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Full text of "The Summer School"

3fcjSftjLL Coll.,. .1, &daryland 



OFFICIAL PUBLICATION 

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 



SUMMER SCHOOL 

JUNE 24 TO AUGUST 2 

1946 

Vol. 43 No. 2 



College Park, Maryland 



SUMMER SCHOOL, 1946 

CALENDAR 

June 21-22, Friday-Saturday — Registration, new graduate students only, 

June 24, Monday — Registration — all undergraduate students and matriculat- 
ed graduate students. 

June 29, Saturday — Classes as usual. 

July 16-17 — P.TA. Summer Conference. 

July 6, Saturday — Classes as usual. 

July 26, Friday — Institute on Professional Relations. 

July 29-31, School Building Institute. 

August 2, Friday — Close of Summer School. 



BOARD OF REGENTS 

Term Expires 

WIU.IAM P. Cole, Jr., Chairman 1949 

100 W. University Parkway, Baltimore, Md. 

Thomas R. Brookes. Vice-Chairman 1952 

Bel Air, Maryland 

Stanford Z. Rothschild, Secretary 1952 

109 E. Redwood Street, Baltimore, Md. 

J. Melton Patterson, Treasurer 1953 

120 W. Redwood Street, Baltimore, Md. 

E. Paul Knotts 1954 

Denton, Maryland 

Glenn L. Martin 1951 

Middle River, Baltimore, Md. 

Harry H. Nuttle 1950 

Denton, Maryland 

Philip C. Turner 1950 

2 E. North Avenue, Baltimore, Md. 

Mrs. John L. Whitehurst 1947 

4101 Greenway, Baltimore, Md. 

Charles P. McCormick 1948 

McCormick & Co., Inc., Baltimore, Md. 

Senator Millard E. Tydings _ 1951 

Senate OflBce Building, Washington, D. C. 



University of Maryland, OfGcial Publication, issued semi-monthly during May, June, and 

July and bi-monthly the rest of the year at College Park, Maryland. Entered as 

Second-class matter under Act of Congress of August 24, 1912. 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS 

H. C. Byrd President 

Henry Brechbill Acting Director, Summer School; 

Acting Dean, College of Education 

Harold Benjamin Consulting Dean, College of Education 

Alma Frothingham Secretary 

C. 0. Appleman Dean, Graduate School 

H. F. Cotterman Assistant Dean, College of Agriculture 

Marie Mount Dean, College of Home Economics 

J, Freeman Pyle Dean, College of Business and Public 

Administration; Acting Dean, College of Arts and Sciences 

S. S. Steinberg Dean, College of Engineering 

T. B. Symons Dean, College of Agriculture 

Adele Stamp Dean of Women 

Geary Eppley Dean of Men 

Edgar F. Long Acting Director of Admissions 

Alma H. Preinkert Registrar 

C. L. Benton Comptroller 

Carl W. E. Hintz Librarian 

T. A. HUTTON Pui'chasing Agent and Manager of Students' Supply Store 



2 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

CONTENTS 

Page 

Administrative Officers 1 

Instructors in Summer School 4 

General Information , 7 

Terms of Admission 7 

Academic Credit 7 

Normal and Maximum Loads 7 

Registration 8 

Tuition and Fees 8 

Cancellation of Courses 9 

Living Accommodations and Meals 9 

Refunds 9 

Student Health 10 

Parking Regulations 10 

Social and Recreational Activities 10 

Summer Graduate Work 10 

Candidates for Degrees 11 

Library Facilities 11 

University Bookstore 11 

Special Institutes and Meetings 12 

Professional Relations 12 

Parent-Teacher Association Summer Conference 12 

Planning of School Buildings 12 

Course Offerings and Descriptions 13 

Agricultural Economics and Farm Management 18 

Agricultural Education and Rural Life 13 

Agronomy 14 

Animal Husbandry 14 

Bacteriology 14 

Botany 15 

Business and Public Administration 15 



SUMMER SCHOOL 3 

Page 

Chemistry 16 

Dairy Husbandry 18 

Economics 18 

Education 19 

Home Economics Education 22 

Industrial Education 22 

Nursery School Education 22 

Physical Education 25 

English 26 

Entomology 27 

Foreign Languages and Literatures 27 

History 29 

Home Economics 30 

Horticulture 31 

Library Science 31 

Mathematics 32 

Music 33 

Physics 34 

Political Science 34 

Poultry 34 

Psychology 34 

Sociology : 36 

Zoology 37 



UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 



INSTRUCTORS IN SUMMER SCHOOL 

Francis R. Adams, Jr., A.B., Graduate Assistant in English 

Arthur M. Ahalt, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Education 

Emily W. Akin, M.S., Instructor in Textiles and Clothing 

Charles 0. Appleman, Ph.D., Professor of Botany and Plant Physiology 

Oliver E. Baker, Ph.D., Professor of Geography 

Ronald Bamford, Ph.D., Professor of Botany 

Madge Beauman, R.N., Assistant in Physical Education 

Harold Benjamin, Ph.D., Director, Division of International Educational 

Relations, United States Office of Education 
Rachel Benton, Ph.D., Professor of Physical Education 
Henry Brechbill, Ph.D., Professor of Education 
Glen D. Brown, A.M., Professor of Industrial Education 
Russell G. Brown, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Plant Physiology 
Eleanor B. Browne, Ph.D., Part-Time Instructor, College of Education 
Marie D. Bryan, A.M., Instructor in English and Education 
Sumner 0. Burhoe, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Zoology 
Gordon M. Cairns, Ph.D., Professor of Dairy Husbandry 
Charles E. Calhoun, M.B.A., Professor of Business Administration 
Verne E. Chatelain, Ph.D., Professor of History 
C. William Cissel, A.M., Associate Professor of Accounting 
Eli W. Clemens, Ph.D., Professor of Economics 

S. Grant Conner, A.M., Associate Professor of Industrial Education 
Franklin D. Cooley, Ph.D., Associate Professor of English 
Harold F. Cotterman, Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Education 
Ernest N. Cory, Ph.D., Professor of Entomology 
Carroll E. Cox, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Plant Pathology 
Jane H. Crow, M.S., Instructor in Institution Management 
Dieter Cunz, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Foreign Languages 
Samuel H. DeVault, Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Economics and Farm 

Management 
Dudley Dillard, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Economics 
Eitel W. Dobert, A.B., Assistant in Foreign Languages 
Luke E. Ebersole, A.M., Instructor in Sociology 
John E. Faber, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Bacteriology 
William K. Gautier, M.S., Instructor in Physics 
Wesley M. Gewehr, Ph.D., Professor of History 

Guy W. Gienger, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Engineering 
Richard A. Good, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
Romain G. Greene, A.M., Instructor in English 
Edward W. Gregory, Jr., Ph.D., Professor of Sociology 
Allan G. Gruchy, Ph.D., Professor of Economics 
James M. Gwin, A.M., Professor of Poultry 
Ray C. Hackman, Ph.D., Instructor in Business Administration 
Eugene T. Halaas, Ph.D., Director of Bureau of Business Research, Pro- 
fessor of Business Administration 
Dick W. Hall, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
Arthur B. Hamilton, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics 
Irvin C. Haut, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Pomology 



SUMMER SCHOOL 5 

Elizabeth E. Haviland, Ph.D., Instructor in Entomology 

Jane B. Hobson, A.B., B.S.L.S., Head, Loan Department, University Library 
Laura Hooper, Ph.D., Assistant Director, Hlman School for Children, Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania 
R. Lee Hornbake, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Industrial Education 
Charles E. Hutchinson, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Sociology 
Raymond S. Hyson, A.B., Superintendent of Schools, Carroll County 
Stanley B. Jackson, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
Walter F. Jeffers, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Plant Pathology 
John G. Jenkins, Ph.D., Pi'ofessor of Psychology 
Robert E. Jones, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Botany 

George J. Rabat, A.M., Acting Chief, European Section, International Edu- 
cational Relations, United States Office of Education 
James Kehoe, B.S., Instructor in Physical Education 
George A. Kelly, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Psychology 
Charles A. Kirkpatrick, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Business Admin- 
istration 
Charles F. Kramer, A.M., Associate Professor of Foreign Languages 
Norman C. Laffer, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Bacteriology 
Hazel W. Lapp, M.S., Assistant Professor of Foods and Nutrition 
Frederick H. Leinbach, Ph.D., Professor of Animal Husbandry 
Peter P. Lejins, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Sociology. 
Robert A. Littleford, Ph.D., Instructor in Zoology 

Edward F. Longley, A.M., Baltimore Polytechnic Institute, Baltimore, Md. 
Minerva L. Martin, Ph.D., Instructor in English 
Monroe H. Martin, Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics 
Salvatore F. Martino, B.S., Graduate Assistant in Physics 
Frieda W. McFarland, A.M., Professor of Textiles and Clothing 
Edna B. McNaughton, A.M., Professor of Home Economics Education 
Frances H. Miller, A.M., Instructor in English 
Emory A. Mooney, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of English 
Raymond Morgan, Ph.D., Professor of Physics 

Earl W. Mounce, A.M., LL.M., Associate Professor of Law and Labor 
M. Marie Mount, A.M., Professor of Home and Institution Management 
Garrett Nyweide, A.M., Director, Vocational Education and Extension Board 

of Rockland County, New York 
Norman E. Phillips, Ph.D., Professor of Zoology 
Hugh B. Pickard, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
Augustus J. Prahl, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Foreign Languages 
Ernest F. Pratt, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry 
J. Freeman Pyle, Ph.D., Professor of Economics and Marketing 
George D. Quigley, B.S., Associate Professor of Poultry Husbandry 
Harlan Randall, B.Mus., Associate Professor of Music 
E. Wilkins Reeve, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry 
James H, Reid, A.M., Assistant Professor of Economics 
Lawrence A. Ringenberg, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
Harlan Rosenblatt, M.S., Graduate Assistant in Physics 
Fillmore H. Sanford, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology 
Alvin W. Schindler, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Education 
Albert L. Schrader, Ph.D., Professor of Pomology 



6 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Burton Shipley, B.S., Assistant Professor of Physical Education 
Arthur W. Silver, A.M., Assistant Professor of History 
Denzel D. Smith, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology 
Jesse W. Sprowls, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology 
Reuben G. Steinmeyer, Ph.D., Professor of Political Science 
William J. Svirbely, D.Sc, Associate Professor of Chemistry 
Esther T. Taylor, M.S., Assistant Professor of Foods and Nutrition 
Royle P. Thomas, Ph.D., Professor of Soils 

Edward D. Trembly, M.B.A., C.P.A., Assistant Professor of Accounting 
Willis L. Tressler, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Zoology 
John L. Vanderslice, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
William Van Royen, Ph.D., Professor of Geography 

W. Paul Walker, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics 
Kathryn M. P. Ward, A.M., Assistant Professor of English 
Ruth K. Webb, A.M., Assistant Professor, Wilson Teachers College, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 
Joe Young West, Ph.D., Professor of Science, State Teachers College, 

Towson, Md. 
Charles E. White, Ph.D., Professor of Inorganic Chemistry 
Raymond C. Wiley, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Analytical Chemistry 
Albert Woods, B.S., Assistant Professor of Physical Education 
Mark W. Woods, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Plant Pathology 
Harold C. Yeager, M.Mus.Ed., Instructor in Music 
W. Gordon Zeeveld, Ph.D., Associate Professor of English 
Yvonne Zenn, A.M., Instructor in Physical Education 



SUMMER SCHOOL 



GENERAL INFORMATION 

The 1946 Summer School of the University of Maryland will open with 
registration on Monday, June 24, and extend for six weeks, ending Friday, 
August 2. 

In order that there may be P.O class periods for each full course, classes 
\vill be held on Saturday, June 29, and July 6, to make up for time lost 
on registration. All divisions of the University at College Park, except 
the College of Engineering, will participate in the Summer School. All 
courses in the Summer School will extend for six weeks. 

TERMS OF ADMISSION 

Teachers and special students not seeking degrees are admitted to the 
courses of the Summer Session for which they are qualified. 

The admission requirements for those who desire to become candidates 
for degrees are the same as for other sessions of the University. Before 
registering, a candidate for a degree will be required to be admitted to 
the University. He should see Dr. E. F. Long, Director of Admissions, and 
also should consult the Dean of the College in which he seeks a degree. 

Graduates of accredited normal schools with satisfactorj- normal school 
records may be admitted to advanced standing in the College of Educa- 
tion. The objectives of the individual student determine the exact amount 
of credit allowed. The student is given indi\ndual counsel as to the best 
procedure for fulfilling the requirements for a degree. 

ACADEMIC CREDIT 

The semester hour is the unit of credit. A semester credit hour repre- 
sents one lecture or recitation a week for a semester, which is approxi- 
mately seventeen weeks in length. Two or three hours of laboratory or 
field work are counted as equivalent to one lecture or recitation. During 
the Summer Session a course meeting five times a week for six weeks 
requiring the standard amount of outside work is given a weight of two 
semester hours. 

Students who are matriculated as candidates for degrees will be given 
credit towards the appropriate degree for satisfactory completion of 
courses. All courses offered in the Summer Session are creditable to- 
wards the appropriate degree. 

Teachers and other students not seeking degrees will receive official 
reports specifying the amount and quality of work completed. These 
reports will be accepted by the Maryland State Department of Education 
and .by the appropriate education authorities in other states for the exten- 
sion and renewal of certificates in accordance \\ith their laws and regu- 
lations. 

NORMAL AND MAXIMUM LOADS 

Six semester hours is the normal load for the Summer Session. Under- 
graduate students in the College of Education and teachers in service 
may take a maximum of eight semester hours if they have above-average 
grades. Extra tuition is charged for loads over six semester hours. For 
details, see "Tuition and Fees." 



8 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 



REGISTRATION 



Registration for the Summer School will take place on Monday, June 24, 
from 9 a. m. to 4:30 p. m. for all students except new graduate students. 
Graduate students who are not matriculated should register on Friday and 
on Saturday morning, June 21 and 22, and should report to the office of the 
Graduate Dean, Dr. C. 0. Appleman, 214 Agriculture Building. 

Teachers and other Summer Session students, except regular under- 
graduates who are candidates for degrees in other colleges than the College 
of Education, will register in the office of the Acting Director of the 
Summer School, Education Building. Regular undergraduate students will 
register in the offices of their respective deans. After registration materials 
have been completed and approved, bills will be issued and fees paid at 
the offices of the Registrar and Cashier in the Administration Building. 

Instruction will begin on Tuesday, June 25, at 8:20 a. m. The late regis- 
tration fee on Tuesday, June 25, will be $3.00; thereafter, it will be $5.00. 

Students who have not previously been admitted to and matriculated in 
the University should report before registration to the Acting Director of 
Admissions, Dr. E. F. Long, in the Administration Building. Such students 
will find it advantageous to make arrangements for admission in advance 
by mail. 

TUITION AND FEES 

Undergraduate Students 

General Tuition Fee $26.50 

This fee entitles the student to 6 semester hours of work, 
the general recreational program, and the use of a post 
office box. 

Non-residence Fee 10.00 

This fee must be paid by all undergraduate students not 
residents of Maryland or the District of Columbia. 

Matriculation Fee 10.00 

Payable only once, upon admission to the University. Every 
student must be matriculated. 

Special Tuition Fees 

For load of 3 semester hours, or less, or for additional 

work over 6 semester hours, per semester hour 6.00 

Graduate Students 

General Tuition Fee 31.50 

This fee entitles the student to 6 semester hours of work, 
the general recreational program, and the use of a post 
office box. 

Matriculation Fee 10.00 

Payable only once, upon admission to the Graduate School. 

Special Tuition Fee for load of 4 semester hours, or less, per 

semester hour 6.00 



SUMMER SCHOOL 9 

Miscellaneous Information 

There is no non-residence fee for graduate students. 

Auditors pay the same fees as regular students except that no charge 
is made to students who have paid the general fee. 

A special laboratory fee may be charged for certain courses where such 
fee is noted in the course description. 

The diploma fee is $10.00. 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for each change in program after June 29th. 
If such changes involve entrance to a course, they must be ap- 
proved by the instructor in charge of the course entered. Courses 
cannot be dropped after July 13th. 

CANCELLATION OF COURSES 

Courses may be cancelled if the number of students enrolled is below 
certain minima. In general, fershman and sophomore courses will not be 
maintained for classes smaller than 15. Minimum enrollments for upper 
courses and graduate courses will be 10 and 5 respectively. 

LIVING ACCOMMODATIONS— MEALS 

Students are accommodated in the University dormitories up to the 
capacity of the dormitories. Students wishing to live in the dormitories 
on the campus will be required to take their meals in the University Dining 
Hall. Dormitory rooms will cost from $15.00 to $25.00 for the session, 
depending on the type of accommodations. Board will be $60.00. For res- 
ervations, write to Miss Marian Johnson, Assistant Dean of Women, or 
Mr. James Kehoe, Men's Dormitory Manager. 

A few off campus houses may accommodate summer school teachers 
without board. Miss Johnson or Mr. Kehoe will furnish the names of 
these householders to whom you should write to make your own arrange- 
ments. Cafeteria meal service will be available to all Summer School 
students in the University Dining Hall. 

Rooms may be reserved in advance but will not be held later than noon 
of Tuesday, June 25. As the number of rooms is limited, early application 
for reservations is advisable. The University dormitories will be open for 
occupancy the morning of Monday, June 24. 

Students attending the Summer School and occupying rooms in the 
dormitories will provide themselves with towels, pillows, pillow cases, 
sheets, and blankets. Trunks should be marked plainly with name and 
address (dormitory and room number if rooms have been assigned in 
advance). Trunks sent by express should be prepaid. Maid service will 
be provided for student rooms. 

The University assumes no responsibility for rooms and board offered 
to Summer Session patrons outside of the University dormitories and 
dining room. 

REFUNDS 

In cases of %vithdrawal for illness or other unavoidable causes, refunds 
will be made as follows: 



10 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

For withdrawal within five days after registration full refund of fixed 
charges and fees, with a deduction of $5.00 to cover cost of registration 
will be made. 

After five days, and up to two weeks, refunds on all charges will be 
prorated with the deduction of $5.00 for cost of registration. 

Applications for refunds must be made to the registrar's office and ap- 
proved by the appropriate dean and the director. No refund will be paid 
until the application form has been signed by the dean and the director and 
countersigned by the dormitory representative if the applicant rooms in 
a dormitory. 

STUDENT HEALTH 

The University Infirmary, located on the campus, in charge of the regular 
University physician and nurse, provides medical service of a routine nature 
for the students in the Summer Session. Students who are ill should 
report promptly to the University Infirmary, either in person or by phone 
(Extension 326). 

PARKING OF AUTOMOBILES 

For the use of students, staff members, and employees, several conveni- 
ently located and wholly adequate parking lots are provided. The Uni- 
versity rules forbid the parking of cars on any of the campus roads. 
These rules are enforced by State police. 

SOCIAL AND RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES 

t 

There will be a carefully planned program of social and recreational 
events administered by the Office of the Dean of Women. The recreational 
fee of one dollar, paid by all registrants in the Summer Session, is used 
to finance the program. 

A representative advisory committee of students will be appointed to 
plan such events as they may wish to provide. Suggestions as to the 
nature of the social program will be welcomed by the Assistant Deans of 
Women or by the Director. 

SUMMER GRADUATE WORK 

Graduate work in the Summer School may be counted as residence toward 
an advanced degree. A full year of residence is required for the Master's 
degree, the summer term counting in proportion to the amount of credit 
carried. The maximum amount of graduate credit for the six weeks 
is six semester hours. Normally four such summer terms will be required 
for the Master's degree although a fifth summer term may be required 
in order that a satisfactory thesis may be completed. 

Five Masters' degrees with slightly varying requirements are offered, as 
follows : 

Master of Arts 

Master of Science 

Master of Arts in American Civilization 

Master of Education 

Master of Business Administration 



SUMMER SCHOOL 11 

The requirements for these degrees are set forth in the Graduate School 
Announcements, a copy of which may be procured by request addressed to 
the Graduate School. 

Special regulations governing graduate work in Education and supple- 
menting the statements contained in the Graduate School Announcements 
are available in duplicated form and may be obtained at the College of 
Education. Each graduate student in Education should have a copy. 
Students seeking the Master's degree as a qualification for a certificate 
issued by the Maryland State Department of Education or any other certify- 
ing authority should consult the appropriate bulletin for specific require- 
ments. Advisers will assist students in planning to meet such requirements. 

All students desiring graduate credit, whether for meeting degree re- 
quirements, for transfer to another institution, or for any other purpose, 
must be regularly matriculated and registered in the Graduate School. 
Those expecting to register as graduate students should bring with them 
transcripts of their undergraduate and graduate records from other insti- 
tutions. 

CANDIDATES FOR DEGREES 

Undergraduate students who expect to complete their requirements for 
baccalaureate degrees during the summer session should make application 
for diplomas at the office of the Registrar. 

LIBRARY FACILITIES 

The General Library at College Park, completed in 1931, is an attractive 
well equipped and well lighted structure. The main reading room on the 
second floor seats 236, and has about 5,000 reference books and bound 
periodicals on open shelves. The stack room is equipped with carrels and 
desks for the use of advanced students. About 10,000 of the 125,000 
volumes on the campus are shelved in the Chemistry and Entomology 
departments, the Graduate School, and other units. Over 900 periodicals 
are currently received. 

The University Library System is able to supplement its reference 
service by borrowing material from other libraries through inter-library 
loans or bibliofilm service, or by arranging for personal work in the 
Library of Congress, the United States Office of Education Library, the 
United States Department of Agriculture Library, and other agencies in 
Washington. 

UNIVERSITY BOOKSTORE 

For the convenience of students, the University maintains a students' 
supply store, located in the basement of the Administration Building, 
where students may obtain at reasonable prices textbooks, stationery, class- 
room materials and equipment, confectionery, etc. 

The store is operated on the basis of furnishing students needed books 
and supplies at as low a cost as practicable, and profits, if any, are turned 
into the general University treasury to be used for promoting general 
student welfare. 



12 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Students are advised not to purchase any textbooks until they have been 
informed by their instructors of the exact texts to be used in the various 
courses, as texts vary from year to year. 

The bookstore is operated on a cash basis. 

SPECIAL INSTITUTES AND MEETINGS 

The Parent-Teacher Association Summer Conference — July 16-17 

The College of Education will cooperate with the Maryland Congress 
of Parents and Teachers in planning their convention to be held this sum- 
mer on the University campus. The theme of the meeting will be: "The 
Improvement of Understanding of Young Children by Adults." Persons 
of national reputation will be present as speakers and discussion leaders 
at the conference. 

Institute on Professional Relations — July 26 

The annual institute on Professional Relations, sponsored jointly by the 
Maryland State Teachers Association, the National Education Association, 
and the College of Education will be held on July 26th. A theme and key- 
note speaker will be announced early in the summer session. 

Most education, and some other classes, will be dismissed on this day 
to permit students to attend the sessions of the institute. An invitation 
to attend is extended to teachers generally, whether enrolled in the sum- 
mer session or not. 

Institute on the Planning of School Buildings — July 29-31 

In recognition of the present need for expansion of the educational 
plant in the state and the extensive building program which is scheduled 
to take place in the near future, a three-day institute has been planned 
for July 29-31, inclusive, at which the problems of planning, building, and 
maintenance of school houses and grounds will be discussed under the 
leadership of competent authorities in this field. 

Dr. Ray L. Hamon of the United States Office of Education, who has 
already taken an active part in both sur\'eys and conferences relating to 
school plant in the state will be present throughout the Institute as chief 
consultant. Under his leadership a number of other experts will be present 
to discuss problems in their respective fields. The whole institute will be 
under the administrative direction of Mr. Paul D. Cooper, who is in charge 
of the building program in Prince George's County. 

While the institute will render most immediate service to superintendents 
and their staff members, school board members, principals, and other 
administrative officers, its proceedings should be of interest to teachers 
also. It will constitute an integral part of the regular summer school 
course, Ed. S 214 — School Buildings and Equipment, given by Mr. Raymond 
S. Hyson, Superintendent of Schools, Carroll County. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 13 

COURSE OFFERINGS AND DESCRIPTIONS 

(Unless otherwise stated, courses meet one hour daily, five days a week.) 

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGEMENT 

A. E. 109. Research Problems (1-2). To be arranged. (DeVault and 
staff.) 

With tlie permission of the instructor, students will work on any research 
problems in agricultural economics. There will be occasional class meet- 
ings for the purpose of making reports on progress of work. 

A. E. 200. Special Problems in Farm Economics (2). To be arranged. 
(DeVault.) 

An advanced course dealing extensively with some of the economic 
problems affecting the farmer, such as land values, taxation, credit, prices, 
production adjustments, transportation, marketing, and cooperation. 

A, E. S. 207. Farm Business Analysis (1). First three weeks. To be 
arranged. (Hamilton.) 

This course considers the preparation, keeping, and analysis of farm 
records; farm budgeting, farm management surveys, the reorganization 
of typical farms, and the use of farm records for income tax reports. 
Students will analyze records of different types of farms located in various 
parts of the State and make specific recommendations as to how these 
farms may be improved. 

A. E. S. 208. Advanced Farm Economics (1). Not given in 1946. 

A. E. 210. Taxation in Relation to Agriculture (2). To be arranged. 
(Walker.) 

Principles and practices of taxation in their relation to agriculture, with 
special reference to the trends of tax levies, taxation in relation to land 
utilization, taxation in relation to ability to pay, and benefits received. 

AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND RURAL LIFE 

The three-week courses in Agricultural Education and Rural Life which 
follow' are offered primarily for teachers of vocational agriculture, county 
agents, and others interested in the professional and cultural development 
of rural communities. The normal load in such a program is three courses, 
which gives 3 units of credit. The courses of this department are offered 
in a cycle. By pursuing such a program successfully for four summers, 
a student will be able to earn 12 semester hours, a minimum major in 
this field, and could then return for two full summer sessions or one 
semester of regular school or for four more summers of three weeks each 
to complete the remaining 12 hours required for the master's degree. 
These courses are arranged to articulate with the three-week courses in 
Agricultural Economics and Farm Management, Agronomy, Animal Hus- 
bandry, Botany, Dairy Husbandry, Entomology, Horticulture and Poultry. 

In 1946 the first three-week period will extend from June 24 to July 12. 
School will be held on Saturdays, June 29 and July 6, to make up for 
registration day, and July 4. 



14 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

R. Ed. S. 207 A-B. Problems in Teaching Vocational Agriculture and 
Related Science (1-1). First three weeks. Part A. 8:20, T-112. (Ahalt.) 

A critical analysis of current problems in the teaching of vocational 
agriculture with special emphasis upon recent developments in all-day 
programs. 

R. Ed. S. 208 A-B. Problems in Teaching Farm Mechanics (1-1). First 
Three weeks. Part A. 1:30 to 3:20; T-112. (Gienger.) 

This course deals with the latest developments in the teaching of Farm 
Mechanics. Various methods in use will be compared and studied under 
laboratory conditions. 

R. Ed. S. 209 A-B. Adult Education in Agriculture (1-1). First three 
weeks. Part A. 11:20; T-112. (Ahalt.) 

Principles of adult education as applied to rural groups. Organizing 
classes, planning courses, and instructional methods are stressed. 

AGRONOMY 
Agron. 206 S. Cropping Systems (1). Not given in 1946. 

Soils 101 S. Soil Management (1). First three weeks. To be arranged. 
(Thomas.) 

Factors involved in management of soils in general and of Maryland soils 
in particular. Emphasis is placed on methods of maintaining and improv- 
ing chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of soils. Illustrations 
with conservation practices received particular attention. 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 

A. H. 206 S. Beef Cattle (1). First three weeks. To be arranged. 
(Leinbach.) 

A summary course primarily designed for vocational agriculture teach- 
ers. This course deals with the principles involved in practical economical 
beef production. Topics discussed will include: the selection of breeding 
stock, management problems and practices, the feeding of the commercial 
herd and fattening steers; general market problems. 

BACTERIOLOGY 

Bact. 1. General Bacteriology (4). Five lectures and five two-hour 
laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 9:20, T-314; laboratory, 10:20-12:10, 
T-314. Laboratory fee, $8.00. (Faber.) 

The physiology, culture, and differentiation of bacteria. Fundamental 
principles of microbiology in relation to man and his environment. 

Bact. 5. Physiology of Bacteria (4). Five lectures and five two-hour 
laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 8:20, T-314; laboratory, 9:20-11:10, 
T-307. Laboratory fee, $8.00. (Laffer.) 

Emphasis upon the fundamental physiological activities of bacteria; 
cytology and growth; respiration. Preparation of culture media, reagents, 
and staining solutions; introduction to preparation room procedures. Refine- 
ment of bacteriological technique. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 15 

Bact, 290. Research. Credit, time of lectures and laboratories, and 
character of work determined through consultation with head of the depart- 
ment. (Staff.) 

BOTANY 

Dot. 1. General Botany (4). Five lectures and five two-hour labora- 
tory periods per week. Lecture, 11:20, T-219; laboratory, 8:20, T-208. Lab- 
oratory fee, $5.00. (Brown and Jones.) 

General introduction to botany, touching briefly on all phases of the 
subject. The chief aim in this course is to present fundamental biological 
principles rather than to lay the foundation for professional botany. 
The student is also acquainted with the true nature and aim of botanical 
science, its methods, and the value of its results. 

Bot. 50. Plant Taxonomy (3). Thi*ee lectures and five two-hour lab- 
oratory periods per week. Prerequisite, Bot. 1, or equivalent. Not given 
in 1946. (Brown.) 

Bot. 122 S. Field Plant Pathology (1). A course for teachers of voca- 
tional agriculture and county agents. Important diseases of Maryland 
crops will be discussed. Not given in 1946. Prerequisite, Bot. 20. (Cox.) 

Bot. 206. Research, Physiology. (Credit according to work done.) Stu- 
dents must be qualified to pursue with profit the research to be undertaken. 
(Appleman.) 

Bot. 214. Research, Morphology. (Credit according to work done.) 
(Bamford.) 

Bot. 225. Research, Pathology. (Credit according to work done.) 
(Woods and Jeffers.) 

BUSINESS AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 
B. A. 10. Organization and Control (2). 8:20; A-248. (Clemens.) 

B. A, 11. Organization and Control (2). 9:20; A-248. Prerequisite, 

sophomore standing. (Clemens.) 

A survey course treating the internal functional organization of a busi- 
ness enterprise. 

B. A. 20. Principles of Accounting (4). 8:20-10:10; A-243. (Trembly.) 

B. A. 21. Principles of Accounting (4). 8:20-10:10; A-246. (Cissel.) 

The fundamental principles and problems involved in the accounting sys- 
tem; capital and surplus; bonds; and manufacturing and cost accounting. 

B. A. 120. Intermediate Accounting (5). Thirteen periods a week; 
daily, 1:20-3:10, and M., W., F., 3:20; A-243. Prerequisite, B. A. 21. 

A comprehensive study of the theory and problems of valuation of 
assets, corporation accounts and statements, consignment and installments, 
and the interpretation of accounting statements. 



16 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

B. A. 130. Elements of Business Statistics (3). Eight periods a week; 
daily, 11:20, and M. W., F., 10:20; A-246. Prerequisite, junior standing. 
(Halaas.) 

This course is devoted to a study of the fundamental of statistics. Em- 
phasis is placed upon the collection of data; hand and machine tabulation; 
graphic charting; statistical distribution; averages; index numbers; samp- 
ling; elementary tests of reliability; and simple correlations. 

B. A. 140. Financial Management (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
10:20, M., W., F., 11:20; A-252. Prerequisite, Econ. 140. (Calhoun.) 

This course deals with the problems to be faced by management in the 
organization and financing of corporate enterprise; the various types of 
securities and their use in raising capital and apportioning income, risk, 
and control. 

B. A. 144. Life, Group, and Social Insurance (2). 2:20; A-246. Pre- 
requisite, Econ. 32 or 37. (Calhoun.) 

A study of the types of life insurance and the basic principles under- 
lying all life insurance relating to reserves, investments, premiums, and 
regulations. 

B. A. 150. Marketing Management (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
8:20, and M., W., F., 9:20; A-250. Prerequisite, Econ. 150. (Reid.) 

A study of the work of the marketing division in a going organization. 
The work of developing organizations and procedures for the control of 
marketing activities are surveyed. The emphasis throughout the course 
is placed on the determination of policies, methods, and practices for the 
effective marketing of various forms of manufactured products. 

B. A. 160. Personnel Management (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
8:20, and M., W., F., 9:20; A-252. Prerequisite, Econ. 160. (Mounce.) 

This course deals essentially with functional and administrative relation- 
ships between management and the labor force. It comprises a survey of 
the scientific selection of employees, "in-service" training, job analysis, 
classification and rating, motivation of employees, employee adjustment, 
wage incentives, employee discipline and techniques of supervision, elimina- 
tion of employment hazards, etc. 

B. A. 186. Real Estate Law and Conveyancing (2). 10:20; A-250. Pre- 
requisites, B. A 156 and 181. (Mounce.) 

This course attempts to cover in a general way these phases of real prop- 
erty law which are of interest not only to real estate dealers but to all 
business men. i 

CHEMISTRY 
A. Analytical Chemistry 

Chem. 19. Quantitative Analysis (4). Five lectures and five three-hour 
laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 11:20, H-5; laboratory, 1:20, K-231. 
Laboratory fee, $8.00. (Svirbely.) 

A brief survey of quantitative analysis with particular reference to volu- 
metric methods. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 17 

Chem, 166. Food Analysis (3). Three lectures and five three-hour lab- 
oratory periods a week. Lecture, M., T., W., 10:20, K-307; laboratory, 
1:20, K-105. Prerequisites, Chem. 19, 31, 32, 33, 34. Laboratory fee, $8.00. 
(Wiley.) 

For students of home economics, bacteriology, and agriculture. 

B. Inorganic Chemistry 

Chem. 3. General Chemistry (4). Five lectures and five three-hour 
laboratory periods a v^reek. Lecture, 11:20, A-1; laboratory, 1:20, K-9. 
Prerequisite, Chem. 1. Laboratory fee, $8.00. (White.) 

C. Organic Chemistry 

Chem. 37. Elementary Organic Chemistry (2). Five lectures per week. 
8:20; K-307. Prerequisites, Chem. 1, 3. (Reeve.) 

Chem. 38. Elementary Organic Laboratory (2). Five three-hour lab- 
oratory periods a week. 9:20-12:10; K-306. Prerequisite, Chem. 35, or 
concurrent registration therein. Laboratory fee, $8.00. (Reeve.) 

Chem. 142, 144. Advanced Organic Laboratory (2, 2). Five three- 
hour laboratory periods a week. Arranged; K-310. Prerequisites, Chem. 19 
or 23 and Chem. 37, 38. Laboratory fee, $8.00. (Pratt.) 

Syntheses and the quantitative determination of carbon and hydrogen, 
halogen, and nitrogen are studied. 

Chem. 146, 148. The Identification of Organic Compounds (2, 2.) Five 
three-hour laboratory periods a week. Arranged; K-310. Prerequisites, 
Chem. 141, 143, or concurrent registration therein. Laboratory fee, $8.00. 
(Pratt.) 

The systematic identification of organic compounds. 

Chem. 2.54. Advanced Organic Preparations (2-4). Five to ten three- 
hour laboratory periods a week. Arranged; K-310. Laboratory fee, $8.00. 
(Pratt.) 

Chem. 258. The Identification of Organic Compounds; an Advanced 
Course (2, 4). Five to ten three-hour laboratory periods a week. Ar- 
ranged; K-310. Laboratory fee, $8.00. (Pratt.) 

Chem. 260. Advanced Organic Laboratory (1-2). Three to five three- 
hour laboratory periods per week. Arranged; K-310. Laboratory fee, 
$8.00. (Pratt.) 

An orientation course designed to demonstrate a new student's fitness to 
begin research in organic chemistry. 

Chem. 295. Phase Rule (2). Five lectures a week. 8:20; T-219. 
(Pickard.) 

A systematic study of heterogenous equilibria. One, two, and three com- 
ponent systems \vi\\ be studied, with practical applications of each. 

Chem. 360. Research. (Staff.) 



18 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

DAIRY HUSBANDRY 

D. H. 208 S. Advanced Dairy Production (1). First three weeks. To 
be arranged. (Cairns.) 

An advanced course primarily designed for vocational teachers of agri- 
culture and county agents. Deals with outstanding problems and latest 
developments in the field. 

ECONOMICS 

Econ. 1. Economic Resources (2). 10:20, A-106. (Baker.) 

Econ. 2. Economic Resources (2). 11:20, A-106. (Van Royen.) 

General comparative study of the geographic factor underlying produc- 
tion economics. Emphasis upon climate, soils, land forms, agricultural 
products, power resources, and major metallic minerals, concluding with 
brief survey of geography of commerce and manufacturing. 

Econ. 4. Economic Developments (2). 9:20; A-12. (Dillard.) 

Econ. 5. Economic Developments (2). 10:20; A-12. (Dillard.) 

An introduction to modem economic institutions — their origins, develop- 
ment, and present status. Commercial revolution, industrial revolution, 
and age of mass production. Emphasis on developments in England, West- 
em Europe, and the United States. 

Econ. 31. Principles of Economics (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
10:20, M., W., F., 11:20; A-248. Prerequisite, sophomore standing. (Gruchy.) 

A general analysis of the functioning of the economic system. A con- 
siderable portion of the course is devoted to a study of basic concepts and 
explanatory principles. The remainder deals ^^'ith the major problems of 
the economic system. 

Econ. 32. Principles of Economics (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
1:20, M.,W.,F., 2:20; A-250. Prerequisite, Econ. 31. (Reid.) 
Continuation of Econ. 31. 

Econ. S. 135. Current Economic Problems (2). 1:20; A-246. Prerequi- 
site, Econ. 32 or 37. (Gruchy.) 

A survey of the major economic problems of the postwar reconstruction 
period. Attention is given to both national and international problems. 

Econ. 140. Money and Banking (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 11:20, 
and M., W., F., 10:20; A-243. Prerequisite, Econ. 32 or 37. (Kirkpatrick.) 

A study of our money and banking system and the basic principles 
involved in its proper operation. 

Econ. 160. Labor Economics (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 10:20, 
and M., W., F., 11:20; A-21. Prerequisite, Econ. 32 or 37. 

The historical development and chief characteristics of the American 
Labor movement are first surveyed. Present day problems are then exam- 
ined in detail: wage theories, unemployment, social security, labor organ- 
izations, collective bargaining. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 19 

EDUCATION 

Ed. 102. History of Education in the United States (2). 9:20; N-101. 
(Browne.) 

A study of the origins and development of the chief features of the 
present system of education in the United States. 

Ed. S 122. The Social Studies in the Elementary .School (2). 9:20; 
E-212. (Webb.) 

The emphasis will be on pupil growth through social experiences. Con- 
sideration will be given to the utilization of environmental resources, cur- 
riculum organization and methods of teaching, and evaluation of newer 
methods and materials in the field. 

EW. S 127. Recent Trends in Curriculum and Methods in the Elementary 
School (2). 10:20; E-212. (Webb.) 

Emphasis in this course will be placed on recent trends in elementary 
education, newer instructional practices and classroom procedures, organ- 
ization of learning experiences, and modem techniques of evaluation. 
New methods and materials will be critically evaluated. Opportunity for 
the study and discussion of indi\-idual problems will be given. 

Ed. 130. Theory of the Junior High School (2). 11:20; X-106. (Browne.) 
A study of the junior high school; its purposes, functions, population, 
organization, program of studies, staff, and other pertinent features. 

Ed. 141. High School Course of Study-English (2). 10:20; E-214. 
(Bryan.) 

This course is concerned principally with the selection and organization 
of content for English classes in secondary schools. Subject matter is 
analyzed to clarify controversial elements of form, style, and usage. 

Ed. S 144. Materials and Procedures for the Junior High School Core 
Curriculum (2). 9:20; E-121. 

This course is designed to bring practical suggestions to teachers who 
are in charge of core classes in the emerging Maryland junior high schools. 
Materials and teaching procedures for specific units of work will be 
stressed. 

Ed. 147. Audio-Visual Education (2). 8:20; N-106. Fee, $1.00. (Brech- 
bill.) 

The use in and by the school of sensory impressions as a basis for 
learning; pictures, museum materials, journeys, etc. 

Ed. 150. Educational Measurements (2). 10:20; X-106. (Brechbill.) 
A study of tests and examinations with emphasis upon their construc- 
tion and use. Elementary statistical concepts. 

Ed. S 153. The Improvement of Reading (2). 10:20; N-101. (Schind- 
ler.) 

This course is designed for teachers of pupils in grades four to twelve. 
It is concerned with specific types of reading lessons for the improvement 
of major reading and study skills, the teaching of reading in subject fields, 
certain elements of psychology essential to the intelligent direction of 



20 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

reading activities, causation and analysis of reading difficulties, reading 
materials, and instruction for pupils with pronounced reading and study 
deficiencies. 

Ed. 155. Child Development and Guidance (2). 8:20; A-14. (Schindler.) 
This course is concerned with (1) the characteristics of elementary school 
children and (2) their implications for teachers. It includes the following 
areas: significant characteristics of physical growth; factors which influ- 
ence social, emotional, and intellectual development; how to gain an under- 
standing of individuals; utilizing and modifying home influences; basic 
personality needs of children; how to work with children, including desir- 
able pupil-teacher relationships. 

Ed. 161. Guidance in Secondary Schools (2).. 11:20; N-101. (Schindler.) 

This course is designed for teachers in terms of the day-by-day demands 
made upon them in the guidance of youth in their classes. It is also in- 
tended as an introductory course for teachers who wish to specialize in guid- 
ance work. Attention is given to problems on which pupils may need 
guidance, guidance responsibilities of different members of the school staff, 
counseling techniques, making and interpreting case studies, ways of get- 
ting and organizing information about students, and group guidance. 

Ed. 209. Seminar in History of Education (2). 10:20; DW-106. 
(Browne.) 

Ed. 210. The Organization and Administration of Public Education (2). 

9:20; N-105. (Hyson.) 

This course deals with so-called "external" phases of school administra- 
tion. It includes study of the present status of public school adminstra- 
tion; organization of local, state, and federal educational authorities; and 
the administrative relationships involved therein. 

Ed. S 213. Administration and Teaching in Junior High School (2). 
8:20; E-121. 

This course is concerned with persistent teaching problems and related 
administrative organization and policy, and is designed for teachers and 
administrators. Emphasis will be placed on ways and means whereby 
junior high schools may realize their functions fully. 

Ed. S 214. School Buildings and Equipment (3). 10:20-12:10; N-105. 
(Hyson.) 

This course will emphasize the planning and construction of school build- 
ings, the development of building programs, and the selection of equipment. 
The care and management of school buildings will also receive attention. 
Students who register for this course will participate in the three-day 
conference on school buildings. 

Ed. 217. Administration and Supervision in the Elementary School (2). 

11:20; E-212. (Webb.) 

Problems, basic principles, and recent improvements in elementary school 
administration and supervision with emphasis on personnel services, classi- 
fication and grouping of pupils, promotion and grading policies, socializing 



SUMMER SCHOOL 21 

activities, reports to parents, attendance, communty relations, and types of 
school organization will be considered. For both prospective and in-service 
principals. 

Ed. 219. Seminar in School Administration (2). 8:20; N-101. (Kabat.) 

Ed. S 232. Student Activities in the High School (2). 10:20; E-121. 

This course offers a consideration of the problems connected with the 
so-called "extra-curricular" activities of the present-day high scliool. Spe- 
cial consideration will be given to (1) philosophical bases, (2) aims, (.3) 
organization, and (4) supervision of student activities such as student 
council, school publications, musical organizations, dramatics, assemblies, 
and clubs. Present practices and current trends will be evaluated. 

Ed. S 250. Analysis of the Individual (2). 11:20; E-213. (Nyweide.) 
In this course emphasis is placed on the selection and administration 
of tests and inventories and on the interpretation of data obtained. 

Ed. S 261. Counseling Techniques (2). 9:20; E-213. (Nyweide.) 

This course deals with the various specialized techniques, procedures, and 
materials utilized by guidance specialists in the schools. To be required 
for the proposed Maryland counseling certificate. 

Ed. S 262. Occupational Information (2). 10:20; E-213. (Nyweide.) 

This course is designed to give counselors, teachers of social studies, 

school librarians, and other workers in the field of guidance and education 

a background of educational and occupational information which is basic 

for counseling and teaching. 

Ed. 279. Seminar in Adult Education (2). 8:20; N-105. (Benjamin.) 

Ed. 289. Research. (Staff.) 

Sci. Ed. S 1. General Science for the Elementary School. Section B-2 — 
For Intermediate Grades 2). 9:20; N-11. (West.) 

This course comprises appropriate science subject matter organized into 
patterns adaptable to the needs of elementary school children. Lectures, 
demonstrations, and individual projects will be utilized. 

Sci. Ed. 191. Workshop in Conservation Education (3). 10:20-12:10; 
N-11. Arranged laboratories, including two required*field trips. Fee, $1.00. 
(West.) 

Registrants in this workshop will organize into committees and devote 
their efforts to the discovery and collection of source materials suitable 
for instruction on the various school levels from primary to senior high 
school. Among the resources whose conservation may be studied are soils, 
water, forests, fisheries, wild life, and minerals. 

Among the various groups which have agreed to cooperate in the opera- 
tion of this workshop are the departments of botany, entomology, zoology, 
and the Agricultural Extension Servdce of the University; the State De- 
partment of Research and Education; the U. S. Department of the In- 
terior; and others. 

Enrollment will be limited to 25 students. 



22 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION 

H. E. Ed. 110. Child Development (3). M., W., F., 1:20-3:20; T., Th., 
1:20-2:20; N-101. (McNaughton.) 

The study of child development in relation to the physical, mental, and 
emotional phases of growth; adaptation of material to teaching of child 
care in high school; observation in nursery school; reviews of current 
books. 

H. E. Ed. 102. Problems in Teaching Home Economics (2). 9:20; 
E-110. (McNaughton.) 

Construction of units; analysis of text-books; evaluation of illustrative 
material. 

H. E. Ed. 112. Play and Play Materials (2). 9:20; T-218. (Hooper.) 

Study of play materials and play equipment in relation to use by different 
age levels; observation in nursery school; participation with a play group 
in a home. 

H. E. 113. Education of the Young Child (2). 8:20; T-218. Two hours 
observation per week, arranged. (Hooper.) 

A study of the nature and needs of the child from two to six years of 
age, including learning tendencies. The course will place emphasis on the 
planning of a child's day in nursery school and kindergarten based on his 
developmental needs. Housing, equipment, methods of studying children, 
and activities for each age group will be discussed. Opportunities for 
observation in child centers will be provided. 

H. E. Ed. 118. Teaching Nursery School (2). 10:20; T-218. (Hooper.) 
Observation and teaching two hours daily in a cooperative nursery school 
in College Park; conferences with director. 

H. E. Ed. 200. Seminar in Home Economics Education (2). 9:20; 
E-110. (McNaughton.) 

Study of newer techniques; reviews of Masters' theses; selection of spe- 
cial problems; seminar paper. 

INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION 

A. Professional Courses 

The following four courses are intended for vocational-industrial teach- 
ers and supervisors, for industrial arts teachers and supervisors, for secon- 
dary school principals and for other educators who desire to acquaint them- 
selves with the underlying principles and contributions of industrial arts 
and vocational education at the secondary school level. 

Ind. Ed. S 150. Methods of Teaching Vocational and Occupational Sub- 
jects (3). 11:20; F-104. Laboratory periods to be arranged. Laboratory 
fee, $3.00. (Conner.) 

Identification and analysis of the factors essential to helping others 
learn; the organization of these factors into "patterns" for effective teach- 
ing in varying learning situations; and practice in applying the techniques 
of teaching. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 23 

Classroom discussion will be supplemented by laboratory work permit- 
ting the development and construction of usable teaching aids such as 
mock-ups, models, etc. 

Ind. Ed. 170. Principles and Practices of Vocational Education (2). 
9:20; F-104. (Conner.) 

Establishment and evaluation of the principles underlying the vocational 
education movement; a study of the practices by which the principles are 
implemented; and their relationship to a comprehensive educational pro- 
gram for all youth and adults. 

Ind. Ed. 240. Research in Vocational and Industrial Arts Education (2). 
Arranged. (Staff.) 

Advanced and original work by graduate students in connection with 
approved problems of pertinent phases of industrial education. 

Ind. Ed. 207. Philosophy of Industrial Arts Education (2). 8:20; F-104. 
(Hombake.) 

A course intended to assist the student in his development of a point 
of view as regards industrial arts and its relationship with the total educa- 
tional program. The course should serve as a basis for projecting indus- 
trial arts programs and as a "yardstick" for evaluating current pro- 
cedures and proposals. 

B. Technical Courses 

The following courses are offered to persons who are preparing to teach 
industrial arts at the secondary school level or to teachers already engaged 
in Industrial Arts teaching. The courses are comparable in content and 
presentation to those offered during the regular school term in the Indus- 
trial Arts curriculum. The primary purpose of each course is to have 
the student develop sufficient skill and technique to instruct secondary 
school pupils in similar courses. To the extent that time permits an effort 
is made to study comprehensively the industries represented by each course. 

Ind. Ed. 26. Art Metal Work I (2). 8:20-10:10; I. Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

An introductory course in designing and constructing art products in 
aluminum, copper and brass. The processes covered include surface deco- 
ration by hammering, piercing, etching, enameling, heat treatment, and 
finishing. 

Ind. Ed. 67. Cold Metal Work (2). 8:20-10:10; I. Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

Metal in the form of bars, rods and tubes are shaped cold to produce 
"ornamental iron" and bench metal products. The use of the hacksaw, 
file, drill press, taps and dies, the designing and forming of scrolls and the 
finishes appropriate for cold metal work are representative of the course 
content. 

Ind. Ed. 28. Electricity I (2). 8:20-10:10; I. Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

An introductory course to electricity in general. It deals with the elec- 
trical circuit, elementary wiring problems, the measurement of electrical 
energy, and a brief treatment of radio such as may be offered at the junior 
high school level. 



24 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Ind. Ed. 1. Mechanical Drawing I (2). 10:20-12:10; I. Laboratory fee, 

$3.00. 

This course constitutes an introduction to orthographic and isometric 
projection. Emphasis is placed upon the visualization of an object when 
it is represented by a multi-view drawing, and upon the making of multi- 
view drawings. 

The course carries through auxiliary views, sectional views, dimensioning, 
conventional representation and single stroke letters. 

Ind. Ed. 21. Mechanical Drawing II (2). 10:20-12:10; I. Laboratory 
fee, $3.00 

Mechanical Drawing II provides additional practice in the elements of 
drawing introduced in Mechanical Drawing I. The drawings range from 
detail to assembly. The student has practice in carrying a design through 
from sketch to print. Mechanical Drawing I, or equivalent experience, is 
a prerequisite. 

Ind. Ed. 24. Sheet Metal Work (2). 8:20-10:10; I. Laboratory fee, 
$3.00. 

Articles are made from metal in its sheet form and involve the opera- 
tions of cutting, shaping, soldering, riveting, wiring, folding, seaming, bead- 
ing, burring, etc. The student is required to develop his own patterns 
inclusive of parallel line development, radial line development, and tri- 
angulation. Common sheet metal tools and machines are used in this 
course. 

Ind. Ed. 2. Elementary Woodworking (2). 10:20-12:10; I. Laboratory 
fee, $3.00. 

This is a woodworking course which involves the use of hand tools 
almost exclusively. The course is developed so that the student uses 
practically every common woodworking hand tool in one or more situations. 
There is also included elementary wood finshing, the specifying and storing 
of lumber, and the care and conditioning of tools used. 

Ind. Ed. 22. Machine Woodworking I (2). 10:20-12:10; I. Laboratory 
fee, $3.00. 

Machine Woodworking I offers initial instruction in the proper operation 
of the jointer, band saw, variety saw, jig saw, mortiser, shaper, and lathe. 
The types of jobs which may be performed on each machine and their safe 
operation are of primary concern. The medium of instruction is school 
shop equipment and useful home or farm projects. 

Elementary Woodworking, or equivalent experience, is a prerequisite. 

C. Art Crafts 

Art Crafts I, II and III constitute a sequence of related courses intended 
to assist persons who are preparing to teach art crafts in grade 7 of the 
public schools of Maryland, or teachers who have already undertaken this 
type of work in the schools. The work is appropriate also for persons 
who teach art crafts at any grade level and for those who teach art crafts 
in camps, clubs, adult evening classes and the like. The sequence places 
emphasis upon practical work experience. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 25 

Ind. Ed. S y. Art Crafts I (2). 1:20-3:10; I. Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

The materials used in Art Crafts I are woods, metals, leathers and 
plastics. Each student is provided the opportunity of doing a variety of 
types of work in the four media. 

Art Crafts II will be offered in the summer of 1947 and Art Crafts III 
in the summer of 1948. 

„, PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Women 

Physical Activities (1). 9:20; Field House. (Benton.) 
Open to sophomore, junior, and senior women who have not completed 
the physical education requirement for graduation. 

P. E. 42. Hygiene I (2). 9:20; E-214. (Beauman.) 
A course designed to acquaint women students with individual behavior 
in relation to health. 

P. E. 46. Hygiene III— Advanced Hygiene (2). 8:20; E-214. Prerequi- 
sites, P. E. 42, 44, or equivalent. (Beauman.) 

A consideration of special topics of current interest in personal and com- 
munity health. 

P. E. S 110. Co-recreational Activities (2). 11:20; Field House. (Zenn.) 

Activities for social recreation. Open to men and women. 

P. E. S 122. Individual Sports (2). Daily, 10:20; and M., T., W., Th., 
11:20; Field House. (Benton.) 

Theory and practice in the techniques and teaching of badminton, golf, 
and tennis. Open to women only. 

P. E. S 144. Health Education for Elementary Schools (2). 9:20; 
E-213. (Zenn.) 

Materials and methods in health education for the classroom teacher. 

P. E. S 162, Recreational Games for the Elementary School (2). 10:20; 
E-116; Field House. (Zenn.) 

Materials and methods. Theory and practice in teaching games. 

Men 

P. E. 41 S. Football (2). 10:20; Coliseum. (Woods.) 
A study of coaching methods; fundamental skills, organization; officiat- 
ing; schedule making and training in football. 

P. E. 45 S. Track (2). 1:20; Coliseum. (Kehoe.) 

Fundamental skills of the various track events, including officiating and 
training. 

P. E. 47 S. Basketball (2). 9:20; Coliseum. (Shipley.) 
Study and practice of the fundamental skills; officiating and methods of 
coaching basketball. 

P. E. 51 S. Minor Sports Skills (2). 2:20; Coliseum. (Staff.) 
Fundamental skills, rules, and strategies of volleyball, soccer, Softball, and 
recreational sports. 



26 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

P. E. S 149. Gymnasium Technique (1). M., W., F., 11:20; Coliseum. 
(Staff.) 

A study and practice of the different methods of handling large and small 
groups in gymnasium classes, particularly related to the junior and senior 
high schools. 

ENGLISH 

Eng. 1, 2. Composition and American Literature (3, 3). 

Eng. 1. Eight periods a week; daily, 10:20; M., W., F., 11:20; A-16. 
(Staff.) 

Eng. 2. Eight periods a week; daily, 10:20; M., W., F., 11:20; A-14. 
(Staff.) 

Required of all students. Prerequisite, three units of high school English. 

Eng. 5, 6. Composition and English Literature (3, 3). 
(3, 3). 

Eng. 5. Eight periods a week; daily, 9:20; M., W., F., 8:20; A-210. 
(Staff.) 

Eng. 6. Eight periods a week; daily, 9:20; M., W., F., 8:20; A-130. 
(Staff.) 

Eng. 5 and 6 (or 3 and 4) required of all students. Prerequisites, Eng. 
1, 2. 

Eng. 8 S. College Grammar (2). 11:20; A-130. Prerequisite, Eng. 
1, 2. (Ward.) 

An analytical study of Modern English grammar, with lectures on the 
origin and history of inflectional and derivational forms. 

Eng. 52. Children's Literature (2). 8:20; A-106. Prerequisite, Eng. 
1, 2. (Bryan.) 

A study of the literary values in prose and verse for children. 

Eng. 104 S. Chaucer (2). 11:20; A-110. Prerequisites, Eng. 1, 2, and 
3, 4 or 5, 6. (Cooley.) 

A literary and language study of the Canterbury Tales, Troilus and 
Criseyde, and the principal minor poems. 

Eng. S 114. Shakespeare (2). 9:20; A-106. Prerequisites, Eng. 1, 2, 
and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Zeeveld.) 

Important plays. 

Eng. 129 S. Literature of the Romantic Period (2). 9:20; A-110. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 1, 2, and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Ward.) 

Eng. 134 S. Literature of the Victorian Period (2). 10:20; A-110. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 1, 2, and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Cooley.) 

Eng. 140 S. The English Novel (2). 10:20; A-130. Prerequisites, Eng. 
1, 2, and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Mooney.) 

Eng. 150 S. American Literature to 1900 (2). 8:20; A-110. Prerequi- 
sites, Eng. 1, 2, and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Adams.) 



SUMMER SCHOOL 27 

Eng. 206 S. Seminar in Renaissance Literature (2). Arranged, 
(Zeeveld.) 

Eng. 214 S. Seminar in Nineteenth-Century Literature (2). Arranged. 
(Mooney.) 

ENTOMOLOGY 

Ent. 1. Introductory Entomology (3). Lecture 9:20; laboratory 1:20 
to 4:20, M., W., F.; DW-106. (Haviland.) 

The position of insects in the animal kingdom, their gross structure, 
classification into orders and principal families and the general economic 
status of insects. A collection of common insects is required. Fee, $3.00. 

Ent. 115 S. Field Problems in Entomology (1). First three weeks. 
10:20; M-107. (Cory and Staff.) 

This course is designed especially for teachers of vocational agriculture 
county agents, and other field workers. It deals with the latest develop- 
ments in insect control including predators and parasites. 

Ent. 114 S. Bee Keeping (1). Not offered in 1946. 

Ent. 201. Advanced Entomology. (Credit and prerequisites to be. deter- 
mined by the department.) To be arranged. (Cory and Staff.) 

Studies of minor problems in morphology, taxonomy and applied ento- 
mology, with particular reference to the preparation of the student for 
individual research. 

Ent. 202. Research. (Credit depends upon the amount of work done.) 
To be arranged. (Cory and Staff.) 

Required of graduate students majoring in Entomology. This course in- 
volves research on an approved project. A dissertation suitable for publica- 
tion must be submitted at the conclusion of the studies as a part of the 
requirements for an advanced degree. 

FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURES 
A. Elementary 

Fr. 1. Elementary French (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 8:20; 
M., W., F., 10:20; A-209. 

Elements of grammar; pronounciation and conversation; exercises in com- 
position and translation. First semester of first-year French. 

Fr. 2. Elementary French (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 9:20; 
M., W., F., 11:20; A-209. 

A continuation of work accomplished in Fr. 1. Second semester of first- 
year French. 

Fr. 4. Intermediate Literary French (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
8:20; M., W., F., 10:20; A-17. Prerequisite, Fr. 1, 2, or equivalent. 

Translation; conversation; exercises in pronunciation. Reading of texts 
designed to give some knowledge of French life, thought, and culture. 
First semester of second-year French for students interested in literature 
or in fields related to literature. 



28 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Fr. 5. Intermediate Literary French (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
9:20; M., W., F., 11:20; A-17. 

A continuation of work accomplished in French 4. Second semester of 
second-year French. 

Ger. 1. Elementary German (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 8:20; 
M., W., F., 10:20; A-204. 

Elements of grammar; pronounciation and conversation; exercises in com- 
position and translation. First semester of first-year German. 

Ger. 2. Elementary German (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 9:20; 
M., W., F., 11:20; A-204. 

A continuation of work accomplished in Ger. 1. Second semester of 
first-year German. 

Ger. 4. Intermediate Literary German (3). Eight periods a week, 
daily, 8:20; M., W., F., 10:20; A-203. Prerequisite, Ger. 1, 2, or equivalent. 

Reading of narrative prose, grammar review, and oral and written prac- 
tice. First semester of second-year German. 

Ger. 5. Intermediate Literary German (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
9:20; M., W., F., 11:20; A-203. 

A continuation of work accomplished in Ger. 4. Second semester of 
second-year German. 

Span. 1. Elementary Spanish (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 8:20; 
M., W., F., 10:20; A-228. 

Elements of grammar; pronunciation and conversation; exercises in com- 
position and translation. First semester of first-year Spanish. 

Span. 2. Elementary Spanish (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 9:20; 

M., W., F., 11:20; A-228. 

A continuation of work accomplished in Span. 1. Second semester of 
first-year Spanish. 

Span. 4. Intermediate Spanish (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 8:20; 
M., W., F., 10:20; A-212. Prerequisite, Span. 1, 2, or equivalent. 

Translation; conversation; exercises in pronunciation. Reading of texts 
designed to give some knowledge of Spanish and Latin-American life, 
thought, and culture. First semester of second-year Spanish. 

Span. .5. Intermediate Spanish (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 9:20; 
M., W., F., 11:20; A-212. 

A continuation of work accomplished in Span. 4. Second semester of 
second-year Spanish. 

B. Advanced 

The Foreign Language Department will offer also one advanced course 
each in French, German, and Spanish — whichever will be selected by the 
largest number of students from the following choices. Each class will 
meet daily at 10:20 and will carry two semester hours of credit. 

Fr. 107. French Literature of the Eighteenth Century. T-219. 

Fr. 123. Advanced Composition. T-219. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 29 

Fr. 163. French Life and Culture. T-219. 

Ger. 107. German Literature of the Eighteenth Century. E-110. 

Ger. 110. German Literature of the Nineteenth Century. E-110. 

Ger. 113. Contemporary German Literature. E-110. 

Span. 111. The Novel in the Nineteenth Century. A-302. 

Span. 151. Latin-American Literature. A-302. 

Span. 165. Advanced Composition. A-302. 

C. Comparative Literature. 

Comp. Lit. 107. The Faust Legend in English and German Literature 
(2). 9:20; A-231. 

A study of the Faust Legend of the Middle Ages and its later treatment 
by Marlow in Dr. Faustus and by Goethe in Faust. 

HISTORY 

H. 2 S. History of Modern Europe, 1789-1870 (2). 8:20; A-16. (Silver.) 

A general course covering the French Revolution, the rise of Napoleon, 
and the impact of the democratic ideas of the Revolution upon Europe. 

H. 102 S. The American Revolution (2). 9:20; A-1. Prerequisites, H. 5, 
6 or equivalent. (Chatelain.) 

The background and course of the American Revolution through the for- 
mation of the Constitution. 

H. 107 S. Social and Economic History of the United States, 1860-1890 
(2). 10:20; A-1. Prerequisites, H. 5, 6 or equivalent. (Chatelain.) 

The development of American life and institutions, with emphasis upon 
the period since 1876. 

H. 129 S. The United States and World Affairs (2). 11:20; A-12. Pre- 
requisites, H. 5, 6 or equivalent. (Gewehr.) 

A consideration of the changed position of the United States with refer- 
ence to the rest of the world since 1917. 

H. 165 S. Revolutionary and Napoleonic Europe (2). 9:20; A-21. Pre- 
requisites, H. 1, 2 or equivalent. (Silver.) 

A survey of the developments in France during the Revolutionary period 
and the relations of France with the rest of Europe. 

H. 195 S. The Far East (2). 10:20; A-210. (Gewehr.) 

A sur\'ey of institutional, cultural, and political aspects of the history of 

China and Japan, and consideration of present-day problems of the Pacific 

area. 

H. 201. Seminar in American History (2). Arranged. (Gewehr.) 

H. 250. Seminar in European History (2). Arranged. (Silver.) 

H. 287. Historians and Historical Criticism (2). Arranged. (Chatelain.) 



30 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

HOME ECONOMICS 

Clo. 22. Clothing Construction (2). 8:20-10:10; H-132. Laboratory fee, 
$3.00. (Akin.) 

For students who desire additional experience in garment construction. 

Clo. 123. Children's Clothing (2). 10:20-12:10; H-132. Laboratory fee, 
$3.00. (McFarland.) 

For elementary, nursery school, and home economics teachers; and for 
parents. Selection of children's clothing for suitable design, fabric, and 
construction in order to promote the good health and personal development 
of the child. Consideration also is given to ease of care, the durability 
and economy of clothing for children. 

Clo. 124. Projects and Readings in Textiles and Clothing (2). 11:20; 
H-132. Laboratory fee, $3.00. (Akin.) 

Students will have an opportunity to select and develop projects suited 
to their needs; to organize and present a clothing demonstration; to survey 
and discuss current textile and clothing literature. 

Tex. 106. Recent Development in Textiles (2). 1:20; H-9. Laboratory 
fee, $3.00. (Akin.) 

Review of basic textile materials; identification and use of the new fibers 
and fabrics; a forecast for fabrics. 

Pr. Art 1 S. Design (2). 11:20; H-105. Laboratory fee, $2.00. 

Art expression through the use of materials, such as opaque water color, 
wet clay, colored chalk, and lithograph crayon, which are conducive to free 
techniques. Elementary lettering, action figures, abstract design and gen- 
eral composition study. Consideration of art as applied to daily living. 
For beginners in art and teachers of beginners. 

Cr. 2. Simple Crafts (2). 1:20-3:10; H-9. Laboratory fee, $2.00. 

Creative art expressed in clay, plaster of Paris, wood, thin metal, papier 
mache, and paint and dye A\ath silk screen process. Emphasis is laid upon 
inexpensive materials and tools and simple techniques, which can be pur- 
sued in the home. Excellent for teachers and directors of recreation 
centers. 

Inst. Mgt. 165 S. The School Lunch (2). 11:20; H-222, 223. Labora- 
tory fee, $3.50. (Crow.) Prerequisite, consent of the instructor. 

The educational and nutritional aspect of the school lunch ; its administra- 
tion, equipment, financing and accounting as well as the planning, prepar- 
ing, and ser\ung of school lunch menus. Of special interest at this time 
due to the National School Lunch Program. 

Home Mgt. 155 S. Housing (2). 8:20; H-5 or H-19. (H. E. staff and 
specialists in housing from the government, from business and industry.) 

The social aspects of housing; our national housing program; housing 
legislation; the house of the present and of the future; trips to nearby 
housing projects. It may be possible to develop a housing work shop during 
the summer session. If so, information will be available by May 1. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 31 

Foods 105. Foods of Other Countries (2). 8:20-10:10; H-222, 22.3. Pre- 
requisite, consent of the instructor. Laboratory fee, $6.00. (Taylor and 
representatives of countries to be studied.) 

This is a new course planned to give a better understanding of the food 
customs and food preparation by the people of other countries. 

Nut. 111. Child Nutrition (2). 1:20-3:10; H-5. Prerequisites, Nut. 10 
or 110; Foods 1 or 3. Laboratory fee, $4.00. (Taylor.) 

Principles of human nutrition applied to the growth and development 
of children. Observation and experience in nearby child care centers, 
health clinics, adult groups, and social agencies. 

or 

Nut. 114. Refresher Course in Nutrition (2). 1:20; H-5. (Taylor.) 

This course is offered primarily for those who have had basic work in 
nutrition and wish to bring their knowledge up to date. 

Nut. 212 S. Nutrition for Community Service (2). 10:20; H-222. 
(Lapp.) 

Applications of the principles of nutrition to various community problems. 
Students may work on problems of their own choosing. 

Foods and Nut. 220. Seminar (1). Arranged (3 periods a week); 
H-225. (Lapp.) 

Foods and Nut. 221. Research. Arranged; H-225. (Lapp.) 

Investigation in some phase of foods or nutrition which may form the 
basis of a thesis. 

HORTICULTURE 

Hort. 115 S. Truck Crop Management (1). First three weeks. To be 
arranged. 

Primarily designed for vocational agricultural teachers and county agents. 
Special emphasis will be placed upon new and improved commercial methods 
of production of the leading truck crops. Current problems and their solu- 
tion will receive special attention. 

Hort. 123 S. Ornamental Horticulture (1). Not given in 1946. 

Hort. 124 S. Tree and Small Fruit Management (1). First three weeks. 
To be arranged. (Haut and Schrader.) 

Primarily designed for vocational agricultural teachers and county 
agents. Special emphasis will be placed upon new and improved com- 
mercial methods of production of the leading tree and small fruit crops. 
Current problems and their solution will receive special attention. 

LIBRARY SCIENCE 
L. S. 101. School Library Administration (2). 11:20; L-109. (Hobson.) 
The organization and maintenance of effective library service in the 
modem school. Planning and equipping librarj^ quarters, purpose of the 
library in the school, standards, instruction in the use of books and libraries, 
training student assistants, acquisition of materials, repair of books, pub- 
licity, exhibits, and other practical problems. 



32 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

MATHEMATICS 

Math. 1. Introductory Algebra (0). Eight lectures a week; daily, 8:20; 
and M., W., F., 9:20; E-304. Prerequisite, one unit of algebra. Open to 
students of Engineering, and required of students who fail the qualifying 
examination in Math. 15. (Good.) 

A review of the topics covered in a second course in algebra. 

Math. 6. Mathematics of Finance (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
1:20; and M., W., F., 2:20; E-116. Prerequisite, Math. 5 or equivalent. 
Open to students in the College of Business and Public Administration and 
the College of Agriculture. 

Simple and compound interest, discount, amortization, sinking funds, 
valuation of bonds, depreciation, annuities, and insurance. 

Math. 10. Algebra (3). Eight lectures a week; daily, 10:20; and M., 
W., F., 11:20; E-307. Prerequisite, one unit of algebra. Open to biological, 
pre-medical, pre-dental, and general arts and sciences students. 

Fundamental operations, factoring, fractions, linear equations, exponents 
and radicals, logarithms, quadratic equations, variation, binomial theorem, 
theory of equations. 

Math. 11. Trigonometry and Analytic Geometry (3). Eight lectures a 
week; daily, 10:20; and M., W., F., 11:20; E-304. Prerequisite, Math. 10 
or equivalent. Open to biological, pre-medical, pre-dental, and general 
arts and sciences students. This course is not recommended for students 
planning to enroll in Math. 20. (Vanderslice.) 

Trigonometric functions, identities, the radian and mil, graphs, addition 
formulas, solution of triangles, coordinates, locus problems, the straight 
line and circle, conic sections, graphs. 

Math. 14. Plane Trigonometry (2). 10:20; E-305. Prerequisite, college 
algebra or concurrent registration in Math. 15. Open to students in engi- 
neering, education, and the physical sciences. 

Trigonometric functions, identities, the radian and mil, graphs, addition 
formulas, solution of triangles, Demoivre's theorem. 

Math. 15. College Algebra (3). Eight lectures a week; daily, 8:20; 
and M., W., F., 9:20; E-212. Prerequisite, high school algebra completed. 
Open to students in engineering, education, and the physical sciences. 
(Jackson.) 

Fundamental operations, variation, functions and graphs, quadratic equa- 
tions, theory of equations, binomial theorem, complex numbers, logarithms, 
determinants. 

Math. 17. Analytic Geometry (4). Eight lectures and four laboratory 
periods a week; Monday through Friday, 8:20; Monday through Saturday, 
9:20; and Saturday, 10:20; E-306. Prerequisites, Math. 14 and 15 or 
equivalent. Open to students in engineering, education, and the physical 
sciences. (Hall.) 

Coordinates, locus problems, the straight line and circle, graphs, trans- 
formation of coordinates, conic sections, parametric equations, transcen- 
dental equations, solid analytical geometry. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 33 

Math. 21. Second Semester Calculus (4). Eight lectures and four lab- 
oratory periods a week; Monday through Saturday, 8:20 and 9:20; E-307. 
Prerequisite, Math. 20 or equivalent. (Ringenberg.) 

Limits, derivatives, differentials, maxima and minima, curve sketching, 
rates, curvature, kinematics, integration, geometric and physical applica- 
tions of integration, partial derivatives, space geometry, multiple integrals, 
infinite series, differential equations. 

Math. 100 S. Higher Algebra (2). 11:20; E-306. Prerequisite, two 
years of college mathematics. (Good.) 

Selected topics in algebra will be taken up from a point of view designed 
to strengthen and deepen the grasp of the subject. 

Math. 128 S. Higher Geometry (2). 10:20; E-306. Prerequisite, two 
years of college mathematics. (Jackson.) 

This course is designed for the teacher of plane geometry in high school. 
It is the first of a sequence of two courses and will be devoted to the modem 
geometry of the triangle and circle. The second course, to be offered next 
summer, will take up the axiomatic development of Euclidean and non- 
Euclidean geometry. 

Math. 139 S. Operational Calculus (2). 9:20; E-116. Prerequisites, 
calculus and college physics. (Vanderslice.) 

Ordinary and partial differential equations arising in problems in engi- 
neering and physics, operational solutions, Fourier and Laplace transforms. 

MUSIC 
Mus. 1 S. Music Appreciation (2). 9:20; B. (Randall.) 
This course is designed for the general student. It will acquaint the 
student with musical terms and expressions and give him a knowledge of 
the best in music literature from the time of Haydn to the present. The 
teacher should be helped by this course in the conducting of classroom 
music. 

Mus. 6. Orchestra (1). 1:20; B. (Yeager.) 

All students who play musical instruments are cordially in\ated to par- 
ticipate. If possible, bring your o^^'n instrument. An orchestral concert 
will be given before the close of the Summer Session. 

Mus. S 20. Choral Technique (2). 8:20; B. (Randall.) 
For those who sing in choirs or other choral groups. Also, for those 
who may have the responsibility of directing choral groups or community 
singing. The high school music director should be helped by this course. 

Mus. S 21. Elementary School Music Methods (2). 11:20; B. (Yeager.) 
This course is designed to provide a preparation for teaching music in 
the three lower elementarj' grades. It deals with the principles, proced- 
ures, objectives, and materials in elementary school music. Students are 
requested to bring the books they use in their classrooms. 

Mus. S 22. Elementary School Music Methods (2). 10:20; B. (Yeager.) 

A continuation of Mus. S 21, designed for the three upper elementary 

grades. Students should bring the books they use in their classrooms. 



34 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

PHYSICS 

Phys. 11. Fundamentals of Physics: Sound, Optics, Magnetism, and Elec- 
tricity (4). Four lectures, three and one-half recitations, and two and one- 
half three-hour laboratory periods weekly. Prerequisites, Phys. 10 or 20. 
Laboratory fee, $5.00. (Gautier and Martino.) 
The second half of a course in general physics: 

Daily— 8:20; E-131. 

M., W.— 10:20; E-131. 

F.— 10:20, in 1st, 3rd, and 5th weeks; E-131. 

M., W.— 1:20, 2:20, 3:20; A-300. 

F.— 1:20, 2:20, 3:20 in 1st, 3rd, and 5th weeks; A-300. 

Phys. 21. General Physics: Sound, Optics, Magnetism, and Electricity 

(5). Five lectures, five recitations, and two and one-half three-hour lab- 
oratory periods weekly. Prerequisites, Phys. 20 and Math 21. Laboratory 
fee, $5.00. (Morgan and Rosenblatt.) 

The second half of a course in general physics. Required of all students 
in the engineering curricula. 

Daily— 9:20 and 11:20; E-131. 

T., Th.— 1:20, 2:20, 3:20; A-300. 

F.— 1:20, 2:20, 3:20 in 2nd, 4th, and 6th weeks; A-300. 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

PoL Sci. 10. Comparative Government (2). 9:20; A-207. (Steinmeyer.) 
A study of the governments of China and Japan. 

Pol. Sci. 154. Problems in World Politics (3). Eight periods a week; 
daily, 10:20; and M., W., F., 11:20; A-207. (Steinmeyer.) 

This course is devoted to a study of current international issues. The 
United Nations Organization, the role of the great powers in post-war 
organization, etc., will be especially emphasized. 

POULTRY 

P. H. Ill S. Poultry Breeding and Feeding (1). Not given in 1946. 

P. H. 112 S. Poultry Products and Marketing (1). First three weeks. 
To be arranged. (Quigley and Gwin.) 

This course is designed primarily for teachers of vocational agriculture 
and county agents. It deals with the factors affecting the quality of 
poultry production and with hatchery management problems, egg and poul- 
try grading, preservation problems, and market outlets for Maryland 
poultry. 

PSYCHOLOGY 

Psychological Testing and Counseling Bureau. The staff of the Depart- 
ment of Psychology maintains a bureau of vocational and educational 
guidance on the basis of adequately standardized psychological tests and 
personal counseling. The services of the bureau are available without 
charge to students. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 35 

Note on prerequisites in Psychology: Except for Psychology 1 — Intro- 
ductory Psychology, and Psychology 10 — Educational Psychology, all 
courses in psychology have the following prerequisites: (1) an introduc- 
tory course in psychology, and (2) permission of the instructor. 

Psych. 1 S. Introduction to Psychology (2). 9:20; A-14. (Hackman.) 

A general introduction to typical problems upon which psychologists are 
at work. Review of experimental investigations of the more fundamental 
phases of human behavior. 

Psych. 2 S. Applied Psychology I (2). 9:20; A-16. (Sanford). 

A general introduction to psychological research in the field of medicine, 
law, criminology, education, public opinion, and propaganda. 

Psych. 3 S. Applied Psychology II (2). 10:20; A-306. (Kelly.) 

Application of research to practical psychological problems in business 
and industry, including industrial selection, methods of production, adver- 
tising, selling, and market research. 

Psych. 10. Educational Psychology (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
8:20; M., W., F., 9:20; A-18. (Smith.) 

Experimental studies of basic psychological problems encountered in edu- 
cation; measurement and significance of individual differences, learning, 
motivation, and transfer of training. 

Psych. 110 S. Advanced Educational Psychology (2). 11:20; A-133. 
(Smith.) 

An advanced course for teachers and prospective teachers. Systematic 
approach to advanced problems in educational psychology based upon ex- 
perimental contributions. 

Psych: 121 S. Social Psychology (2). 8:20; A-133. (Sanford.) 

Psychological study of human behavior in social situations; experimental 
studies of the influence of other persons, of social conflicts and individual 
adjustment, of the psychology of social institutions and of current social 
movements. 

Psych. 125 S. Child Psychology (2). 9:20; A-133. (Kelly.) 

Anaylsis of child behavior; motor, intellectual, and emotional develop- 
ment, social behavior, parent-child relationships; and problems of the grow- 
ing personality. 

Psych. 130 S. Mental Hygiene (2). Lecture, M., T., Th., F., 11:20; 
A-18; clinic, W., 2:20-4:40. (Sprowls.) 

The more common deviations of personality; tjT)ical methods of ad- 
justment. 

Psych. 131 S. Abnormal Psychology (2). Lecture, M., T., Th., F., 10:20; 
A-18; clinic, W., 2:20-4:40. (Sprowls.) 

The nature, occurrence, and causes of psychological abnormality with 
emphasis on the clinical rather than theoretical aspects. 



36 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Psych. 150 S. Psychological Tests and Measurements (2). 10:20; A-133. 
Laboratory fee, $4.00. (Hackman.) 

Critical survey of psychological tests used in vocational orientation and 
in industry with emphasis on methods by which such tests are validated; 
practice in the use of tests and the interpretation of test data. 

Psych. 216 S. Seminar in Clinical Psychology for Teachers (2). Ar- 
ranged. (Sprowls.) 

A systematic consideration of clinical procedure in treating pupil and 
student problems. 

Psych. 250. Participation in Testing Clinic (2-4). Arranged. (Smith.) 
Actual practice in the administration of tests of aptitude, interest, and 
achievement, and interpretation of test data in the course of routine opera- 
tion of the testing and counseling bureau. 

Psych. 299. Research in Psychotechnology (3-6). Arranged. (Credit 
apportioned to work accomplished.) (Staff.) 

SOCIOLOGY 
Soc. 1 S. Sociology of American Life (2). 11:20; A-210. (Ebersole.) 

An analysis of contemporary American society. Institutions, groups, 
social processes and personality structures will be discussed within the 
framework of the American rural community, the American small town 
and the American metropolitan area. 

Soc. 2 S. Principles* of Sociology (2). 10:20; A-231. (Gregory.) 

An analysis of society in terms of the basic concepts and principles 

of sociology; social interaction; social organization; culture and social 

change. 

Soc. 5 S. Introduction to Anthropology (2). 10:20; A-243. (Hutch- 
inson.) 

The emergence of man and the development of culture with emphasis 
upon the vise of such culture patterns as language, the family, religion, 
the state, music, and art. 

Soc. 72 S. Criminology (2). 9:20; W-106. (Lejins.) 

The concept of criminal behavior. Statistical and case study approaches 
to the phenomena of crime. Etiology of crime: a survey of theories 
attempting a causative explanation of criminal behavior. Typologies of 
criminal acts and offenders. Punishment, correction and protection. Pre- 
vention of crime. 

Soc. 81 S. Introduction to Social Work (2). 8:20; A-207. (Hutchinson.) 

A general introduction to social work and the administration of public 
and private agencies. 

Soc. 103 S. Rural Sociology (2). 8:20; A-12. (Ebersole.) 

The structure and functions of rural communities, composition and char- 
acteristics of the rural population; rural planning. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 37 

Soc. 101 S. Urban Sociology (2). 9:20; A-306. (Ebersole.) 

The origin and growth of cities; composition and characteristics of city 

population; the social ecology of the city; the planning and control of urban 

development. 

Soc. 107 S. Ethnic Minority Groups (2). 11:20; A-231. (Lejins.) 
Basic processes in the relations of ethnic groups. Immigrant groups and 
the Negro in the United States. Ethnic minorities in Europe and the prob- 
lems they present. A discussion of proposals for the solution of these 
problems in the lights of past experiences and desiderata for the future. 

Soc. 123 S. Public Welfare Services (2). 1:20; A-231. (Hutchinson.) 
A comprehensive study of the social services maintained by federal, state, 
and local governments in the United States. 

Soc. 223 S. Juvenile Delinquency. Arranged. (Lejins.) 
Theories of juvenile delinquency. Methods of treatment of juvenile 
delinquency with particular reference to the United States. An intensive 
study will be undertaken of one or more selected problems in the field. 

ZOOLOGY 

Zool. 1. General Zoology (4). Five lectures and five two-hour labora- 
tory periods a week. Lecture, 8:20; M-107; laboratory, 10:20-12:10; M-202. 
Laboratory fee, $6.00. (Burhoe.) 

This course, which is cultural and practical in its aim, deals wdth the 
basic principles of animal life. Typical invertebrates and a mammalian 
form are studied. 

Zool. 5. Comparative Vertebrate Morphology (4). Five lectures and 
five three-hour laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 8:20; M-302; laboratory, 
1:20-4:10; M-302. Prerequisite, one course in zoology. Laboratory fee, 
$6.00. (Littleford.) 

A comparative study of selected organ systems in certain vertebrate 
groups. 

Zool. 16 S. Human Physiology (3). Five lectures and three demon- 
stration periods a week. Lecture, 9:20; M-107; demonstration, 1:20, M., 
\V., F.; M-105. (Phillips.) 

Zool. 101. Mammalian Anatomy (3). Permission of the instructor must 
be obtained before registration. Time of meeting to be arranged; M-105. 
Laboratory fee, 86.00. (Tressier.) 

A course in the dissection of the cat or other mammal. By special per- 
mission of the instructor, a vertebrate other than the cat may be used 
for study. 




DW — Dean of Women's 

W — Women's Field House 

Z— Sylvester Hall 

A — Arts and Sciences 

B — Music 

C— Calvert Hall 



Building Identification 

D — Dairy 
E — Engineering 
F — Horticulture 
Building 
P— Poultry 
T — Agriculture 



G — Gymnasium-Armory 
H — Home Economics 
K — Chemistry 
L — Library 
M— Morrill Hall 
N — Education