laflYERSlTY o£ MARYLAND OFFIOAL PUBUCATTON VdL rt Aptfl, 194« N«w4 For llie Sesrim af Jme 24p-Aiig»3t 2 1940 oouuKa PiJOi; maxtlaio ■Hi mmm UNIVERSITY of MARYLAND OFFiaAL PUBLICATION VoL 37 April. 1940 No. 4 For the Session of June 24 — ^August 2 1940 00LLE6B PARK* MARYLAND LIBRARY-COLLEGE PARK THB stnnqut s«8si9N. Jxam «-Man4»y_Eegi«tiil|^ Gymwtthim; Jane J»*-Tttaaday-«.00 ..«, Iiirtnctfcxi k th June 29-attnnlay--Cla«M meet as wwd. July 4— Ttliiuaday— No rjannnu. Jidy «^*«rtortay--ciaa8« mett •• npori. Ango* S-Sumiiier School Qmuntoc^entc^^ • i ^•J§ AB SumiBCff School inst^aetfoii wiU >*' en Taedhy tMiBing, fy THE UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND. IV • -t SUMMER SCHOOL For the Session of 1940 ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS H. C. Byrd _..._ President Frank K. Haszard _ _ Executive Secretary Harold Benjamin _ _ „.... Director WiLLARD S. Small „ Advisory Director Alma L Frothingham _ Secretary to the Director Adele Stamp „ Dean of Women W. M. Hillegeist Director of Admissions Alma H. Preinkert „ „ _ Registrar Harvey T. Casbarian _ _ Comptroller Carl W. E. Hintz ....._ _..... „ _ „ „ Librarian H. L. Crisp „. „ Superintendent of Buildings T. A. HuTTON Purchasing Agent and Manager of Students* Supply Store George F. Pollock „.... ....._ Alumnus Secretary Advisory Social Committee — George F. Pollock, Chairman; Alice L. Howard, Gwendolyn Drew, C. L. Mackert, Ralph Williams. LIBRARY-COLLEGE PARK THE SUMMER SESSION, 1940 < June 24— Monday— Registration, Gymnasium. June 25— Tuesday— 8.00 a. m.. Instruction in the Summer Session begins. June 29 — Saturday — Classes meet as usual. July 4 — Thursday — ^No classes. July 6— Saturday— Classes meet as usual. August 2—Priday— Close of Summer Session. August 3 — Summer School Commencement Convocation. i -' All Summer School instruction will begin promptly on Tuesday morning, June 25. Issued Monthly by the University of Maryland at College Park, Maryland. Entered as second-class matter under Act of Congress of August 24, 1912. THE ^UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SUMMER SCHOOL For the Session of 1940 ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS President H. C. Byiii> 1.' u.ovA„n Executive Secretary Director Harold Benjamin e c*>.Mi - Advisory Director WiLLARi) S. Small Secretary to the Director Alma 1. Frothingham .>ecieiai.> lu Dean of Women Adele Stamp W. M. H.U.ECE.ST Director of Admissions Registrar Alma H. Preinkert „ - " Comptroller Harvey T. Casbarian " „ ,, Librarian Carl W. E. Hintz - „ _ „ „ .. _ Superintendent of Buildings n. 1^. C.RISP T. A. HVTTON Purchasing Agrent and Manajrer of Students' Supply Store ,. t..., T../^!.' - Alumnus Secretary Georce \ . P(>LL(K K - - A<lvisory Social Committee— (leorj^e F. Pollock, Chairman; Alice L. lf<nvard, Gwendolyn Drew, C. L. Mackert. Ralph Williams. 3715.73 - \^^c> CONTENTS Page Instructors 3 General Information » - — 8 Descriptions of Courses * - _ - 14 Agricultural Economics and Farm Management ~~ 15 Animal and Dairy Husbandry.- - 15 Art ^ - ...™ 16 Bacteriology _ _ ^...._ , -.... 17 Botany - - 17 Chemistry 17 Chesapeake Biological Laboratory 51 Dramatics ^ > _ ^ 20 Economics and Business Administration 21 Education Commercial Education "--■ 21 Educational Psychology (See Psychology) 49 Elementary Education - ^ 22 Elementary — Secondary - _ 22 Guidance _ 23 History, Principles, and Administration 25 Home Economics Education. _ 27 Industrial Education. : 28 Music Education ( See Music) 46 Physical Education 29 Rural Life and Agricultural Education 31 Secondary Education ^ 32 Special Education 34 English _ 35 Entomology 36 General Science _ __ 37 Geography 37 History 38 Home Economics - 39 Horticulture ~ - „ : 41 Mathematics _ 41 Modem Languages _..... 42 Music - - ^ 46 Physics -. - 47 Political Science - _ - ^ 47 Poultry Husbandry 48 Psychology. — 49 Sociology - 50 Speech 50 Zoology - ..- 51 L— Morrill Hall N — Education T — Agricultural FF — Horticultural HE — Home Economics KEY TO BUILDINGS P — Mechanical Engineering DD — Chemistry R— Electrical Engineering M— Library (Old) Q — 'Civil Engineering S — Engineering (New) Gym. — Gymnasium AS — Arts and Sciences GFH— Girls' Field House lA — Poultry INSTRUCTORS C. 0. Appleman, Ph.D., Professor of Botany and Plant Physiology; Dean of the Graduate School-.Botany C. R. Ball, A.M., Instructor in English English RONALD Bamford, Ph.D., Professor of Botany Botany G. F. Beaven, M.S., Associate Biologist and Resident Manager, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory Zoology Mme Louise Bficufi, Licenciee es Lettres, Professor of French, Lycee Francais, New York City .French M. Armand B^Gufi, Licenciee es Lettres, Professor of French, Brooklyn College, New York City ......French R M Bellows, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Educa- tional Psychology .Psychology I.. Harold Benjamin, Ph.D., Dean, College of Educa- tion ; Director, Summer Session - .Education Marjorie Billows, B. A. E., Supervisor of Art, Montgomery County, Maryland - - -Art H R. Bird, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Poultry „ ^ , ' Nutrition -P^^^^^^ Husbandry L. E. Blauch, Ph.D., Consultant, Inter-American Educational Relations, Federal Security Agency, U S. Office of Education, Washington. D. C .Education 1^' H. A. Bone, Ph.D., Instructor in Political Science Political Science ' H H Brechbill, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Edu- cation .Education E. W. Broome, A.M., LL.B., Superintendent of Schools, Montgomery County, Maryland Education - L. B. Broughton, Ph.D., Dean, College of Arts and Sciences; Professor and Head of the Department of Chemistry; State Chemist Chemistry <-^G/ D. Brown, A.M., Professor of Industrial Edu- Education cation /^R G Brown, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Plant Physiology - ^^^^^y l^S. O. Burhoe, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Zoology.Zoology L. R. Burnett, M.D., Director of Health and Physi- cal Education, City Department of Education, Baltimore, Maryland Physical Education Hazel Burnette, B.S., Instructor in Foods „....-....Home Economics Emile Caillet, Ph.D., Professor of French, Scripps College, California French S 2 Herbert A. Carroll, Ph.D., formerly Assistant Pro- fessor of Educational Psychology, University of Minnesota _ _ Education Milton P. Chase, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology, The Woman's College, University of North Carolina Education L^ C. W. CissEL, M.A., C.P.A., Assistant Professor of Accounting Accounting ly" J. W. CODDINGTON, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics - Agricultural Economics ^ F. D. CoOLEY, A.M., Assistant Professor of English. .English Mary P. Corre, A.M.. Director, Occupational Re- search and Counseling Division, Vocation Bu- reau, Public Schools, Cincinnati, Ohio _ Education i/e. N. Cory, Ph.D., Professor of Entomology; State Entomologist - JEntomology i^H. F. Cotterman, Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Education; Assistant Dean, College of Agricul- ture ; State Supervisor, Vocational Agriculture Agricultural Education Hannah Croasdale, Ph.D., Assistant in Biology, Dartmouth College Botany ]/^ H. B. Crothers, Ph.D., Professor of History History ^^ Vienna Curtiss, A.M., Assistant Professor of Art ...Home Economics ^ Tobias Danzig, Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics......Mathematics Mme Cecile de Chauny, B.S., Professor of French, Marjorie Webster School, Washington, D. C French ^S. H. DeVault, Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Economics ^ -Agricultural Economics I. C. DiEHL, A.M., Head, Department of Greography, State Teachers College, Frostburg, Maryland Geography F. C. DocKERAY, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology, The Ohio State University -Psychology ^-^^ N. L. Drake, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry Chemistry ^ Herman DuBuy, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Plant Physiology _ Botany C. B. Edgeworth, A.m., LL.B., Supervisor of Com- mercial Education, City Department of Educa- tion, Baltimore, Maryland Education ^''^Ray Ehrensberger, Ph.D., Acting Chairman and Professor of Speech _ — Speech ^^C. G. EiCHLiN, M.S., Professor and Chairman, Department of Physics Physics ^^ Eleanor Enright, M.S., Assistant Professor of Foods and Home Management Home Economics 4 Miriam Everts, A.B., Director, Children's Theatre, Rice Playhouse, Martha's Vineyard, Massachu- setts - Education W. F. Falls, Ph.D., Professor of Modern Languages-French RALPH Gallington, A.M., Assistant Professor, In- dustrial Education Education , W. H. Gravely, Jr., A.M., Instructor in English „ English ^ C B Hale, Ph.D., Professor and Chairman, Depart- ^ ' ment of English. - - English ..^ W. L. Hard, Ph.D., Instructor of Zoology Zoology M. M. Haring, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry Chemistry Susan E. Harman, Ph.D., Associate Professor of English English ^^ D. C. Hennick, Assistant in Mechanical Engineer- ....._ Education ing - - i^Q. L. Hodge, Ph.D., Instructor of Sociology - Sociology ^ L V Howard, Ph.D., Professor and Chairman, De- partment of Political Science Political Science H M. James, M.Ed., Supervisor of Vocational Edu- cation, Allegany County, Maryland - Education ' J. E. JACOBI, Ph.D., Instructor of Sociology Sociology C S JOSLYN, Ph.D., Professor and Acting Head, Department of Sociology - Sociology M. A. JULL, Ph.D., Professor of Poultry Husbandry. Poultry Husbandry Raymond Jump, B.S., Principal, Tilghman School, Maryland Education Mary E. Kirkpatrick, M.S., Assistant Professor of Foods and Nutrition Home Economics ly Paul Knight, M.S., Assistant Professor of Ento- ^ 1 Entomology mology - / ' F Kramer, A.M., Associate Professor of Modern Languages German « '^ V. A. Lamb, Ph.D., Instructor in Chemistry ......Chemistry /- O. E. Lancaster, Ph.D., Instructor in Mathematics... Mathematics A. W. LiNDSEY, Ph.D., Professor and Head of De- partment of Biology, Denison University Zoology A. F. LiOTARD, A.B., Instructor in French French H. W. LiTTLEFiELD, A.M., Assistant Principal; Chair- man of the Social Studies Department, Ham- den High School, Connecticut Education E. L. LONGLEY, B.S., Instructor, Baltimore Poly- technic Institute -- Education 5 m \\ \^ J. W. Macmillan, Ph.D., Instructor in Psychology Psychology ^K. R. Marshall, Ph.D.. Associate Professor of Economics _ Economics L. C. Marshall, A.M., LL.D., Professor of Political Economy, The American University; Visiting Professor of Education, The Johns Hopkins University Education i^FRiTz Marti, Ph.D., Professor of Piiilosophy Education; Art ^ M. H. Martin, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Mathe- ^^*^^s -Mathematics ^ Frieda W. McFarland, A.M., Professor and Head, Textiles, Clothing and Art. _ Home Economics L-^ Edna B. McNaughton, A.M., Professor of Home Economics Education _ Education L. M. Miller, A.M., Director of Guidance, Rockland County, New York Education A^ Polly K. Moore, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Textiles and Clothing _ Home Economics *^Marie Mount, A.M., Dean, College of Home Eco- nomics; Professor of Home and Institution Management ......Home Economics l^Q, D. Murphy, A.M., Instructor in English English ^-^ALPH MoziNGO, Ph.D., Instructor in Chemistry. Chemistry ^Z, B. S. Norton, D.Sc, Professor of Botany Botany H. W. Olson, Ph.D., Professor and Head, Depart- ment of Biology, Wilson Teachers College, Washington, D. C Zoology A. G. Packard, M.S., Acting Supervisor, Vocational Industrial Education, City Department of Edu- cation, Baltimore, Maryland Education ^-^. E. Phillips, Ph.D.. Associate Professor of Zool- o^ - - Zoology t-^J. O. Powers, Ph.D., Professor of Education Education ^ Harlan Randall, Instiiactor in Music Music ^^ J. H. Reid, A.m., Instructor in Economics ^ Economics Kathryn Reidy, B.S., Supervisor, Graded Schools, Prince George's County, Maryland Music ^ D. W. Robertson, A.M., Instructor in English English U Mark Schweizer, A.M., Instructor ^ in Modern Lan- ^^^^s German Martha Sibley, A.M., Instructor, Division of Gen- eral Education, New York University Education C. Mabel Smith, A.M., Principal, Parkside School, Silver Spring, Maryland Education 6 'p. E. Smith, A.M., Insti-uctor in English English J. W. SpROWLS, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology Psychology R. G. Steinmeyer, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Political Science Political Science L. I. Strakhovsky, Ph.D., Professor of History History C. E. Temple, A.M., Professor of Plant Pathology; State Plant Pathologist Botany H. W. Thatcher, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of His- tory „ History Mabel B. Trilling, A.M., Professor of Home Eco- nomics Education, Carnegie Institute of Tech- nology _ - Education R. V. Truitt, Ph.D., Professor of Zoology; Director, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory -Zoology K. L. Turk, Ph.D.. Professor of Dairy Husbandry Dairy Husbandry W. J. Van Stockum, Ph.D., Instructor in Mathe- matics -. -Mathematics W. R. Volckhausen, A.M., Assistant in Mathe- matics - _ -.... -. -Mathematics W. P. Walker, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricul- tural Economics _ Agricultural Economics G. E. Waltheir, A.B., Instructor in Political Science...Political Science Claribel p. Welsh, A.M., Professor and Head of Foods and Nutrition _ _...JIome Economics J. Y. West, Ph.D., Professor of Science, State Teachers College, Towson, Maryland .General Science C. E. White, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry -....Chemistry Gladys A. Wiggin, A.M., Secretary, Adult Education Council, Denver, Colorado - -...Education Helen Wilcox, A.M., Instructor in Modem Lan- guages ..- - - - French R. I. Williams, A.B., Assistant Dean of Men; Director of Dramatics — -Dramatics R. S. Williamson, M.Ed., Head of Scientific Tech- nical Department, Baltimore City College Education Leland G. Worthington, A.M., Instructor in His- tory -....- History Alice W. Wygant, Acting Assistant Supervisor of Special Classes, City Department of Education, Baltimore, Maryland Education Marguerite Zapoleon, A.M., Specialist in Occupa- tions for Girls and Women, Office of Education, Washington, D. C ..Education 8 SUMMER SCHOOL GENERAL INFORMATION The twenty-sixth session of the Summer School of the University of Maryland will open Monday, June 24th, 1940, and continue for six weeks ending Friday, August 2nd. In order that there may be thirty class periods for each full course, classes will be held on Saturday, June 29th, and Saturday, July 6th, to make "up for time lost on registration day and on July 4th, respectively. There will be no classes or other collegiate activities held on July 4th, which will be observed as a legal holiday. The courses are planned to meet the needs of teachers in service and of students desiring to satisfy the requirements for Undergraduate and graduate degrees. LOCATION The University is located at College Park in Prince George's County, eight miles from Washington and thirty-two miles from Baltimore. College Park is a station on the B. & O. R. R. and on the City and Suburban Electric Railway. Local and inter-urban bus lines pass the University. Washington, with its wealth of resources for casual visitation, study, and recreation is easily accessible. TERMS OF ADMISSION Teachers and special students not seeking degrees are admitted to the courses of the Summer Session for which they are qualified. The admission requirements for those who desire to become candidates for degrees are the same as for any other session of the University. Before registering, a candidate for a degree will be required to consult the Dean of the College in which he seeks a degree. Graduates of accredited Normal Schools with satisfactory normal school records may be admitted to advanced standing in the College of Education, The objectives of the individual student determine the exact amount of credit allowed. The student is given individual counsel and advice as to the best procedure for fulfilling the requirements for a degree. ACADEMIC CREDIT The semester hour is the unit of credit, as in other sessions of the Uni- versity. A semester credit hour is one lecture or recitation a week for a semester, which is approximately seventeen weeks in length. Two or three hours of laboratory or field work are counted as equivalent to one lecture or recitation. During the summer session a lecture course meeting five times a week for six weeks requiring the standard amoimt of outside work, is given a weight of two semester hours. In exceptional cases, the credit allowance of a course may be increased on accoimt of additional individual work. This must be arranged with the instructor at time of registration and approved by the Director. Students who are matriculated as candidates for degrees will be credited towards the appropriate degree for satisfactory completion of courses. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND ^ Teachers and other students not seeking degrees will receive official re- ports specifying the amount and quality of work completed. These reports will be accepted by the Maryland State Department of Education and by the appropriate education authorities in other States for the extension and renewal of certificates in accordance with their laws and regulations. All courses offered in the Summer Session are creditable towards the appropriate degree. STUDENT SCHEDULES Six semester hours is the standard load for the Summer Session. For a program of more than six semester hours, see Expenses, p. 11. The program of every elementary school teacher should include at least one content course. Teachers should be careful not to elect courses that they have had in previous attendance at summer schools. Regularly registered students who wish to attend a course or a part of a course without doing the work connected therewith are permitted to enroll as auditors with the consent of the instructor in charge and approval of the Director. REGISTRATION Monday June 24th, is Registration Day. On this day the entire procedure of registration will be conducted in the Gymnasium by advisers director of admissions, registrar, and cashier. The hours are from 9 AM. to 5 P. M Students should register on or before this date and be ready for class work on the morning of Tuesday, June 25th. , , ...^^ Students living in the vicinity of the University are urged to register in persTn^^^^^^^^ Friday, and Saturday preceding the regular registra- tion day in the Summer School office. It is possible to register in advance by mail and reserve rooms by applying to the Director of the Summer School. . students may not -register after Saturday June 29th, except by spe-al permission of the Director and the payment of a fee of $2.00 for late '"^AllTourse cards for work in the Summer School must be countersigned by the Director or Registration Adviser before they are presented at the Reffistrar's office. • . j A student desiring to withdraw from a course for which he has registered will apply to the Director for a withdrawal permit. Unl!ss otherwise stated, courses listed will be offered in 1940 In gen^ eral courses for which less than five students apply will not be given. Such oiser^ll be held open until the end of the first weelc, June 2^^ at ^^.h time it will be determined by the Director whether they will be given. SUMMER GRADUATE WORK Graduate work in the Summer Session may be counted as residence tow'd an adTLced degree. By carrying approximately six semester hou^ of graduate work for four summer sessions and upon submittmg a satis- flcfo^ thesira student may be granted the degree of Master of Arts or MastS of Science. In some instances a fifth summer may be required m order that a satisfactory thesis may be completed. I? 10 SUMMER SCHOOL In the field of Education, a student has the option of qualifying for the degree of Master of Arts as explained above or for the degree of Master of Education. The latter will require five summers of attendance and 30 semester hours of course work. This will include intensive seminar courses in which one or more seminar papers in the student's major field are required. Teachers and other graduate students working for a degree on the summer plan must matriculate in the Graduate School, meet the same requirements, and proceed in the same way as do students enrolled in the other sessions of the University. For those seeking the Master's degree as qualification for the State High School PrincipaFs Certificate, approximately one-third of the course work should be "advanced study related to high school branches." In a number of departments courses are scheduled for a series of years, thus enabling students whose major or minor subjects are in these de- partments, to plan their work in orderly sequence. Full information in regard to general regulations governing graduate work may be had by writing to the Registrar for The Graduate School An- nouncements. Those expecting to register as graduate students should bring with them transcripts of their undergraduate records. Graduate credit towards an advanced degree may be obtained only by students regularly matriculated in the Graduate School. Certain special regulations governing graduate work in Education on the Summer plan are made available to students at time of registration. Each graduate student in Education should have a copy. COMMENCEMENT CONVOCATION A convocation will be held on Saturday morning, August 3, 1940 for conferring degrees upon students completing requirements for the bacca- laureate degree in the Summer Session. Students who expect to be eligible for the degree at the end of the session should notify the Registrar on or before July eighth. DORMITORIES Students are accommodated in the University dormitories up to the ca- pacity of the dormitories. The charge for rooms is as follows: New Dormitory (Men) Single Room $18.00 Double Room „ 15.00 Calvert Hall (C Section— Men) Single Room $16.00 Double Room 10.00 Fourth Floor Suites (for 4 persons) 10.00 Dormitory (Women) Single Room „ $18.00 Double Room 15.00 Large Rooms for 3 12.00 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND H Rooms may be reserved in advance, but will not be held later than noon of Tuesday June 25th. As the number of rooms is limited, early application for reservations is advisable. Men should address applications to Mrs. Mary Beaumont, Men's Dormitory Manager; women, to the Dean of Women. Requests for room reservations must be accompanied with a deposit of $3 00. Checks should be made payable to University of Maryland. This fee of $3.00 will be deducted from charge for room rent when the student registers; if he fails to occupy the room, the fee will be forfeited, unless application for refund is received by Wednesday, June 12th. The University dormitories will be open for occupancy the morning of June 24th. . Students attendmg the Summer School and occupying rooms in the dor- mitories will provide themselves with towels, pillows, pillow cases, sheets and blankets. Trunks should be marked plainly with name and address (dormitory and room number) if rooms have been assigned in advance. Trunks are trans- ported from the railroad station to dormitories by University trucks at a charge of 50 cents each. Trunks sent by express should be prepaid. Students who prefer to room off the campus, or who cannot be accommo- dated in the dormitory, may find accommodations in fraternity houses and boarding houses in College Park and in private homes m College Park and the nearby towns of Berwyn, Riverdale, and HyattsviUe. The University assumes no responsibility for rooms and board offered to summer session patrons outside of the University dormitories and din- ing room. DINING HALL Cafeteria food service is provided during the Summer Session for students and faculty. A new service counter, recently installed, makes possible the :^iing of a good variety of hot and cold items. Cost o food .s very reasonable, the total expenditure depending on mdmdual selection. EXPENSES The special fees ordinarily required in higher institutions, such as reg- istration fee, library fee, health service fee, and the like, are covered in the "General Fee" which is paid by all undergraduate students. General Fee (for all undergraduate students)..,..... ^^ ^_^f^^Q Room ' " ' . «/j Recreation and Entertainment Fee. -• Non-resident fee (for students not residents of Maryland or the District of Columbia) !"•"" The general fee of $20.00 entitles a student to the normal load of six semester hours. For each semester hour in excess of six, an additional fee of $4.00 will be charged. The "General Fee" is not charged to undergraduate students registering for three semester hours of credit or less. The charge for such students is at the rate of $6.00 per semester hour. m 12 SUMMER SCHOOL exinf tw TT "^- "^^T^ ^' ^^^ '^^ ""^'^ ^' ''""^^^^ t^ten for credit except that no charge is made to students who have paid the general fee for w^yrroMafnT' "^"""^ "' "^*"*=*"'- '=""^^"'«''' '^^ ' ^^^'^ -'- A special fee, which is specified in the descriptions of certain courses is charged for the use of laboratory and other materials. ' One-half of the fees, including laboratory fees, must be paid upon reg- istration, and the remainder at the beginning of the third week of L teZ. Expenses for Graduate Students-Instead of a "General Fee" of $20 00 the expenses for a graduate student are • f . , For full load of 6 semester hours, $25.00. For less than 6 semester hours, $6.00 per hour. Recreation and Entertainment Fee, $1.00. A diploma fee of $10.00. The non-resident fee does not apply to graduate students. REFUNDS wiJi^rm^e^rJir ''' '^^^^^ -- ^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^ ---. -^-^^ For withdrawal within five days after registration day full refund of general fee and laboratory fees, with a deduction of $2.00 to cover Lst If registration, will be made. Refunds for lodging will be pro-rat^ After five days and up to two weeks, refunds on all charges will be pro- rated with the deduction of $2.00 for cost of registration. After two weeks no refund will be granted. Applications for refunds must be made to the financial office and ap- proved by the Director. No refund will be paid until the application form has been signed by the Director and countersigned by the dormitory repr^ sentatives if the applicant rooms in a dormitory. STUDENT HEALTH The University Infirmary, located on the campus, in charge of the regu- lar Umversity physician and nurse, provides free medical service of a routine nature for the students in the Summer School. Students who are 111 should report promptly to the University physician, Dr. Leonard Hayes, either m person or by phone (Extension 124). THE LIBRARY .Z^l t;^ i^\T f'"'}^'"'^' completed in 1931, is an attractive, well equipped, and well lighted structure. The reading room on the second floor seats 236 and has about 5000 reference books and bound periodicals on open shelves. Ihe five-tier stack room is equipped with eighteen carrels for the use of advanced student. About 12,000 of the 85,000 volumes on the campus are shelved in the Chemistry and Entomology Departments, the Graduate bchool, and other units. Over 700 periodicals are currently received UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 13 The Library is open from 8.00 a. m. to 10.00 p. m. Monday through Friday; from 8.00 a. m. to 12.30 p. m. on Saturday; and from 2.30 p. m. to 10.00 p. m. on Sunday. The University Library is able to supplement its reference service by borrowing material from other libraries through Inter-library Loan and Bibliofilm Service, or by arranging for personal work in the Library of Congress, the United States Department of Agriculture Library, the United States Office of Education Librar>% and other agencies in Washington. PRIVATE INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC Instruction in piano and voice under private teachers may be had by a limited number of students. Details may be secured from Mr. Harlan Ran- dall of the Music Department. ASSEMBLY AND CONFERENCE PERIODS The intermission between the second and third class periods, from 9.50 to 10.30, is devoted to assembly programs and faculty-student conferences. The assembly programs will consist chiefly of talks on matters of current interest. They will begin and end promptly — at 9.55 and 10.25, respectively. Advance notice of assembly programs will be posted. The period on other days will be reserved for conference purposes. RECREATION AND STUDENT SOCIAL COMMITTEE In cooperation with the Student Life Committee of the University, the Student Social Committee administers the special fund derived from the "Recreational and Entertainment Fee'* of $1.00. The Student Social Committee is appointed by the Director of Summer Schoel at the beginning of each Summer Session. These committees are responsible for the promotion of social and recrea- tional activities. A general reception, several dances, and a variety of group social events are planned. The Departments of Physical Education and Athletics make available gymnasia, play fields, and tennis courts for general student recreation. Equipment for games and individual activities is provided from the "Recreational and Entertainment Fee." Supervision of the activities is provided by the Director of the Summer Session. Each student is urged to avail himself of the social and recreational advantages offered during the Summer Session. THE FRENCH SCHOOL A French School, through the medium of the French House (See p. 44 of this catalogue), offers to those who wish to perfect their spoken French the opportunity of living with native French people for six weeks and of taking part in a program of dramatic entertainments, games, and outings sponsored by the French School. For full description of the French School, send to the Director of the Summer Session for the Special Circular of Information. 14 SUMMER SCHOOL THE WORLD TODAY Attention is called to the course in Political Science entitled "The World Today" (p. 47) which is open under certain conditions to persons other than registered students. A special circular describing this course in detail may be had from the Director of the Summer Session. EVENING ENTERTAINMENTS Evening lectures and musical programs will be given at intervals during the session. There is no admission charge to registered students. C. C. C. EDUCATIONAL ADVISERS' CONFERENCE In cooperation with the Division of Educational Work of the Third Corps Area a conference is conducted for the Educational Advisers of this Area The program is under the direction of Dr. Thomas G. Bennett, Corps Area Educational Adviser. STATE PARENT-TEACHER CONFERENCE July 8-12 This conference is conducted under the auspices of the Maryland Congress of Parents and Teachers, with the cooperation of the National Congress of Parents and Teachers and the University of Maryland. It is for parents and teachers who are concerned about the difficult problems facing education in the United States and the function of the parent-teacher movement in relation to education. It offers an opportunity for the study of the objects, program, activities, and procedures of the local Parent-Teacher Association as the vital unit of an adult education movement which functions on a state, national, and international basis. DESCRIPTIONS OF COURSES Designation of Courses Courses with an S before the number, e.g., Ed. S 11, are special Summer School courses and are not offered during the regular collegiate year. Courses with an S following the number, as Ed. Psych. 103 S are modifi- cations to meet Summer School conditions, of courses of the same number in the University catalogue. Courses without the S, as Bact. 1 and courses followed by "f" or "s" are identical with courses of the same symbol and number in the University catalogue. Courses numbered 1 to 99 are for undergraduate students only. Courses numbered 100 to 199 are for advanced undergraduates and gradu- ates; courses numbered 200 and above are for graduate students only. The symbols Eng., Ed., etc., refer to the departmental grouping under which such courses are found in the general catalogue. The number of credit hours is shown by the Arabic numeral in parenthesis following the title of the course. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 15 AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGEMENT A. E. 103 S. Cooperation in Agriculture (2). — Not given in 1940. A. E. 106 S. Prices of Farm Products (2).— Not given in 1940. A. E. 108 S. Farm Management (2).— Not given in 1940. A. E. 109 S. Research Problems (2).— A. First three weeks (1); B. second three weeks (1) — To be arranged. Dr. DeVault. With the permission of the instructor, students will work on any research problems in agricultural economics or farm management which the students choose, or a special list of subjects will be made up from which the students may select their research problems. There will be occasional class meetings for the purpose of reports on progress of work, methods of approach, etc. A. E. 203 S. Research (8). — For graduate students only. Not more than 2 credits will be granted for work done in one summer session. Dr. DeVault. Students will be assigned research work in agricultural economics or farm management under the supervision of the instructor. The w^ork will consist of original investigation in problems of agricultural economics or farm management and the results will be presented in the form of a thesis. A. E. 215 S. Land Economics (2). — A. First three weeks (1); B. second three weeks (1); 8.00, lA-120. Mr. Coddington. This course deals with the economics of land welfare. It presents such facts about land as: land classification, characteristics, utilization and con- servation, insofar as these involve human relationships. Concepts of land and land economy are discussed as well as land policies and land planning. A. E. 211 S. Taxation in Theory and Practice (2). — A. First three weeks (1); B. second three weeks (1); 9.00, lA-120. Dr. DeVault, Mr. Walker. Ideals in taxation; economic effects of taxation upon the welfare of society; theory of taxation — the general property tax, business and license taxes, the income tax, the sales tax, special commodity taxes, inheri- tance and estate taxes; recent shifts in taxing methods and recent tax reforms; conflicts and duplication in taxation among governmental units. The specific relations of taxation to public education will be emphasized. ANIMAL AND DAIRY HUSBANDRY A. H. S 150. Beef Cattle (1).— Not given in 1940. A summary course primarily designed for vocational agriculture teachers. This course deals with the principles involved in practical economical beef production. Topics discussed will include: the selection of breeding stock, management problems and practices, the feeding of the commercial herd and fattening steers; general market problems. D. H. S 150. Advanced Dairy Production (1). — (First three weeks) — Four lectures, one laboratory. To be arranged. Dr. Turk. This course is designed primarily for teachers of vocational agriculture and county agricultural agents. It will cover the newer discoveries in dairy feeding and nutrition, breeding, and herd health with special emphasis on their practical application to dairy farming problems. 16 SUMMER SCHOOOL ART Art S 1. Art for the Schools (2).— 8.00-9.50, N-106. Miss Billows. The work required in this course is done in the two assigned hours of theory and practice. An exploratory course introducing old and new materials of instruction with experience in the different uses and possibilities of many brands of crayons, chalks, water colors, easel paints, temperas, charcoal, inks, dyes, frescol, rayons, finger paint, papers, adhesives, etc., for illustration, mural painting, dictation, object and figure drawing, elementary perspec- tive, composition, design, outdoor sketch, lettering for simple posters, etc., block printing, stencil, celluloid dry point, batiks, etc. Aids for introducing and adapting the above to different age levels of children; for building creative thought and expression in elementary and secondary schools; for seeing art as another means of expression in the present-day course of living; and for seeing artistic possibilities in the subject-matter fields and in the interests of the children. Craft materials as cork, plaster of paris, woods, metal, beads, leather, clay, sjnithetic ambers, etchall, plastic marble, materials for weaving, etc., are available for use as far as time permits. Emphasis is also placed upon selection, organization, use and care of materials and tools; upon evaluation of work and measuring growth; upon bulletin board arrangements; upon practical appreciation, etc. No prerequisite in Arts is required. Students will work according to their own ability and need only interest and a willingness to work. Art S 2. Advanced Art for the Schools. Prerequisite, Art 1 or equiva- lent. 10.30-12.10, N-106. Miss Billows. The work required in this course is done in the two assigned hours of theory and practice. Emphasis is placed upon building more technical knowledge and ability in any of the divisions of Art which are listed in the Art 1 exploratory course, such as: object or figure drawing, composition — mural painting, illustration, outdoor sketch, applied design, lettering and posters and the like or upon the processes of block printing, clay modelling, wood carving, simple weaving, metal work and the like. Art S 111. Principles of Art Appreciation (2).— 9.00, AS-18. Dr. Marti. The interest in art is growing, in this country, but many among the educated are at a loss as to the proper approach to art, and the best enjoyment of it. This course is designed to help them, by means -of lectures profusely illustrated with slides, by class discussion of principles, and by occasional visits to museums. The increasing art activities in our schools confront teachers with the task of gruiding their pupils to an intelligent appreciation of the contempo- rary creations as well as of older works of art. A reasonable amount of time will be given to the pedagogical application of the principles studied in this course. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND BACTERIOLOGY 17 Bact. 1. General Bacteriology (4).— Five lectures; five two-hour labora- tories. Lecture, 1.30, T-311; laboratory, 8.00, T-301. Laboratory fee, $5.00. Staff. . A brief history of Bacteriology; microscopy; bacteria and their relation to nature; morphology; classification; metabolism; bacterial enzymes; appli- cation to water, milk, food, and soil; relation to the industries and to disease. Preparation of culture media; sterilization and disinfection; micro- scopic and macroscopic examination of bacteria; isolation, cultivation, and identification of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria; effects of physical and chemical agents; microbiological examinations. BOTANY Bot. 1 S. General Botany (4).— Not given in 1940. Bot. 3 S. General Botany (4).— Prerequisite, Bot. 1 S or equivalent. Five lectures and five two-hour laboratory periods per week. Lecture, 1.30, T-208; laboratory, 8.00, T-209. Laboratory fee, $3.00. Dr. Brown. A continuation of Bot. 1 S, but with emphasis upon the evolutionary development of the plant kingdom and the morphological changes corre- lated with it. A study of the algae, fungi, liverworts, mosses, ferns and their relatives, and the seed plants. Several field trips will be arranged. Bot. 4 S. Local Flora (2). Not given in 1940. Bot 102 S. Plant Taxonomy (2).— Prerequisite, Bot. 1 S or equivalent. Two lectures, one laboratory, and a field trip per week. Lecture, M.,W., 1.30, T-218; laboratory, T., 1.30, T-209; field trip, Th., 1.30. Laboratory fee, $3.00. Dr. Norton. Classification of the vegetable kingdom and the principles underlying it; the use of other sciences and all phases of botany as taxonomic ^onndMs; methods of taxonomic research in field, ^^^^^^^ .^^'^^^'''^'^^^^^ Each student will work on a special problem during a part of the labora- tory time. Bot. 204 S. Research in Morphology and Taxonomy (4-6).— To be arranged. Dr. Norton, Dr. Bamford. Pit. Path. 205 S. Research in Plant Pathology (4.6).-To be arranged. Dr. Norton, Professor Temple. Pit. Phys. 206 S. Research in Plant Physiology (4-6).— To be arranged. Dr. Appleman, Dr. DuBuy. . , t i. For other courses in Botany, see "Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, p. 51. CHEMISTRY Chem lys. General Chemistry (4).— Five lectures; five laboratories. Prerequisite, Inorg. Chem. If. Laboratory fee, $7.00. Lecture, 9.00, DD-307. Lab., 1.30-4.20, DD-9. Dr. White. A study of the general principles of inorganic chemistry with special reference to the metallic elements. This is the second semester of the usual freshman course. 18 SUMMER SCHOOL UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 19 Chem. 8 As. Elementary Organic Chemistry (4).-Two lectures daily; to be arrang-ed. Dr. Drake. Chem. 8As and 8Bs will satisfy the premedical requirements in Organic Chemistry. All courses in organic chemistry will begin on June 10 1940 and contmue until the close of the regular summer session. (Students whJ elect such courses should note that the dormitories are not available to summer school students until the beginning of the regular summer session.) Chem. 8 Bs. Elementary Organic Laboratory (2).— Two laboratories daily. To be arranged. Dr. Drake. This course is so arranged that a student who has completed either half of course 8By of the regular academic year may take the course for half credit. The content of the course corresponds exactly to that of Chem. 8 By. Chem. 12 S. Elements of Organic Chemistry (6).— Two lectures per day. Laboratory equivalent to five three-hour periods per week. Lecture and laboratory to be arranged. Laboratory fee $8.00. Dr. Broughton and assistant. The chemistry of carbon and its compounds in its relation to biology. This course is particularly designed for students in Agriculture and Home Economics. Chem. 15 S. Introduction to General Chemistry (2).— Five lectures a week. 8.00, DD-307. Dr. Haring. The purpose of this course is to develop an appreciation of the science of chemistry, its application in modern life and its possibilities. Lectures will be accompanied by demonstrations. The course will be descriptive rather than quantitative. The subjects for consideration have been chosen because of their general appeal, economic importance and educational value. The course does not fulfill the prerequisite requirements for advanced courses in chemistry. Chem. S 100. Special Topics for Teachers of Elementary Chemistry (2). —Prerequisite, Inorg. Chem. ly or equivalent. 11.30, DD-307. Dr. White. A study of the method of presentation and the content of a High School Chemistry Course. It is designed chiefly to give a more complete under- standing of the subject matter than is usually contained in an elementary course. Some of the more recent advances in Inorganic Chemistry will be discussed. *Chem. 102Af. Physical Chemistry (3).— Eight lectures a week. Hours to be arranged. DD-208. Prerequisites, Chem. 6y; Phys. 2y; Math. 23y. Dr. Haring. For those taking laboratory, graduates will elect Chem. 219f (2) and undergraduates, Chem. 102Bf (2). This is an advanced course intended for chemistry majors and others desiring a thorough background in quantitative chemical theory. Gases, liquids, solids solutions, electrolytic conductivity, etc. are discussed. *Chem. 102As. Physical Chemistry (3).— Eight lectures a week. Hours to be arranged. DD-208. Prerequisite, Chem. 102Af. Dr. Haring. The accompanying laboratory courses are Chem. 219s (2) for graduates and Chem. 102Bs (2) for undergraduates. A continuation of Chem. 102Af. Subjects considered are elementary thermodynamics, equilibrium, kinetics, electromotive force, etc. *Chem. 102Bf. Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2). — Five laboratories a week. Prerequisites, Chem. 4f or s or Chem. 6y. Laboratory fee, $7.00. 1.30-4.20, DD-208. Dr. Haring. The course must accompany or be preceded by Chem.l02Af. Eighteen quantitative experiments are performed. These are chosen to illustrate the lectures and acquaint the student with precise technique. *Chem. 102Bs. Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2). — Five laboratories a week. Prerequisite, Chem. 102Bf. Laboratory fee, $7.00. 1.30-4.20, DD-208. Dr. Haring. The course must accompany or be preceded by Chem. 102As. This is a continuation of Chem. 102Bf. Chem. 103Ay. Elements of Physical Chemistry (4). — Ten lectures a week. Prerequisites, Chem. ly, Phys. ly, Math. 10s or 22s. 9.00 and 10.30, DD-208. Dr. Haring or Dr. Lamb. Undergraduates taking this course must elect Chem. 103By (2). The course covers the same general material as Chem. 102Af and Chem. 102As but the treatment is less detailed. Since it is intended especially for premedical students and others not majoring in chemistry, the subjects stressed are those of greater interest to this class. Chem. 103By. Elements of Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2). — Five laboratories a week. Prerequisite, Chem 4f or s. Laboratory fee, $7.00. 1.30-4.20, DD-208. Dr. Haring or Dr. Lamb. This course must accompany or be preceded by Chem. 103Ay. The course involves the performance of numerous quantitative experi- ments of particular interest to premedical students, etc. All courses in organic chemistry will begin on June 10, 1940, and con- tinue until the close of the regular summer session. (Students who elect such courses should note that the dormitories are not available to summer school students until the beginning of the regular summer session.) Chem. 117y. Organic Laboratory (2). — Laboratories equivalent to five three-hour periods a week. Laboratory fee, $8.00. To be arranged. Dr. Mozingo. This course is devoted to an elementary study of organic qualitative analysis. The work includes the identification of unknown organic com- pounds, and corresponds to the more extended course, Chem. 207. Chem. 118y. Advanced Organic Laboratory (2). — Laboratories equivalent to five three-hour periods a week. Laboratory fee, $8.00. To be arranged. Dr. Mozingo. A study of organic quantitative analysis and the preparation of organic compounds. Quantitative determinations of carbon and hydrogen, nitrogen and halogen are carried out, and syntheses more difficult than those of Chem. 8By are studied. Chem. 201f. Introduction to Spectrographic Analysis (1). — Three lab- oratory periods a week. Laboratory fee, $7.00. To be arranged. Dr. White. This course is designed to give the student the fundamental laboratory principles of spectrographic analysis. 20 SUMMER SCHOOL Chem. 205s. Organic Preparations (2-4). — Laboratory equivalent to five to ten three-hour periods a week. Laboratory fee, $8.00. Consent of in- structor. To be arranged. Dr. Mozingo. A laboratory course devoted to the preparation of typical organic sub- stances and designed for those students whose experience in this field is deficient. Chem. 210S. Advanced Organic Laboratory (4 or 6). — To be arranged. Laboratory fee, $8.00. Dr. Mozingo. Students electing this course should elect Chem. 116y. The content of the course is essentially that of Chem. 117y and 118y, but may be varied within wide limits to fit the needs of the individual student. *Chem. 212Af. Colloid Chemistry (2). — Five lectures a week. Pre- requisite, Chem. 102Ay. To be arranged. DD-208. Dr. Haring. In this course detailed consideration is given to the phenomena observed when surfaces become very great. *Chem. 212Bf. Colloid Chemistry Laboratory (2). — Five laboratories a week. Laboratory fee, $7.00. 1.30-4.20, DD-208. Dr. Haring. This course must accompany or be preceded by Chem. 212Af. A wide selection of experiments, mostly qualitative, serve to illustrate colloid phenomena and techniques. ♦Chem. 219f. Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2). — Five laboratories a week. Prerequisites, Chem. 4f or s, or Chem. 6y. Laboratory fee, $7.00. 1.30-4.20, DD-208. Dr. Haring. This course is to be elected by graduate students desiring laboratory with Chem. 102As. *Chem. 219s. Physical Chemistry Laboratory (2). — Five laboratories a week. Prerequisite, Chem. 102Bf. Laboratory fee, $7.00. L30-4.20, DD-208. Dr. Haring. This course is to be elected by graduate students desiring laboratory with Chem. 102As. Chem. 229s. Research (6).— The Chemistry Staff. The investigation of special problems and the preparation of a thesis towards the advanced degree. DRAMATICS Dram. 1 f. Amateur Play Production (2). — 11.30, T-26. Mr. Williams. A brief survey of the mechanics used in the theatre from early Greek tragedy to contemporary times. Plays of the major periods studied with attention to the method of creating theatrical effectiveness. ♦Of these subjects, any one lecture course with the corresponding laboratory, may be offered in 1940. The choice will be governed by the demand. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 21 ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Econ. 51S and 52S. Principles of Economics (6).— 8.00-9.50, 10.30; and M. T., 11.30, AS-214. Mr. Reid. A study of theories underlying production, consumption, exchange, and distribution; practical application of these theories to modem life. Acct. 51f and 52s. Principles of Accounting (8).— 8.00-9.50; 10.30-12.20; AS-313. Mr. Cissel. A basic course presenting accounting as a means of control and as intro- ductory to advanced and specialized accounting. A study is made of methods and procedures of accounting in the sole proprietorship, partner- ship, and corporation. Econ. 53 S. Money and Banking (2). — Prerequisite, Econ. 51f. 8.00, AS-212. Dr. Marshall. An analysis of the basic principles of money, credit, and banking. *Econ. 105 S. Business Organization and Control (2). — Prerequisite, Econ. 51f or consent of instructor. 9.00, AS-212. Dr. Marshall. A study of the various types of business organizations, and methods of control for large corporations. Types of organizations are studied from the viewpoint of legal status, relative efficiency, and social effects. *Econ. 119 S. Current Economic Problems (2). — Prerequisite, 51f or consent of instructor. 9.00, AS-212. Dr. Marshall. Current economic problems are studied from the viewxxoint of the economist. EDUCATION Commercial Education Ed. S 255. Principles and Problems in Commercial Education (2). — 10.30, Q-202. Mr. Edgeworth. This course will, through the history of commercial education, develop the recognized basic principles in this field as they apply to the junior and senior high schools and the vocational school on both the undergraduate and post graduate levels. Special emphasis will be placed on the individual problems presented by the members of the class. Ed. S 256. Organization, Administration, and Supervision of Commer- cial Education (2).— 9.00, Q-202. Mr. Edgeworth. This course will deal with the technique of organizing commercial educa- tion programs for the various types and sizes of communities, and of planning the necessary layouts, equipment, textbooks and supplies. Prin- ciples of administration and supervision will be applied to the field of commercial education. Seo also Ed. S 159. The Teaching of Economic Geography, p. 32. ♦The one for which there is the greater demand will be given. 22 SUMMER SCHOOL Elementary Education Ed. S 35. Literature for Children in the Elementary School (2). — 11.30, P-202. Mrs. Sibley. This course makes a comprehensive survey of materials and methods in developing appreciation of literature in the six grades of the elementary school. The topics which will be considered are: the various types of literature; selecting literature on the basis of children's interest— and maturity— levels; the purposes to be achieved through literature; and devel- opment of literary taste. Folk stories and songs, classic myths, legends and hero tales, literature from the Bible, informational material and the realistic story, poetry, and the modem fanciful tale form the content of the course. In addition to the instruction offered in the usual treatment of poetry, the materials and methods of choral speech will be considered. Ed. S 36. Oral and Written Composition in the Elementary School (2).— 10.30, P-202. Mrs. Sibley. This course deals with the teaching of language in the elementary school. Help in planning a series of graded language activities within a grade and within the scope of the elementary school is provided. The common language activities demanded by life outside the school and denianded by representative courses of study in language will form the basis of the instruction. Special attention will be given to sentence build- ing, paragraph construction, and correct usage. Ed. S 37. The Three R's in the Modem School (2).— 9.00. P-202 Mrs Sibley. The purpose of this course is to make clear the fundamental importance of the three R's in the modern elementary school. Reading, writing, spell- ing, and arithmetic are treated as skills that are basic to the enriched curriculum of the typical school. Conversely, the enriched curriculum, rationally organized and interpreted, supplies the medium in which the three R's can operate with meaning. The instruction offered in this course provides the teachers with a knowledge of how to teach the neces- sary skills and how to apply these skills in vital situations. To add con- creteness to the work, demonstration lessons are given by the instmctor with children on various maturity levels. See also especially courses in the following groups: Art, p. 16; Elemen- tary-Secondary, p. 22; General Science, p. 37; Geography, p. 37; Industrial Education, p. 28; Music, p. 46; Physical Education, p. 29; Psychology, p. 49; Special Education, p. 34. Elementary-Secondary Ed. S 119. The School and the Social Studies. This subject is presented in two units, each carrying two semester hours of credit. The "B" unit is open only to students who have had Ed. S 119 in former years or who take the "A'' unit concurrently in the 1940 session. A. The Fundamental Social Processes (2) — 8.00, AS-131. Dr. Marshall. This unit of the course, presented as an aid to more effective instmction m the social studies in the elementary and secondary schools, is organized UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 23 in terms of the basic processes of human living. These fundamental social processes have persisted in all cultures of all peoples of all times; and each of them is today present in every group, large or small, personal or impersonal, to which it is appropriate. They may be thought of as patterns underlying the complex details of our living-patterns which are intimately in the experiential background of even young children, and yet reach out to all social living. They are, accordingly, significant foci of thinking and planning in the social studies. They are here examined, one after another, in terms of both their content and their bearing upon organi- zation of the curriculum. It is suggested that members of the class provide themselves with the Maryland School Bulletin, Vol. 20, No. 1, Curriculum Materials in the Social Studies for the Intermediate Grades. B. Classroom Procedure (2). — 9.00, AS-131. Dr. Marshall and Mr Jump. This unit of the course is designed to present to teachers of all grades a practical application of the philosophy inherent in the basic social process approach to the social studies. For this purpose the social studies curricu- lum materials now in use, those which are in preparation in the counties of Maryland, and those which expert opinion suggests will be considered and interpreted from the process-approach point of view. The selection of materials, the organization of teaching units within course of study units, and teaching techniques employed for the purpose of preparing boys and girls to live together better in our American democracy will be emphasized. Students should bring wdth them their copies of the Maryland School Bulletin, Vol. 20, No. 1, Curriculum Materials in the Social Studies for the Intermediate Grades. Ed. S 144. Oral Interpretation of Literature in the School (2). — 8.00, S-310. Miss Everts. Course designed to increase the teacher's power to aid the children to interpret literature with attention on voice, diction, phrasing, intonation, pronounciation, and the elimination of provincialisms and minor speech difficulties. Practical application of speech forms and methods of interpre- tation through prose and poetry speaking in groups. Ed. S 145. Dramatics in the Classroom (2).— 11.30, S-310. Miss Everts. The development of creativeness and self-expression through dramatiza- tion of literature and the correlation of dramatics with regular school subjects. The course includes a study of problems met by the teacher in both classroom and auditorium. Time will be given to the discussion of dramatic presentation in home rooms and small assembly rooms. Guidance Ed. S 194. Introductory Course in Educational and Vocational Guidance (2).— 8.00, N-101. Mr. Miller. This is a basic introductory course in the Principles of Guidance and a study of their application to the problems of the educational and vocational adjustment of the school child. It deals with the procedures and tech- 24 SUMMER SCHOOL niques of guidance in the elementary and secondary schools. This course is a prerequisite for anyone who wishes to specialize in vocational guidance and become a certified or qualified counselor. Those who select this course should be those who will be administrating a guidance program or who have some assurance that they will have some specific guidance jobs assigned to them. Ed. S 197. Occupational Information (2). — 11.30, N-101. Miss Corre. This course is designed to give counselors, teachers of social studies, school librarians, as well as other workers in the field of guidance and education, a background of educational and occupational information which is basic for counseling and teaching. The course involves a study of the existing sources of occupational information, an evaluation of books and pamphlets presenting occupational information. Members of the class will take field trips to observe various types of employment at first hand, and will make individual reports of occupations in order to learn desirable techniques of gathering and evaluating such information. Special emphasis will be placed upon methods of filing and preserving the information acquired. Ed. S 294. Counseling Techniques (2) .—Prerequisite, Ed. S 194 or equiv- alent. 10.30, N-101. Mr. Miller. In special cases Ed. S 194 and this course may be taken concurrently. This course defines the job of the counselor. It deals with the tech- niques involved in the analysis of the individual and available aids. Ed. S 298. The Teacher's Role in Guidance (2).— 9.00, N-101. Miss Corre. This course is designed to help the class room teacher realize how he can help in the adjustment of the individual. Emphasis will be placed upon understanding the problems of individual members of the class; methods that may be used in helping to solve these problems; individual records; the use of community resources. It will also deal with materials which may form the basis for class discussion, thus providing pupils with a background which will assist them in helping to solve their social, educational, and vocational problems. The technique discussed will be related to the work of the teacher, as well as to the counselor or guidance specialist. Ed. S 299. Field Course in Occupations (2).— June 10-June 21, inclusive First fioor. Administration Building, Lombard and Greene Streets, Baltimore Maryland. Mrs. Zapoleon. ' This course is designed to give counselors and teachers of occupational information first hand contact with industry and business by plant visita- tion. The entire day will be used for a period of ten days, June 10- June 21, inclusive. There will be a two-hour lecture period each morning dealing with the larger general aspects of occupations, as well as effective means of presenting occupational material. The afternoon will be spent in plant visitation in Baltimore. Enrollment only with the approval of the instructor. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 25 History, Principles, and Administration Ed. S 104. Philosophy of Education (2).— 11.30, Q-202. Dr. Marti. The problems of philosophy touch upon the essentials of life. To many, such problems seem insoluble. They are insoluble as long as they appear in the guise of questions so badly put that the very form of the question makes it unanswerable. Philosophy teaches us to ask each question properly, and thus shows us the way to the answer. True education leads forth into fuller life. The fundamental problems of education are philosophical. This course puts within reach of teacher and parent the main pedagogical results of philosophy. Students will receive systematic help in developing a proper technique of dealing with their own basic problems, as learners and teachers. Ed. S 114. Educational Foundations (2).— 10.30, R-100. Mr. Broome. This course is devoted to the examination of education and of the school with its tasks in the light of the more recent psychology and a social outlook in a democracy. This course is open only to normal school gradu- ates and to students who have the equivalent, in experience and summer school study, of normal school graduation or the equivalent in college work. Ed. S 115. Seminar in Course of Study Construction (2).— 11.30, R-100. Miss Smith. This course is planned for those students who wish to prepare themselves for participation in curriculum programs in their owti school systems or for those who wish to construct curriculum materials for their own or others' use. It is a problem course and is designed to meet the needs of individual students who are invited to bring to the university their own curriculum problems where they may have the help of the instructor in solving them. The class periods will be devoted to a consideration of the general prin- ciples and procedures in curriculum construction. Individual conference periods will be arranged with each student at which time he will receive special direction in the solution of his problem. Students may construct new curriculum materials, revise existing curricula, or devote their time to a consideration of the various procedures represented in current cur- riculum making. Ed. S 116. The Administration of Instruction (2). — 9.00, R-100. Mr. Broome. This course will survey the major conflicting theories and practices of present-day education in order to consider critically the related problems in administration and management. The course will deal with administra- tion from the point of view of the whole child. Normal school graduation or equivalent is a prerequisite for the course. Texts and references to be assigned. Ed. S 117. Education of Gifted Children (2).— 10.30, S-130. Dr. Carroll. The purposes of this course are to present to teachers, supervisors, and administrators the chief facts concerning the characteristics of children of exceptional ability and to discuss various plans for their mt)re effective education. 26 SUMMER SCHOOL Ed. S 118. Statistical Method (2).— 11.30, S-130. Dr. Carroll. This course deals with the use and application of statistical methods in education, with emphasis on the fundamentals needed for understanding professional literature. Candidates for the degree of Master of Education may offer this course in satisfaction of the specific requirement for that degree of work in statistical methods or tests and measurements. Ed. 193 S. Visual Education (2).— 8.00, HE-5. Fee, $1.00. Dr. Brech- bill. Visual impressions in their relation to learning; investigations into the effectiveness of instruction by visual means; projection apparatus, its cost and operation; slides, film strips, and films; physical principles underlying projection; the integration of visual materials with organized courses of study; means of utilizing commercial moving pictures as an aid in realizing the aims of the school. Ed. 200 S. Organization and Administration of Public Education (2). 8.00, S-307. Dr. Blauch. This course deals with the principal features of public education in the United States. The scope, organization, administration, and financial sup- port of public schools, the school plant and equipment, school attendance, and private and parochial schools are among the topics to be considered. Special attention will be given to public education in Maryland and the District of Columbia and in nearby States. The course is designed for teachers who are interested in some of the educational problems now con- fronting the public and the educational profession, as well as for prin- cipals, supervisors, and superintendents. (Recommended for students in second summer of graduate work.) Ed. 205 S. Utilization of Tests and Measurements in Education (2) 8.00, Q-203. Mr. Packard. This course deals with the selection, interpretation, evaluation, and classi- fication of tests from the viewpoint of the classroom teacher, the principal, the supervisor, the administrator, and the guidance personnel. New de- velopments in the field will receive special attention. Tests in the various fields of academic achievement, attitudes, interests, aptitude, and personality will be considered. Emphasis will be placed on how to select tests, collect and interpret data, and utilize the findings. *Ed. S 213. Seminar in Federal Relations to Education (2). 9.00, S-307. Dr. Blauch. The national interest in education, the educational problem confronting the nation in recent years, federal emergency agencies and education, fed- eral aid now provided for various types of educational service in the states, curriculum and other educational materials published by the federal gov- ernment, recent proposals for the extension of federal aid to education, and services to teachers and schools by the federal government are among the problems treated. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 27 *Ed. S 218. Seminar in Consumer Education (2).— 8.00, S-204. Mr. Lit- tlefield. Consumer education is an answer to the demands for subject matter in the social sciences that has definite practical value. The general aim is to help develop a more intelligent consumer population. Problems considered are: (1) types of subject matter, (2) bibliographies, (3) materials, and (4) methods. Field trips to the government bureaus of: (1) Standards, (2) Food and Drug, and (3) Home Economics. This course is especially valuable to teachers of social sciences, business subjects, and home eco- nomics, and to principals and administrators interested in introducing consumer problems into the curriculum as a separate course or as units within present subjects. *Ed. 234 S. Seminar in Comparative Education (2).— 10.30, N-lOo. Dr. Benjamin. This seminar is devoted to special problems of national education systems with particular emphasis on the educational goals and procedures of various European and Latin-American states. Ed S 291. Principles of Adult Education (2).— 11.30, N-105. Miss Wiggin. The course includes a study of adult educational agencies, both formal and informal, with special reference to the development of adult education in the United States, the interests and abilities of adults, and the tech- niques of adult learning. Emphasis is laid on practical aids for teachers of various types of adult groups. Home Economics Education H. E. Ed. 102 S. Child Study (2).— 10.30, HE-222. Miss McNaughton. Study of the physical, mental, social, and emotional development of children; observation of children in the nursery school; adaptation of material to teaching child care in the high school. Arrangements may be made for one additional credit by doing observation and specia,l work. H. E. Ed. 203 S. General Methods in Home Economics Education (1). — (First three weeks)— 11.30, HE-222. Miss Trilling. Discussion and conferences on the organization of units for secondary schools, criteria for the selection of subject matter, consideration of recent studies and investigations, emphasis on important current problems, such as. Consumer Education and Housing. Student participation in setting up problems. H. E. Ed. S 204. Methods of Teaching Related Art (1).— (First three weeks)— 8.00, HE-135. Miss Trilling. Objectives of art education, criteria for the selection of art experiences, organization of units for various grade levels, the technic of the art lesson, visual instruction in art education. Consideration of the present problems of the home economics teacher. ♦Candidates for the degree of Master of Education electing this seminar may write one of their required reports in connection with this course. 28 SUMMER SCHOOL Industrial Education UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 29 Summer Session courses in Industrial Education are primarily for advanced undergraduates and graduates. Ind. Ed. S 65. Hand Craft (2).— 1.30-3.20, Q-102. Laboratory fee, $2.50. Mr. Williamson. Arts and crafts experiences in designing and constructing projects in woodwork, weaving, bookbinding, metalwork, leatherwork, block printing, and practice with other materials to meet teaching situation needs. Home mechanics activities such as repairing household electrical appliances are included. Processes are taught in the use of oil stains, water colors, shellac, varnishes, wax polishes, paints, and stencils; also procedures in the selec- tion and care of tools, equipment and supplies. The course is especially adapted to help academic teachers with the work activity period, and those engaged in scouting, recreation, and hobby club activities. Teachers of art, of special education, of physical education, of subjects related to shopwork, and those interested in directing homecraft, craft work or teaching evening school hand crafts will profit in the course. Note. Beginning and advanced groups are organized to work concurrently. Ind. Ed. S 105. Metal Work (2).— 8.00-9.50, Q-102. Laboratory fee, $5.00. Mr. Longley. Creative work in the designing and construction of projects in sheet metal, band iron, and other forms of mild steel for industrial arts and general industrial classes. This course is concerned with the development of fundamental skills and knowledges in general metal work. Beginning and advanced students will be organized to work concurrently. Ind. Ed. S 108. Electricity (2).— 10.30-12.20, Q-104. Laboratory fee, $2.50. Mr. Gallington. The essentials of electricity in industrial and other life situations. Units of work are completed in house and signal wiring, power wiring, auto- ignition, and the fundamental principles involved in direct current machin- ery, and alternating current machinery. It provides teachers of electricity with sufficient material and data to cope with the problems of constructing electrical projects in high school classes. Ind. Ed. S 109. Machine Shop (2).— 1.30-3.20, P-103. Mr. Hennick. Shop practicum in bench work, turning, planing, shaping, drilling, thread cutting, grinding, fluting, and gear cutting. Only students having completed elementary courses in drawing and metal work are advised to take this course. Equivalent abilities and experience are acceptable. Ind. Ed. S 116. History of Vocational Education (2).— 11.30, Q-203. Mr. Williamson. An overview of the history and growth of industrial arts and vocational education in the United States. It deals chiefly with the period dating from the Philadelphia Centennial in 1876. Ind. Ed. S 164. Shop Organization and Management (2). — 8.00, Q-202. Mr. James. This course recapitulates methods of organization and management for teaching shop subjects. It deals with class organization and management of pupils; selection of projects; pupils progress charts; daily programs; selec- tion, location, and care of tools, machines, equipment, and supplies; inven- tories and requisitions; shop layouts; and good housekeeping. Procedures in organization and management in typical industrial plants are considered. Voc. Ed. S 168. Testing for Pupil Adjustment (2).— 9.00, Q-203. Mr. Packard. A description and explanation of concrete procedures in a public school program of vocational education. The course is based upon the instructor's practical experience in the Baltimore school system over a period of more than ten years. Consideration is given to four functional aspects of testing: diagnostic and remedial treatment; the measurement of achievement; the process of try-out and readjustment; and prognostic testing for pupil clas- sification and placement. It is designed to assist teachers of industrial arts and the various forms of vocational education in both urban and rural high schools. Graduate Student Conferences in Industrial Education. — 9.50-10.20, Q-203. Group conferences, Tuesday and Thursday. Individual conferences on other days to be arranged. Mr. Brown and staff. All graduate students in Industrial Education courses numbered in the 100 series are required to attend these conferences, in which the work of these courses is critically analyzed with reference to values, place in the curriculum, special methods, and fimctional relationships to each other and to other education areas in a program of industrial arts and vocational education. Voc. Ed. S 222. Seminar in Vocational Education (2).— 10.30, Q-203. Mr. Brown. This seminar deals with the issues and functions of vocational education, particularly in respect to the emerging changes in educational planning on the secondary school level. The course is intended for graduate students in all the education areas who are interested in current interpretations and functions of vocational education. Opportunity is given to students majoring in Industrial Educa- tion to write one of the seminar reports required for the degree of Master of Education. Physical Education Phys. Ed. S 117. Intramural Activities (2).— 11.30, Gym. Dr. Burnett. A practical course in recreational activities suitable for use in intramural programs. The material is presented on the elementary level with the class taking part in costume. The activities are designed to prepare teachers who wish to conduct intramural recreational programs in the elementary school, or to administer corecreational group activities in secondary schools and colleges. 80 SUMMER SCHOOL Phys. Eld. S 237. Administration af Physical Education Seminar (2). — 10.30, Gym. Dr. Burnett. This course considers the organization and administration of physical education with a comparison of established programs now being conducted in the public schools of leading cities. The seminar will discuss the organ- ization of physical education in school and college, the men and women students taking active part in the discussions. An analysis of required courses as compared with the voluntary recreational programs will be made. Summer Dance Session The Summer Dance Session offers work in dance as an art in education. Students may register for a full program of six semester hours in dance or combine Dance Education classes with other courses offered in the Uni- versity. Living Arrangements. The Alpha Omicron Pi Sorority House has been reserved as the Dance Education House for Summer Dance Session students. Twenty-five women students may be accommodated and arrangements may be made for others to have meals. The house will serve as a center where evening lectures and other programs will be held. The cost is $50.00 for the six weeks for room and meals. The fee does not include laundry expenses, and students are expected to furnish their own towels, and bed linen. Evening Program. In addition to the evening recreation, lectures, and musical programs planned by the University for the entire student body, students in Dance Education may be interested in the Watergate concerts of music and dance presented Wednesday and Sunday evenings under the auspices of the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington. Students will also have opportunity to meet and hear leaders in the field of con- temporary arts at evening programs. Costume. A uniform dance costume, which may be obtained at the time of registration, is required. Women: 2 work suits, approximately $1.50 each. 1 tunic, approximately $3.00. Men: 2 pair jersey trunks, approximately $1.00 each. 1 pair cotton jersey slacks, approximately $3.00. Expenses. Dance Education courses are an offering of the College of Education, thus the regular University fees apply. (See p. 11.) Service charge for towels in Women's Field House, $2.00. Staff Gwendolyn Drew, A.M., Professor of Physical Education for Women. Elizabeth Andrews, A.M., Administrative Principal, Bancroft School, Wash- ington, D. C. Evelyn Davis, Part-time Instructor, Department of Physical Education for Women; Director Dance Playhouse, Washington, D. C. Doris Humphrey, Dance Artist; Teacher; Choreographer. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 31 Charles Weidman, Dance Artist; Teacher; Choreographer. John Martin, Dance Critic, New York Times; Author; Lecturer. Ethel Butler, Member of the Martha Graham Dance Group. Henrietta Greenhood, Member of the Hanya Holm Dance Group. Frances Brunt, Pianist, Summer Dance Session. Dance Ed. S 110. Fundamentals in Dance (2).— 8.00, Women's Field House. Miss Davis. A basic course for dancers and teachers of dance. Additional practice hours are required and will be scheduled. Open to men and women. Dance Ed. S 120. Mucational Application of Modem Dance in the Ele- mentary School (2). — Requisite, registration in Dance Ed. S 110. 9.00, Women's Field House. Miss Andrews. The course considers the sources of dance in the progressive school. It deals with the relationship between the child, the curriculum, self-expres- sion, dramatization, creativity, and fundamental dance. Includes individual conferences. Open to men and women. Dance Ed. S 130. Educational Application of Dance in the Secondary School (2).— Requisite, registration in Dance Ed. S 110. 10.30, Women's Field House. Miss Andrews. The course considers Modem Dance in relation to contemporary living and the arts. It deals with the development of a sequential program. In- cludes individual conferences. Open to men and women. Dance Ed. S 140. Dance Composition: Music for the Dance (2). — 11.30, Women's Field House. Miss Davis. The course is conducted as a laboratory to give practical experience. Open to men and women. Dance Ed. S 210. Contemporary Survey of Modem Dance (2). — 10.30, (Sec. I); 9.00 (Sec. II); Women's Field House. Staff. The course is designed to enrich the student's comprehension of dance through acquaintance with the philosophy of leaders in the field as well as through work with these artists in dance movement. Additional practice hours are required and will be scheduled. (Sec. I — ^for those who have little or no experience in Modem Dance; Sec. II — ^for dancers and teachers of dance.) Open to men and women. Rural Life and Agricultural Education The three-week courses in Rural Life and Education which follow are offered primarily for teachers of vocational agriculture and home eco- nomics, principals, and others interested in the professional and cultural development of rural communities. The normal load in such a^ program is three courses, which will give 3 units of credit. By pursuing such a program successfully for four summers, a student will be able to earn 12 semester 32 SUMMER SCHOOL hours, a minimum major in this field, and could then return either for two full summer schools or one semester of regular school to complete the remaining 12 hours required for the master's degree. These courses may be articulated with the three-week courses in Agricultural Economics, Home Economics, Poultry, and in other fields. R. Ed. 202 S. Principles of Rural and Adult Education II (1).— (Finst three weeks)— 11.30, T-219. Dr. Cotterman. Consideration is given those principles and trends upon which the present program in rural education is predicated. Application is made to the several fields — elementary, secondary, and adult. The objective is a comprehensive intergrated outlook. R. Ed. 206 S. Curriculum Construction in Vocational Agriculture (1). — (First three weeks)— 10.30, T-219. Dr. Cotterman. Curriculum and special courses in vocational agriculture are evaluated from the standpoint of the theory and practice of curriculum construction. Adjustment is made to meet individual needs. Each student pursues a problem in the school system in which he is located. Units are analyzed in terms of abilities, large concepts, and the Morrisonian method of instruction. The following courses are not available in 1940, but will be offered for election in subsequent years: R. Ed. 201. Principles of Rural and Adult Education I (1). R. Ed. 203. Social Trends in Rural Education I (1). R. Ed. 204. Social Trends in Rural Education II (1). R. Ed. 205. Problems in Vocational Agriculture, Related Science, and Shop (1). R. Ed. 207. Continuation Education in Rural Communities (1). R. Ed. 208. Adult Education in Rural Communities (1). See also courses in Agricultural Economics, p. 15; Animal and Dairy Husbandry, p. 15; Home Economics, p. 39; and Poultry Husbandry, p. 48. Secondary Education Ed. 110 S. The Junior High School (2).— 8.00, N-105. Dr. Powers. Definition and history of the junior high school; physical, mental, and social traits of the junior high school pupil; purposes, functions, and limi- tations; types of reorganized schools; articulation with lower and higher schools; duties and responsibilities of the administrative and teaching staff; the program of studies; exploratory courses; departmentalization; pro- visions for individual differences; the guidance program; significant prob- lems and challenges implied in present trends. Ed. S 159. The Teaching of Economic Geography (2).— 9.00, FF-104. Mr. Diehl. This course is designed especially for the teachers of economic geography in the junior and senior high schools and presupposes a modem college course in economic geography. The chief purpose of this course is to acquaint teachers with the objectives and values of economic geography; the principles underlying the selection, organization, and presentation of UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 33 materials; sources of materials; the organization of subject matter units; the various modem methods and devices of instruction; the technique of using numerous visual aids; the purposes and values of field trips; and the evaluation of textbooks and workbooks. Teachers planning to elect this course should bring with them (1) a modem college textbook in economic geography, (2) the textbooks and workbooks which they are using in their work at the present time, and (3) a J. Paul Goode, "School Atlas,'' Revised and Enlarged. Ed. 202 S. Administration of Secondary Schools (2).— 9.00, T-311. Dr. Powers. The principal's duties in relation to organization of secondary school units; selecting and assigning the staff; management of the school plant; schedule making; school records and accounting systems; library service; organization of guidance and pupil activity programs; testing and the marking system; public relations and publicity; professional improvement. Special attention will be given to problems of high school administration in Maryland and the results of surveys using the Evaluative Criteria of the Cooperative Study of Secondary School Standards. Ed. S 216. Student Activities in the High School (2).— 10.30, S-204. Mr. Littlefield. This course offers a serious consideration of the problems connected with the so-called "extra-curricular" activities of the present-day high school. Special consideration will be given to: (1) philosophical bases, (2) aims, (3) organization, and (4) supervision of student activities such as student council, school publications, musical organizations, dramatics, assemblies, and clubs. Present practices and current trends will be evaluated. Ed. S 219. The Federal Government at Work (2).— 10.30, T-311. Dr. Powers. A course designed especially for high school teachers of the Social Studies to interpret and illustrate a selected number of functions of the Federal Government in action. Themes developed will include conservation of national resources, social welfare, regulation of business and industry, labor relations, agriculture, housing, public health, research, personnel, and public relations. The procedure will include lectures by government officials, visits to government agencies in or near Washington for observation of the work of the government in progress, explanations by officials in charge, grou^ discussions, and assigned readings. Supplementary features will be the showing of documentary films illustrating a mmiber of government activities and a series of exhibits. Emphasis will be placed upon govern- ment publications, films, exhibits and other teaching aids that are avail- able for teachers. Teaching units adaptable to Junior and Senior High School classes will be prepared. Note. This course has been developed in cooperation with government officials who are in charge of the divisions and agencies studied. The lectures are by practical government workers who are recognized authori- ties in their respective fields. Students who register for the course should select appropriate related courses in political science, sociology, and edu- cation as advised by the instructor. 34 SUMMER SCHOOL Ed. S 222. High School Social Studies: Materials and Methods (2).— 9.00, S-204. Mr. Littlefield. Prerequisite, at least one year of experience in teaching the social studies in junior or senior high school. This is an advanced course in which a critical evaluation is made of the materials and methods in current use. Consideration will be given to (1) organization of subject matter, (2) classroom procedure, (3) the testing program, and (4) professional aids. The course is organized on a practical basis for teachers-in-service. Special Education Ed. S 180. Introduction to Special Education (2).— 10.30, N-6. Mrs. Wygant. A survey of the entire field of special education. Planned especially for persons who have done no work in this field and designed to give teachers, principals, attendance workers, and supervisors an understanding of the needs of all types of exceptional children and information con- cerning the sources available in the State and community for helping each type. The course deals with methods of finding, identification, school place- ment, vocational training, and follow-up of mentally and physically handi- capped children. Ed. S 181. The Study of Handicapped Children (2).— 8.00, S-208. Dr. Chase. A study of the effects of mental and physical disabilities upon develop- ment. The influence of these disabilities as they affect the individual personalities of children will be stressed. Case studies and testing tech- niques will be reviewed in order to obtain a more precise understanding of the nature of these handicaps and their effects. Educational procedures, including remedial measures, which are adapted to handicapped children, as suggested by the study of their development and personalities, will be described and evaluated. Ed. S 182-A. Methods of Teaching Handicapped Children (2).— Not given in 1940. Ed. S 182-B. Methods of Teaching Handicapped Children (2).— ^11.30, N-6. Mrs. Wygant. This course is designed especially for teachers of retarded children and for regular grade teachers who are interested in the slow-learning child. The first part deals with the building of nimiber concepts and the pre- sentation of arithmetic through real life situations. Analysis will be made of the difficulties involved in mastering the several skills and lessons and seat-w^ork exercises will be planned. The second part deals with selection, organization, and presentation of the general information retarded children need to enable them to become happy and acceptable members of the social group. The social studies, hygiene, safety, local geography, and industries furnish the material for this study. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 35 Ed. S 185. Mental Hygiene in the Classroom (2).— 9.00, S-208. Dr. Chase. This course deals in a practical way with the problems of adjustment that are fairly constant in classroom activity such as those incident to the curriculum, teaching techniques, school policy, pupil-teacher relation- ships, and home conditions. ENGLISH Eng. lys. Survey and Composition I (3). — Eight periods a week. Tw^o sections. 9.00, daily; 8.00, M., W., F.; S-12; S-132. Mr. Smith, Mr. Robertson. The second semester of the freshman Survey and Composition course. A study of prose composition combined with an historical study of English literature from the Victorian period to the 20th Century. Themes, reports, and conferences. Note. The Survey portion of this course (given daily at 9.00) may be elected separately for two hours of credit. Eng. 2 f. Survey and Composition II (3). — Eight periods a w^eek. 10.30, daily; 11.30, M., W., F., S-12. Mr. Ball. An equivalent of the first semester of sophomore Survey and Composition. An historical survey of English literature from the beginnings to the 17th Century, together with practice in prose composition. Themes, reports. Note. The Survey portion of this course (given daily at 10.30) may be elected separately for two hours of credit. Eng. 8C-S. Survey of American Literature (2).— 9.00, S-130, Mr. Cooley. A study of American literature from Whitman to the present. Eng. 13 s. Elements of Narrative Literature (2).— 9.00, S-106. Dr. Harman. An intensive study of representative stories, with lectures on the history and technique of the short story and other narrative forms. Eng. 101 S. History of the English Language (2).— 8.00, S-106. Dr. Harman. An historical survey of the English Language; its nature, origin, and development, with special stress upon structural and phonetic changes in English speech and upon the rules which govern modem usage. Note. Major students in English must elect either College Grammar and History of the English Language or Old English. (For the rules covering majors in English see the annual catalogue, Vol. 36, 1939-40, pp. 302-303.) Eng. 102 S. Old English (2).— 9.00, S-310. Mr. Ball. An introduction to Old English grammar and literature. Note. Required of candidates for the master's degree in English. See also the note under Eng. 101 S above. (For requirements for advanced degrees in English see the annual catalogue, Vol. 36, 1939-40, pp. 305-306.) Eng. 108 f. Milton (2).— 10.30, S-310. Mr. Murphy. A study of the poetry and the chief prose works. 36 SUMMER SCHOOL Eng. 113 S. Prose and Poetry of the Romantic Age (2).— 10.30, S-132. Dr. Hale. A study of Wordsworth, Coleridge, Landor, Lamb, and De Quincey. Eng. 118 S. Modern and Contemporary British Poets (2).— 8.00, S-130. Mr. Murphy. A study of the chief English and Irish poets of the Twentieth Century. Eng. S 129. The American Short Story (2).— 11.30, S-204. Mr. Gravely. A study of the development of the short story in America from Irving to the present. Eng. 210 f. Seminar in the Romantic Period (2).— 11.30, S-132. Dr. Hale. Special studies of problems or persons associated with the Romantic movement. The subject matter will vary with the interests of the class. Eng. 211 S. Seminar in the Victorian Period (2).— 10.30, S-208. Mr. Cooley. Special studies or problems or persons in the Victorian Age. The subject matter of the course will vary with the interests of the class. ENTOMOLOGY Ent. 1 S. Introductory Entomology (3). — Lecture, 9.00, daily; L-107; Laboratory, Section I, 1.30-3.20, M., W.; Section II, T., Th., L-206. Labora- tory fee, $2.00. Limited to 36 students. Mr. Knight. The relation of insects to human welfare. General principles of insect life, especially development, growth, structure, classification, behavior, and con- trol. Interesting as well as economically important insects are studied. Teaching aids are given in connection with each division of the subject, in order that the course will be of value to the teacher of nature study or biology. Outside readings to supplement the work done in class. Ent. 201. Advanced Entomology (2). — Hours to be arranged. Dr. Cory. Studies of minor problems in morphology, taxonomy and applied entomol- ogy, with particular reference to preparation for individual research. Ent. 202. Research in Entomology (Credit commensurate with work.) — Hours to be arranged. Dr. Cory. Advanced students having sufficient preparation, with the approval of the head of the department, may undertake supervised research in morphology, taxonomy or biology and control of insects. Frequently the student may be allowed to work on Station or State Horticultural Department projects. The student's work may form a part of the final report on the project and be published in bulletin form. A dissertation, suitable for publication, must be submitted at the close of the studies as a part of the requirements for an advanced degree. Note: Only students qualified by previous training will be accepted in the above graduate courses. Consult instructor before registering. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND GENERAL SCIENCE 37 Gen. Sci. S 1. General Science for the Elementary School (2).— Dr. West. Section A-1: For Primary Grades. 11.30, AS-18. Section A-2: For Primary Grades. Not given in 1940. Section B-1: For Upper Elementary Grades. 10.30, AS-18. Section B-2: For Upper Elementary Grades. Not given in 1940. These courses are planned to meet the needs of the elementary school teacher. A point of view consistent with current philosophy in elementary education will be developed. The course will provide background material in selected phases of those sciences which contribute to elementary school work. An interpretation of materials of the local environment with refer- ence to enrichment of the science program will receive attention. As much of the work as is possible will be illustrated with simple materials and apparatus and the material will be professionalized as much as possible. Sections A-2 and B-2 are continuations of Sections A-1 and B-1 and are given in alternate summers. None of the sections are prerequisites to other sections. Students may receive credit for both Sections A-1 and A-2 or B-1 and B-2. Students should not enroll for both A and B Sections. Gen. Sci. S 2. Activity Materials for Science in the Elementary School (2).— T., Th., 1.30-4.00, AS-21. Group and individual conferences to be arranged. Class limited to thirty students. Dr. West. A laboratory course planned to provide grade teachers with the oppor- tunity for becoming acquainted with experiments and preparing materials which are of practical value in their science teaching. GEOGRAPHY Geog. S 1. Elements of Geography (2).— 8.00, FF-104. Mr. Diehl. This course is introductory in nature and has been designed especially for the student who has had little or no geographic training. The chief purpose of this course is to give the student a thorough knowledge of the principles of geography and the basic phases of the subject matter of geography for a working foundation in the science. The major topics to be discussed are: the historical development of geography; the nature, scope, and functions of modern geography; theories as to the origin of the earth; a study of the earth's form, size, and motions; latitude and longitude; standard time; international date line; seasons; zones; the atmosphere; moisture; temperature; and pressure and the planetary wind system. Geog. S 101. Regional World Geography (2).— Not given in 1940. Geog. S 102. Geography of English North America (2).— 10.30, FF-104. Mr. Diehl. Prerequisite, "Elements of Geography" or its equivalent. This course is an interpretive geographic study of the major natural and cultural regions of the United States, Canada, and Alaska with special emphasis on the United States. The geographic personality of each region 38 SUMMER SCHOOL is stressed together with the reasons for the development of such per- sonalities. The chief purpose of this study is to evaluate the natural environment as a factor in (1) the major human activities carried on in each region, and (2) the current national and international economic, political, and social crises and problems which confront these people. A brief regional treatment of the State of Maryland forms a part of this course. The following materials will be used in this course: (1) J. Russell Smith, "North America," (2) J. Paul Goode, "School Atlas," Revised and Enlarged, and (3) Armin K. Lobeck, "Physiographic Diagram of the United States." See also Ed. S 159. The Teaching of Economic Geography, p. 32. HISTORY H. 1 S. General Eurapean History. A survey of General European History from the time of the disintegra- tion of the Roman Empire to the French Revolution. The course emphasizes the social and cultural movements in the background of political events. A. From the Decline of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance (2). — Not given in 1940. B. From the Renaissance to the Opening of the French Revolution (2). — 10.30, AS-116. Dr. Strakhovsky. H. 2 S. American History. An introductory course in American History from 1492 to the present time. A. The Colonial Period 1492-1790 (2).— Not given in 1940. B. American History 1790-1860 (2).— Not given in 1940. C. American History 1860 to the Present (2).— 9.00, S-209. Dr. Crothers. H. 7 S. Roman Civilization (2).— 11.30, AS-116. Dr. Strakhovsky. This course covers the political, cultural, economic, and social develop- ment of Rome from the founding of the Roman state to its decline and fall. H. 101 S. American Colonial History (2).— 10.30, S-209. Dr. Crothers. A study of the political, social, and economic development of the Ameri- can colonies. H. 108 S. The United States in the Twentieth Century (2).— 11.30, AS-131. Dr. Thatcher. A historical study of the more important problems of the present century. H. 120 S. Diplomatic History of the United States from the Civil War to the Present (2).— 10.30, AS-131. Dr. Thatcher. A study of American foreign policy. H. 128 S. Social and Political History of Europe Since 1814. Prerequi- site, H. 1 S or its equivalent. This course emphasizes the social, political, cultural, and economic changes as well as the great intellectual and scientific movements and the spread of new ideas. A. The Period 1814 to 1871 (2).— Not given in 1940. B. The Period 1871 to Present (2).— 9.00, AS-116. Dr. Strakhovsky. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 39 H. S 141. Rural Life in Maryland from 1634 (2).— ^.00, S-209. Mr. Worthington. The purpose of this course is to study the correlation between agricul- tural development in the Colony and State and the changing social order. Emphasis will be placed upon agriculture as the determining factor in the form of rural life, internal improvements, education, and the growth of commerce and cities. The course is designed to give background not only to rural teachers but also to students of agriculture, education, and others interested in the early trends of Maryland rural life. It will consist of lectures, reports, and field trips to early Maryland homes and other places of interest in the develop- ment of rural life. H. 201 S. Seminar in American History (2).— Four periods a week. 11.30, S-209. Dr. Crothers. Limited to ten students. H. 202 S. Historical Criticism and American Bibliography (2).— Four periods a week. Time to be arranged. Dr. Thatcher. This course is intended for graduate students in American history. HOME ECONOMICS H. E. 24 S. Costume Design (2).— 9.00, HE-135. Fee, $1.00. Mrs. Mc- Farland. The fundamentals underlying taste, fashion and design as they relate to the expression of individuality in dress. *H. E. 25 S. Crafts (2).— 10.30, HE-104. Fee, $3.00. Miss Curtiss. Creative art expressed in clay modeling, plastic carving, metal working, paper mache modeling, et cetera. Emphasis laid on inexpensive materials and tools and simple technics for home use. One period only is schdeuled. Work will be finished in the laboratory at the students^ convenience. *H. E. Ill S. Advanced Oothing (2). ^10.30, HE-135. Fee, $2.00. Miss Curtiss. Draping of garments in cloth on the dress form, stressing style, design and suitability to the individual. One period only is scheduled. Work will be finished in the laboratory at the students' convenience. H. E. S 113. Clothes in Relation to Personality. First three weeks (1).— 2.30, HE-130. Mrs. McFarland. Color, accessories and grooming in relation to personality. Note. These two courses are equivalent to H. E. 24 f (3) of the ^vinter catalog. *Either H.E. Ill S Advanced Clothing, or H.E. 25 S Crafts, will be offered depending upon requests through eaxly registration. 40 SUMMER SCHOOL UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 41 *H. E. 121 S. Interior Decoration (3). A. First three weeks (1).— 11.30, HE-104. Fee, $1.00. Miss Curtiss. Domestic architecture and style of home furnishing. Each student makes a collection of pictures illustrating the development of architecture and home furnishing. B. (2).— 1.30, HE-105. Fee, $2.00. Miss Curtiss. Study of design principles with relation to personalities in home furnish- ing; trips to historic buildings; special merchandise lectures showing what the market provides. Note. These two courses are equivalent to H. E. 121 f (3) of the winter catalog, which is prerequisite to H. E. 122 s Interior Decoration (floor plans and wall elevations drawn to scale) to be offered in the summer session of 1941. H. E. 133 S. Demonstrations (2).— 10.30-12.20, HE-204. Fee, $7.00. Mrs. Welsh. Practice in demonstrations. This course will not be given for less than eight students. H. E. 134 S. Advanced Foods (2).— 10.30-12.20, HE-223. Fee, $5.00. Miss Kirkpatrick. Prerequisite, an elementary foods course. Advanced study of manipulation of food materials. H. E. 135 S. Experimental Foods (2).— Lecture, M., W., F., 9.00, HE-222. Laboratory M., W., 1.30-4.20, HE-204. Fee, $5.00. Miss Kirkpatrick. Prerequisites, an elementary foods course, organic chemistry. A study of food preparation processes from experimental viewpoint. Practice in technics. This course is one-half of H. E. 135 (4) of the winter catalog. The second half wdll be offered in the summer session of 1941. *H. E. 137 S. A. Food Buying. First three weeks ( 1 ) .—Lecture, M., T., W., F., 1.30, HE-222. Laboratory, Th., 1.20-3.20, HE-204. Fee, $2.00. Miss Burnette! Food purchasing for the home. B. Meal Service (2).— 10.30-12.20, HE-203. Fee, $5.00. Miss Burnette. Planning and service of meals for the family group, including simple entertaining, in relation to nutritional needs and cost. Note. These two courses are equivalent to H. E. 137 (3) of the winter catalog. H. E. 148 S. The School Lunch. Second three weeks (1). 1.30, HE-1. Miss Mount. The administration of the school lunch. H. E. 149 S. Household Equipment (2).— 8.00, HE-222. Miss Enright. Standards and simple tests for construction and performance of house- hold equipment. *H. E. 171 S. Advanced Textiles (3). Prerequisite, an elementary textiles course. A. (2).— Lecture, M., W., F., 9.00, HE-9. Laboratory, T., Th., 1.30-3.20, HE-9. Fee, $2.00. Mrs. Moore. Production, manufacture, and properties of textile fibers including nylon, vinyon and other new and unusual fibers. Elementary tests of textiles. B. Second three weeks (1).— 10.30, HE-9. Fee, $1.00. Mrs. Moore. Special problems in testing of textile fibers. Note. These two courses are equivalent to H. E. 171 of the winter catalog, which is prerequisite to H. E. 172 — Problems in Textiles, to be offered in the summer session of 1941. H. E. S 173. Buying in Textiles. First three weeks (1).— 10.30, HE-9, Mrs. Moore. The selection and use of textile commodities for the house and for family clothing. The factors determining consumer satisfaction; storage; laundry and dry cleaning of textile fabrics in the home. H. E. 201 S. Seminar in Nutrition (1-2).— 9.00, HE-225. Mrs. Welsh. Prerequisite, consent of instructor. Oral and written course on current literature on nutrition. HORTICULTURE Hort. 205 S. Advanced Horticultural Research and Thesis (4, 6, or 8). — To be arranged. Hort. Staff. Graduate students will be required to select problems for original research in pomology, vegetable gardening, or floriculture. These problems will be continued until completed and final results are to be published in the form of a thesis. MATHEMATICS The Mathematics Department is now offering a cycle of summer courses intended for students who desire to work towards a Master's degree. For details of this curriculum consult Dr. Dantzig, Head of the Department. Math. 22 S. Analytic Geometry (4).— Three hours daily. 8.00-9.50, 10.30, AS-121. Dr. VanStockum, assisted by Mr. Volckhausen. Principles of trigonometry; coordinates; metrical relations; the straight line, circle, parabola, ellipse, hyperbola; empirical equations; graphing of periodic functions; applications to the solution of equations. Math. 23 S-I. Differential Calculus (4).— Three hours daily. 8.00-9.50, 10.30, FF-103. Dr. Lancaster, assisted by Mr. Volckhausen. This course deals with the differential calculus and its applications to geometry and mechanics. Maxima and minima; graphing of curves; curvi- linear motion; limits and indeterminate forms; mean value theorems. •students may register in either A or B. ♦Students may register in either A or B. 42 SUMMER SCHOOL Math. 23 S-II. Calculus (4).— Three hours daily. 8.00-9.50, 10.30, AS-110. Dr. Martin, assisted by Mr. Volckhausen. This course deals with the integral calculus and its applications to geometry and mechanics; much emphasis will be laid on the technique of integration, the calculation of curvilinear areas, arcs, volumes, moments of inertia, pressure, and work. In addition, the course will deal with elementary differential equations and their applications to physics and chemistry. Math. 112 S. College Mathematics (2).— 9.00, AS-237. Dr. Dantzig. This course deals with algebra, analytic geometry, and calculus, empha- sizing those aspects of mathematics which are of particular value to the high school teacher. Math. 144 S. Advanced Calculus (2).— 11.30, FF-103. Dr. Lancaster. Elliptic integrals. Line integrals. Oreen's theorem. Equation of con- tinuity. Applications to hydrodynamics. Math. 145 S. Advanced Plane Analytic Geometry (2).— 10.30, AS-237. Dr. Dantzig. Homogeneous coordinates. Advanced theory of conic sections. Plucker characters of algebraic curves. Cubic and quartic curves. Cremona trans- formations. Math. 151 S. Theory of Equations (2).— 11.30, AS-121. Dr. VanStockum. Complex numbers. Fundamental theorem of algebra. Equations of the third and fourth degree. Algebraic solution of equations. Finite groups. Numerical solution of equations. Criteria of irreducibility. Cyclometric equations. Math. 223 S. Vector Analysis (2).— 8.00, AS-237. Dr. Dantzig. Scalars, vectors, matrices, and determinants; transformations; linear dependence, canonical forms; applications to geometry and mechanics. Math. 243 S. Selected Topics in Modern Analysis (2).— 11.30, AS-237. Dr. Martin. MODERN LANGUAGES The semester courses in elementary PYench and German are arranged as consecutive courses covering the work of a year. The classes meet 15 hours a week. Students desiring credit for first or second semester only should consult the instructor for hours of attendance and credit. A. French (All courses marked with an asterisk may be taken during three summers for a maximimi of six credits.) Fr. ly. Elementary French (6).— Daily, 9.00, 11.30, 1.30; S-230. Dr. Falls. Elements of grammar. Phonetics and dictation. Translation. Exer- cises in vocabulary building. This course is the equivalent of the French ly listed in the general catalogue. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 43 Fr. 3y. Second Year French (6).— Daily, 8.00, 10.30, 11.30; M-106. Miss Wilcox. Reading of narrative works and plays. Grammar review. Phonetics and dictation. Exercises in vocabulary building for rapid reading and conver- sation. This course is the equivalent of the French 3y listed in the general catalogue. Fit. 9 S. Phonetics (2).— 8.00, S-230. M. Liotard. Practical course in French pronunciation. Rapid review of scientific phonetics. Study of isolated sounds and of sounds in combination. Oral drill and writing in phonetics. Correction of individual errors. Conducted in French. *Fr. 10 S. Intermediate Grammar and Composition (2).— 10.30, S-230. Dr. Falls. Translation from English into French. Exercises in vocabulary building. Short free compositions. Conducted in French. *Fr. S 15. Diction (2).— 9.00, S-228. M. Liotard. Study of inflection, intonation, and accentuation in the pronunciation of French. Exercises in reading aloud. Study of appropriate texts to show the proper diction for the different types of discourse. Conducted in French. *Fr. S 100. Conversation (2). — To be arranged. Mme Begue and Mme de Chauny. Dictation, "explications de textes,*' practical exercises in speaking French. There are graded levels in this course. Students are placed where their previous training properly equips them to study. Each one receives special attention. *Fr. 110 S. Advanced Grammar and Composition (2).— 10.30, S-228. M. Begue. English texts are translated into French. Study of advanced grammar and syntax with some treatment of questions of style. Free composition each week. Conducted in French. Fr. S 117. The French Novel from 1678 to 1787 (2).— 11.30, S-228. M. Begue. Evolution of the novel in eighteenth-century France. Reading and dis- cussion of important works by Mme. de LaFayette, Lesage, Marivaux, Prevost, Diderot, Rousseau, Laclos, and Bernardin de Saint-Pierre. Con- ducted in French. Fr. S 126. French Classicism (2).— 10.30, S-214. M. Liotard. Survey of the period of Louis XIV. Reading of representative works by the most important poets and prose writers. Detailed study of character- istic passages with the view of arriving at a definition of French Classicism. Conducted in French. Fr. S 130. The Contemporary French Theater (2).— 8.00, S-214. M. Begue. A survey of the French theater since 1914. Lectures on tendencies and groups. Reading and discussion of plays by Raynal, Sarment, Lenormand, Romains, Giraudoux, Cocteau, Bernstein, Pagnol, Pellerin, J.-J. Bernard, Achard, Crommelynck, and Vildrac. 44 SUMMER SCHOOL UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 45 m .t * 1' 1 ■k Fr. S 210. Pascal and His Pensees (2).— 9.00, S-214. Dr. Cailliet. The Pensees are read and analyzed according to the French methode d'explication de textes. This critical study will be accompanied by an exposition of Pascal's place as the prime interpreter, both for his genera- tion and ours, of the limitations and the possibilities of intellectualism in modem thought. Conducted in French. Fr. 220 S. Reading Course (1-2).— To be arranged. Staff. Designed to give graduate students the background of a survey of French literature. Extensive outside reading with reports and conferences. This course prepares candidates for the Master's degree to take the compre- hensive examination on French literature. Conducted in French. (This course may be taken over a period of four summers for a maximum of 4 credits.) Fr. S 225. From Chateaubriand to Qaudel (2).— 11.30, S-214. Dr. Cailliet. Lectures. Reading and classroom study of the most outstanding works. The course presents the intellectual history of France in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries in their political, religious, literary, artistic, and philo- sophical aspects. Emphasis is placed upon Symbolism and Impressionism. Conducted in French. The Summer French School The purpose of the French School is to create a center where at a minimum expense students of French, largely isolated for six weeks from contact with English, can effectively devote their efforts to perfecting their knowledge of the written and spoken language, of French literature, history, and civilization. French House. The French House is the center of the French School. It includes the Men's Hall (Home Economics House) and the Women's Hall (Gemeaux Hall), two large comfortable dwellings situated on the campus within a few steps of the classrooms in the Arts and Sciences building. It provides excellent accommodations, both room and board, for 15 women and 10 men. Men and women students do not room in the same hall but take their meals together in Gemeaux Hall. The French House is virtually apart from the other units of the Uni- versity. Students living in it hear only French spoken and are allowed to speak only French themselves. The staff, composed chiefly of native- bom French men and women, resides in the French House in order that all students may have the advantage of constant contact with their in- structors. Opportunities for speaking French are not confined, however, to conversing with faculty and students. Many members of the large French colony of Washington, D. C, take an active interest in the French House and frequently attend its teas and dinners. A spirit of informality and camaraderie prevails in the French House and in all the activities which it sponsors. The meal hours and the social hour after dinner, with its lively "sings" and games, have been for the past three summers among the most pleasant features of the School. Tennis, swimming, and picnics provide recreation and exercise, as well as further opportunities for informal conversation in French. Nature of Work. No diploma is required for registration. The School is open to all persons desirous of perfecting their knowledge of French. The courses of instruction have been arranged with the purpose of meet- ing the needs of teachers and students who show a wide degree of variance in their preparation and interests. An individual program will be made for the work of each student according to his abilities and the objects he has in view. This program may be adapted to all degrees of pro- ficiency. Enough graduate work is offered to permit students to earn credits towards the Master's degree. There are elementary courses for beginners (Fr. 1 y, 3y), practical courses of intermediate level for those who have some know^ledge of French (Fr. 9 S, 10 S, S 15, SlOO), sixteen hours in courses for advanced under- graduates and graduates (Fr. S 100, 110 S, S 117, S 126, 130 S, S210, 220 S, S225.) Expenses. The fee for registration in the French School is $100.00. It includes tuition for the normal load of six semester hours, room and board in the French House for six weeks, maid service, and the privilege of taking part in all activities conducted by the French School. Students who do not live in Maryland or the District of Columbia must pay a non- resident fee of $10.00. These fees do not include laundry expenses, and students expecting to occupy rooms in the French House should note that they will furnish their own towels, pillows, pillowcases, sheets and blankets. Reservations. Room reservation should be made early. A deposit of $10.00, payable on or before June 1, is necessary to reserve room and board in the French House. Checks should be made payable to the University of Maryland. Failure to occupy the room will result in forfeiture of the deposit fee, unless application for a refund is received by June 15. An exception to this regulation will be made only in cases of illness. Applica- tion for such exception must be accompanied by a physician's certificate. Visiting Professor. The French School is fortunate this summer in having as its visiting professor Dr. Emile Cailliet of Scripps College, Cali- fornia. Dr. Cailliet's books have brought him high honors in this country and in Europe. On the occasion of the recent jubilee of the symbolistic movement in French literature (1936) he published his comprehensive work Symbolisme et Ames Primitives. Professor Fortunat Strowski of the Sorbonne called this book the most important contribution made to Sym- bolism on the occasion of its fiftieth anniversary. Among Dr. Cailliet's other published works are The Themes of Magic in Nineteenth-Century French Fiction, Le Service Social, and La Foi des Ancetres. This last- named book won the interest of the late President of France, Paul Doumer, and the election of Dr. Cailliet as National Fellow of the Academie des Sciences Coloniales. A special printed announcement of the French School, containing a full description of the courses, additional comments and information will be sent upon request. B. German (Jer. ly. Elementary German (6).— Daily, 9.00, 11.30, 1.30; M-104. (1.30 period. Room M-106.) Mr. Schweizer. Elements of grammar, composition, pronunciation, and translation. This course is the equivalent of the German ly listed in the general catalogue. I 46 SUMMER SCHOOL i ■ Ger. 3y. Second Year German (6).— Daily, 8.00, 10.30, 1.30; M-104. Mr. Kramer. Prerequisite, German ly or equivalent. After a grammar review the course is devoted to the attainment of pro- ficiency in the reading of German. MUSIC Mus. S 5. Harmony (2).— 11.30, FF-112. Mr. Randall. This course, which involves a study of chords and their progressions, is designed to teach the student to analyze simple Hymns and Folk Songs and also to compose and harmonize original melodies. The sight reading of music of those who sing or play the piano will be improved by this course. This course should develop the ability to create chords and simple musical figures for use in rhythm work with children. Text to be announced. Mus. S 6. Music and Musicians (2).— 10.30, FF-112. Mr. Randall. A course planned especially for the student with little or no background m music. The course is designed to acquaint the student with the names and personalities of musicians who are before the public at the present time. The student will be given a working knowledge of musical terms and expressions, also a basis for the appreciation of concerts and articles on musical subjects. The teacher should be helped by this course in the con- ducting of classroom music. Mus. S 9. Choral Technique (2).— 8.00, FF-112. Mrs. Reidy. This course aims to develop the vocal technique of the teacher through the artistic singing of choral music suitable for use in the upper elementary grades and high school. It will include a study of the fundamental prin- ciples of voice production, breath control, phrasing, and diction. An inter- pretative study of song material will be made through practical illustra- tions. Attention will be given to such problems of choral technique as organization and conducting of choral groups; testing and classification of voices, balance of parts; rehearsals, program building, and accompaniment playing. Opportunities for practical experience in selecting material, conducting, and accompanying will be given the student. Mus. Ed. S 10. The Teaching of Music in the Elementary School (2). 9.00, FF-112. Mrs. Reidy. Prerequisite: The required normal school courses in music or equivalent. This course deals with the study and demonstration of materials and methods suitable for use in the elementary grades. Attention will be given to the study of child voice, remedial aids for the non-singer, selection of suitable rote songs, introduction and development of reading skills, testing and classification of voices, creative expressions, and a survey of the various song series. Each teacher is requested to bring the course of study she uses and a chromatic pitch pipe. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND PHYSICS 47 Phys. S 1. General Physics (3).— Not given in 1940. A study of the physical phenomena in mechanics, heat, and sound designed for students desiring a general survey of the field of physics. The lectures are supplemented with numerous experimental demonstrations. Phys. S 2. General Physics (3).— 1.30-3.20, AS-18. Fee, $3.00. Mr. Eichlin. A study of the physical phenomena in electricity, magnetism, light, and modern physics, designed for students desiring a general survey of the field of physics. The lectures are supplemented with numerous experi- mental demonstrations. POLITICAL SCIENCE Pol. Sci. 1 s. American National Government (3). — 8.00, S-109. Dr. Bone. This course is a survey of the organization, structure, and functions of the American national government with particular attention to citizenship, political parties, the presidency. Congress, the Supreme Court and recent regulatory and social legislation. Pol. ScL 4 s. State and Local Government (3).— 9.00, S-109. Dr. Howard. A study of the organization and functions of state and local govern- ment in the United States, with special emphasis upon the government of Maryland. Pol. Sci. S 107. Contemporary Democracies (2).— 10.30, S-106. Dr. Stein- meyer. A comparative study of the governments of Great Britain, France, and Switzerland. Pol. Sci. S 121. Political Parties and Public Opinion (2).— 10.30, S-109. Dr. Bone. A descriptive and critical examination of the party process in govern- ment with particular attention to the campaign of 1940. Pol. Sci. S 142. Recent Political Theory (2).— 11.30, S-212. Mr. Walther. A study of recent political ideas, with special emphasis upon theories of democracy, socialism, communism, fascism, etc. Pol. Sci. S 148. American Civil Liberties (2).— 9.00, S-212. Mr. Walther. This course is a study of the more important civil liberties guaranteed by the Bill of Rights of the Constitution, an interpretation of their meaning and importance in a democracy, and an examination of their practical appli- cation. Emphasis will be placed upon freedom of speech, of press, of teach- ing, and of religion and upon protections against searches and seizures, self- incrimination, unfair trials, excessive fines, and cruel and unusual punish- ments. PoL Sci. S 153. The World Today (2).— 1.30, S-1. This course, directed by Dr. Steinmeyer, is devoted to a special study of Europe. Since Europe is the center of international activity today, the 48 SUMMER SCHOOL student will be offered an opportunity to look behind the scenes in an attempt to evaluate the forces behind the present conflict. The lectures and discussions will again be conducted by leading authori- ties. In addition to the regular lecturers, one week will be devoted to addresses by diplomatic representatives from some of the countries under discussion. The examination for credit at the end of the course will be based upon leadmg questions submitted by the lecturers at the beginning of each of the series of lectures. Students not wishing to register for credit are invited to register as auditors. The subjects to be covered are as follows: 1. The Scandinavian Countries. 2. Germany, Austria, Czecho-Slovakia, Poland. 3. France and the British Empire. 4. Italy and the Balkans. 5. Russia and the Baltic States. Note. The course will be open to the general public as well as to summer school students. A special circular giving detailed schedule of lectures, information about the lecturers, and fees for attendance may be obtained by applying to the Director of the Summer Session. Pol. Sci. S 161. Contemporary American Political Problems (2) —11 30 S-109. Dr. Howard. A study of some of the more important problems with which the national and state governments have had to deal in recent years. Special emphasis this summer is placed on the relation of government to agriculture, the social security program, the trade agreements and the principal problems confronting the 1940 Congress. POULTRY HUSBANDRY P. H. S 111. Poultry Breeding and Feeding (l)._(First three weeks) —8.00, lA-101. Dr. Jull and Dr. Bird. The inheritance of morphological, plumage color, and physiological char- acters in poultry. Special emphasis will be given to problems involved in the selection of breeding stock for egg and meat production. The nutritive requirements of poultry and the manner in which these requirements are satisfied in practical feeding programs. Formulas for diets for broilers, turkeys, and layers will be considered. P. H. S 112. Poultry Products and xMarketing (l)._Not given in 1940. Egg formation and factors affecting egg and meat quality, and efficiency of egg and meat production. The production of hatching eggs and hatchery management problems. Egg and poultry grades and the grading of Maryland poultry and poultry products. Market outlets for Maryland poultry and poultry prod- ucts. Marketing agencies and preservation problems. UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 49 PSYCHOLOGY Psych. 101 S. Introduction to Psychology for Mature Students (2).— 9.00, AS-109. Dr. Dockeray. Intended to provide graduate credit for those who are candidates for graduate degrees, but who have never had a general course in psychology. A review of the more basic findings regarding human behavior. Psych. 110 S. Educational Psychology (3). — Seven periods a week. Daily, 10.30, AS-212; in addition, Th., and F., 11.30. Dr. Macmillan. Application of psychological methods and results to problems encountered in education; measurement of individual differences and their significance; learning, motivation, transfer of training, and related problems. Psych. 121 S. Social Psychology (2).— 8.00, AS-115. Dr. Macmillan. Studies of human behavior in social situations; effects of place in the family, of competition, and of various social groups as studied by methods of controlled observation. Special attention will be given to social forces at work in the educational situation. Psych. 127 S. Psychology of the School Age Child (2).— 11.30, AS-109. Dr. Dockeray. This course will present the elements of child nature, including adoles- cence, individual differences, the process of socialization in terms of the variety of situation settings impinging on the child, and the significance of behavior patterns. Psych. 130 S. Mental Hygiene (2-3). — Four lectures and one clinic. 10.30, AS-109. Dr. Sprowls. The more common deviations of personality and behavior; conditions of psychological maladjustment and methods of treatment. The weekly clinics are arranged to give an opportunity to observe the more common types at first hand. Psych. 138 S. Psychological Interpretation of Literature (2). — S.'OO, AS-109. Dr. Sprowls. A review of certain writers and their writings in the light of psycholog- ical knowledge of motivation and of personality. An attempt will be made to adjust the contents of the course to the literarj^ background of the registrants. Psych. 150 S. Psychological Tests and Measurements (2). — 9.00, AS-115. Dr. Bellows. Critical survey of psychological techniques used in educational and voca- tional orientation and in personnel selection, with emphasis on criteria for test validation and interpretation of test data. Psych. 155 S. Psychological Problems in Vocational Orientation (2). — 11.30, AS-115. Dr. Bellows. Experimental development and use of the vocational counseling interview, aptitude tests, job analysis, and related techniques for the occupational orientation of vouth. l.i I 50 SUMMER SCHOOL SOCIOLOGY Soc. 1 S. Elements of Sociology (2) — Two sections. 8.00, S-212; S-228 Dr. Jacobi; Dr. Hodge. An analysis of society and the basic social processes; characteristics of collective behavior; typical social organizations; the development of human nature; the relation of the individual to the group; social products; social mteraction; social change. Soc. 108 S. The Family (2).— 10.30, S-212. Dr. Jacobi. Anthropological and historical backgrounds; biological, economic, psycho- logical, and sociological bases of the family; the role of the family in personality development; family and society; family disorganization; family adjustment and social change. Soc. 120 S. Social Pathology (2).— 11.30, S-307. Dr. Joslyn. A study of maladjustments between the individual and his social environ- ment which represent deviations from generally accepted norms. Problems !wJ,^ <=«^7fd will include: poverty, unemployment, family disorganization, crime and delinquency, suicide, and the misuse of leisure time. Soc. 123 S. The Sociology of Leisure (2).— 11.30, S-208. Dr. Hodge. This course deals with the sociological implications of leisure time and Its uses, particularly in contemporary American life. The group aspects of recreation mcluding both commercialized and voluntary forms" commu- nity organization and planning for leisure-time activities, and related sub- jects are included. Soc. 124 S. Introduction to Social Work (2).— 10.30, S-307. Dr. Joslyn. .pI!l*Tf f ^''"^l.^^rk; social case work, generic and specific; pro- cedure and techmques in social case work; principles of social diagnosis- present day types of social work; administration of public and S te welfare agencies. Soc 150 S. Field Practice in Social Work (2). -Enrollment restricted to available opportunities. Dr. Joslyn. Supervised field work of various types undertaken during the summer months and suited to the needs of the individual students. SPEECH Speech 101 S. Radio Speech (2).-10.30, AS-3a2. Laboratorv fee, $2.00. limited to 15 students. Admission by consent of instructor Dr Ehrens- berger. A laboratory course dealing with the various aspects of modem broad- casting. Practice m program planning, production, continuity writing announcing, etc. This course is under the direction of the Speech Depart- ment with the cooperation of the Columbia Broadcasting System UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 51 ZOOLOGY Zool. I s. General Zoology (4). — Five lectures; five two-hour laboratories. Lecture, 1.30, L-107; laboratory, 8.00, L-203. Laboratory fee, $5.00. Dr. Burhoe. An introductory course which is cultural and practical in its aim. It deals with the principles of the development, structure, relationships, and activi- ties of animals, a knowledge of which is valuable in developing an appre- ciation of the biological sciences. Typical invertebrates and a mammalian form are studied. Zool. 4 s. Comparative Vertebrate Morphology (4). — Five lectures; five three-hour laboratories. Lecture, 11.30, L-107; laboratory, 1.30, L-203. Laboratory fee, $5.00. Dr. Hard. A comparative study of selected organ systems in certain vertebrate groups. This course is designed for pre-medical students. Zool. 15 S. Human Physiology (3). — Five lectures; three two-hour lab- oratories. Lecture, 10.30, L-107; Laboratory, M., W., F., 1.30, L-302. Lab- oratory fee, $3.00. Dr. Phillips. For students who desire a knowledge of human anatomy and physiology. Emphasis is placed upon the physiology of digestion, circulation, respira- tion, and reproduction. Zool. 206 s. Research (3-6). — Hours to be arranged. Staff. CHESAPEAKE BIOLOGICAL LABORATORY This Laboratory is on Solomons Island, Maryland, in the center of the Chesapeake Bay country. Sponsored by the University of Maryland in co-operation with Goucher College, Washington College, Johns Hopkins University, Western Maryland College, the Carnegie Institution of Wash- ington, and the Maryland Conservation Department, it affords a center for research and study where facts tending toward a fuller appreciation of nature may be gathered and disseminated. The program projects a comprehensive survey of the biota of the marine, brackish and fresh water areas of the Chesapeake region. The Laboratory is open the year round. Courses are offered during the summer for advanced undergraduates and graduates. They cover a period of six weeks. Not more than two courses may be taken by a student. Classes are limited to eight matriculants. Students pursuing special research may establish residence for the summer or for the entire year. Laboratory facili- ties, boats of various types fully equipped (pumps, nets, dredges, and other apparatus), and water collecting devices are available for the work without cost to the student. Zoology Zool. 101 cbl. Economic Zoology (3). — Prerequisite, nine semester hours in biology, six of which must be in zoological subjects. Dr. Truitt and Mr. Beaven. Lectures, laboratory, and field trips. Emphasis will be placed on the biclogy of local marine life of commercial importance. Problems of preser- M II 52 SUMMER SCHOOL vation, control, conservation and development of wild forms will be studied. Week-end cruises will be made on the Chesapeake Bay from the Laboratory to the main fishing grounds for oysters, crabs, terrapin, and fin fishes. Observation will be made of the holding, preserving, packing, and shipping of commercial forms of seafoods at Crisfield, Cambridge, Solomons, and elsewhere, as weather conditions permit. Zool. 102 cbl. Invertebrates (6). — Prerequisite, eight semester hours in Biology. Dr. Olson. Lectures, laboratory, and collecting trips to illustrate various significant modifications of the invertebrate types, their structure, habits, and classi- fication. A detailed study of selected types will be made, and as far as possible local forms will be used. Zool. 107 cbl. Invertebrate Embryology (3). — Prerequisite, nine semester hours of zoology. Lecture and laboratory. Dr. Lindsey. This course deals largely with the principles of embryonic development exhibited by representative invertebrate groups found in the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Living material is used extensively. Zool. 206 cbl. Biological Problems (Credit to be arranged) — Laboratory Staff. A prospective student should consult with the Dean of the Graduate School in which he is matriculated for an advanced degree before making inquiry about this work. Botany Bot. 101 cbl. Algae (3). — Prerequisite, nine semester hours in biology, including a minimum of six hours in botany. Dr. Croasdale. This course, consisting of field and laboratory work as well as lectures, will deal with the distribution, morphology, cytology, and classification of the marine and fresh water algae of the Solomons Island region. The laboratory work will include a detailed study of the development of one or more representative types from each of the main groups with briefer comparative examination and identificat'jn of related forms. For further information about work at the Chesapeake Biological Lab- oratory, apply to Dr. R. V. Truitt, Director, College Park, Maryland. ■if!! »^ ; i H I PEBiro 8.00 9.00 10^ 11.30 1.30 2.30 XpN 3.30 ■^*»- JSim ^ abBsaq; WBSDAr BDKi t i pn tg D Al' dkM ^ tf IT** m *— ^ JUTffSOtAT a r^ wtm &aASWB» K:i;ii lULS Aw Tariltion fmn tile priMed adiedaie bemutlmiiei^ by ti» w giBttmr , who ifquirM ttt an»ro^^^ iist^^^h^kix aal hea4 «f Ibe dipttti* mint CHANGES m BEGKmATiON Angr dokffe «f twrsm is Mads otAfiii tiie wiittoi friMii Ihe iireftor aod ia snbjdi to A fee ^ "Mf Aiiktf after the flart tre daji» Aftor upearbm nch fif /ite i i froai ^ ^|tfar4h|^^dcatp^ ttii |ii- istrar, whoilft tttm wttes d^jbum ourd lor tile cmuap thee to d fart is atiteriiii and a' withdrawal «rd t# tite inslsroetdr bt dmrgt of theMcw fhMh il^^l^^^ Uideei fWa la doae» ileyMMi^ twr the niw c«rae aad a faifam win he i^rdiiior the confab dreflped* tlOc^of the BetlBCitti 52 summ?:r school vation, control, conserv^ation and development of wild forms will be studied. Week-end cruises will be made on the Chesapeake Bay from the Laboratory to the main fishing grounds for oysters, crabs, terrapin, and fin fishes. Observation will be made of the holding, preserving, packing, and shipping of commercial forms of seafoods at Crisfield, Cambridge, Solomons, and elsewhere, as weather conditions permit. Zool. 102 cbt. Invertebrates (6). — Prerequisite, eight semester hours in Biology. Dr. Olson. Lectures, laboratory, and collecting trips to illustrate various significant modifications of the invertebrate types, their structure, habits, and classi- fication. A detailed study of selected types will be made, and as far as possible local forms will be used. Zool. 107 cbl. Invertebrate Kmbryolojijy (:\). — Prerequisite, nine semester hours of zoology. Lecture and laboratory. Dr. Lindsey. This course deals largely with the principles of embryonic develoj)nient exhibited by representative invertebrate groups found in the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Living material is used extensively. Zool. 206 cbl. Biological Problems (Credit to be arranged) — Laboratory Staff. A prospective student should consult with the Dean of the Graduate School in which he is matriculated for an advanced degree before making inquiry about this work. Botany Hot. 101 cbl. Algae (3). — Prerequisite, nine semester hours in biology, including a minimum of six hours in botany. Dr. Croasdale. This course, consisting of field and laboratory work as well as lectures, will deal with the distribution, morphology, cytology, and classification of the marine and fresh water algae of the Solomons Island region. The laboratory work will include a detailed study of the development of one or more representative types from each of the main groups with briefer comparative examination and identificat'jn of related forms. For further information about work at the Chesapeake Biological Lab- oratory, apply to Dr. K. \. Truitt, Director, College l*ark, Maryland. STUDENT'S SCHEDULE PZRIOD MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THUBSDAY FRIDAY SATXTBDAY 8.00 • • 9.00 10.30 11.30 1.30 2.30 3.30 CHANGES IN THE PRINTED SCHEDULE Any variation from the printed schedule must be authorized by the registrar, who requires the approval of the director and head of the depart- ment concerned. CHANGES IN REGISTRATION Any change of courses is made only on the written permiasioii from the director and is subject to a fee of one dollar ($1.00) after the first five days. After securing such written permission from the director the student must present the same to the reg- istrar, who in turn issues a class card for the course the student is entering and a withdrawal card to the instructor in charge of the course from which the student withdraws. Unless this is done, no credit will be given for the new course and a failure will be recorded for the course dropped. Office of the Registrar.