Skip to main content

Full text of "Supplement no. 1 to edition B of the MacDonald genealogy. Containing records of the descendants of Jesse Peter, one of the pioneer settlers near Mackville, Washington County, Kentucky; together with a few remarks on the early history of the Peter family, and whatever other information of value concerning this branch of the name could be collected up to Feb. 25, 1880"

See other formats





3 1833 01331 6457 


Edition B of the MacDonald Genealogy. 




One of the Pioneer Settlers near Mackville, Washington County, 
Kentucky ; 


(ri)c (C.trip 5.)istorp of tl)c peter tHimilp, 

Ami whatever other Inkokmation of Value concerning this Branch of the Name 


Comjlilti) anb (fbittb bl) 

FRANK V. McDonald , a.b., 


CfOJ^ CL Bniucroiti) PrreB. 





This memorial of the Peter family I affectionately dedicate to its 
oldest surviving member, my grandmother, Martha Shepard McDonald, on 
her seventy-ninth birthday, as a slight testimonial of the esteem, veneration, 
and love in which her long, pure, and noble life is held by her children, her 
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated friends. For us, in these 
^ changing times, to have ever present a living example of so many, so con- 
)* stant, and so great virtues, reproaches us in our moments of despondency and 
despair, inspires us with confidence in the beauty and richness of life, and 
makes us all feel that thus to live, and in such Christian faith calmly to 
meet the ills of this world and expectantly await the joys of the other, with 
an eternal youth in our heart and a sublime peace in our souls, is the 
only true solution of our career here below, and the surest promise of 
eternal bliss hereafter. May this dear soul be spared to us for yet many 
^^v^ years; and when, in the course of time, she is called from us, as called 
we all must be, may her noble influence, like other bright things, never 
die, but live fresh and potent in the memory of her offspring ! 

' A/i me! fuU sorefy is my heart f in torn 
To think how modest ivorih iiet^lected ties." 



THE early history of the Peter family has, I regret to say, been nearly lost ; 
and, from the time we pass beyond the life of Jesse Peter, the few records 
that have been handed down are far from forming a connected story. They are, 
in fact, so frequently interwoven with legendary reports that it is difficult to dis- 
tinguish where the fable ends and the truth begins. At the same time, there is 
undoubtedly enough left to enable a careful and patient worker to reconstruct 
the whole genealogy of this worthy line of our ancestry ; and I hope that some 
of the descendants with historical tastes will turn their attention to these ques- 
tions and fill up the blank spaces which intersperse so largely the narrative I have 
to submit. 

In the following pages I have not attempted to notice many of the numerous 
traditions from which the missing facts must be drawn, because to mention such 
reports and not discuss them in full would produce needless confusion. I have 
aimed to collect only the main and best authenticated statements, and to join 
them together in such a way that others, following after me, may have reliable 
guide-posts along the path of their labors. 

I have desired, in particular, to show the cause of our immigration to this coun- 
try, and in what general line of investigation we must seek for the more detailed 
events that have now passed from the memory of the later descendants. 

The motive, as we are all aware, which induced our Peter forefathers to cross 
the Atlantic, was to devote their lives and efforts to the establishing of Methodism ; 
and consequently their whole history must be sought for in connection with the 
rise and growth of that church. They were among the first to herald its tidings 
in this country ; and, in the promotion of its interests, they labored and died ; 
but, since nothing more than the most general record of that denomination's early 
days has ever been gathered or published, it is no easy task to trace the labors of 
any of that larger band of less-noted names, who have found as yet no historian 
to chronicle their little grains of seed which they planted with the sweat of their 
brows in every civilized part of our country ; and which they nursed, and prayed 
over, and tenderly watched, until now their plants have grown to be one of the 
most vigorous and wonderful groves of Christian workers the world has ever 

But there are ways, a few of which I shall refer to later, of following the lives 
of many of those early missionaries, if time, means, and patience be used ; and, 
in the hope that such will be forthcoming, from some one, in our case, and that suc- 
cess will crown the attempt, I pass on, for the present, to a general consideration 
of the part borne by our Peter ancestors in starting the glorious religious work. 

.'\nd here, for the sake of fixing the probable time and movements of the indi- 
vidual in the army of toilers, it will be necessary to review brierty the origin and 


development of Methodism, and to trj- and detect, as far as possible with our limited 
knowledge of the facts, when and where our ancestors became identified with this 
cause, entered into it for a life pursuit, and enlisted in its ranks for America ; and 
to discover, also, whatever else we can bearing on their history both before and 
after reaching this country. 

The Methodist Church, as we all know, is one of the churches which have 
drawn gradually away from the English or Episcopal creed until, by their numer- 
ous and radical changes, they reveal scarcely a trace of connection with the 
mother-stem. Its founder was John Wesley, who was born in 1703, who studied in 
Oxford, became a Fellow of Lincoln College there, and was ordained as deacon in 
1725. From his youth he felt a call to a special field of religious work; and, 
although it was not until after his death, in 1791, that the form of his mission as- 
sumed a definite and a harmoniously working shape, yet already in 1729, we find 
him joining with his brother and fifteen Oxford students in a close and penetrating 
study of the Bible, accompanied with a zealous searching on his part for the best 
means of making public the cause he felt to be striving for utterance within 
him. The somewhat retired and exclusive ways of these very religious young 
men created for them the nickname of " Methodists," in derision of their 
" methodical " ways ; which epithet they willingly adopted afterwards, as an indica- 
tion of those " who lead a life according to the methods laid down in the Bible," 
and which designation has now passed to the most flourishing and enthusiastic 
church in the new continent. 

The original intention of Wesley and his associates was, it seems, nothing more 
than to introduce a number of reforms into the Established Church, or, at the out- 
side limits, to found a branch with all the essential points the same, and differing 
only in many of the details. In this, however, as in most other alterations of old 
and set institutions, it was soon found that the pulling out of one brick after another 
toppled ov^r the whole structure, and made it necessary to build up from the 
foundations a new and totally different edifice, which revealed only here and 
there in some of its parts and materials the connection it once had with the 
more ancient and, in the estimation of many, "antiquated" temple. And thus it 
has happened that, the breach once made^, the two churches grew so widely apart, 
and are only in late years again nearing each other in the steps that they take in 
common with all live religious organizations toward a broad, general view of man's 
moral obligations, from which each sect is to differ only in a few minor respects. 

To return to the efforts of Wesley, we find that his first reception by the people 
was cool and unfruitful. Not until the powerful aid of George Whitefield had 
been enlisted did Methodism begin to attract general notice. In the meanwhile, 
Wesley had been away on a very eccentric converting expedition to the settlers 
and Indians of Georgia, where he remained from 1735 to 1738, and, on account 
of his asceticism and caustic remarks, had succeeded in making himself thoroughly 

In 1738, Whitefield went out to join him, but remained there only one year, 
when he returned to his labors in England, whither Wesley had preceded him. 
Whitefield was, however, back and forth across the ocean many times between the 
years of 1738 and 1770. 

For the next few years, after 1741, tliere arose a number of dissensions in the 
church ; one part after the other splitting off on technical diil'erences of opinion, 

[ 7 ] 

into which we shall not enter here. Whitefield demanded, among other changes, 
a complete rupture with the English Church ; but Wesley was not favorable to so 
decided a step, although in later years he acquiesced in such a policy for the 
American Methodists, who were thenceforth free from all allegiance to any 
religious organization. 

By 1750, we find that the power of Methodism was becoming a source of 
trouble to the Established Church, and measures were enacted against it, which 
served, of course, to give it all the firmer hold in the minds of the people. The 
wave of conversion swept into Wales with great force, and on over many other 
parts of Great Britain. To follow up the history of this church is one of the 
most fascinating studies that a student can have placed before him ; but for us to 
give a more extended notice of it here is not advisable, although undoubtedly it 
is not far from this very time that our Peter ancestors in Wales joined in this 
movement, and were led in consequence to migrate as its missionaries to America, 
and into what was then the far, far West. But our information of their exact 
movements at this period is so meagre at present that we must leave a more 
elaborate notice to a later day, when other facts shall have been gathered, and a 
more complete account can be written. 

To turn to the American continent, where Methodism was to become one of 
the leading religious powers, we see that in 1766 a little band of Methodists first 
started in New York, with their local preacher Philip Embury, and in two years 
had erected a chapel. This was the first of Methodism in this country, and the 
old church on John Street, now in the heart of the down-town business of our 
great metropolis, marks where the great religious wave started that washes to-day 
the shores of every village in these United States, and spreads even to all 
quarters of the globe. 

During the five years that followed 1766, several local preachers were sent over 
by Wesley to America ; but no regular ministers having authority to organize a self- 
working church-body had ever left Europe. At the convention in England, of 
August, 1771, Wesley, after reading a communication from the disciples of the 
new world, in which they asked for leaders, exclaimed : " Our brethren call aloud 
for help ; who are willing to go and help them .' " Several volunteered, but Fran- 
cis Asbury and Richard Wright were the chosen ones ; and around the former of 
these names groups more than a passing interest for us, not only because we are 
Methodist descendants, but because, as we shall see later, we of the Peter family 
are bound to him by the association of kinship. I shall dwell, therefore, a little 
longer on his life, and not pass it by with the mere notice of his name. And this 
I can do all the more appropriately from the fact that the rise and growth of the 
Methodist Church in America are inseparably linked and coincident with every 
move of Francis Asbury, from the time he leaves England to the hour of his 
death, on the 31st of March, 1S16. Most of the facts I take from W. P. Strick- 
land's exquisitely written life of this apostle of the Methodist belief, a book which 
every one ought to read ; although I have found great help in Stevens's " History 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church," and numerous other treatises and re\iews 
which it will be needless to enumerate here. 

Francis Asbury was born the 20th August, 1745, near the foot of Hempstead 
Bridge, in Staffordshire, a short distance from Birmingham, England. His father's 
Christian name was Joseph, and his mother's, Elizabeth. She was a Rogers by 


birth, and her home was in Wales. They had but two children by this union, one 
of whom was a girl , and she died in her early years, leaving Francis an only child. 
As he never married, that branch of the family became extinct with him. His 
early life was one of great thoughtfulness and meditation. At the age of seven 
he was converted, and began soon afterwards a regular study of the Bible, in 
which he became intensely interested. He was kept at school for a while, but 
most of his later education was accomplished under private instruction. On Aug. 
i8, 1767, at one of the conferences of the Methodist Church, to which persuasion 
he had been drawn, there were " admitted on trial " " nine new preachers, among 
whom was young Asbury, afterwards the chief founder of American Methodism." 

I pass over the intervening years of his beautiful life, just as I have hurried 
over his earlier years, to the 4th of September, 177 1, when he set sail for America ; 
never again to see his native land, nor the beloved features of his father and mother. 
He gave up everything for the mission upon which he was now entering. After 
a voyage of from eight to nine weeks, he landed at Philadelphia, and was most 
enthusiastically received from the little church which had been started there by 
members from the New York flock, and to whom Wesley had sent Joseph Pilmoor 
and Robert Boardman as ministers, but the latter of whom was then presiding over 
the New York branch. Asbury started out at once on a visit to all the parishes, 
particularly of the North, and was the " first to initiate the regular circuit work of 
the Methodist Church." In 1772, the preachers having all met in Philadelphia, 
" it was agreed that Boardman should go for that year to Boston, Pilmoor to Vir- 
ginia, Wright to New York, and Asbury to Philadelphia." 

On the loth of October, 1772, Asbury received a letter from Wesley, ap- 
pointing him "Superintendent of the societies in America," and on Dec. 27, 17S4, 
he was ordained bishop. 

And here begins one of the most marvellous careers that any man has ever 
gone through in this world. In every place do we find traces of Asbury. Now 
he is in the extreme Southern States, and not long after in the wilds of New- 
England. To-day he is threading his way through the dangerous paths of Western 
Virginia and out into Kentucky, and not long afterwards we see him presiding at 
the conferences in Philadelphia, Baltiniore, and other cities on the Eastern shore. 
In all the numerous demands of life, we find him ready and willing to do the 
giant's part. Now we hear of him at some distant small log-cabin gathering in 
the unsettled wilderness, and now at the large reunions in the most populous 
cities. He founded the first Sunday-schools in 17S6, — four years before the 
more organized efforts of Robert Raikes, in Gloucester, England, — and the 
first love-feasts and camp-meetings; and "he ordained upwards of three thousand 
ministers, and preached seventeen thousand sermons, besides attending lo the 
varied and multitudinous duties connected with his peculiar relation to the church 
and his episcopal office." 

To dwell in any manner upon the long and wonderful efforts of this pioneer 
bishop of the Methotlist Church in America, would be indeed a pleasing occupa- 
tion ; hut it is rendered impossible by the limited nature of the sketch that we 
have in \iew. All we want for the present is enough to enable us to locate liic 
movements and history of tlie early members of our family in this country, in 
their aid in carrying on this noble work. .Vs we proceed in this inquiry, it will be, 


necessary, of course, to make frequent reference to particular parts of Bishop 
Asbury's life, and to enter, at such times, into them more in detail. 

With this brief and unsatisfactory review of the Methodist Church, I now pass 
on to the special history of our American forefathers, and shall try and outline, so 
far as I am able from the insufficient data, the part that the Peter family bore in 
connection with the events referred to in the previous pages. 

For years, and ever since the fall of the Stuarts, there had been smouldering 
in Great Britain a deep hatred of the high-church tendencies of the Established 
Church. The masses of the people could have little sympathy with a mode of 
worship which was indeed splendid and dazzling, but which was intended alone 
for the satisfaction of the higher cultured and the aristocracy of the nation. If 
the people was to have all the forms of the Romish persuasion again forced back 
upon it, it wished also the means of enjoyment of these forms to be placed within its 
reach, and to be made as accessible as they are in the Catholic churches. And this 
one feature in the differences between the Episcopalian and Catholic rituals is of 
much more significance to this day than might seem possible at first thought. In the 
Catholic services there is a field provided for the most humble, the most ignorant, 
— and where intelligence cannot be appealed to, superstition and fear are, — 
but, on the other hand, there is equal care to meet the wants of the higher mind, 
and the more fervent enthusiasm. So elaborate and exhaustive, in fact, are the 
provisions, that the officials deem them comprehensive enough to correspond to 
any want, and so long as you do not attempt to believe otherwise, you will have 
no difficulty; but dare once to think and act for yourself, and heresy is the 
brand with which you are stamped, and persecution is your fate. 

In the Episcopal service, however, there is little or no thought for the masses, 
and intellect is the main element to which any appeal is made. 

Here, then, we find England under the sway of a cold, reasoning churcli, 
which had all the forms, and yet not the spirit of that other church that the 
people had been taught to hate, and from the evil effects of whose political 
tyranny they had scarcely recovered. 

There were, it is true, a number of different sects and offshoots of the 
Established Church in existence around in the country, — such as the Puritans and 
English Presbyterians, — but they were more or less closely allied at that time to 
the regular church, and could not help partaking more or less of its spirit. For 
some reason Scotch Presbyterianism never secured much of a firmhold in 

Under these circumstances, can we wonder that the body of the people was 
longing for some warm-hearted, earnest, soul-stirring, and soul-appealing religion ? 
Can we be surprised at their apathy and indifference in the observance of the wor- 
ship under the Established Church ? And should we reprehend them for looking 
with distrust upon the new high-church ceremonies, that kept restoring form after 
form of the very Romish service from which their fathers had passed through fire 
and blood to free them? Could it be expected that these less scholarly persons 
could draw the fine distinction between the presence of the old forms, and the 
absence of the spirit which had lent to them their danger for the liberties of the 
people ? No ; it was natural that they should then, and do largely even to-d.ay, 
although time and experience have somewhat soothed their fears, consider one as 
the necessary companion of the other. 

At such a time, and fully penetrated with the unanswered 3'earnings of thou- 
sands of hungry souls, John Wesley and Methodism bring their joyful message to 
the world. People at first hardly believed their senses ; the long-wished-for 
draught was presented to their lips, and yet they did not dare to quaff it. It was 
too good to be true. And Wesley, who was a better scholar than a Methodist 
preacher, did not best understand the power of making them share the feelings 
and confidence of his own heart. But when, later, the wonderful eloquence of 
Whitefield, the man who has been called "The St. Paul of Modern Times," broke 
in upon their expectant souls like a second Pentecost, who can be astonished that 
their tongues were loosened, there hearts filled to overflowing, and their souls 
wrung with the agony and despair of the repentant sinner as yet unconsious of his 
acceptance at the throne of grace? Was such an awakening more than natural? 

Among the earliest fruits of the enunciation of this beautiful view of religion, 
were two converts in Wales, named Richard and William Peter. To their souls 
the message came with more than usual force : it took complete possession of 
them, and thenceforward they determined to devote their lives to sharing with 
others the blessed light they had received so generously from on high. They 
spent a period in preparation for this career, and then started out preaching, 
being chosen by Wesley for that work in Wales, their native place. Their results 
were so decidedly favorable that Wesley called them to larger fields ; and, finally, 
induced them to join other missionaries and carry on the cause in the new world, 
where the set forms of society, and the accumulated superstitions of ages, would 
not be acting as constant checks to their fervor and hindrances to their success, 
Thither they went, and "settled for the most part in Virginia. 

At this point our information becomes very uncertain, and the large blank of years 
between now and the settlement of the descendants of the brothers in Mercer 
County, Kentucky, is in need of many additions to make the line of their move- 
ments complete. From this point on, I can give only facts with a number of prob- 
able conjectures, and must leave to careful research to coriect and complete these 
more or less perfect surmises. At just what time the conversion of these brothers 
took place we are uncertain, but think it was during 1741. When they left for 
America is also variously stated ; and it would not be safe for me to venture a state- 
ment in regard to that, any more than to say that it would not be strange if they 
had accompanied Asbury in 1771, since Richard's wife was an Asbury, and he 
would thus be drawn more closely to him than to any of the other missionaries. 
Several reports claim that these brothers came to America with Wesley in 1735, 
entered upon the work with him in Georgia, and then remained working and 
preaching among all the colonists from there to Virginia, and that they were 
largely instrumental in inducing young Asbury to come over. So numerous are the 
traditions here that it will not be advisable to decide in favor of any, until we have 
more light on the subject. Thus much only is certain, that they labored for many 
years in Virginia, and for a considerable time in the town of Petersburg. And here 
it may be as well to correct a curious idea, which some of the older members of 
the family have handed down in a semi-legendary shape, which is, that the city of 
Petersburg was named in memory of the labors of these two brothers. That they 
labored there is, I think, beyond question ; and that they were largely instrumental 
in effecting the great revival of tlie summer of 1773, is equally certain ; but it 
was not the custom nor right of Methodist preachers to remain very long in one 

[ II ] 

location, so that such short stays as they made in that place would have been barely 
sufficient to have a city named after them. In Howe's " History of Virginia " 
(p. 243), it is stated that that the earliest proprietor of the site of Petersburg was 
Thomas Pitt, who received the grant for it previous to 1646. But, as Howe says, 
" the town derived its name from (Major) Peter Jones, who opened a trading 
establishment with the Indians at an early day, a few rods west of what is now 
the junction of Sycamore and Old Streets. The locality was called Peter's Point, 
subsequently changed to Petersburg^ And farther on, he continues : " In the Oc- 
tober session, in 1748, in the 22d year of the reign of King George II., the towns 
of Petersburg and Blandford were established." 

When the elaborate diary of Bishop Asbury shall have been published and well 
edited, and when the various other church records of the missionary days of 
Methodism in .'\merica shall have been brought within reach of the general reader, 
it may be possible for us to know more about the part our ancestors bore in the 
early labors of the church. 

That their whole time was given up to religious work, we have always under- 
stood ; but amongst so large a number of earnest, modest toilers, it is not strange 
that we should fail to have better means of tracing them. As the influence of the 
new light began to spread, these brothers were chosen to lead the vanguard of the 
mission ranks. On, on they pushed, up the James River into the mountain fast- 
nesses of the Alleghanies, and over into what was then the limit of civilization, 
where, weighed down by years, they rested just a little while ; and then, one after 
the other, many thousand miles from home, strangers in a strange land, they ended 
their long and useful lives : William earlier, but Richard and his wife each in 
their hundredth year. God bless the memory of such noble e.xamples of Chris- 
tian sacrifice! And, as Mr. Strickland says, "We may dwell here a moment to 
remark, that local preachers have been of eminent service to the Methodist 
Church, both in Europe and America. They proved valuable assistants to Wesley, 
and went everywhere, sharing his labors and reproaches in preaching to the desti- 
tute in town and country. Itinerant as was the economy of Methodism, and exten- 
sively as did the regular preachers travel from place to place, yet they could not 
visit all places, and many a section of the country was prepared, through the 
labors of local preachers, for the visits of Wesley and his itinerant helpers, as in 
the case of the labors of Nelson at Bristol and other places. But more especially 
have their services been valuable in this widely extended country, particularly in 
early times. When the history of the church shall have been written up, it will be 
found that in many of our large cities and towns, and populous neighborhoods 
where Methodism flourishes, and is first for numbers and influence among the 
sister churches of those places, the seed was sown first by the hand of the local 
clerg}', who labored in the vineyard of their Master without the hope of fee or 
reward, except what they looked for in heaven. Unaided and alone, in the midst 
of sacrifice, toil, hardships, aye, and not unfrequently of bitter persecution such 
as would dampen the zeal and slacken the energies of most of us who have en- 
tered into their labors, have they gone up to the high places of sin with the handful 
of corn, whose spreading and multiplying products now "shake like Lebanon." 
All honor to those noble men who braved the toils and hardships incident to the 
planting of Methodism in this country ! Their " testimony is in heaven and their 
record on high ;" and when they who served, and they who reaped, shall come 

[ -^ ] 

together at the angel shout of harvest home, may we all rejoice together! As we 
write, a host come thronging on our memory. It may be said of many of them, 
as was said of an earthly warrior, — 

' They sleep their last sleep, 
They have fought their last battle ; ' 

and the sound that shall wake them will be the voice of Him who called them 
into the field of contiict, and whose spirit nerved them for the fight. Faithful 
men, ye ' have fought a good fight, have finished your course,' and have entered 
into the rest and blessedness of heaven." 

Richard and William settled and died in Western Virginia, but of their further 
history we are not, at this point of our investigations, able to give much that is 
definite. Owing to their active missionary life, their home relationships were 
neglected ; and, indeed, we have always understood that they would never have 
married, if they had not done so before their conversion. In this way we can ac- 
count for their small families, which omission on their part, however, their chil- 
dren and descendants seem to have rectified, and to have amply provided thus far 
against the extinction of the name. Richard had one son, William, it seems ; but 
whether there were more children I cannot say. And this William had, so far as 
we know, the follow'ing children : Jesse, Richard, Reuben, Jordan, Lewis (killed by 
lightning), Samuel, Elizabeth, and Nancy. Concerning the lives of these children 
we have also only the most imperfect reports, so that we shall pass them by for the 
present, and return to William, the brother missionary of Richard. He had two 
children, Jesse and John, and whether there were any more or not, I am also 
unable to state. The record of the life of John I have not been able to secure, 
and must, therefore, defer a notice of him until a later day. 

Jesse Peter, on the other hand, was my great-grandfather, and he is the an- 
cestor whose descendants are traced in the following pages. 

As I have remarked in my contributions to the " Early History of Bryan 
McDonald," of Delaware, Jesse Peter immigrated in his youth from Virginia to 
Kentuck}', and became one of the largest, ablest, and most successful farmers in 
all that part of the country ; but was no less famous as a class-leader, and a kind 
of local preacher in the Methodist belief. For a layman he took a wonderfully 
active part in every religious work ; and a considerable portion of his best energies, 
for more than fifty years and up to the time of his death, were willingly and 
effectively spent in the service of his church. His house was known as the home 
and resort for Metiiodist preachers throughout all that district; and from his doors 
went forth one of the strongest and purest domestic influences that has ever 
emanated from any household at any time. In those days of stern princiijles, 
strong virtues and strong characters, he was naturally and willingly a leader. 

With all these excellent qualities, which gave him for those days a position 
equal to that held by the foremost of our time, he was yet far from having the 
least spirit of arrogance or showing a forgetful and slighting bearing towards those 
beneath him. 'i'he Bible was his guide in every action, and he delighted in justify- 
ing his excessive liberality to the needy, and his large sympathy for them, by numer- 
ous quotations from the gospel, with the text of which he was very familiar. 
During the time for camp-meetings, he would hitch up his teams, take his family 

[ 13] 

and servants, and drive to the proposed grounds, remaining for ten days at least. 
On such occasions he was not only prominent in supplying spiritual food by his 
telling speeches ; but he would bring with him from home enough to nourish and 
take care of two or three hundred persons during the whole session of the gather- 
ing. And hardly would one of these assemblies have passed when he would 
return to his farm, lay in a fresh supply, and start for another camp-meeting in 
some other district. Every year he passed thus three or four weeks of his time 
and best efforts in the cause for which they had assembled. His manner of 
speaking was by beginning in a conversational tone, and carrying on a kind of 
questioning and answering with his hearers; and then, gradually, as their attention 
was fixed, he would warm to his subject and deliver one of his stirring exhorta- 
tions. He had great personal magnetism, a pleasing voice, and his manner of 
address was more than commonly engaging, so that his words were always listened 
to with great respect. He was, furthermore, a magnificent singer, and his sweet 
penetrating notes could be heard above and through the whole assembly. He 
had never received any training in singing, but he sang as naturally as the birds 
in the forest around him ; and yet his musical abilities were of a high order. His 
children have, many of them, been endowed with fine musical talents, and Mount- 
ford, in particular, was very gifted in this direction. Thus, it will not seem strange 
that this rare excellence should have made his labors all the more desirable in 
these out-door praise-meetings. Then his personal qualities, his religious fervor, his 
pure life and generous acts, lent to his well-argued, concisely-stated thoughts an 
influence which many more polished, higher educated men's efforts failed to 
secure. Jesse Peter was certainly a very remarkable man, and the gap left by his 
death in his peculiar field has never been wholly filled. The remembrance of him 
and his works, although not as extensive as it would have been with telegraph, 
railroad, and printing-press to circulate it, pervades nevertheless many homes all 
over the Union ; and for his descendants, at least, it is one of the sweetest and 
richest heritages he could have left them. It is to be hoped that with this glorious 
example before them, many of his children and grandchildren may imitate and, if 
possible, equal it. 

Jesse Peter married three times, and most of his large family are noticed else- 
where in these pages, so that I shall not take them up again here ; but to his fourth child 
and oldest daughter, my grandmother, Martha Shepard Peter, I propose devoting a 
somewhat more extended notice, as I draw to a close the introductory sketch of this 
worthy side of our family history. 

Martha Shepard Peter, named after her uncle Shepard Sweeney, was born on the 
2Sth February, 1801, in the northwest part of Mercer County, Kentucky, between 
Bardstown and Lexington, but much the nearer to Bardstown. Her motiier's name 
was Milly Sweeney, a born Virginian, whose father, Moses Sweeney, and his wife, Eliza- 
beth, had come from there with seven sons and six daughters, all fine-looking, intel- 
ligent children. This Elizabeth Sweeney had twin babies before she was sixteen years 
old, one of whom, Joseph, lost a leg at 45, and his sister Mary both legs at 75, so that 
their misfortune made them known to the community as " the twin Sweeneys with 
but one leg between them." One of the Sweeney boys became a Carmelite preacher 
of considerable note. In CoUins's " History of Kentucky", and in other papers, I find 
notices of the earliest discoveries of Petroleum in that State ; but I think, unless I am 
greatly mistaken, that the first coal-oil found in Kentucky was right there on Swecne)'s 

[ M ] 

farm, on Green River, Casey County. For a long time it was considered as a curi- 
osity and a nuisance, when people began finally to detect anti-rheumatic and "many 
other medicinal properties in it, and then it was put up and called " American Oil." 

Jesse Peter mamed, of course, in Kentucky, and settled in Mercer County. In 
those days the vast forest and lands of that portion of the country were almost un- 
known to the white man, and the Indian and the bear still roamed unmolested 
through their native haunts. On many an occasion during the first years of the 
family's life there, they were all in danger of being exterminated. To take to the 
woods, hide in the hollow of a tree, and wait in anxiety until the impending threat had 
been removed, was with them, as with other pioneer settlers, where resistance was 
impossible, no uncommon step. 

In about 1810, the family moved to Washington County, and settled on their 
large farm, three miles easteriy from the village of Macksville. There the children 
grew to manhood and womanhood ; there the old folks were buried one by one ; and 
there, to-day, is a part of the old homestead under the superior and appreciative 
care of its present owner, Jesse's grandchild, Paris Peter. In one comer of the farm, 
and on a picturesque site, is the Peter burying-ground ; and in its enclosure may be 
seen the final resting-place of a number of those noble souls who hewed their rough- 
cut way, at every personal sacrifice, that their posterity might start where they left off, 
and reach the places that were of necessity inaccessible to them. The only question 
now is, have all of their descendants made proper use of their vantage-ground? 
And, as so typical of the efforts of our forefathers in their struggle for an existence, 
I may be pardoned, I trust, for citing this little episode from Howe's " History of Vir- 
ginia." It is concerning General Chades Scott, a native of Cumberland County, 
Virginia, a distinguished officer of the Revolution, and subsequendy Governor of 

" Scott was a man of strong natural powers, but somewhat illiterate and rough 
in his manners. When a candidate for governor, he was opposed by Colonel Allen, a 
native of Kentucky, who, in an address to the people when Scott was present, made 
an eloquent appeal. The friends of the latter, knowing he was no orator, felt dis- 
tressed for him ; but Scott, nothing daunted, mounted the stump, and addressed the 
company, nearly as follows : 

' \Vell, boys, I am sure you must all be well pleased with the speech you have 
just heard. It does my heart good to think we have so smart a man raised up among 
us here. He is a native Kentuckian. I see a good many of you here that I brought 
out to this country when a wilderness. At that time we hardly expected that we 
should live to see such a smart man raised up among ourselves. You, who were with 
me in those early times, know we had no time for education, no means of impro\'ing 
from books. We dared not then go about our most common affairs without arms in 
our hands, to defend ourselves against the Indians. But we guarded and protected 
the country, and now every one can go where he pleases ; and you now see what 
smart fellows are growing up to do their country honor. But I think it would be a 
pity to make this man governor ; I think it would be better to send him to Congress. 
I don't think it requires a very smart man to make a go\crnor, if he has sense enough 
to gather smart men about who can help him on with the business of state. It 
would suit a worn-out old wife of a man like myself. But, as to this young man, I am 
very proud of him ; as much so as any of his kin, if any of them have been here 
to-day listening to his speech.' Scott then descended from the stump, and the 
huzzas for the okl soldier made the welkin ring." 

[ ^5 ] 

To resume our narrative. Martha's mother died at the early age of thirty-eight, 
on May 6, 1812, and was buried there in the family graveyard on the farm. Martha 
was left now as the oldest girl, and the one expected to take charge of and manage 
all the household affairs. To look after eight children, and attend to their thousand 
and one demands, was a weighty task to place upon the shoulders of an eleven-year- 
old girl ; but she took hold with a will, and rose equal to the emergency. And add to 
other grievances, the second marriage of the father to a lady whose tastes were so 
strongly in contrast with those of his previous wife, and with those developed in the 
children, that there could never be much affiliation between the two sets of characters, 
and you have a most trying position for a young person of twelve to fill. But she 
seemed to sweeten under ad\-ersity, for never was her temper ruffled, but with gentle- 
ness and efficiency she regulated the life in the household. The new mother left 
nearly all the work for the step-children to do, and on many an occasion might there 
have been serious breaches in the domestic harmony, if Martha had not stepped in 
and soothed the rising storm. With a training of this kind, facing an unfriendly fire 
in a disadvantageous position, she did not grow peevish and sour-tempered, but 
ripened into a beautiful and lovable woman ; a significant prototype of the noble being 
we now have before us after a long and not uneventful life of seventy-nine years. 
" Whom the Lord loveth, he chasteneth," at times, and her early career was one in 
which she needed the full faith of her heart not to believe otherwise ; while, on the 
other hand, the glorious light of soul that illumines her waning days gives evidence 
not only to her, but to all who know her, of the full force and beauty of that divine 
utterance. Losing her mother at such an early age, and being called to such mature 
duties, it is easy to see how she passed rapidly over the period from childhood to 
womanhood. That interesting, most enchanting period of girlhood was almost left 
out of her life, and it was never brought home to her in its force until she came to 
live it over and over again in her sympathies with her own dear children, as they 
grew one by one to womanhood or to manhood. Yet there is a brief, bright spot in 
her early years that she calls her girlhood, and to which now and then her memory 
willingly returns, and around the delightful associations of which it lingers and pla)s as 
in the years now so long gone that their number makes us almost dizzy to try and run 
them over. What momentous changes have we not passed through, as a nation, since 
those early days ; and what great revolutions must have been carried on in the minds 
of those individuals who have kept pace and expanded with this great country's 
fabulous developement I And yet, who can ever offer the equivalent of those first 
years around our childhood's home ! \Vhat other scenes, that later years will bring, 
can ever so dazzle by their brilliancy as to prevent our recollection from turning back 
to the plainest, lowliest cottage around which our footsteps bent for hours and days 
in the golden childhood ! Parents little realize, at times, how rich an heritage they 
could leave for all the dreary after-years of care-bound life, in just casting here and 
there an added halo round the early sports and dreains of youth. Childhood is a 
period which goes with us to our graves, and the nearer we draw to the " pearly 
gates," the more closely do the joyous scenes of our first years come vividly back 
upon us. We have journeyed in a circle and are once more near the starting-point. 
It is a fairy-land to which we always turn with pleasure, for the grim spectre Respon- 
sibility bids us there farewell ; in those sweet realms his footsteps ne'er have trodden. 
And how we lo\e to hear our graniisires speak of those days, which seem so far from 
and yet so near to us ! How natural it is to hear my good old grandmother tell about 

[ i6] 

the family ot her rag-dolls on whom she lavished all the affection of her little heart, 
all a mother's care for her own children ! So strange it seems, at times, that already 
in the infant stage the maternal instincts of later life should be thus strongly fore- 
shadowed ! And when, by some mishap, her brother broke one of her affection's 
idols, the flood-gates of her grief were opened up, and, as her mother said, '.' she wet 
the floor with tears." She never had so many that she could not deeply feel the 
loss of one ; a trait of character which, unappreciated by those around her then, has 
been so truly and sadly impressed upon us by the departure of those loved ones who, 
in their prime of life, bade us all " good night," and have gone before to bid us there 
" good morning." God grant that in that happier land our broken links may be 
united once again, and welded in a bond which shall never know another parting. 

At the age of seven she started to school ; but she had received, of course, already 
considerable tutoring at home. She had to leave at six in the morning, and did not 
get back until six in the evening. It was a walk of several miles, and for the larger part 
of the way through the woods. She was obliged to pass over most of it alone, except 
when there happened to be others going in the same direction, which did not occur 
very unfrequently, and by some means or other, she says, her escort was not always a 
girl either, even if he did have to wander a few miles out of his way. Poor fellow ! 
But I don't know as he was to be pitied after all ; he had a very pretty and fasci- 
nating companion, to secure whose smiles was evidently worthy of some sacrifice. 
Human nature was the same then as to-day, and " how dearly he had paid for the 
whistle," he had time to ponder over on his way back in solitary glory. 

At school, the best for those times, the course of studies was primitive in a remark- 
able degree ; the spelling-book and New Testament comprised the whole curriculum. 
When they had learnt all there was in the first, and read the other through a sufficient 
number of times, they were ipso facto graduates, and as well educated as anybody 
needed to be. Grandmother was remarkably bright, having an excellent memory, 
besides being a willing and faithful worker ; so when the end of her last school-year 
drew near, and there was the competitive examination for the prize, she stood up and 
began at the beginning of Noah Webster's spelling-book, with its 1,400 words, and 
repeated and spelled every one from beginning to end with only nine hesitations over 
the word that followed next. This was certainly a remarkable feat of memory for such 
a young girl. To remember by heart 1,400 unconnected words in their proper order 
is worthy of a scholar of the finest intellect and most thorough discipline. She won 
the prize, which was the immense sum oi ffty cents, which she carried home, laid 
away, and then worked a month and a half at weaving in extra hours until she had 
made enough to raise her treasure to one dollar and a half, whereupon she saddled 
her horse and rode sixteen miles to the town, and invested the whole amount in a 
pair of pink dress shoes. 

She was very handy with the needle, and accomijlishetl a number of those imwise 
feats of skill in spider-web gymnastics in which young girls delight to the injury of 
their eyesight, nervous system, and general health, ^\'hen she was thirteen, she pur- 
chased, among other things, material for one of those old-timed jaconets, which she 
made and embroidered in the most elaborate but tasty manner. 

1 kr numerous household duties rendered it, at this time, impossible for her to 
attend to much more than the daily demands of the domestic economy ; in the care 
for which she was the great bulwark of the family. 

At the age of sixteen she very naturally joined tiie Methodist Church, and 

[ 17 ] 

in its ranks she has remained ever since. During her married life her home and 
table were ever open to the preachers of the gospel ; a privilege which was evidently 
abused, at times, by some of the less conscientious of their number. Some of her 
children tell many a joke at the old lady's expense, in how tlie best things were kept 
for the ministers and they were left out in the cold, or had to wait longer, in any case, 
for their turn than they thought was necessary. There is, of course, a great deal of 
exaggeration in their statement of the case ; but it cannot be denied that the impres- 
sion then made upon the minds of some of the more sceptically disposed among 
them, by what seemed to them ministerial favoritism, has produced so strong a reaction 
in the other direction, that to-day they entertain anything but admiration for a certain 
class of preachers, especially of the Methodist persuasion. No such a resentment, 
however, is cherished by either her oldest son. Dr. R. H., or her youngest, Colonel 
Mark L. 

At the age of eighteen she was acknowledged to be the belle of the neighbor- 
hood, and was then "wooed and won" by Colonel James McDonald, to whom she 
was married on the 28th September, 18 19. Her bridal costume, a " big " thing for those 
days, was remarkable for a lace cap trimmed with chenille, without any veil, and silk 
gloves and black kid slippers. 

From this time on her hfe becomes necessarily merged in that of her husband, 
and will be described when his biography is written up. They moved soon after to 
the old Richard McDonald homestead on Long Lick, three miles west of Macksville. 

By the time that she had been married twenty-two years, she had eleven children, 
and they were all li\-ing but one, who had died an infant. 

For many years, she spun and wove and made all the clothes, and attended to 
all the other household duties besides. Of course she had slaves to assist, but they 
needed nearly as much care as their services compensated for. 

In 1851 Colonel James, and what remained of the family, all left for the fami they 
had purchased in Andrew County, Missouri. There they remained until May 15, 1S59, 
when he and his wife and younger children left for California, arriving there on the i8th 
August. They settled in Sacramento, where Colonel James died the i6th March, 1865. 
The family moved soon afterwards to San Francisco, and have remained there ever since. 
Grandmother is now living with her only surviving daughter, Mrs. Josephine Elliott, 
corner Bush and 7th Streets, in Oakland, just across the bay from San Francisco. The 
old lady is now in her eightieth year, and is in good physical condition. Her mind 
is clear, her disposition as sweet and sunny as ever, and her heart overflowing with 
kindness for every one that comes in her way. She is the great comfort of her rel- 
atives and friends, and she seems to be the centre around which the different members 
of our family gravitate. She brings them together, keeps them mutually interested 
each in each, and checks to her utmost that tendency, which many persons of inde- 
pendent natures show, to draw gradually farther and farther from each other. 'May 
her noble life be spared to us for yet many years ; and when finally she bids us all her 
last farewell, may her influence, and the memory of her love, make us forget our 
little differences, and bind us closer in an union which death alone shall sever ! 

But we cannot leave this narrative without giving an outline of the life of Colonel 
James McDonald, the husband of Martha Shepard Peter, for it would be like pass- 
ing by without mention the incidents around which the larger part of her life was 
grouped. We shall not dwell on his career in detail, as it is our expectation at 
some later day to write his biography at length. We shall aim to give only enough 

[ IS] 

to furnish an intelligent idea of the principal moves in his life. And the first part' 
we take from our " Contributions " published last summer. 

Colonel James McDonald, the oldest child of Major Richard McDonald, was 
born the i6th day of December, 1797, on the old Homestead near Mackviile, 
Kentucky. His father died and left him at the tender age of twelve, with his 
mother, and two brothers, and three sisters, the responsibility for whom was mainly 
thrown upon his shoulders ; thus developing at an early period of his life that self- 
reliance and executive ability which so characterized his future career. 

His education was as good as the time and facilities of the country in which lie 
lived afforded, which were at best, as compared with those of to-day, limited. Up 
to his seventeenth year, he took charge of his father's farm, assisted his mother, 
and aided all he could in raising the family. So steady, industrious, and capable 
was he, that he was cited by all who knew him as the exemplary young man of 
that district. 

At about the age of seventeen, he turned over the farm to his brothers, and went 
as an apprentice to the tanner's business, under a man named Hillery Hays, — a 
gentleman of fine principles, who had much to do with moulding the character of. 
many of the first young men of the day who were studying under him. It was in 
consideration of the esteem in which Colonel James held this almost foster-parent 
to him, that he named his first-born Richard Hays in memory of him. .\fter three 
years' apprenticeship, James was made foreman and principal of the e.xtensive 
business in which he had learned his trade ; and he continued in this occupation 
until, at the urgent request of his mother and the family, he consented to return 
and take charge of the old paternal farm. 

Not long after, in 1819, he married his former school-companion and favorite, 
Martha Shepard Peter, fourth child and oldest daughter of Jesse Peter, as before 
stated. He then took up his farming in earnest, and became a great success in 
it. He had a special fondness for improving the stock by breeding, and to the study 
of this specialty he devoted a large portion of his spare time and means. He was 
one of the first men in Kentucky who started that system of crossing the different 
grades of stock and raising the quality of the successive types, which theory, as 
pursued and perfected under men like Alexander and others, has since given to 
Kentucky the prominent rank of America for fine stock, and for fast horses in 

From the leading position that Colonel James grew gradually to occupy, and the 
potent influence he swayed in his community, he was led, much against his incli- 
nations, to accept the call of that constituency to serve in the Legislature of his 
State. In the winter of 1828-29, ^^ represented Washington County at Frankfort, 
the capital of Kentucky; and so popular was his course as a Representative, that 
he was elected and returned the following year, 1829-30, and again in 1832-33, to 
the same position in the lower house of the Legislature. 

Being wearied of public and desiring to return to private life, he trietl to with- 
draw from further nomination for office, and to go back to his favorite pursuits on 
his beautiful farm. He was, however, not suffered to retire at that time, but was 
again sought out the next year, and prevailed on to permit his name to be placed 
on the ticket as candidate for State Senator. As he was always earnest and zealous 
in what he undertook, he entered the campaign with an unmistakable determination 
to do his part. He canvassed and stumped the county in opposition to Richard 

[ 19 ] 

Spalding, one of the ablest and most influential men of the State. It was one of 
the most exciting and most fiercely contested State Senatorial elections ever known 
in Kentucky, and, whichever candidate won it, had to accomplish his success by 
superior ability and force in his statement of the issue. McDonald, who was a good, 
logical speaker, beat his adversary and was elected by a handsome majority over 
him, and served a term of four years, from 1S33-37, in the State Senate ; whereupon 
he positively declined any further political office, and terminated therewith his pub- 
lic career. His policy was at all times satisfactory to his constituency, although, 
in instances, not exactly in accordance with their first views of the situation ; but, 
by the end of each term, the justice of his policy was recognized and his popularity 
proportionately strengthened. 

He was in the Senate with, among other prominent personages, two of Ken- 
tucky's most talented and distinguished citizens, the gifted Thomas Marshall, of 
Lexington, and James Guthrie, of Louisville, the latter of whom was afterwards 
Secretary of the Treasury under Buchanan, from 1853-57. 

It was during his term in the Senate that many important changes were made in 
the means of advancing and developing the State's industries, and, perhaps, none 
more important than aiding in building what was then a great wonder, the first 
railroad in Kentucky, from Frankfort to Lexington, a distance of some thirty-eight 

About this time the great fertile West was being opened up to settlers, and the 
rising ambitious young men of the family could not feel contented with remaining at 
home, however strong might be the desire of their family and friends to hold them. 
Already long before, their first-born, Richard Hays, the pioneer child of the family, 
had left and entered upon the study of medicine, and had been having a fine prac- 
tice alternately in Nauvoo and Prairie de Roche, in Illinois, until, by reason of health 
and other considerations, he had wandered on to Sacramento, California, where he 
had located and was doing well. His brother. Captain James, influenced naturally 
by the good result of R. H.'s venture, was the next to bid farewell to Mackville ; 
leaving in October, 1849, ^""^^ going overland through Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa 
to Rochester, Missouri, where he stopped that winter with his brother-in-law. Dr. M. 
F.Wakefield, and his sister, Milly Ann. Next spring. May 15, 1850, he started for 
California, where, after an eventful trip, he was welcomed by his brother Richard, 
in Sacramento. And, in this connection, it may be well to mention an incident 
which is, we believe, not generally known. In the latter part of August his party 
stopped on Carson River, at the mouth of Cold Canon, not very far from Gold 
Hill, and the now world-famous district of the Comstock lode. He here separ- 
ated from the rest of his companions, who continued on into C^alifornia, and he set 
out all alone on an exploring expedition into the caiion and the region around 
Mount Davidson. He here found what he thought was gold in rich yields ; so he 
took a pair of old overalls, tied the legs together, filled them with the dirt, and, 
being a man of large size and great strength, carried it on his shoulders way down 
to Carson River. There he secured an emigrant woman's old milk-pan, and washed 
his dirt, and revealed the little yellow particles just as he had suspected ; which 
was, I think, beyond question, the first find of gold made by any white man on 
what is now the " bonanza " quarter of the mining world. It was not many days 
until other prospccters were in those parts, but he preceded them all quite a 

[ =o] 

By the next year the California fever had spread over the whole Western country, 
and the young men were on the move for the Pacific Coast. Realizing that it 
would be improbable that they could ever reunite their family in Mackville, the 
old folks concluded to follow the younger ones and keep together the best they 
could. With this view, the old place at Mackville was reluctantly, regretfully 
sold, and a large farm of six hundred acres purchased on the Platte, near 102. 

This was not far from Savannah, Andrew County, Missouri, whither their oldest 
daughter, Milly Ann, had moved from Rochester, Missouri, and settled with her 
husband. Dr. M. F. Wakefield, and were in good circumstances, and anxious to 
have their parents near them. 

In the spring (March) of 185 1, Marion Jasper was sent ahead from Kentucky, 
with the servants Uncles Ralph and George, to prepare and have the farm ready 
for the remainder of the family, who arrived in the fall of that year. 

The spring of the next year found the influence of the California fever unabated, 
and if anything increasing ; so Marion Jasper and Dewitt prepared their four-mule 
team and a light spring wagon, and left on the 21st of April, 1852, to join their 

They were posted how to make the trip, and passed over in one of the quickest, 
if not the quickest, time ever made by a private party in those days across the 
plains. At Goose Creek Mountains they abandoned their wagon, and " packed 
in," as the technical term is. They arrived in Sacramento July 7, 1852. 

Thus, one by one, the children were finding their way to the shores of the Pacific ; 
and every year the pressure was becoming greater on the old folks to follow after. 
They had, in the meanwhile, since the boys were all gone, given up the farm and 
moved into Savannah ; and, so long as Milly Ann and all the girls were together, 
they could not decide to take the final step. However, in January, 1858, Milly 
Ann died, and, now this strong band having been severed, they began to prepare 
for the overland journey. On the i5lh of May, 1S59, they bade farewell to Savannah, 
and all its associations. Here had been quite a rallying-place for all the family. 
Colonel James's brother Joseph having been there awhile, before going to join his 
brother. Dr. Griffin, in Georgia. Two of the famil)', Joseph William, in 1855, and 
Milly Ann, in 1858, were buried there ; and the loss was most bitterly felt, as they 
were the first break in the family circle for over thirty years, and seemed like an 
ill-omen to foretell the dreadful ravages which were to be made in later years upon 
the most beautiful and fascinating members of the household. 

During his stay in Savannah, Colonel James was prevailed upon to accept the 
office of mayor, which he filled, so long as he was there, with great credit. 

The trip across the plain proved to be a very severe one ; the year was dry and 
pasturage and water were scarce, whereby they were compelled to make long and 
forced marches over the parched plains. In the Humboldt Valley, that terrible 
Sahara of our country, it seemed at times as if every day was to be their last. 
After much privation they arrived in Sacramento on the 18th of August, 1859. In 
the meanwhile, their son James, who was single, and well to do, had provided a 
pleasant home for them on M Street, between 7th and 8th Streets. There they 
settled, and lived a peaceful, contented life, surrounded by most of their children. 
In 1861, the flood that buried the city in water for months came as an un- 
pleasant surprise ; and the subsequent Civil Wat, and the strong Southern sym- 
pathies of Colonel James and all his family, except Dr. R. H., subjected ihcm to 

[ -^I ] 

many political persecutions, which added some stirring scenes to the course of 
their experiences. 

The bitter remembrances of the treatment of some of the mob-elements, during 
those times, has created in the mind of one of the sons, Captain James, anything 
but a pleasant recollection of the whole town ; which place he left as soon after- 
wards as it was possible to arrange his affairs, and has never been back, except in 
the most transient manner, to see, since that day. 

Colonel James was taken by a severe attack of congestive fever, originating in the 
digestive organs, and died on the i6th of March, 1865. He was buried first in 
Sacramento, and was moved later to the McDonald family-lot, in the Masonic 
burying-ground, of San Francisco, where he now lies surrounded by many of his 
children and grandchildren ; some of the fairest of whom quickl_\- followed him, and 
left us just as they had blossomed into the beautiful strength and grace of woman- 

Colonel James was a man of about 5 feet 10/2 inches in height (although all of 
his boys but one are over si.x feet high), and weighed about 160 pounds. He had 
a close-built, muscular frame, of sinewy te.xture, which gave him great activity and 
great power of endurance. Very few men of his weight were his equals in strength. 
In his prime, he was able to lift up a forty-gallon barrel of cider and drink from 
the bung-hole, which feat he did time and again whenever the credibility of the 
claim was called into question. His hair and beard were sandy color, and his skin 
was fair and clear, with a reddish tinge which gave him at all times a remarkably 
fresh and healthy appearance. His habits were regular and exceedingly tem- 
perate ; his health was excellent, and but few spells of sickness ever troubled him, 
until the final attack, from which he died. He was a man of great energy and 
enterprise, and yet remarkably cool-headed and moderate, with all his enthusiasm. 
He was affable and kind-hearted and generous to the needy and deserving wherever 
he found them. He was an extremist, if in anything, on the question of advanced 
education ; and in all church, school, and other institutions for disseminating moral 
and intellectual culture, he was known as a zealous friend and co-worker. His 
position was generally a leading one in life, and we think we may safely say that 
his influence was a good one, and that the world with which he came in contact is 
better for his having been in it. To my youthful mind, I can well remember that, next 
to my father, he seemed to me to be my ideal of a man ; and the many stories and 
little moral lessons that he told me as I attended him on his walks, or sat beside 
him on a stool in his room, have so often recurred to me in my later )-ears, that 
they have lent an added charm to my birthplace ; and in the slightly changed words 
of our beloved Longfellow: — 

" Fairer seems my native city, 

.\nd tlie sunshine seems more fair. 

That he once has trod its pavement. 

That he once has breathed its air." 

In closing, I would return my sincere thanks to Mr. Paris Peter and Mrs. 
Athenia Flournoy, of Mackville, Ky., and to Mrs. Parthenia Rue, of Santa Rosa, 
Cal., for their deep interest in, and valuable contributions to, my labors on the 
Peter family ; while the whole material concerning the McDonald name here 
embodied has been the result of the individual labors of my father. Dr. R. H. 

[ -^-^ ] 

McDonnld, President of the Pacific B,ini<, San Francisco, California. It is needless 
to add that all these labors of fainilj' love are conducted solely at his expense. 

Now, in the hope that this brief memorial of our family, hastily arranged for 
the seventy-ninth anniversary of my dear, good grandmother, Martha Shepard 
McDonald, will be acceptable, as a slight evidence of the love in which she is 
held by her children and grandchildren, I bid you all, dear relatives, and you in 
particular, my aged and yet so youthful grandmother, an affectionate farewell. 

Yours, with much love, 

FRANK V. McDonald. 

Cambridge, Mass-, February, iS8o. 


.-/. The name of the village where our ancestors lived in Washington County, Ken- 
tucky, is now called Mackville, by the Post-office Guide ; but the correct name should be 
Macksville. The place was named after the MacKittricks, and the twin brothers, Richard 
and Alexander McDonald, and these three parties lived in and around the village for a 
long time before any other setders arrived there. From these three Macks the name 
was and should be Macksville. It was a community of considerable size and influence; 
fifty years ago, but has, owing to emigration, the war, and other disturbing causes, 
greatly decreased in numbers and importance. There are still, however, many persons 
there, who are good and noble representatives of the old families from which they spring 
directly or indirectly. It is strange to say that not one of the homesteads of our first 
ancestors in these parts remains in the possession of a descendant bearing the original 
name. The Richard McDonald place is in the hands of a stranger, a Mr. Rayborn ; the 
Ale.xander McDonald place is in the possession of the husband of his grandchild, a Dr. 
Redding ; and the Jesse Peter farm has also passed into other hands, although the place 
adjoining is owned by his grandson, Paris Peter, whose careful and sympathetic oversight 
watches and preserves zealously all the landmarks and tangible associations in and around 
the ancestral place. 

/?. In Collins's History of Kentucky, \'ol. II. p. 749. James .McDaniel is accredited 
to the House of Representatives of Kentucky from Washington County for the year 
1S2S. Tliis is an error : it should be James McDonald, the same party given for the ses- 
sions of iS29and 1S32. It is natural that this mistake should liave been made, as tlie 
McDonalds were in early times known more as MacDanls and McDaniels than in any 
other way, and many of the public records have the names confused in a variety of forms. 
Collins's history is an admirable work, showing a fabulous amount of labor and care, widi 
few, yes, very few inaccuracies, and this little error should not be considered at all to its 
discredit ; a more natural interchange of name was hardly possible. I make the correction 
here, in order to save any further misunderstanding, but not in the least as an adverse 
criticism of liis beautiful and thorough work. 

C. Tlie Mount Davidson referred to in the mention of Colonel James and his son 
Captain James (page 19) is the location on tlie side of which \'irginia City, Nevada, now 
stands. It is here where the great mines of the Comstock lode are situated, the two 
most famous of which, the "California" and the "Consolidated Virginia," have since 
become world-known by the name of the " Ponanza" mines. When the rich deposit was 
struck, it soon spread that a "bonanza," the Spanish for a "good thing," had been found, 
and the name was ever afterward attached to those two mines. It was in the very place 

[ -^3] 

whence, in later years, millions and millions of money were to be drawn, that Captain 
James McDonald gathered his dust, and carried it down to the river to wash. 

D. I desire to return my thanks to Mr. J. A. J. Wilcox, of No. 12 Pemberton .Square, 
Boston, Mass., for the friendly interest and painstaking care he has shown in the execu- 
tion of the four steel-engravings for this book ; and likewise to express my gratitude to 
Messrs. Harroun and Bierstadt, 58 and 60 Reade Street, New York City, N. Y., for similar 
courtesies on their part in the printing of the "artotypes" of the " Baby," and the " Class 
Cup." These are such good imitations of photographs that I wish to call special atten- 
tion to them. They are made by a photographic negative, transferred to a gelatine plate. 
They then use a prepared paper and fine photo-lithographic ink. These plates are not 
the result of light, producing chemical combinations. They are printed in a press, just as 
lithographs are, and the ink is, so to speak, a printer's ink. They will not fade, and are 
uniform, much like other press-work. 

E. It will be impracticable to send a print of this or other family-works to every mem- 
ber of the connections, and, in order that the books may be made accessible to as many 
parties as possible, we shall have to send copies to the best library in most places where 
descendants are living. We would ask you, therefore, to forward the name and full address 
of such library in your town as you deem the best depository for the books, and we shall 
try and mail to them this and other publications that we may edit on family history in the 
future. For the present, we shall deliver to the following places : — 

British Museum Library, London, England ; Trinity College Library, Dublin, Ireland; 
Royal Historical Society, Edinburgh, Scotland ; Harvard College Library, Cambridge, 
Mass. ; New England Genealogical Society, Boston, Mass. ; Boston Public Library ; 
Library of Mount Holyoke Seminary, South Hadley, Mass. ; Yale College Library. New 
Haven, Conn. ; Astor Library, New York City, N. Y. ; Vassar College Library, Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. ; Union College Library, Schenectady, N. Y. ; Princeton College Library, 
Princeton, N. J. ; Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; Wilmington Public 
Library ; Historical Society of Delaware, Wilmington ; State Library, Dover, Delaware ; 
Congressional Library, Washington, D. C. : State Library, Richmond, Va. : State Agri- 
cultural College Library, Blacksburg, iVIontgomery Co.. Va. ; State Library, Frank- 
fort, Ky. ; Mercantile Library, San Francisco, Cal. ; State Library, Sacramento, Cal. 

F. These abbreviations have been used in the following pages : — 

b., for born ; m., for married; unm., for unmarried ; d., for died; bur., for buried; 
prob., for probably ; Me., for iMethodist ; Presb., for Presbyterian ; Cong., for Congrega- 

Sn., for Sund:\y; M., for Monday; T., for Tuesday; W.. for Wednesd.ay ; Th., for 
Thursday ; F., for Friday ; S., for Saturday ; and occasionally others, which will be 
easily recognized. 

Caution. In my '■ Contributions to the Early History of Bryan MacDonald," paj;e 13, 
I recommended a Mr. Albert Wells of University Place, New York City, as a party to 
address for genealogical investigations. I have since discovered that the work lie or his 
correspondents did for me is wholly unrelial)le : and this revelation, added to my experi- 
ence with him in numerous other ways, now leads me, much against my wishes, to with- 
draw what I said In his favor, and to advise the members of our family not to enlist in 
any manner his professional services. 

I would also caution them most urgently against accepting results from any one in 
these fields, wliere there is so much room for pretence and dccut, without having first 
carefully tested the merit of every report. 




JESSE PETER, son of Wm. and Fanny Peter, b. Sn., 29 April, 1770; m. isi, 
Milly Sweeney, T., 5 Nov., 1796; 2d, Elizabeth Graves, T., 6 Dec, 1814; 
3d, Nancy Drane, Sn., 25 Sept., 1S42. He d. F., 14 Jan., 1848. Milly 
Sweeney, dr. of Moses and Elizabeth Sweeney, b. T., 22 Dec, 1774, d. T., 
10 May, 1 814. Elizabeth Graves, dr. of \Vm. and Nancy Graves, d. W., 6 
Apr., 1842. Moses Sweeney, father of Milly, d. 17 June, 1813; his wife 
Elizabeth d. 27 Oct., 1S32. It was she who first introduced the well-known 
" Red Coat " apple (a pure seedling) into Kentucky, by bringing the 
seed with her from Virginia, about a century ago. 
Jesse's children by his first wife were : 

1. Mountford, b. .Sn., 15 Oct., 1797 ; d. Th., 14 Apr.. 1864. 

2. Jordan, b. Th., 10 Jan., 1799; d. 1871 (?). 

3. Archibald, b. Th., 4 Feb., iSoo ; d. 4 Feb., :8oo. 

4. Martha Shepard, b. W., 25 Feb., 1801. Living cor. Bush and 7th Sts., San 

Francisco, Cal. 

5. Hardin, b. F., 31 Dec, 1802 ; d. Th., 3 Feb., 1853. 

6. Preston, b. Sn., 5 Apr., 1804 ; d. 23 Apr., 1830. 

7. Kiturah, b. T., 25 Sept., 1806. Living in St. Joseph, Mo. 

8. China, b. M., 31 Oct., 1808 ; d. 16 Apr., 1863. 

9. Paris, b. W., 6 May, 1812; d. (varioloid) 4 Dec. t86i. 
His children by his second wife were : 

10. Gideon, b. Sn., 11 Feb., 1816; d. Th., 12 Oct., 1837. 

11. Milly Sweeney, b. F., 18 Dec, 181S. 

12. Elisha, b. W., 29 Mar., 1820; d. S., 18 Jan., 1S23. 

13. Hartford (M.D.), b. M., 31 Dec. 1822 ; d. F., 5 Apr., 1S72. 

14. Cyrus, b. T., 20 May, 1823 ; d. 1844. 

15. Cynthia, b. S., 15 Jan., 1825. 

16. Frances, b. 10 Sept., 1830; d. 15 Feb., 1831. 

[ -^5 ] 

Of Jesse Peter's children 

Mountford ni. twice, and his children follow later. He raised two large families, 
and d. at the age of 72. Like his father he was a \ery religious man and 
naturally a leader in whatever he entered. 

Jordan moved to Salem Co., 111., where he m. ; and the record of his family, as 
complete as it could be secured, comes hereafter. 

Martha Shepard was m. to Col. James McDonald (McDonald (ienealogy. 
Eldition B, No. 84, where their family is given in full, and whence it is taken 
later, to make this whole Peter connection more complete). He was the oldest 
son of Major Richard McDonald (No. 26), of Mackville, Washington Co., Ky. 
It is their oldest son. Dr. R. H. McDonald, President Pacific Bank, San Fran- 
cisco, Cal., who is supplying the means for carrying on all our family researches. 
Of this part of the family, however, somewhat detailed hiograjihical notices will 
follow at a later day. 

Hardin m. Mary^ McDonald (No. 95, Ed. B, McDonald (lenealogy, whence their 
family will be taken and can be found later). She was a dr. of Alex. Mc- 
Donald of Mackville, Ky. 

Preston was unm. and died in Indiana. 

Kiturah was m. to Judge John Spence, and details of their family will follow. 

China was m. to Robert S. Mitchell. Had no children. 

Paris m. Mary Flournoy, Th., i Dec, 1836. Family follows later. 

Milly S. was m. to Joseph Turner. Family given further on. 

Dr. Hartford m. ist, Ellen Cornish ; 2d, .Arena Shewmaker. Families later. 

Cyrus drowned in Castile River, Clinton Co., Mo. His body was not found until 
ten days later, when it was buried in a beech grove at that place. 

Cynthia was m. to Brazeal Parrott, Jan., 1S42. Family given in its order. 



I. MOL'XTFORD, the oldest child of Jesse Peter and Milly Sweeney, a man of 
brilliant faculties, an accomplished musician, and a good scholar, m. ist, M., 
2 2 Dec, 1817, Sallie Peter, dr. of William and Margaret Peter. Sallie was b. 
28 Feb., 1796, near Springfield, Ky., and d. of infant fever in Spencer Co., 
Indiana, 5 Oct., 1826. Hem. 2d, Th., ii Mar., 1830, Mrs. John H. Parrott 
(born Elizabeth Pile, dr. of Benjamin and Ruth Pile), who was b. 31 Oct., 
1799, and d. in Washington Co., Ky., 22 Mar., 1865. Mountford died of 
pleuro-pneumonia 14 Apr., 1864; his second wife of typhoid pneumonia. 
They are both bur. in the Jesse Peter graveyard on the old farm. 
Mountford's children by his first wife were : 

1. Bernarden, b. in Spencer Co., Ind., 7 Mar., 1S19. Living in Franklin. 


2. Paris, b. Indiana, 12 July, 1821. Living in Mackville, Washington Co., 


3. Vemetta, b. Indiana, 26 Mar., 1823 ; d. 21 May, i860. 

4. Armenius, b. Indiana, 8 Jan., 1825. Living in St. Joseph, Mo. 

5. Jesse, b. Indiana, i May, 1826. Living in Salinas City, Cal. 
Mountford's children by liis second wife were : 

6. Arimathea, b. Washington Co., Ky., 28 Dec, 1S30; d. Washington 

Co., Ky., 30 June, 1849. 

7. Almira, b. Washington Co., Ky., 18 Jan., 1834 ; d. Texas, 5 Nov., 1S60. 

8. Preston (M.D.), b. Washhigton Co., Ky., 29 Jan., 1836. 

9. Emory, b. in Washington Co., Ky., 27 Dec, 1S37. 

10. Athenia, b. Washington Co., Ky., 20 Apr., 1840. Living in Mackville, 


11. Orceneth, b. Washington Co., Ky., 27 Mar., 1842. 
Of Mountford's children, 

BERNARDEN, the oldest child of Mountford and Sallie Peter, left Mackville, 9 
July. 1 83 7, and mo\-ed to Mt. Washington, Ky. From there he went to Louisville, 
10 Mar., 1849. He there studied and learned in detail the cabinet trade, and 
architecture and house buikling, — theoretically and practically. He m. Matilda 
D. Wells, dr. of John F. and Amelia Wells, 11 Feb., 1841, and on 4 April, 1855, 
they moved to Franklin, Indiana, where they have since lived. They have 
raised a good, religious, intelligent, and interesting family, and some of the chil- 
dren, we are told, are even very gifted, especially in music. This is particularly 
the case with his daughters Kate and Mattie. 

The family is as follows : 

lb. Sarah Elenora, b. 20 Mar., 1842, Bullitt Co., Ky. ; d. 13 .\ug., 1S42, 
in Mt. Washington, Ky., of cholera infantum. 

. [ -^7 ] 

2b. Laura Amelia, b. 31 Jan., 1S44, in Bullitt Co., K} . ; d. 9 Sept. 1S46. 
in Mt. \\ashington, Ky. 

3b. Mary Kate, 1). 26 .\pr., 1S46, in Bullitt Co., Ky. ; \va.s m. 11 Xov., 
1S70, in Franklin. Ind., by Rev. H. T. Buff, to Rev. \\-iley F. 
Ackman, of the Christian, now called CampbelHte church. He was 
b. 12 Sept., 1845, in Jessamine Co., Ky. The parents are both 
li\ing in Middletown, Ind., and they have one child, Bernarden 
Marshall, b. 14 May, 1872, in Jefferson Co., Ky. 

4b. .-Xlsimedia, b. iS Sept., 1848, in Bullitt Co., Ky. ; d. 7 July, 1S49. 
in Mt. Washington, Ky. 

5b. Isadore Vernetta, b. 22 May, 1851, in Jefferson, Co., Ky., was m. in 
Franklin, Ind., 22 May, 1873, by Rev. Wiley F. Ackman, to James 
L. Davis. He was b. 29 May, 1850, in Monroe Co., Ind. The 
parents are both living in Franklin, Ind., and have one child, ICmory 
Peter, b. 12 July, 1874, in Johnson Co., Ind. 

6b. Maltie, b. 21 Oct. 1853, in Jefferson Co., K). 

7b. William, b. 15 Feb. 185S. Johnson Co.. Ind.; d. 11 Sept. 1S58. in 
Franklin, Ind. 

8b. Lulie, b. 12 June. 1S62. in Johnson Co., Ind. 

9b. .^nna, b. 7 Jan. 1S64, Johnson Co., Ind. 

All the living members of the family, except Mrs. Ackman and husband, reside 
in Franklin, Ind. ; and, with the exception of Mary Kate and Isadore Vernetta, none 
of the children are married. The religious belief of Bernarden and family is 
Campbellite or Christian, and they are the only descendants of Mountford who are not 

PARIS, the second child of Mountford and Sallie Peter, m. 27 Nov., 1872, Bettie 
Busby, in Washington Co., Ky. Have one child, a sweet little girl, Athenia, b. 2 7 
Oct.. 1S73. He lives on the homestead of his father, adjoining the old Jesse 
Peter form. He went to Nashville, Tenn., and studied building practically and 
theoretically. He gained great success as carpenter and architect, and as a 
mechanic he was considered at the head of the trade. When family demands 
made it necessary he gave up his business to take charge of the old farm. He is 
a man of sterling qualities, of a high moral and religious character, and is in e\ ery 
respect a worthy representative of the old Peter stock. It has been through his 
labors and those of his sister Athenia that we ha\e been able to gather these 
scattered records of the Peter branches. Without their assistance, which has been 
given continuously and zealously, it would not have been possible to present 
this genealogy in any but a very mutilated and defective condition. They have 
worked long and searchingly for the results attained, and it is largely due to their 
labor that these records, necessarily imperfect as they must be considering the 
haste in which they were compiled, have reached a suitable form for presentation. 

A detailed account of the life of Cousin Paris would be very interesting to 
all of us, but the haste necessary in preparing this work, and the large 

L :^8] 

amount of labor he bus had to bestow in securing the scattered records 
herein embodied have made it impossible for him to find leisure for an 
autobiographical sketch. In order, Iiowever, that we may have some data on 
which to build future reports, I glean here and there a few items from his 
scattered correspondence. 

He left his father's house in the suburbs of Mackville, Ky., in 1S43, ^"f' 
went to Tennessee. He started, lived, and grew up on his own resources, for 
about sixty cents in cash was the extent of his finances at the beginning of 
his career. He apprenticed himself for three years in the carpenter's and 
joiner's trade in Nashville, during which time he was so faithful and so free from 
sickness that he missed work only two and a half days. He then engaged 
himself as a journeyman carpenter in the same place, until 1849, when the 
cholera almost depopulated the city. While in Nashville he was a "Son of 
Temperance " in good standing seven years ; and having musical talent, he 
was also connected with a band for three years. In the prosecution of his 
business, he had at one time a very narrow escape. A scaffolding gave way, 
and he was thrown from the top of a house to the ground, a distance of over 
twenty-eight feet. He was badly bruised and stunned, but recovered with- 
out any permanent injuries to remind him of the fall. 

After 1846 he began the study of the higher branches of architecture, and 
in 1S50 he w^as called to build the Stewart College in Clarksville, Tenn., 
which he completed to the great satisfaction of all interested. His success 
as an architect was continued, but he invested his money in loans, and lost 
largely, like others of those days, on account of the introduction of the 
bankrupt law. 

He had contracted for the building of a fine Episcopal church when the 
war broke out, and the contract was annulled. Not being able to come 
North, to avoid being drafted into the Confederate army he entered as a 
volunteer for one year, on Sept. ist, 1861. He went to Fort Donaldson in 
November, was engaged in the battle fought there on the 15th February, 
1862, and on the following day was taken prisoner with seven thousand 
others. They were transferred to Camp Douglas, Chicago, 111., where they 
remained from Feb. 21st to Sept. 5th, when they started South to be exchanged. 
On the next day, about one hundred and twenty miles from Cairo, III, part 
of tlie train (engine and seven cars in front) ran off a high bridge into 
a ravine from twenty to forty feet below. There were only three or four 
killed at once ; but many were bruised and badly wounded. It was a horrible 
scene, and more sickening than a battle. Paris was only badly bruised. 
On the 8th September, they left Cairo on a Federal fleet for Vicksburg, where 
they were exchanged on the 17th. After having been untler the command of 
a dozen generals, wandeiing up and down the Mississippi for about three 
months' lime, they marched fmall)- to Fort Hudson, La., Nov. ist. On 
Dec. 14th tliey had a little figlit, cliietly artillery and gun-boats, not much 
damage done on either side. March 14th, 1863, about eleven o'clock at night. 

[ -^9 ] 

they had :i " most terrific, awfully grand, and magnificent " bombardment by the 
Union mortars, gun-boats, and men ofwar. It lasted al)out three hours. 
The rebel batteries burned with hot shot the Mississippian, one of the 
attacking men-of-war. 

On the 19th March, 1S63, he received his discharge and transportation 
papers ; and, after a tedious, expensive, and protracted journey, he reached 
Clarksvi'.le, Tenn., on the 15th April. 

After the war he returned to look after his father's place, where he now 
lives, in the suburbs of Mackville. 

Paris is an active church-member of the Methodist denomination, and is an 
advocate of all liberal and progressive movements. He is always to be found 
on the side of advanced moral and educational views. Although he served 
in the Confederate army, his sympathies were largely with the North. IJe 
believed in the freedom of the slaves, although he was not in harmony with 
the manner in which that emancipation was secured. 

VERNErrA, third child of Mountford and Sallie Peter, was m. 7 Apr. 1 859, by Rev. 
H. C. Northcott, in Mackville, Ky.,to Addison Durham. She d. 21 May, i860, 
in Boyle Co., Ky., and was bur. there. Husband, a farmer, a Methodist and a 
son of Thomas Durham, d. 12 June, 1876. Vernetta died a few days after the 
birth of her first child, which did not survive her long. 

ARMENIUS, fourth child of Mountford and Sallie Peter, m. 5 June, 1S59, in 
Forest City, Holt Co., Mo., Sarah Reinhardt, Rev. Mr. Fulto, of the Presb. 
Church, officiating. She was b. 6 Mar., 1842, in Buchanan Co., Mo., and her 
parents were Caleb and Eunice Reinhardt. The children of this union are : 

1. Mountford, b. 4 June, 1861, Andrew Co., Mo. ; d. i 7 May, 1863. 

2. .\lva Lee, b. 18 Jan., 1863, Andrew Co., Mo. ; d. 13 Feb., 1865. 

3. .Mice, b. I .Apr., 1865, .\ndrew Co., Mo. ; living. 

4. Robert Newton, b. 2 Nov., 1868, .Andrew Co., Mo. ; living. 

5. Kiturah, b. 31 July, 1874, St. Joseph, Mo. ; li\ing. 

6. Mountford and .Mva Lee of these children d. in .Andrew Co., Mo., 

but were bur. in Rochester, Mo. 

JK.SSR, fifth child of .NFounttbrd and Sallie Peter, m. 13 May. 1862. by Rev. J. 
C. Simmons. Sarah .\nn Ralijohn, who was the oUlest dr. of lulwin and Susan 
Rabjohn, and was burn in I'ruro, England. Jesse antl wife are li\ing at 
Salinas City, Cal., and ha\e had the following children ; 

1. Jessarah, b. 7 April, 1863, Salino Co., Cal. 

2. l^dwin Mountford, b. 8 .Aug. 1864, Salino Co., Cal. 

3. William Dea, b. 2 Dec. 1865, Sonoma Co., Cal. 

4. James McDonald, b. 20 June, 1867, Sonoma Co., Cal. 

5. Thomas N\'ay, b. 25 June, 1869, Sonoma Co., Cal.: d. 12 March, 

1879, ^"■■- '" I- ^^- '^'- ^- Cemetery, Salinas City, Monterey Co., Cal. 

[ 3o] 

6. Susan Alice, b. 28 March, 1S71, Salinas City, Monterey Co., Cal. .\11 
the children are at home in Salinas City, with their parents, except 
Jessarah, who is in Sacramento attending school. 

.\RIMATHEA, the first child of Mountford and Elizabeth Peter, that is, by the 
second marriage, was m. Aug., 1848, in Indiana, to William Leachman. 
Like Venietta Durham, she died in child-bed, 30 June, 1849. Her husband 
married again, and is living with this second wife and carrying on the 
blacksmith business in Washington Co., Ky. 

ALMIR/\, second child of Mountford and Elizabeth Peter, was m. 26 Jan., i860, 
in Washington Co., Ky., to Feli.\ McKittrick, who was a son of old Robert Mc- 
Kittrick. Felix was raised by his aunt, China Mitchell (daughter of Jesse and 
Milly Peter). Alniira, his wife, died 5 Nov. i860, in Texas, also during her first 
confinement, and her child did not sunive. P'elix is still living and is now in 
Texas, a dealer in cattle. He has never married again. 

PRESTON, the third child of Mountford and Elizabeth Peter, was ni. 26 May, 
1S64, near Mackville, Washington Co., Ky., by Rev. Geo. W. Dungan, to 
Mary Isabella Harber. Miss Harber was b. 6 Oct., 1S44. in Madison Co., 
Ky., and her parents were David Morrison and Jerome Harber. Dr. Preston 
graduated M.D. in the Medical Department of the University of New York, in 
March, 1861. He and his wife are of the Methodist persuasion. Their 
family is as follows : — 

1. A\'illiam Preston, b. 30 Jan., 1866, in Springfield, Ky. 

2. Leslie Harber, b. 12 Sept., 1868, in Springfield, Ky. 

3. Robert Hewett, b. 17 March, 1870, in Louisville, Ky. 

4. Emmett Morrison, b. 12 Oct., 187 1, in Louisville, Ky. 

5. Emory Evan, b. 29 June, 1874, in Pleasant Run, Ky. 

6. Laura, b. 3 Feb., 1S76, in Pleasant Run, Ky. 

7. Alice, b. 31 Oct., 1879, in AUensville, Ky. 
The children, a fine promising family, are all unmarried. 

EMORY, the fourth child of Mountford and Elizabeth Peter, is living in Texas, 
trading and shipping cattle, and is a lively _jv//«^ bachelor. 

ATHl'.NIA, the fifth child of Mountford and Elizabeth Peter, was m. I8^L^rch, 
1869, ill Washington Co., Ky., by Rev. Win. ]•'. Yaughn, to Thomas M. Flour- 
noy. Her husband was b. 10 Jan., 1827, and is living with his wife in ihe 
house where he was bom, on the eilge of Mackville. He never lived at any 
other place. He was the youngest son of Jas. and Martha O. P'lournoy, and a 
grandson of Samuel Flournoy, one of the early-d.ay settlers from Virginia. 
He is a farmer and a Methodist. He has been in feeble health for two 
years, in consequence of an enlargement of the spleen. They have ne\er 
had any children. 

[ 31 ] 

Athenia is an intellectual woman of great activity and large executive ability. 
She is the leader of church and Sunday-school organizations, and a constant 
worker in all educational and religious movements. Like most of Mountford's 
children she has, as an added accomplishment, a fine ear for music, and sings 
easily and correctly. She is the one, as previously remarked, who has been of such 
great assistance in our labors in these family investigations. 

ORCENETH, sixth and last child of Mountford and Elizabeth Peter, m. lo Feb., 
1870, Rev. Wm. F. Vaughn officiating, Kate Turner, who was b. in Washing- 
ton Co., Ky. Her parents were Harrison and Eliza Turner. Orceneth is a 
farmer and a school-teacher. They have no children. They are Methodists. 

This ends the record of the descendants of Mountford, oldest child of Jesse 
and Milly Peter. We pass now to the 

[ 32 ] 


2. JORDAN, the second child of Jesse and INIilly Peter, was one of the most 
pure-hearted, earnest, and powerful Christian characters that we ever meet 
in this world. These may seem strong terms, but they are not even 
striking enough to characterize this truly remarkable man. He seemed to 
inherit the piety, eloquence, musical talent, and deep religious fervor of 
his father, and. his whole life was wrapped up in working for the salva- 
tion of souls. One who knew him well, and who is an excellent judge 
of character, thus writes incidentally of him : "Jordan Peter was one of 
the noblest, and certainly the most truly pious, man I ever saw. Of all 
the Peter name — not excepting the preachers, William and Simon Peter, 
distant cousins of this branch of the family — he seemed to me to be the 
most beautiful and most attractive type. In my intercourse with him 
for years I cannot recall a single word or deed which was not in harmony 
with a noble, Christ-like soul. ' He was in the world, and yet was not 
of the world,' and, in fact, he seemed too good for such a worldly world. 
He was charitable to a fault. With his numerous other powers, that of 
a peculiarly stirring, deep, rich, melodious, plaintive voice makes an 
ineffaceable impression on my mind. His thoughts and actions were 
always in the spirit of the guiding words, 'Thus saith the Lord.' " 
It is to be regretted that the records we have to submit of the descendants 
of Jordan Peter are so imperfect, but the family has wandered off from the other 
branches, and its members have failed to keep up correspondence with their kins- 
men, so that we have not been able to reach the various lines in time to secure 
full returns for this book. The records, such as we have them, are as follows : — 
Jordan m. twice, ist, 21 March, 1822, Elizabeth Hansbraugh. She was b. 28 
Feb., 1S05, and d. in child-bed 7 Feb., 1S34, in Sullivan, Ind. Their religious 
belief was Methodist, although Miss Hansbraugh had been raised a Baptist. 
The children by this first marriage were : 

ij. Milly Ann, b. 21 Jan. 1S24; living in Maltoon, 111. 
2j. Mary Jane, b. i Oct., 1826 ; d. unm. 6 March, 1S77. 
3J. Emily, b. 6 Feb., 1828 ; living in Sullivan, Ind. 
4J. Elizabeth, b. 20 Nov., 1829 ; living in Sullivan, Ind. 
5J. Schuyler, b. 25 Jan., 1834; d. 6 Feb., 1S34, in Sullivan, Ind. 
Jordan m. 2(1, 9 July, 1S35, Sarah Gilkison. She was b. 10 March, 181 1. 
Jordan d. of diabetes 2 Aug., 1870, in Sullivan, Ind. From this second 
marriage the following children were born : 

6j. Jason Lee, b. 20 Aug., 1836, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; living in Sul- 
livan, Ind. 
7J. I'.diih, b. 21 March, 1838, in Sullivan Co., Ind.; living in Sullivan, 

[ 33] 

8j. Robert Clinton, b. 8 March, 1S40, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; living in 

Sullivan, Ind. 
9J. Martha, b. 8 Jul}-, 1842, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; Hving in Sullivan, 

loj. Ann Mariah,b. 6 March, 1S44, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; living in Sulli- 
van, Ind. 
iij. Margaret Adelaide, b. 19 June, 1S46, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; living 

in Sullivan, Ind. 
I2J. Catherine Amanda, b. 8 Jan., 1848, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; living in 

Sullivan, Ind. 
r3J. China, b. 21 Oct., 1849, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; d. of typhus 10 Dec, 

1865, in Sullivan Co., Ind. 
14J. Sarah Ellen, b. 3 April, 1S51, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; living. 
15J. Frances Caroline, b. 2 March, 1853, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; living. 
i6j. Hester Delilah, b. 19 May, 1855, in Sullivan Co., Ind. ; d. 3 Oct., 


MILLY ANN, the oldest child of Jordan and Elizabeth Peter, who was m. 
to a James Peter, I have been unable to reach in time, and consequently 
their family record is wanting. 

FAMILY, third child of Jordan and Elizabeth Peter, was ni., 24 Mar., 1846, 
in Sullivan, Ind., by Rev. Lealdus Forbs, to LaFayette Stewart. He was 
b. 12 Apr., 1826, in Greenville, Floyd Co., Ind. His father's name was 
Isaac Stewart, his mother's, Susan C. Redman. Isaac Stewart was b. 3 
.'Vpr., 1792, in Jefferson Co., Ky., seven miles from Louisville, and d. Aug. 
13, 1863, in Sullivan, Ind. Miss Redman was born in Clark Co., Ind., 
8 Mar., 1795, and d. 14 Oct., 1832, in New .Mbany, Ind. 

'I'iie children of LaFayette and Emily StewMrt are ; 

IS. Isaac Peter, b. 21 Jan., 1847. in Sullivan, Ind., d. 8 Dec, 1872, in Sulli- 
van, Ind. He m. 13 Dec, 1S66. at Sullivan, Ind., by Rev. John 
Montgomery, Eliza C. Johnston. They had one child, William La- 
P'ayette, who was born 4 Jan., 1870. and is living at ( )aktown, Ind. 

2s. Joseph Lane, b. 3 Sept., 1849, Graysville, Ind., m. in Sullivan, Intl., by 
Rev. John Montgomery, Presbyterian, Martha Purks, who was b. 
22 Nov., 1849, at Merom, Sullivan Co., Ind. The parents are both 
members of the Presliyterian church. .Miss lUuks' father. Porter 
Burks, came from Kentucky about 1836, to Sullivan Co., and has 
since lived there. His wife, Margaret Brocan, was a native of In- 
diana. She was thrown from a wagon, and died in consequence of the 
injuries received. 

[ 34 ] 

Mr. and Mrs. Josepli Lane Stewart have two children : 

1. Charles Edward, b. 21 Oct., 1869, in Sullivan, Ind. 

2. Margaret Emily, b. 18 Apr., 1874, in Sullivan, Ind. 
The parents and children are all living in Sullivan, Ind. 

3s. Penina Belsora, b. 24 Jan., 1S52, in Graysville, Ind., d. 30 Aug., 185..1, 

in Sullivan, Ind. 
4s. Charles Marion, b. 13 Jan., 1S55, in Sullivan, Ind., m. 26 Mar., 1874, 
by Rev. J.B. Danse, in Fort Wayne, Ind., Sarah M. Crawford, who was 
b. 7 Nov., 1854, at Fort Wayne, Ind. The wife belongs to the Baptist, 
the husband to the Presbyterian denomination. They have had one 
child : 

Bertha Florence, b. 14 Jan. 1S75, in Sullivan, Ind., where the 
parents and child are living. 
5s. Florence Bell, b. 7 Nov., 1S57, in Sullivan, Ind. ; living. 
6s. Susan Caroline, b. 3 Jan., 1861, in Sullivan, Ind., d. 2 Nov. 1861. 
7s. LaFayette (Jr.), b. 12 June, 1S64, in Sullivan, Ind. ; living. 
8s. Ralph, b. 6 Feb., 1868, in Sullivan, Ind. ; living. 

Mr. and Mrs. LaFayette Stewart and children are living in Sullivan, Ind. 
He is agent for a number of large insurance companies, principally those of 
Hartford, Conn. 

In compiling the statistics of the descendants of Jordan Peter, I have found 
a willing and efficient co-worker in Mr. Stewart, and I here wish to acknowledge 
his valuable and timely assistance. 

ELIZABETH, fourth child of Jordan and Elizabeth Peter, was ni. to William 
McKendrey Eaton. She is living at Blue Mound, 111. With few exceptions, 
her children belong to the Republican party and the Methodist church. 
I regret that the record is not more complete. The family, as I have it 
through the kindness of Mrs. Elizabeth Peter, is as follows : 

le. Emily M., b. 28 Nov., 1846, in Sullivan Co., 111., was m. to M. R. Wet- 
zel. Their children are : 
_ I. Clara N., b. 18 Mar., 1868, Christian Co., 111. 

2. William McKendrey, b. i Jan., 1872, Christian Co., III. 

3. Pearl, b. 1875, Christian Co., 111. 

4. Ira D., b. i Nov., 1876, Christian Co., 111. 

5. Nelly, b. 16 Feb., 1879, Christian Co., 111. 

2e. Mary E., b. 13 Feb., 1848, in Sangamon Co., 111.; d. 16 Mar., 1S48. 
36. P'.liza ]., b. 2 Nov., 1849, in Sangamon Co., 111. ; m. to .\. C. Butler. 
Their children are : 

1. Wilbur F., b. 21 Apr., 1872, in Bement, 111. 

2. Lena J., b. 2 Nov., 1876, in Moawcqua, 111. 

r. 1163357 

L oo J 

4e. Margaret A., b. 24 Aug., 1S51, in Sangamon Co., III.; was m. to \\'. A. 
Clawson. Tlieir children are : 

1. Gertrude A., b. 1S73. 

2. MjTtle, b. 4 Apr., 1875. 

3. Pereiee, b. 30 July, 1878. 

4. b. Mar., 1880. 

5e. William L., b. 10 j\ug., 1853, in .Sangamon Co., III. 

6e. Jordan S., b. 22 Jan., 1856, in Clnistian Co., III. 

76. Charles R., b. 20 Sept., 1857, in Christian Co., III. ; d. 5 Oct., 1857. 

8e. Artemisia, b. 6 Aug., 1861, in Christian Co., 111. ; d. 6 Sept., 1861. 

96. Dora, b. 6 Feb., 1865, in Christian Co., III. 

JASON LEE, the oldest child of Jordan and Sarah Peter, m. 4 Nov. i860, in 
Sullivan, Ind., Christiana E. Curtis, who was b. 14 Feb., 1839, in Sullivan 
Co., Ind. They belong to the Christian (or Campbellite) Church. Their chil- 
dren are : 

1. Malvinah Frances Caroline Somirah, b. 9 .-Vug., 1861. 

2. Eunice Albina Luella Roseyle, b. 15 Apr., 1S66. 

3. Oma Anna f:iizabeth, b. 16 Apr. 1868. 

All the children were born in Sullivan Co., Ind., where they and their parents 
reside at present. 

EDITH, second child of Jordan and Sarah Peter, was m. 25 Dec, 1857, to 
Hardy Osburn, and d. 2 Mar., 1879. Their children are : 

1. Martha .Mice, b. 7 Oct., 1859. 

2. Robert, b. 11 Feb. 1863. 

3. Mary Jane, b. 3 Jan. 1865. 
The family is Methodist. 

ROBERT CLINTON, third child of Jordan and Sarah Peter, m. 13 Jan., 
1870, by Rev. J. \X. Walker, to Sarah Elizabeth Dudley. They are living 
in Sullivan, Inil., and have remained in the Methodist Church. They have 
no children. To Mr. Robert C. Peter I am also indebted for friendly assistance 
in this work. 

MARTHA, fourth child of Jordan and Sarah Peter, was m. 7 Apr., 1867, to 
George VV. Smith ; but through some oversight, their family record has not 
reached nie. Mr. Smith has also been one of our constant contributors. He 
and his wife are Presbyterians. 

ANNA MARIAH, fifth child of Jordan and Sarah Peter, was m. 15 Feb., 
1866, in Sullivan Co., Ind., by Rev. Mr. Walker, to William M. Knotts. Mr. 
Knotts was a victim to consumption ; he d. 14 May, ii^79, in 1-lorida, but was 
brought home for burial. He was b. 21 Jan., 1S39, in Sullivan Co., Ind. 
They had no children. 

[ 36 ] 

MARGARET ADELAIDE, sixth child of Jordan and Sarah Peter, is un- 
married, and lives where slie was born, in .Sullivan Co., Ind. She is an 
earnest and noble worker in the Metliodist Church. 

CATHERINE AMANDA, seventh child of Jordan and Sarah Peter, was m. 
by Rev. T. Davis, in Sullivan, Ind., to Edward Perry Smith. They are 
Methodists, and their family is as follows : 

1. Walter A., b. S Feb., 1877, in White Co., 111.; d. 13 Aug., 1S77, 

in Calvin, White Co., 111. 

2. Norah, b. 3 July, 1879, in White Co., 111. 
They are living in Calvin, White Co., 111. 

SARAH POLLEN, ninth child of Jordan and S.uah Peter, was ni. 20 Dec.. 
1S71, in Sullivan, Ind., by Rev. Hiram Gillmore, Methodist, to Edward M. 
Roberts, who was b. at Frankfort, Ky., 31 Jan., 1S51. They have had no 
children. They are members of the Methodist Church, and faithful workers 
in its ranks. They are now living in Grayville, White Co., 111. 

FRANCES CAROLINE, tenth child of Jordan and Sarah Peter, was m. 21 May, 
1873, in Sullivan, Ind., by Rev. Mr. Armstrong, to James P.Walls, who was b. 
30 Apr., 184S. Their children are : 

1. Ora May, b. 22 May, 1874, in Sullivan, Ind. ; living. 

2. Dora Lee, b. 9 Oct., 1875, '" Sullivan, Ind. ; d. 25 Nov., 1S75, 

in Pa.\ton, Ind. 

3. William Tell, b. 13 Feb., 1877, in Pa.\ton, Ind. ; living. 

4. Mina L., b. 20 Dec, 1879, in Paxton, Ind. ; living. 

The family is of the Campbellite denomination, and are all living in Sullivan 
Co., Ind. 

This ends the record of the descendants of Jordan Peter, second child of 
Jesse and Milly Peter. We now pass to the 

[ 37 ] 


4. MARTH.\ SHEPARD, named after her uncle, Shepard Sweeney, the fourtli 
cliild and oldest daughter of Jesse Peter and Milly Sweeney, was m. to Col. 
James McDonald (No. 84, Ed. B, McDonald Genealog}-), near Mackville, 
Washington Co., Ky. His father was Major Richard McDonald (No. 26, 
Ed. B), who had come with his twin brother Alexander in early times from 
Virginia, and settled on Long Lick, near Mackville, Ky. Until her tenth 
year her life was spent in Mercer Co., Ky., where her parents lived. Her 
mother was the daughter of Moses Sweeney, a Scotchman. Col. James, 
her husband, was a man of i)rominence in that portion of his State. He 
served in various public positions, and was in the House of Representatives 
of Kentucky in 1828, '29, '32, and in the Senate from i&33-'sT. The 
McDonalds to whom he belongs landed in Delaware in 1689, migrated in 
part from there to Virginia, and have since scattered all over the Union. 
He died 16 March, 1865, and is now buried in the Masonic Cemetery, San 
Francisco, Cal. His widow lives with her only survi\-ing daughter, Mrs. 
Elliott, cor. Bush and yth Sts., Oakland, Cal. Col. James McDonald and 
Martha Shepard Peter were married 29 Sept., 1819, atthe Jesse Peter home, 
three miles from Mackville, Ky. Rev. Nathan Hall, of the Presb. belief, a 
particular friend of the family, officiated. From this union the following 
children were born (the numbers are from Ed. B, McDonald Genealogy) : 

257. DR. RICH.\RD H.WS, the "pioneer" spirit of this family, was born 21 
June, 1S20, near what the Post-office Guide now calls Mackville, though it 
should be Macksville, Washington County, Ky. 
Since then his life has been a very eventful one, carrying him in its calls 
through all i)ortions of our country, and several times to Europe. In this brief 
notice it would be impossible to present even an outline of his career ; none, 
therefore, is attempted. In a more extended work, at some future time, I hope 
to have the pleasure of entering into detail upon the scenes through which he 
has moved, but must pass them by for the present. There is only one prominent 
trait in his character to which I wish to call attention in this place, and that 
is his manly ambition. With his early years, we see him striving for an elevation 
of character, and for the perfection of the greatest gifts of intellect and heart. 
A strong religious spirit, the best education possible, and good health, were in 
his youth, in his manhood, and have been ever since the acquisitions he has con- 
sidered of paramount importance in life. 

[ 38 ] 

It is a common thing to find people ascribing to youth virtues which a 
long ancl trying career have developed, and they begin to remember, when success 
has crowned the etlbrts of the man in advanced age, that such and such character- 
traits were prominent even in his childhood, when before they never thought of 
detecting those peculiarities, which, to be candid, probably did not exist there 
except in a very rudimentary state. 

Such, however, was not the case with Dr. R. H. McDonald, as I shall illus- 
trate by a letter further on. Early in life, his main policy was thought out and 
developed, and steadily, for years and years, he kept working for the results which 
he finally reached for the most part, and which he hopes to see more and more 
attained as his life-work nears its final form. 

He has never wavered from a strong moral, honest, industrious course, and 
his voice and means have ever been ready in the support of religion, education, 
and temperance. In connection with his business, he has managed to send out and 
carefully distribute more than one hundred million well-written, true, and manly 
appeals' for temperance, moral rectitude, and industry, besides the hundreds and 
hundreds of letters he has written to friends and relatives on these subjects. His 
life, too, under most trying circumstances, has been morally pure and spotless, and 
his business actions, although energetic, have been honest and open-handed. A 
copy of his latest labors in the temperance cause I append at the end of this 
book, and to its contents I most earnestly invite the attention of all vi-ell-wishers 
of our kin in particular and of the human race in general. If, after reading and 
thinking it over, you should desire additional copies of this circular letter, 
you can secure them by addressing him, care Pacific Bank, San Francisco, 
California. In any case, I beg of you not to fail to read the letter : it will do you 
no harm, whatever may be your views, and it may lead you to consider some sides 
of a question which never occurred to you before. 

In evidence of his unusually well and early established principles, I beg leave 
to submit for your perusal a letter, which he wrote in 1844, at the age of 23, to 
his cousin Paris Peter, now living near Mackville, Ky. This letter, kept by its 
owner under somewhat curious circumstances, is a forcible illustration of those 
traits of character which we see soon after forming the guiding principle of the 
young man's life, and which are now visible in all his actions, as is universally 
conceded by those who know him. This letter, be it remembered, was between 
young men, friends and cousins, and yet notice the manly, high moral tone of it, 
the appeal for better education, the desire to enter the battle of life well prepared, 
and with a pure heart and firm resolve to face whatever it might have in store. 
There are not many young men in our limes -who, with fellow-companions, 
would show such firmness of character and speak for such a noble course of 
life, however strongly they themselves might feel; but here the convictions were 
so grounded that they clamored for utterance. I give you, on this memorial 
occasion, this old and to me precious letter, just as it is, with its imperfections, 
and I trust that it will bear to you, as it certainly does to me, an unmistakable 
evidence of the existence, years before its writing, of the beautiful virtues which 
break forth asrain and asjain from its lines: — 

vl/^. ^--^^ ^/(yfy^^/.C^ 

[ 39 ] 

At Home, Sigar-Trek Grove, Washington Co., Ky., 
Mr. Paris Peter: M^'ch 9- '«-44- 

Dear Cousin, — Your letter caine to hand in good time, judging from tlie 
date of it. I was truly glad to receive your friendly lines, notwithstanding the 
sharp reproofs they gave ine ; for perhaps the censures were just. As for paying but 
little attention when you told me you were going away, I can only excuse myself by say- 
ing that I fully expected to see you again, before you started. And as for my absent- 
mindedness, I hope my apology will be sufficient when I tell you that I was so deeply 
immersed in a love-scrape that I could not think of anything else, and you met with 
about as much attention as any one other than the precious apple of my eye. But I 
thank my stars such is not the case at present ; I have entered into a new state of exist- 
ence, figuratively speaking. I have laid aside those numerous rounds of affected 
pleasures, and am endeavoring to gather in those wandering and prodigal notions that 
beset me so awfully on all sides ; and 1 am trying to collect them into one body, and con- 
centrate them into a channel of useful knowledge ; but they are a little like the healing of 
an old chronic disease ; when I think that I have perfectly cured the disease, the first 
thing I know it is breaking out in some other place. But I think that by repeated appli- 
cations of strong resolution, I shall overcome the disease, at least sufficient to give 
Reason her sway instead of Passion. 

Macksville got too small for me, and 1 left it some time ago, and have come to the 
country to give myself more room, and have been going to school here some few weeks 
and expect to go several months longer. I have no set time how long I shall go, but 
more than likely about two years. I am boarding at home and going to Logan Boslee in 
the seminary in town. He is an excellent teachar, and has a large school. Paris, sad 
experience has taught me that without an education a man makes but a small show in this 
enlightened and religious world. Though many of my golden moments have fleeted by 
into eternity laden with almost every folly of youth, there are many to come yet, if my 
hopes should not be nipped by a premature frost in the days of my youth, and I intend 
to improve the future by the follies of the pist. 

Your letter seems to have been wTitten under a great depression of spirits, which 
makes me feel very unpleasant to think that I should have a near relative, a stranger in a 
strange land, denied some of the highest privileges of society. Well, I say to you, stick 
to the text in your letter: if your position there never entitles you to those privileges, 
your conscious innocence will calm your bosom : a gem worth thousands of fortunes 
beautified by all the praise of human flattery, if this be spotted over with guilt.* But no, 
a man who pursues this course cannot be kept down : he is like pure gold, the more you 
rub it the brighter it shines, and every inch he gains he holds it, though his progress be 
slow. Let such reflections be your encouragement. 

Paris, permit me here to drop you a word of friendly advice, it is this : come home and 
go to school, or go to school where you are. I know that your education like my own is 
limited ; and without a good education you can be but poorly prepared for any business 
in life ; while with it you can be prepared for almost any calling. From what I learn from 
you, you can be making but very little where you are, although 1 do not learn what you 
are or have been doing, or what you expect to do ; but I have no doubt but that your 
father would board you and send you to school as long as you might wish to go. A 
couple of years going to school would soon pass by, and would entitle you to a station 
among mankind which you need never look for under present circumstances ; and I wish 
to impress this fact ser'ously upon your mind, and I wish you to read this part 
of my letter to some of your friends, who have a good education and ask their 

* The letter has become blurred here and in several other places from folding, and the words are too indis- 
tinct to be read with certainty. I have given them just as they appear, without trying to establish their intended 



advice ; but not to any one wlio knows not the worth of it. In saying this to you. 
I do not wish to dispossess .■\unt Allie of tlie only one, perhaps, on earth, to whom 
she looks as a protector ; but it is better for her to swap you for some one else 
during a time, than that you should miss one of the greatest fortunes rnan ever possessed : 
I mean, a cultivated mind. Now there are many arguments I could use to you on this 
subject, and would take great pleasure in doing it, but have not room on this little S by 
10 sheet, so I shall just ask you to reason with yourself on this subject, and see if I am 
not right. 

Now for something else. Our country has been generally in good health. Since you 
left here, there have been but few deaths, but many births ; only few marriages, but a 
great many expected. I will here name some of these changes: first, deaths, — old 
Uncle Ale.xander McDonald and his old servant Jim, Eliza Chain, Grandpa, old Sam, and 
others. Of marriages, John Bosley and Hettie E. Head ; Melissa Shewmaker and a man 
from near Danville ; Wilkeson Hall and some lady, I forget her name ; Jemima Karris 
and D. Askins ; Mary Gibbons and Berdetta Levi of Louisville are to be married the 
4th of April, I am to be second best in the game for him by the side of Mary A. Spears. 
. . . There are others, but 1 shall leave you to guess at them. 

We are all doing the best we can here ; my father is carrying on the plough business on 
a pretty large scale ; he will have finished about a hundred ploughs by the first of April, 
during the fall, winter, and spring, about half of which he has sold already. I think that 
it will result very profitably for him. 

We have had a good many very fine parties in and about Macksville this winter, and 
there are several others in anticipation. I am often inquired of what has become of you. 
I have been telling them that I learned you had gone to Tennessee, but did not know for 
sure, as I had not heard a word from you since you left. They tell me often tliat they 
would give a good deal to see you, and are wishing for your return. Now, Paris, you see 
I am so near the end of my paper that I must come to a close. The family all wish to be 
remembered to you with their best respects. I wart you to write again soon, especially 
in relation to your going to school. 

R. H. McDonald. 

P. S. {II 'ritten on tlic margins.') Mother, Milly Ann, and myself want our compliments 
sent to Aunt Allie. Tell her for me.that I do not intend staying liere any longer than enough 
to complete my education ; then I intend setting up my shingle in some new country for an 
honest living. The Platte makes the brightest spot in my memory, at present. ... I 
suppose you heard that Uncle John and Kitty were here last fall. Uncle Joe 
had his pocket-book stolen with JiSo in it ; on his return home he got his book, but lost 
the money. Thos. Laum and Richard Gibbons, who went to the Platte last spring, have 
both lost their wives and three or four of their children. That is the country lor you, 
Paris ; there perfect equality reigns ainong all virtuous members of society. Old man 
Robinson, T. J. Shaw, and the whole business, are going to start in a few days to Mis- 
souri. Robinson sold his property to Logan and John Bosley. Hartford and Fanny have, 
I think, dissolved all intentions. Cyrus is leaning up to Adaline Shewmaker like a sick 
kitten to a warm jamb. I think that they will marry ; if not, it won't be his fault. 

Paris, that little dove you spoke of, I would like to know who she is ; I can't guess. 
Eliza Wycoff is living with Ad., and Ad. is safely lodged in the arms of Jone Gray. John 
Wycoff is keeping a drug-store in Harrodsburg. Nute Bennett is one of the wildest and 
prettiest girls we have here. Bernetta and Mary Potts have both itnproved very much, 
and say they are both going to school this summer, and I have no doubt but that they 
will. Hill McDonald is keeping store for J. M. Smith. Milly Ann is not married yet, 
Ina wants to be very much. .Mary I. Mitchell is single yet and as pretty as ever. There 
is an old widower alter Amanda 1)., with a sharp stick, but 1 don't think that he will get 

[ 41 ] 

Our Uniform company is yet in vogue, but gone pretty mucli to nothing. I am the 
only commissioned officer in it, and I am going to resign on the next muster-day. .Martha 
Flournoy is yet single, and is prettier than ever. Miss Jane Hickman is trying to make 
up another school in Macksville, but I don't think that she will succeed. Busby has re- 
turned, and has brought back, I understand, $ioo of Aunt Aliie's money. Beverly Dick- 
erson is setting to Martha Schooling. Old John Peter has sold liis farm to Sam Peter, 
and is going to start to Mo. in a short time. Macksville is a very civil place, and the 
Temperance cause holds its own. Farewell. R. H. McD. 

To Mr. I',\ris Peter, Knoxville, Tenn. 

The Platte, to which he makes frecjuent reference, was that great district 
in Western Missouri which was just then being settled ; it had been purchased 
from the Indians, and was being quickly taken up by new incomers. It went by 
the name of " Platte's Purchase " or " The Platte." A few years before, he had 
been on a visit up there among his relatives living in different sections, and had 
seen frontier life in all its romance. The whole expense of the trip, too, he had 
paid out of his own savings. 

As may be inferred from several allusions of the letter, he was then studying 
medicine, which he continued at Springfield for two years, and then went to the 
medical school in St. Louis, Mo. After leaving there, he entered into practice at 
Nauvoo, lived through and took a prominent part in the disgraceful scenes incident 
to the e.xpulsion of the Mormons there ; and, although having no sympathy with 
their creed, he tried, at the frequent peril of his life, to stand up for their rights 
as men and fellow-citizens. When it was no longer possible for any law-abiding 
citizen to remain and prosper in that place, he left for the Southern States, but 
settled, by a strange accident, in Prairie de Roche, 111. He there built up a fine 
practice, but was forced to abandon it on account of poor health, which that 
malarial district brought on. 

He left, in 1849, for the Pacific coast, had a very noteworthy trip across the 
plains, and reached California about July 15. He settled in Sacramento, where he 
engaged at first in selling miners' outfits, then resumed his practice of medicine, 
and built up a fine business. He was county physician until he finally withdrew from 
the profession and went into the drug business. He was the largest wholesale 
druggist in California for years. He retired from active business on the Pacific 
coast, sold his drug-houses in Sacramento and San Francisco, and for several years 
kept only the New York branch which is now under the direction of his partner. 
Dr. J. C. Spencer. 

In 1878 Dr. R. H. went back to San Francisco, never ha\ing transferred his 
citizen-rights from California, identified himself more closely witii the Pacific Bank, 
of which he was one of the founders, antl had been for a long time a director, and 
became its vice-president. He is now its president, and his brother. Captain 
James, also one of its founders and continual directors, is its vice-president. 
Together they manage a good, conservative bank. .\ copy of its last statement 
I submit herewith. 

[4-^ ] 

Cor. Pine and Sansom Streets. 

Siin FranciSiO, CaL, 'jan. i, 1880. 

IJEAR Sir, — With the opening of the New Year, and the evident prospective revival of 
business in all branches, we desire to call your attention to the annexed Statement of tlie 
affairs of this bank ; and to offer you our services, should you at any time desire to open an 
account in this citj-, or make any change in your jnesent banking arrangements. 


Real Estate fi 50,01 

Bills Receivable 

Overdrafts (Solvent) 

Seairity Investments 

Land Association and Dock Stacks . 
Due from Banks and Bankers . . 
Cash (Coin in our Vault) .... 




Capital Stock . . . 
Profit and Loss . . . 
Due Depositors . . . . 
Due Banks and Bankers 
Due Dividends . . . 

accordance with the requirements of the Banking Laws of the State of California, we hereby verify the 

above Statement. 

STATE OF CALIFORNIA, CiTV and County of San 
President, and S. G. Murphy, Cashier of Pacific Bank, do make oatli ; 
true to the best of their knowledge and belief. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 1 7th day of January, 1 880. 1 
[seal] E. H. Tharp, Notary PiiHk. j 

;isco, ss. — V.. H. McDonald, 
■ that the foregoing statement is 

McDoxALD, Preside) 
Murphy, Cashier. 


ng experience in banking in 
business in all its details, and no efforts will be 
with us every advantage appertaining to their ii 

We give advice in detail of all credits, and acknowl- 
edge promptly all letters, and will furnish a private 
Telegraphic Code to correspondents, when requested. 

Shipments of Gold and Silver Bullion will have 
special care and prompt returns. 

Being connected by Telephone with all the princi- 
pal warehouses and the Produce E.xchange, we 
keep thoroughly posted in the Wheat.Grain, and Flour 
market, and arc prepared at all times to make loans 
on Flour, Wheat, and Barley, and other improved 
merchandise in warehouse. 

Investments made on Commission, and special at- 
tention given to the negotiation of first-class loans of 
cities, counties, and other corporations. 

We buy and sell Bills of Exchange on the princi- 
pal cities in the United States, England, France, and 

this city, we have a thorough knowledg 
spared by us to render to tliose opening ; 

Collections made and prompt retiuns rendered at 
market rates of exchange. 

Telegraphic transfers made with New York, Boston, 
Chicago, and principal cities of the U. S. ; also, cable 
transfers to Europe. 

Letters of Credit and Commercial Credits issued on 
the princijial cities of the United States and Europe. 

Loans made on good collaterals or approved names. 
Good Business Notes and Drafts discoimted at lowest 
market rates. 

Deposits received, subject to check without notice. 

National, State, City, and County Bonds and War- 
rants, and other Securities, bought and sold. 

We respectfully call attention to our facilities for 
doing every kind of legitimate Banking Business. 

A I'rudentand Conservative Course is one of the 
first iirinciples of successful Banking. This will be 

S. G, MURPHY, Cashier. 

R. H. McDonald, President. 

[ 43 ] 

Dr. R. H. McDonald lias always shunntd the responsibilities of executive 
positions, for he has claimed that there were many others whose early oppor- 
tunities had been more favorable, and better fitted them for filling those leading 
places. He has, nevertheless, against his will, been unanimously selected to fill 
various offices of importance, into the enumeration of which I cannot enter here, 
and when so called, has done his best to meet the duties devolving on him, 
and, I maybe pardoned for saying it, has, I think, invariably acquitted himself with 
credit. Besides the position of presidency of the I'acific Bank of San Francisco, 
which he accepted in January, i8So, he is a director of the Farmers' Bank of 
Savannah, Andrew County, Mo., of the Eufaula National Bank, P'ufaula, Ala., and 
of the Exchange National Bank of Norfolk, Va. 

In 1 85 1, on 5 Aug., he married Mrs. Sarah Mariah Steinagel. She was 
born at Atlas, Pike Co., Ill, on 3 Feb., 1823, but almost her whole life was spent 
near Quincy, 111., whither the family moved. Her parents' names were Daniel and 
Elizabeth Whipple. Daniel died S Nov., 1841, aged 59 years i month ; she died 
27 May, 183S, aged 49 yrs. 2 mos. 16 days. This branch of the Whipple 
family has been more or less prominent in our history : one of them was a signer 
of the Declaration of Independence ; another member of the family was the general 
and engineer who constructed the system of forts around Washington, D. C. ; and 
Bishop Whipi)le, the great Indian advocate, is another of the same connection. 

SARAH M. WHIPPLE was m. ist, 9 May, 1839, by Rev. Mr. Fisher, to Joshua 
B. Ijams, who died 7 Apr., 1844, aged 29 yrs. 3 mos. and 7 days. From this 
imion were born : 

William Henry H., b. 3 Sept., 1840 ; d. 17 Jan., 1S52, aged 11 yrs. 4 

mos. 14 days. 
John Daniel, b. 20 Nov., 1842, is assistant cashier. Pacific Bank, San 
Francisco, Cal, and m. Dec. 25, Christmas Day, 1876, Florence Line- 
kin,who w-as b. 14 Dec, 1S52. They have one child, a bright little 
girl, Martha Adelaide, who was b. 20 Nov. 1878. .\11 are living and 
doing well in San Francisco, Cal. 
Sarah M. Ijams was m. 2d, to Charles Frederic Steinagel, by Re\ . Mr. Marks, 
30 Sept., 1S46. He was b. in Obermohmen, Dukedom Darmstadt, derman}-, 
8 July, 181 7; d, cholera, Fort Laramie, 16 June, 1850, aged 32 yrs. 10 
mos. 24 days. By this marriage they had the following children : 

Charles Frederick, Jr., 1). ro July, 1S47 ; d. 1S77, by a railroad accident. 
Theodore Christian, b. 11 Mar., 1849; d. 7 Nov., 1850, aged i yr. 7 
mos. 27 days ; bur. Sacramento Cemetery, Cal. 
Sarah M. Steinagel, was m. 3d, in Sacramento, Cal., by Rev. J. .\. Benton. 
Congregat. (valedictorian, Yale, '42), on 5 .Aug., 1851, to Dr. Richard Hays 
McDonald. She died in Brooklyn, N.Y., on 21 Oct.. 1S66, altera long 
illness of an attack of ceresis of the liver, and is buried in lot No. i 744, 
Battle Hill District, Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, L.I. I'.y this last mar- 
riage they had the following children : 

[ 44 ] 

493- Frank \'ii'gil. 1). 20 Apr., 1852, was graduated in 1S7S at Vale, and 
in 1S79 ^' Harvard; is at present a Law Student in Harvard 
University, Cambridge, Mass. 

494. Richard Hays, Jr., b. 28 Aug., 1854, in Sacramento, Cal. ; is now 

in the class of 1881, at Yale College, New Haven, Connecticut. 
Both 493 and 494 are unmarried. 

495. Martha Shepard, b. 7 Apr., 1859, in Sacramento, Cal. ; was m. 17 

Feb., 1879, to John C. Spencer, Jr. Have one child, a boy, 
named McDonald Spencer, who was b. 28 Nov., 1879. Their 
address is 1 1 7 \V. 6ist St., New York City, N.Y. 

As this child is the third great-grandchild of Martha Shepard McDonald, 
and the first great-grandchild by a mother who was before marriage a McDonald, 
and as it is the only class-cup boy ever known in the family, I have thought it fit- 
ting to embody here its picture and the picture of the "class cup" of which it has 
just been the recipient, with a report of the proceedings. 

It is an old-time custom in most colleges to present to the first-born boy of 
any member of the class, a cup, cradle, or something similar, as a token of their 
interest in the new generation, and their willingness to stand as its godfather. The 
child is called the " class-boy '' or " cup-boy," and the cup the "class " or " baby 
cup." In this instance, the father is a student at Columbia College, New York City, 
and as the ceremonies are a little peculiar there, I submit the account of them 
taken from the Columbia (College) Spectator of Jan. 27, 1880, pages 104-106. 

A little more detailed report of the presentation appeared in the " Acta Col- 
umbiana," Vol. XII., No. 8, but reached us too late for first consideration. The 
" Spectator " says : — 


It had been rumored that the Sophomores were to present Mr. Spencer with 
a baby cup, in honor of his son and heir, and in consequence, Prof. Van Amringe's 
room was crowded, on the afternoon of Wednesday, January 14, with an enthusi- 
astic throng, composed of all the classes, from the gravest and most-beavered Senior 
to the youngest and most lamb-like Freshman, with here and there a Miner in his 
overalls, fresh from the sweet-smelling laboratory. 

President Gillies called the assembly to order, and announced that Mr. Ro- 
maine would present the cup. Mr. Romaine said: — 

"Gentlemen, — After the able speech of the gentleman who has just pre- 
ceded me, I feel that I can hardly say anything further ; nevertheless, a few remarks 
from me on this occasion may not be entirely out of place. {Cr/a of- Go on /' etc.) 
Little did we think, when we first began our now dearly beloved Anglo-Sa.xon Reader, 
that the first words which met our eyes on the opening page of the book were to be 
so ominous. There we rcacL, as the gentlemen will remember. Sum man /ms Sci-d 
siPAo {grca/ apj^hiusi), and it is in honor of this event that we are gathered here 

" When I look about mc and behold the beaming countenances of members of 
other classes, a sense of profound pity steals over me, as it doubtless docs over 


[45 ] 

every other member of the Class of '82, that they have never had the opportunity 
of celebrating such an event as tliis. {Applause from '82.) It is true they may 
claim that their collegiate career has been marked by circumstances equally impor- 
tant ; but, gentlemen of the Class of '82, what care we for the scholarship and 
classic attainments of '80, for the prowess at the oar, and the immense powers at 
engulfing the foaming zythum of 'Si, for the infantile (immense uproar) horde and 
hyperbolic cheek of '83 {cheers from '82, and howls frovi '83), as long as '82 is the 
first class in this, or, as far as we know, in any other college, that has presented a 
hona-fide Baby Cup in its Sophomore year? {Great applause.) 

"The gentleman in whose honor we are assembled here to-day has a material 
advantage over the ordinary married man. When the time comes, as it soon will, 
when he shall take his little cooing infant upon his knee, and shall sing to him 
nursery rhymes and songs in his sweetly persuasive voice, he will not be compelled 
to fall back upon the hackneyed themes of Mother Goose, but will be supplied 
from his college associations with an almost inexhaustible fund of anecdote and 
song. What could be more pleasing to the infantile ears than to be told, for 
instance, how the fellows stamped with their footsy-tootsies on the floor of the room 
of him who is said to be va-TariK iv dpyvy, voraTos iv TroXe/ioi kul — (The remainder of 
this quotation was lost in the noise which followed somebody's e.xclainiing, 'Who 
was Great Scott?' the whole class responding, 'Last in peace, last in war, and last 
in the heart of the Sophomore ! ') 

" I see you know the translation of that quotation. But, gentlemen, I will not 
detain you any longer, for I see Mr. Nies looking at me with longing eyes, and I 
know he wants to get off a poem which he has written for the occasion. I therefore, 
in behalf of the committee, present to you, John Campbell Spencer, for your son 
and heir, McDonald Spencer, the Baby Cup of the class of '82." 

Mr. Spencer rose to receive the cup, and was greeted with loud and prolonged 
cheers and vociferous demands for a speech, in response to which he divested him- 
self of a most voluminous ulster, and, ascending the platform, began ; — 

" Fellow-classmates, — Making speeches is not my forte, but I thank you all 
for the memento {cheers for the memento) and the kind thought you have shown 
for my son and heir. {Cheers for the son andhcir,follo7vedby more for the wife.) 
Outsiders and sister colleges {prolonged cheers for Fassar) — I repeat, outsiders 
and sister colleges make a mistake when they accuse Columbia of lack of fellow- 
feeling and student life, and the present occasion is an evidence of their error. I 
thank you for the memento, and Mrs. Spencer thanks you for the interest you have 
shown in her husband and son. 

" When I first learned of the proposition, it was as a jest (here some misguided 
Senior, forgetful of his dignity, remarked, ' Jest so,' which nearly caused the orator 
to faint ; but, recovering himself, he continued), — it was as a jest, and as sucli I 
treated it ; but it has turned from jest to earnest, and it is with the greatest pleasure 
that I appear before you to receive such an honor. 

" It seems right, however, that I should give to the voluntary godfathers some 
account of their godson. At birth the young man weighed S}^ pounds, but since then 
he has increased till he now tips the scale at 9 pounds. He has dark hair {Cries of 
' Like his father !') and dark gray eyes, and a small snub, which his mother says will 
soon become a iiandsome nose like that of his father. {Laughter.) 

[46 ] 

"In conclusion, I would state that you all know my course, and that, if you 
wish to be the recipients of a Baby Cup, I would say to each of you, ' Go and do 
likewise.' " 

Mr. Spencer sat down amid great applause, and the President then announced 
that Mr. Nies would read a poem which he had prepared for the happy occasion. 

Mr. Nies thereupon took the platform, and, though strenuously urged by 
several to mount on the table, remained content where he was, and, having mildly 
deprecated the idea that he was burning with anxiety to deliver his poem, and hav- 
ing begged the indulgence of the audience on account of the difficulty of his theme, 
he recited the following : — 

" My classmates, brothers of tlie hour. 
Here gathered at this happy time, 
I know that from your hearts there pour 
Good wishes, more than I can rhyme. 
For this, our baby boy ! 

" The time must come when we must part — 
Our happy college days shall end ; 
But, in the world's wide, busy mart. 
With thoughts of other things we 'II blend 
Our first, our baby boy ! 

" Hail to the Class of Eighty-two ! 
And may a lasting, joyful pride. 
Mingle the dashing Wliite and Blue 
With praises that shall long abide 

For this, our Soph'more boy ! 

" And thou, our youthful friend, wilt know, 
When thou art old enough to sup 
Thy tea or beer or wine, or so — 
Thou drink'st it from the Baby Cup 

We gave our baby boy ! " 

President Gillies, at the conclusion of the poem, announced that Mr. Otis, the 
Class Historian, would make a few remarks. The Historian rose and made a few 
humorous remarks, and closed by saying that he " offered to Mr. and Mrs. Spencer, 
who was one of Vassar's fairest daughters, the congratulations of "82." 

The Class President then informed all but the Sophomores that, if they would 
retire, the class would hold a meeting, and the room was thereupon cleared. 

258. MH.LV ANN, the second child of Col. James and Martha S. McDonald, b. 
31 Jan., 1822, near Mackville, Ky., was m. by Rev. William Conway, Mcth.. 
17 Dec, 1844, to M. F. Wakefield, M.D., who was born near Bloom- 
field, Nelson Co., Ky., 1 6 July, 1 8 1 6. She died 29 Jan., 1 858, and was bur. 
in Savannah, .\nilrew Co., ^^o. Their children arc : 

A 120. Janu-s William, b. 13 July, 1S47, near Mackville, Ky., and 
d. 20 July, 1S47. 

[47 ] 

A 121. Sam Rell, b. 12 Apr., 184S. near Mack\-ille, Ky. ; m. Sarah 
WL-bster. They are lixing in San Francisco, CaL, where he 
i.s one of the most prominent mining-stock brokers of the 
Pacific Coast. 

Sam Bell studied in Savannah, Mo., then went away to scliool, and entered finall\- 
the University of Indiana, where he graduated A.B. in 1S6S, and received degree 
of A.M. from same institution in 187 1. He then returned to his native place, 
took charge of the homestead, and read a little medicine under his father, with the 
intention of preparing for that profession. He abandoned this idea, however, and 
under the auspices of his uncles went to California, and entered the mining 
connections of that State. He was secretary of a mining company and afterwards 
superintendent of a mine. He then came to San Francisco, where the assistance of 
his uncles and the proofs he had given of his capabilities in the mountains at the 
mines themselves secured for him several secretaryships of mines. Later, he entered 
the office of his uncle. Colonel Mark L. McDonald, then the leading stock-broker 
of California. Here he remained until Mark L. went East, and gave up his business 
to his assistants. Sam Bell, who had been admitted to the San Francisco Stock 
Board, paying his $26,000 for a seat, ^as now able to operate for himself, which 
he did successfully. AVhen the large patronage of his uncle Mark L. was placed 
at his command, he was skilful enough to hold it, and has even added to it. 
He fonned later a copartnership with Mr. A. W. Foster, Mark L.'s leading man, and 
the firm has undoubtedly the largest and best-paying line of custom of any brokers 
on the coast. 

Tiie office of S. 15. Wakefield cS: Co. is 322 Pine Street, and Sam Bell's private 
residence is corner of Post and Polk Streets, both places in San Francisco, Cal. 

Sam Bell and Sarah Webster were m. 26 May, 1875, in Savannah, Mo., by the 
Re\-. Mr. Cruikshanks, at the house of the bride. Miss Webster was b. 20 
Aug. 1 85 1, in Canandaigua, N. Y. ; her parents' names are J. N. and Naomi 
Webster, her mother's maiden name was Morgan. 
Sam Bell and wife have the following beautiful promising children : 
Sam Bell, Jr., h. S May, 1S76, in San Francisco, Cal. 
Franklin Webster, b. iS Nov., 187S, in San Francisco, Cal. 
These are the first two great-grandchildren of Mrs. Martha Shepard McDon- 
Donald, and McDonald S[iencer, the class-cup boy, is the third. 

The other children of Mr. and Mrs. Dr. \\-akefield are : 

.\ 122. Martha Abigail, b. 19 Apr., 1851, in Rochester, Mo., and was 

m. 1878, to J. E. McLognn. 
A 123. Alice Copies, b. 2 F'eb., 1853, in Savannaii. Antlrew Co., Mo. ; 

d. 29 July, 1855. 
A 124. Mary Elizabeth, b. 4 Feb., 1S54. in S;ivannah : d. 27 Ajir., :855. 
.■\ 125. Mary Alice, b. 10 Sept.. 1S56. was m. 1879. to N. Kinly. 
A 126. Franklin, b. 19 Dec, 1S57: d. 21 Jan., 185S. 

[ 48 ] 

All the children, witli the exception of Sam Fiell, are living in Savannah, 
Andrew Co., Mo. 

In 1858, 12 Aug., Dr. Wakelneld married a second time. His wife was 
Hannah Ann, the dr. of Joseph and Mary Roberts of Shelby Co., Ky. 
She was b. 7 Aug. 1838, in Shelby Co., Ky. Their children are: 

1. Edward Everett, b. 3 Oct., 1859, in Savannah, Mo. 

2. Louonne (?) Steel, b. 4 Dec, 1S61, in Savannah, Mo. 

3. Milly Ann, b. i Jan., 1863, in Savannah, Mo. 

4. Louella, b. 25 Mch., 1866, in Savannah, Mo. 

5. Josephine, b. 28 Aug., 1868, in Savannah, Mo. 

6. Frank, b. 22 Feb., 1872, in Savannah, Mo. 

7. Edy Lee, b. 28 Jan., 1875, '" Savannah, Mo. 

8. Ethel, b. 6 .\pi-., 1879, in Savannah, Mo. 

.-\1I the children are unmarried and are living at the old hoinestead, a large and 
beautiful place in Savannah, .Vndrew Co., Mo. 

259. M.VRTIX PIERCE, third child of Col. James and Martha S. McDonald, b. 

15 Feb., 1824 ; d. 15 Mar., 1824, in Mackville, Ky. 

260. CAPTAIN JAMES MONROE, the fourth child of Colonel James and Martha 

Shepard McDonald, who was b. 10 July, 1S25, followed his brother Dr. 
R. H., in the next year, 1S50, to California, where he has remained most 
of his life since. 
He has been repeatedly called to fill public offices, although much averse to 
being brought before the public and never courting notoriety. In 1859-60 and 1860- 
6 1 he was elected State Senator from Sacramento, then by far the most populous 
and influential constituency of California, and since then he has with difficulty 
avoided nomination to positions of public trust. He has turned his attention chiefly 
to large and enterprising imiirovements for developing the resources of the coast. 
He and his brother R. H. were the two men chiefly concerned in building the first 
overland telegraph; he and Mr. D. Kingsbury constructed the admirable system 
of roads from Placerville to Carson, before the Comstock lode had acquired 
notoriety, or the Pacific R.R. taken definite shape ; and to the residents of California 
his name is familiarly connected with many enterprises which have had for their 
aim the greatest good for the community. He has never married. His address 
is in care of the Pacific Pjank of San Francisco, Cal, of which he was one of the 
incorporators, has always been a large stockholder and a director, and is now again 
its vice-president. A more detailed account of his interesting life will follow at a later 

26r. Di:\\ rrr l.n'lXC.sroX, fifth child of Col. James and Martha S. McDonald, 
b. 7 Sept.. iSjS; ni. 1)\ Rev. Mr. Holson, Presb., in Lexington, Mo., 26 
•■.llcnur Hunter. She was b. 25 Mar., 1837, in Cal- 
er ]iarents were \\'illiani Hunter and Sarah M. (Tal- 
e are living cor. McCallisier and Larkin Sts., San 


., .S57. M^ 


I Co., Mo., 


1. 1). 1,. a 


uisco, Cal. 

[ 49 ] 

Dewitt is the hopeful and enthusiastic child of the family. He is a genuine- 
representative of the combined Southern and Western man. His genial, easy-going, 
care-shunning ways never allow his sky to be so overshadowed that a flood of light 
may not break through. In the gloomiest hours he is always cheerful, and for him, if 
for any one, every cloud must and does have its " silver lining." No financial ad- 
venture, however disastrous, crushes his spirit, for the same quick intelligence that 
discerned " millions " in the investment before it proved to be a \vill-o'-the w^isp, dis- 
covers other millions in some new field which he has ready in lieu of the abandoned 
scheme. His fertile fancy is indeed all the while creating " gigantic speculations " 
enough to keep a small community busy testing their practical value. Vet, not- 
withstanding this dreamy and imaginative side of his character, he has great executi\e 
ability, and a good solid reserve of hard common sense to draw on. His character 
is, in truth, a combination of qualities very difficult to describe in so brief a space 
as that to which we must here be confined. He came to California in 1S52, and has 
lived there till this day, more intimately bound up with her history perhaps than 
any other member of the family has been. He is a man of the people, and is 
known to more persons than almost any one man in San Francisco. You will {\m\ 
him one moment chatting with a leading man of the coast, and five minutes after- 
wards talking with some poor workingman. He is a fine conversationalist, and 
is overflowing with wit. His views are liberal, if anything, too liberal, especially 
in religious matters. He is generous to a fault, and his friends and acquaintances 
always find him ready to share whatever he may have, be it little or plentv. His 
kindness of heart is so great as to be a really serious drawback to his material 

" De " or " D. L." as he is always called, has been associated with so many 
organizations and offices, public and private, that it would be impossible to enter 
into a fuller specification of them. He is identified at present with mining in- 
terests, and holds numerous positions in various corporations. I mention a 
few, quoting at random from a number of the "Mining Review" that lies nearest 
at hand. He is a trustee of the Tiehnont Mining Co.; president of the Fourth 
of July Gold and Silver Mine ; a trustee of the Pauper Mine ; president of 
the Stock Broker Silver Mining Company ; a trustee of the Bateman Gold and 
Silver Mine ; president of the Crescent Mill and Mining Co. ; a trustee of 
the Josephine Consolidated Mining Co.; president of the Globe Consolidated 
Mining Co., &c. His home ties are strong ones, for there his affections are 
centred, and his life is wholly wrapped up in his children. His family is as follows : 

496. James Monroe, Jr., b. 2 Nov., 1S5S, in S,acrament(), Cal. He is a 

student at law, under Judge Lake of San Francisco, Cal. 

497. William Hunter, b. 6 Dec, 1861, in Sacramento, Cal.; d. 9 .A]ir.. 

1862 ; bur. in Masonic Cemetery, San Francisco, 

498. I^ura Lee, b, 16 Ma}', 1S64, in Sacramento, Cal. Living at home. 

499. Elizabeth Blythe, b. 16 May, 1869. in San Francisco, Cal. Living at 


500. Dewitt Livingstone, Jr.. b. 2 Feb., 1876, in San Francisco, Cal. Liv- 

ing at home. 

[ 5o] 

262. MARION JASPER, sixth child of Col. James and Martha S. McDonald, was 

b. 16 Jan., 1831 ; m. by Rev. W. A. Scott, in San Francisco, Cal., 27 Feb., 

1873, Alice Booth, who was bom 23 Apr., 1852, in Dundee, Scotland. 

Her parents were Alexander Booth and Isabella (Simpson). They have had 

no children. 
Jasper McDonald has been connected with a great variety of investments, and 
has long been one of the leading operators in the mining-stock market of San Fran- 
cisco. In 1861 he was payinaster and general overseer in the construction of 
the overland telegraph, and his hands joined the ends of the wires which completed 
the circuit between the Adantic and the Pacific coast. He was largely instrumental 
in furnishing, at great personal risk, the necessary information for General Connor's 
regiment to enter Salt Lake City, in 1862, in face of the Mormon opposition. He 
then left for Montana, and was one of the principal parties in locating, sun'eying, and 
la}-ing out Virginia City. He built from his own designs and successfully worked 
a wooden quartz mill, the first mill running in those parts. At Bannock City he sur- 
veyed and had constructed a large water-ditch. In those lawless and dangerous 
times his life was often imperilled by his determination to "see fair play," and ha\'e 
as orderly and well-regulated proceedings as could be secured under the circum- 
stances. In 1865 he returned to California, and moved to San Francisco, in which 
city he has resided since, leaving it only for occasional visits to the Eastern States. 
He is a member of the San Francisco Stock Board, and has been in it day in and 
day out through all the ups and downs of the last twelve eventful years of its histor)'. 
He and his wife are li\-ing at present at the Baldwin Hotel, San Francisco, Cal. 

263. MARCUS LINDSAY, the seventh child of Col. James and Martha S. McDon- 

ald, was b. 5 May, 1833 ; m. by Rev. J. C. Simmons (Mo.), 15 June, 1866, 
Ralphine North, who was b. 6 Nov., 1842, in Natchez, Miss. They are living 
in San Francisco, Cal. 
Mark McDonald prepared for college, and entered W'esleyan ; but left there, 
for some reason, and entered Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., on Sept. 15, 1858, 
and graduated A.B. in July, 1859. He then went to California, engaged in various 
jnirsuits, finally entering the San Francisco Stock Board, of which he has been 
one of the leading men for the last ten years. His name is a (itmiliar one to almost 
every one in San Francisco, and forms an inseparable part of the history of the mining 
investments of the Pacific Coast. Lately, however, his health has induced him to 
withdraw to private life, and he is intending to settle on his estates in Santa Rosa, 
in wOiich place he has introduced some great improvements, ha\-ing built among 
other things the water-works which he now owns. Amidst the matter-of-fact pur- 
suits of a stock-operator's life, he has not grown oblivious of the aesthetic side of life, 
but has kept fresh his literary and artistic tastes, which he hopes now to have more 
leisure to gratify. He has had the following beautiful, intelligent, and promising 
children : 

500. Alice, b.3 Dec, 1S66, in San Francisco. Cal. ; d. 21 Feb., 1S69; bur. 
in Masonic Cemeterv. San Francisco, Cal. 

[ 51 ] 

501. Marcus Lindsay, b. 6 June, 1868, in San Francisco, Cal. Living at home, 

and is a fine, temperate, promising young man. 

502. Ralpiiine North, b. i Sept., 1869, in San Francisco, Cal., d. 30 May, 1877, 

bur. in Masonic Cemetery, San Francisco, Cal. 
Stewart (named after A. T. Stewart), b. 28 Aug., 1S75. Living at 

Mabel North, b. 5 Sept., 1S79. Living at home. 

264. JOSEPH WILLL\!\L eighth child of Col. James and Martha S. McDonald, 

was b. 21 Apr., 1835 ; d. 26 May, 1855, and was bur. in Savannah, .\ndrew 
Co., Mo. He never married. 

265. JOSEPHINE BONAPARTE, ninth child of Col. James and Martha S. 

McDonald, b. 6 Dec, 1837. Was m. in Savannah, Mo., by Rev. John Baxter 
(Me.), to Robert W. p:iliott, who was b. 9 Aug., 1831, in Clay Co., Mo. 
Mrs. Elliott is a woman of exceptional ability. She is particularly gifted 
in music, and her children, especially Mark and Adelaide, inherit this talent. 
But she is also a woman of numerous and varied accomplishments, and is 
constantly adding to her store. She reads much and reads carefully. She 
is, however, far from being a recluse, for no one is more fond of company or social 
gayety, in which element she easily and unconsciously shines. She is a bril- 
liant conversationalist and a good writer, excelling especially in the imaginative 
and descriptive styles. The only surviving daughter of Mrs. Martha Shep- 
ard McDonald, she is, of all her children, the one best fitted for making the 
closing years of the old lady's life smooth and pleasant. They are living happily 
in their pleasant home, cor. Bush and Seventh Streets, Oakland, across the b.ay 
from San Francisco, Cal. All wants of the mother are provided for, as far as 
j^ossible for means and affection to do it, by her son. Dr. R. H. McDonald ; 
and whatever demands he, being a man, cannot meet, to those his sister Josephine, 
and her daughter Adelaide attend. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Elliott are : 

A 127. .Adelaide DeWitt, b. 18 Mar., 1856, in Savannah, Mo. 
.•\ 128. McDonald, b. 6 Jan., 185S, in Sacramento, Cal. 
A 129. Marcus T.indsay, b. 22 Sept., 1859, in Solano Co., Cal. 
Richard Hays, b. 2 Oct., 1876. 
'I'hc children are all living at home, and are none of them married. 

Adelaide was a student at Mills's Seminary, but was forced to leave on ac- 
count of poor health. She visited her relatives in Mo., greatly improved there, and 
has now returned home, and is studying in the Art School in San Francisco. Mc- 
Donald is a private secretary of his uncle. Dr. R. H. McDonald, president of the 
Pacific Bank, San Francisco, Cal. Mark is at tlie Commercial School in San 
Francisco. And the baby, Richard Hays, is enjoying life, making mud-pies, 
and is the delight of the family, of his grandmother in particular. 

[ 5-^ ] 

We pass now to one of ilic biiefest and saildest chapters of our family histoi)-, 
— the mention of the remaining chiUh-en of Col. James and Martha S. McDonald, 
Maria Louisa, Alice Fisk, and Martha Harriet. 

They were three of the loveliest and most beautiful women I ever saw, and their 
future seemed to be one of greatest and fairest promise ; yet not one of them lived 
long enough to more than just taste the pleasures of the life about to open before 
them. One after the other, they faded and left us, like the rose when struck by 
the winter's blast. To such a loss it was hard then and is still hard to feel 
reconciled. But why tarry o'er these sad memories? The oldest was: 

266. MARI.A LOUISA, tenth child of Col. James and I\Lartha S. McDonald, was 

b. 14 Apr., 1S40, and m. by Rev. W. F. Lucky (Mo.), on 17 Aug., 1867, 
in San Francisco, to Alvin \\'hitfielil Whitney, who was b. 27 May, 1839, 
in East Corinth, Me. She d. 11 Apr., 1870, and is bur. in Masonic Cem- 
etery, San Francisco, Cal. He was living in Virginia City, at last reports. 
They had one child, a handsome little boy. 

A 130. -Alvin Whitfield, Jr., b. 27 July, 1S69, in San Francisco, Cal. ; d. 15 
May. 1870, and is bur. in ALisonic Cemetery, San Francisco, Cal. 
Maria Louisa, as well as her sister Alice Fisk, died of consumption, brought 
on by carelessness. They would attend balls and evening entertainments, dance 
until overheated, and then, tempted by the delightful climate, would venture out 
and promenade without sufficient protection. Then, as now, young ladies thought 
it advisable to harden themselves to the necessary e.xposure for balls which low- 
necked dresses entail by never wearing flannels, and the result in this case was an 
occasional cold, a cough, and finally the fell destroyer, consumption. 

What stronger proof is needed of the folly and sin of such an abominable 
and unnatural custom than the fate of these two beautiful sacrifices ! And yet 
these are only two of many that are, even to this day, finding their way to early 
graves, led by nothing more than a little \anity and perseverance in anything but a 
commendable cause. 

267. ALICE FISK, the eleventh child of Col. James and Martha S. McDonald, was 

b. 21 Mar., 1842; d. 16 June, 1S67 ; and was bur. in Masonic Cemetery, 
San Francisco, Cal. 

She was certainly one of the sweetest and loveliest of women. No one 
that I e\-er met has left such a pure and ennobling impress on my mind. The 
recollection of her is the richest souvenir of my life. 

26S. MARTILV H.\RRII;T, the twelfth ami youngest chikl of Col. James and 
Martha S. McDonald, b. 15 Aug., 1S48. Was m. by Rev. W. A. Scott 
(Presb.), 22 Feb., 1870, in San Francisco, to Frank Swift, who was b. 30 
Oct., 1S47, in .Mlentown, .Ma. She d. i June, 1874, and is bur. in Masonic 
Cemetery, San Francisco, Cal. 

[ 53 ] 

Frank Swift was the only son of Mr. and Mrs. Judge Swift, of Sacramento, 
Cal. Judge Swift and Mr. Louis Sloss of tlie Alasl^ia Fur Co., in San Francisco. 
were the two companions of Dr. R. H. McDonald on the way across the plains 
in 1849. They entered in business together in Sacramento on arrival, and worked 
along for several months in partnership, when each man started out for himself. 
They have, however, been firm friends ever since, and the judge and the doctor 
have been closely connected for years. They were among the original founders 
of the First Congregational Church in Sacramento, and until 1861, when the doc- 
tor left Sacramento for New York, they were in and out of each other's places 
daily. Frank Swift was a handsome, successful, and popular young man ; and 
his untimel)' death seemed a sad sequel to the loss of his youthful wife, in her 
child-bed, and the subsequent death of his remarkably intelligent and fine-looking 
children. I insert the following brief tribute to the memory of Frank Swift, taken 
from one of the daily papers : 

SWIFT— Died, in this city, January 6, 1S77, Frank Swift, a native of Wilcox, Ala- 
bama, aged 29 years, 2 months, and 8 days. 

g:^^ The funeral will take place to-morrow (Monday), at 11 o'clock, A.M., from 
St. John's Church, Post Street. 

It is not strange if sometimes this fell destroyer should strike the strong and 
spare the weak. Death is as natural as life, for death is as natural as birth. With 
every incentive to live, with friends, relatives, position, and intellect, he has fallen 
prone like a blasted pine. Sorrowing friends may console themselves with the 
reflection that it is the end of all things, but philosophy poorly lieals the bleeding 
heart or the anguished soul. But though departed he leaves a memory that will 
not fade. Like the amaranth it will with time renew itself. Strong in his own 
manhood and self-respect, generous and charitable in his instincts, he received the 
love of his intimates and the respect of his friends. Following his remains will 
go many a silent prayer, and with the clods that cover his casket will fall tears 
as pure as ever we])t o'er mortal man. J. L. 

The children of Frank and Mattie Swift were : 

A 131. Jasper McDonakl, b. iS May, iSyr, in Sacramento, Cal; d. 21 
Sept. 1S74; bur. in Masonic Cemetery, San Francisco, Cal. 
Florence, b. 23 Jan. 1877 ; d. May, 1877 ; bur. in Masonic Cemeter)-, 
Francisco, Cal. 

This ends the record of the descendants of Colonel James and Martlia Shepard 
McDonald, oldest daughter of Jesse and Milly Peter. A\'e now pass on to the 

[ 54] 


5. HARDIN PETER, the fifth child of Jesse and Milly Peter, m. 27 Dec, 1S27. 
near Mackville, Ky., Mary McDonald (95, Ed. B, McD. Gen.), a dr. of 
.■\lexander (27, Ed. B, McD. Cen.). She was b. i Nov., 1805, and d. i Nov.. 
1868, and is bur. at the Peter Homestead, Washington Co., Ky. Their chil- 
dren were : 

A ARABELLA, first child of Hardin and Mary Peter, b. in Mackxille, 13 Feb.. 
1829 ; d. 30 -Aug., 1S32 ; bur. on Peter Homestead, near Mackville, Ky. 

A 57. LEMUEL, second child of Hardin and Mary Peter, b. 4 Oct., 1830, on the 
Homestead, near Mackville, where all the subsequent children were born. 
He m., by Rev. J. Hancock, of the Presb. Church, 21 Dec, 1854, in 
Mackville, Ky., Sallie Reed, who was also b. in Mackville. Her parents 
were Robert Reed and Nancy (Peter). The children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Peter are : 

1. Mattie McBrayer, b. 22 Oct., 1855, near Mackville, Ky. 

2. Mary, b. 16 Apr., 1858, near Iowa Point, Kansas. 

3. Wilbur, b. 28 Dec, 1861, near St. Joseph, Mo. 

4. Irvin Rue, b. 18 Mch., 1864, near St. Joseph, Mo. 

5. Kate Bell, b. 22 Sept., 1866, near St. Joseph, Mo. 

6. Lemuel Dewitt, b. 23 June, 1868, near St. Joseph, Mo. 

7. Alexander Munroe, b. 16 .Apr., 1870, near St. Joseph. Mo 

8. Harry Clay, b. 21 Oct., 1874, near St. Joseph, Mo. 

9. Rufus Lee, b. 16 Dec, 18 78, near St. Joseph, Mo. 

Lemuel and wife, and their children, are living in Buchanan Co., Mo. ; their 
post-office address is .Agency, Buchanan Co., Mo. Lemuel is of the Methodist per- 
suasion, is a farmer and surveyor. He and his sister Parthenia were married the same 
day, and both have already celebrated their silver weddings. 

A 58. PARTHENIA, third child of Hardin and Mary Peter, b. 11 Dec, 1S32. 
was m. by Rev. John Hancock (Presb.), on 21 Dec, 1854, to James B. 
Rue, who was b. 29 Oct., 1830, in Harrodsburg, Ky. His ])arents were 
Jonathan Rue and Cynthia Boice. The children of James and Partlienia 
Rue are well educated ami promising in every sense of the word, 
'i'he Aflnily record is : 

1. Edmund Da\is()n. b. 27 June, 1S57, in Council Bluffs. Iowa, where 

all the children were burn. 

2. Mary Cynthia, b. 1 Jan., 1859. 

3. James Offi( er, b. 1 1 Nov., 1S60. 

[ 55 ] 

4. Harry Hardin, b. 8 Jan., 1863. 

5. Herbert Bunyan, b. 4 No\-., 1864. 

6. Stella Vernon, b. 20 July, 1870; d. 27 Apr., 1871 ; bur. in Walnut 

Hill Cemetery, Council Bluffs, la. 

7. Gertrude Alice, b. 14 Aug., 1872. 

The family all live in Santa Rosa, Cal., with the exception of Edmund 1 )., who 
is with his cousin, Sam Bell Wakefield, in San Francisco, Cal. Mr. Rue was 
engaged for a number of years as teacher in, and later as superintendent of the public 
schools in Council Bluffs, la. Mrs. Rue, a woman of unusual ability, has, I thankfully 
acknowledge it again here, found leisure, with all the numerous demands on her time, 
to be one of the chief contributors in compiling these genealogies of the Peter family. 

A 59. ELDRn)GE, fourth child of Hardin and Mary Peter, b. 6 May. 1835 ; '1- 
unm. 15 Mar., 1872, and was bur. by the Masonic Fraternity, in Mary- 
ville, Nodaway Co., Mo. 

A 60. FL.AVIUS, fifth child of Hardin and Mary Peter, b. 30 Dec, 1S3S; m. 
Aug., 1872, Carrie Christisen. They have no children. Both li\e in 
Akimeda, Cal., but his business is in San Francisco, Cal. 

A 61. THEOPHILUS, sixth child of Hardin and Mary Peter, b. 27 Apr., 1840; 
m. 7 Dec, 1865, by Rev. Mr. Campbell, near Mackville, Ky., Lettie Farris 
(A 33, Ed. B, iMcD. Cen.), a dr. of Isaiah Farris and Elizabeth McDonald 
(87, Ed. B. McD. Gen.) who was b. Jan. 25, 1S41. Theophilus and 
Lettie Peter ha\e had the following children : 

1. Lee. b. 1866, near Mackville, Ky. 

2. Hollie, b. 1869, near Mackville, Ky. 

3. Eklridge, 1). 1 87 1, near Maryville, Nodaway Co., ^ro., where 

the family are living at present. 

.A 62. \\IL1SUR, seventh child of Hardin and ^Llry Peter, b. 16 Sejjt., 1842 ; m. 
27 Dec, 1870, Sarah B. Jenkins of Richmond, Ky., who was b. 10 
I'eb., 1S43. near Gallatin, Tenn. 
They have had the following children : 

1. Lula M., b. 25 Nov., 1871. near Mackville, Ky. 

2. Wilbur T., b. 30 Sept., 1874, near Mackville, Ky. 

A 63. KI'IRON or Kate, b. 16 Nov., 1844 : m. by Rev. W. C. Cam])l)ell (Me.), 
on 7 Dec. 1S65, James Alsoji Redding. She d. 25 Mar., iS-o. and is 
bur. at the Jesse Peter homestead, near Mack\ille, Ky. Their children 
have been : 

1. ALary Naomi, b. 16 Oct., 1S67, near Mackville. Ky. 

2. Joseph Wilbur. 17 March b. 1S70, near Mackville, Ky. 

[ 56 ] 

Keron died when Joseph Wilbur was eight days old, and he has been brought 
up by his uncle and aunt, Joseph E. and Mary Redding, of Yazoo City, Miss., where 
he is, at this writing, a bright boy. Mary Naomi is with her father on the old 
Alexander McDonald homestead, near Mackville, and is a very sprightly and 
lovely little girl, or perhaps, young lady, I should say. 

This ends the record of the descendants of Hardin and Mary Peter ; and we now 
])ass to 

6. PRESTON, the sixth child of J esse and Milly Peter, who moved to Indiana, studied 
and received his license as a Methodist preacher, and died at the early age 
of twenty-six. He was a bright, well-informed, and well-educated young man. 
His successes, so decided for so early an age, gave promise of eminence in 
later years. 

[ 57 ] 


7. KITUR.-\H, the seventh child of Jesse and Milly Peter, a woman of most lowiMe 

character, visited her brother in Indiana, in 1826, and there met Judge John 

Spence, afterwards comity judge and magistrate, to whom she was married on 

I June, 1826. He was b. 28 Jan., 1806, and d. 28 Sept., 1872. He was for 

many years county judge and magistrate in Andrew Co., Mo., and was a 

man of sterling integrity, fine accomplishments, and undoubted ability. 

Aunt Kitty, as she is always called, is one of the most noble characters we 

ever see, and one that seems to shed upon all with whom she comes in contact a 

flood of sunshine, peace, and happiness. Her life has not, however, we are sorry 

to say, been as serene as it has deserved to be, for she has had brought home to 

her in some instances — 

•' How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is 
To have a thankless child ! " 

She has not met with her merited returns from all of her children, and when 
the awful day of reckoning comes there will be a crushing account against some of 
their indifferent and neglectful acts that oceans of repentant tears will then fail to 
wash away. If they are wise they will hasten to make good the sins of omission 
and commission in the past, and cheer her few remaining years with a small 
return of sympathy and love for the years of faithful, devoted motherly care she 
so willingly and affectionately bestowed upon them. Her family is as follows: 

ik. Miner\a Jane, b. 25 Feb., 1828. 

2k. James, b. 4 Nov., 1829 ; d. 20 June, 1848. 

3k. China, b. 14 Aug., 1S31 ; d. Sept., 1831. 

4k. Martha Ann, b. 18 Oct., 1832. 

5k. Pauline, b. 20 Sept., 1S35. 

Ck. Jordan Peter, b. 19 Mar., 1834; d. i Mar., 1835. 

7k. Albina, b. 14 Oct., 1S37; d. 10 May, 1862. 

8k. Jahaziel, b. 11 May, 1839; f'- 'O Nov., 1843. 

9k. Susan 1-lllen, h. 30 Jan., T841 ; d. 7 .Vug., 1841. 

MINERVA JAN !■;, oldest child of John and Kiturah Spence, was m. 14 Feb., 
1847, in Rochester, Mo., by Rev. Baxter, to James F. Strock. The parents are now 
living at Avenue City, .\ndrew Co., Mo., and their family was all born in Rochester. 
Mo., and consists of: 

im. Samaria .\nn. b. 22 Nov., 1847; d. 27 May, 1862, in Fairview, Mo- 
2m. John E., b. 25 Jan., 1849; m. 30 Sept.. 1S75, Elizabeth Tibbits ; 
they live in St. Joseph, Mo., and have one child, .\delaiile, b. 2 1 
March, 1879. 

[ 58 ] 

3m. Parthenia, b. 23 Feb., 1S51, was ni. 28 Jan., 1874,10 John P. Tate. 
They live in Rochester, Mo., and have one child, Carl R., b. i 7 
Dec, 1874. 
4m. George G., b. 29 .Apr., 1853; resides in St. Joseph, Mo., and is 

engaged in teaching. 
5m. James March, b. 26 Feb., 1855, m. 5 Mch., 1S76, Alice Matteson. 
The family live in Rochester, Mo., and have one child, Oqjha, 
b. 23 Sept., 1878. 
6m. Martha Olivia, b. i Dec, 1856. 
7m. Minnie Jane, b. 16 Dec, 1858. 
8m. Samuel Bell, b. 26 Dec, i860. 
9m. William P., b. 22 May, 1863. 
lom. Caroline E., b. 14 Nov., 1865. 
iim. Cora, b. 14 Dec, 1867. 
All the children after James M. are unmarried, and are living at home with their 
parents in .\\enue City, Mo. 

MARTHA ANN, fourth child of Judge John and Kitty Spence, was m. 
to Newton Bird, a miller and a farmer, and is living in St. Joseph. Mo. 
They have had the following children : 

1. Macon J., unmarried. 

2. Steele M., unmarried. 

3. Kiturah E., unmarried. 

4. Laura M., unmarried. 

5. James, unmarried. 

PAULINE, fiftii child of Judge John and Kiturah Spence, was m. to 
(J. Dillard Allen, a Presbyterian minister, and they are living at Ridgely 
P. O., Piatt -Co., Mo. They have had the following children : 

1. Monte K., unmarried. 

2. Lillie, unmarried. 

3. Stella, unmarried. 

4. Robert, unmarried. * 

5. John, unmarried. 

6. Pauline, unmarried. 

ALlilNA, se\enth child of John and Kiturah Spence, was m. to John W. 
Holt, and they live at Salem, Nebraska. So far as we know, they have 
no children. 

The imperfect condition of the records of the family of John and Kiturah 
Spence is due to the fact that our communications sent to many of the children have 
remained inianswered, and wliat we have has been secured through the help of 
othci nlalives, in particular through the kindness of Mr. Lemuel Peter of .Agency, 
Buchanan Co., Mo., and Mr. Jas. F. Strock, Avenue City, Mo. 

[ 59 ] 

8. CHINA, the eighth child of Jesse and Milly Peter, was m. in 1S26 to Robert S. 
Mitchell, and passed most of her life in and near Mackville, Ky. 
Having no children of her own, she had more leisure to gratify her charitable and 
Christian-spirited impulses, and her character was certainly one of the sweetest and 
noblest we ever meet with in this world. She was gifted with a fine, clear, strong 
voice, and like her brother Jordan, she was deeply pious. The " morals of the 
church " at Mackville were governed principally by her, and they have never since 
reached that degree of purity which they attained under her guidance, although Mrs. 
Athenia Flournoy carries on the good work, and labors even harder in the Sunday 
School than did her Aunt China. 

[ 6o] 


9. PARIS, the ninth and last child of Jesse and Milly Peter, m. Mary Flournoy, 
Elder Turner Smith, officiating, i Dec, 1836, near Mackville, Ky. She was 
b. 6 June, 1S16, and was a dr. of James and Martha O. Flournoy. 
In the fall of 186 1 Paris was on the petit-jury, Circuit Court, Springfield, 
Ky., where in some way he was exposed to small-pox. When it was discovered 
that he had the disease, all the family were immediately vaccinated ; but two of 
the children, Robert and Walter, caught the trouble, and died in a few days after 
their father, who succumbed to one of the most confluent forms of that terrible 
malady, on the 4 Dec, 1861, and is buried in the Peter burying-ground on the old 
homestead. His children have all died but three, one of whom, Samuel, is living 
with his mother at the old place on Long Lick, near Mackville. In the civil 
war, one of the children was in the Federal and one in the Confederate army ; 
the former was wounded, and died afterwards from the effects of it. All the chil- 
dren were born near Mackville. 

The family record is : 

I p. James McDonald, b. 28 July, 1S3S, m. 23 Apr., 1S67, in Ray Co., 
Mo., by Rev. W. Alexander, Malia Bowers, who was b. in 1843, 
in Bedford Co., Tenn., daughter of Giles and May C. Bowers. 
James and family are living in Sedan, Chautauqua Co., Kansas. 

1. Matlie E., b. 10 Feb., 1S66, nr. Millville, Ray Co., Mo. 

2. Alice P., b. 20 May, 1S70, nr. Millville, Ray Co., Mo. 

3. Samuel, b. 21 June, 1S72. nr. Millville, Ray Co., Mo. 

4. Charles C, b. 28 Oct., 1876, in Sedan, Chautauqua Co., 


2p. Thomas Jefferson, b. 23 June, 1S42 ; d. 5 Apr. 1S66, at Denver 

City, Colorado. 
3p. Elizabeth Julia, b. 21 Apr., 1S47 ; d. 25 Oct., i860 ; bur. Cemetery 

nr. Mackville, Ky. 
4p. Mountford, b. 20 Sept., 1849. Living. 
Sp. Robert Mitchell, b. 20 July, 1S52 ; d. 20 Dec, 1861 ; bur. Jesse 

Peter homestead, \\'asliington Co., Ky. 
6p. Walter Millan, b. 13 Oct. 1S54 ; d. 14 Dec, 1S61 ; bur. same place. 
7p. Samuel HoUoway, b. 21 June, 1857, and is living at home witli his 


This ends the record of the descendants of Jesse and Milly Peter. I now 
pass to those of Jesse by his second wife, Elizabeth Graves. 

[6. ] 



:i. MILLY SWEENEY, who is still living, and is the eleventh child of Jesse 
and second of Elizabeth Peter, was m. 25 Aug., 1836, nr. Mackville, Ky., 
to Joseph Turner. He was b. 22 Jan., 1S09, in Lincoln Co., Ky.. d. 6 
Apr., 1865, and is bur. in Jesse Peter graveyard. The cause of his death 
was pneumonia. He was a Methodist, as were his parents, Caleb and 
Sarah Turner. Their children were all born in Mackville, Ky., and were 
as follows : 

im. Marianne, b. 22 Mch., 183S; d. of pneumonia, 17 Feb., 1S70, and 
is bur. in Cornishville, Ky. In Oct., 1855, she was m. by Elder 
Levin Merritt to Turner J. Debaun (De Baun), who was b. 23 
Sept., 1834, in Mercer Co., Ky., and resides in Cornishville, Ky. 
His parents were Joseph Debaun and Mary Bottoms. Turner 
Debaun belongs to the religious sect called Reformers. His 
family is : 

1. Joseph Samuel, b. 7 Aug., 1S56. 

2. James Abraham, b. 4 Dec, 1857 ; died young. 

3. Iverson Edgar, b. 4 Dec, 1859 ; died young. 

4. Margaret Pleasant, b. 5 Feb., 1861. 

5. Laura Odella, b. 18 July, 1863. 

6. William Homer, b. 10 Apr., 1S65. 

7. Sarah Hester, b. 4 Apr., 1867. 
S. Frank b. M.\v, 1S69. 

The children were all born in Mercer Co., Ky., and are all, with the 

exception of 2 antl 3, living in Cornishville, Ky. 
2ni. Lavinia, b. 29 Apr., 1840 ; d. 3 March, 1S42 ; is bur. in Jesse Peter 

3m. Jesse Peter, b. 16 Sept., 1841 ; d. 14 Feb., 1842 : is bur. in the 

same place. 
4m. James Harrison, b. 30 Nov., 1S42 : d. 19 Dec, 1845 ; is bur. in 

the same place. 
5m. Sarah Elizabeth, b. 19 Jan., 1845, in Washington Co., Ky. ; was m. 

19 .\pr., 1870, by Elder Levin Merritt, in Washington Co., Ky., 

to Clayton A. Phillips, who was b. 14 .\pr., 1S40, in Madison 

Co., Ky. His father's name was James Phillips. Mr. and .Mrs. 

Clayton Phillips are .Methodists ; live near Mackville. Ky., and 

have the following familv: 

[62 ] 

1. Saniyra, b. Jan., 1S71, in Mercer Co., Ky. ; d. 30 June, 

1872 ; bur. in cemetery nr. Mackville, Ky. 

2. Mary Hester, b. 3 May, 1872, in Mercer Co., Ky. 

3. Kirk Baxter, b. 25 Aug., 1873, in Washington Co., Ky. 

4. Hartford Thompson, b. 26 March, 1876, in Mercer Co., Ky. 

5. Maude, b. 25 Apr., 1877, in Mercer Co., Ky. 

6. Myrtie Sweeney, b. 9 Oct., 1878, in Mercer Co., Ky. 

6m. Quintilla, b. 22 Dec, 1848; living. 

7m. Hartford, b. 17 Oct., 1850; living. 

8m. Leonidas, b nr. Mackville, Ky., 27 Oct., 1852, in Washington 
Co., Ky., m. 27 Nov., 1879, by Rev. VVm. Shoesmith, Miss Sue 
Foster, who was b. 18 Feb., 1861, in Washington Co., Ky. 
Her parents were Green and Catherine Foster. Mr. and Mrs. 
Leonidas Turner have no children. Her parents were Reformers, 
and his Methodists ; but the young couple have joined no church. 

9m. Milly Ann, b. 30 Aug., 1862 ; living. 
lom. Frank Ulysses, b. 24 Jan., 1864; living. 

Of the remaining descendants of Mr. and Mrs. Debaun, if any there be, I 
have no statistics. 

[ 63 ] 


13. HARTFORD (M.D.), m. ist in Nov. 185 1, Jane Ellen Cornish, in Cornish- 
ville, Ky. She was b. in Mercer Co., Ky., and d. of typhoid fever, 14 
Sept., 1853, and is bur. in Cornishville, Ky. Her father was Col. L. C. 
Cornish. Hartford m. 2d 30 Sept. 1857, Arena Shewmaker, in Washing- 
ton Co-, Ky., Rev. Frank Phillips, officiating. Miss Shewmaker was b. 5 
Feb., 1835, in Washington Co., Ky. Her parents were Uriah and Nancy 
Shewmaker. Hartford's second wife is living. Dr. Hartford's family by 
his first wife, Jane Ellen, was : 

ih. LUDWELL CARTER, b. 22 Nov., 1852, in Cornishville, Ky. He m. 
9 Nov. 1S76, Ann Mariah Brown, in Washington Co., Ky., Rev. D. G. 
B. Demaree officiating. Miss Brown was b. 12 Apr. 1S56, in Wash- 
ington Co., Ky., and is a daughter of Thomas and Emily Brown. Lud- 
well and wife are both living and are Baptists. They have one child, 
Thomas Hartford, b. 6 Apr., 1878. 

2h. JESSE S., the second and last child by Dr. Hartford's first marriage, 
was b. II July, 1853, in Cornishville, Ky. ; d. unmarried, 15 Sept., 1S53, 
and is bur. in Cornishville, Ky. 
Dr. Hartford's family by his second wife, Arena, was all born in Cornishville, 
Kentucky, and is : 

3h. SARAH ELIZABETH, b. 28 June, 1858, is a Methodist. She was 
m. 20 Sept., 1878, to John Sweeney Yankey, in Washington Co., 
Ky., by Rev. Miles Saunders. His parents were Andrew and Nancv 
Yankey. Both Mr. and Mrs. John Yankey are living at Pleasant 
Grove, Ky. They have no children yet. 

4h. JOHN BELL, second child of Dr. Hartford, by his second marriage, 
was b. 30 Sept., 1S60, and is living and unmarried. 

Sh. FRANCIS CALVIN, last child of Dr. Hartford, was b. 10 Jan., 1S63, 
and is also livin<r and unmarried. 



15. CYNTHIA ANN, was ni. 19 Jan. 1S43, by Rev. Jesse Bird, nr. Mackville, 
Ky., to Brazeal Parrott. He was b. 6 June, 18 18, nr. Springfield, Ky., 
and his parents were John H. and Elizabeth Parrott. Both parents are 
living. They have had eleven children, all born near Mackville, Ky., and 
in the following order ; 

ic. John Hewlett, b. 12 Dec, 1S43 ; unmarried. 

2C. James Rhodum was b. 24 Dec, 1845, nr. Springfield, Ky. ; m. 29 
July, 1867, in Washington Co., Ky., by Rev. \\'illiam Corn, 
Sarah Margaret Bess, dr. of Samuel and Elizabeth Bess. 
James R. and wife are Methodists and reside nr. Cornishville, 
Ky. ; they have the following children, all living and unmarried : 

1. James William, b. 19 July, 186S. 

2. Mary Lee, b. 24 Apr., 1871, in Washington Co., Ky. 

3. Brazeal Lee, b. 26 May, 1873, in Washington Co., Ky. 

4. Ina Jane, b. 25 Feb., 1876, in Washington Co., Ky. 

5. Emory Jane, b. 2 Nov., 1878, in Washington Co., Ky. 
3c. Elizabeth Francis, b. i May, 1848 ; m. to Richard Littrel. 
4c. Richard Thomas, b. 8 Sept., 1850 ; unmarried. 

SC. William Shelby, b. 26 May, 1852, in Washington Co.. Ky. ; m. 8 
June, 1873, in Washington Co., Ky., by Rev. David Bruner, 
Sarah Elizabeth Cary, dr. of John and Miranda Car)-. They 
live in Cornishville, Ky., and have the following children : 

1. Mary Francis, b. 3 May, 1874. 

2. Lulie Francis, b. 9 July, 1876. 

3. William Kirkus, b. 6 Nov., 1878. 

6c. Hartford, b. 11 Aug., 1S54, in Washington Co., Ky. ; m. 2 Nov., 
1878, in Washington Co., Ky., by Mr. Jack Cocknougher, Belle 
Inman, who was b. 29 Nov., 1862, in Washington Co., Ky., and is 
a dr. of William and Francis Inman. They moved 2 Mar., 1880, 
to Collin Co., Texas, nr. McKenney P. O. The husband is Meth- 
odist, the wife Baptist. They have one child : 
William Brazeal, b. 2 Feb.. 1880. 
7c. Lavinia Jane, b. 4 Sept., 1857 : m. to Jewett Gully. 
Sc. Susan Mary, b. 16 Dec, 1S60 ; d. Feb., 1S65; bur. Jesse Peter 

9c. Robert, b. 19 Sept., 1861, unmarried. 
10c. Jesse, b. 6 May, 1S64, unmarried, 
lie. MiUy .-^nn, b. 29 Nov. 1866, unmarried. 

[ 65 ] 

All of the children with the exception of Susan Mary are living. 
The remaining children of Jesse and Elizabeth Peter — Gideon, Elisha, Cyrus 
and Frances — died unmarried. 

This ends a l)rief and unhappily a defective record of one of the best lines of old 
Kentucky families. I regret the incompleteness of the report, but this is the neces- 
sary consequence of the neglect or indifference of some members of the family, for 
it is rather upon full and general contributions than upon individual investigation that 
the fulness of record such as this must depend. I return herewith all that I have 
received from such contributions and all that I have gathered during a careful and 
extended research. Hoping that the future will enable us to supply the missing parts 
and to build up the whole into a complete and harmonious structure, I remain, 

Your lo\ing grandson, 


Hanard Law School Student, Oimbridse, Mass. 




Dear Grandmother: — 

If not delayed, this will reach you about the lime of your seventy-ninth birth- 
day, on which occasion, we are sure, your children and grandchildren will gatlier 
round you, bearing loving wishes and tokens of affection in honor of that happy twenty- 
fifth of February. To us, whom duty holds on these distant shores, such an expression 
of feelings is denied, though no one of those around you can be more desirous than are 
we that you should know and feel that we are always mindful of you, and concerned in 
all that pertains to your happiness. We do not know whether there is to be any cere- 
monious observance of the day , but whether, surrounded by a merry band of your 
descendants, you listen to the sincere, informal, and fervent congratulations of the older 
members of the family, to t'.ie eloquent addresses of those in the strength of manhood and 
the bloom of womanhood, or to the elaborate and fanciful exercises in rhetorical encomia 
indulged in by the younger offspring, or whether you pass the day in unpretentious quiet, 
you will, we know, find time to read these plain, unvarnished lines, testifying of our 
interest in your well-being and our appreciation of the example you have set before us in 
your long and beautiful life. 

Because we are so far away, we are not alile to indulge in those expressions of family 
regard whicli a nearer residence would make natural and possible ; but that we are by no 
means forgetful or indifferent, your own feelings must abundantly assure you. We have, 
however, thought that on a day so memorable as the present one, it would be pleasant for 
you to receive from our hands some tangible, and, if possible, lasting evidence of our 
attachment ; we have therefore made the attempt to gather up and classify the records of 
the acts and history of our own and of the Peter side of our family. These facts have 
been slowly compiled, but are now somewhat hastily arranged in order that they m,ay 
reach you, if possible, at a time when your mind will naturally revert to the scenes of 
earlier years, and when such memories will serve tlie twofold purpose of recalling more 
vividly to the actors themselves the incidents and their associations, and of impressing 
upon the now plastic hearts of the younger generation the virtues and the noteworthy 
events in the lives of our ancestors, — those who have left us, and those who are so nearly 
ready to pass from the trials of this world to the glories and rewards of that other and 
happier land. 

You will find many omissions and numerous errors, perhaps, in these pages, but 
these will all be filled out or corrected, if the returns reach us within the coming month ; 
and if you can urge any of our kin to contribute their missing portion, by so much 
more will the work near a complete and satisfactory form. We realize, dear Grandmotlier, 
that it is evident to you, at least, how desirable it is that we rescue now, before it is too 
late, many of the links which have dropped from our chain, and which are gradually 
rusting or straying from their connection. There are some, we know, who sneer at all 
such efforts, who, even when most charitable, look with indifference upon them : their 
idea, when they have taken trouble to form one, is that history should be the record of 
great men and tlicir wonderful achievements, and tliat nothing else is worthv of record. 

[67 ] 

Fortunately, however, such ideas do not control the thinking class of the world; on the 
contrary, it becomes more and more apparent that great men, while deserving of all 
honor, have not always achieved greatness by their own unaided endeavors, for the united 
exertions of multitudes of less noted men have reared the eminence on which these 
more favored individuals could stand and rise into prominence. In most cases, the 
shining light is nothing more than the focussed rays of less brilliant flames. A striking 
illustration of the force of this view can be drawn from the known composition of 
the electric light, which is so prominently before the public to-day : it is only the result 
of the combination of tlie thousands of elements which go to make up its current. It is, 
therefore, clear that, interesting as maybe the study of the lives of leading men, it is 
generally more profitable to make among the lives of the masses the stariing-point of our 
investigations. Not that we cannot work the other way, only we must be careful not to 
stop until we have carried our researches to their furthest limit. This principle embodies 
one of the most valuable services that Darwin and the modern school of progressive 
development has conferred upon the human race : while it has led us to many hasty and 
incorrect conclusions, it has taught us to go to the beginnings of growth, to trace step 
by step, whether by induction or deduction, the successive stages through which man has 
passed to become what he is to-day. In pursuing this study it is significant to note how 
the great lights of history "pale their ineffectual fires" as, one by one, they lose the 
virtues falsely ascribed to them, and the glory of deeds wrought by unknown workers, 
which they had appropriated, bursting upon the world in this blaze of borrowed light, 
dazzling their bewildered contemporaries, and going down to posterity as heroes: but they 
cannot shine forever in this reflected light, for here the historian comes to the rescue, 
making known the deeds of humble toilers who have passed into forgetfulness. and strip- 
ping from would-be heroes their falsely won fame, thus enabling us to give honor where 
honor is due. 

It is also wonderful to observe how surely those individuals and races who have 
neglected to cultivate to the utmost all their powers, have fallen and have been trodden 
under foot in the life-struggle. I do not doubt that, looking back over your long and 
eventful life, you can recall many individuals, — entire families, perhaps, — whom you 
have seen 

'• around you fall 
Like leaves in wintry weather," 

who, having become victims to dissipation in one form or another, have long before this 
ended their Career, either by bringing disgrace on themselves and their friends, or by 
untimely deaths. "'The survival of the fittest" is of all nature's laws the one most mer- 
cilessly e.\ecuted, and woe to him who is rash enough to throw away any of the forces 
with which nature, never too prodigal, has endowed him : the penalty is sure. Other 
things being equal, the men whose vitality is strongest, who keep uiiimpaireil their 
strength of mind and body, will enjoy the most, suffer the least, and will wield the 
greatest power. 

Now, dear Grandmother, the object of these researches is to follow out this working 
of nature's laws in our own history. The ruined lives of those who have wasted their 
gifts and misused their power will teach us what we must avoid, if we would prosper as 
individuals and grow as a family : while the ennobling examples of virtuous, industrious, 
and well-regulated lives should lift us to their plane, and enable us, profiting by their 
experience, to go even higher. It is, as you know, a natural expectation that every gen- 
eration, starting where the preceding one began, but having the .advantage of '-the long 
results of time," shall pass more quickly through the preliminary stages of its life-work, 
thus saving time and energy for conquering new fields, and so reach more advanced 
planes of development, from which tlieir descendants, in turn, will be able to go yet farther. 
We must thus progress continually, or, arriving at a stand-still, we shall soon enter upon 

[ 68 ] 

the downward road. It is evident tliat this desirable result of gaining a little ground with 
every succession of offspring can be secured only by husbanding our resources; and the 
men or women who indulge to excess their passions must expect to fall behind what they 
should be, not only to the extent of that gratification, but much more ; for it is easier 
to slide down-hill than to plod up. " Indulging to excess," you will notice we have said ; 
and this is what almost all agree in condemning, each reserving, however, the right to 
determine where moderation ends and e.xcess begins. Now, we do not deny that every 
man has a right to define excess in his own way, but by no means an unlimited and unre- 
stricted right to apply his definition: we should no more accept it than, in law, we should 
accept any unauthorized definition of crime, or of right, in morals, or of liberty, in ethics. 
All these conceptions admit, it is true, of great freedom of construction, but there are points 
beyond which there is a ne plus ultra, where the limit is practically, if not theoretically 
reached : this limit is marked by the aggregate result of the most successful lives, the 
combined experiences of many years and of many individuals. From these resources, 
we draw the knowledge that practically enables us to place the bounds of excess ; and 
your life, dear Grandmother, furnishes to the student one more fruitful source for the 
comparisons and conclusions which may be drawn from well-spent lives. It is true that 
different countries, different climates, and ditTerent temperaments place different bounds 
to excess ; but, taking all these infiuencing circumstances into consideration, there is 
everywhere an acknowledged limit. Experience has taught us, furthermore, that it is 
always dangerous, often fatal, to risk approach to those limits, since, in some moment of 
forgetfulness or indiscretion, they may be overstepped. Again, "familiarity breeds con- 
tempt," and, like the young man who lived near the great Niagara, we may grow careless 
of consequences until we venture once too often, and swept over and down to total 
destruction. But this risk of nearing the verge of the abyss has been so frequently the 
theme of moralists that I shall not dwell on it here, bul: shall leave it with the quotation of 
Pope's well-known forcible lines : — 

" Vice is a monster of so frightful mien 
As, to be hated, needs but to be seen ; 
Vet, seen too oft, familiar with her face. 
We first endure, then pity, tlien embrace." 

We have thus seen that there are practical limits to excess, which it is dangerous, if 
not ruinous, to approach. 

Now, dear Grandmother, we are sure of being upheld by your experience when we 
claim that it is by far the safer way for the people of this country, with their nervous tem- 
peraments and the constant demands made on their vitality by their eager, unsettled life, 
to utterly renounce all habits that tend to lead them to excess ; and I think that you will 
agree with us in placing in the foremost ranks of these habits the drinking of all kinds of 
intoxicating beverages, the use of tobacco, gambling, and impure thoughts and language. 

We shall not make any personal application of the truth of these statements ; the 
few instances there are in our family — and thank Heaven they are few I — arc too well- 
known among us to need mention. 

" We know," some may say, " how to use God's gifts in moderation, and we are not 
so bigoted as to be extremists. Should there chance to be danger, we know wdien to 
stop." Perhaps they are, and perhaps they are not ; perhaps they will, and perhaps they 
will not. This is a question we will not argue here ; but it is only right, on such an 
occasion as this, since we have never made our position known, that we, two of your 
grandsons, should remove all doubt concerning our views on these subjects, and give, as 
we have done, some of the reasons on which we base our convictions. Looking at these 
questions in the light that we do, we must say that we feel that we have neither time nor 
strength to play against such dangerous odds, and that we cannot recognize as good 


counsellors, or associate, heart and hand, with those who try the dangerous policy of 
steering between Scylla and Charybdis. When there is a safer, siroother passage 
around these rocks, we prefer to take it, even at the sacrifice of a little passing enjoyment. 
In our country, where a man never knows what career the future has in store for liim, he 
should live on the alert, prepared to assume, with mind and body in their best possible 
condition, whatever may fall to his lot ; and the man who squanders his intellectual 
activity and physical forces in the gratification of his appetites, is not the man to choose as 
a companion or accept as a guide. This, we think, will clearly define our position in this 

We have not been led to this course by the natural impulse of a child to follow in 
the footsteps of his father; for these convictions, although influenced, it is true, by his 
example, have been reached only after years of independent investigation, and that, too, 
in different paths. 

But we have wearied you, perhaps, and trespassed too long on your time. We only 
wished to assure you that you have two grandchildren, at least, who have profited by your 
life and acts, and who appreciate the value of those habits of firm self-control and total 
abstinence you have so faithfully endeavored, by precept and example, to inculcate upon 
your descendants. We hope that we may so live that our lives may embody the same 
virtues which have hallowed and enriched the life of the beautiful, happy old grandmother 
of seventy-nine years, who smiles on us to-day. May she be spared to us yet many 
years, and may her influence rest like a benediction on us all through this battle of life, 
and bring to us her own calm, holy resignation when we near the brink of the last river 
that separates us from the joyful meeting beyond ! 

Vour loving grandsons, 

Ca.mhridge, Mass., Feb. 14, iSSo. 


|Ch. stands for child; par., for parent; f., for family; nc, for name and connections. 
The numbers refer to the pages of the book.] 

Abbreviations used in tliis work, 23 ; Ack- 
man f., 27 : Allen f., 58 ; Artotypes, 23 : 
Asbury, Francis, sent by Wesley to 
America, 7, S ; related to the Peter 
family, 7 ; outline of his life, 7, 8 : 
Joseph, his father's, and Elizabeth, his 
mother's name, 7 ; Francis made Super- 
intendent, then Bishop, S ; his great 
work in the church, S: Askins f., 40. 


Bennett. Nute. 40 ; Benton (Rev. J. A.). 
43; Bess, nc, 64; Bird f., 58; Board- 
man. Robert, sent by Wesley to New 
York, 8; chosen by the conference to 
preach in Boston, S ; Boice (Cynthia), 
54; Bonanza mines, 19; Booth, nc, 50; 
Bosley, Jm., 40 ; Bottoms (Mary), 61; 
Bowers, nc , 60 ; Brocan, !\Iargaret, 33 ; 
Brown. .\nna Mariah, 63; Burks, nc, 
33 ; Busby, 41 ; Butler f., 34. 


Carson River and Capt. James .McDonald. 
19; Cary, nc, 64; Caution not to enlist 
services of Albert Wells, 23 ; Christisen, 
Carrie. 55; Clawson f., 35; Columbia 
College Class Cup and Baby for the Class 
of 1882,44, 45, 46; Comstock lode. 19; 
Cornish, nc. 63 ; Crawford (Sarah M.), 
34; Curtis, Christiana E., 35. 

Davidson. Mount, Virginia City, and Gold 
Hill. U), 22; Davis" f., 27:'Debaun f., 
61 : Dickerson, Beverly, 41 ; Dudley, 
Sarah Elizabeth, 35 ; Durham, Addison 
and \'ernetta, 29. 

,aton f.. 34 ; Elliott, Josephine Bonaparte, 
17; Elliott f., 51 ; Embury. Philip, first 
local iMcacher of the Methodist Church 
in .Vmerica, 7. 

Farris, nc, 40, 55; Flournoy, Athenia, as 
contributor to this genealogy, 21, 30, 31 : 
Flournoy, nc, 30, 41 ; Mary Flournoy, 
nc, 60; Foster, Sue, 62. 

Gibbons, nc, 40; Gilkison, Sarah, 32: 
Gold Canon and Gold Hill. 19 ; Gray, 
Jone. 40; Guthrie, James, in Ky. Legis- 
lature with Col. James McDonald. 19. 

Hall, Wilkeson, 40 ; Hansbraugh, Elizabeth, 
32: Harber, nc, 30; Harroun & Bier- 
stadt. artotvpe pointers. 23 : Havs. 
Hillery, 18; 'Head. Hettie E.. 40: Hiik- 
man, 'jane, 41 ; Holt f., 5S ; Hunter, 
nc . 48. 


f.-nc. 43: 


Jenkins. Sarah B.,55; Johnston, ElizaC.,33. 

Kirtlv. nc, 47 ; Knotts, nc, 35. 

Laum, Thomas, 40: Leachman f.. 30; 
Levi, Perdetta, 40; Libraries where 
copies of this family history will be 
deposited, 23 ; Logan, 40. 

McDaniel. James, representative of Wash- 
ington Co., Kv.. a mistake for Col. James 
McDonald, 22 ; Mackville, origin of 
name, 22; MacKittrick, nc, 22, 30; 
McLogin f,, nc, 47 ; Marshall. Thomas, 
in Ky. Legislature with Col. James 
McDonald, "19; l\Latteson, Alice, 58; 
Methodist Church, its general history, 
6-12; its influence reaches Wales. 7; 
cause of its ])opularitv. 9 : the work of 
local preachers. 1 1 ; Mitchell, China, nc, 
30, 59: Robert S,, 59 ; Mary L, 40, 

[ 71 ] 

Alexander, 40; Alice Fisk, 52 ; Mrs. Al;ce, 

50 ; Alice Lee, s° ; I>i"' 4° ; Dewitt L. 
and M. Jasper start for Cal., 20; Dewitt 
Livingston f, 48, 49 ; Dewitt L., Jr., 49 ; 
Klizabeth, 55; Elizabeth Blythe, 49; 
Frank Virgil, 44; Griffin. Dr., at Savan- 
nah, iMo., 20; James, Col., 37: his lite 
briefly sketched, 17-21 ; James Monroe, 
Capt., leaves Ky. for the West, 19 : a 
very short notice of his life and works in 
California, 48 ; James Monroe, Jr. (son 
of D. L.), 49; Joseph, Dr., at Savannah, 
Mo., 20 ; Joseph William, 51 : Josephine 
Bonaparte, 51 ; Laura Lee, 49 ; Mabel 
North, 51; Marcus Lindsay, friendly to 
religion, 17; his family, 50, 51 ; M. L., 
Jr., 51 ; Martha Louisa, 52 ; Marion 
Jasper, 50; Martha Harriet, 52; Martha 
Shepard, this book dedicated to her, 
oldest living descendant of Jesse Peter ; 
sketch of her life, 13-17; her family, 
37 ; Martha Shepard (her namesake and 
dr. of Dr. R. H.), 44; Mrs. .Martha 
EUenor, 48 ; Martin Pierce, 48 ; Mary 
(dr. of Ale.x-.), 54; Milly Ann, 40, 46; 
Ralphine, Mrs., 50 : Richard, Major, 
homestead, 17, 18; Richard Hays, Dr., 
37 ; an old letter of his, 39-41 ; 
pioneer in the family, 19 ; his long labors 
on the family history, 21 ; his aversion to 
holding public offices, 43 ; his family, 43 
-46; his son, Richard Hays, Jr., 44; his 
wife, Mrs. Sarah Mariah, 43 ; Stewart, 

51 ; William Hunter, 49. 

Nauvoo, 111., where Dr. R. H. McD. first 
practised medicine among the Mormons, 
19, 41 ; North, Ralpine, 50. 

Osburn f., 35. 

Pacific Bank, its relation to R. H. and I. 
M. McDonald, 22, 41. 48 : its statement, 
42; Parrott (Mrs. John H.), 26: Parrott 
f., nc, 64 ; Petroleum, where first known 
in Ky., 13 ; Petersburg, \'a.. how named, 
11; Phillips f., 61, 62: Pile. nc. 26: 
Pilmoor, Joseph, in America. 8: Prairie- 
de-Roche, 111., where Dr. R H. McD. 
practised medicine, 19. 41 ; The Plitte, 
or Platte's Purchase from the Indians. 
41 ; Potts, nc, 40. 



Historical sketch of the early days of 
this family, 5-12; parts of tlie family 
chronicles uncertain, 5 ; Peter ancestors 
identified with the growth of the .Metho- 
dist Church, 5 ; Peter ancestors first con- 
nected with the Methodist cause, 7 ; 
Richard and William, early converts, 10; 
come to America, 10 ; die in Va.. 10 ; 
Richard's son William has issue : Jesse, • 
Richard, Reuben, Jordan, Lewis, Samuel, 
Elizabeth, Nancy, 12; William, the 
early convert, brother of Richard, had 
two'sons. Jesse and John, 12: this last 
Jesse is the ancestor whose name is on 
title-page of this book. 


Alexander Munroe, 54 ; Alice, 29, so : 
Mrs. Alice, 58; Alice P., 60; Almira, 
ch., 26, par., 30 ; Alsimedia, 27 ; Alva 
Lee, 29 ; Anna, 27 ; Ann Mariah, 33 ; 
.Vrabella, 54 ; Archibald, 24 ; Arena, 
63 ; Arimathea, ch., 26, par., 30 ; Arme- 
nius, ch., 26, par., 29; Athenia, 21, 26, 
27. 3°. 3< ; dr- of Paris, 27. 

Bernarden, 26. 

Carrie, Mrs., 55 ; Catherine Amanda, 33; 
Charles C, 60 ; China, 24, 25, 59 : dr. 
of Jordan, 33 ; Cynthia, ch., 24, 25, 
par., 64 ; Cyrus. 24, 25. 

Edith, 32; Edwin Mountford, 29; El- 
dridge, 53 : son of Theoph., 55 ; Elisha, 
24 ; "Elizabeth, 32 ; dr. of William, son 
of Richard, the missionary, 12 ; Mrs. 

Elizabeth. 57 ; Elizabeth Julia. 60 ; 
Emily, 32 ; Emmett Morrison, 30 ; 
Emory, 26, 30 ; Emory Evan, 30 ; 
Eunice A. Roseyle, 33. 

Flavius, 55 ; F"rances, 24 ; Francis Calvin. 
63 ; Frances Caroline, 33. 

Gideon, 24. 

Hardin, ch., 24. 25, par., 54 ; Harry Clay, 
54 ; Hartford, Dr., ch., 24, 25, par., 63 ; 
Hester Delilah, 33; Hollie. 55. 

Irvin Rue, 54 ; Lsadore Vernetta. 27. 

James, 33 : James McDonald. 29: son of 
Paris, 60 : Mrs. Jane Ellen. 63 : Jason 
Lee, 32 ; Jesse, son of William, first 
Peter ancestor well-known, 5-12; his 
life, 12, 13; his brother John, 12 ; their 
second cousins, Jesse and Jordan, 12; 

[ 7-^ ] 

Jesse f.. 24 : son of Mountford, cli., 26, 
par., 29: Jesse S., 63 ; Jessarah, 29; 
John, 40 (see Jesse, i2j; John Bell, 63; 
Jordan, ch., 24, 25, par., 32. (For Jordan 
see also Jesse, 12.) 
Kate Bell, 54; Keron, 55; Kiturah, ch., 

24. 25, par., 57 ; dr. of Armenius, 29. 
Laura, 30 : Laura Amelia, 27 ; Lee, 55 : 
Lemuel Dewitt, 54 ; Leslie Harber, 30 ; 
Mrs. Lettie, 55; Lewis, 12: Ludwell 
Carter. 63 ; Lula M., 55 ; Lulie, 27. 
Malvinah F. C. Somirah, 35 ; Margaret 
Adelaide, 33 ; Martha, dr. of Jordan, 33 ; 
Martha Shepard, her life, 13-18; ch., 
24, 25. par., 37; Mary, 54; Mrs. Mary, 
54 ; Mary Jane, 32 ; Mary Kate, 27 ; 
Mattie, 27 ; Mattie E., 60; Mattie 
McBrayer, 54 ; Milly Ann, 32, 33 ; ]\Iilly 
Sweeney, ch., 24, 25, par., 6i ; Mount- 
ford, ch., 24, 25, par., 26 ; son of Paris, 
60 ; son of Armenius, 29. 
Nancy, 54 ; Nancy, dr. of William, son of 

Richard, the pioneer preacher, 12. 
Oma A. Elizabeth, 35 ; Orceneth, 26, 31. 
Paris, ch., 24, 25, par., 60 ; son of i\Iount- 
ford, contributor to this work, 21 ; ch., 
26, 39-41, par., 27-29; Parthenia, 54: 
Preston, 24, 25; Dr. Freston, ch., 26, 
par., 30. 
Richard and William, our first ancestors 
known to us, early converts to the Metho- 
dist Church, 10 ; came to America, 10 ; 
died in Va., 12; Richard and Reuben, 
grandsons of Kichard, 12; Robert Clin- 
ton, 33 ; Robert Hewett, 30 ; Robert 
Mitchell, 60; Robert Newton, 29 ; Rufus 
Lee, 54. 
Sallie, 1st wife of Mountford, 26: Samuel, 
son of Wm., son of Richard, the preacher, 
12; Samuel, 60 ; Samuel Holloway, 60 ; 
Mrs. Sarah B., 55; Sarah Elenora, 26 ; 
Sarah Ellen, 33 ; Sarah Elizabeth, 63 ; 
Schuvler, 32 ; Susan Alice. 30. 
Theoph'ilus, 55; Thomas Hartford, 63; 
Thomas Jefferson, 60 ; Thomas Way, 
Vernetta, ch.. 26, par., 29. 
Walter Millan, 60; Wilbur, 55; son of 
Lemuel, 54; Wilbur T., 55: William, 
brother of Richard, 12: William, son of 
Richard, 12; his children, Jesse, Richard, 
Reuben, Jordan, Lewis, Samuel, Eliza- 
beth, Nancy. 12; William, 27; William 
Dea, 29 ; William Preston, 30. 


Rabjohn, nc, 29 : Robert Raikes' first 
Sunday school, S; Rayborn, in posses- 
sion of old Major Richard McDonald 
homestead near IVfackville, 22 ; Redding, 
Dr., f., nc, 22, 55, 56; Redman, Susan 
C, 33: Reed, nc, 54; Reinhardt, nc, 
29 ; Rue, Parthenia, contributor to our 
work, 21 ; her family, 54, 55 ; Roberts, 
nc, 36 ; Robinson, nc, 40. 

Sacramento, Cal., 19-21 ; Savannah, Mo., 
20; Schooling, Martha, 41; Scott, 
Gen. Chas., candidate for governor of 
Ky., 14 ; Shaw, T. J., 40 ; Shewmaker, 
nc, 40, 63 ; Simpson, Isabella, 50 ; 
Sloss, Louis, 53 ; Smith, nc, 35, 40 ; 
Spears, Mary A., 40; Spence, Kiturah, 
f., nc, 57 ; Spencer, Dr. John C, 41 ; 
John C, Jr., Mrs. Martha Shepard, 44; 
McDonald, " the Class Cup Boy," 44 
-46; Steinagel f., nc, 43 ; Stewart f., 
nc, 33 : Strickland's Life of Bishop 
Asbury. 7 ; Strock f.. nc , 58 : Sweeney, 
nc, 13 ; Swift f., nc, 53. 

Talbot, Sarah AL, 48; Tate f., 58; Tibbits, 
Elizabeth. 57 : Turner, Kate, Harrison, 
Eliza, 31: Turner, Milly Sweeney, 
Joseph, and f.. 61, 62. 


Wakefield, f.. nc. 19, 20, 46-4S ; Walls 
f., 36 ; Wells. Albert, not to enlist his 
services, 23 ; Wells f., nc, 26; Wesley, 
John, founder of Methodism. 6; Wesley 
in America, from I73f-I738, 6; Wetzel 
f., 34: Whipple f., 43; Whitefield, 
George, the great leader of the Methodist 
Church, 6, 7 ; his -wonderful eloquence, 
10 : Wilco.x, J. A. J., the engraver. 23 ; 
Wright, Richard, sent by Wesley to 
America, 7 ; Wycoff, Eliza, 40. 


Vice President. 

A-.:^ .\ .x*^ .A:J.Xii&>i5k;.^T-js..^%^|ri 

Cashier. ' / \A 

Cor. Pixe and Sansome Streets. 

r%n Ma^ic/Jc^, ^a/. Ja?i. I //cf^ 

pAPITAL STOCK, paid up, 81,000,000 ) 
SURPLUS, - - - $439,ll5.2n 
Dear Sir: "^'^ 

With the Opeiliug of the New Tear, and the evident prospective revival of business in all branches, we 
desire to call your attention to the annexed Statement of the aft'.iirs of this Bank; and to offer you our services, should vou 
at any time desire to open an account in this City, or make any change in your present Banking arrangements. 


tate $150,000 00 

ceivable 1,206,349 14 

Lft8( Solvent) 66,96078 

y Investments 3, .504 50 

Association and Dock Stocks 6,188 40 

lom Banks and Bankers 191,872 39 

. . (Coin in our Vault,) 997,503 01 

$2,622,378 22 


Capital Stock 11,000,000 00 

Profit and Loss 439,115 21 

Due Depositors 1,069,001 13 

Due Banks and Bankei-s 114,026 88 

Due Dividends 235 00 

$2,622,378 22 

111 accordance with the requirements of the Banking Laws of the State of California, we hereby verify the 
above Statement. 

state of CALIFORNIA, Cnr and County of San Francisco, ss.~^. H. McDonald, President, and S. G. Murphy, Cashier 
he foregoing Statement is true to the best of their knowledge and belief. 

R. H. McDonald, President. 
S. G. MUKPUY, Cashier. 

of r.L. iiic IJaiik, do make oath and s 

Subscribed and sworn to before mo tliis I7lh day of January. iSSo 
[sE'iL. ] E. H. THARP, Notary Pnblic. 

From our long experience in Banking in this City, we have a thorough knowledge of the business in all its 
details, and no ellorts will be spared by us to render to those opening accounts with us every advantiige appertaining to their 

We give advice in detail of all credits, and acknowl 

edge promptly all letters, and will furnish a private tele 
graphic code lo correspondents, when requested. 


Sliiiinients of Gold and Silver 

special care and prompt returns. 

Being connected by Teleiihone with all the principal 

warehouses and the "Produce Exchange," we keep 
thoroughly posted in the Wheat, Grain and Flour market, 
md are prepared at all times to make loans on Flour, 
Wheat and Barley, and other approved merchandise in 

Investments made on Commission, and special 
itteillion given to the negotiation of lirst-class loans of 
:itics, counties and other corporations. 

>Ve buy and sell Bills of Exchange on the principal 
Cities in the U.mted States, Esgla.nd, Fka.vce and Ger- 


3. a. MURPHY, Cashier. 
*v\ .\-v-'sr^>c \ \ V. ,N. -x A \ 

Collections made and prompt returns rendered at 
market rates of exchange. 

Telegraphic transfers made with New York, 

Boston, Chicago, and principal cities of the U. S.; also, J 

cable transfers to Europe. / 

Letters of Credit and Commercial Credits issued ■' 

on the Principal Cities of the United .St.vtes and El'ROpe. , 

Loans made on good collaterals or approved > 

names. Good Business Notes and Drafts discounted at ^ 

lowest market rates. 


Deposits received , subject to check without not ice- / 

National, State, City & County Bonds & Warrants, '' 

and other Securities, bought and sold. / 

We respectfully call attention to our focilities for ^ 

doing every kind of legitimate Banking Business. / 

A Prudent and Conservative Course is one of the y 

first principles of successful Banking. This will be our - 
Yours, ver)' respectfully, 

R. H. McDonald, President. 
^-^rjirjS'JBrjK'Ai. Kahili. *.\ vv^x \ \ n \ h \ s- x-x-n-'.^^v V 


g g ° 'o 

a § ; I' 

; 5. S I 

I 2, 5' B 

P „ •• tt 

^ e g f3 tf w e to > 





t O i C O O O a O » O O S C 55 <s K «s O O O C 2? o o s s> Q EG s^ 2 

S c 5 o EJ Jig ."a 

.= ^-^--IIS -^.3 .S.Sg.S,Sp||S CS 
S. IJ g -„ ga £;ag,»o go g 

3 ?? ■ s |i ^11 ?| '-^ P 

I i ' p ' i 



S^" FRIENDS, please read this Circular over carefully, 
benefit to you. After having done so, hand it to your neighbor 

It can do no harm, and may prOTe of gT»eat ^ 
to read; and if more are wanted, send for them. g 


'an Francisco, CaL. 


^ear Sir : 

I forward to you this address together with 
3-similesof my "Blue Ribbon Temperance 
ledge," which I have written and pubhsbed in 
is form for general circulation among Sabbath 
hools. Children and Teachers, Clergymen, 
3od Templar Lodfjes, Sons of Temperance 
visions, Tempernuoo Societies, and to all 
tiers in sympathy with this good cause. 
In view of the Alarming Spread of In- 
mperance, we earnestly invite your co-op- 
ation and influence in arresting and anuihi- 
ing this gigantic evil, which, nioro than all 
ler ills combined, is retarding the moral 
d physical growth— aye, sapping tho very 
3-blood of our country. 

Our Influence. 

3ur influence may be silent, and scarcely 
rceptible to ourselves, but still it is going 
th in power. Silent forces are ever the most 
tent on earth. We are touching oiu- 
low-beings on every side ; and they are 
jcted fur gool or evil by what wo say or do. 
ey too are touching othfrs, and thus widen- 
; the circle, perpetuating our influence, 
erever we are. In the family circle, above 
1 beyond all the teaching, the daily life of 
:h parent and child, mysteriously modifies 

life of every person in the household. The 
Qe process, on a wider scale, is going on 
ongh the community. No man lives to 
nself, and no man dies to himself. Every 
hoose what his influence shall be. but 
ether he shall exert an influence or not is he- 
ld his control. 

appeal to all good pieople to eo-operate in 

I fael it both a, duty a»d a pleasure to do what 
I can for the common welfare of the people. 
The stronger should, by right, look after the 
weaker, to advise, instriiet and assist them. Ko 
one should live unto himself. 

Intemperance and Tobacoo. 

Please allow the follow^ing reasons, in 
part, to plead with you as my apology for the 
liberty I take in asking your co-operation in 
this work for the good of humarity. My de- 
sign is to furnish forcible arguments and su-ges- 
lions concerning the wide spread elTecls of 
these twin evils. Intemperance and Tobac- 
co. The tail of one is but the head of the 
other. All users of Tobacco are not drnnkarda 
or bad men, but all drunkards and nine-tenths 
of all bad men use Tobacco. Tke evils arising 
from tobacco are less apparent at first, but none f 
the less fatal. 

Intemperance— by which I mean the use of 
ardent spirits in any manner as a beverage, 
nud tobacco in all its forms as a luxury or 
habit, are evils of such enormity that they may 
be said to embrace all others ; they are cer- 
tainly unlike all others, they wound wherever 
man is vulnerable. This cannot be said of aoy 
other evils to which man is heir. 

Respectfully, R. H. McDONALD. 

Sickness Is an evU, but it wouois only M 
his health ; misfortune mar take kwav kis pro- m 
perty, it wounds but only kis property. Q 

Slander may take awav his good name, it § 
wounds only his character. Blindness may P| 
take away his sight and Deafness kis hearing, ^ 
and so with all his senses, but these affliciions 3 
touch not his true manhood. S| 

Death may take his life, but he dies soBud g 
of mind and in the hope of immortality, and S 
thus It ia thronghciut the whole catalogue of gl 
evils both moral and natural, they all come S 
single and alone. ^ 

Alcohol and Tobacco, when they strike. 
strike from head to foot, when they w^ound, 
tht-y wound in every part. 



le gigantic 

ich are retarding the moral and phys: 
wlh, and are undermining the very founda- 
is of our country. Our nation is emascula- 
, lis vigor destroyed by these evils. Relieve 
blond of the nation of these corruptions, 
3 its mind from the drunken lethargy 
se twin poisons impose upon it, and you 
iroo its Courts from hardened criminals, 
scaffold from wretched victims, its alms- 
ises from degraded paupers, its insane 
Uuns from hopeless wrecks of huaanity, 
trcets from idlers, its homes from beggary, 
its purso from high and needless taxatioii! 
am often told that so large a number of 
are engageil in tho manufacturing, vending 
traffic in ardent spirits and tobacco, and 
: these customs and habits are so firmly fixed 
ho minds of the American people, that I had 
•ell try to stay the mighty waves that lash 
cliff-bouud ocean, or butt my head against 
•Pyramids of Tgypt" with the hope of 
ttliii_' their foundations, as for me to at- 
pt to break them up. I must admit that the 
?ni fearfully against mo, but it is my 
1 and determination to do what I can to arrest 
6 great and threatening evils, 
rany cannot or will not understand or 
reciato my elTorts in this work, nevertheless, 
h to cast my weight on tho side of common 
inity, and work \vhi!e I can, that the world 
I'l' a httli' lietter when I am gone that I 

» \ N: 


The use of Intoxicating Drinks and 
Tobacco — for they are always together in 
cases of drunkenness- mortgugea the farm, fills 
poor houses and prisons; retards public im- 
provements, promotes ignorance and wretched- 
ness, brings disaster to the merchant-ships and 
the railroad trains, lights the torch of the in- 
cendiary, maddens the brain of the robber and 
assassin, closes the shop, bank, factory, store; 
writes "bankrupt " upon many a promising en- 
terprise;is the great curse of the manufacturin" 
village, and dooms the city to vice, violence 
and misrule ; tends to deteriorate, aorally and 
physically, the ofl'spring yet unborn of those 
addicted thereto. 

This state of things, if produced in any 
other way, would sprcail weeping and sackcloth 
nations and continents. Any sweeping 
jiestilence that could do this wosld hold a ua. 
tion in alarm, and dift'uso froia obo end of it to 
he other trembling and horror. 

It is well understood that this is tho effect of 
the use of these baiufil arlicles— alcohol and 
tobacco. The effect is not casual, inciden- 
tal, and irregular. It is nnit'orm, certain, 
deadly as the sirocco of the desert. 

It is not a periodical influence, returning 
at distant intervals, but it is a deadly pestilence, 
breathing always ; difl'using its poison when 
men sleep, and when they wake ; by day and 
by night ; in seed lime and iu harvest. 

Hogshead of Rum or Tobacco. 

The destroyer seeks his victim alike in 
every hogshead, bo it rum or tobacco. He ex- 
empts no man (rom danger who uees either; and 
is always sure of prostrating the most vigorous 
frame ; of clouding the most splendid intellect ; 
of benumbing the most delicate moral feelings ; 
of paralyzing the most eloquent tongues; of 
teaching those on "whose lips listening senates 
hung, " to mutter and babble with the druukard, 
and of entombing the most brilliant talents 
and hopes of our youth ! 

The use of these twin poisons is not only 
occasionally injurious, but it is like the genera- 
tion before tho flood in its eflects, evil ; evil, 
only, and that continually. It should bo a 
sufhcient argument with any reasonable man 
to kuow that this combination of evils as an 
enemy to man wounds him wherever he can be 

minute Ut 
its per- Jl 

They take health, property, friends, man- 
hood, character, liberty, sight, hearing, 
brutalize all moral instinct, degrade the in- 
tellectual faculties, natural afiections, destroy 
every talent for good, take life and destroy the 
immortal soul. 

By accident, a 
but he dies sane. 

Three Modes of L'sing Tobacco. 

Of the three irethoda of using tobaooo, 
that of smoking has inginuatcd itstif most ex- 
tensively among the youth of this countrv, and 
is the most hurtful use that can be made "of ihe 
weed. Tobaoco employed in this way, being 
drawn in by tho breath, oouvfys its p'oisonoBs 
iofluenoes to every part of the lungs. There 
the noxious fluid ia absorbed in the 
spongy air cells, and kas time to exert 
nicioiis influence on tho blood 
but vitiating it. The blood imbibes the stimn! 
lant narcotic anj circulates it through the whole 
system. It produces, in consequence, a feb- 
rile action in ]ier8ons of delicate habits, where 
there is tendency to weakness and the tubercu- 
lar deposit in the langs. The debility of these 
organs, consequent om the uso of tobacco, must 
favor these depo>;it5, aad thus the seeds of 
consumption are sown. This practice im- 
pairs the tastC; lessens the appetite and weakens 
the power of tke stomaoh greatly. The preva- 
lence of a cravin» thirst among smokers can 
be traced to its action o» the luu^s, because Ihe 
nicotine is there, instead of in the stomach. 
The liquors that are drank do not alleviate the 
thirst, but rather aggravate it. It is time med- 
ical testimony was turned to this point, and 
the great danger pointed out that threatens to 
make us a nation of Sybarites and pigmies. 

The use of tobacco disturbs the regular 
pulsation of the heart : 

Tobacco users are thus hourly in danger, ''1 
and often suddenly fall dead. The habit weak- ]2 
ens the mind, enfeebles the memory, paralyzes f\ 
the will, produces morbid irritability, diseases /I 
the imagination, deadens the moral sensibili- i' 
ties, and is continually an assault and battery 'I 
on the nervous systeia, the intellect and the 'J 
soul. fj 

A strong and sensible -writer thus tersely A 
expressis a great truth— Tobacco has utti riy J 
mined thousands of boys. It tends to the soft- ^ 
fning of the bones, and it greatly injures the A 
brain, the spinal marrow, and Ihe whole ner- ';' 
vous fluid. A boy who smokes early and £re- A 
quently, or in any way uses large quantities jj 
of tobacco, is never known to make a man of 3 
much energj', and generally lacks muscular A 
and physical as well as mental power. Wo M 
would warn boys, who want to be any thing in {5 
tho world, to shun tobacco as a most baneful S 
poison. « 

V N'-x-' \ \ x-v" x-s.'-vx-N-v v-N .\ ..; 

Eniiueut Authorities. 

Speaking of Uie decay of the 
caused by tobacco, 'iho Scalpel, a ceit-Dra- 
tc-d medical journal, says : "If there is a vice 
more prostrating to the miud and body, ami 
more crucifying to all the sympathies of man s 
spiritiwl nature, -we have yet to be convinced 
"il of it." 

Professor Mead, of Oberlin College, says: 
■'Th.-' tobacco habit tends to deaden the 
sense of honor, as well as of d.ceiiry, and 
none aro more likely to practice deception uu- 
scrupulously than those who use tobacco 
Young men who neither fear God nor regard 
man-who have not even respect for woman, 
which shows the lowest possible moral o.auli- 
lion-apparentlv enjoy the privilege of blow- 
ing their tobacco smoke iulo the faces of 
lidies who pass them. The patience with 
which cilizeus submit to this nuisance is to 
me marvelous." 

Thomas Jefferson said: "The culture of 
tobacco is productive of infinite wretched 

1 an nnf» «,.™ VpII^i-* 1 ^d, sinful, debasing and ruinous as they a 

190,000 Klim hellCl^. ^j^^^ g^^ their countenance and sanction 

■mere are in the United States 190,000 \ public opinion, and here they must find tht 

licensed rum-sellers, 2,000,000 habiUial — - 

drinkers, 600,000 hopeless sots, 60,000 

drunkards who fall into dishonored graves 

ally. N 

■ly all the murders committed are 
t'he"results of drinting and drunkenness. Care- 
ful estimates show that there are fermented 
and distilled liquors yearly used in the United 
Slates to fill a canal four feet deep, '—-•""" 

quor shops 


The strongest tobacco contains sis or seven 
cent, of alkaloid nicotine, a dark, acrid, 
, „.uco oil, a most virulent poison. A drop 
of tlie concentrated solution being sufficient 
to kill a dog, and its vapor destroymg 
birds.— ^;i?;/t(o)i's C ■ydopedia. 

Using tobacco, especially smoking, weak- 
}i ens the nervous powers, favors a dreamy, im- 
1 aginative, and imbecUe state of mind ; pro- 
i duces indolence and incapacity for manly or 
J continuous exertion, and sinks its votary into 
!] a state of careless or mauaiin inactivity, and 
4 seiash enjoyment of his vice.— i)r. Copelaml. 
<\ If people could see the loathsome dens 
'{ in which much of the tobacco they use is 
)] manufactured, they would recoil, ere befouling 
themselves with matter thus concocted by filthy 
hands in filthier holes. 

Cost of Drinks and Tobacco 

FOB 10, 20, 30, -10, and 50 yeaes. 
Fathers, mothers, guardians, young men 
and raaidsns please read the following Table 
of Calculation, and see what it costs a young 
man, starting at the ago of twenty, to take 
three drinks at ten cents each, and smoke 
three cigars at ten cents each, daily, making 
the expense sixty cents per day. The small 
amount of sixty cents per day, if deposited in a 
Savings' Bank at eight per cent, per annum 
interest and compounded every six months, will 
produce the results as given in the following 

1st ten veass, between age of 30 and 30, S3,290 
o,i .. " " " " 30 and 40, 10,500 

3,1 " " 40 and 50, 26,200 

4(h •■ " " " " 50 and 60, 60,090 

51)1 .. .- .' " " 60 and 70 136,360 

You will observe that the above includes 
no extra expenditure for smoking or chew 
tobacco or cigarettes, snuflfor I'ven an occasion- 
al " Hottlo oiWine," but merely one cigar 
after each meal, and three drinks during 
the diy and evening. "SVe believe the above 
cstimato below rather than above the average 
with those indul|.'ingiu these loioiries or more 
pr.iperly dissipations. 

More tiijiu Dollars and Cents. 

There are results in this world, which canuot 
bo estimated by dollars and cents. The time 
wasted in the indulgence of these pernicious 
habit.i, whicih tend to keep a man away from 
his family during those hours in which a wife 
is entitled to her husband's company, should 

I bo a matter of very serious consideration. 

I Money is not the standard of value, when 
character, manhood, and all that is ennobling in 
human nature, is taken into consideration. 

feet wide, and 120 miles long; an^ 
enouch side bv side, to make adouuie row, oi- 
street, 100 miles^long. It costs )S11,000,000 
a vpnr to sunport the paupers oi 
^ulunUed Spates. ^-200,000,000 
is invested in the liquor tiaue 
alone ; and how much in tobaoco I have no 
statistics to show. 

Vote for Temperance Men. 

Friends of Temperance, and all lovers of 
vour country, I beseech you to hold counsel to- 
gether; show your determination, by acts as 
well as words, to crush out the use, manufac- 
ture and sale of intoxicating liquors, and 
poisonous, brutalizing tobacco. Vote for good 
temperance men at your elections, and, as lar 
as possible, make every vote a temperance 
pledge, until you have rid the land of these 
deadly poisons, and by so doing deserve the 
blessings of the good and the wise. 

Let all good citizens demand the passage 
and enforcement of an ordinance strictly and 
sternly forbidding the sale of drinks or tobac- 
co to minors. There is probably at this time 
no greater hindrance to religion and morality 
than the use of tobacco. 'Xhe trumpet of 
battle has been sounded among good and re- 
ligious people, against this terrible evil, affect- 
iu" so seriously our people, especially the 
voung of our country. Very soon all will have 
to take sides on this question, and I appeal 
especially to all the boys and girls in ;he laud, 
to enlist under the banner of perfect purity in 
all things. 

Young Men and AVomen Beware 

of social influences and the demons of fashion 
that tempt you to drinking habits, resulting, 
step by step, in familiarity with vice and intem- 
perance, a loss of self-respect, and, as the tir»t 
step in remedying these great evils, sign the 

" Blue Ribbon Temperance Pledge," 

and keep it sacredly, and you are secured against 
all such dangers. 

Our Name — "Blue Ribbon Temperance 
Pledge," we derive from Sambers 15, 38 and 40. 

The people of Israel were forgetful of God's 
commands, and He directed Moses to tie a 
blue ribbon to the hem of their garments, where 
it would be constantly before their eyes, that 
they might "remember his commandments, to 
do them." 

The Blue Ribbon should be put on with the 
signing of the pledge, and worn both as a 
badge and a symbol. 

Please read the Card carefully, and intro- 
duce it to your Sunday-schools, and by such 
organized action as you may deem proper, 
obtain all the signatures possible, and thus 
add your influence to the great work of bring- 
ing about a healthy state of pubHc sentiment 
on" these two monster evils. 

If you will do nothing more, pledge your- 
selves not to drink wine or other intoxicat- 
ing drinks, or smoke or use tobaoco, at the 
expense of another. This will commend itself 
to every person of lady-like and gentlemanly in- 
stincts, and put an end to social treating. 

Temperance men and women of all ages, 
organize yourselves into temperance societies 
for efficient work, and destroy the yoke of a 
hoi. It is upon wives and helpless children 
that these great evils fall most heavily. "Wick 


Ask yourselves the following 
questions : 

Does it pay to have fifty workmen, wi 
their families, poor, half fed or starving,^ 
support one liquor saloon and tobacco shop : 

Does it pay to receive a few dollars fo; 
license to conduct this nefarious business a 
have one citizen in jail, tried, convicted a 
hanged for murder, at a cost to the county 
§20,000, while the rumseller who sold him 1 
driuk that induced him to commit the crime, 
free from lef^al responsibility. 

Does it pay to have hundreds and the 
sands ot intelligent young men turned ii) 
hoodlums, thieves and vagabonds, that a fi 
men in a neighborhood may lead a lazy lite 

Uing them rum and poisonous tobacco.' 

Put alcohol and tobacco, as luxuries, c 
of existence, and you have annihilated i 
greatest curses and tyrants of the human rf 
Banish the cause, and depraved appetites^ 
cease. You will restore the Drunkard 
himself, his business, his family and frier 
put fire on his cold hearth, food on his b 
table, clothing on his ragged and neglected c 
dren, rejoice the heart of his wife in peace i 
plenty, give nerve to his arm, give joy to 
toil by day and repose to his miud by nig 
All this is possible, if good men and wor 
will join in a common etl'ort — not fanatica 
but firmly— to proclaim their principles ev< 
where, aiid boldlj stand by them. 

Preachers in our Pulpits. 

Is it right to have preachers in our i 
pits, and intrust teachers in our schc 
aud' Sabbath-schools with the care, inst 
tiou aud guidance of our children, that di 
ardent spirits, or use tobacco in any fori 
whose precept and example are poten 
iutluencing our children for good or evil ? 
rents, please think a moment about these ho 

home to every 
and earn( 
their instruction and best interests. 

Does it pay to tolerate any traffic 
breeds poveitv, crime, idleness, agony, sh 
and death wherever it is allowed ? I say 1 

Rum and tobacco sellers, you alone 
think these iniquities do pay, tell the pale.w 
ed wife and mother, and the ragged, negl 
ed children, that out of the rum and fob 
you have sold their husbands and fathers 
have become rich. 

Tell the drunkard that for his wilh( 
bloated body s death and his soul's pi 
tiou, you have been paid so much money. 

Tell the orphans in the street that 
robbed them of parents, home, bread, educs 
and friends, to live a lazy, easy life youi 

Stand by the graves of the last 12 mo 
and shout to the 60,000 sots who die anuu 
that you are one of those to whom they ar 
debted for their desolate death-bed, and that 
sacrificed them for gold. 

Follow your victims to the bar of < 

lere you must speak the truth— there wi 
no prevarication there— aud say before Ete 
Justice, " I slew them, and have brought 
less perdition upon mvself for the sake 
short aud infanious life on earth." 

Tobacco used in any form 

Is poisonous to the human body, espec 
so to the nervous svstem. It destroys th 
tality of children in their tender growing y 
and to a greater or less extent stunts thegr 
of all who use it. No young man usin 
bacco ever developed into the same nms 
and nervous vigor aud manhood, he would ' 


it. It renders children iuclined to be 
;, feeble, and helpless, or causes their death 
1 early age, and must be regarded as one 
,e chief reasons why our boys are not 
ing lip vigorous aud strong as in earlier 
■!, when medicated cigarettes and cigars 
little known and seldom u»ed. 
bave no time nor space here to 
3 facts and figures, but if you will take the 
)le to read scientific treatises and invcs- 
ioDS, giving the baneful effects of tobacco 
I the human system, especially upon the 
ag, you will see that I have sufficient reasons 
peaking as I do of this poison and vice. 
5 from its poisonous effects, it is a useless, 
jnsive, and filthy habit, when chewed, 
:ed, snuffed, dipped, or used in any form 
ever; and for social and cleanly reasons 
Id be avoided as any other disagreeable and 
rtunate nuisance. The aroma of a cigar 
be agreeable to the senses for the moment, 
t is all gone with tha smoke; nothing but 
ffensive nicotine is left behind, and this 
he same effect upon clothing, and the car- 
and drapery of the room, as that produced 
le commonest pipe. 

Cars, Table and Church. 

e often sit down in the cars, at table, 
hurch, in a room by the fide of men, oth- 
ie looking clean, whose hair, whiskers, and 
ing, are so laden v.-ilh the odor of nicotiue 
their presence is intolerable to ladies, ai)d 
1 unaccustomed to such company. 'We 
ly move away from them, and avoid, when 
.u, a repetition of the contact. 
is evident to those who have given 
h thought and careful study to the effect 
bacco upon the good morals and physical 
h of the rising generation, that the time 
iow arrived when an earnest raid should bo 
lenced against that evil, and an effort should 
lade to carefully guard the young against 
pernicious use of tobacco, in all its forms, 
lowing them that it impairs digestion, de- 
363 the vital powers, causes the limbs to 
ble, and weakens the action of the heart. 

Parents, Guardians, Friends, 

) it, that no time is lost. Let our little ones 
irned, ere it be too late. What will satisfy 
taste this year will not be sufficient for the 
and so both smoking aud chewing, like 
ting, will certainly increase from year to 
until the man who, a few years ago, was 
1 very moderate user, becomes the slave 
fi in Promethean chains that he cannot or 
lot break, and which will surely tell most 
isly upon his health in later years. To see 
more wedded to a spittoon, cigar or pipe, 
to their wives, is most unfortunate. It is 
ften the case, that they will desert their 
(any to get somewhere to smoke and ex- 
rate their tobacco juice, and smear their 
teps, porches, and often parlors, with their 
I quids. After a time, they become so 
pea iu feeling by their use, that they are 
^tful or indifferent to the feelings or pleas- 
|0f others, and like many men even hiijh 
jsition, will puff' away at all times and 
3, with utter indifference to the rules of all 
it society. 

Ibacco is injurious to the Teeth. 

IS has been demonstrated by scientists aud 
Jental profession generally many times. 
fohu Allen, the father of dentistry in New 
I whose written works ou dentistry are 
n everywhere, assured me that tobacco, 

er small the quantity taken, is injurious 
e teeth, and that the effect upon the gums 
eeth, and iu fact upon the whole system, 
st baneful. "No man who uses it, and 
1 lo me for advice aud consultation about 
ieth, can sit in my chair a moment wilh- 
ly discovering the unmistakable disease 

and puffinoss it gives the gums; and, usu- 
I find greater difficulty in getting the im- 

pression of the mouth than I do with sound 
healthy gums, free from the poison of nicotine. 
In those who chew or smoke to any great extent, 
the gums are spongy and tender, preventing a 
close fit when the artihcial teeth are inserted. 
1 am caused greater trouble, and give less satis- 
faction to tobacco users, than I am when operat- 
ing upon a mouth free from tobacco or nicotiue 
poison — so much so that I feel compelled to 
make an extra charge upon all such for the 
additional trouble and work I am called on to 
perform to make satisfactory work. 

The teeth of tobacco users, later in Ufe, 
often fall out without decay, on account of the 
saliva loaded with nicotine poison diseasing the 
mouth and gums, destroyin'.; the periostium that 
forms the tie or cement between the tooth and 
the j;iw, causing it to drop out, and, when decay 
has sec in, this poison is very corroding upon 
the bouy structure of the teeih, and such are 
much sooner destroyed than those of a healthy 
mouth, which is free from this corrosive poison. 
I hope men will not deceive themselves about 
matters so important to their health and best 

The National Dispensatory, 

a work of preeminent authority, by Drs. Alfred 
Stille and John M. Maisch, published but a 
few mouths since, on thb Pliysioloijical Effects of 
Tuhaccn, says, "The excessive use of tobacco by 
smoking, snuffing, or chewing lessens the nat- 
ural appetite, more or less impairs digestion, 
and induces ccnstipation, while it irritatesjthe 
mouth and throat, rendering it habitually con- 
gested aud destroying the purity of the voice. 
It induces an habitual sense of uneasiness and 
nervousness, with epigastric sinking or ten- 
sion, palpitation, hypochondriasis, and neu- 
ralgia. Chewind and snuffing tend to cause 
gastralgia, but smoking neuralgia of the fifth 
pair of nerves. (These are the nerves that 
principally supply the face and head.) It ren- 
ders the vision weak and uucertaia, causing 
objects to appear nebulous, or creates musd'e 
volitantes, and similar subjective perceptions. 
In numerous instances it has caused destruc- 
tion of the optic nerve. Similar derange- 
ments of hearing occur, with buzzing, ring- 
ing, etc., in the ears, and even hallucinations 
of this sense. Often there is a feeling of a 
rush of blood to the head, with vertigo and 
impairment of attention, so as to prevent con- 
tinuous mental effort. The mind is also apt to 
be filled with crude and groundless fancies, 
leading to self-distrust and melancholy. The 
sleep is restless and disturbed by distressing 
dreams. It impairs muscular power and cn- 
orc.iuation, probably both by interfering with 
nutrition aud by exhausting nervous force, 
and usually keeps down the growth of muscle 
and the deposit of fat ; and it acts ujion a certain 
number, in almost all cases, as a poison." 

In our Efforts for Reform. 

All great reforms are accomplished by graded 
efforts, aud with a high standard. The work of 
reform in our own lives is by successive steps, 
requiring a life-time to attain the end sought. 
Universal temperance cannot be attained by 
any overwhelmning coercive measures. Like 
all reforms, and like physical changes within the 
human organism, it must be by a gradual pro- 
cess, according with the standard, of education 
upon this subject. The temperance pledge is a 
great and useful thing, but it must be re-invig- 
orated by Christian principle. It must have the 
heart of its being in a pure religion. 

Every ounce of liquor costs the poor man 
a loaf of bread, and every paper of tobacco 
or cigar the same. The "fire liqucr builds in 
a poor man's stomach aud brain, extinguishes 
the fire ou his hearth: while the fiery blood 
that rushes through his own veins, madly burn- 
ing his life away, is transmitted to his help- 
less children, producing and periietuating a 
race of paupers and criminals. 

If there were no rum or tobacco made. 

sold or used 

Make the temperance movement felt ev- 
erywhere, aud ultimate victory is sure to come. 
Organize, with determination to triumph, 
aud hundreds of thousands will flock to your aid. 
Every such movement as Temperance and 
Tobacco reform needs continual renewing. 
The power of the tide of this reformation de- 
pends on the thousands upon thousands of rills 
that shall continue to flow into it. 

The Religious Principle 

is the most powerful agency in the world. 
Whatever controls that, controls the world. If 
it can be enlisted in the cause of temperance, 
thr.t cause must succeed. That it should be so 
enlisted is most evident, for the highest points 
of good reached in the temperance cause coin- 
cide perfectly with the principles of religion. 

There is no form ot evil that the church 
may not remove; and if the church could be 
brought fully to the support of the abolition of 
the use of ardent spirits aud tobacco, the days 
of these evils would be numbered. But instead 
of the support which the cause of moral reform 
has aright to expect from the church, she is too 
often found arrayed in her practice against 
it. This is often seen in her traffic iu drinks, 
tobacco, cigars, lottery schemes, games of 
chance, etc., at her socials, festivals and fairs. 

A wise general is always careful on which 
side he kills. And it the church would heed 
the teachings, both by jirecept and example, of 
its great Leader, it would not show the morti- 
fying spectacle of wielding the very weapons of 
batan for filthy lucre. 

Every such act is as much a betrayal of 
Christ and his cause, as the treatment he re- 
ceived from Judas, or the defamers of the tem- 
ple, whom he scourged from its sacred wall?. 
Shame upon all Christians who would not 
scruple to take the devil's power to run the 
Lord's mill. 

The habit fixed in Youth governs 
the Man. 

Thousands of prematurely gray heads to-day 
are hasteniugto the tomb, because of the perni- 
cious habits of their youth. 

Habit may be good, but it is alwaysdespot- 
ic. We are free to choose what habits shall 
reign ever us, but we are not free to reject the 
dominion of a habit that has been indulged aud 
grown upon us from childhood. 

The young can have no stronger reason 
than the Power of Habit to induce them to 
scrutinize the influences which are now forming 
their characler. 

The middle-aged and the old have but little 
interest in such an investigation, for on them 
the omnipotent past has already fixed its im- 
press for all time to come. Their intellects have 
already received form and hue from opportuni- 
ties, well or ill improved — long since gone, but 
still working powerfully iu the character for 
good or evil. 

The young are now forming habits which 
shall become thus potent with them, therefore 
we have brought this appeal in their behalf. 

In conclusion, we would ask, is this a busi- 
ness which was ever engaged in with a desire to 
honor God ? Is the manufacture and use of 
these poisons something over which a man can 
pray ? 

And now we submit these thoughts to your 
careful consideration. If moral, the manufac- 
ture, traffic, and use, should be driven on with 
all the power of American energy; with all the 
aids of wealth, and all the might of steam, aud 
all the facilities of railroads; for our Country 
and tha Church call all men to honorable em- 
ployment. But if it bo immoral aud wrong, it 
should be abandoned at once. This is demand- 
ed alike by both Church aud Stale. 
I have the honor to be. 

Most respectfully yours, 

E. H. McDonald. 

The following are fac-similes, face and back, of our "Blue Ribbon Temperance Pledge" Car( 
They can be obtained, in any number, upon application to the 

Metbodist Book Depository, No. 1041 Market Street, or the 
American Tract Society, No. 757 Market Street. 

mm m eibio ;1 i emp eeaije piiE iii. 


" Speak nnto the Children of Israel, and bid fh< m (hnt thry pnt on a KIBBAXD OF BLUE. 

That yo may look npoa it ; that yo m ay i-.kmfmckk."— Numb, xv, 3j— 40. 


GOD helping me, I, THE UNDERSIGNED, pledge my word of 
honor to abstain from the use of DISTILLED, FERMENTED and MiLT 
LIOUORS, as a beverage, and from the use Of TOBACCO in all its terms; 
and I will use all honorable means of inducing others to do the same. 

The Eiblo is a Totnl-.tbstincncc book. Tho-n-ord 

wine occurs in it 261 times ; 12 1 times it contains warn- 
iu{^; 71 times, waruing^s and rcprootiy; 12 times 
pronounces it as poisoi ^"^ "^ ' 

tally prohibr 

lit Wi 

Bdishonored Moali, defiled Ix>t, 

I Mocker, and 

d sorrow. 
ONE who is greater 
symbol of wratli. 

TOBACCO, chewed, smoked, snnflbd, o 

.ny form, is tmhealthy, expensive, uncleanly and i 

tmhealthy, expensive, uncleanly and inconven- 
ient, producins deadening an.l injurious effects on tlie nerv- 
ous system ; and is especially injurious tochildren and youth, 
dwarUng more or lets mind, body end morals. Fathers, mo- 
thers, friends, will you set the example, and use your inOii- 
ence against those ncrnicious habits? If you will thml: scrl- 
ouslTon this subject, and deal honestly withyour convictions, 
we feel confident you will join in this effort. 

Kir Astley Cooper, the preat Enplish surprcon, said:— 
'I never suffer ardent spirits in my house, tkinkmg tlicm 
vllsoirits; andif thepoorcould witness the white liv- 
rs, dropsies.and shattered nervous systemswhirh ■ liie, 
have Bern, as the consequences of drinlcinff, they woul 1 be I you 
ware that spirits and poisous are synonymous term- " *— ' 

Moderate Drinklns leads to Drunkenness; 

Drunkenness leads l o poverty, misery, sickness, crime, insaa 

itv, suicide and d' ath ; makes widows and orphans, shortens 

• hard times, fills our jaila and poorhouscs, ruini 

and Icills old ones; increases our taxes, and re 

tards^theprojjressof religion. 

Strriu"ors"or^ii:™^trntr'L!:ia?'^^ '°™"^ '°'\ oZ^^ZJ^TrZ^ly ml^ouL^a^^"' "^^^ 

intoxicating lii^uors 

I>TEMPERA?ICE nmons; women is incr 

at an aliirmins rate; Etatistics pr^.vo its prcvak 
b9 ttartlinft. lu the upper circles of society, it ia impos 
Bible to Rive a correct statement of its incrrase.becauso the 
retired life of most -women favors the indul^rence in Been t, 
especially during its earlier stases. Eut nnion^r the 
iDwer classes of our cities we have no difficulty in esti- 
mating the inroads Kuu» is making. 

TilE OAU.SES of Intemperance are sooinl 
temptations whenever woman niinpUs in society ; for 
niinMlriiiklnar hasbeconio acustom almost as universat 
asintitii!. in lafiln.innblo circles. 

I \'ri'.m'i;KA^'<'E affects a woman's moral cliar- 
nr(«T mnr'' iii'werfully than it dors tliat of a man. I'lulcr 

'cfl^^in" ait Phe becomes coarse in manner, gross in thought and feel- 
—o ujflin", and vulgar in speech. V hen her system has become 
'^oholized.hir mind also becomes aninialized, and sho is 
sure to transmit to her these degrading qualities 
inaten-fold greater degree than does the father with tlio 
s-mehabits. This fictall medicalauthontiesadmit, that tho 
futurelifeofthechiUl— mental, moral, and physical 
— depcndschieflyuponthopurityof thomother. 

THE KEFOItM must begin in home rircles. 
IWotherS must teach their daughters to abstain from 
drinking wine, it they would keep them from drinking 
br.andv. Teach them that any stimulant which prod 

a temporary exhilaration, if r ' -' " '— - 

fixed want of tho system, and e- 

1 will c 

Additional Circulars like tbis can also bo Imd at the above-mentioned places.