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Full text of "The Summer School"

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION 

OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

: 



SUMMER SCHOOL 

DUMBER 

JUNE 23 TO AUGUST 1 



May, 1947 

Vol. 44 No. 1 



College Park, Maryland 



OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE 
UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 
SUMMER SCHOOL NUMBER 

SUMMER SCHOOL, 1947 

CALENDAR 

June 20, 21, Friday-Saturday — Registration, new graduate students only. 

June 23, Monday — Registration — all undergraduate students and matricu- 
lated graduate students. 

June 28, Saturday — Classes as usual. 

July 4, Friday — Holiday. 

July 8-10 — P.T.A. Summer Conference. 

July 12, Saturday — Classes as usual. 

August 1, Friday — Close of Summer School. 



BOARD OF REGENTS 

Term Expires 

William P. Cole, Jr., Chairman 1949 

100 W. University Parkway, Baltimore, Md. 

Thomas R. Brookes, Vice-Chairman 1952 

Bel Air, Maryland 

Stanford Z. Rothschild, Secretary 1952 

109 E. Redwood Street, Baltimore, Md. 

J. Milton Patterson, Treasurer 1953 

120 W. Redwood Street, Baltimore, Md. 

E. Paul Knotts 1954 

Denton, Maryland 

Glenn L. Martin 1951 

Middle River, Baltimore, Md. 

Harry H. Nuttle 1950 

Denton, Maryland 

Philip C. Turner 1950 

2 E. North Avenue, Baltimore, Md. 

Mrs. John L. Whitehurst .1947 

4101 Greenway, Baltimore, Md. 

Charles P. McCormick 1948 

McCormick & Co., Inc., Baltimore, Md. 

Senator Millard E. Tydings 1951 

Senate Office Building, Washington, D. C. 

VOL. 44 MAY, 1947 No. 1 

Official Publication of the University of Maryland, issued once in May, semi-monthly during 

June, July and August, and bi-monthly for the rest of the year and entered at the Post 

Office, College Park, Maryland, as Second-class matter under Act of 

Congress of August 24, 1912. 



ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICERS 

H. C. Byrd _ _ President 

H. F. Cotterman Dean of Faculty 

Harold Benjamin _ Dean, College of Education; 

Director, Summer Session 

A LMA Frothingh AM Secretary 

C. O. Appleman Dean, Graduate School 

Marie Mount Dean, College of Home Economics 

J. Freeman Pyle _ Dean, College of Business and Public 

Administration; Acting Dean, College of Arts and Sciences 

S. S. Steinberg _ Dean, College of Engineering 

T. B. Symons Dean, College of Agriculture 

Col. Harland C. Griswold, U. S. A.._ ..Acting Dean, College of Military 

Science, Physical Education and Recreation 

Adele Stamp Dean of Women 

Geary Eppley Dean of Men 

Edgar F. Long Director of Admissions 

Alma H. Preinkert Registrar 

C. L. Benton Comptroller 

Howard Rovelstad Acting Director, Library 

Frank Haszard . Director of Procurement 



ON PAGES 20 AND 21 
SEE MAP OF CAMPUS 



UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 



CONTENTS 

Page 
Page 

Administrative Officers _ 1 

Members of Summer School Faculty 4 

General Information 7 

Terms of Admission 7 

Academic Credit 7 

Normal and Maximum Loads 7 

Registration 8 

Tuition and Fees __ 8 

Cancellation of Courses 9 

Living Accommodations and Meals. 9 

Refunds 10 

Student Health 10 

Parking Regulations __ 10 

Social and Recreational Activities 10 

Summer Graduate Work 10 

Candidates for Degrees ..... 11 

Library Facilities __ ... 11 

University Bookstore... 11 

Special Meetings _ 12 

Parent-Teacher Association Summer Conference 12 

Course Offerings and Descriptions 13 

Agricultural Economics and Farm Management 13 

Agricultural Education and Rural Life .... 13 

Agronomy 14 

Art .... 14 

Bacteriology 14 

Botany 15 

Business and Public Administration 15 



SUMMER SCHOOL 3 

Chemistry 18 

Dairy Husbandry 18 

Economics 15 

Education 19 

Home Economics Education li") 

Industrial Education 25 

Physical Education _ 27 

Science Education 28 

English _ 29 

Entomology _„. 30 

Foreign Languages and Literatures .._ . 31 

Government and Politics _ ... 31 

History .._ 32 

Home Economics 33 

Horticulture 34 

Li brary Sc ience ._ 34 

Mathematics _ 35 

Music 36 

Philosophy 37 

Physics 37 

Poultry 37 

Psychology 38 

Sociology - - 39 

Zoology 40 

Map of Campus 20 



UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 



MEMBERS OF SUMMER SCHOOL FACULTY 

Francis R. Adams, Jr., B.A., Graduate Assistant, Department of English 
Arthur M. Ahalt, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Education 
Emily W. Akin, M.S., Instructor in Textiles and Clothing 
Charles O. Appleman, Ph.D., Dean of the Graduate School; Professor of 

Botany 
F. Harry Baker, Ed.D., Administrative Principal, Langley Junior High 

School, Washington, D. C. 
Oliver E. Baker, Ph.D., Professor of Economic Geography 
Ronald M. Bamford, Ph.D., Professor of Botany 
Richard H. Bauer, Ph.D., Associate Professor of History 
Otho T. Beall, Jr., A.M., Instructor in English 

Harold Benjamin. Ph.D., Dean, College of Education; Director of the Sum- 
mer Session 
Rachel Benton, Ph.D., Professor of Physical Education 
Jean M. Boyer, B.S., Assistant in Mathematics 

Louise A. Bradley, A.M., Graduate Assistant, Department of English 
Frederick Brantley, A.M., Instructor in English 
Henry Brechbill, Ph.D., Professor of Education; Assistant Dean, College of 

Education 
George M. Briggs, Ph.D., Professor of Poultry Husbandry 
Edwin W. Broome, Ed.D., Superintendent of Schools, Montgomery County, 

Maryland 
Glen D. Brown, A.M., Professor and Head of the Department of Industrial 

Education 
Russell G. Brown, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Plant Psysiology 
Marie D. Bryan, A.M., Assistant Professor in English and Education 
Sumner O. Burhoe, Ph.D., Professor of Zoology 
Louis R. Burnett, M.D., Professor of Physical Education 
Gordon M. Cairns, Ph.D., Professor of Dairy Husbandry 
Charles E. Calhoun, M.B.A., Professor of Finance 
Verne E. Chatelain, Ph.D., Professor of History 
C. Wilbur Cissel, A.M., C.P.A., Associate Professor of Accounting 
Eli W. Clemens, Ph.D., Professor of Economics 
Ernest M. Cory, Ph.D., Professor of Entomology 
Carroll E. Cox, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Plant Pathology 
F. Harford Cronin, B.S., Assistant Professor of Psysical Education 
June H. Crow, M.S., Instructor in Institutional Management 
Henry P. Dantzig, B.S., Instructor in Mathematics 

Lillian B. Davis, Ph.D., Supervisor of Health, Public Schools, Baltimore 
Samuel H. DeVault, Ph.D., Professor of Agricultural Economics and Farm 

Management 
Charles S. Dewey, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
Dudley Dillard, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Economics 
Stanley J. Drazek, B.S., Graduate Fellow in Education 
Luke E. Ebersole, A.M., Instructor in Sociology 
Warren R. Evans, B.S., Assistant Professor of Physical Education 
John E. Faber, Ph.D, Professor of Bacteriology 
William E. Falls, Ph.D., Professor of Foreign Languages 



SUMMER SCHOOL 5 

Abraham Feldman, A.M., Instructor in English 

David A. Field, B.S., Instructor in Physical Education 

Mary W. Fleming, A.M.. Instructor in English 

Guy W. Gienger. M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Engineering 

George M. Gloss, Ed.D., Professor of Physical Education 

Richard A. Good, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

Donald C. Gordon, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of History 

It a A. Gould, Ph.D., Professor of Dairy Manufacturing 

Romain G. Green, A.M., Instructor in English 

Allan G. Gruchy, Ph.D., Professor of Economics 

Ray C. Hackman, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology 

Dick W. Hall, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

Arthur B. Hamilton, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics 

Ludwig Hammerschlag, Ph.D., Instructor in Foreign Languages 

Susan E. Harman, Ph.D., Professor of English 

Irvin C. Haut, Ph.D., Professor of Pomology 

Jane B. Hobson, B.A., B.S.L.S., Head, Loan Department, University Library 

Raymond Hoekstra, Ph.D., Professor of Philosophy, Wayne University 

R. Lee Hornbake, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Industrial Education 

Raymond Huck, M.S., Instructor in Mathematics 

Charles E. Hutchinson, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Sociology 

Thomas P. Imse, A.M., Instructor in Sociology 

Stanley B. Jackson, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Mathematics 

Walter F. Jeffers, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Plant Pathology 

Morley L. Jull, Ph.D., Professor of Poultry Husbandry 

George J. Kabat, A.M., Chief, European Section, International Educational 

Relations, United States Office of Education 
Charles F. Kramer, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Foreign Languages 
Norman C. Laffer, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Bacteriology 
Peter P. Lejins, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Sociology 
Robert A. Littleford, Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Zoology 
Leon R. Luckenbach, A.M., Instructor in Mathematics 
Donald Maley, B.S., Instructor in Industrial Education 

William J. McLarney, A.M., Associate Professor of Industrial Management 
Edna B. McNaughton, A.M., Professor of Nursery School Education 
Mary E. Meade. A.M., Instructor in Mathematics 
Horace S. Merrill, Ph.D., Associate Professor of History 
Edna Meshke, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Home Economics Education 
Evelyn Miller, M.S.. Head, Department of Home Economics, Fort Hill High 

School, Cumberland, Maryland 
Frances H. Miller, A.M., Instructor in English 

James I. Mills, A.M., Assistant Professor of Business Administration 
Emory A. Mooney, Ph.D., Associate Professor of English 
Earl W. Mounce, A.M., LL.M., Associate Professor of Law and Labor 
M. Marie Mount, A.M., Professor of Home and Institution Management 
Charles D. Murphy, Ph.D., Associate Professor of English 
Ralph D. Myers, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Physics 
Clarence A. Newell, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Educational Administra- 
tion. 
Russell B. Nye, Ph.D., Professor. Department of English, Michigan State 
College 



G UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Garrett Nyweide, A.M., Director, Vocational Education and Extension 

Board of Rockland County, New York 
Frank L. Owsley. Ph.D., Professor, Department of History, Vanderbilt Uni- 

\ ersity 
Arthur S. Patrick, A.M., Assistant Professor of Secretarial Training 
Michael J. Pelczar, Jr., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Bacteriology 
Hugh B. Pickard, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemistry 
Ernest F. Pratt, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry 
Clifford R. Rader, A.M., Assistant Professor in Government and Politics 
B. Harlan Randall, B.Mus., Professor of Music 
Charles J. Ratzlaff, Ph.D., Professor of International Economics 
John H. Reaves, B.S., Graduate Assistant in Physics 
E. Wilkins Reeve, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry. 
James H. Reid, A.M., Associate Professor of Economics 
Lawrence A. Ringenberg, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
Willis C. Schaefer, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology 
Herbert Schaumann, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of English 
Alvin W. Schindler, Ph.D., Professor of Education 
Albert L. Schrader, Ph.D., Professor of Pomology 
Maurice R. Siegler, B.S., Associate Professor of Art 
Denzel D. Smith, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology 
Jesse W. Sprowls, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology 
Reuben G. Steinmeyer, Ph.D., Professor of Political Science 
Calvin F. Stuntz, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Chemisery 
Esther T. Taylor, M.S., Assistant Professor of Foods and Nntrition 
Royle P. Thomas, Ph.D., Professor of Soils 

Theron A. Tompkins, A.M., Assistant Professor of Physical Education 
Emil S. Troelston, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics 
John L. Vanderslice, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics 
W. Paul Walker, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics 
Verna Z. Waters, A.M., Instructor in English 

Ruth K. Webb, A.M., Assistant Professor, Wilson Teachers College, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 
Sivert M. Wedeberg. A.M., C.P.A., Professor of Accounting 
Fred W. Wellborn, Ph.D., Professor of History 
Henry J. Werner, M.S., Instructor in Zoology 

Joe Young West, Ph.D., Professor of Science, State Teachers College, Tow- 
son, Maryland 
Gladys A. Wiggin, A.M., Instructor in Education 

Raymond C. Wiley, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Analytical Chemistry 
Charles W. Willis, A.M., Superintendent of Schools, Harford County, Mary- 
land 
Mark W. Woods, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Plant Pathology 
Howard W. Wright, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Business Administration 
Howard Wright, A.M., Instructor in Physics 



SUMMER SCHOOL 



GENERAL INFORMATION 

The 1947 Summer* School of the University of Maryland will open with 
registration on Monday, June 2:5, and extend for six weeks, ending Friday, 
August 1. 

In order that there may be 30 class periods for each full course, classes 
will be held on Saturday, June 28, and July 12, to make up for time lost 
on registration. All divisions of the University at College Park, except 
the College of Engineering, will participate in the Summer School. All 
courses in the Summer School will extend for six weeks. 

TERMS OF ADMISSION 

Teachers and special students not seeking degrees are admitted to the 
courses of the Summer Session for which they are qualified. 

The admission requirements for those who desire to become candidates 
for degrees are the same as for other sessions of the University. Before 
registering, a candidate for a degree will be required to be admitted to 
the University. He should see Dr. E. F. Long, Director of Admissions, 
and also should consult the Dean of the College in which he seeks a degree. 

Graduates of accredited normal schools with satisfactory normal school 
records may be admitted to advanced standing in the College of Educa- 
tion. The objectives of the individual student determine the exact amount 
of credit allowed. The student is given individual counsel as to the best 
procedure for fulfilling the requirements for a degree. 

ACADEMIC CREDIT 

The semester hour is the unit of credit. A semester credit hour repre- 
sents one lecture or recitation a week for a semester, which is approxi- 
mately seventeen weeks in length. Two or three hours of laboratory or 
field work are counted as equivalent to one lecture or recitation. During 
the Summer Session a course meeting five times a week for six weeks 
requiring the standard amount of outside work is given a weight of two 
semester hours. 

Students who are matriculated as candidates for degrees will be given 
credit towards the appropiate degree for satisfactory completion of 
courses. All courses offered in the Summer Session are creditable to- 
wards the appropriate degree. 

Teachers and other students not seeking degrees will receive official 
reports specifying the amount and quality of work completed. These 
reports will be accepted by the Maryland State Department of Education 
and by the appropriate education authorites in other states for the exten- 
sion and renewal of certificates in accordance with their laws and regu- 
lations. 

NORMAL AND MAXIMUM LOADS 

Six semester hours is the normal load for the Summer Session. Under- 
graduate students in the College of Education and teachers in service 
may take a maximum of eight semester hours if they have above-average 
grades. Extra tuition is charged for loads over six semester hours. For 
details, see "Tuition and Fees." 



8 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

REGISTRATION 

Registration for the Summer School will take place on Monday, June 23, 
from 9 a. m. to 4:30 p. m. for all students except new graduate students. 
Graduate students who are not matriculated should register on Friday and 
on Saturday morning, June 20 and 21, and should report to the office of the 
Graduate Dean, Dr. C. O. Appleman, 214 Agriculture Building. 

Teachers and other Summer Session students, except regular under- 
graduates who are candidates for degrees in other colleges than the College 
of Education, will register in the office of the Director of the Summer 
School, Education Building. Regular undergraduate students will register 

in the offices of their respective deans. After registration materials have 
been completed and approved, bills will be issued and fees paid at the 
offices of the Registrar and Cashier in the Administration building. 

Instruction will begin on Tuesday, June 24, at 8:00 a. m. The late regis- 
tration fee on Tuesday, June 24, will be $3.00 ; thereafter, it will be $5.00. 

Students who have not previously been admitted to and matriculated in 
the University should report before registration to the Director of 
Admissions, Dr. E. F. Long, in the Administration Building. Such students 
will find it advantageous to make arrangements for admission in advance 
by mail. 

TUITION AND FEES 
Undergraduate Students 

General Tuition Fee $26.50 

This fee entitles the student to 6 semester hours of work, 
the general recreational program, and the use of a post 
office box. 

Non-residence Fee 10.00 

This fee must be paid by all undergraduate students not 
residents of Maryland or the District of Columbia. 

Matriculation Fee 10.00 

Payable only once, upon admission to the University. Every 
student must be matriculated. 

Special Tuition Fees 

For load of 3 semester hours, or less, or for additional 

work over 6 semester hours, per semester hour 6.00 

Graduate Students 

General Tuition Fee 31.50 

This fee entitles the student to 6 semester hours of work, 
the general recreational program, and the use of a post 
office box. 

Matriculation Fee _ 10.00 

Payable only once, upon admission to the Graduate School. 

Special Tuition Fee for load of 4 semester hours, or less, per 

semester hour . — 6.00 



SUMMER SCHOOL 



Miscellaneous Information 



There is no non-residence fee for graduate students. 

Auditors pay the same fees as regular students except that no charge 
is made to students who have paid the general fee. 

A special laboratory fee may be charged for certain courses where such 
fee is noted in the course description. 

The diploma fee is $10.00. 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for each change in program after June 28th. 
If such changes involve entrance to a course, they must be ap- 
proved by the instructor in charge of the course entered. Courses 
cannot be dropped after July 12th. 

CANCELLATION OF COURSES 

Courses may be cancelled if the number of students enrolled is below 
certain minima. In general, freshman and sophmore courses will not be 
maintained for classes smaller than 15. Minimum enrollments for upper 
level undergraduate courses and graduate courses will be 10 and 5 re- 
spectively. 

LIVING ACCOMMODATIONS— MEALS 

Dormitory accommodations are available as follows: 

Regular Dormitories, double rooms $20 per term (maid service). 
Regular Dormitories, single rooms $25 per term (maid service) (women 
only). 

Veterans' Barracks, double rooms $15 per term (for veterans) (no 
maid service) . 
Students living in the Regular Dormitories will be required to take their 
meals in the University Dining Hall. Residents of the Veterans' Barracks 
may take their meals off campus as the barracks are located on the east 
side of the campus. For reservations write to Miss Marian Johnson, Assis- 
tant Dean of Women, or Mr. James Kehoe, Men's Dormitory Manager. 

A few off-campus rooms are available. Inquiries concerning them should 
be addressed to Mr. Doyle Royal, Office of Director of Student Welfare. 
He will furnish the names of those householders to whom you should 
write to make your own arrangements. 

Board in the Uuiversity Dining Hall will be $60 for the term. Cafeteria 
meal service will be available to those summer school students who are 
commuting and those who live in off campus houses. 

Rooms may be reserved in advance but will not be held later than noon 
of Tuesday, June 24. As the number of rooms is limited, early application 
for reservations is advisable. The University dormitories will be open for 
occupancy the morning of Monday, June 23. 

Students attending the Summer School and occupying rooms in the 
dormitories will provide themselves with towels, pillows, pillow cases, 
sheets, and blankets. Trunks should be marked plainly with name and 
address (dormitory and room number if rooms have been assigned in 
advance) . Trunks sent by express should be prepaid. Maid service will 
be provided for student rooms. 



10 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

The University assumes no responsibility for rooms and board offered 
to Summer Session patrons outside of the University dormitories and 
dining room. 

REFUNDS 

In cases of withdrawal for illness or other unavoidable causes, refunds 
will be made as follows: 

For withdrawal within five days after registration full refund of fixed 
charges and fees, with a deduction of $5.00 to cover cost of registration, 
will be made. 

After five days, and up to two weeks, refunds on all charges will be 
prorated with the deduction of $5.00 for cost of registration. 

Applications for refunds must be made to the registrar's office and ap- 
proved by the appropriate dean and the director. No refund will be paid 
until the application form has been signed by the dean and the director and 
countersigned by the dormitory representative if the applicant rooms in 
a dormitory. 

STUDENT HEALTH 

The University Infirmary, located on the campus, in chai'ge of the regular 
University physician and nurse, provides medical service of a routine nature 
for the students in the Summer Session. Students who are ill should 
report promptly to the University Infirmary, either in person or by phone 
(Extension 326) . 

PARKING OF AUTOMOBILES 

For the use of students, staff members, and employees, several conveni- 
ently located and wholly adequate parking lots are provided. The Uni- 
versity rules forbid the parking of cars on any of the campus roads. 
These rules are enforced by State police. 

SOCIAL AND RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES 

There will be a carefully planned program of social and recreational 
events administered by the Recreation Department. The recreational 
fee of one dollar, paid by all registrants in the Summer Session, is used 
to finance the program. 

A representative advisory committee of students will be appointed to 
plan such events as they may wish to provide. Suggestions as to the 
nature of the social program will be welcomed by the Director of Health, 
Physical Education, and Recreation. 

SUMMER GRADUATE WORK 

Masters' degrees are offered through the Graduate School as follows : 

Master of Arts 

Master of Science 

Master of Arts in American Civilization 

Master of Education 

Master of Business Administration 
Doctors' degrees offered through the Graduate School are as follows: 

Doctor of Philosophy 

Doctor of Education 



SUMMER SCHOOL 11 

Graduate work in the Summer School may be counted as residence to- 
ward a Masters' or Doctor of Education degree. A full year of residence 
or the equivalent is the minimum requirement for each degree. 

The requirements for each of the seven degrees above may be procured 
from the Graduate School upon request. 

Special regulations governing graduate work in Education and sup- 
plementing the statements contained in the Graduate School Announce- 
ments are available in duplicated form and may be obtained at the College 
of Education. Each graduate student in Education should have a copy. 
Students seeking the Masters' degree as a qualification for a certificate 
issued by the Maryland State Department of Education or any other 
certifying authority should consult the appropiate bulletin for specific 
requirements. Advisers will assist students in planning to meet such re- 
quirements. 

All students desiring graduate credit, whether for meeting degree re- 
quirements, for transfer to another institution, or for any other purpose, 
must be regularly matriculated and registered in the Graduate School. 
Those expecting to register as graduate students should bring with them 
transcripts of their undergraduate and graduate records from other insti- 
tutions. 

CANDIDATES FOR DEGREES 

Undergraduate students who expect to complete their requirements for 
baccalaureate degrees during the summer session should make application 
for diplomas at the office of the Registrar. 

LIBRARY FACILITIES 

The General Library at College Park, completed in 1931, is an attractive 
well equipped and well lighted structure. The main reading room on the 
second floor seats 236, and has about 5,000 reference books and bound 
periodicals on open shelves. The stack room is equipped with carrels and 
desks for the use of advanced students. About 10,000 of the 125,000 
volumes on the campus are shelved in the Chemistery and Entomology 
departments, the Graduate School, and other units. Approximately 1,000 
periodicals are currently received. 

The University Library System is able to supplement its reference 
service by borrowing material from other libraries through inter-library 
loans or bibliofilm service, or by arranging for personal work in the 
Library of Congress, the United States Office of Education Library, the 
United States Department of Agriculture Library, and other agencies in 
Washington. 

UNIVERSITY BOOKSTORE 

For the convenience of students, the University maintains a students' 
supply store, located in the basement of the Administration Building, 
where students may obtain at reasonable prices textbooks, stationary, class- 
room materials and equipment, confectionary, etc. 

The store is operated on the basis of furnishing students needed books 
and supplies at as low a cost as practicable, and profits, if any, are turned 
into the general University treasury to be used for promoting general 
student welfare. 



12 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Students are advised not to purchase any textbooks until they have been 
informed by their instructors of the exact texts to be used in the various 
courses, as texts vary from year to year. 

The bookstore is operated on a cash basis. 

SPECIAL MEETINGS 
The Parent-Teacher Association Summer Conference — July 8-10 

The College of Education will cooperate with the Maryland Congress 
of Parents and Teachers in planning their convention to be heid this sum- 
mer on the University campus. The theme of the meeting will be: "Assign- 
ment for Tomorrow." Persons of national reputation will be present as 
speakers and discussion leaders at the conference. 



SUMMEB SCHOOL 13 

COURSE OFFERINGS AND DESCRIPTIONS 

(Unless otherwise stated, courses meet one hour daily, five days a week.) 

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND FARM MANAGEMENT 

A. E. 109. Research Problems (1-2). To be arranged. (De Vault.) 
With the permission of the instructor, students will work on any research 
problems in agricultural economics. There will be occasional conferences 
for the purpose of making reports on progress of work. 

A. E. 200. Special Problems in Farm Economics (2). To be arranged. 
(De Vault.) 

An advanced course dealing extensively with some of the economic prob- 
lems affecting the farmer, such as land values, taxation, credit, prices, 
production adjustments, transportation, marketing, and cooperation. 

A. E. S 207. Farm Business Analysis (1). First three weeks. To be 
arranged. (Hamilton.) 

This course considers the preparation, keeping, and analysis of farm 
records; farm budgeting, farm management surveys, the reorganiation of 
typical farms, and the use of farm records for income tax reports. Students 
will analyze records of different types of farms located in various parts of 
the State and make specific recommendations as to how these farms may 
be improved. 

A. E. 210. Taxation in Relation to Agriculture (2). To be arranged. 
(Walker.) 

Principles and practices of taxation in their relation to agriculture, with 
special reference to the trends of tax levies, taxation in relation to land 
utilization, taxation in relation to ability to pay, and benefits received. 

AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND RURAL LIFE 

The three-week courses in Agricultural Education and Rural Life which 
follow are offered primarily for teachers of vocational agriculture, county 
agents, and others interested in the professional and cultural development 
of rural communities. The normal load in such a program is three courses, 
which gives 3 units of credit. The courses of this department are offered in 
a cycle. By pursuing such a program successfully for four summers, a 
student will be able to earn 12 semester hours, a minimum major in this 
field, and could then return for two full summer sessions or one semester 
of regular school or for four more summers of three weeks each to com- 
plete the remaining 12 hours required for the master's degree. These 
courses are arranged to articulate with the three-week courses in Agricul- 
tural Economics and Farm Management, Agronomy, Animal Husbandry, 
Botany, Dairy Husbandry, Entomology, Horticulture and Poultry. 

In 1947 the first three-week period will extend from June 23 to July 12. 
School will be held on Saturdays, June 28 and July 12, to make up for reg- 
istration day. and July 4. 

R. Ed. S 207 A-B. Problems in Teaching Vocational Agricultural and 
Related Science (1-1). First three weeks. Part B. 9:00; T-112. (Ahalt.) 



14 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

A critical analysis of current problems in the teaching of vocational agri- 
culture with special emphasis upon recent developments in all-day pro- 
grams. 

R. Ed. S 208 A-B. Problems in Teaching Farm Mechanics (1-1). First 
three weeks. Part B. 1:30 to 3:20; T-112. (Gienger.) 

This course deals with the latest developments in the teaching of Farm 
Mechanics. Various methods in use will be compared and studied under 
laboratory conditions. 

R. Ed. S 211 A-B. Rural Education Through the Agricultural Exten- 
sion Services and other Agricultural Agencies (1-1). First three weeks. 
Part A. 11:00; T-112. (Ahalt.) 

Development of the extension service. Types of demonstrations and 
instruction used. The role of the County Agricultural and Home Demon- 
stration Agents in the development of rural society. 

AGRONOMY 
Agron. 206 S. Cropping System (1). Not given in 1947. 
Soils 101 S. Soil Management (1). First three weeks. To be ar- 
ranged. (Thomas.) 

Factors involved in management of soils in general and of Maryland soils 
in particular. Emphasis is placed on methods of maintaining and improv- 
ing chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of soils. Illustrations 
with conservation practices receive particular attention. 

ART 

Art 9. History of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture (3). Eight 
periods a week. Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 10:00; A-310. (Siegler.) 

An understanding of the epochs in the advance of civilization as ex- 
pressed through architecture, painting, and sculpture. A background to 
more detailed study. 

Art 11. Portrait Class (Drawing and Painting) (3). Prerequisite, 
Art 2 and 6. Eight periods a week. Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-310. 
(Siegler.) 

Thorough draftsmanship and knowledge of characterization and compo- 
sition stressed. 

BACTERIOLOGY 

Bact. 1. General Bateriology (4). Five lectures and five two-hour labo- 
ratory periods a week. Lecture, 9:00; T-314; laboratory, 10:00-11:00, T-311. 
Laboratory fee, $8.00. (Pelczar.) 

The physiology, cuture, and differentiation of bacteria. Fundamental 
principles of microbiology in relation to man and his environment. 

Bact. 5. Advanced General Bacteriology (4). Five lectures and five 
two-hour laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 8:00, T-314; laboratory, 
9:00-10:00, T-307. Prerequisites, Bact. 1 and Chem. 3. Laboratory fee, 
$8.00. (Laffer.) 

Emphasis will be given to the fundamental procedures and technics 
used in the field of bacteriology with drill in the performance of these 



SUMMER SCHOOL 15 

technics. Lectures will consist of the explanation of various laboratory 
procedures. 

Bact. 181. Bacteriological Problems (3). Eight two-hour laboratory 
periods a week. To be arranged. Prerequisites, 1G credits in Bacteriology. 
Registration only upon the consent of the instructor. Laboratory fee, 
$8.00. (Faber.) 

This course is arranged to provide qualified undergraduate majors in 
bacteriology and majors in allied fields an opportunity to pursue specific 
bacteriological problems under the supervision of a member of the depart- 
ment. 

Bact. 290. Research. Prerequisites, 30 credits in Bacteriology. Labo- 
ratory fee, $8.00. (Staff.) 

Credits according to work done. The investigation is outlined in consul- 
tation with and pursued under the supervision of a senior staff member of 
the department. 

BOTANY 

Bot. 1. General Botany (4). Five lectures and five two-hour laboratory 
periods per week. Lecture, 11:00, T-219; laboratory, 8:00, T-208. Labo- 
ratory fee, $5.00. (Brown.) 

General introduction to botany, touching briefly on all phases of the sub- 
ject. The chief aim in this course is to present fundamental biological 
principles rather than to lay the foundation for professional botany. The 
student is also acquainted with the true nature and aim of botanical sci- 
ence, its methods, and the value of its results. 

Bot. 122 S. Field Plant Pathology (1). A course for teachers of voca- 
tional agriculture and county agents. Important diseases of Maryland 
crops will be discussed. Not given in 1947. Prerequisite, Bot. 20. (Cox.) 

Bot. 206. Research, Physiology. (Credit according to work done.) 
Students must be qualified to pursue with profit the research to be under- 
taken. (Appleman). 

Bot. 214. Research, Morphology. (Credit according to work done.) 
(Bamford.) 

Bot. 225. Research, Pathology. (Credit according to work done.) 
(Woods and Jeffers.) 

BUSINESS AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION 
Econ. 1. Economic Geography (2). Three lectures and two two-hour 
laboratory periods per week. 

Section 1— M., W., F, 10:00; A-148; T... Th., 8:00-9:00; A-147. (Baker.) 
Section 2— M., W., F., 10:00; A-148; T. Th., 10:00-11:00; A-147. 

(Baker.) 
Section 3— M., W., F., 10:00; A-148; T., Th., 2:00-3:00; A-147. (Baker.) 

Econ. 2. Economic Geography (2). 
Section 1— Daily, 9:00; A-148. Baker. 
Section 2— Daily, 2:00; A-148. (Baker.) 



16 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

General comparative study of the geographic factor underlying produc- 
tion economics. Emphasis upon climate, soil, landforms, agricultural pro- 
ducts, power resources, and major metallic minerals, concluding with brief 
survey of geography of commerce and manufacturing. 

Econ. 4. Economics Development (2). 10:00; A-21. (Dillard.) 

Econ. 5. Economic Development (2). 11:00; A-21. (Dillard.) 
An introduction to modern economic institutions — their origins, develop- 
ment, and present status. Commercial revolution, industrial revolution, 
and age of mass production. Emphasis on development in England, Western 
Europe, and the United States. 

Econ. 31. Principles of Economics (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 
8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-110. (Gruchy.) 

Econ. 32. Principles of Economics (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 
1:00; M., W., F., 2:00; A-110. (Ratzlaff.) 

A general analyis of the functioning of the economic system. A consid- 
erable portion of the course is devoted to a study of basic concepts and 
explanatory principles. The remainder deals with the major problems of the 
economic system. 

Econ. 135. Current Economic Problems (3). 10:00; A-110. (Gruchy.) 
An analysis of the economic causes and problems of war. Industrial 
mobilization, theory and techniques of price control; war finance, interna- 
tional trade and foreign exchange controls; and the problems of readjust- 
ment in a post-war economy. 

Econ. 140. Money and Banking (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 
12:00; M., W., F., 1:00; A-228. (Clemens.) 

A study of the nature, functions, and operations of our financial organiza- 
tion, money and credit, commercial banking, domestic and foreign ex- 
change, federal reserve system, non-commercial banking institutions, and 
recent financial developments. 

Econ. 150. Marketing Principles and Organization (3). Eight periods a 
week. Daily, 2:00; M., W., F., 3:00; A-228. (Troelston). 

This is an introductory course in the field of marketing. Its purpose is 
to give a general understanding and appreciation of the forces operating, 
institutions employed, and methods followed in marketing agricultural 
products, natural products, services, and manufactured goods. 

Econ. 160. Labor Economics (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 10:00; 
M., W., F., 11:00; A-231. (Ratzlaff.) 

The historical development and chief characteristics of the American 
labor movement are first surveyed. Present day problems are then ex- 
amined in detail; wage theories, unemployment, social security, labor or- 
ganization, collective bargaining. 

B. A. 10. Organization and Control (2). 11:00; A-110. (Clemens.) 
A survey course treating the internal and functional organization of a 
business enterprise. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 17 

15. A. 11. Organization and Control (2). 12:00; A-21. (McLarney.) 
Includes industrial management, organization, and control. 

B. A. 20. Principles of Accounting (I). Ten periods a week. 
Section 1— Daily, 8:00-9:00; A-243. (Cissel.) 
Section 2— Daily, 1:00-2:00; A-246. (Mills.) 

B. A. 21. Principles of Accounting (i). Ten periods a week. Daily, 
8:00-9:00; A-246. (Wright.) 

The fundamental principles and problems involved in the accounting 
system; capital and surplus; bonds; and manufacturing and cost account- 
ing. 

B. A. 120. Intermediate Accounting (5). Thirteen periods a week. 
Daily, 8:00-9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; A-338. (Wedeberg.) 

A comprehensive study of the theory and problems of valuation of as- 
sets, corporation accounts and statements, consignment and installments, 
and the interpretation of accounting statements. 

B. A. 130. Elements of Business Statistics (3). Eight periods a week. 
Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-231. (Calhoun.) 

This course is devoted to a study of the fundamentals of statistics. Em- 
phasis is placed upon the collection of data; hand and machine tabulation; 
graphic charting; statistical distribution; averages; index numbers; samp- 
ling; elementary tests and reliability and simple correlations. 

B. A. 140. Financial Management (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 
1:00; M., W., F., 2:00; A-231. (Calhoun.) 

This course deals with principles and practices involved in the organiza- 
tion, financing, and reconstruction of corporations, the various types of 
securities and their use in raising funds, apportioning income, risk, and 
control; intercorporate relations; and new developments. Emphasis on 
solution of problems of financial policy faced by management. 

B. A. 150. Marketing Management (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 
8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-21. (Reid.) 

A study of the work of the marketing division in a going organization. 
The work of developing organizations and procedures for the control of 
marketing activities are suveyed. The emphasis throughout the course 
is placed on the determination of policies, methods, and practices for the 
effective marketing of various forms of manufactured products. 

B. A. 160. Personnel Management (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 
10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-246. (McLarney.) 

This course deals essentially with functions and administrative rela- 
tionships between management and the labor force. It comprises a survey 
of the scientific selection of employees, "service" training, job analysis, 
classification and rating, motivation of employees, employer adjustment, 
wage incentive, employee discipline and techniques of supervision, elimi- 
naton of employment hazards, etc. 

B. A. 165. Office Management (3). Eght periods a week. Daily, 1:00; 
M., W., F., 2:00; A-210. (Patrick.) 



18 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Considers the application of the principles of scientific management in 
their application to office work. 

B. A. 180. Business Law (4). Ten periods a week. Daily, 8:00-9:00: 
A-209. (Mounce.) 

Legal aspects of business relationships, contracts, negotiable instru- 
ments, agency, partnerships, corporations, real and personal property, 
and sales. 

CHEMISTRY 
Chem. 3. General Chemistry (4). Five lectures and five 3-hour labora- 
tory periods per week. Prerequisite, Chem. 1. Lecture — M., T., W., Th M 
F.— 11:00, A-l. Laboratory— M., T., W., T., F.— 8-9-10 or 1-2-3, K-21. 
(Dewey.) 

Chem. 19. Quantitative Analysis (4). Five lectures and five 3-hour 
laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite, Chem. 1 and 3. Lecture — M., 
T., W., Th., F.— 9:00, K-307. Laboratory— M., T., W., Th., F.— 10:00- 
11:00-12:00; K-231. (Stuntz.) 

Chem. 37. Elementary Organic Chemistry (2). Five lectures per week. 
M., T., W., Th., F.— 8, K-307. Prerequisite, Chem. 35. (Reeve.) 

Chem. 38. Elementary Organic Laboratory (2). Five 3-hour labora- 
tory periods per week. M., T., W., Th., F.— 9-10-11 or 1-2-3, K-306. Pre- 
requisite, Chem. 36. (Reeve.) 

Chem. 142, 144. Advanced Organic Laboratory (2,2). Five or ten 3- 
hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisites, Chemistry 19 or 23 and 
Chem. 37 and Chem. 38. Laboratory periods are arranged. K-310. (Pratt.) 

Chem, 146, 148. Idenification of Organic Compounds (2,2). Five or ten 
3-hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisites, Chem. 141 and 143. 
Laboratory periods are arranged. K-310. Two recitations per week. Ar- 
ranged. (Pratt.) 

Chem. 254. Advanced Organic Preparations (2 to 4). Five to ten 3-hour 
laboratory periods per week. Laboratory periods are arranged. K-310. 
(Pratt.). 

Chem. 258. The Identification of Organic Compounds, an advanced 
course (2 to 4). Five to ten 3-hour laboratory periods per week. Labora- 
tory periods are arranged. K-310. Two recitations per week. Arranged. 
(Pratt.) 

Chem. 166. Food Analysis (3). Three lectures and five 3-hour labora- 
tory periods per week. Prerequisites, Chem. 19, 31, 32, 33, 34. Lecture — 
M., W., F. — 10:00, K-307. Laboratory periods will be arranged. (Wiley.) 

Chem. 311. Physicochemical Calculations (2). Five lectures per week. 
M., T., W., Th., F.— 11:00, K-307. (Pickard.) 

DAIRY HUSBANDRY 

D. H. 201. Advanced Dairy Production (1). First three weeks. Ar- 
ranged. (Cairns.) 



SUMMER SCHOOL 19 

An advanced course primarily designed for teachers of vocational agricul- 
ture and county agents. It includes a study of the newer discoveries in 
animal nutrition, breeding and management. 

I). H. 204. Special Problems in Dairying (1-3). Arranged. Pre- 
requisite, permission of professor in charge of work. Credit in accordance 
with the amount and character of work done. 

Special problems which relate specifically to the work the student is pur- 
suing will be assigned. 

D. H. 208. Research (1-3). Arranged. Credit to be determined by the 
amount and quality of work done. 

The student will be required to pursue, with the approval of the Head of 
the Department, an original investigation in some phase of dairy hus- 
bandry, carrying the same to completion, and report results in the form of 
a thesis. 

EDUCATION 

Ed. 52. Children's Literature (2). 8:00; A-203. (Bryan.) 
A study of literary values in prose and verse for children. 

Ed. 101. History of Education II (2). 8:00; F-103. (Kabat.) 
Emphasis is placed on the post-Renaissance periods. 

Ed. 105. Comparative Education (2). 8:00; N-101. (Benjamin.) 

A study of national systems of education with the primary purpose of 

discovering their characteristic differences and formulating criteria for 

judging their worth. 

Ed. 110. The Teacher and School Administration (2). 9:00; F-103. 
(Broome.) 

This course is designed to acquaint the classroom teacher with the gen- 
eral field of school administration. It considers the relationships of the 
teacher to the several administrative and supervisory officials and services 
in the system, with emphasis on the teacher's role in the organization. 

Ed. 114. Eductional Foundations (2). 10:00; F-103. (Broome). 

This course is devoted to the examination of education and of the school 
with its tasks in the light of the more recent psychology and a social out- 
look in a democracy. 

Ed. 123. The Child and the Curriculum (2). 9:00; F-104. (Webb.) 
This course will emphasize the relation of the elementary school curricu- 
lum to child growth and development. Recent trends in curriculum oi-gani- 
zation; the effect of school environment on learning; readiness to learn; 
and adapting curriculum content and methods to the maturity levels of chil- 
dren will be emphasized. 

Ed. 124. Creative Expression in the Elementary School (2). 10:00; 
F-104. (Webb.) 

This course should prove practical to classroom teachers and supervisors, 
since it will attempt to consider the so-called special subjects in their rela- 




DW — Dean of Women's A — Arts and Sciences 

W — Women's Field House B — Music 

Z— Sylvester Hall C— Calvert Hall 



Building 1 

D — Dairy 

E — Engineering 

F — Horticulture Buildi 



COLLEGE PARK CAMPUS 

UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 



QR«N*OOSEi 




tification 

P— Poultry 

T — Agriculture 

G — Gymnasium- Armory 



H — Home Economics 
K — Chemistry 
L — Library 



M— Morrill Hall 
N — Education 



22 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

tion to children and the course of study. It is based on the point of view 
that the classroom teacher is the best teacher of her children and as such 
is responsible for the day by day development of special areas as an inte- 
grated part of the total program. Creativity as the natural expression of 
ideas and as a means of communication will be stressed in both language 
and manual arts. The relation of creativity to the integration of person- 
ality will be emphasized. 

Ed. 130. Theory of the Junior High School (2). 11:00; N-101. (Baker.) 
This course gives a general overview of the junior high school. It includes 
consideration of the purposes, functions, and characteristics of this school 
unit; a study of its population, organization, program of studies, methods, 
and staff; and other similar topics, together with their implication for 
prospective teachers. 

Ed. 131. Theory of the Senior High School (2). 11:00; N-101. (Baker.) 
The secondary school population; the school as an instrument of society; 
relation of the secondary school to other schools; aims of secondary educa- 
tion; curriculum and methods; extra-curricular activities; guidance and 
placement; teacher certification and employment in Maryland and the 
District of Columbia. This course is somewhat more general than Ed. 130. 

Ed. 144. Materials and Procedure for the Junior High School Core 
Curriculum (2). 9:00; A-130. (Willis.) 

This course is designed to bring practical suggestions to teachers who 
are in charge of core classes in junior high schools. Materials and teaching 
procedures for specific units of work are stressed. 

Ed. 147. Audio-Visual Education (2). 9:00; N-106. (Brechbill.) 
Sensory impressions in their relation to learning; projection apparatus, 
its cost and operation; slides, film-strips, and films; physical principles 
underlying projection; auditory aids to instruction; field trips; pictures, 
models, and graphic materials; integration of sensory aids with organized 
instruction. Fee, $1.00. 

Ed. 150. Educational Measurement (2). 10:00; N-101. (Brechbill.) 
A study of tests and examinations with emphasis upon their construction 
and use. Types of tests; purposes of testing; elementary statistical con- 
cepts, and processes used in summarizing and analyzing test results; 
school marks. 

Ed. 152. The Adolescent: Characteristics and Problems (2). 12:00; 
A-130. 

This course deals with the intellectual, emotional, social, and vocational 
problems which arise in the transitional period between childhood and 
adulthood, the secondary school period. 

Ed. 153. The Improvement of Reading (2). 11:00; N-106. (Schindler.) 

This course is intended for teachers working at the intermediate and 

secondary school levels. Attention is given to the teaching of reading in 

different school subjects, the selection of reading materials, the study of 

individuals with reference to causes of reading deficiencies, types of reading 



SUMMER SCHOOL 23 

lessons, and certain elements of psychology essential to intelligent con- 
sideration of problems in this field. 

Ed. 158. Child Development I: The Preschool Years (3). Eight periods 
a week. Daily, 9:00; T., Th., 11:00; A-18. ( M.Xaughton.) 

Growth and development of the preschool child as a basis for under- 
standing child behavior and the type of guidance needed; field trip to well- 
baby clinic; observation in nursery schools; review of current books. 

Ed. 159. Child Development II: The Child from Five to Ten Years (2). 
12:00; N-105. (McNaugbton). 

Development, characteristics, and interests of the middle-age child; 
interpersonal relations as affected by home, school, and community. 

Ed. 161. Guidance in Secondary Schools (2). 1:00; A-130. 

This course is primarily designed for the classroom teacher in terms of 
the day-by-day demands made upon him as a teacher in the guidance of 
the youth in his classes and in the extra-class activities which he sponsors. 
The stress is upon usable materials and upon practical common-sense guid- 
ance procedures of demonstrated workability. 

Ed. 179. Principles of Adult Education (2). 9:00; N-105. (Wiggin.) 
The course includes a study of adult educational agencies both formal 
and informal, with special reference to the development of adult educa- 
tion in the Unite States, the interests and abilities of adults, and the tech- 
niques of adult learning. 

Ed. 210. The Organization and Administration of Public Education (2). 
10:00; DW-106. (Newell.) 

This course deals with so-called "external" phases of school adminis- 
tration. It includes study of the present status of public school administra- 
tion, organization of local, state, and federal educational authorities; and 
the administrative relationships involved therein. 

Ed. 211. The Organization, Administration, and Supervision of Sec- 
ondary Schools (2). 9:00; DW-106. (Newell.) 

This course is designed as a continuation of Ed. 210, but may be taken 
independently. It includes what is called "internal" administration; the 
organization of units within a school system; the personnel problems in- 
volved; and such topics as schedule making, teacher selection, public rela- 
tions, and school supervision. 

Ed. 212. School Finance and Business Administration (2). 12:00; 
DW-106. (Newell.) 

This course deals principally with school revenue and taxation; federal 
and state aid and equalization; purchase of supplies and equipment; internal 
school accounting; and other selected problems of local school finance. 

Ed. 213. Administration and Teaching in Junior High School (2). 8:00; 
A-130. (Willis.) 

This course is concerned with persistent problems and related adminis- 
trative organization and policy. It is designed for teachers and administra- 



24 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

tors. Emphasis is placed on ways and means whereby junior high schools 
may realize their functions fully. 

Ed. 216. High School Supervision (2). 12:00; N-101. (Baker.) 
This course deals with the nature and function of supervision; recent 
trends in supervisory theory and practice; teacher participation in the 
determination of policies; planning of supervisory programs; appraisal of 
teaching methods; curriculum reorganization, and other means for the 
improvement of instruction. 

Ed. 217. Administration and Supervision in Elementary Schools (2). 

11:00; E-104. (Webb.) 

A study of the problems connected with organizing and operating 
elementary schools and directing instruction. 

Ed. 229. Seminar in Elementary Education (2). 8:00; N-105. (Schind- 
ler). 

Attention will be centered on selected problems in curriculum making, 
teaching, and child development. Members of the class may concentrate on 
seminar papers, prepare materials for their schools, or read extensively to 
discover viewpoints and research data on problems and experimental 
practices. 

Ed. 232. Student Activities in the High School (2). 2:00; A-130. 

This course offers a consideration of the problems connected with the 
so-called "extra-curricular" activities of the present-day high school. Spe- 
cial consideration will be given to (1) philosophical bases, (2) aims, (3) 
organization, and (4) supervision of student activities such as student coun- 
cil, school publications, musical organizations, dramatics, assemblies, and 
clubs. Present practices and current trends will be evaluated. 

Ed. 247. Seminar in Science Education (2). 11:00; N-105. (Brechbill.) 

Ed. 250. Analysis of the Individual (2). 9:00; A-207. (Nyweide.) 
This course is concerned with the selection and administration of tests 
and inventories. Interpretation and use of data are stressed. 

Ed. 255. Principles and Problems of Business Education (2). 12:00; 
A-231. (Patrick.) 

Principles and practices in business education; growth and present status; 
vocational business education; general business education; relation to con- 
sumer education and to education in general. 

Ed. 261. Counseling Techniques (2). 10:00; A-209. (Nyweide). 

This course deals with the various specialized techniques, procedures, and 
materials utilized by guidance specialists in the schools. To be required 
for the proposed Maryland counseling certificate. 

Ed. 262. Occupational Information (2). 12:00; A-209. (Nyweide.) 
This course is designed to give counsellors, teachers of social studies, 
school librarians, and other workers in the field of guidance and education 
a background of educational and occupational information which is basic 
for counseling and teaching. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 25 

Ed. 280. Research Methods and Materials in Education (2). Two periods 
a day for first three weeks. Arranged. N-210. (Meshke.) 

A study of research in education, the sources of information and tech- 
niques available, and approved form and style in the preparation of research 
reports and theses. 

Ed. 289. Research (1-6). 

Home Economics Education 

H. E. Ed. 120.— Evaluation of Home Economics (2). 9:00; N-101. 
(Meshke.) 

The measure and function of evaluation in education; the development of 
a plan for evaluating a homemaking program with emphasis upon types of 
evaluation devices, their construction and use. 

H. E. Ed. S220. Workshop in Family Life Education (2). This course 
is identical with H. E. S200. See page 34. 

Industrial Education 

A. Professional Courses 

The following six courses are intended for Industrial Arts teachers and 
supervisors, for Vocational-Industrial teachers and supervisors, and for 
school administrators and others who desire to acquaint themselves with 
underlying principles, practices and educational contributions of Industrial 
Arts and Vocational Education. 

Ind. Ed. 170. Principles and Practices of Vocational Education (2). 
9:00; E-121. (Brown.) 

Establishment and evaluation of the principles underlying the Vocational 
Education movement, a study of the practices by which the principles are 
implemented, and their relationship to a comprehensive educational pro- 
gram for all youth and adults. 

Ind. Ed. 207. Philosophy of Industrial Arts Education (2). 1:00; E-121. 
(Hornbake.) 

This course is intended to assist in the development of a point of view 
as regards Industrial Arts and an understanding of its relationship with 
the total educational program. The student of Industrial Arts should have, 
as a result, a "yardstick" for appraising current procedures and an articu- 
lateness in his own professional area. 

Ind. Ed. 214. School Shop Planning and Equipment Selection (2). 

8:00; E-121. (Hornbake.) 

This course deals with principles involved in planning a school shop and 
provides opportunities for applying these principles. Facilites required in 
the operation of a satisfactory shop program are catalogued and appraised. 

Ind. Ed. 240. Research in Industrial Arts and Vocational Education (2). 
(Arranged.) 

This is course offered by arrangement for persons who are conducting 
research in the areas of Industrial Arts and Vocational Education. 



26 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Ind. Ed. 241. Content and Methods of Industrial Arts (2). 2:00; E-121. 
(Hornbake). 

Various methods and procedures used in developing courses of study are 
examined and those suited to the field of Industrial Arts education are 
applied. Methods of and devices for Industrial Arts instruction are studied 
and practised. 

Ind. Ed. 248. Seminar in Industrial Arts and Vocational Education (2). 
10:00; E-121. (Brown.) 

This seminar deals with the issues and problems within the fields of In- 
dustrial Arts and Vocational Education and with research procedures which 
contribute toward their solution. Opportunity is provided to students 
majoring in Industrial Educational to write one of the seminar papers 
required for the degree of Master of Education. 

B. Technical Courses 

The following courses are offered to persons who are preparing to teach 
Industrial Arts at the secondary school level or to teachers already en- 
gaged in Industrial Arts teaching. The courses are comparable in content 
and presentation to those offered during the regular school term in the 
Industrial Arts curriculum. The primary purpose of each course is to 
have the student develop sufficient skill and technique to instruct sec- 
ondary school pupils in similar courses. 

Ind. Ed. 21. Mechanical Drawing II (2). 8:00-10:00. Ind. Ed. Bldg. 
(Maley.) Laboratory fee, $3.00. Pre-requisite: Ind. Ed. 1 or its equivalent. 

This course deals with working drawings, machine design, pattern lay- 
outs, tracing and reproduction. Detail and assembly drawings are pro- 
duced. 

Ind. Ed. 41. Architectural Drawing (2). 8:00-10:00. Ind. Ed. Bldg. 
(Maley.) Laboratory fee, $3.00. Pre-requisite: Ind. Ed. 1 or its equivalent. 

Practical experience is provided in the design and planning of homes and 
other buildings. Working drawings, specifications and blue prints are 
featured. 

Ind. Ed. 28. Electricity I (2). 10:00-12:00. Ind. Ed. Bldg. (Drazek.) 
Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

An introductory course in electricity. It deals with basic electrical phe- 
nomena and includes such radio and electronic instruction as may be help- 
ful in Industrial Arts programs at the junior high school level. 

C. Art Crafts 

Art Crafts I, II, and III constitute a sequence of related courses intended 
to assist persons who are preparing to teach art crafts in grade 7 of the 
public schools of Maryland, or teachers who have already undertaken this 
type of work in the schools. The work is appropriate also for persons who 
teach art crafts at any grade level and for those who teach art crafts in 
camps, clubs, adult evening classes and the like. The sequence places em- 
phasis upon practical work experience. 

Ind. Ed. 9. Art Crafts I (2). 1:00-3:00. Ind. Ed. Bldg. (Drazek.) 
Laboratory fee, $3.00. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 27 

The materials used in Art Crafts I are woods, metals, leathers and plas- 
tics. Each student is provided the opportunity of doing a variety of types 
of work in the four media. 

Ind. Ed. 10. Art Crafts II (2). 3:00-5:00. Ind. Ed. Bldg. (Drazek.) 
Laboratory fee, $3.00. 

Art Crafts II offers work experiences in model building, ceramics, block 
printing, and seasonal activities. 

Physical Education 

P. E. 116. Rhythmic Activities (2). Three lectures and four labora- 
tory periods per week. T., Th., F., 10:00; M., W., 10:00-11:00. Field 
House. 

Materials and methods. Theory and practice in teaching singing games, 
modern dance fundamentals, simple and advanced folk and square dances 
for elementary and secondary schools. 

P. E. 120. The Physical Education Curriculum in the Secondary School 

(2). 10:00; AR-24. (Tompkins.) 

An analysis of activites for the secondary program. Philosophy, prin- 
ciples, and procedures in teaching and planning the physical education cur- 
riculum. 

P. E. 122. Individual Sports (2). Open to men and women. Two lec- 
tures and six laboratory periods per week. 

Women— M., W., 11:00; T., Th., P., 12:00-1:00; Field House. (Benton.) 
Men— M., W., 9:00; T., Th., F., 9:00-10:00; Armory. (Evans.) 
Theory and practice in the techniques and teaching of golf, badminton, 
and tennis. 

P. E. 130. Exhibition and Demonstration Physical Activities (1). One 
lecture and two laboratory periods per week. M., W., F., 8:00; Armory. 
(Field.) 

Lecture and practice in the building of pyramids, tumbling, and the show- 
ing of mass activities in physical skills adopted to stage presentations. 

Rec. 160. Golf (1). One lecture and two laboratory periods per week. 
W., 1:00-2:00-3:00; Armory. (Cronin.) 

The game treated as a social pastime with practice in the etiquette and 
psychology of team play. 

P. E. 180. Tests and Measurements in Physical Education (2). Three 
lectures and four laboratory periods per week. M., W., F., 9:00; T., Th., 
9:00-10:00; Field House. (Benton.) 

A study of the principles and uses of achievement standards and tests of 
physical fitness, motor ability, sport skills, etc., with special emphasis* on 
the analysis and interpretation of results and their application to the school 
program. 

Rec. 102. Recreational Games for the Elementary Schools (2). Three 
lectures and four laboratory periods per week. T., Th., F., 8:00; M., W., 
8:00-9:00; Field House. 



28 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Materials and methods. Theory and practice in teaching games. 

Hea. 120. Teaching Health in Public Schools (2). 9:00; Armory. 
(Davis.) 

A study of material and methods in health education. Planning the health 
education curriculum. 

Hea. 140. Methods of Teaching Hygiene and Sex Education in Secondary 
Schools (2). 10:00; Armory. (Davis.) 

A course in personal hygiene for secondary students, including nurses' 
and physicians' talks to students, as given in the Baltimore Schools con- 
cerning sex education. 

P. E. 200. Departmental Seminar (1). To be arranged. (Burnett, 
Benton, Gloss.) 

Each candidate for the Master's degree will present to the group, includ- 
ing departmental and invited authorities: (1) a mimeographed outline of 
his main thesis problem, sub-problems and the tentative solutions. This 
must be presented and defended as to criticism in a manner satisfactory 
to the faculty and/or authorities present or again repeated in another 
term. 

P. E. 220S. Contemporary Recreation (2). 11:00; G-202. (Gloss.) 

The present-day status and the possible future developments of private, 
public,, and industrial recreation. 

P. E. 230S. Contemporary Physical Education (2). 10:00; G-202. 
(Burnett.) 

The present-day status and possible future developments of community, 
state, federal (including military) physical fitness and physical education 
programs. 

P. E. 250. Survey in Health, Physical Education, and Recreation (6). 

Arranged. (Gloss.) 

A library survey course covering the total area of health, physical educa- 
tion and recreation, plus intensive research on one specific limited prob- 
lem of which a digest, including a bibliography, is to be submitted. 

P. E. 260. Research (1-6). Approval of the instructor is required. 
(Gloss.) 

This course is for advanced students who are capable of doing individual 
research on some topic other than the thesis or the one chosen in P. E. 250. 

Hea. 210S. Advancements in Modern Health (1). Arranged. (Davis.) 
Latest knowledge of the fundamental principles involved in personal, 
community, state, and national health; functions and relations of various 
health agencies cooperating with the education faculties and their contribu- 
tions to health; present status of preventive medicine and sanitation. 

Science Education 

Sci. Ed. SI. General Science for the Elementary School. (West.) 

Section A-l: For Primary Grades (2): 11:00; N-6. Laboratory fee, 
S1.00. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 29 

Section B-l: For Upper Elementary Grades (2). 10:00; N-6. Labora- 
tory fee, $1.00. 

These courses are planned to meet the needs of the elementary school 
teacher. A point of view consistent with current philosophy in elementary 
education will be developed. The course will provide background material 
in selected phases of those sciences which contribute to elemntary school 
work. An interpretation of materials of the local environment with refer- 
ence to enrichment of the science program will receive attention. As much 
of the work as is possible will be illustrated with simple materials and 
apparatus and the material will be professionalized as much as possible. 

There are two additional sections of this course, A-2 and B-2, which are 
given in alternate summers. None of the sections are prerequisite to other 
sections. Students may receive credit for both Sections A-l and A-2 or 
B-l and B2. Students should not enroll for both A and B Sections. 

Sci. Ed. S2. Activity Materials for Science in the Elementary School 
(2). T., Th., 1:00-3:30; N-6. Group and individual conferences to be ar- 
ranged. Class limited to thirty students. Laboratory fee, $2.00. (West.) 

A laboratory course planned to provide grade teachers with the oppor- 
tunity for becoming acquainted with experiments and pi-eparing materials 
which are of practical value in their science teaching. 

ENGLISH 

Eng. 1, 2. Composition and American Literature (3, 3). Eight periods 
a week. (Staff.) 

Eng. 1. Section 1— Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; E-311. 

Section 2— Daily, 9:00 M., W., F., 10:00 E-314. 

Section 3— Daily, 11:00; M., W., F., 1:00; T-219. 
Eng. 2. Section 1— Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; E-315. 

Section 2— Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; F-101. 

Section 3— Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; T-218. 

Section 4— Daily, 11:00; M., W., F., 1:00; E-122. 

Section 5— Daily, 11:00; M., W., F., 1:00; E-214. 

Section 6— Daily, 1:00; M., W., F., 2:00; A-18. 

Section 7— Daily 1:00; M., W., F., 2:00; A-17. 

Eng. 3, 4. Composition and World Literature (3, 3). Eight periods a 
week. 

Eng. 3. Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; L-15. (Fleming.) 

Eng. 4. Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 8:00; E-122. (Shaumann.) 

Eng. 3, 4 (or Eng. 5, 6), required of all students. Prerequisites, Eng. 1, 2. 

Eng. 5, 6. Composition and English Literature (3, 3). Eight periods a 
week. 

Eng. 5. Daily, 11:00; M., W., F., 1:00; A-148. (Feldman). 
Eng. 6. Section 1— Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; E-112. (Mooney.) 
Section 2— Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; E-312. (Brantley.) 



30 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Eng 5, 6 (or Eng. 3, 4) required of all students. Prerequisites, Eng. 1, 2. 

Eng. 8 S. College Grammar (2). 9:00; A-133. Prerequisite, Eng. 1, 2. 

(Harman.) 

An analytical study of Modern English grammar, with lectures on the 
origin and history of inflectional and derivational forms. 

Eng. 10. Elementary Newswriting (2). 10:00; A-133. Prerequisite, 
Eng. 1, 2, and permission of the instructor. (Beall.) 

Practice in writing and analyzing simple news stories; fundamentals of 
journalistic principles. 

Eng. 101 S. History of the English Language (2). 11:00; A-133. Pre- 
requisite, Eng. 1, 2 and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Harman.) 

An historical and critical survey of the English language; its nature, 
origin and development. 

Eng. 121 S. Milton (2). 12:00; A-133. Prerequisites, Eng. 1, 2 and 3, 
4 or 5, 6. (Murphy.) 

The poetry and the chief prose works. 

Eng. 135 S. Literature of the Victorian Period (2). 8:00; A-133. Pre- 
requisites, Eng. 1, 2 and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Mooney.) 

The chief writers of prose and poetry of the latter half of the Victorian 
period. 

Eng. 143 S. Modern Poetry (2). 10:00; A-106. Prerequisites, Eng. 1, 
2 and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Schaumann.) 

The chief American poets of the twentieth century. 

Eng. 150 S. American Literature to 1900 (2). 9:00; A-106. Prerequi- 
sites, Eng. 1, 2 and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Nye.) 

This first half of a year course considers representative American poetry 
and prose from colonial times to 1850. 

Eng. 210 S. Seminar in Seventeenth-Century Literature (2). Ar- 
ranged. Prerequisite, graduate standing. (Murphy.) 

Eng. 227 S. Problems in American Literature (2). M., W., 10-11. Room 
arranged. Prerequisite, graduate standing. (Nye.) 
The course of American thought from 1S60-1914. 

ENTOMOLOCxY 
Ent. 115 S. Field Problems in Entomology (1). Not given in 1947. 
Ent. 114 S. Bee Keeping (1). Not offered in 1947. 

Ent. 201. Advanced Entomology. (Credit and prerequisites to be de- 
termined by the department). To be arranged. (Cory and Staff.) 

Studies of minor problems in morphology, taxonomy, and applied ento- 
mology, with particular reference to the preparation of the student for 
individual research. 

Ent. 202. Research. (Credit depends upon the amount of work done.) 
To be arranged. (Cory and Staff.) 



SUMMER SCHOOL 31 

Required of graduate students majoring in Entomology. This course 
involves research on an approved project. A dissertation suitable for publi- 
cation must be submitted at the conclusion of the studies as a part of the 
requirements for an advanced degree. 

FOREIGN LANGUAGES AND LITERATURE 

The first semester of beginning language will not be offered. Second- 
year language (French, German, or Spanish 4 and 5) will be offered in a 
reading course granting credit for either first or second semester, depend- 
ing on the student's preparation. 
French 

Fr. 2. Elementary French (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 8:00; M., 
W., F., 10:00; A-17. (Second semester of first-year French). (Falls.) 

Elements of grammar; pronunciation and conversation; exercises in com- 
position and translation. 

Fr. 4. Intermediate Literary French (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 
9:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-17. Prerequisite, French 1 and 2 or equivalent. 
(Falls.) 

Translation; conversation; exercises in pronunciation. Reading of texts 
designed to give some knowledge of French life, thought, and culture. 
German 

Ger. 2. Elementary German (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 8:00; 
M., W., F., 10:00; A-300. (Second semester of first year German.) 
(Hammerschlag.) 

Ger. 4. Intermediate Literary German (3). Eight periods a week; 
daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-300. (Hammerschlag.) 

Reading of narrative prose, grammar review, and oral and written 
practice. 

Spanish 

Span. 2. Elementary Spanish (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 8:00; 
M., W., F., 10:00; A-306. (Second semester of first-year Spanish.) 
(Kramer.) 

Span. 4. Intermediate Spanish (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 9:00; 
M., W., F., 11:00; A-306. (Kramer.) 

Translation, conversation, exercise in pronunciation. Reading of texts 
designed to give some knowledge of Spanish and Latin-American life, 
thought, and culture. 

GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS 

G. & P. 1. American Government (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 
8:00; M., W., F., 10:00; A-207. (Rader.) 

The basic course in government for the American Civilization program; 
a comprehensive study of governments in the United States. 

G. & P. 7. Comparative Government (2). Prerequisite, G. & P. 1. 
10:00; A-212. (Steinmeyer.) 



32 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

A comparative study of the governments of Great Britain, France, and 
Switzerland. 

G. & P. 8. Comparative Government (2). Prerequisite, G. & P. 1. 1:00; 
A-207. (Rader.) 

A comparative study of the governments of Italy, Germany, and Russia. 

G. & P. 154. Problems of World Politics (3). Eight periods a week. 
Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-207. (Steinmeyer.) 

Governmental problems of an international character, such as causes of 
war, problems of neutrality, and propaganda. 

HISTORY 

H. 5. History of American Civilization (3). Eight periods a week. 
Section 1— Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-l. (Wellborn.) 
Section 2— Daily, 10:00; A-130; M., W., F. 11.00; A-106. (Chatelain.) 

From the colonial period through the American Civil War. Required of 
all students for graduation. 

H. 6. History of American Civilization (3). Eight periods a week. 
Section 1— Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; A-203. (Merrill.) 
Section 2— Daily, 11:00; A-130; M., W., F., 1:00; A-133. (Gordon.) 

From the American Civil War to the present. Required of all students 
for graduation. 

H. 108 S. The United States in the Twentieth Century (2). 12:00; 
A-203. (Merrill.) 

A study of political developments and some of the outstanding social and 
economic problems of the last fifty years. 

H. 115 S. The Old South (2). 9:00; T-219. (Owsley.) 

Life, institutions and culture in the ante-bellum South with particular 

reference to the development of Southern nationalism and its place in the 

background of the Civil War. 

H. 121 S. Western America (2). 11:00; A-209. (Wellborn.) 
A consideration of some significant factors in the shaping of the fron- 
tier and of its influence upon American development. 

H. 141 S. History of Maryland (2). 8:00; A-106. (Chatelain.) 
Selected topics illustrative of the political, social and economic factors 
in the development of Maryland as colony and state. 

H. 176 S. Europe in the Twentieth Century (2). 1:00; A-106. (Bauer.) 
European developments since the first World War and their global 
impacts and significance. 

H. 186 S. The British Commonwealth of Nations (2). 9:00; A-210. 
(Gordon.) 

A survey of the rise of the British Commonwealths of Canada, Australia, 
New Zealand and South Africa and their significance in the world pat- 
tern. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 33 

H. 191 S. History of Russia (2). 3:00; A-106. (Bauer.) 
A survey of Russian history with special emphasis upon the develop- 
ments, policies and changes of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. 

H. 216 S. Reconstruction and Its Aftermath (2). 1:00-2:00, M., W.; 
Taliaferro Room. (Owsley). 

A seminar on oroblems resulting from the Civil War. Political, social, 
and economic reconstruction in South and North; projection of certain post- 
war attitudes into the present and consideration of such matters as the race 
problem, sectional prejudices and their manifestations, the poll tax, freight 
rates, and filibustering. 

HOME ECONOMICS 

Clo. 20a and b.* Colthing Construction (3). 8:00-10:50; H-132. Labora- 
tory fee, $3.00. (Akin.) 

Each student is required to complete a minimum of two garments. The 
course is planned to develop technical skill in garment construction and to 
give experience in the selection of fabrics and fashions suited to indi- 
vidual needs. 

or 

Clo. 22. Clothing Construction (2). 8:00-9:50; H-132. Laboraory fee, 
$3.00. (Akin.) 

Continuation of Clo. with emphasis on figure analysis, fitting prob- 
lems and workmanship. 

Tex. 106 S. Recent Developments in Textiles (2). 11:00; H-9. Labora- 
tory fee, $3.00. (Akin.) 

Study of the newer fabrics for household and family use with opportuni- 
ties to examine and to test them for durability and care. There will be 
lectures, demonstrations, class discussions and field trips to textile testing 
laboratories and to textile exhibits. 

Nut. 10 S. Elements of Nutrition (2). 10:00-10:50; H-222. (Taylor.) 
Presented for elementary school teachers, teachers of physical educa- 
tion and persons who need a general knowledge of nutrition. 

Nut. 212 S. Nutrition for Community Service (2). 11:00-11:50; H-222. 
(Taylor.) 

Applications of the principles of nutrition to various community prob- 
lems. Students may work on problems of their own choosing. 

or 
Nut. 210 S. Readings in Nutrition (2). 11:00-11:50; H-222. (Taylor.) 
Reports and discussion of outstanding nutrition research and investiga- 
tion. 

Foods and Nut. 220. Seminar (1). 9:00-9:50; H-222; M., W., F. (Tay- 
lor.) 



* Students with no sewing experience will please register for Clo. 20b; 
others for Clo. 20a. 



34 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Home Mgt. 145 S. Recent Trends in Home Management and Equip- 
ment (2). 8:00-8:50; H-222. Laboratory fee, $3.00. (Crow.) 

Study of modern time and energy saving materials and methods used in 
household processes and of small and large household equipment available 
or being manufactured at the present time; its selection, use and care. 

Home Mgt. 152. Practice in the Management of a Home (3). Labora- 
tory fee, $7.00. (Crow.) 

There will be two periods of Home Management Home Residence; June 
9 to July 12 and July 14 to August 16. Enrollment will be limited to those 
who at the present time are registered in the College of Education or in 
the College of Home Economics. 

H. E. S200. Workshop in Family Life Education (2). July 16 to Aug- 
ust 1, daily including Saturday. 10:00-3:00; one hour for lunch to be 
arranged. H-19, 20. (Dean Marie Mount, Director of the Work Shop; 
Evelyn Miller of Fort Hill High School, Cumberland, Assistant.) Enroll- 
ment limited to 30. 

An opportunity for home economics teachers to become familiar with 
recent trends and new materials in the field of family relationships. The 
program of work will be built around the problems and needs of those 
participating. Each student will work on a project of her own selection 
either individually or as a member of a small group. Dr. Muriel Brown of 
the U. S. Office of Education will act as consultant in Family Life Educa- 
tion and Dr. Edna Meshke, Associate Professor of Home Education, will 
act as consultant on methods and evaluatuion. 



HORTICULTURE 

Hort. 115 S. Truck Crop Management (1). Not given in 1947. 

Hort. 123 S. Ornamental Horticulture (1). Not given in 1947. 

Hort. 124 S. Tree and Small Fruit Management (1). First three weeks. 

To be arranged. (Haut and Schrader.) 

Primarily designed for vocational agricultural teachers and county 
agents. Special emphasis will be placed upon new and improved commer- 
cial methods of production of the leading tree and small fruit crops. Cur- 
rent problems and their solution will receive special attention. 

LIBRARY SCIENCE 

L. S. 101. School Library Administration (2). 9:00; L-15. (Hobson.) 
The organization and maintenance of effective library service in the 
modern school. Planning and equipping library quarters, purpose of the 
library in the school, standards, instruction in the use of books and libra- 
ries, training student assistants, acquisition of materials, repair of books, 
publicity, exhibits, and other practical problems. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 35 

* MATHEMATICS 

Math. 1. Introductory Algebra (0). Eight lectures a week. Daily, 
12:00; E-131; M., W., F., 1:00; E-131. Prerequisite, one unit of algebra. 
Open to students of engineering and required of students who fail in the 
qualifying examination in Math. 15. 

A review of the topics covered in a second course in algebra. 

Math. 2. Solid Geometry (0). 9:00; E-131. Prerequisite, plane geo- 
metry. Open to students who enter deficient in solid geometry. 

Lines, planes, cylinders, cones, the sphere and polyhedra, primary em- 
phasis on mensuration. Intended for engineers and science students. 

Math. 6. Mathematics of Finance (3). Eight lectures a week. Daily, 
10:00; E-131. M., W., F., 11:00; E-131. Prerequisite, Math. 5 or equiva- 
lent. Open to students in the College of Business and Public Administra- 
tion. 

Simple and compound interest, discount, amortization, sinking funds, 
valuation of bonds, depreciation, annuities, and insurance. 

Math. 11. Trigonometry and Analytic Geometry (3). Eight lectures a 
week. Daily, 10:00; E-212; M., W., F., 11:00; E212. Prerequisite, Math. 
10 or equivalent. Open to biological, pre-medical, pre-dental, and general 
Arts and Science students. This course is not recommended for students 
planning to enroll in Math. 20. 

Trigonometric functions, identities, addition formulas, solution of tri- 
angles, coordinates, locus problems, the straight line and circle, conic sec- 
tions, graphs. 

Math. 14. Plane Trigonometry (2). Four sections. 

Section 1—9:00; E-212. 

Section 2—9:00; E-213. 

Section 3—9:00; E-214. 

Section 4—10:00; E-214. 

Prerequisite, Math. 15 or concurrent enrollment in Math. 15. Open to 
students in engineering, education, and the physical sciences. 

Trigonometric functions, identities, the radian, graphs, addition formulas, 
solution of triangles, trigonometric equations. 

Math. 15. College Algebra (3). Three sections. Eight lectures a week. 
Section 1—10:00; E-213; M., W., F., 11:00; E-213. 
Section 2—10:00; E-304; M., W., F., 11:00; E-304. 
Section 3—8:00; E-304; M., W., F., 9:00; E-304. 

Prerequisite, high school algebra completed. Open to students in engi- 
neering, education, and the physical sciences. 

Fundamental operations, variations, functions and graphs, quadratic 
equations, theory of equations, binominal theorem, complex numbers, 
logarithms, determinants, progressions. 



36 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Math. 17. Analytic Geometry (4). Five sections. Eight lectures, four 
drill periods a week. 

Section 1— M., T., W., Th., F., S., 8:00; E-305; M., T., W., Th., F., S., 

9:00; E-305. 
Section 2— M., T., W., Th., F., S., 8:00; E-306; M., T., W., Th., F., S., 

9:00; E-306. 
Section 3— M., T., W., Th., F., S., 8:00; E-307; M., T., W., Th., F., S., 

9:00; E-307. 
Section 4— M., T., W., Th., F., S., 10:00; E-305; M., T., W., Th., F., S., 

11:00; E-305. 
Section 5— M., T., W., Th., F., S., 10:00; E-306; M., T., W., Th., F., S., 
11:00; E-306. 
Prerequisite, Math. 14, 15, or equivalent. Open to students in engineer- 
ing, education, and the physical science. 

Coordinates, locus problems, the straight line and circle, graphs, trans- 
formation of coordinates, conic sections, parametric equations, transcen- 
dental equations, solid analytic geometry. 

Math. 21. Calculus (4). Eight lectures, four drill periods a week. 
M., T., W., Th., F., S., 8:00-9:00; E-312. Prerequisite, Math. 20 or equiva- 
lent. Open to students in engineering, education, and the physical sciences. 
(Vanderslice.) 

Integration with geometric and physical applications, partial derivatives, 
space geometry, multiple integrals, infinite series. 

Math. 101 S. Higher Algebra (2). 9:00; E-110. Prerequisite, Math. 20, 
21, or equivalent. (Good.) 

Selected topics in algebra will be taken up from a point of view designed 
to strengthen and deepen the grasp of the subject. 

Math. 129 S. Higher Geometry (2). 8:00; E-110. Prerequisite, two 
years of college mathematics. Open to students in the College of Educa- 
tion. (Jackson.) 

This course is designed for students preparing to teach geometry in high 
school and will be devoted to the axiomatic development of Euclidean and 
Non-Euclidean geometry. 

Math. 200. Modern Algebra (3). Eight lectures a week. Daily, 10:00; 
E-110; M., W., F., 11:00; E-110. Prerequisite, Math. 103 or consent of 
instructor. (Good.) 

Matrices, groups, rings, fields, algebraic numbers, Galois theory. 

MUSIC 

Mus. 1. Music Appreciation (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 8:00; 
M.. W., F., 9:00; B-l. (Randall.) 

Designed especially for teachers. Music from time of Hayden (late 
18th century) to the present is considered and played on the phonograph 
or performed by visting musicians. 



SUMMER SCHOOL 37 

Mus. S 3. History of American Music (2). 12:00; B-l. (Randall.) 
This course, designed to be an integral part of the American Civilization 
program, reviews the development of music in the United States from 
Colonial days to the present time. Our history is divided into three parts: 
From early Colonial days to 1800, 1800 to the Civil War, 1865 to the pres- 
ent. Phases of our musical history which are studied include: Early Hymn 
Writers, Stephen Foster, the Negro Spiritual, and 20th century music. 

PHILOSOPHY 

Phil. 181 S. Aesthetics (2). 10:00; T-314. (Hoekstra.) 
A general introduction to aesthetics with emphasis on current American 
theory. 

Phil. 182 S. Current Systems of Thought (2). 11:00; T-314. (Hoek- 
stra.) 

A general introduction to present systems of philosophy. 

PHYSICS 

Phys. 11. Fundamentals of Physics: Sound, Optics, Magnetism, and 
Electricity (4). 

The second half of a course in general physics. Prerequisites, Phys. 10 
or 20. Laboratory fee, $5.00. (Myers, Wright, Reaves.) 
Lecture— ML, T.. W.. Th.. F.— 8. Room E-18. 

Recitation— T., Th.— 11:00; (F.— 11:00, 1st, 3rd, 5th weeks) in E-18. 
Lab. Lecture— M., W.— 9.00 (Th.. 2:00, 2nd, 4th. 6th weeks) in E-18. 
Laboratory— M., W.— 10:00, 11:00 (F.— 9:00, 10:00, 2nd, 4th, 6th 
weeks) in A-300. 

Phys. 21. General Physics: Sound, Optics, Magnetism, and Electricity 
(5). 

The second half of a course in general physics. Required of all students 
in the engineering curricula. Prerequisite, Phys. 20. Math. 21 is to be 
taken concurrently. Laboratory fee, $5.00. (Myers, Wright, Reaves.) 
Lecture— M., T., W., Th., F., 12:00; Room E-18. 
Recitation— M., T., W., Th., F.— 8:00; Room E-131. 
Lab. Lecture— M., W., 9:00 (Th., 2:00, 2nd, 4th, 6th weeks) in A-300. 
Laboratory— T., Th.— 9:00, 10:00 (F., 9:00, 10:00, 1st 3rd, 5th weeks) 
in A-300. 

POULTRY 

P. H. Ill S. Poultry Genetics and Nutrition (1). To be arranged. 
(Jull and Briggs.) 

This course is designed primarily for teachers of vocational agriculture 
and county agents. The inheritance of egg and meat production, hatch- 
ability and other characters are presented. The nutritive requirements of 
poultry are discussed with special reference to the role of proteins, vita- 
mins, and minerals in meeting those requirements. 



38 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

P. H. 112 S. Poultry Products and Marketing (1). Not given in 1947. 

PSYCHOLOGY 

University Counseling Bureau. The Department of Psychology main- 
tains a Counseling Bureau, provided with a well-trained technical staff 
and equipped with an excellent stock of standardized tests of aptitude, 
abilty and interest. The services of this Bureau are available to Summer 
Session students. 

Psych. 1. S. Introduction to Psychology (2). 9:00; A-14. (Hackman.) 
A basic introductory course, intended to bring the student into contact 

with the major problems confronting psychology and the more important 

attempts at their solution. 

Psych. 2 S. Applied Psychology (2). 10:00; A-204. (Hackman.) 
Application of research methods to basic human problems in business and 

industry, in the professions, and in other practical problems of everyday 

life. 

Psych. 110. Educational Psychology (3). Eight periods a week; daily. 
8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-204. (Schaefer.) 

Researches on fundamental problems in education; measurement and sig- 
nificance of individual differences, learning, motivation, transfer of train- 
ing. 

Psych. 121 S. Social Psychology (2). 10.00; A-18. (Schaefer.) Pre- 
requisite, Psych. 1. 

Psychological study of human behavior in social situations; influence of 
others on individual behavior; social conflict and social adjustment; com- 
munication and its influence on normal social activity. 

Psych. 125 S. Child Psychology (2). 11:00; A-204; (Schaefer.) Pre- 
requisite, Psych. 1. 

Behavioral analysis of normal development and normal socialization of 
the growing child. 

Psych. 130 S. Mental Hygiene (2). Lectures, M., T., Th., F., 11:00; 
A-212; clinic, W., 2:00-4:00. (Sprowls.) Prerequisite, Psych. 1. 

The more common deviations of personality; typical methods of adjust- 
ment. The weekly clinic will he held at St. Elizabeth's Hospital. 

Psych. 131 S. Abnormal Psychology (2). Lectures, M, T., Th., F. ( 10:00; 
N-105; clinic, W., 2:00-4:00. (Sprowls.) Prerequisite, Psych. 130. 

The nature, occurrence, and causes of marked psychological abnormali- 
ties, with emphasis on clinical, rather than theoretical aspects. 

Psych. 150 S. Psychological Tests and Measurements (2). 10:00; T-219. 
Laboratory fee, $4.00. (Smith.) Prerequisite, consent of instructor. 

Critical survey of predictors used in vocational and educational orienta- 
tion; practice in their use and interpretation. 



SUMMER SCHooi, 39 

Psych. 218 S. Seminar in Clinical Psychology for Teachers (2). Ar- 
ranged. (Sprowls). Prerequisite, consent of instructor. 

A systematic consideration of clinical procedures in treating psychological 
problems of pupils. 

Psych. 299 S. (iraduate Research in Psychotechnology (2-4). Ar- 
ranged. (Hackman.) Prerequisite, consent of instructor. 
Credit will be apportioned to work accomplished. 

SOCIOLOGY 

Soc. 1. Sociology of American Life (3). Eight periods a week. 
Section 1— Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-12. (Imse.) 

Sociological analysis of the American social structure; metropolitan, 
small town, and rural communities; population distribution, composition 
and change; social organization. 

Soc. 2. Principles of Sociology (3). Eight periods a week; daily, 10:00; 
M., W., F., 11:00; A-14. (Hutchinson.) 

The basic forms of human association and interaction; social processes; 
institutions; culture; human nature and personality. 

Soc. 14 S. Urban Sociology (2). 11:00; A-210. (Ebersole.) 
Urban growth and expansion; characteristics of city populations; urban 
institutional and personality patterns; relations of city and country. 

Soc. 115 S. Industrial Sociology (2). 10:00; T-219. (Imse.) 
Social organization of American industry; functions of members of in- 
dustrial organization; status, social structure, patterns of interaction and 
relations of industry and society. 

Soc. 120 S. Population (2). 10:00; M-107. (Baker). 

Population distribution, composition and growth in North America and 
Eurasia; trends in fertility and mortality; migrations; population prospects 
and policies. 

Soc. 123 S. Ethnic Minorities (2). 12:00; A-210. (Lejins.) 
Basic social processes in the relations of ethnic groups within the state; 
immigration groups and the Negro in the United States; ethnic minori- 
ties in Europe. 

Soc. 124 S. The Culture of the American Indian (2). 11:00 DW-106. 
(Hutchinson.) 

A study of type cultures; cultural processes; and the effects of accultura- 
tion on selected tribes of Indians in the Americas. 

Soc. 141 S. Sociology of Personality (2). 10:00; E-122. (Ebersole.) 
Development of human nature and personality in contemporary social 

life; processes of socialization; attitudes, individual differences, and social 

behavior. 



40 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND 

Sue. 145 S. Social Control (2). 8:00; A-18. (Ebersole.) 
Forms, mechanisms, and techniques of group influence on human be- 
havior; problems of social control in contemporary society. 

Soc. 153 S. Juvenile Delinquency (2). 10:00; A-210. (Lejins.) 
Juvenile delinquency in relation to the general problem of crime; analysis 
of factors underlying juvenile delinquency; treatment and prevention. 

Soc. 255 S. Seminar: Juvenile Delinquency (2). To be arranged. 

(Lejins.) 

Soc. 291 S. Special Social Problems (Credit to be determined). (Staff.) 
Individual research on selected problems. 

ZOOLOGY 

Zool. 1. General Zoology (4). Five lectures and five two-hour labora- 
tory periods a week. Lecture, 8:00; M-107; laboratory, 9:00-10:00; M-203. 
Laboratory fee, $6.00. (Burhoe.) 

This course, which is cultural and practical in its aim, deals with the basic 
principles of animal life. Typical invertebrates and a mammalian form are 
studied. 

Zool. 2. Fundamentals of Zoology (4). Five lectures and five two-hour 
laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 11:00: M-107; laboratory, 9:00-10.00; 
M-302. Laboratory fee, 6.00. (Littleford.) 

A thorough study of the anatomy, classification, and life histories of rep- 
resentative invertebrate animals. 

Zool. 5. Compartive Vertebrate Morphology (4). Five lectures and five 
two-hour laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 9:00; M-107; laboratory, 
10:00-11:00; M-105. Prerequisite, one course in zoology. Laboratory fee, 
$6.00. (Werner.) 

A comparative study of selected organ systems in certain vertebrate 
groups.