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Full text of "Suomalais-englantilainen sanakirja. Finnish-English dictionary"

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r 



HARVARD UNIVERSITY 




LIBRARY OF THE 

SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE 



PROM THE REVERE FAMILY FUND 




SUOMALAIS-ENGLANTILAINEN 

FINNISH-ENGLISH 

SANAKIRJA 



DICTIONARY 



TOIiaTTANUT 
Compiled By 

SEVERI ALANNE 



SUPERIOR, WIS.. 1!>19 

TYamitS ROSTANNVBYHTION KCSTANNOKSBtXA 
TyOTMlM PvbUaklnv Companr 



DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTUh 
HARVARD UNIVERSITY 



Copjrrlrttt 1019 

by 

TYtfUIfift FUBLISHIKO COMPANY 



TIT^SMIES I»tBLlSHl^'G COMfAVV 
PabllnherH and printers 
j^ . SUpefloi'. Tri». 



Alkulause 



Englanninkielen oppimisen tarpeellistms on suomalaiselle tassa maassa kielta- 
maton ja kiertamaton. Mutta kunnollisia, kaytannollisia valineita tahan kie- 
lenc^raiseen on hanelta puuttunut. Tyomies Kustannusyhtion johtokiinnassa 
sjmtyi jo noin kymmenisen vuotta sitten keskustelua siha, ctta olisi ryhdyttava 
perusteellisesti ja jarkiperaisen suunnitelman mukaisesti poistamaan naita esteita 
cnglanninkielen opiskelun tielta. Tuloksena oli, etta paatettiin ensimaiseksi ryh- 
tya kustantamaan suomalais-englantilaista sanakirjaa koska sen puute oli ilmeisin. 

Tcoksen toimitustyo uskottiin allekirjoittaneelk, joka kuitenkin vasta vuonna 
1913 kevaalla saattoi ruveta todenteolla ajattelemaan sanakirjaty^on kasiksi ryh- 
tymista. Scnjalkeenkin ovat monet hairitsevat tekijat viivyttaneet tyon valmis- 
tumista Niinpa toirain puolisen vuotta Tyomiehen vastaavana toimittajana v. 1914 
ja tuolla a j alia tyo l,uonnollis€sti ei edistynyt minkaan vertaa. Tyon kuluessa on 
myoskin alkuperainen tyosutmnitelma huomattavasti kehittynyt ja laajentunut. 
Alussa suunnitdtiin supp^mpaa sanakirjaa, mutta laajat lahdekirjat ja halu teh- 
da pcrusteellista tyota vaikuttivat sen, etta alustavassa tyossa aineksia keraantyi 
niin runsaasti, etta ainoastaan hylkaamalla suuri osa jo tehtya tyota olisi yoitu 
cdes jotakuinkin pysya alkuperaisen suunnitelman puitteissa. Kun tatakaan ei ole 
tabdottu tehda, tarjotaan nyt tyon lopullisena tuloksena yleisolle sanakirja, jossa 
on labcs 1,000 sivua ja joka sisaltaa noin 70,000 suomenkielista hakusanaa, pu- 
humattakaan suuresta maarasta yhdys-sanoja, joita ei ole otettu laskussa lukuun, 
niita kun ei ole suoranaisina hakusanoina kaannetty, vaan on kaytetty esimerkkei- 
na suomalaisten yhdyssanaryhmien kaantamisesta annettujen yleisten ohjeiden va- 
laiscmiseksi. Teoksen laajuus myoskin selittaa, miksi sen valmistuminen on tun- 
tuvasti viivastynyt alkuperaisesta sininnitelmasta. 

Kun nyt tama monivuotinen tyo on kaikenlaisten vaiheiden ja vastuksien lapi 
vihdoinidn loppuun suoritettu, pyydan lausua sydamellisimmat kiitokseni kaikille 
niille, jotka oyat minua tyossani ta valla tai toisella avustaneet Ensi tilalla ha- 
luan lausua kiitollisuuteni ja ttmnustukseni apulaiselleni £. V. Latvalalle, joka vii- 
meiscn kahden ja puolcn vuoden aikana on saannollisesti tyoskennellyt apunani, 
m. m. suorittaen kaiken korehtuurinluvun ja valmistaen pohjakasikirjoituksen t,- 
u- ja v-kirjaimille seka suuriramaksi osaksi s-kirjaimelle ; sitapaitsi on han valvo- 
nut kaikkien sanakirjatyota koskevien teknillisten kysymysten jarjestelya, tehnyt 
usdta arvokkaita huomautuksia kaannosten tarkisteluun nahden jne. Suuressa kii- 
tollisuuden velassa olcn myoskin Superior in korkcakoulun englanninkielen opetta- 
jattarelle, neiti Lulu J. Dickinsonille, jonka kanssa olen lapikaynyt suurimman 
osan sanakirjani kasilarjoitusta (alusta s-kirjaimeen saakka), tarkpituksella jat- 
taa pois sellaista lahdekirjoista keraantynytta ainesta, joka ei kuulu tavallisen 
kielenkaytdn piiriin, ja pyrkimyksessa samalla loytaa mahdollisimman kaytannol- 
liset vastineet kuhunkin hakusanaan tai lausetapaan. Neiti Dickinson on sitapaitsi 
kaynyt yli korehtuurien englanninkielisen puolen aina t-kirjaimen loppuun saakka. 
Samanlaisesta avustuksesta py>'dan lausua kiitokseni myoskin Superiorin opettaja- 
seminaarin ("normaalikoulun**) opettajattarille Agnes Kirkille, Nona MacQuilki- 
nille ja Ellen Clarkille, joista varsinkin kaksi ensiksimainittm o'at teoksen lop- 
pupuolella antaneet minulle arvokasta apuaan. 



Lahteina sanakirjaani laatiessani olen paaasiallisesti kayttanyt kolmea teosta, 
nimittain tohtori Knut Cannelinin suomalais-ruotsalaista sanakirjaa (toinen pai- 
nos, vuodelta 1913), Wenstrdm-Harlockin ruotsalais-englantilaista sanakirjaa (kol- 
mas painos, vuodelta 1912) seka Funk & Wagnallsin kustantamaa jattilaisteosta 
*The New Standard Dictionary of the English Language", joka viiniemainittu 
on ollut maaraavana englanninkielen oikeinkirjoituskysymyksissa vallitseviin hor- 
juvaisuuksiin (kuten esim. yhdysviivan kayttoon) nahden. Ahkeraan olen myoskin 
viljellyt Websterin "New International Dictionary"a seka siita lyhennettya 
"Webster's^ Secondary- School Dictionary"a, pitaen yleisena saantona, etta jalki- 
maisesta loytymattomia englanninkielisia sanoja en ole liian harvinaisina sana- 
kirjaani vastineiksi ottanut. Suomenkielisen puolen oikeinkirjoituksessa olen seu- 
rannut edellamainittua toht. Cannelinin sanakirjaa ja aivan teoksen loppupuolella 
yksityisten sanain oikeinkirjotukseen nahden jossakin maarin myoskin saman te- 
kijan julkaisemaa "Kieliopasta". Tieteellisen ja teknillisen sanaston tarkistelussa 
olen fliiahdollisimman tarkoin seurannut suomalaista Tietosanakirjaa. Suomenkie- 
liieen sanastoon nahden olen joutunut tuontuostakin turvautumaan Elias Lonnro- 
tin suomalais-ruotsalaiseen sanakirjaan, joka vanhuudcstaan huolimatta on yha 
viela arvokas lahde suomenkielen kayttajalle. Pitkin matkaa olen silloin talloin 
lisannyt sanakirjani hakusanoihin jonkin Lonnrotin sanakirjasta loytyvan sanan, 
jota ei ole Cannelinin sanakirjassa ollut. 

Muista huomattayassa maarin vahemman kayttamistani lahdekirjoista mainitta- 
koon: Karl Ervastin suomalais-saksalainen sanakirja, FIugel-Schmidt-Tangerin 
"Worterbuch der Englischen und Deutschen Sprache, 11". Silloin talloin olen 
joutimut kayttamaan myoskin englantilais-suomalaisia tai englantilais-ruotsalaisia 
sanakirjoja, joista edellisista olen enin apua saanut Toivo Walleniuksen englanti- 
lais-suomalaisesta sanakirjasta: jalkimaisista taas mainittakoon Erik Lindgrenin 
toimittama "Engelsk-Svensk Ordbok" (kolmas painos, vuodelta 1909). Muitakin 
sanakirjateoksia ja apulahteita olen tyon kuluessa joutunut tilapaisesti silmaamaan. 

Teokseni on tarkoitettu etupaassa palyelemaan ja tyydyttamaan Amerikan suo- 
malaisten siirtolaisten tarpeita. Kuitenkin on koetettu pitaa silmalla myoskin si- 
ta, etta kirjaa yoitaisiin kayttaa Suomen kouluissakin. Edellista tarvetta silmal- 
lapitaen on kirjaan otettu useita sellaisia jokapaiyaisen kielen tai kansankielen 
sanoja, jotka esim. Cannelin on jattanyt suomalais-ruotsalaisesta sanakirjastaan 
kokonaan pois. Jalkimaista tarkotusta varten taas on koetettu teoksen sanastoon 
ottaa ainakin kaikki vleisimmat sanat tieteen eri haarojen (kuten elain- ja kasvi- 
opin, kemian y.m.) alalta. Ottaen huomioon sen, etta Suomen oppikouluissa vil- 
jellaan englanninkielta siina muodossa kuin sita emamaassa, Englannissa, kayte- 
taan, on hakusanojen englanninkielisia vastineita annettaessa sulkumerkeissa eri- 
koisesti huomautettu, mika sana on kaytannossa Englannissa, milloin tama sanri 
eroaa Amerikassa kaytetysta. 

Jos sanakirjani, kuten toivon, osottautuu olevan hyodyksi ja avuksi niille suo- 
malaisille, jotka haluavat englanninkielta oppia, niin on tarkoitukseni saa%'Utettu 
ja viimeisen viiden vuoden ponnistelut eivat ole m^nneet hukkaan. 

Lopuksi lausun toivomuksen, etta ne, jotka loytavat leoksestani puutteclHsuuk- 
sia tai epajohdonmukaisuuksia, hyvantahtoiscsti niista minulle huomauttaisivat : 
kaikki tamanlaiset huomautttkset otan kiitollisuudella vastaan. 

Superior, Wis., elok. 27 p., 1919. 

SEVERI ALANNE. 



Kayttoohjeita 



Samakirjan kdyttajan pitdisi ensi tyokseen huolella tutustua aUtnpana oleviin 

kdyttbohjeisiin. 



1. Mlten vol IB/tU hakeauuwa tanan tat 

ImitfifaTaw (iraasln) ? 

Kaikki hakusanat t&ssft sanaklrjassa 
orat Jftrjestetyt aakkosJftrJeBtykseen, kat- 
Bomatta aiiben mistft Juuresta ne Johtuvat. 

LanaetaTat ovat Jarjeatetyt siten ettfl 
Tarsinaisen haknsanan Taatlneiden Jftlkeen 
tnlerat enain aakkosJftrJestyksessa kaikki 
ne laaaetaTat Jotka alkavat Joko haku- 
sanalla itsellUn tai Jollakin sen talvutus- 
mnodolla; senjftlkeen seuraa taaskin aak- 
kosjfirJefltyksessI toiuen ryhmfi lauseta- 
poja. jotka kaikki alkarat jollakin muul- 
la aanalla knin kyseessA oleraila hako- 
•analla. 

Jompaankumpaan ryhmlftn kuuluTan 
(ranlnKin hakusanalla alkavan) lauseta- 
ran jllkeen saattaa eaiintyli (aina tftllOin 
bakaalaaa) yksi tai useampia selittaviil 
laosetapoja. Joiden tarkoituksena on tuo- 
fU esille poikkeuksellisla kfi&nndkHia. 

Laoaetarat on koetettu yleensft jftrjestftU 
Hen sanan alle. Jolia ne alkavat. Polk- 
keuksia on tlstft sl&nnOstil kuitenkin tHy- 
tynyt tehdii. Sen ruoksi. Jollet lOydil etsl- 
n&AAsi laoaetapaa sen ensim&lsen ftanan 
alta, etsi varmuuden vuoksi Jonkin toisen 
lausetaTassa eaiintyvSn sanan alta. Jois- 
vakin harrinalBissa tapaukslHsa koskee tft- 
ml s&&nt5 my(^8kin yhdyssanoja. 

t. Saaaklrjaaaa UlyteCtyien lyhenysmerk- 

ktoB MlltykMt. 

Seoraaria lyhenny8merkkej& on kftytet- 
ty tiian siUlfltlnilsekai : 

-•, Jota selvryden vuoksl on kflytetty 
rkflinomaan spliaisen (suomenkielisen) ha- 
kuaanan tUallat Joka alkaa uuden rlrln 
tai kappaleen. 

It, jota on kiytetty hakusanolna eslin- 
tyrlssi ThdTfisanoIflfta, tarkoituknella vftlt- 
tai enslmilupen (tai muutamfHsa tapauk- 
Ktiisa kahden ensimSlsen) yhdysosan ker* 
taamlflta. Kafklsira ranUma HamasHa kap- 
paleetsa eaiintyTiaaft yhdyasanoisna siis 
on II merkin rasemmaUa puolen oleva 
yhdyssanan oaa kerrattara. 

I aierkklll on jolssakin tapaukslsffa kKy- 
tetty, jotta TaityttAislin kertaamasta jo- 
ko ionkin suomalaisen tai jonkin eng- 
lantflaiaen tanan alkuoaaa. NilnpM esini. 
lyhennya : k o h d a 1 1 1 a. ^1 1 e. -1 1 a kuu- 
lua tAydelliseiiti klrjoitettuna : k o li d a 1* 
la. kotadalle, kotidalta. 

Pisteiti . . on kilytetty kabdeagakln tar- 
koitokneMa. rielslmmin oflottamaan koh- 
teen paikkaa selULslssa lauaetavoisaa, joIh- 
sa eaiintyy tekoa. toimtntaa tai tunnetta 
ilmaiaera teonsana (transuilrinen verbi). 
TRIIaisiJifia tapaukRisna ratttaavat ne slis 
aanoja *'a thing'* (jokln. jotakin) tai "n 
pfrmon" (joku, jotakuta) tai niiden mo- 



nikkoa. Esim. blow . . up tarkottaa : blow 
a thing up (rftjUhdirttift jokin ilmaan). 
Pisteita on mydakin kUytetty joko sellais- 
ten englanninkiellaten laatusanain edessU. 
jotka nimisanaa mliilratessilfln pannaan ni- 
misanan jillkeen (eikU yleisen 8&ann5n 
mukaiseflti sen edeile) tai seliaisten laa- 
tusanain edessU, jotka esiintyTftt ainoas- 
taan maincen (prcdikaatm) t&ytteenU. Kun 
oHim. laatusana senaikainen on 
kftftnnetty m.m. " . . of those times", tar- 
kottavat pisteet sltft, ettR esim. "senai- 
kainen tapa" on kllftnnettllv& "a custom 
of those times'*. 

3. SuUramerkkien klyttH. 

TtLssft sanaklrjassa on kftytetty kaarl- 
sulkumerkkejft () sekft hakasla [], kum- 
paisiakin useammassa kuin yhdessll tar- 
koltuksossa. 

Kaarisulkumerkkeihin on pantu suomen- 
kielisen hnkusanan erl merkltysvivahduk- 
8ia tai niiden luonnetta sellttftrfit sanat. 
Sanaklrjan englanninklellsellll puolella on 
kaurlin pantu (1. merklllU varustettuna) 
kaikki yhdenarvolset rinnakkaiskUannSk- 
set. Samaten on englanninkiclisellil puo- 
lella kaarisulkuibln pantu kaikki seilal- 
Ket sanat tai kMnnokset, jotka voldaan 
vaihtoehtoisestl joko ottaa huomioon tai 
jiltt^a pois. 

Valaistaksemme eslmerkeiua nfiitll kaari- 
sulkujen eri k&yttOjU. vcamme ensiksikin 
esim. hakusanan i 1 m a. Kun se on kftttn- 
netty niiin: air: (sii&) weather, tarkolt- 
taa se, ettA sana *'llma" on k&Knnettllva 
"air*. paUsi milloin sitft kKytetH&n mer- 
kityksessH "siift", Jolloin se on k&llnnet- 
tilril *'weather". Samaten kun hakusann 
k e 1 1 o k a 8 on kllftnnetty *'bel]*cow : 
(kuv.) leader", tarkoittaa tUmft slttt. ettH 
t&mfi sana on alkuperBTsessllKn kttttnnet- 
tfivft "bell-cow", jota vastoln se kuvan- 
noUisessa merkityksessfi kflytettynil on 
kftannettHrft "leader". — LyhennysmerkintU 
"noise (1. din) of the fair** olisi tHydel- 
lisessH muodossaan "noise of the fair, din 
of the fair"; samoln merklntll: "take part 
in (1. be present at) th«? proceedings (1. 
the discussion)" vastaa lyiientHmfittdmU- 
nil: "take part in the proceedings, take 
part in the discussion, be present at the 
Droceedings, be present at the discussion". 
Lyhennysmerkintft "poet:c (al)" taas vas- 
tan tEydeilisttt merkintUfi "poetic, poet- 
ical": Hamaten esim. kftfinnos "tall (of 
stature)" Ilmai8«»e, etti kyseeesH oleva 
suomaiainen sana roidaan kfiftntttft joko 
"tall* tai "tall of stature". 

ilakasiin on suljettu kaikki valaisevina 
os5mf»rkkplnll kllytetyt i<anat tai lauseta- 



Tl 

vat, Jotka elvftt oleellisesti kuula Itse taa merkitll "miestft, Joka hakkasi tal on 

kftHnndkseen ; namoiu kaikki laasetavat, hakaonut balkoja." "mlestft, Joka (parai- 

Jotka k%ftnnet}l&n poikkeuksellisestl. Ha- kaa) on hakkaamaasa halkoja", "miesUl 

ka8lin on mydskln pantu Bellaiset lause- hakkaamaan halkoja" Ja kentlea Tiel| 

tavoissa eailntyvMt suomalaiset tai eng- muutakin. Suuret sanakirjat kyllH uaeim- 

lanninkieliset sanat, Joita on kAytetty missa tUIIaisissa tapaukaxssa antavat vas- 

rlnnakkaiaeHimerkkelnft. Enslmfiistil kftyt- tineeksi vastaayan er-pAAtteisen nimlsanan, 

tdU vnlaispf cairn, hakusana Is tut taa, mutta kuten sanottu, kftytSnttf (varslnkin 

Joka on kttAnnKty : "plant fpotatoea, pe- puhutussa kieleasii) pyrkii niitil hylki- 

runolta]". TUstft merklnnftsta selTiatt, ettfi mA&n. 

"igtuttaa** kfiAnnetaUn "plant" Ja "is- Jotakuinkin samoin on uiita ness-pftftt- 

tattaa pcrunolia" kftftnnetaMn "plant pota- telsten nimlsanojen, Jotka vastaavat suo- 

toes". Toisen kKyt5n pitAlsi olla itsestflftn monkiclen uub- Ja yyH-p&iltteistft niml- 

Helvft tal selvil ainakln Aen perusteella. sanoja. Vnrsinkln Jos t&llalnen nimlsana 

mitA on sanottu niiiden ohjelden ensimAl- on pitk& tal Johtuu verraten ^larvinaises- 

sen osan kolmannessa kappaleessa. Kol- ta laatusanasta, ci sitft kfiytetft (vaikka- 

matta kUyttdtt valaisee seuraava esimerk- pa se suurisla sanaklrjoista lOytyiaikin). 

ki: lausetapa "hyvftUft [pahallal Nllnpfi esim. leivHttOmyya sanaa el 

silmftllA favorably [with disfavor]^ kftUnnettt "breadlcssness", vaan Joko lack 

{'Simerktksi on lyhennetty ' muoto, Joka (1. want) of bread" tai sltten klertoteitse 

HfsfiitflA kaksi rlnnakkaista csimerkkiA: sivulausoen avulla (tne fact that there 

byvilllS sllmftllA favorably, Ja p a- was no bread, Jne). Samaten el esim. sanaa 

IiHlla silmftUtt with disfavor. runolllsuas kftflnnetll "poetlcalness", 

T-HPissa tupaukslssa on tconsanan (bar- valkka tuon sanan Idyt&llkln suurlsta sa- 

vtinmin laatusanan ta: n:mlsanan) Jftl- nakirjoistu, vaan mieluummln klertllen, 

keen hakasiuHa llltetty prepositsloni eU Joko "poetic character", "poetic spirit" t. 

ctusana osottamaan, minkll prepositionin m.s. TAllaisissakaan tapauksissa el n&itft 

kanssa kyseessttolevaa teon^anaa kttyte- kiertoteltse tapahtuvla k&&nn5k8iB ole vol- 

t&An, e8im."give preference [to]". Joskos tu esittM tyhJentUvfisti, koska nliden 

on pri'positioni liltetty teonsanaan ilman muodostaniinen rlippuu suureksi osaksi 

mitalin hakasla. siltit lauspyhteydestil, missll nolta niml- 

sanoja kulloinkln kftytetftftn. 

c. Suomonkielesta englanninkielelle k&ttn- 

JouduttateRsa tUrattn sanaklrjan avulla tlljien tuliHi vielil ottiui tarkoin huomloon 

kHUntamfla Huomesta englanninkielelle oil- ge seikka, ettn kiiiintftjiln onnistuakseen 

si hyvA ottaa huomloon searaavia yleisil^ hyvln tilytyy tuntea kummankln klelen 

itUkOkohtia Ja ohjelta: Idiomit eU klellomltulsuudet Ja ottaa ne 

a. L&heskiian kaikkla teonsanolsta Job- kUnntAessttan huomloon. NilnpA etlm 
dettuja mlntn-paattelsitt nlmisanoja (ver- auomenkielen Idiomia "plstlUl sllmiln" el 
baallsubstanttliveja) el ole vottu ottaa kfttlnnet& "stick Into the eyes", vaan kftftn- 
bakusanoina tUbUn sanakirjaan. Nttm^ netftftn se cnglanninklelisellfi Idiomilla 
<>8aa kultenkln hclposti kUfintaA, kun ottaa "catch a persons eye", Joka sananmukai- 
buomioon. cttU vastaavat englannlnkicli- sestl kHfinnettynft kuuiuisi: "saada ktinni 
het nimisanat Jobdetaan teonsanasta sfitln' jonkun silmll"; samoin on suomenkielelle 
ntilliscsti lIHtuniaiia slihen -Ing. Nlinp?, ominninon la usetapa "tayttUa Jonkun pyyn- 
<H.m. toouHnnasta m a k e 1 1 1 a Johtuva t6" kaannettava "comply with a person^s 
n miminu makeilemlnen kUannetaan request", eika sulnkaan **fill a person's 
tarafln saauniin mukaisesti :fawning, flat- request", Jne., Jne. Kaikki taUaiset Idlo- 
ttring. mit on tassa sanakirjasaa koetettu mah- 

b. Englannlnklellsessa on ilmeinen tai- i^oUIsimman tarkoin ottaa huomloon Ja 
punms jauaa kUyttamatta sellalsia teon- kfiAntaia on epailematta plenelia etsiske- 
sanolsta muodostettuja er-pauttelsia niml- ly !» lOytaya suoranaiset vastineet useim- 
sanoja. Jotka ilmaisevat tekijaa Ja kayttaa P^n .J^^'Y^y'^^ kompastuskiviln , mlka 
Hpn sljaan slvulauseita, tolsin sanoen kaantamlstyossa on oleva hBnelle suureksi 
Ijaantaa ne klertamaua. Eaim. lause sel- belpotukseksi. 

lalnen kuin "pojan yllajajaa el ole vieia d. Englannlnklclisten sanojen aantamis- 

mntu kiinar' kaannettaisiin : "the man ohjeita ei tassa sanaklrjassa ole voitu an- 

who ran over the boy has not yet been taa, koska se olisl pa«suttanut klrjan 

apprehended", eixa: the overrunner of the ko'on lahes kabdenkertaiseksl. (Sama eng- 

boy Jne." samaten esim. lause "halutaan lantilainen sana saattaa naet esilntyU 

viiHi halonbakkaajaa" kaannettaisiin : useissa kymmenlssa erl paikoissa tftta 

"five choppers of wood wanted". Koska sanakirjna Ja Jokaisessa niista olisi tuon 

kyseessa olevnn teonsanasta Johtuneen sanan aantaminen ollut osotettava). Jo:i 

nimisanan kUantamiseen kaytetyn sivu- sanaklrjan kayttaja ei ole selvUia Jonkin 

lauHoen maino saattaa olosuhteiden mu- tassa sanakirjassa esllntyvan sanan oi- 

kaan viitata Joko nykyiseen. nienneeseeu keasta aantamisesta, on hanen katsottava 

fai tulevaan aiknan. on kaynyt mahdot- Jostakin englantilais-suomalaieesta sana- 

tomaksl antaa tamanlalsille hakusanoUlM kirjasta, raiten kyseessaoleva sana lan- 

lybjontavia vastineita. Niinpa esim. sana netaan. Niissa aantBm:sohJe annetann 

halonhakkaaja. kun hc Joutuu tai- KulkumerkeisKa beti joRaisen englannin- 

la tavoin klertoteitse kaannettavaksl, saat- kielisen hakusanun jaikcen. 



Kaytcttyjen lyhcnnystcn selitykset 



a. — adjektiivi, laatusana. 
absol^-^absoluuttisesti (riippumattomasti, 

s. o. tlman kohdetta) kaytettyna. 
adv. — adverbi, serkkasana. 
algeb. — algebran alalia. 
aUc, alkuroerk., alkup. — alkumerkitykses- 

sa^ alkuperaisessa merkityksessa. 
Amer. — Axnerikassa. 
Am. suom., Amer. suocn. — Amerikan 

suoomea. 
anat — anatomian I. ruumiinraketmeopin 
alalia. 

a p. — a person, 
a th. — a thing. 

biol. — biologian 1. elo«opin alalta. 
eddl.— -edellinen, edellista. 
dtdoU.— cbdolHnen, ehdollisissa. 
clainlaak.— elainla^keopin alalta. 
elaint. — daintieteen alalta. 
en^nyol.— embryologian 1. sikioopin 

alalia. 
Engl — Englannissa, Englannin. 
epail.— epaileva, epailevissa. 
csim.— csimerkiksi. 

cL, etenk., ctup^ — etenkin, etupaassa. 
Ear. — ^Europassa, Europan. 
fiL, filos. — filosofian 1. viisaustieteen 

alalta. 
fys. — fysiikan alalta. 
fysioL — fysiologian 1. eloilmioopin alalta. 
gcol. — geologian alalta. 
geom. — geometrian 1. mittausopin alalta 
hakus.'-hakusana, hakusanaa. 
halv., halveks. — halvekslen, halveksivas- 

ti ; hahrdcsivassa. 
haimnaslaak. — hammaslaakarinammatin 

alalta. 
hist — historian alalia, historiassa. 
hnoia — htxnnaa. 

hyv. merk., hyv. merkit— hy^assa mer- 
kityksessa. 
inf. — infiniiiivi, nimiiapa. 
inter] . — inter jektsioni, kiihtosana. 
itr. — intransiiiivincn 1. kohteeton vcrbi. 
ivalL — ivallisesii, ivallisessa puheessa. 
jkpv. — jokapaivaisessa puheessa. 
ine. — ^ja nitn edespaia 
icasv.— kasvitieteen alalta. 



katol. — ^katoHlaisen uskonnon alalta. 
katol. kirk. — katolisessa kirkossa. 
kaupp., kauppak. — kauppa-alalta, kauppa- 

klelessa. 
keitt— 4ceitto-opin alalta. 
kem. — kemian alalta. 
kiel — ^kielitieteen alalia; klelessa, kielcn- 

kayiossa. 
kieltay. laus., Ideliav. vast (1. vastauks.) 

— ^kieltavissa lauscissa, vastauksissa. 
kirj . — kir joieiaan. 
kirjanp. — ^kirjanpidon alalia, 
kirjap. — ^kirjapainotaidon alalta. 
kirk., kirkol. — kirkolliselta alalta. 
kirkkohist — kirkkohisiorian alalta. 
kiv. — kivcnnaisopin alalta. 
koll. — ^kollekiiivisesti, kollektiivisessa 

merkityksessa, ryhmanimena. 
komp. — ^komparaiiivi, voittoaste. 
konkr. — konkreetiisesti, konkreettisessa 

merkityksessa. 
koriiip. — kortiipelissa. 
kreik., kreikk. — ^kreikkalainen, kreikkalai- 

sen, kreikkalaisessa. 
ks. — kaiso. 

kuv.— kuvannollisessa merkityksessa. 
kysyv. — kysyva, kysyvissa. 
1.— eli, iai. 

lak. — lakitieteen alalia, 
laskuop. — laskuopin alalta. 
lat. — ^laiinaa, latinankielella, latinaksi. 
laus. — ^lauseissa. 
leik., leikil. — ^leikillinen lausetapa, leikil- 

lisessa puheessa. 
licvemm., lievemm. merk. — lievemmin, 

lievemmassa merkityksessa. 
liik. — ^liikelalta. 
log. — logiikan alalia, 
luonn., luonnont. — ^luonnoniieteen alalta. 
1. V. — lahin vastine; lahimain vastaavri. 
lyh. — lyhennys, lyhenn^ttyna. 
laak. — ^laaketieteen alalta. 
maal. — maalarinammaiin alaha; maalaus- 

taiteen alalta. 
maanm., maanmit. — ^maanmittausalalta. 
maani. — maantieieen alalta. 
maanv. — maanviljelyksen alalta. 
mat — ^matematikan alalia. 



¥ 



rlli 

nlek. — ^mekaaniselta alalta. sananl. — sananlasku. 

mer., merik. — merenkulkuopin alalta, sananp. — sananparsi. 

merikielcssa. sep. — sepanammatin alalta. 

merk., merkit. — merkityksessa. seur. — seuraava, seuraavaa. 

metall. — metalliteollisuuden alalta. sielut. — sielutieteen alalta. 

mets. — metsanhoito-opin alalta. sot. — sotilaalliselta alalta. 

metsast. — ^metsastyksen alalta. sotav. — sotavaen, sotavaessa. 

min., miner. — mineralogian 1. kivennais- subst. — substantiivinen. 

opin alalta. superl. — superlatiivi, yliaste, 

mus. — musiikin 1. soitanto-opin alalta. suut. — suutarinamniatin alalta. 

myt., mytol. — mytologian 1. jumalaista- sahk. — sahkotekniikan alalta. 

ru-opin alalta. taid., tait.--taidealalta, taiteen alalta. 

nyk., nykyaik.-— nykyaikalnen, nykyaikai- tav. — ^tavallisesti. 

sessa (merkityksessa y. m.). teat., teatt. — ^teatterialalta. 

oik. — oikeastaan. tekn. — tekniikan alalta. 

o. s. — oneself, one's self. teol. — ^teologian 1. jumaluusopin alalta. 

pah. merk., pah. merkit. — pahassa mer- tiet. — tieteen alalta. 

kityksessa. tieteelL—tieteelHsessa. 

pari. — parlamenttaarisessa kielenkaytossa. tpm. — ^taipumaton. 

pers. — persoona. tr. — transiitivinen 1. kohteellinen verbi. 

pilkall. — pilkallisessa puhetavassa. tuttav. — ^tuttavallisesti, nittavallisessa. 

pi., plur. — pluraali, monikko. taht. — ^tahtitieteen alalia, 

postp. — ^postpositsioni, jalkisana. urh. — urheilun alalta. 

poliitt. — poliittinen, poliitti sessa. usk. — uskonnon alalta. 

prees. — ^preesenssi (n. 1 men persoona). v. — verbi, teonsana. 

prep. — ^prepositsioni, etusana. valok., valokuv. — valokuvauksen alalta. 

pron. — pronomini, asemosana. valt, valtioll. — ^valtio-opin alalta, valtiol- 
psyk. — psykologian 1. sielutieteen alalta. liselta alalta. 

puus. — ^puusepanammatin alalta. valtiot. — ^valtioticteen alalta. 

puut., puutarh. — ^puutarhurinammatin vanh.—vanhentunut svina, vanhentunees- 

alalta. sa kielenkaytossa; vanhoilla jne. 

paaas. — paaasiassa, paaasiallisesti. vars., varsink. — ^varsinkin. 

raanfL — raamatussa. vast — ^vastauksissa. 

rak., raken. — rakennustaidon alalta. vir., viral 1.— viral li sessa tyylissa. 

ranskal. — ranskalainen, ranskalaisen, voim., voimist — ^voimistclun alalta. 

ranskalaisessa. vrt. — ^vertaa. 

rautat. — rautateilla. yhd. — ^yhdyssanoissa. 

rk., run. — runokielessa, runouden alalta Yhd.. Yhdysv. — Yhdysvalloissa, Yhdys- 
room., roomal. — roomalainen, roomalai- valtain jne. 

sen, roomalaisessa. yl. — ^yleensa; yleisessa. 

raat. — raatalinammatin alalta. y. m., y. m. — ^ynna muuta, ynna muita, 
s. — substantiivi, nimisana. ynna muun jne. 



Adolpbus, Adolph. 
aakkoMllifiM alpbabetlc (al) [Ust, luette- 
k>J. nkkoMi aipbil>et; (the) a-b-c (myOit 
kuv., ks. aflrootj . 

MkkMijiriMtys alplial>etical order; vrt. 
•Mttaa, hMtsila. -liMtUlo (klrjassE) index. 
•allokko swell; sea; (aaltollu) surgrlDg (of 
tHe wares); ks. mmrl, 

(ybd.) . . or a wave, wave- [eslm. 
crest of a wave, wave -crest; -Aol- 
wave-llke; -pUmu leogtli of a 
wave, wave-length]. -Jiljet prints of tne 
waves, wave prints. -murtiUa breakwater, 
mole. -vir« ripple. 
aalto wave; billow; (vyOry-) roller; mtd- 
Im pokjm f 1. inakao) trough (Of a wave) ; 
ma it ^ i^n mHUmtfrnim drifting on tbe waves, 
adrift on tbe billows, vrt. ajella; maiioimm 
omiiman kS. Jontua. 
aaHoilemln^n — aaltoUu. aaltoileva surg- 
ing [ocean, moril; billowy; waving; 
swaying; riowing [beard, parta]; undu- 
lating; tmitmiUmtt hmtrit waving (1. wavy) 
locks; vrt. laUMhttva. 
aattoilla cesim. Jirvestft) be covered (1. 
cut) witb waves: (meresti:) heave, swell 

(molemmat myos kuv., esim. povesta), 
surge, billow; (hulmuta) wave; (huo- 
Jua) sway; (maasta y. m.) undulate; '*' 

wMrmttimn be rippled, ripple; iibrvi mJtoi- 
Im hmcmMti the lake is rough, there are 
big waves (1. tbe waves are high) on the 

lake; rtda rndtoUmm tmd—aa the rye is 

swaying in (L before) the wind, aaltollu 

heaving; surging (of the waves), swell; 

(ealin. maan) undulation. 
aalte|l«vy corrugated sheet [of iron, tin 

etc.]. -Ilike wave-motion; (fys.) undulation. 
aaltemalnea wavy; wave-like; undulating. 
aaltomaiaeatl: '*' maotfocfmrat, «* UUfhtivd 

undulating. 
aaitolteoria (fys.) undulatory theory. 

-vilva wavy line; (geol.) wave-line. 
•Ml (nestemitta) aam, 
aamlaliieii breakfast; 

breakfast-time; olta 

breakfast, (paralkaa) 

breakfast, vrt. sytfdl 
aamlala- (yhd.) 

breakfast-time; 
aMnif morning; (nuLj mom; (kuv.) dawn; 

— ■■Wig in the morning; m 

(every) morning and evening; 

rmummm at daybreak, at dawn; 

Oimmm from moming till night; 

mmrkmlm from early moming, from (l. at) 

an early bour; vrt. huooMB'*'. 
•amu- (ybd.) moming realm. -mnrinhQ 

rooming sun; "iwm moming train; -imhti 

morning paper; 'tMhH moming star]; 

(joskus:) early [esim. 'iwm early train; 

'tunmit early hours], -lietkl moming 

(bour); mmmtOtmiki katUat ktMia (sananl.) 

the early bird catches the worm; early 



at 

bo at 

be eating one's 

(aamlaista). 

breakfast- [esim. -«aNi 

'p9ytM breakfast-table]. 




to bed and early to rise makes a mau 
healthy, wealthy and wise. -Iiimiri gray of 
the moming, morning twilight; dawn. 

aamuinen (yhd.) . . morning's [esim. •Uia- 
'^ yesterday morning's; tibnUn'^ this 
morning's] ; with a . . morning [esim. 
kauniB^ [p&iv&] [a day] with a beauti- 
ful morning], aamuitin In the moming; 
of a moming; mornings; vrt. alaa. 

aamulllnen: '*' wadm this morning's rain, 
the rain of this moming. 

aamunlkoiu, -koitio, -aarastut dawn (of 
day), daybreak. 

aamulnuttu (nalsen) moming (1. dressing) 
gown, (lOybft) kimono; (miehen) bath- 
robe, dressing gown, -puhde: mamaptth' 
tmmiim in the early moming (1. hours). 
-puoll » aamnpXivl; aamnBwulmUa pHiviUi 
in the forenoon; aaau«Niol«|lla (1. -ata) 
y9tU ks. aamaytf(stll). -pilvi forenoon; 
moming; kmUo 10 mannpaivmd at 10 
O'clock in the moming, (klrj. tav.) at 10 
A. M.; vrt. tlnMMii. -rutko moming glow, 
glow of the dawn, rosy dawn. 

aamuMlla in the moming. 

aamultunnelma moming atmosphere (1. 
effect), -unlnen sleepy mornings (1. In 
the moming). -vlllei cool of the mom- 
ing. moming freshness. -y« (time) after 
midnight; munuyBatU after midnight, to- 
wards daybreak, m the small hours. 

Aapell Abel. 

aaplnen, aapltklrja a-b-c book; book for 
beginners, primer; speller, spelling book. 
aapltto alphabet. 

aaprotti (kasv.) abrotanum, southemwood. 

aarakkl arrack, -punaal (ar)rack punch. 

aarl (metrisen plntamlttauksen ykslkko) are. 

Aai*o Aaron. 

aarre treasure; hoard, -altta. -kammio 
treasure-house; treasury. -I6ytd (lak.) 
treasure -trove. 

aarteeenleuiji treasure-seeker, -kaivaja 
digger for (hidden) treasure (s). 

aarUlnen (yhd.) . . with . . treasures 
[esim. rofiMW'*' with rich treasures]. 
aarUlato treasure, hoard; (aarrealtta) 
treasure-house, treasury. 

aaai donkey, ass (molemmat myds kuv.); 
(suuri tyhmyrl) Jackass. 

Aaaia Asia, aaalalalnen I. (a.) Asiatic 
[race, rotu], Asian. U. (s.) Asiatic. 

aaalanpuoleinen situated on the Asiatic side; 
(i4)'« TnrkM Turkey in Asia, Asiatic Tur- 
Icey; (A)'-' Vmn&iM Asiatic Russia, Russia 
in Asia. 

aaalmainen asinine, ass-like, aaaimaltuut 
asininity. 

aaaiii- (yhd.) . . of an ass. ass's [esim. 
'konm ear of an ass, ass^s ear; -varaa 
colt of an ass, ass's colt (1. foal)]; don- 
key-, ass- [esim. •aMa donkey -driver, 
ass-driver], -nahka ass* skin, -tamma 
she ass, Jenny (-ass). 



» 



AaUml 



— S — 



ahdMli«nklii«fi 



AaUmi Adam; vmnhm ^ (kuv.) the Old 
Adam. MUminlomMia, -p«l« Adam's wpple. 

aaU idea; notion; (aatos) tbougbt; (Inan- 
ne) ideal; (periaate) principle. 

aate- (ybd.) . . of ideas [esim. -oMMJlma 
world of ideas; -^ri field (1. spbere) 
of ideas] . 

aateii noble birth; (aateUsto) tbe nobility: 
vanhaa aaimUa Ol Old nobility. Of Old and 
noble family, aatelinen noble, of noble 
family. 

aateiitUarvo rank (1. dlgmity) of a noble; 
nobility. -kartano manor (ial estate); 
(rakennus) manor-bouse, -kirja letters 
patent of nobility. -miee nobleman, 
noble, -nainen, -neltl lady of rank, -auku 
noble family; aaflUBtakua Of noble fam- 
ily, -eiity nobiUty; (vanb. valtiop&lviUi) 
Estate of tbe NobUity; Aoroetoa aatmUm' 
•aatyyn raise to tbe rank of a noble 
(1. to tbe nobility), ennoble. 

aatelitto tbe (body of) nobles, tbe nobiU- 
ty, (Engl.) tbe peerage; (ylimystO) tbe 
aristocracy, aatelituut nobility, aatelia- 
vaakuna armorial bearings; vrt. vaalnma- 
kilpi. aateliton not of noble birth; aatm" 
littomai Bsadyt the unprivileged estates. 

aaUlla ks. aJatelU. 

aauioida: '*' /eJhi confer a title of nobili- 
ty upon one, ennoble one, (Engl.) raise 
one to the peerage, confer a peerage 
upon one. aateloimlnen ennoblement. 
aateluut nobleness, nobility. 

aauirlkaa rich (1. fertUe) m ideas; (rikas- 
ajatuksinen) sententious [wisdom, vii- 
saus]. -rikkaut richness (I. fertility) of 
ideas, ^uunta trend of ideas, -virtauk- 
—i currents of thought (1. of ideas). 

aatos thought; idea, notion. 

aattaallinen mtellectual; ideal; (periaat- 
teellinen) mvolving principle, fundamen- 
tal; (ihanteellinen) Idealistic; '*' ihminmn 
a high -minded person, a person with 
high ideals, an idealist; aattmmiU9mt harroM' 
tuhamt noble endeavors, striving for high 
ideals; intellectual activity, aattaallitatti 
ideally; (henkisesti) mtellectually. aattaal- 
lituut ideality, idealism, aattaaton without 
ideas, destitute (1. void) of ideas. 

aatto eve; jonkin aattona on the eve of . .; 
vrt. Joulu'«'» uudenvuod«n'«. -ilta eve. 
-piivi day before a holiday (1. a church 
festival), -yd night before a holiday. 

aava I. (a.) open; (avara) wide r ocean, 
meri]; vast, extensive [view, nftkOaia], 
expansive; aavalia m9rmU& on the open 
sea (1. main), on the high seas; aavoia 
aiumita vast areas. 11. (s.) ks. aukea, 11. 

aave i. (kummitus) ghost, specter, spook, 
apparition: (haavenftky) phantom; 2. (en- 
ne) foreboding; presage, omen; vrt. 
n&hdM. aaveeliinen — aavemain«ii. aavei- 
denpelko dread (1. fear) of ghosts. 
aaveflla ks. kummitella. aavemainen 
ghostlike, ghostly, spectral; spooky; 
aav€nuun€n htdpmuM ghastly pallor, aave- 
maiMtti ghostly, aavemaituut ghostli- 
n6ss. 

aavfkko vast treeless plain; (ruoho-) prai- 
rie, vrt. aro; (vuori-) (vast) plateau; 
(hiekka-) desert; (er&maa) waste; aaoi' 
kon paio prairie fire. 

aavfttaa have a presentiment (1. feeling) 
[that .., ett& ..], feel (it) in one's 
bones [that..]; (arvella) surmise, think; 
have an idea (1. notion) [of ..]; (epail- 
l&) doubt, suspect: (edeltftpain tiet&&) 
foresee, foretell; (odottaen) anticipate, 
expect; (tiet&ft, ennustaa) forebode, por- 
tend; ^ pahaa have a foreboding (I. a no- 
tion) that all is not well (1. of something 



evil), (epftiUi) suspect eyil (1. wrong); 
aaoi9tim 9itM I thought that (1. as much) ; 
Ml matfiMtmnni hUnmn ttdmomn I had no no- 



tion Of his coming; mnpM o9annut sUMn 
'^ little did I think then; kahapa Msi 
voittat '*' sUM Who would have thought it. 
aavistamaton unforeseen, unlooked-for; 
(odottamaton) unexpected. aavlttamaiU 
unawares, unexpectedly; mitiUn pmhaa 
aopuuunatta suspecting no evil, unsus- 
picious (ly), unsuspectingly; tapasin hA- 
nmt €Mvi9tamattmni I met him unawares. 

aavistut presentiment, foreboding, sur- 
mise; (ajatus) notion, idea; mintdtm H 
oUat €MPi9ttt9takaan 9iitS, mttM .. 1 had 
no notion (1. idea) that . . . -kyky clair- 
voyant (1. psychic) power. 

aavittuttaa: miiwa '^, mttu .. I have a feel- 
ing that . .; it strikes me (1. 1 surmise) 
that ... 

aavuut openness; wideness; vastness, im- 
mensity. 

abbeditaa (luostarin Johtajatar) abbess. 

AbaMinia Abyssinia. abaMinialainan (a. & 
s.) Abyssiman. 

abnormi (sftHnnOUisestft polkkeava) ab- 
normal; anomalous. 

abtolutltmi absolutism: (ehdoton raittlus) 
total abstmence. abtolutiatl (ehdottomasti 
raitis) teetotaler, total abstainer, abtoluut- 
tinen (ehdoton) absolute [alcohol, alkoholi; 
temperature, l&mpOtila; zero, nollapiste]. 

adjektiivi (kiel.) adjective. 

adraati address; petition, -kirjalmi address. 

Adrianmari the Adriatic Sea, the Oulf of 
Venice 

advarbl (kiel.) adverb, advarblaali adver- 
bial phrase, advarbinan adverbial. 

aaropiaani ks. lantokon*. 

Afrikka Africa, afrikkalainan (a.&s.) African. 

agaatti (miner.) agate. 

agantti (asiamies) agent; (edust^Ja) repre- 
sentative, agantuuri (asiamiestoimi) agency. 

aflitaattori agitator. agiUUioni (kiihotus- 
tyO) agitation. agiUUioni- (ybd.) ks. 
kiihotus-. agitaarau agiUte. 

agraari- (yhd.) agrarian [esim. 'Oik* agra- 
rian movement; -lllteo agrarian league; 
-pttofaa agrarian party], -poiitiikka agra- 
rian policy; ( -kysymys) agrarian question. 

agronomi agriculturist; agronomist. 

ah ah! (vol) oh! aha, ahaa aha! 

ahava (1. v.) March wind, ahavoittaa 
make . . weather-beaten, ahavoitua get 
weather-beaten; get tanned, ahavoitunut 
weather-beaten; seasoned [sailor, meri- 
mies] ; (p&ivettynyt) tanned. 

ahdanu packing, stowing, stuffing; vrt. 
ahtuu 

ahdat narrow [passage, k&ytftvft; view, 
katsantokanta] : (kaita) strait [gaU, 
porttil; (tiukka, piukka) tight [shoe, 
kenk&j; (rajotettu) circumscribed, lUn- 
ited; (ahdettu) cramped [space, tila], 
crowded [comer, nurkka]; '*' Hum ks. 
ummahtunut; ahtaaUa kS. aaua. olla, pitIM; 
ahtaaUa rahamta (hard) pressed for money; 
ahtaatim kS. Joutoa, ottaa, panaa; ahimmM€Mt 
rak^nnmttu kaupwrngimoMm crowded part Of 
the city; [esim. sanan] ahtau—a mmrhityk- 
m€mmU in the strict sense (1. exact mean- 
ing) [of the word]; mhiami mfat (vai- 
keat) hard (1. bad) times; ahtmu vaae- 
f€t tight clothes (1. dress); mmiltS on 
tiuaia ahdoBta there is no (1. not much) 
space to spare here, we are (1. it is) 
crowded in here, we are cramped (1. 
limited 1. pinched) for room. 

ahdat- (yhd.) narrow- [esim. 'katdainmn 
narrow -necked; 'mimlinMn narrow-mind- 
ed]. -Iiankinan short of breath; sliort- 



kteffs — 8 

winded; (kuT.) narrow (-minded), -henki- 
•yie ibartness or breatlL -mielioea (myOs: ) 
nerrow, biroted, UliberaL -mieliMeU nar- 
row-minded (ly). -Mlelieyye narrow-mind- 
edness, narrowness, bigotry, ^ulnen nar- 
row-necked [bottle, pullo]. 
■Udettea Have . . packed (L stowed 1. 
stuffed); ^ rUM Have a drying bam 
stowed wltb (sbeaves of) gram; «« e<y- 
tmmm Have . . packed full, nave . . filled 
(up L to tbe Xo^), 



Me steep, precipice; (m&en ^) slope, 
billside; HUd mm mkt—M9a tbe drying 
bam is stowed wltb (sbeaves of) gram, 
packed, stowed, stuffed: rnhd^t- 
mim tHmkmt tynmyriin packed like 
sardines (m a box); Uiytmmn '^ packed 
full, flUed up, cbock-d. cboke-)fuU. 

liidia (mer.) brace. 

iMlAko crusb(lng). crowding; (pula) 
straits; dlfflcttlty; distress; mkd&kotm 
man UiyUtt9 fL UytuA otm9m) packed 
[bouse, sallj, crowded, tbronged, full to 
tbe doors; rn kdirn k m n n maH tMymnM pMkma 
packed, tbronged wltb people, -iila 
stralU; distress; straitened circumstances, 
difficulty; (pula) pllgbt, predicament; 
mUm m MimkmiU m w w m be m Straits (L diffi- 
culty), be m a predicament (1. pllgbt). 

■MIetaa 1. (tr.) press [a debtor for pay- 
ment, velkamlesti maksusu], force, drlre 
(I. pusb) [one against tbe waU, jotakuta 
seinAi fasten] ; pmcb; (kiydi klmppuun) 
attack; (vainota) pursue, cbase; baunt; 
(kuT.) beset, barass [a country wltb 
war, Jotakm maau sodaUa], perplex, 
(vaivata) trouble, (palnostaa) oppress; 
t. (itr. - oUa abdas) be tlgbt; '-' htm- 
kmtm hymymyhaiUM barass (L torment L 
press) one wltb questions, (alltulsilla) 
importune one; h a m ka Mm l (h ritHtmni) ^ 
I am abort of breatb, it is bard for me 
to breatbe, I bave difficulty m breatb- 
ing; kwmm% ^ aydMmiMmi dread (1. ter- 
ror) oppresses my beart (l. makes my 
beart beavy); hmmkM ^ rUmmaim (puris- 
taa) tbe aboe pincbes over tbe instep; 
mMMM mihmm ^ I am getting anxious (1. 
becoming distressed), my beart is get- 
ting (L growing) heavy; aita pahmaH 
i mm kum [h^Um] mhdiaimmm be bard press- 
ed by a p. (a tb.]. ahdlttaja one wbo 
besets (L Harasses 1. perolexes): (byOk- 
lU&jA) one wbo makes (i. made) an at- 
tack, tbe attacking party; (valnooja) 
pursuer; baunter. ahdistelUi trouble, bar- 
ass, perplex, press; (alltulsllla kysymyk- 
slllt y. m.) importune; (vamota) pur- 
sue, ahdistelu harassing, pressmg, per- 
plexing; pursuing, chasing, ahdlstut op- 
pression, anxiety; distress; (tuska) ag- 
ony, throes; mhdiaiukaam mlainam oppress- 
ed; distressed; (masentunut) depressed, 
dejected. 

ahdee amount of cut grain packed m a 
drying bam. 



striving (s); bustle; hustle. 

tarn work eagerly (L hard 1. like a Trojan) ; 

busy O.S., bustle; (raataa) toll; strive. 

■Hertaminen hustling; toU(lng), striving. 

aMm§m (flsh-)4>ear, flshglg. 

ahjo forge (myOs kuv.); (kuv.) seat, 
nest; ks. opta*'. 

abkera diligent [m doing a th., Jotakln te- 
kemiin]; industrious; (tyOteli&s) hard- 
working; (tarmokas) energetic; (tarkkaa- 
va) attentive; (uuttera) assiduous; (ahke- 
raan bAIrtvi) busy; (^ kiym&kn Jossa- 
km) frequent: «« kmpmkkaviaraa a fre- 
quenter of saloons; ^ kirkcaaakiMiM 
frequent churchgoer, (sAinnOllinen) reg- 



— ahtaa 

ular attendant at church; mhkarmaam tySa- 
aM busy working, busily at work; «* tamt- 
tariaaMMis regular theatergoer, fre- 
quent attendant at the theater, ahke- 
raan, ahkeratti diligently, mdustriously; 
attentively; assiduously; busily; fre- 
quently; ctmui on matuttmom ahkarmmn, 
ha .. (Jkpv.) you have to step lively (L 
step along pretty quick), if . . . 

ahkeroida be busy (at work); exert o. s., 
endeavor: strive, try hard; take (1. be 
at) pains to; labor [to attain an end, Jo- 
honkm paamftkrUn pft&st&kseen] ; ^ adia^ 
tySkaaan Strive (1. be at pains 1. exert 
o. s.) to make progress. 

ahkeruut diligence; mdustry; assiduity; 
activity. 

ahkio Laplander's sled, pulk(ha). -retki 
trip In a pulkha. 

ahma wolverjene (1. -ine) ; (Engl.) glutton. 

ahmailla ks. alunia. ahmailu gormandizing, 
gorging [upon]; gobbling, bolting; de- 
vouring. 

ahmaista devour (with avidity), eat vora- 
ciously (1. ravenously) ; gobble, bolt 
[one's food, ruokansa] ; «* atmhtmaa swal- 
low greedily, gobble, bolt. 

ahmatti glutton, gormandizer; (Jkpv.) pig, 
hog. 

ahmla devour (myOs kuv. » ahmien naut- 
tia) ; (ahmailla) gormandize, gorge, (one- 
self L itself) [upon, Jotakln], (JkpV.) pig 
down [one's food, ruokansa]; (kuv.) 
feast [on 1. upon], revel [in]; '^ kmt- 
aaiUaan f 1. aUmiUSMn) devour . . with one's 
eyes, feast one's eyes (up) on; «« Jonkun 
aanoia drink in a p.'s words; '*' atmhtmaa 
gorge (L glut) o. s. with, gobble, boll, 
(mfttt&&) stuff o. s. on (1. with), stuff 
one's mouth with. (Jkpv.) fiU up on a 
th.; ahmian, ahmimalia voraciously, de- 
vouringly, vrt. nauttia; Uakit ahnUoat 
aaaliataan the flames were greedily de- 
vouring (I. were Ucking up) their prey. 

.ahmija devourer; glutton, gormandizer; 
vrt. ahmatti. ahmlmlnen, ahminta =- ah- 
mailu. ahmlva ravenous [appetite, ruoka- 
halu]; devouring [look, katse]. 

ahnaasti greedily, avariciously; voracious- 
ly, with voracity (1. greediness): (kiih- 
ke&sti) eagerly, hungrily, covetously. 
ahnas voracious; ravenous; gluttonous; 
wolfish [appetite, ruokahaluj; (kuv.) 
greedy; vrt. seur. ahne greedy; (ahvattl) 
gluttonous, wolfish; (saita) avaricious, 
miserly, niggardly, sordid; (halukas) 
covetous, eager [for 1. after, jollekln]. 
hungry; ahnain ailmin With greedy (1. 
hungry) eyes; rahan ahna greedy for 
money, covetous, ahneetti » ahnaastL 
ahnehtia (Itselleen) lay hold of greedily, 
grasp [at 1. after. Jotakln]; (kokoon) 
hoard up; (halata) covet, have a craving 
for; ahnahtia raohaa awmhanaa kS. ah- 
mla; ahnahtian graspingly, hoggishly; 
ma ahnahdi anampUa knin fakaat ay6da 
(Jkpv.) don't let your eyes be bigger 
than your stomach, ahnehtiminen: lonMn 
aknahtiminan grasping after (1. at) a th.; 
hoarding up. ahneus greed (iness). avidi- 
ty; (petomalnen) voracity, ravenousness; 
(kltsaus) stinginess, closeness; close (1. 
mean) ways; (saituus) avarice; niggard- 
liness: (hlmo) covetousness; rahan ah' 
nana love Of money, greed (for money). 

abo clearing (left waste) ; (kenttft) mead- 
ow, -slenl common mushroom. 

ahrain » atrain. 

ahtaa (sulloa) pack full, (t&yteen) stow, 
stuff; choke; cram; (t&yttl&) fill up; 
'• riihi pack sheaves of grain In a dry- 



» 



ahuanlatnart 



— 4 — 



alka 



inff iHirn, stow a drylnflr bam wltii 
(sneaves of) grain; '■^ lokm ei(ye««fi /o- 
eoMn pack a tii. full with, stuff (1. stop) 
a tb. (full) wltb, cram a th. with, 
(eslm. porausrelkA) fill up (L stop) 
with a th. [huoQL eslm. InfriUbo all «^- 
dmttwk taytmmn ilumi9iM tbe Cburch was 
crammed (witb people), tbe churcb was 
packed full (1. was full to tlie doors 1. 
was chock-full of people)]; vrt. ahdettn. 

ahtaanlainen somewhat (1. rather) narrow 
(1. tight), ahtaatti tightly, closely. 

ahtamlnen packing, stowing, stuffing; e4x- 
e««n *^ packing full, cramming; filling up. 

ahtaus narrowness, tightness; (ahdlnko) 
crowding; ks. tilaa^. 

ahuutua crowd [into a small room, ple- 
neen huoneeseen]; Jam [into]. 

ahtoJAA pack-ice, pack. -vyOhyke sone of 

Rack-ice. 
ven perch. 

Ahvenanmaa Aland; AhvmnanmaaUa on 
Aland; Ahvmnannuum »mariBio the Aland 
archipelago. Ahvenanmerl Aland's Haf. 

ahvenllparvl school (1. shoal) of perch. 
-ruoho 1. -viu (kasv.) pondweed. 

ahvettua = ahavoitua. 

ai oh! oh dear! ouch! 

aidake railing, rail; (oikeussalln) bar. 
aidakaet => aitatarpMt. 

aidanypano putting up a (wattled) fence, 
rencmg. -aeivAa fence -post; stake (in a 
wattled fence), -vitsaa withe. 

aidas rail; aidaksia rails, (altatarpeita) 
fencing, wattle, aidata fence; fence in 
(1. around), inclose (by a fence), aldattu 
fenced, inclosed (by a fence); aidatta 
alum Inclosure, enclosure. 

ale (alkomus) intention; intent, purpose; 
(suunnitelma) plan; (tuuma) design; 
motive, object; (tarkotus) aim; (vahva 
'*') resolution; aikmmm9a (aikoen Jotann) 
planning (1. aiming) to do a th., consid- 
ering a th.; (Jossakin tarkotuksessa) for 
the purpose of . . , ks. oUa; hUnmilM mi 
pahat aikmmt he has bad (1. evil) designs, 
his mtentions are bad. 

aiemmin earlier, before; (edellft) previ- 
ously, formerly. 

Aifldia: Aigmian mmri the /Egean Sea. 

aihe (syy) cause, reason; occasion; (pe- 
rusle) ground(s): (vlehftke) inducement; 
(alne) subject, theme, topic, (joskus:) 
matter, subject-matter; (taldeteoksen y.m.) 
motive, motif; (alku) beginning, origin, 
rise; (alkul&hde) source; (esine) ob- 
ject; vrt. aina; tdhmmtta ks. aihaatto- 
maati; tonkin '^ (syy) reason (1. cause 
1. occasion) for, cause of, (alkusyy) 
source of, (alne) subject of (1. for), 
(esine) object of [eslm. nanrvm «« cause 
for laughter, (esine) object of mirth]; 
mimtiMkmlyn aikmtta matter (l. fOOd) for 
reflection; mi»tM oimt aihmmn aoonne 
where have you got the motive from? 
what has suggested the motive to you? 
on aihmtta tmhdM «« mtdBtntttM there IS 
reason (1. there are grounds) for mak- 
ing such a remark, that remark is well 
rounded; tUkmn mi ola mitUUn aikmtta 
there Is no reason (1. occasion) for It, 
(perustetta) there is no foundation for 
it, it is unrounded; oollenltaafi aikmtta mi 
olm olmmasma there is no reason to com- 
plain (1. no occasion for complaint). 

alheellinen well-founded, well-grounded; 
(oikeutettu) Justifiable, Just(iried), le- 
gitimate; (Jftrjellinen) sound, reasonable. 

aihtenlpitely 1. -kialttely treatment of the 
motive (1. theme). 

aihteton ungrounded, groundless; (perft- 



tOn) unfounded [rumor, huhu], baseless: 
(v&&rA) false; (ei oikeutettu) unjustified 
[blame, molte; remark, mulstutusl, un- 
justifiable; unauthorised, unwarranted; 
uncalled-for; ^^ kMyytym false alarm; '■^ 
majafntaa unjustifiable (1. uncalled-for) 
remark; ^^ pmiko groundless fear, imagi- 
nary fear(S); aihmmttommn mkmra unjusti- 
fiably severe, alheettomaatl without a (1. 
any) reason (1. cause), causelessly; ground- 
lessly; unprovoked (ly). alheettomuua 
causelessness; groundlessness, baselessness. 

alhelma (alhe) motive, motif, theme, sub- 
ject; (luonnos) design; (alotelma) out- 
line, (rough) draft, (taldeteoksen y. m.) 
sketch. 

aiheuttaa cause, occasion; bring about; 
lead to: call forth, call out, evoke: give 
cause (1. rise) to, bring on (1. about), 
give birth to; lead to the consequence, 
result in; (edellyttU) presuppose; (tuot- 
taa) prepare, furnish; '^ kumtannukmim be 
a source of expense, cause expense, cost; 
'^ rmHmlSitU cause (1. make) trouble, be 
a cause (1. source) of trouble; mmit/m 
oihmviH pHkdn kmmkustmiwm (myOS:) the 
motion mduced a prolonged debate; 
kMnmn tmknmam mi ^km uitmnut . . his acUon 
was not caused by . . , he was not 



caused (1. occasioned) 



ionUn 

by, arisen (1. sprung) from, called forth 



Induced ^1. moved) to his action by 

by, arisen (1. sprui 

(I. out) by; loJU mi aikmaUmm anuria 
tmwmiokaim the law will bring about (1. 
will result in) great changes; •« tdhmuiti 
mmiiim monta yUdiymtM It caused US (1. 
prepared for us 1. furnished us) many a 
surprise, it had many a surprise in store 
for us. 

aiheuttaja (alkuunpanlja) originator; (etup. 
elottomlsta) cause, source; kaoimmmn ^ 
cause of death; kwrfwrnimni '^ the con- 
triver of my misery; rmttmisidmn '^ Insti- 
gator of trouble [huom. myOs: kUn 
on koko rmttml9n ^ he is the one who 
has caused the whole trouble, he is the 
cause of all the trouble]. alheuUaminen 
causing, occasioning, bringing about. 

aiheutua (Jostakln) be caused (1. occa- 
sioned) by, be induced by, come (1. rise) 
from (1. of 1. out of) , originate in (1. from) , 
spring (1. proceed) from, be due (1. 
owing) to; (syntya) come (1. spring) 
up, ensue; mmitykmmatM mikmuHd pitkM km*' 
kuMtmltt a long discussion grew out of 
the motion: korfanatdimtM mi aikmutn- 
nut muuria kuatannnkaia the repairs have 
cost a good deal (1. have caused a great 
deal of expense) ; miata tSmU aikmutnu 
what causes this? what is the cause of 
this? what is this due to? aOtM mikmniuu 
h&nmUm anuria kuatatmukaia that will 
bring a great deal of expense upon him, 
that will cause (1. bring) him (a) great 
(deal of) expense; tnUpaia MkmnUd va- 
rmnattmmnudmata the fire was caused by 
(1. due to) carelessness, alheutuminen 
cause, origin, aiheutunut: hatmkin ai' 
hmutunut caused (1. occasioned) by . ., 
due (1. owing) to . . [huom. myOs: 
matkaata aikmutnnmmt ktMatannukamt the 
expenses incident to (1. Incurred on 1. 
caused by) the Journey], alheutuva: 
hatakin aikmutuva due (1. owing) to . . , 
(sukeutuva) growing out of. 

aiJe ks. ala. 

aika I. (s.) time; (et. hlstorlalllnen) age; 
(ajanjakso) period; (vuoden- y. m.) 
season; (palvelus- y. m.) term; (Jos- 
kus:) while; fhuom. lraiisalfiM«llalt««n ^ 
the epoch of migrations; kmaki^ the 



!5^*5®i-^55*'^**^^ w»rf«ii - (a period Mn) nowadays, at the present time (1 

2^ iLSStf^.J!Sf"' * century; e»ml«- day );etfWrn-rpiH#wfa(at^ttK tine™ year 

?-52Sr^rt tiSS^^'-f^i^L?/,.*^ '^^."'J' •''5*n!»^? ®"5«^ [a' i^ncillatloV 80- 

^* tSi,SJ^5i ■Li£?^.«nl«'^ Jfl' ^*°SiV ^^'i'^ *^"*' wo'^Jt [wonders, m- 

ods ^o ggjnyi^vrt. ^f^BUUlSia; ottoc* meitft], do; (alheuttaa) cause, make 



«H.fc «i.5^;.J""^' ,« yy« ««ar««>a up [great havoc, suurta vaurlotal; call 
?^*^J5? **™®?» up to date, modern; «iJk«iia forth; (Johtaa Johonkin) lead to; ifcomi- 
r.!l^°*!S!LL?5*^?™'. ^_.?P®_<course of) uamda hSiriSitu cause disturbance, dls- 



time, (hyvlssa ajoln) (all) m good time; turb, lead to complications; vrt. sMda 
■ft»w knOmkiH everything has Its thne, (aikaan). -eaamlnen, -eaanti effecting. 
every dog has his day, all things have an bringing about jne., vrt. edell. -eaattala 
end; mikoina ks. hakus.; mUninaan (Ihml- one who (1. that which) brings about (i. 
stst*:) In one*s day, (aslolsta:) In its effects 1. causes 1. leads to); originator: 
day, myOs =- alluauB; aihoia Mitten long (Jonkln pahan) Instigator, contriver, 
ago, long since; mikojaan, MkH, afaUa aikaaltUtavi time-saving, -viepi tlme- 
5!i-J!?^-' I'VS!^ r •"»»?»";«/« consuming (l. -absorbing); (hldas) te- 
ktdukwi ks. ajaalrahi; or/on mcriUU a Sign Of dious, lengthy, long, slow. 
the times; mfmn ollcii, aimn pHkSSn with alkMro difference In time, 
time. In (due) time, m course (1. process) aikalhmlnen adult, (Jkpv.) grown-up; aika- 
of time, as time passed (1. went) on, as ihmiMmt (myOs:) grown people. 
time goes on, m the long run; mimn ttJimn aikallemlnen delaying; lagging; vrt. aikai- 
wben the (right 1. proper) time comes, in !»• alkailla delay; be slow; waste time; 
course (1. in due process) of time; miam- POke, lag; loiter; tdkaiU vmetatmaaaan 
tmmm md^Ut ahead of the times, in advance poked (l. lagged) about answering, hesi- 
of the age; [olla] uhMtaan laij—a [be] ^^^od before answering, was slow to re- 
behind the times; uMkai, ajoin ks. hakus.; Pl^- alkallu delay; poking, lagging; 
mjoimsm in time, (alkalsm) early, (hyvissft iplterlng. 

ajoln) In good time, betimes, (aslanmukal- Aikainen 1. (varhainen) early, (vuodentu- 
sen aian kuluessa) in due time (1. season) ; losta, myOs:) forward; 2. lonkun -• of 
hmm '^ /oofim When the time comes, m due ^°® age (1. time) of . . [eslm. NapoleorUn 
season, all in good time; ibsn mlftMea «« /are- '^ of the age (l. time) of Napoleon]; 
tSM when my time comes, when my hour is ^I*; ■fr"*"!^?' Udttomuu*-. aikalteen 
struck, whoi I depart this life; minam on ~ f.*"^ ll" ***® morning, aaraulla], be- 
UktoM it is about (1. high) time for me to "roes. *t an early hour, alkaisemmln - 
go, I must go now; ni&in aikoihin at that SI25« •«»5J»«»mmln' (at the) earliest. 
time, in those days, then, (suunnllleen) •iWfl? °".,fH***»^"- alkalslntaan at the 
about that time; i«i 4^ tmnm mukaan f^^l\^^}' •<*•»•««• earliness. 
(myOs:) as the custom was then. alkaljakto period; epoch, era. -Jirjestyt 

•Ika n. 1. (talpumaton a.) good-sised, large, ^**''°T?'?|;*J?Ji x ^^i^^' , «rf*«/«r/«»tyfcl«««n, 
goodly, (Jkpv.) strapping big, vrt. ailni^ ''•'*? (myOs:) chronologically, vrt. aset- 
■ninen: <*' f^Wt^ "^ t^Ma (eslm. 8a1- "^' luct«IU. 

kun saannlstaT) roundly, soundlyt (eslm. •"5J??A"*' Rf^i^'^i <Wstoriallinen) age. era. 
sateesu.) pretty hard^- inrffce big lie; 2P?c^. •*''^^fi'*i'^'''Jf J;.x-'?*»** periodical, 

• MMJkW regular rascal (1. rogue) magazine; (alkakauslehtl) journal; (kler- 
J. (adv.) very (iknv ) nrettv miitA tokatsastava) review. 

mighty [big. suiiri MmelkolMn) rffhJ?; •"};"^itfr?".J'fn*??/f <*y- T^'''J• ^^^^i?*" 

f airly, considerably: -^ hyvtt oretty (1 ^*®' tdkakirlat annals, chronicles, records: 

fairly K^te)gS)d; -• 52ioS quite a (raam«un) Aikahirlet (the Books of) 

good deal, quite an amount? - \3k« Chronicles. ^lalte perception (1. sense) 

quite rich, pretty weU-to-do. .iw.i.i!S2;. 4^ «., * 

^duo tSne^n toJST T? ?roc«iS» 'if ^o®*"' "^^ »"« Renaissance]; hnkm, - 

Willi* f«r . n«rt!Li »rt ^Ji«.~i:'ii, ■IkamoJn.n food-sized, larpe. goodly; con- 

wniie, ror a period, vrt. vMI; /onkon — siderable; miKlitv: bl» hu»e- (aiiitn) 

^e."r''-?''JUL*^rtU!f*,V^^.^^^^^^^ powerful; ^^m' f^loo^^A Xv.^: 

JSS /t/^JI-\'^%-i[ }^V*^ ** ^^^J * strapping big) salmon; - tUrUhdya a 

time J t o spare), *£.«»»«JV.li*?;? f.2?"^?i' "^l^^^ shake, a powerful Jolt; ^ ialhl 

mtnwmm m pfe '*' fviia I have no time (1, a big He* '^ aUni a bla* (i Iolld^ vmrA 

I e«im)t ftad (My) time) to come; pian JkaBmuoti (kiS!) tense. ^.i?Mri Zl 

7t ***...'rt*' P**?*^ '• Z®"* * '^"^ ^^« -mMrilnen ks. mlUlrXaikaineii. -mftiriyt 

(1. while); mm pUpi '^ it takes time. It (kiel.) adverb of time, temporal adverb; 

takes a long (1. rather too much) time; vrt. aJaiimliXrKys. 

?Sf*r/rSS«Ti.^**V«t '^'®' ^^'' ' '^**"® •''^•"••' «*•"«'• '• »* mealtime; kaMekBan 

•ikaaiiimottaya (kiel.) temporal, -kuluttava kon ~ during a tUne (1. period) of two 

. . wasting time; time-consuming; tedious, weeks, durtSg tWoTeeki' time? (kabte^S 

•Ikaan: ^ mahdon wopimaton ill-timed, un- vlikkoon) for two weeks; [vuodenl ktm- 

timely; mi tmommmn (I. pitkttdn) - not for mimpana - in (1. during) the hottest 

a (very) long time, not this long time; season [of the year] ; Ludvig XiV:nnmn 

J^*f" tL /^L '*^?".®i *•"• ••" •' about '- in the age of Louis XIV., (hallltus- 

• J^.^JS?]* ^I •.(o'clock); miUn ~ (at) alkana) in the reign of (1. under) Louis 
what time? when? puoti—n -^ at (1. about) XIV.; minun aikanani in my time (1. 
dlmier-time; M^mn ~ at that thne (1. pe- day) ; oHmmiamn koimmn viikon - dur- 
rtod), then; tMkMn ^ by this time, (nyky- ing the last three weeks. 



Aikancan 



— « — 



alkancan 1. alkananM in time, in due (course 
of) time, aU in good time, betimes., 

aikaltaulu time-table, time-scbedufe: ai- 
kaiatdtm makaan pitSimi funmn UihtmM h:lo 
1 pMcsm (myOs:) the train is timed (I. 
scheduled 1. down In the time-table) to 
leave (1. depart) at i P. M. -ykslkkd 
unit or time. 

aikoa intend; mean, propose; (suunnitel- 
la) plan, destm; (valmistua johonkin) 
be preparing for; ^ ioksikukai intend to 
become a . . [eslm. Mm aikoo pmpikai he 
Intends to become a clergyman, (myOs:) 
he intends (1. expects) to be a minister] ; 
« htakin (esinetti) ioUmkuam (\. iofa- 
kfMta vmrtmn) intend (1. plan) a th. for 
one [esim. ^ htakin lahhk»i ioUekailm 
intend a th. as a present for one]; '*' 
poia»tmam pappia intend one's son to be a 
clergyman (1. for the clergy), mean to 
make one's son a minister, destine one's 
son for the Church; ^ fhdU iotakim in- 
tend (1. have an intention 1. mean 1. 
propose 1. plan) to do a th., (olla juuri 
alkeessa) be going to do a th., (tuumla) 
contemplate (I. be thinking of) doing a 
th.; aioin luuri lUhtmU, ktm .. I was JUSt 
about to depart (1. Just going to start) 
when . ., I was Just on the point of 
leaving (1. going) when . .; nion IShUM 
tdnH Utana I Intend (1. expect) to leave 
(1. I am planning to go) to-mght; aiom 
(mmnna) fattmriin I Intend (1. It is my 
Intention) to go to the theater, I am 
going to the theater; aion ryhtyS kirM- 
tamatm I am going to (1. I am to) write; 
«n aio MitS tmhdd (en suostu tekemftftn) 
I do not mean to do It; hUn aikoo lUhtmU 
wdkomaiUm he contemplates going (1. 
plans to go) abroad: kokoum oiottHn pi- 
dottUvakai tiiataina (oil mSftri plta§) it 
was intended to hold the meeting on 
Tuesday, the meeting was planned to be 
held on Tuesday (1. was arranged for 
Tuesday) ; paikka on aiottu torikai the 
place Is designed (1. intended) for (I. is 
intended to be) a market; vrt. aiottu. 

aikolna: [Jonkln] mnai ^ early In . ., dur- 
ing the first (1. early) years of . ., 
(alussa) at first, in the beginning of ..; 
kaikkina '^ at all times, (aina) always; 
ks. vilme. aikoinaan in one's (1. its) 
time (1. day) ; korran aikoinaan once 
upon a time, once. 

aikoja one who intends (1. proposes 1. 
means) to . .; koaluun '^ one who plans (1. 
means) to attend a school (1. who In- 
tends to go to school), (pyrkljft) appli- 
cant for admission rhuom. myos: kaikki 
koutmtn aikofat all those seeking admis- 
sion to the school]. 

aikojaan: ks. ennan, ilman, kaskan, suotta. 

aikomaton (el aiottu) not Intended, un- 
intentional; . . without intention (1. de- 
sign) ; unpremeditated, aikominan intend- 
ing, proposing, planning; contemplating. 

aikomut Intention; (ale) Intent, purpose; 
(tuuma, suunnitelma) plan, design; mo- 
tive; object: (ajatus) meaning; aiko^ 
mukamtta without intention, unintention- 
ally; minulla on ^ IHhtoS matkaiU I In- 
tend to set out on a Journey, it is my 
intention to go away, I contemplate leav- 
ing home; vahingoittamiamn aikomukamaaa 
for the purpose of causing damage (1. 
doing harm), with the design (1. view) 
to cause damage: vrt. aia. 

aikuinan 1. (Jonkin ^) contemporaneous 
with . .. contemporary of . ., coeval with 
hUnmn onnenaa ^ tuttava an ac- 
quaintance of his better (I. prosperous) 



(I. 



days; Uvikmrndon <* tyMkalu a tool Of 
belonging to) the stone age; aan 
a custom of that time (1. of those 
times 1. of those days); 2. (alkainen) 
adult, . . of age; (Jkpv.) grown up; '» ikimi' 
non ks. aikaihminan; vrt.aikaiiiaB« Mmaum'^. 

ailahtaa start, give a start. Jump; quiver; 
aydan aUmkii iloaim the heart Jumped (1. 
leaped) for Joy. 

aimo goodly; good, sound, thorough; 
hearty [meal, ateria]; (kelpo. kunnon) 
sturdy, brave; smart; '*' aoikMamumm a 
good thrashing, a tliorough (1. sound) 
beating, vrt. ailo^ 11; '^ tmvmilm soundly, 
thoroughly. 

aina always, ever, at all times; '^ aamal- 
sin (Utaiain) every morning (evening) ; '^ 
h9takim IMkiiom (I. amti) ever Since . . , 
(paikkaa llmottaen:) all the way from..; 
« nSihin asti ( right) up to this time, up to 
this very time, thus far, (up) till now; 
^ aon mnkaan kuin according as (1. to), 
ever as, always as; «* aUkmn mikamn maH 
right up to that time, till that very day, 
up to that very time; '^ aOta Uiktion 
ever since; '^ aiitM ammkkm ktm ever 
since; '^ sittoin ktm always when, when- 
ever; « aiHoin tSUSin every now and 
then, every once in a while, ever and 
anon, off and on; «« tMk&n asti to this 
very time, right up to this time, thus 
far, till now; -* vain constantly, (ybA 
vain) still [huom. mutta kSn " vain to- 
koo aitM but (Still) he keeps doing it]. 

alnainan perpetual, continual [vexation, 
harml Ja kiusa], lasting, permanent; 
(Jkpv.) everlasting, ainalsakai for all 
time, forever. alnalaMtl for always, for- 
ever (and ever); (ikuisesti) eternally. 

ainakaan: al «« at least not, at any rate 
not, not . . anyhow; mi '^ lUbt oitM aam 
at any rate he won't get it, least of all 
he will (ever) get it; mini an '^ pttoios' 
tani kyvakay aitH I, for one, (1. I, at 
least,) do not approve of that. 

alnakln at least; (vibinaftnkln) at the 
(very) least, to say the least; (Joka ta- 
pauksessa) at any rate, at all events, 
anyhow: '■^ kymmmnon piUvHU at least 
(1. to say the least) ten days, ten days 
at the least; «« mitS mimttm ttdaa at 
least as far as I am concerned; kitin '^ 
rokottinon miaa Just like an honest man; 
nunu '^ I, at least, . .; I, for one, . . . 

aina 1. matter (myOs kuv.), stuff; (kem.) 
substance, body; (raaka-) material; 9. 
(puheen, keskustelun, kirjotuksen y. m.) 
subject, theme, topic; (narjotus-, kou- 
lussa:) composition, theme, essay; Jba- 
miaUiaot ainoot Chemical bodies (1. sub- 
stances) ; vrt. aiku'«, kaakastalu'*', llUika'«» 
oppi'*', parus'*'» ravinto'*', tarttuma*-' y. m. 

alntallinan material; corporeal; substantial; 
(maalllnen) temporal; "-' cfv material 
benefit (1. advantage) ; «« kyvinvointi 
material welfare (1. well-being); k&nmn 
<« toimoonttdonoa on oOttt kyvU he has 
been prosperous as far as material wel- 
fare is concerned; ainooUiaot amiat mate- 
rial things, things temporal, ainaalliaaatl 
materially, corporeally; temporally, al- 
naalllatuttaa materialize, ainaalliauoa ma- 
teriality; materialism. 

aintankoatua testing of materials, -laltoa 
laboratory (1. establishment) for testing 
materials. 

alntanHkulutua consumption of material, 
-mukainan: ainaonmtUmlnan tuottoio table 
of contents according to subjects treated; 
(general) index, -vainto (biol.) metabolism. 

aintaton immaterial. 



— 7 — 



AlVAII 



^ 



•liMMukkMMn mite; atom. alM(h)i«to i. 
(^isiUysluettelo) table of contents, index; 
i. (alnekset) subject-matter; material; 
Mr#«i mimmiMtm (all) the subJect-matter 
for tbe book, aineklrjotus composition. 

aiaekalnen (yb<L) . . in subject-matter, 
with . . material [esim. rwmamm^ ricb in 
subject-matter, with rich (myOs: with a 
wealth of) material]. 

aiaeloea component, constituent (part), 
tnirredient. -ryhml (oppiaine-) grroup of 
subjects (1. studies); (kem.) group of 
bodies (1. substances). 

win— material, stuff; matter; (osa) ele- 
ment; mbtmkmt ingredients, materials, 
stuff, (esltelmftn, kirjateoksen. y. m.) 
subject-matter, material; hmnamn pmrhmai 
mimrnkm^ the pick (1. the Choicest 1. the 
best) of the people; rm^kaimHn oinmkBmt 
the ingredients of a dish, -kokoelma col- 
lection of material (1. subject-matter). 

aiiMvaibdoa (biol.) metabolism; (yhd.) met- 
abolic [esim. "tmadH metabolic diseases]. 

aineyMlttys compound. 

•inlMJial forever, ainlaan — AlmdMstL 

ainoa only [child, lapsi], sole [proprietor, 
onustaja; heir, peiilUnen]; single; soli- 
tary; '^ kyvMhayttMva the only accept- 
able [proposition, ehdotus], the only one 
to be accepted; -* Imuttmmn — aiBoalaa- 
taiiMa; ^ poikm the only son; hMn cU 
p m rh m mn '^ Impmi he was an (1. the) only 
rhUd of the family: tatmSn minomn kmrran 
(for) this once, alnoakaan: mi mlnoahman 
f. (a.) not a single, not one; 9. (s.) not a 
one. no one. none. aInoaJaatulnen the 
only one of its kind, unique; unparaUeled. 

aiaBiataaii 1. alnoatti only; (yksinomaan 
▼aln) merely, solely; ^ nimmUinm only 
nominal (1. titular), nominal (1. titular) 
only; '-^ tamUbi hmrrmn for this once only; 
mi '^ .., mmmm mySa not only . . , but also. 

ainaliMii, alnokainen only; (raam.: aino- 
syntyinen) only -begotten. 

atottu proposed; (tarkotettu) intended 
[for one. Jotakuu varten 1. JollekuUe], 
(suunniteltu) planned, projected; '^ 
mtm tk mm i my proposed (1. intended) trip, 
tbe trip I (had) planned, the trip I had 
intended to take; Imhimkmi ^ intended 
for (1. as) a gift; vrt. aUmu 

alpo oar; (lyhyt) scull; (mela) paddle; 
imima mirmOlm (SOUtamaan) Sit dOWn tO 
row. bend o. s. to the oars. 

airolnan (yhd.) . .-oared [esim. mmni*^ 
many -oared; nM'^ four-oared]. 

airokaa — aalMriitf. 

alrofilluHifca oarlock, rowlock; thole-pin (s). 
-ta^ blade of an oar. -varal loom, -veto 
stroke (of an oar), pull (with an oar). 

airopart pair of oars. 

airui (sanansaattaja) messenger, herald; 
(kuv.) harbinger, precursor, forerunner; 
(juhlakuOraeissa) marshal, (hftissi y. m. 
iuhiissa) usher. 

%kim -T.-^T, i^, k.>n>jvr, , z^iiSft; (parlval- 
jmhkfi-ajonouvujen) polP. tongue; (nuo- 
UDi wimi mitat (pair of> shafts; mimmt- 
him in th^ ^hArt«, k». Hlua, paana; «l- 
MfMtf in the ^hnrt^, (kuvj In check, ks. 

otU. pllli. py«yfi; aimoimtm kS. pUstilL 

_^„Mn -^ M *... . ;, wagon-Shaft. 

faMt»w wiiisoti4 \i. wikii liv/ Shafts. 

aiati sense; (maku) taste; (pukeutumlses- 
sa y. m.) style; hanmUU on aistia he has 
good taste: kmUM viimi mimtia all the five 
senses: rmmmndmn '^ taste for poetry, 
aiatia perceive, be sensible of. alatlkaa 
tasteful, in good taste; (tyyllk&s) styl- 
ish, eiegant; mimtikmrn puku stylish (I. 
tasty 1. tasteful) dress; mimtikkmm himnm 



exquisite, elegant [gown, puku]; 
mU mtita mimtihhmnia everything was In 
the best of taste. aiatikkaasU tastefuUy, 
in good taste, In a tasteful manner; styl- 
ishly, in good style: (muodikkaasti) 
fashionably, aiatikkuua tastefulness. good 
taste; elegance, style; stylishness; (muo- 
dikkuus) fashionableness. alatllllnen sen- 
suous; sensual, carnal; mimtilUnmn ihmimmn 
a sensualist; faneM aimtUlimtm nmuHnimm 
feel a sensuous delight (1. enjoyment), 
(lihallista) feel a sensual (1. carnal) 
pleasure, alatillisentaa render apprehen- 
sible to the senses, aistlllisetti sensu- 
ously; sensually, carnally, aiatllllsuus 
sensuousness, sensuality; (llhalllsuus) 
carnality, carnal -mindedness. aistimelll- 
tfn apprehensible (to the senses), per- 
ceptible; sensual, alstlmlnen perceiving. 
alatlmus perception, apprehension; sensa- 
tion, alatln (organ of) sense, alstlnhal- 
rahdue illusion; (valheaistimus) hallucina- 
tion, alatlton » epiaistilns. alatlttomuuf 
lack of (good) taste, poor taste. 

alatllvlalllnen defective (in one or more 
of one's senses); abnormal; (helkkomle* 
linen) feeble-minded, imbecile, -vlsllla- 
koulut schools for defective children (» 
schools for deaf mutes, for the blind 
and for the feeble-minded), -viailisuus 
abnormality; (helkkomielisyys) feeble- 
mindedness. 

alta fence; (aldaksista tehty) wattled 
fence, wattle; rail fence; (aitaus) fencing, 
(pensas-) hedge; (pysty-) pale(s) (useln 
kuv.), paling, picket-fence; vrt. kivi^, 
Uuta'*' y. m. altaamaton without fences, 
not fenced in. aitaaminen fencing (in); 
Inclosing. 

Altai Juoksu (urh.) leaping hurdles, -tar- 
paat (material for) fencing: wattle. 

aitaus inclosure, enclosure; (piha-) yard; 
(talli- 1. karjapiha-) corral; (huoneessa) 
railing; myOs «- aitMminen. -velvollisuus 
obligation to fence (1. to build fences). 

altio (teatterissa) box. -rivl row (1. tier 
1. circle) of boxes. 

alto- (yhd.) true, genuine feslm. -mmm' 
rikkmiminmn true (1. genuine) American: 
'mmhwmiainmn true German] ; real, sterling 
[esim. 'hmpma real (1. sterling) silver]. 
-Iiopelnan . . of pure (1. sterling) silver. 
-perilnen genuine, true, real, -euomalalnen 
true Finnish; mitoMuommiaiBmmn tapmmn in 
true (1. genuine) Finnish fashion. 

altovierl: aito\9imrm9Ma, -tfimrmmn close to 
(1. near) the fence. 

altta (ruoka-) shed (1. outbuilding) for 
provisions (1. supplies); larder; (Jyvft-) 
granary; (varastohuone) storehouse, -ra- 
kennus storehouse; (J3rva-) granary. 

aituu — aitaaminen. altuus inclosure; 
(karjapiha-) corral. 

alvan quite; right, altogether; (varsfn) 
very [well, hyvinl; (tAysin) fully; per- 
fectly [true, tosi]; (kokonaan) whollv. 
entirely, completely: (ihan) exactly: 
(Juuri) Just; «« aihrnrnttrnmoBti without 
any reason whatever, without the 
slightest cause; -» ofncea (aati) from the 
very (1. right from the) beginning; -^ 
mrinomminmm very best, tip -top; ^ ttmti 
right at once, right away, this very min- 
ute, right now; ~ huono altogether 
poor. abso1utel.y no good. (Jkpv.) as poor 
as can be; ^ l^yvin perfectly well, (vai- 
keudetta) without any difficulty [huom. 
myOs: minS vmit tmMS ««n ^ hyvin you 
win be perfectly able to do it] ; '*> itnum 
mitMn mpam Without any help whatever, 
wholly unaided; "-' kuin (Just) as if. as 



» 



alvasUa 



— 8 — 



«J«Ja 



tbouffb; '^ Man kmliU macti (1. entirely) 
too dear; '^ nHn exactly! Just so! that's 
it! ^ oikmin qtiite (L perfectly) rigbt, 
exactly; '^ piUntmBtoin quite to the con- 
trary [huom. asia on '^ pmnva&toin it iS 
just the contrary, the very opposite is 
truel; '■^ raahoMa in perfect peace, 
(raunalUsesti) quite calmly; ^ tana 
mi€M the very (same) man; '^ gUmimmmm 
edmMMii before our very eyes; '^ tmrvm 
fully well, in perfectly ffood health; 
^ vaktmtmttu fully (1. perfectly 1. thor- 
oughly) convinced; ^ vmrmaan for cer- 
tain (1. sure), surely, certainly, without 
rail, (epftilemattft) undoubtedly; ^ yh- 
dmntmhmviUi minwMm JUSt the same (1. all 
one 1. quite immaterial) to me, doesn't 
make any difference (at all) to me; '*' 
yhtS hypa Just (1. fully) as good; '*' yh- 
•in all (1. entirely) alone; '■^ tM^mn Just 
now, this very (1. Just this) minute, a 
moment a^ro; ml '^ palfon not very (1. 
over) much; hSn on '^ toinon mims he is 
quite a (1. an entirely 1. a very) differ- 
ent man; din '^ kuin toinmn mimm 
(myOs:) I felt a new man, I was a 
changed man. 

aivaetaa sneeze; pmnna tdvamUanaan ks. 
aivastuttaa. aivastaminen sneezing, al- 
vaatella sneeze. (yhA) keep sneezing, 
alvastus sneeze, sneezing, aivastuttaa 
cause sneezing, make one sneeze; minam 
aivoMtutti I felt like sneezing, I had to 
sneeze. 

aivlna swingled flax; (-kangas) linen, 
aivlnalnen . . of linen, linen. 

aivo ks. aivot. 

•Ivo- (yhd.) . . of the brain, (tlet.) cere- 
bral [esim. 'oine cerebral substance; 
'tanti disease of the brain, cerebral dis- 
ease; 'pmhmmnnyM softening of the brain; 
'Vmrmnvuoto cerebral hemorrhage, hem- 
orrhage of the brain]; (harvemmin:) 
brain (-) [esim. 'kuamm brain fever; 
'ontmlo brain -cavity], -halvaus (cerebral) 
apoplexy, apoplectic stroke. 

aivoinen (yhd.) . .-brained [esim. hmikkc^ 
weak-brained; auari'^ large -brained] . 

aivokalvontulehdus (Iftftk.) meningitis, al- 
vokalvot (anat.) meninges. 

aivollkohju hernia of the brain, -komero 
recess of the brain, -koppa brain -box 
(1. -case), brainpan; skull; (anat.) cra- 
nium, -polmu (anat.) convolution of the 
brain; (cerebral) gyrus, -puolltko hemi- 
sphere of the brain, -pdho water on (1. 
dropsy of) the brain; (Iftftk.) hydro- 
cephalus. 

aivotto brain. 

aivot brain [huom. i)rain8, tav. «- ftly] ; 
aivofen kovmtttuninmn SClerosiS Of the brain; 
aivoimn aurkaatwaninmn atrophy Of the brain, 
aipoimn toiminta brain activity; aivoimn 
vmaipHM kS. alvoptfhtf; iaot '^ the cere- 
brum; pimnmt "-' (\. taka'^) the cerebel- 
lum, aivotulehdus inflammation of the 
brain, brain fever; (Iftftk.) phrenitis. 

aivotua thought. 

aivotftrihdya concussion of the brain. 

•Jaa 1. (tr.) drive [a horse, hevosta; the 
clouds, pllvift; away, pols (1. tiehensft) ; 
one into despair. Joku epfttoivoonl; (kul- 
jettaa hevosella) haul [hay to the city, 
helnlft kaupunkiin]. cart, (vuokra-ajuris- 
ta pubuen:) dray; (ajaa takaa) chase, 
pursue, hunt [wolves, susia]; (pakottaa) 
compel (1. force) [one to do a th.. Joku 
Johonkin tekoon (1. tekemftftn Jotakln)]; 
(ammentaa) bail [a boat, vest (1. vettft) 
veneestft]; (kuv.) champion, advocate, 
espouse, push forward, work for (1. in 



behalf of 1. to promote); 2. (itr.) ride 
[a bicycle, polkupyOrftUft; a hobbyhorse, 
keppihevoselfa; on a train, Junassa], 
drive [a team, parivaljakolla] , go [by 
train, rautateitse; third class, kolman- 
nessa luokassa], travel [free of cost (1. 
on a pass), ilmaiseksi]; vrt. ajella; ^ 
Jonkun amiaa oikatidmaaa plead a p.'S 
cause in the court (1. before the court) ; 
'*' aaioita (lakiasioita) practise (1. be 
practising) law; ^^ kafdlmmn disperse, 
scatter; '■^ hmvomolla ride, drive; '^ himUm 
(h hikmmn) (Jostakin iftftkkeestft puhuen:) 
induce perspiration; '^ karjaan pakoon 
(cause to) stampede; ^^ karittm 1. (itr.) 
strike (on a rock), run aground, 3. (tr.) 
drive (1. run) . . on the rocks (1. 
aground) [esim. myrmky aloi iaivan ka- 
rittm the Storm drove the ship on the 
rocks (1. aground]; '*' karpanaa (luoda) 
Shed (1. cast) its hair; '■^ Ulpaa ride a 
race, (Jonkun kanssa) race a p.; ^ Jon- 
kun kintmrmUlM run close to one. (kllpa- 
ajossa) run one a close second, (takaa) 
pursue; '■^ Joku kamoon ride (1. run) a 
p. down; -*• lOpi drive . . through, (esim. 
Joku lakiehdotus) push (1. force) 
through, pull through, vrt. ^ perillc; -' 
maanpakoon (drive Into) exile, banish, 
expatriate; ~ Jotakin mimlipidmtta advo- 
cate (1. push) an opinion; '-' mUrilU 
(tr.) cause to suppurate; (itr.) suppu- 
rate; '^ nmUaiM trot; '*' nmlipaljakotta 
drive four-in-hand, travel in a coach and 
four; '^ oklmlmaanaa push forward one's 
policies (1. program), stand out for 
one's policies; « Joku opmata aloe turn 
one out of doors, turn (1. put) one 
out, expel; "-' pofcoon CI. pakoaailm) put to 
flight, (sot.) rout; "^ partaia)naa shave 
(oneself); '^ pmrilim carry through (to 
the end), carry out (1. to the end) 
[esim. '^ tnwnanaa pmrilim carry out 
one's plan (1. project)]; "^ poia drive 
off (1. away), chase, (karkottaa) expel: 
'^ jotakin poUtiikkaa Stand out for (1. 
advocate) a policy, push forward a poli- 
cy; <« Jotakin Jonkun piUiMtn (pftntfttft) 
beat (1. hammer l. pommel I. drum 1. 
pound) .. into one(^s head), cram (1. 
stuff) . . into a p.'s head; '*' raittintta 
advocate (1. champion) the cause of tem- 
perance, work in the interest of temper- 
ance; '^ rmmUa pihaan drive (1. ride In) 
a sleigh into the yard (1. right up to 
the door) ; '*' ayytmttU lotaknta vaataan 
(oikeudessa) push the case against one. 
prosecute; '*' takaa pursue [an enemy, 
vihollista], (give) chase (to), hunt, (Jftl- 
kift mydten) trail, track, (kuv. — tavo- 
tella) seek, aim at. aspire to, strive for 
(1. after) [huom. kakdmn poiHain takaa- 
alamana With two policemen In pursuit 
(1. after him 1. on his track) ; hntri aita 
oimn takaa alanut that's JUSt What I have 
aimed at (1. striven after)]; '«' timkmnaU 
(Joku) drive . . away (1. off), put . . 
out. send . . packing, pack . . off; (kar- 
kottaa, esim. huolet) dispel; '^ uloa 
drive . . out. turn (1. put) out, eject, 
(pahoja henkift) exorcise, (raam.) cast 
out; '^ nioa aiki8 perform an abortion; 
'*' yli aUian drive across a bridge, cross 
a bridge; laikaani '^ I have a painful 
sore on my leg; koira '■^ IMniatM the dog 
gives chase to (1. is chasing) a rabbit; 
aillalla mi oim Inpa "^ luoatmn fast driving 
on (1. over) the bridge is forbidden; 
tnuli '^ pHviM (myOs:) the clouds are 
driven by (1. driving before) the wind, 
ajaja (kuski) driver, coachman, (parival- 



«Jiltai 



Jakofi) tetmBter; (aatomobUlln) cbauf- 
reur; (kmr.) champion, advocate, (edis- 
tlJA) promoter; jonhin mgimn inn^kmw <-' 
ardent cbampion (1. zealous advocate) of 
a cause; hmrraa ty9»Mmmmaimn '■^ an en- 
tnuslastlc cHamplon of the cause of la- 
bor, an enthusiastic worker in the In- 
terest of the labor movement. 
alafcai: hmtk^m '^ Just for a moment; I^ 
hy^ni '^ for a Short time, for a while; 
wwm % % m Hmmin ^ for (the Space of) half 
an hour; yhimm vtmdmm ^ for a year, 
for a iMrtod (1. space) of a year. 
•Jalte "- aikaaa; mmhrnudmn '^ during a 
month, wlthm a month's time, within 
the space of a month; mmdMm ^^ In the 
modem aye, (nykyalkana) In modem times. 
•Jallmi, ajallanaa ks. aikalnaaB, -babm. 
aJaHtnea temporal; (maaUlnen) mundane. 

aJalllMnttoto ■- aflnaraoto. 
ajanatofi untrodden [road, tie], untrav- 
eKDed, untraversed. «jAmliien driving, 
riding Jne., vrt. ajaa. 
^Jan- (yhd.) . . or time [esbn. -kyymy 
question of time; '•imrnkmrninmn computa- 
tion or time; -inlMmw measurement of 
time; 'pitmm length of time], .. of the 
times, or the age [eslm. -fcmJU spirit or 
the times (1. or the age); -kmom picture 
or the times (1. or the age); 'mmrUd 
»ign or the times (1. or the age)]. -Iiukka 
loss or time; (-kulutus) waste or time; 
(vUvytys) delay, rjakto period; epoch, era. 
-kolitA point, moment; date, time; (kril- 
tlllinen) Juncture, -kulu L -kuluke pas- 
time, amusement; ulmnMhAai as a pas- 
time, ror (an) amusement, by (1. as a) 
way or passing the time, to pass (1. 
while away 1. beguUe) the time, to kill 
time. -kulittiM - aiaahokka; (tahalll- 
nen) temporizing. -klJUine epoch, -latku 
calendar; style; kriatBUnmn uhnimaku the 
Christian era; nmmhmm ^mmUMktm or old 
style, -luonfie ks. ajanh— M. -mittaajal. 
HRlttaH chronometer; timepiece, -mu- 
kalnen in conrormity with (1. appropriate 
to L abreast or I. up with 1. up to) the 
times; up to date; (nykyaikatnen) mod- 
em, -mukaieeetl up to date; ahanmnhaUmsH 
w Umai^i m i tnmnmmt rooms With aU modem 
rnmlshlngs and conveniences, -mukai- 
•«•• modemness, modernity. -mMri ks. 
■flraiMlriL mijpiy determination (1. 
speciricatlon) or the tUne; rixlng or (1. 
upon) the date; vrt. alfcamllrHy. -mli- 
riiaiielap* way (1. method) or determin- 
ing the time. -«tot circumstances (1. 
conditions or) the times, -pidennys ex- 
tenuation or the time (limit); (lykkiys) 
postpon«nent. -pitkiln in process (I. 
coursed or time, in the long mn, (lo- 
pulta) in the end. -puuto lack (1. want) 
or time. -eUetd saving or (1. in) time, 
-tlete (vanh.) chronicle, annals, -vaatl- 
ma required by the times, corresponding 
to the requirements (1. exigencies) or 
the times; vrt. i^aBmakalBMi. -vaihe 
period; epoch, era. -viete, -vietto pas- 
time; amusement; vrt. ajankulu. -vlivy- 
tys procrastination, delay; (tahallinen) 
temporizing, -voltto gain or (1. in) time. 
•Jattalka (vanh.) — vnoaL 
ajatella think [or (1. about), Jotakin]; 
fpunnlta) ponder, reriect (1. meditate) 
fon . .] : (kuvitella) conceive, rancy. im- 
agine (to o. s.); (harklta) consider, take 
iDto consideration (1. account); (ottaa 
huomlooo) bear in mind; (mulstaa) re- 
member, call to mind; ulmtMmm oMima 
think the matter over, consider it well; 
(Just) think or the 



— 9 — ajataluva 

consequences (I. or what will rollow)! 
uh**Umm tarkhmmm [ennenkun . .] consider 
(1. think) carerully (1. well) [berore 
..], consider (1. think) It over; (koetta- 
kaa muistella) take pains to recollect . .; 
'»' OMima tmrkmmumin think the matter 
over; '^ Jotakm hmlpokai think a th. easy, 
rancy (1. Imagine) a th. to be easy; '*' 
hyvMa h^akvBta think well or a p., have 
a good opinion or one; '^ Hmmka—n think 
to O. S.; '-' muuttmt miata be thinking or 
moving; '^ mm Mtmmmimmkmi conceive it 
thus; ^ tmhdM foi^dn mean to do (1. 
think or doing) a th.; '^ vmpmmmH think 
rreely, be untrammel(l)ed (1. unretter- 
ed) in one's thoughts; '*' MMnmrnnsM think 
out loud, think aloud; mhtmUmoismm 
mimvm kS. ajataltava (hakus.) ; m§mtt^m mn- 
nmnkun pnfmi think berore you speak; 
mfmttmlmhan mnain hinkan JUSt think a 
moment! Just take a moment's thought! 
afttitmimmmttm kS. hakUS.; mkMmimppmM, mt- 
etf Mn tomimmnkim on tmhnyt mmm Just 
think or (1. imagine) his reaUy having 
done that! mimttmlmppmm, h* Mn nSkimi 
mmn only think (Engl.: Just rancy) ir he 
should (1. were to) see it! mhttmlmppmrn, 
lorn tmkimin mmn suppose (1. what ir) I 
were to do it! mjmttmiin hMniH nuormm- 
mmkmi I thought him younger, (kuvltte- 
lin) I imagined him to be younger; «n 
timdM mitM siitM '^ I don't know what (I 
ought) to think or (1. about) it: <n vmi 
'" mitaMn mtnttm mahdoUimwrnttm I cannot 
conceive any other possibility (1. or any- 
thing else being possible) ; mt aim mits oi- 
Imnhamn mfmimUnt you have not thought or 
that (1. taken that into consideration) at 
all; hSn afaitmii hmamn, mnnmnkwm umkmlmi 
.. he thought it well over (1. he pon- 
dered the matter well) berore he dared 
to ..; /m mimttmimm, mtta .. ir one bears 
in mind (1. takes into consideration) 
that . .; kmahmintm, mitS '^ voi the most 
dreadrul thing to be thought or, the 
most dreadrul thing that could be Im- 
agmed; mimm miimi pitSnyt tmhdM niinktdn 
mnmin a/cef«f<n I ought to have done (I. 
acted) as I Intended in the rirst place, I 
should have carried out my rirst inten- 
tion(S); ndta ndntm on MnmmtM aiottmim' 
minrnn fl. olotmltovo) I don't know what 
to think or him; on olotmltm»o mooamu' 
ttiokin one must also bear in mind the 
provinces, the country (-districts) must 
also be taken in (to) consideration, the 
country-districts must be remembered, 
too; BitM ohimUmmmmni (\. afoimttmn} at the 
thought or it; torkmmmin ofoimttmmmoni on 
second thought (s). on rurther considera- 
tion; torkmmndn (omimm) oiotmltuuni arter 
thinking the matter over, arter reriecting 
upon the matter, vrt. myds edell.: voiho 
'^ mitaMn men htdltanpoa can you imagine 
anything more roolish? could you think 
or anything more roolish? ata mnaa mita 
a/oftolo don't think any more about that, 
dismiss that rrom your thoughts, put 
that out or your mind, (unobda se) 
rorget about that. 
ajatelma adage, maxim; (lyhyt J a sattu- 

va) aphorism, 
ajateltava to be (1. that can be) thought 
or; (ajattelemlsen arvolnen) worth think- 
ing or (1. taking into consideration), de- 
manding consideration; ofatmltaoimmo oimoo 
thinkable, conceivable, devisable, imag- 
inable [eslm. koikki ohtmltooiamo mimvoi 
koinot all means that could be thought 
or. all devisable means, all means imag- 
inable (1. conceivable); porom o^o^mtt^'^ 



► 



ajauliu 



— 10 — 



ajatuspfiri 



»i99a olmva Hiom tbe best conceivable re- 
sult, tbe best result imaginable] ; hStnmU& 
on poiion agaimHatHM he has much to 
thinK about; «• «l of« afatmitaviMatAaan 

such a thing is not (even) to be thought or, 
there's no thinking or that, it is (per- 
fectly) inconceivable, ajauitu (suunnl- 
teltu) devised, thought out; vimkhaoBti 
ajaimitu tonmaa Shrewd (1. Cleverly devised) 
scheme, a cunningly thought out plan. 

ajaton inconvenient, inopportune, unsea- 
sonable; ajattomaUa aSaUa at an inconven- 
ient time. 

ajattaa have . . driven (hauled, carted, 
drayed Jne., ks. ajaa, !.);'« SoilakuUa ie- 
takin have one drive (1. haul I. dray) a tn.; 
^ arkkunBo aammaile (myOs:) have the 
drayman take one's trunk to the depot; 
** partarua have o.s. Shaved, (Jkpv.) 
have a shave, be shaved; '*' wikiS aloa 
have an abortion performed (on o.s.); 
'*' pmsi vmnmmBta have the boat bailed. 

ajattalamaton thoughtless, heedless, incon- 
siderate, unthinking, unreflecting; indis- 
creet [utterance, lausunto; word, sana], 
unguarded [act, teko]; (Jota ei ole aja- 
teltu) unpremeditated, not thought over; 
(kevytmielinen) light-minded, light- 
headed, scatter-brained, frivolous; reck- 
less, rash [act, teko]. ajattalamatu 
without thinking, unthinkingly, thought- 
lessly, without reflecting (1. reflection) ; 
vrt. ajatcUa. ajattalamattomaati incon- 
siderately, indiscreetly; without consid- 
eration, carelessly, thoughtlessly; heed- 
lessly, recklessly, rashly; vrt. edell. 
ajattalamattomuut lack of consideration, 
indiscretion, thoughtlessness, want of 
thoughtfulness, heedlessness; light -head - 
edness. recklessness; rashness. 

ajattalaminan thinking jne.. vrt. ajatella; 
a/cef«f«mi««n tnrvoinmn worth thinking Of, 
worth taking into consideration, worthy 
of (1. demanding) consideration; hSnmUM 
on nlifi vMhMn ahtttmUmiata he has SO 
little to think about; «« antoi minuUm 
ahMmlmmiamn tdhmtta (myOs:) it set me 
thinking, it afforded me food for thought 
(1. matter for reflection); ««n pmlkM 
mJoHmimminmnhin /o kauhiBtiMttaa minam 
the mere thought of it Is a horror to 
me; aitU mi ol« miatieUminankman there's 
no thinking of that, it can never be 
thought of, that is perfectly inconceiv- 
able; vrt. ajattelu. 

ajattalava « ajattelevaiiian; '^ oimnto a 
thinking (1. reasoning 1. rational) being. 
ajattalavainan thinking, (of a) reflect- 
ive (1. reflecting 1. thoughtful 1. serious) 
(turn of mind); serious -minded; (huo- 
lellinen) considerate: (malttavainen) de- 
liberate, discreet; (arvelevainen) pru- 

. dent, careful, cautious, wary, ajattala- 
vaituut solicitude; thoughtfulness. seri- 
ous turn of mind, considerateness; reflec- 
tion, consideration; cautiousness, caution. 

ajatuiija thinker; (filosofi) philosopher; 
(viisas) sage, ajattafu thinking; renec- 
tion; (mietlskely) meditation, cogitation; 
(harkinta) deliberation. 

ajatuiuttaa set .. thinking (1. pondering), 
make . . thoughtful: (arveluttaa) make . . 
scrupulous (1. hesitate), make . . conscien- 
tious; minua alkoi '^ I began to feel scru- 
pulous, it set me thinking; vrt. arveluttaa. 

ajauiktalllnan concerning (1. pertaining to) 
tbe thought; intellectual: (looglllinen) log- 
ical, ajatuktaton (tolkuton) meaningless, 
senseless: without any sense (1. meaning). 

ajatuktanllharjotut exercise of the think- 
ing- (I, reftsoning-) powers; exercise of 



reason, mental drill. -Juokau 1. -kuiku 
(ajatustapa) way of thinking, run (1. 
line) of thought; (ajatuksenkulku) train 
of thought, chain of reasoning; (ajatus- 
suunta) trend (1. tenor) of thought; vrt. 
j&rjanjuoksu. -lanto flight of thought, 
-ponnittua exertion of the thinking- 
powers (1. of the mind), effort of 
thought, mental effort; smoiihanmUm UUm 
Muari aiatwJkMmnponniMtna it was too great a 
Strain (1. tax) on his mmd (1. his mental 
powers), -aalvyva clearness of thought 
(1. ideas), -vaihto ks. ajatustanvaihto. 

ajatukainan (yhd.) with . . thoughts [esim. 
rietoB'^ With Vile (1. Impure) thoughts] ; 
vrt. myOs: ajrvl— . 

ajatua thought; idea; reflection; - (merki- 
tys, sis&llys) meaning, sense; (kftsitys) 
conception; (mielipide) opinion, notion, 
view(s); sentiment; (aikomus) intention; 
uhttukaiinma vaiptm—na burled (1. lost 1. 
deep 1. absorbed) in thought, wrapt in 
thought; aiatnkaiaaaan in one's (own) 
thoughts, in one's (own) mind, (haja- 
mielisestl) absent-mindedly, in a fit of 
absent-mindedness [huom. oOa a/oenfcafs- 
aoon (I. afatukaiinaa vmipunmmna) be bur- 
ied n. lost 1. absorbed) in thought, be 
in a brown study, be musing, (jkpv.) be 
wool-gathering; tain aan aiatnkaiaamni 
(hajamielisyydessftni) I did it absent- 
mindedly (1. without thinking), (muuu 
ajatellessani) I was thinking of some- 
thing else while doing it (1. when I did 
it)]; '^ tmhdU loUMn thoughts (1. an 
idea) of doing a th., (aikomus) an in- 
tention to do a th.; hatnaUa on mtmrmt 
ajattikaat aiHM miahaatU he has a high (1. 
great) opinion of (1. a high regard for) 
that man, he thinks much (1. a great 
deal) of that man; hanan alatvkaanaa 
makmm (k&sltyksensft) according to his 
idea (1. notion), (mielipiteens&) In his 
opinion (1. estimation); MnaaaM HarMai 
'*' koattma toiata kainoa a thought rose 
in his mind to try another way, the 
thought of trymg another means sug- 
gested itself to him (1. to his mind); 
/o« aaan aanoa afatnkaarU if I am to say 
What I (honestly) think, if I am to give 
(you) my candid opinion (1. my senti- 
ments), if I may express my opinion; 
mikM on ainun miatukaaH ttaimata What do 
you think of (1. about) the matter? 
what are your ideas about (1. regarding 
1. on) the matter? what Is your opinion 
in the matter? miJUl aiinS on afatukaana 
What's the idea (1. meaning) of that? 
what's that for? mimMo on aHtU oma(t) 
afatnkaani I have an idea (1. opinion) of 
my own on the point, I have . my own 
private opinion about that; .. oil atitui' 
aaati hdnan alatukaiaaaan . . constantly 
busied (1. occupied 1. took up) his 
thoughts, . . was never off his mind (1. 
never absent from his thoughts) ; aan '^ 
(ajatteleminen) the thought of it. 

ajatua Haika time to think; time for re- 
flection (1. consideration) : vrt. mietti- 
misaika. -Juokau =» ajatuksenjuoksu. 
-kanta position, standpoint; point of 
view: (mielipide) views, oplnion(s): 
(mleliala) sentiments, -kyky thinking (I. 
contemplative) faculty, faculty (1. pow- 
er) of thought, reasoning faculties (1. 
powers), capacity for thought: kMyttUS 
aiatuakykyHSn use one's reasoning facul- 
ties (1. powers). (Jkpv.) use one's mind 
(1. head) . -markki =»ajatusvilva. -oppi logic, 
-peril nan abstract. •pHrl sphere (1. scope) 
of ideas; kMnan alatnapiiriaaUHn within 



i^JaUnMUNita 



— II — 



aksloml 



tlM scope of ms ideas. -auunU (general) 
drift or tbouglit, trend of ideas; vrt. aja- 
trnkammim^kmu Mapm way Of tbinklngr; 
way or looking at thinrs; (Jonkun Uval- 
linen) tiablt or tbought. 

aJUiwtitllMfclJa mind-reader, -luku 1. -lu- 
iMMlnen mind- reading, reading tboughts; 
telepathy, -valhto exchange (1. inter- 
diange) or tlioughts (1. Ideas) ; intercourse. 

lUa&iMltoiininta thinking, the act (1. 
process) or thinking; mental activity; 
thought- activity. -iyO mental work (1. 
application); brain- work, head-work; 
bought; vmmtU jmtkuvam aimtnaiyWi de- 
mands consecutive thought, requires men- 
tal application, -vapaua rreedom (L lib- 
erty) or thought, -vllva dash. 

■a (virran. aaltojen y. m. kuljetta- 
a) drirt. be adrirt; (tuulen y. m. 
kulJettamana) drive, be driven (1. driv- 
ing): (ankkurissa olevasta laivasU:) 
drag (her) anchor; Imivm almuhd karille 
the ship was driven aground, the ship 
drirted on a rock. 

«Jelelitia (latneina) be adrirt, drirt, noat, 
(etenkin tuuleo ^elemana) drive; (olla 
siklnsoktn, tavarolsta puhuen:) lie around 
(L about); « p m i k mBU toUmmn (kuv. » 
kierrelU ihnan pUmUrU) rove. dHrt (1. 
rioat) about, roam about: m§mlmhtimaM9a 
adrtrt. ajelehtiiiiliien drifting, ajelehtlva 
dnrting; rioating. 

«|elte (hevosella) ride, drive; (aJaa takaa) 
drive; chase [the flies, kftrpftsli]; (hiuk- 
set tai parU) shave (Ofr) ; offa aaltofen 
< ;M > «*« « be drirting (on the waves), 
be adrift; fmrfl aht— pUvHi the wind is 
driving the clouds, ajeitu: aimhn pntaki 
shaved (1. polled) crown. 

ajelu driving, riding; (ajoretkl) drive, 
ride; IMM^M mhhMm go ror a drive, go 
out driving, set out on a ride, -rata 1. 
-Ua drive; (joskus:) boulevard. 

^lattin swell, become swollen, purr up; 
Intumesce. ajettuma swelling; (lUk.) 
tumor. aJeitamlnen swelling, ajettunut 
swollen [from the blow, iskusta], purred 
up, swelled; 'tumid; protuberant; ahttw 
tmmt ha»09i swelled race, ajatus swell- 
ing, tumidity: Mm mimtwAaiMmm be swollen 
(1. purred up), ajatuttaa cause .. to 
swell, make . . purr up; (lUk.) tumery. 

aja (metsAstys) chase; hunt(lng); (met- 
sinotuksen, kolralla y. m.) drive, chase: 
(Iftlkii myOten) traU(ing), tracking; 
(hevos-) driving, riding, ride; (kuor- 
1) hauling, carting, canying; offa 
iM be out driving (1. hauling 1. cart- 
ing), be out with the team, -hauiika 
(sportsman's) hawk; (gyr)ralcon. -Iiavo- 
nan work-horse, cart-horse; (plka-ajurin) 
rab- horse: (kuormahevonen) drart- horse, 
(kaakki) hack; afof^rnvrnmi working team. 
-Iil«kka drirt-sand. -hlrki drart-ox. 

ajalkai: OtmMkai « rorever (and a day), 
eternally, to the end or time; pHkihmi '^ 
ror a long time, ror years and years. 

«Jolii: hyvUmM '^ In good time. In plenty 
or time, betimes; kaikin -» at all times, 
always, ever; mnnin '^ many times; fol- 
ate -* at other times, (aika '^) at times. 

^laltuiii at times; occasionally; ror pe- 
riods together; (aika ajoin) once in a 
while. aJoltlainan occurring at times (1. 
bitervals), periodic (al); (satunnainen) 
occasional. 

•jolJohu drart-animal, beast or burden. 
-Jii drirt-ice. -kalastua drirt-net rishlns; 
rfshing with a drirt-net. -fcalui harness (es) 
and swingletrees (1. whippletrees) ; vrt. 



ajokolra hound; (eri lajeja:) otterhound, 
roxhound, beagle, harrier; (mets&styskoi- 
ra) hunting-dog. -maiaJtotya hunting with 
hounds (1. dogs). 

ajolmatsiatya' (the) chase; (kuv.) running 
down, hot pursuit, -mfas driver, coachman; 
(t«ht.) Charioteer, Wagoner, Auriga; a/o- 
mimh€i (mets.) beaters, drivers, -neuvo 
(tav. pi.) vehicle, conveyance; wagon, car- 
riage; (tyO-) cart; vrt. ajokahit. -nuoiUl. 
-var kko drirt-net. -p«lkka drayage; cartage, 
(Engl.) waggonage; hSn oiti S doOaria 
ahpmihkmm he Charged 5 dollars drayage 
(1. 5 dollars ror hauling the goods). 
-pellt = ajon«inro(t). -poro drar4 reindeer, 
-rau drive (way), -raki sleigh; cutter. 
-ratkl drive, ride; (useita pftivIA kestftvft) 
driving-trip. 

ajoa tumor; (paise) boll, abscess. 

ajolsiita bridge to a bam. -^a carriage- 
road, wagon- road; (ajorata) driveway, -uu- 
ni (tekn.) assay- rumace, rerining rumace. 

aJu ks. Ely. 

ajuri liveryman: (Engl.) cab -proprietor. 
Job-master; (ajaja) driver, (parlvaljakon) 
teamster; (plka-aJurin kuskl) cabman, 
cab-driver; (kuorma-) drayman. (Engl.) car- 
ter, waggoner; vrt. ajaja. -asama cab-stand. 

ajurinlammattl (1. v.) livery (1. dray) busi- 
ness. -Iiavonan cab-horse, livery horse, dray- 
horse; (Engl.) hackney, -latuin driver's 
seat; (coach-) box. -kirryt (kuorma-) dray, 
(kaksipyOrftiset) cart; vrt. ajurlnvaunut. 
-takaa cab -rare; list or (cab-)rares. 
-vaunut carriage ror hire. 

ajurlyhdiatys cabmen's association; cab- 
drivers* union. 

ajutantti aid (e) -de-camp; (rykmentin-) 
adjutant. 

akaatti (min.) agate, -morttail agate mortar. 

akaillnan (nalnut) . . with a wire, mar- 
ried [man, mies]. 

akana husk; (kasv.) glume; mkanmt (koll.) 
charr; ktdn mkanmt Had— ma as charr before 
the wind, akanalnan charry; mkmnainmm 
Mpa bread with bran in it, bran bread. 

akataemikko (yllopistonopettaja) universi- 
ty teacher (1. proressor); (tiet. arvonl- 
men&) academician. akataemldlDnan ac- 
ademlc(al). akatamia academy; (yli- 
opisto) university. 

akka (old) woman; vrt. eukko, Smmi. 
akkamainan (old-) womanish, like an old 
woman; unmanly; (kuv.) mean, coward- 
ly; mkkmmminmn mimm milksop, akkamal- 
aaati like an old woman; meanly, cow- 
ardly, akkamaltuua (o1d-)womanlshne9s; 
lack or manliness; meanness, cowardice, 
akkavalta petticoat rule; olla ahkmvmUan 
mllm be henpecked; allfUr taiomma vmaitMmm 
mhkmvmlta (Jkpv.) the woman is the boss 
in that house. 

akkumulaattori (tekn.) accumulator. 

akkuna » iklnina. akkunua small window. 
loop(llght); (laivan) porthole. 

akkusatlivl (klel.) accusative (case). 

akiai(J)a (kasv.) columbine. 

akrobaatti acrobat. 

Aksall Axel. 

akaall I. (geom.) axis (pi. axes); 9. (mek.) 
axle; sbart; (et. pleni) spindle; konmmn '^ 
sbart or an engine; Mrryn '^ axle of a 
cart, cart-axle; moon -*• the earth's axis. 

akaalinan (yhd.) with . . axles feslm. 
kakmi^ with two axles] ; with . . sbarts 
(1. spindles). 

aksalilpokti 1. -peal Journal-box, axle-box, 
-tappi linchpin; axle-pin. 

aktidanaaipaino Job printing office. 

aktioma, aksloml ks. mIvUK 



I 



aktiivl 



— 12 — 



•lankoirtMiidiiiH 



aktiivl (klel.) active (voice), aktiivinan 
active, aktlivlaaatl actively. 

akuatlikka acoustics, akuttinan acoustic. 

akutin curtain. 

akvaarl 1. akvarlo aquarium. 

akvaralfl water color (painting); aqua- 
relle, -maalaaja water color painter » 
painter In water colors, -maalaua paint- 
ing In water colors, water color painting, 
-maall I. -virl water color. 

ala territory, ground; area; (ammatti-) 
trade, profession; (tolml- I. valkutus-) 
line, field, sphere, scope, province, do- 
main; (osasto) department, branch; (lllk- 
kuma-) range; (ura) career; (laajuus) 
extent; (tUa) space; afaffaofi (ammatls- 
saan) in one's trade (1. profession 1. 
line), (palkallaan) in one's place, quiet, 
ks. pytyK; iudkiUa inhimaiismn tiedon 
aioiiia in every department (1. sphere 1. 
domain 1. province) of human knowl- 
edge; foola ataltaan large In extent (1. in 
area); maSratyUa ataUa within a given 
area (1. space), (kuv.) within a given 
field (1. sphere 1. province 1. domain) ; 
9iaU atatta hMn di mrinonudn^n in that 
branch he was excellent; Hmdon «H ofol/- 
ta from various fields of knowledge; tim- 
tmmlU99Ua (I. timfn) alaila Within the do- 
main (1. field 1. province 1. scope 1. sphere) 
of science. In the scientific field; vrt. 
ammatti'*', BKkS'*', toiminta'*', tyU'^ y. m. 

ala-* (yhd.) (alempi) under, lower [eslm. 
-'hmoi lower (1. under) lip; •taokka low- 
er class; ^puoli lower (1. under) side], 
(joskus:) nether; (arvossa tal merkityk- 
sessll) sub- [eslm. -*omJt«« subcommit- 
tee; •o9a»to subsection, subdivision]. 

alalafvolnan not up to the standard (1. 
mark), below the standard, base [coin, 
raha] ; Inferlord.poor Mow) quality; (of) in- 
ferior (value); cheap; (arvoton) unworthy; 
atwrnrvoinmn nudto milk of Inferior grade 
(1. quality); dla*ar0o<«e« tavaraa goods 
of inferior (1. poor 1. low) quality, cheap 
(1. tawdry) goods, -arvoltuua inferiority. 
Inferior (1. poor) quality; cheapness, 
baseness; unworthlness. -lianka lower 
oarlock; (laivan vasen puoli) port, lar- 
board; Mouima aiahangoisMa row at the 
lower oarlock (I. at the stem). -Iiuone 
= alihuone. -Ikiinen (a.) under age; 
(s.) minor, (lak.) hifant; fanSmn ita- 

hmmnBd olaikBiamn pofan leaving a SOU un- 
tler age, leaving a son still a minor; off a 
td€dkUinmn be under age. be a minor. 
^Ikiityyt minority; (Joskus:) nonage, 
(lak.. myds:) Infancy; valtiottinmn ala- 
iMhyyt political nonage, 
alalnan: Jonkin '^ under (1. below) a th., 
subject to . .. open to . .. (Jollekin altis) 
exposed to. (Johonkin velvollinen) liable 
to . ., (Jonkln eslne) object of . ., (Jo- 
honkin kuuluva) belonging to . ., (Jonkln 
alaiseksi Joutunut) simjected to . . 
[eslm. hovioikmudmn oiaiMmt ttMomioUtvi' 
m«e the courts below the Court of Ap- 
peals; p0lii»ivalvonnan '^ (being) under 
f)Olice supervision (1. under survell* 
ance) ; rangaistwJfn '^ Subject (1. lia- 
ble) to punishment (1. discipline), (Jo 
rangalstusta k&rslvft) subjected to pun- 
ishment; toiamn iaHntavaUan '■^ subject 
\o the domination of another (1. to an- 
other's control), dependent upon anoth- 
er; vmrotukamn '»' liable to taxation, lia- 
\]i\» IQ duty (1. taxes), taxable], vrt. 
liiyOS: •pHIIyksan'*', kyaaan'*', maaa<«', 
va^en'*' y. m.; ionktm '^ a p.'s subordinate, 
(Jostakusta rilppuva) dependent upon 
(huom. Mn«n ^a^amnaa (virkmmiahat) his 



subordinates, those (1. the offlclalB) im- 
der him]. 

alaialn I. ks. yUia'^. U. (8.) k8. alaabi. 

afaHJakto subdivision. -Jaotua subdividing; 
subdivision, -karroa (rakennuksen) lower 
story, (kaksikerrokslsen) ground floor; 
altAarrokaaaaa in the lower Story, down- 
stairs, -karta 1. -' alakarros; 9. (sanoma- 
lehden) section [of newspaper] set off 
by lines at the foot of a page; aUkmrraaam 
(sanomalehden) at the foot (1. bottom) 
of the (1. a) page; mmnna alakartmm (ra- 
kennuksen) go downstairs, (l&hinnft alem- 
Kaan Icerrokseen) go to the floor below, 
ikkain — alatuatan. 

alakulolnan blue, melancholy; discouraged, 
disheartened, depressed, downhearted, de 
Jected. down in the mouth, downcast (1. 
cast down); low-spirited, dispirited, low in 
spirits; out of spirits; (masentunut) crest- 
fallen; (murheellinen) sad. alakulolaaatl 
in a dispirited (1. downcast I. down- 
hearted) manner (1. way): dejectedly; 
(alakulolsena) cast down, dejected, dis- 
heartened; (suruUlsestl) sadly; hMn vaa- 
taai ataktdoiaaati he answered dejectedly 
(1. in low spirits), he gave a dispirited 
reply, alakulolauua dejection, depression, 
low spirits, lowness of spirits; discour- 
agement; melancholy; (JlQv.) the blues. 

alalkuu the waning moon, •kynal: /ofrfua 
aiakyntaan come off a loser. lose out. 
meet defeat [at the hands of one, Jon- 
kun kanssa otellessaani, be defeated (1. 
vanquished), have to yield (the palm) to 
one [huom. myOs: /dcuftdii ofolirn^aan M' 
nan kanaaaan vUitallaaaUni he got the 
better of me in the debate, in the debate 
with him I was a loser; ol/a oiakynnaaaM 
have to yield (the palm), have the worse 
[of, Jossakln asiassa]. -lauanluu under 
(1. lower) Jawbone; (anat.) submaxilla- 
ry, -lauka lower jaw; (elftint.) mandible, 
inframaxlllary. -luokka (yhtelskunta- 
luokka) the lower class (es) (of people), 
(Jkpv.) the masses; aialuokai (koulussa) 
the lower grades (Engl.: forms), -luok- 
kalalnan (yhteiskunnassa) one of the 
lower classes (1. of the masses); (kou- 
lussa) pupil of the lower grades, -luoml 
(silmiln) lower (eye)lld. -maa (alas- 
mftki) descent, slope; (alankomaa) low- 
land; koko nwtka oii alamaata It was 
down grade (1. downhill) the whole 
distance, the whole way was down grade. 

Alamaat ks. Alaakomaat. 

alamainan I. (a.) (nOyrft) humble, sub- 
servient: (allstuvalnen) submissive; 
(kuulialnen) obedient; (uskollinen) loy- 
al; '^ kMytSa cringlngly subservient 
conduct. 11. (S.) subject; aiamaiamn oal' 
volUauudat the duties Of a subject, (Jon- 
kun) one's duties as a subject; VankjSn 
'^ Subject of Russia. Russian subject, 
alamaiaaatl subserviently, humbly: obe- 
diently, alamaialmmaatl most humbly, In 
deepest humility, alamafauudanvala — 
alamaisuusvala. 

alamaltuua subjection; (nOynrys) humble- 
ness; subserviency; (alistuvaisuus) sub- 
misslveness; (uskollinen) allegiance, loy- 
alty; koikaaaa aiamaiauudaaaa With all 
humbleness, m all humility, -vala (us- 
kolllsuusvala) oath of allegiance. 

alalmlttainan under size, under the size 
prescribed by law, below (legal) standard, 
-miki - aUtmikL 

alanko, alanna (alankomaa) low land, low- 
]and(s); bottom (land) ; (laakso) dale, dell. 

alankomaalainan I. (s.) Netherlander. {|, 



— 18 — 



(ft.) Wemerlinillili. JUanl 
erliiKli, the Low Countries. 
•teioM lower part (1. portion), (eslm. 
Joeo) lower section; (Joskus:) lower 
perts, bottom, foot, (jkpv.) bottom part, 
oeaeto sub<iivlsion; subsection; (esiuL 
Jonkun ybdistyksen) subordinate branch. 
<^t# (ToinL) under hold, -puolella on 
the lower side; koahtt att^uohllm below 
the falls, -puolelle to (L on) the lower 
side; (alle) below, -puolelta from the 
lower Side; jomkin ^ImmimUm from below 
(L beneath) a. th.; f|y«r«f«lte hoBkmm ofa- 
pmml9ita was found below the falls (L 
rapids); tmrttmm JOhonUn §impuoUiim take 
hold underneath (L from below), -puoli 
lower Side, (alaosa) lower part (s); bot- 
tom, foot; mim\pmmiMm, -p«Mfoll«» -poofele* 
ks. hakus. -puollnen (the) lower [part, 
osa]; (the) bottom [part, osa]. -puoii^ 
ko lower half. -pM lower end. -piUilkkd 
second in command; lieutenant, -raajat 
lower limbs, lower extremities, -reuna 
lower (1. under) edge, lower side; olo- 
rtummBmm (myOs:) at the bottom (L foot) 
[eelm. (kirjan) tivmm mimrmmmatm at the 
foot (L bottom) of the page], -rtvi 
lower row. -ruumla lower part of the body. 
ataa down; (alaspim) downward(s): '^ 
mgiwsmmmn When descending (l. getting 
down) [from, jostakin], (esim. karryil- 
U) when alighting [from ..]; ^ por- 
imimim (I. p oruiu '■») down the Stairs, 
downstairs; " taUammau on the way 
down, (on) coming down; '^ it99paMtu 
{ ^ •i imrU ] down with despotism [with 
traitors] ! /b*M ^^ down (along) the river. 
-toeltto throwing down, downthrow, -huu- 
to cry of protest. Jeer of derision; ioo- 
komim kmdni mimahunioim cries Of "down! 
do^-n!" (1. cries of protest) were heard 
from the crowd. -Iiyppiye leaping down; 
a leap down, a downward leap. 
alMlii anvil. -pAlkky (anvU) block. 
ateslkaareva curved downward, -kanto 
carrying down, -klaln downward (s), 
down, -kiintlminen turning (1. letting) 
down; tipping over, -latku l. -laskeminen 
letting down, lowering; dropping; (lui- 
sumlnen) gliding down; (koskesta) 
shooting (down), vrt. koekenUilni. -meno 
going down, -mtki slope, declivity; 
timtrnMhta downhill, -noeto lifting down. 
-«tto taking down, -palnunut sunk down; 
drooping, -piln downward (s), down; 
down along, -repimlnen pulling (1. tear- 
ing) down; (esim. rakennuksen) demoli- 
tion, -euln upside down; bottom side 
up; MiM kmmtui alcMalfi the boat cap- 
sfsed (1. turned upside down), the boat 
was upset (L overturned), -eyydinti 
shoving down, ^talpunui bent, bent 
down (L double), weighed down; (kasv.) 
decimate. -4e«ipaue pulling (L plucking 
L hauling) down. 

alaetl: mttm '^ be naked, be nude, be 
(completely) undressed, oe stripped; rtf- 
mm ifmmaM ^ take Off all one's clothes, 
strip (to the slOn). aiastomuus naked- 
ness, nudity, bareness; kaik—m «/a«eo- 
■ ■■#■■■ ■111 (m^M:) m all its baldness 
(L crudity), ataston naked [boy, polka; 
truth, totuus]; (etup. tait. dc luonnont.) 
Dude [statue, kuvapatsasl; (paljas) 
bare [tree, puu], uncovered; (riisuutu- 
nut) undressed; (kalju) bald; uUtt^ndn 
kUBi^mmim IhartUim] bare-armed [-shoul- 
dered]; dtmBiom vwmrtOndppm bald (1. 
barroi) mountain top. 
ataaltulo coming down; (koskesta) shoot- 



the Ifeth- ing [the rapids] . -vetimlnen pulling 
down, -vienti bringing (L taking) down, 
alati ever, always, constantly, perpetually, 
continually; ^^ mudaio—ti tittiyvM ever 
remembered, -vlhrei (a. & s.) evergreen. 
' a th.; AottM - 



alatee: fonkim ^ under 
'^ pass under a bridge, alatuaten under 
each other, one below another. 

aiava low (-lying); (syvi) de^. -periinen 
low-lying. 

alavuue lowness; (alavaperiisyys) low- 
lying position, low situation. 

alailnl low (1. de^) tone; ofoMiMt the 
lower register. 

Albania Albania, albanlalalnen Albanian. 

album! album. 

albumlini (kem.) albumin. 

albumilnlnfpitoinen containing albumin, al- 
buminous, -pitoisuus amount of albunUn 
contained, percentage of albumin. 
All ' " ~ 



Aleksanteri Alexander; (A)^ _ 
Alexander the First; (A)'^ StmH Alexan- 
der the Great. 

Aleksl Alexis. 

alemma(ksi), aiemmae lower, lower (1. 
farther) down, alemmaksisllrto lowering. 

alemmuus (alkup.) lower position; (kuv.) 
inferiority; htmmn ^ the price being 
lower, the lower (1. cheaper} price. 

alempaa lower, farther down; from farther 
down: '*' taMmi all pmrmmtpmm the article 
was better farther towards the bottom 
(I. nearer the bottom). 

alempana farther down, lower down: far- 
ther below; in the lower parts; (tuon- 
nempana) farther on, in the following, 
(kirjotuksessa., samalla sivulla) below; 
'^ kttin vnoMikaaMiin (eslm. vesi) at the 
lowest level known for years, -mainittu 
mentioned (1. stated) below, (tuonnem- 
pana) mentioned further on; olempona- 
mainituUa ttoHtUm (myOs:) in manner nere- 
inarter mentioned. 

•lempi lower, under, nether; (arvossa, vi- 
rassa y. m.) inferior, subordinate [offi- 
cial, vfrkamles]; ^^ knnaakmdn (1. v.) the 
lower (1. primary) grades; '^ polJUka lower 
wages, smaller salary, less pay; ^^ vlrlM- 
mim» subordinate (1. inferior 1. petty) offi- 
cer (I. official) ; kQhdmUm tyiysti ^•mpiaan 
treat one*s subordinates harshly, -arvol- 
nwt . . of lower rank, inferior, subordi- 
nate [officer, upseerlT. -palkkainen with 
(1. having 1. getting) lower wages (1. 
smaller salary 1. less pay), lower paid. 
-eiityinen . . of a lower order (1. estate). 

•leneminen sinking, declining, dropping 
Jne., vrt. aleta; fall, decline, descent; 
(vaheneminen) decrease; hiniohn ^^ the 
decline (1. fall) in prices, the dropping 
of prices; lampSmiUhran ^ the fall (1. 
drop 1. decline) in temperature, aieneva 
declining, falling, dropping, (vfthenevH) 
decreasing; (tasaisestl) descending; mo- 
roan aimnrnvaMta pdvmaaa in direct descent 
(1. line), alennettu lowered, brought down, 
vrt. alentaa; mimnnmttn nuntti flat; af«nfi«e- 
tnun hintaan at (a) reduced price, at a 
lower figure, at a reduction (1. bargain). 

afennue (alentaminen) sinking, lowering, 
bringing down; (hinnan y. m.) reduction; 
(kurssl-) fall; (myOntl-) discount: de- 
duction; abatement, rebate; (arvon-) de- 
crease (in value), depreciation; (virka-, 
myOs kuv.) degradation; (nOyryytys) 
abasement, humiliation, -laaku discount. 
-luettelo (hlntojen) list of reductions, 
-merkki (nuotin) flat, ^la state of abase- 
ment (1. humiliation). 

alentaa lower [one's voice, iHntUn; the 
price, hlntaa], bring down; (laskea alas) 



> 



al«nUinin«n 



— 14 — 



alipiilllkkdkunu 



sink, drop [one's voice to a whisper, 
ftanenslL iculskaukseksl] : (painaa alas) 
depress [the prices, hintoja]; (kuv.) 
lower, reduce, abate, (vahent&&) de- 
crease, diminish, lessen, detract from, 
(moraalisesti) degrade, abase, demean, 
(nOyryyttaa) humiliate; '^ arvoa (Jon- 
kin) depreciate a th. (in value), decrease 
(1. diminish) the value of a th.; (Jon- 
kun) lower a p. [in the estimation (1. 
opinion) of his fellow men, h&nen kana- 
saihmistensa sllmissa], cast a reflection 
(1. a shadow) upon a p. (1. upon a p.'s 
name); '*' hintma (myOs:) reduce the 
price, (Jkpv.) cut (1. cut down) the 
price; « ihmisUn 9Umi9aU deflrrade (1. 
humiliate) . . in the eyes of the people; 
'-' itamruH (raam.) humble (L abase) o.s.; 
vrt. alantua, 2,; '^ nuotti flatten a note; 
^ aotamimhmlui degrade to the ranks; '■^ 
UUnmnrnd (myOs:) let one's volce fall, 
speak lower (1. in subdued tones); oppi- 
las almnnattiim luokalttum the pupil was 
put (lower) down, (Yhdysv.) the pupil 
was demoted. alentaminen lowering, 
bringing: down Jne., vrt. alantaa. alenuu- 
tua lower o.s., bring o.s. down [to, Jo- 
honkin]; (kuv.) «- alantua, 2. aienta- 
va(inen) degrading [for (1. to), Jolle- 
kuiie], debasing, humiliating, depreciato- 
ry, disgraceful; lonAan main^Ha (I. or- 
voa) almntavaa (myOS:) injurious (to a 
p.'s reputation), derogatory to a p. (1. to 
a p.'s renown), alentavaatl in a degrad- 
ing (1. debasing 1. humiliating) manner; 
disgracefully. Injuriously; with a deroga- 
tory effect; poAna almntavoMti /MtaJnuta 
Speak derogatory of one, speak of one in 
a derogatory manner. 

alentua 1. =< alata; 2. (kuv.) condescend 
(1. stoop) [to, Johonkin]; '^ ottamatm 
puhmiilmmn condescend to receive in audi- 
ence; ~ totUUmaan Jonkwm kOakyid sub- 
mit (1. yield) to a p.'s commands; '^ 
varkaakai StOOp tO be a thief; ktdnka 
saatoit '^ aiihan (I. aellaimman) how could 
you stoop to (1. lower yourself to do) 
that? how could you descend so low? 
alantuminan sinking, gomg down, declin- 
ing, dropping; drop, fall; (kuv.) conde- 
scending, condescension; humiliation. 
alantuvainan (kuv.) condescending, (hyv. 
merk.) gracious, affable, aiantuvalsasti 
condescendingly; affably, alantuvaisuua 
condescension; affability. 

aleta fall, descend, go (1. come) down; 
sink; drop; alanamaaaa on the decline, 
ks. olU; '-' arvoaaa fall in value, depre- 
ciate (in value), be reduced (In value); 
hinnat mlmnmvat prices are falling (I. go- 
ing down 1. dropping); InktunUSrU atmnmm 
(vdhenee) there is a falling off in the 
number, the numbers are decreasing: 
l&mpHmiUira atmnme the temperature IS 
falling, the thermometer is going down; 
vBi tdmnmm the water is sinking (i. fall- 
ing 1. going down), (tulvan J&lkeen) the 
water is (1. the waters are) receding. 

Aieutit (\. AUutmin aaarmt) Aleutian Islands. 

algebra algebra, algebra ( II )inen algebraic. 

Alfldr Algiers. Algeria Algeria, algeriaf- 
lainen (a. k. s.) Algerian. 

aihaalla (low) down; below; (matalalla) 
low; (pohjalla) at (1. near) the bottom; 
pyay^ -^ keep (1. remain) down; (vedes- 
ta.) remain low; vmai on -^ the water 
(merest^: the tide) is low. aihaalla 
down; (matalalle) low. 

alhaalta from below (1. beneath) ; '» htd- 
lun pohjaata kuului huutoa from the 
depths of the gorge (1. from the bottom of 



the abyss) a cry was heard; ^ lmmkao9tm 
non««a ocimm from the valley below a fog 
is rising; «« on "-' parmmpaa (pohjalta) It 
Is better at (1. toward 1. near) the bottom, 
-piln from below, from beneath. 

aihalnen low [temperature, l&mpOmUri; 
deed, teko]; (alhaissaAtyinen) plain, 
common; lowly, humble; (katala) base 
[act, teko], mean. Ignoble, vile; '■^ kansa 
plain (1. common) people; mlhaUmUa mi- 
viatyBkannalia (esim. Jostakin kansasta 
puhuen:) on a low level (1. plane) of 
civilization; aUudaimmiUatm, aihaiain k&. 
hakus.; aUudaU ayniypmrHii Of lowlv (1. 
humble) parentage; vrt. ylhXinan. alhalaaati 
meanly, basely; mmnettali tOhaiamsH (hal- 
pamaisesti) acted mean (i. contemptible). 
aihaisimmlMaan at its lowest mark (1. ebb) ; 
at the lowest; (kuv.) at the (1. Its) lowest 
ebb. aihalain lowest, lowermost; meanest, 
vilest; kedkkmin aihaisimmat vimtit the very 
lowest (1. vilest) instincts. 

alhalto populace; mob, rabble, -valta mob 
(1. rabble) rule. 

alhalslsukuinen 1. -ayntylnen of humble 
family, lowly bom, of humble origin; 

glebeian. -aukulauua lowly birth, hum- 
le origin, -aiitylnen of humble sUtlon, 
of a low order (socially), without rank. 
-■Aitylsyya low station (1. order) ; alhaia' 
•a&tyiayy mi ola rikoa to be Of a low 
order (socially) is no crime. 

alhaiauua lowness; baseness, meanness, 
ignobleness. 

aiho dale, dell: (suoper&inen maa) 
swampy (1. low 1. marshy) place, swamp. 

ail- (yhd.) ks. aU-. -huone (lainsAfttaja- 
kunnan y. m.) the Lower House; (Engl, 
parlamentm) the House of Commons; 
(Yhdysv. kongressin) the House of Rep- 
resentatives, -hylly lower shelf. -Inai- 
nddri subordinate engineer. -Johtaja as- 
sistant director, -kapteani (Engl.) cap- 
tain-lieutenant, -konduktddri conductor's 
assistant, -konataapali common police- 
man, -luutnantti second lieutenant, -m- 
kiri assistant physician (1. surgeon); 
(sotalaivalla) surgeon's mate; aairmdmn 
aiiisukuri hospital assistant, (sairaalassa 
asuva) house physician, intern. 

ailmainen 1. (alempl kahdesta) lower, un- 
der, nether [millstone, myllynkivi] ; 2. « 
alin; aUmaiammn homan kattilaan to the 
nethermost abyss, to the depths of hell, 
alimmaksi lowest (down), undermost, 
nethermost; farthest down (1. below), 
nearest (1. farthest towards) the bottom, 
aiimpaa from farthest down, from near- 
est the bottom, alimpana — alinna. 

alln lowest, lowermost, undermost, nether- 
most; ^ muard (myOs:) minimum; 
-* raia lowest limit (1. mark), minimum; 
^ vrndmnraja lowest level (Of water/, 
alinan situated below; lower; <iljn«n Vol- 
ga the lower Wolga. alinna lowest, un- 
dermost, nethermost, (pohjimalsena) at 
the very bottom; kaikkmin aiiimm under- 
neath everything (else), lowest of all. 

alinomaan constantly, perpetually, ever, al- 
ways, continually; (alitulseen) incessant- 
ly: unceasingly, ailnomalnan perpetual, 
continual [annoyance, kiusa], lasting, per- 
manent; constant; (lakkaamaton) unceasing. 

allllolkeua inferior (1. lower 1. petty) 
court (of Justice), (Joskus:) the court 
below, -opettaja subordinate teacher; 
(Engl.) Junior master, -ote » alaota. 
-palomettarl fire chief's assistant, -pari- 
miet quartermaster; (tolnen per&mies) 
second mate. -pUlllkkdkunu (sot.) non- 
commissioned officers. 



— 15 — 



sulmilt [a tlL to a p.*s dadsloii, 

jokin joakan ratlLAlsUTau] ; (lyua) 
refer [a case to a court, asla ofkeodeo 
UslteiaTikSl] ; <* hUm jmmUm atU SOb- 
ortUnate a tiL to ..; -^ hkim h^Ukmm 
hmthittmwwAui submit a tb. to one for 
consideration (1. to a p.'s consideration), 
refer a tb. to one. aliataiiiiiieii submlt- 
ttnt, submission, referring, allatava sub- 
orrtinatinr. subordinate [conjanc t lon, kon- 
Junktslonij. alletoUu lki6L) subordinate 
[clause, lausej; ffamff/tftHFff^ t iiMimiim 
maim case submitted to (1. before) tbe jury. 

aiieuia submit [to baptism, kasteeseeo (L 
kastettavalul) ; to tbe will of one, jonkun 
tabtoonj; yield; resign o^s.; (tidpua) 
subordinate o.s. [to, jobonklnl. defer 
[to a p.*s ruling, jonkun pUtokaeen]; 
(mukaantua) acconmiodate o^., recon- 
cile o^s. [to tbe inevitable, sUben mlki 
on YtlttlmitOntA] ; comply wltb; vrt. 
•iMtw; -* ikmmm dImlMmkMi submit (L 
bend) to tbe yoke; '^ InhtmlaamMm submit 
(L yield) to fate, resign o.s. (L yield) 
10 one's fate; --^ fclrtliiiw rmrngmiatum 
submit to punlsbment; '^ iiiBiliff ■■!■■■ 
Iiidh— tmkimm subordinate o^s. to a p.*s 
wlU; <* 0rimmm i9B9H h f^Bt Mm ^^^^ }0 

Imkim ' submit to tbe law. alietumrtoa 
onsubmuslYe; (tatoumaton) unyielding, 
unbending, mflexlble. alieUMMttomuiM 
unsubmlsslTeness; unyieldingness; Inflex- 
tbility. allstuminen submission [toj, 
subjection; (nOyryys) resignation [to]; 
(orjamatnen) truckling [to]. aJtatue 
submission, referoice; (jonun aslan) 
presentailon; myM — aUstaMteen. aU^ 
tavadnan) (nOyrt) submissive [mind, 
miellj; resigned [to]; (vastustukseen 
turvautumaton) passive; a tol i na Aaattai- 
amm submissive <l. passive) obedience. 
aiitMv a i e e etl submissively, wltb (L m a 
spint of) resignation. 

allstiivais«iiia submlsslveness; submission 
Ito ..], resignation [to ..]. -puolue 
party advocating submlsslveness. 

dttae under, below; vrt. aiatsa. 

sNtainMi constant, perpetual, continual; 
(lakkaamaton) Incessant, unceasing, ail- 
taieeen. alltuleeeU — aWaomaMi 

•liapeeeri (1. v.) corporal; mUvpammrii non- 
conmilssloned officers. 

alje: mUm dUfmOm (aluUa) be In its earU- 
c^t stages, be In Its beginning (1. in- 
ception 1. infancy); vrt. alkact. 

tlju tame; domesticated [reindeer, poro]. 

alkaa begin [wltb a, a:Ua: a strike, lak- 
ko; to Ure (1. to feel tired), v&syil, 
commence; start [playing, solttaaj; 
(alottaa iokln) set about, enter upon; 
<panna alulle, perustaa) mstitute [pro- 
ceedings against one, olkeusjuttu Jotaku- 
u vastaan], (avata) open [a correspond- 
ence, kirjeenvalbto; a meeting, kokous; 
business relations wltb one, uikesuhtei- 
sim jonkun kanssa; bostllities. vibolli- 
suudetl; (saada alkunsa) originate, take 
(ito) rise; (ryhtyi) proceed; '^ mmpnad- 
MM open fire; "^ Imhko (myOs:) go on 
strike, strike; aUbaa aafae [tvafia] it is 
begmning to rain [to blow] ; ^^ tmvalliata 
mikmim^tmmin (eslm. vuodenajasts:) set in 
earlier tban usual; ^ tmhdM imimkim be- 
gin to do a tb., start domg a tb., (ryh- 
tyi) proceed to do a tb.; '^ taitmhUmnam 
(eslm. jOku ybdistys) begin its activity, 
commence its activities, proceed wltb 
Its work; '^ eolta set m, be getting 
{Mim. mUbmm tvUm kyimM It 18 getting (I. 
growing) cold (1. chilly), a chill sets in; 



It U getsmg (L growtiif ) 
dark, (tbej darkness sets (L falls) mi; 
-^ fyf— i Start working, start tbe work, 
commence (L t>t%\n, L start L proceed 
with) one's work, set about working, be- 
gm to (L with one's) work; '^ ■■<■■■ la 
fl. mmd—tmmm} recommence, htlt^si anew, 
(kesken jUnyt tyO y. m.; resume; ~ 
mmai yritya set on foot (L take up) a 
new enterprise, (uudeUa alalia) enter a 
new field of activity; « tm^ttm ■Ifcaii 
(parempaa) begm (to lead) a new life, 
turn over a new leaf, begm life anew; 
affca— ks. bakua.; rftiaiiiiiffna (L aOba- 
■Muaa> on tbe pomt of beginning, about 
to begm (L to comnkence); affcaaaf ks. 
bakus.; jomkin alattaa after tbe beginning 
of .., after [tbe work] has been pro- 
ceeded with (L has been taken up;; 
h mk i m wlkmtBn at tbe beginning of ... 
when a th. is started (L proceeded 
with); Mi t mm m ri j wk i ^ JCaiffaa— itfta 
the Missouri river starts (L rises L has 
its source) m tbe Rocky Mountains; aate 
^ the war begins, (pubkeaa) the war 
breaks out; mmmi ajamjakBu mm miknmmt a 
new era has set in, we have entered 
(upon) a new era; mmai maaai am affcaaaf 
the new year has begun, we have entered 
a new year; vrt. aWttaa. 

alkaan: afnte fh ahm) «« ks. alka; aaiait 
'-' ks. aaia; hSmatH « beginning with 
him; alttJl '^ beginning with that, (sUU 
saakka) ever since; f««e£ ^ (tim&n j&l- 
keen) after this, hereafter, (ttsU 1th- 
tien) henceforth, from now on. 

alkain — alWan 

alkaja one who begins (1. commences 1. 
starts 1. opens); beginner; (alkuun- 
panlja) author, originator, father, parent; 
(penistaja) institutor, founder; rUdam 
"-' beginner in a quarrel, aggressor; vrt. 
▼asta-alk^la. alkajaieei (eslm. ntyttelyn) 
(grand) opemng; opening ceremonies (1. 
festivities). 

alkajaialjuhlallisuudet opening ceremonies 
(1. festivities), -puhe opening address. 
-eoltto overture; opening number. 

alkali (keuL) alkali. 

alkali- (yhd.) alkaline [esim. -matmOU al- 
kaline metals; -aoolat alkaline salts]. 

alkallnen alkaUne; mUmUaat mm^mfit alkaline 
earths, alkalleuue alkalinity. 

alkamaton not (yet) commenced; (avaa- 
maton) upopened; (koskematon) un- 
touched, alkaminen beginning, commence- 
ment, start (Ing) ; opening; annan pmalin af- 
kmt miaim before election, before the election 
begins (1. began); oifaetaa pahaan aika- 
miata wait for the speech to begin, 
await the beginning of the speech, alka- 
nut begun, commenced; (nyt) aUmnut 
maaai the year already (1. now) begun, 
tbe year just commenced; vrt. alkiuu 
alkava commencing, incipient; aUmttmkaa^ 
the (1. this) coming summer, this sum- 
mer; aikmvaUm viikoUa during the com- 
ing (1. ensuing) week: k:tta aikmom aanm 
a word beginning with k. 

alkaelllnen primitive; (alku-) primary; 
(alkeis-) elementary, elemental, alkealll- 
aeetl primitively, elementarily, alkaalli- 
euus primitiveness. elementarlness. 

alkeet elements, beginnings, rudiments; 
(aakkoset) the a-b-c; Mtn ai tmnna 
(adaa) tiataan aikaitakaan he does not 
know even tbe rudiments (1. the a-b-c) 
of science; Kamimn aikaat (opplklrjan 
nimeni:) Elements of Chemistry. Ele- 
mentary Chemistry. 

alkela- (yhd.) elementary [eslm. -fcoofa 



alk«ltop«tu« 



— 16 — 



alkupilvi 



elemeotary school; 'kurati elementary 
course; 'oprnttaja elementary teacher J. 
-opetus elementary instruction. -«ppi-> 
laitos (1. V.) elementary scbool; (Vh- 
dysv.) the grades, -tiedot elementary 
knowledge; hMnMU on hyviU (i. pmmm- 
e««IU««e> aik9i9ti9dot himtoHassa he U 
well grounded in mstory. 

alkemla (kullanvalnUstustalto) alchemy, 
alkemlsti alchemist. 

alkio embryo. 

alkoholl alcohol. 

alkohoil- (yhd.) alcoholic [esim. -ioMna 
alcoholic liquor; ^SmpHmittari alcoholic 
thermometer ; 'vUkmvyy alcoholic strength] , 
spirituous [esim. 'jnoma spirituous liquor 
(1. drmk)]. -lalntUdinU legislation in 
regard to the liquor traffic, -myrkytye 
(laftk.) alcoholism. 

alkoholinlkiytttt use (1. consumption) of 
alcohol, -pltoinen contaming alcohol, al- 
coholic; mlkQhoiinpitoi9t iwomat (myOs:) 
alcoholics, -pitoisuus percentage of al- 
cohol, alcoholic strength. 

alkoholisti aicoholist, alcoholic, alkoholiton 
free from alcohol: non-alcoholic [hever- 
age, ' Juomal. alkohoiittomuus freedom 
iTom alcohol. 

alkoovi (makuukomero) alcove. 

aiku beginning, commencement: start, out- 
set; (synty) origin; rise; (Ifthde) source, 
root; (merkki) vestige, semblance; aiku' 
aan, alAa/aofi originally, initially, prima- 
rily; '^ tybm kmuni9taap lopnaaa kiitoa 
Meisoo (1. V.) good endings don't always 
mean fair beginnings; all's well that ends 
well; alttkMi to begin with, (alussa) at 
ilrst; aluila ks. olla; [Olla] aluUamn [be] 
la its inclpiency; aluUm ks. auttaa* panna; 
alnn pmrin (l. pitUmn) from the very be- 
ginning, from the start; aiun taiHa mataa 
over (1. more than) a hundred [huom. 
myOs: mimUla on Jo aiun toista mataa 
koosBa 1 have already begun on my sec- 
ond hundred] ; tdnama in the beginning, 
at the outset, (ensm) at first; aluBta 
kutm [vUkon, vamdon} the first (1. the 
forepart) of the month [week, year]; 
tJusta loppuan (saakka) from beginnmg 
to end, ail through, throughout; aituta 
pit&mn (\. aikamn) from the Very begin- 
ning, right from the start, ever since the 
beginning (1. start), from the (very) 
first; <j aivmkaan (v&hmtAk&ftn) not tne 
least (1. not a bit) of it, not an atom, 
not a whit (1. Jot); lakimiokon [l&UkaHn, 
papin] '■^ one (1. a boy) who intends to 
become a lawyer [a doctor, a minister], 
an aspirant for the law [the medical 
profession, the ministry], a prospective 
lawyer [doctor, minister]; maaUman ^ 
the beginning of the world, the dawn of 
creation; runoilijan '^ a budding poet, a 
poet in embryo; mimUU mi aim kmindn ai' 
ktMkaan there is not even a vestige (1. a 
spear) of grass there; vnodmn aiumma 
(myOs:) the first of the year; vuodmn 
I9t6 aiumma In the beginning of (year) 1016. 

aIku- (yhd.) (mist& tai mlUft Jokin alkaa) 
initial [esim. -kirlain initial letter; -koltta 
initial point; ^nopmum initial velocity; 
'vaikmudmt initial difficulties], (alussaau 
oleva) incipient [esim. -amtm incipient 
stage] ; (kehityksen alkuasteella oleva) 
primitive [esim. -«fjrln primitive animal; 
-Mmli primitive language; -mnoeo primi- 
tive form]; (alkuper&inen) origmal 
[esim. -amnkam original inhabitant; 'i&hdm 
original source; 'mmrkitym original mean- 
ing; 'tmkmti original text]; primary 
[esim. .ojnc primary matter; -c«e« primary 



stage; ^myy primary cause; -voorj primary 
rock(s)]; (alkalsm) earliest [esim. -omi- 
liam earliest Inhabitant: -Aocj earliest 
home], (ensimAtnen) first [esim. -Itiriain 
first letter; -puotimko first half]; (Jos- 
kus:) primeval, primordial, fundamental, 
elementary, prelinUnary. -alka primitive 
age(8); (alku) beginning; aUuHukoina 
(ensl) m the early times (1. days) [of 
..], in (the) pioneer days [of ..], (his- 
torian) in (the) primitive ages [huom. 
esim. Napoimonin IwUitukmmn aUtrndkoina 
in the early days of Napoleons regime]. 
-alkainen . . of the early ages, primeval: 
primitive; (geol.) paleontoiogical. -aine 
primary (1. elementary) matter; (kem.) 
element, -atukas (myOs:) aborlgmal; 
(synnynn&inen) native; alkuamuldiaat the 
natives, the aborigmes. -alftln (el&lnt.) 
protosoan. -hlttorla — asihistoria. -Iiirki 
urus. -thminan primitive man. 

aikuinen (yhd.) with a . . beginning vl. 
start), ..-ly begun [esim. kuono^ with 
a bad begmmng, poorly begun; kyvU^ 
with a good beginning (1. start), well 
begun; vaikaw^ with a difficult begin- 
ning, (myOs:) started with difficulty, 
difficult in the beginning], alkuisln ks. 
olla (alkuisln). 

alkuHJohto derivation, deduction; (alku) 
origin. -Juuri (alkuperft) origin; source, 
root; (fil.) primary (1. origmal) cause, 
-kesi (the) early part of (the) summer; 
aikukmmUmtd in early (1. early m the) 
summer, m the forepart of the summer. 
-kevAt: ailnikmviUimtii early In the spring, 
m the early spring, the first of the 
spring, -kiell (alkuperimen, eshn. Josta 
k&&nnOs on tehty) original language, 
-kirjain: (nUnen) aikukirlaimmt Initials, 
-kirjotus (johdanto) mtroduction, pream- 
ble; vrt. alkulauaa. -kuu: miknknumta in 
the early part of the month, early in the 
month, the first of the month, -laute 
preface, prefatory note: (Johdanto) m- 
troduction, preamble, -lehti (ensim&inen 
lehti) flyleaf; (otsakelehti) title-page, 
-liite (klel.) prefix, -lima protoplasm (a), 
-luku (ensi luku, eshn. kirjan) begin- 
ning (1. Initial 1. first) chapter; (mat.) 
prime number, -lihda (myOs:) fountam- 
head. -nAyttts (teat.) begimUng (L first 
1. initial) act; prologue, -olanto primor- 
dial being, first principle. -«petus Hrst 
instruction, primary education; (alkeis- 
opetus) instruction in the elements (1. 
rudiments). -«ta (kirjan) the first vol- 
ume. (sAvellyksen) the first movement, 
-perin » alkuperlUsastL -peruate ground; 
(perlaate) principle; (alkuvaikutm) orig- 
inal motive. -perA origin, rise; source, 
root, -peril nen origmal; (vftilrent&mft- 
tOn) authentic; (alkeelimen) primitive, 
primordial; primary [cause, syy]: aiku- 
pmrdinmn amiakiria original (1. authentic) 
document, original; aUmpmrUinmrn tdrkt- 
tum [tmom] original. -perAiteati 1. -perAI- 
sin origmally; primarily. -parAlsyys 
originality; (alkeellisuus) prlmitlveness. 
-puoii (esim. kirjan) forepart, first por- 
tion (1. part); (alku) beginning: (ajasta 
puhuen:) early part; aikupuoimiia vimotta 
in the early part (1. in the forepart) of 
the year; mnmi viikon aikupuoimUa \n the 
early part of next week, early next 
week, the first of next week, in the be- 
ginning of next week, -puolisko former 
(1. first) half; tdmOn vnomimadan aUmpuo- 
limkoiia during the first half of Uils cen- 
tury. -pAlvA: tdmdn kuun aikupmvina dur- 
ing the first (1. early) days of this month. 



— 17 — 



tue rirtt of tbe montli. -pM (allni) befin- 
mng, outset; (esim. rlvln) baad; (68liii.iQlr- 
jao> foreptft. mnm InltUl (L prefatory) 
word; mikmBmmmi (eslm. saaman) openloff 
words, introductloiL -eolnta (nin.) alllt- 
erattoiL -eoltto prelude; overture, -iekiji 
iioat.) aUquotpart. -teoe original (work). 
U iie i — al]MlstU4ot. -tile origioal (L 
prtimuve L primordiai) state (L condition) . 
-ioimei preparations, preliminaries. -if4: 
dAmijiikȤmi i^m kUimm tlie tlrst tblUf I 
did (L for me to do) was to read tbe book. 

alkMiMlpeiiiJa: jomkin ^Jkw ump m mij m one Wbo 
staru a tb. (L sets a tb. on foot) ; one wbo 
lakes tbe Inltlauve In a tb.; Initiator; 
originator; (esim. jonkun aatteelllsen 
lUkkeen) author, parent, fatber. -pane 
setting on foot, originating, fatbenng; 
(alote) initiative; contrivance; Umkum 
aikmum^mmn§tm on one's Initiative, tbrougb 
tbe instrumentality of, at tbe instigation or. 

aliiHlvalfltilsielut L -valmisluiMet prepara- 
tory measures, preparations, prelimina- 
ries; mAmA mpmi mlimm»tmmm tfrffftfwn oUbe 
v^mi9t9luitm tbese are only preliminaries 
of tbe struggle, -vauhtl initial speed, 
start, -vllkko: dUkmpHkmttm In tbe begm- 
oing (L m tbe early part L m tbe fore- 
part) of tbe week, tbe first of tbe week, 
-voima initial power, original force, fun- 
damental energy, -vuoei early part (L 
for^^art) of tbe year; «Ubnn 
(myos:) tbe first of tbe year, 
tome, keynote. 

aHa (jookm '«) under; beneatb, under- 
neatb; (alempana) below; ^ ptfn mtmvm 
downcast, cast down, dejected, down- 
bearted, discouraged, (jkpv.) down in 
tbe moutb; mimm fmmhim ^ Tight under a 
tb., directly undemeatb a tb.; kirkko m 
■irw ^ tbe cburcb lies under a bill <L 
is situated at tbe foot of a blU) ; kammmm 
mUmmi be lives below me, be lives rlgbt 
undemeatb (L Just beneatb) me; Jodkm 
'■' (just) before Cbrlstmas; pSydSm '^ 
under (neatb) tbe table. -«Minit4a, -m- 
nltettf below menuoned; (lak.) Herein- 
after mentioned; dUa\mmimiimt fL -iiJMlf«- 
tyt} hmnkaM persons mentioned below, 
toe following persons, (lak.) persons (L 
parues) Hereinafter named, -oleva un- 
derlying, subjacent; .. under (neatb); 
(aUej Orjotett u) give n (L cited) below; 

meoto) given below, tbe footnotes be- 
k»w; 9 MU i f m wilmlnnmwm referring to tbe 
sutemeot given below, (seuraavaan) re- 
ferring to wbat follows. 

aHtts trougb; (ulma-) pool; (suurl *^) 
cistern, -kf Ipf plunge-batb. 

aHe under; below; .beneatb, undemeatb; 
Ma mmmUmm mUmmumm be Will move (mto 
tbe flat) below us; Mm pmMmal vmMtnB' 
tmimm mUmmam be tbrew bls opponent and 
feU on blm (1. pinned blm down wltb 
bis body); Ml dUa SO U under 50, falls 
betow To, is sbort of 50, is wltbln 50, 
(rabasta:) does not come up (L does not 
amount) to 50; p9ydMn *^ (in) under tbe 
table. 

■lief or l a allegory, allegorinen allegoric (al). 

aUeikirjottaa: mUmkirhttmm hUm sign (one's 
name to), arru ones name to, subscribe 
(one's name/ to. -kirjottaja signer; sub- 
scriber; (aUekiriottanut) tbe undersigned. 
-klFjoitaaiiiieii signing, -kirjottanui (I) tbe 
undersigned; (timin kirjottaja) tbe 
(present) writer; «m mUmkirhiUuft we, 
tbe undersigned, -kirioiua (nlmlklrjotus) 
aature; (alleklrjottamlnen) signing. 
ifflia draw a Uoo ondar, mmrlliia, 



slgnati 



score (under), underscore. -vUvme un- 
derlining, underscoring, tbe lines drawn 
under [are mine, on mmun]. 

alM (eltmt.) old-squaw, bareld. 

aliiaaattori (elimt.) alligator. 

aliikko (vesi-) pool, puddle; ks. oja. 

aliwanakira t'^^Mur, calendar^ 

almu alms (pL alms), cbarlty; mmm mtmmm 
Jmhmlnitm ask a p. for an alms, ask alms 
(L cbarlty) of a p. 

afmunlantaia almsgiver. ^Nto almsgiving. 
^Umitk receiver or alms, -pf ytiji beggar. 

atou Initiative; h^Ukmm tdaitm^Btm on one's 
imtiatlve; nmmttm elo#f •■■>■■■ on one's 
own mitiatlve, (omm luvm) at one's 
own risk, on one's own re^onsibility 
(L autbority) ; of one's own accord (L vo- 
UUon) ; ks. teUt (alote jobonUn). aloiella 
take tbe (L one's) nrst steps [toward a 
tb., Jotakm], (alkaa) begm; impM diaitm- 
Imm kM»9l9mSam (opettelee) tbe cblld is 
learning to walk (L U taking its rirst 
st^s). aloielflMi (piece) of work already 
b^un.work under way (L in band) ; (luon- 
nos) design [for ..], (rougb) draft [of..], 
sketcb. aloceoikeiia rlgbt (L prlvUege) of 
undertaking (L initiating); InltiaUve. 

aloitaa begin, commence, start; set about, 
enter upon; open; (ioskus:) lead (orr); 
vrt. alkaa; '^ tmm»9i lead tbe dance, open 
tbe ball; <* tvir^^m laawf— ii start (L 
strike) out m a new direction. atottaJa 
— aUn^ atottajalaeeltelnii opening ad- 
dress, alouaiaieei (v>enlng ceremonies 
(L restlvlUes;. alottamaton — alkaaMi- 
taa. aloctafldinen beginning jne., vrt. alot- 
taa; (alku) commencement; start, outset. 

alotteeniekiJi one wbo takes (L bas taken) 
tbe imuatrve [in ..]. 

alottellalsuoe enterprise, pusb, vim; ini- 
tiative, alottolija beginner, learner; nov- 
ice, tyro, alottelii tbe beglnnlng(s), tbe 
rirst steps. 

alpakka aq>aca. -villa alpaca (-wool). 

alpl (kasv.) loosestrlTe. 

alppi alp; (Sveitsm) AlpH t^ Alps. 

alppi- (ybd.) (vuoristo-) alpme [esim. 
'kmavimf alpine nora; "tmmm alpine coun- 
try; -Mota alpme tract], (Sveitsm Alp- 
peja koakeva) Alpme [esim. ii^iiw Al- 
pme scenery; -aiajla Alpine but; -mathmi- 
iiim Alpme traveler]. -Jono cbam or alps. 
-kauris — alppiwobL -ruuau rbododen- 
dron. ^auva alpenstock, -vuobi Alpine 
ibex, steinbock. 

alta rrom under, from below, from be- 
neatb; (alltse) under; (UeltA, pols) out 
of tbe way; pHydan ^^ from under tbe 
table. -kkytivA passageway below grade. 
-piln from undemeatb (1. beneatb), (up) 
from below; (alapuolelta) rrom tbe un- 
der side; titmpmn ptdhma wbite undemeatb. 

altis (talpuvamen) willing [to do a tb., 
tekemiAn jotakm j; disposed (1. incUned) 
[to rorgive(ness), antamaan anteeksil; 
(barras) devoted [supporter, kannattajaj; 
(valmis) ready, prompt; '^ mattammm 
willing (1. ready L disposed) to belp; ^^ 
tyU devoted work, (ubrautuvatoen) seir- 
sacrinclng work; [joUekm] dUtUkMi ks. 
aataa, anfawt^ia, Joutua, JatUlk, panna; 
iMmkin -^ ( jonkm alamen) exposed to . ., 
(laid) open to .., (suojaton) unprotected 
against, (vastaanotuvamen jollekm) sus- 
ceptible to (L or) . . , sensitive to . . , 
liable to .. [esim. AyvOfe vaUuMmiUm ^ 
mimU (avom) a nUnd open (l. suscep- 
tible) to good impressions (1. susc^tlble 
or being impressed ror good); Imare*- 
lolfe ^ susceptible (1. open) to flattery; 
MtaM mm ^ katkttU twmUUm tbe port U 



AltlstM — 18 — uniiMitUJlrjMtft 

exposed to (1. lies open to L Is unpro- (aiaetta) outline, (valmlstella) prepare; 
tected against) all winds; taudUlm ^^ Ua- '^ kmBkuBtmlnltyymy present a subject 
l)le to disease; vaarallm ^ exposed to for discussion (with a preliminary out- 
danger, (myOs:) endangered, imperiled; line of the main features of It), outUne 
viiuatumiMeilm ^ liable to (catcli) cold]. the subject to be discussed, present a 

altiataa expose [to, Jollekm], subject [toj. brief, alustaja (taUOnan) mUer, knead- 

alttari altar, -alia altar-rail, -palveius, er; (kysymyicsen) one who presents a 
-toimitus Communion service, -uulu al- brief (1. outlines the subject to be dls- 
tarpiece. reredos. -vaate, -llina altar-clotn. cussed) . 

aitti » altto. aiusUlainan (kartanon) tenant; almtalal««f 

alttiikslUantaminen 1. -«ntainus surrender, (kartanon) tenants, tenantry, 
abandonment; (ubraus) sacrifice, giving aluttaminan (talklnan) mixing (up), 
up; (pidattymlnen) self-denial. -«ntava kneading, stirring; (kysymyksen) pres- 
(ubraava) self-sacrificing; (pid&ttyv&) entatlon, outlining; reportmg. aluatava 
self-denying (1. -forgetful); (altis) de- preliminary [examination, kuulusteluj, 
voted, -anuvalauus sacrifice; self-deni- (valmistava) preparatory; «/a«ea0at tyiit 
al; devotion. preparations, preparatory work, alusta- 

aitiiisti willingly, readily; devotedly, af- vaatl preliminarily, by way of prepara- 
fectlonately; self-sacrlficlngly. alttiua tion. aluaieellinen prellnUnary. aiuauie- 
willingness, good will, readiness: dispo- va — alustava; «/a«e«l««M eoeJUnto pre- 
sition; (taipumus) tendency, inclination; liminary (1. preparatory) examination, 
susceptibility [to (1. of) ..], liability alustus (taikinan) mixing (up), knead- 
[to ..]; (bartaus) devotion Uo ..], at- ing; (kysynwksen) presentation; report, 
tacbment [to . .] ; (ubratrtuvaisuus) outline, brief, summary; vrt. pohjustus. 
readiness to make sacrifices; vrt. altu. aiut|vaattaet underwear; underjclotbes (1. 

altto (mus.) alto, -viulu viola, -iini alto -garments 1. -clotmng). -vaattaisillaan 
(voice). in one's (1. their) nigbt-dotbes, in neg- 

alua (ala) territory; dominion; area; lig6e. -vesirataa undershot water-wheel. 
(seutu) tract, region; (plirl) district; alve (helslmato) tapeworm; tXvmt (ka- 
(kuv.) — ala; fcanpanjrln alumeila Within lanpoikaset) fry. 
the city (limits), within the confmes of amataoni (nalssoturl) amaxon. 
the town: uhdoM'^ manufacturing (1. amatddrl (taiteen, urheilun y. m. harrasta- 
factory) district; fhiaan '^ ground oc- Ja) amateur, 
cupied by the factory, factory grounds. Amazonvirta the (River) Amazon. 
aiuMllinen territorial; mlum€Ui»9lla pmru*- ambulanati (kenttttsairaaia) ambulance. 
e««/la on a territorial basis, alutelliaeaii -vaunu ambulance, 
territorially. Amarikiia America, amarikkalalnan (a. & 



afuainen (yhd.) .. of a(n) .. extent (1. s.) American, amarikkaialatua be(come; 
area) [eslm. imaia'^ of a wide extent (1. Americanized, amerlkkalalttunui Amerl- 
area); muppma'*' of a narrow area, of a canlzed. amerikkalalatuttaa Americanize. 



limited extent]. amerikkalalauua AmericanisoL 

alueakunu district, -liikiri district phy- ametiati (Jalokivl) amethyst. 

sician. amfltaattari (hist.) amphitheater, 

aiukal ks. alku. amlraall admlraL amiraallnlaiva (adml- 



aiukainkulJetuva navigable. ral's) flagsmp. amiralitaaUl (laivaston 

aiulla. alulle ks. alku. ylihallitus) admiralty. 

alullelpano setting on foot, initiative; ammahtaa: ^^ auki (eslm. ovl) fly vl. 



startmg. -pantu started, begun, com- sprmg) open. 

menced, put under way. ammatiliinen professional; ^^ 9ivimty9 pro- 

aiuminiumi (kem.) alumin(l)um. aluna fessional training; *^ ttdto skill (in one's 

(kem.) alum, alunalnan aluminous, alum- trade), professional skill, craftsmanship; 

like. '^ timto professional (L special) knowl- 

alunaUliuoa solution of alum, -iahdaa edge; ^ tyU skilled work, professional 

alum-works. work, ammatllliaaati professionally; am- 

aiua 1. (pohja. perustus) foundation, matiUUmmti i&rh»tynyt organized in trade - 

ground (work), base, basis, (tuki) sup- unions, uniomzed; ammatiiUs^mti i^l—- 

port, rest, (rak.) bed (ding); (vaunuu tynyt tybvUmBtB (1. v.) organized labor, 

y. m.) frame(work), truck; vrt. alusta; ammatinlihapjottaja person carrying on a 

2. (laiva, vene) vessel, boat, craft; 3. trade (1. profession); worker at a trade, 

(kiel.) subject; ks. myOs: allinKnalns. (handi) craftsman, -harjoiua carrying on 

alutlhame petticoat: (under) skirt, -hiral (of) a trade; handicraft. -talUva = am- 

(rak.) (ground) sill; sleeper; (lattian) mattitaitoinan. -tarkaatua Inspection of 

girder, summer, -houtut drawers; un- shops and factories, -vaara (bodily) 

derwear. -kunU dependent territory; risk (while at work). 

(henkUOt) dependents, retainers, (Jon- ammatlato (hist.) g(u)ild, trade g(u)ild. 

kun maatilan) tenantry, -kunuiainan de- ammatti (k&sityO-) trade, craft; (henki- 

pendent, retainer, (kartanon) tenant; vrt. sen tydn) profession; (toimi) business, 

alustalainan. -lakana bottom (1. under) occupation; calling; (ala) line; ammoHf- 

sheet. -lehdet (kasv.) radical leaves, taan Tsuutari, la&kAri, polUsi] [a shoe- 

-maa protectorate, dependency, (tribu- maker] by trade, [a pliysician] by pro- 

tary) prmcipality; oloamaaf (Jonkln val- fession, [a policeman] by occupation; 

takunnan aiaiset) possessions, dominions; ammattimn tarhattala factory Inspector, 

vrt. sUrtonnaa. -rakanna substructure; ammatti- (yhd.) (usein:) professional 

(perusta) foundation. [eslm. ^painija professional wrestler; 

aluata base; support, rest; (rakennuksen) -pmlnri professional gambler; ^poUtikoit' 

bed(dlng), (perustus) foundation, ground- «fia professional politician; 'vanu pro- 



(work), basis; (maakerta) basement; vrt. fessional thief; -ylp^y professional 

alus, Jalusta. pride], -ala trade; profession; line, -edut 

afuataa (taiklna) mix (up), (valvata) advantages of a trade, trade privUeges. 

knead [the dough, taiklna], stir; (maalll- -hauraua prostitution. -JArJaatd trade (s)- 

la) prime, ground; (kyaymystA) report, milon, (Amer. useln:) labor orgaolsatiOQ. 



— niillttittiii 



— id — 



AnatUA 



trade liYElry. -kerjuu profes- 
skmal begging, -kokemue training (in 
one's trade); professional experience; 
M ^ WIg mm perimpihiminmn mmmmttikoktmtB 
(myus:) be knows all tbe ins and outs in 
His trade (L profession), -koulu trade- 
scHool; industrial sctx>ol. -kumppani (pro- 
fessional) colleague; fellow craftsman. 

MMMtUkuniiallinen professional (Hist.) 
guild; ^ hnUd guild spirit; «* mpmtoM 
training (In one's trade). 

aflUMtttikunu craft, trade; (ammattij^dis- 
tys) (trade-) union; (ammatlsto) guild, 
trade guUd. -«aeUie guUd sutute. -tienki 
guild spirit, -laitoa guUd system; the 
guilds. 

MMMtUteinen (handi) craftsman; sklUed 
workman; (kisityOlIinen) arUsan, me- 
cnanic. 

awi n a tt lliitto federation of oraanized 
trades; (Jonkun) oaliiom ^ (Ybdysv.) 
SUte Federation of Lal>or. 

professional, ammattimal- 
professionally, like a professional, 
. . as a profession, ammailimalauua pro- 
fessional natura (1. character); profes- 
slooallsm. 

— imattH wi— craftsman; professional 
(man); (asiantuntlJa) expert, q;>eciaUst. 
-op t i i e professional training, instruction 
m a trade (L a profession), -oaaato 
(Amer.) local (trade-) union, union. 
-iaito skill in one's trade (L profession), 
(professional) skill, craftsmanship, -4111- 
tolnen skillful in one's trade (1. profes- 
sion), skilled. -iaiUiH expert (craftsman). 
•iarkaet^Ja factory inspector, -tarkaatua — 
uBSMtiatarkMttts. -iaudlt diseases pecul- 
iar to certain trades (1. occupations), ^e- 
«•( professional (L special) knowledge. 
-tllaato sutistics of trades; (teollisuus-) 
industrial sutistics. -toUumue profession- 
al experience, -ioverl 1. -veil — ammatti- 
k M » P P —t . -urbelllja professional (athlete) 
-vanhlii h "■ ' - -- --.- 



head of a trade guUd. 

freedom from industrial constramt, mdus- 

trial freedom. 
aMmattlyhdistye trade(s) -union. -liike 

trade- union movement, trade-unionism. 
9mmm vat; large tub. -kylpy (tub-)bath. 

a w is ntaa lade, scoop fwater out of . . , 
veta jostakln]; (kuv.) procure, obtain, 
acquire, gather; ^ htmUn (myOs:) dip 
out of ..: <« kmuhmlim ladle; ^ horpo 
mmtiM tHytmmn scoop a tub (1. a cowl) full 
of water; ^ rtau^Mtm lUhtmUtH (kuv.) 
draw from rich sources; ^ [kaivoj tyh- 
iakai (L kmiviin) draw [a weU] diy, 
empty: ^ H«c«/a acquire knowledge, 
gather information, ammentamlnen lad- 
ing, scooping; (tiedon) acquisition, gath- 
ering. 

amaioiii: *-' mikm^m (mittmn) (a) long long 
(time) ago, once upon a time, ammolnen 
extremely old, (very) ancient (1. primi- 
tive). immemoHal; (ettmen) distant, re- 
mote; h mmumoiaUta afoistm from time 
immemorial, from very ancient (1. from 
the earliest) times. 

BWHiHasn; oUa '^ be wide open, ^wdq 
; esim. mvi on '^ the door is wide open] ; 
••i m m nm ^ Stand with one's mouth 
wide open, stand agape (1. gaping); ttf- 
M«e ^ with eyes wide open, with one's 
eyes open wide. 

amw nlakkl (keuL) ammonia, -auolai am- 
mooiacal salts, -veal ammoniacal liquor. 



ammottaa gape (open) ; yawn; (olla auki) 
be wide open, ammottava gaping [wound, 
haava], yawmng [chasm, kuilu]; wide 
open. 
ammua bawl; low, moo; (vasikasta:) blat. 
ammuminen bawl(ing); low(ing), moo- 
(ing); blat (ting). 
ammunta shooting; (sot.) fire, 
ammuakeleminen firing (shots): shooting. 
ammuakella shoot, be (1. keep) shooting, 
practise with the rifle, ammuttaa have 
(1. order) .. shot, ammuuu shot; dis- 
charged; ammnttn naoii the arrow dis- 
charged (1. shot). 

ampaleu shoot; (kuv.) fling, toss. 

ampiainen wasp. 

ampiaitlparvi swarm of wasps, -peal 
wasp's nest, -pisto wasp's sting, sting 
(of a wasp). 

amppell (riippulamppu) hanging (flower-) 
basket (L night-lamp). 

ampua shoot [oneself m the leg, jalkaansa; 
rabbits, J&niksift] ; (laukaista) fire [a shot, 
laukaus]; ^ hmrhaan miss, miss the 
mark; ^ fania shoot (1. get) a rabbit; «« 
UbtUta shoot at a rabbit; ^ UpiM (lou- 
hia) blast rocks; ^ knoUamhMi shoot 
dead, shoot and kill, kill, shoot (down), 
(esim. lintu) bring down; ^ Utukaua fire 
(off) a shot; '*' iwi9ti otBoanma blow one's 
brains out; ^ mamiUn (I. piikkaan) ShOOt 
at a mark (1. a target); practise at a 
target; (sot.) practise target -shooting. ^ 
mminaan ShOOt at a wall; '*' Miva (L myr- 
idSn) miss (the mark); <« piaiU wound, 
cripple, (lintu) wmg; alkaa '^ Start to 
shoot rat one, Jotakuta], (sodassa) open 
fire; olla ammutttofiaMa be Within range 
(1. within gunshot) ; tuomita ammuttavak' 
Bi sentence to be shot. 

ampullla be (1. keep) shooting; (practise) 
shoot (ing). 

ampuia marksman; (yhd.) shooter [esim. 
toHUui"^ Sharpshooter], hunter [esim. 
hirvn^ deer- hunter; harhun^ hunter of 
bears]; ttdtaoa ^ a good (1. a crack) shot, 
a good marksman, -kalvot rifle pit; (valli- 
hauta) trench, -ketju line of riflemen. 

ampuma shot, -ala (sot.) range, -aae 
gun; weapon; ampuma-oMamt firearms. 
-aukko loophole; (tykkift varten) em- 
brasure, -haava bullet (I. gunshot) 
wound, -harjotut (usein: tanpumahario' 
takmmt) rifle -practice, gun-practice, (sot.) 
target -practice, -hauta rifle-pit. -kentta 
practice ground, (gunnery) range, -kil- 
pailu shooting-match, shooting- competi- 
tion, -linja (sot.) line of fire, range; 
firing line, -matka range, gunshot; am- 
pttmamatkan pHUhSn, pUHamd within range 
(1. gunshot), -rata shootmg-range, rifle- 
range; butts; (katettu) shooting-gallery. 
-reiki — ampuma-aukko. -eeura rifle club 
(1. association), gun club, -euunta » am- 
pumalioja. -iaito Skill in shooting, skill 
as a marksman, marksmanship; sharp- 
shooting; gunnery, -tarpeet »- ampuma- 
▼arat. -taulu target; butt, -varai (koll.) 
ammunition, -vili » ampmnamatka. 

ampuminen firing (shots), shooting; fire. 

Amurlnmaa Amur (territory). 

analysolda (eritellft) analfyze (1. -yse). 
analyytl anal|ysis (pi. -yses) ; (metalli- 
analyysi) assay, analyyttinen analytical. 

ananaa(hedelmi) pineapple. 

anarkla anarchy, anarkinen anarchic (al). 
anarkitml anarchism, anarklstl anarchist, 
anarklstinen anarchistic. 

anaataa (vallate) seize; lay hold of; usurp 
[power, valtaa; the throne, valtalstuin] ; 



Anattaja 



— 80 — 



ansalu 



arrograte (to 0.8.) [tlie right of ... Jo- 
kln olkeua]; (wrongmily) assume [a 
title, arvoQlml]; (ottaa) unlawmily take, 
appropriate [a p.*8 stiare of . . , Jonkuu 
osuus Jostakin]; (vallottaa) annex [a 
country. Jokin maa] ; ^ loltaktdta iotaUn 
(omaisuutta) dispossess one of . . . 

anattaja one who seizes (1. appropriates 
Jne.)> one who has seized Jne., vrt. •niitt—. 
usurper; dlspossessor; appropriator. -luok- 
ka class of usurpers, usurping class. 

anaataminen usurping, usurpation; appro- 
priation; assuming; vrt. seur. anaatut seiz- 
ure, dispossession, usurpation; annexation. 

anatomia (l&iik.) anatomy, -aali anatomic- 
al laboratory; dissecting room, anatoml- 
nen anatomical. 

Andea-Yuoret, AndU the Andes (Mountains). 

ana (tiist.) mdulgence. -kauppa sale of m- 
dulgences. -kaupplaa seller of indulgences, 
pardoner. -kirJa letter of mdulgence. 

analaminan asking, hegging. anaila ask. 
img; request, anaiu — umImdIiiaib. 

angerYo (kasv.) spirasa. meadowsweet. 

anglosaksilainan (a. & s.) Anglo-Saxon. 

angoraBkiaaa Angora cat. -Yllla Angora wool. 
-Yuohi Angora goat. 

ani very, extremely; ^ harva very (1. ex- 
tremely) few; ^ harpoin very (1. ex- 
ceedingly 1. extremely) seldom; very 
rarely; ^ varhain very early. 

aniiiini (v&ri) anilin(e). -myrkytya anilln 
poisoning; (l&&k.) anil (m) ism. -Yiri anilin 
dye (1. color). 

anfa (-kasvi) anise; (-mauste) aniseed. 
-6IJy anise-oil. 

anjovia ancho|vy (pi. -vies); (sftilytettynA. 
myOs:) canned sprats. 

ankara severe [winter, talvi; punishment, 
rangalstus]; rigorous; (tiukka) strict 
[supervision, valvonta; prohibition, kiel- 
to]; rigid r discipline, kuri]; (voimakas) 
strong [wind, tuull; current, virta]. 
powerful, vigorous [attack. hy6kkftys; 
effort, ponnlstus]; (tuima) violent, ve- 
hement; acute, sharp; intense; (kuuma) 
hot; (Julma) grim, fierce; (tyly) stem 
[father, isi; look, katse]. austere [fath- 
er, is&j; (kova) hard [work. tyO; cold 
in the head, nuha] ; heavy [sea. aallokko; 
blow, iaku]; ^ hmmppaUu hot (1. hard- 
fought) contest; ^ hmuntma intense 
heat: ^ myrmky vehement (L violent) 
storm; ^ pahkanmn severe (1. rigorous 1. 
bitter) cold; <« taimt^lu hot struggle, 
hard (1. sharp) fight; ^ taati acute 
sickness, (vaikea) serious illness; '^ tns- 
ka acute (1. severe) paln(s); ^ tutkimum 
strict (1. close) investigation; ankarat m- 
nat hard (1. harsh 1. sharp) words; uhdU 
ankarmnmak9i aggravate, ankaranlalnan 
somewhat severe, rather rigorous, quite 
strong, ankaraati severely, rigorously; 
strictly; violently; acutely, intensely: 
hard; mm on ankaramti kimllmtty it Is 
Strictly (1. positively) forbidden, anka- 
ruus severity, rigor, rigidity; strictness; 
vehemence; acuteness, sharpness; inten- 
sity; vrt. ankara. 

ankarlaanlnahka eelskin. -pyynti eel-flsh- 
ing. 

ankerlalnan, ankariaa eel. 

ankka duck; ks. koiraa'*. a a nom a U hti^. 

>iikkuri (lalvan) anchor (myOs kuv.); 
(astiamltta) anker, firkin; ankknrimma 
olmva anchored [ship, laiva]; oUa ankka- 
rimma ride at anchor, be (1. lie) anchored. 

ankkurlBkala (mer.) capstan, -kallo lever- 
watch, -katju chain cable, -palkka an- 
choring place, anchorage, moorage, -poh- 



Ja anchorage; bottom for anchoring, -poi- 
Ju 1. -kukko anchor-buoy, -vitjat » 
ankkurikatju. 

ankkurolda (laakea ankkuriin) anchor; ^ 
Udva anchor (1. moor) the ship. 

anna, annahan, annapiMM [from: aataa] 
give . .' let . .! afUM Mnmn puktm let him 
speak; anmaikmn) kmdwm go ahead! 
(Jkpv.) fire away! annahan oUa (OdOtap- 
pa) wait! (katsotaanpa) let's see! mnna 
mmnnd (k&sky aJurlUe:) go on! drive on! 
oniM minun [hftnen. sen y. m.] oUa let me 
[him. it etc.] alone! anna mUmn oUa ron- 
hamma leave me in peace! annappam minun 
kmrtoa, OMmappoM knn kmrron let me tell 
(how it was). (selitt&&) let me explain. 

annanta — aatamlnan. annanto (kiel.) (the) 
dative (case), annattaa have .. given (1. 
delivered 1. bestowed upon). 

annin (lahja) gift; present, donation; en- 
dowment; (luonnonlahja) talent; vrt. aa- 
timat. 

anniskalamlnan (vftkijuomlen) selling (by 
retaU) ; (jakelu) distribution, anniskalla 
sell (by retaU): (jaeUa) distribute, give 
out. serve out [provisions, ruokavaroja] ; 
annimkmlla vMkiiuomia sell (1. retaU) spir- 
its, distribute spirituous liquors. 

annlskalu (vftkijuomlen) (retail) sale of 
intoxicants (1. of alcoholic beverages) ; vrt. 
kapakka. -oikaus (vftkijuomlen) license 
to sell liquor, liquor (1. saloon) license, 
-paikka licensed house (1. premises); 
(kapakka) saloon, bar. -yhtio company 
licensed to retail spirituous liquors. 

annoksittain (l&ftkettft) m (1. by) doses; 
(ruokaa) a (1. one) portion at a time, in 
portions; fsot.) m rations. 

annoa (lUkettft) dose; (ruokaa) portion; 
(sot.) ration. 

anoa ask [one for a th.. Joltakulta Jota- 
Un]. petition [for ... jotaUn]; (pyytftft) 
solicit, entreat, (rukolllen) beg, inmlore 
[mercy, armoa] ; ^ antmmkmi ask (1. neg) 
pardon, pray for forgiveness [for one's 
sins, syntejftftn]. (puolustellen) make an 
apology, apologize; (eSim. velkaansa) 
ask for a th. to be cancel (l)ed. ask for 
the remission of [esim. ^ iwdkimmmti an- 
tmmkmi make a public apology, apologize 
publicly; huom. myOs: ^ virkmttUMn an- 
tmmkmi ask for Indulgence towards one's 
fault, ask pardon for one's mistake] ; 
^ Joltakulta (1. Jonkun) apwm ask one's 
help, ask one for help; ^ ormoa ks. pjry- 
UK. rukoiUa; ^ amian iykkaStnimta apply 
for a postponement (of the case) ; '*' 
[haUitukselta] miakmttu petition [the 
government] for a pension; '*' nSyrMmti 
beg humbly, supplicate, anoja petitioner: 
solicitor: suppliant, supplicant, anomi- 
nan asking; petitioning; supplication; vrt. 
anomus. anomukaantakIJi petitioner. 

anomus request; petition; (hakemus) ap- 
plication; anmmukmmni iohdomta on my peti- 
tion (1. request), in consequence of my 
request, (anomukseeni viitaten) refer- 
ring (1. in reference) to my petition; 
ionktin anomukmmmta at (1. on) one's re- 



-klrja I. 
petition. 



quest, upon the petition of 
-kirjalmft written application, 
-oikaua right of (1. to) petition, 
petition. 

anoppi mother-in-law. 

ansa snare; trap; (paula) noose. 

anaalu 1. (tyOUft&n) earn [a living, ela- 
tuksensa]; (yl.) win [one's bread, lei- 
pftnsft]. gain; realize; 2. (olla Jonkin ar- 
volnen 1. olla Jonkin ansalnnut) deserve 
[praise, kiltosta], merit [attention, huo- 



— 21 — 



itfou]; be wortby of, be entitled to; 
(oUa ionkln anrolnen) be wortli; ^ Jkon- 
mititmmtm be desenring (1. worthy) of re- 
spect; ^ mtittimdsiM deserve considera- 
tion, be wortb thinking over; '^ mwiatm- 
miaim deserve to be remembered; '^ p«f- 
Mite (X, ttJIm pmikHnkMi} deserve (1. 
merit) reward, deserve to be rewarded; 
« rmkmm jbOdUn make money on ... 
(tyoili) earn money by . .; i— alf— m g ft «» 
m narnHB rntf u, mmmdttu kS.hakU8.: hSna na m i tai 
tamikmittn wtmmJBuudBn (bankki) be made (L 
realised) a considerable fortune; Mr/a mi 
mmamitam imhrntmimtm the book IS not worth 
(the) reading <L not worthy of reading), 
the book does not deserve (1. merit) 
reading; mMyttSM mMmiUmpmmam /otaMn 
show o. s. to be deserving of . .; mlmn 
•en Ajwin mttmbmuit I have well de- 
served It; tytmim* om pmikkanam mmMmbt' 
imt (raam.) the Itborer Is worthy of his 
hire, ansaitoewaton unmerited, undeserv- 
ed: unworthy of ..; (tyOlUt) unearned. 
■nsaltiematta (an) undeservedly; without 
deserving It. antattaemlnen earning; 
(esim. rahan) making, realization; merit- 
ing, deserving. 

awta if ev earning; MoWii ^ deserving (1. 
meriting) . . . worth . . , worthy of, 
. .-worthy [esim. Aoomloto '^ deserving 
(1. meriting) attention, noteworthy; Atf- 
fMt« '^ deserving praise, praiseworthy; 
mUkmrniMtM ^ worth Seeing]. 

sMaltta merited, deserved [honor, kunniaj ; 
ky^im '^ well-earned [rest, lepo], well- 
deserved [beating, selkisauna], well-won 
prize. paJkinto]. 

■marl (kasvihuone) hothouse, greenhouse, 
-kaavl hothouse plant. 

tJiaaa (rak.) truss. 

aiielo (tyO-) earnings (useln — aaalot) ; 
(mlta on ansainnut) desert(s), merit (s); 
(arvo) worth; (hyv&puoli) credit; mn^nn 
■iidlBBii according to one's (1. Its) deserts 
M. merits) ; afuloeea undeservedly; oiwioe- 
tmd without my deserving It; Mr/iui '^ on 
MOmit^ «et« .. the merit of the book lies 
in the fact that . .; koMn mnsionam lUkmmn 
fl. nmftnnj every man according to his 
jQst deserts. 

— i oi w e n (yhd.) of . . merit Feslm. •mni^ 
of great merit (1. worth)]; vrt. myOs 
fcjFvKMD itolno- 

anelokae (IhmisesU:) deserving, worthy; 
<astasU:) meritorious [deed, teko]; (tuot- 
tava) lucrative, remunerative, profitable; 
tmkM kypin mmBiokmtm tyStH hnkin Ay- 
99kmi do a very meritorious work (1. per- 
form a work of great worth) for . . , ren- 
der great (1. valuable) service to ... 
awaioiiiTaasti in a worthy manner, worthi- 
ly, meritoriously, deservingly. anslolt- 
k ( ais ) Vila worthiness ; meritoriousness ; 
merit, anaiolllnen — anrtolw; mnMioUinmn 
mdmm a man Of merit, analolllseatl, ansloi- 
liMim ks. anrioHraagti, a nriokln ma. 

anelolliiectelo list of mertts (1. credits), 
li«t of qualifications, list of achievements. 
-MMe source of Income, means of earn- 
ing a livelihood; business. 
•Asiealhaku: tMhtmH mma i m n hakmm go to 
look for work (I. for a Job), -muialnen 
merited, deserved; due. -multaleeetl ac- 
cording to [one's] deserts (1. merits), 
de^rvedly; duly. 

amlopvofli good (1. bright) side, merits; 

credit; kMmm '^ the merits of the book. 

mtk^un (thmisisti:) without merlt(s), 

without desert (s), lacking merits (1. 

crediU), undeserving; (asioista:) unde- 



served, unmerited; vrt. aw— it— maton. 
analottomaati undeservedly, aneiottomuua 
lack of merit (s). 
analotyd 1. work for wages, work to earn 
one's living: (tuottava) lucrative (1. prof- 
itable) wo»; 2. (ansiokas teko) merito- 
rious deed (1. action), exploit, feat, 
(great) achievement. 

antaa 1. (tr.) give [money to one, Jollekulle 
rahaa; one medlcme, Jollekulle lUketU; 
one instructions how to . . , Jollekulle oh- 
Jeita, mlten . .; one permission to do a 
th., JoUekulle lupa tehdi Jotakln; one to 
understand that . . , Jonkun ymm&rtaa, et- 
t& . .; a concert, konsertti; orders, kftsky; 
information, tletoja; a large return, run- 
sas sato]; (JoUekuUe kiteen 1. haltuun) 
deliver (over), hand (over), reach; (Jtt- 
tAft) leave; (lahjana y. m.) bestow (1. 
confer) [a th. upon one, Jollekulle Jo(ta)- 
kin], mvest [one with power (1. authori- 
ty), Jollekulle valU(a)], (muodollisiUa 
Juhlallisuuksilla) present [the prize to 
the victor, palkinto volttajalle] ; (myOn- 
t&ft) grant [permission to dance, lupa 
tanssia], accord; (suoda) afford freller, 
helpotusta; satisfaction, tyydytystfl.] , lend 
[assistance, avustusta; charm to the 
landscape, malsemalle vlehatystA; an ear 
to. huomlota Jollekini; render [help to 
the poor, apua kOyhille; a Judgment, tuo- 
mloj, furnish [ball, takaus], (tuottaa. ai- 
heuttaa) Impart [a color to . . , Jolleklu 
Jokln v&ri], bring, (satona y. m.) yield 
[large crops, runsas sato], produce; (tot- 
mittaa Jonkin antaminen) administer 

i medicine to one, Jollekulle l&ftkettft], 
eal [a blow, Isku]; (sallia) let [one 
try, Jonkun koettaa], allow [one to go, 
Jonkun mennft], surfer [one to depart. 
Jonkun l&hteA] ; (Julkaista) issue [a pro- 
clamation, Julfstus; orders, k&sky] ; 2. (itr.) 
(olla suunnattuna Johonkin) face to, face 
on [huom. esim. UUntnat antavat pohjoi- 
fmn the windows face (to the) north], 
front [esim. Aoona ^ kaduUm the room 
fronts the street]; anna ks. hakus.; '*' 
aihmtta §mhonMn (\. hnkin aihmtta) give 
rise (1. occasion) to, lead to, cause (i. 
occasion) . .; set afoot, start; (esim. 
mlettimisen alhetta) furnish matter (I. 
material 1. food) for [huom. myOs: osla 
mi anianut aihmtta mihinklUln toimmnpHmi- 
miin no action was taken in the matter] . 
'^ aimnnamta iomtakin give (I. allow) dis- 
count on a th., allow (1. deduct) . . (for 
discount) on a th. [huom. myds: ~ 5 
%:n aimtmua (h S % almnnamta) iomtakin 
allow (a discount of) 5 % on a th., al- 
low 5 % discount on a th.]; <« aittHltmi 
ks. paima; '^ antmmltmi forgive, pardon. 
excuse, (velka) cancel, remit, (olla buo- 
mloonottamatta) overlook [a p.'s faults, 
Jonkun viat], vrt. suoda [huom. myos: 
antahaa antmmltmi roftitmutmni excuse my 
boldness! mitH mi voi '^ antmmkmi it cannot 
be forgiven (1. pardoned I. excused 1. 
overlooked), it is inexcusable (1. unpar- 
donable)]; ^ apua loUmktMm render (1. 
lend) one assistance, lend (1. give) one a 
(helping) hand, assist (1. help) one, 
(puutteessa olevalle) bestow relief on: ~ 
tfjiina ioilmkailm show mercy towards one, 
(armahtaa) pardon one; '*' ari^oa ^1. or- 
va) loUmMn have respect (1. regard) for 
[other people's opinions, muiden mlellpi- 
tellle], feel respect for. show respect 
to (ward) [a p., Jollekulle], bold in nigh 
esteem, respect, (Jollekin aslalle) place 
value on, pay attention to, make account 



•nua 



— 22 — 



AlltaA 



or [eSlm. aniMMi murmn arvon h&nmn sao- 
mittakmmUmmn I place grreat value oa bis 
recommendation; atuum auurta arvom (L 
«aar«n arvon) h&nmn tanoilimmn I grlve (1. 
ascribe) ?reat welgrbt to bis words; «fi 
mnna nutH^n arvoa Mnmn puhmOimmn I put 
no confidence In (1. I pay no attention 
to) wbat be says; buom. my<)s: ^ Uiun 
Muuri arvo Mtmhin overrate (1. over- 
estimate) a tb.. tbink too mucb (1. bigb- 
ly) of ..], vrt. panna; ^ Jokln Jonkun 
arvoMtoitavakti (myOs:) submit a tb. to 
one for criticism, leave a tb. to one's judg- 
ment (1. discretion) ; ^ aamtva Issue an or- 
dinance, promulgate a statute; ~ ««i- 
mmrkhi hhonkin set an example Tor: ^ 
[Jollekulle rabaa] mtukUfmn advance [one 
money]; '^ Jollekulle haa»tm (saapua oi- 
keuteen) serve a sunmions upon . . » 
(esim. painibaaste) cballenge one to 
[a wrestling matcb], vrt. haastaa; ^ Jon- 
kun htdtnun (\. fmoataan) commit (1. 
entrust 1. deliver) to tbe care (1. cbarge) 
or, (kftsiln) leave in tbe bands of; ^ 
hmnkmnta hnknn mdmttH give (up) one's 
life for, (ubrautua) sacrifice o.s. for; ^ 
hmvoMfn hmngilhtSM give tbe borses 
breatb, let tbe borses breatbe; ^ hoakwt- 
Ulla itmrnSiln htMnkin (let O.S.) be per- 
suaded to . . , (suffer o.s. to) be pre- 
vailed upon to ..; ^ Jokln Jonkun Aoo- 
Uk»i Cbarge (1. conmiission) one witb . . 
leave a tb. to one, entrust it to one to 
..;'*' huomiota Mimhin pay (1. lend 1. give) 
attention to; ^ilml disclose. reveal [a secret, 
salaisuus], ks. myOs: ilmUntM; ^ Jolle- 
kulle iloa (tuottaa) afford pleasure to . . , 
give delight to . . , bring Joy (1. happi- 
ness) to . .; ^ itmmkvdUkin omansa iosto- 
kin (myOs:) mete out to eacb one bis 
(share of) ..; ~ itamnga ks. antantua; ^ 
HaanmU Jumalan haltuun (usk.) give O.S. 
into God*s care, deliver o.s. into tbe bands 
of God; '*' [asian] jiUidii Bikammn drop 
[the matter], let [tbe matter] alone; ^ 
kanBidaiBoikmndtt iolUkutU (myOntilft) 
admit one to citizenship, naturalize; 
^ kmrtomuB matkostaan return (1. give) 
a report of one's voyage, give (1. render) an 
account of one's trip; ~ kieltSvU voBtatu an- 
swer (1. reply) in the negative, decline 
ran offer. Johonkin tarjoukseen] ; -» khr- 
tds (eslm. sanan, hatun y. m.) pass. 
(mlehest& mieheen) pass around, (eslm. 
kerftysllslan) circulate; -^ kiitoBta jolU- 
kuUm bestow praise upon a p.: ^^ Jonkun 
komttaa (myOs:) give one a chance, give 
one a trial (1. a try) [eslm. €atna minnn 
komttaa violU korran give me another 
chance, let me try once more] ; -» Jota- 
kuta korvidU fl. korviiU) (lyOdft) box a 
p. on the ear, box a p.'s ear(s), vrt. seur.; 
^ Jollekulle korvaptnuti give (1. adminis- 
ter) one a box on tbe ear, give one a 
cuff, cuff a p.; ~ kutBuimuB) joltonkin 
Issue a call for, call [a meeting, kokouk- 
seen]; '*' MUirahaa make a deposit, ad- 
vance money (l. pay earnest money) [on 
a contract, urakkasoplmusta vastaan] ; ^ 
Jokin kSsiataan let a tb. out of one's 
hands, let go of a tb.. (luopua) give a 
tb. up, surrender (1. relinquish) a tb.; -^ 
jotakin Jonkun katoon hand (1. reach) 
one a tb., deliver a tb. into a p.'s band, 
hand over a tb. to one; - kSttU loiUkulU 
(myOs:) shake hands with one, (ojentaa) 
extend (1. hold out) one's band to one; -^ 
lahfakai (mvOs:) give away. (Jollekulle 
Jotakin) make one a present of, present 
one with: ^ laimi lottokulU (myOs:) ac- 
commodate a p. with a loan, make one 9 



loan (1. a loan to one); ^ Udmakai foUf 
ktdim lend one, accommodate one with [a 
sum of $100, 100 doUaria], (velka- 
klrjaa vastaan) loan a p.; ^ lakimhdotua 
odtukunnaUo kS. aaitUUU JKttllM; - fapa 
(myOnt&ft) grant a permit, grant permis- 
sion, permit, allow, (vlralllnen) grant a 
license, license [eslm. hanatta annottUn 
fapa myydU vUkiifMomia be was granted a 
license (1. be was licensed) to sell liq- 
uor]; '^ lupaaa (myOs:) make a promise, 
(luvata) promise; ^ [suuri] mmrkitya 
httmkin aaiaUm attribute (1. ascribe 1. at- 
tach) [a great deal of] Importance (1. 
weight) to a matter; ^ mySion (myOn- 
tftft) admit, concede, (antaa perftftn) yield 
(tbe point), give in; <« odottaa ks. odo- 
tuttaa; ^ ohjauMta (\. opaatwuta) joasakin 
give Instruction in. Instruct (1. direct) . . 
in, (neuvoja) give advice about (1. in); 
«« Jollekulle oikotaa grant one a rtght (1. 
permit one) [to carry a weapon, kantaa 
asetta], (sallia) permit, allow, (valta) 
vest a p. with authority [to swear in 
deputies, vannottaa toimeensa apulaisia]; 
'^ oUa (raahaaaa) leave (1. let) .. alone 
[eslm. anna aan oUa leave (1. let) it 
alone! aniakaa h^nmn oUa raahaaaa let him 
alone, leave bim in peace]; ^ opatuata 
/offaAoff* joaaakin ainoaaaa give one in- 
struction (1. lessons) In . . , teach one 
[English, englannlnkielessi] ; ^ Jollekulle 
palkinto h^takin award one a prize for; 
^ parsan give way. yield, (kuv.) give in. 
(Jkpv.) come round; -» aana a€umata 
make a rejoinder, retort, (maksaa) pay . . 
(back) in bis own coin, give . . as good 
again (I. as good as be sent); ^ aalitya 
(myOs:) make an explanation, (kftyt5k- 
sestftftn) give an explanation. Justify o.s.; 
'^ aalkaan follakallo give one a whipping 
(1. thrashing 1. beating 1. nogging I. 
trouncing). (Wylytys) give one a drub- 
bing. (Jkpv.) tan (1. dust) a p.'s Jacket, 
give one a licking; '^ aaata ioilakulla 
(suudella) give one a kiss, kiss one; ^ 
takaiain give .. back, return, (rahasta) 
give back '. . In change [for a dollar, dol- 
larista] ; ~ takana ks. taata, hankkia (ta- 
kaus); '^ tahda Mtakin have a tb. done 
[eslm. antakaa lahattaM aahkSaanoma have 
a telegram sent], vrt. taattit; <« Jonkun 
tehtavakai O. auoHtattavakai ) ioku tyS 
set one a task, give one a tb. to do; -» 
[pal Jon] tekamiata loUakaiU make (1. 
cause) one [a great deal (1. a lot) of] 
work (1. trouble); ^ Hadokai (tehdfttlet- 
tftvftksi) make . . known, announce, give 
notice of, let it be known, (ilmottaa) in- 
form [buom. tatan tiadokai annataan, atta . . 
this Is to notify (1. to give notice) that . . . 
notice is hereby given that . .] ; ^ tiato 
ioatakin give notice of [one's arrival, tu- 
lostaan], notify, (ilmottaa) Inform; -* 
tietoa itaaataan (olinpalkastaan y. m.) 
send word (of o.s.) [buom. han ai oia 
antanut mitaan Hatoa itaaataan vuoaikaw 
aiin he has not sent any word for years, 
we have had no word (1. have not heard) 
from him for years] ; -* tiatofa iollakaila 
ioatakin furnish (1. supply) one with (1. 
give one) information about; '^ tilaa ks. 
tehdS (tilaa) ; <« Jokin Jollekulle toimakai 
entrust one with . . . entrust a commis- 
sion (1. a task) to one, vrt. seur.; ^Jolle- 
kulle toimakai tahda htokin commission 
(1. instruct) one to do a tb., entrust one 
witb tbe task oT doing a tb. [buom. esim. 
hanan toimakaaan annattHn ImaHa pUma' 
tukaat (\. pUruatuatan laaHminan) he was 
Charged witb making (1. drawing) tbe 



S3 



destsns, tbe task (1. the duty) of making* 
tlie designs upas entrusted (1. assigned) 
to htm (I. was laid upon him)]; '^ [hy- 
ra] f^mkwim afford (1. give 1. yield) 
fgood] results; ^ Jollekulle t u nn u tu aita) 
$%9twkin give one recognition for, recog- 
nixe one for his services; ^ [tyO] ar«- 
haMm let out [a work] on contract; let 
tbe contract for [a work]; ««' ooffa viri' 
hmttM foUmkim give fresh (1. new) impetus 
to . . , reanimate (1. retallven) a th.; '^ 
mmttm mtimmm relnvlgorate; '^ 9aitmi9iaa 
ks. vakBlstBttu. tMttU; «* JoUekuUe 
mmHm jmhrntJiim (oikeuttaa joku) give one 
a (L the) rtght to . . , (valtuuttaa) au- 
thorize (L empower) one to . . , vest one 
with (the) authority to . .; ^ iwfto(a) |olf«- 
kim (eslm. vihalleen) let a th. get control 
of (L dominion over) one, (pi&stft& val- 
lollleen) give free course (1. rein) to 
r one's emotions, tuntellleen; one's grief, 
sumlleen]. Indulge, let . . loose; '^ vangi- 
tm ks. ▼BBfltnttea; «* vupauita tfa piUU69 
(valamlehlstOstA puhuen:) return a ver- 
dict of not guilty, free; '^ jotakln jolle- 
kulle p^ivmamadmkai Impose upon one a 
duty of doing a th.; ^ vMtamro dis- 
rharre (I. dismiss) a p. (from office), 
(py^TmOsa) accept one's resignation, 
(eUkkeeUi) pension off: '^ vUmaa Impamilm 
whip (L switch) the child, vrt, antM m1- 
klia; ^ vmokrmUm lease, let (out), hire 
out; '-^ pmM (valhtokaupassa) pay a dif- 
fereiMe [of . .]> pay . . to boot; '^ vMMriB 
Hmimfm misinform, impart (1. give) false 
mformation; '<» ytmn ks. yimaatMi; «^ vm- 
i «*f« AcoMa rmntmim give one to under- 
stand m a roundabout way, intimate, hint; 
^ MMmmmMM lonMn paoimtta (h hyvMksi) 
vote for a th.; ^ AXnl (\. b9v^) give (1. 
strike) the keynote: |m /amala '^ Mnmam 
imrmmyttM (suo) If Ood grants him health 
<l. bestows health upon him); Mr/« «n- 
mf— p—ti9ta the letter will be given 
out (1. handed to you 1. delivered) from 
(1. at) the post office; ndnM mn mima nd- 
tsam hMmmUm I won't give him anything, I 
will give nothinr to him. 

antaja one who gives (1. delivers 1. be- 
stows Jne.), vrt. astMi; giver; bestower; 
(lahjottaja) donor, antamlnen givmg, de- 
livering^, handing over; bestowal; presen- 
tation; granting; affording, imparting Jne., 
vrt. MBtMi; tmmnatnan mntamlsia oarf «fi 
to be reported upon, for expression (1. 
sutement) of opinion. 



give o.s. up [to tbe authorities, 
viranomalsille; to one's work, tyOhOnsA; 
to dissipation, hurjasteluun] , surrender 
(O.S.) [to the enemy, viholllselle] ; (vi- 
hoiuselle, mUrityilU ehdollla) capitulate; 
(allstua) yield, yield o.s. [prisoner, van- 
rlksi]; (ryhtyl) enter [into conversation 
with one, puhelslin Jonkun kanssa], en- 
ga«re [in speculations, keinotteluun; in a 
debate with one, viittelyyn ionkun kans- 
sa], embark [In an enterprise, Johonkln 
yritykseen], take part fin, iononkln] ; 
(niveta) take up, take to [drink (Ing), 
jnomaani, set about, enter upon; (har- 
rastuksella. halulla Johonkln) devote o.s. 
to . . , apply o.s. (1. one's mind) to . . . 
(vihkiytyi) dedicate o.s. to [tbe cause of 
freedom, vapauden aslan palvelukseen] ; 
proceed [to, Johonkln]; ^ Jonkln aIoI- 
mkai (JoUekln alttiiksi) expose o.s. to., 
rhuom. ^ vmmrmm alalMJM (myOs:) en- 
danger (1. imperil) o. s.], (talpua, alis- 
tua) submit, bend [eslm. '^ ikmmn mUdmmk' 
ai submit (L bend) to the yoke]; ^ Jol- 



lekln (mmtnatH)tiMm take up a line, en- 
ter a profession, (vallta Jokln ala) choose 
(1. adopt) a profession; '^ mrmolUm sur- 
render unconditionally, (heittayty& Jonkun 
armollle) throw o.s. upon a p.'s mercy; 
'^ ihmUmmman fottJkin give O.S. up to ad- 
miring a th., become absorbed In the ad- 
miration of a th., be carried away by a 
th.; '^ Jonkun hMmttav^mi (antaa Jon- 
kun Johtaa) allow (1. suffer) o.s. to be 
led (1. ruled 1. governed) by one; -* 
lari—tanUUn mlot set about (1. undertake) 
to regulate the conditions, devote o.s. to 
regulating the conditions; '^ kmuppaam (\, 
kaappoihin) lonAan kansam enter into a 
deal with one; '^ /onJbm MaHn surrender 
to .. [the enemy, vihollisen k&siln], give 
0.8. up to [the authorities, viranomaisten 
k&slln], deliver o.s. into a p.'s hands, 
(eslm. l&ak&rin) put o.s. in a p.'s hands, 
vrt. '^ Jonkun ▼altaaa; '^ UdBkmttmmn 
yield to lazy habits; '^ ImikattavakBi sub- 
mit to (having) an operation (performed 
on O.S.), let O.S. be operated upon; ^ 
iSakitrin hoidmttaoakmi put O.S. in a doctor's 
care (1. hands), give o.s. up to the care 
of a doctor; '^ maanvHIMISkai (\, maaia 
vttiminndMn) engage in (1. devote o.s. to) 
agriculture; ^ opin el«lf«' apply o.s. to 
learning, devote o.s. to study (I. learn- 
ing) ; '^ Johonkln uhtSvaMn (ryhtyft) 
proceed to (1. tackle) a task, enter upon 
a task, (barrastuksella) devote o.s. to a 
task, (suostua ottamaan) undertake a 
task; '^ Jonkun tarviin give o.s. up to (1. 
throw o.s. on) a p.'s protection; ^ tyS- 
hSnmS 9uarmUa hartaadeUa become en- 
grossed in one's work, be (come) absorbed 
(1. lose o.s.) In one's work, be (come) 
devoted to one's work; '^ Jollekin uraUm 
enter a profession, take up a career, (va- 
llta) choose (1. adopt) a line [eslm. Mn 
a ni au iu i h&yttmUI&uw^Um he entered the 
actor's profession, he chose the career of 
an actor, (myds:) he became an actor, he 
went in for acting; huom. myOs: ^ laki- 
mi9»uraU9 enter the law, choose the law 
for one's profession, choose the legal pro- 
fession; '^ opmttafanrtdU devote O.S. to 
teaching, take up teaching as a profession, 
choose the career of a teacher]; ^ chm. 
raan expose O.S. to danger, endanger (1. 
imperil) o.s.; ^ Jonkln vaUaan give o.s. 
up to [sorrow, sunin valtaan], surrender 
o.s. to [the sway of one's passions. Into- 
himojensa valtaan], abandon o.s. to [grief, 
vice, murheen, pahelden valtaan], yield (1. 
give way) to [despair, epatolvon valtaan] , 
let o.s. be transported (1. carried away) 
by [joy, lion valtaan] ; ^ jonkun valtaan 
put o.s. m a p.'s power, give (1. deliver) 
o.s. up (1. over) to a p., (kftslln) sur- 
render to one, (allstua) submit to one; 
'^ Johonkln yrhykammn embark upon (I. 
take part in) an undertaking (I. an enter- 
prise) ; an aniaadu bHU orvoMtalanMant 1 
don't care to make any criticism of It: . 
hanmn tHytyi ^ (antaa perft&n. luopua) 
he had to yield (1. to give in 1. give up 
1. give way) ; linnotwu antautvd (viholiiBil- 
U) the fortress capitulated, the fortress 
surrendered (to the enemy) ; tutkimak- 
Mnaa kokonaan antattttamt completely 
engrossed (1. absorbed) In one's researches. 
antautuminen surrender (Ing). (mUrfttylllft 
ehdollla. sodassa) capitulation; (allstuml- 
nen) submission; (harrastus) devotion 
[to . .] : ioff«Mn afalf« (h ttraiU) ^ adop- 
tion of a profession, choosing a career, 
taking up (of) a line. 



anUutumlMlka 



— «4 — 



•ntautumitlaika (sot.) (limit of) time set 
for surrender, -ohdoi terms or surrender 
(1. capitulation). 

anteektl I. (verbien ybteydessft) ks. aaoft, 
antM, pyytftl, mumU, suoda. 11. (lyb. sa- 
nolsta: 9nokaa antmrnkgO pardon (me) ! beg" 
pardon! (please) excuse me (1. us)! ««', 
fnK«n «« oti (I. mitd 9mnoitt9) excuse me, 
I did not hear? wbat did you say» please? 
beg- (your) pardon? 

•nteefctilannettaYA pardonable [error, hai- 
rahdus]; venial [offense, rlkos]; excus- 
able [mistake, erebdys]. -«nnettaYaituut 
pardonableness, excusableness. -«ntamaton 
unpardonable; inexcusable; unjustifiable 
[act, teko], unwarrantable [nerltgence, 
buolimattomuus] . -«ntamattomuut un- 
pardonableness. unjustifiableness. -«nta- 
mut ks. aiit«elcsi«nto. -«ntaY«(inen) for- 
^ving*; indulg'ent. lenient. -«ntaY«ituut 
for^ivin^ess, forgiving' disposition (I. 
nature). -«ntaYastl foririving'iy; wltb in- 
dulgence (1. leniency), indulgently. -«nto 
pardon, forgiveness; excuse; (velan y. m.) 
cancel (l)ation, remission; ylminmn (viratU' 
nen) mnUmktianto (valt.) amnesty, gen- 
eral pardon, -pyydellen witb many apolo- 
gies, apologizing* apologetically, -pyyntft 
excuse; (selittelevi) apology. -pyytelevA 
1. -pyytavA apologetic (al) [reply, vas- 
tausj; animmk^ipyytmUvM kirfm (myOs:) 
a letter full of excuses (1. with a thou- 
sand excuses), -euotava pardonable, ex- 
cusable. 

•nteliaatti open-bandedly, srenerously, lib- 
erally; (runsaasti) freely, •nteliaftuus 
open -handedness; liberality, g-enerosity. 
antellat open-handed, grenerous, liberal; 
free; anUUoaUa MdMA With a lavish 
hand, freely, liberally. 

•ntl gift, present, endowment; mmtmtin^ 
game; vrt. seur. 

•ntlicrlttut Antichrist. 

•ntlkvaarlnen antiquarian; '^ tdrhJwuppa 
second-hand book-store. 

Antillit AntiUes; PUnt '^ the Lesser Antil- 
les; Snavt ^ the Greater Antilles. 

antllooppl (eiaint.) antelope. 

•ntl met (tuotteet) products, produce, 
yield; (lahjat) ^fts, endowments; har- 
ion ^ yield (1. produce) of the stock; fnen- 
non ^ nature's yield, products of nature; 
maan ^ products Of the soil, (aarteet> 
the riches (1. treasures) of earth; in«f- 
•fin ^ yield of the forest, forest prod- 
ucts; ofincn '^ fortune's gifts (1. bounties). 

•ntimonl (kem.) antimony. 

•ntlpyrllnl (l&flk.) antipyrln(e). antlteptl- 
nen (taudlnltlOltft tappava) antiseptic; 
anH9mpH»9t ainmmt antiseptics. 

anto » antamiiiAB. antoinen (yhd.) ks. 
niukka-antoinen, niuMisantolnen. antolta 
fertile [soil, maa], rich, productive; myds 
« antolias. antoplivA date (of issue 1. of 
delivery 1. of promulgation). 

antratlittl ("kova hlili") anthracite. 
Jlnttl Andrew. 

antura sole; (reen) shoe; panna uadH an- 
turot kmnkiin resole the Snoes; rmmn taOu- 
rot (myOs:) the Irons of the sleigh run- 
ners. -kenkA shoe with a sole, -nahka 
sole-leather. 

•ntupofda put a sole on [a shoe, kenk&], 
sole, anturoi (tte) minen soling. 

Antverpen Antwerp. 

apala (nuotta-) sweep with the (1. a) 
seine; haul, draft, -palkka place well 
suited for a sweep with a seine. 

aparaattl (koje, kojelalte) apparatus. 

ape mash; vrt. rehu. 



apea (alakuloinen) blue, depressed, de- 
jected, disheartened, . . In low spirits; 
(murheellinen) sad, melancholy; '^ ndmU' 
(ala) gloom, dejection, low spirits, mel- 
ancholy; apMoUa mioioUii m low (1.' sad) 
spirits, disheartened, dejected, depressed, 
in a gloomy (1. dejected) mood, out of 
spirits, unhappy, sad; mimlmni on (\. 
oBuu) mpmana 1 feel blue, I am (1. feel) 
downcast (1. dejected 1. disheartened); 
vrt. kHydH (apeaksl). -miellnen disheart- 
ened, dejected, depressed (in spirits), 
downcast; (murheellinen) sad, melan- 
choly, unhappy, -miellaetti dejectedly, 
gloomily; sadly, -miellsyys dejection, low 
spirits, lowness of spirits; sadness, mel- 
ancholy. 

Apennllnit the Apennines. 

apaut ks. mUlenapons. 

aplia(t) clover; (kasv., myOs:) trefoil. 
-maa clover -field. 

apilanOkukka clover blossom, -lahtl clover 
leaf; trefoil -leaf, -elaman clover seed. 
-vlijalys cultivation (1. raising) of clover. 

apilaviarat (kasv.) clover-dodder. 

aplna monkey; (ihmisenkaltalnen) apa 
-Ihminan ape-man. 

aplnamainan apish; monkey-like, ape-like. 
apinamaltuut aplshness. aplnanaama phys- 
iognomy of an ape. apinannAkAlnan re- 
sembling an ape, ape-like, monkey-like. 

aplnolda ape; (liikkelll&) mimic; (j&ljitel- 
1&) imiUte, (pilkallisesti) mock, apl- 
nol(tae)mlnan aping; mimicry; imitation. 
aplnolUIJa ape; mimic; imitator. 

aplodaarau (taputtaa k&siftftn) applaud. 
apioodi (kftsien taputus) applause. 

apoatoli apostle; ApostoUmn («oe (I. Ukofa) 
the Acts (of the Apostles), apottoilnan 
apostolic, apoatollnjhavotat 1. -kyytl: Jhil- 
kma apoHolinlkmvoBiila 1. -kyydiWi (leik. » 
Jalan) go on Shank's horses. 

apotti abbot, -kunu abbacy. 

appaa 1. (ahmia) eat (1. feed) voraciously 
(1. ravenously), swallow, devour, bolt: 2. 
(luoda) lade, scoop, (vetta veneesta) ball. 

appaitlini orange. -hyytaM orange jelly, 
-mahu orange juice. 

appaltlininlkuorl orange-peel (1. -skin). 
-pieman orange seed. 

appalslfnIBpuu orange-tree, -vlljaiys cul- 
tivation (1. raising) of oranges. 

appi father-in-law. -ukko -= appl. -van- 
hammat: mppivanhmmpani my father -1i\- law 
and mother-in-law, my parents -In -law. 

apposan: '^ alaati stark naked, stripped to 
the skin. 

aprlkka (-hedelmft) apricot. 

aprikoida weigh . . in one's mind, think . . 
over; (mietti&) ponder [over, Jotakin], 
muse [on..] i^aaiaa think the matter over. 

aprlkooti -» aprlkka. 

aptaekkari apothecary; (Amer.) druggist; 
(Engl.) chemist. 

aptaekkl drug-store; (Engl.) chemist's, 
apothecary's (shop); (salraalan, laivan 
y. m.) dispensary; vrt. matka"^. -oppilaa 
druggist's apprentice, -tavara drug(s), 
medicament (s). 

apu help; aid, assistance; succor; (hydty) 
use, avail; (helpotus) relief; (parannus) 
remedy; (pelastava) rescue: (tuki) sup- 
port; apoa tarvit90mmtta Without (requir- 
ing) any assistance, unaided; mmksi ks. 
huntaa, olla, tulla; [Jonkin. Jonkun] avtdla 
(Jonkin) by (the) aid (1. help) of, by 
means of, by, (jonkun) with the assist- 
ance (1. aid 1. help) of, with one's assist- 
ance (1. help), assisted by [esim. Jwnalan 
avulla \iith the help of God; kminaloamt- 
vohn avulla by the aid (1. help) of 



— 25 — 



apkallUi 



cratcbas: k min m t f JWtfM «0all« the means 
br vtilell . .; mlnofi mmdlmni with my aid 
(L tielp L assistance), assisted by me» 
(kaattanl) tbrouffh me; tamaiaaimn mndla 
br tbe aid (1. belp) of glasses]; «l aUtu 
•!• [minuUe] muaan «paa it does not 
belp [me] any, (byOtyft) it is of no use 
(L avail) [to mej; MneUM on ainaata 
mmmri ^ be bas a rreat belp in you, you 
are a great belp to bim; Mnmn trnMUtutta- 
tm immt a mn mi mim tnUSan mptm it's no USe 
(L it avails notbinsr) to remind bim, it 
does DO good to remind bim; onfco ainulia 
aStM yhtaan (I, tnUSan) mpua is that Of 
any use to you? are you able to make 
any use of ttiat? does tbat serve you 
mrJ «lMr tvimm meiam ^ tbat wiU be a 
belp to us, tbat will belp us out. 
apo- (ybd.) auxiliary [esun. -Aoim auxilia- 
ry en^ne; 'HMiediiS auxiliary cruiser; 
'Hmdm auxUiary science], (barv.) subsidi- 
ary; (apulais-) assistant fesim. -oprnttah 
assistant teacber; -toimittaim assistant 
editor]. 
apuaetalvi seeUng* belp (1. aid), apualne 
(sijalsaine) surrogate, substitute, apua- 
tarvftteva needing belp; (kOybft) needy, 
poor; vrt. avoDtarvHslJa. 
apalJovkot auxiliary troops (1. forces), 
aunliaries; reinforcements; relief forces. 
•Maan auxUiary member. -Jiaanyys po- 
sition of (1. capacity as) an auxiliary 
member, -kaaaa relief fund, -kaino ex- 
pedient, sblft; means; (apulftbde) re- 
source; (parannus- 1. korjauskeino) rem- 
edy; mpvMnat (myOs:) facilities. 
apalalnan (jonkun auttaja, avustaja) belp- 
' er. aid; auxiliary; (Jossakln tolmessa) 
assistant, coOperator; (apulaisprofessorl, 
yllopistossa) associate (1. assistant) pro- 
fessor; (papln-) assistant clergsonan, 
(BngL) curate; pomtimmstaHn '^ assistant 
postmaster, postmaster's assistant; thm' 
riffin '- deputy sberiff, sberifrs deputy; 
vrt. myOs: kaMppm-*^, pttSJio'*. 
apulaia- (srbd.) assistant [esim. -Mcfcn- 
MMnmia assistant translator; •^prnttala 
assistant teacber (1. Instructor)], -lil- 
kiri assistant (surgeon); vrt. alUSMkftrL 
-nauvoja assistant Instructor, -toimi posi- 
tion as an assistant; office of an assistant. 
a p ula nnatua artificial manuring, fertilizing. 
-aina fertilizer. 

apullihda resource, -mlaa belper, assist- 
ant: (palkattu) band, -nauvo — apukeliio. 
-4«lia subsidy, allowance; (ylloplstolllnen) 
scbolarsblp, fellowsblp; (elftke) pension. 
-rahaato (bAttikarslvien byvAksl) relief 
fund; (tleteellisik y. m. tarkotuksla var- 
ten) foundation, endowment. 
apori belper, coOperator, assistant, (pal- 
kattu) band. 
apulaana (kiel.) particle, -tolmlttaja (sa- 
nomalebden) associate (1. assistant) editor; 
one of tbe editorial staff, -varbl (klel.) 
auxiliary (verb), -vfivat (nuotelssa) added 
(1. leger) lines, -viki (sot.) auxiliaries; 
reinforcements: (varavtkl) tbe reserves. 
arabialalnan I. (s.) Arab. TI. (a.) Arabian; 

Arabic, arablankian Arabic. 
arakafpalaltunut cbilblalned. 
arakaua sbun, dread, recoil at. sby at; take 
frlrbt at; (bilkftill&) besltate; vrt. aras- 
t«na, arfcalUa. 

-llrvl tbe Aral Sea, tbe Sea of Aral. 
»ikuml gum arable. 
_ _ la nurse, favor [one's (1. Us) foot, Jal- 
kaansa], be careful of; (viltellft) sbun 
fthe ligbt, valoal, sbirk; avoid; recoil at; 
fujostella) be sby (1. timid) [of, Jota- 
kln], feel (1. be) embarrassed [at ..];'«' 



ty9id favor O.S., (vUtelU) sbun (1. dread) 
work; aramtagnatta — arastalematta; /dF- 
Jbo/anl ^ my feet feel (1. are) tender (1. 
sore); hmvonmn '^ kannoMta tbe borse Is 
tender to tbe spur, tbe borse winces at 
tbe toucb of tbe spur; vrt. arastella. 
arastaiamaton, araatalamatta, araatalava, 
arastaiu ks. arkailamaton. arkailamatta, 
arkailaTa, arkailn. arattalla — arastaa; 
araatmlla h^mhin Sbrink (1. recoll) at, 
dread; (arlstella) wince at [flies, kirpA- 
slft]; (vet&yty& Jostakin) draw back 
from; (eslm. bevosesta:) sby at a tb., be 
sby at; vrt. arkaiUa. 
arasti sbyly, timidly; (varovasti) cautiously. 
arastua get tender (1. sore); become sen- 
sitive. 
Ardannit Ardennes, 
araena (kllpakenttft) arena. 
aranti lease, tenure, tenancy; vrt. vuokra; 
minailm on • . armnniUa I bave . . leased (1. 
rented) , I bold . . on lease. -«lka lease, 
arantllalnan 1. arantimlaa tenant; lessee, 
aranti lolkaus rigbt to lease, -aoplmus 
lease, -tlia rented (1. tenant) farm, 
araati custody, confinement; (sot.) guard- 
room, -huona cell, lock-up; (sot.) guard- 
room, 
araatlialnan prisoner, araatlrangalttus pun- 
ishment in a guardroom. 
Argantiina Argentina; ArgmntUnan taaav^ta 
the Argentine Republic, araantllnalalnan 
I. (a.) Argentine, Argentinian. II. (s.) 
Argentinean, 
arlna (tullsljan) grate, fire-grate; (llesl) 
hearth, -klvl hearthstone, -pinta grate - 
surface, -tanko grate-bar. 
arlstaa, arlttalla « arastaa, arastella. 
arlttokraatti aristocrat. arittokraattlnan 
aristocratic (al). arlstokratia aristocracy. 
arittua » arastua; (ujostua) become shy (1. 

timid). 
arKmaettlnan arithmetical [mean, keskl- 
arvo; series, sarja]. aritmatllkka (oppi 
luvuista) arithmetic, 
arjalainen (a. & s.) Aryan, 
arka (herkkft) sensitive [to cold. kylm&I- 
le], (kosketukselle y. m.) tender, sore 
[spot, paikka] ; delicate [conscience, oma- 
tuntoj; (helposti ftrsyttyvft) touchy, irri- 
table; (varova) careful; (pelokas) timid 
[as a bare, kuin Jftnls], tlmorsome, tim- 
orous, faint-hearted; frightened [glance, 
sllmftys]; shrinking [demeanor, kftytOs] ; 
(vauhko) shy; (Johon vol pftAstii kftsiksi) 
assailable; '^ hohta (kuv.) tender spot; 
'^ ktmraaaiaan sensitive Of one's honor, 
sensitive about (1. over) a point of hon- 
or: '^ kyimmttymiamlU susceptible to 
colds; '^ mainmmstottn Jealous of (1. sen- 
sitive about) one's reputation; on '^ kas- 
fom/soflo won't stand getting wet. 
arkailamaton unshrinking; self -asserting, 
bold.' arkailematu (kursailematta) with 
perfect ease, unconcernedly, coolly; (aras- 
telematta) unsbrlnkmgly, boldly; (vltkai- 
lematta) unhesitatingly, without hesita- 
tion, arkaliemattomuus self-assertion, 
boldness, arkallamlnen ks. arkailu. arkai- 
lava(inan) sby; thnid, thnorsome, timor- 
ous; faint-hearted, chicken-hearted; fright- 
ened [glance.slhniys]; shrinking [demean- 
or, kftytOs] ; skittish [horse, hevonen] ; (ujo) 
bashful, diffident; (varova) cautious, 
careful; ihmiMia arkmiUpa Shy of people, 
unsociable, arkailevaltuut shyness; tim- 
orousness; (over) cautiousness; (ujous) 
basbfulness; vrt. arkaUu. arkalliJa timid (1. 
faint-hearted 1. overcautious) fellow; (pel- 
kuri) coward, arkallia be timid, be shy; 
be overcautious (1. very careful); besltate; 



apkallu — 20 — 

be afraid [of dolnr a th., tehdi Jotaktnl. arkkllhtrttua archduke. -herUusUP apcn- 
be frt^btened; ninch; act the coward; or- duchess. -hiippakunU archbishop's dlo- 
kattUn timidly, cautiously; ttrluAlUn v- cese; archbishopric, -luku number of 
taytyU poU lomtakin Shrink (1. flinch) sfe?t»- , ^^ , . ^ . 
from, arkailu shyness; timidity; shrink- arkklntn (yhd.) . . of., sheets, .. con- 
ing (back); hesitation; (ujous) diffidence, slstlng of ..sheets [eslm. rlW- of (1. 
bashhilness; (akkamalsuus) softness, ef- cpp?*?J*'*» of) five sheets], 
femlnacy; turha arkaiin foollsh (1. Silly) •'JS P'L*?* arcbbishop. ^.. . . . ^ 
timidity. arkkitehti architect, -klubl architects' club. 

arkalkattelnen . . with a shy (1. timid) arkkltehtuuri (rakennustaide) architecture, 

look, timid- looking*, -luontolnen delicate arkklYeltut ballads hawked at fairs or on 

r topic, keskustelukysymys^; task, tehtft- the streets. 

vft], tender [subject, kysymys]; (Ihml- arkku (matka-) trunk; (tyOkalu- y. m.) 

sestft:) sensitive, responsive, -luontoitetti chest; (luklttava) locker; (yl.) box, coffer; 

delicately; In a delicate manner; sensl- (ruumls-) coffin, casket; (sUta-) caisson, 

tively. -luontoltuut delicacy, delicate- «pkun|avain key to the chest (1. trunk), 

ness; sensitiveness, responsiveness. trunk key. -kanti lid of the trunk (1. 

•rkamalnen timid, faint- (I. chicken-) chest); chest lid; (ruumlsarkun) coffin 

hearted; (pelkurimalnen) cowardly, ar- Ud. -pohja bottom of the trunk (1. 

kamalMstl timidly; cowardly, arkamal- chest), trunk bottom. 

tuua timidity; faint- heart edness; lack of arkuua tenderness; soreness; sensitiveness, 

courage; cowardice. susceptibility [to cold, kyhnWlel; (pe- 

apkalmleilnen => arkamainen. -^flmilnen lokkuus) shyness; tlmorousness, timidity; 

. .with weak (1. bad 1. tender) eyes; (valon- (pelkuruus) cowardice; (varovaisuus) 

arka) shunning (1. afraid of) light; vrt. cautiousness. 

arkakataelnen. -tuntolnen (arkaluontol- armaaati (hellftstl) tenderly, affectionately, 

nen) delicate [subject, kysymys], tender; lovingly; (lempefistl) mildly, gently; (su- 

(herkkft) sensitive [disposition, luonne: loisesti) sweetly, 

in points of honor, kunniata koskevissa •rma(ha)lnen «= armas. 

^J[?i2"f^5!*?*^'x *"^^®?P^®/ ''«?P£"»*^«- armahdui pardon; reprieve; ylminmn - 

^5l222^'J"^*"®r]^^^']^*^®^**®/V ^^l^J^' (haiutsljan my^Jnlftmft) amnesty, oblivion. 

VJ^^Ji.L*i^T^T^Z^l!l!L 4-.ii^!!?*/2?15A^ -Jullttui proclamation of general pardon, 

2mIS1"*"l^®'/.^'i.^ T®JK-^i*'®"f ^a}?P^' manifesto of amnesty, -oikeua 1. -valU 

sitlon). -tuntoltettf delicately; sensitive- riirht of Dardonnnff/ 

ly; considerately, ^untoltuut delicacy Jlm^rtMi have mercv n nltv) [on a ii 

(of feeling); sensitiveness; susceptibility; "j^tSmil • nllv cS^seri^^^^ (aStaa ar- 

considerateness. consideration. moS OM-don r k nruSJl? vSnkir (^ua 

.5? ^Gk dav.^ iviSS^^^^^ ^^^ Sight Of . . , Joku nftkemistft Jotaklnl. 

avhaa ark^i ?onf ho^TdJJs lJd^^i«k •i'mahtamaton 1. (sftftllmfttOn) merciless, 

davs (on) week davs a^^^^^ ruthless, pitiless, unmerciful; 2. (armoa 

«?kU (vhd\ Ivenrdav re?fm «IaS evftrv- saamaton) ^oX pardoned, armahtamatto- 

div ife- -ibJSS evervdTv ?2^a' «iL '"••^« " •«Wi«n«tt»mM.tL armahtamatto- 

ewvdavsuiWl dJelJ^l \^ """• " •MMlimMttBmyy.. armahtamlnen 

S^SI? iivinJ Pnnm ihrnTl^ *»v^^ pardon(lng). armahUvadnan) merciful; 

^?t' of) nerson co^^nnUce oeT^n^ compassionate, kind, charitable; gracious, 

-nu week-da^ even?n?^2krJH conS^Si •'''nahuvalaaati merclfuUv; compasslon- 

ianJuSI- ever^dSv oarTance faSSilar **«^y' ^Ith compassion (1. pity 1. com- 

laSISJfl' arkfumuLa ^olioSJlallv mlseration). apmahuvaituua compasslon- 

aJMn'J'n^lve?;*!^? VommnnTo^^^ ifeVTfuUiss"^'™*'"'"'*^"' ^"^*' '"'''^* 

workaday: (Jokapaivftinen) daily. .I!!!!! t f. C ^-.^ ».«i^««^ /houb ... 

arklRolot everyday conditions (1. affairs), •rrjK«I\ iv?««.**\Vf'«.tf«'2I?f sJn^Ji^^ 

daily Circumstances; arkioioisMa In every- ^il^f^f) ]?2l?^' it"®,^,!^^^^^^ 

day life: arkioloiMma kSytmttavSkBi for 2L"®"iin^S?' R!5JS?P*^??/2?i?'®c;.apf^r«' 

everyday use (1. wear), -piivi week day; ?^^J^^?J?A^Hl°oX.?'^£' i?P^^ 

workday, -pilviinen everyday, commoh "• <*;>^?!^®«iS?;?' ^tJ^Y®?; ^^STi^'H^L^ 

irevii^^dr?Js",lfo'n'^"^^^^ r^trL"aSSi;ir.l?m2iuW^^^ 

T7» diiijl% 'i:Arf7rS'''^nl ^y"^m. ^?or'*(hL5[lSY.l)%ly ^J2u?tTt!i 

everVX^l comiA'onXce^ : 1. <^^irt armaaUlu love-iKaklng; court- 

arkltln on week days, of a week day. »"«?. courtship, armaua sweetness, gra 

arklato public records, archives, -kappala J'ousness; lovableness; tenderness, af- 

copy reserved for the public records. reclion(ateness). 

arklttonholtaja record -keeper, keeper of Armeenia Armenia, armaanialainan (a. & s.) 

(the) records (1. archives); (Yhdysv., Armenian. 

county*n) register of deeds, arkittotut- •pm#l(J)a army, -kunu 1. -oaaato army- 

klmua study of original documents, re- corps. 

search in archives; arki9totutkimuk9mt armellaaati mercifully; kindly, charitably. 

research work in archives. armellaltuua mercy, mercifulness; klnd- 

arkltolmet everyday employments; dally ness, compassion, charity; arm^limnm- 

occupatlons (1. work). detta ioiaknta kohtaan In pity (1. out of 

arkituin by sheets, by the sheet; by the compassion) for one. -laltoa charitable 

signature. Institution. -ty« act of mercy (1. char- 

arkintupa (1. v.) living-room, -vaatteet i^y) ; charity work [among the poor, 

everyday clothes: arkipaaHmUBaan In his kOyhien keskuudessa] . 

(1. their) everyday clothes. armellaa merciful; kind (-hearted), charl- 

arkkl 1. (papcri-) sheet (of paper); sig- table; (armollinen) gracious. 

nature; 2. (raam.) ark. armiaa gracious; merciful. 



— 27 — apvau 

/ -^??^®^ (laupeus) clemency, mercy; vMniklnpltolnen containing arsenic, ar- 
(armahdus) pardon, (sot.) quarter; «r- senlcal. 

MM mercy! have mercy (up)on me! or- vtenlkki (kem.) arsenic. 

MCM graciously; armosta out of mercy. apMnlkkl- (yhd.) arsenlous [eslm. -oksidi 
rraciously; mrtnoita (fa tamittS) without arsenlous oxide], -myrkytyt arsenic pol- 
5?f.^^'w™®r^"®S^^» pitilessly, ruthlessly; sonlng. -miiri amount (1. percentage) 
with the utmost rlgror of the law; «< «r- of arsenic. 

j^ (sot.) no quarter! hphtm armosta artlkkeli (klel.) article (myOs «= sanoma- 
by the grace (I. favor) of; oUa hnkan lehtlkirjotus). 

^rmwiO m^ at a p. »s mercy; of/a hnkun artlaokka (kasv.) artichoke. 

■' — ^"" }>« (*»i»h) in the good graces of arvaaja guesser; hyva - a good guesser. 

one. be In favor with one; TmidOn «•- arvaamcton Incalculable [damage, vahln- 
mtonmm Your Grace! ko] ; - (arvostelematon) inestimable, In- 

arms- (ybd.) .. of grace [eslm. -imttdn valuable; (kftslttftmatOn) inconceivable, 
throne of grace; ^upmtt promise of incomprehensible; (aavlstamaton. odotta- 
grace]. -lahJa 1. charity, gratuity, boun- maton) unexpected, unlooked-for; artfoa- 
ty; 2. (uak.) gift of grace, -lalpi bread mattownan hyvin unexpectedly well, bet- 
of charity; ks.. wyMH (armolelpU). ter than could be expected (1. thought 

armollinen gracious, merciful; full of of); arvaamattomai mdnt Invaluable (1. 
grace (and compassion). armolllMstl priceless 1. incalculable) benefits (1. ad- 
graclously. mercifully; out of mercy; vantages), arvaamatta (odottamatta) un- 
(alentuvalsestl) condescendingly, armol- expectedly; unawares; vrt. iUddarvaamatta. 

liefmniasti most graciously. arvaaminen guessing, conjecturing jne.. 
annoflilalka days (1. time) of grace; grace, vrt. arvata; Uian pimnmhmi ^ underrating, 
-anomut petition for pardon, -anto par- underestimation; Uian aomrmkmi '^ over- 
don: (ylelnen) amnesty, -ototua mark rating, overestlmation. 

(I. token) of favor (1. grace), -pyytiji arvallemlnen i= arvailu. 

petitioner for pardon, -aaanut pardoned, arvallla guess, be guessing; (tuumallla) 
-villkappaleet (usk.) means of grace, ponder [over a th.. Jotakin]. muse [on 
armolpAta <- armolahja. 1. -pdyti (usk) -O' think .. over; (aavlstamalla) sur- 
Hoiy (1. Conmiumon) table, -rikat (Ju- mise; arvailmwnaUa by guessing, by way 
malasta:) plenteous In mercy. ^^ conjecture; -» Minnm tUnnm make wild 

•rmoton unmerciful, merciless, pitiless, 8ruesses, guess (wildly) here and there, 
uncompassionate; (sMllmltOn)' ruthliss SL^fi^.tnH ^S**" «?il«^w^^^ ^^^^uuh 

unsparing; unkind [fate, kohtalol; un- conjecturing; guesswork: •• on pelkkaa 

rhantable: vrt. Julmal armottomasti mer- ^*rvailua it is mere guesswork, 

dlessly. pitilesslT^thSS5[y.^Sn?rcI. •!If"l»'*l^*?...<^*«""Fv ^♦^^^ ^""H' .'"'^P'' 

fully; without mercy; unsparingly, ar- ??"?r,.^M?,^«7 Ai??^^ilt -"**•** drawfng 

mottomuua mercllessness. nithlessness; .?J.i^*?' 25?*?f J,?IL ^?Skf.«>oii«x .^^ 

unklndnesfl. arvata (make a) guess, (olettamalla) con- 

armoviMMi '(Danlnlesken) vnar of trrttot* Jecture; (ennakolta) anticipate, foresee; 

reives his full pay) ^^^' know, be aware of; (kasittaA) see, 

•TO (Venajin tal Aaslan) steppe; (PohJ.- ^SES®*/®',. ^^H!iUi«\^.?"P^?f' ^IftJ^^V 

\mer ruohotasanko^ nntiHA .lAiAimiatJi (arvostella. arvlolda) rate, estimate: 

SS^pe a prainSf^^au^L**'!5;el,a^^^ J"5fe [of. Jostakin]: (pftftsta selyllle) 

grass, ^umala (kasv.) self-heal, allheal. ?iS? W-?n*' i!2*^V* ® J?»® i?..-«' il»^ 

-kaiMi (Aaslan Ja Eur.) sand-grouse; i5?J> ^^^^'' »rvaa itmm you guess your- 

(Amer.) pralrte chicken (1. grouse), self; atvoa om« Hlo./ consider (1. judge 

-kaavlato steppe (1. prairie) flora^^-aui 2^L J^^i^lLSY", »'i"*l'^"'„i^"^^^^ "^««»> 



(Amer.) coyote, prairie wolf. ^f?<>w thyself, look into yourself: 

- L«*L <J!^7J_ Ahance;__^^o„ iang.nnut if-) ^^'f 1 *-?-J:llf «^*.^»i^^^^^^^^ "?; 



MUmHo the lot has fallen on him; '-on tan- ^^^^^ guess: aryaanudia by Jruessing, by 
rK'^'"^^ the die IS cait;.ar.X W of conjecture^ump^^^^^ 



ibo^a by lot. by drawing '(1. cast- ^"®^*' *t random; arvaamaita ks. hakus.: 

ing) (of) lots, -astfa dish (1. box) con- «»;?«»»«. «"« wr»» p'«« ^"'••^^ ^«»» ^^ 

talning lots will soon come, (arvelen, olaksun) I pre- 

•ppajaiaat lottery sume (1. suppose 1. think) (that) he will 

ariMjaialllppu lottery ticket, -lupa permit (I. ?;?!J}®.u*,^"v,*'rSSff?*n/'?!fi ll!lf,^*"® ,JS^^ 

license) to hold a lottery, -tofmlkunu lot l^yj ^Jjlnk (I. Judge) of my JoyJ ;- Jon- 

lery committee, -voltto (lottery) prize. >*"" orffcomo* be aware of (1. know 1. 

arpalkapula (hist.) fiery cross/gatherlng- fh^^^g^^T'liVanl^^^^^^^ 

^w:5??i??'Ve??e?' VV""2?.^1S!^?m: <Ski^^^^nJi%^u!s^T^^^ 

iSoSSi (nwpa) X (dT dl?^ ^iu ^"^ I" '"*"^' I c«"l<* »ee through his 
?£T SH^iS gl;"li.t^ern"^l;^ i"^^V^.12 Tu^eSI 1/. 
•SSSrlP "^ (1. over) ; 2?^r U^eT imTlci^-a'!^^^^^^^^^^ -fTkfn 
a^scar, fj^»«t) ,ctcatr|lx (I -Ice); (ro- odotiaa (be able to) expect (1. antici- 
!S^?: /Sil^«^^i*V2nL^ ^ili«. ^"fJ!?^"^ pate) fhuom. eslm. en ai^annof orfoffoa^ 
J2SS5 Ei£?nJi.in55^A*liJ?^- arplnen ^tta niin Mvi»i I did (1. could) not ex- 
scarred; (rokonarplnen) pitted. pect (1. anticipate) that such a thing 



cast (1. draw) lots; ^ (poim) lokin would happen, that came to me wholly 

r dispose of a th. by lottery, raffle unexpected] ; -- oiJbcoan guess right- 

an article (off); - obUgatMonmJa draw fhuom. eslm. hSn arvasi oik^aan heH tn»i 

bonds by allottnent. arpominan drawing; kemdta he guessed right the first time, 

(arvanpano) drawing of lots; (arvalla he guessed at once how it was, he hit it 

jakamlnen) allotment. at once]: ~ tmhda htakin (uskaltaa) dare 

arpuusi ( -hedelmft) watermelon. to do a th. [eslm. «n arvannut mmnna minnm 



•TYaUnkln 



— 28 — 



«rvlol4« 



I did Dot dare to gro there] ; turpmttmom ks. 
bakus.; mn voinui '^ nUmgta Mitmh9i I 
could not tblnk of your beingr tbe man, I 
could not believe that you were the man; 
Mn «l mwamnt manoa (OSannut, tlennSTt) 
he was unahle to say, he could not tell, 
(rohjennut) he did not dare to say (1. 
tell); foptin voit '^ you may ^ess the 
rest <1. what followed); mmn minS §0 
arvamin that's just What I thoug-ht (L 
gruessed), I foresaw, (1. anticipated 1. 
gruessed) that, (sitft odotlnkin) I ex- 
pected (1. was prepared) to hear that; 
MinH 9t voi ^, knka iUnnm twdtm you can't 
think (of) (1. gruess) who is coming here; 
Bits mi aim vaikma -^ that's not hard to 
guess, that may be easily guessed, that's 
an easy gruess. Hta «n vdnut '^ I was 
unable to (1. I could not) think of that 
(1. make that out 1. guess that), I was 
not in a position to know that, (odottaa) I 
could not expect (1. anticipate) that; 
Mfoitko ''^, mi99B vika on can you make 
out (1. guess 1. see) where the trouble lies? 

arvatenkin (alkup.) it is to be supposed; 
(otaksuttavasti, luultavasti) presumably, 
probably; (todennftkOisesti) very (1. 
most) likely, as likely as not. arvatuva 
to be guessed (1. supposed 1. anticipat- 
ed); (luultava) probable, likely; H of« 
mrvattaclBaa cannot be guessed.. (arvioi- 
tavissa) cannot be estimated, is beyond 
estimation (1. compute) ; niinknin arvat- 
tava (\. arvattavUaa) oUkin as could (1. 
as was to) be expected (1. foreseen 1. 
anticipated), as could be guessed; on or- 
vattavaa, ofefi..(Iuultavaa) it is likely that 
. .; mmhUn oii arvattaviama that's JUSt what 
you might have expected (I. anticipated), 
that was what one could expect (1. antic- 
ipate 1. foresee). arvatUvatti « arvatenklB. 

arvaut (arvioimlnen) valuation; appraise- 
ment ; vrt. arvaamliioB. 

arvelematta without consideration, heed- 
lessly, rashly; (vitkallematta) without 
hesitation, unhesitatingly; «cn mnmmpaa ^ 
(myfts:) without more ado: Uen amn vU- 
MUkSSn '-' I'll do it without the Slightest 
hesitation (1. without any hesitation 
whatever) . 

arveleminen thinking jne., vrt. arvella; ks. 
my(is: arvolu. arvelevainen deliberate; 
cautious, wary; vrt. luulevalnon. arvele- 
valseati deliberately, cautiously, warily; 
distrustfully, arvelevalsuut cautiousness, 
dellberateness: suspiciousness, dlstrust- 
( fulness), arveievatti « arvolovalsesti. 

arvella (aJatella) think; (tuumia) ponder 
rover ..], muse [on ..]; (luulla) be- 
lieve, suppose; presume, surmise; hold, 
deem, be of (the) opinion [that . . , ettft 
. .] ; (katsoa) consider, deem [It best, 
parhaaksil: (huomata) find, see: (alkoa) 
intend, plan, contemplate: (mlettlft em- 
plen) hesitate, scruple [about ..]; arv- 
itmatta ks. hakus.; '*' jotakln aaiasta 
think something about the matter, have 
an opinion of the matter; « a»iata think 
It (1. the matter) over, be thinking of (1. 
about) the matter, ponder over the mat- 
ter; ^ Jotakttta ioksiktdk»i toiaekai think 
a p. (to be) another, take a p. for an- 
other, believ^ one to be another, (ereh- 
dyksessll) mistake one for another 
[huom. eslm. kentkai minua arvetmt who 
do you think I am? whom do you take 
me for?]; '^ WhuB poi» intend (1. have 
in one's mind I. have It in mind) to 
go away, plan to leave, contemplate leav- 
ing; ~ parhaahai [ostaa talo] consider it 
wisest (1. think it best) [to buy a 



house]; '^ vdpanam nuUkgam believe (1. 
consider 1. think) o.s. able to pay, think 
that one will be able to pay; ollta Jhilaa 
oroolfoMa time goes on while one hesi- 
tates (1. while the thinking la done); 
hSn €nrvmii Aouon onnoAJhtn lupaai he re- 
flected long (1. he hesitated a long time) 
before he promised: mitii oroofoffo tao- 
tata What do you think (1. what is your 
opinion) of the picture? how does the 
picture appeal to you? varofmn my9ntMmi' 
nmn tapahtwd hyvtn aroailam the funds 
were granted with a great deal of hesita- 
tion, there were some scruples about al- 
lowing the funds; vShSn aaUm mrvaltwman 
after some thought (1. reflection) (about 
the matter), having given the matter 
some thought, after some hesitation. 

arvelo, arvelu (ajatus) thought, opinion; 
(luulo) supposition, presumption, sur- 
mise, belief; (arvailu) conjecture; (mlet- 
timinen) reflection; (arveluttavuus) ap- 
prehension, scruple; (empimlnen) hesi- 
tating, hesitation; «« on paUMUl mrvmiaa 
it is mere supposition, (arvailua) It is 
mere conjecture (1. guesswork): tSaaM ai 
^ mta hesitating Is of no avail (here). 
arvelunaiainen — arvohittava. 

arveiuttaa (panna arvelemaan) Inspire (1. 
fill) with U)prehensions; aalm '^ ndmrn 
the matter fills (1. inspires) me with ap- 
prehension (s), I am rather wary about 
the matter (1. affair), (huolestuttaa) the 
affair disconcerts me (1. makes me un- 
easy), the matter troubles (1. worries) 
me. I am troubled (I. worried) about the 
matter; Hyvin mimm oroofntH, annmnktm 
lUhdin I hesitated a good deal before I 
left (I. set out), I was quite reluctant to 
leave. I considered (1. thought it over) 
carefully before IJeft (1. started), I was 
quite apprehensive about departing; Mn- 
tU oroolaftl lahhn poataanoHaminmn (\. 
tahfaa vaattumottaaaaaan) he was reluctant 
to accept the present, he had misgivings 
about accepting the present, arveluttava 
(vaaralllnen) precarious [condition, tlla], 
dangerous, risky, hazardous, unsafe; (va- 
kava) grave, serious [matter, asia]; (val- 
kea) critical [situation, asema]; (epftl- 
lytlftvft) doubtful [enterprise, yrltys], 
suspicious; aaia nSyttttS €nrvaluttavalta 
the matter looks bad (1. serious), arve- 
lutuvattl precariously, seriously, criti- 
cally [111. salraana]; dangerously [tilt- 
ing, kallellaan]: doubtfully, arvelutta- 
vuus precariousness; danger, risk, hazard: 
(vakavuus) seriousness, graveness, grav- 
ity; doubtfulness: aaitm aroaluttavwnta the 
gravity (1. seriousness) of the matter. 

arvettua scar; cicatrize; vrt. arpeutua. 
arvetuttaa cause the formation of a scar, 
cause . . to scar; make scars. 

arvlo valuation, appraisement, rating; es- 
timation, computation: estimate, value: 
(verotusta varten tolmltettu) assessment: 
arviolia by a rough estimate, (suunnll- 
leen) approximately, roughly speaking, 
In round numbers, (umplmfthkSftn) at 
random: artfioni mtJHum according to my 
estimate (1. estimation), as I estimate It. 
-hinta valuation price, estimated value. 

arvlolda value [at a high price, kalliiksil: 
estimate (the value of), appraise, rate 
[at, Jokslkin]; ^ <dhaiamhai value at a 
low price, value cheap, (kuv.) make 
little of, put (1. set) a low value upon. 
(Ulan) underrate, underestimate, under- 
value: '*' }okin hkaikin value (1. rate) a 
th. at ..: - kalWkai (myfls:) rate (1. es- 
timate) . . at a high price, set a high 



— 2« — 



value (L put a lilgb price) on .,; '^ lUmn 
^mm»k9i UDderesUmate, underrate; '^ iUan 
rnmnrmkai overestimate* overrate, tmnktoo 
mudi (1. too lilglily) of . .; '^ tmahdoUi" 
—kai consider . . (L Judge . . to be) 
witliln tne l)oundB (L scope) of possibili- 
ty, (katsoa) consider . . possible (1. prob- 
able); '^ Mrotaste vmrtmn assess, arvloi- 
ma estimate; (olettamus) supposition, 
presumption, assumption; (tiet.) bypo- 
tbeals. anrloimiiMn valuation, appraise- 
ment; estimation; Judgment; /onJitii man 
•mmrmkai mrvMrnrinmn overrating Of, over- 
estmiatlon (1. overvaluation) of. 

•rvtoimialkueiannua cost of appraisement. 
-toiNBltua appraisement. 

•nrleiiiu valuation, appraisement. 

•nriokauppa: m r v i o k u up m ttm (\. urvMimup' 
pmmi (umplmAbkA&n) at random, (at) 
haphaiard; at a venture; (arvaamaila) by 
way of conjecture. 

•rviollaakelHMi estimate; calculation, com- 
puution. -laaku (approximate) calcula- 
tion, (rougb) estimate, -mlee appraiser; 
(verotusta varten) assessor. 

•rvionmukainen approximate, rougb. ar- 
vioeunuDa estimate; estimated sum. 

arvo value; wortb (etenk. kuv.); account; 
(merkitsrs) importance, consequence; 
(kunnia) bonor; credit; (arvokkuus) 
dignity; wortbiness; (maine) prestige, 
(bigb) reputauon; (virka-) rank, UUe; 
(opln-) degree; (arvonanto) respect, es- 
teem, regard; [buom. esim. krmipin '^ 
title (L rank) of count; tmaUfrin '^ de- 
gree or Master of Arts; pOxpotk '^ rank 
of (a) bisbop, episcopal dignity; pro#M- 
Mrte ^ title of professor; ritmri^ 
(myOs:) knigbtboodl; mrvoa aimnimm 
depreciating. (bApiisiBv&) derogatory, 
(noyryyttlvi) bunullating. debasing, de- 
grading [buom. jnyOS: kafon ««n «r- 
' ' I consider it beneatb 



my dlgmty (l. beneatb me)]; [Jonkun] 
aramm lommhamom kS. ai-voaWukkaava; «r- 



I (kultenkln) tbougb, anybow, for all 
tbat, all tbe same; mrvoltmmn in value, (ar- 
violtu Jokslkln) valued at . . , (virka-arvol- 
taan) in rank, ks. olia (arvoltaan) ; mrvt' 
immn mumrmmpi Of greater wortb (1. val- 
ue), bigber in value, of greater impor- 
tance (L consequence); mrvon vmU dear 
(Sir and) brotner! mrvon yat&oU dear 
friend! mrvoamm pidmtty, pidmttapS kS. 
mrw—mm\pAdmttjt -pldett&vl; maUUm onson- 
W ^ tbe matter is of great importance 



(1. consequence 1. moment) 
knnrmaiim ^ (myOs:) be ranks wltb a 
general; hMnan mrvonaa muhainmn wortby 
of bim, befitting (1. becoming) blm, 
(bineUe tuleva) due (to) blm; mikM ^ 
mttrnkaOM on wbat title does tbe man bold 
(1. possess)? wbat is tbis man's rank? 
Wltb wbom does tbe man rank? «• mi mlm 
mrmmmi mmnhmimim (U mrpmiimni mopivmm) it 
is not befitting my rank (1. me), it is 
below (L beneatb) my dignity, it is be- 
neatb me, it is unwortby of (L not be- 
coming to) me. 

arvo- (ybd.) . . of value [esim. ^mminm ar- 
ticle of value; 'hirim letter of value; -jrfc- 
mikkM unit or value]. 

a r we al o u kkaava (solvaava) derogatory; li- 
bel (l)ous, insulting, (bipiisevi) degrad- 
ing, debasing, bumillatlng. 

arvolaaeoM rank; station, -atta degree; 
rank, grade; km h o im mrvommtmimma rise in 
rank, rise to a bigber rank, -atieikko 
scale of ranks, ero tua difference in rank 
(L in value), -eeine: mrvmmminmmt valu- 
tfilea. -fiankiW dignitary; imnkm pmUUm- 



ktmnmn mrvohmnkUSt tbe dignitaries (1. no- 
tables) of a place (1. a locality). 

arvoinen wortb, of .. value, (Jonkln '^) 
valued at ..; (ansaitseva) wortby, de- 
serving; mmlm mi aim mmn ^ tbe matter 
does not deserve (1. merit) it, tbe matter 
is not wortb tbat; hm ovmt ioimtmnam «r- 
voimmt (ansainneet toisensa) one is wortby 
of tbe otber, tbey are wortby of each 
otber, (tasa-arvolset) tbey are equal; 
Mn mi mim mmn tytiin ^ be is not WOrtby 
(1. deserving) of tbat girl; hOn mn mi- 
nitmta maantMi arvoimmnma vaahuim$mn be 
bas found a wortby opponent (1. antago- 
nist) in you, be bas met bis matcb m 
you; jbffiMfi '«' of . . value, of . . impor- 
tance (1. consequence), wortb . . [esim. 
doUmrin ^ WOrtb a dollar; hiitmkmmn ^ 
wortb tbanklng, wortb one's tbanks; nH' 
kmmimmn ^ wortb seeing; v^OkmnunSn ^ 
of lesser value, of lesser importance]; 
mink& ^ on tdnUi raka Wbat is tbe value 
of tbls coin? wbat is tbis coin wortb? 
piddn mimmta parmnunan polkan mrvoimmna 
1 consider (1. tbink) tbe man wortb (1. 
deserving of) a better salary, m my opin- 
ion tbe fellow deserves a bigber salary; 
mm mi mlm minkiUin ^ it bas no value, it is not 
wortb anytblng, (on merkltystA vallla) it 
bas no significance, it is of no ln4>ortance 
(1. moment) ; tyS on tmkmmimmn '^ (kannat- 
taa) it pays to perform tbe work, tbe 
work is wortb tbe trouble. 

arvoinen (ybd.) . . of . . value (1. wortb) 
[esim. munrmmpi^ Of greater (1. bigber) 
value (1. wortb) ; muwri^ Of great (1. bigb) 
value (1. wortb) ; ptOiB^ of little value (1. 
worth): yhdmn'^ of equal value (1. 
wortb)]: .. in rank [esim. korkma*^ bigb 
in rank]; vrt. myOs: kallis^* muiuui^, 
tasa'*', yhden'*' y. m. 

arvoisa honored; esteemed; wortby; dear; 
(A)'* hmrra (kirjeissA:) Dear Sir; ^ kir- 
Immnnm t. k, 16 p:ttu your favor Of tbe 
15tb mst.; ^ lukija dear (1. esteemed) 
reader! '^ ymtSvH dear friend! arvoituus 
wortbiness; Tmiddn arvoimnutmnnm Your 
Reverence ! (esim. tuomarlsta: ) Your Honor ! 

arvolJArjeatys order of precedence. 

arvokat wortby; dignified [demeanor, kiy-' 
tds]; (kunnloltettu) esteemed, valued, 
respected; (kalllsarvolnen) valuable [pres- 
ent, labjaj, .. of (bigb) value; ^ kirja a 
book of value, a valuable book; '^ maa- 
maan wortby of getting: arvokkaan ioA- 
UMinmn solemn (and dignified); orvokMoan 
niUtSinmn dignified appearing, venerable 
[old man, vanbus]; arvokkaan vakava 
grave .and dignified: mrittMn (L «Wfi- 
omaimmn) ^ (myOs:) priceless, arvok- 
kaaeti In a dignified (1. befltUng) man- 
ner; wltb dignity; worthily, arvokkaisuut 
dignity; worthiness; vrt. seur. arvokkuus 
valuableness; (arvo) worth; value; (kunnia) 
prestige, esteem; (arvokkalsuus) dignity. 

arvollaute — arvoMna. -ilsAys increase of 
value. 

arvoilinen — arvokas. 

arvolluetuio (souvften) army list; vrt. 
arvoJKrJestys. -luokka grade; Class; (oi- 
mmn arvoluokan rimtmUilH a second- rate (1. 
-Class) cruiser. -lAhetys registered parcel 
(1. package 1. letter), -merkkl badge (of 
bonor) ; emblem; arvommrkit insignia of 
rank, (ritarlmerkit y. m.) decorations; 
opifi arvommrkit insignia Of learning. 
-mitta standard of value. -mlAri value. 

arvonlaleneminen decrease of (1. In) value, 
-alennus depreciation; vrt. edell. -anto 
respect, esteem, regard. 



•rYonlml 



— 30 — 



«rvo|nimi honorary title; (virka-) title. 
-nimittd tne titles. 

arvonimerkki — arvoin«rkkL -mukalnen 
( joUeklQ tuleva) due, becoming [to . .] ; 
benttlnsr; (arvokas) dignified. 

arYonta casting (of) lots, drawing (of lots) ; 
raffle; mmidmn ^ drawing (1. allotment) of 
lands; obligataionimn ^ allotment Of bonds. 

arYon|ylennya 1. -kopotut promotion, ad- 
vancement, preferment. 

aPYolpaperi valuable paper (1. document) ; 
arvopapmrit (bonds and) Securities, -riita 
dispute about (tbe order of) precedence. 
-•ana (koulutodistuksessa:) mark, grade; 
arvoaanai Standing (s), (palvelijalle y. m. 
annettu todistus) recommendation, testi- 
monial, character; hUn 9aoritti tutUnionMa 
hyviiiu arvo9anoiUa (arvolauseilla) be 
passed bis examination wltb credit (1. 
distinction) ; oppilaa pUtM Imokaitoan •rin- 
omaisiUa arvosanoiUa (arvolauseilla) tbe 
pupil was promoted witb excellent stand- 
ing; minkU mrvoatman wait mngianninkim' 
ImaaS what mark did you get in English? 
-eija place of rank; (kunniaslja) position 
of honor, place of distinction. 

arvoaaaUpidetty respected [citizen, kansa- 
lainen], looked up to, esteemed; held in 
(high) esteem, thought highly (l. a great 
deal) of; valued [friend, ystavftj; amos- 
aapidetty mi— a highly respected person, 
a man of high standing, -pidettivi worthy 
of respect; estimable, -pito: hnkin or- 
vomaapito respect (1. esteem 1. regard) of. 

arvoateieminen criticizing; criticism; Judg- 
ment; estimation, arvosteleva criticizing; 
critical; arvoatmUva hataaaa (critical) re- 
view, criticism, arvoatelija critic; review- 
er; (palkintotuomari) judge. 

arvoaUila criticlize (1. -ise); Judge [oth- 
ers by oneself, muita itsensa mukaan]; 
(arvioida) estimate [at, JoksilOn}, rate, 
value; (arvosanoilla, esim. koulutodis- 
tuksessa) grade; arvoataUmatta without 
due consideration (1. deliberation); «* 
Uian alhaiamhai (I. pianakai) Value . . tOO 
low, undervalue, underrate, underestimate; 
^ Uian auurakmi overrate, overestimate; ^ 
vMrin misjudge, put a wrong estimate 
upon; amiaa ankaraati arvoataitaaaaa look- 
ing at the matter from a critical stand- 
point, giving the matter a strict criticism. 

arvottelu criticism; (arvostelukyky) Judg- 
ment, discernment, discrimination; (har- 
kinta) consideration; (arvio) estimation; 
aammoinmn oloian ^ such (a) criticism Of 
conditions, such a view of things, -ha- 
luinen quick (1. prone 1. eager) to criti- 
cize, -kykv (good) Judgment; discern- 
ment, discrimination; arvoatainhywyn ptm- 
f lack of (good) Judgment, lack of dis- 
cretion, want of discrimination; arvoatalu' 
kyvyn pomtatta oaoHatHi indiscreet, inju- 
dicious, -kykyinen capable of discrimina- 
tion (1. discernment) ; arvoataiakykyinan 
miaa a man of sane Judgment, -kyvyttd- 
myya lack of Judgment (1. discrimination 
1. discretion). -p«ruste basis of estima- 
tion (1. valuation); standard of Judgment 
(1. of criticism). 

arvoton valueless, . . of no value, worth- 
less; (merkityksetOn) insignificant, un- 
important; (moraallsesti) unworthy; ^ 
tavaraniiyta sample Of no value. aPYOt- 
tomuua worthlessness; (utter) lack of 
value: insignificance; imworthlness. 

apvotuktellinan puzzling, mysterious, enig- 
matical; oracular. aPYotuktellituua puz- 
zling nature; mysterlousness. arvotuk- 
tantapainan 1. riddle-like; 8. — arvotnk- 
aelUaen. arvoUia riddle; puzzle, enigma; 



(kasltt&mfttOn) mystery; [puhua] 
tnkain [speak J in riddles; •• HUipin 
arvotnhaakmi that remains (1. will remain) 
a mystery (1. a puzzle) to me. 

atbeati (mm.) asbestos. 

ase weapon; (kiv&&ri) musket; (tyOase) 
tool, implement; '^ Mtdaaad weapon (1. 
sword) in hand, (asestetuin Joukoin) 
with armed forces, (asestettuna) armed; 
aaaaita vartiatattu{na) armed; aaaai arms; 
aaaihin to arms! tahdaton '^ tool, cat's 
paw. dupe. 

aseallinen armed [rebellion, kapina; peace, 
rauha]. ateenkaptaja armor-bearer; (kuv.) 
supporter, partisan, follower, adherent, 
aaeettaa — aMttaa. aaaaton unarmed; 
weaponless; aaaattoauAai riiaaitn disarmed. 

aselharjotua practice (1. traimng) in the 
use of arms, -huona (church) porch; 
(arsenaall) arsenal, armory. 

aaeidanilkataalmua muster, review, -kiyttd 
use of arms, -riiaunta disarmament, -tuonti 
(maahan) import of arms. 

aaainen (yhd.) . . with . . weapons, . .-ly 
armed [esim. monl'* with many weapons; 
raakaa^ heavily armed, (myOs:) with 
heavy armament]. 

aaaisto collection of arms. 

aaalkataelmut muster, review, -kbkoalma 
collection of arms, -kumppani compamon 
m arms, -kuntoinan . . fit for military 
service, capable of bearing arms, -laji 
arm; branch (of the service), -lapo sus- 
pension of hostilities; armistice; vrt. am- 
rauha. -I6ytd find of (ancient) arms. 

aaema position; (paikka) place; (sija) 
stead; (tilanne) situation; (tila) state, 
condition; (yhteiskunnamnen y. m.) sta- 
tus, standing; (kanta) stand; (toimi) 
Eost, station; (perus-, toiminnan y. m.) 
ase; (asemapaikka) site, location; (rau- 
tatie-) station, (Amer.) depot; aaamUUmn 
in its proper place; right; at their posts; 
an oia aiinU aaamaaam, attB .. (myos:) I 
am not so placed (1. situated) that . .; 
ionkin aaamaata ks. (Jonkin) stjaaa; Aaa- 
pnngin ^ (asemapaikka) site (1. location) 
of the city, (Jossa kaupunki on) position 
of the city; koimion '^ base of a triangle; 
korkaaaaa yktaiakunnaUiaaaaa aaamaaaa 
olava . . Of a high social standing (1. po- 
sition) ; vaikaaaaa aaamaaaa in bad Straits, 
in a difficult situation, in a tight place, 
in a plight (1. pinch 1. predicament). 

aaamalalua station (1. depot) grounds. 
-henkil6kunta station employees (1. force) . 
-huona (railroad) station, depot: (odotus- 
huone) waiting-room, -kaava plan; (Yh- 
dysv.) plat; (Jonkin) kaupnmMin aaama- 
kaava plan of a town site, plat of a town, 
-kartano station ( -house) ; (asemapiha) 
station (1. depot) grounds, -kartta « 
aaamakaava. -kirjurl clerk at a depot, 
station agent's assistant, -paikka site, 
location; (asuntopalkka) place of resi- 
dence, abode, -plirroa (ground-) plan; 
plat. -piAlilkkA station-master; (Yhdysv.) 
depot agent, -rakannua railroad station, 
station (-house), -ailta (depot) platform. 
^taio = asemahuona. -viil distance be- 
tween two stations; kakai [koima] aaama- 
vma (1. V.) to the second [tmrd] stop. 

aaemetta: lonkin ^ Instead of . . , in place 
(1. lieu) of . . , vrt. sijaan. 

aaamosana (Kiel.) pronoun. 

aaento position, posture, attitude, pose; 
aaantoon (volm.) position! (sot.) attention! 
rtikouaaaannoaaa In an attitude Of prayer. 

aaeOpaJa workshop for manufacturing and 
repairing small arms, -palvalija 1. -polka 
(e) squire, -puku armor, -rauha (general) 



— 81 — 



aMtukt«ninukal«««tl 



armorer; (pysayseppA) gun- induct Into [one's! office; tdon '^ 



truce. 
smittL 

■ent— arm. MMtamliMn armament. 
ietui armed, aaeetua arm o.s. aMtiua 
armament. 

•Ml tall ki tunic ^ehdat factory for tlie 
manufacture of fire-arms. 

a a t e l ia put [ttiings in order, esineita J&r- 
jestykseen] ; set . .r (rigbt) ; (sovitella) ad- 
just, reguiate; fit, adapt; (J&rjesteil&) 
arrange: vrt. aMttaa. aaetelma arrange- 
ment; disposition. 

aeetln stand; rack. 

asetOYeri — aackomppanL 

Mttaa place [tne cbair against the wall, 
tuoU seiniia vasten; tbe gun in position, 
kanuuna paikoilleen]; (panna) put [tne 
t>ook on the siieif, kirja UyilyUe; a tti. m 
its place, Jokin paikoiiieen] ; set, iay [in 
a position, Jolionkin asentoon]; locate, 
station; (saada asettumaan) quiet; quell 
[a riot. meteU], appease; still; (tyynnyt- 
tU) pacify, settle [a quarrel, rlita]; (eli- 
kAista) stop, arrest; stauncH [tbe (flow 
of) blood, verenvuoto]; suppress, keep 
down (L under) ; check; '^ aakhoaiUri**- 
tyk»mmm imUtuiHrlmwtykmmmn] put (1. ar- 
range) in alpliabetical [cbronological] or- 
der, arrange alphabetically [^clironologic- 
aliy]; ^ ooUoe calm (1. quiet) tbe waves, 
stUl tbe sea; ^ [kello 5 minuuttia] ndMm 
set [tbe watcb 5 minutes] ahead (of 
time) ; '^ mhdohkmHm vaaUa vartmn put up 
(L put forward) candidates for the elec- 
uon; '^ mhtUkai make tbe condition (L 
stipulation), make it a condition [that.., 
etta ..];'* «JMl siSman (h ^hUm) put .. 
first (L foremost), give preference [to..], 
prefer; '■^ mrityinmn virkamimt appoint 
(1. engage) a special official; ^ Joku 
••ikmpmhai bold up one as a model; '^ 
<t— fjyrffa give precedence to one, put .. 
first (1. m tbe first place), set .. fore- 
most, prefer; ^ haUitttB set up (1. insti- 
tute) a government, (perustaa) found (1. 
establish) a government; ^ kMonma cfin- 
taimmn (L mhmin) set one's watcb (right) 
(by Greenwich time, Greenwlchm ajan 
mukaanl; ^ mmUmhha quell (I. suppress 
L put down) a riot; '^ [ilmotus] n^y- 
0§Mm pmihkman post [a bill] in a promi- 
nent place; ^ pMoUUmn put (1. Set) in 
Its place, set up, (esim. kone) install; ^ 
jokin paMmMSrMkmmm set a th. as one's 
goal (L aim), have (1. take) a th. as an 
aim; ^ pytyyn set up [tbe pins, keilat; 
a ladder against tbe wall, tikapuut sein&& 
vasten] , erect, right, raise, put . . (up ) on 
end, vrt. pyatyttKX; ^ [torvi] mMmmn 
place (L apply) [the bom] to one's mouth; 
'■' Jokm t^tmiain paikoiUmm replace a th., 
restore (1. return) . . to its place; ^ Jo- 
kin imrkmMti pymtyunrtmt adjust a th. to 
tbe perpendicular (1. the plumb-line), 
make . . plumb; '^ Jokm tmhtUviUtaman 
make it one's business [mUtmantmhtttviUt'' 
mmmms One's Object in life] to . . , set o.s. 
(I. take upon o.s.) tbe task of ..-ing; ^ 
tmiMmimttM»m mrimnktmndn nmhman suit (1. 
accommodate) one's actions (1. procedure 
I. activity) to tbe circumstances, adjust 
O.S. to tbe circumstances; ^ uadMrnmn (I. 



n) §ohotMn place again, replace; 
^ Lsuuna] tmrntimtAHa H^Mmmn (L it- 
MM4r smhimmn) set [great] requirements 
for O.S.; demand (1. expect) [a great 
deal] of O.S.; '^ paiiokuMa appoint a 
conmiittee; '^ [bevoneni vallmMin har- 
ness [a borse] ; ^ vmkaM draw (1. make) 
a note; '^ virkman install (m office), 
(jnbulllsaaU) Inaugurate* (ealm.papi8ta:) 



nUn, mttU tmum hUnmt H:M9a I am going 
to arrange (L plan 1. time) my Journey 
so as to meet him at H.; haltifMrn ammtmitu 
vlkakirla a note drawn in favor of the 
bearer (1. drawn payable to tbe bearer) ; 
laki '*' mMaitmn vaatimakamn (I. mdMrUykamn) 
the law makes (1. lays down) such a re- 
quirement (1. demand); mmnaatUU oBmfttn 
haktmu (osotettu) a petition (1. an appli- 
cation) addressed to the Senate. 

aaettaja one who places, sets Jne., vrt. asat- 
tM; pmhmmUn ^ maker (1. drawer) of a 
note, atettamlnen placing, setting Jne., ks. 
asattaa; vrt. myos: vfirk«ana>ettauiinen. 

aseitautua *» asattua; '*' mainSd MHuUn place 
o.s. against the wall. 

aaetti (small) plate. 

atettua place (1. station) o.s. [in a p.'s way, 
Jonkun tielle], take up a position (1. one's 
station), take one's stand; go and stand 
[before the mirror, peiim eteen]; (pysy- 
v&sti Jobonkm) settle (down), lodge; 
(lauhtua) go down, abate, subside, calm, 
settle, (esim. vihastuneesta ihmisesta:) 
relent; (estyft) be checked, (esim. veren- 
vuoto) be staunched; (heiketft) be quench- 
ed, be quelled, be subdued; '^ oBtunaan io- 
honkin settle (down) somewhere, take up 
one's residence somewhere; '^ mhdokkaakMi 
johonkin present o.s. (1. set o.s. up) as a 
candidate for . . , announce one's candidacy 
for . . ; '*' Jonkln •tnnmiUUin put o.s. at the 
head of . . , bead, (ottaa Johto) take the 
lead of . . , assume the leadership (1. 
command) of . .; '*' iattmuum Sit down 
[on the grass, ruobikoUe], seat o.s. [on 
the box, kusklpenkillel , (Jobonkm kor- 
keammalle) perch o.s. [on the table, pOy- 
d&Ue]; ^ioksikin (esim. maanviljeliJaksi) 
settle down [as a farmer], establish o.s. 
as . .; (esim. tuomariksi) set o.s. up as . . 
[esim. «n halna '^ hUnmn iuomarikM—n I 
have no desire to set myself up as ms 
Judge]; ^ l&rimatykBmmn (kOkOUS y. m.) 
come to order; ^ joUekin kannallm take a 
position (1. a stand) [in a matter, Jossa- 
kin asiassa], take a view [of ..];««' M- 
riin iohonUn pitch one's canm somewhere, 
encamp at a place; '*' UvolU lay o.s. (1. 
lie) down to rest, go and rest, go (and) 
lie down [for a while, hetkiseksi]; ^ 
ov0llm place (1. station) o.s. at tbe door, 
go and stand at the door; ^ paUudUmn 
take one's place; >*' pitk&kmmmn (I. pHkiU" 
Umn) lie down, lay o.s. down flat (1. 
prone) [on the ground, maahan] ; '^ nm- 
haan settle down in peaceful retirement 
(1. in peace) ; ^ rivHn range themselves, 
line up, (sot.) form a lihe, (yksityisista 
sotamiehista puhuen:) fall in; aa9ttvAaa 
(raubottukaa) calm yourselves! be calm! 
kUn MOO '-' kaikkimn mimlikBi be knows 
how to please everybody; Itdpoato oaafttrf 
lahimmn the fleet took Its position (1. was 
stationed) in the bay; myrmky a««ftaathe 
storm abates (1. subsides) ; pakkanmn 
aaettna the cold breaks (1. is abatmg), 
(Jkpv.) the cold lets up; tumkat asmtttwat 
the pain is lessening, the agony is abated, 
the pain is (being) soothed (1. alleviated) ; 
ttadi aamttuu (tyyntyy) the wind is going 
(1. calming) down, the wind is growing 
less; viha osmttua tbe anger grows less 
(1. subsides), (lauhtuu) tbe anger cools 
off (1. down), asettuminen (asumaan) 
settling (down), taking up one's residence. 

asetuksenlmukalnen accordmg (1. conform- 
able) to tbe statute (1. to law): (laiUl- 
nen) lawful, legitimate, -mukalaeati in 



aMtukMnvatialn«ii 

conrormity witn tbe statute. -YattaiMn 
unconformable (1. contrary) to the statute. 

aaetua 1. (laki-) ordinance, statute; (erl- 
kols-) edict; 2. (asettamlnen) placing, 
fitting, arrangement, -kokoaima statute- 
book; tbe statutes. 

aaetuttaa Have . . placed (1. stationed L 
put 1. laid). 

atalvaratto store of arms; (asebuone) ar- 
senal, -varuttua armor, -veikko compan- 
ion In arms; comrade. 

aaevalvoilinan . . liable to military service; 
as9V0lvoUi9mt those (1. the men) liable to 
military service; the conscripts, (Yhdysv.) 
the drafted men. 

aaavaivollituus liability to military service 
(1. to draft) ; compulsory military service; 
conscription; ytminmn ^ universal (liabili- 
ty to) military service; (general) con- 
scription, -iki age of liability to military 
service, -kutsunta conscription; draft, 
-iaki military service act. 

aaalvoima 1. -viki force of arms; aM9Vci- 
maUa by force Of arms, by the sword. 

aafaltti asphalt (um). -huopa asphalt roof- 
ing, -katto asphalt roof, -laakoa asphalt 
pavement, -tyftntakiji asphalt worker, 
worker in asphalt. 

aaia matter, thing, affair; (Jollekulle kuu- 
luva) business, concern; (toimltettava) 
errand; (kysymys) question, poUit; (Jut- 
tu) case, cause, suit, action; (toslasla) 
fact; (alhe) subject [huom.: tolsinaan el 
Sanaa asia ensink&ftn suoranalsestl k&An- 
neta, kuten eslm. seur. lauselssa: mila 
Parma aaia»taan be confident (Of O.S.), 
be sure of O.S.; •« mi muuta aaiaa, mm mi 
vaikuta mituan oMiaan that makes no dif- 
ference] ; aMiiuut to the point! (pari.) 
question! aaiaan kwmlwanaton, ktmtuva ks. 
asiaanlkuulumaton, -kuuluva; '*' ai Mntln 
hOnmlU it is not his business, it is no 
concern of his, (muodoUisemmln, eBtm.ti)o- 
marista y.m.) It is not within (l.lt is out ur> 
his jurisdiction; amiain kmhityt (l. kthitty- 
minmn) development of affairs {L thiiiir»^ ; 
asiain mano course Of things (L arrair^ 1. 
events); amiain nOin Man under Eucb li. 
the) circumstances, this (1. surh) boiiiK 
the case, that being so; asiain riykyUctid 
kannaila (I, nykyiualllUtn) aUan &i mat- 
ters stand (now), as matters are at pres- 
ent, as things (1. affairs) now stand, in 
the present state of things, as it is 
(now); aaiain tUa kS. asiaintila (hakus.); 
tuian aikain (varta vasten) especially, 
purposely, for this (1. that) particular 
purpose, on purpose for that; aaiasta 
toiammn from one thing to another (1. the 
other), (keskustelussa:) by the way; 
aaiatta (aiheetta) without any reason 
(whatever), without a reason (I. cause), 
for nothing; without authority (1. war- 
rant); Improperly, unduly; htdlitnkmmn ^ 
on katMoa, attH . . It is up to the govern- 
ment to see that . . , it is the business 
(1. duty) of the government to see that . .; 
kuinka ovat aaiat how is it? how does the 
matter stand? mikU on ^ what is it (1. 
all this) about? miiin asialla olmt ta&iia 
what is your errand (1. business) here? 
what business has brought you here? 
mitd mintdla [TrniUH] on aaiaa what is your 
errand? what is (the nature of) your 
business (with me) ? what do you want? 
what can I do for you? omimma aaioimmani 
in my own affairs (I. business); •« ajaa 
aaman aaian that gives equal service, (on 
yhdentekevftft) it comes to the same 
thing, it makes no difference, it la im- 
material, it 18 aU one (to me); •• ai ala 



— 39 — aaianajotolmlato 

minun asiani it Is none Of my business 
(1. affairs). It Is no concern of mine; 
«• on oma oaianMa that's his business (1. 
affair), (syytt&kOOn Itseftnsi) he has 
himself to blame (1. to thank) (for It); 
sinuUa ai ota ainna mitUMn aaiaa (Slellft 
tekemlsUl) you have no business to go 
(1. to be) there; tinun aaioMi on piUittiUi, 
onko .. it Is up to you to decide whether . .; 
vaitakunnan aaiat the affairs Of the em- 
pire; yiminan '^ an affair Of public con- 
cern (1. moment), public question; vrt. 
laU^, liik««, piU&'«» raha^t aiva^ y. m. 
aalaaharraaUva interested; kaUM aaiaahar- 
raatavai all those Interested (In the 
matter) . 

aaiaanilkuulumaton 1. (aslaton) Imperti- 
nent, irrelevant, not bearmg upon the 
subject, extraneous; 2. (Jota el asia kos- 
ke) not concerned; aaiaankmdumattomai 
those not concerned; kaikUa aaiaankmUn- 
mattomia pyydmtUHn poimttunaan all those 
not (directly) concerned are requested to 
withdraw, -kuuiuva pertaining to the 
matter, pertinent (to the subject), rele- 
vant, -vaikuttamaton having (1. with) no 
effect upon the matter (1. the case). 
aalalntila state of affairs (1. thUigs). 
asiakaa customer; patron, client, 
asiaklrja document; deed. Instrument; aaia- 
Mrlat documents, papers; (vlralllset, 
eslm. jonkun seuran) proceedings, acts, 
(Jossakln oikeusjutussa syntyneet) plead- 
ings, -kokoalma collection of documents 
(1. records), 
afliaklrjanviifennya Forgery of a document, 
asialllnon 1. (a.> . . lo the poin;; bearing 
ijinjrcuy on iiie subject* penini3Qt (to the 
suijjoct) ; (kuWastJ asialJiiieiM matter-of- 
fact ; (totuuaenmukalnen^ tiue [mterpre- 
lauonp tumuitaj : ^ hinamauiuM a remark 
(rights l4j tile point, a t>e[UTH'!it sugges- 
Itoii; hdn Qn hmkUwti puhei -x kyvin -» 
he is very direct (1. cuiicii>u) In his 
speech (I. in whatever he says), he is al- 
ways right to the point In what he says. 
II. (s.) (lak.) party (concerned), aalal- 
lisasti (right) to the point; In a matter- 
of-fact way; pertinently; oaataai hyvin 
aaialU»9»ti gave a pertinent reply, an- 
swered right to the point, aalailituus 
pertinence; (henkllOn) directness, 
aaialuatuio table of matters treated of; 
(juttu-) docket (myOs esUn. lainlaatija- 
kunnan <«'). 

aaiamiaa (Hike-) agent; (valtuutettu) 
proxy; (asianajaja) attorney; (edustaja) 
representative; aaiamimhmn toimi ks. asU- 
miestoimL -^hdot terms (granted an 
agent), -oikeua (tav. pi. -^kandmi) 
agent's rights, agency, privilege (s) of (1. 
as) an agent (1. representative), -paikkio 
agent's fee; commission, percentage, -toi- 
mi position of agent (1. representative), 
agency, -vaituudet right to act as one's 
agent (1. representative); (asianajo-) 
power of attorney. 

asianaJaJa attorney (-at -law), solicitor; 
counsel; (lakimies) lawyer; oUa fonkun 
amianajajana act as one's attorney, (oi- 
keudessa) plead one's cause, -ammatti 
profession of a lawyer, legal profession, 
asianajajantoimi position of (1. as) an 

attorney. 
asianajo (olkeudessa) pleading (of a 
cause), -fiaikklo lawyer's (1. attorney's) 
fee. -tamppu legal quibble; lawyer's 
trick; (muotoselkka) technicality, -toi- 
mlsto lawyer's (1. attorney's) office; firm 
_. .. law-offlce(i). 



of attorneys; (Amer.) 



MtamJovalUklpJa 



— 33 — 



-vatukirja proxy; vrt. seur. -valUiiHl«t 
power or attorney. 

Miaiilhaaptt circumstance; fact; (tav. pi.) 
Hmmhmmrmt Circumstances (of tlie case), 



facts (in the case); 
as tbe case may be, as circumstances (1. 
as tlie case) may require; UmvniUvimn 
maimmhmmrmin vtUitmssa under extenuating 
Circumstances; •• on aMianhaaraiM9*t tbat 
depends upon circumstances: t^kmM ami' 
wmkumrm an important fact (in the case), 
a fact tliat lias (1. had) an Important 
bearing on the case, -harrastajat those 
Interested (In the matter), -harrastua In- 
terest, concern, -lalta fact; case; (-tlla) 
sute of affairs (1. thingrs) ; niin on a»ian' 
ImUrn that (1. such) is the case; mit9n on 
■riowfoffw, oniko Mn . . how is it, has he . .? 
-mukainan due [order (1. course), J&r- 
jestys], prc^per; right, fitting'; (aslalll- 
neo) pertinent [suggestion, huomautus]; 
— iowmJbofMiao Mrjm9tykm9MMS in due or- 
der (1. course), in proper sequence, -mu- 
kaiaaeti duly; in due form (1. course), 
properly; pertinently, -mukaltuut fitness, 
(due) propriety; pertinence. 

•atanomaliiaii I. (a.) (henkilOstft:) the prop- 
er [Judge, tuomarl] , the competent [court, 
tuomfoistuln] ; (kysymyksessA oleva) the . . 
concerned, the . . in question, respective; 
(asiastar ) due, proper; pertinent; '^ enomlo- 
iaimim (my6s:) the court having Jurisdiction 
<m the case); <« vaUmkunia tbe appointed 
rommlttee, the committee appointed to deal 
with the matter; msianomaiBmt hmnkUSt 
tbe persons (1. parties) concerned (1. in 
question); knkin '■^ poikaUiwaaBto each 
respective local, n. (s.) the proper per- 
son, tbe party concerned (1. Interested), 
tbe Individual m question; '^ if ofl om- 
fiitfWo the party concerned was present 
m person; haikUim asimnomaimiUm hua- 
mia^tmttHmvmkMj (esim. kiertokirjeen ot- 
slkossa:) to all whom it may concern. 

MiaBBemialaia (lak.) the plaintiff, -omia- 
talarikoa (lak.) an offense the prosecution 
of which rests with the plaintiff, -oaainan 
(osakumppanl) copartner; msianoamitmt the 
parties concerned, -tiia state of things 
(1. affairs); circumstances, -tuntamut 
(practical) knowledge of the subject; 
competence; authority; aaiantuntmrnnkMrni' 
la displaying knowledge of tbe subject, 
with authority, -^untava conversant with 
tbe subject, competent [person, henkllO]; 
expert. -Uintlja expert; (tunnustettn) au- 
thority; (erikolstuntlja) specialist; Mnon 
(tunnustettu) msimntvniifa mitUi aUOa he is 
an authority on such matters (1. in that 
line), -ymmlrryt » aolantmitomas. -ym- 
■lirtivi conversant with the subject, com- 
petent; (ammattl-) professional; aaianym' 
mMrtMPi§§a pHrmimmM In professional Circles. 

aelalpaparl — aslaldrja; aaiapmpmrit papers, 
documents, -puoll party, -tolmiato » 



not pertaining to tbe question (1. 
the matter), not bearing upon the sub- 
ject, extraneous. Irrelevant (to the ques- 
tion 1. to the matter) ; impertinent; (epft- 
oleelllnen) immaterial; (aibeeton) un- 
justified, unjustifiable [blame, molte]; 
unautboriied, unwarranted [assertion. 
vute]. aaiattomaaU without due (1. suffi- 
cient) cause (1. reason); unjustifiably. 
•tialtofiiutta irrelevaince (1. -ncy) ; imper- 
tinence; (aiheettomuus) unjustlflableness. 
asiolda (tehdi aslolta) transact (1. carry 
on L do) business; do business (on com- 
mission) ; (askarrella) be busy; mHM 9inM 



tastta msioit what calls (l. what business 
has brought) you here? 

atiolmitllilka commission business; com- 
mission merchants; agency; firm of brok- 
ers (1. Jobbers), -maika business trip. 

atioimisto (general) agency, agent's office, 
atioittija (commission) agent; (tukku-) 
Jobber; (osakkelden y. m. myyji) broker. 

askara (alkup.) something to do; business, 
work; occupation; (puuha) care, duty; 
(tehtAvft) task; oMkarmMt work, tasks, 
duties, cares; monnil MJitarolffoon go about 
one's work (1. tasks 1. duties) ; vrt. koti^, 

Eikku^, talous^. atkarolda busy o.s., be 
usy [about the house, taloustoimissa] ; 
oMkaroida tyhiUii potter over (1. with) 
trifles; oMkaroida yhtU fa toista be busy 
about this and that, busy o. s. about 
many tmngs. do odd Jobs, be (busily) 
engaged in various petty Jobs; aina Mn 
aakaroi i^ttJdn he is always busy with 
(1. always doing) something, atkarolml- 
nan busying (o.s.). pottering, atkarralla 
be busy [with..], potter [over (1. with), 
Jotakln. Jossaklnj, be (busily) engaged 
(1. occupied) [in..]; hOnmn ofutuhMmnsa 
aMkartMvmt olittdamMti rnUnH that busied 
(1. occupied 1. took up) his thoughts (1. 
his mind) constantly; mita tina oBkartm^ 
Imt What are you busying yourself with? 
what's that you are pottering with? as- 
karrut ks. askare. atkarruttaa occupy; 
busy; €MkarmHi hanmn aiatukaiaan busied 
(1. occupied 1. took up) his thoughts (1. 
his mind). atkarUlu 1. » aakarolminen; 
2. » aakare. 

atkaaal (llhankidutus) asceticism, atkaetti 
ascetic, atkaettlnan ascetic. 

atkal(a) step [in the right direction, oi- 
keaan suuntaan] ; pace; (pitkft) stride; 
(Jalan-*) footstep; (kuv.) move; -» oaJbo- 
fooffa step by step, step after step, a step 
at a time, (askelittain) by steps; aatua 
pitkin aMk€iin take great (1. long) strides; 
stride (along); /ofca askmlmMa at every 
step (1. turn); mnutatmm aakmlmmn paas- 
«ff at the distance of a few paces, a few 
steps off (I. away), a few steps [from 
the kitchen door,ky6ktn ovesta] ; [edistydj 
nop9in aakmlin [advance] with rapid strides; 
aata aakmlta a hundred paces. 

atkalaenllatklja 1. -iukija ks. askellaskija. 

atkelltUin step by step; by steps; a step 
at a time; (asteittain) gradually, aakel- 
iatklja pedometer, atkelma (portaissa) 
landing, (astuin) stair; (askel) step. 

atkelo ks. asteikko. 

Aeovan-meri Sea of Azov (1. Azof). 

aasyrlalainan (a. & s.) Assyrian. 

attahtaa step [on to the rug. matolle]. 
pace; walk. 

asta degree; (arvo- y. m.) rank; grade; 
(kehitys-) stage. (Iftftk.) stadium; (kor- 
keus-) level; (olkeus-) instance; '^ aa^ 
eoolta step by step, by steps, gradually, 
by degrees; aaUiaiin iakaminmn grad(u)a- 
tlon; kanaa on vimia tdhaimMa OMtmmila the 
people are still on a low plane (1. level), 
the people are still at a low stage; kym- 
mmnmn aatamn pakkaaeaaa When it was 10 
degrees below (zero), with the thermome- 
ter at 10 (degrees) below; eo aatmalia 
pohioiata ImvyHa (Situated) at (1. in 1. 
on) 60 degrees northern latitude (lyh.: 
in lat. 60* N.): on korkaimmMa as- 
tamtta (korkelmmlllaan) stands highest, is 
at its highest pitch. Is at the highest 
mark (1. level); pmtoaiaimtn asUalla on 
a level with a (1. the) brute; taudin vii- 
mmimatta aataaUa during (1. at) the last 
stage of the disease; ks. kohota (astelssa). 



MUlkko 



— 84 -- 



Mtunta 



atUlkko scale; graduation; mttmUtpUa m- 
rtutmttn graduated. 

atteinen (ybd.) of . . degrees [eslm. vlUW 
or 5 degrees]. 

attaittain gradually, by degrees; step by 
step, by steps; (kohoten) progressively, 
m progression; (periltt&ln) successively. 
aataittalnan gradual; progressive; succes- 
sive, atteittaituut gradation. 

aataiiJako graduation, division into degrees. 
-latta 1. -levy protractor. 

astella step, pace; (kftvellft) walk, stroll. 
astelu stepping; walking, stroll (ing). 

attalluku number of degrees, -mittari gra- 
diometer; graduated gauge (1. indicator). 
-mittaut measurement of degrees, -mift- 
ri — ast«luku. 

aster i (kasv.) aster, starwort. 

astevaihtelu (kiel.) consonantal gradation. 

atti: iohonkin ^ (alkaa ilmottaen:) till, up 
till, up to, (lukua) up to, as many 
as, (m&Araft, astetta) as much as, up 
to, down to, (paikkaa) as far as, to 
[esim. kahteen jalkaan '^ as mucb aS 
two feet; kaolaan ^ (Clear) up to tbe 
cbin; kymmenmen '«' up to ten; nSihin ^ 
till (I. up to 1. Up till) now, up to tbe 
present time; pimnimpiin yhBityiskohtiin '^ 
down to tbe minutest particulars; aiih^n '^ 
up to (1. up tiU 1. down till) tbat time (1. 
point), up to (1. up till) then, (myOs:) so 
(1. thus) far; BHhmn ^ kuin (niin pitk&Ue 
kuin) as far as, (kunnes) until; caAAn 
'-' (paikkaa:) this far, (aikaa:) hither- 
to, up till now, so (1. thus) far, (kielt. 
laus.) as yet]; Sostakin ^ from, right 
from; from as far as; (aikaa ilmottaen) 
ever since . . [eslm. HmMngiBtU '*' from 
as far as Helsingfors; iwdvata [lr«pa&'«- 
t&] ^ (sitten Joulun, kev&ftn) ever smce 
Christmas [spring] ; nnortoidtata ^ from 
(one's) youth up, ever since (one's) 
youth; Biitd '^ ever since (then 1. that 
time), (right) from tbat time] ; i&ibiauin ^ 
enough and to spare, enough and some 
left over; KtmdmnnMe kadnlU '^ aS far as 
to Sixth street: perilU '^ to the end, 
to the (very) destination; portillm '^ to 
the gate, (clear) to the door; rUttUnUi&n 
CI. tarp99k9i) '^ enough, surficiently, a 
sufficiency, (Jkpv.) a plenty; aiUfn ^, 
•H& . . SO f ar that . . , to such a pass that . . , 
to a point where . . ; oiim^iBmmn '^ (up) 
to the last, to the (very) end; vrt. saakluu 

aatia vessel; (sililytys-, lasku-) receptacle; 
(ruoka-) dish; (tynnyri) cask, (pieni) 
keg; hmikompi '*' (kuv.) the weaker ves- 
sel; vrt. myOs: kyttkki^, pSytli^, ruo- 
k«-~, yjS^ y. m. -hyily shelf for dishes 
(1. kitchen utensils), cupboard shelf. 
-kaappi (kelttiOn) cupboard, kitchen cabi- 
net; (ruokasalln) buffet, sideboard, -lauta 
stave. 

aatiaiiinen: ** veitu a vessel (1. receptacle 
1. cask 1. dish) full of water. 

attiamitta cubic measure. 

attianOpetlJi dish-washer, -pesu dish- 
washing, -take making (of) casks. 

attiapyyhe dish-cloth (1. -rag). 

aatlaato set of dishes (1. -things), service, 
set [esim. pBytU^ table-service, t99^ 
set of tea-thmgs, tea-set]. 

attiaDvanne hoop of a cask, -vaai dish- 
water. 

attin carriage-step, -lauta (raam.) footstool. 

aatioida lay (1. put) in casks. 

aatronomia ks. tlUitltled«. 

aatua 1. step [in. sisiian; on a p.*s toe(s), 
Jonkun varpaiUej : (kHydft) tread; go; (kft- 
velia) walk; 2. (oriista:) cover; ^ «d9oihin 
(kuv.) put on (1. throw o.s. into) the har- 



ness; '^ alm» step (1. come) down, alight 
[from..], (bevosen selftst&) dismount; '^ 
amkmi take a step [forward, eteenpftin]; '^ 
•idmSSit enter life; '*' ««l//« (I. esUn) come 
(1. step) forward, step forth, come (1. go) 
up; '*' hallitnkMeen assume the govern- 
ment, take up the reins of government; 
'*' harhaan take a misstep; '*' hevo9en 
MmlkUUn mount (one's horse), get on 
horseback; '*' [naula, piikki y. m.] fal- 
kaanma run [a nail, a thorn etc.] into 
one's foot, step on [a nail, a thorn]; '*' 
iaikansa set (one's) foot on [dry land 
again, jaileen kuivalle maalle]; ^^ iofton- 
Mn Step (I. get) in (to) [the carriage, 
vaunuihin], enter [the room, huoneeseen: 
a p.'s service, Jonkun palvelukseeni , 
(nousta) ascend [the pulpit, saamastuoliin] ; 
'*' ioUmkin (nousta) mount [the speaker's 
platform, puhujalavalle], ascend, (polkea) 
trample up (on); ^ (pois 1. ulos) /e««aJUn 
step (l.get) out of, alight from [the carriage, 
vaunuista]; '^ [isAnsa] jaikiH follow (1. 
tread) in the footsteps [of one's father] ; 
'*' katua step (1. walk 1. go) along the 
street, go on the street; '*' kmvmSmti (l. 
kepmin arnkmlin) trip (lightly); '-' iaivman 
go on board a ship, board a ship, go (1. 
step) on board, embark; '^ maaUm (I. 
nudhin) kS. nousta; -^ n&kyviin come (1. 
Step) forth (1. forward), come (1. go) 
up, ^pear, (kuv.) come in sight (1. In 
view), emerge, stand out; ^ pitkH amkei 
(ottaa) take a (long) stride, stride; ^ 
[keppinsft] poikki break [one's cane] by 
treading on it, step on [one's cane] and 
break it; '^ pUiUle (Jalallaan) Step on, 
tread on; «« Jonkin raiohn yli (kuv.) 
overstep (1. exceed) the bounds of, trans- 
gress a th.; ~ rikki smash .. by stepping 
on it, step (1. tread) on . . and smash (1. 
break) it; '^ Jonkun sifaUm (\. tHailm) 
take a p.'s place, relieve one, (eslm. vl- 
rassa) succeed . . , (Jkpv.) step into a p.'s 
shoes [huom. myOs: kSnmn MiSalleen om- 
tmt toinmn his place will be taken (1. oc- 
cupied I. filled) by another, (Jkpv.) an- 
other man will step into his shoes]; <« 
Mipautmlla trip, (go) trip (ping) along; ~ 
MUUdn step (1. walk) in [huom. aMtvkaa 
sUUdn, come (1. walk 1. step) in! sUsan 
asttt€9sani When (1. While) entering, at my 
entrance]; '^ ayrlH&n step aside; <« toi- 
mmmnsa enter (Up) on (1. assume I. take 
up) one's duties (1. the duties of one's 
office 1. post), enter (1. take) office; -» 
tnttna timta walk (1. wander) along a 
well-known road (1. path), tread the 
well-worn path [to.., Johonkin], follow 
the beaten path; ~ vakoa (pitkin) walk 
in (I. along) the furrow; ^ va!tai9taimml- 
U ascend (1. accede to) the throne; '*' 
voimaan come Into force (1. operation), 
become valid, take effect; aMtuessani ka- 
duila (k&vellessHni) while walking on the 
street; aiaa aatumn drive at a walk; kmvo- 
nmn astuu (kUydmn) the horse goes at a 
walk [huom. royOS: onfoa kevoaatua aa- 
tua kSydmn let one's horse walk, walk 
one's horse] ; mUkan tdos aatwdtua after 
the man had stepped (1. walked) out, 
after the man had withdrawn (1. retired). 

attain carriage -step; (portalssa) step; 
portaidmn ylinuniUlU astuimmlla on the top 
Step (1. stair), on the top of the stairs. 

aatuja wanderer; /afan'*' walker, pedestrian. 

aatumaDJalka (el&int.) cursorial foot. -Ilntu 
cursorial bird. 

aatuminan stepping, treading, walking; vrt. 
seur. attunta stepping, treading, walking; 
(kftynti) gait; step, pace; (marssi) march; 



— 85 — - AtlMHruor«t 

(UT6ly) walk; kauhd idimm cctanfM foot- tot rlffht. -v«lvollituut obligation to re- 

steps were lieard, a sound of steps was side [f. i. on one's claim (1. Homestead)]. 

beard. atumalaluei Si^wc'^intiaanimn a^umm-miue 

ig >ma ela m lnii wandering* walking, step- the territory (1. area) inhabited by tbe 

ping along, aatuakella step (1. tread 1. Sioux (Indians), -huone « aMdahuone. 

pace) along; walk; wander, stroll. atumaton uninbabited, unoccupied; tenant - 

BsUittMi 1. (antaa kaydi astuen) let., less [bouse, vuokratalo]; (tybja) vacant, 

walk, walk [one's borse, bevostaan]; 2. empty; (autio) waste; wild [tract, seutuj. 

(panteUa) serve; '^ tmnumi orUUa serve a atumua residence, abode, dwelling; quar- 

mare wltb a stallion, bave a mare covered ters. -olot » asunto-olot. 

(L served) by a stallion, atiuttamlnen, atunnonflmuutoe 1. -vaihto cbange of resi- 

■itMtiie (tamman y. m.) service. dence. -puuu lack of bouses (to rent) ; 

Mtt (ulko-) make-up. appearance; sbape, scarcity of lodgings. 

form, figure; (puku) dress, (Jubla-) atunnoton .. witbout a bouse to live in; 

garb, attire, array; (rakenne) build, bouseless; (koditon) bomeless. 

structure; (laadlnU) wording; (varustus) aaunto residence, dwelling, abode; quar- 

6qulproent(s); crattaon in (form and) ters; (vuokra-) lodgings; oUm mauntoa 

appearance; hyvM»sM m»m»»m in fine sbape, h—mkin be a resident in [a town], reside 

(kunnossa) In good condition (1. repair), (1. live) in [a bouse], -huoneitto = 

sbJpsbape; Irfcfen '^ form of a language, airin h u on »Uto« -kyaymya bousing ques- 

( rakenne) tbe structure of a language; tlon. -olot tenement (I. bousing) condi- 

khimm •* tbe get-up (L make-up 1. ap- tions. -oeake sbare in a cooperative bulld- 

pearance) of a book; JUr/a on aUti—d ing company, -oaakeyhtid cooperative 

mtmm— tbe book bas a nice appearance; building company, -palkka ks. asuin- 

mdmUmMm '^ tbe form (1. wording) of paikka. -pula bousing problem; (asunto- 

tbe report; 9mmmmmUM——d m«m« In Jen puute) lack of bousing facilities. 

tbe Flnrnsb garb (1. attire); tUvd—d -rakennua » asuinrakMuma. -toverl » 

«aaM« m full eoulpment; vrt. Jiihia-'^. aa ufa i nnn ppani. 

klatt'"'. •ata-'"', ollco'*' y. m. atutkella live, dweU, reside; be settled; 

Miia 1. (Itr.) live, dwell, reside; (t&ysl- (oleskella) stay [for awbile,jonkunaikaaj. 

boldossa) board (and room) ; (tilap&lsesti) atuttaa dwell, reside, (lybyen aikaa) stay; 

stay, stop [at a botel, botellissa] ; lodge; (oleskella, oleilla) bave one's wbereabouts 

(oleakeua) be residing (1. living); S. (1. quarters) [at (1. in), Jossakin]; •* 

(tr.) inbabit; occupy [a bouse, taloa], tm9t9&—d (\, mmttUBH) keep (1. live) in 

live in; (viUellft) cultivate; farm [an es- tbe woods, inbabit tbe forest [buom. 

tate.tUaaj: (kansottaa) populate, people; '^ myOs: m«e«tf««ir ^ rySvUrmHS robbers in- 

mktumna (l, mkimm»m) DO Closely boused, fest (1. baunt) tbe forest]; '^ pai99a (lin- 

Uve In cran^^ed quarters, bave scanty nuista y. m.) lodge (I. nest) in trees; 

houseroom; '^ hnkun luana live wltb a p., en tUdU, mi99U hUn nyhylUin ^ (myOS:) 

live In a p.'s bouse [buom. HMn «nra mI- I don't know bis present wbereabouts. 

/mai hmmm be lives at bis brother's] ; '-' atuttaa settle; (kansottaa) populate, peo- 

U jai km td mBw m board [at a hotel, botellissa], pie; (etenkin: siirtomaa) colonize; (ra- 

board and room; '^ vn^hrmttm (\, cuohrm" kennuksilla) build (up) on. atuttaminen 

) h^mUn tmU—m rent a bouse; settlement; peopling; colonizing, coloni- 

•imvm, msmiiu ks. hakus.; Ana- zation. 

kyUmbOL (pysyttelevftt) tbe aautUva: tiBwatavakai kmlpomm, mtatttaHUBa 

rooms are always cold; MtnaaaA aawm mie' kunnomsa (I, oMuiimvigga) oimva babit- 



(kuv.) there Is manhood In him, able, inhabitable, fit to live in; oantta- 

manbood resides In him; /onJhm aaoma vak»i kmlpaamaton uninhabitable, atuttu 

Inhabited by..; m%i9MM han mnm where inhabited; settled: populated; harvaan 

does be live (1. reside)? where is his [tiheSdn] oBtUiu thinly [thickly] settled, 

residence? sparsely [densely] populated. 

•avlaefi (ybd.) .. wltb a «. make-up (1. atutus (asuttamlnen) settlement (myOs 

get-up L appearance), . .-ly finished konkr.); colonizing, colonization, -alue 

(eslm. MtrnvM--* with a nice (1. fine) make- settled area (1. district), inhabited terrl- 

up (L appearance), nicely finished]. tory. -hittoria: ionkin moan antuMhiatoria 

•tirinl huone room in a dwelling-house, history of the settlement of a country. 

■Iiiionelsto (suite of) rooms, apartment, -kelpoinen (Jn) habitable, fit to live in. -olot 

flat, -kumppanl fellow lodger; (buoneto- conditions of settlement (I. colonization), 

veri) chum, roommate, -paikka place of atuva: haaakin ^ residing in . . . 

restdence. abode; (asunto) dwelling, -ra- Ateena Athens, ateenalalnen (a. & s.) 

kMHiiia dwelling (-bouse); family abode; Athenian. \ 

residence; (berraskartanon) mansion, auisml (Jumalankieltamys) atheism, auisti 

maoor-bouse; (talonpoikaistalon) farm- (Jumalankieltaji) atheist. 

bouse. -eIJa dwelling-place, (place of) aulieerl, «uijee(rl) (taiteilijan tyObuone) 

abode, habitation. studio; workshop, workroom. 

iMiJaliiilat* population, (tbe) Inhabitants, ateria meal; repast; ofcWan oilMMfi fl. o/- 

•eujain ks. aaukaa. kmna) at (1. by) mealtime; olfa atarialla 

mamkm (roaan) inbabitant; (kaupungln, ky- be eating (1. having) one's meal, have 

Un) resident; (yl.) denizen; (vuokra-) one's meal; (pOyd&ssfi) be (1. sit) at 

tenant, (tilapftlnen) roomer, boarder, table: ks. pXlUtll (aterialta). auriolda 

kMlger; (boidokas) inmate; matAkaat take one's meal, have a meal, eat: atari- 

(kolL) — aanjalfldato; ilmmn [maiaMn] oidaaaaan While at (the) table, while hav- 

denisens of the air [the forest]; ing his (1. their) meal, during the meal; 



(Uv.) people of (1. living atariaitnaan after having eaten his g. 
m) tbe bouse; tUmn ** tenant on the their) meal, after the (1. one's) meal. 



farm; — iftflwi mtmkkmai Inmates of a ateriolmlnen eating. 
prison; mtmk r a t m i a n mankkmai renters Of a Atlantti: Atlmntin {V€dta)mari the Atlantic 
bouse, (Tuokrakasarmln) residents of a Ocean: Atiantin yti (\, poikki) kulkava 
tenement -bouse, -luku 1. -miiri popula- transatlantic, crossing the Atlantic Ocean. 
tkn, number of mbabltants. -^Ikeua ten- Atlaa-vuoret the Atlas Mountains. 



ftll««Ul 



— 36 — 



AutomobllllklllMlIu 



-klubi atUetlc 



•ilMtti (Toimalllja) athlete, 
club. 

atinoe|fe«pl 1. -fiirl (llmakeh&) atmosphere. 

atomi (kem. Il fys.) atom, -arvo atomic 
value, valence, -oppi atomism, -paino 
atomic weiffht. ^teoria atomic theory. 

atraln (fish-) spear, fishgl^. 

attributiivi (klel.) attributive, attribuutti 
(klel.) attribute; adSmhtUvi-attribuatti 
(myOs:) adjective modifier. 

atulat (plbdlt) tweezers* mppers. 

audar, auar haze; (usva) mist. 

audianati (pubelllepa&sy, puhelllakftyntl) 
audience. 

Auar-lamppu (myOs: Aumrin iamppu) Wels- 
bacb burner. 

auau open [into (1. on) a passage, kftytn- 
v&An]; (menn& auki) come (1. fly) open, 
(siteista y. m.) come undone, come un- 
fastened, (solmusta:) come (1. get) un- 
tied, (saumasta:) rip, be ripped; (puhje- 
ta) unfold, (esiuL haava) burst (1. crack) 
open; (levita) spread (itself); (laajeta) 
widen, expand; *« m^figtm come unbuttoned; 
ankini silmi^mme mteen Opened tO our 
view, broke upon our sigrbt, vrt. avautua; 
iUrvi en ancnnot the lake has broken up 
(1. is open 1. has thawed) ; ktm paihka 
aukmaa (haettavaksi) when a position 
falls vacant (1. is open) ; mtppu auk^aa 
the bud opens (1. unfolds) ; ndMaUi oo- 
kmaa a View opens, the view opens out; 
aooma on ^amimtti the seam has ripped 
(1. has given way); noMi toimiaia aukeaa 
(kuv.) a new field of activity opens, 
(ilmestyy) a new field of activity offers 
(1. presents) itself. 

aukalaaminan opening, aukaltija one who 
(1. that which) opens (1. has opened) ; opener 
[esim. aUmUin ankmaUa an eye-opener]. 

aukaiata open [a book, kirja; one's eyes, 
silmansH]; aukaism ovi open the door! 
'^ Unfa mmtaMan cut a line through the 
forest; '^ aataanvarjo put up (1. open) 
an umbrella; '^ «olma untie (1. undo 1. 
unfasten) a knot; vrt. avata. 

aukaa I. (a.) open [field, kenttft]; flat and 
treeless: (laala) wide, vast. II. (s.) (tasan- 
ko) plains, (yl&tasanko) plateau, aukaama 
(aukea paikka) open place; (aukko) 
opening; open space; (esim. kallion kyl- 
JessH) gap; (mets&ss&) glade, aukaua 
openness. 

auki open; (Joidenkin verbien yhteydessft:) 
un- [esim. kUrtUU '^ unscrew], (toisten 
verbien yhteydessft:) up [esim. rmpi& -^ 
rip (1. tear) up] ; ooiU olcva open [book, 
klrJa]; olla ~ be (1. stand) open, be kept 
open, (virasta: — haettavana) be vacant; 
[maata] ailmUt ^ [lie (down)] with one's 
eyes open, with open eyes; [seisoa] ami *« 
[stand] with one's mouth open, [stand] 
agape, aukinainan open. 

aukijjoloalka hours when [a library, an art 
gallery etc.] Is open; konttorin aukiolo- 
afatla during Office hours; pankin auki' 
clotdka banking hours. -pitAminan keeping 
open, -ravitty torn (1. ripped) up (1. open). 

aukko opening, aperture, (tullvuoren) cra- 
ter; (reikft) hole; (muurissa y. m.) gap, 
break; (kuv.) void, breach, hiatus; Mr- 
jaasa on aukkoia (poisJ&ttamisi&) there 
are omissions In the book, (puuttelta) 
there are defects in the book; tmkatUad 
on ^ there is a gap (1. break) in the text, 
-paikka (esim. klrjassa) gap, breach, break. 

auKoa open (again and again), keep open- 
ing; '^ Uhtiddn spread out its leaves, un- 
fold; '-' aitmitH unwind (1. unfold) bandages. 

auktoritaetti (arvovalta) authority, -uako 
dependance upon another's authority. 



blindly following a leader (1. leaders). 

Aukuati Augustus. 

auiiitti (runsaastl) liberally, generously; 
(halulla) readily, willingly, aulia (ante- 
lias) liberal, generous, bounteous, open- 
handed, free; (halukas) willing [to do a 
th., tekemftftn Jotakln (1. Johonkin)], 
ready, prompt, auliua liberality, generos- 
ity, bounty; (halukkuus) willingness, 

auma stack; (Engl.) rick, aumata stack; rick. 

aura plow, plough; onran kurki giildlng 
handles of a plow, plow -handles; ooran 
oltta (I. tdaa) plow-beam; oaron aiipi 
moldboard; onran tarU (I. vannaa) plow- 
share; oaran vaitai (\. kiaU) COlter. 

auranQala plowland; (Engl, hist.) carucate. 
-kukka (kasv.) corn-cockle, cornflower, 
-karki plowshare, -vako furrow. 

auringon- (yhd.) . . of the sun, solar 
[esim. 'IMmpS heat (I. warmth) of the 
sun, solar heat; -pimannya eclipse of the 
sun, solar eclipse]; sun [esim. -piikku 
sun spot], -kukka sunflower, -iaaku sunset, 
sundown, setting of the sun. -nouau sun- 
rise, (Jkpv.) sunup, -paahda blaze of the 
sun. -palate sunshine, -paiatainan sun- 
shiny; (aurinkolnen) sunny, -pal vail Ja sun - 
worshipper, -palvalua sun -worship. -pUkah- 
dua gleam (1. glimpse 1. flash) of sunshine, 
-piato sunstroke; tmringonpiaton amanat 
sunstruck. .. affected with sunstroke; aaotfa 
auringonpiato get (1. have) a sunstroke, be 
sunstruck. -aappi sun dog, sundog; mock 
sun; (tlet.) parhelion (pi. -hella). -aide 
sunbeam, ray of the sun, solar ray. sun- 
ray. -tara sun's disk, -valo light of the 
sun, sunlight. 

aurinko sun; auringon laakiaaaa at sunset, 
at sundown, at the going down of the 
sun; auringon nouataaaa at sunrise, (Jkpv.) 
at sunup; auringon raia path Of the Sun, 
ecliptic; auringon wdaiaama sunlit; anrtn- 
goaaa paahdattu (\. kuivattu) sundrled. 

aurinko- (yhd.) solar [esim. -aika solar 
time; 'iUriaatalma solar system; 'Vnaai 
solar year]. 

aurinkolnen I. (a.) sunny. II. (s.) (run.) 
» aurinko. 

aurlnkoflkaual solar period (1. cycle), -kallo 
sundial, -kunta solar system, -kylpy sun- 
bath, -laai burning glass, sun-glass, -uava 
=< auder. 

auakarl scoop, ball(er). 

Auatralia Australia, auatrallalalnan (a. & 
s.) Australian. 

autalla be helping, help, aid, assist, lend a 
(helping) hand; support; make o.s. use- 
ful [in the kitchen, kyOkissft]. 

autarainan full of haze, hazy; misty. 

autattava: on autaHaviaaa can be helped, is 
not beyond (1. past) help (1. relief 1. 
remedy); aa ai ola anau autattaviaaa it 
cannot be helped (1. there is no helping 
it) any more, it is beyond (1. past) help 
(1. relief 1. remedy). 

autio waste; desolate; (hylfttty) deserted; 
(asumaton) uninhabited [Island, saari], 
(rakentamaton 1. asukkaltta oleva) vacant 
[house, talo; lot, tonttl]; autioita aautnja 
waste (1. desert) tracts; autiokai iHtatty 
kyl& a deserted (1. an abandoned) village; 
moa oii ^ fa tyhfn (raam.) the earth was 

. without form and void; tiia on autiona the 
farm is lying waste, -maa waste land. 
-tlla farm lying waste. 

autiua desolateness, desolation. 

automaatti (itsetoimlva koje) automaton, 
automaattlnan automatic. 

automobilli automobile, (Jkpv.) auto; on- 
tomobiiiin afaja (L ajluri) Chauffeur, -kll- 



IIHUIII -. 37 — avalii 

IMilu MitodDobUe) race. -Ulll ffarisre. is of no avail; tbat won't help matters 
-uriieila autoimobUe) ^>ort; rngtomobiiU' any; miinM 9i flofa mMSmtdminmn savin? is 



hmrjmttafm automoblllst. of no use tbere, It won't do any good to 
atttooomla (itsen&isyys) autonomy. save in that case; Bimm H mata kimtta 
aottiA help; (avostaa) aid, assist; succor; (et vol) you can not deny, (ei hyOdyU) 
lend a (helping) hand; (tukea) support; there is no use your denying, it's no use for 
(korJaU) remedy, relieve; (hyOdytt&&) you to deny; tutmtko miUa matmtnksi (rilt- 
be or use (1. avail), avail, boot, benefit, t&&kO se sinuUe) wiU (1. does) tbat help 
profit, do good; (pelastaa) rescue, (olla you out? will that do for you? will that 
mukaoa vaUnittamassa) contribute [to..]; serve your purpose? etf««fi mi mutm mnHU 
be conducive [to ..]; (kelvata) do, be mikUUn (tAmft on mennyttft) this is be- 
good, serve; (edistM) further, promote; yond help (1. past remedy), nothing can 
'^ Joita)ku<U) oMonn (I. dltMrn) help be (I. there is nothing to be) done here 
one to get a start, give one a start any more; viha oU plan mutmHu the fault 
(1. a lift), put a p. on his feet, start was soon remedied, things were soon put 
one out, (eslm. liksyja kuulusteltaessa, (1. set) straight, things were soon put to 
nAsrttimOllft y. m.) give one a cue, prompt rights; vMMn m mimta '^ little will that 
one; '^ jotakuta hodassa help (1. aid) help me, that won't help me much, that 
one In need; relieve one; '^ Jotakuta A«- is not of much use to me, I won't have 



help one to mount (1. on much use of that, 

his horse), assist one in mounting; ** auttaJa helper, aid(er); supporter; (avus- 

Jotakuta jb f o f lfgf help one to his feet, taja) assistant; coOperator. 

set a p. on his legs (1. feet); -^ iatm- auttamaton 1. (Jota ei voida auttaa) past 

kaim i—mkin (\, hnkin fkmmda—a) help (1. beyond) help(lng), (korJata) irremedi- 

one to do a th.. assist one in doing a th.; able, irreparable, irretrievable; (parantu- 

•^ Jotakuta hmrkmammmn ks. ^ pakoon; '^ maton) mcurable, irreclaimable [ drunk - 

Jotakuta Imkmtmmmn help one to read, assist ard, Juoppo], (tavoiltaan) incorriiglble; 

one in readhig; ^ Jotakuta htaen oiktf (Jota el voitu v&lttftft) inevitable [mistake, 

immmmm help one to his rights, help (I. erehdys]; S. (Joka el auta) unwilling to 

assist 1. aid) one in getting his rights; help; ^ msia a matter which cannot be 

^ Jotakuta pmk^on help (1. assist) one to helped (1. remedied), a matter beyond 

escape (1. get away); -^ Jotakuta ptdmsta correction; «vefaiiMie«omafi Itocptfncn hope- 

help one out of a dilemma (1. quandary) ; lessly obstinate. 

"^ Jotakuta pMaMmmaMn oUhran [kmvommn auttainatta « auttemattomastl; minun aut- 

—Ifcgtfw] ks. «« alkaim, h«voMB selkMIn; tamattani Without my help (1. support 1. 

•^ Jotakuta ■■■win fm^aUn help one to a assistance), unaided by me. auttainatto- 

th.. help (1. assist 1. aid) one In getting maati beyond help, irretrievably, incurably; 

(1. obtaining) a th. [huom. myOs: ^-^ /o- hopelessly, auttamattomuut being beyond 

tmkmim ■■ iwn tmkkia yltasn help one help, Irreclaimableness; incurability, 

off With (1. help one to take off) his auttamlnen helping, aiding, assisting Jne., 

coat; -*• h^akutm Bua m mn n tmkki ylimmn vrt. auttaa; rendering assistance; help. 

help a p. on with his coat, help (1. as- auttamltkelno way (1. means) to help; 

sist) one in putting (1. getting) on his remedy; expedient. 

coat]; -^ fktmaan hku Uoiamkai aid (1. autUva helping; (Joltinen) passable, fair; 
help) m making one glad, contribute (1. myOs -> auttavainan; mttaoan hyvU fair- 
add) to one's happiness, be conducive to ly good; muttrnHm kyvin tolerably well, 
one's happiness; *' Joku Johonkin toimmen autUvalnen (avulias) helpful, ready (1. 
help one to a position, help (1. assist 1. willing) to help. autUvaituut helpfulness, 
aid) one in obtaining an>osition; -^ e*^- autuvaati (JoltisestI) passably, tolerably, 
aimmm (\. tminan tmiataan) Join [in .., fairly. 

joflsakin], assist (1. help) each other. Join autuaaksiukevi(lnen) saving [faith, uskol. 

efforts (1. forces); maim en aiHM mutattn (I. autuaalllnen blessed [time, aika] ; (onnelli- 

tmtaa aOlM maiatmkai) that Will help mat- nen) supremely happy, blissful [smile, 

ters (1. thmgs out), tbat will remedy mat- hymy}. autuaalllaetti blessedly, blissfully. 

ters (1. relieve the situation), that will autuaallisuua (state of) bliss, blessedness, 

fix the matter; «i maim mtra kuin tottala- suppreme happiness, felicity; vrt. autuus. 

tmimmn there Is nothing to do (1. no other autuaaati >= autuaallUasti; -^ nMMkmhianat 

way out) but to obey, there Is no other (usk.) dead and gone to glory, fallen 

alternative than obedience; mi kMnmn asleep in the Lord, autuaa — autuaalllnen; 

>■■■ ■ — w matm ruvmim vSitimiamaan it mutnmmt the blessed; fnffa auttMmmkai 

wonn do to enter (1. there is no use get- (ream.) be saved, autuus blessedness, bliss, 

ting) into an argument with him; mi am felicity, beatitude; eternal happiness, (usk.) 



it does not help any, it is salvation; mntnuiani kauttm as I hope to be 
(of) no use (1. no avail), it won't do any saved! upon my soul ! autuuttaa save, make., 
good, it avails nothing; Mbi mi oie vUkHa- eternally blessed, beatify, autuutumlnen 
M mataitu a little will not do for him, a » autuutua. autuutUva saving [faith, us- 
Uttle help won't do hlro any good; hUnta ko]. autuutus salvation, beatification. 
«f 9mi anMM mikUtm ^ there is no more auvo Joy, happiness, bliss, rapture, auvoi- 
hope for him, he is beyond (all) hope (1. nen full of Joy. Joyous, auvoton Joyless. 
help), (pelastaa) nothing can save him cheerless; dull. 

any more; aainun ai maim pHpyM kmuam- avaaja: oi^an *« one Who opens (1. opened) 
pmm it won't do for me to stay any longer; the door; aiimian *- (kuv.) eye-opener. 
mdta aa -^ What good will it do? of what avaamaton unopened; (suljettu) closed. 
benefit (1. good) Is it? what's the use avaaminen opening Jne., vrt. avata. 
(Of it)? mtita aa -^ mimm what good will aval men llehtl key-bit. bit (1. web) of a 
it do roe? what shall I be the better for key. -reiki key- hole. 
It? what help would it be to me? niin avalmeton . . without a key. 
facta kuim J m rn rn d m mimm aoftaJboon so help avaln key; (mus. myOS:) clef; fonkin '^ 
me Ood, <5od knows; •• muHoi (myOs:) it key of [esim. katton ^ key of a watch; 
bad a good effect: aa ai maim maima that lukon '^ key Of a lock]. (Joka avaa) key to 
won't do any good; that's of no use, that [eslm. mrvottMhaan '^ key to a riddle. 



avainklmppu 



— 38 — 



avorlnUln«n 



(myOs:) clue how to solve (1. to the 
solution of) a liddle; Gibraltar an Vtfl- 
maran >•* Gibraltar is tbe key to the 
Mediterranean; avan ^ key to the door]. 
-kimppu bunch of keys, -rangat key-ring. 

avajaltat (grand) opening; opening (1. In- 
augural) ceremonies; vrt. seur. 

avaJaityjuhlallltuudat opening (1. Inaugu- 
ral) ceremonies (1. solemnities), -puha 
address at the opening of . . , opening ad- 
dress (1. speech) ; (tervehdyspuhe) ad- 
dress or welcome, (koulujen lopettajai- 
slssa:) salutatory address. 

avanto hole in the ice. 

avara wide [world, maallma; sleeve, hiha] ; 
broad; vast, extensive; (tllava) spacious; 
luonnon <« ayii nature's ample lap. -hihai- 
nan . . with wide sleeves. 

avartaa widen [the gulf between . .. kuilua 
Joidenkin v&lill&], (Joka suunnalle) ex- 
pand [an empire, valtakuntaa] ; (laaJeii- 
taa) extend [the range of one's knowl- 
edge, tietopilriftftnl ; enlarge, avaruminan 
widening, expanding: expansion; exten- 
sion, avartua widen (out), get wider; open 
out;^ expand, avartumlnan widening (out). 

avaruut wideness, breadth; reaches; ampli- 
tude, extent; (tllavuus) spaciousness; 
(ilman-) space; vrt. maailman'*'. -mitta 
cubic measure. 

avata open [a store, puoti; ranks, rlvit; 
one's eyes, silmftnsft; the door for one, 
ovl Jollekulle; one's heart to a p., syda- 
mensft Jollekulle]; lay open; undo [a 
bundle, kftftrO (1. mytty) ; a knot, solmu], 
(vet&maira) pull .. open, (murtamalla) 
break . . open; (sateenvarjo y. m.) put 
up; (kuv. myOs:) disclose; *» (kannelli- 
nen) aatia uncover a vessel; -' (vesljohdon) 
hana open the faucet, turn on the water; 
'^ kokoua (myOs:) call a meeting to order; 
-•^ [pullon] korkki (I. Hdppa) uncork [a 
bottle] ; ~ laatikka Open a box, (ottamalia 
kansi pois) take off the cover of (1. un- 
cover) a box, (pllrongln y. m.) open a 
drawer, pull a drawer open; *' [ovl] /«- 
ka9ta unlock [a door]; ~ [takkinsa] no' 
pUta unbutton [one's coat] ; ~ avaa (olla 
avaamassa) be opening the door, (raot- 
taa) open the door a little, vrt. seur.; 
'^ avi raollaan set a door ajar; ** poffo 
open.(l. uncork) a bottle; *« rtmmia per- 
form a post-mortem (1. an autopsy) ; open 
(1. dissect) a dead body; --^ [ovl] aalvaata 
unbar (1. unbolt 1. undo) [a door] ; ^ 
oiuiBta ks. pKllstlUI (aukl 1. siteista) ; '-' 
aolmu untie (1. undo) a knot; ^ [lanka] 
aaimuMia untie (1. undo) a knot [in a 
thread] ; «• avaa al/mtfmmc nUkamiiiin 
that will open our eyes to see; vattiapSti- 
pdi tntavat aoatiavikai the Diet Will be 
opened. 

avaut opening, undoing Jne., vrt. avau; 
ks. myOs: ruumiin'*'. -puha — avajaispuha. 

avauttaa have . . opened (1. pulled open 1. 
undone Jne., vrt. avau) ; *« nnunis have 
a post-mortem performed (on a dead 
body), have a cadaver dissected. 

avautua open, come open; (laajeta) open 
out [on the left, vasemmalla], spread out; 
(llmestyft, nftyttftytyft) open up; avautid 
silmiamma ataan (myOS:) opened to (1. 
broke upon) our view. 

avio marriage; (lak.) wedlock; ks. ottaa 
(avioksl). 

avlo- (yhd.) married, wedded [esim. -cf&nA 
married (1. wedded) life; 'pari married (1. 
wedded) couple; 'Vaimo wedded wife]; 
marriage reslm. 'vuodm marriage bed], 
connubial [esim. -onni connubial felicity], 



nuptial ; ( avioUltto- ) matrimonial, 
divorce. 

avioinan (yhd.) ks. monW, yksi--'. avloi- 
auut (yhd.) kS.monlaviaUuns. ykslavloUaua. 

avion itonBaata ks. naimaasta. -lupaua — 
aviolupaus. -rikkoja adulterer; (nainen) 
adulteress. 

avioliitto marriage; matrimony; (lak.) 
wedlock; (avioel&mft) married life. 

avioliitto- (yhd.) matrimonial [esim. -tw- 
mi9to matrimonial agency 1, marriage; vrt. 
naima-. -kuuiutua publishing (1. an- 
nouncement) of the banns (of marriage), 
-lainaiidinti legislation regulating mar- 
riage; marriage laws, -romaanl story (1. 
romance) of married life, -aopimua agree- 
ment entered upon before a marriage, 
pre-nuptial agreement (1. contract). 

aviollinan matrimonial: conjugal [fidelity, 
uskollisuus], connubial: nuptial; marital; 
avioUiBat valvoilinmdat marital duties. 

avioOiupaut promise of marriage; aviaiw 
ptrnksan rikkomisatta for breach Of prom- 
ise (of marriage), -miaa (wedded) hus- 
band; (naimisissa oleva) married man. 
-onni matrimonial happiness, -puoliao 
consort, spouse; aviopuoiiaot husband (i. 
TMn) and wife, married couple (1. pair). 
-rikot adultery; aviorikaksan Ukii& (I. 
uhnyt) adulterer, adulteress, -alippa 
(leik.) better half. -aUty the married 
state, matrimony. 

avioton Ulegitimate; bom out of wedlock, 
bastard [son, polka]; <« lapsl illegitimate 
(1. natural) child, bastard, avlottomaail 
illegitimately, out of wedlock. 

avo: aooB»a atdn with one's mouth widu 
open (1. stretched), agape. 

avo- (yhd.) bare- [esim. 'kaaiainan bare- 
necked; 'gUSrinan barelegged]; open 
[esim. 'fnmva open wound; -vana open 
boat; -oaai open water]. 

avoimatti openly; freely, without reserve; 
(vllplttdm&sti, rehellisestl) squarely, 
frankly. 

avoln open [letter, kirje; account, till]; 
(tftyttftmattA oleva) vacant [position, vir- 
ka]; '*' luoHo unlimited credit; '*' puha- 
valta free voice; '^ vaitakirla unlimited 
power of attorney, carte blanche; '-' virha 
(myOs:) vacancy (in office); a^aiman 
ovn politiikka the open-door policy; opoi' 
min gUmin [sylin, avin] with open eyes 
[arms, doors]; avainna open, (virasta y. 
m.) vacant [esim. on at^nna kaikiita is 
open for all; paikka en opoinna aintm 
vaHan the place (1. position) is held open 
(1. is reserved) for you; virka en avdnna 
the office is vacant, the position is open] ; 
hHnaiiU en --^ sitmM ndkamiUin he has an 
eye open to [the beautiful, mikft on kau- 
nista], he is keenly alive [even to his 
own faults, omlakin virheitftftn]. 

avolljalkainan barefooted. -Jaloin barefoot. 
-jiA loose (1. open) ice. -mlallnan open- 
hearted, open (and aboveboard), frank, 
candid, unreserved, ingenuous [character, 
luonne] ; olla avomiaiinan iotaknta kak" 
taan be Open (1. frank 1. candid) with one. 
-mlalltaati openly, frankly, candidly, 
-mlaiityya open-heartedness; openness, 
frankness, candor; Ingenuousness. 

avonainan open [vowel, vokaali] ; (virasta) 
vacant, avonaieatti ks. avolmastL avonai- 
tuut openness; bareness. 

avoOpJMn bareheaded; with the head(s) 
bare; with bared head(s). -pAlnan bare- 
headed, -rinnoin (tav.) with one's neck 
(1. throat) bare, (run. y. m.) with one's 
breast (1. bosom) bared, -rintalnan low- 
cut [vest, liivl], low-neck [dress, puku]. 



— 3« 



with open eyes; (kuv.) open- 
eyed, wttchfully. -euln with one's mouth 
(wide) open; agape, -eydiminen, -eydl- 
inieeni, -eydimiayya ks.avoImUlia«a,-mi«- 
KsMti* -Bi«llsyrs. -eylin witb open arms. 
-vMiiiai open carriage (1. burgry)* buggry 
(L carriage) without a top. -4ineatyt (1. 
V.) standing (1. rising) vote, vote by ayes 
and noes. 

•ftt (hyve) virtue; (anslo) desert, merit; 
(lahja) girt, talent; (ominaisuus) quality; 
m^mi (taipumus) disposition, aptitude, 
(natural) turn; (lahjat) gifts, talents. 

awiiMn (yhd.) ks. hrvXaTitin«ii. 

avvliaMti helpfully; obligingly; (halulla) 
willingly, readily, avuliaituut helpfulness; 
obligingness, avullas helpful, obliging, 
willing to help. 

avMlllaaa: •lie hamkwdlm '^ hmamMn help 
(I. aid L assist) one in . . -ing, cooperate 
with one In . .-ing, lend one assistance (1. 
a helping hand) In . . -ing, (lak.) aid 
and abet one in . . . avullituut assistance, 
cooperation; (lak.) aiding and abetting. 

avanlantaja (lak.) aider and abeUer. -anto 
(rendering) assistance: help, aid; support; 
(et. bidissa olevalle) relief, succor; (lak.) 
aiding and abetting, -huuto cnr for help; 
(h&ahnuto) cry of distress, -lihetya send- 
ing of help (1. assistance) ; (konkr.) succor. 
-pyyntO request for help, application (1. 
petition) for assistance, -pyytiji one who 
asks (L applies) for help, applicant for 
heh> (L assistance). -eaaJa receiver of re- 
lief, person drawing (i. person in re- 
ceipt of) relief, -starve need of help; Ma 
■ ru w< «i|m i — be in need of help, need 
help, (kovassa) be destitute. -tarvlUIJa: 
mammimrvitBihita oU paUon those needing 
help (1. the needy 1. tne poor 1. the m- 
dlgeot 1. the destitute) were many, there 
were many In need of help. 

awttaa (kannattaa) support; (tukea) back, 
stand by; (auttaa) assist [at a concert, 



konsertlssa], aid; (et. hidAssi olerla) suc- 
cor, relieve; (olla avustamassa) cooperate 
[with one In . . -Ing, Jotakuta Jossakini , 
take part [In a play, nftsrttelemlsessaj; 
(antaa llsAapua) contribute; ^ /oeaMn 
foUakin contribute something to . .; '^ 
Jotakln (1. JotakuU) rmhaUiaeMti sup- 
port . . financially, give financial backing 
to, lend financial assistance to . . , (jota- 
kuta, tilapftisesti) help one with money, 
give one pecuniary assistance; '^ Mmoma- 
Uhdmrn^U be a contributor to a newspaper; 
'^ 94momai€hfM [klrjotuksillaan] contrib- 
ute [articles] to a newspaper; '^ e«aee«- 
ri99a take part in the play(s), (statlstlna) 
act as a supernumerary; Mnmn aPuMtmmm* 
•mm with his cooperation, in cooperation 
with him; hibUH en tofntmHinHi he must 
be given support, he has to be helped, 
he should receive assistance. 

avuttaja (auttaja) aider, helper; (apulal- 
nen) assistant; (sanomalehden) contribu- 
tor; oUa fonlnm tafntmiana coOperate with 
one, assist one. -laikarl assistant physician 
(1. surgeon). 

avuatamlnen supporting, aiding, assisting; 
contributing. 

avuttukeentarva need of support (1. help 
1. assistance 1. relief). 

avuttua (kannatus) support; (apu) help, 
assistance, aid; cooperation; (hftU-) re- 
lief; (raha-) contribution, subscription; 
IMnmn mvuMtnkamilaan With his support (1. 
assistance 1. cooperation). -Iltu contribu- 
tion list, list of contributors, -palkkio 
(sanomalehtlklrjotuksesta) pay for a con- 
tribution (1. for an article), -ratkikunta 
relief expedition, -tolmanplda measure of 
relief, relief measure, -toiminta relief 
activijty (1. -ties). 

avuton helpless, shiftless; disabled; Inca- 

gable; stranded; mmttomaasa H/oMa in a 
elpless state. In a state of helplessness, 
helpless, avuttomuua helplessness. 



( 



1: Bmbmlim tomi the tower of Babel. 

bebylowlalalwan (a. k s.) Babylonian. 

Baliawa aaart. the Bahamas, Bahama Islands. 

■aljaH Bavaria, baijarliainan (a. ic s.) Ba- 
varian. 

tektaariloppi bacteriology, -pata mass of 
bacteria; source of infection. 

b a kt aa r it bacteria, baktaariton free from 
bacteria, bafctarlologi bacteriologist, bak- 
tarioloflia — bakt««rieppL bakUrlologlnan 
bacteriological. 

tetefiaei (sllrto) balance; (vajius) deficit. 

talaui (taide- 1. n&ytt&mOtanssI) baUet. 
taimljuar ballet dancer. 

Balkan: BmUkmiM kyymya the Balkan ques- 
tion; BmUmmim niamdmma Balkan Peninsula; 
B w i h madm umiH^i the Balkan States; Balkmnin 
m mB r m t Balkan Mountains. 

balkonki (parveke) balcony. 

ka ll ail (kertomalaulu) ballad, -runoua 
ballad poetry. 

batoaml, balaamoida ks. pidsaml, palMUDolda. 

baltllainafi (Itimerenmaakuntalainen) Baltic; 
btdtHmimmt kialmt the Baltic (group of) lan- 
guages. 



bambu (-ruoko) ban^oo. -kappi ban^oo 
cane, -ruoko bamboo. 

banaani (-hedelmH) banana, -katvl banana- 
plant. 

baptitml (usk.) Baptist doctrine, baptltti 
(uudestikastaja) Baptist. 

baptist! I aaarnaaja Baptist preacher, -eau- 
rakunta Baptist church (f. congregation). 

barbaarl (raakalainen) barbarian, barbaari- 
malnen barbarous, barbaric, barbaarl mai- 
auut barbarism, barbaarl nan — barbaarl- 



baromatrl (llmapuntari) barometer, 
barrikadi (katusulku) barricade, 
barvtonl (mus.) baritone, barytone, -lau- 
iaja baritone, barytone. 



(myyjftiset) bazaar, basar. 
batalUI (mm.) basalt, 
batilii (la&k.) bacillus (plur. bacilli). 
batkiialnan (a. & s.) Basque. 
baaao (mus.) bass(o). 
basso- (yhd.) bass [esim. -cMrfn bass clef; 

-Jkl«ll bass string; -rampo bass druml. 

-laulaja bass (singer), -oea bass (part). 

-vlulu bass viol. -Uni bass voice; (basso- 

osa) bass (part). 



bauatii 



— 40 — 



daklamolda 






baUatii sweet potato. 

batitti (vaatelajl) batiste, cambric. 

baduiinl (Arabian alkuasukas) BedouiD. 
-haimo Bedouin tribe. 

Belgia Belgium, balgialainan (a. Il s.) 
Belgian. 

Balgrad Belgrade. 

Bali ks. Iso-B«It, Vllhtt-Belt. 

banadiktililtlluottari Benedictine monas- 
tery, -munkitto Order of St. Benedict. 
-munkki Benedictine monk (1. friar). 

Bangaali Bengal, bangaalilainan (a. & s.) 
Bengalese. Bangaali n-lahti Bay of Bengal. 

bangaaiituli Bengal fire (1. ligbt); (Jkpv.) 
colored fire. 

banaiini (kaasu61Jy) benzine. 

bantllnl- (ybd.) benzine [eslm. -fomppn 
benzine lamp; -mooeceW benzine motor]. 

bantaoli (kem.) benzol (e). 

baraamotti (pftftrynillaji) bergamot (pear). 

Baringin-mari Be(b)ring Sea. Baringin-aal- 
mi Be(h)ring Strait. 

bariiniiiinan resident (I. inhabitant) of Ber- 
lin, barlinitlni 1. Barlllnin-aini Prussian blue. 

Barmudaa-taarat the Bermudas, Bermuda 
Islands. 

Barn Bem(e) ; Bmrnin mipit Bernese Alps. 

barnhapdilaltkoira St. Bernard (dog). 

barylii (-Jalokivi) beryl. 

Baaaamar: B—m^mmrin mmnmtmlmU Bessemer 
process (1. method).. 

bataamariltarit Bessemer steel, -uuni Besse- 
mer convertor. 

baton! (rak.) concrete; beton. 

bigamia (kaksinnaimlnen) bigamy. 

biiaamirotU (el&int.) muskrat. 

biitonihirki bison, buffalo. 

Bilaam: BUmamin maai (raam.) Balaam's ass. 

blijafdi (game of) billiards. 

biljardl- (yhd.) billiard-, pool- [esim. 'hvonm 
billiard -room, pool-room: ^ppUo billiard- 
ball, pool-ball; -phytn billiard-table, pool- 
tablef. -kappi (billiard-) cue. 

bflJardinOpalaaJa billiard -player; pool -play- 
er, -paluu billiard- (1. pool-) playing; (game 
of) billiards. 

biljardillpall (game at) billiards; pool, -puati 
pocket, -aall billiard- (1. pool-) room. 

biljoona (mat.) billion. 

binoml (mat.) binomial. 

bioganaaUlnan: ^ kmhityalaki fundamental 
biogenetic law. 

biografia (el&mftkerta) biography, blografi- 
nan biographic (al). 

biografi-taattari motion -picture (1. moving- 
picture) theater (1. show); (jkpv.) movies. 

biologi biologist, biologla (elo-oppl) biol- 
ogy, biologinan biological. 

Bi0kajan-iaht{ Bay of Biscay. 

Bodan-Jirvi Lake (of) Constance. 

boi kouta, boi kottaarata boycott, boi kotUut, 
boikottaaraut boycott (ing). 



boksarl-kapina Boxer uprising. 

boksau (nyrkkeiUil) box. boksaua (nyrkkel- 
ly) boxing. boksauttaiMi method of boxing. 

bonthuuri (kapotakki, lievenuttu) frock coat. 
Prince Albert coat. 

boorakti (kem.) borax. 

boori (kem.) boron, -happo boric (1. boraclc) 
acid, -aalva boracic salve (1. ointment), 
-vaai boracic acid solution. 

Boania Bosnia, boanialai nan (a. & s.) Bosnian. 

Batporl the Bosp(h)orus. 

boUniikka (kasvitiede) botany, botanlati 
botanist. 

bramiini (indlalainen pappl) Brahman, Brah- 
min. 

Braailia Brazil; Brasilian pdhkimM Brazil-nut. 
braaiiiaiainan (a. & s.) Brazilian. 

braaiijapuu brazil (-wood). 

Brataana Brittany. 

briaadi « prikaatl. 

brikattaaraU briquet(te). brikaiti (puriste) 
briquet(te). 

briijantti (Jalokivi) brilliant; ks. hohtoUvL 

Briunnia (Great) Britain. BrItUin-aaarat 
the British Isles, United Kingdom, brittl- 
liinan I. (a.) British. 11. (s.) Briton; brit- 
tUMiMmt the British, the Britons. 

brodaaraU (ommella koruomp.) embroider. 

bromi (kem.) bromine, bromkaliumi (kem.) 
bromide of potassium. 

browninki (1. v.) Colt pistol. 

brutto (llik.) gross (amount). 

brutto- (ybd.) gross [eslm. -arvo gross 
value: -pajno gross weight; -voitto gross 
profit(s)].^ulo gross income; bmitotntoi 
gross Income (1. receipts 1. earnings). 

Bryatal Brussels. 

bryatali(n)kaall (ruusukaall) Brussels 
sprouts. 

bryttalinllmatto (body) Brussels carpet. 
-piUI Brussels lace (1. net). 

buddalainan I. (a.) Buddhist(lc). II. (s.) 
Buddhist, buddalaltuut Buddhism. 

bufattl (tarjollukaappi 1. -huone) buffet. 

Bukaratt Bucharest, Bukharest. 

builatiinl (iUnotus, tiedonanto) bulletin. 

bulavardi (pulstokatu) boulevard; avenue. 

Bulgaria Bulgaria, bulgarialalnan I. (a.) 
Bulgarian, Bulgarlc. II. (s.) Bulgarian. 

buljonki bouillon; (1. v.) beef-tea, beef- 
broth. 

bumaranki (australialainen heittoase) boom- 
erang. 

buunata wax, polish. 

buuri Boer, Boor, -aoia Boer war. -valtio 

byrokraatti bureaucrat, byrokraattlnan bu- 
reaucratic, byrokratia (virkavalta) bureau- 
cracy. 

byMuittilainan (a. & s.) Byzantine. 

BMmi Bohemia, bddmiliinan (a. & s.) 
Bohemian. 



damatkaarata, damaakolda damaskeen, dam- 
ascene. 

damaakit (sAftrykset) leggings, gaiters. 

Damatkokean-tarit Damascus steel. 

damatti (kllpikangas) dami^k. 

Damoklaa: DamoUmmn ndmkka the sword of 
Damocles, Damoclean (1. Damocles') sword. 

Dardanaliit'fl. DardanmUUn-Balmi ) the Dar- 
danelles. 



darvlnltml (kehitysoppl) Darwinism, dar- 
vinitti Darwinian, Darwinist, darvlnlatlnan 
Darwinian. 

dabat (vastattava) debit, -puoll debit side. 

dabitaarau ks. velotua. 

dabyytti (ensl esiintjrminen) d6but, first 
(public) appearance. 

dakaanut (tiedekunnan esimies) dean. 

daklamoida (lausua) read, recite, declaim. 



^MinaUionl — 41 __ 

5"SSSr <""•> -eclenslon: (Ulvutu.) dlp.„m..ttln.„ diplomatic. 4,p^^^u'!Z 
*?J?~»l'»'r» <!f»'-'steelllnen) decorative d?if-TV"=*'l^- «"Ptem«tl."cC"iS5?y*^' 

JJMMJI (euint.) dolphin. ^ ' d •konh.ltto (urti.) throwing the discus 

J^Hmjjii (sulstomaa) delta. dl.kontMa, dlakontMrau (pankk ) dlscoiint 

*i?!?^f-«". (fc«nsanvaltalnen) democrat J,? "ote, veksell]. diTkoMtiiji' wfcSS/- 

tSSt^^f^"^ Oemocratlc. damokraatU- *»*<»"«"«/a one who dlscmmts IT nSta 

S^J^J'9P''-^ *"? Democratic ~?Sr. Ji"'""*'*''*. I'scounHn? dlakoSttS dliSl 

JUa^}^ !: ^* rt ansan valta) democracy. ' konttl (bank) discount. ■'•"»"»«»• «l»- 

dJSSSL^SnSSl.V"""*!." »»v««) demoralize. J •"»•. diakua discus. 
dSStSSd «MhS™i.i."r*'7^ «««»«,i *»Pon«nttl (isSnnOltsljS) manager. 

*s!J?asJ?.•"is»''»s''^ •"««•?'•«'«"• -- d?RirdXr!""^'^j'> ""^-^o"*- 

jM?n'.%'illS J?,*d,„*fflt Kc'I.Sl'- S^SIHi'T' /.;'»:i""'> »'»»'"'"n (friar). 

SS 4t.w^ssi>rrdetrsr •- "^^'TZSr.^ '°d7i£,i.„.r 

iS!?.' <*«oropuhelu) dialogue ^dramatUe. -""«»"•, aramatiaaMvu 

dSfSLiS 2I«ii'y*«fy»> 0'e»- dritull (volastia) rirkin, wooded (butter-)tuh 

S^SnS?"^"*"*"*' ("»"•) differential SSH^i^'/i'!?.'".*) dromedary. "^• 

dkuSL^i r^« wi?i?i.'''P'2?«"<f- :!"•»*!; «'"•»»• "nos. duet. 

ISrSSatorTJi iii?.ii*.^'-. dlktaattoflmal- dumnlum-kuula (sot.) dumdum (buUet) 

dSS'-V-^^Sl'tiV''''"""'' -y.t""' *""""■-"' »«^»olskSpffiu^,|. 

"JSJ?* **"*"• *''J««««*v«k'".m»arat«) -urt.1 (sulhkukylpy) shower-bath- douche 

x^KTc ^^'^(V ^x°sr<"">- -*""»• %s!is.oVrord'^am-?£'!'''- •"-"'"^- 

*^ " oynamo dynamo. 



•tb-iiwrfien. ^'***"^ *"*• ••"••"P-". (on) th« previous day; .j./w,.,etf otfiff**-.- 

•JjIN) ahead, to the fore; gonkan 1 l«dW^ -. Judging from the fore/oiS"; /Sn.S Jji^^^ 

S;?^<>^it'etn) mrronra(ei^ SfS^, .•^r«" '^'>«/« his pfede?esso'/*(in 

wf? .*m"^*^^^^' "'o^^* a" alonir: fvhfl tIh- b^L^r» twJf. tJ!!!?''*''.- viimmiamn - the last 

w»rd(8). iiiipftfi forwarf!/«i V ■ ^- ^' ^^^' ^'^^ ^^ precedlnif a bernrM tn^ 

-jw tob,"ro7wap5^»'2rfw»..';(Sr:*£ mT^jiis."/.."^""" •'»•'«••"' Vmamn 



•d«llyty« 



49 



HMm^OM md^OytelSMm •imomm be IS Stmposed 
(1. assumed) to taave; kat^m mamiiUm) jo 
'*' as tbe name (already) implies. 

•dellytya (pre) supposition; (ebto) condi- 
tion; (Jobonkin tarvituva ominaisuus) 
qualification; hmllM H nMrtM oioomm mutSSm 
voitom •dmUytykmUi (mabdoUlSUUkSia) tbey 
seem to bave no cbance to win; kSnmitS 
nuuttuu (mhrnn) tarpemiiimet •doUytykamt 
be bas not tbe (required) qualifications; 
l&htimn siitS mdmilytyhmestM, ottM . . assum- 
ing tbat . . , taking (it) for granted tbat . .; 
on mdmUytyhamnS /oUdUit, on fotUtin odmi- 
iytyksenH constitutes (1. is) a qualifica- 
tion for . . , (ebtona) is a condition of . .; 
aiUa odmUytyksmUU, ott& ..on (L under) 
tbe presumption tbat . . , taking: (it) for 
granted tbat . . , supposing (tbat) . . , (eb- 
dolla) on tbe condition tbat . . . 

•delli 1. (adv.) before, in advance; abead; 
(etumaisena) foremost; (aikaisenmiin) 
previously; (yllft) above; 2.(prep.& postp.) 
abead of . . , in front of ... in advance 
of . . , before . .; ~ ptaolenpmpan [lyb. = 
e. p. p.] in tbe forenoon, before noon [tav. 
lyb. A. M. (sanoista: ante meridiem, en- 
nen puoltapftiv&&) ] ;. J^«flo on tHiH mtnonf- 
Ha -» tbe clock is five minutes fast (1. 
abead); mono 9inS ~ you go first; mimm 
odoUdtd abead (1. in front) of me, (ennen 
minua) before me; niinkmn «« on oonofta 
as said before (1. previously), (yili) as 
said (1. stated) above; oUo iootakumta (l. 
htaktita} '*' (parempi) bave an advantage 
over a. p., bave the advantage, be abead of 
a p. [huom. myOs: olfo ~ mmBta be abead 
of otbers, be in tbe lead]; on mhmnMo (\. 
ojoMtaan) ~ is ahead of tbe times, is in 
advance of the (1. bis) age; on kaakana ^ 
bas a good start, (kuv.) is far in advance 
(1. in tbe lead); pun ~ bead first (1. fore- 
most). 

•delliOkerrottu .. related (1. spoken of 1. 
mentioned) above, -kuvattu . . described 
above (1. in tbe foregoing), -kiviji (edel- 
t&Jtt) predecessor; (hist.) forerunner. 
-kiypi 1. -kiyvi preceding, precedent; 
previous, -mainfttu be fore -mentioned, 
previously mentioned; (etup. lak.) afore- 
mentioned, aforesaid; (yllft-) above-men- 
tioned, . . stated above; mdoitdmoinitwuato 
MyiBts for reasons stated above, for the 
above-mentioned reasons, -oleva forego- 
ing, previous; preceding; viitatmn mdolld" 
oiovaan with reference to tbe foregoing, 
referring to the above, -sanottu ks. edel- 
Ilmainittu. 

•deltiji predecessor; (pyOr&kilpailulssa) 
pace-maker. 

•deltiDkiain, -piin beforehand, in advance; 
previously; before; mdaltUpdin md&rdtty 
predestined. prede8tlnate(d), foreordained. 
-kiviji (hist.) forerunner. 

•deltivi foregoing, preceding, previous; 
(alustava) preliminary, edeltii precede, 

nntnrf^ftf*: niyns ^ BdellyttiUL 

Mfommiiitfi farthftr on. rarther onward (1. 
tt(inft(i.i; ckouenimak'sn rarttier off; (syr- 
mii\) aside, out or ih«i way. edempini 
fanner on (L ah*^a^J)^ (kauempana) far- 
ther off U- awEiy), ai a p^reater distance; 
(f^rj^9»Aj asld(?, out of xhfa way. edempii 
from farther t^rr, from {U at) a greater 
dl^Unce. 

•dtnliJi remnvo farther: oieflft eteenpftin) 
bring forward. aiJvaiire; -- pdlimotkaa In- 
erf^a^o ttio dLstancG. 

^m 1. (efllln) forth, forward; 2. (ainakin) 
^ l^^^i J on til Jt(<*JUv\ lauHelssa:) even; 

rfl -^ <«n v§rtaa, mttU ., 



never as much as to . .; /oo mMUaim hamoi 
^ vOrnhdmhrnolim If I could see even (I. only 
I. but) a glimpse of blm; Miioiwffo *« ni- 
wmoSSm ktrfoUmm witbout even (1. without 
so much as) bebig able to sign bis name. 
-«iittM help, assist; (edistift) forward, 
further, promote, advance, -kisin on, on- 
ward(s), abead, forward(s). -kiypi 
(raam.) ruler (1. governor) of tbe feast, 
-mennyt (kulunut) past, bygone; (kuol- 
lut) deceased, late; odoontonnolndl oOtoInc 
in days gone by, in bygone days, afore- 
time, -piin forth; (eteenpftin) forward, 
on(ward) ; (edelleen) further; /a miim odos- 
pain [lyb. « J. n. e.] et cetera [tav. lyb.: 
etc.], and so forth (1. on), and tbe like. 

•dMti (etupuolella) In front [of . .] ; abead 
[of . .]; before; (tlellft) in the way; aivon 
ionkun «« right before (1. in front of) one; 
hoponon on ** (» valjastettuna; ilmotuk- 
sena:) tbe carriage is waiting; Mn ooloeo 
odmsmdni be is Standing in front of me (L 
before me), (tiell&ni) be stands in my 
way, (valon edessft) be stands between me 
and the light; kmm ^ on pSbAd there are 
clouds over tbe moon, tbe moon Is over- 
cast (by clouds); moiUd on mdmsmSmmm 
oaikoukaUi (tulossa) there are difficulties 
before (1. abead of I. in store for) us, (vas- 
tassa) we are going to meet with (1. en- 
counter) difficulties; oikoudon ** before 
the court, in court; pmrompio aUtola on -^ 
better times are in store (1. ahead), (toi- 
vottavissa) there are prospects of better 
times; aoUainon iokidoM on odosoSni (Odot- 
taa) such a task awaits me (1. is before 
me), (on annettu minuUe) such a problem 
has been put (1. laid) before me. 

•dettakainen ks. takaporoinon; '^ Uppu ks. 
(roeno- Ja) pahiupilottL 

•detukaitin to and fro, back and forth; 
(esim. matka) there and back; (sinne tftn- 
ne) about; matka makaaa -^ 8 doUaria the 
trip costs 5 dollars both ways (1. there 
and back). 

•deati from before, from tbe front of; (tlel- 
tft) out of the way; (puolesta, tftbden) 
for; (arvosta) to tbe value of, worth; 
(Jonkun sijaan) in place of; «« aaki olmva 
open at the front (1. in front); Iron mo 
vtmhat ^ kaadummo when we Older ones 
are gone; olon IdhoHdnyi h&nmt odoatdnl 
I have sent him as my substitute; polo ^ 
(get) out of tbe way! make way! viidan 
Bmntin '^ for five cents, five cents* worth 
[of candy, makeisia]. -kiain 1. -piin from 
before, from toward the front; vrt. otu- 
puolelta. 

•detOvettaukaeliinan responsible, -vettaua 
responsibility; MUimon odmmvaHatMkmmn 
uhalla (lak.) under tbe penalty of the law. 
-vaatuu « odosvasuus. -vaatuullinen re- 
sponsible, -vaatuuillauua responsibility. 

•deavaatuunOalalnen responsible, answer- 
able, liable, -tunne feeling of responsibility. 

•desivaaiuuton free from responsibility; ir- 
responsible, -vaatuuttomaati irresponsibly. 
-vattuuttomuus freedom from responsibili- 
ty; irresponsibility. 

edeavaatuuvaatlmus demand tbat a person 
be haled before the court. 

•deti advance, proceed, move (1. pass 1. go) 
on; progress; (etup. sot.) push forward, 
march forward (1. on) ; (loitota) draw 
away; drift away; *« poiapdin move (1. 
drift) away; *« eo^olotaon move apart, di- 
verge: ktdnka pitkdllo on aaia odannyt how 
far has the matter progressed (1. advanced 
1. gone) ? laiva ofonoo rannaata the ship is 
drawing away (1. pulling out) from shore; 




•4toU 



— 43 — 



•tfutUJa 



mimm— the troop idTtnces (1. 
pusbes forward). 

•il«l« means of adyancement; furtberer. 
•tfleiykefllineti progressive, edittykeenmiea 
prorresslTe man. edlttymlnen advance- 
ment, progress ( ion ) ; improvement; (ke- 
lUttymlnen) development. edistymitAn un- 
progressive; slow, backward [pupil, oppi- 
Las]. edleiyniiitAmyya unprogressiveness; 
backwardness, edittynyt advanced; pro- 
rresstve; la^ on iMMtuM nMhdmm hyvin 
mJimtynyt the Child is very forward (1. is 
far advanced) for bis age; on mMmtynemm" 
amaOM matiottm (pitemmiUe pUssyt) is 
farther advanced, (korkeammalla) stands 
on a higher level (1. plane), Is on a more 
advanced stage; vrt. •dUtyS. 
•4Mya progress, advancement; (parannus) 
Improvement; (uudlstus) reform; •ditty^ 
tM k mt w mMim a m progressive, -askel forward 
step, step in the right direction, improve- 
ment, -halttlnen eager to advance, ambi- 
ttoos; progressive, -harrastua interest in 
advancement, spirit of progress, progressive 
tendency, -mahdolllattaa possibility oT 
progress (L advancement L development). 
•dleiyamlellnen progressive; '^ miM a man 
of progressive Ideas; '^ puoiam ks. •dls- 
tyapooliM. edlttyaiiilellay ye progressiveness. 
etfiaiytlpMolue (Yhd.) the Progressive par- 
ty; (useissa Europan maissa:) the progres- 
sives, -puoluelainen member of a pro- 
gressive party. -pyHnndi 1. -rlennoi work 
for progress, mterest in advancement; pro- 
gressive tendencies, -rlentolnen progres- 
sive, -iyd work for the advancement [of 
the people, kansan hyviksl] ; reform work. 
etftatyitlii advance, further, promote; push 

J forward); Improve; develop; vrt. •dUtli. 
Ittyvi(iiien) progressing, advancing; pro- 
gressive; '^ •PP^OT quick (1. bright 1. 
promising) pupil. 

etftatyi make progress [in one's studies, 
oplnnoissaan] , progress; advance, proceed; 
(saJua) get on, go on; (vaurastua) get 
on m the world, improve (I. better) one's 
position; become better off; (menestyi) 
thrive, proq>er; (kasvaa) grow, increase; 
(kehlttyft) develop; (oplnnoissaan y. m.) 
iSDprove [greatly in (one's) English, suu- 
resti englannlnklelessi; in knowledge, tie- 
dolssa]; (tulla edistetyksi) be promoted 
(L advanced 1. furthered) ; '^ hyvin make 
good progress (1. headway); kmippa •dia- 
try the trade (1. the commerce) Is being 
promoted (1. advanced): kma^mpM mdUtyy 
the town is prospering. It is a rising town; 
mIToti 0M9tyy ty^oi (sujuu) how are you 
getting on (1. along) with your work? 
how goes the work? now does your work 
progress? •ppUmm on hmammttmvmmti mdimiy 
myt the pupil has made remarkable prog- 
ress: ty9 H 0im pUkMUm mdiaiynyt the 
work is not far advanced; ty9 mMmtyy W- 
potmH the work is going on briskly (1. Is 
carried on with all dispatch). 

edIeCUi promoter, furtberer, encourager. 
•d let imlnew advancement, promotion, fur- 
therance; encouragement; yhdUtyhMmn e«r- 
km i w M t w m mdiaUbmUmhai for the furtherance 
of (I. to further) the aims and purposes 
of the association, edietimlakeine means 
to promote, way of furthering. •dletimltSn 
not proox>tlng, non- conducive, edlttivi 
furthering, promoting; /oeaMn mdiatMpM 
(myOs:) conducive to . . . edittivletl: Mrf- 
kmM tHhmt mdUt^pUH had the effect of 
advancing (1. furthering) It. 

edieiaa further, forward, promote. advance: 
encourage: (kehittU) develop; (vledA 
eteenpiln) bring (L carry) forward, push 



(forward); (suosla) favor, patronise, sup- 
port, give countenance to; (vaurastuttaa) 
improve, better; (lisftnft) help on, aid, be 
conducive to . . ; (osaltaan) contribute [to, 
Jotakinl; '-> kmhityta further (1. encour- 
age) the development; >•* Jonkln ll»a&iey- 
miata contribute to (1. be conducive to) 
the increase of . .; ^ &»tdtaan yhtaiakuntum 
hyvinpointia do one's part (1. share) to- 
ward the welfare of the society, contribute 
to the welfare of the society; -^ Jonkun 
parmata do everything for a p.'s good (I. 
best); lr«f/e '^ the clock is fast. 

editee along the face (1. front) of; ma Ind- 
fimma kirk»n '^ we passed in front of the 
church; partaLdan ^ by (1. In front of) 
the stairs. 

edukat ~ •diallia«B. 

edukeeen, eduktl ks. •to. 

edullinen advantageous, profitable ;(hy6dyl- 
linen) useful; (tuottava) lucrative, remu- 
nerative; (suotulsa) favorable; (viisas, 
puolletuva) advisable; [osujalle] '-' kau^ 
pm (good) bargain; -« tmrioua (my^s:) 
liberal offer; adtdUaai ahdoi (myOs:) lib- 
eral terms; en adtdliata lalUkoUa is to 
one's advantage, is advisable for one. edul- 
lleemmln to greater advantage, more prof- 
itably, edullleetti to one's advantage; prof- 
itably; favorably, eduliltimmin to the (1. 
to one's) best advantage; most profitably. 
adullltuue advantage(ousness), profitable- 
ness; advisability. 

eduekunnallinen relating to the diet; par- 
liamentary; (edustuksellinen) representa- 
tive [form of government, hallitusmuoto] : 
(perustuslalllinen) constitutional: '-' ty6 
work in the diet. 

•dutkunnanmuutoa change in the system of 
representation. 

eduekunta (alkumerk.) representative body; 
(edustajahuone, eslm. Ranskan) (mamber 
of Deputies; (valtiopftivAt) diet; vrt. kon- 

£r«ssi, p«rl«m«iittl; adwiakunnaaaa in the 
et. -enemmlsiA majortty of the diet, -eei- 
tye bill (presented to the diet), -ketkue- 
tdu discussion (1. debate) in the diet. 
-laltoe representative body; system of rep- 
resentation; adnakufUdimHokaan wntdiatua 
reform of the system of representation. 
-muoto form of representation. -plitOa 
resolution of the diet, -talo house of the 
diet, diet building, ^yd work in (1. of) 
the diet, -uudlaiua reform of (I. in) the 
diet, -vaalit election to the diet; general 
election, -valtalnen constitutional. 

•duamiehyyax Jomkwm '^ one's position (1. 
office) as a representative; one's position 
as an attorney (1. a proxy): (edusmies- 
kelpoisuus) one's eligibility to the diet. 

•duamlea (edustaja) representative; dele- 
gate; (valtiopaivftmies) member of the 
diet; (edustajahuoneen jftsen) deputy; 
(valtuutettu) authorized agent, proxy, at- 
torney, -etidokaa candidate for the diet. 
-kelpoltuua eligibility to (1. for) the diet. 
-oikeua ks. •dustusolkevs. 

•dutta place In front of . . . front (side). 
face; iotMn aduatatta, adaatalla in front 
Of . . , before . . , (Ifthellft. Ifthelle) by . . . 
close by (1. to) . .; Mvaato on Halaingin 
aduMtaUa the fleet lies outside (1. In front) 
of HelSingfors; taottarin adaatalla oii ka- 
HiMntynyt potion pakaS a large crowd had 
gathered in front of the theater; poidan -^ 
shirt front. 

•duttaa represent [one's constituents, vallt- 
sijoitaanl; stand for [more liberal views, 
vanaumpfa mlelipIteitJlj. 

•duttaJa representative; (Johonkln kokouk- 
seen y. m. lihetetty) delegate; vrt. tdMf- 



•dutUJahuon« 



— 44 — 



ehkiItU 



mi«s. -huon« 1. -kamarl (Ranskan) Cbam- 
ber of Deputies, -kokout convention, meet- 
ing- of deleg-ates. 

•duttajanvaall election or a representative 
(1. a deleg-ate) ; election of a member to 
tbe diet. 

•duttajagpaikka seat (in tbe diet, congress 
Jne.). -ryhmi group of representatives, 
-toimi functions of a representative (1. of 
a member of tbe diet), -velvollltuudet 
duties as a member of tbe diet (1. as a 
representative). 

eduttajitto tbe representatives; representa- 
tion. 

•dutumaton not represented, unrepre- 
sented, •duttainineii representing; (Jonkin 
asian y. m.) standing for. eduttava repre- 
senting; representative. 

•duttuktellinan representative [government, 
ballitusmuoto]. 

6duttut«representation. -oikeut rigbt to rep- 
resent, rigbt of representation, -valvolli- 
•uut duty to represent; duties as a repre- 

•dut ks. etu. aduton disadvantageous, un- 
profitable; useless, of no use (1. good). 
•duttomuut unprofitableness, uselessness. 

••banilpuinan ebon, (of) ebony, -puu ebony. 

•ekkerl (Amer. suom.) acre. 

Eemali Emile. 

Eanokki Enocb. 

eaplllinan epic [poetry, runous]. aapoa epic. 

••tpiin (run.) » adespXiii. 

eatililnen (siveysopillinen, siveelllnen) etb- 
ic(al). 

•attar I (kem. & fys.) etber. aattarlnan 
ethereal. 

Eava Eve. 

Egaan-mari ks. Algela(n-meri). 

Eaypti Egypt; EgypHn pimeys Egyptian 
darkness, aoyptlliinan (a. & s.) Egyptian. 

ahdokaa candidate; mhdokkaakai emitetty (I. 
nimiimtty) hmnkiUS, nominee; asetfoa John 
mMokkaakBi johonkin put one up (1. for- 
ward) as a candidate for . . , nominate one 
for [president, presidentinebdokkaaksl] , 
run a p. for [an office]; pomfBturin -» 
candidate for (the office of) mayor. -Iltta 
1. -luattalo list of candidates. 

ahdokkuut candidacy, candidature. 

ahdollapano (placing in) nomination. 

ahdollinan conditional [pardon, armahdus] ; 
provisory; vrt. uhalliaen. atidoUitaatl con- 
ditionally, ahdollltuut conditionality. 

ahdonialalnan tentative, optional; (ehdolli- 
nen) conditional; mhdonaiainmn Mipaa« con- 
ditional freedom, parole, -valta (vapaa 
valinta) liberty of choice, choice; option. 

alidotalla make (1. submit) proposals, offer 
propositions, ahdotalma proposition ; project. 

•hdoton unconditional; unqualified [lie, 
vale], absolute (1. peremptory) [necessity, 
vftlttftmfttt5myys] ; positive [truth, totuus; 
demand, vaatirous; duty, velvolllsuus] ; 
(sokea, tflydellinen) implicit [confidence, 
luottamus; obedience, kuuliaisuus] ; (tinkl- 
m&tOn) uncompromising; indispensable; 
(rajaton) arbitrary; (kategorinen) cate- 
gorical; '^ mnmmmigtb absolute (1. un- 
auestioned) majority; «« ridtim total 
bstainer; '^ raittiua total abstinence; ** 
varmwau (myOs:) posltiveness; mMotioman 
varma absolutely sure (1 certain), positive 
[of a th., Jostakin], peremptory; mhdotto- 
man viUttiimUtSn absolutely necessary. 

ahdottaa propose [a th. to one, Jotakin Jolle- 
kulle]; (alistaa) submit; (huomauttaen 1. 
neuvoen) suggest; (tehdft esltys, kokouk- 
sessB y. m.) move, make a motion, motion; 
(eslttft&, tarjota) offer; '^ €uia niin iUri^a- 
tmttUpMkBi propose to have the matter ar- 



ranged (1. that the matter be arranged) 
so; propose such an arrangement (of the 
matter); ^ HyvakayttHpUkMi (suosittaa) 
recommend . . (myds: propose a p.'s name) 
for adoption, (eslm. Joku seuran J&seneksi) 
recommend . . for admission; ** iotakuia 
(I. hku) Sohonkin toinwmn nominate a. p. 
for an office; Mn mhdotti, mtta UihiiMimmm 
kSvmiytlm (my6s:) he proposed a walk, ah- 
dottaJa mover, proposer; tbe person mak- 
ing the motion; /onJUn •hdottt^a one who 
(has) proposed (1. suggested) a th. alw 
dottafnlnaii proposing ; moving ; proposition, 
ahdottautua propose O.S.; (tarjoutua) offer 
(1. tender) o.s., volunteer. 

•hdottomasti absolutely, positively; Inevita- 
bly; unquestionably; categorically; ^ pa- 
raa (myOs:) decidedly the best; '-' rwdtiw 
total abstainer, teetotaler. 

ahdotua proposition, proposal; (kokoukses- 
sa y. m. tehty) motion; (neuvova) sug- 
gestion; (esitys. tarjous) offer: (suunni- 
telma) project [for ... Jokslkin], scheme; 
rnhdotuksmn tmkijs mover, proposer, the one 
who made (1. the person making) the mo- 
tion; Jomkwm •hdotnhamata on tbe suggestion 
(1. motion) of a p. 

ahdyt: UhmH en •hdyktiasS, the cow is (1. 
has gone) dry. ahdyttii (lehmft) make 
rthe cow] go dry, cause . . to go dry; 
(kuv.) cause to run dry (1. short), cause 
to be depleted. 

•hdittii hurry, hasten; vrt. •imittiES. 

ahal heigh! ho! (el suinkaan) no, no! no. In- 
deed! certainly not! 

ahaya entireness, wholeness; (koskematto- 
muus) Integrity; (kuv.) perfection; har- 
mony; soundness. 

ahaA whole; entire; (rlkkomaton) unbroken 
[window-pane, ikkunaruutu] ; (vahingoit- 
tamaton) undamaged: (kuv.) integral, 
well-rounded [character, luonne], (t&ydel- 
imen) perfect, consummate, (sopusuhtai- 
nen) harmonious, (terve) sound, sane 
[view of the world, maailmankatsomus] ; 
** kokomdsmtM a perfect (1. harmonious) 
whole; vrt. ehjX. -luontainan . . with a 
well-rounded (1. harmonious) character, 
-piirtalnan (henkilOstft:) .. with regular 
features; well-rounded Fstbry, kertomus]. 
-aointulnan . . with a perfect (1. beautiful) 
harmony; perfectly harmonious. 

•hjyyt = eheys. 

ehji = ehell; mhiin nahoin whole -Skinned, 
unhurt, unscathed; mhiinU (eslm. tavaroista 
puhuen) undamaged, in good condition; '*' 
tahki Awhole coat, a coat without a hole in it. 

ahki perhaps, maybe; perchance; (mahdol- 
lisesti) possibly; '^ viaid auu^mpi per- 
haps still greater, possibly greater yet. 

ahkiitamlnan checking; prevention; re- 
straint; stoppage; ionkin ehUHsmmisekai 
for the prevention of . . , (In order) to pre- 
vent... ahkiitamitOn unchecked, ahkiltavi 
checking; preventive; obstructive, alikii- 
tavitti preventively, as a preventive; iMrf- 
kntttM ehkdiaevasti fohonkin have a pre- 
ventive (1. a checking 1. an obstructive) in- 
fluence (1. effect) upon, give a check to . . . 
•hkiitiji (ehkftisevft aine) preventive. ' 

ahkilttyi be checked (1. retarded 1. restrained 
1. arrested 1. stopped), be imposed (1. ob- 
structed), (verenvuodosta:) be staunched; 
(kArsiH) suffer a drawback; have a set- 
back; "^ kaawmaaan be stunted (1. dwarfed) . 

ahkiltti (pldftttftft) check, retard; repress, 
restrain; (est&ft) prevent, hinder, forestall; 
(asettaa esteit&) impede, obstruct, clog; 
(lopettaa) suppress, keep down (1. under) : 
(pysfthdyttM) stop, put a stop to, arrest; 
staunch [the (flow of) blood, verenvuo- 



•Iikitef 



— 45 — 



•lll«IIUIn«n 



to] ; (torjua) avert; (vtstustaa) counteract, 
counter-mnuence; (tebdft tyhjWcsi) thwart; 
rrostrate; ^ kapinm avert a rebellion, (ku- 
kistaa) suppress (1. put down) a rebellion; 
'■^ [PUU] AMMonoste (I. haavuMMoan) Stunt 
(L dwarf) [a tree] ; '^ Joku trnkmrnOgta /o- 
tmkim prevent (1. keep I. deter) one from 
doln^ a tb.; '-^ Jonkun tmanat thwart one's 
plans (1. designs), cross one's hopes; '^ 
mh k nm m m vmmra avert (1. turn aside 1. fore- 
stall) an Impending danger (1. an inuninent 
peril): «• ehiM— kmhitywts that hinders 
(1. obstructs 1. arrests) the development, 
that acts as an impediment (1. a clog) to 
the development: vmrmnoaotoia mhkiUstaes- 
bS in staunching (the flow) of blood. 

•kkiity checking, reitralning; prevention; 
repression; obstruction; (verenvuodon) 
suunchlng; (kasvun) stunting, dwarfing. 
-Iieiiio preventive (means); precaution. 
-iulli prohibitive duty. 

•kkApi maybe, mayhap. 

•Iio (pA&as. run.) fine, dainty, graceful; 
<ehea. taydellinen) perfect; sterling; mhom- 
pamm •mtiMtSan (L •ntUtd rnhnrnpana) bet- 
ter (1. finer 1. daintier) than before, in 
glorified guise. 

•hu genuine; ^ pMH fast color; vrt. aito. 



eUtiminen reaching; finding time; ks. ehtUL 

eUtimisMn time and again, again and again, 
over and over; constantly, continually, per- 
petually; (lakkaamatta) incessantly; ky 
amUM ** ask over and over, keep asking. 

•Mil (ennftttU) have time, find time; (saa- 
pua) reach, arrive [in time, ajoissa]; (tul- 
la) come; (Jonnekln asti) get [halfway, 
pnoUvillln] ; (tulla ajoissa) arrive (1. 
come) In time; (kiirehtlA) hurry, hasten; 
(edlstyft) advance, proceed; '^ Jonkun 
mvmhai come (1. arrive) in time to one's 
assistance, (rientU) hasten to one's aid (1. 
help 1. relief) ; -^ Jonkun mdmUm get ahead 
(i. in advance) of one; '^ mtuinUUsena p«. 
HOm be the first one to reach the goal (I. 
the destination), arrive first; •* fnnaiU 
fmfmiBMm) be in time for the train, get to 
the train on time, (arrive in time to) catch 
the train; -^ tehda joUn have time to do (1. 
to finish) a th., be able to finish a th. (1. 
to get a th. ready), get a th. done; en mhdi 
ttJtm I have no time (I. I cannot find time) 
to come; kan 9i ol€ pimlM mhtinyt pitkiUim 
kirfmmam Mr/o«e«mlcMM he has not ad- 
vanced (1. gotten) far yet in writing his 
book; Mbi M /o mhtin^ iMhtma, kun mimM 
■ —■pum be was already gone when 1 ar- 
rived; fom mmlmhin mhdin If only I can find 
time; htm mhdim aUhmn asti when I get (1. 
reach 1. come) that far; kuim kaammmakai 
*M« mhH, mitM •wmmjiw . . the farther the 
summer advanced (1. proceeded), the 
more . .; tvakim oUn •htinyt fmoUHehan, 
Am . . I had scarcely got half way when . .; 
vrt. •h^ttli, •naXttll. 

•Itt^ ^-nriitinn: ^snpimTjksen y. mj pravl- 
»i*ju, 'ii|iuia[|iJTi. (rujotus) cittuse. proviso, 
rr^trrcticjn; ipenjaehtn) t-ssetillBi; [pi. .A- 
dti {ntjfm.) Ipmis]; fhdaijf tahdtin (t,1y- 
im itctoi^^tU kni^iwinffly, flp]|J>eraii")y, 
wdliii^ty, ut t*H purpnae, with UtU imffit, 
ti]WnUtM\lkny : HMntild an *hdiM patta UhdS 
mit^n huimmm tm )3 at liberty U. tA Trf^<^> to 
*tn *3 he t>l*.***(?^; mi mmMMn •hdatf^j, on no 
rood it km H. arrouiitJ, by no moarii?^ miUd 
rnhdmHa Of I Mhat ror^dllion? on what torms? 
^s thd^i^ virk^m f f*l\dr,kkii^nti) be a 
tmttunt^ n: H canjfkJatcj > For an ofTJce; 
*fU Jmnkin mhHmm, elltf mht^nQ i©H«fcln b<? a 

eanaiiion tor (l. of) [e^im. mtntnykMtn 



mhiona an sitkmM ty8 hard work Is a condi- 
tion of success, (myOs.*) success presup- 
poses (1. is won by) hard work] ; siUa mh- 
dotta, ceea hdn Idhua on condition that he 
goes, (edellytyksellft) provided that he 
goes, (ymm&rrykseU&) on the understand- 
ing that he goes. 

•htoinen (yhd.) . . with . . terms (1. condi- 
tions) [esim. onltaro^ with hard (1. strict) 
terms; hmlppo^ with easy terms]. 

•Iitoo evening, night; vrt. Uta. 

•htooillnen 1. « UUlUnen; 2. (Herran '-') 
Communion, the Lord's Supper, the Sacra- 
ment, (katol.) the Eucharist, ehtooilitelia- 
itfiyntl (kirk.) communion, partaking of 
the Lord's Supper. 

•htoolllalkalliki chalice; communion cup. 
-ielpi communion bread; host, -paliko 
compulsory communion. -pAyti conmiu- 
nion table, -vierat communicant, -vlini 
sacrament (al) wine, communion wine. 

ehtotapa (kiel.) (the) conditional (mode). 

ehtyminen running dry, drying (up), ehty- 
mitAn (kuv.) inexhaustible, exhaustless; 
unfailing [source, lahde; vitality, elinvol- 
ma], never-falling, ehtyi (maltoa antavls- 
ta eiaimlstft:) stop giving milk, go dry, 
(kuv.) run dry, get depleted (1. exhausted). 

•hyt » eheX. -iaitalnen (kasv.) entire. 

•hittii ks. ehdiittSS. 

•I [an, et, ai, amm; atta, aiv&t] no (vars. 
komp. edellft Ja kieltftv. vastauks.), not; 
(etup. raam., kielt&v. vast.) nay; ai aikaa- 
kaan ktm . . not long after that . . ; ai ai' 
noaataan . . , paan mySakin .. not only .. , 
but also . .; •/ . . aikd . . neither . . nor . . 
[esim. an mind aikd hdn neither he nor 1; 
at aind ankd mind neither you nor I]; 
ai . .'kaan (I. -kddn) not . . either, neither, 
nor [esim. ai hdnkddn ola aan parampi 
neither (1. nor) is he any better; an mind- 
kddn aitd nako I don't (believe it) either], 
(el ainoatakaan) not a [esim. ai piaaraa- 
kaan andd not a (Single) drop more] ; ai 
oia vdlid it makes no difference, never 
mind! ai ainna pdinkddn far from it, noth- 
ing like it; ai piaid koakaan never yet. 
[Sellalslssa lausetavolssa kuin esim. ai ai- 
naakaan, ai adaa, ai kartaakaan, ai mikddn 
y. m. ks. jaiklmftlstft sanaa, slls: ainoa. 
edes, kerta, miklUhi y. m.] 

•ihin: aihdnt? you don't say (so)? -^ taki 
no. Indeed not! certainly not! (el miuaiin 
muotoa) by no means! 

•'"iJ^fi"**' .•'*«' •**' •nunakd, attakd, ai- 
vittkd] = Ja ei, vrt. eL 

•ik6, eikShAn, eik6t: aikShdn oia paraata, 
attd .. wouldn't It be best that . .? don't 
you think It (Is) best that . .? hdn on ai- 
aaraai, aikd niin (h aikd totta) She Is your 
sister, isn't she? aa an kaania, aikSa olakin 
it is beautiful. Isn't it? 

•lien yesterday; -^ aamtdla yesterday morn- 
ing; - aiaUa last night (L evening), (run.) 
yestere'en; - UtapdipdUd yesterday after- 
noon. 

•iien- (yhd.) ks. •ilis-. 

•iilnen I. (a.) . . of yesterday, yesterday's 
[paper, lehti]; '^ ilta ks. eUUilU; '-' pdipd 
yesterday; aiiiaat iuhlat yesterday's festiv- 
ities, the feast of yesterday, ll. (s.) yes- 
terday; ailiaaatd piikko (takaparin) a week 
ago yesterday, yesterday week; ailiatd paa- 
taan ydUd night before last. 

eilltllaamu yesterday morning; ailiaaamtmm 
yesterday morning, -aamuinen yesterday 
morning's [paper, lehtl]. -Iiu yesterday 
evening, last night, (run.) yesternight; 
ailiaiitanm last night (1. evening). -ilUlnen 



•iiitpiivi 



— 40 — 



yesterday evening's, last night's [paper, 
lehti]; maiMtalMn taptau the event last 
nigbt. -oAivi yesterday; miUmpSivHn lapsi 
(kuv.) the child of yesterday; miiUpmaUna 
yesterday; miliapaioHMta Inkimn from yes- 
terday on, beginning with yesterday; vrt. 
clllncn. TT -pllTlfn«ri ycstcrrtay's, of yr- 

yaniii Inst nJ^bt. 

fllno brtioKrast; vrt. aamUlnan; *i min*itii~ 
kaan {hltustakaa^u) not even a blt« not the 
leaat fmte. «lneetdn . . wUUout (ariy> 
breakfast, «in«htiJk brenkrast. 

BipAp «tp&hin, «lpa« = el; i^A^, tipU* oUut- 
haan uhjit tlltl I leil youl there* I tolcJ you so; 

vfttAm&tti Miiaj.siJUtttl>ly* ijiiquiaiitioiiiibiy, 
tjndoubteajy : utitlenJHbly; beyond U. witli- 
oul^ dispute, beyond all gainsnytn)^. «jttA- 
mAtiOmyyt ir];di^i>inai^ilUy» undeiUaJil^^ne!;^, 
ftltUmitl^mtStl - eittjunUttit 

•ittamAtdn uridenlEiblu [tdctp tosiasia] : In- 
dispuubie LlJ'Utb, lutuuiij. Incontestable; 
undlspuied, nncontedted; -^ ntim {my6sL} 
a Tnaui^r beyond dlspuc^^. 

«tttM deny: dispute, contest; vrt. vltittJiJL 

akmiomU i talons; ss^ft^tavitUyys) economy. 
tltompminon economical. 

•ktMmi (rohtuma) eczema. 

•ktpertti (asiantuntija) expert. 

•ktpreati (pikalfthetys) express; ekBpr^w- 
bUmU by express. -Juna (pikajuna) express 
(train). 

•kttrakti (uutos) extract: essence. 

•ktyktlin, •ktyktlaai ks. •ksys. 

•ktyminen losing one's way, going astray; 
erring; (kuv.) deviation, digression, ek- 
tymyt digression; aberration, error, ekty- 
mi (fys.) deviation. •ktymatAn unerring. 
•ktynyt . . gone astray, strayed, stray [bul- 
let, kuula] ; lost [ sheep, lammas], wandering. 

•ktyt: •kmykBiin astray, ks. joutua; rnksyk- 
miin JouHumt Stray, lost; •kMyksiMBH astray, 
out or the right way; •kByksiMMM oimva (i. 
harhailmva) Stray (ing); eksykaigma oiUn 
having lost the way; olla ohayksiMma have 
gone (1. got) astray, have lost one's way, 
be astray (1. lost 1. wandering), (kuv.) be 
on the wrong track, be at fault, be astray. 
•ktytettv . . led astray, misled, misguided. 

•ktyttAmlnen (the act of) leading astray; 
misleading, deception. 

•ktyttivfi (harhaanjohtava) misleading; de- 
ceptive; (hammentavft) bewildering [like- 
ness, yhdenn&kOisyysj. confusing; puz- 
zling: elusive: mkmytt&van yhtaidinmn puz- 
zlingly like, •ktyttivitti in a misleading 
manner; bewllderingly; puzzlingly. 

•ktyttii lead . . astray, mislead, misguide; 
misdirect, (kuv. myos:) deceive, delude; 
(h&mroentftA) confuse, bewilder, perplex. 
•ktytyt misguidance; delusion. 

•ktya go astray, get (1. be) 16st [in the 
woods, metsftftn]; (tieltft) lose o.s. (1. 
one's way); (tulla harhaanjohdetuksi) be 
misled; (erehtyft) err; (poiketa Jostakin) 
deviate [from the right path, oikealta tiel- 
tft], digress; ~ tdifBtaan (esim. puhues- 
sa) wander off (1. digress from) one's 
subject: '-' hmrhauUU be misled; ~ foi«i«- 
taan lose one another, be lost from each 
other; ~ yksityitsmikkoihin lose o.s. in de- 
tails, be lost in a maze of details; nnS 
aksyit totnudaata you Strayed (1. wandered 
1. deviated) from the (exact) truth. 

•kvaattori (p&ivftntasaaja) equator. 

•kvaUioni (yht&ld) equation. 

•lanto living, livelihood; (toimeentulo) sub- 
sistence, sustenance; (elftmft) life, exist- 
ence, -jarjettya manner (1. order) of life, 
(ruoka-) diet, (Ift&k.) regimen, -kuatan- 
nukaat » •liakustamiukMt. -auhtaet con- 



ditions of life, living conditions. -4aM 
manner (1. way) of living, living; vrt. •u- 
mMnUpa. -tarpaat 1. -varat necessaries (1. 
necessities) of life, necessaries of existence. 

•laatinan (klmmoinen) elastic. aUMtiaatil 
elastically. alaatlauua elasticity. 

•iatiivi (sis&eronto) (the) elatlve (case). 

•latus subsistence, sustenance; (elanto) 
living, livelihood; mnamita aimtukaanam n«a- 
lomaila earn one's living by sewing; vrt. 
•lanto, elXt«. -«lneet provisions; victuals, 
(articles of) food, -apu help toward [one's] 
support (1. maintenance), (olkeuslaltoksen 
tuomltsema) alimony; aamda 100 muwkkmm 
vuotttiata ^atuaapum (myds:) receive an 
allowance of 100 marks a year, receive an 
annuity of 100 marks, -huolat weight of 
responsibility for providing the necessa- 
ries of life, worry about earning a living, 
-la ks. kasvatusiaft. -kaino means of liveli- 
hood (1. support), means (1. way) of 
earning a living; vrt. alinkaiiio. - U rp— t 
ks. eliaUrpaat. -vanhammat, ^lil ks. 
kasvatusvanheminat, -KitL 

eia: aiaat gestures, gesticulations, (kasvo- 
Jen) expression, (virneet) grimaces; vrt. 
kasvoiaelaat. 

alafantti (norsu) elephant. -Uuii (Ift&k.) 
elephantiasis. 

alaaia (murheruno) elegy. 

aiainen . . with . . gestures, with a(n) . . 
expression [esim. vOkma^ with quick (1. 
lively) gestures, with an animated (1. a 
vivacious) expression]. 

•laOklell sign -language, -niytalml dumb 
show, pantomime. 

alekaii » aleUS. 

•laktrikko electrician, alaktrolyyai (kem. k 
fys.) electrolysis, alakiromatri (fys.) 
electrometer, alakironl (fys. & kem.) 
electron, alektroskooppi (fys.) electro- 
scope. elektroUknikko ks. sKhkiitakiilkka. 

alalija: ykain'-^ recluse. 

aielia live (on) [in peace, rauhassa], pass 

one's life (1. one's days) [in contentment, 
tyytyvftisenil] ; '^ httoiattammnm lead a life 
free from care, live care free, be In easy 
circumstances; '^ ykainittayyydaaaU (I. 
arakkona) live secluded (1. In seclusion), 
live the life of a recluse; vrt. aUUL 

•lementtf element. 

aleakelia live (on), pass one's life (smooth- 
ly) : vrt. •laUS. 

•ievaattorl (hissl) elevator. 

•ifanluu ks. norsunluu. 

ail, alikki or; 24 ati 2 tuaitum 84 or S 
dozen; vrt. tai. 

alimellinen organic, allmalllsaati organically, 
•iimat ks. elln. alimatAn inorganic. 

•ilmlatd (eliO) organism; (elimet) the or- 
gans; Mnan alimiat6naU ai oia ktamoaam 
his system is out of order. 

•fin organ; alimat organs. 

alinllaika lifetime; (elftmftn pltuus) term of 
(human) life, mortal span, lease of life; 
alinafahai for life; Mnan alinaikanaan dur- 
ing his lifetime: kaikan alimtikmni all my 
life: kaatdU minun alinaikami Will last my 
lifetime, will last as long as I live. -«lkal- 
nan, -alkuinan . . for life; lifelong [sorrow, 
suru ] : vrt. •linkautinan. -^hto condition 
of life (I. for existence); (vftlttAmfttOn) 
vital condition. -IkA lifetime; duration of 
life; aliniSkaaan for (his) lifetime, for 
life: vrt. elinalka. -ikiinan lifelong [cross, 
risti]. . . for life. -Juurat roots of [one's] 
existence (1. life): vitals; kalv^m aan atin' 
jvmHa (kuv.) Is gnawing at its very roots 
of existence (1. is tearing at its vitals). 
-kauai » allnaika. 



•linkautliiM 



— 47 — 



•loUomuui 



•llnkaiitinMi lifelong, life [position, toiml], 
. . for life; held during life; '-' imdiA«o« 
life imprisonment, imprisonment for life; 
'^ voM life prisoner, prisoner for life; 
MiMit virkanma an -^ he hOldS hlS Office 
for life. 

•Ilniiaiitle- (ybd.) .. for life, life [esim. 
-«l«fc« pension for life; 'ty9 work for life; 
-ooiM life prisoner, prisoner for life] . 

•nmtautisMtlfor Ufe. 

ellnlielno (allc.) means of earning a living 
(1. a liveimood), (source of) livelibood; 
(toimi, ammatti) occupation, business; 
Industry. -Atetue ks. •Unk«UioUld. -ilmo- 
tvs report (to tbe government) tbat one 
bas gone into business (for blmselt). 
-lalnMidintA legislation regulating busi- 
ness and industry, industrial and business 
legislation, -lalil industrial and business 
laws, laws (L statutes) regulating business 
and industry, -makau (1. v.) license (fee). 

ellnkelnonharJoit«J« person in business for 
himself. 

•Iliikeinol-olkoua permit to carry on a 
trade, a profession, a business or an in- 
dustry. -vaiMuia industrial freedom, -vero 
license for carrying on a trade, a manu- 
facture or an industry. 

eilnkorko (life) annuity, -laina tontine. 
-vakttutua annuity insurance. 

«nnri(uit«nnukut cost of Itvtng, living ex* 
pMUes. >lijrk¥ir««n viable [fetus, ^IKio], 
i^ art able of rivirtg-; vrt. Altnv^tmKt&vii, -ky- 
ItflafT* (sikldn) viablJlty; {eUnvoimal- 
luus) vitalliy. -kyiymyt qyesilon ut viial 
import unt'e ) ; matter U- quegiiuu) of life 
ana death r yrityk»*ti onniMtuiainwn on A«il|« 
*iinkytymyt lh6 SUCCESS Of the undertak- 
Inf i3 of viifti Importance lo (I. for) ihcm. 
-Ump^y viisi vfirmth. animal tieai. -nttite 
riiai nulfJ* life HuUl. -pAlvit days of 
Inn*"'»^. Itfi?" nrPU^me): en wfinpiiivin&ni 
ol« mmkvmsii ttShnyt nevor In my life (time? 
baire I seen th<? like, (Jkpvj I haven't seen 
the lJk« in all my born eUvs (K ni>v*^p Jn 
all my Uf q) ; Aantit viim*itmt *ltnpaivanta 
tlw }l«t dar» of hU life; vrt. «lonpiivi£. 
«<apa ^ «ii]ii^tBiiL -ttrpMt npcesiartes 
n. hei^essillts) or life; {miionavarat) pro^ 
vi?j<jn?^. sii|!pM^^. ~%A9o !*tiindiinl of llvlnfr. 
-icimUnUj \AAl ruiictioiiiS; viui proctins. 
-voioMi vitai power, vitality: vigor, stami- 
na. -voimaJnen vigorous [plant, kasvl], 
possessing (1. full of) vitality (1. vigor) ; 
live [enterprise, yritys]; (volmakas) ro- 
bust, sturdy; hale, bearty. -volmalaeati 
vigorously; lively, -voimalsuua vitality, 
vigor (ousness); stamina. -voIim — •lin- 
vvimaiiiMi. -vuodet years of [one's] life. 

•119 ajloIJ orfrnntsm. 

E)>aa EJiJsh, K]U-^. 

tija (ktije) (jriink, trick; (olkku) freak; tav. 
pi €lk€*t, #f/*f prank:^, trifks, freaks, (ta- 
vat^ maniierif; vrt, el«et. atkeelllnen mim- 
ir^&i). •Ik*«t kfi. etje, «lk«ilii make (up) 
race:^r (irvli^iell^i' pTimnr*'' eiki ■— elj*. 

•Jkll, vikMn Ks, -Alkjiii^ lUkodii. 

•liel [aOmn, oUmt, mIM, mUmnmm, mUmttm, •!- 
MWtfl if not. in case not. unless; ^ heltU 
•lUi oUui, nUn mc ottsitnmm . . if it bad not 
been for them (1. but for tbem) we would 
have . . . 

•Ilipei (soikio) ellipse, eiilptinen elliptic (al). 

•lloetaA make . . sick, sicken; turn [one's] 
stomach; nauseate; mimm mUomtaa I feel 
sick (1. qualmish), I have a nauseating 
feeling (I. a feeling of nausea), I am sick 
at my stomach. eiloaUva sickening, nau- 
seating [feeling, tunne]. oiloatua nausea, 
qualm. 



elo 1. (el&mA) life, vrt. henld; S. (vilja) 
grain, (Engl.) com; (lalho) crop; efen 
aika harvest (-time), time of harvest; «fo«- 
M ol«va living; o/la «fo«M be alive, be liv- 
ing, (eliUi) live; tSnH vuonna tuli potion 
•foa the crops were bountiful this year, 
(Jkpv.) they (1. we) got bumper crops 
this year. 

eloflalka = •lonailuu -altta granary, -halme 
clearing sown with grain, -hiiri spasmodic 
twitching (1. twitches). 

eiohopea quicksilver, mercury. 

eiohopea- (ybd.) quicksilver, mercurial 
[esim. 'Umapuntari quicksilver (1. mercu- 
rial) barometer; 'myrkytyo quicksilver (1. 
mercurial) poisoning; ^yhdUtya quicksil- 
ver (1. mercurial) compound]; (kem.) 
mercuric, mercurous. -pataaa column of 
quicksilver (1. mercury), mercurial col- 
umn. -«aiva (harmaasalva) blue (1. mer- 
curial) ointment, -vaimiate mercurial pre- 
paration. 

eiolaa lively; full of life; live [man, mies]; 
(vilkas) sprightly, spirited, animated, vi- 
vacious, brisk, (elottomlsta:) vivid [color, 
v&rl; description, kuvaus] ; vrt. vilkas. 
•ioisaati In a lively (1. sprightly) manner; 
vivaciously; briskly; vividly, alolauua 
liveliness, animation, sprightliness, vivaci- 
ty; vividness. 

•ioJuhia harvest -feast, harvest-home. 

eiokaa « eloisa. 

eiokuu August; mloktmn ilta a night in 
August; mlokuun kuutamo August moon. 

•ioliinen living [being, olento]; organic 
[world, maallmaj. eloiiiaaiati vital sense. 

•lomiea man for the harvest, reaper; harvest 
hand. 

•lonDaika 1. (elonkorjuun alka) reaping- 
tlme, harvest (-time); 2. = •linaika. -ha- 
iuinen » el&miinhaluiiieii. -ilmid » elM- 
mMnilmlB. -kipinA spark of life, Vital spark. 
-korjuu harvest (Ing). -korjuuaika = elon- 
aika, 1. -korJaaija ks. elomies. -leikkaaja 
reaper, -ieikkuu cutting (I. reaping) of 
the grain, harvest. -iamp6 ks. •linlilmpo. 
-merkki sign of life. -pAivat days of 
[one's] life; /oa minollo [sllhen asti] «fon- 
pSiviS muodaan, tdon . . If I am spared [till 
then], I am going to . . , God willing, 1 am 
going to ... -retki career, course of [one's] 
life, [one's] life's race; mlonrotkmni varrml' 
la in the course of my life, during my ca- 
reer (I. my life's race), -voimalnen ks. 
•linvoimainen. 

eioonnjAAmlnen survival. -JAAnyt I. (a.) 
surviving. II. (s.) survivor; eloanjfiUinmmt 
the survivors, those surviving. 

elopelto grain-field; (Engl.) corn-field. 

•loaaaoieva living. 

•lostaa -= •lostella. eioateleminen ks. elos- 
telu. eioateiija fast man. man about town, 
debauchee, eloateila lead a loose life, dis- 
sipate; (rlehua, mellastaa) run riot, eioa- 
Uiu dissipation, loose (1. dissolute) life; 
debauchery. 

eioatua cheer up, brighten up. become 
(more) animated, grow (1. get) lively; 
hdnmn kaavonma eiootaivat kaamattavaati 
his face brightened (up) noticeably; vrt. 
•IpyX. eioatuttaa brighten (1. cheer) up; 
enliven, animate; stimulate; rouse, stir up. 

•louikoo(t) bee (to harvest the grain); 
(-juhla) harvest-home, harvest-festival. 

•ioton lifeless; Inanimate [nature, luonto] ; 
listless, spiritless; (llmeetOn) Inexpressive, 
vacant [look, katse] ; (tyls&) dull, elot- 
tomaati Inexpressively, vacantly; mlotto- 
maati tuifottava katBo vacant (1. Staring) 
look, vacant stare, elottomuua lifelessness; 



•lovlrna 



48 — 



want (1. loss) or nttllty; Ustlessness; lick 
of expression, vacancy. 

•lovirna (kasv.) vetcb. 

•Ipyminan picking: up; (J&Ueen-) revival; 
(nousu) rise; (kehltys) development; kir- 
iaUimmdmn /a taiUmn '^ revival Of litera- 
ture and art, revival of leamlngt (hist.) 
Renaissance; tmotUnudmn (voimahoM) "^ 
a boom in the industry. 

•Ipyi wake to life; be revived, be reani- 
mated, be enlivened; quicken; pick up; (ke- 
bittyft) be developed, develop; (kukois- 
taa) begin to flourish, begin to thrive (1. 
prosper) ; (toipua) rally; «« «foon (be) 
revive (d), rally; ^ notccn doon get new 
life, be revived; en nmrm^ti •Ipym&auH IS 
picking up fine, is reviving splendidly. 

•iMtallainan Alsatian. ■iMaa-Lothringan 
Alsace-Lorraine. 

•Itaantua turn (1. get I. become) rancid. 
•Itaantuminan turning rancid, altaantunut 
rancid [butter, voi]; htdtta mltaantimmmita 
have a rancid (1. rank 1. strong) odor, 
smell rancid (1. strong). 

•lukka beast, animal, creature; •iukat (koti- 
elftimet) the animals, (nautaelftimet) the 
cattle. 

•Ivyka stimulus, incentive, incitement, spur; 
(virike) support; antaa •Ipykmtta jolUhin 
animate, enliven, stimulate, add fuel to, 
fan the flame of, vrt. virike. 

•Ivyttimlnan quickening, animation; (hen- 
kiin-) restoration (to life), resuscitation. 
•ivyttivi stimulating, quickening, alvyt- 
tivitti Stlmulatingly; vtdkuttaa mlvyttaP&Bti 
iohonkin have a Stimulating (1. quicken- 
ing) effect upon . . . 

•Ivyttii animate, quicken; (virklstftil) ex- 
hilarate, enliven; (kiihdytt&ft) stimulate; 
(innostaa) mspire; (heratt&ft) rouse, stir 
(up) ; '^ h^nkiin restore [one apparently 
drowned, hukkunut], revive, resuscitate, 
(kuv.) awaken . . to life, vivify, aivytya 
1. = •Ivyttllmliien; 2. = elvyke. 

•ii =» MIX. 

•iihdyttlji one who (1. that which) cheers 
(1. exhilarates 1. inspires). •IJUidyttiminan 
cheering (up); exhilaration, enlivenment; 
(re) animation. eUhdyttivi life-giving; 
vivifying, animating; cheering, enlivening, 
exhilarating; cheerful; inspiring; vrt. vir- 
UstXvX. •llUidyttivitti mspirlngly; miah- 
dyttSvUMti vdkitttava Cheering, inspiring; 
vrt. myOs: vaikuttuu •IJUidyttU enliven, 
animate, exhilarate; cheer (up) ; (innos- 
taa) inspire; aatt^mnsa •iahtiyttiUn&n& in- 
spired by his ideals. 

•lihtynyt aged, old; advanced in years, el- 
derly, •iintyi age, grow old(er). (grow) 
advance (d) in years, vrt. ellUitlUL 

•lihtinyt 1. » elMhtynyt; 2. (kuihtunut) 
pa.st one's prime, pass6(e), faded, (kulu- 
nut) worn -out (through dissipation) ; 
miahtanrnmn nHkdinmn faded-looklng, bear- 
ing the marks of a fast life (1. of dissipa- 
tion) ; '*' kannoiar a beauty on the wane. 

•lihtii pass one*s prime, age, advance in 
years. 

•liimailinan animal [heat. l&mpO]; (raaka) 
bestial, brutal: '^ kohtmln brutal treat- 
ment; mHUmmlUamn raaka brutal, brutish; 
aiOimmilUmn raaka mice (myOS:) a brute, a 
beast. •lilmellitMti brutally, brutlshly, 
like a brute, •iilmallittyi be(come) bes- 
tlallzed (1. brutalized), •iilmeiiityyt bes- 
tiality, brutishness. brutality. 

•liimisiA the animal world; (elfllnt.) fauna; 
Saemcn ^ the fauna of Finland, the Fin- 
nish fauna. 

•iiln animal; (etup. suurempl. nelijalk.) 
beast; (luontokappale) creature; mlUntan 



rauhotwiM protection (1. preservation) of 
game, game protection; mtSinimn yHML 
lover of (1. friend to) animals. 

•Iiln- (yhd.) animal [esim. -m— ffw animal 
world; 'magnatismi animal magnetism; 
'sUhhS animal electricity], .. of animals 
[esim. ^ktMijattu transportation of animals; 
'lajit kinds (1. species) of animals; •4nokka 
class of animals], -hiili animal black (1. 
charcoal). -JiAnn««: kivattynmitM aimn- 
lUdnnSkBid fossil remains of an animal (1. 
of animals), -kunta animal kingdom; vrt. 
•l&imUtS. -lajl kmd (1. species) of animal. 
-Ifiakatlada veterinary science. 

•liinliAkiPi veterinary (surgeon), veterina- 
rian, -opitto veterinary college. 

•iiinOmaantiada zoogeography, faunal geog- 
raphy, -markkinai stock day(s); market 
day(s) for cattle, -niyttaly 1. (karja-) 
cattle fair, animal exhibit (at a fair), stock 
show; 2. (harvinaisten el&inten) menag- 
erie, (wild animal) show, -oppi zoology. 
-rau (t&ht.) zodiac. -raUvalo (tftht.) zo- 
diacal light, -putto cattle -plague, -riik- 
kiyt cruelty to animals. -«atu fable. 

•iiintuojelut protection of animals, -tol- 
mitto (1. V.) headquarters of the humane 
society, -yhdittyt society for the preven- 
tion of cruelty to animals, humane society. 

•iilnltarha zoological garden (s), (Jkpv., 
lyh.) zoo. -tauti disease of cattle. 

•iiintanpalvalut worship of animals. 

•liinljtiada zoOlogy. -tlataelilnan zoological; 
mlSintimtmmUinmn aamma institute for ZOO- 
logical research. •tietaliiJi zoologist. 

•lilnvakuutut insurance of animals (1. of 
stock), •yhiid stock (1. cattle) insurance 
company. 

•UUi.one who lives (1. dwells); (asuja) in- 
habitant, settler; (henkilO) person; M- 
nm»tS mi tnia cn«fin aiaiMS he cannot live, he 
is beyond recovery (L hope) ; koroiUaan '^ 
person living on the interest of his money, 
rentier; maaata ^ one who gets his living 
from the soil, tiller of the soil, farmer, 
agriculturist; mmta&n alUjat Inhabitants (1. 
denizens) of the forest; omUlaan "^ one 
who is self-supporting (1. who supports 
himself). * 

•lika pension; half -pay; ml&kmttH nauttiva 
pensioned, retired (on a pension), retired 
on half -pay, superannuated [minister, pap- 
pi] ; aiSkkmmn natMttiJa pensioner, pensiona- 
ry; ai&kkaasmmn oikmuimttu entitled to a 
pension, -apu aid; pension. 

•liken ikilnan (of) the age to be retired (1. 
pensioned 1. superannuated), entitled to a 
pension, -kasaa pension fund, -iaitoa pen- 
sion system, -luokka class of pensions. 
-miArfi amount of pension, -oikeut right 
to receive a pension, -raha pension money, 
-rahatto pension fund. 

•iikkeeli&QlIJa pensioner, pensionary. 

•likddn hurrah! huxza! '^ Sahtajammm long 
live our leader! hurrah for our leader! 
'*' tHipaua hurrah for liberty! liberty for- 
ever! -huuto cheer; hurrah; aiakSSnhttutoia 
(myOS:) cheering: kolminkmrtainan •/£• 
kBSnhttttto foUakin three Cheers for . . . 

•liminen living; (elftmA) life; (toimeentulo) 
subsistence, livelihood; ml&miaman tarpaal- 
linmn necessary for life; ai&miBan mahdoi- 
listtudmt (toimeentulon) chances of earning 
a living, eiimitolkeua right to live (1. to 
exist). 

•limi 1. life; (olemassaolo) existence: 
(elanto) living; 2. (melu. mellastus) noise. 
(Jkpv.) racket; al&man iUkmi for life, for 
one's whole (1. all one's) life; alSmSSniMa) 
kyilSstynyt ks. ellmiUinkyUXetyByt (ha- 
kus.); alSmdBBdni ^ eWeseXnl, kS. ellll; 



•liiikfrrilinti 



— 49 — 



I during all my (1. my 
wtiole) lire; Aofce •lAmAil (ahn) all my (1. 
my wtiole) life long: tSssd miSmaMsM in 
this life* (usk.) here below; vrt. pahm. 

•ltaiAkeff«llln«n hiorraphic(al). eiaintkerU 
lire (story), story of [one's] life; biogra- 
phy; miMmUUimrrmn trnMIA (\, kirjottaia) hi- 
orrapher; oma tmhmmS mldmahmrta auto- 
biography. 

•MflUfi- (yhd.) .. or life, life's te^lm. 
immkm thread of life, Ufe'A ttirea^I; ^onni 
happiness of life, lira's }ia[M>Uic»3; ^ialt- 
tmht Struggle of 1L^L^ lire s slrugri^lej, 
¥ltal [esim. -nrnMim viul fluid]; vrt. tlln-, 
-«ih« (fysiol.) vital principle, -alki ks. 
•Hnailni -aikainen '-^ eHnluutlneiu -ehto 
ks. •IfaMhto. -halu lov^^ {L deaire) of 
life; ham mU iMynnA ^lUmanhaiua lie wa:> 
full of life (1. of arUrual sfirUa), he 
loved life. -4ialuln«r) juqk-iu!^ lo Uve^ 
clinging to life, (elolHa.) ruil fif Ufe, bcariy, 
hale, -ika ks. •UaikM. -tlo Joy of living. 
-iloinen full of animal spirits, (high-) 
spirited: cheerful; sprigbtiy [youth, nuo- 
mkainen] ; ligbt-hearted, buoyant. Jolly. 
-J^jMtys plan of life; (lULk. - ruokaj&r- 
Jestys) diet, regimen, -kattomus view of 
life (1. or tmngs) ; voMam miamankatBomuM 
a cheerful view of things (1. of life). 
-fcerioia biographer, -kohtalo: ionkun «ltf- 
MteMbfoto one's lot in life, one's fate (1. 
destiny), -fcokamus personal experiences, 
experience (of life); «« cU hanmUm wnui 
aUbmMmkmktmuB that was a new experience 
(in life) for him. -kuiku course of life. 
*kut«umu« rallinK:; mi;^!$lon In (1. of one's) 
hf^. *tL)^Uaatya ^sviune^^ ul lifo; worJsl- 
T^^TtriDi^j? <JH^ii'-i u. loailijnir K satiety) 
of life. -1(A«liyi opinion {L vrew> of Uf*^. 
-4««iy k^. tiUminUp*. *-lanlta Ua^vj btml- 
y^K-^il. *loppu ilfii'-^ eruj; (kuolcrnaj rJ<?atti. 
-fiaytmto f^rgoyiTH^iii {L iileasure) of lire* 
-nhje 'iTivriili [Tiaxirii, nilo of Hfe; tlam^n- 
*hj**t rij^oft of iiri.% I otifi Of maiims. -aiot 
eirouiii'itancQ*. ruintltlori i s ol liTeK -Mta 
^ «l&injuiti4, -upa manner {\. way L, nioile) 
of living, living; mtHmaniavat liabllS, WSys. 
-(«rlfi« ]. -taru hre 3tu;\y. -tarva ^ eltn- 
iMFv*. -|#tiUvA Aim (L liuBlnf!SB 1. task) of 
tutie'^1 Itft*, **niJ Mui aim or [one's] life- 

Mnmn miama/^mhtiiifMnMa hlS one purpoSA 
iL aim L int^^^on; in Ufe. -lie career, 
Oitirfe of (OTitt'H] lift?, life '9 race; vrt, 
■lAu^tJiL -laLmfnta vital functions {I. proc- 
e«6e»^. •toverl parir>er Tor llfe^ Ufe part- 
iiai'; (avloviimo; heujmai*?. -if ft life -work, 
Nona's 1 llf*'» senipvenient (I, worlt). ^unel* 
JM itfisam of [one's J Ht<^. ^ura = vIlmlEi- 
fjhf -vaat^muhtet i^^rnandn; staridard nv 
UrtDg- -vaalfut [onp ?] Itf^^'i^ wanderitm- 
CL JiaurHMy/ ; life; i:of*ilijet. -¥aih«t ovenU 
of hfe, carter, hMnMtt& on olfuf kirjavat 
^gmmMtwmihwwt b** h&^ liacl a rlieckfir^il va- 
wtmr^ tm hn-^ h^d hiA uv^ and downs on 
Ufaj. ««aaL f'lujf of Lir*': (raam.) waier or 
lire. vVllsaua pnilo^>p^y of 11 ft?; ikok*i- 
miiKiwrllneru ^vorldly wisdom, -vol mm -> 
♦llttiiitMa. 'ir mmif f y a u ndo i j» I an^U n n^ u f ] 4 f f* . 

elAlMikokafiyi . , wlio tin^ ^eo a (?rent doiil uf 
]il'&(ax]i«rieti('T'it« * . with a. wide exiierten' ti. 

iMlmkrlli«tymlnen dlAKUSl {I. UmiiwnK 
LaMtetJT) *>t Ute; WL^annc^^^ rif life, uoTtil^ 
weariflMs. okyltittirnyt tired U' wi3ary I of 
Ufa <t UviniTi, ^trk i>f U- dlsg^n^ted uHh. 

tlf*. ifiiJ^hM y*M t-i /'fid I in* Hf'M^ Tiiirr| - 

ihips). 

•iliaaidi raise (1. kick up) a row (1. a 
racket), raise a fracas, (Jkpv.) raise a rum- 
pus, raise a rough-house; (meluta) he 
Dolij; Tit. aslaaiUL alimdliiilnan raising a 
rumpus; row, rumptts. tUmdltalJi rowdy, 



rough reUow. alim«ivi: miamSMi vaU' 

S^tAko a riotous crowd, a mob. 
ta maintenance, support, sustenance; on 
•lattmmUa is being supported, (esim. lap- 
sesta:) has been boarded out (1. boarded 
away rrom home). 

aiiiii dependant; (loisel&Jft) parasite, -v*- 
aikka calf kept for raising. 

eliitiJa provider, support (er); pmrhmmn '^ 
the breadwinner (1. the support) or the 
family. alittAminan feedmg; bringing up; 

Brovidlng for. 
litli (ruokkia, ravlta) feed, nourish; 
(kasvattaa) bring up; (yllftpitaa) support, 
maintain; (pitM elossa) keep alive; (pit&a 
huoli) provide for; '^ hmnhmnma kmriaa- 
maua keep o.s. alive by beggmg, beg one's 
way; ^ ifmnaa JoUakin maintain o.s. (1. 
support life) by . . , support o.s. by . . , 
make (1. get 1. earn) one's living by . . , 
(pysyft hengissA) subsist by . .-ing; kayhat 
•iatmtaan kmnsan kuMtannukmrnUa the poor 
are taken care of (1. are provided for) at 
the expense of the community; otla /onAnn 
0iatmtta»ana be supported by one, depend 
on one (for support), be dependent upon 
one; poika ^ iaaanga the son provides 
for (1. supports) his father. 

eiavyys liveliness, animation; sprlghtliness; 
vividness, vivacity. 

aiivi I. (a.) living [being, olento; faith, us- 
koj; (eloisa) Uvely, animated, sprightly; 
live; (vilkas) vivid [imagination, mieli- 
kuvitus] ; eiavia aiUaita 9ynnytta»a Vivip- 
arous; <« hopma ks. elohopea; ^ kukkanmn 

natural flower; miavana, Havana alive 
[esim. miavana haadattu buried alive; polt- 
taa 0iaoaita burn alive]; ^ paino weight 
on foot; •lavat Mmlmt modern (1. living) 
languages; miavat kmfat moving (1. motion) 
pictures; tapaoM on vimia miavana mimlmM' 
mani that event is living m my mind yet, 
the event is still fresh in my mind, it 
seems as though that happened yesterday. 
II. (s.) (elossa oleva) tbe living; (eiain) 
animal; (syOpftlftinen) vermin; miavat /a 
Miollooe the living (1. the quick) and tbe 
dead; mmisan miavat animals of the rorest; 
on vimia miavi(tt)mn jonkomma is Still among 
(1. in the land of) tbe living, is still on the 
face of the earth, still walks the earth. 

eMvikuvalkona moving-picture machine, ki- 
netoscope. -teaitari moving-picture theater. 

alivAltaieikkaua vivisection. 

aiivitti vividly; in a lively (1. sprightly) 
manner. 

alii live; (olla elossa) be alive, have life; 
(eiatt&a itsensa) maintain (1. support) o.s., 
support life; subsist; feed; olA'oMtflni {-mi, 
-nma Jne.] in (all) my [your, his etc.] life, 
during my [your, his etc.] life; *- [ioma- 
iatonta, kurfaa, onn«lf|«to y. m.] miamaa 
lead a [wicked, wretched, happy etc.] life, 
live [wickedly, wretchedly, bappily etc.], 
pass a [wicked, wretched, happy etc.] life 
Ihuom. myOs: ^ kmvytmimlimta miamaa lead 
a butterfly existence, (moraalltonta) lead 
a loose life, dissipate]; ^ hmrroikmi live 
like a king (1. like kings), live on the fat 
of the land; ^ hurlamti live fast, lead a 
reckless (1. fast) life, run riot; <« ioiiakin 
(\. lomtakin) live (1. subsist 1. exist) (up) on 
[vegetables, kasvlksllla] , live (1. earn one's 
living) by [one's labor (1. by the sweat of 
one's brow), tyOllft], (elftimistft puhuen:) 
feed on [roots, Juurista]; ^ ktmmmmin 
kuin ioku toinmn outlive another; ^ ami' 
matttmum live unmarried, lead a bache- 
lor's (1. a spinster's) life; '^ onnmiiimim 
mikoia pass (1. be passing) happy days; «*» 



•makko 



— 50 — 



•fifll«iitil«lii«n 



toioftum nmkaia99ti live Wltllln one's In- 
come; '^ punhakai live to Old (L a ffreat) 
age, live to be old, live long; ^ yimuU^mti 
live in luxury, (Jkpv.) live on the top stielf ; 
han mii tSmdn onnmn p^vSn he lived to see 
this nappy day (1. this day of happiness) ; 
hSnmlta mi dm mnUM montaikatm) kuuhaatta 
mlmtnivSmM he bas not many montbs to live; 
hanMa mi dm miUM mUU he Has nothing tO 
live on, he has no means of support; Mria 
on miakyt mmnta ptdnomtm the book has 
passed (1. run 1. gone) through many edi- 
tions; niin toHa Indn miSn as true as I'm 
alive, upon my life; vUmmkai mimtyt vuodmi 
the last few years, the recent years. 

emakko ■« tmltM 

•maljl enamel, -maalaus enamel-painting. 
-maali enamel paint, -virii enamel colors. 

•maljoida enamel. •malJoimlnaii enameling. 

•mansipataioni (vapautus) emancipation, 
•manaipearata emancipate, ainanaipaarattu: 
mmmnaipmmrmttu nminmn an emancipated (1. 
unconventi9nal) woman, a new woman, a 
feminist. 

•mbryo (alkio) embryo, ambryoloola (sikiO- 
oppi) embryology. 

•mi (kasv.) pistu. -kukka female (1. pistil- 
late) flower, -lahtl carpel, pistil-leaf. 
*neuvoinan pistillate, female. 

•mintimi stepmother; mmintimSn imomin like 
a stepmother, in stepmotherly fashion. 

•mltdn . . without pistils, having no pistils. 

•mi6 (kasv.) the pistils; gynoeclum. 

•mma ks. mL 

•mo, amon^n mother; (yksinom. eliimistft:) 
dam. amoton motherless, bereft of [one's. 
Its] mother. 

•mpiminan hesitation, amplmiiti without 
(any) hesitation, unhesitatingly; heedless- 
ly, rashly; without more ado: mina tmmn 
amn mmpimatia I'U do that unhesitatingly, 
I don't hesitate to do it. amplvi hesitating, 
hesitant; oUm mmpMUia kamnmttm be in two 
minds [about a th., Johonkin n&hden], hes- 
itate (I. waver) (between two opinions). 

•mpii hesitate: be doubtful; (olla kahden 
vaiheella) be in two minds, waver between 
two opinions, vacillate; han mtmpi tnUmmmamn 
he hesitated about coming (1. to come). 

•mi 1. « emo; 2. (kohtu) uterus, womb, 
-hlrvi cow (1. female) elk. -Jinia she rab- 
bit; mother rabbit, -kallio (geol.) parent- 
rock, -karhu she bear, -kirkko the first 
church; (etup. katol.) mother church. 

•mlkaln^n (kem.) basic; alkaUne. amikal- 
•yya basicity; alkalinity. 

•inillammaa ewe. -Iluoa (kem.) mother- 
liquor, mother- water, -maa mother country. 

•manlkaula neck of the womb; (lUk.) cer- 
vix, -fcoatin uterine probe, -laakeuma 
(Iftftk.) falling of the womb, prolapsus of 
the uterus. 

•minnyya household management; house- 
wifery; duties of a hostess; hanmn mman' 
nyytmnaa mUdmmna tmioua mmnmmtyi hyvin 
under her management the domestic af- 
fairs flourished. 

•mAnnitdn: ^ tola house (1. farm) without 
a mistress. 

•minn6idi manage the household (1. the 
domestic affairs), keep house; act as a 
hostess, eminniltaiji housekeeper; (Jon- 
kln Julklsen laltoksen, kuten sairaalan 
y. m.) matron. •minnAitalJinpalkka posi- 
tion as a housekeeper (1. a matron). 

•mintA (perheen-) housewife; (talon-) 
lady (1. mistress) of the house; (vleraiden 

puheessa:) hostess; (vuokralalsen puhees- 
sa:) landlady; mmtannan pmivmUimuudmt du- 
ties of (1. as) a hostess, -fcouiu school of 

domeitlc science. 



•milpurj^ (laivan) mainsail, -puu (aluk- 
sessa) keel, -rau trunk (1. mam) line, 
-rangaa (l&ftk.) womb supporter. 
•mla (kem.) base; alkali, 
•maiaaurakunta mother jparish. -alka sow. 
-Ulo 1. -tila orlgmal (1- main) farm (1. 
estate). 
•mAtin 1. vagina; S. (ruokatorvi) gullet; 

(la&k.) esophagus. 
•mAlvaUia veritable (1. infamous) lie; 
(Jkpv.) whopper, -valtio mother country, 
-vaal — inMlitt os . 
an ks. eL 

•nemmlstO pluraUty, majority; mmmdm <« ioit- 
hin puolmiim Obtain a minority for ... 
-ryhma majority group. 
•nammitan mostly; (most) commonly, usu- 
ally, generally, anammyvs greater amount 
(1. number) ; (enemmisto) plurality, anam- 
mAltl more; (viel&) further. 
anammin more; (Joskus:) higher, better; 
^ mikaa more time, a longer time; ^ JMn.. 
more than .., upward(8) of .., (luvul- 
taan) over . . , (joskus:) above; ^ ktdn 20 
kmrtaa (myOS:) over 20 times; mnmrnrnMrn 
tai vahmmman more or less; (mi) ^ kain 
mnnmnkaan no more than before. Just as 
little as before; mi kaitmnlkum ^ kwun .. 
not, however, over . .; not over . . , how- 
ever; only . . at the very most; pitaa /m- 
tmkin ^ kain fmmtakin toimmta Uke a th. 
better than (l. prefer a th. to) something 
else; rmhamtaa ^ love more; mita ^ tam 
f 1. kornkm) . . SO much the more because . . , 
(all) the more as (1. since 1. because) . .; 
tarfoammila -^ kvdn kan by outbidding (1. 
overbidding him. -arvoinan worth more, of 
higher (1. greater 1. more) value. 
anampi [kielt&v. laus.: enempAi] more; fur- 
ther; mnmmmaita mmalta (suuremmalta) to 
the greater part, for the most part, mostly; 
iykatty mnmmpaa liaaittmlya vartmn adjourn- 
ed; mnmmpHa mina mn voil can do no more; 
mnmmpaa vmivma nakmmatta Without (any) 
further trouble, with no further trouble; 
mi amnaakaan mnmmpaa (en&A) not another 
word! not a word more! mi amn mnmmpaa 
kain • . no more than . .; Oman mnmmpia 
matJUa Without more ado, without any 
more red tape; amn mnmmmitta without 
anything further, without further notice, 
simply. 
ananeminan increasing, growing; increase; 
advance, aneneva increasing, growing; 
mnmnmvaaaa maaraaaa in an increasing de- 
gree, more and more, in higher and higher 
degree, anannys increase; enhancement, 
•naniyminan, anentya — •B*B«iiiiB«ii, eiMti. 
•nantaminen augmentation. Increasing; en- 
hancement. anentAA increase, augment, 
add to; (suurentaa) enlarge; (kohottaa) 
raise, heighten, enhance [the value, arvoal. 
swell [the numbers, lukumftftrftA]. 
•nargia (tarmo) energy, anarglnen (tarmo- 
kas) energetic. 

•natA increase, augment; (kasvaa) grow; 
(kasaantua) accumulate; (llsAtntyft) mul- 
tiply; (kohota) rise, go up, advance. 
•nalannlnlkialinen English; on mngtmnnin" 
kimlinmn is (in) English, -laaatarl court- 
plaster, -p^ninkulma mile. 
Englanii England; (Suur- Britannia) Great 
Britain, the United Kingdom; Englmnnin 
alaamtamt the British possessions; EnWon- 
nin lummaii the English Channel, enolantl 
(=> englannin kieli) English; [k&Ant&&] 
mnglannikaif mngimnnin kimimiim [translate J 
into English; mnglannin kimimUa in English. 
•nolanUlainan I. (a.) English. U. (s.) Eng- 
lishman; mnMimntiimiami Englishmen, the 
EngUsh, the British. 



•iiflafiUI«i«-uii«rlkk«l«liiM 

MflMtlli^l-MMriklMlaiiiM Anrlo-Ainert- 
can. -4MJIIIIM according to (L after) the 
BirUsli tjrpe (1. style). -«iiomalainen Eng- 
llsli-Plniilsh [dictionary, sanaklrja]. 

•nlaiaHteii most; mostly, for tbe most part. 
iMwiilnsin mostly, for tbe most (1. the 
rreatest) part; (yleeos&) generally; (etu- 
pUssft, ptaaslalllsestl) mainly, chiefly, 
prtnctpally; (uselmmassa tapauksessa) in 
tbe (great) majority of cases, in most cases 



I most; mmMMm '^ tarho0«Mm Will 
be told to the highest bidder, enimmietl 
most, mostly, for the most part; vrt. 
— iMialfcieeB. 

eain most; ^ kmik^tm most of all; '^ om 
ikmtiwiwta (i. ihmMM) most people (l. 
folks), majority of people; « ' 
•Mite for the most part, mostly; 
(uselmmat) most, the most, the majority 
of . . [eslm. •nimmMt MMnmt the most votes, 
the nuJortty of the votes]; •niMnOe mfrnt 
moat ttmes, most of the time, enintiin 
(korkelntaan) at most, at the utmost, 
(Jkpy.) at the (very) outside; (el yll) not 
more than . .; 9fJnHmm lOOO dMuU a 
thoosand dollars at the most (1. outside), 
not more than fiOOO. eniten most (of 
aU) ; (etupiissA) in the first place. 

eiikell angel, -joukko angelic host. 

ettkellMiliiea, enkelinkalUlneii angelic, like 
an angel. enkelliitekiJi (1. v.) baby-farmer. 

eiMMfckolanrio budget, -tasku calculation, 
computation,. estimate; tmhdtL mnnrnkkoioM' 
kmM make calculations, calculate, -luulo 
prejudice, bias, -luuioinen prejudiced, 
blas(8)ed. -luuloleeeU with prejudice (1. 
bias), m a prejudiced manner, -luuloisuus 
prejudice: strong prejudices; disposition 
td prejudice. -Iiiuloton unprejudiced, un- 
biased; broad-minded, liberal, -luulotto- 
■Msti without prejudice, -luulottomuus 
freedom from (1. absence of) prejudice 
(L bias), -makeu advance payment, pre- 
payment; advance (of money) ; money 
paid in advance, advance money, -mleli- 
•Me preconceived opinion, -piitde pre- 
judgment; (lak.) precedent, -eenauurl cen- 
sorship, ^oplmiie 1. -elloumue preagree- 
ment; prearrangement. -tapaut (lak.) 
precedent, -tleio advance Information, 
previous knowledge, -illaaja advance sub- 
scriber, -illaua (eslm. klrjalle) advance 
subacrlptloQ. -valmlttukeei preparations 
beforehand. 

eiiaakolllneii advance; (files.) . . a priori. 

iw— fcoMa beforehand, previously. In ad- 
vance; by (1. in) anticipation; ^ mMMrMtty 
predestined, foreordained, (johonkin tol- 
meen) designated [for . .] ; mitaa rmhmm ^ 
advance money. 

iwatlaaw. eiinalleea as before; unchanged; 
flMNM f L tUmnmm) mm •mnmUmmn the Sltua- 
tSoo is unchanged; mgim on mmmiUmn UMa 
■wwff— «3 the matter is [will remain] as 
before (1. unchanged) ; atirma mm htmkuin- 
Ma unmaitmm the patient is much (1. 
about) the same. 

iwwatu — MUMlMita. -hapkinta premedita- 
tloo; foresight, forethought. -maAriya 
predestination. 

•MM presage: omen; portent; (premonito- 
ry) sign; (olre) indication, nrmptom; ft v. 
m§ '^ good omen, a sign of good luck; 
' '» sign (1. herald) of spring; mUm 

/MtaMii be an omen of . .; pmhm ^ 

bad (1. evil) omen, evil prognostic, -merkkl 
omen; sign, token; presage; prognostication. 

wwaiiwln earlier, sooner; (mleluummln) 
rather; much rather; '^ tml my9hmmmin 
sooner or later, some time or other; vrt. 



^81.— annusiua 

ennen I. (pr^.) before, previous to; (edel- 
la) ahead of; in advance of; (eslm. lak.) 
prior to. U. (adv.) before, before (1. ere) 
now; previously; (mulnoln) formerly; 
(mleluummm) rather; ^ ottoan formerly, 
in olden (L former L past L bygone) 
times, (in days) of old (1. of yore), in 
bygone days, in days long past. In times 
(long) past; '-^ tdholmmn (\, aikamtum} too 
soon, too early, prematurely; ^ huomU- 
paivMa before (l. ere) to-morrow; -- /a 
myt in former times and now,- as it was 
and as it is; '^^ kaikk^^ above all (things), 
of aU things, first of aU. first and fore- 
most, before all, m the first place (1. in- 
stance); ^ mainoiM (I, omnhmtm) - '^ ai- 
kaaa; ^ tmmtia before the Others, (edelia) 
ahead of (1. in advance of) the others; '-' 
pitMa before (l. ere) long, soon, in a 
short time; ^ mita before then (1. that), 
ere then; ^ tamMn vwndmn InUttttwrn before 
the end of this year; m dm komkman -^ 
tUUmyt HMnta I never saw him before; kan 
on dvan toinmn nd— ktdn <« he is a very 
different man now, he Is an entirely 
changed man, he is not the nuui he used 
to be; ban tuU ^ mimaa he came before 
(L ahead of) me, he came earlier than I; 
Ma '^^ before which; niinkain •nnmnkin 
(Just) as before, as previously; paaain '^ 
pmritlm kidn sina I arrived (1. reached the 
destination) ahead of you (1. earlier than 
you) ; tamatapahttd - hanmn kuolmmaanMa 
this was before (1. happened prior to) his 
death, this preceded his death; tasma mii <« 
tola there used to be a house here, a house 
used to be (1. to stand) here. 

ennenlaikainen l.-«ikuinen untimely [death, 
kuolema]; premature [birth, synnytys]; 
overhasty [conclusion, JohtopftatOs] ; «n- 
nmntdkainmn nuiinmn premature report, -^i- 
kaiseetl too soon; prematurely; mnnmnaUHd' 
••fti kmhitiynyt iapsi a precocious Child, 
-alkaisuus untlmeliness;prematureness; un- 
due haste. -ku(i)n before, ere. -kuulumaton 
unheard of; unexampled, unprecedented. 
-mainiuu before -mentioned, aforemen- 
tioned, previously mentioned (1. stated); 
aforesaid; (-nimltetty) aforenamed, -mui- 
noln ks. •iumd. 

ennectaan before; (vanhasuan) of old; «« 
oimvm previously existing, existing of old. 
ennettain earlier; before. 

annua — eBiie. -lauae prediction; prophecy: 
prognostication; augury, -merkkl - eim*^ 

ennuataa foretell, predict; prophesy; divine: 
(merkelsta) prognosticate; (oUa enteena 
Jostakin) betoken, foreshow; (tav. Jotakln 
pahaa) (fore) bode, portend; be ominous 
of ..; foreshadow [death, kuolemaa]; 
i!J\«'*r;W P'*esage. augur [well for one, 
hyvaa joUekulle] ; minahan mnmuHn sinul- 
l«, mtta nHn HMgi kaymaan I told you be- 
forehand (1. I forewarned you) that It 
would come to that, (Jkpv.) I told you so; 
piivi mtmuBtaa wadmtta the Cloud predicts 
rain; «• «i mmmMta hyvaa It doesn't predict 
any good, it Js a bad omen. ennuataJa 
prophet, seer: fortune-teller, soothsayer, 
diviner; (roomalaisilla) augur; (oraakke- 
li) oracle, ennustamlnen foretelling, proph- 
esying; prognostication; augury; tahdimta 
•nnutaminmn astrology, ennusteva: iotakin 
•nnttMtaafa boding . . , ominous of, prognos- 
tic of: poAoa «nfiiMta0« evil -boding, onUnous. 

ennuatelMl - •nnustM; - ihmUtmn ttdmvia 
hohtmloita read the fortunes of men. 

•nnuatukaelllnen prophetic (al) . 

ennuatua prophecy; prediction; prognosti- 
cation; dlvmatlon, soothsaying; vrt. •»- 



Annusiush«nkt 



— S2 — 



*nat 



nustamiiiMi; •nntutwAM^ni MpI eot««n my 

prediction came true, -henki spirit of 
propbecy (1. divination), prophetic spirit. 
-kirja book of prophecies, prophecy, -lahja 
(girt of) second-sight, -taito art of divi- 
nation; clairvoyance. 

•nnAttAfi have (1. find) time; (saavuttaa) 
reach, attain; (pft&st&) come (1. get) to, 
arrive at; vrt. ehdHttHM; ^ (Jonkun) «<f«lf« 
get ahead (1. In advance) of; '^ mnnmn /o- 
t€dtnta ioMsakin get ahead (1. in advance) 
of one 1 n . . , leave one behind in . . , fore- 
stall one in . . , (Jkpv.) cut one's comers; 
^ [ajolssa] pmrium arrive (1. reach one's 
destination) [in time]; manHttihii hUn in- 
naan was he In time for the train? did he 
catch the train? •nnStUtkH Moada ««n vol- 
miikBi huomiMmkai Will you be able to finish 
it (1. to get it done) before to-morrow? 
hiln mnnStti mnnmn kuoimmaansa ndhd& imn- 
iokonmmi kUytUnn^MsU he lived to see fly- 
ing-machines in use; mintxUa oii niin kiirm, 
9ttU mn mnnUtt&nyt tuUa I was SO busy 
that I could not find time to come. 

•nnitys result arrived at; (saavutus) 
achievement, (paras) record, -kilpailu 
contest to break the record. 

•no uncle (on one's mother's side) ; [one's] 
mother's brother. 

•nti first; (alkalsin) earliest; (ensintuleva, 
Ifthinnftseuraava) next; [tledon] ^ aikmmt 
the first principles (1. the rudiments) [of 
knowledge]; <« alwAsi to begin with; first 
(of all); <« cfMM in the beginning, 
(aluksi) to begin with, first; [heti] 
'^ hmtkmMtS omH (\. alkamn 1. lHhtimn) from 
the [very] first; ^ kmrralla, '-' kmrran 
the first time, (tulevalla kerralla) next 
time [huom. esim. hUn arva»i dkmin hmti 
^ kmrraila he got It right With one guess, 
he guessed It the first time]; ^ kUdmsMU 
in the first place; '-' lumnnom a rough draft 
(1. sketch); ^ nUkmrniUiS at first sight; 
«« postisMa by return mall; ^ »iiaa9a in 
the first place; ^ tilaama (\. tilatBuudmMMa) 
at [one's] earliest convenience (1. oppor- 
tunity), at the first (I. at an early) op- 
portunity; ^ tyUkMi the first thing (one 
did) [esim. '« tyUksmni koriasin vmnmmn 
the first thing I did was to fix the boat] ; 
'*' oiikolla next week; ^ vuonna [kmvS&nU, 
•yksyna y.m.] next year [spring, fall etc.]. 

•ntilarvoinen first-rate; principal. -ilU 
(teat.) opening (1. first) night, first per- 
formance. -kerialn«n happening (1. oc- 
curring) the first time; mnmikmrtainmn var^ 
kauM first offense (at stealing). -k«rU- 
lalnen beginner, novice; (tulokas) new- 
comer, a new arrival, -koaiinen next sum- 
mer's, . . to be held next summer; mnmi- 
kmsSinmn nHyttmly next summer's fair. 

•naikai first; firstly; (etupft&ssft) foremost. 
In the first place; ^ .., ioismksi .• flrst- 
(ly) .., second(ly) ... entikalkin In the 
first place (1. Instance); for one thing; 
(aluksi) to begin with, enaiktlmainittu 
ks. ensinmainlttu. 

•ntillluokka first class; mnMiluokan potti 
[Motalaiva] first-Class mall [battleship]; 
mnmiiaokan tyUtU first-rate work, -luok- 
kainen first-class, first-rate, -luokkalainen 
pupil in the first grade, first grade pupil. 

•naimiinen first; foremost; (tftrkein. pft^-) 
principal, chief; -^ kiriuri (esim. Suomeo 
rautatleasemilla) head clerk; AUksantmri 
(£)'«' Alexander the First; HUn on kmvmnn- 
kimmm mnaimHisiU mimhiS he is one of the 
leading (1. first 1. foremost) men of our 
City; kakmi mnmimMiMia (L mnsimiUamt kmkmi) 
la»ta the first two Children; oUm luokkanw 



^ oppUaa head one*s class. •nalmAIti at 
first; in the beginning. 

•nain first, foremost, in the first place; at 
first; (alussa) in the beginning; <« tySit), 
aittmn hnvitnkmmt first the work, then the 
play, business before pleasure, anainkiin 
at all; mi mnminkaUn not at all; mi mnminkUUn 
iiian aikaimin none too SOOn. enainmainiUu 
(the) first mentioned; (the) former, en- 
ainni first; at first; (aluksi) to begin 
with; (alkujaan) originally, primarily, 
•nainnikin first and foremost, before all, 
in the first instance (1. place); for one 
thing; (aluksi) to begin with. 

•nalnlltulava first coming; next, the ensuing, 
-tullut first come; (s.) the first comer. 

anaiatiin(kln) ks. ensiksKldn). anaitulava 
next, the ensuing. 

•ntaallinan ominous. 

•ntainan (yhd.) with . . omens (I. signs) 
[esim. hsrvX^ with good omens; paha'* 
with bad omens, (myds:) evil-omened]. 

•nti nan former; pre^xlstent; (alkaisempi) 
earlier, previous; (vanha) old; (kulunut. 
mennyt) past, bygone; (virasta eronnut 
tai erotettu) ex-, late; ^ knvmmSSri ex- 
govemor; ^ lakmHilUm Ranrnkamaa the late 
ambassador to France; '« pappi a former 
minister, an ex-clergyman; ^ prmmidmntti 
ex -president; '^ smnaattori ex -senator; '^ 
virkmmImM a former official; mniiMmmn m- 
kaan, mntiminU tUkoina In past times, in by- 
gone days, in days of yore, in the past; 
mntismmn nSkdmn parmmpi kS. MitUtl pa- 
rempi; mntismmn trnpamt in the Old fashion 
(1. Style 1. way), (the same) as before; 
mntimmllmmn, mntimmtiiUin, mntismataUn kS. ha- 
kus.; mniimmn lisakmi In addition [huom. 
myOs: omti ImkmSn mniimmn limUkmi bought 
another cow; sai mtiia muma mntimmn fl- 
Maksi met with a further sorrow] ; mntiaimn 
lisdksi additional, further [esim. onda fe- 
diatakmia mntisimn U»dkmi additional (1. fur- 
ther) proof] ; mntimilta ahilta from bygone 
days, from former (1. olden) times; mntimtk 
pmrmmpi better than the former (1. pre- 
vious) one. better than before (1. ever); 
mnti»i& mnmmmUn [huomiota] more [atten- 
tion] than ever (1. than before); mntimtA 
usmammai [ihmiset] more [people] than 
before (1. ever); mntistaHn huonompi worse 
than (ever) before, worse than ever; on 
mniismnmS nUkSinmn lOOkS as he (1. she 1. 
It) used to, looks Just the same (as ever), 
has not changed (1. altered). 

•ntisHaika times gone by, olden times, past 
(times); mntiatukaan, mntismikoina in Olden 
times, in days gone by. in the past; mntia' 
ajan kmnaai (myds:) the ancients. -«ikui- 
nan old. ancient. 

•ntiaailaan to the former state (of things); 
as before; vrt. jMttKM« JMMdM, palate, aaat- 
tea. antiaalliin in the former shape (1. 
fashion); as before; kaikki on taam mnti- 
smllimn (entlsellft tolalla) everything is on 
the old footing again (1. now); vrt. pysyS. 
•ntitaatfin already; kUnmUa oii am fjo> 
mntiMmatUSn he had it already, he already 
had It; vrt. eanestKMn. 

•ntispfiittymi (klel.) pluperfect, past per- 
fect (tense). 

•ntisyyt times gone by; olden times, antiq- 
uity; (mikft on ollut) the past; hanmn mnH- 
ayyimnsS his past; ulottuu piikUUm mntiayy- 
tmmn extends (1. goes) far bark In time, 
extends (1. goes) far (back) into the past. 

•ntuudaata(an) before, previously; (vanhas- 
taan) of old; vrt. entisestMIii. 

•nU. anUpKa), antAa what . . ? mntU iaMai, fa- 
l««*o hMn how (1. what) about your father, 
is he coming? anta hliai hUn Hdakm&n 



•nUlI _ 53 _ •plilyt 

[view] with suspicion (1. with distrust); 
olla 9pSiUviUlS kannaUa jonkin Muhtmmnhe 
doubtful (1. hesitant) about a th., be In 
doubt about . . , entertain doubts about (I. 
as to) . . , take a skeptical stand as to . .; 
vrt. seur. epiiievilnen Incredulous; (epft- 
luulolnen) suspicious; distrustful, mis- 
trustful; (epftuskolnen) skeptical, •piile- 
vi(ite)«ti doubtlngly; suspiciously, dls- 
trustlngly, distrustfully, with distrust, 
with suspicion; skeptically, •pilleviiayys 
suspiciousness, distrust (fulness); (epftllys- 
filosofla) skepticism; agnosticism, •pii- 
llji doubter; (filos. & usk.) skeptic; agr- 
nostlc. 
•fitli hurry, hasten, speed; fly; (ehdfttt^) epiiiii doubt, have (one's) doubts [about. 



what (then) if de doesn't come? «ne£ /««.. 
only think if . . . what if . .? how (then) 
if . .? suppose [I were to yo, menisln] ; 
•mM nutmnka . . (well,) how . .? mntapS Jo* 
tmiwwUa oUai onmi myyni What (then) if I 
had my own reasons? mnt&pS /o« «• disi 
Mn Just think (1. what) if it were he? 
suppose it is he; mntSpit «« katookin what 
if it should (1. were to) disappear? sup- 
pose it would disappear; (mlt^p^ silta 
vaikka) what though it were to disappear? 
emta «« asia (well,) what about that mat- 
ter? (here,) how is it with that matter? 
99*tS(s) sittmn, lorn sen tekiMinkin what 
(then) if 1 should (1. were to) do it? 



reach; - oM (kiitW) hurry (1. fly) past, 
shoot by; mika ^ time flies: niin kauas 
kuin aitiuB <« as far as thoug-ht can reach. 

•nlA(n) more, further; (uudelleen) again; 
(kauemmm) longer; asia ei olm '^ autmtta- 
otcsa the matter is beyond help (I. remedy). 
It cap no longer be helped; «i ^ no more, 
no longer; «• koskaan '^ never more, never 
again; «• Mnaajkoan '^ not a word more! 
not another word! hSn ei aim ** i&gmnenS 
he is no longer (1. he has ceased to be) a 
member; ^oiko mits •^ korjata can it be 
repaired anv longer (1. any more)? 

•pakko, •petto I. (a.) useless, worthless, 
good-for-nothing. II. (s.) good-for-nothing 
(fellow). 

•pittola (raam.) epistle. 

•pol^tti ks. olkanauha. 

•puu refusal, denial, •puuttaa (peruuttaa) 
iKithdraw, take back, retract; countermand; 
(jftttAS pit&mittfi) inhibit. 

•puutus countermand; inhibition, -kisky 
countermand. 

. . in biid la^te. -aiitikkaaiti wHh poor (L 
in baJ^ tastt*. -«ifullfn«n riisaMvanln(riM>us, 
iinrA^oi Aljle. Iin|ir0fjtiil3l^; tpatduHirun 
foiUkttth ihvUm) to oue'i? (It^a'tv.iiuair*-: 

tti^adv&rai^e:, -fldulliteMi to [on^'a] dit*- 
Sil ^ Ai a igf ; (! i ^a< Iv ai 1 1 npf ntj r: ly , ti n r avo t a - 
biy, uniirofltalily. -*dulli«uui Utsailvaii- 
lage^ ( ou s ne jis ) » ii np rrt f i ub i ene a « . -hed e I m i 
4kasv^,> Talj?J? FruU, p!!«utlOi:flrp; anihorjirfj. 
-hl*no un)?pntlemaniy, (tiai^^pstJi;) utiJady 
lik<?: unfioHsliedt nid*?, mdijifcaie: lii- 
Ifi*aner*f4; tpMhttna k«yt^9 rudi* (1. un- 
irrm!**m*nly> beriaviqr, -hi«rtQ«il ruiiely. 
unprfntlefiiaiily; intjellcately. -hl«fiou« uri^ 
f^ip-fiH^Miii)nJir(<?^s; imIeJkacy, ruderios::^. 
i-t»u#mJo averitirhtp nverlatikhiit-: niadvf^rt- 
ffli*:i!. Inail^nijnn; (hajamtcusyya) ab:fL*iH"e 
of mind, ab!«llt-rmm1{^^I^lC4:^: mpahuomio\m- 

ffl, -CH by ovi*p3lirhi; by overlookinfr. 
•piirtmlntn drjubtinar; b^'^Uating': su^pi^rx^ 
rnif; rlEslfU<;tm^; miiiii #i o/c epHilamUtS' 
kMMn th<>rf> 1^ tin dniibt ti. question) about 
it, tJiflft' 1.^ tio dikubtiriff (1. quesUonmfir) li 
«f>aii«iTil|t4 no iloiibt, uithfitjt (L b{]yotid] 
<ltHU>t; tiiHioulitcdIy. doiiblU-i^s, Induriim 
biy: yiKiOGStlonably; U'lTiiarrjaiHi ) wtifioni 
iviF) lif-i(iatlon, uiihi'saainiRly; aiet^n 



Jotakln]; be doubtful [about, Jotakin] ; 
(ep&lllen aavistaa) suspect; (olla luotta- 
matta Johonkin) be suspicious of [one's 
wife, vaimoaan], distrust; (ep&rOldft) hes- 
itate, scruple: (panna kyseeseen) (call in) 
question; mpHiUn rnttH hUn mi ttdm I'm Sus- 
picious (1. I suspect) that he won't come; 
mpHilmn ettH hUn on mairma I SUSpect him to 
be sick, (luulen) I suppose (that) he is 
sick; mpUilmn hSnmn vHpittSmyytiUan I doubt 
(1. question) his integrity (1. sincerity) ; mpSi- 
Imn hunts I have my suspicions of him; mpHi- 
imn, tnlmmko hSn oUmnkaan I dOUbt (1. won- 
der) Whether he will come at all; mpOillmn 
with suspicion, doubtingly, suspiciously. 
Incredulously [huom. hyvin mpHillmn 
(my<>s:) with a good deal of doubt]; ^ 
aaian mmnmatymiMta dOUbt (Of) the success 
(1. the successful outcome) of the matter, 
have one's doubts about the success of the 
matter; •^ aaian oikmntta doubt (1. ques- 
tion) the Justice of the matter, doubt (1. 
question) whether the matter Is Justified; 
•^ iotoAuta jfoksikukMi suspect one to be a 
. . , suspect one of being a . . [eslm. minU 
mpHilmn hSniS oarkaakMi I SUSpect him to 
be (1. of being) a (I. the) thief, I suspect 
that he Is a (l. the) thief] ; '«- fotakuta 
ioMtakin suspect one of . . [eslm. hantU 
mpHiltiin prntokgrnsta he was suspected of 
fraud (1. swindling), (my^s:) he was un- 
der suspicion of cheating] ; -• (omia) ky- 
kyiUdn doubt fl. distrust 1. not believe In) 
one's own ability; '« Jonkun lupanksia 
(myOs:) take a p.'s promises with a grain 
of salt; «n (mnMinkHiin) mpHHm, mttmikU .. 
I have no doubt, but (1. that). .; hUn mpiUli, 
tulisiko iSnnm he hesitated about coming 
here, he questioned his coming here; hSn 
mpOili yrityksmn onnistumiMta he was 
doubtful (1. was skeptical I. had his doubts) 
about the success of the enterprise, he 
doubted the outcome (1. the success) of 
the enterprise; kuningas mpSili, mtta oli 
otmmassa aaitdiitto (\. M«d«diiton olmmasMa- 
oloa) the king suspected a plot (I. there 
was a plot); minS mpSilen, kykmnemkU hUn 
(\. iokko han kykmnmm) siiS tmkmmSiin 
(myds:) I doubt his ability (I. his being 
able) to do It; minU mpUilmn sttH (se arve- 
luttaa) I have apprehensions (1. .suspi- 
cions) about It, I doubt It; sitH minU «n 



wpAitmfnMtiM bf-yoM alt (I. a) doubt, vviih- mpiUlm I don't doubt (1. question) that. 

tmi Auv ^^*^ni^l At all it uhatfiverK apiil«^ epiiltAvi doubtful, dubious; open to doubt; 

mfeUCmyyi ij[»<TUC.*tionablenesis; (imibtlr^^- questionable; vrt. epMllyttMvM. 

«l»iH*mitAn t. (joU el tnrvji^e epiiiy -» epMilys; mpUilyU hmrUHMva ks. 

I itMltibUattlfH itndoulit^^d: rsplva^ epMllyttMvM. epiilykaenalainen ks. epKUys. 

■ ti Lbitr. piaiTi* cl^af; (klenumfiiimi epiilya doubt; scruple; (epftluulo) suspl- 

■'U ln(ll«|iut«ti]p: ^. (Joka i^l clon; (arveluttavuus) apprehension, mls- 



1 r ► I ib ti or, utiq u e St (on 1 1 1 If H no i 

tkiintn rrkmttimyytmnM^ on ait^an 
ilirfliaf6i« ItH lioriP5ty ikclrrnt^ of no drmbt 
wttalevvr; mitUMn paAaa mpUiUm^t^n iJn- 
tuxi^toctUiiTK «ptU*vi douhniiK^ flmibirm. 
inertduiotii; ikatse))a} mpmupin wUmkn 



giving; (emplmlnen) hesitation; (ep&var- 
muus) uncertainty, suspense; epftluotta- 
mus) distrust, mistrust; mpiUlykMmn alainmn 
suspected, suspicious; (asiasta:) doubt- 
ful, questionable; (kaikkij mpUilykMmt haih- 
tukoot all doubts should be dispelled. 



•piilytavyys — 54 — 

away witb an doubts! minuUa on •pSilyk' 
aiU h^oMn I have (some) misgrivin^s 
about ... I entertain (1. have) suspicions 
(1. apprehensions) of (1. about) . . , I have 
my doubts about (1. I doubt) a th.; 9Ut& 
mi dm •piUlyatSMBn no doubt Of (U about) 
that, no doubt on that point, 



•fiimuodoatuiiui 



reverence, disrespect, disregrard. -kunto 
disorder; [olla] «pltfcamiocM not [be] In 
running order, [be] out of (workingr) or- 
der, [be] out of erear (myOs: kuv.) ; (Jkpv.) 
[be] out of kilter; mpiOnmiomn ks. Joutiuu 
-kuntoinen . . out of order (1. grear) ; Ocel- 
voton) useless, worthless; unfit; (hudno) 
paiiyttAvyys suspiciousness; precarious- poor, bad. -kuulialnen disobedient; vrt. 
ness; doubtfulness. •piilyttAvi suspicious; tottelematoB. -kypai ks. kypsymltttn. 
doubtful, questionable; problematic; (vaa- •pikts (mat.) trapezium, trapexe; (En^l.) 
rallinen) precarious; mpSilyttSvan nakSiifn trapezoid, -iihas (anat.) trapezius. 
»"??j<^*??8-l?^J^*"/J,,"'« "^ •pilkiyanndlllnen Impractical [man, mles], 

vaita (arveluttavalta) the matter looks SJpractlcal, not practical; (asloista:) Im- 
S'«*fi''*'^"^i ;».?'n ^' .nS?/iVo.V,. •'^iiltiS practicable' [scheme, suurinitelma] ; (sopl- 
SSjLiin)^?^'e ^}: daTa'heSt)! "•><>"> inconvenient, lmpK>per;..(k6mpefe) 



inspire . . with apprehensions (1. suspi 
Cions*l. doubts) ; aaia •pSiiyttiM mintm the 
matter looks suspicious to me, I am doubt- 
ful about the matter, the matter gives me 



practicably [arranged, Jirjestetty]; Incon- 
" lion) 



veniently. -kiyUnndllUyvs (henkildn) lack 
of conunon sense; (asian) impractlcablUty; 



Mnta mpmiytti lahfU he hesitated to gro 
(1. about leaving:); minaa •pSHyttsa [tehdft 
sit&] I have my doubts (1. apprehensions 1. 
scruples) about [doing: it], I feel apprehen- 
sive about [doing it], I hesitate to [do it]. 
•pi||inhlinillln«n Inhuman(e); barbarous. 
-Inhimlllisetti lnhuman(e)ly; barbarously. 
-Inhimillisyys inhumanity, -iainmaal linen 
unpatriotic. -Ittekkyys disinterestedness, 
unselfishness; altruism, -ittekkiiati dis- 
interestedly, unselfishly; altruistically. 
-ittekis disinterested; unselfish: altruistic. 
-Itteniinen dependent (on others) ,~ not 
self-reliant. -Jalo ignoble; base [metal, 
metalli]. -Jaikuva not continuous, dis- 
continuous. -Johdonmukainen inconse- 
quent, inconsistent. Illogical. -Johdonmu- 
kalaeatl inconsistently, illoglcally. -Joh- 
donmukaiauus inconsequence, inconsisten- 



-iojaalinan disloyal, -tojaaliauut disloyalty. 
-looalllinen illogical, -lukuinan innumer- 
able, numberless, countless; vrt. lukema- 
ton. -lukuiauus countless number, -luon- 
noliinan unnatural; forced, affected; vrt. 
luonnoton. -luotetUva unreliable, not to 
be relied (1. depended) on; untrustworthy; 
(epftilytttvi) doubtful, uncertain; (epivar- 
ma) unsafe; (petollinen) deceitful, treach- 
erous; mpittwMftmttavm hmnhttB (my6S:) a per- 
son Of questionable character, -luotetta- 
vuua unreliability, unreliableness, untrust- 
worthiness: uncertainty; unsafeness; 
treacherousness. -luottamua want (1. lack) 
of confidence, distrust, mistrust; (ep&ilys) 
suspicion, -tuottamualaute vote to express 
distrust (1. lack of confidence), want (1. 
lack) of confidence vote; vote of censure 
[of the Government, hallitukselle] . 



cy. -Johtaja (fys.) non-conductor; (eris- •Piluulo suspicion; (epiluulolne^ 
tftji) insulator. surmise; (epftluottmus) mistrust^ dlstru 

•pijumala idol, god 



•pijumalanlkuva idol; (graven) Image. 
-palvelija idolater, -palvelua worship of 
idols, idolatry, image -worship, idol-wor- 
ship, -temppeli temple of idols, heathen 
temple. 

epijirjettys (state of) disorder, disarray, 
derangement; confusion; Utter; «p|{/firi««- 
tyksmMMS in disorder, in confusion, out of 



mpaitadoa hmHMUvH such as to arouse sus- 
picion, suspicious, questionable, -luulol- 
nen distrustful, mistrustful; suspicious; 
mpiatndoinmn aaviatus misgivlng(s), pre- 
sentiment; mpSlmdoinmn milmtty a distrust- 
ful look (1. glance), a look (full) of dis- 
trust, -luuloltaati with suspicion (1. dis- 
trust), suspiciously, distrustingly. -luuloi- 
•uua distrust(fulness); suspiciousness. 



order, disordered; Mhki mpUiarimmiykMmsMa epiluuionlaihe cause of suspicion (1. dls 



(Ikpv.) all in a mess. 
•pillkantaliinen not national, unnational; 
(Yhdysv.) un-American. -kantanvaHalnen 
undemocratic, -kelpo (a. k s.) good-for- 
nothing, ne'er-do-well, -kelpolnan useless, 
worthless: unfit; (kykenemfttOn) inca- 
pable, incompetent, -kaskeinen eccentric, 
-keskeityya eccentricity, -katko eccentric, 
-kiitoiilnen ungrateful; thankless [task. 
tehtftvA]: vrt. kUttlmMtVn. -kiitoliituua 
thanklessness. -kohta fault; (puutteelli- 
suus) defect; (huono puoli) disadvantage, 
drawback; (haitta) inconvenience: (moraa- 
linen) wrong, evil, abuse, evil practice (1. 
custom), -kohtellaaati discourteously, im- 
politely, uncivilly; vrt. esilntylL -kohUiiai- 
•UU9 discourtesy, impoliteness, incivility, 
-kohteiian discourteous, impolite; uncivil, 
disrespectful, rude; disobliging, -krlatllll- 
nen unchristiandike) [act, teko]. -krlstll- 
llsestl in an unchristian way (I. manner), 
-kristilllsyya unchristian conduct (1. act 1. 
life), -kunniallinen dishonest, dishonor- 
able: vrt. kunniaton. -kunniaiii<iMtl dis- 
honestly, dishonorably, -kunnialllsuus dis- 
honesty, -kunniolttava disrespectful, un- 
civil, -kunnloittavatti disrespectfully; with 
disrespect (1. disregard), -kunnipitua ir- 



trust). -alainan suspected; vrt. •piUtlvIs 
mpUlmMiontdmiMn hmnkilS a SUSpect. -^lai- 
•uua being under suspicion. 
•pillineUIII (kern.) ks. metalloldL -miallyi- 
tivyys unpleasantness, disagreeableness. 
-miellyttAvi unpleasant, disagreeable, dis- 
pleasing; objectionable; (vastenmiellnen) 
repulsive. -miellytUviatl unpleasantly, 
disagreeably; objectionably, -inialuinan, 
-mielulaa objectionable; unacceptable, un- 
desirable; unpleasant: (ep&tervetullut) un- 
welcome, not welcome, -mieluiaatti (vas- 
tahakoisesti) with a bad grace, reluctantly, 
unwillingly, -mielulauus unacceptabllity; 
undesirability; unpUaaantness. -moraali* 
nen immoral, -muklinen not uniform, 
irregular; asymmetric (a1). -mukaiaattl 
irregularly; asymmetrically, -mukalsuus 
irregularity of form: assrmmetry. -mukava 
uncomfortable [position, asento], incom- 
modious [quarters, asunto]; inconvenient; 
vrt. huikaU. -mukavani uncomfortably, 
inconveniently, -mukavuua discomfort, un- 
comfortableness, mconvenience. -muodo*- 
tu8 malformation; deformity, abnormity; 
(hirveft) monstrosity, -muotolnen 1. -muo- 
doatunut deformed: misshapen; (muoto- 
puoll) asymmetric(al) ; (muodoton) form- 



•plmuflolttku 



— 55 



less, shapeless, -murtoluku Inmroper frac- 
tion, -muslkaaliiien unmusical. 

•pimUriinen Inderinlte^undetennlned; (tlet. 
k. lak.) Indeterminate; (h&llyv&) va^e,bazy; 
(epivarma) uncertain; (ratkalsematon) un- 
settled, not fixed: (kaksimlellnen) amblgru- 
oos. equivocal; '^ artikkmli (klel.) Indefinite 
article; -» nmg^Mtuginomio Indeterminate 
sentence; ^ van a color not easily dlstin- 
guisbed. an uncertain color [huom. myOs: 
kmtUtmmn 9Mri oU hyvin ^ it was hard tO 
tell what the color of the cloth was] ; mpU' 
mUUMBsmkai Mksi for an unlimited period, 
indefinitelar [huom. iyMtty mpSmabrmamkBi 
' i Indefinitely postponed; 9ikmwuimn U- 
fh Mrfi/fie> lyMttUn mpamaSrSiaakH 

_, i the court was indefinitely adjourned, 

the court adjourned sine die] ; •pSnUarai- 
mmOM tmomOm lOOSely, va^ely; mpSnUUiriUamt 
«M«f [vUttmUumt] Tague terms [indica- 
tions], efiiiniiraisettl indefinitely; va^e- 
ly; uncertainly. epimAirileyyt Indeflnite- 
ness, indeterminateness; vagueness; un- 
certainty; ambiguity. 

•pilnaieellinen unwomanly, unfeminlne. 
•HMieellltettI (In an) unwomanly manner. 
-fwieelllauus unwomanliness. -normaall 
abnormal; anomalous, -normaallsuus ab- 
norm(al)lty; anomaly. •K>ikeud«llinen 
wrongful, unjust, -oikeudelllsetti wrong- 
fully, unjustly. -oikeudellUuus injustice. 
•^kevtettu unjustified [blame, moite], 
unjustifiable; (perusteeton) unwarranted 
[claim, vaatimus; assertion, v&ite]. •K>lk«u- 
Um unjustiflableness. •K>idellinen immate- 
rial; non-essential; unessential, unimpor- 
tant. •^••Illtettl Immaterially, unessential- 
ly. -oleellUuita immateriality; being un- 
essential; unimportance. •K>nnl«tu« fall, 
not succeed, be unsuccessful, fall short 
of success; turn out badly, prove a failure, 
miscarry; hUn mpSonnimtni yrHykatmSSn (el 
onnistunut) be did not succeed (1. he failed) 
In his undertaking; mamnitmlnm mpM- 
mmmimtui the project (1. plan) miscarried; 
yritjm mpSatmiBiui k^konaan (I. e&ftfelfl«M- 
ti) the undertaking was (1. proved) a com- 
plete (1. an absolute 1. a signal) failure. •K>n- 
ntetuminen unsuccessful outcome, failure; 
miscarriage, -onnlatuneetti unsuccessful- 



'-f-in^f r— ' 



■"rr nUy 



pirt proved a failurR, H&nnlvtunui unauc- 
ce5«ifuiv . . wiiiioTjt Rucco'^s: ahoriivo r at- 
tempt yrjtysl : • al would-be rflamiy. kei- 

kan^ : ^pSannimtunui yriiyt imyiiSi) !l fall- 
lirf ; kiriaiii^ana han on kokonaan mpaannis- 
tnmtt *3 A writer T]f? [ji a mmplflte (1. per- 
ffrt) raiture. -orgsAfilntn Inorganic. 

•pi p«r{vn«fitM«rin«ii unparliamentary, wpe-* 
fiFVtutlaJilinvo unconatLtuilonal. -peril nan 
TinnutTif^ntic, not (renulne, aponrypJial. 
'»p«rii«vva unayth^nilclly. -puhdis un- 
clp^tn: tioipnr* (i. clear); Impure; ^pllaan- 
ttmiit) foil!; (moraall^esti) uncliaste. -puh- 
t*a«tl imruTf^lVp unrh'anly; lautaa tpUpah- 
t^mMti smpT off the hey* (eslm. laTilukun 
nm*ta) sfnr dHcordantly, ^puhiaut unrlean- 
n-^^s: untlc^nUncss; ImpiirUy. unrhastUy* 
-PI hi nnholy, unhallowed* pioraiTe, 

•pi r«h«IUnen dtslionest ff fallow, mleftl ; 
irirky, roul [play, T>cUl; fpetolllnenl de- 
rettruT. tAlsc^ treacJierons: *pUr*htinn*n 
pftflttttt* Jn^mrerc rci>iy, -rehftllfieiti di-^- 
hfiin4!*stiy; in bad fciilh: <t*^reltrii]lv, trj^arTj- 
eronsiy. -rehelliarr* dli*tionpsty; had FaUli: 
irirtilTiesa ; tleceUfulDps'*, -HUrillinen un- 
rhjvalroiis. -HtarllKawut lack ol clJlvaTry, 
-f-umtmnfi unpoetiraL prosaic <alK prosy* 
-#itno|l>aeati unpoetically, pro^alf^aHy. -ru- 
noltl«uii» lac^ or poeinr; prosinesa. 



epipAidi be undecided (1. irresolute), be in 
(1. of) two minds [about going tbere, men- 
n&kd slnne val ell; (empii) besitate; 
(bftllyi) waver (1. falter) (between two 
opinions), vacillate; (epftillft) be in doubt, 
be doubtful; (omantunnon syisti) scruple; 
•pfiHM<#«ji besltatingly, waveringly, falter- 
ingly; nunU mpUHUn »tta antamaaani I hesi- 
tated about giving it, I was undecided (1. 
in two minds) wbetber to give it or not. 
epipAimlnen hesitation; indecision (of 
mind); wavering; doubting; scruple(8). 
•pirdlmitti unhesitatingly, without hesi- 
tation, unwaveringly. eptrAlmitin unhesi- 
tating; unwavering; resolute, epirilvi 
hesitating, hesitant, wavering, vacillating; 
undecided, irresolute; doubtful, uncertain. 

epilselvyys lack of clearness; indistinct- 
ness; dimness, haziness; obscurity; confu- 
sion, -eelvi . . not clear; indistinct [arti- 
culation, iintiminen] ; inarticulate; (seka- 
va) dim, hazy [notion about a th., kftsftys 
jostakin]; obscure; confused; (jota el vol 
lukea) illegible [address,osote];(toUcuton) 
unintelligible [muttering, mutlnal; «pfi- 
••IvM ptihm (lausunta) poorly articulated (1. 
enunciated) speech, (sekava) Incoherent 
speech, -eelvistl indistinctly; hazily; ob- 
scurely; unintelligibly, -ellateys uncleanli- 
ness; untidiness; (Jkpv.) musslness. -ellati 
uncleanly; untidy; littered; (Jkpv.) mussy; 
vrt. seur. -elivo untidy, . . in disorder, lit- 
tered; (stlvoton) uncleanly, dirty; (sftftdy- 
tOn) indecent [language, puhetapa], im- 
proper, -eilvoetl untidily; uncleanly; inde- 
cently. Improperly, -elivous untidiness; 
uncleanliness. -eikitt monster; monstrosity; 
(epftluoma) prodigy, -eiveellinen immoral; 
lewd, licentious, -elveeillseeti immorally; 
lewdly, licentiously, -elveellltyys immoral- 
ity; lewdness, licentiousness, -elveys lack 
of chastity, unchasttty; wantonness, -el- 
vei unchaste, -elvlttynyt uncivilized, un- 
cultivated; uneducated; ill-bred, -elvulnen 
= erisivuiaeii. -eointu lack of harmony, 
dissonance, dIscord(ant note), disharmony. 
-^ointuinen discordant; dissonant, inhar- 
monious. -«opu disagreement, disunion, 
discord, dissension, variance; [olla] •pu- 
aaoasaa [be] in discord, [be] at variance 
(1. at odds 1. at outs), disagree, (jkpv.) be 
by the ears, -^opulnen . . at variance, . . 
at outs, . . at odds; km opot ainm oiimmt mpHao- 
pnisia kmskmnSSn (myOs:) they have always 
disagreed, -euhde 1. -euhta disproportion; 
disparity [in (1. of) years, Ikavuoslin nfth- 
den]. -euhtalnen 1. -euhtelnen dispropor- 
tionlate (1. -al); unequal; unssrmmetrical, 
asymmetric; . . out of proportion [to its 
size, kokoonsa nfthden] ; oila mpaMuhUinmn 
iohonkin nUhdmn be in bad proportion (l.out 
of proportion) to . . . -euomafafnen not 
Finnish; un-Flnnish. -euopea lll-diroosed 
[towards one, JollekuUe]. -euora Indirect 
[fire, ampumlnen; evidence, todistus]; 
mpHaumru k*rtomatapa (klel.) indirect dis- 
course (1. quotation); •paBtaaru todistumta- 
pa (geom.) indirect (1. negative) demon- 
stration, -euoraan, -euoraati indirectly. 
-euoeio disfavor, disgrace; oUa •paMuoHoM- 
gu be m disfavor, be out of favor, be In (1. 
under) disgrace; vrt. Joutua. -euoelol linen 
unfavorably disposed [toward one, Jolle- 
kuUe] , unfavorable; unfriendly; not genial. 
-euoalollltattl unfavorably, unfriendly. 
-euoalollltuus unfavorableness, unfriendli- 
ness; disfavor, -euotulta unfavorable [cli- 
mate, ilmanala; Impression, vaikutelma] ; un- 
friendly, unpropitious; inauspicious; pmHn 
mpdMuotuiMiawa cloUaa under very unfavor- 
able (1. trying) circumstances, under great 



•pitUOtUlMttI 



— 66 — 



•r«hdys 



disadvantages. -auotulMtti unfavorablyt 
unfriendly, unpropitiously, -auotulsuua: 
ilman (\.9iiSn)mpii9uotuiMmiM the unfavora- 
ble weatber, the weather being unfavorable 
(1. unpropitious). -auunnlkat trapezoid; 
(Engl.) trapezium; vrt. epMkiU. -aymmet- 
rinen asynunetrlc(al). -aiinnftllincn Ir- 
regular; not uniform, unequal; anomalous; 
(elJLm&ntavoissaan) erratic; •pUMSdniMU- 
nmn valtimo irregular (I. unequal) pulsa- 
tion. -eiinnAliiacati irregularly; not uni- 
formly. -aiinnAlllayya irregularity; in- 
equality; anomaly, -eiityinen: mpUsMatyi" 
nmn apioliitto mesalliance, misalliance. 
•piHtahti: mpSiahdUta out of time (1. step), 
(esim. soutamisesta:) out of turn (1. uni- 
son); maramia •pHtahdU— march out Of 
Step; aoittaa mpUtahdUaa play out Of time, 
-taiteelilnen inartistic, -tarkatti inaccu- 
rately; inexactly, -tarkka inaccurate, in- 
exact: (ep&luotettava) unreliable, -tark- 
kuua Inaccuracy, inexactitude, inexactness; 
unreliability, -tarkotukaenmukainen ks. 
t«rkotus(taan vastaamaton). -taaalnen un- 
even [surface, plnta]; unequal [division, 
Jako]; (pinnaltaan) rough, rugged; (epft- 
sft&nndllinen) irregular; mpUtnaainmn laku 
odd (1. uneven) number, -taaaiaatti un- 
evenly; unequally, -taaaiauua unevenness, 
inequality (of surface), irregularity (of 
surface) ; ruggedness. -taaaivikinen 1. -voi- 
mainen (of) unequal (strength), not 
matched (in strength). -taaaviklt«ttl un- 
equally, -taaavikiayya inequality (of 
strength), -tavallinan unusual, unwonted; 
vrt. harvinainen. -tarveelllnen unwholesome 
[food, ravinto], unhealthy [climate, llman- 
ala; occupation, toimi]; insanitary, unsan- 
itary; lnJurlous(to the health). -ttrveelliayya 
unwholesomeness. unhealthiness; injurious- 
ness (to the health), -tietaeiilnan unscien- 
tific. -tieteelliaetU unscientifically, -tie- 
t«elll8yya unscientific character (1. nature), 
-tiato uncertainty; suspense, doubt, -tie- 
toinen uncertain, dubious, doubtful [about 
(1. of), Jostakin] ; (horjuva) undecided, 
vague; (kyseenalainen) problematic (al); 
olla •pHtimtoinmn loatahln be In (a State Of) 
suspense (1. uncertainty) as to . . , be in 
doubt about . . ; on •p&timtoiMta, miatU 
ayyMta Mn ««n tmM it Is a question (1. no- 
body knows) why he did it, it is doubtful 
what his reasons were for doing It. -tle- 
toltuut uncertainty: suspense, doubt; 
doubtfulness, dubiousness, -todallinen not 
real, unreal; untrue, false. -toden|mukal- 
nan 1. -nikAinan unlikely, improbable, -to- 
danlmukaiaaatl 1. -nikAiaatti unlikely, im- 
probably, -todenlmukalauua 1. -nikAlsyya 
unlikelihood, improbability, -toivo de- 
spondency, (tolvottomuus) despair, des- 
peration; mpUtoivon partaalla on the verge 
of despondency (1. desperation); mputoivon 
vimmalla With the courage of despair, des- 
perately; olla •pUtoivoama ioat€dtin despair 
of, be In despair about, have given up all hope 
of. -toivoinan desperate [situation, tilan- 
nel. despairing; (toivoton) hopeless; (hen- 
kllOstft:) despondent; dla apiUoivoinmn ioa- 
takin (be in) despair of, be disconsolate 
about, -toivoiaaati desperately; despair- 
ingly; (toivottomasti) hopelessly, -toivol- 
auus desperate state (1. condition), desper- 
ateness: despondency; aaaman apStoivoi- 
autta the desperateness (1. hopelessness) of 
the situation, the desperate state of af- 
fairs, -tovarliiinan uncompanionable, un- 
sociable, -tovarllllaaati uncompanionably, 
unsoclably. -tovapllliauua unsocia|bleness 
(1. -bility). -turvallinan unsafe, insecure. 
-tyydytavi unsatisfactory; on apUiyydyt' 



tuva (myOs:) is not as (1. what) it should 
be. -4yydyitAviati unsatisfactorily. -My- 
dalllnan Incomplete, defective; (puuttuvai- 
nen) imperfect. -tAydalllaaatI not fully 
[developed, kehittynyt], incompletely, im- 
perfectly, •ttydalliayya incompleteness; 
(esim. ihmisen) imperfection. 

•pifluako lack (1. want) of faith, disbelief; 
unbelief; Infidelity; (harhausko) heresy; 
vrt. opMuskoisuus. -uakoinan I. (a.) unbe- 
lieving, disbelieving; incredulous, skeptical. 
II. (s.) unbeliever; skeptic, -uakoiauua in- 
credulity, skepticism; infidelity; (raaro.) 
unbelief; vrt. harhauskoUuus. 

apiDvakainan unsteady [hand, kftsi], unsta- 
ble; (muuttelevainen) changeable, variable, 
unsettled [weather, sfta]; fickle [fortune, 
onni]. -vakaiaaati unsteadily, unstably, -va- 
kaiauua unsteadiness, instability; change- 
ableness, variableness; fickleness, -vapaa 
not free, -varma uncertain [voice, ft&ni], 
not sure; (epftluotettava) unsafe [invest- 
ment, rahansijotus], insecure; (ep&ilyttft- 
vft) doubtful, dubious; (ep&vakainen) un- 
steady [hand, k&si]; vague [promise, lu- 
paus]; (merkitykselt&ftn) ambiguous; apH- 
varmm aiitU, minna Mn foutuu uncertain as 
to what will become of him; apavarmmt 
aaatttvat (kaupp.) bad debts; apUoanmaian 
aaatavian tili Dad accounts; aialia mm aila 
apUvarma hangaatsan one takes one's life 
in one's hands to go there, life is held 
cheap there, -varmaati in an uncertain 
manner, uncertainly, insecurely; unsteadi- 
ly, vaguely; vaatttta apapormaati give an un- 
certain (1. a vague 1. an evasive) reply, 
-varmuua unsafeness, insecurity; uncer- 
tainty; (ep&tletoisuus) suspense; iaada 
apaptn^nuataan h^takin be left in uncer- 
tainty (1. suspense 1. doubt) about a th. 
-varmuuatlla state of uncertainty; sus- 
pense, -viiaaaati imprudently, unwisely; 
ill -advisedly, -viiaaa Imprudent, unwise, 
injudicious: (epftdiplomaattinen) impolitic; 
(huonosti harkittu) ill-advised, -vllaaua 
imprudence, Injudiciousness. -vlraillnan 
unofficial, -vlralllaaatl unofficially, -vl- 
ralllauua unofficial nature (1. character). 

apijlyhtaeliinan (mat.) Incongruous, incon- 
gruent. -yhtaniinan disconnected, dis- 
jointed; incoherent. 

aplva refusal, denial; declination. 

apllJytMvllllnan unfriendly, unkind(ly). 
-yaavilllaaati unkindly, in an unfriendly 
manner, -yaavilllayya unkind (U)ness, un- 
friendliness. 

apilmlnan = opXys. •pilmiitAmyya indis- 
putability, incontestability; undeniableness. 
apiimittAmUtI, apiimlta indisputably, 
Incontestably. unquestionably, undeniably. 
apiimitAn indisputable, incontestable; un- 
questionable: (kielt&m&tOn) undeniable: 
apaamattSman aaiva that does not allow of 
misinterpretation, not to (1. that cannot) 
be misunderstood, unmistakable, (pftivftn- 
selvtt) clear as daylight. 

arakko hermit; anchorite; (yksinolija) re- 
cluse, -alimi hermit's life, life of a her- 
mit (1. a recluse); (yksinftinen) secluded 
(I. solitary) life, -maja hermitage. -Ayrlil- 
nan (elftint.) hermit crab. 

arau part [from (1. with), Jostakin (1. Jos- 
takusta)]; depart [this life, tftsti elttmtts- 
tft] : vrt. erota; '^ toiaiatatm part (com- 
pany), part from each other; taaaa arkmna- 
vat tiamma here our ways part. 

arahdva mistake [about the way, tien suh- 
teenj; (eptthuomiosta Johtunut) oversight, 
blunder, slip; (hairahdus) fault, lapse; 
wrong step (1. move) ; (vlrhe) error; (vM- 
rinymmarrys) misunderstanding; (pois- 



•r«Myttiiiiin«ii 



— 57 



•pilalnM 



JUntt) omission: mrmhdylf—ti, mrrnhdyk" 

mimMMiUm) by mistake, tnrougli a mistake 
[llQOm. myOs: mmn hSn manoi •r^hdykaim' 
MUm fl. mrmhdyhamtU) that was a slip of 
tbe tonrue, be made a (bad) break there] : 
mimdt9 9oi twdia ^ I may make a mistake, 
I may be mistaken; tMssM on ikUvS ~ there 
Is a deplorable mistake (I. error) here. 
•r^hdyttimlnen misleading-; deceiving. 
•p«hdyitivi misleading:, (petollinen) de- 
ceptive, delusive, fallacious, •pehdyitiviail 
misleadinrly* deceptively, fallaciously. 
•r^hdyttAi mislead, lead into an error, 
lead . . astray; (pettiA) deceive, delude. 

•r«lityinin*ii making- a mistake; erring*, •reh- 
iyfiiAtt5myys (esim. paavin) infallibility. 
•f^htymAitAfniatl infallibly, unerringly. 
•p^titymAtAn infallible; (tarkka, varma) 
unerring [eye for . . , silmft n&kem&&n . .], 
unfailing. •r«litynyi mistaken, wrong. 
•r«tityvAiii«ii liable to err, fallible, ereh- 
tyvAlsyys liability to err, fallibility. 

•r«lityA make a mistake, make an error of 
Judgment, be mistaken [In (regard to), 
jossakin (1. Jonkin suhteen); about, Josta- 
ktn] : (halrahtua) err; (pettyft) be deceived; 
(olla vUrftssi) be (in the) wrong; ^ 
hnkwm henkttSn awJammn misjudge a p.; ^ 
kirhitmmaan [sillft tavalla] make [such J a 
slip of tbe pen, make [such] a mistake in 
writing [it]; ^ lMkui9Mam reckon (1. 
count up) wrong, make a mistake (1. an 
error) In one's calculation (I. in one*s fig- 
ures), (kuv. =- pettyA) be mistaken, be de- 
ceived, be disappointed; ^ Monomaan make 
a slip of the tongue, (make a) blunder (In 
speaking), make a (bad) break; ^ vaUmat' 
hmm mrvimimiamsMa (\. iaakuasa) miscalcu- 
late the distance; hMn mrmhtyi oikmaata 
m^msia be took the wrong door, he was 
mistaken about what door to take; hUmn 
dm ffmnin pahaati mrmhtynyt unless Fm 
badly mistaken; wiMi dmt varmamn •rah- 
iynyi you must be (1. you are certainly) 
mistaken (1. in the wrong) about that. 

•ri separate [rooms, huoneet]; distinct; 
(erilainen) different: (usea eri) several 
(different), divers; [nftmft hanslkkaat ovat] 
^ pmria (myds:) [these gloves are] not 
mates: ^ pottJU apart; ^ tahoiUm In dif- 
ferent (1. divers) directions, divergently; 
^ imcoiOm In different ways, diversely; 
hoi mm ^ kmriam three separate times; 
kmkim ^ taio each separate house; [he me- 
ntvitl ktMkin ^ HmtMHn [they went] their 
several ways; monelfa ^ imfaUa (myOs:) 
In various (1. manifold) ways; monmnlaiaia 
^ asinaHM many different kinds of things, 
various things; m muodoatma oman ^ la- 
ktmmm it constitutes a chapter by itself; 
«« Ml kokommn ^ aaim It's an entirely dif- 
ferent thing, that's something entirely dif- 
ferent: wtmmaam ^ HIaUuadmaaa on divers 
(I. different 1. sundry) occasions. 

•ri|alkalii«fi not happening (1. occurring) 
simultaneously, not coincident; mriaikaiaia 
, . from (1. of) different times (1. ages 1. 
epochs). -Aikaltuut non- coincidence: nMi' 
4mm tmpmhhamain mrimikaiamia MaiitiSU .. 
there being no coincidence between these 
events explains ... -arvolnan: mriarvaiaia 
. . of different value(s), differing In value. 
— Ul titi; •HmatmiMia (eslm. kulmista:) of 
various degrees, (kehitykseensft n&hdenr) 
at (L in 1. of) various stages, -karvainen 
ks. •rivIriMo. -fciallnm: mrikimUmia mho- 
■Mrf«A«M [lentolehtiftl papers [pamphlets] 
(printed) in various languages. 

•rikoliMn separate; Individual; (eritjTinen) 
particular. (e)^>ecial; (tavalllsesta polkkea- 
va) extraordinary, singular, signal, marked; 



(omltuinen) peculiar; (mft&rfttty) specific; 
•rikoiamn kS. hakUS.; mrikoiMmt oionhtmmt 
peculiar circumstances; mrikoiMmt toimmn- 
pitmmt extraordinary measures; mrikoi»iamm 
tapaukaiBaa In special cases, in specific 
instances: vrt. erikoUtapausi muodomtaa 
Oman mrikoiamn lukunam forms a chapter by 
itself. 

•rikois- (yhd.) special, (harvemmin:) par- 
ticular [esim. -aaiamios special agent; 
'kuoii special (1. particular) care; -kirfomn' 
vmhtaSa special correspondent; -komitmm 
special committee; -looMa special (1. par- 
ticular) class; 'Virkamios special officer]. 
-ala special line, particular field; specialty. 
-asema 1. (poikkeus-) exceptional position; 
2. (etuoikeutettu) privileged position. 
-asia separate (1. special) case, -ehto spe- 
cial condition (1. clause); specification. 

•rikoiaemmin more particularly; specifical- 
ly; kUn oi aits aan ^ aaiittHnyt he did not 
give any more (1. further) particulars 
about it. erikolaen particularly [accurate, 
tarkka]; singularly; exceptionally; arikoi- 
amn aopiva Singularly adapted, particularly 
suited, apikoiaentaa specify, particularize. 
•rikoiaMtl specifically; particularly; (e)spe- 
clally; (nimenomaan) expressly; (erikseen) 
separately, mdividually. 

•rikolaleiu (special) privilege, -huone 
separate room; (yksltyls-) private room. 
-kohta particular detail; specification. 
-kohtainen specified; (yksltyls-) detailed, 
-kohtalaeati specifically, -kokoua separate 
meeting, -kupsai special course (of study). 
-kyaymys (eri) separate question; (erikol- 
nen) special question, -iaaiulnen . . of spe- 
cial (1. extraordinary 1. peculiar) charac- 
ter; special, particular, -ieima peculiar 
characteristics (1. traits), -luatttlo special 
catalogue (1. list); specifications, -luonne 
peculiar (1. unique) character (1. nature). 
•K>ikaua ks. erioikeus. -oiot peculiar (I. ex- 
traordinary) circumstances (1. conditions); 
(poikkeus-) exceptional (1. unusual) cir- 
cumstances (1. conditions), -plirre peculiar 
(I. unique) feature (1. trait), -rauha sepa- 
rate peace, -teikka particular, detail; item. 

•rikoistaa specialize. 

•rikolsfltapaus particular (1. specific) case; 
special (1. specific) instance; (polkkeusta- 
paus) exception; tUnoaataan arikoiatapank' 
aiaaa in extraordinary cases only, only ex- 
ceptionally; kuaaakin arikoiatapaakaaaaa in 
each individual (1. separate 1. particular) 
case. 

•rikoiatua specialize, •rikolatumlnen (biol.) 
specialization, differentiation. 

•rlkoiantunttmua special knowledge; (erl- 
kolsen tarkka) deep (1. thorough) knowl- 
edge, -tuntija specialist [in women's dis- 
eases, naistentautien alalia], -tutkimut 
special Investigation (1. study) ; monograph. 

•rfkoiauua specialty; (omltulsuus) peculiar- 
ity, peculiar trait (1. character 1. nature). 

•rikoiavapo special tax. 

•rikokoinen: arikokoiaat .. Of unequal size, 
unequal. 

•riksaen [my5s: arikaa\ni, 'ai Jne.] sepa- 
rately. Individually; (syrjftftn) aside, apart; 
(ykslkseen) alone; kakin arikaaan each one 
separately (1. individually), severally. 

•riilaatulnan dissimilar, heterogeneous; vrt. 
erilainen; arilamtuiaia ainaiia different 
kinds of substances, substances of various 
kinds, -laatuiauua dissimilarity; heteroge- 
neous nature (1. character), heterogfenelty. 

•rllainan different [from ..]; unlike, dls- 
sinUlar; unequal; ^ kwdn mttut different 
from others, unlike others; (uselta) erifol- 
aia , . (myds:) various, divers; t ' 



•plIaiMtti 



— 58 — 



•rlsuuruln^fi 



tanUi entirely unlike (1. different from) 
this; mita mrHaiBimmai ainrnkaet entirely 
different (1. the most heterogeneous) ele- 
ments. •PilaiMtti (tolsln) differently. In a 
different way, otherwise; (erl tavollla) In 
various ways. •Pilalatua become different; 
(muuttua) change, alter; (blol.) differenti- 
ate, •rilalstuminen (blol.) differentiation, 
specialization, •piiaiauua dissimilarity, dis- 
similitude, unllkeness [to, Johonkln verra- 
ten]; inequality, disparity; (eroavalsuus) 
difference, diversity; palkkofmn (\. paiktm) 
•ritdnmrn difference in salaries (1. wages), 
inequality of wages. 

•rillean [myOs: mriUmlni, -H Jne.] apart, 
asunder; aside; (Joskus:) off; ks. Joutua, 
kMydK, panna, pilUti y. m. 

•riiliin [myOs: «HIIfi|m, -H Jne.] separate- 
ly, apart [from, Jostakin] ; -* miaoa parU' 
kanta a separated (1. parted) couple, a 
couple who do not live together; ^ mtdHa 
•IcU/tf recluse ; ^ ol^va separated, detached ; 
separate; (erilleen otettu) disjoined; 
disconnected; (eristetty) isolated; ^ toi- 
BiMtaan apart (from each other), separated; 
he miapSt •- (toiaiMtaan) they live apart, 
they don't live together, -asumlnen (avio- 
puolisolden) separation. iK>lo (state of) 
separation. 

•rillinen separate; separated, detached; 
(eristetty) isolated; ^ asmma Isolated posi- 
tion, eriilityys isolation; separation. 

•ri|Iiuokkain«ffi: mrauohkaiHa . . Of different 
(1. various) classes, -luontolnen . . of dif- 
ferent nature (1. character), unlike, -luon- 
toltaati differently. In a different manner; 
unequally, -luontoiauua dissimilarity, un- 
llkeness; heterogeneous (1. mixed) charac- 
ter (1. nature). -mlelln«n: mrimieiift not 
agreeing; divided (in opinion), (riltalset) 
not at one with each other, embroiled, . . at 
variance (1. odds) ; hm divot mrimidisia sii- 
ta, miun «« oiM uhtava they could not 
agreed. they disagreed) as to how it should 
be done, they were divided about (1. as to) 
how it should be done. -mleilMttl not in 
unison, -inleiityys difference (1. diver- 
gence) of opinion [on a question, Johonkln 
kysymykseen nfthden] , difference; disagree- 
ment, discordance; dissension; on dmnHu- 
9a mrimimlimyytta mHhmn nahdmn, miten . . 
there is considerable difference of opinion 
as to how . . , opinions differ as to how . . . 
-muoioinen (tolsenmuotoinen) . . of a dif- 
ferent shape (1. form), unlike; mrimwu>toi' 
«ja . . of varied forms, multiform, diversi- 
form. 

•rin ks. erft. 

•rinlminen having a different name; mrinimi- 
Ha . . ot various names, . . with different 
names; erinimisia murtolttkuja fractions 
with no common denominator. 

•rinomalnen (mainio) excellent, capital; 
first -class, first-rate, (Jkpv.) tiptop; (har- 
vlnalnen) extraordinary, unusual; •rinomd" 
««n ks. hakus.; mrinomaMmaa tapanksimam 
in extraordinary cases, (poikkeus-) in ex- 
ceptional cases, erlnomalaan particularly 
[well, hyrin], especially; extraordinarily; 
most [beautiful, kaunis], exceedingly [im- 
portant, tarkeftj, extremely [useful. hy5- 
dyllinen] ; eminently; mrinomaiMen hiono (L 
tarkka) maku exquisite taste; mrinomaiBmn 
Boplva iohonkin Singularly (1. remarkably 
well) adapted to . .; vrt. erittiUn. erln- 
omaiMttl (mainlosti) excellently: capitally; 
very (1. extraordinarily) well, (Jkpv.) first- 
rate, fine; han i€disaa mrinomdMoati She IS 
doing fine, erinomalauua excellent qual- 
ities, excellence. 



•rlnoiii«ltt«in(kln) particularly, especially; 
in particular; (etup&Assft) preferably. 

•p|niln«n particular, specified, specific; 
(erlllinen) separate(d); isolated; mrinaisim- 
sa taadma— m specific diseases; faiMBokin 
mrtnaimUMa tapaakgUwrn in certain specified 
cases, in some specific instances, (barvoin) 
in rare cases; rarely, occasionally. erlnAi- 
•eatl specifically; separately. Individually, 
•piniiayys separation, isolation. 

•ri|nik«lnen . . of a different aspect (1. ap- 
pearance); •rinakSida .. of different as- 
pects, . . varying In appearance, unlike (in 
appearance), dissimilar; vdimkad ooat hy» 
vin •rinakSiMd the brothers are very unlike 
in appearance (1. do not look at all alike), 
-nikolayys unllkeness (in appearance); 
dissimilarity. 

•riniin [orinaini, -d Jne.] ks. •rilliSn. 

•pIBoikeudelllnan privileged. -olk«ud«ton 
unprivileged, -oikaua privilege; (erlvapau- 
tus) immunity; mridkmAda fmattivm 
(myOs:) privileged, -oikauuttu privileged, 
-painos excerpt; offprint, -parinan: mripa- 
riamt hanaikkami gloves that are not mates; 
•ripmiamt Uhdd (kasv.) alternate leaves, 
-piiki: aripitkia imwOoia boards Of different 
lengths, boards of unequal length, -purai- 
nan divided, embroiled, discordant; not at 
one with each other; . . at variance, . . at 
odds; aripurdnan ptnriakunta a husband 
and wife who cannot agree (1. who do not 
get along well together); aaurmn iaaaniata 
on hyvin aripuroiata the members of the 
society are very much divided among 
themselves; vrt. riitalMu -puraitatti dis- 
cordantly; at variance; not in unison, -pu- 
raiauua disagreement, discord, dissension; 
division (In the camp); friction; variance; 
aripurdatmtta aynnyttava . . causing dis- 
cord (1. friction 1. lack of harmony), -ro- 
iuinan: ariroHdaio Uhmia [konofo] eows 
[hens] of different breeds, -aauralnan un- 
social; (usk.) separatist(ic) ; hanonoriaau' 
rajn«n(myOs:)he keeps aloof from others, 
-aauralauua aloofness, lack of sociability; 
(usk.) separatism, vrt. lahkoUisuus. -ai- 
aillykainen . . with different contents; 
(useammasta puhuen:) .. of varied con- 
tents, -aivulnen (mat.) scalene [triangle, 
kolmlo]. 

•risBkummainan curious, strange, singular; 
peculiar; queer, odd; (merklllinen) re- 
markable: (ihmeellinen) wonderful, mar- 
velous; (kuulumaton) extraordinary, -kum- 
maitaail curiously, strangely Jne., vrt. 
edell. -fcuininaiauua strangeness, peculiar- 
ity, singularity; queemess, oddness; re- 
markable thing, curious fact, curiosity. 

•rianimi (kiel.) proper noun. 

•riautiy isolated; (fys. k tekn.) insulated, 
•pittyminen isolation. 

arittya isolation; (tekn.) Insulation. 

ariatya- (yhd.) Insulating [esim. 'karroa in- 
sulating layer; 'nauho Insulating tape; 
•pntki insulating tubel. -«ina insulator. 

•riatyi (be) separate(d); be(come) isolated 
(fys.: insulated); (Irrota) be(come) de- 
tached. 

ariataji (fys.) insulator; (Joskus:) Isolator. 
-va«tua (fys.) insulation resistance. 

arlatiminen separation (from others), isola- 
tion; (fys.) insulation, arlatii separate 
from others, isolate, (fys.) Insulate; (ir- 
rottaa) detach. 

•rilltuuntainan: ariammtddo . . going (1. 
tending) in different (1. various) direc- 
tions; diverging, divergent; (erilainen) 
different, unlike, -auuntalauua divergence; 
difference, diversity, -auuruinan: ariauu- 
rdaio [perunoita] [potatoes] of different 



— 59 — 



(L Tarloos) sites, [potatoes] of unequal 
sixe. ^ourulsuiie Inequality (of slse). 
•«litylneii: mHMMMMaa rnimMM /a mdHa 
men aixl women of dtrrerent (1. various) 
orders of society, -eiityltyys social In- 
equality. 

erite (fyslol.) secretion. 

erIteHa set aside (1. apart), separate: divide 
(out); serre^te; (kern. y. m.) analyse, 
(metalleja) assay; (luokltella) classify. 

erltMi(kln) — erltotMCkla). 

erftertlnen (kasv.) . . with separate petals. 

erltoCMi(klii) specifically; particularly, es- 
pecially; In particular, above all [when . . , 
kun . . J ; . . jy ^ ejbior . . and this (one) In 
particular (I. above all this one), . . and 
more particularly this one. 

iflttilsmlneii setting apart; separatlna*, dl- 
Tkimr (out); (nios.) analysing; (luoldtte- 
Icmmen) classifying* classification, erlt- 
tety (kem.) analysis. 

•rittymiiieii segregation; (fyslol.) secretion. 
erittyi (eritt) segregate; vrt. erUtyl; (fy- 
slol.) be secreted. 

•Httiln particularly, especially; (sangen) 
very, exceedingly, extraordinarily; (erlk- 
seen) separately, individually; mi ^ not 
rtry: kukim «-' each one separately (1. In- 
dividually), •ritlilnkin (more) particular- 
ly, (more) especially. In particular, above 
all; (etusljassa) before all. In the first 
place (1. instance); nittiUnkin kun .. in 
particular when . . , above all when . . . 

•rItUtaniiieii (fyslol.) secretion; (erlst&ml- 
nen) segregation, erlttivi secreting, sec- 
retory, erittii segregate; (fyslol.) secrete 
ra fluids nestettt] ; vrt. •HtelUL 

•rityliieii particular, (e)speclal; (eri) sepa- 
rate, distinct; Individual: (erlkolnen) spe- 
cific; (tavaillsesta polkkeava) extraordi- 
nary; mrUyismm kS. hakUS.; Ommn Tityiaia 
sjM without any particular reasons (1. 
eflDedal reason); Ommm mHtyUta ivipmm 
without n>eclal permission; H tmHaSn mri" 
tyimia nothing (in) particular, nothing spe- 
cial; vrt. erikslBeB. erltylaen particularly, 
extraordinarily [difficult, vaikea], extra- 
ordinary, (Jln>v.) extra [large, suurl; 
strong, vahvaj; mrityUmn mnkmrmt toimt^ 
pUmmi (myOs:) drastic measures, erityitetti 
(e)speclaily, partlcularlv; (vartavasten) 
purposely; (nunenomaan) expressly; «H- 
tyimmmH mita pmrtmm (e) specially for that, 
for that particular purpose, expressly for 
that purpose. 

•ritytolkyayiiiya special question, -luettelo 
specification, -tolmi special position, spe- 
cial work. 

•myieyye distinctive quality (1. character) ; 
speclaUDty; mrHyUyykaia specialties; mi 
■lifllw mrityiayykaia nothing special. 

erltya (fysioL) secretion; (yhd.) secretory 
[estm. ■■Wilt secretory organs]. 

erHt part: detach Itself, split off; (olla erl- 
lalnen) differ, diverge;; (geol. y. m.) seg- 
regate: '^ tamta mmaifmmMtm depart this life, 
leave this world; tmtmUpHmmi mriavat opin- 
ions differ. 

erllvefc^iiMM heterodox, -vekolsuus hetero- 
doxy. ««afco lain ew I. (a.) heterodox. 11. (s.) 
dissenter, nonconformist. 

eriMkotaisllaki Dissenters* Bill, Noncon- 
fonnlst Act. ^•arakmita congregation of 
dissenters, nonconformist congregation. 

eHvapavUia exemption (1. Immunity) [from, 
jOStakln] ; dispensation; mriompmutnkmmn 
mmtmt exempt(ed) ; mitaa ^ loffdhiir* grant 
one exemption (from, Jostakin]. -liakemus 
application for exemption (1. Immunity). 

•wv l if i iie n . . of a different color [than . . , 
.] : < i fail wa AoWUe flowers of va- 



rious hues (1. of different colors), flowers 
varying in color; mrivaHmia mattmia pat- 
terns in different colors. 

eriiminen parting: differing, diverging; seg- 
regation ; vrt. erltl. •riAmtttdmiati Insepa- 
rably. erlAmitftn Inseparable, eriava differ- 
ing, divergent, dissenting [view, kisltys] ; 
(erilainen) different, dissimilar, unlike; 
maittaa mriava mimiipidm fmmamkin kyymyh' 
mm— a present a dissenting (1. hold a differ- 
ent) opinion in regard to (1. about) a ques- 
tion. erIivainMi - erllvIL eriAvAlsyys dif- 
ference; divergence. 
erkanematon ks. «roaiiiatoB. erkanen ks. erata. 

Krkki Eric. Ernaatl Ernest. 

•po parting; separation: divorce (varsinkin: 
avioero); (erotus) difference, distinction; 
(esim. kohtelussa:) discrimination; (eroa- 
valsuus) disparity [of (1. in), jossakln]; 
(virka-) resignation, retirement; (eroon 
vet&ytsrminen) withdrawal; '^ virmmta ks. 
virkaero; mron kmtU the hour of parting 
[has come, on tullut] ; mron maantit ks. 
•roBMaaut (hakUS.) ; mromma toimimtaan apart 
(from each other), separated, vrt. •rlUllB; 
mttam ^ hUmkvUm discharge (1. dismiss) 
one; minimtmrimtSn '^ on makdoUinmn the 
resignation of the cabinet is possible; nH- 
dmn patiUa on muoH ^ there Is a great (deal 
of) difference between them; mm vmin mroa 
mtta .. with the only difference that . .; 
vrt. myOs: avlc*, •KUty*, ▼Irka'* y. m. 

eroamaton not differing; (virastaan) not 
resigning (1. retiring); (erottamaton) in- 
separable; hm ooat mro€unmttommt ymtaoyk' 
mmt they are inseparable friends, eroamat* 
tomaati inseparably. 

•poamlnen parting, separation; (virasta) re- 
signation; (ssrrjaftn vet&ytsrminen) with- 
drawal, retirement; vrt. aro. eroamitvuoro 
turn to retire (1. withdraw); mrommimvum- 
romma oimoa retiring [member of the com- 
mittee, komltean Jftsenl. eroava (eriftvft) 
differing, divergent, dissenting [opinion, 
mteliplde] ; (virasta) retiring [official, vir- 
kamles], withdrawing, resigning, outgoing 
[minister, mlnisteri]. eroavainen differing; 
(erilainen) different, dissimilar, unlike; 
(polkkeava) divergent; dissenting; vrt. 
edell. Ja arilvl. aroavalsuus difference, di- 
versity; divergence; (arvossa. asemassa y. 
m.) disparity: (erilaisuus) dissimilarity: 
inequality: vrt. arilvlUyya; pimnia arvoval- 
muokmia slight differences. 

•poliakemus resignation; vrt. JIttil. 

erolaleet parting; (eroiaisjunla) farewell 
entertainment. 

eroJalsRhetkl hour of parting; their last 
hour together. -Juhia farewell reception 
(1. banquet), -maija parting toast. 

erolkakkerit farewell entertainment (1. par- 
ty 1. banquet), -fclrja 1. (avioero-) bill of 
divorce: 2. — aroklrja. -kirje letter break- 
ing an engagement: (hyvftstijfttto-) letter 
to tell one good-by(e). -kohta point of dis- 
agreement (1. of variance) ; point of diver- 
gence, -kyynel parting tear, -kisky order 
(1. command) to resign. 

eponfhetki hour of parting, time to say 
good-by. -pyyntd resignation, -saanut hon- 
orably discharged; retired. 

erolperutte (avio-) grounds for divorce. 
-«oitto ringing off. -^opirnua (avio-) agree- 
ment to separate. 

erota part [with one, Jostakusta] : separate 
[from ..]; sever; (eriti) detach itself, 
spilt off; (avlopuolisolsta puhuen:) sepa- 
rate, (be) part(ed), be divorced; (ottaa 
ero) retire, resign; (poistua) withdraw 
[from ..]; (JftttM) leave, quit; (poiketa) 
deviate, diverge; (olla erilainen) differ; 



•rotella 



— 60 — 



•roMi tumu (kuoll) departed this life; ^ 
lomtakin (puolueesta. yhdistyksesti y. m.) 
withdraw from, resign one's membership 
in, leave, quit, (jonkin yhteydestil) sever 
one's connections with, break with, (val- 
tioista puhuen:) secede from; (omlnalsuuk- 
sUtaan) differ from, be different from, be 
unlike; ^ ioMtakusta part from . . , leave 
one, (avlolllsesti) separate from . . , di- 
vorce one, (ominaisuuksiltaan) differ from 
. . , be unlike one; '^ koulwuta leave 
(1. quit) school; ^ liikmktimppanattdmsta 
withdraw from the (I. dissolve) partner- 
ship; -' toimmMtaan leave (1. give up 1. re- 
sign) one's position, (Jkpv.) quit one's 
place; ^ toiMistaan part (aviopuolisoista 
puhuen:) separate, be divorced, get a dl- 

, vorce, (toistensa seurasta) part company; 
(ominaisuuksiinsa nfthden) differ (from 
each other); -' t^iroBtaian) resign (one's 
office), retire; <« virasta •lUkkmrnUU retire 
on a pension, be pensioned off; ^ Jonkin 
yhtmydmmtd sever one's connections with . . , 
withdraw from, break with; (valtioista pu- 
huen.) secede from .. [esim. mrota kirkon 
yhtmydmstd Withdraw from (1. break with) 
the church, (myds:) leave the church; 11 
•teiSoattioia Toai liittotaaavaUan yhUvdeM- 
ts a southern states seceded (1. withdrew) 
from the Union] ; — yliopistomia give up (1. 
not go on with) one's studies in the univer- 
sity, leave (1. quit) college; mrotkaatnnf y- 
tUoina let us part (as) friends; han mrooa 
Uiak9i mwUsta he differs too much from 
other people; «« «roaa auurmmti mntisiMta it 
differs greatly from the previous ones, it 
Is very unlike the former ones; iUMmU «roa- 
vaf timmme here our ways part: virasta 
eronnut retired [captain, kapteeni]; ifirka- 
mimhmn mroteMsa at the resignation of an 
official, when an official resigns. 

•pottlla separate, be separating; (Jaotella) 
divide; vrt. eHtellX; - luokkiin classify. 

•rotodistus (koulusta) certificate of stand- 
ings. 

•rottaa separate [from, Jostakin], part [the 
fighters, tappelljat] ; (vttklvaltalsesti) sev- 
er [the head from the body, pAft ruumils- 
tal ; sunder; (irrottaa) detach; (Jakaa) di- 
vide; (Jotakin yhteenkuuluvaa) disunite, 
disjoin; (arvostelukykynsft avulla) distin- 
guish [a friend from a foe, ystftvft vlholli- 
sestal. discriminate [between honest and 
dishonest people, rehelliset Ihmiset epttre- 
helllsistai.see the difference, discern [good 
and evil, hyvft Ja paha], (Joskus:) tell 
[right from wrong, olkea vftftrftstA] ; (huo- 
mata Joku kaukainen eslne) descry; (tol- 
mesta 1. virasta) remove (from office) , (Jo- 
ku ylhftlnen henklld) depose, (palvelukses- 
ta) discharge, dismiss; ^ mrillmmn ks. "^ 
muista; -' loku ioMt€dtin [esim. virasta, pal- 
veluksesta, toimesta] remove one from 
[office], dismiss one from [service, em- 
ployment]; ^ [oppllas] kouluMta expel [a 
pupil] (from school), (vanh.) rusticate, 
(Jok.sfkin ajaksi) suspend [a pupil] (from 
school): -' maiata set apart, single (out): 
-• [kaukana vuoren] pHrtmmt descry [a 
mountain in the far distance] ; '« toiBimtaan 
part, disunite; distinguish one from an- 
other [huom. myds: ndkH kmldUt toimUtaan 
-• what separates them? what keeps 
them apart?]; -' tyUmimM discharge a la- 
borer, (Jkpv.) give a laborer his time; ^ 
Joku ty»9ta discharge one, hand one his 
time; ^ virmsta remove (from office), dis- 
miss, discharge; '*' Jokin Jostakin viUismi- 
nSUa partition . . off; •^ yliopiatoMta expel 
from college, (Jokslkin ajaksi) suspend 
from college; «n poi MilmillUni mitUUn '^ 



I'm unable to discern anything; kMn mi voi 
<« kyvua pahaata he is unable to dis- 
tinguish (between) good and bad, he can't 
tell good from evil. 

•poitaja (esim. kerman) separator; (jakaja) 
divider. 

erotUmaton inseparable; (virasta) irremov- 
able; <« osa Vmnaian valtakuntam an inte- 
gral part of the Russian Empire. erotUi- 
mattomasii Inseparably. 

•pottaminan separation, parting; severance; 
(silmllia tai arvostelukyvyllA) discernment, 
discrimination, distinction; (toimesta, vi- 
rasta) removal, dismissal (from office): 
(Jakaminen) division; (irrottaminen) de- 
tachment; '« oppilaitokamsta expulsion 
(from school), (Jokslkin ajaksi) suspension 
from school (1. college) ; kirkon ^ vaiiiomta 
separation of Church and State, the dis- 
establishment of the Church, arottamiaval- 
U authority (l. power) to expel (1. dis- 
charge 1. remove from office). 

•rottautua part, detach Itself, split off; sep- 
arate: (erota) differ, (ntt61taan) be dis- 
cerned, be distinguished; (vetftytyft eroon) 
withdraw [from, Jostakin]; (erlstftytyft) 
isolate O.S.; aion '^ koko iutnata I intend to 
withdraw entirely from the affair (1. case), 
•poitautuminan differing; withdrawal, erot- 
tautuva: muiata (adukammn) mr9ttmutta>m 
singled out from others, distinguished from 
the crowd. 

•poiiua separate, split off; (n&ky&) be dis- 
cerned, be distinguished. 

apotuomarl (urh.) umpire. 

apotus difference, distinction,, (kohtelussa 
y. m.) discrimination; (erilaisuus) Inequal- 
ity, disparity; (mieliplteen y. m.) diversity; 
myos '-= erottaminen; arotakamkai joatakin 
as distinguished from, by way of distinc- 
tion from, in contradistinction to . . ; ilman 
mrotuata Without discrimination (1. tlistlnc- 
tlon), Indiscriminately, promiscuously 
[huom. koikki ilman mrotuata (my5s:) all 
without respect of persons] ; niidan vaiinmn 
'^ the difference (1. distinction) between 
them, -aumma (liik.) balance, -tulli dif- 
ferential duty. 

arovirsi parting song (1. hymn). . 

arupilivivuorilajii (geol.) igneous rocks. 

art (till-) item, entry; (ma&r&) amount, 
(alnetta) quantity; (tavaraa) consignment, 
lot; (osuus) share; (saalls) catch, capture; 
(kerta) time; mraitanaa, araitaan at a time 

[esim. kakai arMtaan two at a time; ykai 
eraitaan one at a time, (yksltellen) one by 
one] ; vahin erin (tavarasta y. m.:) in small 
lots (1. quantities I. portions), (rahasta y. 
m.:) in small amounts (1. payments), (v&- 
httn kerrallaan) a little at a time, (vftbltel- 
len) little by little, gradually; taiia araa this 
time, for the time being, for the present. 

arimaa wilderness, desert, waste; solitude; 
(korpi) the wild; aramtddmn aautna settle- 
ment of the wilderness; Lapiaaa on atmrim 
mrammta there are vast wilds in Lapland. 

arimaan- (yhd.) desert, . . of the desert 
[esim. 'kmimot desert tribes, tribes of the 
desert; 'himkka desert sand, sand of the 
desert; -kaaviato desert flora; -evaU wind 
of the desert], -kalialnan desert-like, -fcan- 
•at the peoples of the desert, -myraky des- 
ert storm; (hiekka-) sand storm, -vaallua 
wandering in the wilderness; Journey In 
the desert, 

•rinll kiviji hunter, -kiynti hunting. 

aria I. (a.) one, a, an; (erftftnlalnen) a cer- 
tain; (monlkossa: erftftt) certain, some; 
mraan karran once; araana paipana one 
day; araat mmit certain (I. some) other 
people; taaaa araana paivana [yana] the 



— fti — 



••IMetutoiiiliMn 



otber day [nlrbt]; f£MA •HUbUl puonim 
some (L a few) years ago; n. (s.) one, a 
person; (joku) somebody, (monikossa:) 
some; ^ JMcfX one of tbem; ^, hka H 
hmimm ilm»ttam nimmSMn one (1. a person) 
wlio wlslies to keep bis Identity unknown 
(1. wbo doesnt want bis name made pub- 
lic); ^ (muMmn) m^dimtani one of my 
uncles, an uncle of mine; mrWU hmitts some 
(1. certain) of tbem; erdSt, iatka . . certain 
persons wbo . . . efiinlalnen certain, . . of 
a certain kind, a certain kind of . .; (Jon- 
klnlalnen) some kind of . .; mrBiMUdnmn ko^ 
#«. hkm .. a certain kmd of apparatus 
wbicb . .; mrMMnlmimmt ihmUmt certain kind 
(1. type) Of pe(^>le, a kind (1. sort) of people. 

•el- (ybd.) pre- [esim. -himtoHm preblstory; 
"krUimMkmn precbrlstlan] ; vrt. etu-. 
-Iiiatorfallinen prebistoric; •aihiMtTiaUUmt 
m^mmiak99i preblstoric ages. 

Mi in forward, fortb; out; to tbe front; 
•melkeln aina verbien ybteydessft kftytet- 
tyni; ks. esim. astua, hnntM, kahraa, pis- 
tu, tnodU]. -huttto call; calling over (of 
names); reading a list of names, -kalvami- 
■Ml digging out, uneartblng; excavation(8). 
-loltaimliien L -fnanaaminen conjuring up, 
calling (1. bringing) back, -pittivi pro- 
jecting, beetling. Jutting; protruding; 
MBJimpiBtMpa kohia projection, prominence, 
protuberance, -iullui ks. MtUmut; msUn" 
ttJImmmim Myywiii (1. T.) for unexpected 
causes, for reasons over wbicb we bave no 
cootrol. 

•ailntuoda bring (up), present; (pubeessa) 
set fortb, set out; set (1. put) before ..; 
(buomauttaa) bold fortb (1. out); (lausua) 
give, advance, state, allege; '^ mrana fo«l- 
mwikhBjm bring up (1. present 1. advance 1. 
allege) certain facts; ^ kUtahMmnMm express 
(1. give voice to) one's tbanks (1. grati- 
tude); mttX aimwMm on msiintuUavmnm poo- 
hmtmk99ka€H wbat bave you to say in your 
defense? wbat can you offer (1. give) as 
an excuse? 

•eiiiityja performer; mwUntylMi tbose appear- 
ing (L taking part) In tbe performance, 
tbe performers. 

•eiiatyiiiliieii appearance; (kftyttftytymlnen) 
demeanor, d^rtment. bebavlor, conduct; 
bearing, carriage; air; (lOytyminen) occur- 
rence; presence; hthmm fl. MvytHn) '^ 
(myOs:) impudence, affrontery; paanx- 
0M(im&m) ^ (display of) firmness, firm ac- 
tion, resolution. (Jonkun) tbe determined 
stand taken by one. 

•eiiDtyiiilslkyky ability as public perform- 
er; (kiyttiytymlskyky) grace of manner, 
well-bred air. -oikeus rigbt (1. permission) 
to appear, -talto I. •» •sUntymUkyky; 2, 
(alytt&m61li) dramatic ability (1. talent); 
vrt. Muraatolataita. -tapa (objelmansuorl - 
tuksessa y. m.) delivery; (k&yttftytymista- 
pa) ways and manners. -4oUuinus (nflyt- 
tam6-) experience on tbe stage; (seuruste- 
itt-) familiarity witb tbe ways of society 
(1. witb good society), etllntynvl: ••Unty- 
MMtl syymiM on account of wbat bas (I. 
of tbings wbicb bave) turned up; vrt. •siia- 

tnlfait. 

•tiiDtyi (tulla nAkyviln) make one's appear- 
ance, appear [as a writer, kirjailijana; on 
tlie stage, n&yttimOlli], present o.s.; come 
In sigbt, come into view; stand out; (ylei- 
sdn edess&) come before tbe public [as a 
speaker, pubujana]; (nijrtteliJOisti y. m. 
pubuen:) perform; (niytteliJA- y. m. seu- 
meista:) give performances, give a per- 
formance; (kiytUytyi) cany (1. conduct 1. 
comport 1. bear) o.8. [witb dlgnl^, ar- 
vokkautl], tot [dltcourteoutly, ^uobte- 



llaastl]; (sattua) occur, biq)pen, (odotta- 
matta) turn up; mnintyy (tavataan) is met 
with, is found, occurs, appears; m9iintyy 
aeiommmin Stands out more clearly, appears 
more clear (1. more distinct 1. in sharper 
outlines); ^ mduksmmn make a favorable 
impression; ^ •pHhahuiiaaMti (myds:) be 
discourteous; ^ htaonoMma vaioaaa appear 
(1. stand) in a bad light; ^ iulkiMmsH (\. 
fnUdmuudm99a) appear In public (I. before 
the public), come before the public, make 
a public appearance: ^ jtdMsmna puhuicnm 
(myds.) speak In public; ^ kohtmUaoMti act 
(1. be) courteous, behave (1. act) like a 
gentleman; ^ Jossakin oMoaaa (nftytt&mOl- 
1ft) appear as . . , act the part of . . [esim. 
hUn •siiniyy Hnnimtin omaaMa he Will appear 
as Hamlet, he will act the part of Hamlet] ; 
^ pmlkurimaiMmsH act the coward; «« pSMt- 
tSvUimmMti' act resolutely (1. witb resolu- 
tion), display (1. show) firmness, take a 
firm stand [in, Jossakin]; •^ iodUiajana 
appear (1. come forward) as a witness [for 
one, Jonkun puolesta; against one, Jotaku- 
ta vastaan] ; ^ Jotakuta vastaan (lak.) ap- 
pear against one; •^ v&iHdl&n& act as (a) 
mediator, act the part of a mediator; — 
yiimimliM€9ti (I. omaoaitmt9—ti ) act domi- 
neering, domineer; kyymy maiiniyy the 
question is brought up, (syntyy) a ques- 
tion arises (1. comes up); Mmmttaa '^ smik- 
kola, iatko . . things may turn up that (I. 
which) . .; M^mmoinmn piirrm mmilntyy such 
a trait appears (1. is met with) ; tt^tohtumia 
msiintyy events occur (1. happen 1. come 
up), things turn up (1. happen). 

•all-isi: ««j-/«tff forefathers, ancestors, pro- 
genitors; m»i-i»Uin ptdvmiuM worship of an- 
cestors, -kartano forecourt; vestibule: 
tmmppmlin muikartano (raam.) the (outer) 
court of the temple, -kaupunki suburb; 
(syrjftkaupunki) outskirts (of a town); 
•mkaupnnigin oMukosliMkn the suburban pop- 
ulation. 

•aikko. esikkA (kasv.) primrose; (Engl.) 
cowslip. 

•aikolnen I. (a.) first-bom. II. (s.) firstling; 
hmiddn mgikolamnaa their first-bom son. 

•aikois- (ybd.) first [estm. -Ao« first at- 
tempt; -mno first poem]. iK>ikeu« (right 
of) primogeniture; (esim. raam.) birth- 
right, -teoa [one's] first work. 

•alkoiauus primogeniture; (vars. raam.) 
birthright. 

•aikrlatiilinen precbrlstlan; mMtkrimtnUumUa 
aialia (my6s:) before the Christian era. 

•tikunu (sot.) staff, staff -officers, -piiliik- 
k6 chief of (the) staff, -upaeerl staff- 
officer, officer of the staff. 

•aiUkuva type, prototype; exemplar; (malli) 
pattern, model; (Ihanne-) paragon, mirror; 
mgikavaksi kmlpaaoa exemplary, vrt. malli- 
kslpoinen; hyvmn esikuva paragon (1. pat- 
tern 1. model) of virtue, -kuvallinen ex- 
emplary; typical. -kuvailiaetti exemplarily; 
typically. 

•aiiiina apron; (lapsen) pinafore, eailiinan- 
nauha apron-string, •ailiinavaate (1. v.) 
gingham, calico. 

•ailHU (kiel.) prefix. 

•aille forward, forth; out; to the front; be- 
fore; [melkeln aina verbien kanssa kftytet- 
tynft, ks. esim. astua, ottaa, tulla, tuoda] ; 
kUH -• (1. V.) put (1. take) out your hand, 
let's see your hand, -aatumlnen coming (l. 
stepping) forth (1. forward), -^uuto call. 
-oitaminen taking (1. bringing) out; kyay- 
myksmn •»iUmottaminmn taking up the sub- 
ject for discussion, taking the question un- 
der discussion, -puriataminen wringing out. 
i^uleminan coming up; /otafi •ainmtnUmi" 



••Ill«tul«va 



— 62 — 



nmn voi viipyU tbe case may not come up 
for quite a wbiie yet, tbe trial of tbe case 
may be delayed, -tulava coming' up; miui 
vUkoUa mMiU^HamvQt fntut cases on tbe 
docket for (1. cases cominr up) next week. 
-vatAminen dragffinff forward (1. before tbe 

Eublic eye), baulln^ before tbe limelight, 
rlnginff to ligrbt (1. out). 
••Illi out; at band; before; vrt. oUa. "^lava 
present, . . at issue; mBlttMol^va maim, tbe 
matter at Issue (1. in question 1. In band 1. 
under consideration), tbe matter (1. sub- 
ject) now before us, tbe present question; 
maitlMoimvm jnttu (olkeus-) tbe case at issue 
(1. under consideration). •K>io: maimn maiUa' 
•lo tbe case being: under consideration. 
•ellmaku foretaste [of, Jostakin]; heivrntin 
' I foretaste of bell, -mepkiliinan ex- 



emplary. 

•eimai kki example [of, jostakin] ; instance; 
(selittAva, valalseva) iUustration; (ennak- 
kotapaus) precedent; (esikuva) pattern, 
model; (lasku-) example, problem, (Jkpv.) 
sum; maimmrkiksi [lybennettynft: mMim.] for 
instance, for example [lybennettyni: e. g. 
(latinalalslsta sanoista: exempli gratia, esi- 
merkin vuoksi)], (eslmerkin vuoksi) by 
way of Illustration (1. example) ; msimmrkik' 
mi kmipmmvm exemplary, model [young man, 
nuorl mies] ; mllm hyvttnXL mmimmrkkina /ofl«- 
ktMm set an example (1. a good example) 
for one. -kokoelma set of examples (1. U- 
lustrations). 

•tilmlehyys bigber official position, presi- 
dency, cbairmansbip, leadership; hanmn mmi" 
mimhyytmnaM mihmna (mydS:) Witb bim as 
tbe president (1. chairman 1. principal 1. 
foreman 1. leader), -mita (Jotakuta ylem- 
mttssa virka-asemassa oleva) superior; 
(pftft) head; (ybtidn, ybdistyksen y. m.) 
president; (pubeenjohtaja) chairman; (op- 
pilaltoksen y. m.) principal, superintend- 
ent; (tyOnjobtaja) foreman; (Johtaja) leader; 
maimimhmni my Superior(8); maimimhmn 
tmhtiMU (h toimi) duties Of a principal (1. 
a president Jne.), the president's duties (1. 
ofTice), tbe cbairmansbip; mammmmimatmn 
maimiaa foreman of the station bands. 
-muoto original (1. primitive) form (1. 
type), -muurl breastwork; parapet; (kuv.) 
outwork, bulwark, -nahka (mieben slitin- 
ellmen) prepuce, foreskin; mainahmn tulmh' 
dua inflammation of the prepuce. 

•tina object; (kalu) thing; (kauppa-) ar- 
ticle; (maalitaulu) target, butt; nmua mai- 
nmiUa on hyvS mmnakki these articles have 
a brisk (1. a rapid) sale, these articles are 
in good demand; mila ionkin aainmanS be 
tbe object (1. the target 1. the butt) of, 
(alaisena) be subjected to . . [buom. on 
mnkmrmn anfoatmiun mminmmnU is a target (1. 
the target) for severe criticism. (myOs:) 
is being severely criticized], •tineeilinen 
(kiel.) concrete, atlnasana (kiel.) noun. 

•tillopinnoi preparatory studies, -pappi ks. 
Urkkohemu -plha forecourt; court, -puhe 
preface, -rattaataja outrider, -rippu cur- 
tain; (alaslaskettava, nftytt&mOn) drop 
(-curtain); aairippa noa««« the curtain 
rises (1. goes up) ; aairippu Imakmm the cur- 
tain goes down (1- is lowered); mairipun 
ylhMMHa oUmmam with the curtain Up, While 
the curtain is (1. was) up. -rukoua (kirk.) 
intercession; prayer (in behalf of an- 
other), -ruoka first course; entree, -tais- 
ttilja champion; ionkin aaitaiatmUia a 
champion of . . . 

•tltalii (ebdottaa) propose, suggest; (esit- 
tftft) state, expound; (ratkaistavaksi) refer; 
(vieralta toisilleen) introduce [one to an- 
other, joku JollekuUe toiselle] , present; '*' 



aaHtaa 



[senaatissa] officially present (1. 
refer) communications from petitiooers 
[to tbe proper senator]; maOlmin maim •«<- 
taUadn When will tbe petition be presented 
to the proper authority (to be acted up- 
on)? on*e kaidSi maUmity tmiaiUmnam have 
they been introduced (L presented) to 
each other? 
•titalma discourse [on a subject, Jostakin 
alneesta]; (luento) lecture [on ..]; (pu- 
he) speech, address; (klrjotettu ^) paper 
[on . .]. •aiUlminpitajA one who deUvers 
a discourse (1. gives a talk 1. reads a pa- 
per); lecturer, speaker. atiUlmAaaria se- 
ries of lectures (1. discourses 1. addresses). 
•aiUlmdidA give a lecture (1. lectures), lec- 
ture [on a subject, Jostakin alneesta], deliv- 
er a discourse (l.an address), deliver (a se- 
ries of) addresses, read a paper [on . .] . 
etIuimAiUiJi one who gives talks (L lec- 
tures), lecturer; vrt. osiulBilBpitlUl. 
••Miiedol elementary knowledge. •4oi«iet 
preparations; preparatory work, 
etitteleminen proposing, suggesting; report- 
ing: presentation, introduction; vrt. mI- 
uUtL esKUIIji (senaatin) an official 
[in Fimand] whose duty it is to present (1. 
refer) commumcations from petitioners to 
the proper senator, referendary; (vleral- 
den toisilleen) one who introduced (L In- 
troduces), etituiy presentation, introduc- 
tion. etitUiyttAA (asioita) have . . presented 
(1. referred I.mtroduced) [to one. itseUeen] . 
etIitajA one who presents; (ebdotuksen y. 
m.) one who makes (1. made) tbe motion, 
mover, proposer; (Jonkln osan, nayttamdl- 
Itt) mterpreter; imkiahdoitAaan '^ Ultro- 
ducer of a biU; pmrma Hmmniatin mmmm «* tbe 
best (interpreter of) Hamlet, ealttamlnen 
presentation; (ebdottaminen) proposing, 
moving; (vieralden toisilleen) Introduc- 
tion; (nftyteim&n y. m.) performance; 
(Jonkln osan, n&ytelmAssi) interpretaUon. 
etittimiatapa (ohjelmanumerolden. nAjrtel- 
mftn osien y. m.) delivery; (Jonkln osan 
y. m.) portrayal, InterpreUtion. eaKaytya 
introduce o.s. [to a p., JollekuUe]. 
etIttAA put (1. set) forth, present [in aUe- 
gorical form, kuvaannolllsesti; a memorial, 
kirjelma], prefer [an accusation, syytds], 
offer [an opinion, mieliplde; for consider- 
ation, harklttavaksl] ; (ebdottaa) propose 
[a question, kysymys], propound; (tehdi 
esitys, kokouksessa y. m.) move, make a 
motion; (alistaa) submit; (malnita) give, 
advance, state, allege; (kuvallla) represent; 
(esittUft sanoln tai kuvin) portray, describe: 
(Umalsta) express, put [in writing, klrjal- 
lisesti], couch; (viralllsena esitteUJftnA) 
report (in official capacity), refer .. for 
decision; (Joku henkilO toiselle) introduce, 
present; (nftytt&A) produce, show; (najrtel- 
1ft) act, (Jonkun osaa) interpret [tbe part 
of Hamlet, Hamletin osaa] ; (suorittaa Jota- 
kln) perform [on tbe piano, planonsoittoa] . 
(esltystapaan nfthden) deliver [very well. 
erinomalsestil, (soitosta pubuen, myOs:) 
execute; ^ [lakiehdotus] a€hukwmMa in- 
troduce [a bill] in tbe diet, lay (1. bring) 
[a bill] before the diet, present [a blU] to 
the diet; ^ Joku mhdmkkmmkmi put one in 
nomination, present one as a candidate [for 
an office, johonkin vlrkaan], present (1. 
offer) a p.'s name for nomination, nomi- 
nate; -• aabnmrkkmlU ioatmkin give exam- 
ples (1. state instances) of, (lueteUa) enu- 
merate instances of . .; '^ hmOHaihUa pre- 
sent to tbe ruler, (alistaa) submit to tbe 
ruler (for decision); '^ [tarjous] ikyfie. 
iMviikai [hyvSkayHMoMkai] move (1. mSe 
• motion L ftuggest) that [tbe offer] bo 



— 6S — 



Mttatklnm 



rejected [accepted]; «-' 

personate one; «-' [kysymys] A«cJbMt«le»> 



propose (1. brinir up) [a question] 

for discussion* move tbat [a question] be 
discussed, broacb [a question]; ^ Jokin 
kimrwati convey (1. rive) a wrong (1. false) 
impression of a Ul, rive a wrong represen- 
tation (1. a false account) of a tb.; ^ [las- 
ku] tmmkmmttutmkMJ present [a bill] to be 
paid (L for payment), (ebdottaa) propose 
(1. suggest L advise 1. move) tbat [tbe 
bUl] be paid (1. tbe payment of [tbe bill]); 
«* Jonkun imI^i propose a toast to one, 
toast one; «-' mimUpiUmnMa kirhdUM—H put 
(fortb) one's opinion in writing; «-' ndmii- 
pUmmmsam^ mttu .. advance an (1. express 
It as one*8) opinion tbat . . , (allstaa) sub- 
mit [to one] that . .; ^ tUtytmbMikmppm- 
U) give (1. perform 1. produce 1. present) 
a play (l. a drama), give a dramatic per- 
formance; ^ Jotakln (1. Jonkun) p&am (nay- 
telmassi) play a part, act (1. Interpret) the 
part of . .: ~ pmrutmiuitm (Jonkln aslan 
todlstamlseksl) offer reasons for . . , argue; 
furnish (1. give) music; '^ 



Ur present a project (L plan) 
for . . . propound a scheme for . .; '^ ayUa 
state (1. give 1. allege) reasons; <« takaoM pro- 
duce (tarjota: offer) surety, present (1. pro- 
duce) a bond, (olkeuslaltokselle) furnish 
(L produce) ball; ^ tiHmim give (1. supply 
1. fumlsta) information; '^ todimt^Hm (1. to- 
diMinkaim) introduce (1. submit) evidence, 
adduce proofs; «-' Jotakln todiatukmrnkai /m- 
taUm submit (1. present 1. offer) a th. as 
(an) evidence of . .; '^ todimhahmmnBm (nAyt- 
tAA) present (1. produce 1. show) one's cer- 
tificate (1. one's credentials) ; '^ Jokin Mft- 
0i9fttmvmkmi present (1. submit 1. refer) a 
th. for ratification, (ebdottaa) move that 

a Ih. be rulirieil; » Mfuhmvim <L painavia} 

»j4M rem^ntsirate LiSair^^i iht* pruposed 
tuition, elji]rFt*;tiu» verctii-^la vasiiaajft] ; -^ 
vMMfin {}. tmih**Uit*9ti} Qilsreprei^nt, mis- 
^lite, g-lve a false tnipresskm of . .; wdmtla 
mMt*tyn n^joll* on tUci i^rounrl of what h&A 
been preiented (I- given ]. staled) above. 
QD th*^ srrnTjinl of iJie Bforemeullonea stale- 
roent-f; hdn fMitti atian hy^in mUitjfttatfiIt» 
94 muod»**iii uiiyu":) h<* put U very pleas- 
aniiy; hMn ttitti t&id&kkaosti rrHiin Sih^- 
thA**n t^vtliykMtn slie re ad e red (J,play&a> 
wtlti gTfai skill (K she eiecuied bril- 
Manllyi a, €om posit ion of (L 4 piece by) 
SUieldis: A#ft tmitti amn mmni^tti (myOs:) 
b«r d^tivery ua.-^ cif»ilieiit <aollosta: her 
HCecuiJon IV as bflHiant); mitU «fl hSntltd 
amtimtiavad paoifi* tt^M*kMm*n i»&nol ta v ai } 
wlial hwi h*- 10 «ia>' in tils iIc^Icmii^o? nayui- 
jhI ^ntmtHatt *nmi kmrtaa tlie play Will h^ 
pfodticed (L fTiven) for the first lime, thiii 
vtii lie U\**i rim nlirbl <L the opening) per- 
rormani^e ^ii the play: mHyt^lmi^f Siita «l oi* 
«f«ift#iv fk^akaan} maitrntty imybsi} & play 
never <yrll arted. 

aaliutkimuu preparatory s^tudy, 

*iHyh«*nUliOi proposer: rkokoukspss^a^ 
i^iiii^KiuaiJiAia y. m.} one who mad« the 
motlun. iiwvrr 

■Aiiy* i>ri?»f[ntfoeat* pte^entatlon; (ebdotus) 
projjoillion* proposal I of (L for), Joksi- 
kin], »uffiF«sMon, (hokoukseitsa y. m. teh- 
tyi motion; (nAyt«, luomS) production; 
iii4yt«liiiii] y. mj performance; (Jonkun 
o^an luikJnta) Interpretation; (e^ltystapa) 
ilHfferyH (sidlosia puhiten;) execution; rts- 
riul; (e^lttely) tnirodiicllon; /onJbaji •<!- 
iyka*at€ (upum the rppre»eiitattun£i of A 
p., (eilidotuitsfeaia) upon the motlun (L pro- 
1) or a p.; fup)on one^a sug-re^tlon; 
« artUltc preaentatlon CI. de- 



livery 1. execution 1. Interpretation 1. per- 
formance). 

ealtyalehdotua (valt.) motion, resolution, 
-kyky (puhujana. nAyttelijana y. m.) dra- 
matic talent, ability as an orator (1. an act- 
or) ; (kuvailukyky) ability to portray char- 
acter (1. to draw pen pictures) ; vrt. esitya- 
taito. -iiau (lainlaatljakunnan tai olkeus- 
laltoksen) docket. •K>ikeus (valt.) ri^ht to 
make motions, ri^ht to introduce bills; 
(aloteolkeus) initiative, -taito Interpreta- 
tive ability; (taiteilijana) abUity (1. talent) 
as an artist; myOs -> esityskyky; kMnaWl 
an aaityataitaa he has interpretative (1. ar- 
tistic) abllfty, he has talent as an inter- 
preter, his delivery is fine, -^tapa (kirjalli- 
Jan) style; diction, (puhujan y. m. suuUl- 
sen eslttftjftn) delivery; rendering; (lausun- 
ta) enunciation; (solttajan) execution; 
(nA3rttellJ&n) interpretation; (ilmalsutapa) 
mode (1. manner) of expression. 

eaityttii have . . presented (1. reported 1. 
Introduced 1. produced 1. performed Jne., 
vrt. •sittJUl); ^ itaanaU foUakuUa ask to be 
Introduced to a p. 

eallvaate (raam.) veil; tamppaiin aaivamia 
the veil (myOs: vail) of the temple. -valU 
(etup. vanb. ic raam.) the powers (that 
be); (hallltus) the authorities, the govern- 
ment; karkaa aaivalta the Sovereigrn. -van- 
hemmai ancestors, forefathers, forebears, 
ancestry. 

•alytyi appear, make its appearance; stand 
out; ^ aalvUati (myOs:) be sharply out- 
lined: vrt. ••iiBtyX. 

eakaadepi (lalvaston osasto) squadron; fleet. 
eakadroona (ratsuv&en osasto) squadron, 
company of horse; troop. 

eakimo Eskimo, -koira Eskimo dOff. 

eakimolalnen (a. & s.) Eskimo. 

eaklmoialalklell language of the Eskimos. 
-koIra » ••Umokoinu -vaimo Eskimo 
woman. 

E«iwiija Spain, eapanja (espanjan )c)eU) 
Spanish. Mpanjftlajfien [. (a. J Spanish. 11, 
<sj SEiatitara- »pafi/oilai«*r (myOS;) ttio 
Spain. -U iiio.h[.i|ft>. 

•tpanjan kciah spiiiiLdh. •kirplnen Spanish 
rly; can th Alls, -kirpialaaitafi (Spanish) 
fly-bhater, plaster of cantharldes. ^vihrei 
verdigris. 

•aptanadJ (kentt^) esplanades (Katu) avenue. 

•••liTl (iElel. ^ uleiito) es.'^jve (caso). 

a«la hindrance; ( vastus) obf^taclo, oh.^truc- 
llou: (jaikuvastl halttuuva) ImpeUUnent; 
rvurtavaslen aaetettio har, barrier; (picm- 
ke) check, reiiiraint; (valkeiid) dirricully, 
oiiJijarra3,^m«nt: hiteb; {eisiejuoksnssa y. 
m.) burdle; (piillseniasta, luiemaata) ex- 
cuse: (laic. -- Jfliivl) challenRo; «su«n Bat- 
tumtwa i^lUkulU iti casfl of hloLlranre, when 
an ob^iacitf arii^tis in one';^ way, when pre- 
veuted from appearing (1. from atiending), 
in case of an excusable non-appearance; 
aataatta « esteettSmiUti; aaiattS Umotta- 
maita Without explaining one's absence, 
without giving any reason for one's non- 
appearance; aaattaa aataittt fankun tiaUa 
place (1. put 1. throw) obstacles in a p.'s 
way; aaattua aataakai iollakin be an obsta- 
cle to .. , get In the way of . . [huom. esim. 
am kmiua aaaitua aataakai haidUn oimanaa 
tiatla I don't want to be an obstacle to (I. 
stand m tbe way of) their happiness] ; M- 
nailU an uaaita aataits there are many ob- 
stacles in his way (1. path), he has many 
obstacles to meet (1. in bis way); UMUnan 
'* lawful excuse (for non-appearance), 
(Engl.) essoin; minuUa aaitwd ^ 1 was pre- 
vented from appearing (1. attending) 
[huom. myOs: ottain i " - - — - 



I enlfaf miaiaUani, mvitm 



MtMllinM 



— 64 — 



mimaUm amttvd '^ I SbOUld have liked (1. 
been pleased) to attend, but I was hin- 
dered from doing so (1. but an obstacle 
arose)]; alia •BfkBi IM€kin be a hin- 
drance to . . , be (1. stand) in the way of . . » 
prove an obstacle to ..; on pahana •mfnM 
joUmkin is (1. proves) a serious obstacle 
to . . , vrt. edell.; »iih9n (I, BiUm) mi ol« mi- 
tUMn 99t9ttii there is nothing to hinder it, 
(minun puoleltanl) I have no objection to 
that. 

•tteellinen 1. (esteenft oleva) hindering, im- 
peding, obstructive; S. (Jolla on este) hav- 
ing a lawful excuse (for non-appearance); 
(Jftttvi, kelpaamaton) disqualified [voter, 
ftanestfljft]; incompetent, incapacitated, ae- 
teelllevyt incapacity. Incompetence; dis- 
qualification. etteanalainenks.estMllinen,?. 

••ieetikko (kaunotieteilijft; taiteen tuntija 
tal tutkija) lesthetician, (tav.) student of 
(1. authority on 1. one versed in) esthetics. 
•tteettlnen (kaunotieteellinen; taiteellisesti 
vaikuttava) aesthetic. 

•tteettdmyyt liberty, freedom (from con- 
straint), -todittut (1. V.) license; (liiakarin 
antama) doctor's certificate. 

••ieettdmistl without impediment, without 
let or hindrance; freely; at liberty. 

etteatAn free [access, pftftsy], .. at liberty 
[to do a th., tekemftan Jotakln] ; '^ iUMkJm 
(aava) open (1. unobstructed) view; ^ 
poimmaoio unexcused absence, inexcusable 
non-appearance, (lak.) default; ^ todUtmfa 
competent (1. unimpeachable) witness; 
avioliittaon '^ free from matrimonial dis- 
abilities, free to enter matrimony. 

•ttejuoktu (urh.) hurdle-race; (Engl.) the 
hurdles. 

•tteUmlnen hindering, preventing; attempts 
to hinder (1. prevent 1. obstruct); re- 
sort(lng) to evasions; vrt. estelll. •ttelli 
(try to) hinder (1. prevent) [one from do- 
ing a th.. Jotakuta tekemftstA Jotakln] ; 
(tehdfl vaikeuksia) raise difficulties (1. ob- 
jections), put obstacles in the way; (etslft 
tekosylta) offer excuses, make (1. offer) 
pretexts, resort to evasions, try to evade. 
•ttely (este) hindrance; (vaikeus) diffi- 
culty; (arveluttavuus) apprehension: scru- 
ple; (anteeksipyytftvtt) excuse; (tekosyy) 
pretense, pretext, subterfuge; (vastav&lte) 
objection. 

•tteratMMtut steeplechase. 

•ttetilkka (kaunotiede) aesthetics. 

eetymlnen being prevented (1. hindered Jne., 
vrt. estyX). •ttyttii (lak.) challenge [a 
Juror, valamies] ; vrt. jiUivKtX. •ttyi be 
hindered, be prevented; be debarred [from, 
Jostakln] ; (ehkftistyft) be checked (1. re- 
strained); be stunted [in its growth, kas- 
vussaan] ; (sftftstyft) be spared [from see- 
ing a th., nftkemftsta Jotakln]. 

•etiji preventer, thwarter. •tUminen pre- 
vention; obstruction; thwarting; (ehkftlse- 
minen) checking, restraint, etamitkelno 
way to prevent (1. check); means of pre- 
venting; preventive (means). •tUmita 
without impediment, without let or hin- 
drance, unobstructed. Mtimitdn unhin- 
dered, unimpeded, unobstructed; (vapaa) 
free. 

•ttii hinder; prevent [one from . . , Jota- 
kuta Jostakin J ; (olla esteenft) bar, block, 
obstruct. Impede; (ehkAlstft) obviate, pro- 
vide against; (ajolssa) forestall [a p.'s 
plans, Jonkun alkeet]. preclude; (pfiftse- 
mftstft tai tulemasta) debar; (torjua) 
thwart; (tehdft tyhjaksi) frustrate [all 
further attempts, kalkki enemmftt yrityk- 
set]; (saada pysfthtymAftn, lakkaamaan) 
check, keep down (1. under), auppreai; 



(vastustaa) counteract, bring pressure to 
bear against; (pidAtt&ft) keep (oack), hold 
back, restrain, deter; (pysfthdytt&ft) stop; 
(kieltfttt) prohibit; ••tHmHttH ks. hakus.; 
^ kyyffU^nmH kS. pidXttKX; ^ Joku *tfW- 
tUmUBtii fotakin keep (1. restrain 1. hinder 
1. prevent) one from using a th., (kielt&&) 
prohibit one's using a th.; '*' lankmmummta 
prevent from falling; ^ IHkmimmttU block 
(1. obstruct) the traffic; ^ mmUrnkkm re- 
press (1. keep down 1. prevent) a riot; <« 
paUBBmUMta (I. tnlmm99ta) fohonkin debar 
from . .; «j ol« mikiUin •mtUmMBBa (BitU) 
Ihere is nothing to prevent it; hUn on «•- 
tBtty tidBmoMia (myOs:) he is unable to 
come; kBitmnkUMn matUmattii Without being 
hindered by anybody, without let or hin- 
drance, (vapaasti) freely; •« mi oUne ««t««- 
tUviBBii that could not be prevented (1. 
avoided), it was impossible to prevent it; 
»• '^ hafmmnnata that will (tend to) pre- 
vent division (l. dissension l. disruption), 
that will go long ways toward preventing a 
break (1. a split) [in the party, puolueessa]. 

•t ks. ei. 

•tana slug; (kuori-) snail; «fafMfi ktaori (I. 
koppa) snail -Shell; •tanan vatthdiiim at 
snail -pace, at a snail's pace, slow as a snail. 

•teen to the front (1. fore); (esille) for- 
ward, forth; (tielle) in the way; hUn ottam 
miiS ^ Bottutt he grabs everything that 
comes in his way (1. that he can get his 
hands on) ; Jonkin, jonktm ^ before . . , 
in front of . . , to the front of . . . (tielle) in 
one's way, in the way of . . , (luokse) to . .; 
(puolesta, edestA) for [esim. ikktman '^ 
before (1. in front of) the window, (esim. 
panna uutimet, pysfthtya y. m.) at the 
window, (luo) to the window; imUnmoan '^ 
(hyvftksi) for the good of one's country; 
oikmttdmn «« before the court] ; vrt. seur. 

•t^«npiin on, onward(s), ahead, forward(8); 
(huudahduksena:) forward! on(ward)! 
'^ kaliiBtwtnwit bent (1. inclined) forward(s) ; 
outttM jotakuta '^ help a p. on, help one to 
get on in the world, give one a boost (1. a 
lift): yhH Bfnkinpdin as ever, (edelleen- 
kln) still, (kaiken matkaa) all along, 
-pyrkivi (kuv.) striving, struggling [youth, 
nuorukalnen], ambitious, progressive. 

•t^«nsi [BfB\ni, -Bi, -nmH Jne.] ahead of 
one, vrt. katsoa; ^ katBommHa without 
looking ahead (of one), (sokeasti) blindly; 
^ katBova (\. mjattoUva) thrifty, prudent, 
provident; SiS mono ofni don't get in 
my way (1. light). 

•U(h)inen (entrance-) hall; vestibule; (Jul- 
klaen rakennuksen) lobby; (sydftmen) 
auricle. 

•teitllhuone antechamber, anteroom, -ovi 
front- door. 

•telimpini farthest south(ward), farthest 
In (1. to) the south. 

•teli south; (etelftmaat) the south; BflHrn- 
mdkBi, BftammUBBii, •fidmpHnii farther to 
(1. towards) the south, farther south; «f«. 
UbnpHa from farther south; BflUmpiiHn 
farther to (wards) the south, farther south; 
•tmtifBtd from the south; BteiUBBS In (1. to) 
the south; BtolSSn to (1. towards) the 
south, (etup. lilkkeesttt) sou th ward ( s) ; 
•teldUn koupungiBta (to the) south of the 
city; tmali on BtelSBtd (\. BtBlSBBU) the wind 
Is (from the) south, we have a south wind. 

•Uli- (yhd.) south (esim. (E)-i4/rt**a South 
Africa; (E)'AmBrikka South America; (£)- 
Dakota South Dakota; -tunii south wind], 
south- [esim. -a/nkkalainmn South-Afri- 
can; 'ammrikkatainan South •American ] ; 
(etelftinen) southern [esim. -fivrvspc 
southern Europe; -••« southern part; 



•UI M w r opp al aiifn 



— 65 ^ 



•umy 



f southern Finland], southerly [eslm. 
soQtber^ wind], -•uroppalalnen 
of southern Europe; . . In the south of 
Europe; •e«Utoaropp«ialMe (s.) people of 
southern Europe. 

fliiiiii (etellssi oleva, eteUn) southern; 
(sunnnaltaan) southerly [direction, suun- 
U]; (etel&-) south [slope, rlnne]; (£)'« 
ia/bmrnri Antarctic Ocean; '^ mmprnpUH ant- 
arctic circle; mi^UUmt mmmt southern 
countries, the lands or the south; miUMUmi 
9tmimt southern rerions; mtmUUMin 09m the 
southernmost part, the part farthest (to 
the) south, extreme south; m— p a H ow '^ 
^■■firtt the southern hemisphere. 

•ceMlklrlil (extreme) southern point. -niM- 
iBinen L (a.) southern, .. of the south, 
.. or the southern countries (L climes). 
IL (8.) inhahitant of the south (1. of the 
southern countries), -maai southern coun- 
tries (1. climes), the south. 

Iteliwsraw eaarst the South Sea Islands, 
Oceania. 

•ceMlaiyrtky storm from the south, south- 
erly rale. -iMpa south pole. 

etelinapa (yhd.) antarctic [eshn. -««tMfaf 
antarctic re^ons; ^vyBhykm antarctic 
xone]. -reikelliji antarctic explorer, -ret^ 
kikatita antarctic expedition. 

•leliiiptMlelnen (etelUnpiin oleva) facing 
to the south; myOs — etellliieB; rafc«fi- 
MiAttii mtMmpwoi^iBmt ikkunmi the Win- 
dows Of the bulldlnsr facing to the south, 
the south windows of the building. 

eteUloeft southern part, -puoll south side, 
(eteliosa) southern part: hnUm «e«U(pao- 
Idk, «e«fteMl«ll« (to the) south of ..; 
hnldm mtMptmimltm from the south (1. 
southern) side of . . , (etellosasta) from 
the southern part of . . , (kuljettaessa 
y. m.) south of . . [huom. myOs: p^rhmat 



9i9U^noi9ita 

^st farming 



(etelUn kaupunglsta) the best 

lands are to be obtained south of the city], 
(Joslnis:) on the south side, -rannikko 
south (L southern) coast, -elaavilalnen 
South -Slaric. 

etetlstlpain from the south, from a south- 
erly direction. 

eCeHlayofMlalnen South -Finnish; «e«rinM> 
mmiwimmi (s.) people from southern Fm- 
land. -valtlol (Yhdysvaltaln) the Southern 
States, the South, (slsillissodan alkana) 
the (Confederate SUtes; (Yhdysvaltaln) 
1 iliwlfltlrfii mtAmM Southerner; «««!«- 
MftM^M miOmai (sls&llissodan alkana) 
Confederate soldiers. 

etelUnpilii towards (1. to) the south, (kul- 
jettaessa) southward(s), in a southerly 
direction. 



Bikal. •/•■pMnl/e3iM>pU. 



ks. 



adTance(ment), progress(lon) ; 
pushing forward; vrt. •dUtl. etenevi 
(moving) onward, advancing, progressing; 
(polsp&m-) drawing away. 

etenkin (more) particularly, (more) espe- 
cially; tn particular; (ennen kaikkea) 
above an; (etupUssi) principally, chiefly; 
in the first place: '** ktm more particularly 
When, particularly since, especially as, ail 
the more as. 

eievlii most prominent (1. eminent), (paras) 
foremost, first, (kyvykkiin) ablest, (lab- 
jakkain) most talented; Mn mi mtmvimpm 
—■■tf>ti— he is one of the foremost men 
in his profession; mman mtrnpimmiU mi^hmt 
the foremost (I. best 1. BK>st eminent) men 
of the country, the most distinguished 
men in (L oO the country. 



etevyya (henkllOn) prominence, (great) 
ability; eminence; (lahjakkuus) talent(s); 
(taitavuus) skill; (aslan) excellence, first- 
rate qualities; vrt. •tevlmmyya. 

etevi prominent, distinguished, eminent; 
(taitava) skilled [in one's trade, anunatls- 
saan]: (kyvyk&s) able; (lahJakas) talented; 
(mainlo) excellent, admirable, first-rate; 
^ mimM a distinguished (1. an eminent) 
man, a man of distinction, (lahjakas) a 
talented man, (kyvyk&s) a man of great 
ability; mfpakH twumatmttu eminent, 
noted; tmomiM imotMm in an able (1. a very 
efficient) manner, ably, (malnlolla) in an 
excellent manner; 9fvibmpi ks. hakus.; 
«e«0«e iahfmi O' kyvyt) remarkable talents, 
rare gifts: €rino9mmi99n ^ exceptionally 
able, .. of surpassing ability (1. skill 1. 
talent), . . of the highest order, -lahjalnen 
(lahjuas) . . with remarkable talents, tal- 
ented, gifted. 

•tevimmyya superiority; eminence, excel- 
lence; mastery; preeminence; IwUdn (\, 
hnkm) •hdoiM (h UmUamatSn) *^ the un- 
questioned superlorltv of . .; hMnmn opOli' 
iMH mtmvammyytmnMU nls superior scholas- 
tic attainments, his eminence in scholar- 
ship (1. as a scholar), etevimpi more 
prominent; (parempi) superior [to ..], 
better; (kyvykkiftmpi) abler, . . of greater 
ability (1. skill 1. talent), (lahjakkaampi) 
more talented; hdn M aUnM minaa 9imt9mpi 
he was more than a match for me (1. was 
my superior) in that, I was not his equal 
in that, he excelled me in that; Ufyi «e«- 
viUnp^nrnM met hls match, found more than 
a match [in . . , Jossakin] ; imdtm tavatto' 
ntan p«f/pn mtrnvimpi far superior to (1. 
surpassing) the others; transcendent [ge- 
nius, neroj; mi mtdtm pmijon •fv9mpi Is 
far superior to (1. more than a match for) 
the others, is pre<Smlnent, (voittaa muut) 
far surpasses (1. excels) the others, out- 
strips the others, (Jkpv.) outdoes the 
others by a long ways, beats the others all 
hollow (1. all out). 

euviaii in an able (1. skilled 1. talented) 
manner, ably; eminently; (malnlostl) ex- 
cellently, very fine. 

•tiikka (slveysoppi) ethics. 

•tiketti (nhnlli^pu) label; (etup. hoviti^a) 
etiquette. 

etikka vinegar; (viini)«MMaMi pohta, •ti- 
hm—m •Wytmtty pickled, -happo (kem.) 
acetic acid, -kupkku: •tikkakarhkuUi cu- 
cumber pickles, -kiyminen acetic (1. ace- 
tous) fermentation, -pulio vinegar-bottle 
(1. -cruet). •Hehdat vinegar- works; (Yh- 

a^sv. usein:) cider-mill. 
opia Ethiopia, etiopialainen (a. & s.) 
Ethiopian, iGtbioplan. 

Etna (tullvuori) Etna. iCtna. 

•to (mltfttdn) insignificant, trivial; (moko- 
ma) such (a) ... 

eteata (syOvyttU) etch, etaaue (syOvytys- 
kuva) etching. 

•taijl seeker, searcher; totnud9n '^ seeker 
after truth. 

eiaikko (raam.) visitation, etaiminen seek- 
ing, searching: search, quest: hunt; (pen- 
kominen) rummage, etelmitdn unsought 
(-for); mtBimmSn tOaiauaa (my<>S:) an op- 
portunity not of one's own seeking, eteln- 

.RO, eUlna ks. •tslminen. etslnUvelo (va- 
lonheittfljft) search -light. 

•taintft (tarkastus) search, visit, -oikeut 
(lak.) right of search. 

•Ulekelli search for; trace, hunt; look 
through; (raam.) visit, etsftkely search, 
inquiry, euiuy sought [after (1. for) ..], 
searched; (teennAlnen) purposely assumed. 



eUlvA 



— •• — 



eiupuoll 



> 



irtincitti, Arrflcted, . . put on: hMntn **(i- 

tykmmnmM tt/ntuu tmnuEta k^Pin tttityltM 

ltl3 <*t|iiaijflciOn impresf^es me as heim very 
far- rpt<!hcd. •t«lvi L (a) searchlnK [looK* 
ItataeK seeking:; *t*wii omu^o the detecllvo 
departmnnt; mUitHi p^iiai (koll.) the de- 
tocilve rorce (i. iKilice), fjltpvJ IIVP plain - 

-Clothes men. ll. <h.> (^ etslvn poUlsl) 
detective. (Jkpvj plain PlotTjes man. 

etall seek. <tavj took for; (jarjestelm&lll' 
E&my search [tor a tli,, jotakln] : hunt 
[fpr .,]; (tavmeHB) seek afli^r, be In 
search of, ptjrHUe [pleasure. Ijuvituksia] ; 
i-omi: rkui-ittfta) visit: Vrl. hakM, penkcw^ 
mtti M* kSMtlU liunt U up; miMiMhtt*n {]. et- 
«lfn^an> iotakin {myf^Si) in <jlte?<t (K In 
^<^arch) or a tli ; ~ kSMiinsH hunt , , up, 
riiul [OSlm. feiJon Ifiyty^ - /f^fi«l Aif- 
<i7nnv hinmdtQ mUlU hyvUntU yoii full si 

rind liim (h locale ntm I. hum him mt) at 
any t:osi]i ^ mpikotnitin search ihroiijth. 
raripark; * pwrinpt^hlin ka. prnkon; ~ Joku 
nnu ManaJk/r/ofttf lOOk CI. hunt J np a TA'Orrt 
In tlie dirtlonary; -^ i7wr«i<t Iku^lmmMi] 
{eslm. taiateiiikenUllft} courl (I. he wt^ek- 
inFT) clnnKor I death 1 \ joha ttMii^ m« taytM Uf^ 

who s«'pks wilt rtniJ; fccr^ «tcjr (ufnioi lava 
la) u'hom are you (l. who i:^ it ymi are) 
looklnff rnr? laata «f«ittiin in«fMJf«r^ a »earrh 
was made for the Child In tJie woorts, (yir- 
ympUri) ihe wooila were scourctl far the 
flilld: ol«n mtMiayt kaikki ptikat I have 
flcarrhed (h ransacked) everywUere, 1 Tiave 
searched thr^ug-h every place: an ttmittS' 
vimmU joMtakin 1$ to he s^^uffht somewJierp^ 
(G5lm. aanakirja?ta> can be looked up In . ,; 

«un|a mtmimHttMMn aihttta fohonkin have an 

11 n sought for opportunity (comins to one) 

to . . . 
•tui C- etta en that . . not, UoUet) lest 

[epim. tttmmmm vmf htttisi UH we rorjret]. 
•ttl that; (pelkoa tai nuolta iimaU'sevien sa- 

hojen tal lausckkeiden Jtilkeen^) le^t 

fe^lm. p«fo«fa, mitB hMn kvai^m featlnr (h 

for fear) test he should die, imydn:) for 
fear hi* Txrnild die] : tmks kUn — minik 
hf>tn he and I, he as well as 1 \^m\\ »^kM. 
h&n ^ mlnJl al«innt« pUSZtUnmrni both he and 
1 have deejflcd, he has decided as well as I], 
•tu advanl3j?e; pain, profit; interest, gnud; 
thydty) benefit, avail; mduk^i fuse in: 
*duk9m\r\i, -ti, -mn JneJ to the advaniaire. 
for the better [eslm. hlln on mnuttunttt 
tdaktttn hc has chaniired for the hetter; 
atla pM^ttyi sinan rndxakmumi the matter 
turned out to your advantag-e (i. beheHt), 
the matter turned out favorably for you; 
(oikeusjutusta:) tbe case was decided In 
your favor; vrt. myOs: kMvttKX, iiKrttMrtyK 
(edukseen) ] ; mtuhmMm vmlvopa mi€B a man 
who looks after (1. attends 1. pays atten- 
tion) to his own interests, a forehanded 
(1. a provident) man; aJaitMn •jhom «eiMwl 
I had your (best) interest(s) In mind, (pa- 
rastasl) I thought of what was best for you 
(I. was for your best) ; han^UX on tUtU •tra- 
rim •tuki ffreat advantag-es will come to him 
througrn that, that will be a grreat advantagre 
(Kbenefit) to him.tbat means a great deal to 
him; ofiMMt mtamni attnUOlii pMirnn having an 
eye for my own Interest, in my own In- 
terest; oll« mdukBi hiUkin be to the ad- 
vantafce of . . , be beneficial (I. profitable I. 
advantageous) to . . , be in a th.'s .favor 
rhuom. •« olM csloff* mdwOM it would bf 
an advantage in this case, (liikkeelle) tne 
movement would benefit (1. profit 1. grain) 
thereby; •« on ndnuUm nmrmkBi eduksi it is 
a great advantage (1. benefit) to me. it is 
much to my advantage] : onko tUtM hUnmlle 
mitQdn otutt does be get any beoefit from 



ihatT does he profit any by thai? (ikpv.l 
19 there anything for him m that? 

etu- (yhdj front fesim, ittuin front fteat; 
-ka&io front hoof; -kSpmS front paw; >py^ 
r& front Wheel; -atlnH front wftllK (har- 
vemmui:) tore, forward [esim. -«*■«» fore- 
ward axel; -/<rfaf fore legs: -mw fore part* 
fonxard portion], first (eaim. -riai first 
row (1. rank)}, ctlet.) anterior; vrt. *•*-. 

«ttf|«|« foreg^ronnd: mtamtaiU In Ihe forc^- 
ground* Ckuv.) forejnost. of first Impor^ 
tance: uftm mttntaiU mme$ to the front (L 
the fore)* (kuvj comes into prominence. 
^ntl advoncp (or money), advance -money i 
deposit. ^ftntlliiipAlIu <urhj handicap. 
-hAmm«* front tooth: (tiet.) tnciaor. 

eiuillA secure (L obtain L procure) advan- 
ta^ef? for 0.3* 

Eiu-lndla India (proper). 

etui Ml (edutUnen) advanlageoua. profitable; 
(suotui^sa) ravoraiiie. etuiauua advaiit^- 
geoiisneSH. protltablffue*:-*; Cetu^ advantaK*?. 

vtu|Jalk« (myOS:> r<} re foot, -joukko advance 
I^UEirrh wtuiotikot vanKuard. ^kammFo (sy- 
iikiiii^n) auricle, -^kanai (lalvan) fDrederk. 
-k»ui«, -kokka ks. keul&^ ^kumara bent ( L 
inclined) position; rtit&a ttMikumarartm 
stand (1. be) bent forward, -kynti: ^tttkyrt- 
immn 4edcit^[»!lln) beforehand* previously: 
In advance; anttw mtttkynt**n ki^vtujivna; 
o!ta KtukynnmMMii UoliiIussa> he at the head, 
be foremost, load (the way), lie the leader, 
bo ttie prime mover. -ky«ymyi Question of 
materiJil benefit. -kiaU ttukHdm^sS in the 
rirHt pEace, first; mittkiiit*n kH. hakUS. 

«tukitean beforehand* previously* tn ad- 
vance; vrt. EUtiakoltm; «^ makMmttu paid tn 
advance, prepaid; ^ touittu p rev Unruly 
agreed upon, prearranR-cd: - mounnitmttv 
{\. isirimMtmttyj prearranijcd [flight, pako], 
pre'onccriod. 

atulaJnan sub'^tttuie: vrt. tiiminmti. 

etu;itastl: wtalattimta u^ffHoaded In front; 
(iaiviisia:) down <\. listing) by the head, 
-iallnkl wad: waddinfr^ -lukko padlock. 

•tumalnan the front (rmv, rivi],the first . . , 
Ihe foremost . .; tkahdesta) the forward, 
<^,} the forward oner olia mtummmmno felu- 
rudJimassa) he in live van, ckuv.) stand 
forv'niost. Uake tiie) lead. 

•tuljmakiu advance fuf money)* advance- 
jfaynienK -maato r<»r'vrM?i'it. -mwhintO^muH.) 
si^iiamre. -muuN breastwork; parapet, 
-neni^ ^ttm^nSttaf ttanenaan at the head 
[of , J ; OMtttaa (\^ ajfim/ Rankin mtanmnSH/i 
place U. fiiJl) o..-^. at Che head il. in thf.' front 
rank L In the van) of . . , take the lead of . . , 
assume the leadership of . .; offa /onlMfi «fv- 
nmnMMMS be at the head of . . , lead . . , (esim. 
Jonkin yiitykaen) be the prime mover (1. the 
promoter) of . .; •oittokunim otunmnSMoM kwd- 
kno morMl . . (with) the band leading the 
way (1. beaded by the band) the procession 
marched . . . -nlml first (1. given 1. Chris- 
tian) name, -noja: mtunoituom ks. •tvlnuMi- 
ra(a«a). -iiiyttimtt front of the stage. -oi« 
keudatilnan privileged, -oikeudeion un- 
privileged, -oikeua right of precedence: 
priority; (erioikeus) privilege, prerogative; 
(etasija) preference; precedence, -oikau- 
tattu privileged; preferred [claim, saami- 
nen]; (specially) favored; eewlfcaii f wt 
ooakkoH preferred stock, -oaa (myOs:) 
front (part), -puoii front (side); face; 
(rahan) obverse; (etuosa) fore part; (ion- 
kin) mtupuoIMm on (1. at) the front (aide) 
[of . .], in front [of . .] ; (jonkin) •t u p— - 
f«ff« to (1. on 1. at) the front [of . X in 
front [of . .] ; etapoolefVa from tbe front, 
at the front. In (tbe) front [buom. esim. 
hy6kitt9 Utmam kimp^mm oHipmoioiim atttcK 



— 67 — 



tiM castle from (1. on 1. In) the front, 
(myCS: tn front); mn amki •tapaoimitm Is 
open at ttie front (I. in front): rakmnnoB 
«fi9cnf«fte hatmatttmm a front view of the 
bolldlnr* a view of the building from tbe 
front]: frntkin tvpmai^ta from the front 
of . .; /mJUh cfofraofifM by (1. in) the front 
of . . . -pupje foresail, -pii front (1. fore- 
vard) end; front; head; mtapiUU9& (etune> 
nftssA) at the head [of . .] ; (erlttain) pre- 
ferably, especially; chiefly, mainly, princi- 
pally, (etusijassa) first, in the first place, 
-raajai (Ihmisen) upper extremities, (elii- 
men) fore legs, -rlnta front (side); (etu- 
HTl) the front (1. foremost) rank; Mm mn 
■ f ■ ■ iv m am nldM he is one of the foremost 
men. he is one of the men in the front 
rank; yrt. •iunMOU etuplll. -rfvl front (1. 
first L foremost) rank; (rintama) front. 
yan(ruard) ; mturMm tmimhmt (kuv.) those at 
tbe head [of . .] . the men promment [in . .] . 
the leaders; mtuHvimsM in the front rank, 
(jonkln) in the van(guard) [of ..]. -ruu- 
«jt fore part of the body, (anat.) anterior 
(part of the) body. -«alonki (lalvan) fore- 
cabin, -aana (kiel.) preposition, -aija pref- 
erence; precedence: foremost (1. first) 
place; mmmm ioUmkaam •tumila ffive one the 

Precedence ; MnmttM oikoon mtuaiia he shall 
aye the precedence (1. the preference). 
-aiva front (side); (eslm. sanomalehden) 
front (1. first) page; (kirjan. myds:) title 
page, •^ormi forefinger, index(- finger). 
-4avy (kiel.) prefix. 

etuoa (etu) advantage; benefit, boon; (eri- 
olkeus) privilege; (etuoikeus) right of pre- 
cedence; (velkojan) preference, priority 
[of claim]. 

•Utlvaljakko leaders, -^artlja Picket; (kuv.) 
outpost, van (guard); vrt. etmrartio; «l0f«- 
ty9umn miuvmrtih an outpost (1. a van- 
guard) of civilization, -vartljaeto ks. seur. 

•utvarilo outpost, advance-guard; (etuvftki) 
vanguard; (etuvartija) picket, -kahakka 
outpost skirmish, -^inja picket-line, -pal^ 
velaa picket-duty. 

•UffvariMttta entrenchment; breastwork; 
bulwark (vars. kuv.). -varvas big (1. great) 
toe. -voitiolnen heavy at the front; vrt. 
■f«l— tl -viki (sot.) vanguard, van. 

•CAifiaa distant, (far) remote; vrt. Inukal- 
••■; mtK—m^ more distant, farther re- 
mote, farther away; 9t9iain most distant, 
farthest remote (l.away). eUiaeatl distantly. 

•Cilayya distance; remoteness; kaakainmn ^ 
roDote distance, (tulevalsuus) distant fu- 
ture; JMumn •figl«fim*np«MMhrfmafi «eW- 
•rydmOM uiiwiwtman at a distance of three 
miles from each other, three miles apart; 
mUdmn *^ tmiaiaimmm their being so distant 
(1. so far remote) from each other, (vftll- 
matka) the distance between them, -mittari 
(maanm. ft sot.) telemeter, -mituut meas- 
uring of distances. 

•UytyA draw (farther) away; vrt. loltota. 

•CIAIM far, a good way, a long way (s) ; (lol- 
tolle) far away, far off. etiiilA far, far 
away, far off, at a great distance; mtaaUi 



falaattlUnl 



far (removed) from each other, 
wide (1. far) apart (from each other), wide- 
ly separated. etAAia from (a) far. from a 
distance; at a great distance, far off; «fMil- 
m kmia&ttnna seen from a distance, seen 
from far off. etilmmAlle farther, farther 
off (1. away), (to) a greater distance. 
etiimmAliA at a greater distance, farther, 
farther off (1. away). etilmmAia from 
farther off, from (1. at) a greater distance. 
etiimpAna » etlU&mmSllK; •tiUinmana olmva 
(being) farther away, (asuva) living farther 
away. etiimpU » etXMmmlUtii; mtaHmpiUi 
h mtM^tiwu m seen from a greater distance, 
seen farther off. etlAntyA = eUytyX. 

Kufpat (-virta) Euphrates. 

eukko (an old 1. a married) woman; (vaimo) 
wife, aukkonan: mvkkoMani my dear little 
wife! (Jkpv.) wlfle (dear)! aukollinen .. 
with a wife, married. 

aunukki (kuohllas) eunuch. 

Kuro(o)ppa Europe; Europmn VanMjU Russia 
in Europe, European Russia, auroppalainan 
(a. & s.) European, auroppalalaaati in Eu- 
ropean fashion, aupoppalaltmallinen . . after 
(1. according to) European style (1. fashion). 

avankailnan evangelical [church, kirkko]. 
avankalia-lutapllalnan Evangelical-Lutheran. 
avankaliata evangelist, evankellumi gospel. 

avapsti colonel, -luutnanttl lieutenant - 
colonel. 

•varatlnarvo rank of a colonel, colonel's rank. 

avA (kalan-) fin. -«lua vessel with a fin-keel. 

avAinan (yhd.) . . with . . fins, . .-finned 
[esim. ptikU^ with spiny (1. prickly) fins, 
spiny- finned; tmrSvU^ with sharp (1. 
pointed) fins, sharp-finned]. 

avAJalkainan (elftint.) fin -footed, pteropod. 
avAkAa, avAllinan finned, finny. evimAinen 
fin-like. 

avAlpiikki fin -spine, -ruoto 1. -sAde fin -ray. 

avAa lunch; provisions, -kannu dinner-pail. 
-kontti pack (1. knapsack) of birch -bark 
for carrying lunch. ->korl lunch -basket. 
-laukku (sotilaan) haversack, -puasi, -rap- 
pu kni^sack for carrying lunch. 

avAatya putting up a lunch; (kuv.) ks. •vKs- 
tyskeskuataln; 9PiMykmmt (edustajalle y. 
m.) Instructions; mntiui mvUMtykmiS » evAs- 
tAA. -keekuatalu (esim. eduskunnassa) pre- 
liminary discussion (before referring a 
matter to the proper committee). 

avAatAminan putting up a lunch; (kuv..edus- 
tajan) instructing. evAatAA put up (a) lunch 
[for the trip, matkalle] ; (kuv.) have a pre- 
liminary discussion (before referring mat- 
ter to the proper committee) ; •vHMUm •duB- 
tmfia instruct the delegates. 

avAtA disapprove (of), discountenance; (hy- 
IfttA) refuse, decline, reject; (kieltftfl) deny 
[one a th., Joltakulta Jo(ta)klnl ; ^ mhdotng 
decline (1. reject) a proposal, disapprove of 
a project; <« pyyniB decline (1. deny) a re- 
quest; -^ aanofwa deny what one has said, 
go back on one*S word; ^ todimtuhmmnma 
repudiate one's (own) testimony. 

evAtdn finless. 

avAvalaa (elAint.) finback, fin -whale. 



(raam.) Pharaoh. faktori (klrjap.) foreman (of a printing- 

faaottl (mus.) bassoon. office). 

faKMaal (savlposlllni) glazed earthenware; faktuura (liik.) invoice, 

faience. falangi (taistorivi) phalanx. 

fakilH fakir, fakeer; dervish. falaaui (kurkkuft&nl) falsetto. -AAni fal- 

fakaimlla (tarkka J&ljitelmA) facsimile. setto (voice). 






falMAU — 68 — OMlogliMn 

falMAU (sep.) fold; li^. falMl 1. (sep.) ffnni (ii&ppyl&) pimple, pustule, blotcb. 

fold; lap; 2. (puus.) groove. flpma (toiminimi) firm, 

fanaattlnen (yltiOpainen) fanatical, fana- fit (mus.) F sharp. 

tiklio (intoilija, yltiOpiift) fanatic, fanatit- flatali (iftUc.) fistula. 

mi fanaticism. fiaami: iiaamin ki^U Flemish, flaamllainan 
fanearl (puus.) veneer. I. (a.) Flemish. II. (s.) Heming; fUamOmi'' 

fanfaarl (Juhlatoitotus) fanfare. Mf (myOs:) the Flemish people, 

farlinisoiieri raw (1. brown) sugar. Flanderi Flanders, 

farlsaaiainan I. (s.) Pharisee, n. (a.) Phari- fianalli (nukitettu viUakangas) flannel, fla- 

saic(al). faritaalaituut (tekojumalisuus) nellinen flannel, . . of flannel. 

Phariseeism. Pharisaism. flagmaaUkko phlegmatic person, flagmaai- 
farmaseuui pharmac(eut)lst; druggist. tinan (tyyni- 1. hidasmlelinen) phlegmatic, 

farm! (maatalo) farm. fluori (kem.) fluorine, 

fasaani (troopillinen kanalintu) pheasant. flyygali (-piano) grand piano: vrt. kon- 
fatadi (julklpuoli) front, facade, face, -pli- MrttI'*'. 

ruttut (drawing showing the) front eleva- Foiniiila (hist.) Phoenicia, Pbenicia. foinikla- 

tion [of ..]. iainan (a. & s.) Phoenician, Phenician. 

faminiini (kiel.) feminine. fondl (maalattu, nftyttftmOn) scene, drop. 

^t1?®Ji.i;^**l*l.'??J?J?li l?i!l**®Ti?i JSU" fonaattlnan (ftJlnteenmukainen) phonetic 

5! "J??^®- "^••' r®Mi«l-w»*«r. -«IJy fen- [ia« lam]. fonatiikka (oppi kielenftan- 

nel-oil. tAiatftI nhonetlcs 

fyHia^l(iian) (hist) feudal. faodaalllJipJaa- foSS?af I ( WnS^ phonogri«)h. 

Uimil. -laltot feudal system, feudalism, foparti (purolohiV (common EuK5)e«ri) trout, 

fermaatti (levfthdysmerkkl, mus.) pause, fopmaatti(kirJan- 1. pi«)erlnkoko) sise; (kir- 

hold. Ian \ make-UD 

J:fi.^h?"ft2ivUiS?;. f«ti,h firmillinl (kem.) formalin. 

FW«w-ai£^t thrFiii i^^^ foafaatti (kem.) phosphate, -lannotusalnaat 
fllkuJ^K^lDmn indla-r^ber tree Firus Phosphatic fertilizers, phosphates, 

f un!^««? rihmuvlr&^^^^^^ ^o%iw\ (kem.) phosphorus, -tiappo phos- 
'%SJ1S2?R[ pKtWy;huC?faVaSl: L^n^^^ %unT)^fa 
^•'ISS^Lr" ^"""'-^ philharmonic [socle- ffjjj^' Kh?rnrr[>'s'ls!""SX 
fiiilaii ka h..«««.^.*« phorus -match, -valo phosphorescent light. 

KilnVt ^SSSSIS the PhiUp- JJSli^n■^SS^a^P^ase^*''"'^^ ''^'*"- 

f Hmi®*fvAinir ^ film ^^•^^^ (hftnnystakkl) evening (1. full dress) 
f ^Li fMAiLu k« vi.ii»i.».itiiit iri^uti^j. coa*; (Jkpv.) swallow-tall. 

tiloMoii^ kandida^Hi Bachelor of Arts ?JKX* irSJ?a*^^^5Sy?*iKSl ^'^*"*^* 

riyh.: B. A.]; iiioscfian maiBUH Master of ^li!ilJj.^^\Vi.A\^l{^nlJi^' 

Arts [lyh.: M. A. (myOs: A. M.)]; «/o«»- ff^nsfwl (-tanssi) quadrille 

tian tohtoH Doctor Of Philosophy [lyh.: franaitkaanl Franciscan (friar), ^nunkki 

Ph. D.]. *- ^ t .7 j^g ^^^jj 

ffltpaatti (suodos) filtrate. fiitraaraU (suo- ^f^^^^ Frederick; - WOh^m Fredertck 

dattaa) filter, filtpumi (suodatln) filter. ^William. , v • . * 

flKti ks. huopa. fragattl (kolmimastoinen alus) frigate. -«iua 
finanaai- (yhd.) financial [eslm. -ocla fi- full-rigged vessel, -liniu (elftlnt.) frigate- 

nancial affair; -/tfr/MfcfmA financial sys- ^*>ird. y. „ , , , . 

tem; .*«rtomfw financial report]; .. of tf^ko fresco, -fnaalaua (kalkkimaalaus) 

finance [eslm. ^minimuH minister of ^fresco-painting, fresco, 

finance: -mlnf«e«H« ministry of finance]. frlkaa^M ks. vUIokkL 

-mlea financier, -oikaut laws governing i^^^wk (kiel.) future (tense), 

banking and finance. -pUilikktt (1. v. Yh- fftilkka physics, fytikaailnan physical 

dysv.) Secretary of the Treasury. ^ f*;**?™l''*'7', S®'?J?J- . «.. ^ w ^ , 

finantalt (raha-aslat) finances. fytlolofll (eloilmiOiden tutkija) physiolo- 
finantalBtiada 1. -oppI finance, -tiiaato fi- ffist. fyaloloflia physiology, fyaloioglnan 

nanclal statistics. physiological [chemistry, kemia]. 

finkkall (huono viina) inferior whisk(e)y. fvytlkko physicist, fyyallllnan physical. 

-Aljy (sikuna) fusel-oil. Fir-eaarat the Faroe islands. 



Oalliaa Galilee, galiiaaialnan Galilean. oaMlll (eliilnt.) gazelle. 

Oaliiala Galicia. gaaolllni (kaasueetteri) gasoline. 

galiarla (kuvasali) gallery. ganatiivit ganitlivi (kiel.) possessive (case) ; 

Qallia Gaul, galiialalnan I. (a.) Gallic. II. genitive. 

(s.) Gaul. Qanava Geneva. Oanava-Jirvi Lake of Gene- 

galvaanlnan galvanic, galvanitmi (kosketus- va. Lake Leman. 

sfthkO) galvanism, galvanoida galvanize; Oanova Genoa, ganovalalnan (a.) Genoese. 

(pa&llystiift hopealla y. m.) electroplate: Oant Ghent. 

galvanoitn rmata galvanized iron, galvano- gaologi (maanplnnan tutkija) geologist. 

plaatllkka (stthkOpftftllystys) galvanoplasty, oaologia geology, gaologinan geological 

electrotypy. [map, kartta; formation, muodostumaj. 



— 60 — 



hMPU 



(minausQopl) geometry. o«^ 

nMrikko geometrtciin. g«oiii«trlii«ii geo- 

meme [series, sarjt]. 
feroMaal Teuton, (ancient) Oerman. ger- 

MMBitaliien 1. (a.) Teutonic [langruage, 

kleU]. n. (8.) - cermuBL 
fee (mns.) O flat. 

teraltaHii-ealiiil the Straits of Gibraltar. 
fUjeciiiH (mestauskone) guillotine. 
firaffi (strabTi) giraffe, 
file (mns.) O sbvp. 
tUii l aa tt er l (muinaUroomal. miekkailija) 

gladistor. 
fllyeeHlnl glycerine, ^alppua glycerine so^. 
gweleal (-Toorilaji) gneiss. 
febelliiii, gobefenai (sein&vaate) gobelin 

tapestry. 
ttelf-vlPU the Gulf Stream. 
Calrary, Golgotba. 
(blst.) Ootb. aoottilainen Gotbic; 
Uimmm tyyU Gotblc Style (1. art). 
teftfilaiiien: '^ ambmm GorOian knot. 



forilla gorilla. 

doUanti Gothland, aetlentilainen I. (a.) 
Gothlandic. U. (s.) Gothlander. 

gpaaflllinen, graaffnen graphic. 

greflltti (kiv.) graphite. 

graham-lelpi Graham bread. 

gpamma (metrij&rjestelmftn painoyksikkO) 
gram(me). 

granaatti 1. (rftj&hdyskuula) sheU; 9. (kiv.) 
garnet. -«mena pomegranate. 

gpanlltti (kiteinen vuorUajl) granite. 

Opftnlantl Greenland; CrSnUmtdn aSipii 
Greenland spar, cryolite; CHMannin m/m 
arctic (L Greenland) right whale. 

fumml ks. InuiL 

guttaperkka guttapercha. 

MManmaa Gothland. 

4iMtepori Gothenburg, GOteborg, Gotten- 
borg; GMe«porte jarj99tmUnM the Gothen- 
burg (1. Gottenborg) system. 

gMniHlnen ks. goottOalMB. 



H 



haa ha! 

Naag the Hague; Hmagim htamrmnMBi the 
Hague conferoice. 

haaiifca eUler(-duck). haahkanuntuva eider- 
down. 

Iook(8), countenance, visage; vrt. 

rTlaiva) vessel, craft; ship, -rikko ship- 
wreck, wreck, -rikkoinen (ship) wrecked; 
fc— >ifi ihk9in%n ialom wreck. 
hMlakka l. (hailakka) pale; discolored, 
faded; 9. (haalea) tepid, lukewarm. 
(vetU) haul, pull. 
1 1. (vedestt ym. puhuen:) tepid, luke- 
; 9. (viristi puhuen:) — vmImu haa- 
„ make tepid; (jUhdyttimilM) cool 
(off), tiaalentua, haaleta (become) cool, 
cool off; myOs — fcalHtwa. haaleut tepid- 
ity, tepidness, lukewarmness; (vaaleus) 
paleness. 

haall (Amer. suom.) hall. 
iMalia (keritt) gather, bring (L get) to- 
gether; (virv&ti) enlist, secure, (Jkpv.) 
drum up; '^ k»k 9o n scrape (1. scurry 1. 
rake) together, hastily get together; ^ 
maimfim (Jkpv.) drum up trade; ^ muim 
fiUwmU pvotaMMen beat (1. drum) up 
new members for the party; <« Mibdn (ka- 
lastella) canvass for votes, electioneer. 
HaaHaninan, fiaalinta gathering; enlisting; 
drumnUng up. 
liaallatM 1. - hMlmtaa; 9. - iMllUtMu 
liaallatwa 1. - haaleta 9. - baUUtiuu 
Iks. kUoiSttll. 
ghost, apparition; shadow; UunUmm 
■MM in human disguise, vrt. Uunis^. 
I a8pen(-tree); hmavmm ImhH aspen leaf. 
. of aspen wood. 
haanalmataa aspen woods, -puu a^en 
(tree): (puualneena) aspen wood; hnapa- 
»■■■>■ uhty (myos:) aspen. 
iMara branch, arm; (puun) bough; (Joen 
ym.) fork; (suunu) direction; htmrmi (sA&- 
ret) legs, limbs; hmarai hmi^lmttm With 
one's legs spread apart (L stretched out), 
astride; erf hmmrMm m different (1. vart- 
oas) dtreettooa: Ma hmmrmitm from an dl- 
rtetloiis (1. quarters); kmpmmgim fokm Aaa- 



rtiim [AoaiWr*] all over the town; vrt. 
••ian'*, •ulni'*', tien'*' y. m. 

haara- (yhd.) branch [eslm. -kmmppm branch 
store; -AonefoH branch office; -panhhi 
branch bank; -tim branch road]. 

haaraantua branch, ramify; (kahteen haa- 
raan, esim. joesta puhuen:) fork; '^ /m. 
tmkin branch off. haaraantuminen branch- 
ing (off); ramification. 

haaralaaento (volm.) straddled position. 
-Iiaukka (elftlnt.) kite. 

haarainen branching, branched; (runsashaa- 
ralnen) branchy, (etup. tlet.) ramified; 
(yhd.) ..-branched [esim. kakai'-' two- 
branched], vrt.moai'*'. haaraituut branch- 
Iness. haarakat branchy; ramified. 

haarake (anat.) process, apophysis. 

haarakkuut — baaraisuut. 

haaraliiike branch (establishment), -oeatto 
brvich; vrt. alaoaasto. -piinen branching, 
forked; (kaksihalkoinen) two-cleft, bifid. 
-piiekynen (1. v.) barn-swallow, ^au 
branch line (1. road), -earvlnen .. with 
branching horns; (hirvesta.) an tiered. 
-eieni (kasv.) Clavaria. -tuoninen (kasv.) 
netted -veined. 

haaraton . .without branches, not branched. 

"?S!1?V5"* H*- ^••«'«»«*«*^ haarautuma ram- 
ification; fork, (esim. puun) crotch, haa- 
rautuminen ramification; branching, haa- 
pautunut branched, branchy; (haarukan- 
muotoisesti) forked. 

haarayhdittya affiliated society; branch. 

haareml (naisela) harem, seraglio. 

>Miaplkka wooden tankard (with two han- 
dles); (tuoppi) stoop; flagon. 

TKIll!!l?-,;fP®'*'i *^*"^**^' trappings; (rin- 
tahaamiska) cuirass, -pukulnen - haar- 
niakoltii. 

haarnltkolda equip with (1. clothe In) armor: 
hmmin^hoitn hamessed [knight, rltari], in 
(full) armor. 

haaroa — haaraantua. haarottaa 1. (tr.) 
spread .. out. set .. wide apart, (eslm. 
Jalkansa) rorawl; 2. (itr.) stand out, (haa- 
raantua) branch, fork; (esim. jaiat) be 
n>rawled, sprawl, haarottua branch, fork. 

^(monenkertalsesti) ramify. ' 

haapu -« haara. 



iMMipakanfnifoioinM 



— 70 — 



haarukanmuotoiii«n furcateCd). 

haanikka (luara) fork, crotcb; (kaliT^) 
fork. -•iMii (kasT.) CUvtrU. 

haftsia, haftsio drying-hurdle. ti —rt o K a (pan- 
na baaslaan) put on a drytng-hurdle. 

haaaka 1. (elilntan) carrion, carcass, (etup. 
raam.) carcase; 2. (haaakaus) waste: 
[mennA] hmmwhrntm [fO] to waste; maimmM 
'^ mm, Minnm h u r ^ t h mkm mm tuvmt (raam.) 
Wherever the carcase is. there will the 
eag-les be grathered tog-ether, haaakaaja 
wasteful person; vrt. metalBhaaakaaJa. 
haaakaaminan wasting^; vrt. tnhlaawrfnit. 
haaskaantua be wasted; be lavished; go to 
waste, haaskata waste riabor» tyOtt; on 
. . . Johonkin] ; (tuhlata) lavish, squander; 
hmmmkmta tmmtsMM cut down the woods reck- 
lessly, waste the forest, haaakaua wast- 
ing, waste; (metsin y. m.) reckless cut- 
ting^ down; (tuhlaus) lavishing', squander- 
ing; hmmahauk99m irnkm Wilful waste, (lak.) 
trespass, haaaklo waste. 

haaataa (puhua, kertoa) speak, talk; (vaa- 
tia) defy, challenge [one to a duel, Joku 
kaksintalsteluun (1. mlekkasille) ; to wres- 
tle, painisille; to a debate, viittelysm]; 
summon; «« Joku kSrMiUn (I. oihmvi^mn) 
(syytettynft) bring a suit against one, 
(esim. todistajaksl) summon one before 
the court; ^ HHrnm pick a quarrel; <« e*- 
diMtajaksi call (1. summon) . . as a witness, 
haattaja challenger; vrt. haastoaniM. haaa- 
tamlnan challenging; (oikeuteen) summon- 
ing; (puhelu) talking. 

haaauulia interview; (puhutella Jotakuta) 
speak to one. address one. 

haaaUttaa: ^ joku oikmutmmn (todistajaksi) 
have one summoned before the court; 
(syytettynft) bring a suit against one. sue 
one [for . . . jostakinl ; myOs — haastatelU. 

haaaUttaJa, haaatatuiija interviewer, haaa- 
UtUlu Interview. 

haasta (writ of) summons, writ; (sau>ua 
todistajaksi) notice to appear, (sakon uhal- 
la) subpoena; (urh.) challenge [eslm. p«f- 
mi*^ challenge to a wrestling-match], -ha- 
kamua (lak.) plaint. 

haaaUleminan talking, chatting; (keskuste- 
lu) conversation, haastaiiaa talkative. lo- 
quacious, haaataila talk, chat; hmoMimUm 
kmMk€niUin converse, have a chat together. 
haastaiu talk, chat; (keskustelu) conversa- 
tion. 

haaatamlaa — haaatomi^s. 

haasta — haasta. -mlaa sunmioner; (Yh- 
dysv. 1. V.) constable. 

haasu(korttl) small (1. loose) card. 

haava I. (ampuma-. Iy5mft- Ja pisto-) 
wound; (lelkkuu-) cut; (haavottuma) sore, 
ulcer; vrt. myOs: mXtM^, palo'*' y. m. 

haava 11. « karta; miH haoptui this instant; 
(nykyftftn) at present; yhtu haavtM simul- 
taneously, at once, (yhtft mlttaa) at one 
stretch (1. sitting) while we are at it. 

haavallbaltami (healing) balsam, -kuuma 
fever from a wound, wound-fever; (ift&k.) 
traumatic fever. -liikApi surgeon. 

haavanllahtl aspen leaf, -rauna edge of a 
wound, -vlhat inflammation In a wound. 

haavallpumpull surgical (1. absorbent) cot- 
ton, -voida ointment, salve; (-balsam!) 
balsam. 

haava phantasm; (kuvitelma) illusion, fan- 
cy, fantasy; n« ovat omin tyhfiH hmmvmita 
they are mere illusions, it's only idle fan- 
cies, haavaaiiinan (luonteeltaan) dreamy, 
romantic [girl. tyttO] ; (asloisU:) fanciful, 
fantastic [idea, ajatus]; hmmp^mtUnmrn iM#. 
fonan a girl of a romantic turn (l. mind L 
notions), haavaalllaaati dreamingly, In • 



dreamy manner, musingly, 
dreamy nature, romantic disposition, 
dreaminess; fantasticalness. haavaileinlfiaa 
dreaming, musinr. haavailava dreamy, ro- 
mantic. Iiaavalliia dreamer; visionary. 
haavailla dream, muse; fall into a reverie; 
hmmo^mmm dreamlng(ly), musing(ly). haft- 
vally dreaming: (day-) dreams, reveries; 
fc— ingu— iPifiiiiimiii lost in (day-)dreams 
(L reverie), musing, haavakala ks. haavattla. 
haavakalja dreamer, muser. haavakai- 
valnan dreamy, . . of a romantic turn. ha»- 
vakuva vision, visionary image; phantasm; 
(kuvlteUna) illusion, fancy, naavalma fan- 
cy; tfiOi fcaamlwM vagary, haavamialinan 
dreamy; sentimental. 

haavi ho<H>-net. (pisto-) dip-net. scoop-net; 
vrt. myOs: kolakti-*, parhoa^, rapu'* y. m. 

haavia catch (1. take) with a hoop-net (1. 
dip-net etc.) 

haavikko, haavlato thicket of aspen-trees; 
grove of aspens, aspen-grove. 

haaviminan. haavlnta catching with a hoop- 
net (1. dip-net 1. scoop-net), haavirahat 
collection. 

haavottaa wound; Inflict a wound [upon a 
person, Jotakuu]; (terftaseella) cut; '-' 
kaoi^ttmtmgH h^mkutm give one a death- 
wound, wound one to the death (1. fatally), 
haavottua be(come) wounded, get wounded, 
haavottuma sore, ulcer; (haava) wound. 
haavottumaton (Joka el ole haavottunut) 
free of wounds, without a wound, un- 
touched, unscathed, unwounded; (jota el 
voida haavottaa) invulnerable, haavottu- 
mattomuua invulnerability, haavottuaninan 
getting wounded, to get wounded, haavot- 
tunut wounded; h mm w o t t un mmt the wounded, 
haavottuvalnan vulnerable, haavottuvalauut 
vulnerability. 

haavuH (pataljoonan) army surgeon's as- 
sistant. 

haaakalia search (1. seek 1. hunt) [for. Jota- 
kin] ; (Iftpikotalsin) scour, haaakalu search; 
inquiry. 

haattaa (antaa hakea) have s.o. search (1. 
hunt) for; (tuottaa) have one bring (1. 
fetch); (l&hettftft noutamaan) summon, 
send for; hmmiti mmm mirnmlim had me bring 
(1. fetch) it, sent me for it; hmmiH wUM 
mimdim had me search for it; mdnXi mimm 
hmmttmnat tmidMi haihU tanmm I have Sum- 
moned (1. called) you all here. 

hah, hih eh? (mitft) what? how(*s that)? 

hahmo shi^e, figure, form; (kasvot) coun- 
tenance; (yleiset piirteet) contour, (dim) 
outline; (haamu) ghost, shade; Mmmn 
hahmonsm mu u tt u i his countenance chang- 
ed, -piirteet, •viivat ks. IXrilpUrtaat, -vlHat. 

hahmotalla sketch, outline; (muovata) shape. 

hahtuva downy feather; (tOyht(i) tuft, tas- 
sel; (villa- y. m.) flock; (hiude) flake; ks. 
pilvaii'*. 

hai (halkala) shark. 

haihduttaa vaporise, evaporate; volatilise: 
(kuv. » hftlvent&a) dispel [one's cares, 
huollaan], scatter [one's fears, pelkoansa]. 
disperse; '*' hnipUn evaporate, halhdutta- 
minan, halhdutua evaporation; volatiliza- 
tion; (hftlventftminen) dispelling, scatter- 
ing, dispersing. 

haihdutualkona (tekn.) evaporator, -maija 
1. -kulho (kem.) evaporating-dish. 

halhtua (nestelstfl puhuenr) evaporate, (be) 
volatillze(d) ; (erityselimien kautu) tran- 
spire; (hftlvetfl, hajaantua) (be) dls- 
perse(d). be scattered, be dispelled, (pil- 
visU, sumusta y. m.) (be) dlssipate(d). 
dissolve, clear (off), drift away; (kadoU) 
disappear, (a)vanish. (vfthitellen) evanesce; 
(hftlpyt) fadeaway; (havitft)beobUterated; 



— 71 — 



hajMinnaUM 



(poiitiw) ht removed; (kalkoU) nee (iwij) : 

'-' kmim tmkkm ff— fgiw TanlSll like "nwikA (1. 

like mist before tbe sun), (eslm. tolveista 
pttkoeo:) vanisti into turn air, come to noth- 
tag; ~ mtMmtta [makyvisiM} ks. kllPTK: 
'* mmdaHaim ht obliteratea (1. pass) from 
llie meni'""y, faiie oiit of the mpmnry; 

Li€a] mmrt* »n haihtanat (mimitMtM) I be 

HMmory lot U] Das beeri bluued(l.wlped) 
oui, (lilnuiiemijt) the memory [of It J has 
radeU a^4y; ii»f« haihiuu ihe nquhl U 
CTitKirAlinif ih voiauhitoff); pat?** Am'Afu- 
*« th« cloud 9 aj-e ai^pers^ing (L msst^lv- 

Inr); «« «ii Imin tuvUmmn haihtutOMt 11 B 

juAt M3 tbough Ji Mj:! blown a^ay (I. had 
TWQiaiked into turn air); ^fUTm AuAtun th< 
for la lirtrng^. the mist is clearing <orr L u[0. 

tfc^liiiiiftton (fy^. ^ kern.) not volatile. n<>t 
«%a(Kiratiag'; ipoutumaton) . . ihat couiii 
ooi he eraicd (L obiUerated) , ineTraceah^\ 
iiallitsiinauomecti merraceably. halhtumi- 
timt evaporation : (fyaioL) transpirauou, 
toaeaittile pefj^pir-ation- vrt. blUvenemloem 
luliiuiinleaittlarl <:vap<jratiurb Ka;.'/. ^n^p- 
ortiseter, atmometer. 

keilMiva (fys. ft kem.) volatUe [liquid, 
neste] ; (kut.) neetlnsr* passing, ruffitlve, 
eraneaceot; Jbatttaswe miyt TOlattle (1. 
eOereal) oils. halHtuvainen ks. edell. 
▼outmty; (kUT.) fngltlve- 



MlbBtl 



line (paSTilelli) wail, moan; wfalne; 
eot [oYer» jotakm] ; (kalTata) feel the 
loss of . . » miss very mucb, regret, hal- 
feeila moaning, wailing, lamentation; 
(reeliar of) loss, regret. 
hrtfcale sbark. 
iMrfliwa stork; lieran. 
heifcea sad, grterous; (katkera) bitter; 

Kiignant [sorrow, sum]. halkeasU sadly, 
tterly. halkeroMa moan, waU; lament; 
TTt. ■■■iirBUi haikeua sadness, bitter- 
ness; poignancy, halkeuttaa grieve, dis- 
tress; (katkerolttaa) embitter. 
haikM {u^uy smoke; (k&ry) smoky smell; 
(tnpm) purr, wmrr; MtU ImUmkin hmiku' 
' " ' e) % few puffs 



fm pO^mtimmn draw a takie) 
(L wmffs) at one's pipe. 



Mtakka pale, faded; (baalea) lukewarm, 
tepid. Iwliafckuue faded condition; (baa- 
leas) lukewarmness. 

htiH (silakka) Baltic (L small) berrtng; 
(eitmt.) Herring. 

li^flMi (mabasynarmubanen) pancreas, ^eete 
pancreatic Juice. 

tua ^ helrektiuu 

loe error; fault; slip, lu>se; rrt. 
jrs; mmrunitm ^ a youtbful error (1. 
indiscretion), halrahduttaa lead . . astray, 
mislead, misguide, delude. 

kalralrtaa. halraliUMi commit an error Q. an 
indiscretion); (erebty&) make a mistake 
(L ao error of Judgment); be misled; <« 
rmkmOiayydmm hAm deviate from tbe patb 
of recutude, err; '^ tmkm»MMn SoMin 
commit tbe error (1. indiscretion) of doing 
a tb., be misled (L beguiled) mto doing a 
tb. iMlpaMaimt, halrahtunyt mistaken; err- 
mg [gin, tytio]. bairalitavainea liable to 
err, faulty; fralL 

bainwlnin smelling, savoring; (pabalu) 
sttnklDg. haleeva smelling, odorous; (lOyb- 
kUvi) sUnking. 

balektfitaa give off an odor (L a smell 1. a 
fragraoce); smeU; ^ foiimkim smell of, 
(kuT.) savor of. 

iHHala bsve a ameU (L an odor), smell; 
(eaim. moasu:) savor; (baisu paballe, 

iBfWtW)«tok^rL,lgr*« XLi?"^^ 
■BtQ fWMt a good), Dgva a twitt smell, 



be fragrant, vrt. tnoksim; '*' MJMe« (I. 
pmktUm) smell bad, have a disagreeable 
odor. Have an offensive smell; '^ palmmBtHm 
smell burnt (L scorched); ^ tnpmhailt 
smell of tobacco; MbiMi hmdkmmaM kml—m 
he has a foul breath; m mi haitm mUfMn 
it has no smeU; Mum iM««« katwiUm I 
smeU coffee here; tMUiM hmimmm ptimmmtHm 
fl. ptdmnmMm) it smells as though some- 
thing had been burning here, there is a 
burnt smell here. 

halaUa smell, savor; (vainuta) scent; (hais- 
tella) sniff, snuff; « ktMma smell of a 
flower; -^ Uby smell that something Is 
burning (L scorching), (kuv.) smeU a rat; 
koirahtdUoi iMnUumm the dog scented a 
rabbit, halstamlnen, baleteleinliien smell- 
ing; scenting; sniffing [at ..]. haleteiia 
smell [of], sniff [at]; (vainuu) scent; 
haimUimm kkryM (kUV.) I smeU a rat; iM«- 
tmimoptm MMI fiua smell Of this rose. 
halail (sense of) smeU, smelling, haletin 
organ of smell, olfactory organ(s). 
haleu ks. hi^lv. -miyri (el&lnt.) teledu, 
stinking badger, stinkard, -niia skunk; 
kaimnmaadMm tmhkm skunk-skin, (kaupp.) 
natural black marten, -pihka — Mupihlau 
haltalllnen (vahingollinen) injurious, harm- 
ful, noxious; (turmiollinen) detrimental; 
(kiusalimen) troublesome; (hankaia) in- 
convenient; M mm tmrvmydmUm halitdUmia 
it is injurious to (the) health, it is un- 
heaithful. haitalliaeetl injuriously, harm- 
fully; detrimentally; vaUmtiam kmiimO^mti 
imkmnkim have a harmful (1. an injurious 1. 
a detrimental) effect upon . . . hiitalHeyue 
injuriousness, harmfufness; troublesome- 
ness; iaconvemence. 

tiaftau (give) trouble, bother, embarrass, 
inconvenience, annoy; (ehkiisU) hamper 
[the progress, kehftystt], impede; (va- 
hingoittaa) hurt, injure; mi mm hmOttm mi- 
tMMm that wont do any harm, (ei tee mi- 
tftin) it does not matter, never mindl (mm) 
mi hminmUd that wouldn't hurt (any), it 
would do no harm; e#Mte hmtttmm ^auitmmt 
the work suffers from defects. 
Haiti Haiti. Hayti. baltlialnen Haitian. Haytian. 
haltta (hankaluus) inconvenience; disad- 
vantage; drawback; (este) impediment; 
(kiusa) embarrassment: (hiiriO) trouble; 
(vahinko) injury, harm; (turmiollinen) 
detriment; kmtimkmi ks. oUe; hmiiattm with- 
out any mconvemence (1. trouble), with- 
out doing any harm. Just as weU; hmittma 
ks. tehdl, tuottM; mmimmmm on mm haittmnm 
the affair has that drawback (l. disad- 
vantage); MiJko miOM mimMm (mHHHn} hmtt- 
ima Will that cause you any inconvenience? 
will that make you any trouble (1. do you 
any harm)r mUU mm mmiaUm hmOtmm that 
has a detrimental (1. harmful l. injurious) 
effect upon the matter, (asia kiirsil) the 
movement will suffer thereby. 
haltttva bit of down, downy feather; Iboftn- 
vmi down, floss, (etup. kasv.) fuzs. (mals- 
sin) silk, fluff, 
haiven 1. — haltava; 8. (hluskarva) hair 

(of the head). 

haja ks. ha^mOm^ heJaUe. 

hajaanntte dissolution, disintegration; (eri- 

puralsuudesta Johtuva) ^lit [(with)in the 

party, puolueessa], division, rupture; 

(etenkin uskonnollisista sylstt Johtunut) 

schism; (murto) break [In tbe ranks, ri- 

veissA] ; vrt. be|MuitiimlB#B. -iila state of 

dissolution (1. disintegration); hmiammmmm' 

tamamm mtmmm disorganised, dismtegrated. 

bajaamnittaa cause \o scatter (l. dissolve 1. 

dltintegrate L bretfk up); disperse, scat- 



h«J«Mitua 



— 72 



. dislnteflrrate, cause a opllt (i. 



) 



ter; make . 

hij2il!itua°break up. dlasolye. (kem.) de- 
cS^ost; (erl auuimlUe) scauer Asperse: 
OeviU) spread, diffuse; (8"elsU. vilvolsta 
y. m. puhuen:) diverge; mduMtalmt hai^' 
iSIi the represenutlves dispersed; fco- 



tSSLkSnH^uUui the crowd dispersed; 
MdSStMiSSS^ the votes were scat- 
SSd hffiSSSSln.n Drejkingr up, msso- 
lutloD- (kern.) decomposition; (eri suun- 
mue) scatteFlng. dispersion; (eslm. valon) 
mffusion; IHiH«m«n«n J«i««rf«J«^^^^^^ 
solution of Parliament, hajaantumittiia 
Sta?e of decomjositlon (1. dislntegrration). 

halalhaDa«t: htMnapain with her hair all 
loose (Shanglnrdown her back); vrt. ha- 
jSSJ! UwSnin . . with her hair flymg (1. 
ffilooseT -kf IV* sowing broadcast. 

haJalla. hajallaan, hajallansa spread; scat - 
tefeS^ cuSpersed A^Gta-n oi^J^^^)^^*^ 
taken to pieces (1. V>9!Cl]\hahdiahmin 
^th dishevelCDed 5H''•.,'^"^?vA fi?r**i)2i" 
live (widely) scattered; hmmt fj- »««^X^ 
MiMlloaR astride; Mm haiMum M© (sjat- 
Sred) £)out, Ue around, be spread out; 

' (esini koneesta:) be (tjUten) ^art. ha- 
jalleT hajailaan (erllleen) apart; (rikkl) 
iSunderTcpalasiksi) to pieces; vrt. meimll. 

hajalitnen (haJaUaan oleva) s^^^ered. (kuv.) 
Svided (up) ; (rikkinftmen. kulunut) torn, 
ragged [coat, nuttu] ; vrt. hajanain^n. 

haJamlalinan , •bseS*-,n^°«>«2;, .J'^SeSt 1?r 
abstracted, forgetful; -* *«*»«.•"**?* "J 
a look), preoccupied «Pre8?lon. vacant 
look. haJamieilsMlJ absent-mindedly. ^- 
it?MteS3y? forgetfully. haJ-nlelltyye ab- 
sent-mindedness; haiami€iUyyd€MaUnhtn 
pttA»«l .. m a fit of absent-mmdedness 
he dropped , , , ^ ^ ^„_^ 

hftianainen SDread; (bajaliaan oleva) acat^ 
ii?^d *"spo™d^ spai-se; (epftyhlenlineril 
incohereni [speech, P^^^ -..^l^f ^^.^^IJ^; 

neciea sentences; Aa/flfuiJ«B p«rl«if A scai- 

lerod traits, some foaturos [of. J^sl^k U j . 

desultorily. haj«rtal»uu« intotierence, ms- 

h^linitiii, -Oirln astride, straddle -legged. 

haJautua -> hajaant— t 

haJaUni: hMUtnt stray (1. scattered) votes. 

hSUSinan "bfeaidng (up), dissolution; 

"SiSnSim?. msp^on; 'diffusion; (^^^^ 
decomposition; ylW»« haioaminmn(m^^:) 
dissolving of partnership; vrt. hajaantmnl. 
SaiT hajoamletlla state of decomposition 
a disintegration); state of dissolution (1. 
disorganization). 

baiou break up. dissolve; (hajaantua) scat- 

"Sr. (be) dlsperse(d).^ (laajalie) diffuse; 
(levltft) spread; (sftrkyft) get broken. break, 
come apart, break into shivers; - idnm- 
oSSwa (be) disintegrate(d); vrt. wur.; - 
^j^nMin»m (kemlaUisestf) (^e) decom- 
pose(d); - ktdn tuhka taolaan vanish into 
thin air. vanish like smoke; - pirataimikmi 
be shlttered (1. shivered). faU to pieces 
vrt aftrkya: kokoulumn hahttaa after the 
SeitlS bSi ^en up (1. had dissolved); 



rMoalMie the walls spread (1. col- 
iipMd LrcU down); rrnkmrnm •n hmhrn- 
mritillmm kl. luhlatoa. 



hajottaa disperse, scatter; (levlttU) spread 
(out); (lopettaa) break up [a meeting, 
kokous]. dissolve [the Diet. eduSkunta], 
(joku yhdistys y. m.) disorganize; (ottaa 
hajalleen, purkaa) take to pieces, take 
apart [a machine, kone] ; (replA alas) tear 
down, pull down, demolish [a building, 
rakennus]; -^ oinmomiHga break up into 
its elements (1. into its constituent parts), 
disintegrate; ^ ktnUdliamgti (alkuainei- 
siinsa) decompose; '^ moan taaMm level 
with (1. raze to) the ground, level, raze; 
<« pmHiwohjin oihoUiMmm Hvit Shatter the 
ranks of (1. rout) the enemy; ^ voimUmn 
divide one's forces, scatter one's strength. 

hajottaja dlsperser, demolisher Jne.; (kuv.) 
(hajotustyOn tekijft) one who causes dis- 
ruption, troublemaker, disruptlonist. -linssi 
(fys.) concave lens. ^ ^ 

hajottaminan spreading; diversion; (eslm. 
eduskunnan) dissolution; disorganization; 
demolition; dismtegration; decomposition; 
vrt. hajottaa. haJotUva (kuv.) disruptive. 

hajotut — hajottaminaii; mduMkannan '^ dis- 
solution of the Diet, -if • (kuv.) disruptive 
propaganda (1. activities 1. work). 

hajoiuttaa have (1. cause to be) dispersed, 
broken up Jne.; (rakennus) have . . torn 
down, have . . demolished. 

hajoutua (kem.) decompose, hajoutumlnan 
(kem.) decomposition. 

haju smell, odor, scent; (tuoksu) fragrance, 
aroma; (paha <«') stink, (lOyhki) stench, 
-aina perfume, -alati ks. haUtL 

hajuava ks. haiaava. 

haJuOelin « haUtia. -Iiermo olfactory nerve, 
--nerna sweet pea. 

hajuinen: iofiMn ^ . . with (1. of 1. having) 
a . . smell (1. odor). . .-ly smelling [eslm. 
Aamafofi - With (1. Of) a horrid (1. nasty) 
smell. horr£ble-(l. horrid-) smelling, nasty- 
smelling; miMyttMpan '^ with (1. Of) 
an agreeable smeU (1. odor), pleasant- 
smelling: ondtnUmn - With (1. Of) a pe- 
culiar (1. strange) odor, peculiar-smell- 
ing]: vrt. hsrvKii-*, pahan'^ y. m. 

haJuplhka (pirunpaska) asafetida. asafoetida. 

hajustaa perfume, scent, hajuttamaton not 
perfumed, unperfumed. 

hajutuola smelimg-salt(s) ; sal volatile. 

hajuton odorless, without fragrance; an '^ 
(myOs:) has no smell, does not smell, 
hajuttomuua absence of odor, lack of fra- 
grance (1. odor); (tautina) loss of the 
sense of smell. (Ift&k.) anosmia. 

hajulvati perfume, toilet water, (eau de) 
cologne, -voide pomade, pomatum, -dijy 
essence. . . 

haka I. hook; (koossaplttvft) clasp; (sftppi) 
hasp; bolt; ovi on MoMma the door is 
hooked. 

haka II. (aldattu laldun) pasture; (plenl he- 
VOS-, tallln vleressa. Engl.) paddock; (ai- 
taus) enclosure. 

hakaltaa (puheessa) falter; (inkyttaft) 
stammer, stutter. 

hakamaa pasture -ground (with plenty of 
shade). 

hakanan hook; (hakasulkimierkkl) bracket; 
(kirjan) clasp; hakmM€t (sulkumerkit) 
brackets: ponmi hahoMiin (eslm. pukunsa) 
hook, (hakasulkumerkkeihin) put (1. en- 
close) in brackets. 

hakaQnaula (lukko-) safety-pin. -ratas (kel- 
lon) esc^e- wheel, -ritti (muinalsaikai- 
nen korlste) swastika. 
hakaU hew; (kiveft y. m.) cut; (pilkkoa) 
chop; <« halkoia Chop wood, cut firewood; 
^ kivia cut (1. hew) stone; -^ mmahmn 
(eslm. puu) chop down. fell. (eslm. ttt>pe> 
lussa) hew down; «» Motaii cut down 



»— 71 — 



MkokuopflM 



tlmlMr. fell trees; '*' poOUd cut (1. cliop) 
off; ^ pmi» cut away: yrt. MdJL 

hakes seek, look (1. hunt) [for, Jotakln]. 
searcli [for . .] ; pursue [pleasure, huvl- 
toksU] : (kftsUnsA) taunt . . up, find; (tuo- 
da) retcta, taring; (virkaa y. m.) i^ply for; 
(olkeuden kautta) sue for; hamttavakaHn" 
Uat^ttm imimii a position advertised as va- 
cant, an announced vacancy; hmn mmm 
•flea I was looking for you yesterday, I 
tried to find (L to get hold of) you yes- 
terday; '^ moiomva apply for (1. try to 
get) a divorce, sue for (a) divorce; '^ 
maau taunt . . up, fish . . out; -^ Joku M- 
mSnaM hunt one up, find one; '^ Udnam 1^- 
ply for a loan; '^ UMuhiMtm /MtoMn seek 
solace (L consolation) in . . , seek forget- 
fulness (L relief) in . .; <« muutoMtm pSM' 
MfcM«a appeal the case; <« Jotakin oikmw 
4mm kmatttm Seek (1. try to recover) a tta. 
through the courts, (joltakulta) sue one 
for a th.; ^ mikmadmm hmutia korvmiBta 
jmrntmUn seek redress through the courts 
for . . , sue for damages on account of . .; 
^ mmkbmmi03m dig worms ; '^JOltakUlta amm- 
tanmmnBm (lain kautta) sue one (for adetat), 
sue one to collect a detat; <« Jotakin toinim 
(l. wirhmm) apply (L put in one*s implica- 
tion) for a position, seek an office; miBtM 
■■Ifafwii mm hmmtUoiaMm where can such a 
one he found? where is such to he looked 
for? pmikm hmU kirimmnma foka pmikmmtm 
the boy hunted high and 'low (1. looked 
everywhere) for his hook; twimn hmkmmmmn 
mbmm wmmOlm 1*11 come to take you to our 
house; vbrkm mm hmmttmommm the position 
has been announced (1. advertised as) va- 
cant, the position may be ^plied for, ttae 
office is vacant, hakeminen seeking, look- 
ing for Jne., vrt. ImIma. hakemisoikaut 
right to apply. 

iMkeMiato compendium; (aakkosellinen) 
index. 

lMaemttli»«nt«klj« ono \s no mriKe:^ n. hA% 

Iiaiemua ftppUratlou: (anumua) pellUoa; 
moimmt^^ ^i\*[irU\fi\i Tor atvurce. hake- 

hAktja i^QVi^\s\ viran y. m.) applJcftnt 

:rur ,.}; c*oma*te; (pyfWja> aspirant. 
hatkaajA culler, CtiOpper» hewer; vrt. ba- 

hAftkaafnaton uurut* unbeiiTi: undreamed 

r atone. klvU. hakkaam^nen tiewiiig^, cui- 

ixik^, r hopping. 
haakallia XfK* stl^ntion to U firl. tytton], 

go witn one* pay court to * .; - tyti^jd 

tun with (rJri5. 
haltkau* (haltii(Mfninen> rutting, hewtnjT, 

cbi:»t>plng: <iia]csttu palkka metsassft) clea^r- 

l4)f; mtmiMmm ~ felJiag tre«*l <]. timber J. 

-.imL ••liM area (1. place) cteared or trees, 

hakkaottaa titve .. tiewit (L cut down 1. 
chopped >; ~ hmikvfa bive wood c&Oppea, 
goUikiilU) nave i. p. crjop wood for one; 
* pt^kM liavi? . . cut (L cboppert) off* 

heakalM« Oltia) chopped (L [iitn<:ed) mt^t; 
Bmsh, r'jlki) ctiopped ?traw» charr 

hekki» ho^, i\£t)tMteT&\nen) mattoclCH plck- 
a.1. -koftlt K?. huiauliorttl. 

Itakkurl chfipplng-MoOt: {esim. Unanleik- 
Itau^ta vartent) block; (kauKaiomalnen) 
eti*jppiri(f't>owi. 

hakkuu ^ li*kkaii». 

Iieko O'fio^ped) wpviw of ^vRrpreen; hamt 
ererrr*?fln sprlff^; vrt. hAvu. -metal -^ ha- 
Tini»9t*L witika rkuv,) a stlfr ueeked per- 
iod, *fiUU — luvupau. 

iiaku teireb; que«t: m^nnM pmm Haktmn gO 

for iU after) wood, go and find (I. bunt 



for) wood: mUm ty9m hmuMma be in search 
of work, be looking for work (1. for a 
Job) ; tulmn mnm hmumta I have been look- 
ing (1. searching) for wood, -alka time for 
(making an) ^plication, -kelpoinen quali- 
fied [for ..]. -keipoiauua qualification(s) 
[for, Johonkin toimeen (1. virkaan)]. 
-kumppani another i^plicant; iboAofcamp- 
panini (useista puhuen:) those applying at 
the time I did, the other ^plicants; hMn 
mii munan hmkakampptaUni sUhmm imimtmmn 
he was another ^plicant for the position. 
-paper It written application; application 
(-pikers), -eana (sanakirjassa y. m.) main 
word. 

halalleminen, halallu embracing, hugging. 
halallla ks. haUta, 1. 

halaiau ks. halkaUta. halaiatu split, cloven; 
hMm mi puhamai haimUtma mamma he did not 
Utter a (single) word. 

halajaminen: Jmnkim '^ longing for . . . 

halata i. (syleilia) emtarace, hug; S. (halu- 
U) desire; (ikftvOida) long, yearn [for, 
jotakin]. 

halava (kasv.) hay willow. 

halJennut split: cracked [glass, lasi]. 

haljeta split, cleave; (repeytyft halki) rend, 
tae(come) rent; (sArkya) break [m two, 
kahtia], burst; (halkeilla) crack, chap; '^ 
maaruBta Split (one's Sides) with laughter; 
oflfi '^ hamdmta I was completely dis- 
gusted, I was filled with indignation; «^ 
d&mmmi halkmm mwvamta my heart breaks 
(with sorrow). 

halJu: <« mtimm a good-for-nothing fellow. 

halkalaein«tonuncloven,unsplit. halkalaeml- 
nen cracking, splitting, halkaiaija cleaver, 
sputter; (mat.) diameter; (mer.) jib. 

halkaiau cleave. spUt; (Jakaa) divide; (re- 
vaista) rend, rift; (viUtU auki, esUn. elii- 
men maha) rip up; (s&rkeA) break (open), 
crack; mi mmwmt mamat muuta haikaimm (1. 
V.) words are not deeds; vrt. halkoa. 

halkeama crevice, cleft, split, (tlet.) fis- 
sure; (jaatikOssa) crevasse; (suurl) gap, 
(kuUu) chasm; (pienempi) crack [in a 
bell, kellossa], (ihossa y. m.) chi^; (re- 
pe&mA) rent; ^ mtmrimma (L mminiUmH) 
crevice (1. break) m the wall, halkeami- 
nen splitting; breaking, bursting; crack- 
ing; vrt. hiOJeta. 

halkellia crack; (ihosta y.m. puhuen:) chap; 
(miner.) flake (off); -« Ja puMUa pmim 
(esim. rappaus seinastft) peel off (in 
flakes), flake off. haikellu cracking, chap- 
pmg; flaking (off). 

halkl I. (prepos.) through, right (1. straight) 
through; (yU) across, right (1. straight) 
across; <« aikmimn through the ages; '^ 
miMnUM all (through) my life; '^ ntmisMm 
Straight through the woods; ^ tmHn 
(straight) across the market-place; '*' 
vuodmn all the year around, throughout (1. 
right through) the year. n. (adv.) apart; 
(rikkl) asunder: (kahtia) in two (parts) 
[alna verbien yhteydessA. ks. esim. leika- 
ta, mennK. sahata]. -lelkkaua (tekn.) 
lon^tudinal section. 

halkinainen cracked, cleft; (rikkinainen) 
broken. 

haiko stick of (fire) wood; haimt (koU.) 
wood, firewood, cordwood. 

halkoa cleave, split; (palottaa) cut up, di- 
vide up; ^ aaitmfa (esim. laiva) part the 
waves, cut (through) the waves, (kynt&ft) 
plow the waves; ^ Unuta part the air [in 
its flight, lennossaanl, cut (through) the 
air, (aanestft puhuen:) rend the air. 

halkohelmatakkl frock coat, Prince-Albert 
(coat). 

lialk«|k«upplM dealer tn wood. 



halkollltwl 



— 74 — 



load of (rire)wood. -liiupl wood-house, 
wood-sbed. 

h«lkoiiiln«ii cleaving, spllttinr; cuttlnflr up. 

halkolplno pile of wood (corded up). wood- 
pile. -««h« buck -saw. -eyll cord of wood. 
-tarha wood-yard, -vaja wood-sbed. 

halla frost; (kuv. — baiua) Injury, barm; 
' " damaged by frost, (esim. 



kuldsta:) frost-bitten: <« pmU rukUn tbe 
rye was damaged by frost. hallaliiM 
frosty; vrt. halUMriUiim. 

hali«n|«pka sensitive to fro^t. -arkuut sen- 
sitiveness to frost, -purema damaged (1. 
bligbted) by frost, frost-bitten, -vahlnko 
damage (caused) by frost, bllgbt by frost. 
-vlkuuttanui touched (1. nipped) by (1. 
with) frost, frosted, frost-nipped. 

halialparilnan exposed to frost, frosty. 
-vakoutut Insurance against frost, -vuoai 
year of heavy frosts, year of late [early] 
frosts. -y« frosty night, night of frost. 

iMllava pale gray, hallavanharmaa dingy, 
muddy gray, drab; faded. 

iMllaluIa haUeluiah! haUelujah! 

halii I. (harmaahylje) gray seal. 

iMlii n. (kauppa-) market, (Engl.) hall; 
aamna'^ train- Shed; vrt. myOs: Juhla'*, 
kaupp«'«, nMUly^ y. m. 

halllkolpa (n^s: halll) brindled (wateh-)dog. 

haliinnoilinan administrative; governmen- 
tal; ^ km^Utjm centralization of the gov- 
ernment; haiUnnoaUtm timtS karkotHtn de- 
ported. 

halllnnonhaara administrative branch. 

halll nta (lak.) occupation, tenancy; hMin- 
taan ottaminmm taking possession, (lak.) 
seizin. 

hallinto administration; (konkr.) board of 
administrators, (tehtaan y. m.) manage- 
ment, board of directors (1. managers); 
tmhiaan haitimwn jMrnmn (myOs:) one Of the 
directors of the factory, a director. 

hallinto- (yhd.) administrative [esim. 'pUH 
administrative district; 'toimmnpidm ad- 
ministrative measure]; executive, -alka 
administration; hUn^n kaUiniomiktmamn 
during his administration, -kyky ability 
as an administrator; executive ability. 
-nauvoato board of administrators, admin- 
istrative board; advisory board, -olkaua 
administrative law. -tutklnto (1. v.) ex- 
amination in administrative law. -vaHa 
administrative power; control, -vlran- 
omainan executive, official in the execu- 
tive department (of a government). 

halllparta I. (s.) graybeard. II. (a.) gray- 
bearded. 

hallittaa bleach; fade, halllatua (be) 
fade(d); be(come) bleached, halllatunut 
faded; . . with the color dim (1. gone). 
halllatua fading, loss of color. 

halll ta rule [(over) a people. Jotakln kan- 
saa], reign [over ..]; dominate; sway 
[one's audience, kuulljakuntaansaj , hold 
sway [over . .] ; master [a language, Jota- 
kln kieltfl], be master of; control [one's 
temper, kiukkuaan], be in control of 
[one's property, omalsuuttaan] ; (have) 
command (of); (olla hallltsijana) govern, 
reign; (pltftft hallussaan) hold [an estate, 
tllaa] ; vrt. vallita; -^ asmmaia) control (1. 
command) the situation, (henkildstfl:) 
have the situation in one's control (l. well 
in hand), be in command (I. be master) 
of the situation; ^ kehnosH misgovern, 
misrule; '^ kmttUi kimlta (osata) be in 
command of six languages; «« tHydmlUsmm- 
ti have a complete command of, master; 
(kuulijakuntaansa) hold [one's audience] 
spellbound; « p^t mku mi mm rule (1. gov- 
•m) an empire; HMn htOH—m mmrtm mmI- 



raofta (myOs:) he has a large property 
(1. estate) at his disposal; NOmU ttswmn 
hmttit9M9m during the reign of Nicholas n, 
under Nicholas n. 

hallitaava ruling [puty, puolue], reigning 
[prince, ruhtinasj. governing [senate, se- 
naatti] ; commanding [position, asema] ; 
dominating: (vallitseva) prevailing [lan- 
guage, kleli]; '^-looM (log.) major prem- 
ise (1. proposition) ; mamUnuui <« . . ruling 
(1. dominating) the world. 

haliitalja ruler; sovereign, monarch, -kump- 
pani Joint regent, coregent. -parho the 
king's [the emperor's] family: ruling 
family; the ruler [emperor, king] accom- 
panied by his family; vrt. seur. -auku 
reigning house, ruling family; (-sarja) 
dynasty. 

halliiaijatar sovereign, ruler; (kuningatar) 
queen; (keisarinna) empress. 

halllialJalvalhdoa change of ruler, -vakuii- 
tua arrirmation by the ruler. 

hallitukaaataluopuniinan abdication. 

hallltua government; reign; admUiistratlon; 
vrt. haiUato; hmOHukBrnm /Amu (mlniste- 
ristOn) cabinet minister; hmlHiMtm k omk t mm 
governmental, administrative; KmmHm 5to- 
rmn htdUtukmmn tOkmnm during (1. In) the 
reign of Charlemagne. 

hallltua- (yhd.) . . of government [esim. 
'jMrjm9tmlmM order (1. system) of govern- 
ment; -JkoR«fot« machinery Of government; 
'tamkkm burden of government; -Mlt« 
power of government], governmental 
resim. 'NbimMtmImM governmental system 
(1. order); -Mlto governmental power (1. 
authority)], government [esim. 'Vinm' 
omminmn government official]. 

hallituaBalka reign, rule, -kaupanki capital; 
seat of the government, -kaual reign, -ofii*- 



llnan friendly to the government; 
tniMnmn Imhti a paper supportUig tbe 
government; (Yhdysv.) a pi^er 8UiH>ort- 
ing the President's policy, -mimle (form 
of) government, regime, -muutoa change 
of government (1. administration), -nati- 
voato (1. V.) administrative council; vrt. 
li«Uinton«inrosto. -ohjakaat reins of gov- 
ernment; oUm hmOitwmohiakaim^m hold the 
reins of government, have the reins of 
government in one's hands, be at the helm 
of (the) state, -pilri: hJUHma^HrmimMM in 
government (1. ruling) circles, in circles 
close to the throne (1. the government), 
-puolua party supporting the government, 
party in power (1. control), ruling party, 
-puolualainan member of the party in 
power; (Engl.) ministerialist, -auynta re- 
gime; govemment(al) policy ; hMHwmmum^ 
mm mwngt— Change in the policy of tbe 
government, change of regime. Hapa 
method of government, -vlranomalaat con- 
stituted authorities; government offi- 
cials, -^uoai year of [one's] reign; «tf. 
dtUmnU hmUUu Mv uo fn Qmm in the fifth year 
of his reign, -yativiilinan friendly to tbe 
government. 

hallualnataloni ks. li«rlia-«lstfaBiM. 

halluaaa. haliuau ks. baltu. 

halma (burned over) clearing (sown with 
grain). 

halonflhakkaaja man to chop wood; wood- 
chopper (1. -cutter), -hakkaua 1. -Hakkuu 
chopping of wood, -aahaaja man to saw 
wood; wood -sawyer. 

halpa cheap; (kuv.) humble [cottage, ma- 
Ja], lowly; (halpamainen) mean, base; 
(halpahintalnen) inexpensive; ^ himtm 
cheap n. low) price; tmyydi,p8taa. aaada 
Jne.T KthHttM (hbunmim' 
ete.] cheap, at a low pr 



•/ [sell. buy. gel 
nea. at a bargitn. 



— T5 — 



hirfuU 



lMlptt|-«nroiiiMi or low (1. little) value. 
ct)M|>; (amtlQen) bumble, lowly; (balpa- 
syntytiwQ) of lowly birth, of bumble par- 
entage. -«nroiauua cheapness; bumble 
origin, -tilntainan cheap, inexpensive; 



low-priced: kaipmhintminMn mchm Cheap 

" popular) edition. -Iiintaiaaua cheap - 

I, Inezpenslveness; low price, -korlioi- 



(L 



a loan at (a) 
low (rate of) interest. 
iMrfp— insn (katala) mean [fellow, mies], 
vile, meanly low, sordid; scurvy [trick, 
temppu]; foul [deed, teko]; (balveksltta- 
va) despicable; vrt. haip««riolhi>n; hmlpm- 
walBiffB trntmiim in an abject manner, mean- 
ly: mtitmm haJjuummiBtm bow mean! how 




abominable! lialMmaiaMtl meanly, base- 
ly, Tilely, sordidly. halpanMituut mean- 
ness, vtleness, sordldness. 

iMrfpalwieHnen low-(l. base-)minded, base, 
mean. -oilellMeti low-mindedly, basely, 
meanly. -ml«tl«yyt low-mindedness, base- 
ness. -•■kiiiiiMi 1. -eyntyinen or bumble 
origin, of lowly birth, ^ukuiauoa 1. -eyn- 
fyi«yyt lowly birth; bumble origin. -Mi- 
t y li i wi . . or low estate, . . of a low order, 
plebeian. 

haipainiiiiit cheapening; (arvossa) depre- 
dation; (tavaroiden) going down in price. 
cheapness; humbleness, lowliness: 
'^ lowness or the price, the low 

broiler; gridiron, grill; haUtmrmm 
broiled, griUed. Iwlataroida broil, 

rairy, ray, (paba) goblin, hobgoblin, 

gnome; (suojelusnenki) guardian spirit; 

(tonttu) brownie: vrt. katl'^, m«tsin'«, 

wra^. haltiatv rairy, ray; (keiju) elf. 

taHlla occupant, holder; incumbent; (omis- 

f4j«1 p<iS9«S90r« own^r; fn«fc«afc« iUm^n 

tmltijidlm pay W Ulie) bear**r . ,. nykyintn 
vrrvk -^ Xtfi prea*int incimil>**fiU h»UiJ*UP 
fKtM<?r, owner; (wocnan) fimprifttor, h*!* 
tiJttlAfi unownert, ijniif>:*afr*se(1; (lak.) va- 
im\\: iTyiikyTJi kuJkeva) i3«r«iicr 
hsltio; hoitimhinMm k.^. >eueua. mmmdm', [OllS] 
t>^ti*U*Mm Tiff J <?iiinant, (Innoissaan) 
IbeJ hlg^hiy <^nlT]LjjJeJtN\ [tK^l Frrpatly In- 
«pi red -, haiti^^Bamn «/d v f^ f M i a ] U H L w i tn J a>\ 
In an ec*Ui > of J*iy- rialtigiBsw»ia <condl' 
lion of) foiacy; (lovi>*;nliankeaniiiienj 
triDce, rulti«itiift bfHcdUie) «ta]ted^ bi*- 
ri>me bt^tjiy f*ritMu?fla.Htie. be inspired; 
ilamtm h^timtnnut eiiiUani (L UirllleU) 
»1ih joy, overjoy on. halllcii|umln«n be 

(tlUoni. k*nmn hailummm fafe «n In WllUiKii.^ 
po^es*iOn is Uie house? who own^ (L 
o^api4^4) I tit? boii:^^, (k<^nen kfiyietta- 
tiM> v^U€i hit* the !iiyu»« at bts (Us;- 
P&i«|7i. k4. pitftif hmiitittatm k?. luovut- 
Umi J^jftkun htdtwmn inui a f>.'s poase!^<^lo[i, 
<huo!ttaaiiV lull) a p.'f4 keepivif? (L caroK 
iliajiiir»> ifito m lui a p/,^ band<^ [(^Mm. 
(whimiwh*H A«lt mirt Into (L In) t!i« h^n^U 
iff a Uwyf^r; vih^Utmn tmltnan tiilo the 
po»!w»^^Hn> (I, tmo tbe bands) or the ene- 
my: biiom. myOs. Jumaian htdtamt the 
Ijord blr*'* vol Ic^ep you! the Lord pn^- 
utf^H you' doft h(> wUh yofi! (hyvttsti} 
VTiOd'by]. krt. littJiAp u«Jco«: Aa/emifus kH, 

itmimmm lum over, (Tuovuliaa) give u\k 
<r«li!. 3urrrnft<*r. relcas*^* reKnqiJlsh. 
HalM desir«, mind^ (k&^putj) ioti|?mjr^ <mle 
It&lllll eaif^riieH.^; (httno) lus^t. €Ov*ii: 
Ctotvoi wi#b. want; (t»tputnua> tendency, 
bMif, Inctmatton [kaikkf kotme; ror. jo- 



lionkin]: taste, liking; (mielfhyvii) pleas- 
ure, deligbt; Aofaffor. halwutm with pleas- 
ure, with delight, (mielell&iin) willingly, 
readily; A&mIM mi ol« fmhm hikmm he has 
no taste ror reading, he doesn't like (I. 
want 1. care) to read; mimnOm olM hyua ^ 
mnimm MnM kmrvOlm I have a fttod mind to 
curr (1. to box) his ears; omoMtm hmluMta 
or one's own accord, haluava desirous, 
wishrul; (halukas) wUling; fmkm tiUmn ha- 
iuapUim Omoimiaan notice or which is here- 
by given to the interested parties; nfiyte«- 
UfUHMrmkBi haltmvm desirous or becoming 
an actress. 

haiulnen: fmrnkin ^ desirous or, eager ror 
(1. arter), (hlmoinen) covetous (1. greedy) 
or (1. ror), (johonkin valmis) m a humor 
ror . . [esim. kUimkmmn -^ desirous or 
praise; Inmnimn '^ desirous or honor (1. 
glory), (tav.) ambitious, a^iring]; ks. 
myOs: ihraily*, ksstoB'* y. m. 

halukas willing; (valmis) ready; (taipuval- 
nen) disposed [to (1. ror) .., Johonkin], 
..ma mind rror ..], inclined [to ..]; 
(hlmoinen) desirous, covetous, greedy; <*' 
mMA tmmm a n Willing (1. ready 1. disposed) to 
\i^\V\ha3LvMmaA otmjat prospective buyers, 
intending purchasers; Kalnkkain aOmdn 
With longing glances, with wistrul eyes; 
hohAkaHm hmUhitm kmhmfimm . . all who 
desire to apply are requested to . .; «rtt- 
tmn '*' /•teMfi UkmmiUin eager to do a th. 
hatukkaatti willingly, readily; (haiulla) 
eagerly, with eagerness; (himokkaasti) - 
covetously; (mielellMn) with pleasure, 

?rladly; kalukkmammin rather, sooner, pre- 
erably [huom. mn toivo mdtaMn mr htdnh- 
kmmmtnin there is nothing I want so much 
as that (I. more than that 1. worse than 
that)]; haiwMudnunin most or all, more 
than anything else, prererably. halukkal- 
auat, halukkuua readiness, willingness; 
eagerness, 
haluilinen desirous; vrt. halnkaa, 
haluu like [to know, tiet&&: to see, n&h- 
dA] ; desire, want, (raam.) list; be (1. reel) 
inclined [to do a tb., tehdi Jotakm]. 
(kielt. ja kysyv. lauseissa:) care I ror..]; 
(toivoa) wish; (ikftvOidfl) long [ror . .] ; 
(hlmou) have (1. reel) a desire [ror ..]. 
thirst [ror ..]; (tavotella jotakin) aspire 
to, strive ror (I. arter), pursue; haiuaimin 
mmmdm timtHM I would like to know; A«laan 
oalon fitfn IdrhfWMatai I want (1. like 
to have) the arrair arranged thus; halwrnn 
mhdutomaaH timiiUi I am determined to 
know; haiumHmko knpin UmtM do you wish 
a cup or tea? would you like (1. care ror) 
a cup or tea? <« Jotakin hmrtmasti (\. kHh- 
kmUmti) have an ardent desire ror ... de- 
sire a th. with all one's heart, long for a 
tb.. be eager about a tb.; >« jokHkin wish 
(1. have a desire) to become . .; '^ kotdtmn 
wish (1. like) to go to school; -^ mimlman' 
ndn like . . better, rather have, prerer, 
choose [esim. hmiuaiain mimiuammin mini- 
B9n I would rather have a blue one. I 
would like the blue one better, the blue 
one would be my choice; haiumiMin mim- 
Uatmmin piettSM kmmdni maaila kmn km- 
ptmgiaam I would rather spend my summer 
in the country than in the city, I would like 
(1. prerer) to spend my summer in the coun- 
try rather than in the city] ; ^ mlcfanmmln 
desire . . most, like . . beiit, prerer, choose; 
'^ fhdM Makin like (1. Wish 1. desire 1. 
be eager 1. be anxious) to do a th.; aikaa 
take a liking (1. a rancy) to, get 



a desire (1. a longing) ror, begin to long 
ror; mik9 kmkmmn Mm ko mttmm is there no 
one willing (1. who would like) to try? 



haluton 



— 70 — 



hamniMpllidlt 



Mn fkmm niinkuin hahtaa he does as he 
pleases (1. as he has a mind to) ; knkaan mi 
hmlua hmiUa (puhutiavan) omiaia virhmiB' 
iUdn one dislikes to he told of one's er- 
rors; minkM vmin hmiumi oitam Whichever 
you choose to take; mHM Aofaoet* what do 

?ou want? what would you like (1. pre- 
er)? what will you have? 

haluion unwilling, reluctant; disinclined 
[to do a th., tekemftftn ..1, indisposed 
[to . .]; undeslrous [of . .], havlnff no de- 
sire [to . .] ; (v&llnpitftmftton) Indifferent, 
i^athetlc; (vastahakolnen) averse [to . .] ; 
'^ hUMm tmkemUMn unwlUlnsr (1. reluctant 
1. disinclined) to do a th.. (vastahakolnen) 
averse to dolnf a th.; olmn ^ mmmmnUUin 
sitm€ (myOs:) I dislike to go there; oppi- 
Uu 0n '^ M hidmm oppimam the pupU Is 
indifferent and slow to learn. 

haiuttaa (persoonaton) like, choose, please; 
iM/atfoaJbo ainum taUa (I, ainwm tmmmrnn ) 
mukaan would you like (1. do you care) 
to come with us? tnimm hmluHaiai [Jkoirfn] 
nMhda I Should [very much] like to see; 
MMe fhda, nUhkain sinaa ^ you may do 
as you choose (1. please), you may suit 
(1. please) yourself, (myOs:) have It your 
own way. 

halutiomasti unwillingly, reluctantly; with 
a bad grace, haluttomuut disinclination, 
unwillingness; indisposition; (vastenmle- 
lisyys) dislike, aversion; reluctance; (v&- 
llnpitamittdmyys) apathy, indifference. 

haluttu wanted, desired; sought after (1. 
for); hmtunum tavmrma goods In great (1. 
good) demand, goods that have a good (1. 
a steady) demand for; hyvin haluttum in 
great (1. good) demand. 

halvaantua, halvaantuminen ks. halvautua, 
lialvautuiiiln«ii. 

halvata paralyze, palsy; halvattu paralyzed, 
paralytic; apoplectic. 

halvaut paralysis, palsy; (etenkln aivohal- 
vaus) apoplexy; (halvauskohtaus) fit of 
i«>opiezy, stroke (of paralysis); h^pauh' 
mmn mamtt Stricken with paralysis, pal- 
sied, ^oplectlC; vrt. •ivo'*', sydKn^. 
-kohtaus stroke of paralysis; apoplectic 
fit (1. stroke). 

halvauttaa « hidvata. halvautua get para- 
lyzed, be(come) stricken with paralysis 
(1. apoplexy); halvantunut paralyzed, apo- 
plectic; MPfMfi puoH mami»ta halvaata" 
fMMM paralyzed on one side, with half (of) 
one's body paralyzed, halvautuminen par- 
alyzing; paralysis. 

haivektla despise, contemn; (ylenkatsoa) 
scorn, spurn [the advice of friends. ystA- 
vien neuvoa], disdain; (pit&& vfthftpfttOise- 
na 1. huonossa arvossa) slight, make light 
of, belittle; AafMJbW«fi(myos:) contemptu- 
ously, scornfully; kalvkaUn k^hdMm jo- 
takatm treat one contemptuously, spurn 
one. halvektiM despiser, disdalner; (eritt. 
uskonnon) scoffer [at ..],scomer [of..]. 
halvektimlnen despising, contemning jne.; 
vrt. halvttkBia; contempt, scorn, disdain; 
avalllnen) derision; (huonossa arvossa 
plto) disrespect; dkaudan halvk»imiB€B' 
ta for contempt of court, halvektlttava 
contemptible, despicable, halvektittavatti 
contemptibly, despicably, halvektittavuut 
contemptlbleness. despicableness. haivek- 
tiva(inen) scornful, contemptuous; hoi- 
pmkmhHi kymy hwmiittaan (with) a sneer on 
one's lips, one's lips curled in scorn; Aof- 
pmkMivaUm€)tta kymytia with a smile Of 
contempt (1. derision). halvektiva(ite)«tl 
scornfully, contemptuously, with con- 
tempt (1. scorn). 

halvektua despise, look down upon; think 



(1. make) light of. hold cheap, disparage, 
belittle; vrt. halv«ksla. halvektumlnen 
despising; disparaging; vrt.halv«kslBiin«n. 

halvemmuut the lower price; (huonom- 
muus) mferlorlty. 

halvennua slight(Ing), detraction; dispar- 
agement; (hintojen y. m.) reduction. 

halventaa cheapen; (vihentAA arvoa) de- 
tract from« be derogatory to, disparage, 
belittle [one in the eyes of people, Jota- 
kuta Ihmlsten sllmissft]; (vahingolttaa) 
impair, injure [a p.'s reputation, Jonkun 
mainetu]; (alentaa) lower, (moraaJlsesti) 
degrade; ^ kinioja reduce (1. lower) the 
prices; '^ Jonkun mainmttm (myOS:) cast 
a reflection upon a p.. defame one; '^ 
Jonkin mnmrkUytn belittle (1. dln>arage) a 
th. halventamlnen detraction; disparage- 
ment; (hintojen) reduction; funkun kmm- 
kii»n mainmmn kalpmniaminmn defamation 
Of a p. halvenuva(inen) disparaging, 
slighting, derogatory; (jonkun) tmminmttm 
kalv9nimv€i injurious to one's reputation, 
defamatory. halvenUva(iss)ttl di^arag- 
ingly, slightingly, derogatorily; pakwm 
ktipmntavaiis€)€H iosteUn [#M<«tete] 
speak slightingly (I. disparagingly 1. in 
terms of disparagement) atx>ut (I. of) ... 

halventua — balvsta. halventomlnen ks. bal- 

E»n«min«n. alentuminm. halveia Cheapen, 
ecome cheap(er); (arvossa) depreciate 
(in value), (hlnnassa) fall m price: •imm- 
k0 niin kmipmimai MOmiMsMMi have I gone 
down so in your eyes (L in your opinion)? 
have I lost favor with you so [that . .] ? 
kinnai kmipmnmvmt the prices are falling (1. 
dropping 1. going down); vknMnkimtm 
kalpmnm9 (laskee) there is a drop m wheat. 

hama: kmmaan kaimmnfn Ju nrntiMmUmm 
polvn (raam.) unto the third and fourth 
generation; kamaan tUkMn piUvMMn (run.) 
unto this day; kamoMta tapMuadmttmimm) 
ever since ms [her] childhood days. 

hamara: kirvn <« head (1. poll) of an ax, 
ax-head; vitamn ^ back of aknife(-blade). 

hama (dress- )sklrt; (raam.) garment; 
(mum. room.) tunic; (naistenpuku) gown, 
(one-piece) dress; vrt. alus^. 

hamaonilhelma 1. ^iava hem (of a skirt), 
-riputtin skirt- (1. dres8-)hanger. -laako 
dress -pocket. 

hameinan (yhd.) .. in (1. with) .. skirts 
leslm. lyhyt-^ ta (1. with) short skirts}. 

hameOkangat dress-goods; skirting, -vikl 
(Jkpv.) hens, skirts. 

hammat tooth [plur. kmmpmat teeth] ; (rat- 
taassa) cog; (pyk&lft, lovi) jag, dent; kmtm- 
mamfn kiriatya (raam.) gnashing of teeth; 
kampaan iuuri prong (1. root) Of a tOOth; 
kampuidmn aaanti (L pukkmmminmn) teeth- 
ing; ajan -» the wear and tear (1. the rav- 
ages) of time, (Joskus:)the tooth of time; 
OR joku nd€h€n kmmpai—u is on everyone's 
tongue (1. lips), is the talk of the town; 
piippu kmmpaUum With a pipe between his 
teeth. 

hammas- (yhd.) tooth- [eslm. -kmria tooth- 
brush; -M^j^tf tooth-plane; -i«iA«fma tooth- 
powder] ; (harvemmin:) dental [eslm. -/m- 
h€lma dental powder; -kmava dental formu- 
la], -ajoa gum-boll; (li&k.) alveolar ab- 
scess, -flatall fistula of the gums, -klilla 
enamel (of the teeth), -kitil (dental) ce- 
ment, -kivl tartar, -kuoppa tooth-socket, 
alveolus, -laitainan (kasv.) dentate(d). 
-luu dentine, -iiika toothache medicine, 
-liiketlada dentistry, dental surgery. 
-liikiri dentist; krnnmawlWMiHn mnmMtH 
dentist's profession, dentistry. -Hlklrl- 
tutkinto dentist's examtaatlon. nnia 
decay (of the teeth), -plhtfli (dental) for- 



rnnaspuikko 



caps, -puikko -> hanmiMtikku. -pydri » 
huuMsrataa. -rafta corway, rack-railway. 
HF«iaa ffear-wbeel; g-ear; cog-wheeL -rivi 
row or teetb. -rohdot tincture (1. memcine) 
for tootbacbe. tootbactie medicine (1. drops). 

h a wm a at a a tootb; (ln)dent» cog; (kuv.) 
bicker, quarrel, (n&ykkl&) nag, worry, 
vn. hamuoMmUUau 

b—imaiiffadaa cement (Investing tbe root 
and neck of a tootb). -tanko geared rod. 
-Uuiti tootbacbe; hmmmagtmadit diseases of 
tbe tootb. 

bamin— talija nagr8rer;tease(r).bector. hanv- 
■MMt«lla bandy words, bicker: (niykkift, 
klusata) nag-, tease, bector. hammaatelu 
bickering; nag(glng). 

iMMiaaltikka tootbplck. -4iyio ruling (ror 
a tootb). -valaa tootbed wbale. -veal tootb - 
wasb. dentimce. -ydin pulp. -Ainne (klel.) 
dentaL 

hampaalllnan tootbed; (tekn.) Indented. 

kaoipMiiUolo cavity (1. bole) in one's 
tootb; mumMm mn Joiakin hamp«mnkolo9ma 
ktmiM pmatamn I bave an old score to settle 
wltb blm; panmt (\. pi&tdn) amn hamptum- 
tmimom (kuv.) Til keep (I. bear) tbat In 
mind, I'm going to pocket It. -lAhtd shed- 
ding or tne teetb. -otto extracting or 
teetb« extraction; (tav.) pulling (or) teetb. 
-pakoiua 1. -airky tootbacbe. -puhkaami- 
iian cutting or tbe teeth, teething, -tari 
crown (or a tootb). -tlyta ruung (In a 
tootb). -vato «> IftunpMnotto. 

toothless; (elftint.) edentate (d). 
tootblessness. 

I (ybd.) ..-toothed [eslm. vUai'^ 

rive -toothed] ; vrt. harva^, taaja^ y. m. 

haaiippy hemp; mka hamnpua (lelk.) like a 
streak, (Jkpv.) at a (pretty) good lick. 

haMppu- (ybd.) hemp- lesim. -ImMku 
bemp-brake; -9ily hemp-oil]; (hamppui- 
nen) hempen [eslm. 'kangas hempen cloth; 
•M^ hempen rope; -imera hempen cord]. 

iMBippuifian hempen. 

liMippulvarpuiian (elilnt.) gray linnet, 
gorse- linnet. -41 Jy (myOs:) hemp -seed oil. 

liMipttnlaiannan hemp -seed, -viljalya rais- 
ing (I. cultivation) or hemp. 

Nampvrl Hamburg. 

liMiiillla, hamuu sni^ [at. Jotakin] ; (hapull- 
la) grope [arter. Jotakin], rumble [ror . .]. 

-Han, -Mn: MbiMbi on iboffa why, that rel- 
tow (1. be) is crazy! he Is crazy, don't 
you know! hhmn ginM 9ait(, •ikS nUn) 
you've been served already, haven't you? 

t\-:' - * "^r^v* .:n<, oai kidnka) yOU 
ijAVL' ijiiu'' \.i, iii,i^>;irt y%ju 1 onkohan hati 
katnna Or he home, I wonder? I wemder If 
he 13 home? toftflWn tinM maksanf, mika 
miin) you will comi; wttn us. woiri you? 
liwta^A ci al# iwiktfa oppia Why (Lcome), 
trui's rit>t bard to k-^am! aiahUn nyt you 
dnn'i ftty (so)! 

hafta ivestjobdon y. m.) faucet; (pyssyn) 
hMiimor^ €0<:li; (lynnyrln y, m,) lap 

tttnakaati stout b% stiirb'^ riirLCliy, atuli- 
twmJy; (liinoKKaa^lU efLg-eriy, ardently, 
hotly; earnestly, htnakka «itoiit, sl\fT; 
nftd, 5tDfclJ<>m; (vakavaj enrn*?st,' (Inno- 
i(a*> *airer. anient hariahkuuA stoutness, 
Miffnes*, stulJliomritai*; eame-^^iness; ea- 
iTftmesii ar<lor, seal; vrt, baiiakltA. 

hiAailin«n . . wltb a fan ret (t^ilAUhGiX) . ha- 
n«(4Mi wtiumit a (1. having no) raucel; 
hamiJiefJe*9 [^un, j>y^jjy]. 

hangmtm rub. char«, gall; (raaptft) 5crspe: 
grate; — kirhkaakti bhghten, polish, mb 
tn^, Tm^ft^iAkti y. mj burnish, (velt^lfl» 
liaarukolU y. m.) scour ^ ^ po|« (kumiiia) 
— rikki (calm, talc La Kyynirpftfl) 



— 77 — hankkia 

rub (1. scrub) through, (Ihosta:) gall; -^ 
vastaan (olla vastahakolnen) be rerractory, 
be unruly, make resistance, set up (a) re- 
sistance to . . , oppose. 

hangaton . . without oarlocks. 

hangonmuotolnan rorked, rurcate. 

hangoiolla: ^ vaattum struggle against, 
make resistance, (olla upplnlskainen) be 
unruly, be disobedient, be stubborn, be 
rerractory. 

hanhan- (ybd.) . . or a goose, goose- [eslm. 
•ma*Mt liver or a goose, goose-liver; -ma- 
#M Qgg or a goose, goose-egg; -lui/Uto skin 
or a goose, goose-skin], -kaula (elftint.) 
barnacle, -kuiku = ImnhanmaraaL -kyni 
(goose-) quill, quill-pen. -maraal Indian 
(1. single) rile; HmnffnmarggimBu kS. parft- 
katta(a). -paiati roast goose, -poika(nan) 
gosling, -aulka goose-qulll. 

hanhl goose [plur. geese] . -lauma nock or 
geese. 

hanka (veneen-) oarlock, rowlock, thole 
(-pin); yhta hanktui (kuv.) together, ks. 
v#tlUL 

hankaama rrictlon, abrasion, hankaaminan 
rubbing, charing; vrt.vaataanhaiikaamlnan. 

hankain 1. shave, scraper; 2 — haaka. 

hankalnen (yhd.) . . with . . palr(s) or oar- 
locks [eslm. kakH'^ with two pair(s) or 
oarlocks] . 

hankaia (epftmukava) uncomrortable; (so- 
pimaton) inconvenient; (vaikea) hard, 
dirricult; (tukala) embarrassing, trouble- 
some; '^ kUmitmUa unhandy, cumbersome, 
awkward (thing to handle), clumsy, han- 
kalasti uncomrortably, inconveniently; 
with dirriculty. hankaiuus discomfort. 
Inconvenience: dirriculty, trouble, embar- 
rassment; (kftsltellessft) cumbersomeness, 
awkwardness; kankalwmtta tnottava em- 
barrassing, annoying, hankaluuttaa ham- 
pf^r rthc pr^-r--^-^ pdt^tysta]. Impede: 
rTtakii {]. roiidcr) .. rjiort} dlfflcuJl (L Ux- 
convenicr>tK vrt. vatkeuttna, 

hanka(purja)tuull: purimhiia hankatuaU€^t 
f\. hankatuatta} sail by the WlTld, 

hafikauma thar^d place (L spot), abrasion; 
( haava) p-all. 

hanlt&UB rnt3<IHnfr>: ikUka) rrjrtion <myfi=i 
kijv.h vn. hADkaaraiD«D^ -pyOFl frlrttan- 
whf?el -aihua crya.) frlclJonal (I. static) 
fflerirlclty, 

hanKaulua fbe) rub (bed), (be) chsre(L3>, 
(be> fret (ted J: grate; (pois 1. rlkkl) luh 
il. wear) out by friction ; — otriiU (lUo) 
be(f.'ome) Railed. ga)l, 

hankavltaa witne (around a tboie). 

tianke (vulmistus) preparation, preliminary 
(tav. pltirJ: (vanistus) equipment; lalej 
Intention, intent: Uuuma} deslp:n. plan: 
(yrUyS) unflertaXlnpr; fmnhkKitMa ollut 
nwttka (alottu) Ifte trip intended U, 
pTanni^f!), the projected expedition: /on- 
ktifi kmnkkt!€sta at ttie Ini^tlpratlon or fmr: 
o/Jd haftbk^ittsa fl. hufnkktitMQ } tHht^a 
prf'jmr^ l'.> Ki>. ^'^t TPriMy tn U'^riVh'. JiNikf^ 
preparations fur depariuiu, olla taydeMMU 
hankke999a be busy getting ready (1. mak- 
ing preparations) [ror . .] ; poAof harUdft 
bad intentions, evil designs. 

hanki 1. crust, hardened surrace or snow; 
2. (kinos) (snow-)drirt; '- kannattaa the 
surrace or the snow is (rrozen) hard 
enough to bear one up (1. to bear a p.'s 
weight), hankialnen — hanki, 1. 

hanki nta procuring, getting, acquiring; ac- 
quisition; gaining, earning; (kaupp.) de- 
livery; moan ^ acquiring (I. acquisition) 
or land, -aopimus contract. 

hankkia get, procure; (tolmlttaa, varustaa) 
provide (1. supply 1. rumlsh) [a p. with. 



Iiaiikkija 



78 — 



haravoimliMfi 



JolMnille Jotakln]; purvey; (kaupp.) de- 
liver; (— itselleen) acquire [property, 
omaisuutta] , grain [a p.'s favor, Jonkun 
suoslo], win; (ansalta) earn; make [one*s 
living by . . , elatuksensa Jollakin] ; (saa- 
da, saada hankituksi) ol)tain, secure [a 
pardon for one, armahdus Jollekulle] ; at- 
tain; (hommata, noutaa) bring, fetch; 
(valmlstautua) gret (1. make) ready, pre- 
pare [for ..]; (olla aikeissa) intend, plan; 
'^ mpua find (1. secure) help; '^ ffs«lf««n 
obtain (o.s.)* secure [a good place (1. po- 
sition), byva toimi], procure (for o.s.). 
acquire (1. attain) [knowledge, tietoja], 
make [friends, ystAvift; enemies, vibolli- 
sla], (varustaa itsensA jollakin) provide 
(1. supply 1. furnish) o.s. with, get [an 
income, tuloja], (leikiU.) invest in [a 
new hat, uusi hattu]; «« lupm (viralllnen) 
secure a permit, procure (l. obtain) per- 
mission [to .., johonkinl, procure a li- 
cense; <« lahiM prepare (I. make prepara- 
tions) for departure, get ready to leave; 
'^ iUSkHH get (1. call 1. go after) a doctor; 
^ matkattm ks. hankldutiui: '^ raham 
(myOs:) raise money; «« ruokaomrola 
[matkaa varten] provide food (1. secure 
provisions) [for the trip]; '^ BOlm va- 
rmlim (I. MiltU vuralta) provide for that 
purpose; ^ BiviMtyMtH obtain (I. secure 1. 
acquire 1. get) an education; -» anohu 
jolimktMiU furnish shelter to (1. for) one, 
furnish (1. provide) one shelter; -^ tuluma 
(vankilasta pA&syft varten) furnish ball; 
'^ timtoia hU^ktJU supply (I. furnish) 
one with information; -» timtofa io9tmkin 
obtain (1. secure) information about ath.; 
'^ vahpiatuBta jdUkin (esim. uutiselle) 
secure (1. obtain) confirmation of [a re- 
port], obtain an approval (1. a sanction) 
for . .; '-' MToctoon (my6s:) store up (I. 
away), hold in reserve; hmnkhii aadetta it 
is getting ready to rain, a rain is brew- 
ing, a storm is gathering; iibnU tumkki 
hanmttm kaihkimn kwmioitnk9mn (voittt) 
this won him the esteem of everybody. 

hankkfJa one who provides (1. furnishes 1. 
supplies 1. obtains h secures jne., vrt. 
hankkia); (urakalla-) contractor; (eten- 
kin: ruokavarojen) purveyor, caterer. 

hankkllut (mlekan) sword-belt, belt. 

lumkkiminan =* hankinta; mmtkalU '^ ks. 
hankkiutuminen; timdan '^ acquisition of 
knowledge. 

Iiankklutua prepare (o.s.) [for ..], make 
preparations [for . .], get (1. make) ready, 
put o.s. in readiness; hankhindnhan mn- 
kaan get ready to come (1. go) with us; 
'^ matkaiU prepare (1. make preparations) 
for a Journey, get ready for a trip, (al- 
koa) plan (I. intend to make) a trip, hank* 
kiutumlnan preparatlon(s) ; maikalU hank- 
kiutnminmn preparations (1. getting ready) 
for the Journey. 

hanko fork; (helnfl-) pitchfork; vrt. hei- 

Hanna Hannah. 

Hannover Hanover. 

Hannu John, Johnnie. 

hansalliitto (hist.) the Hanseatlc League, 
the Hanse. -kaupunki Hanse town. 

hanalkat, hanaikka glove. 

hanaikkaBkoukku glove -buttoner, glove- 
hook, -nahka leather for gloves, (pehmett) 
kid (leather), -tahdaa glove -factory. 

hanufl accordion; concertina. 

hapahko somewhat sour, sourish; (jkpv.) 
turning; (tlet.) acidulous. 

hapan sour; (kem.) acid; ^ auoim (kem.) 
oxysalt; tu^pamen nUkSinmn SOur- looking 
(I. -vlsaged), sullen, surly, morose; qila 



kmMmmmn 

surly 1. n 



« look sullan (1. sour 1. 
morose), be sullen (1. knorose). 
have a sour face. -imalA sour-sweet. 
-kaall sauerkraut. -lalpA leavened bread. 

hapannat turned, sour(ed). hapannuttaa 
ks. hapattaa. 

hapan Rtuola salt of lemon (s), acid salt of 
sorrel; (kem.) acid potassium oxalate, 
-taikina leaven. 

hapantua, hapantunut ks. hapata, kasaaant. 

haparoida grope [after (1. for) . .] ; feel 
one's way [in the dark, pimeftssij; (ha- 
puilla) fumble [for ... jotakln] ; hmparoi' 
dmn, kmpm^imMm (myos:) gropingly, fum- 
blinglv; vrt. fcapuUla. haparoimlnan grop- 
ing, fumbling, haparoiva groping, fum- 
bling; vrt. kamtUava. 

hapata cprees. j^pimmmhJ turn (1. become 1. 

S) sour, turn, sour; hmpatmai ks. hakus. 
aitaa sour; leaven [the dough, talkl- 
. hapaUaminan souring, leavening. Ha- 
paiua 1. — fcapattamlnan; 2. (raam. ii 
kuv.) leaven. 

hapanpltoinan containing oxygen, oxygenic. 

hapara ks. kauras. 

hapaton free of oxygen. 

hapattaa (kem.) oxidize. hapaUaminan oxi- 
dation, hapatiua become oxidized, oxidize, 
hapattumlnan oxidation. 

hapaka (kem.) . .-ous acid [esim. mnmtdkM'*' 
arsen(i)ou8 acid; rikki^^ sulphurous acid]. 

happamaton, happanamaton unleavene 1 
[bread, lelpiL]. happamuut sourness; acid- 
ity, happanaminan turning (sour), souring. 

happauma (kem.) oxide, happouttaa, hap- 
pautua ks. hapattaa, kapattua. 

happi (kem.) oxygen, -kaaau oxygen (gas), 
-rikat rich in oxygen, -yhdittya 1. -yhty- 
mi compound of oxygen. 

happo acid; kmppom aynnyHttoM (tiet.) acl- 
diric. happoinan containmg acid, acldlfer- 
ous; (hiukan) acidulous. 

happomarja (kasv.) barberry, -pantat bar- 
berry-bush. 

hapaankakkialnan (elftint.)^ cerambycid 
(beetle). 

hapai hair; (tav.) hmpami halr(s); Kmvmmmi 
kmpM0t gray hair(s). -Juuri (kasv.) rhlzold. 

hapainan (yhd.) . . -haired [esim. h^mm'^ 
silver-haired]. 

hapuliaminan ks. kapoUu. hapullava grop- 
ing, fumbling; hmpniUvu katam bewildered 
(1. undecided) look, look of indecision. 

hapullla grope; fumble [for .., Jotakln; 
over the keys, nftppflimissft] ; (tunnustella) 
feel; '^ ka»itUUn feel around with one*s 
hands, grope, fumble; <« ac^M grope (1. 
fumble) for the door; ^ aono/a grope (1. 
fumble) after words, fumble after the 
right word, hesitate for a word, be at a 
loss for a word (1. for words), hapuilu 
groping, fumbling. 

hara (karhl) harrow; (harkki) drag, grap- 
nel; aormae kmrmttmmn with one's fingers 
spread out, with the fingers spread wide 
apart. 

haraaminan harrowing; (naaraamlnen) 
draggmg. 

harakanlpaai magpie's nest, -varpaat (lei- 
kill.) hen-tracks; a m mtk m aalvMa kmrmhmm^ 
vdrpaimiaMd can you decipher my hiero- 
glyphics? 

harakka magpie. 

haraRraiain astride, astraddle. •^Imlinan 
(kiero-) squmt-eyed, squinting. 

harata harrow; (naarata) drag [for, jota- 
kln] ; '^ vmatman (kuv.) put O.S. in the way 
of . . , be a drag (1. an impediment) on a 
th. haraut harrowing; dragging. 

harava rake, haravoida rake, haravaiminan 
raklQg. 



— 7« — 



iMPjOiUA 




(ylRL) mU- [esiin. -Jb«ttte mlstbrow; 
w misconception, misunderslancUng; 
mlscalcuUtlon], wron«r, false, er- 
js [esim. -•ppi raise (1. erroneous) 
docMne; -«• wronr track]; vrt. vSXris-. 
ai«fl»ne hallucination. 
harliMm (eksykaiin) astray, (vUrftAn) wronp, 
amiss; [melkein alna verbien yhteydessft, 
kS. esim. ampua, astua, iakail, Johtaa, 
jmrtm]. -JoMettu led astray, misled, mis- 
guided. -Johtawa misleading, delusive; de- 
ceptive [theory, teoria]. -Johtunut mis- 
directed, misapplied, -wlepi » 



kel false step, misstep, slip; (kuv.) 
fault, lapse, mistake; mtt€M harhm-oBhrni 
(knT.) take a false step, make a false move 
(L a mlsmove). 



MrtwHemioea straying, wandering (about) 
Joe., kfl. harhailla. haptMUIefa straying, 
wandering (out of the way), roving; er- 
rant [fancy, mielikuvitus] ; harhaiUva 
haitm wandering (1. roving 1. aimless) 
look, harliailija aimless wanderer, rover; 
vrt. knljakaiia. 

haHisllIn stray, wander (about); (huvik- 
seeo) Tov^ roam; "* 9hsykMiM*ii wander (I. 
go) out of the way, be straying, be wan- 
dering, be lost; <« Otmrn paSmaSrSM wan- 
der aimlessly, rove, roam; '^ mmtmSaMa 
wander (1. roam) about (1. stroll in) the 
woods, (kulkea eksykslssft) be lost in the 
woods; '^ jmpMri kS. kuljaakalla: aSatuk" 
Bmni hmrkmBmvmt mnm9 tMnn9 my thoughts 
wander (here and there), my thoughts 
stray (L keep straying). 

iMFhajlafcy misdirected blow; miss, -kuva 
distorted picture; vrt. seur. -kuviuima 
imislon. delusion; phantom, -kisltys 
(myta:) mistaken idea, wrong notion (1. 
Impression); fallacy, -laukaua miss; (va- 
hlngoQ-) accidentaF shot, -luulo erroneous 
belief, wrong idea; (-kuvitelma) illusion, 
delusion; (eksymys) error, mistake, -niky 
(optical) illusion; (sielut.) hallucination. 
-«Mi (usk.) heresy, -opplnen I. (a.) her- 
etlc(al). heterodox, n. (s.) heretic, -oppi- 
•MM neresy, heterodoxy. H>te (urn.) 
wrong bold, -poiku 1. ^le wrong way (1. 
road), (kuv.) path of error, wrong track 
(L path); [JOhtaa] hmrhmt^aim [lead] 
astray, vrt. Jootva. -piitelmi (log.) fal- 
lacy. -«ako false (1. erroneous) belief (1. 
opinion), misbelief; (harhaoppl) heresy; 
vrt. kariuJmda. -uskolnen I. (a.) heretical. 
IL (s.) heretic. 

harlMMrtiia lose o.s.; (kuv.) be led off [Into 
doing a th., tekemiAn Jotakln]; be led 
astray; be misled; harhmutvmut . . gone 
astray (L wrong). 

hafltlaa: ^ mham set a saw. haritus (sa- 
han) setting. 

haria (katon, vuoren y. m.) ridge, (hulppu) 
top; (terivi) edge; (llnnun, aallon y. m.) 
crest, comb; (hevosen y. m.) mane; (vaa- 
te- y. m.) brush; mnmrim ^ cap of a wall, 
eopnv: fanuUn harUMm (ream.) on a 
pmnacle of the temple. harJaaJa bnisher; 
(hotellelssa:) porter, (Engl.) boots; vrt. 
kaadbbarjaaja. harjaamaton unbrushed; 
(klulottamaton) unpolished, harjaamlnen 
brushing. 

harjaannui practice; exercise, harjaantua 
become trained (L experienced); get ex- 

Krience (1. practice) [in .., Johonkin], 
re exercise (1. practice) [in . .] ; (tottua) 
get (1. become) used (1. accustomed) to . . , 
get into the habit [of doing a th., tekemllftn 
Jotakln] : (pppia) become versed (1. profi- 
cient [In..]; hmrimmnivm kMyitamMn be- 
I proficient (l. skil(i)ful 1. adept) in the 



use of [tools, tyOkalaja], become versed in 
[a language, Jotakm kieltft]. harjaantumi^ 
ton untrained, inexperienced, unskilled; un- 
accustomed, harjaantunut trained [hand, 
kftsi; eye, silmA; voice, ftftnil, practised [in 
a th., Johonkin], (well-) drilled; (kokenut) 
experienced; (tottunut) accustomed [to . . , 
Johonkin]; (taitava) skilled, skll(l)ful, 
(well-) versed [in a language, kftytt&m&ftn 
Jotakln kieltft]; harMmntwmmmUa Md^itS 
With a trained hand; harimantanmmt iaukot 
(trained and) disciplined troops; karimm- 
twmi rmiMotUim Skilful (1. trained) rider. 

harJalhaltta (kanallnnuilla) comb, crest. 
-hlpti (rak.) ridge-pole. 

harJakalMip harjalaei treat at a raising; 
(kaupan pftfttyttyft) treat after closing a 
deal, treat to nind a bargaih. 

harJakaei ks. harjas. harjakslnen bristly; 
(yhd.) . . with . . bristles [esim. kankma- 
harhduinmn With Stiff bristles]. 

harjaliatu (elftint.) cartnate (1. keeled) 
breast-bone. -Ilntu (elftint.) hoopoe. 

harjaliinen provided with (1. having) a ridge 
(1. crest 1. top); crested; harlalUMmt « 
harjakalaat. 

harJanne ridge; (geol., myOs:) hogback. 

harjanlnostajalaei treat at a raising, ^tekf- 
JA brush-maker. 

harjalorsi roof -truss. -pU: harhpaaUd af*- 
vm (kukkuralnen) heaped (up), brimful. 

harjaa bristle; (tav.) hmriakMmt bristles; vrt. 



hapjata brush; ^ poia tmnu brush off the 
dust. 

harJalteMaa brush factory, -teoiilsuus 
brush industry. 

harjaue brushing. 

harjaiitua ■> harjaantua. 

harjotaila practise [on the piano, soltta- 
maan pianoa], exercise (o.s.), take exer- 
cise; train o.s. [In . . , Jotakln], drill (o.s.); 
(opetella) be learning; (esiintymlstft var- 
ten) rehearse; '*' Jossakin ammceiMa be 
learning a trade, be beginning (1. be mak- 
ing a start) in a profession; "* ampamoon 
practise shooting, practise with the rifle; 
'^ UrhimBta (L UrJoHmmaan) practise 

genmanshlp; "* mMytmfmaa practise (l. re- 
earse) a play, be practising (1. rehears - 
mg): -^ oftttfBfo t>f» rehearsing (1. drilling) 
rvTi*!'s part; — mmaan train q,s. In swim- 
ming-, (bei leamdnir) to isuim; ibar/o#fal«. 
mat fa (inv5s:)by praetloe; wtmmimhmt har- 
tott^iivat the s^>lclje^E^ Irainpil (1. drilled). 

fiai'JMelma {tal^ > litudy; skPlf^El. 

harjottaa practise t cruelty, juimuutta], ex- 
ercise [frufriiUly, s/iflstSivliisyyttft] ; pur- 
sue; carry on [farming-, inaanviljelystft; 
HR^ltalJon. aitrltaisioniaL rnmfsnrt [business. 
IHkoUEi] ; UelidA) commtt [unlawful acts, 
iffliitomyukaia]. pen'^trat^ [cruelties (1. 
ouiraf^e.'^, Julmuyksia}, do itmsiness. lli- 
keitilj ; uso ^violence, vakivaitaa]; (har- 
Jaanniittaa Johonkin) troln^ {lull; (julklsta 
e^Hnt>inlsta varlen) rcthoarse; hmrhta 
iHrkfUai exercise your ruaaoii; use your 
rc'inmon sense: ~ Jotakln nmmaitia car- 
ry on (i. pursue 1. r;.::>j,;y a irade; -^ Jo- 
takln ammaitinamn carry on . . as a pro- 
fession (1. a trade), make a business of . .; 
'^ hoMtrautta fornicate, (Julklsta) practise 
prostitution; ^ ilkaytta be up to mean 
tricks (1. to mischief) ; «« ttkivdtaa (\. Ufa*. 
vaitaiawmkaia) do mischief, commit outrages ; 
'^ hdmuutta iatakuta kohtaan practise 
cruelties toward one; '^ kauppaa jollakin 
trade (1. deal in) ..; "» kiriatyata practice 
extortion, (uhkausklrjelden avulla) black- 
mail; '^ Jotakuta kirlottamaan train (l. 
drill) one In writing; '-' J^alfcoAaoppaa ped- 



harJotUJa 



— 80 — 



harmittua 



die; '«' imtdwm practise a spnp, drill (In) 
a song, (opeteua) be learning (I. drill) 
on a song; '^ Jotakin IHkmttii carry on 
(1. be in) a business; "* mmanvUiwlytM 
(myOs:) farm, be a farmer; "* mlMtmlttd' 
•wmtta be arbitrary, act arbitrarily; '^ 
opini^im pursue (1. carry on) one's studies 
[at a university, Jossakln ylloplstossa] , 
study, (Engl.) read [huom. HMn harh*H 
opint^fm l€AiHmt9mssM he pursued tbe Study 
or (1. was studsrlng) law, he read law] ; «<* 
matamimhid drill (1. train 1. exercise) the sol- 
diers; "» tmidmttm be an artist, (qplskelutar- 
kotuksella) pursue art; "* vaaiioik^nttman 
exercise one^s elective franchise; "* vUk^ 
hmuHm practise cunning (1. deceit). make use 
of a crafty device; ^ vlmramiwmrtdauutta 
Show hospitality, be hospitable; *^ vilppiM 
practise cheating, cheat; "* pakivmitatt com- 
mix an outrage (1. outrages), use violence 
[against one, Jotakuta vastaan], do violence 
[to . .] ; kaka tUmUn kappal—n on Uillm 
harhtuumt who has drilled you In this 
play? who drilled the play? 

harjottaja practlser; vrt. ammatiii^, lUk- 
ksso''^. harjoitamatofi unpractised; un- 
exercised, untrained. undrlUed: green, 
raw [recruit, rekryyttl] ; hariottamaitomai 
ioukot (myOs:) undisciplined troops, har- 
Jottamlnan practice, exercise: (harjaan- 
nuttamlnen) training, drill (ing). harjoua- 
va practising, exercising; tdnumn harht- 
tmva lakimimM [iMSMMH y. m.] practising 
lawyer [physician etc.], practitioner. 

harjottetamlnan practising, exercising. drill- 
ing; vrt. harJoteUa. harjotulija one learn- 
ing a trade (1. profession); (rautatlellft) 
young man learning the railroad business, 
depot agent's assistant; (oppipolka) ap- 
prentice; (alottelija) beginner, learner. 
hapjottelu practice; training; drilling. 

harJotua practice, exercise; training; (ase-) 
drill; (nlytelmftn) rehearsal; Aar^eaJk«•e 
(sotavften) drill, training, field -practice, 
(manMverl) maneuver, manoeuvre, (nfty- 
telmftn) rehearsal. 

harjoiut- (yhd.) training- [eslm. -laiva 
training-ship; '49M training-camp]; (Jos- 
kus:) practice-, -alka period for drilling (1. 
of training), time for gaining experience; 
time (set) for practice; (opplalka) ap- 
prenticeship, -aeimerkkl example; exercise. 
-kappala (mus.) exercise, -kenta (sot.) 
drilling - ground (s), parade -ground; instruc- 
tion-camp. -UhtivA exercise. 

harju ridge; (geol.) hogback, (kapea, hlek- 
ka-) esker, eskar: vrt. harjanns. 

harJua (kaialaji) (European) grayling. 

harkinta deliberation, consideration; reflec- 
tion, -alka ks. mlattlinlMaka. 

harklta deliberate: consider; (punnita) pon- 
der [upon (1. over)], weigh (In one's 
mind); (tuumla) think over, reflect upon, 
(tarkoin) study; (suunnltella) think out, 
devise; (arvata, laskea) calculate, estimate, 
reckon; (huomata) find; vrt. ajatella; ^ 
Bov9li€dmmahsi trnhdU jotakin find (I. con- 
sider 1. deem) it best (1. most proper) to 
do a th.; *• tmrkmmmin think over, recon- 
sider; '*' mtdmUmmn reconsider; harkittm- 
matta without considering, heedlessly; Aar. 
kitMmmatta tmhty heedless, rash, thought- 
less, hasty; karkittu kS. hakUS.; oMiaa tar- 
kmmmin (I. lUhmmmin harkU9B9ani (up) on 
further reflection. In thinking the matter 
over; (oMiaa) tyystin harkittuani upon ma- 
ture deliberation, after thinking the mat- 
ter well over; olmtko harkinnut Mmumksia 
have you thought of the consequences? 
have yod counted the cost? on harkittava' 



nm Is under advisement (1. consideration), 
is being considered (1. deliberated upon). 

harkiteamaton (ajattelematon) heedless, rash 
[word, Sana] ; (Jota el ole harkittu) unpre- 
meditated [act, teko], not sufficiently de- 
liberated upon; "* tmko rash (1. heedless 
1. impulsive) act. harklttamlnan — har- 
Idata. harklteavadnan) deliberate, delib- 
erative, harkiteavaiauua deliberateness, 
deliberation. 

harkittu (ennakolta) premeditated, deliber- 
ate [act. teko; murder, murha]; (suunni- 
teltu) devised; vrt. huonootl, hyvin. har- 
kltutti in a deliberate manner, with de- 
liberation, deliberately; advisedly, with 
forethought; with premeditation. 

harkkl drag, grapnel. 

harkko bar; (kulta-, hopea-, kupari- y. m.) 
ingot; (rauta-, lyijy- y. m.> pig; vrt. airk- 
ko. -rauta pig iron. 

harmaa gray (kirj. myOs: grey); grixzled, 
grizzly; (vanhuuttaan) hoary; (hevosen 
nlmen&:) gray; <*' karku the grizzly bear; 
'*' mmmoUyyM the hoary (1. gray) past; *^ 
vSri (ominaisuutena) grayness; hmrmami 
hapamt (\. kiwA»mt) gray hair(s). -hapalnan 
1. -hiukalnan gray-haired, gray-(l. hoary-) 
headed, gray (1. hoary) with age. -hyija 
(el&lnt.) gray seal, -klvl igray) granite. 
-lappi (kasv.) speckled (1. hoary) alder. 

harmaan- (yhd.) grayish [eslm. -maikoa 
grayish brown; -ainjnon grayish blue]. 
-kirjava mottled gray; (kankaasta:) pep- 
per-and-salt. 

harmaantua (hiukslsta puhuen:) turn gray: 
(Ihmisistft:) — harmantua. harmaantunut 
ks. karmantunut. 

harmaan DtipllkAa spotted with gray; (he- 
vosesta:) dapple-gray, -voipa grayish; 
(hiukslsta:) grizzly, streaked with gray. 

harmaalparta(lnan) I. (a.) gray-bearded, 
n. (s.) graybeard. -pilkkulnan spotted 
with gray, -pukulnan . . (dressed) in gray, 
-pilnan gray-headed [old man, ukkoj. 
-pit 1. (a.) gray -headed. 11. (s.) gray head. 
-aalva blue (1. mercurial) ointment, ^uk- 
kainan — karmaakapoinan. -vail (hist.) 
gray friar, -volda — karmaasalva. 

harmahtava tinged with gray, grasrish; griz- 
zled, grizzly [beard, parta]. harmaja -° 
karmaa* 

harmantaa make . . gray, (cause . . to) turn 
gray, harmantua, harmata turn (1. get) 
gray, grow hoary, harmantunut, harman- 
nut hoary; isMnm^m p€dvittks9aaa kar- 
mmntnnut turned gray in the service of 
one's country; taitmiuiaaa kmrmmnnni aoia- 
vunkuB hoary veteran. 

harmi displeasure, resentment; indignation; 
(kiusa) annoyance, vexation; (vaiva) trou- 
ble; (suuttumus) anger; karmikH maii 
enough to make one disgusted, until one 
is completely disgusted (1. is out of pa- 
tience); karmillanikin [sen teen] [I'll do 
it] out of (mere) spite; [olla] karmiBaman 
/oafoJUn [be] vexed (1. disgusted 1. indig- 
nant) on account of (1. about 1. over 1. at) a 
th. [huom. olon karmiammni kMnalla I feel (1. 
am) put out with him], harmllllnan pro- 
voking, vexatious, annoying [occurrence, 
tapaus], disgusting; troublesome; (onne- 
ton) unfortunate, unlucky; karmiUinan ta- 
paua (myOs:) a piece (1. a bit) of bad luck. 
a mishap; aapa karmUUata how annoying! 
isn't that provoking! what a nuisance! 
harmillitattl vexatlously, annoylngly; aop^i 
atitttti karmitliaaaii that was an annoying 
thing to happen, harmilllau'ua vexatlous- 
ness; troubiesomeness; vexation, annoy- 
ance, harmittua be (1. feel) vexed (1. an- 
noyed) [with one, Johonkuhun; at a th.. 



— 81 



jostaklnl, be(come) proToked, feel pro- 
voked (I. indignant): feel put out [wltb 
one, jobonkobiin; about a th., Josuuctn]; 
(ktokustoa) get angry. harmiatunaMti in- 
diffnantly, in vexation; as tbougb one were 
Teied. iMrniisiunut indignant, vexed [at 
(L over), jostakin] ; vrt. •uuttuaut. har- 
■Kalla be freUing (1. worrying) [on ac- 
eoont or a tb.» Jonkin takia], rret [about 
atlL, Jotakin], worry [about (1. over) . .]. 
be troubled (L upset 1. disturbed) [over 
% Vl, jotakln] ; (katua) regret. 

fevmlttaa displease, vex, annoy; fill wltb 
indlgnauon; (ir83rttai) provoke; fret, irri- 
tate; (klukuttaa) anger; mimm ^ I feel 
▼exed (with znyaelf) [for having done so, 
ettt teln sen], (klukuttaa) it provokes me 
[to ttunk bow . . , kun ajattelen, miten . .] , 
(kaduttaa) I resent [having been led into 
it. ettt olen Joutonut siiben], (olen pa- 
MHanl) I am sorry [that ..1, I regret 
[that..], harmltlttva - hamiimiien. 

hanMal(uaii) org^an. harmonlkka ks. hanuri. 

^aroa drag; Trt. hamta. 

" ■ wcia a stick up; Jut out. project; (olla 
aikonera) stand out. 

ksfvau take great (1. long) strides, stride; 
ftalk; OunoitA) Jump, sprtng; (loikata) 
Imp, bound; "^ ajiai yii lunge over a ditch; 
§m §t m kmrppmmi ran with long bounds. 

wplkko case of drawing instruments. 

iifrpPMs cpitkft aakel) stride; (hyppftys) 
Jump, sprtngr; (lolkkaus) leap, bound; pie- 

^Ma fcaipiiaMlbifa With long bounds. 

MfMi compass: (pair of) compasses; (pie- 
01) (patr of) dividers, -laatikko 1. -koUio 
case of drswlng instruments, drawing set. 

karppv harp. 

karppvHiia lisrpoon. harppuunolda harpoon. 

Nvpinikiell barp-string. -aoittaja harp- 
player, (vinb.) harper; (ammatti-) harpist. 
ae Ki o playing on a (I. the) harp, playing 

^tbe barp; (Joskus:) harping. 

Wirpsiiiii ks. harppnuna. 

karraa devoted [Christian, kristitty; friend, 
ysttvt], devout; affectionate: (lAnmiin) 
warm (interest, mielenkiintoj, intimate 
[rnendahlp, ysttvyys]; (kiihkea, innokas) 
ardent [desire, halu], fervent [prayer, 
rnkousl; (buvitettu) interested; (uutte- 
ra) s«MUOus, strenuous; (hellittamfttOn) 
persevering: (vakava) earnest [request, 
pyyntOl: '^ kmmtmttaim warm (1. ardent l. 
strenuous) supporter; "» kmOija earnest 
listener, interested hearer; hartamt (I. hmr- 
f I ill III 1 1 f> UHrnkm^Hi my heartfelt (1. my 
warmest) thanks; kartmin t^ipanmkmmni 
•a, «fts .. It !s my most srrtPTit (1. my 
wann«n> wish that . . , (^yd^fiieilBtn) it 
ts the wish ncAritst {t<}} my heart i!iat . .; 
imtmm hmrtmxHm Bit clevoutty, ?JC eanifti^lly 
devout, -filial I nen ^ arm -hearted: (dei^ply) 
mterested; devoted, devout; (vakava) earn- 
^n [ri5t«iier, kuukja]. -mt«Miyvt warm- 
heartednesi; warm <1. ardetiu jntcr<>si. 

karraaitaa be lnt«resi«d (1. take an jmerei^t) 
'm ^,, Jotaktn}; (pyrkU) pursue, (earn- 
*^iitly) endeavor [lo acquire knowledge 
TletoJ«Q hankklmlstah OMinpLmAstU ha 
leatous for [a pood cause Jotakln hjvikk 
asiaa]; (ahkerolila) study, strive aRer. 
labor [to do a til.] : fkllntya) devote one'j^ 
attention (1. give one's mind} rto ... iota 
klnL devote <1. apply) o.». [to ..1: <3ijo- 
fU^ MIU) cherl^n [Xhe, truth, totuiittai^ 
* Ahubi pmrmmiv look Tot (L devote o,?;. 
to) the beat Interests or tho people, rher- 
tsih the yood of the people: ^ ^pint^J^an 
rtsvote <K apply) o,3. to one's stuflle''. 
pursue one's studies, hafraataja: iwUtin 
fc«rrut«id one i^ho IS interested f n . . , 



(Ummln) a tealot (1. an enthusiast) for 
(L in) . .; vrt. taitMnharrastiJa. harraa- 
taminen deyoting o.Sv [to ..], devotion 
[to ..]; pursuance; interest; cherishing; 
vrt. barraatiM. harraatawa: htakin harm- 
tmva interested in, (IftmpimAsti:) devoted 
to. zealous for; kadlM atima harroMtmoat 
all those mterested; vrt. oUmus. 

harraatelUAf iMfraatella ks. barraataja, har- 
rastaa* 

harraaUM (kllnty&) become interested in 
(1. zealous for 1. devoted to), take interest in. 

harraatue interest [in, Johonkln] ; (Iftmmin) 
zeal [for ..], devotion; (pyrlntO) pursuit. 
(earnest) endeavor, aspiration [after (I. 
for), Johonkln]; UrhdliMmt harrastukm9t 
literary pursuits (1. aspirations); taitmmn 
<*' pursuit of art, interest in art. 

harrl (harjus) European grayling:. 

haraea thin, gauzy. 

haraia (ommella vftllaikalsesti) baste; tack; 
(mets.) thin, haralnta basting, tacking; 
(mats.) thinning. 

harao gauze; crape, cr^pe; (kasvollla) veil, 
vrt. huBtu. -huivi gauze (1. chiffon) scarf. 

-huntu gauze veil. 

haraoinen gauzy; crape- (1. cr6pe-)like. 

haraolkangaa crape, cr^pe; (eslm. haavojen 
sitomiseen kftytetty) gauze; cheese-cloth. 
-korento (el&int.) chrysopld. -nauha gauze 
ribbon, (musta) crape band, -vaau = 
haraokaagas. 

hartaaatl earnestly; eagerly; ardently, ur- 
gently, fervently; devoutly; with great (1. 
deep) Interest; vrt. harras; rtikoiUa ^ 
(myds:) beg hard. 

hartaudenharjotua devotional exercises, de- 
votions. 

hartaua devotion; earnestness; (into) eager- 
ness; (IftmpO) warmth, fei^^or, fervency; 
hmtaadmOa (myOs:) devoutly, earnestly. 
-betki hour of devotion; devotions; (eslm. 
koulussa) devotional exercise, chapel (ex- 
ercise) ; vrt. harUuskokoua. -kirja prayer- 
book, religious book, -kirjaiilauua devo- 
tional (1. religious) literature, -kokoua 
devotional meeting (1. service), prayer- 
meeting. 

hartainen -■ bartialiiaii. 

hartefa broad-shouldered. 

hartia shoulder; [kantaa] hartMUaan [car- 
ry] on one's shoulders. 

haKlainen (yhd.) . .-shouldered [eslm. ha- 
pmm*^ narrow-Shouldered; Iwii'^ broad- 
shouldered] . 

hartiakaa broad-shouldered. 

hartaata rosin [the bow of one*s violin, vlu- 
lunsa Jousi], coat (1. rub) with rosin, res- 
in, hartaaua rosining, coating (1. rubbing) 
with rosin, hartal rosin; (etup. kem.) res- 
in, hartaimainen resinous, reslnoid, resin- 
aceous. harUUMJy roshi-oll. 

harva thin, not dense; (harsea) gauzy; (ei 
moni) few; (harvassa oleva) sparse; (har- 
vinainen) rare; harvaan, hmrvakMmmn ks.- 
hakus.; ^ Mm (mimM). /ofca •/ .. there are 
few men who would not . .; ^ «• pfUoA 
nearly every day, every day with scarcely 
an exception; AarcMi« few; harf>at ihmimmt 
(mvOs: hmr9a ihminmn) few men (I. peo- 

?ile); AarcMi« Mflfnt a select (1. a chosen) 
ew; mu«<ai w af AarcMi« a few; olfa harvaa- 
9m occur rarely (1. infrequently), be rare- 
ly found (1. met with), be scarce, be (of) 
rare (occurrence) [huom. eslm. hyvia mi«- 
hiM on harommmm good men are scarce (1. 
rare), good men are an exception; mUntyiS 
all (vMMbi fm) hmrmusm the pines were 
few and far between (1. were scattered); 
pime ocMtf hunfmmmm the trees are far apart 
(from each other)]. 



hafvAiii 



— 82 — 



hatulttn«rt 



harvMii thinly [planted, Istutettu(Ja)], 
sparsely [settled, asuttu] ; (harvakseen) 
slowly; (harvoln) rarely, seldom; '-, m«e- 
ta kariaoMti slowly but surely, by slow 
degrees; istuttaa '^ not plant close to- 
g-ether, plant far apart. 

harva|hamp«inen 1. -hammaa gap-toothed. 

harvainlivalta oligarchy, -valtainen oligar- 
chic. 

harvakteen slowly; at (rare 1. long) inter- 
vals; (harvoin) rarely, infrequently; (sll- 
loin tftlldln) now and then; (yksltellen) 
one by one; aMtuMk9lia ^ walk (1. tread) 
along slowly, plod along; niitS tapaa '^ 
they are rarely met with; vrt. harvaan. 

harvailkudokain«n coarsely woven; (barsea) 
thin, gauzy. -Iukufn«n few (1. small) In 
number, of a small number, scarce, -lukul- 
■••ti in small numbers; sparsely; harva- 
luktttS9Mii 9duMt9ttu not Well represented. 
-lukuituut small number; paucity, few- 
ness, -puheinen chary (1. sparing) of words 
(I. In speech); (valtelias) taciturn; harva- 
pnhminmn mi— a man of few words (1. 
chary with his words), -puheituut slow- 
ness of speech, chariness with words; 
(vaiteliaisuus) taciturnity, -aanainen 1. 
= harvapuheinsn; 2. (vain muutamia sa- 
noja slsalt&vtt) consisting of few words; 
laconic. -tllmAlnen coarse-meshed [net, 
verkko]. 

harva«t««a««n slowly; at long intervals; 
(harvoin) rarely. 

harvemmin not so often, more rarely, less 
frequently; ^ a»uttu less (1. not so) thick- 
ly settled, more sparsely (1. thinly) popu- 
lated. 

harvanamlnan thinning (out); (vfthenemi- 
nen) reduction in number, lessening, har- 
vannettu thinned; harvnnmttn tmkati spaced 
(out) letters (1. print), harvennut (met- 
sttn y. m.) thinning; (klrjap.) spacing out. 

harvantaa make . . thin (ner), make . .(more) 
sparse; make . . (more) rare; (metsft& y. 
m.) thin; (vfthentftft) lessen, reduce; (kir- 
Jap.) space out, interspace; ^ kHyntmlUUn 
decrease the number of one's calls, not 
call (1. come) as often (as one used to). 
harventamfnan (mets&n y. m.) thinning; 
(kirjap.) spacing out. harvantua, harveta 
get thinned, get (1. grow) thln(ner), thin 
(out); (kftydft harvinaisiksi) grow (1. be- 
come) rare; (lukumttttrftltAftn) become 
small(er) in number, be reduced in num- 
ber, (vfthetft) grow less, decrease; rivim- 
m« harvmnmvttt our ranks are thinning (1. 
grow thinner). 

harvimmin least often, least frequently; 
most rarely, most infrequently. 

harvinainen rare, seldom (to be) met with; 
(harvassa tavattava, harvoin nftbty) scarce, 
uncommon [sight, nftky], out of the ordi- 
nary (1. the common); infrequent [visitor, 

•vieras]; (omltuinen) strange [chance, sat - 
tuma], odd, singular; (tavaton) unusual, 
unwonted; exceptional; (erlnomainen) ex- 
traordinary, remarkable; -^ ihminmn a per- 
son out of the ordinary (1. the common 
run), an extraordinary person, a rare In- 
dividual; ^ tupan* a rare case, an uncom- 
mon (1. unusual) occurrence; harvinrntmn . . 
unusually [large, suurl], singularly (1. 
peculiarly) [adapted, sopiva], exceptional- 
ly, uncommonly [good, hyva], (erlnomal- 
sen) extraordinarily [beautiful, kaunis] ; 
on harvinaiMta, 9ttii . . it is out Of the com- 
mon that . . , it is rare(ly) that . . . harvi- 
naiaaati rarely, seldom; infrequently, har- 
vlnaiauua rareness, rarity; scarcity; infre- 
quence; (harvinainen esine) rare thing, 



curiosity; kuutuu harvinmitwtkBiin Is a 
rare (1. uncommon) thing. 

harvoin seldom, rarely; Infrequently, not 
often; "» nHhty [Jhrafeu] rarely (1. seldom) 
seen [heard of], scarce [bird, llntu], rare, 
uncommon; ^ stOttm niin, mttU . . it rarely 
happens that . . , it Is rare that . . ; ^ to- 
pahtuva . . Of (very) infrequent occur- 
rence, infrequent; kokotthsia, foisaa '^ ktt- 
kaan kdy (myds:) unfrequented meetings. 

harvuua thinness; scarcity. 

haaaahtaa not be quite normal, be acting 
queer, (Jkpv.) be a little off. haaaahtava 
. . not quite in (possession of) one's senses, 
not quite sane (1. right 1. normal); (act- 
ing) queer; Mn on Mttkan hoMMmhiatm 
(Jkpv.) he is a little off (1. a little out of 
his head). 

haaau silly, foolish; crazy, mad; vrt. hullu. 
haMumalnan foolish, silly, crazy; (nau- 
rettava) funny, droll, queer, comical, haa- 
aumaiaaati funnily, queerly. haaaumalauua 
foolishness, folly, absurdity. 

haaaunDkurinan funny, comical, droll, ludi- 
crous; mad, absurd, -kurlaaati funnily, 
comically, -kuriauua laughableness, ludl- 
crousness; extreme funniness, screaming 
fun; (mlelettOmyys) absurdity. 

haaauati wrong, amiss; hUnmn on k&ynyt '^ 
things have gone wrong with him; «ltntf oU 
vUhMS kSyda "* that was a narrow escape, 
(Jkpv.) that was a (pretty) close shave 
(1. call). 

haaauUiia ks. hullutolla. haaauttaa: ndmsts 
haMMuttaa (Jkpv.) that fellow must have a 
crazy streak (1. spell), that man must have 
gone crazy. haaauttaliJa, haaauttalu. haa- 
autua ks. huUuttolija, hulluttelu, hullutus. 

haaau ua Idiocy; foolishness; absurdity; vrt. 
hulluus. 

hatara (alkumerk.) not tight, not dense; 
flimsy [structure, rakenne; nest, llnnun- 
pestt] ; (esim. rakennuksesta) poorly (1. 
flimsily) constructed, unsubstantial, ram- 
shackle, shaky; (hOllft, 15yhft) loose [tex- 
ture, kudos], (kuv.) vague [supposition, 
luulo] ; (iftpikuultava) transparent, diaph- 
anous; (harsea) gauzy; (harva) thin 
[cloud, pllvi] ; (vuotava) leaky; (helkko) 
weak, poor [memory, mulsti] ; -^ paola«- 
tua flimsy (I. poor) excuse; haiarat pmrua- 
t99t vague (1. weak) grounds [huom. hH- 
nmllU on hatarat pmmatmmt Mstoriaasm he 
has a poor foundation (1. he is poorly 
grounded) In history] ; katarat ponutofnt 
a weak line of argument, not a well- 
grounded argument; haiarat timdat /oc«a- 
kin superficial (1. shaky 1. shallow) knowl- 
edge in . .; wi on ^ (myOs:) the door lets 
the wind through, hatarasti not tightly, 
flimsily; vaguely, hataroitua become thin 
(1. flimsy 1. vague 1. poor Jne., vrt. hata- 
ra). hataruua flimsiness; looseness, vague- 
ness; thinness; (muistin y. m.) poorness. 

hattara (pilven-) speck (1. patch 1. wisp) of 
cloud, white speck (I. wisp); cloudlet. 

hattu hat; (pAtthine) bonnet; (pannun-) 
cap; hatun koppa [UmH] crown [brim] of 
a hat; hatut pof« paMstU hats off! 

hattu- (yhd.) hat- [esim. -karia hat-brush; 
-laatikko hat-box, hat-case]. -kauppa I. 
-liike hat-store; (naisten hattu- Ja muotl- 
kauppa) millinery-shop (1. -store), -naula 
hatpin, -puolua (hist.) the Hats, -raaia 
bandbox: myOs = hattulaatikko. -tahdaa 
hat-factory, battery, -tukki (hat-)block. 

hatu down, fluff, floss, hatuinan downy, 
fluffy. 

hatullinan hatful; ^ mor/o/a a hatful of 
berries. 



— 83 — 



hiuujAlt^i 



haumlkppM crown (of a hat). -IUpI brim 
(or a hat); (nafsten hatussa) front, -nauha 
hatband, -notto lifttngr the hat, taking off 
one's hat, baring the head, -nydri bat- 
cord. -r«una — hatuali«ri. -titutta hat- 
Unlng. -iakiji hatter, hat-maker. 

h aatoB . . without a hat, hatless; ftofoeto- 
■ite pSim bareheaded, . . with bared head, 
hatless. 

IwifteMifcaivaJa grave-digger; sexton, -ia- 
kaln«a: hamdmntakminmn •iMtnS life beyond 
(the grave). 

iMP^af a bury. Inter; (tolmlttaa maahanpa- 
nlalset) commit . . to the earth, read the 
burial service [over . .] ; hmudattn burled, 
interred, haudattaa have . . burled (1. in- 
terred). 

hm ti 49 1. (Iftike-) application, fomentation; 
(kUre-) compress; (puuro-) poultice; S. 
(rehu-) hot (I. warm) mash, haudeiia 
bathe [with hot water, kuumalla vedell&l, 
apply hot applications [to .., Jotaklnf; 
kndaam foimkin kyinUtU MSrmata apply 
cold compresses to . . . 

iMstfonu (hauteleminen) bathing, (apply- 
ing oO hot applications, (li&k.) fomenta- 
tion; (munlen) brooding, sitting on eggs, 
batching; vrt. hantoa. 

iMMenkottkku book for catching pike. 

hauialihat (anat.) biceps. 

iMukahtaa (haukkua) yelp; (puralsta) bite. 

haiikanpaai hawk*8 nest. 

iMUkaU bite, take a bite; snap [at ..]; 
(syOdI) eat (hurriedly); <« t^MMS take a 
bite out of the loaf; ^ vSUpmlma have a 
snatch, (have a light) lunch. 

hauki pike; (plenempl laji) pickerel. 

haakka hawk; falcon, -metaiatyt hawking, 
falcony. -maiaiaiija falconer. 

iMiikkaiia biting, snap (ping), bite. 

iMiikkoa: ^ hmmkmSan gasp for breath, pant; 
^ Bmmm gasp for air, (eslm. kalolsta.) get 
the air. 

iMiikka (koiran) barking; mi ^ hmmoma f 
(L T.) barking dogs never bite, his bark is 
worse than his bite. 

liMkkmi (kolrasu:) bark [at . . , Jotakuta, 
iotaklnl, (klmakastl) yelp, (ulvomalla) 
bay; (Kuv.) call . . (bad) names, abuse, 
(torua) scold, give a (good) scolding, call 
down, howl [at one, Jotakuta], (loukata) 
insult; '^ hiakuta MHkin call one [a 
thief, varkaaksi], (Jollakln llikanlmelia) 
mckname [eslm. MniM haakuttiin 5«nna- 
Jwnikmi he was nicknamed Bath-house 
John] ; '^ ia l U»m9ti (eslm. sanomalehdes- 
si) decry; ^ n^UkuiMa scold continually, 
nag { at one, Jotakuta] ; ^ Joku pahanpai- 
wm—kai (\. pmtmimhmkMi 1. sUmat h konfot 
tMyt—m) haul one over the coals, give one 
a sound rating, rail at one, heap (1. shower) 
abuse upon a p. 

iMHkkwiiialniinl nickname, -aana bad word 
(L name), word of abuse, abusive word (1. 
name). name; taunt; hmakkumm»anat OloW.) 
foul (L abusive) language, abuse, taunt(s), 
gibes. 

iMikkainlnaa 1. — kaulmata; S. (kuv.) abus- 
mg, r ailing, abuse, foul language; vrt. to- 

lM«k«ialla yawn, gape; htnAot^mn with a 
yawn, yawningly. haukottaa 1. — kauko- 
tattaa; 9. ■> kankotalla. 

Iiaiikouia yawn(mg), gape, -kohtaua the 

haukoiottaa make . . (1. cause . . to) yawn, 
provoke yawning; mm HmdM mikM minua nUn 
'^ (myOs:) I don't know why I have to 
(I. I most) yawn so; mintm '^ 1 have the 
gapes, I am CI. feel) yawny. haukotutuva 
yawn -provoking, tiresome. 



haukunta bark(ing), btydnr); (lyhyt, kl- 
me&) yelp(lng); vrt. haukkninfaan. haiH 
kuakaila keep on barking, be barking; 
(kuv.) keep on abusing, scold continually, 
(nalkutella) nag [at one, Jotakuta]. hau- 
kuttaa make . . bark; make . . howl. 

haull shot (plur. shot), haulikko shotgun, 
fowling-piece. 

haull Emetalli shot -metal, -panoa charge (of 
shot); ^fi Mrf koko htadipanokMmn ial- 
kaanaa the Whole charge lodged In hU leg. 
-puMi shot-pouctk -pytay = haalikko. 
-ropsaue charge of shot. 

haurat brittle; (helposti sArkyvft) fragile, 
frail; (murea) crisp [bread. leipA] ; (hel- 
posti mureneva) friable, haura^tua become 
(1. get) brittle (1. crisp 1. fragile Jne., vrt. 
kauras). hauraus brittleness, fragility; 
(mureus) crispness. 

hauraallinen not chaste, unchaste, lewd 
[woman, nalnen], bawdy, licentious; vrt. 
Irstas. hauraallisaatl lewdly, in a lewd 
manner, licentiously; mlHH hmnrmmlU»mBti 
live lewdly, lead a lewd life, haupaalllsuus 
unchastlty, lewdness, fornication, haura- 
ling ^ kauraalUnen. 

hauraudanpeei house of 111 -fame, bawdy 
house, hauraua lewdness, unchastlty, lewd 
life; vrt. hnoruus. 

hauaka I. (a.) pleasant, delightful, agree- 
able; (hupalnen, lloinen) Jolly [chap, pol- 
ka], merry; (huvlttava) amusing, enter- 
taining [story, kertomus], interesting; 
(sepa on) '^ kmMa that's good news, I'm 
(very) glad (1. pleased) to hear it; ^ ea- 
VQta (esitett&essA:) I'm pleased to meet 
you ; hmiMkai kuonmmt cheerful apartments ; 
Ivdmtwlmminmn on mMocfa hyvin hauskaa I 
take great pleasure in skating; oUsi ^ 
nMhda, miUn siinU kUy it would be inter- 
esting to see how that will come out (1. 
what the outcome of that will be). 11. (s.) 
fun, good time; mmlttH oii hyvin hauMkaa 
intoirmtkmiid we had a good time (1. a lot 
of fun) on the pleasure -trip, we enjoyed 
the pleasure -trip very much; ks. pitKX 
(hauskaa). 

hauskannkkdlnan pleasant- (1. agreeable-) 
looking. hauskaafaitAinan . . with inter- 
esting (1. amusing) contents, hauskasti 
{>Ieasantly, aRrreeably; (hupaisesti) merrl- 
y; pOivS kntni hanakasti the day passed 
merrily, hauskutalla amuse o.s. [by doing 
a th., Jotakin tekemftllft], divert o.s., make 
merry; vrt. huvltalla. hauskuttaa amuse, 
divert, entertain; (tehdft hauskaksi) make 
. . pleasant (1. amusing), hauskutus amuse- 
ment, diversion, entertainment; (hauskuus) 
enjoyment, pleasure, hauskuue pleasure, 
enjoyment; (huvi) amusement, fun; (ilo) 
mirth, Jollity, gaiety (myOs: gayety); ion- 
kun httuMkuudmkai to amuse one, for a p.'s 
pleasure (1. amusement). 

hauta grave, tomb, sepulcher; (kuoppa) 
pit, ditch; haudmn hiliaUtma silence of the 
grave (1. the tomb), deathlike silence. 

hautaaja one who buries (1. inters), hautaa- 
maton unburied, uninterred. hautaaminen 
burial, interment. hautaantoimlttaJa(Amer. 
suom.) undertaker. 

hautaantua be(come) buried [in sand, 
hiekkaan]; (kuv.) bury o.s.: ^ mriimaan 
ykminMimyytmrnn bury o.s. in the wilderness; 
iohonkin Imuiamninnut burled In . . . hau- 
taholvl (burial-) vault, tomb; (pitkfl, maan- 
alainen) catacomb, crypt. 

hautajala- (yhd.) funeral [eslm. -puhm fu- 
nerd oration; -Moattum funeral procession; 
'toimiuza funeral ceremony], burial. 

hautajaiaat funeral, burial, obsequies, hau- 



hauujAlMnaiiot 



— 84 — 



lMd«lmllllM«tl 



taJalMiienot burial service, funeral (I. last) 
rites (1. services). 

hautalkammio sepulcher; vrt. hautaholvL 
-kappeli cemetery (1. mortuary) cbiu)el; 
tomb; vrt. kautaraksnnus. -kirjotut in- 
scription (on a tombstone) » epltapb. -kivl 
tombstone, gravestone, marker, monument, 
-kumpu mound over a grrave; (burial-) 
mound; (esihistoriallinen) barrow; calm. 
-pattat monument, (suuri) tomb. -puh« 
funeral oration; eulog^y. -rakannut mau- 
soleum, -ritti cross (over a g'rave 1. at a 
grave), monumental cross. 

hautaua burial, interment, intombment; vrt. 
luiutajAisct. 

hautaut- (ybd.) funeral [eslm. 'kuMtannttk- 
M9t funeral expenses; -Moteo funeral pro- 
cession], burial(-) [eslm. -moa burial- 
ground; -m«fioe burial rites]. 

hautautapu aid in (1. money towards the) 
funeral expenses, -kaaaa burial fund, -ran- 
Oaa burial society. 

hautauaO kaaaa burial fund, -kailot funeral 
beU(s). -maa cemetery, graveyard, burial- 
place, burying-ground, Ood's acre, -aoltto 
1. music at a funeral; 3. "° liautau«k«lIot. 
^toimltto undertaking parlors (1. establish- 
ment), the undertaker's. 

hautautua bury o.S.; myOs — hantaantua. 

hauuiamfnen, hauUlu bathing [with, Jolla- 
kin], (iu)plying) hot applications [to ..]. 

hautoa 1. (haudella) bathe, i4)ply (hot) i^)- 
plications [to . .] ; (l&ftkehauteilla) foment, 
vrt. paahtaa; 3. (kanasta y. m. puhuen:) 
sit (on eggs) [Jlrov.: set on eggs], (sit) 
brood(ing), incubate, (polkasiin asti) 
hatch (kolme viimemainittua my<)s kuv.); 
3. (kuv.) cherish [hopes, toiveita], har- 
bor [malicious thoughts, pahoj a ajatuksial, 
revolve [great schemes, suuria tuumiaj; 
^ aartmitaan Uuv.) hover over one's treas- 
ures; *- mi9UMsiiiin revolve (in one's mind); 
(tuumia) ponder [upon ..], contemplate, 
meditate; ^ poiktMiin fl. poHkai) batch 
(out); '-' salajnonia revolve (1. harbor) in- 
trigues, plot; hyps (kana) haatomamn a 
good setting (l. brooding) hen, a good 
brooder. 

hautomaiafka (linnun) brooding season (I. 
time), -kana setting hen, brood-hen. 
brooder, -koja I. -kone hatching-apparatus, 
incubator, -uuni incubator. 

hautominen bathing, (Jonkin) applying hot 
applications to . .: (linnun) brooding, in- 
cubation; hatch (ing). hautomlaalka ks. 
hautoma-aika. hautoutua be bathed; vrt. 
hautua. hautova brooding, hatching. 

hautua 1. be bathed, (l&ftk.) be fomented; 
(eslm. perunolsta, lantuista y. m.) steam; 
(paahtua) be basked (1. scorched); (eslm. 
Jalka, kuumalla ilmalla kftvellessft) be- 
(come) chafed; 8. (muna) hatch (myOs 
kuv.), be hatched; 3. (kuv.) mature, brew. 

hautuumaa =- kautauamaa. 

havaannollfnan (havaannolllsesti esitetty) 
graphic; (silmin huomattava) visual; (sel- 
vtt) perspicuous, clear; (fllos. = v&litan) 
intuitive; ^ opaeus object-lessons, havaan- 
noliitantaa make . . clear (1. visual), visual- 
ize; (valalsta) illustrate, havaannoilitatti 
graphically; (selvftstl) clearly, perceptibly. 
navaannoilituut graphic (al)ness; (selvyys) 
clearness. 

havaanto (fllos.) Intuition; vrt. havalnta. 
-opetut (teaching by) object-lessons, -vi- 
iineet materials for object-lessons. 

havahdus awakening, havahduttaa (a) wake, 
(a) rouse, havahtaa, havahtaminen ks. ha- 
vahtua, kavahtuminen. havahtua (herfltft) 
wake up, awake(n), rouse (1. be aroused) 



[from stupor, borrokseista; from sleep, 
unesta]. hafahtumlnen awakening. 

Hawall-aaarat the Hawaiian Islands. 

havalnnollinen -> kavaannollinen. havalnnon- 
tekIjA observer; (fllos.) empiric. 

havalnto perception; (huomio) observation; 
(kokemus) experience; (keksintd) discov- 
ery; httotdntoon pmrtutava Intuitive; tmhJU 
havaintoim make Observations, -kyky per- 
ceptive faculty, perception; faculty of ob- 
servation; vrt. huomiokyky. -opatus ks. ha- 
vaanto-opatua. -virha error In observation. 

havaita observe; (huomata, ftlytfl) perceive, 
notice, note, be (come) aware of; (saada 
tlet&ft) learn, find (out); (keksli) discover; 
(hoksata) catch sight of, espy, descry; 
(nfthdA) see; (kftslttlA) be sensible of, real- 
ize, understand; hmndttavisaa oimva per- 
ceptible, perceivable, discernible, notice- 
able; havaittiin tarpmrnllimmkai was found 
necessary, proved necessary, havaltaam*- 
tofi not perceived, unperceived; (Jota el vol 
huomata) imperceptible, hawaitaamfnan ob- 
serving, perceiving, noticing Jne., vrt. ha- 
vaita. havaltaamua perception, havaltaa- 
vainan attentive; watchful, heedful; ob- 
servant, observing, havaituva perceptible; 
discernible; vrt. huomattava. 

Havanna Havana, Habana. 

havaa netting, -lanka packthread, (pack) 
twine. 

havauttaa, havautua ks. havahduttaa, havah- 
tua. 

havan (parta) beard. 

havitalla (haluta) desire, be desirous of. 
have a desire for; (tavotella) hunt after (I. 
for), seek, hanker after (1. for), havltuiu 
desire; longing; aspiration [.for ..]. 

havu sprig of a fir-(l. pine-) tree; havni 
(myOS:) evergreen; Jhraaan [mannyn] ha- 
vut needles (1. leaves) of spruce [of pine]. a 
spruce [pine] brash, -kaaa pile of ever- 
green sprigs, -maja hut (made) of ever- 
green branches, -matal forest of pine- and 
fir-trees; pine- forest. 

tiavunllnaula needle (1. leaf) of pine (1. fir>, 
pine -leaf, -okaa branch of evergreen, plne- 
(1. nr-)twlg. 

havupuu pine(-tree), fir(-tree); (tlet.) co- 
niferous tree; (puualneena) pine, havuttaa 
strew with spruce (1. pine) brash, cover 
with evergreen, havutukkl block for chop- 
ping evergreen branches (1. sprigs). 

ha they; hmidUn their [hopes, tolveensa], . . 
theirs; hmUlm to them, for them; HmtttM from 
them; '^ ium they themselves; HmitM them. 

Habrfdlt the Hebrides. 

hada 1. (kasv.) stamen; hmtmmt stamens; S. 
» hata. -kaavl stamlnate (1. male) plant. 
-kukka stamlnate (1. male) flower. 

hadalmittft fruitage. 

hadalmiaOkantava fruit -bearing, bearing 
(fruit); (kuv.) ks. seur. ^uottava (kuv.) 
fruitful, profitable, productive, srlelding. 

hadalma fruit; hmdelmSt fruit, (Joskus:) 
fruits; hmd9inUlMt& pun tunnmtman a tree Is 
known by its fruit. 

hadalmi- (yhd.) fruit- [eslm. -maAn fruit- 
Juice: -pmi fruit-tree; 'vHtsi fruit-knife; 
^vilhtys fruit-culture], -alka fruit-season. 
-happo acid of fruits, fruit-acid, -hyytald 
jelly, -kauppa fruit-trade, fruU-business; 
(-puoti) fruit -store, -kaupplaa dealer in 
fruit(s), fruit-dealer (l. -seller), -kaupua- 
taliJa fruit-peddler; (Engl.) costermonger. 
-lajl kind (1. variety) of fruit, fruit. 

hadafmailinan fruitful; fertile [soil, maan- 
laatu]; (tuottava) productive; (slkiftvti- 
nen) prolific, fecund; (kuv. — hyOtyft tuot- 
tava) profitable; fhdM hmdmlnUm99kMi ks. 
hadalmSittUL hadalmaillaaati fruitfully; 



M dt lmiH leyy 



— 85 — 



li«ilikol«hJalnen 



prouneally. lMd«lmillltyvt rniltrulness, 
ferUlity; productiveness; recundlty. 

lMtf«lmiaBkorJwu fruit -ffatberln^, fruit-har- 
▼est. -rttAkiui rreen fruit. -tydAn core of 
a fruit, kernel, -viljalya growing (1. cultt- 
vatloo) of frult(s). 

^•^•Imil py ittTtm orcbard. -rikat . . rlcli in 
frultO), . . wtth aU kinds of fruit. -Mk*ri 
fruit-sugar, (kem.) fructose. -«illyk« con- 
serre (of fruit). Jam; canned fruit. 

lMd«linatt6inyyt lack of fertility. Infertility; 
(sUtoskyvyttomsrys) sterility, barrenness; 
■— iMnrJw "» (myOs:) the soil not being 
fertile . .; vrt. hyMsrttSmrys. hedeimitAn 
fruitless (myds kuv.), unfruitful; not fer- 
tile, barren, sterile; unprollflc. 

iMMmllviinl elder, -vlljelyt - hsdslmia. 

Iwdaliiiflidl bear fruit, fruit; (kukkia) 
bloom, Cbe in) blossom. iMdelmAlmlnen 
fruiting, fructification; (ruklln y. m.) 
blossoming: (kukklmlnen) bloom, florlflca- 
tloQ. iMdelmdiUyA be(come) fructified, 
be(come) fertilised (1. Impregnated 1. fec- 
undated). lMd«lfn«lttifnIn6n ks. hsdelmfil- 
tjrs. iMdelmAltavi fructifying, fertilizing; 
(kuv.) fruitful [discussion, keskusteluj, 
fertUe, profitable, hedelmdittivitti frult- 
fnUy. profitably: Mfmilmttaa kmd^inOittavaM- 
H jmhamkim bave a fruitful effect upon . . . 
h »d»lw6it t ai frucUfy; fertilize; (el&ln tal 
kasvl) Impregnate, fecundate. iMdeimdlty- 
niiiM setting; fructification, hedtlmdftyt 
fructification, fertilization; impregnation, 
fecundation; (sUtos) conception, hedel- 
MdKyt set; myOs - li*d«lmMttyI. 

hadaniu¥oiww (kasr.) stamlnate, male. 

iMhkeya florlflcatlon; bloom; (rebevyys) 
luzurlance, richness, exuberance, hehkei 
flourlflblng, blooming, fresh, ruddy, rosy; 
kmkkmimmmMMn at the height Of her [Its] 
bkwm. helikeitU flourishingly, blooming- 
ty, luxuriantly. 

iMhfcu glow (myOs kuv.); (hehkuva kuu- 
muus) glowing heat, (tlet.) Incandescence. 

iMlikmi glow, (eslm. raudasta:) be red-hot, 
be white-hot; (palaa) bum Lwlth anger, 
vlhasta]; (lelmuta) flush; <« innMtuBtm 
gtow with (1. be full of) enthusiasm; Mlf- 
fa* kmhkmi the embers are alive (1. glow- 
ing) ; MbMn kmBvomam kmhkmiv^ vihamtm his 
face glowed (1. was red) with anger; ml«- 
immi kmhkua minnm kS. palM; poak9t hrnhhtd' 
vai the cheeks were flushing (1. flushed); 
rmmim hmhkmm the Iron Is red-hot (1. glow- 
ing); amn 9iimSt hmhkaiv^ tulta Its eyes 
were like balls of fire. 

iMhkatamppu Incandescent lamp, hehkuml- 
mh glowing; flushing. 

iMlikiitiM make . . glowing hot, heat . . to 
incandescence; (tlet.) Ignite; (kuumentaa) 
mull [wine, vllnli] ; hmhkutmttu heated to 
Incandescence; Ignited; mulled [wine, vll- 
nl] ; vrt. Inramentaa. hehkuttamlnen, heh- 
kwUia beating to Incandescence; Ignition. 

helikinra glowing; red-hot [Iron, rauta] ; live 
[coal, hiill]; (tlet.) Incandescent; (kuv. — 
tulinen, palava) burning, ardent, fervid 
[desire, halu], consuming; *-' Mtflo* glow- 
ing embers, live coals; ^ im^ burning 
ardor (I. enthusiasm), ardent zeal; '^ ktm- 
mmma glowing heat, (tlet.) Incandescence: 
hmhkm0mm kmmm glowing, red-hot, (kuv.) 
ardent, intense, hot as a fire; hmhhnvan 
pmttdmmi (\. hmhkuo^} poahmt flushed (1. 
glowing) cheeks. 

helikwvalo Incandescent light. 

helikuvMtl glowingly; (hehkuvan hinokkaas- 
tl) ardently, fervidly. 

iMiitaarl [— 2.47i eekkerU] hectare. 

Iielitaariiiala: "* tnmaia a hectare of land. 



hehto (my<)s: hehtoil) hectoliter [— 86.42 
gallonla] . 

hehto- (yhd.) hecto- [eslm. 'gramma hecto- 
gram(me); -tfer« hectoliter], -grafi (mo- 
nlstln) hectograph. 

hehuttaa, hehutut ks. hshkuttaa, hshkutus. 

hei heigh! hey! ho! (there). 

heijarl (Junttaluotl) ram, drop -weight. 

heljattaa throw back; (valoa. IftrnpOA y. m.) 
reflect: (&&ntft y. m.) reverberate; (kuvas- 
taa) mirror; (sttelllft) radiate, be resplen- 
dent [with . . , Jotakin] ; (hohtaa) shim- 
mer, gleam, heijaataja (valon-) projector, 
search-light; vrt. hsljastiii. heijaataminen 
reflection, reverberation Jne., vrt. hsij**- 
taa. heijaatin reflector. 

heijaatua be reflected; (Unestft y. m.) re- 
verberate: (kuvastua) be mirrored; hmiioM- 
tnnut reflected, heljaatumlnen reflection, 
reverberation. 

haijaatua reflection, reflex; reflected light; 
radiation; shimmer, -kulma (fys.) angle of 
reflection, -liike reflex action (1. motion 1. 
movement), -pelli reflector; (ikkunan edes- 
sA) wlndow-mlrror. 

heikantymlnan, halkantyi ks. heikkeneminen, 
heikstl. halkanUmlnan weakening; debili- 
tation, enervation. heikentivA weakening 
[effect, valkutus], enfeebling, heikenti- 
vaatl KS. valkuttaa. halkentii weaken; 
(ruumlllllsestl) debilitate; enfeeble; ener- 
vate; (hOllent&A) relax [the discipline, ku- 
rla]; (vfthentftA, huonontaa) Impair [the 
memory, mulstla], lessen. 

helkati weaken, grow weaker; become fee- 
ble; grow (1. become) faint; (huonontua) 
grow worse, run down, go Into a decline; 
(vfthentyA) go down, abate, subside; (kfty- 
d& volmattomaksl) lose strength, languish; 
hanan nUkStuM haikkanma his Sight Is grow- 
ing dim, his eyes are getting poor; Moiraa 
haikkanaa the patient Is growing weaker 
(1. worse); twnii haikkanma the Wind Is go- 
ing down (1. subsides) ; aani haikk9n99 the 
?oiiM BTow*; filfttCer) haikkeneminfin 

down, ahatementi subsiaenco; iangujsHitig-; 
vrt. edelL 

H«ikkt Henry. 

heiitko weaJf (old man, vanhus; verb, verbl: 
artriimeni^ vaite: voice, aam] : (voiniaton) 
ff?obte [aUempt, yritys; volcn, aftni], in- 
firm Tor purpose, paHtflkse^^saan] ■ ChciitO) 
frail [woman, iialnen]^ dellcat<?; =i]enrlRr, 
^Uf^ht; (tieihpntynyt) feint (Merht, vain; 
riil?fl. valtimo; «-leanj Of hopo, toivonsMel, 
low; (kenno) poor- (ohut) ihm M^'e, jmi; 
blooil vertl; (kavyt) mht fknork, napu- 
tusl, soft' ^ niik& weak f^ye^H railing eye- 
sight; ^ pa^ii {llnniapfi:^a> weaktie'^!', wpak 
potnt, foible, (eslm. kirja^sa) fiorcrt. wr-ak- 

ne?^, weak point; [Olla] h*ikkona xatraana 
[be] very low, [lie] barl off, I he J a v»>ry 
sick man, (kuoleman kteiissa) ibe\ ai thft 

point of death I ^ imrewym del I rale i\. frail 

I. poor) health; AcifcdmAi ks. haku^.; h^ibot 
partutmai Slender grounds, (eslm. Jossakin 
oppialneessa) weak (1. poor) foundation 
[in . .] ; tuaaaiM haikkona faint With hunger. 
haikko- (yhd.) weak- [eslm. -MtlmaiMn 
weak-eyed; -taktoinan weak-willed], fee- 
ble- [eslm. -mimUnmn feeble-minded], -her- 
moinan . . with worn-out (1. fagged) nerves; 
(helpostl hermostuva) nervous, -hermoi- 
auua weakness of the nerves, nervous de- 
bility (1. prostration) ; (laak.) neurasthenia. 
-Jirkinen weak- (1. feeble-) minded; weak- 
headed: (tylsftjftrklnen) idiotic. -Jirkisyys 
weak-(l. feeble- )mindedness, weakness of 
the mind; Idiocy, -kykylnen, -lahjalnen . . 
with little ability, . . of limited intelligence. 



heikkolahjeisuuj 



— 80 — 



heitUd 



-lahjaituut little ability, limited Intelll- 
g-ence. -luontoinen . . of a weak cbaracter 
(1. nature), . . with a weak will, -mielinen 
feeble -minded, imbecile; (mielisairas) de- 
mented, insane; vrt. tyUMmielinen. -mi«li- 
•yyt feeble -mlndedness, imbecility; insani- 
ty, (la&k.) dementia, -nikdinen weak-eyed 
(l.-si?bted), dim-sighted, -nikdityyt weak- 
ness (1. dimness) of sight, poor (1. weak) 
sight, (Jkpv.) bad (1. weak) eyes, -piinen 
ks. hsikkolmlellnsn, -JXrkinen. -rakenUi- 
nen . . of slender frame. . . of delicate mold, 
delicate, frail. -rint«in«n . .with weak lungs. 

h«ikkoud«n||merkkf sign of weakness, -•ynti 
venial sin. 

h«ikkout weakness, feebleness, (ftinen, va- 
lon y. m.) faintness; (voimattomuus) in- 
firmity, debility; (hentous) frailness, frail- 
ty; (kehnous) poorness; (heikko puoll) 
weak side, (luonteenvlka) weak point, foi- 
ble, falling; Mtrnu on h8n9n hmikkonUnsa 
tardiness is his weakness (1. his failing); 
tmhdon ^ infirmity of will; ylminmn '^ gen- 
eral debility, (l&ftk.) asthenia. 

h«ikko||utkoin«n: U h9ikkonakoismt (raam.) 
ye of little faith, -utkoituus lack (1. want 
1. weakness) of faith. -valoin*n . . with a 
faint light; dimly lighted. -v«rlnM thin- 
blooded, ansmlc. -v*rityyt (l&ftk.) ane- 
mia. -iinin«n thin-voiced, . . with a weak 
(I. feeble) voice. 

heikommuut inferiority. 

h«ikompi weaker; ^ /ofo^rvta (voimiltaan, 
kyvyiltftftn y. m.) inferior to one [in ..], 
one's Inferior tin . .] ; ^ kuin . . weaker 
than . . , inferior to . . , not so strong as . . ; 
-« mkupuoli the weaker sex; vrt. vMke- 
vi(mpi). 

h«fkonlainen rather (1. somewhat) weak (1. 
feeble jne., vrt. heikko). 

h«ikon|taa, -Umln*n, -Uva ks. hoikenltiUI, 
-tKmineB, -tXvlL h«ikontua ks. heiketlL 
h«ikontumaton unw^akened; unimpaired 
[health, terveys; strength, voima] ; un- 
abated [zeal, into]. h«ikontuminen ks. 
heikkeneiniBon. h«ikontunut impaired 
[health, terveys], debilitated. 

h«fkotti weakly, in a feeble manner, feebly; 
faintly: poorly [represented, edustettuj ; 
thinly [clad, puettu]. 

holkoU ^ heiketi. 

heikiiiinM I. (a.) their, their own; heikS^Ui- 
Mtin oloihin vrraten compared with their 
cirnimstances (1. conditions), compared 
with them. II. (s.) one of them: (heldfln 
mles) their man: •/ kukaan heikSiaisista 
none of their own men, none (1. no one) 
amonR- them. 

heliahdelfa sway, swing; ^ •dmMtakaiMin 
(sftftnndllisestl) oscillate; ^ tinnm tUnnm 
(vaappua) dangle. 

h«iiahdut swing, sway; (heilurin) oscilla- 
tion. -«ika time of oscillation. 

h«llahdutfaa swing, sway, wave; ^ ympUri 
swing around, whirl < around). 

heflahtaa sway, swing; vrt. heilahdelU. h«l- 
laht«ieminen swinging (about); (sftttnnOIH- 
nen) oscillation: (vaapunta) dangling, hel- 
iahtei«va swinging; oscillating. h«ilaht«lu 
— heiN^te*eminen. 

heilAke, heilakka (tyttO) butterfly: flirt. 

hellauulla, heifauttaa ks. helUhduttaa. 

belli sweetheart. 

h«lllmMdi be in pollen; (kukkla) (be in) 
blossom, heilimdiminon (viljakasvien y. 
m.) bloom. 

heilua swing fto and fro, edestakaisln]. 
sway [in the wind, tuillessa], play to and 
fro: (sftfinnOlIlsesti, kuten eslm. hellurl) 
o'^clllate: (huohia) rock: (rolkkua) dangle; 
(liehua, lekutella) flutter; (hulmuta) wave; 



moa hmilui iaikaimmm oUa the ground rocked 
(1. shook) under our feet. 

hellurl pendulum, -kello pendulum-clock, 
-liikunu oscillatory motion (1. movement), 
oscillation. 

hoilurinlydnti stroke of a pendulum. 

heilutella brandish, flourish [one's sword, 
miekkaansal ; whisk, wag [its tail, hftntftftn- 
sft] : ks. heUuttaa. 

helluttaa sway, swing [one's hat, hattuaan]. 
wave [one's hand, kftttftftn] ; flourish [one's 
whip, ruoskaansa]; (keinuttaa) rock; vrt. 
huiskuttaa; ^ hUnHUbuS whlsk (koirasta: 
wag) its tall; ^ iotaUn hyvM»tik»i wave a 
farewell with a th.; ^ voitonri9nndMmMti (I. 
tthmamvamti) brandish [one's sword, mlek- 
kaansa]. neilutt«mln*n, haliutut swing- 
(ing), waving; wag(ging); brandishing. 

heimo tribe; (skotl. y. m.) clan; (suku) 
family (myOs kasv. Ja elttint.) ; oUa hmimoa 
JoHmkulle be related to one; vrt. intiaaBi'-', 
UeU^ y. m. 

haimo- (yhd.) tribal [eslm. -Mfa tribal 
war] . -kanta kmdred people, -kunta tribe. 

heimolainen kinsman; (sukulainen) relative; 
hmimoiaift kinsfolk, kindred, halmolals- 
(yhd.) ks. sukulaia-. 

haimolalauua kinship; relationship; affinity 
of race; vrt. veri^. -aitaat ties of kinship 
(1. blood); relationship. 

haimonpiiliikkd chief (bf tribe); chieftain. 

haimoue » hoimolaisuus. -henki spirit (1. 
feeling) of kinship. 

hainlkko grass; (niftty) meadow; olfa pitkSH- 
laan kminiko9Ma lie (sprawled) on the grass. 

heini hay; (ruoho) grass; olfa kminiUmH be 
making hay, be haying; tmkdH kminMH 
(make) hay; ttiUa kminHata come back from 
haying, return from the hay -field. 

haini- (yhd.) hay- [eslm. -kanko hay- fork; 
-karoMfm hay -rake; -ikaamo hay -fever J. -«lka 
haying season, haymaking(-time). -auma 
haystack, hayrick, -hanko (myOs:) pitch- 
fork, -hikki hay -rack, -kaavl grass, -kuor- 
ma load of hay. -kuu July; kminSkuun nof- 
jam pSiva (Yhdysv.) Fourth of July, ^aji 
species of grass, -lato (hay-)barn; (Engl.) 
shed (for hay). ->luoko windrow (of hay), 
-maa meadow-ground, meadow-land, -mato 
» nilttymato. -mlaa hasrmaker, mower, 
-niitty hay-field. 

haininllkaavu growth of grass, -korjuu hay- 
ing, haymaking, -purlatin 1. -puristuakone 
hay -press, -pdyhija 1. -kiintAkona hay-ted- 
der (1. -spreader), -alaman hay-seed, grass- 
seed, -teko = helnllBkorJau; o/fa kminUn- 
tmoMsa be making hay, be haying, -^koalka 
ks. heinKaika. -viljelya raising (of) hay, 
growing hay. 

halnillpialaa haystack, hayrick, -ruko hay- 
cock, -aato crop of hay, hay-crop. 

hainialrkka grasshopper; (suuri) locust, 
-parvi swarm (1. hord) of grasshoppers; 
(sankka) cloud of locusts. 

haininaoraa (el&lnt.) wild duck, -auova <-" 
helnMpieles. -talkoo haying-bee. -tukko 
wisp (1. handful) of hay. -vikl haymakers. 

haialllmato tapeworm, -puu (kasv.) vibur- 
num; vrt. koiranheUipuu. 

haiakua rock, shake, halakuttaa rock, shake. 

haltelli throw (about), fling; toss [a ball, 
palloa]; hurl; ^ Jotakuta ItanipattoiUa 
(mydsr) pelt one with snowballs; '^ «lnno 
tannm (I, kafalUen) scatter broadcast; ofia 
koktaion heiUltSvUnli be a plaything of 
fate, be a sport of fdrtune. 

heittalahtii: ^ imofoolfoan ttukoMta toss 

on one's bed In pain. 

heittaly throwing about, tossing. 

heittiA good-ror-nothins' (fellow); (konna. 



iMiUMaiiiiiM 



— 87 — 



iMliea 



lurjas) scoundrel, rascal. h*ittMmiin«n => 

ttirow(inff), cast(ing). nin?(ing); 
to«s<iiis); mtAmi hmitto cast(ing) of a net; 
vn. ldv«B^, Tirin^. 
iMittolaM missUe. -hihna lasso, -kappale 
projectUe; missile, -keilils Javelin, dart. 
-4iik« projectile movement, -merlclci (kiel.) 
apostropbe. -pallo hand -ball, -vuoro throw; 
tn hm iit oou o t 



mjt Mt cfavn k9iitovuoroMi It is your throw 
(L turn) now. -vlll range. 

iMittAJA one who throws (1. casts Jne., ks. 
kaittiX); vrt. paHon^, valon^ y. m. belt- 
tAmiMa throwing, casting Jne.. vrt. heittilX. 

ii*lttAytyA throw o.s. [down, maahanl ; 
(syOksyS) plunge [into th^ water, veteenj ; 
(antautua Jonkln valtaan) surrender o.s. 
ito grief (1. sorrow), surun valtaan], yield 
[to despair, eplltoivon valtaan]; ^ jonkun 
■I mwiiU surrender unconditionally, (kuv.) 
throw O.S. on a p.'s favor; ^ irMtailmm 
five o.s. up to dissipation: ^ UdmktdtsiXake 
it easT; (taballaan) play lazy; ^ pitkSkMmmn 
fmammhtm) throw o.s. flat on the ground, 
throw o.s. prone, fall flat (on the grass). 

hatttlA 1. throw, cast [lots, arpaa], (kovalla 
voimalla. huolimattomasti tai ylenkatseel- 
llsestl) fling [a penny to a beggar, penni 
kerj&lftlselle], (singahduttaa) hurl [a stone, 
un] ; S. (J&tt&ft) leave, give up, (hyljttta) 
abandon; ^ kmnhmn9M give (1. yield) up the 
ghost; draw one's last breath; pass away; 
««' kmkkmmm (menemiftn) throw away; ^ 
ktmUi 9ikmmmn Shake Off the (dull) cares, 
dismiss one's care(s); ~ hyvasti (\. jUdhy- 
nM9mi ) hUmkaUm take leave of. say good- 
by (I. fareweU) to; *« [kOysi] irnM^mn 
loose, cast off [the rope] ; ^ kmikM men- 
nmmhH abandon everything, give up all as 
lost; '<' kmUarn play at tenpins (Engl.: fline- 
pins): '^ kmskmnimrMismkMi) ks. jKttiUi; - 
JotakuU JUMlUr psahan throw a stone 
at a p.*s head, hit (1. strike) a p. on 
tbe bead with a stone; ^ kupmrkmikkaa 
(torn) somersault(s). somerset; ~ kuutaa 
(urh.) put tbe shot; ^ ImntomniMkuia joUm- 
kmUm throw (1. blow) kisses to one; ^ m«* 
■■mliiw throw away, cast aside, (kuv.) 
throw to the winds, get rid of; ^ ndmUs- 
tMMm dismiss from one's mind, abandon; ^ 
mrnhhrnmrnm (esim. kft&rme) ks. luoda; ^ nop- 
pmm play at (1. with) dice, shake dice; <« 
Joku mmmn mmmnMa noiamn leave one to his 
(1. her) fate, desert (1. abandon) one; -• 
P9i9 throw off, cast away; ^ Joku rappw 
aim fliM throw (1. kick) one downstairs; ^ 
aiimmen give up, abandon, vrt. jittiiM; ^ 
[kalken] eo^vMica abandon (1. give up) 
[all] hope; '^ ty^nsa (L toimmnma) (tila- 
ptisesti) leave one's work, (kokonaan) quit 
(one's Job) ; '^ vatrnnsa, vmttaan (kusta) pass 
(one's) water, make water, pass urine ; marin- 
km hmitH mStmHaan the sun darted its beams. 

heitAttAA: ^ /•Mn (\. iataUn) afo« have a 
th. thrown out (I. cast away) ; '^ ioku uIom 
have one turned (1. thrown 1. kicked) out. 

b«liot«lla, hakottaa laugh (boisterously). 

ti eli t agpafi (monistuskoje) hectograph. 

iMkoma voluptuousness, sensuality; (himO) 
lust; miMM kmkwnmBMa jm yimUisyydmMsa lead 
a life of riot and revel, lead a fast life. 
Ii«kufiialiln«n voluptuous, lustful; sensual. 
h^kumalilMttl voluptuously, lustfully, he- 
kumalllauiM voluptuousness, lustfulness; 
(alstilllsuus) sensuality; vrt. iMkuma. he- 
ku w oi d a indulge in sensual gratifications, 
riot (and revel), revel (in pleasure), heku- 
moliaija voluptuary; sensualist; (sydmftri) 
ro<u)rmand, epicure. 

Iiato (piipun, veftsan y. m.) ferrule: (Jos- 
kus;) socket: *«<«< mounthigs, (ikkunoi- 



den, ovien y. m.) fittings; (koll. usein:) 
ironwork. 

heiakanSpunainen bright-red. vermilion; 
scarlet, -aininen bright -blue, clear blue 
[sky, taivas] ; sky-blue. 

haiakka bright [color, vttri] ; striking; clear; 
(kuulakka) limpid, transparent [liquid, 
neste] ; ks. myOs: heUI. 

haiaOtoratal Ascension Day, Holy Thursday. 
-pAA U.-pAlnan . . with mountings (1. fer- 
rules), -waikaa Whitsun(tide) (bon)fire. 

belays brightness, clearness; limpidness. 

helei bright [color, vftri], clear; (sointuva) 
ringing [voice, &ftni; laughter, nauru] ; (he- 
leftnklrkas) crystal-clear [liquid, neste], 
limpid; hmiman kuulakka ilma limpid air, 
transparent atmosphere, clear sky; clear 
weather. haiaA- (yhd.) ks. kirkas-. 

helaAn- (yhd.) »» hsiakan-. -kelUinen bright 
(1. intense) yellow, -kirkaa clear as a crys- 
tal, crystal -clear, limpid; brilliant; halaan- 
kirkkaat Mdmat brilliant eyes. 

helaAsilmiinan bright -eyed, . . with spark- 
ling eyes. 

helelaU brightly; ringingly, sonorously; 
clear as a bell 

heleAOvArinen bright -colored; brilliant. 
-AAninan clear- voiced. 

Heloolanti Hel(l)goland. 

halinA tinkling, tinkle; (kilinft) Jingle; clink - 
(ing); laBian ^ Clinking of glasses; rahan 
(\. rahoimn) ^ clink of coin, Jingle of money; 
Bymbaalimn ^ tinkling of cymbals; vrt. 
sana^. haliaaminan ringing; Jingling, tink- 
ling; clinking. helfaavA tinkling. Jingling, 
clanging; halisava pomM (raam.) sounding 
brass; vrt. helskyvl. haliaUIIA clink [coin, 
rahoja] ; Jingle [a bunch of keys, avain- 
kimppua], tinkle; clang; (kalistella) clank 
[one's chains, kahleitaan], rattle, heliataiv 
clinking, tinkling, clanging; (kalistelu) 
clanking, rattling, hallstin rattle; (kol- 
mio-) triangle. 

helisU clink, clang, ring; (kilisttt) Jingle, 
tinkle; (kalista) clank, rattle; /oatna hmH- 
aamaan (kuv.) get (1. be) up against it, 
get into trouble; on HmtismmaMsa, on joutu- 
nut hmliMmmaan is up against it, is in a 
(sad) plight, is in a bad way. heiiatimfnan, 
halistU ks. hoUstely, helUteUlL 

haikavirsi a song sung at Whitsun- fires. 

halka clang, clink, ring. 

helkkari: kelkkarin hy«a deuceddy) good: 
hmlkkartMMa the dickens! the deuce! miMsa 
hmikkaritaa mna ol«t of/of where the dickens 
have you been? 8ia HmlkkariMma sita Ue for 
mercy's (1. goodness') sake, don't do it! 

halkkyvi ringing [laughter, nauru], sono- 
rous [voice, ftftnl]. helkkyA ring, sound; 
(esim. harppu) twang. helkytallA, helkyttlA 
twang [a guitar, kitaraa; on a banjo, ban- 
Joa] ; hmlkytmlia hillaa harppuaan touch 
one's harp; kalkyttaa savfiaan (lintu) 
warble, halkytya play(ing) : (harpun y. m.) 
twanging; (Ilverrys) warble; Mtiainen hml- 
kytys touching. 

helkAhdya clang, clink: ringing. helkAhtU 
clang; clink; (soida) sound; twang. 

hella range; vrt. kaaau^, kelttitf-* y. m. hei- 
la(n)uunl (kitchen-)range. 

hella heat (of the sun), ardor; sun; (kuunia 
ilma) hot weather; pitkaaiktanmn ^ pro- 
longed hot weather; polttatfOMsa kelfaMsa 
in a burning (1. scorching) sun; e«'«e«fan 
halt99M»a in the beat of (the) battle (1. 
conflict). 

hallaani (hist.) Hellene, Hellenian. hallaani- 
lAinan I. (a.) Hellenic. 11. (s.) Hellene. 

haliahtIA feel compassion for. pity: vrt.hellllL 

hallalA 1. (heltyii) grow (more) tender. 



h«IIIUlli 



— 88 — 



iMlpOtUt 



soften; relent; 9. (helUtA) get (I. come) 
loose, loosen; Black(en), relax. 

helllUilA fondle, pet; (hemmotella) coddle, 
indulge, pamper. 

hellitUmittAmyyt persistency, perseverance, 
assiduity; (lujuus) firmness, steadfast- 
ness. helllUimittAmltti persistently; firm- 
ly, steadfastly; unremittingly; untiringly. 
hellittamitAn persistent; persevering, as- 
siduous; importunate; (Idlbkea) fervent; 
(luja) firm, steadfast; (herkeftmAtOn) un- 
remitting; (v&sym&tOn) untiring. 

hellittii (irrottaa) loosen, relax; (laskea 
hOUftUe) slack; (pftftstftft irti 1. menemUn) 
let . . go, let . . loose, let . . slip; (mer.) 
ease off (1. away) ; (kuv. — antaa per&&n) 
yield; (lakata) cease, stop; <« oCfMnM let 
go (1. release) one's hold; relax (1. relin- 
quish) one's grasp (1. bold), loosen one*s 
grip. 

hellltl (irtautua) get (1. come) loose; nil- 
kunnan aikana) work loose, loosen; (her- 
vota) slack(en), relax; (pftftstA hOllemmftl- 
le) become loose, slip; give way; (antaa 
perft&n) yield; (heltyA) soften, relent; A«l- 
Hsi itkrnnU&n ks. hsltyl; kddt hmlHdvMi 
the hands release their hold (1. loosen their 
grip), the hands let go; kSysi hmitigi the 
rope (he) came loose. 

hellia (heliasti hoivata) take great care of, 
fondly cherish [a child, lastaj; (helUtelia) 
fondle, caress; (hemmotella) pet; (rakas- 
taa) be fond of, love; (sftftlift) feci com- 
passion for, commiserate, pity. 

heliua bend; shake, sag, quake, rock. 

helluntal Whitsuntide, Pentecost; hMnnttdn 
aikana at Whitsuntide, -pyhit Whitsun- 
tide. -pilvA Whitsunday; toinan haUantai' 
pitfotfWhit(sun) -Monday, -vilkko Whitsun- 

hellyttli move [to tears, kyyneliin (1. itke- 
mft&n)], touch, soften: (lepytt&&) mitigate, 
propitiate; (taivuttaa) persuade; (tehdft 
araksi) make . . tender (1. sore), hellyyden- 
osotut token (1. proof) of affection, en- 
dearment, hellyyt (tender) affection, ten- 
derness, fondness; softness, gentleness; 
(kivusta Johtuva) soreness, sensitiveness. 

heiia tender [heart, sydftn; com, liikavar- 
vas] ; affectionate, loving [husband, avio- 
mlesj, fond; (pehmsrt) soft, gentle; (arka, 
kipe&) sore [place on one's foot, kohta 
Jonkun Jalassa], painful, sensitive; /oUm 
ttmtnu kmlimta (l. on haUanM) the foot 
feels (1. is) sore (1. tender). 

heili- (yhd.) tender- [esim. ^laikainmn ten- 
der - footed ; -sydSminmn tender-hearted ] . 
-Jaikainen (myOs:) . . with tender feet, 
(Jonka Jalat ovat hell&n&) foot- sore. 

heliaktipaleltunut chllblained, chilblainy. 

helli|luontoinen, -mlelinen tender (-hearted); 
vrt. tuntsollhien. 

helfAatl tenderly, affectionately, fondly. 

hellilituinen tender-mouthed, tender to the 
bit. -tydaminen (myOs:) tender, affection- 
ate, -tydimiteeti tender-heartedly, -tydi- 
mityyt tender-heartedness, -tunteinen ten- 
der; sensitive; (tunteellinen) sentimental. 
-tuntelsMtf tenderly, affectionately, -tun- 
teituut tenderness; sensitiveness, -varoin 
1. -varoen tenderly; gently, lightly; (varo- 
vaisesti) cautiously, carefully. 

helma (lleve) hem; skirt; (svli) lap; (povi) 
bosom; [ottaa Joku takaisln] kirkon hmt- 
moan [take one back] within the pale of 
the church; luonnon h9lma9»a in Nature's 
bosom, close to Nature's heart, on the lap 
of Mother Earth, out in the green fields; 
y6n h9tmaM9a In the bosom(l. lap) of night. 
-lapti babe in arms, baby, infant, -eynti 



bosom (1. besetting) sin; secret sin; (lie- 
vemmin:) foible. 

helmehtiA pearl; (Juomlstapuhuen:) sparkle; 
myOs — seur. h^lmellia (form) bead(s); 
stand in beads; hikipUarat hatmaiUpMt M- 
■Mfi otaaiiaan the perspiration stood in 
beads on his forehead. 

helmenlmuotoinen pearl-shaped, pearly, 
beady, -pyynii pearl -fishing, pearl-diving. 
-vArifien pearl -colored, pearly (white), 
(helmenharmaa) pearl -gray. 

helmeatyt — h«lm«npyyntL 

helml pearl; bead; haimitii fkty kaalmkatiu 
pearl necklace, rope (1. string) of pearls; 
vrt. hikl'*. iasi'* y. m. 

halm I- (yhd.) pearl (-) [esim. 'koriMta pearl 
adornment; -«mpWa« pearl -embroidery]. 
-kaiastua ks. halmenpyyntL -kana guinea- 
fowl (1. -hen), -kuu February; k^mikaan 
paliankmnaam the Revolution of February. 
-lauta abacas, (Jkpv.) counting-frame, 
-fwuha string of pearls (1. beads); (ru- 
kousnauha) rosary, -ryyni: kolmiryynaSM 
pearl-barley, pearled barley: pearl-sago, 
-timpukka pearl-oyster; pearl-mussel. 
-Uulu ks. hslmlUute. ^uhka (kaupp.) 
pearlash. -vyd string of. pearls. 

halmillnan mother-of-pearl, helmiiianappi 
pearl button. 

halmua hem; skirt. 

heloailmllneii bright-eyed. 

halottaa shine; (s&teill&) beam, be radiant 
[with Joy, ilosta], be Ughted up With; kM- 
nan kaavonaa kMoitivai tyytyoMMyydaatd 
his face was lighted up with contentment. 

helpl (kasv.) reed canary-grass. 

halpolmmin most easily; nat^ *^ with great- 
est ease, helpommin more readily, more 
easily; sooner; kalpommin aanoitu kuin 
tmkty easier (1. more easily) said than done. 

helpoati easily, readily; without difficulty; 
with ease; (plan) soon; [se on] '^ korhHu 
[it is] soon (1. easily) fixed; ^ akiaitaoi»' 
Ma aiava easy to manage, tractable; '^ aula-' 
va (ruoasta:) easy of digestion, easily di- 
gested, (very) digestible; *« ayityvM in- 
flaounable; <*' wmoktuoa easily forgotten. 

helpota become easy (1. easier), be made 
easy (1. easier), be facilitated; (hlnnasta:) 
become cheaper, go down. 

helpoitaa 1. (tr.) ease [the load, kuormaa], 
facilitate, make . . easy (1. easier); slacken; 
(lievent&a, huojentaa) mitigate [a p.'s suf- 
ferings, Jonkun k&rsimyksi&] , soothe [the 
pain, tuskia], alleviate, allay, relieve; (an-, 
taa pera&n) yield; (alentaa) lower, reduce 
[the prices, hintoja] ; moderate [one's fig- 
ure, nintaa]; 2. (itr.) grow less, abate; 
subside, go down; lessen; kmappiaa ai kal» 
paitanut (kinnaata) manHiSkSan the Store- 
keeper would not come down (1. would not 
give in) one cent on the price; aada «l nMy 
kalpottaoan the rain seems not to be easing 
up (1. seems to keep on) ; aada "* the rain 
is easing up (1. is not coming down so 
hard now), the storm is slowing up; «r- 
ddntMni "» I feel lighter of heart. I breathe 
more freely again; tuaka '^ the pain abates 
(1. is growing less) ; tuakan kalpattamUakai 
to relieve the pain; tmU ^ there is a lull 
in the wind, the wind is going down (1. 
subsiding 1. abating). 

halpottamaton incessant, unremitting [pain, 
tuska]. halpottua be facilitated, be made 
easier, become easier; be mitigated, be re- 
lieved; abate; vrt. helpota. helpotua re- 
lief; (huojennus) ease, alleviation; (hlnto- 
Jen) reduction; kalpotukaan kaakaua [hm- 
nm] a sigh [a feeling] of relief; antaa kal- 
patnmta kinnaaaa make (1. grant) a reduc- 



— 89 — 



li«ng«np«l«ttui 



(too In Vtub price; «i 

■jii— ■!! DO lUo^nrances are made. 

Mppt easy [XmOl, tebt&v&l ; (Ualpa. tauokea) 

cte9. low Iprice, Hintal ; Hmlw^Ma ks. oUa, 

rancaistvs mild pimlSllineQt; '^ 

(ruoaslao easily ^l^ested, very 



(UfesUble; MbMlU on UmU^^ K^ppoa every 

Uibc comes U. XblnKS come) easy to bim 



Uaoi M '-' pUsta f afcai«ln It is an easy 

matter tor blm to %%\ l>aclL; mm on hmlppo 

uk teMa tbmVs easy enou^n O- easy to do). 

Ml»»»- (ytML) easy lo , . . easUy . . -ed 

lesim. -koitaiiMn easy lo manage, easily 

mnased; -liifck«iMon easy to set (1. easily 

«el) to motion V -l%lntalnen cheap; hmlppth. 

lit dam oiyMbttS entertainment at popu- 

Vir prices; haippmhh^mU%mn pminoB Cbeap (1. 

popular) edition, people's edition, -hlntai- 

taet cbeapneas; popular price. -kiyttAI- 

Me easy (to manage). Handy. 

Htlppoeea ka. b^lpoto. 

Mppelaeuuilnen Ugtit, easy to puU; h^lppo- 
Ill, Ugrht 



row-boat. 



an easy boat to pull. 



-taiulnen easily comprehended 
(I. anderstood). easy to understand; (kan- 
santajulnen) popnlar [lecture, lueatoj. 

I i rt pp oea ease, easiness, facility; (buokeus) 
clie^Hiess. 

NeWnki Helsingfors. 

hetolie clatter; rattle, rattling; clank; rahm- 
3mm '^ clank of coin(s). heiaiiyieili, hela- 
kyttU (make a) clatter [with ..], rattle; 
Jingle; (kalskuttaa) clank; (soittaa) twang 
[the biaip, harppuaj . play on; InUm hmimhy^ 
tmOM hmm mmtm bang the loom in weaving. 
helikyttely, helakyttiminen, haiakytya rat- 
tlingf clattering; clanking; (harpun y. m.) 
twanging. helakyvA ringing, sounding; 
twanging; kmUkyvM mmitto a burst of music; 
kmlukyvMi trmmaH high-sounding phrases; 
hai^^vM Uppmamimmmi Jingling rimes, mu- 
sical (1. melodious) riming. heiakyA (make 
a) clatter, rattle; clank; (helistft) Jingle; 
(sdtosta:) twang. 

iMlaaiMelli - h»l«fcglitil. helakihdya Jin- 
gle, clink, clang; (sonorous) sound, hela- 
Jingle, clink, clang, ring; twang; 
IMmm clangingly; vrt. heiilitll. 
sultry [day. pftivft], hot; (palnos- 
tara) oppressive; ^ hminSkmam pMivM a 
(biasing) hot July day. beiuiteeti sultrily, 
scorchmgly. helteiayya sultriness, oppres- 
siveness. 

HeltiamaUNi ks. hefUttimattfa. heitlil kS. 
hmliitJL 

f^mn^m fkjmalirmutlli) wtttle, {tletj rsrun- 
fte: f^ifinlim y. m.) pUl imya^: teflr»allnnim 
-i^): (barja-> comb. h*ltumaEn«n plfl-ltkL^: 
rf»mti Iik4>'. I»tlitati«fll agaric ^ AWrt»t#n«t 
tlll - ttiuiih rortiTi ^ , ( k a."^ V , ) A irart ciw: tis? . 

hallymlnee ^^oftenlnif. rt^ientlnir: vrt. htiltv- 
wiwti, h«U)rm*ii&nny)^t unrelentlnfrnes^, 
jfif(%Aril»illt}\ heJtymitan unrelenting', U)- 
finrablii: vrt UipumAton. 

fMlifl rrow ti^iTtlr^r, ^ofieiv, rfsleni; (tuJIn 
«r«k«L iTmi^U i>(jhuenr) fjecomp tender, ^^% 
•fir*; null* JMKiitenik?l> i>e mmeii (i. 
loarhM>, v(t hiiltrl: - Hk*mMn (\. it- 
ibant I kyynmtiin} be jtkjvocI to t^nrs. mfilt 
mt4f (]. tic ilKwflv^il in) tear^; Min tanti 
hmttjvinmii fl, tydSmtnsti heUyvant hf" f*>lt 
hU iK'irl ^jftrni jaUt htltycM the t^H tf*'t 
mt* : mimH h*Jtyy aial^tUwMii , . one S h^^rt 
Is *ofl<»ii**(l<l relerits>at me thought nf - . 

h«lTe hii%k: il?*fiv ) sralo. lairilrm. laineUfl: 
^njrjiko) lob^: http^wt huflk^ cHafr 

|»»r»«^ilitn*n InrAmil, be! VI 4b: vrt. tjirul linen, 
h*|v«tdrt>(on« mftnjai tnaruine. hewettl h^MI. 
htivmtin rnhttaam pTltire oF clurknf^sf^: A*rf- 

p#f*n ta*k*t vt^Ui^ at h«il i T. of the Jiainned> ; 
mtft* h^lffttH^n vt» to ttell! 



hely (koriste) spangle, tinsel; (helistin) rat- 
tle; hmiyt trinkets, personal adornments; 
two'hm n m ikmi w im hmlyiU gewgaws, baubles, 
trinkets, -lewv (mus.) cymbal. 

helihdalli be ringing; Jingle, tinkle; sound; 
vrt. h«UUitll. helAhdya clang; (kumeampl) 
clank (myOs esim. rahan); (kilahdus) 
clink, tinkle; (yleisemmln) ring; UaUun 
hmiShdys sound of singing. helihdyttU 
(cause to) ring, clang; sound; tinkle; 
(esim. harppua) twang; (kajahduttaa) 
strike up [a song, laulu] ; hun Ifiahdytti 
UuHnrnm pyytMakmmmn hUiminatttm he tapped 
on his glass for silence. 

helihtU ring, clang; (kllahtaa) Jingle, clink; 
(kuulua) sound; '•' kmuniilta be sonorous, 
ring fine. (esim. nlmi) sound well; HSni '*> 
fmHUtM^UM the voice sounds like steel. 

heliJifA ringing [laughter, nauru], clang- 
ing; (sointuisa) sonorous [voice, a&nlj; 
(kalkuva) resounding, resonant. 

halAti fprees. h^lSfan) ring; sound; (kai- 
kua) resound [with. Jostakin]. heliyttii 
ks. hslMhdyttXJL 

hemmotolla coddle, (over) indulge, pamper; 
(hyvftillA) pet. fondle; '^ pilmttm (I. piMlU) 
spoil (by coddling); (pilalle) hmmmotmltu 
tmpai spoiled Child; h^mmott^lmnwUm pilmttu 
spoiled (by indulgence), hemmotteieminen, 
hemmottelu coddling, (over) Indulgence; 
petting, fondling. 

hemorroldl (perftpukama) pile(s). 

hempeys sweetness, graclousness; (sulo) 
charm(s), grace(s); (herttalsuus) loveli- 
ness; (vienous, pehmeys) softness, gentle- 
ness; (hellyys) tenderness; (kukoistus) 
bloom; nmimMitfn '-^ womanly sweetness, 
feminine charms, hempei sweet, dulcet 
[tone, sointiil. mellow; (suloinen, herttai- 
nen) charming, gracious, graceful, lovely; 
(vieno) soft, gentle; (hellft) tender, affec- 
tionate; HmmpmMi •av«f«e mellow tones, 
sweet melodies; hdn on hmmpmimunHtUMn 
She is in her bloom; iuonto on hompoim- 
mUttMan nature Is at her loveliest. 

hempeillmieliiien tender (-hearted), -mleif- 
ayyt tenderness (of heart), tender-hearted- 
ness, soft-heartedness; affection. 

hempelstl softly, gently; (hellftsti) tender- 
ly; (suloisestl) sweetly, charmingly, beau- 
tifully. 

hempeisydAminen tender(- hearted). 

hempponen (elftint.) gray linnet. 

hempukka sweetheart, (Jkpv.) best girl. 

hengeilfnen spiritual; (uskonnollinen) re- 
ligious, sacred [concert, konsertti]; (pa- 
pillinen) ecclesiastical [order, sftftty], cler- 
ical, ministerial; «« mimty (myOs:) the cler- 
gy. henoellisMti spiritually, henoellityyt 
spirituality; (uskonnoUisuus) religiousness. 

hengenliahdittut shortness of breath; dim- 
cult breathing; (laak.) asthma, -aula matter 
of life and death; vital question ; vrt. hengen- 
rikos. -elatue (means of) sustenance, sub- 
sistence, -heimolainen kindred (I. congenial) 
spirit; affinity; ho ovat hengenhoimolaioia 
they are kindred spirits, -heimolaituut con- 
geniality of mind (1. soul) , spiritual affinity. 
-heltto [one's] last breath; death (strug- 
gle), -hitu breath of life; niinkaaan knn 
tninuaom on honmonhituakaan (iStioUU) as 
long as I have a breath of life in my body. 
-hAti deadly fear, mortal terror; (myOs « 
hMgenvaara; oi oittU ntitaSn hongonhUtHS 
oio (Jkpv.) that's no matter of life and 
death, no particular hurry with that; oila 
hongonhddMosU be In danger of one's life, 
-lahjat mental (1. spiritual) endowments 
(1. gifts), intellectual gifts, talents; (aiy) 
intellect. -lAhid (day of one's) death; one's 
last breath, -pelastut life-saving; (yhd.) 



Ii«fig«npiafi 



— 90 — 



iMnklpatto 



ks. peUstus*. -piUf i ks. UmaBpitivlL -rikot 
capital crime, -tuou product orx>ne*s g'en- 
ius, product of the mind, -vaara danger or 
death, (deathly) peril, mortal danger; oiia 
hmngmnpomroBMa he In danger (1. peril) of 
one's life. -vaaraiiiii«n perilous [enter- 
prise, yritys], dangerous; mortal, deadly 
[wound, haava] ; murderou". -vaaralliMttf 
perilously; mortally [wounded, haavottu- 
nut]. -vaaraliituut perllousness; peril; 
deadliness. -veto breath; yhdmmtd hmngmn- 
vd0—m In one (1. in a single) breath; oii- 
m^Ummn hmngmnvtoon »makka to one's last 
breath, -vuoro breathing-space, time (I. 
chance) to breathe. 

h*no«ttAinyyt (kuv.) lifelessness, listlessness. 

henoetir genius (pi. genii); tutelary god- 
dess; (suojelushenki) guardian spirit; 
vrt. haltUtar. 

h*no«tAn lifeless; (kuollut) dead. 

h«nolile||p«no (1. v.) census, -pantu regis- 
tered as residing [in .., Jossakin], resi- 
dent IJn ..]. 

h*nolsMol«va living; . . alive. 

hengitin: (tav.) hen^ittimmt organs of res- 
piration, respiratory organs. henoltUmf- 
n«n breathing, respiration. 

henoittii breathe [heavily (1. deep and 
heavy), raskaasti] ; (esim. kasveista:) re- 
spire; ^ itmaa tUysin kmuhkoin (my<)S:) 
take a deep (1. a full) breath; ~ raitista 
ilmaa breathe (in) the fresh air, get a 
breath of (fresh) air; ^ giMiiiinimii) breathe 
in, (tiet.) inhale; ^ afo« breathe out, (tiet.) 
exhale; oitm hengittUmMttH hold one's 
breath; vrt. hsngMhtlUL 

henoityt breathing, respiration; (henkl) 
breath; h9ngity9tiUin pidMmn (\. pidSHS- 
•n) holding the breath, breathless (ly); 
k9inofkoin9n '^ artificial respiration. 

h«noityt||«lin respiratory organ, -harjotu^ 
breathing-exercise, -lai tot respirator, -reiki 
breathing-hole; (J&ftssft, esim. hylkeen) 
blow-hole. 

henoAhdye breath, gasp; yhdmlld hmngdh- 
dykmmtta in one (1. in a single) breath. 
henoAhtii breathe, take (a) breath,- fetch a 
breath, get one's breath; gasp; (levflhtfti) 
rest; antaa hmvoMtmn hmngUhtdH let the 
horses breathe (1. have a breathing-spell). 

hengAetymlnen shortness of breath, breath - 
lessness. henoAetynyt out (1. short) of 
breath, breathless. henoAetyt >-> henglUty- 
minen; fnosta its^naH hmnt&Mtyktiin run 
oneself out (1. run until one is out) of 
breath. hengAttyttAvA . . which causes 
difficulty in breathing, taking away the 
breath, breathless [speed, nopeusl. hen- 
OAetyttAA take away the breath, put . . out 
of breath, make . . breathless. hengAetyA 
get out (1. short) of breath, become breath- 
less, lose one's breath. 

henkevyye animation, vivaclousness, vivaci- 
ty. henkevA animated, vivacious; intelli- 
gent; (sielukas) soulful; kmnkmvU kattm 
animated expression: kmnkmvUt ailmSt vi- 
vacious (1. animated) eyes. henkevAtti in 
an animated manner, vivaciously; intelli- 
gently. 

henki spirit, (Joskus:) ghost; (hengitetty 
lima, hengtthdys) breath; (elftmtt) life; 
(henkil^) person: (lima) air; hmngeUUiin 
ks. maksaa; [riittflft tuskin] hmtiMmn piti- 
mikH [is barely sufficient] to keep body 
and soul together; [oila, pysyft, pftftstaj 
kmngiMsS [be, keep, escape] alive: henken- 
»U mdmBta for one's life, for dear life, to 
save one's life; k€nk9naii kauptdla (\. nkal- 
la) at the risk of one's life: hmnkeS kohti 
. . a head, per head, each i^esim. m« saimme 
kaksi doUaria h^nkeH kohti (niiesta kohti) 



we received two dollars each (1. a head) ] , 
apiece, (esim. Juhlapldolssa:) a plate; hmn- 
kmsan pidim^U^n holding one's breath, 
breathless [huom. odottivat hmnkmSan pi- 
dSimllmn were in breathless expectation] ; 
hmnkUn kS. herAttAA, jAttAA, JAAdA; hmnki 
oU h lUhUnyt life was already extinct; 
a/on '^ the spirit of the time; kirjan ^, 
Mrlmmma valtitsmva *^ the tone of the book ; 
olfa kmngiUS /mmMh be registered as a 
resident of (I. In) ... be liable to taxation 
m (1. at) ..; pyha ~ the Holy Spirit (I. 
Ghost) ; mimttd cU vUH k^nkmU five persons 
were present there, there i^^ere five people 
there; «l«/e« mi hmngimma pSase (myOs:) 
you cannot go there and live. 

henkielAmA spirit life. 

henkienOmaiiaaJa (esilnmanaaja) enchanter: 
(poismanaaja) exorcist, -manaue (eslin- 
manaus) calling up (of) spirits; (poisma- 
naus) exorcism. 

henkihieveri: oila hmnkihUvriS have only 
a spark of life left, be Just alive. 

henki in DherAttAJA one who revives (1. re- 
vived), reviver. -herAtye (esim. hukku- 
neen)* resuscitation, restoration; (etup. 
kuv.) revival. -herAtyeyrityt (hukkuneen 
y. m.) attempt at resuscitation. -herAAml- 
nen resuscitation, coming to; (kuv.) re- 
awakening, revival. -JAAnyt I. (a.) sur- 
viving, n. (8.) survivor. 

henkilklrja census list; list of taxpayers. 
-kirjotue (1. v.) census, -kirjuri 1. -klrjot- 
taja government clerk [in Finland] whose 
duty It Is to prepare census lists and su- 

Eervise collecting of taxes, -luettelo » 
•nldldrja. -lUkArl (perhelftftkftri) family 
physician; kaninkman hmtUdUUA&ri physi- 
cian in ordinary to the king. 

henkiid person; (erlkoisesti huomattu) per- 
sonage; (yksllO) Individual; hmnkUSt (nayt- 
telemftssa) cast (of characters), dramatis 
personaB; oMianomaiMmt hmnkiUt (lllk.) the 
parties concerned; hiafHMinmn '^ histor- 
ical personage, person (well-)known In 
history; iotkut hmnkUBt (myOsr) some peo- 
ple; kuttlniaa ^ an illustrious personage; 
ndytmiman htUkiUt the cast (1. Characters) 
in a play, (lat.) dramatis persons, henkl- 
lAittAA personify, (Im) personate, tienki- 
IditymA personification. henkilAltyA be- 
(come) personified. 

henkildllkohtainen personal; individual, -koti- 
taieetti personally, in person; kSn vmivoi 
sita hmnkilSkohttdmrnsH he attended to that 
personally (1. himself), -kunta the em- 
ployees; (tait.) personnel; konttorin [po- 
lilMiUdtoksmn] hmnkllSkunta the Office fthe 
police] force; tmhttmn [tmattmrin] hmnkitS- 
kunta the employees (1. the force) at a 
mill (1. of a factory) [of a theater], -liike 
passenger traffic. 

henkildllinen personal. henkildmuutot 
change in the cast (I. force 1. staff, vrt. 
henldlBlnmta). 

henkilmaailma spirit (ual) world, world of 
spirits, -meno: henkimanosaa (oUva) en- 
tirely overcome, ready to drop [with fa- 
tigue, vftsymyksestfi], on the point of col- 
lapse. 

henkinen mental, intellectual, spiritual; ^ 
ravinto food for the mind, spiritual sus- 
tenance; '^ tyS intellectual (1. mental) 
work; hmnkiMat kyvyt mental (1. intellec- 
tual) powers. 

-henkinen (yhd.) . . of . . persons (1. people) 
[esim. viUi^ . . of five persons (1. people) ; 
huom.: vHti'^ komitma a committee of 
five] : vrt. my(Js: •itkei'*', vakeva'*' y. m. 

henkinolento spiritual being, spirit, -patto 
I. (a.) outlawed, proscribed. 11. (s.) out- 



ipoa-tax« npitctioii (tax) 
Celilot.) alr-bUdder. -r«IU alr-bole.iestin. 
tynnmn) Tent-bole :in a cask, etc.: ; air- 
esciVM; rrt. h— aiti ir^ilr 1 

lieaklMaU mentally JnteUectaail7;sptiitiial- 
ly. iMMlilayya aplrttuailty; tnteuectuaiity. 

iMAklittMl Tent-plur» vent -per. writ 
(tbe)naat stni»rl«: •Mm ktmkiUvtium»m 
be breatblnr one's last, be at tbe point of 
dealb, strugtle (L rrapple) witb death, be 
In tbe last aronies. -«arvl windpipe: 
(anat) tracbea: hm m kit m rvmm t ^ mk dma bron- 
cbitls Hpakuuttaa write a life insurance, 
insare; ktmkipwkmttitnu Hm^mtS insure one's 
UTe. 

hanfcivakuiiuia Ufe insurance: (Bnrl.. myOs) 
life assurance, tlaiiea (life) Insurance 



tl — 

piiin\ • liiifc III TnyrtOlUn. k«pllttftn: 
shake ooe^s rtst, one's stick: at one. 

^lw^■t■■l■^^ i. » immiliMfiM; i. <kor- 
nen) pricking up. 

IwHt Oi 1. 



arcnt. -kirja (Ufe Insurance) policy. 

wm (life insurance) premium. -ylitW life 

Insurance company. 

iMMfcilvartiia, -v«tlo body-rnard: lire- 
guard, -vartloviki (lire-)g'uards; ks. kau> 
tL -vero ks. kcdUraha. 

iMMfcit breathe; rrt. Imolraa. 

I w kei n ii (kiel.) aspirate. 

h ffc gtlti suspenders, braces. 

h iw k iirl Tent-per (l. -plur). 

haiik iiaa draw breath, ret one's breath, 
breathe, rasp, heiikiitv breath: rasp. Iieii- 
Uya breath: (tuulen) puff, waft: mmmM 
fmttim kibmm k€mkM^kBmn§M pmak^ttmmi 
(myOs:) her breath fanned (1. touched) 
my cheek: tmmUm hmnkMym breath of air. 
puff of wind. 

iMiMMa have the heart to . . , find It In one's 
heart to . .; km m mmmmttm kmrMitSM hSttiM 
without liklnr to wake him up; mn hmmm- 
mmi tmkdM bHM I had no heart to do It. I 
could not bear to do it: vrt.niyOs:nskaltaa. 

Inw ea i l tenderly, softly; delicately, finely; 
vrt. hcBto. 

h— B f (prees. hmmfnmn) rrow tender; be- 
come (more) slender (1. delicate). 

Nenrik Henry. 

befits delicate [child, lapsl], tender [plant, 
kasYi]; (kasvultaan) slender [form, varu- 
lo], thin; (pleni) ttaiy; (helkko) feeble, 
weak. 

iMiitalBilelinen tender-hearted. soft-hearted: 
emotional, -mielisyyt tender- (1. soft-) 
heartedness. -rakentelnen of slender build. 
slender, delicate; (hinteli) slim. 

hentoue delicacy, tenderness; slendemess; 
▼rt. hcBto. 

llMittu ks. iMmpokka. 

hep* » h«vwMB. -kctil (eiaint.) rreen rrass- 
hopper. locustld. -tatti (kasv.) boletus. 

h tpria H^rew; m m hMmmttm hmprmom It Is 
all Greek to him. hepeealainen I. (a.) 
Ilebraic(al), Hebrew, n. (s.) Hebrew, hep- 
realalaapietola Epistle to the Hebrews. 
hepreankleli Hebrew. 

Iiera (juusto-) whey. 

iMfahtaa trickle, drop; percolate: <« ««llf« 
(\. wMkyrnHm) OOze out; vrt. valahtaa. 

Iieraliien wheyey. herajuutto cottare- 
rheese. heramalnen wheyisb. herautua 
turn to whey, ret (1. ro> wheyey. 

here: kn^itim ks. saattaa: hmrmillM oiUMaamn 
when (1. while) awake; hmr^mman) awake. 
In a wakinr state; Ma hmrmiUS be (1. lie) 
awake; pHM htmkuim hmrmiUU keep one 
awake; vrt. v«lve(llla). 

heeeU ks. h«r|«ta. 

berei (runsas) abundant, copious, plentiful. 

herhilftliien hornet, herhilllapea hornet's 
nest. 

her let elewiwn, herlately threateninr, shak- 
Inr [one's fist, etc.] at. 

bariatalli: -^ Joa^kattm [nyrkkilULn. kep- 



shake a (1. ooe*s> nnr^r (warnlnrty) 
at one; i. •^ kBrmmam prick (up) one's ears, 
cork Qoe's eMri, 

harja 1. (a.) irnolMntouS. wirkad, mean. n. 
(s.) (nukka) wretch: (beriaus. h*p«i) m- 
sult, contumely: tw k^fa that wr«lcb: 
tbe villain! 

harjM^ reviier: (parjaaJa) detractor, de- 
famer; (pyhyyden-) blasphemer, raller. 
harjMMiMii reviiinr. reviiement: defama- 
tion. barJa«va abusive: libeUDous :wnt- 
inr. kirjotus' : defamatory: kttjmmmm tmm- 
tmm Of libelous (1. defamatory) character; 
k§r fmmn ^mkttu^u (tnyOS: k iti mt wH m^ m ) 
abusive lanruare. harjaftVMil abusively, 
llbelously. 

harjaininl abusive name (1. epithet). Mw a 
abusive (1. insultinr) word; Invective. 

harjau abuse, revile, traduce, calumniate: 
rail at; (parjaU) defame, detract; (pllkau 
pyhia asioita) blaspheme. 

herjaua abuse, reviiinr, reviiement. calum- 
niation: defamation: dak.) libel. -Halu 
desire to abuse, -haiuinen likely to abuse, 
abusive, -kirjo abusive letter, -kfrjoiue 
libeKous article); (pilkkakirjotus) lam- 
poon, -flimi ks. herjaahnL -euhe abusive 
speech, denunciation, -runo libelous poem; 
lampoon, -eana ks. kerjaeana. 

herjeti (prees. kmrkmMn, A«Hke«MM) cease 

[to -inr], stop [. .-Inrl. desist, (tau- 

Ota) come to a standstill: (ruveta) berin, 
set about, take to i drink. Juomaan]; '^ 
hmtkekai Stop for a moment, pause; '^ /flf- 
Imii juommmn fall Ihto one's old habits of 
intemperance, start drinklnr arain. ro 
back to drinkinr: ^ ImiakmkMi rive o.s. up 
to laziness [huom. kMn on kTJmnmyt Im9- 
kmkai he Is takinr it easy] ; ^ amtmmmMtm 
cease (I. stop) raininr; A«rA«« /o stop 
that! enourh of that! 

herkeiminen ceasinr, stopplnr: (loppu)en(l. 
heekeimitti incessantly, unremlttlnrly; 
without Intermission (I. cessation), with' 
out ever leavinr off; (alituisesti) constant' 
ly. steadily. heekeimittAmyye unremtt- 
ttnrness; persistency. heekeimittAmiati 
incessantly, unremittinrly. herkeimitAn 
incessant, unceaslnr. unremlttlnr. never- 
restinr; (keskeymfttOn) uninterrupted; 
(Jatkuva) continual; (alitutnen. kestftvft) 
steady, constant, perpetual. 

heekistyi become (more) sensitive (1. deli- 
cate Jne.. vrt. herkkX); herkistynyt sensi- 
tive, delicate. 

herkku delicacy, dainty; (herkkupala) dain- 
ty bit. titbit; h9rkttt delicacies, dainties: 
«• H oilut mitSlin herkktn that was no 
dainty morsel: tUmUMn on h9rkkaa why. 
this tastes rood (1. fine). 

harkkuiila ks. herkutella. herkkuinen, herk- 
kulsa ks. herkullinen. 

herkkuHkauppa delicatessen -shop, -pala 
dainty bit. choice morsel, delicacy, titbit. 
-pAyti table loaded with delicacies, lux- 
urious table, -ruoka dainty food; (mlell- 
ruoka) favorite dish; hTkkurtioat table 
delicacies, -tienl (kasv.) ararlc; oikea 
h9rkkuMUni common (cultivated) mush- 
room, (ransk.)champlrnon: tap€Jlin9n hmrk- 
kuMieni horse -mushroom, field-mushroom. 
-auu sweet tooth; epicure; ro(u)rmand. 

harkkyys sensitiveness [to, Jollekin] ; sen- 
sibility, susceptibility: vrt. herkklL 

harkki sensitive [balance, vaaka: disposi- 
tion, luonne]: (etup. hcnkllOistttO sensl- 



h«rkkAitkuin«n 



— •« — 



iMrpaiitunifi 



ble [to, jollekln]» impressionable, impressi- 
ble; (arka) delicate [conscience, omatunto; 
ear for music, (musilkki)korva], tender 
[heart, sydftnj; (altls) prone, prompt, 
ready; (vastaanottavainen) susceptible; 
liable [to disease, taudllle] ; (talpuvalnen) 
disposed, inclined, apt [to . .] ; <« joUmhin 
sensitive to [cold, kylmftlle], susceptible 
to [all good influences, kalkille hyvllle 
valkutteille] : *« iotakin UkmmUSn apt to 
[go mad, suuttumaan; gret stout, lihoa- 
maan], prone to [angrer, suuttumaan]; 
disposed (1. quick) to [take offense, louk- 
kaantumaan], easily (1. readily) . .-ed 
[eslm. ^ itk^mM&n easily moved to tears; 
'^ taukkamn t u m aan easily Offended; ^ p«- 
IdatymUUbt easily frigrbtened] ; "» Imukma- 
maan (pyssy) fine in the trigger; ^ pmliU' 
tymaUn (myOs:) timorous ; ^ 9uutttunaan 
(myOs:) Irascible, touchy; ^ MyttynMnlLS, 
herlriUtisyttyvi; ^ uni light Sleep; ^ mu- 
kuttmittm open to Impressions, susceptible, 
impressionable; hUn on '^ ioukkamntnmaan 
(myOs:) he takes offense readily, he is 
ready (1. quick) to take offense; iapstms 
on ^ fkmik9niaiBHU) vdlkuHmaU Childhood 
is an Impressionable period. 

herkkADitkulnen easily moved to tears, 
ready to cry. -korvainon . . vith a delicate 
(1. keen) ear [for ..]. -luontoinen easily 
affected; susceptible, sensitive; emotional, 
tender-hearted: sympathetic; Impulsive. 
-luontoiaeati susceptibly, sensitively. ->liion- 
toituuo susceptibility, sensitiveness; emo- 
tionalism; impulsiveness. ->luuloinen (herk- 
k&uskoinen) credulous; gullible, -mlelinen 
delicate; sensitive; emotional; impulsive; 
(herkkfttuntoinen) tender, susceptible; 
(pehmeftmielinen) soft-hearted, -opplnen 
quick (to learn), smart, -tuinen ks. hellK- 
•uinen. -tydiminen ks. horkkMmlolinen. 
-tydimftyyt soft-beartedness, susceptibili- 
ty; emotionalism, -tunuinen, -tuntolnan 
sensitive, easily affected; impressionable; 
(hienotunteinen) delicate; (arkatuntoinen) 
tender; on hmrkMtwttoinmn (myOs:) has a 
tender conscience, -tunuisetti, -tuntoieet- 
ti sensitively; delicately. ^unUltuut, -tun- 
toltuua sensitiveness, susceptibility; deli- 
cacy: tenderness, -uplnen 1. (helpostl nuk- 
kuva) easily put (1. sent) to sleep; S. (her- 
kftsti herflftvA) easily awakened, light 
sleeper; «ofIafnon HmrkMuninmn ktdn hSn 
•i voi ,, such a light sleeper as he is, can- 
not . . . -unity Ut: h&n9n A«rMtfanj«aat«n- 
«a 99litti .. the fact that he was a light 
sleeper accounted for . . . -utkoinen cred- 
ulous; confiding; (narrattava) gullible. 
-utkoiteati credulously; unsuspectingly. 
-utkoituut credulity, credulousness; gul- 
libility. 

herkullfnen delicious [ fruit, hedelmft], dain- 
ty, choice; sumptuous [repast, ateria], 
luxurious [table, pOytfl]. herkullfaetti de- 
liciously, daintily; sumptuously: hTkuili- 
M9sH kai9ttwi p8yt& luxuriously spread 
table, table loaded with luxuries (1. deli- 
cacies), herkullituut dellclousness, dainti- 
ness, delicacy. 

herkuteila fare sumptuously; ("pitttH hyvift 
pftivift**) make o.s. comfortable, take it 
easy; (hekumoida) live (1. revel) in luxury. 
herkutteleminon — herkuttelu. herkuttell- 
Ja sweet tooth; epicure; go(u)rmand. 
herkuttelu sumptuous fare, revel In luxury. 

herkisti sensitively, susceptibly; (helpostl) 
easily, readily; (kevyesti) lightly. -Ilikku- 
va mobile, light, -tuuttuva touchy, irasci- 
ble, -tyttyvi (very) inflammable. 

hermeettlnen (ilman- 1. hengenpitavA) her- 
metic (al). 



hePflllO nerve; AormoOfo kMypB, Aormo/c ei- 
risyttSoM agitating to the nerves, nerve - 
shaking, nerve-racking (1. -rending); Jbor- 
mo/c kUhattmHi (L itnyttMvM) irritating to 
the nerves, grating. 

hermo- (yhd.) nerve- [eslm. ^kmskuM nerve- 
center; 'ktMdoM nerve -tissue; -coin nerve - 
cell; 'Maim nerve- fibre], nervous [esim. 
'hmikkouM nervous debility; 'koktmoM nerv- 
ous attack; 'tarMkdym nervous shock], -hal- 
vaut paralysis of the nerves, nervous apo- 
plexy, -helkko weak-nerved, nervous. 

liepmoJa[karkalaeva 1. -vahviatava . . that 
strengthens the nerves, bracing; tonic; 
stimulating. Invigorating. 

hermoflkaivo nervous membrane; (silmin) 
retina, -kimppu bundle of nerves, -kipu 
neuralgic paln(s), neuralgia, -liika nerve - 
tonic; nervine. 

hermonpAi end of a nerve. 

hermoOaalraa . . with diseased nerves; 
(Ift&k.) neurotic, -eolmu (anat.) ganglion. 

hermotto nervous system. 

hermoatua get (1. become) nervous, har- 
moatumlnen nervous irritability; nervous- 
ness, hermoetunaeatl nervously, harmoa- 
tuneituue nervousness; nervous tempera- 
ment, hermottunut nervous; fidgety; (4r- 
tyinen) irritable; kmrmottmut mimiimlm 
state of nervous excitement (1. tension), 
high-strung condition, hermostua nervous- 
ness; nervous excitement, harmoatuttaa 
make . . nervous, set [one's] nerves on 
edge, key . . up, irritate; cause nervous 
irritation; grate upon; mimm ke rm m atuli m m 
kMnmn aUtuinmn naikutnkMmnta I am Sick Of 
his continual nagging, his contmual naggmg 
makes me nervous, hermottuttawa nerve - 
trying, nerve-racking; irritating (to the 
nerves); exciting, hermostuwa: Mpoatf 
kmrmostmrn easily agitated (1. excited 1. 
upset). Irritable, excitable, hermoatuval- 
auua nervous irritability. 

hermolairky neuralgia. -Uuti nervous dis- 
ease; (hermohelkkous) nervous debility. 

hermoton nerveless; unnerved; myOs — hor- 
votoB. hermottomaati, hermottomuua ks. 
horvottomasti, horvottomuus. 

hermoltulehdua (Iftak.) neuritis, -vanytya 
nerve -stretching. 

herna pea; Aornooe peas, (vanh.) pease; 
^•m««n paiko kS. homopolko; vrt. myOs: 
hiki«. herneenmuotoinen pea-shaped. 

herneUjauhot ground peas, -kaavi legumin- 
ous plant, -keltto pea soup, -kukka pea- 
blossom, -maa pea- field. 

harnamilnen pea-like. 

herneiipAiko pea-pod, peas(e)cod; (kasv.) 
legume of the pea. -palto pea- field, field 
of peas, -puu: aipmriaitdnmn Jbomopmi Si- 
berian pea-tree, -rokka (green) pea soup. 

harpaannuttaa ks. horpanttaa. 

harpaantua get lame, be lamed, become un- 
nerved; (halvaantua) be(come) paralyzed 
(myOs kuv.); (hOltyft) grow lax, slacken; 
(veltostua) flag, languish; vrt. horpantua. 
harpalaava paralyzing [effect, vaikutus], 
crippling; (lamaannuttava) slackening, re- 
laxing, harpalata paralyze, cripple; (tehda 
hervottomaksl) unnerve; (lamaannuttaa) 
slacken [the interest, mielenkllntoa] , re- 
lax, weaken, herpauttaa paralyze, cripple 
(molemmat myOs kuv.); stun; rtehdft her- 
vottomaksl) unnerve; (heikentAft) weaken, 
debilitate; enervate [the body, ruumls; 
the mind, mlell]; (hOllentftft) relax [the 
discipline, kurll. herpautua be stricken 
with lameness, be paralyzed (myOs kuv.); 
(lamautua) slacken, abate, relax; (veltos- 
tua) droop, languish, grow weak, lose 
strength; vrt. pnutua. harpautunut para- 



— «3 — . 



iMfiUii 



lysed, lime: (puutimut) numl); vrt. 
POTitnmrt. li«rpoiitu« ks. h«rvot«. harpoii- 
tiMMit limp, languid [Interest, mlelenklln- 
to], enervated; lax; (puutunut) numb, 
(ikpT.) . . ^ne to sleep. 

hm w rentleman; (yli-, korkea ^) lord; 
(lainti, mestarl) master; (arvonlmenft tal 
pnliuttetiisanana sukunlmen edessA:) mis- 
ter iklrjotettaessa alna lyb.: Mr.], (pu- 
Inittelusanana, ykslnUn:) Sir; kmmdn po- 
Ai^M men's clothing; Hmrrm Jummlml good- 
ness gracious! dear me! good heavens! 
Hmrrm JC. Mr. K.; Hmrrmn nimmU for Heav- 
en's sake! good heavens! [huom. mit& 
Bmrrmm m'iwi«i ahttolmtkaan (myOS:) 
what on earth (1. In the world) are you 
thinking of? ] ; Herrmm nkmaa the Lord's 
prayer; H^rrmn tMhdmn for goodness' (1. 
heavoi's) sake! HTrm Pr^imsMmH A. (klrje- 
osotteessa:) Professor A.; Hmrrm thmmtkamn 
bless me! good heavens! Hmrrm ti^si, mim- 
mS Ma tmmm pmtolmhiU heaven knows Where 
be is loafing (1. hanging out), I haven't the 
least (L the faintest) idea where he is 
loafing; hmrrmi A^ B, A Co. Messrs. A.. B. 
* Co.; kmrrmt fm tmlwnpohi the gentry and 
(the) peasantry; ^^ fhtori (puhuteltaes- 
sa:) Doctor; mikmtmtkm hmrrat iShteU minif 
are you going there (1. do you intend to 
go there), sirs (1. gentlemen)? mian A«r- 
raOkai live like a king, live In great state 
CL grand style), live in clover; Engianti on 
I mrV m mm tmmrmUM England is mistress of the 
seas; [en ole nihnjrt sinua] monoon Hor- 
rmm vtm f ^ m (L ^kUn Hmrrmn aikoihin) 
[I bavent seen you] for many a long year 
(L for an age) ; olfa ofno Aorronoo be one's 
own master (L boss), depend on nobody, 
be Independent; eoloM ^ jm rauva the mas- 
ter and the mistress (1. the man and the 
lady) of the bouse. 

iMrraiMen: '^ mttm (buudahduksena:) good- 
ness gracious! good heavens! dear me! for 
all in the world! (llmalsten ihrnettelyft:) 
what in the world! 

Herrainlhttoflie (valt.) upper house; (Engl.) 
tbe House of Lords. -piivAt (hist.) diet 
(of Lords). 

(ylpei) lordly; overbearing. 
tl lordly, herramaltuua lordli- 
overbearing manners (1. ways). 

^iinen (kirk.) ks. ohtooOlnoB, 2. 
life of a gentleman. 

harraskalMfi gentlemanlike, genteel [ap- 
pearance, ulkonikO] herratkaisotii like 
gentlefolks, genteelly, herraakalauua gen- 
tUlty. 

harraslkarlaiio manordal estate); country- 
seat, -luokka gentry; (ylftluokka) upper 
class, -miea gentleman, -nalnen gentle- 
woman, lady, -perhe gentleman's family; 
(slvistsrnyt) family of refinement, -eeura 
(L V.) polite society, people of refinement, 
better circles of society, -elity gentry. 

lierrMtaa. herraatella (elift herroiksi) live 
like a lord: (klvellft mahUvastl) strut 
(like a lord); ImrrmttMm lmimmtfmmttmi9M4i 
stmt In borrowed finery, herrattua learn 
to put on airs; learn to be a gentleman. 

iMrraaviki gentleman's family; gentlefolks, 
gentry; (palvelljaln puheessa:) master and 
mistress; Ma pmivmlmm oHUOIl hmrruav&M^ 
mmwiim She is serving in a country gentle- 
man's family; h» hmrraav^Ud oimrfeooo If 
you please (, ladies and gentlemen). 

hsrratew without a master, herrauo author- 
ity, dominion, lordship; (herrasvalta. yll- 
vaUa) supremacy, mastery, tierruuo » 
horratts; ^ JMmtm /« ktatimmmn hmrmua 

power over life and death; ihmi»en hmr- 



•taintmm yii man's dominion over the 
animals. 

Hertaegovlna Herzegovina. 

hertu (korteissa:) hearts, hertta- (yhd.) 
. . of hearts [esim. -ihuu'ngao king of 
hearts; -reima queen of hearts]. 

herttalnen sweet [girl, tyttd], lovely, nice; 
(rakastettava) amiable; (hurmaava) charm- 
ing [hostess, emftntfi]; (miellyttftvft) 
pleasant; ^ pSivM lovely (1. pleasant I. 
nice) day. heKtalteeti pleasantly, in a 
lovely manner, sweetly; amiably, herttal- 
■uua sweetness, loveliness, pleasantness, 
amiability. 

hertlamainen heart-shaped; (kasv.) cordate. 

hopttua duke, -kunta duchy, dukedom. 

hertiualllnen ducal. heKtuatar duchess. 

herua trickle; (tippua) drip; dribble: (tih- 
kua) ooze (out); "* kaiviin drain, be(come) 
drained; ^ U9da (kuv.) come in gradually; 
antam tynnyrin ^ drain the barrel. 

herukka (vllnimarja) (red) currant. 

herumlnen trickling, dripping; draining. 
heruttaa drain; (antaa tippua) ca'i'^^e to 
drip (1. trickle); (pusertan^ draw (forth), 
press out. squeeze out (little bv lutle); 
heruttaa mmitoa Imhm&MtH Strip the cow. 
heruttamlnen draining; (gradual) drawing 
forth; (lehmftn) stripping. 

hervahtaa sink down exhausted, collapse; 
fall inert, drop; (esim. kasveista:) droop; 
hMnmn kiUmntS hmrvmhti tdoM his arm fell 
inert, hervahtamlnen collapsing, falling 
inert; drooping. 

her vote 1. => herpautuo, horpaantua; 2. 
(puutua) grow numb, be(come) benumbed, 
(jkpv.) go to sleep; 3. (pOkertyft) be 
stunned (1. stupefied). 

hervoton limp [body, ruumis], inert; (puu- 
tunut) torpid, numb; (halvautunut) par- 
alyzed, lame (myOs kuv.); (heikko. voi- 
maton) weak, feeble, faint, enervated; 
(lOyhl) lax; (veltto) slack, languid; (halu- 
ton) apathetic; viUymykse»td ^ exhausted, 
tired (1. worn) out. hervottomasti limply. 
Inertly, lamely; torpidly; feebly; languid- 
ly, hervottomuua limpness, lameness, las- 
situde; torpidity; feebleness, impotence; 
laxity: apathy; vrt. hervoton. 

herinniinen pietist. 

herannaisyys, horanneisyya revival; (hist.) 
pietism, -liike pietistic movement. 

herate anything that awakens or stirs (up) ; 
impulse; stimulus, spur. herAttija one 
who awakens jne., vrt. horittHX. horatta- 
minen waking, awakening; quickening. 

herattaa wake (up), awake, (a) waken [old 
memories, vanhoja muistoja; a p.'s com- 

I passion, Jonkun sftftlitt]; (a)rouse [aston- 
shment, Ibmetystft; sympathy, myottttun- 
toa], raise [hopes, toivelta; a storm of in- 
dignation, suuttumuksen myrsky] ; excite 
[envy, kateutta; fears, pelkoa], provoke 
[laughter, naurua]; (synnyttttft, alheuttaa) 
call forth [a storm of applause, mlelty- 
myksen myrsky], create [dissatisfaction. 
tyytymftttOmyyttH; suspicion, epftluuloa], 
cause [uneasiness, levottomuuttal , occa- 
sion; hmHUtakmi minut kello kundmltm wake 
me (up) at 6 o'clock! (Jkpv.) call me at 
six! '^ jossakussa Joku a/oeoc suggest an 
Idea to one, prompt one with an idea 
[huom. «o hmrUtti hSnessU nmrokkaan afa- 
tuh»9n (myOs:) it wakened (I. roused) an 
ingenious idea in his head] ; '*' oloon wake 
to life, rouse, quicken, revive; '*' Jossakussa 
•nnakkoiualoia jotmknta kohtaan prejudice 
(I. bias) one against a p., set one up against 
a p.; '*' hmnkiin restore [a drowned, huk- 
kunut], resuscitate, revive, vrt. '-> oloon; '^ 
httoiim cause anxiety (1. worry I. apprehen- 



htpityt 



— 04 — 



slons) ; ^ hwmioia arouse attention, (Henkl- 
lOstA:) make o.s. conspicuous (1. notorious) 
[huom. hmrStti m^tkoiMta huomiota (myOs:) 
occasioned considerable remark; h€rStti 
tavatonia huomieta created a sensation] ; 
^ i^/«#n ks. ^ uudestaan; ^ Joku iUrkiin- 
bU (saattaa) bring: one to his senses; ^ 
kauhua ihmigiBBa (myOs:) Strike terror to 
people's bearts, make o.s. dreaded; '^ fcoof- 
iBiBta raise from the dead; "^ kyBymyB ks. 
nofttaa; "^ Jossakussa luottamuBta inspire a 
p.'s confidence; ^^ pBlkoa loBBokuBBa in- 
spire one with fear, intimidate one; ^ p«- 
teiumkaiBta knnnioituBta loBBohuBBa fill (1. 
impress 1. inspire) one with awe, awe one; 
^ wmBBta rouse from sleep, wake up; '^ 
Jossakussa uBkaUusta inspire one with cour- 
age; ^ tandBBtaan «/oon revive, revivify, 
five new life (1. impetus) to, reawaken 
the interest, entinen mielenkilnto], rouse 
ag'aln; ^ vUkkaoBmmn toimintaan rouse to 
activity; toip^a hBrUttUvii hopeful. 

heritya waking*, rousingr; (kuv.) awakenlngr, 
arousingr, stirring: up; vrt. beriitt&miiieii. 
-huuto alarm. -k«llo alarm-clock; (Engl.) 
alarum, -kokoua revival (meetingr). -taar- 
naaja revivalist, evangelist, -aana reviving 
(1. stirring) word. 

haria awake [from (1. out of) sleep, unes- 
ta], wake up; (Joskus:) awaken, arouse 
[from torpor, horroksista; to a sense of 
sin, synnintuntoon] ; (uskonnoll. merk.) 
become spiritually awakened, be converted; 
hBrUBin hUnmn HnutponBa I was awakened 
by (1. I waked at) his cries; hBrHtmBBiiian) 
on waking (up), when he woke up; -^ 
«/oon (kuv.) wake to life, awake(n); ^ 
harhaltndoiBta be disillusioned; ^ hBnkiin 
wake to life (myOs kuv.), come back to 
life; be revived, revive; -^ huotnaamaan 
lotakin wake up to . . , become alive to . . ; 
'^ itaUBn reawake(n), revive; «n hBrHnnyt 
afoiBBu I overslept (myself); hUnBn miB- 
iBBBaan hBrUBi BpmtyB, mttS .. his mind 
misgave him (1. he had misgivings) that . .; 
UkkiU MnBBBU hBrUBi ajatuB, BttU . . sudden- 
ly the thought occurred (I. came) to him, 
that . . . 

heriiminan awakening; (harhaluuloista y. 
m.) disilluslon(ment): kanBoUinBn [uBkon- 
no//in«n] ^ national [religious] awakening. 

hetale fringe; strip, shred; A«eaf««e fur- 
belows. 

het« 1. (Ifthde) spring, well; 2. <= heteikkS; 
vrt. my6s hede. 

hetMllinen (kasv.) stamlnate, staminifer- 
ous; vrt. hede-. 

heteikkd mire; (hyllyvft) quagmire, morass. 

heteinen (yhd.) . . with . . stamens [esim. 
kakBi'^ With two Stamens; mom^ with 
numerous stamens] ; (Joskus:) . . -stamened 
[eslm. ykBi^ solitary-stamened] ; (tiet.) 
. . -androus [eslm. ykBi^ monandrous; mo- 
ni'^ polyandrous]. 

heti Instantly, immediately, forthwith, at 
once, directly; (plan) shortly, presently, 
^ (kohta) kun as soon a.s, (Joskus:) di- 
rectly; '^ paikaUa Instantly, this very mo- 
ment, on the spot, there and then, imme- 
diately, without delay [huom. e«« «« HbU 
paikalla do it at once (I. this very instant) ! 
do it right now!], hetikiin ks. mhesk&l&n. 
heti(m)mit«n as soon (I. as speedily) as pos- 
sible, as soon as I [we, youl can, at the 
first opportunity; shortly, at an early date; 
immediately, in a minute. 

hetid (kasv.) the stamens, andrcecium. 

hetkellinen momentary [delight, huvl] ; 
(lyhytalkalnen) . . of short duration, short- 
lived; brief; (ohimenevft, haihtuva) pass- 
ing, transient [gleam of hope, tolvon sR- 



de], transitory; (tllap&lnen) temporary; 
vrt. Mtunnainen. httkalllsMti momentari- 
ly; transiently; temporarily; (hetkeksl) 
for a moment, for a short time (1. while). 
hatkalliayya short duration, briefness, mo- 
mentariness; transitoriness. 
hatki (lyhyt) moment, instant; (ep&m&irai- 
sempl) while; (Joskus:) minute [eslm. vH- 
mB hBtkBBBU at the last minute], hour 
[esim. onnBn hBtkiU happy hours: vmarun 
hBtkBlIU in the hour of danger], time; 
HBtkBkBi for a (1. one) moment, for a 
while; hBtkBn (for) a moment; hBtkBn 
aikaa a few minutes (1. moments), a 
while; hBtkBn kBBtUvU a moment's, mo- 
mentary, . . of short duration, brief, pass- 
ing, transient [eslm. Byntyi hBtkBn kBBtUvS 
SMnBttBmyyB a moment's (1. a brief) si- 
lence ensued] ; hBtkBn lapai the sport of 
the moment, an impulsive person; hBtkBn 
(aslaa) miBtittyiUin after a moment's con- 
sideration; [noudattaa] hBtkBn pMAhanpiB^ 
tola] [follow] the spur (1. the impulse) 
of the moment; hBtkBn ty6 the work of an 
Instant; hBtkBBBM In an instant, instantly, 
in a minute; hBtkBt (tav.) hours, (Joskus:) 
moments, times; [pauhu kasvaa] ^ hBt- 
kBtta [the roar is Increasing] momentarily, 
(for) each moment; ^ on twdtnt CI. tySnyt), 
ioiloin .. the hour has come (1. struck) 
when . .; ^ BittBn a (little) while ago, a 
moment ago, a few minutes ago [huom. 
myOs: itmri ^ BittBn this very (1. Just 
this) minute]; Bi hBtkBnkUdn (I, hBtkBU- 
kOSn) rmuhaa not a moment's rest; nUttM 
hBtkBiia tahanBa (at) any moment, every 
moment (1. minute), any minute, mo- 
ment(arl)ly; oikBoUa hBtkBllM at the right 
moment (1. Juncture), In the nick of time; 
onnBiliBBlta hBtkBitS at a lucky moment (1. 
Juncture); onnBttomaUa hBtkBllM (pahaan 
alkaan) in an evil hour; ratkaiBBvaUa A«e- 
kBiia at (1. in) a critical (l. a decisive) 
moment. In the nick of time; HitU hBtkBBtd 
l&htiBn from that moment on, from that 
very moment; bHIU hBtkBttd at that mo- 
ment, for the moment; tHUd hBtkBlU (at) 
this (very) moment, during this very hour, 
(nykvaan) for the time being. Just now; 
vrt. hartaue'*', JoutO'*', lepo'*' y. m. 
hetkinen I. (s.) little while, moment; hBtki- 
BBkBi for a little while; odota '^ wait a 
moment (1. a minute)! II. (a.) (hetkelli- 
nen) momentary, brief; (plan haihtuva) 
passing, transient; BiitS on vain hBtkiBtM 
iloa it win bring only momentary (1. a 
moment's) happiness. hatkit«llan, hatkit- 
Uin, hetkitUiain at (odd) times; by 
snatches, by fits and starts; whiles; 
(ajoittain) at Intervals. 
hetkua (hytkytt) Jog, Jolt; (kelnua) swing, 
seesaw; (notkua) quake, shake, rock; 
(huojua) sway; (horjua) totter, stagger, 
hatkuminen Jolting; shaking, rocking; 
swaying; tottering, hetkutalla rock [o.s. 
(1. one's body to and fro), ruumlstaan], 
sway; wag; hBtkntBlla pUUtiUin sway one's 
head (to and fro), wag the head; kUvBUS 
hBtkntBlla waddle. hatkutua rocking 
(walk); swaying; (kftvelytapa) waddle, 
hetula (valaan) plate of whalebone: hBttaiai 
(plates of) whalebone, ("kalanluu") ba- 
leen; vrt. hetale. -valaa whalebone -whale, 
right whale, 
hevilli, hevin easily, readily; «i '^ not easily 
(I. readily), only with difficulty; iolI«e 
hBvilla hBllitU «. if you don't let go of 
your own accord . . . 

hevonen horse; (ponl-) pony; (sakklpellssA) 
knight. 



— 05 — 



hUno 



(yHd.) . . of a horse, (a) Horse's 
[eslm. 'hmrim mane of a horse, a horse's 
raane; -hmrim hoof of a horse, a horse's 
hoof; 'psa head of a horse, a horse's 
bead], horse- [eslm. 'loimi horse-blanket; 
-vMte horse -hide] . -hoitaja hostler; groom. 
-Mnti tail of a horse, horsetail, horse's 
taiL -jMihl horsehair. -kangittAJi horse- 
shoer; isepph) blacksmith, -kengitya horse - 
shoetng; olacksmithlng'. 

teavoaankaliki horseshoe, -naula horseshoe - 
nail. 

t i w oaa n l— Iki horseback: hwo9€namUim9ii 
(on) horseback; «/mi A«0o««n««ltfMa go on 
horseback, ride; amtua (tdmrn) A««ye««n««- 
Usta get off a horse, dismount. -tuntlJa 
(rood) judge of horses (1. horse- riesh). 
-vaihto swapping (1. trading) horses; (he- 
vosen muutos) changing (of) horses, relay 
(of horses). 

I w r— (yhd.) horse- [eslm. -harapa horse- 
rake; -Jbutan/c horse-chestnut; -tanta 
horse-manure; -paras horse-thief], -haka 
pasture-ground for horses; (pieni, tallin 
Tieressi oleva) paddock, -hoidonneuvoja 
(L V.) state veterinarian, -hoito care of 
horses, -huljarl horse-trader; Jockey, -hul- 
iaiM horse-trading; Jockeying. -Jalottut 
Dorse-breedlng. -Jalostuayhdittya horse- 
breeders' association, -kaakki hack; (van- 
ba) Jade; vrt. hevoshiusluu -kaartl horse - 
-kjUppA ileaKirift'> \n Tior:^fiS. 
piB* hur-o-ij[f'fil< I *t(«ngAnmyotoin«n 

m. If in- -h«nl utUi} hark: Ukpv.;i tiiiUc 
-huorma i iiit toml, lr>ml Tot a hurtif. 
^ffU: httfixtkyydiito by rrlay, (Anji'Tj by 
Maffet-^'oa/.tM. -fctfpinwi mrr^striy. hnrs^e- 
iirit, mp{>ob<>s^iEi rny>. -juMiii« j^th*. 

(Jlrpv.) ■ rood- for not lit ri*r old tiflR, o[J 
ra^sTboties (L ratllebtmi'^). -lailiiiyi Uuvj 
borM-Oose. -liikiPi rior^e-aortor, veipiii- 
mtrw (I- -nariAni; (vanii.) f&rrier. -mmrk- 
kliMil Tiof^-fAin -mlM ho rep man: vr^ 
r^ti^umiet, Wtiylill (kllV. = tavatun riniEHti) 
prK^iUgmus (I. great) memory. -niytUly 
horse -show. -fMUvityA day's work for (a 
man and) horse, -raltlotle horse -car line, 
(Engl.) horse -tramway, -rotu stock (1. 
breed) of horses, -•litoa horse-breeding. 
-«uk« currycomb. -ialli stable (for horses), 
(horse -)bam. ^iuntlja ks. hcvoMntuntiJa. 
-voima horse-power, -voimalnen horse- 
power; S-hmP09Voinuunmn (of) 3 horse- 
power [tav. lyh.: 3 H. P.]. -viki cavalry; 
vrt. rmtmnrgld. 

hiaiein (kovasin) whetstone; (partaveitsen-) 
hone, (nabasta) strop. 

HMm slow [in (1. of) payment, maksa- 
maan; at one's work, tyossAftn], tardy, 
dilatory; (llikkeissaAn) sluggish; (lais- 
kuuttaan) slothful; ^ kMsHtdmUUn slow 
(of comprehension), slow-witted, stupid, 
dull; [bin on] ^ mmhrnnmamn (myds:) [he 
is] slow pay; «« Buuttum aan Slow to an- 
ger; ^ tmkmmMMn tyStd slow (at one's 
work); Mtmln mskeiin With Slow steps, 
slowly, at a slow pace. 

liMaslaiaiukslnan slow of thought, slow- 
thinking (1. -wltted). -Juokauinen slow 
[stream, virta], sluggish, -kulkuinan slow 
(horse, hevonen; train, juna] ; . . going at 
a snail's pace. -Illkkainan slow (In its 
movements), sluggish, slothful, -luontol- 
na«i phlegmatic, languid; sluggish, tardy, 
dilatory; (saamaton) awkward, -opplnen 
slow to learn. 

Mtfaataa delay; retard [the growth of . . , 

eikin kasvua]; (vlivytt&A) detain; (eh- 
Isti) check, restrain; vrt. hidastuttaa. 



hidaataminan delaying; retardation, hldaa- 
talava dilatory, tardy, slow, sluggish, 
slothful, hidaatalija laggard, hidaatalla be 
slow (1. sluggish 1. tardy), be dilatory; 
delay; linger, tarry; loiter; hidaafli pub- 
tatBBMoan was Slow to answer, hidaitua 
(tulla hltaaksl) become slow(er); (viivtts- 
tyA) be retarded, be delayed; (v&hetfl) 
decrease, grow less, diminish; (ehkftlstya) 
be checked; Mdaatunut delayed, (mydh&s- 
tynyt) behind (1. after) Its time; junain 
kalktt on MdoBtunut lumi€Btmid9n ttJtia the 
trains have been delayed by snow; M hi- 
doBtuu the work is made slower (1. Is de- 
layed), (hAiriytyy) the work is interfered 
with; pimhti MdoBtua the speed slackens, 
(vfthenee) the si;)eed diminishes (1. grovs 
less), hidaatua delay (ing), retarding, retar- 
dation, detention; (vauhdlny.m.) slackening. 
hidaatutiaa delay; retard; (vllvyttAA) detain, 
keep; (hiljent&a) slacken; (hllllta. ehkftls- 
tA) stop, check, hold back; MdoBtuttaa 
BBkBt9itaan Slacken one's pace. 

hldaaQtuumalnen phlegmatic, slow-witted, 
slow of thought, -verinan phlegmatic. 

hieho heifer. 

hIekanDpltolnen sandy; arenaceous, -aakal- 
nan mixed with sand, sandy; (eslm. ruo- 
asta:) gritty, -virlnen sand- colored. 

hiekka sand; (karkea) grit. 

hlakha^ (yhd.) sand- [eslm. -kuoppa sand- 
pit: 'lafti simd-pile; -mUki sand-hill] ; . . of 
saml [(^sirlu -hariu ridge of sand; -iypU- 
(n#n> gf-ain of sand; •fc«rro« layer (1. stra- 
tum) or ^EiTid; -tain heap (l. pile) of sand] ; 
(iLlekkaJneii) sandy [eslm. -karju sandy 
rhlKre: -Ricml sandy point], -aavlkko 
(sandy) tiesert; sandy waste; sands. 
-hauda <kem.) sand-bath. 

hiakkalnan sandy; gritty; (hiekansekainen) 
mixed with sand. 

hlakkaBkangaa (sandy) moor, heather, 
heath; (mAntymetsAA kasvava) pine -bar- 
ren, -kello hour-glass, -kivl sandstone. 
-klvllouhoa sandstone quarry, -kumpu 
mound (1. hummock) of sand; sand(y) 
hummock, -kiytivi gravel -walk, -maa 
sandy land; (maan laatua tarkottaen:) 
sandy soil, -multa sandy loam, -numml 
ks. hiekkakangas. -paper I sand -paper. 
-pohJa sand(y) bottom; (joen) sandy bed. 
-pohjalnen . . with a sandy bottom (1. 
bed), -ranta sandy shore; beach; sands. 
-rantainen . . with sandy shores, -rlutta 
reef of sand, shoal; sand-bar, (kapea) 
spit of sand; vrt. seur. -tlrkki sand- 
bank, shelf of sand; (kapea, Joessa:) sand- 
bar; (matallkko) shoal. 

hiakottaa sand, strew (1. sprinkle) with 
sand; (eslm. puutarhan kAytAviA) gravel; 
hiBkptmttu Mytapii (puutarhassa y. m.) 
gravel -walk, hiekottamaton not sanded; 
not graveled, hiekottaminen, hiekotua 
sprinkling (1. strewing) with sand, sand- 
ing; graveling. 

hiaman (Just) a little [longer, pitempi], 
somewhat; slightly [better, parempll, 
very little; Insignificantly. 

hiano fine [taste, maku] ; (hienosti puettu) 
finely dressed, fashionable [lady, vallas- 
nalnen] ; (ohut) thin, slender, (hento) 
delicate, subtle, nice; (muhkea) elegant: 
(ylevA) noble; (pehmeA) soft [skin, hi- 
piA]; (hienorakeinen) fine-grained; (hie- 
nostunut) refined; ^ hmrra (hienosti puet- 
tu) finely (1. elegantly) dressed gentle- 
man, (Jkpv.) swell; '^ Myti>B polished (I. 
refined) manners; ^ lanka fine (I. thin) 
thread; "^ pwJn fine (1. fashionable) dress; 
hiBnokBi ks. Jauhaa, vetKK. 



hl«no- 



— 06 — 



hllhto 



hitno- (yhd.) fine- [eslm. 'hampainmn rine- 
toothed; -karvainmn flne-balred; 'pUrtmi' 
n«fi fine -featured; 'rmk^inmn fine-grained], 
-aittinen .. with (1. Having) a fine (1. an 
exquisite) taste, -hipiilnen . . with a 
delicate (1. soft) skin; (ihonv&riin n&hden) 
fine - complexioned. 

hianolnen =- hieno; lonhin '^ as fine as . . , 
of the fineness of . . [eslm. mlkin'^ as fine 
as silk, . . of the fineness of silk]. 

hienofljuovalnen . . with fine (1. narrow) 
stripes, narrow -striped. -Jyviin*n fine- 
(1. small-)grain(ed). 

hienoksua consider . . too fashionable (1. 
stylish 1. fine) (to suit one), (Jkpv.) con- 
sider . . too swell (for one). 

hi*iiollkuorin*n .. with a thin shell (kellos- 
ta: case), thin-shelled, -kirklnen . . with 
a fine point, . . drawn to a fine point, -ma- 
kulnMi flne-tastlng, delicious, . . of a fine 
flavor. 

hienommuua greater fineness (1. delicacy 1. 
softness); finer texture; more exquisite 
elegance. 

hienonhieno very (1. extreniely) fine; super- 
fine, hienonnettu reduced to a pulp; pow- 
dered, pulverized, hienonnua « hienonta- 
mincii. 

hienonlnlkftlnan fine-looking (1. -appear- 
ing), -puolelnan rather fine (1. thin Jne., 
vrt. hieno). 

hienontaa make . . fine(r) ; (Jauhaa hienok- 
si) grind fine, reduce to a pulp, (reduce 
to) powder, pulverize; (murentaa) crum- 
ble; (survoa) crush, hienontaminen grind- 
ing fine; reducing to a pulp; pulveriza- 
tion; crumbling; crushing. 

hienontua become fine(r), become (1. grow) 
thin(ner) ; (jauhautua hlenoksi) be pulver- 
ized; be reduced to a pulp (1. a powder); 
vrt. hienostua. hIenontuminMi pulveriza- 
tion; (kuv.) ks. hienofttuminen. 

hienopiirt«in*n . . with delicate (1. fine) 
features, fine -featured. 

hieno8t«liJa fop, dandy; dude; snob, hienoa- 
t«lla act affected, show off, (Jkpv.) put on, 
swell it. hianoat«iu showing off, acting 
affected; affectation; dandyism; snobbish- 
ness; «• on turhaa himnott^lua it iS empty 
(1. useless) affectation, it is foolish put- 
ting on (airs). 

hienosti finely, nicely, delicately; (ohuesti) 
thinly; (muhkeasti) elegantly; ^ pu^ttu 
elegantly dressed, well-groomed; ^ mvU' 
tynyt finely educated, . . with a fine edu- 
cation, highly cultured, (tavoiltaan) .. re- 
fined in manner(s), refined. 

hienoato people of fashion, the smart set, 
the fashionable world; (kerma) the cream 
of society, the elite, the upper ten (1. 
crust), the Four Hundred. 

hianostua become refined (1. polished); 
(Jkpv.) get swell, hlenoatumaton unrefined, 
unpolished, hienottumlnen refinement, 
hienoatunut refined, polished; subtle 
[taste, maku] ; MmnosHmmMt tmfoi refined 
(1. polished 1. elegant) manners, hienostua 
refinement; polish, elegance; tiika hi€n09- 
tu» overreflnement, too much polish. 

hieno Qtuntainen very sensitive; conscien- 
tious; considerate, thoughtful of others; 
refined, -tuntoitetti very sensitively; con- 
scientiously; considerately, with consider- 
ation, -tuntaisuut (over) sensitiveness; con- 
scientiousness; consideration: refinement. 

hienoua fineness, delicacy; elegance; thin- 
ness; vrt. hieno. 

hienovlilalnen fine-wooled [sheep, lammas], 
. . with fine wool. 

hierautua ks. bieroutiuu 

hiaplnkivi (maal.) slab. 



hlaroa rub [one's eyes, silmi&ftn] ; knead [tbe 
muscles, lihaksia]; (l&&k.) massage [a 
patient, potllasta; a knee, polvea]; (han- 
gata) chafe, gall; ^ haappma bargain [for, 
Jostakin], try to make a bargain, try to 
come to terms [with one, Jonkun kaossa], 
(Jkpv.) dicker [about (1. over) . .] ; ^ kM- 
BiaHn ks. hykertlK; ^ rmuhaa negotiate (1. 
treat for the terms of) peace, carry on 
peace negotiations; ^ movintoa kahdmn 
hmnkUBn vSUltm try to conciliate (1. try to 
make It up between) two persons; ^ onl 
•itmiwtiUbi rub one's sleepy eyes, (Jlcpv.) 
rub the sleep -seeds out of one*s eyes; Mn- 
g€t MeroMt Aeveeefi kmdaa the collar galls 
the horse's neck. 

hiaroolyfl (kuvakirjotus) hieroglsrphic. 

hlaroja one who rubs (1. kneads 1. gives 
massage); masseur; (-nainen) masseuse, 
hiarojatar masseuse, hiarominan, hlaronta 
massage, rub(bing), kneading. hlarotlaM^ 
hlarotuttaa (itseftan JoUakulla) have a p. 
give one a massage; himrotiai)taa mmOMhuS 
have one's back massaged (1. rubbed), hia- 
routua rub, chafe, fret, gall; Meroaena ^e- 
Hlfe (iho) gall. 

hiaaiymlnan sweating; (ikkunan y. m.) 
steaming, hiaaiynyt sweaty, sweating; (ik- 
kima y. m.) steamed; muqnd pmrittm Mec- 
tynmmnS arrived there sweating (1. dripping 
with sweat), hiaaiyi get (1. become) 
sweaty, be covered with perspiration; 
(eslm. kiviseinftstA:) grow (1. become) 
damp; ihkwm Mmstyy the window is get- 
ting steamed; olen M^gtynyt I'm Sweaty (1. 
perspiring), hiaatya sweating, sweat; per- 
spiration, hiaativi ks. hloetava. hlaatil 
make . . sweat, (give . . a) sweat, cause . . 
to perspire; drive . . into a sweat; yrt. 
hlostMu 

hiata — hleldou •llaia silt, -mate lugworm; 
sandworm. 

hiatlkko sands, -maa ks. hlekkamaa. -ranta 
sandy shore, (stretch of) sands. 

hievahdutiaa (lllkuttaa palkaltaan) move, 
stir, budge, hievahtaa move, stir; (slirtyft) 
be displaced; Moomhiaa paikattaan Stir, 
move (from the spot); hiovmhimmmna im- 



movably, firmly; pmikaitaan himvahiu mmtt m 
Without Stirring (1. moving) from the spot, 
without budging; Sla Moifahda jMttJteel 



don't stir! 

hiha sleeve, hlhalllnan . . with sleeves. 

hlhanlkaulua cuff; wristband, -raiki arm- 
hole, arm-scye. -alauata sleeve-lining. 

hihaton sleeveless, . . without (1. having no) 
sleeves 

hlhhyll (1. ▼.) holy jumper; (kuv.) hyster- 
ical fanatic. 

hihini, hlhltamlfian giggling, giggle, titter- 
(Uig). hihittu giggle, titter, (Jkpv.) tehee, 
hlhltya " hihiaX. 

hihkaiata let out a yell (1. a scream), (eslm. 
veturl) give a shriek, shriek, hlhkalau, hlh- 
kaua yell, scream: shriek, hlhkim (set up a) 
yell, scream; shriek; vrt. hibkaiete. hihku- 
minan yelling, screaming; shrieking. 

hlhna strap, leather band; (kapea) thong; 
(kone-) belt; Mhtmi (valjalssa) straps; 
(konelssa) belting. -pyAri pulley, -^aha 
(vannesaha) band-saw. 

hlhnaato straps; (kone-) belting, hlhnavoi- 
da grease for the belts. 

hlhnottaa strap. 

hiidangklrnu devil's chum, waterwom well- 
like hole in a rock, -klvl (glacial) boulder, 
erratic 

hilhdalli ski, be skiing, hiihdina skiing, 
hiihdittii have . . ski, make . . ski. 

hilhto skiing, ski-running; (yhd.) skilng- 
[esim. -nwtka (I. -rmtki) skiing-trlp; -pcAa 



MIMoktll 



— or — 



hikollu 



skiing- costume; -n«atfo#8kllng-equipraent]. 
-k«ll: hypM hUhtohmU good skiing-, -kilpailu 
skt-race. -oiIm ski-runner, skier, -seura 
skl(lnff)-Glub. -urhellu skiing; hUhiaorhM- 
Im mm ylmmiM Siaommmam SkllnST iS a common 
sport (1. is common as a sport) In Finland. 

htihtijl one who skis, skier, ski -runner. 
hiilitiinliiaii skiing, hiihtii ski, skee. 

biil«nBn6liti white ashes, -otto taking: on 
coal, coaling, -poltto charcoal -burning:, 
chairing'. 

hiili (kem.) carbon; (kivi-) coal, (sysl) 
charcoal; hUimt (pesftssA) coals, vrt. hiillos; 
kmim tmamOU hWUUi as if one were standing 
on (red-hot) coals; vrt. ellUn^.luu^, puu^. 

Mill- (yhd.) coal- [esim. -/apio coal-snovel; 
'SMiUS coal -bin; -Urva coal-tar; -eoma 
coal-dust] ; (sysi-) charcoal(-) [esim. 
-MHU charcoal point; •piirrom charcoal - 
drawing] ; (kem.) carbon [esim. 'diokmidi 
carbon dloxld(e); -okMidi carbon oxid(e); 
»yhdiaiym carbon compound], -hanko poker. 

hiilihaponpltoinan carbonated. 

billihappo carbonic acid; (kem.) carbon dl- 
oxld(e) ; hUiihapon noU (kem.) carbonate. 

hillihapiMliMfi carbonated [spring, l&hde]; 
aerated [water, vesi]; ^ ntoia carbonate. 

hillihappolkaaau carbonic acid gas. -myrky- 
tya carbonic acid poisoning, -miiri amount 
(1. percentage) of carbonic acid. 

hIilillMiiita ks. sysihauta. -hydraatti (kem.) 
carbohydrate, -hiki coal-gas; (kem.) 
carbon oxid(e). -hlkimyrkytyt asphyxia 
(from inhalation of (char) coal fumes). 
-kaaau coal-gas. -kalvot coal-mine: (Engl.) 
colliery. -kalvostyAliinen coal-miner; 
(Engl.) collier, -kaaa heap (1. pile) of coal 
(1. charcoal); coal-heap, -kauhkot miner's 
lung, black lung, -koukku poker, -kirki 
(kaarilampussa y. m.) charcoal point, car- 
bon-point, -muraka slack, -palno (valok.) 
carbon-printing, carbon process, -pannu 
brazier; fire-pan. -pllruttua charcoal- 
drawing (1. sketch). -pAly coal- (1. char- 
coal-) dust. -aUlid coal -bin; (hOyrylaivan) 
(coal-) bunker, -uuni (kivihiili-) coal- 
stove, -vaty (kem.) hydrocarbon. 

hiilloa embers; dying fire. 

hilllyitii char, carbonize, hilllytya charring, 
carbonization, hiiloa, hiilu8(U) » hUllos. 
hiiltyminaii carbonization, hilltyi be(come) 
charred, bum to a cinder (1. a crisp), hlil- 
tAminan charring, carbonizing; carboniza- 
tion, hilltii - hiiUyttiUL 

liiipaiaU, hiipaitu ks. hipaUta, hipaiau. 

hiipIJA " hiiviakeliJI. hiipiminen sneaking; 
creeping. hiiplvA sneaking [gait, k&ynti], 
stealthy; lurking [suspicion, ep&llysj; 
lingering [disease, tauti] ; hUpivd kuwnm 
low (1. slow) fever. 

Nipii ^!ip, rasi sttaitiiii>% snf^ak jnwar, 
IKH*; ^n , . , jtirmnkm u at**ai, slink- tpeep; 
- htmnm€**mn slip (L sneak K steal) Inio 
m*? nmni, *- (ptiiM} Aqan«««ta sitp (\. steaU 
out of thi? room. rp&iias>ia merKlEj sncBlc 

hllppa 1. fplthUiO imxtit- 2. t lelkkl) la^t 
ifT^ai •kynta dioceae. lit*ilit>pric, 

hllpua ttdp.: him^t hiipoa the fire IS dyln^ 
dooin (I out), the coals are II. Xlie fire H} 
radliiir. htlilumiriao faiJinjr. hUpuva Ttnliuw 
'pKil^^riP <l ci:mis>, hiilios]. 

Mtrakko <hevo^i>ia:) tiiouf^e colore ri, Utin- 

NHranl^arna (kaavj iiified vetch, -karval- 
fMfi n*ftU3<> ' irray : mouse coloreiln dun; (Im- 
hihkitrvainKn> a^h-i-ok^rc!il, a^hen ltr:i.v, 
<**orva; AW^n vn hiirwnk^rv^ia thP birrli 
It ifUltUig 'lilt lis first bU(L4, ihe blrrh L^ 
boodlng. *pa«A mouse's tie-it, mouse iierii. 
^y|#|a motj^eaiap. -palia inoui^e liule. 



, irnawMl by mtc**. 



hllpl mouse (plur. mice) ; vrt. rotta. -hauk- 
ka (European) buzzard. 

hiiriiispftllft (el&lnt.) hawk-owl. 

hiltl Old Harry (1. Scratch 1. Nick), the devil, 
the deuce, the dickens; ^ Mnmt pimkbSn 
the devil catch him! to the deuce (1. the 
dickens) with him! may the devil get him! 
^ vi€k86n deuce take it! hmita jo hUtmmn 
(Jkpv.) for land's sake shut it up (1. let up 
on that)! m«ffia Mifn go to the dickens 
(1. to the deuce)! 

hllakahdua (slight) sound, breath; whisper; 
«i hiiskahduMtakaan kutdunut not a souni 
(1. a breath) was heard, you could not 
hear a whisper. 

hiiakahtaa 1. (hilskua) say a word, breathe 
(a sound); 2. (hlevahtaa) move, stir; •< ^ 
Monaakaan not say a word, not utter (1. 
breathe) a word (1. a sound); am kUakahda 
aUtU fc«n«//«Mtfn don't breathe it to any- 
body; hUn «f uMkaltanut '^ pmkaitaan he 
did not dare to stir (1. to move), hlitkah- 
tamlnen 1. breathing, uttering; 2. moving, 
stirring. 

hlltkua utter (1. breathe) a sound; make a 
sound; (antaa tietoa) send word; vrt. hils- 
kahtaa, 1.; ol/a Manttakoim hiimkwmtatta not 
say (1. breathe 1. utter) a word, be as still 
as a mouse (1. as the tomb), hiitkumaton 
(A&netOn) silent, hiltkumattomuut (ftttnet- 
tdmyys) silence, quiet. hiiskumlnen 
breathing (1. uttering) a word. 

hilatakka (elftlnt.) wheatear, fallow-chat. 

hiiva yeast, -lelpi yeast -bread, -pulveri 1. 
-Jauha (leivinpulveri) baking-powder. 
-aieni yeast-plant (1. -fungus), yeast. 

hiivatti ks. helkkari. 

hiiviskaliji sneak(er), slink, hiivltkeiy 
sneaking; creeping. 

hiJa ks. hiha. 

hikartii (nauraa ^) giggle, titter. 

hikaiiajava causing (I. producing) perspira- 
tion; (iftAk.) diaphoretic, sudorific, -valu- 
va dripping with sweat (1. perspiration); 
sweating freely. 

hiki sweat, perspiration; (hOyry) steam; 
HMia la vaivalla anmaitta gotten (1. earned) 
with sweat and blood; hhMmU pUin dripping 
(I. covered) with sweat; hik^a vuotava ks. 
hikeMvaluva; '^ vuotaa the sweat is drip- 
ping; of/a himsBa be sweaty, sweat, be cov- 
ered with perspiration, be perspiring (all 
over),' (esim. ikkunasta puhuen:) be 
steamed. -hatuMa dripping with perspira- 
tion (1. sweat); with one's hair matted 
with sweat, -helmi 1. -heme bead (1. drop) 
of sweat (1. perspiration), -hihna sweat- 
band, -huokonen pore, -karpalo ^ hiki- 
helmL -liina (raam.) napkin, -mirki per- 
spiring all over, wet (1. dripping) with sweat. 

hikinen sweaty, perspiring, moist (1. cov- 
ered) with perspiration: (kostea) moist 
(as with dew), damp [wall, selnft] ; ^ ilma 
muggy air (l. weather); hikia^t vaattaat 
sweaty clothes; ikkuna on '^ the window 
is steamed: tuUa hikiaakai get into a sweat, 
become sweaty, begin to sweat. 

hikillpaja (Amer. suom.) sweat-shop, -picara 
drop of sweat, bead of perspiration; vrt. 
helmeilll. -piiaUdn) = hlkihatuasa. -rau- 
hanen sweat-gland, -reiki pore. 

hikityya sweatlness. hikitiikku (dress) 
shield. 

hikka (nikka) hiccup, hiccough. 

hikoaminan sweating, perspiring, perspira- 
tion, hikoava perspiring, hikoilamlnen ~- 
hikoilu. hikoilla perspire, sweat; (klhollla) 
exude [blood, verta] : hikoilUn perspiring, 
covered with perspiration. 

hikollu sweating, perspiration: sweat [in a 
Turkish bath, turkkllalsessa saunassa] ; 



hikolluhoiui 



08 — 



hilioU 



(kihollu) exudation. -holM (Mk.) ^weat- 
cure, cure by sweating-. 

hilaheiluri (arinabeiluri) compensation (I. 
compensated) pendulum. 

hiUU drag:, trail; vrt. haalia. 

hile ks. JXX~. 

hiljaa quiet, still; (hlljalsella Mnellft) In a 
low voice, low; (keve&sti) softly, yently; 
easily; (verkalleen) slowly, tardily, at a 
slow pace; (ftftnetl) silently; ks. kosketel- 
la, kulkea, oUa, puhua y. m. 

hiljalnen low [murmur, murlna] ; (rauballl- 
nen) quiet [life, eiamft], still; (tyynl) 
calm, tranquil; (kevyt) gentle [breeze, 
tuulenhenki; knock, naputus], soft; (vai- 
telias) taciturn; (&&netdn) silent; (hldas) 
slow [speed, vauhtl], tardy; (lempeft) 
mild, inoffensive; (sftvylnen) placid, peace- 
able; ^ «/tfmtf (myds:) retired life, seclu- 
sion [esim. vimttSU MUaimta €liimSii maaUa 
lead a retired (1. quiet) life in tbe country, 
live In seclusion (1. retirement) in the 
country] ; ^ hum quiet (1. taciturn 1. peace- 
able) fellow (1. person); [palstaa] hilitd' 
Mmlla tulmiia [broil] over a slow fire, [roast] 
m a slow oven; hHloimmUa SMnmUH in a low 
voice, low; hiUaimMBsa kodiBsa in a quiet 
(I. a peaceful) borne, hiljalseatl still; quiet- 
ly, softly, gently; (aanettOm&sti) silently. 
hiijaltuua stillness; quiet(ness), quietude; 
calm, tranquillity; (sAvylsyys) peaceable- 
ness; (ft&nettOmyys) silence; pause; (vai- 
telialsuus) taciturnity; kaikmBsa hitfaisuu- 
d€MMa In all quietness, in quiet, quietly. 

hiljakkoin recently, lately, of late, newly; 
not long ago; vrt. KakettKin. hilj«kte«n, 
hiljalle«n slowly; without hurry, at an 
easy (1. at a leisurely) pace; (vfthltellen) 
by degrees, gradually, little by little; (peh- 
molsesti) softly, gently; t^hdH ty6tii hiUal- 
f««n work at leisure (1. at one's ease), hll- 
Jan » Uljakkoin. 

hiljastua (myOhftstyft) be (1. come) late; be 
detained. 

hiljattain (ftskettftin) recently, newly, late- 
ly; some time ago. 

hiljemmin, hiljMnpii (hitaammin) slower, 
at a slower pace; (kevyemmin) more light- 
ly (1. softly 1. gently); (hiljalsemmalla 
aftnellft) in a lower voice; puhukaa '^ 
(myOs:) don't speak so loud, lower your 
voice. 

hiljeneminan subsidence, abatement; vrt. 
hilJeUL hiljenevi slackening [speed, vauh- 
tl]. lessening; subsiding; quiescent, hll- 
Jennys (vauhdin y. m.) slackening; (tyyn- 
nytys) quieting; (ehkftlsy) checking; (hl- 
dastus) retardation; (ftftnen) muffling, 
hushing, hiljentyminen subsidence, abate- 
ment; lessening*, hiijentyi (tyyntytt) calm 
itself, quiet (1. calm) down; myOs = hilje- 
tM: hilhntyn (mus.) diminuendo, decres- 
rendo. 

hiljentii quiet, still; (tyynnyttftft) calm; 
quell; (hllUtft) stop, check, keep down; 
moderate, repress; (ftftnttt y. m.) muffle, 
hush, deaden; (v&hentfift) lessen, diminish, 
decrease; (hldastaa) slow, retard; ^ a«fc«- 
Uitaan Slacken one's pace, slow one's steps; 
^ vaahtiai^ah) Slacken (1. diminish 1. les- 
sen) the (1. its) speed, slow up, slow down, 
go more slowly, (Jkpv.) let up on the 
speed; — UHntsan lower one's voice. 

hiljeti become quiet (1. calm), grow calm, 
quiet (1. calm) down; (vfthetft) decrease, 
grow less, diminish, (vauhtl y. m.) slack- 
en; (asettua) subside, abate; (kflydft hi- 
taammaksi) become slower, slow down (1. 
up); mmlu hUUnmm the noise is subsiding 
(I. dies down); vauhti hiU^ntm the speed 
slackens (1. grows less 1. becomes slower); 



UMni hahiUi (vaiinehee) the sound is dy- 
ing away (1. out). 

hilkka hood. cap. 

hilla (ripe) cloudberry, knotberry; vrt. Ullo. 

hillepi (eiaint.) polecat. 

hiilike check (.upon, Jollekln] ; restraint. 

hillinti, hlllitaaminMi restraining/ checking, 
curbing: restraint, repression; moderation; 
vrt. hiUiUL hillitamnitMmyya freedom from 
(1. lack of) restraint, lack of control; li- 
cense; self-indulgence. hlllitaamlttAmiatl 
without restraint, unrestrainedly: freely; 
excessively. hillitaamitAn unchecked, un- 
restrained [imagination, mlelikuvitus], un- 
curbed [passion, intohimo], unbridled; 
(mahdoton halllta) unmanageable, uncon- 
trollable; (raju) intractable [temper, luon- 
ne], irrepressible; vrt. hUUtSn. 

hlllitty restrained, pent up, repressed, con- 
strained, suppressed: (tasainen) moderate; 
(tyynl) calm, composed^ hillityUa astfm 
with (a) hushed (1. muffled) voice, under 
one's breath, in an undertone; Mn^n •mHn- 
tymiBMnsS ofi hiltittyH he appeared (1. acted) 
constrained (1. restrained). 

hilllttdmyya lack of restraint; ungovem- 
ableness, unbridled behavior; unruliness, 
lawlessness, hilllttdmiaii without restraint, 
unrestrainedly; freely; excessively, to ex- 
cess; wildly. 

hiiliti checjc [one's anger, vihansa], give (1. 
put) a check [to ..], (put a) stop (to..), 
restrain [the violence of . . , Jonkln rajuut- 
ta; one's feelings, tunteensa], repress 
[one's rage, raivonsa; one's emotions, mle- 
lenliikutuksensa] , suppress, keep down (l. 
under), curb; (halllta) be master of. mas- 
ter, control [the mob, metelOitsiJ&t] ; (ta- 
sottaa) moderate, temper [one's desires, 
halujaan]; (rauhottaa) calm, quiet, tran- 
quiUDlze; (pidattAfl) hold back, refrain; 
(pitaa kurissa) bridle [one's passions, into- 
hlmojaan], put (1. bring) . . under restraint 
(1. control); smother; (lalmentaa) dampen, 
relax [one's zeal, intoaan], (aanestfi pu- 
huen:) deaden, muffle, hush; (masentaa) 
subdue, overcome; (talstella vastaan) fight 
against, combat, resist; hUUUm fm«f««l con- 
trol your temper! keep your temper in 
check! (you must) control yourself! (rau- 
hotu) calm yourself! not so fierce (my 
boy)! -^ Mmoiua overcome (1. suppress 1. 
repress 1. curb) one's craving (1. desire), 
(into-) control one's passions (1. one's car- 
nal desires), (talstella vastaan) fight 
against (1. resist) one's passions, (voittaa) 
conquer (1. overcome) one's desires (1. pas- 
sions); ^ iloinmttnaa (L iloiBuuttaan) re- 
press (1. subdue I. keep down) one's mer- 
riment; ^ ifnmU (\. itamUUn) refrain (I. 
check 1. restrain 1. curb 1. control) o.s., 
keep rein on o.s., get o.s. In hand, (vftki- 
valtaa tekemastft) stay one's hand, (tyyn- 
tyft) calm o.s., (malttaa) stop to think; ^ 
nauruaan keep (1- refrain) from laughing, 
restrain (1. suppress 1. hold back; one's 
laughter; ~ tunfnBa (\. tuntmittum) re- 
strain one's feelings (1. affections), have 
(complete) control of one's affections; -*' 
vittihtia Check the speed, slacken (the) 
speed; Jko«feao ^ Aepoafoan try to get 
control of one's horse. 

hillltdn unchecked; ungovernable, uncontrol- 
lable; unrestrained [mirth, riemu]; unbri- 
dled, uncurbed; unruly, reckless [waste, 
tuhlaus] ; wild; headlong; vrt. hilliUemMtSn. 

hilio jam; marmalade; preserves; conserve. 
hilloaminen (Jonkin) making Jam [of ..]. 
preserving, hilloke compote, hillonkeltto 
making Jam (1. preserves 1. marmalade). 
hillota make Jam (1. preserves) [of ... 



— 00 — 



hinkalo 



jotakln] : preserve; MOote mmtuikaita make 
strewberries Into Jam, make strawberry 
Jam. hilloutiie be (1. gret) mashed, mash. 

Mlpeye (ilolsuus) cheerfulness, gaiety, Joy- 
ousness, mirth (fulness), merriment, hilar- 
ity; Jollity, Joviality; (relppaus) briskness; 
(elolsuus) vivacity, animation, liveliness, 
sprirhtllness; (pirteys) brightness, alert- 
ness, hilpeytlii cheer up, make . . brisk (1. 
more lively) ; (elfthdyttilft) enliven, animate. 

Mlpai cheerful, gay, light-hearted. Jolly, 
Jovial, hearty, merry; (reipas) brisk; (elol- 
sa) animated, vivacious, sprightly, lively; 
(pirteft) bright, alert; >« h^mkuBfhi lively 
(I. animated 1. brisk) conversation; hilp€MUs 
tmlmUaM in high spirits. In (I. with) good 
cheer. In a gay mood; ^ mimliala (spirit of) 
rood cheer, cheerfulness; ^ tmuru hearty 
(1. Jolly 1. light-hearted 1. sunny) laughter; 
'» mmrwAmimmm lively (1. sprightly) youth. 
-luontoineffi 1. -miellnen cheerful, animated, 
bright, happy, full of good cheer, (. . of a) 
sunny (disposition), light-hearted, -luon- 
totouue 1. -mielieyye cheerfulness, cheer- 
ful (1. sunny) disposition; light -hearted- 
ness; sprlghtllness. 

bilpetotl cheerfully, gayly; Jovially; merri- 
ly, jolllly; briskly; vivaciously; vrt. hilpel. 

Mtoe (ibossa) scurf, (etenk. p&finahassa) 
dandruff; (kuona) scale, hlltehtlminen 
scaling (off), hilaehtii » hilMiUi. hiisei- 
leaiiiiea scaling; (Ihon, eslm. tuUrokon J&l- 
keen) peeling, hllsellli be scurfy; be dan- 
dniffy; be scaly; scale off, peel (off); iho 
hammiUm the skin Is peeling, hilteily » 
kiiattll«miB«a. hllaeinen scurfy, dandruffy; 
scaly, scaled, hileerohtuma branny tetter; 
(lA&k.) pityriasis, hllaettymlnen formation 
-: -mT--"- {\ — -' ' i^r.^-T-r-^ hllssttyl 
fmi fjt ^' \nw.- (1. -run I, iinn.ir un> hitseyty- 
Riintn blltfUemlnfro. hllttytyi ^ biUcUlJi. 

tliiiul«i« HiT]i«taya. 

MMiii«n«mifT«n irrEnviiiir dim tl. lurnu : dark 
«&lng umi^lilftif; radiiiir- htmm«n«mit6n 
imtami«<h*^(I. rj nob:*!: a rod .brifrlunt'^^s^, kirk- 
Icaufs um|i[«inM. ,. llmt fauiKit he oh- 
«'^^f^1. h^mm^nnya *>bsrvirin]!:, ilarkpnintr, 
hjintik«niymAtAn - himneetimlitiis. blm- 
fT>entfn|t ^»lj!triip*'fd)^ dlrn(med): lar- 
nt%ni*il: <h«4Ji?^tyr;uU failed; vrl. hlmmeS. 
liimmentvl hrfoini^ darh^er}. tiei^imu- 
(morel obscure, grow dUiHmer); {rmHJilM- 

Kii\Ti<>i*t* y. rn. puliuen:) <be} lanil^ti(eri), 
f ob-M^urtd; (iiapettua) oxUUl!(^ numnir^- 
Ul tie i1*r|c4^ri(^|, d»rlt(?n; (plnlPtA^ itr^iw 
^nicirci iJa^lt(y). Nmtnentlmlnpn dni-kHn- 
itw» ii&»f"urin(t: fitiiv.> tMitps^iiiir, hlmmen- 
lit mm , Ihe eye, sdrnith darken Ube un- 
|||)r«tatiillfir, yitinuirry?! } . obsfurc, retenKin 
fl|et4Jli|ilnraoJ!ilA piiliueri:} tftrnt*«hi (fnyri:^ 
kuvj, (ktJlitaii) ftUnil in tbe Kgbt of; fon- 
ceal. hide, Uuvj dull* siMly I H T>/H liniiurH 
Jonknn kijnniAa\(miji;i loie^lonnany i^'dtp^^-. 
0«t«tlltl«. (lUl . Ill (L tliro^M . . \ntft\ the 
ihl^: ANjtfi himm*nMi haikki t^i*«t runoiii- 

ffilli^^'in nil rjtrj**r lutets by h\'^ g-i^nlJHi; 
JCdttrff tMinn*rt ivdmtiitM himm*n»i hatttn 
mmMian*a CtiftrM'* \he MntllN iTtjfUy Itliinv 
t][3 iii<!r]t3 iuio Uie ^Tjade: piit^itt himm^nti- 
»m kuwm kirkkaan t/alon the br^K-^l kprlit 
(L tbt radiAm i?> nf thf muuri want nb<inired 
tar Ct9INl^^ himmeu l>i^4 <^ome> dark entail r I. 
«Oici^«4K fl>f-> t«nii4T](f>d1^ irrow tLiiUn 
grow r*im, (kaiveiji) fadt;, irntw jjale; 
(kuv.) be i'rJn«^*'fl. 'J** |"tt in ihe shaiti*; 
¥n, Um»«istyJL himmart (Mmut^.!^^: dark- 
nma^ absrtirlly; tJutiK(inff^'*1,ffloom(lrif*fi^» ; 
tiniiAb: drjllne^isp ileailiiK^s.; (Iftpikiiulta- 
lAailoDiuu*) fiti«<|Ufnej^«. oparity, oaton 
ih* atmn^B of ibe light. 



himmai dim [light, vaio; look, katse; look- 
ing-glass, pelllj, obscure; (tumma, plmeU) 
dusky, dark, gloomy; (vaalea) pale, pallid; 
(heikko) faint; (l&pikuultamaton) opaque; 
(klllloton) dead, dull; (metalleista:) tar- 
nished, oxidized; (kuv. « epftm&Arainen) 
indistinct, vague [Idea, kftsitys] ; ^ fcaf«« 
faint look, feeble glance; Mmmmdkmi tuottu 
given a dull polish, deadened, (lasista:) 
ground; ^ muisto dim (1. faint) remem- 
brance, vague (1. dim) recollection (I. 
idea); ~ paiud dusky (l. dark I. gloomy) 
day; ^ vaUdgtuM dim (1. feeble) light; >« 
pSri dim (I. faded 1. dull I. somber) color; 
^oi MmnMaUa valolia was burning low (I. 
dim), himmeiati dlm(ly); faintly; Indis- 
tinctly, vaguely; darkly, obscurely; gloom- 
ily; vrt. himmeK; muiBtaa htmmmUmti 
(myds:) have a dim (1. vague) memory of . .; 
polcMi himmmHati burn dim (I. low). 

himmeilvalolnen dim [lamp, lamppu], .. 
with a dim light; (eslm. lampusta) burning 
low; dimly lighted, dusky [room, hudne], 
dark, gloomy, -virinen (. . of a) dull 
(color), . . (painted) In dull colors. 

himml (metall.) tarnish. 

himo lust; (halu) desire, longing; (intohl- 
mo) passion, sensual (1. carnal) appetite; 
(kuv.) thirst; ionhin himo lust for, greed 
for (1. of). Itch for, desire of (1. for), love 
of . . , thirst (1. craving) for, (mieltymys 
Johonkin) addiction to; vrt. koston^, kul- 
imn'^, kiinnfain^, rahau'*', ••aliin'«,vaUan'«. 

himolnen 1. = himokas; 2. (yhd.) ks. kos- 
ton'^, kannian'^, •aaliin'*' y. m. 

himoita lust [after a th., Jotakin], have an 
ardent desire [for..], covet; (haluta) de- 
sire; (kalvata) long [for, Jotakin]; (tavo- 
tella) hanker [after (1. for) . .] ; (olla miel- 
tynyt Johonkin) be addicted (1. given) to; 
Mmoitmmn ommnia my mouth waters for 
apples; ms Aimo/e«« tiihimiUM€mi €mSntSi 
(raam.) thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's 
wife, himoitaeva(inen) covetous, lustful; 
desirous [of . .] ; himoitB9va katat covet- 
ous glance, (lievem. merklt.) longing (l. 
wistful) glance, himokaa covetous, greedy; 
(Intohlmolnen) passionate, sensual, volup- 
tuous, lustful; hitnokkaat ailmUt (ahnaat) 
greedy (1. covetous 1. hungry) eyes, (hau- 
reelliset) licentious eyes; himokkaita ail- 
mUykmiU ks. luoda. himokkaastl covetous- 
ly, greedily; passionately; lustfully, vo- 
luptuously; (kiihke&sti) eagerly, longingly. 
himokkalsuus, himokkuua covetousness. 
greed(iness); eagerness; passlonateness; 
(Irstaisuus) lustfulness. voluptuousness. 
himoton . . without greed (I. desire); 'dis- 
passionate, unimpassloned. himottaa: mi- 
ttua himottaa mySdH omana I have a craving 
for (I. I crave) an apple, my mouth waters 
for an apple. 

hinaaja, -alus, -hdvry. -lalva tug. hinaami- 
ffn towing; (perlissaftn-) dragging, hinata 
(alusta) tow; warp [a vessel, alusta] ; 
(haalata) haul (In) [a rope, kOyttft]; tug: 
(per&SSflftn) drag, trail; ottaa hinattavakai 
take . . In tow. 

hinaua towing; dragging, -alus tug. -kAyal 
1. -nuora tow-line, tow(Ing)-rone. -maksu 
charge for towing [a boat], towage. 
-varppi tow-line. -yhtIA towing company, 
tug line. 

hlnauttaa have . . towed; ^ itaanaU (laivas- 
ta puhuen:) take a tow. 

hindu (S.) = hindulainen. 

hindulainen (a. k s.) Hindu, Hindoo, hindu- 
laituua Hinduism. 

hingata, hinkata ks. hangata. 

hinkalo (Jyvft-) bin; (rehu-) feed-box; (leh- 



hInkalolllnMi 



— 100 — 



hlpmiMtutUft 



mfln-) stall; crib. hinkalolllriMi a bin full 
[of . . , Jolakin] ; a feed-box full [of . .]. 

hinkua u'boop. hinku(ytki) wbooplng-cougrb. 

hinnanllalennus reduction of (tbe) price; 
(laskemlnen) fall (1. decline) of prices; 
(myOnnetty) rebate, -kalllatumlnen » hin- 
nannouftu. -korotus 1. raising of the price 
[of ..], raising: of prices; 2. advance in 

f rices, Increase of (l. In) price, -mliriyt 
-pano setting (1. fixing) a price [on . .h 
marking [tbe goods, tavarollle] ; (arvioi- 
mlnen) valuation, appraisement; vrt. bin- 
nottelu. -nousu rise In price; Increase in 
tbe price. 

hinnatto ks. hintaluettelo. 

hinnotalla, hinnottaa set (1. fix) a price on, 
mark [the goods, tavarat], rate, price, 
prize; (arvlolda) appraise [a stock of 

goods, tavaravarasto] , value, hlnnottalu, 
innotut marking; rating, pricing; ap- 
praisal; listing of prices. 
hlnta price; rate, figure; (vaadlttu) charge; 
(maksettu) cost; vrt. arvo; hinnasta mittik 
hyvdnaH at all costs, at any price, what- 
ever tbe sacrifice; mittU hinnasta for (1. 
at) what price? at what rate? mita Minn 

SidHt niillU hintana what price do you 
ave (I. quote 1. set) on them? what would 
you take for them? piUtin ^ (myOs:) 
fare; «• •/ o/« hinnalla pilattu that is not 
(too) dear (1. blgh-prlced), that's worth 
the money; mHIS on kallim '^, «« on kalUim- 
aa hinnasaa it IS high-priced (1. dear); mitS 
•i voi maada miatSHn hinnasta It Is not tO 
be (I. it cannot be) bad at any price (1. 
for any money). -Ilmotua statement of 
prices; quotation. 

hintainen : 1 . tonkin ^ (maksava) costing . . , 
which cost(s) . . , (arvoinen) worth . . [eslm. 
viidan markan ~ costing (I. which cost) 
five marks, worth five marks]; minks -» 
what price? how dear (1. expensive)? 
minkU hintaiata on r«ii« what's the price 
Of rye? what's rye quoted at? n« ovat aa- 
man hintaiaim they are the same price; 3. 
(ybd.) . .-priced [eslm. halpa^ low- 
priced; kallia'^ hlgh-prlced] . 

hintaRlippu price-mark; label, -luettalo 
price-list; [kuvltettu. Illustrated] cata- 
log(ue). 

hintalyys slenderness; sllmness; delicacy 
of build. 

hintali (. . of) slender (build), slight, deli- 
cate; slim; (heikko, hento) tiny; (hoikka) 
very thin, -kaavuinen . . slender In (1. of) 
stature, (. . of) slender (build). 

hioa grind; (Jalokiveft) cut; (metallia. 
myOs:) polish; (terottaa) sharpen; whet; 
strop, hone [a razor, partaveista] : — him- 
maOkai give a dull polish [to ..], (eshn. 
lasia) grind; ^ partavaiata Strop (1. hone) 
a razor; ^ pei« grind, grind off, (Jaloki- 
vestft) cut away; ^ timanttia cut a dia- 
mond, hloja one who grinds (1. cuts 1. 
sharpens); (timantin-) cutter; (terottaja) 
sharpener, grinder, hiomakone grlndlng- 
machlne. hiomaton not sharpened (1. 
ground), unground, unsharpened; dull; 
(jalokivista:) uncut, rough; (kuv.) unpol- 
ished, (c)rude; ^'omaeon timantti a dia- 
mond In the rough, hiomattomuut dull- 
ness; (Jaloklven) natural state; (kuv.) 
lack of polish, (c) rudeness, hlominen 
grinding, cutting Jne., vrt. hioa. 

hiomo ks. puu-^. -puut pulpwood. 

hionta 1. ^- hiaminen; 2. = hikoaminen. 

hiostaa drive . . Into a sweat, cause . . to 
perspire, sweat; cause perspiration; mi- 
nua alkaa '^ I begin to sweat (1. to per- 
spire) ; vrt. hieat&a. hiottava causing per- 
spiration, sudorific [medicine, la&ke] ; 



(hlklnen) sultry [weather, lima], muggy; 
hioatavu iaoka diaphoretic, sudorific; hiom' 
tava ptiivU Close (1. sultry) day. hiottua 
=- hiestyiL 

hlostus sweat(lng), perspiration, -aine su- 
dorific. -Juoma sudorific. 

hiostuttaa » hioataa. biota perspire, sweat; 
katani hikoavat my hands are sweating. 

hiottaa I.: minna ^ I'm perspiring, I feel 
sweaty. 

hiotua il. have . . ground (1. cut 1. sharp- 
ened); vrt. hioa. 

hiottu ground; cut [glass, lasl; diamond, 
timantti]; (terotettu) whetted, honed 
[razor, partaveitsi] ; (kuv.) polished, re- 
fined; hanan nayttalamiaanaa oli hiottua 
his acting was carefully studied; kirk- 
kaakai ^ polished, furbished, hioutua be- 
(come) ground (1. whetted); (kulumisen 
kautta) wear smooth, be smoothed, (kirk- 
kaaksl) be(come) polished, hioutuminan 
grinding; wearing smooth; getting polished. 

hipaitU touch . . lightly, graze; skim; (ohi- 
mennessaan) brush by (1. past), hipaiau 
grazing; skimming; light touch. 

hi pale (little) bit; piece, fragment; (Jotakln 
syOtavaa) morsel. 

hipii (Iho) skin; (Ihonvari) complexion, hue. 

hipiiinen (ybd.) . .-skinned [eslm. hiano'^ 
fine -skinned; tnmma^ dark-skinned] ; 
. .-complexloned (1. -complected), . . with 
a . . complexion [eslm. Mano'^ . . with a 
fine complexion; tumma'^ dark-complex- 
ioned (1. -complected)], . .-bued [eslm. 
tumma^ dusky-hued]. 

hipoa -= hipaista; [Siellfi] ito lakaa hipoi 
(kuv.) the Joy ran high [there], all was 
mirth and glee [there]. 

hippa ks. hiippa; iuoata hippaa, otia hippa- 
ailla play tag, play goal. 

hippiiinen (eUlnt.) golden- crested kinglet. 

hiprakka: of/a hiprakaaaa (kuv.) be tipsy, 
be (Slightly) under the influence of liq- 
uor; (Jkpv.) be half seas over, be getting 
happy. 

hipsutalla, hipsuttaa trip (along); step 
lightly and nimbly; go pitapat [along tbe 
floor, lattialla]; (kAydft varpalslUaan) tip- 
toe. 

hirmu terror; fright, dread; (kauhu) hor- 
ror; (pelko) fear, -halliuija tyrant; des- 
pot, -hallitus reign of terror; tyranny, 
despotism. 

hirmulnen dreadful, frightful [calamity, 
onnettomuus], terrible; fearful, shocking; 
(kauhea, kamala) horrid [monster, petoj, 
horrible, hideous [sight, nftky: crime, rl- 
kos], heinous; awful, hirmuitan dread- 
fully [cruel, Julma], fearfully, horribly, 
terribly; (tavattoman) tremendously; hir- 
mtdaan atmri terribly large, tremendous - 
(ly large), enormous, huge; olla hirmuiaan 
nakainan look horrid, have a frightful as- 
pect, hirmuitetti dreadfully, frightfully, 
terribly Jne., vrt. hirmuinen. hirmulsuut 
dreadfulness, f rightfulness, terribleness; 
horribleness, horror, hideousness. 

hirmulljirjatteimi terrorism. -kuolama 
(hist.) the Black Death; vrt. isorutto. 
-kuva frightful image; fright; (kuv.) pic- 
ture of terror, -myrsky hurricane, cy- 
clone; (etup. Klinan merelltt) typhoon; (pil- 
venpy^irre) tornado, -niky vision of terror, 
dreadful (1. appalling 1. ghastly) -sight. 

hirmuttua get terribly angry, be filled with 
wrath (1. anger)- (kauhlstua) be filled 
with horror (I. abhorrence 1. revulsion); 
han hirmuattti (raam.. Jumalasta:) bis an- 
ger was kindled, hirmustuttaa ks. kau- 
hiatuttaa. 



MnsttUpttiw 



.— 101 — 



Mrmaltapaus areadcful) erent. tenlble ca- 
unrophe. -tyd dasurdly (I. beinons) 
(te«d; atrocity, -valta tyranny, despotism; 
terrorism, -valtain^n tsrrannlcal, d6^)otic: 
terroristic, -valtlaa tyrant, despot. -vat- 
Una » hirmmrvlta. 

MraiM neigh, whinny, hirnumlnm neirh- 
im, whinnying'. hirnunu neigh(ing); 
^blnnjflng. 

Mrraa lajo drivlngr Iom. -tiakkuu cutting 
timber, logging; lomberin?; mi htrrMhrnk- 
WtfM is cutting^ timber, -pit end of the 
lor. -vato hauling of lors. 

hiral (retstftmit^n) log; (velstetty, raken- 
nus) timber; beam; (hirtto-) gallows; 
VTt. tnkld; hirrmt lOgS, timber; hirsista 
tmkty kS.UrsiiMa; hirt^en kS.Jontiia,vet3UL 

Mrsi- (ybd.) . . of lo^ [esim. -Wm pile of 
logs: 'kaorma load Of lOgS; -tvii fire Of 
logs] ; (Joskus:) log* [esim. -rakenmu log 
house] : . . of timber [esim. -kuorma load 
of timber], -karroa tier of logs, -maja i. 
-mftkki lo? cabin, log house. (log) shack. 
-fliatai (standinfr) timber, forest; hyvMM 
htrnm^tsSM good timber-land. 

hiPciiMn made of logs, (built) of timber, 
log [cabin, maja]. 

hiraiPptiu (hlrtto-) gallows, gibbet; ks. ve- 
tSS (hirsipuuhun). -aaha cross-cut saw. 
-••inainen . . with walls of logs. 

hirtltya framework; kaion ^ frame (I. tim- 
bers) of a roof; lattian ^ framework of a 
floor. 

hiptal (TiljalaJi) millet. 

hiptahinan gallows-bird. 

hiruhlalnaama gallows -face, -plla grim 
humor. 

hirtauivi fit to be (I. worthy of being) 
banged; hirtttitvSk^i tvomittn sentenced 
to be banged (1. to hang). 

hirtto hanging, -nuora halter, -paikka place 
of execution, the gallows, -allmukka (hang- 
man's) noose. 

hlpitiinlnan hanging. hIrttimitAn unhanged, 
hirttlytyinlnan hanging (o.s.). hirttiytyi 
hang o.s.; [pifttti pfiiviinsft] htrttSytymma 
committed suicide] by hanging, hirtiii 
hang, execute by hanging; vrt. hirtettJtviL 
hiPiAuia have . . hanged, order . . banged. 

hirvae male (I. buck) reindeer. 

hirvanSaJo moose- (1. elk-)hunting; offa 
hirvnaioBam be hunting moose (1. deer). 
-ampujii moose- (1. deer-)hunter; deer- 
stalker, -tiilhtaji deer- (1. elk-)hunter 
on sklis. -Jllkl moose- (1. elk-)track (1. 
print), -liha moose -meat; venison, -nahka 
deerskin; buckskin, doeskin, -nahkalnan 
deerskin; buckskin [glove, hansikas]. doe- 
skin, -pafati roasted moose -meat; roast 
venison, -pyynti moose- (1. deer-)hunt- 
ing; deer- stalking, -aarvi antler (of a 
moose I. of an elk), -vaalkka moose calf, 
calf (of a deer), -vuota hide of a deer. 

hiPvaU -* hirvfUL 

Mpvaya dreadfulness, horribleness. fright- 
fulness, hldeousness; monstrosity; vrt. 

hipvai dreadful [war, sota]. frightful, ter- 
rible [crash, ryske], (kauhea) horrid, hor- 
rible, hideous [sight, nftky], awful [loss 
of life, ihmishengen hukkaj ; (Julma) atro- 
cious, heinous [crime, rikos]; (hlrmulnen) 
monstrous [beast, peto] ; '*> onnmttomuua 
terrible (1. dire) disaster, appalling catas- 
trophe, shocking accident; hirvHn nUk6i' 
n»n hideous (-looking), monstrous; hirv^Un 
roma horribly ugly, hideous; MrvHn 
•waxri tremendously large, enormous, huge; 
hSn on Mrvan ikHcd ihminmn (Jkpv.) he is 
an awful bore, hirvaaati dreadfully, ter- 



ribly, hideously; awfully; (uvattomastl) 
tremendously. 

hirvi moose; (europpalalnen) elk; (hlnrl- 
eliin) deer, -•liln (el&lnt.) deer, -puijto 
deer-park. 

hirviUivi dreadful, frightful, terrible; hor- 
rible [sight, niky], horrid; awful; hirvH- 
tSvSa iiumi»rSSkkMystM appalling (I. ter- 
rible L unspeakable) human torture; vrt. 
kirr«l. hirviuiviati dreadfully, frightful- 
ly, horribly; awfully. 

hIrvittU: ndtum ^ ajafOm sHM 1 dread (1. 
I am appalled L it fUls me with horror) to 
think of it; mtimm ^ /o pMMt ajatuUdn 
shts the mere (1. very) thought of it 
frtghtens (1. terrifies) me (I. fills me with 
terror); mm ^ mimm it frightens me. it 
makes me shudder, it makes my heart 
stand still. I dread (1. abhor) it. 

hirvia (rohJeU) dare, have courage (I. 
heart) [to ..]. be bold enough ^to . .] ; 
venture [to do a th., tehdi Jotakin]; hSn 
9i Mrvitmyt fhda niS (uskaltanut) he did 
not dare (1. venture) to do It, he would 
not risk (1. hazard) doing it. (hennonut) 
he did not have the heart to do it. 

hirvid monster, monstrosity, prodigy; vrt. 
m«ri^. hirviftmilnan monstrous. 

his (mus.) B sharp. 

Hisklaa, HiskIJa Hezekiah. 

hiaai (nostokone) elevator; (Engl.) lift; 
hmnkaS'-' passenger -elevator, vrt. tavara'*. 

hiaaukailn slowly, without hurry, at an 
easy (1. a leisurely) pace; (hlljaa) low, in 
a low voice; (ilftneti) silently. 

hiatoria history; (aikakirja) chronicle; (ker- 
tomus) story, tale, hiatorialiinen histor- 
lc(al) [event, tapahtuma] ; hittoriattinmn 
tuka historic (1. recorded) times, (times 
of) recorded history. hIatoHaliisesti his- 
torically. 

hiatorlanlklrjotua writing of history, -kip- 
Jottaja historian, historical writer; (vanh.) 
chronicler, -opatua teaching of (l. in- 
struction in) history. -Ukalnan prehistor- 
ic, -^utkija student of history; historian. 
-tutklmua historical research. / 

hiatoriatunti class in history, hiatoriikka, 
hiatorilkkl history; (yleiskatsaus) survey. 
historloiUIJa historian. 

hitaaati slowly, tardily, sluggishly; by slow 
degrees; -^j mwOta varmamti Slowly but 
surely, by sure degrees; ^ vaiknttava slow 
[poison, myrkky], lingering; vrt. kasvMu 

hiuinan slow, tardy; sluggish, inert; (hi- 
dasverinen) phlegmatic; vrt. hidas. hiUI- 
aesti slowly, sluggishly, tardily; phleg- 
matlcally. hitaisuus slowness, tardiness; 
sluggishness. Inertness; (mlelen) phlegm; 
dullness; vrt. seur. 

hitaua slowness; sluggishness; (luonteen) 
tardiness, dllatorlness; phlegm; dullness. 
Inertness; (fys.) Inertia, -momantti (fys.) 
moment of inertia. 

hitii (puujalka) stilt. 

hitaata weld [Iron, rautaa]. hitaaua weld- 
ing; my(Js — hitfti. 

hiui weld, welded Joint (1. seam), -kuu- 
muus welding-heat, -uuni welding- furnace. 

hitto (the) devil, (the) deuce; Old Nick; 
vrt. hiifti; -- vi9k6on deuce take It! to the 
devil (1. dickens)! -- vUk&6n koko roakan 
all that trash may go to the devil for all 
I care! 

hitu (kuorl) peel, rind; skin. 

hitunan a little (1. a tiny) bit; (rahtunen) 
mite, particle, grain; (esim. tomu-) mote, 
speck; (muru) crumb: •/ hitustakaan not 
a bit, not a trifle, not the least particle, 
not a grain (1. a cruptib) [was left. Jftftnyt 
Jftljelle], '' ' 



hlud« 



— 102 — : 



hoikMlM 



hiud« ks. lunii^. 

hludutua weaken, enfeeble. 

hiu«U (pebmetft) soften, become (1. grow) 
soft; (kulhtua) wither (away), pine 
(away): (MipyA) dwindle away; (liueta) 
dissolve. 

hiukaitU: minua hiwAaiMMm I feel (somewbat) 
bungrry, I feel bollow (1. empty), I am 
bungry for sometbing salty; pa«i«« hiukai' 
ccmoon makes one feel bungry, makes one 
bungry for something salty, hiukaitu 
emptiness; feeling of hunger; hunger for 
something salty. 

hiukan (vAbftisen) a little [too large, liian 
duurl], a trifle [more, enemm&nj, a bit, 
slightly [belter, parempi], very little; 
(Jonkinverran) somewhat; '^ imompi a 
little (1. somewhat) larger; '*' tiian twnma 
(myOs:) a shade too dark; ^ rahoia a little 
money, some money; -*' earp««eon rather 
unnecessary. 

hluke atom; mote, speck; (fys.) molecule. 

hiukaneminan softening; withering; dwin- 
dling away; vrt. hiueu. 

hlukka(nMi) particle: fragment; grain; 
(murunen) crumb; (aiku-) atom; vrt. hi- 
tunen; hiwAkaamn a little, a trlHe, a bit, a 
grain, a whit, a Jot, a mite, very little, 
slightly [better, parempi] ; hinkkaaMn 
mausimtta a whlff of flavoring; hiukkoMtn 
pit€mpi a trifle (1. a thought) longer; 
hiMtkkoMmn suoiaa (myOs:) a pinch of salt: 
hiukkawta annmn a little While (1. a minute 
I. a short time) before, (aikaisemmin) a 
trifle earlier. 

hiukt*nHhieno(lnen) (as) fine as a hair, 
hairbreadth; nice, subtle; hinkM^nhiMno to 
a very fine distinction, -verta hairbreadth, 
hair's breadth. 

hiuksaton hairless; (paljas) bald, hiuksat- 
tomuus baldness, lack of hair. 

hiuktinm (ybd.) . .-haired [esim. hopma'^ 
silver-haired: ma«ea^ black -haired]. 

hius hair (of the head); Mnktmt (the) hair. 
(Joskus:) hairs; Muhaimta tmhty (made) 
of hair. 

hiua- (ybd.) hair- [esim. -harh balr-brush: 
'Vrkka hair-net; -»Uy hair-oil], -huokoi- 
suus (fys.) capillarity, capillary attraction. 
-Juuri root (1. bulb) of a hair, -karva (a 
single) hair; hiuskarvan vrta a hair's 
breadth, a hairbreadth, -kiehkura ringlet 
(of hair), curl, -kiamura coil of hair; vrt. 
edell. -kutri lock (of hair), curl, -laita 
bead -dress, -marto: punamtui hiuamartoon 
aaakka blushed to the roots of his hair. 
-nauha hair-ribbon, ribbon; (otsanauha) 
fillet, -naula hairpin, -palmlkko braid, 
. plait, -pihdit curling-tongs, -pllli (anat.) 
capillary, -piilivolma capillarity, -raja = 
hiusmarto. -fistikko (fys.) cross-hairs (I. 
-wires), -auoni » hiuspilli. -tuortuva 
tuft of hair: (kutrl) lock (of hair), curl. 
-tauti disease .of the hair. 

hiuatanllhalkominen ks. saivartelu. -kiher- 
tiji hair-dresser, -leikkuu cutting of the 
hair, -leikkuukone (barber's) clippers. 

hiutHtuppi (anat.) hair-follicle, -volde hair- 
ointment, scalp -ointment. 

hiutale (hiude) flake; (sirunen) chip; shiv- 
er, splinter. 

hiveleminen ks. hively. hivelli (sivell&) 
stroke [one's beard, partaansa], rub gent- 
ly, pass one's hand over, smooth; touch 
lightly (1. lovingly): (hyvftilift) caress, 
fondle; (kutkuttaa) tickle; s« hivtha ha- 
nan turhamaiauuttaan that will tickle his 
vanity: aoitto hivaUa korviani the music 
pleases my ears, hively stroking, gentle 
rub(bing), light (1. loving) touch; caress- 
ing, fondling; tickling. 



hivu) «' hius. 

hivuttaa (bieroa) rub; (hangata) chafe; 
fret: (kalvaa, kuluttaa) wear down (1. 
away), waste, consume, hivuttava wast- 
ing [disease. tautI]. 

hivutua rub(bing): chafing; (taudin) wast- 
ing (away). -tautI progressive emaciation; 
(keuhkotauti) consumption. 

hivuutua (be) chafe(d), (be) rub(bed); be 
wasted, be consumed, wear out (1. away) ; 
(luisua) glide; vrt. kulua. 

h-moll (mus.) B minor. 

hode: hotmimiiMa (turviinsa) in (1. under) 
one's protection, (holtoonsa) In one's cus- 
tody (1. keeping), ks. ottaa; offa mtUOm 
hoUiUaan (I. emiasa hotmimaamn) (be left 
to) shift (Engl.: fend) for o.s. 

hoenta repeating; reiteration. 

hohde shimmer, gleam; luster (myOs: 
lustre): brightness, brilliancy: sheen; 
(killto) polish, gloss; (kimallus) glitter, 
glimmer: glare, nohdella shimmer, gleam: 
shine, glisten, glitter; (vftlkkyen) sparkle: 
vrt. hohtMu 

hohkalnan porous; spongy, hohkalauua po- 
rosity, porousness: sponginess. 

hohkakivl pumice( -stone). 

hohottaa (nauraa) give a loud laugh (1. a 
horse-laugh), (give a) guffaw, haw-haw, 
roar with laughter, hohottamlnan, hohotu i 
loud laugh(ter), horse-laugh, guffaw; mm- 
run hohotuM (myOs:) roar of laughter. 

hohtaa shine, shimmer, gleam; glisten [In 
the moonlight, kuunvalossa] , glare; (kl- 
maltaa) glitter, glinmoer; (behkua) glow; 
(sAteillA) beam, radiate, be resplendent 
[with, Jostakinj; jsa ^ kylnUia the ice 
chills: taivtu ^ pwudamita (\. punmiamnm) 
the sky glows (red), there Is a red shim- 
mer (1. glow) on the sky. hohtaminan 
shining, sblnmiering, gleaming Jne., vrt. 
edell. hohtava shining, shimmering, gleam- 
ing, lustrous; glistening, glittering; (beb- 
kuva) glowing; (klrkas) bright; brilliant; 
hohtavan vulkoinan glistening white; (bAl- 
kftisevfin) blinding white; hoktavan pwmmi' 
nan bright (1. fire-) red; kuUalta kohimum 
shining like gold. 

hohtimat plnc(h)er8, pliers; (suuremmat) 
tongs. 

hohto ks. hohde. hohtoi nan, hohtoiaa shim- 
mering, gleaming: shining, shiny, re- 
splendent, glittering, glaring; lustrous: 
(hohtava) brilliant: vmlkoiaan koktoinmn 
shining white: vrt. kullanhohtoinen. 

hohtokivl sparkling gem (1. stone); bril- 
liant, -korlata ornament of brilliants. 

hohtokivlnen . . set with brilliants. 

hohtokivicormus ring set with brilliants; 
(timantti-) diamond ring: 

hoi ho (1. hey), there! hollo(a)! holla! 
halloo (there)! (mer.) ahoy! 

hoidanu = hoito. 

hoidella (at) tend [(to) a sick person, sal- 
rasta], look after (1. out for), mind [the 
baby, lasta], take (good 1. proper) care 
of; nurse [a baby, (syll)lasta; a sick per- 
son, sairasta] ; nourish [a plant, kasvia], 
cherish; ^ hoavaa tend to (I. dress) a 
wound: minun oii koidmitmom kavtimfii I 
had to care for (I. look after 1. see to I. 
see about) my horse; vrt. vaaUa. 

hoidokaa, holdokki (holhokkl) ward; (esim. 
kunnan hoidettavana oleva) dependent: 
(asukas) inmate; (salras) patient, hpido- 
ton uncared for; (laiminlyOty) neglected. 

hoijakka merry-go-round; (Engl.) round- 
about. 

hoikentaa make (more) slender (1. slim); 
thin (down), make .. thin(ner); make .. 



MkMiUia 



— 103 — 



holhoU 



trim, trim down; (huipenUa) taper 
(down), holkeniua ks. hoiksta. 

boikata become (1. get) more slender, gret 
(I. grow 1. become) thinner (1. slimmer); 
(buipentua) taper [upward, yl6spiin]. 

hojkka (bintelft) slender [pole, salko], 
slim; (ohut) thin; (hoilakka) lanky, lean; 
" M wmrim litbe; hoihmi mSMr^t thin (1. 
splndltnff) le^. -kaulalnan thin- (1. slen- 
der- )necked. -aiiflnen thin-legged, spin- 
dle-legged (1. -shanked). 

hoikkanaa ks. kolkata. hoi kkanami nan grow- 
ing thinner; tapering, hoikkanava tapering. 

hoikkuua slendemess, slimness; thinness; 
lankiness, leanness. 

hoilakka lank(y), spindling; lathy; thin. 
hollakkuua lanklness. thinness. 

hoilata, hoilaua ks. boUottaa, hoUotus. 

iMilottaa yell, shout, halloo; (meluta) bawl, 
brawl; ^ latdnm, Imulma ^ yell a song at 
the top or one's voice, hoilottaja brawler. 
hollotua yelling, shouting, hallooing; 
bawl(ing), brawl(lng). 

hoiporrolia stagger [like a drunken man, 
juopuneen lailla], reel; lurch; (heikkou- 
desU) totter; vrt. horjua. hoipartalami- 
nan, hoiportolu staggering, reeling; tot- 
tering. 

hoippua totter; lurch, roll; (notkua) rock, 
sway; (horjua) waver, falter, vacillate: 
(hoiperrella) stagger, reel; '^ mlnn€ etfnn* 
sway to and fro, waver (to and fro), vac- 
illate, hoippuminon tottering, lurching 
jne., vrt. edell. hoippuroida « hoiperrella. 

iMitaa take (1. have the) care [of one, jota- 
kuu], look after, mind, see to; attend; 
(vaaiia. hoivata) tend, nurse [a baby, las- 
tal, cherish, nourish; (Johtaa) manage 
[the household, taloutta; a business, lii- 
ketti], conduct [the correspondence, klr- 
jevaihtoa; the affairs in the absence df 
one. asiolta jonkun polssaollessa] , direct, 
admin lister (1. -Istrate) [the estate of the 
decea.5ed. kuolinpesift] ; "^ csMeoon (aO- 
tend to one's business, take care of one's 
affairs; ^ Iwvosia (my^s:) groom the 
horses; ~ fmonomti not look after . . prop- 
erly, take bad care of, mismanage [one's 
business. lIlkettiAn], neglect (to take 
proper care of . .); ^ [lapsla] hyvin take 
good care of [the children], manage well 
the affairs, asloita] ; ^ itB€San look after 
6.S., take good (1. proper) care of o.s.; - 
mtmmJBuuttmn take rare of one's property, 
administer (1. manage) one's estate; *» 
•pmtumta [historlassa] attend to the clas- 
ses fin history], have the Instruction [of 
history] In one's hands, be teaching [his- 
tory] : ^ ^maimrhaa take care Of (1. cul- 
tlvau-) a (rard(in: — tair^tm attend a pa- 

kmkiin taiv^rt^ ke*:p hmjHP (I. hi* & h<nj*p- 
k^v*'f> fiJi" «'"*?. h*v^ ihe carp M. th*? 
irianairHn«]»t) or a p/s fjciTise; - tmre^yt- 
iMMn take <*arf of one's health; - !«/*« Jit- 
UntM it. **?!*) I<> the Hfr- - Jotaklii tainta 
flHrNarr^ Ihft duUc* of an orrire, fill tl]#» 
pniltlou [of ..), (vil*»ikai^estu Hit a 
iwjsltjiid pm X*^m.; ^ Joukun virmntU^tutit- 
tm be aiit)Btautmg Tnr one. he takinff a 
II*- i piart> ((cmporartiy), iliou!tjj^«a;i b« 
tiRlflf CAff* of a p/!« rla^se.^ i\ti Ul!?^ ab- 
mim; hitn All iMMkBrin hvdtHaoana ll« 

ra aiMlar medical treitrrient, lift 1 8 nini^r 

Ilia ^l&nor'a emtt-, hSn on mitntn hoidmtia- 

gm^atd Ha 11 under ih in) my care (I. in 
TTiv rharirfl). Vm laltmf care of (1. Jookhi? 
»rt*ri htm. f alt"»ml to hlni, 
Moltaja ki't^p^r, allenfiant: raretak«r: eus- 
lAiSian, Itifi0»*«ija1 ipnarrtian, festlm. r»e- 
ilni admmiitralor, imi^-^ atlininli^tratirlx 



(plur. -rices); (esim. lllkkeen) manager; 
hmvosfn '^ (myOs:) hostler, groom; ko- 
nmmn [Untuimn] '^ the roan in charge (1. 
who has (1. had) charge) of the machine 
[of the birds] ; nykyinmn viran '» the one 
who holds the position at present, the 
present incumbent; vrt. lapsen^, liik- 
keen'*', talouden^*', tUan^*' y. m. hoitajatar 
woman attendant; (lapsen-, sairaan-) 
nurse, hoitamaton unattended, untended. 
not taken care of, (esim. Hike) not (prop- 
erly) attended to, (lalmlnlyOty) neglected. 
hoitamattomuua lack of (proper) care; 
(huollmattomuus) carelessness; (laimin- 
lyOnti) negligence, neglect, hoiuminan 
taking care of, tending [to . .] ; manage- 
ment, administration; (virkavelvolllsuuk- 
siensa y. m.) discharge; vrt. boito. 

hoitolu tending [to ..], nursing, nourish- 
ing; vrt. bDidella. 

hollo care; attendance; (lapsen, sairaan y. 
m.) nursing; (Iftftk.) cure, course of (med- 
ical) treatment; (hallinto) administration, 
management; (vlrkavelvoUlsuuksien y. m.). 
discharge; hoidon puuttmrnaaa oitva neg- 
lected, uncared for, (esim. maatila) run 
down; oneoa hoitoa foiUkulU give one 
[the best] care, attend to one; haao^imn ^ 
dressing of the wounds; hampaidtn ^ 
care of the teeth; [olla] fonkun hoidoaaa 
[be] under the care of . . , (holhottavana) 
[be] under a p.'s guardianship; [Jttttfttt] 
hnkwm koitoon [leave] in a p.'s care, 
(huostaan) [leave] In a p.'s charge (I. 
custody 1. keeping); pnntarAan ^ care (1. 
cultivation) of the garden; tarvita^t (\. 
voatii) koitoa needs (1. requires) atten- 
tion (1. care); vrt. karjan^, iKMkKrin-^, 
inetsihi«», puutarban'*', sairaan'*', talou- 
deii'*^, terveydeii'*^ y. m. 

holtolalua territory under a p.'s Jurisdic- 
tion; district, -kuttannuksat (tonkin) 
charge for the rare of ..; (hallinto-) 
cost(s) of administration. 

hoitolai nan = boldokaa. 

holtoRlaltoa home; asylum; (sairaiden) hos- 
pital, -lapti foster-child; nursling; (tur- 
vattl) client; (holhokki) ward, •-piiri = 
hoit3alu«. -iapa cure; method of treatment. 

hoiva (hoito) care; (suoja) shelter, protec- 
tion; (huojennus) relief, comfort, ease, al- 
leviation; ottoa ioJku koiviinsa take care (1. 
charge) of one; aoocfa koivaa get shelter (I. 
protection), (huojennusta) get relief (1. 
comfort), hoivaaminan taking care of: shel- 
tering; protecting; relieving, allevlatlntr. 
hoivallla (holdella) nurse fa p.. Jotakuta]. 
cherish, hoivata (holtaa) nurse, tend, take 
good care of, cherish; (suojata) shelter, 
shield, protect; (huojentaa) relieve, allevi- 
ate, ease, allay. 

hokaa say again and again, tell over ani 
over, keep on repeating, repeat (several 
times), reiterate; ko^taan attu .. (huhuil- 
laan) It is rumored that . . , everybody 
says that . . , it's the talk of the town 
that . . . hokaminan continuous repeating, 
reiteration, repetition. 

hokittaa (kftrttAft) worry, bother. 

hokka ca(u)lk, heel-calk; toe-calk; (kanta) 
heel (of a horseshoe). 

hoktaavainan quick- (1. ready-)witted. clev- 
er; (huomaavalnen) observant. hok*ata 
(huomata) notice, observe: (keksifl) find 
out, discover, hit upon: (ajatella) think of. 

holho (holhous) guardianship, wardship; 
(hoito) care; (suoJa) shelter. 

holhooja guardian, -hallltut regency. 

holhota (hoitaa) take (1. have the) care of. 
care for, tend to; (el&ttftfl) support, main- 
tain; (suojata) guard, protect, shelter; 



holhotti 



— 104 — 



hpp«olmln«ii 



(olla bolhoojana) be a gruardian [for one, 
Jotakutal ; oUa ionknn holhottacana be un- 
der tbe gruardlansbip of a p.« be under a 
pJs chargre (1. care), holhotti client; ward; 
dependent; poika on minun hoihottini tbe 
boy is under my care. 

holhous gruardiansblp, wardship, tutelage; 
off a hothoukBmn altUfna be under a guard- 
ian, be a ward; panna hoihonkBmn olaiBmkMi 
place under a guardian, place In the charge 
(I. care) of guardian, -lautakunta (1. v.) 
the guardians, -toiml guardianship; du- 
ties of a guardian. 

holhu » holhous. -valu authority as a 
guardian. " 

holjua rock, shake; wag. holjuttaa rock, 
shake; wag. 

hollannlnkieli Dutch. 

Hollanti Holland; vrt. Alankamaat. hoiianti- 
lalnan I. (a.) Dutch; II. (s.) Dutchman, Hol- 
lander; hollanHlaiatt the Dutch (men). 

hoilillhovonen stage-horse; relay-horse, -kyy- 
ti relay, -mies (h)ostler, stableman; stage 
(-coach) driver, -tupa stagehouse; (renki- 
tupa) hired men's room, -vili stage; stop. 

holottaa (puhua ^) swagger, bluster; rant; 
iaa ailnH hotota (jkpv.) shut up (there)! 
shut your mouth (1. head)! holotut swag- 
gering; ranting. 

holskua (S) plash; vmsi hoiMkna aaappaimmani 
the water squelches (1. squashes) in my 
boots. 

holtiton limp (myOs kuv.). holtlttomasti 
limply: (kuv.) weakly, (harkltsemattomas- 
ti) tactlessly, indiscreetly, holtittomuut 
limpness; lack (1. want) of tact, holtti: 
aim mimhmllU mi olm mitSUn hotttia (Jkpv.) 
that man is as limp as a rag (1. a cat), 
(kuv.) that man hasn't any more backbone 
than a piece of india-rubber. 

holvaaminen arching, vaulting, holvata arch, 
vault [a ceiling, katto]. holvaus arch(ing), 
vault(ing). 

holvl (rak.) vault, -hauta vault, tomb, sep- 
ulcher. -Jalka abutment (of an arch), 
-kaari arch. 

holvikaa arched, vaulted. 

hoi vill katto vaulted (1. arched) roof, -kat- 
toinen . . with a vaulted roof, -kiytivi 
archway, vaulted (1. arched) passage- 
(-way); arcade, -laki crown (of an arch); 
keystone. 

hoivimiUnen vaulted, holvimuoto Torm of 
arch; holvimuotoia forms of arches, holvi- 
poptti archway, arch, holvlttaa » halvata. 

home mo(u)Id; (kankaissa y. m.) mildew; 
(nesteisstt y. m.) must; (vasken-) verdi- 
gris, homohtua get (1. become) moldy, 
mold, homohtuma (formation of) mold. 
homehtunut, homeinen moldy, musty, ho- 
mei-ruua moldiness, mustlness. 

homepilkku spot of mold; (liinavaatteissa) 
mildew. 

Homeroa Homer. 

homesleni mold (fungus) ; (kasveissa) mildew. 

homma care(s); (touhu, puuha) hustle, bus- 
tle, pother; fuss, ado; (valva) trouble; 
(tehtttvft) . . to do: duty, duties; business; 
(ty6) work; (yrltys) effort, exertion; un- 
dertaking, enterprise; (Jonkin honunaami- 
nen. Jarjestfiminen) arrangement, manage- 
ment: kaikmniaimta hommaa all kinds of 
duties, many (1. varied) cares; kanan horn- 
mahai aa lUi Who is to look after it? cila 
hommaaaa (touhussa) be on the move (1. 
the go 1. the hustle), (httftria) be busy: 
oila hommaaaa tahdd fotakin be hustling to 
do a th., make every effort to do a th., 
(aikeessa) intend (1. be preparing) to do a 
th.; ofia kovaaaa hommaaaa be hard at it (1. 
hard at work), be making a great effort; 



be straining every nerve [to do a th.], 
leave no stone unturned [to do a th.]; 
potion hommaa much (1. a lot) to do, many 
duties, many things to do (1. to arrange), 
a great deal on one's hands; vrt. muutto'*. 
hommaaminen hustling, bustling; (jftrjes- 
t&minen) managing, arranging; vrt. hom- 
mata. hommailla busy o.s., be busy Jabout 
the house, talouseskareissa] ; hustle, bus- 
tle; be doing; (nopostella) tinker [at a tb., 
Jotakin] ; vrt. hommata. hommakaa busy, 
alive, active, hommamloa hustler; (toi- 
meenpanija) arranger, manager, homimita 
be busy [about ..], be doing; (hiftria) 
hustle, bustle; (jarjestSfl, tolmeenpanna) 
arrange (about) [a banquet, pldot], make 
arrangements for (1. about), manage; 
(hankkia) get, procure; (huolehtia) take 
care of, look after (1. out for); honunata 
pHoja (myOs:) plan a banquet; ndnU otan 
hommatiUtaani havoaat I Shall (1. I'll) see 
about getting (the) horses; mita aiaila horn- 
maiaan (mitfl on tekeill&) what's going on 
there ? 

hongikko, liongiato pine -wood, pine -grove: 
(honkametsfl) pine-forest. 

honka (Scotch) pine, Scotch fir. honkalnon 
. . (made) of pine, pine [board, lauta] . 

honkailmatai pine forest, -puu (kasvava) 
pine-tree; (puuaineena) pine. 

honottaa talk through the nose, talk with a 
nasal twang. 

hontelo lank(y), slender, scraggy. 

hopoa silver; hopaaa aiaHltavii kM a silver - 
bearing (1. an argentiferous) rock; hopaai 
silverware. 

hopoa- (yhd.) silver [eslm. -aika silver age: 
-lanka Silver thread; -luaikka Sliver spoon; 
-malja Silver bowl], silver- [esira. -hapai' 
nan Silver-haired; ^kaivoa silver -mine: 
'kUrkinan Silver-pointed (1. -tipped)]. -«s- 
tla silver dish, -aatiasto silver set (1. ser- 
vice), -oalno piece of silver, -haapa (kasv.) 
white poplar, silver (-leaf) poplar, -hapsot 
silver hair, -harkko bar (I. Ingot) of silver. 
*-hala silver mounting; hopaahatat (myOs:) 
sliver fittings, -holainon silver-mounted, 
mounted in silver, -hiuksot — hopeahap- 
sat. -hohdo (miner.) argentite. -hilt silver 
wedding. 

hopoainon •= hopelnen. 

hopoallkanta silver standard, -kauai silver 
age. -kuorinon: hopaaktiorinan katlo a watch 
with a silver case, (tav.) silver watch, 
-mitali silver medal, -miiri amount (I. 
percentage) of silver; fineness. 

hopoan- (yhd.) silver- [eslm. -harmaa sil- 
ver-gray; "vHrinan Silver -colored], -holoi 
clear as silver; hopaanhalaU HSni silver (I. 
silvery) voice, -hohtolnon . . (with a) sil- 
very (sheen), -kirkaa (as) bright (1. clear) 
as silver, sllver(y). -pitoinon containing 
silver, silver-bearing, -pitoisuut percent- 
age of silver, -valkoa silver-white, silvery, 
hoary [hair, tukka]. -virinon (myOs:) 
silvery. 

hopoadponninki: 30 hopaapanninkW (raam.) 
30 pieces of silver, -porit silver chain, 
-raha silver coin; silver; onko ainuUa yh- 
tSSn hopaarahaa (mukanaai) have you any 
silver (1. change) about you? -aoppi sil- 
versmith, -ailainen slivered, silver-plated, 
-tilaut (sliver- )platlng. -tolklnon . . with 
a silver buckle, . . with silver buckles, 
^tavara silverware, -tooa 1. -tyd sllverwork. 

hopoinen sliver [watch, taskukello] ; (har- 
venunlnr) silvery, . . (made) of silver. 

hopooida silver (-plate), plate (with silver); 
hopaoitu Silver-plated, hopooimaton unsll- 
vered. hopoolmlntfn silver-plating, plating 
with silver. 



— 106 — 



houpailla 



tell over and over. 

iMppu (kllre) haste, hurry; ol/« hopuasa be 
in s hurry, hopusti (joutuin) qulck(ly). 
hoputua hasten . . (on), hurry (1. urgre 1. 
spur 1. press) on; urgre, press, push [one 
to do a th.. Jotakuta tekem&ftn Jotakin] ; 
Jkapvftoc hmMfostamn urge one*s horse on. 
liopttttaja ^ader-on. hoputtami nen, hopu- 
toa hasteninfir, urg'ingr (1. pressing 1. push- 
ing) on. 

Horatiua Horace. 

bopitontaalin^n horizontal, horlsonttl (tal- 
vaanranta) horizon. 

Iiariau (hourallla) be delirious, wander (In 
one's mind); (hupsutella) have gone mad 
(I. crazy): (puhua Joutavia) talk nonsense 
(I. rubbish). 

bopjahdalla (keep) stagger(ing), keep stum- 
bling, horjahdua stumbling, stumble; 
(kuv.) slip, misstep, fault, lapse, horjah- 
dnttaa cause . . to stumble, make . . totter; 
vrt. horJuttsA. horjahtaa stagger; (kom- 
pastua) stumble [forward, eteenp&in], 
trip: (hairahtua) err; (luopua) deviate, 
digress: twrhhtma tottmdan HaltU (eksyfl) 
wander from the truth; horiahti ja kaatai 
stumbled and fell, toppled over, horjahta^ 
ninan staggering; stumbling; erring; vrt. 
koriahdttft. 

hefjua stagger, reel, lurch; (Jftrkkyft) tot- 
ter, shake, rock; (kompastella) stumble; 
(kuv.) vacillate, waver; hesitate; tempo- 
rize: '* pastSkaMBBSSn be irresolute, be un- 
certain (1. unsettled) in one*s mind, waver 
in one's resolution, (be a) shilly-shally; 
harfumn staggering(ly). with a stagger, 
tottering (ly). horjumaton unshakable, un- 
shaken; inmiovable: not wavering (1. vacil- 
lating); (vankka) steadfast [resolve. pft&- 
t6s], staunch, firm [in one's resolution, 
pUtOksess&An], stable, resolute; (jftrkky- 
mit^n) unflinching, unfaltering, horju- 
mattomuua firmness. steadfastnesSt ^^^ 
^tarif-y, ^stal^Hiiy: imflinrhinK' stamL hor- 
jtjmifieo ^lasrsferinp. reellnir Jfia.: vrt. hor- 
ju^ fK>pJiitt«« caiiSf* , . to totUr, shuKe 
(myO* Kiiv): (kuv,) rause .. to \iflvpr, 
«n**tlI#'L iinrlBrmUiP. Iiorjiivainfln totter- 
mgt sljaiting:; (kuv,) wav^^rlng-, Vftrlliatms; 
«piAt14m«t6n) in<lec(s»lve ri^haractftr. iiinn- 
tvfl: (epavarma) unrertaia; Cfr»avflkfla> 
finM<>ady, iin?ishle, hor)u»ali«ni toitpi- 
mgly; (kuv.) waFprinK:ly, Inflnrfsfvofy, nri- 
st*artllv; m a sniliy'^haliy way. hopjuvai- 
itim tin?tPafHn*^s«; JoTlert^lon, trrp^tolnllon; 
V Affiliation: ne^ltatlon: MniSmiMmn ftor/u- 
t«i*tiiT« ^^myo?') ttie pKmunriatlon nut Jn!- 
mr li\M n, ?icttJen upon). 

iMrkiia asTUi": Intermltt^'nt fever; (malaria) 
maiana- (ikpv) n^iii^ and fever, ^tilikl 
leiiimJ malaHal mof^qtJtlo. 

ni tpuhallustonn tube ^>f a b^lla-vis). 
iibyss^ the bottom!i»i^^ p\l: bell. 
• ihiFTiian^'y. iHTmrfrv. tonu>r. ?ltli^^.^^ 
trance: karhu makma taipmn horrak*i*Ma ihe 

bear hibernates; oils horrohaiaMa (unen-) 
doze, (tiedottomana) be (1. lie) uncon- 
scious, (esim. karhu) lie dormant (myds 
kuv.); vrt. imeii^. -tlla (state of) lethar- 
gy, torpor; oUa horroatllaaaa lie dormant, 
be in a state of lethargy, -uni lethargic 
sleep. 

hortma (kasv.) (great) willow-herb, fire- 
weed. 

hoalaniMi (kirk.) hosanna! 

hoapitaall (sairaala) hospital.* 

hoaiM (huitoa) fight [the mosquitoes, etc.] 
with one's arms, lay about one. gesticulate 
(madly); (huiskia) swing (about), fling 
(I. throw) .. about; (lyftdft) beat, strike 
[at ..]. whip, smack; (ruoskia) thrash. 



drub; (tehdft Jotakin kilreesti) do .. hur- 
riedly; ^ MaiiliUin (esim. puhujasta:) saw 
the air. throw one's arms about; "^ poia 
hyttyaid fight off the mosquitoes; >« ym- 
pkriiUmn lay about one (to right and left). 
(lyOdft) strike about (one), hptuminen, 
hoaunta laying about one. fighting (with 
one's arms), mad gesticulating; swinging, 
flinging about; beating, striking; thrash- 
ing, drubbing; hurried work. 

hotalaaminen swallowing, devouring; glut- 
ting, gorging, hotaitta (nielalsta) swallow, 
devour; rsy5d& ahneesti) glut, gorge, gulp, 
bolt [one's food, ruokansa] ; ty^dU hottdata 
strike quickly, give a rap. rap. 

hotallia, hotaisiin, hoteltaa ks. bode. 

hotolli hotel, -laaku hotel bill. 

hotallinomlataja hotel proprietor. 

hotkla gorge, glut, gulp; bolt [one's food, 
ruokansa] . 

hoto (ahne) gluttonous; greedy. 

hottentotti(lalnen) Hottentot. 

hottlnen (elftint.) house -sparrow. 

houkka I. (a.) silly, foolish. (Jkpv.) crazy. 
H. (s.) fool, idiot; simpleton; HotMkkak-* 
ol«e[, kun niin taat] don't you think (1. 
can't you see) that you are making a fool 
of yourself [in doing that] ? houkkio = 
houkka, 11. 

houkutaila allure, entice [(in)to, johonkin] ; 
(kiusata) tempt, (kehotella) persuade; (vie- 
tellA) beguile (1. seduce 1. inveigle) [into, 
Johonkin] ; (vetfift puoleensa) attract; ^ 
Joku ilmtdaamaan aaltdanaa worm (I. fish I. 
draw) the secret out of a p.; '^ loltaktdta 
iotakin (mielistelyllft, imartelulla y. m.) 
coax (1. wheedle 1. cajole) a th. out of a p.: 
«- jotakuta iSSmM&n yokai try to persuade 
one to stay over night; ^ Joku varaata- 
moan tempt one to steal, lead one into 
stealing; hotdmttalava kS. hakus.; ahdotua 
hoakuttaiaa minaa (mlellyttftft) the propo- 
sition appeals to me (1. pleases me 1. looks 
good to me 1. is attractive to me); Aa/un 
hotikuttalatnana allured (1. attracted) by 
the smell ; kuka koakattali ainnt aitd lupaa- 
maan who enticed (1. overpersuaded) you 
to make (I. into making) that promise? 
who got that promise from you? who 
coaxed (1. wheedled) that promise out of 
you? 

houkutin allurement, enticement; attraction. 
houkuttaieminen alluring, enticing Jne., 
vrt. houkutella: fonkin loltaktdta houkttt- 
talatninan coaxing a th. out of a p. hou- 
kuttaleva enticing, alluring; tempting [of- 
fer, tarjous] ; attractive [offer, tarjous] ; 
houkuttalava tilaiauua a most opportune 
occasion; aa on hyvin houkuttaUvaa that's 
very tempting (I. attractive), that looks 
very good (to me), houkutteievatti entic- 
ingly, alluringly; temptingly; attractively. 
houkuttaiija tempter: seducer. 

houkuttelu enticing, alluring, tempting; in- 
veigling [into, Johonkin] ; (talvuttamalla) 
persuasion; koukuttalutta )a palottalulla by 
persuasion and (by) intimidation, -kyky 
power (1. gift) of persuasion; persuasive 
power. 

houkutut (houkutin) lure; allurement, en- 
ticement: attraction: (syOttI) halt; (klu- 
saus) temptation; (kehottelu) persuasion: 
houkutnkailla ia uhkaukailla by persuasion 
and threats (1. browbeating), -keino means 
of enticement, lure, decoy, -kyky persua- 
sive power, -lintu decoy (-duck). 

houralieminen raving, wandering; dreaming. 
houraillja one who raves (1. wanders 1. is 
delirious) ; visionary, (dav-) dreamer, crank. 
hpuraiila (taudissa) be delirious; be wan- 
dering (in one's mind), be out of one's 



houpallu 



— 106 



hulmaUi 



mind (I. head), (raivoten) rave; (kuv.) liave 
gone mad (1. crazy), talk crazy; (baaveksla) 
dream, hourailu ravm^Cs); delirium; men- 
tal aberration; (kuv.) crazy talk (1. Ideas); 
(baavellu) fancies, day-dreams, hourautua 
go mad, get crazy; kourtmduin ontamaan 
I was roollsb (1. crazy) enough to give. 

hour« (l&ftk.) delirium; (hourekuva) chime- 
ra, phantasm; (oikullinen p&flh&npisto) 
crazy notion, freak, whim; haur^mt rav- 
ings, delirium; (kuv.) fancies, (oikut) 
freaks, whims; hourmiBaa(an) while deliri- 
ous, in a fit of delirium, during his rav- 
ings; vrt. kuume'*', unen~. houreinen de- 
lirious, . . wandering in one's mind, light- 
headed. 

hour«|]koht«ua attack of delirium, delirious 
fit. -kuv* chimera; phantom, phantasm. 

houria » hourailla. hourio delirium. 

houru madman, lunatic. 

houpuinhoito care of lunatics (I. of the In- 
sane). -iaini4UldintA legislation concerning 
the care of the insane, -laitot insane (I. 
lunatic) asylum, madhouse. 

houpula insane asylum, madhouse. 

houru Hpiinen mad, crazy; (heikkomtelinen) 
deranged, out of one's mind, insane, -pil- 
syys madness, craziness; Insanity. 

houtuliangas cloth for trousers. 

houtunllkannattlmet (pair of) braces, sus- 
penders. <-lahJ« trouser leg, pants leg. 
-nappi pants button. -t««l(u trousers (I. 
pants) pocket. -vydtirA (trousers) waist- 
band. 

housut trousers, pantaloons, (Jkpv.) pants; 
(lav. polvi-) breeches; (pikkupoiklen) 
knickerbockers; vrt. alus^. hoututon . . 
without trousers (1. pants). 

hovl court: (herraskartano) manor-house (1. 
-seat); (tila) manorial estate; hoviaaa at 
court, -elimi court life; -life at court. 
-hankkija purveyor to the court, -herra 
courtier. -Jahtimestari (1. v.) royal forest- 
er, -maraalkka master of the (royal) house- 
hold. -mMtari majordomo; (hotellelssa) 
head waiter, -mies courtier, -nalnen court- 
lady; lady in waiting, -narri court -fool, 
king's Jester, -neiti maid of honor; lady 
in waiting (to the queen). 

hovioikeudenllaaeasorl (1. v.) associate Judge 
of the Court of Appeals, -presidentti pre- 
siding Judge (1. chief Justice) of the Court 
of Appeals. 

hovilloikeua (1. v.) Court of Appeals, -pal- 
velua service at court, -palveluakunta 
court attendants, courtiers, -piiri: hovi- 
piirmiaaS in court Circles, -polka page. 
-puku court dress, -puolue court party (I. 
faction), -runoilija court poet; (Engl.) 
poet laureate, -saarnaaja court chaplain. 
-«uru court mourning, -ullimettari royal 
equerry, -tavat court customs (1. man- 
ners); court etiquette, -viki courtiers. 

Hudaonin-lahti Hudson Bay. Hudsonin-aaimi 
Hudson Strait. 

huganotti (hist.) Huguenot. 

huhkain, huhkaja ks. huuhkaja. 

huhkia (kllt6M) dart, dash, .speed; (suhista) 
whiz(z). 

huhmar (wooden) mortar. 

huhta burned-over clearing In a forest. 

huhtikuu April; huhtiktmn ilma April weath- 
er; huhtiknun pSivS an April day. 

huhu rumor, report; huhuna karrotaan the 
report goes, a report Is current, a rumor 
Is afloat, It is rumored (about) [that . . , 
ettft . .1, there Is a rumor; huhun mukaan 
according to report (1. to a rumor), by re- 
port ; kuulin huhuna mainittavan, «fttf . . 
I heard It rumored that . . , I heard a ru- 
mor that . . . 



huhuileminen *° huhuilu. huhuilla 1. (huu- 
taa) call (loudly), halloo; 2. (huhuta) ru- 
mor, report; (kertoa) relate; huhuiUaan, 
9tts . . It is rumored (1. whispered about) 
that . . . huhuilu 1. halloomg; 3. rumoring, 
whispering. 

huiota be dazzled (I. blinded) [by, Jostakin]. 

huijari swindler, sharper; (veljarl) cheat- 
(er); (petturl) impostor; vrt. hevos^. hul- 
Jata swindle, cheat; (pett&tt) defraud, hui- 
Jaua swindling, swindle; humbug, cheat- 
(ing); Imposture. 

huikaiaeva 1. = hJUkSisevX; 3. =» buimaava. 
huikaiaU (haikftlstft) dazzle, (make . .) 
blind; (pyOrryttftft, hulmata) make . . gid- 
dy (I. dizzy); pSatSni huikaiamm (hulmaa) 
my head swims; BilmiSni huikaiaam (hfllkftl- 
see) my eyes are dazzled (1. blinded), (hul- 
maa) my eyes swim. 

huikata 1. (huutaa) shout; halloo^ 2. (vaih- 
taa) trade, barter (off), (Jkpv.) swap. 

huikea (tulma) sharp [cry, huuto; hunger, 
n&lk&l, intense, acute; vehement, violent; 
(suuri) huge [sum, sununa], big [crowd, 
liuta] ; huihman muuH enormously large, 
huge, hulkoaati sharply, acutely, vehement- 
ly; in huge numbers. 

huikenneila be fickle, be flighty, be Incon- 
stant; be reckless; be frivolous, be giddy, 
be flippant, huikentaievainen fickle, in- 
constant, flighty, changeable; (kevytmleli- 
nen) light-minded, emp^y-headed; frivol- 
ous, giddy, flippant; reckless; loose; vrt. 
hmiyvMinen. hulkentalevaisotti inconstant- 
ly, with fickleness, fllghtlly; flippantly, 
frivolously; recklessly; loosely, huikenta- 
levaiauua fickleness, inconstancy, flighti- 
ness; frivolity, flippancy; recklessness; 
looseness; vrt. buikentelevalaen. 

hulkeua sharpness; vehemence; hugeness. 

huikkaua 1. (huuto) shout, call, cry; 2. 
(valhdanta) bartering, (Jkpv.) swapping. 

huiiahduttaa let go; mannH ^ speed, hurry 
(1. fly) [past, ohll. 

huilu flute; ks. soittaa. -niekka flutist. 

huilunHaoitiaJa flute-player, flutist. -aoKto 
playing the (I. on a) flute. 

hullulltaitupi flutist, -iinl (mus.) flute note: 
flute-Ilke tone. 

huima frisky, romping, boisterous, madcap: 
mettlesome rhorse, hevonen] ; (hllUtdn) 
unchecked [mirth, llo], uncontrollable, un- 
manageable; (rohkea) daring, bold; (hur- 
.ia) reckless, fierce, wild; (mIeletOn) fool- 
ish, foolhardy; (hulIu) mad, frantic; ~ 
nuoruhainmn unmanageable (1. reckless) 
youth: ^ fmppu daring feat, (uhkaroh- 
kea) reckless feat; '^ yritya daring (1. 
hold) attempt. huim«ava giddy, dizzy 
r height, korkeus] ; huim«uuHta vauhtia at a 
dizzy (1. breakneck) speed: huimamfan 
korkmalla at a dizzy height. huimaitU 1. 
= huimata; 2. (lyOdS) rap. Slap, bang, 
thwack, (jkpv.) whack. 

huimallpyAri ks. vauhtipybrii. -pilnen dar- 
ing, dashing, rashdy adventurous), reck- 
lessdy bold); overdarJnjr, foolhardy, dare- 
devil, madcap; (ra|u) wild: (epfttoivoinen) 
desperate: (J&rjet5n) foolish, -piiayya dar- 
ing, temerity, rashness, recklessness; fool- 
hardiness; foolishness; wildness. -pit 
madcap; daredevil. 

huimatti friskily, boisterously: without re- 
straint: recklessly: fiercely, wildly; fool- 
ishly: madly, frantically. 

huimata make .. dizzy (I. giddy); (huuma- 
ta) stun; (hammentaft) bewilder, muddle: 
puatiini huimtu I feel giddy (1. dlzzy). mv 
head swims, my eyes swim; pHatUni hui- 
maa /o mUH ajtitHUMBonikin the very thought 



iOl' 



hukkiM 



or ft makes me dlszy* when I think or it 
my head is m a whirl (1. my head swims). 

NHnmim 1. (sense oO griddlness. dizziness, 
swtmmint sensation In the head, (l&^k.) 
vertiro; (h&mmennys) bewilderment; 2. 
<lyOoti) lash, rap, smart blow. 

buMnbi (ly6da) rap, slap, bang, wallop, 
thrash, beat; (hosua) right [with one's 
arms, k&Siliaan]; ^ t^ooBia pUBkaltaan 
keep whipping one's horse, wallop one*s 
borse; ^ ympMriUm€n vakihnko—a lay to 
hgbt and lert in the crowd, huimlnta rap- 
ping, slappmg Jne.; vrt. edell. 

iNiiniuua rrisklness, bolsterousness; un- 
manageableness; daring, boldness; reck- 
lessness, rierceness, wlldness; temerity, 
roolhardlness; roollsbness; madness; vrt. 

Iivlpeattta taper; point, huipentaminen ta- 
pering; pointmg. 

iNiipeu taper; become pointed: (hoiketa) 
grow more slender, huippeneminan taper- 
ing. huipp«n«va tapering. 

iMippa top, summit, peak; pinnacle; crown; 
(harJanne) ridge, crest; (kftrki) point; 
(korkeus) height; (huippukohta) culmina- 
tion, clhraax. acme; Indppttmua ks. kohota, 
■OTiste: rse on] hvMuudmn ^ [it's] the 
height or rollT, [It Is] the most roollsh 
thmg Imaginable; hSvyttBmyydmn ^ the 
height or insolence; htdhmn haipukMi (lis&k- 
si) on top or everything else; matfon «» 
top of a mast, masthead; onnmn hvdptdUa 
at the height or happiness, at the height (1. 
zenith) or success; pyramiidin ~ (myOs:) 
apex or a pyramid; pMdatM tiet^mn ylimmUU 
hmipmSttm reach the highest pinnacles or 
science; trnin ^ spire, steeple; nndtanta 
hai^tMm at the height (1. zenith) or one's 
power; vtmrmn kaiptMUa on the top (I. peak 
1. summit 1. crest) or the mountain. 

iMiippuin^n => hidpnkas; AorA«a^ kirkmn- 
tmrmi a Church with a high spire (I. stee- 
ple): htmi'^ snow-capped; ptdlat'*' vuori 
bald mountain. 

iMlppvikaaH (rak.) pointed (I. Gothic) arch, 
ogive. ' -kohta culmination, climax, acme, 
zmlth. -lakkl peaked cap. -pitte height, 
climax; summit, zenith; vrt. huippukohta. 
-•iv«l (mus.) dominant. 

Halppuvuoret Spltzbergen. 

Iiitlpiikaa peaked: pointed. 

bttle (eiaimia pois ajettaessa.) shoo, there! 

iHiiakAhdua toss- swing: dash; (hfinnailA) 
whisk; wag. nuiakahduttaa ning, toss; 
dash; (heiluttaa) swing; whisk [its tail, 
hannillUnl ; (lOyhytelll) ran. huiakahdut- 
tamlneffi ninging. tossing Jne., vrt. edell. 
Iiuitkauttaa »• buiskakduttaa. huitkahtaa 
t>e nung, be tossed, toss; whisk; (liikah- 
taa) stir, move (a little). 

huivkUi (hosua) right [with one's arms, kft- 
sllltanl. lay about one; rUng about; (lyO-- 
di) beat, lash; (hellutella) whisk; swing: 
wave; (Idyhytellft) ran; « MnnmtUtn (be) 
whlsk(ing) Its Ull; '^ piimkalUum Whisk 
one's whip; ^ pmim kUrpiMM whisk away 
nies. 

Iivivkllo (kasv.) corsrmb. huiakllomalnan co^ 
rymbose, coryrobed. 

huiakimliien riinging about; beating, lash- 
ing; whisking; swinging: waving; ranntng. 

huitkin: ^ hmi»kin (hujan hajan) helter- 
skelter, pell-mell, higgledy-piggledy, (mul- 
lin mallin) topsy-turvy; (sekaisin) in con- 
rusfon, promiscuously. 

iNiitka whisk (-broom). 

liulafciMi swing, sway; (huojua) rock, shake. 
iMiekvminen swinging Jne., vrt. edell. 

hvlakatlii wmsk. 



hui3kuttaa whisk [its tail, hftntftflnsilj ; (hei- 
luttaa) swing, wave [one's handkerchier in 
good-by, nenftllinaansa hyvastiksij ; (pu- 
dlstella) shake,, rock. Jolt, huiskuttamlnen, 
huiskutua whisking; swinging Jne., vrt. 
edell. 

huitaiau strike, hit . . a blow, give . . a rap 
(1. a slap); lash; >« kHdmimUn Hing (1. 
throw) out one's arm. Jerk one's arm; 
(merkiksi) motion (angrily), wave, hul- 
taitu rap, cut, lash, smart blow; riing, 
(angry) motion. 

huitoa rung, toss; (lydd&)beat; lash, thrash; 
(hosua) lay about one, right with one's 
arms, gesticulate (madly); ^-^ hmvoMtaan 
piiMkalla beat (1. lash 1. wallop) one's horse 
with a whip; >• ilmaa beat the air; >« k&ail' 
iSdn right with one's arms, lay about one; 
kuitoi knin huUu [kAsiman, keplllA y. m.l 
laid about him [with his arms, with a 
stick, etc.] like a madman, gesticulate! 
madly. (tyOnteossa) worked like mad (I. 
like a tiger I. like a Trojan), huitominen 
riinging, tossing; beating, thrashing; lay- 
ing about one. 

huivi cloth; kerchier; vrt. kaula^, pXM^. 

hujahdus (suhina) whiz, whistle; (vauhti) 
speed. 

huJan: <« kajan ks. huiskia (haiskin). 

hukata (menettttft) lose; (pudottaa) drop; 
(tublata) waste, squander, spend (useless- 
ly): ^ iiUht (metsftkoirasta puhuen:) lose 
(1. get orr) the scent (1. the track); dkaa 
kakkaanuiHa without losing any time, 
without delay. 

hukka 1. (a.) needless, unnecessary; (hyd- 
dytOn) useless, bootless; (tehoton) iner- 
reciual, inerrectlve; (hukkaanmennyt) mis- 
spent, wasted; (turha) vain, rutile; <« rmian 
needless (1. unnecessary 1. useless) trip, 
(epftonnistunut) unsuccessrul trip; '^ tyH 
vain (I. rruitless) work, labor lost, vrt. 
seur.; ^ vmva vain efrorts, useless trou- 
ble: ~ yritya an attempt without success 
(1. in vain), an abortive (1. a vain l.an unsuc- 
cessrul) attempt. II. (s.) (tappio, menetys) 
loss, waste; (turmio) destruction, ruin; 
kukkaan ks. beittKM, Jautua, kulua, menet- 
tSS, mennl; kukkaan joutnnut lost, (hu- 
kassa oleva) missing; kukkaan mannyt (\. 
ktdunat) misspent, wasted, (hyOdytOn) 
useless, rruitless. (turha) rutile, vain, 
(epftonnistunut) unsuccessrul, abortive, 
(pois heitetty) . . thrown away; kukkaan 
mannyt (l. kuluntit) alUmS a misspent (1. 
wasted 1. useless) lire: kukkaan m^nnyt 
ty8 Ua aika] rruitless labor, wasted ener- 
gy, [time and] labor thrown away; -^ mi- 
not parii you are lost, you are doomed 
(to destruction), (Jkpv.) you are a goner, 
(sinun kfty huonosti) you are bound (1. 
sure) to come to a bad end (1. to grieD, 
you will be sure to meet with a sad rate, 
it will go badly with you; afan ^ loss (1. 
waste) or time; oUa kukasaa be lost, be 
doomed (to destruction), (kadokslssa) be 
missing [huom. kan on kukaaaa he is lost, 
he is doomed (to destruction), (mennyttft 
miestft) he is done ror, his case is desper- 
ate: vrt. kadoft] ; kaikki on kukaaaa all is 
lost, all hope is gone (I. past). 

hukka III. (susi) woir. 

hukkaaminen losing; dropping: wasting, 
squandering, hukkaan (turhaan) in vain; 
to no purpose (1. use) ; vrt. hukka, II. huk- 
kaantua be (1. get) lost: (hftvitft) vanish; 
(mennft hukkaan) be wasted, go to waste. 

hukkua (veteen) drown, be drowned; (me- 
nettftft henkensft) perish, lose one's lire; 
(laivasta puhuen:) be lost (at sea), be 
wrecked, (upota) rounder, go down; (ka- 



hukkumlnsn 



— 108 — 



humaloltiMi 



dota) disappear, vanish; (Joutua kadokslin) 
ge% lost, go astray; hakkuu ylmimmmn hSU' 
nSSn is drowned (out) In the greneral hub- 
bub (1. hum): mind hukun I am drowning:! 
9ormukB9ni en hukkunnt my ring: iS lost, I 
have lost my ring, hukkuminen drowning; 
perishing; (laivan) foundering, (ship)- 
wreck; (menetys) loss* (katoamlnen) dis- 
appearing, vanishing, nukkunut (veteen-) 
drowned: (kadonnut) lost; hukkunm0n A«fi- 
kiin pmlastamintn restoration Of the (ap- 
parently) drowned. 

hukut: olla hukukmimaa (kadokslssa) be lost, 
be missing, have disappeared. 

hukuttaa (veteen) drown; (upottaa) sink; 
(kadottaa) lose; (raam. *» hflvittftft) de- 
stroy, hukuttaminen drowning; sinking; 
losing; destroying, hukuttautua (veteen) 
drowTi O.S., commit suicide by drowning. 

hulahdus splash(ing). hulahduttaa splash, 
swish; (kaataa) pour (with a splash), 
(Jkpv.) pour . . kerslosh. hulahtaa splash. 

huligaani (ilkityOn harjottaja) hooligan; 
hoodlum. 

hulikka (pytty) tub (for dough etc.); (mai- 
to- y. m.) wooden bowl. 

hulivill jolly fellow, happy-go-lucky; giudy- 
pate. 

huljua (astiassa) splash to and fro, swish 
about, swill around; (solua) glide, huiju- 
minen splashing to and fro, swishing about; 
gliding, huljuttaa (lUikyttfiil) splash to and 
fro, swls^i about; (pudlstaa) shake, toss, 
rock, huljutumlnen, huljutut splashing to 
and fro; shaking, tossing. 

hullaannuttaa (~ joku) turn one's brain, set 
one's brain in a whirl, drive one mad, make 
one mad (L crazy 1. frantic), hullaantua 
go (1. run) mad, go out of one's mind, be 
crazed (1. distracted), become (1. get) mad 
(1. crazy 1. frantic), become possessed; 
hullaantua iohonkuhan be(come) infatuated 
with one. hul Itanium I nen going (I. run- 
ning) mad; rrakastuminen) infatuation 
[with ..]. hullaantumus craze, mania; 
(Johonkuhun) Infatuation, huilaantunut . . 
out of one's mind (1. senses), crazy [after 
one, Johonkuhun] ; (rakastunut) infatuated 
rwlth one]; miwa oli huUaantnniMt tyttSSn 
the man loved the girl to distraction (1. 
was madly in love with the girl). 

hullu I. (a.) mad: . • out of one's mind (I. 
senses); crazy [notion, pftfthSnpisto] ; 
(miellpuoli) Insane, lunatic; (mieletdn, 
hassu) foolish, silly, absurd, preposterous; 
(ralvoisa) frantic, frenzied; mi olimi hallum- 
paa it wouldn't be such a bad idea, it 
wouldn't be so (1. half) bad, it wouldn't 
be amiss; mipH HuUummakBi not SO (1. half) 
bad! •/ hUnmmtU tuU huUua vUmaammakmi 
one can not make him out; «n tntm (\. pUS» 
»m) tSsta htdlna HnrmkaammahBi (\. vii' 
aaammakBi) I cannot make head or tall of 
this, I'm at a loss to understand this, I can 
make nothing (out) of this; ol«fJ^e hullu 
are you crazy (L foolish)? din hullu kun 
tmin amn I was a fOOl tO dO that; ••pU hul- 
lua that's silly! (Jkpv.) that's funny (1. 
queer)! II. (s.) madman, lunatic; (hupsu) 
fool; puhua hullufa talk nonsense (1. rub- 
bish 1. foolishness). 

hullulnhoito care of the insane, -laitos ks. 
seur. 

hullulnhuone insane (1. lunatic) asylum, 
madhouse, (vanh.) bedlam. 

hullunHkupinen funny (in the extreme), ex- 
tremely (1. screamingly) funny; full of 
nonsense, foolish; (mieletOn, hassu) ab- 
surd, ridiculous, preposterous; (kummalll- 
nen) odd, fantastical, bizarre: (lystlllinen) 
droll, comical, -kurls^atl drolly; oddly. 



queerly: in a droll (1. comical) manner, 
comically; foolishly, -kurituus (extreme) 
funniness, screaming fun; drollery; oddity, 
fantasticalness; (mielettOmyys) absurdity, 
folly. 

hulluati wrong(ly), in a wrong way, the 
wrong way, amiss; (nurinkurisesti) per- 
versely, awry; (hassusti) foolishly, pre- 
posterously; (pahasti) badly; hulltunminkin 
oliBi voinut kUydd things might have been 
worse, it might have gone worse; hSnmn 
hUvi ^ things went badly (1. amiss) with 
him, he met with a sad fate, he came to a 
bad (1. a sad) end; ««pfi oli ^ too bad! 

huilut«ll« (menetellft tyhmflsti) act (1. be) 
foolish, be a fool, act (1. play) the fool, 
make a fool of o.s. ; (laskea, tehdfl pilaa) 
fool, joke, jest; (teuhata) frisk, frolic, 
romp; (puhua hullu J a) talk nonsense (l. 
foolishness), hulluttelemlnen fooling; Jok- 
ing; frolicking; Jesting; vrt. huUuttelu. 
hulluttellja madcap; mischief; (practical) 
Joker, Jester, wag, buffoon, merry-andrew; 
(Jkpv.) cut- up. hulluttalu folly, absurdity; 
nonsense; foolish trifling; sport, fun. Jok- 
ing; vrt. seur. 

hullutus foolishness, absurdity; folly, fool- 
ery; mad (1. absurd) idea; mad prank; huU 
lutukaia nonsense, absurdities, vagaries, 
(temppuja) mad pranks, capers, frolics, 
(huudahduksena:) nonsense! silly talk! 
puhua hullutuk»ia talk nonsense (1. foolish- 
ness 1. bosh); «« oliai hullutusta it would 
be foolish (1. absurd), it would be madness 
(1. a folly). 

huliuua madness; insanity, frenzy; (mielet- 
tOmyys) foolishness, folly, absurdity. 

hulmahdus flutter(ing). flare, blaze; (tuu- 
lahdus) waft, puff, huimahduttaa make (1. * 
cause to) flutter (1. flare 1. blaze), hul- 
mahtaa flutter; (leimahtaa) blaze (1. flame 
1. flare) up. 

hulmuaminen fluttering, flaring; waving: 
whirling, hulmuava, hulmulleva fluttering; 
flying, waving [hair, tukka] ; flaring. 
hulmuliia, hulmuta flutter; (liehua) fly, 
wave, stream; (tupruta) whirl, swirl; 
(leimuta) flare; hulmuta tuuUaaa flutter 
(1. fly 1. wave) in the wind, sway In the 
breeze, hulmuttaa (llehuttaa) wave, fly, 
make . . flutter. 

hulpKDo border, selvage; (plena) list. 

hulttio careless fellow, good-for-nothing 
(fellow): loafer, lout, hulttiomainen care- 
less, negligent. 

humaaninen (Inhimllllnen) humane. 

humahdut whir, whiz; (tuulahdus) puff; 
(Jymfthdys) thump, humahtaa whir, whiz: 
(tuulahtaa) puff, whiff; (Jymahtftfi) 
thump; tulla humahti maahan came down 
with a whir. 

humala hop; (Juopumus) state of drunken- 
ness (1. intoxication): humalaan ks. Juada; 
olla hwmtalaaaa be drunk, be intoxicated, 
be tipsy, be deep In one's cups, (Jkpv.) 
be tight; vrt. sika^. humaiainen intoxi- 
cated, drunk: humalaiBia ai pSHaUtH n*. 
aHHn intoxicated persons (l. those Intoxi- 
cated) will not be admitted. 

humalakAynnAt hop-bine, humalanviljalys 
hop -culture, raising hops. 

humaladpiinen Intoxicated, drunk, -pit: 
humalapHiaaiiiiin) under the Influence of 
drink (I. liquor). In one's cups. In a 
drunken fit, while drunk (1. Intoxicated). 
-pluku 1. -Miko hop -pole. -Urha hop-yard 
(1. -garden), -viefaa (kasv.) dodder. 

humaliato hop-garden (1. -yard). 

humalluttaa Intoxicate, inebriate, make . . 
drunk; (pyOrryttftft) make . . dizzy, hu- 
maiolttaa mix . . with hops, add hops to . . . 



— 109 — 



huokumln«n 



Immaltua g^et (1. become) intoxicated 
vnxti, Jostaklnl. gret drunk. 

hvnaniMiii (hist.) humanism. 

InmuMM *» humahdus. 

humiiia soug-b(ing), murmur(ing); bum- 
mtng, sin^ng; (subina) sighingr; (humu) 
nmible; haroimn ^ rmglngr (I. slngingr) in 
ooe's ears; tmdmn '^ whisper (1. murmur 
1. soughing) of the wind, humlseminen 
soughing, humming, whispering, sighing. 
humista (eslm. tuulesta:) sough, sigh, 
murmur, whisper, sing, bum; (kumista) 
rumble. 

humai«ri (meriayri&inen) lobster. 

humorMki (lystikfts kuvaus tai kertomus) 
humorous story (I. sketch), humorittlnen 
(lystikfts) humorous. 

humpuuki humbug. 

humu (bumina) murmur; sough; hum- 
(mlng); whir(r); (pauhu) rumble, din; 
•UStman hamuMMm (tuoksinassa) in the whirl 
(1. bustle) or life; taimflun ^ dtn of 
battle: tmhkman -^ hum (I. whir I. din) or 
a factory; fnofen ~ sough of the wind. 
humuta =» hnmUta. 

kunaja honey; vrt. mesL hunajalnan . . of 
honey, honey; (mesimakea) honeyed. 

fiunajagkakku honeycomb. -Kaavi plant 
yieldmg honey (I. nectar), -kanno honey- 
rell. -linko honey-extractor, -mahiliinen 
honey-bee. -nette (kukkien) nectar, honey. 

hunajankeltainan . . of the color of honey. 

hunninko decline, decay; ruin, wreck, 
do^fcurall. destruction; /ovfna htmningoU* 
go to rack and ruin, go down (in the 
world), fall (up)on evil days, (Jkpv.) go 
to the dogs, (tuuliajolle) be turned (I. 
cast) adrift (upon the world); (asiolsta:) 
get in a bad way; on hunntngoUa (ihml- 
sistA.) has gone to the dogs, Is down and 
out. is adrift (upon the world), (asioista:) 
IS in a bad way, has gone to pieces, (esim. 
liikeyrityksestft:) the bottom has fallen 
out of it, (maatnasta y. m.) has been run 
down. 

hunnit (hist.) the Huns. 

kunnuton unveiled, . . without a veil, hun- 
nuttaa veil; Imnnut^ttu veiled, . . wearing 
a veil. 

kuntu veil; hunttxun hUdottu veiled; ks. 
poktfutua (huntuun). 

huoahdua (huokaus) sigh; (hengftbdys) 
breath; breathing, puff, huoahtaa sigh, 
heave (1. fetch) a sigh; (henkftistft) 
breathe; draw a deep breath; (levfthtAA) 
stop to get a breath; (l&ahattdft) puff; 
vrt. h«ngiUitJUI; huoahtaa hmlpetuhamsta 
heave (1. draw) a sigh of relief; htMoahtaa 
MjrvSmn heave a deep sigh, groan. 

kiieata (prees. haohaan) sigh; (valittaen) 
groan [under the burden, taakan alia]; 
(levitA) rest; (hengfthtAft) take breath; -^ 
h^lpatnhaaata Sigh With (1. give a Sigh Of) 
relief. 

hu_h:;ii^ putt (and blow), pam, breathe 
UmAvik^ O. baril); (mihittM> groan Inn' 
ntfr tto burd«», taakan tkUu]^ huohotta* 
flilMfi tyuflmg, piimng, huoHotut imU- 
<i.ngh pantlnnr. 

liM«iaiaa {linklii) mabo a reduction, taKe 
tiff; -► Mmtmm lower the i>rice, lower one's 
Hgitre. huttUtua become (I. geij cb^aper, 
1>«t nKTtietKl in prke; kintm hwoimtou th(^ 
itrsr* Is rolimg <l. gotng down); iavartt 
kfm4wtmM the a^iiOOs! get rheajjer. llic? ^f^(j(\s 
arc SiiHng (Lti lince). hyolitui (hi mi an) 
fvii'jriif^n, lowering. 

hui>i*rtnu« rcti^f: vAAe, alleviation; abat^- 
niHa, ri;LaxaUon; thlniiao, verojen y. tu.) 
red ue lion; ^*l*finusj towering; AinM-n -^ 



reduction (I. lowering) of prices; tunfa 
huolmnnutta feel relief (1- relieved 1. easier). 

huojantaa lighten [the burden, kuormaa]. 
ease; (helpottaa) facilitate, make . . easy 
(1. easier); (lieventAA) soothe, relieve, al- 
leviate, allay, mitigate; ^ mhtoja make 
the terms easier, modify the terms; ^ 
hintaa lower (1. reduce) the price, ^jkpv.) 
make a price on . . ; ~ hintaa doUarilla 
reduce the price one dollar, take a dollar 
off (the price), make a reduction of one 
dollar (on the price); ^ Byddntu&n iolU- 
halU unbosom o.s. (1. unburden one's 
mind) to a p.; ^ tuahaa (I. tuahia) soothe 
(1. relieve 1. allay) the pain(s). huojanu- 
minan lightening; facilitating; relieving; 
(hinnan) lowering; reduction; (tuskan y. 
m.) soothing, alleviation, huojantua, huo- 
Jata become easier (1. lighter), be light- 
ened; be facilitated; be relieved, be al- 
layed, be mitigated; (hinnasta:) get 
cheaper, go down, fall. 

huojua rock; (notkua) shake; (hellua) 
swing, sway [in the wind, tuulessa] ; (lie- 
hua) float, fly, flutter; (horjua) totter, 
stagger; (kuv.) waver, falter, vacillate; 
httojuva ks. bakus. huojuminan rocking; 
shaking Jne., vrt. huojua. huojutelia, huo- 
Juttaa rock; swing, sway; wag; make . . 
totter; (pudlstaa) shake, toss; tuuli huoint- 
taa pvdta the Wind is swaying (1. rocking) 
the trees, huojutua rocking; swinging. 
swaying; wagging; shaking, tossing, huo- 
Juva tottering, wavering, faltering; huoju- 
vin aahalin with tottering (1. faltering) steps. 

huokaaminan sighing, groaning; restinsr. 
huokallla, huokaiaU sigh; huohaiata ayvu&n 
heave (1. draw 1. fetch 1. give) a deep 
sigh, groan, huokaua sigh; ks. paasUii. 

huokaa (helppo) easy; (halpa) low [price, 
hinta], cheap; (keveft) light; [myyda, os- 
taa] hiiohaaata [sell, buy] cheap (1. at a 
bargain), [sell, buy] . . at a low (1. cheap 
1. moderate 1. fair) price [huom. myOs: 
hSn aai (oataa) tilan hnokaaata he got the 
farm cheap (1. at a good bargain) ] : huo- 
haat mhdat easy terms; [myydft . .] doUaria 
huohaanunamta [sell . .] for a dollar less, 
[sell . .] a dollar cheaper. 

huokaaOhintalnan cheap, worth Its price. 
worth the money, -hintaisuus cheapness. 
-korkoinan: huohaahorhoinan laina a loan 
at low (1. at a low rate of) interest, -mak- 
auinan .. on easy payments; (-hlntalnen) 
cheap. 

huokaaati easily, without difficulty, huo- 
kaua ease, facility; (hinnan) lowness; 
(halpuus) cheapness. 

huokoinan porous; spongy, huokonan (anat.) 
pore; (relkft) aperture. 

huoku (veto) draft (vanh.: draught); (halh- 
tumlnen) exhalation; (tnulahdus) puff. 
whiff, waft; (henkftys) breath; (hengitys) 
breathing, respiration;, (tlhkuminen) ooz- 
ing, exudation; hyim& ^ cold (1. chilling) 
breath. 

huokua exhale; (lAfthfittAfl) puff, pant; 
(halhtua) transpire; (kihollla) exude, ooze; 
(kuv.) breathe [poetry, runolllsuutta; de- 
fiance, Uhmaa]; hUnmn aanoiataan huohnu 
libnmin yatHvyya his words are breathing 
warm friendship; haihhi huokuu iloa ev- 
erything is breathing out happiness (i. 
mirth); hartamtMhamata huohuu runoUiauua 
the story has the breath (1. is full) of 

goetry; aiita huohuu hapinallinan hanhi it 
reathes rebellion; auo huohuu hailaa a 
frosty breath comes up (1. rises) from the 
marsn(es). huokuminan exhalation; puff- 
ing, panting; exudation, oozing; breath- 
ing; vrt. edell. 



huol«htl« 



— ilO — 



huoll 



huol«htla (pitftA buolta) take care [of ... 
Jostakln], look after, attend to. have the 
charge of; (katsoa) see about, see to; 
(tolmittaa) arrange, manag-e. do. see . . 
done; (hankkla) provide [food Tor the 
voyag-e, ruokatarpelta matkaa vartenl. 
procure; (olla huollssaan) be (1. feel) an- 
xious (1. alarmed) [for, Jostakln]. worry 
(1. be concerned) [about ..], alarm (1. 
distress) o.s. [about ..]; (ajatella) think 
[of . .] ; huolmhdi tavarat tUnnm see to It 
that the goods are sent (1. brought) here, 
have the goods forwarded here; — mtts . . 
see (to It) that [It is done properly, se 
tehd&ftn kunnolUsestl], arrange (1. man- 
age) (it) so that . .; -» 9tniaan look after 
(I. care for) one's own interests, (Jkpv.) 
look out for number one; ^ Ittkufaan 
work hard at one's lessons, study hard, 
study earnestly (1. conscientiously); ^ 
jonkun paroMta look after (1. look out 1. 
care for) a p.'s best interests; huoUhtimn 
tySldiMUn mtuja having the Interests of the 
workers at heart, with solicitude for (1. 
looking after) the best interests of work- 
ingmen; mi ^ hnomiB9Bta have no thought 
for (1. never give a thought to) the mor- 
row; mi Minan tarvitBm Mtitd -» you don't 
need to worry (1. trouble yourself) about 
that, you don't need to be concerned about 
(1. think of) that. huoUhtlmin«n taking 
care of, looking after, attending to Jne., 
vrt. huolehtia; anxiety; solicitude. 

huol«liat = huolellinen. 

huoMlinen careful; considerate, circum- 
spect, discreet; (varovalnen) provident, 
prudent; thrifty; [kirjan] ^ lukmminen (\. 
tatkiminmn) perusal [of the book], huo- 
UllltMtl carefully; considerately, discreet- 
ly; prudently, huoitllituus carefulness, 
care; considerateness. consideration, cir- 
cumspection; prudence; thriftdness); 
(huolenpito) solicitude. 

huol«n||aUlnen (huolestuttava) distressing, 
critical [situation, asemal. alarming; 
(vastuunalainen) responsible: full of care; 
(huolestunut) anxious, troubled, worried, 
concerned [kalkki neljft: about, Jostakln 1. 
-kantaja one who carries the weight of 
responsibility (1. who bears the cares). 
-pito care; solicitude; (huoma) charge; 
hnoUnpidotta iHSnyt neglected; hSnen 
huoienpitcnMa kantta through his care (1. 
foresight 1. solicitude); [Jftftdtt] fonkun 
huolmnpitoon fbe left! In a p.'s care (1. 
charge). -pitimit5n negligent; vrt. huo- 
limaton. 

huolMtaa handle with care; treat with ten- 
derness; (vaalla) cherish, (huolehtia) take 
care (of .., Jostakln]; vrt. huolehtia. 

huolMtua become (1. get 1. grow) anxious 
(1. troubled 1. worried) r about (1. for), 
Jostaklnl : (tulla murheelllseksl) become 
distressed (1. grimed) [about a th.. Josta- 
kln]. huolestuminan growing anxious, 
getting worried; (huoll) care: anxiety; 
worry, huoleatuneasti anxiously; with an- 
xiety; with a worried look; katMahti hS- 
neen huoUMtunmeMti gave him a worrie'l 
(1. an anxious) glance, viewed him with 
anxiety, huolattuneituus anxiety, huolei- 
tunut anxious i about, Jostakln 1, con- 
cerned, uneasy; troubled, worried riook, 
katse] ; distressed, grieved, unhappy 
r about, Jostakln]; oila huoteBtunut fosfa- 
kin be anxious (1. concerned 1. worrlei) 
about a th.. feel uneasy (1. be worrying) 
about a th. 

huola^uttaa => huolettaa. huolestuttava 
alarming [situation, tllannei. distressing, 
critical [condition, tila' ; disquieting 



[news, uutlnen] ; . . causing anxiety, . . to 
cause anxiety (1. alarm). 

huoiati unconcerned (ly), free from care, 
without care, with a light heart; careless- 
ly; (turvalllsesti) safely, with safety, 
without any danger; confidently; (epftrdi- 
matta) without hesitation; (levollisesti) 
calmly, quietly; coolly; (haitatta) with 
Impunity; ol« — set your mind at rest, 
you have no cause for anxiety, you need 
not worry (1. trouble yourself), comfort 
yourself! take comfort! huoiaton free 
from care(s); light-hearted, easy-going, 
light of heart, untroubled; happy-go- 
lucky, free from sorrow. Improvident; 
(turvattu) safe (1. secure) [from. Josta- 
kln] ; (luottavan varma) confident; (buo- 
limaton) careless, neglectful, negligent; 
reckless; (v&llnpitAmftt6n) unconcerned, 
indifferent; hnoimton rahu-uBioiBmaimn) 
careless (1. indifferent) in (1. about) 
money -matters; bIHS. huoimttomana live In 
(ease and) comfort, lead an easy (I. com- 
fortable) life, lead a life free from care, 
(Jkpv.) live on Easy Street, huolatta « 
huoleti; i^oif huolmHa Bmn tmhdH yon can 
safely do that, you need not hesitate 
about doing that. 

huoiattaa trouble, worry; (tehdft levotto- 
maksl) cause anxiety (1. uneasiness 1. 
alarm), make . . uneasy (1. anxious I. 
alarmed), disconcert, alarm, fill . . with 
anxiety; (surettaa) distress, grieve; mi- 
nvM mi huolmta (en vftlitA) I'm not con- 
cerned, I don't care (1. mind), (en ole le- 
voton) I feel no anxiety [for ..]; tmimtm 
^ iokin I feel anxiety for a th., I am 
alarmed about (1. by) a th., a th. makes 
me anxious (1. very uneasy), a th. worries 
(1. troubles 1. alarms) me; minua ^ kuuUa 
(surettaa) I am very sorry (1. am grieved 
1. am distressed) to hear, huolattava °» 
huolestuttava. 

huolattomaati free from care(s); uncon- 
cemed(ly); (huolimattomasti) carelessly, 
heedlessly, negligently; recklessly; (vft- 
linpitamattOmAsti) in an indifferent (1. 
unconcerned) manner; (tyynesti) coolly; 
confidently, with an air of confidence; 
vrt. huoletL huolattomuut unconcern; 
freedom from care(s); ease, comfort; 
(huollmattomuus) carelessness, heedless- 
ness, negligence; recklessness. 

huoll care; (hoiva) charge; (huolenpito) 
solicitude; (tuska) anxiety; (vaiva) 
trouble, worry; (levottomuus) alarm, un- 
easiness; (huolellisuus) carefulness, 
thoughtfulness; consideration; huoimiia 
with care, carefully; huoimiia )a vmivaUa 
vtdmiBtmttu (carefully) elaborated; '^ miitS 
oBioBta kuuitm Binulim it is up to you to 
look after that matter, that matter Is In 
your charge; minuiia on potion hnoUm fl. 
huolta) hdnmBtS he causes (1. gives) me a 
great deal of worry (1. anxiety 1. trouble); 
[jfita se] minun huoimkBmni [leave that] 
to me; minnn huoimkBmni fHi rahojmn hank' 
kiminmn it was left to me to look after 
.raising the funds, the furnishing of funds 
was left (1. entrusted) to me, I was 
charged with raising the money; olla Aoo- 
iiBBoan loBtakin be (1. feel) anxious (1. 
worried 1. troubled 1. alarmed 1. disqui- 
eted) about a th.. worry (1. trouble o.s.) 
about a th.. (surra) grieve [at (1. over), 
Jostakln; for. Jonkun (1. Jonkin) takla], 
feel grief [at . .], distress o.s. [about . .] : 
Bm on oimva minun huoimnami you Will have 
the care (1. the charge) of it, it will be In 
your charge, it will be up to you. 



— Hi — 



huomtu 



bMHa (vftlltUA) care (1. mind) [about a 
t&.. jostakln], worry <1. trouble o.s. I. 
concern o.s. 1. be concerned) [about. Jos- 
taklnj; (tabtoa) want, wish: haoUmatta 
ks. bakus.; ^mm* hnoli rnutS pakt$a we 
(bad) better not (1. we will not) speak of 
tbat. let us not speak about (1. not mention) 
tbat; Ml AoofI nudnita hanmn nimmH&n I 
don't care (1. want I. wish) to mention bis 
name. I donH care to tell wbo he is: «n 
Mmfi siitS paijonkman haoli (vftiitft) I don't 
rare (I. mind) much about that, Vm not 
much concerned about that, (pane painoa. 
arvoa sille) I don't pay much attention (1. 
attach much importance) to that, I don't 
take much notice of it; nUnU «n mnHli hnoii 
nUM I don*t care to have it (1. I don't 
want to take it) any more: SIS haoli mmnnS 
Mimne you bad better not (1. you should 
not) gt) there, I wish you would not go 
there. 

hoofimatofi careless [fellow, mles; act, me- 
nettely; In one's dress, puvussaan]: heed- 
less; reckless: (vAIinpit&matOn) listless, 
Indirrerent; perfunctory; (levilperainen) 
ne^lirent, neglectful; remiss; (hutllolva) 
slovenly, slipshod. 

huoHmattA (Jostakin ^) in spite of. notwith- 
standing, for all . .; ~ M9urmtkaiMta uncon- 
cerned about (I. as to) the consequences. 
(vtutt&mfttU) without countmg the cost; 
^ aUts, mtts .. (vaikkakln) although; ~ 
nUM mmUmsia, 9ttM .. (lukuunottamatta si- 
U selkkaa) irrespective (1. regardless) of 
the fact that . . . apart from (1. not taking 
Into account) the fact that ... in spite of 
(I. notwithstanding) the fact that ..; mi 
ha»mm apottman, vaan HMnmgtU ^ not With 
his help, but in spite (1. in defiance) of 
him; ikaikmmta ^ in spite Of all, . . all (1. 
Just) the same; kaitumta tHoiataan ^ hSn 
M .. (kalkkine rikoineenkln) with all his 
faults be is ..; kimO^gta ^ (vastoln kiel- 
toa) in defiance (1. in spite) of the prohi- 
bition, (vAlittiimilttft) Ignoring (1. paying 
no reg'ard to) the prohibition; mitM ^ (sit- 
tenkin) for all that. . . all the same, . . not- 
withstanding (that), none the Jess; (kum- 
mlnkin) however, still, yet, nevertheless, 
though. 

iHMliivuiUomaaii carelessly, negligently, 
neglectfully; heedlessly; recklessly; list- 
lessly, indifferently, huollmattomuut care- 
lessness, heedlessness: recklessness: neg- 
ligence, neglect (fulness); vrt. vUinpitM- 

huolitAila (hoiua, vaalia) take care of. cher- 
ish; (tolmittaa) .see to, arrange, manage, 
attend to; (hankkia) provide; (tehdft huo- 
lellisesti) do . . carefully; (ahkerolda) ex- 
ert o.s., take pains [with (1. about) . . , 
Jostakmj. huoliUdlu care, solicitude. 

hliolivaatt««t ks. snrupukn. 

huoltaa take care of, see about, see to; ar- 
range, manage: do; attend to; (hankkia) 
provide, procure; vrt. pltMi (huolta). huol- 
taia one who sees (1. attends) to. one who 
provides (I. takes care of), provider; (hol- 
booja) guardian, huoltamlnan attending 
to. providing; (huolenplto) care, solicitude. 

huaHua ks. vuolsttua. 

fraoma (turva) protection; patronage; (hoi- 
to) care, charge; custody, guardianship; 
keeping; vrt. hnosU; [JftttAtt] lenAnn huo- 
mmmn [leave] in one's care (1. charge 1. 
keeping 1. custody): [IftttflA] omoon Aao- 
mamnam leave (1. let)] alone, [leave] to 
o.s. (1. to one's own devices), (oman on- 
nenna nojaan) {leave] to shift for o.s. (1. 
to take care of o.s.). 



huomaamaton (Jota el nfly) not (1. scarcely) 
noticeable, unnotlceabie. Imperceptible; 
(ei huomattu) unnoticed, unobserved; un- 

Eercelved; inconspicuous; obscure, hum- 
le; (tarkkaamaton) inattentive; heedless, 
unobservant. 

huomaamatta unnoticed, unobserved; with- 
out being seen (1. noticed); imperceptibly; 
(salaa) stealthily; furtively; (hlljaa) quiet- 
ly; (vfthltellen) gradually, by degrees; 
(epAhuomlosta) inadvertently; ^ iHHSmi- 
nmn overlooking, omission; [hiipift huonee- 
seen] kmnmnhSUn '^ [steal into the room] 
unnoticed; vrt. JXXdK. huomaamattomaati 
imperceptibly; without being seen (1. no- 
ticed); inconspieuously; Inattentively, 
heedlessly; vrt. huomaamatta. huomaamat- 
tomuua Imperceptiblllty; obscurity; Inat- 
tentiveness, Inattention; (epAhuomio) over- 
sight, overlooking; blunder; Inadvertency; 
Aaomaamatfomini(fe«fa iohtvaaalt •rmhdyu 
oversight, blunder. 

huomaaminan noticing, observing; observa- 
tion; seeing; discerning; descrying; find- 
ing (out); discovery, detection; vrt. huo- 
mata. 

huomaavainan attentive [to ladles, nalsllle 
(1. nalsla kohtaan)]; (kohtellas) polite (1. 
courteous) [to one, Jollekulle]; (hoksaa- 
valnen) keen; (huomioonottavalnen) heed- 
ful, mindful; watchful; observant, huo- 
maavaiaattl attentively; politely, courte- 
ously; keenly: heedfully, watchfully, huo- 
maavaiauua attention, attentlveness; polite- 
ness, courtesy; keenness; watchfulness. 

huomata notice, observe, remark, note; be- 
(come) aware of, perceive, be sensible of; 
(nahdft) see; (erottaa) discern, descry, 
(kaukaa) espy, make out; (saada n&ky- 
vllnsft) catch (1. get) sight [of..,Jo(ta)kIn], 
come m view [of . .], sight [land, maata] ; 
(havalta) find: (keksift) discover, detect, 
find out; (tarkkaan) pay attention to, at- 
tend to; mind: (muistaa) remember; Aoo- 
mma (take) notice! note! observe! Hyhen- 
nettynft: Anom. N. B. (=• nota bene) J ; kao- 
nuuanatta kS. hakus.; ^ mrmhdykamnaii find 
out (1. realize) one's mistake; ^ jokin [/o- 
/bu] iokMikin find a th. [a. p.] (to be) . . 
[esim. ^ iokin ikSvSkai find a th. tedious 
(1. dull 1. uninteresting) ; ^ fokn ayyUiamk- 
ai find one guilty; ~ jokin tarpmettomakai 
find a th. unnecessary; '^ iokin todmksi 
find a th. to be true] : ^ olmvanaa ykain 
find o.s. alone, notice that one is alone; ^ 
pmttynmmnMS find o.s. deceived, find out 
that one has been deceived, feel (I. be) dis- 
appointed; '^ Jossakussa taiUiUjan taipu' 
mukaia discover (1. detect 1. find) an artis- 
tic bent (I. turn) in a p.; ~ Jonkun sanms- 
ts, 9Hii , . notice (1. perceive 1. hear) from 
a p.'s voice that ..: huomattakoon be It 
noticed (1. observed), be It remembero'l. 
mind, remember; huomattava ks. hakus.; 
kuomattiin hSvinnmekai (1. kadonnmmksi) 
was found to have disappeared; huomattUn 
tarpmattomakai proved (I. was found) un- 
necessary; huomattu lis. hakus.; en o/e huo- 
mannut pyyt&S I have not remembered (1. 
thought) to ask, (tullut pyytAneeksI) I 
have not gotten to ask ; en voi oila huomaa- 
matta I cannot help (1. avoid) noticing (1. 
seeing), I cannot (help) but see; hSn mi 
huomannut mitSUn he did not notice any- 
thing, he saw (1. heard) nothing, (ei ep&il- 
lyt) he did not suspect anything: hUn ml 
oiiut aits httomaavinaanC ktmn) he made be- 
lieve he did not see it, he pretended not to 
see it (at all), he shut his eyes to it; iukiia 
ktmmtitkoon we wish to call the reader's 
attention to . .; minS mn voi ~ hSntS vSki- 



huomaiuvi 



— il« — 



huono 



JaukoMia I cannot make him out (I. cannot 
catcb siffbt of hUn 1. donH see blm) in tbe 
crowd; monta tapauMta on huomattu many 
cases (1. instances) have been observed (1. 
noticed); nyt olen ttdlat hnomannmmkMi, 
mttU . . I have now come to realize that . . . 
(vakuutetulcsi) I have now become con- 
vinced that . .; olen offoe haonuuivinani I 
have thought (1. imagmed) that I have no- 
ticed (I. observed 1. seen); on kuomatttuHi, 
•ttd .. it is to be observed (1. noted) 
that . . , it should be noticed that . .; on 
huomattaviMsa may be noticed (1. discerned 
1. descried), is noticeable, (nftkyy) is seen 
(I. discerned), appears, shows itself; «« on 
hyvUkai kuontattu it has been found good, 
it has proved good (1. fine); voit tSMH ^ 
monta tnttavam you may find (I. see 1. 
meet) many friends here. 

huomatuva (tuntuva) noticeable [change, 
muutos], appreciable, perceptible, per- 
ceivable; (selvasti-) marked [difference, 
ero] ; (melkoinen) considerable; (tarkeft) 
important; (nUkyvft) discernible, visible, 
distinguishable; conspicuous, prominent; 
(huomattu) noted, well-known; (merkllli- 
nen) noteworthy, notable, remarkable; ^oo- 
mattapoMBa mHiirin in a noticeable degree, 
noticeably; [niiden vttlillft] mi oim mUdUn 
huomattavaa ^roa there is no noticeable (1. 
perceptible) difference [between them] ; 
kaupungin hnonwttaoat hmnkiibt the nota- 
bles (1. the prominent people) of the town; 
olta huomattinfaila BilaUa occupy (1. hold) 
a prominent (1. conspicuous) place (1. posi- 
tion), occupy a place of prominence; vrt. 
huomata. huomattavastl perceptibly, no- 
ticeably, appreciably, visibly; in a notice- 
able degree, huomattavuut remarkableness, 
noieworthlness; noticeableness; consplcu- 
ousness; prominence. 

huomattu prominent, well-known; notable, 
conspicuous; ^ oMmma prominent (1. high) 
position [huom. hSn on kohonnat Anomot- 
tuun €uenuum (myOs:) he has risen to dis- 
tinction]; ^ Aenikil^f distinguished (1. nota- 
ble) person(age); ^ /bjr/ai«ia promment (1. 
well-known) writer, writer of note. 

huomauttaa call [one's] attention [to ..1, 
point out; observe [to one, Jollekullej, 
(make a) remark; (muistuttaa) remind, 
put . . in mind; (viitata) give . . to under- 
stand, intimate; suggest; (selittftii) ex- 
plain; (korostaa, ttthdent&ft) lay stress (1. 
emphasis) upon, emphasize; huomautan 
•nmikBi, Bttd . . I call your attention first 
to the fact that . . , in the first place I want 
to point out that . . , I remind you first of 
the fact that . .; ~ iotokuta jostakin, ^ 
iolUktdU lotokin call a p.'s attention to . . , 
point . . out to one. suggest a th. to one, 
(muistuttaa) remind one of a th. huomaut* 
taja one who makes (1. made) a remark, 
one who called attention to . . , one who 
suggests (1. suggested) a th. huomauttamU 
nan calling attention to, pointing out Jne., 
vrt. huomauttaa. huomautua remark, ob- 
.servation; note, comment; (muistutus) re- 
minder; (varottava) admonition; (esltys) 
suggestion; (vastavflite) objection. 

huoman (aamu) morning; (huomlspaivft) 
morrow, to-morrow; huommnmlta In the 
morning: huomenna to-morrow; hyvHa 
huomenta good morning! -aamu: huomen- 
aamuna tomorrow morning, -aamuinan to- 
morrow morning's. -IIU: huomenittana to- 
morrow night (1. evening), -iltainan to- 
morrow night's I meeting, kokous], .. to- 
morrow night, -lahja bridegroom's gift to 
the bride on the morning after the wedding. 



huominan I. (a.) to-morrow's [paper, lehti], 
. . of tomorrow; -^ kokoum to-morrow*s 
meeting, the meeting to-morrow. II. (s.) 
to-morrow, morrow; HaomiMmBn, haomiMmk" 
Mi till to-morrow; kuomiMmata viikko (•Umn^ 
pSin) a week from to-morrow; HHn mihwio- 
Uhdi htMomia9Mta he has no thought for the 
morrow. 

huomlo attention, heed, notice; (havatoto) 
observation; perception; (katsanto) re- 
spect, regard; consideration; (kiihkeA) 
sensation: (Ihmettely) surprise, astonish- 
ment; huomioon ks. ottaa, pMiUtM; hnomioon 
outtava noticeable, considerable, apprecia- 
ble, worthy of (earnest) consideration, vrt. 
seur.; huomiota ansaita9va deserving atten- 
tion, worth [one's] noticing, worthy of 
consideration, noteworthy, noticeable, re- 
markable; huomiota kS. herXtUUI, Idiimit- 
tiUi, iMuma, suoda; iakia haomioon otttanmi'' 
ta With no regard for (1. to) the law, pay- 
ing no respect (1. regard 1. heed) to the 
law. Without taking the law into considera- 
tion; pyydOn tuHa huomioon ototuksi I ask 
to be considered; «• oi anaoitao mit&Un 
httomiota that deserves no notice, that 
merits no attention (whatever), it is not 
worthy of any consideration; tohdS hwto- 
mioitu make observations; toin amn hwto- 
mion I made the observation [that . . , et- 
t^ ..], (keksinnOn) I made the discovery. 
-Icy Icy (power of) observation; tarkaUa f\. 
torHvOHS) huomiokyvyUS vartutottu ob- 
serving, observant; tarkoUa huomiokyvyUS 
PoruBtottu hmnkil6 a Close observer, -ky- 
kyinen capable of observing, observant. 

huomionllalalnan noticed, observed, -tekiji 
one who makes observations, observer. 

huomioonlotattava noticeable, worthy of 
(earnest) consideration, deserving atten- 
tion (1. notice); (melkoinen) considerable, 
appreciable, -ottaminan 1. -otto taking in- 
to consideration; considering. 

huomiotaharitUvi sensational; startling. 

huomiaOaamu = huomenaamu. -piivi mor- 
row, to-morrow. 

huona room; apartment, chamber; (talo) 
house; vrt. ali— , makuu^, vieras— y. m. 

huona- (yhd.) house- [esim. 'hSm&hMkki 
house -spider; -kaavi house -plant; -kArpH- 
nmn house-fly]. 

huonaanOtauiu catechism, -vuokra room- 
rent: (talon-) house-rent. 

huonaiato flat, apartment, suite of rooms. 

huonakalu piece of furniture; huonokolwt 
furniture, -kangaa upholstery; tapestry, 
-kauppa furniture store, -kauppiaa furni- 
ture-dealer; house-furnisher, -mvymili 
furniture house (1. store). -puuaappA cabi- 
netmaker. 

huonakaluato set (1. suite) of furniture, fur- 
niture. 

huonakalu Otahdaa furniture factory, -tyyll 
style of furniture, -vaata » huonekalu- 
kangaa. -vaunut (furniture) van. 

huonalikumppani room-mate; fellow lodger, 
-kunta household; house; (perhekunta) 
family, -rivi row of houses, -tovari — 
huonekumppani. -urut cabinet -organ. 

huonauato = huoneisto. 

huono bad [example, esimerkkl; advice, neu- 
vo; road, tie]; (kehno) poor [cpology, puo- 
lustus; head, pttA; sermon, saarna] ; (sai- 
ras) 111; (kurja) wretched, miserable; (ar- 
voton) worthless, cheap, paltry; (halpa- 
mainen) mean [act, teko], base, abject: 
(paha, moraalisesti) evil; (heikko) weak 
[side, puoli], feeble; (vfthftlnen) small 
[salary, palkka], scant; ~ mka bad times; 
~ olotua ioatokin a pooi; (1. a small 1. no ' 
very great) opinion of a th.; huonom mamtm 



113 — 



huopavasu 



(iMdiiltaan) poor soil (1. ground); '*' maimin 
kaUrn poor (1. bad) management, misman- 
ageiDent, maladministration, vrt. '^ hoito; 
ftiH««c tm0mrmm goods of poor quality, poor 
quality of goods, inferior goods; '^ hoito 
(esim. salraalle annettu) improper care, 
lark or (proper) care, (buollmattomuus) 
neglect; '*' Omm (ummebtunut) bad (1. un- 
wttolesome 1. foul 1. close) air; '^ kohioin 
bad (1. rough) treatment, ill-usage; fcoo- 
moikoi hMymyt (salrauden y. m. takia) thin, 
worn, weak, emaciated; «*' kHyt9a bad be- 
barior (L deportment), misbehavior, mis- 
roDduct, (koulutodistuksessa) poor de- 
portment); htm mo Ha wnmnmmtykooUA With 
little <l. scant) success, with poor re- 
sults; '*' lohduhaM slender (1. cold 1. small) 
romfort, poor consolation; [olla] kmonaUm 
tmJoilm [be] in bad humor, [be] out of 
humor, <ikpv.) [be] out of sorts; «» mnims 
a good-ror-nothing (fellow); haomompi ks. 
hakus.; ^ mndoii poor (1. bad 1. shQrt 1. 
onretentlve) memory; ^ noa poor eye- 
sight, bad eyes; '^ pMkm low wages, poor 
pay, small salary; ^ pooU weak side, draw- 
back; ^ I — wtafgf u« poor (1. bad) diges- 
tion. Indigestion, dyspepsia; « •AAMn/efc- 
tmim bad (I. poor) conductor of electricity, 
a non-conductor; ^ frvya poor (1. bad) 
health. HI -health, illness, (heikko) weak (1. 
feeble 1. delicate 1. frail) health; huonot 
(helkot) slender grounds; hao- 
(heikot) weak (1. bad) eyes; 
? bad (1. evil) habits, bad morals; 
tmmtuot poor (1. shabby) clothes; 
woikuiHmoi (alhalset) base (1. bad 
1. wrong) motives; « vuogi bad year, a 
year of bad (1. poor) crops, a year of crop 
failure; oUm h fm nom m (9airomnm) be very ill 
(1. low), be a very sick man [woman]. 
h Mo n eiiinaiwn poorly ventilated. 
b Mo w oiii worst; poorest; cheapest; weakest; 

smallest; vrt. huoao. 
iNMookaua ks. pah»k»u». 
hvoMolkuuloiiian somewhat (1. a trifle) deaf, 
hard (1. dull 1. thick) of hearing, -kuulol- 
ay«a slight deafness, dullness (1. hardness) 
of hearing, -kykylnan 1. -lahjalnan poorly 
(1. not well) endowed, -lihalnen . . not good 
to eat. -lypaylnan: fmonoiypoyinon lohmS 
a poor milker, a poor milch cow. -mainai- 
nan . . of bad reputation, . . of ill fame, 111- 
famed. Infamous, notorious, disreputable; 
m m i k hm om h mono mai moimmn the place has a 
bad reputation (1. name), -mainaituut bad 
reputation, ill fame, notoriety, disrepute; 
infamy, -makulnan ks. p«lia(a)inalniln«ii. 
ima n o i mnuya inferiority; (tavaran) inferior 

(1. poorer) quality. 
hwanompi worse; inferior, poorer; weaker; 
smaller [salary, palkka]; [olla] huonom" 
mtmmom a x ii wga [be] worse off; kaonom- 
pmmm pMin for the worse; huonompoa tmoo- 
rmm goods of inferior quality, (Jkpv.) poor- 
er stuff (1. goods); oUm ioimkuta ^ be in- 
ferior to one, be one's inferior, have to 
yield the palm to one. -otainan worse off; 
kmtmttm fi §§a i a§t those worse off, those in 
poorer circumstances. 
h aon o aauiatlifw . . with (1. having) a poor 
memory; forgetful. 
hiie n o w a m inan -= hvoaaBtumincB; mdromn "» 
change (1. turn) for the worse (in the 
condition of the patient). 
hoanon Hainan rather (1. somewhat) poor (1. 
bad 1. weak 1. small); (etup. terveyteen 
nihden) poorly, -laiaaati rather poorly, 
not w^ell; htm fokamm {\, voi) imononloiamati 
he is not very well, he Is rather poorly. 
haa n anima deterioration; degeneration. 



huononnikdinan poor-looking, bad-looking; 
(huonovointisen) looking poorly. 

huonontaa make . . poorer (1. Inferior 1. 
weaker 1. smaller); deteriorate, impair; 
(pahentaa) make (1. render) . . worse; ~ 
Jonkun pmikkaa (v&hent&A) reduce (I. cut 
down) a p.'s salary, lower one's wages, de- 
crease one*S pay; c« kmononoi aairoMta hno- 
mmttmomBti It made the patient noticeably 
(1. quite a good deal) worse, huonontami- 
nan making . . poorer (1. inferior 1. worse), 
deterioration. Impairing, huonontua » huo- 
Bota. huonontumlnan deterioration; degen- 
eration, huonontunut impaired [health, 
terveysl, debiliuted; deteriorated; (suvus- 
taan-) degenerate. 

huonoBnikdinan weak- (1. poor-) sighted; . . 
with bad eyes, -nikdltyya bad eyesight. 
-onninan . . with (1. having) bad (1. poor) 
luck; unlucky, unfortunate, ill-fated (1. 
-starred) ; (^ionnistunut) unsuccessful, 
. . without success; hnono^nninon yritya 
(myOs:) a failure, -onniaaati with bad (1. 
poor) luck; unluckily, unsuccessfully; dis- 
astrously, -oppinan hard (1. slow) to learn, 
dull, stupid; not docile, -paikkainan poorly 
paid, underpaid; . . with a small salary. 
-pilnan thick-headed, dull, stupid, back- 
ward [pupil, oppilas] ; (huonolahjainen) 
poorly endowed. -«iivoinan untidy, . . in 
disorder, . . in a litter; (slivoton) dirty, 
uncleanly; (kOyhyyden takia) squalid. 



pulnen: htmnoootndnmn poriaktmta husband 
and wife that do not get along well; ho 
ovmt minm oUoot huonooopuimia they have 
never gotten on well together. 

huonoati badly; ill; amiss; wrong; (kehnos* 
tl) poorly [advertised, ilmotettu], in a 
bad (1. a poor) way; not well; ^ odimtyvS 
oppOaa backward pupil; ^ horkittn ill-ad- 
vised [plan, suunnitelma] ; '^ hoidottu mis- 
managed, neglected, not properly attended 
to, ill -kept; «» voipa ks. paholnvoipa; aoiat 
ovmt «» things are bad (1. in a bad way 1. 
in a sad state), matters look serious, mat- 
ters have come to a pretty pass; odiatyS ^ 
make little (I. slow) progress, progress 
slowly, (oppilaasta:) be backward; vrt. 
hoitaa, kuuliia, kMydX, viihtyM, volda y. m. 

huonota get (I. git>w 1. become) worse; de- 
teriorate; fall off. decline; run down; (lalh- 
tua) get (1. grow) thin, lose flesh; (las- 
keutua) be in a decline, fall away; ^ huo- 
nonomimtaan get worse and worse, go from 
bad to worse; ~ •m^a^faafi degenerate; 
mrvo haononoo the value depreciates; on 
httononomman piUn is on the decline. 

huonoua badness; worthlessness ; wretched- 
ness; (moraalinen) meanness, baseness, 
vileness; (beikkous) weakness, feebleness; 
poorness; miohon '^ the worthlessness (1. 
inferiority) of the man; palkan ^ the low- 
(ness of the) wages, the small (ness of the) 
salary, the poor pay; taooran ~ the poor 
(1. inferior) quality of the goods. 

huonolvoimalnen . . with little strength; 
(heikko) weak, feeble; infirm: (vanhuut- 
taan) decrepit, -vointinan (tilapftisesti) in- 
disposed, ill. not well: (huono<«sa tervey- 
dessi oleva) ailing, out of health, poorly: 
(sairas) sick, -vointisuut indisposition; 
poor health. 

huopa felt, felting. 

huopa- (yhd.) felt [esim. -ontnrm (\. -pohia) 
felt-sole; -hatta felt-hat: -motto TeH-mht ] . 

huopaamlnan backing astern, backing the 
oars. 

huopalkatto asphalt roof. -p«lte (felt-)blan- 
ket. -aaapae felt -boot, felt -shoe, -taot felt- 
work. felting, •tohvall felt -shoe, -vaata 
felt- cloth, felted cloth. 



hiiora 



— 114 — 



huppttta 



huora harlot, whore, strumpet, prostitute; 
(Jkpv.) bitch. 

huorin: tmhdM «*' practise lewdness, forni- 
cate, -tekiji fornicator, -^ko fornication. 

huoruus harlotry, whoredom; (lak.) adul- 
tery, -pahe vice of adultery. 

huotta (omlstus) possession; (hoito) care; 
charge; (sAily) keeping; custody; (hoiva) 
protection; htmMtaan ks. uskoa; htMomtaanMa 
ks. ottaa; hnkwm hnostaaaa in one's care 
(I. charge 1. keeping 1. custody), (hallussa) 
in one's possession [huom. rahat ovat mi- 
nun haoatoMMani (myOs:) I am taking care 
(1. charge) of the money, I have charge of 
the money, I am keeping the money]. 

huotra sheath, scabbard. 

huovata (airoilla) back water, back the (1. 
one's) oars, row backward(s). 

huovi trooper, horseman; soldier. -Joukko 
body of troopers, band of horsemen. 

huovikat (huopasaapas) felt-shoe (1. -boot). 

hupa 1. (kuluva) not lasting, soon used up, 
soon gone, fleeting; 2. (hauska) pleasant. 
Jolly, hupalnan, hupalta pleasant, delight- 
ful; Jolly; amusing; (hauskuttava) enter- 
taining, diverting, hupaltatti pleasantly, 
delightfully; Jolllly. hupaituut pleasant- 
ness, delightfulness; JolUness. 

hupakko I. (a.) foolish, silly; doting. II. 
(s.) silly (1. foolish) person, fool: vanha — 
old fool, (old) dotard; vrt. tyttb-. 

hupanaminen decrease, decline: lessening, 
diminution; reduction; vanishing; vrt. hu- 
veta. 

huppalahtia start, (eslm. veri) spurt, run in 
streams: my6s ->- hulIutelU. 

huppukorva; olla huppnkorviMMa be wrapped 
In a th., have something cover one; vtaa 
pmiHo hnppukorviin pull the blanket over 
one's head. 

hupaahtaa 1 . (hupsullla) go crazy, lose one's 
head, begin to play the fool; 3. (pudota) 
fall (with a thump), drop, collapse, hupcia 
be crazy, play the fool; (houria) talk silly 
(1. nonsense), drivel; miiU hnpMit what 
nonsense are you talking? ms hupal don't 
make a fool of yourself! (hourl) don't talk 
nonsense! vrt. hupsuilhu 

hupsu I. (a.) foolish, silly; cracked, crazy; 
idiotic. II. (s.) simpleton, dunce, fool: 
Idiot, drlvel(l)er; vanha ^ an old dotard. 
huptuilla, huptutalla play the fool, make a 
fool of O.S.; oe (1. act) crazy: (bullutella) 
fool, frolic. Jest; (houria) talk nonsense, 
talk foolishness: drivel, huptukka = hu- 
pakko. huptuttalija fool; idiot, driveler; 
(Jkpv.) crazy bug (1. loon), huptuttalu, 
huptutus folly, nonsense, foolish trifling, 
foolery, fiddle-faddle; hupsutuksia (myOs:) 
foolish (1. silly) pranks, crazy actions, hup- 
•uut foolishness; idiocy; folly, absurdity; 
vrt. hulluus. 

hurahdut whiz(z); (nopea vauhtl) quick 
pace, speed, hurahduttca: a/oa hurahdut- 
taa (let) go at a good speed; laukma hnrtth- 
duttaa mUh9& aloM speed down the hill, hu- 
rahtaa go at a good speed, speed; whiz(z). 
hurakka speed, rate. pace. 

hurina (vauhtl) speed; rate; pace; (hurah- 
diis) whiz, huritta go (at a good speed), 
speerl: (surlsta) whiz. huHstaa let go at a 
good speed, speed: ajaa huriMtaa drive at a 
good speed, speed; vrt. seur.; mmnnd hurim- 
foa proceed at a good speed, speed, fly: 
mennS huristaa ohi hurry (I. fly) past, 
shoot (1. rush 1. dash) by, (eslm. Juna) 
sweep bv, whiz by. 

hurja wild nife. elAmftl. savage f hatred, 
vlhal : (hllllt()n) unbridled, unrestrained, 
ungovernable, uncjirbed: (ralvokas) furious 
[attack, hyOkkSys], violent. Impetuous, 



fierce, frantic, frenzied, raging: (uskaUas) 
daring [enterprise, yritys], reckless, rash; 
foolhardy; (lliallinen) inordinate, exorbi- 
tant; vrt. huima; hur)aa vauhtia at a furi- 
ous pace, fast and furious; httrjalta Holla 
with wild delight; hurfaUa raivoUa witb 
wild fury; hurfma Uosta wild (1. delirious) 
with Joy; ^ pako headlong flight; harfat 
Jaomingii Wild (1. drunken) orgies, baccha- 
nalia; an hurjimmiUaan iS at its wildest; 
viattSS huriaa alMmiUi lead a Wild (1. reck- 
less I. loose 1. dissolute) life, hurjallami- 
nen. hurJallla, hurjallu = hurjastelemineB, 
hurjAStalla, hurjastelu* 

hupjanllpohkaa foolhardy, rash, heedless, 
overdaring, reckless, daredevil, -rohkeaati 
rashly, heedlessly, recklessly; manatalia 
hurianrohkmaati (myds:) act foolhardy. 

hupJalpiinan fierce, savage, ferocious; (pel- 
ka&matOn) reckless, rash, foolhardy, -pli- 
ayya fierceness, ferocity; temerity, reck- 
lessness, fool hardiness, -pit madcap; (yl- 
ti5) fanatic. 

hupJasUlaminan = hurjastelu. hurjaatalija 
one who leads a reckless (1. a loose) life, 
fast liver; madcap, hurjasuila be wild, be 
reckless; live (1. lead) a wild (1. reckless) 
life, live fast; take part in drunken orgies 
(1. revels). hurJatUlu wild 0. reckless 1. 
fast) life; (wild) orgies, drunken revels. 

hupjaati wildly, savagely; furiously, fierce- 
ly, violently, frantically; daringly, reck- 
lessly, foolhardily. 

hupjittaa madden, enrage, make . . wild (I. 
fierce 1. violent 1. furious 1. frantic); 
(raalstuttaa) brutalize, hupjittua become 
wild (1. furious I. violent 1. frantic 1. fren- 
zied 1. infuriated), fly into a rage (1. a pas- 
sion), go mad. grow (I. get) reckless (I. 
foolhardy). hupJIatuminan flying into a 
rage (1. a passion); getting reckless (1. 
foolhardy). hurJIttunut frenzied, infuri- 
ated, raging mad; (raivoisa) furious, frantic. 

hurjuut wlldness. savagery; fierceness, vio- 
lence; fury, rage, frenzy; recklessness; 
foolhardlness. 

hurmaaminan charming, enchanting; en- 
chantment: fascination: infatuation, hue- 
maantua be(come) fascinated (1. captivated 
1. charmed 1. enraptured), be(come) trans- 
ported [with Joy, Ilostal, be carried away, 
fall into raptures [over . .] ; htMrmaantua 
iohonktthun become Infatuated with one. 
hupmaantunut fascinated, charmed; trans- 
ported [with Joy, Ilostal, enraptured; (ra- 
kastunut) Infatuated; (kllhkoisa) exalted. 
hupmaava charming, fascinating, captivat- 
ing, transporting; bewitching [smile, hy- 
my J ; humutaoan kanniM Charmingly beau- 
tiful, hupmaavaltuut power to charm, 
power of enchantment. 

hurmaRhankl fanatic; visionary, -hanklnan fa- 
natic(al): visionary, -hankltyyt fanaticism. 

hupmau charm, fascinate, captivate, enrap- 
ture, entrance, ravish; (huumata) intoxi- 
cate; (h&mment&ft) bewilder: (lumota) en- 
chant, bewitch: hurmami h&nat katMaallaan 
charmed (1. captivated) him with her glance. 

hurmaut charm; enchantment, fascination; 
rapture; (mental) transport(s). enthusiasm; 
(huumaus) intoxication; (haltio) ecstasy: 
exaltation, -ilia state of ecstacy: exaltation. 

hurma blood; gore, hupmalnan bloody, gory; 
red (I. soaked) with blood, hurmatannae 
field of gore, bloody field. 

hurmlo ecstacy; great enthusiasm, -tlia 
state of ecstacy. 

hurraa hurrah! huzza(h)! hurraahuuto 
cheer, (shout of) hurrah, huzza; hurraa- 
hwmtofa Shouts of hurrah, cheering, hup- 
raamlnan cheering, huppata cheer, hurrah. 



IIS — 



httOtM 



tmzn(ll); kammam h mMrm i iiim iM wms 
cHeered; p9Mh*Aom kurr^msam While the 
crowd was cbeerlng', amid the cheers of 
the crowd. 

livrakaaMi piously; (hartaastl) devoutly, de- 
votioaally. hurtkailu saoctlmonlousness, 
show or sanctity, hypocrisy, hurtkaa pious; 
(barras) devout [Christian, kristitty]. de- 
voted. hiirskaiM piety; saintliness; (har- 
taus) devotion, devoutness. 

bursU hagglng^: burlap; coarse linen cloth; 
crash, hurstinan . . of coarse linen (cloth), 
barring [shirt, paiU] ; crash [towel, pyy- 
mnllinaj. 

hyrtta hound. 

Iivaaari hussar, -luutnantti lieutenant of 
hussars. 

huMarinpuku hussar uniform, uniform of 
hussars, husaarirykmantti regiment of 
hussars. 

hvtikka state of intoxication; tmtikmMmm ol«- 
0m tipsy, drunk. . . under the influence of 
liquor; mUm hutikmsmm be tipsy, be drunk. 

ImtiloMa be careless, be negligent; (tehdfl 
hnollmattomastl) do . . carelessly, botch, 
scamp; bungle [at . . . Jossakin] ; (hfttlkOl- 
dl) do . . hastily, hurry too much; slight; 
^ Mndtfn botch (1. Slight) one*s work; 
hmUUimaUm turm^ta make a botcb Of. spoil. 
hirtiMmliiaii botching, bungling; careless 
work; undue haste, hutlloitaija => hutUus. 
hotiloHii bungled, botched; perfunctory. 
hotiloiva slovenly, careless, negligent; 
botching, bungling. 

iHitilua careless fellow, sloven; botcher, 
bungler, -iyd botch(-work), bungieCd 
work), botched Job. piece of careless (I. 
bad) workmanship. 

hirtfcia whip. lash, thrash, swish, switch; 
(IvOdA) baste, beat, hutkiminen, hutkinU 
whipping, lashing Jne., vrt. hutkia. 

hnttu (puuro) porridge, liasty pudding; 
(jkpv.) stirabout. 

buvdalidua exclamation, ejaculation, (out)- 
cry; twukan ^ cry of pain, -lausa exclama- 
tory sentence, -mefkkl ks. huntomerkld. 
-Miia exclamatory word, interjection. 

httudahtaa exclaim, ejaculate, cry (1. call) 
out; shout: -» iiomta cry out (1. shout) for 
Joy. give (1. utter) a cry of delight. 

huvdattaa have . . called out; ^ itBmnBd ku- 
mnkamkwi have o.s. proclaimed king; ^ ni' 
mmi have the names called out. have a roll- 
call tak^. 

hiiud# ks. hmirrA. 

hyud«lta call out (several times), shout, hal- 
loo; Imp9€t hmtt^Uoat toiaiUmmn the Children 
were calling out to each other. 

Iiauhd« washing, rinsing; rinse, wash; 
(Iftftk.) douche; lotion; hmthimmt rinsings, 
washings, -fcylpy shower-bath. 

hyuMella rinse (out), wash; (valella) pour 
. . upon; '^ Mmiwa rinse (out) one's mouth. 

hyuMeveti rinse- water; rinsings; water for 
the douche. 

huuhd«nta washing, rinsing; wash, rinse; 
kmflan ^ washing Of gold. 

butthkaja (eliint.) eagle-owl; great homed 
owl. 

huuhtaiata rinse (hastily), give . . a hasty 
rinse. 

huuhtelu washing; rinse, wash; (l&&k.) 
douche, -rulaku douche; syringe. 

huuhtoa rinse (out) J a bottle, puUo]. wash; 



hyuMo«ia|-«llM washing- trough (L -sink), 
rlnslng-tub; (kullan-) cradle, rocker, -liuo- 
na wash-house, -laitoa apparatus for u*ash- 
ing; (kullan- ) placer, -vaai rinse- (1. rins- 
ing-) water. 

huttlitoiiiiiian rinsing (out), trashing, huuh- 
tomo ks. knIlaBliirahtomo. huuhtoutua be 
washed; be rinsed. 

huuli lip; (laudassa y. m.) groove, mortise; 
lap, rim; (tekn.) flange; [palnaa] Jboolcf- 
f««ii [press . .] to one's lips, -harppu 
Jew's-harp; mouth-organ. harmonica, -kuk- 
kaiiiMi (kasv.) labiate; kmdUiakkaimmt 
Labiats. 

huulimainan lip-shv>ed; (kasv.) labiate, 
lipped. 

huulinan (yhd.) . . -lipped [esim. pmkw 
thick-Upped; pwam^ red-lipped]. 

huulilparu m(o)ustache. -voida lip-salve: 
(Uv.) cold-cream, -ilnna (kiel.) labial 
(sound). 

huulloa (puus.) lap(plng): groove, mortise. 
huuHaa (puus.) lap; groove. 

huuma ks. hmunaus. 

huumaaminan stunning, stupefying; deafen- 
ing; bewildering; (lA&k.) narcotizing, huu- 
maantua be(come) stunned (1. stupefied); 
turn (1. get 1. grow) dizzy (1. giddy); be- 
(come) Intoxicated; be(come) bewildered. 
huumaantuniit stunned, stupefied; dazed, 
dizzy; bewildered, huumaava stunning: in- 
toxicating; (korvia-) deafening; (hfim- 
menUvft) bewildering: (Ift&k.) narcotic; 
hwasmamvia minmitm narcotics. 

huumau stun, stupefy; benumb: (melusta 
y. m. puhuen:) deafen; (vftkijuomlsta y. 
m.) intoxicate; (Ift&k.) narcotize, anaesthe- 
tize; (hftmment&ft) bewilder, confuse; (hui- 
mata) make . . dizzy; (lumota) enchant, 
charm. 

huumaus stupor, stupefaction: intoxication; 
bewilderment: offa AtramaaJb«is«a(an) be 
stupefied. be dazed.be dizzy, be intoxicated, 
be bewildered; pH&stiUi huumaukaeata 
break (1. dissolve) the ctiarm (1. the spell) ; 
9amttaa kuumaaksiin stun, Stupefy, deafen; 
ykdmaaS ainoa9Ba kmamankamaaa in one con- 
tinual whirl, -aina narcotic, ansesthetic. 

huumauttaa make . . unconscious; stun, stu- 
pefy; (melu y. m.) deafen; (nukuttaa) nai*- 
cotize: vrt. hnumata. huumautua « huu- 



(myCs:) put the 
clothes through three waters; ^ kaltaa 
wash gold; «» P0U wash off (1. away); '^ 
•oafoofi iatnpimiUUi vdMH rinse one's 
mouth with warm water; ~ vataaansa wash 
out one's stomach. 
Iiuyhtokannu (lA&k.) douche. 



huuma: otia hmunmiaaaan be stunned, be 
stupefied, be charmed, be enchanted, be 
under a spell; (haltioissaan) be in ecstasy, 
be exalted. 

huumorl humor. 

huurra hoarfrost, white frost, rime; oUa 
huartmaaaa be covered (I. white) with frost. 
huurialnan . . covered (1. white) with frost. 

huupu steam, vapor; (usva) mist: (huoku) 
exhalation; (huurre) hoarfrost, white frost; 
oila htmraaaa be Steamed, (huurteessa) be 
white with frost, huuruinan steamed; 
(huurtelnen) covered (1. white) with frost. 
huuputa exhale, evaporate; (hOyryttt) 
steam, give off steam (1. vapor): cloud 
over with steam; hevoaan henki huarttaa 
you can see the horse's breath; jSrvi htm- 
ruaa mlsts are rising from the lake. 

huutaa call out [the names, nlmet]. call, 
shout, cry; (huudahtaa) exclaim; (kirkua) 
shriek, scream, yell; huudettaaaaa hiinvaa» 
taai When called he answered, (nlmeft huu- 
dettaessa) he answered to his name: '^ 
afuria call (1. hall) a cab: ^ oIom (puhu- 
Jalle) hiss [huom. '^ puhnia alaa hiss (1. 
cry) down the speaker]; ^ optM call (1. 
cry) for help; ^ JonUun apua, -* Jotakuta 
opvkai call a p. to one's aid, call on a p. 
for help: ^ maUn call out (1. forth), (nftyt- 



huutaja 

tamdllA) call before the curtain [buom. 
hUnmt huudmttiin msiin be was given a cur- 
tatn-call] ; ^ huutokaupoMBa buy (1. get) 
. . at an auction, bia tbe bigbest [for . .] ; 
'«' ioUmkuttm call (1. sbout) (out) to one, 
bollo(w) to one, bail one; '■^ jotokuta (luok- 
Btmn) call a p. (to one); ^ /a/M (\. koko 
maaHmaUm) trumpet out, blazon fortb (1. 
abroad), sbout . . from tbe housetops; ^ 
Joku ktadnkaakn proclaim . . king; ~ m«- 
fafen Clamor; ~ pappia (valita) cboose a 
minister, (ftttnestAH) vote for a minister; 
^ hkn papikMi cboose one for (1. elect one 
to be a) minister; ^ tdytta knrkkua cry 
(1. yell) at the top of one's lungs (1. one's 
voice), strain one's lungs calling, split one's 
throat yelling; ^ sun^nMii kahmakMi yell 
o.s. hoarse. 

huutaja one who calls (1. yells 1. shouts 1. 
screams); (Julistaja) proclaimer; (kirku- 
Ja) screamer, huutaminan shouting; call- 
ing, crying: shrieking, yelling; owkMi hmt- 
taminmn call(ing) for help (1. aid), huutava 
crying [need, tarve], flagrant [injustice, 
vftftryys], glaring [fault, ep&kobta] ; hun- 
tavan Hani korvmMMa (raam.) the voice Of 
one crying In the wilderness; olcn htrnta- 
voMMa hukaMMa I'm in sore distress. I'm 
bard pressed, (epAtoivossa) I'm in desper- 
ate straits 

huuti shame! etkSm timdH hmttia what (1. 
such) impudence! for shame! opettmi fokn 
ti^tSmUSn hwmtia teach one manners, teach 
one to know bis place. 

huuto cry, call, sbout; (sota- y. m.) whoop; 
(kirku) scream, shriek; (huudahdus) ex- 
clamation; (Julistus-) proclamation; (ni- 
mi-) calling over; (huulokaupasaa) bid; 
(maine) reputation; ihmmtt^tyn kmtto aery 
of astonishment; iontna pahaan hmttoon 
fall into disrepute: otia hnonossa huudossa 
be of ill (1. be in bad) repute, have a bad 
reputation (1. name), be notorious [for, 
Jostakin], be disreputable; vrt. my5s: hy- 
vM^, i!o^» niml^, soU^ y. m. 

huut4>kauppa auction, sale (by auction); 
hatitokanpan toimittafa auctioneer; ostin n« 
htrntokanpaMta I bought them at an auction, 
-hinta auction-price, sale-price, -kamari I. 
-huona auction -rooms. -pdytAkirJa record 
kept at an auction, -tilaituut auction. 

huutolainan pauper whose maintenance has 
been entrusted to the lowest bidder. 

huutoimerkki exclamation point, exclama- 
tion, -aakko fine for non-appearance at 
court, -iinastyt acclamation. 

huveta decrease, grow less, diminish; be re- 
duced: shrink; (kadota) vanish, disappear; 
^ cUkUoukkoon vanish in the crowd. 

huvi pleasure, delight; (huvitus) amuse- 
ment, entertainment, diversion; (hausku- 
tus) merriment, sport, fun; huvikumnaa for 
(the sake of) pleasure, for fun; huvin 
vttoksi for (the) fun (of the thing), for 
sport's sake: huvit amusements, (iltama) 
entertainment, social: kHydS huvmiMBa go to 
(1. attend) places of amusement; omakai 
hnvikM9€n for one's own (sweet) pleasure; 
MiitS «i o'« hSnmtU mitaHn hmria he will 
take no pleasure (1. find no amusement) 
in that, he will get no fun out of that, he 
won't enjoy that any. -Juna excursion train. 

huvike amusement, entertainment, recrea- 
tion, diversion. 

huvila (kesft-) summer home (1. cottage I. 
resort), lodge: villa, -atutut summer re- 
sort; colony of resorters. -kaupunki sub- 
urb of bungalows, suburban community, 
-varas thief who raids summer cottages. 

huviHllnna country estate; villa, -maja sum- 
mer-house, -matka pleasure -trip, (holiday) 



116 — hylklmliiMi 

excursion, -matkalllja excursionist; tour- 
ist, -niytalmi comedy, -niytalininklpiot^ 
taja writer of comedies, -pultto (public) 
park, pleasure-grounds, -purti (pleasure-) 
yacht, -rattastut pleasure -ride, horseback- 
ride (for pleasure), -ratkl pleasure-trip, 
excursion. 

huvitalla amuse (1. divert) o.s. [with (!. by 
.. -ing), Jollakin], enjoy o.s.; seek pleas- 
ure, seek (1. find) diversion [in . .] ; make 
merry; vrt. huvittaa. 

huvltolmikunta entertainment committee, 
committee on entertainments. 

huvlton uninteresting, dull. 

huvittaa amuse, divert; interest, be of In- 
terest [to one, Jotakuta]; (bauskuttaa) en- 
tertain [one's guests with . . , vieraltaan 
Jollakin] ; (ilahduttaa) aelight, please; mi- 
n«M kuvitti hUMti MiliMtyka^mMM 1 was 
amused at his astonishment; oUa huoHmitu 
joatakin be amused by (1. at 1. with), like 
. . , be fond of . . , enjoy . . , derive pleas- 
ure from . . , find sport in . . , (suurestl bu- 
vitettu) delight in . . [buom. en «l« huvHmi" 
tu p9lkupy9rMHSmh9ta (myOs:) I don't care 
much for bicycling. I don't see any fun in 
bicycle-riding] ; «« '^ minua I take pleas- 
ure in It, I enjoy it. huvittaminan amusing, 
entertaining; interesting, huvlttava amus- 
ing, diverting, entertaining [story, kerto- 
mus] ; pleasing; (mleltAkllnnittAvA) inter- 
esting, . . of interest; (hauska) pleasant, 
delightful, huvlttavaisuus the amusing (1. 
interesting) part (1. feature) [of ..]. hu- 
vittavatti amusingly, entertainingly; In- 
terestingly; in an Interesting (1. amusing) 
manner (I. way); pleasantly. 

huvittelu amusement, entertainment, diver- 
sion, recreation, pastime, sport, -halu de- 
sire to amuse o.s., desire for amusement, 
-haluinen given to (I. eager for) ple^ure, 
fond of amusement, pleasure -loving, -kau- 
ci (1. V.) vacation time; the season, -palkka 
place of amusement, resort. 

huvitua amusement, entertainment, recrea- 
tion, diversion, pastime, sport; (ilo) pleas- 
ure, delight; fun; merriment. 

hyaaintti (kasv.) hyacinth. 

hydraattl (kem.) hydrate. 

hydrauillkka (fys.) hydraulics, hydraulinen 
hydraulic [brake. Jarru; press, puristin; 
cement, ruukki]. 

hyeena (elAlnt.) hyena. 

hyglenia hygiene, sanitation, hygleninan 
hygienic, sanitary. 

hyhmi slush, sludge; (mArkA) slosh. 

hyi fie! fy! « hSpmS (tie,) for shame! shame 
on you! 

hyinan (JAlnen) icy; (huurteinen) frosty, 
white (1. covered) with frost; (kylmA) 
raw, chill(y); - hallm heavy (1. nipping) 
frost. 

hykerryt, hykartiminen rubbing. hykartU 
(hieroa) rub [one's hands for Joy, kAslAAn 
ilosta] ; (vAAntAA) wring, twist; vrt. hi- 
kertlfi. 

hykihdy« start; Jump; thrill. hykihdyttU 
make (1. cause to) start (1. Jump), startle; 
make . . quiver; thrill, hykihtimlnan start- 
ing. Jumping; quivering, hykihtii (sAp- 
sfthtAA) start, give a start; jump; (vArAh- 
tAA) quiver. 

hyija seal; sea-dog. -«IAIn seal. 

hyilektiA ^ hylUfi. 

hyijalaji kind (1. species) of seal. 

hyilAU ks. hylXtl. 

hylkaanlinahka sealskin, -nahkalnan sealskin 
[cap. lakki]. -pyynti sealine, seal-fishery, 
hunting (1. catching) seals. -pyytiJA sealer, 
-raava seal-oil. 

hylkiminen despising, slighting. 



— H7 — 



hypihdys 



liytkii ilesplse, sUgbt; scorn, spurn, disdain; 
reject; « hjcUi n«v9oM disregard rood ad- 
vice, set good advice at naus^bt; vrt. hylftOL 
kylM sood-tor-notmns. wretch; outcast; 
yktmakmmman ^ social outcast. 



hymini sough(ingr); murmur (fng); bum- 
(mlng); Icvfan ^ bummingr or a tune, hy- 
mitti sougn, sigh, moan; murmur, whisper; 
hum; (soida) Ting, sound. 

hymni (mus.) hymn. 



h|lk| wreck; trasb; refuse; hmittan jokin hvmy smile; (teenn&inen) smirk, simper 



MtM let a til. go to rack and ruin (1. to 

pieces), (by lit&) abandon a tti., throw away; 

jMhM (1. iULdM) hyiyhmi become a wreck, 

fo 10 rack and ruin, be abandoned; on kyl- 

kymA U a wreck. Is a derelict, has been 

abanfkxied. -}oukko dregs, offscourings, 

scum; yhtmMnuumn hyikyicnkko the scum 

o( society, -lauta waste board; (vlalllnen) 

cull, -aiaa Irreclaimable (1. waste) land. 

-pvu waste wood (I. timber); cull; hyiky- 

pmuim, kyiky^tdtm (toisluokkaista) CUllS. 

^viiu (romu-) scrap-iron. -Uvara damaged 

a defective) goods, (el enslluokkalnen) 

seconds, culls; (arvoton) scraps, rubbish, 

refuse. -4iill: hyikyiUlmt rejected bricks, 

bricks thrown away. 

Inrlklya rejection, throwing out; disowning, 
repudiation; refusal, denial. -piitAa re- 
fusal, denial, -iuomio rejection; condem- 
nation; (epuu) refusal, denial. 
hvikUUi one who rejects (1. discards 1. re- 



hymyaaS nun, ran kymyBBii with a smile 
on one's lips, with smiling lips, (hymyil- 
len) smillng(ly). -Iiuuii: hymvhuuUn with 
smiling lips, with -a smile playing about 
one's lips, smiling(ly). -huulinan smiling. 

hymyliiji one who smiles. 

Iiymyllli smile; simper, smirk; ~ iv^Uamsti 
hiiakaUa smile scornfully (1. sardonically) 
at one, sneer <l. jeer) at one; ^ lolUknlU 
give one a smile, smile at (I. on) a p., turn 
towards one with a smile, (kuv.) smile (1. 
beam) upon . .; koko laonto nSytti hymyi- 
lav&n hUnmUm all nature looked smiling 
to his gaze; onni kymyiti hanalU fortune 
smiled upon him. hymylly (quiet) smile; 
smiling, hymyiiyttil make . . smile; (hu- 
vittaa) amuse. 

hymyOliuoppa dimple, -suu: hymynUn smil- 
ing, smilingly, with smiling lips. 

Iiymyti smile (a feeble smile); (myhAillft) 
simper, smirk [at one, Jollekulle]. 



fuses 1. disdains); Impamnam ^ one who has hymAhdya 1. hem. hum; 2. (myhfthdys) quiet 
disowned (1. abandoned) his child; tor- " " "'" " ' " ^ ^ . - -- 

jeukmam ^ one who has rejected an offer. 
hylkaaminan rejection; discarding, castini 
off: abandonment, desertion; refusal; de 
dining; quashing, annulling; vrt. hyUltl. 
hylkiivA averting; declining; condemning; 
(eptsuotulsa) unfavorable, adverse; ^ l«a- 
mtmim unfavorable (1. adverse) report; ~ 
plifffa adverse decision, refusal, denial; ^ 
vmmimat refusal, unfavorable reply; Meffna 
kylkSa^Mtta kmnnmUa fonkin anhtmmn take an 



smile. hymlhtlA 1. hem. hum; 2. (myb&h- 

tM) smile (a feeble smile), simper. 

Ikaamlnan rejection; discarding, casting hynttyyt effects, goods; (bag and) baggage. 

* ' ' "" hypaill Jump, hop, skip; (raisuuttaan) frisk; 

(tanssia) dance; (loikata) leap, bound; ^ 
ykdailS jalaUa hop (with one foot). 
hypaltIA ^ hyplsteUK. 

hypinta Jumping, hopping; dancing. hypi3- 
liailA Jump, leap; skip; be Jumping (I. leap- 
ing 1. vaulting); (tanssia) dance; vrt.liyppiiL 
hypitliaiy Jumping, leaping Jne., vrt. edell. 



unfavorable (1. adverse) attitude toward a th. hyplttallA: '^ iotakin (sormin) finger at a 

th., (kosketella) touch a th., (hamuta) 



kyHy shelf (plur. shelves); (rautatievaunus- 

sa y. m.) rack; (plenl sein&hylly) bracket; 

[panna] kyUyOa [lay] on the shelf. -Iiaap- 

pl cupboard; (avonalnen) shelves, -lauta: 

kMyUadmim boards for Shelves. 
hyllyatA rocking, quaking, shaking. 
hyllypeyU whatnot. 
hyliyi shake, quiver; rock; (hytkyft) Jog, 

jolt; (notkua) bend; sag; (kohota) rise; 

swell; (hOlkOtUA) lumber along. 
hyllttAvi objectionable; . . to be condemned 

(1. rejected 1. repudiated) 

coodemnatlon. 
kyllti <«t hjvftksyfl) reject, railt nut; ferlu^- 

lunna^ia y* m.O throw out [a bUI* Jakleli- 

df>tujij; Cel vftllllA*) diarfijTftnl, deMit'^t'. 



fumble with a th., (nttpllft) pluck (1. pick) 
at a th. hypittaly, hyplttyt fingering 
[at . .] ; touching; fumbling [with . .1. hy- 
pistU » ItypisteUfi. 

hypitailA (hyssyttftft) rock, lull, dandle; - 
laata ayliaaSMn dance a child (up and down) 
In one's arms. hypittIA make . . Jump (l. 
leap 1. spring 1. skip); (tanssittaa) make . . 
dance, dance; hypittas laata Jump (1. dance) 
a child up and down; vrt. tanssittaa. 
. . worthy of hypnoottinen hypnotic [state/ tila]. hypno- 
titmi hypnotism, hypnoticoida hypnotize. 
hypnotisoiminan, hypnotlrointa hypnotizing^. 

hypotaolilii mortgage, -iaina loan on mort- 
gage, -panlilil (1. V.) loan and trust company. 



»iiriit: <heittA5 mtHK*iJiaAii) dlsrarii/ t^ast Ijypotaaai hypothesis, hypotaettinan liypo- 
c/ffp throw away; (jaitaii) aLamion, utr^ thetic(al) 



»ake, desert; (klelUytyft tiinMUiftama^ta) 
dtvsivn tone's c^bild. JapHen*aU renuitru'e, 
r^pydJati; tevatav refuse. tUrrliii*^: dony ,a 
rM||D«st, pyFntA] ; (iull^laa kc^ivottotimki^i. 
Uk.> ipasli* annul, thruw t:^ut of i nurt. ^L't 
■aide: (tuorana* <i*"iiidenin; -' thtiotttm 



yppaly Jumping, hopping; frisking; danc- 
ing; vrt. liypelllL 
hyppii jump; leap, bound; spring; hop [and 
dance. Ja tanssia]; skip; (tanssia) dance; 
^ Uaata Jump up and down for Joy. be 
leaping for Joy, frisk. 



rei*^*'! s 'iTonosaL quaifh a umtioii; - luhfa hyppy Jump, leap, spring, bound; hop; skip; 



(veteen y. m.) plunge; vrt. loikkaus. -Jal- 
iialsat (elftint.) Sanatoria, -liika: hyppy- 
liikkmita (1. V.) vaulting and Jumping. 

(sormi) 



f*J***l f1, n*>t irr*!pl I. reftj*?) n. frift. tyleii 
k*l>reiUs«tiJ £c*>m {L sx^urru a win; -^ 

tmrjana d(**'lfne (J r^ifiLiC L rejecti an uf- , „ , 

fer * Jftkij tothirummMa reject (I faiU unc nyppynan finger-tip, finger's end 

hi in i^xaniinallon, refUM th raiH to pass finger. 

ODip in an examination; - tfaiwnojtaa rtpserUJ* hyPPyri (mUessft) take-off. 

for.*5i)f*f L ahandofi L leave) ofii?*'* wlf**: ^ 

^mrthmtm^mUiw^mtl fti'iim, sirf>Ul. ^min; «fc- . 

dmtt^ afu>mut hytsttsv^kai movp Umt iti* hyppyaalilnan a pinch rof salt, suolaa]. 
[ittJtRm b*" rejfcif^jl. i>niT>osi3 U. ^usriresE) hyppytautl St. Vltus's dance, chorea. 
Iftfi i"»*riJ.*4i of ih*? ttt'tltlctii: minun aiin*#* *~ " ' " 

tyaiippMiti hylMttlim my ballut W9^ v^^t nut 
i\. dufAfflMl J. thrown au'iy); p«ti«n tatm- 
rwitm kyimtiin i lot of Roods were reject ad 
(t thrown out I diicarded). 



hyppyrotta (elttint.) Jumping mouse (1. rat); 
Jerboa. 



hyppiya spring. leap, bound; Jump; hop; 
skip; yhdatIS hypp&ykamUd with one spring, 
at a bound, hypihdyt Jump, leap, .spring; 
hop; skip; (lolkahdus) bounding (1. flying) 
leap, bound; vrt. edell. 



hypihOi 



— 118 — 



hyvlttU 



hfpiltlii give ft leap d- a aprlnff>» spring; 
tfolkata) leap, bound; (kavatiiaa) start 
(UP), (Tive a iitflrt. (1j«> Btanietcl); Jump 
twiih [Tism, saikabdykaesta] ; - Ho«ta 
jump <L ieii|» for joy; - faioitttwn (l. ««i- 
«Drthuknj Jump (1. sprme I. leapj lo one's 
reel, iump fl. apring^ i. Jeap) up. 
hypiU J^iaip i(over> a lenve, aUianyll: from 
a iii*nri(?-Lit>arcl< poniiatidugiauaaiia; out or 
bed, lylOs) vuoteeUa] ; leap i tmm the first 
floor, eoalmfti scuta KermHse&iaJ : spring:, 
vaull; (hypollli) skJp, (rieiiiusia y. m.) 
rnsk; * aintf#*(a foi**#ii Skip (1. run) 
from out? SLiPjiHl 4L lopm to anotinjr; -^ 
[us^eln] kadin /a ftatfpunfin i^lThcf run (back 
ana ronh> to tovio La g^ood deal] ; ^ ojan 
yU leap tl. Jump I, vault) over a ditt^h; -» 
piSS ^dmlta Eiatttn phinire head foremost 
Jntti the water; * *firula«in spnnff (1. vault) 
Into tile sariaie: — yhd^UU iaialin hop witb 
one root (1. on oiio luirj, lioi). 
hyrini humCming); buzzdngr); wbir(rlngr); 
(esim. kissan) purr. hyrltU (surista) bum. 
buzz, whir; purr; (pyorift) spin (1. whirl L 
twirl) around; vrt. hyrMiUiL 
hyrri top; whirligig, gig. -Illkt gyrational 
movement, gyration. „ ^_^ 

hyrrAU whir; (esim. kissa) purr; (pyOrlft) 
spin (1. whirl 1. twirl) around. 
hyrtkIA (aaltoilla) surge, swell, roU; (ko- 
hlsta) roar, rush; (itkeA) cry (1. weep) 
violently, heave with sobs, hyrtky swell, 
surge; rush; hyrakyt (tyrskyt) breakers, 
surf. hyr<»kyin«n swelling, surgmg [sea. 
meri]; billowy; roaring, rushing; (myller- 
tynyt) agitated, troubled, tempest -tossed. 
hyrtkyi = hyrskliL hyrtkihtU surge, 
swell, roll; rush; (r^iskya) splash; squirt; 
vrt. pyrsk&ktaiL 
hyrytyty auto(moblle); (Jkpv.) buzz- wagon, 
hyrihdyt bursting out, breaking into [tears, 
Itkuun]. hyrihtU burst out; hyrHhtiUi it- 
kuun burst (1. break) into tears, burst cut 
crying. 
hyriilli hum; ^ lotokin aUvmlta hum a tune. 

hyrAlly humming. . ^ ^ 

hytfcittlUI hush, lull, quiet [a baby, sylilas- 

ta]. hyMityt hushing; lulling. 
hyttytai rock, dandle; lull; hysaytt&a toMta 
unemn lull (l.hush) a child to sleep; vrt.hys- 
slttaK. hyMytys rocking, dandling; lulling. 
hyt>te«rin«n (l&&k.) hysterical. 
hytkytUUI make (I. cause V}} jutji^r. jinpth) 
^up and down), shake, to^s, rock, jog, Jott, 
Jerk, hytkytyt shaking, rocking-* jo(frm?. 
Jolting, Jerking; shake, Jolt, jerk, hytkjil 
Jump, Jog, Jolt, rock. hyHi4hcJy» jurup, 
shake, jolt, jerk; start. hrtkfehdyitAft i^^ivrt 
a jog (1. jolt 1. jerk). Jolt, jecK; vn. hyt- 
kyttaii. hytkAhtU jump, ^ifw, jolt; give a 
Jump; (vaplsti») shake, rock; (vansia; 
quake, quiver; (vavahtaa) start, give a 
start (1. a bound); aydUm^ni hytkiihti hS- 
nmt n&hdeagiini the Sight Of her gave me a 
start, my heart stood still when I saw her. 
hytk&ytai = hytki&hdyttiUL 
hytti cabin, Ftateroom. -paikka berth, 
hytty (metall.) smelting-house. smelter. 
-miM smelter. 

hyttynen gnat, midge; (s&&ski) mosquito; 

hyttyamn purmma mosquito-bite; gnat -bite. 

hyttytparvi swarm of mosquitoes (1. gnats). 

hyve virtue, hyvaeilinen virtuous, moral; 

chaste, hyveellityys virtue. 
hyvilleen (iloiseksl) glad, ks. tuUa. hyvil- 
lAin: otta hyvUl&Un loBtakin (ilotnen) be 
glad of . . , be pleased with . . , be delighted 
(1. happy) at . . , (tyytyvftinen) be satisfied 
(1. contented) with . . [huom. ol«n hyviUH' 
ni tUtd, •tta . . rm glad (l. pleased) that . . , 



it gives me pleasure (1. satisfaction) 
that . .]. 

hyvin (hyvftsti) well; (sangen) very; very 
well [satisfied, tyytyvttinen] ; (kovln) very 
much [afraid, peloissaan] ; (aika) rather, 
somewhat, quite, (Jkpv). pretty; (erittftln) 
particularly, especially; (ylen) extremely, 
exceedingly [difficult, vaikea] ; - harkittu 
well-considered, well thought out. well- 
devised [scheme, suunnitelma] ; '^ haono 
very (1. exceedingly) poor, (sairas) very 
111 (1. low); hyvinkin kS. hakus.; ^ loalfa- 
vaa very likely, extremely probable; -' 
moiM hmiMta a great (1. good) many of them, 
a great number of tjiem; -» palfon very 
much, a great deal, a multitude, a gool 
many, (runsaastl) plentifully, copiously, 
abundantly, in plenty. In abundance, (suu- 
rln mftftrln) in great quantities, (lukuisas- 
tl) m great (1. large) numbers; ^ pleirf very 
(1. exceedingly) small, minute; ^ anari very 
(1. extremely) large (1. great), huge; ^ 
myStmtty well-fed, . . In good condition, (11- 
hava) fat, plump; ^ uhty well done, (huu- 
dahduksena, myOs:) bravo! good! ^ rt«- 
tamn, 9tta .. well knowing (1. aware of) 
that . .; '^ toim€9ntuimva well Off. well -to - 
do, prosperous; -» varhmn very early, at a 
very early hour; niin -» knin voin as well 
as I can, to the best of my ability. 

hyvIn- (yhd.) well- [esim. -i&rimsutty well- 
arranged; 'lajitmltn well -assorted], -antait- 
tu well-deserved (1. -merited); well-earned, 
-hoidattu well-managed (1. -conducted), 
properly attended to. well-tended; well- 
kept [garden, puutarha]. -htuva ks. hy- 
vlnkeveltyviL -katvatattu well-bred, -ke- 
valtyvi nlce-flttlng [dress, puku]. 

hyvinkin (melko) quite, somewhat; well 
enough; (alnakln) at least; io«(po) ^ (kul- 
tenkin) if, however . .; yet. If . .; If, at any 
rate..; If, anyhow . .; (mahdolllsestl) If 

gosslbly . . . (ehkft) perhaps, maybe; per- 
aps nevertheless, maybe though (1. how- 
ever); ~ niin paijon at least that much, 
surely (1. certainly 1. sure enough) that 
much; «« voi olla -^ Buuri It may be quite 
(1. rather) large; &• voi ^ oUa auuri It Is 
quite possible that it will be a large one. 

hyvinHvaruttattu well-provided: well-stocked 
[store, kauppa]; (tftytelftlnen) full [purse, 
kukkaro], -volnti (terveys) well-being, 
welfare, comfort; (alneelllnen) prosperity: 
opulence, wealth, -volpa (terve) well, 
healthy, . . In good health; (menestyvft) 
thriving, prosperous; (varakas) well-to- 
do, well off. -ymmirratavi easily under- 
stood; hyvinymmOrr^ttaviMta Byimta for 
obvious reasons. 

hyvlta (lepyte) something to appease one, 
pacifier; (hyvltys) compensation, repara- 
tion; amends; lonknn hypitt99kmi to ap- 
pease (I. conciliate I. soothe 1. smooth 
down) one. hyviteiii (lepyttftft) appease, 
conciliate; soothe; smooth down; humor; 
vrt. hyvittiUL hyvlttijiltat compensation, 
recompense, reparation, redress, amends. 
hyvitaminan making good, recompensing, 
repairing, retrieving; crediting, giving 
credit [for ..1; vrt. hyvittMIL 

hyvlttU make good, make up for, compen- 
sate, recompense, redress, repair, retrieve, 
make amends (I. reparation) for, atone 
[for, jokin], (maksamalla) repay; (tyy- 
dyttttft) satisfy; gratify; (tllelssi) credit, 
give .. credit [for . .] ; (tuottaa iloa) 
delight, please: ^ jonkun mimlta delight, 
please, gladden, cheer, comfort; *• fon- 
kun tiliU lollakin aammaUa credit a sum 

to one's account, credit one with a sum, 
give one credit for a sum, put (L place) 



Iiyvltfi 



— n« — 



hyviksytUi 



tbe aiDount to one's credit, carry a sum 
over to one's credit account, hyvltys com- 
pensation, remuneration; (etenkin kirsi- 
tystt Tablngosta, vaftryydestt y. m.) 
amends, reparation, mdemnificatlon, re- 
dress, retribution; (tilelssi) crediting, griv- 
ing credit (for . .] ; (korvaus, palkkio) rec- 
ompense, reward; gratuity; (llo) deligbt, 
pleasure; hypHykamhrni as a compensation, 
to make amends, as a reward, in return 
[for ..]; mntmm hypiiygtS /oUdkolf* #o«fa- 
him make amends to one for, make up to 
one for, compensate (1. remunerate) one 
for.., (kaupp.) reimburse one for..; pmmtia 
hyvHymtM j^gtmhin demand satisfaction for. 

hyvyvs goodness, fairness; kindness; (laatu) 
quality; hSmmWk on kylUn tMrnMn tmmaiimmn 
hyvyyttu be bas plenty of the good tbings 
of tbis world. 

hyvi I. (a.) good; fair; (ysttvtmnen) kind; 
II. (8.) good; best, welfare, weal; (etu) 
benefit, interest; hyvUlmmn ks. bakus.; hy- 
wma tmimUn In good spirits, in a bappy 
mood, in a cbeerful frame of mind; hyvil- 
IMMm ks. bakus.; '^ hmrra (kirjeissi y. m.) 
Dear Sir: — ; «*' hmrrmsmni (ivall.) my dear 
(L fine) sir! '^ ihmm goodness (gracious) ! 
my (goodness) r, bow you bave grown. 
mlten sin& olet kasYanut j ; «*' ilnrn fine (1. 
nice 1. fair) weatber; hyvakm^an ks. klyt- 
tift, Ivkmrn; hyvSkMi kS. bakUS.; hyvmm ks. 
iMlsta, tuBtaa; hypSlU (pakotta) volun- 
tarily, willingly, of one*s own accord; by 
fair means, (sovussa) amicably, in a friend- 
ly II. peaceable) manner n. ^^'8y), Kd. aopla 
fbuom. «J jigwailx ^ikd fHfhafla neither tjy 
fatr means nor foul 3 ; hyvatm hinn&lla M n 
barraln* cheap: hyvalia tyyilM wun snQd 
r^a^n [hirom. hUn t*ki *mf% ^tfortin^ hy 
«aUm tyyii^ (my63:) be had all the r^^-i--:*!! 
m the world to do that] l hyvMHa tuuUUm 
in ^1X1(1 humor (1, cheer), m gay f*rirstii; 
hyviUtil k^. h«ltU, malctu, nl^yttlJi* tun- 
tami * mieW (tyj, tyvUlsyy^) sail sf tin nn, 
cofit*3Titmeni, H-raiinratlon [huoiTL minulla 
011 hyvM mitti ftiitH), mttd .. I'm f^Ud (1. 
p!c:L4^d> Ihm . .: otta hyvatla mUMlU /q«- 
t^kin b^ pleased O. sati^nerj L conientetl) 
with, feel fratiried ahoui, feel trraitrica- 
ticm OD tcrount of] ; -^ mi« irood man f 1. 
f«IIow), fine fellow; hyvHn aihaa quite a 
Igood) whtl€, (}xntfl lodp cnoiifrt]: hyvHn 
jfUkaia (qx3lt*3) a irooil wayfs>, qiilto h dt-^- 
tonce; hyvMnMS k*. hakus; hyvsn&t hyi^tk- 
mMMn kE^, pitJU^ - en Uiat'» (roort li. UwK 
(hUUdahdiiK*ena:) ifondl Hiiel all rlpht! 
— imn} /• ttkitt pretty g*>od at that I so 
fir M good J that'5 mil very welK ~ puaK 
good side, irood fe tTjre. (eiulsTju^j nd- 
vantage !buom. ^»imita on at " pooit^ titU 
^M tbe matter has this ih the) advaniape 
that . * , a good feature of the mailer is 
that . . , iVs an ativaniasfp In the maUwr 
that . .]: hyPMMMM nmiwmMa \n (lerfert ppare, 
in tmdtsturhed retlrcini^nt^ hyvUt ahdot 
good CL ea*y 1. ravorahli?! terms; hyvMt 
harrmt fpuhiUeHaeH^ifl:) ^-i^ni^pmen ' hyvMi 
ihrnimmt good people, (armeliaat) Itlnd peo- 
ple rnuom, aikSi^ hy&St ihmimtt, 9ita tehkS 
aon't do thai, (road people^: hyvHi foiVt^vf 
bright n, briliiani) prospects, f*ir rimiirf^. 
hriwM 0. radiant) hopes; * ttmma trr^ncl 
(1- bright i, bHinani) idea; - tyU ^Uul * I. 
cliarliilite) de^^d rl. net), hen+i-fai tl'^ii. 
hlr**mir: hyM^ti tyStM U piete or> iro^sd 
«orRlnnniilllp, mnt^tlinmn -* Uhe) material 

ir<Kid- *i BiwJM Mitts * that w^nl make up 
for it yet, ttimt urm^t do yi^t, that s fi*'t 
won ugh yM inm/in mi tfiata miHU «, mttU 
hMrt my§9kin . . 11 wai 

did tbit« but be 



HOI •Dougb tbtt bt 



also . .] ; hMnmn ai •!« <*> mammM abma It 
is not a good thing for bim to go there, 
(varokoon) be bad better look out about 
going there, be bad better not go there; 
kyUiaUtM [viaiM] « tal«« that will be (1. wiU 
turn out) aU right [yet] ; iUan pmlfon hy- 
pMM too much good, too much of a good 
thing, too many good tbings; miata hypMa^ 
m what for? why? (mista syyst&) for 
what reason? [buom. miaid hyvSata iait 
iamMn aainaUa What have I done to you 
that you should treat me like this?] ; mUta 
hytfMM iSatU am what good will come Of 
this? what's tbe use (1. good) of tbis? 
what good will this do? [sal palata] nUna 
hrvinanaU [bad to return] empty- banded 
(1. without accomplishing anything) ; no ^ 
very well! well then! all right, then! on ^, 
|oo , . it is a good thing, if . . , it is well, 
if . .; oniko mna ainuatm ^ do you consider 
tbe poem good? is tbe poem good in your 
opinion? (miellyttt&kO) does tbe poem 
please you (1. appeai to you) ? do you like 
tbe poem? aa an hMmatta hyvShai it is well 
for bim, it will be a good thing for bim, it 
will be a benefit to bim, it will be for bis 
good (1. best); aim ^ well at that, (kyl- 
lin) enough at that, (loppu) there is no 
more to be said, that ends the affair, that's 
tbe end of it, (slbiA kaikki) that's aU; 
eAAtfa an maiddn «*' oila we are very com- 
fortable here, it is good for us to be here. 

hyvilanaloinen earning good wages; (toimi) 
good paying, -avuinen able, capable; tal- 
ented. -«nteinen auspicious, betokening 
success, propitious, -huuto shout (I. cry) 
of applause (1. approval), cheer, (shout of) 
bravo; acclamation. 

hyvillevi caressing, fondling; gentle, soft; 
hyvaaaviM& MSnatlM in a coaxing voice, in 
a bland tone of voice. 

hyvillli caress, fondle; pet, coddle; make 
much (I. a lot) of; (taputella) pat, (eslm. 
bevosta) pat and stroke; (sivelU) stroke 
[a cat, kissaal ; ^ toiaiaan caress (1. pet 1. 
make much of) each other, bug (each other). 

hyvilly caress(es), CLresslng, fondling. -Iia- 
luinen fond of caressing (1. petting), given 
to fondling, -niml pet name, -aana term 
of endearment. 

hvviinen good; '^ aika goodness gracious! 
for goodness' (1. mercy's 1. pity's) sake! 
dear me! by all means! 

hvvikasvuinen (rehevft) thriving, flourish- 
ing; luxuriant, rank. 

hv vikti : ionikin [fonktm] «*' for . . , for the 
benefit (1. good) of ... in the (best) inter- 
est(S) of . . [buom. esim. hUnan hyvUkaaan 
for bim. m (1. for) his benefit, in his favor, 
for bis best (1. welfare); ia&nmaanaa ^ for 
one's country, for tbe good (1. for tbe best 
interests) of one's country; kdyhian « for 
tbe benefit (I. good) of the poor; raHtlaa- 
aaian '^ for the temperance cause, in the 
Interest of the temperance movement, 
(edistftmiseksi) to promote the temperance 
movement] ; ylaiaakai (\. yhteiaekai) ^ for 
the common good, for the public welfare 
(1. weal) : ks. kMXntyll, nMhdM, olU, vaikuttaa. 

hyviksyji (vekselln) endorser, hyviksymi- 
nen, hyviksymya approval, approbation, 
sanction: acceptance; acknowledgment, 
recognition; (myftntymys) consent, assent; 
(ftftnekfts) acclamation, applause, cheers; 
(vekselln) endorsement. hvviktymitSn not 
accepted (I. acknowledged 1. recognized) ; 
not approved, disapproved, hyviktyttivyya 
acceptability, hyviksytavi acceptable: 
(kobtalalnen) reasonable, plausible, hy- 
vikayttli bava . . approved (1. acknowl- 
edged L recognlied I. iiDctloDed l. ac- 



hyviksyvA 



120 



hyyayttU 



cepted): hyvSkMyttmt vk»€Un9M /ollolralfa 

have a p. endorse one's note; vrt. hyviksyiL 
hyviktyvi approving; hyvMhtyvH aSni ap- 
proving voice, voice of approval, hyviksy- 
viati approvingly; nySkhUmi pMMtUMn hy 
vMayvamti nodded bis bead approvingly, 
gave a nod of approval. 

hyviktyi approve (of); accept [an applica- 
tion, nakemus] ; find . . good, commend; 
(tutkinnossa) pass; (tunnustaa) recognize, 
acknowledge; (Jilseneksi y. m.) admit; 
(noudatettavaksi) adopt; (myOntyft) ac- 
quiesce in, agree to, assent to; sanction; 
grant; - mhdat accept (1. agree to) the 
terms; « Joku i&smnmkai admit (1. accept) 
one as a member; '^ kmlvoUia^hMi (myOs:) 
approve, accept; '^ ImU adopt a law; '^ Jo- 
kin mlMpidm approve of (1. accept) an 
opinion, acquiesce in an opinion; ^ Jonkun 
pyyntB grant a p.'s request; ^ Joku tuthin- 
nomta pass one in an examination [buom. 
Mnmt hyvdkMytHin tutkinno99m be passed 
bis examination, be obtained a passing 
mark; MmU «i hyvMk^yttv tutkinnossa he 
failed in bis examination, be failed to pass 
bis examination, be was rejected in the 
examination] ; ^ vmkssU endorse a note, 
(esim. pankista pubuen:) accept a note; 
•hdotns hyvMksytHin (\. tvU hyvttksytyksi ) 
the proposition (1. suggestion) was ac- 
cepted, (kokouksessa y. m.) the motion 
was carried; shtolm mi vmi ^ Xh^ terms can- 
not be accepted, the terms are unaccept- 
able; si « (myOs:) disapprove, disallow, 
(tutkinnossa) fail to pass . .; (hylat&) reject; 
mi mlm hyvUksyttUvissS cannot be accepted, 
is unacceptable; en hyvUhsy Mnmn kSytSs- 
tSOn I don't approve of bis conduct, I take 
exception to (1. 1 disapprove of) bis conduct; 
mn vmi ^ hMntH (tutkinnossa) I cannot pass 
bim, I must fail bim; lashn hypOksyttiin 
mmksmttavaksi the bill was accepted (1. ac- 
knowledged); yhdistys hyv^ksyi nudmt 
sUMnnSt the society adopted new by-laws. 

hyvikit chap, fellow; tOmS^ this fine fellow. 

hyvillahjalnan gifted, talented, (richly) en- 
dowed (by nature). -luontoin«n good- 
natured, good-tempered, good-humored; 
(ystftvftllinen) kind, -luontoisuua good 
nature (1. humor); kindness. -inain«lnen 
. . of (a) good reputation. . . of good re- 
pute, . . bearing a good name; . . of good 
character, -mulatlnan . . with a good (1. 
an excellent) memory, -nahkalnan (kuv.) 
good-natured; easy(-going); inoffensive; 
peaceable. 

hyvinllhajulnan sweet-scented, sweet-smell- 
ing; fragrant, aromatic, -kokoinan fairly 
large (1. big 1. great), good-sized; (melkoi- 
nen) considerable. 

hyvinlainan fairly (1. quite 1. rather) good, 
(Jkpv.) pretty good; (keskinkertainen) fair, 
middling; (melkoinen) goodly [amount, 
mftArft]. hyvinlaisatti fairly (1. quite) well; 
fairly, tolerably; sai smikiiiinsS hyvUfOmisms- 
ti (Jkpv.) got a pretty good licking (1. 
trouncing). 

hyvinllmakulnan nice -flavored, fine- tasting, 
savory; palatable, delicious; on hyvUnmm- 
kaista (tav.) tastes fine (1. good), -puo- 
lainan « hyvKnlalnen. -pilviinen: hyv&n- 
ptdvSinmn smikUsauna a sound thrashing, a 
pretty good licking (1. trouncing), -piivii- 
•atti (Jkpv.) good and plenty; sai hyvMn- 
paivmsmsti smiksansa got It good and plen- 
ty, got a sound thrashing, bad bis Jacket 
well dusted. -«uopa . . of good intentions, 
well-meaning, well-intentioned, . . who 
means the very best; benevolent, benign; 
weli-dlspoied, kindly disposed, kind, gra- 



cious. -«uopuua good- will, kind(li)ness; 
benevolence, benignity, graciousness. 

hyvinaA: kmn (L kuka) ^ who (so) ever; 
kttinka pmlion « bowever mucb, no matter 
bow much, any amount (l. number I. 
quantity); knka. «, /oJka . . anyone (1. any- 
body) who . .; mbmm «*' wherever, where- 
soever, no matter where; miea ^ wbat- 
( so) ever, anything [esUn. Mtn ndyttSM m«- 
iihfan mitM « he seems to stand anything-, 
be seems to put up with anything (1. every- 
thing)] ; mitM Immtwm « Of any kind (what- 
ever); oiipa son Itdta ndfn '«' be it as it 
may, however it may be; no matter bow it 
IS; vrt. ^hf^«*w^- 

hyvinllaAvyinen good-natured, kindly dis- 
posed; (rauhallinen) peaceable; (suuttu- 
maton) mild, inoffensive. -«ivyitaati good- 
naturedly, kindly; peaceably. -«ivyiayya 
good nature, friendly disposition, kindness. 
-«ivylaA ->- hyvMnsMvyliieB. -iahtolnan kind, 
benevolent, benign; well-meaning, well- 
intentioned, . . with good intentions, -tab- 
toitaati kindly, benevolently, -^htoiauua 
kindness, benevolence, benignity, good- 
will; good intentions; kaikmssa kyvMntoh- 
toisnudmssm in all kindness, with the best 
(of) intentions, -iapalnan well-behaved, 
c-rfod-mannorpft: vrt, bfrvKflcJivytnen. -taka- 

hyvjjint«k«¥iitr]rB cturuy. uiaiinaisuutena) 
I fi.n JtflJ>i*;^(jesj^, beiievtJkure, beneficence, 
-lafvoi €tiarlial>le (1. charity) institution. 
-myyJAit«i t^iiarlty bazaar. -«0ura charit- 
able (J, ht^rif!VoteiU) sfX'ioty. 

byyini laiijjft t>^nefHCKir. -tahiJAtir (woman) 
iKTif'rafiur. -taklAUn stTviie in return. 

Hyvilintolyon^nleml CriiK^ oC fVtnid Hope. 

h y V i n ;: t u n n L -t u n to \w litxK o f satisfaction, 
(sense tif) cfmilon, oftniiilapeiicy; pleasant 
n. comrortdblc) feeling, -tuoktulnan fra- 
grant; aroRiailr. 

hlfvAnlpito hi>!4jMtality: entertahunent. 

hywi Qppinon c|iiii'k 0. a]il) to learn, apt, 
f^iLip 4'litiriiistiJ:} tPar?ial>]f, it^icile. -palk- 
kAm«n v\ ell paid, .. with a good salary. 
-pAinan . . with a good bead; quick-witted, 
apt; brainy. -pAivA: toki minaUo hy0iln- 
pOivHn said "how-do-you-do" to me. -ro- 
tuinan . . of good breed. . . of blooded stock. 

hyvAatallA: ~ fotmkuta say good-by (1. fare- 
well) to one, take leave of one, bid one 

hyifAttI 1. (Iiyvin) x%eli; ^. (rjyva.'«tU4iel' 
tAe!^:^:) go<HM}y(e>? fare well; s*lieul 
fjkpvj so long: tlapsille iiuliHttaes^a:> 
by -by! - ^att^wMtMn al tUp nartiuir. while 
iL \%h€ti) lakltiK Jejivp a, bUliJinK fureAKeJDp 
vrt. Jilttliji; hytfUMtikmi in parting, iin a fare- 
vveU. -JitUft [tJiriinjF, Leavo taKing; f^reWelJ, 

hyvittll: h»tWt — a tender fare well, a lov- 
i\\^ k»>'hI l>y. 

hy¥A: iydliminen Mml Tn-'artnr]. klTitl; Vrt. 
hyv&luoatdmciu -i^dami««Atl kilid-llCiATtcd- 

ly. kindly. -«ydAiniayya kind-heartedness, 
kindness. -«Avylnan — hyvInsAvyliien. -ia- 
kalnan well made. . . of good make, -toi- 
vainan . . with fair prospects; (lupaava) 
promising, -tulainan lucrative, remunera- 
tive, gainful, profitable; hyvStvloinmn toimi 
gainful occupation, lucrative position. -tyA 
kind (1. charitable) deed (1. act), kindness; 
benefit; blessing, -varalnan well-off, well- 
to-do. 

hyvAAIItarkattava well-meaning, well-inten- 
tioned. -takavA charitable, kind, benevolent. 

hyy (Jftft) ice; (kylmyys) chill, cold; frost. 
nyyda (Jftfl-) formation of ice; (riite) skim 
(1. thin crust) of ice; (byytymft) congela- 
tion, (veren) clot. hyydyttAA congeal; 
(maksottaa) coagulate, (verta y. m.) clot. 



HfyM* 



— 12< 



Hf«tf 



liyyMt clotted mass» clot; coagulation; 
congelation; (hyyteld) Jelly. 

hyylMni slush, sludge; lUnH mmnmm hyyh' 
mt/Un a skim of broken ice is formingr on 
tbe lake, hyyhmiinan slusby. 

hyyppi (eliint.) lapwing. 

kyyry (vuokra) rent; (laivavAen y. m. palk- 
ka) hire, hyyryillnan (talon) tenant; (buo- 
ne-) lodger, hyyriti (vuokrata) rent; (pes- 
UU) hire, hyyriys renting; hiring. 

hyytaM Jelly. hyyUI«ityi (turn to) Jelly. 

hyytslAiiauhe Jelly -powder, -maija Jelly- 
dish (1. -bowl). 

hyyialdiiitin«n Jelly-like, gelatinous. 

Iiyytymln«n congelation; ^veren y. m.) clot- 
ting, coagulation, hyytynyt congealed; 
clotted [blood, verl]. coagulated; Jellied. 
iiyytyi congeal; (maksottua) coagulate, 
clot; (hyyteldsta y. m. pubuen:) set; 
(hyytelOityft) Jelly; hyytyS ^nnalta form 
a crust on top; mmi vmrmn hyytymUMn rao- 
mi9mmni made my blood curdle (1. run cold). 
iiyytu (jaaUA) cover (1. coat) with ice. 
freeze; (J&hmetyttAft) congeal; (veri y. m.) 
clot, coagulate; on hyytUnyt l&rvmn the 
lake has been covered with ice. the lake is 
skimmed over with ice. 

liyM«lava (puut.) hotbed, forcing-bed. 

liyMyka commodity. 

hyMwIlln^n useful; serviceable; beneficial, 
profitable; good; (terveellinen) whole- 
some; (sopiva) expedient, advisable, hyd- 
dylliaMti usefully; beneficially, profitably. 

hyodylliayya usefulness, utility; use; profit- 
ableness; wholesomeness; expedience, ad- 
visability, -nikdkanu standpoint (1. stand- 
ard) of usefulness; utilitarian view, -oppi 
doctrine of utility, utilitarianism, -pari- 
«■!• principle of utility, utilitarian principle. 

hyMyUlmlnan benefiting, profiting, being 
of avail; vrt. hyMrttfil. 

hwMyttti benefit, profit; be of use [to one, 
Jotaikutal; (auttaa) boot, avail; mlnun mi 
hySdyiS mmnnS 9inn€ there is no use Of my 
going there, I don't profit any by going 
there, it avails me nothing to go there; 
mtt« M ^ (of) what good is It? what's the 
use (of It)? of what avail (1. benefit) is 
It? what boots it? «« d hyddyta mHMHn 
It's (Of) no use (1. good 1. avail), it profits 
nothing. 

hyMyttAmyya uselessness. futility; unprof- 
itableness; fruitlessness. unfruitfulness. 
hyMyUAmiatl uselessly, bootlessly; frult- 
leMly; (turhaan) in vain, hyMyi«n ti?c- 
l*?5«, tnf) no u^fi^ of (K In) Tin avail, . . 
^mnir no rnrrpoa^, bf)0!Jfiss; iin^ervl cit- 
able; um>rontabl*ri unavaiiinir fappt^ai, 
v^li.winu!*) : fhukkaan menii.vt> fruit Iciri:*, 
futUe; (Jiertelmuliini mifmuftjl: (iarpo*^- 
torn unTi#>'ces:^4ry. needless ; (tiirhB) vnin, 
idle; aiKdtamaton) ijn|.Mrtliirliv(^; hyiSdy- 
f«it yrityM u^f^k-^s n. fullle T. %nin) ntteniT'l, 
lU^^mpt in vain; &n hylidytiSntii yrittaH l['S 
Tvrj in*r iryjnir, it's \igpt**!^*i In try. 

l»y(»kUyt fttlark, a-^^miH. ortt(ot: on^hmrlU: 
ns^K run, ^ryTii>akK(.i> <^haf*:P: (niHiUmri ] 
inra^lnn; '^ gonkin f^mkun] kimpptiun ?)i 
tai'lt rl. as?ittiHll on . .: -- tinnotuk*€9ta 
j*ot.t >orttf, !?Jllty; Uhdti kovia hyokkayk- 
MtM i^twkwita iNittiiwn make ^hatp attark^^ «ki 
H p.. aitti:li (L aji^aiilt^ niie violently: ni- 
A4lff«*A "^ wnmuhmn InvfL'^lon (U 1nr*ur-iK»n> 
of ini?! cn^my into th*? ruooin% vrt, m**- 
famn-'. -at* wi^»i>on itT fiTtim^ft, -a^tnto 
<THiefcjcailiis»3J Jnn^fr. -Illli* ajrsrrflHsjvt^ (I. 
cirr^n^ivfi) movent i^rn. -iinj* iinp or battip 

^flk^Pkki M^UHl 1<* (\. for) flttark; antaa 
hy$kkSy*m*rhhi fttVi? a ^^wn9^ to Bttrick. 

^torv^na) sounrl the cUftp^-e. (funnnnlUi 
baat ili« charge, beat to attack, -puori the 



offensive, -aota aggressive (I. offensive) 
war. -auunnltalma plan of attack, -tapa 
manner of attack. 

hydkkUJA aggressor; assailant, attacker, 
assaulter; (maahan-) mvader. hydkkAAvA 
aggressing, attacking, assailing; rushing; 
aggressive, offensive; hySkhsavd pnoli the 
side making the attack, the offensive (side). 

hy«ky surge, surging; (mainlnki) swell, -aal- 
to breaker; surge, roller; swell; heavy sea. 

hydkyi surge, swell, roll; heave, be agitated: 
(aaltoilla) billow. 

hydkiu (syOksyA) rush, dash, make a dash 
(1. a rush) [for a place, Johonkln paikkaan 
(1. Jotaktn paikkaa kohti)]; (rynnAtft) as- 
sault, force; (tehdA hy<)kkAys) make an at- 
tack, (make a) charge; (ahdistaa) attack, 
assail; (kAydA kAsiksi) fall (1. set) upon, 
beset; (maahan y. m.) invade; ^ 9aHU 
dash (I. dart 1. rush) forward [plllopalkas- 
ta y. m.: out] ; ^ Jonkun kimppatm fall (1. 
set) upon one, assail (1. attack 1. assault) 
one. make an attack (1. an assault) upon 
one, rush (1. fly) at one, (morkaten) rail 
(1. inveigh) against one [huom. hUnmn 
kimppnwmBa hySkSttiin he was assaulted (1. 
assailed 1. attacked) ; hSn^n himpptmnsa on 
tmkaraati hySkStty aanomaimhdiaaU (my5s:) 
he has been the object of a violent attack 
in the newspapers] ; ^ maahan (vihoUinen) 
invade the country; ^ ooaUa make (a rush) 
for the door, rush (1. dash 1. burst) out 
of the room; ^ Jonkun pdmia ks. - Ump- 
puun; aaiintya hyShSt^n act on the Offen- 
*«fvc, be the aR-rrf»aRor; vihonin^n hySkkuMt 
ksupunkiin OHiiJ^-N lilt' <>n^*in.v niiiE t luniJ iii- 
to U. entflrert) the city, (ryntttsiO tbe **np- 
my look the city by stornj- 

hydntalnttn tnsecL 

hy6nt«isiijmjha Insets t-powa^r. -kokiwlma 
■ oikn'tion of Insects. entomoToirlraJ collet- 
111 JO. «jaji khid (1, spocles) of inser-t. -ayft- 

Ji felaltil.) hL^pf'tlvore. 

h]r5nteiitsnk«rUJi (tatherftr oF Inserts, pn- 

hyartt«ifl,|tiede pntonitjlotry, -ti»t««11ln«n en- 
tum'^hiPfiraL >toukK« larva, lateniilJar 
-tutiija ieotumoioB^lst, 

hirflHuUi, hyj^pjnl huppy, flurry; bustle, 
buiitMng. in:s^, ac]f>: rt(jlrjj<*lia)!*uuHi ncilvl- 
ty, (tunkHina) swarTrjinir, thronging- : (s^^ 
ka«ortf*> rorifUJJf^n; matutman hy&rinHtMa 
In the hustle and bustle (1. in the huriy- 
burly) of the world. hydHA (touhuta) be 
busy; (make a) bustle; (make a) fuss 
[with a th.. Jonkin hommassa]; (hAArAtA) 
be in a hurry, be in a flurry; (parveilla) 
swarm, throng; hyUrimn busily; hyUHi la 
pySHi is In a hurly-burly, rushes (1. dashes) 
to and fro; lapM9i hySHvUi lattialla the 
Children are tumbling (1. rolling 1. tus- 
sling) on the floor. 

hydty use; benefit, profit; (etu) advantage; 
Interest; (apu) avail; (voltto) gain; (hyvA) 
good; (hyOdylllsyys) usefulness, utility; 
(soplvaisuus) expedience; hySdykMman ks. 
klytt&M: fonknn hyddyhai for one's good 
(1. benefit 1. advantage), for one's welfare; 
omakai kySdykaa^n for one's own profit (1. 
gain), for one's own advantage (1. good 1. In- 
terest) ; oila hy»dykmi be useful, be of use 
(1. service), (be a) benefit; «• mi olm kmnmlU- 
hUMn hySdyhai it's no good (I. of no use) 
to anybody, nobody has any use of It, It 
does not benefit anybody, It does nobody 
any good; aiitd mi oU mitddn hyStyS It's 
(of) no use (1. avail), it avails nothing, 
there's no use In (doing) that; tHats an aii- 
minnMhtihfii « the benefit (1. the advantage) 
Of this is apparent (l. evident). 



hydiylnM 



— iJS 



hilrliMmitU 



hydtyln«n. hyAtylsA (rehevft) thriving, flour- 
ishing'; luxuriant, rank; vrt. hybdyllineii. 
hydty ityyt flourishing condition; luxuriance. 

hyotymansllcka strawberry. 

hydtyminan profiting; gaining; growth; in- 
crease; improvement. 

HydtyllpariaAta principle of usefulness, util- 
itarian principle, -pyrktmys utilitarian 
tendencies (1. aims). 

hy6tyvi «- hytftyisM. 

hyAtyi benefit, profit; (volttaa) gain; (vau- 
rastua) improve, become better off; (re- 
hottaa) thrive, flourish, luxuriate; '^ ife«- 
takin derive advantage (1. benefit) from, 

Erofit (1. benefit 1. gain) by, be benefited 
y. gain advantage from XI. through), 
reap benefit from; «» pta-hmiun (\. •niun) 
profit most, gain the most advantage, make 
the most [in the deal, kaupassa], reap 
most benefit [huom. h&n miinU parhaiUn (\. 
•niun) hy6tyi (myOs: ) he got the best of it] . 

hydtii (maanv. & puut.) force. 

hAdintutkIn narrowly, barely, hardly. Just; 
with a narrow margin; (suurella vaivalla) 
with great difficulty, with much trouble; 
hUn ^ lUpSiMi tutkinnoasa (myOS:) it was 
as much as he could do to get through (1. 
it was as much as ever that he got through) 
the examination; h&n pmloBttd ** he had a 
narrow escape, (Jkpv.) he had a close call 
(1. shave). 

hidiaOAn (kilreissftAn) in his [her, their] 
hurry, (hfttftannyksissftftn) in his [her, 
their] anxiety (1. alarm 1. distress); Ma '^ 
be distressed [about, Jostakln], be alarmed 
[about . .]. 

hldAnalainan distressed; destitute, needy, 
indigent; famine -stricken; '^ aaina dis- 
tressing situation, distress; hSdiinaiidailU 
for the distressed, for the sufferers, for 
those in need. 

hlljy bad, wicked, evil; (pahanilklnen) 
naughty, mischievous; (ftrtyisft) sour, 
cross; (tyly) harsh, unkind; (pahansuopa) 
malicious, malignant, malevolent: (katala) 
base, mean, vicious; ^ haltia imp, gnome; 
'-' Ittonnm bad (1. wicked) character, ugly 
(1. cross) disposition, mean (1. vicious) 
temper; «» poika naughty (1. mischievous 1. 
bad) boy, (ilkeft) vicious boy. hAiJyIAInan 
imp, rapscallion; ainU amnkin hSijyliHnmn 
you mean thing! you imp! 

hiljynllilklnan malicious, malevolent, evil; 
(pahajuoninen) sly, (maliciously 1. wicked- 
ly) cunning. -Ilkltatti maliciously, malev- 
olently; slyly; with malicious (1. wicked) 
cunning, -ilkityyt 1. -Ilkayt malicious (1. 
wicked) cunning, slyness; maliciousness, 
malice, -kurinan (pahankurinen) mischiev- 
ous, naughty; (hftijynilklnen) malicious; sly. 

hAiJyttI wickedly; naughtily, mischievously; 
crossly; maliciously, malignantly; mean- 
(ly), viciously. hAIJyyt badness, wicked- 
ness, naughtiness, mischievousness, mis- 
chief; crossness; maliciousness, malice, ill- 
will, malevolence; baseness, meanness, 
viciousness; vrt. hMIJy. 

hAikAilamlta regardless of others, unscru- 
pulously, without any consideration what- 
ever; with no sense of propriety (1. decen- 
cy), Impudently; boldly, recklessly; un- 
concemed(ly), coolly, nonchalantly, with 
perfect ease: unceremoniously; (arvelemat- 
ta) without hesitation, unhesitatingly, heed- 
lessly; (muitta mutkitta) without further 
ado: (koristelematta) in so many words. 
hAikAilamAttflmyya unscrupulousness: reck- 
lessness; boldness, audacity, bravado, cool- 
ness; arrogance, presumption, insolence, ef- 
frontery, impudence, impertinence, pertness; 
lack of consideration. haikailtmAtt^inittl - 



hMikHilemMttS. hAlkAilamltAn unscrupulous; 
reckless; (arastelematon) unhesitating; 
bold [villain, roisto], audacious, (rohkea) 
daring; (Julkea) arrogant [claim, vaati- 
mus] ; (hftvsrtOn) Insolent, impudent; (nok- 
kava) impertinent, pert; (valiapltamatOn) 
regardless of other people ('s rights),* in- 
considerate. 

hAlkAIIIA have consideration [for, Jotakin] ; 
(arastella) shun; shrink [from ..1; (epa- 
rOlda) hesitate, scruple; waver; (ujostel- 
la) be (1. feel) embarrassed; MOkmrnmrnta 
ks. hakus.; hUn «i hSikSiUyt tmhd& aim he 
did not hesitate to do (1. scruple about do- 
ing) it, he did not stop at (1. stop short of) 
doing it, he was not above doing it, he did 
not mind (l.not shrink from) doing it, he had 
the impudence (1. the boldness 1. the face) 
to do it; oakaSkU&n hmkditamattS without 
the slightest hesitation, wholly unconcerned, 
with perfect nonchalance. nlikAlly sense 
of propriety (1. decency); regard, con- 
sideration; hesitation, scruples; wavering. 

hllklitavA dazzling, flashing; (kuv.) bril- 
liant [eloquence, kaunopuheisuus] ; Mh*- 
kSiaavSn valkma dazzling white. HAikAitU 
dazzle; (sokaista) blind; (kuv.) daze, fas- 
cinate; aa hmkmaaa ailmiU it dazzles (the 
eyes), it blinds the eyes. 

hAlkllty blinding, dazzling. 

hAllytaflA swing, sway (to and fro); rock; 
shake; (huiskuttaa) wave. wag. hAilyttAJA 
one who swings (1. sways 1. rocks 1. waves). 
HAIIyttiA swing, sway; rock; shake; vrt. 
helluttaa. hAllyvA(lnan) hovering; (kuv.) 
faltering, wavering, vacillating; (eparOi- 
va) hesitating; (epavakaa) Inconstant, 
fickle, flighty, unstable; (muuttuvainen) 
changeable, variable, unsettled; (oikukas) 
capricious, whimsical; (epavarma) uncer- 
tain, vague; kHiiyvmnan luonna fickle dis- 
position, changeable (1. flighty) tempera- 
ment; hUilyvdinan mialipitaaaaSSn waver- 
ing (I. unsettled) in one's opinion. hAIIyi 
swing, sway, play to and fro; (notkua) 
rock, shake; (huojua) float, fly; (lliUa) 
hover; (kuv. = horjua) flinch, waver, 
swerve, falter, vacillate, (eparOida) hesi- 
tate, (olla epavakava) be fickle, be un- 
steady, be unstable, (oikkuilla) be capri- 
cious, be whimsical; MUlyy ilmaaaa hovers 
(1. floats) in the air. 

hAIIAhdallA be swinging, be swaying, swing 
back and forth, sway (1. move) to and fro; 
(roikkua) dangle; (hulmuta) be fluttering; 
(vaihdella) vary, change. hlilAhdyt swing; 
(liikahdus) stir, start. hlilAhtAA swing; 
(llikahtaa) move, stir, budge; swerve; 
(hulmahtaa) flutter. 

hllpymlnan vanishing; fading (away); dis- 
persion, dissipation; vrt. hHlpyl. hAlpyml- 
t5n ineffaceable, indelible. hllpyvA (ha- 
viava) fading away; (kestamatOn) fugitive, 
transitory, transient, hllpyl disappear, 
vanish, drop out of sight; fade (away); 
(kulua) be obliterated, be defaced, be ef- 
faced; (halhtua) be dispersed, be dis- 
pelled, be dissipated; disperse, dissipate; 
hiUpyli [Jonkun] mialaatu fade from [one's] 
mind, drop out of [one's] mind; kHipyk 
muiatoata fade away (1. be obliterated) 
from the memory; minnm hUn hiUpyi where 
did he vanish (1. disappear)? what became 
of him? when did he drop out of sight? 
pilvat hSipyvHt the Clouds are disappearing 
(1. dispersing). 

hAlrltaamAta without being disturbed, with- 
out disturbance, undisturbed; unlnter- 
rupted(ly); (rauhassa) In peace, quietly; 
kMn Mrlattmm pnkaan MinU kMirHaamMitM 

he U writing undisturbed by the speech. 



HilrftMfiiAtAn 



— 1J3 — 



hAmin«nUinAt6n 



MUriiMmitdn undisturbed; unbroken [rest, 
lero] ; unmolested [Joy, ilo]. Mirittevi dis- 
turbing [influence, vaikutus] ; trouble- 
some; hSiritM9vM hHytSa disorderly (1. of- 
fensive) conduct (1. behavior). hiirltMVitti 
disturbingly; cmkattma hSiritMMviUti bave 
a disturbing (1. disquieting) effect (1. In- 
fluence), tend to disturb. Mlriuiji dis- 
turber; vrt. rauhaahlUritsiJiL 

hiJHU disturb [a p.'s rest, jonkun lepoa] ; 
(keskeyttaa) interrupt, break in upon [tbe 
silence, biljalsuutta] ; interfere wltb . .; 
(vaivata, haltata) trouble, (cause . .) In- 
convenience, make . . (any) trouble, put . . 
to (any) inconvenience, (horjuttaa) disar- 
range, throw . . into disorder; derange, upset 
.'a p.'s plans, Jonkun suunnltelmia] ; (b&tyyt- 
tia) harass, perplex, molest; rhftmment&ft) 
confuse, confound, bewilder; throw . . Into 
confusion ; perturb ; hSiriiMmmattU, MiritBrnvH 
ks. hakus.; hSiritty yBrmMha (\. U^o) broken 
rest; ^ rmaham (Jonkun) disturb oneCs 
peace), molest (1. trouble), (mlelenrauhaa) 
disconcert, make . . uneasy, perturb, (lak.) 
break the peace; ^ Jonkun moanaulatnata 
disturb one's digestion, upset one's stom- 
ach, not agree with one; toiv^Hava»ti en 
ksMta* Tmta I hope I do not disturb (you). 
I hope rm not Intruding; vaikuitad kHiri- 
e«n iokmnkin have a disturbing (1. a dis- 
quieting) effect upon . . , tend to disturb. 

hiiriytymit5n undisturbed, unmolested; un- 
broken; Imperturbable [coolness, tyyneys]. 
hiiriytyi be(come) disturbed; be Inter- 
fered with; be troubled, be inconvenienced; 
be deranged, be upset; be molested, be 
harassed; be(come) confused (1. bewil- 
dered), be(con[ie) perturbed; migtSSn hUi- 
riyiymSita not (1. Without) letting o.s. be 
disturbed (I. perturbed) by anything, with- 
out letting anything disturb one, wholly 
undisturbed, perfectly unconcerned. 

hiirld disturbing influence; disturbance; 
(tAhtitieteelllnen y. m.) perturbation; 
(himmennys) confusion; (epftjftrjestys) 
disorder, disordered condition; (haltta) 
trouble. Inconvenience, embarrassment; 
(rauhattomuus) agitated state, disquie- 
tude; unrest; (keskeytys) interruption, 
break. hAipi6ntaklJi disturber (of the pub- 
lic peace). 

hiive tinge: (vftri) color, hue; (vlvahdus) 
shade, hilv^nnyt shading; gradation (of 
rolnr«>: rffrj*!? hMio^nnym blendlnpT Of rnl- 
c*r*i. hiivftntU shailc Coff}. tone down, 
blend. miHi\i]3te. 

htlvl -^ Ulive. htivlhtU be i!hot fl. tlngerl) 
will) rrecL punasftllel: (MftmOuna) be 
rttmly n, lT**1t!*tJnctly) seen (1. observed); 
hSiw^hti «Ai un^ ntttlnr pn^t (I. alont?^) ; 
hMi^Mhti vihtriMHw l^ere ^vas a ^Umpse (1. 
t ifMirljt of ifpeen. 

hifcai Imcklp, herklp, Tiatcliel, flax -comb. 
Ii4iifl6i<fl HaPkle. h<?rlcle, hairHcl. coinT> U. 
rjr^^*) rrax^poiiavaii], hlhllttfUiJI hackl^r: 
p«rF0»n hikkUSitwiJM imyii^:} flat- comb p<r. 

Iiikkf U*rmim y\ m) «*a^e, fkana- y. m.) 
ci^jp: (bikini') rark; frtstlkko) gratlnp. 

Eritv: lattice; treMlJ*; (aUauS) railing: vpi. 
«tai~, kftSA"', llRtu-. -JuohiU ^ aIIh- 

jctolrsa. -lintu cafPtT bird, bird In a cape. 

^ati#*t v.Av<^n with a hfty-rack. 
hiitiiri^ (KatlO'j chandeUer tpenclani): 

<Titi>u > rantiHabra- <Kulvaua ) rack. 
^i^rti ^ hUkilJL 
hkkk ihJlll) roaJ prftJ** (kem) carbonic r>K- 

mt^i ; t Jkpv, t WAS. hUkSMn k!i, kuotU. tappu. 
hiliia noise, din; (baiy) alarm; fmoJiO tn^ 

mull, uproar. turmotL clamor. (Jkpv.) bub- 

bub; (bymtna) num. murmur, murmur- 

uxgd); (buuto) bawi(inr), roar; (elAmdl^ 



mlnen) fuss, stir, ado; (touhu) bustle; agi- 
tation; MiitUkSM ^ nooMi gracious, what an 
uproar that started! hillaU make a noise. 
be noisy; keep up a hubbub; bawl; (tou- 
huta) bustle, make a bustle. 

hilvenamin«n dispersion, dissipation; van- 
ishing, disappearing; fading (away). 

hilventii dispel [the gloom, surut] ; scatter 
[the clouds, pllvet], disperse, dissipate; 
(poistaa) remove, avert; (karkottaa) drive 
away [care, huolet], expel; (saada katoa- 
maan) make (I. cause to) vanish; (v&hen- 
t&ft) diminish, lessen; '^ kmkki mpmiykBrnt 
dispel (I. remove) all doubt; aurinho hdl- 
v9mMi pUvt the sun dispelled (1. drove 
away) the clouds; «« hsivntua •pSlauloia 
that dispels (I. removes 1. does away with) 
suspicion, hilvati (haihtua) be dispelled, 
be scattered, be dispersed, disperse, dissl- 

Eate; (kadota) vanish, disappear; (polstua) 
e removed; (bimmetA) fade (away); (va- 
het&) decrease, grow less, diminish; MpSi- 
lyka^t hiUomnivHt all doubts vanished (1. 
were removed); ktm Mmfn oil hdlvmnnyt 
when the smoke had rolled away (1. had 
vanished 1. had lifted); mniato hiUvmnme 
the memory is fading (away) ; soma hdlv- 
n«e the mist is clearing (I. lifting), the 
fog is driven away. 

hily (kajahdus) sound; (hftnmiennys) ex- 
citement, commotion, stir, agitation; sen- 
sation; (hftlinft) noise, clamor, uproar; ai- 
hmuttma hUlyU cause excitement (1. a sensa- 
tion), vrt. nostaa. hAiyU « hiUisUL hAlyyU 
tii turn in an alarm, sound the alarm; Atf- 
lyyttHH pmleknnta (UihkmmlU) turn in a fire- 
alarm. 

hilyytys alarm; v&ara (\, tnrha) '^ false 
alarm, -kallo alarm-bell, -lalte 1. -laitoa 
alarm, -laukaua alarm; ampua haiyytyalmx- 
kmu fire an alarm, -markkl signal of alarm. 

Hima Tavastland; Tavastla. 

himi: hSmiUmMn ks. Joutua, tulla, aaattaa; 
MmitliUin (hammennyksissft) confused, con- 
founded, (nolona) embarrassed, perplexed, 
(hapeissft&n) ashamed; (uJona) abashed, 
shamefaced, (Ihmeiss&ftn, ftlllstykslssaan) 
puzzled, baffled, nonplussed, dum(b)- 
founded. 

himmannalli = hXmmeiitiUL himmannya 1. 
confusion, confused state of things, (state 
of) disorder, disarrangement, disarray, dis- 
ordered condition, derangement; bewilder- 
ment, embarrassment, perplexity; (seka- 
sorto) chaos; (selkkaus) tangle, muddle. 
Jumble, mess; trouble; (sekaannus) mix- 
up; 2. (hftmmentamlnen) stirring; hSm- 
mmnnykaiin ks. joutua, aaattaa; of la hSm- 
mmrmykaiaaa be confused, be bewildered, 
be embarrassed, be perplexed, be con- 
founded, be muddled, (sekava) be entan- 
gled, be m disorder. himmantymAtfln not 
mixed (1. muddled); (kuv.) undisturbed, 
unconfused, unmoved, composed, (selvft) 
unblurred. himmentyi (asiasta:) get out 
of order, get into disorder (1. confusion), 
become deranged, become disordered, get 
into a muddle; (selkkautua) become en- 
tangled, get into a tangle; (henkllOstft:) 
be(come) bewildered (I. perplexed 1. con- 
fused I. confounded), grow confused, get 
mixed up [in. Jossakin], (hfttaantyft) get 
(1. be) disconcerted, (Jostakin eslintyjttstft:) 
be overcome by stage fright; (samentua) 
get (1. grow) muddy (1. turbid 1. roiled); 
become blurred; (sekottua) get mixed, get 
Jumbled; hdmmmntyS puhmmaatmn become 
confused during one's speech [and have 
to stop, Ja oUa pakotettu lopettamaan 
keaken], be overcome by stage fright, him- 
mMtimildn not stirred, unstirred; un- 



himmMitii 



— iU — 



blurred, untroubled, hlmiii^ntii (sekoUaa) 
mix, blend, mingle; Jumble: stir [flour 
into water, Jauhoja veteen], stir . . round 
and round, stir . . up, keep . . stirring; 
(samentaa) make . . muddy (1. turbid), 
roll; trouble; (hlmmentilft) darken, ob- 
scure, blur; (myllertftil) agitate, excite, 
tbrow . . Into commotion (1. agitation) ; 
(sotkea) tbrow (1. bring) . . into confusion, 
cause confusion [In. Jokin] ; make a 
muddle [of, Joklnj. confound, confuse, 
derange; unsettle, upset; (eksytt&ft) tbrow 
(1. put) .. out [In, Jossaklnj, bewilder, 
perplex; (sekaannuttaa) mix up; (bftlritfl) 
disturb, perturb; (tehdA mutkikkaaksi) 
complicate; MmmmntiUi ihmi^tmn k&MittmitM 
bewilder (1. confuse 1. disturb) people's 
ideas. 

hlmminki (h&lrlO) disturbance; (sekasorto) 
confusion, disorder, cbaos; (b&mmennys) 
perplexity, embarrassment. 

hlmmlttynyt surprised, astonished, amazed; 
confounded; (pelftstynyt) startled, shocked; 
(ftlllstynyt) puzzled; (noiostunut) baffled. 
himmiatys surprise, astonishment; (AlUs- 
tys) amazement; (nolostus) embarrass- 
ment, confusion; blank look; (sftik&hdys) 
consternation; shock; oUm Mmmamtyhaim- 
MiiMn ioMtakin be amazed (1. astonished) at 
(1. about 1. over) a th.. be surprised at (1. 
about) a th., be puzzled (1. baffled) about 
a th.. be confounded at a th.. be struck 
with surprise (1. amazement) at (1. about) 
a th.; 9uur9k9i hibnmMMtykmmhamni to my 
great surprise, to my astonishment (1. 
amazement). hlmmittyttiYi surprising, 
astonishing, amazing, astounding, star- 
tling; (ihmeteltftva) wondrous, marvelous; 
(hapeHlUnen) scandalous, shocking, hlm- 
mittyttlYitti surprisingly, astonishingly, 
amazingly; to a surprising extent, in a 
surprising degree. htminAttyttAA surprise; 
fill (1. strike) with astonishment (1. sur- 
prise 1. amazement), astonish, amaze: 
arouse astonishment; dismay, confound; 
(ftllistyttttft) puzzle; (nolostuttaa) baffle, 
dum(b) found; (sfllkflhdyttfta) startle, him- 
mistyi (kummastua) be astonished (1. 
surprised) [at a th.. Jostakin] ; be amazed; 
be dismayed, be confounded; (ftlUstyA) be 
baffled, be dum(b) founded, be stupefied; 
(tulla hftmllleen) become embarrassed (1. 
disconcerted 1. confused), be abashed: be 
(1. grow) puzzled fat, jostakin]; (sftlkfth- 
tytt) be startled, be shocked; MmmUMtyin 
Mnmn raaktmttaan I was amazed (1. 
Startled) at his cruelty; «n vol oila hSm- 
m&MtymUttU I cannot help being (I. cannot 
fail to be) surprised. 

himy dim light, gloom; (llta-) twilight, 
gloaming, dusk; aamuhSmymmU in the gray 
of the morning, in the gray dawn; Ulan 
hdmymmH In the gloaming (I. twilight 1. 
dusk). -h«tkl twilight-hour, twilight. 

himylnen dusky [room, huone]. dim, 
gloomy, himyti get (1. grow) dusk(y), 
grow dim. become (I. get) gloomy. 

hAmAhiklnllteltti 1. v^rkko cobweb(s), spi- 
der-web. spider's web. -tiima spider's 
thread, cobweb; (tekn.) spider-line. 

himAhAkki spider. -•lAin spider, (elftlnt.) 
arachnid. 

hlmAIAInen I. (a.) Tavastian. Tavastlandish. 
II. (s.) Tavast(ian), Tavastlander. 

hAmirtymin*n growing dim (1. dusky). 
himirtynyt (httmArfl) dusky, dim. himtr- 
tyi get (1. grow) dusky, grow dim; nSkS 
hSmMrtyy the Sight is growing dim; pSivU 
MmUrtyy It is growing toward dusk, it is 
getting dusky. 

himirtit grow duskCy), grow dark, grow 



dim; dtkma « It 18 getting dusky, It Is 
growing toward dusk; BiUmlMtti ^ my eyes 
grow dim, I see things dlmiy. things look 
dim to me. 

himiryya dimness, darkness; obscurity; 
gloom; (himy) dusk, twilight, (aamun) 
gray, hlmiri I. (a.) dusky [room, huone], 
gloomy; dim, dark, obscure; faint; (kuv.) 
mysterious, doubtful; vague, uncertain; 
(epHselvA) not clear, hazy; (peitetty) 
veiled [allusion, vilttaus] ; MbmMrin mmmmim 
(peltetyin) in a vague way, indirectly; Ml- 
mdrM mmtfittu dim foreboding, vague idea, 
hazy notion; HamUrM kMaHym vague <1. 
faint 1. dim) idea; MbmMrM mattm faint (1. 
dim 1. vague) recollection. II. (s.) dim 
light; dimness, darkness, obscurity; (ilta-> 
twilight, dusk; (aamu-) gray; on lUbmMrMm 
pmHomaa Is shrouded (1. veiled) in ob- 
scurity (1. mystery). himlHUMii dusky, 
dim, misty. 

hiiniriflp«riin*n obscure; doubtful, vague; 
(peitetty) veiled [allusion, viltuus], cov- 
ert; (salaperftinen) mysterious, mystic. 
-p«riiayya obscurity; doubtful character; 
mysteriousness. -«iliniiii«ii dim-8ighted« 
purblind. 

himiritti ■ dlmiy, faintly, vaguely, hazily; 
In » veiled manner, covertly; (salaperftt- 
sestl) mysteriously; vrt. oiulstiiA. ▼iltota. 

hin he, (nalsesta:) she; hammn his, her, 
hers [eslm. hUnmn lap««iiMi her child; Mp«I 
•n hSnmn the Child is hers]; MmMm to 
him [her], for him [her]; Ibinclei from 
him [her]; hMntu htm [her]. 

-hin (Jftlkilllte) ks. -haa; mthMm tUM kmimnm 
I suppose you don't repent it, you don*t 
repent it, do you? 

hAnnitelli: '^ fotahutm cringe before one, 
fawn upon one, (mlellstellft) dance at- 
tendance on . . , run after one, curry favor 
with . .; (Jkpv.) lick the dust before one. 
hinnittely cringing, fawning. 

hinnya tail, skirt; (laahus) train, -takkl 
dress coat, swallow-tailed coat, (Jkpv.) 
swallow-tail. 

hInnyat«Ut, hinnyatU - hiaiiltolUL hin- 
nyat«ly *= hKimittoly. 

hAnnillinan . . with a Ull, tailed. Mnnit^ 
tAmyyt: kmrhun hOnnMttSmyyM .. the fact 
that the bear has no tall . . . hinniUki . . with 
(1. having) no tall, tailless, (elAlnt.) anu- 
rous; (typyhAnt&lnen) bobtailed. 

hAnti tall; (ketun y. m., myOs:) brush; ^ 
hoipimn vmiB9M (koirasta:) with his taU 
between his legs. 

hAnUinan (yhd.) . . with a . . tail, . .-tailed 
[ eslm. kimmura^ . . with a curly tali, 
curly -tailed; iyhyt^ short-tailed; pHkM'^ 
. . with a long tail, long-tailed] ; vrt. tjrpy'*'. 

hintiljnikama caudal vertebra. -pAA tail- 
end, -ruoto (kalan) tall-end of the back- 
bone (of a fish). 

hipeitaiin [hdpmimma\ni, -H Jne.] : *« olmpm 
ashamed, shame -faced, (nolo) abashed, 
baffled; hUn inhti ^ tdom he went away (I. 
out) ashamed (1. crestfallen); ofcn MHtM 
hUpmimmUni I am (1. feel) ashamed of that, 
I feel cheap about it. 

hApei shame, disgrace, dishonor, ignominy, 
infamy; (hApeApllkku) stain; (hAvAlstys) 
Insult; hSpmimmmin ks. hakus.; MpmMkmmml 
to my shame (1. disgrace); MpmaUM mi- 
nomn. '^ aanoa shame to say. to my [your, 
his, her. our. their] shame be it said; M- 
pm&n otaok9i for very shameCs sake); Mp«- 
&Mn ks. Joutua, Mattaa; on MpmOui mmOim 
is a disgrace for (1. to) us, reflects (I. 
brings) shame upon us, is to our dishonor, 
puts us to (1. covers us with) shame, dis- 
graces (1. dishonors) us, does shame to us. 



125 



hiU 



is not to our credit, reHects (1. Is a re- 
riertfon) upon us; a^&tm hUpmSnmS hide 
one's disgrace (1. sbime). «Juttu scandal; 
vrC hBvaistysJvttn. 
MpeUHfiMi sHameful. disgraceful; (katala) 
mramoas [treatment, kohtelu], igrnomlni- 
ous [defeat, tapplo; punisliment, rang-als- 
tus] ; (kunnlaton) dishonoring, dishonor- 
able, discreditable; (herjaava) insulting:; 
(roskainen) scandalous; «- Jtutu scandal- 
ous affair (1. story), scandal; '^ puoii ami' 
«M« f 1. intmum) the scandalous (1. shame- 
fal 1. disgraceful) part of the affair; ^ 
rOmm Infamous (1. shameful) crime; '^ tmho 
sliamefiil (1. disgraceful) deed il. act), an 
Infamous act. Infamy, ignominy; MpmaiU' 
mmm Mcten tMhdmn for the sake of sordid 
gain. hipeUiiaaati shamefully, disgrace- 
fully, dishonorably, ignominiously, infa- 
moasly; scandalously, hlpeiiiiayya shame- 
(fulness), disgrace( fulness); ignominy, 
infamy; scandalousness. 
MpaAmftttdmyya shamelessness, effrontery; 
Impudence, brazenness, coolness; (Julke- 
us) Insolence; vrt. h&vyttSmyys. hipei- 
i ftU d m i aU shamelessly, impudently, bra- 
zenly, coolly. Insolently. hipeimit5n 
shameless, impudent, barefaced; (Julkea) 
bold, brazen, flagrant, unblushing, insolent. 
Mpaftlpaaiu pillory. -p«nkkl seat of correc- 
tion; stool of repentance, -pilkku stain, 
taint, blemish, blur, blot; disgrace; (hft- 
p«Ameii£ki) stigma. 
Mpv shame; (h&vyntunne) sense of shame; 
Csiitlnelin) private parts, genitals (of a fe- 
male), (anat., nalsen) vulva; •ihSn nyt oU 
hMpyM •ttmttkamn Shame Is now become an 
outcast, modesty is banished; Mn on hU- 
myUM JUbuObi kmikmimmut (sananp.) he Is lost 
(1. dead) to (1. he is past) all (sense of) 
shame. -Iiuuiet labia (pudendl). •kannu'% 
fkasT.) touch-me-not. «iuu (anat.) pubic 
bone, pubis. 
teftpAiaavi insulting, infamous. Ignominious; 
onprobrlous; (h&peaillnen) disgraceful. 
hApftiaija (pyhyyden-) blasphemer: (Jon- 
kun malneen y. m.) defamer. hApAltti (ol- 
la hipeiksi) disgrace, bring shame upon . . , 
put . . to shame; (Jotakin pyhftft) profane, 
desecrate; blaspheme; (loukata) violate, 
dishonor: (herjata) insult, affront, offer 
an Insult to; abuse, revile; (malnetta y. 
m.) defame; detract [from ..], debase; 
ha^mistM Ummnsa disgrace o.s., (tehdft tuh- 
ma.m) make a fool of o.s. 
MrtalallA, MrfttAA (pelottaa) scare, fright- 
en, intimidate: (uhau) threaten; (ftrsyt- 
tU) tease; haristSU hmppiSMn hH^htdlm 
threaten a p. with one's cane, shake one's 
cane at a p.; vrt. herlst«lll, h«rUtIM. 
hArkifi twlrllng-stlck. 
hApka ox (plur. oxen), (tav. nuorl) steer; 

(sonni) bull. -JyvA ergot. 
MMAflOlnan i. (Juro) sulky; 2. -= hftrkK- 



tteatt; lior?>^ |)f!aTi. ^arl I- -valjakko ii\ 
t#vn- *piln«n bull ii«^a(i<*(1. pif^-ht^rKiciL 
<iil»mi«t«*, 4tubl>am; rjUfijpftiruMU sulk v. 
' MsAi byTJ'beidPdIy, ^tiibrn truly, -pir- 
I buU-bpad«iJii««4. plfl-'hcafNHlftPs*, nb 
~ -pti obstlnaie (L bull noflil**«t I. 
w\ fellow, bullhead, muk: U'>rn 
tM\ sulky reI(i>M-. ?*ulk<er). -uliUltJa 
bull njrhier -tatatvlu bull riirbll(nfr). -iirn- 
fif H cert* AfiliamUta) hoi^pfheacl. 
fv&frn* t. (htpiio Jail Jul t Tme tiowdf?r, fhcin..} 

haptntniU, KtrmUUl {kern, k metal L) swh 
tintai«. aubJimc. hlrmUtyi (kent^ mtbljmp. 



hArma hoarfrost, white frost, rime. hArmAI- 
nen white with frost, covered with hoar- 
frost (1. rime). 

hAmiillA tease, chaff; provoke, vex. Irritate, 
fret; (pilkata) poke fun at; vrt. hArnatii. 
hArnAlly teasing, chaffing; vexing, irrita- 
tion, fretting. 

hArnAtA tease, hector; (ttrsyttftft) provoke, 
vex, irritate; (kiusata) torment; (yllytt&ft) 
excite (1. stir up) [to. johonkln] ; (suutut- 
taa) rouse [one's] anger, anger; '-' kUMtaan 
challenge; ~ koiraa tease (1. torment) a 
dog. hArnAya teasing, hectoring; vexing, 
irritating; tormenting; stirring up; chal- 
lenging; vrt. edell. 

hArplntA sipping; supping. hArpplA sip; sup. 

hAraklintyA turn (1. get 1. become) rancid, 
(jkpv.) get strong: vrt. eltaanttuu 

hArayttAA » ArsyttAA. 

hArAn- (yhd.) . . of an ox, ox- [esim. -Mntu 
tall of an ox. ox -tail; -ptftf head of an ox. 
ox-head; -rakko bladder of an ox. ox-blad- 
der]. -hAntAliemi ox-tail soup, -klell 
(keitt.) beef -tongue, ox -tongue. -Ilha beef. 
-paisti roast beef, -rinta (keitt.) brisket 
(of beef), -sappi ox-gall; ox-bile, -vuota 
ox -hide. 

hAthAtAinen hurried, cursory; (niukka) bare, 
scant(y). hAthAtAA (kiireelia) in a hurry. 
(Ikpv.: In a Jiffy), in haste, hastily; curso- 
rily: (tuskin) barely, Just. 

hAtlkkA one who is in too much of a hurry, 
an overhasty person, -ty* work done in 
haste, (a piece of) slipshod workmanship; 
(Jkpv.) slap-dash. 

hAtlkAldA be in too much of a hurry, hurry 
too fast (1. too much): (hydrift) be busy, 
make a fuss; flurry; tmhdS tybnma hStikSi- 
dmn (Jkpv.) slap -dash one's work. hAtikfil- 
mlnen being In too much of a hurry; flur- 
rying. hAtikAity overhasty: slipshod [work, 
tyO] : (ennenaikainen) premature. 

hAtlttAA rhase; shoo, scat; ~ poim (myos:) 
scare away. 

hAtkAhtAA (vavahtaa) give a start, start; ~ 
unmmta Start (up) out of one's sleep. 

hAtyytUmlnen = hAtyytys. hAtyyttAmAtAn 
unmolested, unharassed. hAtyyttAA attack, 
assail: set upon, beset, harass, perplex; 
(ahdistaa) press fone for a debt, Jotakuta 
velasta] : (hairitft) molest, disturb; trou- 
ble; (aiaa takaa) chase: h&n on Btumut olla 
hatyyttUm&tta he has been left tmmolested 
(1. undisturbed). hAtyytys attack(ing). as- 
sault(ing); besetting, harassing; pressing; 
molesting; chase. 

hAtA need, necessity, distress, tribulation; 
(pula) trouble, straits; (hfitfttila) emergen- 
cy, exigency, stress: (vaara) danger, peril: 
(huoli) anxiety; alarm, uneasiness; (tuska) 
agony, anguish; (kiire) hurry, haste; hS- 
diMMSSn ks. hakus.; hUdUn tuUon in time (1. 
in the hour) of need (1. distress 1. tribula- 
tion), in an emergency, (hfltfitilassa) in ur- 
gent (1. extreme) cases, in case of urgency, 
(tiukan tullen) when hard put (to): hUtS- 
kS9 moitlS on we are all right, we have 
nothing to fear (1. to complain of), we are 
not so baddy) off; hstuan ks. joutuA, rien- 
tAA. tulU: mi hUnmllU ol« mitHiin hdtaU he is 
in no danger, there is nothing the matter 
with him, he is all right, he has nothing to 
complain of; «l ^ lakia fa« (sananl.) neces- 
sity knows no law; «j ol« mitaan hstmi 
there Is nothing to be feared, (there is) no 
danger; onsi hUdSmmH at first, for the time 
being; onsi hutddn to tide one over, for a 
while, for the moment, for the time being, 
vrt. edell. : kuin konkonsS hUdaMmU as though 
one's life depended on It, for dear life: 
mihin minvAla on wmlioinon '^ why such a 



hitlapu 



— 126 — 



hlYlttU 



hurry? what makes you hurry ao? why 
such haste? where are you grolngr In such 
a hurry? mika (mintdU) on h&tUnH What's 
the matter (with you)? what alls you? 
what's going on? what's up? minwdlm tuU 
'^ I became anxious (1. distressed), (kitre) 
I got in a hurry; tytSUB oU ^ kStimmH the 
girl was in distress (1. in anguish). 

hitlapu relief, -komitea (famine) relief 
committee, -rahasto relief fund. -ty6 re- 
lief work; kaupunM tmmtt&a hatUapatiUtM 
(1. V.) the city is furnishing employment 
to men out of work (1. is relieving the un- 
employed by lumlshing them work). 

hiUnhoutu 1. = hXtlkkB, hKtMiUjX; 2. » pel- 
kuri. -huuto cry of distress; cry for help. 

hitillamittAmyya (levollisuus) calm(ness), 
quieKness): coolness, composure; confi- 
dence. hitiilemitAn calm, cool, quiet, com- 
posed, collected; confident, hitilliji one 
who hurries (too much), one who fusses; 
one who is easily alarmed. hiUilli hurry 
(too much), be too hasty, be In too much 
of a hurry, act rashly, precipitate matters; 
(hAtikOidtt) make a fuss, fuss, be in a flur- 
ry; (tuskailla) act Impatient: (olla huolls- 
saan, olla levoton) be (1. feel) anxious (1. 
alarmed) [about, Jostakin], be uneasy, 
worry, be worried [about, Jonkin takiaj; 
ma hatmu (there is) no hurry! don't hur- 
ry! (ole levolllnen) don't worry! hitiily 
hurrying (too much), acting rashly: fuss- 
(Ing); anxiety, uneasiness; impatience; 
worry. 

hitiinen (nopea, klireinen) hasty, hurried; 
(levoton) restless, Impatient; (huolestu- 
nut) uneasy, concerned, anxious, worried, 
alarmed: (hutiloiva) fussy, bustling; (het- 
kellinen) passing, transitory, cursory; (ftk- 
kiptkafnen) rash, overhasty; (ftkllUnen) 
precipitate, headlong; (ennenalkainen) pre- 
mature; ~ milmMyM hasty (1. cursory) 
glance, hurried (1. quick) look, hitilnaati 
hastily, hurriedly; restlessly. Impatiently; 
uneasily, anxiously; (hfttikOiden) hurry- 
scurry, slap-dash; (ennenalkaisestl) pre- 
maturely; vrt. sUmSllIM. hiaityya haste, 
hurrv: impatience; uneasiness, anxiety; 
fussiness; rashness; preclpltateness. 

hfttilljarru emergency brake, -kanta home 
baptism in case of emergency, -kaino emer- 
gency (1. extreme) measure; (tllapftinen 
keino) (make) shift, (temporary) expedi- 
ent; turvautua hataifinoihin resort (1. have 
recourse) to extreme measures, resort to 
makeshifts, -kello alarm-bell; tocsin; (hen- 
kilOstft:) one who is easily alarmed (1. 
frightened), -laukaut: ampua hataimuhaam 
fire a sirnal of distress, -lelpi famine 
bread. -Ilppu flag of distress, -merkki 
signal of distress, distress signal. -pik«a 
In a hurry, hastily; in a trice, -puoluatut 
self-defence; han sanoi ««n hatapuoiu»tnk- 
••kmi (myOs:) he said that to get out of it 
(1. to escape a th.). -pilvi: mi hanmUM ol« 
hatapaivaa(kaan) there is nothing the mat- 
ter with him, he Is all right, he has nothing 
to complain of. -rumpu: soittam (\. lybda) 
hatartanptm beat the alarm. ^atam« har- 
bor of refuge, -tila case of necessity (1. 
need), emergency, exigency, urgency; ha- 
tatilaMMa in case of need (1. emergency), in 
an emergency, if necessary; €dno«»t«utn 
(aarimaiM€99a} hatatUasMa only in extreme 
urgency, only in urgent (1. extreme) cases, 
as an extreme measure only, only as a last 
resort, -vale white lie. (Ikpv.) fib. -Yara 
makeshift, expedient: (hfitfikeino) emer- 
gency (1. extreme) measure, -varjelut self- 
defence. -Yarjaluaoikeua right of self-de- 



fence. -Yuoai year of famine (1. of scarcity 
1. of dearth). 

hiUya =» hKiXytymlnra; hatayksiMmaan in 
one's alarm, in one's anxiety, in one's dis- 
tress, hitiytymlnen alarm, anxiety, dis- 
tress; fright; confusion, embarrassment. 
hitiytyi become (1. grow) alarmed (1. 
anxious) [about a th., Jostakin], become 
distressed; (hftmmenty&) become (1. get 1. 
grow) confused, become disconcerted, be- 
(come) perplexed; (pel&styft) be(come) 
startled, be frightened [Into doing a th., 
tekem&ftn Jotakln], be intimidated; get ex- 
cited, (Jkpv.) get upset; (Joutua pulaan) 
become (1. get 1. grow) embarrassed, get 
into an awkward situation. 

hItiikiraiYi distressed, destitute, needy; 
(nftianO famine -stricken; hataakarmivitU 
for those in distress (1. In need), for the 
famine -sufferers, for the famine -stricken 
people. 

hitiintynyt alarmed; anxious; startled, 
frightened; hataantynyt katmm (myOs:) 
look of alarm. hitUntvi - hXtXytyK. 

hivaiiiiayya modesty, diffidence; (kalnous, 
ujous) bashfulness; (vaatimattomuus) sim- 
plicity; havmliaiMyydmn tnnnm sense Of mod- 
esty, sen.se of shame, hivallia modest; 
(vaatimaton) unassuming, unpretending, 
diffident; simple; (ujo) shy, bashful, 
timid, demure, coy. hivelliAatl modestly, 
diffidently; shyly, bashfully. 

hivettii make . . feel ashamed; mikS «lno« 
yhtaan havmta don't you have any sense of 
propriety (1. decency)? aren't you a bit 
ashamed of yourself [for acting like that, 
kiyttftytyft sill& tavalla] ? don't you feel 
ashamed any? 

hivati be (1. feel) ashamed [of, Jotakin], 
blush [at a th., Jotakin: for one, Jonkun 
tfthdenj; have a sense of propriety (1. de- 
cency); (antaa arvoa) have consideration 
(1. regard) [for one, Jotakuta] ; hapmamatta 
without any sense of propriety (1. decen- 
cy), without any consideration. (httvyttO- 
m&sti) shamelessly, unblushingly. impu- 
dently; kapman manoa (\. manomamta) I'm 
ashamed to say; ^ itmrnaan be ashamed of 
O.S.; mtka kapma haven't you any sense of 
decency? aren't you ashamed of yourself? 
(hyi hftpei) shame on youi (fie,) for 
shame! 

hivlkkl (tapplo) loss. 

hivlnnyt (kadonnut) lost, missing; (murtu- 
nut) ruined [health, terveys]; wrecked 
[happiness, onni] ; han on ^ ndmm he has 
lost everjrthing (he had), he has been 
ruined, he is a ruined man, he is done for, 
(mennyt) he has gone to the bad (1. to the 
dogs), (Jkpv.) he is a goner. 

hivittiji destroyer; devastator; pillager; 
(tuhlaaja) squanderer; (hajottaja) demol- 
isher; vrt. hXvlttXM. hivltUmlnen « hXvltys. 

hivittii destroy; ruin [one's health, tervey- 
tensft] ; wreck [their happiness, heidftn on- 
nensa] ; (tehda autioksi) lay . . waste, dev- 
astate, desolate; (kokonaan) annihilate, 
crush (. . to atoms) ; (ry()sti&il) pillage, 
plunder; ravage; (tuhlaamalla) wa^ste, 
squander, spend, dissipate; (menettftll) 
make away with . .; (kadottaa, hukata) 
lose, miss; (kavaltaa) embezzle, misappro- 
priate; (tappamalla) kill off, (sukupuut- 
toon) exterminate; (purkaa) demolish, level 
. . with (1. to) the ground, raze; (hajottaa) 
disperse, scatter; rout (out), put to rotit; 
(polstaa) obliterate, blot (1. wipe) out; 
cancel, abolish [slavery, orjuus] ; (ralvata 
pols) remove; (tehdd loppu jostakin) make 
an end of, do away with; (tehdfi mit&ttO- 
m&ksi) undo; ^ oafleAal devastate, deso- 



MvHfs 



— 127 



hlitAkiskf 



late, lay . . waste; .'^ hmUuumam uB k M tui m 
mto/b misappropriate funds entrusted to 
one. (Jkpv.) run through with the money 
entrusted to one. vrt. kavaltaa (varoja); 
"^ fmarit^mmn destroy root and branch. 
(kuT.) eradicate: ^ Jonkln Mf/«e obliterate 
the traces of, (tyystln) remove every trace 
of. (kadottaa) miss the trail, (kotrasta.) 
lose the scent; '^ mmmn taMaUm level (1. 
raze) to the ground, raze; ^ omaraoeciwa 
run through (1. spend 1. waste 1. squander 
1. lose> one's fortune; '^ pmrinpohfin ut- 
terly destroy, destroy root and branch, 
root out. destroy off the face of the earth, 
not leave a vestige [of ..]; ^ rahma run 
through with money, let money slip 
through one's fingers; ^ mukapunHoan ex- 
terminate. 

Hivltya destruction, ruin; havoc; devasta- 
tion, desolation, (laying) waste; ravage(s). 
ravaging; wasting, squandering, dissipa- 
tion; plundering, pillage; hSvityhmmn hmt- 
hiMivM the abomination of desolation; saoe- 
tmm mUmun (\. tnottaa) nmrtm hMvHymtH 
make (1. wreak) great havoc [in the ranks 
of the enemy. vihoUisen rlvelssft] ; varolmn 
-* embezzlement (1. misappropriation) of 
funds, -halu desire to destroy, mania of 
destnicttveness; (tuhlaus-) mania for 
squandering, -reiki (ryOstO-) plundering 
(1. looting) expedition; raid, .-tota war of 
extermination. -ty6 work of destruction; 
devastation, desolation. 

Hivitl (kadota) disappear, vanish; (hukuk- 
siin) be lost; (sukupuuttoon) die out, be- 
come extinct; (menettSA) lose [the game, 
pelissi; in the bargain, kaupassa] ; be (1. 
come out) a (1. the) loser, be the worse 
rfor ..], be worse off; (Joutua hftviOOn) 
be (1. get) ruined, go to destruction; 
(potstua) be obliterated, be effaced, be 
blotted (1. wiped) out, be removed; (saada 
tappiou) incur (1. suffer 1. sustain) a loss; 
haoinmyt ks. hakus.; ^ imimttSmlin (\, Urn- 
tjfmMtUSmUn) disappear (I. vanish) without 
leaving trace behind (1. with no trace left) ; 
^ nMkyvimtM be lost to (1. pass out of) 
sight; «- pmittUaa be (1. come out) the loser 
in a wrestling -match; « mukopttuitpon be 
exterminated, become extinct; hSn havisi 
kmmpmmam he lost (1. he was a loser) in the 
bargain, he lost on the deal, he got the 
worst (1. the bad end) of the bargain; hUn 
fuMsi HmtymMttSmUn (myOS:) nobody 
knows what became of htm; poikm on M- 
viimyt the boy has disappeared (I. van- 
ished); ««ii iSlimt aoat kokonaan MvitUM^t 
all traces of it have been obliterated (I. ef- 
fttfiHKt L lost), hivlimlnan ill^anpesrlnir, 
TOl^blncr; dviriir t^ut, fjvlin'^tjtin, lu^tiii?:; 

oblli^ratiori: vrt, biiviiM. 

ablvn^M, ioiif^Ubllltv- inipi?r|?habNmf^s<4; 
f-trc-rTaitmrnp^^ hlviimAtt^lmlftii In^rfur-r- 
tbtv, iiiiJf<llhJ.V: rxat^ianmua) iTnpi^rishnbly; 
iinf«dlngly. hlvilmiten Irnjf'^tnjcilhtp; tn- 
t^rttvtt^iit*, inil^ril>1e; imperiihalile Imemo- 
n\ mil ist<' j ; i iku in^^n > everlai^tintr. un Tad tnr. 

iklvld (lurmKj) rutn: ttuho) ilestnicurm; 
rkukintimiii^'n) fall, down rail, (^ollapf^e; 
<rippi^'>) d**cay; wreck: (lapplo) loss; hU- 
vBUw k!«. Joutu*; hUeiii&n k^. Jotitua. umt- 
to«« rk*4ii\ hatfiSon tu^mittu flOOint^d tO 
fifiitrttrlktti -tita k^ nppiotilA. 

Mtyn'kf«il (an/It J rtitrirl*. -lunn* Si^nsp of 
*inn>'\ M^ii^f* 'it iii^coMry ii, propriety). 

hlifii&mirf* sliam»^u>sj*m>?s, nnR^rancc: (jul- 
ItHis? effrutuery. irnpudenr^. nmlaftiyp m- 
aotmi« arroganen. barcfn^citnes^, eo^l- 
aasi; (tnceift) bai^iie^'^^ (tieanneitF^: (^Mk- 
it^l^QfiiyFil innftcency. impropriciy. hi- 



vytUkniatl shamelessly, flagrantly; inso- 
lently, impudently, coolly, arrogantly; 
meanly; indecently. hivytAn shameless; 
flagrant; Impudent, barefaced; (Julkea) 
insolent, bold, audacious, arrogant; (sopi- 
maton) abusive. Insulting; (hftpeftm&tdn) 
inmiodest. unblushing, brazen (-faced); 
(ilke&) mean, vile; (s&ftdytOn) improper, 
indecent, shocking; h&vytBn roimto rascally 
(1. out-and-out) scoundrel, mean whelp: 
h&vytSn valm barefaced (1. unmitigated I. 
black 1. Infamous) lie, (jkpv.) dirty lie. 

hivilaiji » hXpUsiJM. 

hlvilatya (solvaus) insult, affront, dishonor, 
contumely, ignominy; (parjaus) abuse, re- 
vilement; libel; (Jonkln pyhftn) profana- 
tion, desecration; blasphemy; (loukkaus) 
violation, outrage [upon ..]. «Juttu scan- 
dalous story, scandal, -kirjotut libel (ous 
pamphlet), lampoon., -runo libelous poem, 
lampoon, -aana abusive (1. insulting) word; 
myytSS hUvHiMtymaanoia fonktm tilmUlm heap 
abuse(s) on a p.. throw insults in a p.'s face. 

hivit (hevoseny.m.) withers; fttfpaifif withers. 

hiyry ks. hXkM. 

hil« (yhd.) wedding- [esim. -/oMa wed- 
ding-feast: 'Imhim wedding-present (I. 
-gift): 'pSivU wedding-day]. 

hftideili drive off (1. away 1. out); chase; 
vrt. hKMtSM. hiidinti = hMXtil. 

hUlilo: huailo oil korkHmmittoan the wed- 
ding festivities were at their height (1. at 
their highest). -Joukko (h&ftsaattue) bridal 
party. 

hilly viinen (kuv.) wavering, vacillating; 
(epftvakaa) inconstant, unstable; fickle, 
changeable, hilly viityyt, wavering, vaccll- 
latton: instability, unstableness; fickiener^s. 
hiiiyi » hiUyi. 

hiiUmatka wedding trip (1. tour); hm ovai 
hdUmatktdlm (my6s:) they are on their 
honeymoon, -menot (vlhkimistoimttus) 
wedding ceremony, marriage service; 
(hft&t) wedding. 

hiimittii be dimly (1. indistinctly) seen (1. 
observed), be dimly visible; (hftivAhtia) 
glimpse, glimmer; (kajastaa) dawn; (kan- 
gastaa) loom; (kuvastua) stand out. be 
(dimly) outlined; hdnmnm hUUrndtH onnmlli- 
nmn Mmvoimuna a happy future rose before 
his mind's eye. hiim^tyt glimpse; dawn- 
ing; looming. 

hiirlnti bustle, bustling; hurry (ing), flur- 
ry(lng); fuss, ado; striving(s): cares, du- 
ties, hiirivilnan bustling, busy, alive, ac- 
tive, hiirii be in a hurry, bustle; (touhu- 
ta) make a fuss, make a stir (I. an ado): 
(puuhata) strive; (hommata) be busy, be 
active, busy o.s. [with, jossakln] ; vrt. 
hySriX. 

hiiruno wedding-song, eplthalamium. 

hiirillli, hUriU » hiiHX. 

hiiitaatto 1. -taattue bridal party. 

hiit wedding, nuptials; hUimBU at a wedding. 

hiilltalo house where a wedding is held (1. 
celebrated), -tavat marriage customs. 

hiiiyi (taytyi) must, have [to do it, tehda 
se]. be compelled [to . .]: h'datyi pakmnm- 
mman had to flee, was compelled to flee. 

hiiiimlnen eviction. 

hiiiimltDolkeut right to evict (I. of evic- 
tion), -ioimenplde: ryhtyH hSUtUmiMioi- 
mmnpitmUUn resort to evicting (1. eviction). 

hiitii evict; eject, turn out, oust; hHUdrnt- 
tMvUkmi tuomittu . . on whom a writ of 
ejectment has been served. . . who has 
been ordered by the court to vacate the 
premises. 

hiiift eviction: ejectment, ejection, (forci- 
ble) ousting, -kitky order (1. notice) to 
vacate the premises; order of eviction. 



hlitAoiksus 



— 128 — 



Myliya 



^ 



-oikdus rlgrht to evict, -iuomio (1. v.) writ 
of ejectment. 

hiiYAAttMt weddinp-clotbes (1. outfit); 
(raam.) wedding: garments. 

hiivi; mi oim '^ is not very good, Is rather 
poor, is not wortb much, (Jkpv.) is kind 
of so-so; hmidUn toimmmntulonsm mi ol« MS- 
vin they are having a hard time of it. they 
are (rather) hard up, they are having a 
hard time making both ends meet; vrt. 
kaksiB«n. hiivln (tuskln) hardly, barely, 
scarcely. 

hiiviki wedding guests, wedding party. 

h6kk«li hovel, ramshackle house (1. build- 
ing), hole; (kota, mdkki) hut, cottage. 

h«ki (ysk&, elftUnissft) strangles. 

hdkStyt: koho «' (Jkpv.) the whole caboo- 
dle, the whole shooting -match. 

hdlkkyi Jump, Jog» Jolt; shake; rock up and 
down. 

h6lkki Jog-trot; hUhimtm MikkiUi at a Jog- 
trot. 

h«lkyt*ill, hdlkyttU (Juosta ^) Jogtrot, 
Jog (along); (hytkyfl) Jolt, shake; afma ^ 
drive at a Jog-trot. hSIkiti Jog-trot, Jog 
(along). h«ik6ttii » hBlkjrttMM. 

hSIIennyt loosening; relaxation, hftllentynyt 
loosened; (etup. kuv.) relaxed, lax [disci- 
pline, kuri], slack, (Idyhft)' loose, hdllen- 
tyi get loose vr), become loose (1. slack), 
slack(en), flag; grow (more) lax, relax; 
topot hSUmntyvUt the customs are growing 
more lax. nSllentii make .. loose(r), 
loose(n); make .. (more) slack (1. lax), 
slack(en); (etup. kuv.) relax [discipline, 
kuria; morals, moraalia], (heikontaa) 
weaken, enervate; hSUmntUU mitmitU loosen 
the bands. 

h6llittU = helllttMX; (mer.) slacken, ease 
off (1. away), pay out [the rope, kOyttft]. 

hdllyyt looseness; slackness: (etup. kuv.) 
laxity, laxness. hdlli (lOyhft) loose, slack 
(myOs kuv.); (veltto) lax [discipline, ku- 
ri] ; on hSllsiUi is (1. hangs) slack, is loose; 
on hSllSMMU is loose, (etup. kuv.) is in- 
serure. is easily dislodged. 

hSIIiikitinen (alkup.) . . with a loose grasp 
in one's hands; (kuv.) easy (-going), 
(over) Indulgent, weak; rhOllft) lax [disci- 
pline, kuri]. -luontoinen .. with easy- 
going disposition, . . lacking strength of 
character; weak. -luontol«uus lack of char- 
arter; easy-going disposition; weakness. 

hfilli«^ti loosely; slackly, limply. 

hdlmittynyt amazed, stunned, stupefied, 
thunderstruck, dum(b) founded; baffle(l; 
startled. hSImittyt amazement; bewilder- 
ment. hSimlstyttil amaze, stun, stupefy, 
put . . out of countenance, dum(b) found, 
confound, baffle: startle. hSImlttyi be- 
(come) amazed (1. stunned 1. stupefied 1. 
thunder truck 1. dumbfounded 1. baffled), 
be put out of countenance; be startled; 
(Jkpv.) be flabbergasted; hHlmUtyS. kovin 
be completely dum(b) founded (1. taken 
aback). 

h5lmd (silly) fool; goose; simpleton. Idiot: 
(tollo) blockhead, numskull, dunce, dolt; 
aika HUlmB a regular dunce (1. idiot). 

hSIppt, hftlppA (lavertelija) loose talker, 
prattler, chatterbox; (kehuskelila) swag- 
gerer, braggadocio. hfilpAttAi prattle, 
cackle; talk nonsense; (kehuskellen) brag, 
bluster, swagger. 

h6l«kyttii (pudistaa) shake, toss, rock; Jog; 
(laikyttAft) splash (to and fro), shake up: 
vrt. hSIkyttSM. hdltkyi shake. Jog, Jolt; 
splash to and fro. 

hdltyi (Irtautua) get (I. come) loose (1. un- 
fastened), work loose, loosen; myos = 
bSHentyit. 



h«iy: mi Miyn fMyU nothing at all. nothin«r 
whatever, not a grain (1. a smldge 1. a 
straw), not the least bit; noattm hdlyiny 
iomtakin raise a hubbub (1. an uproar I. a 
row) about a th., clamor about a th.; vrt. 
hMly; pahna Miyn jMyH talk nonsense (1. 
rubbish). (Jkpv.) talk through one's hat, 
(laverrella) ramble (on), rant, prattle, 
cackle. h6lynp«ly nonsense, babble, bosh; 
(tOrky) rubbish; min& mn tirndS aHtU koiyn- ' 
P»iya I have not the slightest (1. not the 
ghost of an) Idea about (I. of) it, I don't 
know a thing about it. h6lyti talk nonsense; 
hSlytasn, 9tta . . it is rumored (I. whis- 
pered about) that . . . 

h6l5 swaggerer, (Jkpv.) mouthy; (hOpso) 
goose, (Jkpv.) silly, softy. 

h«m6ti(i)alndn (el&int.) marshtit, titmouse. 

hSnttini: tytSn ^ gawk of a girl, gawky. 

hSnMtii (speak with a) snuffle; vrt. ho- 
nottaa. 

h6p*rrys incoherent talk; mumbling, mut- 
ter(ing). hSpeftyi be (come) confounded 
(1. confused); become distracted; (hftm- 
mentytt) grow bewildered, become per- 
plexed, be put out; (hOlmistyft) be(come) 
stunned (1. stupefied), (vanhuuttaan) grow ^ 
childish. hSperiii mumble, mutter; talk * - 
incoherently. hSperyyt distraction; crazi- 
ness, derangement. hSperS I. (a.) con- 
founded, confused, distracted; foolish, 
cracked, crazy; (sekava) muddled, (Jkpv.) 
fuddled. II. (s.) silly (1. crazy) fool, sim- 
pleton; (Jkpv.) crazy loon. hfip«r5idi talk 
nonsense (1. rubbl.sh); talk crazy; talk In- 
coherently, wander. 

hdplstA (mutista) mumble, murmur; mutter 
[to O.S., itsekseen] ; (laverrella) prattle, 
cackle; ramble (on), rant; (puhella) talk. 

h6ptli talk nonsense (1. foolishness), go on 
with (1. say) a lot of fool talk; mitd hSpmit 
what's that nonsense you are talking? 

h«pikk6 I. (a.) foolish, silly. II. (s.) silly (1. 
foolish) woman (I. girl); tyton ~ a harum- 
scarum, a happy-go-lucky girl. 

hSrhlttii ks. hortfstXM. heristKM. 

hSristi (mOristfi) growl; (surista) hum, 
buzz, drone; (horista) talk nonsense. 

hdrppli sip; sup. 

hdrihdelli growl; (mutista) mumble, mur- 
mur; mutter. 

h6r6ttii h(e)arken. listen; lurk, spy; vrt. 
heHstMM. 

h6tki rubbish, trash; ibo/ko '^ (Jkpv.) the 
whole caboodle, the whole shooting-match. 

hfitikki (melu, metakka) uproar, tumult, 
hubbub; (nujakka) row. 

hdydo = hbyty. 

NSyhen feather, plume; (untuva) down. 
hftyhenetAn . . with no feathers, naked, 
hdyhonhuitku feather- duster. Miyhenln«n 
feathered: downy. 

h6yhen||kaulut (elftint.) ru/f. -loisto splendor 
of [its] feathers, -luokka (urh.) feather- 
weight class, class of featherweights. 

NSyhennyt plucking; (kuv.) trimming. 

hSyhenOpatja feather-bed. down bed. -p«U« 
plumage: feathers. -p*ltt*inen feathered, 
. . covered with feathers, -pllvl cirrus. 
-puku plumage, -tyyny feather-pillow, 
down -pi I low. 

hdyhentii pluck [a fowl, kanadlntu)! : 
(kuv.) trim, give . . a good trimmlng-up. 
dust a p.'s Jacket; ^ totgiaan make the 
fur fly. 

hSyhenlltAyhtA plume. -Yuode down-bed. 

h6yhenya plumage. 

h6yii polite, civil; (kohtelias) courteous. 
hdylisti pDlltely, courteously. hSyllys po- 
liteness, civility; courteousness. 



Mria 



— 129 — 



hdfll plane, -kont planer, planingr-machine. 

MyMnitastu stimviner. -t*ri plane -bit, cut- 

Ung blade or a plane, -iukki (plane-) stock. 

HdyMpMkki carpenter's (1. Joiner's) bencb. 
plaoinr- bench. 

hdvlitty planed, dressed [board, lauta]. 
(lasrlitl plane; (puutavaraa) dress; hSyiata 
knikmakBi roug'b-plane, rough-dress. h6y- 
liya planing; dressing. hAyliimitAn un- 
dressed, rougb [board, lauta] ; (kuv.) un- 
polisbed. (c)rude. hdylA&md planlng-mlll. 

MyreHtlA >=^ bSyryUL 

Mfry steam, vapor; (kaasu) fume, gas; 
(katku) smell, reek; (buuru) mist; (bOy- 
ryalus) steamer; tSydmilM MyryUU wltb 
full (1. a full bead of) steam, at full steam. 

•*•?'¥- (ylul.) steam- [esim. -onm steam - 
plow; ^kmittUi steam-kltcben; 'ptamppu 
steam-pump; -^afM steam-ptpe (1. -pip- 
ing); ^vihMn 1. '^mi steam-wbistle]. -lie- 
po (1. V.) Iron borse. -Juntta steam pile- 
driver. -JyHI steam-roller (myOs kuv.). 
-fcaappi vapor-batb. -kattila (steam- )boil- 
er. -kone steam-engine, -kupu (bOyry- 
pannun) steam-dome, -kylpy steam-bath, 
vapor -bath. 

hftyrylaiva steamboat; (tav. suurl) steam- 
*(bip. steamer, -lilka steamship (1. steam- 
boat) traffic, -ilnja steamship line. -yhti6 
<«teamshlp company, steam navigation 
company. 

Myryilapio steam-shovel, -lautta steam 
ferry (-boat); train ferry, -lelpomo steam 
bakery, -liinmitya steam-beat; hSyryiUm- 
mdiyhMmtta vrnmrntrnttu steaiQ-beated fflat, 
huonelsto]. -paina steam pressure; pres- 
sure (1. bead) of steam, -pannu -« hSyry- 
kattiU. -pupti steam-launch (1. -yacht). 
•^ulaku steam fire-engine, ^aha steam 
sawmill. -«llint«rl (steam-) cylinder. 



hSyrystipaahdettu steamed. 

hdyryttU (tekn.) steam. hdyryU steam, 
give off steam (1. vapor); (baihtua) evapo- 
rate, exhale; hmvonmn hSyrySM the horse is 
steaming, vrt. huuruta; kattilm MyryiUi the 
kettle is steaming, steam is rising from 
the kettle. 

M^yrylYaippa steam-jacket, -waaara steam- 
hanmier; trip-hammer, -^^na steamboat, 
(-alus) steam - vessel. -voima steam-power, 
-viri steam -color. 

hdytu (mauste) seasoning, flavor(lng); 
spice; relish (kaksi vlimeistfl myOs kuv.); 
(suurus) thickening; hBy9tm9kai as a fla- 
voring, to enrich . . , (kuv.) to make it 
more palatable, hdytteinen seasoned, fla- 
vored: spiced, spicy. 

hAyataliha ragout; stew. hSyttelli ks. hSys- 
tHM. hdytieplppurl allspice. 

hdyttimitAn unspicecU unseasoned, unfla- 
vored. 

h^yatii spice, season [with, Jollakin] ; (suu- 
rustaa) thicken; (rikistuttaa) enrich; 
(kuv.) make . . spicy (1. palatable), enliven 
[with, Jollakin]; ~ huomamtukaimah UrU- 
ffiUU 9uhk9ltaMhaUU make one's remarks 
spicy (1. palatable) by bringing in witty 
Jokes; '^ maata lannatla enrich the soil 
with manure, manure the land; — puhmt- 
taan huPittwiUa kaakuiUm enliven one's 
speech with amusing anecdotes; vahvasti 
hHyatrntty highly seasoned, (kuv.) spicy. 

hdy8t6 bash, -aavi marl. 

hdyty (sulassa) web, vane (of a feather); 
(untuva) (bit of) down; (kevyt, llmassa 
lentavH) fluff, flue; (kasvi-, myOs:) noss; 
(hdytflle) flake, -tide barb. 

hSytiie (villa- y. m.) flock, (lumi- y. m.) 
flake; (tOyhtO) tuft; (kasv.) tassel. 



iankaikan forever, (Engl.) for ever, forever 
and a day, eternally; vrt. alna. lankalkklnen 
eternal . life, elftmft] ; (Ikuinen) everlasting; 
immkmikUamsia imgUudkkUmmn (raam.) from 
everlasting to everlasting, lankaikklaattl 
eternally, forever, lankaikkituua eternity. 

i4eaiiaini (aatteellisuus) Idealism. Idaalltti 
idealist. 

MMnpiiiA farther (to the) east; [oUa, lie] 
farther eastward. 

idantiflolda (samastaa) Identify, idanttlnan 
< alvan sama) identical, idanttityya Identity. 

idiootti (tyls&mielinen benkilO) idiot. 

Minpuol«lnan i ' vmlmIhw. Ikkunri], 

t^n r-Pfim, niitm*^:. tdiiUlpiJn from Uk? 
F»nl nrifn f'A*t of \i^v^* 

MtltAmin«n -.r^ruiiUnir^ tfeririUmtMMi. idiitAi 
itiiaVei M^^^^^L M «usc t(j) i^rmtEiRiP. 

Mliyi -= ldilttttniiii«ii. -kon« tfermuiOulor. 

i«fi w\inx\ vrt. ikvnat. 

{«i yoke. »*ltAi yoke (the oxefj. Mrftl], 
iiiji ih** yoke on. 

tiiail«fnlA«fl adJiiirinif. IhaLli ta admirer. I h au- 
la idmir^: {l\miA\oi<\h) miore: ihaiiUn ari- 
tiiiringly. ihalttava adfniraJ:)!(?; (inm^tcltii' 
vai wrmd^rful. Jhailu ^^rniraljon^ adrica- 
ijcid^ liMltaa ft*rm|M[?<r , . eiir:uin(c (I. c&n<- 
Jn«r adzniratictn, Hfiinkrmiilu; ihaltaitiM vvuii 
•dmintimi, aamLriniriy. fl)ajlun«*kaln«n 
. rmtiTil \Mt!i Admiration. 

Llian k^. alvui - uumi p&ftecily (I, entirely) 
iw-m; n «n «<' mrnhdottntv (myO$i:j It is 
m iitiHf Iin|f4'm)(ltiiiiiy. 



ihana lovely [evening, ilta], delightful, fine; 
(suloinen) sweet [odor, tuoksu], delicate; 
(kaunis) beautiful, beautious. fair; (bur- 
maava) charming; ihanaa mn kuoUa vapau- 
dmn puolmMta it is sweet to die for free- 
domCs sake); i/uman kaunia charming (ly 
beautiful), ihanainan « ihana. 

Ihanne ideal; beau Ideal; (tftydelllnen esi- 
kuva) paragon, -ihmlnen ideal man (1. 
person); paragon of men. -kuva ideal pic- 
ture; idol. 

ihanneila idealize; (iballla) admire, adore. 

Ihannellmaa, -tila Utopia, -valtio ideal state; 
Utopia. 

Ihannolda idealize; (Jumaloida) ' Idolize. 
ihannoimlnan idealization. 

ihantaaiilnan ideal; (aatteellinen) Idealistic; 
ihantaaiUaan kaunia Ideally beautiful, a 
paragon of beauty, ihantaalliaaatl ideally; 
ideallstlcally. Ihantaallitmialinan idealistic. 
Ihantaallltuut Idealism; ideality, ihantaaton 
. . with no ideals, . . destitute of Ideals. 

ihantelemlnan idealizing, admiring. Ihanta- 
llla idealizer; admirer. Ihantelu admiration, 
adoration; hero-worship. 

ihanuua loveliness; sweetness; (kauneus) 
beauty; (sulous) cbarm(s); (loisto) glory, 
splendor. 

ihatuiia (iballla) admire, adore. 

ihaatua become delighted [with. Johonkin 
(1. johonkuhun); at, Jostakin]; become 
enraptured (1. fascinated) [with ..], be- 
come charmed (1. captivated) [with the 



ilMttiuiiiln^n 



— 130 — 



IhmiMii^ri 



^ 



rlrrs beauty, lyUin kauneuteen] ; (rakas- 
tua) fall in love [with ..]; vrt. Uostiuu 
ihattumiiiaii fascination [ for a 8-irl,tytt60n]. 
ilMttiilnut: ^ i^ifmkin taken with, delighted 
with; « hhomkahtm taken (up) with, (ra- 
kastunut) in love with, enamored of, 
(mieltynyt) delighted with [the new 
teacher, uuteen opettajaan]; '^ l—tmkin 
delighted at a th. 

ihattua delight; fascination, enchantment, 
rapture; (innostus) enthusiasm; Umttuk- 
mmiim With delight, admiringly; lAMe«fccis- 
9mmn in one's delight (1. Joy 1. happiness) ; 
ihtt9tu hBiB 9m m i—tmkin delighted at, over- 
joyed at (1. with), happy at (1. over), 
charmed (1. enraptured) with. 
ihattuttaa delight; fascinate, captivate; en- 
rapture, ravish; (hurmata) charm, enchant. 
ihattuttaja ks. salostnttij^ ihattiittamlnon 
fascination; enchantment. ihaatuttava 
''harming, fascinating, enrapturing; iham- 
tuttmvan kmrndm Charmingly beautiful. 
ihka(tan) = ihan; ~ ml&vUnM vrt. ilmi«l&- 
vX(nft). 

ihma wonder; marvel; prodigy; (ihmetyO) 
miracle; ihmmmkBmni to my astonishment, 
to my surprise; ihmmmn .. wonderfully 
[beautiful, kaunis], wondrous (ly), mar- 
velous(ly) [large, suuri], (mainfon, erin- 
omaisen) extremely, very [well written, 
hyvin klrjotettu]; ihmmmn hyvin remark- 
ably (1. wonderfully) well, splendidly; 
ihmmmn ihmnm wondrous fair, a paragon 
of beauty; ihmmimmMMn surprised, aston- 
ished, with astonishment, vrt. olU; ^ /■ 
knnunm, mitM,. what a wonder that..; ihmm- 
k»m, /m .. no wonder, if ..; [pelastua] 
kuln ihmmmn kmiitm [escape] as by a mira- 
cle; miimn ihmmmmmU fl. ihmmmn trnvallm), 
mittM ihmmmtlM how in the name of wonder? 
how in the world? mitM ihmmttU minU puhut 
what in the world (1. what under the sun 
1. what in all conscience) are you talking 
about? 

ihmaellinaii wonderful, wondrous, marvel- 
ous; (yliluonnolllsen) miraculous; (kum- 
mal linen, omltuinen) curious, strange, pe- 
culiar; (merkillinen) remarkable; (ihme- 
tyttava) surprising, astonishing; ihmmmiii- 
mmn .. wonderfully, marvelous (ly) [good 
painter, hyvA maalari], wondrous (ly) 
[well, hyvin]; ihmmmiUmtM hyUS curiously 
enough, strange to say. IhmaaillaMti won- 
derfully, marvelously jne., vrt. ihiB««lliB«n. 
ihmeeifityya wonderfulness; strangeness, 
curiousness; queefness; (ihmeellinen seik- 
ka 1. asla) remarkable thing, curious fea- 
ture; (ihme) wonder; ihmmmlUmyydmt curi- 
osities, marvels, wonders; vrt. mcrkUUsrys. 
ihmeMti 1. « lhm««lUMsti; 2. (ihmeen hy- 
vin) excellently, splendidly. I hmehtii won- 
der (1. marvel) fat, Jotakln]; be surprised 
[at ..]. ihmeidantekiji wonder-worker; 
thaumaturge; (Uikuri) magician. Ihmaltl- 
takevi wonder-working; miracle-working. 
Ihmeilapai child wonder (1. miracle), won- 
der of a child, infant prodigy, -iiike 
wonder-working medicine; (pilkall.) quack 
medicine (1. remedy), -liikiri (miracu- 
lous) healer; (pilkall.) quack, -maa won- 
derland, -parannua wonder-working cure. 
-teko miracle; marvelous feat. 
ihmatalli wonder (I. marvel) [at, Jotakin] ; 
(h&mm&stellA) be surprised (1. amaxed 1. 
antonlshed) [at. Jotakin]; (Ihallla) admire; 
ihmmtmilmn wonderlngly. with surprise (1. 
amazement) : mi olm ihmmttmimmtistM (I. mi 
sovi ihmmtmttU), /m . . it Is not to be won- 
dered (at), if . . . Ihmateltivf wonderful, 
marvelous, surprising, astonishing; strik- 
ing [likeness, yhrtennak<>lsyys] ; (ihalltava) 



admirable; ihmmimitMvSn hyvin remarkably 
(1. surprisingly) well, ihmataltivitii mar- 
velously; surprisingly, amaxlngly; remark- 
ably; admirably, ihmattalaminan wonder- 
ing), marveling; astonishment, surprise: 
(•Una) mi mlm (mHiOn) ihtnmHmlmmUtM, 
vmikka . . there is nothing to be wondered 
at. even if . . , it is no wonder, even if . .; 
tMmmM mi ihmmttmimminSm maim It doesn't do 
any good to stand here and wonder, ih- 
mettelevidnan) wondering; surprised; 
ihmmttmlmpa kymymym surprised (1. Startled) 
question, question full of surprise. ihm«i- 
t6ldvi(it«)tti wonderlngly, in a surprised 
manner, ihmettelv wonder (ing); astonish- 
ment, surprise; ihmmttmiya hmrMttMvU sur- 
prising, astonishing, (h&nmi&stytt&vA) 
startling. ihmettelyntekainMi: ihmmttmiyn' 
mmhrnUMm uimiimimmUimUm with curiosity 
mingled with wonder. Ihmetya — Ihmettoly. 
Ihmetyttivi surprising, astonishing, star- 
tling. 

ihmetyttii make . . wonder (1. surprised) , 
fill (I. strike) . . with wonder; surprise, as- 
tonish; mimaa ^ tUinmn kMyMmmnmS I am 
surprised (1. astonished) at his conduct; 
mm mi mimaa mnminkSiin ihmmtytU I don't 
wonder at it at all, it does not surprise me 
in the least. 

ihmetvA miracle; wonder; ihmmtSHM {my 6s :) 
startling things. 

ihmlnan man (plur. men); (ihmisolento) hu- 
man being; (henkilO) person; ihmUmmn mi 
pitiUmi . . one (1. a person) ought not to . .; 
ihmimmt, ihmimUi (koU.) men, people; tfc- 
miatmn tmomiim like decent people, decently; 
ol/a (\. kayHMytya) ihmimikmi behave like 
civilized people, act like human beings; 
[ huom. mhkM hUn vimtS mppii oimmamn ihmi- 
mikmi he may turn out a decent fellow (1. 
turn out all right) yet] ; iUS hypM -^ mita 
tmm man alive, don't do it! 

ihmia- (yhd.) human, . . of man [esim. 
-miUma human life, life of man; -mikmudmt 
human rights, rights of man; 'mimiu hu- 
man soul, soul of man; ^mydMn human 
heart, heart of man], -ajatua human 
thought, -apu human help, -arka shy (of 
people), timid, unsociable. -«rkuua shy- 
ness, timidity, unsociability, -aaunto abode 
(1. dwelling) of a human being; mmmpum 
ilunimmmannmiUm reach a human habitation. 

ihrnlaaktiltuidmlnan 1. -iulo (Kristuksen) 
incarnation. 

Ihmitdiiinen (ihmis-) human; (inhimlllinen. 
kunnolllnen) humane [conduct, kftytt&yty- 
mlnen]. ihmlaalliaatti humanely. Ihinlaal* 
lityyt humanity. 

Ihmlcenpoika (raam.) the Son of MaA. 

ihmis Dhaamu human shape; pmtm ihrnUmtmrn- 
mumrnm a beast in human (dis) guise, a fiend 
incarnate, -henki human spirit; (ihmis- 
eiamt) human life; muari ihmimhmngmn hnk- 
km great loss of life, -iki (average) life- 
time, age of man; generation; kmmtim ih- 
miaiHn Will last a lifetime (1. a generation) . 
-Joukko crowd (of people), throng of men; 
mmltamvm ihrnimfmakkm mob. -JirkI human 
intellect (1. understanding), human reason, 
-kauppa traffic in human flesh; (orja- 
kauppa) slave-trade. -kektlntA human de- 
vice, -kerno docile; tractable, -kunta hu- 
man race, mankind, humanity; ihmimkannmn 
himtorim history of mankind (1. of the 
world), universal history, •kiai: ihmim- 
kOmin tmluy made by the hand of man, 
made by (1. with) human hands, -lapai 
child of man; (kuv.) human beUig, mortal ; 
kaikkl] ihmimlmpmmt [all] the children of 
men. (koll.) the human family, -meri sea 
uf humanity. 



— 131 — 



ikkunaluukku 



becoming to (1. worthy of) a 
ilmiltinAitMti (in a manner) becom- 
ing to (1. fitting for) a man, like a human 
belnff. ihmiamtiayya humanity, human 
qualities; #m MnmsmH on vMhMnkiUin ih- 
min m Sia yyuu if he l8 at all humane, if he 
has any human qualities; oaottaa ihmia- 
wMtyyfta Show humanity, display human 
qualities; vrt. thmlsyrs. 

iliinitlolmito human being; (leiklll.) wight, 
-parka poor man (1. feilow), poor soul; 
(Jkpv.) poor devil. -doIyI ks. suknpohri. 
-pyArre human whirl; ks. UnnisviliniL 
-rakas philanthropic, humanitarian, benev- 
olent, -rakkaus love of man(kind), hu- 
manity; (teoissa ilmenevil) philanthropy. 
-roditt races of men. -ruumia human body, 
(kuollut) corpse. -ry6atA (lak.) kidnap - 
(p)ing. -tuku human species; (koll.) hu- 
mankind, mankind. -«y6Ji cannibal; ikmdm- 
My9JMt (myos:) man-eaters, anthropophagi. 
-iappo (lak.) manslaughter, -tavat man- 
ners, decent behavior; op^Haa tMrnkuttm ih' 
mdmiapolm teach one <good) manners. -UmIo 
anthropology, -iuntamut knowledge of men 
(I. of human nature), insight into (human) 
character; Mnmnu on ihmistnnUmaata he 
ran read men (1. the human nature), -iuntija 
discemer of men, judge of human nature. 

ihatiiaiyttiA civilize, make refined, humanize, 
teach (good) manners, ihmittyi learn man- 
ners; become (more) civilized; become 
humanized; (parantaa tapansa) mend one's 
ways, reform; ihrnimtynmrnt favat civil man- 
ners, civilities. 

ihmialtyd work of mkn. -uhrl human sacri- 
fice, -viha hatred of man(kind); misanthro- 
py. -viliMja hater of mankind, man-hater, 
mlsanthrolpe (1. -pist). -vlifnibusy (1. bus- 
tling) throng (of men) ; kaukana ihmi9ViU' 
nMatM far from the madding crowd, -voima 
human power. «yativi lover of man- 
kind; philanthropist. -yaUvilllnan humane, 
benevolent; philanthropic. -yaUvAlllaatti 
humanely, benevolently, phllanthropically. 
-yaUv (lilla) yya benevolence; philanthropy. 

ihmiayya humanity, humaneness; (ihmlsta- 
vat) sense, manners; ihmimyydmn munmsMM 
in the name of humanity; hdnmamd mi olm 
pShMMkMam ihmdmyyHH he has not a bit of 
MTTTH.^n reeling. 

mmf "iiy ruimui mt^LI«ci U. reajwn ]. mind). 
-^i'^Bi huuian voice. 

iho ^kin; fhlplli) comj^leilon. -ftanva slight 
wiiuml; riesli wound. *tiengityt rinsensl- 
\^Wi fiprHiHraiifjij; transpJratiofL -hurtta 

i(Min#n *yhd.> . , wlih a . . skin (I. com- 
ipiejtjino, . . :4ktrined. . .t'ompteKioned (1. 
mmpJectea) [^Mtn. hUn&^ with a delicate 
Akin O. ^(jfDple^ilon); harktm^ rough- 
»klii»?rU * . ^ith a ixHifTli skill; inmma'^ 
rtafk-sNkinnpfr : kn. ctu»U^, v&tko'*'; vrt. 
tnyO»: blpi£iii«n. 

Ilwijaui^ toifpt powder, taloum powder. 
-kap¥ft hftlr ion the ^ody* on the arm Jne.) ; 
ihokmrvui liairT*. ntii^ilsen ^iklAn) lanugo. 

itwka* ^ihounllikalnen UKKU J*?rsf'y, (close- 
f»tt*rig> J«fk«l. sw*»ater. 

iltojkti^l (ttPt.> rataii^rjijs tlii^eh^ -kisni 
r^liiiA: caUu^ity, -inaail i^ahu. <ti'at.) make- 
up, *pytian#*iu rouif*=' -myOUiJnen ttght 
i riitinfT) :n)at. lakhH. 

Ibonlaialn^n »ubcuian4*<>i]<i: hyporlermic [In- 
Ji'rtilon, rulske]. -karvalntn - Ihonvlri- 
ife«n, *viri i'<iiti}il«>\jot], huo. -virlnen flesn- 

tn«iiiAppir(iai l. -nyppydt) pimple, pus- 
XhU\ eruption. -pUrroa tattou, -poimu 
^rt(it^« ufi tltt^ ;»kin: (^mitneU:^ fold of 
Ih*- jikm. -raata nnirirat u%\ *^x tiie body. 



-takkl close-fitting coat; vrt. iliokas. -tautl 
disease of the skin, skin disease; (lilftk.) 
cutaneous disease. 

ihottuma eruption (on the skin), cutaneous 
eruption, breaking out; (rohtuma) efflo- 
rescence, rash. 

Ihoijtiflehdua inflammation of the skin, -viri 
1. = ihsmaali; S. (ihonvilri) complexion, 
hue. 

ihra (sian) lard; (hArftn, lampaan y. m.) 
suet; (rasva) fat; vrt. talL -hinUinen — 
rasvahMntXInen. -hiniilammaa fat-tailed 
sheep. 

ihrainan lardy, suety; (rasvainen) greasy. 

ihraOlauka double chin, -maha 1. -vataa pot- 
belly; (ihramahalnen henkilO) potbelly, 
-mahainan 1. -vataalnan pot-bellied, -vol 
oleomargarin(e), butterine; (kem.) mar- 
garin(e). 

Ihvi ks. hild, rasva. 

liiimato bloodsucker; leech. 

lisakki, lisak Isaac. 

iiaoppi (kasv.) hyssop. 

Iiv«na Ivan; -* Jtdma Ivan the Terrible. 

fJan-, ijan, IJi- ks. Ian-, ion, 11-. 

Ikanet gums; '^ irvissS, irvissa ikmnin grin- 
ning(ly). 

iki » ikttlBOB: iki kSpmUkmi mmiUm an ever- 
lasting disgrace to us; [unohdettu] iki 
pUivikai [forgotten] forever; vrt. ikiaK. 

Iki« (yhd.) (il&rettOmiUi vanha) primitive, 
primeval, primal; (ikuinen) eternal, never- 
ending, perpetual ; ( ikulsesti ) ever - ; ( y len ) 
over; vrt. IkiiiBaB. 

ikilhonka (very) ancient pine. -Ihaatunut 
overjoyed, -inaatua utmost delight. -Ilo 
everlasting Joy; immense delight, -lauiaja 
primeval minstrel (1. bard). -Ilikkuja per- 
petual motion (machine), -lumi perpetual 
(1. eternal) snow, -matai primeval forest. 
-mulatattava ever-memorable, never-to-be- 
forgotten, -muiatolnan immemorial; iki- 
mai»toi»imim mfaiatm from time immemorial, 
time out of mind. 

Ikinan: /olta ^ [hmiMta] every (single) one 
[of them], every mother's son [of them]. 

Ikini ever; mi ^ never (in the world), never 
in all one's life; kaka ^ ^afooa who(so)- 
ever desires; nHn pailon kuin '^ vnin as 
much as ever I (1. as I possibly) can. 

Iki noma own forever; iUmmani my own for- 
ever, mine for always, -pilvi: ikipMviksi 
forever (and ever) ; mi ihipiUvinA never in 
the world; on iMpmtfinSni never in (all) 
my life, never as long as I live, -runo very 
old (1. ancient) song; lay. -uni eternal 
sleep, -vanha very old (1. ancient), very 
primitive; pristine, primeval; time- honored 
[right, oikeus; custom, tapa]; (Jkpv.) as 
old as the hills (1. as Methuselah), -vuori 
primary (1. primitive) rock(s); ikivtnrmt 
eternal mountains, everlasting hills. 

ikkuna window. (Joskus:) casement; (pieni 
pydreft, laivoissa) port-hole; (katossa) sky- 
light; katmoa uiom ikkmuuta look out Of the 
window; jJkJbttnon imorifanfa Window-casing. 

ikkuna- (yhd.) window- [esim. -fosi win- 
dow-glass; 'Undin window -curtain; -f^or- 
lomtin Window-screen], -helat 1. -klakotua 
1. -raudat window fittings; (kilnnitystil 
varten) window fastenings. 

ikkunalnen (yhd.) with . . windows [eslm. 
Aopoa^ with narrow windows; pimni'^ 
with small windows]. 

ikkunaflkamana 1. -karmi window- frame. 
-kehi 1. -kahya window -casement; 
(-puitteet) WlndOW-sash; ikkunakmhykmmt 
(koll.) the sash, -komaro recess (l. 
embrasure) of a window, window-niche 
(1. -splay), -iauta window-sill, window- 
stool; (ipveftnipl) window-seal, -luukku 



IkkMM^MI 



— 132 — 



IklvftinU 



tnuuUtifi' I '^tmlUT. f -varjo->tln> bliniH. 
-•i«|j jMiuh. -r«ifcA uiiinou-of»eriiiig. -ris- 
iifck« («f*tirrK vankikopeissa) (wirKlow) 
KratiriK. wiii^iow-irrat^; (aMjnnois^) lat- 
tMr#'. -ruutu (u-irulow)[>ane; lig^ht. -vcrho 
(wlfirloW')ciirtaiii; ikkwmavmrhot (jkpv.) 
draper. 

ifculn«n everlasting; (alnaJnen) perpetual 
[snow, luml]; Hankaikkinen ) eternal; 
noppumaton; endless night, y6], nerer- 
ceasing, unceasing; iktMUmhmi, Undsihn 
mMksi forever (and ever;, forevermore. 
)KU)t«tti forever Engl.: for ever], ever- 
lastingly, eternally; perpetually. 

IkuiaUuL ikuiatuttaa (tebdl ikuiseksl) make 
eternal, perpetuate; (kuolemattomaksi) 
Immortalize [a deed, Joku teko], eternize. 
Ikulaltamlnen, -iuttamlnan perpetuating, 
immortalizing, ikuiauua eternity; Infinite 
duration. perpetQity; endlessness. 

IkA age; (elAmft) life; (elinikA) lifetime; 
(Joskus:) years; ikand ks. iUBM; iMksi 
(pUlvikmi) for (all one's) life, for one's 
whole life long, for a lifetime, (ainalseksi) 
forever; •£! BO vuodmn ihdUn lived to be 80 
years old (1. of age), lived to bis (1. her) 
80th year; /o« Jumala mintdim ikMA mo if I 
am spared ; kaik^n (l. koko) lltiliMA (through- 
out) all his life, his whole life long; knoU 
to vuodmn UUbH died at the age of 10 
years, died aged 10 years; mimui iHU&ni 
<\. Hi99Uni) at my age; minun iassMni oimva 
mimm a man of my years; viid^nkymm^nmn 
(vuod*n) iUsMU oUva mimm a man of fifty. 

IkAOaaU stage of life; kmOiki miiia ikUamimmllM 
otmvat mimhmt all men Of that age. -«ro 
difference of (1. in) age. -fiammaa wisdom- 
tooth. 

ikiinan of , . am feslm. minun ikUimmni Of 
u\k Hj^t^r tiiinm, myO't: to vuodmn '^ 10 
yf'Mr^ oX HRff ]\ ni^e<] [ tSim. 10 vuodmn '^ 
a((cu[ 10 ycdr>i|. (vanhii) old; ikUimmkmmmn 
Ikulilttyrjyi, mmrt Jno,] [well -developed. 
Inrtirn ntc^nj Tor onf^'s i^ge; mli kymmmnmn 
vuodmn ikUitmkMi hveil to be 10 years old 
(I, of attv) i hUnmn ikiiimmnmU [mies] [a 
mnn] itf liN ng*^ (1. yi^ars) ; kUn on minun 
ikUitmni Ho i% (nf> iii^' fige. he 18 (Of) the 
nnmn n,jrf> (thAL) I am\ hUn on SO vuodmn '^ 
h*T \^ nrty (.vf^arn nf au*"- 1. years old); kuoli 
10 i*uod4n ikSiM*nii ^{u-*i (when he was) 10 
\r:i['^ o]il. i9k'<T a[ t^M' :ire Of ten; nUppUrU 
poika iksiMrnkMrnmn iih\iu fit boy for (One Of) 
his age; vHdmnkymmmnmn vuodmn '*' mimm 
a man of fifty, a man aged fifty (years) ; 
vrt. ala--, kaiken-, keski'*', lyhyt^, plt- 
kK-, saman^ y. m. 

IkiNJirJastys (alk.) order of age; (virassa) 
seniority; ikHIUrlmmtykBommU according to 
seniority, -kaual age (of life) ; (ellnkausi) 
lifetime, life; mri ikUkaumillo at different 
ages of life: koko ikOkautmnma all his life, 
his whole life long, -kautlnan -« elinkau- 
tinen. -kulu 1. -loppu worn (1. stricken) 
with years, decrepit, aged and Infirm; (hy- 
vln vanha) very old (and feeble), -kump- 
pant: mm olmmmm ik&kumppanit we are Of 
the same age. -luokka: ndnun ikOtuokkaani 
kuuluvat men born the same year with me 
(1. I was), -mles elderly man; kUn on fo 
iMimimm he is (already) well advanced (1. 
well along) In years, -praaldentti president 
by seniority, -puoli advanced (1. stricken) 
in years, full of years, aged; (vanhahko) 
elderly; vrt. IkKkulu. -piivi ks. ikiplivK. 
-raja age limit, -vuosi year of (one's) life 
(I age): ikMvuodmt 13-19 teens; koiman- 
nmtto ik&vuodmllman In his third year. In the 
third year of his age. 

Ikivyatymlnan growing weary; weariness 
[at. Johonkinl. ikivyatynyt: ikHvymiynyt 



fn lired (I. wear> ) <»r ... disgusteJ 
at . . . sirk of . . . ikAvyatyiUminaffi weary- 
ing, boring, iklvyatytavl boring; (yksl- 
toikkolnen) dull, uninteresting; (visyttA- 
va' tiresome, wearisome, tedious; kyvin 
ikSv ymiy t i Sv im ikmaimim great bores. ikl- 
vyatyttlvtoU like a bore, uninterestingly, 
tediously, ikivyaiyttii (make . .) weary, 
make .. tired, tire (out/; bore [to death, 
perinpohjin], sicken, ikivyatya get (1. 
grow) tired (1. weary) [of . .]. tire [of . .], 
grow impatient at :a th., Jobonkin] ; be- 
(come) bored [by ..]; (alkaa ikivOidA) 
grow (1. become) lonely (1. lonesome) ; 
vrt. kyllJUtyi. 

IkAvyya tedium, tediousness,wearisomeness, 
Irksomeness; (ep&miellyttivyys) disagree - 
ableness. unpleasantness; ikOvyydmt dis- 
comfort, (kiusa) annoyance, trouble, vex- 
ation; ikSoyykma tuottavm causing un- 
pleasantness (1. discomfort 1. annoyance 1. 
trouble) ; miiiM on vain ikMvyykoiH that can 
only bring about trouble, nothing good 
can come of that. 

ikivA I. (s.) tedium; (mielipaha) regret; 
(yksinftisyys) lonesomeness; (kalpaus) 
longing, yearning; (sum. huoli) sorrow, 
grief; (pettymys) disappointment; (viih- 
tymattOmyys) discomfort, unhappmess; 
ikUvisMiUin oimvo lonesome, sad, unhappy; 
ikavdkmmni to my disappointment (I. re- 
gret), to my disgust; ikSvOn tunnm feeling 
of loneliness, (mielipahan) feeling of re- 
gret ; ikavMUn nMntyvM pining, languishing ; 
minuHa (\. ntinun) on '^ I am (1. feel) 
lonesome, vrt. koti-ikXvX; mintm on '^ ko- 
tiin I long (I. yearn) for home, I am home- 
sick, vrt. ik&vSldA; minun on oUut minua 
kovin -^ I have been wearying for you, 
(Jkpv.) I have missed you very much; olla 
ikUvimmaUn be lonesome, not feel at home, 
(olla pahoillaan) be sorry [about. Josta- 
kin], regret. 

ikAvA II. (a.) tedious; (IkftvystyttAvA) wea- 
risome, tiresome, dull [story, kertomus], 
uninteresting; Irksome; (epamlellyttAvA) 
unpleasant, disagreeable; (valltettava) 
deplorable [mistake, erehdys; occurrence, 
tapaus], (surulllnen) sad [affair. Juttu; 
news, uutinen] ; (yksinftinen) lonesome, 
lonely; vrt. Uusallinen; ikUvintU amtamma 
oli, mtta . . the saddest thing about it was 
that . .; '^ ikminmn a dull (1. uninteresting) 
person, a bore; '^ kyilU kUn mi tuitut (I am) 
sorry to say he did not come; — kyllM kS- 
nmn mi onnimtunut . . unfortunately he did 
not succeed in . .-ing; ~ kylta kUn on vMH- 
rUmmii I regret to say he Is wrong; '^ ptdkko 
amua a lonesome (1. a dull 1. an unpleasant 
1. not a nice) place to live (In); ~ 
pUiva lonesome (1. disagreeable 1. gloomy) 
day; •^^ tmhtUvU irksome (1. unpleasant) 
task; ik&vHt muimtot unpleasant (1. pain- 
ful) recollections; ikUvSt mmuruakmmt sad 
(I. unpleasant 1. disagreeable) conse- 
quences; on ikavMa kuuUo, mttM . . I am 
sorry to hear that . . . ikAYiatl unpleasant- 
ly; deplorably; sadly; (onnettomasti) un- 
fortunately; (kiusalllsesti) annoyingly. 

IkAvdidA long (1. yearn) [for. Jotaktn 1. Jo- 
honkln]; (kaivata) miss, feel the loss of; 
(olla Ikftvissft&n) be lonesome [without 
one. jotakuta]. not feel at home; ikSvSidmn 
longingly, wistfully; ~ kiikkmSsti jotmkin 
pine (1. languish) for . .; «- mmoilm long to 
gel to the country: ikUvSity longed for, 
wished for; kauan ikSvSity kmtki the long 
wished for hour, the time long looked for- 
ward to; vrt. kaivattu. ikAYftiminan: ion- 
kin ikUvSiminmn longing. (1. yearning) for... 
lkAv6imya, IkAvftlntI longing, yearning, ar- 



lUfMvi 



— 133 — 



IlkunU 



dent desire: pining, Itnrulshlng. IklYftivi 
tonesome; wistful; foimkin ikMv9Mi long- 
ing for. desirous of; MiiiMan ikSogiv^ long- 
ing to see (1. longing for 1. lonesome for) 
tine's rootber. 

iUifi: nun ~ likewise, also, too; vrt. myOs: 
JmirnkiSB, vmstlkiln. -kuin 8S if, (JUSt) 
as tbough; just like [a monstrous giant, 
s^uuri jattllftinen] ; ikSMnkmn Mnmn agianaa 
•lUi .. Just as (if 1. though) it were his 
duty (1. his business) to . . . 

ilaMua «= ilo. 

ilahduttaa gladden, make glad, rejoice; 
cheer (up) ; (tuottaa mlelihyvftil) give . . 
pleasure, please, delight; mtimm « kuuUa, 
•US . . I am delighted to hear that . .; ea- 
Im mm ^mrmmmn nmrmBti ttahdnttmva hSniS 
he will no doubt be greatly pleased at the 
outcome, the outcome will undoubtedly 
rive him much pleasure. ilahdutt«ja one 
who cheers; that which gladdens (1. de- 
lights); ty9 on ainoa HdmUni ilahdnttaja 
work is the only cheer of my life, ilahdut^ 
Uva gladdening, cheering, cheerful, joyful 
news, uutlnen] ; pleasant, pleasing, de- 
lightful; vrt. Iiausk«; Uahduttavan 9uuri 
•dUtys very good progress; •nttdin ttah- 
duttmtfmm ktmOa (vastaukslssa:) very glad 
to hear It. 

ilahtiM become glad, be pleased (I. de- 
lighted) [at (1. with). Jostakin], rejoice 
at ..]; (ihastua) become charmed (1. en- 
raptured) [with..], become elated [with.., 
jostakin] ; Mn itmhini «nvr««fl ihnill«c«Mn 
tmtUmn he was greatly pleased (1. he was 
elated 1. he was delighted) at hearing the 
new§. 

ilahut* 1c !, iUbiut-. 

iiaklta mirXK ntprrimenL 

llafcoida bit iti hlffh H»iril9, t)<^ iw a roLUckLng 
itumor; frtiiic^ make me^rJ^ (puhellii lun- 
*^stJi cljit(ler) merrny. bi? laiiKtilnir and 

wltb annth^!-'!t f^^imirs. Ilakolmifieiir 11a- 
fc^lni* mt^rrymaking-i merry chatter* H»- 
koilMva ^\niimRly irlad; rroUcklngn 

Mlanko sitpp^^ry roads; (JflA-) sheet of Jcc; 
kmtu «ft pmHtkUn^ itfanhona ftie e^tr^el waS 
tm*"" iUeoi of Up. lim on {pah&tti) itjangotia 
itie mat! I* jrlar^' U. very ?T)pP*J^y>t '^i» 
rnad is one glare of Lee, Hjann« = iljsnka. 

II J«tti«f yt nau seou sne 5S : I o at h m m eti o^r^; 
r«^uH*ve nature, repul^lvene&s; nastine???. 
IIMtivS nau 5*0 u?: loath ^Kvroo. sickening:; 
imijtome: nt5ly; ujrly [afrain jtJtiul: dls- 
tujimg Fiight. n*ilry] : detestable, abomi- 
nable; Hnlifiltavi) repulsive; il}*ita%'iin 
rvmv abhorrent, repuTslvfl< hideous. irj*i- 
lii nil with dlsfust. ratjie . . to Toathf. 
[|1U5««|«, iilCkeM; mintm itjtHSM I am imii- 
«Mted fall, my K^^rge fi»**s [at], Ji ^ir^k- 
«tis me llt> , . i p I ioatiiv" to . 1 H unhnttaa) 
I OitMt <t abhor) to ... flievemmln:) I 
l:mm t dlsiik^-i. Hmn (llietyksen tiinno) 
lAattting, detesiaimn, nau.^ca: too itfttys 
that aisim*tif"jc « n^amrfi^ 

ilJMIl - tmhdM /efoJ^in f- "ll3 KylMn Julki^a 
C^kemJIin jotakin) have the impiidoruo M. 
ilift nene) to .. not be a^-^hairif^d Ho . ; 
(roliJPU) dare, v*»nltjr(* rhoTmoa) Imve 
thtt nearf "^to , J; vrt, kebdaU: «n ilk^S 
mmtmM *innt I baveni the n«rve to vo 
there, minua bivettft*) I am aahann^d to 
gti there; mtiM hJin itkmmikin he oiitrtn to 
have been anhamed of himself ; the impii- 
rt^fif^! the nerve: 

ilkamoltfa r«jnice In (1. at) anothpr? nih- 
r^vrlll[l*^: mock, scoff. Jeer fat, jdllokullo ; 
mvk'' rnti fit . . , trifle [wuh . ,]; fpilkata) 
dfrjdf*; ^kttHala^ teaae: nkmmoid^n ^[m|- 
katrni mocking, «at^ct*ticaiiy; fklu.HriT*-n) 



teaslngly. ilkamolva mocking, scoffing; 
teasing; (ilakoiva) rollicking, ilkaauila — 
Ukamoida. 

Ilkanan ks. UJati. 

Ilkaya (hAljyys) wickedness, badness; (hii> 
jynilkeys) ugliness; (pahankurlsuus) 
naughtiness; (pahansuopuus) malevolence, 
malice, spite; (halpamaisuus) meanness, 
vileness; UkmyhBUaddn out Of malice (1. 
spite), (piruuksissaan) out of (pure) mis- 
chief; pmikSatM Okmyd—tS out of mere 
spite. 

ilkal loathsome [taste in one's mouth, maku 
suussa]; foul; disgusting [affair, iuttul; 
(paha) bad, wicked [nature, luonnej, evil; 
(pahansuopa) malevolent, malicious; (hftl- 
jynilkinen) spiteful; (luonteeltaan '») 
cross, (halpamainen) mean [disposition, 
luonne], base, vile; (ruma) ugly, horrid; 
vrt. hliJr, pidumiUdnea; '^ fcoomaatea Ill- 
natured remark; -* /aonl dirty trick; -» 
nHhy horrid (1. abominable 1. disgusting) 
sight; '^ twrnmima unpleasant sensation; 
~ tfolm malicious (1. vile 1. base) lie. vrt. 
hXvyton; am on kmikki vmin ilkmStH pitmm 
it is all a cruel (1. malicious) joke. 

likeiljuonlnen maliciously cunning; wily; 
(viekas) sly. -iuonuinen ill-natured. 
-mlelfnen evil-minded, evil -disposed; ma- 
levolent, malignant [lie, vale] ; malicious 
[deed, teko]. -mlallaaati malignantly, ma- 
liciously; spitefully, -mialltyya malice, 
malignity; spite. 

IlkalnnhaJulnan stinking; foul [breath, hen- 
gltysj, fetid. -makuin«n ks. pahaamakui- 
nen. -nIkOinan bad-looking. vlle-looklng; 
(ruma) ugly, hideous, repulsive. 

ilkeiati maliciously, malignantly, spitefully; 
unpleasantly, ilkaltapalnen vicious; mis- 
chievous. 

iiklalaaton stark (1. bare) naked; stripped 
to the skin, as naked as when one was 
born; nude; iiki«daMto\nuina I. -nna 1. ^mina 
- UkoalastL 

ilkllmiellnen malevolent, Ill-disposed [to- 
wards one, jotakuta kohtaan]; ks. llkel- 
mielinea. -midllayya 111 will, malevolence. 

iiklmya villain, wretch; (lelk.) mischief, 
rascal; minU '^ you mean thing! you wicked 
creature! you wretch (1. rascal)! 

llkintako, -tyO evil (1. dastardly 1. Infamous) 
deed, misdeed, villainy, (malicious) out- 
rage: (ilkivalta) mischief, malicious 
prank (s).-valiantdkiji evil-doer; mischief- 
maker, -valta mischief, o.utrage(s). -val- 
talnen spiteful, wanton; (pahankurinen) 
mischievous, naughty, -valtalauua (omi- 
naisuutena) mischlevousness, naughtiness, 
love of mischief; UhivattmiMuudmt malicious 
pranks, mischief. 

Iikl6 miscreant, wretch; myds « ilklmys. 

ilkku »- UkunU, iva. Ilkku- (yhd.) ks. iva-. 

Ilkkua scoff [at one, jollekulle] ; mock. 
Jeer [at one about a th., jollekulle Josta- 
kin] ; hold .. up to scorn (1. to ridicule), 
gibe fat. jollekln 1. jotakin]. (ivata) de- 
ride, ridicule; Uhkumn jeeringly, glbingly, 
with a jeer; itkkuu hUnmn kariuudmlU^n (\. 
kurttmttamn) gibes at his misery; vrt. pU- 
kata. Ilkkuilla mock, gibe; hector, banter. 
Ilkkuja one who scoffs (I. mocks), scoffer, 
mocker; (pllkkaaja) scorner. ilkkuminan: 
ioiUkin ilkktxmin^n gibing at, ridiculing . .; 
imllmkuUm Imatakin ilkkuminmn scoffing (1. 
mocking I. jeering) at one about a th. 
likkuva gibing; mocking, derisive; ilkkuva 
katam sarcastic look, scornful glance, tri- 
umphant sneer; vrt. pilkallinen. 

iikoalaati (myOs: tlkoaan mlaati) stark naked. 

Ilkoalllaan -- ilkeyksissMXn ; ks. Ilkeys. 

Ilkunta scoffing, sneer(lng); jnockery, do- 



iltalliiiM 



-- 134 



rlsfon; (iva) irony; OkummaOm (llkkuai) 
with mockery (1. derision), Jeerlngly, 
gribfngly. 

iliAilin«n supper: tea; eveninr meal; OimUi' 
mmn aUmmn at supper-tlme; mmOismn mySiyS 
(\. iMUMn) after supper; aUUiBmitm sup- 
perless, without one's supper. 

illallltlaika supper-time. -p6fU supper- 
table. 

illanlhlmy ks. iltaJaUny. -vl«Uo evening 
entertainment, (eveninif) party, social 
evening:. -Yirkku wide-awake (1. brilliant) 
in tbe evening. 

illastaa 1. (syOdl illalllsta) bave one^s sup- 
per, sup; S. (palnua iltaan) grow (I. get) 
towards mgbt; tikma -^ it is growing (1. 
getting) towards nigbt, tbe evening is 
closing in, tbe nigbt draws on. 

iilatlivi (klel. » sisitulento) (tbe) illative 
(case). 

iilattu social evening, evening entertainment. 

illempiiii, illemlmilli (1. -malla) later (on) 
in the evening. 

flma air; (sfti) weatber; (eslm. urkupil- 
puissa) wind; (Joskus:) sky; '^ mn hnmU 
[viUmS'^ tbe weatber is fine [cool]; hMn H 
ol« koskaan oUui ihmisimn iimoitlm.he bas 
never been among people (1. out in tbe 
world), be bas never moved in good so- 
ciety; [pft&stft (JUleen)] Umdmtmn Omomm 
[get back] to civilization, [get back] 
among people, (Jkpv.) [get back] in God's 
country; kaikUlm Oman SMHUm in every di- 
rection, everywhere; hmnnUttm tt mmlim in 
fair (1. nice) weatber, when tbe weatber 
is fine; korh^mUa UmoMaa, korkmatim ttmmmn 
high (up) in tbe air; rUUUM iimoiUm (I. if- 
man MdriUM) (seudullla) in these regions 
(1. latitudes), in this vicinity; (run.) under 

f Kaoa slciCS 

iima- (ybd.) air [esUn. 'hyipy air bath; 
'Pumppu air pump]; (barvemmin:) .. of 
air [esim. 'pafam column of air; -virtu 
current of air], aerial [eslm. -/mtrl aerial 
root; -pnrimhdua aerial navigation]. 

Ilmaantua appear, make one's appearance; 
(nttyttftytya) show o.s.; (ilmestya) reveal 
O.S., turn up, (kuv.) emerge, be forth- 
coming, turn up, arise; (tulla nikyviln) 
come In sight, come In (to) view; '^ akki- 
arvaamatta turn up (unexpectedly) ; mstmmn 
ilmaantu€MMa when a hindrance appears, in 
case anything turns up; kun tUainmitm 
ilmaantuu (tarjoutuu) when opportunity 
arises, if a chance presents Itself, when- 
ever I get a chance: miMM& kUnmn ahnmu- 
tmnaa ilmaantutt where does his avarice 
display Itself? voi l/maaneaa syitM, htka . . 
reasons may turn up (1. present them- 
selves 1. occur), which . .; vrt. ilm«styiL 
llmrantumlnan appearance: occurrence. 

Ilmaliija airman, aeronaut, aviator, ilmaiila 
aviate, ilmaliu aeronautics, aviation. 

iimalnen I. (a.) (maksuton) free (of ex- 
pense 1. of cost), gratuitous; . . free of 
charge: ilmaim^kmi ks. bakus.; ilmtdmia nmw 
vola gratuitous advice. 

iimalnen II. (ybd.) ks. huoao^, kaunis'-', 
tympeK^ y. m. 

ilmaita ^ llm«va. 

iimaitekti free (of cost), gratis, gratuitous- 
ly; for nothing; (kaupp.) free of charge. 

ilmalvematon non- revealing; never-dls- 
closcl; aiatvk»ia«*n '^ not revealing one's 
thoughts, not betraying what one thinks. 
iimalseminen manifestation: expression; 
revelation: (paljastamlnen) disclosure, ex- 
posure, ilmaiaeva: htakin Umaimmpa ex- 
pressive of . . . llmaitlJa«one who (1. that 
which) reveals (1. discloses 1. exposes 1. 
expresses Jne., vrt. ilnudste); revealer. 



ilmaiata reveal [one's presence, UsnUolonsa; 
one's plans, suunnitelmansa] , disclose (a 
secret, salalsuus], discover [o.s. to one's 
friends, itsensi ysttvilleen] , betray; (pal- 
jastaa) expose; (tuoda ilml, osottaa) man- 
ifest [one^s joy, ilonsal, give evidence of, 
mdicate; show [surprise, bftmm&stysti] . 
display; (lausua 1. tuoda llmi) express 
[one's opinion, miellpiteensA; one's fear(s), 
pelkonsa], utter [one's astonishment, bftm- 
mAstyksensA] , give voice to; (antaa tiet&A) 
make [a. p.] aware of [one's intentions, aiko- 
muksensa], intimate; impart [one's fears 
to a p., pelkonsa Jollekulle]; (ilmottaa) 
state [one's errand, asiansa], declare; 
(tulkita) give expiression to [one's senti- 
ments, tunteitaanj ; (merkltA) denote, sig- 
nify [one's intention, aikomuksensaj ; 
HflMn'M* iMMtUMonsm makes its presence 
known, betrays itself, indicates (1. re- 
veals) its presence; Umaiamkamn (llmaisee 
itsensA, llmenee) .manifests itself, reveals 
its presence, will betray itself, will make 
itself known (1. felt) ; '» mi^nkamnMa hUa- 
kvBm (myOs:) convey one^s thoughts to a 
p.; ^ iiaamaM reveal (1. betray) o.s., mani- 
fest O.S., make o.s. known; '^ Jollekulle 
kwmnioitusimtm kS. osottaa; ^ rikua expose 
a crime, (ilmlantaa) report a crime: '^ 
Jollekulle Joku aalmiawnu (myOs:) let a 
person into a secret: '^ aiainmUH mfmitA- 
aonam fottakatta (myOsr) open one's mind 
(1. heart) to a p.; '^ Jotakfn Jonkin ayykai 
(sanoa) advance a tb. as a reason for . .; 
^ tyytymMttSmyytanaM express one*S dis- 
satisfaction, signify one's displeasure, let 
one's displeasure be known; •n uakmttm ~ 
ttmtaitani I dare not give voice to my sen- 
timents; amm ibmdai naotion olapmn tMkolUi 
the smoke betrayed a camp-fire in tbe 
neighborhood; aitM mi vmidm aanaiOm '» it 
can not be expressed in words,- It is be- 
yond tbe power of words to express that, 
words cannot express that; varbi Umaiaaa 
toimintaa the verb Signifies (1. denotes) 
action. 

ilmaiau revelation, disclosure; manifesta- 
tion. Indication; (ilmaus) expression. 
-keino means (1. medium 1. vehicle) of ex- 
pression; pnka on afatukaan Umaiaukmjno 
speech is a vehicle of thought, -muoto 
(form of) expression, -tapa mode (1. man- 
ner) of expression. 

ilmalljarru air-brake, atmospheric brake; 
vacuum-brake. -Johto alr-plpe(s), (sfthk.) 
overhead wire, -kaivo (tekn.) caisson. 

iimakaa airy. 

ilmaflkehA atmosphere; itmakakMn .. atmos- 
pheric, -karroa layer (1. stratum) of air 
(1. atmosphere); aerial region, -klvl me- 
teorite, aerolite. 

iimakkuua airiness. 

limalikulva air-dry, air-dried, -laiva airship, 
(ohjattava) dirigible. 

Ilmamalnen airy, aerial; aeriform, gaseous. 

ilman 1. without [any breakfast, aamialsta]. 
out of [work, tyOta] ; 2. (muuten) other- 
wise, else; 3. » ilmaisoksi; vrt. railla; '-' 
aikoiaan (buvlkseen) for (tbe) fun (of 
the thing), (Jkpv.) Just for a lark. vrt. 
snotta; '^ aikomuatm takiy (myOs:) Unin- 
tentional; ^ hOnta oUai voinat kMydS knl- 
luaH (Jollei bftnta olisi ollut) but for him 
(1. if it had not been for him) things 
might bave gone wrong; Umankoa kSn tHi- 
pyi niin kmnm that was why he was gone 
»o long (1. what kept him so long); -' 
muuta Offhand, right off, without more 
ado. simply [huom. hUn poati mimm ilmmn 
mtmta kyvUkaymUMn aan he demanded that 
I Should accept It right off (1. without any 



— 135 — 



lllll«U 



rurtber consideration)]; ^ voin (htwik- 
sni) just (I. only) for (the) fun (of It). 
ju5t for the sake of sport. Just for the 
pleasure of It; • yatatriS without friends, 
friendless: /otv -^ without which. 
ilBMiilala climate; vrt. Umasto. -«nnuttaja 
weather-prophet, -annuaiua weather-fore- 
cast, -kostaua humidity (of the atmos- 
phere), -muutot change of (1. in the) weath- 
er. -«li«anua (llmakehftssa) diminished 
pressure of the air; (Tys.) rarefaction of 
air. -fiaiiM atmospheric pressure, -pltivyya 
imperviousness to the action of the atmos- 
phere, -pitivi air-tigrht (I. -proof), her- 
metir(al). -pItiYiati hermetically [sealed, 
suljettu]. -puhillstut purifying of the air. 
-pupisttitkon« (air) compressor, -tuunta 
point of the compass; quarter; miilS ilman- 
auummmUa •« •n In What quarter (1. direc- 
tion) does It lie? -valhtfin ventilator. 

ilmafivaihto ventilation. -JirJdat«linA sys- 
tem of ventilation, ventilating system. 
-koi« 1. -laitot ventilator. 

lliiMnivato current of air; (huoneessa) 
draft, -ilpl quarter; tUUUM ilmatUUMUM 
In these regions (1. parts). 

llnM|paifi« ks. Umuipttiiic. -|mIIo balloon, 
aerosut. -p«llor«tki balloon expedition (1. 
trip), -parantola (fresh air) sanatorium. 
-paUiA column of air. -puntarl barometer; 
weatherglass. -purJehdua aerial navigation; 
aeronautics; vrt. ilmaila. -purJ«hduataito 
aeronautics, -purjahtija aerial navigator, 
aeronaut; balloonist, aviator, -putki air- 
pipe; (eliint.) trachea, -pyaay air-gun (1. 
-rifle); (lasten leikkipyssy) pop-gun. 
"eukkm air-bubble; (elftlnt.) air-bladder. 
-rata elevated railroad.-eaikialr-hole. vent- 
hole, air-escape; (kalvoksessa) air-shaft. 

ilmasto climate. Ilmaatoliinan climatic; il- 
mmaU Oimmt mukimmt Climatic conditions. 

ilmastol-oppl climatology. -«uhtaet 1. -olot 
climatic conditions, -vydhvka climatic zone. 

ilHMlfihkft atthosphertc electricity, -ailllft 
air-chamber (1. -holder 1. -reservoir). 
-tiada meteorology; vrt. ilmasto-oppL 
-iialiya 1. -tjahyt air-channel; (anat.) 
bronchial tube; (tekn.) pneumatic duct. 
-tlaia^lllnan meteorological; ilmatimtmmUi' 
•mt mmrhit meteorological signs. 

Ilmaton void of air. airless; (with the air) 
PThaasted; — t&m vacuum. 

tlmatorti .ifr pip**. 

ilmigi nt3nire<^tailon, pevclatton, ejihibltlon; 

clPiKe; nimi*i:' phenomenon ^ Iouh on a/«- 

r-fesslim af a mmpl<^tft tlioufhl tn wnnls; 
«ll« itmmnkttnm i^tttakin (my^s:; he an 
evidence fl, (I 3\KT\) or , ,: tmidin ilininiJb»f 

rniyds!^ m^ i^yn^fitoms of a dl^ea^t*- u&i- 
mmm * mantfesution of strenirlh^ Muuttu- 
wnAam* " JkonNHYItfon wUti an aTi?ry *?\ 

^spr(*A^ton rtf puhltr opintcm. 

llmautU'ai -inln#ii k^, itnuuntuift^ -ntaeu. 

iimava airy: Mltava) wpacloij?** roomy. 

\\ff\* If* K pre:? si on. I'joskuf^:) mien, air; <kai 
!M»i IfKik, a'rpCT^T: lntk*€i ^ Insolent exprr.*s 
^t^n (L Umk' : kamt*i>j*n -- ffnyrts:) coun- 
ts- nance; twmkMn - katvoiUo with an eX- 
Pfn^^ion f^f pain on the fare: ylp^a — 
hiiuirbty m^«n {\. air) . llmaatAn fxrr'''^^Hiii 
ie*n, tnexpr^^sive : varant Tjook, kats*\ 
Hy1»ft) dull, apathi^tir. Itmalkiiyyt fv 
prp&stv«rne^P: evpr«»sjon. iim*ikl(iAni wltti 
I a great deal oD eiqiression. ijmefkit t's, 
pre4*rTe: rmi or i*xpressH>n; Umtikk^ai 
milmSi evpre^fllve (1. eloquent) eyes. 

Ifinainan. I. (%} nimel**t'n selva^ obvious 
rii«r, v«liw]; mamrcBl (error, erehay^]. 



apparent, plain, evident [injustice, vift- 
ryys] ; Open; (kouraantuntuva) palpable 
[lie. valhe]; « vMSrinkayttS (myOs:) 
glaring abuse; Ummia^n 99lvM perfectly ap- 
parent, obvious; iUnmimmsBa ristirUdaMaa 
totiamikkolmn ktauma Obviously at variance 
with the facts; hMnmn •yyiUByytmnaM on '^ 
his guilt is apparent; on OmmiatU, mttU .. 
it is obvious (1. patent to all) that . .; vrt. 
••IvX. 
llmeinan II. (yhd.) with a(n) . . expression 
[huom. ankarw^ (myds:) hard, austere]. 
Ilmalsasti obviously, manifestly, evidently; 
vrt. MlvMstL llmelayya obviousness; evi- 
dence, plainness; palpability, 
ilmanamlnan manifestation. Ilmanamiamuoto 

form of manifestation. 
ilmaatymlnen appearance; forthcoming; 
nndmn aikakmmUhdmn ~ appearance of a 
new magazine. 
ilmaatymialllupa (Jonkin Julkaisun) per- 
mission to appear (1. publish); license of 
publication, -oikeua right to appear (1. 
publish), -paikka place of publication, 
-pilvi day (1. date) of publication. 
Ilmaatya revelation; appearance; (nAky) vi- 
sion; vrt. ilmeatyminM. -kIrJa the Revela- 
tion of (St.) John (the Divine). Book of 
Revelation, the Apocalypse; ilmmmtyakirian 
pmto beast of the Book of Revelation, -kip- 
Jalllauua apocalyptic literature, -muoto 
form of manifestation, -pilvi: Maarian il- 
mmaiyapHivU Annunciation. Lady Day. 
Ilmaatyi appear (myOs Julkaisulsta), make 
one's appearance; (Julkaisulsta puhuen:) 
be published, be issued; (syntyft) arise, 
spring up. (sattua) come (1. turn) up, be 
forthcoming, set In; (tarjoutua) offer (it- 
self); (saapua) put in an appearance; vrt. 
Umaantua; ^ nSkyviin come In Sight (1. 
into view), emerge [from. Jostakln] ; -^ 
painostm be Off the press ; '^ SkkU (I. Hk- 
kUtrvmamaitm) Show up unexpectedly, turn 
up; han Ummstyi kaupimkUn he turned up 
a put in an appearance) in the city; loiva 
Ummatyi anmuatm the Ship emerged from 
the fog; maioh on ilmmatynyt niityilim 
worms have put In an appearance (1. have 
appeared) in the meadows; mista taudit il- 
mmMtyvat how do diseases come (1. 
spring) into existence? where do diseases 
originate (1. come from)? niin pian kuin 
UMaaua (\. tilaimtmtta) ilrtfMtyy as soon 
as an opportunity offers itself; maattaa -• 
mMtmita hindrances may arise (1. come up). 
ilmetty veritable [rascal, rolsio; lie. vale] 
genuine; han mn -» Icfiiwtf he Is the very 
picture (1. image) of his father, he is 
exactly like his father. 
Ilmau appear; (niyttftytyft) manifest (l. 
reveal 1. disclose 1. present 1. show) itself; 
(ilmestyft) arise; (osottautua) prove, turn 
out: (kftydi ilmi 1. selville) be discovered, 
be revealed; (nftkyft) become apparent, be- 
(come) evident [from. Jostakln]; (kuvas- 
taa) find expression (l. utterance), be re- 
flected; «' ionakin assume the form of, 
find expression in; ^ oikoasam va!amsman 
appear In Its true light; mitmn tmH Umm- 
nmm how does the disease appear (1. show 1 
reveal itself)? what are the symptoms of 
the disease? mySkmmnUn ilmmtU, mtta am oli 
ollnf mrrnkdym later it proved that It had 
hi^eTi (1. to have been) a mistake; titaiaaa 
ilmmni valaua the accounts showed a def- 
icit; tamta ilmanmm, mtta . . from this It Is 
apparent that . . , (k4y selville) from this 
it is gathered that . .; vamtuatua ilmmni kiu- 
atattmkona the opposition expressed Itself 
(1. found expression) in harassing; vika 



ilmi 



—- 136 — 



lloin#fft 



ilmmni giinM, mttU . . the trouble was that . . , 
the trouble proved to be in . . . 

ilmi: «« UmkU fuU blaze; ^ pim the very 
devil (himself); -• waim open war; [verbien 
yhteydessA ks. aataa, kKydH, Madst tulUi, 
tuoda y. m.]. 

ilmilantaa (jokln asia) dlvulgre [a plot, sala- 
liftto]. give information of, report [a crime 
to one, rikos Jollekullel, (ilmaisu) dis- 
close, reveal; (Joku henkllo) inform against 
[a thief, varas] . report [one for. . , joku Jos- 
takin], denounce; (pettftil) betray; W«efo- 
mim JbofMolo/ste OmUummttHn aUtvU—ti hmt- 
litvkBMm innocent citizens were constantly 
denounced to the government. -Mitaja in- 
former; denouncer. -Mito information; 
iwOnm ilmimnon nokdla upon the informa- 
tion of . . . -«llYi lifelike [description, ku- 
vaus]; tUttn hanmt UmimlSPiUtM I saw his 
own living self, -lauaua pronounce [a wish 
that . . , toivomus, ettft . .1, express [one's 
opinion ajatuksensa; one's fears, pelkon- 
sa] : (iUnottaa) announce. -Ileklii full blaze; 
ilmUimkiMma (myds:) all ablaze, -eaamaton 
undiscovered, undetected. -Manriinan 1. 
-taanti discovering, discovery; detection; 
revelation. -«ota open war; UmimodoMma 
kmmhmn&Hn In open hostilities (1. at open 
war) with each other, -tuleminan 1. -tulo 
discovery; detection; revelation; Umitwdm- 
mUmn pmloMta for fear of being dlscpvered, 
for fear of discovery (1. detection), -tuli: 
oUm amittd€99a be in flames, be ablaze (1. 
aflame): vrt. UmUiekld. 

iimift phenomenon (plur. phenomena); ap- 
pearance; occurrence; harvinainmn '^ un- 
usual occurrence. 

ilmolnen: «l (minU) UmoiBna iMnS never In 
(all) the world; never in all one's life. 

limoteiia: ^ hhdi—a advertise in the news- 
papers; vrt. seur. 

iimottaa notify [one about a th., Jollekulle 
Jo(s)taklnl, give notice (to the public of a 
th., yleisOlle Jotakln (1. Jostakln)], in- 
form rone of a th., joUekulle Jostakln 
asiastaj. intimate; (kaupp.) advise; (teh- 
da tletyksi) make known; (ennakolta, Juh- 
lallisesti) announce [a book for subscrip- 
tion, klrja tilattavaksl, a course of lectures 
to be held, luentokurssit pidetttvaksl] ; 
(virallisestl) report; (sanomalehdessft y. 
m.) advertise [one's business, liikettftanj; 
(toimlttaa tieto) communicate [the news to 
one, uutinen Jollekulle], impart [a secret 
to one, salaisuus Jollekulle]; (ilmaista) 
signify [one's Intention to be . . , aikomuk- 
sensa olevan . . ] ; (sanoa) state [the facts, 
asian todelllnen lalta], declare, tell; ^ 
(Jotakin) mdmltUpUin notify beforehand, an- 
nounce; *» hinta give the price, quote 
i estm. —n hinnakmi ilmotrnttiin S doitarim it 
was quoted at 5 dollars] ; '*' itmrnnsM ks. il- 
mottautua; ^ Uhdiggd advertise (in the 
newspapers); '^ Uian idhaimrnkmi (I. pUnmk- 
Mi) understate, (hinta) quote too low; '*' 
fiimcnatf [o«ofe««ii«a] iokmikin give one's 
name [address] as .. [huom. myOs: hUn 
mi haiunnttt ^ nimmiUin he did not wish to 
reveal his identity, he would not tell his 
name] ; '^ syyt poimsaoloonsa account for 
one's absence, give an account of oneself; 
'^ tulonma (L hdomtaan) announce one's ar- 
rival; ^ utttinmn varovamti break the news 
[to a person, Jollekulle] ; ^ piraHimmsti an- 
nounce (I. report) orficlally; Mn iimotti 
olmvansa Mrim tmkiiU he declared himself 
to be (1. announced himself) the author; 
minwdlm ilmoimtHin aaioMta Uian my^haUn I 
was Informed of the affair too late; tstmn 
ilmoimtaan, mttii .. this is to give notice 
that . . . ilmottaja informant, informer, 



communicator; notifier; announcer; (sa- 
nomalehdissA ilmottaja) advertiser; (kir- 
Jalllsuuden, tav. arvosteleva) reviewer, il- 
mottamaton unannounced [guest, vieras] ; 
unstated, not reported; nitnmMMn HmwUmmm 
ion one who does not (1. did not) give his 
name, ilmottamlnan conununlcatlng, noti- 
fying, stating; announcement, notification ; 
(sanomalehdessft) advertising; (klrjan, ar- 
vosteleva) reviewing. 

iimottaiiUia announced, present) o.s., report 
O.S.; enter [the races, (osanottajaksi) kil- 
pailuihin] ; (virallisestl) register [as a 
candidate, ehdokkaaksi ] ; (tarjoutua) offer 
O.S.; (nftyttftytyft) make one's appearance, 
be manifested; « rnhdokktmhsi (i. AoJU/a*- 
ai) (myds:) enter one's name as a candi- 
date [for . . , Johonkin virkaan], announce 
one's candidacy, enter the race [for sher- 
iff, sheriffin virkaan] ; ^ fMdukkaakmi an- 
nounce o.s. (to be) willing, declare one's 
willingness to . .; ^ oppamrnkmi (Johonkin 
optstoon y. m.) be enrolled as a student; 
~ tutkintoon report o.s. (1. send In one's 
name) for examination. Ilmotuutumln^n 
announcement; entrance; registration; (so- 
tapalvelukseen y. m.) enlistment, ilmotuu- 
tumitvelvolilauut duty to report (l.register) . 

Ilmotut (tiedonanto) announcement; notice; 
(kauppak.) advice(s); (selostus) statement, 
declaration, (vars. vlrallinen) report; (tie- 
to) information; (sanomalehdessfl y. m.) 
advertisement [ Amer. jkpv. lyh.: ad] ; (kor- 
tilla y. m.) notification; iUmotmMtmn vmiktm 
(sanomalehtlen vHUllft) exchange of adver- 
tisements; (klrjan) mnfomtmimvm iimoinm re- 
view; iwikwm UmatnkMmHm (h Hmminkamn 
pmraMtmmlla) upon a p.'s Information. 

ilmotut- (ynd.) advertising, . . of advertis- 
ing [esim. -hinnai advertising rates, rates 
of advertising; -larimstrntnUl system of ad- 
vertising, advertising system; ^kustmtumh' 
««f cost of advertising, advertising ex- 
penses]. -l(ortti notification card, -kuitti 
receipt for an advertisement, -lahti adver- 
tisement sheet (1. magazine), -iahtlnan bill, 
placard; handbill, (pient) dodger; (ikkunaan 
tat seiniifin pantava) poster, -otattodehdes- 
si) the advertising columns, the advertise- 
ments, -taksa (list of) advertising rates. 
-taulu bulletin -board, -tolmiato advertis- 
ing agency, -vala dak.) affidavit (of debts 
and assets), -vaivollisuut duty to report. 

ilmotuttaa have a th. (1. cause a th. to be) 
announced (I. advertised jne.. vrt. iimottaa). 

ilo Joy; (mielihyvft, huvi) delight, pleasure; 
(riemu) rejoicing; (ilolsuus) gayety, glad- 
ness; iloksmni to my delight, with delight 
[huom. myOS: gain iloksmni nAhdH . . I had 
the pleasure (1. I was pleased) to see . .] ; 
iloila With pleasure, gladly, vrt. seur.; ilMm 
la rimmtMa heartily, with all one's heart, 
cheerfully: ^ oli horkaimmUlaan, kun ykV- 
MkkiU .. the Joy (1. rejoicing) was at its 
highest (pitch) when suddenly (1. was at 
its height when all at once) ... all was 
mirth and glee when suddenly . . . there 
was great rejoicing (1. no end of rejoicing) 
when suddenly . . ; kmiltU on oflot ilo« fi^ 
Bimtaan their children have been a blessinir 
(1. a joy 1. a comfort) to them: hMnmllM ai 
««n mrSn pmrUmtU aim allut ainomtakamn Han 
pUivHa he hasn't had a (single) happy mo- 
ment ever since; HinM mi aim mUMUn itmn 
myytu it is nothing to rejoice over (1. to be 
glad of), no cause for rejoicing in that, 
-huuto cry of joy, joyful shout. 

ilolnon glad of (1. about), jostakln], 
pleased [with . .], happy [at . .]. delighted 
[with (1. at) ..]; gay [companion, seura- 
toveri], Jolly [laugh, nauru], merry [day. 



— 137 — 



iiii«UiUvi 



pilv&; sontr, laulul; cheerful rdiq>ositioii, 
luonnej; Joyful [news, uutlnen]. joyous; 
* pmiiiUm Jolly feUow. mischief, (Engl.) 
jolly dog (1. blade); OoUMm hmttmmnkmMm 
with cheerful confidence; [Una] aoimdlia 
tmmUOm [always] cheery (1. In good hu- 
mor), [always] In merry himior (1. In buoy- 
ant spirits); llolcte mtarmm gay company. 

iloiM gay; cheerful, light-hearted; jovla]. 
iloiMMti gayly; cheerfully. 

IMMsti gladly, merrily, gayly (myOs: gai- 
ly); cheerfully; joyously. 

itoiaaua gladness; Joyfulness; cheerfulness; 
high spirits, cheer; gayety, hilarity. 

iMU rejoice [at (1. in), jostakln]. be glad 
(I. delighted 1. happy); delight [in. jos- 
takin]; joy [in ..]; (rlemulta) exult; 
Omiim— tmisimn oaaioinkSymiMUtM takes de- 
light (1. a malicious pleasure) in other 
people's misfortunes; hUn iMtai wmadmum 
muttmm he was very glad to be able to help. 

iloljahte ks. rlmiraJnliUu -kaasu (kem.) 
laughlnir-gas.-kyyneleet tears ofjoy.-laulu 
song of joy (1. rejoicing), Joyful song. 
-oiiell: OmnimUn cheerfully, heartily, glad- 
ly: (mlelihjnrillft) with pleasure, with de- 
light, -mielinen gladsome, gay; cheerful, 
Jovial, -oileliayya cheerfulness; joviality. 

ilon lathe cause for rejoicing. -«lka time of 
rejoicing, -tiuumaua intoxication of joy; 
mOm il0nhttmmauk99MMa be overjoyed, be be- 
side o.s. (1. be wild) with joy, be half 
rrazy (1. be delirious) with jov. -hilrittiji 
one who spoils all the fun. -Ilmaua mani- 
fesution of joy. -o*otua expression (1. 
demonstration) of Joy. -pito merrymak- 
ing; (huvltus) amusement, diversion; (ilo) 
mirth, merriment. Jollity, -pilvi day of 
rejoicing; (JuhlapalvA) f^te. -tuoja brlnger 
of joy (I. cheer), -vietti — UoMmonia. 

ilolaanofna good (1. joyful) news, cheerful 
tidings; message of joy. -«ilmi: OotUmin 
uith eyes full of joy, with a happy face. 

iloatiw rejoice [at, jostakln] ; (Ihastua) be- 
fcome) delighted [at, jostakln]; (tulla 
iloiseksi) become glad, cheer up; '^ jaiUmn 
recover one*s spirits, cheer up; jfo«ea«n 
cheeringly, cheerfully; delighted, ilottu- 
miiiMi cheering up. 

iloton Joyless, cheerless; dull. Ilottomaati 
joylessly, cheerlessly. 

itoiulitua fireworks; (Juhlavalaistu^) illumi- 
nation, -^ineet chemicals used In making 
fireworks. 

ilotyttA woman of easy virtue; strumpet, 
street -walker. 

ilta evening; (oik. iiuy()) night; (run.) 
eve(n) ; OUUm in the evening, (eilen illalla) 
last night [huom. myOs: mOmn audlu yes- 
terday evening, last night]; lUan auatMa 
towards evening; IB^mpnnB, ittmmmaWi 
later (on) in the evening; '^ luhmntm the 
evening is closing in, the day is far spent; 
mHUitM atmna one night; hyvWl iltaa gOOd 
evening! how do you do? foka ilta every 
night, nightly: tdnH iltana this evening. 
to-night; fvuokrattu] takwi itUkai [hired] 
for to-night. 

ilta- (yhd.) evening [eslm. -katdu evening 
RThool: -imhti etening paper; -rafcoo* even- 
ing prayer]: (harvemmln:) night- [eslm. 
'imnm night-train; -katdu night-school]. 

iltal-^uHniio evening sun, setting sun. 
-hetki evening (hour), twilight hour, -hu- 
vit ks. Utama. -himy 1. -himiri (evening) 
twilight; atahamy9aS In the dusk of the 
i»vening. 

Ituinen (yhd.) . . evening's. . . night's fesim. 
•ir«ji^ yesterday evening's. last night's; 
exnOii'* to-nighrs]. 



iltalain of an evening, (of) evenings; ainm 
UtaiMin every night, nightly. 

litalittunto night-session, -jumalanpalvelua 
1. -kirkko evening (1. vesper) service: 
evening church, -kuttut evening party. 
•kylmA cool of evening; chill of the night. 

iitama (evening) entertainment; social, so- 
ciable; evening party. 

iltamyfthi: iliamyShms late in the evening, 
towards midnight. 

iltanen 1. (ilta) evening; 3. (lllaUlnen) sup- 
per; UtoMmllm in the evening, at nightfall; 
itiaain Of an evening, of evenings. 

iltalperhonen (elftlnt.) hawk -moth, sphingld 
moth, -puhde evening (at lamplight), 
candle-lightdng time), -puoll afternoon; 
iltapuolmmn towards (the) evening. 

iltapilvi afternoon; UtapHivmia, atapSiviMin 
In the afternoon, of an afternoon, (of) 
afternoons. 

Iltapiivi- (yhd.) afternoon, after-dinner 
[eslm. 'iattmto afternoon session; -kmhviit) 
after-dinner coffee]. 

iltaflruoka » UlalliBsn. -rutko sunset glow, 
evening red. '^oitto (sot.) tattoo, -tuuli 
evening breeze, -tihti evening star; Vesper, 
Hesper. -uninen sleepy In the evening-, 
sleepy evenings, -yd (time) before mid- 
night: iltaySstS towards midnight, before 
midnight: oii /o HtayB, kun . . the midnight 
was (already) drawing near (I. on) when . . . 

iitlkaaen without anything further, simply; 
(llmaiseksi) for nothing. 

live fun. Joking: (plla) Joke, jest; (pllkka) 
mockery; (vehje) trick, prank; mischief; 
itvmat ("" eleet) manners, carriage; mien. 
air(s) ; 9i mUlSSn ilvmmUU not on any (I. on 
no) account, not at any price; olla ihmiBtmn 
ilvman •sinm^nH be a laughing-stock (1. a 
butt of ridicule 1. an object of derision). 
ilvehtiji joker, tester, wag; buffoon, merry - 
andrew; (matkiJa) mimic. Ilvahtlminen 
jesting. Joking; frolic; (narrimainen) buf- 
foonery. Ilvehtii Jest [with one, Jonkun 
kanssa]. Joke, jeer [at one, Jollekulle] : 
play a Joke on; play tricks (1. pranks): 
ilvhtitt ionkun korusa (I. loUmktdU) make 
fun (1. sport) of one, mock at one. ilvei- 
leminen Jesting, Joking; buffoonery, ilvei- 
11 It Jester: (klovnl) clown: myOs = ilveh- 
tlJlL iivalllljoke. Jest; caper, antic; Uvmitta 
ionkun kanaam (\. lottmktdU) kS. UvehtUL 
liveily Jesting. Joking; sport; capers, an- 
tics; (nftytelminft) comedy, farce, bur- 
lesque. Ilveilyhaluinen . . In a humor for 
jesting: disposed to capering (1. playing 
nranks), up to trlrks. 

Ilvekaannahka lynx fur. lives (elftlnt.) lynx. 

imarrella flatter; blandish: vrt. llehakolda. 
imarrur). imartelemlndn ks. Imartelu. imar- 
tellja flatterer, imartelu flattery; blan- 
dishment: mat0lmva imartmlu servile flat- 
terv, adulation. 

Imellya malting: (makeaksl tekeminen) 
sweetening. Imellyttii ks. imeltMlL Imel- 
tyminen sweetening. Imeltyi grow sweet, 
sweeten; be(come) malted/ imeltimlnen 
ks. imallys. imeltii malt; (tehdft makeak- 
si) sweeten 

imalyya sweet(lsh)ness: blandness; (ftite- 
lyys) mawklshness. 

Imeli (makea) sweet, bland [smile, hymyl : 
sweetish; sugary, honeyed: (ftltelft) sickly 
sweet: mawkish: ~ voi unsaltert (I. sweet) 
butter: vrt. liehakoiva. ImelihkS, imelin- 
•ekalnen sweetish; vrt. KitelMhko. imelini 
sweetly, in a honeyed manner; (aitcliisti) 
mawkishly. 

imemlnen, imenti sucking; absorption. Imet- 
kelli suck [one's fingers, sormiftan]. ime- 
tattivi: imaUtt&vU lapai nursing child. 



lm«ttija 



— 138 — 



imMUJi wet nurse. im«ttijiinen (elftint.) 
=» wi«MH>. ifn«Uiiiiin«n nursing, suckling. 
lm«UiviinM (nls&kfts) mammal. im«ttii 
( IhmislstH : ) nurse, (etup. elftlmistft : ) suckle ; 
immtiMM Im^tm (myOs:) give a cbild the 
breast. iiiiaYi(in«ii) I. (a.) sucking, n. (s.) 
suckling, nursling, imvyitii (tekn.) im- 
pregnate [with, Jollakmj, imbue, saturate. 
imeytymfnen absorption, imaytyi be ab- 
sorbed; be sucked up: (nesteistft:) soak 
into [the earth, maahan]; (tunkeutua) 
penetrate [the pores, huokosiln], enter 
(the soli, maahan]; immytyM kUnni ioh^n- 
kin (lilimadosta y. m.:) fasten (itself) on 
to . . , adhere to . . . 

imal suck; absorb, imbibe; '^ lf«««fi«« suck 
up; (huokoislsta aineista puhuen) soak 
up, absorb: (kav.) drink in, imbibe [no- 
tions (1. ideas) worthy of condemnation, 
hyiattftvift aatteita]: ^ kaiviin (kuv.) 
drain; '^ mmhn foaimkin suck the Juice out 
of, <kuv.) extract the essence from: himkha 
immm (itmrnmnmU) ««t««n the sand sucks in 
the rain. 

ImIJi (yhd.) . .-sucker [eslm. vrmn'^ 
bloodsucker]. 

Imiti I. (a.) female. II. (s.) (emftsika) sow; 
(naaras) dam; vrt. nartto. 

immankalYO hymen, maidenhead. Immyt ^ 
Impl. ImmytkalYO » immcakalvo. immyt- 
miinan nymph -like. 

imp«ratiivl (kiel. •« kftskytapa) imperative 
(mood). 

Imp«rfakti (klel. » entlspftftttymft) past 
tense: imperfect (tense). 



imD«plalltml (suurvalta-poUtiikka) Imperi- 
alism. imp«rlallatlnMi imperialistic. 
Impeya maidenhood, virginity, impl maid- 



► 



(en), virgin; ihana impi (myOs:) the fair 
damsel. 

Imu suction, absorption. 

imu- (yhd.) suction- feslm. 'Imtka suction- 
hose; 'pumppu suction -pump; -potM suc- 
tion-pipe; -vnitiiU suet Ion -valve], suck- 
ing [eslm. -•fin sucking-organ; -polfo 
sucking-bottle; 'pomppu sucking -pump], 
suctorial [eslm. -korkmua suctorial nelght; 
-•mi suctorial mouth]. -jAlka (elftlnt.) 
tube-foot, sucker-foot. -Juokautin ks. 
Uppo. -Juurl (kasv.) sucker, haustorium. 
-kaNi sucking-fish, remora; sucker. 

imuka mouthpiece: vrt. slkaari-^. Imukka 
nipple, imukko (muste-imukko) blotting- 
pad, blotter. 

imuDlava suctorial disk. -mato fluke(worm), 
trematode (worm), -netu (fyslol.) lymph. 
-nyttyri (elftlnt.) sucker; (kasvelssa:) 
haustorium. -paparl blotting-paper; blot- 
ter, -plili ks. Uppo. -puilo (tav.) nursing- 
bottle, -rauhanen (anat.) lymphatic gland. 

imuH 1. blotting-pad, blotter; 2. (Imuelln) 
suctorial organ, (elftlnt.) sucker; (hyOn- 
tefsillft:) haustellum. 

ImuRtiili (pumpun) strainer through which 
a fluid is sucked, -fuoni suctorial vein; 
(fyslol.) lymphatic vessel (1. duct). 

imutin ks. lappo. 

Imutorvl suction-pipe. 

Inarinjirvi Lake Enara (1. Enare). 

India ks. Intia. indkMnl ks. iatUanL Indian- 
merl the Indian Ocean. 

indigo indigo, -kaavi Indlgo-plant. -tininen 
(a. & s.) indigo blue. 

fndikatilvi (kiel. => tositapa) indicative 
(mood). 

indoauroppalainan (a. k s.) Indo-European. 

Indo-Kiina Indo-China. fndo-kllnalainen (a. 
& s.) Indo-Chinese. 

inMaiivi (kiel. ^ sisAolento) Inessive (rase). 

fnfinltiivi (kiel.) infinitive. 



iifTiuana(a)a (nuhakuume) influenza; (la) 
grippe. 

Inlia sordid; vile, base, mean; vrt. IIk«&» 
vaikoa. 

inhimillinan human; (ihmlselllnen) humane; 
inhimiliiMta on mrmhtyil to err iS human. 
inhlmllliaatti humanly; humanely; inhimit' 
U—9ti mShdmn homanly seen (1. Judged), 
inhimllllatyl become hupnanized. inhimil- 
iiayya humanity, humaneness. 

inho detestation [for], abhorrence [of]: 
disgust [for (1. at)], loathing [to]; horror 
[of] ; (vastenmiellsyys) dislike, antipathy, 
aversion; (lljetys) nauseatlon [at], abom- 
ination [of]; tnhom HmrMHUvU detestable, 
abominable: oila inhohmi foltmkuttm be an 
abomination to one. 

inhota detest, abhor, abominate, loathe: 
(tuntea vastenmlellsyyttft) have an aver- 
sion to .., be disgusted at ..; (vlhata) hate. 

inhottaa cause detestation (1. abhorrence), 
make . . abhor; be loathsome to . .; be re- 
pulsive to; minaa '^ Mnmn ahnmutmnaa I 
detest (1. abominate 1. loathe) his avarice, 
his avarice is repulsive to me, vrt. UJettlft: 
am mikma h '^ minam I am getting nauseated 
at it (1. revolted by It), I begin to feel 
aversion for (1. to 1. toward) that, I begin 
to abhor that. inhoUava detestable [ac- 
tion, teko], abominable [person, ihminen], 
hateful, loathsome [sight, n&kyj; (vasten- 
miellssryttft her&ttftvft) repugnant, repul- 
sive [to, jollekulle], disgusting; vrt. Iljet- 
tlvl; inhottmvan rmma repulsive, abomi- 
nably ugly. InhottavaatI detestably, hate- 
fully, disgustfully; repulsively. InhotUH 
vuua detestableness, abomlnableness; hate- 
fulness, loathsomeness; repulslveness. in- 
hotua ks. UJ«tys, Inho. 

iniati whimper, whine; vrt. yaisti. 

Inkari(nmaa) Ingrla, Ingermannla. 

Inklviiri (-mauste) ginger. 

inkviaiittori Inquisitor. inkviaitaioni(tuomio- 
iatuin) inquisition. 

innokaa enthusiastic [lover of music, mu- 
siikin ystilvft; support, kannatus]; eager, 
anxious; (kiihkeft) passionate, ardent [fol- 
lower, kannattaja], fervid, keen [desire, 
halu]; (uuttera) zealous, strenuous [ad- 
vocate of liberty, vapauden puolustaja] : 
(innostunut) interested; vrt. torniokaa; -* 
hmMkuatmlu eager discussion, animated con- 
versation: ^ ruittiuami— Strong temper- 
ance advocate: innokkmat atmaionoaoiwAaat 
hearty (1. enthusiastic) applause, innok- 
kaaaii eagerly, enthusiastically; passion- 
ately; (kllhkeftsti) ardently, fervidly: 
(IttmplmftstI) warmly; (uutterastl) zeal- 
ously, strenuously, innokkuua eagerness, 
enthusiasm, ardor, fervency, zeal; Interest: 
vrt. into; innokkuudatia with eagerness (1. 
enthusiasm), with deep interest, ardently, 
enthusiastically, ks. myOs: ianokkaaatl: 
hSnan innokkuutanaa aaian kyv9kai . . his 
ardor (I. zeal) for the cause . . , his ardor 
in the matter . . . 

Innoataa inspire (with enthusiasm), rouse 
(enthusiasm): enliven, animate; Inspirit; 
(iftnmiittftft) warm up; (temmata mukaan- 
sa) carry away, transport} (her&ttftft mle- 
lenklintoa) Interest; tonkin nattaan innoa- 
tanuma animated (1. Inspired) with (1. by) 
an idea; johtaianaa nrhocUiaumdan innoa- 
iamina fired by the courage of their lead- 
er, innoataminen Inspiring (with enthu- 
siasm); animation, innoatava Inspiring, 
inspiriting [address, puhe], animating; 
interesting; innoatava vntinan Stirring 
(piece of) news. 

Innoatua become interested fin, lohonkln] ; 
become inspired (1. animated l. fired) [by. 



— <ao — 



josUkln] : develop Interest (I. enthusiasm) 

In;, wsrm :to one's ^-ork, tydliOns&] ; « 

k ai ^a mi i be etsily carried away by entbu- 



jhai g9t (L rrow) too warm, 
fret excited. innoeUiMNMtr enthusiastically, 
ardently; with rreat (1. much) Interest. 
iMMtiiiMit (rreatly) interested [in, Johon- 
klnl. enthusiastic [over« Jostaun], In- 
ipired; (innokts) ardent, seaious; trans- 
Dorted. (en)raptured; (antautunnt) given 
ito study, opiskeluun]; Immt—i mMI- 
Mm warm enthusiasm, enthusiastic mterest; 
•Ihi Immt—i hkamkim be very much hi- 
terested in . . , be strong for ... 
liMiostiu enthusiasm, rapture. Inspiration; 
(into) seal, ardor; (linq>0) warmth; (mie- 
;; mUm im 



squj 



kailla) tease, nag: (viitella) altercate, dis- 
pute (about, jostakin]. Inttflly bickering. 
Babbling: (continual) teasing, nagging. 
(▼aittU) insist (upon), maintain; 
contend; myds — faittiiDt; -^ jmjmii ar- 
gue against, dispute; raise objections to..; 
oppose, contradict, gainsay. 

InvalMI (raifanainen) iUTalld; crippled soldier. 

invecitMiH(o) (kaiustoluettelo) inventory. 
invawtae reu take (1. make) an inventor>' 
of ..], inventory. Invantaeraiit taking of 
an inventory, inventory (ing). 

Ipaanllalneii (a. k s.) Iranian. 

Irlannln-meH the Irish Sea. 

Irlantl Ireland. Irtantllainan I. (a.) Irish. 11. 



lenkimto) taterest; 



MtdbaJM 



be enraptured by, be enthusiastic 



over, vrt. kaltio(issaan). 

iMnoeiiittaa inspire with enthusiasm, make 
enthusiastic, rouse enthusiasm; ks. Imme 
tea. Innoetuttava inspiring; inspirational; 
vTt. iBMetBva. innoetutuvaeti inspiringly. 

innovtuva (inclined to be) enthusiastic; JM- 
ytf '^ easily carried away by enthusiasm. 

innotelta be enthusiastic [over, jostakin]; 
be carried away by one*s seal. Innottellja 
enthusiast, innettalu enthusiasm, rapture. 
iniioian Inspiration. 

inainMri engineer, -kunta engineer corps. 
-iie^ (science oD engineering. 

impirataloni ks. luMtns^ 

imeoraalilaakento (mat.) integral calculus. 

latMli — lattiilUL 

interjefctaloai (klel.»kilhtosana) interjection. 

Ifitia India. ImHmm hmiwmriktmtm the Indian 
Empire: Intimm vmlimimmri the Indian Ocean. 

iiitftaani (American) Indian, intlaani- (yhd.) 
Indian [eslm. -k^imm Indian tribe; "pMrn- 
UkU Indian chief], -helmo (myOs.) tribe 
or Indians, -keel Indian summer. -^yttA 
Indian girl, young squaw, -valmo Indian 
woman, squaw. 

intlalaiiien I. (a.) (East) Indian, n. (s.) 
(East) Indian; Hindu, Hindoo. 

into eagerness; (uuraus) ardor, seal; dim- 
min ^) rervor; (innostus) enthusiasm, 
rapture: (harrastus) Interest: intmiwwmmn 
mi Mbi htmmmtmui^ mHU . . In his eagerness 
(I. rervor) he did not notice that . . , vrt. 
ktthko; itmoOm with eagerness, eagerly, 
rervently; intom taynnS sfcini full of *ti- 

ttlUilaiin* zr-4^|niijs : ^tla innaiMMaan jaEiahin 

^ t r I ted Wtth : ^la vikmm m>»»««tn ( m y&A : ) 
Dp In f^ll swmif. 

I'lLs^i^mMe. -tiimointn pa'^'^lniiate T woman, 
iimJnfOTr' ; (Uint«?Ua kilTirlyttHvai emotlnri^t 

-hi(n<»)t««lt pa.-*<ilcnialely 1 ^jlh €■ mo I Ion. 
-hifiwiatiu»L>jisiHionUtf^ni^^^>. -hlmciUirt void 
o f pas sion. ai spass i n nate. p sw s roti less : ( ty y - 
hO enol, riim. ^Imoiioinaiitl dlspa-^alon- 
aielT; fftlmiy, 
iMaltit* f>n|hiifllast: sc^alot, nf<votee^ (ktih 
tRiUliai ranitic: fpoylik^llij^l braRnrari, 
tmm^rpT. intolila fkopfllUa) brag, swap-fror; 
btnvte^f: (mennA lUallt^uulfttiln. mnoKUia 
tItikftM b»j fivprifaious t>p carried away 
bv <»ne'ft««a1: frfi intfi raptures Tover, lOH- 
lAMin]; (fviit Inn*>lM*aan) be en lliijs labile 
orirr a th.. Jnt^Ukln'; vrl. roHa) hkl< 
iU(iiiaatl). intoliu l^lu^^terlmr, 1>ri7i;tnK^ 
awittfiailiL rhunman^) i^.iuUatlOT». ir^loi- 
mm felt. laADattifiut, innolus* Intoliuui < 

|ntem(alin#n (^ntliiisLastfF; tcatoil!«: (malitl- 

r-'ntrnpH) frrandlloqu^nt. 
iAtailli ikmaAUUai Acitiatihl^ ruhuuL ji,^ 

lakiriK bicki^r. wraiiirie; Impuim: (JanK^ 



(s.) Irishman; MmmtUmbmi imOs:) the Irish. 

Iprallaan loose, free, clear; eOe « be loose. 
be unfastened, be unattached; (vangtsta, 
eliimisti y. m. puhuen:) be at large; 
(eiaimisU:) run wild, irrallean ks. iMittia. 
pUUtl, pttstU. iirallinan loose; slack: 
(lilkkuva) mobUe, floating [ctpital, pit- 
oma]. 

liTottaa loose [one*s hold, otteensa; the turf 
by plowing, turve kyntim&lli], loosen [the 
sails, purjeet], relax [the ties, siteet] : 
(piistii irti) unfasten, untie [a knot, sol- 
mu], unbind [the chains, kahleet]; (ottaa 
irti, irralleen) detach, disengage, remove: 
(sotkukslsta) disentangle, extricate; (va- 
pauttaa) make free, (set) free; (erottaa) 
separate, sever [the head from the body, 
pfta niumllsta] ; irroimttn loosened, de- 
tached, unfastened; -^ «tfref hmngoi»tmmn 
take the oars out or the oarlocks, (mer.) 
unship the oars; ~ kahlmimtm unshackle, 
unchain, unfetter; " [harpusta] JUcf«e un- 
string [the harp], irrottamaton undetarh- 
able. irrottaminen loosening, unfastening; 
detachment. 

Irrottautua become detached; disengage o.s.. 
detach o.s.; (jostakin mlhln on sotkeutu- 
nut) extricate o.s.; (vapautua) make o.s. 
free, free o.s.; minM mn poi " Biitii I can 
not get out of It, I cannot get orr: vrt. 
riuhtautua (irti). Irrottua get (1. come) 
loose, become unrastened, loosen; be- 
(come) detached^ 

ipstaaati loosely, wantonly; (haureelllsesti) 
lewdly; vrt. Irstas. Iratailava dissipated 
[youth, nuorukalnen], rakish, irttaiiija 
libertine, debauchee, rake; rast liver, irt- 
taiiia live dissolutely, lead a loose (1. a 
lewd) lire, wanton, debauch, dissipate. Irs- 
taliu, Irstailamlnan debauched (I. lewd) 
lire, (lire or) debauchery, (hurjastelu) dis- 
sipation. iPttalnan, irttaipa => irstas: frsfatf- 
amt havit orgies, revelry: irataiamt /aomin- 
gii drunken revelry, bacchanalla. irataltuu^ 
wantonness, dissoluteness; debauchery: 
(haurelialsuus) lewdness, licentiousness. 

Irataa dissolute, wanton, rakish, debauched 
[lire, elftmft]: (haureelllnen) lewd [wom- 
an, natnen], lustful, licentious [ruler, hal- 
Utslja]. lascivious, lecherous; intaat «/a- 
Uahamt lewd (1. licentious) thoughts; <rs- 
ttmt haint licentious (1. lustful) desires; 
vrt. kavytmialinan; •!«« fl. vimttaa) ira- 
taatm mWrnUii ks. Irstailla. irsUua =- irstai- 
suus. 

IKaaliaan » irrallaan. Irtaantua = irrottua. 

irtalmiato (Irtaln omalsuus) personal (1. 
movable) property, movables; (lak.) chat- 
tel(s): (kalusto) fixtures, -huutokauppa 
auction of personal property, -kiinnrtya 
(lak.) chattel mortgage. 

Iptain loose, (sllrtyvft) movable, portable. 
(Ilikkuva) rioating r kidney, munualnenl: 
'*' ommiamu personal property (I. estate), 
(lak.) personalty; « vHaat^ floating popu- 
lation, unsettled people^ 



irUutua 



— 140 — 



lw>liatvulii«fi 



iPUUtUa 1. =» irrottautua; 2. « irrottua. 
Iruutumaton undetachable; Immovable, 
rtxed; mextiicable. irUutumin«n loosen- 
ing; detachment, disengagement; (selk- 
kaukslsta) extrication, disentanglement; 
(vapautuminen) liberation. 

Irti loose; (vapaa, vapaakst) free, clear 
[mellcein alna verbien ybteydessfl, ks. esim. 
laskea, laikata, ottaa, pUUtK, plUUtlA, sa- 
noa, sanoutua] ; olan ^ MUtmatU 1 am free 
from (1. rid of) him, I have given him the 
slip; twUi Oft -^ a fire has broken out, 
(huudahd.) fire! 

IrtilllelkattAva . . to be cut off (1. out). 
•lelkattu . . which has been cut off, cut out. 
«piittlmln«n letting loose, detachment; 
release, -piiay loosening; release; (sot- 
keumasta) extrication, disentanglement; 
(vapaakslpftftsy) liberation. -aanominM 
(giving 1. serving) notice (to quit 1. to pay 
1. to move), warning, notice of termi- 
nation, (rahojen) calling in, (esim. lalnan) 
recall; (esim. soplmuksen) renouncement, 
-tanomitaika time for giving notice; length 
of notice; 30 pmvSn irtiaanondaaldUm on 
(1. at) 30 days' notice; 30 piUvUn irtisano^ 
miaaiha ofi tfolmoMs kwanminkin pooUn a 
30 days* notice is required of both parties. 
<-sanonta => irtisanominaB. -aanottava re- 
deemable on notice. 

irton kapineet movables, effects, -kaulut 
loose collar, -kdii (mer.) false keel, 
(ylOshinattava) sliding keel. 

Irtolainen I. (s.) vagrant; (maankuljeksija) 
vagabond, (Yhdysv.) tramp, n. (a.) (» 
tilaton) without landed property, irto- 
laislalntiidintft legislation concerning vag- 
rancy, vagrancy laws, irtolaitnalnen wom- 
an vagrant (1. tramp). IrtoMtuut vagran- 
ry, vagabondage. IrtoialtvlMtd (rural) 
population without landed property; (kul- 

. Jekslva) floating (1. wandering) population. 

irtonainen loose; unfastened, untied, un- 
bound; vrt. Irrallinaa. Irtonalanumero 
single copy; aanomaimhdmn irtonaUmanm- 
roita Single copies of a newspaper. 

Irtollparta ks. tako- 1. valaparta. -pohja 
(kengftn) insole, -aeini movable partition; 
screen, -tukka ks. valatukka. 

irvi: irviaaU kampain (\. ndn), irvittU ikmnin 
grinning, grinnlngly; hUnan mmni nm inHin 
he grinned (1. fleered), he made a grimace; 
h'dnmn on ana irviamU he is making faces. 

Irvidhammaa grinner. sneerer; (Ivallija) 
mocker, scoffer; (klusantekljft) banterer, 
quiz, -kuva distorted picture, poor imita- 
tion, caricature; burlesque. 

ipvitteliji grinner, fleerer, mocker; vrt. Irvi- 
kammaa. irvittelli grin; sneer; (virnistel- 
1ft) fleer; (elelllft) make (wry) faces, irvit- 
tely grln(ning); sneer(ing); fleer(ing); 
banter(lng). irvlttyt grin, fleer; (vlmls- 
tys) wry face, grimace. Irvlttii grin; 
sneer: make a (wry) face. 

irvi H suinen grinning, sneering, wry-mouthed. 
-suu = irvihammaa. 

irvollaan: ana irvoUaan grlnnlng(ly). 

ItiltAperltty inherited (from ancestors), an- 
cestral, traditional [custom, tapa]. 

itintimi stepfather. 

iakeminen striking Jne., vrt. iskaiL itkattU 
(loUakulla) have one strike (1. deal a blow); 
iakmttSS auontm have a vein opened, have 
one's blood let. iskeytyi: iskmytyU kiinni 
fohonkin, hook on to, catch, fasten on; 
(kuv.) cling to. 

Itkei strike (a blow at 1. on), deal a blow; 
(lyddft) hit, knock; beat; (sivaltaa) smite; 
(sysfttft) bump [one's head against the 
wall, pftftnsft seina&n]. punch; ^ kampain 
iohonkin bite, snap; ^ harhaan Strike amlss, 



miss, (kuv.) go amiss; ^ kUnni h^onkin 
grab, clutch, seize, catch, nab; ^ licmp- 
pmm pounce upon. vrt. hySkMta (klmp- 
puun); ^ kirvmildvn (sananl.) go (1. 
be) wide of the mark; '^ jotakuta kivatt& 
pMMhSn hit (1. strike) one with a stone on 
the head; ^ Jotakuta korvMa box a p.'s 
ears; ^ kyntanaa iohonkin fasten one's 
claws on (1. into), clutch; pounce upon; "' 
aaaiiiammnMa (eslm. petollnnuista:) SWOOp 
down (1. pounce) upon one's prey; ^ aif- 
manma lokonUn fasten (1. fix) one's eyes 
on; have an eye to . . ; ^ aUmOii /oflaJkolfa 
wink at a person; -' awnnta hataktuta 
bleed, let one's blood; <« enfea strike a 
light, (leimahtaa) flash, sparkle [esim. 
hOnon ailmMnaS iakivSi hOia her eyes 
flashed (1. sparkled)] ; haakka iaki kyyhky' 
aaan the hawk pounced upon a pigeon; aa* 
lama iaki ptmhwn the tree was Struck by 
lightning, lightning struck a tree; tauH iaki 
hanmmn the disease attacked (1. lay hold 
on) him. 

Itkot paste; (rappaus) plaster; (kivl- tal se- 
mentti) concrete. Itkottaa (smear with) 
paste, glue: (rapata) plaster; (sementti- 
iskoksella) lay with concrete. Itkostyd 
concrete work; (rappaus) plastering. 

itku blow [In the face, vasten naamaal, 
stroke (myOs eslm. koneen), hit, knock; 
(kolabdus) bump; (paukahdus, kumahdus) 
bang; (Iftim&hdys) slap; (Jollakin tylsftlla 
aseella) thump; (mus.) beat; ankara (I. 
kopa 1. raakaa) '^ (kuv.) serious (1. Severe) 
blow, shock; mMnndn " stroke of a piston- 
rod; aa oii ^, hata hOn ai koakaan toinnu 
(h toivu) that was a blow (1. shock) from 
which he will never recover; yhdoUU iakal^ 
ia at one blow, at a swoop, (kerta kalK- 
kiaan) all at once; vrt. miakan'*, •UmMn'-', 
•uonan^, vaitsan-* y. m. -haava incision: 
(syvfl)gash. -haka grappling-iron; grapple; 
grapnel. 

lakuittAln stroke upon stroke, blow upon 
blow. 

itkumittari = iakunluldja. Itkunlukija odom- 
eter, iakupi (suonirauta) fleam, lancet. 
iakinrili (sfthk.) spark-gap. 

ielanninyikili (kasv.) Iceland moss (I. 
lichen), -kleli Icelandic. 

Itianti Iceland, islantliainen I. (a.) Icelandic. 
II. (s.) Icelander. 

iao big; large; great; vrt. auuri; " kirjain 
capital (letter); [en ole nfthnyt hflntii] 
csoofi aikaan [I have not seen him] for a 
long time (1. for quite a while); iaot aivoi 
cerebrum; Iao valtamari Pacific Ocean. 

iao- (yhd.) great [esim. lao'Britannia Great 
Britain; "vaiUUainan Great Russian]; (ad- 
Jektiiv. yhdyssanoissa:) large- fesim. 
'ialkainan large -footed; -kStinan large- 
handed: 'psinan large-headed], big- fesim. 
-korvainan big-eared (myOs: large-eared); 
•mahainan big-bellied] ; vrt. auur-, auuri-. 

Ito-Balt (the) Great Belt. 

l9ohadeliniinen . . with large fruits. 

Itohko rather big (1. large 1. great) ; '« kanpun- 
ki a good-sized town, (Jkpv.) quite a town. 

Iroilla ^- iaotella. itoinen big: stuck-up, 
big- feeling; (Jkpv.) swell; (ylpeft. pOyh- 
keft) proud, haughty, arrogant, presumptu- 
ous; iaoiaia viaraita distinguished gueSts 
(1. company), itoiaaati arrogantly, pre- 
sumptuously, haughtily; vrt. iaoatL laol- 
auua presumptuousness, arrogance; (pdyh- 
keys) haughtiness, loftiness. 

isolllai grandfather; (tuttav. klel.) grandpa. 
granddad(dy). -Jako (maiden) general re 
parceling (1. reallotment 1. revisionary sur- 
vey) of farm lands, -kaavuinan tall (of 
stature); l^rge-f rained, bipr-l)Qqe(|. 



ItokMia 



— 141 — 



Ittutut 



itelitua: ^ jonkin Acnfoa consider the price 
or a tb. too bigb; ^ i^nhnn voaiimukmim 
<-onsider (1. regrard) a p/s demand exorbl- 
uot. 

itolkukkaineii . . witb large flowers, -lahti- 
iMn .. wltb large leaves, large-leafed. 
-mahalnan (myOs:) pot-bellied. 

iaonikokoinan large (-si zed), -lainan of con- 
siderable size, ratber (1. quite) large. 

itonnua enlargement; (laajennus) expansion, 
widening, -latl ks. suarenouslasL 

iaontaa make . . larger (1. greater), enlarge, 
rfys. k. kuv.) magnify; (laajentaa) widen; 
vrt. murratfta; voimmkhaa»H iMOtmmttu 
powerfully magnified, laontua be (come) 
enlarged; (lisftilntyi) increase. 

i£0|purj« (mer.) mainsail, -piinen large - 
(I. big-)beaded; iaopSinmn pnukko knife 
witb a big handle, big -handled knife. 
-rokko smallpox, -rutto 1. (rauhasrutto) 
bubonic plague; 2. =» iaosurnuu -ruutuinen 
large-cbecked (1. -plaided). -aorml ks. 
keskiaonBi* 

i:om (isoisestt) grandly, in a grand fashion, 
in grand style; (ft&nekkdiisti) loudly, noisi- 
ly; «!££ '^ live in (great) state, live in 
grand style; vrt. sunrefttL 

ifOfsuinen ks.suursulaen. -suomulnen large- 
.sraied f fish, kala] , . . with large scales. 
-surma (hist.) Black Death. 

icota be hungry, hunger [after (1. for), Jo- 
takin]; (raam.) be ahungered; (kuv.) 
yearn after, long for. 

iaouiia boast (1. brag) [of. Jollakin, Josta- 
ktn: about, jostakin], give o.s. airs; (re- 
bennelUL) swagger, plume (1. pride) o.s. 
on one's riches, rikkaukslUaan] ; vaunt. 
'« hUmkaUm look down upon one, treat onu 
superciliously, be (1. act) snobbish toward 
one. 

icotilainan (tilaa ottava) voluminous, bulky. 

itottalu superciliousness, overbearing man- 
ner, arrogance: (kerskailu) bragging; 
(turba) braggadocio. 

i'Otdinan = suuritoinea. I tout ks. ftuuruus. 

Isoivanhammat grandparents, -varvaa great 
(1. big) toe; (tlet.) hallux, -iiti grand- 
mother. (Jkpv.) grandma, -iininen ks. 
•miril£iila«B. 

Iir--''; n F /a) Tsr^ielittsli. ![.(»,) Isnielitu. 

iuiKHjk ' fiii ir.jirn itjr; (plka-ajupl) cab- 
ni«ri; vrl. tAJIinpitJijjL 

^ttahtaa ait di^n ' r.>r a while, hetktsekal}, 
be seated; ([i<iiTiiji>ta piinuen:) perf^h [calm. 
hmakku imiahii kntoH* the hawk pcrclied Oil 
Ui^i f tfftf } ; Hf^VUhUJ^) rest. 

[HuasLl [OD a ctidir, tuoitJia], be snting, bu 
seated; <kotriaia y. m. fiuhuen:} s]i up: 
i Itmati l5ta puhuen : > bepercned; Uev^ihiaa]^ 
r^i; tpuvusla puhmsn; = sopia) rit^ sot 

lW«IL Iiyvlnj^ ^ Avtfwvn wml^tMii dil on 
nnrMback, in* mounted: ^ johonhln (I. iot^ 
Itidm^ fi(l down on U Mtm, i^oluaan], s^at 
<i, pl^rf^} O.S. t>u,., Uinnuk^ta) jierrM an, 
art ittuvlv*; '^ Mr)0ttama**a (]. kirjotrnt- 
hnj !*]£ and T\Tlte, SU WrUln^r; - J^nrJ^ituiin 

ii?t, torltvA; * kUrilM lm\i\ sp^riiori-^ (of 
mtirtK hold H conn [flSim. kStiijia on is- 
tmHn ia kiiimt viikkoa the voiirl has bepii 
*yitilur it Iielcl) already for three \v<*eka] ; 
^ linnrntrnm ht^ In prision, l)« Imprisoned: ^ 
laid#«a k*. qUbi - oikmttUm Jmld a fOUrl; ^ 
pSydMnmS. bp ^<?a|f?d at tlic' table; ^ tUiiitS 
s^a (X JStoP) indoors: ^ tumnmHna sit as 
>UdfC; ^ v^tftilia aiC \il}\ - v^lveitla }u 
md^ttwm iotakmtu alt up (and wait) for a 
person; («aada> ^ wfrndmUa /a Uiamta (van- 
kltavaa) bavi^ b«en put on bread atici waif^T , 
fttittikii hyvin yd^imtukaa^it dt>\v]i(.T»]i^D4rr 
(liray.J be ^p.^lpd: tiiko a ^eat^ plr^a^f): 
iBttr^i^«n1 otl^tfamiMiri Sit ilO^H and wait! 



kUn iatui [vtilvmilla] koko Ulan la luki he 

sat I up] all night reading: kmllo Utnn tlio 
clock (I. watch) has stopped, the clock 
stands (1. the hands stand) still; kHyikUii) 
iatumaan take a seat! be seated! lintu iatui 
okaaUm the bird perched on a twig; takki 
iaiuu arittain kyvin (keveltyy) the coat 
fits excellently (myOs: is an excellent fit); 
t&aad fnoflcca on moAoiy -' this is a com- 
fortable chair to sit in. 

latualiaan [iatvaUa\ni, -ci Jne.] in a sitting 
position (1. posture), sitting, seated Tesim. 
nukkua ~ Sleep in a sitting position] ; ks. 
my(^s: laakea (milke&). ittuallaan [iatuai- 
U\ni, -d Jne.] into a sitting position (i. 
posture); tatttaa iotakuta iatuaUamn help 
one to sit up, help one into a sitting pos- 
ture; kuoii iBtnallaan died in his chair, 
vrt. nouata. latualiaan [iBtwudialni, -cljne.j 
from (1. in) a sitting position (1. posture) ; 
ampua iattmiiaan Shoot from a Sitting pos- 
ture; Iroottm maakan iattudtaan fall from 
one's chair; vrt. ajrttdil. 

iatuin seat; (tuoli) chair; paavin ^ the 
Chair of St. Peter, the See of Rome, the 
papal see; piiapan '^ bishop's throne; vrt. 
tuomlo'O', valta-* Jne. -lauta board seat, 
(penkki) bench, -luu (anat.) ischium. 
-paikka = Utumapaikka. 

ifttuJa one who sits (1. is seated); sitter. 

iatukaa plant, -okta scion; cutting, -vasa 
cutting, set, slip. 

iatukka (kasv.) receptacle; (embryol.) pla- 
centa; (sorvlssa) chuck, -sorvi chuck-lathe. 

ittumallkylpy sitz-bath, hip-bath, -laikki 
sitting-down game. -Ilntu perching (1. in- 
sessorial) bird; iattanalinnut perchers. 
-paikka 1. -sija seat; kataomo rakmnmmttiin 
tnkatta iattanaptdkkaa vartan (h tnkannan 
iatunmpaikkaa kSsittMvdkH) the grand - 
Stand was built to seat 1000 people; aa- 
Uaaa on iatmnapaikkoia 800 kmngmiim the 
hall seats 500 people, -ilia room to sit, 
place to be seated, -tyd sedentary work; 
kMnan on UkiSva iattunatyStH kaikot pSivSt 
(my(^s:) his work keeps him sitting down 
all day long. 

istunta sitting; seat, -valta seat; kSnotta 
on iatnnta- ia pukaoaita nmuvoMtoaaa he 
has a (seat and) voice in the council. 

istunto session, sitting; (Joskus:) term; 
(kokous) meeting). -«lka session, term; 
time of sitting, -huone assembly-room; 
vrt. Utuntosali. -kauti term, -oikeut = 
Utuntavalta. -piivi sesslon-day, sitting 
day; (oikeuden) court-day. -aali (session) 
hall, chamber; kongrmmmin iatuntoaaii (Yh- 
dysv.) Hall of Congress; iainaSStSjakun- 
nan iatuntoaaii (myOs:) legislative hall (1. 
chamber); aonaatin iatuntoaaii (Yhdysv.) 
Senate Chamber. 

iatuskella have the habit of sitting, sit 
(habitually). 

latuttaa plant [potatoes, perunoita], set 
[young trees, nuoria puita] ; implant [in 
one's mind, Johonkuhun (1. jonkun mle- 
leen]: ingraft [a scion, istukasoksa] 
(myOs kuv.), graft; (sijottaa) seat; <« ail- 
mikko puuknn graft a tree by budding; <« 
Jokin ttatti Jokonkuknn inoculate one with 
a disease, vrt. tartuttaa; ^ uudmataan 
(toiseen paikkaan) transplant; <« (<» pan- 
na istumaan) joku vimroonaU have a p. sit 
by one, seat a p. beside one. Istuttaja 
planter; inoculator; one who does graft- 
ing, grafter. Istuttamlnan planting, im- 
planting; (taudin) inoculation; (sijotta- 
mlnen) seating. 

ittutus «• iatuttamlnen; porunain ^ setting 
(1. planting) of potatoes; rokott -^ inocu- 
lation of small -pox virus, vaccination. 



Ittututmaa 



-— 142 — 



ItM 



► 



garden dirt (I. mold), rich dirt, 
-pulkko dibble, planting- stick, -rokko In- 
oculated cowpox, vaccinia, -^tapa metbod 
(1. way) of planting-. -Yea* ks. istukmsvesa. 
ittututtaa bave . . planted. 

iatuutua seat o.s. [on, Jobonkln, Jollekin], 
sit down, be seated; ^ mntiamlim paUmiUmn 
take one's seat again, resume one's seat; 
iBiuuinkma take a seat, sit down! 

ittuva sitting [posture, asento], seated; 
mhtrntrnti « Close- fitting, tigbt; vrt. byvlii^. 

ityyt fatherhood ; paternity, -kanife (lak.) 
bastardy. 

It! father; (run. Ja bevosista:) sire; (lasten 
pubeessa:) papa, pa, dad(dy); iBttni mUad- 
nmn Of (1. from) my father's time; MinmU 
knoimman fSikmti mytUynyt ImpBi a post- 
humous Child. Itillinen fatherly: pater- 
nal, parental. lailitMti (with) fatherly 
(care), paternally. Itilllsyya fatherliness. 
itimeiti (is&meidftn rukous) the Lord's 
Prayer, Our Father. 

iain- (yhd.) father's, fatherly, (barrem- 
min:) paternal [esim. -Ifo father's joy, 
paternal happiness; '9ilmM fatherly eye; 
'MydSn father's (1. fatherly) heart; -yipmy 
father's (1. fatherly) pride]. 

lanOia ks. UoUi. -koti paternal (1. an- 
cestral) bome; MbUtodiMMm in one's father's 
house, under the paternal roof. 

iainmaa (ssmtjrm&maa) native land (1. coun- 
try), fatherland, iainmaallinan patriotic; 
(kansallinen) national, iainmaallisuua pa- 
triotism. 

iainmaanlkavaltaja traitor (to one's native 
land), -rakkaua patriotism; love of one's 
country (1. native land), -yativi patriot. 

isinnwaton . . without a country. 

lainlmurha parricide, -murhaaja parricide. 
-nimi one's father's name, patronymic, 
family name. 

iainniatd (Johtokunta) board of directors 
(1. managers), directors, management, 
vrt. Ulvui'*. lainnyya (hoito) manage- 
ment, administration, control; (is&ntAvalta) 
domestic authority, dominion over a house- 
hold; (is&nnin tehtAvftt) capacity of (i. 
duties as) a host; (vuokratalon) one's be- 
ing a landlord, iainninsljainan landlord'^ 
agent; bead of the bouse temporarily (1. 
in the absence of a p.). iainnitdn Ucauirurttfn 
tml0 a house without a bead (1. a roaster). 

lainnAidi act as a manager; (talossa) act 
as the head (1. be the master) of the 
house; (esim. Jublassa) act as a host; (olla 
valtiaana) bold the sway, lord it [in a 
house, talossa]; (komentaa) be in com- 
mand, command; run things with a high 
hand; mrmmija iMdmM mtadwdim the army 
ruled things In the district with a high 
hand; Mn hainmm '■^ taiosMt be llkes to be 
boss of the house. 

itinndiiaiji manager; superintendent. 

itinHparlntd patrimony, -aurmaaja — isln- 
murliaaja. 

iainti head (1. master) of the house(hold); 
(etenkin vieraiden pubeessa:) host; (maa- 
lais-) peasant proprietor; (vuokratalon) 
landlord; (Jublapidoissa y. m.) entertainer; 
(toiminimessft) employer, (Jkpv.) boss; 
mahtml^n, rmvintoimn «» proprietor (1. 
host) of an inn, a restaurant; olfa iMMntSnM 
talosam (Jkpv.) wear the breeches, carry 
the pocketbook; vrt. talon^. -kaavi 
(kasv.) host -plant, host, -renkl beail 
hired man; head servant: vrt. voutt -valta 
ks. isSnnrys. -viki master and mistress; 
host and hostess, the hosts, -yhdiatya 
association of peasant proprietors. 

lain II valta father's (I. paternal) authority, 
-iiti ks. ItoMitl. 



iatpuoli stepfather. 

iaiUn fatherless; ~ lapai child who does 
(1. did) not have any father, (ftpftrft) an 
illegitimate child, a bastard, (Jkpv.) a 
come-by-chance. 
laiukko dad; (leikill.) the old man, the 
governor, -vainaja deceased father; iaM- 
vminuimni (myOs:) my late father, -vanhua 
" isMukko. 
Italia Italy. Italiaialnan (a. & s.) Italian, 
italiankiali (the) Italian (language), 
itara stingy, close (fisted); miserly, nig- 
gardly; penurious, (Jkpv.) tight; (abnas) 
avaricious, greedy; vrt. Idtsas, udta. 
itaraati greedily, stingily, penuriously. 
itapuua stinginess, penuriousness, niggard- 
liness; (abneus) greed(iness). 
itikka (hyOnteinen) insect, 
itid (kasv.) spore, -kaavl sporlferous plant, 
-paaika (kasv.) sporangium, spore-case. 
-paaikaryhmi (sanlaisilla) sorus. 
Itkaantynyt ks. Itk^ttsmyt. ItkamitAn un- 
wept. Itkanyt: hibn 6U itkmnmmn mShUnmn 
she looked as if she bad wept, vrt. seur. 
Itkattynyt worn (out) with weeping; Hkmt^ 
tynmmt mllnUtt eyes red and swollen with 
weeping (1. with tears). Itkattii make . . 
cry, cause . . to weep, draw tears [from a 
person, JotakuU] ; MntM milM itkmHMS it 
mad^ her want to cry (1. feel like crying) ; 
mintm itkHtMM I feel like crying, 1 bave a 
good mind to cry. Itkatyttii » Itkettli. 
itkavi weeping, cnring; tearful [voice, 
Aftni], .. full of tears. 
Itkei cry [with anger, klukusta], weep [for 
(1. wltb) Joy, ilostal ; (vuodattaa kyynelei- 
tA) shed tears; (valittaa) lament; ^ #•<«• 
kntm weep for, weep over, mourn (for), 
vrt. mur«htU; ^ katkmrim kyynmimHM weep 
(1. Shed) bitter tears; "^ ftoMM kohtmUmmn 
bewail (1. bemoan) one's fate (1. one's 
hard lot); '^ vmnhmtmpminaa haeimtmmm 
mourn (1. weep over) the loss of one's par- 
ents; Imi ithmm MpMM the Child cries for 
bread (1. for something to eat). Itkiji one 
who cries; (hired) mourner, 
itku cnring, weeping; cry; (valitus) moan- 
ing, wailing; -* i« hammastan kirimtya 
(raam.) howling and gnashing of teeth: -^ 
hnrkn»9a gulping back one's tears. Just 
about to cry, ready to cry; iffcoMa ailmin 
=' itkusUmin. itkuinen, itkukaa (itkenyt) 
with eyes red with crying; (herkkA itke- 
maan) easily moved to tears, tearful, lachry- 
mose, (etup.) lapsista:) crying at nothing, 
itkunllkoupistua convulsive weeping (1. sob- 
bing): fit of hysteria, hysterics, -eakainan 
. . mingled with tears; itkunamkmaaaa SM- 
nclfar with tears in one's voice, with a tear- 
ful voice. 
itkunsilmi: Hkuaiimin with tears in one's 
eyes, with tearful eyes, with eyes filled (1. 
swinuning) with tears, amid tears, crying, 
-silmiinan tearful -eyed, shedding tears, 
with eyes filled with (1. swimming in) 
tears, -viral wail, dirge, lamentation; keen, 
itaa self [minS itam (I) myself; ginM H— 
(you) yourself; h&n itam (he) himself, (she) 
herself; mm itam (we) ourselves; u it— 
(you) yourselves; hm Ham (they) them- 
selves]; «» mMioMsa actually, really, truly, 
in reality; as a matter of fact; ^ pasfcafv- 
ni for my (own) part, as far as I am con- 
cerned; ^ taoaaa 1. (— itse tyOssA) In the 
(very) act; 9. « its* asiaMa; itammmaM 
laottammton diffident, self-dlstrustful, not 
self-reliant, lacking confidence in o.s.; le- 
aamnaU awdkautwofm (\. awikm utu n ut ) incom- 
municative, reserved, silent; HammmaM iyy^ 
tyviUnmn self-satisfied, self-complacent; 
Uamkaaan by oneself, by itself; (esim. pu- 



— 143 



itMtoimiva 



hua) to oneself; (ykslkseen) alone; H—kS 
aims amn tmit (lid you do it yourself? Haaa- 
aSSn in itself; itmmatMSn Of (1. by) itself, 
spontaneously, (omasta alotteestaanX of 
one's own accord; HmmtWbt Uikkava self- 
moving', automatic (al); itamstSSn amiva 
self-evident, self-explaining, axiomatic 
[buom. my 6s: en HamatSMn amivMM, aHM . . 
It is a matter of course that . . , it groes 
witbout saying tbat . .] ; HaaatMn iaitmioa 
ks. itMtoimiva; hSbtmn HaanaU tahdan for 
his (1. her) own sake, in his (1. her) own 
interest: Mbi en '^ rahaOiayya (myOs:) be 
is the (very) soul of honor, be is the em- 
bodiment of honesty, he is honesty per- 
sonified; jo aa ajatna Haaaa&Sn an miaia- 
tSm (sellalsenaan) the idea itself (1. the 
very i4ea 1. the idea as such) is absurd; 
atma itaanai his own Self [huom. myOs: 
MEr ai oia anSMn ohm HaanaS be iS not him- 
self any more (1. any longer)]. 

ita»- (yhd.) self- [esim. -aihauttama self- 
caused, self-inflicted; "mrvoaiaiu self-criti- 
cism; 'kahunim self-praise; 'patoa self- 
deception], -halllnnoliinen self-governing, 
autonomous, -bailinto self-government; 
(valt.) autonomy, -hillitaemltkykv self- 
possession, command of one's self, self- 
command, -hyvilnan self-contented (1. 
-satisfied), self-complacent, vrt. ItMrakas. 
-katvatua training o.s. for life; self -train- 
ing, self -education, -kidutut self-torture; 
asceticism. -kialti(y)inyt self-denial; self- 
restraint. 

itaakkyya, Itaakkiiayya selfishness, egotism, 
e^ism; HaakMiayydaatM vapma free from 
^H^ri'.rine.-^, urii-eJnsTi. lUakkliiU Si^lflsbly. 
eiroiistiralty. 

Itaai kohta4n»n subjective; (mlcskohCAfncti) 
fitir^j.naU inflividual; (kiel.) reriexiVK*. 
-kohtaJi#atJ subjectively; poraonaily, -koh- 
uitMua i^ubjecllvity. 

it*aikuhin each one, everronc; (kukin koiv 
il4^l.<ian> each by blmseK; itamkiAin pHS- 
kSSn huMiivn itMm^taSn li^t every (I. eBCll) 
_^i^. .___^ utit luf Jiimseir; iiamkuttakin 
maiatM on vikanam we all have OUr faults, 
each of us has his faults, -kyllilnan self- 
sufficient, self-sufficing; myos » its*liy- 
vSlMB. -kviliityyt 1. -kyilyyt self-suffi- 
ciency; self-content. 

itMkla selfish [act. teko], self-seeking, 
egotistic, egoistic; hUn on hyvin ^ ihminan 
cmyAs:) be looks out for himself first, 
(Jkpv.) he looks out for number one. 

itaailinafli (loinen) cottager, dependent tenant. 

itaalluottamut self-confidence, self-reliance; 
itaatnattamnMhaan puuia (myOS:) self -dis- 
trust, diffidence; Haaluaitagnaata taynnM 
aUvm self-confident, self-reliant, -luovut- 
tava: Haaluapunava iaikkmtkona dropper. 
-muriui suicide, -murhaaja suicide; self- 
murderer, -murhalhalu 1. -kiihko suicidal 
mania, -murhayrltya attempt at (1. at- 
tempted) suicide, -mliriimlakyky ability 
to manage one's own affairs; ability to 
exercise self-control, -milriimlsolkaut 
^.-v- '— -;-o nrn^*^ rTTji affairs; (right 

itMma- fyiiiij self- UMm. -anutrtJn seir- 
iriKcisrii: -h^MfmkMirmnan self 'Coniempt: 
-mhrmmwfmntn s^jIf-sftefUlClng). -alantaml- 
nan ^3f tiijjniliatlDii (K -sl^a^emenM. -fti^i^ 
iftil^itlonK -autumln«n ^eir-htlp, ^tit- 
UJA 01 jf who supports hlm-seir -hiUlt»- 
mtit«n Utaehilllntftj 3*jir-iTonjjiian<1 (T. ron- 
imlP, "iiMf ro??:^e^sioft. -*Jumalofmln«n =cJf 
hliilifathiii. -k*humin«n ■-- iUeVebunCa. -ki- 
tfuitaja s^Jf-lorturer, a^ORtJr, -kiduiuml- 
n»« ^ ttulddutu** -kiaiUmya seJr ilbTiiaL 
sp I f - abnegation , vo 1 tint aty rem in r I at 1 1 >n . 



-p«ttiminan, -aillytytviattl ks. itM|p«tM, 
-slilytysvaisto. ^untamlnan, -iuntamaa 

knowledge of oneself, self-knowledge. -Mh- 
raavalauua, -uhraua self-sacrifice. -varJa- 
laminan = itsevarjelus. -voittaminen self- 
conquest. 

itaaniinan independent, self-dependent ; self - 
governed; (valtiot.) autonomous; (omape- 
rftinen) original [work, teos]; hUnaiU al 
oia yhtSUn Haanmata ajainata he has not 
one (1. not a single) idea of his own. Itta- 
niiaaati Independently, autonomously; tySa- 
kannaiia Haanaiaaati work without assist- 
ance, do independent (4. original) work, 
itaaniiatyi become independent, ittanil- 
ayya independence; autonomy, originality; 
vrt. itMBlinen. ItaanilayyapyrlnnAt striv- 
ings (1. efforts) toward independence (1. 
autonomy). 

ItaaHoikautattu (virkansa perusteella) by 
virtue of one's office, (lat.) ex officio; 
(luonnostaan) . . as a matter of course; 
han on itaaoikoataitu homitaan faaan he is 
a member of the committee by virtue of 
his office, -opitkeia (itsenftlnen oplskelu) 
self -instruct ion; itaaopiakaitm vartan for 
private study, -oppinut I. (a.) self-taught, 
self -educated. II. (s.) self-taught man. 
-ottama (self) assumed [name, niml]; 
usurped [right, oikeus]. 

liteHparilnen (alkuperftlnen) original; (itse- 
niinen) independent; (itsesyntylnen) spon- 
taneous; (filos.) self-existent, absolute. 
-pariityya spontaneity; (filos.) self -exist- 
ence, -patoa self-deception, self-delusion, 
-pintainan persistent [suitor, kosija] ; ob- 
stinate [disease, tautlj, stubborn [resist- 
ance, vastustus], headstrong; (helllttAmft- 
tOn) importunate; (sitkeil) pertinacious; 
vrt. itsaplineii. -pintaitatti persistently, 
obstinately, stubbornly, pertinaciously. 
-pintaisuua persistjence (1. -ency), obsti- 
nacy, stubbornness: pertinacity, -buhdit- 
tutkyky power to cleanse (1. purify) itself. 
-pualunua self-defence, -pilnen self- 
willed, wilful, wayward; headstrong [con- 
duct, kftytOs] ; dogged, obstinate; vrt. Itse- 
pintainea. -pilsatti wilfully, obstinately; 
(hellittftmfttta) pertinaciously, -pilsyya 
wilfulness, obstinacy, self-will; (olkulll- 
suus) waywardness, -rakas egotlstlc(al), 
conceited, self -satisfied, vain; (Itsektts) 
selfish; han on hyvin itaarakaa (mydS:) he 
Is very much In love with himself, -rak- 
kaaatl In a conceited manner, vainly, ego- 
tistically, -rakkaua self-love, (seir-)con- 
celt, self-importance, egotism, self-compla- 
cency, •^•avtuttaja one who practises self- 
abuse; (Iftftk.) onanist, masturbator. -aaat- 
tutua self -abuse; (Iftftk.) masturbation, 
onanism; hmrlottaa itaaaaaatatnata (myOs:) 
masturbate, -altova self -binding; itaaaitova 
laikkuukona (self-)binder. 

Itaettilnen spontaneous; vrt. its«oikeut«ttu. 

iitaatiingkftypft automatic, -palaminan spon- 
taneous combustion. -pItAvi conceited, 
self-satisfied; self-respecting, -aalvi self- 
evident, -ayttyvi self-igniting, -toimiva 
» itsetoimiva. 

itaaltyntyinan spontaneous, -tyttymlnen 
spontaneous combustion, -tiilytysvaisto 
(Instinct of) self-preservation. -sAAtAvi 
self -regulating; (mek.) self -ad lusting, -ta- 
Juinan (self-)consclous. -iladoton uncon- 
scious, -tiadottomaatl unconsciously, -tie- 
toinan self-conscious; self-assertive (1. -as- 
serting): self-determined; itaatiatoinan ta- 
ko conscious act(ion). -tiaiolsaati self- 
consciously; in a self-assertive manner. 
•4latolauat self -consciousness; self-asser- 
tion; (self-)determinatlon. -toimiva self- 



1U«tunto 



— 144 -— 



JaATiuiia 



i 



artlnp, aut()matir(al); itamtoimivm koh (\. 
laitm) automaton, -iunto seir-enteem, self- 
assertion. -VAIU autocracy, despotism. 
-YAltalnen (omavaltainen) arbitrary, des- 
potic; (yksinvaltainen) autocratic, sover- 
eign; itB€vaitainmn hallitaiia (myOs:) abso- 
lute ruler. -valtftitMti arbitrarily; despot- 
ically, autocratically. -valUituut arbitrari- 
ness, despotism; autocratic ways (1. rule). 
-vAltiaa autocrat, sovereign, -valtlut abso- 
lutism, despotism, autocracy. -vapj«lut 
self-preservation. 

itu shoot, (esim. penman) sprout; (itld) 
germ, -kalvo germinal (1. blastodermic) 
membrane. 

ia east; idHaaU in the east; idSMtS (pftin) 
from the east; idUMta pnhaltava myrsky a 
storm from the east, an easterly gale; 
itSUn'TpiUn) (to the) east [of, Jostakin], 
eastward(s); itMMn (pUin) menevitt junmi 
trains to the east (1. going east),eastbound 
trains; katu kulkmm idUstS ISnUmn the Street 
runs east and west; kmukaiamasa idiUaU in 
the Far East; tuuli on idiiM»d (L idamtH) 
the wind is (in the) east (I. from the east), 
it blows from the east. 

itA- (yhd.) east, eastern [calm. itH-AoMia 
Eastern Asia; itH-Enroppa Eastern Europe]. 
-•uroppaiainen East -European, -tfoottllal- 
nen I. (a.) Ostrogolhic. if. (s.) Ostrogoth, 
East-Goth. 

itAinen eastern; east; (idftnpuoieinen) east- 
erly [direction, suunta] ; '« naapuH the 
eastern neighbor, the neighbor to the east; 
^ oaa maata] the eastern part [of the 
country] ; rakennukamn -^ ahm the east (1. 
eastern) side (1. east wing) of the build- 
ing; tutsm itaiMetta maalta (raam.) the 
wise men from the East. 

lU-lntIa East Indies; ItH-lntian meritim pas- 
sage to the East Indies; liH-intian MoarUto 
the East -Indian Archipelago. itAintialain*n 
East Indian; (/)^ yhtiS the East-India 
Company. 

itAisin easternmost ; if tf^/mpAfitf farthest east. 

ItAllkaakkoinen east -southeast. -koiilln«n 
east -northeast. 

ilAliinen (Yhdysvaltain itfivaltioiden asukas) 
Easterner. 

itlmaalainen I. (a.) Eastern, Oriental. II. (s.) 
Oriental. lUmaat (the) Orient; (the) Le- 
vant; the Eastern lands. itAmain«n Eastern, 
Oriental; itihnainmn kyaymya the Eastern 
question; itSmainmn cofa the Crimean war; 
it&maiamt kimUt Oriental languages. 

ItAmeren-maakunnat the Baltic Provinces. 
ItAmerl the Baltic (Sea); ItSmmrmn kanppa 
the Baltic trade; ItUmmrmn aatama Baltic 
port. 

itAminen sprouting, germination. 

itAmisllaika time of germination, sprouting 
time, -kyky, -kykyityys power of ger- 
mination, capability to germinate, -kykyi- 
nen capable of sprouting, germinative. 

itlmitdn incapable of germination; sterile; 
^ vU^ grain that doesn't germinate; itu- 
mSttSm^t aimmenmt (huonot) poor seeds, 
(kokonaan) sterile seeds. 

ItAllota eastern part; itHoMOBaa Lontoota in 



East London: iiSoMaaaa Suoitica (myos:) 
in Eastern I'inland. -piiri the Eastern 
District. -p«hJa ks. kouUnen. -puoii east 
side; itSpuolmlla kaupnnkim in the eastern 
part of the city; kaupnngim iHipuoimUa (to 
the) east of the city. ->puolin«n — Idln- 

Kuoleinen. -pAA east end. -raja eastern 
oundary (line), -rannikko east shore (1. 
coast), -roomalainan: HHroomnimnmn kwitm- 
riktmia the Eastern (Roman) Empire, the 
Byzantine Empire, the Empire of the East, 
-tuuli east (1. easterly) wind. 

ItAvAlU Austria. iUvAltalalnan (a. & s.) 
Austrian. ItAvalta-Unkarl Austria- Hungary. 
ItAvalta-unkarilainen (a. & s.) Austro- 
Hungarian. 

iUvyya « itHmiskFlcT. lUvA germlnant; 
sprouting, growing; (ItAmlskykjrlnen) 
germinative. itAvAityya — itXmUkykr. 

itAA germinate, sprout; shoot; grow. 

itiinlpAin 1. -kltin to (1. towards) the east. 
eastward(S) ; HmiainmiatU itMMnpSin east Of 
(1. eastward from) Helslngfors. 

iva scorn, disdain, scoffdng), sneer; mock- 
ery; irony, satire; (pUkka) derision, ridi- 
cule; ifMifia with scorn, in derision, by way 
of mockery, sneerlngly; ivan /a pUkan mminm 
butt of ridicule, object of scorn (1. deri- 
sion) ; kohtal^n iva irony Of fate. 

ivaaja mocker, scoffer, sneerer; (kirjalli- 
nen) satirist; vrt. pilkkaaja* Ivaaminan 
mocking, scoffing, sneering. 

ivalhuuto Jeer, hoot; f^ukaatm ktndui ivm- 
kttutoh hooting (1. Jeering) was heard 
from the crowd, -hymy smile of scorn, 
sneer; ivmkymyUU with a sneer. 

ivaiilja satirist. iv«lila ks. ivata. ivallu 
scoffing; mockery; derision. 

ivakuva caricature. 

ivallinan scornful, disdainful, sneering, 
mocking, ironlc(al); (pilkalllnen) derisive, 
sarcastic [tone, ft&ni] ; ivMU^U aammUM in 
a scornful (I. a sarcastic) voice, in a sneer- 
ing tone (of voice) ; ivatUaia ktmtofm hoot- 
ing. Jeering. IvalllaaatI scornfully, sneer- 
lngly, ironically; sarcastically, ivaliiauua 
scorn (fulness), sarcasm, derision. 

fvalmukaliu parody [on a th., Jostakin]. 
-nauru derisive (1. scornful) laughter; 
parakaktaa ivmrumruun burst into a mock- 
ing laugh. 

Ivanatina butt of ridicule, object of scorn 
(I. derision). 

ivaHruno satire, -aana derisive word; gibe, 
scoff, taunt, sneer. 

ivata: <« fotakin [fotakuta] SCOm . . . 
spurn . . . scoff at . . , Jeer (1. gibe) at . .: 
(pilkata) ridicule . . , deride . . , mock (at) . . . 

iiinen eternal, everlasting; (kuolematon) 
immortal; vrt. ilminea. lilaaatl eternally, 
everlastingly, iiityyt eternity; everlasting - 
(ness). iiiayytkukka immortelle, everlast- 
ing (flower). 

iikAt aged; advanced In years, elderly. 

iinllikulnan everlasting, unending, unceas- 
ing, endless, never-ceasing (1. -ending); 
(vanhan vanha) very ancient, -ikuisatti 
eternally, everlastingly, forever. 

liti eternally, forever; ^ mum the same 
(yesterday, today and) forever. 



Ja and; ja niin •daapUin [tav. lyh.: J. n. e.] Jaakko James; Jake. Jaakob, Jaakoppi Jacob, 

and so forth, et cetera [tav. lyh.:etc.,&c.] ; Jaala (mer.) yawl. 

la amnvuokai (myOs:) wherefore; ia tiUna Jaappani, Jaappaniiainan ks. JapMl, japani- 

(rnyOs:) which; hUn istua la lukam he is lainan. 

sitting reading. Jaarli (hist.) earl. 

Jaa yes,(vanh.)yea; (ttfinestykslsstt:) aye. ay. JaariUlla prattle, cackle; prate; (I^rpOtelU) 



jMHtuiija 



— 115 



jAlanJiIki 



ctianer; SUt stinU iyhjiS imarittmlm don't 
uDe nonsense! JaArltulIJa prattler, chat- 
terer. JaaritUlu, Janritut Jabber, prattle; 
babble; chatter; tmrhaa iaaritnata idle talk, 
nonsense. 

JsAva Jara. JaavAlAlneii (a. k s.) Javanese. 

jMlta. jMskella distribute [prizes, palkln- 
tojaj, glre out; deal out; dispense; serve 
out [provisions, muonavaroja] ; '^ 01-00- 
mmis confer titles; '^ UkaM deal out (1. 
administer) blows; '^ kUmkylH give (1. is- 
sue) orders. 

jMttava (mat.) dividend. Jaettavuua divisi- 
biUty. 

»iMaH (elftint.) Jaguar, 
lui as soon as; (kun) when; (Jos vain) 
only, if only; '*' vain .. only when ... 

Jahti 1. — BMtolstyft, tiJEaa-aJo; S. (alus) 
yacht, -hauklui » ajohaukka. -koira ks. 
■MtsSstyakolra. -voutl (1. V.) leader of 
the hue and cry party. 

Jakaa divide [the spoils, saalis; an inherit- 
ance, perintO; into groups, irhmiln] ; share 
fan estate, pes&n omaisuusj; (osiin) por- 
tion (1. parcel) out; (Jaella) distribute, 
deal out; (ositella) apportion [one's time 
wisely, aikansa J&rkevftstl] ; (erottaa) sep- 
arate, part; (halkaista) split; '^ ainmo9iin»a 
ks. bajottaa; « (Joku luku) tdkufkilSihin- 
mM divide into (its; prime numbers; ^ 
Oi^Akkeet] arpomaUa allot [the shares]; ~ 
mmiaiaHn grade, graduate*. '^ (Hmrran) mh- 

foiUmtm administer the Holy Communion; 
-^ kahOm divide Into two equal parts, halve, 
(mlttausop.) bisect: ^ heshmnmin share (1. 
divide) between them (selves), (useam- 
masta kuin kahdesta puhuen:) share (1. 
divide) among them; ^^ kHstittiamMti divide 
rairly; ^ luokkUn classify, arrange in 
classes; '^ tnUtrMyksiS give (1. issue) or- 
ders; '^ oMf (nftytelmftssA) assign the 
parts; - MUn [maa y. m.] portion (1. 
parcel) out [a piece of land, etc.]; ^ 
[pelto] ptdmtoihln ks. paUtottaa; ^ pm»& 
pariUisaim distribute an estate among the 
heirs; ^ aana mri rivitlm divide a word at 
the end of the line; >« ty6 ptdvmUioUim 
divide the work among the servants; <« 
[huone] ptUa^inmUL divide fa room] In 
two with a partition, partition off [a 
room]; /oTa 3S 8:UM divide 35 by 5; /a«f- 
trnvisma oI«ini divisible; laaUn Jk«cJk«ii famt- 
tmornksi to be divided between (Jos useam- 
pla kuin kaksi: among) the children; paati 
ia^mmn koimamti pSMUaS the mail Is de- 
livered (1. distributed) three times a day, 
there are three deliveries (of mall) every 
day. 

JakawitiMi ^ Jakautua. Jakaantuminen di- 
vision: distribution; splitting. 

iftfcaja divider; (jalcelija) fXisitibuiorjuun) 

jaJ(«mat4>n unrlivttl^d: riol dL^tJ-lbiUPil; * 
%D4linp<H utJdiv^iliMt estate fif a ilGi^^ased 
jf,rr*jii>; "^ ntoit liufl ik»I J^arrpllUrft out. 

jikamlnttn dWIdln^ fupK partliEi>n, dlvlsinn 
U'lf^nk. laskyoii.k Ciakchi) dlstribiitioii; 
* (ooJUh^in rla^^incation; pamtin ^ ciistii- 
(HiiKrfn ri. deUverjJ of nmil^. 

jakau* (piirs^m) parting (I. division) {>r the 

rpur: (Jkpvl part; panna M. karrtmata) 
hittkmtt f^tkmtMkt*Um part rmf^'^ hair. 
jakautua h*y divjiied, divide; b** distributed; 
U'ftjta jn^^takim part, sseparatc; (iiaaraii- 
Itiaj tnanrh. kyfymyt /aAintfitu kotmwrn 
Aioof* lt>o qijfstt^m ;t*xoU>^ it^^'FT hdo 
Ihrr-*' Tn*i*H: miitiipit**t jtikautuuat Bwarvsli 
kymymykM*0n ndhdtn <i[iln|iHi j-^ \t'iy juuth 
diviil4'd ^1. iijdrihiTi> d|.n>r ifrt\-ui\) t>i\ tlie 
fpif'^tioij. jakautumaton triiitiiT^iiilv: undt- 
vidkldci jakayiumattomuui initlvi^lblUty. 



Jakautuva divisible: e<wan fakmutuva (ex- 
actly) divisible. Jakautuvaiauua divisibility. 

Jakaiija distributor, distributer. 

Jakalu dealing out, distribution; (kirjeiden) 
delivery; vrt. Jako; ampmnmoarolmn '^ giv- 
ing out of ammunition; arvnindan '^ con- 
ferring (1. bestowal) of titles; ptMdnfhn 
'^ distribution of prizes, presentation of 
medals; poafln ^ distribution (1. delivery) 
of mails. 

Jakkara (foot) stool; (pehmeft) hassock. 

Jako division, partition, parting; sharing; 
(Jakelu) distribution; mtddmn -^ parcelling 
(out) of lands; paikiniojmn ^ kS. Jakalu; 

EmrinnBn ^ partition (1. division) Of an in- 
eritance; p^tin '^ ks. Jakelu. 

Jakobilnl (hist.) Jacobln(e). 

Jakolnen dividable. divisible; <* kahdmlia 
divisible by two. 

-Jakoinan (yhd.) . .-parted, . .-partite [eslm. 
kmkmi'' two-parted, bipartite; kolmi^ 
three -parted, trl -partite] ; vrt.moni'«',nali~. 

JakoRkona dividing machine, -laaku divi- 
sion, -oauua (osinko) dividend, -p^ruaia 
basis (1. principle) of (1. for) division (1. 
classification). 

Jaksaa (kyetft) be able to . . (1. capable of 
..-ing); (olla voimia Johonkin) have 
strength enough to . . , (voida) can; (ter- 
veyden puolesta) do: (kestilft) bear, stand: 
(tulla toimeen) do (1. get along) with; ^ 
hahdatta mfriaUm prnvHmaa do With (1. get 
along with) two meals a day; an /oAm 
mnmmpiOL I can do no more, I cannot man- 
age any more, I can not go on any longer, 
(olen uuvuksissa) I am quite done up; an 
iakBamna&kmat&a (\. aimtSM) sitS 1 cannot bear 
(1. stand 1. endure) It any longer; an )«Jk»a 
kwmllm sinun iTajaai I haven't the patience 
to hear your prattle, I cannot stand your 
nonsense; mn fakaa odottaa etUUi I cannot 
stand waiting any more; an fakaa ukdd 
miiM (ei ole voimia) it is too much for my 
strength (I. for me), it is beyond my 
strength (1. me), (en kykene) I am quite 
unable to do it; joiUi kUn lakBm makMoa 
mita in case he is unable to pay it, in de- 
fault of payment; minkd (auinkin) jakman 
[I Will do] all in my power (1. all I can), 
(kaikin voimin) with (all my) might and 
main; miun lakaat how are you (getting 
along)? how do you do? pdka kauai, min- 
kM iakaoi the boy Shouted his loudest (1. 
with all his might), the boy shouted at 
the top of his voire (I. his lungs): yritti, 
minkd jakaoi tried as much as he cuuld. 
tried his hardest. 

Jakao succession, sequence; (sarja) series; 
(ajan-) period; (valhe) phase: (osa, osas- 
to) part, section; (Jaksolllsen kymmen- 
murtoluvun) repetend: '^ tapaturmia a 
series of accidents; katkmamaton '^ fotakin 
an unbroken series (1. chain I. sequence) 
of . .; kartomukamn anaimUinmn *- the first 
part (1. series) of the story; eaiMnafan -^ 
succession of events; toinmn ^ aatmlmitS 
second series (1. Issue 1. emission) of bills; 
yhfn iakaoon in (unbroken) succession, 
(keskeytym&ttft) without a break, without 
an Intermission, (yhteen menoon) at one 
sitting, at a stretch. 

Jakaoinen (yhd.) ks. moni«, yhtM^. 

Jakaolttain serially: (alan-) periodirally. 
Jakaolttalnen serial; (sMnn0111sls.sft ajan- 
Jaksoissa ilmenevft) periodical; vrt. seur. 
Jakaollinen serial; periodical; fakaollinan 
kymmanmurtoluku circulating decimal. 

Jakuuttl yakut. yakoot. 

Jalanllaia: jalanala maata a foot of land. 
-aiuata ks. Jalkapohja. -aatuja walker, pe- 
destrian; vrt. Jalankulkija. -Jilkl footprint. 



Jalankopkuin^n 



ue 



\ 



-kopkulnMi a foot bigh. -kulkIjA 1* -kiviii 
root-passengrer, traveler on root, pedestri- 
an, -petu washing of the feet, -eija foot- 
ing, foothold; mmn^ttSS yM jmlmnmijaa 
(kuv.) lose ground (inch by inch); smmda 
(\. voittma) imImnMiSaa get a foothold, gain 
a footing. 

Jalat (reen y. m.) runner; (kelnutuolln, 
kehdon y. m.) rocker, -hirel (raken.) 
summer. 

Jalaton footless; legless, without legs. 

Jalava eim. 

Jalka foot (myOs mlttana); (pOydin, tuolin 
y. m.) leg; (pikarin) stem; (lampun y. m.) 
stand; (penista) base; Arian on foot, afoot 
[esim. MMar faimn go on foot, (myOs:) 
walk]: ia/«f feet, legs; [istua] fmiat Hm- 
H99M [sit] cross-legged; /oUtmiim on, ks. 



pmxukm, v«tll; (Jonkun) kOkain fwaar—m 
[ivmr—n] at a p.'S feet; faihoihin kS. Jou- 
tua; IdMttmm ks. pysyl, ••Uoa; faioiUmmn 
ks. auttu, pttdota» plit»a; k^mgdt [hauMul, 
9ttkat] /otasM With one's shoes [trousers, 
stockings] on; kymmenmn /ofan korkuinmn 
ten feet (1. foot) high; impami hy6rMit jm- 
M—a (tiellft) the children get in the way 
(1. get under foot); olla [sodan. ruton] 
hioimaa be trampled upon by [war, pesti- 
lence] ; p9^diUsM on imI/A fmikaa the table 
has four legs, it is a four-legged table; 
vrt. kynttiUbi^. 

Jalka- (yhd.) foot- [esim. -hylpy foot-bath; 
'iaata foot-board; "Voima lOOt-power]. 
-harppi caliper-compasses, caliper, -hiki 
sweaty feet; hUnta vmvaa paha fmlkahiki 
he l9 troubled with sweaty feet (I. by his 
feet sweating too much). 

Jalkainen (yhd.) 1. ..-footed, with .. feet 
resim. kymmmn"^ with ten feet, ten- 
footed; nmli'*' four-footed; nop«a« fleet- 
footed], (tiet.) ..-pod [esim. kymmmn'*' 
decapod] : 2. (. . Jalan pituinen) . . feet 
long, . .-foot [esim. kymmmn^ mittanawtha 
a tape measure ten feet long, a ten -foot 
tape measure]. 

Jalkainpaeeminan washing (of) the feet. 

Jalkaisin on foot, afoot. 

JalkaRJakkara footstool. -kiyUvi (kadun) 
(foot-) pavement; (Amer.) sidewalk, walk; 
(Jalkapolku) footpath, patii. -iitu (rak.) 
base-molding; base(-board). -matka walk- 
ing (1. pedestrian) tour; tramp; (Jkpv.) 
hike, -miet (jalankiviJft) pedestrian; myOs 
= Jalkaaotamies. -mitta foot rule, -noja 
foot-rest; purchase (1. hold) for the foot; 
(Jalansija) foothold. 

Jalkapallo football. -kantU football -field. 
-kiipailu football game, -palaaja football- 
player, -pali football. 

JaikaHpatikka: ItdkapoUkaBaa on foot, afoot; 
kaikma JalkapatikoBaa travel on foot, (lelk.) 
ride (I. go on) Shank's horses; ma mmnimmm 
ainnm ialkapatihaama (myOs:) we footed it 
(there). -pohja sole (of one's foot) : (sttngyn) 
ks. JalkopiUL -puoli I. (a.) one-legged 
[man, mies]. 11. (s.) = JalkopKiL -puu(t) 
stocks; Ma [iatud] loihmptmamm be [sit] 
in the stocks, -pdyti instep; (anat.) meta- 
tarsus, -raudat ball and chain; (kahleet) 
fetters, shackles, -reiki (syslmiilun y. m.) 
draft -hole, draft, -rlnta -- jalkapiiytiL 
-sotamlat, -aetilaa, -soturi Infantryman, 
footsoldier. -tari the toes, -vaimo mis- 
tress; concubine, -varsi leg. 

Jalkaviki infantry; lalhavUmn kmnraali gen- 
eral of infantry; falkavSmn upaemri Infantry 
officer. -Joukko body of foot. 

Jaikeiiia, Jalkaliie: olla imtkelUa be up and 
aI)out (1. around), be on one's feet, be out 
of (the) bed, (liikkeellft) be on the go (1. 



move); pMSaiM imUimU0 be able to ba about 
(1. get up), get on one's feet. 

JaJkina: hdkimmmi footwear, boots and shoes. 
-kauppa shoe store, -kauppiaa boot and 
shoe dealer, shoe man. -iaoiiiauua shoe 
Industry. -4ydnUkiJI shoemaker; (tehtaas- 
sa) worker in a shoe- factory. 

Jalkio (mus.) pedal. 

jalkopli (myOS: ialfcalpaall, -paJbia): iroa- 
fn '^ foot Of the bed. 

Jalo noble [character, luonne], gentle; 
(metallelsta:) precious; (ylevA) sublime, 
exalted, elevated, lofty; (Jalomlelinen) 
generous; jbfaAnmoe aUmmi vital organs, 
vitals; [etslft] jbfompte kmfUnkMim [seek] 
more refined pleasures, [seek] amuse- 
ments of a more elevated character, -aat- 
talnan with noble thoughts; with high 
ideals, -haukka (elftint.) falcon. 

Jaloittain by the foot. 

Jalokivi precious stone; (hiottu) gem. Jewel, 
-koriata ornament set with gems, bejew- 
eled ornament. Jewel, -aappi lapidary; Jew- 
el (l)er. -cormua set ring, ring with a set: 
(timanttisormus) diamond ring, -tavara 
Jewelry. 

Jalolkuorlainan (elftint.) buprestid. -luon- 
toinan noble -hearted, high-souled, gener- 
ous, -luontoiauua noble-mindedness, gen- 
erosity, -fnatalii nrecious metal, -mia- 
linan noble-minded, generous; (ylevftmie- 
linen) magnanimous; (antelias) liberal, 
-mialiaaatl generously, magnanimously, 
liberally, -mialiayya noble-mindedness, 
generosity, magnanimity, liberality. 

JaJommuua: hibtmn ItAommuatanMa oii Ummi- 
nmn it was obvious that he was the nobler 
one (of the two). 

Jalopaura (leljona) lion; Jml^paurun kUa 
lion's mouth; iofopaaran fnola lion's den. 

Jalorotuinan thoroughbred [horse, hevonen] ; 
(ibmisistao born and bred. 

Jaloataa ennoble, refine, elevate; (rotua, 
hedelmftpuita y. m.) improve; cultivate; 
^ /otalrfn {raaka)miMtta refine; tieto '^ 
ihmita knowledge ennobles man, man Is 
elevated by knowledge. JaioataJa one who 
ennobles (1. refines 1. Improves Jne., vrt. 
Jaloataa). Jalottamaton unrefined [mate- 
rial, aine], raw; unimproved; common, 
mongrel [breed, rotu] ; unprepared; /aloe- 
fomofon hadmim^na a fruit-tree let grow 
wild. Jaloataminen ennobling; refining. 
Jaloaiava ennobling [effect, vaikutus], 
elevating; improving; ihrniatM Itdmrntaoa en- 
nobling to man. 

Jalosti nobly, generously; (ylevftmtellsesti) 
magnanimously; aUna hUn iaki ^ it was a 
noble deed (I. action 1. act) on his part. 

Jaloatua be(come) ennobled (1. elevated 1. 
refined 1. improved); vrt. Jaloataa. Jalot- 
tumaton ks. Jalostamaton. Jaloatunut en- 
nobled; refined; improved. 

Jalostus ennobling; refining, refinement; 
improvement; hmdalnUipuidmn ^ improve- 
ment of fruit-trees; kar)an -*> improve- 
ment of stock; paofi ^ preparation of 
wood (for different uses), -vaha (puu- 
tarh.) grafting-wax. 

Jaloatuttaa ks. Jalostaa. Jaioatuttamaton -= 
Jalostamaton. 

JaloRsukuinan of noble family (1. birth), 
noble, high-born; (arvonimissft:) honor- 
able, most illustrious, -aukuisuua noble 
birth (1. lineage), -sydiminan noble- 
hearted: high-minded; ks. Jalomiolinan. 
-aydimisyya « JalomialUrys. -ayntyinan 
nobly born, high-born. 

Jalotalia take exercise, (Jkpv.) stretch one's 
IBRS: (kftvell&) take a walk (1. a stroll), 
promenade (about). Jalottaiu exercise; 



— 147 



JtttkiM 



•irioc; (kively) walk, stroll, (terveydek- 
sl) constitutional. 

jalom nobleness; (Jalomielisyys) generosi- 
ty, magnanimity. 

laliM (mer.) sheet, -klvl base, socle, -nuora 
« Jaliu. 

Jalueta foot, base; (plenempl, eslm. lam- 
pun) stand; (suurempi) pedestal; (eslm. 
rUnUasin) stem; (alus, tukl) support, rest; 
(maanmlt. y. m.) tripod, legs. 

Jaluttin (selkisatulan) stimip; (-luu kor- 
vassa) stirrup -bone, stapes. 

Janfel (-runomltta) Iambus, iambic. 

Jami segment (of a line). 

>ankat« (kinastella) squabble [about. Josta- 
kln], bicker, wrangle; (nalkutella) na^; 
(ratkuttaa) barp [on 1. upon, Jotaklnj; 
^ ■■will mImt barp on one string, harp on 
the same theme; '^ vmtmmn answer back. 
iankkaamlnefli squabbling Jne., ks. Jankata. 
jMikkallUi ks. UsMtalla. Jankkaiiu - Id- 
aastelv. Jankkaua (kinastelu) squabble, 
bickering; (rlltely) wrangle; (nalkutus) 
nagging; (vatkutus) harping. 

Jankko subsoil. -«ura subsoil -plow, sub- 

ianJiuttaa (ailtuiseen lolstaa s&maa a^iaa) 
say again and again, hAtv (on one nxntw): 
(naueutiaa) nag; (EDarista, luinkua) both- 
er fone r©r .,, jMi^^ktiHc jo?itak(n], M^or- 
ry: vrt. jaskata. JanliutUminon har(ilrt^; 
tiagffmr: botherlnr^ Jankutu« t]iin>triK; 
(naJijutus) nagg-inf: (kiua^iciu) birkf*ri[i^. 

Jaiwtnkr^t: rkuolla] /an^on Itlie? of t^ll!^t; 
^Juoila] ituuMftma [drink] to allay nrK-^A 
Iliirst; mimmn aji '- I am thirsty; minulim 
(L mdmam) twdi iann I became (1. grew 1. 
got) thirsty. Janoava thirsty; (kuv. myOs:) 
eager; tfo«M hnomom thirsty (1. eager) 
after (1. for) knowledge. Janoinen thirst- 
ing, thirsty; dry; vrt. veraojanoinen. Ja- 
nolauua thlrst(iness). Janoomlnen thirst, 
thirsting; /onMn /aiMomJiian thirsting for 
a th. Janoovalnen thirsting, thirsty; kmUM 
jm mmmom U mi (raam.) all Who are athlrst. 
janotiMi make one thirsty, cause thirst; 
minmm jmn&itmm 1 am (1. feel) thirsty (1. 
dry) ; pmnnm Imnottamaan make . . thirsty. 
lanottamlnefli thirst (Iness). JanoU thirst 
[for 1. after, Jotakln], (run.) be athlrst. 

Jaoliinen divisible; vrt. taaan. Jaolllauua 
divisibility. Jaotto section, division. 

Jaotella divide [Into equal parts, yhtAsuu- 
riin osiin], distribute; separate; '^ looJk- 
Mja classify; '»' mmmpmUtoiMn parcel (out) 
a piece of land, divide a piece of land Into 
allotments. 

jaotMi indivUJble; (algeb. > iota g1 voida 
i^upmaa) irre4u€ft>1e, Jaottaa ks. faotelU. 
Javo4(*||i dlrlftjon; niMribuUon: <(^slm. 
m^An) aliDiment; aa-^nsiihialnen) apfK>r- 
Monmeni: (luoklUeJtJ) cla^^sinratton; (lo(f.) 
(Jirferentiaiton. Jaetunnuui inillvisiblUtr; 
irredurlbllJty. Jaotus - juttely. 

JifMni Jaran; impanin kUU Hh^) Jj|paiif?-e 
language), japanilalnen 1. U) Jatmni^'^e 
ra?'!* tai4e; p^pi'v, paper! ). IP {^.) Jajia- 
wsr, Ukpv.j Jftjj; iapuniittiMmt tiK' Japanese, 
ihp Jaiift, 

Japan I n | mari §<« a of J ap an . -vaha J 3p«n ( t- »t> ) 
wax. 

Jarru brake; (kuv. — hldastuttaja, este) 
drag, clog, check; mdiBtykm^n '^ a drag on 
progress, -ketjut drag -chain, -iaitoa brake 
(-contrivance), -miet brakeman. •^tanko 
brake-rod. -vaunu car with a brake. 

Jarruttaa apply the brakes [on, Jotakin], 
brake, put on the brakes; (kuv.) obstruct, 
be an obstruction (1. a clog) to . . , (vas- 
tiistaa) counteract, oppose: Mn on jarrut- 
he is (1. likes to be) 



always on the other (i. the contrary) side. 
Jarruttaja (kuv.) obstn^ctionist. JarruU*- 
minen »- Jarrutua. 

Jarrutus applsrlng of brakes, putting on the 
brakes, braking; (kuv.) obstructing, ob- 
struction, -fnerkki brake-signal, -poll- 
til k km obstructive policy; hmrhttaa hrm- 
tuapotitiikhma follow (1. pursue) an Ob- 
structive policy. 

Jasmllnl (kasv.) jasmine. Jessamine. Jaspia 
(-kivennftinen) Jasper. 

Jatkaa continue [growing, kasvamlstaan]! 
(pys&hdyksen Jilkeen) proceed (1. go on) 
[with one's work, ty^tAAn]; (valmiiksi- 
saannin alkomuksella) carry on, pursue, 
prosecute; keep up; (pident&&) lengthen 
[life, Ikftft], extend [the table by adding 
extra leaves, pOjrtftft lis&Iaudoilla: the time, 
aikaa], (ajasta puhuen:) prolong [the 
meeting, kokousta; the respite, lykkiystA], 
protract; (panna Jatkos) add a piece to . . , 
(tekn.) scarf; "^ mimmnpiUn go (1. pass) on, 
proceed; '*' hamotta lengthen a skirt; '*' 
itaepintaiaeMti htaUn persist in . .; '^ 
htakin [hltsaamalla, punomalla, saumaa- 
malla] lengthen a th. (1. add a piece to a 
th.) [by welding, by splicing, by scarfing] ; 
'*' ioppuun 9aakkm pursue (1. see through) 
to the end, carry on to a finish; '*' mat- 
kaainsa) proceed on one's Journey; "^ td' 
can afoeeamoa (Ja kesken heittAma&) tySta 
(myOs:) take up another's work; '^ tuHa* 
vuuita fonktm kanasa keep up an acquaint- 
ance with one; '^ vUvaa extend a line; 
Jatkaikaa) gO on! iaikmtaan (Sanomalehd.) 
to be continued; olon '*' matkani Hmiainkiin 
aaakkm (ulotuttaa) I am going to extend my 
trip as far as to Helsingfors (1. so as to 
include Helsingfors) ; mnnankun lUhdmrnme 
iatkamaan before we proceed (1. go on) any 
further; minS hihmin iukmmiata MtU, mi- 
kin ainS oiit lopmttanut I took Up the read- 
ing from where you (had) left off. Jatka- 
maton not continued, not exten^Ied, not 
prolonged. Jatkamlnen continuation; (vars. 
alkaan nihden:) continuance; extension, 
prolongation; (pidentftminen) lengthening; 
hokoukaan iaikaminan continuation (I. ex- 
tension) of the meeting; anvnn iathoMninan 
continuance (1. perpetuation) of the race. 

Jatkavalauua (fys.) Inertia. 

Jatke " Jatko. Jatkelnen (mat.) continuous. 
Jatkettu continued: prolonged [time of 
application, hakuaika], extended; (piden- 
netty) lengthened. 

Jatko continuation; sequel: (pidennys) ex- 
tension, (ajan) prolongation; (lisftys) ad- 
dition; vrt. Jatkaminen, Jatkos; )atkokai 
as a sequel; in continuation; (lisftykseksi) 
in addition; kirjm on iutkoa Mnan mkai^ 
aampman taokaaanaa the book is a sequel to 
his earlier work, -kouiu 1. -opiate contin- 
uation school, -kuraai continuation course. 
-luokat continuation classes. 

Jatkoa lengthening piece; (sauma) seam, 
(raken.) scarf, splice; (liitos) Joint, -kap- 
pale lengthening piece. 

Jatkua be continued, be carried on; (kes- 
tM) continue, last, keep (1. go) on; (pide- 
tA) be lengthened; (ufottua) stretch, ex- 
tend, run; *^ latkundatman (\, kaakayty- 
nUUtH) continue (1. keep on) uninterrupt- 
ed; ioa hanaim ikiU htknu if he is spared, 
if he be alive; katna latkuu lUrvaan aati 
the street runs (myOs: stretches, extends) 
down to the lake (1. as far as the lake); 
kaaknatalnn jaikuaaaa (myOs:) in the course 
of the conversation: mitan kauan iuwdatta 
tdm iatkuvan how long do you think this 
will last (1. go on): aadatta iaikud puoli- 
yl^Mn the rain continued (1. kept on) up 




'0 

-** 

' _^ M^M* •* j 

**»»• *ip^ Ifti**^ fi thrift trtt •i*,^!*^* »*-* 

• IVfi# <'jl ft(# «^ •«! il' iltT i f** »M '•fill.', 

«Mf^ fWtt #4# •«ii#f#««M jjmA ■*■■ rnt * 

$^v^' Ot^i i m^m t|#**if ^^t«1n *hitthmU 
f/i*^t^ Mil ^v,f«r Mn *«MB#« IfM^i *i«fr^i, 

U****^*'*^*^* liunnn-v imvh^mim ^tftimnt* 

f intihfi^tnulit •>i'i<n< •i^hiifit n^»iif 4ti'] nwnl 4 4 

|M/#i(t M ^^(+fN**P 'if tUuit *kuU Mm Iff' > 
iiHtf 'F MrjhM •Marl fifMiil II fUtur iIMn 

J#'tMm*lft*M IIM MlV Mollis FMIIIiartiMH 

J*iiK#r ififMtf n fPirn, ill U( rill M -ptjhkt 

Mir ilM«r Pillii IhMM h'MllK -flUU^O p'>i f lr||rr. 

friiff lOiH 'F + l'"^ rhml u\ IflM Mtlll, riiiKP 

fillet ^MHli rHlMlJll'r'MM lir'Ml ...tAltdfAfl 

Ifii'll (mil rbilH hut MpMtr ti^it •««Uii« 

jiMdnHtiH Hmiii, >«i4i|Mh|n DnMI iM'^^tl t«>U 

'^I'l JitiMHimiftiM t nnw. ^iomiMiivm' 

'«IMt ll t<M^4h>Hi^M JhuIkiUiiji hH 

Uu.tki\ nvi Au-l\ Ik iMLfit MpiiMHW>i!t 

''Mil ijniti Jiiii<tuur* JiitilM*H*mlti»ri, 

ill Hue I ilui UM^ ) t >i><^ til iiniMiioi 

••«i»i l*rnu^ /•««if%iffi Af^iln^Mii ntm**M*i 



J ,t 4 =^»5- 

»r« r.- :r .-.1 'ji*. 

J^CtUW lL§. jifclllM 

jMUllHMrA bnatii 4L fork) of a riYer. fork 
of a ftrem. -9«r<k)kan dMrinr of ttie 
riTer-bcd- ri u sbore of a rtrcr; (iyrts) 
nrer bank. -««« moatli of a riTer; Oaaja. 
»ainalla merenlaliti) estaaiy- 

jolHui = im; '-' myt (kaukaoa sUtt) far be it 
from me, (ei suinkaan) by no means; (to- 
dellakfn) really? you donn say (so)? ^ 
nyt fMmkin (wby,) you dont say so! well 
of all thinfTM! that's tbe last thlnr 1 ever 
PXl>erted to hear; '^ nyt humu m im (kmmiuu), 
" nyt valimn how strangle! you don't say 
fHo)! iA that possible! ^ MimS otmt amn 
nUhnyt why, you have seen it already. 

Johan John. Johanna Joan, Johanna. Johan- 
nat John: Johannmkamn mpmnhmliami the 
(ioHjiel of (I. according to) John: Johan- 
nmkamn ilmmatym the Revelation of John: 
J0hmnnmhamn ImipHpun carob-tree. carob: 
Johannma Kaatajm John the Baptist. 

Johdaka (mus.) prelude, introduction. Joh- 
dannalnan I. (a.) derived, derivative. II. 
(H.) (Kiel.) derivative. JohdanU (Johto) 
loading*, direction, guidance: leadership: 
management, conduct; (Jostakin Johtami- 
non) derivation. Johdanto introduction: 
preamble; vrt. ••ipuhe; ibhdannokai as an 
(1. by way of) introduction. 

Jahdattaa lead, conduct [water from « 
iipring, vetta IfthteestA; into, Johonkin]; 



— 149 — 



JohtopUtAs 



(opastaa) irulde; (neuvoa) direct; vrt. 

joktaa; '^ hiummakMm^n lead . . Into tempta- 
tion; ^ Jotakln jonkun mtimimmn remind 
one of a tb., put one in mmd of . .; '*' 
■ratseoMwc call (back) to (one*s) mind, 
recoUect. jolidatua (Jobdattaminen) lead- 
inr. guldlnff; (fys.) conduction; (jobto) 
conduct; leadersbip; (objaus)^ guidance; 
(iLlrjan) mtroduction; (sanan y. m. Job- 
danto) derivation. 
Jolid« guidance, direction; (vaikutin) mo- 
tive; (veteen ulottuva aita) fence (1. line 
fence) extending down mto the water; 
hhi—kMi for one*s guidance; vrt. 



j«Smuiv« open to mnuence (1. guidance) ; 
(ballituva) governable; Mipo^H '« (\, hh- 
dttmPiMsm oimvm) easily led, tractable. Joh- 
d«Uavuua quality of being (easily) led. 

joMonlmukainefli logical [writer, kirjottaja; 
result, tulos]; consistent [answer, vas- 
tans]. -aiuk«la«nt«i bring into consisten- 
cy [wltb, Jonkm kanssa], make consistent. 
-oiukaiMaii logically; consistently, -mii- 
kmlMiua logicalness; logic; consistency. 

jolidos (mat.) derivative. 

JoMocU: hMn '^ in consequence of, on 
account of, because of, owing to: (Jobon- 
kin nibden) concerning, as to, in refer- 
ence to, bearing upon; h u omm utuk amn ^ 
Mymiyi kmskuBtmiua (myOs:) tbe remark 
gave rise to (a) discussion; amn ^ attU .. 
owing to tbe fact that ..; tSmSn -^ on 
account of tbis; (myOs:) bearing upon 
tbis; (t&mAn ybteydessA) in tbis connection. 

joMoton witbout guidance (1. leadersbip). 
unguided; ungovemed; (langaton) wire- 
less. 

johonkin somewhere; to some place or 
otber; (Joidenkln veii)len ybteydessA:) 
for something [esim. koinfmim ^ be good 
for somethmg]. 

Johtaa lead [a cblM hy Mm liann. laata kn- 
ile^iii; an expedition, r^tklkuniaa^, be 
(iri€'j l^ttdi^p of . .', poiiduoi [ln*ai, lampfiS: 
electricity, sAbkrtA; »n *>rchestra. orkesie- 
rta; a 8lege, VJiJrltystAj; (suunnaiai ilirerl 
the attack, ny6kkiystA: a p/s anention 
It*, jtjriKiin biiomiota jononkin]: (saauaa, 
viedii) bring-, lake [to, jobonkln]: (joiakm 
jo^takiiij deduce [rme*s de^ceni from, hu- 
kup^rtnsA JoMaktii], derive [a word from, 
juku saiia jo»takin], trace [one'» orlg^ln 
ibirkj tit (I. *>tie*A deifitcnt from), al- 
kunsa josiaktn] : (ohjata, opa,staa) g-uUIe, 
ptEot. »t(»r: (komentaa) command, be In 
command of; (halltia) jrovem. control; 
<Dtla r^iunenis^ft) be at the head of [an 
enterprisen Jotftkin yrJtystft], head: (tioh 
taa, vaJvoa) supeHniund rihe dlffB-Ing- of a 
rariaL kanav^ kaivatusta] . manap:e fa 
bUJilnes». hikett&h ^ aUtuptrHntM j^tttkin 
deflvi* Us oripto from: - harhaan re fid 
a.*lraoi* <L away), mislead, mlsjfiUCle; *- }t>* 
hM^kia lead to, <mydi:> lead into, loati nn 
to. (anua aiUetta Johonkln) srivR rise to, 
tirifii? on. C4USI*, occasion Ihviom, myos: 

tMmM ooimi — ihmitti uthomaan, mttk . , 

4 4^aaiJa. ^aAttaa) thl$ mi»t!it make (iHopI^ 
i\, »#'a/l people 10) believe tliat * J : - kna- 
nm ku^nmitiin ks, lihittu (kaASujohto) : ^ 
ktMamuA hnkia wn«#n ytt ^kf^pi.l pEi^? |rH.4 
fjvep a 5iib3tance: — Jotakln Jonkun mi*- 
Umtt 6\r^i one'a mind upon, call one's at- 
lantion lo, sufrg^est, lAkkjaj prompt [eslm. 
tMmtM MH hSn*n mititmn*^ afaittk«*n th\3 
suggested an idea to IilniH tins nmmpied 
lillli with (1. gave him) Xhe Ideaii ; - poii 
]ea4 away n. off), drain (Uhe Mi^ater rromi 
th« m^dow. veil nlJiyltA], turn off. ai* 
veri [i p^'A alteotloh from, loakuh hiaomlo 



jostakin]; «» Jokin puhmakn broach a sub- 
ject, turn the conversation into a certain 
channel; " pukatta (yl.) be (the) spokes- 
man [for, Jonkun puolesta], (tolmia pu- 
heenjobtajana) occupy (1. be in) the chair, 
preside [at(l.in) a meeting, kokouksessa.' ; 
'^ puUmn ks. saattaa (pulaan); ~ toiammn 
aum i f— n turn [a conversation, keskustelu] 
in another direction; (esim. Jonkun huo- 
mio) divert; ^ fWMl superintend the 
work, (etenk. tilapiisestl) be in charge of 
tbe work; '*' omttS putknim (\. pntkia 
mydimn) conduct water by pipes; -^ Jota- 
kln yrityta direct (1. be at tbe head of) 
an enterprise, conduct an undertaking, 
(etenk. tilapftisesti) be in charge of an en- 
terprise; mntaa hnkun « itamUSn suffer (1. 
allow) o.s. to be led (1. guided 1. governed 
1. controlled) by a p., be led by one; kUn 
«l kminm mntaa « itamMSn he is not willing 
to be guided, he would not submit to be 
led (1. managed); mikin tMmM kaikki '^ 
(vie) what will all this bring us to? what 
will come of all tbis? what will be the 
consequence (1. the end) of all this? sattu- 
ma hkti niin fate (1. chance) would have 
it so; Ha hkti maidSt mata&n iSpi (vet) 
the way led (I. took) us through a wood. 

Johtaja leader; director; (esim. orkesterin, 
myOs sibkOn y. m.) conductor: (lllkkeen 
y. m.) manager; (ylin tyOnjobtaJa) super- 
intendent; (koulun y. m.) principal; (ko- 
mentaja) commander; jalkapattojoakkummn 
^ captain of a football team; orkaatmrin 
^ (myOs:) director of an orchestra; /on- 
kun ioktajana aliaaaa under a p.'s leader- 
ship. JohUJantoimi leadership, director- 
ship; position of (1. as a) director (I. prin- 
cipal I. manager); (Johto) direction, man- 
agement. JohtaJatap (woman) superin- 
tendent (1. manager); (woman) principal; 
(sairaalan tai hyvftntekevftisyyslaltoksen) 
matron. Johtaminen leading; conducting; 
directing; supermtendlng; (iftnunOn, sfth- 
kOn y. m.) conduction, transmission; (Jon- 
kin Jostakin Jobtaminen) deriving, deriva- 
tion, deduction; vrt. Johtaa. Johtava lead- 
ing, conducting Jne., vrt. johtaa; Joktava 
Mrhiua (pftftkirjotus) leading article, leader. 

Johto 1. lead (etenk. urbeiluissa,sotav. jne.); 
leadersbip, direction; (lllkkeen y. m.) con- 
duct, management, charge; (opastus) guid- 
ance; (Jonkin Jobtaminen Jostakin) deri- 
vation, deduction; 2. (tlehye, putkljohto) 
conduit, passage; (etenk. vett& varten) 
duct [vrt. kmssu^, vest'*]; (lankajohto) 
line, (conducting) wire; Jonkin lokdclla 
guided by (the directions of) a th., follow- 
ing a th.; $anktm iokdoUa under the direc- 
tion (1. guidance 1. leadership) of ..; cUa 
aaiain jakdoaaa have Charge of the affairs; 
ottaa aaiain '^ MlaiinaU assume the leader- 
ship, assume the charge of affairs, take 
the reins in one's (own) band, take bold 

of (the) matters; sen /oAcfosfa ks. johdosta. 

Johtoflaaama leading position, leadership. 
-kunu (esim. Jonkin yhtiOn) board of di- 
rectors, the directors; (klrkon, hyvfinleke- 
vftisyyslaltoksen y. m.) board of trustees; 
Jkeafnn joktokunta school board: Jonkin 
ykdiatykaan faktokunta the executive com- 
mittee of a society, -kyky executive abili- 
ty, ability for (1. power of) leadership; 
(fys.) power of conducting, ability to con- 
duct, conductivity, -kykylnen (fys.) con- 
ductive, -kykvlayya (fys.) conductivity. 
-langaton ks. Ungaton. -ianka (conduct- 
ing) wire; line; (kuv.) guide; clue; vrt. 
talutuanoora. -mlea leading man, leader. 
-putki (conduit- )plpe, conduit, -piiu 
(kiel.) suffix, affix. -pIAtAa conclusion. 



JohtMUnta 



— 150 — 



J^o 



lnferenr«»; rioflr.) deduction; (seuraus) 
ronjM^queiire. ••iiiitd regulations, rules. 
Ifiilnirtion^. -torvl <» Jsbtopiatfci, -4ibt1 

i^ktikt ftnmie. o. tru^) reststanr*?. -vuotA 
^itihJi.) c?!<^eth«r leskapre. 

JoMaa (slh^utua) he cauBcd (1. oci:ai(Joried> 
[by, J, iTiUJp, ariM rfroTHjostakin] : ifl-iie 
(fmm * ,1, i>« due fl. owing:) to: foUi pe- 
riliim) hn derived [trom, J09ta]tmj, be 
dmlut't-d; hri tracetl harK to; f^amda al- 
kun^a) oTirlnale [ID, Josiaktnj. proceed 
[Irom ..]j (oim fteuriuKsena) follow, en- 
IU6. b<< a con^^quRnce of, rn^^uil; M&nkaa 
mymen, saiikOftttt puTnien:) lie conducted; 
» /ftnAtin ml*U#n ccirne (nU> one's mi nil. 
orrur to r»ne, vri. )ttpUht4A; '•^ MwttfMtti fot- 
t^ift i m vo!* ; I be rlesrly / 1 . ev l[l*^nt ly > from . ; 
mistU jahtaa ^»>, €ttM , . how <1. why) \< 
n that . .7 «ana /«AHii] f^finavra tTl« WOrcl 
IS rt« rived fL comrs?) from Lailn; tanirn 
tittttttwt mitt4 9* /o^fvc1 r\\ tPlI you thO 
rMftion <wby;, iJJftf lahtati, *Hii ,, llTcn'^> 
II fuHuu^ UiAl , . . jobtumlr^an being caused 
(1. occasioned) [by . .] ; arising; issuing; 
derivation; originating; vrt. Johtua; €aian 
mimUmni lohinminmn the fact tbat the mat- 
ter came into my mind (1. occurred to 
me). Johtunut ks. aiheutunat. Johtuva: 
ioatakin fof^tuva arising from . . , growing 
out of . . , resulting from . . , due (1. ow- 
ing) to . . [eslm. matkoBta hhtuomt ktu- 
tannuksmt expenses arising from (1. grow- 
ing) out of the trip] ; vrt. aiheutova. 

Joka I. (Indef. pron., tpm.) every, each; 
(kalkkl) all; ~ ainoa 1. (a.) each [day^pftl- 
vai , every (single) : 2.(s.) everyone [of them, 
helsta], each (one), (Jokalnen) everybody, 
every man; -^ ikinmn 1. (a.) every single; 
». (s.) every single one, every (single) soul, 
(Jkpv.) every mother's son [of them, heis- 
tft]; <« mj«c mukman let nobody Stay be- 
hind, let us all go together, let us go In a 
body; "^ p^kaaaa, paihatta everywhere, 
(Joskus:) anywhere [huom. myOs: hain 
aha Joka paikaata I looked for it every 
place (1. everywhere)], vrt. kaikkUlla; -• 
puoMlm on every side, on all sides; '*' pSI- 
vd every day: '^ tapankaaaaa at all events, 
at any rate; In any case; (tuli mltft tahan- 
sa) come what may; ^ tavMa in every 
way; — toinan every other, every two; 
alternate; <« toinan p&ivU every other day, 
every two days, on alternate days; -* *©•- 
fi«fi viihho every two weeks, every other 
week, every (1. once a) fortnight. II. 
(relat. pron.) which; (henkllOlstft:) who; 
(yl.) that; [uselssa tapaukslssa el laka Sa- 
naa suoranaisestl enslnkftlln kftftnnetft eng- 
lannlnklelelle, kuten eslm. lauselssa: aaa. 
Iota hdytataan . . the weapon used . . ; 
lokainan, joka kSaittUii tdmUn, voi . . any- 
body (1. anyone) seeing this will be able 
to . . ; klrla, fonka kUn ndntdla antoi the 
book he gave me] ; '*' on mySakin minun 
miallpitaani .. which is also my opin- 
ion.. ; fokon to which, (Jonne) where; 
iolla, joiha to Whom, for whom, to which; 
/off a, joilta from whom, from which; /on- 
ka, loidan whose, . . Of which; §oaaa in 
Which, (paikasta:) where; loata of whom; 



na, foidan vaivattiamuiana on tbose wbose 
duty it is; na, joika . . those wbo . . \ aa 
[. .], loka . . (henkildlsM:) he (1. the man) 
who . . , whoever . . , (eslnelstt Ja aslois- 
ta:) that . . which . . , the . . which. 

Jokal-AfkainM every-day [coat, takki], 
workadur. -Ii«tkiii«ii hourly. 

Jokalnan I. <a.) every; (kukin) each; (kaik- 
ki) ail; '^ IMman every member, ill mon- 
bers. II. (s.) every one, each one; (kalkkl) 
all; '»» Mm . . every (1. each) one who . . 
jokaiaaUa maUiM om amat pikamam we 
all (1. all of us) hare our fanlts, each of 
us (1. every one bf us) has bU faults. 

Jok'alnoa ks. Joka (alaoa). 

Joka|kMiln«ii every summer's; recurring 
each summer; kdn on maaOlM lakahmaMmmn 
viaraa, he is our guest every suimner. 
-pllviinen every-day [event, tapahtuma; 
use. kftyttntO] ; (pftlvitt&inen) dd^ [wortc, 
tyOj; (tavallinen) usual, common; cur- 
rent; (kulunut, ylemen) commonplace, 
trite; (yksltoikkoinen) humdrum, monot- 
onous; iokmpaivmnan iakti daily (paper); 
fokapMiuSiaaaaa puhaaaam in erery-day 
speech, in familiar language (1. conversa- 
tion), COUoquiaUy; kmm lokmoKomamtiM 
oidmiUtM a picture from every-day life, an 
every-day (1. familiar) scene. -iMiviiayya 
conm)onplace(s) ; triteness; (yksltoikkoi- 
suus) monotony; na otfmi Joka^vSi' 
ayykaiS tlUUm those are daily occur- 
rences here, -talvlnen every (1. each) 
winter's . . ; recurring each winter, -viik- 
koinen weekly; i okm vUk koinan lakH weekly 
(paper), -vuotinen yearly; (vuotuinen) 
annual; /o*ai^M«jfi«n OmU annual occur- 
rence, (tlet.) phenomenon recurring year 
by year, phenomenon of annual recur- 
rence; /o/kotfueelnefi piaraa annual guest. 

Jokellua (lapsen) babbling, babble; baby- 
prattle. Jokeltaa babble; (llosU) crow. Jo- 
keitamlnen babbling. 

Joki river; (pieni) stream; vrt. virta; |o«fi 
varraUa on (1. along) the river; |o«n aon 
river's mouth [huom. eslm Aaiv Aura 
river, the river Aura; Rainin '^ the (river) 
Rhine, Rhine river]. 

Jokigaiue basin (of a river), river-basin, 
-aiua river-craft (my63 koll.) 

Jok'Iklnen (a. k. s.) ks. Joka (IUbmi). 

Jokiliaakao valley of a river, river-valley; 
rlver-basln. -Hike river-traffic, traffic 
along the river. 

Jokln I. (a.) some; any; foiaaakin arhuaaU- 
car tapaakaiaaa in some (1. certain) speci- 
fied cases; Jaitakin (myOs:) a few; fokaiUn 
aikaa (h ajakai) for a time, for some time; 
for a period; temporarily; lotttMn kainoin 
O. tavoin) Somehow (1. in some way) or 
other; by any possibility; fo^akin tMrkoMta 
(myOs:) something of importance, an im- 
portant point; onJko ainuila §oiakin aanotta" 
uaa(l. aanomiata) have you anjrthlng to say ? 
Is there anything you want to sayT II. 
(subst. pron.) something; (kysyvissi lau- 
selssa) anything; kdn Jboitfol jotaUn, mikS 
nMytti olavan .. he carried what seemed 
to be . . ; Itndavat olavanaa /efoMfi they 
think themselves to be somebody (1. some- 
bodies), they think themselves something 
great. 

JokiDuoma river-bed. -varal riverside; (Jo- 
kitty rfts) river bank; hkivmraaia along the 
banks of rivers, on riversides; kuikaa (pit" 
Mn) iokivartta travel along a river, follow 
a river, -veal river-water, -iyrllinan 
(conunon European) crayfish, -iyria bank 
of a river, rlver(-)bank. 



of which, whereof; from which, (palk- 
kaa:) wherefrom; whence; Jota, Joita 
whom, which, vrt. hakus.; fotka kaikki 
(henkllOlstft:) all of whom, who all of 
them, (eslneisttt Ja asiolsta:) all (of) 
which, which all: ioeJka molammat (h Jbom- 

pikin) both of whom, who both; nUaa, Joa- 

ta pakuita the man of whom you are Joko 1. (l^syvissa lauselssa:) already: ^ 
■peaking, the mto you are ipeikliig of; iiyt now ilreidyT ^^ afni efet mmiaf yMa 



JokoiMn 



— 16i 



JoUkulnkIn 



are you up already? are you up this ear- 
ly? 9. MJbo . . , tm(kka) . . either . . or . . ; 
(aust. ehdoll. lauseissa:) whether . . , or . . : 
/■Jb* (mUfJ tmhd0nm»m tai mnune whether 
we will It or not. Jokohan : /oAoAon hUn on 
firffaf I wonder, whether he has come al- 
ready (I. if he has already come) 7 

JokMMikin, Jokaikin ks. Jotakirinfcln. 

joku 1. (s.) somebody, some one, one of . . ; 
(kysyrlssA Ja epiilevlssft lauseissa:) any- 
body, anyone; '^ kopnttaa [oveen] there 
ts somebody knocking* (1. somebody 
knocks) [at the door], there is a knock [at 
the door J ; ^ enf«« somebody is coming; 
fmnkwin om iMytynyt otUm minnn hatimti 
some one must have taken my hat; Jonkun 
pmfUtm ofi tUytynyt am trnhdU one Of the 
boys must have done it; fatkut some, some 
people; ha ^ nyt tvUmi if anybody should 
come now; ha ^ talata .. if any one of 
yoo ... If. (a.) some; (kys3rv. 1. epftilev. 
lauseissa:) any; /on/hm karran once in a 
w^hile, (Joskus) sometimes, (Joitakin ker- 
toja) a few times; hnktm matkan pWiaaS 
at some distance, at a distance; h^kut 
hmrvmt (a) few [of them.heistA] ; vrt.Joldn. 

JOkURMl a few, some; '*' doUari rahaa taa- 
kuaam (with) a few dollars in his pocket. 

ioltain«n the like of which; « USntM, aattmi' 
jmh rmmU like master, like servant; aaliai- 
jmh . . , hOmiman . . SUCh . . as . . . 

»M ao8 ei) If not; unless. 
Mn when; (jonka tapahtuessa) whereat, 
at which; at which time. In doing which; 
'^ ktaOmin sometimes, at times; once in a 
while; (sllloin UllOin) occasionally, now 
and then. 

JolppI: pa3mm '^ Stripling (of a boy). 

ioltin«n(kin) (melkolnen) tolerable, pass- 
able; (kohtalalnen) reasonable, fair; 
(Jkpv.) pretty; (jonkunlalnen) a certain; 
hiHnmtUdn nMMi considerable quantity; 
hiHjamUmUn varwmmdaUm With a reasonable 
certainty, fairly certain, pretty sure; mm- 
tU h^Haimkim rokkautta requires a certain 
(amount of) boldness. JoltiaMtl(kin) tol- 
erably; reasonably, fairly. 

J omBiaiii#n — JoUaiaen. Jommolnenkln — 

Jomoitaa ache, pain; kmrnprnHani -^ my teeth 
ache (a little), my teeth are bothering me. 

Jompikumpi I. (a.) either, one or the other; 
i»iiwlf«*iiniinylfii ptaaiatta on one Side or 
the other, on either side. II. (s.) either 



one, one of the two. one or the other; ^ 
maaiatM either one of us, one of us two. 
one or the other of us. 

jontarainen ^ Jotl«liieii. 

Jotikin ar^oinflii <4 sumo value i of some 
Urif'ortanci* a, cf.u^i^r]m^\iri}), -joutava m- 
teriy ij!n?le«*; of ivo monn^nt, nonsensical; 
j^uhual fonkmiaati^vm lalkl nori-sense, 
*Aalnmn s*nnie (L a) kind fiT, of some sort; 
(<'r^ifttilAln*>n> ni?rUm: my^a = Joltioenkln^ 
h* hnkintmntn ev^ry possible: all iiions 
H, kinds) of; kvtdin Im ionkinlmsta i 
he^rd tuts and ttiat, I hearO all «or(^ r,r 
things. Vrl, jatikunlunan. -molri«n f^t 
•Ofne ^iiK KOo<t'^U6d; (rneTkolnen) con^ 
SIderabte. fairly great: (jotiklnialnpn) 
•mne <iort of; vrt. Jaltiii«nklA. -tap«tn«n 
■-^ jdfkkinlalovii. 

j«n|tuntlatn«n £ome, <M)m6 kind {]. sort) of. 
of some sort: (erahnUln(^n) certain; /on- 

kmtktimtm tmrkattut an iarpmmit iU^lieCUdJi 

or aomt son La needed (L nec««i?ary) : ^oc 

ammtn fc^ei^ lankattkamifaitta apua If t get 
my hell' at all: «< t«Jb«« hnkaniaiMmn vai- 

kvtvk»mn U makfi^ Enwe, Jmt>r4?^sion, 
lerUnlalMn) tt makes a certain Imprea- 
llon< -vtrpan tomewhit; (Joiiikln mai- 



rin) in some measure (1. degree), to some 
(1. to a certain) extent. 

Jonne(kka) where, whereto; whither; Iran- 
punki, ^ ha aiicat manoaaa the town they 
were going to. 

Jonninjoutava ks. Jonldnjoutava. 

Jono row, range; train; file, rank, string; 
(rivi) line; (Jakso) succession; sequence; 
(ketju) chain; (sarja) series; '^ ahp^i^lfi 
line of carriages; '^ amumakam row of 
houses; '■^ (rtmtmiia)vmamh ^^^^^ Of cars; 
[seisoa] hnaaaa [stand] in a file (1. line 
1. row) ; maraaia paHUMUn pltkSaaM /mbm- 
aa march (In) Indian file, go Indian file. 

Joonianl-merl Ionian Sea. -aaaret Ionian 
islands. 

Jooaof, Jooaeppi Joseph; (Jkpv.) Joe. 

Jopa 1. (huudahduksissa:) there, why; 2. 
(vielftpft) even; -^ kMn viimainkin tulilhere, 
he came at last; -^ nyt htaUn what do 1 
hear! you don't say so! is that possible! 
'*' nyt iandtdt lohonkin now you are in a 
pretty (I. a nice) fix, you are in for it 
now; ^ nyt kununia pukut Why, that can't 
be possible! « aattni [vihdoinkin] there, 
it (was a) hit [at last], no miss this time; 
"*' (nyt) fHdantalit there, that was a lie; 
there, you lied now; an anna aitS ainulta, 
~ attu muUla (saatlkka) I wouldn't give 
it to you, much less to others; I wouldn't 
let you have it, much less anybody else; 
aina, '^ MuMn you, and even he. 

Jordan: Jordanin oirta the River Jordan. 

Joa if; suppose (1. supposing) that; (siini 
tapauksessa, ettA . .) in case . . . provided 
that . .; ^ adaa if even [esim. ^ adaa 
aUioinkaan If even then; hdnaUM ai oia 
kwdn 20, /oc adaa aitakdSn he has not more 
than SO, if even that (much)]; '^ ai If 
not, unless; ^ hMn (mllloin mlkln) some- 
times this, sometimes that; now one 
(thing), now another; (kalkenlalnen) all 
sorts of. divers, miscellaneous; '^ htt^hin 
tavoin (kaikln tavoin) In every way (pos- 
sible), in every possible way; '^ htakin 
all sorts of things, divers things, odds and 
ends, sundries, this and that; '^ kokta 
even If; (valkkakin) even though, (al)- 
though; "^ kainkakin however, no matter 
how; '^ mitan nwnta kartaa times with- 
out number, time and again, times and 
times; '*' cain If only, if once; provided 
that . . . Joakaan: h^kam ai even if (1. 
even though) not, although not. Joakin 
even if, even though, although; (vanh. & 
run.) albeit. Joako whether; h»ka Ua 
(= ehkft) may be, perhaps; possibly. 

Joakua sometimes, at times; {'*' tulevaisuu- 
dessa) some time (or other); (sllloin t&l- 
idln) now and then; once in a while, (sa- 
tunnalsesti) occasionally; '^ kun some 
time when, when; '^ ttdavaianudaaaa Some 
time in the future. Joskuakaan: hy»a knn- 
Han makaaiai aan ioakuakaan it Is all right. 
If I get it some time; it is a good thing, if 
I ever get it. 

Joapa if; (vaikka) even though, although; 
(kentles) may be, perhaps; '*' kMn ai enfl- 
aikaan What If he Should not come; maybe 
he won't come at all; I hope he won't come; 
~ Min pian ttdiai may he come soon, I 
wish he would come soon ; oi h»pa . . oh. 
that ..! , *«- , 

Josaakin somewhere: (in) some place (or 
other); (kysyv. Ja ehdoll. lauseissa:) any- 
where 

JoU: -* . . , aiti . . the . . the . .; - pikam- 
min aitM parampi the sooner the better. 
Jotain, JoUkIn ks. Joldii. 

Jotakuinkln (melko) tolerably, fairly, mod- 
erately, pretty; quite [Important, tlrkeA] ; 



JoUvatloin 



1SS — 



JoutiorkMUrl 



rather; (Jonkun vernn) somewhat; (Mes- 
klnkertaii»eii) mtddlinfr well dune, hyvin 
tebtyj; (Jossakin niMrin) in some degree; 
^ hyvim fairly (1. tolerably) well; <• rma- 
htdiiMia mikmm a somewhat peaceful time; 
'« pmikmm(a) fairly (1. rather I. somewhat) 
difficult. 

Jouvattoin while; (kun taas) whereas. 

joun (jonka kautti) by which, through 
which, by means of which; (Jonka Tuoksi) 
therefore, accordingly, so, wherefore, for 
which reason, on account of which; (Jos- 
kus:) thua; (niin etU) so that. 

Jot«ii(aa)kin 1. ks. Jotalnrfnlrin; 2. (JoUakin 
tavalla) in some way (1. manner), by 
some means, somehow; (tavaUa tai tolsella) 
in some way or other, by some means or 
other; 3. (melkein. suunnilleen) well-nigh, 
nearly, almost; "^ tmrmmwU with reasonable 
certainty; on i^immkin vmrmma, •tta .. it 
is fairly (1. pretty) certain that ... Jo- 
t«nkut«il == Joteakfai, 2; onhan bUM twUtu 
toimmmn i^imtdhgtmn well, we hare Just 
been able to make a go of it; well, we have 
been getting along Just so-so. 

Joiu (in order) that, so that, in order to. 

jouamtM hasten [the coming of peace, 
rauhan tuloa], hurry; accelerate; (kiireh- 
tii) quicken [one's pace, askeliaan] ; push 
on [the work, tyOti] ; (hoputtaa) press on, 
urge on, speed [one's horse, hevostaan] ; 
'^ tmUman MrfmUM hurry on with build- 
ing (1. hurry on the building of) one's 
house, (koettaa saada) try to get one's 
house finished; mdm '^ kmavtMiMtmitm the 
ram forces the vegetation. Joadutlaminen 
» Jaudutiu. Jouauttautua hurry, make 
haste. Joudutua hastening, acceleration; 
quickening; vrt. hoputtaminen. 

Jouhl horsehair; fauhmi horsehair. 

Jouhi- (ybd.) (Joubisu tehty) hair [esim. 
'pmUm hair shirt; -pmifm hair mattress; -«l- 
MfUfi hair brush]; (Joskus:) horsehair - 
[esim. 'tmato horsehair- worm] . -kangaa 
haircloth. -kvart«ui string quartet. 

Jouhlmainen like horsehair. 

Jouhilmalo (myOs:) hairworm, gordius. 
-orkMtarl string orchestra, -allma (on- 
gen) hair line, -aoltln ks. JouslsoltiB. -aor- 
aa (eliint.) pintail (duck). -tAyhtA horse- 
hair plume, horsetalL 

Joukkio company; (Joukko. sakkl) crowd, 
horde, band, (etenk. rikoksenteklJOit&) 
gang, pack, crew; (Jkpv.) lot, set; (mAftrft) 
mass, quantity, bulk; (kasa) heap; vrt. 
Jouklni«. 

Joukko crowd, multitude, lot; (ihmlsift tai 
ainetta) mass; (etenk. Jftrjestynyt) body, 
(varsink. ryOstOretkellft tai sotaJ alalia ole- 
va) band [of soldiers, sotamtehift; (kuiten- 
kin myds: kmnnaitmki'^ band Of followers) ] , 
troop [of children, lapsia] ; (suuri ^) host; 
(lauma) flock, pack; (parvi) swarm; bevy; 
(ryhmi) cluster, clump, group; (sakkl) 
gang, crew, set; (seura) company; (luku- 
maarft) number (s), great deal; (mftftrft) 
quantity, bulk; (kasa) heap; vrt. Joukkne; 
'^ tatonpoihia a number (J&rJestynyt: a 
body) of peasants, (esim. ryostOretkelle 
Ifthtenyt) a band of peasants; iooMoon 
among (St), with [esim. kaulaa (joidenkin) 
ieoMoofi belong (1. be) among . . , (myOs:) 
belong to . .; iuettiin knoUeitten foakkoon 
was numbered with (1. counted among) 
the dead] ; ionkoUa In the bulk, en masse, 
(miehissa) in a body, (lukuislna) in great 
(1. large) numbers [huom. kmikU /ooltolla 
(all) in a body, in full force, (Joka mies) 
to a man]; ioukon jatkona to swell the 
number; Mnkmsaa among(st) [huom. 
m9ld§n imA—mtnmt (myOt:) amidst US, 



(keskuudessamme) in the midst of us, in 
our midst; MUtmn t—si^iua /owfco w cU 
mySMkim . . his works Included also . .] ; trnw- 
k&Btm from the crowd, (Joidenkln Joukosta) 
from among .., (Joskus:) among . . [huom. 
esim. jouimUa kaadwd iamkmttmjm Jeering 
was heard from the crowd; •tan tni9kiM 
t^idan MukoMtmmnm HI take (1. choose) 
men from among you (1. from your rinks) ; 
yk9i hmidSn i9uko€tmtm one Of (1. among) 
them] ; (suuret) fmokpt the multitude, the 
masses; nmrfcM /•oJMsmi in great (I. 
large) numbers* in crowds. In hosts, (suu- 
rissa miftrissA) in great quantities; vrt. 
roska'-', rosro-', aota^, vMIri'*' y. m. 

Joukkoladpoaai monster petition, petition 
with thousands of signatures; vrt. seur. 
-anomua petition en masse, monster peti- 
tion, -kokoua mass meeting, -kunta troop, 
band; (Joukkio) crowd, gang, crew, (Jkpv.) 
lot, set; (ryhm&kunU) clique, -liiko mass 
movement, -miolofioootut mass (I. mon- 
ster) demonstration, -murha wholesale 
murder (1. slaughter); (verisauna) mas- 
sacre, -^opimua collective agreement, 
-surma massacre. 

Joukkuo troop, body; (seurue) company; 
(rikos-) band, gang; (urh.) team. 

JoukonJatko: htditihikokai to swell the 
number; olla foukomhakona (be there to) 
•swell the number. 

Joukooaa, Joukotta ks. Jonkko. 

Jouko(i)ttaln in great numbers. In hosts. In 
masses; (tavarasta y. m.) in great quanti- 
ties (1. lots); (tukuttain) wholesale; <« ik- 
ndaid scores (1. hosts) of people. 

Jouiu Christmas (lyh. Joskus: Xmas); /oo- 
luksi for (1. by) Christmas; /oofoiM at 
Christmas; ioofnn mikmm Chri3tmas(-time). 
Yule-tide; mmai [viimm] fmtdMum next [last] 
Christmas; kmoMkma Mtdnm Merry Christ- 
mas! vimttMM /oaftniM kafmm Spend (one's) 
Christmas at home. 

Joulu- (yhd.) Christmas [esim. — ffo (mrist- 
mas eve; -IvikmUu Christmas publication; 
'kirkaUmu Christmas literature; -piapM 
Christmas day], -liu Christmas night. 
-Jahia Christmas (festivities); MtduiukU 
IMkmnmm (the time for) Christmas (festivi- 
ties) is drawing near, -kokkorit 1. -koatlt 
Christmas party (1. feast), -kiiraot Christ- 
mas rush; mmiOa ^n (pmrmOlaan) fmdnkU- 
rmmt we are busy with preparations (1. we 
are getting ready) for Christmas, we are 
in the midst of the Christmas rush, -kinkku 
Christmas ham. -kuu December, -kuual 
Christmas tree; hnlnkmumn koriMtukami 
decorations for the Christmas tree, -lalija 
Christmas present (1. gift), Christmas box. 
•loikki Christmas game, -loma Christmas 
vacation; iotdtdamattm on one's Christmas 
vacation. 

Jouiunlalka Christmas(-time), Yuletlde. 
-pyhat Christmas (holidays); fmdwmpyhinM 
during Christmas holidays, -viotto cele- 
bration of Christmas. Christmas celebration. 

JouiuOniytioiy Christmas display, -pukkl 
Santa Claus; Saint Nicholas (1. Nick). 
-puuro Christmas pudding. -plIvA Christ- 
mas day; (o(fi«fi h^upSiva the day (1. the 
first week-day) after Christmas (day), 
(Engl.) boxing day. -touhu ks. JoulokiirMt. 
-tunnoima Christmas spirit; Christmas at- 
mosphere. 

JouaoniJAnno bowstring. -kAyttd (mus.) 
bowing, -veto stroke of the bow. 

Jousi bow (myOs viulun y. m.); (-pjrssy) 
crossbow; (ponnln, Joustin) spring; vrt, 
kaari; '«' /a fiaof«e bow and arrows. 

Jouailkvartaiti (mus.) string qutrt6t(to). 
-miaa archer, bowman, •^pkattarl ttrtnir 



JomlpfMf 



— 153 — 



jOttilHl 



orchestra, -pytsy crossbow. -«oitin string- 
ed Instrument, bow -instrument, -waaka 
sprmg -balance, -vaaara spring -hammer. 
-4aa spring- -tooth barrow. 

Jouataa spring, be elastic, be springy, be 
resilient. Jouatamaton inelastic. Jouatava 
elastic, sprmgy, resilient (kaikki myOs 
kuT.). JouaUvaatI elastically, resiliently; 
kSomttSL ioastaMMti walk with an elastic (1. 
a ^ringy) step. Jouauvuua elasticity, re- 
silience; sprlng(iness); aniaa {mnmnmUUk^ 
fommtmmutta make imore] elastic, lend 
tmore] elasticity to. (kuv.) tone up; mim- 
f«« 3mu»tmvwuim (myOs:) buoyancy of the 
mind. 

Jousiimaton sprlngless. Jouatin spring. Jout- 
tinnauha elastic (band 1. ribbon). Jouato- 
aoliva sofa with wrings. 

Jotttaa (ehtU) have time, find time; (voida) 
can, be able [to do a th.] ; (oUa vapaa 1. 
joutilas) be Tree, be at leisure, be disen- 
gaged; (olla omiaan) be fit for; /onfaafto 
tSmS JUr#c svnafta patMui pmriksi COUld 
you spare (1. would you be able to lend 
me) this book for a day or two? /onfaafto 
iSmM tuoii hmtkmkMi do you need (1. may I 
take 1. could you spare) this chair for a 
few minutes? m jbmfc tnimmatm tMna iitm- 
fM I cannot 9P&re (1. take 1. afford 1. find) 
the time to come to-night; an i^adm [sii- 
hen] HUitatti I am too busy [to do that] ; 
kmmm^t mMtt i^adm the rooms are engaged 
(1. are not vacant); hSn '^ mUm ruahoMam 
mli i u ffj I vnn (certainly) let him alone, he 
will be at peace as far as 1 am concerned; 
/tf* iovdnt ir you can rind iLme^ If you have 
nt>U>iii^ e!.lse on hand; » ~ /fidt'dfi poiM It 
may hf. Jefl out U. he oniltled): *• ji^atmti 
poiMttttmmkti <tlnian nnmta) tlmt c^iulil l)^^ 
lefi out (wiihout iloinir any hantiK 

Joutava I, (a.) (turha, EiyadytOn) Idle [time, 
allta: rears, peIKo: talk, puhe], useles^^-y 
[trouble, vulva 3, vain; (tarpeeton) unnec 
HA^iikry, iieedJ eS!$: (111k a, lilkanaJnen) su 
perriuona [Jiaate, kllre] ; (turhanalhalnen. 
miiAiiju) pal try » petty [stniAlJble. rilla i . 
nybjanpaivtinen) tUiiity |lalk, pulie] ; <vti- 
mpltCiin^n) trifhUK i matter, asla J ; (arvo 
tonV worttJJefJs; (perusteeton) baseless? 
(accuaatiQn, syytds], groundJeiiis: (jota 11 
man tuiiaifi toltneen) dispensable, that can 
be spared; (iiassunatltainen) silly, vrt, jou- 
tilaa; -- mmm trifle, hajcBtftll*^. trunip^.-ry. 
triviaJ affair, ui^re notlim!>ir; - ^rita* 
omply talk, idR' chEtttirT, ^of^slj) f^uiattaa 

tfifcoa f- JoTJtoaikaa) iessur<^ Ulmen idkn. 
Apare> limo; jpntav^n kitMtiM needlessly 
vluse, stingy; iitutvimn pUni trirUne-, trivl 
al, paltry, tiny; /aafat^^aji pikkummntn 
mean, petty: ionlavan puiten K^. turturti 
pailen); ittutap^t *yyt iijillry reasons. 11. 
{&.) nonsense; niDtri^li; /ootmvia rubbish' 
biunbuir^ dotvt ten me! (jkpvj oh^ wt^t 

OUll vrt. puliua, mum; jonkin faatouaa 
nonsense; miiA if^utaifaMta stuff and nou 
f4iTL5e! fiddlestick >$! wmtU f^utaitim no mat- 
ter! never mind! I would not borrow any 
tr^itible U. t wouldnt x^iorry) abfjtjt 
ihai; I M'oukuri (let myself) be troubled 
(t. worried} ab<HU t!iat: £!^ muutu 
l^atmffmMtm don't g-et aug^ry for n. over) 
northing <i. for 5uch a paltry ibinK L ovm 
auch a Irlfle), JouUVftnaikalnan, ^pliv^i- 
nafi ks. turiualaikaifiea, *pKivlUiien. jouta- 
iritua ne^lessnes^, superfluity, idlsnefts 
{jouiava aata) trifle. paltr>' tinng'. bae^a 
1*^1 le; (p5ty) nonsense p rubtjisli. 
jDiftsn unentraged, dl^enR-^M-ed; ikriyttamkt 
U» unused; <vapaanal free, at leisure; 
( loimet torn roa) Idle, inwilve; (lyiJltamlnaj 
oui of worM; «ll« "^ be Idla, ba domg nutb- 



ing, (tyOttOmftni) be out of work, be out 
of occupation [esim. Mn on k^ionm -^ he 
is home idle (I. doing nothing)]; vrt. Jou- 
tUaa. Joutanolo (Joutenoloalka) free time, 
leisure (time); (toimettomuus) idleness; 
inactivity. Joutaaaa [/oaf«aM|irf, -ai. -naa 
Jne.] in one^s idle hours, during one^s lei- 
sure time. 

Joutilaiauua «= joutanolo. 

Joutiiaa (vapaa) free, at leisure; (Joka ei ole 
mihlnkiftn sidottu) unengaged, disengaged; 
(toimeton) idle, inactive; (tyOtOn) out of 
work, uneinployed; (tyhjft) unoccupied 
[chair, tuoUJ, vacant; ^ mam waste land; 
milm faatOmmnm be unemployed, be out of 
work; be doing nothing [huom. hUn 
mi ol« mnOMnkaan fauHUuma (myOS:) he is 
always occupied (1. busy), he never has 
any time off; /m ol«f MutUmmnm if you 
have nothing else on hand]. 

Joutolaika free time, leisure (time), spare 
time; time off; omko abnUa yktSdn icnrto- 
oUmm have you any time to spare (1. any 
spare time)? -hatkl leisure hour, spare 
(1. free) moment; /oaeo^aeJUn^nf in (i. 
during) my leisure hours, -maa (Joutilas) 
waste land; (viljelykseen kelpaamaton) ir- 
reclaimable land, -miaa a man with no oc- 
cupation (1. out of work), unemployed. 
-pydri (koneessa) loose pulley (1. sheave). 
-piivl day off; (patveluav&en) day out. 
-vlii(ko holiday- week, vacation -week, -vlki 
Idlers. 

Joutaan swan, -laulu swan-song, -untava 
swan's-down, swan-down. 

JouUI - JottsL -miaa (t&ht.) the Archer, 
Sagittarius. 

Joutua 1. (johonkln) get into [difficulties, 
pulaan], fall into [a trap, ansaan; posses- 
sion of, Jonkun omaksi: one's hands, Jon- 
kun k&sUn], come into [contact, kosketuk- 
seen], come in; become involved [in 
trouble, rettelOlhin] ; meet with [the same 
fate, saman kohtalon alaiseksi], chance, 
encounter; (sattua) happen [to see, nftke- 
m&An]; incur [debt, velkaan], contract; 
sustain, suffer: (yll&tt&m&llft) be overtaken 
by; S. (ehtlA, Joutaa) have time, find time; 
(tulla valmiiksi) get ready; (saapua ajois- 
sa) arrive in time; 3. (tulla) come [to suf- 
fer, kftrsimftftn; to see, n&kemftftn], fall 
[victim to, Jonkin uhriksi], become [in- 
volved, tekemislin]; (saapua) reach [his 
ears, h&nen korviinsa]; (l&hetil, Ifthestyft) 
draw near, come on, be at hand; (menn&) 
go [down, hunningolle], get [out of 
(working) order, epftkuntoonl; (pft&tyft) 
land, lodge, end; (tulla ajetuksi, pakote- 
tuksl) be driven to [despair, epfttoivoon], 
be made (1. put.) to [do a th., tekemftftn 
Jotakin]; (langeU JoUekuUe) go to [the 
heirs, perlllisiUe], fall to. lapse to; 4. (ku- 
lua) pass (away), go on; (hftipyft, kadota) 
disappear, vanish; 5. (kilrehtla) make 
haste, hasten, hurry: ft. (kypsyi, tuleentua) 
ripen, mature; /Mtaoftan. fanduppaa make 
haste! hurry up! ^ aaltojmn poltaan fall in- 
to the water, fall in, (hukkua) find a v^atery 
grave, be drowned; ^ ahtamiU (\, ahdin- 
koon) get into Straits, get Into a (sad) 
scrape, get Into difficulties [huom. Mnon 
/•offOToe ahtaalU (myOs, Jkpv.) he is in for 
it], vrt. ^ pulaan; ^ Jonkin alaiamkai be 
subjected to, come (1. get) in for, be(come) 
open (1. exposed) to, become an object of. 
meet with, suffer [eslm. <« maman kohtalon 
aiaiaahai suffer (I. meet with) the same 
fate; huom. c« kohtalo, hnka aimiamhai ah- 
dotuB Joutui (myOs:) the fate which befell 
the proposition] ; <« ^ttUkai iolfcMn be- 
(come) exposed (1. subjected) to, vrt. 



Joutua 



~ 154 — 



JOUtUA 



edell.; '*' ansaan ks. mennK; '*' eksykBiin 
vet lost (I. astray), «•<» astray, lose cue's 
way, vrt. eksyK; ~ •l&kh99lU be placed on 
the retired list; ~ epaitykmeen become 
suspicious, come to doubt, begrin to doubt 
(1. to waver 1. to vacillate); '^ €piikuntoon 
(my5s:) get out of grear, (esim. nermosto) 
be(come) derangred. (vatsa y. m.) bc(conie) 
upset, be put jnto disorder, go wrong; — 
epMlnulonaiaigekgi fall into suspicion [for. 
Jostakin], come under a cloud (of suspi- 
cion), be suspected; ~ •pSmopttun jonkun 
kan9sa fall out (1. have a falling out) with 
one; '*' epUacpunn ketkenUSn ks. riitaan- 
tua; ~ ep^aoMoon fall (1. get) into dis- 
favor (1. into disgrace), be disgraced; ^ 
epatoivoon sink (1. fall) into despair, be- 
come desperate, give up all hope; ^ «rtl- 
leen ioMtakin become separated from, be- 
come (1. get) detached from; ~ •rilUen 
toisUtaan become separated (from each 
other), drift apart; **' [naurun, pilkan] 
eBineekMi be subjected to [ridicule, scorn], 
become the object (I. the butt) of [ridi- 
cule], become an object of [scorn]; ^ 
hamkBirikkoon be (1. get) Shipwrecked, be 
wrecked; ~ haitiolhifua go Into ecstasies 
(1. an ecstasy) , be(come) exalted, (innostua) 
become Inspired, become highly enthusias- 
tic; ~ harh«Mn 1. harhateilte go (1. be led) 
astray, get on the wrong track; -^ MrBi- 
puuhun (\. hirteen) end (1. land) on the 
gallows, be strung up [for. Jostakin]; '^ 
hukkaan get (1. be) lost fhuom. minnlta 
joutui hattuni hukkaan (menetin) I lost 
my hat1 ; '^ hunningolU ks. hunninko; ~ 
huonoille i&liilU go wrong, get on the 
wrong track, go to the bad. come to 
grief; ~ hdmille^n become (1. grow) em- 
barrassed (1. disconcerted 1. abashed), (se- 
kalsin) become (1. get 1. grow) confused; 
~ hUmmannykBiin become (1. get 1. grow) 
confused (1. perplexed), become discon- 
certed, be put out of countenance; '^ hH- 
peMiin be put to Sham