1954 SUMMER SESSION i^^K, I'll^- UNIVERSITY OF MAITLJIMD COLLEGE PARI. MAITLAHD i^i Of linlversLli^ of J^andan^ (PuUlcaiion^ IMPORTANT J, HE provisions of this publication are not to be regarded as an irrevocable contract between the student and the University of Maryland. The University reserves the right to change any provision or requirement at any time within the student's term of residence. The University further reserves the right at any time, to ask a student to withdraw when it considers such action to be in the best interests of the University. GENERAL INFORMATION For information in reference to the University grounds, buildings, equipment, library facilities, requirements in American Civilization, definition of resident and non-resi- dent, regulation of studies, degrees and certificates, tran- scripts of records, student health and welfare, living arrangements in the dormitories, off-campus housing, meals. University Counseling Service, scholarships and student aid, athletics and recreation, student government, honors and awards, religious denominational clubs, fraternities, socie- ties and special clubs, the University band, student publi- cations. University Post Office and Supply Store, write to the Director of Publications for the General Information issue of the Catalog. See Outside Back Cover for List of Other Catalogs Index on Inside Back Cover VOL. 6 March 15, 1954 NO. 27 A University ol Maryland Publication is published four times in January, February, March and April ; three times in May ; once in June and July ; twice in August, September, October and November; and three times in December. Re-entered at the Post Offif^e in College Park, Maryland, as second class mall matter under the Act of Congress of August 24, 1912. Harvey L. Miller, Director ol Publications, University of Maryland. BOARD OF REGENTS AND MARYLAND STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE Term Expires William P. Cole, Jr., Chairman, 100 West University Parkway, Baltimore 1958 B. Herbert Brown, 12 W. Madison St., Baltimore I960 Edmund S. Burke, Cumberland 1959 Edward P. Holter, Middletown 1959 Louis L. Kaplan 1201 Eutaw Place, Baltimore 1961 E. Paul Knotts, Denton, Caroline County 1954 Arthur O. Lovejoy, 827 Park Avenue, Baltimore I960 Charles P. McCormick, McCormick & Company, Baltimore 1957 Harry H. Nuttle, Denton, Caroline County 1957 C EwiNG Tuttle, 1114 St. Paul St., Baltimore 1962 Mrs. John L. Whitehurst, 4101 Greenway, Baltimore 1956 Members of the Board are appointed by the Governor of the State for terms of nine years each, beginning the first Monday in June. The President of the University of Maryland is, by law, Executive Officer of the Board. The State law provides that the Board of Regents of the University of Maryland shall constitute the Maryland State Board of Agriculture. A regular meeting of the Board is held the last Friday in each month, except during the months of July and August. GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE BOARD Dr. Symons, Acting President, Chairman Miss Preinkert, Secretary Dr. Aisenberg Dean Eppley Mr. Morrison Mr. Algire Dr. Faber Dean Mount Col. Ambrose Mr. Fogg Dr. Nystrom Dean Bamford Dean Foss Miss Preinkert Mr. Benton Dean Fraley Dean Pyle Dr. Bishop Dean Gipe Dean Smith Mr. Brigham Dr. Gwin Dean Stamp Dr. Brueckner Mr. Haszard Dean Steinberg Mr. Buck Dr. Haut Dr. Symons Dean Cairns Dean Howell ,,„ ■,,, -, _ -r. XT Mr. Weber Mr. Cissel Dr. Huff Dean Cotterman Dr. Hoffsommer White Dean Devilbiss Dean Long Dean Wylie Dean Ehrensberger Mrs. Low Dr. Zucker EDUCATIONAL COUNCIL The President, Dean of the Faculty, Chairman, Deans of Colleges, Chair- men OF Academic Divisions, Heads of Educational Departments, Director of Admissions, Registrar. 1 OFFICERS OF THE ADMINISTRATION Thomas B. Symons, D.Agr., Acting President of the University H. C. Byrd, LL.D., D.Sc., President Emeritus Harold F. Cotterman, Ph.D., Dean of the Faculty Ronald Bamford, Ph.D., Dean of the Graduate School Gordon M. Cairns, Ph.D., Dean of College of Agriculture Leon P. Smith, Ph.D., Dean of College of Arts and Sciences J. Freeman Pyle, Ph.D., Dean of College of Business and Public Administration M. S. Aisenberg, D.D.S., Acting Dean of School of Dentistry Wilbur Devilbiss, Ed.D., Dean of College of Education, Director of Summer School S. S. Steinberg, B.E., C.E., Dean of College of Engineering M. Marie Mount, M.A., Dean of College of Home Economics Roger Howell, LL.B., Ph.D., Dean of School of Law H. Boyd Wylie, M.D., Dean of School of Medicine Joseph R. Ambrose, Col. U.S.A. F., Dean of College of Military Science and Pro- fessor of Air Science and Tactics L. M. Fraley, Ph.D., Dean of College of Physical Education, Recreation and Health Florence M. Gipe, Ed.D., R.N., Dean of School of Nursing Noel E. Foss, Ph.D., Dean of School of Pharmacy Ray W. Ehrensberger, Ph.D., Dean of College of Special and Continuation Studies Geary F. Eppley, M.S., Dean of Men, Director of Student Welfare Adele H. Stamp, M.A., Dean of Women Edgar F. Long, Ph.D., Dean of Students G. Watson Algire, M.S., Director of Admissions Alma H. Preinkert, M.A., Registrar Paul E. Nystrom, Director of Instruction, College of Agriculture James M. Gwin, Ph.D., Director of the Agriculture Extension Service Irvin C. Haut, Ph.D., Director of Agriculture Experiment Station James M. Tatum, B.S., Director of Athletics George O. Weber, B.S., Business Manager George W. Morrison, B.S., Associate Business Manager Charles L. Benton, M.S., C.P.A., Director of Finance and Business C. Wilbur Cissel, M.A., C.P.A., Comptroller W. J. Huff, Ph.D., D.Sci., Director of the Engineering Experiment Station George H. Buck, Ph.B., Director, University Hospital Howard Rovelstad, M.A., B.S.L.S., Director of Libraries Harry A. Bishop, M.D., Medical Director George W. Fogg, M.A., Director of Personnel Frank K. Haszard, B.F.S., Director of Procurement and Supply Harvey L. Miller, Col., U. S. M. C. (Ret), Director of Publications and Publicity David L. Brigham, B.S., General Alumni Secretary Douglas M. Peck, Lt. Col. U. S. A. F., Commandant of Cadets CHAIRMEN OF THE ACADEMIC DIVISIONS Dr. Charles E. White, Professor of Chemistry, Chairman, The Lower Division Dr. John E. Faber, Professor of Bacteriology, Chairman, The Division of Biological Sciences Dr. Adolph E. Zucker, Professor of Foreign Languages, Chairman, The Division of Humanities Dr. Wilbert J. Huff, Professor of Chemical Engineering, Chairman, The Division of Physical Sciences Dr. Harold C. Hoffsommer, Professor of Sociology, Chairman, The Division of Social Sciences. FACULTY COMMITTEES Admission, Guidance, and Adjustment Chairman Reid; Messrs. Cairns, Eppley, Foss, Gustad, Hodgins, Long, QuiGLEY, Robinson, Schindler, Manning, Weigand, White; Mmes. Crow, Preinkert, Stamp. Coordination of Agrricultural Activities Chairman Cairns; Messrs. Ahalt, Bopst, Brueckxer, Carpenter, Cory, Cox, Foster, Gwin, Haut, Holmes, Jull, Kuhn, Magruder, Nystrom. Council on Intercollegiate Athletics Chairman Eppley; Messrs. Ambrose, Cory, Faber, Reid, Tatum; President OF the Student Government Association and the Chairman of the Alumni Council, ex-officio. Educational Standards, Policies and Coordination Chairman Cotterman; Messrs. Bamford, Cairns, Devilbiss, Drake, Hahn, HoFFsoMMER. KuHN, Martin, Shree\-e, L. P. Smith, Strahorn, Wylie; Mmes. Mitchell, Wiggin. Special and Adult Education Chairman Ehrensbergf.r; Messrs. Ambrose, Brechbill, Burdette, Drazek, Manning, Reid. Honors Programs Chairman Cotterman; Messrs. Devilbiss, Hoffsommer, Smith, Zucker. Libraries Chairman Martin; Messrs. Aisenberg. Brown, Foster, Hackman, Hall, Invernezzi, Parsons, Reeve, Rovelstad, Slama, Spencer; Mmes. Harman, Ida M. Robinson, Wiggin. Publications and Catalog Chairman Cotterman; Messrs. Ball, Bamford, Crowell, Devilbiss, Fogg, Foss, Gwin, Haut, Howell, Miller, Pyle, Smith, Wylie, Zucker; Mmes. E. Frothingham, Mount, Preinkert. Public Functions and Public Relations Chairman Pyle; Messrs. Ambrose, Brigham, Cook, Cory, Ehrensberger, Eppley, Fogg, Foss, Gewehr, Howell, Miller, Morrison, Randall, Reid, Shreeve, Smith, Weber, Wylie; Mmes. Mount, Preinkert, Stamp. Religious Life Committee Chairman Shreeve; Messrs. Daiker, Gewehr, Hamilton, Reid, Scott, Springmann, White; Mmes. Binns, Bryan, McNaughton. Scholarships and Student Aid Chairman Cotterman; Messrs. Eppley, Long, Reid, Steinmeyer; Mmes. Mount, Stamp. Student Life Chairman Reid; Messrs. Allen, Eppley, James, Kramer, Peck, Quigley, Strausbaugh, Tatum, White; Mmes. Binns, Harman, Preinkert, Stamp, and the President of the Student Government Association and the President of THE Men's League and the President of the Women's League. ' ■ ■ ' • ' I - Poultry Rono* I7-*-'- ■ ' ■ Apiory Cottog* VF-12. gVF-13 _ I I . , CO Animol Huibondry Born* Col (0)09 M ifc"^''Poy'lioii>/i^ UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Dcirj Husbandry Bomi BUILDfNG CODE LETTERS FOR CLASS SCHEDULES. A Arts a Sciences AR Armory B Music BB Nursery School IB Administrotion C Chemistry Col Coliseum D Ooiry DD Temporory Clossroom DW Deon of Women E Agronomy - Botony EE Counseling Center F Horticulture FF Temporary Classroom G 6yfnnoslum 66 Journalism H Home Economics I Aqriculturol Engr. J Engr. Classroom BIdg. K Zoology L Librory M Morrill Hall N Geogrophy Symons Hall P Industriol Arts a Education a Business a Public Administration R Clossroom Building s Engr. Loborotorlts T Education U Chem. Engr. V Wind Tunnel w Women's Field House X Judging Povlllon Y Mothemotics z Physics n Poultry jj Engines Reseorch Lob. (Moleculor Phytlct) Sororille$ Not Shown — Alpha Chi Omego Alpho Xi Delta Froternltici Not Shown Alpha Epsilon Pt Phi Alpha Phi Kappa Gamma Tou Epsilon Phi Zelo Beta Tou CivU OefenM % Training BUg- 1954 September 14- September 20 October 14 November 24 November 29 December 18 1955 January 3 January 20 January 20 January 21-27 February 2-i February 7 February 22 March 25 April 7 April 12 May 12 May 26 May 27 -June May 29 May 30 June 4 June 27 June 28 August 5 June 13-18 August 8-13 September 6-9 CALENDAR 1954-1955 College Park First Semester 17 Tuesday- Friday Monday Thursday Wednesday after last class Monday, 8 a.m. Saturday after last class Monday, 8 a.m. Thursday Thursday Friday- Thursday, Inc. Second Semester Wednesday- Friday Monday Tuesday Friday Thursday after last class Tuesday, 8 a.m. Thursday Thursday Friday- Friday, inc. Sunday Monday Saturday Registration, first semester Instruction begins Convocation, faculty and students Thanksgiving recess begins Thanksgiving recess ends Christmas recess begins Christmas recess ends Charter Day Pre -Examination Study Day First semester examinations Registration, second semester In.struction begins Washington's birthday, holiday Maryland Day Easter recess begins Easter recess ends Military Day Pre -Examination Study Day Second Semester examinations Baccalaureate exercises Memorial Day holiday Commencement exercises Summer Session, 1955 Monday Tuesday Friday Short Courses Monday- Saturday Monday- Saturday Tuesday- Friday Registration, summer session Summer session begins Summer session ends Rural Women's Short Course 4-H Club Week Firemen's Short Course SEP SMTWTFS I 2 3 4 S 6 7 B 9 10 ir 12 13 14 15 16 17 IB 19 20 21 22 23 24 2526 27 2B 29 30 31 I 2 3 a 9 10 IS 16 17 222324 293031 5 i 7 12 13 14 19 20 21 26 27 26 3 4 5 10 II 12 1/ IB 19 24 25 26 31 - I 2 7 8 9 14 15 16 21 22 23 282930 i e 7 12 13 14 13 20 21 23 27 28 4 5 6 7 11 12 13 14 IB 19 20 21 25 26 27 28 12 3 4 8 9 10 II 15 16 17 IB 22 23 24 25 2930 12 6 7 8 9 13 14 15 16 20 21 22 23 27 2829 30 3 4 5 6 10 II 12 13 17 18 19 20 24 2526 27 12 3 4 8 9 10 II 15 16 17 IB 22 23 24 25 29 3031 - FEB MAY SIMITIWITIFIS I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 15 16 17 IB 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 26 29 3031 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 IS 16 17 IB 19 20 21 2223 24 2526 2728 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 IS 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 79 30 31 - - I 2 3 4 5 G 7 8 9 lU II 12 13 14 15 16 1/ IB 19 20 21 22 23 24 2526 27 2829 30 12 3 4 5 6 7 B 9 10 II 12 13 14 IS 16 17 IB 19 20 21 222324 25 26 27 28 29 3031 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 IS 16 17 IB 1120 21 22 23 24 25 2G 272829 30 I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 IS 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 2526 27 28 29 30 31 -I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 15 16 17 IB 19 20 2122 23 24 2526 27 2829 30 31 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 2526 27 2B 29 30- I 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 2 J 24 25 26 27 2829 3031 12 3 4 5 6 7 9 10 II 12 13 14 15 16 1/ 18 19 2121 22 23 24 2526 272B2930 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 IB 19 20 21 22 23 24 2526 27 28 29 30 31 FEB HAY SIMITWT FS 12 3 4 5 6 7 B 9 10 II 12 13 14 ISI6 17 18 19 20 21 Z223 24 25 26 27 2B Z3303I I 2 3 4 S 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 1314 IS 16 17 IB 1920 21 £22324 25 2327 2829 12 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 IS 16 17 1319 20 21 22 23 24 2S26 27 28 29303I I 2 3 8 9 10 1516 17 222324 2930- I 6 7 8 1314 15 2021 22 272829 4 5 6 7 II 12 13 14 18 19 20 21 2526 27 28 3 4 5 n II 12 1/ 18 19 2425 26 2 3 4 5 9 10 II 12 16 17 IB 19 2324 2526 3331 - - 12 6 7 8 9 13 14 IS 16 20 21 22 23 27 2829 30 EASTER SUNDAYS: April 18, 1954; AprU 10, 1955; April 1. 1956. SUMMER SESS ION, 1954 FACULTY Wilbur Devilbiss, Ed.D., Director Olin L. Adams, Jr., M.Ed., Elementary School Principal, Wellston Public Schools, Ohio. Visiting Lecturer in Education. Arthihi M. Ahalt, M.S., Professor and Head of Agricultural Education, Alfred O. Aldridge, Ph.D., Professor of English. RowANNETTA S. Allen, M.A., Director of Instruction, Prince George's County, Maryland. Visiting Lecturer in Education. George Anastos, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Zoology. Thomas G. Andrews, Professor and Head of Department of Psychology. AsTHtm W. Ayers, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Industrial Psychology. Edward W. Baker, Ph.D., Entomologist, Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quaran- tine, U, S. Department of Agriculture. Visiting Lecturer, Department of Zoology. Harry S. Baker, Ed.D., Director of Special Education in Secondary White Schools of the District of Columbia Public School System. Visiting Lecturer in Education. Cecil R. Ball, M.A., Associate Professor of English. Whitney Bates, Ph.D., Instructor in History. Richard H. Bauer, Ph.D., Associate Professor of History. Otho T. Beall, Ph.D., Instructor in English. Walcott H, Beatty, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. Glenn H. Beck, Ph.D., Professor and Head of Department of Dairy. Josiah a. Blacklock, M.Ed., Supervising Principal of North Point Edgemere School, Baltimore County. Visiting Lecturer in Education. Carl Bode, Ph.D., Professor of English. John W. Brace, Ph.D., Instructor in Mathematics. Richard M. Brandt, M.A., Assistant Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. Pela Braucher M. S., Associate Professor of Foods and Nutrition. Henry Brechbill, Ph.D., Professor and Assistant Dean, College of Education. Glen D. Brown, M.A., Professor and Head of Department of Industrial Education. Russell G. Brown, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Botany. Marie D. Bryan, M.A., Associate Professor of Education. Franklin L. Burdette, Ph.D., Professor and Head of Department of Government and Politics. 7 8 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Si'MXER O. BuRHOE, Ph.D., Professor of Zoology. Richard H. Byrne, Ed. D., Associate Professor of Education. Charles E. Calhoun. M. B. A., Professor of Finance. Joseph H. Camin, Ph.D., Associate Currator of the Chicago Academy of Sciences, Visiting Lecturer in Zoology. Mary Carl, Ph.D., Assistant Professor and Educational Adviser, Baltimore Division, College of Special and Continuation Studies. John F. Carruthers, Assistant Professor of Chemistry. Verne E. Chatelain, Ph.D., Professor of History. Gerald F. Combs, Ph.D., Professor of Poultry Husbandry. Franklin D. Cooley, Ph.D., Associate Professor of English. Ernest N. Cory, Ph.D., Professor and Head of Department of Entomology. Carroll E. Cox, Ph.D., Professor of Plant Pathology. George C. Cree, Ph.D., Instructor in Mathematics. Frank H. Cronin, B.S., Associate Professor of Physical Education. CoMPTON N. Crook, M.A., Instructor in Science, State Teachers College, Towson, Maryland. Visiting Lecturer in Education. Dorothy F. Deach, Ed.D., Professor and Head of Department of Physical Edu- cation for Women. Lena S. Denecke, B.S., Formerly Supervising Teacher, State College Laboratory School (Elementary), Bufifalo, New York. Visiting Lecturer in Education. Marie Denecke, M.Ed., Instructor in Education. Wilbur Devilbiss, Ed.D., Professor and Dean, College of Education. Robert G. Dixon, Jr., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Government and Politics. Raymond N. Doetsch, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Bacteriology. Willie M. Dugger. Jr., Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Plant Physiology. Charles B. Edelson, AI.B.A., C.P.A., Instructor of Accounting. John E. Faber, Jr., Ph.D., Professor and Head of Department of Bacteriology. Sherman K. Fitzgerald, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Sociology. John H. Frederick, Ph.D., Professor and Head of Department of Business Organization. Lucius Garvin, Ph.D., Professor and Head of Department of Philosophy. Hugh G. Gauch, Ph.D., Professor of Plant Physiology. Wesley M. Gewehr, Ph.D., Professor and Acting Head, Department of History. Guy W. Gienger, M.S., Associate Professor of Agricultural Engineering. Richard A. Good, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Mathematics. Donald C. Gordon, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of History. Ira J. Gordon, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. Flora E. Gorirossi, Ph.D., Junior Instructor in Zoology. William H. Gravely, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of English. SUMMER SCHOOL 9 Henry W. Grayson, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Economics. WiLLARD W. Green, Ph.D., Professor of Animal Husbandry. John D. Greene, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. Sidney Grollman, Ph.D., Instructor in Zoology. Allan G. Gruchy, Ph.D., Professor of Economics. John G. Gurley, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Economics. John W. Gustad, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Psychology. Ray C. Hackman, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology. Dick W. Hall, Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics. Thomas W. Hall, M.A., Instructor in Foreign Languages. LuDWiG Hammerschlag, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Foreign Languages. Susan Harman, Ph.D., Professor of English. Ellen Harvey, Ed.D., Associate Professor of Physical Education and Recreation. Elizabeth E. H.wilaxd, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Entomology. Roy K. Heintz, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Psychology. Richard Hendricks, M.A., Assistant Professor of Speech R. Lee Hornb.a.ke, Ph.D., Professor of Industrial Education. Kenneth O. Hovet, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Education. James H. Humphrey, Ed.D., Associate Professor of Health and Physical Education, Stanley B. Jackson, Ph.D., Professor of Mathematics. Walter F. Jeffers, Ph.D., Professor of Plant Pathology. Olive T. Jobes, M.A., Supervisor of Art, Baltimore County Schools, Maryland. Visiting Lecturer in Education. Warren R. Johnson, Ed.D., Professor of Health and Physical Education. Morley a. Jull, Ph.D., Professor and Head of Department of Poultry Husbandry. Mary F. Kemble, M.S., Instructor in Music and Music Education. Malcolm H. Kerr, M.S., Associate Professor of Animal Husbandry. Marguerite Key, M.P.H. Assistant Professor of Health' Education. Charles F. Kramer, M.A., Associate Professor of Foreign Languages. Robert W. Krauss, Ph.D., Research Associate in Botany. John J. Kurtz, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. Norman C. Laffer, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Bacteriology. Leroy L. Lee, A.M., C.P.A., Instructor in Accounting. Emory C. Leffel, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Animal Husbandry. Peter P. Lejins, Ph.D., Professor of Sociology. Irving Linkow, M.A., Assistant Professor of Speech. Donald Maley, Ph.D. Associate Professor of Industrial Education. Benjamin H. Massey, Ph.D., Professor of Physical Education. Nancy Mearig, M.S., Instructor in Home and Institutional Management. 10 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Bruce L. Melvin, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Sociology. George R. Merrill, B.S., Instructor in Industrial Education. Horace S. Merrill, Ph.D., Associate Professor of History. Madelaine Mershon, Ph.D., Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. Charlton Meyer, B.Mus., Instructor in Music. T. Faye Mitchell, M.S., Professor and Head of Department of Textiles and Clothing. Dorothy R. Mohr, Ph.D., Professor of Physical Education. Virginia D. Moore, M.Ed., Supervisor of Elementary Schools, Anne Arundel County, Maryland. Visiting Lecturer in Education. Delbert T. Morgan, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Botany. Hugh Gerthon Morgan, Ph.D., Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. Earl W. Mounce, LL.M., Professor of Law and Labor. Charles D. Murphy, Ph.D., Professor and Acting Head of Department of English. Ray a. Murray, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Agricultural Education. Boyd L. Nelson, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Business Administration. Clarence A. Newell, Ph.D., Professor of Educational Administration. Lois H. Paradise, M.S., Instructor in Childhood Education. Arthur S. Patrick, M.A., Associate Professor of Office Management and Business Education. Donald Patton, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Geography. Hugh V. Perkins, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. Hugh B. Pickard, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Chemistry. Elmer Plischke, Ph.D., Professor of Government and Politics. Paul R. Poffenberger, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Agricultural Economics and Marketing. Gordon W. Prange, Ph.D., Professor of History. Ernest F. Pratt, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Organic Chemistry. Daniel A. PREscon, Ed.D., Professor and Head of the Institute for Child Study. Robert D. Rappleye, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Botany. Patrick W. Riddleberger, Ph.D., Instructor in History. Alice L. Robinson, M.S., Supervisor of Libraries, Montgomery County, Maryland. Visiting Lecturer in Library Science. Carl L. Rollinson, Ph.D., Professor of Inorganic Chemistry. Franklin R. Root, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Economics. Karl H. Roth, Dr. Rer. Nat., Instructor in Mathematics. Norman R. Roth, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Sociology. Alvin W. Schindler, Ph.D., Professor of Education. John F. Schmidt, Ph.D., Instructor in Sociology. Paul W. Shankweiler, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Sociology. SUMMER SCHOOL 11 Julius C. Shepherd, M.A., Instructor in Mathematics. Gekald a. Smith, M.A., Instructor in English. David S. Sparks, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of History. Mabel S. Spencer, M.S., Assistant Professor of Home Economics Education. Fague Springmann, B.Mus., Associate Professor of Music. Stanley Stahl, M.A., Instructor, State Teachers College, Frostburg, Maryland. Visiting Lecturer in Education. Margaret A. Stant, B.S., Instructor in Childhood Education. Joseph R. Starr, Ph.D., Professor of Government and Politics. Reuben G. Steinmeyer, Ph.D., Professor of Government and Politics. Clara D. Stratemeyer, Ph.D., Elementary Supervisor, Montgomery County Schools, Maryland. Visiting Lecturer in Education. Edward Strickling, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Soils. Calvin A. Stuntz, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Analytical Chemistry. Harold F. Sylvester, Ph.D., Professor of Personnel Administration. Fred Thompson, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. William F. Tierney, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of Industrial Education. Randolph S. Towne, M.A., Assistant Professor of Romance Languages, University of Vermont. Visiting Lecturer in Foreign Languages. Homer Ulrich, M.A., Professor and Head of Department of Music. James A. Van Zwoll, Ph.D., Professor of School Administration. Walter B. Waetjen, Ed.D., Assistant Professor of Education, Institute for Child Study. Sivert M. Wedeberg, M.A., C.P.A., Professor of Accounting. Fred W. Wellborn, Ph.D., Professor of History. Janet A. Wessel, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Physical Education. G. W. Wharton, Ph.D., Professor and Head of Department of Zoology. Gladys A. Wiggin, Ph.D., Professor of Education. June Wilbur, M.S., Assistant Professor of Textiles and Clothing. Earl T. Willis, Ed.D., Chairman, Department of Social Sciences, State Teachers College, Towson, Maryland. Visiting Lecturer in Education. G. Forrest Woods, Ph.D., Professor of Organic Chemistry. W. Gordon Zeeveld, Ph.D., Associate Professor of English. Summer Campus SOUTH GATE On U. S. Highv/ay No. 1, eight miles from Washington, D. C, the proximity of which is of immeasurable advantage to students because of the unusual facilities afforded in the National Capital. SUMMER SCHOOL 13 SUMMER SESSION, 1954 REGISTRATION SCHEDULE AND CALENDAR Registration Time for New Graduate Students Date 1 Time Students Time Students Friday, June 18 1 9:00 A. M. 10:00 A. M. A— E F— K 11 :00 A. M. 1 :00 P. M. L— R S— Z Registration Time for Undergraduate Students and Returning Graduate Students Date 1 Time Students j Time Students Alonday, June 21 8 :30 A. M. 9:30 A. M. 10:30 A. M. T— Z P— S 1^0 1 :00 P. M. 2:00 P. M. 2:30 P. M. G-K D-F A— C To expedite registration, students have been put into groups on the basis of the first letter of the last name. All students should register according to the above schedule. Deans are requested not to sign cards in advance of the scheduled time. June 22, Tuesday Classes begin. June 26, Saturday Classes as usual, Monday Schedule. July 5, Monday No Classes. July 10, Saturday Classes as usual, Monday Schedule. July 30, Friday Close of Summer Session. SUMMER SESSION Wilbur Devilbiss, Ed.D., Director Alma Frothingham, Secretary THE 1954 Summer Session of the University of Maryland will open with registration on Monday, June 21, and extend for six weeks, ending Friday, July 30. In order that there may be 30 class periods for each full course, classes will be held on Saturday, June 26, to make up for time lost on registration day, and Saturday, July 10, to make up for July 4, celebrated as a holiday on July 5. TERM OF ADMISSION AH summer school students must be admitted to the university. This applies to all non-degree as well as degree candidates. Persons not previously admitted should file their applications with Mr. G. W. Algire, Director of Admissions, not later than June 11, 1954. 14 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Graduates of accredited normal schools %vith satisfactory normal school records may be admitted to advanced standing in the College of Education. The objectives of the individual student determine the exact amount of credit allowed. The student is given individual counsel as to the best procedure for fulfilling the requirements for a degree. Candidates for admission to the Graduate School must file applications with the Dean of the Graduate School not later than June 11, and must have transcripts of undergraduate records sent to the Dean of the Graduate School at the time of filing applications for admission. ACADEMIC CREDIT The semester hour is the unit of credit. During the Summer Session a course meeting five times a week for six weeks requiring the standard amount of outside work is given a weight of two semester hours. Students who are matriculated as candidates for degrees will l^e given credit towards the appropriate degree for satisfactory completion o'f courses. All courses ottered in the Summer Session are creditable towards the appropriate degree. Teachers and other students will receive official reports specifying the amount and quality of work completed. These reports will be accepted by the Mary- land State Department of Education and by the appropriate education author- ities in other states for the extensian and renewel of certificates in accordance with their laws and regulations. NORMAL AND MAXIMUM LOADS Six semester hours is the normal load for the Summer Session. Under- graduate students in the College of Education and teachers in service may take a maximum of eight semester hours if they have abo've-average grades. The maximum load for graduate students is six semester hours. For details, see "Tuition and Fees." REGISTRATION Registration for undergraduate and graduate students will take place on Monday, June 21, from 8:30 A.M. to 2:30 P.M. New graduate students should register on Friday, June 18, and should report to the office of the Graduate Dean, 214 Education Building, at the time listed in the Registration Schedule. All students must obtain admission to the University from the Director of Admissions or the Dean of the Graduate School before registration. Undergraduate students who are not candidates for degrees from the Uni- versity of Maryland will register in the office of the Director of the Summer School, Education Building. Regular undergraduate students will register in the offices of their respective deans. After registration forms have been com- SUMMER SCHOOL IS pleted and approved, bills will be issued and fees paid at the offices of the Registrar and Cashier in the Armory. Instruction will begin on Tuesday, June 22, at 8:00 A. M. The late regis- tration fee, beginning Tuesday, June 22, will be $5.00. DEFINITION OF RESIDENCE AND NON-RESIDENCE Students who are minors are considered to be resident students if at the time of their registration their parents have been domiciled in this State for at least one year. The status of the residence of a student is determined at the time of his first registration in the University, and may not thereafter be changed by him unless, in the case of a minor, his parents move to and become legal residents of this State by maintaining such residence for at least one full year. However, the right of the minor student to change from a non-resident to resident status must be established by him prior to the registration period set for any semester. Adult students are considered to be residents if at the time of their regis- tration they have been domiciled in this State for at least one year provided such residence has not been acquired while attending any school or college in Maryland or elsewhere. The word domicile as used in this regulation shall mean the permanent place of abode. For the purpose of this rule only one domicile may be maintained. TUITION AND FEES Undergraduate Students General Tuition Fee, Per Credit Hour $10.00 Non-residence Fee 15.00 Must be paid bj' all students who are not residents of Maryland. Matriculation Fee 10.00 Payable only once, upon admission to the University. Every student must be matriculated. Infirmary Fee 1.00 Recreation Fee 1.00 Required of all students registered in the Summer School. Graduate Students General Tuition Fee, Per Credit Hour $10.00 Matriculation Fee 10.00 Payable only once, upon admission to the Graduate School. 16 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Recreation Fee 1.00 Reciuired of all students registered in the Summer School. Medical attention is not provided for graduate students, con- sequently no Infirmary Fee is charged. There is no non-residence fee for graduate students. Miscellaneous Information Auditors pay the same fees as regular students. The diploma fee is $10.00 for bachelors' and masters' degrees, and $35.00 for doctors' degrees. A fee of $3.00 is charged for each change in program after June 26th. If such change involves entrance to a course, it must be approved by the instructor in charge of the course entered. Courses cannot be dropped after July 10th. A special laboratory fee may be charged for certain courses where such fee is noted in the course description. All laboratory courses in chemistry carry a laboratory fee of $10.00; in addition the student is charged for any apparatus which cannot be returned to the stock room in perfect condition. Other laboratory fees are stated in connection with individual courses. Physical Education for Women, fee $3.00; to be charged for any woman registered in any course or combination of courses in Physical Education involving the use of the Swimming Pool. FEES FOR NURSERY SCHOOL— KINDERGARTEN Children 3 to 6 years $15.00 LIVING ACCOMMODATIONS— MEALS Dormitory accommodations are available as follows: Regular Dormitories (WOMEN), $35 per term (maid service). Regular Dormitories (MEN), $25 per term (no maid service). Board, $68 per term (Regular Dormitory occupants required to eat in University Dining Hall). Temporary Dormitories (MEN), $25 per term (no maid service). (Temporary Dormitory occupants may take their meals off campus.) THE UNIVERSITY DORMITORIES WILL NOT BE OPEN FOR OCCUPANCY UNTIL 12 O'CLOCK NOON, SUNDAY, JUNE 20. Early application for reservations is advisable, as only those who have made reservations will be assured that rooms are ready for their occupancy. Rooms will not be held later than noon of Tuesday, June 22. For reservations write SUMMER SCHOOL 17 to Miss Marian Johnson, Assistant Dean of Women, or Mr. Robert C. James, Men's Dormitory Manager. Do tiot send a deposit for room. Students attending the Summer School and occupying rooms in the dormi- tories will provide themselves with towels, pillows, pillow cases, sheets, blankets, bureau scarf, desk blotter, and waste basket. Trunks for the men's dormitories should be marked with student's name and addressed to "Men's Dormitories." Trunks for the women's dormitories should include name of dormitory and room number if it has been assigned in advance. Trunks sent by express should be prepaid. Cleanliness and neatness of rooms is the responsibility of the individual. OFF-CAMPUS HOUSING Oflf-campus rooms are available. Inquiries concerning them should be addressed to Mr. Doyle Royal, Office of Director of Student Welfare. He will furnish the names of those householders to whom students should write to make their own arrangements. University Cafeteria meal service will be available to those summer school students who are commuting and those who live in oflf-campus houses. The University assumes no responsibility for rooms and board offered to Summer Session patrons outside of the University dormitories and dining room. Eating establishments in the vicinity are inspected by the County Health Service. CANCELLATION OF COURSES Courses may be cancelled if the number of students enrolled is below cer- tain minima. In general, freshman and sophomore courses will not be main- tained for classes smaller than 20. Minimum enrollments for upper level under- graduate courses and graduate courses will be 15 and 10 respectively. WITHDRAWAL AND REFUND OF FEES Any student compelled to leave the University at any time must file an application for withdrawal, bearing the proper signatures, in the office of the Registrar. If this is not done, the student will not be entitled, as a matter of course, to a certificate of honorable dismissal, and will forfeit his right to any refund to which he would otherwise be entitled. The date used in com- puting refunds is the date the application for withdrawal is filed in the office of the Registrar. In the case of a minor, official withdrawal will be permitted only with the written consent of the student's parent or guardian. Students withdrawing from the University will receive a refund of all charges, except board, less the matriculation fee in accordance with the following schedule: Percentage Period from Date Instruction Begins Refundable One week or less 60% Between one and two weeks 20% Over two weeks 18 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Board is refunded only in the event the student withdraws from the Uni- versity. Refund of board is made on a pro-rata, weekly basis. Dining Hall cards issued to boarding students must be surrendered at the Dining Hall office the day of withdrawal. No refunds of fixed charges, lodging, tuition, laboratory fees, etc., are allowed when courses are dropped, unless the student withdraws from the University. STUDENT HEALTH The University Infirmary, located on the campus, in charge of the regular University physician and nurse, provides medical service of a routine nature for the undergraduate students in the Summer Session. Students who are ill should report promptly to the University Infirmary, either in person or by phone (Extension 326). PARKING OF AUTOMOBILES For tlie use of students, staff members, and employees, several parking lots are provided. The University rules forbid the parking of cars on any of the campus roads. These rules are enforced by State police. SUMMER GRADUATE WORK Masters' degrees are offered through the Graduate School as follows: Master of Arts Master of Science Master of Arts in American Civilization Master of Education Master of Business Administration Doctors' degrees offered through the Graduate School are as follows: Doctor of Philosophy Doctor of Education Graduate work in the Summer School may be counted as residence toward a Master's degree or Doctor of Education degree. A full year of residence or the equivalent is the minimum requirement for each degree. The requirements for each of the seven degrees above may be procured from the Graduate School upon request. Special regulations governing graduate work in Education and supplement- ing the statements contained in the Graduate School Announcements are available in duplicated form and may be obtained from the College of Ed- ucation. Each graduate student in Education should have a copy. Students seeking the Master's degree as a qualification for a certificate issued by the Maryland State Department of Education or any other certifying authority should consult the appropriate bulletin for specific requirements. Advisers will assist students in planning to m»et such requirements. SUMMER SCHOOL 19 All students desiring graduate credit, whether for meeting degree require- ments, for transfer to another institution, or for any other purpose, must be regularly matriculated and registered in the Graduate School. CANDIDATES FOR DEGREES All students who expect to complete their requirements for degrees during the Summer Session should make application for diplomas at the office of the Registrar during the first two weeks of the Summer Session. UNIVERSITY BOOKSTORE For the convenience of students, the University maintains a students' supply store, located in the basement of the Administration Building, where students may obtain at reasonable prices textbooks, stationery, classroom materials and equipment. The bookstore operates on a cash basis. NURSERY SCHOOL— KINDERGARTEN A nursery school for children from 3 to 5 years of age and a kindergarten for those from 5 to 6 years operates during the forenoon in Building BB for the duration of the Summer Session. These schools are open to children of the community and to children whose parents are students or teachers in the Summer Session. The enrollment must be limited to the number that can be accommodated in the rooms available. Children will be accepted in the order of the filing of applications, which may be obtained from Miss Edna B. Mc- Naughton, College of Education, College Park, Maryland. Application should be filed before May 15, 1954. Children whose applications have been accepted should be brought to Building BB the morning of June 23. Tuition fees for each child are $15.00 for the session. THE PROGRAM IN AMERICAN CIVILIZATION Work in American Civilization is required of freshmen and sophomores and is offered for election to juniors, seniors, and graduates. Freshmen and sopho- mores study literature, history, sociology, and political science (Eng. 1, 2, and 3, 4 or 5, 6; Hist. 5, 6; Soc. 1; G. & P. 1). Upper class students may elect a combined major-minor in American Civilization stressing literature, history, sociology, or government and politics. Graduate students may take masters' or doctors' degrees in American Civilization. The principal objectives of American Studies are broadly cultural rather than professional; but the work is an excellent preparation for many occupations 20 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND such as teaching, writing, government service, and the law. A major in American Civihzation is especially desirable for students who wish a broad background of knowledge about our country as a preparation for teaching Social Studies, English, or the Core. A student taking that major distributes his study more or less evenly among the various departments which give courses deahng with the American past and present Then in h^^«;";°^ ^^^^ he takes the Conference Course (a "great American books pro-seniina ) which aims particularly to integrate the knowledge he has received. The four de- partments which give most of the classes related to the American Civilization program are: English, Government and Politics, History, and Sociology. The student who is interested in majoring in American Civilization should see the Executive Secretary of the program. Professor Carl Bode. Close correlation with the student's work in the College of Education should result in an ex- ceptionally satisfactory preparation for the prospective teacher. CONFERENCES, INSTITUTES AND WORKSHOPS Institute for Child Study Summer Workshop The Institute for Child Study. College of Education, offers a six-week human development workshop each summer providing opportunities for 1 study and synthesis of scientific knowledge about children and youth; (2) experience in the analysis of case records; (3) preparation of study group leaders for in-service child study programs; (4) planning in-service child study programs for teachers or other human relations workers; (5) planning pre- service teacher education courses and laboratory experiences for prospective teachers; (6) examination of implications of scientific knowledge about human development and behavior for school organization, curriculum development, guidance services, club leadership, and other agencies devoted to fostering the mental health and optimal development of children, youth, and adults. While the workshop is designed mainly for teachers and administrators who have been actively engaged in the Child Study Program sponsored by the Institute or persons who are interested in participating in such a program the experience has meaning for and has proved valuable for persons in other fields where human relations are a vital factor. Inquiries should be addressed to Director, Summer Workshop in Human Development. Institute on Problems of Democracy The Department of Government and Politics offers graduate seminars which make up the program of study of the Institute on Problems of Democracy These courses, referred to elsewhere in these pages, for the study of current domestic and international problems are designed particularly to meet the needs of teachers of the social sciences in secondary schools. Each course carries three hours of graduate credit. Students are required to perform a research project. SUMMER SCHOOL 21 Institute courses give students the possibilit}^ of conference and discussion with men and women actually connected with the problems studied. Each im- portant subject, domestic or international, is introduced by an expert — an American civil servant, a foreign diplomat, a representative of business or industry, or a spokesman of labor organizations. Each course draws upon the talent in which the nearby capital is so rich. Each course is an intensive three-week study of either domestic or foreign problems. In the courses dealing with domestic aflfairs, such problems as the place of organized labor in the national economy are dealt with. Various phases of the problem are discussed by representatives of both labor and the employers. Related subjects, such as social legislation and federal grants- in-aid of state projects, are discussed. In the courses dealing with international affairs, attention is concentrated on the problem areas of the world, the centers of tension. The discussion of each is introduced by a representative of one of the countries of the area, and an attempt is made to include a wide range of political, economic and social information. Institute courses are arranged in a two-year cycle to provide ample oppor- tunity for the study of major problems without duplication of study. The final session of each course is devoted to an analysis of bibliographical material available to teachers of the social sciences and problems of democracy. Instittite of Acarology The recent important discoveries of the role of the A'-arina in the fields of public health and agriculture have emphasized the practical importance of an understanding of all phases of knowledge concerned with mites and tif'ks. Their roles in the epidemiology of the encephalitides, scrub typhus, "q" fever, haemor- rhagic fever, and other diseases, as well as their increased destruction of nlants that has followed the introduction of the newer organic insecticides have broueht them to the attention of an increasing number of entomologists, parasitologists, and zoologists. In order to provide investigators and advan'^ed students with a knowledge of the Acarina, three courses ("see page 56") will be offered from June 21 through July 10 at the University of Maryland. In addition to these courses investigators with active research nroq-rams at the University of Maryland and other nearby laboratories will be invited to participate in the program by presenting lectures in their specialties. Institute of Cosmetology Cosmetology I — July 6-16. Tuition, $50.00 for the course. Cosmetology II— July 19-30. Tuition, $50.00 for the course. The 1954 Institute of Cosmetology offers three courses which are open to cosmetology teachers, owners, operators, and demonstrators. The regular course, which comprises two sessions, may be taken consecutively in one summer, if desired. Cosmetology I covers Hairstyling Technique and Cosmetology II 22 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND offers Hairstyling Design. The academic studies are: Chemistry of Cosmetics, Psychology, Make-up, and Art. Each session is two weeks long, 9:00 A. M. to 5:00 P. M., Monday through Friday, and one-half of the time is spent on hairstyling. Night Course— Hairstyling only. Tuition, $30.00 for the course. The evening course, comprising ten lessons, is open to students within com- muting distance of College Park, and is for hairstyling only. Classes are held Jilonday, Tuesday, and Thursday evenings, 7:00 to 10:00 P. M. Demonstration Course — Tuition, $35.00 for the course. The platform demonstrators' course is open to licensed hairdressers who wish to prepare themselves for work with manufacturers or who desire to qualify 3.5 platform artists. A good educational background and styling experience is required for admission. Students of all courses, except the evening classes, are eligible to live on the University campus. All students have clinical work on live models. Requests for information should be addressed to Mrs. Louise M. Valench, Director, Institute of Cosmetology, 411 North Charles Street, Baltimore 1, Maryland. The Parent-Teacher Association Summer Conference July 12, 13, 14 The College of Education will cooperate with the Maryland Congress of Parents and Teachers in planning their convention to be held this summer on the University campus. Persons of national reputation will be present as speakers and discussion leaders at the conference. COURSE OFFERINGS AND DESCRIPTIONS An "S" before a course number denotes that the course is offered in summer school only. An "S" after a course number indicates a regular course modified for summer school offering. AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND MARKETING A. E. IOCS A-B. Special Problems in Farm Economics (1-1). July 6 to July 23. Part B, 1:00. (Poffenberger.) An advanced course dealing extensively with some of the economic prob- lems affecting the farmer, such as land values, taxation, credit, prices, production adjustments, transportation, marketing and cooperation. Designed for teachers of vocational agriculture. SUMMER SCHOOL 23 A. E. 109. Research Problems (1-2). To be arranged. (Staff.) With the permission of the instructor, students will work on any research problems in agricultural economics. There will be occasional conferences for the purpose of making reports on progress of work. A, E. 200. Special problems in Farm Economics (2). To be arranged. (Staff.) An advanced course dealing extensively with some of the economic problems affecting the farmer, such as land values, taxation, credit, prices, production ad- justments, transportation, marketing and cooperation. A. E. 203. Research. Credit according to work accomplished. (Staff.) Students will be assigned research in agricultural economics under the super- vision of the instructor. The work will consist of original investigation in problems of agricultural economics. AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION AND RURAL LIFE The three-week courses in Agricultural Education and Rural Life which follow are offered primarily for teachers of vocational agriculture, county agents and others interested in the professional and cultural development of rural communities. The normal load in such a program is three courses, which gives three units of credit. The courses of this department are offered in a cycle. By pursuing such a program successfully for four summers, a student will be able to earn 12 semester hours, a minimum major in this field. He could then return for two full summer sessions, or one semester of regular school, or for four more summers of three weeks each, to complete the re- maining 12 hours required for the Master's degree. These courses are arranged to articulate with the three-week courses in Agricultural Economics and Marketing, Agronomy, Animal Husbandry, Botany, Dairy Husbandrj-, Horti- culture and Poultry. In 1954 the three-week period will start on July 6. Classes will meet during the 3rd, 4th and 5th weeks of Summer School. Registration is with regular summer school students on June 18 or June 21, or on July 6 before the student starts attending classes. Classes will be held on Saturday, July 10, in order to provide 15 class periods for each full course. R. Ed. S207 A-B. Problems in Teaching Vocational Agriculture (1-1). July 6 to 2o. Part A. 11:00; 0-138. (Ahalt.) A critical analysis of current problems in the teaching of vocational agri- culture with special emphasis upon recent developments in all-day programs. R. Ed. S208 A-B. Problems in Teaching Farm Mechanics (1-1). Part A. I. Arranged. (Gienger.) This course deals with the latest developments in the teaching of Farm Mechanics. Various methods in use will be compared and studied under labor- atory conditions. 24 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND R. Ed. S211 A-B. Agricultural Extension Service Education (1-1). July 6 to 23. Part B. 2:00; 0-138. (Murray.) Development of the extension service. Types of demonstrations and instruc- tion used. The role of the County Agricultural and Home Demonstration Agents and 4-H Clubs in the development of rural society. R. Ed. S213 A-B. Supervision and Administration of Vocational Agriculture (1-1). July 6 to 23. Part A. 10:00; 0-138. (Murray.) Administrative and supervisory problems in Vocational Agriculture includ- ing scheduling, local administrative programs, supervisor-teacher relationships, organizational problems and the responsibilities of county superintendents and principals in the program. R. Ed. 215. Supervision of Student Teaching (1). Arranged (Ahalt.) A workshop concerning the role of the critic teacher in checking progress, supervising and grading student teachers. Particular emphasis will be given to the region-wide program in training teachers of vocational agriculture, includ- ing the evaluation of beginning teachers. R. Ed. 220. Field Problems in Rural Education (1-3). Prerequisite, six se- mester hours of graduate study. Arranged 0-138. (Ahalt, Murray.) Problems accepted depend upon the character of the work of the student and the facilities available for study. Periodic conferences required. Final report must follow accepted pattern for field investigations. R. Ed. 251. Research. (Staff.) Credit according to work done. Also see A. E. lOOS, Agron. SllO and P. H. Sill. AGRONOMY A. CROPS Agron. 208. Research Methods in Agronomy (2). (Staff.) Development of research viewpoint by detailed study and report on crop research of the Maryland Experiment Station, review of literature, or original work by the student on specific phases of a problem. Agron. 209. Crop Research (1-8). (Staff.) Credit according to work accomplished. With approval or suggestion of the head of the department the student will choose his own problems for study. B. SOILS Agron. SllO. Soil Management (1). July 6 to 23. 8:00; E-23. (Strickling.) An advanced course primarily designed for teachers of Vocational Agricul- ture and county agents dealing with factors involved in management of soils SUMMER SCHOOL 25 in general and of Maryland soils in particular. Emphasis is placed on methods of maintaining and improving chemical, ph3^sical, and biological characteristics of soils. Illustrations with conservation practices receive particular attention. Agron. 118. Special Problems in Soils (1). Prerequisite, Agron. 10 and permission of instructor. (Staff.) A detailed study including a written report of an important soils problem. Agron. 256. Soil Research (1-8). (StaflE.) ANIMAL HUSBANDRY A. H. 172. Special Problems in Animal Husbandry (1-2). Work assigned in proportion to amount of credit. Prerequisite, permission of instructor. (Leflfel.) A course designed for advanced undergraduates in which specific problems relating to Animal Husbandry will be assigned. A. H. 201. Special Problems in Animal Husbandry (1-2). Work assigned in proportion to amount of credit. Prerequisite, permission of instructor. (Kerr.) Problems will be assigned which relate specifically to the character of work the student is pursuing. A. H. 204. Research (1-6). Credit to be determined by amount and char- acter of work done. (Green.) With the approval of the head of the department, students will be required to pursue original research in some phase of Animal Husbandry, carrying the same to completion, and report the results in the form of a thesis. BACTERIOLOGY Bact. 1. General Bacteriology (4). Five lectures and five two-hour laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 8:00; T-211; lal)oratory, 9:00, 10:00; T-311. Labor- atory fee, $10.00. (Laffer.) The physiology, culture, and diflferentiation of bacteria. Fundamental prin- ciples of microbiology in relation to man and his environment. Bact. 5. Advanced General Bacteriology (4). Five lectures and five two- hour laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 9:00; T-219; laboratory, 10:00 11:00: T-307. Prerequisite, Bact. 1 and Chem. 3. Laboratory fee, $10.00. (Doetsch.) Emphasis will be given to the fundamental procedures and techniques used in the field of bacteriology. Lectures will consist of the explanation of various laboratory procedures. 26 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Bact. 181. Bacteriological Problems (3). Eight two-hour laboratory periods a week. To be arranged. Prerequisite 16 credits in bacteriology. Registration only upon consent of the instructor. Laboratory fee $10.00. (Faber.) This course is arranged to provide qualified majors in bacteriology, and majors in allied fields an opportunity to pursue specific bacteriological problems under the supervision of a member of the department. Bact. 291. Research. Prerequisite, 30 credits in bacteriology. Laboratory fee, $10.00. (Staflf.) Credits according to work done. The investigation is outlined in consultation with and pursued under the supervision of a senior staff member of the depart- ment. BOTANY Bot. 1. General Botany (4). Five lectures and five two-hour laboratory periods per week. Lecture 8:00, E-214; laboratory 1:00, 2:00, E-235. Laboratory fee, $5.00. (Brown, Staff.) General introduction to botany touching briefly on all phases of the subject. Emphasis is on the fundamental biological principles of the higher plants. Bot. 206. Research in Plant Physiology. (Credit according to work done). (Gauch, Dugger, Krauss.) Bot. 214. Research in Plant Cytology and Morphology. (Credit according to work done.) (Morgan, Rappleye.) Bot. 225. Research in Plant Pathology. (Credit according to work done.) (Jeffers, Cox.) BUSINESS AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION B. A. 20. Principles of Accounting (4). Daily 8:00, 9:00; Q-28. Pre- requisite, sophomore standing. (Wedeberg.) The fundamental principles and problems involved in accounting for proprietor- ships, corporations and partnerships. B. A. 111. Intermediate Accounting (3). Daily 8:00, M., W., F., 9:00; Q-29A. Prerequisite, B. A. 21. (Lee.) A comprehensive study of the theory and problems of valuation of assets, ap- plication of funds, corporation accounts and statements, and the interpretation of accounting statements. B. A. 130. Elements of Business Statistics (3). Daily 8:00, M., W., F., 9:00; SUMMER SCHOOL 27 Q-243. Prerequisite, junior standing. Required for graduation. Laboratory fee, $3.50. (Nelson.) This course is devoted to a study of the fundamentals of statistics. Emphasis is placed upon the collection of data; hand and machine tabulation; graphic charting; statistical distribution; averages; index numbers; sampling; elementary tests of reliability; and simple correlations. B. A. 140. Financial Management (3). Daily 8:00, "m., W., F., 9:00; Q-146. Prerequisite, Economics 140. (Calhoun.) This course deals with principles and practices involved in the organization, financing, and reconstruction of corporations; the various types of securities, and their use in raising funds, apportioning income, risk and control; inter- corporate relations; and new developments. Emphasis on solution of problems of financial policy faced by management. B.A. 160. Personnel Management (3). Daily 10:00. M., W., P., 11:00; Q-148. Prerequisite, Economics 160. (Sylvester.) This course deals essentially with functional and administrative relationships between management and the labor force. It comprises a survey of the scientific selection of employees, "in-service" training, job analysis, classification and rating, motivation of emploj^ees, employee adjustment, wage incentives, em- ployee discipline and techniques of supervision, and elimination of employment hazards. B.A. 181. Business Law (4). Daily 10:00, 11:00; Q-30. Prerequisite, senior standing. Required in all Business Administration curriculums. (Mounce.) Legal aspects of business relationships, contracts, negotiable instruments, agency, partnerships, corporations, real and personal property and sales. Econ. 5. Economic Developments (2). Daily 10:00; Q-147. Prerequisite, None. (Root.) An introduction to modern economic institutions — their origins, develop- ment, and present status. Commercial revolution, industrial revolution, and age of mass production. Emphasis on developments in England, Western Europe and the United States. Econ. 31. Principles of Economics (3), Daily 8:00, M., W., F., 9:00; Q-147. Prerequisite, sophomore standing. (Gruchy.) A general analysis of the functioning of the economic system. A considerable portion of the course is devoted to a study of basic concepts and explanatory principles. The remainder deals with the major problems of the economic system. Econ. 32. Principles of Economics (3). Daily 12:00, M., W., F., 1:00; Q-30. Prerequisite, Econ. 31. (Grayson.) 28 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Econ. 140. Money and Banking (3). Daily 8:00, M., W., F., 9:00; Q-148. Prerequisite Econ. ^2 or 2>7 . (Gurley.) A study of the organization, functions, and operation of our monetary, credit, and banking system; the relation of commercial banking to the Federal Reserve System; the relation of money and credit to prices; domestic and foreigfn exchange and the impact of public policy upon banking and credit. Econ. 150. Marketing Principles and Organization (3). Daily 10:00, M., W., F., 11:00; Q-146. Prerequisite, Econ. 32 or 2>7. (Root.) This is an introductory course in the field of marketing. Its purpose is to give a general understanding and appreciation of the forces operating, in- stitutions employed, and methods followed in marketing agricultural products, natural products, services, and manufactured goods. Econ. 160. Labor Economics (3). Daily 12:00, M., W., F., 1:00; Q-146. Pre- requisite, Econ. 32 or 2)7. (Staff.) Tlie historical development and chief characteristics of the American Labor movement are first surveyed. Present day problems are then examined in detail; wage theories, unemployment, social security; labor organization, col- lective bargaining. CHEMISTRY All laboratory courses in chemistry carry a laboratory fee of $10.00; in addition the student is charged for any apparatus which cannot be returned to the stock room in perfect condition. Chem. 3. General Chemistry (4). Five lectures and five three-hour labor- atorj' periods per week. Prerequisite, Chem. 1. Lecture, 11:00, C-21S; laboratory, 1, 2, 3, C-120. (Rollinson.) Chem. 19. Quantitative Analysis (4). Five lectures and five three-hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite, Chem. 1 and 3. Lecture, 9:00, C-215: laboratory 10, 11, 12, C-306. (Stuntz.) Chem. 37. Elementary Organic Chemistry (2). Second semester. Five lectures per week. Prerequisite, Chem. 35. 8:00, C-221. (Woods.) Chem. 38. Elementary Organic Laboratory (2). Second semester. Five three-hour laboratory periods per week. 9, 10, 11, C-221. (Woods.) Chem. 142, 144. Advanced Organic Laboratory (2, 2), Five three-hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisites, Chem. 19 or 23 and Chem. Z7 and 38. Laboratory periods arranged. C-206.) (Pratt.) Chem. 192, 194. Glassblowing Laboratory (1, 1). Three one-hour labor- atory periods per week. Arranged. B-3. (Carruthers.) SUMMER SCHOOL 29 Chem. 254. Advanced Organic Preparations (2 to 4). Five or ten three- hour laboratory periods per week. Laboratory periods arranged. C-206. (Pratt.) Chem. 258. The Identification of Organic Compounds, an advanced course (2 or 4). Five or ten three-hour laboratory periods per week. Laboratory periods arranged. C-208. Two recitations per week. Arranged. (Pratt.) Chem. 295. Heterogenous Equilibria (2). Five lectures per week, 9:00; Y 18. (Pickard.) Chem 360. Research. (Staff.) DAIRY Dairy 204. Special Problems in Dairying (1-5). First and second semesters. Prerequisite, pemission of Professor in ciiarge of work. (Beck.) Dairy 208. Research (3-8.) Credit to be determined by amount and quality of work done. (Beck.) EDUCATION ELEMENTARY— SECONDARY Ed. 52. Children's Literature (2). 8:00; T-218. (Bryan.) A study of literary values in prose and verse for children. Ed. 90. Development and Learning (3). Daily 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; T-12. (Willis.) A study of the principles of learning and their application to school situations. Designed to meet the usual teacher-certification requirement for educational psychology. Ed. 102. History of Education in the United States (2). 11:00; T-4 (Wiggin.) A study of the origins and development of the chief features of the present system of education in the United States. Ed. 107. Philosophy of Education (2). 8:00; T-4. (Wiggin.) A study of the great educational philosophers and systems of thought affecting the development of modern education. Ed. 121. The Language Arts in the Elementary School (2). 10:00; T-S. (Stahl.) This course is concerned with present trends in the teaching of reading, spelling, handwriting, written and oral language, and creative expression. Special emphasis is given to the use of the skills in meaningful situations having real significance to the pupils. Ed. 122. The Social Studies in the Elementary School (2). 11:00; T-102. (L. Denecke.) 30 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND The emphasis in this course is on pupil growth through social experiences. Consideration is given to the utilization of environmental resources, curriculum, organization and methods of teaching, and evaluation of newer methods and materials in the field. Ed. 124. Arithmetic in the Elementary School (2). 9:00; T-103. (Blacklock.) The emphasis in this course is on materials and procedures which help pupils sense arithmetical meanings and relationships. The content also helps teachers gain a better understanding of the number system and arithmetical processes. Ed. 125. Creative Expression in the Elementary School (2). This course allows for specialization in selected phases of creative arts. Section 1 is a laboratory course in creative art. Section 2 is concerned with choral speaking, dramatization, and other creative activities in language arts. Section 1— Art M., W., 1:00-3:30; T-18. (Jobes.) Section 2— The Language Arts— T. Th., 1:00-3:30; T-18. (L. Denecke.) Ed. 127. Teaching in Elementary Schools (6). Daily, 0:00, 10:00, 11:00; T-219. (Allen.) This course provides a comprehensive view of teaching in elementary schools. There is emphasis on planning the sequence of activities during the school day, basic teaching strategies, techniques of pupil-teacher ])lanning, grouping of pupils, management of routine, cooperation with supervisors and administrators, teacher- parent and teacher-pupil relations, and analysis of instructional materials. *Ed. 130. Theory of the Junior High School (2). 9:00; T-8. (Baker.) This course gives a general overview of the junior high school. It includes consideration of the purposes, functions, and characteristics of this school unit; a study of its population, organization, program of studies, methods, staff and other similar topics, together with their implications for prospective teachers. *Ed. 131. Theory of the Senior High School (2). 9:00; T-8. (Baker.) The secondary school population; the school as an instrument of society; relation of the secondary school to other schools; aims of secondary education; curriculum and methods; extra-curricular activities; guidance and placement; teacher certification and employment in Maryland and the District of Columbia. Ed. 134. Materials and Procedure for the High School Core Curriculum (2). 9:00; T-20. (Hovet.) This course is designed to bring practical suggestions to teachers who are in charge of core classes in junior and senior high schools. Materials and teaching procedures for specific units of work are stressed. Ed. 141. High School Course of Study-English (2). 10:00; T-218. (Bryan.) •Credit is accepted for Ed. 130 or Ed. 131, but not for both courses. SUMMER SCHOOL 31 This course is concerned with the selection and organization of content for EngHsh classes in secondary schools. Subject matter is analyzed to clarify controversial elements of form, style, and usage. Ed. 142. High School Course of Study-Literature (2). 11:00; T-218. (Bryan.) Literature adapted to the various grade levels of junior and senior high schools is studied. Ed. 145. Principles of High School Teaching (3). Daily 11:00; M., T., W., 12:00; T-12. (Willis.) This course is concerned with the principles and methods of teaching but includes no student teaching. Ed. 147. Audio-Visual Education (2). Fee, $1.C0. (Maley.) Section 1—8:00; P-306. Section 2—11:00; P-306. Sensory impressions in their relation to learning; projection apparatus, its cost and operation; slides, film-strips, and films; physical principles underlying projection; auditory aids to instruction; field trips; pictures, models, and graphic materials; integration of sensory aids with organized instruction. Ed. 150. Educational Measurement (2). 9:U0; £-102. (Brechbill.) A study of tests and examinations with emphasis upon their construction and use. Types of tests; purposes of testing; elementary statistical concepts, and processes used in summarizing and analyzing test results; school marks. Ed. 153. The Improvement of Reading (2). Section lA— 10:00; T-103. (Blacklock.) Section 1-B— 8:00; T-103. (Moore.) Section 2—8:00; T-119. (Schindler.) Section 1. This section will be concerned with developmental reading in- struction in elementary schools, with emphasis on materials and procedures for the primary grades. Attention will be given to reading readiness, use of experience records, procedures in using basal readers, the program in word analysis, selection and use of children's literature, the organization of activity units to promote reading skills, development of reading-study skills, and pro- cedures for determining individual needs. Section 2. The major topics to be considered in Section 2 are similar to those listed above for Section 1, but they will be taken up with special reference to reading instruction in the intermediate grades and secondary schools. Further- more, in Section 2, more attention will be given to materials and procedures for remedial reading instruction. 32 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Ed. 160. Educational Sociology— Introductory (2). 10:00; R-6. (Roth.) This course deals with data of the social sciences which are germane to the work of teachers. Consideration is given to implications of democratic ideology for educational endeavor, educational tasks imposed hy changes in population and technological trends, the welfare status of pupils, the socio-economic attitudes of individuals who control the schools, and other elements of community back- ground which have significance in relation to schools. Ed. 161. Principles of Guidance (2). 11:00; T-211. (Byrne.) A survey course of guidance principles and techniques, and the administration of a program of guidance services. The basic course for counseling majors. A course of value for teachers at any level so they will understand their part in their schools' guidance activities. Ed. 162. Mental Hygiene in the Classroom (2). (M. Denecke). Section 1— 8:00; T-102. Section 2—10:00; T-102. The practical application of the principles of mental hygiene to classroom problems. Ed. 170. Introduction to Special Education (2). 10:00; T-8. (Baker.) This course is designed to give teachers, principals, attendance workers, and supervisors an understanding of the needs of all types of exceptional children. Preventive and remedial measures are stressed. Ed. 188. Special Problems in Education (1-3). Prerequisite, consent of instructor. Not required. Available to mature students only. Individual study of approved problems of special interest to student. (Staff.) NOTE: Course cards must have the title of the problem and the name of the faculty member who has approved it. Ed. 207. Seminar in History and Philosophy of Education (2). 9:00; T-4. (Wiggin.) Ed. 210. The Organization and Administration of Public Education (2). (Newell.) Section 1—9:00; T-119. Section 2—10:00; T-119. This course deals with so-called "external" phases of school administration. It includes study of the present status of public school administration, organiza- tion of local, state, and federal educational authorities; and the administrative relationships involved therein. Ed. 211. The Organization, Administration, and Supervision of Secondary Schools (2). 8:00; T-8. (Baker.) This course is designed as a continuation of Ed. 210, but may be taken independently. It includes what is called "internal" administration; the organ- SUMMER SCHOOL 33 ization of units within a school system; the personnel problems involved; and such topics as schedule making, teacher selection, public relations, and school supervision. Ed. 214. School Buildings and Equipment (2). ^JiUO; T-6. (Van Zwoll.) An orientation course in which school plant and plant planning are con- sidered as contributing to instruction programs. This course supplies the basis for analyzing existing plant, for determining need for new plant, for selecting and developing school building sites, and for planning school building. Theory is put into practice in the development of line drawings for school building design in terms of the instructional program. Opportunity is provided to work on specific equipment problems. Ed. 216. High School Supervision (2). 11:00; T-20. Fee, $1.00. (Hovet.) This course deals with recent trends in supervision; the nature and function of supervision; planning supervisory programs; evaluation and rating; participation of teachers and other groups in policy development; school workshops, and other means for the improvement of instruction. Ed. 217. Administration and Supervision in Elementary Schools (2). 8:00; T-12. (Adams.) A study of the problems connected with organizing and operating elementary schools and directing instruction. Ed. 219. Seminar in School Administration (2). 11:00; T-8. (Newell.) Ed. 225. School Public Relations (2). 8:00; T-6. (Van Zwoll.) A study of the relationships between the public school as a social institution and the community of which it is a part. This course deals with the agents who participate in the interpretative process, with propaganda and the schools, with parent-teacher associations and other lay advisory groups, and with such means of publicity as the newspaper, radio, and school publications. Ed. 226. Child Accounting (2). 10:00; T-6. (Van Zwoll.) An inquiry into the keeping of essential records pertaining to the pre-school, school, and post-school life of individuals. This course explores the area of child accounting in terms of need, development, and current practice in local districts and in the state. Census taking, individual record practices, and ad- ministrative record procedures are taken into consideration. Ed. 229. Seminar in Elementary Education. (2). 10:00; T-4. (Schindler.) Attention will be centered on selected problems in curriculum making, teaching, and child development. Members of the class may concentrate on seminar papers, prepare materials for their schools, or read extensively to dis- cover viewpoints and research data on problems and experimental practices. Ed. 235. Curriculum Development in Elementary Schools (2). 9:00; T-S. (Stratemeyer.) 34 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND This course is concerned with problems ordinarily encountered in curriculum evaluation and revision. Attention is given to sociological and philosophical factors which influence the curriculum, principles for the selection and organiza- tion of content and learning activities, patterns of the curriculum organization, construction and use of courses of study, the utilization of personnel for cur- riculum development, and controversial curriculum issues. Ed. 236. Curriculum Development in the Secondary School (2) 1U:1)U; T-2U. (Hovet.) Curriculum planning; philosophical bases, objectives, learning experiences, organization of appropriate content, and means of evaluation. Ed. 242. Coordination in Work-Experience Programs (2). 11:00; P-22I. (Brown.) This course surveys and evaluates the qualifications and duties of a teacher- coordinator in a work-experience program. It deals particularly with evolving patterns in city and county schools in Maryland, and is designed to help teacher- coordinators, guidance counselors, and others in the supervisory and adminis- trative personnel concerned wath functioning relationships of part-time co- operative education in a comprehensive educational program. Ed. 243. Application of Theory and Research to Arithmetic in Elementary Schools (2). 11:00; T-103. (Blacklock.) Implications of experimental practices, the proposals of eminent writers, and the results of research for the teaching of arithmetic in elementary schools. Ed. 244. Application of Theory and Research to Language Arts in Elemen- tary Schools (2). 8:00; T-5. (Stratemeyer.) Implications of experimental practices, the proposals of eminent writers, and the results of research for the language arts in the elementary schools. Ed. 246. Application of Theory and Research to the Social Studies in Elementary Schools (2). 11:00; T-5. (Stratemeyer.) The results of research, viewpoints on what the content and organization of the social studies program should be, and important curriculum trends are analyzed critically for their implications. Ed. 248. Seminar in Industrial Arts and Vocational Education (2). (See Ind. Ed. 248.) (Brown.) Ed. 250. Analysis of the Individual (2). 8:00; R-110. (Carl) To provide guidance workers and teachers with proficiencies in identifying aptitudes, interests, temperaments and other essential characteristics of each individual through various techniques. Records pertinent to individual analysis and their interpretation will be studied. Ed. 161 is desirable as a prior course. Required of counseling majors. Ed. 253. Guidance Information (2). 11:00; R-110. (Carl) SUMMER SCHOOL 35 To provide guidance workers and others interested with proficiencies for finding and presenting to pupils information pupils need in making choices, plans, and interpretations in major problem areas, such as social, occupational, and educational problems. Required of counseling majors. Ed. 161 is desirable as a prior course. Ed. 260. Principles of School Counseling (2). Prerequisites, Ed. 161, 250, 253, for majors. Prerequisites may be waived by instructor. 10:00; T-211. (Byrne.) A basic course for counselors in public schools in the theories of counseling and study of techniques. Emphasis is on study of techniques used with pre- adolescents and adolescents. Ed. 263. Aptitude and Aptitude Testing (2). 9:00, R-UO. (Carl.) Ed. 269. Seminar in Guidance (2). Registration only by approval of instructor. 8:00; T-211. (Byrne.) For majors in guidance who are about to complete certification or degree requirements. Reports and discussions on advanced reading and studies in the field of guidance. Ed. 288. Special Problems in Education (1-6). Arranged. (Staff.) Master of Education or Doctoral candidates who desire to pursue special research problems under the direction of their advisers may register for one to six hours of credit under this number. A Master of Education candidate may register for two or more hours under this number and write one of his seminar papers. Note: Course cards must have the title of the problem and the name of the faculty member who has approved it. Ed. 289. Research -Thesis (1-6). (Staff.) Students who desire credit for a Master's thesis, a Doctoral dissertation, or a Doctoral project should use this number. BUSINESS EDUCATION B. Ed. 101. Methods and Materials in Teaching Office Skills (2). 9:00; Q-246. (Patrick.) Problems in development of occupational competency, achievement tests, standards of achievement, instructional materials, transcription, and the integra- tion of office skills. B. Ed. 102. Methods and Materials in Teaching Bookkeeping and Related Subjects (2). 10:00; Q-246. (Patrick.) Important problems and procedures in the mastery of bookkeeping and related office knowledges and skills including a consideration of materials and teaching procedures. 36 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND B. Ed. 200. Administration and Supervision of Business Education (2). 11:00; Q-246. (Patrick.) Major emphasis on departmental organization, curriculum, equipment, budget making, guidance, placement and follow-up, visual aids and the in-service training of teachers. For administrators, supervisors, and teachers of Inisiness subjects. CHILDHOOD EDUCATION C. E. 140. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation-Nursery School (3). 8:00; BB. Three observations a week in University Nursery School. Pre- requisite, C. Ed. 100 and 101, or C. Ed. 110 or equivalent. (Paradise.) Standards and organization of nursery school; study of age levels and methods of guidance; selection and use of equipment; observation in the University Nursery School. C. Ed. 149. Teaching Nursery School (4). Daily, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00; BB. Conference hours arranged. Laboratory Fee, $30.00. (Paradise.) Teaching experience in the University Nursery School. NOTE: Advanced registration is advised for those wishing to do student teaching. C. E. 150. Curriculum, Instruction, and Observation-Kindergarten (3). Five lectures a week, daily, 8:00; BB-8. Three hours observation in the University Kindergarten each week, 9:00 to 12 and one conference per week. (Stant.) A study of the many activities of the kindergarten program with emphasis on maturity levels and various aspects of child development. C. Ed. 159. Teaching Kindergarten (3-4). Daily, 9:00, 10:00, 11:00. Con- ference hours arranged. Laboratory Fee, $30.00. (Stant.) Student teaching in the University Kindergarten. Advanced registration required by May 15th. HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION H. E. Ed. 102. Problems in Teaching Home Economics (3). 8:00; T-20; other meetings arranged. Required of seniors in Home Economics Education. Prerequisite, consent of instructor. (Spencer.) A study of the managerial aspects of teaching and administering a home- making program; the physical environment, organization, and sequence of in- structional units, resource materials, evaluation, home projects. Note: This course is also open to elementary teachers who, in their in- structional and administrative responsibilities, are concerned with health and nutrition. Special emphasis on methods and instructional materials. H. E. Ed. 120. Evaluation of Home Economics (2). Prerequisite, H. E. Ed. 140. 9:00; T-218. (Spencer.) SUMMER SCHOOL 11 The meaning and function of evaluation in education; the development of a plan for evaluating a homemaking program with emphasis upon types of evalua- tion devices, their construction, and use. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION H. D. Ed. 112, 114, 116. Scientific Concepts in Human Development I, II, III (3, 3, 3). H. D. Ed. 113, 115, 117. Laboratory in Behavior Analysis I, II, III, (3, 3. 3). Summer workshop courses for undergraduates. In any one summer, concept and laboratory courses must be taken concurrently. H. D. Ed. 200S. Introduction to Human Development and Child Study (2). 8:00; T-17. This course offers a general overview of the scientific principles which describe human development and behavior and makes use of these principles in the study of individual children. When this course is offered during the academic year, each student will observe and record the behavior of an in- dividual child through the semester and must have one half-day a week free for this purpose. The course is basic to further work in child study and serves as a prerequisite for advanced courses where the student has not had field work or at least six weeks of workshop experience in child study. When this course is offered during the summer it will be H. D. 200S and intensive laboratory work with case records may be substituted for the study of an individual child. H. D. Ed. 212, 214, 216. Advanced Scientific Concepts in Human Develop- ment, I, II, III (3, 3, 3). H. D. Ed. 213, 215, 217. Advanced Laboratory in Behavior Analysis I, II, III (3, 3, 3). Summer workshop courses for graduates providing credit for as many as three workshops. In any one summer, concept and laboratory courses must be taken concurrently. H. D. Ed. 218. Workshop in Human Development (6). Prerequisites, H. D. Ed. 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217. Summer workshop in human development for graduate students who have had three workshops and wish additional workshop experience. This course can be taken any number of times, but cannot be used as credit toward a degree. H. D. Ed. 270. Seminars in Special Topics in Human Development (2-6). Arranged. (Staff.) An opportunity for advanced students to focus in depth on topics of special interest growing out of their basic courses in human development. Prerequisites, consent of instructor. • 38 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION The technical courses which are ofifered are intended for industrial arts teachers, for arts and crafts teachers and for adult education leaders. Elementary school teachers should find Ind. Ed. 9: "Art Crafts I" highly pertinent to their classroom needs. The professional courses are open to industrial arts teachers and supervisors, to vocational-industrial teachers and supervisors, to school administrators and to other graduate students whose planned programs include work in this area. The Industrial Education Department will continue to sponsor a series of Thursday noon luncheons. Outstanding speakers will address the luncheon groups. All summer school students are invited to attend these meetings. Ind. Ed. 9. Art Crafts I (2)— 8:00, 9:00; P-214. (Tierney.) The materials used in Art Crafts I are wood, metal, leather, and plastics. Each student is provided the opportunity of doing a variety of types of work in the four media. Laboratory fee, $5.00. Ind. Ed. 33— Automotives I (3)— 8:00, 9:00 and M, W, F at 1:00; P-120. (Merrill.) Automotives I is a study of the fundamentals of internal combustion engines as applied to transportation. A study of basic materials and methods used in the automotive industry is included. Shop practices are built around the maintenance and minor repair of automobiles and smaller motor driven apparatus. Laboratory fee, $7.50. Ind. Ed. 34. Graphic Arts I (3)— 10:00, 11:00 and T, Th. F at 1:00; P-201. (Tierney.) An introductory course involving experiences in letterpress and offset printing practices. The course includes typographical design, hand composition, proof reading, stock preparation, offset plate making, imposition, lock-up, presswork, linoleum block cutting, paper marbleizing, and bookbinding. Lab- oratory fee, $7.50. Ind. Ed. 124a, b. Organized and Supervised Work Experience (3 credits for each internship period, total: 6 credits). (Merrill.) This is a work experience sequence planned for students enrolled in the curriculum, "Education for Industry." The purpose is to provide the students with opportunities for first-hand experiences with business and industry. The student is responsible for obtaining his own employment with the coordinator advising him as regards the job opportunities which have optimum learning value. The nature of the work experience desired is outlined at the outset of employment and the evaluations made by the student and the coordinator are based upon the planned experiences. The time basis for each internship period is 6, forty-hour weeks or 240 work SUMMER SCHOOL 39 hours. Any one period of internship must be served through continuous employment in a single estabHshment. Two internship periods are required. The two internships may be served with the same business or industry. The completion for credit of any period of internship requires the em- ployer's recommendation in terms of satisfactory work and work attitudes. More complete details are found in the handbook prepared for the student of this curriculum. Ind. Ed. 150. Training Aids Development (2)— 10:00: P-306. (Maley.) Study of the aids in common use as to their source and application. Special emphasis is placed on principles to be observed in making aids useful to shop teachers. Actual construction and application of such devices will he required. Ind. Ed. 165. Modern Industry (2)— 11:00; P-300. (Hornbake.) This course provides an overview of manufacturing industry in the American social, economic, and culture pattern. Representative basic industries are studied from the viewpoints of personnel and management organization, industrial relations, production procedures, distribution of products, and the like. Ind. Ed. 207. Philosophy of Industrial Arts Education (2)— 9:00; P-221. (Hornbake.) This course is intended to assist the student in his development of a point of view as regards Industrial Arts and its relationship with the total educational program. He should, thereby, have a "yardstick" for appraising current pro- cedures and proposals and an articulateness for his own professional area. Ind. Ed. 240. Research in Industrial Arts and Vocational Education (2)— Arranged. (Staff.) This is a course offered by arrangement for persons who are conducting research in the areas of Industrial Arts and Vocational Education. Ind. Ed. 248. Seminar in Industrial Arts and Vocational Education (2). 10:00; P-221. (Hornbake.) SCIENCE EDUCATION *Sci. Ed. 1. Science for the Primary Grades (2). Laboratory fee, $1.00. Not offered in 1954. This course considers the characteristics of elementary school children in grades one through three. Selecting, organizing, and presenting science ma- terials appropriate to this level is done in relation to these characteristics. •Students may receive credit for both Sci. Ed. 1 and Sci. Ed. 2 or Sci. Ed. 3 and Sci. Ed. 4, but no other combination of these courses is accepted. 40 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND *Sci. Ed. 2. Science of the Primary Grades (2). Laboratory fee, $1.00. 11:00; T-10. (Crook.) This is a continuation of the previous course, using different subject matter areas to provide a wider range of experiences. *Sci. Ed. 3. Science for the Upper Elementary Grades (2). Laboratory fee, $1.00. Not offered in 1954. This course is designed to meet the needs of teachers of grades four, five and six by providing background material from selected phases of science which can contribute to these levels. Special attention will be given to materials of the local environment. *Sci. Ed. 4. Science for the Upper Elementary Grades (2). Laboratory fee, $1.00. 9:00; T-10. (Crook.) This is a continuation of the previous course, using different subject matter materials to provide a wider background of experiences. Sci. Ed. 105. Workshop in Science for Elementary Schools (2). Labora- tory fee $2.00. AT., W., 1:00-3:30; T-10. (Crook.) This course gives teachers an opportunity to acquire science understandings and to develop materials which are of practical value. The emphasis is on content closely related to science units developed in elementary schools. Enrollment limited to 25 students. ENGLISH Eng. 1, 2. Composition and American Literature (3, 3). Eight periods a week. Eng. 1 is the prerequisite of Eng. 2. (Gravely and Staflf.) Eng. 1— Section 1— Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-209. Section 2— Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-209. Eng. 2— Section 1— Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-17. Section 2— Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-17. Eng. 3, 4. Composition and World Literature (3, 3). Eight periods a week. Prerequisite, Eng. 1, 2. (Cooley and Staff.) Eng. 3— Section 1— Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-18. Section 2— Daily, 10:00; AL, W., F., 11:00; A-18. ♦Students may receive credit for both Sci. Ed. 1 and Sci. Ed. 2 or Sci. Ed. 3 and Sci. Ed. 4, but no other combination of these courses is accepted. SUMMER SCHOOL 41 Eng. 4 — Section 1— Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-204. Section 2— Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-204. Eng. 8 S. College Grammar (2). 8:00; A-133. Prerequisite, Eng. 1, 2. (Harman.) An analytical study of Modern English grammar, with lectures on the origin and history of inflectional and derivational forms. Eng. 115 S. Shakespeare (2). 11:00, A-106. Prerequisite, Eng. 1, 2 and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Zeeveld.) Outstanding plays to Shakespeare's mid-career. Eng. 125 S. Literature of the Eighteenth Century (2). 10:00; A-212. Pre- requisite, Eng. 1, 2 and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Aldridge.) Special attention to major writers and to the historical and philosophical background. Eng. 151 S. American Literature to 1900 (2). 9:00; A-133. Prerequisite, Eng. 1, 2 and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Bode.) This second half of a year course considers American poetry and prose after 1850. Eng. 157 S. Introduction to Folklore (2). 12:00; A-17. Prerequisite, Eng. 1, 2 and 3, 4 or 5, 6. (Cooley.) Historical background of folklore studies; types of folklore with particular emphasis on folktales and folksongs, and on American folklore. Eng. 200. Research (1-6). Arranged. (Murphy and Stafif.) ENTOMOLOGY Ent. 1. Introductory Entomology (3). Lecture daily 1:00; Symons Hall. Laboratory, M., W., F., 2:00, 3:00; Symons Hall. Fee $3.00. (Haviland.) The position of insects in the animal kingdom, their gross structure, classifica- tion into orders and principal families and the general economic status of insects. A collection of common insects is required. Ent. 11 S. Entomology in Nature Study (3). Not offered in 1954. Ent. 110, 111. Special Problems (1, 1). Prerequisites to be determined by instructor. Arranged. (Cory.) An intensive investigation of some entomological problem, preferably of the student's choice. Required of majors in entomology. Ent. 201. Advanced Entomology. Credit and prerequisites to be deter- mined by the department. To be arranged. (Cory and StaflF.) Studies of minor problems in morphology, taxonomy and applied entomology, with particular reference to the preparation of the students for individual research. 42 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Ent 202. Research. Credit depends upon the amount of work done. To be arranged. (Cory and Staff.) Required of graduate students majoring in Entomology. This course involves research on an approved project. A dissertation suitable for publication must be submitted at the conclusion of tlie studies as a part of the re<iuirenients for an advanced degree. FOREIGN LANGUAGES Fr. 0. Intensive Elementary French (0). Eight periods a week. Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 12:00; A-231. (Kramer.) Intensive elementary course in the French language designed particularly for graduate students who wish to acquire a reading knowledge. Fr. 3.* Elementary Conversation (1). M., W., F., 10:00; E-116. Prerequisite, the grade of A or B in French 1. (Hall.) A practice course in simple, spoken French. Fr. 4 or 5. Intermediate Literary French (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 1:00; E-116. Prerequisite, French 1 and 2, or equivalent. (Hall.) Translation, conversation, exercises in pronunciation. Reading of texts de- signed to give some knowledge of French life, thought, and culture. Fr. 9.* Intermediate Conversation (2). Daily, 12:00; E-11h. F'rerequisite, consent of instructor. (Hall.) Practical exercises in conversation, based on material dealing with French life and customs. *To meet the needs of teachers of French who wish to refresh their ability in spoken French, the Department is offering elementary and intermediate con- versation. French 3 and 9 may be taken concurrently or the students may select only one course. Ger. 0. Intensive Elementary German (0). Eight periods a week. Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-231. (Kramer.) Intensive elementary course in the German language designed particularly for graduate students who wish to acquire a reading knowledge. Ger. 2. Elementary German (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 12:00; E-131. Second semester of first-year German. (Hammerschlag.) Elements of grammar; pronunciation and conversation; exercises in com- position and translation. Ger. 4, 5, 6, or 7. Intermediate German Reading Course. (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 11:00; E-131. (Hammerschlag.) Students interested in second year German should consult with Foreign Language Department at time of registration. Our arrangements will be made to SUMMER SCHOOL 43 meet needs of students interested in either the first or second semester of literary or scientific German. Span. 2. Elementary Spanish (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 12:00; E-214. Second semester of first-year Spanish. (Towne.) Elements of grammar; pronunciation and conversation; exercises in com- position and translation. Span. 4 or 5. Intermediate Spanish (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 1:00; E-214. Prerequisite Spanish 1 and 2, or equivalent. (Towne.) Translation, conversation, exercises in pronunciation. Reading of texts de- signed to give some knowledge of Spanish and Latin-American life, thought, and culture. GEOGRAPHY Geog. 42S. Weather and Climate (2). 9:00; NlOl. Prerequisite, consent of instructor. (Patton.) All introduction to the principal causes of the weather and the major types of climate, w'xih special emphasis upon North America. Geog. 106S. Geography of Maryland (2). 11:00; NlOl. Prerequisite, consent of instructor. (Patto-n.) The geographic regions of Maryland and their principal characteristics, es- pecially in relation to the development of home studies and other study project. GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS G. & P. 1. American Government (3). Eight periods a week. Section 1— Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 8:00; Q-140. (Dixon.) Section 2— Daily, 8:00; M., W., P., 9:00; Q-148. (Staflf.) Section 3— Daily, 11:00; M., W., F., 12:00; Q-140. (Stafif.) This course is designed as the basic course in government for the American Civilization program, and it or its equivalent is a prerequisite to all other courses in the Department. It is a comprehensive study of government in the United States — national, state and local — and of their adjustment to changing social and economic conditions. G. & P. 4. State Government and Administration (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 11:00; M., W., F., 12:00; Q-29A. Prerequisite, G. & P. 1. (Dixon.) A study of the organization and functions of state government in the United States, with special emphasis upon the government of Maryland. G. & P. 106. American Foreign Relations (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 11:00; M., W., F., 12:00; A-14. Prerequisite G. & P. 1. (Plischke.) The principles and machinery of the conduct of American foreign relations, 44 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND with emphasis on the Department^ of State and the Foreign Service, and an analysis oi the major foreign policies of the United States. G. & P. 108. International Organization (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 8:00: A-14. Prerequisite G. & P. 1. (Plischke.) A study of the objectives, structure, functions, and procedures of international organizations, including the United Nations as well as functional and regional organizations such as the Organization of American States. G. & P. 174. Political Parties (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 9:00; AI., W., F., 8:00; A-203. Prerequisite, G. & P. 1. (Starr.) A descriptive and analytical examination of American political parties, nomi- nations, elections, and political leadership. *G & P. 254S. Problems of Democracy: National II (3). Daily, 9:00-12:00, or other hours by arrangement, June 22-July 9, 1954; A-207. (Steinmeyer.) A study of domestic problems of particular interest to secondary school teachers of social sciences. The discussion of each major problem is opened by an expert from government, business and industrj', labor organizations, or academic life. Students are required to perform a research project. *G. & P. 255S. Problems of Democracy: International II (3). Daily, 9:00- 12:00, or other hours by arrangement, July 12-July 30, 1954; A-207. (Steinmeyer.) A continuation of G. & P. 254S. A study of some problem areas of the .world. The discussion of each area is opened by a diplomatic representative of one of the countries concerned, or other expert having first-hand knowledge of the area. Students are required to perform a research project. G. & P. 261. Problems of Government and Politics. (3). To be arranged. (Starr.) Reports and readings on political science subjects selected with reference to the student's interests and program of study. G. & P. 299. Thesis Course (3, 6). To be arranged. (Staff.) HISTORY H. 5. History of American CivilLzation (3). Eight periods a week. Section 1— Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; A-110. (Sparks.) Section 2— Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 8:00; A-106. (Chatelain.) Section 3— Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A-110. (Wellborn.) From the colonial period through the American Civil War. Required of all students for graduation. •See the announcement of the Institute on Problems of Democracy, on p. 20. SUMMER SCHOOL 45 H. 6. History of American Civilization (3). Eight periods a week. Section 1— Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 8:00; A- 12. (Riddleberger.) Section 2— Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; A- 12. (Gordon.) Section 3— Daily, 11:00; M., W., F., 12:00; A-130. (W. Bates.) From the American Civil War to the present. Required of all students for graduation. H. 116s. The Civil War (2). 11:00; A-133. Prerequisites, H. 5, 6, or the equivalent. (Sparks.) Military aspects; problems of the Confederacy; political, social, and economic effects of the war upon American society. H. 119s. Recent American History (2). 10:00; A-133. Prerequisites, H. 5, 6, or the equivalent. (Merrill.) Party politics, domestic issues, foreign relations of the United States since 1918. H. 155s. Medieval Civilization (2). 11:00; A-203. Prerequisites, H. 1, 2, or H. 3, 4, or the permission of the instructor. (Bauer.) A survej^ of Medieval life, culture, and institutions from the fall of the Roman Empire to the thirteenth century. H. 166s. Revolutionary and Napoleonic Europe (2). 8:00; A-130. Pre- requisites, H. 1, 2, or H. 3, 4. (Gordon.) The Old Regime in France and Europe; the changes effected by the French Revolution; the Napoleonic regime and the balance of power 1789-1815. H. 175. Europe in the World Setting of the Twentieth Century (3). Daily, 8:00; M., \V., F., 9:00; A-212. Prerequisites, H. 1, 2, or H. 3, 4. (Prange.) A studj- of the political, economic, social, and cultural developments in twentieth century Europe through World War I. H. 191. History of Russia (3). Daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; A-21. Pre- requisites, H. 1, 2, or the equivalent. (Bauer.) A historj' of Russia from the earliest times to the present day. H. 200. Research (2-6). Credit proportioned to amount of work. Arranged. (Gewehr and staff.) H. 201. Seminar in American History (2 or 3) Arranged. (Merrill.) H. 250. Seminar in European History (2 or 3) Arranged. (Bauer.) HOME ECONOMICS Clo. 121. Pattern Design (2). Daily 10:00, 11:00; H-132. Prerequisite Clo. 22 or equivalent. Laboratory fee, $3.00. (Heagney.) Development of a basic pattern and its use in altering commercial patterns, in combining patterns, in adapting commercial patterns to individual designs and in creating functional designs for family clothing. 46 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Clo. 220. Special Studies in Clothing (2-4). May be taken without credit Daily 1:00; M., W., F., 2:00; H-132. Laboratory fee $3.00. (Heagney.) This course will be concerned with apparel; the selection, care construction and fitting of specific garments based upon the interest and needs of the group. On Wednesday, July 14th a special fashion show will present "Fashions For The Individual." In addition, personal problems such as pattern adjust- ment and design, techniques of fitting one's self, co- ordination of design, color and fabric and the use and care of some of the new fabrics will be considered. These will be developed individually on the basis of the amount of credit taken. Tex. & Clo. 232. Economics of Textiles and Clothing (3). May be taken without credit. Daily 1:00 to 4:00, July 12th to 30th; H-19. Individual weekly conferences to be arranged. Laboratory fee $3.00. (Mitchell.) Survey of the developments in the textile field and a study of the unique problems inherent in the buying and selling of these new products. Repre- sentatives from industry, business and research will give an integrated presen- tation of the interrelationships in the production, distribution and consumption of textiles for modern living. Field trips can be arranged in New York and environs for the week of August 2-6 if students so desire. Interest in this part of the course must be made known by May 1st in order that final confirmations may be received. Home Mgt. 152. Experience in Management of the Home (3). Prerequisite. Home Mgt. 150, 151. Laboratory fee $7.00. (Mearig.) Residence for five weeks in the Home Management House. Experience in planning, guiding, directing, coordinating and participating in the activities of a household composed of a faculty member and a small group of students. Home Mgt. 156. Household Equipment (2). Daily 8:00. (Mearig.) Consumer problems in selection, use and care of small and large equipment. Nut. 112. Dietetics (3). Daily 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; H-222. Laboratory fee $7.00. (Braucher.) A study of food selection for health; food values and nutrition demonstra- tions; food, its cost and relative nutritive value; nutrition of new food products; effect of methods of preservation on nutritive values; planning and calculating dietaries for children, adults, family units. OR Nut. 10. Elements of Nutrition (3). Daily 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; H-222. (Braucher.) Evaluating nutritional health in school children, methods of applying the principles of nutrition through health education in the school room and through the school lunch program. SUMMER SCHOOL 47 HORTICULTURE Hort. 122. Special Problems (2). Credit arranged according to work done. For major students in horticulture or botany. (Staff.) Hort. 208. Advanced Horticultural Research (2 to 6). Credit granted ac- cording to work done. (Staflf.) LIBRARY SCIENCE L. S. 101. School Library Administration (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; L-109. (Robinson.) The organization and maintenance of effective library service in the modern school. Planning and equipping library quarters, purpose of the library in the school, standards, instruction in the use of books and libraries, training student assistants, acquisition of materials, repair of books, publicity, exhibits, and other practical problems. L. S. 103. Book Selection for School Libraries (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 1:00; M., W., F., 2:00; L-109. (Robinson.) Principles of book selection as applied to school libraries. Practice in the effective use of book selection aids and in the preparation of book lists. Evalu- ation of publishers, editions, translations, format, etc. MATHEMATICS Math. 6. Mathematics of Finance (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; Y-28. (Shepherd.) Prerequisite, Math. 5, or equivalent. Required of students in the College of Business and PubHc Administration and open to students in the College of Art* and Sciences for elective credit only. Simple and compound interest, discount, amortization, sinking funds, val- uation of bonds, depreciation, annuities. Math. 10. Algebra (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; Y-27. Prerequisite, one unit each of algebra and plane geometry. (Roth.) Fundamental operations, factoring, fractions, linear equations, exponents and radicals, logarithms, quadratic equations, progressions, permutations and com- binations, probability. Math. 11. Trigonometry and Analytic Geometry (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; Y-28. (Roth, Shepherd.) Prerequisite, Math. 10, or equivalent. This course is not recommended for students planning to enroll in Math. 20. Trigonometric functions, identities, addition formulas, solution of triangles, coordinates, locus problems, the straight line and circle, conic sections, graphs. Math. 14. Plane Trigonometry (2). Daily 9:00; Y-123. (Jackson.) 48 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND Prerequisite Math. 15 or concurrent enrollment in Math. 15. Open to stu- dents in engineering, education, and the physical sciences. Trigonometric functions, identities, the radian, graphs, addition formulas, solu- tion of triangles, inverse functions, trigonometric equations. Math. 15. College Algebra (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; Y-19. Prerequisite, high school algebra completed. Open to students in engineering, education, and the physical sciences. Fundamental operations, variation, functions and graphs, quadratic equations, theory of equations, binomial theorem, complex numbers, logarithms, deter- minants, progressions. Math. 17. Analytic Geometry (4). Twelve periods a week. M., T., W., Th., F., S., 8:00, 9:00; Y-17. (Cree.) Prerequisite, Math. 14 and 15, or equivalent. Open to students in engineering, education, and the physical sciences. Coordinates, locus problems, the straight line and circle, graphs, trans- formation of coordinates, conic sections, parametric equations, transcendental equations, solid analytic geometry. Math. 20. Calculus (4). Twelve periods a week. M., T., W., Th., P., S., 8:00, 9:00; Y-26. (Hall.) Prerequisite, Math. 17, or equivalent. Open to students in engineering, education, and physical sciences. Limits, derivatives, differentials, maxima and minima, curve sketching, cur- vature, kinematics, integration. Math. 21. Calculus (4). Twelve periods a week M., T., W., Th., F., S., 10:00, 11:00; Y-18. (Brace.) Prerequisite, Math. 20, or equivalent. Open to students in engineering, ed- ucation, and physical sciences. Integration with geometric and physical applications, partial derivatives, space geometry, multiple integrals, infinite series. Math. IOCS. Higher Algebra (2). Daily, 8:00; Y-19. (Good.) Prerequisite, Alath. 21, or consent of instructor. This course is designed to offer the secondary school teachers and other interested students additional training in algebra, by a more intensive study of topics which are commonly not emphasized in freshman college algebra. Topics include ratio, proportion, progressions, scales of notation, inequalities, multi- nomial expansions, continued fractions, linear Diophantine equations. Math. 116. Introduction to Complex Variable Theory (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 10:00, IM., W., F., 11:00; Y-123. (Jackson.) Prerequisite Math. 21 or consent of instructor. Open to students in engineer- ing and the physical sciences. SUMMER SCHOOL 49 Fundamental operations with complex numbers, differentiation and integration, series, conformal mapping, residue theory. Math. 300. Research. Arranged. (Staff.) MUSIC Music 15. Chapel Choir (1). Daily, 12:00; B-7. (Springmann.) Open to all students attending the Summer Session. Work will be directed toward the presentation of a sacred music concert in the Chapel on the last Sundaj' evening of the Summer Session. Music Ed. 125. Creative Activities in the Elementary School Which Con- tribute to Musical Development. (2). Daily, 11:00; B-1. Prerequisite, consent of instructor. (Kemble.) This course deals with musical experience in creative listening and creative response to rhythm and mood, creative use of percussion and simple melody instruments, creative melody writing, creative interpretation of music performed. Creative interpretation and creative writing will also be studied in connection with its development through correlation with other areas and creative programs. Music Ed. 128. Workshop in Music for Elementary Schools. (2). Daily, 10:00; B-1. Prerequisite, consent of instructor. (Kemble.) A workshop designed to m.ake a study of the vocal and instrumental pro- gram in the Elementary School Curriculum. Music Ed. 132. Workshop in Music for Junior High School. (2). Daily, 8:00; B-1. Prerequisite, consent of instructor. (Kemble.) A workshop designed to make a study of the vocal and instrumental programs in the Junior High School Curriculum. Music Ed. 175. Methods and Materials in Vocal Music for the High School. (2). Daily. 10:00; B-7. Prerequisite, consent of instructor. (Springmann.) This course is designed primarily for high school choral directors and teachers of voice training classes. Special attention will be given to song repertoire, interpretation, diction, tone production, and breath activity. Music 12, 52, 112, 152. Piano (1, 1, 1, 1). Fifteen private lessons in Applied Music. (One-half hour). The instructor and place will be assigned by the Music Department, Bldg. B. There will be a special fee of $30.00 per course for these private lessons. Music 72, 92, 172, 192. Piano. (1, 1, 1, 1). Fifteen private lessons in Applied Music. (One-half hour.) The instructor and place will be assigned by the Music Department, Bldg. B. There will be a special fee of $30.00 per course for these private lessons. Music 13, 53, 73, 93, 113, 153. Voice. (1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1). Fifteen private lessons in Applied Music. (One-half hour.) so UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND The instructor and place will be assigned by the Music Department, Bldg. B. There will be a special fee of $30.00 per course for these private lessons. PHILOSOPHY Phil. 201. Research in Philosophy (1-3). Selected projects under individual guidance. Arranged. (Garvin.) PHYSICAL EDUCATION, RECREATION, AND HEALTH Physical Education for \\'omen, fee $3.00. To be charged for any woman registered in any course or combination of courses in Physical Education in- volving the use of the Swimming Pool. P. E. SIO. Physical Education Activities (1-6). Instruction and practice in selected sports; tennis, badminton, golf, archery, swimming and square dance. Note: 1. Not available for credit by physical education majors. Note 2. Non-majors in physical education may use this credit to fulfill graduation requirements in physical education. Section 1. Swimming (1), Daily, 3:00, Pool. (Harvey.) Section 2. Golf (1), Wednesdays 1:00-5:00, Armory. (Cronin.) Section 3. Tennis (1), Daily, 2:00, Courts. (Harvey.) P. E. 100. Scientific Bases of Movement (4). M., T., W., Th., F., 8:00, 9:00; W-131. (Wessel.) A course designed to study kinesiological and physiological principles of exercise and the solution of problems concerned with increasing efficiency of movement in motor activities and work, as well as those of physical condition- ing and training. In addition, their relationships to growth and development will be emphasized. P. E. 120. Physical Education for the Elementary School (3), M., T., W., Th., 8:00, 9:00; G-100. (Humphrey.) Theory and practice of elementary school physical education planned particu- larly for the general elementary teacher. The course content will include cur- riculum participation, utilization of restricted play areas, class organization, instruction techniques, and introduction to a variety of appropriate activities. P. E. 130. Fundamentals of Body Dynamics (3). M., T., W., Th., 10:00, 11:00, W-131. (Wessel.) This course is designed to acquaint the elementary teacher with the scientific principles applied to fundamental motor skills, posture and body mechanics as they relate to physical growth and development. P. E. 170. Supervision in Elementary School Physical Education (3). M., T., W., Th., 1:00, 2:00; G-202. (Humphrey.) SUMMER SCHOOL 51 Principles and techniques of supervision are studied from a standpoint of their appHcation in improving the learning situation in elementary school physical education. Strong emphasis W\\\ be given to the concept that modern supervision in elementary school physical education should be based on the application of fundamental democratic principles. P. E. 180. Measurement in Physical Education and Health (3). M., T., W., Th., 1:00, 2:00; G-202. (Mohr.) The application of the principles and techniques of educational measurement to the teaching of health and physical education; study of the functions and techniques of measurement in the evaluation of student progress toward the objectives of health and physical education, and in the evaluation of the effective- ness of teaching. P. E. 200. Seminar in Physical Education, Health and Recreation (1). T., 12:00; G-202. (Humphrey.) P. E. 201. Foundations in Physical Education, Recreation and Health (3). M., T., W., Th., 8:00, 9:00; G-202. (Deach.) A study of history, philosophy and principles of physical education, recreation and health as applied to current problems in each area, and as related to general education. P. E. 205. Administration of Atiiletics (3). M., T., W., Th., 1:00, 2:00, G-15. (Massey.) Problems and procedures in the administration of school and college athletic competition, the installation and maintenance of indoor and outdoor athletic equipment, special problems of surveys, legislation, property acquisition, finances, inventories, and the selection of personnel. P. E. 210. Methods and Techniques of Research (3). M., T., W., Th., 10:00, 11:00, G-202. (Mohr.) A study of methods and techniques of research used in physical education, recreation, and health education; an analysis of examples of their uses; and practice in their application to problems of interest to the student. P. E. 220. Quantitative Metiiods (3). M., T., W., Th., 10:00, 11:00; G-15. (Massey.) A course covering the statistical techniques most frequently used in research pertaining to physical education, recreation, and health education. An effort w^ill be made to provide the student with the necessary skills, and to acquaint him with the interpretations and practical applications of these techniques. P. E. 230. Source Material Survey (3). M., T., W., Th., 8:00, 9:00, G-15. (Massey.) A library survey course, covering the total areas of physical education, rec- reation and health, plus research in one specific limited problem of which a digest, including a bibliography, is to be submitted. 52 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND P. E. 288. Special Problems in Physical Education, Recreation and Health (1-6). Arranged. Master of Education or Doctoral candidates who desire to pursue special research problems under the direction of their advisers may register for 1-6 hours of credit under this number. A Master of Education candidate may register for two or more credits under this number and write one of his seminar papers. P. E. 289. Research— Thesis (1-5). Arranged. Students who desire credits for a Master's thesis, a Doctoral dissertation, or a Doctoral project should use this number. P. E. 291. Curriculum Construction in Physical Education and Health (3). M.. T., W., Th., 8:00, 9:00; G-203. (Mohr.) A study of the principles underlying curriculum construction in phj^sical education and health education, and the practical application of these principles to the construction of a curriculum for a specific situation. The specific content of this course is adjusted to meet the needs of the students enrolled in it. Rec. 100. Co-recreational Games and Programs (2). M., T., W., 1:00, 2:00; G-100. (Harvey.) Compilation of and techniques in developing low organization and party games and activities that might be of therapeutic or leisure time value to the recreation worker or teacher. Observations and experiences in w^orking with specific groups will be utilized wherever possible. Rec. 130. Leadership Techniques and Practices (3). M., T., \V., Th., 10:00, 11:00, G-101. (Harvey.) A study of the various kinds of levels of leadership exerted by professional and semi-professional workers, some of the difficulties and probable weaknesses to be met, and some of the tangible techniques to be used in personal, stafi, and public relationships: handling of problem children, of personnel, of public rela- tions campaigns, committee gatherings, etc. The group work approach will be emphasized and used, insofar as possible, in the solution of particular problems. Hea. 160. Problems in School Health Education (3). M.. T., W., Th., 1:00, 2:00, W-131. (Key.) This is a workshop type course designed particularly for in-service teachers to acquaint them with the best methods of providing good health services, healthful environment and health instruction. Hea. 220. Principles and Practices of Health Education (3). M., T., W., Th., 10:00, 11:00; G-201. (Johnson.) This course endeavors to evolve a concept of "total personality health" on the basis of our knowledge of the human personality and the factors that influence its development. The various ways in which the school can contribute to such broadly conceived health are evaluated. SUMMER SCHOOL 53 Hea. 240. Advancements in Modem Health (3). M., T., W., Th., 8:00, 9:00; G-201. (Johnson.) A course designed to review status and trends of modern health from the perspective of the educator. Study will include a survey of major health prob- lems of the world; developments in the broad fields of modern medicine; and current trends in school health education and the role of the school in relation to mental health and psychosomatic disturbances. PHYSICS It is proposed that the Physics Department courses for 1954 Summer School should be exactly the same as were offered in the Summer Session, 1953. These were : Phys. 100. Advanced Experiments. Three hours laboratory work for each credit hour. One or more credits may be taken concurrentl}'. Prerequisites, Phys. 52 or 54 and four credits in Phys. 60. Laboratory fee, $6.00 per credit hour. (Staff.) Selected fundamental experiments in electricity and magnetism, elementary electronics, atomic physics, and optics. Phys. 250. Research. Credit according to work done. Laboratory fee, $6.00 per credit hour. (Staff.) Prerequisite, approved application for admission to candidacy or special per- mission of the department head. Thesis research conducted under approved supervision. POULTRY P. H. Sill. Poultry Breeding and Feeding (1). Daily 9:00; July 6 to 23. (Jull and Combs.) This course is designed primarily for teachers of vocational agriculture and extension service workers. The first half will be devoted to problems concerning breeding and the development of breeding stock. The second half will be devoted to nutrition. P. H. 205. Poultry Literature (1-4). (Staff.) Readings on individual topics are assigned. Written reports required. Methods of analysis and presentation of scientific material are discussed. P. H. 206. Poultry Research. Credit in accordance with work done. (Staff.) Practical and fundamental research with poultry may be conducted under the supervision of staff members toward the requirements for the degrees of M.S. and Ph.D. 54 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND PSYCHOLOGY Psych 1. Introduction to Psychology (3). Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; M-101. (Heintz.) A basic introductory course, intended to bring the student into contact with the major problems confronting psychology and the more important attempts at their solution. Psych. 106. Statistical Methods in Psychology (3). Daily, 8:00; T., Th., 9:00, and one additional hour per week arranged; M-102. (Hackman.) A basic introduction to quantitative methods used in psychological research; measures of central tendency, of spread, and of correlation. Psych. 161S. Industrial Psychology (2). Daily, 11:00; M-102. (Ayers.) A survey course, intended for those who plan to enter some phase of personnel work, but who do not plan to undertake graduate study in psychology. Psych. 211. Job Analysis and Evaluation (3). Daily, 10:00 and three ad- ditional hours per week arranged; M-104. (Ayers.) Psych 289. Special Research Problems (1-3). Hours arranged. (Staff.) Psych. 290. Research for Thesis (1-6). Hours arranged. (Staff.) SOCIOLOGY See, 1. Sociology of American Life (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; R-205. (Schmidt.) Sociological analysis of the American social structure; metropolitan, small town, and rural communities; population distribution, composition and change; social organization. Soc. 2. Principles of Sociology (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 10:00; M., W.. F.. 11:00: R-7 (Melvin.) The basic forms of human association and interaction; social processes; institutions; culture, human nature and personality. Soc. 51S. Social Pathology (2). 10:00; R-205. (Shankweiler.) Personal-social disorganization and maladjustment; physical and mental handi- caps; economic inadequacies; programs of treatment and control. Soc. 118. Community Organization (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 8:00; M., W., F., 9:00; R-6. (Roth.) Community organization and its relation to social welfare; analysis of com- munity needs and resources; health, housing, recreation; community centers; neighborhood projects. Soc. 123S. Ethnic Minorities (2). 10:00 R-1. (Lejins.) SUMMER SCHOOL 55 Basic social processes in the relations of ethnic groups within the state; im- migration groups and the Negro in the United States; ethnic minorities in Europe. Soc. 141S. Sociology of Personality (2). 11:00; R-1. (Fitzgerald.) Development of human nature and personality in contemporary social life; processes of socialization; attitudes, individual differences, and social behavior, Soc. 153S, Juvenile Delinquency (2). 9:00; R-109. (Lejins.) Juvenile delinquency in relation to the general problem of crime; analysis of factors underlying juvenile delinquency; treatment and prevention. Soc. 164S. The Family and Society (2). 8:00; R-102. (Shankweiler.) Study of the family as a social institution: its biological and cultural foun- dations, historic development, changing structure and function; the interactions of marriage and parenthood, disorganizing and re-organizing factors in present- day trends. Soc. 290. Research in Sociology. Credit to be determined. Time to be arranged. (Staff.) Thesis research. Soc. 291. Special Social Problems. Credit to be determined. Time to be arranged. (Staff.) Individual research on selected problems. SPEECH AND DRAMATIC ART Speech 1. Public Speaking (2). 8:00; R-101. Fee $1.00. (Linkow.) The preparation and delivery of short original speeches. Outside readings; reports, etc. Speech 2. Public Speaking (2). Daily, 9:00; R-101. Fee $1.00. Prerequisite, Speech 1. (Linkov^r.) Speech 10. Group Discussion (2). 11:00; R-101. (Linkow.) A study of the principles, methods, and types of discussion, and their ap- plication in the discussion of contemporary problems. Speech 106. Clinic (3). Five lectures and five two-hour laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 9:00; R-109; laboratory arranged. (Hendricks.) A laboratory course dealing with the various methods of correction plus actual work in the clinic. Speech 110. Teacher Problems in Speech (3). Eight periods a week. Daily, 10:00; M., W., F., 11:00; R-109. (Hendricks.) Everyday problems in speech that confront the teacher with emphasis on 56 UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND the correction of minor speech disorders. Opportunity for clinical observation and practice is provided. ZOOLOGY Zool. 1. General Zoology (4). Five lectures and five two-hour laboratory periods a week. Lecture, 8:00; K-310; laboratory, 9:00, 10:00; K-306. Labor- atory fee, $8.00. (Grollman.) This course, which is cultural and practical in its aim, deals with the basic principles of animal Hfe. Typical invertebrates and mammalian form are studied. Zool. 55S. Development of the Human Body (2). Five lecture periods a week. Lecture, 11:00; K-310. (Anastos.) A study of the main factors affecting the pre-natal and post-natal growth and development of the child with special emphasis on normal development. Zool. 104. Genetics (3). Eight lecture periods a week. Lecture, daily, 9:00; M., W., F., 10:00; K-307. Prerequisite, one course in zoology or botany. Recommended for pre-medical students. (Burhoe.) A consideration of the basic principles of heredity. Zool. 206. Research. Credit to be arranged. Laboratory fee $8.00. (Staff.) Zool. 208. Special Problems in Zoology. Credit to be arranged. Hours, topics and credits to be arranged. Laboratory fee, $8.00. (Staff.) Studies in A — Cytology; B — Embryology; C — Fisheries Biology; D — Genetics; E — Parasitology; F — Physiology; and G — Systematics. Zool. 231 S. Acarology (3). June 21 through July 10. Lectures, recitations, and laboratory daily, 8:00-12:00, 2:00-4:00 K-307. Laboratory fee |8.00. (Gorirossi.) An introductory study of the Acarina or mites and ticks with special emphasis on classification and biology. Zool. 232S. Medical and Veterinary Acarology (3). June 21 through July 10. Lectures, recitations, and laboratory daily, 8:00-12:00, 2:00-4:00; K-307. Lab- oratory fee $8.00. (Wharton.) The recognition, collection, culture, and control of Acarina important to public health and animal husbandry with special emphasis on the transmission of diseases. Zool. 233S. Agricultural Acarology (3). June 21 through July 10. Lectures, recitations, and laboratory daily, 8:00-12:00, 2:00-4:00; K-307. Laboratory fee $8.00. (Baker.) The recognition, collection, culture and control of acarine pests of crops and ornamentals.