-Howk, on the Right-hand of the 
*' Road leading from Thetford to Bury^ and are now 
*' called the Seven Hills, though there are many more j 
" but k\'cn of them being much larger than the refl:, are 
'* particularly taken notice of by thofe that pjifs this Way, 
*' under which, mod: probably, the Commanders were 
« buried." 

FoRNHAiM St. Martin. This Manor alfo belonged to 
the Abbot of B^/.ry, and was granted with the other Forn- 
ham 31 Henry V'lII. to Sir ^ihomas Kitfon. It is now 
vefted, as well as the Advowfon of the Church, in Samuel 
Kent, Efq. In this Parifli is the Seat of Mrs. Ord^ 
Daughter of the iate Mr. Hutchinjon. 

Gedding. In this Parifli is the Seat of the Heirs of 
Bokenham, Efq. The Advowfon of the Church 

tvas, by the Will of Jeremiah Cr.iUng, given to the Cor- 
poration of Ipfivich ; and upon a Vacancy the Bailives, the 
cldcft Portman not being one of the Bailives, the Recor- 
der and the Town-Clerk for the Time being, are to no- 
minate a Clerk. The Manor belongs to the Daughters 
of the late M.". B:!:cKham. 


Hundred <?/ Th e d wast r. e. 225 

Hesset, orHEDGSETT, was the Lordfhip of the Ab- 
bot of Bury^ by the Gift of Earl Ulfhtd^ and granted 32 
Henry V III. to Thomas Bacon. Michael le Hcup., Efq; 
has a Seat here, and is in Poflenion both of the Ad- 
vowfon and Manor. 

'LiWE'RMO'K'E- Magna. John Bokenharn was Lord of this 
Manor and Patron of the Church, A. D. ij^6j ; his Son 
John died feifed 1484 ; Tho?nas Bokenharn died feifed 1 535 ; 
John Bokenhaniy the laft Heir Male of this Family, died 
feifed 1551, leaving Dorothy his Sifter and Heirefs, who 
married Thomas Caryl Earl of StiJ/ex., who probably fold 
her Eftate here. The Abbot and Convent of U^arclen m 
Bedfordfli'ire^i had a Grange at Llverjnorc before lo Ric. I. 
and a Manor or Grange at Livermore in Sn^o'k, in-the 
Occupation of Edward Biickwoul and Cleinent He'igham^ 
was granted 38 Henry "^ III. to Richard and Roger Ta- ^ 
verner, as late belonging to that Abbey. This Benefice, 
and that of Liver/nor e-parva ^ are confolidated, and are in 
the Gift of Baptiji Lee^ Efq; who is likewife Lord of the 

Pakenham. The Family of the Springs have long 
had their Seat here, who came originally from Houghton, 
a Village in the Biftioprick of Durham ; which has been 
always called Houghton-le-Spring, to diflinguifh it U&m 
other Towns of that Name. The firfl of the Family 
who made any Figure in this County, was Thotnas Spring., 
oi L(wenha}n, the rich Clothier, who died J.D. 1510; 
and lies buried in the Church at Lttvenhaniy under a Mo- 
nument of his own Eredlion. From him dcfcendcd Wil- 
liam Springs of Pakenham, who was. created a Baronet 
II Jugujl, 1641. The late Sir JViUic7n Spring dying 
without llFue, the Honour came to his Uncle, i:nd his 
Eftate to his two Sifters ; who were married to the late 
Thomas DifcipHru^ Efq; and the Rev. Dr. SymorJs. I'h:: 
Q. Vicar.ige 

2 26 Hundred of Thedwastre. 

Vicarage and Manor are veiled in the two Daughters of 
Mrs. Dlfeipline. 

The ancient Family of the UEjhayiget had alfo a Seat 
here, which was purchafcd by John Curzvin, Efq; and 

now belongs to Hollif/gfwcrtb, Efq. '1 he Mo- 

nojlicon i'aith. King Edivard gave Pakenham to the Abbot 
and Convent of Bury ; but perhaps they had little her« 
but the Impropriation and Advowfon of the Vicarage, 

The Family of the AJhfiehh had formerly their Seat 
at Nether-Hall, in this Parifh. John JJJifield was the 
firit High-SherifF of 5"z/^^/i, ( fepara ted from A'sr/cz/yf) 17 
Elizabeth ; from whom defcended Sir yohn JJhjield., of 
Nether- HalU Knt. who was created a Baronet in 1626. 
That Family is now extinct, and the Vicarage and Manor 
are vefted in Edmund Tyrrell^ Ffq^ 

Rattlesden, belonged \.o Ely in King -E^zf^r-^ the 
Confeflbr's Time : The Manor was alienated from the 
Bifhopricic of Ely^ 4 Elizabeth, and granted 2 'Jac. I. to 
Philip Tyfe and William Blake ; being then valued at 43/. 
9 J. qXd per Amimn. It is now \cil:cd, as well as the 
Advowfon, in Thomas Mojeley, E)q. 

RoUGHAM, was given to the Abbey of Bury by Earl 
Uljketel, and granted ^^ Heriry VIII. to S'w Jrthur Drury ; 
in whofc Family it continued till 1640 : Soon after which 
it was in the Poireffion of Sir Jeffery Benwell, Knt. whofe 
only Daughter married Robert Wolpole, of Houghton in 
Norfolk, Efq; of whom it was purchafed by Sir Robert 
Davers, Bait, who fold it to Clc77ience Corrance, Efq; 
v.'hofe Family hath now Part of the Eftate, formerly pof- 
ffflcd by the Drury^, together with the Lcrdftiip and Seat 
of Raughcwi Place. 

Rsugham-IIa/l, formerly part of the Eftate belonging 
to the Drurys, was lately the Seat of jfohn Cooke, Efq. 
It is now, with Part of the Manor, vefted in Mrs. Neden, 
Daughter of the late John Cocke, Efq; and Wife of Ge- 

Hundred <?/ Th e d wa s tr e. 227 

rard Neden, D. D. Sir Robert Davets^ Bart, is Patron oi 
the Church. 

Another Manfion in this Parifli was formerly the Seat 
of the Mcdtyzvards^ and now of Pell Heigham^ £fq. 

In this Parifh is alfo the Manor oi Eldo, alias Old- Hall, 
or Oldhaugh, as it is ftiled in the moll ancient Books. It 
was a Gran;^e of the Abbot of Bury, and was granted by 
King Henry VIII. with other large Demefnes to the Jer~ 
myns j and is now vetted in Mrs. Symondsy who inherited 
it from her Mother one of the Heirs-General of Lord 

RusHBROOK. The Manor here belonged to the Abbey- 
of Bury^ and was once in the PolFefiion cf the Rujhbrooksy 
a very old Family, who took their Name from that Town. 
It has been remarkable, fince the Dillblution, for the 
Family of the Jermyns, who have had their Seat at Riifo^- 
brook Hall. Sir TJjomas yermyn w^as Privy Counfellor and 
Comptroller of the Houihcld to King Charlcsl. His fe- 
cond Son Henry Jermyn, was Matter of the Horfe, and 
Chamberlain to his Qiieen : He was created Lord Jcrrrpi 
of St. Edmondjhury, 8 Sept. 1644 ; and at Brcdah in Bra- 
bant 27 April 1660, was by King Charles II. created Earl 
oi St. Albans; and in the Year 1672, was created Knight 
of the Garter. He died unmanieJ, and the Title of Earl 
of St. Album being limited to him, becan:e extiniSl. Tho- 
mas his elder Brother, being then dead, the Tide of Loid 
Jerwyn Baron of St. Edmondjhury ^ defcended to Thomas 
Jer?n-;ny Efqi the elder Brother's Son ; and Henry the iz- 
cond Son, was by King ^ames II. created Baron oi Dover, 
and died without Iflue in 1708. This Family concluded 
in Fleirs-General, the eldeft of which was married X.o Ro- 
bert Davers, Efq; only Son of Sir Robert Davas, Bart, of 
Rougharn, (o created 12 Alayy 1082; by which means 
this Eftate and Scat was brought into the Family cf 
Davers, and are now vetted in Sir Robert Daver:, Earr. 
Q^ 2 Son 

228 Hundred of T he d wa s t r e. 

Son of the late Sir Jerwyn Davers^ who reprefented the 
County for many Years. In the Church are feveral Mo- 
numents of the Jennyns. 

TosTOCK. The Manor here belonged to Brithulf^ 
the Son of Leomar j and Baldwin Abbot of Bury St. Ed- 
munds, begged this and fome other Eftates of IVilllam the 
Conqueror : Afterwards it came into the Family of the 
Lords North and Grey, who had their Seat at Tojlock- 
Place, which now is vefted in Tkornas Mofeley,, Efq. But 
probably here was alfo another Manor ; for the Manor 
of T'£/?(jri-Hall is faid to have been William Berdewell's, 
A. D. 1445. 

Thurston. Thomas de Multzn, o{ Egromont, 18 Rd. I. 
obtained a Market on Tuefdays, and a Fair on the Eve, 
Day, and Morrow of St. Mary Magdalen, at his Manor 
of Ihurjlanejhn, in Suffolk ; which we take to be this 
Place. John de Multon his Son, died feifcd of it 8 Ed, III. 
The Church was impropriated to Bury Abbey, and the 
Rectory and Advowfon of the Vicarage granted 5 'Jac, I. 
to JVilliam Blake and George Tyte. 

Tin WORTH, was lately confolidated with Ingham.-, 
Earl Cornwallis is Patron of the Church, and Lord of the 

WHELNETHAM-Afa^wrt. In a Chapel here dedicated 
to Thomas Bscket, was a fmall Houfe of Crouched or Crojfed 
Friers, which was granted by King Henry Vill. to Jn- 
thony Rous. Sir IFilliam Bunhury is now Patron of the 
Church, and the Manor belongs to A'Irs. Symonds, Grand- 
daughter of Lord Jermyn. 

There were found formerly in digging. Abundance 

of Potlhcrds and Platters of Roman i'larth, lome of which 

had infcriptions j as alio Coals, iiones of Sheep and Uxen, 

many Horns, a facrilicing Knife, Urns and Allies : This 

7 is 

HuNDR ED <?/TheD W A S T R E . 2 ? 9 

\s Cambden' s Account. And, of late Years, fome Difco- 
veries have been made of fevcral Roman Coins. 

WHELNETHAM-P<^r^'^. Bartholo?miv Burgherjh, 23 
Edward III. had, in Right of his Wife, who was Daughter 
and Heirefs of Richard de Weyland^ free Warren in the 
Manor of Whelnetham^ in Suffolk j and died feifed thereof 
43 Edward III. Edward le Difpenfer^ who married Burg- 
herjh\ Daughter, died 49 Edward III. feifed of the Manor 
o^ Whelnetham-Parva., in Suffolk j and Edward de Langley 
Y.2A ox Rutland., died 3 Henry Y, at the Battle o'i A gin- 
court., feiied of the Manor of JVhelnetham., in Suffolk. The 
Lordfhip and Patronage of the Church are now in Sir 
Robert Davers^ Bart. 

WooLPiT, orWALPiTT, This is faid in the Mo- 
Tiajlicon, p. 292. to have been given to Bury Abbey by 
King Edward the Confeflbr ; and p. 294. it is faid to have 
been given by Earl Ulfketel. However this be, the Manor, 
Advowfon of the Re£fory, a Warren, and a great many 
Lands, Failures and Woods, in Elmfwdl ai^d jyalpitt., 
were granted 8 Jac. 1. to Sir Robert Gardiner., Knt. as 
Parcel of the Pofleffions of Bury Abbey. Here is a con- 
fiderable Fair for Horfes and other Cattle, which begins 
annually on the fixth of September, and holds a Week. 
The Lordfhip of the Manor belongs to Mr. Grigby. It 
is in this Parifh where one fees the Bounds between the 
Geldable and the Liberty of St. Edmund. 

0^3 Hundred 

[ 230 ] 

Hundred of Blackbourn, 

J^LACKBOURN Hundred lieth Eajl of Lackfordy 
J^ and JVeJlo^ Hart I finer e \ it is parted on the A'o;-/// 
{xiixxi Norfolk by the Little Oiife^ ^nd bounded on 
the Sciith by the Hundreds of Stow, Thedivajlre, and 
TJnngoc. This Hundred was granted as Parcel of the 
PofTtTiions of Bury Abbey, 3 Eli%. to Sir Nicholas Bacon, 
Km. and is v.oyv vclkd in Rotvland Holt, Efq; whofe 
great Uncle Lord Chief Juflicc Holt purchafed it of the 
Bacon Family. It contains the following Parifhes, viz. 

AsHFiELD. The Sniiihs have long rcfided in this Pa- 
rifiij in a Scat called the Lee. 

B.\D\VELL-4/h, or Little A/hfiehL The Lordfliip of 
TFilliajn Crehetote, the 9th Edw. I. The Manors and 
Rectories of both thefe Paiifhes belonged to Jxworth 
Priory, and were granted at the Plfiblution to Richard 
CcdingtoK, and Elizabeth his Wife. Here is alfo the Ma- 
nor oiShackerland in this Pari(h, now belonging to 

Ckiigh, Efq. 

Bard WELL, was in the 9th Edxv. III. the Lordfhip of 
'John Pakeuham, and Ifiibella de IVykes j afterwards it came 
into the Family of Read, one of whom married the 
Daughter and Heirefs onVilUam Crofts, afterwards created! 
Lord Crofts, oi SaxLa/n ; from which Marriage they took 
the N amc of Crcfts, and it is now the Lordftiip of Thomas 
Crofts- Read, Efq. 


Hundred of Blackbourn. it^x 

It is faid there was a Family who took, their Name 
from this Town, where they lived in the Conqueror's 
Time ; and it appears from tlie Account given of them 
inMr. B/oTw/^/i'sHift-of AV/c/yt, p. 202. that Sir WU~ 
Ham Berdewelle ^ the great Warrior, whole EfSgics flill 
remains in painted Glafs in a A^or/Z? Window of the Church, 
died feifed of this Manor in King Henry Vlth's Reign, 
or A. D. 1434. 

Barnham, confifts of two Parifhes, St. Martin and 
St. Gregory ; having formerly had two Parifh Churches, 
but the Church of St. Martin is now in Ruins : It was 
formerly the Lordfliip of "Jokn de Shyrtle, and now be- 
iongeth to his Grace the Duke of Grafton. Here are a 
Bank, of ten or eleven Tumuli between RuJJjford, Et/Jhn, 
Ba)-nham, and Thetford; where, as Mr. Biomfield thinks, 
that great Battle between King Edmund and the Danes 
fecms to have been fought, A. D. 871. 

Barningham, formerly the Lordfhip of John de 
Montfort, 9 Edward]. The Family of the Sheltons long 
refided here ; of whom the Duke of Graftm purchafcd 
the Mefiuage and Eftatc in or near this Parifh, called 
Barningha7n-P ark. 

Go^Y-lFe/lcn, formerly the Lordfhip of the Abbot of 
Bury ; and now of John Reiiiy, Efq. 

CuLFORD, was formerly given to the Abbot o^ Buryy 
by Turketel Tyreing, alias Dreing^ and granted 32 Henry 
VIII. to Chri/iopher Cote. This Village is adorned with 
a neat Seat, built by Sir Nieholas Bacon, It now belongs 
to the Right Hon, Earl Corfizvaltis, who chiefly refides 
here, and is Lord of the Manor. 

Elmsm'ELL. This Lordthip was given to Bury Ab- 
bey by King Echvin, and granted 8 Jac. 1. to Rohejt Gar- 
diner J and is now veiled in lVillia?n Cliapman^ Efq. 


232 Hundred of Black bo urn. 

EusTON, was formerly the Lord/hip of a Family of 
that Name ; afterwards it dcfcended to the Family of 
PattiJ})all\ from them to Sir Henry Bennett who by King 
CkvLsU. was made Secretary of State, and created Lord 
Jrlington^ Vifcount Thctfard^ and Earl of Jrlington. He 
built EujicttHaW, and leaving only one Daughter Ifak/'o; 
married to Henry Fitz-Roy^ one of King Charles the Se- 
cond's natural Sons by the Duchefs of Cleveland^ he was 
by his Father created Karl of Eujhn and Duke oi Graf- 
ton', and this is now the Seat of his great Grandfon his 
Grace the prefeiit Duke of GrafUn. 

Fakfnham Great, formerly the Lordfliip of Gun- 
drcd dc IVarren, defcended from the Earls of Surry ; af- 
terwards by Marriage it came to the Nevils; from them 
to the Crown. It was granted by Henry VI. to Reginald 
de Wejhy who died feifed of Fakenham-Afpes in Suffolk^ 
29 Henry VI. His Son, a great Favourite of Henry VIII. 
enjoyed it. Afterwards it was in Pofl'efllon of the Tal- 
machs j from whom it pafTed through the Taylors to the 
Duke of Grafton, who is ncnv Lord of the Manor. 

F AKV.KH AM Little, now in part, if not all imparked 
with Eiiflon ; there are no Remains of a Church, but 
there is a Sine-cure in his Grace's Gift. 

Hepworth. Gilbert de Blund hzd this Lord/hip when 
Domefday-Book was made ; afterwards it was given to 

the Abbot of Bury ; and is now veiled in . Ord, 

Efq; and Mr. Nuun. 

HiNDERCLAY, was the Lordfhip and Demefne of the 
Abbey oi Bury St. Ed7nwuls, given thereto together with 
Redgrave, Rickengale, JVulpit, Rougham, P art ( iBradfieldy 
Heljlmm and Hedgefj'et, by Vlfkciel Earl of the Eajl- Angles y 
afterwards it came into the family of the Bacons, and was 
fold by Sir Edmund Bacon, of Garboldijham in Norfolk^ to 


Hundred (t/" Black bourn. 25^ 

Sir "John Holt, Lord Chief Juftice ; and is now vefted in 
Rowland Holt, Efq; his great Nephew. 

HoPTON. Henry Lord Bouchier died feifed of th? yiA- 
nor of Hopton, 2^ -Edward IV. it afterwards belonged to 

the Abbot of Bury, and is now vefted in Ca- 

vendijh, Efq. 

HoNiNGTON. The Lordlhip of this Parifh did like- 
wife belong to the Abbey of Bury, but now to his Grace 
the Duke of Grafton. 

HuNSTON, anciently the Lordfhip and Demefne of 
TFilliam de Langham ; the Manor and Redlory was grant- 
«d to Richard Codington and Elizabeth his Wife, 30 Henry 
VIII. as Parcel of the FoffefTions of Ixworih Priory, 
Jrthur Heigham, Efqj now refides in a good old Seat ia 
this Parifh. 

Ingham, was formerly the Lord{hJp of John de Ing- 
ham : The Manor and Advowfon o( Ingham were granted 
to Sir Nicholas Bacon, 31 Henry V III. as Part of the Pof- 
feffions of Bury Abbey. The Lordfhip of Ingha?n with 
Tunworth, is now veiled in Earl Cormuallis. 

IxwoRTH, is a Thorough-fair Tovv^n, fituated on the 
Road from Bury to Yarmouth : It has a mean Market 
every Week on Friday. Here are two Fairs, one on May- 
day, the other on j8 O^ob. It is a dirty ill built Town, 
yet it is memorable for a Religious Houfe founded by 
Gilbert de Blund, or Blount, about the Year iioo, in a 
pleafant Valley by the River Side. Its Order was of Ca- 
nons Regular of St. Aujiin, and dedicated to the Virgin 
Mary. It had many Benefactions, being valued at its 
Suppreffion at 280/. gj. ^d. 2ls Speed hys, ; but at 168/. 
^95. '] d. zccoiding to Dugdale. At the Diifolution, as 
appears by a monumental Infcription on the Nirth Side 


234 Hundred (?/Blackbourn. 

of the Altar, it was granted by Henry VIII. to Rlchm-d 
Codhigtoi and Elizabeth his Wife, in Exchange for the 
Manor of Noncfuch^ in S2ory, Afterwards it was in tlie 
Family oi Fiennes, It has for feme time been in the Norton 
Family, who have built a neat Manfion where the Priory 
ftood, which is now the Seat of Richard Norton, Efq. 

IxwoRTH-77;c;/>. The chief Eftate and RecStory be- 
longed to Ixtvorih Priory, and were granted .to the afore - 
faid Richard and Elizabeth Codington. Tho?nas Crofts Ready 
Elqj is now Lord of this Manor. 

Knattishall, or Gnattshall. John de Her- 
lyngy of Eajl-Herlyng in Norfolk, was Lord here A. D. 
1360; and it continued long in that Name and Family. 
Sir 77?a;;ifli Zcw/ died feifed of this Manor A. D. 1522, 
and left it to his Coufin Francis Lo'vcl, and it is now vefled 
in Ca'jcndif), Efq. 

Lang HAM, formerly the Lord(hip o^ JFilliam deCri- 
ketatc; it is now vefted in Patrick Blake, Efq; who hath 
ixow a Seat here. 

LivERMORE-Z-7V//<?, anciently gave Name to Bartho- 
hmew Livcrmore, who v/as Lord of the Manor: After- 
wards it was Mr. Coke's, who built the Hail, and left it 
to the Duke of Grafton, who fome time refided here. 
Bapti/i Lee, Efq; has greatly augmented this neat Man- 
fion, inclofcd it with a large Park, and has made it his 

Norton, was the Lordfhip of Jchn de Pakenham, 
9 Edivard III. Here was lately the Seat of the Millefons ; 
then oi AHllefn Edgar, Efq; a Dcfcendant from the Heirefs 
of that I'amily, who fold it to Alderman Alacro, oi Bury; 
whofe Son the Rev. Cox Macro, D. D. now enjoys it. 
It goes by the Name oi Little Law, or Little Loe-UzW. 


Hundred 0/ Black bourn. 235 

RiCHENGALE-/w/^nVr, anciently the Lordfliip and 
Demefne of Ulfketel, Earl of the Eaji- Angles : He being 
killed in the Battle of AJfmgdon^ in EJfcx^ left this Manor 
to the Monks of Bury : Afterwards it was granted to 
Sir Nicholas Bacon^ and fold with divers others to Lord 
Chief Juftice Holt^ by Sir Edmund Bacon \ and now be- 
longs to Rowland Holt, £fq. 

Sapiston. Gilbert de Blund had this Lordfhip when 
the Survey in Domefday-Book was taken, and made it 
Part of the Endowment of his Priory at Ixworih. The 
Manor, Re£lory, and a Grange here, were granted to 
Pochard and Elizabeth Codington before-mentioned, 30 
Henry Will. The Manor is now vefled in the Duke 
of Grafton. 

. Stanton, confifts of two Parifhes, St. John and Jll- 
Saints, and lieth upon the Road from Ixzvorth to Boicf- 
dale. Here is a Fair Yearly on the laft Day of May^ and 
the firft Day oi June. King Edward the Confcffor gave 
the Manor and Advowfon of All-Saints to the Abbey of 
Bury ; and they were granted 31 Henry VIII. to Sir 
Thomas Jermyn, Knt. The Advowfon of St. John's be- 
longed to Robert AJlifitld. The two Rectories were con- 
folidated A.D. 1457. '^^^ Manor is nov/ veiled ia 
Edward Capell, Efq. 

Stowlangtoft, fo called as fome think, from the 
Family oi Langtofts who lived here, to diftinguifli it from 
other Towns named Stow, in this County. The Hall or 
Manor-Houfe, was the Seat of Jefferey Peche, g Ed. III. 
but afterwards of the D'Ezves. The learned Sir Simon 
D'Ewcs, Knt. was created a Baronet 15 July, 1641. 
That Family is now extindl. The Lordfliip and De- 
mefne in this Parifli was .for fome time the Eftate of 
Thomas Norton^ Efq; but is now vefled, by Purchafe, in 


2^6 Hundred of Blackbourn. 

Sir Thofnas Rawlinfon, Knt. Lord-Mayor of London in 
the Year 1754. The Church is faid to have been built 
about 45 £iu/. III. or J.D. 1370, by Robert Dacy^oi 
4/hfieldy who died in 1401 ; and before his Death was 
called Robert Afnfield. In the Chancel is a nobi^ Monu- 
ment for that great Scholar Sir Simon D'Ewes. 

Thelnetham, corruptly galled Feltham^ anciently 
the Lordfliip and Demefne of John de Thelnetham. It is 
now vefted in Dr. Thrujion. 

Troston, formerly belonged to the Abbot of Bury; 
then it was in the Family of Maddox : it is now vefted 
in Mrs. Brundifa. 

"W A'Lsn Am inthe Willows. Gilbert de Blimd had a 
Lordfhip here in King William the Conqueror's Time, 
which he probably made Part of the Endowment of his 
Priory of /vu/W//j. For at the Diffolution, a Manor in 
Wal/ham^ and the Reflory and Lands called Eajl-Houfe 
Lands, were granted as Parcel of the Pofleflions of that 
Priory to Richard and Elizabeth Codington, Co often men- 
tioned, l\'July, 3o/f^«ryVIII. And this is probably 
the Manor and Ellate now belonging to Rowland Holty 
Efq. Another Manor in Waljham belonged to William 
de la Pole Duke of Suffolk, in Henry Vlth's Reign j and 
upon the Attainder of fome of his Defcendants, was 
granted 6 Henry VIII. to George Y.^ixX oi Shrew/bury -, and 
this feems to be the Eftate which hath for fome time be- 
longed to the Family of Hunt, and is now vefted in a 
Maiden Lady of that Name. 

Watesfield, vulgarly called Watchfield, was 
the Lordfhip of the Abbot of Bury. It is now vefted in 
Nocold Tompfon, Efqi and Mr. Samuel Moody. 


Hundred ^/Blackbourn. 237 

Weston -Market, anciently the Lordfhip of Hugh 
Hovel y afterwards It defcended to the Family of Boktn- 
ham, from them to the Tyrr^h, and is now vefted in Dr. 
Tbrujion, who has his Seat here. 

Westow. It appears by a mural Monument in the 
Chancel, that the Crofu were in Poflefiion of this Manor 
as early as the Time oi Edward IIL and there is a Roll 
yet extant of a Court held in his Reign by one of that 
Family. Afterwards it was the Abbots of Bury \ then 
the Kitfons ; after them the Bacon's ; and then came into 
the Family of Progen ; and is now vefted in Sir Sydenlj^.m 
Fowke^ who married the Heirefs of. ProgerSy and makes 
the Hall his Seat. 

WoRDWELL, anciently the Lordfhip of Thomas dc 
Wordiveli It is now vefted in Earl Cormvcliis. 


[ 238 ] 

Hundred of Lackford. 

T ACKFORD Hundred is parted from the County 
J-^ of Cambridge by the River Catn^ and from the 
County of Norfolk by the Little Oufe ; and is 
bounded on the Eaji and Scuth-Eajl by the Hundreds of 
Blackhourn and Thingoe. It contains the follow iiig 
Parifhes, 'viz. 

Bartou -Mills, or Z/V//,,'-Barton, to diftinguiili it 
from another Parifii of this Name, in the Hundred of 
Thedwq/ire. The Manor here was given to the Abbey 
of Bu}-y, by one Rcbcrt Hoo ; and at the Diflblution was 
granted to Simon Stewart, 'j Edward Y\. But the Ad- 
vowfon of the Church was given to the College of Stoke, 
by Clare j and at the Diflblution fell to the Crown. 

Brandon, is fituated on the Little Oufe^ which is na- 
gablc from Lynn to this Town. The Town is pretty 
vyell built, and the Road lies through it from St. Edinumh- 
lury to Lynn. The Manor and Advowfon of the Church, 
which is a very good Structure, belonged to the Bifiioprick 
oi' Ely until the 4th Year of Queen Elizabeth, when it was 
alienated from it. It was granted to Charles Duke of 
Toik 3 y^/i-. I. Weft from the Church is the Seat of 
Jofeph Birch, Efq. This Town has a fmall Market on 
Fridays, and three Fairs, vi-z. on 14 February, nth of 
■y^w, and the nth oi' Nuvernbcr. The Lordfhip now 
belongs to Rozuland Holt, Efq. The Town was firft ho- 
noured by giving the Title of a Baron io Charles Gerrard, 
who was by King Charles I. created Lord Gerrard, of 


■Hundred <?/ L ackford. 239 

Brandon. He was afterwards by King Charles'M. created 
Earl of Macklesfield -J but that Family being extin6i Queen 
jinne in 171 1 created T)uV.q Hamilton a Peer oi Englandy 
by the Stile and Title of Baron Dutton and Duke of 
Brandon \ whofe great Grand Ton now enjoys this Title. 
The Town furniftied London with a Lord-Mayor in 1445, 
who was John Eyre^ Son of John Eyre^ Draper. He built 
Leadenhall for the Ufe of the City, and left befides that 
five thoufand Marks, (a prodigious Sum in thofe Days) 
to charitable Ufes. He died 18 Sept. 1459. 

Cavenham, for Sbortnefs called Canham, was an- 
ciently theLordfhip and Demefneof G//^^rf Earl of Clare, 
The Manor of Shardeloives in Cavenhamy belonged to 
Hwnphrey Duke of Buckingham 28 Henry VI. The 
Church was given to Stoke, by Clare ; and the Impropria- 
tion was granted to George Bingley and IVilUain Blake^ 
^Jac. I, The Lordfhip now belongs to Lord Vifcount 

Townjhend. John/on^ Eftjj hath a Seat in this Pariili, 

where he commonly refides. 

DowNHAM. A Manor here was granted to Sir Tlicvias 
Kit/on 31 Henry VIII. as Parcel of the Polleffions of 
Bury Abbey, which had the Manor of Dunham given to 
it by IVilliain the Conqueror, at the Defirc of Abbot Bald- 
win. Another Manor in Doxvnham, and the Impropria- 
tion of this Parifh were granted to Richard Codington and 
Elizabeth his Wife, 30 Henry VIII. as Parcel of the Pof- 
fefiions of Jxivorih Priory. It is now very fitly called 
Sandy- Downharriy by reafon of a Sand-Flood, as it may 
be called, which happened in the Year 1668; the Cirr 
,cumftances of which are related at large in the following 
Letter, written by Voomas IVright, Eiq^ \\\zn living upon 
the Spot, and a great Sufferer by it. 

la which he fays, «' He found fome Difficulty in tra- 
** cing thefe wonderful Sands to their Original, but he 
" found it to be in Laienhcath, a Town about live Miles 

'• South- 

240 Hundred of LaCkford; 

*« South-weft of Dotvnbamy where fome great Sand-HiHs 
*' having the Superficies broken by the tempeftuou3 South- 
*** weft Wind, were blown upon fome neighbouring 
*' Ground j this being of the fame Nature, and having 
*' only a thin Coat of unthrifty Grafs over it, which was 
*' foon rotted by the other Sand lying on it, joined the 
" Laketiheath Sand, increafed its Mafs, and accompanied 
*' its ftrange Progrefs, Mr. Wright fuppofes, that at the 
*' firft Eruption the Sand did not cover more than eight 
«* or ten Acres of Ground ; but before it had travelled 
" four Miles from its firft Abode, it increafed fo much 
" that it covered more than a thoufand. All the Oppo- 
*^ fition it met with from Ldkenheath to Downham was 
" from one Farm-houfe which the Owner endeavoured 
•' to fecure by building Bulwarks againft it i but perceiv- 
*« ing this would not anfwer his Purpofe, he changed his 
" Plan, and inftead of trying to prevent its Approach, 
" he flighted all his Works, and every Fence which might 
*' obftruft its Courfe ; and thus by giving it free Paf- 
•* fage, in four or five Years Time he was fairly rid of it. 
*' It was about thirty or forty Years before the writing 
*' of this Account, that the Sand firft reached Downham, 
" where it continued for ten or twelve Years in the Out- 
'' fkirts of the Town, without doing any confiderable 
'* Damage. The Reafon of which (as Mr. JV, ima- 
" gined) was becaufe its Current was then down-hill, 
^* which fheltered it from thofe Winds which gave it 
" Motion ; but the Valley being once pafled, it went 
*' above a Mile up-hill in two Months Time, and over- 
** ran above 200 Acres of very good Corn-Land the fame 
" Year. It is now got into the Body of this little Town, 
•' where it hath buried and deftroyed divers Houfes, and 
*' hath forced them to preferve the Remainder at a greater 
*' Expence than they were worth. He at laft gave the 
*' Flood of Sand fome Check, tho' for four or five Years 
■*♦ his Succefs was doubtful. It had poffefled all his A- 

*^ venues. 

Hundred of Lackford. 1^% 

^^ venues, fo that there was no PafTage to him, but "over 
** two Walls that were eight or nine Feet high, and en- 
*' compafTcd a fmall Grove before his Houfe, then al- 
" moft buried in Sand. Nay, at one time it had poffefTed 
•' his Yard, and was blown up almoft to the Eves of his 
•' Out-houfes. At the other End it had broken down 
" his Garden-wall, and itopped all Paflage that Waj^. 
*' For four or five Years Mr. Wright flopped it as well as 
'* he could with Furze Hedges fet upon one another as 
*' faft as the Sand levelled them", which he found to be 
*' the beft Expedient. By this means he raifed Sand-banks 
** near twenty Yards high, and brought the Sand into 
" the Compafs of eight or ten Acres ; then by laying; 
*' feme Hundreds of Loads of Muck and Earth upon it 
*' in one Year, he reduced it again to Terra Jirma, and 
*' then he cleared all his Walls, and by the Affiftance of 
*' Neighbours who helped him away with 1500 Loads 
*' in one Month, he cut a Pafiage to his Houfe thro' the 
*' main Body of Sand. But the other End of the Town 
** met with a worfe Fate, where many Houfes were ovcr- 
*' thrown or buried, and their Paftures and Meadows 
*' which for fo fmall a Town were confiderable, were 
*' over-run and deftroyed. That Branch of the Little 
*' Oufe^ on which this Town borders, (better knov>'n by 
'' the Name of Brandon or TJjetford River) for three 
*' Miles together v.^as fo filled with the Sand, that a 
" Ved'el with i:wo Loads Weight pafTed with as much 
" Difficulty as before a Veflel would with ten ; and had 
*' not this River interpofed and flopped the Progrefs of 
** the Sand into Norfolk, great Part of that County had 
*' been ruined. For (as Mr. W; obferves) according to 
«' the Proportion of the Increafe of the Sand in thofe five 
*' Miles, which was from 10 Acres to 1500 or 2000, in 
** a Progrefs over ten Miles more of the like Soil, it would 
*' have been fwelled to a huge and amazing Quantity. '^ 
.Mr. ^F. imputes the Caufe of this Flood to the Violence 
R oi 

242 Hundred c/Lackfor IT. 

of the South- weft Wind pafiing over the Level of the 
Fens w^ithout any Check, and to the Sandinefs of the 
Soil. The Levity of this, he believed, gave occafion ta 
that Story of the Actions that uil-d to be brought mNoy- 
foliy for Ground blown out of the Owners Pollef Hon ;. 
but, he fays, the County of SujfrAk was more friendly ir> 
that Particular, for he had poffelTcd a great Quantity of 
that wandering Land without Interruption, Phil, Trmf, 
N°. 17. 

The Lordfhip of this Parifli now belongs to the Heirs 
of Tho7nas Wright, Efq. 

Elvedon. Alvedon Manor and the Advowfon of the 
Redory, and Stanes alias Monks-Hall Manor, with the 
Tenement called IValters, and fome other Things in- 
Alvcdon, were granted as Parcel of the Poffeffions of Bwj 
to Thomas Ti\i}^Q of Norfolk, ^'^ Henry V III. and after- 
wards to Richard Fulmerjion in Exchange, ^^ Edward VI. 
Another Manor in Elvedon was granted, as late belonging 
to Rujhivorth College, to Henry Earl of Surry, 'i^'^ Henry 
VIII. who, about four Years after, alienated it to Thomas 
3)uke of Norfolk. It was lately the Lordfhip of Thomas 
CrifpCy Efq; and is now vefted in Sir John Tyrrel, Bart, 
who married the Hcirefs of that Family. 

Ereswell. This Manor was held of the King hi 
Capite, as of his Honour of Boloig7ie, by Ralph of Rou'- 
cejlre, and his Defcendants ; and in the firft Year of 
Ediuard II. was fo held by Robert de TuAenham, and Evi 
his Wife. Befidcs the Parifh Church, dedicated as w6 
think to St. Peier, there was at the North End of the 
Parifh a Chapel dedicated to St. Laurence ; and in one of 
thefe there was a Chauntry of the yearly Value of 9/. 
4 J. bd. The Manor is now in the Dean and Chapter 
of Ely, 


Hundred ^/ L a c k f o r d. 243 

fexNiNG, or IxNiNG. See p. 187. 

Freckingham, is a Peculiar of i?(?J:'£/?<rr Dlccefe, 
Snd has been (o from the Time of TViUia7n the Con- 
queror, as appears from Domefday-Book. It is alfo the 
Lordfliip and Demefne of Sir Robert Clarke, Bart. 

Heringswell. The Manor and Advowfon belonged 
to the Abbot and Convent of Bury, being given thereto 
by Ulfric, a very wealthy Man. The Manor is now 
vefted in John Holckn, Efq. 

HiovL.Msi-Grccn, is a Kamlet of Gnzeleyi 

IciiLiNGHAM, conHfts cf two diuincl Parifhes, St. 
James and All-Saints, having two Parifh Churches. The 
Manor and Advowfon of Icklinghain St. "James belonged 
to the Abbey of Bury, and were graiited to Jnthony Rous 
'^i Henry VWl. It is now veiled in Daniel Givilt, Efq* 
The Manor of All-Saints belongs to the Earl of EJJex. 
Near this Village there have been within the Memory of 
fome, now, or very lately living, fcveral Roman Coins 
dug up ; which {hews the Antiquity of the Place, and 
that it probably enough has been a Roman Station. 

Lakenheath. The Prior and Convent 01 Ely had 3 
Grant for a Market and Fair here J. D. 1309. They 
had a Grant for a Market here long before ; and the Ab'- 
bot of Bury got an Inquifition in the fourth Year of King 
John, to try by a Jury whether the lately erevSied Market 
at Lckinge, was not to the Detriment of the Town and 
Market o^ Bury ? The Manor and Advowfon now be- 
long to the Dean and Chapter cf Ely. It is a large 
Village, fituated on the Side of the Fens, in an unwhole- 
fome Air ; at prefent not remarkable, except it be for the 
Refidencc of Sir Simcvi Stczvart, who has a Seat here. 

R 2> MlLDEN* 

244 Hundred of Lackford. 

Mild ENH ALL, fituated on the River Lark^ is a ver/ 
large Town in Bounds, and a Half-Hundred of Itfelf. 
The Borough, commonly called High-Town MUdenhally 
is a'pleafant weH-built Town ; its noble Chtirch and talF 
•Steeple, are good Ornaments to it. There is a plentiful 
Market Weekly on Fridays^ well ferved with Fifli, wiKJ 
Fowl, and all other Provifions. The Fair begins Yearly 
on Sept. 29, and a confiderable one it is, lafting four 
Da^-s. Towards the Fens are feveral large Streets as big 
as ordinary Towns-, called by the Inhabitants, Rows ; as 
JFeJi-RoWy Beck- Row, and Holywell- Rczu. 

One Manor of this Town was given to the Abbey of 
Bury by King Eikvard the Confeflbr, that the Religious 
might eat Wheat, and not as they did before Barley- 
bread. At the Diflblution it was granted 4 and 5 Philip 
and Mary^ to Thomas Reeve and Chi-ijlopber Ballet : It is 
now the Eftate of Sir William Bunhiiry, Bart. Nephew of 
Sir Thomas Hanmer^ Speaker of the Houfe of Commons in 
the Reign of Queen Anne, who conftantly rcfidcd here in 
a noble Manfion North of the Church. This Town has 
i'urnifhed London with two Lord-Mayors, Henry Barton, 
who was Lord-Mayor in 1428, zv\AJFillia!nGregory,vj\\0 
was Mayor in 145 1. In the Year 1567, May ij, great 
Part of this Town was conlumed by Fire. Here is alfo 
the Seat of Rufibrooke^ Efq. 

Thetford. The whole or greateft Part of this an- 
ciently famous Place fccms originally to have been on the 
^uJfolk-'LxAt of the River ; and there is fiill one Parifli, viz. 
St. Mary\, confifting of about thirty Houfes in Suffolk, 
and Part of this Hundred of Lackford; tho' as to Ecclc- 
fiaftical Matters, under the Jurifdidion of the Archdeacon 
of Norwich. In the Reign of King Edward III. there 
were thirteen Pariflies on the Suffolk-ivlQ, and but feven 
on (he /V.-r/s/^fiJc. 


Hundred of Lackford. 245 

The Priory of Cluniac Monks was firft founded on this 
Sitle, tho' foon removed into the other. The Houfe of 
BenediSi'ine Nuns, and thofe of the Canons of the Holy 
Sepulchre^ and Dominican Friers, continued on the Suffolk' 
fide till the DiiFoIution. 


Wang FORD, was the Seat of the Lord Chief Juftice 
Wright^ well known in the Reign of King fv.ynei II. The 
Lordfhip of this Parifh is now veiled in Rowland Holt, 

WoRLiNGTON. This is thought to be the fame Place 
which is called IVredelington, which TVilliam de Valoue 
Earl of Pembroke had the Advowfon of, 20 Ediuard I, 
JJaheU Daughter of the faid Earl, became the Wife of 
'John Hajiings, Lord of Bergavenny ; and Johu Ha/lings, 
Earl of Pe7nbrokey great Grandfon of the faid John and 
Jfabel, died feifed of this Manor 49 Edward IIL and Amic 
his Wife had it afligned to her as Part of her Dower. 
JVilUam Beauchwnp Lord Bergavenny ^ died feifed of it 12 
Henry IV. It was Part of Herbert the late Earl of Or- 
ford's Eftatc j then of Lord Sa?idys^ who married the 
Heirefs of the faid Earl j and it was fold by him to Geoige 
Montgomerie^ Efq; late one of the Reprefentatives in Par- 
liament of the Borough of Ipfwich, 

R rf He 


[ 246 ] 

Hundred of Risbridge. 

jylSBRIDGE Hundred is bounded on the Eaji by 

"^ »- the Hundreds of Baberg^ Thingoe^ and Lackford\ on 

the IVeJl by Cambridge fmre ; on the South by the 

^tour^ which parts it from EjJ'cx j and, on the Norths by 

l^ackford. It contains the ruUowing Towns andPariflies. 

Barnardistok, commonly called Branfon^ gives 
Name to a Family whofe fcveral Branches have had Seats 
at Kcdington^ Brighiwcll^ and Wyverjion^ in this County. 
The Lordfhip is flill in the Family oi Barnardijion, of 

Great Bradley. Thomas Lord Botetourt was Lord 
here 8 Edivardlll. in Rii^ht of his Wife Jean, one of the 
Sifters and Coheirs of Johi de Scmcri, Baron of Dudley. 

Here is a Fair yearly on S^pt. 29. Brandy Efq; 

is Lord of the Manor, and Patron of the Church. 

Z.////V Bradley. This Church feemingly belonged to 
Stcke College. 

Clare, a pretty large Town, fituated on the St our -^ 
it is now of little Note, but formerly was, for its Owners, 
snd the Earls defcended from them. 

Richard Fitz-Gi/bcrty z Kinfman of King WilUajn the 
Conqueror, was the iirft Earl of Clare j he was alfo called 
from the ufi^al Place of his Refidcnce, Richard de 'Tun- 
bridge. The Earldom continued in that Family to the 
Time u^ 'K.\r\g Editor d \l. when Gilbert the Son of Gil- 
^sr( ^^rl of Clarfy by Jcun dc Acres Daughter of King 


Hundred of Risbridge. 247 

Edward 1. dying without Iffue Male, the Honour became 
extinil. Afterwards Lionel^ third Son of K. Edward III. 
in the 36th Year of his Reign was created Duke of 67^- 
rence : His Daughter marrying Edward Mortimer Earl of 
March^ carried this Lordfhip into that Family, who en- 
joyed it fome Time. The Dukedom was extind at her 
Father's Death ; but i-^Henry IV. 'Tho?nas his fecond Son 
was created Duke of Clarence, who dying without IfTue 
Male, the Title oi Clare lay again dormant, until George 
Plantagenet Brother of King EdivardW . was created 
Duke of Clarence : Upon his Attainder and Death, the 
Title was cxtinguiihed again ; but in 22 yajne^ I. 'John 
HoUis, of Houghton in Notthighamfbire^ was created Earl 
oi Clare : In 1688, John his great Grandfon fucceeded 
to his Earldom, who married Margaret the third Daughter 
of Henry Cavendijh, Duke of Newcajlle : After his Fa- 
ther's Death, he was in 6th King JViUioTn III. created 
Marquis of Clare and Duke of Nezvcajilc. He died with- 
out IlFue 1'] July 1707, and left the Bulk of his Land 
Eftate to Thomas Hollis Pelham^ Son of his youngeft Sifter 
Grace-i who by King George I. was created Earl and A'lar- 
quis of Clare^ and afterwards Duke of Nevjcajlle. 

South-Eafi: of this Town, between it and the River, 
are ftill the Ruins of a very {Irong Caftle, built by one 
oi the Earls of Clare ; but it is not certain which of 

In the Church of St. John Baptl/i in the Caftle, was a 
very ancient fmall Koufe of Benedioi'me Monks, a Cell to 
the Abbey of Bece xw NormarJ.y, until the Year 1 1 24, 
when they were removed to Stoke. Here was alfo a Houfe 
of Friers Eremites, of the Order of St. Aujlin, founded by 
Richard de Clare Earl of Ghccjlcr, A.D. 1248 ; which 
was given by King Henry VIII. to Richard Friend. It is 
now vefted in Mr. Poulter. 

The Church is a very good Stru6lure, which with the 

Ruins of the Caftle and Monaftery, .are the only Things 

R. 4 worth 

24S Hundred of Risk ridge, 

worth Notice. There is a mean Market on Friday Sy if 
it deferves that Natjie ; and one Fair on Eafier-Tuejday^ 
and another on 'Jidy 25th yearly. Not far from Clare is 
Honedsn \ where, in the Year 1687, th^ Sexton digging a 
Grave, found a large Quantity of Saxon Coins. See Phil, 
Tranfao^t. N°. 189, 203. 

Chedburgh. This Church is now confolidated witk 
Jckworth ; the Lordfhip and Patronage belong to the Right 
Hon, the Earl of Brijlol. 

Chilton, rather Chipky, is a Hamlet oi Clare. Here 
was formerly a fmall Priory, which was united J. D, 
1468, to the College of Stoke -, the Remains of which 
idre now converted into a Dwelling-Houfc. 

CooLiNG, corruptly called CooUgc. In this Parifh is a 
good Seat, called by the Name of Branches 5 which, with 
the Manor, was the Eftatc of William Long- Efpcc Earl of 
Salijbury and Somsrfet^ bafe Son to King Henry II. by fair 
^ofamond. They are now vefted in Jmbrofe Dickins, Efq; 
who has a handibme Manfion here. Here was anciently 
a Free Chapel, dedicated to St. Margaret ; on whofe 
Feaft-day 20 Jidy^ one of the Fairs is kept j the other is 
on OSlober 6. The Advovvfbn of the Church was grant- 
ed A.D. 13331 by S\r John and Sir Thomas de Skarde- 
lewe. Sons of John S.bardelcive, Juftice of the Common- 
Pleas to the Cufros anJ Scholars of Trinity-Hall in Cam- 
bridge^ to be appropriated to their Ufe. 

PalhaM;, anciently the Lordfhip and Demefne of 
William dc'Uford, Earl of Suffolk \ afterwards it came 
into the Family oi iVit Ejlotevilles, who fold it to the Right 
]Rev. Simon Patrick Bifhop of Ely ^ and his Son difpofed of 
it to Gilbert J^eck^ Efq; Father to John Affleck^ late onQ 
of the Reprefe'ntativcs of this County. 


Hundred of Risbridge. 249 

Denham. Thomas Hethe was Lord of Denham^ by 
Barrow^ in the latter Part of King Edward the Third's 
Reign ; the Lordfhip, after that, belonged to Margaret de 
Say^ then to Edwai-d Lukemore^ Efq; then to Horatio 
Lord Vifcount Toivnfendy who married Mary^ fole Heirefs 
of Edward Lukemgre ; and is now poflefl'ed by that Fa- 

It was extraparochial until Sir Edward Lukemore built 
a Church or Chapel here, and endowed it with the Tithes. 

Denston, or Denarpeston. Here was a College 
or Chauntry endov/ed with ill. %s. gd. per Jmu and 
granted with a Manor called Beaumonds thereto belong- 
ing 1 7 yune 2 Ediuard VI. to Thomas and yohn Smith, 
Thomas Sf7nth fold it 9 Elizabeth to William the Son of 
William Bird, Citizen and Mercer of Lcndon. In this 
Parifh is a beautiful Seat, which now is the Manfion of 
John Rohinfon, Efq; late Lieutenant-Colonel in the Cold- 
Jiream Regiment of Foot-Guards, who has the Lordfhip. 

Depden. The Hall did formerly belong to the Jer- 
inyns\ afterwards to the Coels ; from them it became the 
Seat of Coel Thornhill, Efq; who fold it to Hutch. Mure, 

Gazely, or Gaiesly. This Church was given to 
the College of Stoke-Clare, to be the Portion of one of 
the Prebendaries j and the Redory was granted 9 Jac. I. 
to Francis Moore and Francis Philips. 

Haverhill, is a long Thorough-fare Town ; the 
South-end of the Street is Part in this County, and Part 
in EJfex. It has a mean Market on Wed7iefdays, and two 
Fairs, i.e. on i May and 15 Auguji. Here were for- 
merly two Churches, or at leaft a Church and a Chapel ; 
one of which was called Ls nether Chirche, in Haverhi'. 

230 Hundred c/Risbridce. 

The Manors of Defen'wg and Haverhill were Lcrd Staf- 
ford's^ \Henrjl\^. and Hu7nphrcy Duke of Buckingham's 
28 HemyYl. Henry Lord Grey of Codnoure^ had a Grant 
of the Manors of Haverhill and Herjham^ i Richard III. 
The Church was impropriated to the Priory of Cajlle- 
acre, in Norfolk ; and the Rectory and Advowfon of the 
Vicarage were granted 29 Henry VIII. to Thomas Lord 

HawkSdon. There are two Manors in this Town; 
one belongs to Philip Hammond, Efq; who has a Scat 
here : The other belongs to the Family of Mahyward, 
Gilbert d'Un:frevillc died feifed of the Manor of Thorjlan- 
ton, or Thurjirujhn in Hawkedon^ 4 Richard II. Robert 
Lord Harington died feifed of it 7 //^m^y IV. in Right oi' 
his Wife, who was Daughter of Sir Nigel Loryng^ Knight 
of the Garter. There is alfo a Seat czWed Swan- Hall^ 
which was long in the Family of Jbbot, and fince pur- 
chafed by the Stewarts ; in whofe Family it now is. 

HuNDON. Liojiel Earl of Clarence died feifed of the 
Manor of Hundon^ Erdbiiry^ and Wood-Hall in Sudbury, 
43 Edward III. The Church was given to the College 
of Stoh- Clare, by Alojian Priefl: of Hunden, and Edward 
his Son ; and the Re£l:ory and Advowfon of the Vicarage 
"were granted to Sir John Chckc, 5 Edward VI. The 
Manor is now vetted in Henry Vernon, Efq. There was 
alfo a Manor or reputed Manor in Hunden, with the Parks 
called Great Park, ityi'rj Park, and Broxley Park, granted 
to Sir John Cheke 3 Edward VI. as Parcel of the Poffef- 
iions of Stoke-Clare, 

Kedington, or as it is written in Domefday-Book 
Kediiurc, now corruptly Kettcn, was then the Lordfhip 
and Demefne of Ralph Barnard ; afterwards it belonged 
to the Earls oi Clare; but in late Times to the Barnar- 
dylonsy who have been here ever fjnce the Year 1500, 


Hundred of Risbridge. 251 

according to Weaver^ p. 733. Sir Thomas Barnardijioriy 
of this Place, Knt. was created a Baronet 7 Aprils 1663. 
Sir Samuel Barnard'ijlon lately refided at Kedington-Hall^ a 
beautiful Seat. It was the Jointure of his Lady ; but, 
upon her Death, it came to Sir John BarnardiJion\ who 
had fold the Reverfion to Mr. Mertins^ Goldfmith an4 
Jeweller in London. The Fair is Yearly on July 29. 

Kentford, a Hamlet to Gazely. 

LiDGATE. Here was a Mount moated round near the 
Church, on which remain the Ruins of a Caftle : But 
this Parifh is more memorable for giving Birth and Name 
to John Lidgatc, who was a BenediSiine Monk of Bury St. 
Edmunds. He died J.D. 1440, and was famous for his 
Learning and his Poetry, 

The Lordfhip of this Town did formerly belong to 
John Hajlings Earl of Pembroke^ 49 Edward IIL fmce to 
the Lord Jcrmyri^ late to Sir Jermyn Davers, Bart, and 
then by Sale to his Grace the late Duke of Somerfet. 

MouLTON, is a Peculiar to the Archbifhop o^ Canter- 
bury., and under the Jurifdi6lion of the Dean of Bocking. 
John Jgnerus had the Grant of a Market here 26 Edw. I. 
Sir John de Chyvcrejlon was Lord 25 Edward IIL but he 
fhortly after fold the Manor to Elizabeth, KtYiSt of Sir 
Andrew Lutterell; one of whofe Defcendants, Sir Hugh 
l^uttcrcll, died feifed of it 6 Henry VI. 

OusDEN. In this Parifh is the Seat oi Richard Mofeley, 
Efq; who is aifo Lord of the Manor. 

PosLiNGFORD, was anciently the Lordfaip of i2<7//)/j 
Baynard. Nciv-Houfe, in this Parifli, is the Seat of George 
Gelding, Efq. The Impropriation and Advowfon of the 
Vicarage belonged to the Priory of Dunmow, in EJJex ; 
and were granted 28 HenryNWX. to Robert Earl of Sujfcx-, 
and are now vefted in Henry Moore^ Efq, 

7, Stanst- 

£5* Hundred ^/RisBRiDGE. 

Staksfield. In this Parifti is the Seat of Robert Kc 
dington, Gent. The Lordfliip is in the Crown. 

Stoke juxta Clare^ is remarkable for a Priory tranf- 
lated from the Caftle of Clare thither, by Richard de To' 
mebridge Earl of Clare : It was of the BenediSiine Order. 
About J.D. 141 5, Edmund Mortimer Earl of March 
augmented its Revenues, and got it changed from a Priory 
•to a Collegiate Church, confifting of a Dean and Secular 
Canons ; the Popes 'John 23J and Martin 5th ratify- 
ing this Exchange. It was valued at the DifTolution at 
324/. 45. \\d. per Annu7n^ and granted to Sir John 
Cheke^ and Walter Mildmay \ from whom it palfed to the 
Family of Trigg ; then it became the Pofleflion of Sir 
Gervaife Elweys^ who married J^my the Daughter of Dr. 
Trigg, He was created a Baronet 22 July, 1660 ; whofe 
SuccefTor Sir Hervey Elweys, now enjoys the Honour and 
Ertate. He refides in a good old Seat, where the Priory 
Hood. Stoke Fair is on the Monday in Whitfun-Weok, 


Gr(?(7/THURL0w. Here was a fmall Hofpital or Free 
Chapel, of the yearly Value of 3/. which was granted by 
King Edward IV. to the Maifon de Dieu in Ca?nbridge^ 
now Part of A'/Vr/s-College. The Lordfhip formerly be- 
longed to John King, Efq; then to the Waldegraves, then 
to Sir Cordel Firebrace, Bart, who fold it to Jatnes Vernon, 
Efq; whofe Son Henry has his Seat at the Hall in this 

I,:V//f Thurlow. In this Parifli is a noble old Seat, 
where the Family of Soame have long refided. It is nov/ 
the Seat of Stephen Scame, Efq. 



Hundred o/Risbridge. 2^3 

WiCKU AM -Brool-^ now a Parifti of large Bounds, to 
which feveral Hamlets or Parifhes have been annexed : 
Four of thefe appear in fome old Writings, now in the 
Cuftody of Robert Edgar ^ of Ipfwich, Efq; i. The Ham- 
let or Parifh of Clapton, or Cloptune, the Tithes of which 
did anciently belong to Stoke College. 2. Badmondisficld- 
Hall, was formerly the PolIelTion of Charles Somerfet, Son 
of Sir George Somerset, who was the fecond Son of Charles 
Earl of Worcefxer ; fmce Sir Henry North's ; now of 

Warner^ Efq. There was a Free Chapel here 

dedicated to St. Mary, of which Sir Jofhn Hajlings Lor'd 
Bergavenny, and his Defcendants, were Patrons j and af- 
ter them John Grey, oi Ruthin ; this Chapel was granted 
by Queen Elizabeth in 1583, to William Manfey, Iron- 
monger of London. 3. Giffords-'i^^W, once in Sir Hugh 
Francis ; fmce in Tho?nas Heigham, Efq; afterwards in 
"JohnOwers ; now ia George Chinery, Gent. 4. Clopton, 
or lVickham-\lo\xk, was formerly the Habitation of Major 
Robert Sparrow, and now fometimes the Refidence of 
Robert Edgar, Efq. 


Great Wkatti'^g, and Z/V//^ Wratting. Ladv 
Barnard'ijlon is Lady of the Manor in thefe Parifhes. 


[ 254 j 

Hundred of Babergh. 

J)ABERGH Hundred is parted from EJfex by the 

J-J River Stour j it is bounded on the North by Thingoe 

and Thedivajire ; and on the Eajl by Cosford. The 

Towns and Villages in this Hundred are as followeth, viz* 

Acton, formerly called Aketon. The Manor in this 
Parifh in 9 Edward I. was the Inheritance of Robert de 
Buers. King Edward IV. afterwards gave it to Henry 
Lord Bouchler j he left it to Henry ^ his Grandfon. Sir 
Richard Bacon^ Bart, is now Owner of the Hall, and 
Lord of the Alanor. A^on-Place^ was formerly the Seat 
of the Daniels ; they fold it to Robert jemens^ Efq; who 
began to rebuild the fame; it is now finifhed by JVi!!ia7n 
JeTinens his Son, and is a fine Stru6ture. There was an- 
ciently in this Parifh a Chauntry, of the yearly Value of 
7/. 2s. 8];^. Amhroje Kediiigton^ Elq; has a Seat in this 
Parifh, by the Side of Babergh- Heath. The Advowfon 
is in Mr. Jennens. 

Alpheton, was formerly the Lordfliip of John cU 
Wehietham^ who in the Reign of Edward III. left a 
Daughter his Heir, married to Edmund Brokejhorn, Efqj 
by whom he had Ifllie Eleanor, who married Sir IViUiam 
Rayusforthj Knt. This Manor is now veiled in Mrs* 

Assington. Sir Andrew de Nevile claimed the Patron- 
age and Advowfon of this Church, 18 Edward 1. but he 
rele:ifcd it to the Pilor and Convent of Hatfi id Peverel -, 
upon the Difiblution of which Houfe the Redory and Ad- 


Hundred c/ B a b e r g h. 255 

vowfon of the Vicarage were granted 29 Henry VIII. to 
G'lki Leigh. The Manor belonged to the Family of the 
Corbets, which were feated liere j Sir Piers Corbet was a 
Knight Banneret in the Time of Ediu. I. and Sir TJjomas 
Corbet was at a Tournament in Dunjlable^ 2 Edivard il. 
This Family continued here until the Reign of //^«. VIII. 
then Robert Gurdon, E{<\i purchafed the Eftate of the 
Corbets. In the 26th Year of Queen Elizabeth^ John 
Gurdon, of y^JJtngton^ Efq; was Kigh-SherifF of this 
County ; and ever fmce their firft Settlement here, the 
Gurdons have been Men of Figure and Eftate in this 
County, as they ftill remain. The prefent Pofleflbr is 
Nathaniel Gtirdon, Efq. 

BoxFORD, fituated in a Bottom between two Brooks, 
which join each other a little below it. It is a Place of 
confiderable Trade. Here are two F^irs yearly ; one ou 
Eajler- Monday y and the other on DcccmLer 21. The 
Crown prefents to it. 

About a Mile South-Eaft of this Village, fituated in 
the Parifties of Boxford, Stoke and Ajjington^ is Feyton- 
Hall, granted by Willicm the Conqueror to Robert Mallet^ 
a Norman Baron, and a Progenitor of the ancient Fa- 
mily of Feyton.^ (from v^hich defeended the Uffords 
Earls of Suffolk) who being fird feated at F eyton-HdW in 
Ra}nJl)olt, in iVillford Flundred, afterwards fettled at Fex- 
/5«-Hall in this Parifh, by Marriage v/ith German. There 
was a Sir John Feyton^ of Suffolk., in the Time of Ediv. I. 
and John de Feyton was Knight of this Shire 28, 29 Ed. l\\. 
This has for fome Time been the Eflate of the Dajh- 
tuoods, and is now veiled in George DaJJnvood, Efq; who 
has a Seat in or near Sudbury., called Wood- Hall. Here- 
is a Free Grammar-School, founded by Queen Elizabeth, 

South-We/i of BcxfordQhmch, h Coddenham-UzW ; a 
very good Seat, formerly the Lordfiiip and Demefne of 
Sir Jofcph Brand; now of Thornai Bcnnet, Efq. At the 


256 Hundred of Babergh. 

Eajl-tndi of Boxfcrd-Jlreet is another neat Manfion, now 
the Seat of the Rev. Mr. Benyon. 

BoxsTEAD, formerly the Lordfhip of the Abbot of 
Bury St. Ed7nund, gEdiu. I. but afterwards, by what means 
we know not, it was granted to Robert Harlejion, Efqj 
who being attainted in the Reign of Edw. IV. it was 
granted to Richard Duke of Glocejlcr^ Brother to the faiJ 
King. It was afterwards the Seat of the Pcokys. This 
ancient Family of Knights Degree fpread itfelf into feve- 
ral flourifhing Branches here, and at Columbine-Hall in 
Stowmarket^ and Badley in Bofmcre Hundred. Sir John 
Pooley, the laft Knight of this Houfe, was chofen Bur- 
gefs for Sudbury in the Convention of 1688. It is nov/ 
the Seat of George Weller^ Efq. 

BuRES, or BuERS, is a Village on the StQW\ over 
which it has a fair Bridge, leading through Bures Hamlet 
in EJJex^ to Colche/ier. Galfi idus de Fontibus^ (who wrote' 
about the Year 1156) tells us, that K'mg Edmund who 
was cruelly murdered by the Dwies at Hoxne in this 
County, was crowned here. His Words are thefe : " Be- 
*' ing unanimoufly approved they brought aim to Suffolk^ 
" and, in the Village called Bunim made him King ; the 
*' venerable Prelate Hunibert affifting, and anointing and 
** confecrating Edmund to be King. Now Burum is an 
*' ancient Royal Hill, the known Bound between Eajl^ 
*« Sexe and Su^olk^ and fituate upon the Stour, a River 
'* moft rapid both in Summer and Winter." Which 
PafTage (faith the Author of the Additions to Cambden, 
from whonti we have it) is the more obfervable, becaufe 
it fhews what we are to underfland by Burva^ in AJferiuii 
J.ifc of Alfred \ that it is not Bury^ as the Chronicle un- 
der Bro7nptoyi% Name fuppofes ; nor yet Burne in Lincoln- 
foirey as hath been affertcd ; but this Bures or Buers, as 
Matthew JVeJiminJier calls it. 


Hundred <?/'Babergh. 257 

The Church and Spire-fteeple were great Ornaments 
to this Village ; but in 1733 the Spire was fet on fire by- 
Lightning, and burnt down to the Steeple ; the Bell- 
Frames were likewite burnt, the Bells melted, and the 
Steeple much damaged. In a Tomb on the North-fidQ 
of^this Church lieth a Knight crofs-legged, his Name is 
fuppofed to be Cornard^ who is faid to have fold a Farm 
in this Parifli called C(jr?z- Hall, for Four-pence j Temp. 
Hen. III. Bucks Fair is yearly on H}ly-Thurfday. 

Small-Bridge^ in this Parifh, has been memorable for 
the JValdegraves^ an ancient Family, who long refided 
here j but afterwards refnovcd into EJfex. Sir Richard 
JValdegnwe was Knight of the County of Suffolk^ 50 
Edward III. 

Gilbert de Clare^ who died A.D. 1151, gave the 
Church of Burei to the Monks of Stoke-Clare. Hugh 
Lord Bardolf died 32 Edward I. feifed of the Manor of 
Bures in Suffolk^ in the Right of his Wife Ifabel the 
Daughter and Heirefs of IVilliam Jguillon. King Ed~ 
ward IV. in the igthYear of his Reign granted unto 
June the Wife of IVilliam Lord Boncbier^ and Sifter to 
his Queen, the Manor of Ova-hall^ as alfo the Manor of 
Netherhall, otherwife called Sylvejlers-\\?i\\, in St. Mary 
Bures, in Suffolk and EJJex. 

Bre^t -Illeigh, a Village and Manor belonging to the 
Anceftors of Sir Henry Shelton, by Marriage with the Co- 
heirefs of Illeigh ; who procured a Market for it of 
Hefiry III. long fmcedifcontinued. His Pofterity flourilhed 
here a long time ; but afterwards it defcended to the Fa- 
mily of Colman, who now enjoy it. Dr. Colnian^ Fellow 
o( Trinity College Cambridge^ built a fine Parochial Li- 
brary at the End of the Chancel, and v/ell furnifhed it 
with Books. Since that Edward Colnian, Efq; built a 
neat Alms-houfe for fix poor People, and plentifully en- 
dowed it. The laft of which Family Edward Colmar.f 
S Efqj 

258 Hundred (t/^.Babergh. 

Elq; gave this Ef^ate to hia. Kinrpian Edivard Gcat., Efq; 
whoft: Son Edward is is jiow pofiefled of it. The Manor 
anJ AcJvowfon of the Vicarage were granted -i^^HaiMlU. 
to Rsbert Goodivni^ as Parcel of the Pofleflions of St. 
0/11!)^ Abbey, in Ejjex ; but the Impropriaiion was granted 
5 Elizabeth to Barihclsmcw King, and Edivard Wifeman. 

Cavendish, is fituated on the ^tour^ and is memo- 
rable for giving Name to the noble Family of Cavcndijh. 
Sir John Cavsndijh, born in this Place, was Lord Chief 
Juftice of the King's Bench 46 Edward 111. and con- 
tinued in that Station until the 5th Richard li. when un- 
happily falling into the Hands of that Rabble aflembled 
under John Raw and Robert Wejlbroom^ he was beheaded 
by them at Bury. From this learned Judge defcended 
jyillia7n Cavcndijh, who was created by King Jac. I. 
Baron Cavcndifi of Hardivick, and Earl of Devonjinre ; 
his Succeflor is now Duke of DevonJIme. Jefus College 
in Cambridge hath the Advowfon of the Church. 

■ Chilton, is faid to be a Hamlet of Great IValdingficld. 
The Hall appears to be a good old Seat ; it formerly be- 
longed to the Knightly Family of Crane ; for Sir John 
Crane., of this Place, Knt. was created a Baronet iiMay^ 

1627; which Family is now extindt. It is now vefted 
in Sir Armine TVoodhoiifc, who is Lord of the Manor there, 
called TFaldingJield-UdW, Carbonells with Chilton. 

■ CocKFiED, or Cokefield^ or Cookfield, conftfts of the 
Manors CcckJicld-HMy which probably belonged to the 
Abbey of Bury St. Ecbnunds ; but Sir JVilliam Spring., Knt. 
died feized of it 42 Elizabeth. The other is £'<3;7i-Hall, 
fo called from the Feres, Earls of Oxford. In 24 Edw. I. 
Robert de Fere Earl of Oxford had it. Afterwards John 
Earl of Oxford taking part with the LancaJlriam againft 
Edward IW . forfeited his Eftates, and the faid Edward 
gave them to his Brother Richard Duke of Tork. But 


Hundred c/Babergh. 259 

Henry ^W. reftoring him to his Honours and Eftates, his 
SuccelFors enjoyed them till tlie Death o{ Aivbrcy dc Vcre^ 
the lafl Earl of that Family. Tliefe Manors are now 
veiled in John Maore^ Efq. The Advowlbn is in St. 
yohns College, Ca-mbriihe. 

There is a handfome Manfion in this Parifli, v/hich 
has been for fome time, and nov/ is tiie Seat of the 

CoRNARD-MiTg-;;^, formerly the Lordfliip of the Ab- 
befs of Maliiyig^ in Kent ; who bought it of Thomas tie 
Grey, about ^. Z). 131 7. It v/as granted to the Arch- 
bifhop of Canterh-nry in Exchange, 32 Henry VIII. but 
refumed by Queen Elizabeth. 

■ CoRNARD-P.'j/'z;^, was the Lordfliip of Thomas de Grey. 
^\r Roger de Grey, o^ Merton in Norfolk, Knt. died feifed 
of it 137 1 ; and Sir I'Villiam de Grey, of the fame Place, 
died feifed of Cavjflons Manor in Little Cornard, ig Oc 
tober 1632. 

Edwardston, a Village of Note for the Lords for- 
merly inhabiting in it. Herbert de Montc:henfy was here 
in the Time of the Conqueror, whofe Son JVaryne fuc- 
ceeded him in this Lordihip. Hubert, Son of lVaryne\ 
married Maricl the Daughter of Peter de Valoigncs, and 
had Iffue by her William de Montechenfy, who was a great 
Soldier, and in high Efteem with Edward I. and the whole 
Kingdom. This IVilUam married a Dau,!.hter o^ D' Al- 
bany Earl of Arundel, by whom he had JVcryne, who was 
{q vaftly wealthy that he was called the EngltjJ) Crxftis , and 
died worth above 20C,coo Marks, according to Candjden. 
The Lordfhip defcended at length to the JValdgraves, by 
a Marriage with Jane fole Daughter of Sir Edvjard AIon~ 
techer.fy. Sir JVilliam Ifaldegrave, about the Year 1598, 
fold it to John Brand, o^i Boxford, Clothier ; from which 
Family it came to the late Sir Robert Kanp, Bart, by his 
S 2 Marriap-e 

2 6o Hundred ^/Babfrgh. 

Marriage with the fole Daughter of John Brandy Efq. 
Sir Robert fold the Manor and Advowfon to JFilliam 
French^ Citizen of London and Draper in 17 14, who now 
enjoys it. 

St. "Ed-w ARD^ s Place, was formerly a Religious Houfe, 
and a Cell to the Monaftery of Jbiugdon, near Oxford y 
but the Monks were removed about the Year 1160 to 
the Priory of Colne, in E£cx ; which got the great Tithes 
of this Parifti appropriated to it. It is now the Eftate of 
the Biftiop of Ely, to which See it was annexed by Queen 
Eli7.abelb in 1599, in exchange for fome valuable Manors 
which belonged to that See. The Bifhop of Ely pays to 
the Vicar after the Rate of Twelve-pence a Day, or 
18/. 5 J. per Annum. 

A little South of St. Edward' s-P lace is a neat Man- 
fion, which was the Seat of Jofeph Aljlon, Efq; and was 
lately fold by his Heirs to Mr. Sheldon, of London, 

Glemsford, was one of the Manors which Odo was 
poflefled of when Domefday-Book was taken. Some 
Rents are paid out of this Lordfhip to the Bifhop of £/y, 
and the Inhabitants are exempted from ferving on any 
Juries elfewhere but at the Ifle of Ely. The Church of 
Ely had PofTeflions here as early as Edward the Confef- 
for's Time. It is a very large Parifh in Bounds -, and if 
the Houfes flood contiguous, it is fuppofed, there would 
not be four larger Towns in the County. The Fair is 
yearly on June 24 ; and the Manor now belongs to Henry 
Moore, Efq. 

A Sermon is to be preached at Ghnsford once a Year, 
by a Fellow of Chri/i's College Cambridge, according to 
the Will of Dr. Hawford 1580, who charged Lands in 
Dullingham for the Support of it. 

Groton, formerly the Lordfhip of the Abbot ofBuryZ 
It was granted at the DifTolution of that Abbey to Adam 


Hundred o/Babergh. 261 

Jf^Hthorp, Efq; in which Family it continued till about 
the 4th Year of Charles I. when it was purchafed by 
Thomas Waring j and is now the Seat of Thomas IVarlngy 

FJartest, belonged to the Convent of £/y, in King 
Edward the Confefibr's 7'ime ; but was afterwards ap- 
propriated to the Bifhopric, and alienated from it 4 Eliz.. 

Lave NH AM, ftands on the River Bretrji, and isfituatcd 
on a Hill of eafy Afcent, on the Top of which is the 
Market-place. Tlie Market is on T/^-y^^j'i ; but tho' it 
was formerly very coiifidcrable, when the Trade fir 
blue Cloth was largely carried on here ; fince that was 
loft, it is almoft reduced to nothing. The Fair is on 
Sept. 29, much frequented for Butter and Cheefe. The 
Church and Steeple are the chief Things remarkable here, 
both efteemed as being very fine Buildings, perhaps the 
beft in the County of their Kind. They were built by 
the Veres Earls of Oxford^ afiifted by the Springs ; llmnas 
Spring., the rich Clothier, lies buried in the Church ; he 
was a great Benefador to it. In the Steeple arc fix large 
tuneable Bells, much admired by the curious, particularly 
the Tenor, which is faid to weigh but 23 C. yet (bunds 
like a Bell of 40 C. Weight. The College of Gonvilc 
and Caius^ in Cambridge, are Patrons of the RecSlory. 

Lavenhatn was one of the Two hundred and Twenty- 
one Lordfhips in Suffolk, that King IViUioyn the Con- 
queror gave to Robert Mallet ; but he forfeited by joining 
Robert., eldeft Son to the Conqueror, in the 2d of Hen. 1. 
which King gave it to /.ubrey de Vcre ; in whofe Poiierity 
it remained till alienated by Edward Earl oi' Oxford in Q^ 
Elizabcth's> Time to Paul D' Ewes j Efq; and is now vcfted 
in Henry Moore., Efq. 

There are many good Charities belonging to thisTov/n. 

The Inhabitants purchafed an Eftate of ^o /. per Jnfinm 

for repairing their Alms-houfes, and maintaining the Poor 

S 3 thereof. 

262 Hundred cf Babergh. 

thereof. Dr. Copp'inger^ formerly Fe6lor, gave 10 /. per 
jinn, for the Maintenance of four poor People. Johti 
Cgrder 405. per Ann. to be given to the Poor in Bread : 
And yohn Crearn 40 /. towards the Maintenance of twelve 
poor Widows. Others have given liberally for the Edu- 
cation of Children here, viz. Richard Peacock 2T^Car. II. 
gave 5 /. per Ann. fur educating five poor Boys : Edward 
Colman, of Fm"ihc:I's-lnn, in i6g6, gave 200/. to which 
Other Perfons gave fuch Additions, as purchafed a come- 
nient Dwelling- Houfc and Schocl-Ivoom, and an An- 
nuity of 30/. for a Mader. Mr. Colman gave 200 1, more 
to be laid out in Land, the Rent of which is to be applied 
towards binding out one poor Boy yearly from Alilden, 
Bi-ent-Iileigh, o": La-vcnham. hwA Robert Rue gave 5/. 
per Ann. for binding out two poor Boys from Prcjion., or 
for want of fuch tJiere, from Lavenham. Thomas Cook^ 
Lord-Mayor of Xswrf'w;', A. D. J463, was a Native of 
this Town. 

Lawshall. A/fiviniiS the Son of Bricius, gave this 
Lordfliip A. D. IC22, to the Abbey of Ramfey^ in Hun- 
tingdonjhire ; at the Difiblution it was granted, with the 
Patronage of the Redory, to Jr,hn Riiher, 37 Hen. VIII. 
and belongs now to Baptijl Lcc, Efq. 

IvIellford, commonly called Long-Afellford, is above 
a Mile in Length from South to North j it is a pleafant 
Village, and perhaps one of the largcft: in England, that 
is not a Market-Town, Mel/fcrd-HzW is a noble old 
Seat : Sir /^////^rw Cordclly Maftcr of the Rolls in Q^ieen 
Eiizabeth*s Time, had a great Kindnefs for this Tcv.'n, 
and fettled his Family at the aforefaid Hall ; but dying 
without Ifllie, he made jfane the youngcft of his two 
Sillers his fole Heir, who m-arued Richard Allingion, of 
Hsrfehtath, in Cafnhridgcjhire., Efq. Upon this Marriage 
jhe Eftate was fold to Savage E^irl Rivers^ in which Fa- 

Hundred d//" Babergh. 263 

mily it continued to the Refloiation, when the Cordels 
became Purchafers. Robert Cordel^ of Mdlford^ Efq; 
was created a Baronet 22 ^w;?*?, 1 660. From the Cord&h 
it defcended into the Family of Firchrace, and is now the 
Seat of Lady Firebrace, Relidl of Sir Cordel Firebrace, 
Bart, late one of the Rcprefcntatives of this County. 

KentiucH-Halli another good old Seat in this Town> 
belonged to the ancient Family of the Cloptons ; they con- 
tinued here for many Dcfccnts, and to their Memory 
fcveral fair Tombs in the Church are crefted. From the 

Cloptons it defcended to ' Darcy^ Knt. and from 

him to \.\\e Robinfons ; Thomas Robinfon, of Ar;;/ivv//- Hall, 
Efq; was created a Baronet lb Jan. i68r ; but his Heir, 
who lived at IVorliyigham near Beccles^ fold his Eftate in 
thefe Parts to John Moore., Efq^ Citizen of London^ and 
Uncle to John Moore, Efq; tlie prefent PoffelTor. 

At the South-end of the Town is an old Seat, where 
the Family g{ Martin hath long refided. Roger Martin., 
Mercer, Son o'i Laurence Martin of this Town, was Lord- 
Mayor of London m i^6j : His Defcendant Roger Martjn^ 
of this Town, Efq; was created a Baronet 28 Adarch 1667 : 
It is now the Seat of Sir Roger Martin, Bart. The Church 
is a beautiful and noble Structure, flandmg at the North- 
end of the Town : There were two Ch^iuntries in it, one 
founded by William Cloptou, of the yearly Value of 61. 
6 s. Z d. and the other founded by John Hill^ of the 
yearly Value of 7 /. 5 s. IVeavcr faith, that on fome 
Part of the Out- fide of the Church are thefc Words : 
*<• Pray for the Souls oi John Clopton and Richard Pioteler., 
*« of whofe Goodys this Chapel was built." The Manor 
and Advowfon of the Re<Slory belonged formerly to the 
Abbey of Biajy to which it Vv'as given by Jlfiic the Son 
o'iWidgar., a famous Knight. They were granted by 
Queen Mary \. to William., afterwards Sir IVilUam Cor- 
del \ who built here an Hofpital for the Poor, nnd plen- 
tifully endowed it. The prefent Bifhop of Worcejler is a 
S 4 Native 

2 64 Hundred <?/ B a b e r g h. 

Native of this Place, and Son to the late Redlor. Mell- 
ford-Yzix is yearly on the Tuefday in JVhltfim Week ; but 
it was granted to the Abbot of Bury 19 //wry II I. to be 
held on the Eve, Day, and Morrow of the Holy Trinity j 
with a Market on Ihurfdays. 

MiLDiNG, formerly the Lordfhlp and Dcmefne of 
Remiglus de Milden^ who took his Name from this Place. 
Afterwards it defcended to the JlFwgtcns ; from them, by 
Purchafe, to the Canhams. It is now vefted in John Can- 
ham^ Efq; who has his Seat at the Hall. 

In this Parifhis alfo frt'ih-Ha.]], fome time belonging 
to the Family of Shorcland. The Keirs of that Family 
fold it to Paul D' Ewes, Efq; who left it to Sir Simon 
D'Ewes, Knt. his Son. Afterv/ards it was fold to the 
Caimans ; and from them it came, with the Eftate at 
Breut-Illfigh^ to Edward Goaty Efq. See p. 257. 

MoNjcs-///?/^^, fo called becaufe the Ixjrdfliip formerly 
belonged to the Monks of St. Peter (now commonly 
called St. Auftin^^ in Canterbury^ to whom it was given 
with Hadkigh^ by Brithnoth, Dux or Comes of EJJ'ex^ when 
he went to fight againft the Danes, by whom he was 
killed at the Battle of Maiden, Anno 991. It is a Peculiar 
qf the Archbifhop's, who is alfo Patron of the Church j 
but the Manor belongs to the Dean and Chapter. 

Newton, formerly the Lordfhip oUi'llUam Butvillein. 

Neyland, a Town fituatcd on the Stour, over which 
it has a fair Bridge leading into EJJ'ex. The Church and 
Spire-Steeplcj landing in the Middle of the Town, are 
good Ornaments to it. The Woollen Manufadlure has 
flouriflied here, but not nov/ fo much as formerly ; yet 
the Inhabitants make Bays and Says. Here is a mean 
Market Weekly on Fridays; and one Fair Yearly on 21 
Sept. The Manor belonged to Lord Scroope, oi Mafnamy 
J 3 Edward 111, 


Hundred of Babergh. 265 

PoLSTEAD, formerly the Lordfliip o{ James Larnburriy 
Efq. It is at prefent moil remarkable for its Cherries. 
Here is the Seat of TVllHam Bed Brandy Efq. In this 
Parifli there was anciently a Chauntry of the yearly Va- 
lue of 6/. 6 J. o\:cl 

Preston, is a Village, which comprehendeth feveral 
Manors : The firft is called the Priory, as originally be- 
longing to the Priory of the Holy Trinity in Ipfwlch^ which 
prefented to the Vicarage j but the Advcwfon of the Vi- 
carage is now in the Mafter and Fellows of Emanuel 
College, Cambridge. The next is xho-Wlznor oi Maljiers^ 
as belonging to the Maijlers at Batlsford^ the Commandery 
of this County, where the Tenants paid their Rents j and 
from thence they were paid again to the Prior of St, 
Johns oVJerufakm^ and his Brethren Knights of the fame 
in London. Thefe two Manors were granted by King 
Henry VIU. in the 35th Year of his Reign to Jndreiv 
Judde, The third was called Mortimers^ in which Name 
it Jong continued, till the Heir-general was married to 
Ferrers y and his Daughter to Crcjjmer^ who afcerwards 
fold it to other Lords. 'J he fourth is the Manor of 
SuilftSy which Cecily the Mother of K\ng Edward W, 
gave to the Guild of J^fus College, in Bury ; and, at the 
Diffolution, was granted to Richard Corbetty 2 Ediv. VL 
There is yet another Manor near the Church, called 
PreJion-HaW^ which belonged to the Earls oi Oxford i till 
John the fourteenth Earl, dying without IflTue about the 
18th of Henry VIII. it defcended to his Siller (married to 
Sir Anthony JVhgfcUl, Knt.) in which Family it con- 
tinued three Dei'cents, and was lately purchafcd by Sir 
Wllluun Beachcroft. Knt. and Alderman of London. In 
the Reigns of James and Charles the Firft, here lived 
Robert Rlcey Efq; an accompliflied Gentleman, and a 
great Pfcierver of tlie Antiquities of this County. 


266 Hundred of B a b r r c ti. 

Shimpling. was in the Conqueror's Time the Lord- 
fhip of Odo de Campania. It afterv/ards dcfccnded to the 
Lords Fitz-ijualter. Robert Plampyn^ Efq; has now his 
Seat here, called Cheracre^ or Sihadacre-YidW. 

Some R TON. The Lordfhip of Thomas de Burgh, A.D. 
1274. It is at prefent vefted in the Lord Blundelf of the 
iCingdom of Ireland. 

* "StANSTEAD. ^\r Robert de Wachefbam had the Ad- 
vdwfon A.D. 1358. 

Stoke yW/i^NEYLAND, called in our Hiftorles Stoke- 
Ncjland to diftinguifh it from Svoke- Clare, Stoke- Ipfwich, 
hcc. Its Chuich and Steeple are noble Structures: The 
Steeple lifting up a majeftic Head, is feen as far as Har~ 
wich, near twenty Miles diftant. Here was a Monaftery 
cf good Note before the Conqueft ; but we meet with 
little or nothing of it afterwards. Stoke has two Fairs j 
one en the 24th Feb. the other on the i ft of J-f j/. 

Gifardi-HzW, m this Parifh, hath belonged to the 
MawKocks ever hnce the Time of King Henry IV. and 
it is now vefted in Sir JV:Uiam Manmck, Bart. 

'Tendr'wg-Yi-sW, belonged to a Family of that Name. 
IVilltam de Tendring had a Grant of a Market and Fair 
at Stoke at Nejland, 31 Edivard \. Sir Tf'lIIiafn Tendritig, 
about the Year 1421, left J/ice his Daughter and Heirefs 
who married Sir J^hn Fliivard, Knt. dire(5t Anceftor to 
the Dukes of Norfolk. From that Family it came to the 
Lord J'f^wdfcrs. From the Reformation it was the Seat 
of the TVUUamsh. Sir John If^iliwjns, Knt. aid Lord- 
Mayor of London in 1736, built here a noble Scat, which 
by Purchafe is now become the Property of Admiral Sir 
IVilliam Rowley, Knt. of the Bath, and one of the Lords 
of Kis Majefty's Board of Admiralty. 


Hundred ^/"Babergh. 267 

SuDDURY, ftands upon the 5/flz/r, which is navigable 
for Barges from Mnn'mgtree to this Town. It was an- 
ciently called South-Biirgh, as No7-wich is faid to have 
been "called North- Burgh. It is a very ancient Town ; 
and at prefent eonfifts of three Parifl-jes, having three 
beautiful and large Parifli Churches j St. Gregorf^^ St. 
Pete/s, and Jll- Saints. This Town was one of the firft 
Places where King Edward III. put the Dutch7nen whom 
he brought into England from the Netherlands, to teach 
the EngUJh to manufacture their own Wool j and the 
Woollen Trade hath continued here ever fince. 

It is a Town-Corporate, governed by a Mayor, fix 
Aldermen, twenty-four capital Burgefies, and other Sub- 
Officers. It has divers Privileges, and fends two Mem- 
bers to Parliament. His Grace the Duke of Grafton takes 
the Title of Baron from this Place. 

S'mion Sudbury, who was Archbifhop of Canterbury 
A. D, 1375, and beheaded by the Rabble in Wat Tylers 
Infurredtion, was a Native of this Town : He built the 
upper End of St. Gregory's Church ; he founded a Col- 
lege where his Father's Houfe flood, and endowed it fo 
well that it v/as of the Value of 122/. J 8^. per Ann. 
when it was fapprefied. He is alfo faid by Lcland with 
"John de Chertfey, to have founded a Priory here of the 
Order of St. AujJin ; tho' Weaver afcribes it to one 
Baldwin of Shipling [Shimpling perhaps) and Mabil his 
Wife. This Pnory was valued at 222/. 1S5. -^d. It 
is now the Manfion of Den7:y Cole, Gent. Town-Clerk 
of Sudbury. 

Waldingfield Magr.a. formerly the Lorufliip of 
James Butler Eatl of Wihftnre; and afterwards of the 
Earls of ^z^;*-. 'i^'w John Carbonwell \\7^^ a Manor here, 
and theAdvowfon of the Church about the Year 1 300; 
but the Advowfon is now in the College of 6/flr^-Hall, 


268 Hundred of B a b e r c h. 

Cainhr'idge. About the Year 1360, Hawis the Relict of 
Sir Roger de Bavcnt, rclcafed the Manor of Brandcjlon- 
Hail in IFM'mgfield Magna to the Nunnery of Dartford 
in Kent. The Manor of Moreves was granted to Henry 
Lord Bouchier 14 Edward IV. at prefent it belongs to the 
Family of Keddingtsn. 

Waldingfield Parva^ the Lordfliip of ^f'i/Iiam 
Beauchaffip and IFii'iiam Fitz- Ralph 9 Edward I. Sir 
Ralph Lutteril is faid to have died feifed of this Manor 
6 Henry VI. The Rev. Dey Syer hath it now. 

WisTON', fometimes called IViJfmgton. The Cluniac 
Monks at ThetfordlmA the Advowfon of this Church by 
the Gift of Rohert the Son of Godbold^ and they gave it 
to their Cell of Horkejlcy in EJfcx, A. D. 124.0. 


[ 269 ] 

Hundred of Cos ford. 

Cos FORD Hundred joins to the Hundred of Ba-^ 
hergh before-mentioned towards the IVeJl ; and con- 
tains the feventeen following Parifhes. 

Aldham, the Lordftiip of the fecond Robert de Vere 
Earl of Oxford^ 24 Edward I. The third Robert died 
feifed of it 33 Ed. III. as did Thomas de Vere 45 Ed. IIL 
Sir John Howard obtained a Grant of this Manor 15 
Edward ly . as Part of the Eftate of John late Earl of 
Oxford^ attainted. It belonged lately to the Earl of Lei'- 
iejier j now to Sir Jojhua Vanneck^ Bart. 

BiLDESTON, is a Town in a Bottom, meanly builty 
and the Streets are dirty ; it appears to have been more 
populous than it is now, which is owing to the Decay of' 
the Woollen Manufafture which formerly louriflied here. 
The Church is a very good Building, ftanding on a Hill 
on the WeJl-{\At of the Town, near which is the Man-' 
fion of the late Bartholomew Beal, Efq; who left two 
Daughters Heirefles : One married Jacob Brand., Efq; of 
Polftead ; and the other TVilUam Aljion^ Efq; of Bram- 
ford., defcended from the Aljlons formerly of Marhfordy 
in the Hundred of Loes. Here is a mean Market Week- 
ly on JFednefdays, and two Fairs Yearly ; the one on y^Jh- 
IFednefday, and the other on Jfcenjion-Yyzy . Befides the 
Parifti Churches, there was formerly a Chapel of St. LeS' 
vcrdf in which before the Reformation there was a Chaun- 
tiy, called Erdington' s C\\z.uniry -y and long after the 
Reformation there ufejd oftentimes to be Divine Service 


270 Hundred ^/Cosford. 

perforrricd in it, by reafon of the Diftance of the Church 
from the Town. Henry Lord Bouch'ier died feifed of the 
hhnor of Bilde/fon, 2;^ Edward IV. JViUiafn Lord Parr 
having married Anne Daughter and Heirefs to Henry Bou- 
ch'ier Earl of EJfex^ had Livery of all the Lands of her 
Inheritance 33 //^/vry VIIL and amongft others of the 
Manor of Bildcjion in Suffolk^ with the Advowfon of the 
Church. They now are both vefled in IVilliam Bed 
Brandy and IViHlarn Alf.oriy Efqrs. jointly. 

Brettenham, a Pariih at the Head of the little 
River Breton, fuppofed to be the Combreton'tum of Anto- 
ninus ; at prefent of no Remark but for the Family of 
JVenyeve, v/ho have their Seat here, which is now vefted 
in Edward JFenyeve^ Efq; Son of Sir George Wenyevc, by 
CZri///fl« Daughter of Sir Dudley (afterwards Lord North) 
Temp. Car. IL The Earl of Glocejler was Patron of 
this Church till 1344; the Earl of Stafford till 1432; 
the Earl oi Buckingham till after 1504J and the Crown 
did not prefent till 1552. 

Chelsworth. In this Parifh the River Bret or Brc- 
ton, before-mentioned, receives the Water of two other 
Rivulets, and becomes more confiderable. On a rifmg 
Ground near the Church are the Remains of the Foun- 
dation of a Stone- Building, which appear to have been 
very large, and to have been encompafled by the River ; 
and near them is a Field called. The Parky and other Fields, 
called Park-Fields j and a fmall Wood, called, the Park- 
Wood. From which Circumftances it is fuppofed to have 
been the Habitation of fome Perfon of great Figure and 
Confequence ; probably, of the Founders of the Church, 
which formerly belonged to the Duke of Norfolk's Fa- 
mily. Sit John Hozvardy Knt. by Will dated in 1385, 
gave a Legacy of Twenty Shillings, towards the Repair 
of his Church of Chelfworth. Mthelfled the Daughter of 
Aifgar had Chcljkorth of the Gift of King Edgar, and 


H U N D R E D ^/ C p S F O R D. ^71 

according to her Father's Requeft gave it to the Abbey 
oi' Bury i yet John de St. Phi liber i had free Warren in 
his Demefne Lands here 10 Edw. II. and died feifed of 
a Manor in Chelfworth 7 Ediv. III. Richard Plai-z had a 
Manor here, 27 ^r/tc. III. or 1352.: Ai\d -John de Vers 
had a Manor here in 1472, in Right of hisVVife, whofe 
Grandmother, Wife of Sir "John Hovjard before-mention'd, 
was Daughter and Heirefs of '^'w.'J.ohn de Plaiz. His Son 
dying without Ifiue, it defcended xoyohi-Vcre his Nephew, 
Son of Sir Gecrge Vcre^ Knt. This "John married Ann 
Daughter of Thomas Duke of Norfolk, and was the four- 
teenth and laft Earl of Oxford, of that Name and Family. 
He died without liTue in 1526, and all his Eftates went 
to his three Sifters : Dorothy, married to John Neville^ 
Lord of Latimer ; Elizabeth, married to Sir Anthony Wing- 
field, of Letheringham ; and Urjula, married to Sir Edward 
Knightley. This Manor afterwards became the Pioperty 
of the Family oije^iny ; of whom ii: was purchafed in the 
Year 1737, by Robert Pocilington, Efq; who has built a 
handfome Manfion, and now refides there. 

Elmsett. This was the Birth-place of that eminent 
Critic in the Greek Tongue John Bois, Prebendary o^ Ely. 
Here is a Fair Yearly on the Tuefday in Ir'hitfun-W tok. 
The Lordihip of this Parifh belongs at prefent to Riclmrd 
Gideon GLmville, Efq. The Advowfon of the Rectory 
to Clare'}ld\\, in Cambridge . 

Hadleigh, is a large Town on the North-fide of the 
River Breton. Its Church is a fumptuous Building, 
graced with a Spire-fteeple, which is a great Ornament 
■ to it; but our Antiquaries have a greater Refpecl: for it, 
as being the Burial-place o^ Guthrum, ovGcrmo ths Dan:. 
This Guthrum the Pagan King of Denmark, being over- 
come in Battle by King Alfred, was by hij Pcrfuafion 
baptifed, who afterwards gave him freely the Country of 
the £■(?/?- ////^^/a to govern J which he did twelve Years, 


272 Hundred <?/Cosford. 

and dying in the Year 889, was buried in this Church, 
However this may be, it is ceitdin Had/eigh has fince that 
been remarkable for the Martyrdom of Dr. RowlandTay- 
lor, who was Redor of this Church, and burnt J. D. 
1555, upon the Common in this Parifli, tho' commonly, 
but improperly, called Aidham Common. On the Spot 
where he is faid to have been executed, was a Stone with 
this mif-fpelt Infcription : 

Anno 1555 
Dr. Taylor for defending what was god 
In this Place fhed his Blod. 

It has been a Town Corporate, but a ^0 Warranto 
being brought againfl them, they furrendered theirCharter, 
and their Deed of Surrender being enrolled, and Judg- 
ment being entered up againft them upon Record, they 
could not be reinftated by the Proclamation of James II, 
of ly 0/^. 1688 s and no other has been granted fince. 
Here are two Markets Weekly, on Mondays and Satur- 
days ; the Market on Monday for Corn, is very confider- 
able. Here are two Fairs Yearly on the Tuefday in IVhit- 
yj/n-Week, and on the 29th of Sept. The Buildings and 
the Town in general have of late Years been much im- 
proved. Jofeph Beaumont, D. D. and Regius Profeflbr at 
Cambridge, was a Native of this Town. 

Dr. TVilkins the late Redtor, ere(5led a very handfome 
Altar-piece in the Chancel j and both the Church and 
Parfonage-Houfe have been greatly improved and beau- 
tified by the prefent Redlor, the Rev. Dr. Tanner. 

The Manor, which is very extenfive, is now vefted in 
Ebenezer Maurice, Efq. 

The ftrong Gate- way to the Reftory-Houfe was built 
by that Dr. fyhcnham., Chancellor of Norwich, who built 
the Archdeacon's Houfe in Ipfwich. See p. 43. 

Pond-hall in this Parifli was formerly the Seat of the 
D'Oylys, before they removed to Shottijham in Norfolk ; 


Hundred of Cosford. 27^ 

tvhrre Sir Will'tam D'Oyly was created a Baronet 29 July^ 
J 663. This Honour hath lately defcended to the Rev. 
Sir Hadley D'Oyly^ of Ipjwicb ; but this Eftatc is come 
by Purchafe to the Right Hon. the Earl of Dyfart. 

HitchaM. The Manor and Advowfon belonged to 
the Bifhop of Ely, till 4 Elizabdh. The Crown did not 
prefent to this Church till 1561. 

Kettilbarston. V/ill'iayn de la Pole Marquis of 
•Suffolk, obtained a Grant of the Manors of Kettilberjlon 
and Nedding in Suffolk, 23 Hen. VI. to hold by the Ser- 
vice of carrying a golden Sceptre with a Dove on the 
Head of it upon the Coronation- Day of the King's Heirs 
and Succellbrs ; and another Sceptre of Ivory, vv'ith a 
golden Dove on the Head of it, upon the Day of the Co- 
ronation of the then Queen, and all fucceflive Queens of 
England. It is faid the JVcddegraves had their Seat at the 
Hall here ; afterv/ards it defcended to the Lcmc.ns ; from 
them to the Beachcrofts, m which Family it now is. 

Kersey, is memorable only for 3 Priory cf Benedi^ine 
Monks, as fome fay ; but rather of Aujiin Canons, dedi- 
cated to St. Mary and Sc. Anthony. It was granted by 
King Henry VI. to King's College in Cambridge. Here 
is a Fair yearly on Eajler Tuefday. 

Here is a large Manfion called Sainpfris-Hall, formerly 
in the Family of the Sampfons who gave Name to it. 
It is now the Property of Sir Thomas Thorroxvgood, Knt. 
late High-Sheriff of this County, who relides there. 

Leyham. ^ohn de Leyhayn ^x^s io^x\^ iS Edw.I. to 
hold the Manor of Overkny-UM in Leyham in Suffolk, of 
the Earl-Marflial. Edmund JVoodjlock Earl of iiTip/jr died 
feifedofthe Manors of Kcrpy and Leyham in Suffolk, 4 
Edward III. Edmund his Sou died feifed of the fame Ma- 
nors without Iffue ; and Joan his Sifter, then the Wife of 
ind to be his next Heir. The 
T faid 

274 Hundred of Cost or li. 

fold Joan died fcifcd of thefe Manors 9 Richard II. T^i?-' 
jy/^j dc Holland her Son, died fcifed of the fame 20 Ru. H. 
whofe two Sons dying without Iflue, Edmtind Mortimer 
Earl of Mcjrch, who naarried one of their Sifters had this" 
Branch of the Eftate, and died without Iflue icifed of the 
Manors of Kcrfey and Leyhamy 3 Hen. VI. Henry Grey 
Lord Poiois died 28 He7i. VI. fcifcd of the Manor of Ker- 
fey^ and one third Part of the Manor of Leyham. Richard 
his Son died fcifed 6 Edw. IV. yet Srr John Howard is faid 
to have a Grant of a Manor in Leyham in Suffolk i ^V- 
if i^r^ IV. Perhap* this was only one other third Part -t 
the remaining third Part was in Sir John Tiptoft, wha 
died feifed of it 22Hen.Vl. Thefe Manors and Manfion 
vvcre fometime veiled in the Family of the Hodgcs'sy of 
v/hom they were purchafed by the D'OyJySy and are now 
tiie Property of Peregrins D'Oyly^ Gene. 

LiKE-SE Y, is an Impropriation belonging to King's Col- 
lege, CafuhriJ^e. 

• Naushton. The Manor is in the Heirs of the U Au- 
ireys ; a«d the Advowfoft of the Living in the Family oi 
the Stiibbings. 

Nedgixg. Sec KettilbarstoNv 

Seamere. This Lordfhip belonged to the Abbey of 
Lifty^ and was appropriated to the Ufe of the Celarcr, 
The Manor, Advowfon, and a great Part of the Eftates 
in this Parifti are veiled in the Rev. Thojiias Cookcy M. A. 
the prefent Reefer. 

. 'Vi-iQR-p-Alorienx^ anciently the Lordfhip andDemefne 
ef Hiigh de Ahneux, and perhaps from him might derive 

its Name. The Lordfliip belongs at prefent to » 

•Rijhyy Efq. 


Hundred <?/ Cos ford." 275 

Wattisham. Giles de JVacheJham held this Manor 

by the Serjeantry of jumping, belching^ and f g before 

the King, as appears by the Memorandum in the Ex- 
chequer, Anno 21 Edw. I. In ^^ Edward IIL or J. D. 
1358, Sif Robert de Wachtjhdm had it. The Church v/as 
impropriated to the Priory of Bricet, and the Impropria- 
tion belongs to King's College in Cambridge. 

Whatfield, or Wheatfield, has four Manors 
in it: The Manor of Cisford, late Sir Henry D'Oylfs, and 
tiow the Right Hon. the Earl of Dyfart\ ; the Manor of 
Barrard's, late Sir WilUa?n Spring's, and now in the Heirs 
oi Thomas Martin, Gent, the Manor of Hornham, late 
Robert Barwell's, Gent, arid now Robert Pocklington's, Efqj 
and the Manor of JVhafJield-UzW, late William Vefefa^ 
Gent, (of whom there is a fair Monument of white Mar- 
ble in the Church) arid now William Mayheivs, Gent, of 
Colchejler^ in EJJex. 

This Town is chiefly remarkable for growing the moft 
excellent Seed- Wheat. The Advowibn of the Rectory 
is veiled in Jefus College in Cambridge, 


[ 27^] 


Not Engraved. 

From Ipfwlch to Catawade Bridges, 

FROM Bourn-^n^gt go right forward ; at 2 Mil&s-- 
5 Furlongs from the Crofs in the Market-fquare 
the left goes to JVherJlead Church, turn on the 
Right, then on the Left, and avoiding feveral fmall Lanes 
to the Right and Left keep in the principal Road \ at 4 m. 
5 f. the Left goes to Tattingjlon Church ; at 4 m. 7 f. 
crofs Bentlj Brook j at 7 m. 3 f. is Brantham-Jircety 
where the left Acute backward goes to Stutton and Shot- 
ley \ at 7 m. 7f. turn on the Left, the Right goes to 
Eajibergholt ; at 8 m. if. is Bratitham Church clofe on 
the Left; at 8 m. 3f. turn on the Left, the right Acute 
backward goes to Beniley^ the right forward to Eajibergr- 
holti at 9 m. 3 f. is Catawade firit Bridge. 

From Ipfw'ich to Shotly- Ferry, 

At Bourn Bridge turn to the Left by the Water- fide f 
at 3 m. 4 f. from Ipfwich Crofs the Right goes to Frejion 
Church, on the Left you fee the Tower j at 3 m. 7 f. the 
Right goes to Beljiead and Copdod; the forward Road to 
Holbrcok^ Stutton^ and BranthaTn, turn to the Left ; at 6m. 
2f. the Left goes to Chclmondi/lon Church, leave the 
Church about a Furlong on the Left ; at 7 m. 4f. the Left 
goes to Shotly Church ; at 8 m. 6L is Arwerton Park 
clofe on the Right, turn on the Left ; at 9 m. 6 f. the 
Left in at a Gate goes to Shotly Church j at 10 m. 2 f . 
is Shotly- Ferry. 


• Cross Roads. h-]'] 

From Ipfivich to Langer-Fort and Fellx/low- Ferry. 

Through St. C/ement's-^reet and the lov»er Hamlet, 
when you are up BiJIoop's Hill, keep by the Left-hand 
Hedge, the Right-hand Road goes to Noolon ; pafs the 
Race-ground clofe on the Right; at 2 m. 5 f. is the 
Warren- houfe clofe on the Left ; at 4 m. 5 f. are the 
^even Hills, the Right goes paft the Houfe of Induftry to 
N.a£ion^ the Left thro' Bucklesfham to Jt'^oodbriclge ; keep 
right on ; at 8 m. 6 f. are Trimly two Churches j at 
10 m, 2 f. is lValtG72-Crok ; at lOm. 5 f . the forward 
Road leads to Felixjioiu-Ytrry ; turn on the Right, and 
at 13m. I f. is Longer- Fort, ai;d Orwell- Haven. 

From Ipfwich to Dehenham. 
Through C/^>'^(7« Toil-Gate at 4 m. 7 f . turn to the 
■Rrght, paft Shrubland-HaW and Park, clofe on the Left ; 
at 6 m. 4f. the Right goes to Hemingfl on ^ turn on the Left 
over Coddenham Brook and pafs the Church, where the 
Left goes to Necdbam ; at 7 m. the Right to JVickhajn- 
Market ; at 7 m. 5 f turn to the Right, the Left goes 
to Crow field Tiwl Stonham-Jfpal; at 9 m. 2 f . the Right 
goes to Gofheck ; at 9 m. 5 f . the Left Acute backward to 
€rowJieId Chapel ; at 10 m. 3 f . the Right to Helming- 
Jjam-i at 10 m. 6 f . is P^//<7;/^/? Church, a little on the 
R.ight ; the Right to Frmnfden ; at 1 1 m, 5 f. the Right 
to Winf.on, leaving TFinJicn about a Mile on the Right ; 
at 13 m. the Right leads to that Church ; at 13 m. i f. 
the Right leads by Jfifeld-^wzixx to Wiekham Market j 
at 13 m. ^L is Dchcuhain Mar.ket-Crcfs. 

From Ipfivkh to BildeJIon. 

At the Stones-End in St. Matthcw's-^reet take into 

Claydon Road, but leave it at the firft Turning on the 

X.eft-hand Acute forward ; at I m. 3 f. the Left goes to 

Sproughton j at 2 m. 3 f . turn on the Left, the Right to 

T 3 IFhitton'i 

^^S Cross Roads. 

If^hltfon; at 2 m. 5 f. crofs the Gippen ; at 2 m. 6f. you 
enter the London Road from Stow to Copdock, turn on the 
Right through Bramford; at 3 m. 3 f. the Right goes to 
Claydsn ; at 4 m. 4 f . the Right-on Road leads to Stow 
and Bury-t turn on the Left, leave Little Blakenham Church 
1 f. on the Right ; at 5 m. 7 f. is Somerjham Church, 
where the Left goes to Flowton-, at 6 m. 3f. is Somerjham 
Village, where the Left goes to Flowton, the Right to 
Ndtlejieadi at 7 m. the Left to Elmfett; at 7 m. 2f. 
the Right-on Road leads to Barking-Tye, turn to the Left; 
at 7 m. 3 f. the Left leads to Offton Caftle-Hill, turn on 
the Right J at 7 m. 6f. the Right to BarkingrTye \ at 
7 m. 7 f . is 0^o« Church on the Left; at 9 m, 4 f , 
and nt 10 m. 2 f . the Right to Sr/W; at 10 m. 4f. the 
Left to Naughton 'y at lom. 6f. the Left to Naughton 
Church, leaving that 2 f. on the Left, crofs Ncdgmg-Tye, 
^nd leaving IVattiJham Church about 6 f. on the Right j 
at 12 m. 6f. is Bildejlon Market -Crof§. 

From Woodhndge to Baicdfcy- Ferry. 
At Melton in the engraved Road turn on the Right, 
and crofs the Debcn over IVillford-'QudQC ; at 2 m. take 
the Right-hand Way up the Hill ; at 2 m. 5 f. take the 
Right which goes to Sutton Church, and paffing over 
heathy Land at 3m. 6f. the Right goes to Sutton, the Left 
to Eihy and avoiding divers Turnings to the Right and 
Left leave Shottif^am Church a little on the Right ; at 6 m. 
the Ri2;ht goes to Shoitzjham, the Left to HolIeJly\ at 8m. 
the Right leads to RamjMt, turn on the Left leaving Al~ 
derton Church a little on the Right j at Alderion Village 
ttjvn on the Right, leaving the Left-hand Way to Hol- 
Irlly ; at 9 m. I f. is Baudfcy Church ; and at ii m. if, 
js Baudfey-Ferry. 

From Woodhridge to Orford. 
Crofs the Dclen over JVillford-BvAgZy as before ; at 
{m. jSf. js a Sand-pit, avoiding the Left forward to Eyke, 

Cross Roads.' 275 

■and the Right to Sutton, take the middle Way ; at 4 m. 
2 f. the Right to HolUJIy, the Left to Eike, enter in at a 
(Gatej at 5m. 5f. Stavcrton Patk on the Left; at 6m. 
4f. leave it; at 6m. yf. is Butley Oiftex; the Right, on 
this Side the Oifter, goes to Capel ; the Right on the other 
to Butky Abbey, therefore turn on thg Left over the Ri- 
ver; at 8 m. if. turn to the Right, the Left to /F^w- 
tifdm ; at 8 m. 2f. is CInUesford Church on the Left ; at 
Sm. 4f. the Right to a?///<?i/'r^Mill, the Left to lunjUl-y 
pafs on the Side of Sudbourn Park ; at 10m. 3 f. turn to 
the Right, the Left to Saxmundha?n ; at 1 1 m. 4 f. is Or- 
ford Market-Crofs, 

From IVoodhridge to Aldhorough, 

Crofs the Dehen over TFiUford-^r\6ge, and at 2 m. 6 f. 
by the Sand-pit take the Left-hand Road, and leaving 
Bromejwell Chmch 2f. on the Left; at 3 m. 4f. are two 
•Gates, the Right to Sittton, the Ltcft to Vfford ; at 5 m. .is 
£/ay' Church on the Right, where the Right leads to Or- 
ford, the Left to Ufford ; at 5 m. 4/. the Left leads to 
Campfey-Afh^ and pafling by RendleJJ)afn Church on the 
Left; at 6m. 4 f the Right to HoUcfy, the Left to JFid- 
ham-i at 7 m. 2f. -is Rcndlcjham Houfe ; at 7 m. 6f. the 
Leftto4*> the Right \o Btiiicy \ at 8 m. 5f. the Left 
to Blaxhall, the Road right forward to JJh, therefore turn 
to the Right ; at 8 m, 6 f. is Tunjlall Village, the Right 
±0 Orford, avoiding divers Turnings to the Right and Left, 
and leav-ing the Ruins of Doningxvm'th Chapel a little to 
the Left; at 10 m. 7f. is Damngivorth-\i2i}i\ clofe to the 
Left ; from thence pafling over Siua^pc Bridge at 1 1 m. 5/. 
is Bnape Crown Inn ; then leaving Frijhn Decoy a little 
on the Right, at 13 m. 3f. is Poljhorough Gate, take the 
Right-hand and fo over HakfivoGd Common ; ac 15m. 
I f. is Aldhorough. 

T 4 T.hg 

2^0 Cross Roads. 

The Back-Road from Woodbridge to BUthloroiigh, by 
Snape Bridge. 
Proceed over WUlford Bridge in the Road now men- 
tioned to Aldborough^ crofs the Ore at Snape Bridge, and 
proceed to Polficyougb-Gztc at about 1 2m. where the Right 
to Atdbcroiigh^ the Left to Benhall ; at 12 m. 2 f. the Right 
to Aidborough, the Left to Saxmundham ; at 13 m. 1 f. the 
Right to Aidborough^ the Left to Knodijhall ; at 13m. 5 f, 
is Coh- Fair-Green ; at 14m. ^i. is Leijion White-Horfe, 
leave the Abbey a little on the Left ; at 15 m. 6f. the 
Left to Toxfordj at 17m i f. is Eq/i-Bridge^ and leaving a 
Wind-mill a little on the Left j at 18m. ^L the Right to 
Dunwlch^ the Left to WejUeion \ at 1 8 m. 7 f. the Left t« 
JVeJlleton^ the Right to Dunzvich, leaving it about 2 m. 
djflant ; at 19 m. 2 f. the Left to Drt/yZww j at 20 m. 7f. 
the Right to //''^/i<;/iv';V;^, the firft Left-hand Road leads 
to Darfna-jty the i'econd to Halefwortb -y at 2 i m. 7f. is a 
Wind-mill clofe on the Left 3 the Left leads io IFen-' 
haftcn^ the Right to IValderjycick j at 22 m. 3 f. the Right 
leads to JVeJhvccd Ledge i and about 2 f. farther is 

The exa6l mcafurcd Diflance from TFoodbrldge to 

By IVtilford and SrMpc is 22 m. 5 If. 

Through JVickham and Saxmundham — 21m. 6'f. 

So the laft- mentioned is the nearert by 6^f. 

See Plate \. 

Crofs-Road from IVichkam-Marhct to Eye. 
From the Crown Inn at 3 f. the Left goes to Ar^^- 
ham j at 5 f. crofs the Debcn at GUmrwg Bridge ; at 
I m. 2f. the Right turns back to Cumfjcy-Ajh ; at 2 m. 
3 f. are Ecifon Church on the Right, and Eojlon White- 
Houfe on the Left ; here the Right to Parhaniy the Left 
Xo Lethcrhigbarn \ at 2m. 5 f is a Pound on the Right, 
and that Road leads tq Framlingbam ; at 3 m. 2 f. Lether" 
i»gham h in view j ^t 3 m, 5!. the Left to //<;<?, the Right 
■"''"' fq 

Cross Roads, 281 

to FramUngham ; at 3 m. 7 f . is Kettlelurgh, wbere the 
Klght to Framllfig/jam ; at 4m. 5 f . Mr. Sp(jrrow'sViou(e 
clofe on the Right, then the Left forward to Deh^nham, 
turn on the Right ; at 4 m. 7 f . the Left to Debenham, 
the Right to Frafnlingham ; leave BrandiJIon-HdW about 
1 f. on the Left, keep right forward over Brandijlon-r 
Green; and at 7 m. is Earl-Soham, palling over a Brook 
3Void the Left-turning to y^pfield; at 8 m. i f. the Left 
•to Ipfwich ; at lom. if, the Left to Debenham ; at lo m. 
3f. i§ Kenton Church on the Left, the Left- Road leads to 
Debenham; at iim. if. the Right to Worlingworth ; at 
Jim. 2f. the Left forward to Debenham., turn on the 
Right ; at 1 1 m. 7 f. the Right to JVorlingworth-Gxetn j 
?t 12m. if. the Left to Rifi^angles, turn on the Right, 
jand avoiding feveral Turnings to the Right and Left, at 
^I3m. 3f is Occold Church clofe on the Right ; at 14 m. 
5f. the Left Acqte backward to Thomdon; at 15 m. the 
lLck to 7 horndon ; at 16 m. the Right to Fratnlmgham, 
turn on the Left over the Bridge j at x6m. 4f. is Eye 

Crofs-Road from Wickham- Market to Needham- Market, 

From the Crown-Inn at 3 f. avoid the lafl:-mentione4 
to Eye .y and go forward over PotfordGreen ; at i m. 3f. 
is Letheringham-F:\rk on the Right ; at 2 m. leave the 
Park, where the Right leads to Letberingham ; at 2 m. 
6 f. turn on the Left over a Brook, the Right forward 
Ic-dds to Charsjfjeld ; at 3 m. 3f. the Right to Charsfiejd 
Church ; at 4 m. 4 f. the Left to Woodbridge; at 5 m. 3f. 
the Right to i/co, the Left to C/j/)^^« ; at 6 m. is Catis- 
Hill, the Right backward to Moneiv den \ at 6 m. 2 f. 
turn on the Right, the Left to Woodhndge ; at 6 m. 7f. 
turn on the Left, the Right to Otlcy Church ; at 7 m. 7f. 
the Right to Hehn'wgham, the Left to Ipfwich ; at 8m. 3f. 
the Right to Afibocking^ the Left to Ipjivich ; at 8 m. 7 f. 
turn on the Right, the forward Road leads to Henley j at 


282 Cross Roads. 

jom. 4 f. is Slotiewall^ the Right to Hehn'wgham^ the Left 
to Ipjvaich y at lom. 7 f. the Left to Hemingjion ; at 1 1 m. 
3f. take the Left, the Right to Gojbeck j at 1 1 m. 5 f. is 
Coddeuham, here the Right to Dehenhayn^ and a little far- 
ther the Left over the Brook to Ipfwich y at 13 m. if. 
crofs the Pjr-Road near the Brook ; at 14 m. 2f. is Bof- 
jnere Mill j and 5 f. farther is Needham Chapel. 

Crofs-Road from Wickhatn- Market to Harlejhn. 
From the Crown-Inn over the Bridge, at about 5 f. 
leave the Yarmouth Road on the Right, and take the Left- 
hand Road ; at I m. the Right to Aldboroughy the Left to 
B^if^on J at I m. 7 f . is Hachejlon Church clofe on the 
Right, the Left \.oEaJion\ at 2 m. I f. the Right back- 
ward is the Road from Framlhighnm to Orford; at 2 m. 
3 f. is Hachejlon Village, the Right to Parham, the Left 
to Eo/fon ; at 4 m. 5f. the Left in at a Gate to Eafton, 
turn on the Right and crofs the Ore at the broad Water ; 
at 5 m. 3f. avoid the Left to Denington, and at 5 m. 7f. 
is Framlingham Griffin-Inn j paffing the Ore at 6 m. I f. 
the Left Acute forward leads to Saxted ; at 8 m. turn on 
the Right, the Left forv/ard to SiraSrook j at 8 m. 3 f. is 
Durrants-Bxxdgt ; at 8 m. 4f. turn on the Left, the Right 
forward to Badingham ; at 9 m. is Dennington Parfonage a 
little on the Left, the Left forward to Brundifo\ turn On 
the Right at 9 m. 2f. the Left Acute backward toSaxted, 
and /yf?w/;7^/3;? Church is clofe on the Right ; at 10 m. 
IS Fro/zA-BritJge, where the Right to Badingham^ tlie 
Left to Brundljh; at 12 m. 3f. the Right to Laxficld 
Church, turn on the Left; at 13 m. 3f. is LaxfeldWhltc- 
Horfc, turn on the Left ; at 13 m. 4 f. tura on the Right, 
the Left to Stradbrooky leaving Archbifhop Sancroft's Seat 
3f on the Left; at 15m. i f. turn on the Left, the 
Right to Craificld; at 16 m. 6f. turn on the Right, the 
Left to Siradbrook, the Left forward to Eye; at 16 m. 7f. 
is Frcpigficld Church clofe on the Right, through tlie 


Cross Roads. ,^83 

Street, the Right goes to Cratjield, therefore turn on the 
Left, and over a Brick^Brldge, where turn on the Right ; 
at 19m. if. t)\Q hdt ^o Weybread Chnxch \ a little far^- 
ther turn oft the Right, the Road right forward leads to 
Weyhread Mills ; at 1 9 m. 5 f. the Left Acute backward 
to Hoxne ; at 19 m. 6f. the Right to Wether/dale ; proceed 
over Shottisford Heath, leaving a Wind-mill a little on 
the Right; at 20 m. 2f. the Right to Halefivorth ; at 
20m. 3f. is Shottisford Bridge; turn on the Left, the 
Right to Mendham -y at 20 m. yf. the Left Acute back- 
ward to Sfole Inn ; and at 21 m. 2 f. is Harkjion Chapel, 

Crofr-Road from Wickhajn- Market to Aldhoraugh. 

From the Crown- Inn take the Baxmundham Road, and 
at the five Qj'ofs-ivays take the fecond Turning on the 
Right; at I m. 2f. the Right to Campfey-JJh^ the Left 
fo Hachejlon-y at i m. 6f. the Right -forward to Tunjlal; 
jat %xn. is ;he Well-houfe, where the Right to Cajnpfey- 
JJJ), the Left to Marlesford; at 2m. ^i. is Black-Jlock 
Water, the Left Acute backward to Marlesford ; at 4 m, 
is Blaxhall Cfiurch on the Left ; at 4 m, 4f. leave Blax- 
hall-lane, the Left Acute backward to Little Glemham ; at 
4m. 5f, the Left to Langha?n-^n6.gt ; at 5m. yf. Dun- 
nifJgworth-H2.\\ clofe on the Left, pafs the Ore at Snape^ 
Bridge, and fo on in the Road from Waodbridge to Aldbo- 
rough ; (p. 759-) and at I im. 4 f, is Aldhorough Market- 

Road from To x ford to Hale [worth. 

At I m. I f. on the Right is a Spur-way leading from 
Yoxford to Halcfjoo^-th^ take the Left- way ; and at 2 m, 
I f. from Xoxford is Sibton Church clofe on the Left ; d,i 
2m. 3f. is a Gate leading to 5/^^e« Abbey ; at 2 m, 5 f. 
.the Left thro' Peafenhall and Baditjgham, to Framlingham ; 
at 2 m. 7 f. the Left thro' Hcvcningham-Long-lane to XJb- 
hejlon ; at 3 m. yf. the Left to Heveningha?n^ the Right to 
,fibim-Gi:cen; ^t 4 m. 3f. U Thrca3arc-\ia.\\ clofe 011 
.. the 

284 Cro5« Roads. 

the Right J at 5 m. 6 f. the Left thro* Hevenlngham an4 
Ubbejion to Laxfield; at 5m, 7 f. is //^<?//>«/^ Village, turn 
on the Right, pafs by IValpole Church on the Left j at 
6 m. 6 f. the Right Acute forward Jeads to Hokon ; at 7 m. 
turn on the Left j at 7 m. i f. crofs the River Blyth j and 
at about 8 m. is H&lcfivorth Church. 

Crofs-Road from Hdefworth -to Bmigay. 

At the End of the Street the Right leads to Lcwefiofti 
:A jf. from the Market-Crofs -the Right to Holton ; at 
J m. I f. the Right Acute forward to Reccks ; at i m. 5 f. 
is Falr/iead-Gztt on the Left; at 3 m. 5 f. the Right to 
St. Andrew^; at 4 m. 6 f. the Left to St. Margaret's -, 
at 5 m. 7 f. the Right to St. Laurence^ the Church about 
1 f. diftant 5 then thro' a ftrait Way called Stone-Jireet 
turn on the Left, and at 6 m. 6 f. is St.Johns Church clofe 
on the Right; at 8m. 2 f . the Left to Homer sfield, the 
llight to Beccles ; at 8 m. 7 f. is Bungay Market-Crofs. 

Crois- Road from Hakfworth to Southzvold. 

From the Market-Crofs avoid the Roacls from lyijfet 
to Bungay, both going to the Left, keep the Right-hand 
Way thro' the Street ; at i m. 2f. is Holtori, where the 
Left goes to Beccles ; leave the Wind-mill on the Right, 
pafs i^/y/Z^W Church on the Right; at 2 m. 7 f . the 
Right goes over ^/yZ/yor^Z-Bridge \o IVenhaJlon -^ a little 
farther on, the Left goes to S other ton-yioox, avoiding fer 
veral Turns to the Right and Left ; at 4m. if. crofs the 
great Road from Ipfwich to Beccles ; at 5 m. 7f is IVolfey- 
Bridge ; and at 8 m. 6f. is Southwold Market-Crofs. 

Crofs-Road from Hakfworth to Lowe/loft, after croffing 

the Road from Ipfwich to Beccles. 

From the Markct-Crols, pafTmg in the Road laft-men- 

tioned, avoid the Road on the Right leading to IVolfey- 

Bridge, and pafs on leaving Henham-^zxV. on the Left ; 


Cross Roads. i^$ 

af 6 m. 6f. is IVatjgford Church clofe on the Right ; here 
the Right thro' Roydon to Southzvold, keep the Road right 
forward ; at 6 m. 7 f. the Right to Southwold, the Left 
to Uggejhall J at 8 m. 2 f. turn on the Right, the Left to 
Frojienden j at 8 m. 4f. turn on the Left, the Right tor 
South-Cove \ at 8 m. 7 f . the Right to Benacre -^ at 9m.- 
6f. is IVrentham Church clofe on the Left s leave the Hall 
a little on the Right, and pafs ever Satterly Common ^ 
at 1 1 m. 6f. the Right to Benacre^ the Left paft Hoijiead 
Church to Beaks, leave the Church a little on the Left; 
at 13m. if. is Rtijhmer Qhmch clofe on the Right; at 
14m. 7 f, is Carlton-Cohile Church a little on the Left; 
at 15 m. are the five Crofs-vi^ays where the Right Acute 
backward to Southzvold; the Right to Pakefieldy the Left 
to Beaks i at 1 6 m. 6f, is Mutford-Bndge, where the 
JRoad right forward to Tarmouth ; turn on the Right, and^ 
at 1 8 m. 7f. is I,ow^<?/^ Queen's-Head Inn; 

Crofs Road from Hakfivorth to Beaks. 
From the Market-Crofs in the Road to Southwold, zt 
X m, 2 f. is Holton Blackfmith's Shop ; here turn to the 
Left, leaving the Church about a Furlong to the Left ; 
at 4m. 4f. is Wejlhall Church, clofe on the Left; at 
5 m. if. is ^r^/w/i/^w Church ; here you enter the en- 
graved Road from Ipfwich to Beaks. Plate I. 

Crofs-Road from Hahfworth to Harkjlon. 

Vroceed through CheddiJion-JIreet, and at 2 m. is the 
Church clofe on the Right ; at 3 m. 3f. is LinJ^ead Ch^.- 
pel clofe on the Right ; at 7 m. i f. is Metfield Church 
elofe on the Left; at 8 m. 6 f . is Wetherfdak-Crok^ 
where the Right to Mendham, the Left to Frejfingfield\- 
at lom. 7f. is Shoiiisford-BrldgQ ; and at urn. 6f. is 
Harkjlon Chapel. 


S.S6 Cross Roads. 

Crofs-Road hom St jwrna-rket to Botefdale. 
From the Markct-Crofs proceed in the Bury Road ; a£ 
1 m. 6 f. leave the Bury Road which is right forward, and 
take the Right-hand Way over the River ; at 2 m. 4f. 
enter Haughlcy-f.rect'^ where the Right Acute backward 
goes to Neiuton ; at 2 m. 6 f. is Haughley Church on the 
Left, turn on the Right j at 3 m. the Right to Newton^ 
turn on the Left over Haughhy-Green ; at 4 m. 4f. leave 
the Green J at 5 m. 6 f. theXeft to fPyverJJ on y at 6 m. 
3 f. the Left to IfyvcrJIon, t1ie Road right forward to 
IVeJlhorpe j turn on the Right, Baclon Church clofe on 
the Right ; at 7 m. the Read right forward goes through 
Cotton to Mendlefoam ; turn on the Left over a Common ; 
at 7 ml 5 f. the Right to Mendlejlmm\ at 8 m. the Right 
to IVickham-Skeithy the Left to Wyverjlon ; at 8 m. i f, 
is Finningham White-Horfe, wiiere the Left through Pa- 
kcnham to Bury^ the Right through Thornham to the Pye- 
Road, pafs the Church on the Right i at 8 m. 3f. the 
Right to Gifmgham ; at 9 m. 6 f . enter Alured Green } 
at 10 m. 6f. leave it j at 12 m. 2f. is the Church of 
Ricklngale-fuperior on the Right, the forward Road leads 
to JVhatthfield^ turn on the Right ; at 12 m. 4 f. is ths 
Road from Yarmouth to Bury, turn qp the Right j and at 
13 m. 3 f. is Botefdale Crown Lan. 

Crofs-Road from Stowmarkct to Ixworthy and from Zv- 

worth to Tbetford. 

From the Market-Crofs at im. 6f. avoid the laft- 

mciuioned Road to Botefdale, and keep the Bury Road j 

at 3 m. 3f. avoid the Left-turning, which leads to Bury, 

aiid keep the forward Road ; at 3 m. 7 f. is JVctherdcn- 

Jlrcct, where the Right to Haughley-Grtcn ; at 5 m. i f. 

the Right to £/;/2/c^v.V, the hdz to PFoolp it ; at 5 m. 4f. 

the Right Acute backward to Bl/nfwell-Greeny leave 

the Church clofe on the Right; at 5m. 4 f. turns 

to the Right, the forward Road to Tojiock j at 7 m. 6 f. 


Cross Roads.- 2S7 

tlie Right to AJhficld^ the Left to Bury, Norton-Do^ 
clofe on the Right ; at 8 m. 3 f. you fee l>r. Macro % 
Seat on the Left j at 8 m. 7 f. the Right through a Gate 
to Stow-Langtoft ; at 9 m. 2 f, crofs the Road from Fin- 
ningham to Bury; at 9m. ^f. crofs a Brook, pafs over 
the Fielding; and at ii m. 2f. is lxworihJ]reet, where 
the Right to Botefdale^ the Left to Bury. 

P>om Ixworth crofs the River, and leave the Mill orr 
the Left ; avoid the Left-hand Turning to Lherm'ere, 
and keep the forward Road ; at i m. 4 f. is Ixtvorth-Thorp 
Church clofe on the Left ; pafs over a Common, and at 
2m. 6f. comes m on the Left th'C Road from Bury to 
Gajfrop-Gzie, leave Hunnlngton Church" clofe on the 
Right; at 2m. 6f. the Left to Llvermcre, the Right to 
Gajirop, keep the forward Road ; at 4 m. 4f. the Right 
Acute backward to Sapi/ion, leave Fakenham Church clofe 
on the Right, pafs over the Champaign Lajids, leave 
Eujlon Church on the Right; at 6m. the Le/t to Barn^ 
ham^ turn on the Right over £«/?ij«-Bridge, the Park clofe 
on the Right; at 6m. if. turn on the Left through 
Eujlon Village; at 6rn. yf. enter Norfolk at Carlfird- 
Bridge, avoid the forward Road, and take that on the 
Left-hand over the Warrens ; at 8 m, 4f. re-enter Suffolk 
at i^y/Zy-Bridge ; and at 9 m. 3f. is 77;^^r^- Bridge. 

m. f. 

The exaft Diftance from Stow to Ixworth, is 11 2-| 
From Ixworth to Thetford, is 93! 

From Stow to Thetfordy is 20 6 

Crofs-Road from Stowmarket to BUdeJicn, and from Bil- 
dejlon to Hodle'tgh. 
Pafs over Combs-Ford in the Ipfwkh Road, at 4f. a- 
void the Left to Ipfwkh ^ and the Right to Finborougo, a>id 
keep the forward Road, avoiding feveral Turnings to the 
Right and Left i 2X -^m, tL Wt^i Batthford-Tye, where 







288 Cross Roads. 

the forward Road leads to RtngjhalU take the Right-hanci 
Road over the Tye ; at 4 m. 3 f. leave it j at 6 m. 3 f. 
'y&JVattiJhaTnQ^Wixdn^ clofe on the Left j at 6 m. 6 f . is 
a Blackfmith's Shop, clofe on the Left ; at 7 m. 3f. the 
Acute backward XzdAi \o Needham \ and at 8 m. zf. is 
Bildejlon Market- Crofs. 

From thence at i f. avoid the Lefc-turnlng to Ipfw'ich^ 
and at 2f. the Right leading to Lavstiham ; leave Nedging 
Church about 2 f. on the Left, and pafs over Seamere- 
Bridgej at 2m. 3f. the Right to Kerf ey ^ at 3 m. the 
heft to NaUghton ; at 3 m. 3f. the Right to Kerfey, the 
Left to Cosford-Bndge ; at 3m. yf. comes in the Road 
from Sudbury to Hadleigb j and at 5 m. i f. is Hadleigh 

The exaft Diftance from Stow to Bildejlon^ is 
From Bildejlon to Hadleigh^ is — 

From Stow to Hadleigh 134 

Crofs-Road from Hadleigh to Stratford. 
Avoid the Right-hand Road leading to Layham^ and 
the Left leading to Ipfwich^ and keep the forward Road } 
at 4f. is the End of the Street, leave Layham Church 2f. 
on the Right ; at i m. 7 f. crofs a Brook, where the for- 
ward Road goes to Eaflhergholt^ turn on the Right j at 
2m, 6f. turn on the Left, the forward Road leads to Shelly\ 
leave that Church 2 f. on the Right ; at 3 m. pafs a Brook; 
.It 3m. if. turn on the Right, the Left to Raydon; at 
4 m. 6f. the Left to Holton\ at 4 m. yf. is Higham Vil- 
lage, where the Right to Stoke, the Left to Ipfwich j and 
at 6 m. and half a Furlong is Stratford Swan. 

The Road from Bury to Gajlrop-Gate^ being the Road 
to Norwich. 
Through the A^cr/Z'-gate at i m, 5f. leave the engraved 
Road to Thetford, and turn to the Right, leaving Fornham 


Cross Roads, 289 

St. Martin's Church a little on the Left ; at 3m. if. the 
K'lght to Bi7rton^ the heft to Timwofib i at 3 m. 4f. the 
Right to Ixworth, the Left to Timworth^ the Church on 
the Left af. at 3m. 6f. the Right to Ixworth ; at 5 m. 
2 f. the Right to Ixworth.^ the Left to Great Livermore^ 
leaving the Church on the Left near 2 f» at 6 m. 2 f. is 
Troflon Bull-Inn clofe on the Right, where turn on the 
Right, the Left to Rhpier-Yiowfe j a little farther the 
Right to Ixworib^ the forward Road to Ixworth-Thorp ; 
turn to the Left in at a Gate, Trojlcn Church a little on 
the Right j at 7 m. 2 f. the Right to Bardwdl^ the Left 
to Thetford\ at 8 m. the Road comes in from Ixworth to 
Thetford^ leave Honiiigton Church on the Right ; at Hon- 
ington-Jlreet turn on the Right over the River, the Left to 
Little Livennore^ the forward Road to Thetford; at 8 m. 
7 f. is Sapijion George-Inn j at 9 m. the Right to Sapijlon, 
the Left to Pakcnham ; at 9 m. 5 f . a Brick-kiln clofe on 
the Right, pafs by Barni)igham-?zr\i on the Left ; at 
1 1 m. 4 f. the Right to Bamiugham^ the Left to Thet- 
ford\ at 13 m. 3 f , the Right to He ptoji^ the Left to 
Rujhford, leave Krwttifial Church i f. on the Right ; at 
13 m. 4f. the Right Acute backward to Coney -Wejion^ 
paffing by a Pound on the Right, where the Right to 
Hopton^ the Left to Thetf or d^ at 13 m. 5 f . enter A'cr- 
folk; and at 13 m. 7I f. is Gafirop Gat?-Inn. 

From Bury to Brcndon. 

At 1 m, jf. on the Road laft-mentioned, avoid the 
Right to Thetford, and keep the forward Road ; at 2 m. 
3f. the Left Acute forward to Fornham J/I- Saints; at 
2 m. 7 f. leave Fornham Genaveve Church 2 f. on the Left; 
at 4 m. 2f. is Ctdford Church 2f. on the Left ; at 4 m. 

4 f. the forv/ard Road to Thetford^ turn on the Left ; at 
4m. 7 f . the Left to TFcJhzv^ the Right to Ingham; at 

5 m. 4f. is IVordwell Church, clofe on the Left ; at 8 m. 
5f. the Ri<2;ht to Theiford, the I^cft to Icklingbam; at 9m. 

U 3f. 

apO Cross Roads. 

3f. the Right Acute (orwzrd to Ehedon ; at lom. 2f. 
crofs the Road from Newmarket to Thetfordy at 15 in. 
pafs the Maid's-Head Inn, where the Left to Mildenhall\ 
at 15 m. 3f. is Brc«6^(5«-Bridge. 

From Bury to Mlldenhall. 
Through RiJI/y-Gztc at 2 m. leave the engraved New- 
marht Road, and take the Right-hand Way ; at 3 m. 3 f. 
is Rijiy Church clofe on the Right ; pafs Rifby-Jireet, 
and at 7 m. i f. in an open Country is Cavenharn Church 
ciofe on the Right j v/here the Right to Lackford, the 
Left to Higham-Green ; at 8 m. yf. turn on the Right, 
the Left Acute backward to Barrow, at 8 m. 7 f. iTud- 
denhatn Church clofe on the Right i at 9 m. the Right 
to Icklinghamy the Left to Kentford, at 9 m. 4 f. the Left 
Acute forward to JVorlington ; at 10 m. 7 f. Sixe. Barton- 
Mills, turn on the Right over the Pviver ; at 1 1 m. the 
forward Road goes from Newmarket to Brandon^ turn on 
the Left ; at 1 1 m. 6 f. enter Mildenhall-Jheet j and at 
12 m. 2f. is J^7(^^«Z)c//Ma)ket-Crofs. 

Road from Bury to Finnmgham. 
Pafs out at the Eaft-Gate in the engraved Road to Yar- 
mouth^ pafs Barton Church clofe on the Left j at 3 m. 4 f. 
leave the engraved Road to Ixwortb^ and take the Right- 
hand Way ; at 4 m. 5f. the Right leads to Bradficld- 
Manger^ the Ldt to Ixtuorth i at 5 m. the Left goes to 
Ixworthy turn on the Right through Pakaiham Village; 
at 5 m. I f. is Pakenham Bell on the Left, the Road right 
forward goes to Norton^ turn on the Left leaving Paken- 
ham Church a little on the Right ; at 6 m, 6f. the Right 
goes through Norton to Stow^ the Left through Ixworth 
to Thetford-i at 7 m. if. is Stowlangtoft Church clofe on 
the Left ; at 8 m. i f. is Hunfdon Church a little on the 
Right ; at 8 m. 7 f. is a Wind-mill a little on the Left, 
where the Right goes through JftjicUl to Flnningham^ but 
the Road right forward is the common Coach Road ; at 
8 9 m. 

Cross Roads* I'gi 

9171. 2f. is Badiveli'JJh Church clofe on the Left, the 
Road right forward goes to JValJham j turn on the Right 
leaving i?a^zt^^// Church about 3f. on the Right; at 10 in. 
I f. the other Road through J/hfield comes in on the 
Right ; at 1 1 m. 5 f enter in at a Gate by Cutl'mg's Hole j 
at 12m. if. the Right leads to Barton, the Left to Mr. 
Barnardijlonh^ leave Wyverjlon Pond clofe on the Left j 
at 12m. yf. Wyverjlon Church clofe on the Left; at 
13 m. 3f. a Gate on the Right, which leads to Ba^on'_ 
Hall ; at 1 3m. 7 f. is JVeJihorp-lAd\\, a little on the Left ; 
and at 14m. 6 f. is iv'«m'«g'/^^?« White-Horfe. 

From Bury to Clare. 

Through the Wejl-Gate at 5 f. is Stanford-Bridge ; at 
6f. the Left Acute forward to Hawjlead^ a little farther 
the Right to Horringer ; at i m. 2 f. Bury Bounds Pofl: j 
at I m. 4f. the Right Acute forward to Horringer \ at 
3 m. 3f. the forward Road to Brockley ; at 4 m. i f. the 
Left to Nowton^ turn on the Right, leave Whepjlead 
Church 2 f. on the Left ; at 4 m. 4 f. the Right to Che- 
vlngton ; at 6 m. 5 f. the Right to Reed Church, leai'e 
it about a Furlong to the Right ; at 7 m. 3 f. the Left to 
Brockley ; at 8 m. 3 f. is Hawkeden Church a little on the 
Left j at 8 m. 4 f. the Left Acute backward through So- 
merton to Hartejl, the forward to Glemsford, turn on the 
Ri^ht ; at 9 m. 2 f. the Right to Burnt- AJh Bridge, thro' 
Wkhham-Brook to Newmarket^ leave Stans/ield Church a 
little on the Right ; at 9 m. 4f. the Right- thro' Denf^ 
ten to Staddifoall^ the Left to Hartejl^ crofs over the Brook j 
at 9 m. 3 f. the Left to Boxted ; at 9 m. 6 f . the Right 
to Kedington I at i2rri. if. the Right to Hundsn, leave 
P cjlingf or d Church a little on the Right ; at i2m, 2f. 
the Ijtk to Glemsf or d i at 13 m. 2f» the Right through 
Chilton-Jlrcet to Kedington, turn on the Left paft Chiltoti 
Chapel, now a DwelJing-Houfe j and at 14 m. ^f. is 
Clare Market-Crofs. 

U a From 

'29^2 Cross Roads. 

From Bury to Lavcnham. 
Through the South-Gzte in the engraved Road to Sud- 
bury, at 6 m. avoiding the forward Road, take the Left- 
hand Way J at 6 m. 7 f. is Cockfield Church 2 f. on the 
Left; at 7 m. 3.f. a Wind-mill, the Left to Feljham; at 
S m. 6 f. the Right to Alphetm ; at 10 ra. 6 f. is the End 
of Lavenham-Jireet, where the Left to Pre/ion ; at 1 1 m. 
4 f. is Lavenham Swan-Inn. 

Crofs-Road from Lavenham to Sudhury. 

From the Swan-Inn avoid the Left-hand Way to 5/7- 
iejlon, proceed leaving the Church clofe on the Right ; 
at 2 f. turn on the Left, the forward Road to Jlphetm ; 
at 4f. the ^x^i to Melford ; at i m. enter TVaJhmore- 
Gieen,. the Lek thro' IFaldifjg^cId to Bury y at 2 m. 7 f. 
the Left Acute backward thro' Little JFaldbigfeld to Bil- 
dejion ; at 3 m. 2 f. enter Baberg Heath, the Right thro' 
j£ion to Melford^ the Left through Great tValdingficld to 
Hadlc'igh^ being the nearefl: Way from Melfordto Jpfivlch ; 
at 4m. I f. the forward Road to Colchejler, turn on the 
Right J at 4m. 7 f . is a View of C/;/7/(?«-Hall, about a 
Furlong on the Left j and at 6 m, 2 '- f, is Sudbury. 


From Bury to Lavenham, is II oi 

From Lavenham to Sudbury,- is 62^ 

^ From Bury to Sudbury by way of Laveyihcm 173 
*■■ .From 2?i/ry to ditto by vv-ay of Mclford 162'- 

Th& Way by Melford is neareft by i oL 

The Crofs-Road from iS;/^(^«r)' to Haverhill, 

In the engraved Rx)ad from iSwry to Sudbury thro* i^/^-/- 

j^r</, leave Melford-HdW and the Sr/ry Road on the Right ; 

*nd at 3m. 3,f. is yWf^/v/ Black-Lion, turn on the Left;. 

it 4 m, the Right thro' Stansf eld and IVickham-Bxook, to- 

Nnvmarkei j 

Cross Roads. 29^ 

Newmarket ; at 4 m. 6 f. is Glemsf or d-Brldge ; at 5 m. 
1 f. the Right to Ghmsford j leave Pentlow Church ia 
.£^;<- about 2f. on the Left; at 6ni. 7 f. the Left to 
Foxearth ; a little farther crofs a Brook at the End of 
CavendiJh'Jireett where the Right to Glemsford\ at 7 m. 

I f. is Cavend'ijh Church clofe on the Right, where the 
Right to Pojlingford, leave a Wind-mill clofe on the Left ; 
a little farther crofs a Brook at the Entrance of Clare^ 
where the Right to Chilton^ leave the Ruins of the Caftle 
on the Left j at 9 m. 5 f. is Clare Half-A'Ioon Inn j thro' 
Clare-Jireet avoid the Left thro' Brantree to London ; at 

I I m. 2 f. the Right to Hundony turn on the Left ; at 
12 m. if. is ^toke Church clofe on the Left, where the 
Left goes over the ^tour into Efjex, leave the Priory on the 
Left; at 13m. if. the Right thro' Kedington to New- 
market, turn to the Left over the Stour into EJ/ex ; at 13m. 
3 f. is Bathan Inn clofe on the Left, where the forward 
Road to Colchejier ; turn on the Right, leave JVInxoi 
Church about 3 f. on the fame Hand ; at 14 m. if. the 
Right to Wb'ixoe Mill, turn on the Left ; at 14 m. 3 f. 
the forward Road to Bumjied, turn on the Right j at 
14 m. 5f. is /;^y6^//^r-Bridge ; at 14 m. 7 f . the Right 
to PVhlxoe-y at 15 m. 4 f, is iS/^rwrr Village, where the 
Right to Kedington, the Left to Bumjled; at 16 m. 3f. 
re-enter iSw^//^ at i/<3'Wfr/;i// Bounds ; at 16 m. 5f. the 
Right to Kedington I and at 17m. '^^i. is Haverhill 

"i torn Sudbury to Stratford Svfzn. 
At the Ea^-End of the Town avoid th€ engraved Road 
tolp/ivich-y at 4f. the Ldt to Chilton -, at 7 f. is Great 
Comard Church clofe on the Left ; at i m. i f. the Right 
to Cornard-MiW, the Left to Cornard-Jireet ; at i m. 5f* 
the Right to Amey Mill, the Left to Cornard-Jireet i 
at 2 m. the Left to Little Cornard; paffing along and a- 
voiding feveral Turnings to the Left, keep the Road 
turning to the Right > at 5m. if. \^ Bures^Jireet ; and 


294 Cross Roads. 

at5m. 3f. is the Church clofe on the Right j here the 
Right to Colchejier j at 5 m. 5 f. is the Pound clofe on 
the Right \ at 6 m. 4 f. pafs over a Brook ; at 7 m. 5 f. 
the Left to Newton, turn on the Right ; at 8 m. i f. the 
forward Road to Ajfmgton, turn on the Right, leave V/if- 
/<?« Church 2f. on the Right; at 8m. 6f, turn on the 
Left ; at 8 m. 7 f. the Left to A^tngton ; at 9 m. 6 f , 
enter Nayland-Jireet ; at 1 m. Nayland Crofs -ftreet, the 
Righft to Colchejier^ the Left thro' Stoke to Lavenham ; at 
II m. is 5/o/r-Park, crofs a Brook, and leave 5f^>^^ 
Church on the Left, and Sir William Rotvlefs Seat on the 
Right ; at 1 1 m. 6 f. is Stoke Village, v/here the forward 
Road to Hadle'igh, the Left thro' JJfington and Newton to 
Sudbury, turn on the Right ; leave the Park on the Right ; 
at 13 m. if. the Right to Boxted, the Left to Hadleigh ; 
pafs thro' 7l'/r/^^«-y?r-?£'^ over a Brook ; at 13 m. 7f. the 
Right to Langham j at 14 m. 5 f. is H'lgham Bridge ; at 
14 m. 7 f. the Left to Hadleigh, the forward Road to Ipf- 
tvich, turn on the Right paft the Church ; at 15 m. 4 f. 
the Left to Holton, the forward Road to Ipjzvich, turn on 
the Right ; and at 16 m. if. is Stratford Swan-Inn. 

m. f. 
From Sudbury to Bures, is 53 

From Bures to Nayland ^ 5* *^^ 

From Nayland to Stratford Swan 6 oi ' 

16 I 
Crofs-Road from Lavenham to Bildejion. 
From the Swan-Inn turn on the Left at the Corner of 
the Houfe ; at the End of the Street the forward Road to 
Kettlebarjlony turn on the Right ; at 7 f. crofs Brent Ely 
firft Bridge ; and at 1 m. 3 f . crofs the fecond ; at 2 m. 
the Right to Little IValdingfield, turn on the Left, pafling 
by the Church and Hall on the Left ; at 2 m. avoid the 
forward Road to Preflon, turn on the Right thro' Brent- 
Ely VWUgG-^ at 2ra. 3f. the forward Road to i/;7^^. 

Cross Roads. 295 

turn on the Left over the River ; at 3 m. 3f. the Right 
to Milden, the Left to Kettlebarjion j at 3 m. 7 f. Monk's- 
£/y Church, the Left iq Kettlebarjion -^ at 4 m. 2f. the 
Right turns over the Bridge to Hadleigh and Ipfwich, be- 
ing the common Road from Lavenbam thither, but keep 
the forward Road ; at 4 m. 6 f. the Left to Kettlebarjion ; 
at 4 m. 7 f. Cheljworth Church a little on the Right ; at 
5 m. the Right to Seamere ; a little farther the Left to BU- 
dejion C\\uxc\\ ; at 5 m. if. the Right to Nedgin^; at 
5 m. 7 f. enter the Road from Bildejion to Hadleigh^ turn 
on the Left j and at 6m. \\i/\% Bilde[ion-Q,xQ{%. 

Crofs-Road from Newmarket to Sudbury. 
From the Greyhound-Inn pafs in the Bury Road ; at 
il f. leave it, and take the Right-hand Way over Cham- 
pain Plains, avoiding divers Turnings to the Right and 
Left, leave Cheevely Church about a Mile on the Right ; 
at 3 m. 5f. are the Ruins of a Chapel on the Right ; at 
4 m. 4f. are the Ruins oi Silvery Church, a little on the 
Left ; at 6 m. 3 f. crofs a Brook ; at 6 m. 4 f. is Lldgate 
Church, a little on the Left ; pafling thro' Z/r/^^/^ Vil- 
lage at 10 m. \s TFickham- Brook Church, clofe on the 
Right ; at lom. 4 f . the Right to StraddiJ})ally the Left 
thro' Depden to Bury ; at 12 m. 7 f . is Stansjield Qhuxch. 
clofe on the Right, crofs a Brook; at 13m. i f. the Bury 
Road turns on the Right to Clare^ avoid divers Turnings 
to Right and Left ; at 17 m. 7 f, is Glemsford Chxixch clofe 
on the Right ; at 18 m. 4 f . the Left to Bury, leave Stan- 
7? W Church 4f. on the Left ; at 20 m. 3 f. enter the 
Road from Sudbury to Clare ; at 21 m. is Melford Black- 
Lion Inn ; pafs thro' Melford Jireet in the Road from Sud- 
bury to Clare before-mentioned j and at 24 m. 3^ f. is 
Sudbury Markct-Crofs. 

Crofs-Road from Thetford to Brandon, and from thence 
to MildenhalL 
At I f. avoid the Road to Bury and turn on the Right, 
Sftd leaving the R,uins of the Friers Preachers Houfe on 


296 Cross Roads. 

the Right, enter in at a Gate ; at i m. the forward Road 
to Laketjheathy the Right to Downham, take the middle 
Way dire£lly for the Warrener's Lodge ; at 2 m. is the 
Lodge clofe on the Right j at 2 m. 7 f. is another Lodge 
clofe on the Right ; at 5 m. 7 f. is Brandon Maid's-Head 
Inn, where the Left to Mildenhall^ the Right to Downham, 
Leave Brandon Church 6f. on the Right j at 4 m. 5 f. the 
Left to Bury^ the Right to Lakcnheath^ leave Erefwell 
Church about a Mile on the Right ; at 8 m. 3 f. the Left 
Acute backward toThetford-y at 8 m. 4f. the Road comes 
in on the Left ixom Bury ; and at 9m. is Mildenhall 

Crofs-Road from Thetford to Ga/lrop-Gzte. 
From the Bridge take the firft: Right-hand Way, at the 
Eafl-end of the Town j at 5 f. crofs over Melford-Bn6ge^ 
avoiding the Left to Shadwell-hodgty and the Right to 
Eujion^ take the middle Road j leave a Shepherd's Lodge 
half a Mile on the Right, going diredly for RuJJjford ; at 
3 m. 5 f . is Ru/})ford Church on the Right, the Left to 
Shadvuell ; at 3 m. 6 f. re-enter Suffolk at Ru/Jjfojd-Bridge, 
leave the Red-Houfe clofe on the Left, pafs over Cham- 
pain Lands, having the Little Oufe on the Left ; at 6 m. 
6 f. is a Pound, here the Right goes from GaJlrop-Gzx.Q 
to Bury ; turn on the Left over the Ofife into Norfolk ; 
and at 7 m. i ^ f. is Gajirop Gate Inn. 

F I N I S, 

r 297 ] 

BY the Affiflance of Mr. Bacons MS. and the Great 
Court Books of this Borough, we are enabled to carry the 
Lift of the Reprefentatives oi' Ipfipkh almoft one hundred 
Years higher than that in lVtUh''s Nat. Pari. goes. Mr. Bacon 
remarks, that Jolin Smith and Wm. Ridout in 25 Hen. VI. 
were the Firft Burgefles fent by this Borough to Pariiament. 
This further fhews how much the Town was favoured by 
that King. For his Charter [which fee p. 54J was granted 
in the 24th Year of his Reign, and in the following Year, the 
Borough was permitted to fend Members to Parliament. 

Members of Parliament for IP SWICH. 

Kings Reigns. 

25 Hen. 6. 

26 Hen. 6. 

27 Hen. 6. 

28 Hen. 6. 

29 Hen. 6. 
3 I Hen. 6. 

33 Hen. 6. 
38 Hen. 6. 

» Edward 4. 
2 Edv/ard 4. 

3 Edward 4. 

4 Edward 4. 
7 Edward 4. 

5 Edward 4. 

12 Edw. 4. 

17 Edw. 4. 

1 Edward 5 
I Ri(-'-ird 3 












Na?nes of the Members. 
John Smith and William Ridout, BurgefTeS 

John Smith and William Wethereld, at Five 

Marcs each. 
John Andrews and Richard Felaw. 
John Smith and Thomas Duncon. 
Gilbert Debenham and John Smith. 
John Smith and Edm. Winter ; the laft with- 
out Fee.— This, we think, was the iirft Bribe. 
Jn. Timperley & Gilb. Debenham, jun. Efq; 
William Worfop and John River, at 13d. per 

Day each. 
Richard Felaw and William Baldree. 
Wm. Worfop and John Lopham. — Worfop to 
have 2od. a Day at York ; at any nearer 
Place i6d. and at London izd. — Lophajn 
I 2 d. a Day every where. 
John Lopham and Wm. Worfop. 
John Wallworth and Wm. Ridout. 
John VVymondham and James Hobart. 
John Timperley, junior, and John Alfray of 
Hendley. — Timperley at 8d. per Day; Al- 
fray ferveth in Confideration of his Admif- 
fion to be a Free Bur6;efs. 
Wm. Worfop and John Wallworth. — Worfop 
at 5 s. per Week, and if the Parliament 
be adjourned to have i s. per Day; Wall- 
worth 3 s. 4d. per Week. 
James Hobart and John Timperley, at 26 s. 

and 8d. each, or 2 Marc^. 
John Timperley and Roaer Wentworth. 
Tho. Baldry and John Wallwoi-th. — Baldry 
at 2s. per Day; Wallworth at i s. 


Kings Reigns. 
1 Richard 3. 

I Henry 7. 
3 Henry 7. 

7 Henry 7. 

I I Henry 8. 

J 2 Henry 7 
19 Henry 7. 

I Henry 8. 

3 Henry 8. 
6 Henry 8. 
14 Henry i 

21 Henry 8 
31 Henry 8 
33 Henry 8 
1 Edward 6 
7 Edward 6 
1 Mary. 








1 Ph. & M. 
2&3 Ph.&M 
4&5 Ph.&M, 

I Elizabeth. 
5 Elizabeth. 

14 Eliz. 

27 Eliz. 

28 Eliz. 

31 Eliz. 
35 Eliz. 












for Ipswich. 

Names of the Members. 
Benet Caldwell and Thomas Baldry. 
Tho. Samfon and William Wimbell. 
Tho. Failolf and John V/allworth, at 1 2 d. 

per Day each. 
John Yaxley & Tho. Baldry.— Their Wages 

to be at the Order of Great Court. 
John Faftolf and Ed. Booking; at il. 6s. 8d. 

each, if at Weftminfter ; if further off, to 

be order'd by Great Court. 
N. B. The Great Court ordered more to Faftolf , 

4 /. to Backing 3 /• 
Thomas Alvard and Richard Bailey. 
Thomas Baldry and Thomas Alvard. — To 

ferve without Wages, not otherwife. 
Wm. Spencer and Thomas Hall. — Spencer 

to have 40 s. 

N. B. He had 6 s. S d. more. 
Thomas Baldry and Edmund Daundy. 
The fame. 
Hump. Wingficld and Tho. Rufh ; and they 

came into Court, and took their Oaths of 

Tho. Rufh and Tho. Haward. 
William Sabyn and Edmund Daundy. 
Ralfe Gooding and John Sparrow. 
John Gofnold and John Smith, alias Dyer. 
John Smith, alias Dyer, and Richard Bird. 
John Gofnold, Efq; and John Sulyard, Efq; 
Clement Higham, Efq; Privy Counfellor, and 

Thomas Pooley, Efq; 
Ralfe Gooding and John Smith, alias Dyer. 
John Sulyard, Efq; and Richard Smart, Efq; 
Wm. Wheecroft and Philip Williams. —The 

faid Williams remitted to the Town half 

his Burgefs Fee. 
Tho. Seckford, jun. Efq; and Robert Bar- 
ker. — Barker had 31 1. 4s. 
Tho. Seckford, Efq; Mafter of Requefts, and 

Edward Grimefton, Efq; 
Edw. Grimellon, Efq; and John Moor, Gent. 
Tho. Seckford, jun. Efq; eSc Edward Grime- 
fton, Efq; 
Sir John Higham and John Barker, Efq; — 

Provided Sir John Higham fliall take the 

Free-Man's Oath. 
John Lany, Efq; Recorder, and John Barker, 

John Barker, Efq; and Wm. Smart, Gent. 
I'Rob. Barker & Zac. Lock, Efq;— Lock 5 1. 

Kings Reigns. 
39 Eliz. 
43 Eliz. 
i James. 
12 James. 

i8 James. 

21 James. 
1 Charles i. 
dit. 2d Pari. 
3 Cliarles. 
,15 Charles. 

[6 Charles. 

Members for Ipswich. 


13 Cha. 2. 
25 Cha. 2. 

2 Wm. & M. 
7 William 3 
9 William 3. 
12 Wm. 3. 

I 3 Wm. 3. 
1 Ann. 

3 Ann. 












Names of the Members. 
Michael Stanhope and Francis Bacon, Efq; 
The fame. 

Sir Henry Glemham, Sir Francis Bacon. 
Sir Francis Bacon, Robert Snelling ; and af- 
terwards Wm. Cage in the Place of Sir 
Francis, who was elefted by the Univerfity 
of Cambridge. 
Robert Snelling, Wm. Cage, Gent. — Snel- 
ling 50 1. Cage 50 1. 
Robert Snelling, William Cage, Efq; 
The fame. 

Robert Snelling, Sir William Younge. 
Wm. Cage, Efq; Edmund Day, Gent. 
William Cage, John Gurdon, Efq; of Great 
Wenham. — John Gurdon had 104 Votes, 
Edmund Day had 95. 
John Gurdon, Wm. Cage, Efq; and in the 
Place of Cage, deceafed, Fra. Bacon, Efq< 
N. B. 18 Car. I, Cage had lool. and Dec ^y 
1643, John Gurdon had 100/. and Cage ^oU 
more, befides the 1 00 /. formerly granted. 
Nathaniel Bacon and Francis Bacon, Efqrs. 
The fame. 
The fame. 

Sir Frederick CornwalHs in the Place of Na- 
thaniel Bacon, deceafed, 
John Sicklemore, William Bloyfe, Efqrs. and 

John Wright in the room of Sicklemore. 
Gilbert Linfield, John Wright. 
John Wright, Gilbert Linfield. — 60I. was or- 

der'd for Mr. Wright, 2p 1. for Linfield. 
The fame. 

John Wright, Sir John Barker, Bart. 
Sir John Backer, Peyton Ventrifs ; and in the 
Place of Ventrifs (made a Judge) Sir Cha. 
Sir John Barker, Sir Charles Bloife. 
Sir John Barker, Charles Whitaker. 
Samuel Barnardifton, Richard Phillips. 
Jofeph Martin, Efq; Sir Charles Duncomb. 
Charles Whitaker, Richard Phillips. 
Charles Whitaker, John Bence. 
Henry Pooley, John Bence ; and in the Place 

of Pooley, Wm. Churchill, Efq; 
John Bence, William Churchill. . 
Wm. Churchill, Sir Wm. Barker. 
The fame. 
Wm. Churchill, Wm. Thompfcn, 


J^fKgs ReigfiJ. 

Members for Ipswich. 





Names of the Memhers. 
Sir Wm. Thompfon, Francis Negiis. 
In the Place Sir Wm. made a Judge, P.Srok*. 
In the Place of Negus, dead, Wm. Wollafton. 
Wm. Wollafton, Samuel Kent. 
Samuel Kent, Edward Vernon. 
The fame. 
The fame. — In the Place of Vernon, Thomas 

Staunton; — In the Place of Kent, Geo. 

Tho. Staunton, Francis Vernon, (afterwards 
, Lord Orwell.) 


Knights of the Shire in Parliament 

For the County ^Suffolk. 

Kings Reigns. 
33 Henry 8. 
I Edw. 6. 
7 Edw. 6. 
1 Mary. 

1 Ph. & M. 
4&5 P.diM. 
■j EHz. 
5 Eliz. 

13 Eliz. 

14 Eliz. 
27 Eliz. 
i8 Eliz. 
31 Eliz. 
35 Eliz. 
.39 Eliz. 
43 Eliz. 
J James. 

J 2 fames. 
J 8 James. 
21 James. 
I Charles, 
dit. 2d Pari 
9 Charles, 
1 5 Charles, 
1 6 Charles. 
5 J"V- 





Names of the Members. 
Sir Arthur Hopton. 

Sir Ant. Wingfield, Sir Tho. "N^entworth, 
Sir Wm. Drury, Sir Tho. Bedingfield, 
Sir Wm. Drury, Sir Henry Jerningham. 
Sir Tho. Jerningham, Sir Wm. Drury. 
Henry Jernegan, Sir Wm. Drury. 
Henry Jernegan, Sir Wm. Drury. 
SirT. Cornwallis, W,Cordell, Efq; Speaker, 
Robert Wingfield, Wm. Walgrave. 
Wm. Walgrave, Sir Robert Wingfield. 
Sir Owen Hopton, Tho. Seckford. 
Nicholas Bacon, Efq; Sir Rob. Wingfield. 
Sir Wm. Drury, Sir Robert Jermyn. 
Sir Robert Jermyn, Sir John Higham. 
Anthony Wingfield, Arthur Hopton, Efqrs. 
Edward Bacon, Sir Clement Heigham. 
Sir Wm. Walgrave, Hemy Warner, Efq; 
Sir Henry Glemham, Calthrop Parker. 
Sir John Higham, Sir Robert Drury. 
Sir Henry Bedingfield, Sir Robert Drury. 
Sir Robert Crane, Tho, Clinch, Efq; 
Sir Wm. Spring, Sir Roger North. 
Sir Edmund Bacon, Bart. Tho. Corn\^allisii 
Sir Robert Naunton, Sir Robert Crane. 
Sir Wm. Spring, Nat. Barnar4ifton, Efq; 
Sir Nat. Barnardifton, Sir Phil. Parker, Knt. 
Sir Nat. Barnardifton, Sir Philip Parker. 
Jacob Caley, Francis Brewfter, Robert 

Dunken, John Clark, and Edward 


Knights of the Shire for Suffolk. 301 

King! Reigns. 





frames of the Members, 
Tho. Barnardifton, Sir Wm. Spring-, Bart. 
Sir Tho. Bedingfield, Knt. Wm. Bloyfe, Efqj 
John Gurdon, Efq; Wm. Gibbs, Efq; 
John Brandling, Efq; Alex. Bence, Efq; 
John Sicklemore, Efq; Tho. Bacon, Efq; 
Sir Henry Felton,Knt. Sir Tho. Barnardifton.- 
Henry North, Edmund Harvey. 
Edward Wyneive, John Sicklemore. 
Wm. Bloys, Wm. Gibbs. 
Robert Brevvfter, and Daniel Wale, Efqrs. 
658-9 Sir Hen. Felton, Sir Tho. Barnardifton, Knt. 

1660 Sir Hen. Felton of Playford, Sir Henry North 
of Mildenhall, Bart's. 

1661 SirHen.Fekon, SirHen.North: And SirSam, 
Barnardifton, in the room of SirH.N )rth. 

678 Sir Gervafe Ehves, Sir Sam. Barnardifton. 
1679 Sir Wm. Spring, SirSam. Barnardifton. 
1 68 1 The fame. 

1685 Sir Robert Brook, Sir Henry North. . 
1688 Sir John Cordel, Sir John Rous. 
1690 Sir Gervafe Elvves, Sir Sam. Barnardifton. 
1695 The fame. 

1698 SirSam Barnardifton, Sir Lionel Talmach, 
Earl of Dyfertin Sc tland. 

1700 Earl ofDyfart,' Sir Sam. Barnardifton. 

1701 The fame. 

1702 Earl ofDyfart, Sir Dudley Cullum. 
I 705 Earl ofDyfart, Sir Rob. Davers. 

1707 Sir Rob. Davers, Henry Martin in the room 

of the Earl of Dyfart, a Peer of Gr. Brit. 

1 708 Sir Tho. Hanmer, Sir Rob. Da,Yers. 
1 7 10 The fame. 

1 7 ' 3 The fame. 

«7H Sir Tho Hanmer, Speaker, Sir Rob. Davers. 

1722 Sir Tho. Hanmer, Sir Rob. Davers, and Sir 

Wm Barker in room of Davers, dead. 
1727 Sir Wm. Barker, Sir Jermyn Davers, and Sir 

Rob. Kemp in the room of Sir Wm. dead. 
1 734 Sir R. Kemp, Sir J. Davers.— Sir C.Firebrace 

in the room of Kemp, dead. 
1740 Sir Jermyn Davers, Sir Cordel Firebrace. 
1747 Sir Cordel Firebrace, John Aflleck. 
• 754 ir Cordel Firebrace, John Affleck ; and In 

the room of Firebrace, Rowland Holt. 
1 76 1 Rowland Holt, Tho. Chafks Bunbury. 

[ 202 ] 

Members for D u n w i c h. 

Kings Reigns, 
33 Henry 8. 
I Edward 6. 
y Edward 6. 
1 Mary. 

I Ph. & M. 
4&5 P.&M. 
I Elizabeth. 
5 Elizabeth. 

13 Eliz. 

14 Eliz. 

27 Eliz. 

28 Eliz. 
31 Eliz. 
35 Eliz, 
39 Eliz. 
43 Eliz. 
I James. 
12 James. 
18 James. 
21 James. 
I Charles, 
ditto zdParl. 
3 Charles. 

15 Charles. 

16 Charles. 


^. D. Names of the Members. 

1542 Robert Brown, George Coppya. 

1547 Robert Coppyn, John Harrifon. 

1553 Francis Yaxley, Robert Copping. 

1553 Robert Coppyn, Nicholas Harborough. 

1554 Robert Jrowne, George Jerningham, Ef^rs. 

1554 Robert Browne. 

1555 George Saxmundham, Andrew Greave. 
1557 Tho. Peyton, Gent. John Browne, Gent. 
'559 John Mul wick, John Browne. 

1563 Robert Hare, Efq; Robert Coppyn, Gent. 

157 1 Wm. Humberfton, Arthur Hopton. 

1572 Robert Coppyn, Richard Lane. 

1585 Walter Dunch, Efq; Anth. Wingfield, Efq; 

1 5 86 Anthony Wingfield,Efq; Arthur Miller,Gent. 

1588 Edward Honnings, Walter Dunch, Efqrs. 

1592 Henry Sa\'ill, Thomas Corbett, Efqrs. 

1597 Arthur Atyte, Clipfeus Gawdy, Efqrs. 

1 60 1 John Suckling, Francis Mingay, Efqrs. 

1603 Valent. Knightley, Philip Gawdy, Efqrs. 

1614 Sir Robert Yaxley, Edmund Doubleday. 

1620 Clement Coke, Thomas Bedingfield. 

1623 Sir John Roufe, Sir Robert Brooke. 
1625 ' Sir Robert Roufe, Sir Robert Broke. 

■ Sir Roufe, Thomas Bedingfield, Efq; 

1628 Sir Robert Broke, Francis Winterton, Gent. 

1640 Henry Coke, Anthony Bedingfield, Efqrs. 

1 640 Henry Cooke, Efq; Anthony Bedingfield, and 

I in his Place Robert Brewfter, Efq; 

1654 Robert Brewfter of Wrentham, Efq; 

1656 Francis Brewfter, Efq; 

1658-9 Robert Brewfter, John Barrington, Efqrs. 

1660 John Rous, Henry Bedingfield. 

1 661 Sir John Rous, Richard Cook; and in their 

room Sir John Pettus, William Wood. 

1678 Sir Philip Skippon, Thomas Allen. 

1 679 Sir Robert Kemp, Sir Philip Skippon. 
1 68 1 The fame. 

1685 Roger North, Thomas Knivet. 

1688 Sir Philip Skippon, Sir Robert Rich. 

1690 Sir Robert Rich, Sir Philip Skippon ; & John 

Bence in the room of Sir Philip dead. 

1695 Sir Robert Rich, Henr}- He^-eningham. 

i6g8 The fame, and Sir Charles Blois in the room 

of Sir Robert Rich, dead. 

1 700 Sir Charles Blois, Robert Kemp. 

1701 The fame. 

livings Rfigns. 
















Members for Dunwich. 303 

Names of the Members. 

Sir Charles Blois, Robert Kemp. 

Sir Charles Blois, John Rous. 

Sir Richard Allen, Daniel Harvey. 

Sir Geo. Downing, Rd. Richardfon, Serjeant 
at Law. 

Sir Robert Kemp, Sir George Downing. 

Sir Robert Rich, Charles Long. 

Sir George Downing, Edw. Vernon, wav'd ; 
Sir John Ward in his room, and Jn. Sam- 
brook in the room of Sir John, dead. 

Sir George Downing, Thomas Windham. 

Sir Geo. Downing, Sir Orlando Bridgman. 

Sir Geo. Dovvning, Jacob Garrard Downing. 

Sir Geo. Downing, Miles Barnes. 

Sir Jac. Gar. Downing, Alex. Forrefter. 

Henry Fox, Sir Jac. Garard Downing. — In 
the Place of Fox, now Lord Holland, Eliab 

Members of Parliament for the Borough of Orford: 

Names of the Members. 
John Cook, Elq; 
John Hare, Thomas Godfalve. 
William Honing, Henry Cornwallis, Efqrs» 
George Jcrningham, Thomas Hervey. 
Thomas Seckford. 
Thomas Seckford, Thomas Spicer. 
Francis Stone, Tiiomas Seckford, Efijrs. 
Thomas Seckford, William Yaxley. 
Laurence Meres, William Yaxley, Efqrs. 
Anthony Wingfield, Anthony Rulhe, Efqrs. 
The fame. 

Henry Wingfield, Efq; John Cutting, Gent. 
Rich. Wingfield, Efq; Wm. Downing, Gent. 
Rich. Wingfield, Efq; Geo. Chilting, Gent. 
Edw. Grimfton, fen. John North, Efqrs. 
Thomas Rivet, William Forth. 
Sir John Tov/nfend, Sir Richard Knightley. 
Sir Michael Stanhope, Sir W. Cornwallis. 
Sir Wm. Cornwallis, Sir Robert Gardiner. 
Sir Lionel Talmache, Sir Robert Townfend. 
Sir Robert Hitcham, William Glover, Efq; 
Sir Robert Hitcham, Sir Wm. Whitepole. 
Sir Robert Hitcham, Charles Croft, Efq; 
Sir Cha. Le Grofs, Sir Lion.Talmache, Bart. 
Sir Charles Le Grofs, Edward Duke, Efq; 
Sir W. Playters,Bart. SirCh, Le Grofs, Knt. 

Kh/gs Reigns. 


33 Henry 8. 


1 Edward 6. 


7 Edward 6. 


I Mary. 


1 Ph &"M. 


2 & 3 P.&M. 


4 & 5 P.&M. 


1 Elizabeth. 


5 Elizabeth. 






27 Eliz. 


z8 Eliz. 


31 Eliz. 


35 E^jz. 


39 Eliz. 


43 Eliz. 


I James. 


1 2 James. 


18 James. 


21 James, 


1 Charles. 


ditto 2d Pari. 

3 Charles. 


15 Charles. 


16 Charles. 



Ki'igs Reigns. 

Members for O r j^ o r d. 














■ »747 

Names of the Mejuhefs. 
Thomas Edgar, Efq; Jeremy C pping, Gent. 
Walter Devcrcux, Slj- Alan Broderick. 
The fame. 

Lionel Lord Huntingtower, Sir Jn.Duke, Et. 
Sir John Duke, Henry Parker. 
Sir John Duke, Thomas Glemham. 
Lionel Lord Huntingtower, The. Glemham. 
Sir John Duke, Thomas Glemham. 
Thomas Glemham, Thomas Felton. 
Sir Adam Felton, Bart Sir John Duke, Bart. 
Sir T. Felton in the room of Sir Adam, dead. 
Sir Edm. Bacon, Bart. Sir John Duko, Bart. 
Sir Edmund Bacon, Sir Edward Turner. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 

Clement Corrance, William Thompfon, 
Sir Edward Turner, Clement Corrance. 
The fame. 
The fame. 

Dudley North, William Afton. 
Price Devereux, v/av'd ; Dudley North, dead, 

William Afton, Robert Kemp. 
Richard Povvis, Lewis Barlow 
Lord Glenorchy, Henry Bilfon Legge. 
Henry Bilfon Legge, John Walgrave. 
[Henry Bilfon Lcc^ge, John Ofiley. 
'John Offley, Thomas Worfley. 

Members for the Borough o/'Sudbltry. 

(The Borough of 

Kings Reigns. 


1 Elizabeth. 


5 Elizabeth. 


I 3 Eliz. 




27 Eliz. 


eg Eliz. 


31 Eliz. 


35 Eliz. 


39 Eliz. 


43 Ehz. 


1 James. 


Sudbury did not fend Members to 
rliament before i Eliz.) 

Names of the Members. 
Clement Throgniorton, Hen.Fortefcue,Efqrs. 
John Hcigham, Thomas Andrews, Efq; 
John Hunt, Gent. John Gurdon. 
Richard Eden, Gent. Martin Cole, Gen. 
Edward Walgravr, Henry Blaggc, ICfqrs. 
Thomas Eden, Thomas Jermyn, Efqrs. 
Henry Blagge, Efq; Geffiy Rufham, Gent. 
William Fortefcuc, Dudley Fortefcue, Efqrs. 
William Walgrave, Efq; John Clapham. 
Philip Gawdy, Edward Glaffcock, Efqrs. 
Sir Thomas Beckingham, Henry Eden. 

Members for Sudbury. 

kings Reigns. 
I 2 Jaraes. 
18 James. 
21 James. 
i Charles, 
dit. 2d Pari. 
3 Charles. 

15 Charles. 

16 Charles. 



Names of the Members, 
Charles Cibborne, William Towfe. 
Edward Ofborne, Brampton Gurdon, Efqj 
Sir Robert Crane, Sir William Pooley. 
Sir Robert Crane, Sir Nath. Barnardifton. 
Sir Nath. Barnardifton, Tho. Smith, Gent. 

1628 Sir Rob. Crane, Bart. Sir Wm- Pooley, Knt. 

1640 Sir Rob. Crane, Bart. Richard Pepys, Efq; 

1640 Sir Simmons D'Ewes, Bart. Sir Rob. Crane. 

1654 John Fothcrgill, Efq; 

1656 John Fothergill, Efq; 

1658-9 Samuel Hafel, John Fothergill, Efqrs. 

1660 John Gurdon, Jofeph Proud. 

1661 Sir Robert Cordel, Sir Gervafe Elwes, Barts- 

1678 Sir Robert Cordel, Bart. Gervafe Elwes. 

1679 Sir Gervafe Elwes, Bart. Gervafe Elwes. 
1 68 1 The fame. 

1685 Sir John Cordel, Bart. Sir Geo. Weneive,Knt. 

i688 Sir John Polev, Knt. Philip Gurdon. 

1690 Philip Gurdon, John Robinfon. — Sir Tho. 

Barnardifton in the room of Gurdon, dead. 
1 69 5 Sir T. Barnardifton, Bt. Sir J. Robinfon, Knt. 
1698 Sir Tho. Barnardifton, Sam. Kekewich, both 

dead. — John Gurdon, Sir Gervafe Elwes. 

1700 Sir Gervafe Elwes, Sir John Cordel. 

1 70 1 Sir Gervafe Elwes, George Daftiwood. 

1702 Sir Gerv. Elwes, Philip Skippon.— Sir Har- 

vey Elwes in the room of Sir Gervafe,dcad. 
1705 Sir Harvey Elwes, Philip Skippon. 

1707 The fame. 

1708 Philip Skippon, Sir Harvey Elwes. 
1710 John Mead, Robert Echlin. 

1713 Sir Harvey Elwes, Robert Echlin. 

1 7 14 Sir HaiTey Elwes, Thomas Wefton. 
1722 John Knight, William Windham. 

1727 John Knight, Carteret Leathes ; and in the 
room of Knight, dead, Richard Jackfon. 
1734 Richard Price, Edward Stephenfon. 
1740 Carteret Leathes, Thomas Fonnereau. 
1747 Thomas Fonnereau, Richard Rigby. 
1754 Thomas Fonnereau, Thomas Walpole. 
1761 J Tho. Fonnereau, John Henni.ker, 


[ 3^6] 

Members for the Borough of Aldborough. 

(Aldborough did not fend Members to Parliament before 
1 3 Queen Elizabeth. 

Kings Reigns. 

A.D. 1 

1 3 Eliz. 

1571 i 

14 Eliz. 

»572 1 

27 Eliz. 


28 Eliz. 


31 Eliz. 


35 Eliz. 


39 Eliz. 


43 Eliz. 

1 60 1 

1 James. 


12 James. 


18 James. 


21 James. 


1 Charles. 


ditto zdParl. 

3 Charles. 


15 Charles, 


16 Charles. 















1 701 










Names of the Members. 
Roger Woodhoufe, Tho. Highford, Efqrs. 
Francis Beaumond, Charles Seckford. 
Peter Ofborne, John Fox, Merchant. 
Peter Olborne, Edmund Bell, Efqrs. 
Edward Cook, Efq; William Bence. 
Thomas Knevet, William Bence. 
Francis Haton, Francis Johnfon. 
Martin Statevill, Francis Corbet, Efqrs. 
Sir William Woodhoufe, Thomas Revet,Efq; 
Sir Henry Glemham, Sir John Samms. 
Sir Henry Glemham, Charles Glemham,Efq; 
Nich. Ryvet, Efq; John Bence, Gent. 
Sir Tho. Glemham, Charles Glemham, Efq; 
Sir Tho. Glemham,- Wm. Mafon, Efq; 
Sir Simeon Steward, Knt. Marm. Rawden. 
Wm. Rainborough, Efq; Squire Bence. 
Squire Bence, Efq; Alex. Bence, Efq; 
Laur. Oxburgh, Efq; John Bence, Merchant. 
Robert Brooke, Thomas Bacon. 
The fame. 

John Holland Bar, John Bence. 
Sir Richard Haddock, Knt. Henry Johnfon. 
John Bence, John Corrance. 
John Bence, John Corrance. 
Henry Bedingtield, King's Serjeant, Jn.Bence^ 
Sir Henry Johnfon, William Johnfon. 
Sir Henry Johnfon, Wm. Johnfon. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame, both dead. — In their room Sam. 

Lowe, Walter Plummer. 
Samuel Lowe, Walter Plummer. 
Wm. Wyndham, Sam. Lowe, both dead.— In 

their room Six Jn. Williams, Geo. Purvis. 

Members for Aldborough. 307 

Kings Reigns 



Names of the Members. 
William Conolly* George Purvis. 
William Conoliy, Richard Piummer. 
Wm. Wyndham Afhe, Zach. Phil. Fonnereau. 
Wm. Wyndham A Ihe, 2ach, Phil. Fonnereau. 
Zach. Philip Fonnereau, Philip Fonnereau. 

Members for the Borough of E y e, 

(Eye did not fend Members to Parliament before 1,3 Q^ Eliz.) 

Ki^gs Reigns, 

13 Eliz. 

14 Eliz. 

27 Eliz. 

28 Eliz. 
31 Eliz. 
35 Eliz. 
39 Eliz. 
43 Eliz. 
1 James. 
12 James. 
18 James. 
21 James. 
I Charles, 
dit. 2d Pari. 
3 Charles. 

I 5 Charles. 
16. Charles. 













Names of the Members. 
Richard Beddal, Charles Cutber., Efc[rs. 
Charles Calthorpe, Charles Cutber. 

' Bafingborne, George Broke, Efqrs. 

Bartholomew Kemp, Tho. Bedingfield, Efqrs. 
Edward Grimlton, Edmund Bacon, Efqrs. 
Edward Honing, Philip Gawdy, Efqrs. 
Anthony Gawdy, John Honing, Efqrs. 
Edward Hunnings, Ant. Gawdy, Efqrs. 
Edward Honing, Efq; Sir Henry Bockenham. 
Sir John Crompton, Sir Willjam Croft. 
Sir Roger North, Sir John Croijipton. 
Sir Henry Crofts, Francis Finch, Efq; 
Sir Roger North, Francis Finch, Efq; 
Sir Roger North, Francis North, Efq; 

Sir Roger North, Francis Finch, Efq; 

Sir Fred. Cornwallis, Bart. Sir Roger North. 

Sir Fred Cornwallis, Bart. I^ir.Rcger North, 
and in his Place Morris Barrow. 

Edward Dendy, Jofeph Bliffpt,' Efqrs. 

Charles Cornwallis, George R,eeve. 

Charles Cornwallis, George Rpeve, 

Sir Robert Reeve, Knt. only. 

Sir Charles Gawdy, Sir Robert Reeve, Bart. 

Sir Charles Gaudy, Sir Rober^ Reeve, Cha, 
Fox, Geo. Walch. ; 

Sir Charles Gaudy, Sir Rol^ei^ Reeve. 

Sir Charles Gaudy, Sir John |lous. 

Thomas Knyvitt, Henry Foley. 

Henry Foley, Thomas Daven^int. 

Charles Cornwallis, Tho. Davenant.— Corn- 
wallis made a Peer, Sir Jof<|ph Jekyl. 

Spencer Compton, Sir Jof. Jekyll. 

The fame. 

The fame. 

The fame. 

y 2 


Kings Reigt, 

Members J or Eye. 

A. D. 







Names of the Member), 
The fame. 
The fame. 
The fame. 

Sir Jof. Jekyll, Thomas Maynard. 
Thomas Maynard, Edward Hopkins, 
Edw Hopkins, Tho. Smith. 
Edward Hopkins, James Cornwallis, 
Stephen Cornwallis, John Cornwallis. 
Stephen Cornwallis, John Cornwallis, 
Stephen Cornwallis, John Cornwallis. 
Edward Cornwallis, Roger Townlhend. 
Courthorpe Clayton, Nicholas Harding. 
Jolhua Lord Vifcount Allen, Richard Burton, 

^embers for the Borough of St. Edmond's Bury. 

(St. Edmond*s Bury did not fend Members to Parlia- 
ment before 12 James I, 

Names of the Members. 
Sir Thomas Jermyn, Robert Crane, 
Sir Thomas Jermyn, John Woodford. 
Sir Thomas Jermyn, Anthony Crofts, Ef(j; 
Sir Thomas Jermyn, Sir Wm. Spring. 
Sir Thomas Jermyn, Emanuel Giftbrd. 
Sir Thomas Jermyn, Sir William Hervey. 
Sir Thomas Jermyn, John Godbold. 
Thomas Jermyn, Efq; Sir W. Spring, and in 

his Place Sir Tho. Barnardifton. 
Samuel Moody, John Clark, Efqrs. 
Samuel Moody, John Clark, Efqrs. 
1658-9 John Clark, Tho. Chaplin, Efq; 
i66o Sir Henry Crofts, Sir John Duncombe. 

Sir Henry Pooley, Sir John Duncombe. — In 
the Place of Pooley, Sir John Duncombe j 
and of Sir John, Sir William Duncombe, 
Sir Thomas Hervey, Thomas Jermyn. 
Sir Thomas Hervey, Thomas Jermyn. 
Sir Thomas Hervey, Thomas Jermyn. 
Sir Thomas Hervey, William Crofts. 
Sir Rob. Davers, Bart. Sir Tho. Hervey, Knt. 
Sir Rob. Davers, Henry Goldwell.— In the 
I Placeof Goldwell, dead, John i^ervey, 
1695 Sir Robert Davers, John Hervey. 
1 698 Sir Robert Davers, John Hervey. 
1 700 Sir Robert Davers, John Hervey. 

Kings Reigns. 


12 James. 


1 8 James. 


a I James. 


I Charles. 


ditto 2d Pari. 

3 Charles. 


15 Charles. 


1 6 Charles. 








Kings Reigns. 

Members for St. Edmond's Bury. 309 


1 70 1 











Names of the Members. 
John Hervey, Sir Thomas Felton, Bart- 
John Hervey, Sir Tho. Felton.— In the room 

of Kervey, made a Peer, Sir Rob. Davers. 
Sir Tho. Felton, Sir Rob. Davers. — In room 

of Davers, who wav'd, Awberry Porter. 
Sir Thomas Felton, Awberry Porter. 
Awberry Porter, Sir Tho. Felton. — In room 

of Fekon, dead, Joieph Weld, Serjeant at 

Jofeph Weld, Awberry Porter. — In the room 

of Weld, dead, Samuel Batteley. 
Carr Haryey, Awberry Porter. 
Carr Hervey, Av/berry Porter.— In the room 

of Porter, dead, J. Reynolds, Serj. at Law. 
James Reynolds, Sir Jermyn Davers, Bart.— 

In the room of Reynolds, made a Judge, 

John Lord Hervey. 
John Lord Hervey, Thomas Norton. — In the 

room of Lord Hervey, become a Peer, Th, 

Tho. Hervey, Thomas Norton. 
Tho. Hervey, Thomas Norton, 
Lord Peteriham, Felton Hervey. 
Lord Peterlliam, Felton Hervey. 
Charles Fitzroy, William Hervey. 

[ 310 ] 

^he Valuation of the Parijhes in Suffolk. 


Afton All Saints, 

Akenham St. Mary, 

Aldborough St Peter and Paul, 

^Iderton St. Bartholomew, 

Aldham, ■ 

Aldringham St. Andrew, <■ 

All Saints, South Elmham, 

Alpheton, -■ — _— 

Ampton St. Peter, — 

Arwerton St. Andrew, 

Afhbocking All Saints, •• 


Alh, 'bv Campfev, St. Jn Bapt. 

Afhfield All Saints, — 

AOifield St. Mary, 

Afhfield in Blackbourn, ■ 


AiTington St. Edmund, ■ 
Athelington St. Peter, 


Baddineham, — 

King"! Books. 






lo 13 

14 5 o 

10 o 
4 '4 
19 12 

22 16 8 

Badlev St. Mary, 

Badwell Afh St. Mar>', — 

Bailham St. Peter, 


Barham St. Mary, « 

Barking St. Mary, 

Barnardifton All Saints, . 

Barnby, ■ 

Barnham St. Gregory, 
Barnham St. Martin, 
Barningham St. Andrew, • 


Barfham Holy Trinity, 
Barton Great, ■ 

Barton Little, 

Battisford St. Mary, 
Bawdfey St. Mary, — 

Bealings Great, St. Mary, 
Bealings Little, All Saints 
Becclcs St. Michael, 
Beddinj»field St. Mary, 
Bedlield St. Nicholas,' 

Falur certified, 
1. s. i. 

45 o o 
41 3 o 

615 o 

41 10 o 

29 12 8 

43 »7 Sf 

47 'o oj 
29 9 8 

13 o o 

39 o o 

! 10 

i 6 
; 21 

44 10 

39 1° II 

45 00 

43 4 8 

41 12 o 

32 16 10 

49 5 8 

48 10 4 


Valuation of the PariJJoes in Suffolk. 


Beighton, ■ — 

Belltead Little, St. Mary, ' 

Belton, All Saints, 

Benacre St. Michael, 

Benhall St. Mary, 

Eentley St. Mary, ■ 



Blakenham Great, St. Mary, 

Blakenham Little, St. Mary, 

Blaxhall St. Peter, 

Blundefton St. Mary, 

Blyborough Holy Trinity, 

Blyford All Saints, . 

Boulge St. Michael, 

Botefdale, — — — 

Boxford St. Mary, 

Boxted, (confolidated with Harteft) 

Boyton St. Andrew, ■ * 

Eradfield St. George, . 

Bradfield St. Clare, 


Bradley Great, • 

Bradley Little, ■■ — - 

Bradwell St. Nicholas, — 
Braiefworth, — — ■ 

Bramfield St. Andrew, 

Bramford St. Mary, — — 

Brampton St. Peter, > 

Brandilton All Saints, 

Brandon St. Peter and Paul, 

Brantham St. Michael, 

Bredfield St. Andrew, 

Brent-IUeigh St. Mary, 

Bretenham St. Mary, — — 

Bricet St. Mary, 

Bricet St. Laurence, ■ 

Brightwell St. John Baptilt, 


Brockley St. Andrew, ••■ 

Bromfwell St. Edmund, 

Broom St. Mary, 

Brundilh, ■ • 

Brufyard St. Peter, 

Bulchamp, — — ■ 

Buckleftiam St. Mary, 

Bungay Holy Trinity, — 

Kh/g's Books. Value 
1. s. d. L 

9 29 



1 1 

6 16 
10 3 
20 o 







. ■ 




























312 Valuation cf the PanfieS hi Suffolk. 


Bungay St. Mary, 

Burcs St. Mary, 

Burgate St. Mary, 
Burgh St. Botolph, 
Eurgh-Callle St. Peter, 

liutley St. John Baptift, - 

Buxhall St." Mary, 

Buxlow, ■ 


Capel St. Mary, 

Capel St. Andrew, . 
Carlton-Colvile St. Peter, - 

Carlton in Hoxne, 

Cavendifh St. Mary, 

Cavenham St. Andrew, — 

Charsfield St. Peter, 

Chatiifham St. Mary, 

Chedburgh, — '- 

Cheddirton St. Mary, 

Chelfworth All Saints, 
Clielinondifton St. Andrew, 

Chevingtnn, ~ 

Chelsford St. Michael, - 

Chilton by Stow, 

Clare St. Peter and Paul, — 

Claydon St. Peter, 

Clement, (St.) Ipfwich, — 

Clnpton St. Mary, 

Copdock St. Peter, 


Coddenham St. Mar)-, 


Cony-Wefton, — — 

Cooklcy St. Michael, — 

Cooling, or Coolige, 

Cornard St. Andrew, . 

Cornard All Saints, • 

Corton St. Bartholomew, — 

Cotton St. Andrew, 


Cransford St Peter, ' 

Cratfield St. Mary, 

Creeting St. Mary, 

Creeting St. Peter, ■ 

Creeting All Saints, 

King''s Books. 



















1 1 








































1 1 




Fa/ue certified. 
I. s. d. 
K O O 

30 O o 


24 7 8 

46 o o 

21 IZ 7 

46 2 8 












1 1 









Valuation of the Parifies in S uffolk. 3 1 3 

Parijljcs. .-. _ . 

Greeting St. Olave, — — 

Cretingham St. Andrew, — 

Crowiield, , , 

Culfbrd, — 

Culpho St. Botolph, — — 

Dagworth, • - — — . 

Dalham St. Mary, 

Dalinghoe St. Mary, 


Darlhani All Saints, • 

Debach All Saints, 

Debenham St. Mary, 

Denham, _ 

Denham St. John the Baptift, — 

Dennington St. Mary, 

Denfton, ■ 

Depden St. Mary, — 

Downham St. Mary, . 

Drinkefton, . 

Dunwich All Saints, .^ 

Dunningworth, ■ - 

Earl-Soham, - • - -_«. 

Eaft-Bergholt Chap. (See Brantham) 

Eafton-Bevint St. Nicholas, 

Eafton All Saints, . 

St. Edmondlbury St. Marj% — . 

St. Edmondlbury St. James, — — 
Edwardfton St. Mary, , 

Eike All Saints, . 


Elmfet St. Peter, — — . -. ... 


Elvedon St. Andrew, . 

Endgate St. Mary, . 

Erifwell St. Lawrence, — . 

Erwarton (See Arwarton) 

JEullon, . 

-Exning, . 

Eye St. Peter and Paul, < 

£yke, (5ee Eike) . ~ 

'Fakenham St. Pete'r, . 

-Fakenharti St. Andrew, ■ 

Falkenham St. Ethelbert, > 

Farnham St. Mary, 

Fell flow St. Peter and Paul, 


King's Books. 
I. s. d. 





















13 7 II 

11 711 

12 17 6 
7 6 8 

13 7 II 
II 14 7 

10 5 

711 o\ 
5 9 7 

Falue certified^ 
I. s. d. 


45 12 9 

39 " o 
41 2 o 

6 I 4 

45 10 ,8,- 

45 II 6 
15 o o 
29 12 6 


Gazely All Saints, with Kenford ? 

• Chapel, S 

Gcdcfing, — ■■- ■ '-- • 

Gcdgrave, -= ^ 

Gifleham Holy Trinity, — ^-^^-^ 

Gillingham St. Mary, — 

Gleniliana All Saints, / 

Glemham St. Andrew, — — ^ 
Glemsford St. Mary, ■ 

Gorlefton St. Andrew, - 

Golheck St. Mary, 

Groton St. Bartholomew, — 

Grundilburgh St. Mdry, 

Gunton St. Feter, 

Hacheftoh All Saints, ■ 

Hacilcigh St. Mary, 

■ Halefworfh St. Mary, 

"Hardwick-Houfe, — -— 

Hargfave, • 

■Harkrtead St. Mary, 


"^Rartcll All Saints, with Boxfted ann. 

Halketon St. Andrew, . 


3 1 4 Valuation of the PariJJjes in Suffolk. 


Fclfham St. Peter, 

Finborough Magna, -> 

Finborough Parva, ■ 

Finningham, — — ■ 

Flemton St. Cath. with 7 

Hei^g;ave R. annexed, 5 

Flixton St. Mar/, — 

Flixton Sr. Andrew, _— — . 

Flowton St. Alary, • 

Fordky with Middleton, Holy Trin. 
Fornham All Saints, •■ — 

Fornham St. Genovcve, — • 

Fornham St. Martin, ■ 


Framlingham St. Michael, — 

Framfden St. Mary, 

Freckingham St. Andrew, 

Freffingfield St. Peicr, — - 

Frifton St. Marv, -^ — 

Frilton St. Peter, — -- — 

Fritton St. Edmund, 

Froftenden All Saints, 

s Bo 




















ya lu 

e certif.ti 
s. d. 





\ I 














































1 1 























Valuatmi of the Panjhes t?i Suffolk. 31^ 


Haverhill St. Mary, — 

Havvkedon, . 

Haughley St. Mary, — 

Hawlled All Saints, ■ 


Helmingham St. Mary, — 

Helens '(St.) Ipfwich, 

Heininait.Mi St. Gregory, — 
Helmly All Saints, — 

Hengrave, (See Flempton) 


H.nley St. Peter, 

Henitead St. Mary, . — 

H^pworth St. Peter, — 

Heringileet, - 

Heringfweil St. Ethelbert, — r- 
Heveningham St Margaret, 

KighamlSt. Mary, 

Higham Green, . 

Hinderclay St. Mary, 

Hintlefliam St. Nicholas, 

Hi n ton, ■ 

Hitchara, •— — 

Kollelley All Saints, — — 

Holton St. Peter, 

Helton St Mary, 

Holbrook All Saints, 

Homersfield St. Mary, — 

Honington AH Saints, 
Hoo St. Andrew, — — . 

HoptQn, ' 

Hopton St. Margaret, 

Horham St. Mary, 

Horningherth, ■ 

Horningflierth, — — 

Horlecrofc, .. . 

King's Books. 

Hoxne St. Peter and Paul, 
Hulverftreet, > .- 

Hundon All Saints, 
Hunfton, ' — — 

Huntingfield St. Mary, 

James (St.) South Elmham, , 

Icklingham All Saints, ■ 

Ickliiigham St. James, 


Jken 3t Bptolph, — 

Pketfliall St.- Andrew, — - 

Z 2 

4 '9 


I I 



3 17 

9 9 

12 6 

5 6 

26 13 

.2 j6 

12 7 

10 17 

2 16 


7 '3 4 


lvalue certified' 
L s, d. 

38 10 Qf 

44 JO of 

33 '3 8 
25 14 o 

3? J3 8 
49 10 4f 

49 9 45 
45 10 o 

47 '3 10 

47 U 

30 o o 
4911 o 

29 10 o 
39 13 2 


42 10 

3 1 6 Vahaivji of the Parijhes in S uffolk' 


Ilketfhall St. John, - 
Ilketfhall St. Lawrence, 
Ilket/hall St. Margaret, 
Ingham St. Bartholomew, 
Ixning, or Exning, 
Ixworth St. Mary, — 

Ixworch, Thorp, 

Kcdington St. Peter and Paul, • 
Kelfale, with Carlton St. Peter ■ 


Kennet St. Nicholas, . 

Kenton All Saints, 

Kerfey St. Mary, . 

Kefgrave, ^ . 

Kettlebafton, . 

Kettle borough St. Andrew, ■ 

Keflingland St. Edmund, ■ 

Kirkley All Saints, . 

Kirkton St. Martin, 

Knattilhall All Saints, ~_ 

Knodifliall St. Lawr. with Buxlow. 

Lackford St. Lawrence, . 

Lakenheath St. Mary, . 

Langham St. Mary, ■ . 

Lavenham St. Peter and Paul, - 

Lawrence (St.) Ipfwich, 

Lawfliall AH Saints, - 

Leyham, • 

Leifton St. Margaret, . , ,„ 

Laxfield All Saints, ■ 

Letheringham St. Mary, 

Levington St. Peter, — < ■ 

Lidgate, ■ 

Lindfey, ■ 

Linftead St. Peter, 

Linftead St. Margaret, 

Livermore St. Peter, ■ 

Livermore St. Peter and Paul, - 

Jyound St. John Baptift, ■ 

Loweftoft St. Margaret, 

Loudham, ■ 

Margaret (St.) Ipfwich, — — 
Margaret (St.) South Elmham, 


Martlefham St. Mary, 





lo lo 
o o 


iS I 

i6 I 

2 I 
















Value certified. 

10 1! 

49 " 



















Valuation of the Paripes in Suffolk. 317 

Parijhes. \ Kings Books. Falue certified^ 

I. s. d. I s. d. 
25 o o 

Mary (St ) at Elms, Ipfwich, 

Mary (St.) at Key, Ipfwich, 

Mary (St.) at Stoke, Ipfwich, 

Mary (St.) at Tower, Ipfwich, 

Matthew (St.) Ipfwich, 

Mtlford Holy Trinity, 

Mellis St, Mary, 


Melton St. Andrew, 

Mendham All Saints, 

Mendlelham St. Mary, • 

Metfield. _ 

Metingham All Saints, 

Michael (St.) South Elr 


Mickfield St. Andrew, 



Mildenhall St. Mary, 

Monewden, ' ■ 

Monks-IUeigh, ■ 

Monk-Soham, (See Soham-Monk) 

Moulton, s 

Mutford St. Andrew, with Barnby, 

Nafton St. Martin, 
Needham, — 
























1 1 


Newbourn St. Mary, 
Nedging, — 

Nettleilead St. Mary, 
Newton St. Mary, 
Newton All Saints, 
Newmarket St. Mary 
Newmarket All Saints, Chapel 
Nicholas, (St.) Ipfwich, 
Nicholas S uth-EImham, 
Northcove St. Botolph 
NorthaJes St. Andrew, 
Norton St. Andrew, 

Oakley St. Nicholas, 
Occold St. Michael, 
Offley St. Mary, 
OiFton St. Mary, 
Onehoufe St. John Baptift, 


1 1 


1 1 



— - 













3i8 Valuation of the Parijkes in Suffolk. 


Orford, (Chapel to SudboUrn) 

Oiilton St. Michael, 

Oufden. — - — — 

Pakefidd AH Saints, • - 

Pakenham, — 

Palgrave St. Peter, 

Pariiam St. Mary, 

Peafcnhall, (confol. to Sibton) 

Peter, Ipfwich, 

Peter, South Elmham, 

Pettaugh St. Catherine, ■ 

Pettiltree St. Peter and Paul, 

Plavford St. Mary, 

Pol'ftead St. Maryv • 

Poflingford, ■ — — 
Preftdn St. Mary, . 

Ramfholt All Saints, . 

Rattlefden St Nicholas, 

Raydon St. Marg. with Southvvold, 

Raydon St. Mary, — , 


Redgrave St. Mary, with Botefdale, 

Redifham St. Peter, ; — 


Rendham St Michael, 

Rendlefham St. Gregorj^, - 

Rickengale fuperior St. Mary, 
Rickengale inferior St. Mary, 
Ringsfield All Saints, .. ■ 


Rilby St-. Giles, , . 

Rifliangles St. Margaret's, • ^ 

Rougham St. Mary, 

Roydon, (Church down) 


Ruflimere St. Andrew, . 

Rulhmere St. Michael, 

Rumburgh St. Michael, 

Sancroft St. George, • ■ — 

Sapefton St. Andrew, — 

Satterly St. Margaret, — ; — 

Saxham, . 

Saxham St. Nicholas, . 

Saxmundham St. John BaptiH, 

King's Booh. 














































1 1-^ 




























1 1 


1 1- 


1 1 





lvalue cer 





















I 1 



I I 

















I 1 














Valuatmi of the Parifies in Suffolk. 319 


Saxftead All Saints, ' , 

Seamere All Saints, 

Shadingficld St, Joha Baptill, 

Shelland, . ^ ; 

Shelly All Saints, 

Shimplingthorn St. George, - 
Shipmeadow St. Bartholoraew, 

Shotley St. Mary, 

Shottilham St. Margaret, 

Sibton St. Peter, 


Snape St. John BaptiiT:, . 

Soham-Monks St. Peter, 

Soham-Earl St. Andrew, 

Someriham St. Mary, 

Somerliton St. Mary, ■ 

with Heringfleet St. Margaret, 

Somerton, . 

Sotherton St. Andrew, 

Southcove St. Laurence, ' 

South-Park, . 

Southwold, • — 

Southolt, ' 

Sprekfall St. Peter, ~- 

Sproughton All Saints, 

Staningfield St. Nicholas, - 

Stanftead St. James, 

Stanton All Saints, 

Stanton St. John, —- 

Stansfield, — 

Stephen (St.) Ipfvvich, • 

Sternfield St. Mary Magdalen, 

Stoke by Clare, 

Stoke-Afh All Saints, 

Stoke-Nayland St. Mary, 

Stonham-Afpal St. Mary, 

Stonham-Earl St. Mary, 

Stonham Little St. Mary, ■ • 

Stoven St. Margaret, 

Stmdbrook All Saints, 

Stradilhall St. Margaret, 

Stratford St. Mary, ■ 
Stratford St. Andrew, 

Stow-Langtoft St. Ge<arge, > 

Stow St. Peter, } 

Stow St. Mary. S 
Sturfton, - -'■ • ■■ • ■■» 

I. . 


. s 


























e cert 

































320 Valuation of the PanJJjes in Suffolk. 

ijtutton St Peter, 

Sudbourn All Saints with Orford, 

Sudbury All Saints, 

Sudbury St. Gregory with St. Peter, 

Sutton All Saints, ' 

Sweffiing Sc. Mary, r 

Swilland St. Mary, 

Syleham, • > 

Tannington St. Mary, 
Tattinglbn St. Mary, 
Theberton St. Peter, 

Thelnetham St. Nicholas, 


Thorndon All Saints, • . 

Thornham Great, , 

Thornham Little, • 

Thorp-Ixvvorth All Saints, — 
Thorp-Morieux, . 

Thorp by Debenham, i 

Thorp in Blything, 

Thorington St. Peter, — — 
Thrandillon, . 

Thurlelton St. Mary, — 

Thurlow Great, ^ . 

Thuriow Little, 

Thwaite St. George, .■ . . 

Thurllon St. Peter, 

Tinworth St. Andrew, — 


Trimley St. Martin, 

Trimlcy St. Mary, 

Trofton St. Mary, 

Tuddenham St. Martin, — 
Tuddenham St. Mary, 

Tunllal St.Mich. w. Dunningwortli, 

Ubbefton St. Peter, 

UfFord St. A/Tarv, 

Uggefhall St Mary, 

Walderfwick. ■ 

Waldingfield St. Laurence, 
V/aldingfield Little, — 
Waldringfield All Saints, 

Walfham le Willows, 

Walpolc St. Mary, — - 

King's Booki 


12 10 Z\ 

6 13 4 

26 13 4 

16 18 4 

24 II 10-: 
7 II 3 

4 14 4' 

6 ,3 
8 S 
3 6 

21 6 


Falue certified* 
/. /. d. 


I i 



18 ni 
17 II 















34 II 
39 'o 

35 »7 

35 o 
48 3 

Valuation of the Parijhes in Suffolk. 


Walton St. Mary, ■ • — 

Wangford St. Dennis, 

Wangford St. Peter and Paul, 

V/antefden St. John Baptift, 

Wafcbrook St. Mary, — — 
Watfield, _ — — 

Wattis field St. Margaret, — — 
Wattifliam, — — — 

Welnetham, ■ 

Welnethana St. Mary Magdalen, — 

Wenhara St: John, • — 

Wenham Little, 

Wenhallon St. Peter, — 

Wefthall St. Andrew, — — 

Wefthorp St. Marggiret, 

Weftley St. Thomas Becket, • • 

Weftleton St. Peter, — — 

Welterfield St. Mary Magdalen, — 

Welbn-Market St. Mary, — 

Wefton-Coney St. Peter, — — — 
Wefton in Wangford, — — — 

Weftow, — i • — 

Weftv.'OGd-Lodge, ' • — 


Wetheriagfett All Sts. w. Brockford. 
Wetherfdale St. Mary Magdalen, — 

Wethersfield St. Mary, ■ 

Weybread St. Mary, — — — 
Whepftead, ■ — 

Wherllead St Mary, 

Whitton St. Botolph, • — 

Whixoe,- ' - — 

Kwg's Booh. 
/. /. d. 
9 12 o{ 

Wickham-Market All Saints, 

Wickham-Skeith St. Andrew, 

Wickham-Brook AH Saints, — — 

Wilby St. Mary, — 

Willingham All Saints, • 

Willingham St. Mary and St. Peter, 

Willifham St. Mary, 

Wingfield St. Andrew, 

Winrton St. Andrew, — — 

■Wiflet St, Andrew, — 

Wiflington St. Mary, — 

Witneiham St. Mary, — — 


Woodbridge St. Mary, 
Woolpit St. Mary, 


















9 17 





















f^alue certified. 

L s, d, 

41 IZ 6 

39 M o 


~ 6 18 9 

A a 


322 Valuation of the Farijhei in Suffolk. 


Woolverilon St. Mary, — — 
Wordwell, — — 

Worliugham All Saints, — — 

Worlington, — — — . 

Worlingworth St. Mary, with S 

Southolt St. Margaret, I 

Worthara Eftgate St, Mary, v 

Wortham Everard, I 

Wratting Great, — ^ — 

Wratting Little, - — 

Wrentham St. Nicholas, *- — 

Yaxley St. Mary, — — 

y oxford St. Peter^ — - — 



















































— T 













— . 


/^ LzT? ^//^^ Patrons c/ /i;^ fever al Parijhes in 
Suffolk, with a Reference to the Page where 
they are to be found. 



Afton All Saints, — 

y* Jcenham St. Mary, — — 
Aldborough St Peter and Paul, 

AJderton St. Bartholo;jiew, — 

Aldham, — — 

Aldringham St. Andrew, — 

All Saints, South Elmham, — 

Alpheton, — — — 

A.mpton St. Peter, — — 

Arwerfon St. Andrew, — • — 

Alhbocking All Saints, — — 

Afhby, — ' — — 
Afh, bv Campfey, St. Jn. Papt 

Alhfield All Saints, — — 

Aflafield in Blackbourn, — — 


Affington St. Edmund, -r — 

Athelington St. Peter, — — 

Baflon, — -r- — 

Paddingham, — — 

Badley St. Mar)', — — 

liadweU Afh St. Mary, — — 


Mr. Jpnnens, — 
Mr. Drury, — 
E. of Strafford, — ■ 
Bifliop of Norwich, &c. 
Sir Jolliua Vanneck, — 
Mr. Hervey's Heirs, — 
Mr. Adair, — — 
Mr. Martin, — 
Mr. Calthrop, — r 
Sir P. Parker's Heirs, — 
The Crown, — — 

Mrs. Braham, — — 
Mr. Bridges, — — 

Mr. Chevalier, — — 
Mr. Gurdon, — — 
The Crown, - ■■ 

yii. Barkef, r- 
Mr. Syer, — r— 
Mr. Crowley's Heirs, — 
Mr. Clou^h, — 








3 GO 


t'A T R o N s Qf the Parijhcs, &c. 



Bailham St. Peter, — — 
Bardwell, — «• — 

Barham St. Mary, — — 
Barking St. Mary, — < — 

Barnardifton All Saints, 

Barnby, — — 

Barnham St. Gregory, ■■' \ 

Barnham St. Martin^ I 

Barningham St. Andrew, 

Barrow, - ■ — 

Barlham Holy Trinity, ■ ■ ~^ - 

Barton Great, — 

Barton Little, — 

Battisford St. Mary, 

Bawdfey St. Mary, 

Bealings Great, St. Mary, 

Bealings Little, All Saints, — 
Beccles St. Michael, —. - 

Beddingiield St. Mary, 

Bedfield St. Nicholas,' 

Beighton, • — 

Belllead Little, St. Mary, 

Belton, All Saints, -— 

Benacre St. Michael, 

Benhall St. Mary, . — 

Bentley St. Mary, — — 

Bildefton, ' 


Blakenham Great, St. Mary, — 
Blakenham Little, St. Mary,— 

Blaxhall St. Peter, . 

Blundefton St. Mary, 

Blyborough Holy Trinity, 

BIyford All Saints, — 

Boulge St. Michael, ■ 


Boxford St. Mary, — — 
Boxted, (confol. with Harteft) 
Boyton St. Andrew, — ^ — 

Bradfield St. George, 

Bradfield St. Clare, 


Bradley Great, — — 

Bradley Little, — 

Bradwell St. Nicholas, 

Braiefvvorth, ■ — 
Bramfield St. Andrew, ■ 
Bramford St. Mary, 

Mr. Aaon, 

St. John's Coll. Oxford, 
Mr. Bacon, 

Mr. Crowley's Heirs, - 
Air. Unwin, — — 

Duke of Grafton,- 
Mr. Evans, ■— 

St. John's Col. Camb. 
Mr. Miflenden, 

Sir Wm. Bunbury, — 

The Crown, 

Mr. Watfon, 

The Crown, 

Mr. Bridges, > 

Mr. Atkinfon, — — 
Mr. Bence's Heirs,— 

Mr. Bedingfield, 

Sir John Rous, 

The Crown,. — - — 
Captain Harland* '• 
Bifhop of Norwich, — 
Sir Thomas Gooch, — 

Mr, Rufh, 

Mr. Dean, — 

Mr. Beale's Heirs, 

Eaton College, — 
Lord Orwell, — 
Mr. Jackfon, — 
Sir Thomas Allen, 
Sir John Blois, — 
Mr. Chapman, 




- R. 




A a 

Sir Wm. Bunbury, 

The Crown, 

Mrs. Warner's Truftees, 
Sir C. Davers, ■ 

S- Mr. Young, ■ ■ < 

Mr. Brand, < 

Mr. Dickens, ■ 

Sir Thomas Allen, 

Earl Cornwallis, . 

The Crown, — — 
Chapter of Canterbury, 




















324 V A T R o a s cf the ParifieSy &c. 


Brampton St. Peter, 

Brandilton All Saints, 

Brandon St. Peter andPaul, 
Brantham St. Michael, - 

Brediield St. Andrew* 

BrenMlleigh St. Mary, - 

Bretenham St. Mary, 

Bricet St. Mary, 

Bricet St. Laurence, 

Brightwell St. John Baptift, 

Brockford, — 

Brockley St. Andrew, — - 
Bromfwell St. Edmand, — 
Broom St. Mary, ■ 

Brandifli, ' ■ 

Brufyard St. Peter, _ 

Bcilchamp, ■ — 

Bucklefham St. Mar}', — 
Bongay Holy Trinity, — — 
Bungay St. Mary, ■ 
Bares St. Marj', — 

Burgate St. Mary, . 

Burgh St. Botolph, 

Bargh-Caftle St. Peter, — 


Butley St. John Baptift, 

Buxhall St. Mary, — 


Campfey-Afh, — 
Capel St. Mary, — 
Capfel St. Andrew, — 
Carlton-Coh-ile St. Peter, 
Carlton in Hoxne, — 
Cavendifh St. Mar)', 

Cavenham St. Andrew, 

Charsfield St. Peter, — 
Chattifham St. Mar)', •- 
Chedburgh, — 

Cheddifton St. Mary, 

Chelfworth All Saints, — 
Cl.elmondiiton St. Andrew, 
Che-vington, '■ 
CJhilesford St. Michael, — 
Chilton, — — • 
Chilton by Stow, 

Clare St. Peter and Paul, 
Claydon St. Peter, .-— - 

Leman, - 


Truftees for a Charity, 

Mr. Holt, — 

Sir Jof. Hankey, 

The Crown, — • 

Mr. Goat, *- 

The Crown, 

King's College, Camb. 

(See Offton) 
Mr.Barnardifton's Heir 

Mr. Grigby, 

Earl CornwalHs,— 

Mr. Major, 

Sir John Rous, — 

Mr. Broke, — 
Bifhop of Ely, — 
Duke of Norfolk, 
Mr. Benyon, — — 

Mr. Holt, 

Mr. Barnes, — 
The Crown, 

(See Bramford) 
Mr. Howard, [95 & 
Dr. HilJ, — 
Confol. withKnodifhall, 

Mr. Hingefton, 

(See Butlev) 
& v.] Sir Tho. Allen, 

Jefus College, Camb. 
The Crown, — — . 
Mr. Leman, ■ 
Eaton College, • 

Earl of Briftol, 

Mr. Plummer, ■■ 

The Crown, ■■ 
The Crown, — — 

Mr. Turner, 

Mr, North, 

Sir Armine Woodhoufe, 

The Crown, 
Mr. Drury, 


Patrons of the Pari/JjeSy &c. 

Clement, (St.) Ipfwich, — 
Clopton St. Mary, ■ 

Copdock St. Peter, »> 


Coddenham St. Mary, 


Cony-Wefton, • 

Cookley St. Michael, 

Cooling, or Coolige, »■ 
Cornard St. Andrew, — — 

Cornard All Saints, 

Corton St. Bartholomew, ■ 

Cotton St. Andrev/, — — 
Covehithe, — — - — 

Cransford St. Peter, 

Cratfield St. Mary, 

Creeting St. Mary, — — 

Creeting St. Peter, ■ 

Creeting All Saints, ■ 
Creeting St. Olave, 

Cretingham St. Andrew, - 

Crowfield, — 

Culford, ■ 

Culpho St. Botolph, 


Dalham St. Mary, - 
Dalinghoe St. Mary, 


Darlham All Saints, 
Debach All Saints, . 
Debenham St. Mary, 

Denham St. John the Baptill, 
Dennington St. Mary, — 

Denfton, — '■ 

Depden St. Mary, • 

Downham St. Mary, — 

Drinkefton, - 

Dunwich All Saints, — 

Dunningworth, — — 

Earl-Soham, — ' 

Eaft-Bergholt Cliapel, 

Eafton-Ba^-ent St. Nichols 
Eafton All Saints, 


Mr. Adkin, 

Mr. Couperthv.'aite, — 

Mr. De Grey, 

St. John's Coll. Camb. 

Mr. Bacon, 

Mr. Crowley's Heirs, 
Mr. Lewis, 

Sir Jof. Vanneck, — 
Trinity Hall, Cambr. 

i Mr. Eldred, { 

The Crown, 

Mr, Pretyman, 





Mr. Syer, 

Earl of Leicefter, 
Eaton College, - 
Mr. W. Bacon, - 

Mr. Crefpigny, 

The Crown, 

Confol. to Coddenham, 

Earl Cornwallis, 

Sir John Blois, -— 

Mr. Affleck, — 
Earl of Rochford, 

St. Edmondibury St. Mary, 
St. Edmondfbury St. James, 

Sir John Rous, ■ 
Sir William Bunbury, 

Mr. Bridges, 

Lord Townfhend, — 
Lord Maynard, -— . 
Sir John Rous, — — 

Mr. Robinfon, 

Mr. Mure, 

Mrs. Wright, 

Mr. Mofeley, 

Sir Jacob Downing, 

(See Soham-Earl) 
(See Brantham) 
Sir Thomas Gooch, 
Mr. Naflau, 

\ The Corporation, 


3^6 Patrons cf the ParifieSy &c. 

Par'ijhes. I 

EJwardfton St. Man', ! 

Eike All Saints, ' — 


Elmfet St. Peter, — 

Elmfwell, — — 

Elvedon St. Andrew, 

Endgate St. Mary, — 

Erifwell St. Lawrence, 

Erwarton (See Arwarton) — 


Exning, ■ — — — 

Eye St. Peter and Paul, 

Eyke, (See Eike) ■ 

Fakenham St. Peter, • 

Fakenham St. Andrew, 

Falkenham St. Ethelbert, 

Famham St. Mary, 

Felixtow St. Peter and Paul, -- 

Fclfham St. Peter, 

Finborough Magna, • 

Ftnborough Parvaj 

Finninghain, — — '- 

Flemton St. Cath. with > 

Hengrave R. annexed, — S 

Flixton St. Mary, — ' 

Flixton St. Andrew, 

Fiowton St. Mary, 

Fordlcy with Middleton, H.Tr 

Fornhain All Saints, 

Fornham St. Genoveve, — — 

Fornham St. Martin, 

Foxhall, — 

. Framlingham St. Michael, 

Framfden St. Mary, 

Freckingham St. Andrew, [R.& 

Freffingfield St. Peter, 

Frifton St. Mary, 

Frellon St. Peter, 

Fritton St. Edmund, 

Fl-oftenden All Saints, 


Mr. Sheldon, 

Mr. Howard, ■ 

Sir John Playters, 

Clare Hall, Cambridge, 

Mr. Chapman, 

Sir John Tyrrell, 

The Crown, • ■ 

Mr. Evans, • ' — 

Duke of Grafton, 

V. Earl Corn wallis,— 

Duke of Grafton, — 
Duke of Grafton, — 
The Crown, ■ 

Mf . North, 

Mr. Atkinfon, -^ — — 

Dr. Scot, 

Bifhop of Ely, — 

King's Coll. Cambridge, 
Mr. FrCre, . 

> Sir Wm. Gage, \ 

Mr. Adair, — 
Sir Tho. Allen, 
Mr. Sherwood, 
Mrs. Freake, — 

Gazcly All Saints, with- 

Kenford Chapel, •■ 

Gedgrave, — — 
Gifleham Holy Trinity,' 
Giflingham St. Mary,' . 

Clare Hall, Cambridge, 

Mr. Hill, 

Mr. Kent, 

Pembroke Hall, Camb. 


St. Peter's Coll. Camb. 
Emanuel Coll. Camb. 

Earl of Strafford, 

Mr. Staunton, 

Earl of Strafford, 

Mr. Glover's Heirs, — 

Trinity Hall, Camb. 
Corporation of Ipfwich, 


















The Crown, 

Mi5. Bedingfifld, 




Patrons of the FariJJm, &c. 


Glemham All Saints, 
Glemham St. Andrew, - 
Glemsford St. Mary, 
Gorleflon St. Andrew, 
Gofbeck St. Mary, 
Groton St. Bartholomew, 
Grundifburgh St. Mary, 
Gunton St. Peter, 

Hachefton All Saints, 
Hadleigh St. Mary, 
Halefworth St. Mary, 


Harkftead St. Mary, - 

Hartefl: All Sts. w. Boxfted ann. 

Hafketon St. Andrew, 


Haverhill St. Mary, — 

Hawkedon, — • 

Haughley St. Mary, j ■ . 

Hawfted k\\ Saints, 


Helmingham St. Mary, — 

Helens (St. ) Ipfwich, 

Hemingltoji St. Gregory, — 

Helmly All Saints, — 

Hengrave, (See Flempton) 


Henley St. Peter, • — 

Henftead St. Mary, 

Hepworth St. Peter, 


KeringfwelJ St. Ethelbert, 

Heveningham St. Margaret, — 

Higham St. Mary, 

Higham Green, ■ ■ ■ — — 

Hinderclay St. Mary, 

Hintlefliam St. Nicholas, 

Hinton, ■ — — 

Hitchan;, •r-— 

Hollefiey All Saints, 

.Holton St. Peter, 

Holton St. Mary, 

Holbrook All Saints, ■ 

Homersfield St. Mary, ~ — 

Honington All Saints, 

Hoo St. Andrew, - — 


^ Mr. North, 

Bilhop of Ely,- 
Sir John Kemp, 
Lord Orwell, — 
Mr. Waring, 


Trinity Coll. Camb. — 
Sir Cha. Saunders, 

Mr. Corance's Heirs, — 
Archbp. of Canterbury, 
Mr. Piummer, 

Mr. Canning,- 
Sir Wm. Gage, 
The Crown, — 
Mr. Stebbine, 

Mr. Coldham, 
Mr. Gilly, . 
Mr. Tu 


Sir John Cullum, 
Mr. Le Heup, 
The Crown, 

Confol. 1 3 St. Clement, 

Mr. Nunn, 

The Crown, 

D. and Ch. of Norwich. 
Mr. Holowday's Heirs, 
MeiTrs. Rye and Nunn, 

R. Mr. Hulden, 

The Crown, 
In Trullees, 

Mr. Holt, 
Mr. Adkin, 

The Crown, 

Mr. Chapman, 

The Crown, — 
Sir Wm. Mannock, 

Mr. Nunn, 

Mr. Adair, 

The Crown, — 
Mr. Leman, — ;-— 



























1 12 





Hoptc , 
Hopton St. Margaret, 
Horham St. Mary, 
Horningfherth, — — 
Horningllierth, — — 

Horfecroft, — — 

Hoxne St. Peter and Paul, 
Hulverftreet, « 
Hundon All Saints, 

of the Parijhesy ^c* 

Huntingfield St. Mar>', 

James (St.) South Elmham, 

Icklingham All Saints, 

Icklingham ST. Tames, ■ 

Ickworth, ■ . ■ 

Iken St Botclph, 

IlketOiall St. Andrew, 

Ilket.Oiall St. John. 

Ilketfnall St. Lawrence, 

Ilketfhall St. Margaret, 

Ingham St. Barthclomew, 

Ixning, or Exning, « ■ ■ 

Ixworth St. Mary, 

Ixvvorthj Thorp, ■ 

Kedington St. Peter and Paul, 
Kel.^ale, with Carlton St. Peter 

Kentford, ■ 

Kennet St. Nicholas, 

Kenton All Saints, 

Kerfey St. Mary, ► 

Kefgrave, ■ ■ ■ 
Kettlebafton, > — 

Kettleborough St. Andrew, — 

Keffingland St. Edmund, 

Kirkley All Saints, 

Kirkton St. Martin, 

Knattifhall All Saints, 

Knodifhall St.Lawr. w. Buxlow, 

Lackford St. Lawrence, 

Lakenheath St. Mary, ■ 
Langham St. Mary, ■ 

Lavenham St. Peter and Paul, - 

Lawrence (St.) Ipfwich, 

Lawfhall All Saints, 


Leifton St. Margaret, 

The Crown, - 

D. and Ch. of Norwich, 
Earl of Leiceller, ■ 

j Sir Rob. Davers, | 

Lord Maynard, 

Jefus Coll. Cambridge, 
Mr. Symonds, 

Sir Jof. Vanneck, — — 
Mr. Adair, ^— 


Mr. Gwilt, 

Earl of Briftol, 

Mr. Jeffrcfon, 

Mr. Adair, • 

The Crown, — 

Mr. Strange, 

Eman. Coll. Cambridge, 
Earl Cornwallis, 

Chapter of Canterbury, 
Mr. Norton, .. ! , . 

Mr. Chevalier, 
Mrs. Bence, - 

Confol. with Gazely, - 
Mr. Bridges, 

King's Coll. Camb. 
Mr Barnardifton's Heirs, 
Mr. Leman, ■ 

Mr. Sparrow," 

Bifliop of Norwich, 

Mr. Willfon, 

The Crown, — — 

Mr.Crofts Read, 

Lord Orwell, ■ 

Mr. Kent, 

Dean andCh. of Ely,- 
The Crown, 

Caius Coll. Cambridge, 
The Parifhioners, — — 

Mr. Lee, 

St. John's Coll. Camb. 
Haberdafhers Co. &c. 


Patrons of the ParifieSy &c. 329 


Laxfield All Saints, 

Letheringham St. Mary, 

Levington St. Peter, — 

Lidgate, - 

Lindfey, ■ 

Linllead St. Peter, 

Linltead St. Margaret, 

Livernxore St. Peter, 
Livermore St. Peter and Paul, 
Lound St. John Baptirt, — 

Loweftoft St. Margaret, 

Loudhanij » 

Margaret (St.) Ipfwich, 
Margaret (St.) South Elmham; 


Martlefham St. Mary, 

Mary (St.) at Elms, Ipf.vich,— 
Mary (St.) at Key, Ipfwich, — 
Mary (St.) at Stoke, Ipfwich, 
Mary (St.) at Tower, Ipfwich, 

Matthew (St.) Ipfwich, 

Melford Holy Trinity, 

Mellis St. Mary, 


Melton St. Andrew, ■ 

Mendham All Saints, 

Mendlefliam St. Mary, . 

Metfield, • — 

Metingham All Saints, 

Michael ( St. ) South Elmham; 

Mickfield St. Andrew, 

Middleton* ■ — 

Milding, — — 

Mildenhall St. Mary, • 

Monewden, • 

Monks- Illeigh, . — 


Moulton, < 


Sir Jof. Vanneck, 

Mr. Naunton, < 

Confol. to Nadlon, 

Lord Granby, 

King's Coll. Camb. — 

Sir jof. Vanneck, 

Sir Jof. Vanneck, 

Mr. Lee, ■ 

Mr. Lee, 

Sir Thomas Alien, 

Bifhop of Norwich, — 

Mr. Fonnereau, 

Mr. Adair, ■ 

Mr. Williams, 

Mr. Gooding, — 

The Parifhioners, - — 
The Parifhioners, ~- 
Dean and Ch. of Ely, 
The Pariiliioners, — 

The Crown, 

Lady Firebrace, 

The Crown, — 

Mutford St. Andrew, w.Barnby, 


Nadlon St. Martin, 
Naughton, _— — 

Newbourn St. Miry, 

Nettleftead St. Mary, 
Newton St. Mary, 

Dean & Ch, ofEly, 

Mr. V^^hitaker, 

Mr. Chilton, 

The Parifliioners, — 

Mr. Hunt, 

Mr. Adair, . 

Mr. W. Ray, — 

Mr. Gurdon, 

Sir Wm. Bunbury, 

Mr. Lumpkin, ■ 

Archbp. of Canterbury; 
(See Soham-Monk) 

Chrift'sColl. Camb. 

Caius Coll. Cambridge 
















• 41 




Lord Orwell, - 
Mr. Stubbing, 

Mr. Wefcern, - 
Mr. Colman, - 
Mr. Leake, 
Mr. Unwin, - 





j^yO P A T K o N s of the ParipoeSy i^c* 


l*^e\vton All Siiints, 

Newmarket St. Mary, 

Newmarket All Saints, 

Nicholas, (St.) Ipfwich, 

Nicholas S uth-EImham, 

Northcove St. Botolph, — 

Northales St. Andrew, •. 

Norton St. AncTrew, . • 

No'A'tbn, ■■ » — 

Oakley St. Nicholas, 
Occoid St. Michael, 
Offley St. Mary, 
OfFton St. Mary, 

Onehoufe St. John Baptift, — 
Ortord, (Chapel to Sudbourn) 

Oukon St. Michadl, - 

Oufdem • — 

Pa'iefield All Saints, ■ 

Pakenham, — 

Palgrave St. Peter", — ^ — 

Parham St. Mary, ■ 
Pclfenhall, (con'fol. to Sibton) 

Peter, (St.) Ipfwiclr, 

Peter, South Elmham, ■ 

Peltaugh St. Catherine, 

Pettilhee Ut.Pete.-' and Paol, — 

Plavford' St. Mary, 

Pol'rtead St. Mary, — 

Poningford, — -• -^ 

Preilon St. Mary, . - ' ■ .» > 

Ramfholt All Saints, — 

Rattlcfden St. Nicholas, 

R.^y{k)n St Marg. w. Southwold, 
P. ay don ot. Mary, 

Redgrave St. Mary, w.Botef^ale, 

Redilliam St. Peter, ^— — 

Redlingfield, — 

R-ndham St Michael 

Rendlelham St. Gregory, 

Rickengale fuperior, St. ?4ary; 
Rickent;ale inferior, St. Marv 

Ringsficid All Saints, - 


Riiby Sf. Giles, 

Rifhaii^les Si. Mar^arci's, — - 

St.Peter's CoU.Camb.— 
Marquis of Granby, T 
Chapel 10 Newmarket 1 
The Paiiihioners, — — 

Mr. Adair, 

1 he Crown, 

Sir Thomas Gooch, — 
St. Peter's Coll. Camb. 
Sir CkarlesDavers, 

Earl Cornwallis, 

Mr. Malyn, 

Lord Abergavenny, — 

Mr. Leake, 

Dr. Pettyward, ' 

Mr. Vanhuythufen, 
Mr. Mofeley, 

Mr. North,—— ■ 

Mifs Difcipline, — ^ 

Earl Cornwallis, 

Heirs of Mr. Corrance, 

Mr. Fonnereau, — — 

Mr. Adair, 

Earrof Dyfert, 

The Crown » 

Earl of Briitol, 

Mr. Alrton, ■ ~ 

Mr. Golding, '■ — 

Eman. Col. Cdmb. — 

Mr. Martin, < 

Mr. Mofeley, 

Sir John Rco?, — 

Mr. Lord, 

The Crown, i 

Mr. Hok, « 

Confol. to Ringsfield 

Mr. Willis, 

W\\ Powel, ■- 

The Crown, - — 

Mr. Horf, 

Mr. Holt, — 

Mr. Dawfon, 

Mr. Pcppen, 

Mr. Hill,- - 

Lord Orwel!, 






f*ATRONS of the FariJJjes, &c. 

Sir Charles Davers,— 


dRougham St. Mary, 

Roydoa, — — . - 


Rufhmere St. Andrew, 

RuTimere St. Michae^ 
Hamburgh St. Michael, - 

Sancrofc St. George, 
Siapefton St. Andrew, 
f atterly St. Margarec, 
SaAham, ■ 

Saxham St. Nicholas, 

"Saxmundham St. John Baptilr, 

Saxitead All Saints^ 

^eamere AI] Saints, ■ — — 

^hadingfiild St. John Baptift,— 

iShelland, — r- 

Shtlly All Saints, 

C -implingtliora St. Gaorge, — 
vShipmealow St. Bartholomew, 

Shjtley St. Mary, 

Snottiiham St Margaret, 

Sibton St. Petrr, .— - — r-r— 


Snape Sr. John Baptift, 

Sohain-Monks St Peter, 

Soham-Earl St. Andrew, 

Somerfham St. Mary, 

Somerliton St. Mary, with ^ 
Heringfieet St. Mvgaret, S 

"Svomerton, — 

•Sotherton St. Andrew, 

Southcove St. Laurence, 

South-Park, — 

Southwold, — 


•Spekfall St. Peter, 

Sproughton All Saiata, 

Staningfield St. Nicholas, 

Stanftead St. James, 

Stanton All Saints, , 

Stanton St. John, — - ■ 

Stansfield, — 

iitephen (St.) Ipf.vich, 

Sternfield St Mary Mpgdalen^ 

Stoke bv Clare, -^ 

titoke-AOi All S/mts, 

Stoke-Na'Jand St. .Mary, — — ' 

(Church down) 

Sir Ciiarles Davers, 


Mr. Garneys, — ^ rr- 

Mr. Elmy, 

Mr. Adair, -^ 

Duke of Grafton, - 

Mr. Barnes, 

Mr, Mure, 

Mr. Crofts, 

Mr. Long, . 

Conf. to Framlingham, 

Mr. Cook, 

■Earl of Briftol, S:c. 

Mr. Ray, -^—r ~ 

Mr. Samuel Rulh, 

Mr. Fiflce, 

Mr. Suckling, 


HcirsofMr. Kell, 

Mr. Edear, .- 

Earl of Strafford, 

Mr. Capper, 

Mr Capper, 

Mr. Heckford, — 

Sir Thomas Allen, 

Lord BLundel," 
Sir John Rous, 
The Crpv./n4 

The Crown, . — .- 
EarlofBrilto', ~ 
Sir Charles Davers., 'r— 
Mr. Lloyd, :- — ■ — 

The Crown, : 

Mr. Fonncr-au, 

Mr. North, — 

Sir Karvev Elwes. 

Mr.'l;rrcl, — — 
Sir V/m. Rcwl.v, — .— 






= 42 










■ 69 




J 43 

! '44 







Patrons of the Pa-ripes^ ^c» 

^j- — e; 


Stnnham-Afpal St. Mary, 

Stonham-Earl St. Maiy, 

Stonham Little St. Mary, 

Stoven St. Margaret, 

Stradbrook All Saints, 

Stradilhall St. Margaret, 

Stratford St. Mary 

itratford St. Andrew, 

Stow-Langtoft St. George, — 

Stow St. Peter, } „____„ 

Stow St. Mary. S 

Sturfton, — — — — 

Stutton St. Peter, 

Sudbourn All Sts. with Orford, 

Sudbury All Saints, 

Sudbury St. Greg. vv. St. Peter, 

Sutton All Saints, -r- 

SvvefHing St. Mary, . 

Swilland St. Mary, .- -r-. 

gylehaiTi, ^ • 

Tannington St. Mary, ^ 
Tattingilon St. Mary, — 

Thebcrton St. Peter, 

Tht^lnetham St. Nicholas, 


Thorndon All Saints, 
Thornham Great, — 

Thornham Little, 


Mr. Middieton, 

Pemb. Hail, Cambridge, 

Mr. Alexander, r- 

Mr- Payne, . 1 

Bifnop of Ely, 

Duke of Devon/hire, — 

The Crown, — ■ '— 

The Crown, — 

Mrs. Smith, — — 

Mr. Aldrich, ■ 

Earl Cornwallis, 

Mr. Ruftat, 

The Crown, — 
ivlr. Little, — 

Mr. Sand:, 

Sir John Rous, 

Mr. Do\e, 

The Crown, — 

Thorp-Lxworth All Saints, 
Thorp-MorieuXj — — 
'ihoip by Debenham, — 

'I'horp in Blything, 

Thorington St. PeW, — ^-. 


Thurleilon St. Mary, — 

Thurlow Grcr.t, . 

Thurlcv/ Little, 

Thwaite St. George, 

Thurilon St. Peter, 

'ri;awcrth St. Andrew, — 

Trimley St. Martin, 
Trimley St. Mary, — — 
Trofton St Mary, — 
Tuddenham St. Martin, 
T'4ddenhmr. St. Marv, 

Blfhop of Rocheiter, — 

Mr. Stebbing, 

The Crown, 

Mr. Tyrell, - 

Mr. Howe, 

Heirs of Mr.Killigrew, 

Mr. Norton, 

Mr. Fi&e, 

Mr. Bridges, 

Mrs. Bence, . 

Earl Cornw aliis,. - 

Biihop of Ely, ^ 

The Crown, — 

Mr. Soajric, 

Mr. Williams, 

Mr. Tyrel, : 

Earl Cornwallis, 

Mr. Mofeley, 

Sir John Pytch Barker, 

Tlie Crown, 

The Crown, • 

Mr. r o;;nercau, 





11 + 





I 228 





Valuation of the Pdrifies In Suffolk. 



Tunftal St. Michael, with 


IJbbefton St Peter, 
yfford St. Marv, 
Uggefliall St Mary; 

Walderfwick, • ■- 

Waldingfield St. Laurence, 
WrJdinofield Little, 

Waldringftcld All Saints, 

Wallham le V/illowf, 

Walpole St. Mary, 

Walton St. Mary, ■ 

Wangford St. Dennis, 

Wangford St. Peter and Paul, 
Wantefden St. John Baptill, — 

Waihbrook St. Mary, 

Watfield, — — 

Wattisfield St. Margaret, — 
Wattilham, — — 

Welnetham, • ■ 

Welnecham St.Mary Magdalen, 

Wenham St. John, • ■ — 

Wenham Little, • ■-- — 

Wenhailon St. Peter, — 

Wefthall St. Andrew, «— — 

Wefthorp St. Margaret, r 

Wellley St. Thomas Bcckct, — 
Wellletcn St. Peter, 

Mr. Jcffrefon, 

Sir John Kemp, 

Mr- Chapman, 

Sir John Rous, < 

Sir John Blois, ■ 
Clare Hall, Cambridge, 

Mrs. Syer, 

Mr.BarnardiHon's Heirs, 

Mv. Hunt's Heirs, 

Mrs. Forward, 

Mr. Atkiafon, 

Mr. Holt, 

Sir John Rous, • 

C. Mr. Chapman, — — — 
R. Conibl. to Copdock, — 
R. Jelus College, Camb. — 
R. Mr. Settle, — — 
C. King's College, Camb. 

R.j Sir Wm. Bunbury, > 

R. Sir Charles Davers, — 
R. Sir P. Parker's Heirs,— 

R.;Mr. Hingelton, 

C. , Mr. Sparrow, • — 

V. D. and Ch. of Norwich, 
' Mr. Reilley, — — 
Clare Hal!, Cambrid-jc, 

Weiterfield St.Mary Magdalen, 

Wciton-Market St. Mary, 

Wellon-Coney St. Peter, 

'vVefton in Wangford, ■ 

Wellow, ■ • 

Wellwood-Lcdge, —. 

Wetherden, — 

V/ethpringfett All Saints, ^ 

with Erockford, S 

Wetheriidale St.MaryMagdalen, 

Wethers.^ield St. Mary, 

Weybread St. Mary, 

Whepllead, — 

Wherltcad St Mp,ry, 

Wiiitton St. Botolph, — 

Whixoe, — 

Wickh.uu-I\:[arket All S.iir 
Wivkh:.jr,- Skcich S;. Andrr 

Bifnop of Eh 
Mr. Tyrel, ' 
The Crown, 

R, ^ Mr. Ed.vards, — 


R. i The Crown, — 
R.JMrs. Clcfc, 













J 27 




= 47 



— !R. 

Confol. to Frefiingneld, 
; Marquis of Giunby, — 
' Mr. Clubbe, — — 

jMrs. Horrcx, 

1 The Crown,- ~ 

: Billion of El V, . ~ 

' Mr. Berkley, — - 
; I'he Crc-.-/n, — -^ 

Sir Armine Wocdhouff 









354- V AT KOii s of the Farifies, &€. 

Parifbes. Patrons. 

TrVicJchara-Brook AH Saints, V. The Crown, 
ivilby St. Mary, 
'Willingham All Saints 

VVillingham St.Mary and St. P 

•Willifham -St. Mary, • 

SVingfieid St. Andrew, 

^Vinlton St. Andrew, — — 

Willet St. Andrew, ^ 

WilTington St Mary, 

Witneiham St. M^ryj «— — 


Woodbrldge -St. Mary, 

W'oolpit St. Mar)s " — 

"VVoolverftou St. Mary, — — 

Wordwell, — 

V/orlingham AU Saints, —— 
"Worlington, — — 

Worlingworth St. Mary, wid; - 
Snutholt St Margaret, — ^ 
"Wortham Eftgate St. Mary, ? 

Wortham Everard, S 

^Vratting Great, — — . 

•Wratting Little, — — 
Wrentham St. Nichola?, 

Yaxley St. Mary, 
y oxford St. Peter, 

Earl of Rochford, • 
(See EUough) 
The Crown, — — 
Mr Leak, 

Bifhop of Norwich, — 
D. and Chapter of Ely, 

The Crown, 

St. Peter's Coll. Camb. 
Dr Ewer, Bp ofLandaft, 

Mr. Carthew, 

Mr. Chapman, 

Eieirs 0.^" I\lr. Tyfon, — 

Earl of Briilol, -- 

The Crown, 

Mr. Montgomeric, 

Mr, Ranfom, — 

Mr. Holt, 

Mr. Holt, 

Mr. Chevalier, — 

Mr Syer, 

Mr. Br^vfter, 

R. Dr. Thrufton,— 
V. Sir John Rous, 







^5 3 

BEFORE the Counties of Suffolk and Norfolk had each 
of them a feparate Sheriff of their own, the Ufage was 
for the Crown to appoint a Sheriff, oiae Year out of the Gen- 
tlemen of Suffolk^ and the next, out of the Gentlemen of 
Norfolk; and fo on alternately, as the Cuftom ftill is in the 
neighbouring Counties of Cambridge and Huntingdon. This 
appears from the following Lift, arvd therefore we begin it 
"before the Separa»:ion of the two Counties. 

H I G Fi Sheriffs of Suffolk and Norfolk. 

J Eliz. 



'J '3 

Sir Ambrofe Jermin, of P.ufhbrook, Knight. 
Jo. Appleyard, Efq; 

bir Robert Wingfield, of Letheringham, Knt. 
Sir Thomas Tir.Jall^ Knt. 
vSii" ■William Bulls, cfP.cdgraye, XiU. 


High Sheriffs c/" Suffolk <j.W Norfolk. 

Year. Sheriffs. 

1564 Sir Thomas Woodhoufe, Knt. 

1565 Sir Owen Hopton, ofYoxforth, Knt. 
1560 Wm. Palion, £fq; 

1567 Lionel Talmach, of Helmingham, Efq; 

1568 Edward Cleere, Efq.; 

1569 Vv^illiam Walgrave, of Smalbridge, Efq^ 
1 570 Sir Chriftopher Heydon, Knt. 

,1571 Edmund Wethypol, of Ipf^'iclv, Efq; 

.572 Radclph Shelton, Efq; 

1573 Sir Ambrofe Jermin, of Rufnbrook,^ Knt. 

1574 Henry Doyly, Efq; 
15.75 Thomas Fckcn, of Playford, Efq; 


S H E K I F F s of Suffolk fmgly. 












Robert Afhfxeld, of Stowlangtoft, Efq; 

John Higham, of Barow, Elq; 

Sir William Spring, ofPakenham, Knt. 

Sir Robert Jermin, of Rulhbrook, Knt, 

Sir Philip Parker, ofArwerton, Knt. 

Sir Thomas Barnardirton, of Kedington, Knfi 

Sir Nicholas Bacon, of Pv.edgrave, Knt. 

Sir William Drur'ye, of Halfted, Knt. 

Sir Charles Framlinghara, of Debenham, Knt, 

John Gurdon, of Alfington, Efq; 

George Colt, of Candilh, Efq; 

Wm. Clopton, of Kentwell in Long-Melford, Ef;j} 

Francis Jermye, of Brightvvell, Efq; 

Philip Tilney, of Shdly, Efq; 

Sir Wm. Waldegrave, of Smallbridge, Knt. 

Thomas Rovvfe, of Ilenham, Efq; 

Nicob. Ciarniih, of Kenton, Efq; 

Lionell Tallemach, of rielmingham, Efq; 

Robert Ford, ofETutley, Efq; 

Thomas Crofts, af Sa.xham, Efq; 

Sir William Spring, ofPakenham, Knt, 

Thomas Edon, of Sudbury, Efq; 

Sir Anthony Wingfield, of Letheringham, Knt. 

Henry Warner, of Mildenhall, Efq; 

Anthony Felton, ofPlayford, Efq; 

Edward Bacon, of Bergham, Efq; 

Sfr Edmund V/ethipcU, of Ipfv\'ich, Knt. 

Thomas Eilotevii!, of Dalham, Efq; 

Sir Nicholas Bacon, of Redgrave, Knt. 

Edm.und BokenHam, of Great Tbornham, Efq; 

Sir Thomas Playters, of Soferly, Knt. 

Anthony Penning, of Ipfwich, Efq; 

^Jo-. Wcntworth, of Son^erlyton, Efqj 



536 High Sheriffs 0/ Suffolk and Norfolk* 

I S H E R. I r F S. 

Lionel Talmach, of Helminghamj Efq; 

\ Sir Thomas VVingficId, ot Lctheringham, Knf, 

^ Sir George Le Hunt, of Bredfield, K.nt. 

Thomas Tiiney, of Shelly, Efq; 

Sir Calthrop Parker, of Arwertort; Ent. 

Sir Martiii Elloteville, of Dalham, Knt. 

Sir Robert Brook, of Yoxforth, Knt. 

Sir Rob. Barker, of Trimley, Knt. of the Bath. 

Thcmas Clcuch, of Holbrook, Efq; 

Sir Lio. Talmach, of Helmingiam, Knt. and Bart. 

^ Sir Edward Lewknor, of Denham, Knt. 

2 Sir Charles Gawdy, of Debenhani, Knt. 

|o. \^'^entworth, of c.omerlyton. 
Sir Henry North, of Wickham-Brook, Knt. 
Sir \^ illiam Spring, of Pakenham, Knt. 
William Whettel, of Ampton, Efq; 
Robert Brook, of Nafton, Efq; 
Sir Nath. Barnardillon, of Kediton, Knt, 
Gaifridus Pitman, of Wood bridge, Efqj 
Samuel Aylmer, of Akenham, Efq; 
Sir John Prefcot, ofHoxon, Knt. 
Mauritius Harrow, of Bermingham, Efqj 
Brampton Gourdon, of Aflington, Efq; 
Sir Henry Buckenham, of Thornbam, Knt. 

John Afton, of Bramford, Efq; 

Sir Robert Crane, ofChiltoHj Knt. and Bart. 

Sir William Soame, of Thirlow, Krit. 

Sir Edmund Bacon, of Rcdgra\'e, Knt. and Bart^ 

Sir John Barker, of Trimly, Bart. 

Sir |ohn Rous, of Hcnham, Knt. 

Sir Philip Parker, of Arwerton, Knt. 
V Sir Ant. Wingtield, of Lctheringhara, Bart. a<4 

^Edward Duke, of Benhall, Efq; 

John Cienche, of Greeting, Efq; 

Sir Simons Dewes, of Stowlangtoft, Knt. 

Sir William Spring, of Pakenham, Knt. 

Sir Wm. CalUcton of Bury, Knt. and Bart. ] 

Maurice Barrow, of Bermingham, Efq; 

Jo. Cotion, of Earl-Soham, Efq; 

Sir Arthur Jennev, of Knodilhall, Knt. 

Thomas Blofs, of Belftead, Efq; 

Thomr.:; Kcrridge, of Shelley, Efq; 

Robert Wright, of Wangford, Eiq; 
i -Sir Wm. Wifeman Bokenham, of Thornham, KnC, 

Sir William Hcrvey, of Hengrave, Knt. 
Edward Clarke, of Ealt Bcrgholt, Efq; 
Isir Robert Coke, of Huntingticid, Knt. 

i Edward Wcnnieve, ofBietenham, Efoj 



161 1 



; 1640