Skip to main content

Full text of "Summarized Bible : complete summary of the New Testament"

See other formats





A Brief Spiritual 
Summary of Each 
Book and Chapter 
in the Bible, for 
the Busy Student 


Los Angeles, California 


jBummarized Bible 

jgummary of the 
Dew T5estament 


Author of 

'Simple Studies in Bible Marking" 

Published by 


536-558 South Hope Street 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

Copyright 1919 



EOPLE are always asking, how shall I study the Bible? What is 
the best method? There is no short cut, no royal road, no magic 
method. Say to such an inquirer, "Read the Bible over and over 
again not once, nor twice, nor thrice, but many, many times." 
And that is all any one can do. Read it until you become familiar, 
cognizant of its contents, until you are so familiar with your Bible, 
be it Bagster or Oxford, that you can close your eyes and visualize 
the passage by locating it upon a particular page just where it 

In riding upon a railroad train, you hear the trainmen call out the stations, 
and you refer to your time card to verify the call as each station is passed, and 
you wonder at the trained memory of the man who can repeat that long list of 
way stations without a mistake, and you ask him how he ever does it, and he 
smiles and replies that he has done it so long it is automatic, done without 
thought and without effort; and so the best product of Bible study becomes 
spontaneous and involuntary. You have read the Bible so frequently, so 
thoughtfully, so earnestly, so prayerfully that it comes to you without direct 
effort on your part where to locate a passage and you label it instinctively. 
And when the facts of Scripture are all in your head and heart, you can safely 
trust the Holy Spirit to interpret those facts, and you need not that any man 
teach you, and therefore the only thing to seek and to secure is to become 
familiar with the contents of che Word thoroughly cognizant of all the facts 
of Scripture, and read them so often that you see them on the page where they 
occur, even with closed eyes. In that way, a man with one book, if that book 
be the Bible, has a large and liberal culture and an education that will serve 
manifold purposes in solving the problems and bearing the burdens and dis- 
charging the duties of daily life. 

Christian workers must be taught and trained. To teach is to cause to 
know; to train is to cause to do; knowing and doing are related as a means to 
an end, as a cause and effect. "If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do 
them." Theory precedes practice. How could a man ever do anything unless 
he knows how it ought to be done? We not only have to be taught, we have 
to be trained. We must learn the theory, we must acquire the practice and 
knowledge as a means to an end. I shall briefly mention seven conditions under 
which Bible study may be prosecuted with success. 


The first condition is indispensable and fundamental; indeed it is not 
so much a condition as a prerequisite, and that is regeneration. You must 
be born again before you can understand the Bible. It is absolutely necessary. 
(Matt. 13:11.) What Daniel says of prophecy is true of all Scriptures 
"The wise shall understand, the wicked shall not." He means that character 
rather than culture is the condition of understanding prophecy. If you would 
understand the prophecies of God's Word correctly, it is not necessary to grad- 
uate at a University or Seminary, and read Greek and Hebrew, but it is neces- 
sary to be good, to be pure, to be holy. The heart makes the theologian. The 
heart is the organ of spiritual vision, and character rather than culture be- 
comes the key to unlock the mysteries of prophecy. That is true of all Scrip- 
ture. (1 Cor. 2:14.) Suppose a man is sitting beside you on yonder moun- 
tain top, and you are describing to him the glories of a sunset. The west is 
brilliant with prismatic hues of iridescent rainbow beauty. The man is indif- 
ferent, and unconcerned. You grow indignant until you discover that the man 
is blind. What cares he about the sunset? What knows he about your 
words? You do not scold him, you do not blame him, you pity him. No un- 
regenerated man can know anything about the mysteries of God and the mean- 
ing of the Bible. A man must be a Christian before he can open the Bible 
with any possibility of arriving at its meaning. It is spiritually discerned. 
Suppose I say to you that on the back of your hand there are scales like those 
of a fish, and you look at your white hand and laugh in scorn, and say that is 
nonsense. Suppose I take you out in yonder street and look up into the sky 
and say there are four moons revolving around the planet Jupiter, and you 
look up at that great white planet in the evening sky, and you say the man is 
crazy, it is no such thing. Suppose I take your razor and say it has a corru- 


gated edge like ^a- 'or&ss-tHlt saw, and you hold the razor up to the light, and 
you say it is not so. Put your hand under a microscope; it looks like the 
back of an alligator. Put the sharpest razor you ever saw under a miscroscopic 
lens; it looks like a circular saw. Put the telescope on Jupiter, and you see the 
four satellites in their appointed order. That former statement was foolish- 
ness to your natural eye, because it was miscroscopically discerned. That 
latter statement was foolishness to your natural eye, because it was telescop- 
ically discerned. The axioms of the Bible are foolishness to the natural mind 
because they are spiritually discerned. A man must be born of the Spirit before 
he knows what the Bible teaches. 

Filled With the Holy Spirit 

Second: A man must be baptized with the Holy Spirit as well as born 
of the Spirit to study the Bible successfully. Every Christian has the Holy 
Spirit. "If any man have not the spirit of Christ, he is none of His," and "by one 
Spirit we are all baptized into one body." But there is something beyond. 
There is a reception and an appropriation of the Holy Spirit as a teacher and 
a guide and a helper that confers a marvelous benefit upon the believer. We 
have a mental salvation. 

"Be renewed in the spirit of your minds." We have talked so much about 
purifying the heart by faith that we have forgotten about clarifying the mind. 
It is quite as necessary to have a renewed mind as it is to have a clean heart. 
A clear head may be a product of the Holy Spirit as well as a clean heart. 
A man may testify to heart purity, and only God and the angels know any- 
thing about it, but if a man says anything about his clear head, as soon as 
he opens his mouth he gives himself away. The Holy Spirit is like oil to 
lubricate the mental machinery so that a man can think coherently, imagine 
vividly, remember retentively, argue logically. I believe that a Christian 
student in the public schools uniformly takes higher rank than a scholar who 
is not a Christian. I ask for an explanation of that fact, and { you say a 
Christian has a higher motive. He has a conscientious inducement to apply 
himself and to be faithful, but that accounts for it only in part. A Christian 
has a mentality illuminated by the Holy Spirit. 

Once upon a time a young College student went into a class in mathematics 
with a problem in Algebra unsolved. He had studied long and hard over that 
lesson but in vain. When he got into the class, as happens so frequently, 
the Professor sent him to the board to demonstrate that particular problem 
that he didn't have. He was a Christian student. He didn't relish standing 
up before the class and failing. It was humiliating. But he went right up 
to the blackboard and stood before it feeling very helpless and very much 
ashamed, and then as he stood there with his back to the class and his face 
to the board, he prayed, "O God, show me how to solve this problem." In the 
twinkling of an eye the solution flashed into his mind, and he seized the crayon 
and dashed off the figures, to the applause of the whole class. That was a 
mental miracle. It was the Holy Spirit illuminating his mind in answer to 
prayer. If he had wasted the morning on the campus loitering or gossiping, 
as many students do, he might have gone there and stood with his face to the 
wall until night and prayed, and he wouldn't have been answered. But he had 
grappled faithfully and honestly with that problem, and what he couldn't do 
God did in answer to prayer. Now that comes from having the Holy Spirit 
as your mentality to stimulate you, to enlighten you and to help you, and our 
minds need saving quite as much as our souls and quite as much as our bodies, 
for our highest life is a mental life, and even our spiritual life comes under the 
scope of our mentality, and the Holy Spirit is our teacher to guide us into 
all truth, and even a believer can study better with the help of the Holy 

A Ravenous Appetite 

In the third place, there must be a ravenous appetite for Bible study. 
"Thy words were found, and I did eat them." "I have esteemed the words of 
his mouth more than my necessary food." If you don't love to study the Bible, 
you'd better postpone this course of study, but the appetite grows by what it 
feeds on, and if you haven't any appetite, you need praying for. Sometimes a 
person is run down, and goes to a doctor. Before the doctor makes a diagnosis, 
he begins to quiz you. The first question is, how is your appetite? If you have 
no appetite, you need medicine. When a Christian has no appetite for God's 

Word, it is a dangerous symptom. Remember what the Israelites said in the 
wilderness, "Our soul loatheth this light bread." Light bread, indeed. It was 
angels' food. If it was good enough for the angels, it ought to have been good 
enough for the Israelites. We remember the food of the Egyptians cucum- 
bers, melons, garlic, etc. Many people prefer novels or newspapers to the 
Bible members of the church too. They have no appetite. To make any 
progress in Bible study, you must love the Bible. Unless you put your heart 
into the work, it is drudgery, and it never succeeds. The highest success is 
the spirit in which you do your work. God never says, "Well done, thou 
good and successful servant," but "Well done, thou good and faithful servant." 
Cultivate your appetite. A strong spiritual appetite is the greatest spiritual 
safeguard. "How sweet are Thy words unto my mouth, yea sweeter than 
honey to my lips." 

Unflagging Industry 

Fourth condition: Unflagging industry, hard work. "In whom are hid- 
den all the treasures of wisdom and of knowledge." Men don't find golden 
nuggets lying around loose on the surface of the earth. They have to look 
for them, and the deeper they dig and the harder they work, the more precious 
treasure do they find. There are no rewards for laziness. There is no truth 
to be discovered save by the hardest work. Every chapter, every passage, every 
verse is a great mine, of which we only scratch the outer surface. The Word 
is infinite and inexhaustible. But this is the greatest need of all hard work. 
The chief attraction of heaven lies suggested in the activities of the cherubim 
they rest not day nor night. They work 24 hours a day. Isn't that delight- 
ful? The time we sleep is wasted. We are unconscious. What a small sum 
of our time remains to do anything! One-third of our time is spent in bed, 
resting, another one-third feeding, grooming and nursing these bodies of our 
humiliation. What a pitiable fraction of time is left to do anything for God or 
man, and oh, how glorious it will be to keep on working 24 hours at a stretch! 
The student who works the hardest does the most and goes the farthest. 

Implicit Obedience 

Fifth condition: Implicit obedience (John vii, 17). Power goes with 
plan, obedience guarantees blessing. If you want spiritual power, you must 
discover the divine plan, conform to it and cooperate with it, but if you want 
spiritual blessing, be perfectly obedient to every divine suggestion and com- 
mand, and blessedness shall be yours. Whenever we discover some new truth 
in Scripture, it has to be translated into conduct and incorporated into char- 
acter. When a man gets his head crammed with knowledge, he is like a ship 
with all the cargo on the upper deck, a very dangerous and most unstable con- 
dition. It is liable at any moment to capsize and flounder. Truth must perco- 
late from the head down into the heart. There must be the moral response 
and an attitude assumed that shall be correlated to the truth itself. If I 
draw back and refuse to obey the light that is given, God will give no further 
light until I live up to what I have and act upon the knowledge that is given. 
Many a case of spiritually arrested development may be explained by dis- 
obedience. I suppose nine-tenths of all intellectual difficulty has an ethical root 
and if men would do what they know to be right, their doubts would melt 
away in the doing. 

Reverent Humility 

Sixth: Humility reverent humility. "If any man think that he knoweth 
anything, he knoweth nothing as he ought to know." This is only another 
name for docility. This is the characteristic of an ideal disciple. Disciple is 
the word those who followed Jesus first received. Disciple means learner. 
They entered the school of faith and of life. The Latin word from which hu- 
mility comes means near the ground. An old writer said, "There are two 
safe places in the universe, the heavens and the dust. Of these two, the dust 
is the safer place, for there have been those who fell out of heaven, but who 
ever heard of any one falling out of the dust? Where could he fall?" Be 
clothed with humility, a new style of dress goods, prices not gone up on 
account of the war. "God resisteth the proud and giveth grace unto the hum- 
ble." But alas! when the consciousness of humility goes into the heart, the 
grace of humility goes out. Life is for learning, and there is no privilege 

greater than going to school. Christ is the Teacher, and we graduate into 
the High School of heaven to sit at His feet throughout eternity. Gifted godly 
men can teach you much, but by and by on the heaven side bank of the river 
of death, you'll sit down with Paul and Abraham and Noah and Enoch, and 
they'll give you Bible teaching that is worth looking forward to. That is a 
post-graduate course that awaits us on the other side. Humility is necessary 
because it tends to self-depreciation. There is no dogmatism or bigotry so hard 
and bitter as that of ignorance. Lord Bason said, "A little learning tendeth 
to self-conceit, but much learning tendeth to humility." The men who know 
most think they know the least, and the men who know the least think they 
know it all. 

Socrates was declared to be the wisest man in Greece. He was asked, 
"What do you know?" "I don't know anything." "That is very strange. 
The oracle declared you to be the wisest man in all the world." They went 
back to dispute the oracle. "Socrates declares he knows nothing." The oracle 
replied, "Others know not that." 

Ceaseless Prayer 

Seventh and last: Ceaseless prayer. (Jer. 33:3.) "Call unto me, and 
I will answer thee, and show thee great and hidden things which thou knowest 
not." Suppose you ponder long on a passage of Scripture, and the meaning 
is vague. What shall you do? Consult commentaries? Yes, but get down on 
your knees and pray. Say "Lord, what does this passage mean?" Then get 
up and study it some more. If it still baffles you, get down and pray about 
it some more and plead the promise. Open your Bible to James 1:5, put your 
finger on this passage, and say "Lord, I plead this particular promise. I con- 
fess my lack of wisdom. O, Thou Spirit of Light and Truth, illumine me." 
Then get up and go to work, and while you work and while you pray, light will 
filter in, and thought will come from God. Have you ever wondered where 
thought comes from? Is not the origin of thought as great a mystery as the 
origin of life? Who can explain it? We say life comes from God. Doesn't 
thought come from God? You hold your mind against a problem, and keep it 
there. From the north and from the south and from the east and from the 
west ideas come like doves flocking to the window? Whence come they if not 
from God? Luther's motto was, "To have prayed well is to have studied 
well." The time you spend in prayer is an immense advantage, not a hindrance, 
not a handicap, but an indispensable help to the understanding of God's Word. 
Consider the seven conditions under which Bible study may be pursued: Re- 
generation, baptism of the Holy Spirit, ravenous appetite, unflagging industry, 
implicit obedience, reverent humility, ceaseless prayer. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Savior of the Jews 28 27:37 King and Savior 

of the Jews. 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

Jesus, the Messiah- 
King, was rejected and 
killed but His wound- 
Matthew A. D. 37 ing was for our trans- 
gressions, and He was 
bruised for our iniqui- 
ties. He is coming 
again to rule and judge. 



Contents: Generations of Jesus Christ. His conception and birth. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Joseph, Mary, generations of Christ 
from Abraham to David. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ was, in accordance with the prophecies, conceived 
of the Holy Ghost, born of a virgin. He was both Son of Man and Son of 
God, thereby being qualified to save His people from their sins. 

Key Word: Genealogy, vv. 1, 17. 

Strong Verses: 21, 22, 23. 

Striking Facts: v. 10. See Gen. 3:15; Isa. 7:14, 8:8, 10; Mic. 5:2, 3. Jesus 
was not begotten of natural generation. Note v. 16, "Mary, of whom was 
born Jesus." A feminine form for the word "born" being used, indicates 
that Jesus was born of Mary, not of man. He was without a sinful nature, 
for the reason that He had the Holy Spirit for His Father. 


Contents: Visit of the Magi, flight into Egypt, Herod's slaughter of the inno- 
cents. Return of Joseph and Mary to Nazareth. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Joseph, Mary, Herod, chief priests, scribes, wise men, 

Conclusion: The light of the Scriptures and the light of nature are calculated 
to lead the seeking soul to Christ, the Savior. Those who follow their 
light to Him will find in Him joy unspeakable. Those who spurn their 
light will have in this life only dread of Him and hereafter naught but 

Key Word: Star of Bethlehem, vv. 2, 9, 10. 

Strong Verses: 6, 9, 10, 11. 

Striking Facts: v. 12. This is the first of 21 unsuccessful attempts on the 
life of Jesus which mark the enmity of Satan and his desire to cut Him off 
before His appointed work could be done. That enmity was manifested in 
O. T. times against the royal line, and now that Christ's sacrifice has been 
made, it is shown in the blinding of the hearts of men lest they see Him as 
their Savior, and against Christians that their testimony for Him might be 


Contents: Ministry of John the Baptist and baptism of Jesus. 

Characters: God, Jesus, John. 

Conclusion: To follow Jesus in the waters of baptism is to publicly acknowl- 
edge our separation from sin, determination to bring forth fruit unto God, 
and consecration to His service. 

Key Word: Baptism, vv. 6, 13. 

Strong Verses: 8, 16, 17. 

Striking Facts: When John announced (v. 2) the "kingdom of the heavens at 
hand," he announced that the Christian dispensation was the next thing 

Page Eight MATTHEW 

to come. He presented Jesus not as King who would at that time set up 
His earthly throne, but as "the Lamb of God that taketh away the sins of 
the world" (the true prophetic order). By Israel's rejection of Him as 
such they have been nationally set aside until the "fullness of the Gentiles 
be come in," after which Jesus as King will return to earth in glory to 
rule. (Matt. 24:29; 25:46; Luke 19:12-19; Acts 15:14-17.) 


Contents: Temptation of Jesus. Jesus' public ministry begun. Call of first 

Characters: Jesus, Satan, John the Baptist, Peter, Andrew, James, John, 

Conclusion: The Word of God is the Sword of the Spirit, which if rightly han- 
dled, will deal defeat to Satan in his attempts to snare the believer by 
tempting suggestions. Beware of Satanic twisting of Scripture "rightly 
divide the Word of Truth." 

Key Word: Temptation. 

Strong Verses: 4, 6, 10. 

Striking Facts: v. 1. It is sometimes asked "If Jesus was without a sinful 
nature, how could He be tempted?" May not a city be besieged, though 
impregnable? Acid will corrode some metals others it will not. The 
devil applied his test to Christ it did not corrode. Note comparison of 
Jesus' temptations with those of the first Adam. (1). Gen. 3:6 lust of 
the flesh (tree good for food); Jesus to turn stones into bread. (2). 
Lust of the eyes (tree pleasant to the eyes); Jesus glory of kingdoms of 
the earth to take them in a way not appointed by the Father. (3). 
Pride of the life (desiied to make one wise); Jesus to throw Himself 
from pinnacle to be hailed by crowds below as the long expected Messiah. 


Contents: Sermon on the mount. Beatitudes. Believer as salt and light. 
Christ's relation to the law. Divorce. 

Characters: God, Jesus. 

Conclusion: The relationship of a child of God will be manifested in the world 
by his shining and burning as a light for Christ, by his quiet and savory 
influence in society, and by his conformity to the Word of God in all 

Key Word: Sermon on the Mount, vv. 1, 2. 

Strong Verses: 3-16, 18, 28, 32, 39, 44, 48. 

Striking Facts: v. 3. Some teach that the teachings of the sermon on the 
mount are applicable only to the future earthly kingdom of Christ, not 
the present age, and as such are postponed until Christ's second coming. 
However we think of the "kingdom of the heavens" as the church age, 
during which Christ, through regeneration, is peopling the heavens, and 
these principles seem to have clearer application to the present age than 
to that time when righteousness shall cover the earth as the waters cover 
the sea. 


Contents: Sermon on the Mount, continued. Formalism condemned. The 
new revelation of prayer (disciples prayer). The law of riches. Cure of 

Characters: God, Jesus. 

Conclusion: True relationship to God will be manifested by a motive of heart 
devotion to God back of all charity to men, by absolute sincerity and 
humility in the prayer life, by laying up heavenly treasures and by absolute 
confidence in the Heavenly Father to supply all real needs and overcome 
all troubling circumstances. 

Key Word: Sermon on the Mount, 5:2. 
Prayer, 6:5. 

Strong Verses: 1, 6, 8, 9-13, 19, 20, 21, 33, 34. 

Striking Facts: vv. 8-13. Rather than the "Lord's prayer," this should be 
designated as "the diciple's prayer," for Jesus could not pray this prayer 
as the expression of His own needs. 

It should be remembered also that it is not based upon the atoning 

MATTHEW P age Nine 

work of the cross, which at the time it was given, was yet future. Christ's 
finished work which makes possible deliverance from sin, should be 
thought into this prayer when used by the Christian. It is a model of 
what true prayer is (1) Puts the Father's interest before personal in- 
terests. (2) Puts earthly needs in right proportion to spiritual needs. 
(3) Bases prayer upon relationship. (4) Trusts God for present needs, 
not worrying about the morrow. 


Contents: Sermon on the Mount, continued. Encouragement to prayer. The 
two ways. Warnings against false teachers. Danger of profession with- 
out faith. The two foundations. 

Characters: God, Jesus. 

Conclusion: True disciples of Christ will be men and women cautious in their 
judgment of others; conscious of their own faults; confident and earnest in 
prayer; wary of false teachers and hypocritical profession; building all 
eternal hopes upon the firm Rock, faith in the Word of God and Christ 

Key Word: Sermon on the Mount, 5:2. (Two ways, vv. 13, 24, 26.) 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 7, 8, 12, 15, 21, 24. 

Striking Facts: v. 22 shows that there will be among those rejected by Christ 
in the last days, many preachers, so-called soul winners and good moral 
men, simply because devoid of true faith in Christ who alone is the foun- 
dation of salvation. Beware of mere lip-devotion which signifies nothing, 
either here or hereafter. 


Contents: Jesus heals a leper, the centurion's servant and Peter's wife's 
mother. Professed disciples tested. Stilling of the waves. Casting-out 
demons at Gadara. 

Characters: Jesus, leper, centurion and his servant, Peter's mother-in-law, 
two men of Gadara, disciples. 

Conclusion: Jesus is the divine Son of God, sovereign over all physical ail- 
ments, over all circumstances, over the powers of nature, over the evil 
emissaries of Satan and over sin (9:5). Faith takes Him at His word and 
finds rest and deliverance at all times in His Word of power. 

Key Word: Sovereign Christ, vv. 17, 27. 

Strong Verses: 13 (a), 27. 

Striking Facts: v. 29. Men may deny the deity of Christ, but demons know 
better. His divine Sonship is proven amply by the demonstration of His 
power in all spheres. He was not only Son of God, but Son of Man 
(vv. 20, 24) and having been subjected to all human testings, He be- 
came a perfect sacrifice and substitute for the believer on the Cross. 


Contents: Healing of the palsied man. Call of Matthew. Answering the 
Pharisees. Healing of woman with issue of blood. Daughter of a ruler 
raised from the dead. Two blind men healed. A demon cast out. Preach- 
ing and healing in Galilee. 

Characters: Jesus, palsied man, sick woman, Jairus, his daughter, Matthew. 

Conclusion: All power is given unto Jesus Christ, both in heaven and in 
earth. Degradation and disease, demons and death are subject to His 
rebuke, and faith in Him is the most priceless treasure on earth, vv. 2, 
22, 29. 

Key Word: Power, vv. 6, 8. 

Strong Verses: 6, ,12, 13, 37, 38. 

Striking Facts: v. 3. Either Christ was the Son of God with power to forgive 
sins and those who claim He is a mere man with no such power, are them- 
selves blasphemers or else He was, as they charged, a blasphemer. His 
deity is fully established by His deliverances from sin, and the conscious- 
ness of forgiveness which He has given to millions of people throughout 
the age. 



Contents: The twelve instructed and sent out. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, 
Bartholomew, Thomas, Matthew, James, Thaddaeus, Simon, Judas. 

Conclusion: The call of Jesus to His service is His enabling for that service. 
He stands with His servants in all their trials, takes notice of every insult 
they are called upon to endure, honors them in this life for their witness 
of Him and will abundantly reward them in the next life for all their 
faithfulness. No cross, no crown. No gall, no glory. 

Key Word: Calling and enduement, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 16, 24, 25, 28, 30, 32, 33, 37, 38, 42. 

Striking Facts: v. 32. Confession of Christ is the normal answer of a new 
born soul to God. "Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speak- 
eth." To evidence the sincerety of our faith by boldly witnessing for 
Him gives us One in heaven who speaks a good word to the Father for us. 


Contents: Answer to questions sent Jesus by John the Baptist. Judgment 
predicted as result of rejection of Christ. Rest for individuals who put 
their trust in Him. 

Characters: Jesus, John the Baptist. 

Conclusion: The miracles of Christ are the seal of heaven upon Him, evincing 
His divine commission, and proving to this day the truth of His doctrine. 
Those who will not be prejudiced against Him nor scandalized in Him, 
cannot but be blessed in Him. Those who will be yoked with Him in His 
burdens, will by Him, be lifted out of all their burdens. 

Key Word: Offended in Christ, vv. 6, 19, 25. 

Strong Verses: 6, 25, 28, 29, 30. 

Striking Facts: v. 28. This is a pivotal point in the ministry of Jesus. The 
Savior-King being spurned by the Jews, now offers rest and service to all 
who are conscious of their need. To these He will GIVE rest (peace with 
God, Rom. 5:1, the rest of salvation), and in His service they shall contin- 
ually FIND rest (the peace of God, Phil. 4:7). 


Contents: Jesus announces Himself Lord of Sabbathy Controversy wijth 
Pharisees. Healing of the withered hand. A demoniac healed. The 
unpardonable sin. Death and resurrection foretold. Deficiency of self- 
reformation. Jesus' new relationships. 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Pharisees, disciples, man with withered hand, 
Satan, David, Jonah, Queen of the South. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ is Lord of the Sabbath day, giving us the true 
example of the acceptable use of that day, spending it with and for God. 
Ascribing the word which Christ does in the power of the Holy Spirit 
to Satan, is a sin unpardonable here or hereafter. 

Key Word: Lord of Sabbath, v. 8. 

Strong Verses: 8, 30, 32, 36, 50. 

Striking Facts: The Sabbath (v. 1) commemorates a finished creation. The 
Lord's day (see v. 40) commemorates a finished redemption, for Christ 
arose from the grave on the first day. The seventh day was a day of legal 
obligation. The first day is a day of voluntary worship. 


Contents: Mysteries of the Kingdom of Heaven. The sower, tares and wheat, 
grain of mustard seed, leaven, hid treasure, pearl, drag net. 

Characters: Jesus, disciples, Satan, Isaiah. 

Conclusion: The present age will be marked to its end by the presence of 
both professors of religion and possessors sinners and saints. The be- 
liever's work is to sow the Word of God in faith, not expecting thereby to 
convert the whole world, but in expectation of Him, who at the end of the 
age, will come with His angels to separate the good and the bad to make 
an end of sinners and set up His glorious Kingdom. 

Key Word: Kingdom mysteries, v. 11. 

Strong Verses: 12, 41, 42. 

MATTHEW Page Eleven 

Striking Facts: Some make the parables of the mustard seed and the leaven 
to teach the conversion of the whole world in this age by the preaching of 
the gospel. This view is explicitly contradicted by Jesus' interpretation 
of the parables of the wheat and tares and the drag net therefore there 
is something wrong with the popular interpretation of the leaven and 
mustard seed. Leaven means "corruption" and is always used in Scrip- 
ture as a symbol of evil. The mustard seed parable pictures an abnormal 
and unsubstantial growth of the outward church. See Dan. 4:20-22. 


Contents: Herod's troubled conscience and the murder of John the Baptist. 
The 5000 fed. Jesus walks on the water. 

Characters: Jesus, John the Baptist, Herod, Herodias, and her daughter, dis- 

Conclusion: That will be multiplied and blessed to the service of men which 
is by faith passed through the hands of Christ. Faith and love with 
little can do much. (v. 18.) The steps of faith fall on a seeming void 
but always find a rock. No sea is too rough on which to venture if the 
eyes are on Christ and He has bidden us "come" (vv. 29, 30). 

Key Word: Lord of nature, vv. X8, 25, 33. 

Strong Verses: 18, 27. 

Striking Facts: Note v. 33. The sure cure for the Unitarian belief about 
Christ, is to be out on a boisterous sea where no human power can help, 
and then see Him come forth to quiet the boisterous winds and save 
the sinking soul. 


Contents: Scribes and Pharisees rebuked. Syrophonecian's daughter healed. 
The multitude healed. 4000 fed. 

Characters: Jesus, Peter, (disciples), Syrophonecian woman, her daughter. 

Conclusion: The Christian life is not a label to put on, but a life to be put 
in; not a system of doctrine to be quibbled about but a great principle to 
be lived out. Genuine faith overcomes all obstacles. His compassion 
meets all needs. 

Key Word: Hypocrites, v. 7. 

Strong Verses: 8, 28. 

Striking Facts: v. 28. This was the first time the rejected Christ ministered 
to a Gentile (cf. Matt. 12:18). When a Gentile addressed Him as "Son 
of David" (v. 22) He made no reply, but when she acknowledged Him as 
"Lord," He answered immediately (v. 25). The Gentile has no claim un- 
der the covenant rights and promises of Israel. 


Contents: Jesus' rebuke of bl'nd Pharisees. The symbol of leaven in- 
terpreted. Peter's confession of the deity of Jesus. Jesus foretells His 
death and resurrection. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Peter, Satan, disciples, John the Baptist, Elias, 

Conclusion: Jesus is the Son of God, the foundation stone of the church. 
He died for the sin of the world, arose for the justification of the be- 
liever and is coming back in glory to reward His own. The cross of 
Calvary was God's program for Him, essential for the salvation of men 
and all attempts to turn Him from it were Satan-inspired (as are all de- 
nials of its necessity today). 

KeyWord: Deity (v. 16); Death (v. 21); Resurrection (vv. 4, 21); Descent 
(v. 27). 

Strong Verses: 15, 24, 26. 

Striking Facts: Note vv. 17, 18. Jesus does not here infer that the church 
was to be built upon Peter but upon Himself, as just confessed by Peter 
(v. 16) (Cf. 1 Peter 2:4-9). In the Greek, the word "Petra" is in fem- 
inine form, denoting that the reference was not to Peter, but to his con- 
fession. The deity of Christ is the foundation doctrine of Christianity. 

Page Twelve MATTHEW 


Contents: The transfiguration of Jesus Christ. The powerless disciples, un- 
able to heal a lunatic, and the mighty Christ. Resurrection again foretold. 
Miracle of the tribute money. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Moses, Elijah, Peter, James, John, a father and his 
lunatic son, John the Baptist, disciples. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ is sealed of heaven as the beloved Son of God, 
glorious and mighty in His person, possessed of all power in heaven and 
earth, the Victor over death and the grave, yet to reign in glory. Genuine 
faith in Him and yieldedness to His power, moves the arm of omnipotence. 

Key Word: Transfiguration, v. 2. Faith, v. 20. 

Strong Verses: 5, 20. 

Striking Facts: The transfiguration is the answer to v. 28 of the preced- 
ing chapter. In it, we see in miniature, the elements of the coming 
earthly Kingdom of Christ. Jesus in His glory (v. 2); Moses standing 
for believers who have passed on through death (v. 3) ; Elijah representing 
those who will be translated (v. 3. Cf. 1 Thess. 4:14-17); Three disciples 
representing Israel in the flesh at His coming; Gentiles at foot of moun- 
tain for the living nations. It was given just following the announce- 
ment which disappointed the disciples, His rejection and death, and was 
for their encouragement. 


Contents: Sermon on the child text. Discipline in the church. Unity in 
prayer. Law of forgiveness. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Peter. 

Conclusion: Those are truly great who are truly humble and good, and God 
is pleased with those who multiply their pardons of others, even as they 
have many times been pardoned by Him. 

Key Word: Greatness, v. 1. Forgiveness, v. 21. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 11, 19, 20, 21, 22. 

Striking Facts: v. 20. Where His saints are, there is the sanctuary of Christ. 
While as to His person He is in heaven, His Spirit is with our spirits, 
and He is the central figure in every gathering for prayer in His name. 
Not a multitude, but faith and sincere devotion on the part of worshippers, 
even though there be but two or three, invites His presence and the mani- 
festation of His power among them. 


Contents: Christ and the divorce question. Little children blessed. The 
rich young ruler. Apostles' future place in the Kingdom. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Peter, rich young ruler. 

Conclusion: God Himself instituted the relationship between husband and 
wife, and those joined together by the ordinance of God are not to be 
put asunder by an ordinance of man, except for fornication. Nothing less 
than the almighty grace of God can enable a man taken up with the 
riches of this world to get into heaven. Riches, if they are under our 
feet, are stepping stones, but if upon our backs, are a curse. 

Key Word: Divorce, v. 7. Riches, v. 24. 

Strong Verses: 6, 9, 14, 24, 26 (b), 29. 

Striking Facts: vv. 16, 17. It is not implied that Jesus was not good (John 
8:46; 14:30), but that He would not be called "good" by one who did not 
accept His deity, but looked upon Him merely as a man (Master "teach- 
er") and put himself on the same level (v. 20). As God (v. 17) He is the 
expression of all good. 


Contents: Parables of laborers in the vineyard. Jesus' death and resurrec- 
tion again foretold. Ambitious requests of James and John. Healing 
of the two blind men. 

Characters: Jesus, wife of Zebedee, James, John, two blind men. 

Conclusion: One hour's service in the spirit of humble trust will be as abun- 
dantly rewarded as 12 hours of legal service where reward is sought as a 
matter of debt. The way to true greatness is to be humble and service- 
able with an eye continually to the great pattern servant, Jesus, who came 

MATTHEW Page Thirteen 

into the world not to be waited upon but to wait upon others and give 
His life a ransom. 

Key Word: Service, vv. 1, 27. 

Strong Verses: 16, 26, 27. 

Striking Facts: vv. 18, 19. The death of Jesus Christ was not, as some say, 
the result of His being the victim of circumstances too strong for Him, 
but was the result of His own program. He came (v. 28) to give His 
life a ransom. He did not die as a martyr, but as a Victor. He never 
foretold His death without adding that He would be resurrected. 


Contents: The triumphant entry. Jesus' second purification of the temple. 
Barren fig tree cursed. Jesus' authority questioned. Parable of the two 
sons in the vineyard. Parable of the house-holder demanding fruit from 
his vineyard. 

Characters: God, Jesus, John, disciples. 

Conclusion: Jesus the King-Savior was officially offered to Israel first. He 
was acclaimed by an unthinking multitude who thought He would then 
set up His earth kingdom, but He was soon rejected by official representa- 
tives of the nation. Nevertheless His rejection by His own people turned 
to the riches of the Gentiles. The unbelief of sinners is their ruin. 

Key Word: Triumphal entry, vv. 9, 10. Jesus' authority, v. 23. 

Strong Verses. 13, 21, 22. 

Striking Facts: v. 2. A colt is a symbol of peace. In Jesus' second coming 
He will come upon a war horse (Rev. 19). Cf. v. 44. The flippant atti- 
tude of the people toward Jesus in His first presentation was due to their 
conception of Him as expressed in v. 11. When He comes in power, there 
will be no room for doubt of the fact that He is both King and Judge. 


Contents: Parable of the marriage feast. Jesus' answer to the Herodians. 
Sadducees and Pharisees. 

Characters: God, Jesus, lawyer. 

Conclusion: The gospel call bids all to the great marriage feast. Some 
wickedly reject Christ's invitations. Some think to intrude in the rags 
of their hypocrisy (See Rom. 3:22) but the humble gladly accept and 
are satisfied. It is not wit and reason that makes one acceptab/e to God, 
but humble acceptance of His call and partaking of the feast He has pro- 

Key Word: Unworthy guests, vv. 8, 12, 18. 

Strong Verses: 9,21,37,38,39. 

Striking Facts: The invitation to the marriage feast first extended to Israel 
(v. 7), was greeted with violence and the King fulfilled the latter part 
of the verse in A. D. 70. The world-wide call then went forth (Matt. 
28:16-20; v. 9) to "as many as would receive" (John 1:12). The man 
without a wedding garment pictures those who think to be accepted in their 
own righteousness rather than the righteousness of Jesus Christ Rom 
10:1-3; Isa. 64:6; Phil. 3:9. 


Contents: Jesus denounces woes upon the Pharisees for their hypocrisy. His 
lament over Jerusalem. 

Characters: Jesus. 

Conclusion: Nothing is more displeasing to our Lord Jesus Christ than hyproc- 
risy, dissimulation, stage-playing in religion. Woe be to all such for their 
religion is vain and their ruin will be terrible. It is wholly owing to the 
wicked will of sinners that they are not gathered by His love under His 
protecting wing they "will not come to Him that they might have life." 

Key Word: Hypocrites, v. 13. 

Strong Verses: 8, 11, 12, 37, 39. 

Striking Facts: v. 39. There are three "untils" to be accomplished before 
Israel can have full blessing. 1. v. 39. 2. Luke 21: 24. Gentile world 
power must run its course Dan. 2:34-35. 3. Rom. 11:25-27. The 
elect of the Gentiles must be brought in. 

Page Fourteen MATTHEW 


Contents: Destruction of the temple foretold. The course of the present age 
outlined; its culmination in the great tribulation and followed by the re- 
turn of Christ in power and glory. Parable of the fig tree and exhortation 
to watchfulness. 

Characters: Jesus. 

Conclusion: The course of the present age is to be marked by wars, famines, 
pestilences, persecutions, false Christs, and religious systems, increasing in 
intensity as the age nears its end, and culminating in tribulation such as 
the world has never seen, nor ever shall see again. Jesus Christ shall 
suddenly, unexpectedly and gloriously appear, coming in the clouds of 
heaven with His hosts. Blessed are they who cherish the "blessed hope" 
(Tit. 2:13) and live in hourly expectation of His coming. 

Key Word: End of Age, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 7, 21, 27, 35, 37, 44. 

Striking Facts: The signs of the near return of Jesus are national (v. 6), 
religious (v. 11), missionary (v. 14), and Jewish (v. 32). (Pig tree a 
type of Israel.) 


Contents: Parables of the wise and foolish virgins. Testing of the servants 
in the Lord's absence. Future testing of the Gentile nations at the Lord's 

Characters: God, Jesus, disciples. 

Conclusion: The hour of our Lord's second coming is very uncertain which 
is good reason why we should live not only in a state of habitual prepara- 
tion but actual diligence in present service for Him, and engaged in works 
of charity for men. Those who have so lived will in that day receive the 
grandest degree in the universe, the "well-done" of Jesus Christ. 

Key Word: Christ's return, vv. 6, 19, 31. 

Strong Verses: 13, 29, 31, 32, 34, 40. 

Striking Facts: vv. 1-13. The strict application is Jewish and refers to the 
"Revelation" when Christ comes "with His saints" to set up His Kingdom 
and punish the nations. Virgins are attendants of a bride. "Bridegroom" 
in some translations is "bride and groom" and "marriage" in v. 10 is 
"marriage-feast." The virgins are professing Jewish disciples (Rev. 14:4; 
Psa. 45:14). In the midst of the great Tribulation, the mid-night cry will 
be raised. As applied to Christians the parable is a warning of the "Rap- 
ture" which precedes the "Revelation." The lamp is a type of God's Word 
and the oil of the Holy Spirit. The two classes distinguish between Pos- 
sessors of Christianity and Professors of it. 


Contents: Authorities plot Christ's death. Jesus annointed by Mary of 
Bethany. Judas sells Jesus. The last Passover. Lord's supper insti- 
tuted. Gethsemane experience. Jesus before Caiaphas and Sanhedrin. 
Peter's denial. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Judas, Peter, James, John, Caiaphas, disciples. 

Conclusion: Having finished His work as a Prophet, Christ entered upon His 
work as Priest to make the great sacrifice for the remission of sin. Al- 
though wicked hearts laid the plot and put it into execution, they were 
but fulfilling the Scriptures and unknowingly carrying out the program 
for which Christ came into the world. The spotless Passover Lamb who 
ALONE must settle the sin question was prepared for the slaughter, not 
as a martyr, but as a ransom for all. 

Key Word: Jesus' last night, vv. 1, 18. 

Strong Verses: 28, 41, 39. 

Striking Facts: v. 26. This verse marks the end of the Mosaic dispensation. 
The true Paschal Lamb was Christ, and He was now ready for the sacrifice. 
Yet at the very hour He was offered unbelieving Jews were sacrificing use- 
less blood in the temple. The Lord's supper which takes the place of the 
O. T. ceremonies is a memorial of Christ as a gift and sacrifice, a parable 
of the true nature of Christianity Christ becoming a part of us, and a 
prophecy of His future coming and glory. 

MATTHEW Page Fifteen 


Contents: Jesus delivered to Pilate. Judas' remorse. Barabbas released in 
Jesus' place. The crucifixion of Christ. The entombment and sealing of 
the tomb. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Pilate, Judas, Jeremiah, Simon, 3 Marys (v. 56), 
Elijah, Joseph, two malefactors. 

Conclusion: See Isa. 53:3-6, 9, 10. (It is utter ruin of language to try to 
draw a human conclusion to the chapter. Rather let the Scriptures them- 
selves interpret it.) 

Key Word: Crucifixion, vv. 1, 35. 

Strong Verses: 22, 54 (b), 35. 

Striking Facts: Calvary's cross was the main point in the coming of Jesus into 
the world. His death was the object of His incarnation. He was the 
"Lamb of God who beareth away the sin of the world." No man took His 
life from Him (John 10:17-18). He whose blood was more precious than 
all human blood together (v. 54-b) gave His life (Matt. 28:26). The glory 
of heaven is not Jesus as a great ethical teacher, but Jesus, the "slain 
lamb." (Rev. 5:6-12; 7:10; 21:23.) 


Contents: Resurrection of Jesus. Jesus in Galilee and the great commission. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, 2 Marys, disciples. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ is declared to be the Son of God with power, by 
His resurrection from the dead (v. 18; Rom. 1:4) and the acceptance by 
the Father of His atoning work on the cross is thereby assured for all who 
will receive it. Those who would be kept in the consciousness of His 
presence (v. 20) must attend to that which He has appointed the carry- 
ing of the message of salvation to all men. 

Key Word: Resurrection, v. 6. 

Strong Verses: 6, 18, 19, 20. 

Striking Facts: The resurrection is the centre of all miraculous narratives 
the sun which keeps them in their orbit. It is the Waterloo of infidelity. 
If He did not literally rise from the grave, not only is His veracity at stake, 
but (1 Cor. 15) preaching is vain (v. 14); faith is vain (vv. 14, 17); the 
witness of the disciples is false (v. 15); we are yet in our sins (v. 17); 
the dead are perished (v. 18), and our state is most miserable (v 19) 

Page Sixteen GOSPEL OF MARK 


Key Thought: Number of 

Servant of Man 16 

Chapters : 

Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

10:45 Servant of Jehovah 

Writer of the Book: 

Mark (called John) 


A. D. 57-63 

Conclusion of the Book: 

Jesus is the Mighty 
Worker, who came, not 
to be ministered unto, 
but to minister. 



Contents: Ministry of John the Baptist. Baptism and temptation of Jesus 
and His first Galilean ministry. Demons cast out, sickness healed, leprosy 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, John the Baptist, Satan, Simon, James, 
man with demons, Simon's mother-in-law, leper. 

Conclusion: The deity of Jesus Christ is fully attested by the seal of the 
Father from heaven, His victory over Satan, His authority to call men, and 
His power over evil spirits and all manner of diseases. 

Key Word: First ministry, vv. 1, 14, 21, 32. 

Strong Verses: 11, 17. 

Striking Facts: v. 35. There is no conflict between the fact of the deity of 
Christ and His dependence upon the Father in prayer. His prayer life 
on earth was the manifestation of His perfect communion with the Father 
before He came into the world. The fact that Jesus never asked anyone to 
pray FOR Him, is a further proof of His deity. He was superior to all 
human intercession. 


Contents: Healing of the palsied man. Call of Matthew. Parable of the 
cloth and bottles. Jesus, Lord of the Sabbath. 

Characters: Jesus, Paralytic, Matthew, David, Alphaeus. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ was sent to a sinful world for the healing and saving 
of such as will acknowledge their need of salvation and put their trust in 
Him. He has authority to forgive sin, which strikes at the root of diseases 
and either cures or alters their property. True faith in Him will overcome 
all obstacles and bring deliverance. 

Key Word: Power of Christ, vv. 10, 28. 

Strong Verses: 10 (a), 17, 27, 28. 

Striking Facts: v. 7. (Cf. John 10:33.) Jesus was logically either a blas- 
phemer or "God manifest in the flesh." The miracle He performed im- 
mediately proved that it was not He who was the blasphemer, but His 


Contents: Jesus heals a withered hand on the Sabbath. Multitudes healed. 
The twelve chosen. The unpardonable sin. 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Satan, disciples, man with the withered hand, 
Mary, Jesus' brothers. 

Conclusion: Those who are bound by disease and evil spirits are the special 
object of Jesus' compassion and may find complete deliverance in Him, do 
they but stretch out the hand of faith toward Him. Those are obstinate 
indeed in their unbelief, who set themselves against being convinced of the 
power of Christ by trying to explain it away, or attributing it to the devil. 
All such are sinning against their last remedy. 

Key Word: Healing (vv. 2, 10), Calling (v. 13). 

Strong Verses: 28, 29, 35. 

Striking Facts: Blaspheming the Holy Ghost is attributing to the devil the 
work which Christ did by the power of the Holy Ghost. Many of those 

MARK Page Seventeen 

who reviled Christ on the cross found mercy and Christ Himself prayed 
for them, but to blaspheme the Holy Ghost is unpardonable. 


Contents: Parable of the sower. Parable of the candle. Parable of the 
mustard seed. Jesus stills the storm. 

Characters: Jesus, Satan, disciples. 

Conclusion: The present age is a time for missions and testimony to the 
salvation offered in the Word of God. The message will be variously re- 
ceived because of Satanic opposition, but many will prove good soil for 
the Divine seed and will bring forth fruit by the power of God. 

Key Word: Kingdom parables, vv. 2, 11, 26, 30. 

Strong Verses: 24, 25. 

Striking Facts: vv. 38, 39. He who slept the sleep of human exhaustion arises 
and rebukes the elements. What manner of man is this? It is the God- 
man truly man, but God manifest in the flesh. 


Contents: The maniac of Gadara. Woman with issue of blood healed. Daugh- 
ter of Jairus raised from the dead. 

Characters: Jesus, disciples, demoniac, sick woman, Jairus, his daughter. 

Conclusion: The power of Christ over evil spirits, over incurable physical ail- 
ments, and over death itself, demonstrates to a conclusion His deity and 
puts honor upon the simple faith that comes to Him. Those who by faith 
are healed of Him, may go in peace and should go to witness of His power 
and grace. 

Key Word: Powerful Christ, vv. 19, 29, 42. 

Strong Verses: 19, 34, 36 (b). 

Striking Facts: v. 7. Even devils believe in the deity of Christ and tremble 
before Him. Demons know that by His Word they will ultimately be sent 
to chains of eternal darkness. 


Contents: The twelve sent out to preach. Murder of John the Baptist. The 
5000 fed. Jesus walks on the sea. Jesus heals many at Gennesaret. 

Characters: Jesus, disciples, Herod, Herodias, her daughter, John the Baptist, 
Mary, Joses, Juda, Simon, Elias. 

Conclusion: The divine authority of Christ is ratified by the divine wisdom 
which He displayed in all His teaching and the divine power which He 
manifested in imparting power to others for service, in overcoming all 
laws of nature for the relief of men and in dispelling by His mere Word 
or touch all manner of diseases. 

Key W T ord: Mighty works, v. 2. 

Strong Verses : 50 ( b ) . 

Striking Facts: vv. 3, 7, 41, 48. Jesus the carpenter was the Controller of 
the universe. Jesus the son of Mary was Jesus the Son of God. 


Contents: Jesus rebukes Pharisees. Healing of daughter of Syrophenician 
woman and a deaf and dumb man. 

Characters: Jesus, Pharisees, scribes, disciples, Syrophenician woman, her 
daughter, deaf man, Isaiah. 

Conclusion: It is worshipping God in vain to rest in the outside of religious 
exercises when the heart is not right with God. Our first care should be 
the washing of the heart from wickedness which makes us odious to God, 
rather than ceremonial washing. Christ never puts any away from Him 
who fall at His feet in humble faith, and give themselves up to be ruled by 

Key Word: Traditionalism (v. 3), Healing (26, 27). 

Strong Verses: 37 (b). 

Striking Facts: v. 37. This verse shows what the whole world will say 
when Christ's mediation is completed and He comes to receive His own. 


Contents: 4000 fed. Meaning of leaven explained. Blind man outside Beth- 
saida healed. Peter's confession of faith. The value of a soul. 

Page Eighteen MARK 

Characters: Jesus, Peter, disciples, Satan, blind man, Pharisees. 

Conclusion: The bounty of Christ is inexhaustible and He will supply the 
needs of the body if with it we glorify Him. It is provoking to Him when 
we are overwhelmed with present distrust, because we so soon forget what 
we have seen of His goodness in supplying our needs in days past. 

Key Word: Our Provider, vv. 8, 17, 18. 

Strong Verses: 29, 34, 36, 38. 

Striking Facts: v. 31. The death of Jesus was clearly not one of defeat, but 
of victory. He was not a martyr but a divinely appointed sacrifice. "Christ 
that died" would make no gospel if we could not add "And is risen again." 
His resurrection proves that He was "the Christ" (v. 29) and that His 
atoning work is accepted of God and sufficient for all who believe. 


Contents: The transfiguration. The powerless disciples and the mighty Christ 
casting out a demon. The dispute over who should be greatest. Jesus' 
rebuke of sectarianism. Solemn warning of hell. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Moses, Elijah, Peter, James, John, disciples, a 
father, his son. 

Conclusion: Since God has from the open heavens owned Jesus Christ as His 
beloved Son, we should give ourselves to be ruled by His Word, to be 
yielded to the mighty working of His power in us and through us and to 
resemble Him in the spirit of humble service to men. 

Key Word: Transfiguration (v. 2), Mighty Christ (v. 19). 

Strong Verses: 7, 23, 35 (b), 41, 42, 43, 50. 

Striking Facts: The transfiguration fulfills the promise of Jesus to reveal 
Himself in His coming kingdom (v. 1) ; teaches us that He was exalted far 
above Moses (law) and Elijah (prophets) (v. 4); was intended to raise 
the hopes of the disciples in view of His coming death (v. 30), and warns 
us against seeking to any other than the Son of God (v. 7). 


Contents: Jesus' law of divorce. The blessing of little children. The rich 
young ruler. The desire of James and John to be first. Bartimeus re- 
ceives his sight. 

Characters: Jesus, James, John, Peter, disciples, rich young ruler, Bartimeus, 
Moses, Pharisees. 

Conclusion: Marriage is a divine institution and therefore to be religiously 
observed. The bond which God has tied is not to be lightly untied. 

The kingdom of God can be received into the heart only with humble 
resignation like that of a little child, to Jesus. Those who put their affec- 
tions in the wealth of the world cannot put a right value on Christ and 
His grace and will therefore come short of His kingdom. Those who hav- 
ing received Christ, would be greatly honored hereafter and honorable 
now, are those who are the most useful to men. 

KeyWord: Divorce (v. 2), Riches (v. 24), Greatness (v. 44). 

Strong Verses: 9, 14 (b), 15, 25, 29, 30, 31, 44, 45. 

Striking Facts: v. 18. Jesus' object was not to infer that He was not good, 
for the Scriptures plainly teach His goodness, above all men, but to raise 
the man's view of His person. The ruler had called Him "Master" (teach- 
er) and looked upon Him merely as a great man, on the same plane with 
himself (v. 20). Jesus was God, but until His divinity was acknowledged 
He could not accept the title "good." 


Contents: Official presentation of Jesus as King. The barren fig tree. Purify- 
ing of the temple. The prayer of faith. Jesus' authority questioned. 

Characters: Jesus, Peter, disciples, John the Baptist, David. 

Conclusion: The Lord Jesus, in accordance with the Scriptures, presented 
Himself as King-Savior at Jerusalem where He displayed His Kingly 
authority by cleansing the temple. He came seeking fruit of Israel, and 
gave the sign of their doom knowing His coming rejection by them. 

Key Word: Triumphal entry, v. 9. 

Strong Verses: 22, 23, 24, 25. 

MARK Page Nineteen 


Contents: Parable of householder demanding fruit from his vineyards. The 
tribute question. Jesus answers the Sadducees. The great commandments. 
The widow's mite. 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Caesar, David, widow, disciples, Sadducees, 
Herodians, Pharisees, Moses, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob. 

Conclusion: Because Christ, God's only Son, made His demands with more 
authority than any prophet had done, men were enraged against Him and 
determined by some method to entangle Him and put Him to death. To 
the last He confounded the wise of the world with His wisdom and set 
the seal of His favor upon the humble, trusting worshipper. 

Key Word: Rejected Lord, vv. 6, 10, 13. 

Strong Verses: 10, 17, 30, 31. 

Striking Facts: Jesus knew there could be no obstruction to His exaltation. 
He is the foundation stone of the Church, will be the smiting stone de- 
stroying the Gentile world powers at His coming and will yet be set as 
heaven's King the headstone of the corner. 


Contents: The course of the present age its culmination in the great tribu- 
lation and the Second coming of Christ. Parable of the fig tree. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Daniel, Peter, James, John, Andrew. 

Conclusion: The end of the age will be marked by religious apostasy (v. 6), 
wars and rumors of wars (v. 7), upheavals among kingdoms (v. 8), earth- 
quakes, famines, and trouble (v. 8), the publishing of the gospel in all 
nations (v. 10), disregard of law (v. 12), and manifestations of hatred 
toward the preachers of the gospel (v. 13). The age will culminate in a 
time of trouble such as the world has never known (v. 19), and will end in 
the glorious appearing of the Christ in the clouds (v. 26). Let it be our 
care that whenever He will come He may find us at our duty, ready to 
meet Him. 

Key Word: Signs of the times, vv. 4, 29. 

Strong Verses: 13, 26, 27, 31, 33, 35, 36. 

Striking Facts: vv. 28-30. The fig tree is a type of Israel. When Israel 
again starts to bud as a nation, after hundreds of years in dispersion, 
we may be sure Christ's coming is near. The word "generation" in v. 30 
is literally "race." The nation of Israel has a promise here that it will 
be preserved until these things are fulfilled. Israel is even now budding 
His coming is therefore "even at the doors." 


Contents: The plot against Jesus. Jesus annointed by Mary. The last 
Passover. The Lord's supper instituted. The Gethsemane experience. 
Peter's denial. Jesus delivered to the authorities. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Mary, Judas, Peter, James, John, disciples, Caiaphas, 
Chief Priest, maid. 

Conclusion: Our Lord Jesus, betrayed into the hands of the violent by His 
own familiar friend and led away by wicked hands to His death, conse- 
crated Himself to that purpose, for which He came into the world the 
redemption of mankind by the blood of the cross. A great part of the 
load of sorrow He bore was that occasioned by His betrayal and denial by 
those close to Him. 

Key W T ord: Jesus' last night. 

Strong Verses: 24, 36, 38. 

Striking Facts: vv. 32-35. What "hour" and "cup" was He seeking to 
be delivered from? Does He pray for deliverance from the cross the very 
purpose for which He had come into the world? (John 12:27.) Heb. 5:7 
states that His prayer was heard and answered. Luke 22:44. Mark 
14:34 shows that Satan was attempting to kill Him before He could ac- 
complish His purpose and Luke 22:43 gives the answer. He was saved 
from death in Gethsemane. When the hour of the cross comes, He wants 
no angels or defenders and rebukes Peter for trying to defeat God's plan. 
Matt. 26:52, 53, 56. 

Page Twenty MARK 


Contents: Jesus before Pilate. Barabbas set free instead of Christ. The 

Characters: God, Jesus, Pilate, Simon, Barabbas, Centurion, Joseph, 2 thieves, 

Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of Joses. 
Conclusion: 1 Pet. 2:24; Isa. 53:5, 9, 10. (Only God's own Word can form 

the conclusion of this scene.) 
Key Word: Crucifixion, v. 24. 
Strong Verses: 39. 
Striking Facts: v. 38. Why was the veil rent from the top down? It 

was rent from heaven, not earth. Christ having made atonement and 

glorified God, the way into the holy of holies was now made manifest. 

Heb. 9:8, 24; 10:19-22. 


Contents: Resurrection and ascension of Jesus. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Mary Magdalene, Peter, disciples, Mary the mother 
of James and Joses, young man (an angel). 

Conclusion: Jesus who was crucified in weakness, lives in power and appears 
in the midst of the praises of the heavenly host as the "Lamb that was 
slain" (Rev. 5:6). Let the message be declared to all persons in every 
land that they might be saved from the guilt and power of sin and pre- 
pared to meet Him at His coming. 

Key Word: Resurrection, v. 16. 

Strong Verses: 6, 15, 16. 

Striking Facts: v. 7. "And Peter." Peter denied Jesus just before He died. 
Jesus owned Peter just after His resurrection. Peter's grasp of Christ 
relaxed. Christ's grasp of Peter was still tight. Peter lost consciousness 
of Jesus' love but that did not change Jesus. "Nothing shall be able to 
separate you from the love of God which is in Christ Jesus." 

GOSPEL OF LUKE Page Twenty-One 


Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Son of Man 24 19:10 Perfect Son of Man 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

Jesus is the Ideal Man, 
the human-divine One, 

Luke A. D. 63-68 who came to seek and 

to save that which was 



Contents: Birth of John the Baptist foretold. Virgin birth of Jesus foretold. 
Mary's visit to Elizabeth. Mary's praise because of Jehovah's favor. 
Birth of John the Baptist. 

Characters: Holy Spirit, Luke, Theophilus, Herod, Zeeharias, Elizabeth, Gab- 
riel, Elias, Joseph, Mary, Abraham, John. 

Conclusion: John, the forerunner of Jesus, came to earth by divine appoint- 
ment and arrangement. Jesus, the Christ was born of a virgin, conceived 
of the Holy Ghost, and was therefore the Son of God to whom was prom- 
ised the throne of His father, David. 

Key Word: John and Jesus, vv. 31, 60. 

Strong Verses: 31, 32, 35, 37, 78, 79. 

Striking Facts: vv. 31-32. The name "Jesus" (Savior) links Him to human- 
ity and suggests His career as Prophet. He is conspicuous as "Jesus" up 
to His resurrection. "Christ" (annointed One) links Him to Prophecy 
which He came to fulfill and suggests His work as Priest atoning for 
sin. "Lord" (the Jehovah name applied to Him) links Him with Deity and 
suggests His Kingship. He is coming again to rule. 


Contents: Birth of Jesus. His adoration by the shepherds. Adoration and 
prophecy of Simon and Anna. Return to Nazareth. Jesus and His 
parents at the Passover. 

Characters: Jesus, Caesar, Augustus, Cyrenius, Joseph, Mary, Moses, Simeon, 

Conclusion: Jesus the Christ, in the fullness of time was brought into the 
world according to divine counsels. Although born amid the meanest cir- 
cumstances, His humiliation was attended by discoveries of His glory and 
His coming was announced as glad tidings to all people. From His child- 
hood days He showed forth some of the rays of His glory in the divine 
wisdom which He manifested. 

Key Word: Glad Tidings, v. 10. 

Strong Verses: 10, 49. 

Striking Facts: v. 52. In the perfections of His divine nature there could be 
no increase. But as Son of Man, in His human nature, His body increased 
and He grew in all the endowments of a human soul. Christ accommo- 
dated Himself as Son of God, to His state of humiliation in human flesh. 


Contents: Ministry of John the Baptist. Baptism of Jesus. Genealogy of 

Characters: Holy Spirit, God, John Baptist, Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate, 

Herod, Philip, Annas, Caiaphas, Zacharias, Abraham. 
Conclusion: Way must be made for the reception of Christ by the removing of 

all obstructions that stand in the way of Him and of His grace. The 

seal of His divine authority has been given from the opened heavens; let 

us therefore prepare to bid His salvation welcome. 
Key Word: Baptism, vv. 16, 21. 
Strong Verses: 16. 

Page Twenty-Two LUKE 

Striking Facts: v. 23. Matthew gives Joseph's genealogy Luke gives 
Mary's. Luke does not say Heli "begat" Joseph. Joseph was his son-in- 
law. If Jesus was the son of Joseph, as some claim, He is forever barred 
from the throne, being a descendant of Coniah who was cursed, that none 
of his line might have the throne. Jesus was accordingly conceived by the 
Holy Ghost in Mary, Mary's father being a descendant of David through 
another line. 


Contents: Temptation of Jesus. Jesus in the synagogue at Nazareth. Cast- 
ing of demons out of man at Capernaum. Healing of Peter's wife's mother 
and others. 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Satan, Joseph, Elias, Eliseus, Naaman. 

Conclusion: Our Savior was victorious over Satan by the power of the Holy 
Ghost and the use of the divine Word as His sword and those are well 
armed who are thus equipped. The words of Christ's mouth were attended 
with a power which pricked the consciences of men, dispersed evil spirits 
and drove away disease. 

Key Word: Temptation, v. 2. Fame, vv. 14, 32, 36, 37, 40. 

Strong Verses: 4, 8, 12. 

Striking Facts: vv. 17-19. It is interesting to notice that Jesus stopped His 
quotation in the middle of a passage from Isaiah. He stopped with "the 
acceptable year of the Lord" which is His first advent, but He knew His 
coming rejection. "The day of vengeance of our God" has to do with His 
second advent, and He therefore omitted it at the time. 


Contents: Miraculous draught of fishes. Healing of a leper and a paralytic. 
Call of Matthew. The scribes and Pharisees answered. Parables of the 
garment and bottles. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Simon, James, John, leper, Moses, Pharisees, scribes, 
Levi, John the Baptist. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ has divine power to command the very fishes of the 
sea; to drive out incurable disease by His Word; to separate sinners from 
the penalty of their sins, and authority to call whom He will. Those will 
speed well indeed who will take Him at His word and trust to His ability 
and efficiency whatever their case. 

Key Word: Faith in Christ, vv. 5, 12, 20, 28. 

Strong Verses: 24 (a), 32. 

Striking Facts: v. 21. The doctrine that Jesus Christ has power to forgive 
sin has been fully attested, proving that He is God. He appears to be 
so by what He does in this chapter alone, and human experience through, 
the centuries witnesses to His deity. Those who charge Him with 
blasphemy are themselves proven to be blasphemers. 


Contents: Jesus and the Sabbath. Healing of a withered hand. Choosing 
of the twelve. Sermon on the Mount. Parable of the house built on a 

Characters: God, Jesus, disciples, Pharisees, David, man with withered hand. 

Conclusion: Works of necessity are allowable on the Sabbath and above all 
it is to be spent in the service of and to the honor of Him who is Lord of 
the Sabbath, whose good works we are to perform. 

The blessings of Christ are covenanted to suffering saints who live 
by the precepts of His gospel, enduring hardship for His sake, in hope of 
the glory of heaven which will abundantly countervail all hardships. Woe 
to those who rest upon a false foundation, trusting in the riches of this 
world and holding Christ and His people in contempt. 

Key Word: Lord of Sabbath, v. 5. Sermon on Mount, vv. 12, 20. 

Strong Verses: 5, 20, 21, 22, 23, 27, 28, 31, 35, 37, 38, 41, 45, 46. 

Striking Facts: Jesus as a human being in perfect subjection to the Father 
walked in constant communion with Him through prayer. In those days 
when His enemies were filled with madness against Him, He gave much 
time to prayer. If He, the Son of God, needed to pray, how much more 
business should we have at the throne of grace? 

LUKE Page Twenty-Three 


Contents: Centurion's servant healed. Widow's son raised. Questions from 
John the Baptist in prison and Jesus' testimony. Jesus annointed in the 
Pharisee's house. Parable of the creditor and two debtors. 

Characters: God, Jesus, centurion's servant, centurion, man who was raised, 
his mother, John the Baptist, Pharisees, sinful woman, Simon. 

Conclusion: He who had such a commanding empire in the kingdom of nature 
as that He could command away diseases and raise the dead, is certainly 
none other than the Messiah, long announced by the prophets and em- 
powered for the forgiveness of sins. 

Key Word: Healer and For giver, vv. 10, 48. 

Strong Verses: 7, 23, 47, 50. 

Striking Facts: v. 28. This is usually taken to mean that the "least" of 
those who preach the Gospel of the risen Lord, being employed under a 
more excellent dispensation, are in a more honorable office than John 
the Baptist, who merely announced His birth and ministry. The meanest 
of those who follow the Lamb, excel the greatest of those, in position, 
who proclaim His advent. Those living under the Gospel dispensation 
have therefore a greater responsibility. 


Contents: Jesus preaching and healing in Galilee. Parable of the sower, the 
lighted candle. Stilling of the waves. Demons cast out of man of Gadara. 
Healing of a woman. Raising of Jairus' daughter. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Susanna, Jesus' mother 
and brothers, disciples, the Gadarene, Jairus, woman with issue of blood, 
Peter, servant of Jairus, James, John, daughter of Jairus. 

Conclusion: It is the comfort of God's people that all power is given unto 
Jesus Christ, their Saviour. He has under His check and control, the ele- 
ments of the universe, the prince of the power of the air with all his most 
malignant demons, all human diseases, even death itself, and exercises 
these powers as will best glorify God. He is rich in fact who is rich in 
faith in Christ, having received the good seed of His promises into their 

Key Word: Preaching and showing, v. 1. (See v. 4, preaching; vv. 25, 35, 
48, 55, shewing.) 

Strong Verses: 11, 17, 18, 21, 39. 

Striking Facts: v. 28. Demon-possessed men never have expectation to re- 
ceive benefit from Jesus Christ, nor inclination to do Him service, a fact 
which alone proves His deity. Demons know Him to be the Son of God 
who is ultimately to execute vengeance. They express only dread of Him. 


Contents: The twelve sent forth to preach and their return. 5000 fed. 
Peter's confession of Christ. The transfiguration. The powerless disciples 
and the demon ridden boy. Jesus' rebuke of sectarianism. Tests of dis- 

Characters: Jesus, God, disciples, Herod, John the Baptist, Peter, Elijah, 
John, James, Moses, man and his demon ridden son. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ is God's annointed, owned to be so from the opened 
heavens and by the lives of witnesses and shown to be so in His sup- 
eriority over all forces; His ability to empower others for supernatural 
work; His power to supply both temporal and spiritual needs and His 
authority over malignant spirits. Wise are they who give up all to cleave 
to Him, for though they lose their lives for His sake, they shall gain life to 
their unspeakable advantage. 

Key Word: The mighty Christ, v. 43. 

Strong Verses: 23, 25, 26, 35. 

Striking Facts: vv. 22. 44. When men had a fond conceit of a temporal 
kingdom in which Christ, the miracle worker, should reign to supply all 
their needs, He would have one truth "sink down into their ears" the 
absolute necessity of His atonement. All His miracles and the interest 
He had gotten by them, could not prevent His sacrifice on the cross. 

Page Twenty-Four LUKE 

"Without the shedding of blood there is no remission of sin" neverthe- 
less those who carried out the plan were "wicked men," inspired with evil 


Contents: The 70 sent out. Jesus denounces judgment on cities. Parable 
of the good Samaritan. Martha and Mary entertain Jesus. 

Characters: Jesus, 70 witnesses, Satan, lawyer, Martha, Mary. 

Conclusion: Whom Christ sends may be sure He will go along with them and 
give them success. His servants should apply themselves to their work 
under a deep concern for precious souls, looking upon them with His 
compassion, and as riches which ought to be secured for Him. True 
service for Him comes out of communion with Him, and that service is 
worthless to Him which is done with motives of selfish pride. 

Key Word: Service, vv. 1, 30, 38. 

Strong Verses: 2, 20, 21. 

Striking Facts: v. 21. Jesus rejoiced (only time recorded) to perfect 
strength out of weakness for His own glory. He is pleased to reveal His 
counsels in those whose extraction and education have nothing in them 
promising until He, by the Holy Spirit, elevates their faculties and fur- 
nishes them with this knowledge. The believer need not therefore be 
disturbed if some of the "wise and prudent" of the world would crucify 
Him afresh. Vital experience of Christ in the soul over-balances all hu- 
man reasonings about Christ. 


Contents: Jesus' doctrine of prayer. Jesus charged with casting out demons 
by Beelzebub, and His answer. Woes denounced upon the Pharisees and 

Characters: Jesus, disciples, Satan, Jonah, Solomon, Queen of the South, 
Pharisees, lawyers, scribes, Abel, Zacharias. 

Conclusion: One great design of Christianity is to enforce upon us the duty 
of prayer, instruct us in it and encourage us to expect advantage by 
it. Prayer changes things. Our prayers are God's opportunities to do 
for us what He otherwise could not do. Let us therefore lay hold of 
God's willingness with confidence and cling to Him with persistency. 
Obstinate infidelity will never be at loss for something to say in its own 
excuse, though ever so absurd. They will yet be compelled to face Him 
in judgment to answer for all their absurdities and will see the emptiness 
of all external ceremonies. 

Key Word: Prayer, v. 1. Evil generation, v. 29 (14,54). 

Strong Verses: 2, 3, 4, 9, 13, 23, 28. 

Striking Facts: v. 29. The sign from God for the confirmation of our faith 
is the resurrection of Jesus Christ. This is the greatest and most con- 
vincing proof that He was sent from God. 


Contents: Jesus warns of leaven of the Pharisees. Parable of the rich fool. 
Parable of the second coming. Parable of the steward and his servants. 
Christ, the divider of men. 

Characters: Jesus, disciples, Pharisees, rich man, Peter. 

Conclusion: Those who make not religion a mere cloak, but have a saving 
faith in Christ, can set at defiance all the opposing forces of the world, 
knowing that having given Him first place in their lives, they are safe 
in Him. They need not take anxious thought for the things of this life nor 
dread even the killing of the body, which can only send them to their 
rest and eternal joy with Christ the sooner. Let them therefore sit loose 
to the world, living in hourly hope of His glorious return. 

Key Word: Jesus our security, vv. 7, 8, 11, 28, 31, 37. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 22, 24, 28, 30, 31, 32, 34, 37, 40, 48. 

Striking Facts: v. 40. Jesus is certainly coming back to earth in power and 
great glory and His people are now to live in a state of expectation, doing 
everything with that hope and to that end. The theology of v. 45 is char- 
acterized as the theology of unfaithful stewards who will be caught un- 
awares to their shame. 

LUKE Page Twenty-Five 


Contents: Parable of barren fig tree. Woman loosed from her infirmity. 
Parable of mustard seed and leaven. Jesus teaching on way to Jerusalem. 

Characters: Jesus, Galileans, Pilate, infirm woman, ruler of synagogue, Abra- 
ham, Satan, Isaac, Jacob, Pharisees, Herod. 

Conclusion: Genuine repentance and faith toward Christ is the only avenue 
of escape from perishing. Nothing can be expected concerning barren and 
hypocritical lives except that they should be cut down and cast away. Not 
all who say "Lord, Lord" will find entrance to His kingdom, and to be 
bidden by Him that day to "depart" means hell. Those who would be 
saved must enter in at the strait gate, having undergone a change of 

Key Word: Hypocrites rejected, vv. 15, 25, 30, 35. 

Strong Verses: 3, 24, 34. 

Striking Facts: vv. 6-9. The fig tree symbolizes Israel in Christ's time (Psa. 
80:8-16). Three years and more Jesus sought fruit of this tree and 
found none. Having produced all His credentials as Messiah, He made His 
triumphal entry with multitudes shouting "Hosanna," but He knew they 
would shortly shout "crucify." The next day He saw a fig tree and finding 
nothing but leaves, He cursed it. (Mark 11:12-14.) See v. 34. This 
is Israel's condition "until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled." 


Contents: Jesus heals on the Sabbath. Parable of the ambitious guest. Para- 
ble of the great supper. Parable of the tower, of the king going to war, 
and of the savorless salt. 

Characters: Jesus, Pharisees, lawyers, man with dropsy. 

Conclusion: Pride and hypocrisy will get shame and will at last have a fall, 
for the Master of the feast will marshall His guests and will not see the 
more honorable miss their due. 

Many have been bidden to the great supper of Christ, and many there 
are who stay away on excuses of small concern. The ingratitude of those 
who slight the Gospel invitation is an abuse of His mercy, and grace 
despised is grace forfeited. God will however have a church in the 
world, though there be many who heed not the call. 

Key Word: Great supper, v. 16. 

Strong Verses: 11, 26, 27, 33. 

Striking Facts: In the two parables of Luke 14:16-24 and Matt. 22:1-14 we 
see the historical development of the plan of salvation. (1) Prophetic 
announcement represented by the first invitation. (2) Second epoch, 
complete preparation followed by acts of violence. (3) Extension of the 
invitation to the hitherto uninvited guests, the Gentiles. The key note 
is Matt. 22:14. 


Contents: Parables of the lost sheep, lost coin and lost son. 

Characters: Jesus, Pharisees, scribes. 

Conclusion: God has a particular care over backsliding sinners (Isr. in this 
case) and follows them with the calls of His Word and the strivings of 
the Holy Spirit until at length they are wrought upon to return. Their 
repentance and conversion are a matter of joy and rejoicing among the 
angels of heaven. 

Key Word: Lost and found, vv. 4, 8, 32. 

Strong Verses: 7, 10. 

Striking Facts: v. 18. If one has been in the Father's house as a son, he, 
like the prodigal is still a son and will be constantly constrained by the 
Holy Spirit and the intercessory work of Christ to "arise and go to the 


Contents: Parable of the unjust steward. Jesus answers Pharisees. Rich 
man -and Lazarus in the spirit world. 

Characters: God, Jesus, disciples, John the Baptist, rich man, Lazarus, Abra- 
ham, five brothers of rich man, Moses. 

Conclusion: Worldlings are often more consistent with themselves and more 

Page Twenty-Six LUKE 

enthusiastically pursue their ends than Christians. Though they aim low 
they aim better, improving their opportunities and doing that first which 
is most needed. Let us he thus wise in spiritual affairs. 

Prosperity is not a mark of being a favorite of heaven, nor poverty 
a mark of God's rejection of a man. Salvation is appropriated by those 
only who accept the evidence of God's Word during their lifetime, and, 
having died outside of Christ, there is no ray of hope eternally. 

Key Word: Wisdom, v. 8; opportunity lost, v. 25. 

Strong Verses: 10, 13, 15. 

Striking Facts: v. 23. "Hell" is lit, "hades," the prison place of departed 
unsaved spirits until the time of the Great White Throne judgment, when 
these spirits shall be resurrected for judgment and sent into the final hell 
forever. This is not a parable, for Jesus never names the characters in 
parables, with definite statements of things that took place. 


Contents: Instruction in forgiveness. Parable of service. Ten lepers healed. 
Second coming of Jesus foretold. 

Characters: Jesus, disciples, ten lepers, Pharisees, Noah, Lot, Lot's wife. 

Conclusion: God's relation to the believer is not one of contract but of own- 
ership, and since we never can merit His favors, we should ever let Him 
have the praise of His comforts, while we seek to manifest His spirit 
toward our fellowmen. 

Our Lord Jesus is with certainty coming back to earth to reign glori- 
ously. His coming will be with such suddenness that none can announce 
it in advance. The world will be moving on in its regular pursuits in dis- 
regard of the warnings of God's Word, when He appears. 

Key Word: Duty, v. 10; thankfulness, v. 16; Second Coming, v. 24. 

Strong Verses: 4, 6, 24, 26, 34, 36. 

Striking Facts: v. 21. Jesus did not teach these wicked men that the "king- 
dom of the heavens was "within" them, but "among" them. It was then 
in their midst in the person of the Savior and His disciples. He has a 
kingdom which is yet to come with outward show (v. 24) and with such 
suddenness that men will not be able to point here and there and say 
"the kingdom is coming." This is exactly what men are now trying to 
do, thinking the earthly kingdom can be set up without the King present. 


Contents: Parable of the unjust judge. Parable of Pharisee and publican. 
Little children blessed. Rich young ruler. Death and resurrection fore- 
told. Blind man healed near Jericho. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Pharisee, publican, Peter, disciples, blind man. 

Conclusion: Trouble and perplexity should drive us to prayer, for it is per- 
sistent and believing prayer that drives trouble and perplexity away. 
There is, however, no way of approach to God on the ground of our own 
merits, but only on the ground of God's mercy as shown at the blood- 
sprinkled mercy seat ("mercy" is lit. "propitiation." The publican said, 
"be toward me as thou art when thou lookest upon the atoning blood"). 
True discipleship is conditioned upon receiving the Lord Jesus Christ 
with the simplicity and humility of a child, being willing to follow Him 
and submit to His discipline whatever it may cost us in the things of this 
world, being confident that whatever we have left behind for His sake 
will be abundantly made up to us in better things, both here and hereafter. 

Key Word: Prayer, vv. 1, 10; discipleship, vv. 22, 29, 43. 

Strong Verses: 1, 7, 14, 17, 27, 29, 30. 

Striking Facts: vv. 31-34. Christ ever speaks of His sufferings as necessary 
to the fulfillment of Scripture. (1 Pet. 1:11.) His death on Calvary was 
absolutely essential and would have taken place in any case. He came 
to give His life a ransom, and therefore did not die as a martyr. 


Contents: Conversion of Zaccheus. Parable of the pounds. Triumphal entry. 
Jesus weeps over Jerusalem. Purification of the temple. 

LUKE Page Twenty-Seven 

Characters: God, Jesus, Zacchaeus, Abraham, disciples. 

Conclusion: The Lord Jesus came from heaven to make possible the bringing 
of those that are lost to God. Having made this provision, He has gone 
into a far country to receive for Himself a Kingdom and return in great 
power. He has endued His followers in the world with advantages and 
capacities of serving the interests of His church until He returns to re- 
ceive it, when all shall render account to Him and receive their reward 

Key Word: Coming King, vv. 12, 38. 

Strong Verses: 10, 26. 

Striking Facts: v. 38. The great honor paid to Christ by multitudes makes 
the ignominy of His death to appear the greater. He could have influ- 
enced all men as easily as those to whom the ass and colt belonged, but 
the Great Ambassador of heaven knew He was entering Jerusalem to be 
rejected and crucified according to the divine purpose. The great song 
of rejoicing will yet be taken up by innumerable multitudes when He 
returns to receive the Church and set up His Kingdom. 


Contents: Jesus' authority questioned. Parable of the vineyard. Question 
of the tribute money. Answer to Sadducees about resurrection. Jesus 
questions Scribes. 

Characters: Jesus, priests, Scribes, John the Baptist, Caesar, Sadducees, Moses, 

Conclusion: Those who question Christ's authority, if they would but cate- 
chize themselves in the most evident principles of religion, will have 
their folly made manifest, for the evidence of His authority is complete 
and convincing. Those who are resolved not to recognize His authority, 
disowning Him as Lord of the Vineyard, will find themselves eventually 
thrown out of their lease, and stripped of all their title, for He will yet 
become the headstone of the corner. 

Key Word: Christ's authority, vv. 2, 13, 44. 

Strong Verses: 17, 25, 38. 

Striking Facts: v. 44. Christ as God was David's Lord, but Christ as man 
was David's son. 


Contents: The widow's mite. Discourse on the course of the age and return 
of the Lord. 

Characters: Jesus, widow, disciples. 

Conclusion: As the time draws near when the Kingdom of God shall be fully 
established upon the earth, and the King shall return in glory, the days 
will be characterized by increasing apostasy, disturbances in the earth 
and in the heavens, and intense hatred of those who proclaim the Gospel. 
The age will culminate in a period of terrible fear upon man, and then 
shall Christ appear. 

Key Word: Course of age, v. 7. 

Strong Verses: 8, 9, 18, 25, 26, 27, 33. 

Striking Facts: vv. 20-24. Two sieges of Jerusalem are in view in this chap- 
ter. These verses refer to the siege of Titus, A. D. 70, when v. 24 was ful- 
filled. Christ did not come then. Jerusalem has been trodden down 
throughout the present dispensation and will ever be disputed about until 
the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled and He comes who is rightful King. 


Contents: Judas covenants to betray Jesus. Last passover. Lord's supper 
instituted. Peter's denial predicted. Jesus' arrest. Peter's denial. 

Characters: Jesus, priests, scribes, disciples, Judas, Peter, Satan, captains, 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ, in fulfillment of the Scriptures, was betrayed into 
the hands of wicked men by His own familiar friend, and as the spotless 
Lamb of God was led away to the slaughter, for the purpose to which He 
had consecrated Himself, the shedding of His blood for the putting away 
of sin. He faced the issue alone, victorious over all Satanic attempts to 

Page Twenty-Eight LUKE 

turn Him from the divine purpose, and forsaken by His own, went forth 

to be slain. 

Key Word: Jesus' last night, v. 1. 
Strong Verses: 19, 20, 42. 
Striking Facts: vv. 19-20. The Lord's supper itself is an evidence of Christ's 

deity, for no man could institute a memorial of himself of this character. 

It is a memorial of His finished work (v. 19; 1 Cor. 11:26), a symbol of 

the impartation of His life to us (vv. 19, 20; 1 Cor. 11:29), a vehicle of 

the impartation of Himself (vv. 19-20), a prophecy of His return and the 

marriage supper. (1 Cor. 11:26; Luke 22:16, 18.) 


Contents: Jesus before Pilate and Herod. Barabbas released and Jesus con- 
demned. The cricifixion and entombment. 

Characters: Jesus, Pilate, Caesar, Herod, Barabbas, Simon, two thieves, 

Conclusion: (Only the divine Word can conclude this scene.) See Isa. 53:3-6, 
10; 1 Cor. 15:3-4. 

Key Word: Crucifixion. 

Strong Verses: 4, 14, 33, 38, 45, 46. 

Striking Facts: vv. 4, 14, 43. The holiness of Jesus is attested by adverse 
witnesses. Centurion, v. 47. Thief, v. 41. Pilate, vv. 4, 14. Pilate's 
wife, Matt. 27:19. Judas, Matt. 27:3-4. 


Contents: Resurrection of Christ. Ministry of the risen Christ. His com- 
mission to evangelization. The ascension. 

Characters: Jesus, angels, Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary mother of James, 
Peter, disciples, Cleopas. 

Conclusion: Jesus who suffered all things in fulfillment of the divine warrant, 
also came forth from the domain of death in fulfillment of the same 
Scriptures, thereby being shown to be the Son of God with power, whose 
authority may never be questioned. Those who have come to know the 
power of His death and resurrection must go and tell a guilty world 
that an act of indemnity has passed the royal assent which all that believe 
shall have the benefit of. 

Key Word: Resurrection. 

Strong Verses: 5, 6, 25, 39, 44, 46, 49. 

Striking Facts: v. 49. Those who are to proclaim this supernatural Gospel 
need to be endued with power from on high. The church of Christ could 
never have been set up by any human power, neither can its message pros- 
per without the same baptism of the Spirit. As the disciples tarried for 
Pentecost, so let none venture today upon their embassy until they have 
received power from on high. 


Page Twenty-Nine 


Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Son of God 21 20:31 Risen Son of God 

Writer of the Book: Date: 

John (the Apostle) A. D. 85-90 

Conclusion of the Book: 

Jesus is the eternal Son 
of God, who came into 
the world to reveal God 
in terms of human life. 



Contents: Deity of Christ. Ministry of John the Baptist. Jesus announced 
as the Lamb of God, and the first converts to Him. 

Characters: God, Jesus, John the Baptist, Moses, Elias, Isaiah, Pharisees, 
Andrew, Simon, Philip, Nathaniel. 

Conclusion: The Son of God became the Son of Man that the sons of men 
through Him might become the sons of God. The next thing to finding 
Him as the Lamb of God is to find another and introduce that one to Him. 

Key Word: The Word, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 12, 13, 14, 17, 29. 

Striking Facts: v. 12. To teach "believing on Christ" for salvation proves 
His deity. If He was a created or finite being, to teach eternal salvation 
by believing on Him is blasphemy. Only God can bring eternal life by 
belief in Himself. To experience new life by believing proves that Jesus 
was God manifest in the flesh. (See Jer. 17:5.) 


Contents: The marriage at Cana and the first miracle of Jesus. The passover 

and the purification of the temple. 
Characters: Jesus, mother, disciples. 
Conclusion: Those who expect the favors of Christ must with an implicit 

obedience observe His orders. Those who follow Him shall fare with 

Him. The way of duty is the way to mercy. 
Key Word: Obedience, vv. 5, 16. 
Strong Verses: 5, 16. 
Striking Facts: v. 19. The ability of Christ to drive this crowd from their 

posts without opposition was in itself proof of His authority, but if that 

does not convince, the great sign, His resurrection, will settle the question. 

His resurrection is the Waterloo of infidelity. 


Contents: Nicodemus and the new birth. The last testimony of John the 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Nicodemus, John the Baptist, Moses, 
John's disciples. 

Conclusion: Since the natural man, however gifted, moral, or refined, is 
absolutely blind to spiritual truth and impotent to enter the kingdom, a 
new birth through Christ as the channel and the Holy Spirit as the 
power is an absolute necessity. Heaven is a prepared place for a prepared 
people. The only gateway to it is Jesus. 

Key W r ord: New birth, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 3, 6, 7, 16, 18, 19, 36. 

Striking Facts: v. 14. The bitten Israelite was healed by simply looking to 
the brazen serpent, not by looking at his wound, although he must of course 
be conscious of his condition. One look healed the bite. So one look 
of faith to Jesus saves. It is not the way we look, but the object we look 
at that heals. 

Page Thirty JOHN 


Contents: Jesus and the Samaritan woman. The indwelling Spirit. The 
nobleman's son healed. 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, John the Baptist, Pharisees, Jacob, Joseph, 
woman of Samaria, her husband, nobleman, his son. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ is the gift of God, the richest token of God's love, 
the source and fountain of those living waters, the graces of the Holy 
Spirit which satisfy the thirsting soul and make a life overflowing with 
goodness. Those who come face to face with their own helplessness and 
sin and give their hearts to Him will be the recipients of these living wa- 

Key Word: Living water, v. 10. 

Strong Verses: 10, 14, 23, 24. 

Striking Facts : v. 29. The divine knowledge of Jesus proves His omniscience. 
Jesus knows the thoughts, words and actions of all the children of men, 
and by the power of His Words is still revealing to men the secret sins of 
their hearts. 


Contents: Healing of the man at the pool of Bethesda. Jesus answers the 
Jews. The four-fold witness to Jesus. 

Characters: God, Jesus, infirm man, John the Baptist, Moses. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ, the omnipotent Son of God, delights to help the 
helpless, and manifests His mercy to those who are willing to be helped. 
He who thus overrules the powers of nature on behalf of trusting souls 
can be no other than the Son of God, in whom the fullness of the Godhead 

Key Word: Healing, v. 8. 

Strong Verses: 23, 24, 28, 29, 39. 

Striking Facts: v. 18. Jesus was killed because of His claims to deity. If 
He was not what He claimed to be (v. 23), He was a blasphemer, but this 
is out of the question, since He was raised from the dead. Therefore, 
those who deny His deity take their stand with His murderers. 


Contents: Feeding the 5000. Walking on the sea. Discourse on the Bread 
of Life. Peter's confession of faith. 

Characters: God, Jesus, disciples, boy, Moses, Joseph. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ, the true Bread, is that to the soul which bread 
is to the body, nourishing and supporting the spiritual life. Our bodies 
could live better without food than our souls without Christ. Those who 
have received this Bread are to be the distributors of it to other hungry 

Key Word: Bread, vv. 5, 33. 

Strong Verses: 27, 29, 35, 37, 39, 40, 44, 51, 63. 

Striking Facts: v. 27. Jesus is sealed by God the Father as the Savior of 
*h world. By His anointing 1:32-34. By the voice from heaven 
12: 28-30. By His protection 7:28-30. By the character of His teach- 
ing 7:16-17. By the resurrection 20:19. 


Contents: Jesus urged to go to the feast. His final departure from Galilep- 
TPSUS at the feast of tabernacles. Prophecy concerning the Holy Spirit 

Characters: God. Jesus, Holy Spirit, disciples, brothers of Jesus, Moses. Phari- 
sees, David. Nicodemus. 

Conclusion: It is the comfort of those who embrace Christ's doctrine that it 
is a divine doctrine, proven so by the blessed experience of what He prom- 
ises. He is the source of the refreshing fountain of the Holy Spirit, which 
comes to replenish the soul that thirsts for Him, and to supply a fullness 
of life that overflows in blessing to other lives. 

Key Word: Water, vv. 37, 38. 

Strong Verses: 17, 37, 38, 39. 

Striking Facts: v. 12. Either Jesus was merely "a good man," a "deceiver" 
or what He claimed the divine Son of God. If He is not what He 

JOHN Page Thirty-One 

claimed, He cannot be a good man. Those who deny His deity therefore 
put Him on a level with the devil (Rev. 20:10). 


Contents: The woman taken in adultery. Discourse after the feast on Jesus 
as Light of the world. Satan, the original liar and murderer, and the 
Satanic brotherhood. 

Characters: Jesus, adulterous woman, Moses, Pharisees, scribes, Abraham, 

Conclusion: Jesus was the Light of the world, the image of the invisible God. 
Those shall have the light of life who follow Him, being guided away 
from destroying error and damning sin, and having that enjoyment of 
God which will be to them the light of spiritual life in this world and life 
everlasting in the world to come. All who will have God for their Father 
must discover Him through the Light of the world. 

Key Word: Light of the world, v. 12. 

Strong Verses: 7, 12, 32, 36, 42, 44, 47. 

Striking Facts: v. 18. Jesus Christ was witnessed to by the Father. He 
was taught by the Father v. 28. Attended by the Father v. 38. Sent 
by the Father v. 42. Honored by the Father v. 54. Known by the 
Father v. 55. The power of Christ over the lives of men throughout the 
centuries demonstrates to a conclusion that He is the one sealed by the 
Father as the Light of the world. 


Contents: Healing of the man born blind. The fault finding of unbelievers. 

Characters: Jesus, blind man, disciples, Pharisees, neighbors, Moses. 

Conclusion: The Lord Jesus Christ came into the world, not only to give 
light, but sight to those who could not behold light. The sight that He 
gives to trusting souls proves Him to be the One sent of God to be the 
true light of the world. Experience of His saving power is a safer teach- 
ing than reason, therefore let those whose eyes have been opened be bold 
to witness to a world that would explain away His power. 

Key Word: Light, vv. 7, 37. 

Strong Verses: 4, 31. 

Striking Facts: v. 39. Christ came into the world designedly to give sight 
to those that were spiritually blind, by His Word and Spirit to turn many 
from darkness to light. He came also that those who had a high conceit 
of their own wisdom, in contradiction to the divine revelation, might be 
sealed up in their infidelity. The Gospel is a savor of life unto life, or 
of death unto death. Blindness has happened to Israel. The Gentiles have 
seen a great light. 


Contents: Discourse on the Good Shepherd. Jesus' deity asserted. 

Characters: Jesus, God. 

Conclusion: God, our great owner, the sheep of whose pasture we are by 
creation, has constituted His Son, Jesus Christ, to be our Shepherd. He 
has all that care of His people that a good shepherd has of his flock. 
In His care, the true believer is eternally secure, for the hand that was 
wounded and the hand of our Creator close in omnipotent, double grasp 
upon him. 

Key Word: Shepherd, v. 11. 

Strong Verses: 9, 11, 14, 27, 28, 29. 

Striking Verses: v. 11. Jesus as our "Good Shepherd" died to save us. As 
our "Great Shepherd" He lives to guide us. Heb. 13:20. As the "Chief 
Shepherd" He is coming back to glorify us. 1 Peter 5:3. 


Contents: Raising of Lazarus. Enmity of the Pharisees against Jesus. 
Characters: Jesus, Lazarus, Mary, Martha, disciples, Pharisees, Thomas, 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ is the resurrection and the life the fountain of 

life and the head and author of the resurrection. Whoever, during life, 

Page Thirty-Two JOHN 

lives by faith in Him, is born again to a heavenly life, and though the 
body die, yet shall it live again at His word. 

Key Word: Lazarus raised, vv. 23, 44. 

Strong Verses: 25, 26, 40. 

Striking Facts: vv. 5-6. Jesus' delays in answer to prayer are not neces- 
sarily denials. He may delay because He loves us, and always for His 
own glory. Let us not, therefore, complain because we cannot under- 
stand His dealings, but trust in Him, knowing we shall see the glory 
of God. (v. 40.) 


Contents: The supper at Bethany. The triumphal entry. Jesus' answer to 

Characters: Jesus, Lazarus, Mary, Martha, disciples, Judas, Philip, Andrew, 
Isaiah, Pharisees. 

Conclusion: The most plentiful and powerful means of conviction will not 
of themselves work faith in the depraved and prejudiced hearts of men. 
Many hear, but few heed. Their final judgment is reserved to the last 
day, and the Word of Christ will judge them then and make them answer 
for all the contempts they have put upon Him. 

Key Word: Rejection, vv. 4, 11, 19, 38, 40, 48. 

Strong Verses: 25, 26, 32, 35, 46, 48. 

Striking Facts: v. 32. The cross of Jesus is the mightiest magnet in the 
universe. It is Christ that draws and Christ crucified. The increase 
of the church was after His death. While He lived we read of thousands 
miraculously fed, but after His death we read of thousands added to the 
church through a single sermon. Is there a greater proof of His divine 
authority today? 


Contents: Last Passover. Jesus washes disciples' feet. Betrayal foretold, also 
Peter's denial. 

Characters: Jesus, God, Judas, disciples, Peter, Satan. 

Conclusion: What was consistent with the dignity of the Lord Jesus Christ 
is much more consistent with ours, His servants. To sink is the way to 
rise. To serve in humility is the way to rule. Let us take heed lest 
Christ's condescensions to us and advancement of us, through our cor- 
rupt nature, cause us to think high thoughts of ourselves, or low thoughts 
of Him. 

Key Word: Humility, vv. 5, 14, 16. 

Strong Verses: 1 (b), 16, 34, 35. 

Striking Facts: vv. 3, 4, 5, 12, 16. Jesus "arose" from His place in glory, 
laid aside the garments of divine majesty. (Phil. 2:6-7.) Took the 
form of a "servant" (Phil. 2:7). Provides "cleansing" (John 15:3). 
Applies the cleansing water (Eph. 5:26). "Took His garments" again 
(John 17:5), and is seated. (Heb. 10:12.) 


Contents: Jesus foretells His second coming and promises the Holy Spirit to 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Thomas, disciples, Philip, Judas. 

Conclusion: Jesus is the way let us follow Him. Jesus is the truth let us 
build with confidence upon the precious truths of His comforting promises. 
Jesus is the life let us learn to abide in Him, the source of spiritual life, 
until He comes back to receive us to the prepared mansions above. 

Key Word: Peace, vv. 1, 27. 

Strong Verses: 2, 3/6, 12, 13, 14, 21, 23, 26, 27. 

Striking Facts: v. 16. The word "Comforter" means "one called alongside 
to help." The Holy Spirit is the indwelling representative of Christ on the 
earth. It is He who guides us into the truth concerning Christ, forms 
Christ's purposes in our hearts, and even prays through us. (Rom. 8:26.) 


Contents: Jesus' discourse on the vine and the branches. The believer and 

the world. 
Characters: God, Jesus, disciples. 

JOHN Page Thirty-Three 

Conclusion: Jesus is the true vine, in which the life of believers, as abiding 
branches, is hid. Abiding in Him, the believer is able to walk in purity 
of life, with Christ sharing in all the interests of his life, taking all bur- 
dens to Him, and drawing all wisdom and strength from Him. It is only 
the abiding life that bears fruit to the glory of the Father. 

Key Word: Abiding, v. 4. 

Strong Verses: 4, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20, 26. 

Striking Facts: Christ proved His love to the world by laying down His 
life for it (1 John 3:16) in redemption work. His love to us should 
ever be the standard of measure of our love to others in service for Him. 


Contents: Warning of persecutions. The promise of the Spirit and His 
three-fold work. Jesus talks of His death, resurrection and second 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, God, disciples. 

Conclusion: The sending of the Holy Spirit was the fruit of Christ's purchase 
on the cross and an answer to His intercession within the veil a proof 
of the acceptance of His finished work with the Father. He is the com- 
panion of the true believer in every place and at all times, whereas Christ's 
corporal presence could be in but one place at a time. As to unbelievers, 
the Holy Spirit proves sin upon them because of their rejection of Christ, 
and warns of judgment. To the believer, He is the constant helper and the 
revealer of the things of Christ. 

Key Word: Holy Spirit, v. 7. 

Strong Verses: 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 22, 23, 27, 33. 


Contents: Jesus' prayer of intercession. 

Characters: God, Jesus, disciples, Judas. 

Conclusion: If God be our Father, we have an intercessor to appear for us 
continually to guarantee our safe delivery to the haven above and our 
keeping along the way. He prays not for the world but for those who are 
His, that they might be preserved in their salvation, that they might have 
His joy, that they might be fortified against the evils of the world, that 
they might be purified through His Word, that they might manifest 
oneness with Him, that they might be edified in Him and at last behold 
His glory. 

Key Word: Intercession, v. 9. 

Strong Verses: 3, 11, 17, 18, 21, 24. 

Striking Facts: This prayer, to which there is no "Amen" attached, is be- 
lieved to be typical of that perfect intercession of our High Priest in 
heaven. (Heb. 7:25.) One who has the support of this prayer, as a true 
child of God, cannot be lost. Peter, when he fell, was kept by the inter- 
cession of Jesus. Judas (v. 12), when he fell, fell eternally, not being a 
true believer (John 6:70-71). 


Contents: Jesus' betrayal and arrest. Peter's denial. Jesus condemned and 
Barabbas released. 

Characters: Jesus, Judas, priests, officers, Pharisees, Peter, Malchus, Annas, 
Caiaphas, Pilate, Barabbas, a damsel. 

Conclusion: Our Lord Jesus, having put on the armor of prayer, went forth 
to face the great conflict with Satanic hatred and the sin of the world. 
Betrayed, misunderstood and denied by those of His own familiar friends, 
He, the perfect One, was handed over into wicked hands, to face alone the 
condemnation of a guilty world, that those who should believe upon Him 
might not be condemned. 

Key Word: Betrayal and arrest, vv. 2, 3. 

Strong Verses: 11, 37 (b). 

Striking Facts: v. 1. In Eden's garden, the first Adam sinned. In Geth- 
semane's garden, the second Adam suffered and prayed. In Eden all was 
delightful and bright here all was painful and dark. In Eden there 

Page Thirty-Four JOHN 

was disobedience and the first Adam hid. Here there was perfect obed- 
ience, and the second Adam presented Himself as the spotless Lamb of 
God, ready for sacrifice. 


Contents: Pilate brings Jesus before the multitude. The rejection of the 

Savior and the crucifixion. His entombment. 
Characters: Jesus, Pilate, soldiers, Jesus' mother, His aunt, wife of Cleophas, 

Mary Magdalene, Joseph, Nicodemus. 
Conclusion: Only Scripture itself can conclude this scene. Isa. 53 (whole 


Key Word: Crucifixion, v. 18. 
Strong Verses: 4 (b), 17, 18, 30. 
Striking Facts: The death of Jesus fulfilled every sacrificial ceremony of the 

Old Testament. He was the "passover lamb." As the blood of the Old 

Testament sacrifice was sprinkled seven times (Num. 19:1-10), so there 

was a seven-fold sprinkling of the blood of Jesus in His crucifixion. 1. 

Scourged 19:1. 2. Thorns 19:2; 3-4. Each hand pierced. 5-6. 

Each foot pierced. 7. The spear thrust v. 34. 


Contents: Resurrection of Christ. 

Characters: Mary Magdalene, Peter, John, two angels, Jesus, disciples, 

Conclusion: He who gave His life as a ransom resumed His life again by the 
mighty power of God, proving the acceptability of His sacrifice as a satis- 
faction for sin, with the Father, and offering to all who should trust in 
Him, the peace of God that passes all understanding. 

Key Word: Resurrection, v. 14. 

Strong Verses: 21, 29 (b), 31. 

Striking Facts: v. 31. This verse defines the purpose of God's Word the 
demonstrating of the deity of Jesus Christ and the efficacy of His salva- 


Contents: The risen Christ surprises the disciples and directs their fishing. 
Peter given opportunity to reaffirm His allegiance to Christ. 

Characters: Jesus, disciples, Peter, Thomas, John. 

Conclusion: In those disappointments which to us are very grievous, our 
Master often has designs that are very gracious. They are happy and 
successful in their work who know how to take hints from Him, for 
nothing can be lost but much gained by following His orders. 

Before Christ can commit His sheep to our care, He would have us 
examine the love of our hearts toward Him. If we would try whether 
we are true disciples of His, let us ask ourselves the question, "Do we 
really love Jesus?" 

Key Word: Service (v. 6) and love (v. 15). 

Strong Verses: 15, 16, 17. 

Striking Facts: v. 25. The truth about Jesus Christ could never be ex- 
hausted. Jesus never spoke an idle word nor did an idle thing. He 
wrought probably thousands of miracles of which we have no record. 
All that is needful for our salvation is written. The ages of eternity will 
reveal the wonders of the life of the Son of God. 

BOOK OF THE ACTS Page Thirty-Five 


Key Thought: Number 


of Chapters: 


Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

1 : 8 Ascended Lord 
and Christ. 

Writer of the Book: 



A. D. 65 

Conclusion of the Book: 

The work that Jesus 
"began" to do was, and 
is, continued by Him 
through the Holy Spirit. 



Contents: Resurrection ministry of Christ. The apostolic commission. Prom- 
ise of the Lord's second coming. Waiting for the coming of the Spirit. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Spirit, Luke, Theophilus, John the Baptist, disciples, 
Mary, Peter, David, Judas, Joseph, Matthias. 

Conclusion: Waiting on God for the anointing of the Spirit is the great con- 
dition of spiritual blessing and fullness of power. Those whom Jesus 
Christ employs as His witnesses He will qualify for it by a better spirit 
than their own the Holy Spirit, His representative. 

Key Word: Tarrying, vv. 4, 8, 14. 

Strong Verses: 7, 8, 11. 

Striking Facts: v. 11. This is one of the most definite promises of the 
second coming in the Scriptures. This "same Jesus" not another (John 
14:16), is coming "in like manner" as He went up in the clouds visibly. 
This could not have been fulfilled in the coming of the Spirit at Pentecost. 


Contents: Holy Spirit's coming on day of Pentecost. The gospel given to 
the Jews. Peter's great sermon on the resurrected Christ, and the con- 
viction of the people. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, disciples, Peter, Joel, David. 

Conclusion: Upon Jesus Christ's return to heaven, He poured forth the Holy 
Spirit upon His own, proving His arrival there as the crucified Lamb of 
God, and distinguishing His followers as messengers from heaven. The 
fullness of the Holy Spirit is necessary to a true understanding of the 
Scriptures and to the presenting of Jesus the Christ in convicting power 
to unsaved men. 

Key Word: Holy Ghost, v. 4. Witnessing, v. 14. 

Strong Verses: 21, 23, 24, 33, 36, 38, 39. 

Striking Facts: vv. 32-34. Three conclusive proofs are here given that Jesus 
Christ arose from the dead. 1. He was seen by the disciples. 2. The 
Holy Spirit has come upon men, and this promise was conditioned by 
Jesus upon His resurrection. 3. The prophecies declared He must not 
see corruption. 


Contents: The lame man healed at the temple gate. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Peter, John, lame man, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Pilate, 
Moses, Samuel. 

Conclusion: The hand of compassion, extended by Spirit-filled men, in the 
name of Jesus Christ, the risen Lord, is fraught with power to lift men 
heavenward. The cures of Christ are visible to all let men therefore 
know that He who was crucified was none other than the Prince of Life. 

Key Word: Power of Christ, vv. 8, 12, 16. 

Strong Verses: 15, 18, 19, 26. 

Striking Facts: v. 15. They preserved a murderer, a destroyer of life, and 
thought to destroy the Saviour, the author of life. But God raised Him 
from the dead, proving that in fighting against Jesus, they were fighting 
against God. The doctrine of Jesus Christ was thereby confirmed, and the 
reproach of His sufferings was rolled away. 

Page Thirty -Six ACTS 


Contents: The first persecution. Peter's address to the Sanhedrin. Preaching 

in Jesus' name forbidden. Christians again filled with the Spirit. State of 

the Church at Jerusalem. 
Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Peter, priests, captain, Sadducees, elders, 

scribes, Annas, Alexander, lame man, John, David, Herod, Pilate, Moses. 
Conclusion: The more resolute are Christ's servants to witness of Him, the 

more spiteful will be the agents of Satan therefore, let Satan's agents 

be ever so spiteful, Christ's witnesses must be resolute, for the Holy Spirit 

may be counted upon to enable them to do their part. Persecution gives 

wings to the truth. 
KeyWord: Persecution, vv. 3, 29. 
Strong Verses: 11, 12, 20, 31. 
Striking Facts: v. 12. Those are eternally undone who do not take shelter 

in the name of Jesus Christ and make it their refuge and strong tower. 

Only by embracing Him and Him only, receiving His doctrine, is there 

salvation for any. 


Contents: Sin and death of Ananias and Sapphira. The second persecution 
and answer of apostles to their persecutors. Warning of Gamaliel. Apos- 
tles beaten. 

Characters: God, Holy Spirit, Ananias, Sapphira, apostles, Satan, Peter, priest, 
Sadducees, officers, Gamaliel, Theudas. 

Conclusion: Beware of going to greater length in profession than the inner 
life will stand being ambitious to be counted religious and liberal while 
secretly cherishing selfish motives-^for this is lending oneself to Satan 
and lying, not merely to men, but to the Holy Ghost, a great affront to 

Never does good work go on in the name of Jesus Christ but it is met 
with opposition, for Satan, the destroyer of men, will ever be an adversary 
to those who are benefactors to men. We may cheerfully trust God with 
our safety, so long as we keep close to the will of God and trust in Christ 
our leader. 

Key Word: Lying (to Holy Ghost), vv. 3, 9. Persecution, vv. 18, 33, 40. 

Strong Verses: 29, 31, 32, 39, 42. 

Striking Facts: v. 31. God has invested Christ with the highest dignity and 
entrusted Him with the highest authority. It is He alone who is author- 
ized to give repentance and remission to men. The new heart is His work, 
the broken spirit a sacrifice of His providing, the putting away of sin His 
task alone. 


Contents: The first deacons. Third persecution. Stephen before the council. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, apostles, Stephen, Philip, Prochorus, 
Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, Nicolas, priests, Moses, elders, scribes. 

Conclusion: Those who are called to preach the Word of God must not 
neglect this special ministry for church activities that should be carried 
on by others. Those engaged in the work of Christ's church regardless of 
how menial may be their task, must be free from scandal, men that can 
be trusted, possessed of discretion and filled with the Holy Ghost. 

Key Word: Deacons, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 4. 


Contents: Address of Stephen before the council. Stephen martyred. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Stephen, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, 
Pharaoh, Moses, Pharaoh's daughter, Aaron, Solomon, Saul. 

Conclusion: Those who are filled with the Holy Ghost and the Word of God 
cannot but speak boldly against sin, and they will be made fit for anything, 
either to act for Christ or to suffer for Him. As their afflictions for Christ 
abound, their consolation in Him may yet more abound. Let us as we 
witness look constantly to Christ that we may be ever set above the fear 
of man. 

Key Word: Testimony, v. 1. Martyrdom, v. 59. 

ACTS Page Thirty-Seven 

Strong Verses: 52, 55, 56. 

Striking Facts: v. 56. Col. 3:1 tells us when Jesus ascended, He sat down 
in heaven. Stephen sees Him standing. He stood to welcome to heaven 
the first martyr. He will stand again when the hour of the rapture of 
the Church is at hand. 


Contents: Saul persecuting Christians. The first missionaries. The case 
of Simon, the sorcerer. Philip and the Ethiopian. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Saul, Stephen, Philip, Simon, apostles, 
Peter, John, angels, Ethiopian, Isaiah. 

Conclusion: Where Jesus Christ is preached and the gospel is embraced, 
Satan is forced to quit his hold of men, and those are restored to their 
right mind who, while they were blinded by Satan, were distracted and 
dissatisfied. The bringing of Christ's gospel to any place or individual is 
a matter of great joy to that place or person. 

Key Word: Preaching Christ, vv. 4, 5, 12, 25, 35, 40. 

Strong Verses: 4, 20, 37. 

Striking Facts: v. 37. A short but comprehensive confession of faith. The 
deity of Jesus Christ is the principal doctrine of Christianity, and those 
who believe it with all their hearts and confess it are to be baptized 
and only those. 


Contents: Conversion of Saul of Tarsus. Paul preaches and visits Jerusalem 
and returns to Tarsus. Peter heals Aeneas. Tabitha raised from the 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Saul, disciples, high priest, Ananias, Judas, 
Barnabas, Peter, Aeneas, Dorcas, Simon. 

Conclusion: There is no need to despair of the conversion of those who com- 
mit the worst outrages against Christianity, for the power of the Lord 
Jesus is able to break down the stubborn will of one who is at the same 
time chief of legalists and chief of sinners. God chooses the instruments 
He would employ in His service, and is able to fit them for His designs by 
the power of His Spirit. 

Key AVord: Saul, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 5. 

Striking Facts: v. 20. One who has been filled with the Holy Ghost is 
sure to preach Christ, that He is the Son of God. 


Contents: Peter opens the gospel door to the Gentiles. Cornelius sends for 
Peter and Peter goes to Caesarea. Peter's sermon to Gentiles in Cor- 
nelius' house. Holy Spirit comes upon Gentile believers. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Cornelius, angel, Peter, Simon, 3 mes- 
sengers, John. 

Conclusion: In Jesus Christ, neither circumcision nor uncircumcision availeth 
anything, for by His finished work, the door of the gospel has been opened 
to "whosoever believeth." Whatever nation one may be of, though far 
remote from the seed of Abraham, though ever so despicable, that will 
be no prejudice to him, if he will receive God's appointed sacrifice for the 
remission of sins. 

Key Word: Gentiles called, vv. 34-35. 

Strong Verses: 15, 34, 35, 43. 

Striking Facts: vv. 42-43. All men shall be accountable to Jesus Christ as 
Judge if they will not receive Him as Savior. He alone determines the 
everlasting condition of all men at the great day. Those who believe in 
His Name may rest assured that there will be no condemnation for them. 


Contents: Peter vindicates his ministry to the Gentiles. Name "Christians" 

first applied at Antioch. 
Characters: Jesus, Spirit, Peter, angel, John, Stephen, Barnabas, Saul, Aga- 

bus, Caesar. 
Conclusion: As Christians travel the Gospel spreads, and where God's Word 

Page Thirty-Eight ACTS 

takes root, the hand of the Lord goes with it to give the tokens of His 
good will and the evidences of His work among them by the Holy Spirit. 

Key Word: Antioch Christians, vv. 22, 26. 

Strong Verses: 23. 

Striking Facts: v. 26. The name "Christians" cannot be, as some claim, a 
nickname. The Holy Spirit would not draw attention to the epithets of 
a jeering crowd and let it pass down the centuries as their accredited name. 
The name was certainly divinely chosen, for it puts emphasis on "Christ" 
(anointed One) rather than the human name of our Lord, in which case 
we would have been called "Jesuits." 


Contents: Persecutions of the church and arrest of Peter. Prayer for his 
deliverance and his miraculous release. Death of Herod. 

Characters: Jesus, Herod, James, Peter, 2 soldiers, angel, Mary, Mark, Rhoda, 
Blastus, Barnabas, Saul. 

Conclusion: Times of public distress and danger should be especially praying 
times for the church. However God's people are surrounded, there is al- 
ways a way open heavenward, nor can the strongest bars intercept His 
power. God is able to do exceeding abundantly above all we ask or think. 

Key Word: Delivered, v. 11. 

Strong Verses: 5. 


Contents: Paul and Barnabas called. Satanic opposition from a sorcerer. 
Paul's sermon in the synagogue at Antioch. Opposition from Jews. Paul 
and Barnabas turn to Gentiles. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Barnabas, Simeon, Lucius, Manaen, 
Herod, Paul, Bar-jesus, Sergius Paulus, Satan, Mark, Saul, David, John 
the Baptist, Abraham, Pilate. 

Conclusion: Those who have been separated to Christ and the Holy Ghost 
will have the presence of the Holy Ghost with them to strengthen them, 
carry forward their work and give success to the Word preached. Those 
thus called may venture upon the stormy sea of persecution for Christ's 
sake as if it was a quiet harbor, having great joy in the sowing of the 
Word and confidence that He will bless it to His own glory. 

Key Word: Word published, vv. 5, 44, 49. 

Strong Verses: 26, 38, 39, 47. 

Striking Facts: v. 33. The resurrection of Jesus Christ was the great proof 
of His being the Son of God with power, and was the confirmation of all 
that was prophesied about Him, and the ratification of His divine commis- 
sions. His resurrection is proven v. 31. 


Contents: Work of the Gospel at Iconium, Derbe, Lystra. An impotent man 
at Lystra healed. Paul stoned. Elders appointed in the churches. 

Characters: God, Paul, Barnabas, impotent man, priest of Jupiter. 

Conclusion: Those who speak boldly in the Lord need not think it strange, if 
the preaching of the Gospel occasions divisions, nor be offended by the 
insults heaped upon them by embittered and convicted spirits. They shall 
be made strong in the Lord and in the power of His might, and God shall 
confirm their testimony in granting wonders to be done by their hands. 

Key Word: Giving testimony, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 22. 

Striking Facts: v. 15. There is only one man who can, without idolatry, be 
worshiped Jesus, the Christ who was "God manifest in the flesh." "Thou 
shalt worship the Lord thy God and Him only." 


Contents: The council at Jerusalem and the question of circumcision. Paul's 

second missionary journey. Silas chosen. 
Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Moses, Paul, Barnabas, apostles, elders, 

Pharisees, Peter, James, Simeon, David, Judas, Silas, Mark. 
Conclusion: Those who are ever so well taught have need to stand upon their 

guard that they be not untaught again, and having known liberty in Christ 

Jesus should again be brought into bondage to law which cannot save. 

ACTS Page Thirty-Nine 

In a multitude of counsellors there is safety and satisfaction if the coun- 
sellors are men whom God has approved and who are instructed in His 
Word. When serious differences in regard to God's Word arise, let men 
of God come together in solemn meeting for prayer and mutual advice. 

Key Word: Council, vv. 6, 25. 

Strong Verses: 11, 14, 18. 

Striking Facts: v. 14. This is one of the most important passages in the 
New Testament, stating the divine program for the church in this dispen- 
sation. It is not the conversion of the world through the different agen- 
cies of reform, but the taking out of the world of an elect people who shall 
make up the Body or Bride of Christ. The Gospel everywhere calls out 
some, but it never, in any place, has been known to convert all, and nothing 
of this order is to be expected in this age. The work of the church is 
soul winning. 


Contents: Paul finds Timothy. Paul's Macedonian vision. The first convert 
in Europe. Demons cast out of a damsel. Paul and Silas beaten. Con- 
version of the Philippian jailer. 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Paul, Timothy, Lydia, a damsel, Silas, prison 
keeper, magistrates, sergeants. 

Conclusion: The movements of God's servants and the dispensing of the means 
of grace by them are in a particular manner under a divine guidance and 
direction, and those who are under the check and conduct of the Spirit, 
though they be called upon to suffer much for Jesus' sake, may be sure 
God will in some way get glory to Himself by their testimony and perse- 

Key Word: Called (v. 10) and kept (vv. 25, 27). 

Strong Verses: 31. 

Striking Facts: v. 31. Here is the sum of the whole Gospel, the covenant of 
grace in a nutshell. It is the only way to salvation. Admit the record 
that God has given in His Gospel concerning His Son, assent to it as faith- 
ful and worthy of acceptation, receive Jesus Christ as He is offered to us 
in the Gospel, and give up yourself to be saved and ruled by Him. 


Contents: Founding of church at Thessalonica and the Jewish opposition. 
Paul and Silas at Berea. Paul at Athens and the sermon from Mars' hill. 

Characters: Christ, Paul, Silas, Jason, Caesar, philosophers, Dionysius, Da- 

Conclusion: The doctrine of Christ does not fear a scrutiny, but will be borne 
out fully by the light of all Scripture. Those who reason from the Scrip- 
tures concerning "Christ crucified" may expect not only that God will 
incline some to make use of the means of grace by searching the Scrip- 
tures for themselves, but that the enmity of the restless agents of Satan 
will be aroused. Nevertheless, by seeking to extinguish the divine fire, 
enemies will but spread it the farther a ad faster. 

Key Word: (Scriptural) Reasoning, vv. 2, 1L, 22. 

Strong Verses: 11, 24, 25, 26, 28, 31. 

Striking Facts: v. 3. The scope of all preaching is to point to Jesus Christ 
as the One who made atonement and was resurrected for the justification 
of all who will believe. Jesus must be the subject of all preaching, and 
our business is to bring people to acquaintance with Him. 


Contents: Paul at Corinth. The careless Gallio. Paul takes a Jewish vow. 
Apollos at Ephesus. 

Characters: Jesus, Paul, Aquila, Priscilla, Claudius, Silas, Timothy, Justus, 
Crispus, Gallio, Sosthenes, Apollos, John the Baptist. 

Conclusion: Let the Gospel be propagated, not by force, but by fair argument, 
meeting the reasonings of sinners with ready answers from the Scriptures. 
It is always our duty to testify with all solemnity to Christ's deity, espe- 
cially where men speak reproachful!?; of Him, thus making ourselves 
clean from the blood of their souls. Those who have Christ with them 
need not shrink from pleading the cause of heaven with boldness. 

Page Forty ACTS 

Key Word: Testifying (v. 5) and reasoning (vv. 4, 19). 

Strong Verses: 9, 10. 

Striking Facts: vv. 5, 28. Too much cannot be said of the necessity, in our 
preaching or witnessing, of preaching "not ourselves, but Christ Jesus, the 
Lord," teaching men from the Scriptures the great fundamental doctrine 
of His deity. 


Contents: Paul at Ephesus. Disciples of John the Baptist become Christians. 
Paul in the synagogue and in the school of Tyrannus. Paul's miracles. 
Uproar of the silversmiths. 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Apollos, Paul, John the Baptist, Tyrannus, 
Sceva, his seven sons, Timothy, Erastus, Demetrius, Gaius, Aristarchus. 

Conclusion: Let Christ's witnesses speak undauntedly with holy resolution, 
as those who have not the least doubt of the things they speak of, nor the 
least distrust of the power of Him they speak from, nor the least dread of 
those they speak to. While some will oppose the Gospel because it calls 
many off from their sinful employments, it will lead many to true contri- 
tion for sin and confession of Christ. 

Key Word: Disputing and persuading, v. 8. 

Strong Verses: 18. 

Striking Facts: vv. 10, 20. The Gospel is Christ's Word. To preach from the 
Scriptures without preaching Christ is to miss the result in v. 20, the pre- 
vailing mightily in the hearts of men. It is Christ in our preaching Who 
goes on conquering and to conquer. 


Contents: Paul goes to Macedonia and Greece. His visits at Troas, Miletus. 
Paul's conference with the Ephesian elders. 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Paul, Sopater, Aristarchus, Secundus, Gaius, 
Timothy, Tychicus, Trophimus, Eutychus, elders. 

Conclusion: As witnesses of the grace of God through Jesus Christ, we ought 
not to hold our lives of any account to ourselves in comparison with ac- 
complishing our course and declaring the whole counsel of God. Being our- 
selves made pure by the blood of the Son of Man, it behooves us to make 
ourselves pure from the blood of the sons of men. 

Key Word: Testifying, vv. 21, 24. 

Strong Verses: 20, 24, 27, 28, 32, 35. 

Striking Facts: v. 28. The priceless cost of redemption is here seen the 
blood of God. See 1 Tim. 3:16. Christ's deity is thereby asserted. His 
blood was of infinite value being God's blood. 


Contents: Holy Spirit forbids Paul to go to Jerusalem. Paul goes to Jerusa- 
lem. Paul takes a Jewish vow. Seized in the temple by the Jews and 
bound with chains. 

Characters: Paul, Holy Spirit, Philip, his four daughters, Manson, James, 
Moses, Trophimus, police captain. 

Conclusion: Disregard of any details of the leading of the Holy Spirit leads 
into a multitude of difficulties that might have been avoided. God often 
protests the most devoted acts of some of His servants, even acts of self 
sacrifice, and would save them from bringing their greater usefulness to an 
abrupt end; nevertheless He is able to overrule their mistakes and bring 
good out of them to men and glory to Himself. 

Key Word: Warnings disregarded, vv. 4, 11, 14. 

Strong Verses: 13. 

Striking Facts: v. 36. As men cried "Crucify Him" and "away with Him" 
at Christ Himself, though they could not say what evil He had done, so 
they will often treat His ambassadors and -desire to chase them out of the 


Contents: Paul's defense before the multitude. Recounts his conversion. 
Characters: God, Jesus, Paul, Ananias, chief captain. 

Conclusion: God's servants who are set upon with rage and fury because 
of their teachings concerning Christ cannot offer a better defense of their 

ACTS Page Forty-One 

doctrine than to relate their own vital experience with the saving power 

of Jesus Christ. Christianity is not an argument but a life. 
Key Word: Experience, v. 3. 
Strong Verses: 16. 
Striking Facts: v. 14. There is a three-fold preparation for the service of 

Christ. 1. To know His will. 2. To have a vision of Christ, the Just 

One, crucified. 3. To hear His voice. 


Contents: Paul before the Sanhedrin. The conspiracy to kill Paul and its 
defeat. Paul sent to Felix. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Paul, Ananias, Pharisees, Sadduces, Paul's sister's 
son, centurion, chief captain, Lysias, Felix. 

Conclusion: Many are the troubles of the righteous, but some way or other, 
the Lord delivereth them out of them all. God is able to bring the hidden 
things to light and make conspirators' own tongues betray them, and above 
all to make the persecutions of His servants to turn to the wider spread 
of the Gospel. 

Key Word: Dissension (v. 7) and conspiracy (v. 13). 

Strong Verses: 11. 

Striking Facts: It is the will of Christ that His servants should often suffer 
with Him, but in their trials He would have them to be "cheerful," and in 
the consciousness of His presence, how can one be otherwise? If He is with 
us, all secular events will be ordered to give opportunity to witness for 


Contents: Paul accused before Felix, and his defense. 

Characters: Ananias, elders, Tertullus, Felix, Paul, Lysias, Drusilla, Festus. 

Conclusion: Every false cause can find men of sharp wits to plead it. The 
truest Christian life is no fence against the hatred of the rejectors of Christ 
(John 15:18), but if God's servants can speak with the language of a clear 
conscience, they need have no fear. "The angel of the Lord encampeth 
round about them." 

Key Word: Accused, v. 2. 

Strong Verses: 16. 

Striking Facts: v. 14. It is nothing new for the Scriptural and right way to 
worship to be called "heresy." Jesus Christ Himself was called a heretic. 


Contents: Paul before Festus. His appeal to Caesar. 

Characters: Jesus, Festus, high priest, Paul, Caesar, Agrippa, Bernice. 

Conclusion: It is nothing for the most excellent ones of the earth to have all 
manner of evil said against them falsely for Christ's sake and to be repre- 
sented even in courts as odious and harmful to society. Nevertheless God 
is able to make men's worldly policies serve His own purpose (Psa. 76:10), 
and when enemies think to block the gates of the Gospel, He is able to 
open them wider. 

Key W T ord: Falsely accused, vv. 5, 7. 

Strong Verses: 11. 

Striking Facts: v. 19. What Paul affirmed concerning Jesus Christ, that He 
is alive, is a matter of such vast importance, that if it be not true, we are 
all undone. Yet many men today treat the subject slightly as did this 


Contents: Paul's defense before Agrippa. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Paul, Agrippa, Satan, Festus, Bernice, Caesar. 

Conclusion: When God's servant is given a chance to speak for himself, it is 
well if he may speak for Christ instead, nor need he be ashamed of the 
Gospel of Christ in any company. Though they answer with scorn and 
contempt, it is certain that God will in some way use the testimony for I 

Key Word: Defense, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 8, 18, 28, 29. 

Page Forty-Two ACTS 

Striking Facts: v. 23. Three great Gospel fundamentals to be continually 
emphasized. 1. That Jesus Christ was appointed to suffering and the 
cross. 2. That He should be the chief of the resurrection, making way 
for the resurrection of the saints. 3. That He arose to show a light to 
those in darkness, and by the power of His resurrection to give convincing 
proof of the truth of His doctrine. 


Contents: Paul sent to Rome. The hurricane. God's assurance to Paul in 
the storm, and his safe landing. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Paul, Julius, centurion, angel, Caesar. 

Conclusion: Worldly men insist on being guided by human prudence, but the 
Christian who is in communion with Jesus, the great Pilot, may know more 
about sailing than any unpraying Captain could ever know. Since God has 
promised to be faithful to His own in the storms, let them be cheerful in 
the storms, knowing that while He has work for them to do, no difficulty 
can get in the way. 

Key Word: Storm, v. 14. 

Strong Verses: 23, 25. 

Striking Facts: What Paul was in the ship, Christians should be in the world. 
If Christ is the senior member of our firm, we shall be able in the midst 
of the storms of earth to take upon ourselves great responsibilities, and 
by the power of prayer to save many a situation to the glory of God. 


Contents: The landing at Melita. Miracle of the viper's bite. Healing of 
Publius' father. Paul's arrival at Rome and his ministry there to the Jews. 
Paul turns to the Gentiles. 

Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Paul, Publius, Captain, Centurion, soldier, 
Caesar, Moses. 

Conclusion: Wherever in the providence of God the Christian is put, he is 
placed there to do a work for God and to represent Jesus Christ. Blessing 
may come to thousands out of seeming calamity that befalls God's true 
servants. God's ways are past finding out, but let His servant be confident 
always in His promises and ready to do every good work wherever the 
waves of events may land him. 

KeyWord: Healing (v. 9) and teaching (v. 31). 

Strong Verses: 25, 26, 27, 28. 

Striking Facts: v. 31. Paul stuck to his text "Jesus Christ" to the end. Let 
those who are tempted to diverge from that which is their main business 
to "preach not ourselves but Christ" ask themselves of what concern it 
is to Jesus Christ and His kingdom, to preach anything but HIM. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Justification 16 1:17 Lord of Righteousness 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

Justification is by faith 
without works, and is 

Paul About A. D. 60 the righteousness of 

Christ imputed to the 
believer, wherein he is 
made eternally safe. 



Contents: Words of comfort to the church at Rome. The universe a revela- 
tion of the power and deity of God. The deplorable condition of a lost 

Characters: God, Jesus, Paul. 

Conclusion: God has made Himself known to all men by the things of His 
creation. Though men know He exists and might infer that it was their 
duty to worship Him only, they glorify Him not as God, but ascribe deity 
to the most contemptible of creatures and give themselves over to vile affec- 
tions. Those who thus dishonor Him, will be given up eventually to dis- 
honor themselves. 

Key Word: Carnality, v. 24. 

Strong Verses: 4, 16, 19, 20, 21. 

Striking Facts: v. 4. The demonstration of the deity of Jesus Christ is His 
resurrection from the dead. The sign of the prophet Jonah (Matt. 12:39) 
was intended for the last conviction. Those who will not be convinced 
by that will not be convinced by anything. 


Contents: The equal standing of Jew and Gentile before the justice of God. 
Morality apart from Christ useless as means of salvation. Jews knowing 
the law condemned by the law. 

Characters: God. 

Conclusion: All men, Jew or Gentile, good or bad, are under doom for break- 
ing the righteous law of God the heathen who are sinners and know it 
(1:18-32) the self-righteous who think they need no salvation (2:1-11), 
and the religionist who makes a mere profession (2:17-29) all stand on 
the same level before the justice of God and all in need of the salvation 
God has provided. 

Key Word: No partiality (No respect of persons )v. 11. 

Strong Verses: 4, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12. 

Striking Facts: v. 4. The riches of His goodness are described in Eph, 1:7 
"redemption through the blood of Christ and forgiveness of sins according 
to the riches of His grace." However moral or religious a man be, if he 
has despised this divine plan he is lost. 


Contents: The common guilt of both Jew and Gentile. Justification by faith, 
not by the law. 

Characters: God, Jesus. 

Conclusion: The sum of all sin is coming short of the glory of God for which 
we were created therefore all the world stands guilty before God, unable 
by any works to gain acceptance with God. Justification before God is 
resolved thereby purely into the free grace of God through Jesus Christ 
to all who will receive it as a free gift. 

Key Word: All under sin, v. 9. 

Strong Verses: 4, 10, 11, 12, 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26. 

Striking Facts: v. 22. The gospel excludes none that do not exclude them- 

Page Forty-Four ROMANS 

selves by refusing to appropriate the finished work of Jesus Christ. The 
best brand of self-righteousness will not stand before God. We must wear 
the righteousness which God has ordained and which is brought in by 
His Son. All men alike are welcome to God through Jesus Christ. He 
has but one plan of salvation. 


Contents: Abraham justified by faith, not works. Justifying faith defined. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Abraham, David, Sarah. 

Conclusion: No man can pretend to merit eternal life, nor show any worth 
in his work which may answer such a reward. Disclaiming any pretension 
he must cast himself wholly upon the free grace of God by faith in the 
redemptive work of Jesus Christ. To such a one faith is counted for 

Key Word: Justifying faith, v. 5. 

Strong Verses: 5, 7, 8, 16, 25. 

Striking Facts: vv. 24-25. Christ's death and resurrection are the two main 
hinges on which the door of salvation turns. He was delivered as our 
sacrifice for sin. He was raised for the perfecting and completing of our 


Contents: The results of justification. Life and righteousness through Jesus 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Adam, Moses. 

Conclusion: Justification through faith in Jesus Christ takes away guilt and 
so makes way for peace, and gives access into the wondrous grace of God. 
Through Jesus Christ alone the believer comes into fullness of joy, being 
saved from wrath, solaced in His love, not only going to heaven, but go- 
ing triumphantly. 

Key Word: Justification, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 1, 5, 6, 8, 10, 19. 

Striking Facts: v. 10. The dying Jesus laid the foundation, satisfying for 
sin, but it is the living Jesus that perfects the work He lives to make 
intercession. By His death He saves from penalty by His life from the 
power of sin. 


Contents: Deliverance from the power of indwelling sin by counting the old 
life dead, and yielding to the new life. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: It is an abuse of the grace of God in Christ for the believer to 
think he can sin because he is justified by faith. We must cease from 
the acts of sin, denying the fleshly life the scepter over us, and surrender 
the soul to the conduct and command of the righteous law of God that our 
members may be instruments of righteousness unto God. 

Key Word: Dead to sin, v. 2. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 6, 11, 12, 13, 16, 22, 23. 

Striking Facts: vv. 3-6. The manner of Christ's baptism is a figure of the 
believer's spiritual burial and resurrection. Immersion symbolizes the 
entrance by the gateway of Christ's death into the domain of His right- 
eousness and resurrection life, and is the expression of the baptized one's 
faith that God has taken him from among the dead and given him new- 
ness of life. 


Contents: The conflict of the flesh with the spiritual nature. Impossibility 
of victory through the law. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: The function of the law is to detect and condemn sin, not to 
deliver from it. In the life of the believer there will ever be conflict be- 
tween grace and corruption fn the heart, between the law of God and the 
law of sin. Who shall deliver us? Jesus Christ is the all-sufficient Saviour 
and Friend, who has not only purchased our deliverance, but is our advo- 
cate in Heaven, through Whom we may be made victorious. 

ROMANS Page Forty-Five 

Key Word: Sold under sin, v. 14. 

Strong Verses: 4, 12, 13, 23, 24, 25. 

Striking Facts: The believer upon acceptance of Christ receives a spiritual 
nature which begins at once strife with the Adamic nature, which is not 
eradicated until we stand in Christ's presence. The strife is effectually 
taken up on the believer's behalf by the Holy Spirit, and if the believer 
will but yield to Him in the hour of conflict, He will take the victory 
(8:2; Gal. 5:16-17). 


Contents: The new law of the Holy Spirit in the believer, giving deliverance 
from sinful nature. The full result of the Gospel in the believer and his 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: It is the unspeakable comfort of all those who are in Christ 
Jesus that no condemnation remains to them, and that the indwelling 
Spirit does in the believer what the law never could do. He gives deliv- 
erance from the power of sin, quickens for service, imparts assurance, and 
inspires prayer. 

Key Word: Made free, v. 2. 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 14, 16, 18, 26, 28, 31, 32, 34, 35, 38, 39. 

Striking Facts: vv. 26, 34. The security of the believer as to the Denalty 
of sin rests upon the one foundation of Christ's finished work (v. 32) and 
His intercession in heaven for the believer. The believer's security against 
the power of sin is the present work of the Holy Spirit within him and His 
intercession for us. Notice the two intercessors. 


Contents: Covenants of Israel not set aside by Gospel. The seven-fold priv- 
ilege of Israel. The blinding of Israel and God's mercy to the Gentiles. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Moses, Pharaoh, 
Paul, Rebecca, Isaiah. 

Conclusion: God is absolute sovereign in disposing of the children of men with 
reference to their eternal state. He dispenses His gifts to whom He will 
without giving us His reasons, but we may rest assured He is a competent 
judge. Gentiles are permitted by Him, by the short cut of believing in 
Christ, to attain to that for which the Jews had long been "beating about 
the bush," but lost because of sin and unbelief. 

Key Word: Election, v. 11. 

Strong Verses: 20, 21, 33. 

Striking Facts: v. 33. It is sad that the foundation stone should be to any 
a stone of stumbling, and the rock of salvation a rock of offense, but so 
He was to the Jews, and is still to multitudes. Those who do believe, how- 
ever, shall not be ashamed, for their expectations in Him shall never be dis- 


Contents: Israel's failure explained by unbelief. The plan of salvation. 

Characters: God, Christ, Moses, Isaiah, Paul. 

Conclusion: Sincerity is not a ground of safety; self-righteousness is not a 
ground of salvation. The design of the law was to lead people to Christ, 
Who is the end of it, and the only ground for salvation is to become inter- 
ested by humble faith in Christ's satisfaction of the law, and so be "justi- 
fied through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus." 

Key Word: Salvation, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17. 

Striking Facts: v. 4. The law is not destroyed by the Gospel, but full satis- 
faction being made to the law by Jesus Christ (no one else could), for our 
breach of the law, the end is attained, and we are put in another way of 
justification, even faith in His finished work. 


Contents: A spiritual Israel finding salvation. National Israel blinded. Warn- 
ing to Gentiles. Israel yet to be saved nationally. 
Characters: God, Jesus, Paul, Elijah, David, Abraham. 

Page Forty-Six ROMANS 

Conclusion: The Jews, at present cast off because of unbelief, will in due time 
as a people be taken into God's favor again, when the fullness of the Gen- 
tiles be come in and when the Deliverer (Christ) shall have appeared again. 
As a people they are for this age judicially blinded, although there is a 
remnant according to faith in Christ. The Gentiles grafted into the 
Church must not trample upon the Jews as a reprobate people, but remem- 
ber that the law of faith excludes all boasting, either of ourselves or 
against others. 

Key Word: Israel, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 12, 18, 21, 22, 25, 26, 32, 33, 36. 

Striking Facts: vv. 25-26. The Church is a people taken from the Gentiles 
(Acts 15:14) and is a "full destined number" (Rev. 7:9). When the "full- 
ness of the Gentiles" (not world conversion) is brought in, Christ is com- 
ing again, and will be soon manifested as Israel's long looked-for Deliverer. 


Contents: Christian life and service. Consecration to Christ. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: Since we have been justified through grace, by faith in Christ, 
it is our first duty to surrender ourselves to God a living sacrifice, that 
there may be a saving change wrought in us and that we might be made 
serviceable in every way to our fellow men. We stand in relation not 
only to Christ, but to one another in Christ, and we are engaged to do 
all the good we can one to another and to act in conjunction for the com- 
mon benefit. 

Key Word: Consecration (present bodies), v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 12, 13, 19, 21. 

Striking Facts: v. 1. The reference to "sacrifice" no doubt connects Lev. 
1:6-9. The burnt offering typifies Christ offering Himself to God in perfect 
devotion to the Father's will. The offerer or the Priest got nothing of 
it it was all devoted to God. So the believer is to live a life completely 
dedicated to Him in which He has absolute right of way. 


Contents: Believer's attitude toward civil government. Law of love toward 

Characters: God, Jesus, Paul. 

Conclusion: Obedience to civil magistrates is one of the laws of Christ whose 
religion makes people good subjects. Love to our fellow-men is a debt 
that must always be in the paying, yet always owing, for love is inclusive 
of all duties and is the image of Christ upon the soul. 

Key Word: Subjection, v. 1, and love, v. 8. 

Strong Verses: 1, 7, 8, 10, 14. 

Striking Facts: v. 14. Victory over the flesh may be always ours through 
personal dealings with Christ. To "put on Christ" is not imitation of 
Christ, but appropriation of Him. "Christ liveth in me" is the victory 
and if He has the right of way in us, we will make no provisions for satis- 
fying the flesh. 


Contents: Law of love concerning doubtful things. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: To do what conscience allows is not always right and to do what 
it questions is always wrong. The strong Christian should not be con- 
temptuous toward the opinion of a weaker brother on a doubtful question, 
neither should the weaker man be censorious toward the stronger because 
of what conscience allows him. Both have a right to opinion and both 
are responsible to God for it. 

Key Word: Judging, vv. 4, 10. 

Strong Verses: 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12, 17. 

Striking Facts: vv. 8-9. To the Lord Jesus Christ, to Whom all judgment is 
committed, we are to do everything. To this end, He both died and arose, 
that He might be Lord of those who are living to rule them, and Lord of 
the dead to raise them up. We are therefore, answerable to Him in every- 

ROMANS Page Forty-Seven 

thing. Let us not intrench upon His right by arraigning our brothers at 
our own bar. 


Contents: Jewish and Gentile believers under one salvation. Paul speaks of 
His ministry and coming journey. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Paul, Isaiah. 

Conclusion: The self-denial of our Lord Jesus Christ is the best argument 
against the selfishness of Christians. Let us not consult our own credit, 
ease, safety or pleasure, but give ourselves as He did, to bearing the infirmi- 
ties of the weak, whether they be Jew or Gentile, agreeable or disagreeable, 
and striving to be likeminded in the Gospel to the glory of God. 

Key Word: Gospel unity, v. 5. 

Strong Verses: 1, 4, 13. 

Striking Facts: v. 5. "According to Christ Jesus." Let Jesus Christ be the 
center of your unity. If in tune with Him, we will surely be in tune with 
each other, and we shall agree in truth rather than in error. 


Contents: The outflow of Christian love. Closing salutations and benediction. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Paul, many of the gospel helpers, Satan. 

Conclusion: Courtesy and Christianity go together. Acknowledgment of favors 

and greetings of love are returns we should make to our fellow laborers in 

the Gospel for their joy and encouragement. 
Key Word: Greetings, v. 3, etc. 
Strong Verses: 17, 18, 20. 
Striking Facts: vv. 17-18. Mark the believers attitude toward men who bring 

in doctrines contrary to Jesus Christ. We are to MARK them (See Isa. 

8:20). We are to AVOID them (2 Tim. 3:5; 2 John 10). We are not to 

go to listen to them, nor admit them into the house to argue with them. 

This is the Scriptural plan for resisting their teachings. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

God's Power 16 1:2 First fruits of 

the dead. 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

Jesus Christ our risen 
Lord is Head of the 

Paul A. D. 59 Body working through 

His people by the Holy 



Contents: Christians' position in grace. The unspiritual condition of the 
Corinthian saints. Danger of following human leaders and exulting in 
human wisdom. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Paul, Sosthenes, Apollos, Cephas, Chloe, Crispus, 
Gaius, Stephanas. 

Conclusion: The consideration of being agreed in the great fundamentals of 
the faith should have extinguished all feuds and divisions about unessential 
points. Though there is not unity of sentiment, let there ever be unity of 
affection in the Church. 

It is just with God to leave those to themselves who pour proud con- 
tempt on divine wisdom and grace. The way to divine light is to put 
out your own candle. 

Key Word: Human wisdom, vv. 17, 18. Contentions, v. 11. 

Strong Verses: 9, 18, 21, 27, 28, 30. 

Striking Facts: v. 23. The plain preaching of a crucified Jesus is more power- 
ful than all the oratory and philosophy of an unbelieving world. All the 
boasted science of the world cannot do -for souls what "Christ crucified" 
does. All one needs, or can desire, they may have in Him (vv. 30-31). 
He is made wisdom to the foolish, righteousness to the guilty, sanctifica- 
tion to the corrupt, and redemption to those who are in bonds. 


Contents: Christian revelation not indebted to human wisdom. Spiritual veri- 
ties not discoverable to human wisdom. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: The Christian on his knees can see farther than the philosopher 
on his tiptoes, for spiritual truth can be perceived only by the spiritually 
prepared mind. The truths of God are foolishness and trifling to a carnal 
mind. The only way to understand spiritual truth is to yield to the Author 
of it, the Holy Spirit. 

Key Word: Spiritual wisdom, v. 10. 

Strong Verses: 2, 9, 10, 11, 14. 

Striking Facts: v. 2. "Christ and Him crucified" is the sum and substance 
of the Gospel. To display the banner of the cross and invite people under 
it should be the principal business of the ministers. 


Contents: Hindrance of a carnal state to spiritual growth. Christian service 
and its reward. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Apollos, Cephas. 

Conclusion: Our salvation rests solely upon the completed work of Jesus 
Christ, but rewards are to be earned by spiritual service for God, and will 
be according to the quality of our works. True service done in the power 
of the indwelling Spirit, is of eternal standing, but fleshly service is per- 
ishable and will bring the Christian loss of reward at the final day. 

Key Word: Labor, reward, v. 8. 

Strong Verses: 9, 11, 13, 16, 19, 23. 


Striking Facts: v. 11. The doctrine of Jesus Christ and His mediation is the 
principal doctrine of Christianity. Those who build hopes of heaven on 
any other foundation build upon sinking sands, v. 23. Those who would 
be safe for time and happy for eternity, must be Christ's. 


Contents: Judgment of Christ's servants not committed to man. Apostolic 

example of patience and humility. 
Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Apollos, Timothy. 
Conclusion: God's steward awaits no judgment of man, but stands or falls by 

his Master's judgment his standard being fidelity to God, not popularity 

with men. 

Key Word: Judging, v. 3. 
Strong Verses: 2, 5, 20. 


Contents: Immorality rebuked and discipline enjoined. 

Characters: Christ, Paul, Satan. 

Conclusion: The heinous sins of professed Christians are quickly noted and 
noised abroad to the injury of Christ's cause. Let the believer walk cir- 
cumspectly, for many eyes are upon him, and if he will not do so let the 
Church have no fellowship with him. 

Key Word: Fornication, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 7, 8. 

Striking Facts: vv. 7-8. Christ was the fulfillment of the Jewish Passover. 
After the lamb was killed they kept the feast of unleavened bread. So 
must we, not only seven days, but all our days. The world life of the 
Christian must be one of "unleavened bread" sincerity and truth. 


Contents: Saints forbidden to go to law with each other. Sanctity of the 
body. The body the Lord's temple. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit. 

Conclusion: Contention of Christians before the law is much to the reproach 
of Christianity. It is a forgetting of their real dignity as Christians to 
carry little matters about the things of life before heathen magistrates. 

The question of a life of victory over sin that will glorify God will be 
settled by the believer recognizing to Whom he belongs and yielding to the 
Divine Guest Who resides within him. Consecration is letting Christ and 
the Holy Spirit have what belongs to them. 

Key Word: Going to law, v. 1. The Body, v. 15. 

Strong Verses: 2, 11, 12, 15, 17, 19, 20. 

Striking Facts: v. 20. Christ has purchased the believer, body, soul and 
spirit by His own blood. Let, us therefore, be careful what we do with 
another's property. Let our bodies be kept as His whose they are and fit 
for His use and residence. 


Contents: Sanctity of marriage. Regulation of marriage among Gentile be- 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: Marriage is by divine wisdom prescribed for the preventing of 
fornication. Man and wife cannot separate at pleasure, nor for any other 
cause than what Christ allows, for it is a divine institution and is a com- 
pact for life by God's appointment. Even though a Christian has been 
united to an unbeliever, before having accepted Christ, they are one flesh, 
they are to abide together and the believing one is to be sanctified for the 
sake of the unbelieving one. 

Key Word: Marriage, v. 9. 

Strong Verses: 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 39. 


Contents: Meats offered to idols, and the limitations of Christians' liberty. 
Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: There is nothing in the distinction of food that will make any dis- 
tinction between men in God's account, and the Christian is free to eat that 


which the conscience allows. Nevertheless he must be careful how he 

uses this liberty, lest it be the occasion of stumbling or hazzard the ruin 

of one younger and weaker in the faith. 
Key Word: Christian liberty, v. 9. 
Strong Verses: 2, 3, 6, 9, 13. 
Striking Facts: v. 12. Injuries done to Christians are injuries done to Christ 

especially to babes in Christ weak Christians. 


Contents: Paul vindicates his apostleship. The method and reward of true 
ministry and the support of the ministry. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Cephas, Barnabas, Moses. 

Conclusion: It is no new thing for ministers of Christ to meet with the worst 
treatment where they might expect the best. Those who enjoy benefits 
by the ministry of the Word should not grudge the maintenance of those 
who are employed in this work. It is to the praise of a minister, never- 
theless, to prefer the success of his ministry and the salvation of souls, to 
his own interest and to deny himself that he may serve Christ. 

Key Word: Ministry, v. 2. 

Strong Verses: 14, 19, 22, 24. 

Striking Facts: v. 27. The word "castaway" is literally "disapproved," and so 
translated in other places. He is not expressing fear that he may fail 
of salvation but is speaking of service, and the possibility through unfaith- 
fulness, of being laid on the shelf. 


Contents: Israel in the wilderness, a warning example. Fellowship of the 
Lord's table demands separation. Law of love in relation to eating and 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Moses. 

Conclusion: We should take warning from those who have gone before us, 
that carnal desires are the source and root of much sin and if not checked 
we know not whither they will carry us. 

To partake of the Lord's table is to profess to be in friendship and 
fellowship with Him, and communion with Christ and communion with 
Satan can never be had at once. Therefore let us aim in eating, drinking 
and in all we do, to glorify God. 

Key Word: Temptation, v. 13. Communion, vv. 16, 21. 

Strong Verses: 11, 12, 13, 16, 20, 23, 31, 33. 

Striking Facts: v. 16. The ceremony of the Lord's supper is a token whereby 
we professedly hold communion with Him whose body was broken and 
blood shed to procure remission of our sins and the favor of God. vv. 3, 4. 
He is that Bread which came down from heaven. He is the Rock out of 
which refreshing streams come to the believer. It is impossible to be in 
alliance with Him without being devoted to Him. 


Contents: Christian order and the Lord's supper. Meaning of the Lord's 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: The Lord's supper is a memorial of His finished atonement, a 
parable of His present fellowship with His own and a prophecy of His sec- 
ond coming. The ordinances of Christ are very solemn and if they do not 
do our souls good, will do us harm. Let it not be eaten carelessly or with 
an insincere heart for it will turn to no account, but to increase guilt and 
bring condemnation. 

Key Word: Covered heads, v. 4. Lord's supper, v. 20. 

Strong Verses: 3, 19, 23-27, 31, 32. 

Striking Facts: v. 25. New covenant. These outward signs express the new 
covenant in Christ His body broken, His blood shed, the benefits which 
flow from His death and sacrifice. His blood is the seal and sanction of 
all the privileges of the new covenant. 



Contents: Spiritual gifts in the Body of Christ, for ministry and worship. 

Characters: God, Jesus, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: The Body of Christ in the world is for the service for, and man- 
ifestation of Christ, and the Body is to serve the Head, whose Body we 
are. The gifts and graces of the members of the Body greatly differ, but 
are freely given of God through the Holy Spirit. Since all powers in the 
members proceed from the Holy Ghost, no member may boast against 
another, and no member, however insignificant, may consider himself un- 
essential, but is equally obligated to be yielded to the Spirit. 

Key Word: Gifts, vv. 1, 30. 

Strong Verses: 3, 7, 13, 20, 21, 22, 26, 27. 

Striking Facts: v. 13. The baptism with the Spirit forms the Body by unit- 
ing believers to Christ, the risen and glorified Head, and to each other. 
Regeneration is a participation in the baptism of Pentecost when the 
Body of Christ was first organized. 


Contents: Love, the supreme gift of the Spirit, and its governing power over 
other gifts. 

Characters: Paul. 

Conclusion: Love alone can give value to any service rendered in Christ's 
name, and it is therefore the supreme gift of the Spirit, to be coveted and 
prayed for above all others. Faith trusts and appropriates, hope expects, 
but love expresses Christ and blesses men. 

Key W T ord: Love, v. 1 (charity). 

Strong Verses: 1-3, 12, 13. 

Striking Facts: Jesus Christ was the supreme expression of the love of God 
and His divine love and compassion is the gift of the Spirit to believers 
who will be yielded to Him. Thinking of Jesus as "love" (for God is 
love) substitute the name Jesus in place of "charity" and notice the force 
of the text. Can you say "Christ liveth in me?" 


Contents: Prophecy and speaking in tongues. The order of the ministry of 
this gift in the church. 

Characters: God, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: That is the best and most eligible gift which best answers the 
purposes of charity and edifies the church. That which cannot be under- 
stood cannot edify, and such confusion is to be avoided in the church. No 
gift of the Spirit is to be despised, and if the gift of tongues is bestowed, 
it will be with interpretation among two or three brethren, and will result 
in their blessing. 

Key Word: Gift of tongues, v. 2. 

Strong Verses: 2, 8, 9, 12, 19, 33. 

Striking Facts: All believers have the Holy Spirit 1 Cor. 6:19-20, not all 
were to have tongues 12:28-30. All public display of the gift, if it is 
given by the Spirit, is for edification, 14:5-28, always accompanied by 
interpretation, 14:13, 23-26, 28, always under control, 14:27. If accom- 
panied by confusion, it is not of the Spirit, 14:33-40. 


Contents: The resurrection of Christ and the resurrection of believers result- 
ing from it. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Cephas, James, Adam. 

Conclusion: The resurrection of Christ, together with His atoning work is 
the cornerstone of all Christian doctrine. It is the evidence that sin has 
been effectually put away, the ground for saving faith and the promise 
that all united to the Body of Christ shall be raised at His coming to re- 
ceive a glorious body like unto His own, and to bear forever the image of 
the heavenly. 

Key Word: Resurrection, v. 12. 

Strong Verses: 3, 14, 17, 20, 22, 23, 42, 43, 44, 47, 49, 51, 58. 


Striking Facts: If Christ's body lies in some nameless grave, there is no hope 
for the believer, and the Gospel is nothing but emptiness. How do we 
know His sacrifice for sin was accepted? How can we hope for our own 
resurrection and immortality? "In Christ shall all be made alive" (v. 22), 
but notice that the word "all" is defined "they that are Christ's" (v. 23). 


Contents: Closing instructions and greetings of Paul. 

Characters: Christ, Paul, Timothy, Apollos, Aquila, Priscilla, Stephanas, For- 
tunatus, Achaicus. 

Conclusion: The Christian should lay by money in store for good uses, hav- 
ing a treasury for this purpose a stock for others as well as for them- 
selves. They should be ready to every good work as opportunity offers, 
whether it be in giving or in assisting in some other way the servants of 

Key Word: Instruction. 

Strong Verses: 2, 13. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Our sufficiency 13 7:6; 12:9 Our sufficiency. 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

Paul A. D. 60 The Christian is God's 

ambassador, with a 
spiritual and glorious 
ministry, finding in 
Christ consolation in all 
his sufferings and suffi- 
ciency for every testing. 



Contents: Paul's interest in the Corinthian Christians and his encouragement 
to them in Christ. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Timothy, Silvanus. 

Conclusion: Man's extremity is God's opportunity. Affliction to the people of 
God is but a pruning knife to the vine to prepare them for greater use- 
fulness to others. One of the greatest evidences of God's love to His 
own is to send them afflictions with grace to bear them. 

Key Word: Consolation, v. 6. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 5, 12. 

Striking Facts: v. 5. When we truly share the sufferings of Christ, we have 
in Him peace in the midst of it all, and grace to bear it. The sufferings of 
the Christian are the sufferings of Christ. He sympathizes with His 
members when they suffer for His sake. 


Contents: Forgiving those who have fallen into sin. The ministry of the 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Titus, an erring brother, Satan. 

Conclusion: When a brother is truly penitent for his sin we should not be too 
rigid or severe with him, lest it give Satan an advantage by driving him 
to despair, but we should confirm our love to him by forgiving him and 
showing that our reproofs proceeded from love to his person rather than 
design to ruin him. 

Key Word: Forgiveness, v. 10. 

Strong Verses: 14, 15, 16. 

Striking Facts: vv. 15-16. Unto some Christ becomes a savour of death unto 
death. Because they are willfully obstinate, they are finally blinded and 
hardened by it. They have rejected it to eternal spiritual death. To the 
humble and gracious, His Gospel becomes the savour of life unto life, 
quickening them who were "dead in trespasses and sins." 


Contents: The ministry of Christ accredited. Its spiritual and glorious char- 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Moses. 

Conclusion: True ministers are Christ's instruments, for He is the author of 
all good that is in them and His love and His likeness are revealed in them 
by the Holy Spirit. They are ministers, not merely of the letter to read 
the written Word or to preach the letter of the Gospel only, but ministers 
of the Spirit also. The Spirit accompanies their ministrations and re- 
veals Christ through their lives. 

Key Word: Ministry, v. 6. 

Strong Verses: 2, 3, 5, 18. 

Striking Facts: v. 18. Those who yield to the working of the Holy Spirit 
may be made more and more into the image of Christ (Rom. 8:29). The 


Holy Spirit longs to bring us into conformity to the "family likeness" even 
before the hour when we shall see Him face to face and be made like 


Contents: Truth taught, commended by the life. The preaching of the Lord- 
ship of Christ. The suffering of true ministers with Christ. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: A steadfast adherence to the truths of the Gospel, backed by con- 
stancy and sincerity, will commend the servant of God to the opinion of 
wise men. They should not be of proud spirit, but realize that they them- 
selves are but vessels of little worth and in their perplexities for Christ's 
sake let them know that God is able to support them and in Him they 
should ever trust and hope. 

Key Word: Ministry, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 2, 5, 6, 7, 11, 16, 17, 18. 

Striking Facts: vv. 13-14. A great sustaining power for the persecuted 
servant of Christ is the hope of resurrection through Him. This hope will 
save us from sinking. We know that Christ was raised and His resurrec- 
tion is an earnest and assurance of ours. What reason has a Christian to 
fear death who dies in hope of being raised by the Lord Jesus? 


Contents: Why death has no terrors for the Lord's servant. The motive and 
object of ministry for Christ. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: The servant of God who has the earnest of the Spirit to give 
everlasting grace and comfort, with a promise of a glorious resurrection 
body and the eternal fellowship of the Lord Jesus Himself, cannot but 
despise the brief sufferings and persecutions of this life, and be constrained 
by the love of Christ, manifested in the great instance of His dying for 
us, to persevere in testifying as ambassadors of heaven, to lost men. 

Key Word: Servant's hope, v. 1, and Motive, v. 14. 

Strong Verses: 1, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21. 

Striking Facts: v. 21. Christ was "made sin" not a sinner, but sin a sin- 
offering or sacrifice. As He Who knew no sin was made sin for us, so 
we who have no righteousness of our own are made the righteousness of 
God in Him. 


Contents: Paul's ministry to the . Corinthians. Appeal to separation and 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: The ministers of the Gospel should look upon themselves as 
God's servants and act in everything suitably to that character. As they 
are themselves so let them seek to make the followers of Christ under 
their charge, not only by profession, but in reality, the temples of the Holy 
Ghost, dedicated to and employed for the service of God and separated 
from all uncleanness. 

Key Word: Separation, v. 17. 

Strong Verses: 2, 14, 16, 17. 


Contents: Paul opens his heart to the Corinthians concerning purpose of his 
former letter. 

Characters: God, Paul, Titus. 

Conclusion: The true servant of God cannot but be grieved that he must re- 
buke Christians for sin, nor can he shun to make those sorry for a season 
whom he would rather make glad. If the offenders will but let their 
sorrow work true repentance, God's minister may rejoice in the nature of 
their sorrow when it is turned again to joy that is durable. 

Key Word: Sorrow to repentance, v. 9. 

Strong Verses: 10. 



Contents: Collection for the poor. Exhortation concerning the grace of giv- 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Titus. 

Conclusion: Those who truly love the Lord Jesus Who became poor for our 
sakes, making us rich in eternal things, cannot but dedicate their temporal 
riches to His disposal for the relief of brethren in Christ who are in need. 
His rewards for Christian liberality will be based on the will to do, rather 
than the ability to do, and He takes notice, not of what we give, but what 
we have left. 

Key Word: Liberality, v. 2. 

Strong Verses: 7, 9, 12, 21. 

Striking Facts: v. 9. Our Lord Jesus, equal in power and glory with the 
Father, rich in all the glory and blessedness of the upper world, yet for 
our sakes became, literally, "a beggar." We are thereby made rich in the 
blessings and promises of the new covenant and the hopes of eternal life. 
Shall we hold on to our dollars when they are needed for His cause? The 
best arguments for Christian duties are those taken from the love Christ 
has manifested to us. 


Contents: Offering for the Jerusalem saints. Encouragement for givers. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: Our return in blessings will be proportionate to what we sow. Let 
our works of charity be therefore done with thought and prayer, rather 
than by accident, giving cheerfully, not grudgingly, being glad we have 
ability and opportunity to be charitable. God loveth a cheerful giver, 
therefore no man can be the loser by doing that with which God is pleased 
for He is able to make His grace the more abundant toward us. 

Key Word: Giving, v. 7. 

Strong Verses: 6, 7, 8, 15. 

Striking Facts: v. 15. The one Gift, Christ, outshines all others and draws 
all other divine gifts after it (Rom. 8:32). How can one who is in pos- 
session of the "unspeakable gift" grudge money for His service? 


Contents: Vindication of Paul's apostleship, and his appeal to Corinthians as 
brethren in Christ. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: The servants of Christ should be sensible of their own infirmities, 
thinking humbly of themselves, keeping within their own province and 
careful to give glory to God in all their work. At the same time let them 
not betray their authority in Christ. Believers should render humble 
obedience to them as men set over them by God, not comparing their per- 
sonal appearance or ways with other popular leaders. 

Key Word: Boasting in the Lord, vv. 8, 17. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 5, 17, 18. 

Striking Facts: 


Contents: Paul's godly jealousy for Christ's cause. Warning against false 
teachers. Paul's enforced boasting. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Satan, Eve, Abraham, Aretas, governor of 

Conclusion: It is no pleasure to a good man to speak well of himself, yet in 
some cases it is lawful, namely when it is for the advantage of others or 
for the vindication of the cause of Christ. Those who boast in the Lord 
can never boast of what they have done, though they may glory in what 
they have suffered for His sake. Thus are false teachers distinguished 
from true, for they boast of their works and shun sufferings. 

Key Word: Paul's glorying, vv. 10, 30. 

Strong Verses: 3, 14, 15, 30. 

Striking Facts: v. 2. The Church is the Bride of Christ, Eph. 5:25-32; Rev. 
19:6-8; affianced, yet not married, yet as a Body. The espoused Bride is 
often found flirting with old lovers of the world, a source of grief to the 
true Bridegroom. 



Contents: God's dealing with Paul. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Titus, Satan. 

Conclusion: The exalted experiences of the Spirit-filled Christian overbalance 
all he is called upon to bear for Christ's sake. Whom God loves, He will 
keep from being exalted above measure, and spiritual burdens will be 
ordered, with grace to bear them, for the keeping down of spiritual pride. 
As we communicate our experiences let us remember to take notice of 
what God has done to humble us, as well as to advance us. 

Key Word: Glorying (in Christ), v. 5. 

Strong Verses: 9, 10. 

Striking Facts: vv. 7, 9. The thorns Christ wore for us and with which He 
was crowned, sanctify and make easy all the thorns in the flesh we may 
ever be afflicted with. His grace is sufficient and what is health if His 
grace is not possessed? 


Contents: Closing exhortations of Paul to the Corinthians. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: The great burden of God's faithful representatives is that the 
Gospel they preach may be honored, however their persons may be vilified. 
Their heavenly commission is verified through the lives of those in whom 
Christ is living with power, having believed in Christ through their min- 
istry. Let us examine ourselves whether we be in the faith. 

Key Word: Examine yourselves, v. 5. 

Strong Verses: 4, 5, 8. 11, 14. 

Striking Facts: v. 4. As Christ was crucified in weakness, or appeared to 
be weak to men, but lives by the power of God, so His representatives, 
however contemptible they may seem to some, yet are instruments mani- 
festing the power of God, as proven by the souls regenerated, and will yet 
be vindicated before all men, by their resurrection unto life eternal in 



Key Thought: Number of 

Liberty 6 


Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

3:2 Our freedom 

Writer of the Book: 



A. D. 60 

Conclusion of the Book: 

Christ is the Deliverer 
from the law and mere 
externalism and leads 
into glorious liberty. 



Contents: The Gospel Paul preached, a revelation not tradition. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Peter, James. 

Conclusion: The Gospel declared by the apostles was by revelation of Jesus 
Christ. It is a Gospel of pure grace, and any message that excludes grace 
or mingles legalism with grace as a means of salvation in under the curse 
of God and is to be shunned. 

Key Word: Paul's gospel, v. 7. 

Strong Verses: 4, 8. 

Striking Facts: v. 4. The cross of the Lord Jesus was designed not only to 
separate us from the penalty of our sins, but to separate us from the 
power of them. Shall we who have been saved by His grace deny Him 
by plunging again into that from which His cross has forever delivered us? 


Contents: Paul's journey to Jerusalem and His contest for the truth. Justi- 
fication by faith in Christ without works. 

Characters: Christ, Paul, Barnabas, Titus, Peter, James, Cephas, John. 

Conclusion: The gospel of grace is one of justification by faith in Christ's 
finished work apart from deeds of the law. We do not get saved by our 
works, but we get saved and work. Those who put themselves under the 
law after seeking justification through Christ take the place of unjustified 
sinners seeking to be made righteous by law and works, whereas justifica- 
tion is wholly by faith and sanctification wholly Christ living out through 
our lives. 

Key Word: Gospel of uncircumcision, v. 7. 

Strong Verses: 16, 19, 20, 21. 

Striking Facts: v. 20. The present aspect of our salvation is Christ living 
in us by His Holy Spirit. God does not ask us to live the Christian life, 
but wants us, by yieldedness to Him to let Christ live it in us. 


Contents: Gift of Spirit by faith apart from law-works. Man under law- 
works is under the law curse. Christ bears the law curse that we might 
have the faith blessing. The true intent of the law. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Abraham. 

Conclusion: The purpose of the law was to give to sin the character of trans- 
gression and prove man helpless to save himself not to save man. Man 
is therefore shut up to faith in the work of Christ our Mediator, as the 
only avenue of escape from the penalty of a broken law, for Christ has 
borne the curse of the law for us and we become the children of God 
through Him, not by any works of our own. 

Key Word: Works and faith, v. 5. 

Strong Verses: 3, 10, 11, 13, 21, 22, 24, 26. 

Striking Facts: v. 13. What Christ suffered FROM men (the cross) was 
nothing to what He suffered FOR men. The CURSE of the law was more 
than the CROSS of human suffering. He bore that curse to the full 

Page Fifty -Eight GALATIANS 

as the divine Son of God, redeeming the believer, both from the curse and 
the dominion of the law. Law therefore can neither justify a sinner nor 
sanctify a believer. 


Contents: Believers full redemption from the law. Sonship through the 
Spirit. Dangers of lapsing into legality. Impossibility of mixing law and 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Abraham, Hagar, Isaac. 

Conclusion: Law and grace are an impossible mixture, for salvation is wholly 
by faith in Christ and our sonship is immediately testified to in the heart 
by the incoming of the Holy Spirit, upon the basis of Christ's finished 
work as the full satisfaction of the law. Let us not, therefore, fall again 
in bondage to the legality of the law, which is merely an element of salva- 
tion to reveal to us the inveterate sinfulness of our nature and the impos- 
sibility of saving ourselves. 

Key Word: Bondage and grace, vv. 3, 5. 

Strong Verses: 4, 5, 6. 

Striking Facts: v. 4. Jesus, who was truly God, for our sakes became man. 
He Who was Lord of all took upon Himself the state of subjection and 
the form of a servant. The one end of all this was to redeem those 
under the law. He, the perfect One, took what we deserve, that we, the 
sinners, might get what He deserved. 


Contents: Liberty of the believer in Christ, apart from the law. Conflict of 
flesh and the Spirit. Christian character the result of the Spirit's work 
not self-effort. 

Characters: Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: Since we are justified only by faith in Christ Jesus, not by the 
righteousness of the law, let us not again stand in fear of and bondage to 
legal ordinances. While our salvation is settled by the work of Christ, 
the conflict of sin which still wars in the believer's members, may be set- 
tled by yieldedness to the Holy Spirit, Who is present in the believer to 
subdue the fleshly nature and to bear heavenly fruit through our lives. 

Key Word: Liberty, vv. 1, 13. Flesh and Spirit, v. 16. 

Strong Verses: 1, 6, 14, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24. 

Striking Facts: v. 4. To "fall from grace" is to fall back on legal ordinances 
and mix law and grace. One who is fallen from grace is not a believer 
who has lost his salvation by failure to do good works (the popular Meth- 
odist explanation), but one who is doing good works and trusting in them 
as a means of salvation and sanctification. 


Contents: The regenerated life as a brotherhood of believers. 

Characters: Holy Spirit, God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: The new life in Christ Jesus is not simply one of being good, 
but of doing good. It manifests itself, not by taking a "more holy than 
thou" attitude, but by bearing the burdens of others and seizing every 
opportunity to help saints and save sinners. 

Key Word: Well doing, v. 9. 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14. 

Striking Facts: v. 14. The cross which connects us with God separates us 
from the world. Having died with Christ we should therefore be done with 
the world. Having risen with Christ, we are connected with God in a 
new life. We cannot glory in the benefits Christ's cross secures if we 
refuse the rejection which His cross involves. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

"In Christ" 6 1:3 Head of the Church 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

Paul A. D. 64 The Church is The Body 

of Christ. Each believer 
has an exalted position 
through grace and is to 
have a walk in accord- 
ance with that position. 



Contents: Believer's position in grace. The prayer for knowledge and power. 

Characters: Christ, God, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: The believer, is vitally united to Jesus Christ by the indwelling 
Spirit, through the redemptive work of the cross, and has in Him all 
spiritual blessings, including the assurance of an eternal inheritance and 
the working of His mighty power in and through him. 

Key Word: Spiritual blessings, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 7, 13, 14, 22, 23. 

Striking Facts: vv. 22-23. Jesus is Head of the Church which is His Body 
and His Bride. As Eve was of Adam's body, yet was his bride, so the 
Church born out of His opened side, is both the Body and the Bride. This 
gives Him complete disposal of all the affairs of the true Church to the 
designs of His grace. 


Contents: Method of Gentile salvation. Jew and Gentile made one body in 
Christ, a habitation of God through the Spirit. 

Characters: God, Christ. 

Conclusion: A state of sin apart from Christ, is a state of spiritual death 
and bondage to Satan. A great and happy change is possible on the basis 
of Christ's finished redemption whereby men are quickened to eternal life 
by faith apart from their own merits. God, the Father, is the Author of 
the plan, Christ, the Son, laid the foundation, and the Holy Spirit raises 
the superstructure. 

Key Word: Reconciliation, v. 16. 

Strong Verses: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18, 21, 22. 

Striking Facts: v. 7. One great purpose of Christ's salvation is to reveal in 
ages to come the exceeding riches of God's grace. If all men were saved, 
it could never be made to appear that we did really deserve to die. In 
spite of the cross, we, angels, and universe would doubt it. The loss of 
some men through rejection of Christ sets that doubt at rest and proves 
to all eternity that those who are saved were by nature the children of 
wrath, even as others. 


Content*: Church, a mystery hidden in past ages. Prayer for inner fullness 
and knowledge. 

Characters: Christ, God, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: The divine purpose to make of both Jew and Gentile a wholly 
new thing, the Church, the Body of Christ, was a mystery unrevealed in 
Old Testament times, the revelation of which was committed to Paul. 
Nothing is too hard for divine grace to do; what a mighty treasury of 
mercy, grace, and love is laid up in Christ Jesus, both for Jew and Gentile 
who will receive Him as their Lord. 

Key Word: Revelation, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 8, 9, 10, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20. 

Striking Facts: vv. 9, 10. The marvelous redemption of men by grace through 


faith, on the ground of Christ's atonement is to be a lesson eternally to 
Satan and his hosts, of the power of God. Angels are made to see how 
His glory can he displayed in His dealings with sin. 


Contents: Walk and service of the believer in Christ. Ministry of gifts of 
Christ to His Body. 

Characters: Christ, Holy Spirit, God, Paul. 

Conclusion: Considering to what state and condition God has called us in 
Christ Jesus, let us approve ourselves good Christians, living up to our 
profession and calling. As members of His Body, the Holy Spirit will 
endue us with spiritual gifts for His service that we might confirm and 
build up others in the faith and that we might dispense the saving doc- 
trines of His grace to the unsaved. 

Key Word: Walk, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 1, 17, 22, 23, 24, 30, 32. 

Striking Facts: v. 8. When Christ's body was laid in the grave, His spirit 
descended into Hades (the abode of departed spirits), and proclaimed the 
victory of the cross. At His ascension to the Father after three days He 
delivered from Hades the spirits of the justified and took them to Para- 
dise above, leaving the unsaved spirits in Hades. The spirit of the Chris- 
tian at death now goes to be with Him above. Phil. 1:23; 2 Cor. 5:9, 


Contents: Walk of the believer as God's child. The believer's warfare as 
filled with the Spirit. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: As members of the family of God, it is our duty to put on the 
family likeness by walking as obedient children, and in full yieldedness to 
the Holy Spirit. Only as we are flexible in His hands may we be victorious 
in our walk, sincere in our worship or successful in our work. 

Key Word: Worship, vv. 19, 20. Walk, v. 2. 

Strong Verses: 9, 18, 19, 20, 25, 30. 

Striking Facts: v. 32. Concerning life, the Church is the Body of Christ 
(1:22, 23). Concerning love, the Church is His Bride. Notice it is the 
"man" who is said to leave his home to be joined unto a wife. Christ left 
the glory and His Father, and later parted with His earthly mother (Luke 
2:35; John 19:26-27) for the redemptive work whereby He could take 
out from the world a spiritual Bride, of which all true believers are mem- 


Contents: Domestic life of Spirit-filled believers. Warfare of the believer. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Satan, Tychicus. 

Conclusion: The Christian life is a warfare, a struggle not only with common 
calamities and inner desires, but with opposing forces of the powers of 
darkness which seek to destroy the testimony of the believer. It is there- 
fore requisite that the, Christian soldier be stout-hearted and well armed 
with spiritual weapons which God supplies. The sword of the Spirit and 
the access of prayer are weapons against which Satan is powerless. 

Key Word: Warfare, vv. 11-12. 

Strong Verses: 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17, 18. 

Striking Facts: v. 10. The Lord Jesus has met Satan at every point and 
defeated him. It is therefore dangerous for us to be strong except in Him 
Who is the Victor. Our natural courage is perfect cowardice; our natural 
strength is perfect weakness, but our sufficiency is always in Him. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Gain through Christ 4 3:7, 14, 4:4 Ascended Lord 

Writer of the Book: 



About A. D. 64 

Conclusion of the Book: 

Christ is the believer's 
life, pattern, object, and 



Contents: Triumph of the believer over suffering and persecution. 

Characters: Christ, Holy Spirit, God, Paul, Timothy, Epaphroditus. 

Conclusion: Those who desire that Christ may be magnified in their bodies 
have a holy indifference whether it be by life or death and may rejoice 
in all their tribulations as Christ's witnesses, knowing that the Word 
of God cannot be imprisoned and that though things do not turn to their 
comfort in this world, by God's grace, they will be made to turn to the 
salvation of others. 

Key Word: Joyful tribulation, v. 20. 

Strong Verses: 6, 21, 23. 

Striking Facts: v. 6. It is Christ Who begins the good work in us; it is 
Christ Who carries it on in us 2:12-13; it is Christ Who will ultimately 
complete that work by transforming us into His own likeness 3:21. 


Contents: Christ, the believer's pattern, rejoicing in lowly service. The 
outworking of inworked salvation. The apostolic example. 

Characters: Christ, Holy Spirit, God, Paul, Timothy, Epaphroditus. 

Conclusion: The believer should be lowly minded and like-minded, in con- 
formity to the example of the Lord Jesus, the great pattern of humility 
and love in service to man. He humbled Himself in suffering and death 
for us, not only to satisfy God's justice, but to set us an example that we 
might follow His steps bearing a resemblance to His life, since we have 
profited by His death. 

Key W 7 ord: Humble service, vv. 5-9. 

Strong Verses: 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 13, 15. 

Striking Facts: vv. 7-8. Jesus was absolutely divine, yet absolutely human. 
In coming into the world He did not empty Himself of His divine nature 
or attributes, but only of the outward and visible manifestation of the 
Godhead the insignia of majesty, He had to empty Himself of His glory 
or He would have paralyzed the men He came to save. Although equal 
with God, He took upon Himself the form of a servant for our sakes, that 
He might meet, as God manifest in the flesh, the death of the cross. 


Contents: Christ, the object of the believer's faith, desire and expectation. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: Let those reckon themselves unspeakable losers, who by adhering 
to the things of the world and carnal pride, have no interest in the Lord 
Jesus. He is the object of the believer's faith for a righteousness that is 
untarnishable, the object of the believer's desire for a fellowship that is 
incomparable and the object of the believer's expectation for a resurrection 
body that is immortal. 

Key Word: Christ, our sufficiency, vv. 7, 10, 20. 

Strong Verses: 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 20, 21. 

Striking Facts: v. 10. Christ's resurrection is the evidence of our justification 
(Rom. 4:24-25); the assurance of our resurrection (1 Cor. 15:14-18); 
the source of our spiritual power for He was thus constituted the giver 


of the Holy Spirit (John 7:39; 20:22). Knowing Him, therefore, in- 
volves not only justification through His death but sanctification through 
His life, feeling the transforming efficacy and virtue of His life, through 
the Holy Spirit. 


Contents: Christ the believer's strength and source of joy and peace. Giver 
of victory over anxiety. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Euodias, Syntyche, Clement. 

Conclusion: The believer's hope and prospect through our Lord Jesus Christ, 
should engage him to be steady, even and constant in his Christian 
course, rejoicing always in Him through Whom he has the peace of God, 
the very presence of the God of peace, and promises that should remove 
all anxious care. He will give strength for all things, whether to do or 
bear. He will supply every need of the trusting soul. 

Key Word: Joy, v. 4. 

Strong Verses: 4, 6, 7, 8, 13, 19. 

Striking Facts: Seven things the believer is here said to have through Jesus 
Christ: 1. Privilege of prayer to help us v. 6. 2. Peace to keep us 
v. 7. 3. Presence to accompany us v. 9. 4. Pattern before us v. 8. 
5. Policy to calm us v. 11. 6. Power to strengthen us v. 13. 7. 
Promise to provide for us v. 19. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Fullness in Christ 4 2:10 Fullness of 


Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

The Godhead was incar- 

Paul About A. D. 64 nate in Jesus Christ, in 

whom the believer is 



Contents: Apostolic greeting and prayer. The superiority of Christ. His 
reconciling work. The mystery of His indwelling. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Timothy, Epaphras. 

Conclusion: He who has reconciled us to God by His blood and made us meet 
to partake of eternal happiness is none other than the Creator and Lord 
of all, manifested in human form. As Lord of glorious power, He is able 
to furnish us for every good work and to fortify us by His grace against 
every evil. The ground of our hope is Christ in the Word, but the evi- 
dence of our hope is Christ in the heart working mightily by His Holy 

Key Word: Mighty Christ, vv. 11, 15. 

Strong Verses: 10, 11, 12, 13, 16, 17, 18, 20. 

Striking Facts: vv. 15-17. Jesus was the visible representation of the visible 
God, born before anything was created. Creation was bound up with Him 
as its secret, and by Him, all things earthly, angelic, celestial and infernal 
were created and do exist. It pleased the Father that all divine perfec- 
tions should be summed up in Him. Such a One redeemed us and is Head 
of the Body, the Church. 


Contents: Godhead incarnate in Christ. Danger of those who would entice 
away from Christ. Philosophy and legality, mysticism and asceticism. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: Believers who understand the perfections of Christ and have a 
well settled judgment of the great truths of the Gospel, will be preserved 
from all the ensnaring insinuations of those who would corrupt the Gospel 
principles. All true Christians have a salvation complete in Him and need 
not pin their faith on the opinions of philosophers nor bear the yoke of 
ceremonial law. Christ alone is the hope of glory and in Him we are com- 

Key Word: Complete in Him, v. 10. 

Strong Verses: 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. 

Striking Facts: vv. 3, 9. Christ is the wisdom of God, and is of God made 
wisdom to the humble. The treasures of wisdom are not hidden from us in 
Christ, but for us. Supposed supplies of spiritual wisdom from any other 
source are a delusion. The fullness of the Godhead dwells in Christ, not 
figuratively, but literally, for He is both God and man, the manifestation 
of the Father to us. 


Contents: Believer's union with Christ here and hereafter, and the fruit of 
such union. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: The true believer is united with Christ in a union which can never 
be broken and by virtue of that union he is justified, sanctified and yet to 
be glorified. Since, as to his standing, his true life is hid with Christ in God, 
it is his business to mind the concerns of that world to which Christ has 
ascended, making heaven his scope and aim, and manifesting to those 

Page Sixty-Four COLOSSIANS 

about him, his title and qualifications for heaven, by a consistent Christian 

Key Word: Union with Christ, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 3, 4, 14, 15, 16, 17, 23, 24. 

Striking Pacts: vv. 1, 3. The believer's eternal standing is in Christ. If by 
regeneration, we were united to Him, we are reckoned as having died 
when He died, having risen when He ascended, having been seated in 
heaven when He was seated, and as yet to appear with Him when He comes 
forth in glory. Our true life is therefore hid with Him. It is our part 
to make our state conform as nearly as possible with our standing. 


Contents: Consistent Christian living and fellowship of believers. 

Characters: God, Paul, Christ, Tychicus, Onesimus, Aristarchus, Marcus, 
Barnabas, Justus, Epaphras, Luke, Demas, Archippus. 

Conclusion: The friendship and fellowship together of fellow servants in the 
Lord, is a great refreshment under the sufferings and difficulties in the 
way. It adds much to the beauty and strength of the Gospel ministry 
when Christ's servants are loving and condescending towards one another. 
Let the people of God pray particularly for those over them in the Lord, 
that God may enable them to speak as they ought to speak and that doors 
of utterance may be opened. 

Key Word: Fellowship, vv. 7, 10, 11, 14. 

Strong Verses: 2, 5, 6. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Comfort 5 1:10 Coming Lord 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

The coming of the Lord 
Jesus is imminent. The 

Paul A. D. 54 hope of His return is 

the great hope and in- 
spiration and comfort of 
the true Christian. 



Contents: The model church. Three tenses of the Christian life. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Silvanus, Timothy. 

Conclusion: Those who have embraced the full Gospel, as proclaimed by the 
apostles will manifest it by separation from worldly idols, present service 
to men in the power of the living God, and expectation of the return of the 
Lord Jesus. Where true faith is, it will work by love and in the patience 
of the blessed hope. 

Key Word: Our Gospel, v. 5. 

Strong Verses: 9, 10. 

Striking Facts: vv. 9-10. Past, present and future salvation in Christ is seen 
here. Note that the hope of Christ's return is made an integral part of the 
Gospel and Christian faith. If conscious of a lack of steadiness in the life 
or power in the testimony, make sure you possess these three aspects of 


Contents: The model servant and his reward. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Satan. 

Conclusion: It is the great comfort of the servants of Christ to have their 
own conscience and the consciences of others witness for them that they 
set out with sincere designs and right principles, preached the Word in 
its fullness and that their witnessing was not in vain in the Lord. Let not 
the Ambassadors of Christ be daunted that they must often meet opposi- 
tion and persecution at the preaching of Christ, but continue faithfully 
knowing that they shall meet the fruit of their labors at the coming of 

Key Word: Apostolic ministry, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 4, 19. 

Striking Facts: vv. 19-20. At the second coming of Christ, there will be 
gathered all those won by the preaching of the Gospel. It is the soul-win- 
ner's joy that he will, at that time, meet all those he has won to Christ. 


Contents: The model Christian brotherhood. The sanctification of the be- 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Timothy. 

Conclusion: It is easy for the servant of Christ to bear afflictions or persecu- 
tions, when he finds the good success of his ministry which is the sure re- 
sult of sowing in love, and the constancy of those who have accepted 
Christ under their ministry. Let there be the same mutual love between 
all Christians that, with their teachers in the Lord, they may be estab- 
lished unblameable at the coming of Christ. 

Key Word: Brotherly love, v. 12. 

Strong Verses: 12, 13. 

Striking Facts: Each chapter ends with reference to Christ's second coming. 
Chap. 1: linked with salvation (v. 10); Chap. 2: linked with service 


(19-20); Chap. 3: linked with sanctification (13); Chap. 4: linked with 
solace (13-18); Chap. 5: linked with separation (23). 


Contents: The model walk of the believer. The hope of Christ's return. 

Characters: God, Christ. 

Conclusion: The design of the Gospel is to teach men not only what they 
should believe, but also how they should live. It is God's will that all 
His should be holy in heart and pure in body for "He that calleth us is 

The Christian should not be in ignorance of the blessed hope, the 
return of Christ to resurrect the dead in Him and translate living believ- 
ers, for this is designed to be the greatest comfort of believers. 

Key Word: Sanctification, v. 3. Comfort, vv. 13, 18. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 7, 14-18. 

Striking Facts: v. 16. The Lord Jesus HIMSELF, not the Holy Spirit, not the 
destruction of Jerusalem, not the diffusion of Christianity, not the death 
of the believer this is the blessed hope. He is coming bringing with Him 
the spirits of those who have died in Him. Their bodies shall be raised 
and united then with their spirits. At the same time, living believers will 
be instantly changed and caught up in clouds to be with Him. 


Contents: The model walk for the believer. The day of Jehovah. Exhorta- 
tions to believers. 

Characters: Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul. 

Conclusion: Let Christians live like men who are awake, living in constant 
expectation of Christ's return, and having all natural desires under 
Christ's control. Christ's coming will be sudden, overtaking many who 
are in the midst of their carnal security and jollity, and bringing them 
destruction from which there will be no escape. 

Key Word: Times and seasons, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 3, 8, 9, 10, 16-21. 

Striking Facts: v. 2. As the thief usually comes in the dead of the night, 
so the coming of Christ will surprise the ungodly. It is the happy condi- 
tion, however, of those who believe God's Word, that they live in momen- 
tary expectation of His return, and whether times be troublesome or peace- 
ful, they cannot be surprised if He should come. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Waiting for Christ 3 3:5 Coming Lord 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

The Christian is to wait, 
watch and work for the 
coming of the Lord 

Paul A. D. 54 Jesus, when He will be 

glorified in His saints 
and His saints shall be 
eternally satisfied in 



Contents: Believer's comfort in persecution. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Silvanus, Timothy. 

Conclusion: The patient suffering of believers for Christ's sake, is a manifest 
token that they are worthy to be accounted Christians, since they can suf- 
fer for Christianity. God will recompense their trouble with rest of heart 
now, and with abundant reward at Christ's coming, when also He will 
recompense trouble to those who have troubled His people. 

Key Word: Comfort, v. 7. 

Strong Verses: 7, 8, 9, 10. 

Striking Facts: v. 10. As the coming of Christ will reveal His wrath and 
power upon His enemies, so His grace and power will be magnified in the 
complete salvation of His saints. This is an evidence that the Church will 
not pass through the Great Tribulation, the time of God's wrath. 


Contents: Day of the Lord and the man of sin. Exhortation and instruction. 

Characters: Christ, Holy Spirit, anti-christ, Satan, Paul. 

Conclusion: The blessed hope of Christ's coming is a doctrine with which 
believers are to be deeply affected that they might not be moved about 
with the conflicting and Satanic heresies of the last days, when there will 
be general religious apostasy and denial of the program of God's Word. 
Let us not be deceived by the doctrine of any man or by the trend of 
events, to let loose of the hope of His imminent return. 

Key Word: Day of Christ, v. 2. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 8. 

Striking Facts: vv. 7, 8. The word "letteth" is lit. "restraineth" or "hinder- 
eth." The Holy Spirit is the restraining influence now in the world. He 
will hinder the progress of Satan's gospel until the coming of Christ when 
He, whose present mission is the formation of the Body of Christ will be 
taken out of the way with the Body. This will leave Satan unrestrained 
and will precipitate the Great Tribulation period. 


Contents: Paul's encouragements and exhortations to the Thessalonians. 

Characters: Christ, Paul. 

Conclusion: It is required of those who have professed Christianity, that they 

live according to the precepts of the Gospel, that they be not accounted 

disorderly persons devoid of the divine love and hope which they profess. 

If Christ is allowed to direct our love upon Himself, it will rectify all our 

affections toward men and keep us in the attitude of expectation of His 

momentary coming. 

Key Word: Apostolic commands, v. 6. 
Strong Verses: 3, 5, 6, 13. 
Striking Facts: v. 5. Patient waiting for Christ is to be joined with the 

love of God. The hope of His return is the great incentive to a busy life 

and a life of loving deeds to others. 

Page Sixty-Eight 


Key Thought: 

Church order 


Number of Chapters: 


Key Verse: 


Christ seen as: 

Only Potentate 

Writer of the Book: 


Date : 

About A. D. 63 

Conclusion of the Book: 

God would have the 
Minister and the Chris- 
tian know "how they 
should behave in the 
house of God" and how 
"to hold the mystery of 
the faith in a pure con- 



Contents: Legalism and unsound teaching rebuked. 

Characters: God, Christ, Timothy, Alexander, Satan, Hymenaeus. 

Conclusion: Witnesses of Christ must not only be charged to preach the true 
Gospel doctrine but charged to preach no other doctrine, for it needs no 
improvement, and to add the letter of the law to the doctrines of grace 
is an impossible mixture, leading to unprofitable jangling. Those answer 
the end of the law who have a good conscience toward Christ and faith 

Key Word: Vain jangling, v. 6. 

Strong Verses: 5, 15. 

Striking Facts: v. 15. The errand of Jesus Christ in the world was not to 
be a great teacher and reformer, but to die as a ransom for sinners of 
whom there are two classes the sinner who thinks himself righteous 
(as did Paul before converted) and the sinner who feels himself a sin- 


Contents: Exhortation to prayer. Divine order for the sexes. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Adam, Eve, Timothy. 

Conclusion: Christians are to be men much given to prayer, and in their pray- 
ers having a generous concern for others as well as for themselves. They 
are to especially desire for those in civil authority that God will turn their 
hearts and direct them, making use of them for the accomplishing of His 

Christian women are to be modest, sober, silent and submissive as 
becomes their place. Woman was created in subordination to man and 
was never intended to usurp authority, but to be a helpmeet. 

Key Word: Prayer, v. 1. Women, v. 10. 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8. 

Striking Facts: vv. 5-6. A Mediator supposes a controversy. Sin had made 
a quarrel between God and man. Jesus Christ, a Mediator, undertook to 
make peace. He gave Himself a ransom voluntarily so that all mankind 
might partake of the common salvation. 


Contents: Qualifications of elders and deacons. 

Characters: God, Christ, Satan. 

Conclusion: Those having places of authority in the church must be blame- 
less, not lying under any scandal, watchful against Satan, moderate in all 
their actions, proving their ability to care for God's people by keeping a 
Godly and well-governed household, holding the truths of the faith in a 
pure conscience. 

Key Word: Elders, deacons, vv. 2, 8. 

Strong Verses: 5, 16. 

FIRST TIMOTHY . Page Sixty-Nine 

Striking Facts: v. 16. The mystery of Godliness is Christ. He was God 
manifest in the flesh (John 1:14). Being reproached as a sinner, He 
was raised by the Spirit and so justified. He was attended by and wor- 
shipped by angels. He is offered to the Gentiles as Savior and Redeemer. 
He is believed on by millions. He is exalted in glory. 


Contents: Walk of a good minister of Christ. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Timothy. 

Conclusion: Those are good ministers of Jesus Christ who are diligent to in- 
stil into the minds of their hearers the fundamental truths of God's Word, 
which will prevent their being seduced by false teachers and drawn away 
into the apostasy of the last days. Let them not study to advance new 
notions, but ever be faithful in proclaiming those saving truths which they 
have received of the apostles and Jesus Christ. 

Key Word: Good minister, v. 6. 

Strong Verses: 1, 8, 12. 

Striking Facts: vv. 1-3. Satan is a theologian and makes use of demons in 
the last days to lead many away into apostasy. Spiritualism clearly pre- 
sented here. Two prominent points of its doctrine are seen in v. 3. 
Abstinence from meat is considered a condition of mediumistic power. 
Spiritual affinities are taught as against marriage. 


Contents: Work of a good minister of Christ. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Timothy, Satan. 

Conclusion: Ministers of Jesus Christ are reprovers by office, for they are 
not alone to preach the Word, but correct those who are inconsistent. 
A difference is to be made in the reproofs according to the age and circum- 
stances of the persons rebuked. Let them know that they are accountable 
to God and the Lord Jesus Christ how they have observed the duties of 
their office, and woe to them if they have been partial in their ministra- 

KeyWord: Ministerial exhortations, v. 21. 

Strong Verses: 6, 8, 22. 


Contents: Work of the minister continued. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Timothy, Pilate. 

Conclusion: The minister of Christ is to preach not only the general duties 
of all, but the duties of particular relations, that believers may live lives 
that will truly witness for Christ wherever they are. He is to endeavor 
after Godliness at all times himself, not making his ministry merely a 
trade, but a calling wherein he is content with what God allots him, fight- 
ing the fight of faith and looking for the coming of Christ, when he shall 
be abundantly rewarded. 

Key Word: Man of God, v. 11. 

Strong Verses: 6, 7, 10, 12, 20. 

Striking Facts: v. 16. Jesus Christ only as yet has triumphed over death. 
Immortality has to do with the body, not the soul. The believer will be 
given immortality at His coming, being given a body like unto His glorious 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Doctrine 4 1:13 Only Potentate 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

The Christian must be 
loyal to Christ and to 
the truth, enduring as a 

Paul About A. D. 64 good soldier against all 

persecution, and in the 
midst of growing aposta- 



Contents: Apostolic greetings and exhortations to Timothy. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Timothy, Eunice, Phygelus, Her- 
mogenes, Onesiphorus. 

Conclusion: The best of Christ's servants need remembrancers, and what 
they know, it is well to be reminded of by Godly men that their faith may 
be strengthened. Let them not be afraid of suffering for Christ's sake, 
or of owning others who are sufferers for His cause, for they are called 
with a holy calling, as witnesses of God's eternal purposes in Christ, and 
by adherence to Him in all circumstances, may be assured that He honors 
His testimony in and through them. 

Key Word: Exhortations, v. 6. 

Strong Verses: 7, 8, 9, 10, 12. 

Striking Facts: v. 10. The threefold purpose of Christ's coming is here stated. 
1. To abolish death which is the result of sin. 2. To bring to light salva- 
tion through His finished work. 3. To illumine the subject of immortality, 
which believers are to have through Him at His return. If Jesus had not 
arisen in a glorified body, immortality would not have been brought to 


Contents: Walk of a good soldier of Christ in times of apostasy. 

Characters: Christ, Paul, Timothy, David, Hymenaeus, Philetus, Satan. 

Conclusion: Those who have work to do for Christ must stir themselves up 
as soldiers to do it, and strengthen themselves for it in His power. They 
must count upon suffering, even unto death, and therefore must carefully 
train up others in the faith to succeed them who will approve themselves 
good soldiers. 

Key Word: Good soldier, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 3, 11, 12, 13, 15, 19, 21, 22, 24, 25. 

Striking Facts: v. 8. "Remember Jesus Christ" raised from the dead. This 
is the great proof of the Christian mission, and confirmation of the truth 
of the Gospel. Let suffering saints remember this. His incarnation and 
resurrection, heartily believed, will support the Christian under all testings 
of the present life. 


Contents: Apostasy predicted. The believer's resource, the Scriptures. 

Characters: Christ, Paul, Timothy, Jannes, Jambres, Moses. 

Conclusion: The last days of the Gospel dispensation will be perilous times, 
both on account of persecutions without, and corruptions within. These 
will be times when it will be difficult to keep a good conscience, and the 
believers recourse, will be the inspired Word of God, which is demon- 
strated to be the power of God unto salvation, able to furnish him unto al) 
good works. 

Key Word: Apostasy, vv. 1, 5, 13. 

Strong Verses: 1-5,12,13,16,17. 

SECOND TIMOTHY Page Seventy-One 

Striking Facts: v. 5. The Gospel of Christ is the power of godliness (Rom. 
1:16). Ihe tendency of the apostasy of the last times will be to accept 
the ethical teachings of Christ, rejecting the doctrine of regeneration by 
the Spirit of Christ. It is no marvel that those who cling to. Christ, 
instead of form, will in those days, be the object of bitter persecution, 
(v. 12). 


Contents: Christ's faithful servant and the faithfulness of Christ to His own. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Demas, Timothy, Luke, Mark, Tychicus, Carpus, 
Alexander, Prisca, Aquila, Onesiphorus, Erastus, Trephines, Eubulus, 
Pudens, Linus, Claudia. 

Conclusion: It concerns the witnesses of Christ seriously to consider the 
account they must give the Lord Jesus Christ of the trust reposed upon 
them as His representatives. Against the last days when there shall be 
widespread rejection of the doctrines of Christ, men grown weary of the 
plain Gospel and hankering for philosophies, let us faithfully preach the 
pure Word of God, apart from any merely human fancies, making full proof 
of our ministry and loving the truth of His return for His own. 

Key Word: Charge, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 2, 3, 4, 8, 18. 

Striking Facts: v. 8. "Crown" is a symbol of reward in N. T. Here is a 
special reward promised to those who love the truth of Christ's second 
coming and work and long for it. It is a crown the "post-millennarian" 
will not receive, for He hopes to set up the millennium without the pres- 
ence of the King. 

Page Seventy-Two EPISTLE TO TITUS 


Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Ministry 3 3:8, 9 God our Savior 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

Christ's ministers should 
follow the divine order 

Paul About A. D. 63 as revealed in the Epis- 

tles, for the conduct of 
the Church. 



Contents: Divine order for local churches. 

Characters: God, Christ, Paul, Titus. 

Conclusion: Divine faith rests not on fallible reasonings and opinions of men, 
but on the infallible Word of God, the truth itself which purifies the heart 
of the believer. By this mark, judge of new and strange doctrines, and 
stop the mouths of those who handle the Word of God deceitfully. 

Key Word: Deceivers, v. 10. 

Strong Verses: 15. 


Contents: Pastoral work of a true minister. 

Characters: Christ, Paul, Titus. 

Conclusion: The ministers of Christ should discharge their duties with faith- 
fulness, being careful to teach only such truths as are emphasized by 
God's Word, and dividing to each person, according to their age, and 
condition in life, those special portions of the truth designed for their 
particular spiritual needs. Let all considerations of the Gospel be ever 
linked to those foundation truths, the grace of God in our Lord Jesus 
Christ, the sanctified life through Him and the blessed hope of His 

Key Word: Sound doctrine, vv. 1, 15. 

Strong Verses: 7, 11, 12, 13, 14. 

Striking Facts: vv. 11-13. We have in vv. 12, 13, the A B C's of the school 
of grace. The Gospel of grace teaches us (1) to leave the old life (2) to 
live the new life (3) to look for that blessed hope, the glorious appearing 
of Christ. 


Contents: Further instructions concerning pastoral work of a true minister. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Paul, Titus, Artemas, Tychicus, Zenas, 

Conclusion: The ministers of Christ are the peoples' remembrancers of their 
duty as children of God. They should urge upon Christians the duty of 
subjection to the government, the truth of the unmerited favor of God in 
Christ, and the necessity of maintaining good works for His glory. 

Key Word: Remembrancers, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 5, 8. 

Striking Facts: vv. 5, 8. We cannot serve to get saved. Our salvation is 
based alone on Christ's finished work which cancels guilt, and the regen- 
erating work of the Spirit which washes the fallen nature, (v. 5) While we 
are not saved by service, we are saved to serve (vv. 8, 14) which is the 
manifestation of the salvation wrought in us by the Spirit. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Brotherhood 1 v. 17 Payer of our debt 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

Paul A. D. 64 See conclusion below. 



Contents: Greeting to Philemon. Intercession for Onesimus. 

Characters: God, Christ, Timothy, Philemon, Apphia, Archippus, Paul, Epa- 
phras, Marcus, Aristarchus, Demas, Lucas. 

Conclusion: Wise and good ministers of Jesus Christ will have great and 
tender care of young converts to encourage and hearten them, and get 
them received into the fellowship of the saints. There is a spiritual 
brotherhood between all true believers, however distinguished as to their 
station of life, and we should therefore seek to strengthen and help 
those who have been newly united to the Christian family. 

Key Word: Reception (of Christians), v. 17. 

Striking Facts: vv. 17, 18. These verses furnish a perfect illustration of the 
doctrine of "imputation" whereby guilty sinners believing on Christ are 
received by the Father as identified with the Son, and the sins of the 
believing one are reckoned to the account of Christ who paid the price on 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

New Covenant 13 11:40 Great High Priest 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

The cure for faint- 
heartedness toward the 
Gospel is a right con- 
Probably Paul About A. D. 65 ception of the glory and 

work of our Great High 
Priest who has passed 
into the heavens. 



Contents: The great salvation provided through Jesus Christ who is above 
prophets and better than angels. 

Characters: God, Christ. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ as God was equal with the Father, but as God-man 
revealed the Father to men and became the Mediator between God and 
men. He is appointed heir of all things, sovereign Lord, absolute dispose? 
and director both of all persons and all things. He is above every other 
messenger ever sent into the world and has a name preeminent above all 
heavenly beings. 

Key Word: Christ's deity, vv. 3, 8. 

Strong Verses: 3, 8. 

Striking Facts: v. 3. The person of the Son was the true image and charac- 
ter of the Person of the Father. He is not said to be the "likeness" of 
God (implying resemblance) but "image," which means that He reveals 
God. In beholding His power, wisdom and goodness, men were beholding 
the Father, for He was God manifest in the flesh, having all the per- 
fections of God in Him. 


Contents: Warning against neglecting so great a salvation. Earth to be put 
under Christ. Jesus temporarily lower than angels to work out salvation 
for man. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Satan, Abraham. 

Conclusion: The salvation provided by Jesus Christ is so great a salvation 
that none can express nor conceive how great it is. It discovers a great 
Savior who has manifested God to be reconciled to our natures and recon- 
cilable to our persons. He was made, for a time, lower than angels, that 
He might humble Himself unto death for our sakes. The fullness of the 
Godhead dwelling in Him, His suffering could make satisfaction for sin 
and make salvation possible to all. To reject so great a salvation is 
thereby made the worst of crimes against God. 

Key Word: Great salvation, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 3, 9, 10, 14, 17, 18. 

Striking Facts: vv. 17, 18. Christ became man that He might die, for as God 
He could not die, therefore He assumed another nature and state. To be 
a perfect Savior of mankind, He must in every way take man's place 
being proven perfect under all conditions, and then, as the perfect One, 
bear our sins. Because of His sufferings as a man, He is made a 
merciful High Priest, in every way qualified to succor His people. 


Contents: Christ the Son better than Moses the servant. Warning against 


Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Moses. 
Conclusion: We owe to Jesus Christ as the principal messenger sent of God 

to man, the prime minister of the Gospel church, immediate and careful 

HEBREWS Pa 9 e Seventy-Five 

consideration, lest by delay our hearts be hardened and we should be 
eternally rejected because of unbelief. Turning a deaf ear to His calls 
and councils is the spring of all other sins, and the cause of final separa- 
tion from God. 

Key Word: Warning, v. 12. 

Strong Verses: 1,12,13. 

Striking Facts: v. 1. Jesus Christ as Apostle, spoke from God to men: as 
High Priest of our profession, He is the Head of the Church, upon whose 
satisfaction and intercession we profess to depend for acceptance with 
God. It was necessary to remind the Jews who held Moses in such esteem 
and were bent on mixing law with grace, that Christ as Son of God was 
above Moses, therefore His Word was final and His sacrifice sufficient. 


Contents: The better rest for the believer. The perfect work of redemption. 

Characters: God, Christ, David. 

Conclusion: The privileges by Christ under the Gospel are far greater than 
those enjoyed under the Mosaic law. The seventh day rest commemorat- 
ing a finished creation, was but a type of heart-rest which is to be had 
by covenant relation with Jesus Christ, and which is offered to those who 
will renounce their own works as a means of salvation and put their 
entire trust in the finished work of the Great High Priest who has passed 
into the heavens. 

Key Word: Rest, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15. 

Striking Facts: vv. 14-16. The believer should encourage himself, by the 
excellency and finished work of his Great High Priest, to come boldly to 
the throne of grace which has taken the place of the throne of inexorable 
justice. Through Christ's sacrifice, a way is instituted by which God 
may with honor meet poor sinners and treat with them, no earthly priest 
being necessary. 


Contents: Christ, our Great High Priest after the order of Melchisedec. 

Characters: God, Christ, Aaron, Melchisedec. 

Conclusion: God was pleased to take One from among men, His only begotten 
Son, who above all others, was qualified to be a High Priest dealing between 
God and sinful men. By Him, we have approach to God in hope and God 
may receive us with honor. Let us therefore not attempt to go to God 
but through Christ, nor expect any favor from God except upon His merits. 

Key \Vord: High Priest, vv. 1, 10. 

Strong Verses: 8, 9. 

Striking Facts: v. 10. Melchisedec was a type of Christ as High Priest, being 
both a King and a Priest (Gen. 14:18, Zech. 6:12, 13). Melchisedec has 
no recorded beginning nor end of life, and the very absence of these facts 
makes him a type of Him who was from eternity. Christ is the Only One 
in whom universal Kingship and Priesthood may center. 


Contents: Warning against mixture of law and grace. Danger of tasting the 
Spirit's work in grace and then going back to ceremonies. 

Characters: Christ, God, Holy Spirit, Abraham, Melchisedec. 

Conclusion: Those who have advanced to the very threshold of Christ's sal- 
vation, even being clearly convicted by the Holy Spirit and fully enlight- 
ened in the Word of God as to the way of life, again turning to trust in 
dead works and ceremonies, put Christ to an open shame and will not be 
renewed again to repentance by the Holy Spirit. The true believer takes 
refuge wholly in Christ's finished work, in which he finds a hope sure and 
steadfast leading him heavenward. 

Key Word: Dead works, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 10, 18, 19. 

Striking Facts: vv. 4-6. These verses do not apply to backsliders, for it states 
that there is no restoration possible after having once fallen away. The 
reference is to Hebrews fully enlightened in the prophecies about Christ, 

Page Seventy-Six HEBREWS 

and having seen Him and having been carried along by the evident work 
of the Holy Spirit following His resurrection, yet rejecting all this light. 
For such there was no further conviction, v. 9 shows that this cannot 
occur to a true believer, who has "received" not merely "tasted" and is 
"sealed by the Spirit," not merely a "partaker" in His illuminating work. 


Contents: Melchisedec as a type of Christ. Comparison of. Melchisedec and 
Aaronic priesthoods. 

Characters: God, Christ, Melchisedec, Abraham, Levi, Aaron, Moses. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ, the true King-Priest, the anti-type of Melchisedec 
is greater than all the priests of the order of Aaron, and is the mediator 
of all blessings to the children of men. Whereas the Levitical priesthood 
fcould bring nothing to perfection, nor justify men from guilt, Christ's 
priesthood brings with it a better hope a foundation of salvation and 
perfect security in Him as Intercessor in heaven. 

Key Word: Better priesthood, vv. 17, 22. 

Strong Verses: 19, 24, 25, 26, 27. 

Striking Facts: v. 26. No priest could be suitable or sufficient for our recon- 
ciliation to God, but One who could meet the conditions hero laid down, 
and our Lord Jesus alone could meet them. He was free from all habits 
or principles of sin, never did the least wrong to God or man, was abso- 
lutely undefiled in His own life, and was never accessory to other man's 
sins. Those who come to God by Him are saved, not only PROM the 
uttermost, but TO the uttermost, (v. 25). 


Contents: Aaronic priests a shadow of Christ who mediates a better coven- 

Characters: God, Christ, Moses. 

Conclusion: We have in our Lord Jesus Christ such a High Priest as no other 
people ever had, all others being but types and shadows of Him. He is 
the author of a new covenant, better than the old, which was not effi- 
cacious; established on better promises; obedience to it springing from 
a willing heart and mind rather than from fear; securing the personal 
revelation of the Lord to every believer and guaranteeing the complete 
oblivion of sins through His finished work. 

Key Word: Better covenant, vv. 6, 13. 

Strong Verses: 12. 

Striking Facts: v. 4. There are no earthly successors to the priestly tribe of 
Aaron, for the reason that it is now a heavenly office centered in Jesus 
Christ. The earthly priesthood is out of commission, for with the atoning 
death of Christ the vail was rent. 


Contents: Ordinances and sanctuary of the old covenant as types of the new. 
The realities of the new covenant which is sealed by the blood of Christ. 

Characters: God, Holy Spirit, Aaron, High Priest, Moses. 

Conclusion: Christ is a more excellent High Priest than any under the law, 
who but prefigured the work He came to do. He has entered once for 
all within the Holiest place. Having undertaken to be our High Priest 
He could not have been admitted into heaven without shedding His blood 
for us, having no errors of His own to offer for, and neither can any of 
us enter God's glorious presence except by a saving trust in the atoning 
sacrifice of Jesus, without which remission for sins is impossible. 

Key' Word: Atonement, v. 22. 

Strong Verses: 11, 12, 15, 22, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28. 

Striking Facts: vv. 24-28. We have here three great aspects of the work of 
Christ, v. 26 atonement the past tense of His work for our salva- 
tion, v. 24 advocacy the present tense of His work for us. v. 28. 
advent when He will return to complete our salvation from the very 
presence of sin. 

HEBREWS Page Seventy-Seven 


Contents: Law only a shadow of things to come. Through Christ a way made 
into the Holiest for all believers. Warning to the Hebrews who were wav- 
ering between Jewish sacrifices and Christ's finished work. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Moses. 

Conclusion: The legal sacrifices under the law, which were but shadows of 
Christ's atonement, could never make the comers perfect nor satisfy 
justice. Now, under the Gospel, Christ's atonement is perfect and not to 
be repeated, and the sinner once pardoned, is ever pardoned as to his 
standing, and only needs to walk in communion with God, on the basis 
of Christ's blood, to have a continuous sense of God's pardon and favor. 

Key Word: Better sacrifice, v. 12. 

Strong Verses: 4, 10, 12, 14, 16, 17, 19-25, 29, 31, 37. 

Striking Facts: vv. 26-29. In v. 26, "more sacrifice" should be "other sacri- 
fice." If this "judgment and fiery indignation" were the penalty of every 
sin, what Christian could escape for there is none who has not since con- 
verted given way to sin by consent of the will. These verses must be taken 
with the context, which contrasts the inefficacious and oft-repeated sacri- 
fices of the law with the one sacrifice of Christ. There were many Hebrews 
perfectly enlightened, having witnessed the works of Christ and the Holy 
Spirit, but who deliberately put themselves under the law, trusting to 
"other sacrifices," thereby treading under foot the blood of Christ. 


Contents: Superiority of the way of faith. Instances of faith. 

Characters: God, Christ, Abel, Cain, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, 
Sara, Joseph, Moses, Pharaoh's daughter, Rahab, Gideon, Barak, Samson, 
Jephthae, David, Samuel. 

Conclusion: Faith is the firm persuasion that God will perform all that He has 
promised to us in Christ, and brings the soul a present fruition and fore- 
taste of eternal things, which sets a seal that God is true. The way of 
faith is the way of victory, peace, assurance, and endurance. 

Key Word: Faith, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 1, 6. 

Striking Facts: vv. 2, 39. The effect of faith with God is "good reputation." 
Is it any wonder that God cannot be pleased when men are devoid of that 
trust in His Word and in Jesus Christ whom He has sent, which receives 
Him as Savior and Lord and impels to obedience and good works? 


Contents: The Father's chastening of believers and its purpose. The differ- 
ence between living under law and under grace. 

Characters: God, Christ, Esau, Moses, Abel. 

Conclusion: Christians have a race to run, of service and sufferings, a course 
of active and passive obedience, in all of which they need to keep their 
eyes fixed upon the Lord Jesus. The best of God's children may need 
chastisement, but afflictions rightly endured, though they be the fruits of 
God's displeasure are yet proofs of His paternal'love and designed to fit 
us better for His service and to bring us closer into His fellowship. 

Key Word: Chastening, v. 5. 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 5, 6, 14, 25. 

Striking Facts: vv. 1, 2. Christ is not only the object, but the Author of our 
faith. He is the purchaser of the Spirit of faith and the publisher of the 
rule 'of faith and the cause of the grace of faith. He is also the finisher of 
our faith the fulfilling of all Scripture promises and prophecies, the fin- 
isher of grace, the rewarder of faith and will eventually bring faith to an 
end by bringing us to Himself. 


Contents: Exhortations to the Christian. Separation and worship. Apostolic 


Characters: God, Christ, Timothy. 
Conclusion: Our Lord Jesus purchased us with His blood that He might set 

Page Seventy-Eight HEBREWS 

us apart a peculiar people zealous of good works. Let us therefore seek 
to excel in those duties becoming to Christians, such as brotherly love, 
generosity, contentment, obedience to those over us, fixedness in the faith, 
patient suffering with Him and continual praise. 

Key Word: Instructions. 

Strong Verses: 1, 5, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16. 

Striking Facts: vv. 12, 13. Our Lord Jesus was the perfect anti-type of the 
sin offering, being offered "without the gate," a striking illustration of 
His humiliation as a sin bearer. The believer is therefore exhorted to go 
forth from the ceremonial law, from sin, from the world, and identify him- 
self with Christ, being willing to bear His reproach in gratitude for the 
salvation He has provided. 

EPISTLE TO JAMES Page Seventy-Nine 


Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Works 5 2:26 Lord Drawing nigh 

Writer of the Book: 



A. D. 60 

Conclusion of the Book: 

The evidence of faith is 
good works. 



Contents: Testing of faith. Solicitation to evil not of God. Obedience as a 
test of true faith. 

Characters: God, Christ, James. 

Conclusion: Such as have a true title in Jesus Christ through faith may 
expect to be called upon to endure many tests of faith, but the -genuine- 
ness of their calling will be manifest by their stability in trial, their 
fidelity to God and the principles of Christianity, their activity in good 
works and the co.ntrol of the carnal nature at all times. God is the source 
of wisdom and power continually. 

Key Word: Tests of faith, vv. 3, 8, 12, 22, 26. 

Strong Verses: 2, 3, 5, 6, 12, 17, 22, 25, 27. 


Contents: The tests of brotherly love and good words. Justification before 
men by our works. 

Characters: Christ, James, Abraham, Isaac, Rahab. 

Conclusion: Those who are possessors of Christ's salvation, which the poorest 
Christian may partake of equally with the rich, and to which all earthly 
glory is but vanity, should not make men's outward advantages the meas- 
ure of their respect, but should love all, rich or poor, as themselves. 

The certain evidence of faith is good works. While it is faith that 
justifies, the faith that justifies can never be alone. 

Key Word: Brotherly love, v. 8. Works, v. 14. 

Strong Verses: 5, 8, 10, 14, 20. 

Striking Facts: There is perfect harmony between James and Paul on justi- 
fication. Paul is considering man in relation to God, in which he is 
"justified by faith apart from works." James is considering man in rela- 
tion to his fellowman, in which case works are the visible evidence of 
faith. We have a right to believe that a profession of faith which bears 
no fruit, is an empty profession. 


Contents: Control of the tongue. 

Characters: God, James. 

Conclusion: The Christian who is not affected by the sins of the tongue but 
takes care to avoid them, has an undoubted sign of true grace. The wis- 
dom and grace of God which enables one to control the tongue, will enable 
him also to control all other actions. 

Key Word: Tongue, v. 5. 

Strong Verses: 5, 6, 10, 17. 


Contents: Rebuke of worldliness and exhortation to humility before God. 

Characters: God, Satan. 

Conclusion: Worldly and fleshly lusts are the distemper which will not allow 
contentment or satisfaction in the mind, and rise up to the exclusion of 
prayer and the working of our affections toward God. Let the Christian 
be free from the friendship of the world, and be submitted to God, thus 
shutting and bolting the door against the devil. 

Key Word: Lusts, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 15, 17. 

Page Eighty JAMES 


Contents: Warning to the rich. Exhortations in view of Christ's second com- 

Characters: God, Christ, Job, Elias, James. 

Conclusion: Great amassing of wealth will be a sign of the last days, but woe 
to those who then heap together treasure for themselves, for when Christ 
comes that in which they have placed their hopes will bring them eternal 
misery. Regardless of the prosperity of the wicked, or the affliction of 
the righteous, the blessed hope of Christ's return will keep the believer 
steady and patient. Let this therefore incite him to all the duties of the 
Gospel, and especially to patience and prayer. 

Key Word: Last days, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 7, 8, 10, 16, 20. 

Striking Facts: vv. 7, 8. Here we see Christ's waiting for the precious fruit 
of the earth, the gathering in of the elect. In 2 Thess. 3:5 we have the 
saint's waiting for Him. The hope of His coming is the only solution of 
the complicated problems that will arise in the last days between capital 
and labor, (vv. 1-6.) 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Christian's hope 5 2:7 Suffering Lamb 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

Those who are walking 
with Christ will be en- 
Peter A. D. 60 abled to suffer patiently, 

joyously and to the glory 
of God. 



Contents: Christian's conduct under suffering in the light of full salvation. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Peter. 

Conclusion: The true Christian's hope of eternal life and a glorious inherit- 
ance through the precious sacrifice and resurrection of Christ, is a hope 
that quickens him to service, supports him in every trial of faith and con- 
ducts him in a way of holiness to heaven. 

Key Word: Living hope, vv. 3, 5, 7, 13, 25. 

Strong Verses : 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 13, 15, 18, 19, 23, 24, 25. 

Striking Facts: vv. 18, 19. The blood of Christ is precious because it redeems 
(v. 19). Brings us nigh to God (Eph. 2:13). Blots out our sins (Rev. 1:5). 
Brings peace (Col. 1:20). (Justifies) (Rom. 5:9). Cleanses (1 John 


Contents: Exhortation to holiness and growth in view of Christ's great sacri- 
fice. Christ's vicarious sufferings. 

Characters: God, Christ, Peter. 

Conclusion: The Word of God is the proper and necessary food for the soul, 
which, if rightly used, does not leave a man as it finds him, but improves 
him, causing him to realize his spiritual position in the world, the duty 
of patient and Christlike submission, and the necessity of purging out 
those things from the life which are contrary to Christ. 

Key AVord: Growth, vv. 2, 21. 

Strong Verses: 2, 5, 9, 11, 15, 19, 20, 21, 24. 

Striking Facts: v. 8. Christ crucified is the Rock. To the church He is the 
foundation and chief corner stone (Eph. 2:20). To the Jews, at His 
first advent, a stumbling stone (Rom. 9:32, 33; 1 Cor. 1:23). To Israel 
at His second advent he will be made headstone of the corner (Zech. 6:7). 
To the Gentile world powers at His second coming, He will become the 
smiting stone (Dan. 2:34). 


Contents: Duties of husbands and wives toward one another. Exhortations 
to Christian consistency. Christ's vicarious sacrifice. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Sara, Abraham. 

Conclusion: Worldly men are strict observers of the manner of life of the 
professors of religion. A chaste conversation with Christian respect in 
the home life and careful Christian conduct toward all, following the 
Lord Jesus especially in His example of suffering for righteousness sake, 
is an excellent means to win men to the faith of the Gospel. 

Key Word: Good conversation, v. 16. 

Strong Verses: 1, 7, 10, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18. 

Striking Facts: vv. 18-20. The word "preached" is lit. "Heralded." Christ's 
spirit at His death heralded the triumph of the cross in the spirit world. 
There is no indication of any chance for repentance either of angel or man. 
The saved spirits who awaited Him in Paradise, upon the announcement 
of the finished work of the cross went with Him above, whence He then 

Page Eighty-Two FIRST PETER 

removed Paradise, and they will appear with Him at His second advent to 
receive their glorified bodies. 


Contents: Exhortations to mortification of sin and living unto God. Suffer- 
ing with Christ. 

Characters: God, Christ. 

Conclusion: Christ having suffered so much for us, should cause us to fortify 
ourselves with His mind, courage and resolution, living no longer to the 
flesh but being conformed to the holy will of God, as those who must give 
account any day at His appearing. We should rejoice to suffer with Christ 
for righteousness' sake, knowing that if we are in His hands our suffering 
will promote the Gospel and prepare us for glory. 

Key Word: Godly living, vv. 2, 7, 19. 

Strong Verses: 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19. 

Striking Facts: v. 1. Some of the strongest arguments against sin are taken 
from the suffering of Christ. He died to destroy sin, and having sub- 
mitted to such sufferings on account of sin, why should we grieve Him 
by continuing in sin? All sympathy with Christ is lost if we do not put 
away sin. 


Contents: Christian service in view of Christ's soon coming. 

Characters: God, Christ, Peter, Satan, Silvanus, Marcus. 

Conclusion: Humility is a great preserver "of peace and order in the church, 
giving to Christ's ministers a proper attitude toward the flock and to 
His people a proper submission to their leaders in the Lord. There is 
mutual opposition between God and the proud, but he who is humble 
before God will find grace for every trial and power to meet every assault 
of the devil. 

Key Word: Humility, v. 5, vigilance, v. 8. 

Strong Verses: 4, 6, 7, 8, 10. 

Striking Facts: v. 6. The best definition of humility is found in John 13:4, 
5. Our Lord Jesus was the perfect embodiment of humility. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Last days 3 1 Pet. 2:7 Lord of Glory 

Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

The believer must be 
pure and loyal in the 

Peter A. D. 66 days of corruption and 

apostasy, and hastening 
the coming of Christ by 
every means. 



Contents: The great Christian virtues. God's Word exalted. 

Characters: God, Christ, Peter. 

Conclusion: The Christian should be diligent to add one Christian grace to 
another that he may bring glory to God by abounding in much fruit among 
men and that his own calling and election may be thereby thoroughly 
tested out. He should the more seek to obey God's Word because it is 
God-inspired, of undoubted truth, and therefore of vast concern. 

Key Word: Fruitful life, v. 8. 

Strong Verses: 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 19, 21. 

Striking Facts: v. 16. The plan of salvation by Jesus Christ is eminently the 
council of the infinitely wise Jehovah, for certainly man could not have 
invented it. He is the Messiah promised by the prophecies and publicly 
owned by the Father from the opened heavens. 


.Contents: Warnings concerning apostate teachers. 

Characters: God, Christ, Noah, Lot, Balaam. 

Conclusion: Where God sends His true messengers with His Word, the devil 
always sends some to seduce and deceive, and especially to deny Christ's 
redemptive work. Such men bring swift destruction upon themselves, 
even though they prosper for a while. 

Key Word: False teachers, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 1, 9. 

Striking Facts: v. 1. Smooth-tongued false teachers seldom deny Jesus Christ 
"who TAUGHT" but they do deny Jesus "who BOUGHT." The devil hates 
the doctrine of the CROSS of Christ, and hence all the conflicting theories 
as to His death. 


Contents: Return of the Lord and the Day of Jehovah. Christ's return to be 
generally denied. 

Characters: God, Christ, Peter. 

Conclusion: The general denial that will be made in the last days of the 
possibility of Christ's return, should not unsettle the believer, but quicken 
and excite him to a serious minded and firm adhering to what God has 
revealed in His Word. Those who now scoff will find the day of Christ's 
coming a day of terrible vengeance. 

Key Word: Day of the Lord, v. 10. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 18. 

Striking Facts: v. 3. Men may talk about the stability of natural laws and 
the foolishness of the doctrine of Christ's second coming, but the Christian 
faith signifies little without it. It is the finishing stroke which must com- 
plete all the great doctrines of the Gospel and is therefore a day for which 
the Christian is to look (v. 12) and strive to hasten, by the bringing in 
of souls for the completion of the church. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Assurance 5 5:13 Coming Son of God 

Writer of the Book: 

Apostle John 


A. D. 90 

Conclusion of the Book: 

Salvation through our 
Lord Jesus Christ brings 
a life of fellowship with 
God, joyfulness, victory, 
safety and certainty. 



Contents: Fellowship with God made possible through the incarnation. Con- 
ditions of perpetual fellowship walking in the light and confessing sins. 

Characters: God, Christ, John. 

Conclusion: Fellowship with the Father, which has been made possible through 
the incarnation of Christ, the eternal Word, can be maintained only by 
walking in the light, which signifies the recognizing of our sins with frank 
confession of them and forsaking of them as they are revealed to us, 
and belief in Christ crucified as the remedy for sin. 

Key Word: Fellowship, v. 6. 

Strong Verses: 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. 

Striking Facts: v. 9. Our sins were judicially dealt with at the cross (1 Pet. 
2:24) which results in eternal life, but unconfessed and unforsaken sin 
in the believer brings the loss of fellowship with God and chastisement. 
(1 Cor. 11:31-33) Confession of sin would not bring fellowship with God, 
unless the sinner had accepted the finished work of Christ on the cross. 


Contents: Christ's advocacy for the believer. Tests of fellowship, obedience 
and love. Warning against worldliness and apostates. 

Characters: God, Christ, John, Satan, anti-christ. 

Conclusion: To know God and the power of His love is impossible without 
practical observance of His Word, which means that we must seek to walk 
as Christ walked, in love toward our fellowmen and in separation from the 
things of the world. To profess to know God and yet deny Jesus as the 
Christ is to brand oneself as given up to the delusions of the devil. 

Key Word: Knowing Him, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 6, 15, 17, 22, 23. 

Striking Facts: v. 1. Even the most advanced believers have their sins, but 
there is a distinction between them and the sinners of the world, for the 
former have an Advocate in heaven. As they have had Christ's blood ap- 
plied to them upon their acceptance of Him, so they have an Advocate 
to procure their continued forgiveness as they confess their sins. 


Contents: God's love magnified and the believer exhorted to holiness. Brother- 
ly love urged. How our hearts may be assured before God. 

Characters: God, Christ, Satan, Cain, John. 

Conclusion: It is a wonderful and condescending love of the Father that we, 
who by nature are heirs of sin, guilt and the curse, should be called the 
sons of God and given such hopes in Christ. It is a contradiction to such 
love and hope to live in sin and impurity. Purity, love and a clear con- 
science toward God are marks of our transition into this state of life. 

Key Word: Purity, v. 3. Love, v. 14. 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 14, 16, 17, 18, 22, 23, 24. 

Striking Facts: vv. 2-3. The time of the revelation of the sons of God in 
their proper state and in bodies like unto His glorious body, awaits the 

FIRST JOHN Page Eighty-Five 

second coming of Christ. This is the purifying hope of the church which 
engages all believers to the prosecution of holy living that they might be 
in readiness to meet Him unashamed at His coming. 


Contents: Christians warned of false doctrines concerning Christ's person 
and work. Tests of the true. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, anti-christ, John. 

Conclusion: God's people must be ever cautious concerning false teachers 
that may arise to deny the incarnation, deity and atonement of the Lord 
Jesus, and must accept none of their claims without testing them by God's 
Truth in the light of the Holy Spirit's teaching. The spirit of truth is 
known not only by doctrine but by love which is the natural fruit of the 
Spirit. The manifestation of divine love through the life argues a true and 
just apprehension of the divine nature, and such love can never deny the 
Lord Jesus. 

Key Word: Truth and error, v. 6. Love, v. 7. 

Strong Verses: 1, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 19, 20. 

Striking Facts: Seven tests of true doctrine are given here. Does it confess 
Christ's true humanity? vv. 9, 15. His vicarious atonement? vv. 10, 14. 
Does it tend to worldliness? vv. 4, 5. Do spiritually minded people agree 
with it? v. 6. Does it witness to the spirit of divine love? vv. 7, 8. Does 
it accord with the teaching of the Holy Spirit? v. 13. 


Contents: Faith the overcoming principle. The advantages of faith in sal- 
vation, prayer, preservation from sin. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Satan, John. 

Conclusion: He who has been born again through Jesus Christ will manifest 
the effect of regeneration, which is a spiritual conquest of the world. 
Faith is the means, the instrument and spiritual armor and artillery by 
which the believer may overcome the world, Satan and sin, and ask and 
receive of God all that is needful in this life. 

Key Word: Overcoming faith, v. 4. 

Strong Verses: 1, 4, 5, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15. 

Striking Facts: v. 6. Jesus in His death had a double purpose, not only to 
save us from hell but to cleanse us. We are denied inwardly by the pollu- 
tion of sin. Through Him we have "the washing of regeneration." We 
are denied outwardly by the guilt of sin, and by His blood we are separated 
from sin's condemnation. (Heb. 9:22. See Jn. 19:34-35.) 

Page Eighty-Six* 



Key Thought: Number 

See below 

of Chapters: 


Key Verse: 

See below 

Christ seen as: 

Son of God and 
Son of man 

Writer of the Book: 



A. D. 90 

Conclusion of the Book: 

See below. 



Contents: Truth and love inseparable in the Christian life. Doctrine the 
test of reality. 

Characters: God, Christ, John, elect lady, anti-christ. 

Conclusion: The test of our love to God is universal obedience to Him, and we 
have need to maintain this love, for there are many destroyers of it in 
the world those who subvert the faith, denying the person or the work 
of Jesus Christ. Let such men not be entertained as ministers of Christ, 
nor given support in any way. 

Key Word: Truth and love, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 6, 9, 10. 

Striking Facts: v. 9. The most important doctrine in the Word is the doc- 
trine concerning the person and work of Jesus Christ. If one is unsound 
in this, they are bound to be wrong everywhere. All turns on "what think 
ye of Christ?" He that denieth the Son hath not the Father. 



Key Thought: Number 

See below 

of Chapters: 


Key Verse: 

See below 

Christ seen as: 

True Helper to 
the Truth, v. 8 

Writer of the Book: 


A. D. 90 

Conclusion of the Book: 

See below. 



Contents: Exhortation concerning ministering brethren. The domineering 
Diotrephes and the good Demetrius. 

Characters: John, Gaius, Diotrephes, Demetrius. 

Conclusion: Ministers of Christ should abound in, and joy in hospitality to- 
ward fellow helpers in the Lord, and should beware of the peril of a 
domineering leadership which stands in the way of blessing to the people 
of God. 

Key Word: Fellow helpers, v. 8. 

Strong Verses: 4, 11. 


Key Thought: Number 

Kept and contending 

of Chapters: 






Christ seen as: 

Coming Judge 

Writer of the 



: Date: 

A. D. 66 

Conclusion of the 

See below. 




Contents: The apostasy and apostate teachers described. Assurance and 
comfort for true believers. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Jude, James, Michael, Moses, Cain, 
Balaam, Enoch, Adam. 

Conclusion: Believers must be on their guard lest they be robbed of any 
essential article of Christian faith by the cunning craftiness or plausible 
pretenses of ungodly men who pose as teachers and lie in wait to deceive. 
Our duty in the presence of the apostasy is to earnestly contend for the 
faith, trusting to be kept from stumbling by walking in the perpetual 
consciousness of God's love through Christ, looking toward the day when 
we shall be presented before Him with exceeding joy. 

Key Word: Apostasy, vv. 4, 18. 

Strong Verses: 3(b), 21, 24, 25. 

Striking Facts: v. 21. We can be kept in the perpetual consciousness of God's 
love only as we depend upon the mercy of the Lord Jesus that is His 
mercy, not our merit being our constant plea. He has merited for us 
what we could never, otherwise, lay claim to. The only way to stand be- 
fore Him flawless is to rest in His merits and walk in His love. 



Key Thought: Number of Chapters: Key Verse: Christ seen as: 

Overcome 1:1 Sitter upon the 


Writer of the Book: Date: Conclusion of the Book: 

The Lord Jesus Christ is 
the gloriously exalted 
One, the Alpha and 

Apostle John A. D. 96 Omega. He is the High 

Priest of His people; the 
Bridegroom of the 
Church; the King-Judge 
of all mankind. 



Contents: The Patmos vision of John and the command to write. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, John. 

Conclusion: Jesus Christ, the Alpha and the Omega, speaks to believers 
through the Apostle John concerning things past, the things which are 
and the things which shall be hereafter. Blessed are they who make this 
Book their meditation and regard those things which are written therein, 
for they shall shortly come to pass. 

Key Word: Revelation, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 3, 5, 6, 7, 18. 

Striking Facts: This book is the only book having the Lord Jesus Himself as 
Author (v. 1). It is a "revelation," which means "an unveiling" or "dis- 
closure," not a mystery, and the Lord Jesus has attached His benediction 
to it to encourage us to read, hear and keep (v. 3). Notice in v. 5 that 
He Who speaks from heaven is He Who "washed us from our sins in His 
own blood." Heaven's anthem magnifies the blood of Christ above every- 
thing else. 


Contents: Message to Ephesus concerning things "which are." Their first 
love left. Message to Pergamos concerning false doctrines. Message to 
Smyrna concerning persecutions. Message to Thyatira concerning Ba- 
laamism and Nicolaitanism. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Messengers of Ephesus, Smyrna, Perga- 
mos, and Thyratira, John, Satan, Antipas, Balaam, Balac, Jezebel. 

Conclusion: He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Holy Spirit would 
say to the Church, and let him beware lest by turning a deaf ear to the 
voice of the Spirit he lose his faculty of spiritual hearing and thus grow 
cold toward Christ, be without victory in tribulations or find himself an 
apostate carried away by every wind of doctrine. Those are bound to be 
overcomers under every test whose faith keeps them in vital touch with 
Jesus Christ, the Head of the Church (1 Jno. 4:4). 

Key Word: Messages to Churches (Overcoming), vv. 7, 11, 17, 26. 

Strong Verses: 4, 7, 10, 11. 

Striking Fact*: The letters to the Churches are Epistles of Christ dictated 
before the throne (v. 1) and with holy awe we should therefore read, then 
obey them. While these letters deal with Churches existing in John's 
time, it is believed that they are also symbolical of seven stages of the 
Church during the present Church age, because Jesus speaks of the "mys- 
tery" connected with them; because of the number "seven" connected with 
them, and always symbolical in this book; because the promises and warn- 
ings are continuous and because the prophetic view corresponds exactly 
with events thus far in the history of the Church. 



Contents: Message to Sardis concerning their hypocrisy. Message to Phil- 
adelphia on hollow profession. Message to Laodicea on apostasy. Christ's 
attitude to the Church in its final stage in the world. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, Messengers of Sardis, Philadelphia, and 
Laodicea, David, John, Satan. 

Conclusion: Let the believer keep his spiritual ears open continually, for the 
voice of the Holy Spirit, lest he be found merely professing the name of 
Christian, and not having the power thereof, or lest he grow lukewarm 
toward Christ, and so be taken unawares, or even found to be a counter- 
feit at the sudden appearing of Christ in glory. 

Key Word: Message to Church (overcoming), vv. 5, 12, 21. 

Strong Verses: 3, 5, 10, 11, 12, 18, 20, 21. 

Striking Facts: v. 20. Supper is the evening meal, the last taken before 
the morning breaks and the day dawns. This verse is a picture of Christ 
seeking entrance to the Church of the final state, and calling for individ- 
uals out of it who will sup with Him. "The night is far spent; the day 
is at hand." To sup with Him before the morning breaks is the foretaste 
of coming glory. 


Contents: Things which shall be. Vision of the throne in heaven, the en- 
throned elders, the four living creatures and their worship with the elders 
because of creation. 

Characters: Christ, Holy Spirit, John, 24 elders. 

Conclusion: The day is approaching when there shall be a shifting of scenes 
in heaven and God shall prepare to execute all His purposes toward the 
earth. Thundering black clouds shall gather for His last judgment upon 
the earth, but even in the darkness of that day a bow in the cloud will 
be seen reflecting the glory of God in the storm and reminding that God 
has not forgotten His covenants. In that day the saints in heaven will 
contrast the perfect rest of heaven with the troubled waters of earth and 
will give great glory to Him. 

Key Word: Things coming to pass, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 11. 

Striking Facts: Christ is not seen here upon the throne, but as having risen 
for the execution of other purposes which effect the establishment of His 
Messianic Kingdom. Heaven is preparing to execute judgment prior to 
Christ's coming with His saints to reign. The elders are seen identified 
with Him in the judgment about to be executed. May they not be the 
united royal priesthood, redeemed and glorified? The answer as to how 
they got there is not given here, but will be found answered as we proceed. 


Contents: Vision of the seven sealed books. Christ seen in His Kingly char- 
acter. Angels, elders and living creatures exalt the Lamb who is King. 

Characters: God, Christ, John, strong angel, elders, four creatures. 

Conclusion: It will be none other than the Lord Jesus Christ, Who as the 
Lamb of God was slain and rejected of men, Who will yet be manifested 
as the Lion of the tribe of Judah breaking the seals of God's wrath 
against sinners upon the earth. He Who alone was worthy to redeem 
mankind with His precious blood, is worthy to take man's judgment in 
hand. Happy are they who shall in that day be with the ransomed ones 
in heaven joining in the new song, associating with Him in judgment and 
preparing to reign with Him. 

Key Word: Sealed book, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 9, 10, 12. 

Striking Facts: The Lion and the Lamb are One (v. 5). The sacrifice of the 
Lamb made Him the Saviour of the redeemed, but He is yet to assume 
power as the Lion, for the execution of judgment when His purpose in 
the Church is perfected. Notice in v. 9 that it is the blood that the saints 
are still singing about. 


Contents: The opening of the seals. 
Characters: Christ, John. 

REVELATION Page Ninety-Otic 

Conclusion: Woe to those who dwell upon the earth in the days of the great 
Tribulation, when the wrath of God is poured forth for the final cleansing 
of the earth. "Except those days should be shortened no flesh should en- 
dure." There will be terrible wars, famines, pestilence, earthquakes, dis- 
turbances in the heavens, and fear among men. (See Mt. 24:1-31.) 

Key Word: Day of wrath, v. 17. 

Strong Verses: 15-17. 

Striking Facts: vv. 16-17. This will be the last great prayer meeting of earth, 
when men that have rejected Christ shall discover that the Lamb Whom 
they have slaughtered and insulted is the Judge of all. 


Contents: A parenthetical chapter on the saved of the tribulation period. The 
remnant of Israel sealed. 

Characters: God, John, -four angels. 

Conclusion: In the great time of unexampled trouble which is to fall upon 
the earth after the translation of the saints, there shall be a vast company 
of repentant Israelites sealed for preservation, and a multitude of the 
Gentiles, moved to repentance toward Christ, shall find salvation through 
His shed blood, but at the cost of martyrdom (v. 14. See 6:9-11). 

Key Word: Remnant sealed, vv. 3, 13, 14. 

Strong Verses: 9, 10, 14, 17. 

Striking Facts: vv. 10. 14. The cry of these who come up out of the Great 
Tribulation is not the same as the cry of redemption (5:9). It is the cry 
of salvation from judgment. While it is the blood of Christ which has pur- 
chased them this release, yet they are not members of the Body of Christ, 
the Church which is to be completed by the Holy Spirit before the Tribula- 
tion begins. They are a separate company. 


Contents: Opening of the seventh seal from which seven trumpets come. Four 
of the trumpet judgments announced. 

Characters: John, seven angels, angel with censor. 

Conclusion: Woe to those who, by their rejection of the Lord Jesus, will 
find themselves left upon the earth to taste the sufferings of the Great 
Tribulation. Satanic forces will be allowed abroad without restraint, 
bringing fear upon all men by reason of conditions in the earth and in the 
heavens above. 

Key Word: Trumpet judgments, v. 6. 

Strong Verses: 4. 


Contents: Judgments of the fifth and sixth trumpets. 

Characters: God, angels, John, Abaddon. 

Conclusion: So fearful and unbearable will conditions be in the Great Tribu- 
lation days when Satanic powers are unrestrained, that men shall long for 
death and even try to commit suicide, but will find the power of self- 
destruction taken away from them. Happy are they who shall escape 
all these things, that shall come to pass, through true faith in the Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

Key Word: Trumpet woes, v. 12. 

Strong Verses: 6. 


Contents: Parenthetical explanation (to 11:14). The angel and the little 
book. The book eaten. 

Characters: John, mighty angel. 

Conclusion: The day is approaching when all those mysterious judgment pic- 
tures of God's Word shall be made real in action (v. 7). Apocalyptic 
studies are understood by those who walk in close fellowship with God 
and while they have their charm, to the true man of God, they have also 
their bitterness when really appropriated, by reason of the startling and 
terrible prospective they reveal (v. 9). 

Key Word: Little book, v. 2. 

Strong Verses: 9. 

Page Ninety-Two REVELATION 


Contents: Times of the Gentiles to end in a period of forty-two months. Two 
heavenly witnesses will prophecy on the earth. The seventh trumpet 

Characters: God, Holy Spirit, Christ, John, two witnesses, beast, elders. 

Conclusion: The Tribulation days which close the times of the Gentiles shall 
culminate in a period of intense troubles lasting 42 months (3% years). 
When these days shall come, God will send two messengers to earth to 
give warning. They will be despitefully treated and killed as was our 
Lord and the prophets before Him. Woe to those who shall see these 
days, but happy those who through Jesus Christ are safe with Him and 
engaged eternally in His praises. 

Key Word: Tribulation, witnesses, v. 3. 

Strong Verses: 15, 18. 

Striking Facts: vv. 3, 15. As the days of Christ's reign approach there will 
be increased announcement of the apocalyptic truths which will be scoffed 
at by the majority. (2 Pet. 3:3-4) The final announcement will be made 
in the midst of the great Tribulation by heaven-prepared witnesses, as 
His first advent was announced by John the Baptist. With this testimony 
rejected and the witnesses killed, men will be abandoned to the terrible 
days of the last half of the Tribulation, after which Christ will come to 
reign forever. 


Contents: The woman clothed with the sun (Israel). Satan drawing the stars. 
The man-child (Christ) caught up to the throne. The arch-angel and his 
angels fighting Satan. Satan and Israel in the great Tribulation. 

Characters: God, Christ, Michael, Satan. 

Conclusion: Israel out of which came the Messiah Who was rejected, will in 
the midst of the great Tribulation suffer terrible anguish because of Him, 
and will be subjected to terrors of Satan himself, who will then be unre- 
strained and knowing that he has but a short time. However, those whom 
God shall seal of Israel will be brought through those terrible days, though 
many will suffer martyrdom, but they will then die willingly for Him, 
acknowledging Him their King, their sacrifice and their Lord. 

Key Word: Satan's wrath, v. 12. 

Strong Verses: 9, 10, 11. 

Striking Facts: vv. 9-10. In the midst of the great Tribulation, Satan will 
be cast out of the heavenlies and will be free in the earth. This will be 
a happy time for those who are in heaven by the blood of the Lamb, but 
a time of terrible trial for Israel and eternal woe for the Gentiles who 
submit to the mark of the beast. The only salvation in those days will be 
bold confession of faith in the blood of the Lamb, which will mean 
martyrdom to all except those sealed for physical preservation. 


Contents: The beast out of the sea and the beast out of the earth. 

Characters: God, Christ, John, false prophet, anti-christ, Satan. 

Conclusion: In the midst of the Tribulation period there shall rise up two 
great world leaders, one a political leader inspired by Satan himself, the 
other a religious leader to deceive the people with strong delusions and 
either lead them or force them to worship the anti-christ as the long ex- 
pected world-ruler. These two Satanic deceivers shall prevail upon all 
except those who risk all to boldly acknowledge their belief in the Lamb 
of God slain from the foundation of the world. 

Key Word: Two beasts, vv. 1, 11. 

Strong Verses: 18. 

Striking Facts: v. 8. Salvation in the great Tribulation is still based on 
the blood of Jesus Christ. Those who are then saved, however, must boldly 
confess their faith before a world of hostile witnesses, which will mean 
nothing short of martyrdom, except to those few sealed in Israel. May 
God help every reader of these words to make sure their calling and elec- 
tion while the days of grace are still lasting! 

REVELATION Page Ninety-Three 


Contents: Vision of the Lamb and the 144,000 sealed Israelites. The angel 
with the everlasting gospel. Fall of Babylon. The doom of the beast 
worshippers. Blessedness of the holy dead. Vision of Armageddon. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, John, angels, anti-christ. 

Conclusion: There shall be preserved during the great Tribulation period a 
great company out of Israel, who will follow the Lamb and give glory to 
Him at whatever cost. There will be also a multitude of Gentiles re- 
deemed by their acceptance of the everlasting Gospel, but at the cost of 
martyrdom. Woe to those who worship the beast and receive his mark, 
for they shall be tormented in hell forever. 

Key Word: Tribulation saints and sinners, vv. 1,9. 

Strong Verses: 1, 2, 3, 9, 10, 11, 13. 

Striking Facts: vv. 14-15. He who bears the golden crown is none other than 
the Lord Jesus, who will a short time after this be found wearing the 
crown of universal sovereignty (Rev. 19:12). At the close of the great 
Tribulation He will thrust in the sickle to cut down the earth's harvest 
of evil (this will be at Armageddon) which will then have come to its 
culmination (see Mk. 4:29). 


Contents: Vision of the angels of the seven last plagues and the bowls of the 
wrath of God. 

Characters: Christ, John, 7 angels, Moses, 4 beasts. 

Conclusion: In the hours when the unexampled wrath of God is being poured 
out upon the earth there will be a faithful redeemed company, who in spite 
of all their sufferings for Christ's sake, will be enabled to join in the 
great chorus exalting Jehovah their Deliverer and the Lamb, their Saviour. 

Key Word: Wrath of God, vv. 1, 7. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4. 

Striking Facts: v. 3. "King of saints" is literally "King of ages, or nations." 
Jesus is never represented as King of the saints, or the Church, but as 
their Lord. The relationship of the Church saints in the present age is a 
nearer relationship than that of subjects of a King. He is the Bridegroom. 
These Tribulation saints, however, will be related to Him as subjects 
and they exalt Him as "King of Nations." 


Contents: Vials of God's wrath poured out. 

Characters: God, Christ, John, 7 angels, beast, 3 demons. 

Conclusion: There shall, in the great Tribulation period, be poured out such 
manifestations of the wrath of God against Satan and sinners as man has 
never conceived. The terrors of those days will surpass anything known 
in the earth before those days, and shall never be known thereafter. Woe 
to those who choose, by their rejection of Christ in the Gospel day, to be 
left to that time. 

Key Word: Vials of wrath, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 5, 6, 15. 

Striking Facts: v. 15. Even in the great Tribulation there is an advent hope 
held out to keep the remnant looking up. Before Christ's first advent be- 
lievers in the promises were inspired and kept by the expectation of His 
coming. Until the rapture of the Church, His second coming is held out 
as the "blessed hope." In the great Tribulation, the one and only hope 
of relief will be His return in glory with the saints to cleanse the earth 
and to reign. 


Contents: The doom of Babylon, the last great ecclesiastical order. 

Characters: Christ, John, 7 angels, beast. 

Conclusion: There will be in the Tribulation period a great apostate ecclesi- 
astical system headed up under a powerful religious leader, drawing after 
it thousands of deluded worshippers, who in reality are worshipping the 
devil and the beast. This enormous world-system will be brought to a 
fearful end and all those connected with it will share its fate. 

Page Ninety-Four REVELATION 

Key Word: Mystery Babylon, v. 5. 

Strong Verses: 14. 

Striking Facts: Many Bible students believe that we have here the Roman 
Catholic system headed up in a fearfully apostate state. A woman is 
symbolical of "church" (2 Cor. 11:12). This woman (v. 5) stands in 
contrast to the Church of Christ, which is a "chaste virgin." The true 
Church is "espoused to one husband;" this one is given up to the kings of 
the earth. The Church is the "mystery of godliness;" this one is "mystery 
Babylon." The Church offers "the cup of Salvation;" this one offers "cup 
full of abominations." Mystery Babylon is rich, and it has its seat on 
seven hills (Rome). 


Contents: Last form of apostate Christendom and the warning to God's peo- 
ple. The human and the angelic views of Babylon. 

Characters: God, John, angels. 

Conclusion: As there is to be an ecclesiastical Babylon ("confusion") heading 
up in the great Tribulation period, so there is also a great political Baby- 
lon, the pride of the great men of the earth, which shall likewise come to 
a terrible and an everlasting end, when Christ shall return in glory. This 
great system, back of which is anti-christ, will bitterly hate any who 
would glorify any god but materialism and the beast and will be guilty of 
the blood of many prophets and saints who have stood true to the ever- 
lasting Gospel. 

Key Word: Babylon's fall, vv. 2, 21. 


Contents: Parenthetical chapter on what is taking place in heaven while the 
Tribulation rages. The alleluias, marriage of the Lamb, second coming 
in glory, Armageddon, doom of the beast, False Prophet, and kings. 

Characters: God, Christ, John, 24 elders, 4 beasts, angel, beast, False Prophet. 

Conclusion: During those days when the wrath of God is poured out upon 
the earth, the Bride of Christ will in heaven celebrate the long looked for 
marriage festivities, and arrayed in her cleansed garments shall be eter- 
nally united with Him Who is to be recognized in all the universe, and 
for all time, as King of King and Lord of Lords. When He comes forth 
to make an end of all evil, His Bride shall come with Him, associated in 
judgment, and later to rule with Him. 

Key Word: Marriage supper, v. 9. Armageddon, v. 15. 

Strong Verses: 5, 7, 8, 9. 

Striking Facts: vv. 11-16. We have here a vision of the departure from 
heaven of Christ with His saints (previously caught up to be with Him 
1 Thes. 4:13-18) and with His angels preparatory to the catastrophe in 
which all world powers shall be smitten (Dan. 2:34-35). On Christ's 
head here we see many crowns ("diadems") (cf. 14:14) for the hour is 
now at hand when He is to be exalted and enthroned in His Kingdom, 
to "sit upon the throne of His father David." 


Contents: Satan bound for the Kingdom age. The first resurrection. Satan 
loosed at the end of the millenium, and his final doom. Judgment of the 
great White Throne. 

Characters: God, Christ, John, angel, Satan. 

Conclusion: When the Tribulation days shall have run their course, Christ 
shall come with His saints, and having cast down all opposing powers, 
will fling Satan into the bottomless pit for a thousand years, during which 
time He, with the saints, shall rule over the earth. At the end of the 
millenium Satan will be temporarily released, but he and his quickly gath- 
ered followers will be cast into the final hell forever. At that time also 
the unsaved dead of all the ages will be resurrected and after being judged 
according to their works will be given their portion in perdition. 

Key Word: Judgment, vv. 2, 11. 

Strong Verses: 4, 6, 12. 

REVELATION Page Ninety-Five 

Striking Facts: vv. 4, 6. Christ is seen in this chapter as the Judge and then 
as the millenial King. Those who are associated with Him in this King- 
dom are the Church and the Tribulation saints. Those who are now being 
called unto Christ are therefore appointed, not to be subjects of the King- 
dom, but co-rulers, priests of God and of Christ, and will have their 
specific work in connection with the work of His universal empire. 


Contents: The seven new things of the Kingdom age earth, peoples, Jeru- 
salem, temple, light, Paradise (Chap. 22). 

Characters: God, Christ, John, 7 angels. 

Conclusion: It will be the perfect happiness of the saints, when Christ re- 
turns to reign, to have God's immediate presence with them, His love fully 
manifested to them and His glory fully put upon them. No remembrance 
of former sorrows shall remain and all causes for future sorrow shall be 
removed. Whatever is excellent and valuable in this world will be there 
enjoyed to a far greater degree, and Christ will be the everlasting foun- 
tain of knowledge and joy to His people. 

Key Word: Heaven, v. 1. 

Strong Verses: 2, 4, 6, 7, 23, 24, 25. 

Striking Facts: vv. 9, 23. The peculiar glory of the Lord Jesus to all eternity 
is as the "Lamb" which will ever remind of His sacrificial act upon the 
cross. This title is applied to Him 27 times in Revelation. In the presence 
of "the Lamb," there will be no need of sun nor moon, any more than 
here we need to light candles at noon-day, for "the Lamb is the light 


Contents: The New Paradise and its river of the water of life. The last ex- 
hortation of Christ to be ready for His second coming. 

Characters: God, Christ, Holy Spirit, John, angel, David. 

Conclusion: The Paradise lost by the first Adam shall be restored by the Sec- 
ond Adam, and in this Paradise there shall be multitudes saved through 
the Lamb, to behold its beauties and to taste its pleasures forever. Let 
all men labor to understand the prophecies of these things shortly com- 
ing to pass that they might be prepared to meet the Lord Jesus, having 
embraced His salvation, yea, and earnestly longing and praying for the 
hour of His appearance. "Even so, come, Lord Jesus." 

Key Word: Imminent return, vv. 7, 12, 20. 

Strong Verses: 3, 4, 5, 7, 12, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21. 

Striking Facts: The Bible closes with emphasis on the fidelity of the Scrip- 
tures (v. 6) on salvation by grace the free gift of the Lord Jesus (v. 17) 
- and on the doctrine of the pre-millennial return of Christ (vv. 7, 12, 20). 
The great "peace prayer" of the Bible, and the last prayer of the Bible, 
is "Come, Lord Jesus," and Jesus' last recorded words are, "Surely, I 
come quickly. Amen." This is the thought He would leave with us. May 
God open the eyes of every reader to the "blessed hope, the glorious ap- 
pearing of the Great God and our Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ." 
Tit. 2:13. 

Page Ninety-Six 


Genesis begins with creation. Revelation ends with the New Creation. 

In Genesis we have the first Sabbath. Revelation closes with the holy 
rest in the new creation. 

Genesis gives us the first Adam, head of the old humanity. Revelation 
leaves us with the second Adam, head of the new humanity. 

Genesis gives us Eve, the wife of the first Adam, sinning, condemned and 
sorrowing. Revelation leaves us with the second Eve, the Bride of Christ, 
exalted, holy and glorious. 

In Genesis we have exclusion from the tree of life. Revelation leaves us 
with access to it and authority over it. 

In Genesis we have an earth cursed. In Revelation we have the earth 
fully delivered from the curse. 

Genesis gives us Satan tempting and bruising. In Revelation we leave 
him bruised and in the lake of fire forever. 

In Genesis we have the first sob and tear. In Revelation all tears and 
sighing are forever gone. 

RETURN TO the circulation desk of any 
University of California Library 
or to the 

Bldg. 400, Richmond Field Station 
University of California 
Richmond, CA 94804-4698 

2-month loans may be renewed by calling 

1-year loans may be recharged by bringing books 

to NRLF 
Renewals and recharges may be made 4 days 

prior to due date 


JUN 1 8 1988 

YC 15793