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Full text of "Supplement to the catalogue of the Arabic manuscripts in the British Museum"

SUPPLEMENT 



TO THE 



CATALOGUE OF THE ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS 



IN 



THE BEITISH MUSEUM. 



>v 



,.] 



SUPPLEMENT 



TO THE 



CATALOGUE OP THE ARABIC MANUSCRIPTS 



IN 



THE BRITISH MUSEUM. 



BY 



CHARLES RIEU, PH.D. 





PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 



Uontion : 
SOLD AT THE BRITISH MUSEUM; 



MESSRS. LONGMANS & CO., 39, PATERNOSTER Kow ; B. QUAKITCH, 15, PICCADILLY, W. ; A. ASHER & CO., 

13, BEDFORD STREET, COVENT GARDEN; KEG AN PAUL, TRENCH, TRUBNER & CO., PATERNOSTBR HOUSE, 

CHARING CROSS ROAD ; AND HENRY FROWDE, OSPOUD UNIVERSITY PRESS, AMEN CORNER. 

1894. 



LONDON: 

PRINTED BY GILBEBT AND B1VINGTON, ID., 
ST. JOHN'S HOUSE, CLEBKENWEI.I,, B.C. 



PBEEACE. 



TWENTY-THREE years have elapsed since the Catalogue of the Arabic MSS.* was com- 
pleted ; and during that comparatively short period the accessions have been so numerous 
as to reach in March of the present year a total of thirteen hundred and three manu- 
scripts, which form the subject of the present Supplement. 

This rapid increase has been mainly due to the acquisition by the Trustees of six 
important private collections, which, taken in the order of purchase, are those of M. 
Alexandre Jaba in 1872, of Sir Charles Augustus Murray in 1875, of Major-General Sir 
Henry C. Rawlinson in 1877, of Alfred Freiherr von Kremer in 1886, of Dr. Eduard 
Glaser in 1889, and of Mr. Edward William Lane in 1891 and 1893. 

The first three of these collections have been described in the preface to the Persian 
Catalogue, pp. x. xii. That of M. Jaba comprises thirty-eight Arabic MSS., Or. 1176 
1209, among which may be mentioned a Diwan of Jarlr (no. 1032) and al-Tibrizi's 
commentary upon the Mu'allakat, dated A.H. 703 (no. 1030). 

The greater portion of the collection of Sir Charles A. Murray, Or. 1314 58, was 
acquired by him in Egypt, where he was residing, as Consul-General, in 1844 and sub- 
sequent years. It consists chiefly of fine early copies of Biblical and liturgical books of 
the Coptic Church (nos. 1 38) ; but it includes also some important Mohammedan works, 
such as al-Ahdal's Lives of the 'Ulama of Yemen (no. 670), a royal copy of the Takwim 
al-Sihhah by Ibn Butlan (no. 793), and a volume of the Tadkirah of al-Safadi (no. 1017). 

The main value of Sir H. Rawlinson's collection lies in its Arabic portion, which 
consists of seventy-five volumes, Or. 1491 1565. Like his predecessor in the Residency 
of Bagdad, Col. Robert Taylor, whose collection has been described in the old Catalogue, 

* Catalogue codicum manuscriptorum Orientalium qui in Museo Britannico asservautur. Pars secunda, 
Codices Arabicos amplectens. Londini, 1846' 71. 



vi PREFACE. 

Sir Henry limited his selection almost exclusively to works illustrating the history and 
geography of the East. Three classical works, namely the Muriij al-Dahab of Mas'udi, 
the Kamil of Ibn al-Athlr, and the Mu'jam al-Buldan of Yakut, are represented by a fair 
array of volumes (nos. 450 54, 46264, 68893). Other rare and important works are 
the following : Kitab al-Ma'arif by Ibn Kutaibah, dated A.H. 710 (no. 447) ; Al-Athar 
al-Bakiyah by al-Biruni (no. 457) ; Ta'rikh al-Yammi, dated A.H. 767 (no. 548) ; the 
first volume of Ta'rikh Madinat al-Salam, written apparently in the 13th century 
(no, 655) ; Abu Shamah's abridgment and continuation of Kitab al-Raudatain 
(nos. 554-5) ; the last volume of al-Dahabi's Ta'rikh al-Islam (no. 468) ; Takmilat 
al-Wafayat by al-Mundiri (no. 488) ; the Geography of Ibn Sa'Id (no. 696) ; a 
cosmographical work by Ibn Wasifshah (no. 687) ; and the Pseudo-Aristotelian 
Theologia (no. 722). 

The next collection, that of Alfred von Kremer, although including a few Persian 

and Turkish MSS. (the latter have been described in the Turkish Catalogue), is also 

essentially Arabic. It was formed by that eminent scholar, partly in Damascus, but 

chiefly in Cairo, during the years 1849 80, and has supplied him with ample materials for 

his learned works, such as his " Geschichte der herrschenden Ideen der Islams," 

" Culturgeschichte der Orients," and others. In the Arabic portion, consisting of 198 

volumes, Or. 3004 3201, all branches of Arabic literature are represented. It is 

especially rich in new materials for the history of the origins and early period of Islamism. 

Here we can only point out a few of the exceptionally rare and important works, such as 

the following : Three early collections of traditions relating to the life of Muhammad, by 

al-Khargushi, Abu Nu'aimand al-Baihaki (nos. 509 511); Notices of "Companions" and 

early traditionists by Ibn Sa'd (no. 616) ; a similar, hitherto unknown work of al-Tabari 

(618) ; detached volumes of the rare chronicles of Ibn al-Jauzi, Ibn Shakir and Ibn al- 

Furat (nos. 460, 472, 476) ; the first volume of the Ta'rikh Dimashk of Ibn 'Asakir, 

written in the author's time (no. 658) ; a hitherto unnoticed work of Ibn 'Arabshah on 

the reign of Sultan Jakmak (no. 559) ; Al-Durar al-Kaminah, a full biographical 

dictionary of the eminent men of the eighth century of the Hijrah, by Ibn Hajar 

(nos. 643-4) ; Kitab al-Haidah al-Kablrah, or " Book of the Great Evasion," a curious 

account of a theological dispute in presence of al-Ma'mun (no. 171) ; the dogmatical 

teachings of Ibn Hanbal (nos. 169-70) ; Jamharat al-Ash'ar by Ibn Abi '1-Khattab (no. 

1107) ; the Diwans of Abu Firas and Ibn Hani (nos. 1045-6) ; Luzum ma la Yalzam, 

by Abu "l-'Ala (no. 1050) ; the extremely rare and valuable Tadkirah of Ibn Hamdun 



PKEFACE. vii 

(nos. 1137-8) ; Islah al-Mantik by Ibn al-Sikkit (no. 831) ; the Mujmal of Ibn Ffiris 
(no. 843) ; the Tashlfat of 'All B. Hamzah and of al-'Askari (nos. 841, 842), etc. 

Dr. Glaser's collection was the outcome of the third journey of that enterprising 
Austrian traveller to Yemen. It consists of 328 Arabic MSS., Or. 3717 4044, and is of 
a very special character, being almost entirely confined to Zaidi literature. The history 
of the Zaidi Imams, who for centuries played an important political part in Yemen, is 
here illustrated by a number of hitherto unknown chronicles and biographies (nos. 531 
547). The standard works, partly written by the Imams themselves, in which their 
peculiar system of divinity and jurisprudence is expounded (nos. 203 217, 336 446), 
form, together with their innumerable commentaries, the main bulk of the collection. 
It includes, however, some works of more general interest, among which the following 
deserve a special notice : The Naka'id, or mutual satires, of Jarlr and al-Farazdak, 
probably of the 12th century (no. 1033) ; the rare Diwans of Ibn Hiini and Ibn Alkam 
(nos. 1047, 1053) ; Al-Kamal, a dictionary of traditionists by 'Abd al-Ghani (nos. 625-6) ; 
Makatil al-Talibiyyln, a history of the descendants of 'Ali who suffered martrydom, 
by the author of Kitab al-Aghiini (no. 526) ; Al-'Ibar wa'1-I'tibar, a cosmographical work 
of al-Jahiz (no. 684) ; a Collection of Proverbs by al-'Askari (no. 996) ; an early and 
rare Grammar by Ibn Babashad, with the author's commentary (nos. 917-18) ; and an 
unknown commentary upon the Hamasah (no. 1108). 

A similar but smaller collection, brought home by Dr. Glaser after his second 
journey to Yemen, is now deposited in the Berlin Library. A brief account of its 
contents was published by Dr. Ahlwardt in 1887, and its main portion has since been 
more fully described by the same scholar in the fourth volume of his Arabic Catalogue, 
which, to our regret, did not reach us in time for purposes of comparison. 

The collection of the late Edward William Lane, purchased in two separate sets, 
Or. 41544219, and Or. 46184657, in the years 1891 and 1893, reflects two of the 
special lines of study of that eminent scholar. The first set comprises the material 
brought together in view of his great Lexicon, and pre-eminently the work on which it is 
chiefly based, namely the Taj al-'Arus, transcribed for him by his learned amanuensis 
Shaikh Ibrahim al-Dasuki, in four and twenty bulky volumes (nos. 882 905), as well as 
some rare earlier works, such as Tahdib al-Lughah (nos. 839-40), the Muhkam of Ibn 
Sldah (no. 854), the Mughrib of al-Mutarrizi (no. 864), the Tahdib al-Tahdib (no. 866), 
and al-Misbah al-Munlr by al-Fayyumi (no. 869). 

The second set of MSS. is largely made up of those popular tales which Mr. Lane 



viii PREFACE. 

described in his " Manners and Customs of the Modern Egyptians," namely the romances 
of Saif Du Yazan, Delhemeh, Beiii Hilal and al-Malik al-Zahir Baibars (nos. 1172 
1196). It includes also a few important historical works, such as Insan al-'Uyun 
(nos. 12746), Mir'at al-Zaman (nos. 1270-71), and the Egyptian chronicle of al-Jabarti 
(nos. 1280-82). 

Only two of the above collections have been previously catalogued, namely those of 
Freiherr von Kremer and of Dr. Glaser. Kremer's description of his MSS. (IJber meine 
Sammlung Orientalischer Handschriften, Wien, 1885) is in every way such as was to be 
expected from so accurate a scholar. Only a slight degree of expansion and a few 
corrections were wanted to adapt it for incorporation into the present Catalogue. Dr. 
Glaser had no leisure for a " catalogue raisonne." His lithographed " Verzeichnis " is a 
hastily drawn up list without any attempt at classification or detail. Tables of the 
original numbers of both collections, with references to the present Supplement, will be 
found at the end of the Numerical Index. 

The most important accession after the above-mentioned collections was due to the 
liberality of Col. S. B. Miles, late Political Agent in Muscat, who at various times between 
the years 1875 and 1891 presented to the Trustees no fewer than fifty rare and valuable 
Arabic MSS. (Or. 1382-3, 232833, 242438, 28962920, 4518, 4529), among which 
the following will be found of special interest : Kitab al-Tljan and the traditions of 'Abid 
B. Sharyah, relating to the kings of Himyar (nos. 578-9); the Iklil and Jazirat al-'Arab of 
al-Hamdani (nos. 580, 584) ; two biographical works relating to Yemen, viz. the Tiraz 
of al-Khazraji (no. 671), and Tib al-Samar by al-Haimi (nos. 675-6); Shams al-'Ulum, 
the great dictionary of Nashwan al-Himyari (nos. 658 63) ; the Suluk of al-Makrizi 
(no. 480) ; the Diwans of Abu Firas, al-Arrajani, and Ibn al-Mukarrab (nos. 1044, 
1063, 1066) ; the tenets and jurisprudence of the Ibadi sect, expounded in verse by 
al-Samau'ali (nos. 327-8) ; and the philosophical encyclopaedia of the Ikhwan al-Safa 
(no. 708). 

Two large sets of Oriental, chiefly Arabic, MSS. were secured for the Museum in the 
years 1889 and 1891, at Mosul and the neighbouring town of Elkosh, by Mr. Ernest 
Wallis Budge, Keeper of the Oriental Antiquities. The Arabic portion, Or. 3678 3710, 
4240 4379, consists of 173 volumes and is especially rich in treatises on jurisprudence 
and grammar. It includes also some important works in other branches, such as the 
following : Ma'alim al-Tanzil, of A.H. 715 (no. 103); Al-Nasikh wa'1-Mansukh by Ibn 
Salamah (no. 129) ; Al-Nawawi's commentary on Sahlh Muslim (no. 134) ; the rare 



PREFACE. ix 

history entitled Akhbar al-Duwal al-Munkati'ah (no. 461) ; a thirteenth century volume 
of the Canon of Avicenna (no. 788) ; Jami' al-Gharad, a treatise on hygiene by Ibn 
al-Kuff (no. 803) ; and Al-Iflili's commentary on the Diwan of al-Mutanabbi (no. 1041). 

Some rare and curious works relating to the creed of the Ibadi sect and to the 
history of Quiloa (nos. 202, 329, 600), and two others relating to Abyssinia and to the 
Sudan, were presented respectively by Sir John Kirk, formerly Consul-General in 
Zanzibar, and by the late lamented General Charles E. Gordon (Gordon Pasha). 

Among a large number of MSS., chiefly Persian, secured for the Museum by Mr. 
Sidney Churchill, Persian Secretary to the British Legation in Teheran, there are a few 
copies of important Arabic works with remarkably early dates, such as the following : 
A volume of Avicenna's Canon, A.H. 525 (no. 7.87) ; Al-Mughni by Ibn Hibat-allah, 
A.H. 534 (no. 794); Al-Kashshi's notices of Shl'ah traditionists, A.H. 622 (no. 633); the 
Sihah of al-Jauhari, A.H. 658 (no. 845); the Makamat of al-Harlri, A.H. 688 (no.1009); and 
the Mabsut of Abu Ja'far al-Tusi, A.H. 697 (no. 331). The following are extremely 
rare : Al-Safwah, a description of Egypt (no. 704) ; Al-Tara'if, an ingenious work 
of Shl'ah polemics by Ibn Ta'us (no. 191); Shadd al-Izar, notices of the great men buried 
in Shiraz (no. 677); and the chief work of Bab, founder of the Babi sect (no. 221). 

Apart from the sources above stated, numbers of MSS. have flowed in from various 
quarters, which are too numerous to be recorded in detail. We must content ourselves 
with drawing the reader's attention to a few of the most rare and interesting, namely the 
following : Kitab al-Maghazi, the campaigns of Muhammad, by al-Wakidi, a complete 
copy dated A.H. 564 (no. 502). Al-Muhabbar, miscellaneous notices relating chiefly to 
Muhammad and his time, a hitherto unknown work of Muhammad B. Habib (no. 508). 
The fourth volume of the biographical dictionary of Ibn Khallikan, in the author's 
handwriting (no. 607). Three important works on the lives of traditionists, namely the 
Ikmal of Ibn Makula, its complement by Ibn Nuktah, and Mizan al-I'tidal by al-Dahabi 
(nos. 621-2, 630-31). Zubdat al-Tawarikh, a history of the Seljuks, written shortly 
after the downfall of the dynasty, unique (no. 550). Four volumes of Kitab al-Aghani, 
A.H. 54449 (nos. 65053). Two rare histories of Yemen, Kanz al-Ahhyar by Sayyid 
Idris and Rauh al-Ruh by Sayyid 'Isa (nos. 469, 590). Sir Henry M. Elliot's copy of 
al-Kanun al-Mas'udi, the great astronomical work of al-Biruni, A.H. 570 (no. 756). Kutb 
al-Surur, an early anthology by Ibn al-Rakik (no. 1109). The Makamat of al-Hariri r 
transcribed by a grandson of the author, A.H. 557 (no. 1006). 

Illuminated Arabic MSS. are so exceedingly rare that the few which present any 



x PREFACE. 

artistic interest deserve to be pointed out. Spirited drawings of plants and animals 
will be found in Dioscoridis Materia Medica (no. 785), and in Ibn Bakhtlshu's Manafi' 
al-Hayawan (no. 778). A MS. of Hariri's Makamat, dated A.H. 654 (no. 1007) has quaint 
miniatures representing the scenes described in the text. 

But the student of Arabic palaeography will find copious materials in the present collec- 
tion. It is particularly rich in early MSS., to many of which, however, only conjectural 
dates can be assigned. The Cufic Goran described under no. 56 is probably the earliest ever 
brought to Europe. Some papyrus scraps from the Fayyum, containing private contracts 
(no. 1207), evidently belong to the third century of the Hijrah, and similar documents on 
vellum or paper from the same locality (no. 1290) range from A.H. 372 to 461. We subjoin 
a chronological list of the dated MSS. from the fourth to the seventh century of the Hijrah. 



A.H. 


Nos. 


A.H. 


Nos. 1 


A.H. 


Nos. 


348 


786 


604 


1134 


665 


925 


365 


838 


610 


793 


666 


1214 n. 


476 


617 


6L4 


308 


670 


1012 


479 


205 


617 


497 


671 


259 


488 


844 


619 


1133 


672 


607 


513 
525 


495 

787 ' 


620 
622 


813 
633 


673 
674 


926 
1041 


527 


792 


623 


157 


675 


854 


534 


794 





344 


683 


982 


550 


843 


625 


211 


685 


1035 


557 


1006 


643 


929 





1243 


558 


340 


644 


100 


686 


927 


559 


658 


647 


1108 


688 


346 


561 


82 


651 


916 





1214 in. 


564 


502 


652 


64 


692 


98 


570 


756 


654 


1007 


693 


629 


586 


1140 


658 


832 


694 


110 


588 


740 





845 


697 


331 


590 


510 





1229 vn. 


700 


115 


599 


855 


659 


1214 





696 


603 


725 


660 


638 





723 


604 


6 


663 


7 







PEBFACB. xi 

The present Supplement has been compiled on the same lines, and printed in the 
same form, as the Persian and Turkish Catalogues published in 1879 1883 and 1888. 
Few readers, if any, will find fault with the substitution of the quarto size for the 
cumbrous folio of the old Catalogue, or with that of English for its no less unwieldy 
Latin. 

My best thanks are due to Mr. Robert K. Douglas, Keeper of the Department 
of Oriental Printed Books and MSS., for his kind assistance in the revision of the 
proof-sheets. 



CHARLES RIEU. 



BRITISH MDSEUM, 
April 5, 1894. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 

PAGE 

Bible 1 

Commentaries 12 

Liturgies and Offices 14 

Theology 16 

Lives of Saints 21 

History 22 

Homilies ..." 25 

Philosophy 29 

Coptic Vocabularies 32 

Poetry 33 

SAMARITAN MSS 34 

MOHAMMEDAN LITERATURE. 

THE GORAN 37 

Various Readings and Orthography 46 

Pronunciation 52 

Commentaries 58 

Al-Nasikh wa'1-Mansukh ... 73 

Glossary 75 

TRADITION (HADITH) 77 

Shi'ah Tradition 88 

Collections of Forty Hadiths . . 90 

Special Collections 94 

Science of Tradition . , . 96 



PAOB 



THEOLOGY .98 

t 

Polemical Works 115 

Appendix to Theology 118 

Sectarian Works : 

Ibadis 121 

Zaidis 124 

Druzes 140 

Nusairis 140 

Wahhabis 142 

Sabis 143 

Asceticism and Sufism .... 147 

Prayers 163 

LAW. 

Usul al-Fikh 168 

Zaidi Works 174 

Statutes (Furu 1 ) : 

Hanafis 178 

Malikis 192 

Shafi'is 194 

Hanbalis 204 

Controversy 205 

Sectarian Law-books : 

Ibadis 208 

Shi'ah ' 210 

Zaidis .... .215 



XIV 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Law of Inheritance 260 

Zaidi Works 262 

HISTORY. 

Ancient and General History .... 266 

History of the Prophets 297 

Life of Muhammad 301 

Early Khalifs and Conquests .... 319 

Ali and his Descendants 323 

Zaidi Imams 327 

Ghaznawis 341 

Saljuks 342 

Ayyubides 344 

History of Egypt 350 

History of Syria 360 

The Holy Cities ........ 362 

Yemen 365 

Arab Tribes 385 

Africa 387 

Appendix to History 394 

BIOGRAPHY 398 

" Companions " and Traditionists . 403 

Shi 'ah Traditionists 422 

Saints 427 

Legists 429 

Physicians 436 

Grammarians and Lexicographers . 437 

Poets 438 

Local Biographies : 

Baghdad 440 

Syria 441 

Egypt 448 



PAGE 

Spain 449 

Yemen 452 

Shiraz 461 

Turkey 462 

Mosul 462 

Memoirs and Travels 464 



COSMOGRAPHY AND GEOGRAPHY 
Topography .... 



466 
476 



SCIENCES. 

Encyclopaedias 480 

Philosophy 491 

Logic 498 

Dialectics 502 

Ethics and Politics 503 

Mathematics 509 

Astronomy 513 

Calendar 526 

Astrology 528 

Natural History 531 

Alchemy 534 

Magic 535 

Medicine 536 

Veterinary Art ....... 550 

Military Arts 554 

Music 558 

Cabalistic "Works 561 

Divination 563 

Interpretation of Dreams 564 

PHILOLOGY. 

Lexicography 565 

Grammar ...... . 594 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



xv 



PAGE 

Rhetoric 620 

Prosody 626 

Proverbs and Maxims 629 

ORNATE PROSE AND LETTERS .... 635 
POETRY 644 

Anthologies 696 

MISCELLANIES, ANECDOTES, &c. . . . 708 
FABLES AND TALES . 730 



PAGE 

MSS. OP MIXED CONTENTS .'.... 749 
LATEST ACCESSIONS ....... 816 

INDEX OF TITLES ........ 831 

INDEX OF PERSONS' NAMES ..... 861 

CLASSED INDEX OF WORKS ..... 899 

NUMERICAL INDEX ........ 915 

APPENDIX ........... 929 

ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS . 935 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



BIBLE. 



1. 

Or. 1326. Foil. 326 ; 13 in. by 9; 29 lines, 
6j in. long ; written in neat Neshki ; dated 
Cairo, from Monday, 12 Baramhat, A. Mar- 
tyrum 1301 (f. 3266), to Saturday, 13 Tot, 
A. Martyrum 1303 (f. 2626) (A.D. 158587). 
[SiE CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The second volume, or latter half, of a large 
copy of the Bible, including the Apocrypha. 
It contains the following Books : 

I. Fol. 2. Ezekiel, with the heading : 



Beg. J > 



k-> 



b'l 



The Book is divided into 28 chapters, the 
last of which extends from chapter xlvii. 
v. 13, to the end. 

II. Fol. 24a. Daniel, with, a preface of 
two pages : 



The Book of Daniel begins, f. 25a, 



with the history of Susanna, as follows : 



Chapter I. of Daniel begins, f. 256, as 
follows : 



It is divided into Visions \>jj , the twelfth 
and last of which is the story of Bel and the 
Dragon. 

III. Fol. 34&. Ecclesiasticus, or the Book 
of Jesus, son. of Sirach, . > ^. o 



Beg. 



IV. Fol. 506. The first Book of Esdras, 



Beg. C*x> j 



V. Fol. 58a. Ezra (the canonical book, 
called here the second of Ezra), ,jUN ^i 



Beg. C 



CHRISTIAN LITEEATUEE. 



VI. Pol. 636. Esther, 



Beg. y 



& Ji~,\ 



V?.\ d 



VII. Pol. 676. Judith, 
Beg. i 



VIII. Pol. 746. Tobit, U>> _fc 

**) 
Beg. jjy j 



IX. Fol. 796. The first Book of the 
Maccabees (corresponding with our second 
Book of the Maccabees), ^yulEJi yL* t_jU 



jJ\ Jl 



The following section, f. 85a, beginning 
with II. Maccabees, chapter viii., has a sepa- 
rate heading : 



The next, f ol. 88a, has this rubric, 

u-j^ 1 (II- 'Maccabees, chap. xi. 27). 
X. Pol. 926. The second Book of the 
Maccabees, 

Beg. ^ 



Jl ^j^'tsbj,. 
This book, which is only found in Arabic, 
has been printed in Walton's Polyglot, Vol. 
iv., part ii., p. 112. At the end is written, 
Jw yttNji-N ^iM UalA Jl 

. JSS 



The next section, beginning, f. 99a, with 
Ji' j>'& corresponds with chapters 
xvii. lix. of the same edition. 

XI. Fol. 1166. History of the Jews by 
Yusuf B. Gorion, with this rubric : J^l 

J! 



-^Ua-^ 



j-^J^ *>\* J 1 

Beg. ^Ixw Jj^^ji^^y^j^CjoulC-o^^jU^T 
The work is divided into eight Juz', 

beginning respectively as follows : I. f. 1166 ; 

II. f. 125a; III. f." 134a; IV. f. 1426; 

V. f. 1516; VI. f. 154a; VII. f. 161a; 

VIII. f. 168a. The text agrees with the 

edition printed at Beirut, 1872, with the 

title, ( 



XII. Fol. 173a. The Book of Job, 



J! 



*'j ' "' 

It is divided into fifteen chapters _ 

Compare P. de Lagarde, Psalterium, Job, 
Proverbia, Arabice, Gottingen, 1876, p. 246. 

XIII. Pol. 184a. The Wisdom of Solomon, 
translated by Al-Harith B. Sinan (v. Asse- 
mani, Biblioth. Medic. Laurent., no. 18), 



Beg. J^Jb )jii: 



*? 



BIBLE. 



3 



XIV. Fol. 19(k. The Proverbs of Solo- 



mon 



y\ 



,,. 



On the opposite page is an introduction 
treating of the poetical form and the scope 
of the Proverbs, with this heading : jj 

aJUU>\j 4>j\i> ^ 

Beg. ^)j\ L_-^J HUlMx, Ob! 



The Book of Proverbs is divided into 
thirteen chapters _U^' 

XV. Fol. 200a. Ecclesiastes, *V ^U/ 



Beg. ^ U 



J15 



XVI. Fol. 204a. The Song of Solomon, 



Beg. lir - 9 -l 



ju ^ JLJI 



XVII. Fol. 206i. Introduction to the 
four Gospels and to the Canons, j 



Beg. 



XVIII. Fol. 209i. The ten Canons of 
Eusebius. 

XIX. Fol. 212i. Matthew, with an intro- 
duction occupying two pages and beginning: 

Ob^JU Jj-.iSJ! /^**, L J.^!s)l Jjl. aJJ jj^ 1 



The Gospel is divided into 80 chapters 
XX. Fol. 226a. Mark, J^l ^^ tj^ 
.-^^ with an introduction occupying 
two pages, and beginning : U^-y. ^ sv-\ J6 



It has 52 chapters. 

XXI. Fol. 235a. Luke, with an introduc- 
tion of three pages, beginning, l>ju,V> 15^) ^^ 

^3^ (JJJJuJ\ iJlAa. ^ IJA.MJ 'JJ^> jl 

The Gospel begins as follows : 



\* *^^ i' J 



Luke is divided into 84 chapters. 
XXII. Fol. 251a. John, with an intro- 
duction of a page and a half, beginning, y>j 



The Gospel is divided into 45 chapters. 

At the end of the Gospels, f. 2626, is a 
colophon stating that this copy had been 
made upon a transcript of a MS. prepared by 
the learned Shaikh al-As'ad Abu'l-Faraj 
Ibn al-'Assal, and revised by him upon the 
Coptic, Syriac, and Greek texts (see No. 7). 

XXIII. Fol. 263a. The Apocalypse, 



B 2 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



XXIV. Fol. 2706. The fourteen Epistles 

of S. Paul, <]yj>\ (j-Jy Jj.l-; jiW 



XXV. Fol. 304a. The seven Catholic 
Epistles, J 



XXVI. Fol. 3115. The Acts of the 
Apostles, j 



The last three sections were transcribed, 
as stated at the end, from a MS. dated 
A.M. 1045 (A.D. 1329), and corrected by the 
same Shaikh al-As'ad Ibn al-'Assal. 

The MS. was written, as appears from 
several colophons, by the priest Fadl-allah, 
in his ho.use in Harat al-Zuwailah, Cairo, at 
the expense of Shaikh al-'Alam Salib al- 
Anbasi. 

On foil. 50 and 310 are deeds of gift to 
the Patriarchal seat, dated respectively 
A. Martyrum 1486 and 1487 (A.D. 1770-71). 

2. 

Or. 1314. Foil. 252; 12 in. by 9J; written, 
in a fine large character, in two columns of 
about 23 lines, with illuminated borders at 
the beginning of the several books, and 
numerous marginal ornaments representing 
flowers and birds ; dated A. Martyrum 
1089-90 (A.D. 1373-74). 

[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The Minor Prophets and Daniel, in Coptic 
and Arabic, with this title : d\ w ^>o <_j .yxJ 



The above title, and the first seven leaves 
of Hosea, have been supplied by a later hand 
in imitation of the original writing. 

The contents are as follows : 
I. Hosea, f. 3, beginning : 



Colophon : ^\ 



II. Amos, f. 29i, beg. <j w 



- (j (JV-* u^^ ^ 



U 



(jjjkx-j tsarjhj *j5}!l JoS 
III. Micah, fol. 51, ^ cJlS 



Jy 



IV. Joel, f. 67, Jl 

V. Obadiah, f. 775, 

VI. Jonah, f. 81, ^ 

VII. Nahum, f. 88, 

VIII. Habakkuk, f. 



IX. Zephaniah, f. 1025, 

X. Haggai, f. 1116, ^ 

XI. Zcchariah, f. 118, 



XII. Malachi, f. 152, 

The above first half of the volume was 
finished on Monday the 15th of Meshuri, 
A. Martyrum 1089. The Coptic was tran- 
scribed from an old copy in the Convent of 
S. Anthony, in the Desert of al-'Arabah. 
The Arabic, which is said not to agree with 
the Coptic, was taken from a MS! in the 
handwriting of Ibn al-Musawwak (?), no 
copy of the Arabic paraphrase having been 
found ; ^\^> y, 



BIBLE. 



At the back of the page is a "VVakf , or deed 
of gift, to the Convent of S. Anthony by 
Athanasius, dated A. Marty rum. 1089. 

The latter half of the volume contains the 
Book of Daniel, ^jol) cjV^ '*j^ beginning, 
f. 164, as follows : fj51y.tiJi.jy,. BJ'JM &J1 j 



J\ l^ 

<W\3^>\ JU LI 

The text of the Canonical Book of Daniel 
ends f. 2346. It is followed, as in the 
Vulgate, by the story of Bel and the Dragon, 
beginning on the same page as follows : 



Jifr 



Then comes Daniel's vision of the four 
winged animals, with prophecies of future 
events to the end of the world, f. 24(k. It 
begins as follows : &J1 
t \<i. jl^j C? JJ\ 



J >1 !\ J\ Uy. ^i 



The colophon is dated Saturday, the 9th of 
Hator, A. Martyrum 1090, and the following 
is added : \i^ff^)\ Jjb 



.Jjt^ L* liJJ 



In the margin is the following colophon re- 
lating to the Arabic text, which was tran- 
scribed from a rough copy written by Patriarch 
Anba Yfmus,and was completed on Thursday, 
the 10th of Tobeh, A. Martyrum 1090. It is 
further stated that the Arabic was translated 
from the Greek and revised upon the Coptic. 

syi! j,jJ\ >J 



Li) 



v-. JJ 



On the last page is a deed of gift by 
Athanasius, Bishop of Abu Tih, to the 
Convent of S. Anthony, in al-'Arabah, dated 
A. Martyrum 1510 (A.D. 1794). 



3. 



Or. 1319. Foil. 220 ; 17 in. by 1H ; 28 lines, 
written in two columns, with illuminated 
headings and marginal ornaments ; dated 
the 21st day of Emshlr, A. Martyrum 1522 
(A.D. 1806). [Sm CHARLES A. MCBKAV.J 

Isaiah, Jeremiah, and Baruch, in Coptic 
and Arabic. 

Isaiah begins, fol. 2, as follows: f\>. ; j.\ 

U -' 



Jeremiah begins, f. 98, as follows 

L.^ Jl cyjL* J^ 4> ^ 



6 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



The Lamentations begin, f. 194&, with this 
introduction : Jxj^*^ ( _ 5 -* ^ ^ y* u^j 



?- i_ sjp J^j A^J^ 



Baruch begins, f. 204, as follows: J 

U 



This is followed, f. 21 2a, by the Epistle of 
Jeremiah, beginning : l^L-^l JA\ 



j\j Jl 



.^5 x-ii- 

At the beginning of Isaiah and Jeremiah 
are whole-page miniatures representing those 
Prophets. 

The last two pages contain a long colophon 
in praise of Athanasius, Bishop of Abu Tih 
*5j)\ ^s.^ (jwjjj-Ai^ at whose expense the 

book was written. The Coptic was written 
by Deacon Yuhanna B. Sulaiman, school- 
master in Cairo, and the Arabic by Yuhanna 
B. Mlkha'Il. 

Lower down is a deed of gift by the same 
Athanasius to the Convent of S. Anthony, in 
al-'Arabah. 

Colophon : 



Tables of lessons from Isaiah and Jeremiah, 
appointed for Lent and Feast days, occupy 
three pages at the end. 



Or. 3706. Foil. 118; 5 in. by 3; 11 lines 
2|- in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, apparently 
in the 15th century. [BUDGE.] 

The Book of Psalms, imperfect at the 
beginning. It begins abruptly in the middle 
of the first verse of Psalm viii. The first 
leaves are torn and faded. The 12th Psalm 
begins, f. 45, as follows : ^ < 

Jik>j J 
jj * 



The Psalms end abruptly, f. 110, with a 
Psalm designated as the 147th LuU\j ib.UN 
^^Ojlilj corresponding with vv. 12 20 of 
our Psalm cxlvii. 

Foil. 11 18, which are much faded and 
torn, contain the Canticles of Moses, Isaiah, 
the Virgin Mary, etc. 

5. 

Or. 2291. Foil. 150; 10 in. by 7; 21 lines, 

about 5 in. long ; written, in two columns, in 

clear Neskhi, apparently in the 12th century. 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

The four Gospels in Syriac and Arabic, 
written in parallel columns, with rubrics 
showing on what days each section is to be 
read. The Syriac text is the Herhlensian 
version, and the Arabic a literal translation 
of the same. 

The MS. is imperfect at beginning and 
end, and has, moreover, many lacunae in the 
body of the volume. It begins abruptly with 
Matthew xii. v. 3, as follows : tyt> 

J\ t-^jM S^Uj^i-j <JJ\ tlAAJ J-iO 

After v. 8 is found this rubric, 

W 



BIBLE. 



Mark begins, f. 23a, with this heading: 



IjJJuJ jj\ JOS- 



Luke begins with a similar rubric, f. 616. 
The first verse is : ^ 

J4) JM 



UJ! 
J \*a>\ b 



U. i 



The first lines of John are lost. It be- 
gins, f. 119a, with chap. i. 15, and ends with 
chap. xii. 22. 

6. 

Or. 1315. Foil. 447 ; 13$ by 10 ; written, 
in two columns of 22 or 24 lines in a fine 
large character, with illuminated borders 
and initials ; dated Saturday, 14 Emshlr, 
A. Martyrum 924 (A D. 1208). 

[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The four Gospels in Coptic and Arabic. 
Contents : 1. The Canons, with the pre- 
face of Eusebius, f. 3, beginning : 



2. The Gospel of Matthew, f. 17, J 
Beg. +&j>\ ^A ^j\> ^\ .J\,\ c.<> ^tiU* i_-lj/ 

3. The Gospel of Mark, f. 141, to which 
is prefixed an introduction, with a list of 
chapters, foil. 138 40. 

Beg. y. 



4. The Gospel of Luko, f. 219, with an 
introduction, foil. 215 18. The first verso 

is : JN jy .y\ (jouoS t_-jiy 

Oiy UJl .J^fr I/ y^ 



5. The Gospel of John, f. 352, with a short 
preface, f. 351. 

Beg. 411V, oiM jjft J6 i&\j i&] J6 ^jJI J 
J 8juo 5 u ^ <o Ji' <i)J\ jofr 



Colophon : CJJ Jj 

Ufl-lli 



7. 

Or. 3382. Foil. 417 ; 9$ by 6$ ; 12 lines 3f 
in. long ; written in large and clear, fully 
vocalized, Neskhi ; dated the 10th of Tobe, 
A. Martyrum 981 (A.D. 126465). 

The four Gospels, with the editor's preface, 
and a table of lessons for the Coptic year. 

This valuable copy contains a revised text 
of the Arabic version, with various read- 
ings in the margin. The editor, Abu'l- 
Faraj Hibat-allah B. Abi'1-Fadl As'ad B. Abi 
Ishak Ibrahim B. al-'Assal, <lll ht> _^l j>\ 



requested to prepare it A.H. 650, corre- 
sponding with A. Martyrum 969. He based 
it upon a careful comparison of the extant 
version with the Coptic text, and with the 
Arabic translations of the Greek text and of 
the Syriac version. He used to that effect 
an Arabic translation of the Greek text by 



8 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



Theophilus al-Mu'allim al-Dimashki, Bishop 
of Misr, j&* UiL^ Jg.S**d\ A>\\ J^Jy ^ t_r^.j^ 
in two copies, dated respectively A.H. 438 
and 591, and two Arabic versions from the 
Syriac, namely one by Bishr B. al-Sari 
(whose Luke was dated A.H. 433), and 
another by Abu'l-Faraj B. al-Tayyib. For 
the Coptic he used the text written A. Mar- 
tyrum 921 (A.D. 1204-5) by Stephen B. 
Ibrahim ^Afc^l ^ ^lala/o), a pupil of the monk 
Abu '1-Faraj al-Damanhiiri. 

The editor explains at length in his preface 
the method he has adopted in establishing 
his text, and referring to other versions. 

Ibn al-'Assal belonged to a distinguished 
Coptic family. He and his two brothers, 
Abu Ishak and al-Safi Abu '1-Fada'il Majid, 
are known as ecclesiastical writers of emi- 
nence. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 758^. 

Hlbat-allah wrote also a collection of 
canons and an introduction to the Epistles 
of S. Paul. See Uri, no. 74, and the Leyden 
Catalogiie, vol. v. p. 84. 

The first verse of Luke is as follows : 



I/ UJ cJL& J&\ 



J 



Contents: Matthew, f. 3a, 



Introduction to Mark, with a list of 
chapters, f. 986 ; Mark, f. 1046. Introduc- 
tion to Luke, f. 1686; Luke, f. 1776. Intro- 
duction to John, f. 2906; John, f. 2966. 

The editor's Preface, f. 382^. Colophon 
of the copyist Gabriel Jb^, f. 3956, with 
the following date : w * j2A^\ ^J 



.. 



A Table of lessons for the Coptic year, 
f. 3966, w? g U J^Jj 



with this heading, 



i 



An introduction to Matthew has been sup- 
plied by a modern hand at the beginning. 

On the fly-leaf is the following note by the 
Eev. John Dury Geden : " I obtained this 
MS. at Cairo in March 1864, from the Rev. 
R. J. Lieder. It came from the Convent of 
St. Anthony, in the Eastern Desert of Egypt, 
and is supposed to be about 500 years old." 



8. 



Or. 1327. Foil. 242; 9^ in. by 6f ; 13 lines 
4J in. long; written in fine large vocalized 
Neskhi, with richly illuminated 'Unwans; 
dated A. Martyrum 1050 (A.D. 1334). 

[SiK CHARLES A. MUEEAT.] 

The four Gospels, viz. Matthew, f. 2, 
Mark, f. 70, Luke, f. 112, John, f. 186. 

Luke begins as follows : ^j^ Ulil ^ 



UJ1 



J* 



The MS. was evidently written in Egypt ; 
the sections are marked in the margin by 
the hand of the scribe, with Coptic numerals. 

The first two pages are occupied by a 
geometrical design in blue and gold, with 
this inscription : 



BIBLE. 



9 



The next two pages, containing the be- 
ginning of Matthew, have illuminated borders 
at top and bottom, with this inscription : 



(Matthew xxviii. 18-19). 

Similarly ornamented pages are found at 
the beginning of the other three Gospels. 
At the end of Luke is the following colophon : 



The last two pages of the MS. are also 
richly ornamented with a geometrical design 
in gold, and contain this partly mutilated 
inscription : lil*!\ .... &>j\ LJUM &> 

<u. ' & 



At the end of Luke, f. 1846, is a long note 
of later date. The writer, Khuri 'Abd al- 
'Aziz B. Yuhanna B. al-Saminah, records 
that he read this Gospel in the year of Adam 
7088, corresponding with A.H. 988 (A.D. 
1580), being then in the house of Nasr Allah 
B. Shaikh Yunus, whose daughter, wife of 
the writer's son, had died in the same 
year. 

9. 

Or. 1316. Foil. 250 ; llf in. by 8 ; written 
in two columns of about 35 lines ; with 
ornamental borders and numerous miniatures 
in imitation of European models ; dated the 
23rd of Ebib, A. Martyrum 1379 (A.D. 1663). 
Bound in stamped and gilt leather covers. 
[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The four Gospels in Coptic and Arabic. 



Contents : Matthew, f . 3, 



Mark, f. 68, 



',llj 



Luke, f. 112, 
John, f. 183, beg. 



Table of lessons for Easter week, f . 232-3. 

Concordance of the four Gospels ^ ^,^f 
I*ail J(l) tyy foil. 2336235. This 
was copied A. Martyrum 1401, i.e. twenty- 
two years after the date of the preceding 
Gospels, from a MS. which was then 281 
years old. 

The Canons, ff. 236240. 

Tables of lessons of the Coptic Church for 
the entire year, ff. 241249. 

At the end of the Gospels, f. 230, is a 
long colophon, in which the copyist, Abu '1- 
Muna B. Naslm al-Nakkash .-^j ^ U^ ^ 
Ui\ j>\ ^ li=^. fj*-Jtt ^ (^^\ says that the 
MS. was transcribed from a valuable old copy, 
and that he had added the drawings from 
European and Indian copies 

The date is as follows : 



1379* 

&*? 



l.vr 



At the back of the same folio is a deed of 
gift by al-Mu'allim Lutf-allah Abu Yusuf, 
the purchaser of the MS., to the Church of 
our Lady aud St. George, in the lower street 
of the Greeks, 



It is dated A. Martyrum 1449 (A.D. 1733). 

The deed of gift is repeated at the be- 
ginning of each of the four Gospels. 

At the beginning of the MS. are two richly 
illuminated pages, with this inscription : 

Uii U 



* In Coptic figures in the MS. 




10 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



10. 

Or. 1317. Foil. 410 ; 7| in. by 4| ; written in 
two columns of about 25 lines, with gold-ruled 
margins, 'Unwans, gilt heading, and numerous 
miniatures ; dated 13 Tot, A. Martyrum 1531 
(A.D. 1815). Bound in covers embroidered 
with silver thread. 

[Sm CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The four Gospels in Coptic and Arabic. 
Contents: I. The Canons, with a short 
preface, f. 2, beginning : ^^ t_^)l *-j 



2. Matthew, f. 11, J 

3. Mark, f. 130, ^J, 
introduction, ff. 12628. 

4. Luke, f . 202, \y ^ 
preface, ff. 200-201. 

5. John, f. 323, U-y.. 
ff. 320-21. 

Colophon: 1531* 



1 with an 
b^M, with a short 
, with a preface, 
>f> oy ir ^ j^ 



On the last page is a deed of gift by Petrus 
Archiereus to the Patriarch's seat S^UM iVJiN, 
dated in the year of the Martyrs 1532 
(A.D. 1816). 

11. 

Or. 3383. Foil. 210 ; 9 in. by 6J ; 17 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in a large and bold 
Neskhi, probably in the 13th century. 

The Epistles and Acts : ,JlJ ^111 ^yo ,_? jo-i 







jj- 1 ^ 



The lacunae of the original MS. have been 
filled up by a modern scribe, who imitated, 

* In Coptic numerals in the. MS. 



as well as he could, the old writing in the 
following leaves, foil. 26, 1419, 2749, 
61-2, 125128, and 141148. He finished 
his work on Monday, the 18th of Babeh, 
A. Martyrum 1521 (A.D. 1805). 

Contents : Romans, f . 2a ; I. Corinthians, 
f. 24ft ; II. Corinthians, f . 466 ; Galatians, 
f. 61a; Ephesians, f. 686; Philippians, f . 756 ; 
Colossians, f. 81<z ; I. Thessalonians, f. 856 ; 
II. Thessalonians, f. 856 ; I. Timothy, f. 926 ; 
II. Timothy, f. 986; Titus, f. lOOa; Philemon, 
f. 1056 ; Hebrews, f. 1066 ; Catholic Epistles, 
f. 1236 ; Acts, f. 1496. 

The Acts begin as follows : 



)\ &jj 



The Acts are divided into 177 sections, 
which are marked in Coptic numerals in the 
margin. 

On the fly-leaf: "I obtained this MS. of 
the Acts, Epistles, etc., at Cairo, in March 
1864, from the Rev. R. J. Lieder, etc. 

JOHN DURY GEDEN." 

12. 

Or. 1318. Foil. 294; 10J in. by 7; written 
in two columns of 21 lines, with ornamental 
headings ; dated (f. 261) Tuesday, 29 Kiakh, 
A. Martyrum 1132 (A.D. 1416). 

[Sm CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The Epistles ' of S. Paul in Coptic and 
Arabic. 

The MS. wants, according to the Coptic 
folioing, twenty leaves at the beginning, 
and a few of the first extant folios are more 
or less torn. It begins with Romans, 
chapter v. 10. 

The first Epistle to the Corinthians begins 
f. 246, as follows : 



BIBLE. 



11 



The remaining Epistles begin as follows : 
II. Corinthians, f. 1005 ; Galatians, f. 1396 ; 
Ephesians, f. 1586 ; Philippians, f. 179a ; 
Colossians, f. 193a; I. Thessalonians, f. 2066; 
II. Thessalonians,f.219a; I. Timothy, f.226a; 
II. Timothy, f. 2416 ; Titus, f. 2526 ; Phile- 
mon, f. 259a ; Hebrews, f . 262a. 

This last .Epistle is slightly imperfect at the 
end ; it wants verses 22 25 of chapter xiii. 

The following colophon is at tlie end of 
Philemon: til^j/^^lPj **J t$3\ ^ ***>} 

1182* fc 



13. 

Or. 1328. Foil. 218 ; 10 in. by 7 ; 15 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in a fair large Neskhi, 
apparently in the 14th century. 

[Sin CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The Epistles and Acts in Arabic. 

The original MS. begins abruptly with 
Romans, chapter i., v. 9 : but the missing 
portion has been supplied by a later hand. 

The first Epistle to the Corinthians begins, 
f . 26a, as follows : J\ 



J 1 ^ 



In Coptic numerals in the MS. 






cj-J. 



The remaining Epistles begin as follows : 
II. Corinthians, f. 506 ; Galatians, f . 666 ; 
Ephesians, f. 746 ; Philippians, f. 826 ; 
Colossians, f. 876 ; I. Thessalonians, f. 936 ; 
II., f. 986 ; I. Timothy, f. lOla ; II., f. 1076 ; 
Titus, f. 1 12a ; Philemon, f. 115a; Hebrews, 
f. 1166. 

The Catholic Epistles begin, f. 1346, as 

follows: 



The Acts begin, f. 1606, as follows : 



The book is divided into 48 chapters, the 
last of which wants a few lines at the end 
(chap, xxviii. 31). The short sections are 
marked throughout the volume with Coptic 
figures in the margins. 

The following date is found at the end 
of the Catholic Epistles : 



It is apparently transcribed from an 
earlier MS. 



c 2 



COMMENTARIES. 



14. 

Or. 1330. Foil. 267 ; 10 in. by 6$; 17 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in a fine large Neskhi ; 
dated Wednesday, the 1st of Mesuri, A. Mar- 
tyrum 1102 (A.D. 1386). 

[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

A Commentary on Genesis, including the 
entire text in Arabic, without author's name. 



Beg. 



A-~ 3\ 



jli. 



u\ 



The text is divided into 57 sections, called 
*?\j>, which have mostly headings, showing 
on what day each is to be read. 

The second, f. 16, which consists of 
v. 6 13 of chapter i., is headed, Lo'oJ) 5 



The 57th and last, f. 263&, which extends 
from chapter xlix. 33, to the end of Genesis, 
is wrongly headed as the 56th *->U\ 



The Commentary is distinguished from the 
text by the word jx-ad^ written in red ink, 
while the text itself is introduced by the 
word \*f>w\. It deals largely in types and 
forecasts of the history of Christ, and fre- 
quently assumes the tone of a homily. 

The author is Ephraim Syrus, whose 
Commentary upon the Pentateuch is pre- 



served in the Bodleian Library. See Uri, 
Syriac MSS., nos. 28, 30, and Nicoll, 
nos. 4 and 7. 

The last leaf of the MS. contains an extract 
from the life of S. Clement, L_J})\ i,j-J ^ 



Copyist: t- 



15. 

Or. 3201. Foil. 372 ; llf in. by 8; 25 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in a large, but rather in- 
distinct, Neskhi ; dated Syut, "Wednesday, 
the 2nd of Mesuri, A. Martyrum 1521 
(A.D. 1805). [KREMER, no. 212.] 

Commentary on the four Gospels, by 
Abu'l-Faraj 'Abdallah B. al-Tayyib B. 'Ali 
B. Abi 'Isa al-Shammas al-'Abbadi, with the 
following rubric : cj~> Ua^j ^JJJuJ Liyb ,_J(XJ3 

A~* \\ 



s^ li* 



The Commentator's preface begins : U3 



The general import of that preface has been 
stated in the Leyden Catalogue, no. 2375, 
where a copy of the author's Commentary 
upon Matthew is described. MSS. contain- 
ing the Commentary upon the other three 
Gospels are noticed in the Paris Catalogue, 
nos. 85-6. 



COMMENTARIES. 



13 



The author's name is written at the end 
as follows : J* ^ ^^ v> *^ <*** ^j^ j>\ 
^buJI (.j-U^ l _^s- ^j>\ (J >. He died A D. 
1043, A.H. 435. See, for his life and works, 
Assemani, Bibliotheca Orient., torn, iii., 
part i., p. 547 ; Wiistenfeld, Arabische Aer- 
tzte, no. 132; and Steinschneider, Polemische 
Literatur, p. 52. 

Contents : The Preface of the Commen- 
tator, f. la. Euseb's Canons, f. 126, with a 

short preamble, ^ 



Commentary upon Matthew, f. 1 9a ; upon 
Mark, f. I88b ; upon Luke, f. 2155; and 
upon John, f. 297a. Each Gospel is preceded 
by a short preamble and a tabulated index 
of contents. 

Copyist : JUW\ ^ tdiU5\ MS. W _ala5 

\3^-M\ iU*>j .S? 

16. 

Or. 1329. Foil. 64 ; llf in. by 8 ; 16 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in large and fair Neskhi, 
with red-ruled margins, and twelve coloured 
drawings ; dated Thursday, 20 Baramhatj 
A. Martyrum 1387 (A.D. 1671). 

[Sin CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The Revelation of S. John, with an 
anonymous Commentary. 



After the first eleven verses of the text, 
the Commentary begins as follows : J~A>\ JS 



And again, after v. 16, 



g- 



J\S 



j jai 



i 



The colophon is : 

J ( 



1387* 



On the first page is a deed of gift to the 
Church of Anba Barsoma the naked, in tlic 
Convent of Shahran llwl ^a^\ \j^.^ ***-? 
^^i, j>& (^.j^ Vr^ -*bJ\ dated 28 Emshlr, 

A. Martyrum 1452 (A.D. 1736). 



17. 

Or. 3707. Foil. 88 ; 8 in. by 5f ; 17 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in Neskhi, A.D. 1824. 

[BUDGE. J 

A Commentary upon the Apocalypse, 
translated from the Latin of the Jesuit 
Johannes Stephanus Minucius, by Butrw* 

B. Yuhanna al-Suryani al-Halabi, a pupil of 
the Propaganda. 

Beg. 



To the Commentary is prefixed a short state- 
ment of the contents, beginning : j 



The text is included in the Commentary, 
and written in red. At the end is a transla- 
tion of the Creed of S. Athanasius ^ 



* In Coptic numerals in the MS. 



LITURGIES AND OFFICES. 



18. 

Or. 1239. Foil. 159 ; Siin.bySf ; 17 lines, 
4 in. long, in two columns, apparently in the 
12th century. [SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The Liturgies of S. Basil, S. Gregory, 
and S. Cyril, in Coptic and Arabic. 

The Coptic is written in a fine large uncial 
character, and the Arabic in a good archaic 
hand. There are ornaments of interlaced 
pattern in black at the beginning of each 
part. But the first portion of the MS. is 
much damaged, and part of the writing is 
gone. 

The Liturgy of S. Basil ends f. 626: 



The Liturgy of S. Gregory begins, f. 65a, 

as follows : IwU A\ (_^)1 j4^ y^ ^ &/jl 

~jJ\ j> J*lc- jh and has an ornamental 

heading, f. 67, with these words : JuJ\ 



It ends, f . 1 10a, 



lifc^ 



The Liturgy of S. Cyril begins, f. 

H A Jlft3 



For an account of these liturgies, and their 
editions, see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 356, 
note a. Copies are mentioned by Uri, Codd. 
Coptici, nos. 38 42. 

19. 

Or. 1324. Foil. 69 ; 7 in. by 5; about 13 
lines, in two columns ; written in fair large 
character, probably in the 14th century. 

[SiR CHARLES. A. MURRAY.] 



The Order of the Eucharist, in Coptic and 
Arabic, imperfect at beginning and end, and 
having many internal lacunae. 

It begins abruptly, as follows : 



See Tuki, Missale Romanum, p. 4. 
It ends with a prayer entitled : t 

(j JJ\ 



and beginning : 



J\ 



20. 



Or. 1322. Foil. 76 ; 7f in. by 5J ; 17 lines, 
written, in two columns, in fair large cha- 
racter; dated Thursday, 4 Ba'uneh, A. Mar- 
tyrum!059 (A.D. 1343). 

[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The Oi'der of Consecration of monks and 
nuns, in Coptic and Arabic. 

Beg. 



At the end of the first part, f. 36-7, is an 
exhortation, in Arabic only, to be recited to 
the monk 



The second part begins, f. 38a, as follows: 



In the colophon, f. 56, the MS. is stated to 
have been written for al-Kiss Anba Mlkha'il, 
previously called Rashld al-Manakhili. 

Foil. 566 75 contain a Psalm and other 
texts in Coptic only. 

21. 

Or. 4099. Foil. 282 ; 11$ in. by 7f ; 21 lines, 
5f in. long ; written in fine large Neskhi ; 
dated A.H. 1008 (A.D. 1599-1600). 

[BUDGE.] 



LITURGIES AND OFFICES. 



18 



Lessons from the Gospels for the whole 
year. 

Contents : f. \b, Anonymous preface treat- 
ing of the four Evangelists, their divine in- 
spiration, and the agreement of the four 
Gospels, beginning : 'jj a*^o U> 



Fol. 36 contains a coloured drawing re- 
presenting S. John the Evangelist, with his 
name in Greek. 

Fol. 46. Lessons from the Gospel of John 
to be read from Easter to Pentecost, be- 
ginning with this general heading : 
jj\ 



Jj! 






Fol. 38a. Lessons from Matthew and Mark, 
for Saturdays and Sundays after Pentecost 
to the 16th Sunday. 

Beg. 

JJ J u 



o 



8,Uo 



Fol. 86a. Lessons from Luke, to be read 
from Monday after the Feast of the Cross to 



the sixteenth week after it : 



'i\\j 



Fol. 1346. Lessons from Luke, Mark and 
Matthew, to be read from the seventeenth 
week after the Feast of the Cross to Lent. 

Beg. 



Fol. 150a. Lessons from the Gospels for 
Lent, J 



Fol. 1726. Lessons for the Passion week 
and the day of the Resurrection. 

Beg.' r ^\ > 'ij^\ i4l C U ^J ^^ Jjk.li^ 

Fol. 2156. Lessons for feast-days through- 
out the year, from the month of Eiliil to the 
month of Ab, Ja.~M iUc-^JJ JLJ\ \a U 



Fol. 2676. Lessons for the feasts of saints, 
angels, apostles, martyrs, etc., throughout 
the year : J j^k^ J* ^Ufr^)\ ^ J\S5 



_ 

To the lessons are frequently added re- 
flections and comments, introduced by the 
words j~L^\ J\S, or, in some places, yLA\ JS 



The copyist, Taljah al-Nasikh, calls him- 
self a native of Hamiit U- AJO.^ ^ v-U!\ &ar 

On the last page of the MS. are three 
obituary notices, one of which relates to the 
same Taljah, here called x^^jL^iN i_a^|y. Jii 
^pi ^ };r ^^ ^ & ^.li-b, who is said to 
have died on the 27th of Tamuz, of the year 
of Adam 7155. 



THEOLOGY. 



22. 

Or. 4245. Foil. 319 ; 9 in. by 6J ; from 17 
to 20 lines, 4 in. long ; written in cursive 
Neskhi ; dated 1 Tishrin, A.D. 1848. 

[BUDGE.] 

I. Foil. 163. The Dialectica of John 
Damascen, to which is prefixed his epistle to 
Cosmas, Bishop of Mayuma, with the follow- 

title : 



ng 



Beg. 



,iji~J\ 



U 



The Greek text, with a Latin version, will 
be found in the 94th volume of Migne's 
Patrologia, coll. 521675. 

The Arabic version is somewhat shorter 
than the original, and consists of only 53 
chapters. The first 15 agree with chapters 
114 of the Bale edition (v. Migne, col. 527), 
chapters 45 48 correspond with chapters 
6063 of Migne's text, chapter 49 with 
Migne's chapters 64 and 65, chapter 50 with 
Migne's chapters 67 and 68, and chapter 51 
with Migne's 66. The last two chapters, 
namely 52 and 53, treat generally of genus 
and species, and do not seem to correspond 
exactly with any of the original chapters. 

For other copies see Pertsch, no. 1207, 
art. 2 ; Eosen, Notices Sommaires, no. 6, 
art. 1 ; and Mai, Scriptorum veterum nova 
collectio, torn, iv., nos. 79, 187 189. 



II. Foil. 64-202. The Book of a hundred 
Discourses, a translation of ' Orthodoxae 
Fidei accurata Expositio,' by John Damascen, 
with this title : 



Beg. blaftN 



M I 



315* iJ>\ 



Jl ^Ju 

The original text will be found in the 
same volume of Migne's Patrologia, coll. 
7891228. The headings of the hundred 
chapters of the Arabic version have been 
given by Assemani, Mai's Collectio Nova, 
torn, iv., no. 79, art. 3, no. 177, art. 2, and 
by Nicoll, Bodleian Catalogue, no 24. For 
other copies see Uri, no. 36 ; the Paris Cata- 
logue, nos. 164-65 ; Eosen, Notices Som- 
maires, no. 5. A full table of the chapters 
occupies six pages. 

III. Foil. 203266. Five discourses of 
John Damascen on the Creed, and against 

Heretics : 



The 



first is inscribed : .Ja*J! IJULJ^) ,Jj\ 



and begins : 



The Greek text is lost. A Latin transla- 
tion from an Arabic MS. of the Paris 
Oratory is given in Migne's Patrologia, vol. 
95, coll. 417438. 



THEOLOGY. 



17 



The second, f. 216, is against the Nestorians, 
and begins : (_$ J^jj ^ ViLu-* 



^ 

JyjJ\ vsJif- ^ U) Vy erV b 

See, for the original, Migne, ib., vol. 95, 
coll. 187 221. 

The third, f. 2356, is against the Jacobites, 
UjA>yijJ\ 2\3U ^ L)J and begins: 

Jy tilSjo J.J& OJj ^ji^. lc 



It is abridged from the original, as found 
in Migne' s vol. 94, coll. 14351502. 

The fourth, f. 2616, is against those who 
reject images, \# ^L ^ sSJUU ^xi J^xi y>j 
6 - and begins : ^ ^ UJ ^^ui?. 



It appears to be abridged from John 
Damascen's Orationes de Imaginibus. See 
Migne, vol. 94, coll. 12311432. 

The fifth, f. 266, is a short extract from the 
Discourses on the Divinity of Christ, treating 
of the stay of Our Lord's body in the tomb, 



!i)o jjiJl 



For other copies of the five Discourses 
see Rosen, Notices Sommaires, no. 6, art. 2, 
and Mai, ib., no. 79, art. 2. 

IV. Foil. 267278. Short exposition of 
the Christian doctrine, in 22 Babs, by Paul 
of Antioch, Bishop of Sidon, J 

lli\ 



lS \ai 



Beg. 



J\ UJo J (j 



The author lived in the 15th century. 

The contents are stated by Assemani, Mai's 
Collectio Nova, torn, iv., nos. Ill, 147; by 
Uri, no. 42, art. 2, and by Nicoll, no. 25. 
Other copies are mentioned by Uri, no. I'J, 
art. 2, and no. 51, art. 3. For a life of 
the author see Wright's Syriac Catalogue, 
p. 1097, art. 45, and Steinschneider, 
Polemische, Literatur, p. 61. 

V. Foil. 2786279. A short explanation 
of the Christian's belief in the Unity and 
Trinity of God, by the same author: _-i 



Beg. 



A copy of this and the preceding article 
is noticed by Rosen, Notices Sommaires, 
no. 6, artt. 3 and 4. 

VI. Foil. 280319. Extracts from a 
Christian work on physics and metaphysics, 
without author's name. 



Beg. 



The original work is divided into Makalahs, 
subdivided into Fusul. The Makalahs un- 
numbered, but the numbers of those given in 
the present extracts are not consecutive. The 
first three Makalahs are followed, f. 294n, 
by the tenth, on accident uo^\ j, and tins, 
f. 2976, by the seventeenth, on the efficient 
cause &\f\a.\\ *U\ j. The last numbered 
Makalah is the twentieth, f. 3166, (ju*> j, 
^\. It is followed, f. 315a, by a final and 
unnumbered one &jUJ\ &*^ J}. The work is 
designated in the colophon as 

Copyist : 



18 



CHRISTIAN LITERATDEE. 



23. 



Or. 1331. Foil. 279 ; 10 in. by 7 ; 13 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in a fine large Neskhi, 
with vowels ; dated Cairo, 14 Ba'uneh, 
A. Martyrum 1071 (A.D. 1355). 

[Sm CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

Digest of the Canons of the Church, by 
al-Mu'taman Abu Ishak B. Abi'l-Mufaddal 
(alias Abi'1-Fadl) B. Abi Ishak, called Ibn 
al-'Assal. 

The author, whose name is written in the 
colophon as follows, j>\ er*^ Jxsla)\ (jJ>}\ 
JL-N ^\ ^ y? jJiU ^1 & j**\ is the 
same writer to whom is due an exposition of 
the Christian Faith (see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 788a, and Steinschneider, Polemische Lite- 
ratur, no. 69). He completed the present 
work, as stated in the colophon, on the 10th 
of Baramhat, A. Martyrum 952 (A.D. 1236). 

The contents are described by Assemani, 
Biblioth. Medic, Laurent., no. 61, and Mai's 
Collectio Nova, torn, iv., no. 151 ; by Uri, 
Syriac MSS., p. 19, no. 89, and p. 41, no. 67 ; 
and in the Paris Catalogue, no. 245. In the 
last, however, the work is ascribed, apparently 
on the authority of an erroneous statement 
of Renaudot, to al-Safi Ibn al-'Assal, a brother 
of the author (v. Arabic Catalogue, p. 7586). 

From the original Coptic folioing of the 
MS. it appears to have lost the first five 
leaves. It begins abruptly with these words : 




In the extant part of the preface to which 
the passage belongs, the author, after dwelling 
upon the benefits conferred upon mankind by 
the divine law, complains of the imperfections 
of the collections of Canons previously com- 
piled in Arabic, and explains the scope of the 
present work, and the method followed in its 



composition. This is followed, f. 86, by a 
full enumeration of the Canons on which the 
present work is based, from those of the 
Apostles to those of the Emperors, together 
with the monograms by which the author 
refers to them, 



It is said at the end, f. 25a, that the work 
is divided into two parts * comprising 
together 51 chapters u->b, a full table of which 
occupies foil. 2833. 

Part I., f. 25a, 
SjjU-jjM, contains 22 Babs, namely, ten relating 
to the constitution of the Church and to the 
laws concerning priests and monks, and 
twelve, numbered 11 22, relating to religious 
duties in general cUS\ obUJl, f. 

Part II., f. 1706, miiljSn j*^ 
bb ^jj^f-j J, contains 29 Babs, namely, 
nine, numbered 23 31, relating to bodily 
matters %&* jyfi\, such as food, marriage, 
concubinage, wills, successions, etc.; ten Babs, 
numbered 32 41, relating to civil transac- 
tions O5UlV, fol. 231a, and ten more, num- 
bered 42 51, relating to mortal and venial 
sins and their punishments j^X f. 249a. 

There are marginal notes due to the author 
himself. The copyist, Jirjis B. al-Kiss Abi'l- 
Mufaddal, states in the colophon that he 
transcribed the first part of the work, from 
the beginning to Bab 33 (fol. 233), from the 
original MS. in Damascus, '&>.&> J^N i*^ ^ 
j*^, and the rest from a copy written by 
Anba Cyrillus, Bishop of Siut, (_aa-^ u^jif \p\ 
lajA**, known as Ibn al-Sa'igh. 

24. 

Or. 3708. Foil. Ill ; 8 in. by 5^ ; 17 lines, 
3| in. long ; written in a neat Neskhi, dated 
3 Khaziran, A.D. 1713. [BUDGE.] 



THEOLOGY. 



19 



A full exposition by question and answer 
of the rites and ordinances of the Chaldean 
Church, and of their meaning, by Mar Yusuf 
II., Patriarch of the Chaldees. 

Beg. 



<_>i*J 



U 



The work is divided into five Makalahs, 
subdivided into chapters (Fusul), a full table 
of which follows the preface. The Makalahs 
have the following headings : 

Pol. 46. ^^w>j ^4-*^? ^^ ^^ <j I- 
Pol. 266. \$i>U*j i-^2\ j^jSk j II. 
Pol. 466. 5 JN t.-o3^\j o-^akJi j III. 



Pol. 69a. ^y J &Jiaaj ( _ ) tt1 l ifl.!\tUu>\ L j IV. 

Fol. 83. ^^j ** - ^ > j U*^ (j V. 

At the beginning of the work, f. 46, the 
author is called : j,\*-jj\ ^j 



25. 

Or. 4240. Foil. 142 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 20 lines, 
about 6 in. long ; written in rather cursive 
Neskhi ; apparently in the 17th century. 

[BUDGE.] 



I. Foil. 127. A treatise on Christian 
morals, without author's name. 



The work treats, in twelve Babs, of virtues 



and their opposite vices. The author is Elias 
Bar ShinuyFi, Metropolitan of Nisibin, who was 
raised to that office A.D. 1009. See Rosen's 
Syriac Catalogue, p. 896. The full title of 
the work is ^\ ^ J* f->^ L-J^. Of two 
copies noticed in the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 51a and 3646, the first is wrongly 
ascribed to Gregory Barhebraeus. For other 
copies see Mai's Nova Collectio, torn, iv., 
nos. 158, art. 2, and 180, 181 ; Nicoll, no. 42, 
where the contents are stated ; Pertsch, no. 
2859 ; and the Paris Catalogue, nos. 175-0. 
Foil. 1 11 have been supplied by a later 
hand. ' 

II. Foil. 28142. A full exposition of 
the faith, and religious and moral duties of 
Christians, without title or author's name. 

Beg. 
A-> 



Jy jj\ Ja Jjo U . . . 
ftt d\ 2- Lit 4J 

The work begins with a wordy introduc- 
tion on the efficacy of faith, and contains the 
following four Babs : 

Bab I., consisting of one Fasl, the opening 
of the exposition W U*N *:&, f. 296. 

Bab II., the exposition ^UjJ^ in three Fasls, 
viz. : 

1. The pinnacle of faith u Ui^l! 'ijj>, or unity 
of God, f. 41. 

2. The fundament of faith uU^, f. 466. 
(There is one leaf wanting after f. 49, and 

two after f. 55 ; and the beginning of the 
third Fasl, treating of the Creed, is lost.) 

Bab III. The four pillars **>^\ ^\, in 
as many Fasls, viz. Baptism, f. 68a; the 
Sacrifice (or mass) u ^/iM, f: 73a ; the Gospel, 
f. 77a ; the Cross, f. 94a. 

Bab IV. The seven lamps (or Christian 
virtues) iu N jlxV, in seven Fasls, viz. 
Piety, f. lOla; Charity, f. 109 ; Prayer, 
f. 1116; Fasting, f. 121a ; Mercy, f. 127d ; 
Humility, f. 130a; Purity, f. 134a. 
D 2 ' 



20 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



26. 

Or. 1335. Foil. 222 ; 10 in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in large Neskhi, 
apparently in the 14th century. 

[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

A work on the duties and observances of 
religious and monastic life, imperfect at 
beginning and end. 

The MS. appears, from the original Coptic 
folioing, to have lost the first 14 leaves. It 
begins as follows : jjUiJI 



t-r^'j LiL-i^ 

This is part of a long and wordy preface, 
foil. 1 7, in which the author, who desig- 
nates himself by the name of Karram, f. 56, 
lajj \j\j ~)\ +\j>, declares himself 



unworthy, as a great sinner, to exhort his 
brethren, but finally yields to their instances. 
The only division noticeable in the body 
of the work is found in the following heading, 
f. 87a, ^y\ J*aN 

The fourth chapter, which treats of fast- 
ing and prayer, begins as follows : 

U &Z>\j slai*. ^*}ta lx> 

UJ 



\Ji\j 



The author appears to have been a Coptic 
priest or monk. In order to show the efficacy 
of fasting and prayer, he tells at length, 
foil. 108 110, of the heavenly visions and su- 
pernatural powers which by this means have 
been vouchsafed to the following Egyptian 
saints: S. Antonius, Anba Bula, Macarius 
isjliU Ui), John the Short ^x*aM Lr jjtf Uii, Anba 
Abshaih, Anba Ladasan ^Uo^ ^>\, Pakhomius 
(.j^-eye:, and Shenudeh sj^ii*. In the first 
part he gives many precepts and rules relating 
to monastic life. He treats fully of con- 
fession, and insists repeatedly that no one 



is entitled to receive it and grant absolution 
but the priest who has received the impo- 
sition of hands from the successors of the 
Apostles, f. 796 : 



In the section relating to prayer, no fewer 
than seven distinct times of prayer are en- 
joined, six of which appear in the following 

headings: ^y&> ^ ^ J^N *J^\ f. 137a, 

f. 141a, 
f. 151 a, 

i f. 158a, 
f. 165a, ^ 
J" f . 1 68a. 

The original MS. breaks off, f. 219, after a 
fierce denunciation of hypocrites and repro- 
bates, and an exhortation to repentance. 
Three leaves of later writing follow, treating 
of the terrors of the day of judgment. 

27. 

Or. 4241. Foil. 107 ; 8f in. by 6* ; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi ; 
dated Mossul, Ayar, A.D. 1848. [BUDGE.] 



Extracts from the works of St. Teresia 
bjy L-juxa^ (died A.D. 1582) translated from 
Latin into Arabic. 

Beg. 



The translator does not give his name, but 
describes himself as one of the missionary 
monks of the Order of the bare-footed 
Carmelites, ujjl 



The work consists of a preface (Mukad- 
dimah), setting forth the excellence of the 
original, and the reasons for translating it, 



THEOLOGY. 



21 



and of thirteen Fasls, containing extracts 
from the various works of St. Teresa, a table 
of which is given at the end of the preface. 

Copyist : 



28. 



Or. 3709. Foil. 199 ; 6$ in. by 4 ; 15 lines, 
2j in. long; written in neat Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 18th century. [BUDGE.] 



Rare cases of confession by Christoval de 
Vega, translated from Italian into Arabic by 
Ibrahim Jalwiin al-Samarani, a Maronite sub- 
deacon. 



Beg. 



Uy.Uj ju\ ^ jJI 



Christoval de Vega, a Spanish Jesuit, who 
died in 1672, is the reputed author of the 
' Casos raros de la Confession,' printed in 
Valencia, 1664, and afterwards translated 
into Italian and printed in Rome, 1668, with 
the addition of ' Riflessioni di Antonio 
Heraudo, di Levenzo.' See Backer, 3 e Serie, 
p. 740. 

The translator, who describes himself as a 
pupil of the Roman schools, took the work 
from the Italian. He mentions not only the 
author, l ^-?-A\ li>_, ^j^y^la^i. Ui^M, but 
also the writer of the additional reflections 
contained in the Roman edition, namely, 

^0 (*\J*^ ^f ^\ O*"*iH^ O^'j^ 3 ^ 

He adds that the translation 
was written A.D. 1723. 

The work is divided into two parts >-, the 
first with sixteen, the second, f. 73, with 
twenty chapters. The reflections of Heraudo, 
beginning f. 1396, are in five chapters. 



LIVES OF SAINTS. 

29. 

Or. 2328. Foil. 210; 10} in. by 7J; 27 lines, 
5| in. long ; written in a cursive and inelegant 
Neskhi ; dated Mossul, A.D. 1880. 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

The Synaxarium, or Lives of Saints and 
Martyrs, arranged according to the Calendar. 



Axi3\ 



This is the Coptic Synaxarium adapted 
to the Syrian calendar. It follows the order 
of the Syrian months from the first of 
Tishrin I. to the thirtieth of Eilul ; but there 
are frequent references to the Coptic months, 
and the substance agrees with the Coptic 
Synaxarium, an abstract of which has been 
given by Assemani in the Bibliotheca Medicea 
Laurentiana, pp. 164 187, and in Mai's 
Scriptorum veterum Nova Collectio, torn, iv., 
pp. 92 121. 

The first of Tishrin, with which the MS. 
begins, corresponds with the fourth of Babeh 
(Assemani, Bibl. Med. Laur., p. 166). 

The second part, f. 876, U^ y- JliN ^ 
(^Ua-J), begins with the first day of the 
seventh Coptic month, Baramhat (Assemani, 
p. 177), corresponding with the 25th of Sabat. 

The original beginning of the work is 
found f . 195a, with the heading : i_*I& i_y^ 
j J\ U\ U \j > - &J* **>\ U 



The first day of Tot, with which the 
Coptic Synaxarium begins, corresponds with 
the 29th of Ab. 



22 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



The Coptic Synaxarium is ascribed to 
Michael, Bishop of Atribis, who lived about 
A.D. 1425. A German translation of the 
first quarter has been published by Wiisten- 
feld, Gotha, 1879. 

For other copies see Ori, Syriac MSS., no. 
92, and the Paris Catalogue, nos. 254 56. 

3O. 

Or. 4523. Foil. 185; 10$ in. by 7J; 17 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi ; 
dated Friday, 24 Babeh, A. Martyrum 1532 
(A.D. 1815). 
Life and teaching of S. Pakhomius : 



Beg. Oj 



A short introduction treats of the holy 
martyrs, and of the pious monks who suc- 
ceeded them, and multiplied in Egypt after 
the persecutions of Diocletian and Maximian. 
The author enters upon his subject, f. 2, as 

follows : \j 



,js>-b 



The life forms a continuous text, without 
any division. The death of Pakhom on the 
14th of Beshens, at the age of sixty, is re- 
corded, f. 1506. The latter part of the work, 
foil. 151 181, is taken up with an account of 
his successors, Petronius, Orsesius ^yj~~*ajj\ 
and Theodore (j^^. It concludes with a 
letter written by Athanasius, Patriarch of 
Alexandria, on the death of the last. 

Foil. 182 185 contain the scribe's colo- 
phon, followed by additional passages quoted 
from Pakhom and other sacred writers. This 
copy was transcribed for Anba Petrus, the 
109th Patriarch, from an old MS. belonging 



to the Convent of S. Anthony, in the Desert 
of al-'Arabah. It was dedicated by the said 
Patriarch Petrus to the Patriarchal Seat. 

The Arabic text has been published, with 
a French translation, by Amelineau, Annales 
du Musee Guimet, pp. 337 711. 

Short lives of Pakhom and Theodore 
are given in Coptic and Latin by Zoega, 
pp. 71 87. For copies of the Arabic version, 
see Assemani, Mai's Nova Collectio, torn, iv., 
no. 172, and the Paris Catalogue, no. 261. 



HISTORY. 

31. 

Or. 1336. Foil. 169 ; 9 in. by 6; 17 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in fine large Neskhi ; 
apparently in the 15th century. 

[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

A history of the Jews, ascribed to Yusuf 

B. Gorion, 



It begins with the same rubric as the copy 
previously described, no. 1, art. xi. The 
eight books begin respectively at ff. U, 25, 
49, 73&, 98a, 105ft, 1246, and 1526. 

The first four and the last four leaves, as 
well as a few in the body of the volume, have 
been supplied by a later scribe, A. Martyrum 
1402 (A.D. 1686). The earliest of several 
notes recording readings of the MS. is dated 
A.H. 899 (A.D. 1493). See f. 104<5. 

At the end is a deed of gift by Athanasius 
of Abutika to the Convent of S. Anthony in 
al-'Arabah, dated A. Martt. 1508 (A.D. 1792). 

32. 

Or. 3009. Foil. 224; Ilfin.by7f; 19 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in the large and formal 
Neskhi usual with Christian scribes, and 
folioed with Coptic numerals, probably in 
the 15th century. [KREMER, no. 6.] 



HISTORY. 



23 



History of the Dynasties JjJ\^a^*, by 
Abu'l - Faraj Gregorius, known as Bar- 
Hebraeus, who died A.H. 685. 

The copy wants fourteen leaves at the 
beginning, and three at the end. It begins 
in the history of Moses at this passage: 
iL5y)! sZ*-jj \,^a*> y* f**^ &>\ i_r^?. which 
occurs in the text edited by Pococke, Oxford, 
1683, p. 26, line 19. The last leaf, f. 224, 
supplies the first portion of the lacune which 
exists at p. 562 of the printed edition. Its 
contents correspond with a previously de- 
scribed copy, Add. 23, 304, f. 259,line 12 
f. 260o, line 15. The last words are : <& 



Some leaves are also wanting in the body 
of the volume, namely, one after f. 195 
(Pococke, p. 456, line 11 f. 458, line 15), 
one after f. 199 (ib. p. 457, line 19 p. 470, 
line 8), ten after f. 201 (ib., p. 475, line 6- 
p. 498, line 14), two after f. 205 (ib., p. 508, 
line 6 p. 512, line 18), and two after f. 217 
(ib., p. 542, line 7 p. 547, line 13). 

For the author's life, and other copies of 
the work, see Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, 
no. 363 ; the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 426&, 
554 ; Uri, nos. 96, 97 ; the Leyden Cata- 
logue, vol. ii., p. 147; the Munich Cata- 
logue, no. 377 ; De Slane, Paris Catalogue, 
nos. 296 99 ; and Rosen, Institut, no. 37. 



33. 

Or. 2438. Foil. 56 ; 9 in. by 6; 17 lines, 
4f in. long; written in fair Neskhi, apparently 
in the 13th century. 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

A fragment of an historical work, without 
author's name. 

The first leaves of the MS. are more or 
less torn, and the ink is much faded. The 
work appears to have been divided, as far as 



shown in this fragment, into three Books, 
-, the first of which is lost. The second, 
of which portions only are extant, relates to 
theological and controversial matters, while 
the third, which forms the main part of the 
volume, treats of the history of the Roman 
and Byzantine Emperors, down to A.H. 49 
(A.D. 670). An author frequently quoted is 
Sa'id B. Batrik, Patriarch of Alexandria, 
who died A.H. 328 (A.D. 940). 

The following are the headings found in 
Book II : 



Pol, Ib. 

J j 



Fol. 3a. c^US\ 
Lias- 



Fol. 7a. 



Fol. 136. 



(Purporting to show that Zaradusht pre 
dicted the advent of Christ.) 

Fol. 156. -Jl 3U5 



Fol. 186. JQ\ 

iil)\ 



j* J 



The third, or historical book, beginning 
f. 20a, is divided into seven chapters J^oJ, 
the first of which is a brief preamble. 
Chapters 2 5 enumerate the successors of 
Peter in Rome, f. 206, the Patriarchs of 
Alexandria, f. 216, of Antioch, f. 23a, and 
the Bishops of Jerusalem, f. 24a, from the 



24 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



time of the Apostles to tbe Council of Nicaea. 
Chapter 6, f. 25a, treats of the heathen 
Emperors down to Constantino. Chapter 7, 
f. 286, is a history of Constantino and his 
successors, including an account of the 
Councils, and of the contemporary Pa- 
triarchs, down to A.H. 49. It ends with 



these words ; 



UB> 



w 



\*j~\ 



This is followed by a brief summary, in 
which the Jacobites and Maronites are men- 
tioned as heterodox, and which comes to an 
abrupt termination. 

34. 

Or. 1:337. Foil. 295 ; 13 in. by 8^ ; 19 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi ; 
dated 5 Tobeh, A. Martyrum 1505, A.H. 1203 
(A.D. 1789). [SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 



A work treating of the various eras and 
systems of chronology in use with the 
Eastern nations, with chronological tables 
brought down to A.H. 655 = A. Martyrum 
973 (A.D. 1257). 



v 









X* 



The work is divided into fifty-one Babs, a 
table of which is given after the above title. 



The main contents are as follows : Divisions 
of time, and the years and months as reckoned 
by Arabs, Jews, astronomers, Greeks, Euro- 
peans, Persians and Copts, f. 4a. Calculation 
of dates and reductions of eras, f. lla. Is 
night to precede day, or the reverse ? f. 16. 
On what day was the moon created? f. 18. 
On what day was the beginning of creation ? 
f. 22. How to calculate the intervals bet ween 
various eras, f . 28i. Principal dates of Biblical 
and Jewish history and the Apocalypse re- 
duced to the Era of the Martyrs, f. 31a. 
Chronology of the life of Christ, f . 54a. How 

to find the (-r ,l\ ,Jbaj\ or the Epact, f. 56a. 
How to calculate Easter and the Jewish 
Passover, f. 626. The Jewish calendar, 
f. 75a. The lunar years and months, f. 776. 
The astronomical solar year, f. 835. The 
reckoning of the Christian festivals, and 
vindication of the Coptic use, f. 87 a. Table 
showing the concordance of the Coptic and 
Syrian months, f. 1236. The chronological 
tables which follow occupy more than half 
the volume, foil. 125282. In the earlier 
ones the dates are given in parallel columns, 
according to the following authorities : Ibn 
al-Rahib, Sa'id B. Batrik, John Chrysostom, 
al-Manbiji, Epiphanius, a Sa'Idi writer gfi> 
{jojjiiwaJI L>a*?, the Jew Abu '1-Fakhr, and 
al-Muntasir, j*o'JJ\\ Jii. The tables are fol- 
lowed in some instances by fuller comments, 
due to the compiler. 

They relate to the following subjects : 
The Patriarchs, f. 1256 ; The Judges, f. 1366; 
Kings of Israel, f. 1426 ; Kings of Judah, 
f. 1496 ; Kings of Babylon and Persia, 
f. 155 ; Alexander and his successors, 
f. 1596 ; The Maccabees and Herod, f. 1636 ; 
The Roman Emperors, from Augustus to 
Heraclius, f. 169a ; The Khalifa. down to 
A.H. 623, f. 184; The Kings of Egypt 
from Ahmad B. Tulun, to al-Malik al-Mansur, 
A.H. 655. The Osmanli Sultans from their 
origin to the French invasion in Egypt, 



HOMILIES. 



25 



A.H. 1214 (this is an addition to the original 
work by a later hand), f . 2245. The Patriarchs 
of Alexandria, from S.Mark the Apostle to Ga- 
briel, the 77th Patriarch (A. Martt. 98587), 
f. 235Z. This section is brought down by a 
first continuator to Mark, the 106th Patriarch, 
proclaimed A. Martt. 1461, and by a second, 
in another hand, to Mark, the 108th Pa- 
triarch, proclaimed A. Martt. 1513. A tabu- 
lated summary of the Patriarchs, foil. 278 
282. A chronological account of the first 
seven Councils, foil. 283 295. It is stated 
in the colophon that the MS. was transcribed 
from a copy in the Patriarch's Library, 
dated A. Martt. 1310 (A.D. 1594). 

The contents of the chronological tables 
agree with those of the chronicle of Ibn al- 
Rahib, translated into Latin by Abraham 
Ecchellensis and J. S. Assemani. See Mai's 
Nova Collectio, torn, iv., no. 166. The proper 
name of Ibn al-Rahib is Abu Shakir Petrus 
B. Abi'l-Karam B. al-Muhaddib. See ib., 
no. 116, and further on, no. 47, vii. 

35. 

Or. 1338. Foil. 352 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 15 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in clear Neskhi ; dated 
Friday, 27 Mesuri, A. Martyrum 1452, the 
24th of Eabl' II., A.H. 1149 (A.D. 1736). 

[SiR CHARLES A. MUKEAY.] 

Lives of the Patriarchs of Alexandria, from 
the first, S. Mark the Apostle, to Matthew 
the 87th, without author's name. 




Beg. 



The main part of the work, foil. 1 319, 
consists of consecutive, some of them very 
extensive, lives of the first seventy-five 
Patriarchs. Of the seventy-sixth, Atha- 
nasius (Renaudot's Historia Patriarcharum 
Alexandrinorum, 1713, p. 599), it is merely 
stated that he was consecrated on the 5th 
of Babeh, A. Martyrum 967 = 4 Rajab, 
A.H. 648 (A.D. 1251). After this there is a 
break in the series, and the next section, 
fi. 320345, is devoted to the life and 
miracles of the 87th Patriarch, Matthew jp 
(of whom Renaudot, p. 610, gives only the 
name). He was enthroned in Alexandria 
on the 16th of Mesuri, A. Martyrum 1094, 
and died in great renown of sanctity on the 
5th of Tobeh, A. Martyrum 1125 (A.D. 1409). 
The author, who appears to have written 
shortly after his death, concludes with an 
enumeration of the holy men who suffered 
martyrdom in his Patriarchate. 

Foil. 3455352 contain an appendix of 
much later date. It consists of the lives of 
the 103rd and 104th Patriarchs, namely, 
John (jJ'jJ, who was consecrated A. Mar- 
tyrum 1389, and died A. Martt. 1434 = 
A.H. 1130 (A.D. 1718), and his successor, 
Peter ^Jbj, who died in Bararahiit, A. Martt. 
1442 A.H. 1138 (A.D. 1726). 



HOMILIES. 

36. 

Or. 1332. Foil. 249 ; 10^ in. by 7 ; 17 lines, 
4J in. long; written in fair large Neskhi, 
apparently in the 14th century. 

[SiE CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 



26 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



Homilies of S. Ephraim Syrus, imperfect 
at the beginning : ^.^ Jy ^ 2jSV jc^\ 
^b^l jJyl jU The MS. has lost, as shown 
by the original Coptic folioing, thirty-seven 
leaves at the beginning, and thirty-three in 
its early portion. The first rubric extant is 
that of the sixth homily, f. 15a, (_j*sLJ\ j^\\ 

L^\ &{&* ^ J&>^ %jUL* ,_K the preceding 
folios containing detached portions of the 
previous homilies. The contents agree with 
those of the Arundel MS., Or. I., which has 
been fully described in the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 26 29 ; but the number of homilies is 
reduced from 53 to 50 by the omission of 
the homilies numbered 36 and 38 in the 
Arundel MS., and by the fusion of nos. 52 
and 53 into one. 

The homilies are followed, as in that 
copy, by the Encomium of Gregory Nyssen 
on S. Ephraim, f. 2346 : 






The last two leaves, supplied by a later 
hand, break off before the end. 

Several MSS. of the same collection are 
described in the Paris Catalogue, nos. 
135 139. The contents are stated in 
Mai's Scriptorum veterum nova collectio, 
torn, iv., nos. 67, 68, and by Uri, nos. 60, 65. 



37 & 38. 

Or. 1333 and 1334. Two uniform MSS., 
consisting respectively of foil. 212 and 207 ; 
10 in. by 6^ ; 17 lines, 4 in. long ; written 
in fair large Neskhi, probably in the 15th 
century. [Sm CHAKLES A. MURRAY.] 

Another copy of the homilies of S. Ephraim. 

The first volume wants the first seven leaves. 

It begins, in the middle of the first homily, 



with these words : i) l$K 
*^i~ (Arund., Or. 1., f. 56, line 2). The 
second homily begins, f. 3, with this heading: 
<_j\j&\j j\JJ jy ijW- The first volume 
ends with the fifth page of the 21st homily : 



The second volume commences with the 
latter part of the above homily, and completes 
the work. The 53rd homily, beginning 
f. 1876, is written in continuation of the pre- 
ceding, without any heading. It is followed, 
f. 190o, by the Encomium of S. Gregory, 
which wants the last two pages. 



39. 

Or. 3598. Foil. 246; 8| in. by 6J ; 14 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in large Neskhi in the 
Convent of S. Anthony, in the Desert of Al- 
'Arabah, dated 20 Kayahk, A. Martyrum 1441 
(A.D. 1725). 

The first part of the MS., foil. 1115, 
contains the following seven discourses on 
the miracles of Archangel Michael, most of 
which have been translated into French, and 
published by E. Amelineau in the first volume 
of his " Contes et Romans de 1'Egypte 
Chretienne," Paris, 1888 :- 

I. Discourse of S. Theodosius in glorifica- 
tion of Archangel Michael, and on the miracle 
he performed for Dorotheos and his wife 
Theopista, to be read on the 12th of Hator, 



Beg. 



U Uu-* J\5 



HOMILIES. 



27 



II. Fol. 16a. Discourse of Donatius, first 
Bishop of Athens, on the miracles performed 
by Archangel Michael in the Church built in 
his name in Athens, U^ 



jj> JM\>\ Jj\ 



ja\ t- 



Beg. 



b U) 



Translated by Amelineau, I.e., pp. 1 10, 
under the title : " Comment se convertit la 
ville d'Athenes." 

III. Fol. 326. Discourse of S. Anastasius, 
Bishop of the island of Terakiya, on the 
miracle performed by Archangel Michael for 
S. Euphemia, 

\> 



Translated ib., pp. 2168, under the title : 
" Legende de la Sainte Euphemie." 

The two additional tales mentioned in the 
above title, are those of Aristarchus and his 
wife Eugenia, f. 52, and of a monk who 
was devoted to S. Michael, f. 556. 

IV. Fol. 676. Discourse of Tiinotheus, 
Patriarch of Alexandria, on the vision that 
was vouchsafed to him in Jerusalem, 



Ui 



Translated ib., pp. 1120, "Vision de 
Saint Jean 1'Evangeliste." 

V. Fol. 78a. Discourse of Severus, Pa- 



triarch of Antioch, on the conversion of 
Matthew, the scribe, with his wife and 
children, *>.\*a \*>\ 



Translated ib., pp. 85 108, " La conver- 
sion du scribe Mathieu et de sa famille." 

VI. Fol. 936. Discourse on the ten mira- 
cles of Archangel Michael, 



>\ Jf 

Translated ib., pp. 69 84. 

VII. Fol. 1066. Discourse of Gregory the 
Theologian, Bishop of 'Ain 'Aidan (?), de- 
livered in his church dedicated to S. Michael 
on his feast-day, the twelfth of Kayahk, 



It is the story of the conversion of a 
wealthy pagan named v-5 ^b, who was in- 
duced, by his Christian servant Yuhanna, to 
buy a book on S. Michael, in the belief that 
he would through it obtain immortal life. 

VIII. Foil. 119 245. Life of S. Shenudeh, 
by his disciple Wisa, for his commemoration 
on the seventh of the month Ebib, (_- 



Beg. 



E 2 



28 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



The life agrees substantially with the text 
published, with a French translation, by 
B. Amelineau in the 4th tome of the 
Me"moires de la Mission Archeologique au 
Caire, pp. 289 487 ; but it presents con- 
siderable verbal variations. For the history 
of Shenudeh, see also Revillout, Revue de 
1'Histoire des Religions, tome viii., nos. 4 
and 5. For another copy of Visa's work, 
see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 670. 

The MS. was made a Wakf to the Pa- 
triarchal Cell, A. Martt. 1531 (A.D. 1815). 
See fol. 32. 

40. 

Or. 3599. Foil. 207; 6 in. by 4; 14 lines, 
2^ in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi, 
apparently in the 17th century. 

I. Foil. 3 44. Religious instructions re- 
lating to Baptism, the Eucharist, and more 
especially to the Confession, in the form of 
questions by the disciple Jo^J^, and answers 
by the teacher Jj-!\ ; imperfect at the 
beginning. 

It is divided into nine Mas'alah ; the first 
heading extant, f. 96, is that of the third 
Mas'alah, which begins as follows : 



JjUJ J j^.liM j U ^U* b J 

II. Fol. 48. History of the transfer of the 
kingdom of David, from his son Solomon, to 
Abyssinia, ijJj ^ ^jjb 

fcjl 

C - u J ^ ' I*""**' 

Translated by E. Amelineau, Contes et 

Romans de 1'Egypte Chretienne, tome i., 
pp. 144 164. 

III. Fol. 63ft. Life of Armenius, his wife, 
and his children, and his death, on the 2nd of 



the month Beshens, J^? 



> by Jusamat, 



Bishop of Tarsus. 



Beg. v_aa-\ 



oo 

.J 



Translated by Amelineau, ib., pp. 165 189. 
A copy is noticed by Uri, no. 103, art. 2. 

IV. Foil. 81& 105, 116125, 106115. 
History of the captivity of the Israelites in 
Babylon of Chaldea in the days of Jeremiah, 



cv>- 

Translated by the same, ib., tome ii., 
pp. 97 151. 

V. Fol. 126a. Life of Anba Marcos, the 
hermit of mount Tirmak, and how Serapion 
came to him at the time of his death and 
buried him, ^J 



The same life is noticed in the Paris Cata- 
logue, no. 256, art. 13, and no. 260. It has 
been translated by Amelineau, ib., tome ii., 
pp. 55 73. 

VI. Fol. 189a. Discourse of John Chry- 
sostom on penitence, fear of God, 



JUo 
Uj^o. 



Beg. 



VII. Fol. 151a. Discourse of Jacob, Bishop 
of Saruj, on the warnings of Jonas to the 
Ninivites, i_i.L>>\ c_;yi^. ^U ^.liSJl 51S _x 



Beg. &ila 



PHILOSOPHY. 



Jacob of Saruj died A.D. 521. See Asse- 
mani Biblioth. Orient., torn, i., p. 283, and 
Mai. Collectio Nova, torn, iv., no. 73, where 
twenty-three of his homilies are mentioned. 

VIII. Fol. 1686. A homily on the testi- 
mony born by Scripture to Jesus, without 
author's name. 

Beg. Ijui^l W U Jt 41) Jyf jz yyji 



It is by John Chrysostom. See the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 361a, no. 20. 

IX. Fol. 173o, The vision of S. Theodosius, 
Bishop of Gangra. 



Beg. 



Translated by Amelineau, ib., tome ii., 
pp. 152166. 

X. Fol. 181. A chapter on the points of 
disagreement between the Copts and the 
Melchites, extracted from a work entitled al- 
Ibtihaj fi Sharh al-Minhaj. 



Although bearing the same title as al- 
Subki's commentary upon the Minhaj al- 
Talibin (Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 204), the 
present work is totally different. It is written 
by a Christian Copt in defence of the Jacobite 
doctrine against the Melchites. 

XI. Fol. 192a. History of a hermit, and 
of the priest who visited him, 



Beg. 

Translated by Amelineau, ib., tome ii., 
pp. 7480. 



XII. Fol. 197a 206. The martyrdom of 
Arianus, governor of Ansana, by S. Ammo- 
nius, ^ . 



Translated by the same, ib., pp. 81 96. 
A table of contents occupies two pages at 
the beginning of the MS. 



PHILOSOPHY. 

41. 

Or. 4243. Foil. 252 ; 8f in. by 6J- ; from 
20 to 23 lines, 4 in. long ; written in cursive 
Neskhi, dated Mossul, 15 Nisiin, A.D. 1841. 

[BUDGE.] 

I. Foil. 3 81. A treatise on Metaphysics 
by al-Khuri Butrus al-TQlani, Economos of 
the Maronites in Halab, published A.D. 1703, 



Beg. 



* S 

It is divided into ten main sections 
subdivided into Fasls, a full table of which 
occupies 3 pages at the beginning. Their 
headings are : 

Fol. 56. *y^>j ^\ ^ yUj j 1- 

Fol. 8a. i*p.ljJj jiWl *fj$ j 2. 

Fol. 11 a. J-1j j 3. 

Fol. 176. jb*& j 4. 

Fol. 246. J^j jU J 5. 

Fol. 3 la. h*j>-^ ***y j G - 

Fol. 37a. -ilU\ o^\ j 7. 

Fol. 516. **f& 05l_jEJ^ j 8. 

Fol. 676. JUi^ Jiyrjn j 9. 



Fol. 706. 



10 - 



30 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



II. Fol. 82 252. A compendium of uni- 
versal theology, written in Latin, by Thomas 
Descharmes, a Capucine monk of Lorrain, 
and printed in Venice A.D. 1818 ; translated 
into Arabic by Ignatius Butrus Jarwah al- 
Antaki al-Halabi, Patriarch of the Syrians, 
in Rome, A.D. 1826. 



_! 



J u 



The translator's preface begins : i\ 



Sls^SI 



J\ 



The original work consists of two parts, 
treating respectively of speculative and 
practical theology. The first of these, sub- 
divided into six discourses iS'Jix>, is alone con- 
tained in the MS. A full table of chapters 
follows the preface. Querard mentions a 
later edition of the original : Compendium 
theologiae universae ad usum examinan- 
dorum, Argentorati, 1819. 

Copyist : u< 



42. 

Or. 4247. Foil. Ill ; 8 in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Thursday, 23 Asbat, A.D. 1833. [BUDGE.] 

A treatise on Metaphysics, with the heading 
^5^ Ji*n ^J *A5\ L-AJlO, without author's 
name. 

The preface begins : \#\ 



U "s 



e 



& ^. 



It is another copy of the Metaphysics of 
al-Khuri Butrus al-Tulani described under 
no. 41, art. 1. 



Copyist : 

Foil. 106 111, written by another hand, 
contain another transcript of a portion of 
the work corresponding with foil. 9 15 of 
the MS. 

43. 

Or. 4246. Foil. 248 ; 8f in. by 6J ; 20 and 
21 lines, 4 in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi; 
dated Mossul, 12 Kanun I., A.D. 1842. 

[BUDGE.] 

I. Foil. 1 112. A treatise on Logic, being 
the first volume of the " Institutiones Phiio- 
sophicae ad Studia theologica potissimum 
accommodatae," by Francois Jacquier, a 
Minovite monk, Professor of the Propaganda, 
translated A.D. 1766 by Antonius Sabbagh, 
priest of the Melchite Church of Halab, 
from the edition printed in Rome A.D. 1750, 






Ivll 



Contents : The translator's preface, f. 15 ; 
the author's preface, f . 26 ; table of contents, 
f . 66 ; introduction, f . 8a ; Juz I.j_yolMj *$iM ^s 

f . 22& ; Juz. II. j> j-ad\ J, f. 57 ; Juz. III. 
c^l J'&o!J\ J, f. 73a ; Juz IV. ^ J, 
f. 102a. The contents agree with the first 
volume of the Venice edition of 1764. 

Copyist : Uk 



PHILOSOPHY. 



31 



II. Foil. 113248. A treatise on Logic, 
composed A.D. 1706, by Khuri Butrus B. 
Butrus B. Ishak al-Tulani, Economos of the 
Maronites in Halab. 

i_a)l U i 



JkflJ\5 JxilflJI 



Beg. 



It is divided into eighteen questions 
subdivided into Fasls. The headings are as 
follows : 1. (ji^i-*^ ?yy* (_/ f- 116 ; 2. JufeU ^ 
jW, f. 1026; 3. O^JI J, f. 1286; 4. J 
OU^N, f. 140a ; 5. (J ^ J, f. 1446 ; 6. J 
g^jJI, f. 150a ; 7. J-AflJt J, f. 154a ; 8. J 

j^lj l*\\ f . 1566 ; 9. *jiij Jift J, f . 1606 ; 
i/~\ ~ \\ t \\ ' t-' i i * . > / 11 

" \\ f 1 *7C\n . 1O v\ \\ \ "M 1 *"71 Z. 

pyOj+>\, i. LiVa , <L. <tfljjJ\ uuij^aj.j\ j, r. l/lo ; 
13. ^.Ull-b jLco UAJ, f. 178a ; 14. J^S)\ ( _^, 
f. 1876 ; 15. L5kjl o^\ J, f. 192a ; 
16. ^UEJI J, f. 202a ; 17. ^ 

, f. 215a ; 18. ^j^ J> f - 228fl - 

Copyist : Jb ^ 11 



44. 

Or. 4244. Foil. 66 ; 8 in. by 5f ; 15 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in large Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 18th century, except the last 
two leaves, which are dated Rajab, A.H. 1277 
(A.D. 1861). [BUDGE.] 

An introduction to logic by al-Khuri 
Butrus, Economos of the Maronites, ^\& 



JL* J^lfll 



It is divided into three Kisms, viz. 1. o * 
, f. 26 ; 2. ji^a^ J, fol. 136 ; and 3, 
ijr/aN JULli^ ( J, f. 316, each of which is sub- 
divided into numerous Bfibs. 



45. 

Or. 3710. Foil. 61 ; 8J in. by 6 ; 15 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, in the 
19th century. [BuDGE.] 

Another copy of the same work. 

It wants the latter part, corresponding 
with the last two folios of the preceding MS. 

46. 

Or. 4242. Foil. 274 ; 7$ in. by 5 ; from 17 
to 19 lines, 3f in. long ; written in an un- 
gainly European looking character, A.D. 1814, 
and, in part, illegible from the running of a 
corrosive ink. [BUDGE] 

I. Foil. 1161. 



A treatise on Logic by Joachim, a Basilian 
monk, 

Beg. 



The author wrote it for the use of pupils 
whom he found, on his arrival at Halab, 
A.D. 1754, desirous of studying philosophy. 
It is divided into a Mukaddimah, treating of 
philosophy and three Kisms, as follows : 



32 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



I. Fol. 12a, j^-5b iSU^ jy$\ ( J, in three 
Makalahs ; II. Fol. 416, ,XU ^ jiJ-oU\ J 
y, in two Makjilahs ; III. Fol. 546, 



in twenty Makalahs. 

II. Foil. 162272. J USJ\ ^.a)! 3,1*. 
&jJiku!\ ^yiSl A manual of logic for be- 
ginners, by the priest Sam'an Sabbagh al- 
Rurni al-'Akki, a pupil of the Propaganda, 



III. Fol. 14a. Al-Tabsirah, a Coptic gram- 
mar by al-'Alam Ibn Katib Kaisar, & 



Beg. jlai 



It is divided into an introduction and three 
Kisms, viz. ]. jyo-'^ ub3j!\jyit\ ( j, in nine 
sections termed &>-La?.\ ; 2. blaSN ^y, in nine 
sections ; 3. (j&\ J'iiJ^\ i, in five sections. 



COPTIC GRAMMARS AND 
VOCABULARIES. 

47. 

Or. 1325. Foil. 270; 8^ in. by 6| ; about 
23 lines, written mostly in two columns, 
dated "Wednesday, 26 Ebib, A. Martyrum 1519 
(A.D. 1803). [SiE CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

A collection of Coptic grammars and 
vocabularies explained in Arabic, containing : 

I. Fol. Ba. Introduction to the Coptic 
alphabet and numerals, without title or 
author's name. See the same in Add. 
24,050, art. 1, Arabic Catalogue, p. 6706. 

II. Fol. 9a. The Mukaddiraah, or intro- 
duction to Coptic grammar, by Shaikh al- 
As'ad Abu'l-Faraj Ibn al-'Assiil, 



See Add. 24,050, art. 2, and Uri, p. 325, 
no. 44. 



See Add. 24,050, art. 3, and Uri, ib. 

IV. Fol. 205. Al-Kifayah, a Coptic gram- 
mar by al-Wajih al-Kalyubi, ( _ r J^JiiO\ s^>-^\ iji 
5r.A5L)b "ti^\. See Add. 24,050, art. 4. 
At the end is written : L,>\ i*jJiJ\ 



V. Fol. 27a. An introduction to the Sul- 
lam, or Coptic vocabulary, by al-Samanudi 
4 ^ l i_jJ^Jl u-J.J>ii^ anliJ (JO^ JuJ) A*^. See Add. 
24,050, art. 5, and Uri, p. 326, no. 47. 

VI. Fol. B6a. Introduction to Coptic 
grammar by al-Tuka Ibn al-Dahiri, ( _\ &*M.\\ 
^j^^\ ^ *\s^ iM \&*j. See Add. 24,050, 
art. 6. 

VII. Fol. 54a. A Coptic vocabulary with 
a grammatical introduction, by Abu Shakir 
B. al-Rfmib Abi'l-Karam Batras B. al-Mu- 
haddib. See Add. 24,050, art. 6. 

Beg. Jx!b r *XJ\ &^:*j JS 

b'ls 
J\ 

The author describes himself as a deacon 
of the Church of the Virgin Mary, al-Mu'al- 
lakah, in Cairo, L~ i>> S 



He quotes among his authorities three 
previous Sullams or vocabularies, namely, 
those of the Bishop of Samanud, of the 
Bishop of Sakha, and of Ibn Rijal, J-* J^ 



and states that he finished his work 
A. Martyrum 980 (A.D. 1264). 

The grammatical introduction extends to 
f. 896. Then comes, f. 90a, the vocabulary 



POETRY. 



termed al-Sullam al-Kablr, and beginning : 



j,~ 



Theological works -written by the same 
author, A. Martt. 987, are noticed by Asse- 
mani, Mai's Collectio Nova, torn, iv., nos. 
116, 117. 



VIII. Fol. 144o. J^,\ u-fciJI, J&Jb 

A Coptic vocabulary by al-Mu'taman Abu 

Ishak B. Fakhr al-Daulah Abi'1-Fadl Ibn 

al-'Assal, 



author of the theological work entitled 
Majmu' Usiil al-Dln (Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 758a; Paris Catalogue, no. 200; and Stein- 
schneider, Polemische Literatur, p. 86). 

The vocabulary was transcribed, as stated 
at the end, from a copy dated A. Martyrum 
1034 (A.D. 1318). A copy is noticed by Uri, 
p. 326, no. 45. 

IX. Fol. 1966. A vocabulary of the Gos- 
pels, Epistles, and Offices of the Church, 



, without author's name. 

The copyist, the Priest Mma, 
dedicates this volume, after his death, to the 
Convent of S. Anthony, in the Desert of 
al-'Arabah. 

Foil. 268 270 contain a Coptic hymn, 
with the heading : ^ JlaJ 



POETRY. 

48. 

Or. 2632. Foil. 118 ; 8iin.by5f; 22 lines, 
about 3 1 in. long; written in fair Neskhi; 
dated end of Ailul, A.D. 1804. 

The Diwan of Jabra'il al-Lubnani, the 



Maronite monk, beginning ; J\ 



33 

iij.i 



re 



Uil 

The contents are the same as in Add. 9968, 
described in the Arabic Catalogue, p. 506 > 
but the preface, in which the author gives to 
the Diwan the title of 1/S$\ is wanting. 

The author, better known as Jabra'il Ibn 
Farhat, died as Maronite bishop in Halab, 
A.D. 1738. See Fliigel, Vienna Catalogue, 
vol. i., p. 487. For other copies see Asse- 
mani, Mai's Nova Collectio, torn, iv., no. 192 ; 
Aumer, no. 538 ; Biblioth. Burchardt., p. 31, 
no. 32 ; the Petersburg Catalogue, no. 4 ; 
and Pertsch, no. 2341. 

Copyist : J 



49. 



Or. 3627. Foil. 131; lOJin.byei; 21 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Halab, in the month of Ayar (May), A.D. 1764. 

[G. C. RENOQAED.-J 

The Diwan of Nicolaus Sa'igh, Superior 
of the Basilian Monks in the Convent of St. 
John, Shuwair, in the Druzes country, ar- 
ranged in alphabetical order. 

Beg. 



The first piece is a long poem in praise of 
the Church of Rome, beginning : 



34 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



Most of the poems have headings, giving 
the dates of composition. The dates range 
from A.D. 1703 (fol. 21a), to A.D. 1749 
(fol. 566). 

Copyist: y 



For other copies see Aumer, no. 537 ; the 



Bibliotheca Burckhardt., p. 31, no. 31; and 
Pertsch, no. 2335. The collected works of 
the author, including a Diwan with another 
beginning, are noticed in the Vienna Cata- 
logue, vol. i., p. 488. The present MS. is 
entered in the Catalogue of Dr. John Lee, 
no. 115. 



SAMARITAN MSS. 



50. 



Or. 2688. Foil. 218 ; 9f in. by 7 ; 19 lines, 
4^ in. long; written in fine bold Neskhi, 
with occasional vowels ; dated Friday, 23 Ju- 
mada II., A.H. 724 (A.D. 1324). 

The Arabic version of the Samaritan 
Pentateuch. It is divided into short sections, 
headed with the initial words of the Hebrew 
text in the Samaritan character. 

It wants the first two leaves, and begins 
with chapter ii. of Genesis, v. 15 17, as 
follows : +M!\ yjUa- jj tj\j &\ 



The remaining books begin respectively as 
follows : Fol. 556. Exodus, s^y)) ^ (J i\d\ J iJ\ 
jA*> ^ ~jjiz jfl> _jfej ; Fol. 1016, Leviticus, 
jU=-5l\ jfl* _jfc_j *^y^ ,< cJU3^.)\ ; Fol. 1326. 
Numbers, without heading, beginning : 



Fol. 179&. 

UJ-l^\^a-> y>j ^j^^ ^ u-*^- 

The last book wants a few lines at the 
end ; it breaks off at the eighth verse of 
chapter xxxiv. 

At the end of Exodus is the following 
colophon; 



At the end of Leviticus is a note relating 
to the purchase of the MS. by Yfisuf B. Rashid, 
A.H. 907, for 156 silver dirhems. 

The present MS., and the five following, 
were purchased for the Museum from Shaikh 
Ya'kub al-Shalabi, of Nablus. 

A MS. of the 1 same version is described by 
Nicoll, Bodleian Catalogue, p. 1, where other 
copies and printed extracts are mentioned. 

51. 

Or. 1446. Foil. 187; 12 Jin. by 8; 17 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Wednesday, 29 RabI' I., A.H. 909(A.D. 1503). 



SAMARITAN MSS. 



Another copy of the same translation. 

The first leaf is lost. The MS. begins 
with verses 14 19 of the first chapter of 
Genesis as follows : ^ii-Jj A$j C-AS,*^ ob.^1 



U-J1 



The other books begin respectively at 
foil. 48a, 87a, 1116, and 145a. 

At the end of Numbers is found the fol- 
lowing colophon : JU3 aJl 



Foil. 148 177 are written in a larger and 
probably early character, while foil. 178 187 
have been supplied by a later hand. 



52. 

Or. 1450. Foil. 451 ; 6 in. by 4 ; about 28 
lines in a page ; written in a fair small 
Neskhi ; dated Monday, 24 Jumada I., 
A.H. 1173 (A.D. 1759). 

The Pentateuch, in Hebrew and Arabic, 
written in two columns, the Hebrew text in 
the Samaritan character on the right, and 
the Arabic translation on the left. 

The latter begins as follows : V. 
[sic] 



The other books begin as follows : Exodus, 
fol. 119 ; Leviticus, fol. 230 ; Numbers, 
fol. 293 ; Deuteronomy, fol. 379. 

The MS. was written by Ghazal B. Abi'l- 
Surur al-Matari, whose name appears at the 
end of Leviticus and of Numbers. The 
colophon is : 



On the last folio is a notice written by 
Salamah B. Ya'kub B. Marjan B. Ibrahim 
al-Dafani, in Shawwal A.H. 1174. He states 
that the scribe, his cousin, Shaikh Ghazul B. 
al-Shajkh Surur al-Matari al-Ghazzi, having 
died in Eajab A.H. 1173, his son, Shaikh 
Surur, sent the book by way of Yafa to the 
writer, who bound it with his own hands, 
and placed it, according to Shaikh Ghazal's 
last will, by the side of the holy book, to be 
read on Sabbaths and feast-days. 

Ghazal B. Abi'l-Surur al-Ghazzi is the 
author of a commentary on the Pentateuch 
noticed in the Arabic Catalogue, p. 517A, 
and in the Zeitschrift d. D. Morg. Ges., 
Band 22, p. 538. 



53. 

Or. 2080. Foil. 93 ; 8$ in. by 6 ; 18 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in cursive and rather 
indistinct Neskhi ; dated Tuesday, 10 Mu- 
harram, A.H. 1276 (A.D. 1859). 

The Samaritan Chronicle, by Abu'1-Fath 
B. Abi'l-Hasan al-Samiri al-Danafi. 



Beg. 



JUS <M Jl j&& J 



The work was compiled, as stated in the 
preface, A.H. 756, for the High Priest 
Finhas. It extends from Adam to the time 
of Harun al-Rashid. 

F 2 



36 



CHRISTIAN LITERATURE. 



The text agrees substantially with the 
printed edition published by Eduard Viltnar, 
Gotha, 1865, but is in part fuller, especially 
towards the end, where the account of the 
Umayyades is more detailed. Many proper 
names and passages are written in the 
Samaritan character. 



Scribe :' 

For other MSS., see Vilmar's Prolegomena ; 
Nicoll, p. 4, no. vii., art. 2 ; and Zotenberg, 
Catalogue des MSS. Hebreux, Fonds Sama- 
ritain, no. 10. The principal source of Abul- 
Fath, the Tolideh, has been published in 
Hebrew, with a French translation by Ad. 
Neubauer, Journal Asiatique, 6 9 serie, tome 
14, pp. 386470. 

54. 

Or. 1447. Foil. 89 ; 8$ in. by 6 ; 20 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi ; dated 
20 Jumada, A.H. 1285 (A.D. 1868). 

Another copy of the chronicle of Abu'l- 
Fath, in substantial agreement with the 
preceding : 

Copyist : 



55. 

Or. 2691. Foil. 43; 7f in. by 5 ; from 15 
to 20 lines ; written in cursive Neskhi, about 
A.H. 1201 (A.D. 1787). 

A collection of dogmatical treatises in 
verse and in prose, in exposition and defence 
of the Samaritan creed, by Ibrahim al-'Ayya 
al-Samiri B. Ya'kub al-Danafi al-Marjani, to 
which is prefixed this title : 



This is apparently the author's autograph. 
3is full name appears in the colophon, 
fol. 27a, as follows : C ^U\ \li\ ^^ ****\ 
; J\ ijLJi^ i_J^a*>. u )\, and in the latter 
aortion of the MS., which is by a later hand, 
16 is designated, fol. 32&, as 



The contents are as follows : 

I. Foil. 1 8. A versified treatise in 
defence of the Samaritan belief as to God's 
unity against philosophers. 

Beg. yjLxJI jU J* 



The gist of the tract is found in these 
lines, fol. 5 : 



and the date of composition, A.H. 1199, is 
conveyed by a chronogram in the last verse. 



The verses rhyme, but do not scan by any 
known metre. 

II. Foil. 9 11. Another versified tract, 
in defence of the Samaritan creed, protesting 
against the alleged worship of the golden 
calf. 



Beg. 



J-s- 



The date of composition, A.H. 1196, and 
the author's name, are found in the last line : 



The author adds, in the colophon, that he 
was then sixty-seven years of age. 



MOHAMMEDAN LITERATURE. 



37 



III. Foil. 116 16. Another versified tract 
on the same subject : 



Beg. 



The date of composition, expressed by 
a chronogram at the end, is A.H. 1198. 

IV. Foil. 166 29. A treatise on resur- 
rection and the day of judgment, consisting 
of texts from the Pentateuch, accompanied 
by the author's comments. 

It is thus described by the author : 



It is written in two columns, one on the 
right containing the scriptural texts in Arabic, 
the other, the author's comments. On the 
first two pages, the original text has been 
added by a later hand in the Samaritan 



character. The tract was completed, as 
stated at the end, on Sunday, 13 Rabi* L, 
A.H. 1199. 

V. Foil. 29&-30. An account of the plague 
which raged at Nablus A.H. 1201, imperfect 
at the end. 

VI. Foil. 3237. Canticles and hymns 
by the same Ibrahim al-'Ayya, >-j 

*A\ yJ 



Beg. 



This section was written, A.H. 1292, by 
Amm, son of Ya'kub, son of Chalabi al- 
Danafi, 



The remaining folios contain some verses 
by the same Amln, and by his brother Chelebi, 

fV J T 



MOHAMMEDAN LITERATURE. 



THE GORAN. 

56. 



Or. 2165. Foil. 121 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 24 lines, 
7-^ in. long ; written in Kufi, on stout vellum, 
probably in the 8th century. 

A considerable portion of the Koran, about 
two-thirds of the whole, consisting of three 
series of consecutive leaves as follows : 

Foil. 1 14, beginning, 
jj *fc Sili; ending, 



A\ Jolia-.)\. (Surah vii., v 
Surah ix., v. 96). 

Foil. 15 113, beginning, OU j 
f j^\ ; ending, ^^-^ !yyo. ^ U, ttt\ ^ 
(Surah x., v. 9 Surah xxxix., v. 48). 

Foil. 114121, beginning, \jJJ UI 
ii ; ending, ^ >_**& 



40 



^jjii- l^jj. (Surah xl., v. 63 Surah 
v. 71). 



xliii., 



38 



MOHAMMEDAN LITERATURE. 



There are, apparently, two leaves wanting 
between the first fragment and the second, 
and three between the second and the 
third. 

The character is thick, bold, and very un- 
like the stiff and conventional Kufi of most 
early Gorans, being written with a free hand, 
and, as it were, currente calamo. The dia- 
critical marks are very sparely used ; they 
have the shape of short horizontal lines, 
which for o and <^> are placed vertically, 
one above the other, and for (__ in one 
horizontal row. 

Two vertical rows of three such lines in 
close juxtaposition are used to divide the 
verses. The ' hastae ' are so tall as to reach, 
and even to cross the upper line. They have, 
for the most part, a slight leaning to the 
right. The final ,. and _ have no down- 
ward stroke, while j, which never appears 
dotted, is distinguished, when final, by a 
long hook-like appendage. The final ^ is 
turned backwards, and frequently lengthened 
into a straight sweep, underlining the pre- 
ceding words. 

A notable feature of the spelling is the 
systematic absence of the Alif of prolonga- 
tion. We find, for instance, O^ll for c^j-Oll, 
Jj' for J\S, *jo,ij for sUoMi, etc. There is no 
trace of vowel-points, or of any orthographical 
sign. 

The Surahs were originally without titles, 
their beginning being only marked by a 
wider space between the lines. Titles have 
been subsequently added in a smaller Kufi 
character, apparently of the 9th century, and 
in red ink. 

A facsimile of fol. 77a, and a detailed 
statement of the peculiarities of the writing, 
will be found in the Oriental Series of the 
Palseographical Society, pi. lix. 



57. 

Or. 1396. Foil. 7 ; 111 i n . j n height by 15 
in width ; 7 lines, 9-| in. long ; written on 
vellum, in large and thick Kufi, with vowels. 

[SiR WM. OUSELEY.] 

A fragment of the Goran, containing verses 
4 19 of Surah xxxiii. 

There are, on an average, no more than a 
dozen letters in each line. The first page 
contains only the following : 



There are no diacritical points whatever ; 
but vowels are frequently added in the shape 
of large round dots in red ink. Double dots 
express Tanwin. 

Similar dots, of green colour, are used 
occasionally for the hamzah, to express the 
diphthong as in 'i^, and for the optional 
Dammah in the last syllable of edc. The 
Alif of prolongation is left out in >f-\i, 

*>-jj\, ,^, v^> ($->&* (a^f^ I an( l some 
other words, but it occurs in a few cases. 

The final Mims have a very short horizontal 
tail. The detached Alif s end in a long curve 
stretching to the right, and ending in a point. 
The final Nuns are brought down in a long 
vertical line, ending with a sharp and short 
turn to the left. 

The verses are not divided, but there are 
gilt dots at the end of verses 5 and 15, and 
a larger illuminated circle at the end of 
verse 10. 

This, and the next following Kufi fragments, 
are noticed in Sir Wm. Ouseley's Catalogue 
of MS. works, nos. 596601. 

58. 

Or. 1397. Foil. 37 ; 8 in. high by 12 in 
width. [SiE WM. OUSELEY.] 



GORAN. 



39 



I. Foil. 132; 11 lines, 9 in. long; written 
in a neat Kufi character, on vellum, probably 
in the 10th century. 

Detached leaves containing the following 
portions of the Goran : vii. 1 15, 28 33, 
103116, 132138; xvi. 2734, 7883; 
xx. 108130 ; xxvi. 1043, 126146, 
165205; xxviii. 815, 4551; xxix. 
17 25 ; xxxi. 20 34 ; xxxii. 15 xxxiii. 1 ; 
xxxiii. 613; xl. 6977; xlii. 2432; 
liii. 33 liv. 5 ; Ix. 14 ; Ixxvii. 31- 
Ixxviii. 7; Ixxxii. 8 Ixxxiii. 12 ; Ixxxiii. 34 
Ixxxiv. 21; cii. 4 civ. 9. 

The text is fully supplied with diacritical 
points in the shape of thin oblique lines, and 
with vowels marked by red dots. Green dots 
stand for the Hamzah. The verses are 
divided by three gold dots, forming a tri- 
angle. The end of every fifth verse is 
marked by a golden t ; that of every tenth 
verse, by a golden circle enclosing the 
number of preceding verses. The titles of 
the Surahs are written in gold, within orna- 
mental borders. The first page, and fol. 33a, 
are filled with elaborate geometrical patterns 
in gold and colours. 

II. Foil. 3437 ; 13 lines, IQi in. long ; 
written in Kufi, on vellum, probably in the 
9th century. 

Four detached leaves of a similar Goran, 
containing : xiv. 23 30 ; xv. 33 52 ; xvi. 
3441, and 7178. 

There are very few diacritical lines, but 
the vowels are all marked by red dots, and 
the Hamzah by two dots of the same colour. 
Some letters, like >, Lf0 , td), are stretched 
out to an inordinate length, so that a single 
word like cJJ J/, fills more than half the line. 

59. 

Or. 1398. Foil. 19; consisting of two Kufi 
fragments, on vellum, of slightly different 
sizes. [SiE WM. OTTSELEY.] 



with 



I. Foil. 110; 7} in. high by lOiu width; 
7 lines, 7f in. long; of the 9th or 10th 

century. 

It contains Surah, v. 1 15, beginning 
&j>. U jTrf i)\ o \ pj*, and ending with 
|LJTj . It has hardly any diacritical 
lines, but nearly all the vowels are marked by 
red dots. A green dot is used for Jazm, and 
a double red dot for Hamzah. The letters 
is, ^x and <JLl, have an excessive length ; so 
that the first five letters of Ijjls^'j [\jjM**\i] 
fill an entire line. The Alifs of prolongation 
are mpstly absent. The verses are divided 
by gilt roses, and there is at the end of 
verse 12, a more elaborate circular ornament, 
with the word^^fr in gold. 

II. Foil. 1119 ; 6} in. high by 9J in 
width ; 7 lines, 7 in. long ; similar to the 
preceding, and written about the same time. 

It contains Surah xxxiv. 21-22, 24 47. 
It has all the diacritical lines, but apparently 
by a later hand, and red dots for vowels. 
A green dot is used for the optional Dammah 
on the i of $$&, and also for Imalah in *V. 



60. 

Or. 1399. Foil. 41 ; various vellum frag- 
ments of Kufi Gorans of different sizes. 

[SiE WM. OUSELET.] 

I. Foil. 114; 5f in. high by 8f in width; 
15 lines, 6f in. long; "written in small and 
neat Kufi, and containing : Surah xxxix. 
3242; xl. 5 25, 33 53; xliv. 47 xlv. 7; 
xlvi. 16 xlvii. 34; xlviii. 14 27. It has 
hardly any diacritical lines, but is largely 
supplied with red dots for vowels. Green 
dots are used for Tashdid in jjLe, and for 
Imalah in *l>-, and two red dots for Hamzah. 
The titles of the Surahs are written in gold. 



40 



MOHAMMEDAN LITERATURE. 



and there are marks of a division of the 
Goran into seventh parts, *+ Jt and *^J\ uJ^oJ, 
also in gold in the margin. 

II. Foil. 1520; 5 in. by 8; 8 lines, 
6 in. long ; written in a neat thick Ku6, 
with vowels, and very few diacritical lines, 
containing : Surah xiii. 17 29 ; xiv. 48 
xv. 9. There is a title of Surah in gold, 
with a marginal ornament, fol. 196. 

III. Foil. 2141 ; 5 in. by 7 ; 5 lines, 
5| in. long ; written in fair Kufi, without 
diacritical lines, and with but few vowels, 
containing : Surah ix. 10 'IS, 20 58. 

Hamzah is expressed by a green dot. 
Verses are divided by gilt roses, and at the 
end of every tenth verse is an ornamental 
circle, with the number of the preceding 
verses written inside with gold. 

61. 

Or. 1400. Poll. 37 ; 3f in. high, 6 in. wide ; 

15 lines, 4f in. long ; written on vellum in a 

small and neat Kufi. [SiR WM. OUSELEY.] 

Fragments of the Coran, containing : 

Surah xii. 1727, 3849, 6387 ; xiii. 9 

18 ; xviii. 2853 ; xix. 1291 ; xxi. 18 

49, 71112 ; xxii. 141, 5278 ; xxiii. 23 

-40; xxiv. 414, 2834, 5360; xxv. 

5569 ; xxvi. 40 xxvii. 70. 

The text has but few vowels, marked by 
red dots, and no diacritical marks, except 
such as have been added by a later hand in 
the shape of the modern black points. A 
blue dot is used for Hamzah. 

The verses are divided by gold roses, and 
the end of every tenth verse is marked by an 
ornamented circle. The following titles : 



^ J-*JJV, fol. 33a, are written 
in gold, with a marginal ornament. On the 
margin of fol. 19 is written, also in gold, 



62. 

Or. 1562. Foil. 44 ; 5 in. high by 7f in 
width ; 10 lines, 6 in. long ; written in fair 
thick Kufi, on vellum, probably in the 9th 
century. Bound in Persian stamped leather 
covers. [SiR H. RAWLINSON.] 

Detached leaves of a Kufi Coran, contain- 
ing : Surah iii. 594, 139200, and Surah 
iv. 121, 4446. 

There are very few diacritical marks in 
the shape of thin slanting lines, but a fair 
supply of red dots for vowels. A green dot 
is used for Hamzah. The letters s, (jo and 
^, are drawn to considerable length. The 
end of every tenth verse is marked by a 
circular ornament in gold and colour. The 
following title, also in gold, is found fol. 355, 



Fol. 43a contains the 73rd verse of 
Surah xviii., written in five lines, in a much 
larger Kufi, with borders in gold design at 
top and bottom. Three pages at beginning 
and end, foil. 16, 43&, 44a, are occupied by 
geometrical and flowery designs in gold and 
colours. 

On the first page is written : " Very fine 
specimen of Cufic writing, verses from the 
Koran and prayers, said to be in the hand- 
writing of Imam Zein el Abidein. Bought 
at Isfahan for six Tomans, November 10th, 
1836. H. C. RAWLINSON." 



63. 

Or. 3326. Foil. 285; 10iin.by7J; 18 lines, 
5f in. long ; written on paper in a thick and 
bold character, intermediate between Kufi 
and Neskhi, probably in the llth century. 

[H. A. STERN.] 
The Coran. 
Defects of the original MS. have been 



GORAN. 



41 



supplied at beginning and end by later 
hands. The old writing extends from fol. 5 
to fol. 281. It begins with : yilj CJDJ ^ 
(Surah ii. 63), and ends with : J 
J\AJ>. (Surah Ixxxiii. 17). But there 
is, after fol. 127, a lacuna extending from 
Surah xv. 76 to Surah xvi. 118. 

The writing presents a curious mixture of 
Kufi and Neskhi features. The vowels, 
which are all given, are noted, as in Kufi, by 
red dots, while the diacritical marks, added 
to all pointed letters, inclusive of , appear as 
black dots, as in the Neskhi, with the only 
difference that the three dots of <_ form a 
horizontal line. They are apparently of the 
same ink as the text. Tashdid, Maddah, and 
Hamzah,areof a faint green, and have also the 
shapes usual in Neskhi. A red line, slanting 
from left to right, expresses the diphthong 
in such words as <-Ju^, j*s-, *y. Sometimes it 
assumes the shape of a v. A red mark, in the 
shape a small a, occasionally stands for Jazm. 

The end of every tenth verse is marked by 
a circle enclosing a kind of cross, rudely 
drawn and coloured. Headings in an angular 
Kufi and yellow colour, give the names of 
the Surahs and the number of verses in each, 
the latter being generally less than in Fliigel's 
edition. 

The Sub', or, seventh parts and their 
halves, as well as the Sijdahs, are marked in 
the same character and colour in the margin. 

Fragments of Kufi Gorans on paper are 
noticed by Dorn, Melanges Asiatiques, vol. iv., 
p. 61 ; by Eosen, Notices Sommaires, nos. 26, 
27 ; and by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
nos. 361-2. 

64. 

Or. 1270. Foil. 134 ; 7 in. by 6f ; 27 lines, 
4| in. long ; written on vellum, in a minute 
and neat Maghribi character, with all the 



vowels in red, and orthographical signs in 
blue, about A.D. 1254. 

The Goran. 

The headings of the Surahs are in a con- 
ventional Kufi outlined in black and filled in 
with gold, with tasteful marginal ornaments 
in gold. 

A lower limit for the date of the MS. is 
given by the following record of the birth of 
the owner's son on the eve of Saturday, 
5 Sha'ban, A.H. 652 (A.D. 1254). It is 
written, on the last folio, in gold and orna- 
mental Kufi, within a square border of 



interlaced gold design : 




The word <*/>, written within an illumi- 
nated circle in the margin, marks the end 
of the short sections so called. 

A facsimile of fol. 975 will be found in the 
Oriental Series of the Pala30graphical Society, 
pi. Ixi., with a detailed description of the 

peculiarities of the text. 

65. 

Or. 1401. Foil. 485 ; 20 in. by 15 ; 9 lines, 
101 i n . long ; written in a very large and 
elegant Neskhi, with all the vowels and 
orthographical signs, and richly illuminated, 
apparently in the 14th century. 

The Goran. 

The text of this splendid copy is amply 
provided with vowels and other signs, fixing 
the proper pronunciation. The vowels, the 
superadded Alifs of prolongation, and the ^ 
denoting Idgham are red, the Tashdid and 
Jazm blue, the Hamzah and the signs of 
Wakf in gold. A green dot stands for 
Waslah, and two dots of the same colour 
denote Imalah. 

Q 



42 



GORAN. 



The main division is in four quarters. The 
beginnings of the second, third and fourth, 
are marked by brilliant 'Unwans, the two 
opposite pages being enclosed in a square 
frame of rich design in gold and colours, 
while flowery ornaments cover the interlinear 
spaces. The same was the case with the 
first quarter; but the second page alone is 
left. The first page, which contained the 
Fatihah, is lost. The defect has been sup- 
plied by a somewhat later hand, with a good 
imitation of the old writing, fol. 16, but 
without any ornament. To the same hand 
is due also fol. 3. 

The second quarter begins, fol. 1166, with 
Surat al-A'raf. An inscription in white on 
gold, in the illuminated border, designates 
that point as the end of the first quarter, of 
the second eighth, and of the third quarter 
of the second seventh, and as the beginning 
of the seventh Juz. Similar inscriptions are 
found at the beginning of the third quarter, 
fol. 2355, and of the fourth, fol. 3596. 

Other divisions are frequently marked in 
the margins, viz. Hizbs and their quarters, 
and the tenth parts of the Goran in blue. 
The Juz and the Sub', or seventh parts, and 
their subdivisions are indicated, as well as 
the end of groups of ten verses, by marginal 
ornaments. Verses are divided by gold 
roses or interlaced circles, and at the end 
of every fifth verse is the word u-^- in gold. 
The titles of the Surahs, including the dis- 
tinction between the Meccan and Medinese, 
are written in white on rich borders of gold 
and colours. The number of words and 
letters contained in each Surah is written in 
blue and gold in the margin. 

The last three pages, foil. 4846-4856, con- 
taining the Surahs Tabbat, al-Ikhlas and al- 
Falak, have rich illuminated borders. Surat 
al-Nas, which must have faced the third, is 
wanting. 



66. 

Or. 1339. Foil. 48 ; llf in. by 8$ ; 5 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in a large and elegant 
Neskhi, with 'Un wans and gold-ruled margins, 
apparently in the 14th century. 

[SiE CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

Two fragments of a splendid Goran, the 
writing of which is outlined in black and 
filled in with gold, the vowels being of a 
bright blue. They consist of the latter 
halves of the third and of the twenty-third 
Juz, as divided in Fliigel's edition. The 
first, foil, la 256, extends from the 13th to 
the 85th verse of Surah iii. The first page 
contains the following text in three lines, 
enclosed within a richly illuminated border : 



j 

lxT lio\ \jjj w jJyb. The page which faced it, 
and must have contained the beginning of 
the verse similarly framed, is lost. In the 
top and bottom parts of the border is written, 
in ornamental Kufi : ^j^Jl Aj*\ ^ and 

^JL^O t_^ y* ibjjj, which shows that the 
Goran to which the fragments belonged, was 
divided into sixty Juz. 

The fragment ends with these words : 
(jej*b\ *J* pk^\ ^ JASU ylj, the last line of 
the verse being lost. 

The second Juz, foil. 266 48a, begins : 
i.,_jxfJI ^j oU-M tiUjM ^jLa-L-lj (Surah 
xxxvii. 149). There are only three lines in 
each of the first two opposite pages, enclosed 
in an illuminated border, partly damaged, in 
the upper part of which the Juz is designated 
as the 45th 



Some leaves are wanting in the body of 
the Juz. The contents are : Surah xxxvii. 
149158, 171179; Surah xxxviii. 4 25, 
28 88 ; Surah xxxix. 1 17, 20^-22, 
2531. 



GORAN. 



67. 

Or. 2200. Foil. 369; 2 in. by 2$, of 
octagonal shape ; 13 lines, written within a 
gold-ruled circle, in a minute and neat 
Neskhi, with all the vowels ; dated Shiraz, 
the first day of Rajab, A.H. 950 (A.D. 1543). 
Enclosed between two gilt boards of octagonal 
shape. [Presented by CLAUDE ERSKINE.] 

The Goran. 

The first two pages are written on gold 
ground, and enclosed by a richly illuminated 
circular border. The verses are divided by 
gold dots, and the titles of the Surahs are 
also in gold. 

68. 

Or. 1405. Foil. 400 ; 10 in. by 8 ; 17 lines, 
5| in. long ; written in a large and clear 
Maghribi character, with all the vowels, and 
profusely illuminated, dated beginning of 
Ramadan, A.H. 975 (A.D. 1568). 

The Goran. 

The vowels are marked by horizontal lines 
in red ink. A yellow dot is used for Hamzah, 
and a green dot for Waslah. Tashdid and 
Jazm are also green, the latter a complete 
circle. The verses are divided by a knot- 
shaped figure in gold. The margins are 
covered with tasteful and elaborate orna- 
ments in gold and colours, with writing 
indicating a most elaborate division of the 
Goran into every possible fractional part- 
halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, sixths, sevenths, 
eighths, ninths and tenths. There is a 
further division into sixty Juz, and another 
into twenty-seven Tajziyahs, the latter being 
intended for the days of Ramadan, There 
are also ornaments marking groups of five 
and ten verses. 

The titles of the Surahs are written in a 
fancifully ornamented Kufi, in gold, with 
marginal ornaments. 



The original writing begins, fol. 13, with: 
jUJt <->lke. J\ ijkil ^ -& tojuii j (Surah 
ii. 120). The twelve preceding folios have 
been supplied by a modern hand. 

The following colophon is written in an 
elaborate character, white on blue ground, 
and occupies four successive pages, foil. 397/> 
399, enclosed within rich borders : c- 



Ji. 



Maulana Abu Muhammad 'Abd Allah, son 
of Amir al-Muslimin Abu { Abd Allah Mu- 
hammad al-Shaikh al-Sharlf, for whom this 
Goran was written, was the second prince of 
the Sharifi dynasty of Morocco. He reigned 
from A.D. 1556 or 1557 to 1574 (A.H. 9(i4 
982). See G-raberg de Hemso, Specchio 
Geografico, p. 262, and Leon Godard, Des- 
cription et histoire du Maroc, 2 Partie, 
p. 469. 

The last two pages, foil. 3996, 400a, are 
occupied by rich geometrical designs in gold 
and colours. 

69. 

Or. 1209. Foil. 346 ; 6^ in. by 4 ; 13 lines, 

2| in. long ; written on gold-sprinkled paper 

in a small and elegant Neskhi, with all the 

G 2 



44 



CORAN. 



vowels, with broad illuminated borders en- 
closing the first two pages, and gold-ruled 
margins; dated Safar, A.H. 1009 (A.D. 1600). 

[ALEXANDHE JABA.] 
The Goran. 

The verses are separated by gilt circles. 
The divisions called Juz and Hizb, and 
groups of ten verses, are marked with red 
ink in the margins. 

At the end, foil. 3446 346o, is a Persian 
Mesnevi, beginning: U l>.^i-J\i l jj.li^ ti) y>j\ jb, 
containing directions for Fal, or the mode of 
drawing omens from the Goran, with a 
separate 'Unwan. 

70. 

Or. 4101. Foil. 174 ; 4fin. by2f; 21 lines, 
If in. long ; written in neat vocalized Neskhi, 
with gold-ruled margins, apparently in the 
16th century. [BUDGE.] 

The Goran complete. Some leaves at 
beginning and end have been supplied by a 
later hand. 

71. 

Or. 1089. Foil. 382 ; 9| in. by 6 ; 9 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair large fully 
vocalized Neskhi, with red-ruled margins, 
probably in the 36th century. 

[Bequeathed by JOHN NOBLE COLEMAN.] 

The latter half of the Goran, beginning 
with Surat Marvam. 

f 

72. 

Or. 1340. Foil. 539 ; 10in.by6i; 10 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with all 
vowels, with 'Unwans, illuminated headings, 
and gilt margins, apparently in the 16th 
century. [Sm CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The Goran, with an interlinear Persian 



version. See the Persian Catalogue, p. 7a. 
In the titles the distinction between Mecca 
and Medina Surahs is observed. 

73. 

STOWE, Or. 1. Foil. 318; 5f in. by 3f ; 
15 lines, 2 in. long; written in a small and 
neat Turkish Neskhi, with all the vowels, 
with double-page 'Unwan and gold-ruled 
margins, apparently in the 17th century. 
Bound in gilt and stamped leather covers. 

The Goran. 

The verses are divided by gold dots. The 
Juz, Hizbs, and Sijdahs, are marked with 
red ink in the margins. The titles distin- 
guish the Mecca and Medina Surahs. 

On the first page is written : " Ex libris 
Rev. mi Dom. Card. Nigroni." Joannes Fran- 
ciscus Nigronus, whose seal is impressed on 
the same page, was attached to the Propa- 
ganda. He was created Cardinal in 1686, 
and died in 1713. See Guarnacci, Vitae et 
res gestae Pontificum, Romae, 1751, p. 282. 

74. 

Or. 1341. Foil. 280 ; 9} in. by6; 14 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with all 
the vowels, and with a double-page 'Unwan 
and gilt margins, apparently about the close 
of the 17th century. Bound in stamped and 
gilt leather covers. 

[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The Coran ,with an interlinear Persian 
version, and marginal notes also Persian. 
See the Persian Catalogue, p. 8a. Foil. 
27 7a 280 contain prayers to be recited 
after reading the Coran. 

75. 

Or. 1342. Foil. 334 ; 10J in. by 6 ; 12 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with all 



CORAN. 



45 



the vowels ; with a double-page 'Unwan and 
gold-ruled margins ; dated Isfahan, Dul- 
hijjah, A.H. 1113 (A.D. 1702). Bound in 
painted and glazed covers. 

[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 

The Goran, with an interlinear Persian 
version and marginal notes. See the Persian 
Catalogue, p. 8a. 

Copyist : 



76. 

STOWE, Or. 2. A roll of thin paper 12 feet 
long, 3 j in. wide ; written in exceedingly 
minute Neskhi, probably in India, in the 
18th century. 

The Coran. 

The Ayat al-Kursi is written lengthways 
in large letters outlined in red, and filled in 
with the minute writing of the text. Floral 
designs, which alternate with the compart- 
ments into which the Ayat is divided, contain 
also portions of the text. 

77. 

Or. 4102. Foil. 313 ; 6$ in. by 4 ; 15 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in neat vocalized Neskhi, 
with 'Unwan, gilt headings, and gold-ruled 
margins, probably in the 17th century. 

[BUDGE.] 

The Coran complete. At the end is a 
prayer to be recited after finishing the 
lecture. 

Copyist: 



78. 

Or. 4248. Foil. 326 ; 8J- in. by 5J ; 13 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair, fully vocalized 
Neskhi, apparently in the 18th century. 

[BUDGE.] 
The Coran. 



79. 

Or. 4249. Foil. 271 ; 8f in by 5J ; 16 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in large, fully vocalized 
Neskhi, with gold-ruled margins, and a 
broad illuminated border inclosing the first 
two pages ; dated 22 Muharram, A.H. 1249 
(A.D. 1833) ; bound in painted and glazed 
covers. [BUDGE.] 

The Coran. 

80. 

Or. 4250. Foil. 305 ; 8 in. by 5J ; 15 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in fair vocalized Neskhi, 
with a rather rude double-page 'Unwan and 
gold-ruled margins ; dated A.H. 1287 (A.D. 
1870). [BODGE.] 

The Coran. 
Copyist : 



81. 

Or. 2924. Foil. 239; 9$ in. by 7; from 
10 to 12 lines, 4^ in. long; written in a rude 
African character, probably in the 19th 
century. 

[Presented by GEN. J. H. LEFROT.] 

The first half of the Coran, ending fol. 
233J, with the last verse of Surat al-Kahf, 
or chapter xviii. There is, after fol. 37, a 
lacuna extending from Surah ii. 284, to the 
beginning of Surah iv. The vowels, ortho- 
graphical signs, and Alifs of prolongation 
omitted in the text, are added throughout in 
red ink. The sections called Hizb, and their 
quarters, are marked in the margins. 

At the end is written : OxJ.l 






O s 

^ 

o^ 



V> w ith si* more lines in an African 

J 

language. 



46 



VARIOUS READINGS AND ORTHOGRAPHY OF THE GORAN. 



Foil. 234 239a contain a short life of 
Muhammad in Rajaz verse, without author's 
name, beginning : 



The title in the superscription is : 
^liir' Lffj\ ^i" 5 f& (j) and in the prologue, 

PI OOfl/, l"--fcjl ' A U * \ *\\ '* " 

tOIi Zo\)0 : ,UaC*^ *flj..3l ^li*^ (j ,1-aJj)' S.J. 

The last section extant relates to the Hijrah, 
the expeditions and pilgrimages of Muham- 
mad. Of the next-following section, ^U-j 

(jila.^ (.5^ ?rU^' the heading alone is extant. 

Appended is a letter of the donor, stating 
that the MS. came from Senne Gambia. 



VARIOUS READINGS AND 
ORTHOGRAPHY OF THE CORAN. 

82. 

Or. 4257. Foil. 110 ; 7$ in. by 5 ; about 
25 lines, 4J in. long ; written in an angular 
and imperfectly pointed Neskhi ; dated Tus- 
tar, Khuzistiln, Saturday, nine nights re- 
maining of Shawwal, A.H. 561 (A.D. 1166). 

[BUDGE.] 

A work treating of the various readings 
of the seven recognised Goran - readers, 
imperfect at the beginning, and without 
author's name. 

It deals exclusively with those words or 
passages in which the variants occur, the 
text being mostly introduced by the words 



After stating the various readings and their 
authorities, the author discusses their bearing 
upon the grammatical construction and the 
sense of the passage, adding some arguments 
for or against each. He quotes, at some 
length, the conflicting opinions of the early 



grammarians, and occasionally introduces a 
poetical quotation. He no w and then addresses 
his reader in the second person, as in this 
passage: 



The author appears to have lived about 
the close of the fourth century of the Hijrah. 
He frequently quotes Ibn Mujahid (Abu Bakr 
Ahmad B. Musa, who died A.H. 324; v. 
Fihrist, p. 31, and De Slane, Ibn Khallikan, 
vol. i., p. 27) ; and the following passage, 
fol. 1056, shows that he received information 
from him through the medium of one 
traditionist : +- - *^ * ~J^ Jli' 



iUJ 



JvS \j$\ 



In another place, fol. 106, he quotes a 
verse as recited to him by Abu'l-Kasim al- 
Amidi (al-Hasan B. Bishr, who died in 
Basrah, A.H. 370 or 371; v. Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 748, note b). 

The first Coranic text extant is from Surat 
al-Bakarah, v. 113, and the commentary 
upon it begins as follows: J i" "Jj ,Jlx> aJ^' 



u 



J-J 



* 



** 



The commentary on Surat Al 'Imran, 
fol. 105, begins: 1JI JW>' Jy j 



VARIOUS READINGS AND ORTHOGRAPHY OF THE GORAN. 



17 



flail- 



The last passage discussed is from Surat 
Tabbat, v. 4, and the commentary concludes 
with these words: if* J\U J* 2U- 



\jifi 



(j U 



At the end of most Surahs is a separate 
section, with the heading UL>\ UN, treating of 
the pronunciation of the final yti's occurring 
in them. 

There is no means of identifying the work 
with any of the similar treatises written at 
the same period, and enumerated in the 
Berlin Catalogue, p. 244ft. 

The MS. has some gaps, and is in a state 
of great confusion. The following table 
shows in what order the leaves should be 
taken : 

Surah ii. 113 Surah iii. 27, foil. 95106. 

Surah v. 1 Surah xvi. Ill, foil. 7074, 
2528, 5369, 4152. 

Surah xvii. 95 Surah cxiv., foil. 5, 75-76, 
1012,69,14, 1324, 7986,2940, 
8794, 77-78, 107110. 

Copyist : ^ 



83. 

Or. 3066. Foil. 66 ; 7 in. by 5 ; 15 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Saturday, 19 Safar, A.H. 872 (A.D. 1467). 

[KEEMBE, no. 73.] 



A treatise on the orthography of the 
Goran, by Abu 'Amr 'TJthman B. Sa'id B. 
'Uthman al-Mukri al-Dani, who was born 



A.H. 371, and died in Denia, A.H. 444. 
See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 694 ; Assila, 
ed. Codera, p. 398, and Ta'rikh al-Jslam, 
Or. 49, fol. 2046. 



r->- 



On the first page is written the following 
title, by the same hand as the text : 



JU3 t& 

The contents agree with the analysis of 
S. de Sacy, Notices et Extraits, vol. viii., 
pp. 290332, and with the table of chapters 
given by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 419. 

Copyist : J>jV\ <_i-,^ ^ J* ^ ^^ 

On the last leaf, fol. 666, is a notice of 
the author, chiefly after Ibn Bashkuwal, at 
the end of which the leading dates are given 
in al-Dani's own words : OjJj j^e- j>\ JIS 



Olx> Mi 



In the date of the author's death, added at 
the end, the medial figure is partly obliterated, 
which accounts for Kremer's reading it 454 
instead of 444. 

For other copies see the Leyden Catalogue, 
vol. iv., p. 6 ; the Vienna Catalogue, vol. iii., 
p. 59 ; and De Slane's Paris Catalogue, 
no. 593. Compare Haj. Khal., vol. vi., 
p. 95 ; Suyuti, Itkan, pp. 16, 858 ; and 
Noldeke, Geschichte des Qorans, p. 243. 



48 



VARIOUS READINGS AND ORTHOGRAPHY OF THE GORAN. 



84. 



Or. 3068. Foil. Ill ; 8J in. by 6; 17 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, dated 
19 Safar, A.H. 1008 (A.D. 1599). 

[KEEMEE, no. 76.] 

A treatise of the same Abu 'Amr 'Uthman 
B. Sa'Id al-Dani on the various readings of 
the seven early Goran-readers, with this 



title: 



\\JA\ 



See the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 696, 716, 
and 3786. 



Beg. pUttb J,U\ (.\jjJb ajutt /ti cxji J\S 

This copy does not contain the author's 
name. At the end, fol. 109, is found an 
additional chapter on the Takbir : j>. > L_A> 
ju/ ^\ i\ji J jifi&yt (v. Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 582). 

Copyist : ^ &\ v_>~ 



For other copies see Casiri, vol. i., p. 504; 
the Bodleian Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 87a; the 
Khedive's Library, vol. i., pp. 34, 40, 43 ; 
Pertsch, no. 550 ; Loth, no. 41 ; Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, nos. 579 589 ; Brill's 
Catalogue, 1886, no. 319; and Rosen, Mar- 
sigli Collection, no. 56. Compare Nb'ldeke, 
Geschichte des Qorans, p. 336. 

85. 

Or. 4015. Foil. 112 ; 5 in. by 3 ; 15 lines, 
2f in. long; written in fair Neskhi, probably 
in the fourteenth century. 

[GLASEE, no. 313.] 

Various readings of the seven recognised 
Goran-readers, viz. Nan', Ibn Kathlr, Abu 
'Amr, Ibn 'Amir, 'Asim, Hamzah and al- 
Kisa'i, imperfect at beginning and end. 

The author is only designated by his 
Nisbah Abu 'Ali in the words 



which his personal remarks are introduced. 
By this is probably meant Abu 'Ali al-Hasan 
B. 'Ali B. Ibrahim B. Yazdad B. Hurmuz 
al-Ahwazi, who enjoyed as Goran-reader the 
highest authority in his time. He was born 
A.H. 362, settled in Damascus A.H. 391, 
and died there in Dulhijjah, A.H. 446. See 
Tarikh al-Islam, Or. 49, fol. 210, and 
Hammer, Literaturgesch, vol. vi., p. 210. 

The present work is apparently one of the 
following three mentioned by Haji Khal, viz. 
,j _U$\, vol. i., p. 510 ; 
j, vol. vi., p, 35 ; and o 
ib. p. 250. 

The author follows the order of the Goran, 
mentioning briefly the words which are 
differently read. The MS. begins with Surat 
al-Bakarah, v. 55, as follows : 



Surat Al 'Imran begins, fol. 96, as follows : 



*9 -^ibi) CJJ 3^ 

The MS. breaks off after the first line of 
Surat al-Tarik (chapter Ixxxvi). 

86. 

Or. 3069. Foil. 44 ; 10 in. by 6 ; 25 lines, 
4| in. long ; written in a cursive, but bold 
and distinct Neskhi, towards the end of the 
14th century. [KREMER, no. 77.] 

A treatise on the various readings of the 
ten canonical Coran-readers, by Abu'l-'Izz 
Muhammad B. al-Husain B. 'Ali B. Bundar 
al-Mukri al-Kalanisi al-Wasiti, with this title 
written by the same hand as the text : ^c 

J 



VARIOUS READINGS AND ORTHOGRAPHY OF THE GORAN. 



49 



iM J\ 



ASJ IJA .... 



The author, who was called, ' par excellence,' 
the Mukri, or Cor an -reader, of Irak, died 
A.H. 521, at the age of eighty-five. See al- 
'Ibar, Or. 3006, fol. 264 ; Subki, Add. 23,361, 
fol. 57a ; and Haj-Khal, vol. i., p. 252. 
The contents of the work have been stated 
by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, nos. 654-55. 
See also Nb'ldeke Geschichte des Qoran's, 
p. 339. A copy is mentioned, without title 
or author, in the Gotha Catalogue, no. 549. 
At the end, fol. 42a, is a Sama' written by 
the same hand as the text, and stating that 
the work had been read in Cairo before 
Tarjuman al-Dm Ibrahim B. Ahmad B. 'Abd 
al-Wahid al-Shami al-Ba'li al-Shafi'i (an 
eminent Goran-reader known as Ibn 'Alawan, 
who died in Cairo, A.H. 800; Durar, Or. 
3043, fol. 2a, and Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 1036), 
in two sittings, the latter of which took 
place on the 29th of Dulka'dah, A.H. 793 
(A.D. 1391). 

At the end, foil. 426 44, is a metrical 
treatise on the articulation of letters -jli* 

beginning : 



**" 



87. 



Or. 2810. Foil. 64; 10 in. by 6f ; 13 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fine Neskhi with all 
the vowels, with red-ruled margins, illumi- 
nated titles and gold headings ; dated (fol. 
506) Tuesday, 3 Dulka'dah, A.H. 737 (A.D. 
1337). [GHANDOUR BEY.] 



I. Foil. 2 50. A metrical treatise on the 
seven readings of the Goran, founded on the 
Taisir of al-Dani (no. 84), and entitled, Hirz 
al-Amani, but better known as al-Shfitibiyyah, 
by al-Kasim B. Flrruh (Fierro) B. Khalaf al- 
Shatibi, who died A.H. 590). See the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 726, and Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 
52, fol. 666. 

Beg. ^ iJ ^ 5M yl 



On the first page is written the following 
inscription in white, upon a richly illuminated 
ground in blue and gold : sjjuaa3\ ** t 



Ut 



Copyist : ^b uJ 



For other copies see the Khedive's Library, 
vol. i., p. 35, vol. vii., p. 348, Loth, no. 43, 
and the Catalogues of Munich, no. 101, Bonn, 
no. 35, Gotha, no. 551, Paris, no. 609, 
Marsigli, no. 59, Brill, 1886, no. 321, and 
Berlin, no. 594. Compare Noldeke, Gesch. 
des Qorans, p. 338. 

II. Foil. 51 64. A metrical treatise on 
the proper orthography of the Goran, known 
as 'Akilat al-Atrab, or al-KasIdat al-R;Viyyah, 
by the same author. See the Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 73. 

Beg. 



50 



VARIOUS READINGS AND ORTHOGRAPHY OF THE CORAN. 



On the preceding page is written the 
following title in gold, on a back ground of 

flowery design in red : ,j joloSM <>\j>\ LLHc- 



t_al- 






For the contents see Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 487 ; S. de Sacy, Memoires 
de 1'Academie des Inscriptions, vol. v., and 
Notices et Extraits, vol. viii., p. 333. For 
other copies see the Bodleian Catalogue, 
vol. ii., p. 1991; the Vienna Catalogue, vol. iii., 
p. 68 ; Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, no. 555, 2 ; 
and Brill's Catalogue, 1886, no. 324. 



88. 

Or. 3774. Foil. 65 ; 6J in. by 5 ; from 13 
to 15 lines, about 4 in. long ; written in 
coarse, but distinct, Neskhi, with all the 
vowels; dated (fol. 495) 26 Dulka'dah, 
A.H. 904 (A.D. 1499). [GLASEE, no. 58.] 

The same two metrical treatises as in the 
preceding MS., viz. : 

I. Foil. 3 49. Hirz al-Amiini, with the 
following title : s^-j 



II. 

The 
ceding 



Foil. 50 63. 'AkllatAtrabal-Kasa'id. 
title is written at the end of the pre- 
treatise as follows : 






MP 



Copyist : 



89. 

Or. 4252. Foil. 90 ; 8 in. by 5| ; 21 lines, 
4 in. long; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Monday, 9 Shawwal, A.H. 1220 (A.D. 1805). 

[BUDGE.] 



A commentary upon 'Akilat al-Atrab 
(no. 87, II.). 

Beg. 



The commentator, whose name is not 
found in the MS., is 'Alam al-Dm Abu 
'1-Hasan 'AH B. Muh. B. 'Abd al-Samad al- 
Sakhawi, who died A.H. 643. See Haj. 
Khal., vol. iv., p. 244, and De Sacy, Notices 
et Extraits, vol. viii., p. 336. 

For other copies see the Vienna Catalogue, 
no. 1634 ; Berlin, no. 495 ; Paris, no. 610 ; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 47. 

Copyist : jd 



90. 

Or. 3071. Foil'. 76 ; 7 in. by 5J ; 15 lines, 
4|- in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
15 Rabi' II., A.H. 861 (A.D. 1457). 

[KEEMEE, no. 79.] 

A treatise on the peculiar lessons of the 
last three of the ten canonical Goran-readers, 
by Sadakah B. Salam B. Husain al-Masharani 
(from Mashara, a village near Damascus) 
al-Darlr. 



VARIOUS READINGS AND ORTHOGRAPHY OF THE GORAN. 



51 



On the first page is written the following 
title by the same hand as the text : L_>\^ 



uo 



The author gives his name more fully at 



the beginning : 



He states further that, after reading the 
Goran according to the ten versions, travel- 
ling to Baghdad and Egypt, and studying 
under the Shaikhs of the former city, Cairo, 
and Damascus, he determined to compile in 
a special work the various readings of three 
of the ten Coran-readers. He extracted 
them from Kitab al-Irshad (see no. 86), 
his main authority, and made some additions, 
derived chiefly from al-Mustanir. The three 
readers above mentioned are then enumerated, 
together with their disciples. They are 

1. Abu Ja'far Yazld B. al-Ka'ka' al-Madani, 
who died (as added in the margin) A.H. 130. 

2. Ya'kub B. Ishak al-Hadrami al-Basri, 
who died A.H. 205. 3. Khalaf B. Hisham 
al-Bazzar, who died A.H. 229. (See Noldeke, 
Geschichte des Qorans, pp. 289 91, nos. 1, 
10 and 9). 

In a notice abridged from Kitab al-Nashr 
(v. Berlin Catalogue, no. 657), and written 
on the first page of the MS, it is stated 
that al-Mustanir oiyiJl ^J ..).j: M \\ f is the 
work of Abu Tahir Ahmad B. 'Ali B. 
'Abdallah B. 'Umar B. Siwar al-Baghdadi, 
who died in Baghdad A.H. 496 (v. al-'Ibar, 
Or. 3006, fol. 250a, and Haj. Khal, vol. v., 
p. 526). 

The author states, fol. 2a, that he had 
read the works above-mentioned in Cairo, 



A.H. 784, before Shams al-Din Muh. B. 
Ahmad al-'Askalani, Imam of Jfirai' Tulun 
(who died A.H. 793, Durar al-Kaminah, 
Or. 3044, fol. 57, and Inba al-Ghumr, 
fol. 78). He wrote the present work some 
time before A.H. 816, but was still alive in 
that year ; for the present MS. was collated, 
as stated at the end, with a copy which had 
been read before him at that date, and bore 
his autograph. 

Contents : General remarks beginning with, 
'siULu^l _>\j, fol. 2b. Various readings in 
the order of the Surahs, beginning: u.b 
jjiuJl i jy cJjjii (_>i/, foil. 19a 73a. 

Two short pieces are appended, viz. 1. A 
chapter in verse on the anomalies connected 
with the letters Hamzah in Coranic spelling, 
("iP 1 (J o-^i^ (J- j*& u* r j~ ^ ^V> ascribed 
to Muh. B. Muh. B. Muh.""al-Jazari, foil. 746 
75a. 2. Extracts from al-Nashr, by the 
same author (Berlin Catalogue, no. 657), 
fol. 76a-6. 



91. 

Or. 3072. Foil. 26 ; 6J- in. by 4f ; 15 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in plain, thick Neskhi, 
apparently in the 15th century. 

[KREMEE, no. 80.] 

A treatise against the use of anomalous 
readings of the Goran, namely, of such as 
are not sanctioned by any of the ten recog- 
nised Coran-readers, by Muhammad B. Muh. 
B. Muh. al-Nuwairi al-Maliki, with the fol- 
lowing title, written by the copyist : Jyi]\ 

L j\il 



Beg. 



laa>. 



JJ 



Shams al-Din Muh. al-Nuwairi, as he is 
called in the colophon, was born A.H. 801, 
and died A.H. 857. He wrote a commentary 
H 2 



52 



PRONUNCIATION OF THE CORAN. 



upon Tayyibat al-Nashr, which he completed 
A.H. 832. See Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 173, 
and the Berlin Catalogue, no. 660. 

The present tract contains the following 
five Fusuls : J Jp 

}!j y& U ili.J) ^J ti 



The MS. is stated at the end to be a 
transcript of the author's original MS. 

See the definition of Shad by Suyuti, 
Itkan, p. 182. Works on that subject are 
mentioned by Noldeke, Gesch. des Qorans, 
p. 340, and by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
p. 246&. 



PRONUNCIATION OF THE 
CORAN. 

92. 

Or. 3067. Foil. 67 ; 7 in. by 5 ; 17 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, apparently 
in the 15th century. 

[KREMEE, no. 75, 1. and II.] 

I. Foil. 137. JM jj+s. ^ f \*&\ <_>\jS 

A treatise on the Idgham, by Abu 'Amr 
al-Dani (v. no. 83). 



&JJ 



The scope of the work is set forth as 
follows : &1M 



The Idgham al-Kabir is the coalescence in 
pronunciation of two identical or similar 
letters, the first of which had originally a 
vowel. Abu 'Amr B. al-'Ala is the Imam 
who especially attended to that subject, and 
whose rules are expounded in the present 
work. See al- Suyuti, Itkan, p. 221, and 
S. de Sacy, Notices et Extraits, vol. viii., 
p. 318. 

The first of several Riwayats stated, fol. 2, 
ascends from al-Dani to Ibn al-'Ala, through 
the following five links : 

1. Muhammad B. Ahmad B. 'Ali B. al- 
Husain al-Baghdadi. 

2. Ahmad B. Musa B. al-' Abbas B. Mu- 
jahid. 

3. Abu'l-Za'ra 'Abd al-Rahman B. 'Abdus. 

4. Abu 'Umar al-Duri. 

5. Al-Yazldi (Yahya B. al-Mubarak, d. 
A.H. 202 ; v. Sam'ani, fol. 599. 

The rubrics are the following : 

Fol 9a. 

Fol. 



Fol. 23a. 
Fol. 



Fol. 28a. 



For works on the same subject see Haj. 
Khal., vol. v., p. 36, and Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, nos. 553, 557. 

II. Foil. 38 67. A treatise on the read- 
ings of the Coranic text which are peculiar 
to Abu 'Amr B. al-'Ala (see art. i.), extracted 
by Shams al-DIn Muh. B. 'Ali B. Abi 



PRONUNCIATION OF THE GORAN. 



53 



'1-Kiisim B. Abi 'l-'Aziz al-Warrak al-Mausili, 
from the Taisir of Abu 'Amr al-Dani (see 
above, no. 84). 

On the first page is the following title, in 
the handwriting of the copyist : j-iV 



*fl5 



Beg. 



bli/ 



kaJJb 



The author appears to have lived in the 
seventh century of the Hijrah. The work 
of al-Dani came down to him through a 
chain of five teachers, who are enumerated 
in an ascending line as follows : 1. Majd al- 
Din Abu Ahmad 'Abd al-Samad B. Ahmad 
B. 'Abd al-Kadir B. Abi '1- Jaish al-Baghdadi. 
2. Abu '1-Ma'ali Muh. B. Abi '1-Faraj B. 
Ma'ali B. Barakah al-Mausili (who was 
teaching about A.H. 600 ; v. Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 378J, and the Berlin Catalogue, 
p. 226a). 3. Abu Bakr Yahya B. Sa'dun B. 
Tammam al-Azdi al-Kurtubi. 4. Abu 'Ali 
al-Hasan B. Khalaf al-Kairawani, called Ibn 
Balimah. 5. Abu '1-Zawad Mufrij Kati 
Ikbal al-Daulah s.^ JUS\ Jis B. Mujahid. 

After some general remarks on peculiarities 
of spelling, the various readings are given in 
the order of the Surahs. 



93. 

Or. 3881. Foil. 51 ; 9 in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
3^ in. long; written in cursive Neskhi ; 
dated Sunday, 12 Shawwal, A.H. 111 1 .' 
(A.D. 1737). [GLAHER, no. 168u.] 



A commentary upon the Mukaddimat al- 
Jazariyyah, or metrical treatise on the correct 
pronunciation of the Goran, by Abu'l-Khair 
Muhammad B. Muh. B. Muh. al-.Tazari (see 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 3786 III). 

Beg. j-ioj . . . . a M J^U. J Jlil\ JJ 

U 



The commentator does not give his name, 
but he calls the author of the text his father. 
His name is Shihab al-Din Abu Bakr Ahmad 
B. Muh. al-Jazari. The father was born in 
Damascus A.H. 751, and died in Shlraz 
A.H. 833. The son, who was born in 
Damascus A.H. 780, lived in Brusa, and 
afterwards in Cairo. The date of his death 
is not known. See for the lives of the father 
and his sons, the Shaka'ik al-Nu'man, foil. 
14 17, and for other copies of the com- 
mentary, Uri, no. 1290 ; Pertsch, Gotha 
Catalogue, no. 563 ; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. i., p. 35, vol. vii., pp. 215, 221 ; and 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 511-12. In 
the first of the above works, the commentary 
is stated to have been composed in Lainnda, 
A.H. 806. 

The commentary includes the entire text, 
written in red ink. At the end is appended 
a chapter on the rules to be observed in 
reading the Goran, foil. 466 51a. It begins : 



A similar appendix is noticed by Ahlwardt, 
no. 513. 



PRONUNCIATION OF THE GORAN. 



94. 

Or. 4150. Foil. 140 ; 8 in. by 5f ; 19 and 
21 lines, from 3 to 3^ in. long; written in 
small, fair Neskhi ; dated (fol. 58) Thursday, 
25 Rajab, A.H. 974, and (fol. 78) A.H. 991, 
(A.D. 156783). 

I. Foil. 1 40. A commentary upon the 
same work, by Tashkupri Zadah. 

Beg. 



The author is not named in the text, but 
in this endorsement : idlj jjy (j&lU ^jU ^i>. 
His full name is 'Isarn al-Din Ahmad B. 
Mustafa, and he is well-known as the author 
of al-Shaka'ik al-Nu'maniyyah. He died 
A.H. 968. See Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 79. 

In his preface, the commentator refers to 
a previous commentary, that of al-Jazari's 
son (no. 93), which he describes as deficient 
in some parts, and redundant in others. 
The text of the poem is included, and dis- 
by a red line drawn over it. 

A copy is noticed in the Khedivial Library, 
vol. i., p. 37. 

II. Foil. 4158. 



Another commentary upon the same work, 
by Zain al-Din Abu Yahya Zakariyya al- 
Ansari al-Shafi'i. 



Beg. 



SUN 



Jl 

The author, Zakariyya B. Muh. al-Ansari 
al-Sunaiki, died A.H. 926. See Haj. Khal., 
ib., and the Arabic Catalogue, p. 769. 



The full title of the commentary is : 
M*LJ\ pZ, j n^^^ ^3^\ . For other 

copies see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 3765 
art. iii. ; the Berlin Catalogue, nos. 516 521 ; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. i., pp. 36, 42, 
44, vol. vii., pp. 213, 495, where it is stated 
that the commentary was written A.H. 883. 

III. Foil. 59 78. An anonymous com- 
mentary upon the same work. 

It has no preface, and begins with the 
first verse of the poem, the explanation of 

which is as follows: *Jyo- ( .f^>. UJ *-*lM U- 

^jjui\ SU^ tiJ/j i i^ (jfr JLaM 
.- 



It is evidently abridged from the commen- 
tary of the author's son (see no. 93). 



IV. Foil. 82140. ^ J 

Wjjii. A very full commentary upon the 
same work, by Muhammad al-Kadifi al- 
Halabi al-Hanafi. 



Beg- 



Jp! 



U! . . . 



J^ 

According to Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 79, 
the author is Radi al-Din Muh. B. Ibrahim 
al-Halabi, called Ibn al-Hanbali, the historian 
of Halab, who died A.H. 971 (v. Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 7706, ad p. 162), and the 
commentary was completed A.H. 941. 

In the preface, the author describes his 
work as compiled from three previous com- 
mentaries, namely, 1. al-Hawashi al-Mufah- 
himah (no. 93) ; 2. al-Daka'ik al-Muhak- 
kainah (supra, art. ii.) ; and 3. al-Hawa- 
shi al-Azhariyyah, by Khalid B. 'Abdallah al- 
Azhari (v. Berlin Catalogue, no. 515). He 



PRONUNCIATION OF THE CORAN. 



adds that it is also enriched with original 
comments of his own. 

The commentator had read the Jazariyyah, 
as he states in his preface, with his Shaikh,' 
Shihab al-Dm Ahmad B. Muh. B. Ibrahim 
al-Antaki, whose Riwayat he traces up to the 
author. That Shaikh was, in fact, one of 
the masters of Ibn al-Hanbali, who devotes 
to him a long notice in Durr al-Habab, Add. 
23,976, fol. 196, and states that he died 
A.H. 953. 

The commentary includes the entire text 
of the poem, distinguished by a red line 
drawn over it. 

Copyist (fol. 58) : uDjj. 

95. 

Or. 4253. Foil. 157 ; 8 in. by 5f ; about 20 
lines, 3f in. long ; written in Neskhi, with 
dates ranging from A.H. 1061 to 1092 
(A.D. 16511681). [BUDGE.] 

Foil. 179. Commentary of 'Ali B. 
Sultan Muhammad al-Kari (d. A.H. 1014) 
upon the same treatise, al-Jazariyyah. 

Beg. L*lLa5\ ( J\*J\ 



V J 
J' 



>, u . . . 



For more detail, and other copies, see 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 522; the 
Khedive's Library, vol. vii., p. 426 ; and for 
the commentator's life and works, Khulasat 
al-Athar, vol. iii., p. 185. 

II. Foil. 8097. ^ ^ j ^\ ju)\ 
A metrical treatise on the pronunciation 



60 

of the Coran, by Muhammad [B. Mahmud] 
B. Muh. al-Sharif al-Samarkandi al-Hama- 
dani, with the author's own commentary, 
entitled : jj jd\ jjLJ) wi j o l\ 

r tf ** "^ &<> 

of the Comm. : jii- ^JJI ^ 



The poem, which rhymes in ^, begins : 



JIaji Khal. calls the author Muh. B. Mah- 
mud B. Muh. al-Samarkandi, and mentions 
also another work of his on the pronunciation 
of the Fatihah. See vol. iv., p. 231, and 
p. 545. 

III. Foil. 98111. 



A treatise on the spelling of the copies 
of the Coran sent by 'Uthman to the chief 
Muslim cities, by Muh. B. Mahmud B. Muh. 
al-Kari al-Shlrazi al-Shafi'i. 

Beg. 



The author, having observed how much 
the usual spelling of Corans departed from 
the orthography of 'Uthman's original copy, 
insists upon the duty of strictly keeping to 
the latter. He then sets forth in detail, in 
five and twenty Babs, the special features of 
the archaic spelling. 

IV. Foil. 112122. A commentary by 
Ahmad B. 'Ali, known as al-Makini, upon a 
metrical treatise on the pronunciation of the 
Fatihah, by al-Ja'bari, entitled : ^ 



56 



PRONUNCIATION OF THE GORAN. 



Beg. [y* 



.iS ^1=S ^ LJJoJI 

The poem begins : 



J>J 



The commentary was written by desire of 
the Mufti Shaikh Ibrahim B. Hasan al-Ahsa'i, 
aiid was completed in al-Ahsa, Jumada II., 
A.H. 1041. 

The author of the poem is Burhan al-DIn 
Ibrahim B. 'Umar al-Ja'bari, who died 
A.H. 732. See Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p 416 ; 
the Berlin Catalogue, no. 542 ; and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 35. 



V. Foil. 123140. 



s>\* 



A metrical treatise, Urjiizah, upon doubt- 
ful readings in the Coran, by 'Ali al-Sakhawi. 

Beg. \Ji\5 i> urjUr-N JS 

The author, 'Alam al-Dm Abu '1-Hasan 
'Ali B. Muh. B. 'Abd al-Samad al-Sakhawi, 
wrote also a commentary upon the Shati- 
biyyah, and a Nuniyyah on the pronunciation 
of the Fatihah. He died A.H. 643. See 
Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 495 ; the Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 710 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. i., p. 47. 

The work is alphabetically arranged. 
Under each letter are mentioned parallel, but 
not identical, texts, which may give rise to 
confusion, with references to the Surahs in 
which they occur. 

VI. Foil. 142156. A treatise on the 
correct pronunciation of the Coran, by Mu- 
hammad B. 'Umar B. Khalid al-Kadlni 
al-Falluji, Shaikh al-Islam, in Syria : ^ 



J (. 



[corrected to 



J J\ a^J 

The author treats of the Madd, of which 
five kinds are distinguished, and, fol. 158a, of 
the Idghiim. He says at the end, that he 
followed in this matter the teachings of his 
Shaikh 'Abd al-Samad, &, ^ >W I* ^ 



96. 

Or. 4254. Foil. 135 ; 8J by 5f ; 21 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in small and fair Neskhi ; 
dated Dulka'dah, A.H. 1218 (A.D. 1804). 

[BUDGE.] 

I. Foil. 4 13. A short treatise on the 
correct pronunciation of the Coran, entitled : 



Beg. 



&) 



\L<J 



U)*.- 



al) 



The work treats of Madd, of the articulation 
of letters, of Tajwld, Idgham and Wakf . The 
author, whose name does not appear, quotes 
'Ala al-DIn al-Tarabulusi's commentary upon 
al-Jazari. A copy is noticed, also without 
author's name, in the. Khedive's Library, 
vol. vii., p. 27. 

II. Foil. 1459. c > J *^ m]j\jU\ 
&-jJ\. A commentary by 'Abd al-Da'im B. 
'Ali al-Azhari, upon the Mukaddimah of 
Abu '1-Khair Muh. B. Muh. al-Jazari (see 
no. 93). 



PRONUNCIATION OF THE CORAN. 



57 



U 



The commentary includes the full text, 
written in red ink. The explanation of the 
first Bait begins : j,- 9,Ui J*i 



At the end is an appendix on the rules to 
be observed by the Goran-reader, in the 
discharge of his office. It begins : 



A commentary by Zain al-Din 'Abd al- 
Da'im B. 'All al-Azhari, who died A.H. 870, 
is mentioned by Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 79, 
but without title. Our MS. appears to 
contain another recension of the commentary 
described by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 51 4. It has the same appendix ; but, 
with regard to the beginning of the com- 
mentary proper, it agrees with that of 'Abd 
al-Da'im's pupil, Khalil B. 'Abdallah al- 
Azhari, as given under no. 515. 

III. Foil. 60-61. 'Remarks of Abu '1-Hasan 
'Ali B. Ja'far B. Muh. al-Razi on the pro- 
nunciation of J and y in the Goran. 

Beg. ^j\}\ *+** y 

\4i? y* j^S .. 

IV. Foil. 6277. A treatise upon Tajwld, 
and on the readings of Abu 'Amr, by Abu '1- 
Hasan al-Maliki al-Shadili. 



Beg. 



>- ( _ J ii\ . . . 



Tlie author had compiled, under the above 



title, a work on the seven readings of the 
Goran, based upon the Taisir (of 'Uthm.m 
B. Sa'id al-Dani, d. A.H. 444), and the Kflfi 
(of Isma'Il B. Ahmad al-Sarakhsi al-Hara\vi, 
d. A.H. 414). He extracted from it subse- 
quently the present abridgment confined to 
the reading of Abu 'Amr, as the most 
current in Egypt. It is divided into the 
following seven Pasls : 1. - -*' 

2. ,v.j!^ ; 3. ^^, v_iS^ ; 4. 

5.. it u 
t -* lOJl 



; 7. 



; 6. 



V. Foil. 7889. A catalogue of the 
Surahs, showing where each was revealed, 
in Mecca or Medina, and the number of 
verses and letters in each. 

Beg. ObJ LM> A *ij- Jj **** 



VI. Foil. 89699. A treatise on the 
correct pronunciation of the Goran according 
to the seven readers, without author's name. 

Beg. 



VII. Foil. 100134. A concordance of 
the Goran, showing in what Surahs identical 
or similar groups of words occur, with the 
heading : w ^ j *jlii*N oU j 



Beg. 



It begins with a few verses, and continues 
in prose. 

The transcriber of foil. 4 99 is Muh. 
Amln al-Hafiz B. Mulla 'Abd al-Kadir B. 
al-Haj 'Umar. 

Foil 100 134 have been written by al- 
Haj Abu Bakr, A.H. 1202 (A.D. 1788). 



58 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE COHAN. 



97. 

COMMENTARIES UPON THE 
CORAN. 

Or. 2922. Foil. 127 ; 9f in. by 6| ; 21 lines, 
5J in. long ; written in cursive and irregu- 
lar, but distinct, Neskhi ; dated the 5th of 
Rajab, A.H. 764 (A.D. 1363). 



The second volume of the commentary of 
Abu' 1-Laith al- Samarkand! upon the Goran. 

Abu '1-Laith Nasr B. Muhammad B. Ibra- 
him al-Samarkandi, a Hanafi jurist, died at 
Balkh, in the month of Jumada II., A.H. 
375, as stated in Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 48, 
fol. 1456, and al-Wafi bil-Wafayat, Add. 
23359, fol. 1246. But later dates are 
assigned by other writers to his death, 
namely A.H. 393 by Ibn Kutlubugha, p. 
58, no. 242, and A.H. 383 by Haj. Khal., 
vol. iii., p. 136. 

The MS. is endorsed : ^~iJ y- JISM ^ 
d-oAN \ ; at the end is written: jLs' j-\ 

*U\ t^j L^W ^ yljHNjJUJJ y* JM>\. But 

here the name of the author has been 
obliterated, although still faintly visible, and 
the word i_JlS/ written in its place. The 
text agrees with the extracts from the Tafsir 
of Abu '1-Laith, given by Ahlwardt in the 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 724. 

The volume wants some leaves at the 
beginning. The first words of the text are : 

>& I* \JJ6 



(Surah ix. 35). The com- 
mentary begins as follows : US^ jjLi!\ Jli' 

\JOjj- 'j'flws- ^ Ujjc- JUi 

Jls 



Besides the latter part of Surah ix., the 
volume contains the following Surahs : x. 
fol. 7& ; xi. fol. 23a ; xii. fol. 41a ; xiii. 
fol. 59a ; xiv. fol. 68a ; xv. fol. 756 ; xvi. 
fol. 826; xvii. fol. 99a; and xviii. foil. 
1166 127o. 



Copyist : 

For complete copies of the same commen- 
tary see Casiri, no. 1294, and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. i., p. 50. For detached volumes 
see the Berlin Catalogue, nos. 734 36 and 
824 29, the Ley den Catalogue, vol. iv., p. 17, 
and Aumer, Munich Catalogue, no. 78. 

98. 

Or. 2923. Foil. 198; 8f in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
4Jin. long ; written in rather cursive, but 
fair, Neshki ; dated Damascus, the 3rd of 
Jumada I., A.H. 692 (A.D. 1293). 

The third volume, eJljM && (colophon), 
of the same commentary, beginning as follows : 
^ ^\ \Js 



yi, 

It comprises the following Surahs : xix. 
fol. lb; xx. fol. 136; xxi. fol. 30a ; xxii. 
fol. 45a ; xxiii. fol. 59a ; xxiv. fol. 70a ; xxv. 
fol. 89 (after fol. 91 there is a lacuna extend- 
ing from xxv '. 19, to xxvi. 225); xxvii. fol. 
926; xxviii. fol. 1055; xxix. fol. 1186; 
xxx. fol. 127a ; xxxi. fol. 135a ; xxxii. fol. 
141a ; xxxiii. fol. 1456 ; xxxiv. fol. 1646 ; 
xxxv. fol. 175ft ; xxxvi. fol. 183ft, and 
xxxvii. fol. 1866. 



Copyist: 

Three folios, viz. 156, 157, and 195, have 
been supplied by a later hand. 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



51) 



99. 

Or. 3999. Poll. 66 ; 11 in. by 7f ; fragments 
by various hands, apparently of the 14th 
and 15th centuries. [GLASER, no. 294.] 

I. Foil. 1 54; 83 lines, 5^ in. long; written 
in small, close, very sparely pointed, Neshki. 

Fragment of a commentary upon the 
Goran, without author's name. 

The author is Abu '1-Hasan 'AH B. Ahmad 
B. Muh. al-Wahidi, who died A.H. 468. 
He composed three commentaries upon the 
Goran, respectively called lax-Jl or exten- 
sive, lajujN or medium, and j*--jM or 
abridged. See Ibn Khallikan, De Slane, 
vol. ii., p. 246, Suyuti, De Interpretibus 
Corani, no. 70, and Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 
50, fol. 114. 

Our fragment appears to belong to the 
second, or intermediate commentary. The 
text is fuller than the extracts from al-Wajiz 
given by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 
749, and contains the Isnads quoted by him 
from the Wasit, ib. no. 750. It extends 
from the 30th verse of Surah xxv. to the 
first verse of Surah Ixxiv. ; but there are 
some internal lacunae, and foil. 2 5, 31 35, 
are more or less torn at the bottom. 

Surah xxxii. begins, fol. 10, as follows : 

.,t..,a,!> 



U 



^-, JS Jli' 



A MS. of the Wasit is mentioned by 
Auuaer, Munich Catalogue, no. 79. See also 
the Khedive's Library, vol. L, pp. 59 and 
112. 

II. Fol. 55. The first leaf of an abridg- 
ment of the Kashshaf of al-Zamakhshari by 
'Abdallah B. al-Hadi B. Amir al-Muminin 
Yahya B. Hamzah, with the following title: 



Beg ..... wl 



^ JJ1 



The author lived in the latter half of the 
eighth century A.H. His father al-Hadi 
was the sixth son of Imam al-Muayyad, who 
died A.H. 749. See al-Tarjuman, fol. 166i. 

III. Fol. 5663 ; 25 lines, 5f in. long. 
Fragment of a commentary upon a treatise 
on logic, without author's name. 

It is the commentary of Kutb al-Dln 
Muhammad B. Muh. al-Razi al-Tahtuni 
(d. A.H. 766) upon the Shamsiyyah of Najm 
al-Din 'AH B. 'Umar al-Katibi (d. A.H. 675). 
See Loth, no. 503, Pertsoh, no. 1186, etc. 

The contents correspond with pp. 16 78 
of the Calcutta edition of 1815. The portion 
of the text included extends from paragraph 
3 to the beginning of paragraph 13 of 
Sprenger's edition of the Shamsiyyah. 

Fol. 65 is the first leaf of the second 
vol. of al-Bahr (Or. 4021). Fol. 66 is a 
fragment of a commentary upon a legal 
treatise, relating to the law of marriage. 

i 2 



60 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



100. 

Or. 3065. Foil. 249 ; 9 in. by 6f ; 21 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fine Neskhi, with a 
fair sprinkling of vowels; dated 29 Dulka'dah, 
A.H. 644 (A.D. 1247). 

[KEEMEE, no. 72.] 

-Xojl&l)} t VuJ 

A commentary upon the Goran, by Burhan 
al-Din Taj al-Kurra Mahmud B. Hamzah B. 
Nasr al-Kirmani. 



Beg. js* ^ L 

The author, who died some time after 
A.H. 500, wrote two commentaries upon 
the Goran, one entitled ^UlH <_. >U), ex- 
plaining the entire text, and another called 
t_*>yMj i^U?"', confined to such passages 
as are open to rare and ingenious interpreta- 
tions. The former, the present work, is 
described by Haj. Khal., with the above 
beginning, vol. v.,p. 299, and vol. ii.,p. 377. 
The second is mentioned, ib., vol. ii., p. 338, 
vol. iv., p. 309 and vol. v., p. 115. In the 
first of these three passages, the author is 
blamed for discarding the authentic exegesis 
handed down by the Sahabah, and resorting 
to arbitrary and fanciful interpretations. 
Al-Suyuti, who did not think him worthy of 
a place in his Tabakat al-Mufassirm, mentions 
him as a grammarian, Bughyat al-Wu'at, 
Or. 3042, fol. 199a, and ascribes to him, 
besides the ^x->laj3\ ^W, the following gram- 
matical works: al-Ijaz, abridged from al- 
Idah (H. Kh., vol. i., p. 515); al-Nizami, 
abridged from al-Luma' (ib., vol. v., p. 332) ; 
al-Ifadah (ib., vol. i., p. 370) ; and al-'Unwan 
(ib., vol. iv., p. 275). 

In his Itkan, Calcutta edition, p. 907, the 
same author taxes al-Kirmani with giving in 
his work, t -ol^j c-JU^, reprehensible in- 
terpretations, which none should adopt or 
even mention, except to warn others against 



them. He mentions, however, with praise, 
p. 736, another work of the same author, 
^yiN aol^ ,j U \J^>M. The present volume 
is designated at the end as the first quarter 
of the TafsTr, ^^\ j*-fl-5 ^ Jj^H gj\, and 
on the title-page as Jl^b^-U^ _JjJ ^ Jj^l. 

The title does not appear in the text. In 
a short preamble, the author describes the 
work as follows : ^ <_;\iJ) \ j* <j 






3\ 

The author's name appears at the be- 
ginning of Surah i. as follows ; ^J^\ Jls 



fjf- s&\ ^jOj 
The commentary begins : 



At the beginning of Surah iii., the author 
gives again some information as orally re- 
ceived by him from the same Abu Sahl Muh. 
B. 'Abd al-Rahman B. Abi'1-Fadl al-Naisaburi 
al-Kashghari, who had it from 'Ali al-Wahidi, 
author of JjjJJ^ >-j\~\. The latter, a well- 
known commentator, died A.H. 468 ; see Ibn 
Khallikan, De Slane's translation, vol. ii., 
p. 246. 

The volume contains the following Surahs : 
i. fol. 2a ; ii. fol. 7a ; iii. fol. lOla ; iv. fol. 
156a ; v. fol. 185a ; and vi., fol. 2176. The 
whole text is given in longer or shorter 
passages, and is distinguished from the 
commentary by a larger character. 

Copyist : U~s> ^ ( . 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



101. 

Or. 2977. Foil. 266 ; 8f in. by 6| ; 23 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in cursive, but fair and 
distinct, Neskhi ; probably in the 13th 
century. [H. STERN.] 



The second volume of the commentary of 
al-Husain B. Mas'ud al-Farra al-Baghawi, 
who died A.H. 516 (see the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 61a, 7636; Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, 
no. 524 ; Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 
753) ; the Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 
105, etc.). 

Beg. cJjJ 

4*\3? JIS &i* 

Ji 

The text is distinguished from the com- 
mentary by a larger character. The volume 
is endorsed by a later hand : ^ ,J\5-N ^JA 
t/j*jJJ JjjjjLM |JU*. It contains the follow- 
ing Surahs : vii. fol. 16 ; viii. fol. 436 ; 
ix. fol. 636; x. fol. 107a; xi. fol. 1206; 
xii. fol. 1376 ; xiii. fol. 162a; xiv. fol. 1736; 
xv. fol. 1826 ; xvi. fol. 191a ; xvii. fol. 206a ; 
xviii. foil. 23762666, 

The contents correspond with those of 
the second volume (Jild) of the edition 
lithographed in Bombay, A.H. 1295, pp. 
334563, and with those of no. 758 of the 
Berlin Catalogue. 

Defects of the original MS. have been 
supplied by several hands, viz. foil. 231 254, 
in a handwriting of the 14th century, and 
foil. 1 and 230, 1618, and 255266, by 
several later hands. 

102. 

Or. 4002. Foil. 64; 10 in. by 6; 25 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, probably 
in the 14th century. [GLASEK, no. 297.] 



Another portion of the same commentary, 
imperfect, and slightly damaged at beginning 
and end. The fragment extends from Surali 
xxxvi. 69, to Surah Ixiv. 12. It corresponds 
with the complete copy described in the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 62, Add. 7234, from 
fol. 162a, line 13, to. fol. 238, line 33. 

The commentary on Surah xxxvii. begins, 
fol. 2, as follows : ^-Uc. ^\ J\* ' 



lJ U3J1 J jlil 



103. 

Or. 4255. Foil. 307; 9f in. by 6J ; from 
21 to 23 lines, 5J in. long ; written in large 
and bold Neskhi, with occasional vowels ; 
dated Kuds al-Sharif (Jerusalem), middle of 
Sha'ban, A.H. 715 (A.D. 1315). [Bowm.] 

The last volume of the same work, extend- 
ing from the beginning of Surah xxxix., 
, to the end of the Goran. 



fr b JS 



Beg. ^.J 



The original, somewhat obliterated, title 



s : 



under which is written by a later hand : 



The MS. consists of two nearly equal parts, 
the first of which, ending with Surah Ivii., 
wants a few lines at the end. The second 

begins, fol. 1316, with Surah Iviii., ibU?' 5,^-.. 

104. 

Or. 3371. Foil. 333 ; 10^ in. by 6f ; 25 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in a fine formal Xeskhi, 



G2 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



with all vowels, with gold-ruled margins, 
probably in the 17th century. [JOHN LEE.] 



The first volume of the Kashsbaf of 
Mahmud B. 'Umar al-Zamakhshari (died 
A.H. 538 ; see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 62, 
and Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 769). 

It is designated in the colophon as the 
first of three volumes, v.jU^J) ^ J^\ Jfrf* J 
I^D^ <bj ll} *, and extends from the beginning 

of the Goran to the end of Surah vii. Its 
contents correspond with those of the Cal- 
cutta edition of 1856, vol. i., pp. 2 498. 

The MS. is described in Dr. Lee's Cata- 
logue, p. 7, no. 15. Prefixed is a letter of 
Burggraf to Dr. Lee, dated 'Liege, le 10 
Decbre, 1845.' The writer returns the MS. 
to the latter, and says that he had collated 
it with two copies in the Bibliotheque Royale, 
with a view to the editing of the work. 

105. 

Or. 4256. Foil. 232 ; 9 in. by 4f ; 26 lines, 
3j in. long; written in neat and minute 
Neskhi, apparently in the 15th century. 

[BUDGE.] 

A volume of the same commentary, desig- 
nated on the outer edge and on the fly-leaf 
as the third quarter of the work. 

It extends from the beginning of Surat 
Maryam, to the end of Surat al-Safat (Surahs 
xix. xxxvii.). 

Foil. 214 and 2330 have been supplied 
by a somewhat later hand. 

106. 

Or. 4010. Foil. 300 ; 9f in. by 7| ; 27 lines, 
5J in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, probably 



in the 14th century, with portions supplied 
by a somewhat later hand ; partly damaged 
by damp. [GlASEK, no. 308.] 

The latter half of the same commentary, 
imperfect at beginning and end. 

It contains Surahs xxxi. civ. The com- 
mentary begins : t_*-*lsi? i^HM ^ U\ l^ c-b 
l^lxls- ^j (Calcutta edition, p. 1104, line 21), 
and ends with ^^^ laLc* ^^ ^\ j^agj 
JbUN \ l >\ >UJMJ (ib., p. 1646, line 5). 

107. 

Or. 3914. Foil. 331 ; 11 in. by 8 ; 26 lines, 
5-g- in. long ; written in rather coarse Neskhi ; 
dated Monday, 16 Dulka'dah, A.H. 968 
(A.D. 1561). ' [GrLASEK, no. 208.] 

The third and last volume of a Tafsir 
abridged from the Kashshaf of al-Zamakh- 
shari, with this title : 



Beg. 



&jLJjo 



The author, whose name does not appear, 
is Sayyid 'Abdallah B. al-Hadi B. Amir al- 
Muminln Yahya B. Hamzah, who lived about 
A.H. 800. See above, no. 99, II. 

This volume extends from the beginning of 
Surah xxix., Oj^M S,.->, to the end of the 
Goran. The contents correspond with pages 
10691647 of the Calcutta edition of the 
Kashshaf. 

It was copied at the expense of Fakih 
Sarim al-Din Ibrahim B. Sulaiman B. Sharah 
Allah B. 'Umair al-Dlbani al-Habri. 

Foil. 328 330, written by the same hand, 
contain a prayer to be recited after complet- 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE CORAN. 



63 



ing the reading of the Goran, by 'Izz al-Dln 
Muhammad B. al-Hadi B. Amir al-MQminin, 
apparently a brother of the author of the 
commentary. 

108. 

Or. 3864. Foil. 260; 10 in. by 6; 24 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in a small and distinct 
Neskhi, apparently in Persia, in the 15th or 
16th century. [GLASER, no. 152.] 

A commentary upon the Goran, without 
title or author's name, comprising Surahs 
xix. cxiv. 

Beg. (jrjli j\ b 



v\ J. (J$ ^j** 1 *^ sjj 

It is evidently abridged from the Kashshaf 
of al-Zamakhshari. Dr. Glaser calls the 
author Molla Zada, a name which does not 
appear in the MS. The text of the Goran is 
given verse by verse and written in red ink. 
There are some marginal annotations from 
the Tafslr of Ibn Kathlr (Isma'Il B. 'Umar, 
who died A.H. 774; v. Haj. Khal., vol. ii., 
p. 349). This abridgment differs from the 
preceding, Or. 3914. Prefixed to the volume 
is a notice of the two great commentators, 
al-Zamakhshari and Ibn 'Atiyyah ('Abd al- 
Hakk B. Ghalib al-Gharnati ; v. Meursinge, 
no. 49, and Ahlwardt, no. 800), who died 
A.H. 541 or 542. It is taken from the 
preface of al- Bahr al-Muhit .by Abu Hayyan 
(v. Or. 3863). 

109. 

Or. 4000. Foil. 26; 11 in. by 8; 26 lines, 
6^ in. long ; written in a small and neat, 
but sparsely pointed, Neskhi, apparently in 
the 14th century. [GLASBE, no. 295.] 

Fragment of a Tafsir abridged from al- 
Kashshaf. It extends from the beginning of 
Surat al-Bakarah to v. 63 of the same Surah. 



The contents correspond with those of the 
Calcutta edition of the Kashsbaf from p. l!i, 
line 4, to p. 81, line 6. 

The commentary upon the first extant 
words of the text *jj ._-.>., ^, begins as follows : 



Foil. 25-26 contain a Kasidah by Fakih Muh. 
B. 'All B. 'Umar al-L)amadi al-Tihami in 
answer to the Kasidah of Sayyid Shams al- 
Din Ahmad B. 'Ali al-Mu'afi. " 



110. 

Or. 2184. Foil. 96 ; 61 in. by 45 ; 13 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with tbe 
vowels ; dated al-Salihiyyah, Damascus, 5 
Ramadan, A.H. 694 (A.D. 1295). 

An explanation of the Mubhamilt in the 
Coran, to which the following title is prefixed 
in the handwriting of the copyist : 

U. 



JU3 JJ 

Abu'l-Kasim 'Abd al-Rahman B. 'Abdallah 
B. Ahmad al-Khath'ami al-Suhaili, author of 
the well-known commentary upon the Sirat 
al-Rasul of Ibn Hisham, died A.H. 581 ; see 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 582fc. 

~ " 
. Beg. Jjo uJ^j U-.^ jl J* ^&\ al! 



The full title of the present work is : 



see Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 720. 
The same title, with a slight variation, is 
given by al-Suyuti in his Itkan, Calcutta 



64 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE CORAN. 



edition, p. 15, and by Haj. Khal., vol. ii., 
p. 319, who quotes also the initial words as 
above. See further Ibn Khallikan, De 
Slane's translation, vol. ii., p. 99. In the 
colophon the work is simply called t-^U^ 
iU$x!\ l*^. It is mentioned in the Itkan, 
p. 808, as the earliest work treating especially 
of the Mubhamat. 

The Mubhamat, which form the subject of 
Suhaili's commentary, are general expres- 
sions intended by the speaker to designate 
definite persons or things, the proper names 
of which have been handed down by tradition. 
They are taken in the order in which they 
are found in the text, the names of the 
respective Surahs forming the rubrics. 

After fol. 1 there is a lacuna of some extent ; 
the latter part of the preface, all that relates 
to Surahs i. v. and the first portion of 
Surah vi. are lost. The first text extant 
is : -i *J1 - ^ J^ ^jl J\i' j\ (Surah vi. 
93), the commentary upon which begins : 

ajou-* y& Jlib 

" 



There are also some minor gaps and a few 
transpositions in the body of the volume. 

For other copies see the Khedive's Library, 
vol. i., p. 62, and Landberg, no. 504. 

111. 

Or. 1105. Foil. 247 ; 12iin.by8; 35 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in a neat and formal 
Neskhi, apparently in the 16th century. 

[WARREN HASTINGS.] 



A commentary upon the Goran, by Fakhr 
al-Dln Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. 'Umar B. al- 
ii usain al-Razi, called Ibn Khatlb al-Rai, 
who died in Herat A.H. 606. 



For the author's life see Ibn Abi Usaibi'ah, 
vol. ii., pp. 23 30 ; Wiistenfeld, Arabische 
Aertzte, no. 200 ; Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's 
version, vol. ii., p. 652 ; Casiri, vol. i., p. 183 ; 
Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 52, fol. 229; and 
Suyuti, Tabakat al-Mufassirin, no. 120. 

From the above sources we learn that 
al-Razi's commentary, called also al-Tafsir 
al-Kablr, consisted of twelve volumes, in- 
dependently of a separate volume devoted to 
the Fatihah. Al-Suyuti describes it in his 
Itkan, Calcutta edition, p. 917, as full of 
irrelevant philosophical disquisitions, adding 
that it had been said of it, that it contained 
all manner of things save one the explana- 
tion of the text. The Mafatih al-Ghaib has 
been printed in eight voll., Bulak, A.H. 1289, 
and Constantinople, A.H. 1294. 

The present MS., which is imperfect at 
beginning and end, and contains neither 
title nor author's name, has been identified 
by comparison with the Bulak edition. It 
begins abruptly with comments upon Surah x. 
20, at a passage corresponding with vol. iv., 
p. 819, line 28, and breaks off in the com- 
ments upon Surah xviii. 8 11, at a pas- 
sage corresponding with vol. v., p. 683, 
line 20. The text is given entire, and in red 
ink. The first passage occurring in the MS., 
fol. 2b, is v. 21 of Surah x., and the com- 

mentary upon it begins : ^ 



The next following Surahs begin respec- 
tively as follows : xi. fol. 30 ; xii. fol. 63a ; 
xiii. fol. 996 ; xiv. fol. 118a ; xv. fol. 139a ; 
xvi. fol. 1556 ; xvii. fol. 198a ; xviii. fol. 243^. 
At the end of Surahs x. xiv., the author 
gives dates of composition ranging from 
Rajab, A.H. 601, to the end of Sha'ban, same 
year, adding that he was then mourning the 
premature death of his son Muhammad. 

The earlier commentators most frequently 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE CORAX. 



65 



quoted are al-Zajjaj (Ibrahim B. al-Sari, 
d. A.H. 311), al-Wahidi (<Ali B. Ahmad, d. 
A.H. 468), and, above all, the author of al- 
Kashshaf, i.e. al-Zaraakhshari. 

The following detached portions of al- 
Razi's commentary are found in European 
libraries : Surah i. in Berlin, v. Alilwardt, 
no. 941 ; Surahs i. iv. in Paris, De Slane, 
no. 613 ; Surahs i. xviii., iii. ix., and 
xxxii. cxiv., in the India Office, v. Loth, 
nos. 65 67 ; Surahs i., ii. iv., y., and xvi., 
xvii., in the Bodleian ; Uri, nos. v., xxvi., 
xiv. and xii. For complete copies and de- 
tached volumes see the Khedive's Library, 
vol. i., p. 106. 

112. 

Or. 2981. Foil. 179 ; 10J in. by 7 ; 27 lines, 
5-|- in. long ; written in an inelegant, but dis- 
tinct, Neskhi; dated Halab, Ramadan, A.H. 
856 (A.D. 1452). [H. STERN.] 



The first volume of an extensive commen- 
tary upon the Corau, the author of which, 
not named in the MS., is, according to Haj. 
Khal., vol. vi., p. 400, Abu Muh. al-Mu'afa 
B. Isma'il B. al-Husain Ibn Abi'l-Bayan (or 
Ibn Abi'l-Sinan). Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, who 
gives the same name, Add. 7356, fol. 706, 
but, instead of Ibn Abi '1-Bayan, writes Ibn 
Abi'l-Sinan, says that he was born in al- 
Mausil A.H. 551, and died there A.H. 630. 
Ibn Abi '1-Sinan is also the form adopted by 
De Slane, Paris Catalogue, no. 732, and 
by Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, LO. 612. He 
wrote the following works : 1. aa)\ Jj J*&\ ; 

2. ujJoSiU Lr i\ (II. Kh., vol. i., p. 454); 

3. _/JJ\ J ^\ CH. Kh., vol. vi., p. 250) : 

4. A great Tafsir, called ^boM (apparently an 
abridged form of the above title), also noticed 
by Haj. Khal., vol. ii., pp. 81, 379. See also 



Tabakat al-Subki, Add. 23,361, fol. 2686, 
and, for a copy of the present work, the 
Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 111. 



J 



4) 



Beg. laii- iufi 



After stating that he had found no Tafsir 
completely satisfactory, the author says that 
he compiled the present one from a number 
of works for his own use, and proceeds to 
describe it as follows : ^J WN ^ wj 

V <^,\*- . . . . )\ t^ 



The preface is followed by a Mukaddimah 
on the excellence of knowledge, fol. 2a, and 
the following ten preliminary chapters : 1. 
Excellence of the Goran, fol. 4b. 2. Value of 
a knowledge of the Coran, fol. 56. 3. Show- 
ing that every verse has a literal and a 
spiritual sense, fol. Ga. 4. Condemnation of 
ignorant comments upon the Coran, fol. 7a. 

5. Supernatural character of the Coran, ib. 

6. Names of the Coran, fol. 8a. 7. On 
Surah and verse, fol. 86. 8. On Tafsir and 
Ta'wil, ib. 9. On the period during which the 
Coran was revealed, fol. 9a. 10. On the 
prayer called SJU-.^, fol. 96. 

The rest of the volume is taken up with 
the commentary upon al-Fatihah, fol. 10a, 
and upon Surat al-Bakarah, down to v. 208, 
fols. 2:'6 179a. 

K 



66 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



The commentary upon the Fatihah begins : 



The text is given entire, but in small por- 
tions or single words introduced by the 
words JU3 !y in red ink. Early commen- 
tators, as Ibn 'Abbas, Mukatil, Mujahid, 
Katadah, Ibn Mas'ud, etc., are frequently 
quoted, but hardly any of the more recent 
writers. The latest appears to be al-Zajjaj, 
who died A.H. 311. 

Colophon :. <_.? 



113. 

Or. 3862. Foil. 163 ; 10 J in. by 7| ; 25 lines, 
5J in. long ; written in fair, bold Neskhi, 
with very few diacritical points; dated Sa'dah, 
the city of al-Hadi lil-Hakh Yahya B. al- 
Husain, Tuesday, the 20th of Safar, A.H. 709 
(A.D. 1309). Bound in ornamental stamped 
leather covers. [GLASER, no. 150.] 

A commentary upon the Goran, by Sabik 
al-Dm Muhammad B. 'Ali B. Ahmad B. 
Ya'Ish al-Nahwi. On the first page is the 
following inscription by the same hand as the 
text : ^fciL-U u;- [corrected to 



The author, who lived in the seventh 
century A.H., and died apparently before 



A.H. 709, the date of the present MS., 
wrote also a grammatical work, entitled 
^>&xM (Or. 3821). The author of the 
manual of Zaidi law, called al-Tadkirah 
(Or. 3861), who died A.H. 791, was his 
great grandson. 

The present volume, apparently the second, 
begins as follows : Jjj 



]? U* 



It comprises the following Surahs : iv. 
fol. 26; v. fol. 4la; vi. fol. 716; vii. fol. 
1116 ; viii. fol. 144a ; and ix., from the be- 
ginning to the end of v. 33, foil. 15661626. 

The whole text is inserted verse by verse, 
with the words Jjo 5y , and distinguished by 
a larger character. The commentary is chiefly 
grammatical, and does not contain any refe- 
rence to previous commentators, except a few 
of the earliest. At the beginning of almost 
every Surah a Hadith is given, on the 
authority of Ubayy, relating to its excellence 
and the rewards promised to whosoever shall 
recite it. At the beginning of Surat al- 
Bara'at (ix.), the author gives the following 
account of the occasion on which it was 

revealed : 



U 



J-e 



A few lines further is found the following 
passage, which displays the Shi'ah partisan- 
ship of the author : J\ 'i\j> 

b! 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



67 



Copyist : 



114. 



Or. 4001. roll. 100 ; 10 in. by 7$ ; about 
25 lines, 5^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, 
with all the vowels, probably in the 14th 
century. [(TLASER, no. 296.] 

Another portion of the same commentary, 
without author's name, with the following 
title written on the outer edge: 



It begins and ends abruptly, and extends 
from Surah xii. 33, to Surah xxviii. 85. 
There is, however, a lacuna after fol. 8. It 
extends from Surah xii. 106 to Surah xiv. 4. 

Surah xv. begins, fol. 15, as follows : 
t\jj U 

* *JI 



The passages of the text are written in a 
large character with black ink, and preceded 
by the words JU Jy, in red. 

115. 

Or. 3865. Foil. 133; lO^in. by 7; 15 lines, 
4| in. long ; wi'itten in fine large Neskhi ; 
dated end of Shawwiil, A.H. 700 (A.D. 1301). 

[GrLASEB, no. 153]. 



The first volume of a commentary upon 
the Coran, by 'All B. Yahya B. Muh. al- 
Banna. 



The title and the author's name are found 
in the following inscription : 

! 



Lower down, and by the same hand, 
evidently that of the author, is the following 
addition, from which it appears that he had 
this fair copy written for Shaikh Amin al- 
Dm Zaid B. 'Ali, of San'a : 



iij j.j 



*M 



By the side of the above title is written, by 
another hand, " abridged from al-Bayan by 
al-Bahrani," 



The following note, written by a later 
hand under the author's name, states that 
he was one of the Zaidi 'Ulema, and was 
once engaged in a dispute with the Imam 
Ibrahim B. Taj al-Dm (who was proclaimed 
A.H. 670, and died A.H. 683), as to the in- 
terpretation of the prayer called al-Tsti'ildah : 



4JJI 



4Mb 



In a short preface the author says that 
the difficulty experienced by himself and his 
contemporaries in referring, in case of need, 
to the great Tafsirs, induced him to compile 
a commentary of lighter bulk, and confined 
K 2 



G8 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE CORAN. 



to a limited number of verses, which he and 
his brethren could consult with ease. 

The commentary does not include the 
entire text, but only detached verses, or 
group of verses, which are distinguished by 
a larger character. Authorities are not, as 
a rule, nominally referred to, but al-Zamakh- 
shari is occasionally quoted. The present 
volume comprises the following Surahs : 
i. fol. 2a ; ii. fol. 3b ; iii. fol. 74a ; iv. foil. 
115a 132&. It breaks off in the comments 
upon v. 62 of Surah iv. The last page is 
taken up with the story of a dispute between 
'Ammar B. Yasir and Khalid B. al-Walld, 
upon the occasion on which that verse is said 
to have been revealed. 

A detached leaf at the end contains a 
prayer in the author's handwriting. It is 
signed 'Ali B. Yahya, and dated end of 
Shawwal, A.H. 700.' 



116. 

Or. 4258. Foil. 479 ; 8J in. by 6 ; 29 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in a very neat and 
minute Persian Neskhi, with gold-ruled 
margins, apparently in the 16th century. 

[BODGE.] 



The well-known commentary of al-Baidawi 
(Nasir al-Dm 'Abdallah B. 'Umar) ; see the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 64b. 

The dates, A.H. 685 or 691-2, generally 
assigned to the author's death, appear to be 
too early. Hamdullah Mustaufi, a contem- 
porary writer, states that he died after 
A.H. 710 (v. Persian Catalogue, p. 823). 

In a notice of his life, extracted from 
Kitab al-Akallm, Or. 3328, fol. 200, and 
found also in an abridged form in the fly-leaf 
of the present MS., it is stated that he gave 



up worldly pursuits, spent the latter part of 
his life in seclusion at Tebriz, and died there 
A.H. 716. 

The MS. has lost the first two leaves. It 
begins abruptly with these words : l5 iO 
*j>s. ^j J-uo ^1 i^as: sds- _J* (Fleischer's 
edition, p. 4, last line). 

The first few leaves have marginal notes, 
in a microscopic character. Foil. 378 417 
have been supplied by a modern hand. For 
other copies see the Leyden Catalogue, 
vol. iv., p. 31; Berlin, no. 517, seqq. ; the 
Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 55, etc. 



117. 

Or. 1193. Foil. 525; 8 in. by 5; 21 lines, 
3^ in. long; written in a small and close 
Turkish Nestalik ; apparently in the 17th 
century. [ALEX. JABA.] 

Gloss of 'Isam al-Dm Ibrahim B. Mu- 
hammad B. 'Arabshah al-Isfara'ini upon the 
preceding commentary of al-Kadi al-Baidawi. 

Beg. JJ 



The author, whose name is written in the 
preface: ^J^a**^ sll^s- ^ +^? ^ f**!^' 
yjjl ,^o .ll^, dedicates his work to 
Sultan Sulaiman B. Salim, whom he praises 
as the conqueror of the perverse Shi'ah, and 
the mighty defender of the Sunnis. He 
states at the end that he completed that 
portion of the work in Shawwal, A.H. 940. 
He died in Samarkand, A.H. 943 ; see the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 784, ad. p. 573. 

Haj. Khal. states, vol. i., p. 477, that the 
Hashiyah consists of two parts, the first 
extending from the beginning of the Goran 
to the end of Surah vi., the second from 
Surah Ixxviii. to the end of the Coran. The 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



69 



present MS. contains the former; it com- 
prises notes on al-Baidiiwi's preface, and the 
gloss to the commentary upon the following 
Surahs : i. fol. 6; ii. fol. 29 ; iii. fol. 2886; 
iv. fol. 355a; v. fol. 497 ; vi. foil. 477525. 

Incomplete copies are described in the 
Khedive's Library, vol. i., pp. 81 and 96. 
The first part, down to the end of Surah v., 
is noticed in the Copenhagen Catalogue, 
no. 45, and the second part in the Berlin 
Catalogue, nos. 836-7. Loth mentions, under 
no. 84, a copy containing apparently the 
entire work. 

The MS. contained a date of transcription 
at the end of Surah ii., fol. 28 7 a ; but the 
figures have been obliterated, and A.H. 940, 
the date of composition, has been written 
over them. 



Copyist : *Jui 



118. 

Or. 3863: Foil. 271 ; 9f in. by 6 ; 25 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in bold Neskhi, want- 
ing most diacritical points ; dated four days 
before the end of Ramadan, A.H. 784 (A.D. 
1382). ' [GLASER, no. 151.] 

A volume of a grammatical commentary 
upon the Goran, without title or author's 
name. 



It is evidently a portion of the work en- 
titled LiJL^* 51 ^\j^\ i_y\ J jjis^l by Abu Ishak 
Ibrahim B. Mull. B. Ibrahim al-Kaisi al- 
Safakusi al-Milliki. It corresponds with the 
account given of that work by Haj. Khal., 
vol. i., p. 353, and vol. v., p. 410. According 



to that account the author compiled it from 
the commentary of his Shaikh Abu Hayyan 
(entitled IAS^ ^ ; v. Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 
20, and the Berlin Catalogue, no. 882) and 
from the work of Abu '1-Baka (v^l j (jW 
y\Jtt by Abu '1-Baka 'Abdallah B. al-Husaiu 
al-'Ukbari, who died A.H. 616; see Bughyat 
al-Wu'at, f. 1446, Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 185, 
and De Slane, Paris Catalogue, no. G20). 
He designated by the additions borrowed 
from the work of his Shaikh and by CJ5 his 
own observations. 

Our 'MS. is in perfect agreement with the 
above, especially with regard to the last 
mentioned notations. Abu '1-Baka is quoted 
on every page, but his interpretations arc 
frequently disputed or refuted. 

The commentary deals only with the 
grammatical interpretation. It does not 
contain the entire text, but only detached 
words, or groups of two or three words, 
written in red ink. The rubrics of the 
several Surahs are 
, and so on. 



The volume comprises the following 
Surahs: v. fol. 16; vi. fol. 426; vii. fol. 
916 ; viii. fol. 127a ; ix. fol. 1376 ; x. fol. 
1536; xi. fol. 1686; xii. fol. 186a ; xiii. 
fol. 200a ; xiv. fol. 2076 ; xv. fol. 2156 ; 
xvi. fol. 221a ; xvii. fol. 234a ; xviii. fol. 
2486 ; xix. foil. 26162716. 

Notices of the author, and of his Shaikh, 
Abu Hayyan Muh. B. Yusuf B. 'Ali al- 
Gharnati, called Athir al-Dm, will be found 
in al-Durar al-Kaminah, Or. 3043, fol. 106, 
and Or. 3044, fol. 137a. The former studied 
first in Bijayah, and then in Cairo under 
Abu Hayyan ; he was born A.H. 697 and 
died 18 Dulka'dah, A.H. 742. His Shaikh, 
Abu Hayyan, who was born A.H. 654, sur- 
vived him, dying 28 Safar, A.H. 745. 



70 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



Two volumes of the same commentary 
comprising Surahs i. xviii. have been de- 
scribed by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 
881. See also the Khedive's Library, vol. i., 
p. 94. 

119. 

Or. 3948. Foil. 203 ; 9J in. by 7 ; about 
33 lines, 5 in. long ; written in small, and 
almost unpointed Neskhi, apparently in the 
15th century. [GLASEB, no. 242. J 

A commentary upon the Goran, without 
title or author's name. 



Beg. 



LibV 



U, 



The above is followed by a short introduc- 
tion on the meaning of Tafsir, and its 
distinction from Ta'wil. The commentary 
extends over the whole of the Goran, but 
includes only those words of the text which 
require explanation. 

The author does not use the Shi'ah formula 
after the names of Hasan or 



&j^ aer e names 

Husain, and quotes Sunni authorities, such 
as Ibn al-Jauzi in the above introduction, 
and al-Zamakhshari at the beginning of Surat 
al-Bakarah ; but, in the body of the work, 
he only refers to some of the earliest 
traditionists, although borrowing occasionally 
from the Kashshaf without acknowledgment. 
The various interpretations given are only 
introduced by the word JoJ, "it has been 
said." 

The commentary on the Surat al-Bakarah 
begins, fol. 26, as follows : j l$$j-S\ Uj J\ 



The following endorsement, written by a 
later hand, ascribes the work to Abu '1-Baka 
al-Samarkandi : *^a*M ^^0^ ^ jj-iXJU <_vX 
^<jjj+~3\ \SL>!>\ ^"3. The title is taken from 
the author's description of the work, as above 
given. 

The commentary upon each Surah begins 
without any introductory remarks as to its 
Meccan or Medinese origin, and deals more 
with the meaning of the text and the tradi- 
tions that throw light upon it, than with 
grammatical analysis. 

120. 

Or. 3998. Foil. 106 ; 10f in. by 7|. 

[GLASER, no. 293.] 

I. Foil. 1 85 ; 23 lines, 5 in. long ; written 
in fine bold Neskhi, apparently in the 14th 
century. 

Fragment of a commentary upon the 
Goran, without author's name. It extends 
from Surah ii. 282 to Surah xvi. 85 ; but 
there are several gaps, the most important 
of which are Fol. 3, from Surah iii. 24 to 
Surah iv. 11 ; fol. 7, Surah iv., from 38 to 69 ; 
fol. 14, from Surah iv. 74 to Surah v. 114; 
fol. 25, from Surah vi. 141 to Surah vii. 78 ; 
fol. 49, from Surah ix. 103 to Surah x. 32 ; 
fol. 78, Surah xv. from 3 to 87. 

The comm. on Surah iii. begins as follows : 
.< (jU^ iiJj (jj 



^ Jy *iK 

<?< 

The whole text is not included, but only 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



71 



such words or passages as require explanation. 
These are written in red ink. There are fre- 
quent quotations from al-Tha'labi, introduced 
by the words (J -*3\ <j J\5, and some extracts 
from al-Kashsh.if of al-Zamakhshari }J V J\j 
*Ul The latest authority quoted, fol. 85fr, is 
c-^jill, by which is meant the commentary 
entitled ^^ t^Jf-, by Nizam al-Din al- 
ii asan B. Muh. al-Kummi al-Naisaburi, who 
lived about A.H. 710 (Haj. Khal., vol. iv., 
p. 306, and Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 871). 

At the beginning of each Surah there are 
some Hadiths relating to the rewards pro- 
mised for reading it. 

II. Foil. 8692; about 40 lines, 6 in. 
long; written in small, cursive, and un- 
pointed Neskhi; dated Jumada I., A.H. 858 
(A.D. 1454). 

A collection of 500 verses of the Goran, 
on which are based the prescriptions of the 
law. 



Beg. 



Obi gif* Jjo dH L 

This is the llth book of the Dlbajah of al- 
Bahr al-Zakhkhar (v. Or. 4021). 

III. Foil. 93105 ; 30 lines, 5| in. long; 
fifteenth century. 

Another copy of the above, wanting the 
first page. 

121. 

Or. 4207. Foil. 265; 7 in. by 5; 25 lines, 
3f in. long; written in small and neat Neskhi, 
dated Saturday, 16 Dulka'dah, A.H. 969 
(A.H. 1562). [LANE.] 

The well-known commentary by Jalal al- 



Din al-Mahalli and Jalal al-Din al-Suytiti, 
called ^iW 



The work has been often printed in the 
East : Bulak, A.H. 1280, 1293, Cairo, A.H. 
1297, and Calcutta, A. H. 1257. For MSS. 
see the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 66, 67, 37G ; 
Loth, no. 99 ; Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 885; Paris, nos. 652-5; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. i., p. 71. 

Copyist : yjl . . 



122. 

Or. 4259. Foil. 174 ; 6| in. by 3f ; 19 lines, 
2| in. long ; written in minute Neskhi. 

[BDDGE.J 

The first half of the same commentary, 
ending with Surah xvii. 

At the end is Suyuti's epilogue stating 
that he completed the work A.H. 870, and 
the fair copy A.H. 871. 

Copyist: o^=-\ *' 



123. 

Or. 4260. Foil. 186, uniform with the pre- 
ceding, and written by the same hand ; dated 
A.H. 1120 (A.D. 1708). [BUDGE.] 

The latter half of the work, beginning 
with Surah xviii. 

124. 

Or. 3927. Foil. 212 ; 8| in. by 6 ; from 21 
to 23 lines, 4J in. long ; written in cursive 
Neskhi ; apparently in the 18th century. 

[GLASER, no. 221.] 

The first volume of the same work, Tafsir 
al-Jalalain, ending with Surah xxii. 

The Fatihah, which in most copies con- 



72 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



eludes the work, is here placed at the begin- 
ning. It is followed by the short preface of 
al-Suyuti. The text of the Goran is written 
throughout in red ink. 

In Dr. Glaser's Verzeichniss the work is 
ascribed to Abu al-Baka. 

125. 

Or. 3920. Foil. 315; 10 in. by 7; 29 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in small and distinct 
Neskhi, apparently in the 16th century. 

[GLASER, no. 214.] 



The first volume of a commentary upon 
the Goran, by Jalal al-Din 'Abd al-Rahman 
al-Suyuti (died A.H. 911). 



Beg. 



U 



After completing his Tafsir entitled Tar- 
juman al-Kur'an (Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 277) 
which gave the traditional interpretations 
with their full Isnads, the author determined 
to write the present abridgment, which is 
confined to the text of the traditions, with 
short references to their sources. 

This abridgment consists, as stated by the 
author in the list of his works, of twelve large 
volumes (v. Haj. Khal. vol. vi., p. 667). The 
present volume contains only the Fatihah, 
fol. 2b, and Surat al-Bakarah, foil. 13& 3156. 
The initial words only of each verse com- 
mented upon are inserted, preceded by the 
words Jlj *)y. The last two verses of the 
second chapter are quoted thus, fol. 313a : 
ii-^.^ J_)**^\ tl? -e\ ^JUJ a!y, and their interpre- 
tation is followed by traditions relating to 
the close of the Surah and to prayers to be 
recited after reading it. 



Two portions of the same commentary are 
described by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
nos. 896-7. See also Haj. Khal., vol. iii., 
p. 192, and the Khedive's Library, vol. i., 

p. 74. 

126. 

Or. 3917. Foil. 279; 8 in. by 6 ; from 23 
to 25 lines, 4J in. long ; written in cursive 
and inelegant Neskhi, apparently in the 17th 
century. [GLASER, no. 211.] 



. 

A commentary upon the Goran, without 
author's name. The MS. is imperfect at 
beginning and end. The above title is written 
by a later hand at the top of the first page, 
with the addition &^fli* e>*^ " by some 
Hanafite." 

We learn from the Khulasat al-Athar, vol. 
iv., p. 403, that the work is due to Mustafa 
B. 'Ali B. Nu'man al-Damadi al-Yamani, 
who was born A.H. 1004 in Wadi Damad, 
district of Sabyah, province of San'a, and 
appears to have been, not a Hanafi, but a 
Zaidi legist, for we are told that he had 
studied al-Azhar, al-Bahr al-Zakhkhar, and 
other standard works of Zaidi law. The 
date of his death is not given. His Tafsir, 
the epilogue of which the Khulasah quotes 
in extenso, was highly esteemed in Yemen. 
See also Wiistenfeld, Jemen im XI. Jahr- 
hundert, p. 104. Ahlwardt, who mentions 
it under the above title, Berlin Catalogue, 
p. 380, no. 110, calls the author 



The first part of the preface is lost. In 
the first page extant the author says that 
the best commentary upon the Goran is the 
Goran itself, the next best the commentary 
of the Prophet, as handed down from his 
lips, the next that of his companions, above 



all Ibn al-' Abbas, and the next that of the 
Tabi'in, among whom the most trustworthy 
are Mujahid B. Hubr, Katadah B. Di'amah, 
Abu Ja'far al-Bakir and al-Hasan al-Basri. 

Further on the author describes his work 
as follows : 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE CORAN. 73 

The work is called on the title-page: 



U UJ( J l^j 

The commentary proper begins, fol. 2a, as 
follows : ^ Sla31 Obi Af-* ^j 

^ &~jJ\ (J^J 

vo^ Jj^\5 u- 

^ <> 



The MS. breaks off, fol. 2785, after the 
first line of Surah cxiii. : JAM ^ g*3l 

127. 

Or. 4277. Foil. 54 ; 9| in. by 5 J ; from 27 
to 31 lines, 4 in. long ; written in small and 
neat Persian Neskhi, partly vocalized ; dated 
from 29 Safar, A.H. 958 to 23 Sha'ban, 
A.EL 963 (A.D. 15511556). [BUDGE.] 

I. Foil. 1 45. History of Joseph, being a 
commentaryupon the Surat Yusuf (Surahxii.), 
without author's name. 



Beg. 



J3 



^ J\5 jVj 



o, and the same title, 
is found in the colophon. It begins with 
traditions relating to the mustering by Adam 
of his posterity, to which is prefixed an Isnad, 
starting from Abu Hamid al-Ghazziili. 

The commentary begins, fol. 3a, as follows : 
,.* ifr i 



JUi }\ 



J J u 



Jl 

The text of the Surah is included in the 
commentary, and written in red ink. Some 
passages are followed by a Persian para- 
phrase, and further comments in the same 
language. 

II. Foil. 47 54. A Persian treatise on 
passages of the Goran and Hadith, relating 
to the horse, by 'Abd al - Samad Haji 
Muhammad. 



Beg. 



The work is entitled 
U \*H>\, dedicated to Mirza Muhammad 'Isa 
Tarkhan, and divided into a Mukaddimah, 
two Babs and a Khatimah. 



Al-Nasikh wa'l MansuJch. 

128. 

Or. 3879. Foil. 133 ; 7 in. by 5 ; from 22 
to 25 lines, 3J in. long ; written in small 
Neskhi, with frequent omission of the dia- 
critical points, probably in the 13th century. 

[GLASEE, no. 167.] 



74 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



A -work treating of the abrogating and 
abrogated verses of the Goran, by Abu Ja'far 
Ahmad B. Muh. B. Isma'Il Saffar al-Nahwi. 

The MS. is imperfect at the beginning 
and at the end, and it has no title. The 
author's name is found at the beginning of 
Surah iii., fol. 436, as follows : 



He is more generally known by the name 
of Ibn al-Nahhas (Saffar and Nahhas being 
synonymous terms for a worker in copper or 
brass). Born in Egypt, he studied in 
Baghdad under al-Akhfash, al-Mubarrad and 
Nif tawaih ; he then returned to his native 
country and died in Fustat, A.H. 338. See 
Sam'ani, fol. 555a ; Bughyat al-Nu'at, Or. 
3042, fol. 836; and Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's 
translation, vol. i., p. 81. 

The above title is not found in the MS. 
It is the generic title of works treating of 
the same subject. The present one is 
mentioned with others by al-Suyuti, Itkan, 
p. 514, and by Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 289. 

Following the order of the Goran, the 
author quotes and discusses such verses in 
each Surah as come within the scope of his 
work. In Surat al-Bakarah, which standsfirst, 
there are no less than thirty verses of this kind 
numbered and commented on under such 

r* 

headings as : &\3\ &>$\ & ( -r 5 V) e ^c. The 
first six of those sections are lost, and of the 
seventh the last three pages only are extant. 
The eighth section, beginning fol. 2b, relates 
to this verse : ,J\ e^N ..L*aJ\ 2J Jj Js-\ 
J3LJ (Surah ii. 183). The commentary 
begins as follows : is^lj ^ Iks-j aJUl ^\ J\S 



The thirtieth section relates to this verse : 



j (Surah ii. 284), 
fol. 42 a. 

The next following Surahs are : iii. fol. 
436, with three verses ; iv. fol. 46a, with 
ten verses ; v. fol. 63, with seven verses ; 
vi. fol. 79a, with five verses ; vii. fol. 866, 
and so on, down to Surahs xlviii. and xlix. 
fol. 132, which are joined under one rubric : 

0\^j 8)1 i^- 

The MS. breaks off in the course of some 
historical notices about the conquest of 
Mecca. The last of these relates to an in- 
terview between Muhammad and 'Drwah 
(see Sprenger, Leben des Mohammad, vol. 
iii., p. 244). 

The main authority of Ibn al-Nahhas is 
the great Sahib and traditionist, 'Abdallah 
B. 'Abbas, who died A.H. 68 (v. Sprenger, 
ib., p. cvi.). An Isnad, which is given in full 
foil. 79a and 866, and, in a shorter form, at 
the beginning of most Surahs, ascends from 
the author to Ibn 'Abbas through the follow- 
ing six intermediate links: 1. Yamut B. 
al-Muzarra ( , an Egyptian grammarian, who 
died in Tabariyyah or Damascus, A.H. 303 
(v. Bughyat al-Wu'at, Or. 3042, fol. 216a) ; 
2. Abu Hatim Sahl B. Muh. al-Sijistani, 
who died A.H. 250 or 255 (v. Bughyat, fol. 
137a) ; 3. Abu 'Ubaidah Ma'mar Ibn al- 
Muthanna al-Taimi (d. A.H. 209, v. Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 320, note 6) ; 4. Yunus B. 
Hablb (d. A.H. 182, Ibn Khallikan, De Slane, 
vol. iv., p. 586. 5. Abu 'Amr B. al-'Ala 
(d. A.H. 154 ; Arabic Catalogue, p. 70, 
note g). 6. Mujahid (d. A.H. 103 or 104, 
ib., p. 61, note/). 

From the following passage, fol. 936 : J\5 



J\ L?}^ J**-~^ &>.} it appears that the text 
was handed down by Abu Bakr al-Adfuwi, 
who had read it before the author. Abu 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



75 



Bakr Muh. B. 'All B. Muh. al-Adfuwi, a dis- 
ciple of ai-Nahhas, died 7. Rabi' I., A.H. 388 
(Bughyat al-Wu'at, Add. 3042, fol. 443). 

Numerous marginal notes show that the 
present copy has been read before a scholar 
and carefully corrected. 

In Dr. Glaser's list the MS. appears under 
the title of Tebyan by Neshwan el-Himyari, 
with a query. On that work see Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, p. 365a. For works by 
other authors on Nasikh wa Mansukh see 
Fihrist, p. 37 ; Suyuti's Itkan, p. 514 ; the 
Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., p. 18 ; Loth's 
Catalogue, no. 115; Aumer, Munich Cata- 
logue, p. 407, no. 12 ; Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, nos. 473 484. 

129. 

Or. 4261. Foil. 61 ; 7f in. by 5; 13 lines, 
2f in. long; written in fair Neskhi, with 
occasional vowels ; dated Halab, Wednesday, 
24 Rabi' II., A.H. 993 (A^D. 1585). 

[BUDGE.] 



A treatise on the abrogating and abrogated 
texts in the Goran, by Ibn Salamah B. Nasr 
al-Baghdadi. 

Beg. 



*U1 us. 



JUI . . . 



*13 



Uo 



^. U JjU . . . 



U U5 

The author, Abu '1-Kasim Hibat Allah 
('Abdallah is an error of the scribe) B. Sala- 



mah B. Nasr al-Baghdadi, the blind, was an 
eminent grammarian and commentator of the 
Goran, who died in Baghdad, A.H. 410. 
The present work is mentioned in his bio- 
graphical notices, Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 49, 
fol. 70, and Bughyat al-Wu'at, fol. 209. 

The contents agree with those of a recen- 
sion due to the author's son, 'Abd al-Khalik, 
as described by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 473. 

At the end, fol. 59, is an account of the 
author's sources (as in Ahlwardt, no. 476, 
and Leyden, no. 1655) beginning : ^1 ^-1M J\S 



. . . +~> 



Then follows, fol. 606, an appendix by the 
same author on the idolatrous tribes of the 
Arabs, beginning : &U\ L* ^**\aJ\ ^\ x_D) <>&j 



For other MSS. see the Khedive's library, 
vol. i., pp. 94, 98 and 109 ; the Leyden 
Catalogue, no. 1655 ; and Casiri, no. 1434. 



Glossary, 

130. 

Or. 3063. Foil. 103 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 13 or 
14 lines, 5 in. long ; written in large and 
bold Neskhi, with a few vowels, about 
A.H. 480 (A.D. 1807-8). 

[KREMEE, no. 70.] 



A glossary of rare words in the Goran, by 
Abu Bakr Muhammad B. 'Uzair al-'Uzairi 
al-Sijistani, who died A.H. 330 or 333 ; see 
the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 5386 and 7836. 

L 2 



76 



COMMENTARIES UPON THE GORAN. 



The title and the author's name are found 
ys above, in the Sanaa' at the end, fol. 103a. 
The author, who was a pupil of the celebrated 
grammarian, Ibn al-Anbari (died A.H. 328), 
spent fifteen years upon this work, the best- 
known on that subject. See Suyuti, Itkan, 
pp. 14 and 266. For the author's patronymic, 
Ibn 'Uzair, and his Nisbah, al-'Uzairi, the 
more familiar forms, Ibn 'Aziz and al-'Azizi, 
have been generally substituted ; but the 
former alone are correct. Al-Suyuti quotes, 
in his Bughyat al-Wu'at, Or. 3042, fol. 40a, 
the testimony of two scholars who had found 
them written as above by the author's own 
hand, and al-Sam'ani says expressly, fol. 
389fi, that whoever reads (3s>..j*>\ with two z's 
commits a blunder &u <j\j> L&J*^ J'-* u*j 
Uai-l That blunder has been committed by 
al-Flruzabadi. See Kamus, p. 718, line 5. 
Compare the Fihrist, vol. i., p. 35, and vol. ii., 
p. 24. The disputed point is discussed at 
great length in the Taj al-'Arus, vol. iv., 
p. 56. 

The first leaf of the original MS. is lost. 
The second begins with the explanation of 
the word J3! (Surah ii. 5) as follows : 



b. The last five pages contain a number 
of Sama's, or certificates relating to succes- 
sive readings of the work. The first, dated 
A.H. 454, was transcribed from the MS. of 
which the present is a copy. The original 
was in the handwriting of Abu Sa'd 'Abd 
al-Jalil B. Muh. B. Hasan al-Sawi ; he states 
that he and others heard the book read 
before the Shaikh Abu '1-Hasan 'Abd al-Baki 
B. Faris B. Ahmad, who, as appears from 
one of the following Sama's, had read it with 
'Abdallah B. Hasanun, who had it (as stated 
in Bughyat al-Wu'at, I.e.) from the author. 

The remaining Sama's are, with one ex- 
ception, originals. The first five relate to 



successive readings before the said Abu Sa'd 
'Abd al-Jalil, and bear dates ranging from 
A.H. 480 to 493. The MS. was apparently 
written at, or little before, the earlier of the 
above dates, and, judging from the occur- 
rence of such Nisbahs as Sawi, Shirazi, 
Isfahani, in the Sama's, probably in Persia. 

The last three Sama's record later readings 
before other masters, the latest of which 
took place A.H. 582, in a house situate near 
the Khalif's palace (Baghdad) 



The missing first leaf has been supplied 
by a later hand from a MS. apparently 
written in Egypt. The Riwayat at the 
beginning starts with a lecture which took 

place in Fustat Misr A.H. 595 : -D\ li^-\ 



'i\j 



* 



The Riwayat is traced up to the author. 
The last link is, as in the preceding, Abu 
Ahmad 'Abdallah B. al-Husain B. Hasanun 
al-Baghdadi, before whom the book was read 
in al-Jami'al al-'Atlk, A.H. 386. 



The work itself begins : ij 



For other copies see Casiri, vol. i., p. 505; 
Uri, p. 50, no. 28 ; the Upsala Catalogue, 
p. 252 ; the Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., 
p. 17 ; Pertsch, no. 522 ; Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, nos. 689694 ; De Slane, Paris 
Catalogue, nos. 590-1 ; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. i., p. 83 ; and Brill's Catalogue, 1886, 
no. 340. 



TRADITION. 



77 



131. 



Or. 3064. Foil. 63 ; 8J in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
4| in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with a 
few vowels ; dated Friday, 12 Safar, 
A.H. 689 (A.D. 1290). [KREMER, no. 71.] 

Another copy of the preceding work, with 
the following title in the handwriting of the 

copyist : J* 



The title Nuzhat al-Kulub, probably a 
later addition, is found in several MSS. as 
those mentioned in the Catalogues of 
Upsala, no. 388, Berlin, nos. 684-5, and 
Paris, no. 591. 

It appears also in the text printed in 
Bulak, A.H. 1295, in the margin of the 
Tabslr al-Rahman, a Tafslr by 'Ali B. 
Ahmad al-Maha'imi. 

Copyist : *y ^ ^ J* ^ > ^ U #\ 



The last leaf contains a story of 'Ainr B. 
'Adi adduced in explanation of the proverb 
jjlaM yfr jjf- j!>. It is taken from the 

Kamus ; see the Calcutta edition, vol. ii., 
p. 1306. 



TRADITION (HADITH). 

132. 

Or. 4262.-Foll. 97; 9 in. by 6f ; 25 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in neat, fully vocalised, 
Neskhi, apparently in the 14th century. 

[BUDGE.] 




The first volume of al-Jami' al-Sahih, or 
collection of authentic traditions, by Abu 



'Abdallah Muhammad B. Isma'il al-Bukhari, 
who died A.H. 256. 

The volume is imperfect and has some 
leaves transposed. It consists of the follow- 
ing detached portions Foil. 1-2 (supplied 
by a later hand) and foil. 8 12, correspond- 
ing with pp. 4 19 of Krehl's edition. 

Foil. 13 28, corresponding with pp. 35 
77 of the same edition. 

Foil. 7,4, 2996, 5-6, and 97, correspond- 
ing with pp. 273 472 of the same edition. 

At the end is written : u_>\l^ (jl5\ Jj 



For other MSS. and editions see the Arabic 
Catalogue, pp. Ill, 395, 539 ; Pertsch, no. 
591 ; the Berlin Catalogue, no. 1146 seqq. ; 
the Khedive's Library, vol. i., pp. 180 
203, etc. 

133. 



Or. 1269. Foil. 224; 12 in. by 9J ; 32 
lines, 5 J in. long ; written in small and close 
Maghribi character, apparently early in the 
18th century. 



A volume of the extensive commentary of 
Ahmad B. 'Ali al-'Askalani, called Ibn Hajar 
(died A.H. 852) upon the Jami' al-Sahih 
of al-Bukhari. See the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 1116, and Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 525. 

Beg. yS-ji ^1 tyjj J* 

' SJJP J 



The last rubric is ^JR \f*. <j t-V 
The portion of the text comprised in this 
volume corresponds with pp. 110 407 of 
vol. iii. of Krehl's edition, and with pp. 235 
404 of vol. ii. of the edition printed in 
Cairo A.D. 1863. The Fath al-Bari has been 



78 



TRADITION. 



printed at Bulak A.H. 1200. The contents 
of the present MS. extend from vol. vii., 
p. 338, to vol. ix., p. 84, line 24, of that 
edition. 

For other copies see the Paris Catalogue, 
no. 697 ; Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, nos. 
1201-5 ; the Khedive's Library, vol. i., 
p. 258, etc. 

At the beginning of the MS. are two 
"Wakfs, or deeds of gift. The first is by 
al-Ka'id Rajab B. Mamai, Agha of the 
Gumruk (Custom-house), who gave the book, 
A.H. 1168, to al-Madrasah al-Sharkiyyah, 
Tunis. The second is by Ahmad Bai, 
Governor of Constantine, who presented it 
to the Jami' of Suk al-Ghazal, A.H. 1180. 



134. 

Or. 3679. Foil. 276; 10 in. by 7; con- 
sisting of two distinct MSS. bound together. 

[BUDGE.] 

I. Foil. 1218; 23 lines, 5^ in. long; 
written in large and bold Neskhi, with 
frequent addition of vowels, apparently in 
the 14th century. 



The third volume of the commentary of 
Muhyi al-Dln Yahya B. Sharaf al-Nawawi 
(died A.H. 676) upon the Sahlh, or collection 
of genuine traditions, by Muslim B. al-Hajjaj 
(died A.H. 261). 



The title of the commentary, as stated by 
Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 545, is. 



See 



Wiistenfeld, 



Leben und Schriften des el-Nawawi, p. 154, 
no. 21 ; Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, nos. 
123436; the Khedive's Library, vol. i., 
p. 320323 ; and Casiri, vol. i., p. 448, 
no. 1008. The commentary has been printed 
in five volumes, Cairo, A.H. 1283. 

The present volume contains the following 
books : 

Fol. 26. 



Fol. 

Fol. 21a. 
Fol. 246. 
Fol. 296. 
Fol. 466. 
Fol. 856. 
Fol. 112a. 
Fol. 114a. 

A full table of the above books, and of 
their subdivisions (Babs), in the same hand 
as the text, occupies three pages at the 

beginning. At the end is written : 
UP 




The leaf being torn, the date, which 
probably was A.H. 712, is partly lost. 

Marginal corrections show that the MS. 
has been collated. 

II. Foil. 219276 ; 21 lines, 4 in. long; 
written in small JSTeskhi, on French paper ; 
dated 25 Shawwal, A.H. 1252 (A.D. 1836). 



TRADITION. 



79 



The subsequent portion of the same com- 
mentary, comprising the following books : 

Fol. 21 9a. 
Fol. 241a. 
Fol. 252. 
Fol. 2666. 

Fol. 271o. 
Colophon : ^ 

jfej fS-~*iO p-^' r-]"* 



o 



Copyist ; 



135. 



Or. 3059. Foil. 17 ; 6f in. by 5 ; 17 lines, 
3| in. long; written in fair, close Neskhi, 
with a sprinkling of vowels, probably in the 
15th century. [KREMEE, no. 66.] 



A collection of Hadiths compiled by Abu 
Bakr Muhammad B 'Abdallab B. Ibrahim 
al-Shafi'I al-Bazzaz ? with the following title : 



JIS 



Abu Bakr Muh. B. 'Abdallah B. Ibrahim 
B. 'Abduwaih al-Shafi'I al-Bazzaz was born 
in Jll, or Gllan, A.H. 260, and died in 
Baghdad, in Dulhijjah, A.H. 354. See 
Ta'rikh Baghdad, Add. 23,320, fol. 1226; 
Ta'rlkh al-Islam,Or. 48,fol. 416; Ibn Nuktah, 
fol. 266 ; al-Isnawi, fol. 1216 ; and Tabakat 
al-Hu9az, xii., no. 1. His traditions are called 
al - Ghailaniyyat, from Ibn Ghailan, who 
handed them down ; they are further termed 
'Awali, ' " high," or " far reaching," on 
account of the small number of links by 
which they are connected with the time of 
Muhammad, owing to the great longevity of 
the men by whom they were transmitted. 

Abu Talib Muh. B. Muh. B. Ibrahim B. 
Ghailanal-Bazzaz al-Hamadani was the last 
of those who received traditions from Abu 
Bakr al-Shafi'i. He was born in Muharram 
A.H. 347. Although he had not, therefore, 
completed his eighth year when his master 
died, he had written down Hadiths from his 
dictation. But he survived him eighty-six 
years. Al-Khatib al-Baghdadi, who was 
present at Ibn Ghailan's funeral, says that 
he died on the 6th of Shawwal, A.H. 440. 
See Ta'rlkh Baghdad, fol. 264, and Sam'ani, 
fol. 4146. 

The text of our MS. was handed down, as 
stated on the title-page, and again at the 
beginning of the text, by the following four 
traditionists : 1. Abu '1-K.asim Hibat- Allah 
B. Muh. B. 'Abd al-Wahid al-Shaibani, who 
received it from Ibn Ghailan (and died A.H. 
525 ; v. Ibn Nuktah, fol. 1606) ; 2. Muwaffik 
al-Dm Abu Hafs 'Umar B. Muh. B. Ma'mar 
Ibn Tabarzad (who died A.H. 607; Ibn 
Khallikan, vol. ii., p. 387) ; 3. Shihab al-Din 
Abu '1-Haija Ghazi B. Abi '1 Fadl al-Halawi 
al-Dimashki ; 4. Abu 'l-'Abbas Ahmad B. 



80 



TRADITION. 



Zaki al-Balisi, who read the book twice before 
the last-named traditionist, A.H. 688 (and 
died in Bilbais, A.H. 741 ; al-Durar al- 
Kaminah, fol. 24). 

The first Hadith, which is traced to 'Umar, 
begins : ^AJ ^y U *?$ U^j *JJb 

Jl JJI J\ 

The collection breaks off at fol. 125. The 
last Hadith is : 



The remaining leaves, foil. 13 17, contain 
a fragment consisting of Hadiths and sayings 
of pious men, relating to the duty of thank- 
fulness to God. The first Hadith mentioned 



s : 



Jyb 



J\SJ 



136. 

Or. 3883. Foil. 12 ; 7J in. by 51; 25 lines, 
4|- in. long ; written in fair, scholar-like 
Neskhi, about A.H. 682 (A.D. 1263). 

[GLASEE, no. 169s.] 

The fifth section of the same collection, 
with the following title : 



From the Kiwfiyah, or Catena, which 
follows the above title, and is repeated in 
inverted order at the beginning of the text, 
it appears that the work was handed down 
by the first two of the traditionists mentioned 
in the preceding copy, namely : Abu Talib 
Huh. B. Muh. B. Ibrahim B. Ghailan al- 
Bazzaz al-Hamadani, who received it from 
the author, and Abu '1-Kasim Hibafc Allah 
B. Muh. B. 'Abd al- Wahid B. Husain al- 



Shaibani, to whom it was transmitted by the 
preceding. 

The Santa' at the end relates to the entire 
work, which is described as consisting of 
eleven sections : 



A\ 

It is further stated that the reading took 
place before Shaikh Shihab al-Din 'Abd al- 
Bahim B. Yusuf B. Yahya B. Yusuf al- 
Dimashki, in the presence of numerous 
hearers, nominally mentioned, in four sit- 
tings, the last of which took place on the 
28th of Jumada II., A.H. 682. 

The above is preceded by the transcript of 
three earlier Sanaa's, the first of which relates 
to a reading before Abu Hafs 'Umar B. Muh. 
B. Ma'mar Ibn Tabarzad, A.H. 603. (He 
died A.H. 607 ; Ibn Khallikan, vol. ii., 
p. 387.) On the title-page is a later Sama', 
dated Misr, A.H. 714. 

The first Hadith mentioned in the present 
Juz is traced to al-Fadl B. 'Abbas, and begins : 



137. 

Or. 3269. Foil. 66 ; 9 in. by 6 & ; 21 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in a rather cursive, but 
distinct and scholarlike hand, in Halab, 
A.H. 711 (A.D. 1311). 



iailii 



The thirteenth and fourteenth volumes of 
a collection of Hadiths called al-Mustakhraj , 
compiled by Abu Nu'aim al-Hafiz, beginning 
with the following Eiwayah : * 



TRADITION. 



.-1 



JlS 



t 01 J\S .il US/ y^ y* 

The author's name is more fully given at 
the beginning of the text : ^> j>\ 



Abu Nu'aim Ahmad B. 'Abdallah al- 
Isfahani, a well-known traditionist, was born 
A.H. 336, and died A.H. 430 (see Ibn Khalli- 
kan, vol. i., p. 74). Among his works as 
enumerated in Ta'rlkh al-Islam, Or. 49, fol. 
1533, are ^J3& > ^J^\ and > ^jir~& 
Ju-*. The former only is mentioned byHaj. 
Khal., vol. v., p. 520. The present MS. is a 
portion of the latter. The work is based 
upon the Sahlh of Muslim (see the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 1126). The author takes the 
Hadiths in the same order as in the original 
work, gives for each his own Isnad, and 
states briefly on whose authority it is related 
by Muslim. Now and then short explana- 
tions of rare words are added. 

The 13th Juz, foil. 1 34, comprises the 
book of fasting ye& r >\z^. The 14th Juz, 
foil. 35 66, contains the first portion of 
the book of pilgrimage ^U L-^ljL/. It is 
stated at the end, that the next Juz was to 
begin with l^i* --jj^-j &J^ W *-^ Jj*" 13 L r'V 
^J^ j./". The contents of the above two 
Juz, correspond with pp. 297 358 of vol. i. 
of the Sahih Muslim printed in Cairo, 
A.H. 1290. ' 

Abu Nu'aim has introduced rubrics not 
found in Muslim's work. The following 
occur in the early portion of the MS. : 

Fol. 16. ^La*. J^LJ j l 

Ib. 



JjJJb w fe^ j 



Fol. oa. p&jj j.y J& J\S 

Fol. 56. 

Fol. Qa. 

Ib. 

Fol. 7a. 

The highest link in the catena above 
quoted, Abu 'Ali al-Haddad, a disciple of the 
author, was born A.H. 419, and died A.H. 
515. See Ibn Nuktah, fol. 82. 

* 

A copy in fifteen Juz is described under 
the title of ^ gsf J* ^j^^ &~& in the 
Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 307. 



138. 

Or. 3646. Foil. 390 ; 10J in. by 8 ; 17 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi with the 
vowels, with a tasteful 'TJnwan and red-ruled 
margins ; dated Baghdad, end of Jumada II., 
A.H. 761 (A.D. 1360). 

[S. CHURCHILL.] 



Cl 

A collection of authentic traditions by 
Abu Muhammad al-Husain B. Mas'ud al- 
Farra, who died A.H. 516. See the Arabic 
Catalogue, pp. 1126, 540a, and 7116. 



Beg. 



There are copious marginal notes, written 
by the same hand as the text, but in a 
smaller character. At the end is a note, 
stating that the MS. had been collated in 
the presence of Shaikh Diya al-Dln al-'Afifi 
al-Kirimi, in the monastery of llukn al-Din 
Baibars (Cairo) <_^Ju;J *>->)\ sla-ils'. A full 

M 



82 



TRADITION. 



table of chapters occupies eight pages at the 
beginning, foil. 26 6a. 

Copyist : < j^\, t '3\j& ^ ^ J 6 ^ u**L^ ^ 
The last two pages, foil. 3896, 390a, con- 
tain a notice relating to the Sahih of al- 
Bukhari, and stating the number of Hadiths 
comprised in each of its sections. A modern 
Persian note on the fly-leaf shows that the 
MS. had been presented to Amir Zadah 
Khusrau Khan. 

For other copies of the Masablh see the 
Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., p. 74; Pertsch, 
no. 597 ; Loth, no. 149; Aumer, no. 123; 
the Paris Catalogue, no. 719 ; Marsigli Col- 
lection, nos. 77 80 ; Ahlwardt, Berlin Cata- 
logue, nos. 1280 88 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. i., p. 310. The work has been 
printed in Bulak A.H. 1294. 

139. 

Or. 4263. Foil. 326 ; 11 in. by 6f; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair, partly vocalized, 
Neskhi; dated Sunday, 10 RabI II., A.H. 789 
(A.D. 1387). [BUDGE.] 



Another copy of the same work, with 
copious notes written in a minute character 
in the margins. 

Copyist : vyi* (J < *">!>. 

A table of contents by a later hand occupies 
the first two folios. 

Fol. 3 contains an Ijazah, or licence, dated 
A.H. 789, granted by Muhammad B. Mahmud 
al-Turbati to 'Izz al-Dln Yusuf B. Sharaf 
al-Dm Ya'kiib al-Rumi (the copyist). 

140. 

Or. 1106. Foil. 636 ; 13| in. by 8f ; 35 
lines, 5-f in. long ; written in small and neat 



Neskhi, with gold-ruled margins, apparently 
in the 17th century. [WARREN HASTINGS.] 

A commentary upon a collection of Hadiths, 
without title or author's name. It is the latter 
half of the Mirkat al-Mafatih K^o g\&\ Sly. 
AjLa^l an extensive commentary by 'Ali B. 

Sultan Muhammad al-Harawi al-Kari (who 
died A.H. 1014) upon the Mishkat al-Masabih. 
Its identity is established by comparison 
with the extracts from the Mirkat al-Mafatih 
in the margin of the Mishkat al-Masabih 
lithographed in Bombay, A.H. 1295. 

The Mishkat al-Masabih is a commentary 
upon, or enlarged recension of, the preceding 
work, al-Masabih. It is due to Wall al-Dln 
Muhammad B. 'Abdallah al-Khatib al-Tibrizi, 
who completed it A.H. 737. See Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 1292 ; Loth, no. 158 ; 
Pertsch, no. 597 ; the Paris Catalogue, no. 
751 ; and the Khedive's Library, vol. i., 
p. 309. 

The present volume contains the latter 
half of the commentary, extending from the 
beginning of _KiN L->^ to the end of the 

work. The portion of the text which it 
embraces is also the latter half of the 
Mishkat, corresponding with pp. 259 576 
of the Bombay edition. 

The MS. is slightly defective at the begin- 
ning. The first part of the introduction to 
is lost ; but the first rubric con- 



tains the initial words of the text : 



b JuJ, wJ 



The commentary begins : 



A complete copy of the same commentary 
in two large volumes is described by Loth, 
nos. 158-59. See also Haj. Khal., vol. v., 



TRADITION. 



p. 568, and the Khedive's Library, vol. i., 
p. 302, where the work is stated to have been 
completed A.H. 1008. 

141. 

Or. 1107. Foil. 232; 15 in. by 10; 35 
lines, 7y in. long; written in a cursive Indian 
character : dated 23 Dulka'dah, A.H. 1092 
(A.D. 1681.) [WARREN HASTINGS.] 

A Persian commentary upon the same 
work, Mishkat al-Masabih, by 'Abd al-Hakk 
B. Saif al-Dm al-Dihlawi, who died A.H. 
1052. See the Persian Catalogue, p. 14. 

This MS. contains only the last quarter 
of that voluminous commentary, extending 
from the beginning of LJ\&\ i^b to the end 
of the work. The text which it comprises 
corresponds with pp. 384 576 of the Bombay 
edition of the Mishkat al-Masabih. 

An Arabic commentary, mentioned in the 
epilogue as previously written by the same 
author and entitled, \Lix> -J* <j ^2-jJLM O\*l 
J^aU, is frequently quoted in the margin of 
the same edition. 

142. 

Or. 4008. Foil. 106; 4f in. by 3f; 14 lines, 
2^ in. long ; written in unpointed Neskhi, 
apparently in the 15th century. 

[GLASEB, no 306.] 

A collection of Hadiths, in alphabetical 
order, imperfect at beginning and end, and 
without author's name. It contains the bare 
text of the Hadiths, arranged according to 
the initial letters, in 28 Babs. The compiler, 
whose name does not appear, was probably a 
Maghribi ; for he follows the order of the 
alphabet used in the West. 

The first Bab, that of \, is subdivided into 



ten Fasls ; but the MS. contains only the 
latter part of the sixth and the last four. 
The seventh Fasl contains Hadiths beginning 
with the article. It commences as follows : 



The second Bab begins, fol. 196, with the 
heading : UJ1 ^t *****N ^ J j\3\ ^U\ 

The remaining Babs are in the following 
order : O fol. 236, ii fol. 27a, ^ fol. 33a, 
c fol. 34a, fol. 35a, ,> fol. 385, i fol. 396, 
j ib., j fol. 44a, L fol. 416, eU fol. 42a, J fol. 
526, r fol. 625, ^ fol. 88a, ^ fol. 925, ^ 
fol. 94a, ^fol. 946, ^ fol. 966, uJ fol. 97a, J 
fol. 99a, o fol. 996, oi fol. 1016, t fol. 102a, 
j fol. 103a, ^ fol. 1046. 

The last Bab is imperfect. Letters in red 
ink at the beginning of the Hadiths, mostly 
J u <-? J ( e * c< are abbreviated references 
to the canonical books in which they are 
found. 



This is probably the work entitled t_- 
xJ1 JJ ^ ^^ L?J^ by Abu '1- 'Abbas 
Ahmad B. Ma'add al-Tujibi al-Iklishi (d. 
A.H. 549 or 550), the arrangement of 
which is identical. See Haj. Khal., vol. v., 
p. 263, vi., p. 305 ; the Leyden Catalogue, 
vol. iv., p. 76 ; the Berlin Catalogue, no. 
1298 ; and the Khedive's Library, vol. i., 
p. 274. A previous work on Hadith by the 
same author entitled <-*>j^>\ Juu ^ ,_/ ^ 
ps^'j is divided into ten Babs. See the 
Khedive's Library, vol. vii., p. 270. 

143. 

Or. 3607. Foil. 305; 10$ in. by 7 ; 19 lines, 
4| in. long ; written in large and elegant 

M 2 



84 



TRADITION. 



Neskhi, apparently in the 14th or 15th 
century. 



The eighth and last volume of an extensive 
collection of Hadiths by Majd al-Dln Abu '1- 
Sa'adat al-Mubarak B. Muh. B. Muh. B. 
'Abd al-Karim, called Ibn al-Athir, al-Jazari, 
who died A.H. 606 (see Ibn Khallikan, vol. 
ii., p. 551, and Haj. KhaL, vol. ii., p. 501). 

On the first page is written the follow- 
ing title within an illuminated border : ' 
5,80 A 










The Jami' al-Usul is divided into three 
parts termed Rukn. The first is an intro- 
duction to the science of tradition. The 
second contains Hadiths classed under head- 
ings alphabetically arranged. The third is 
chiefly taken up with biographical notices 
relating to Companions and traditionists, in 
alphabetical order. 

This third Rukn comprises three Fanns, 
the second of which is subdivided into five 
Babs. The present volume contains the 
latter part of Bab 4, namely, biographical 
notices from letter to the end of the 
alphabet, Bab 5, and the third and last Fann 
of the Rukn. It begins as follows : 



Contents. Letter c. Names of Sahabah, or 



Companions of the Prophet, fol. 15. Names 
of the Tabi'in and their successors, fol. 456. 
Contemporaries of the Prophet, who were 
not Muslims, fol. 1086. Women, fol. 110&. 
Kunyahs, fol. 1126. Patronymics, fol. 1166. 
Nisbahs, fol. 1186. 

The next-following letters, similarly sub- 
divided, viz., ^ fol. 1226 ; ,_ fol. 1276 : J 
fol. 136a ; uiJ fol. 151o ; J fol. 159a ; r fol. 
163a ; ^ fol. 2256 j _, fol. 240a ; > fol. 247a ; 
^ fol. 2556. 

Bab 5. Names of some persons alluded 
to in the Hadiths, but not mentioned by 
name in the text, fol. 269<z. 

Fann III. Detailed statement of the di- 
vision and contents of the whole work, 
fol. 2756. The author's conclusion, fol. 304. 

The copyist, Muh. B. 'Abdallah B. al- 
Ma'junah al-Mausili, states, in the colophon, 
that he transcribed the MS. from a copy 
taken from the autograph of the author in 
al-Mausil. 

For copies of detached volumes of the 
work see the Khedive's Library, vol. i., pp. 
178180 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 728-29 ; 
and Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, nos. 1311 
13 (the last no. has partly the same contents 
as our MS.) Abridgments are mentioned 
in the catalogues of Munich, no. 129 ; Paris, 
no. 130 ; and Berlin, nos. 131520. 

144. 

Or. 4368. Foil. 183 ; 8 in. by 6J ; 17 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in large, partly vocalized, 
Neskhi ; dated 13 Muharram, A.H. 1220 
(A.D. 1805). [BUDGE.] 

A collection of three hundred Hadiths, 
each of which is followed by an edifying 
narrative and a piece of verse, compiled by 



TRADITION. 



85 



al-'Mu'afa B. Isma'Il B. al-Husain B. al- 
Hasan B. Abi l'-Fath Abi '1-Sinan, who died 
A.H. 630 (v. no. 112). 

Beg. 411 J\j&&\ JS . . 



411 



4)1 



This is the work called u^xlaJuU (_r^, and 
mentioned among the writings of the author 
(v. Haj. Khal., vol. i., p. 454). The title 
does not occur in the text, but in this en- 
dorsement, by another hand, 



The first Hadith begins : 3\^ 



It is followed by a short narrative, ascribed 
to Wahb B. Munabbih, relating also to Para- 
dise, and by two lines of poetry. A similar 
arrangement obtains throughout the work, 
the Hadiths, as well as the accompanying 
narratives, being numbered from 1 to 300. 

The MS. was written for Kadi Faid Allah 
Efendi, Nakib al-Shurafa, in Mossul. 



!)! 



Copyist : 



In the Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 283, 
the author is called ^Uc- ^^\ JU>- 



145. 

Or. 1412. Foil. 187; 9fin. by6; 13 lines, 
3f in. long; written in a cursive and elegant 
Persian Neskhi ; dated Rajab, A.H. 772 
(A.H. 1371). 



A collection of Hadiths, alphabetically 
arranged, by RadI al-Dm Abu '1-Fada'il al- 
Hasan B.. Muh. B. al-Hasan al-Saghani, who 
died A.H. 650. See the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 713a. 



The margins are full of notes, written in a 
minute character, mostly extracted from a 
commentary not specified. The first portion 
of the original MS. is lost; it has been 
replaced by a modern transcript, foil. 463. 

For other copies see the Khedive's Library, 
vol. i., p. 308 ; the Paris Catalogue, no. 737 ; 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 1322 ; and 
Rosen, Marsigli Collection, no. 82. 



146. 



Or. 2896. Foil. 328 ; lOf in. by 7 ; 29 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fair close Neskhi, 
with occasional vowels, about A.H. 861 69 
(A.D. 145765). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 



A full commentary by Hasan B. 'Ali al- 
Fayyumi upon the collection of traditions 
entitled al-Targhib wal-Tarhib, by Zuki al- 
Dm Abu Muh. 'Abd al-Rahim B. 'Abd al- 



86 



TRADITION. 



Kawi al-Mundiri, who died A.H. 656 (see 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 707a, note d, and 
p. 720a). 



Beg. 



JU 
*~1M 5W 



JJ\ 



J-fr 



The author remarks, in the preface, that 
the work of al-Mundiri, which was extremely 
popular in all countries, and was especially 
read during the sacred months of Rajab, 
Sha'ban and Ramadan, contained rare words, 
the explanation of which was only to be 
found in lexica. Seeing that no one had yet 
undertaken to comment it, he was induced 
to apply himself to that task, and had read 
for that purpose a number of works explain- 
ing the Hadiths, and commemorating the 
Companions and their successors. After a 
full enumeration of those which he had con- 
sulted, the author proceeds to set forth the 
scope of his commentary as follows: iJJj 



^L-J. 

The author, who does not seem to be 
otherwise known, appears to have lived in 
the ninth century of the Hijrah. The latest 
of the works he consulted are by writers who 



lived about A.H. 800. They include Hada'ik 
al-Auliya and Sharh 'Umdat al-Ahkam, by 
Ibn al-Mulakkin ('Umar B. 'Ali ; d. A.H. 
804) ; al-Dibajah fi Sharh Ibn Majah, by al- 
Kamal al-Damiri (Muh. B. Musa ; d. A.H. 
808) ; Kitab al- Jihad and Tanblh al-Ghafilin, 
by Ibn al-Nahhas al-Shahld (Ahmad B. 
Ibrahim; d. A.H. 814; v. Haj. Khal., 
vol. ii., p. 428). He quotes also, fol. 2615, 
the glosses of Shaikh al-Islam al-Bulkini 
(d. A.H. 805 ; Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 508) 
upon the abridgment of Sunan Abi Da'ud, 
by al-Mundiri. On the other hand, the date 
of the MS. shows that the work was written 
before A.H. 869. The colophon is as follows : 



The first two numerals of the date are 
obliterated ; the unit is quite gone ; but 
the two dots remaining over the lost decade 
show that it cannot have been any other 
than sixty yjC>, so that the date must range 
between the years 861 and 869. 

The commentary does not include the 
entire text ; the passages explained are 
preceded by the word &Jy in red ink. The 
present volume comprises only a small part 
of the work. The portion of the text over 
which it extends, corresponds with foil. 3 
17 of an abridgment, Or. 410, noticed in 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 720a, and hardly 
amounts to a twelfth part of the whole work. 

The main divisions of the text included in 
the volume are : 

Fol. 2a. 
Fol. 14a, 



TRADITION. 



87 



Pol. 575. 
Fol. 671. 



Fol. 79a. 



Fol. 85a. 

Fol. 1296. 

Fol. 189ft. 

The last rubric, fol. 320a, is 

^JLJj ^fr l^s-^p-^ ^J^P i'^-fl)\ uily. It is 
stated, in the colophon, that the second volume 
was to begin with the section relating to the 
prayers called Jj\jiN. 

The margins contain corrections and addi- 
tions by the same hand as the text. From 
other marginal notes, it would appear that 
the author, there called Badr al-Dln, had 
revised this copy while reading it before a 
scholar, only designated as Muhammad B. 
Kasim. Thus we read in the margin of 
fol. 1506 i 



w *JJU Similar notes occur 
at foil. 108a and 121ft. 

On the first page is a note dated A.H. 1059, 
stating that the MS. belonged to the library 
of Amir al-Muminin al-Mutawakkil 'ala-llah 
Isma'Il B. al-Mansur-billah al-Kasim (one of 
the Zaidi Imams of Yemen, A.H. 1055 
1087). 

For copies of the al-Targhib wal-Tarhib, 
see De Slane, Paris Catalogue, nos. 740-41 ; 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, nos. 1328 31 ; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 168. 

147. 

Or. 1190. Foil. 427; 8J in. by 5f ; 21 lines, 
3|- in. long ; written in small and clear 
Neskhi, about A.H. 907911 (A.D. 1501 
1505). [ALEX. JABA.] 



The well-known alphabetical collection of 
Hadiths by Jalal al-Dln 'Abd al-Rahman 
al-Suyuti. 

On the first page is written the following 
title, within a border illuminated in blue and 

gold : 



At the end the author states that he com- 
pleted the work on Monday, 28 Rabl' I., 
A.H. 907. The MS. appears to have been 
written in the author's life-time, i.e., between 
the last mentioned date and that of his death, 
A.H. 911 ; for to his name is added in the 
colophon: 



The work has been printed in Bulak, 
A.H. 1286. For MSS. see the Arabic Cata- 
logue, pp. 1126, 510a ; Loth, no. 549 ; 
Pertsch, no. 597 ; Paris, no. 766 ; Berlin, 
no. 1353; Leyden, vol. iv., p. 74; and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. i., pp. 210212. 

148-9. 

Or. 4208-9. Two uniform volumes, 9J in. 
by 6^-, consisting respectively of foil. 334 
and 421; 19 lines, 3 in. long; dated 
Monday, 9 Dulka'dah A.H. 1258 (A.D. 1842). 

[LANE.] 
The same work. 

The first volume, which ends with letter j, 
has copious marginal notes. The second 
volume begins with letter ^ and completes 
the work. 

Copyist : ^ ^ VLJ1 ( J^^ 

150. 

Or. 4210. Foil. 247 ; 9 in. by 6 ; from 
17 to 19 lines, 4 in. long; written in fair, 



TRADITION. 



partly vocalized, Neskhi ; dated 3 Bab? L, 
A.H. 1036 (A.D. 1626). [LANE.] 

The second volume of the same work, ex- 
tending from the beginning of letter o to 
the end, with marginal notes. 

Copyist : ^ ^b ^ 



151. 

Or. 1030. Foil. 375 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 25 lines, 
3$ in. long ; written in small Neskhi, in the 
17th century. 



A full commentary upon the preceding 
work, al-Jami' al-Saghir. 

The author, whose name does not appear, 
is 'Abd al-Ba'uf B. Taj al-'Arifm al- 
Munawi, who died A.H. 1031 (v. Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 600a, and Khulasat al-Athar, 
vol. ii., p. 412). This is shown by com- 
parison with the shorter commentary of the 
same writer, Add. 9504 (v. Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 113a, and the Paris Catalogue, no. 768). 

The present volume, which in the colophon 

is called the third cJHJ\ j*?', contains the 
latter part of letter Alif from the Hadith 

jff* l> >!tf e/J W^N LT* ^^ J^ <J 

\i\k-l to the end. 

The explanation begins as follows : J\j' 



* tj\h y^^OJ ^i 

According to Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 552, 
the title of the extensive commentary is 
jjjuoM *W rj"*- j-^ Ua^' It was subse- 
quently (A.H. 1016) abridged by the author 
under the title of ^x-xi\. See Khulasat al- 
Athar, vol. ii., p. 413 ; De Slane, Paris 



Catalogue, no. 768 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. i., p. 175. 

The commentary comprises the entire text 
written in red ink, and gives, besides verbal 
explanations, comments on the sources of 
the Hadiths and the weight of testimony in 
their support. 

On the first page is a note by a former 
owner, with the date A.H. 1048 (A.D. 1638). 



Shi'ah Tradition. 

152. 

Or. 2978. Foil. 44; 13f in. by 9 ; 34 lines, 
6 in. long ; written in a neat and minute, 
almost microscopic, Persian Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 16th century. 

[H. A. STERN.] 



The great Shi'ah collection of Hadith, also 
called <jK3\ jl* , by Abu Ja'far Muhammad 
B. Ya'kub al-Kulmi, who died A.H. 328. 



Beg. : 



all 



2 U 



The title, and the author's name, are found 
at the end of the first Juz, fol. 15a : 



The great Shi'ah traditionist was called 
Kulini, from Kulm, a village belonging to 
Rai. The name is thus spelt by Sam'am, 
fol. 4866 ; by Yakut, vol. iv., p. 303 ; by al- 
Dahabi, Veth, Liber al-Sojutii, p. 224 ; and 
in Taj al-'Arus, vol. ix., p. 322 (in the Kamus, 



TRADITION. 



89 



p. 1798, it is spelt Kalln). See for his life, 
Tusy's List of Shy'ah Books, p. 326; Majalis 
al-Mumimn, fol. 223 ; and Kamil, vol. viii., 
p. 273. 

In the first of these works the Kafi is said 
to consist of thirty Kitabs, the headings of 
which are given. 

The present volume contains only the first 
three, viz.: 1. ^\ JJUij JiuH u-^lk'fol. 2a. 

2. .j^jdl i-A/fol. 7b. 3. i^ L-A/fol. 15a. 
The last is divided in the present copy into 
two Juz, the second of which (the third of 
the Kafi) begins, fol. 32, with the heading : 



This last Juz is imperfect at the end. 
The last rubric is : jiWj JVii^j ,JiM c-jb 

S**> !? **J SJjJ^J (_/* 

From comparison with the next MS., 
Or. 3510, fol. 1196, it appears that this copy 
wants only about the third of a page to 
complete the Juz. 

For other copies see Loth, no. 144, where 
the 30 books are enumerated, and Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 1855. 

A folio volume, lithographed in Persia, in 
the press of Hiiji Ibrahim, A.H. 1281, con- 
tains the first four Kitabs of the Kafi, ending 
with y5^j W U) < '^ Another folio, also 
lithographed in Persia, without date, con- 
tains a commentary upon the Kafi by Mulla 
Sadrii Shirazi. It is called jK)\ J^ J^ 

and comprises the first two Kitabs and a 
portion of the third. It was composed, as 

stated at the end of ^-^\ ^--IS/, A.H. 1044. 

153. 

Or. 3510. Foil. 241; 11 Jin. by 7f; 30 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 



red-ruled margins ; dated 22 Rabl' II., A.H. 
1072 (A.D. 1661). 

[Presented by B. B. PORTAL.] 

The first seven Kitabs of the same work, 
viz. : J^iij Ji*N <- r >\^i', fol. 3a ; 

fol. 146; i v'-^X fol. 31a; 

fol. 1206; >\*\ ^J, fol. 200t; 
j (_. >^i/, fol. 225a ; and 'ij^\ u->U/, 
foil. 2826 240. 

The third Kitab relating to the Imams is 
divided, as in the preceding copy, into two 
parts, ^a-j the second of which begins with 



Copyist (fol. 1996) : 



154. 

Or. 3267. Foil. 337 ; 11 Jin. by 6} ; 28 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with 
two 'Unwans and gold-ruled margins ; dated 
Haidarabiid, Tuesday, 15 Shawwal, A.H. 1095 
(A.D. 1684). 

A commentary upon the Kafi of al-Kulini, 
by Muhammad Salih al-Mazandarani. 



Beg. 



Mulla Muh. Salih B. Ahmad al-Mazan- 
darani was the favourite pupil and son-in-law 
of Muh. Taki Majlisi (d. A.H. 1070). The 
present work is mentioned among his writings 
by his biographers under the title of Jy^ -j 
jKN. See Kisas al-Khakani, fol. 158 ; Mir'at 
al-Ahwal, Add. 24,052, foil. 3234; Nujum 
al-Sama, p. 106 ; and Kisas al-'Ulama, p. 170. 
He died in Isfahan, A.H. 1086. See ZInat 
al-Tawarikh, Or. 3202, fol. 264. 

N 



90 



TRADITION". 



The commentary includes only detached 
passages of the text, preceded by &!y, and 
distinguished by a red line. The present 
volume comprises Kitabs iv. vi. of the Kafi, 
namely JL&\J ^UjflN <_>^ fol. 16; ^^ 
\*d\, fol. 2416 ; JJ&\ Jwii ^JsS, fol. 303a ; 
and *ji*l\ tyb/, foil. 323a 337a. The next 
volume was to begin with s 



Copyist : 

In the margin of the last page is a note 
stating that the MS. had been carefully 
collated by Hasan 'Ali, son of the author, 
who completed the task in Dulka'dah, A.H. 
1095. Hasan 'Ali was the fourth son of 
Mulla Salih. See Mir'at al-Ahwal, fol. 346. 

For other commentaries upon the Kafi see 
Ahlwardt, nos. 185658. 



Collections of forty Hadiths. 

155. 

Or. 3060. Foil. 24; 7 in. by 5; 19 lines, 
3|- in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, about 
A.H. 733 (A.D. 1332). 

[KEEMEK, no. 67.] 



A collection of forty Hadiths with com- 
mentary, by Abu Bakr Muhammad B. al- 
Husain al-Ajurri. 



Beg. ji 

> U . . . 



JW JJ 



In the introduction, the author discusses 



the Hadith quoted in the above lines, and 
states that the Prophet enjoined upon the 
Arabs, who from all quarters flocked to him 
for enlightenment, the learning by heart of 
only forty precepts, thus avoiding to over- 
task their memories, while inciting them to 
learn more in the sequel. 

The first of the forty Hadiths is : J^. y* 
OJ ,j A^ajb \ju>- &> M. The last is of great 
extent ; it consists of questions put by Abu 
Darr to the Prophet, and of the answers of 
the latter. 

To the above beginning is prefixed the 
following Isnad : ^ 



\ U^ J\ W 



^ U^ J\S 



The author, Abu Bakr Muh. B. al-Husain 
B. 'Abdallah al-Ajurri (the brickmaker) was 
teaching Hadith in Baghdad A.H. 330. He 
subsequently took up his abode in Mecca, 
where he died in Muharram, A.H. 360. See 
Ta'rikh Baghdad, Add. 23,320, fol. 26 ; al- 
Sam'ani, fol. 136; al-'Ibar, fol. 1366; and 
al-Kamil, vol. viii., p. 454. 

It is stated at the end that the MS. was 
transcribed from, and collated with, the copy 
of Abul-'Abbas Ahmad B. 'Abd al-Da'im, 
who, as it appears from the copy of a Sama' 
immediately preceding, was one of those who 
read the work, A.H. 582, before Abu '1-Faraj 
Yahya B. Mahmud al-Thakafi (see the Isnad 
above quoted). 

Lower down is an original Sarna', written 
by the same hand as the text. It relates 
to the reading of the work in Sha'ban, 



TRADITION. 



91 



A.H. 733, before Jamal al-Din Abu' '1-Hajjaj 
Yusuf B. al-Zaki 'Abd al-Rahman al-Mizzi 
(who died A.H. 742 ; see Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 738). 

See, for another copy, Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 1456. 



156. 

Or. 3835. Foil. 240 ; 8J in. by 5| ; from 
15 to 18 lines, 3^ in. long; written in fair 
Neskhi, apparently in the 17th century. 

[GLASEE, no. 123.] 



A commentary by Imam al-Mansur-billah 
'Abdallah B. Hamzah (d. A.H. 613), upon 
the collection of forty Hadiths known as al- 
Arba'un al-Sailakiyyah. 



Beg. 



* 



J\J> 



The forty Hadiths called al-Sailakiyyah 
took their name from Sayyid Abu Talib al- 
ii asan B. Muh. B. Mahdi al-Hasani al-Sailaki, 
from whom the great Zaidi traditionist, Kadi 
Ja'far B. Ahmad (c. A.H. 500) had learnt 
them. They had been originally compiled 
by Sayyid Abu'l-Kasim Zaid B. 'Abdallah 
B. Mas'ud al-Hashimi, from whom they were 
transmitted by 'AH B. al-Husain al-Hasani, 
to the above-named Sayyid al-Sailaki. See 
Shams al-Akhbar, Or. 3804, fol. 7. 

The text of the Hadiths will be noticed 
further on, Or. 3932, II. 

The present commentary is highly praised 



in the author's life, al-Hada'ik al-Wardiyyah, 
Or. 3786, fol. 1506, where it is called 



157. 

Or. 4007. Foil. 34 ; 10 in. by 7 ; written 
by various hands, for the most part in the 
13th century. [GLASEE, nos. 304, 316.] 

I. Foil. 1 5. A collection of forty Hadiths 
relating to the invocation of blessings upon 
Muhammad, by Abu '1- 'Abbas Ahmad B. 
Ma'add B. 'Isa B. Wakil al-Tujibi al-Iklishi 
al-Andalusi (who died A.H. 550), with this 

title : , i& 



Beg. 



JS 



See Haj. Khal., vol. i., p. 468, and, for 
other collections by the same author, the 
Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., p. 76, and the 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 1298. 

II. Foil. 5b 10. Poetical extracts, among 
which are two Kasidahs by Jamal al-Din 
Muh. B. al-Siddik B. Ahmad al-Sa'igh al- 
Surdadi, written from the author's dictation, 
and one by Muh. B. 'Umar al-Ghurabi, 
composed A.H. 827. 

III. Foil. 1119. Fragment of a collec- 
tion of traditions, comprising ten Hadiths, 
numbered 6 1 5. The sixth begins as follows : 



N2 



92 



TRADITION. 



Each Hadith begins with a different Isnad, 
and is followed by comments, concluding 
with a poetical quotation, for which a Riwa- 
yat is given. The compiler appears to have 
lived about the middle of the sixth century. 
He received Hadiths from celebrated tradi- 
tionists, living mostly in Persia about the 
beginning of that century, as the following: 
Abu '1-Fadl Muh. B. Tahir al-Makdisi and 
Abu 'All Isma'il B. Ahmad al-Baihaki, who 
both died A.H. 507; 'Abd al-Ghaffar B. 
'Muh. al-Shiru'i, who died A.H. 510; al- 
Husain B. Mas'ud al-Baghawi, who died 
A.H. 516; and Hibat-allah B. al-Faraj, 
called Ibn Ukht al-Tawil, who died in 
Hamadan, A.H. 542. 

IV. Foil. 2025. Answers of 'Ali B. 
Humaid B. Ahmad B. al-Walid al-Kurashi 
to questions relating to the sense of some 
Hadiths, imperfect at the beginning. The 
first paragraph begins : w * *i& cJl~ U Wj 



This is the author's autograph, finished on 
Friday, 4 Rabi' II., A.H. 623 (A.D. 1226), 



V. Foil. 256 31. Answers of Imam al- 
Mansur-billah 'Abdallah B. Hamzah (d. A.H. 
613) to questions relating chiefly to the pre- 
decessors of 'Ali in the Khilafat. 



Beg. 



Some of the answers are extracted from 
the treatise entitled iU!\ 2L>j5\. All are 
stated to have been transcribed from the 
Imam's autograph. The copy, written by 
the same hand as art. iv., is dated 8 Rajab, 
A.H. 623. 

Appended are answers by 'Ali B. Humaid, 
to questions of Faklh 'Umair al-Darlr and 
others. 



158. 

Or. 3061. Foil. 155 ; 7 in. by 5Jj 15 lines, 
3^- in. long; written in a bold scholarlike 
hand, apparently in the 14th century. 

[KREMER, no. 68.] 

A collection of forty Hadiths, arranged 
under the names of as many tradition] sts, by 
Sharaf al-Dm Abu'l-Hasan 'Ali B. al- 
Mufaddal B. 'Ali B. Mufarrij B. Hatim al- 
Makdisi al-Mrdiki, who died A.H. 611 (v. 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 734&). The following 

title is prefixed : oliuk ^ '^)J 



j> ** 



u? 



Beg. 



To the above beginning is prefixed the 
following Isnad, in substantial agreement 
with another copy described in the Arabic 

Catalogue, I.e. : 

JS 



TRADITION. 



90 
u 



,3J\ 



The author's disciple, Rashid al-Din Abu'l- 
Husain 'Ali B. Yahya al-Kurashi al-'Attar, 
the first traditionist of Egypt in his day, died 
A.H. 662. See Tabakat al-Huffaz, xviii., 
26. Sharaf al-Din Muh. B. 'Abd al-Hakam 
al-Sa'di, who learned the book from the 
preceding, was teacher of Hadith in the 
Madrasat al-Sahibiyyah, Cairo, where he died 
A.H. 686. See Ta'rlkh al-Islam, Or. 53, 
fol. 50. 

The Hadiths are arranged, as stated in 
the preface, under forty of the leading tradi- 
tionists, who are grouped four by four under 
ten Tabakat or generations. The first 
generation is that of the Tabi'In, who 
received traditions immediately from the 
Companions of the Prophet. The last is 
that which immediately preceded the period 
in which the Shaikhs of the author lived. 
Under each of those forty names are found 
full biographical notices in which are 
enumerated the men from whom the subject 
of the notice received traditions, as well as 
those to whom he transmitted them, and the 
main circumstances of his life. 

The contents of the first six Tabakat have 
been stated, from an incomplete copy, in the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 735. The last four 
contain notices of the following traditionists: 

Tabakah vii. Abu '1-Kasim Hamzah B. 
Muh. B. 'Ali al-Kattiini al-Misri, who died 
A.H. 357, fol. S4b. 

Abu '1-Hasan 'Ali B. 'Umar al-Darakutni, 
who died A.H. 385, fol. 896. 

Abu Ahmad 'Abdallah B. 'Adi al-Jurjani, 



who died before A.H. 370 (A.H. 365, v. 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 712, note g), fol. 95a. 

Abu Bakr Ahmad B. Ibrahim B. Isma'il 
Ibn Mirdas al-Isma'ili al-Jurjuni, who died 
after A.H. 370 (A.H. 371 according to 
Sam'ani, fol. 36, and Ta'rlkh al-Islam, 
Or. 48, fol. 123), fol. 99a. 

Tabakah viii. Al-Hakim Abu 'Abdallah 
Muh.B. 'Abdallah al-Naisaburi,Ibn al-Bayyi', 
who died A.H. 405, fol. 103. 

Abu Muh. 'Abd al-Ghani B. Sa'id al-Azdi, 
who died A.H. 409, fol. 107J. 

Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. Ishak Ibn Mandah 
al-'Abdi al-Isbahani (who died A.H. 395 ; 
Ta'rlkh al-Islam, Or. 48, fol. 242), fol. 1126- 

Abu Mas'ud Ibrahim B. Muh. B. 'Ubaid 
al-Kindi al-Dimashki, who died A.H. 401 
(or A.H. 400; Ta'rikh al-Islam, fol. 261), 
fol. 11 7a. 

Tabakah ix. Abu Bakr Ahmad B. Muh. 
B. Ghalib al-Khuwarazmi al-Barkani, who 
died A.H. 425, fol. 120&. 

Abu Nu'aim Ahmad B. 'Abdallah al- 
Isbahani, who died A.H. 430, fol. 123a. 

Abu Darr 'Abd B. Ahmad B. Muh. B. 
'Abdallah B. Grhufair al-Harawi, who died 
A.H. 434, fol. 130a. 

Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. 'Ali al-Suri, who 
died A.H. 441, fol. 136a. 

Tabakah x. Abu Bakr Ahmad B. 'AH 
al-Khatlb al-Baghdadi, who died A.H. 463, 
fol. 140a. 

Abu Bakr Ahmad B. al-Husain al-Naisa- 
buri al-Baihaki, who died A.H. 458, fol. 145*. 

Abu 'Umar Yusuf B. 'Abdallah Ibn 'Abd 
al-Barr al-Namari, who died A.H. 463, fol. 
1486. 

Al-Amir Abu Nasr ['Ali] B. al-Wazir Abu'l- 



94 



TRADITION. 



Kasim Hibat Allah, called Ibn Makula, who 
died after A.H. 470 (A.H. 475 according 
to Ibn Khallikan, De Slane, vol. ii., p. 248 ; 
A.H. 486 or 487 according to Ta'rlkh al-Islam, 
Or. 50, fol. 205), fol. 205. 

The first of the forty Hadiths is a short 
narrative, by Anas B. Malik, of a visit paid by 
the Prophet to his (Anas') mother's house. 
It begins : j j 



The principal authority is Abu Tahir 
Ahmad B. Muh. B. Ahmad Ibn Silafah al- 
Silafi al-Isbahani (died A.H. 576, v. Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 731, note o) whom the author 
calls his Shaikh, and quotes on every page. 

On the first page is a list of the subjects 
of the notices, and on the preceding fly-leaf 
a table of the Hadiths. 

A similar collection, by the same author, 
described by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 1467, contains forty Hadiths arranged 
under the names of forty Companions, with 
notices relating to the latter. 



Special Collections of Hadith. 

159. 

Or. 4279. Foil. 168; 10|- in. by 6f ; 25 
lines, 5 in. long ; written in fair, but sparely 
pointed, Neskhi ; dated Sham (Damascus) 
Wednesday, 28 Jumada II., A.H. 746 (A.D. 
1345). [BUDGE.] 

< aj \JL*Ji 



A work on traditions relating to the merits 
of Muhammad and the obligations of the 
faithful towards him, by Abu '1-Fadl e lyad 



B. Musa B. Tyad al-Yahsubi, who died 
A.H; 544. 



Beg. : 



U3I 



JlS 



The work has been printed in Constanti- 
nople, A.H. 1264, 1290, 1293, and in Cairo, 
A.H. 1276. For MSS. see the Arabic Cata- 
logue, pp. 97, 387 ; Aumer, no. 447 ; Loth, 
no. 163 ; the Berlin Catalogue, nos. 2559 
63 ; Pertsch, no. 719 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. i., pp. 245, 288. 

Copyist : 



160. 

Or. 3053. Foil. 27 ; 8| in. by 5J ; 21 lines, 
4| in. long ; written in a scholarlike hand, 
apparently about the close of the 15th 
century. [KREMEE, no. 53.] 

A treatise on traditions (Hadith) relating 
to the plague, by Jalal al-Dm 'Abd al- 
Rahman al-Suyuti, with the following title, 
from which it appears that the present copy 
was written in the author's life-time : t\ U 



Beg. 



The work is abridged, as stated in a short 
preamble, from the (^U^ JJ^ of Shaikh al- 
Islam Ibn Hajar, from which the Isnads 
have been omitted. In the list of his works 
al-Suyuti mentions it under the heading of 



TRADITION. 



vi., p. 669, 



Hadith; v. Haj. Khal., vol. , 

no. 71, and compare vol. ii., p. 41, and vol. v., 

p. 352. 

It is divided into chapters (fa si) not num- 
bered, the headings of which are given in the 
Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., p. 262. The latter 
part of the present copy does not quite agree 
with the Leyden MS. The contents are : 
Enumeration of plagues in Muslim times, 
brought down to A.H. 897, fol. 156 ; Maka- 
mah of Ibn al-Wardi on the plague of 
A.H. 749, fol. 216; Letter of Baha al-Dm 
al-Subki on the same plague, with the answer 
of Salah al-Dm al-Safadi, fol. 24a; Select 
verses of various poets, foil. 266 276. 

The last section concludes with two lines 
of al-Suyuti on the plague of A.H. 897. 

For other copies see the Khedive's Library, 
vol. vii., pp. 185, 589 ; the Leyden Cata- 
logue, I.e.; the Gotha Catalogue, no. 58, 3 , 
no. 1977 ; and Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
nos. 1429-30. Suyuti's treatise is the main 
authority consulted by A. v. Kremer in his 
memoir "Ueber die grossen Seuchen des 
Orients," Sitzungsberichte der K. Akademie, 
Phil. Hist. Classe, 1880, pp. 69156, which 
includes the Arabic text of the historical 
portion of the work. 



161. 

Or. 1549. Foil. 120; 8Jin.by5|; 15 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi, 
apparently in the 16th century. 

[Sin H. RAWLINSON.] 

A compilation of miscellaneous extracts, 
chiefly from collections of Hadith, and later 
works, such as those of al-Nawawi and Ibn 
Hajar, without title or author's name. 

Beg. o- 



95 



The work appears to have been compiled 
in the tenth century of the Hijrah. It 
contains references to the works of al-Suyuti 
(d. A.H. 911), namely to his ^ *Jai ^i. 
.1jli (Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 613), and to the 
Husn al-Muhadarah. See foil. 13, 606. 

There is no methodical arrangement. The 
principal topics are the apparition of angels 
at the battle of Badr, fol. 2 ; the duty of 
visiting the dead, fol. 3 ; the story of Abu 
Sufyan and Heraclius, fol. 156; the scales 
in which the works of the dead are weighed, 
fol. 286 ; the stories of the Virgin Mary and 
Jesus, fol. 66 ; of David, fol. 103a ; of Luk- 
man, fol. 108a ; and of Jonas, fol. 113a. 



162. 

Or. 3887. Foil. 47 ; 9 in. by 6 ; from 20 
to 23 lines, 4 in. long; written in the cursive 
Neskhi of Yemen ; dated Tuesday, 3 Rabi' I., 
A.H. 1242 (A.D. 1826). 

[GLASER, no. 173.] 



A commentary upon the Hadith of Abu 
Darr, by Muhammad B. 'Ali al-Shaukani. 

Beg. 



Abu Darr Jundab al-Ghifari, the fifth 
convert to Islamism, died A.H. 33 (see 
Sprenger, Leben des Moh., vol. i., p. 454). 

The Hadith, recorded on his authority by 
Muslim and others, relates to Divine utter- 



96 



TRADITION. 



ances alleged by Muhammad to have been 
addressed to himself. It begins : 



The author, having found no comment 
upon it, except one of about half a leaf by 
al-Nawawi in his commentary upon Muslim, 
was induced to write the present work. 
After giving the various versions of the said 
Hadith by Muslim, al-Tirmidi, Ibn Majah 
and al-Baihaki, and adding some notices of 
the traditionists by whom it was handed 
down, he enters upon a full exposition of 
the text, which he elucidates by copious 
quotations of other traditions. 

It is stated at the end that the work was 
completed in Muharram, A.H. 1240. The 
transcriber, who calls the author his father 



says that the 
present copy was taken from a transcript of 
the rough draft of the author. 



Science of Tradition. 

163. 

Or. 3062. Foil. 220 ; 9| in. by 6^ ; 19 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Cairo, Monday, six days before the end of 
Rabi' II., A.H. 1297 (A.D. 1880). 

[KEEMER, no. 69.] 

A work treating of the mis-spellings which 
occur in rare words of the traditions and in 
the proper names of the traditionists, by Abu 
Ahmad al-Hasan B. 'Abdullah B. Sa'Id al- 



'Askari al-Lughawi, with the title : 



4JJ\ JuS- 



The author, a celebrated philologist, who 
died A.H. 382 (see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 652, note c ; Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's 
version, vol. i., p. 382 ; Ta'rikh al-Islam, 
Or. 48, fol. 177 ; and Bughyat al-Wu'at, 
fol. 115i), extracted it, as stated in the 
preface, at the request of some men in Rai 
and Ispahan, from a large work on Tashif, 
or mis-spelling in general, previously written 

bv himself : kliWU A*^ *J d*-r-* t 'Hj ^JJ 

J 




The author's great work 
is mentioned by Ibn Khallikan and al- 
Dahabi, I.e. ; and by Haj. Khal., vol. ii., 
p. 302. 

An Isnad, or catena, consisting of four 
links, is prefixed to the text. The earliest 
of these links is Abu '1-Hasan Ahmad B. 
Abi Bakr Muh. B. Zanjuyah al-Isbahani, 
who learnt the book from the author. 



TRADITION. 



97 



It is stated in the colophon that the MS. 
was transcribed from a copy in the Khedivial 
Library, dated Saturday, 14 Rabl' I., A.H. 
621 (A.D. 1224). 



164. 

Or. 3070. Foil. 74 ; 8f in. by 6 ; 25 
lines, 3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, 
apparently in the 19th century. 

[KREMEE, no. 78.J 

An introduction to the science of Hadith, 
by Abu Zakariyya Yahya B. Sharaf al- 
Nawawi, who died A.H. 676 (v. Haj. Khal., 
vol. i., p. 257) with this title : 



Beg.: 



U 



<jJJ\ J-o 



Jl 



The author describes his work as an 
abridgment of the <^oj^ s- '&j*+ by Abu 
'Amr 'Uthman B. 'Abd al-Rahman al-Shafi'i, 
known as Ibn al-Salah, who died A.H. 643 
(Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 249). 

The work is divided into 65 sections 
termed ey, the headings of which have been 
given by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, nos. 
103840. The final words quoted by 
Ahlwardt under no. 1040 occur at fol. 72i 
of the present copy, and are followed by two 
more pages and a few lines. The last words 
are : 



165. 



Or. 4042. Foil. 72 ; 7f in. by 6 ; about 25 
lines, 4^ in. long ; written in fair, but almost 
unpointed, Neskhi, apparently in the 15th 
century. [GLASER, no. 344A. ] 

I. Foil. 169 (-Aj 



A treatise on the science of Hadith by 
Shaikh al-Islam Siraj al-Dlu Abu Hafs 
'Umar B. Raslan al-Bulkini, who died 
A.H. 805 (v. Arabic Catalogue, p. 412.) 

Beg. r U\ . . 



J>\ 



The author describes his work as based 
upon the manual of Ibn al-Salah, commonly 
known as c^io*' *$ (v. Haj. Khal. vol. iv., 
p. 249, and the Berlin Catalogue, no. 1037), 
which it at once condenses and elucidates. 

The contents have been described by 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 1048. The 
first leaves of the present copy are damaged, 
so that a portion of the lines in their upper 
half is lost. 

II. Foil. 69572. Biographical notices 
extracted from the work entitled ,^** 
<_>-^ftU by Kadi Shihab al-Dln Ibn Hajar 
(d. A.H. 852). See the Khedive's Library, 
vol. i., p. 139. They relate to some tradi- 
tionists who died about the close of the 
eighth, or in the first half of the ninth, 
century of the Hijrah. The first is Majd 
al-Dln al-Flruzabadi (d. A.H. 817) ; the last 
Isma'il B. Abi Bakr Ibn al-Mukri (d. 
A.H. 837). 

166. 

Or. 2796. Foil. 239 ; 7 in. by 5 ; 19 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in close and distinct 

o 



98 



THEOLOGY. 



Neskhi ; dated Wednesday, 28 Rabi' II., 
A.H. 899 (A.D. 1484). [GHANDOUR BEY.] 

A metrical treatise on the science of 
Hadith, known as Alfiyyat al-Hadlth, by 
Zain al-Dln Abu '1-Fadl <Abd al-Rahtm B. 
al-Husain al-Athari al-'Iraki al-Shafi'i al- 
Misri, with a full commentary by the author. 

The following title is prefixed : _ * t^'oi 






Beg. of the commentary : J-i' t/jJl all 



>> 

For the text see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 3966. The author was born A.H. 725, and 
died in Cairo on the 2nd of Sha'ban, A.H. 806. 
Ibn Hajar, the foremost of his disciples, de- 
scribes him in the Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 149, as 
the most eminent traditionist of his time, 
and states that he (Ibn Hajar) read with 
him both the Alfiyyah and its commentary. 

At the end of the commentary the author 
says that the Urjuzah was completed on the 
3rd of Jumfida II., A.H. 768, in Medina, and 
the commentary on the 29th of Ramadan, 
A.H. 771. The title of the latter is xj 
L^OAS!' JuflM ^jL> <^-*4'. See Haj. Khal., 
vol. i., p. 416. 

On the last page is a Sama' dated A.H. 1053. 

For other copies of the Alfiyyah see Loth, 
no. 197 ; Pertsch, no. 579 ; the Vienna 
Catalogue, vol. iii., p. 82 ; Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, nos. 107175; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. i., p. 118. For copies of the 
same commentary, see Ahlwardt, no. 1076 ; 
the Paris Catalogue, no. 754 ; and the Khe- 
dive's Library, voJ. i., pp. 128, 132. 



THEOLOGY. 

167. 

Or. 4264. Foil. 32 ; 8$ in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
3J in. long; written in fair Neskhi, appa- 
rently in the 18th century. [BUDGE.] 



A commentary on the metrical profession 
of faith known as ,jlj^.^ 'J^a&, and ascribed 
to Muhammad B. al-Hasan al-Shaibani, who 
died A!H. 189 (v. Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's 
translation, vol. ii., p. 590). 



Beg. 



13^3 13) JA ^$&\ JJ 



The first line of the Kasidah, the text of 
which is included, is : 



The commentator says that his commen- 
tary was, as far as he knew, the first written 
on that work. His name, which does not 
appear in the MS., is Najm al-Dln Muh. B. 
'Abdallah B. { Abd al-Rahman al-Dimashki, 
called Ibn Kadi 'Ajlun. He is said to have 
died A.H. 876 (Haj. Khal., vol. iv., pp. 214, 
243). 

For copies of the poem see the Berlin 
Catalogue, nos. 1933 35, and Pertsch, no. 
659. For MSS. of the commentary see 
Ahlwardt, Verzeichniss, no. 141, and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. ii., p. 6, and vol. vii., 
p. 651. 

168. 

Or. 2675. Foil. 212 ; 10 in. by 6$ ; 23 
lines, 5 in. long ; written in thick and 
bold Neskhi, probably in the 13th century; 
damaged by damp, and in parts much faded. 

[H. G. KEENE.] 



THEOLOGY. 



99 



Tlie first volume of an extensive work, 
containing the opinions and teachings of 
Imam Abu 'Abdallah Ahmad B. Muhammad 
Ibn Hanbal, compiled by Abu Bakr Ahmad 
B. Muhammad B. Harun B. Yazld B. Shimri 
al-Khallfil, with this title : <_--li/ 

5 J\ Jj.L-0 



UI 



Beg. 



j 



Jli' 



(^JJi (J^ t^-S? 

Although the work is designated in the 
above title as al-Musnad, it must not be 
confounded with the vast collection of Hadiths 
written by Ibn Hanbal himself, and known 
as Musnad Ahmad. See Haj. Khal., vol. v., 
p. 534 ; the Berlin Catalogue, no. 1257 ; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 304. 

While containing a great number of 
Hadiths handed down by Ibn Haubal, the 
present work has for its main object the 
teachings and utterances of the great Imam 
himself. The first volume is of special 
interest as setting forth in great detail, and 
in his own words, his views as to the legiti- 
macy of the first five Khalifs, as to the early 
sects of Islamism, and on the question 
whether the Goran is created or not, a fierce 
controversy which was raging in his time, 
and exposed him to grievous persecution. 

Ibn Hanbal was born in Baghdad, A.H. 164, 
and died there A.H. 241. For his life see 
Ibn Khallikan,De Slane's translation, vol. i., 
p. 44; the abridgment of Ibn al-Jauzi's 



Manakib, Or. 3050; Ibn Nuktah, Or. 836, 
foil. 5759 ; and Tabakat al-Huflaz, viii., 
no. 18. 

The author of the present work, Abu Bakr 
al-Khallal al-Baghdadi, studied jurisprudence 
under Abu Bakr al-Marwadi, and devoted 
his life to the task of bringing into writing 
the legal system of Ibn Hanbal. He died 
A.H. 311. See al-Dahabi, al-'Ibar, fol. 107i. 
The present work is probably the same as 
that which Haj. Khal. notices, vol. ii., p. 579, 
under the title 



The author's master, Abu Bakr Ahmad B. 
Muh. B. al-Hajjaj al-Marwadi (so called from 
Marw ar-Rud), whom he constantly quotes, 
was the greatest of Ibn Hanbal's disciples. 
He died in Baghdad, A.H. 275. See al- 
Dahabi, ib., fol. 91i, and Yakut, vol. iv., 
p. 506. 

Ibn Hanbal is generally designated in the 
course of the work by his Kunyah, Abu 
'Abdallah, and his utterances are mostly 
called forth by questions put to him by his 
disciples, among whom are named, besides 
the above-mentioned Abu Bakr al-Marwadi, 
the Imam's son, 'Abdallah (who died A.H. 
290), al-Maimuni ('Abd al-Malik B. 'Abd al- 
Hamid, who died A.H. 294, v. 'Ibar, fol. 91) 
and others. 

The present MS. comprises the first seven 
parts *j>-, of the original work. They begin 
respectively at foil. 35, 446, 79a, 105a, 1326, 
158a, and 1796. 

The main headings are as follows : 
Fol. 6a. 



-. 






Fol. 86. 

Fol. 10a. 

Fol. 



IflJJ JjJ lej 



o 2 



100 

Fol. 21 a. 

Fol. 386. 



THEOLOGY. 



yl 



This section treats separately of Abu Bakr, 
'Umar, 'Uthman, 'Ali, and of the ten blessed 
Companions, fol. 35a ; then of the questions 
relating to conflicting claims to the Khilafat, 
in refutation of those who placed 'Ali above 
his predecessors, fol. 566 ; of the legitimacy 
of Mu'awiyah, fol. 686 ; of the battles of 
Siffin and of the Camel, fol. 74a ; and, lastly, 
of the Companions generally, fol. 77a. 

Fol. 79a (jaj\}j\^t> (including a reprobation 
of those who hand down Hadiths in disparage- 
ment of the Companions). 

Fol. 846. 
Fol. 866 

(in refutation of the Kadarriyah). 
Fol. 94a (.^U^j yW^ <->\ji 

(in refutation of the Murji'ah). 
Fol. 106a. 
Fol. 1496. 
Fol. 153a. 
Fol. 158a. j^ ^jN JIS 

The discussion of the last subject extends 
to the end of the first volume, fol. 202a. 

On the same page are found two Sama's, 
dated respectively A.H. 560 and 577, both 
transcribed from the original MS. The first 
relates to a reading of that volume before 
Shaikh Abu '1-Husain 'Ali B. Abi Sa'd B. 
Ibrahim al-Khabbaz, who had received the 
work through three intermediate links from 
Abu Bakr al-Khallal, the author. 

The remaining pages, foil. 2026 212, 
written in a small crowded character, contain 
additions of the author to various parts of 
the first volume. 



Two leaves prefixed to the MS. contain a 
table of chapters by a later hand. 



169. 

Or. 3106. Foil. 19 ; 7f in. by 5 ; from 15 
to 20 lines, 3| in. long ; written in fair thick 
Neskhi, about A.H. 898 (A.D. 1492-93). 

[KEEMEE, no. 116.] 

Refutation of the Zindlk and Jahmi here- 
sies, by Ahmad B. Muhammad Ibn Hanbal 
(d. A.H. 241), to which the following title, 
in the same handwriting as the text, is pre- 

fixed : *1M JJ* ^} pU^) *j^j L*ty\ Jc 1 > J 5\ 



Beg. 
Jl 



- bliu 



The above beginning is preceded by the 
following Isnad : yj <^Jj 
b\ ! Ix^ 



J\* liil 



J\HJ 



JU3 



' From this it appears that the work was 
handed down by the following seven men : 
1. 'Abdallah, the author's son, who died 
A.H. 290 (v. Ibn Khallikan, vol. i., p. 45, 
and al-Wafi bil-Wafayat, Add. 23,358, fol. 
186) ; 2. Al-Khidr B.al-Muthanna al-Kindi ; 



THEOLOGY. 



101 



3. Abu Bakr Ahmad B. Muh. B. Hariin al- 
Khallal, who died A.H. 311 (v. al-'Ibar, 
fol. 107J) ; 4. Abu Bakr 'Abd al-'Az!z, the 
famulus of the preceding; 5. Abul-Kasim 
'Abd al-'Aziz B. 'Ali al-Azaji, who died 
A.H. 444 (Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 49, fol. 204); 
6. Abu '1-Ghana'im Muh. B. Muh. B. Ahmad 
B. al-Muhtadi billah ; 7. Abu Tahir Mubarak 
B. Mubarak Ibn al-Ma'tush, who was bora 
A.H. 507 and died A.H. 599, being the 
youngest of the disciples -of the last (ib. Or. 
52, fol. 1486). 

After inveighing against heretics in general, 
the author denounces more especially al-Jahm, 
the enemy of God. He describes him as a 
native of Tirmid in Khorasan, who became 
perverted by the infidel sect called al-Suma- 
niyyah *ju*-A He then refutes at length 
his heresies, the principal of which are his 
assertion that the Goran was a created thing, 
and his denial of the anthropomorphic 
attributes of God. 

The work was known to the author of the 
Fihrist, who mentions it among the writings 
of Ibn Hanbal, p. 229, under the title 



The present copy was collated A.H. 898 
by the transcriber, who writes at the end : 



For the tenets of the Jahmiyyah see Shah- 
rastani, Haarbriicker's translation, vol. i., 
p. 89. 

170. 

Or. 3105. Foil. 10; 6J- in. by 4^ ; from 18 
to 22 lines, 3^- in. long; written in large 
and angular Neskhi, apparently in the 13th 
century. [KEEMEE, no. 115.] 

Detached fragments of an exposition of 
the doctrine of Ibn Hanbal, by Abu '1-Hasan 



'Ali B. Shukr B. Ahmad B. Shukr, to which 
the following title is prefixed in the hand- 
writing of the transcriber : u^ULJ" ^ J 



To the above is added, by another hand : 



Lower down, and by the same hand, is a 
Sama', in which the author declares that this 
first Juz had been read aloud by himself for 
the benefit of the owner of this copy, Rashld 
al-Din Ahmad B. Abi Bakr B. 'Ali al- 
Hamadani and others. It begins : 



Wo- 



The Sama' is signed by the author, and 
dated A.H. 616 : 



J\ 



The first page contains the initial lines of 
a preface, beginning : *jsti\ ii*-^)\ j*-\j31 

li jjo Ul . . . . ho-\*> & J i/JJ 
* siail \ 



The next page begins abruptly -with the 
following passage : ^ 



From the original folioing in Oriental 
figures, it appears that these few leaves have 
been detached from a volume of 121 folios, 
transcribed from the author's autograph MS. 
The last folio, numbered 121, has the follow- 
ing colophon : 



JSi 



102 



THEOLOGY. 



The preceding folios, foil. 2 9, bear the 
following original numbers, 108, 102, 103, 
104, 105, 99, . . 9, and 120. Fol. 7 (ori- 
ginally 99) is designated as the first of the 
second quire of the fourth Juz. 

As far as can be judged from the extant 
fragments, the work is not a commentary, 
but a compilation of the utterances of Ibn 
Hanbal upon points of doctrine, in which 
each separate statement is preceded by an 
Isnad. Thus we have at the beginning of a 

section, fol. 5a : <_)..- w * &'*& JHJ U *U <-_>b 



y, 



b! 



J\i' 



The above-named Hibat Allah al-Lalaka'i 
is the author of Kitab al-Sunnah. He died 
A.H. 418. See Ta'rlkh al-Islam, Or. 49, 
fol. 108, and Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 96. 

The last two pages, foil. 9 and 10, are 
taken up with denunciations of divers heretical 
sects. The last words are: Jlii \&.s- *)J\ ^.. 



A work entitled LLJ\ Jfc\ sULlc^ L_>U/, and 
concluding with the same passage, is described 
by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 1937. 



A similar work ^U^l jc- ^j^ 
Jjjo- ^ &+s*\, is ascribed by Haj. Khal., 
vol. v., p. 45, to Abu '1-Fadl 'Abd al- Wahid 
B. 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Tamlmi, who died 
A.H. 410. V. Ta'rlkh al-Islam, Or. 49, 
fol. 68. 



171. 

Or. 3104. Foil. 109 ; 6f in. by 5 ; 13 lines, 
3gr in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with 
occasional vowels, apparently in the 14th 
century, with the exception of foil. 64 108, 
which are probably of the 17th century. 



Kitab al-Haidah, in which 'Abd al-'Aziz 
B. Yahya al-Kinani relates the disputation 
which he held, in the presence of Khalif 
al-Ma'mun, with Bishr B. Ghiyath al-Marisi, 
in order to refute the latter's assertion that 
the Goran was a created thing. 

The following title, in the hand of the 
copyist, is prefixed : ,U>^\ c- sjJliJ SAA* u->Ui" 



The text begins with the following Isnad 



*-.!> ii-> As:' 



-s-\ JliS 



The narrative begins : jj* (jo <jj>- 



Although the Kitab al-Haidah is ascribed 



THEOLOGY. 



10:} 



by so early an authority as the Fihrist, p. 184, 
to 'Abd al-'Aziz B. Yahya al-Kinani, it is 
evidently a later production. The alleged 
champion of orthodoxy, 'Abd al-'Aziz, is 
mentioned by Ibn 'Asakir as one of those 
theologians who did not dare to cope openly 
with the Mu'tazilis, but confined themselves 
to written refutations of their tenets. See 
Mehren, Expose de la reforme de 1'Islamisme, 
pp. 81, 106. The real author is probably to 
be found in one of the men who figure in 
the above Isnad. The fourth of these in the 
ascending order, AbuBakr Muh. B. al-Hasan 
B. al-Azhar al-Kata'i'i al-Asamm, who died 
A.H. 320, is described by al-Khatib al- 
Baghdadi, Add. 23,319, fol. 2406, and by 
al-Sam'ani, fol. 4576, as an untrustworthy 
traditionist, who concocted spurious Hadiths; 
it is significantly added that the Kitab al- 
Haidah was transmitted by him to Abu 'Amr 
TJthman B. Ahmad Ibn al-Sammak, who died 
in Baghdad A.H. 344 (v. Sam'ani, f. 3056). 

The title has been wrongly translated 
"Book of the Schism." The word al- 
ii aidah, as explained in the work itself, 
means the act of evading a direct question 
by giving an irrelevant answer, a practice 
with which 'Abd al-'Aziz taxes his adversary, 
as, for instance, in the following passage, 
fol. 236: >\ *. t.> &\J jl jo* J\S 



after which he proceeds to give instances of 
similar evasive answers ju>- from the Goran, 
from tradition, and from the poems of Imru' 1- 

Kais : j^j Jrj J^ ^ ^^ <j *& <-J^ ^ 

Jjyu- 



J 



The opponent of 'Abd al-'Aziz is an his- 
torical person, Bishr B. Ghiyath al-Marisi, 
who died A.H. 218. He was first a disciple 
of Abu Yusuf, the great Shafi'i doctor, but 



afterwards joined the Murji sect, and became 
the most prominent advocate of the doctrine 
relating to the creation of the Goran, which 
prevailed under Ma'mun. 

See Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's version, 
vol. i., p. 260; al-Wafi bil-Wafayat, Add. 
23,357, fol. 25 ; Shahrastani, Haarbriicker, 
vol. ii., p. 407, vol. i., p. 161; and the Kamil, 
vol. vi., p. 311, vol. vii., p. 49. His Nisbah 
is spelt in various ways, viz., Marisi by 
Sam'ani, fol. 523, Ibn Khallikan, I.e., and 
Lubb al-Lubab, p. 243 ; Marrisi by Yakut, 
vol. iv., p. 515; and Mirrlsi, in the Kamus, 
vol. i., p. 802. It is said to be derived from 
Marrlsah, or Mirrisah, a town, tract, or tribe, 
of Upper Egypt. Compare Hammer, Litera- 
turgesch., vol. iii., p. 205. 

The general scope of the Kitab al-Haidah 
has been described by Krerner, " Ueber 
meine Sammlung," p. 50, and by Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 440. The work is 
noticed by Haj. Khal., vol. iii. 118, under 
the title of 



The contents of the present copy are as 
follows : 

1. Kitab al-Haidab, properly so-called, 
i.e. the account of the disputation with 
Bishr, fol. 16. It ends, fol. 626, with the 
words ^A-fSC)! iij^^ t_j>b_^ji-\ 

2. Refutation by 'Abd al-'Aziz of a man 
of the Jahmi sect, who had sided with Bishr 
in the previous discussion, fol. 626. 

3. An extraneous fragment, containing 
anecdotes of al-Wathik, related by his son 
al-Muhtadi, and turning mostly on the same 
question of the uncreated character of the 
Goran, fol. 64a. It is introduced by an 
Isnad, in which figure the above-mentioned 
Abu 'Amr 'TJthman B. Ahmad Ibn al- 
Sammak, and Muhammad B. al-Hasan, i.e. 
al-Kata'i'i. At the end, fol. 706, is written : 



104 



THEOLOGY. 



4. Account of what took place between 
'Abd al-'Aziz and Bishr after the disputa- 
tion, namely, how the former, having pub- 
lished an account of the same, was summoned 
to the presence of al-Ma'mun at the instiga- 
tion of Bishr, and succeeded in vindicating 
himself and obtaining the Khalif's pardon, 
foil. 7 Ob 1086. 



This appendix explains the title L 
J&s-^j 8JJ.U found in some copies. 

The last folio, which, however, may not 
have originally belonged to the MS., contains 
some mystic verses, and a note of a former 
owner with the date A.H. 886. 



172. 

Or. 3091. Foil. 73 ; 9 in. by 7J ; 13 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in large and fair Neskhi, 
transcribed, as stated by Baron von Kremer, 
by a young Christian scribe, from a very old 
MS. in the American College, Beirut. 

[KREMER, no. 101.] 



Kitab al-Luma', a dogmatical work by 
Abu '1-Hasan al-Ash'ari, to which is prefixed 
the following title : 



From this it appears that the original MS. 
contained, besides the work to which the 
transcript is confined, two treatises of al- 
Grhazzali, viz. al-Risalat al-Laduniyyah (Haj. 
Khal., vol. iii., p. 436) and questions and 
answers relating to the knowledge of God. 

Abu '1-Hasan 'Ali B. Isma'il al-Ash'ari, 



founder of the orthodox sect called after him 
al-Asha'irah, was born in Basrah, A.H. 260, 
and died in Baghdad, A.H. 324. His life, 
by Ibn 'Asakir, has lately been published, 
with a French translation by Mehren , " Expose 
de la Reforme de 1'Islamisme," 1878. See 
also Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's translation, 
vol. ii., p. 227, and Fihrist, p. 181. 

Among his numerous works, the present 
one is mentioned by Ibn 'Asakir as JJ\ ^U^ 
ijJ)j Q}\ Jfc) J*. oj\ j. See Mehren pp. 27, 
98. It is also noticed as jJJI _>li/by Ibn 
Khallikan, and in the Fihrist, I.e. 

Beg. j^ 



The title of the work does not appear in 
the text, and the author is only incidentally 
designated at the beginning of paragraphs, 



foil. 416, 526, by the words ^-U _,j\ lN J\S 



The work, which is chiefly directed against 
the Mu'tazilah, consists of a series of short 
sections headed aAJL-*, in each of which a 
question or objection of the adversary is first 
briefly stated, and then answered or refuted 



at length. 



The first section begins : 



J\ Hk> 



The second question begins, fol. 36, as 
follows : (jrWI lsj J Jj'5 Jli' yU all-- 



After a few more questions relating to the 



THEOLOGY. 



105 



nature of God, the subsequent matter is 
classed under the following headings : 

Fol. 4a 
Fol. 186 



Fol. 266 
Fol. 31 
Fol. 466 
Fol. 61a 
Fol. 666 
Fol. 68a * 

Fol. 70673a 



The last section is in support of the 
Imamat of Abu Bakr against the partisans 
of 'Ali and of al-'Abbas. 

It may be noticed that the title might be 
read Kitab al-Lam'. It is so vocalized in 
the printed text of Ibn 'Asakir, p. 86, and 
the titles of two other works mentioned, 

p. 98, j~&\ H and j^^ \ would seem 



to support that reading. 

The passage in which Ibn Khallikan 
enumerates the works of al-Ash'ari is un- 
fortunately wanting in the autograph MS., 
Add. 25,735. But a similarly entitled work 

by Abu Ishak al-Shlrazi is distinctly written 


in the same MS., fol. 46, 



173. 

Or. 4268. Foil. 215 ; 9 in. by 7 ; 25 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in neat Persian Neskhi, 
apparently in the 13th century. [BUDGE.] 



The third volume of the great system of 
moral theology, entitled Ihya 'Ulum al-Din, 
by Abu Hamid Muh. B. Muh. al-Ghazzali, 
who died A.H. 505. 

It contains the third quarter of the work, 
called OUJ^I ^, and comprises the follow- 
ing ten Kitabs: 1. (_J^H t-JUP fol. 16. 2. Lo 
lwr ai!\fol.21. S.^J^iJt^/foLMa. 4. 
W UJ fol. 46a. 5. j-Jij ^uaiM iil fol. 696. 
6. UiJ\ r i fol. 89a. 7. ^ ^ J\V ^ ^ 
fol. 106a. 8. b^j ilU ^ fol. 127a. 9. ^ 
fol. 1686. 10. &\ fol. 194. 



. 



The contents correspond with those of the 
third volume of the edition printed in Cairo 
A.H. 1282. But the last section wants about 
two pages at the end. It breaks off with a 
passage corresponding with p. 350, line 10, 
of the printed text. 

On fol. 89 is written, in the same hand 
as the text, the name of the first owner of 
the MS., Diya al-Din Abu '1-Fakhr 'Abd al- 
Eahim B. Muh. al-Karsafi. 

For the contents of the work see Hitzig, 
Zeitschrift der D. Morg. Ges., Band 7, p. 172 ; 
Gosche, Abhandlungen der Berliner Aka- 
demie, 1858, p. 253 ; and for MSS. and 
editions the Berlin Catalogue, no. 1679 ; 
Loth, no. 602; the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 62, etc, 



174. 

Or. 4374. Foil. 137 ; 6 in. by 5 ; 24 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in a minute Persian 
hand, probably in the 16th century. 

[BUDGE.] 

Selections from the preceding work, Ihya 



106 



THEOLOGY. 



'TJlum al-Din, with some additions by an 
unknown writer. 

The work is described at the end, fol. 776, 
as <jia*j (J Oljl^j ** ^. 



The first part, which in the binding has 
been transposed to the end, begins, fol. 82, 
as follows : \ i!l JIS j^ W . . . U 



175. 

Or. 3108. Foil. 16 ; 10 in. by 7 ; 39 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in cursive Nestalik in 
the 19th century. [KEEMEE, no. 118.] 



Exposition of the Sunni creed, with refu- 
tation of heretical doctrines, by Abu '1-Mu'In 
al-Nasafi. 



,> cJ^y 



Beg. U\ cuj*i 5) 

J3 . . . 

( J&ii\ Jj J 

]Jt Ji^iw J&^ j,\ \^s\ J 
Jj\ ^^f ^i ^)j JUS 

The title is found in the colophon : t_->l^ J 



Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 20, calls the author 
Abu '1-Mu'm Maimun B. Muh. al-Nasafi, and 
says that he died A.H. 508. Abu '1-Mu'in 
Maimun al-Nasafi is mentioned, but without 
any date, by Ibn Kutlubuga, p. 66, no. 283. 

The contents of the work have been stated, 
in full agreement with the present copy, by 



Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 1941, who 
learns from another source that the full 
name of the author is Maimun B. Muh. B. 
Muh. . . . Ibn Makhul Abu '1-Mu'In al-Nasafi 
al-Hanafi al-Makhuli, and that he died c. 
A.H. 500. The Nisbah Makhuli, derived 
from an ancestor called Makhul, is common 
to several scholars of Nasaf. See Sam'ani, 
fol. 541. 

The present copy is a transcript, by Alfred 
von Kremer, of the Vienna MS. described 
by Fliigel, vol. ii., no. 1523. Other copies, 
which, however, do not bear the title of 
Bahr al-Kalam, are noticed in the Bodleian 
Catalogue, vol. i., no. 114, vol. ii., p. 568, 
and in the Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., p. 241, 
nos. 1989-90. Copies with the above title 
are mentioned in the Paris Catalogue, nos. 
1232-33, and in the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 6, and vol. vii., p. 537. 

176. 

Or. 4265. Foil. 67 ; 7in. by 5 ; 18 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, apparently 
in the 15th century, except foil. 26 30 
supplied by a later hand. [BuDGE.] 

A commentary by Sa'd al-Din al-Taftazani 
(d. A.H. 721) upon the dogmatical treatise 
of Najm al-Dm 'Umar B. Muh. al-Nasafi 
(d. A.H. 537), with this title : ^ Utf 



Beg. 

The original work has been edited by 
Cureton, 1843. See also Pertsch, no. 55, 
and Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 1953. 

The commentary has been printed in Cal- 
cutta A.H. 1244, and in Constantinople A.H. 
1260. Tor MSS. see the Arabic Catalogue, 



THEOLOGY. 



107 



p. 5415 ; Pertsch, no. 671 ; the Khedive's 
Library, vol. ii., p. 27, vol. vii., pp. 252, 431, 
and 636 ; and the Berlin Catalogue, nos. 
195565. 

177. 

Or. 2795. Foil. 154; 10* in. by 6 ; 17 
lines, 4f- in. long ; written in a large and 
formal Neskhi, with vowels, with an orna- 
mental title in blue and gold ; dated Sunday, 
8 Dulka'dah, A.H. 838 (A.D. 1435). 

[GrHANDOUR BEY.] 



A commentary upon the dogmatical trea- 
tise, in verse, of 'Ali B. 'Uthman al-Ushi 
(d. A.H. 569), known as Bad' al-Amali, or 
Kasidat Yakul al-'Abd (v. Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 966). 



Beg. 



CU4\ 411 



The work is ascribed by Haj. Khal., vol.iv., 
p. 559, to Muhammad B. Abi Bakr al-Razi. 
Three copies are mentioned with the same 
title, and attributed to the same author, in the 
catalogue of the Khedivial Library, vol. ii., 
p. 60, where it is added that the author lived 
in the eighth century. 

In the present copy, however, another 
author is named, both in the illuminated 
title ; 



and in the following 
heading, at the top of the first page : <^>\^ 



US 



In a copy noticed in the Khedive's Library, 
vol. vii., p. 313, the same author is named. 
This is probably a mistake ; for Radi al-Din 
Abu '1-Kasim B. Husain al-Bakri is the 
author of another commentary on the same 
work, mentioned, with quite a different begin- 
ning, by Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 660, and in 
the Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., no. 2004. 

The present commentary is described, in 
full agreement with our copy, by Ahlwardt, 
no. 2409, who adds there, and under no. 706, 
without quoting his authority, that the author, 
Muh. B. Abi Bakr B. 'Abd al-Kadir al-Razi 
al-Hanafi, lived about A.H. 720. He appears, 
however, to be identical with the author of 
the Raudat al-Fasahah, composed about 650 
(v. Rosen, Institut, no. 108), and of the 
Mukhtar al-Sihah, who died A.H. 680 (v. 
infra, Or. 4184). 

The MS. was written for some royal person, 
whose name has been partly obliterated on 
the title-page, probably al-Malik al-Ashraf 
Barsbai. The words UaLJI U^. *> are 
still legible. 

Copyist : Jtj 



178. 

Or. 4517. Foil. 203; 12 in. by 8$; 19 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in small and close 
Nestalik, apparently in the 17th century. 



A commentary, by Ya'kub B. Sayyid 'Ali, 
upon a treatise on religious and moral 
obligations, entitled ^it\ ~iJ, by Rukn 
al-Din Muhammad B. Abi Bakr, Mufti of 
Bukhara, known as Imam Zadah. 
P2 



108 



THEOLOGY. 



Beg. 



&+*> itf+f- JP 






The following title is prefixed by the same 
hand as the text : 



AS 

WTi 



.l*b 

- 



?. J 



Shir'at al-Tslam is mentioned by Ibn 
Kutlubuga, p. 44, as the work of Muh. B. 
Abi Bakr al-Kummi, known as Imam Zadah, 
and Mufti of Bukhara, who was born A.H. 
491, and died, according to Haj. Khal., 
vol. iv., p. 42, A.H. 573. 

The commentator, who wrote also a com- 
mentary upon the G-ulistan (Persian Cata- 
logue, p. 606), was successively professor in 
the Medresehs of Brusa, Edirneh, and Con- 
stantinople. He died on his return from 
Mecca, A.H. 930. The present commentary 
was a favourite lecture of Sultan Bayazid 
(Shaka'ik, fol. 111). 

The original text is included in the com- 
mentary, and distinguished by a line drawn 
over it. It is divided into sixty-one, or 
according to the present copy, sixty-two 
Fasls, a table of which occupies three pages 
at the beginning. It commences : JJ ^*ii 

ft lib ? JJ\ 



The contents of the Shir'at al-Islam have 
been stated by Krafft, no. 179, and by 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 1730. MSS. 
are mentioned by Nicoll, no. 54, p. 513, and 
by Bosen, Notices Sommaires, no 109. For 



copies of the commentary see Dorn, ho. 80 ; 
Loth, no. 209 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 
1248-49 ; and the Berlin Catalogue, no. 1734. 

Copyist ; ^ala^o* ..J '_-"j?. ,&. r~J^ 

Appended is a tract against the dancing 
of the Sufis, by 'AH Chelebi, Mufti of 
Constantinople. 

179. 

Or. 4270. Foil. 188 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 23 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi ; 
dated 12 Rabi' I., A.H. 1226 (A.D. 1811). 

[BUDGE.] 

The first half of the preceding commentary, 
ending with the chapter wb\j ^^lU ti ^~ j, 
and corresponding with foil. 4 886 of the 
preceding copy. 

A table of chapters is prefixed. 

180. 

Or. 3753. Foil. 240 ; 8$ in. by 4f ; 22 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Monday, 1st Safar, A.H. 1092 (A.D. 1681). 
Several leaves, especially at the beginning, 
are more or less damaged by holes. 

[GLASEE, no. 37.] 

*u*P 



A treatise on Kalam, or scholastic theology, 
by Fakhr al-Din Muhammad B. 'Umar al- 
Razi (d. A.H. 606), revised and elucidated 
by Nasir al-Din Muhammad B. Muh. al- 
Tusi (d. A.H. 672). 

The MS. is imperfect at the beginning, 
and does not contain either title or author's 
name. But its contents agree with the 
above work as described by Haj. Khal., 
vol. v., p. 422. The beginning of the first 
of the four Rukns into which the original 



THEOLOGY. 



109 



work, as well as this enlarged recension, is 
divided, is lost. The first passage of the 
text, fol. la, is: U 

l 



The headings of the three remaining 
Rukns are as follows : 



J J 

j cJ'31 



Fol. 356 
Fol. 1376 
Fol. 196a 

The author states, at the end, that he 
finished the work, which he designates as 

Talkhis Lai &*^ u^ ^>*N U5j, on the 
seventh of Safar, A.H. . . . 69. Owing to a 
hole in the paper, the number of the hundreds 
is lost. But we learn from Haj. Khal, I.e., 
that the date of composition was A.H. 669, 
and that the work was dedicated to the 
Sahib Dlwan 'Ata Malik B. Baha al-Dm 
Muhammad. 

The full title of Razi's work is 



copy of the Talkhis is described by Pertsch, 
Gotha Catalogue, no. 644. A commentary 
by al-Katibi al-Kazwmi upon al-Muhassal, is 
noticed in the Leyden Catalogue, vol iii., 
p. 360. 

181. 

Or. 3121. Foil. 179; 7 in. by 5J; 21 lines, 
3| in. long ; written in a small and neat 
Nestalik; dated Friday, 10 Jumada II., A.H. 
826 (A.D. 1423). [KREMER, no. 131.] 



A full commentary, by Shams al-Din al- 
Samarkandi, upon his own treatise on Kalam, 
or scholastic theology, entitled al-Saha'if. 



The above title is found in the preface. 
The author's name does not appear in the 
text, but in the following contemporary title : 



Beg. 



The author says, in the preface, that the 
object of God in creating man was to be 
known by him, and that there are only two 
witnesses to true knowledge, namely, reason 
and revelation. He then refers to the Saha'if, 
and the present commentary, in the following 

terms : 



AA)| .?^> 



J\ 



Shams al-Dm Muh. B. Ashraf al-Husaini 
al-Samarkandi is the author of several philo- 
sophical and scientific works, viz., Adfib al- 
'Bakht, Ashkal al-Ta'sis and Kustas al-MIzan. 
His precise date is not known. Haj. Khal., 
who mentions him in several places as the 
author of al-Saha'if, says that he died about 
A.H. 600. See vol. i., pp. 207, 322, vol. iv., 
pp. 98, 515. It must be noticed, however, 
that an authority frequently quoted in the 
present work is the Imam, author of al- 



110 



THEOLOGY. 



Mulakhkhas, i.e. Fakhr al-Dm al-Razi, who 
died A.H. 606. 

The commentary does not include the text 
of the Saha'if. The passages explained are 
only indicated by the first few words preceded 
by Jli' ; the comments are introduced by Jyl 
As far as can be inferred from the commen- 
tary, the work is divided into two Maksads, 
subdivided as follows : Maksad I. includes a 
Mukaddimah and three Kisms, viz., Mukad- 



dimah : 



fol. 26 and 



fol. SI. Kism I., divided into four 
Sahlfahs, viz., 1. ^\j Ji^jJl j fol. 66. 2. J 
(.jj-Hj ji^N fol. 145. 3. *jfc\U ^3 fol. 24a, 
4. a*fc\y, j^.j j\j5 ^5 fol. 316. Kism II., 
treating of accidents ^^^ ^ is divided into 
four Sahlfahs, viz., 1. cy\ri,,rt)\ J fol. 64a. 

2. uJ^ 1 us* fo1 - 1&- 3 - Ori q uan tityj 
emptiness, motion, time and force, fol. 77a. 

4. & t^^ . Ui, fol. 956. 



Kism III., treating of substances 
consists of two Sahlfahs, viz., 1. On material 
substances, fol. lOOa. 2. On spiritual sub- 
stances, fol. 1076. 

Maksad II. treats of the existence and 
attributes of God, of prophecy, future life, 
etc., in 19 Sahlfahs, viz., 1. ,JU5 &15\ 1 _JL 5j \ ^ 

fol. 1146. 2. L_^1j)\ ij>j i> J^^=-^ J 
&#.$ fol. 1176. 3. j.jJI J fol. 1186. 4. J 
J*in jj^-o fol. 121a. 5. W jj* j fol. 
127a. 6. *W >y J fol. 1296. 7. *W ii_^ j' 
fol. 132a. 8. W r ^ j fol. 1336. 9. i^ j 
W fol. 1366. 10. SxlJl OlL=ll J fol. 139a. 
11. W 2,^' J^ j fol. 1436. 12. JU1 J 
^\ fol. 146a. 13. U\ A*-1 J fol. 150a. 
14. JU eu>j>i* < i fol, 1526. 15. SjjJfl J fol. 



158a. 16. i\Al J fol. 1626. 17. 
fol. 166a. 18. ^Slj jj^J^ J fol. 1716. 19. J 
&lc^\ fol. 1756. Khatimah, on spiritual life, 
foil. 17761790. 



Copyist : 

For another copy see the Paris Catalogue, 
no. 1247. 

182. 

Or. 3773. Foil. 217 ; 7 in. by 3f ; 25 lines, 
2J in. long ; written by two hands in minute 
and close Nestalik, with frequent omission 
of the diacritical points, apparently in the 
15th century. Some leaves at beginning 
and end are more or less torn and mutilated 
by holes. [GLASEE, no. 57.] 



A commentary upon the well-known 
treatise of theology, entitled Tajrid al- 
'Aka'id or Tajrid al-Kalam, by Nasir al-Dm 
Muhammad al-Tusi (d. A.H. 672). 

The MS. is imperfect at beginning and 
end. The first page contains the latter 
portion of the preface, including the title of 

the original work L-^-J^ Aj.j^b ^^j.al^ 1 

J\ 
and 



the following passage : 



Jl 



U ,> 



The agreement of the above passage with 
the condensed extract given by Haj. Khal., 
vol. ii., p. 195, from the commentary of 



THEOLOGY. 



Ill 



Shams al-Dln Mahmud B. 'Abd al-Rahman 
al-Isfahani, proves the identity of the two 
works, notwithstanding the slight divergence 

in the titles. Haj. Khal. gives : j*\yi)l ja_>'j 
joUuN &>_j jZ> j, and a Leyden MS., vol. iv., 

P. 246, tX>Ui*5\ <x> ,a 
' ^- ~%. r: 



The commentator was born in Isfahan, 
A.H. 674. After a prolonged stay in 
Damascus he repaired, A.H. 732, to Cairo, 
where Amir Kausun built a Khankah for 
him (see Orientalia, vol. ii., p. 363). He 
was carried off by the plague, A.H. 749. 
See al-Isnawi, fol. 23, and al-Durar al- 
Kaminah, fol. 141. He left, besides the 
present work, commentaries on the Mukh- 
tasar of Ibn al-Hajib, on the Matali', on the 
Kasldah of al-Sawi, a treatise of logic, 

entitled t-jyJj^U, commentaries upon the 
Mukaddimat of Ibn al-Haiib, the Badi' of 

j * 

Ibn al-Sa'ati, and upon the Tawali' and Min- 
hiij of al-Baidawi, and a Tafsir. 

Blank spaces left in the commentary for 
the insertion of words of the text, have not 
been filled in. The headings of the first 
two of the six Maksads into which the 
Tajrid is divided, are also omitted. Those 

of the last four are as follows : 3. O\jJ\ ^ 



, fol. 168a; 4. yi j, fol. 188ft ; 
5. i.U^ J, fol. 1926 ; 6. ^jJI, j,PjJl, i\4\ J, 
fol. 209a. 

The contents of the Tajrid have been 
stated by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 
1745. For copies of the commentary of al- 
Isfahani j^yiM joaio, commonly called -^ 
f>.*3yt, see the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 11, and Loth, no. 406. Glosses on the 
latter are mentioned by Ahlwardt, ib., nos. 
17481756. 



183. 



Or. 3331. Foil. 186 ; 10 in. by 6J ; 29 lines, 
4 J in. long ; written in small and neat Nes- 
talik ; dated Thursday, 6 Shawwal. A.H. 838 
(A.D. 1435). [H. A. STERN.] 

A gloss by al-Sayyid al-Sharif (d. A.H. 816) 
upon the Tajrid al-'Aka'id, by Nasir al-Dln 
al-Tusi, and upon the commentary of Mahmud 
B. 'Abd al-Rahman al-Isfahani (see the pre- 
ceding MS.). 



In the colophon, the work is called : *ju 
tne lower 



is written : 



Beg. 



iJ\JU> 



See Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 195; and for 
other copies, Loth, nos. 407-8; Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, nos. 1748 51 ; and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. ii. p. 17. 

It is stated in the colophon, that this copy 
was taken from a transcript of the author's 
original draft. 



Copyist : 



184. 



Or. 1565. Foil. 21 9; 10fin.by5; lolines, 

2| in. long ; written in neat Nestalik ; dated 

Peshawar, Rabi' II., A.H. 1043 (A.D. 1633). 

[SiE HENBY RAWLINSOJJ.] 

A gloss by Jalal al-Diu al-Siddiki, i.e. 
Muhammad B. As'ad al-Dawani (d. A.H. 
908), to the commentary of 'AH Kushji 
(d. A.H. 879), upon the Tajrid al-Kawa'id, 
or Tajrid al-Kalam, of Nasir al-Din al-Tusi 
(see no. 182). 



112 



THEOLOGY. 



The work is called in the colophon: 



Bog. 



Jyl J 
U ...y 



Most of the notes of Mulla Jaliil will bo 
found in tho margins of the commentary of 
JjLiishji, lithographed in Teheran, A.1I. 1-74. 
A MS., with the same beginning and end as 
the present, has been doseribod by Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 1757. For other copies 
see Loth, nos. 417 20. 



185. 

Or. 8309. Foil. 23 ; 7* in. by 4Jj 19 lines, 
8 in. long ; written in neat Persian Neskhi ; 
dated Saturday, 14 Rajab, A.H. 974 (A.D. 
1 :i7). [S. CHURCHILL.] 



An Arabic paraphrase of tho Fusul fil- 
I'sul, a Persian treatise on Kalam, by Nasir 
al-Tusi (d. A.H. 67:.' V 



Beg. 



The anthor, whose name does not appear, 
says that Xasir al-Din had condensed, in a 
few pages in his Fusul, the essential prin- 
ciples of theology ; 



but that 

the work, being written in Persian, and 
being, from its concision, no easy reading, 
even for men of that tongue, had remained 



almost unknown, especially in Irak. He 
was therefore induced to divest it of its 
Persian dress, and to clothe it in Arabic 
garb. 

The paraphrase, which often assumes the 
character of a commentary, is divided into 
four chapters (Fusul), which begin as follows : 

I. Fol. 16 Ui &A\ 



II. Fol. 106 

MAjkS 



III. Fol. 15a U 



IV. Fol. 19a 



A commentary of an unknown author upon 
the same work is described by Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 1770. In another 
commentary, also anonymous, noticed by 
Loth, p. 127, no. 471, xiii., the work is 
wrongly ascribed to Abu Ja'far Muh. B. al- 
Hasan al-Tusi (d. A.H. 460). 

186. 



Or. 4266. Foil. 194; 10 in. by 6f ; from 
19 to 22 lines, J)f in, long ; written in small 
and cursive Persian Neskhi ; dated Sha'ban 
A.H. 894 (A.D. 1489). [BUDGE.] 



A commentary upon the theological trea- 
tise of Nasir al-Din 'Abdallah B. 'Umar al- 
Baidawi (d. A.H. 716), with marginal no 

Beg. 



THEOLOGY. 



113 



U . . . 



J *^ ** 

The author, who does not give his name, 
and is called in a late note on the 1 st page 
Khalil al-Isfahani, is known to be Shams al- 
Din Mahmud B. 'Abd al-Rahman al-Isfahani, 
who was born in Isfahan A.H. 674 and spent 
most of his life in Damascus and Cairo. He 
died of the plague in the latter city A.H. 749 
(Durar al-Kaminah, fol. 141), or A.H. 750 
(Orientalia II., p. 392). 

The work is dedicated, not as stated by 
Haj. Khal. iv., p. 168, to Malik al-Nasir B. 
Kala'un, but to that Sultan's favourite Amir 
and Sipahsalar, Kausun al-Saki, who was 
raised by him to the rank of Viceroy, Na'ib 
al-Saltanah, and died A.H. 742. "We learn 
from Durar al-Kaminah, I.e., that Kausun had 
built for the author a monastery to which he 
appointed him as Shaikh. 

For other copies of the commentary see 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 108a ; the Leyden 
Catalogue, nos. 2011 13 ; the Paris Cata- 
logue, nos. 1257-58 ; Loth, nos. 427 431 ; 
Pertsch, no. 647 ; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. ii., p. 54 ; and the Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 1777. 

For the contents of the original work, 
TawSli' al-Anwar, see Ahlwardt, ib., no. 
1772. 

187. 

Or. 3123. Foil. 45 ; 7 in. by 5} ; 23 lines, 
3$ in. long; written in a very minute and 
close Nestalik ; dated A.H. 885 (A.D. 1480). 

[KREMER, no. 133.] 

Glosses upon a metaphysical work treating 
of the existence and attributes of God, with- 
out title or author's name. 



Beg. 



J J\ 



The glosses relate to an original text, the 
title of which does not appear, to a commen- 
tary upon it, and, lastly, to glosses upon both, 
by al-Sayyid al-Sharif (d. A.H. 816). Quo- 
tations from other works of the last writer, 
especially his comments upon the Sharh al- 
Tajrid, the Shamsiyyah, the Mawakif, and 
the Matali', are of frequent occurrence. 

We 'learn, incidentally, foil. 39, 43i, that 
Fasl sixth of the text treats of cause and effect 
JjUj, 3M\ J (see Add. 9509, fol. 436), and 
Bab III. of accidents (jo\jt^\ ^j (ib. fol. 456). 
The last passage begins as follows : ^JA\ J\a 



The text and commentary are the works 
mentioned under the preceding no. The 
gloss of Sayyid Sharif is noticed in the Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 1786. 



188. 

Or. 3743. Foil. 125 ; 9| in. by 6J ; 23 lines, 
3| in. long; written in small and cursive 
Nestalik, with frequent omission of the dia- 
critical points, apparently in the 15th century. 

[GLASER, no. 27. J 



A commentary by 'Ali B. Muh. al-Bukhari, 
called 'Ala al-Nabihi, upon the treatise of 
theology, entitled Jawahir al-Kalam, by 
'Adud al-Din 'Abd al-Rahman B. al-Imam 
Rukn al-Din Ahmad al-Iji al-Naisaburi al- 
Mutarrizi, who died A.H. 756 (v. Arabic 

U 



114 



THEOLOGY. 



Catalogue, p. 766, ad p. 1106, and Haj. Khal., 
vol. ii., p. 647). 

Beg. of the text : 



<ti 



Beg. of the comm. 

is j*j u . 



*"* 



The text, which the author describes as a 
compendium, is dedicated to the Wazir 
Ghiyath al-Din B. Rashid al-Din Muh. The 
commentary, which includes the whole text, 
is dedicated to Kutb al-Din Shah Mahmud 
(the brother of Shah Shuja' B. Muzaffar, 
who was, since A.H. 767, in possession of 
Isfahan). The name of the commentator, 
and the date of composition, A.H. 770, are 

found in the colophon : J>\yf 



&a) 



There are some astronomical diagrams on 
foil. 7582. 

It is stated, in a note on the first page, that 
the MS. is in the handwriting of the author; 
but the assertion is apparently unfounded ; 
there are marginal corrections, evidently the 
result of a collation. 

The text is an abridgment by 'Adud al- 
Din of his own work, the Mawakif. See the 
Khedive's Library, vol. ii., p. 12. For the 
contents of the Mawakif, see Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 1801. 

189. 

Or. 4267. Foil. 92; 8 in. by.5^; 19 lines, 



4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Jumada II., A.H. 1087 (A.D. 1676). 

[BUDGE.] 

A commentary upon a versified treatise on 
Kalam,or dogmatic theology, by Sayyid Abu'l- 
' Abbas Ahmad B. Abdallah al-Jaza'iri, 
abridged from the commentary of Abu 
'Abdallah Muh. B. Yusuf al-Sanusi al-Hasani. 



Beg. . . . 



iX ** 



U 



The author of the original poem, who is 
also designated by the Nisbah t/j^jM, died 
A.H. 897 or 898. His poem is called &^\ 
from its rhyme, and also ^>Ji,\ '&>\&. See 
Haj. Khal., vol. v., pp. 225 and 296, from 
which we learn that al-Sanusi, the celebrated 
saint, who died A.H. 898, composed this 
commentary at the request of the author, 
transmitted to him in writing. The poem, 
which is entirely included in the commentary, 
begins : 



The abbreviator does not give his name. 
He may be Shaikh Kasim al-Khani, who, 
according to Haj. Khal., v., p. 296, abridged 
Sanusi's commentary. 

Copies, or fragments of the poem, are men- 
tioned in the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 57, in the Arabic Catalogue, p. 4126, and 
the Leyden Catalogue, no. 2806. For copies 
of Sanusi's commentary see Uri, p. 116, 2 ; 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 297a ; and the 



THEOLOGY. 



115 



Khedive's Library, vol. ii., p. 28. An Oxford 
MS. contains the present abridgment. See 
Uri no. 152, and Nicoll, p. 570a. 



Polemical Works. 

190. 

Or. 1564. Foil. 113 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 27 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in small and fair Neskhi, 
with 'Unwan and gold-ruled margins, ap- 
parently in the 17th century. 

[SiE H. EAWLINSON.] 

A controversial work in refutation of 
Christianity, abridged from the work of 
Abu'1-Baka Salih B. al-Husain al-Ja'fari, 

entitled 



Beg. bUi 



,> 



Iftjfl 



Abu '1-Baka, who extracted the treatise 
entitled "The ten questions" JJUJ1 ^\ 
from his " Takhjil," about A.H. 618, says 
that he had written the latter in his youth. 
See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 389. 

The abbreviator, whose name does not 
appear, is Abu'1-Fadl al-Maliki al-Su'udi, who 
was writing, according to Haj. Khal., vol. ii., 
p. 249, A.H. 942. The work is divided into 
a Mukaddimah, fol. 3a ; ten Babs, beginning 
respectively foil. 106, 22a, 38a, 46a, 54a, 
665, 80a, 95a, <d% and 104a ; and a Khati- 
mah, imperfect at the beginning, foil. 1056 _ 
The contents have been fully stated 
by De Jong, Catal. Acad. Reg., no. 133. 
For other copies see the Bodleian Catalogue, 
vol. i., nos. 131, 167, and vol. ii., p. 569. 
Compare Steinschneider, Polemische Litera- 
tur, nos. 17 and 121, p. 409, and Spitta, Zeit- 
schrift der D. Morg. Ges., Band. 30, p. 313. 



191. 



Or. 3574. Foil. 197 ; 9f in. by 7* ; 21 lines, 
4J in. long; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Jumada I., A.H. 1101 (A.D. 1690). 

[S. CHURCHILL.] 



A Shl'ah controversial work directed 
against the Sunnis, ascribed to 'Abd al- 
Mahmud B. Da'ud. 



Beg. i 



^ J*, Jli 



J\ 



Z>. J? 

The name of 'Abd al-Mahmud, repeated 
as that of the author at the beginning of 
several paragraphs, is an assumed name, 
under which the real author, Radi al-Din 
'AH B. Ta'us al-Husaini, whom the work 
shows to have been a most erudite Shl'ah 
doctor, wished to conceal his personality. 
His real name is found in a notice written 
on the first page by Muhammad B. [al-Hasan 
B. 'AH al-] Hurr al-'Amili, who, as stated by 
S. Churchill, is the author of J<^] JJ, litho- 
graphed at Teheran A.H. 1302, and of the 
Wasa'il, also lithographed there. In that 
notice, which was transcribed from an auto- 
graph writing of al-Shahid al-Thani (Zain 
al-Din B. 'All, d. A.H. 975 ; v. Luluat al- 
Bahrain, or A.H. 966; v. Kisas al-'Ulama, 
p. 197), it is stated that the author assumed 
a pseudonym from fear of the Abbasides, 
under whom he lived at the very seat of their 
empire, Baghdad. The notice is as follows : 



& J 



Jj 



Q2 



116 



THEOLOGY. 



Ufc Oj*.j 



la*. 



In another note, written on the same page, 
the same name is given, and it is added that 
Ibn Ta'us is also the author of j* i '\I/, 

\, of jUi^ ^jlk^^i ^U" < >UX and of 
U . The present work is there desig- 
nated as uJ^jSaN (_^i* ,J < fti^aN i_->\15 . The 

title above given is found in the colophon of 
the MS. 

Assuming the part of a Dimmi (a Christian 
or a Jew), who takes cognizance, as an 
impartial outsider, of the Mohammedan sects, 
the author remarks at the outset that the 
great bulk of the Muslims is divided into 
four sects founded by Malik, Abu Hanifah, 
al-Shafi'i and Ibn Hanbal, and, being told 
that these four doctors did not live in the 
time of Muhammad, or of his immediate 
disciples, but formed their systems at a much 
later period, he wonders why the Muslims 
did not rather call themselves after the 
Prophet himself, or one of his kin. 

After some observations throwing discredit 
on the founders of the Sunni sects, he pro- 
ceeds to relate how be discovered that there 
was another sect, the Shi'ah, faithful fol- 
lowers of the Prophet and his family, and 
how he came to the conclusion, that, although 
a minority, they alone stood on firm ground, 
and, therefore, determined to devote his 
attention to their doctrine. 

The object of the author is to beat the 
Sunnis with their own weapons, by showing 
that the traditions which they accept as 
genuine, are fully sufficient to establish the 



superior claims of 'All and his descendants, 
to demonstrate the unworthiness of Abu 
Bakr, 'Umar and 'Uthman, and to support 
the tenets and practices of the Shi'ah. 

His Hadiths are taken from the standard 
collections of traditions, and. from some later 
works. Of the latter the following are most 

frequently quoted : ^^ ^ju ^^ by Abu 
'Abdallah Muh. B. Abi Nasr Futuh al- 
Humaidi, who died A.H. 488 (Haj. Khal. ii., 
p. 619) ; the book of Abu' 1-Hasan 'All B. 
Muh. al-Tabib, called Ibn al-Maghazili, and 
a work of Sadr al-A'immah Muwaffak B. 
Ahmad al-Makki al-Khuwarizmi, who is said 
to have received traditions from al-Zamakh- 
shari. 

The author appears to have lived in the 
seventh century of the Hijrah. He quotes 
writers as late as Muh. B. 'Umar al-Razi 
(fol. 181ft), who died A.H. 606, and Nasir 
al-Mutarrizi (fol. 39), who died A.H. 610. 
His approximate date may be inferred from 
a passage, fol. 466, where, speaking of the 
Sunni sects, he says that their wandering 
astray had now lasted more than five hundred 
years, JbU ^>- 8J* & <&&? ^j <$ -^j- As 
the sects can hardly be said to have been in 
existence before the middle of the second 
century, this would bring down the author's 
period, at the earliest, to the middle of the 
seventh. If, therefore, he lived, as above 
stated, under the Abbasides, it must have 
been quite at the close of the dynasty. More 
precise dates, however, are supplied by the 
Kisas al-'Ulama, where we read, p. 315, that 
Radi al-Dm Abu '1-Kasim 'Ali B. Musa B. 
Ta'us was born in Muharram, A.H. 589, and 
died in Dulka'dah A.H. 664. He wrote 
many works, three of which are mentioned 
by name, viz., 1. jUi'^ (_->U^. 2. _J^5 t-Aa 
,_jjala!\ Jfcl (J 6 on the death of Husain, and 
3. (.JilaSI ^j\s> , the work under notice. 



THEOLOGY. 



117 



See also Amal al-Amil, p. 55, where a full 
list of his numerous works is given. One of 
these is noticed by Loth, no. 341. 

The title, which is not found as such in 
the text, is taken from the words 



tii!J or efJJi i_Jb.y ^j "another curious 
point is, etc.," which occur at the beginning 
of most paragraphs. In another copy, noticed 
by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 2177, 
the title is (_Jb\jlaM ^fcU* ,j ^JbyaM and the 
author's name is given in full as Radi al- 
Din Abu '1-Kasim 'Ali B. Musa B. Ja'far B. 
Muh. B. Muh. B. al-Ta'us al-'Alawi al-Fatimi. 
According to Ahlwardt, 'Abd al-Mahmud is 
the author, and Ibn Ta'us the editor of the 
work. 



Copyist: 

In the margin is a note dated Dulhijjah, 
A.H. 1101, in which the writer, Muh. Rahim, 
stating that Maulana Muh. Tahir Sabzawari 
(the copyist) had carefully read the work in 
his presence, grants him a licence respecting 
the same. 

192. 

Or. 3110. Foil. 283 ; 9 in. by 6 J ; 17 lines, 
4 in. long; written in coarse, but distinct, 
Neskhi; dated 26 Jumada I., A.H. 1264 
(A.D. 1848). 

[KREMER, no. 120.] 

A polemical work, directed chiefly against 
the Shi'ah, in support of the legitimacy of 
the first five Khali fs. 

The following title is written at the top of 
the first page : ,Je. 



Beg. 



U) 



See Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 110, where 
is to be corrected to 



The author, whose name does not appear, 
is Abu '1-Abbas Ahmad B. Muh. B. Muh. B. 
'Ali Ibn Hajar al-Haitami al-Sa'di al-Ansari, 
who was born in Egypt, A.H. 907, studied in 
Cairo, and settled, A.H. 940, in Mecca, where 
he died, A.H. 974. He was called al-Haitami 
from his early dwelling-place, Mahallat Abi '1- 
Haitam,in the Gharbiyyah province of Egypt 
(Yakut, vol. iv., p. 428). He was called the 
Mufti of Hijaz, and left numerous works, 
among which the present is mentioned. 
See his life in al-Nur al-SaBr, Add. 16,648, 
foil. 101 3, and a shorter notice in al- 
Kawakib al-Sa'irah, Add. 16,647, fol. 191, 
where he is said to have been born A.H. 911, 
and to have died A.H. 973. Compare "Wiis- 
tenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 529. 

The author had written on the same subject a 
less extensive work, which was read before him 
in Mecca, A.H. 950. Of that work the present 
is a later edition enlarged to twice the original 
size. It is divided, as stated in the preface, 
into three preliminary chapters, ten Babs, 
and a Khatimah, the headings of which have 
been given by Alhwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 2128. In the body of the work, however, 
the Babs are eleven in number, the ninth 
corresponding with the unnumbered chapter 
of Ahlwardt, and the tenth and eleventh 
with his ninth and tenth. For other copies 
see the Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 76. 

Copyist 



193. 

Or. 3111 .Foil. 38 ; 7| in. by 5 ; 17 lines, 
3i in. long; written in fair Neskhi, with 



118 



THEOLOGY. 



red-ruled margins, apparently in the 17th 
century. [KREMEE, no. 121.] 

A treatise on the merits of the members 
of the Prophet's family, written in comple- 
ment of the preceding work, al-Sawa'ik al- 
Muhrikah, by Shihfib al-DIn Ibn Hajar al- 
Haitami al-Shafi'i. 



Beg. 



The following title is prefixed in the same 
hand as the text : 



The author says, in the preface, that four- 
teen years after writing "that book" (not 
otherwise designated), when it had spread 
to the further Maghrib, to Mawara an-nahr, 
India and Yemen, he determined to write 
this appendix on the merits and glories of 
the Prophet's family OJH^ J*l v-JJU* ( j, 
supplementing what al-Hafiz al-Sakhawi 
(d. A.H. 902) had written on that subject. 

The first rubrics are : 

Fol. 2$ ij^t.iN J | \. \sa .c-JJ^ 

Fol. 66 c-o-^y *UMj ~b^s? J* 



Fol. 96 

Fol. 105 ^\\ J-JJ^ IJ 



After a few more chapters on kindred 
topics, there is a long Khatimah, foil. 176 
386, containing instances in proof of the 
holiness and prerogatives of the descendants 



of the Prophet. Towards the end, the author 
refers to a previous work of his, entitled 

Sk*$\ W j' , j Jk-^\ (one of the writings 

?^ Cr ~ (js ~ 

enumerated in al-Nur al-Safir, fol. 1026). 

194. 

Or. 3112. Foil. 6 ; 6 in. by 4; about 23 
lines, 3|- in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi, 
dated 1 Rajab, A.H. 1168 (A.D. 1755); 
bound up with Or. 3111. 

[KREMEB, no. 122.] 

A versified tract, in refutation of a poem 
composed by a native of San'a in praise of 
the founder of the Wahhabi sect, Muh. B. 
'Abd al-Wahhab. 



*~w 



Beg. 



The author, Sayyid Yasin B. Ibrahim al- 
Basri, gives his name and the date of compo- 
sition in the colophon : jj^J\ aJLJj liJJj Jls 



His treatise includes many lines of the 
refuted poem. 

Appended is another piece of the anony- 
mous poet of San'a, recanting his previous 
adhesion, and protesting against the slaughter 
and rapines perpetrated by the Wahhabis. 

Beg. (j^r (j >^> t/JJ\ JyO\ ^ 

HAS ^ JO 



Appendix to Theology. 

195. 

Or. 3972. Foil. 34 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 23 lines, 
3f in. long; written in fair, but sparely 



THEOLOGY. 



119 



pointed Neskhi ; dated Friday, 13 Sha'ban, 
A.H. 1073 (A.D. 1663). 

[GLASER, no. 266.] 

I. Foil. 126. 



A treatise on the fate of souls after death, 
and on the Day of Judgment, by Abu Hiimid 
Muhammad B. Muh.al-Ghazzali(d. A.H. 505). 

Beg. 



i- ^f 3J\ 



jj &~tL> 

This is the work which has been published, 
with a French translation, by Lucien Gautier, 
Geneve, 1878, and printed in Cairo, A.H. 1303. 

For MSS. see Gautier's preface, pp. xi. 
xiii. ; the Berlin Catalogue, nos. 2735 41 ; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., p. 505. 

II. Foil. 26632. Account of the death 
of the Prophet, as handed down by Ibn 

'Abbas, ^ i\j 



.=- 



Jl 



196. 

Or. 1032. Foil. 118 ; 7* in. by 5; 15 lines, 
3| in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi, with 
with red ink headings ; dated 8 llabl' I., 
A.H. 947 (A.D. 1540). 



Ingenious questions relating to subtleties 
of theology and law, by Shihab al.Dln Ahmad 
B. al-'Imad al-Akfahsi. 



Beg. 



The author, whose full name is Shihab al- 
Dln Abu 'l-'Abbas Ahmad B. 'Imad B. YQsuf 
al-Akfahsi '(from Akfahs in upper Egypt), 
commonly called Ibn al-'Imad, was a pupil 
of al-Tsnawi, and a learned legist. He died 
A.H. 808. See Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, fol. 135J ; 
Husn al-Muhadarah, vol. i., p. 249 ; and 
Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 1616. 

The first question will give an idea of the 
puerilities with which the work deals. Why 
does the profession of faith &*s? aJl\ "& J\ ^1 
aJJ\ Jj**>, consist of seven words and twenty- 
four letters, the Bismillah of nineteen letters, 
and the Adan of nineteen words ? The 
second is : Why does the negative in the 
profession of faith precede the affirmative ? 
The last question is : What is the use of 
the guardian angels attending men and 
writing down their actions, which are already 
recorded in the " Guarded tablet " ? 

The main authority quoted, almost on 
every page, is al-Naisaburi, probably Muh. 
B. 'Abdallah al-Hakim al-Naisaburi, who 
died A.H. 405. 

Other copies are mentioned by Aumer, 
Munich Catalogue, no. 214, and in the 
Khedive's Library, vol. vii., p. 90. 

197. 

Or. 3973. Foil. 27 ; 9 in. by 6| ; from 30 
to 35 lines, 5^ in. long ; written in cursive 
Neskhi, apparently in the 18th century. 

[GLASER, no. 267.] 

The first half of the same work, corres- 
ponding with foil. 1 50 of the preceding 
MS., Or. 1032. 

The MS, breaks off in a paragraph relating 
to the story of Jonas and the whale, Surah 
37, verses 143-44. 



120 



THEOLOGY. 



Foil. 21 27 contain a commentary, with- 
out author's name, upon ujJjU *-"&> f* *jy*> 
the 23rd Surah, from the beginning to 
verse 73. 



f.) 



.) 



198. 

Or. 1199. Foil. 61 ; 7f in. by 5$ ; 15 lines, 
3J in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 16th century. 

[ALEX. JABA.] 

Prophecies relating to coming wars and to 
the events that will precede the day of 
resurrection. 



J\S jJu 



From the following conclusion, the work 
appears to have been abridged by 'Abd al- 
Hafiz B. Shams al-Din al-'Umari al-Marsafi, 
from a work entitled Miftah al-Jafr al-Jami', 
by Zain al-Din 'Abd al-Rahman B. Muh. al- 

Bastami : . . . ^aii iJd\ JJ*!) *iiu U 



Al-Bastami, author of several cabbalistic 
works, lived in the ninth century. For his 
death, Haj. Khal. gives various dates, rang- 
ing from A.H. 843 to 858. The following 
of his works are dated : Shams al-Afak, 
A.H. 826 (Arabic Catalogue, pp. 344 and 778); 



Al-~Wafayat, A.H. 835 (Leyden Catalogue, 
vol. ii., p. 153) ; and Azhar al-Afak, A.H. 848 
(Haj. Khal., vol. i., p. 261). The year 843, 
mentioned in the present work, fol. 10, is 
apparently the date of composition. The 
date A.H. 899, assigned in a Gotha MS., 
Pertsch, no. 1511, to his Mafatlh, is probably 
due to an error of the scribe. 



199. 

Or. 4269. Foil. 69 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 23 lines, 
3f in. long; written in a rather cursive 
Neskhi ; dated Saturday, 27 Sha'ban, A.H. 
1139 (A.D. 1727). [BODGE.] 



A treatise on the signs and prognostics of 
the day of judgment, by Muh. B. 'Abd al- 
Rasul B. 'Abd al-Sayyid al-'Alawi al-Husaini 
al-Musawi al-Shahrazuri al-Barzanji al- 
Madani. 



Beg. 



o JIS 



ttif- 



ft>j 



The author, who gives his name as above 
at the end, was born in Shahrazur, A.H. 1040, 
and settled, after distant travels, in Medina, 
where he died A.H. 1103. The present 
treatise is mentioned among his numerous 
works in Silk al-Durar, vol. iv., p. 65. 

The main authorities followed are, as stated 
in the preface.'Ibn Hajar al-'Askalani, Jalal 
al-Din al-Suyuti, and Nur al-Dm al-Samhudi 
(d. A.H. 911). The work consists of three 
Babs, the headings of which are given in the 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 2766. 

The author completed it in Medina, in his 
dwelling in the Suwaikat Hamid, on the llth 
of Dulka'dah, A.H. 1076. ' 

Copyist : 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



121 



200. 

Or. 4276. Foil. 83; 6 in. by 4; 9 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in rude Neskhi, A.H. 
1215 (A.D. 1800). [BUDGE.] 

I. Foil. 1 46. An apocryphal book on 
the questions put by Moses to God, con- 
cluding with an account of his . death ; 
imperfect at the beginning. 

The work is apparently a late Muslim 
fabrication. The first section, the heading 
of which is extant, fol. 45, begins : <j 

L_J b 



In the last section, fol. 42<i, 
Moses gives an account of his own death. 

II. Foil. 4983. A collection of Hadiths, 
mostly spurious, relating to hell and the day 
of judgment: e^s- 



Beg. 



i^a. w lj JU> ajy ^1 j 



201. 

Or. 4278. Foil. 65 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 15 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in a fair large Turkish 
Neskhi, apparently in the 18th century. 

[BUDGE.] 

The apocryphal book entitled Zubur 
Da'ud (see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 5296, 
where other MSS. are mentioned). 

Beg. 



The -present copy contains 169 Surahs. 
The first Surah begins, like the MS. described 
by Nicoll, p. 79, with a free translation of 
the first Psalm, and ends like the third 
Surah of Add. 7212 (Arabic Catal., p. 529). 

The second Surah agrees, likewise, with 
the fourth of the latter copy, the third 
with the fifth, etc. But further on there 
is no longer any agreement between the two 

texts. 



At the end, fol. 64, is a notice of David, 
extracted from the 'Ara'is of al-Tha'alibi and 
from the Fath al-Bari of Ibn Hajar. 

A copy is noticed in the Paris Catalogue, 
no. 1397. 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 

Ibadis. 

202. 

Or. 2606. Foil. 232; 12f in. by 8J; 16 lines, 
5^ in. long; written in fair large Neskhi, with 
all the vowels, and with ruled margins ; dated 
4 Rabi' I., A.H. 1104 (A.D. 1692). 

[Presented by SIR JOHN KIRK.] 

A work on the history of the prophets 
and of religions and sects, designated in the 
colophon as 



This volume, which appears to be the 
second and last of the entire work, com- 
prises two main sections called ^^f, namely, 
the second and the third. Reference is in- 
cidentally made to a first Kitab, in which the 
theological system of the Ibadi sect, to which 
the author belonged, was fully set forth. 



122 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



The author's name, which does not appear 
in the MS., is found in the work entitled 
Kamus al-Shari'ah, by Jumayyil B. Khamis 
al-Sa'di, printed in Zanzibar, A.H. 1297. 
In vol. viii., p. 309, he is called Abu Sa'id 
Muhammad B. Sa'id al-Azdial-Kalhati, ,J\$&\ 
(from Kalhat, in Oman, v. Yakut, vol. iv., 
p. 168), and described as one of the 'Ulama 
of Oman. 

Extracts from Kitab al-Kashf wal-Bayan 
are given in the first volume of the same 
work, pp. 20, 37, also vol. v., pp. 2, 63, 84, 
and the author, Abu Sa'id Muh. B. Sa'id, is 
mentioned twice, vol. ix., pp. 312, 314, as 
one of the great orthodox Imams of the past. 

The Kamus al-Shari'ah was written during 
the reign of the Imam Sultan B. Saif B. 
Malik, A.H. 10591079. See Badger, His- 
tory of the Imams and Seyyids of 'Oman, 
pp. 7890. 

The subjects of Kitab II. and Kitab III. 
are indicated at theend of the former,fol. 1095, 

as follows : <_>*j*^j Ol^J! jU- t\sx\ ^J^ J 



Kitab II. begins as follows 



It comprises the following twenty-four 
Babs: 1. Creation, fol. U. 2. Adam, fol. 8a. 
3. Patriarchs and Prophets from Seth to 
Jesus, fol. 10a. 4. Chronology of the Pro- 
phets, fol. 40a. 5. History of the Ka'bah, 
fol. 43&. 6. Ashab al-Ukhdud, and inroad of 



the Abyssinians, fol. 456. 7. Mission of 
Muhammad, fol. 496. 8. Life of the Prophet, 
fol. 55a. 9. On the chronology of his life, 
and on his superior qualities, fol. 606. 
10. His prerogatives, fol. 64a. 11. Covenant 
of the Ansar and Nakibs, fol. 686. 12. Ex- 
peditions of Muhammad, fol. 706. 13. His 
sayings, fol. 746. 14. Continuation of the 
sayings ; death of the Prophet, fol. 756. 
15. Khilafat of Abu Bakr, fol. 80a. 16. Khila- 
fat of 'Umar, fol. 82a. 17. Khilafat of 'Uth- 
man, fol. 846. 18. Khilafat of 'Ali, fol. 926. 
19. Rising of Talhah, Zubair, and 'A'ishah, 
fol. 946. 20. Rising of Mu'awiyah, fol. 95. 
21. Rising of the men of al-Nahrawan, 
fol. 98a. 22. Debate of the Muslims with 
'Abdallah B. 'Abbas, fol. 996. 23. Accession 
of al-Hasan, fol. 1066. 24. Rule of Mu'awiyah 
and his descendants, fol. 107a. 

According to the author, Abu Bakr and 
'Umar were the only legitimate successors of 
the Prophet. 'Uthman, having, after the 
first six years of his Khilafat, swerved from 
the right path, was justly put to death by 
the true believers. 'Ali, by acquiescing in 
the arbitration proposed by Mu'awiyah, for- 
feited likewise his claims, and the only faithful 
Muslims were the Khawarij, who rose against 
him, but were ultimately crushed on the field 
of Nahrawan. 

Kitab III., which treats of religions and 
sects, comprises twenty-six Babs, numbered 
in continuation of the preceding from 25 to 
50. It follows in the main the arrangement 
of al-Shahrastani, and is to some extent 
abridged from his work. It contains, how- 
ever, much additional matter of a controver- 
sial nature. 

In the following statement of the contents, 
references are given in parenthesis to the 
corresponding pages of Haarbriicker's trans- 
lation of al-Shahrastani's work. Bab 25. 
Introduction, on sects in general. Bab 26. 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



123 



Sects of the Magi, fol. 11] a. Bab 27. The 
Sabseans, fol. 113. Bab 28. Philosophers, 
fol. 114a. Bab 29. The Arabs in the time 
of ignorance, fol. 1145. Bab 30. Materialists 
among the Arabs, i >jA\ 5Ua** , fol. 1175. 
Bab 31. Arab sages before the Islam, fol. 119. 
Bab 32. Doctrines of the Hindus, fol. 1246. 
Bab 33. Sun-worshippers, fol. 126a. Bab 34. 
Moon-worshippers, ib. Bab 35. Sects of the 
Jews, fol. 1266. Bab 36. Sects of the Chris- 
tians, fol. 131a. Bab 37. On the children 
of idolaters and false Muslims, fol. 135a. 
Bab 38. Sects of Islamism, fol. 1376. Bab. 39. 
The Mu'tazilah and Kadariyyah, fol. 13 96. 
Bab 40. Their fourteen subdivisions, enume- 
rated as follows: 1. Vasiliyyah (Haarbriicker, 
p. 44), fol. 1466; 2. Hudailiyyah (p. 48), 
fol. 1476 ; 3. Nazzamiyyah (p. 53), fol. 1486; 
4. Habitiyyah (p. 61), fol. 150a; 5. Bish- 
riyyah (p. 65), fol. 15 la; 6. Mu'ammariyyah 
(p. 67), fol. 1516 ; 7. Muzdariyyah (p. 71), 
fol. 1516; 8. Tammamiyyah (p. 73), fol. 152; 
9. Jahiziyyah (p. 76), fol. 1526 ; 10. Khay- 
yatiyyah (p. 79), fol. 153a ; 11. Juba'iyyah 
Bahshamiyyah (p. 80), fol. 1536; 12. Jah- 
miyyah (p. 89), fol. 154a; 13. Najjariyyah 
(p. 92), fol. 1 55a ; 14. Dirariyyah (p. 94), 
fol. 1556. Bab 41. Sifatiyyah, Hashwiyyah, 
and Mushabbihah (p. 41), fol. 156a. Bab 42. 
Refutation of the Tashblh, or anthropomor- 
phism, fol. 157a. Bab 43. Sects of the 
Mushabbihah, fifteen in number, viz., 1. Kar- 
ramiyyah (p. 119), fol. 163a ; 2. Haidamiyyah 
(p. 119), fol. 1636; 3. Ash'ariyyah (p. 98), 
fol. 164a ; 4. Malikiyyah, fol. 1646 ; 5. 
Hanafiyyah, fol. 1666 ; 6. Hanbaliyyah, 
fol. 1706; 7. Shaf'awiyyah, fol. 171; 8- 
15. Da'udiyyah, Kahshamiyyah, 'Abidiyyah, 
Thauriyyah, Zaribiyyah, Ishakiyyah, Wilhid- 
iyyah, and Zahiriyyah (p. 119), fol. 1766. 
Bab 44. Hadiths on which the adversaries 
rely, fol. 180a. Bab 45. The Khawarij 
(p. 128), fol. 1956. Their sixteen sects are 
enumerated as follows : Bab 46. Wahbiyyah 



and Azarikah (p. 133), fol. 196i. Bab 47. 
Refutation of their arguments, fol. 1976 ; 
Najdiyyah (p. 136), fol. 1996; 'Atawiyyah 
(p. 133), fol. 201a ; A'samiyyah, ib. ; Sali- 
hiyyah (p. 162), ib. ; Baihasiyyah (p. 139), 
fol. 2016; 'Ajradiyyah (p. 143), fol. 202a ; 
Maimuniyyah (p. 144), fol. 2026 ; Sufriyyah 
(p. 154), ib. ; Hafsiyyah (p. 153), fol. 203a; 
Tha'labiyyah (p. 147), ib. ; Akhnasiyyah 
(p. 148), ib.; Hazimiyyah (p. 146), fol. 2036; 
Khalafiyyah (p. 145), fol. 2036 ; Sa'diyyah 
or Sa'idiyyah,ib. Bab 48. The Shi'ah (p. 48), 
fol. 204a. Bab 49. Sects of the Shi'ah 
(p. 49)5 fol. 2166. The following twenty-six 
are mentioned, viz. : 1. Kaisaniyyah (p. 165), 
ib. ; 2. Mukhtariyyah (p. 166), fol. 217a; 3. 
Hashimiyyah (p. 169), fol. 2176 ; 4. Ban- 
naniyyah (p. 171), fol. 218a; 5. Razzamiy- 
yah (p. 173), fol. 2186; 6. Zaidiyyah (p. 174), 
ib. ; 7. Jarudiyyah (p. 178), fol. 219a ; 8. 
Sulaimaniyyah (p. 180), fol. 219a ; 9. Salih- 
iyyah (p. 181), fol. 2196 ; 10. Iraamiyyah 
(p. 184), ib.; 11. Bakiriyyah (p. 188),fol. 220a; 
12. Nawisiyyah (p. 190), ib.; 13. Isma'Iliyyah 
(p. 219), fol. 2206; 14. Abtahiyyah (p. 190), 
ib. ; 15. Asmatiyyah (Sharaltiyyah, p. 191), 
2206; 16. Fudailiyyah Musawiyyah (p. 191), 
fol. 221a; 17. Ghaliyah (p. 199), ib. ; 18. 
Saba'iyyah (p. 200), fol. 2216 ; 19. Kami- 
liyyah (p. 201), ib. ; 20. 'Ala'iyyah ('llba'- 
iyyah, p. 202), fol. 222a ; 21. Mughiriyyah 
(p. 203), ib. ; 22. Mansuriyyah (p. 205), fol. 
2226; 23. Khattabiyyah (p. 206), fol. 223a; 
24. Kayyaliyyah (p. 208), ib. ; 25. Hisham- 
iyyah (p. 212), fol. 2236; 26. Nu'maniyyah 
(p. 215), fol. 224a. Bab 50. Exposition of 
the creed of the orthodox sect (the Ibadis) 
and demonstration of their tenets, foil. 224a 
232a. 

The Ibadis, as stated in the last section, 
base their creed upon the Goran, the Sunnah, 
and the Ijma', or consensus of the learned 
Muslims. The sect was founded by 'Abdallah 
B. Ibad, called Imam al-Muslimin, who was 

E 2 



124 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



born in the time of al-Mu'awiyah, and lived 
down to the reign of 'Abd al-Malik B. 
Marwan (A.H. 65 86). He-is said to have 
received his doctrines from 'Abdallah B. al- 
' Abbas, and from Abu '1-Sha'tha Jabir B. 
Zaid, who died A.H. 103. He was one of 
the Khawarij who declared, A.H. 64, against 
'Abdallah B. Zubair on account of his par- 
tisanship for Khalif 'Uthman, whom they 
reproved as Kafir. See the Kamil, vol. iv., 
p. 137. Shahrastani states that he was 
defeated near Tabalah by 'Abdallah B. Muh. 
B. 'Atiyyah, sent against him by Marwan B. 
Muhammad. See Haarbiicker's translation, 
vol. i., p. 151. This last statement, however, 
is erroneous. Shahrastani appears to have 
confounded the founder of the sect with one 
of his followers, the Ibadi chief 'Abdallah B. 
Yahya al-Kindi al-Hadrami, called Talib al- 
Hakk. It was the latter who was defeated 
and slain near Ta'if, A.H. 130, in an en- 
counter with Marwan's general, 'Abd al-Malik 
(not 'Abdallah) B. Muh. B. 'Atiyyah al-Sa'di. 
See Mas'udi, les Prairies d'Or, torn, vi., p. 27, 
and the Kamil, vol. v., p. 300. 

Ahmad B. al-Nazar, an Ibadi doctor and 
poet, whose Diwan is contained in Or. 2434, 
is frequently quoted. 

Mubarak B. 'Abdallah al-Nazawi, \j}j&, 
who wrote the present copy for Shaikh 'Abd 
al-Rahman B. Muh. al-Battashi, says in the 
colophon that the original MS. was faulty, 
and that he often corrected it by the sense. 

On the first page is written : " To George 
Percy Badger, with D. Kirk's compliments, 
Zanzibar, 14 March, 1873;" and lower 
down : " Obtained from Muskat through 
Seyd Hamedbin Salim bin Sultan bin Ahmed 
al-Imam, J. K." 

An account of the Ibadiyyah will be found 
in Badger's History of the Imams and Seyyids 
of 'Oman, pp. 385 98. See also Mas'udi, 



les Prairies d'Or, v., p. 318; Fliigel, Fihrist, 
vol. ii., p. 172 ; and Dozy, Histoire des 
Musulmans d'Bspagne, vol. i., p. 238. 



Zaidis. 

203. 

Or. 3977. Foil. 320 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 18 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; with 
Thulth headings and red-ruled margins ; 
dated Thursday, 12 Safar, A.H. 10 L9 (A.D. 
1610). [G-LASER, no. 271.] 

A collection of the religious and legal 
teachings of some early Imams of the Zaidis, 
containing : 

I. Foil. 26186. Kitab al-Safwah, a tract 
ascribed to Imam Zaid B. 'Ali B. al-Husain 
(a grandson of Husain the Martyr), who 
died A.H. 121 or 122 : JjH \*W ayUM L 



It begins with the following Isnad : 

Jli' ij&4 C^f 

JIS 



,!iLJ\ auAs- 



lo\ 



The object of the author is to show that 
the descendants of the Prophet are the 
"Elect/' 'JjsLoN, whom the faithful are 
bound to follow. 

II. Foil. 19676. Answers of Imam al- 
Kasim B. Ibrahim (Tabataba al-Rassi, who 
died A.H. 246) to questions put to him by 
his son, Abu 'Abdallah Muhammad, and 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



125 



others, on various points of religious obser- 
vances, and on the meaning of some texts 
of the Goran and Hadith, with this title : 



Beg. sj 



JIS 



There are detached series of questions 
beginning at foil. 196, 276, 46a, 53a, 556, etc. 
The Imam's son, Abu 'Abdallah Muhammad, 
who in the first of these puts the questions 
to his father, appears further on, foil. 586 
63, as the author of some of the answers. 

III. Foil. 686726. Observations of the 
same Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. al-Kasim on 
the history of Moses, as told in the 'Coran. 



Beg. Us 



J1 



IV. Foil. 73a 77a. Letter written by 
Imam al-Murtada lidin-aliah Muh. B. al- 
Hadi ila'1-hakk Yahya B. al-Husain to the 
people of Tabaristan after his father's death. 



J\ . . 

This is followed, foil. 776, by his answer 
to Miisa B. Hiirun al-'Aufi, upon reason and 
understanding, ^iMj Ja]\ 

Al-Murtada, born A.H. 278, succeeded to 
the Imamat after his father's death, A.H. 
298, and died at the age of thirty-two, 
A.H. 310. See al-Hada'ik al-Wardiyyah, 
Or. 37S6, foil. 4752. 

V. Foil. 79o 1806. Answers of the same 
Imam to 'Abdallah B. al-Hasan on points of 
law, and on the meaning of various texts 
of the Coran and Hadith, with the title : 



* 4N 



Beg. 

This is probably the Masa'il al-Ma'kili, 
jl~*, mentioned among the numerous 
works of al-Murtada in al-Hada'ik, Or. 3786, 
fol. 476. It is divided into seven parts 
(Juz'), the third of which is wanting. The 
remaining parts begin as follows : Juz 2, 
fol. 96a; Juz 4, fol. 115a ; Juz 5, fol. 1326; 
Juz 6, foil. 149a ; and Juz 7, foil. 1 65a. 

This work and the next articles, vi. viii., 
have been transcribed from an earlier MS., 
noticed further on, Or. 3760. 

VI. Foil. 181 1826. A few answers of 
Imam al-Hadi Yahya B. al-Husain, and of 
Muh. B. al-Kasim. 

VII. Foil. 1836 255a. Decisions of Imam 
al-Kasim B. 'Ali B. 'Abdallah (al-Mansur- 
billah, who died A.H. 393) on legal questions, 
selected from Kitab al-Tafrl', with the title : 



W\ J\S 



Beg. 



The decisions are arranged under the 
usual headings of legal books from Kitab al- 
Taharat, to Kitab al-Fara'id. The work is 
divided 'into two parts, the second of which 
begins fol. 223. 

VIII. Foil. 2566 3196. Kitab al-Masa'il, 
answers of Imam al-Kasim B. Ibrahim (v. 
art. ii.) to his son al-Hasan on points of law, 
arranged under the usual headings of legal 

works, with this title : 



126 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



*j* ju 



^ ^- 



flM 



Beg. Ll 



The work is divided into two parts (Juz), 
the second of which begins fol. 2936. The 
last section has the heading {ja>)jS&\ JA . 
The work is stated at the end to comprise 
800 questions. 

204. 

Or. 3911. Foil. 42; 8 in. by 7. 

[GLASER, no. 202.] 

I. Foil. 1231 ; 24 lines, 5 in. long ; 
written in an angular writing, apparently in 
the 12th century ; containing: 

1. Answers of Imam al-Kasim B. Ibrahim 
to his son Muhammad, the same as in no. 203, 
art. ii. ; imperfect at the beginning. The 
contents correspond with foil. 51 67 of the 
latter copy. 

2. Fol. 24a. Observations of Abu 'Abdallah 
Muh. on Moses, etc., the same as in no. 203, 
art. iii. 

3. Fol. 27a. Letter of al-Murtada Muh. 
B. al-Hadi to the people of Tabaristan, the 
same as in no. 203, art. iv. At the end is a 
contemporary attestation, dated Rabi' I., 
A.H. 528. 

The remaining portions of the MS. are 
quite modern, and contain : 

II. Foil. 111. Al-Jawahir wal-Durar, a 
chronological list of the Zaidi Imams, abridged 
from the tenth book of the Dibajah of al- 



Bahr (Or. 4021, foil. 8093), and brought 
down to al-Mahdi al-'Abbas B. al-Mansur, 
A.H. 1162. 

III. Foil. 3 37. The Badl'iyyah of Isma'il 
B. Abi Bakr al-Mukri. See another copy 
with the author's commentary, Or. 3846, 
art. i. 

205. 

Or. 3760. Foil. 185 ; 8 in. by 6J ; 22 lines, 
> in. long ; written in archaic, sparely- 
pointed, Neskhi ; dated Thursday, 4 Rajab, 
A.H. 479 (A.D. 1086). [GLASER, no. 44.] 

Answers of early Imams on points of 
theology and law, namely 

I. Foil. 1 77ffl. Answers of al-Murtada 
lidin-allah Muhammad B. Yahya B. al-Husain 
to 'Abdallah B. al-Hasan, with the title : 



Beg. 



5) JM mo J* )J 



The same collection has been noticed 
above, no. 203, art. v. 

The third of the seven Juz of which it 
consists is wanting here, as in the former 
copy. The others begin as follows : Juz 2, 
fol. 106; Juz 4, fol. 24a ; Juz 5, fol. 376; 
Juz 6, fol. 51 a ; Juz 7, fol. 646. 

II. Foil. 78a 796. Answers of al-Hadi and 
Muh. B. al-Kasim, the same as in no. 2(J3, 

art. vi. 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



127 



III. Foil. 80a 135*. Decisions of al- 
Kasim B. 'AH, extracted from Kitab al- 
Tafri', the same as in no. 203, art. vii. 

The 2nd Juz begins fol. 1106. 

IV. Foil. 136a 1856. Answers of Imam 
al-Kasim to his son al-Hasan, the same as in 
no. 203, art. viii. 

Juz 2 begins fol. 1646. 



206. 

Or. 3798. Foil. 183 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 27 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in large and clear 
Neskhi, with ruled margins ; dated Monday, 
18 Sha'ban, A.H. 1172 (A.D. 1759). 

[GLASEE, no. 84.] 

A collection of theological and legal trea- 
tises, by Imam al-Hadi ila '1-hakk Yahya B. 
al-Husain (who died A.H. 298; see Or. 3971), 
with the following title : -U^ c^l/ 

J\ 



Thirty works of the above Imam, includ- 
ing some of the contents of this volume, are 
enumerated in al-Hada'ik al-Wardiyyah, 
Or. 3786, fol. 18, where he is said to have 
written about twenty more, not specified. 

The contents of the MS. are 



1. Fol. 16. &j\g\A\^,\iJ, setting forth 
the duty incumbent upon every intelligent 
adult with regard to religious belief. 

Beg. J 



J1 



This is the 21st work in the above-men- 
tioned list, where it is praised for the 
elegance of its style. 



II. Fol. 36. 
faith ; the 24th tract. 

Beg. 



a profession of 



III. Fol. 5a. *v^U i >ll/, treating of the 
fear of God ; the 25th tract. 

Beg. gjjH U ixlii ^ ^1 JJ i_^.U J^^ 

IV. Fol. 6a. ^^L-il v^ on Tauhld, or 
the doctrine of God's unity, and His attributes. 

This extensive treatise, the 12th of the 
list, is divided into two parts ^, the first 
of which begins : 



V. Fol. 24a. 

a tract against anthropomorphism; the 13th 
of the list. 



Beg. 



VI. Fol. 266. wjpjlj jjj ju 

, on the omniscience, power, and will 
of God ; designated in the list, no. 14, as 



Beg. aj&\j\j 3ji\jj B&\ J* ^ JL> (^r*) Jljb 

< i^&>^ Lf^ 1 tj ^d^ ? L)* J^-* *-i- 
VII. Fol. 276. 5,5^ iJuJ) jjU- ^Ji 

JJ\ J^j y* ^^ f^J w* i-^*' a S a i ns t those who 
denied the divine origin of the Sunnah. 



128 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



It is called at the end *iJI 



VIII. Fol. 346. 
the Imam's answer to a question of his son, 
Abul-Kasim Muhammad, as to the proofs of 
the divine mission of Prophets and Imams. 



laf' 



Jjjj 



It is designated in the list, no. 19, as 



IX. Fol. 37a. 
t_J\l> ^yjl j.y, in proof of the Imamate of 
'All B. Abi Talib. 

Beg. t- 



v^-i 



X. Fol. 38a. Sjjutt oUS\ L_^b, in answer to 
a question about the proofs of the divine 
mission of Muhammad. 



XI. Fol. 386. *U^ J ill e, in answer to 
Abu 'Abdallah al-Husain B. 'Abdallah al- 
Tabari about the Imamat of 'Ali. 



XII. Fol. 396. ^ Js>! ^ Js-jJ SI 
in answer to a man of Kum, about the origin 
of the knowledge of God in man's mind. 



XIII. Fol. 426. jo* yj ui-* JA~ 
I ?j l ia5\ *i)\, in answer to the questions of al- 
Husain B. 'Abdallah al-Tabari ; being the 
Imam's apology for his conduct and enact- 
ments. 

XIV. Fol. 486. A short tract in proof of 



the divine mission of Muhammad, beginning : 
i Jc- JJ d\ U Jlai Jj.U JU y\ 



XV. Fol. 496. &^ <_j^ a summary of 
the creed and of religious obligations, the 
23rd of the list. 

Beg. tj\+~> 

XVI. Fol. 536. u;j L_^, a 
defence of the Zaidi doctrine against the 
other sects of Islam ; the 22nd of the list. 



XVLI. Fol. 656. ^t^-^oJ L-jli, inter- 
pretation of the word Kursi, the Divine 
Throne. 

Beg. y ^ J\ 5) ^JJ^ dL5^ U\ J^*\ J\i ^ Ul 

XVIII. Fol. 676. 
Jo)\ ewj^Ji JJ* aJl t>^> the Imam's answer 

to the letter which the men of San'a sent to 
him on his arrival. 

Beg. -J^ *> "* &i^A> (A (j jJ! W J-* 



XIX. Fol. 69a. ^\ ^yo\, the fundaments 
of the faith ; the 17th tract of the list. 

Beg. ^.^ U 



XX. Fol. 716. j 

^fci, against those who allege that a 
portion of the Goran is lost. 

XXI. Fol. 73a. tjjz* JJLe, answers to 

various questions put to the Imam by his 
son al-Murtada lidin-allah Muhammad and 
others. 



SECTARIAN WOEKS. 



129 



XXII. Fol. 776. 



J\ 



j\. 



traditions of the Imam's disciples regarding 
his life and precepts. 



XXIII. Fol. 796. j J>\ 
admonition by the Imam. 



an 



XXIV. Fol. 846. 



J\ *j 



, or statement of 
his claim to be acknowledged as Imam, sent 
to Ahmad B. Yahya B. Zaid. 



XXV. Fol. 92a. 



3L-., his 



answer to a question of his son, Abu '1-Kusim 
Muhammad. 



XXVI. Fol. 94>a. 



, on Kiyas, 



or inference by analogy, as a means of decid- 
ing points of law ; the 10th tract of the list. 



Beg. 3J],1 



xxvu. Fol. loot, 



JJ.L- 



^^\, the Imam's answers to the theological 
questions of Abul-Kasim al-Zaid. 



XXVIII. Fol. 1196. J^ 6* &\\ U 

4}^, on that which God forbade to the 
Prophet. 



XXIX. Fol. 121. IH>J! blk. ^ j, on 
the sins of . the Prophets ; in answer to 
Ibrahim B. al-Muhsin al-'Alawi ; (the 26th 

Of the list, \JuJ 



XXX. Fol. 1286. bj&)j "i J* o 
a refutation of the Mujabbirah and Kadariy- 
yah sects ; (no. 15 of the list &>* 
j). 



Beg. 

XXXI. Fol. 1386. U- 



uc- *5l*, answers to Abu 
Ja'far Muh. B. Sulaiman al-Kufi on points of 



law, arranged according to the usual order 
of legal books. 



Beg. C 



J15 



This is the u ^lft)l t-jVlX no. 3 of the list ; 
see Or. 3971, I. 

XXXII. Fol. 160*. g*}\ (-Al/, on the 

law relating to the suckling of infants ; 
no. 6 of the list ; v. Or. 3971, II. 

XXXIII. Fol. 1696. i.1^1 C..j-u"> J, in 
proof of the Imamat of 'Ali ; v. Or. 
3971, III. 

XXXIV. Fol. 175o. i.1^1 c**rt s-Ai/, 
another tract on the same subject, ascribed 
by some to Zaid B. 'Ali ; v. Or. 3971, IV. 

XXXV. Fol. 1796. Covenant of al-Hiidi 
ila '1-Hakk . . . jJ^ J\ <^M f \A 

v. Or. 3971, V. 

XXXVI. Fol. 1806. ,^-A (J^\ u-UL$, on 
the spiritual significance of the " Throne," 
and of material attributes ascribed to God ; 
v. Or. 3971, VI. 

Beg. aolft >U\ O\jL u^-^ (^ (^-^ J^* 



207. 

Or. 3884 Foil. 72 ; 8 J in. by 6 ; a volume 
of mixed contents. [GLASER, no. 170.] 

I. Foil. 133; 27 lines, about 3 in. long; 
written in a small and cursive Neskhi ; dated 
from the Masjid Da'ud, San'ii, Sunday, 
15 Jumada I., A.H. 1055 (A.D. 1645). 



130 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



Glosses of Sarim al-Din Ibrahim B. Yahya 
al-Suhuli upon the treatise of theology known 
as al-Thalathun al-Mas'alah, by Ahmad B. 
al-Hasan al-Rassas, to which the following 
description, in the hand of the scribe, is 

prefixed : 



444}' 



Beg. 



iO 



The above treatise is called in some copies 

.jJO\ ^^ iiy/o j, ( ,^U\ ^V^- Its author, 

Baha al-DIn Ahmad B. al-Hasan al-Rassas, 
lived at the close of the sixth century of 
the Hijrah. The author of al-Hada'Ik al- 
Wardiyyah, Or. 3786, fol. 160, calls him his 

master, U^*", and speaks of him as dead at 
the time of writing, i.e., about A.H. 620. 
His father, Husam al-DIn al-Hasan B. 
Muhammad al-Rassas, was the Shaikh of 
Imam al-Mansur 'Abdallah B. Hamzah, who 
was born A.H. 561, and died A.H. 613. 
See al-Tarjuman, fol. 142a. 

The author of the gloss died A.H. 1060. 
See, further on, Hashiyat al-Azhar, Or. 3756. 

The text of al-Rassas, which is written in 
full, with red ink, begins : ^ t/i A ^*U 



It professes to set forth that knowledge 
of God which every believer should possess, 



and is divided into three parts J^-ai, each 
of which comprises ten propositions 
The first part treats of God's unity, 
the second of His justice, J^, the third of 
His promises and comminations, ^f-^j ^f-^- 
The text is found in Or. 4026, foil. 106113. 
See also Ahlwardt, Glasersche Sammlung, 
no. 59, 3 , 4 , no. 67, \ and no. 194, 2 ; and 
Berlin Catalogue, nos. 2360-65. 

The glosses, have been compiled and 
arranged by the writer of the present MS., 
Salih B. Da'ud al-Anisi, who added mar- 
ginal notes from Sharh al-Tahrir, al-Khula- 
sah, and Sharh al-Asas. 

II. Foil. 3562 ; 11 lines, 3 in. long ; 
17th century. 

A short treatise on Usul al-Fikh, without 
author's name, endorsed &SAS1 ^yo\ ,j 



Beg. . . . 



It is divided into ten Babs, as follows : 
1. \4^\j3j 5*P r U\ ^^ J, fol. 36a; 2. J 
2^\, fol. 386; 3. ^\j J>A^ J, fol. 516; 
4. jl^lj iiLaJ 1 J, fol. 53a; 5. ^]jj^\ J, 
fol. 54a ; 6. ^>^j r ^ ^J, fol. 55a ; 7. J , 
u -uJ\ J J^ 3 ^, fol. 566; 8. ^\ J, fol. 576; 
9. JjJJa\j s>\&ry J, fol. 58a ; 10. ^XH J, 
fol. 60a. The end of the last Bab is wanting. 

III. Foil. 6372, 19 .lines, 3 in. ; written 
in small Nestalik; dated Dulhijjah, A.H. 1143, 
(A.D. 1731). 

A commentary, by Sayyid Muhammad B. 
Zaid B. Muh. B. al-Hasan, upon a prayer to 
be recited after completing the perusal of 
the Goran, ascribed to Imam Zain al-'Abidln, 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



131 



Beg. 



This copy was transcribed from the auto- 
graph MS. of the commentator, who was 
alive at the date of writing. 



208. 

Or. 3953. Foil. 122 ; 8fin. by 5J ; 20 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in small and neat Neskhi, 
apparently in the 17th century. 

[GLASEE, no. 247.] 

A full commentary upon the work described 
under the preceding number, art. i., al- 
Thalathun al-Mas'alah. 



Beg. 



J 






The commentary, the author of which is 
not named, comprises the whole text written 
in red. It is much fuller than the gloss 
above mentioned, but contains many identical 
passages. 

The MS. was written for Sayyid Jamal 
al-Dln Muh. B. al-Nasir B. 'Abd al-Rabb 
(mentioned by the author of Tib al-Samar, i., 
fol. 68, as a senior contemporary). A note 
states that it was read in Shibam, A.H. 1093 
(A.D. 1682). 

Foil. 18 and 116122 contain miscel- 
laneous notes and extracts. 



209. 

Or. 4009. Foil. 44; 6-J in. by 4 ; from 20 
to 23 lines, 3^ in. long ; written in cursive 



Neskhi, almost destitute of diacritical dots, 
apparently in the 13th century. 

[GI/ASER, no. 307.] 

A treatise on theology (Kalam), imperfect 
at beginning and end. 



The first heading, fol. Ib, is ,j Jj5M 
L^y-^ *)J&-\, and the chapter begins as fol- 
lows ; 



jo c 



US 



' J 6 



The work is divided into unnumbered 
Babs, some of which are subdivided into 
Fusul. The headings of the second and next 
following Babs are : ^\ j JyDl < >b, fol. 3i; 
JoiU^ J* j JjSJ^, fol. 5; <jiy^ ij.jj j 
fol. 6 ; cjy_y^ , fol. 76 ; ^ ^ ^-^ l^ 
\ j- , fol. 10 ; j.L*.^ Uij t>y>>\ l^ j 
fol. 106; \j>\f$\ ^U-, J J^, fol. 126; J 

r W^)\ uJAXi.^ fol. 136; jUi 1 J 

, fol. 15a ; Jj 



J, fol. 17, etc. 



The last chapter, s^JJl ^ J^> breaks off 
at the fourth page. The author quotes two 
of the Zaidi Imams as authorities, viz., Yahya 
B. al-Husain (al-Hadi) author of the Mustar- 
shid (no. 206 iv.), who died A.H. 298, and al- 
Husain B. al-Kasim B. 'AH (al-Mahdi) who 
died A.H. 404. He mentions also al-Rassas 
(Ahmad B. al-Hasan,a great Zaidi theologian, 
who died c. A.H. 600, v. no. 207). Under 
each head the author sets forth the tenets of 
the Zaidis, and then proceeds to discuss and 
refute those of other sects. His polemic is 
chiefly directed against the Ash'ariyyah and 
Ja'fariyyah. 

s2 



132 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



210. 

Or. 3976. Foil. 297 ; 12 in. by 8* ; 19 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
headings in fine Thulth, and red -ruled 
margins, apparently in the 17th century. 

[GLASEE, no. 270.] 

Doctrinal and polemical writings of Imam 
al-Mansur billah 'Abdallah B. Hamzah, who 
was born A.H. 561, proclaimed A.H. 594, 
and died A.H. 614. 

This volume is designated on the edge as 
the first of the collection: 
*)Jb aLJ\ . It contains : 



I. Foil. 1 144#. A full exposition of the 
Zaidi doctrine respecting the Imamat, espe- 
cially directed against the Imamiyyah, who 
admit only twelve Imams, and bearing the 



following title : 



M Js- yj u-* ij^. ^ 
J\ 'i.>fj>\ 

Beg. . . . ^^>\ *^\ yc JU3 ^ 

'we \ 



Mentioned as one of the Imam's works in 
Hada'ik al-Wardiyyah, Or. 3786, fol. 1916, 
and in al-Tarjuman, fol. 1426. 

II. Foil. 145 168a. A polemical work 
against the Mutarrafiyyah, a sect of heretics, 
whom the author stigmatizes as arrant apos- 
tates and outlaws, with this title : 



U&Uj 



Beg. J 



J\ 



See Hada'ik, fol. 152a, and Tarjuman, 
fol. 1426. 

This work is mentioned by Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 2077, but wrongly 
ascribed to Hamzah B. Sulaiman. 

III. Foil. 169 209. A treatise on the 
laws relating to the taking of captives and 
booty, *joi!lj U-Jl <&\ ^A-X-JO <jJ -*Ju*N *jd\ 

Beg. 



See Hada'ik and Tarjuman, ib. A copy is 
mentioned by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 2077. 

IV. Foil. 210 234a. Answers to various 
questions relating to the Mutarrafiyyah and 
other subjects, *jj!lai\ '& ^-a" "> JJL- iuj>-\ 



Beg. ^ td 



Ut 



V. Foil. 2352716. A polemical treatise 
on Kalam, entitled : 

Beg. 



This is the first of the Imam's writings. 
He composed it in early youth by desire of 
his Shaikh, al-Hasan B. Muh. al-Rassas, in 
refutation of a circular letter sent from 
Egypt, and advocating the Ash'ari doctrines. 
See Hada'ik. fol. 149a. It consists of 48 
sections, called 



VI. Foil. 272a 2776. Answers to divers 
questions on points of doctrine and morals, 



-/e 



Beg. 



VII. Foil. 27762876. A treatise on 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



133 



Imamat, in four chapters, J^oJ, in answer to 
the questions contained in the " two papers," 
beginning : 



VIII. Foil. 28762916. Answers to five 
questions relating to the prophetical office, 
and to some points of doctrine and law. 

IX. Foil. 292 293*. Answers to six 
questions on the rights of Imams, put to the 
Imam by Sultan al-Hasan B. Isma'il al- 

Daf'ani, y-J^ J^ ylUJll^ JUL, JSL\\ 



211. 

Or. 3828. Foil. 209; 10 in. by 6f; 14 or 
15 lines, 4f in. long; written in a large and 
flowing character by a skilled and scholarly 
scribe ; dated (foil. 1486, 1906) Huth, Yaman, 
Rajab, A.H. 625 (A.D. 1228). ' 

[GrLASER, no. 116.] 

A volume containing some other theologi- 
cal treatises by the same Imam, al-Mansur- 
billah 'Abdallah B. Hamzah B. Sulaiman, as 
follows : 

I. Foil. 2 11. An exposition of the Zaidi 
creed, with the following title in the hand- 

writing of the copyist: Qj+A^ sjj&O! L->l^s 



Beg. 



JJI 



Ul 



This treatise is mentioned as one of the 



writings of al-Mansur-billah in the Hada'ik 
al-Wardiyyah, Or. 3786, fol. 192o, with the 
title 



II. Foil. 12148. A treatise on the 
fundaments of the faith and the authority of 
the Imams, being a diffuse commentary by 
the same Imam on his own metrical tract in 
quatrains. 

In an Ijazah, or licence, written at the 
end, fol. I486, the work is designated as 
Vy-J i^UI aupt ^U^. In the Hada'ik, 
fol. 150, the commentary is called %'.**J\ Ji 



The same title appears on a folio written 
by a later hand, to supply the lacuna of the 
MS., and now placed at the beginning of the 
volume. 

The work is described in the Hada'ik as 
consisting of two parts, the first of which 
treats of Usul al-Dln, and the second of the 
merits of the holy lineage, i^LJl. The second 
part only is contained in the MS. 

The beginning of the poem, as supplied by 
the additional leaf, is as follows : 



The commentary begins : ,. 
* jj i_J^at j * 



The commentary includes historical notices 
of the Imams named in the text, and exten- 
sive controversial discussions. 

It is stated in the colophon that the MS. 
was transcribed from a copy of a transcript 
of the author's autograph MS. On the same 
page and the next are two licences, jM- 
The first was granted to the writer, Huh. B. 
al-Murtada al-Husaini al-Mar'ashi, by Imam 



134 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



al-Mutawakkil al-Mutahhar B. Yahya (d. 
A.H. 697). The second, dated A.H. 706, 
was given by Shaikh 'Ali B. 'Atiyyah to 
Amir al-Muslimm Sulaiman B. al-Kasim, a 
grandson of the author. 

IIT. Foil. 151156. The latter part of 
al-'Akidat al-Nabawiyyah, mentioned under 
art. i. 

Here the author quotes, at some length, a 
polemical work against the Mutarrafi sect, 

entitled L^k^l ^U*. ^ J^LiM ^ai^l LJ*(^\ 

J^4 , by his predecessor, Imam al-Muta- 
wakkil Ahmad B. Sulaiman (d. A.H. 566). 

IV. 157 190. A theological tract, written 
by the same Imam in answer to the questions 
of Faklh Muh. B. As'ad al-Wakidi al-Sulaihi, 
with this title : jf- 






Beg. . . . 



This tract is mentioned in Hada'ik, fol. 
192a, as * 



V. Foil. 194206. A detached fragment 
of the commentary mentioned under art. ii. 
The place of this fragment, in which some 
lacunae have been supplied by inserted leaves, 
cannot be positively ascertained ; it belongs, 
apparently, to the early part of the work. 

VI. Another work treating of the pre- 
rogatives of 'Ali and his descendants, written, 
by an early hand, lengthways, on the outer 
margins, through the whole volume. It has 
neither beginning nor end, and the author 
has not been ascertained. It is divided into 
a number of chapters, Ja. ; , in one of which, 



the 22nd, one hundred and twenty miracles 
of 'Ali are enumerated ; see fol. 1716. 



212. 

Or. 3959. Foil. 198 ; 8 in. by 5f ; 20 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi ; 
dated Thursday, 23 Jumada I., A.H. 1062 
(A.D. 1652). [GLASER, no. 253]. 

Theological writings of Sayyid Nur al-Dln 
Abu 'Abdallah Hamidan (i.e. Hamld al-Din) 
B. al-Kasim B. Yahya B. Hamidan al-Kasimi 

al-Hasani al-Hashimi, with this title : 



The Imam Al-Kasim B. 'Ali, the author's 
ancestor in the eighth generation, died A.H. 
393. Hamid al-Din B. Yahya B. Hamld al- 
Din (for thus the author's name is found 
written in other places) appears to have 
lived in the seventh century A.H. He does 
not quote any later Imam than 'Abdallah B. 
Hamzah, who died A.H. 613. 

I. Fol. 1. Kitab al-Tasrih, ^a^ <-*, a 

work in defence of the doctrine of the 
Imams against the philosophizing sect of the 
Mu'tazilah. 



Beg. 



It is divided into five sections, termed 
, with the following headings : 

Fol. 26. i^b^ c-jUi^i* y* iL9-j^J j> I. 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



135 



Fol. 96. 'U*y\ JJL- j 
Fol. 45a. 



II. 
III. 



Fol. 52a. wUJ/bj 31i Ola*, 

Foi. 596. 



J IV. 

v. 



II. Fol. 71a. A treatise showing the 
virtual agreement of the teachings of the 
Imams, and reconciling their apparent dis- 
crepancies, divided into six Fusul, with this 

title : iS 



Beg. *b^)\ i^c (J 6 J_jft*Njli ^ J>>- Jjo Ul 



IIF. Fol. 83a. On the errors of theologians 
of the philosophical school, in five Fusul : 



Beg. _j 



IV. Fol. 118a. First selection from the 
teachings of the Imams on the Imamat : 



Beg. 



V. Fol. 133. Second selection from the 
teachings of the Imams on substances and 

attributes: 






Beg. 

VI. Fol. 1416. Extracts from the works 
of al-Mansur 'Abdallah B. Hamzah (d. A.H. 



613) against the Mu'tazilah, in four Fusul: 



j)lb 

with an appendix entitled ^ i-ljJ\ 
aSj\il J^y^)\ ^l**, fol. 1576, containing some 
explanations by the compiler. 

Beg. ^) 



VII. Fol. 161a. The seventh Fasl of the 
work entitled Ta'rlf al-Tarlk, against the 

Mutarrafi sect : 



VIII. Fol. 1736. A tract upon some ob- 
scure points in the traditions relating to the 
Mahdi : 



IX. Fol. 183a. Four theological questions 
ascribed by Hamldan to Imam al-Mahdi al- 
Husain B. al-Kasim (died A.H. 404), and 

directed against the Sifatiyyah sect: 



X. Foil. 18 7 a 197a. Metrical composi- 
tions of Sayyid Hamid al-Din on theological 

subjects : \^i/ JiiJ U* cJjj J* JJ\ 

U 



The last and longest is an Urjuzah, foil. 
1906 197a, entitled b!l)i ^14 *JUM ^^aJS\ 

W^li ,.f 



It is directed against the Mu'tazilah, and 
begins : 



It is stated at the beginning that Imam al- 



136 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



Mutawakkil 'ala'llah al-Mutahhar B. Yahya 
used to call that poem JjIU aLoP^) "&jijA\ 

At the end is a copy of a letter of Imam 
al-Mahdi Ahmad B. al-Husain (died A.H. 
656), referring with praise to a work of 
Sayyid Hamidan. 

Most of the above contents are found also 
in a miscellaneous volume, Or. 3851. 



213. 

Or. 3727. Foil. 171; 11 in. by 7f ; about 
31 lines, 5^ in. long ; written in Neskhi by 
several hands ; dated A.H. 1 046 1107 (A.D. 
16361696). [GLASER, no. 11.] 

The main portion of the volume, foil. 47 
135, contains the theological writings of the 
same Hamid al-Dm Yahya B. Hamld al-Dm, 



with this title : . . . 



\$\ 



J\ ^. r ^ ~Ji}\ ^ j^iioi?-. They agree with 

the contents of the preceding copy, but are 
differently arranged, as follows : 

I. Fol. 476. A treatise against the Mu'ta- 
zilah, the same as no. 212, art. vi. 

II. Fol. 54a. Tanblh al-Ghafilln, the same 
as no. 212, art. iii. 



III. Fol. 67. 
no. 212, art. ii. 



Tanblh UK 'l-Albab 



IV. Fol. 72a. Al-Muntaza' al-Awwal= 
no. 212, art. iv. 



V. Fol. 78. 
no. 212, art. v. 



Al-Muntaza' al-Thani= 



VI. Fol. 82a. Some pieces of verse= 
no. 212, art. x., foil. 1876 190a. They 
are designated at the end as an appendix to 
al-Muntaza' al-Thani, art. v. . 



VII. Fol. 83&. Al-Risalat al-Nazimah, 
etc., namely, the Urjuzah mentioned under 
no. 212, art. x., foil. 190197. 

VIII. Fol. 87b. Al-Masa'il al-Bahithah, 
etc., v. no. 212, art. vi., fol. 157. 

IX. Fol. 89a. Fasl 7 of Ta'rif al-Tarik= 
no. 212, art. vi. 

X. Fol. 96a. Bayan al-Ishkal=^no. 212, 
art. viii. 

XI. Fol. 995. Kitab al-Tasrih=no. 212, 

art. i. 

XII. Foil. 134a=1356. Arba c Masa'il= 
no. 212, art. ix. 

Besides the above treatise the MS. con- 
tains : 

XIII. Foil. 141. A}\ 

*. A polemical treatise on 



the claims of 'Ali, by Sayyid Muhammad B. 
'Abdallah B. al-Husain al-Mihrabi. 



Beg. 



U\ . . . 



\J 



The work was written in answer to some 
verses by a Shafi'i writer, who pretended that 
'Ali had submitted to the preceding Caliphs. 
It takes the shape of a commentary upon a 
poem in support of 'Ali's claims, entitled lsi 



The verses of the Shafi'i begin : 



The versified answer begins : 



XIV. Foil. 43^ 46a. Eighteen questions 
put by Shams al-Dm Ahmad B. Sulaiman 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



137 



al-Auzari to Imam al-Muayyad billah Yahya 
B. Hamzah (d. A.H. 749) on points of theo- 
logy, with the answers. 

Beg. ^ 



XV. Foil. 137a 1626. A collection of 
Hadiths relating to those texts of the Goran 
which, according to Shl'ah tradition, support 
the claims of the descendants of the Prophet. 

It is imperfect at the beginning. The first 
words are: gjJu.,). J 



U J\S 



The author's name does not appear, but 
in the following Isnad his father is called 
al-Hakim Abu Muh. 'Abdallah B. Ahmad : 



The work follows the order of the Surahs, 
from the Fatihah to Siirat al-Kauthar. 

The following doubtful title is written at 
the top of the first page : 



XVI. Foil. 163 b 1666. Tathbital-Imamah, 
in confirmation of the claims of 'Ali, by al- 
Hadi ila '1-Hakk Yahya B. al-Husain B. al- 

Kasim (d. A.H. 298) : 

W? 



Beg. J*? 



XVII. Foil. 167 1716. Fragment of a 
collection of Shi 'ah traditions relating to the 
life of 'Ali. 



The principal sections are entitled : \ j* 
and ^W^ ^-^.^-- Most 



of the traditions are ascribed to Salman al- 
Farisi. 



214. 

Or. 3947. Foil. 330 ; 8J in. by 6 ; about 
15 lines, 3 in. long ; written in cursive, but 
distinct, Neskhi ; dated from 9 Rabi* I. to 
27 Jumada I., A.H. 1081 (A.D. 1670). 

[G-LASER, no. 241.] 

Theological and polemical writings of Imam 
al-Mansur-billah al-Kasim B. Muhammad 
(who died A.H. 1029; see his life, Or. 3329). 

They consist chiefly of answers to various 
questions put to him on matters of theology 
and law. 

I. Foil. 5 166. Answers to the questions 
of Fakih 'Abd al-Jabbar B. 'Ali B. Shimr, 

with the title : J* 



Beg. UfOjL U J! yj JUS 411) Ktty JAJ1 

(J ^}> 

y J 



The work was completed, as stated at the 
end, on Thursday, two nights before the end 
of Ramadan, A.H. 1005. 

II. Foil. 167 197. Answers to the ques- 
tions of Sayyid Jamal al-Dm Muhammad B. 

'Ashlsh al-Huthi : \$& JL ( J&\ O^j-Jl t J* 

T 



138 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



Beg. 



III. Foil. 198209. Answers to various 
questions, the author of which is not named. 



Beg. 
\ J\S t 



J\, 



,jj\ 

The first question relates to the double 
punishment threatened to the wives of the 
Prophet for grievous sin (Surah 33, v. 30). 

IV. Foil. 209S 241. Answers to some 
questions sent from San'a, and relating to 

divergences of doctrine : 



Beg. w 



They include a tract against modern Sufis, 
or Batinis, foil. 230240. 

V. Foil. 242 279. A guide to the right 
path, showing how to choose among conflict- 
ing authorities in matters of faith and law : 



It is divided into six Fusul, and begins : 



VI. Foil. 280328. A warning against 
revolt or disobedience : Jca)\ 

Beg 



It was written, as stated at the end, against 
Fakih Muh. B. Ali B. 'Umar al-Tihami, who 
had advised people to stay afc home, and pay 
tribute to the enemy. 

The MS. was written for Fakih Jamal al- 
Din Ali B. 'Abdallah al-Anisi, by *Ali B. 
Ahmad B. 'Ali al-Raziki al-Rughafi al-Sa'di. 

Some leaves written by a later hand contain 
the following poems : 

Fol. 306. A Marthiyah, by Sayyid Ahmad 
B. Salih Ibn Abi '1-Rijal (d. A.H. 1092), on 
the death of Sayyid Sarim al-Islam Ibrahim 
B. Muh. B. Ahmad B. 'Izz al-Dln. 

Fol. 329. A Kasldah, by Shaikh Ahmad 
B. 'Alawan. 

Fol. 330. An impromptu poem of al-Faraz- 
dak, in praise of Imam 'Ali B. al-Husain B. 
'Ali B. Abi Talib. 



215. 

Or. 3974. Foil. 60 ; 8J in. by 6 ; about 20 
lines, 4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; 
dated Saturday, 5 Jumada II., A.H. 1015 
(A.D. 1606). [GLASEE, no. 268.] 

I. Foil. 2 57. A treatise on Usul al-Din, 
or the bases of faith ; without title or author's 
name. 



Beg. 



It is described on the fly-leaf as t jryc ljj 
l, and is really the work entitled (^L^ 

j\a3 , by Imam al-Mansur-billah al- 
Kasim B. Muhammad. See Or. 3851, ii. 

II. Foil. 576 60. Answers of the same 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



139 



Imam to the theological questions of Fakih 
Badr al-Din Muhammad B. { AH al-Ma'ruf : 

JjL-0 



Beg. 



J\ 



\ 



U o&J 



The Imam's name appears in the colophon, 
in which he is spoken of as still living. 

The MS. was written for Sayyid Fakhr al- 
Din 'Abdallah B. Muh. B. Nasir 



216. 

Or. 3757. Foil. 118 ; 8| in. by 6} ; 19 and 
23 lines, 4 in. long; written in Neskhi; dated 
A.H. 11648 (A.D. 17514). 

[GLASEE, no. 41.] 



I. Foil. 112. J^LaJI yp i*aJH A trea- 
tise on the essential points of the creed, by 
Sayyid al-Hasan al-Jalal : 



Beg. 5U- 



j 



\3ai!\ 



The writer, Sayyid Sharaf al-Din al-Hasan 
B. Ahmad al-Jalal, author of Dau al-Nahar, 
died A.H. 1079. See Or. 3996. 

II. Foil. 17 116. A commentary by the 
same author upon his own treatise on Usul 

al-Fikh, entitled Jy\ jM^> ^ cE^yV * 



The following title is prefixed by the 
copyist : 



JW5 .1)1 ^ 



The treatise is directed against those who, 
according to the author, falsely profess to be 
followers of the Sunnah, but are in reality 
its greatest enemies. 

The text of the original treatise, written 
in red, is included in the commentary. 

The MS. was written for Jamal al-Islam 
'Ali B. Muh. B. Tarnish, by Husain B. 'Abd al- 
Kadir B. 'Ali, etc. 



217. 

Or. 3852. Foil. 62; 8 in. by 5; 21 lines, 
3| in. long ; written in fair, but imperfectly 
pointed, Neskhi ; apparently in the 17th 
century. [GLASEE, no. 140.] 

I. Fol. 5 35. A theological treatise in 
defence of the Zaidi doctrine, by Shams al- 
Islam Ahmad B. Salih B. Muh. B. 'Ali B. 
Muh. Ibn Abi '1-Rijal al-'Adawi, with this 

title : 



Beg. 5 



The author was Khatib of San'a, and died 
in al-Bustan, near Dauran, on the 29th of 
Rabi' I., A.H. 1100. See Bughyat al-Murid, 
Or. 3719, fol. 23. He is chiefly known by 
his historical work ^ ^, one of the 
sources of Khulasat al-Athar. See the last 
T 2 



140 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



work, vol. i., p. 220, (where A.H. 1092 is 
given as the date of his death), and Tib al- 
Samar, Or. 2427, fol. 198. In the list of his 
works given in Bughyat al-Murld, the above 
treatise is called aa^lM o,1jJ juo.^1 ^JuJS . 

A note on the first page states that 'Ali B. 
Salih B. Abi '1-Rijal (the author's brother, 
v. Tib al-Samar, fol. 200) heard the work 
read by the author in the house of Imam al- 
Mutawakkil in San'a, A.H. 1079. 

II. Foil. 36 59. A treatise by the same 
author on the evidences and authorities in 
support of the Imamat of 'Ah, with this title: 



Beg. 



J0 



CJIL- 



The work was also read before the author 
by his brother 'Ali B. Salih. This copy is 



imperfect at the end. The J\jU *$#\ is also 
mentioned in Bughyat al-Murid, among the 
author's works. 



Druzes. 

218. 

Or. 1435. Foil. 100 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 13 lines, 
4 in. long; written in fair, fully vocalized, 
Neskhi, with red, yellow, and green headings, 
apparently in the 16th century. 

The second volume of the sacred books of 
the Druzes. 

Beg. 



This volume contains twenty-six tracts, 
ending with v j*iiS\ v -ii . The contents agree 
with those of Add. 11,559, noticed in the 
Arabic Catalogue, pp. 521-2, and with those 
of the Paris MS. fully described by S. de Sacy, 
Expose de la religion des Druzes, vol. i., 
pp. 471 482. A former owner, M. Jules 
Ferrette, has written on the cover, " Livre 
sacr4 des Druzes conquis par les Chretiens 
pendant la guerre de 1860." 

For other copies of the same volume see 
Aumer, nos. 218 220 ; Pertsch, nos. 855-6 ; 
the Leyden Catalogue, no. 1978 ; Assemani, 
Collectio Nova, nos. 379, 721 ; the Paris 
Catalogue, nos. 1415-18 ; and Rosen, Notices 
Sommaires, no. 97. 



Nusairis. 

219. 

Or. 3113. Foil. 195 ; 4J in. by 3 ; from 7 
to 8 lines, 2J in. long ; written in cursive 
Neskhi; dated Sha'ban, A.H. 1283 (A.D. 1866). 

[KEEMER, no. 123.] 

Prayer-book of the Nusairis. 



j 



Two leaves prefixed to the above title con- 
tain a prayer, beginning: pku&\ ^\ A\JSLM~>\ 
*x-Jl S->^^ an( i including a declaration that 
there is no God but 'Ali, no veil but Muham- 
mad, and no gate but the Lord Salman : 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



141 



The work begins with the Ayat al-Kursi 
and other verses from the Goran, followed 
by a number of prayers addressed to 'Ali as 
the Deity, in such terms as, b ^ b <J$y b 
b ^ b ^b b ^ b Jj\ b ^ 
, and ending mostly with these words, 



b Ulff- b J' j*A b . These invocations 
are in the name of holy personages of every 
age and country. The names of the Prophets, 
the twelve Imams, and other Shl'ah saints, 
one would naturally expect ; but it is rather 
strange to find in one place, fol. 23, those of 
the ancient kings of Persia, Jem, Kubad, 
Firuz, Anushlrwan, Kaika'us, and in another, 
fol. 25, those of Evangelists and Christian 
saints, John Chrysostom, t-^JJl *i U-y., Paul, 

), and Matthew, 



The prayers are followed by rituals relating 
to various sacred functions, such as the rite 
called Kuddas, (_)>>lAJO), performed with a cup, 
fol. 71, the initiation of neophytes by the 
Naklb, fol. 89, the vows, ,i\&J\, fol. 101, the 
water-kuddas, ?\\\ t_>JA>', fol. 106, the incense- 
kuddas, j^. ^>^', fol. 109, the wine-kuddas, 
^_^D\ ^jS, fol. 114, the oath of allegiance, 
tojUll, fol. 117, etc. . 

Several of the above prayers and offices 
will be found in the work entitled j_/Ul 
i^wajJ! BbjJl J\j*\ t_fl^ ^J LoUiLJ\, written 
by a Nusairi converted to Christianity, 
Sulaiman al-Adani ; printed in Beirut, 1864, 
and translated by Edw. E. Salisbury in the 
Journal of the American Oriental Society, 
vol. viii., no. 2. 

The prayer-book proper occupies foil. 1 
128 and 173 186. It ends with prayers 
for various occasions. 



Foil. 130 152 contain hymns called i_**>-y , 
by the following Nusairi poets : Hasan al- 



Ajrud, Salman Bisln, 'Ali al-Na'im, Muh. B. 
Mahmud B. Ghadanfal, Kasim, 'Ali B. Sarim, 

and Ahmad al-Daraniyah, *-i,Wl r\. At 
the end is the story of Habib al-Najjar, j*>* 



Foil. 153 186 contain some cabalistic 
extracts, and some more poetical pieces, by 
Ibn Sha'ban, Shaikh Khalil, and Salman 
Bisin. 

Foil. 187 194 contain questions put to 
Abu Sa'id Maimun B. al-Kasim al-Tabarani 
(died c: A.H. 400 ; v. Ahlwardt, Berlin Cata- 
logue, no. 4292) by Abu '1-Husain Muh. B. 

'Ali al- Jali : la)l ** **-' ^ ^ _ 

JLJ 



The first of these relates to the' seven 
gates of Hell, which are said to mean degrees 
of transmigration. 



Copyist: J* ^ ~a>\j>\ 



c 1 . t 



The origin of the MS. is thus stated by 
von Kremer : " Erbeutet von den Tiirkischen 
Truppen bei Erstiirmung des Gebel enna- 
wasirah, ^o1_yJ!Jj., im Sommer 1870. Dieser 
Grebirgsdistrict liegt bei acht Stunden von 
Tripolis und ist das Centrum des Districtes 
der Nosairier, die bis in die neueste Zeit ihre 
Unabhangigkeit zu wahren wussten." 

On the Nusairi sect, see Shahrastani, 
Haarbriicker's translation, vol. i., p. 216 ; 
S. de Sacy, Religion des Druzes, vol. ii., 
pp. 559 586 ; Catafago, Journal Asiatique, 
4" Se'riejtom. xi., p. 149 ; 7 e Serie, torn, viii., 
p. 523 ; and Huart, ib., 7" Serie, torn, xiv., 
p. 191. A Nusairi catechism is described 
by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 2086. 



142 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



Wahhabis. 

220. 

Or. 4529. Foil. 244 ; 7f in. by 5 ; from 
13 to 17 lines, 4 in. long ; written in Neskhi 
in the 19th century. 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

The following works by Shaikh Muhammad 
B. 'Abd al-Wahhab, the founder of the 
Wahhabi sect, who was born A.H. 1115, and 
died A.H. 1206 (see the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 436a, 784) : 

I. Foil. 26131. Life of Muhammad, 
abridged from the Sirat al-Rasul by Ibn 

Hisham : 



Beg. 



Jy 



The work concludes with the history of 
the Khalifs, which is brought down to the 
time of al-Ma'mun. 

The beginning and the end, viz., foil. 2 11 
and 117 131, have been supplied by a some- 
what later and cursive hand, A.H. 1277 
(A.D. 1860). 

II. Foil. 132196. The Kitab al-Tauhld, 
an exposition of the Wahhabi doctrine : \j* 



v 



JUS 



Beg. 

j 



The same work is found in Add. 23,346, 
foil. 281332, described in the Arabic 



Catalogue, p. 577 ; but the present copy has 
in addition, at the end, nineteen short ques- 
tions, JJL-, relating to the 'Arsh and Kursi 
mentioned in the last quoted Hadiths. 

A short abstract of the Kitab al-Tauhid 
will be found in the account of the Wahhabi 
doctrine drawn up by 'Abdallah, the apostle's 
son, and translated by O'Kinealy, Journal 
of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1874, 
part i., pp. 68 72. 

III. Foil. 196223. Kitab al-Kaba'ir, a 
treatise on the major sins, or those which 
involve perdition. 



Beg. J\^ 



i3 U 



It is divided into short unnumbered Babs, 
each of which begins with a verse of the 
Goran, or a Hadith. 

IV. Foil. 224230. Exposition of the 
confession of faith, U) ^11 &)\ 5) 



Beg. *-Juft> oU 



The same tract is found in Add. 23,346, 
foil. 373 383; where it is designated as 
jl^^)\ j*-*>- The present copy has 
doxology, wanting in the latter MS. ; but it 
wants the concluding lines of the treatise. 



a 



V. Foil. 231 236. Comments of the same 
author upon six passages of the Sirah, or 

Life of Muhammad : 'ij>~>\ 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



143 



Beg. CX-j J*\3 .... 



u 



The first passage relates to the beginning 
of inspiration, ( _^- J 3\ Jjji LoS, namely, \#\ b 
(Goran, chap. 74). 



On the last page is the beginning of Ibn 
'Abd al-Wahhab's comment upon a passage 
of Surat Hud, bo^ t^a. jj^ ^ u (chap. 11, 
v. 18). 

VI. Foil. 237-38. A tradition relating to 
the eight points of doctrine which Shaklk al- 
Balkhi had learnt from his master, Hatim 
al-Asamm. 



VII. Foil. 239241. Fragment of a trea- 
tise on the knowledge and the qualities 
which a true believer should possess. 



The first paragraph begins: ( JUJ\ 



** 



VIII. Foil. 242244. An account of the 
end of the holy Imam, Sa'id B. Jubair, who 
was put to death by al-Hajjaj, A.H. 95 (Ibn 
Khallikan, vol. i., p. 564). 



Beg. 



On the first page of the MS. are notices of 
events in Wahhabi history, beginning with 
the death of 'Abdallah B. Su'ud, A.H. 1232, 
and ending with A.H. 1286. 



Babis. 

221. 

Or. 3539. Foil. 173 ; 8} in. by 5 J ; 19 lines, 
2| in. long ; written in small and neat 
Nestalik, with red and blue-lined margins, 
in the 19th century. [S. CHURCHILL.] 

A sacred book of the Babis, without title 
or author's name. 



Beg. iiJjA >T u 



The best source of information on the 
history of the Babis, and their literature, is 
to be found in the masterly and exhaustive 
accounts published by Mr. Edward Granville 
Browne, in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic 
Society, New Series, vol. 21, pp. 485 526, 
and 881 1009, and in the volume subse- 
quently published by him under the title of 
"A Traveller's Narrative," 1891. In our 
notice of the present, and the four following 
MSS., we cannot do better than to refer the 
reader to those highly interesting works. 

The present book is known as Tafslr Surat 
Yusuf, * i-*^. ijy jj.~tt5, or Ahsan al-Kisas, 
U3*a!\ t . r ~-!, and its author is the founder 
of the Babi sect, Mirza 'Ali Muhammad 
Shirazi, better known as Bab, or Nuktah, 
who was born in Shiraz A.H. 1236, and 
suffered martyrdom in Tebriz on the 27th of 
Sha'ban, A.H. 1266 (July, 1850). See 
Browne, Journal, pp. 512 and 993. The 
Tafsir Surat Yusuf, is so called from the 
verses of the Coranic Surah of that name, 
which occur at the beginning of most 
chapters, although the text which follows 
has no obvious connexion with them. It 



144 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



is the second extant work of the Bab, and 
the first in which he put forth his preten- 
sions to divine inspiration. It was composed 
shortly after the declaration of his divine 
mission, which took place A.H. 1260. (See 
" A Traveller's Narrative," p. 221.) 

The first detailed account of the work was 
given by Baron Victor von Rosen, Manuscrits 
arabe de I'lnstitut, pp. 179 191, with copious 
extracts, which agree verbatim with the 
text of our MS. The character of the work 
is described by Browne, I.e., pp. 904 909 ; 
compare " A Traveller's Narrative," p. 338. 

The present copy is divided, like the S. 
Petersburg MS., into 111 sections, not num- 
bered. In addition to the latter, it has titles 
in red ink at the beginning of most sections. 
The first has been given above. The second 
is : 



The remaining headings differ from the above 
only by the name of the Surah. The eight 
sections which next follow are called : 



On fol. 7 la is found the passage y* w ^ 
y* LJU$ W <-j^i-f j (.Ui^, quoted by 

Rosen, I.e., p. 185, from which he inferred 
rather hastily that Bab allowed eight wives 
to his followers. It is taken, with some 
alteration, from the Goran, chapter vi., 
vv. 143-44, and relates to pairs of cattle. 
The tendency of the Babis is, according to 
Browne, p. 499, rather to monogamy. 

In the body of the volume some leaves 
have been transposed. They must be taken 
in the following order : foil. 105, 110, 111, 
108, 109, 106, 107, 112. 

Baron von Rosen possesses a fine copy of 
the same work, transcribed from a MS. in 



the library of I'tidad al-Saltanah. 'See MSS. 
persans de I'lnstitut, p. 50. 

222. 

Or. 3116. Foil. 127 ; 8f in. by 7 ; 14 lines, 
4 in. long; written in a cursive and not 
easily legible Shikesteh, in the 19th century. 

[KEEMER, no. 126.] 

Another Babi book, without any title. 
Beg. e^. J sUJl yl W L-? J j^&\ <->USV 
yp L_>!1 gUaSJ^ $\ y'J^M [sic] jfc J^U, J! 
b 



It consists of Arabic passages, written 
mostly in Neskhi, with a red line drawn 
over them, and followed by extensive com- 
ments in Persian, written in Nestalik. It is 
the work known as Ikan, J&>\, one of great 
authority with the Babis, and containing the 
fullest exposition and defence of their doc- 
trines. The author is Baha, who superseded 
his brother Mirza Yahya Subh i Azal as 
chief of the sect. He proclaimed his divine 
mission in Adrianople, A.H. 1283, and is 
now regarded by the bulk of the Babis as 
the last " Manifestation," or embodiment of 
the Deity. His proper name is Mirza 
Husain 'Ali, son of Mirza 'Abbas, better 
known as Mirza Buzurg Niiri. He was 
born in Teheran, A.H. 1233, wrote the 
present work in Baghdad, A.H. 1278, and 
was subsequently confined by the Turkish 
government, first in Adrianople, and after- 
wards, A.H. 1285, in Acre, where he is 
still living. (See Browne, "A Traveller's 
Narrative," p. xxxix.) tt 

The work is fully described by Mr. Browne, 
who mentions other MSS. as well as an 



' News has since been received of his death in 
August, 1892. 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 



1 to 



Indian edition of the Ikan. See the Journal, 
I.e., pp. 944948, and p. 1003. Copious 
extracts have been given by Baron von Rosen 
in the Collections Scientifiques de 1'Institut, 
MSS. persans, pp. 32 50. Another MS. is 
mentioned by the same scholar in the Zapiski 
of the Archeological Society, torn, iv., p. 112. 

The Ikan ends, fol. 67a, with these words : 



Foil. 67 77 contain a Persian tract be- 
ginning with an Arabic text as follows: 



The rest of the MS., foil. 78-127, is 
taken up by a collection of letters written in 
Persian, apparently by the same Baha, to 
some of his followers. The first begins : 



*? 



Most of the letters begin with the formula, 
N (^^'^ JJ\ f~*>, the last word of which 
alludes to the writer's name, Baha. 

223. 

Or. 2820. Foil. 46 ; 6f in. by 4 ; 11 lines, 
2| in. long ; written in neat Shikesteh ; dated 
A.H. 1301 (A.D. 1884). [S. CHURCHILL.] 

Another Babi book, without title. 
Beg. w 



Jfcl 



ti\ 



,*X 



JiS jl 

Jio JU 



JJ ftj j'j 



J5UJ! 



This is the Kitab Akdas, (^>\ <~> ] 3-f, tho 
last work of the same Baha, and the summary 
of his teachings. Mr. Browne, who possesses 
three copies of the work, has given a full 
analysis of the contents, Journal, I.e., pp. 
972981 ; see also pp. 495 and 1007, and 
compare " A Traveller's Narrative," p. 211. 

The copy was written by Mirza Husain 
'Ali Tablb, and was purchased at Yezd for 
Mr. Sidney Churchill in 1884. 



The colophon is ; ciJb ^ 

Ir. I ftju L_^. il Iff. 



At the end of Kitab Akdas, fol. 43a, is a 
Persian tract written by the same Baha, in 
answer to questions put to him respecting 
the divine commands. It beins thus : 



*JJ\ 



~~j 



!.j J?- *Jy 



224. 

Or. 3115. Foil. 30 ; 7 in. by 4 ; 9 lines, 
2| in. long ; written in fair, fully vocalized 
Neskhi, in the 19th century. 

[K.REMER, no. 125.] 

Copy of a letter of Baha to the reigning 
Shah of Persia, Nasir ud-din. 



Beg. 



*J 01 U <JJO)Jj 



146 



The letter includes several extensive pas- 
sages in Persian, written in Shikesteh, in 
one of which, fol. 13, the writer speaks of 



SECTARIAN WORKS. 

A collection of tracts and letters by Baha. 
Beg. 



Adrianople as the place from which he was 
writing, 



It is stated in " A Traveller's Narrative," 
p. 102, to have been written by Baha, in 
his latter days passed in Adrianople, namely, 
in July or August, A.D. 1868 (A.H. 1285). 

It is now included in a collection called 
Surah i Haikal, J$4*> *jy*> or Alwah i Salatm, 
u^^L* _\jN, comprising Bahii's letters to 
various sovereigns. For a detailed account 
of the letter to the Shah see Browne, Journal, 
I.e., pp. 954960 and p. 1004. The letter 
is reproduced almost entirely in the " Travel- 
ler's Narrative," pp. 133183 of the text, 
and pp. 106 151 of the translation. 

On the fly-leaf at the end is found the 
following notice, due, as we learn from 
Kremer's catalogue, to an Austrian officer, 
Oberlieutenant Schemua, who brought the 
MS. from Persia : " Der Ueberbringer dieses, 
em junger Mann Namens Aga Buzurg, 
wurde, nachdem er sich als Anhanger Bab's 
erhlarte und seinen Glauben nicht ab- 
schwbren wollte, in Teheran vor beilaufig 
12 Jahren hingerichtet." 

In the account of the same event given by 
Mr. Browne in " A Traveller's Narrative," 
p. 102, and in the Journal, pp. 520 and 
956-57, the young martyr is called Mirza 
Badl', and A.D. 1869 is given as the probable 
date of his death. 

225. 

Or. 3114. Foil. 96; 5 in. by 3 ; 11 lines, 
2 in. long ; written in an elegant minute 
Nestalik, in the 19th century. 

[KREMER, no. 124.] 



*5H 



The first tract appears to have been 
written in answer to a correspondent, not 
named, who had complained of Baha's enig- 

matical utterances, ^ _j3 



It deals chiefly in complaints of the harm 
done to the cause by false brethren. 

The second piece begins, fol. 5, with 
prescriptions regarding fasting and prayer : 

cyU!i ,.b\ 



The contents are, for the most part, 
letters of exhortation and encouragement 
written by Baha to some of his followers in 
various parts of Persia. The names of the 
persons thus addressed are frequently written 
in a minute character at the head of the 
letters, and, in some instances, their place of 
residence is indicated by initial letters, as J, 
probably for Kazwm, k for Teheran, i__i&\ ^J\ 
for Kirman, or written in full, as Damaghan, 
fol. 24&. The first names that occur are 
those of Mulla Muhammad Shafi', Amat- 
allah Khani, Mirza Karim Khan, Muhammad 
'AH Khan, Tahmas Kuli Khan, Hasan Khan 
Beg, Mahdi Kuli Khan, Mirza 'Ali Naki, etc. 
In some of these letters the writer's name 
appears at the beginning, as for instance, 
foil. 14, 29, etc., \$A\ ^ L_Atf \*t>, or ^J u 
\t\. Three of them, foil. 31, 69 and 88, 
are addressed to Muhammad 'Ali Nabll, 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



117 



author of the versified chronology of Baha's 
life published by Mr. Browne, Journal, I.e., 
pp. 983990. The last letter has this 
heading : aJJ) 



Similar collections of Baha's letters are 
mentioned, p. 948-49, by Mr. Browne, who 
in another place, p. 496, describes how that 
correspondence was carried on by means of 
secret couriers. 

Baron v. Kremer has written inside the 
cover : " Koran der Babys in Akka gekauft 
durch Jusuf Chalidy von dem dort in Ver- 
banmmg lebenden geistlichen Oberhaupte 
der Babys." 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 

226. 

Or. 3958. Foil. 46 ; 9J in. by 5 ; 19 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in elegant Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins, apparently in the 16th 
century. [(TLASER, no. 252.] 



A collection of thoughts and precepts 
relating to the rules and duties of religious 
life, ascribed to Imam al-Sadik, i.e. the sixth 
Imam, Ja'far B. Muhammad al-Sadik, who 
died A.H. 148. 

The MS. begins with the last lines of a 
preface by the unknown compiler : 



w jj 

The work is divided into a great number 
of short Babs, each beginning with JJloJ\ J\S 
The headings of the first five are : 
fol. 1 ; w Ujn ^b , fol. Ib 



fol. 26 ; u\e}\ ^\J, fol. 3 
fol. 86. The last heading, after which the 
MS. breaks off, is A\ J ijil ^b. 

A fragment noticed by Loth, no. 694, iv., 
evidently belongs to the same work. 

227. 

Or. 3502. Foil. 167 ; 9 in. by 5| ; 22 or 23 
lines, 4 in. long ; written in large and clear 
Neskhi, with occasional vowels, and with 
gold-ruled margins ; dated Thursday, 15 
Rabi' I., A.H. 728 (A.D. 1328). 

[S. CHURCHILL.] 



The Eisalah, a celebrated text-book of 
Sufism, by Abu '1-Kasim 'Abd al-Karim B. 
Hawazin al-Kushairi, who was born A.H. 
376, and died in Nishapur A.H. 465 ; with 
the following title : 



Beg. 



The work is divided into fifty-four Babs, 
not numbered (see Haj. Khal., vol. iii., 
p. 428). It was completed, as stated at the 
end, at the beginning of A.H. 438. For the 
author's life see Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's 
translation, vol. ii., p. 152 ; Ta'rikh al-Islam, 
Or. 50, fol. 100 ; Nafahat al-Uns, p. 354 ; 
and al-Isnawi, fol. 132. 

The Eisalah has been printed in Bulak, 
A.H. 1284, and again, with extracts from 
the commentary of Zakariyya B. Muh. al- 
Ansari, in the same place, A.H. 1287. For 
MSS. see Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 



148 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



2822, etc., where the headings are given in 
full ; Aumer, Munich Catalogue, no. 136 ; 
De Slane, Paris Catalogue, no. 1330 ; and 
the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., p. 83. 

Copyist: 



On the fly-leaf is a prayer for the recovery 
'of Ghulam Husain Khan, dated Shiraz, 
A.H. 1278. 

An early Persian translation of the Ei- 
salah, beginning with the original Arabic 
doxology, is preserved in Or. 4118, which is 
dated Baghdad, A.H. 601 (A.D. 1205). 



228. 

Or. 3122. Foil. 10 ; 7 in. by 5 ; 21 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in Neskhi, apparently 
in the 18th century. [KREMEE, no. 132.] 

A moral treatise on the vices of the soul 
and their cure, by Abu 'Abd al-Eahman 
Muhammad B. al-Husain B. Musa al-Sulami 
al-Naisaburi, with the title : ^Jy? (j < 



Beg. 



The author, who was called the chief of 
the Sufis of Khorasan, was born A.H. 330, 
or, according to others, A.H. 325, and died 
A.H. 412. He wrote the Tabakat al-Sufiy- 
yah, and altogether, it is said, more than 
a hundred works. See Ta'rikh Baghdad, 
Add. 23,320, fol. 4; al-Sam'ani, fol. 303; 
Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 49, fol. 79 ; the Kamil, 
vol. ix., p. 230; and Tabakat al-Huffaz, 
xiii. 33. 



The title of the present work, ( _ r s&\ 
(v. Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 285), is taken 
from this passage of the preface : 



A copy is described by Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 3131. 

A metrical version is noticed in the Arabic 
Catalogue, pp. 2976, 7766. 



229. 

Or. 3192. Foil. 99 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 25 lines, 
3| in. long ; written in neat Neskhi with the 
vowels, and with red-ruled margins ; dated 
Friday, 27 Safar, A.H. 1032 (A.D. 1622). 

[KREMEB, no. 201.] 



A guide to devout life, by Abu Hamid 
Muhammad B. Muh. al-Ghazzali, who died 
A.H. 505. 



Beg. jjj 



To the above beginning is prefixed the 
same Isnad which has been given in the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 105a, vi. For other 
copies see Uri, nos. 105, 112, 155; the 
Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., p. 315 ; the Paris 
Catalogue, no. 1292 ; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. ii., p. 138; vol. vii., p. 116; and 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 3265-66, where 
the contents are stated. 



Copyist : 



A table of contents is prefixed. 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



149 



230. 

Or. 3195. Foil. 132 ; 9$ in. by 6f ; 17 lines, 
4 in. long; written in large bold Neskhi, 
with vowels ; dated Sunday, 24 Muharram, 
A.H. 748 (A.D. 1347). 

[KREMEB, no. 204). 



Homilies, or pious discourses in prose and 
verse, by Ahmad B. 'AH B. Yusuf al-Kurashi 
al-Buni. 



Beg. 



4)1 



jLi-^ 



This is, as stated in the first rubric : 
-jl^y ^ ^U5\ j^U, the second volume 
of a work, only designated as Kitab al-Buni. 
The author, who died A.H. 622, is chiefly 
known as a cabalistic writer. The principal 
of his numerous works is the Shams al- 
Ma'arif (Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 74 ; Leyden 
Catalogue, vol. iii., p. 171 ; Pertsch, no. 
1262, etc.). The present work cannot be 
identified with any ascribed to him by Haj. 
Khal., nor with the Sufi works described by 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, nos. 2843, 3301. 
It consists of edifying discourses intermixed 
with verses, and illustrated with sayings and 
anecdotes of the saints. 

The present volume, which concludes the 
work, comprises twenty- six chapters (J-aJ), 
numbered 26 51, each of which begins 
with a separate doxology, and ends with 
a prayer. 

The copy was written for Kadi Karlm al- 
Din 'Abd al-Karim by Muh. B. Isma'il B. 
Ibrahim, Khatib of the Jami' of Katya, a 
village on the confines of Syria and Egypt. 



231. 

Or. 1610. Foil. 493; 12fin.by8J; 49 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in neat and extremely 
minute and close Neskhi, with a tasteful 
'Unwan, gold-ruled margins and gilt head- 
ings ; dated Zabid, 11 RabI' I., A.H. 1003 
(A.D. 1692). Bound in highly ornamented, 
stamped and gilt covers. 



The great Sufi work of Muhyi al-Din 
Muhammad B. 'Ali al-Ta'i al-Hatimi, called 
Ibn at-'Arabi, who died in Damascus A.H. 
638. See Nafahat al-Uns, Calcutta edition. 
pp. 633645; Abu Shamah, Or. 1539, 
fol. 73 ; Tabakat al-Munawi, foil. 264272 ; 
and Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 2848. 
On the first page is the following title in 
gold letters, within illuminated borders : 



Beg. 

The whole of that extensive work is con- 
tained in the present volume. A table of 
the 560 Biibs into which it is divided occupies 
eight closely written pages in the preface, 
foil. 3a6b. 

The following verses in praise of the work 
are written in gold letters on the cover : 



150 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



For other copies see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 728a ; and the catalogues of Berlin, nos. 
28562872 ; Vienna, vol. iii. p. 361 ; the 
Bodleian, vol. i., nos. 84-5, vol. ii., p. 72 ; 
Loth, nos. 62844; Paris, nos. 133336; 
the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., p. 99; and 
Pertsch, no. 884. 

The contents of the Futuhat have been 
fully stated by Fleischer, Leipzig Catalogue, 
no. 229, and by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 2856. The work has been printed in 
four volumes in Bulak, A.H. 1274, and 1293. 

232. 

Or. 3931. Foil. 35; 8 in. by 5| ; 18 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins, apparently in the 17th 
century. [GLASEE, no. 225.] 

I. Foil. 1 7. Instructions and precepts 
on religious life, by San al-Dm Ahmad B. 
'Alawan, with the following title : 



Beg. ^ Uilj 



fott juU cJ^Sj 



The author's father, a native of Khaw, a 
town of al-Mikhlaf, was Katib al-Insha to al- 
Malik al-Mas'ud Yusuf B. al-Malik al-Kamil 
(the seventh and last of the Ayyubides of 
Yemen). The son, whose Kunyah is Abu '1- 
Hasan, was born in Du '1-Jinan, became a 
great Sufi, and died in Tafrus, Yemen 
(Yakut, v., p. 16), A.H. 665. See Tiraz 
A'yan al-Zaman, Or. 2425, fol. 172, and al- 
Munawi, fol. 236J. 

The treatise consists of unnumbered sec- 
tions, J-oJ, the second of which begins, 



fol. 



beginning ^U) JLJj 



; the third, fol. 76, 
& ^ b J^AJ 
Ulwg ^ ^1, breaks off 



~1\ J\ 
on the same page. 

II. Foil. 822. 



A treatise on the fate of souls after death, 
imperfect at the beginning. 

The author, whose name does not appear, 
is Jalal al-Din 'Abd al-Rahman al-Suyuti, 
who extracted it from his more extensive 
work, entitled Jj ; J J 1\ JU. -jL> j 3 *A\ _^ 
.^HJ). For other copies see the Leyden 
Catalogue, no. 1755; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. vii., pp. 54, 233 ; and the Berlin Cata- 
logue, no. 2669, where the headings of the 
chapters are given. 

The present copy begins with the last 
page of the first chapter, followed by the 
heading of the second : u ^ JlaJLM c^U ( 



III. Foil. 2435. The latter part of the 
Kharidat al-'Aja'ib, by Ibn al-Wardi, treat- 
ing of the resurrection and the day of 
judgment. 

It begins in the middle of the paragraph 
relating to the future inroad of Yajuj and 
Majuj (Cairo edition of A.H. 1302, p. 146, 
penultimate line), and concludes with the 
Kasidah entitled c^J^yi j jjU^MjjJ 
S (pp. 153 157 of the same edition). 



The author of the Kasidah is not named. 
It is Ibrahim B. Yahya B. Ghannam al- 
Harrani, who died A.H. 693. See Ahlwardt, 
Verzeichniss, no. 533, and Haj. KhaL, vol. ii., 
p. 312. 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



151 



On the last page of the MS. are entries 
relating to the birth of the owner's children, 
with the dates A.H. 1103 and 1104. 

233. 

Or. 4033. Foil. 217 ; 7J in. by 5 ; 15 lines, 
3 in. long; written in a small and neat 
Persian Nestalik, apparently in the 16th 
century. [(JLASER, no. 335.] 

A Persian commentary upon the Fusus al- 
Hikam of Muhyi al-Din Muhammad B. 'Ali 
Ibn al-'Arabi, who died A.H. 638. 

Beg. J$\ / 



*^ " C^. 



The commentator, whose name does not 
appear, is the great Sufi Amir Kabir 'Ali B. 
Shihab al-Din al-Husaini al-Hamadani, who 
died A.H. 786 (v. Persian Catalogue, p. 447ft). 
The commentary is mentioned by Haj. Khal., 
vol. iv., p. 426, and another copy is noticed 
in the Arabic Catalogue, p. 406ft, under the 
title of 



Persian Neskhi ; dated the eve of Tuesday, 
25 Rajab, A.H. 756 (A.D. 1355). 

[KKEMEE, no. 106.] 

A work on the benefits accruing from 
obedience to the divine law, by 'Izz al-Din 
'Abd al-'Aziz Ibn 'Abd al-Salam, with the 
following title, in the same hand as the text : 



The author says in his preface, that the 
many commentaries previously written on 
the Fusus were so prolix and discursive as 
to scare students. He condensed, therefore, 
their essence in the present work, prefixing 
a Mukaddimah in explanation of the technical 
terms and phrases of Sufism. The commen- 
tary includes the text, which is distinguished 
by a red line drawn over it. For the original 
work see the Vienna Catalogue, no. 1898 ; 
Loth, no. 645 ; the Berlin Catalogue, no. 
2876; and the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 101. 

234. 

Or. 3096. Foil. 98 ; 10 in. by 7| ; 27 lines, 
5} in. long ; written in small and close 



tie- 



Beg. 



u ii jli. 



ail 



The author, who was born in Damascus 
A.H. 578, settled in Egypt, where he enjoyed 
great authority and discharged the offices of 
Kadi and Khatib. He died in Cairo on the 
tenth of Jumada I., A.H. 660. See the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 379, note ft ; al-Isnawi, 
fol. Ilia ; and Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, Add. 7356, 
fol. 73ft. 

In the present work, which is known as 
us^aM j*^\ (v. Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 577), 
to distinguish it from the author's larger 
work, i/^-M ij^yiM, he does not follow the 
usual divisions of law-books. His object is to 
show, by numerous examples, that obedience 
to the commands and prohibitions of the 
law is the sure means of securing happiness 
and averting evil, both in this life and in the 
next. The scope of the work is set forth in 
the fourth Fasl as follows: ^Ix? ,j 









152 



The work is divided into a large number 
of short unnumbered sections, J.-AJ, the first 
three of which have the following headings : 

Oj y^UM JLo* Tb 
JUU JjuaaJ 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 

jJo- \__ *\*^ t 



*j 



Very similar headings are found in a work 
of the same author, j-eliuJt J \*aZJ>-\ ^J 4$\jsd\, 
described in the Berlin Catalogue, no. 3013. 
See also the abridgment of <_?;J^ j*lyi5\ 
mentioned in the Leyden Catalogue, no. 1817. 

Copyist : J.A& ^ j^*!* ^ $\ jot ^j 



A similarly entitled work, 
mentioned as anonymous in the Leyden 
Catalogue, no. 1875, is by Jamal al-Dm 
Hasan B. Yusuf Ibn al-Mutahhar al-Hilli, 
who died A.H. 726. See Kisas al-'Ulama, 
p. 275, no. 48. 



235. 

Or. 4271. Foil. 226; 7 in. by 5; 15 lines, 
3^ in. long; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 14th century, with the excep- 
tion of some leaves at beginning and end, 
as well as in the body of the volume, which 
have been supplied A.H. 1281 (A.D. 1865). 

[BUDGE.] 



A treatise on the duties and observances 
of religious life, by 'Abd-al-'Aziz B. Ahmad 
B. Said al-Dahri. 

Beg. L 



The author's name appears as above in a 



modern title, ^ 



*\*$\ 



ou, borrowed from Kashf al-Zunun, 
Haj. Khal., iv., p. 172. In other MSS. his 
Nisbah is al-Dlrini ; and Casiri, no. 747, adds 
the Lakab Diya al-Din. See Pertsch, no. 
648, and the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 164. He was a saint of great repute, 
who took his name from DirTn, a small town 
in the Gharbiyyah province of Egypt. He 
died A.H. 694, or, according to others, 
A.H. 689 or 690. See al-Munawi, fol. 2496, 
where the present work is mentioned. 

The work is divided into thirty Fasls, the 
subjects of which appear in the following 
headings : 

1. W W.^ fol. 2a ; 2. >li:)\, fol. 7a ; 3./iN, 
fol. lla ; 4. j&\, fol. 15a ; 5. A\ ^ /*, 
fol. 12a ; 6. l^Uja-j i*Uai\, fol. 31a ; 7. ^f-^, 
fol. 48a ; 8. *^\ fol. 53a ; 9. <->^, fol. 60& ; 
10. 'U-A fol. 716 ; 11. ijdl, fol. 766 ; 12. ^jSi!\, 
fol. 906 ; 13. j.*t.\\, fol. 99a ; 14. ^.jSJI, 
fol. 106a; 15. w l^ /ij Ua-*, fol. 1136; 
IG.jjSrajj al^l, fol. 1216; 17. ^j ^\, 
fol. 130a; 18. ji-0^ ^^, fol. 140a ; 
19. t-^lSJ^, fol. 1476; 20.^, fol. 153a; 
21. jUJaxrtl, fol. 160a ; 22. UL~>^, fol. 1656; 
23. i>W\j iSljJl, fol. 173a; 24. J( iU, fol. 182a; 
25. SjPjJ\, fol. 1866; 26.^1, fol. 190fi; 
27. L* J \ fol. 1956 ; 28. r ^U^, fol. 2016 ; 
29. .x**! J^ 3 fol. 207a; 30. #\P^ fol. 214a. 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



153 



236. 



Or. 1189. Foil. 74; 8 in. by 5$ ; 19 lines, 
41 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Jumada I., A.H. 1060 (A.D. 1650). 

[ALEX. JABA.] 



Religious meditations and pious precepts 
for every day of the month. 




It will be seen from the above that the work 
is ascribed in this copy to Imam al-Dm 
Abu '1-Mafakhir Muhammad B. Mansur. 
But Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 516, calls the 
author Abu Sa'id al-Hasan B. 'Ali al-Wa'iz; 
the same name, with the addition of the 
Kunyah Abu Sa'd, is found in a Leyden MS., 
vol. iv., p. 325, while in a Munich MS., 
no. 155, the author is called al-Ustad Abu 



Sa'id al-Hasan B. 
al-Wa'iz. 



'Ali Ibn al-Muttawwi' 



It is noticed in the Leyden Catalogue, I.e., 
that the author mentions as his master, Abu 
'Ali Zahir B. Ahmad B. 'Abdallah. The 
same name appears in our copy at -the be- 
ginning of the following Isnad, fol. 26 : 



J\5 



J\3 

U J\ U P J^Js. #\ USj.* JIS &\ 

This Abu 'Ali Zahir B. Ahmad, from 
whom the author professes to have received 
traditions, is mentioned in Ta'rikh al-Islam, 



Or. 48, fol. 211, where he is called al- 
Sarakhsi, described as the leading traditionist 
of Khorasan, and stated to have died A.H. 
389. This would lead us to place the author 
in the 5th century of the Hijrah. But it 
must be remarked that the style of composi- 
tion would seem to point to a later period. 
The work must, however, have been written 
before A.H. 766, the date of the Munich 
copy. 

The author says in the preface, that the 
title of the work was suggested to him by a 
saying^of the Prophet, in which he called the 
assemblies of prayer,jijj! ,jJU?, the gardens 
of paradise, iuJ' u^.j- Further on he 
invokes blessings on every man who will 
disport himself every day of the month in 
one of his " Gardens." 

The work is divided, accordingly, into 
thirty Raudahs, each of which concludes with 
ten Nuktahs, or subtle thoughts. The fol- 
lowing are the headings of the first three : 

Fol. Bb. 
Fol. 5a,. 
Fol. 6b. 
The last is headed : 

Fol. 716. c jr04>La3\ 



237. 

Or. 4273. Foil. 165; 7fin.by4i; 17 lines, 
2^ in. long ; written in neat Neskhi with 
gold-ruled margins; dated Mecca, Monday, 
15 Ramadan, A.H. 1089 (A.D. 1678). 

[BUDGB.] 

I. Foil. 249. 



Exhortations to a religious life, by Taj al- 
Dm Abu 'l-'Abbas Ahinad B. 'Ata-allah al- 

Shadili. 



154 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



Beg. 



The author's full name is Taj al-Dm 
Abu'1-Fadl Ahmad B. Muhammad B. ( Abd 
al-Karim B. 'Ata-allah al-Iskandarani al- 
Shadili. He was a disciple of Abul-'Abbas 
al-Mursi, disciple of Abul-Hasan al-Shadili, 
and was one of the declared adversaries of 
Ibn Taimiyyah. He attained a great renown 
as a preacher, and died in Cairo A.H. 709 
(al-Durar al-Kaminah, fol. 515, and Lawakih 
al-Anwar, Add. 7348, fol. 30). He is the 
author of two well-known Sufi works, viz. al- 
Hikam and the Tanwir. See the Khedive's 
Library, vol. ii., p. 72, where the work is 
called (_j-yu5\ *^j o-jj*!! -A!>, and Haj. Khal., 
vol. ii., p. 92. 

II. Fol. 50 55. Religious precepts and 
maxims, by the same author. 



Beg. 



J\S 



J\ 



III. Foil. 55662. On the duties of the 
Murids, by Muhyi al-Dm Ibn al-'Arabi. 

Beg. 



SM 



IV. Foil. 62664. Last precepts of 
Shihab al-Dm 'Umar al-Suhrawardi to his 



son, 



Beg. 



^U Jl 



J\S 



See for other copies the Berlin Catalogue, 
nos. 3991-2. 

V. Foil. 6568. A formula ascribed to 
'Ali B. Abi Talib, to be recited after reading 

the Goran, i_Jlk ^>\ ^ ^ 



J\S 



VI. Foil. 686-75. Aphorisms of Shaikh 
Abu Madyan Shu'aib (died c. A.H. 590), 



Beg. 



VII. Foil. 755164. 

A treatise on litanies, ^&\, by Ibn 'Atii 
Allah (v. art. I.). 

Beg. 



l ^J ail 
JUS Wj& yli 

See Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 27 ; the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 342a, vi. ; and Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 3696. 

Copyist : o^ _\li 



238. 

Or. 2435. Foil. 189 ; 8^ in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins^; dated Thursday, 2 Rajab, 
A.H. 1223 (A.D. 1808). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

" Disease and Cure ; " a treatise on the 
spiritual remedies to be resorted to in case 
of trial and temptation, by Abu 'Abdallah 
Shams al-Dm Mull. B. Abi Bakr B. Ayyiib, 
Imam of the Madrasah al-Jauziyyah, al- 
Hanbali, with the title : ^'jjJIj s\^\ i_Aii 

The subject is introduced by the following 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



155 



question put to the 'Ulama, regarding a man 
whose trial, if continued, would ruin his 
welfare in this world and the next : J^aJ 



Jl l$xj,i ^ 



The answer begins as follows 



, 



erf 151 (^ *i 



ti-JJ*. 



1 U JIS 



The above title, which is not found in the 
text, is taken from this Hadith, mentioned 



at the beginning : 



The author, generally known as Ibn 
Kayyim al- Jauziyyah, was born in Damascus 
A.H. 691, and died there A.H. 751. He 
was a devoted disciple of the famous Ibn 
Taimiyyah, whose persecutions he shared 
and whose works he edited. The present 
work is not mentioned among his numerous 
writings enumerated in al-Durar al-Kaminah, 
Or. 3044, fol. 666. Haj. Khal. notices it 
under A 3 ^\j Ad\ <- r >\#', vol. v., p. 82, and 
under a fuller title, ^ JU 
\)\ t vol. ii., p. 633. 



The work is divided into sections, with the 
heading J*i, not numbered. 



239. 

Or. 4275. Foil. 39 ; 7J in. by 5 ; 13 lines, 
85 in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 14th century. [BUDGE.] 



A refutation of attacks against Sufis, con- 
tained in a work by 'Abd al-Kahim B. al- 
Husain al-'Iraki, entitled : 



U . . . 



U 



all 



The author of the impugned treatise is 
the celebrated traditionist, Zain al-Din 'Abd 
al-Rahlm B. al-Husain al-Mihrani al-'Iraki 
al-Kurdi, who was born A.H. 725, and died 
in Egypt A.H. 806. See his life by his disciple 
Ibn Hajar, al-Durar al-Kaminah, fol. 149. 
The JECussas, against whom he wrote, are 
those who in their religious teaching intro- 
duce stories and personal notions not war- 
ranted by the Coran or the tradition. He 
inveighs especially against the arch-innovator 
al-Harith B. Asad al-Muhasib (d. A.H. 
243 ; Haj. Khal., iii. p. 471, v. p. 87, and 
Hammer, Literaturgesch., iv. p. 212), also 
against Ibn al-'Arabi and 'Abd al-Kadir al- 
Jilani. 

The anonymous author of the present 
work, who appears to have lived in the same . 
time as his adversary, follows him step by 
step, giving copious extracts from his work, 
and endeavours to explain away his con- 
clusions against the Sufis. 



240. 

Or. 2712. Foil. 293 ; 8 Jin. by 5f ; 20 lines, 
in. long ; written in the Maghribi cha- 
x 2 



156 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



racter, with two illuminated titles ; dated 
18 Dulhijjah, A.H. 1238 (A.D. 1823). 



Homilies and edifying discourses in prose 
and verse, with copious anecdotes of holy 
men, by Shu'aib al-Huraifish. 

Beg. 



The author, who in the text calls himself 
as above, is thus designated in the prefixed 
title : 



In a copy noticed in the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 3356, his name is completed by the follow- 
ing addition : Ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz B. Yusuf 
B. Ahmad B. Salamah al-'Amrawi al-Kafsi, 
from which it may be infe'rred that he was 
a native of Kafsah in the Maghrib. His 
surname, al-Huraifish, is a diminutive of 
Harfush, " a man of the lowest class, a 
vagabond " (see Dozy, Supplement, vol. i., 
p. 273). He is not to be confounded with 
another writer, also called al-Harfiish, or al- 
Huraifish, viz., 'Abdallah B. Sa'd al-Misri, 
who died in Mecca A.H. 801. See Inba al- 
Ghumr, fol. 1126; Haj. Khal.,vol. iii., p. 42; 
and Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 434. 

The precise date of the author is not 
known, but it cannot be earlier than the 
8th century of the Hijrah. The latest writer 
quoted in the work appears to be 'Abd al- 
'Aziz al-Dirini (fol. 846), who died A.H. 694 
(v. Tabakat al-Munawi, fol. 249). On the 
other hand, a copy noticed in the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 6616, can hardly be much later 
than A.H. 800. 



The work is divided into 53 chapters 
the headings of which, in general agreement 
with those of the present copy, have been 



given by Rosen, Institut, no. 24. But there 
are various recensions of the work differing 
considerably with regard to contents and 
division. An edition printed in Cairo, A.H. 
1280, and reprinted A.H. 1304, is divided 
into 56 Majlis. For other copies see Pertsch, 
Gotha Catalogue, nos. 837-38 ; Sprenger, 
nos. 902-3 ; De Slane, Paris Catalogue, nos. 
1305 9 ; and the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 159. 






241. 



Or. 4272. Foil. 78 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Muharram, A.H. 1159 (A.D. 1746). 

[BUDGE.] 

A treatise on religious life, imperfect at 
the beginning. 

The author, whose name does not appear, 
was a member of the Wafa'i and Kadiri 
orders. He had received the initiation to 
the latter A.H. 849, from Shihab al-Dm 
Ahmad Ibn Hajar (fol. 556). From other 
passages it appears that . he appointed a 
Naklb in Ghazzah (fol. 61), that he con- 
ferred upon a postulant a licence for enter- 
ing the Wafa'i order in Jerusalem, A.H. 878 
(fol. 63), and that he appointed another as 
Khallfah. He is probably identical with 
Shaikh Shams al-Dm Abu 'l-'Aun Muham- 
mad al-Ghazzi, who, as we learn from 
al-Uns al-Jalil, Or. 1546, fol. 176, was at 
the head of the Kadiri order in Palestine, 
and was still alive A.H. 897. He was 
initiated in the Wafa'i order by his father's 
paternal uncle Sayyid Abu Bakr B. Sayyid 
Abi'1-Wafa. 

The MS. begins in the middle of a notice 
of the founder of the order, Taj al-'Ai'ifin 
Abu '1-Wafa', who died after A.H. 500. The 
introduction treats of the qualifications of 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



157 



the Shaikh and the duties of the disciples, 
and concludes with a poem rhyming in j 
on that subject. 

The first Bab, ?y!l <j, begins, fol. 11, as 
follows : \ i>'J) td)U\ J*>\ U5bL> U 



The second Bab, fol. 17, treats of know- 
ledge, ^xjl ^. The remainder of the 
work, in which no division is observed, 
treats of the Sufis, fol. 39, of the litany 
>J$\, fol. 42, and concludes with some Ijazahs 
and a chapter in defence of sacred music. 

Foil. 73 77 contain a discourse on predes- 
tination, without author's name, beginning : 

*" 



242. 

Or. 3199. Foil. 12 ; 7| in. by 5 ; 26 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, appa- 
rently in the 18th century. 

[KBEMEB, no. 208.] 

tXx*.^ SJj** ^J Jo^aM J>*N 

A Sufi tract by Muhammad Damirdash al- 
Muhammadi al-Sufi. 



Beg. 



J\ j, 

J 

J 



U . . . 

idJb 



JlaSI 
; Jy *5 



Damirdash, originally a Circassian Mamluk, 
embraced a religious life under Ahmad B. 
'Ukbah, the Shaikh of Ahmad Zarruk, 



and afterwards, having repaired to Tib- 
rlz, became a disciple of Shaikh 'Umar 
Rushani. After his return to Egypt, he 
took up his abode in a Zawiyah, near Cairo, 
where he made, with his own hands, a 
plantation of palm trees, which became 
celebrated. He died there on the 21st of 
Dulhijjah, A.H. 929. See al-Kawakib al- 
Sa'irah, Add. 16647, fol. 566. According to 
the Lawakih, Add. 7348, fol. 233, and 
Munawi, fol. 351, his death took place after 
A.H. 930. 

He -wrote the present tract, at the request 
of a youth called Ibrahim, in explanation of 

this Sufi saying : JfcW j^ A*a-^\ ^ JU ^ 



For other copies, see the Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 3229, and the Khedive's Library, vol. 
vii., p. 109. 



243. 

Or. 3198. Foil. 121; 8 in. by 5; 13 lines, 
2^ in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi, 
with 'Unwan and red-ruled margins, appa- 
rently in the 16th century. 

[KEEMER, no. 206. J 

Uej^l ^jlii J* U<>\jd\jj* 

Answers of 'Ali al-Khawwas to questions 
relating to spiritual life, put to him by his 
disciple 'Abd al-Wahhab al-Sha'rani, who 
died A.H. 973, written down and collected 
by the latter. 

Beg. . . . JU J J* 



158 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



'Ali al-Burullasi al-Khawwas was an 
Egyptian saint of humble birth, who could 
neither read nor write, and earned a liveli- 
hood by plaiting palm-leaves (^y-), but 
enjoyed a great repute for spiritual insight. 
He died in Cairo, according to al-Munawi, 
fol. 362, and al-Kawakib al-Sa'irah, fol. 145, 
A.H. 939. But his disciple, al-Sha'rani, 
who associated with him during thirty 
years, and has devoted to him a long notice 
in his Lawakih al-Anwar, Add. 7348, fol. 237, 
says that he was still alive A.H. 941. 

The same Sha'rani wrote subsequently, 
under the title of..<i)^j J^r, a more complete 
collection of the spiritual utterances of his 
Shaikh. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 341&, 
and Rosen, Marsigli collection, no. 239. On 
.the title-page of the present MS. the author 
is styled a descendant of Muh. B. al- 
Hanafiyyah : 



, 



The Durar al-Ghawwas was printed in 
Cairo A.H. 1277, and again A.H. 1304, on 
the margin of Kitab al-Ibrlz by Ahmad B. 
Mubarak al-Sijilmasi. 

It is stated in the Khedive's Library that 
there are two recensions of jj-^j j*\}* a 
larger and a medium-sized one, composed 
respectively A.H. 940 and 942, while the 
<->\>*Njj <> was written A.H. 955. See vol. ii., 
pp. 78, 82, and 120. 



244. 

Or. 3200. Foil. 70 ; 8 in. by 5. 

[KEEMEE, no. 209.] 

I. Foil. 142; 17 lines, 2| in. long; 
written in fair Neskhi ; dated Friday, 12 
Muharram, A.H. 1209 (A.D. 1794). 



Commentary of an unknown author upon 
the Silsilat al-Dahab, a treatise on the 
filiation and rules of the Nakshabandi order, 
by Shaikh Muhammad Murad. 

Beg. 



JUH li^j UJJL-. . . . 

The text, which is included in the com- 
mentary, begins : jjoj . . . u^^ s-^j *N >>-* 
_jfc U^ iVjtf^^-. ^ t/^aaJI b\A\ ^ 



The author, Muhammad Murad B. 'Ali B. 
Da'ud al-Husaini al-Bukhari al-Nakshabandi, 
was born, A.H. 1050, in Samarkand, where 
his father was Nakib al-Ashraf. He went to 
India, and was initiated in the Nakshabandi 
order by Shaikh Muh. Ma's urn al-Fariiki 
al-Sirhindi, who died A.H. 1098 (see the 
commentary, fol. 10<z). After many wander- 
ings he settled in Damascus, where he 
attained an eminent position. He died in 
Constantinople, A.H. 1132. See the full 
notice which his great-grandson, Muh. 
Khalll al-Muradi, has devoted to him in his 
Silk al-Durar, vol. iv., p. 129. 

After tracing the Nakshabandi filiation 
from his master, Muh. Ma'sum, to the 
founder, Baha al-Dln Muh. B. Muh. al- 
Bukhari, and from him upwards to the 
Prophet, the author sets forth the funda- 
mental principles and rules of the order. 

II. Foil. 4370; 23 lines, 8|in. long; 
written in plain small Neskhi ; dated Satur- 
day, 20 Muharram, A.H. 1085 (A.D. 1674). 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



159 



A commentary by Ahmad [B. Ahmad] B. 
Muh. B. 'Isa al-Burnusi, called Zarruk (d. 
A.H. 896 or 899), upon the prayer of Abu'l- 
Hasan <Ali B. 'Abdallah al-Shadili (d. A.H. 
656), called^ 1 ^*. 



Beg. JiUjM J?> **Uj^ xj 

The commentary is preceded by a Mukad- 
dimah, foil. 436 506, and followed, fol. 616, 
by a Khatimah treating in three Fasls of 
religious life. 

For other copies of the commentary, see 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 856, the Khedive's 
Library, vol. ii., p. 202, vol. vii., p. 234, and 
Nobles, Madrid Catalogue, no. 294. 

245. 

Or. 3684. Foil. 202 ; 8 in. by 6J ; about 
21 lines, 3| in. long; written in minute and 
cursive Neskhi ; dated (fol. 172) A.H. 1128 
(A.D. 1716). [BODGE.] 

I. Foil. 38. 



A commentary upon the Sufi treatise 
known as al-Risalat al-Raslaniyyah from 
its author, Shaikh Raslan B. Ya'kub al- 
Dimashki. 

Beg. d 



The commentator, who does not give his 
name, is, according to Haj. Khal., vol. iii., 
p. 403, Zain al-Dln Zakariyya B. Muh. al- 
Ansari al-Shafi'i, who died A.H. 926. 
Shaikh Raslan died in Damascus before 
A.H. 700. See al-Munawi, fol. 243. 
Copies of the same commentary are noticed 
in the Berlin Catalogue, nos. 2427-8, and 
in the Khedive's Library, vol. vii., pp. 7, 



103, and 522. Another commentary upon 
the same tract is noticed in the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 400a. 

II. Foil. 9612. A collection of Sufi 
aphorisms by Muhyi al-Dln Ibn al-'Arabi 
(d. A.H. 638). 

JIS 



III. Foil. 1334. 



A dissertation on the meaning of the 
following passage in the Futuhat al-Makkiy- 
yah of Ibn al-'Arabi, Bab 198,^1 ^ ^^ 
l^jj,&^fcj \-?*'&, by Ibrahim B. Hasan B. Shihab 
al-Dln al-Kurdi al-Kurani al-Shahruzuri al- 
Shahrani al-Madani. 



Beg. 



W 



The above title and the author's name are 
found in the colophon. The author appears 
to have lived in the eleventh century of the 
Hijrah. His master, Safi al-Dln Ahmad B. 
Muh. al-Madani, whom he frequently quotes, 
received traditions, through Shams al-Dln 
Muh. B. Ahmad al-Ramli (v. Lawakih al- 
Anwar, fol. 350), from Zain al-Dln Zakariyya 
B. Muh. al-Ansari, who died A.H. 926. 
The tract is a metaphysical disquisition on 
the essence of the Deity, in which the 
Futuhat al-Makkiyyah are freely quoted. 

IV. Foil. 36 44. A treatise against the 
unqualified persons who usurp the name of 
Sufis ; without author's name. 

Beg. J 



160 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



The author refers at the end to two 
previous works of his, viz., j^l *J^j and. 
^y^K JljJ. Both of these are by the great 

mystic 'Abd al-Wahhab al-Sha'rani, who 
died A.H. 973. The present tract is stated, 
fol. 36&, to have been written in the same 
year (e*-J in the MS. by a clerical error for 
tjjA*) and is probably the last of his 
numerous writings. He describes it as 



jis ', and mentions a previous 
work of his on the sciences necessary to the 
saints, entitled j*- ^ 



An imperfect copy noticed by Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 3367, gives A.H. 933 
as the date of composition ; an obvious 
error, for the Lawiikih al-Anwar, quoted iu 
the work, is of much later date. 

V. Foil. 445 47. A short tract on seclu- 
sion as practised by Sufis, and its benefits, 
without author's name. 



Beg. 



VI. Foil. 48 67. Explanation of some 
difficult passages in al-Futuhat al-Makkiyah, 
by 'Abd al-Karlm B. Ibrahim B. 'Abd al- 
Karim al-Jilani : 



Beg. 

U . . . . 



. . . illb ,_j>JI 



JW5 



The commentary relates especially, as 
stated in the preface, to Bab 559, in which 
the author has summed up his teaching in a 
condensed form. 

The commentator was born A.H. 767 
(see below, art. xiv.), and died after A.H. 
805, as stated in the Khedive's Library, 
vol. ii., p. 91, or about A.H. 820, according 
to Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 2874, 
where the same work is described. Accord- 
ing to Loth, no. 693, the date of his death is 
A.H. 811. For a list of his writings see 
Loth, no. 666, and for other copies of the 
above work, the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 91, and vol. vii., p. 47. 

VII. Foil. 6971. Explanation of some 
Sufi terms, by Muhyi al-Dm Ibn al-'Arabi. 



Beg. 



J\S 



Noticed by Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
no. 2967. 

VIII. Foil. 7274. A collection of Sufi 
sayings, by Ibn al-'Arabi. 

Beg. 



The same in the Berlin Catalogue, no. 2944. 

IX. Foil. 75-76. A short tract on the 
divine essence, by Ibn al-Arabi : 



Beg. U ty--J\ 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 

\\ olji) 



161 



See the Berlin Catalogue, no. 2920. 

X. Foil. 7780, 83. A Sufi tract on the 
unity of being, ascribed in the heading to 
al-Balbani: d 



Beg. 



(jj 

. J 



There is towards the end a circular dia- 
gram, illustrating various degrees of spiritual 
insight. The author is Auhad al-Din 'Abd- 
allah al-Balyani, a Sufi, who died A.H. 686. 
See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 4546. 

XI. Foil. 8794. An alphabetical series 
of mystic poems, in imitation of Ibn al- 
'Arabi. 



Beg. i_? 



JIS, 



The pieces, which have ten Baits each, are 
arranged according to the rhyme letters. 
There is one for each letter of the alphabet. 
The first begins : 



For the Mu'ashsharat of Ibn al-'Arabi see 
the Khedive's Library, vol. vii., p. 384. 



XII. Foil 9597, 



J\ 



A tract on the various degrees of beings, 
considered as manifestations of the divine 
essence, by Muhammad B. al- Shaikh Fadl- 
allah. 



*U1 

XIII. Foil. 98123. Various extracts in 
prose and verse, by 'Abd al-Kadir al-Jilani, 
Ibn al-'Arabi, 'Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulusi, 
Ibrahim al-Dasuki, 'Ali al-Khawwas, Abu '1- 
Mawahib Muh. al-Shadili, etc. 

XIV. Foil. 124172. Commentary of 
'Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulusi (d. A.H. 1143) 
upon the mystical Kasidah of 'Abd al-Karim 
al-JIli, with the text. 



Je ab jcxi 



Beg. of the Kasidah 



The poet, 'Abd al-Karim B. Ibrahim B. 
'Abd al-Karim al-Jili, who is also known as 
the author of al-Insan al-Kamil, gives the 
date of his birth, A.H. 767, in the following 
lines, fol. 158i : 



x* ( 



The commentary was finished, as stated 
at the end, in Muharram A.H. 1086. 

Haj. Khal., who calls the poem, vol. iii., 
T 



162 



ASCETICISM AND SUFISM. 



p. 204, Vj-j.Ji jj^jiM ,J 4AJj*n *j^, says that 
it consists of 533 Baits. For copies of the 
poem and commentary see Uri, no. 45, art. ii.; 
the Khedive's Library, vol. vii., p. 312 ; and 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, nos. 3411 13. 

Copyist : ^alS^ <.,Uo ^ jlv 

XV. Foil. 172 175. Commentary by 'Abd 
al-Ghani al-Nabulusi upon four Baits of Ibn 
al-'Arabi, beginning : 



Beg. of the Comm. 



J\ 

The commentator wrote first a poetical 
explanation in ten Baits, which he afterwards 
expanded into a prose commentary. 

XVI. Foil. 178186. A dogmatical tract 
in refutation of the belief in predestined 
damnation. 



Beg. U 



The tract is anonymous, and imperfect at 
the end. Sa'd al-Dln al-Taftazani is quoted 
fol. 185. 

XVII. Foil. 188201. A commentary by 
Abu '1-Tayyib 'Abdallah al-Hiti upon the 
Kasidah of Ka'b B. Zuhair, known as Banat 
Su'ad. 



Beg. 



It is compiled, as stated in the preface, 
from the commentaries of 'Jamal al-Din 



'Abdallah Ibn Hisham, and of Abu Zaka- 
riyya Yahya al-Tibrizi. For another copy 
see Ahlwardt, Verzeichniss, no. 103. 

The last article is by another hand, and is 
dated Rabi' I., A.H. 1115 (A.D. 1703). 



246. 

Or. 3196. Foil. 52; 8J in. by 6; 19 and 
21 lines, 3f in. long ; written in cursive 
Neskhi ; dated Rabi' II., A.H. 1163 (A.D. 
1750). [KREHER, no. 205.] 



Jy" 



I. Foil. 143. 



Comments on a mystic verse of Ibn al- 
Farid, by Mustafa al-Bakri. 

Beg. . . . y &\j\ y- &jj> 



Muhyi al-Dm Mustafa B. Kamal al-Din B. 
'Ali B. Kamal al-DIn B. 'Abd al-Kadir al- 
Siddiki al-Bakri, one of the most eminent 
religious teachers of the 12fch century, was 
born in Damascus A.H. 1099. He was a 
disciple of Shaikh 'Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulusi, 
and was initiated into the Kadtri order by 
'Abd al-Latif B. Husam al-Din al-Halabi. 
Afterwards he' became also affiliated into 
the Nakshabandi order. After travelling 
many years through Syria, Turkey, Egypt 
and Irak, followed by flocks of disciples, he 
repaired A.H. 1161 to Mecca, where he died 
in Rabi' II., A.H. 1162. His life is fully 
told, and his writings, amounting to 222 in 
number, partly enumerated, in Silk al-Durar, 
vol. iv., pp. 190 200. Some of his works 
are noticed in the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 



PRAYERS. 



1G3 



109-10; see also Rosen, Institut, no. 27; 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, no. 3784 ; and 
Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, no. 901. 

The verse commented upon belongs to the 
Ta'iyyah of Ibn al-Farid. It is the following : 



The commentary was completed, as stated 
at the end, at the beginning of Rabi* I., 
A.H. 1129. 

This copy was collated, A.H. 1166, with 
the autograph MS. of the author. 

II. Foil. 4453. 



A versified prayer, including the names 
of the Prophets, with a prose preface, by the 
same author. 



Beg. of preface : <*\j>\ 8 *\H^ J*?" c 




Beg. of the poem : 



The same rhyme in j runs through the 
whole piece. The last line includes a chrono- 
gram for A.H. 1155, the date of composition: 



PRAYERS. 

247. 

Or. 3954. Foil. 281; 7J in. by 4; 9 lines, 
2 in. long ; written in fine large Neskhi with 
all the vowels, with a 'Unwan and gold-ruled 



margins, dated 
(A.D. 1675). 



27 Ramadan, A.H. 1085 
[GLASEE, no. 248.] 



The prayer-book of 'Ali B. al-Husain B. 
'Ali B. Abi Talib, the fourth Imam, known 
as Zain al-'Abidin (d. A.H. 95), as handed 
down by his grandson Yahya B. Zaid, who 
died A.H. 125 (v. Kamil, vol v., p. 202). 



The Isnad and the account of the finding 
of the book are the same as in a MS. 
described by Loth, in the Catalogue of the 
India Office Library, no. 334. Compare the 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 3769, and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. ii., p. 219. The prayer itself 
begins, fol. 163, as follows : !sb 



In a marginal note at the end, it is stated 
that the MS. was collated with a correct 
Persian copy A.H. 1087, in al-Ghiras, in the 
house of Saif al-Islam Ahmad B. al-Hasan B. 
Amir al-Muminm al-Mansur (afterwards al- 
Mahdi, A.H. 10871092)! 

The same statement is repeated, foil. 
279 281, with the transcription, from the 
Persian MS., of various colophons dated 
A.H. 955, 772 and 643. 

248. 

Or. 4282. Foil. 182 ; 8 J in. by 5| ; 25 lines, 

3f in. long; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 

parently in the 14th century. [BUDGE.] 

T 2 



164 



PRAYERS. 



A vast collection of prayers, handed down 
by tradition ; by Yahya B. Sharaf al-Nawawi 
(d. A.H. 676). ' 



Beg. j 

See further on, Or. 3485. 

The last two leaves, supplied by a later 
hand, are dated 1 Dulka'dah, A.H. 973 
(A.D. 1566). 



249. 

Or. 3855. Foil. 193 ; 10 in. by 6J ; 19 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with all 
the vowels ; dated Friday, 5 Sha'ban, A.H. 
905 (A.D. 1500). [GLASEE, no. 143.] 



" The weapon of the believer ; " a collec- 
tion of authentic forms of prayer, handed 
down from the Prophet. 

Beg. U . . . &$ 



On the title-page the work is wrongly 
ascribed to Abu 'Abdallah Shams al-Dln 
Muh. B. Muh. B. Muh. B. al-Jazari al- 
Dimashki, who died A.H. 833. The real 
author, as stated there in a marginal note, is 
al-Hafiz Taki al-Din Muhammad B. Taj al- 
Din Muh. B. Humam, Imam of the mosque 
called Jami' al-Salih, situated outside Bab 
Zawllah in Cairo : 



This is fully confirmed by Ibn Hajar, 
Durar al-Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 120, who 
calls the author Taki al-DIn Abu'1-Fath 
Muh. B. Muh. B. 'Ali B. Humam al-'Askalani 
al-Misri, known as Ibn al-Imam, adding that 
he died A.H. 745, and that his work, Silah 
al-Mumin, was abridged A.H. 730 by al- 
Dahabi. See also Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 605, 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 235, 
vol. ii., p. 228. After reproving the perverse 
practice of reciting fanciful prayers resting 
on no authority, the author describes the 
scope of his work as follows : c 



J\ 



uj^r 



yjlj^ yj pjU ^ ^J 

The work is divided into twenty-one Babs, 
in which the prayers are classed according 
to subjects, a table of which is given in the 
preface. 



250. 

Or. 3909. Foil. 53 ; 7 in. by 5^ ; 14 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi ; 
dated Tuesday, 12 Rabi' I., A.H. 847 (A.D. 
1443). [GLASER, no. 200.] 



A collection of prayers, abridged by the 
author from his own work, uj^oii 1^^- 
The author, whose name does not appear, is 
Shams al-DIn Abu'l-Khair Muh. B. Muh. 
al-Jazari, who died A.H. 833. See Haj. 
Khal.j vol. iii., p. 73. 

For other copies see the Arabic Catalogue, 



PRAYERS. 



165 



p. 88a ; the Leyden Catalogue, nos. 2197 
and 2789 ; and the Berlin Catalogue, no. 
3702, where the headings are given. 

The MS. is imperfect, beginning abruptly 
with the last nine lines of Bab I. 

For the contents and copies of al-Hisn al- 
Hasm, see the Vienna Catalogue, no. 1705 ; 
De Jong, no. 341 ; Loth, nos. 345 47 ; the 
Khedive's Library, vol. i., p. 220, vol. ii., 
p. 223, etc. 



251. 

Or. 4283. Foil. 94 ; 7 in. by 4} ; 11 lines, 
2 in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with 
three lines in each page in large Thulth and 
red ink, and with 'Unwan and gold-ruled 
margins; dated Sha'ban, A.H. 1169 (A.D. 
1756). [BUDGE.] 



The well-known collection of prayers for 
Muhammad, by Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. 
Sulaiman al-Jazuli (d. A.H. 870). 

See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 76a ; Loth, 
no. 350 ; the Berlin Catalogue, no. 3919 ; 
Pertsch, no. 807; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. ii., p. 194, etc. 

At foil. 13-14 is a coloured drawing repre- 
senting the mosque of Medina. 



252. 

Or. 2890. Foil. 193 ; 8 in. by 5$; 25 lines, 
2| in. long ; written in small and neat Nes- 
talik, apparently in Constantinople; dated, 
fol. 181a, 13 Rabi' L, A.H. 1157 (A D. 1744), 
although some portions must have been 
written somewhat later. 



I. Foil. 817. gU*H I 



A commentary by 'Uthman B. Mustafa 
upon the *L5)\ *$***>, or pious precepts 

addressed by the Imam Abu Hanifah to his 
son Ham mad. 



Beg. 



The text consists of twenty precepts, and 

y>\ J\ 



begins as follows : b 



JJ , 

The commentary was completed on the 
22nd of Eajab, A.H. 1159. 

Hammad, son of Abu Hanifah, died A.H. 
176. See Ibn Khallikan, De Slane, vol. i., 
p. 469. 

For copies of the original text, ^\ LUJJ 
&AJ^) ii*^-, see the Berlin Catalogue, no. 3966, 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. vii., p. 9. 



II. Foil. 19160. 



J* 



ji- 



A commentary by Muhammad B. Sulaimiin 
al-Arihawi upon the Dala'il al-Khairat (see 
no. 251). 



(3=- 



> _ 



The author, who calls himself at the end 
Muhammad, commentator of the Kanz (v. 
Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 604), son of Shaikh 
Sulaiman, ^UjJ -J ^ ^iO _,12 ^**^, 
says in the preface that he gave to his work 
the above title because it expresses the date 



166 



PRAYEKS. 



of composition, viz. otf^5\ ji* == A.H. 1147. 

He describes the work in the epilogue as a 
compilation from the commentary of al-Fasi 
(Muh. al-Mahdi B. Ahmad, v. Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 78a) and others. 

In the Athar i Nau, Haj. Khal., vol. vi., 
p. 595, where the present work is mentioned, 
the author is called Sayyid Muh. B. Sulaiman 
al-Halabi, and stated to have died A.H. 1158. 

The present copy was collated, as stated 
at the end, with the autograph draft of the 
author, in Jumada I., A.H. 1171. A prayer 
to be recited after completing the lecture of 
the Dala'il is appended. 

III. Foil. 1616162a. The prayer of 
Shaikh 'Abd al-Salam B. Hashish, with the 
heading : *&~2\ SAS- ^\ J 



Beg. oHJii 



'Abd al-Salam B. Bashlsh (or Hashish) B. 
Mansur al-Hasani al-Idrlsi was a saint as 
renowned in the Maghrib as al-Shafi'i in 
Egypt. He dwelt in a cave near Tunis, and 
is held in high honour by the Shadilis as 
Shaikh of the founder of their order, Abu '1- 
Hasan 'Ali B. 'Abdallah al-Shadili, who died 
A.H. 656. He was a disciple of Sayyid 'Abd 
al-Rahman al-Madani al-Zayyat. See al- 
Mafakhir al-'Aliyyah fil-Ma'athir al-Shadi- 
liyyah, Cairo, A.H. 1093, p. 12; al-Sha'rani, 
Add. 7348, fol. 6 ; al-Munawi, Add. 23,369, 
fol. 2546 ; and Husn al-Muhadarah, vol. i., 
p. 298. For copies and commentaries see 
the Berlin Catalogue, no. 3911-12, and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. ii., pp. 202, 204, 
vii., pp. 374, 410. 

IV. Foil. 162a 181a. A commentary 
upon the preceding prayer, 



, by Muhammad B. Shaikh 
Sulaiman al-Arihawi, author of art. II. 



Jjx> ^ 

The author says that, having travelled 
from Halab to Egypt, and having proceeded 
thence to Constantinople A.H. 1140, he 
there composed, at the request of a friend, 
the present commentary. The above date is 
repeated at the end as that of composition. 

A Turkish commentary, by Isma'Il Hakki, 
upon the same prayer, is noticed in the Vienna 
Catalogue, vol. iii., no. 1709. It has been 
printed in Constantinople, A.H. 1256 (Zen- 
ker, vol. ii., no. 1216). Another and shorter 
Arabic commentary has been printed in 
Damascus, A.H. 1300. 

V. Foil. 18161835. An extract from 
'$Jd\ ^s, relating to the transfer of the 

reward of pious observances to the dead. 

The author is called 'Akilah al-Hanafi, ^^ 



Appended are some shorter extracts and 
a Turkish Ta'blr-Namah. 



253. 

Or. 3874. Foil. 78 ; 8f in. by 6J ; 19 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in Neskhi ; dated 
(fol. 71)Muharram, A.H. 1169 (A.D. 1755). 

[GLASEE, no. 162.] 

A collection of Aurad, or litanies, by al- 
Sayyid Mustafa al-Sibt al-Bakri al-Khalwati 
al-Hanafi, with this title : 



PRAYERS. 



167 



Beg. 



I I |A 



J\ ., j -, 

The author died A.H. 1162. See no. 246. 

The Aurad have separate titles, and the 
first nineteen are numbered in the margin. 
The collection concludes with litanies to be 
recited night and day, on each of the days of 
the week, from Friday to Thursday. 

Foil. 63 73 contain additional prayers 
and notices of saints. The most important 
are : 1. A catena, &Ju*>, of the Khalwati 
order, brought down to Muhammad al- 
Hafnawi, a disciple of Mustafa al-Bakri, 
foil. 6567. 2. The " Wird " entitled a 



composed A.H. 1122 

by Mustafa al-Bakri, foil. 72 76 (commonly 
called j^^ ijj ; see the Khedive's Library, 
vol. vii., pp. 267, 511, and the Berlin Cata- 
logue, nos. 3784 86. 3. A notice of Shaikh 
Muhammad B. Salim al-Hafnawi, who died 
A.H. 1181, fol. 77 (also called al-Hafni, from 
his native village Hafnah, near Bilbais ; see 
Silk al-Durar, vol. iv., p. 49). 

254. 

STOWE, Or. 3. Foil. 100; 5 in. by 3f ; 
8 lines, 2f in. long ; written in a stiff and 
angular Maghribi character, apparently in 
the 17th century. 

A collection of prayers, wrongly endorsed 
Dela el-Keyrat (O^^U Jftb), containing: 



I. Fol. la. The prayer of the coat of mail, 
and how it was imparted to Muhammad by 
the angel Gabriel. 

Beg. y 



J. J ^JJiS UJjj*- (jjJ 



See Pertsch, no. 825, and the Berlin Cata- 
logue, no. 3649, art. 18. 

II. Fol. 13a. The vision of Shaikh 'Abd 
al-Rahman al-Tha'alibi, in which Abu Bakr, 
'Umar, and lastly the Prophet, appeared to 
him. 

Beg. 



J\ 



.JJ 



This'is followed, fol. 306, by a long prayer 
beginning thus : ^ b . . . . uUU f \f-d\ i>j 



J^ 



J-i 



III. Fol. 576. Description of the personal 
features of the Prophet, with remarks on 
the efficacy of its recitation. 



UI 



,Ju 



j 



IV. Fol. 62a. Another prayer, with a pre- 
amble stating how Muhammad received it 
from Gabriel, and traditions regarding its 
efficacy. 

Beg. ,3 



The prayer begins, fol. 74a, as follows : 



V. Fol. 86a. Another prayer, called 



Beg. c_^ 

^>. J *x! 



168 



LAW. 



255. 

Or. 4251. Foil. 106 ; 6 in. by 3f ; 11 lines, 
2 in. long ; written in neat, fully vocalized 
Neskhi, with 'Unwan and gold-ruled margins; 
dated A.H. 1170 (A.D. 1757). 

[BUDGE.] 

Al-Fatihah, Surat al-An'am, Surat Yasin 
and the shorter Sarahs, fol. 86. The 99 



names of God, with a Turkish introduction, 
fol. 626. The Hilyat al-Nabi, or description 
of the person of the Prophet, fol. 696. 
Coloured drawings, representing the hand of 
Muhammad, the sword Dulfakar, and the 
Ka'bah, fol. 726. 

The rest of the volume contains prayers 
and traditions in Arabic and Turkish. 



LAW. 



THE BASES OF JURISPRUDENCE 
(USUL AL-FIKH). 

256. 

Or. 3093. Foil. 84 ; 7f in. by 5J ; 17 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi ; 
dated 29 Babi' II., A.H. 739 (A.D. 1338) 
in the Madrasat al-Saifiyyah, Cairo. 

[KEEMEE, no. 103.] 

A commentary by Taj al-DIn 'Abd al- 
Eahman B. Ibrahim B. Siba' al-Shafi'i al-An- 
sari al-Badri al-Fazari al-Misri al-Dimashki, 
called al-Firkah, upon the Warakat, or 
manual on the fundaments of jurisprudence, 
according to the Shafi'I school, by Imam al- 
Haramain 'Abd al-Malik B. 'Abdallah al- 
Juwaini (died A.H. 478). See Ibn Khalli- 
kan, vol. ii., p. 120, and Haj. Khal., vol. vi., 
p. 433. 

The following title is prefixed by the same 
hand as the text : 






Beg. 



J r o\ 



L-J\X/ 



The text agrees with that of Add. 9621 , 
iii., described in the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 2526. For other copies see Pertsch, 
G-otha Catalogue, no. 922, and De Slane, 
Paris Catalogue, no. 1266, 2 . 

The commentator, born A.H. 624, was in 
his day the greatest legist of Damascus. 
He died on the 5th of Jumada II., A.H. 690, 
in the Madrasat al-Badraniyyah, where he 
was teaching. He got his nickname al- 
Firkah (not Ibn al-Firkah) from a bodily 
malformation (v. Kamus : tjo U> ^bj lJj&\ 
^jujW). See notices of his life in Ta'rlkh 
af-Islam, Or. 1540, fol. 101; al-Isnawi, 
fol. 1276 ; Tabakat Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, 



USUL AL-FIKH. 



1 69 



fol. 84; and al-Wafi bil-Wafayat, Add. 
23,358, fol. 195i. 

From the initial words of the present 
copy it appears that the text was handed 
down by the author's son. This was, no 
doubt, B urban al-Dm Ibrahim Ibn al-Firkah, 
who succeeded his father as teacher in the 
Badrauiyyah, and died A.H. 729. See al- 
Isnawi, fol. 128a. 

The commentary does not include the 
whole text of the Warakat, but only the 
passages explained, which are preceded by 
aJy 

It is stated at the end that the MS. was 
collated, A.H. 739, with the original in the 
handwriting of the author. 

Copyist: 



257. 

Or. 3101. Foil. 12 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 21 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, probably 
in the 18th century. 

[KBEMEB, no. 111.] 

A commentary upon the same work, al- 
Warakat, by Jalal al-Dm Abu 'Abdallah 
Muhammad (B. Ahmad) al-Mahalli al-Misri 
al-Shafi'i (who died A.H. 864; v. Haj. 
Khal., vol. vi., p. 433). 

Beg. [sic] 






The commentary is much shorter than the 
preceding; but it includes the whole text, 
which is distinguished by a red line drawn 
over it. 



For other copies see Pertsch, Gotha Cata- 
logue, no. 923, and the Khedive's Library, 
vol. ii., pp. 254, 259. 



258. 

Or. 3511. Foil. 247 ; 13 in. by 7* ; 13 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in large Neskhi, ap- 
parently in India, in the 18th century. 

[Presented by B. B. PORTAL.] 

A work known as Kitab al-Usul, treating 
of the 'bases of jurisprudence, according to 
the Hanafi school, by Abu '1-Hasan 'AH B. 
Muhammad al-Bazdawi. 



Beg. 



OLiN 



*iu5\ 



The author, whose full name is Fakhr al- 
Islam Abu '1-Hasan 'Ali B. Muh. B. al- 
Husain B. 'Abd al-Karlm al-Nasafi al-Baz- 
dawi, so called from Bazdah, or Pazdah, a 
fortress at six Farsakhs from Nasaf (Yakut, 
vol. i., p. 604, Sam'ani, fol. 781), and desig- 
nated as the legist of Mawara al-Nahr, died 
on the 5th of Rajab, A.H. 482, and was 
buried in Samarkand. See Ibn Kutlubuga, 
p. 30, no. 122 ; Ibn al-Hinna'i, fol. 34a ; 
and Haj. Khal., vol. i., p. 335. 

Science, the author says in the preface, is 
of two kinds : the first deals with the unity 
and attributes of God ; the second with the 
precepts of the law. The first has been 
expounded by Abu Hanifah in 
and in other works, such as 
and SUpl t-jlS^ The second, or Fikh, has 
three branches, viz. : 1. Knowledge of the 
ordinances in themselves; 2. Knowledge of 
the texts and their meaning, and deter- 

z 



170 



LAW. 



ruination of the various sources from which 
the ordinances are derived; 3. Practical 
observation of the law. The present work 
deals with the second of these three branches. 
Its scope is set forth, fol. 46, as follows : 



The last section, ^JoM u^b, beginning 
fol. 244a, deals with certain Hadiths declared 
spurious and untrustworthy. 

The margins are well filled with annota- 
tions in a small character. 

For other copies see the Paris Catalogue, 
no. 836 ; Rosen Institut, no. 16 ; Sprenger, 
no. 597 ; and the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 236. 



259. 

Or. 4032. Foil. 196; 9 in. by 6f; 17 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in fine bold, but sparely 
pointed, Neskhi ; dated San'a, Shawwal, 
A.H. 671 (A.D. 1273). [GLASER, no. 334.] 

The third volume of al-Mahsul, a work 
upon the bases of jurisprudence accord- 
ing to the Shafi'i school, by Muhammad B. 
'Umar al-Razi, who died A.H. 606, with this 
title : tuN Jye\ j 



Beg. 



The author's name is given at the end : 

ljj\}\ yf- 



Added to the original text, and mixed up 
with it, are critical comments and refuting 
argumentations by a Zaidi writer, whose 
name does not appear. His standpoint is 
made clear by the following passage, fol. 32a, 
in which he declares against the doctrine of 



Kiyas, or inference by analogy, held by 
Sunni schools, and in favour of the authority 
of the descendants of the Prophet : \i\ l^ 



In another passage he refers to a previous 
work of his on the impeccability of the 
prophets, buJ'i 



The chapter on Kiyas is divided into an 
introduction, i*jJU, fol. 26, and the follow- 
ing three Kisins : 

Fol. 8a. 



Fol. 1396. 



Fol. 97a. 



Then come the following chapters : 
Fol. 107a. 

Fol. 1396. 
Fol. 159a. 
Fol. 167a. 



2. 



3. 



The MahsuTis mentioned among the works 
of Razi by Ibn Khallikan, translation, vol. ii., 
p. 652 ; Ibn Abi Usaibi'ah, vol. ii., p. 29 ; 
and Haj. Khal. s vol. v., p. 423. For MSS. 
see Uri, no. 267; the Paris Catalogue, 
no. 790; the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., 
p. 263 ; and Loth, no. 292. 



Copyist : 



USUL AL-FIKH. 



171 



260. 

Or. 3100. Foil. 119 ; 7f in. by 5 ; 15 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in flowing and elegant 
Neskhi, with occasional vowels ; dated in 
the first decade of Du'lka'dah, A.H. 705 
(A.D. 1306). [KREMBR, no. 110.] 

An abridgment by Ibn Abi '1-Fath al-Ba'li 
of al-Raudah, a treatise on the bases of 
jurisprudence according to the doctrine of 
Ibn Hanbal, by Muwaffik al-Dm Abu Muh. 
'Abdallah B. Ahmad B. Muh. B. Kudamah 
al-Makdisi, with the following title : (_*** 



Beg. ,. 



The author of the original work, which in 
the text is only designated as <^yo\ <j l*^ 
ia_flJ\, was born at Jamma'il, district of 
Nabulus, A.H. 541, and spent most of his 
life in Damascus, where he died A.H. 620. 
He was a man of great learning and piety, 
and was regarded as the great doctor of the 
Hanbali school. Two of his disciples, Abu '1- 
Muzaffar Sibt al-Jauzi and Abu Shamah, 
devote to him long notices in their annals, 
Add. 23,279, fol. 163, and Or. 1539, foil. 
3235. See also al-Wafi bil-Wafayat, Add. 
23,358, fol. 22 ; Yakut, vol. ii., p. 113 ; and 
Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 305. 

The author of the abridgment, Shams al-Dm 
Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. Abi '1-Fath B. Abi '1- 



Fadl al-Hanbali al-Ba'li, or al-Ba'labakki, a 
native of Balbek, was born A.H. 645. He 
studied law and grammar, the latter under 
Ibn Malik, and wrote a full commentary upon 
al-Murjaniyyah. Towards the end of his life 
he went to Egypt, where he fell ill and died 
in the hospital, A.H. 709. See al-Durar al- 
Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 1086. The present 
copy was therefore written in his lifetime. 

The work begins with an introduction 
dealing with definitions and with the princi- 
ples of dialectics. It is divided into Babs 
and subdivided into Fasls. The main divi- 
sions are as follows : 

Fol. 10a. 



Fol. 20a. 



Fol. 
Fol. 52a. 
Fol. 58a. 
Fol. 676. 
Fol. 84a. 
Fol. 94. 
Fol. 1176. 

Copyist : ^ 



The Eaudah is not mentioned by Haj. 
Khal., who notices, however, several works 
of the same author on tho Hanbali Furu'; 
see vol. vii., p. 1178, no. 6632. 



261. 

Or. 3680. Foil. 228 ; 10 in. by 7; 23 lines, 
5 in. long; written in fair Neskhi, with 
occasional vowels, in Cairo, apparently in 
the 15th century. [BUDGE.] 

z2 



172 



LAW. 



> 



An extensive commentary on a compen- 
dious treatise on the sources of the law, 
according to the Hanafi school, by Husam 
al-Din Muhammad B. Muh. B. 'Umar al- 
Akhsikati, who died A.H. 644. See Ibn 
Kutlubugha, no. 167, and Haj. Khal., vol. vi., 
p. 163. 

Beg. 



The author of the commentary, 'Abd al- 
'Aziz B. Ahmad B. Muh. al-Bukhari, died, 
as stated by Haj. Khal., I.e., A.H. 730. See 
also Ibn Kutlubugha, no. 103. After dwell- 
ing in the preface on the great importance 
of the science which deals with the bases 
of the law, &Hi)l J r o\ J*, he says that 
the Muntakhab far surpasses all the compen- 
dious treatises written on that subject. He 
wrote the present commentary at the request 
of his disciples and friends, after completing 
his j\^^ _ii/ [a commentary upon J r a\ 
c/j"^, another treatise upon the funda- 
ments of the law ; see no. 258]. He says 
further on that he had received the text of 
the Muntakhab from his paternal uncle, the 
Imam Fakhr al-Din Muh. B. Muh. B. Ilyas 
al-Mayamurghi (Ibn Kutlubugha, no. 63, 
Yakut, vol. iv., p. 408), who had it from the 
author. 

For copies of the same commentary see 
the Leyden Catalogue, no. 1816 ; the Khe- 
dive's Library, vol. ii., p. 239 ; and the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 714a. For copies of 

the text, generally called ^LJA t- * , see 

Loth, nos. 29397 ; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. ii., p. 260, 266 ; and for other commen- 
taries the Arabic Catalogue, p. 1186; the 



Paris Catalogue, no. 802 ; and Daka'ik al- 
Usul, a commentary by Fadl Hakk Akhun- 
zadah, lithographed in Dehli, A.H. 1300. 

Copyist : 



262. 

Or. 3970. Foil. 72 ; 9 in. by 6fc; 20 lines, 
3J in. long; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 19th century. 

[GLASEB, no. 264.] 



A commentary by Abu Mansur Jamal al- 
Din Hasan B. Yusuf B. 'Ali B. al-Mutahhar 
al-Hiili (who died A.H. 726), upon the 
abridged treatise on Usul al-Fikh known as 
Mukhtasar al-Muntaha, by Jamal al-Dm 
'Uthman B. 'Umar Ibn al-Hajib al-Maliki 
(died A.H. 646). 



Beg. . . . JUiij ij 



yd 



41 



U 



The commentary includes the text of the 
original work, which is designated in the 
preface as ^s- ($ J*^j Jj~N <j*> j^x? 
Jjii, Jyo^. It is distinguished from the 
commentary by J\5 and Jyl The present 
copy contains only a small part of the whole. 
It breaks off in the section relating to the 
Goran as the first source of the law. The 
last paragraph begins : >lib \y\jiZA <dl~* J15 
J\ lAAto. jliil w / j, J& 

The present commentary appears with the 



USUL AL-FIKH. 



above title among the author's numerous 
works in Majalis al-Muminm, Add. 16,716, 
fol. 281, and in the Kisas al-'Ulama, p. 274, 
no. 14. It is also mentioned, but without 
title, by Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 175. For the 
Mukhtasar al-Muntaha, see ib., p. 170; 
Loth, no. 298 ; Pertsch, no. 1048 ; and, for 
other commentaries upon the same work, the 
Khedive's Library, vol. ii., pp. 249, 251, 253, 
and vol. vii., p. 678. 



263. 

Or. 4213. Foil. Ill ; 9f in. by 5|; 13 lines, 
2 in. long ; written in neat Persian Neskhi ; 
dated end of Safar, A.H. 1029 (A.D. 1620). 

[LANE.] 

Jy^fl > J\ JyajM ^>* 

A treatise on the Usul al-Fikh, according 
to the Shi'ah school, with copious marginal 
notes. 



Beg. 



i J\ u 



Ul 



The author, whose name does not appear 
in the MS., is the celebrated Shi'ah legist, 
Jamal al-Din Hasan B. Yusuf B. 'AH B. al- 
Mutahhar, who was born A.H. 648 and died 
A.H. 726. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 7256, 
7695 ; Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 478 ; Majalis 
al-Murnium, fol. 278 ; Muntaha '1-Makal, 
p. 105 ; and Kisas al-'Ulama, p. 274, where 
the Tahdib al-Wusul is mentioned as the 
27th work of the author. 

The work consists of twelve Maksads, treat- 
ing respectively of the following subjects : 

1. oUjJii\, fol. 3a ; 2. OUJJl, fol. 65 ; 3.jti\ 



173 

fol. 206; 4. uolUj r W1, fol. 356; 
5. uL*ttj J**^, fol. 49a ; 6. J 1 ^, fol. 536 ; 
7. ~i!l, fol. 566; 8. gU*^, fol. 646; 9, 
fol. 72a; 10. o-USM, fol. 83a; 11. 
grjftj, fol. 986; 12. Jl^^ll, foL lOla. 
Copyist: le, ^ 

264. 

Or. 3826. Foil. 169 ; 8 in. by 5} ; 22 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair, but sparely pointed, 
Neskhi ; dated Tuesday, 18 Jumada II., 
A.H. 894 (A.D. 1489). [GLASEB, no. 114.] 



A commentary by Sadr al-Shari'ah 'Ubaid- 
allah B. Mas'ud B. Taj al-Shari'ah al- 
Mahbubi al-Bukhari al-Hanafi (died A.H. 
747) upon his own treatise on Usul al-Fikh, 
entitled al-Tanklh. 



See Haj. Khal., vol. ii., pp. 443-44, and 
for other copies the Arabic Catalogue, p. 1196; 
Uri, no. 223 ; the Paris Catalogue, no. 796 ; 
the Vienna Catalogue, no. 1774; Pertsch, 
no. 933; Loth, nos. 319-321; and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. ii., pp. 242, 261, 262. 
The work has been printed in Dehli, A.H. 
1267, and in Lucknow, A.H. 1281. 



265. 

Or. 3799. Foil. 233 ; 8 in. by 6 ; about 

26 lines, 4^ in- long ; written in cursive 

Neskhi; dated A.H. 10511053 (A.D. 

1 64143). [GLASEE, no. 85.] 



174 



LAW. 



I. Foil. 1 178. A commentary by Jalal 
al-Dln Muhammad B. Ahmad al-Mahalli 
(died A.H. 864) upon a Shafi'i treatise on 
Usul al-Fikh, entitled ^^U , by Taj al- 
Dm 'Abd al-Wahhab B. 'AH al-Subki al- 
Shafi'i (died A.H. 771), with the title : v^ 

xj 



Beg. 






See Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 610, and, for 
other copies, the Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., 
p. 143-44 ; Aumer, no. 360 ; the Paris 
Catalogue, nos. 803-4 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. ii., p. 250. 

II. Foil. 181186. A treatise on the 
names of animals mentioned in al-Hawi 
(probably j***$\ L?J^> by 'Abd al-Ghaffar 
al-Kazwmi, Haj. Khal., iii., p. 5) and other 
legal books, under the rubric S*l>!9\ < Aj, 
explained according to the dialect of Yemen, 
by Eadi al-Dln Ibn al-Khayyat. 



Beg. 




III. Foil. 187190. A metrical treatise 
(Urjuzah) on Usul al-Fikh, by Diya al-Dln 
Ibrahim B. Abi '1-Kasim Mutair, with this 
title : 



** 



Beg. U 

The title is conveyed in the following line : 



\JU9 



IV. Foil. 191232. The author's com- 
mentary on the preceding metrical treatise. 

Beg. . . 



The author says in the preface that al- 
Shafi'i was the first who wrote on the 
science of Usul al-Fikh, in a treatise ad- 
dressed to 'Abd al-Bahman B. al-Mahdi, 
and sent from Egypt to Khorasan. He 
mentions also the Tamhid of al-Isnawi (Haj. 
Khal., ii., p. 423), and its abridgment by al- 
Azrak in the 2nd Kism of his JSTafa'is. 

The MS. was written for Fakih Wajih al- 
Din 'Abd al-Eahim B. 'Abd al-Rahman B. 
al-Wali al-Nazili. 



Zaidi Works. 

266. 

Or. 3721. Foil. 138 ; 11$ in. by 8 ; 22 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Saturday, 10 Dulka'dah, A.H. 1089 (A.D. 
1678). [GLASBE, no. 5.] 



ft, 1& ^fl 



Continuation by Sayyid Abu 'Abdallah al- 
Mansur-billah Muhammad B. 'Izz al-Dln al- 
Hadi B. al-Muktadir billah Taj al-Din 
Ahmad, etc., of, a treatise on Usul al-Fikh, 
entitled al-Mukni'. 



Beg. sJj 



The author says that the best book written 
on the bases of jurisprudence was al- 
Mukni', by Imam al-Mu'tadid-billah al-Da'i 



USUL AL-FIKH. 



175 



B. al-Muhsin, which, however, was left un- 
finished by the author at his death. He 
had, therefore, been urged by a friend to 
complete it on the same plan. 

The original work was intended to treat 
of the following ten subjects: 1. 

2. voye&j f ^\ ; 3. uuU, J^" ; 4. 
5. ^~x^j **U\ ; 6. frr^ ; 7. j+J 
8. il^j-^j o-USN; 9. feb^]^; 10. 



The first five had been dealt with in the 
first and only completed volume of the 
original work. The present continuation 
contains five discourses, *^ treating of the 
last five subjects, namely : 6. fW*-^, fol. 2a ; 
7.jU^M, fol. 266; 8. d^^ u-UBt, fol. 596; 
9. *b^ jkJI, fol. 126a; 10. 
fol. 1306. 



The first author, Yahya B. al-Muhsin B. 
Mahfuz, a descendant of Imam al-Hadi 
Yahya B. al-Husain, claimed the Imamat, 
under the name of al-Mu'tadid billah, after 
the death of al-Mansur, A.H. 614, but his 
title was contested by the latter's son 
Muhammad. He died A.H. 636. See Ibn 
Ja'man, fol. 189, who mentions his work al- 
Mukni', and its continuation. 

The continuator's name and title are given 
in the title-page as follows : \*$\ ^t- 



J\ 



He belonged to the noble family of the 
Sadat al-Jibal, and lived about the close of 



the seventh century of the Hijrah. His 
grandfather Taj al-DIn Ahmad died A.H. 
644, and his paternal uncle Imam al-Mahdi 
Ibrahim B. Taj al-DIn Ahmad died A.H. 683. 
See al-Tarjuman, foil. 150 and 160. 



267. 

Or. 3795. Foil. 184 ; 12 in. by 7f ; written 
in fair, but sparely pointed, Neskhi ; dated 
(fol. 1196) Monday, 8 Ramadan, A.H. 1062 
(A.D. 1652). [GLASER, no. 80.] 

I. Foil. 5119 ; 15 lines, 4| in. long. 

A treatise on Usul al-Fikh, or the bases 
of jurisprudence, by Sayyid Sarim al-Din 
Ibrahim B. Muh. B. al-Hadi, called Ibn 
al-Wazir, who died A.H. 914 (v. Hidayat 
al-Afkar, Or. 3792), with the following title: 

J\ 



Beg. 

JLA- 



^ * Slalom 



The work consists of a Mukaddimah, deal- 
ing with preliminary notions and technical 
terms, and of the following Babs : y.5)\ 

fol. 24a; ^\, fol. 28a; f j*i3\, fol. 
0*y^\ fol. 356; ^JLJ), jlkJ^, fol. 42a ; 
J^ 1 , fol. 43a ; yrfjl, fol. 456; J^j*^, 
fol. 47a; *->^ c^U^i., fol. 486; .-Ul 
^-ill,, fol. 52; t Ur^, fol. 576; JUM1, 
fol. 636;^^, fol. 69a; ^UJl, fol. 83a; 



176 



LAW. 



, fol. 113a; 
Jjl^l, fol. 1156. 



, foL 104& ; 
, fol. 114a ; 



The author states at the end that he com- 
pleted the work on Monday, 19 Safar, A.H. 
879- This copy was taken from a transcript 
of the author's original MS. For another 
copy of the text see Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche 
Sammlung, no. 68, and for a gloss upon the 
same, ib., no. 180. 

II. Foil. 121180 ; 33 or 34 lines, 5J- in. 
long. 

A commentary upon the preceding work, 
by Lutf-allah B. al-Ghiyath, with the follow- 

ing title : j 

U AlN ti 



015211 



Beg. <j Ci ^AJ 



Shaikh Lutf-allah B. Muh. al-Ghiyath B. 
al-Shuja' al-Zaflri, an eminent scholar and 
prolific writer, died in al-Zafir, A.H. 1035. 
See Khulasat al-Athar, vol. iii., p. 303 ; Sirat 
al-Kasim, Or. 3329, fol. 39; and Bughyat 
al-Murid, Or. 3719, fol. 116, where the 
present commentary is mentioned among his 
numerous works. His contemporary, the 
author of Tib al-Samar, Or. 2428, foil. 160, 
calls him Shaikh Lutf-allah B. al-Mahdi B. 
al-Ghiyath. See also Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche 
Sammlung, no. 124. 

The commentary includes the text, written 
in red. It leaves out the preface, and extends 
from the beginning of the Mukaddimah to 
the sixth Fasl of ^Jl t_->l> (fol. 29 of the 
present MS.). It is stated at the end, that 
death stayed at that point the hand of the 
author. 



268. 

Or. 3993. Foil. 197 ; 12f in. by 8f ; 30 lines, 
5f in. long ; written in small cursive, almost 
unpointed, Neskhi; dated Friday, 16 Dul- 
ka'dah, A.H. 1161 (A.D. 1749). * 

[GLASEE, no. 287.] 

A full commentary upon the first treatise 
of the preceding volume, al-Fusul al-Lulu'iy- 
yah, by Sayyid al-Hasan B. Ahmad B. 
Muhammad al-Jalal, who died A.H. 1079 
(see Dau al-Nahar, Or. 3996), with this title: 



(_> 



Beg. 



The author wrote this commentary, as he 
states in a short preamble, for the use of his 
children, who wished to read the text with 
him, and with the object of correcting some 
weak points which he had noticed in the 
original work. The commentary includes 
the whole text, written in red. 



Copyist : 



^ Jf- ^ ^i 



269. 

Or. 3764. Foil. 199 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 6 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi ; 
dated Friday, 27 Shawwal, A.H. 1037 (A.D. 
1628). [GIASEE, no. 48.] 

A treatise on the bases of jurisprudence, 
by Sharaf al-Dln al-Husain B. Amir al- 
Muminin al-Kasim B. Muh. B. 'Ali, with 
this title : JUL^ .^\ s- j J^J^ *>} i 



USUL AL-FIKH. 



177 



JT 



*U1 JlW 



Beg. 



The author was the third son of Imam al- 
Mansur billah al-Kasim. He was born A.H. 
999, and died in Damar A.H. 1050. The 
present work, and the author's commentary 
upon it, entitled JyuN &>\**, are both men- 
tioned with praise in the notices of his life, 
Bughyat al-Murid, Or. 3719, foil. 114122, 
and Khuliisat al-Athar, vol. ii., p. 104. The 
author is mentioned in the former work, 
fol. 115, as a pupil of Shaikh Lutf-allah B. 
al-Ghiyath (v. no. 267, II.). 

The treatise is divided into an introduc- 
tion, fol. 116, and eight Maksads, treating of 
the following subjects ; I. u->txJ^ fol. 466 ; 

II. &J1, fol. 481; III. l^l, fol. 53; 



IV. i*\*jyA, fol. 636; V. o-LEH, fol. 1436; 
VI. U'jL-^j *\&?.y, fol. 1786 ; VII. JjUdl, 
fol. 1896 ; and VIII. JS.H ^, fol. 1966. 

Foil. 3 8 contain a chapter on particles, 
such as ^* Jy) U ( . re , etc., and their meaning 
in legal texts, ^^\\ <-Jjj>- (-yV- 1^ ^ s stated 
at the end to be extracted from a commen- 
tary by Musa B. Ahmad B. Yusuf al-Wisali 
al-Hamdani upon the Lutna' : k_UL> 



The work entitled &oaM 
Abu Ishak Ibrahim B. ( Ali 



B. 



is by 
Yusuf al- 



Shirazi, who died A.H. 476. It is men- 
tioned, as well as the author's commentary 
upon it, entitled ^-aJuU\, by al-Isnawi, Or. 
3037, fol. 926, and by Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, fol. 
446. See also Ibn Khallikan, vol. i., p. 9. 
Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 331, calls the author 
wrongly Ibrahim B. Muhammad. 



270. 

Or. 4019. Foil. 315 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 26 lines, 
4f in. long; written in fair, but sparely 
pointed*, Neskhi ; with red-ruled margins, 
apparently in the 17th century. 

[GLASEE, no. 321.] 

A voluminous gloss, by Kadi Sharaf al-Din 
al-Hasan B. Yahya B. Sailan, upon Hidayat 
al-'Ukul, a commentary written by Sayyid al- 
Husain B. al-Kasim, upon his own treatise 
on Usul al-Fikh, entitled Ghayat al-Sul (see 
the preceding no.). The following title is 
prefixed ; L^Uai- &.*>$ ^J\ ^yo^ {]> u* \ 



Beg. 



From the above, it appears that the gloss 
was written after the death of Sayyid al- 
Husain, which took place A.H. 1050 ; but 
probably not long after that date, for the 
present MS. can hardly be later than A.H. 
1100. A note on the title-page shows that it 
passed from the owner to his son, A.H. 112-4. 

The last four leaves have been supplied by 
a later hand, dating A.H. 1028 (read 1128). 

A A 



178 



LAW. 



STATUTES OF THE LAW 
(AL-FURTP). 

Hanafis. 

271. 

Or. 3617. Foil. 125 ; 7f in. by 5| ; 23 lines, 
3 in. long; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
A.H. 1076 (A.D. 1665-66). 

[G. C. RENOUABD.] 



A treatise on the legal prescriptions con- 
cerning taxation, tithes, legal alms, etc., 
written, in answer to the inquiries of Harun 
al-Rashid, by Abu Yusuf Ya'kub B. Ibrahim 
al-Hanafi (the disciple of Abu Hamfah), 
who died A.H. 182. See Ibn Khallikan, De 
Slane's translation, vol. iv., p. 272, and 
Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 79. 



Beg. ^ 

lib A\ JIW 



* 



J\ 



The work has been printed at Bulak, 
A.H. 1302. Other copies are noticed in the 
Paris Catalogue, nos. 2452-53, and in the 
Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 123. 

The copyist, Muhammad al- Mudarris, was, 
as it appears from a note on the first page, a 
teacher attached to the Madrasah of Ayyub, 
Constantinople. 

This MS. belonged to Dr. John Lee. See 
his catalogue, no. 32. 

272. 

Or. 3095. Foil. 143 ; 9f in. by 7. 

[KEE-MEE, no. 105.] 



I. Foil. 1128; 27 lines, 5 in. long; 
written in neat Neskhi, with frequent omis- 
sion of diacritical points, apparently in the 
13th century. 

A commentary by Iftikhar al-Dln Abu 
Hashim 'Abd al-Muttalib B. al-Fadl B. { Abd 
al-Muttalib B. al-Husain al-Hashimi, upon 
the Corpus of Hanafi law, entitled al-Jami e 
al-Kablr, by Muhammad B. al- Hasan al-Shai- 
bani (see Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 564). 

The following title is prefixed by the same 
hand as the text : *l 



*t 



The first three words have been purposely 
erased, but are still faintly visible. 



The author of al-Jami' al-Kabir, Abu 
'Abdallah Muh. B. al-Hasan B. Farkad, a 
Maula of the Banu Shaiban, was a disciple of 
Abu Hanifah and of Abu Yusuf. He was born 
in Wasit, A.H. 132, and died in Rai, A.H. 189. 
See Sam'ani, fol. 342ft ; .the Fihrist, p. 203 ; 
and Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's version, 
vol. ii., p. 590. 

The commentator, a Sayyid born in Balkh, 
A.H. 539, settled in Halab, where he taught 
in the Madrasat al-Halawiyym, and died 
A.H. 616. See Abu Shamah, Or. 1539, 



HANAFI FURTJ'. 



170 



fol. 8 ; Mir'at al-Zaman, Add. 23,279, fol. 
1555; Ibn Kutlubuga, p. 26, no. 106; and 
Haj. Khal., I.e., p. 566. 

After dwelling on the importance of a 
knowledge of the divine law, as handed 
down by inspired doctors, the commentator 
describes the Jami' al-Kablr of Muh. B. al- 
Hasan al-Shaibani as a book that had never 
been equalled. Although many of the learned 
had commented upon it at length, he deter- 
mined to write himself a commentary of 
moderate extent, holding a middle course 
between the extremes of conciseness and 
prolixity. 

The commentary, which does not include 
the text, begins as follows : aw 



Jj J-J\ 



LJSj, JU;i 



The sections relating to prayer and legal 
alms are followed by ^1*^1 1 u-'ltf', or book 
of oaths, which begins fol. 19a, and _O t-jlj^, 
or book of marriage, which begins at fol. 105a, 
and occupies the remainder of the volume. 

The rubric of the last section is ; 



At the end is written by another hand : 
j>&\ U CJ i w * Jj^ ^U? 5 ^ J 

A copy of the Jami' al-Kabir, and the 2nd 
volume of the commentary of Iftikhar al- 
Din al-Hashimi are noticed in the Khedive's 
Library, vol. iii., pp. 34, 67. 

A metrical version of the Jami' al-Kabir, 
written A.H. 515, by Ahmad B. Abi '1- 
Muayyad al-Mahmudi al-Nasafi, is mentioned 
by De Slane, Paris Catalogue, no. 820, and 
by Rosen, Notices Sommaires, no. 104. 



II. Foil. 129142 ; 17 lines, 5 in. long ; 
written in rather cursive and angular Neskhi, 
apparently in the 14th century. 



A commentary by al-Haj Muhammad B. 
'Abd al-Rahman B. Auba' (?) al- Janadi, upon 
a metrical treatise on the errors of recitation 
which invalidate the legal prayer, entitled 
Zallat al-Kari, by Burhan al-Din Ahmad B. 
Abi Hafs B. Yusuf al-Farabi. 

The. following contemporary title is pre- 
fixed: CA.^ i) 



,\>j\ ^ 

The metrical treatise, which is included 
entire in the commentary, begins as follows : 



It was composed A.H. 570. The date, 
the title and the author's name appear in 
the epilogue : 



ULU\ 



JLJ\ oJi 

r-^ 



!_fl-a 




The commentary begins 

^^4 ] ^ii 

A A 2 



U\ 



180 



LAW. 



isLoU 



The commentator was evidently a Hanafi, 
as well as the author of the text. He refers 
frequently to the authority of Abu Hamfah 
and his disciple Abu Yusuf. The poem has 
been divided by him into a number of short 
sections, headed t-^b, the first of which is 



Two works on the same subject are noticed 
by Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 541, under (jj&\ 2j. 
See also the Persian Catalogue, p. 350a, and 
Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, nos. 571 75. 

Among some miscellaneous notes and 
extracts, which occupy the last three pages 
of the MS., is an entry relating to the birth 
of a son, A.H. 778. 

273. 

Or. 2407. Foil. 190 ; 10 in. by 7 ; 25 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in free Neskhi, leaning 
to Nestalik; dated Shawwal, A.H. 960 
(A.D. 1553). [SHAPIBA.] 



A commentary by Husam al-Din Burhan 
al-A'immah Abu '1-Ma'ali 'Umar B. Burhan 
al-Din 'Abd al-'Aziz B. 'Umar B. 'Abd al- 
'Aziz, upon the Adab al-Kadi, or " the 
Judge's rule of conduct," a Hanafi treatise, 
by Abu Bakr Ahmad B. 'Amr al-Khassaf , with 

the following title : 



Beg. J\5 



) Jxi*i)! 

U jJJ' ^.t?-j HxJ <lU\ 
^JJi J\ 

The above short preamble is followed by a 
full table of the hundred and twenty Babs 
of which the original work consists. (There 
are 122 Babs in the body of the work.) 
Then comes an introductory chapter by the 
commentator upon the nature of the Kadi's 
office, LaSJ), and on the qualifications required 
for its proper dischai'ge. 

The first Bab begins, fol. 7, as follows : 



Jl 

The text of the original work is only 
occasionally quoted, such passages being in 
some instances preceded by }J +s- ^ ^o-\ J\i", 
or by i_- jLaat^ J15 

Abu Bakr Ahmad B. 'Amr (or 'Umar) B. 
Muhair al-Shaibani al-Khassaf died A.H. 261. 
See Fihrist, p. 206 ; Kutlubuga, no. 12 ; 
and Hammer, Literaturgesch., vol. iv., p. 145. 
A copy of his Adab al-Kadi, with a commen- 
tary (occasionally quoted in the present 
work) by Abu Bakr Ahmad B. 'Ali al-Eazi 
al-Jassas, who died A.H. 370, is noticed in 
the Leyden Catalogue, no. 1777. 

The commentator, known as Burhan al- 
A'immah, or al-Sadr al-Shahid, was born 
A.H. 483. He fell into the hands of the 
Turks who captured Sultan Sinjar, and was 
put to death A.H. 536. See Kutlubuga, 



HANAFI FURU'. 



181 



no. 139, and the Kamil, vol. xi., p. 57. The 
present commentary is stated by Haj. Khal., 
vol. i., p. 220, to be the most commonly 
used. A copy is mentioned with the title 

a,>6 *.fl j &*a>\ ~.j2>, in the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., p. 72. 

In the colophon the original date 
has been altered to 



274. 

Or. 4284. Foil. 159 ; 8 in. by 6 ; about 
13 lines, 4|- in. long ; written in cursive 
Neskhi; dated 12 EaW I, A.H. 1121 
(A.D. 1709). 

[BUDGE.] 



A compendium of law according to the 
Hanafi school, by Abu'l-Husain Ahmad B. 
Muh. al-Kuduri (d. A.H. 428). 



Beg. 



. 



.1 U JU3 A\ Jli' 
J\ f&>j?-j \jL-s-U S 

The spaces between the lines, as well as 
the margins, are crowded with glosses. 

Copyist ; ^>,sil i_*jyoi- ^1 yU**" 

The work has been lithographed in Lahore, 
A.H. 1287; Lucknow, A.D. 1876; Bombay, 
A.H. 1303 ; Dehli, A.H. 1305 ; and printed 
in Constantinople, A.H. 1281. For MSS. 
see Loth, no. 202 ; Pertsch, no. 994 ; the 
Paris Catalogue, nos. 827 834 ; and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 127. 

275. 

Or. 1031. Foil. 195 ; 8 in. by 4J ; 25 and 
23 lines, 2f in. long ; written in neat Nes- 



talik, with red-ruled margins; with dates 
ranging from Sha'ban, A.H. 1059, to the 
6th of Dulhijjah, A.H. 1067 (A.D. 1649- 
1657). 

I. Foil. 1117. 21U1 *& 

Talibat al-Talabah, a glossary of terms 
used in the Hanafi books of law, arranged 
according to the usual division of legal 
works, by Abu Hafs 'Urnar B. Muh. B. 
Ahmad al-Nasafi, who died A.H. 537. See 
Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 165. 



Beg. 



Uflxi Ju* 



j aj 



There is no preface, nor does the title or the 
author's name appear in the text. But the 
above title is written in the hand of the 
transcriber at the top of the first page, and 
there is in the upper margin of the second 
page a short notice of the author, from the 
jUi>-^\ <_JU>j\ in which the Talibat al-Tala- 
bah is mentioned among his works. The 
same title appears also, at the head of the 
list, in the biographical notice of the author, 
Ibn Kutlubuga, p. 34, no. 140. 

The fly-leaf contains a table of the divi- 
sions termed Kitab, the order of which is 
followed in the glossary. The first is t 
\, the last, L 



II. Foil. 118157. A treatise on legal 
ordinances applying to peculiar classes of 
persons, or to special cases, by Abu '1- 'Abbas 
Ahmad B. Muh. al-Natifi al-Tabari, with the 
following title, written by the same hand as 
the text : <jJj*M ^ f U^J ^3)1 J J4 1 ^^ 

JiLttM 

Beg. y> 



182 



LAW. 



*i 






J\ 



The author, only designated in the text as 
Abu '!-' Abbas, is named in full in the follow- 
ing notice, fol. 120a : 



Ibn Kutlubuga states also, p. 6, no. 16, 
that he died in Rai, A.H. 446. The same 
date is given by al-Dahabi, Ta'rikh al-Islam, 
Or. 49, fol. 209, who adds to the author's 
name al-Jurjani al-Hanafi. Haj. Khal. 
notices the present work under J-^, vol. L, 
p. 176, and under -^\ XU>, vol. ii., p. 622. 



The work is divided into unnumbered sec- 
tions of very unequal length. The first, 
which has no heading, relates to the ordin- 
ances concerning women. The subsequent 
sections relate to the following classes of 
persons : children, yU-j^oM Jb*\, fol. 128 ; 
male and female slaves, f\*$\j j.JUk*J\ p&*'\, 
fol. 131a; drunkards, L s J '~l\ *&>\, fol. 135a; 
persons acting under compulsion, tjjfc^ |^=>^> 
fol. 1356; insane, (j?^ ^\, fol. 1366; 
persons who have disappeared, ^j^ll *Ks-1, 
fol. 1376 ; wives who have borne children, 
fol. 139a, etc. 



In the Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 3, 
the work is called ,JilUJ\ ..K^, and stated 
to consist of 28 Babs. 

III. Foil. 159195. The well-known 
treatise of Siraj al-Dm Muh. B. Muh. al- 
Sajawandi on the law of inheritance, (_>o5\jSiS\ 
L*-\j~3\. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 409 ; 
Loth, no. 239 ; and Pertsch, no*. 1099. 



The text of this last tract is written in a 
larger character than the preceding, with 11 
lines in a page. The margins are covered 
with extensive notes in a minute handwriting. 
They are taken from the commentary entitled 
al-Minhaj, by Shams al-Dm Mahmud B. Abi 
Bakr B. Abi 'l-'Ala al-Kulabadi al-Bukhari, 
who died A.H. 700 (v. Ibn Kutlubuga, p. 52, 
no. 210, and Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 404), and 
from a supercommentary upon the Minhaj, 



The transcriber, Ahmad B. al-Haj Hasan 
al-Sara'i, describes himself in one colophon, 
fol. 1946, as dwelling in one of the eight 
Madrasahs (of Constantinople), A.H. 1059, 
and in another, fol. 117i, as Kadi of Deh- 
pul, A.H. 1067. 

276-7. 

Or. 1108 and 1109. Two uniform volumes, 
consisting respectively of foil. 261 and 236 ; 
14^ in. by 8 ; 27 lines, 5|- in. long ; written 
in plain Neskhi, apparently in the 18th 
century. [WAKBEN HASTINGS.] 

Two detached volumes of al-Mabsut, an 
extensive work on the Furu' of the Hanafis, 
by Shams al-A'immah Fakhr al-Islam Abu 
Bakr Muhammad [B. Ahmad] Ibn Abi Sahl 
al-Sarakhsi. 

The following title is prefixed to the first 
volume : 



The author's name is repeated in the same 
form at the beginning of every book. It is 
related that, in consequence of some bold 
words of rebuke addressed to the prince, he 
had been confined in a well in Uzjand, and 
that there he dictated the present work from 
memory to his disciples standing round the 



HANAFI FURU'. 



1-3 



mouth of the pit. See Ibn Kutlubugha, 
Fliigel's edition, p. 38, no. 157, and the 
Vienna Catalogue, vol. iii., p. 201. 

After his release the author proceeded to 
Ferghanah, where he died about A.H. 500. 
Other dates are assigned to his death, viz. 
A.H. 490, by Ibn al-Hinna'i, Add. 23,363, 
fol. 32, and A.H. 483, by Haj. Khal., vol. v., 
p. 363. The last author says in another 
place, vol. v., p. 22, that the Mabsut is a 
commentary on the Kafi, ^aiU cjy ,j (jKM, 
of al-Hakim al-Shahid [Abu '1-Fadl] Muh. B. 
Muh. [B. Ahmad al-Marwazi], who was put 
to death A.H. 334 (v. Ibn al-Hiuua'i, fol. 
286, and the Khedive's Library, vol. iii., 
p. 101). 

The extent of the Mabsut is variously 
estimated at ten, fourteen, or fifteen, volumes. 
The present MSS. appear to have formed 
part of a copy in nine volumes. We read at 
the end of Or. 1108, 



A MS. dated A.H. 1150, described by 
Loth, no. 204, and formerly belonging also 
to Hastings, probably formed a part of the 
same set. 

Or. 1108, designated as vol. viii., begins : 

J W &N J^> M and 



JSU5\ 



contains the following books : 
Fol. 16. 
Fol. 92a. 
Fol. 177 a. 
Fol. 1936. 
Foil. 2006 261a. . 

It is stated at the end that the next book 
was to be ^.jo^ ^A*^ i_AJLi'. At the be- 
ginning of JSUn t-\^/ it is said that the 
author dictated that Kitab on Wednesday, 
the 14th of RabP II., A.H. 466. 

Or. 1109, a previous volume of the same 



work, is imperfect at beginning and end. It 
begins abruptly : C<otf ^j lo^ \iofcj* jt>j 
Je. g-j> ^yij jts- l~*. ^3. The first 
rubric extant, fol. 11 a, is: ^^ (Jj v*b 
ji^j. It belongs, like the preceding pages, 
to ^jh v_>\l/. The subsequent books are : 

Fol. 486. 
Fol. 1086. 
Fol. 164a. 
Fol. 1796. 
Fol.'l93a. 
Fol. 233a. 



The last book ends abruptly in a passage 
beginning : *&> l ^ 7 >\ Jy ^ t-^liij^ J , J 



_*j--^ jf 



Another volume of the Mabsut is noticed 
by Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, no. 997. A 
complete copy in ten volumes is described, 
with extracts from the preface, in the 
Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 108. 

278. 

Or. 4214. Foil. 131 ; 6 in. by 4 ; 9 lines, 
2 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, apparently 
in the 17th century. [LANE.] 

A short manual of Hanafi law, with this 
title : 



Beg. 

s vj&v 

U L 



184 



LAW. 



This is evidently the work mentioned in 
the Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 81, under 
the title of ^^siL^lj ^^uN 'i^f-, and ascribed 
to al-Sadr al-Shahid. 

The jurist thus designated is the author of 
( _^olo)\ <-jS\ -jZ>, no. 273, namely, Husam 
al-Dm Burhiin al-A'immah 'Umar B. 'Abd 
al-'Aziz B. Mazah, who was put to death 
A.H. 536. The present work is in all pro- 
bability substantially identical with the *&* 
i^jl^iM of the same author mentioned by Haj. 
Khal., vol. iv., p. 262, although the initial 
words there quoted do not agree with those 
of our MS. 

An anonymous MS. with the same be- 
ginning, dated A.H. 858, is described by 
Pertsch, no. 1041. 

The work deals with ablutions, fol. 2b } 
and with prayer, the latter section beginning 
fol. 426 with &AflM &> <~>\J. Then come the 
following Kitabs: t^H, fol. 926; fy aS\, 
fol. 99; U fol. llOa; ^\, fol. 113a ; 
U,J1, fol. 129a ; and j^W, fol. 180&. The 
last Kitab breaks off on the third page. 

279. 

Or. 2331. Foil. 239 ; 10J in. by 6J ; 29 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in minute and neat 
Turkish Nestalik, with a 'Unwan ; dated 25 
Dulhijjah, A.H. 986 (A.D. 1579). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

Glosses upon the Hidayah and its com- 
mentary al-'Inayah, by Sa'd Allah B. 'Isa; 
collected and edited by his disciple 'Abd al- 
Rahman. See Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 485. 

Beg. H$i 5)_, *Aj$ 



After extolling the learning and various 



merits of his late patron, Sa'd [Allah] B. 
'Isa B. Amir Khan, the editor says of him 
that he was in the habit of covering the 
margins of his books with notes. "When he 
was raised to the office of Mufti, he collected 
his notes to the Tafsir of al-Baidawi into a 
book, but died soon after. The editor, who 
was then Kadi of Adrianople, came some 
time later, in the train of the Sultan, to 
Constantinople, succeeded in securing his 
late master's copies of the Hidayah and the 
'Inayah, both copiously annotated, and col- 
lected those notes in the present work. 

The Hidayah, the popular text-book of the 
Hanafi school, is the work of Burhan al-Din 
'Ali B. Abi Bakr al-Marghlnani, who died 
A.H. 593 (Ibn Kutlubuga, p. 31, no. 124). 
Akmal al-Din Muhammad B. Muh. B. Mali- 
mud al-Babarti, author of the 'Imlyah, was 
born in Egypt a few years after A.H. 710, 
and died as Shaikh of the monastery called 
al-Shaikhuniyyah, Cairo, A.H. 786. See 
Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 53, and al-Durar al- 
Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 1276. 

The author of the present gloss, Sa'd 
Allah B. 'Isa, better known as Sa'di Efencli, 
succeeded Ibn Kama! Pasha as Shaikh al- 
Islam, A.H. 940, and died in that office, 
A.H. 945. See Takwim al-Tawarikh, p. 182. 
His disciple, 'Abd al-Eahman B. Sayyid 'Ali 
al-Amasi, survived his master many years, 
and was twice raised to the Seraskierate of 
Rumili, A.H. 95864 and A.H. 981. He 
died shortly after his deposition from that 
office, A.H. 983. See Dail al-Shaka'ik, 
Add. 18,519, fol. 99, and Takwim al- 
Tawarikh, p. 188. 

The notes extend to the Hidayah and its 
commentary from beginning to end. The 
passages of the former are preceded by the 
words t_xU J\* in red ink, those of the 
latter by the word 5y, also in red ink. A 
copy of the same gloss is mentioned in the 
Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 37. 



HANAFI FURU'. 



280. 

Or. 4305. Foil. 107 ; 7J in. by 5 ; 15 lines, 
3f in. long; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 15th century. [BnoGE.J 

A treatise on the drawing up of legal 
documents, by Zahlr al-Dln al-Marghlnani. 



Beg. 



This is the second part of the author's 
Fatawa (Haj.'Khal., iv., p. 368). It treats 
of Shurut, or legal instruments, in eleven 
chapters. The author is evidently identical 
with Zahir al-Dm Hasan B. 'Ali al-Marghi- 
nani mentioned by Haj. Khal., vol. iv., 
p. 46, among those who wrote on Shurut. 
His full name is Zahlr al-Dln Abu '1-Mahasin 
al-Hasan B. 'Ali B. 'Abd al-'Aziz al-Mar- 
ghmani. He lived about A.H. 600, and was 
looked upon as the first of the 'Ulama of 
his time. See Ibn Kutlubuga, no. 59, and 
p. 153, note 474. 

The eleven chapters, a table of which is 
given at the beginning, have the following 
headings : I. oUlN, j j, fol. 16 ; II. j 
n, fol. 86 ; III. JJLJ^J jiJ\ j 
fol. 13a ; IV. 1>J&\ J, fol. 155 ; 
^ J, fol. 35a ; VI. J 
, fol. 48; VII. O^laO^ ^i 
fol. 526 ; VIII. s+~&\ J, fol. 59a ; 

cj,^!? ^ li '^^!5 ^^ J, fol. 60a; 
X. cJlS,^ ^, fol. 666 ; XI. f *~$\ ^ J, 
fol. 695. 

The first chapter is of some philological 
value ; it contains the terms used in legal 
documents for describing the age and bodily 



V. 



features of men and animals. The last 
chapter comprises a great number of models 
of legal deeds. It is imperfect at the end. 

281. 

Or. 4286. Foil. 250 ; 9| in. by Of ; 23 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 14th century. [BUDGE.] 



uA\ [^xjoij +i+. ,..;! &x; 



A work on Hanafi Furu', by Najm al-Din 
Abu'l : Raja Mukhtar B. Mahmud al-Ziihidi 
al-Ghizmini, who died A.H. 658 (Haj. Khal., 
iv., p. 572, and Ibn Kutlubuga, no. 223). 



J^^ ttqu ^ JJLaflSl 



The author says in the preface, that he 
extracted the present work from the treatise 
entitled \$ai)\ Lj*, by his master Fakhr al- 
Dm Abu Mansur al-'Arabi (or rather, Fakhr 
al-Dln Bad!' B. Abi Mansur al-'Iraki ; see 
Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 226). 

The MS. is imperfect at the end ; it breaks 
off at the 8th line of the ob.li^ 1 Utf. 
From a table of chapters prefixed, it appears 
to have lost the following books : 
and 



For other copies see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 11 7a; Aumer, no. 288; Rosen, Notices 
Sommaires, no. 116; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. iii., p. 99. 

282. 

Or. 3099. Foil. 149 ; 9^ in. by 6 ; 9 lines, 

3^ in. long ; written in a cursive Turkish 

B B 



186 



LAW. 



hand; dated Erzerum, A.H. 973 (A.D. 
1565-6). [KEEMEE, no. 109.] 

A manual of Hanafi Furu', wrongly en- 
dorsed wlij t_\i 

Beg. 



There is no author's name. Another title, 
and probably the true one, is found in the 

colophon : j 



According to this, we have here the work 
entitled i/y&J j\3*r'. Its author, Majd al- 
Dm Abu '1-Fadl 'Abdallah B. Mahmud B. 
Maudud Ibn Baldaji al-Mausili, was born 
in al-Mausil A.H. 599, was appointed Kadi 
of Kufah, and afterwards teacher in the 
Madrasah attached to the monument of Abu 
Han if ah, Baghdad. He died in the latter 
office in Muharram, A.H. 683. He had 
composed al-Mukhtar lil-Fatwa in his youth, 
and, later in life, he wrote a commentary 
upon it entitled ^11^ JjJjd J \jJ_i-^\. See 
Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 53, fol. 19 ; Ibn Kutlu- 
buga, p. 23, no. 88 ; and Haj. Khal., vol. v., 
p. 436. 

The present copy leaves out the preface, 
beginning at once with the book of purifica- 
tion. It ends with the book of inheritance, 



For copies of the Mukhtar and its com- 
mentary, see the Catalogues of Leyden, 
vol. iv., p. 126; Munich, nos. 29094; 
Paris, nos. 87579 ; Loth, no. 238 ; Gotha, 
nos. 1009 1011 ; and the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., pp. 3 and 126. 



283. 

Or. 2329. Foil. 119 ; 8f in. by 6 ; 13 lines, 



3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; ap- 
parently in the 18th century. 

[Presented by Cot. S. B. MILES.] 

Another copy of al-Mukhtar lil-Fatwa, 
with the preface, which begins : ^ 



The author's name does not appear. On 
the first page is written by a later hand 
JjlyM O^liai* (-j\Ji^, and in the preface 
another wrong title, ^Ai-oN *lU, has been 
substituted for the original writing, which is 
completely erased. 

The MS. breaks off two pages after the 
beginning of blojM <~Xif, in a passage cor- 
responding with fol. 147a, line 9, of the pre- 
ceding copy. The following spurious colo- 
phon has been added : **U; <_s*~U <-J^>\ *> 

vr 1 



284. 

Or. 4289. Foil. 274 ; 9J in. by 7J ; 7 lines, 
3J in. long ; written in Neskhi, apparently 
in the 18th century. [BuDQE.] 



A compendium of Hanafi Furu', by Mu- 
zaffir al-Dm Ahmad B. 'Ali B. Taghlib Ibn 
al-Sa'ati al-Baghdadi al-Ba'labakki, who died 
A.H. 694. See Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 396, 
and Ibn Kutlubuga, no. 10. 

Beg. U . . . 



J\ 



The work begins with 
ends with 



_->liX and 



For other copies see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 117ft; Uri, nos. 213, 268; Aumer, 
no. 295 ; Loth, no. 249 ; Pertsch, no. 1012 ; 
Paris, no. 881 ; and the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., p. 109. 



HANAFI FURU'. 



187 



285. 



Or. 1194. Foil. 138 ; 10J in. by 6f ; 11 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in cursive and close 
Neskhi by a Turkish hand, apparently in the 
16th century. [ALEX. JABA.] 



The well-known manual of Hanafi Furu', 
called al- Wikayah. 



Beg. 



-Jill 



J^Oj 



Jl 



ousg UJ <wbl 

The author, whose name is not found in 
this copy, is Burhan al-Sharl'ah Mahmud B. 
Sadr al-Shari'ah 'Ubaid Allah B. Mahmud 
al-Mahbubi, who lived in the seventh century 
of the Hijrah. See Fliigel, Ibn Kutlubuga, 
p. 115, note 378, and Haj. Khal., vol. vi., 
p. 458. 

The margins are covered with notes 
written in a minute character, and extracted 
from various commentaries, especially from 
jjjjyJl, the author of which was, according to 
Haj. Khal., I.e., Zain al-Din Junaid B. Sandal 
al-Hanafi. A table of chapters by a later 
hand occupies three pages at the beginning. 

For other copies of the Wikayah and its 
commentary Sadr al-Shari'ah, see the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 1196 ; the Leyden Catalogue, 
vol. iv., p. 120; Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, 
no. 1024 ; Loth, nos. 31928 ; De Slane, 
Paris Catalogue, nos. 905-6 ; and the Khe- 
dive's Library, vol. iii., p. 148. 

286. 

Or. 1195. Foil. 246; 8J in. by 6; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in small cursive Neskhi, 
apparently in the 16th century. 

[ALEX. JABA.] 

Another copy of the Wikayah, with a 



Turkish paraphrase. See the Turkish Cata- 
logue, p. 15a. 

287. 

Or. 3683. Foil. 267; 10in.by6i; 17 lines, 
3$ in. long; written in a Persian Neskhi, 
leaning to Nestalik, apparently in the 17th 
century. [BtJDGE.] 



The well-known commentary of Sadr al- 
Shari'ah 'Ubaid Allah B. Mas'ud al-Mahbubi 
upon the Wikayah, a treatise of Hanafi law, 
by his maternal grandfather, Burhan al- 
Shari'ah Mahmud B. 'TJbaid Allah al-Mah- 
bubi. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 119i. 

Beg. 



Jl i^JJl 

Notices of both writers are given by Ibn 
Kutlubuga ; see nos. 118, 216, and note 378. 
In an anonymous notice, Or. 3328, fol. 201, 
it is stated that Sadr al-Sharl'ah died about 
A.H. 750, while in the Khedive's Library 
a precise date, A.H. 745, is assigned to his 
death. 

For MSS. and printed editions see Pertsch, 
Gotha Catalogue, no. 1024 ; De Slane, Paris 
Catalogue, nos. 908 913 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. iii., p. 71. 

A table of contents has been supplied by 
a later hand, as well as the first six and the 
last six folios of the text. There are 
numerous marginal annotations. 

288. 

Or. 4290. Foil. 122 ; 8|in. by6|; 15 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in plain Neskhi ; dated 
Mossul, Friday,Rajab, A.H. 1108(A.D. 1697). 

[B0DGE.] 
B B 2 



188 



LAW. 



A compendium of Hanafi Furu', by Hafiz 
al-DIn Abu '1-Barakat 'Abdallah B. Ahmad 
B. Mahmud al-Nasafi, who died A.H. 710. 
See Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 249, and Ibn 
Kutlubuga, no. 86. 



Beg. 



jel 



The work begins with s/$la5\ i >V^, and 
ends with (ja*\j& i_Ai/. It has been printed 
in Dehli, A.H. 1287, in Bombay, A.H. 1294 
and 1297, and in Lucknow, A.D. 1874 and 
1877. For MSS. see the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 119a, 4176 ; the Ley den Catalogue, 
no. 1830 ; Pertsch, no. 1013 ; Loth, no. 255 ; 
the Paris Catalogue, no. 891 ; the Khedive's 
Library, vol. iii., p. 105, etc. 



Copyist : 



>.1M 

289. 



Or. 3092. Foil. 76 ; 8 in. by 5; 23 lines, 
3f in. long; written in coarse Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 19th century. 

[KREMER, no. 102.] 

Another copy of the Kanz al-Daka'ik. 

290. 

STOWE, Or. 4. Foil. 68; 7f in. by 5; 
15 lines, 3|- in. long ; written in Neskhi, 
apparently in the 17th century. 



The well-known treatise of Sadid al-DIn 
al-Kashghari on the ordinances relating to 
ablution and prayer, according to the Hanafi 
school. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 8S&, 
and for other copies the Catalogues of 
Leyden, vol. iv., p. 125; Upsala, no. 442; 
Berlin, no. 3542; Gotha, no. 766; Paris, 



nos. 1132 38 (the first of these is said to 
be of the 14th century) ; Marsigli Collection, 
nos. 206 15 ; the Khedive's Library, vol. 
iii., p. 139, vol. vii., p. 407, etc. 

The work has been lithographed in Bom- 
bay, A.H. 1302, and, with marginal notes 
extracted from al-Halabi's commentary, in 
Dehli, A.D. 1873, and in Lahore, A.D. 1876. 
The text with the last-named commentary 
has been printed in Constantinople, 1878. 

291-2. 

Or. 4300-4301. Two uniform volumes, con- 
sisting respectively of foil. 136 and 148 ; 
85- in. by 6 ; 17 lines, 4J in. long ; written in 
large and rude Neskhi ; dated Monday, 4 Dul- 
hijjah, A.H. 1177 (A.D. 1764). [BUDGE.] 

An abridgment by Ibrahim B. Muh. al- 
Halabi (d. A.H. 956) of his own commentary 
upon the preceding work. 



Beg. 




The extensive commentary is entitled 
Ljs- (v. Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 228; 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 89a ; Khedive's 
Library, vol. iii., p. 86, etc.). The abridg- 
ment has no special title, although in the 
present copy it bears the heading : ixii 



For other copies see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 89, no. 133 ; Pertsch, no. 766 ; the Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 3544 ; Leyden, no. 1813 ; 
Paris, nos. 1149 51 ; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., p. 69, etc. 



HANAFI FURU'. 



The contents of the first volume correspond 
with foil. 1 124 of the complete copy, 
Add. 7256. The second completes the work. 

Copyist : 



293. 

Or. 4212. Foil. 299 ; 8 } in. by & ; 19 lines, 
8 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Wednesday, 5 Rabi' II., A.H. 1162 (A.D. 
1749). [LANE.] 

Another copy of the preceding work. 



294. 

Or. 4211. Foil. 113 ; 8| in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi in the 
18th century. [LANE.] 



ojj 

A commentary upon the Shurut al-Salat, 
a manual on the legal prescriptions relating 
to prayer, according to the Hanafi school. 

Beg. J 



X~*>- 

The commentator calls himself at the end, 
Ibrahim B. Hijazi al-Rashidi, and states that 
he completed the work in Dulka'dah, A.H. 
1161, in Misr al-Kahirah. He begins with 
a sketch of Muhammad's birth and genealogy, 
followed by a list of 75 works which he had 
consulted. 

The text, written in red ink, begins fol. 96, 
as follows: J^\ Li^ SLoM k i__>b 



Then come the following main divisions : 
Fol. 24 J. 



j u^g U 



Fol. 43J. 

Fol. 516. 
Fol. 69ct. 

Fol. 896. ^ 

A few shorter sections relating to ablutions, 
supererogatory prayers, etc., complete the 
work. 

Similarly entitled treatises are mentioned 
without author's name, by Uri, no. 143, 3 , 
and Turk. MSS., no. 80, 3 ; Fleischer, 
Leipzig Catalogue, p. 4416 ; Flugel, Vienna 
Catalogue, no. 4, a ; Upsala, nos. 425, 427 ; 
Pertsch, no. 777, s ; Berlin, no. 3538 ; and 
the Khedive's Library, vol. vii., pp. 28, 29. 

The present commentator ascribes the 
text, fol. 1076, to Shams al-Dm al-Fanari, 
author of numerous and popular works. 
Shams al-Dm Muhammad B. Hamzah al- 
Fanari, the great Turkish scholar, died 
A.H. 834. See Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 299, 
and Shaka'ik, fol. 9. Among his writings 
mentioned by Haj. Khal. is a Mukaddimat 
al-Salat, vol. vi., p. 83, probably identical 
with the present work. 

A commentary with the same title and initial 
words as the present is attributed in the 
Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 42, to another 
author, namely, Muslih al-DIn Mustafa B. 
Hamzah B. Ibrahim B. Wall al-Dm, who 
lived in the eleventh century of the Hijrah, 
and was a disciple of Nuh Efendi, who 
died A.H. 1007. One of the three copies 
there mentioned is dated A.H. 1017. 

295. 

Or. 1192. Foil. 401 ; 8} in. by 4J ; 25 lines, 
2^ in. long ; written in minute and elegant 
Nestalik, with 'Unwan and gold-ruled margins; 
dated 24 Rajab, A.H. 1085 (A.D. 1674). 

[ALEX. JABA.] 



190 



LAW. 



A commentary by Muhammad B. Fara- 
marz B. 'All upon his own treatise on Hanafi 
Furii', entitled Ghurar al-Ahkam. See the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 1216, and Haj. Khal., 
vol. iv., p. 312. 

Beg. 



The author, better known as Menla Khus- 
rev, son of a Greek convert, and a celebrated 
legist, stood high in the favour of Sultan 
Muhammad the Conqueror, by whom he 
was appointed as second Kadi of Constanti- 
nople, and afterwards raised to the offices 
of Kadi 'l-'Askar and Mufti. He died in 
the capital, A.IL 885. See the Shaka'ik, 
fol. 41 a. His work, a popular text-book in 
Turkey, was printed, with a marginal gloss 
by Hasan B. 'Ammar al-Shurunbilali, Cairo, 
A.H. 1294. For MSS. see the Leyden 
Catalogue, vol. iv., p. 213 ; Aumer, no. 316 ; 
Rosen, Notices Sommaires, nos. 129 32 ; 
the Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 48 ; De 
Slane, Paris Catalogue, nos. 936 42, etc. 
The commentary was written, as stated by 
the author at the end, A.H. 877883. 

In the early part of the volume there are 
marginal notes, mostly from the commen- 
taries of Wani (Muh. B. Mustafa, d. A.H. 
1000) and of 'Azmi Zadah (Mustafa B. Plr 
Muh., d. A.H. 1040). See Haj. Khal., 
vol. iv., p. 315). 

A tabulated index occupies six pages at 
the beginning. 

Copyist: ^^ t, 



The last three folios contain a short 
treatise by the same author on the right 
of tutelage, exercised with regard to emanci- 



pated slaves by their masters, with the head- 
ing : *yj\ j 

Beg. uj^ 

<^)J* y'j JJO U . . . . yij^ (j 
&j3j<i *U Jl\jZ 

It is written by another hand, and dated 
A.H. 1181. 

The Risalah fil-Wila is mentioned in the 
Shaka'ik, I.e., as one of the works of Menla 
Khusrev. See also Haj. Khal., vol. iii., 
p. 455, where it is stated that the tract was 
written A.H. 873. Copies are mentioned in 
the Khedive's Library, vol. vii., pp. 611, 630. 

296. 

Or. 2330. Foil. 436 ; 8jin.by5f; 21 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in small and cursive 
Neskhi, with red -ruled margins, apparently 
in the 17th or early 18th century. 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

Another copy of the Durar al-Hukkam, 
with marginal notes, some of which are from 
the commentary of al-Shurunbilali (Hasan 
B. 'Ammar, d. A.H. 1069; Haj. Khal., 
vol. iv., p. 317). 

297. 

Or. 3682. Foil. 80; 8 in. by 6; written 
in small and cursive, but legible, Neskhi ; 
dated middle, of Jumada I., A.H. 1111 
(A.D. 1699). [BUDGE.] 



The well-known treatise on the Furu' 
according to the Hanafi school, by Ibrahim 
B. Muh. B. Ibrahim al-Halabi, who died 
A.H. 956. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 
122a, and, for other copies and printed 
editions, Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, no. 1032; 



HANAFI FTJRU'. 



191 



De Slane, Paris Catalogue, nos. 956 964 ; 
the Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 135 ; 
Rosen, Marsigli Collection, nos. 189 193, 
etc. 

A French translation has been published 
by M. H. Sauvaire, Marseille, 1882. 

A tabulated index of contents occupies 
four pages at the beginning. 

Copyist : ( J^>^ ^/> u 

298. 

Or. 4292. Foil. 206 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 15 lines, 
3| in. long ; written in Neskhi, A.H. 1230 
(A.D. 1815). [BODGE.] 

Another copy of the Multaka '1-Abhur. 

299. 

Or. 1110. Foil. 844 ; 10f in. by 6f ; 17 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, apparently 
in India in the 18th century. 

[WARDEN HASTINGS.] 



ends with ^'IM u-j^ t_ r >lL*'. It corresponds 
with pp. 1 535 of vol. iii. of the Calcutta 
edition. The second, foil. 447 843, begins 
with L$\ <_->liX and ends with t_>a!\ t-^lJLS . 
It corresponds with pp. 520 759 of vol. iv., 
and pp. 1 247 of vol. v. of the same 
edition. 

The last book is slightly imperfect at the 
end. The MS. breaks off in the paragraph 
beginning : buS &a-\ li\ ix*? jfa. See vol. v., 
p. 247, line 14. 

There is a table of chapters occupying 
two pages at the end. 

For MSS. and printed editions see ^ 
, Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 93. 



A volume of al-Fatawa al-'Alamglriyyah, 
a vast compilation of legal opinions by 
Hanafi doctors, collected and arranged under 
the usual headings, by order of the Emperor 
'Alamgir (Aurang/Ib), by Shaikh Nizam and 
other Indian jurists. 

The work was written in the early part of 
the reign of Aurangzib, and is mentioned in 
the 'Alamglr Namah, Bibliotheca Indica, 
pp. 1086-87. It has been printed in Cal- 
cutta, A.H. 1243, in six volumes, and in 
Cairo, A.H. 1282. 

The present volume, which is endorsed 
tfjj^lp i/j& \\ cJ J^, consists of two 
detached portions of the work. The first, 
foil. 1446, begins with i-*M i li/, and 



300. 

Or. 1111. Foil. 677; 9fm.by7; 19 lines, 
5 in. long; written in Neskhi by several 
hands, apparently in India in the 18th 
century. [WAEEEN HASTINGS.] 

The last volume of the same work, be- 
ginning with iil5\ \te^, and ending with 



The MS. is imperfect at beginning and 
end. According to the original folioing, it 
has lost the first three leaves. It begins with 
J\ JuJ\ ,j Sit5\ <->b (vol. v. of the Calcutta 
edition, p. 25a, line 22), and breaks off 
before the end of the 13th Bab of 
with these words : OU- \$la ^ 
\^J\ j& l~~*- ^-> corresponding with 
p. 658, line 18, of vol. vi. 

301. 

Or. 3103. Foil. 180 ; 9J in. by 6 ; 17 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi in 
the 18th century. [KBEMEE, no. 113.] 



192 



LAW. 



A collection of legal opinions, by Muham- 
mad B. 'Abd al-Rahman B. Taj al-Din, Mufti 
of Balbek, arranged by the author under 
the usual headings of law books. 

Beg. 







-( 



The author, who had applied himself from 
his boyhood to the study of law, filled the 
offices of (Hanafi) Mufti and professor in 
his native place, Balbek. He collected his 
Fatwas in the present work in order to 
refresh his memory in old age, and to assist 
other Muftis in their functions. 

The work appears to have been compiled 
between A.H. 1111 and 1119. The former 
is the date of a question sent to the author 
from Tarabulus, fol. 645. The latter is the 
date attached to a short extract from Sharh 
al-Multaka on the first page. 



MaliJcis, 

302. 

Or. 2989. Foil. 81 ; lOf in. by 7f ; 25 lines, 
5-| in. long ; written in a neat Maghribi 
character, with ruled margins and headings 
in pale gold, blue and red ; dated Monday, 
22 Safar, A.H. 1301, 20 February, A.D. 1884. 



j\>j\ 



i. Foil. 1165. 



A commentary upon the Eisalah of Ibn 
Abi Zaid al-Kairawani (d. A.H. 386; v. 
Arabic Catalogue, pp. 103, 766a), by Abu '1- 
Hasan 'Ali B. Muh. al-Manufi al-Maliki. 



>.j ^\ ^\ 2U, 

A supercommentary by 'Ali al-Sa'Idi 
al-'Adawi, including nearly the whole of 
the above commentary, was printed in 
Bulak, A.H. 1281, and reprinted there A.H. 
1288. The author is called there Abu '1- 
Hasan 'Ali B. Muh. B. Muh. B. Muh. B. 
Khalaf al-Manufi. It is further stated that 
he was born in Cairo, A.H. 857, was a pupil 
of al-Suyuti, and died on the 14th of Safar, 
A.H. 939. He wrote no fewer than six 
commentaries upon the Risalat Ibn Abi 
Zaid, under the following titles: 1. ^U^ Jblc, 
the large commentary referred to in the pre- 
face ; 2. t^lfU ,3*^ the intermediate com- 
mentary designated in the same passage as 
Ja-jjJl (a copy of which is noticed in the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 128a, II.) ; 3. 
4. j^ u-i^ 5 ; 5. 

tyjf, the present 



6, 



work. 



At the end of this copy, fol. 1646, is found 
a biographical notice of the author, agreeing 
in the main with the preceding statements, 
and containing a full list of his numerous 
works. His name is written there: 



See also al-Sana al-Bahir, Add. 16,648, 
fol. 259S, where a list of his works is also 
given. 

The commentary was completed, as stated 
at the end, on the 27 Dulhijjah, A.H. 925. 



MALIKI FURU'. 



193 



It includes the entire text of the Risalah, in 
short passages or single words, written in 
blue or red ink. For other MSS. see Casiri, 
no. 1221 ; the Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., 
p. 110; Pertsch, no. 1046; Krafft, p. 173, 
no. 470 ; the Khedive's Library, vol. iii., 
p. 176 ; and De Slane, Paris Catalogue, 
no. 1062. See also Haj. Khal., vol. vi., 
p. 653, no. 209. 

II. Foil. 1666 179a. A commentary by 
Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. Muh. B. 'Abd al- 
Rahman al-Hattab al-Maliki, upon a metri- 
cal treatise by Muhammad Ibn Ghazi in 
elucidation of some obscure points of the 
Risalah of Ibn Abi Zaid. 

Beg. of the Comm. : JUN u5flM -^iM JlS 



Jai 



Beg. of the poem : 



\f- ^ JIS 



The author's full name, as given in the 
commentary, is Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. 
Ahmad B. 'Ali B. Ghazi al-'Uthmani (so 
called from Banu 'Uthman, a tribe of the 
Maghrib) al-Miknasi. He was Imam and 
KhaJIb of the Jami' al-Karawiyym in Fas, 
and died A,H. 919. According to the Sana 
al-Bahir, Add. 16,648, fol. 206ft, he was 
born A.H. 841, was the greatest divine of 



the Maghrib in his day, and died in Fas (or 
according to Casiri, vol. i., p. 369, in Mik- 
nasah) in the year above stated. Among his 
works enumerated in that notice is the 
present, designated as 



The poem is stated at the end to have 
been completed A.H. 867 : 



The commentator adds that he finished 
his work on the 6th of Dulhijjah, A.H. 943. 
Although a Maghribi by descent, he was 
born in Mecca, A.H. 902, and died in Cairo, 
A.H. 9*54. See al-Sana al-Bahir, fol. 298, 
where among his numerous works the present 
commentary is mentioned as <j 



III. Fol. 179a. A short metrical treatise 
on the solar months of the Julian year, and 
the number and length of days in each, by 
Abu 'Abdallah Sayyidi Muh. B. 'Uthman al- 
Kurtubi, with the heading: JjM J1 J\5 



Beg. 

It was composed, as stated in the epilogue, 
in Safar, A.H. 961. The tract is there 
designated as J->^ *jfr} and ^ ts 6 P eC i nc 
title is given in this line : 



The author gives his name, at variance 
with the above heading, in the concluding 

verses : 

Js, 



J 



IV. Foil. 130a 131a. The well-known 
o o 



194 



LAW. 



legend relating to the advice given by Satan 
to Muhammad: sJ* ^--ofr U1 i*J 



Copyist : ^ 



303. 

Or. 1438. Foil. 293; 12^ in. byS^; 34 lines, 
and, from fol. 226 to the end, 45 lines, 6 in. 
long in a page ; written in a fair Maghribi 
character; dated Safar, A.H. 1149 (A.D. 
1736). 

The second half of an extensive commen- 
tary upon the Mukhtasar, or compendium of 
Maliki law, of Khalil B. Ishak (see the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 127). 

Beg. 



jij.5) jii .ii 



The MS. has neither title nor author's 
name ; but it is found to contain the latter 
half of the larger commentary of al-Kharashi, 
which was printed, with the supercommen- 
tary of 'Ali B. Ahmad al-Sa'Idi al-'Adawi, in 
eight volumes, Bulak, A.H. 1299. 

The author, Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. 'Abd- 
allah B. 'Ali al-Kharashi, of the tribe of 
Aulad Sabah al-Khair, derived his Nisbah 
from his native place Abu Kharash, a village 
of al-Buhairah, Egypt. He waa a disciple 
of al-Burhan al-Lakani (d. A.H. 1041, vide 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 7666) and of 'Ali al- 



Ujhuri (d. A.H. 1066, ib. p. 1296, 768a). 
He became the greatest Maliki doctor of his 
time, and was looked upon as a saint. He 
died in Cairo on the 27th of Dulhijjah, 
A.H. 1101. See the notice prefixed to the 
Bulak edition, and Jabarti, vol. i., p. 65. 

In the present, or larger commentary, the 
author refers to the text of Khalil (J*>"3\) 
with a <jo in red ink, while the extracts 
from his previously written short commen- 
tary are marked with <__. 

The present volume begins with the chapter 
on sales, and ends with the chapter on the 

division of estates, (jeAj&\ aoi J?<i u->b. Its 
contents correspond with volumes v. viii. of 
the Bulak edition of the commentary. The 
portion of the text included corresponds 
with vol. iii., p. 170 563, and voll. iv. vi. 
of Perron's French translation. 

Al-Kharashi's commentary in four volumes 
is noticed by Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 447. 
Detached volumes of the short commentary 
are mentioned by De Slane, Paris Catalogue, 
nos. 1093 96; by Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, 
nos. 1056 57 ; and in the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., p. 168. Compare Perron, Aper9u 
preliminaire, pp. xx. and xxii. 

The margins contain corrections and notes 
in a minute Maghribi character. On the 
first page is a deed of gift to Sidi Muhammad, 
son of the Saint 'Abdallah B. Sa'id, and, 
failing issue, to al-Shaikh al-Sanusi. 



Shafi'is. 

304. 

Or. 3094. Foil. 77 ; lOf in. by 7 ; 27 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in cursive and angular 
Neskhi, with occasional vowels, apparently 
in the 15th century. [KBEMEB, no. 104.] 



SHAFI'I FURU'. 



195 



An explanation of the difficult words of 
Mukhtasar al-Muzani, by Abu '1-Mansur al- 
Azhari, with the following title, written by 
the same hand as the text : j- - J &J 



Beg. 



* tjSi Js- 4^ \4ffjij\ l*j JjjilM Ob) 

After praising al-Shafi'i for his insight, 
elegance of speech and profound learning, 
the author says that he had contemplated 
the compiling of a full glossary of all the 
difficult words used by him, but that subse- 
quently, afraid of the magnitude of the task, 
he confined himself to an elucidation of the 
rare words occurring in the compendium of 
Abu Ibrahim Isma'Il B. Yahya al-Muzani: 



The Mukhtasar al-Muzani, a compendium 
of the legal teaching of al-Shafi'i, is the 
principal text-book of his school. The author, 
Abu Ibrahim Isma'il B. Yahya B. Isma'il al- 
Muzani, a native of Egypt, and the chief 
disciple of al-Shafi'i, died in Misr, A.H. 264. 
See Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's translation, 
vol. i., p. 200 ; Fihrist, p. 212 ; al-Isnawi, 
fol. 7a ; and Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 459. 
Copies of the Mukhtasar are noticed by 
Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, no. 938, and in 
the Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 273. 

The commentator, Abu Mansur Muhammad 
B. Ahmad B. al-Azhar B. Talhah al-Azhari, 
an eminent philologer and Shafi'i doctor, was 
a native of Herat, and died in that city, 
A.H. 370, at the age of eighty-two. See 
Ibn Khallikan, vol. iii., p. 48; Ta'rikh al- 
Islam, Or. 48, fol. 1166; al-Isnawi, fol. 76 ; 
Bughyat al-Wu'at, Or. 3042, fol. 56 ; and 
Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 461. In the above 



works the present commentary is called 
^i^l j*jff klail ^..-fl-'i. The words are ex- 
plained in the order in which they occur in 
the Mukhtasar. The first rubric is: U U 
rA^ (j J the last is *x<i3^\ 



It is stated at the end that the MS. was 
transcribed from a copy dated A.H. 579. 

On the title-page is a short notice of the 
commentator, extracted from al-Isnawi. 

TJie last five leaves, foil. 736776, contain 
a short fragment on the signs of the resur- 
rection, and a longer one, being part of a 
commentary upon a versified treatise on the 
law of inheritance, by Salih B. Tharair B. 
Hamid al-Ja'bari (Taj al-Din Abu '1-Fadl, 
who died A.H. 706), entitled uAj&\ J "kj^- 
See Or. 3098, and Haj. Khal., vol. iv., 
p. 535. 

305. 

Or. 3606. Foil. 250; 11 in. by 7; from 
19 to 22 lines, 4f in. long; written in a 
large cursive and scholarlike hand, with 
frequent omission of the diacritical points, 
apparently in the 14th century. 



A commentary by Abu '1-Kasim 'Abd al- 
Karim B. Muh. B. 'Abd al-Karim al-Rafi'i 
al-Kazwmi upon al-WajIz, a manual of Shafi'i 
jurisprudence, by Abu Hamid Muh. B. Muh. 
al-Ghazzali, who died A.H. 505. See Haj. 
Khal., vol. vi., p. 428. 



This commentary is the most accredited 
text-book of the Shafi'i school. The author 
died in Kazwin at the age of sixty-six, 
A.H. 623. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 438, 
note a ; al-Isnawi, fol. 736 ; Ibn Kadi Shuh- 
c o 2 



196 



LAW. 



bah, fol. 68 ; Tabakat al-Subki, fol. 2136 ; 
and Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 308. 

In the present copy, which contains only 
the first book, j\$ia5\ <-->\X the text of al- 
Riifi'i is enlarged by considerable additions 
from two later works, viz. cj^aM ,j JuJjjN, by 
Yahya B. Sharaf al-Nawawi (d. A.H. 676 ; 
Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 506), and ,> OU$U 
LojJ\, by 'Abd al-Rahim B. Hasan al-Isnawi 
(d. A.H. 772 ; Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 278). 
The author of the compilation, Taj al-Din 
B. Bahadur, who is also the writer of this 
MS., is thus designated in a note written by 
an early hand on the first page : 

. JUS 4) 



The above mentioned disciple of Taj al- 
Din, namely Shams al-Dm Muh. B. Zain 
al-Din Hamid B. Ahmad al-Ansari, Kadi of 
Jerusalem, died A.H. 782. See al-Uns al- 
Jalll, Or. 1546, fol. 1925, and Inba al-Ghumr, 
fol. 39. 

The MS. breaks off before the end of the 
Book of Purification. The last passage ex- 
plained relates to the Tayammum, or ablu- 
tion with sand, allowed in cases of illness or 

wounds, and begins : j\ ^j 



*x> \$* J JIS 



Some volumes of al-Eafi'i's commentary, 
the first of which is described as the author's 
autograph, are noticed by De Slane, Paris 
Catalogue, nos. 986 89. That popular work 
is represented by numerous MSS. in the 
Khedive's Library, vol. iii., pp: 251 254. 
They are entered, however, under the title 
adopted by Haj. Khal., namely ^jjj*^ &j 



The real title, as stated by 
Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, I.e., is as above : ,j ^^ 



A special glossary to that work, al-Misbah 
al-Munir, has been often printed in Cairo. 

306. 

Or. 4287. Foil. 329; 10J in. by 7J; 25 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi with red 
headings; dated 11 Rajab, A.H. 764 (A.D. 
1363). [BUDGE.] 



The third volume of the Raudat al-Talibm, 
a manual of Shiin'i law, abridged from the 
Sharh al-Wajiz of al-Rafi'i (no. 305) by 
Abu Zakariyya Yahya al-Nawawi (d. A.H. 
676 ; v. Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 506), with 

the following title : 



,> 



Beg. AJJ ,j? 



91a 



It comprises the following Kitabs : J 
fol. 16; iij\J\, fol. 296; ^^H\, fol. 366; 
fol. 606 ; ^tyBI, fol. 786 ; WL~J\, fol. 
i,U^, fol. 99a; 21^1, fol. 1326; >L*\ 
fol. 1356 ; iJSjJI, fol. 1476 ; L$, fol. 
3*5^, fol. 174a; LuaU^, fol. 184; 
fol. 1976; bUjJI, fol. 2336; Lo.^1, 
fol. 3096 ; iwJJ|, J&\ 3, fol. 319a 328. 
At the end is written 



165a 



For other MSS. see Uri, nos. 216, 225, 
242, 258 ; Nicoll, no. 345 ; the Paris Cata- 
logue, no. 990 ; Wiistenfeld, Leben des 
Nawawi, p. 53 ; and the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., pp. 22931. 



SHAFI'I FURU'. 



197 



307. 

Or. 4293. Foil. 33 ; 8 in. by 6; 13 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in large and fully 
vocalized Neskhi, apparently in the 17th 
century. [BUDGE.] 



A brief compendium of Shafi'i Furu', by 
Abu Shuja' Ahmad B. al-Husain (or al- 
Hasan) B. Ahmad al-Isbahani, who was born 
A.H. 434, and died some time after A.H. 500 
(see Yakut, vol. iii., p. 598). 

The first leaf is torn, and a portion of the 
initial lines lost. See the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 4096, and further on Or. 3935, art. i. 

The Ghayat al-Ikhtisar, also called Ghayat 
al-Takrlb (Haj. Khal., vol. iv., pp. 269, 300), 
or al-Takrib, has been printed in Bombay, 
A.H. 1297, and, with a commentary entitled 

u_*^L5)\ ]e>\&\ -jt* ,j t_*xsr U-O./M j, in Cairo, 
A.H. 1278, 1281, 1285, 1296, 1298, .etc. 
(v. the Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 255). 
The text has been edited, with a French 
translation, by S. Keyzer, Leyde, 1859. For 
other copies see the Leyden Catalogue, no. 
1788; Aumer, no. 364; Pertsch, no. 942; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. vii., p. 317, 
where a wrong date, A.H. 488, is given for 
the author's death. 

308. 

Or. 3739. Foil. 197 ; 9| in. by 6| ; about 
35 lines, 5J in. long ; written in small and 
close Neskhi ; dated Sunday, 13 Safar, A.E. 
614 (A.D. 1217). [GLASER, no. 23.] 

The third volume of al-Bayan, an extensive 
work on the Shafi'i Furu', by Yahya B. Abi '1- 
Khair B. Salim al-'Imrani, with the following 

title : ,> aa)\ J 



The author is called the Shaikh of the 
Shafi'is of Yemen. He was born A.H. 489, 
and his great work, al-Bayan, consisting of 
ten volumes, was begun A.H. 528, and com- 
pleted A.H. 533. He died A.H. 558. See 
Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, fol. 57J ; al-Isnawi, fol. 
and al-Subki, fol. 2826. 



In the works just referred to the author is 
called, as above, Abu '1-Khair Yahya B. 
Abi '1-Khair B. Salim al-'Imrani, while Haj. 
Khal., leaving out the father's name, calls 
him Abu '1-Khair Yahya B. Salim. The 
date of the author's death, A.H. 558, is 
recorded at the end of the MS. 

This volume begins : **>.&j\ $ ioJj!l c 



It includes the following main divisions 
(u-\sO : iojjJ^, fol. 26 ; *>j\Jt\, fol. 8<z ; u-ail, 
fol. 14a; iilJl, fol. 29& ; u^\^\, fol. 43a; 
UU^ fol. 53& ; t}r$\, fol. 58a ; ^ &JK, 
fol. 776; o^Wl,fol. 856; &m, fol. 91a ; 
JajJUS^ fol. 986 ; iJujH, fol. 1066 ; **$, fol. 
114a; UUjJ), fol. 120a; ^\, fol. 1466; 
, fol. 1606; &W\ o^ j*P,fol. 178a; 

ii^l, foil. 184a1976. 

It is stated at the end that the next volume 
was to begin with -Kill i^lSJ 

Bight volumes of the Bayan are preserved 
in the Khedive's Library ; see vol. iii., p. 199. 
Two detached volumes of a commentary upon 
it are noticed by Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche 
Sammlung, nos. 57, 172. 



198 



LAW. 



309. 

Or. 4017. Foil. 59 ; 9f in. by 7$ ; about 
30 lines, 5 in. long ; written in cursive and 
very sparely pointed Neskhi, apparently in 
the 13th century. [GLASEE, no. 315.] 

Fragment of a Shafi'i work on Furii', 
without title or author's name. 

It is another portion of the preceding work, 
belonging apparently to the third volume. 
It begins abruptly in the Kitab al-Shuf'ah 



i_^\j^, the first paragraph commencing 
as follows : >to <> 



The next book i 
fol. 86, as follows 



J\ gj 

. >\j/, which begins, 
j 



(Coran, xxv., v. 24) . 
The next followin books are Lab\ 



fol. 146; 3\jU, fol. 20; 
1, fol. 36 ; 2^, fol. 426. 



fol. 246 



The last book breaks off fol. 566. Foil. 
57 59 are leaves detached from a Coran 
written in a fine Thulth character, with ten 
lines in a page ; they contain Surah xlvii., 
v. 2432, and Surah xlviii., v. 2428. 

310. 

Or. 4285. Foil. 143; lO^in. by7|; 15 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in neat Neskhi with 
vowels, apparently in the 15th or 16th 
century. [BUDGE. 



A volume of the Muharrar, a treatise on 
Shafi'i Furu', with this title : 



The author, whose name does not appear, 
s Imam al-Dm Abu'l-Kasim 'Abd al-Karim 
B. Muh. B. 'Abd al-Karim al-Bafi'i al- 
Kazwini (d. A.H. 623 ; see above, no. 305, 
and Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 419). 



J\3 



Beg. 



The MS. appears to be defective in some 
parts, and it comes to an abrupt termination. 
It contains the following Kitabs : _&J\,fol. Ib ; 



fol. 146 ; >iiJ1j p-3M, fol. 196 ; 
fol. 216; io-jM, fol. 35a; f$S$\ fol. 36a; 
fol. 38a; ,\aj1, fol. 39a ; yUJI, fol. 



41a; 
fol. 60a ; 
fol. 806 ; 
846 ; \5J\ 



fol. 436; olftW^, fol. 53; 
. 70a ; ^ 
J\LJ, fol. 83a ; 



, fol. 



J iSJI 



, fol. 856 ; 
fol. 88a; i>jld 
fol. 936 
fol. 105a; 
fol. 1096; ^)\. 
fol. 1126 ; jj JJJ\, fol. 117o 
fol. 1196; cAA^fol. 1276; C. 
fol. 1336 ; jUI, fol. 1396. 



., fol. 876 ; 
, fol. 926; 
, fol. 96a; 
fol. 108a; 
fol. 1106; 



The above bqoks begin mostly with a 
Coranic verse or Hadith on which the 
respective laws are based. For other copies 
see Loth, no. 278, and the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., p. 272. 



311. 

Or. 4296. Foil. 240; 12 in. by 8|; 31 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in small and cursive 
Neskhi; dated Kabi' II., A.H. 1063 (A.D. 
1653). [BUDGE.] 



SHAFI'I FURU'. 



199 



A volume of a commentary upon the 
Muharrar (no. 310), without author's name. 



ttfS-jjjN cfc? SirtU,.^ 5,1* 

The above title is found in the colophon. 
The author is, according to Haj. Khal., 
vol. v., p. 420, Abu Bakr al-Shahruzuri. 

This volume, which is designated in the 
endorsement as forming the third quarter of 

the work, -yo^\ ^ csJUM ^M, contains the 
text distinguished by a red line drawn over 
it, and comprises the following Kitabs : j.,UM, 
fol. 2a; iijjM, fol. la ; OlSaiH, fol. 216; 
^, fol. 346 ; Ob jJ1, fol. 526 ; 
r jJ1, fol. 766 ; Ju5l Jj\ JUL5, fol. 
fol. 866 ; Vij j.*, fol. 896 ; ^m **, fol. 94a ; 
, fol. 95a; L/*^, fol. 106a ; g* 
JJLJ1, fol. 109a ; js-fl, fol. 115a; 
, fol. 128a ; ^b jJ\j jjuaH, fol. 1366 ; 
, fol. 143a; *M\, fol. 1466; jxJl 
fol. 1516 ; w Ui^, fol. 156a ; jjjj^, fol. 
1686; >USM c_^<, fol. 174a; oMfriN, fol. 
1956; OUjuJlj ^jfr^^, fol. 210a; jLJ^, fol. 
;^^1, fol. 2266 ; LU^JI, fol. 23 Oa. 



A writer frequently quoted is Taj al-Din 
L f l il v io^l). Taj al-Dm B. Mahmud al-Isfa- 
handi al-'Ajami was born in Persia, A.H. 729. 
After performing his pilgrimage to Mecca 
he took up his abode in Halab, where he 
taught numerous pupils and wrote a com- 
mentary upon the Muharrar. He spent his 
last years in Shamakhi, where he died, 
A.H. 807 (Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 1546). He 



is mentioned by Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 420, 
who calls him Taj al-Din Mahmud B. Muh. 
al-Isfahldi al-Kirmani. 

The MS. was transcribed from a copy 
dated A.H. 1010, the colophon of which is 
given. 

Copyist: ^ 



312. 

Or. 4295. Foil. 238 ; llf in. by 8f ; 9 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in Neskhi, apparently in 
the 15th or 16th century. [BUDGE.] 

A text-book of Shafi'i Furu', imperfect at 
both ends, and without title or author's 
name. 

The MS. begins abruptly in the Book of 
Purification. The first complete section 
commences, fol. 3, as follows: 



The Book of Prayer begins, fol. 46, as 
follows : SjLaM ^lj JW <d)\ J\j S^LaM 

f *li. JLUI Jk wUj Jl ^,,^11^ J^ 

t_jj4\ ti*Sj y> J I-HJ^ ^ j-o 

The last extant book, ^JH>^ ^>^, begins, 
fol. 237J : U^P^O ^-j W 1 &J* U1 

Jloi ^..fr JU a] 



Comparison with no. 310 shows that the 
present work is an abridgment of the 
Muharrar. It follows closely its divisions, 
and agrees with it to some extent verbally, 
but with much condensation. 

Copious notes in a small character crowd 
the margins and the spaces between the 



200 



LAW. 



lines. Many of them are ascribed to 
i.e., 'Ala al-DIn 'AH B. Isma'Il al-Kunawi, 
a learned Turk, who commented the Hawi 
and the Mukhtasar al-Minhaj, and died 
A.H. 729 (Durar al-Kaminah, vol. ii., fol. 5). 
Others are taken from a commentary upon 
the Muharrar,^*? rJ i>, not further specified. 

313. 

Or. 4291. Foil. 264; llin.by7J; 25 lines, 
5J in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
2 Jumada I., A.H. 863 (A.D. 1459). 

[BUDGE.] 



A commentary upon the Minhaj al-Talibm, 
by Badr al-DIn B. Taki al-Din [Abi Bakr] 
B. Ahmad, called Ibn Kadi Shuhbah al- 
Asadi al-Shafi'i, who died A.H. 874. See 
Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 209, and the Arabic 
Catalogue, pp. 1365 and 769. 



Beg. . . . alu 
-j!a 



L-JJaJ 
<dM C 



v^J *Sfl 



J * 



Minhaj al-Talibin is an abridgment by 
Yahya B. Sharaf al-Nawawi (d. A.H. 676) 
of the Muharrar of al-Kafi'i (no. 310). See 
Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 204. It has been 
published with a French translation, by van 
den Berg, Batavia, 188284. For MSS. 
and commentaries see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 410a; Loth, nos. 279284; Pertsch, 
nos. 955 963 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 
10021011; and the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., pp. 279, 240. 

The commentator is named in the colophon : 



He says that he followed the 'Ijalah, a 
previous commentary by Siraj al-DIn Ibn al- 
Mulakkin ('Umar B. 'AH, d. A.H. 804; v. 
Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 205, and the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 136a), but only in order to 
improve upon it, to correct the errors of the 
writer, and to refute his arguments. This 
is the shorter of two commentaries written 
upon the Minhaj by the author. It must 
have been written before A.H. 851, for the 
author refers in the preface to his father, 
who died in that year, as still living. For 

the larger commentary, entitled _l^a^ ali^ 
\$ii\ _^ ,J\, see the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., p. 191. 

The commentary includes the entire text 
of the Minhaj, written in red, and extends 
from Sj^laN ujlSJ to u^i^ t-r 1 ^ ^ ne latter 
beginning fol, 25 la, 

It is stated in the colophon that this copy 
was transcribed from the author's own MS. 
for Shaikh Zain al-DTn 'Umar B. Ahmad B. 
Taki al-Din B. Tarik al-Tabari, 



314. 

Or. 4294. Foil. 172 ; 11 in. by 8f; 35 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in small Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 16th century. [BUDGE.] 

A commentary upon a law-book, imperfect 
at beginning and end, and endorsed 



It is the commentary entitled ( 
L_,'5Ua!\ ^xc ~jZj, written by Zain aLDIn Abu 
Yahya Zakariyya B. Muh. al-An?ari al- 
Sunaiki (d. A.H. 926) upon his own com- 
pendium of the Minhaj al-Taliblq of al- 



SHAFI'I FURU'. 



201 



Nawawi (no. 313), entitled i 

See Haj. Khal., vol. vi., p. 209, and the 

Arabic Catalogue, pp. 1366 and 769a. 

The Manhaj al-Tullab has been printed in 
Cairo, A.H. 1285, and the author's commen- 
tary will be found on the margins of the 
Hashiyah of Sulaiman al-Bajirami, printed 
in four volumes, Cairo, A.H. 1286. 

The first words extant of the text are 
&*J, (*j\j ^ki~>\ J. They belong to &U> A> 
siUH, the third Bab of Kitab al-Salat (Cairo 
edition, p. 12, line 11). The MS. breaks off 
in the course of the chapter entitled i b 
i.H)\ ija/', the fifth section of Hi* i-jljtf 
(Cairo edition, p. 142). 

See for the text the Library of the Khe- 
dive, vol. iii., p. 289, and, for the commen- 
tary, ib., p. 258, Loth, no. 281, and the 
Leyden Catalogue, no. 1823. 

315. 

Or. 2898. Foil. 545 ; 10 in. by 6f ; 31 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in small and close 
Persian Neskhi, with ruled margins ; dated 
Abarkuh, from the 1st of Dulka'dah, A.H. 
837, to the 6th of Jumada II., A.H. 838 
(A.D. 1434-5). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 



A commentary upon al-Hawi, the standard 
text-book of Shafi'i Furu', by Najm al-DIn 
'Abd al-Ghaffar B. 'Abd al-Karlm al-Kazwini, 
who died A.H. 665. See the Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 1346, and Haj. Khal., under i/jlU 
, vol. iii., p. 5. 



The work is divided into four quarters 
(j,), a division not found in the MS. of the 
original, Add. 6532, noticed in the Arabic 
Catalogue. The first quarter, treating of 



acts of worship, otaUM Q, wants several 

leaves at the beginning. The first passage 

explained, ^i^'j u-^ *~ 

belongs to the third chapter, 

of the Book of Purification, X ) V t U\ <-. >\>. It 

occurs on fol. 96, line 1, of Add. 6532. 

The second quarter, O^lU^ *>,, treating of 
sales and other civil transactions, begins, fol. 
143 a, as follows : J^ M*^. M *-M L->b 



The third quarter, -&l\ g J9 deals with 
marriage, divorce, etc. It begins, fol. 2956 : 
tj\ J\ 



The fourth quarter, ObUii Q, begins, 



fol. 



The commentary does not include the 
text, but only the first words of passages 
explained, preceded by 5y. 

The author, whose name does not appear, 
must have lived in the 8th century of the 
Hijrah, certainly before A.H. 837, the date 
of the present copy. He quotes incidentally 
previous commentators, namely, the author 
of al-Misbah, i.e., Diyfi al-DIn 'Abd al-'Aziz 
B. Muh.' al-Tusi, who died A.H. 706 (v. Haj. 
Khal., vol. iii., p. 6), and the author of al- 
Ta'likah, i.e., 'Ala al-DIn 'All B. Israa'il al- 
Kunawi, who died A.H. 729 (v. Haj. Khal., 
ib., and al-Isnawi, fol. 1366). 



202 



LAW. 



Copyist : 



The passages of the text, only partially 
included in the commentary, have been com- 
pleted in the margin by a later scribe, Ahmad 
B. Mahmud al-Iji, A.H. 910. 

For copies of al-Hfiwi and its commen- 
taries see the Bodleian Catalogue, vol. i., 
no. 186, vol. ii., no. 94, and p. 517& ; Pertsch, 
Gotha Catalogue, no. 950 ; De Slane, Paris 
Catalogue, nos. 997-98 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. iii., p. 236-37. 

316. 

Or. 3834. Foil. 298 ; 8 in. by 6f ; from 20 
to 22 lines, 4J in. long; written in small 
Neskhi, apparently in Yemen, in the 16th 
century. [GLASER, no. 122.] 



A commentary upon al-Irshad, a treatise 
on the Shafi'i Furu', by Ibn al-Mukri. 



Beg. . . . &\ 



J\ 



Beg. of the text .- 



all 




The Irshad is an abridgment, with com- 
ments and additions, of the work above 
mentioned, jtj^\ ,jj^. Its full title is iiUj\ 
.jrjlU ^A!L- J\ ^jUn. See tbe Khedive's 
Library, vol. iii., p. 191 ; the Bodleian Cata- 
logue, vol. i., p. 72, no. 186, vol. ii., p. 571 ; 
and Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammlung,no. 49. 

The author, Sharaf al-Dm Isma'il B. Abi 



Bakr Ibn al-Mukri al-Shawari (so called from 
the Banu Shawar, a tribe in Yemen), was 
born in Abyat Husain, district of Surdad, 
A.H. 755. He taught law in the Madrasahs 
of Ta'izz and Zabid, and stood high in the 
favour of the Easuli sovereigns, al-Ashraf 
and al-Nasir. He died in Safar, A.H. 837. 
See al-Ahdal, Or. 1345, fol. 195, and Tiraz, 
Or. 2425, fol. 1 98a. 

The commentator, whose name does not 
appear, is probably the author himself, who, 
as we learn from Haj. Khal., vol, i., p. 256, 
wrote a commentary upon his own Irshad in 
two volumes. The title, however, which Nicoll 
I.e. assigns to that commentary, ^jM t_>5^, 
is not found in this copy. 

The first two pages, containing the pre- 
face, have been supplied by a modern hand. 
The original writing begins, fol. 3a, with the 
last line of the preface, followed by the 
heading : S J \^la)\ k__?U y> t-^b. The chapter on 

sale, xd\ ,j L-Aj, which immediately follows 
the chapter on pilgrimage, begins at fol. 177a. 
The last heading is s^U^I L-A>.> fol. 292&. 
The MS. breaks off before the end of that 
chapter. The word& of the text are written 
in red ink. 

317. 

Or. 4297. Foil. 146 ; 10| in. by 8 ; 28 lines, 
5|- in. long ; written in Neskhi, apparently 
in the 15th century. Many leaves more or 
less torn have been repaired, and the text 
supplemented by later hands. [BUDGE.] 



A treatise on Shafi'i Furu'. 
Beg. 



SHAFI'I FURU'. 



203 



The author, -whose name is not given, is, 
according to Haj. Khal., vol. i., p. 484, 
Jamal al-Dm Yusuf B. Ibrahim al-Ardablli 
al-Shafi'i, who died A.H. 799. The head- 
ings of the chapters are given by Loth, 
no. 286. The present MS. contains only the 
first part of the work, extending from i_>W 
to i-oM ( >\i4, in which it breaks off. 



318. 

Or. 2899. Foil. 408 ; 9 in. by 6f ; from 21 
to 23 lines, 4 in. long ; written in rude and 
cursive Neskhi, apparently in the 18th 
century. 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 



A commentary by Jamal al-Din al-Ramli 
upon a metrical treatise on Shafi'i law, 
entitled Safwat al-Zubad, by Ahmad B. 
Raslan. 

Beg. of the Comm. : * 



Beg. of the Poem : 



The author of the text, whose full name is 
Shihab al-Dm Abu 'l-'Abbas Ahmad B. 
Husain B. Hasan . . . Ibn Raslan al-Ramli 
al-Makdisi al-Shafi'i, was born in Ramlah, 
A.H. 773 or 775. He subsequently settled 
in Jerusalem, where he died in Sha'ban, 
A.H. 844. He was in high repute as the 
head of the orthodox Sufis, and left numer- 



ous works, relating mostly to law and Hadith, 
among which the Safwat al-Zubad is men- 
tioned, with a full commentary upon it, as 
well as a shorter one. See al-Uns al-Jalil, 
Add. 1546, fol. 206a, and a notice extracted 
from al-Munawi's commentary and prefixed 
to the edition of the poem printed in Bulak, 
A.H. 1285. 

The title Safwat al-Zubad, by which the 
work is designated in the present and other 
commentaries, as well as by Haj. Khal., 
vol. iv., p. 105, does not occur in the text. 
The fourth line, IfrUk? jjj ^ j^ **> 3 , implies, 
according to the commentator, that the 
poem is a metrical version of the Zubad of 
al-Barizi. There is, in fact, a treatise entitled 
aaftM j jjj)\ among the numerous works of 
Hibat Allah B. 'Abd al-Rahim al-Barizi, 
who died A.H. 738. See al-Durar al- 
Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 155. 

The name of the commentator is found in 
this title, prefixed by the same hand as the 

text : \ Jj J* 



In a copy of the last section of the same 
commentary noticed by Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 1824, the commentator is 
called Shihab al-Dm Ahmad al-Ramli. His 
full name is Shihab al-Dm Ahmad B. Hamzah 
al-Ramli al-Manufi al-Misri. He was a dis- 
ciple of Shaikh al-Isliim Zakariyya al-Ansari, 
after whose death he enjoyed the highest 
authority in Egypt. He died in Cairo, 
A.H. 957. See al-Kawakib al-Sa'irah, fol. 
120 ; al-Sana al-Bahir, fol. 305 ; and Lawa- 
kih al-Anwar, Add. 19,914, fol. 333, where 
his commentary upon Safwat al-Zubad is 
mentioned among his works. In the Khe- 
dive's Library, however, vol. iii., p. 246, the 
DD 2 



204 



LAW. 



present commentary is ascribed to his son 
Shams al-Din Muh. B. Ahmad B. Hamzah 
al-Ramli, who died A.H. 1004, and who 
wrote also a commentary, distinct from that 
of his father, upon the same work. See 
Khulasat al-Athar, vol. iii., p. 344. 

The main part of the metrical treatise 
deals with the Furu', but it contains also a 
Mukaddimah treating of the Usul, and a 
short Khatimah on Sufism. 

The MS. is imperfect at the end ; it breaks 
off in the explanation of the last line of 
i_.>b (see the Bulak edition, p. 34). 



For copies of the text and other commen- 
taries see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 6785 ; 
the Bodleian Catalogue, vol. i., no. 270, and 
vrol. ii., p. 575a ; the Leyden Catalogue, 
vol. iv., p. 152-3; Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, 
nos. 919 921 ; Ahlwardt, Berlin Catalogue, 
nos. 1822-23 ; and the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., pp. 232, 272, vol. vii., p. 523. 



Hanbalis. 

319. 

Or. 4288. Foil. 184; 10Jin.by6f; 27 lines, 
5| in. long ; written in fine Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 14th century ; the latter 
part, foil. 144 184, in a more cursive 
character about the same time. [BuDGK.] 



The first volume of a commentary by 
Abu 'Abdallah Shams al-Dm Muhammad B. 
'Abdallah al-Zarkashi upon the compendium 
of Hanbali Furu' called Mukhtasar al- 
Khiraki, with this title : 



Beg. 



S. A\ J-P 



15! JVS 

^\ 

> JUS 

jlJk-i' 

>b-S !JJ 



The author of the text is Abu '1-Kasim 
'Umar B. al-Husain B. 'Abdallah al-Khiraki 
al-Hanbali, who died in Damascus, A.H. 334. 
See Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's version, vol. ii., 
p. 377 ; Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 443 ; and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 298. 

The commentator appears to have lived 
about the close of the seventh century of 
the Hijrah. He quotes an earlier commen- 
tary on the same work, the Mughni of 
Muwaffik al-Dm 'Abdallah B. Ahmad B. 
Kudamah, who died A.H. 620 (Haj. Khal., 
ib.), and Abu '1 - Barakat, author of al- 
Muharrar, i.e., Majd al-Din Abu '1-Barakat 
'Abd al-Salam B. 'Abdallah Ibn Taimiyyah, 
who died A.H. 652 (Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., p. 297). The commentary is very 
full; it includes only short passages of the 
text, preceded by J\5, and separated by the 
letter ,ji from the following comments. 

The volume comprises the following Kitabs: 
, fol. 25; 3&aB, fol. 366 ; tty, fol. lOOa ; 
fol. 121* ; cJ&rtJl, fol. 132a ; 



fol. 134a; and il AUI, fol. 162a 184. At 
the end is written c_,UJ" jJo 



On the first page is a note of purchase 
dated A.H. 812. 



CONTROVERSY BETWEEN THE SUNNI SCHOOLS. 



205 



Controversy letween the Sunni Schools. 

320. 

Or. 1196. Foil. 116 ; 9J in. by 7 ; from 12 
to 18 lines, about 4 in. long ; written in 
large angular Neskhi, apparently in Yemen, 
with vowels, but with frequent omission of 
the diacritical points ; dated Rajab, A.H. 787 
(A.D. 1385). [ALEX. JABA.] 



A metrical treatise on the debated points 
of law, by Abu Hafs 'Umar B. Muh. al- 
Nasafi, who died A.H. 537. See the Arabic 
Catalogue, pp. 1276, 541 a. 

Beg. 

There are copious marginal notes. For 
the contents see Fleischer, Dresden Cata- 
logue, no. 130, and, for other copies, the 
Khedive's Library, vol. iii., p. 138, vol. vii., 
p. 85 ; and the Catalogues of Leyden, vol. iv., 
p. 112 ; Gotha, no. 1150 ; and Copenhagen, 
no. 67, where the headings of chapters are 
given. For the author's life see Ibn Kutlu- 
buga, p. 34, no. 140. 

The last page contains the first seventeen 
lines of a metrical treatise on the law of 
inheritance. 

Beg. JW> Ujj j-* ^ $\&\ fti~i \- jy 

It is the work known as al-Rahbiyyah. 
See Pertsch, no. 1111. 

The preceding four pages contain observa- 
tions on some legal questions, transcribed 
by 'Ali B. Da'ud B. Husain al-Zaila'i. 

321. 

STOWE, Or. 5. Foil. 141; llf in. by 7 ; 
12 lines, 4|- in. long ; written in large 
Neskhi with vowels, apparently in the 17th 
century. 



Another copy of the Manzumah fi'1-Khila- 
, with copious interlinear glosses and 
more extensive notes, written in a small 
character in the margins. 

322. 

Or. 3109. Foil. 47 ; 7* in. by 5 ; 17 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in rather cursive, but 
distinct and scholarlike, Neskhi ; about 
A.H.. 870 (A.D. 1465). 

[KREMEB, no. 119.] 

I. Foil. 114. ^JU ^ jj^-N, r >3l 

A treatise on the four orthodox schools of 
jurisprudence, by al-Kafiyaji. 

- U 



Beg. - 

The author's name, which does not appear 
in the MS., is given by Haj. Khal., vol. iv., 
p. 412. Shams al-Din, afterwards Muhyi 
al-Din, Abu 'Abdallah Muhammad B. Sulai- 
man B. Sa'd B. Sa'id, surnamed al-Kafiyaji, 

was born in ^ aj^ } province of Sarukhan, 
A.H. 801. . He entered Cairo shortly after 
A.H. 830, and became Shaikh of the Shaikh- 
uniyyah. Al-Suyuti, who attended his teach- 
ing for fourteen years and looked upon him 
as a father, states that he died on the 4th of 
Jumada I., A.H. 879. See Bughyat al-Wu'at, 
Or. 3042, fol. 266, a full notice by Ibn 
Tulun, Or. 3046, fol. 131a, who enumerates 
a vast number of his works, but not the 
present, and Ibn Ayas, Add. 18,515, fol. 1806. 

The treatise consists of the following three 
Babs : I. Definition of the term Madhab, and 
discussion of the questions connected with 
Ijtihad and Taklid, fol. 16. II. On the 
belief of a follower, JJiV, with regard to his 
own school and to others, fol. 94. III. A 
short account of the founders of the four 
schools, viz., Abu Hamfah, Malik, al-Shafi'i 
and Ibn Hanbal, fol. 136. 



206 



LAW. 



The author states at the end that he com- 
pleted the work on the last of Dulka'dah, 
A.H. 866. 



J ju 



II. Foil. 1547. 



A commentary upon the preceding treatise. 



Beg. sab* 



The author says in the preface that he 
wrote this commentary by desire of a noble 
personage, Amir Kanim, 3$ js$\. As he 
occasionally refers to the words of the text 
as Uy, it is clear that the commentator is 
no other than the author of the text. The 
commentary was finished, as he states at the 
end, on the 6th of Shawwal, A.H. 869. 

The copyist, Ahmad B. Ibrahim B. Muh., 
called Ibn al-Sarim al-Hanafi, says that he 
transcribed the above statement from the 
original writing of the author, to whom he 

refers as still living : &* ,j d\ ~J wJ^ JIS 



323. 

Or. 3097. Foil. 46 ; 7J in. by 5J ; 19 lines, 
4 in. long; written in a neat Maghribi 
character, about A.H. 888 (A.D. 1483). 

[KEEMEB, no. 107.] 



A refutation of the attack of al-Kadi 'lyad. 
upon him (i.e. al-Shafi'i), who made the 
invocation of blessings upon the Prophet an 
obligatory part of the legal prayer ; by Kutb 
al-Dm Abu '1-Khair Muh. B. Mull. al-Haidari 
al-Dimashki al-Shafi'i. See Haj. Khal., vol. 
iii., p. 548. 



Beg. 



^^ Jfi 



After speaking in terms of great admira- 
tion of the Shifa bita'rif Hukuk al-Mustafa', 
by the Kadi 'lyad B. Musa al-Yahsubi 
(v. Arabic Catalogue, p. 97$), which he had 
made his constant companion, the author 
states that he had written a commentary 
upon it, entitled litM klaM^.^ \&*A\ (v. Haj. 
Khal., vol. vi., p. 61), in which he reproved 
the writer's attack upon al-Shafi'i. He 
afterwards refuted it at length in his lectures 
in the Dar al-Hadith al-Ashrafiyyah, and, 
at the request of a friend, he set forth in the 
present work his arguments in support of 
al-Shafi'i's opinion. 

The treatise is divided into a Mukaddimah 
and two Fasls. 

The author, who is called by Haj. Khal., 
vol. ii., p. 44, and vol. iii., p. 617, Mufti of 
Damascus, .UN ,_^i, died, according to the 
same author, A.H. 894, 

In the colophon the author states that he 
wrote this MS. from his rough draft in 
Damascus, A.H. ' 862 : 



But this has evidently been transcribed from 
an earlier MS. The writing of the present 
one is decidedly Maghribi, although it con- 
forms, with regard to the punctuation of 
uJ and j, to the Oriental usage. 



CONTROVERSY BETWEEN THE SUNNI SCHOOLS. 



207 



On the last page and in another hand (that 
of the author) is a licence granted by him for 
teaching this treatise and his other works to 
the writer of the present copy, al-Sharlf Radi 
al-Dln Muh. B. Mansur al-Husaini al-Halabi, 
who finished reading it on the 13th of 
Muharram, A.H. 888, in the author's house 
in Cairo. It is signed Muh. B. Muh. B. 
'Abdallah al-Haidari al-Shafi'i. 



324. 

Or. 3197. Foil. 109; 10 in. by 5; 
17 lines, 3|- in. long; written in large and 
fair Neskhi, with 'Unwan and red-ruled 
margins ; dated Wednesday, 7 Sha'ban, 
A.H. 1034 (A.D. 1625). 

[KEEMEE, no. 206.] 

a^I uVjxJI (fol. 70*). 

A treatise showing how the divergencies 
of the doctors of the law can be reconciled ; 
by 'Abd al-Wahhab B. Ahmad al-Sha'rani, 
who died A.H. 973. See the Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 342, note d, and al-Munawi, fol. 357. 



The author was troubled in his mind about 
the discrepancies of the doctors of the law, 
and could find no one able to settle his 
doubts, until, in answer to his prayer, " our 
Lord Abu '1- Abbas Khidr " appeared to him, 
A.H. 931, on the terrace of the Jam!' al- 
Ghamri, and, at his request, gave him the 
scales, w ]}j^, by means of which these 
divergencies could be reconciled. 

The Mlzan proper ends at fol. 705. The 
rest of the volume is occupied by a Khatimah, 
in which the said standard is applied to 



various debated questions relating to purifi- 
cation and prayer. 

The work was completed, as stated at the 
end, in Cairo, on the 17th of Ramadan, 
A.H. 963. 

Haj. Khal. calls it sjiiyiM u ^, vol. vi., 
p. 285. The same title is given by Ahlwardt, 
Berlin Catalogue, no. 3045, and in the Paris 
Catalogue, no. 814. This copy was tran- 
scribed from the author's autograph MS. 

* 

Copyist : IjL ^WjxDl Lfj^J' J* ^ 



The Mizan has been printed in Cairo, 
A.H. 1272 and 1279. See also the Khedive's 
Library, vol. iii., p. 383. 

325. 

Or. 4298. Foil. 226 ; llf in. by 8 ; 35 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in neat Neskhi with red- 
ruled margins ; dated Ramadan, A.H. 1113 
(A.D. 1701). [BUDGE.] 

Another copy of the same work, with the 
title : 



326. 

Or. 4299. Foil. 291 ; S| in. by 5f ; 15 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in small and cursive 
Neskhi, apparently in the 16th century. 

[BUDGE.] 

A treatise on Sunni Furii', imperfect at 
beginning and end. 

The MS. has the appearance of an auto- 
graph MS., having several passages erased 
and others substituted for them. The 
author, whose name does not appear, follows 
the usual order of law-books, and gives on 
every subject a large number of Hadiths 



208 



LAW. 



and the opinions of the great doctors, Abu 
Hanlfah, al-Shafi'i and Malik, as well as 
copious quotations from al-Grhazzali. But 
he mixes up with the strictly legal questions 
a great deal of religious and Sufi comments. 
From this and from the numerous verses of 
Maulana Rumi added in the margin he 
would seem to have been a religious charac- 
ter, perhaps a Maulawi, rather than a pro- 
fessional Faklh. 

The MS. begins abruptly in the midst of 
an introduction treating of lawful and un- 
lawful science. Then comes a chapter on 
understanding, beginning: JUJ JlxM ,j 



j liA. JLo j\ 



J13 



The first legal chapter, treating of purifi- 
cation, fol. 115, has the following heading: 



The most important of the subsequent 
headings are as follows : 

Fol. 32a. 



Fol. 98a. 



j.yflj 



. 121ft. 



Fol. 130a, 



Then come chapters on the holiness of the 
Coran and of the several Surahs, on various 
prayers, and on what is lawful or unlawful. 
The latter part of the work treats of civil 
law in the usual order : juH, fol. 202 ; 
fol. 216; JwlN, fol. 219a; S\*l4l, fol. 



U*j, fol. 2255; al, fol. 2295, etc. It 
ends with some rules and observances of 
religious life. 

Endorsed by a recent hand, 



SECTARIAN LAW-BOOKS. 

Ibadis. 

327. 

Or. 2434. Foil. 73 ; 11 in. by 8 ; 20 lines, 
5y in. long ; written in a rather rude and 
cursive Neskhi, apparently in the 19th 
century. 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

The Diwan of Ahmad B. al-Nazr al- 
Samau'ali al-'Umani al-lbadi, with the title : 



Beg. 



Jl? 



+>.> 

The Diwan is alphabetically arranged, and 
consists of twenty-five didactic poems, treat- 
ing severally of the precepts of the law with 
regard to ablutions, fasting, pilgrimage, 
sales, divorce, inheritance, unlawful drinks, 
tithes, and other legal subjects, according to 
the Ibadi sect. Three are strictly theological, 
and have the following headings : 

Fol. 175. SijjSM Jft'i^lj JUftN ji. J 

Fol. 62a. 



Foi. 715. 

Ahmad B. al-Nazr is quoted in the Kamus 
al-Shari'ah (see above, p. 122), vol. v., 
pp. 65, 67. 



IBADI FURU'. 



328. 

Or. 2915. Foil. 193 ; 8 in. by 6J- ; 13 lines 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, apparently 
in the 19th century. 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES." 

The second volume of a commentary upon 
the preceding Diwan, u \yi ^J 



Beg. 



<j JVii 



y* IfcJ JiOli yW\ j JN 



The text of the poems is written entire 
and in red ink ; but their arrangement is 
not, as in the preceding MS., alphabetical. 
The first of the present MS. begins at fol. 
386 of the preceding, and the first poem of 
the latter begins at fol. 123a of the present 
MS. The commentary deals principally in 
verbal explanations, and contains copious 
poetical quotations. The name of its author 
does not appear. He is probably identical 
with Muhammad B. Wassaf, who is men- 
tioned in the Kamus al-Shari'ah, vol. viii., 
p. 307, as commentator of the poems of Ibn 
al-Nazr : 



329. 



Or. 2085. Foil. 70 ; 8f in. by 6$; 15 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi on 
European paper in the 19th century. 

[Presented by SIR JOHN KIBE.] 



A full exposition of creed and law, accord- 
ing to the Ibadi sect, by Darwish B. Jum'ah 
B. 'Umar al-Mahruki al-Ibadi al-Adami al- 
'Umani. 



Ul . . . 



w 



Prefixed to the work is a table of the 
sixty-seven Babs of which it consists, where 
the author's name appears as follows : 



J* 



WAS- 



yi 



According to that table, the work com- 
prised all the usual heads of legal books ; 
but the present MS. contains only the first 
nineteen Babs, which treat of religious belief 
and obligations. Their headings are as 
follows : 

Fol. 56. *iyij fLJl .JJ. J 1. 



Fol. 96. i 



2. 



Fol. lib. $ U ^ JUo U1 jj^-y J 3 



Fol. 

Fol. 23a. 
Fol. 28. 
Fol. 306. 



4. 






5. 



6. 



Jlib Uj *la 
I *_,*., s}LJJ yVs^yi ^3 7 



iojj Uj 



Fol. 43a. 



*j 8. 



B E 



210 



LAW. 



The next following Babs, 916, foil. 466 
58o, treat of special kinds of prayers, such 

as iifrU^ s&o, u>.Jti &e, ji-M iL, etc. 
Then come the following Babs : 

Fol. 59a. U 2J U3 - S5\ to\ 17. 



Fol. 656. 



Fol. 676. a-iiuj U, 



18. 



J 19. 



330. 

Or. 3327. Foil. 470; 10 Jin. by 7i; 24 lines, 
3f in. long; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Isfahan, from 1 Jumada II., A.H. 1045, to 
20 Dulhijjah, A.H. 1046 (A.D. 163537). 

[H. A. STERN.] 



A treatise of law according to the Shl'ah 
tradition, by Abu Ja'far Muhammad B. 'Ali 
B. al-Husain, called Ibn Babawaih al-Kummi, 
who died in Rai, A.H. 381. See Tusy's List 
of Shy'ah books, p. 304; Majalis al-Muminin, 
fol. 223; Kisas al-'Ulama, pp. 29399; 
Muntaha '1-Makal, p. 282 ; and the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 3856. 



Beg 



\ 



\x>\ 



The author composed this -book at the 
request of the Sharif Muh. B. al-Hasan B. 
Ishak, called Ni'mat Allah, whom he met in 



Balkh, and who suggested to him the above 
title in imitation of the work of al-Razi, 
entitled 



The work is divided into four Juz, each of 
which comprises a great number of sections 
called Babs. Juz I. treats of ablution and 
prayer. It begins, fol. 2a, with U^ i b 
V^j\a2j \&j$fj, and ends with 3jLa5\j^y L-^b. 
Juz II. treats of the legal alms, of fasting and 
pilgrimage. It begins, fol. 1176, with 2* i->b 
Sj$j5l i_. >j*-j, and ends with prescriptions 
relating to the visitation of the tombs of the 
Imams. Juz III. and IV. treat of civil law. 
Juz III. begins, fol. 2356, with jy ^ t->b 
&j.5\ f^-& , and ends with "up* < >b 
*, p &\ & J^\j)\^J\. Juz IV. 
begins, fol. 3506, with LS d\ ,jbUe 
and ends with ^_>lj^J\ <-?>^ j>-\ 



The last chapter contains precepts ad- 
dressed by Muhammad to 'Ali, and other 
utterances of the Pr"ophet. In an appendix, 
foil. 4496 4696, the author gives his Isnads 
for all the Hadiths quoted in the work. 

Copyist : ,_yu-ii +J&M ^x ^ J^La ^ j*e 

On the last page is a licence dated Dul- 
hijjah, A.H. 1046, granted to the copyist, 
there called Amir Sulaiman al-Husaini al- 
Tuni al-Najafi, by Ahmad B. Zain al-'Abidm 
al-'Alawi, before whom he had read the 
work. 

Sayyid Nizam al-Dm Ahmad B. Zain al- 
'Abidin al-'Alawi al-'Amili, by whom the 
above licence is signed, was a disciple of 
Muh. Bakir Damad and of Baha al-Dm al- 
'Amili. One of his numerous works is a 
refutation of Geronimo Xavier, entitled Mas- 
kal i Safa (Persian Catalogue, p. 286). See 
Nujum al-Sama, p. 71. 

For other copies of Ibn Babawaih's work 



SHI'AH FURU'. 



211 



see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 41 5o. ; the 
Bodleian Catalogue, vol. ii., nos. 84 86; 
and Loth, no. 289. A commentary upon 
the same by Muh. Taki Majlisi is noticed in 
the Petersburg Catalogue, no. 253. 



331. 

Or. 3585. Foil. 276 ; 9f in. by 6 ; 25 lines, 
65- in. long ; written in fair old Neskhi, 
probably in the 1 2th century, with the 
exception of foil. 77-78, 157, 161181, and 
275, which have been supplied by a some- 
what later hand and are dated al-Hillah, 
Jumiida I., A.H. 697 (A.D. 1298). 

[S. CHURCHILL.] 

The first volume of an extensive work on 
Furu' according to the Shl'ah sect, by 
Muhammad B. al-Hasan al-Tusi, with the 
following title written by the hand of the 
original scribe ; .-a..,:^ ^ &Si5\ ,j 



Beg. 



Abu Ja'far Muh. B. al-Hasan B. 'Ali al- 
Tusi, the great doctor of the Shl'ah, em- 
phatically called Shaikh al-Ta'ifah, or simply 
al-Shaikh, was born A.H. 385, lived chiefly 
in Baghdad, and died in Najaf, A.H. 460. 
His Kitab al-Mabsut is praised as a match- 
less work, and the eighty-one books it com- 
prises are enumerated in full in " Tusy's 
List of Shy'ah Books," p. 286. See also 
Majalis al-Muminin, Add. 16,716, fol. 237 ; 
Muntaha '1-Makal, p. 269 ; Kisas al-'Ulama, 
.p. 312 ; and Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 50, fol. 73. 

The author was induced to write this work, 



as he states in the preface, by the taunts of 
legists of adverse sects, who reproached the 
Imamiyyah with their deficiency in treatises 
on the Furu*. He refers to a work written 

long since by himself, b\$\ S-^L/, in which 
he had set forth the leading principles of the 
law according to the traditions of his school, 
and he proposes in the present work, to set 
forth in full detail their application to par- 
ticular points of law. It embraces, he says, 
both.Usul and Furu', and is more compre- 
hensive than any work of the adversaries, not 
to speak of the Shi'ah, who, with the excep- 
tion of his own Kitab al-Nihayah, possessed 
only compendiums. 



The work is divided into books, < 
some of which are subdivided into chapters, 
J-aJ. The following are the Kitabs con- 
tained in the present volume : Sj^UV fol. 3a ; 

u^\ fol. 166 ; SjUM, fol. 27a; j\~J\ *o, 
fol. 516 ; **+, fol. 54 ; i&lJ*, fol. 576 ; 
, fol. 61a ; u >.^\ **>, fol. 63a ; 



, fol. 64a ; jVJ, fol. 646 ; ity, 



fol. 706 ; >iN, fol. 87a ; 
Jfli% fol. 886; fy J\, fol. 956; 
fol. 1026; J', fol. 1046 ; L5*iuWj \^\ fol. 
132a ; ^j\ i>-j ^\ fol. 135a ; _y 
,fol. 145a; ^.Ui!\j Jl\ 'i^, fol. 153<J ; 

, fol. 157a; ^J>\ fol. 187a; j}\ fol. 
; u*X&\ fol. 212a ; j^\ fol. 221a ; 

, fol. 223a ; *J^, fol. 2306 ; U U-J\, fol. 
2336; '6j*\ fol. 240a ; *J^, fol. 2456; 
}}1K t fol. 260a ; h}^\ foil. 273a 275a. 



The volume is designated in the colophon 
as the first of al-Mabsut, ^j-jtt ^ Jj^jj^ f, 
and it is added that the next volume was to 
t_-Vl/ 

E E 2 



begin with 



212 



LAW. 



The scribe who wrote the supplementary 
leaves, including the last, calls himself 



At the beginning is a table of contents in 
the handwriting of the original scribe, and 
at the back of the same leaf, is an entry 
relating to the birth of a son, Abu '1-Kasim 
'Ali B. Yusuf B. Mutahhar, A.H. 635. This 
was the elder brother of the well-known 
Shi'ah scholar, Hasan B. Yusuf B. Mutahhar 
al-Hilli, who was born A.H. 648. Both his 
father, who made the above entry, and his 
elder brother are mentioned as scholars of 
note. See Amal al-Amil, pp. 40, 56, and 
Muntaha '1-Makal, p. 335. 

332. 

Or. 4028. Foil. 175 ; 7f in. by 6 ; 14 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in fair Persian Neskhi, 
apparently in the 16th century. 

[GrLASEK, no. 330.] 

A Shi'ah work on the Furu', imperfect at 
beginning and end. 

The first paragraph begins : 



M J\ c 
Kitab al-Salat begins, fol. 8a, as follows : 



*J 



*ju 



The next following books are 



fol. 30a ; 
fol. 38a ; 
fol. 45a; 
fol. 73a, etc. 



, fol. 37a ; 
, fol. 44a ; 

. 68a; i 



The last books are ( jo\* a &\ <-^, fol. 1666, 
and c^>M V^, fol. 172a. The MS. breaks 
off after the first four leaves of the last. 

The work proves to be xfl^^oli? *jli)l, 
an abridgment by Najm al-Dln Abu '1-Kasim 
Ja'far B. al-Hasan al-Hilli, of his own work 
entitled ^ J^Ai Jjl-- j ^W ^\^,, 

noticed in the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 725a, 
415a. The Mukhtasar al-Nafi' has been 
lithographed in the press of Nawal Kishor, 
Lucknow. The contents of the MS. corre- 
spond with pp. 7 146 of that edition. 

The author, whose full name is Najm al- 
Din Abu '1-Kasim Ja'far B. al-Hasan B. 
Yahya B. al-Hasan B. Sa'id al-Hilli, enjoys 
the highest authority with the Shi'ah, who 
call him al-Muhakkik al-Awwal. He was 
born A.H. 602 in Hillah, and died there, in 
consequence of a fall from the top of his house, 
A.H. 676. The Nan' is mentioned among 
his numerous works in the notices of his 
life. See Muntaha '1-Makal, p. 75 ; Kisas 
al-'Ulama, p. 276; Amal al-Amil, p. 36; 
and Majalis al-Mumimn, Add. 16,716, 
fol. 2786. 

333. 

Or. 3530. Foil. 268; 10iin.by7f; 21 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
25 Eamadan, A.H. 1019 (A.D. 1610). 

The last volume of an extensive work on 
Shi'ah law, imperfect at the beginning, and 
containing neither title nor author's name. 



It is part of the work entitled 

J^U 'sJjM ^, by Jamal al-Dln Abu 

Mansur al-Hasan B. Yusuf B. 'Ali B. al- 
Mutahhar al-Hilli, the great Shi'ah doctor, 
commonly called al-'Allamah, who was born 
A.H. 648 and died A.H. 726. See Majalis 
al-Muminin, Add. 16,716, fol. 278; Amal 



SHI'AH FURU'. 



213 



al-Amil, p. 40 ; Kisas al-'Ulama, p. 
and Muntaha '1-Makal, p. 105. 



269 ; 



The identity of the work is established by 
the Wasiyyah, or pious exhortation, addressed 
by the author to his son, with which it con- 
cludes, foil. 2656 267a, and which is found 
quoted in extenso in the Majalis al-Muminm, 
fol. 282. There the author describes his 
work as follows : Ua> 



He says, further on, that he had then 
completed his fiftieth year, which must have 
been A.H. 698. In conclusion he enjoins 
his son to complete and correct such of 
his works as he should leave unfinished. 
The latter was Fakhr al-Dln Abu Talib 
Muhammad B. al- Hasan, called Fakhr al- 
Muhakkikin, born A.H. 680, and deceased 
A.H. 771. He wrote upon the present work 
a commentary known as al-Idah, the full 
title of which is c^^iJ^Le J- Jj .w.\jaM ^^a^ 
ii\j3', and he performed the task committed 
to him by his father. See Kisas al-'Ulama, 
p. 267 ; Amal al-Amil, p. 62 ; and Majalis 
al-Mumimn, fol. 281. 

The present volume begins abruptly in 
the third Bab of Kitab al-Nikah. It con- 
tains, besides, the following books: t-j'-I/ 
J^, or dissolution of marriage, in five Babs, 
fol. B9b; jU\ ^tX fol. 68a; 
fol. 986; A-^JI v_>\s/, fol. 1186; 



fol. 128a; Ua)\ -\X, fol. 1626; a,jA i 
fol. 2006 ; and Ob.Uii ^>\sf, foil. 21 9a 2656. 
The first of the above books begins : L-t 



Copious extracts from the commentary 
above-mentioned, al-Idiih, are written in a 
minute character on the margins, and, in 
some cases, on inserted slips. 

Appended is a short treatise of three pages 
on errors committed in the legal prayer, 
without author's name : ^JJl ^~J! ill-, 



On the fly-leaf is written 
Lex'Mohammedanorum, ad Joseph H. Churi 
pertinet, emptus Beryti, die 20 Septeinbris, 
1861. 

For the beginning and preface of the work 
see Rosen, Notices Sommaires, no. 135, and 
the Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., no. 1875. 

334. 

Or. 1297. Foil. 287 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 26 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in Neskhi ; dated Sunday, 
5 Muharram, A.H. 1254 (A.D. 1838). 

[SCHINDLEE.] 



A commentary by Zain al-Din B. 'Ali B. 
Ahmad al-Shami al-'Amili upon a treatise of 
Shi'ah law, by al-Shahid Muhammad B. 
Makki, entitled al-Lum'ah al-Dimashkiyyah, 
or more fully (fol. 5a) &iu 



Beg. of the Lum'ah: 



lU" "1 



Beg. of the Comm. : 

. . . * 



<<ll 



214 



LAW. 



The author of the Lum'ah, Shams al-DTn 
Muhammad B. Makki al-'Amili, who is called 
by the Shi'ah the first martyr, Jj^M &1\, 
was thrown into prison as a Rafidi by Bai- 
damur, governor of Damascus, upon the 
denunciation of the Kadi Ibn Jama'ah, and 
was put to death after a year's confinement. 
It is said that he wrote the Lum'ah in prison, 
and without any books, in the space of seven 
days, and sent it as a present to Sultan 'All 
Mu'ayyad of Khorasan, who had invited him 
to his Court. Two dates are assigned to his 
death, A.H. 782 (Kisas al-Ulama, p. 255) 
and A.H. 786 (Majalis al-Muminm, Add. 
16,716, fol. 283, and Amal al-Amil, p. 30). 
The earlier date alone can be reconciled with 
the fact that he was put to death by order of 
Baidamur ; for that Amir (Saif al-Dm Bai- 
damur al-Khuwarazmi) was deposed from the 
governorship of Damascus A.H. 782. See 
Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 356. 

The commentator, Zain al-Dm B. 'Ali, 
was born A.H. 911 at a place called *f=-, 
near Saida, and was also put to death as a 
Shi'ah, it is said in Constantinople, A.H. 966. 
He is therefore called by his co-religionists 
the second martyr, ^^ a-j^iN. See for his 
life and numerous works Nakd al-Rijal, 
fol. 86 ; Amal al-Amil, p. 14 ; Kisas al- 
'Ulama, p. 197; and Muntaha'l-Makal, p. 141, 
where the present work is mentioned. 

The commentary contains the entire text 
of the Lum'ah, in short passages, distin- 
guished by a red line drawn over them. 
The work is divided into two parts (Juz) of 
equal extent. The first begins with i_AiL/ 
and ends with ts-R L_>\X/. The 



second begins, fol. 140, with 
and ends with ciA.J>M c 



The commentator says at the end that he 
finished the work on the eve of Saturday, 
the 21st of Jumada I., A.H. 957. 



Copyist : 



Jot 



joe. 



335. 



Or. 3578. Foil. 199 ; 6f in. by 4; 14 lines, 
1$ in. long ; written in small Persian Neskhi, 
in the latter half of the 19th century. 

[S. CHURCHILL.] 



A commentary by Mulla Hadi Sabzawari 
upon his own metrical treatise on Shi'ah 
law. 



Beg. of the Comm. : 



aJJ 



Beg. of the Poem : 

\_lfcy ^JJ 



The author's name is given in this line, 
fol. 5b : 



to which the commentary adds 



Mulla Hadi B. al-Haj Mulla Mahdi al- 
Sabzawari is noticed in the Riyad al-'Arifm, 
lithographed in Teheran, A.H. 1305, p. 241. 
He studied philosophy in Isfahan under 
Maulana Isma'il Isfahani and Mulla 'Ali 
Nuri. He subsequently settled in his native 
place, Sabzawar, where he was still alive at 
the date of composition, i.e., A.H. 1278, 
being then sixty-three years old. His poetical 
name was Asrar. He had written, besides 
the present work, a Manzumah on philosophy, 
another on logic, glosses to the works of 
Sadr al-Dm Shirazi, etc. Gobineau, writing 
in 1865, speaks of him as still living. See 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



215 



" Les Religions et les Philosophies dans 
1'Asie Centrale," p. 99. 

The above title is found in the preface to 
the commentary, fol. 26. In the poem itself 
the work is called 



The work, which deals largely with the 
hidden or spiritual sense of the legal or- 
dinances, extends only to the first portion 
of the usual divisions of legal works. The 
main sections, which are termed J.fl**, treat 
of the following subjects : tj\^\\, fol. 10a ; 

, fol. 52a ; SKpl, fol. 79a ; ^\, fol. 936 ; 

fol. 1026 ; \, foil. 152a 199a. 



This copy belonged originally to Prince 
Jalal ud-Dln Mirza, who wrote his name in 
it, with the date A.H. 1291. 



Zaidis. 

336. 



Or. 3971. Foil. 31 ; 12 in. by 8J ; about 
40 lines, 5 in. long ; written in cursive and 
ill- shaped Neskhi, with ruled margins; dated 
San'a, the last day of Ramadan, A.H. 1215 
(A.D. 1801). [GLASEB, no. 265.] 

I. Foil. 1 15. Answers of Imam Yahya 
B. al-Husain to legal questions put to him 
by Abu Ja'far Muhammad B. Sulaiman al- 
Kufi, written down by the latter. 



Beg. c-JL. 



Six,. yl JIS 



On the first page is written this title: 
3\ tjj~li ^ ( _ 5 Jdtf .,^-J\ jJiP (j*\$ (^^ <-r>^if 

Imam al-Hadi was proclaimed in Yemen 
A.H. 283, and died A.H. 298. See his life, 
Or. 3901, where Abu Ja'far B. Sulaiman is 



often quoted as one of his principal followers. 
Kitab al-Funun is mentioned as one of his 
legal works. See Hada'ik, Or. 3786, fol. 18a ; 
Yawakltal-Siyar,fol. 157; and al-Tarjuman, 
fol. 126. The answers are arranged under 
the usual headings of law-books, beginning 
with _J1, and ending with b\*o^\ 

II. Foil. 1521. Kitab al-Rada', ^'^ 
o}\, on laws relating to the suckling of 
infants and to foster-relatives, by the same 
Imam. 



Beg. 4111 JU' altt 



J'J 



The Kitab al-Rada' is mentioned by the 
above-stated authorities as one of th& works 
of al-Hadi. See above, no. 206, xxxii. 

III. Foil. 2125. A work in support of 
the claims of 'Ali to the Imamate, QJ^J Jj 
\, by the same. 



Beg. 



See no. 206, xxxiii. 

IV. Foil. 2528. A tract on the above 
subject by the same Imam, or, according to 
others, by Zaid B. Ali (d. A.H. 122), 

,. 



See ib., xxxiv. 

V. Foil. 286 29a. The covenant of al- 
Hadi Yahya B. al-Husain, ^J\ ^\^\ J^fr 1J* 

it i 

l t *p*t*f i,j^ <- ^^J^*' f**' |*^ 

See ib., xxxv. 

VI. Foil. 29a 31a. A tract on the 
"Throne," by the same, < 



>b/ 1 j* 



216 



LAW. 



It sets forth the spiritual meaning of the 
bodily attributes applied to God. See ib., 



xxx vi. 



The last five tracts, ii. vi., form the con- 
cluding portion of an extensive collection of 
theological and legal treatises by al-Hadi, 
described under no. 206. 



337. 

Or. 3940. Foil. 189 ; 10 in. by 6 ; 23 or 
24 lines, 5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, 
apparently in the 13th century, except foil.- 
2 10 and 186 189, which have been sup- 
plied by another hand, A.H. 1073 (A.D. 
1662-3). [GLASEE, no. 234.] 



Kitab al-Muntakhab, a book of law, con- 
sisting of the answers of Imam Yahya B. al- 
Husain to the questions of Abu Ja'far Muh. 
B. Sulaiman al-Kufi (see the preceding no.), 
compiled by the latter, and arranged under 
the usual headings of legal works. 



The title is : 



> &Sfl!\ J 



Beg. 



JIS 



The compiler says that he submitted all 
disputed questions to the Imam, as the only 
legitimate authority, and he proceeds to 
demonstrate that Yahya B. al-Husain was 
possessed of all the necessary qualifications 
of a rightful Imam. The first chapter, 
fol. 7, Jj-e^ &JJ*A (_-)b , contains the Imam's 
answers respecting the bases of the law. 



The second, fol. 85, yt>J\ JjU, relates 
to ablution. The remaining subjects are 
dealt with, in the usual order, in sections 
termed Babs, and the work concludes with 
the questions relating to bodily punishments. 

The last chapter is u^ls^ .J Jj!) i-^b 



The Kitab al-Muntakhab is mentioned in 
the Hada'ik, Or. 3786, fol. 18a, and in al- 
Tarjuman, fol. 1256, as one of al-Hadi's 
works. 

338. 

Or. 4031. Foil. 126; 9J in. by 6; about 
27 lines, 5 in. long; written in bold and 
distinct, but sparely pointed, Neskhi ; dated 
Saturday, last day of Safar, A.H. 721 
(A.D. 1321). [GLASEB, no. 333.] 



The Ifadah, or legal teachings of Imam al- 
Mu'ayyad-billah Abu '1-Husain Ahmad B. al- 
Husain, arranged by al-Ustad Abu '1-Kasim 
Ja'far B. al-Hasan B. 'Ali al-Husami. 

The following title is prefixed in the hand- 
writing of the copyist : i_ju)\3 



Jr-j 



Beg. "U* * 



Imam al-Mu'ayyad billah, called al-Haruni, 
one of the great authorities of the Zaidis, 
was born in Amul, A.H. 333, and died in 
Lanja, in the Dailam country, A.H. 411. 
See Yawakit al-Siyar, Or. 3771, fol. 163, and 
al-Hada'ik, Or. 3786, fol. 7297. Ustad 
Abu '1-Kasim, one of his disciples, wrote 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



217 



down and arranged his principal works on 
law, the Ifadah and the Ziyadat. See al- 
Tarjuman, Add. 18,513, fol. 133. 

The first portion of the MS. contains the 
following Kitabs in the usual order : s 

fol. 16; 3LaM, fol. 4a; j?.UJJ, fol. 10a ; 



fol. lla ; fyA\ fol. 146 ; fol. 17 a ; 

fol. 226 ; J^m, fol. 28a. In the remaining 
portion, folios have been transposed, others 
are missing, and in the absence of catch- 
words or of another copy, restoring the 
original order would be a difficult task. 
Kitab al-Siyar, which should conclude the 
work, begins at fol. 766. The last section, 
fol. 126a, is JbjSM ^J J-oi 

339. 

Or. 3858. Foil. 317; Ilfin.by7f; 31 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Friday, the 1st of Dulhijjah, A.H. 1078 
(A.D. 1668). [GLASER, no. 146.] 



A new and improved recension, by Muhyi 
al-DIn Abu ' Abdallah Muhammad B. Ahmad 
B. 'AH Ibn al-Walid, of the commentary of 
Abu Mudar upon the Ziyadat. 



Beg. 



J\S . . . 



J-ifcM 



The author says that he had perused most 
of the books which his master Shams al-Dm 
Ja'far B. Ahmad B. 'Abd al-Salam B. Abi 



Yahya had brought back from Irak. He had 
especially read with him the obbjH _^, or 
commentary of Kadi 'Imad al-Dm Abu 
Mudar Shuraih B. al-Mu'ayyad al-Mu'ayyadi 
al-Shuraihi upon the Ziyadat, or " additional 
decisions" of Imam al-Mu'ayyad-billah. Abu '1- 
Husain Ahmad B. al-Husain al-Haruni al- 
Hasani (see the preceding no.). His object 
in the present work was to reduce its con- 
tents to a more systematic order for the sake 
of easy reference. 

The legal teachings of Imam al-Mu'ayyad 
were compiled in his life-time, by one of his 
Faklh, Abu'l-Kasim B. Tal, in two works, 
entitled al-Ifiidah and al-Ziyadat. The latter 
was commented upon about the same time by 
Kadi Abu Mudar Shuraih B. al-Mu'ayyad, 
whose father, al-Mu'ayyad, held the office of 
Kadi under the above-said Imam. See al- 
Hada'ik al-Wardiyyah, Or. 3786, foil. 7297, 
and al-Tarjuman, fol. 132. 

In the Riwayat, which the author gives at 
the end of his preface for both the commen- 
tary and the Ziyadat, Ustiid Abu'l-Kasim is 
mentioned as the compiler of the latter. 

The author of the present recension lived 
in the time of Imam al-Mansur-billah 'Abd- 
allah B. Hamzah (A.H. 594614). The 
author of the Hada'ik, who died A.H. 652, 
calls him his own Shaikh, v. fol. 766. 

The contents are arranged under the usual 
headings of legal works. The first of the 
two parts (Juz) into which the MS. is divided, 
contains *& JJi *, fol. 26 ; 



fol. 19a ; ?j(p\ J J-J, fol. 55a ; 
fol. 796 ; J^ JJl, fol. 88a ; ^&\ J J-f, 
fol. 966; and jiUaH JJU-, fol. 1316. The 
second part begins with ejjjJ^ JoL-c, fol. 1486, 
and ends with J.A^ J^ , fol. 316a. 



This copy was written for Sayyid al- 
p P 



218 



LAW. 



Husain B. Ahmad B. al-Hasan B. Amir al- 
Mumimn (who died A.H. 1094; v. Bughyat 
al-Murid, fol. 102) by Sayyid Hasan B. Salah 
al-Hamzi al-Haifi. 

A MS. of the Ziyadat is mentioned by 
Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammlung, no. 188, 2. 



340. 

Or. 4040. Foil. 187; 9$ in. by 6; from 
22 to 26 lines, 5J in. long ; written in fair 
Neskhi; dated Rabi' I., A.H. 558 (A.D. 1163). 

, no. 342.] 



A work on Zaidi law, by al-Sayyid al- 
Natik bil-hakk Abu Talib Yahya B. al-Husain 
B. Harun al-Hasani, with this title prefixed 

by the scribe : jkU-M ,x..J\ 



Beg. 



JJ\ 



15! 



Ufc^ 



jj 



The author, commonly called Sayyid Abu 
Talib al-Haruni, was proclaimed Imam in 
al-Dailam after the death of his brother al- 
Mu'ayyad-billah Ahmad B. al-Husain, A.H. 
411, and died A.H. 424, upwards of eighty 
years old. The Tahrlr and its commentary 
in sixteen volumes are mentioned among his 
numerous writings. See Hada'ik, Or. 3812, 
fol. 27, and al-Tarjuman, Add. 18,513, 
fol. 1336. 

From the preface it appears that the author 
compiled, and arranged under the usual 
headings, the legal teachings 'of two earlier 
Imams of great authority with the Zaidis, 
al-Kasim B. Ibrahim (al-Eassi, who died 



A.H. 246) and Yahya B. al-Husain (al-Hadi, 
who died A.H. 298). 

In the present copy the work is divided 
into two equal parts. The first contains the 
following main divisions (Kitab), variously 

subdivided into Babs : *j\$A\, fol. U ; 
fol. 106; jiWlfol. 276; *}\, fol. 30a ; 
fol. 41a; ^\, fol. 416 ; ^Uol. 466 ; 
fol. 59a; j^JaH, fol. 71a; Ol5Ai3\, fol. 846; 
gUp^, fol. 87a ; yjJI, fol. 88a. 

The second part comprises the following 
Kitabs: L*iJ^ fol. lOla; ^U^M, fol. 1036; 
tfjjjh, fol. 108a; i,UJ^ fol. 1106; 
fol. 113a; ^}\, fol. 1146; olSj-J^ 
fol. 118a ; USj\, fol. 1196 ; **IAJ\, fol. 1206; 
_j*an, fol. 1216 ; ^\, i>l^J\j jH^j J^Jl, 
fol. 123a ; oj,\a^|, jj^j u Ui*, fol. I27a ; 
ik^j Jl^, fol. 1316; gyiN, J-^l, fol. 
132a ; w^l, W^^, fol. 1346 ; JLXj ^.UW 
^Jj^.^1,, fol. 1356; 0\^\j c^V&JI, fol. 
137a ; }}$, fol. 141a ; oblfliH, fol. 143a ; 
Uty\, fol. 146a; ^U^^ LJ^j, LJli)l, fol. 
1476; ^r-IijJ^ fol. I486; ^^ J-a3), fol. 
1496; ^^\ L->^, fol. 1506; j,jjl, fol. 
1526; <jUS|,' cL>b.u4l fol. 1586; ObjJl, 
fol. 1606 ; bUjN, fol. 1656 ; 
168a ; jxJI, fol. 1806. 

Copyist: ^ (> ^ >wj ^ 



On the last page is a note stating that the 
MS. had been three times collated, A.H. 588. 

For another copy see Ahlwardt, Glaser- 
sche Sammlung, no. 74. 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



219 



341. 

Or. 3839. Foil. 140 ; 8 in. by 6 ; from 24 
to 27 lines, 4>\ in. long; written in fair, 
rather angular, Neskhi, apparently in the 



[GLASER, no. 127.] 



13th century. 



The second volume of an enlarged edition 
of the preceding work, al-Tahrir. 

On the first page is the following early, 
partly obliterated, inscription : ^ ,jU5\ 



Qaxii* 



The text agrees in a great measure with 
the preceding MS., the divisions and head- 
ings of which are preserved ; but it is en- 
larged by explanatory passages, beginning 

mostly with ^^\ u*, and by other 
additions, which, according to the above 
title, proceeded from Kadi Muh. B. 'Abdallah 
B. Mu'arrif, and were written down by Sayyid 
Sharaf al-Dln Sulaiman B. Sahan (?) B. Kasim 
al-Hamzi. 

The present volume begins with Kitab al- 
Buyu', as follows : e.xJ\ 

Jib. *JO 



It ends with b.L?^)\ <~r>^, the last nine 
lines of which have been supplied by a later 
hand. The contents correspond with foil. 
88a 168a of the preceding MS. 



342. 

Or. 3949. Foil. 225 ; 11 in. by 8 ; 20 lines, 
4| in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Rabi' I., A.H. 814 (A.D. 1411). 

[GLASEE, no. 243.] 



The fourth volume of Kitab al-Luma', :i 
text-book of law, by Jamal al-Dln 'Ali B. al- 
Husain B. al-Hadi, with the following title: 



Beg. 



U\ cu 



* 



The author, 'Ali B. al-Husain B. Yahya 
B. Yahya al-Nasir, one of the Sadat al-Jibal, 
descendants of Imam al-Hadi Yahya B. al- 
Husain, lived about the beginning of the 
seventh century of the Hi j rah. He died in 
Kata'ir, and was buried by the side of his 
first cousin, Amir Badr al-Dln Muh. B. 
Ahmad B. Yahya B. Yahya, who died A.H. 
624, and whose son al-Hasan was raised to 
the Imamate with the title of al-Mansur- 
billah, A.H. 657, and died A.H. 670. See 
al-Tarjuman, Add. 18,513, foil. 150154. 

The Luma' is an expanded recension of 
al-Tahrlr (no. 340), and the foundation of 
al-Tadkirah (Or. 3861). It follows the 
arrangement of the former work, with almost 
identical headings. 

The present volume contains the following 
Kitabs : O^laO^j ^V.^ fol. 2b ; 

fol. 30a; 

>&, fo1 - 38a '> 
F P 2 



226 ; 



fol. 
fol. 



220 



LAW. 



vjWj, fol. 426 ; y'JjjS-,^ j^ o^UN, foL 
4Sb ; oUuuNj uateaN, fol. 536 ; ^\ fol. 716 ; 

l, fol. 836 ; iKjN, fol. 104 ; 
, fol. 113a; (j-jJuiW, fol. 118a 
jxJl, si/^j \j>^, fol. 123a ; ^Jl 
fol. 133a; ijjj\ fol. 1416; 
1576; i*UD\j Objl, fol. 1756; 
1846 ; jxJl, foil. 1976 223a. 



fol. 
foL 



The margins contain a gloss, sxi>W, with- 
out author's name, written at the same time 
as the text, in a minute character. It 

begins: ^W 



343. 



Or. 3942. Foil. 241 ; 10 in. by 7f ; from 
33 to 40 lines, 5^ in. long; written in fine 
and small, imperfectly pointed, Neskhi; ap- 
parently in the 14th century. 

[GLASER, no. 236.] 

A gloss upon the preceding work, al- 
Luma', without author's name. 



Beg. 



*+* 



The gloss extends over the whole work. 
It is divided in the present copy into four 
parts of about equal length. The first 

extends from *j\$A\ (_->l^/to ^ ^i-^', the 
second, fol. 70, from _&)\ ^J^ to 
<.)~A\ ; the third, fol. 113, from iil3\ 
to ~M>*$\ <->Vi/; and the fourth, fol. 178, 
from 



On the outer margin is written &Ji'J\ jJuo 
c- ( . r ^-\, "gloss of Fakih Ahsan (al- 
Hasan) upon the Luma'." 

Another gloss on the same work, by Yusuf 
B. Ahmad B. 'Uthman, is mentioned by 
Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammluug, no. 61. 

The present copy was written for Kadi 
Taki al-Dln al-Khidr B. Kasim B. Ahmad al- 
ii arithi by Idris B. Sulaiman B. Muh. B. 
H abash al-Nahwi. 

344. 

Or. 3800. Foil. 197 ; 10 in. by 6f ; 23 lines, 
5J in. long ; written in cursive, but distinct, 
Neskhi ; dated Sunday, eight nights before 
the end of Safar, A.H. 623 (A.D. 1226). 

[GLASER, no. 86.] 

I. Foil. 12197. The latter portion of a 
work on Zaidi law, without title or author's 
name, designated on the outer edge as 



It begins abruptly in the Kitab al-Wasaya. 
The first heading, which occurs on fol. 21a, is 



Beg. 



- 



The next following Kitabs are 
fol. 386, and UaN ->^ fo1 - 646 - Tlie ensuing 
sections are not termed kitab, but jj J^HM 
Obl^l, fol. 966; j^j u-jJ^N j J^!\, fol. 
114a ; j\j$\ J JyO\ yjb, fol. 1196 ; JjSW L^b 
j, fol. 129a, and so on, down to i>b 
i^b^j >U j J^EM, fol. 1736. The last 
section isxJl L^^, foil. 1706197. 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



The authority most frequently quoted is 
al-Mu'ayyad-billah, author of the Ifadah 
(no. 338). 

II. Foil. 1 11, which are written by the 
same hand, and were originally placed at the 
end of the volume, contain 

1. Foil. 17. Answers of 'Ali B. Humaid 
B. Ahmad B. al-Walid al-Kurashi to legal 
questions put to his father, Shaikh Muhyi al- 
Dln Humaid by al-Fakih 'Umair B. Mukbil 
al-Darir. 



Beg. 



The author says that, his father being 
extremely old, he took upon himself the task 
of writing down and enlarging his answers. 
The work was completed, as stated at the 
end, in Sha'ban, A.H. 620. 

The author's father, Shaikh Muhyi al-Dm 
Humaid B. Ahmad al-Kurashi, was one of 
the disciples of the great apostle of the 
Zaidis, Kadi Shams al-Dm Ja'far B. Ahmad 
B. { Abd al-Salam, who lived under al-Muta- 
wakkil Ahmad B. Sulaiman (A.H. 533566). 
See Tarjuman, fol. 141. 

2. Foil. 7 11. Another set of answers 
by 'Ali B. Humaid B. Ahmad B. al-Walid 
to the legal questions of the same Faklh. 

Beg. 



345. 

Or. 3926. Foil. 51 ; 8 in. by 5f ; 17 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in Neskhi, dated Satur- 
day, 16 Dulhijjah, A.H. 1068 (A.D. 1658). 

[GLASEE, no. 220.] 

A treatise on the rites of pilgrimage, 



entitled ^U,^ <->W, divided into seven 
chapters, the contents of which are set forth 
at the beginning as follows : i *?jS '$> Jj\ 



*J 



Ji Jy^ ^ Ij/ij i'j^ Ji 

Lsuf ^J J-a*j aft^yl J-ai) u l oo ^ 



ii |.Uj J\ 

The top of the first leaf has been cut 
away, probably to disguise the fact that this 
volume is only a portion of a larger work. 
The title, Kitab al-Irshiid, appears in the 
colophon. The author states at the end that 
the work was completed on the last Friday 
of Kabi' II., A.H. 632. He is designated in 
a modern endorsement as al-'Ansi, 



The sixth Fasl, which forms the main bulk 
of the work, foil. 8 32, describes the obser- 
vances of the pilgrimage under ten heads, 
termed ^y^i'. At the end is an appendix on 
the holiness of the descendants of the 
Prophet, including the Imams of the Zaidis, 
and on the Hadiths relating to them, foil. 
4651. 

346. 

Or. 3811. Foil. 184; 9 in. by 6; from 14 
to 17 lines, 4 in. long; written in fine large 
Neskhi with the vowels ; dated Jumada II., 
A.H. 688 (A.D. 1289). 

[GLASER, no. 98.] 

I. Foil. 4135. 



Answers of Imam al-Mahdi lidln-allah 
Ahmad B. al-Husain B. Ahmad B. al-Kasim 



222 



LAW. 



to legal questions, collected and arranged 
under the usual headings by al-Fakih Taki 
al-Dm 'All B. Salamah B. Yahya B. 'Amir 

al-Sarlmi : x\ .d 



erf J 6 



Jj 



Beg. 



.^^ 



Ui . 



Ahmad B. al-Husain, a descendant of 
Sayyid Isma'Il Tabataba, was proclaimed 
Imam, with the title al-Mahdi lidm-allah, 
A.H. 646. He was opposed by a rival Imam, 
'Ali B. "Wahhas, who deposed him and put 
him to death A.H. 656. See Yawakit al- 
Siyar, Or. 3771, foil. 169173, and Tiraz, 
Or. 2425, fol. 165. His legal answers have 
been collected in the Burhan by Muh. B. 
Hamzah B. Muzaffar. See al-Tarjuman, 
Add. 18,513, foil. 15759. 

The answers were gathered by the editor, 
as stated in the preface, partly from the 
Imam's own lips, partly from other enquirers, 
and partly from the Imam's original drafts. 
They are arranged under the headings of the 
Tahrir, beginning with is/^laN i_->ljtf, and end- 
ing 



The compiler states at the end that he 
completed the work on Monday, the ninth of 
Dulka'dah, A.H. 663, in a place designated 



II. Foil. 135158. 

Js>\ a,\. A political tract of the 



same Imam, in vindication of his claims 
against his opponents. 

Beg. UJo.ij* i\ jjo Ujjli' ijj "^ Uo . 

A copy is noticed by Ahlwardt, Berlin 
Catalogue, no. 2175, under the title of 



III. Foil. 159174. 
iL\ 



Another tract of 

the same Imam, reproving the remissness of 
his followers in supporting his claims. 

IV. Foil. 174178. An address of the 
same Imam to some of his Amirs, 



V. Foil. 178 183. A letter to some Amir, 



by the same, j>-\ 



j 



^LJ\ 



347. 

Or. 3979. Foil. 174; 9J in. by 7; about 
32 lines, 5| in. long ; written in bold flow- 
ing, almost unpointed, Neskhi ; apparently 
in the 14th century. 

[GLASER, no. 273.] 



The second volume of Kitab al-Intisar, 
the most voluminous of the legal books of 
the Zaidis, by Imam al-Mu'ayyad- billah 
Yahya B. Hamzah, with the following title 
prefixed by the hand of the scribe : 



Below the above, but written by another 
hand, is the author's name ; o-^ _\5 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



2-2 :{ 



The author, the most prolific writer among 
the Imams of the Zaidis, was born A.H. 669, 
was proclaimed Imam A.H. 729, and died 
A.H. 749. The Intisar, which is mentioned 
among his numerous works, is praised as a 
book unmatched in ancient or modern times, 
and described as consisting of eighteen 
volumes. The more popular work of al- 
Mahdi, entitled al-Bahr al-Zakhkhar, is said 
to contain the essence of the Intisar. See 
al-Tarjuman, Add. 18,513, fol. 164a, and al- 
Bahr, Or. 4021, fol. 93. 

This volume begins with the fourth and 
last Fasl of Bab 6 of Kitab al-Taharah, 
as follows : JulSUJI d>\^^ ^Uj ^J g\}\ 

U jxjyi u-kab .Ks-^1 J i/jl^N J\S 



It contains, besides, Babs 7 10 of the 
same Kitab, and the first part of SjLoM \ jUi, 
namely, al-Mukaddimah, fol. 1236; Bab 1, 
OlS,^ yjLj ( _ 5 J, fol. 1306 ; and Bab 2, 
^J^ J, fol. 15461746. 

The same subjects are dealt with in a 
much smaller compass in al-Bahr, Or. 3728, 
foil. 17a 40a. In the colophon the author 
states that this portion of the work was 
completed in the fort of Hiran, in the third 

decade of Kajab, A.H. 742 : 
^ JU1 jii J f 



~J 



348. 

Or. 3980. Foil. 274; llfin.bySJ; 24 lines, 



5J in. long ; written in fair, but imperfectly 
pointed, Neskhi ; dated in the middle decade 
of Dulka'dah, A.H. 947 (A.D. 1541). 

[GLASER, no. 274.] 

The third volume of the above work, 
,> 



Beg. yUU^ J\J c 



This volume is the continuation of the 
preceding, and contains Babs 3 9 of Kitab 
al-Salat, as follows : Bab 3, sUSM JUH-j~>1 j, 

fol. 16 ; Bab 4, SjLJI Jyi w \jo J, fol. 13a ; 
Bab 5, Sj!ia5\ HXJ ^Lj ^J, fol. 50a ; Bab 6, 



ij, fol. 124a ; Bab 7, 

j ifrUii, fol. 149a; Bab 8, 
J, fol. 209a ; Bab 9, 



fol. 244a. 

Bab 9 is divided into four chapters, 
the first three of which only are contained in 
this volume. 

The corresponding portion of the Bahr 
occupies foil. 40o 69a in Or. 3728. 

The MS. was written for the library of 
Imam Yahya Sharaf al-Dm, the author of 
the Athmar, who died A.H. 965 : 



349. 

Or. 3981. Foil. 145 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in Neskhi, apparently in 
the 18th century. [GLASER, no. 275.] 



224 



LAW. 



A volume of the Intisar, designated on the 



title-page as part of the fifth : ^,a- (j 



Beg. 



lU 



. <i 



JJ\.*jS JJ 



The volume is imperfect at the end. It 
extends from the beginning of Kitab al-Hajj 
to about the middle of the chapter treating 
of al-Thram, A*-^ ,j J.21 This chapter, 
which begins fol. 58&, is divided into sections, 
i, the fourth of which, fol. 925, is headed : 
e. *t U Uj 



This Fasl is divided into sub-sections, 
called ey, the first five of which, and a 
portion of the sixth, are contained in the MS. 
It breaks off in the tenth question of the 

sub-section entitled jlo U ^U_j Jj 



The contents correspond with foil. 1206 
130a of the first volume of al-Bahr, Or. 3728. 

From a note on the title-page, this MS. 
appears to have been transcribed from the 
author's autograph MS. for Kadi 'Imad al- 
Dm Yahya B. Salih B. Yahya al-Suhuli, 
whose name appears also on the preceding 
and following volumes of al-Intisar, with 
dates ranging from A.H. 1169 to 1179. 

350. 

Or. 3982. Foil. 188 ; 9 in. by 7 ; 22 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 14th century. 

[GLASEE, no. 276.] 

The sixth volume of al-Intisar, 



Beg. 



It contains the whole of Kitab al-Zakat. 

The fly-leaves at beginning and end contain 
an extract from the Fa'ik of al-Zamakhshari 

(ci^U i_. *}js> j, jfoti, Haj. Khal., vol. iv., 
pp. 327 and 348). 

The volume appears to have belonged to 
the library of the author. At the beginning 

is written : LjV.*- ... *ib ,-l3\ L^ JJ ^xio ...* 



351. 

Or. 3978. Foil. 224 ; uniform with no. 347, 
and written by the same hand. 

[GLASEE, no. 272.] 

A volume of the same work, designated, 
in a note on the fly-leaf, as the eighth of the 
original division into eighteen volumes. 

It has lost the first four quires and the 
first leaf of the fifth, in all thirty-three leaves, 
and contains the latter part of the book of 
divorce, ji 



It begins with the last five sections, 
numbered 8 12 (the first imperfect at the 
beginning) of the chapter treating of the 
various formula? of repudiation. The ninth 
section begins, fol. 5a, as follows : -l 



The remaining chapters are as follows: 
f.J\ J J^, fol. lla ; J^ ^ Jja!\, fol. 20& ; 

j\& J ^\ fol. 586 ; j\&& ' 

fol. 73a ; ^! J JjSM, fol. 91a ; 

fol. 108& ; *}\ J J^, foil. 140& 1596. 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



225 



The last chapter, which concludes the 
Kitab al-Talak, is slightly imperfect at the 
end. 

The corresponding portion in al-Bahr 
occupies foil. 2141 2376 of Or. 3728. 

Foil. 160223 are a modern addition, 
written by the same hand as no. 349, for 
Kadi Yahya B. Salih, and collated, as stated 
at the end, with the author's autograph MS., 
A.H. 1180. 

They contain the chapter on alimony, 
which forms the first part of the ninth 
volume, and begins : w ! oVSai3\ 



It is divided into four Babs, treating 
severally of wives, children, parents, and 
relatives. 

The same subject forms a Kitab in al- 
Bahr. See Or. 3728, foil. 237243. 

In a note written at the beginning, fol. 2a, 
it is asserted that this MS. is in the hand- 
writing of Imam Yahya, the author. Nos. 
347 and 353 are by the same hand. 



352. 

Or. 3983. Foil. 374; 9f in. by 7J ; 23 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in a fine bold, but 
deficiently pointed, Neskhi, apparently in 
the 15th century. [GLASEE, no. 277.] 

The sixteenth and seventeenth volumes of 
al-Intisar, bound in one. 

The first volume, entitled j^s- ^oU^ ^LJ\ 
jLoSJ^I! ijli-i (Jl t ) comprises the following 
Kitabs : 2lit, fol. 26 ; u \^\, fol. 96; <j4&\, 
fol. 19a; j^, fol. 366; Jual\, fol. 436; \^\, 
fol. 51 a; i\^\, fol. 546; ^}\ 3 jxJ\, fol. 
58a ; ^j SUSN ^A\, fol. 696 ; and the first 
part of *j* UVf, fol. 1096. 



The MS. breaks off, fol. 1686, three pages 
after the heading : j^y w Lj j 



The contents correspond with those of al- 
Bahr, Or. 3729, foil. 1736 203 b. 

The second volume, designated at the end 
as jLauJ^ fcjttf' ^jls. gU\ jUI, has lost 
the first quire of eight leaves. It contains 
the latter part of ijjil <-r>^X beginning 
with a passage relating to the amputation of 
the hand, in the case of a thief whose left hand 
is crippled (this passage occurs in the next 
MS., Or. 3984, fol. 66). It comprises, besides, 
the following books : obliii, fol. 210a ; 
Ob.^\, fol. 324a; and the main part of 



The corresponding portion of al-Bahr 
extends from fol. 2066 to fol. 240a in Or. 
3729. 

It is stated at the end that the MS. was 
collated with the autograph MS. of the 
author. 

353. 

Or. 3984. Foil. 162 ; uniform with nos. 
347 and 351, and written by the same hand. 

The seventeenth volume of al-Intisar, 



It contains the latter part of ^^ v^, 
beginning with the penalties of thieves : 
j^U! (> o*? 1 i.\l w ^j J eJUN uJJ4', and 
the following books : obliJ 1 , fol. 386; Ob jJI, 
fol. 124a ; and UJDI, fol. 1556. 

The volume was completed, as stated at 
the end, on the last day of Ramadan, 

A.H. 748 : ^ ^ J>\ 

G O 



226 



LAW. 



The contents correspond with those of al- 
Bahr, Or. 3729, foil. 2036 240a. 

354. 

Or. 3861. Foil. 211 ; 11 in. by 8 ; 19 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in Neskhi, with very 
few diacritical points, apparently in the 
15th century. [GrLASER, no. 240.] 



The Tadkirah, a manual of Zaidi law, by 
Sharaf al-Dm al-Hasan B. Muhammad B. 
al-Hasan al-Nahwi. 

Beg. 



The full title written on the first page is 
S.A*J\ &ai SUN sj^l In another 



copy of A.H. 832, Or. 3934, the title is 



The author, whose full name is not found 
in this copy, was a contemporary, and 
the biographer, of Imam al-Mu'ayyad-billah 
Yahya B. Hamzah, who died A.H. 749 
(Tarjuman, Add. 18,513, foil. 163, 166). 
He survived him a long time, and died in 
high repute of sanctity at San'a, A.H. 791. 
See Bughyat al-Murid, fol. 806, where his 
full name is given as follows : Sharaf al-Din 
al-Hasan B. Mull. B. al-Hasan B. Muh. Sabik 
al-Din B. 'All B. Ahmad B. As'ad B. Abi '1- 
Su'ud B. Ya'ish al-Nahwi al-San'ani al- 
Madhiji al-'Ansi. Besides the Tadkirah, he 
left a commentary upon the Goran, ^juJbN *\v* ; 
a work on civil transactions, iU'^Jl Js- ^ ; 
two Ta'likahs, entitled ObW^ ^j^J-* and 
u*jj>\ ', an abridgment of the Intisar ; and a 
work entitled Jy^l Ji* J 



The work is divided into books (Kitab) 
subdivided into chapters (Bab). The Kitabs 

are as follows : tj^aft, fol. 26 ; xjLoll, fol. 116 ; 
l.29a; 'i/}\ fol. 32a ; ^-Ji, fol. 406; 
\, fol. 416 ; J.\ fol. 456 ; ^KiN, fol. 566 ; 
, fol. 69a; ^\, fol. 866; **$, fol. 
1086; *j\f3\, fol. 113a; L^\ t fol. 126a ; 
X*~ft)\, fol. 1296; ^}\, fol. 132a ; OU$J1, 
fol. 137a ; ujS^, fol. 1396; *o^, fol. 144a ; 
i^*A\, fol. 1456; j*N, fol. 1506; ^W.^, 
fol. 1576 ; j^, fol. 163a ; LJU)', fol. 165a ; 
jjua)^ fol. 166a; yjUU^, fol. 1696; &\*d\ 
fol. 1706 ; j^, fol. 1746 ; obl^J\, fol. 
1776; *M}\, fol. 1816; 5Jli<J^ fol. 1836; 
US^, fol. 1886; ^\ fol. 1906; ObuJl 
fol. 1946; OM, fol. 1996 ; i.UEJ^,foL 201a ; 
UUj5\, fol. 202a ; j*J\, fol. 205a. 

The first folio and the last two have been 
supplied by a later hand. On the fly -leaf at 
the beginning is written this false title : 



The margins of foil. 3 9 are covered with 
notes in a minute character. 

For copies of the Tadkirah see Ahlwardt, 
Glaser'sche Sammlung, no. 4, and the Khe- 
dive's Library, vol. vi., p. 123. 



355. 

Or. 3745. Foil. 172; 11 in. by 8 ; 27 lines, 
5 J in. long ; written in cursive and sparingly 
pointed Neskhi ; dated Friday, eight nights 
before the end of Shawwal, A.H. 809 (A.D. 
1407). [GLASEE, no. 29.] 

Another copy of the Tadkirah, wanting 
the first leaf. It begins with ^o^\ v__>b. 



ZAIDI FURU'. 
notes in a minute 



227 



There are marginal 
character. 

At the end, foil. 1736 and 174a, is an 
appendix on races and shooting matches, 
^b jxJI ^b, by Shams al-Dm Yusuf B. 
Ahmad B. 'Uthman, a disciple of the author 
of the Tadkirah. 

356. 

Or. 3836. Foil. 269 ; 12 in. by 8J ; 25 lines, 
5 in. long; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Saturday, 21 RabI' I., A.H. 1078 (A.D. 
1667). [GLASEE, no. 124] 

A commentary upon the Tadkirah, by 
Najm al-Dm Yusuf B. Ahmad B. Muh. B. 

'Uthman, with the following title : 



M 



yj] 



Beg. 



J\ 



U laXo! 



The commentator was a disciple of the 
author of the Tadkirah, and the master of 
'Irnad al-DTn Yahya B. Ahmad B. Muzaffar, 
who mentions him in the Bayan. See the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 726a, and Tarjuman, 
Add. 18,513, fol. 6. He says in the preface 
that he had frequently consulted the author 
as to his meaning, and states at the end that 
the commentary was completed in Ramadan, 
A.H. 796. 

The commentary begins as follows : L 



Jl g-j J *>\U US. It includes 
only detached words of the text preceded by 



A copy of the Tadkirah mentioned in the 
Khedive's Library, vol. vi., p. 123, contains 
the same commentary. 

Foil. 2 4 and 269 contain the preface, 
introduction, and the beginning of another 
commentary, without title or author's name. 



W 



The commentary proper begins : 



It breaks off in the explanation of the word 
in the second line of the text. 

357. 

Or. 3726. Foil. 283 ; 1]| in. by 8; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in small and fair Nesklii, 
with red-ruled margins ; dated Thursday, 
middle decade of Muharram, A.H. 924 
(A.D. 1518). [GLASEB, no. 10.] 

Another copy of the Tadkirah, with the 
commentary called al-Kawakib al-Nayyirah, 
by Kadi 'Imad al-Dm Yahya B. Ahmad B. 

Muzaffar, 



The commentary is written in oblique lines 
and in a minute character in the margins. 



Beg. of the Comm. : 



The commentator, a disciple of the above- 
mentioned Najm al-Dm Yusuf, lived in the 
ninth century of the Hijrah. His grandson, 
Badr al-Dm Muh. B. Ahmad B. Yahya, who 
wrote about A.H. 930, mentions the Kawakib 
with other writings of his grandsire in the 
G G 2 



228 



LAW. 



Tarjuman, Add. 18,513, fol. 6i. For other 
copies of the commentary see no. 361 ; 
Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammlung, no. 113 ; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. vi., p. 123. 



358. 

Or. 3809. Foil. 295; llf in. by 8; 23 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated i^ tj, district 
of Khaulan, Monday, last day of Jumada I., 
A.H. 1078 (A.D. 1667). 

[GLASBB, no. 96.] 

Another copy of the Tadkirah, with the 
same commentary, written obliquely in a 
minute character in the margins. 

At the end the commentary is called 



The MS. belonged to the library of Imam 
al-Mutawakkil al-Kasim B. al-Husain, who 
died A.H. 1139. 



359. 

Or. 3986. Foil. 277 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 13 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in large Neskhi ; dated 
Monday, 8 Eajab, A.H. 1090 (A.D. 1679). 

[GLASEE, no. 280.] 

The first half of the Tadkirah, from the 
beginning to the end of ^-?N t-jlii 



The margins contain a commentary desig- 
nated at the end as ^\^J>\, written obliquely 
in a minute character. It is the same as 
that which has been noticed under no. 357. 

On the fly-leaf is this false title : Jj!i)\ ^U 



Copyist : 



360. 

Or. 3987. Foil. 279 j 12 in. by 8 ; 13 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated Friday, 8 Shawwal, 
A.H. 1048 (A.D. 1639.) 

[GLASEE, no. 281.] 

The latter half of the Tadkirah, from the 
beginning of S*ii.X\ L-jU-T to the end of the 
work, with the same commentary, i^S\^J>\ ) 
in the margins. 

The MS. was written for al-Fakih Nasir 
B. Muh. B. 'Abd al-Hakk. 



361. 

Or. 3939. Foil. 248 ; lOf in. by 8 ; about 
36 lines, 7 in. long; written in close, sparingly 
pointed, Neskhi ; dated Monday, 24 Dul- 
ka'dah, A.H. 904 (A.D. 1499). 

[GLASEB, no. 233.] 

A commentary upon the Tadkirah, by Ibn 
Muzaffar, with this title : Sai 



Beg. 



The same commentary has been noticed 
above, no. 357. 

362. 

Or. 3994. Foil. 224 ; 11J in. by 8 ; 35 lines, 
5f in. long ; written in small, mostly un- 
pointed, Neskhi, apparently in the 17th 
century. [GLASEE, no. 288.] 

The second volume of an extensive com- 
mentary upon the Tadkirah, by Sulaiman al- 
Su'aitiri. 

The title and the author's name are written 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



229 



on the fly-leaf : j t 



The author's name appears more fully 
as Sulaiman B. Yahya B. Muh. al-Su'aitiri, 
in two Berlin MSS., which contain portions 
of the same commentary, with the title 
kj>\&\ S^jj^ J\ Jt ijt>\j\ (jj*^. See 
Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammlung, nos. 144-5. 

The present volume begins abruptly with 
the last page of JJ- t_>l#', and concludes 

^^ x 

with the end of ^>\ t-^liS 

The commentary upon _&)\ <~j\j begins 
as follows : +*& 



The MS. is not dated, but it bears notes 
of former owners, the earliest of which is 
dated A.H. 1106. 

363. 

Or. 3722. Foil. 121 ; 11 in. by 8 ; 33 lines, 
6 in. long ; written in a small and neat, but 
nearly unpointed, Neskhi ; dated Saturday, 
15 Rabr II., A.H. 914 (A.D. 1508). 

[GLASEB, no. 6.] 



The Tadkirah made easy ; being an im- 
proved and elucidated recension of that 
work, by Muhammad B. Ahmad B. Yahya 
B. Muzaffar (author of al-Tarjuman, v. Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 41 56). 



The author's name is found on the title- 
page supplied by a later hand : bjjuJ <_JuJV> 



He wrote the work in obedience to the 
commands of Imam al-Hadi ila'1-Hakk 'Izz 
al-Din B. al-Hasan B. Amir al-Mumimn, 
who was proclaimed A.H. 879, and died 
A.H. 900. The work, which follows the 
plan and all the divisions of the Tadkirah, 
was completed, as stated at the end, in 
Rabr II., A.H. 889. 

364. 

Or. 3899. Foil. 116; 9f in. by 7 ; from 
23 to 25 lines, 5J in. long ; written in thick 
and bold, mostly unpointed Neskhi ; dated 
Thursday, 10 Ramadan, A.H. 796 (A.D. 
1394). [GLASEB, no. 185.] 

A manual of Zaidi law, without title or 
author's name. The first leaf is wanting. 
The first chapter begins : <!&^j J ^ < >V 



The composition of the work must fall 
between that of the Tadkirah, which is 
quoted in it (fol. 57a), and the date of the 
present copy. It is, therefore, by some 
years earlier than the Azhar. It may be the 
work entitled jy*j>\, which is mentioned, 
next to the Tadkirah, as the principal source 
of al-Bayan al-Shafi. See the Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 726a. 

The arrangement is nearly the same as in 
the Tadkirah, but many of the Kitabs of the 
latter are represented here by Babs. .Most 
of these Babs are subdivided into sections 
called goj*. This copy is divided into two 
parts of equal length. The first comprises 



230 



LAW. 



the following Kitabs : ^\^>\, wanting the 
beginning: S_jU5\, fol. 86; jftj^\ fol. 216 ; 
*/}\, fol. 296; Jl, fol. 326 ; ^&\, fol. 33a ; 
ending with J^laM i_jb, foil. 45o 53a. 



The second part contains only one Kitab, 
<o, which begins, fol. 54a, as follows : 



sx. 



The remaining subjects are dealt with in 
Babs, beginning with Z*sJ\ i^b, fol. 636; 
O^USW i_>b, fol. 67a; XP,^ cjb, fol. 70a, 
etc.; and ending with lil^t <-_A>, fol. 1136; 
jti&l jy L_>b, fol. 114a; SlJuH JULJ e_,b, 
fol. 1156; and ^.^\/i i_>b, fol. H6a. 



Copyist : *c- ^ 



The MS. is wrongly endorsed J^ij 

Ustf 



365. 

Or. 4025. Foil. 150; 7 in. by 5 ; 13 lines, 
3| in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; ap- 
parently in the 15th century. 

[GLA.SEE, no. 327.J 

jV 1 

A text-book of Zaidi law, by al-Mahdi 
lidm allah Ahmad B. Yahya B. al-Murtada, 
with the following title in the same hand as 
the text : 



Beg. ^ jjJaj 



The author, one of the most learned of 
the Zaidi Imams, was born in Anis, A.H. 
764, and was proclaimed Imam A.H. 793. 
In the subsequent year, however, he was 
deposed and cast into prison in San'a, where 
he remained in captivity till A.H. 801. It 
was during his confinement that he wrote 
the present work, as well as the first half of 
a commentary upon it, entitled j\j<^\ c.u]\. 
He was carried off by the plague in Zafir, 
A.H. 840. For his life and a list of his 
numerous works see al-Tarjuman, Add. 
18,513, foil. 176189; Sirat al-Mutawakkil, 
Or. 3918, foil. 2230; and Ibn Ja'man, 
Or. 3898, fol. 194. The Azhar is noticed 
by Haj. Khal., vol. i., p. 262. See also 
Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammlung, no. 119. 

The work begins with a short Mukaddimah 
on the Taklid, or the following of human 
authorities in legal matters. It follows the 
arrangement of the Tadkirah, but has a less 
number of Kitabs or main sections, the 
subjects of some of the Kitabs of the earlier 
work being dealt with in Babs. 



The Kitabs are as follows : i^V^laM, fol. 4a ; 
, fol. 126; j>\^ f fol. 24a; l&\ fol. 
27a ; ^JJ, fol. 32A ; f \-oM, fol. 34a ; il, 



fol. 37; C J1, fol. 45a; j^JJI, fol. 526; 
H, fol. 64a; l*sJ3\, fol. 79a ; l^\ fol. 
816 ; L(^\, fol. 8'9a ; ^, fol. 926 ; b^, 
fol. 946; f^\, fol. 956; *J3j\, fol. 97a ; 
io.J^, fol. lOOa ; <-~eA\, fol. lOla; jj-J^, 
fol. 103a; W U>^, fol. 106& ; ^j^^, fol. 
1146; j]^\, fol. 117 a; Obl^l, fol. 119a ; 
2V j\, fol. 122a; ^, fol. 130a ; Ob\W\ 
fol. 134a ; \>\*j\, fol. 140a; ^jJI, fol. 143a. 



The last two leaves, foil. 146-47, have been 
supplied by a modern hand. 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



231 



366. 

Or. 3928. Foil. 118 ; 6f in. by 5 ; 15 lines, 
3J in. long; written in Neskhi, apparently 
in the 16th century. [GLASER, no. 222.] 

Another copy of the Azhar. 

Foil. 112, 117-18, supplied by later 
hands. 

367. 

Or. 4006. Foil. 104 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 12 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in Neskhi, almost with- 
out diacritical points, probably in the 15th 
century. [G LASER, no. 303.] 

A text-book of Zaidi law, imperfect at 
beginning and end. 

It is a portion of the Azhar, extending 
from 1A t-jls-i" to ^-~4lj L->b, belonging to 



The contents correspond with foil. 37 125 
of no. 365. 

368. 

Or. 3960. Foil. 309 ; 12in.by8i; 26 lines, 
5 in. long; written in Neskhi, with red- 
ruled margins ; dated Monday, 3 Jumada II., 
A.H. 1053 (A.D. 1643). 

[GLASER, no. 254.] 



The first volume of a commentary upon 
the Azhar by its author, Imam al-Mahdi 
Ahmad B. Yahya, with the following title : 



Lll^U JJs> 



Beg. jji> 



U-A^c 



J* 



\ JA 



This extremely full and discursive com- 
mentary includes the entire text of the 
Azhar, written in red ink. The first volume 
extends from the beginning of the work to 
the end of the fourth 



This copy was written for Sayyid al-Nasir 
B. 'Abd al-Eabb B. 'Ali B. Shams al-Din, 
whose sons are mentioned in Tib al-Samar, 
Or. 2427, fol. 68. 

Copyist : yVj* ^ \^ & 



A volume of the same commentary is 
mentioned by Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Samm- 
lung, no. 167. 

369. 

Or. 3961. Foil. 346; 12 in. by 8; about 
33 lines, 5 in. long ; written in cursive 
Neskhi ; collated in Dulhijjah, A.H. 1119 
(A.D. 1708). [GLASEE, no. 255.] 

I. Two volumes of the same commentary, 
bound in one, and endorsed 



The first volume begins with 
and ends with u^b, a chapter of 



The second, foil. 199340, begins with 
the next following chapter, viz. t^\ t--b 
and ends with (jyotsU uJ^->-^ J-J, the last 
chapter of *^ \~>\jS. It is designated at 
the end as the fourth of six volumes. 

II. Foil. 34144 contain a poem including 
the names of God, and beginning: e^ljj 



232 



LAW. 



pi, <jtt\ ^*b, with a commentary ; dated 
A.H. 1248. The Kasldah is by Mr al- 
Dln al-Dimyati. It has been commented on 
by Ahmad Zarruk (d. A.H. 896). See the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 109<z ; the Berlin Cata- 
logue, nos. 3753, 3755 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. vii., pp. 113, 255 and 363. 

III. Foil. 2 6 contain a tract entitled 
yA&)j ^Ub ^\ ^ jy,U\ u-Ax/,by 'Abd 

al-Rahman al-Suyuti. See Haj. Khal., vol. ii., 
p. 8, and the Khedive's Library, vol. vii., 
p. 307. 

370. 

Or. 3964. Foil. 228 ; llf in. by 8 ; 33 lines, 
6 in. long ; written in small and close Neskhi ; 
dated Ramadan, A.H. 1063 (A.D. 1653). 

[GLASEE, no. 258.] 

Two volumes (Juz) of the same commen- 
tary, al-Ghaith al-Midrar, namely, the third 
and the fourth of a copy in six Juz. 

Juz 3 extends from the beginning of i_->b 
to the middle of 



U 



Juz 4 begins, in continuation of the pre- 
ceding, with jj*J\ i_jb, fol. 141, and extends 
to the end of 



371. 

Or. 3962. Foil. 295 ; 12 in. by 8 J ; 29 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated Monday, 6 Dul- 
hijjah, A.H. 1050 (A.D. 1641). 

[GLASEE, no. 256.] 

A volume of the same commentary, desig- 
nated on the title-page as the third of a copy 
in four volumes, \j>\ &*)j\ bj ^ tJU)\ 



It begins with 8j*5\ 
and ends with i 



b in 



It was written for Sayyid Yahya B. al- 
Husain, a grandson of Imam al-Mansur al- 
Kasim. 

Copyist : 



372. 

Or. 3965. Foil. 200 ; 11$ in. by 8 ; 30 lines, 
5-| in. long; written in Neskhi, with red- 
ruled margins ; collated in Jumada II., 
A.H. 1086 (A.D. 1675). 

[GLASER, no. 259.] 

Two volumes of the same commentary, 
the fourth and the fifth, bound in one. 

The first begins abruptly with the last 
page of j^ (_->liX at the end of which is 
written u->ll/ ^ jl&-^ &*> tir o g\J>\ ^U1 ^' 
iJl It extends from i<ii)l c-jli/ to 



., 
the end of 



The second volume, foil. 138 200, begins 
with J-UM i_lz/, and ends with *+*^\ t-^b 

u^j (Or. 4025, foil. 114). 

373. 

Or. 3963. Foil. 174; 12J in. by 8J ; from 
31 to 35 lines, 6 in. long ; written in Neskhi 
in the 17th century. [GLASEE, no. 257.] 

The last volume of the same commentary, 
beginning with o-UM t_-b, in continuation 
of the preceding volume, Or. 3965, and end- 
ing 



From notes of former owners on the title- 
page, it appears that this volume was bought, 
A.H. 1082, from Rukayyah, wife of Sayyid 
'Ali B. Yahya, by Kadi L)iya al-Dln al-Mahdi 
B. Jabir al-Ghaffari, after whose death it 
passed, A.H. 1104, to his sons. 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



233 



Foil. 173-74 contain the beginning of 
*>-})l &>, a treatise on morals, by the 
author of al-Azhar. See Or. 3910, II. 



374. 

Or. 3966. Foil. 418 ; 12 in. by 8J ; 29 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with 
red -ruled margins ; dated Saturday, 14 
Rabi< I., A.H. 1083 (A.D. 1672). 

[GLASEB, no. 260.] 

A commentary upon the Azhar, by Ahmad 
B. Yahya B. Habis, with the following title : 

lfepM j, 



Ac- jj 

This is, as appears from the preface, a 
much expanded recension of a commentary 
upon al-Azhar, abridged by Fakhr al-Dm 
Abu Muh. 'Abdallah B. Abi'l-Kasim Ibn 
Miftah from the Ghaith al-Midrar (no. 368), 
and entitled ^^ <-**& ^ cjSil^ { j^\ (see 
Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammlung, nos. 156 
and 199). 

The author, Kadi Ahmad B. Yahya B. 
Habis al-Dawari, died in Rabi' I., A.H. 1061. 
He says in the preface that al-Azhar was the 
best of the compendia of law written by the 
Imams, and that, although it had been in 
some measure superseded by the Athmar of 
Imam Yahya Sharaf al-Dm, students still 
applied themselves to the earlier work and 



to its commentary, by the late Ibn Miftuh. 
The latter being often obscure from its too 
great brevity, the author undertook to eluci- 
date it by means of additional explanations, 
which he distinguished from the original 

text by writing a dJ (for J^*^) at the 
beginning, and t at the end of each. 

This first volume extends to the end of 
b in j^U\ ^^(no. 365, fol. 56i). 

Copyist : ^ ^ ^t ^ ** 

The MS. was written for Sayyid 'Izz al- 
Islam Muh. B. Amir al-Muminin (al-Muta- 
wakkil Isma'il), who was afterwards pro- 
claimed Imam, with the title of al-Mu'ayyad, 
and died A.H. 1097. See Wiistenfeld, Jemen 
im XI Jahrh., no. 19. 

For other copies see Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche 
Sammlung, nos. 119, 120, 152. 

375. 

Or. 3967. Foil. 372; uniform with the pre- 
ceding, and written by the same hand ; dated 
Saturday, 18 Dulhijjah, A.H. 1087 (A.D. 
1677). [GLASEB, no. 261.] 

The second volume of the above com- 
mentary. It begins with Sj*M M^* an d ends 
with ty\ L-b, the last chapter of jU) u->li 
(no. 365, fol. 1066). 

376. 

Or. 3968. Foil. 227 ; 12f in. by 8} ; about 
21 lines, 3^ in. long, with 50 or 60 diagonal 
lines in the margin ; written in rather cur- 
sive Neskhi, apparently in the 18th century. 

[GLASEB, no. 262.] 

The last volume of the same commentary, 
beginning with (jW.^ te, and ending with 



H H 



234 



LAW. 



The title is : j\t$$\ 



In this copy the original commentary of 
Ibn Miftah is written in the centre of the 
page, and the additions of Ibn Habis in the 
margin. 

377. 

Or. 3897. Foil. 331 ; llf in. by 8; about 
22 lines, 4 in. long ; written in fair large, 
but sparingly pointed Neskhi, with red-ruled 
margins; dated 1 Sha'ban, A.H. 1112 (A.D. 
1701). [GLASEB, no. 183.] 

The latter half of a commentary upon the 
Azhar, without author's name : ^ ^j\ 



Beg. 



J1 



It is the above-mentioned commentary of 
Ibn Miftah. This volume extends from the 
beginning of 5*iLSJ\ <_->\^-5 to the end of the 
work. It agrees with the text of Ibn 
Miftah, as included in the commentary of 
Ibn Habis, from Or. 3967, fol. 1576, to the 
end of Or. 3968. 

The margins contain an extensive gloss 
written in slanting lines, by the same hand 
as the text. It begins: j^LJi jii ^ )y 

*>. 



Copyist : 



Foil. 3. 8, 325 331, contain miscellaneous 
notes and extracts. 



378. 



Or. 3985. Foil. 165; 10iin.by7i; 30 lines, 
5 in. long; written in small, sparingly pointed, 
Neskhi ; dated Shibam, district of Kaukaban, 
28 Shawwal, A.H. 1004 (A.D. 1596). 

[GLASER, no. 279.] 

The last portion of the same commentary, 
with marginal notes. It begins abruptly in 
the initial lines of the section Lo^tf jfcj J^af, 
belonging to the Kitab al-Rahn. The con- 
tents correspond with foil. 66 323 of the 
preceding MS. 

At the end are two leaves, foil. 163-64, 
belonging to the latter part of ^\ s->Wj of 
the same commentary. 



Copyist ; U-J 



379. 

Or. 3913. Foil. 115; 12 in. by 8J; 29 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with red- 
ruled margins, probably in the 18th century. 

[GLASER, no. 158B.] 

I. Fragment of a gloss on a commentary 
upon the Azhar, without title or author's 
name. 

The commentary to which the gloss relates, 
proves to be the Sharh al- Azhar, by Ibn 
Miftah (v. no. 374). The fragment extends 
from the latter part of ^o^ t-jli/ to the 
beginning of *j* ^J^ (Or. 3967, fol. 321, 
to Or. 3968, fol. 127). 

The first rubric, fol. 87, is L-*-aiJl 
and the first gloss is U 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



235 



The folios are to be taken in the following 
order: 86108, 6485, 163. 

II. Foil. 109 115 contain the beginning 
of a collection of early traditions in praise of 
the Ansar, without author's name. 

Beg. \j* 



The author appears to have lived in the 
third century of the Hijrah. From the 
Isnads prefixed to the several statements it 
is seen that he received them orally from 
traditionists who died about the middle of 
that century. 

The most frequently quoted is Muh. B. 
Bashshar, who died A.H. 252 (Tabakat al- 
Huffaz, viii. 104). Others are Kutaibah B. 
Sa'id (d. A.H. 240), Sulaiman B. Harb 
(d. A.H. 234), Hajjaj B. Minhal (d. A.H. 
217), etc. 

380. 

Or. 4012. Foil. 122 ; lOf in. by 7f ; about 
35 lines, 5f in. long; written in cursive 
Neskhi, without any diacritical points ; dated 
Friday, 8 Dulka'dah, A.H. 836 (A.D. 1433). 

[GLASEB, no. 310.] 

The second volume of a commentary upon 
the Azhar, by Ibn Kamar, with the following 
title written on the lower edge : 



The commentary includes nearly the entire 
text of the Azhar, in short passages preceded 
by )y. The date of the present copy shows 
that it was written in the lifetime of the 
author of the Azhar. This volume contains 



and 



fol. 16; 
", fol. 73a 



, fol. 366; 



The full name of the commentator is 
Jamal al-Dln 'Ali B. Muh. B. 'Ali B. Muh. 
Ibn Kamar. It is found on the title-page, 
where the original inscription has been 
erased, and the following title has been 
written beneath by a later hand : j 



381. 

Or. 3943. Foil. 375 ; 11^ in. by 8; 31 lines, 
5f in. long; written in fair, but very im- 
perfectly pointed, Neskhi ; dated (fol. 231) 
Sunday, 11 Sha'ban, A.H. 864 (A.D. 1460). 

[GLASEE, no. 237.] 

A commentary upon the Azhar, by Fakih 
Jamal al-Dm 'Ali B. Muh. B. Abi '1-Kasim 
al-Najri, with the following title, written by 

the same hand as the text : 



The author mentions in the preface, as 
the best of the early compendia of the juris- 
prudence of the Imams, the work entitled 
kuail, by Ibn al-Akwa' ('Abdallah B. Ali) 
and the Tadkirah of Sharaf al-Dm. Both 
were superseded, however, by the admirable 
al- Azhar of Imam al-Mahdi, which the author 
began to elucidate in the lifetime of the 
Imam. The present commentary, which was 
written after his death, is largely taken from 
the Imam's own commentary, al-Ghais. al- 
Midrar (no. 368). 

H H 2 



236 



LAW. 



Two chapters, treating of science in general 
and of the importance of jurisprudence, are 
prefixed to the commentary proper, which 

begins, fol. 35: ' " ' ' " " ~' " " " 



_ 
It includes the entire text written in red ink. 

The author was a junior contemporary of 
the Imam al-Mahdi (d. A.H. 840), and died, 
it appears, before the date of the present 
copy, A.H. 864. 

The volume is divided into two parts 
(Juz), the first of which concludes with 
,}M u^b, a section of JiklaN i__>l^. At the 
end, fol. 231, is the name of the transcriber, 
al-Faklh 'Ali B. Da'ud B. Ahmad al-'Umari 
al-Hayyi. On the verso of the same folio is 
a Marsiyah composed by the same Fakih on 
the death of al- Fakih Badr al-Dln Muhammad. 

The second Juz, foil. 233374, begins 
with ib^M >b, and nearly completes the 
work, wanting only a few lines at the end. 
It is written by another hand, but about the 
same time as the first. 

Portions of the same commentary are 
noticed by Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammlung, 
nos. 31 and 112, with the title ^ 



382. 

Or. 3792. Foil. 238; 12 in. by 8J; 11 lines, 
4^r in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Monday, 18 Ramadan, A.H. 1029 (A.D. 1620). 

[GLASEK, no. 77.] 



A commentary by Abu Muh. Sarim al-Dln 
Ibrahim B. Muh B. 'Abdallah upon the 
Azhar, with the following title.: ^J* 

Jl 



There is no preface. The commentary 
begins with the first words of the text : 



There are many glosses in the margins 
and between the lines. 

The author, Sarim al-Dm Ibrahim, a Sayyid 
belonging to the family called Banu '1-Wazir, 
died A.H. 914. See the Bassamah, Or. 3825, 
and Zeitschr. der D. Morg. Ges., 1884, 
p. 579, no. 20. 

At the end, foil. 230 236, is an appendix 
on the law of inheritance, beginning : L 



Copyist : ^ 



383. 

Or. 3950. Foil. 284 ; Il|in.by8; 12 lines, 
4| in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi ; 
dated Friday, 12 Eamadan, A.H. 1070 
(A.D. 1660). [GLASEB, no. 244.] 

Another copy 'of the above commentary, 
J6j"3\ ib.lj*, with the same appendix and 
marginal notes. 

384. 

Or. 3951. Foil. 257 ; 11$ in. by 8; 30 lines, 
5-| in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi ; dated 
Monday, 9 Dulka'dah, A.H. 1085 (A.D. 1675). 

[GLASER, no. 245.] 

The first volume of a commentary upon 
the preceding work Hidayat al-Afkar (no. 



ZAIDI FTJRU'. 



237 



382), with the following title 

j\ 



Beg. ^ Ll 



sj* 



The editor, whose name does not appear, 
says that this commentary had been com- 
menced by Sayyid Salah al-Islam Salah B. 
Ahmad B. al-Mahdi, who, overtaken by death 
in the bloom of life, left it unfinished at the 
Book of Fasting, ,U-aM u^UL^ when the editor 
undertook to revise and complete it. 

The present volume carries on the work 
to the end of jjliU c-^zi' 

385. 

Or. 3756. Foil. 220 ; 8iin.by5f; 23 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in small and close Neskhi ; 
dated Tuesday, 1 Kamadan, A.H. 1075 
(A.D. 1665). [GLASER, no. 40.] 

A gloss upon the Azhar, by Ibrahim B. 
Yahya al-Suhuli, with this title : x.\i3 



Beg. Ja!\ 



The author, whose full name is Sarim al- 
Din Ibrahim B. Yahya B. Muh. B. Salah al- 
Shajari al-Suhuli, was born in Damar, 
A.H. 987, became Kadi of San'a, and died 
there on the 20th of Jumiida I., A.H. 1060. 
The sfj) j^j^ ^ t 
his works. His original Nisbah, 
derived from a tribe called Banu Shajarah. 
His father was called *^ on account of 



is mentioned among 



s 



a caravan of the tribe Suhul, which happened 
to arrive on the day of his birth. See 
Bughyat al-Murid, Or. 3719, foL 816, and 
Tabak al-Halwa, Or. 3919, fol. 25. 

Foil. 18 and 217220 contain miscel- 
laneous notes and extracts. 

386. 

Or. 3992. Foil. 261 ; 8 J in. by 5f ; 23 lines, 

4 in. -long; written in cursive Neskhi ; dated 
Thursday, 25 Dulka'dah, A.H. 1093 (A.D. 
1682). [GLASEB, no. 286.] 

Another copy of the same gloss, with 
marginal notes. 

387. 

Or. 3837. Foil. 198 ; 12 in. by 8} ; 30 lines, 

5 in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 17th century. 

[GLASEB, no. 125.] 

I. Another copy of the preceding gloss, 
with the following title: 

u 



It has a few marginal notes in a minute 
character. 

II. Foil. 6 15 contain a gloss by Sayyid 
Ahmad B. Muh. B. Lukman upon the com- 
mentary of Ibn Miftah (v. no. 374) upon 
the Mukaddimah of the Azhar, with this title: 



Beg. 



238 



LAW. 



The copy is dated A.H. 1075 (A.D. 1664). 

Sayyid Shams al-Dm Ahmad B. Muh. B. 
Lukman B. Ahmad B. Shams al-Din B. al- 
Mahdi was Imam of the Mosque of Shaharah, 
and received a military command from Imam 
al-Mu'ayyad. He died A.H. 1039. See 
Bughyat al-Murid, fol. 51&. 

388. 

Or. 3856. Foil. 194; 11 Jin. by 7f ; 32 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in small Neskhi ; dated 
Dulka'dah, A.H. 1078 (A.D. 1668). 

[GLASEE, no. 144.] 



A commentary upon the Azhar, without 
author's name. 




The work is described in the above passage 
as abridged from al-Anhar. In the colophon 



it is also designated as 



The abridgment is ascribed to Ibn 'Abd al- 
Salam in the following note, written on the 
first page : ^^LJI joe- ^ j\*fi\ J* 



In another copy, Or. 3932, IV., the author 
is called 'Abd al-Rahman B. 'Abd al-Salam. 

The commentary extends over the entire 
work, from the Mukaddimah to Kitab al- 
Siyar, and includes the text, written in red. 

389. 

Or. 3996. Foil. 303 ; 13 in. by 8J ; 33 lines, 
5|- in. long ; written in rather cursive and 
sparingly pointed Neskhi; dated Monday, 
16 Sha'ban, A.H. 1171 (A.D. 1758). 

[GLASEE, no. 291.] 



The first volume of a commentary upon 
the Azhar, by Sayyid Sharaf al-Dm al-Hasan 
B. Ahmad al- Jalal, with the following title : 



Beg. 



The author died, as stated in the Khulasat 
al-Athar, vol. ii., p. 17, in al-Khiraf, a depen- 
dency of San'a, A.H. 1079. It is stated in 
Tabak al-Halwa, Or. 3919, fol. 25, that he 
was accused of heretical doctrines, A.H. 1060. 
The present commentary is described as a 
work of sharp and hostile criticism, dealing 
severely with the text. The author left, 
besides the present work, a gloss upon the 
Kashshaf, a commentary upon the Fusul al- 
Lulu'iyyah, and a Badi'iyyah. See Tib al- 
Samar, Or. 2427, fol. 161. In his preface 
the author refers to his previous writings on 
Usul al-Fikh. 



The present volume ends with J 



^U> 



Copyist : 

For another copy see Landberg's Cata- 
logue, no. 607. 

390. 

Or. 3997. Foil. 364 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 27 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Friday, 28 Rajab, A.H. 1168 (A.D. 1755). 

[GLASEE, no. 292.] 

The second volume of the above work, 
Dau al-Nahar, beginning with ^*!\ ^M, and 
ending with 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



239 



391. 

Or. 2900. Foil. 167; 1 If in. by 7}; 33 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, apparently 
in the 17th century. 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

The second volume of the same work. 
It breaks off at the end of &\ i_^b. The 
contents correspond with the first half of 
the preceding MS., Or. 3997, foil. 1165. 

The MS. appears to have been written in 
the lifetime of the author, whose name is 
written on the title-page as follows : 



U1 . 



392. 

Or. 8871. Foil. 189; 13f in. by 10. 

[GLASEE, no. 159.] 

I. Foil. 190 ; 34 lines, 6 in. long ; 
written by divers hands in Neskhi ; 18th 
century. 

The first portion of the preceding com- 
mentary, Dau al-Nahar, ending with t_'j 
jfo ..... }\ J^*, a chapter of SjLaN c r '^-*> an( ^ cor " 
responding with foil. 1104 of Or. 3996. 

The title is : *.&<U 



II. Foil. 91146 ; 32 lines, 5 in. long ; 
written in Neskhi with ruled margins ; 
dated Thursday, 19 Rabl* I., A.H. 1176 
(A.D. 1762). 

Another portion of the same commentary, 
extending from *-jjU *^ J-^i, a section of 
^KiM v^X to the end of j^lJI ^\S^, and 
corresponding with foil. 257303 of Or. 3996. 

III. Foil. 148189 ; 29 lines, 5 in. long; 



written in fair Neskhi, partly vocalized, 
apparently in the 17th century. 

Fragment of a collection of those Hadiths 
upon which the ordinances of the law are 
founded, with a commentary including bio- 
graphical notices of the earliest narrators of 
the Hadiths. 

The author, whose name does not appear, 
quotes the canonical collections of Hadith 
and other Sunni works on tradition, among 
which is Fath al-Bari, by Ibn Hajar (d. 
A.H. 852). 

The Hadiths are classed under the usual 
headings of law-books, and are numbered in 
each section. The first section, the begin- 
ning of which is wanting, comprises eighteen 
Hadiths relating to such bodily conditions as 
necessitate ablution before prayer. The next 
section, i.\ii *LaS L-M v__>b, begins, fol. 153a, 

as follows : 



The fragment ends abruptly with the 
twenty-seventh Hadith of the section, t-jb 
yte^M, which belongs to jLo)\ t->U^ 

393. 

Or. 3870. Foil. 169 ; 13J in. by 9 ; 29 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in cursive and mostly 
unpointed Neskhi; dated Friday, 9 Jumada I., 
A.H. 1168 (A.D. 1755). 

[GLASEB, no. 158.] 



Glosses upon the preceding commentary, 
Dau al-Nahar, by 'Izz al-Isliim Muh. B. 
Isma'il al-Amlr, with the following title : 



* 



JL> 



240 



LAW. 

with this title : 



The author was still alive when the present 
copy was written, as stated at the end, for 
himself. He was a son of Sayyid Isma'il B. 
Salah al-Amlr al-Hamzi al-Kuhlani, Imam of 
the Madrasah of San'a. The author of the 
Tib al-Samar, writing A.H. 1144, Or. 2428, 
fol. 153, describes him as a talented young 
man and his personal friend. 

In the preface the author says that he 
was induced by his Shaikh, Sayyid 'Abduhu 
B. 'Ali al-Wazir, to collect the present glosses. 
They extend from the beginning of the work 
to the end of A\ U& '(Or. 3997, fol. 58). 

394. 

Or. 3904. Foil. 35 ; 12$ in. by 8 ; 37 lines, 
5f in. long ; written in small Neskhi ; dated 
14 Dulhijjah, A.H. 1172 (A.D. 1759). 

[GLASEE, no. 190.] 

I. Foil. 16. Kitab al-Mirath, the last 
section of Dau al-Nahar, treating of the law 
of inheritance : o <o 



*SiJ\ 



> J\3 



Beg. 



The contents correspond with foil. 3525 
364 of Or. 3997. 

. II. Foil. 7 14. The corresponding portion 
of Minhat al-Ghaffar, a commentary upon 
the preceding work, by 'Izz al-Islam Muh. 
B. Isma'il al-Amir (see the preceding no.). 

Beg. 



III. Foil. 15 31. Gloss on the two pre- 
ceding texts, by Hamid B. Hasan Shakir, 



LJ&\ 



Beg. 



U 



The author, who completed the gloss in 
Dulhijjah, A.H. 1172, speaks of the author 
of Minhat al-Ghaffar, Muh. B. Isma'il al- 
Amir, whom he calls his Shaikh, as still 
living at the time. 

IV. Foil. 3235. Another treatise on the 
law of succession, extracted from the Majma' 
al-Zawa'id, by 'AH B. Abi Bakr al-Misri al- 

Haithami, 



Beg. 



Nur al-Dln Abu'l-Hasan 'Ali B. Abi Bakr 
B. Sulaiman al-Haithami, born A.H. 735, 
was a disciple of Zain al-Dln al-'Iraki, and 
one of the masters of Ibn Hajar al-'Askalani. 
He died A.H. 807. See Husn al-Muhadarah, 
vol. i., p. 205 ; Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 1566 ; 
and Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 401. 

395. 

Or. 4021. Foil. 239 ; 11^ in. by 8; 23 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in fair, but imperfectly 
pointed, Neskhi ; dated Tuesday, Jumada I., 
A.H. 853 (A.D. 1449). 

[GLASEE, no. 323.] 



A full exposition of Zaidi law, with a 
theological introduction, by al-Mahdi Mm- 



allah Ahmad B. Yahya B. al-Murtada, author 
of the Azhiir. 



Beg. U 



fr ,> ^ 



ZAIDI FURU'. 

Fol. 226. l< 
Fol. 244. jLo 



41 



In the preface the author declares that this 
work will impart to any one who thoroughly 
masters it, all the knowledge he requires to 
become a Mujtahid, or independent legal 
authority, after which he enumerates the 
various sciences necessary to attain that 
rank. The full title as given in the preface 

is as follows : \*e*$\ - 



jTj 



*o *Jj 



The preface concludes with a list of the 
abbreviations used by the author in referring 
to his authorities. 



The introduction, is-U?.^, consists of 
eleven books, treating of the following sub- 
jects : 1. Religions and sects. 2 5. Articles 
of faith, in four sections, counting as separate 
books. 6. Distinction between unbelievers 
and reprobates. 7. Imamate. 8. Scholastic 
theology (Kalam). 9. Bases of the law. 
10. History of the Prophet and Imams, 
brought down to the death of al-Mahdi 'AH 
B. Muh., A.H. 774, with a brief sketch of 
the Umayyades and Abbasides. 11. Coranic 
texts implying commands. 

The headings are as follows : 

Fol. 46. # n W U/ I. 



Fol. 13a. 

Ib. 

Fol. 16. 



^. 



II. 
III. 



Fol. 286. 
Fol. 30a. 
Fol. 33a. 

Fol. 59a. 

Fol. 806. 



j jyun 



241 

IV. 
V. 

A I . 

VII. 

VIII. 



ur ix. 



X. 



Fol. 96a. 



XI. 



The body of the work, treating of the 
ordinances of the law, begins, fol. 112i, as 

follows: j.>U^ ij\ *Si) ,.^^111 j.K*^\ ^jliT 
CjUfr^U! ^ Jjo ..jb. 'wkJ J-aJ. It has tun 
same general arrangement as the Azhar, 
but a greater number of books. The present 
volume comprises the following : 

Fol. 113a. 
Fol. 1486. 
Fol. 2056. 
Fol. 215<i. 
Fol. 2346. 
Copyist: ^ ^ 



Haj. Khal. mentions the work under 
\}\ j^\ vol. ii., p. 18. For other copies 

see Ahlwardt, G laser' sche Sammlung, nos. 

230-31, 25, 35, 46, and Landberg, no. 587. 
i i 



242 



LAW. 



396. 

Or. 3728. Foil. 285 ; 12 in. by 7f ; 25 lines, 
44 in. long ; written in rather cursive Neskhi, 
about A.H. 1057 (A.D. 1647). 

[GLASER, no. 12.] 

A volume of the preceding work, without 
the introduction. It contains the first half 
of Kitab al-Ahkam, with copious marginal 
notes, and comprises the following books : 

,fol. 2a; SjLN, fol. 306 ; jUJ\ fol. 786 ; 
fol. 87a ; ^-"11, fol. 105 ; ^\, fol. 
109a; A fol. 1206; C &)1, fol. 1486 ; j^W, 
fol. 193a ; O\SJfl, fol. 2376 ; &$, fol. 243a. 



397. 

Or. 3729. Foil. 293 ; uniform with the pre- 
ceding, and written by the same hand; dated 
Saturday, 24 Dulka'dah, A.H. 1057 (A.D. 
1647). [GLASER, no. 13.] 

The latter half of the Kitab al-Ahkam, 
comprising the following books : ii^, fol. 

16; S.U^, fol. 13; lf^j\\ fol. 



fol. 346; 



fol. 



46a ; 



fol. 814 j 

fol. 39; JUA fol. 43a; 

o,UN, fol. 526 ; OU^H, fol. 546 ; 

l ^^Ji\j, fol. 586 ; iaSjM, fol. 596 ; 
fol. 676 ; ^^\ fol. 706 ; jj*N, fol. 
78a ; w Urf1, fol. 936 ; j&\, fol. 1066 ; 2UJ^ 
fol. 1106 ; ^JJlj jJuJ\, fol. 1146 ; \i\*f^\ fol. 
1206; i**l^, fol. 1246; Jb^l^, fol. 128a; 
0-ljJJ^, fol. 130a; JLJ\, fol. 1336; ^j^^^ 
fol. 1356; j\f$\, fol. 1476; uy^l^t)^ fol. 
154; *i^j3), fol. 1666; 2^jil, fol. 1726; .s., 
fol. 180a; LoJl, fol. 182a; |^^^ fol. 1826; 



I, fol. 183a ; 
, fol. 1866; 



, fol. 184a ; USN 
fol. 193; v. 



fol. 213a ; 



fol. 2386 ; 



, fol. 2406 ; 



l. 258a 



ca* 



fol. 262a ; 
J, fol. 2826 ; 
fllj, fol. 2846. 



The last two books are appendices which 
are often met with as separate works. The 
first treats of those passages of the Sirah, or 
Biography of the Prophet, from which in- 
ferences as to legal questions may be drawn. 
The second is a treatise on moral offences 
and vices. 



The first begins : J 




The second begins: 



Copyist : 



Foil. Ill and 112 are partly torn. 

This volume and the preceding have 
copious marginal notes. 

398. 

Or. 3736. Foil. 62; 11 in. by 8; 30 lines, 
5^ in. long; written in fair Neskhi, imperfectly 
pointed, apparently in the 15th century. 

[GLASER, no. 20.] 

The Dibajah, or introduction, of al-Bahr 
al-Zakhkhar, imperfect at the end. 



It comprises the following books : 

fol. 46; J*.j3N, fol. 116; Jj-H, fol. 
146; O)^, fol. 19a; JOP^J J*J<, fol. 20a ; 

fol. 226 ; i.U^, fol. 



ZAIDI FURTJ'. 



243 



23 b; 
41a ; 



Li!*,, fol. 25a ; 



*, fol. 



In the last book spaces left for the inser- 
tion of dates have mostly been left blank, 
and the last section, treating of the Umay- 
yades and Abbasides (Or. 4021, foil. 93696), 
is wanting. 



Of the eleventh, book, Ob^k! 
the first five lines are extant. 



, only 



399. 

Or. 3934. Foil. 184 ; lO^in. by7i; written 
in small and distinct, but sparingly pointed 
ISTeskhi ; dated from 26 Rajab, A.H. 832, to 
27 RabI' II., A.H. 833 (A.D. 1429-30). 

[GLASEE, no. 228.] 

I. Foil. 2114; 26 lines, 5 in. long. 

The Tadkirah of Sharaf al-DTn Hasan B. 
Muh. al-Nahwi (v. no. 354), with this title: 



II. Foil. 117180; 33 lines, 5^ in. long. 

The Dibajah, or Introduction, of Bahr al- 
Zakhkhar (v. no. 395), with some additions, 



The contents are as follows : J'j 
fol. 1186 ; jj^',fol. 1246 ; J^\, fol. 125a; 
Olj-iM, fol. 128a; o^V, ^, fol. 129a ; 
jju-iSJ^ j\j&\ J jx5^\ fol. 131a; i.\A\, fol. 
132a ; ^\ Lkj, fol. 133a ; J_^0\ }*, 
fol. 146a. 

The second appendix to Kitab al-Ahkiim, 
entitled ^^ L\> u^U/ (v. no. 397, fol. 
2846), fol. 158a. 

The eleventh book of the Dibiijah, j'iijjjl) 
aVtfir^ ,j >>U 0\i^J (v. TIO. 895, fol. 96), 
fol. 164a. 



The first appendix to Kitab al-Ahkam, 
entitled s^-Jl <vi ^ *_ *>^\ ,j tjfj^\ ij^\ 
(v. no. 397, fol. 2826), fol. I71a. 

A treatise on the law of inheritance, entitled 
(_^\jBj\ ^s- ,j (_>ij'i^ (juy&\, by the author 
of al-Bahr, fol. 1726. 

Beg. 



This treatise is mentioned in the Tarjuman, 
Add. 18,513, fol. 1836, among the writings 
of al-Mahdi. 

The tenth book of the Dibajah, jj^\j j*^ 
J\yj\ jju- i^ ^ (v. no. 395, fol. 806), 
fol. 175a. 

III. Foil. ]81a. A poem by the same 
author, entitled ^^j \j^ j&& ^^ *^ 
Sji-^Jl, with a prose preface, beginning : 



The first verse is : 



It is noticed under the same title in al- 
Tarjuman, fol. 1866. 

IV. Fol. 1826. The Wasiyyah, or last in- 
junctions of the same Imam, beginning: 



V. Fol. 184o. A poem by the same, on 
the trials of the Imams. 



Beg. 



It is quoted in Simt al-La'al, Or. 2426, 
fol. 164. 

Copyist (fol. 157): 



n2 



244 



LAW. 



400. 

Or. 3755. Foil. 40 ; 8 J in. by 6 ; 16 lines, 
4^ in. long; written in fine Neskhi; dated 
Monday, the last day of Kajab, A.H. 1049 
(A.D. 1639). [GLASER, no. 39.] 



A treatise on the bases of jurisprudence, 
being the ninth book of the Dlbajah of al- 
Bahr (no. 395, foil. 59a 806). 

401. 

Or. 4022. Foil. 293 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 27 lines, 
5 1 in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 13th century. 

[GLASEB, no. 324.] 

The first half of Kitab al-Ahkam, the 
main portion of al-Bahr, from S,V$U\ <_ 
to near the end of .A\ i 



It breaks off a few lines after the rubric 

* (no. 396, fol. 2826). 



402. 

Or.380L Foil. 197; ll^in.byS; 25 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair, but sparingly 
pointed, Neskhi, apparently in the 15th 
century. [GLASER, no. 87.] 

A volume of the Bahr, designated on the 
edge as the second ^ ^ jlj^ 

It extends from the beginning of Ji t-jl 
(no. 396, fol. 1206) to the end of 
J^Jl, ^^ ^jj\ (no. 397, fol. 596). 
It has a few marginal notes. 

403. 

Or. 4013. Foil. 147; 11 in. by 8; 23 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair, but imperfectly 



pointed, Neskhi ; apparently in the 1 5th 
century. [GLASER, no. 313.] 

A volume of the same work, extending 
from near the beginning of J u-jl^ (the 
first page of which is wanting) to the end of 
^J\ t-jlsJ. The contents correspond with 
no. 396, foil. 121285. 

S 404. 

Or. 3915. Foil. 218; 11 in.by 8; 27 lines, 
6 in. long; written in fine bold, but sparingly 
pointed, Neskhi ; apparently in the 15th 
century. [GLASER, no. 209.] 

A volume of al-Bahr al-Zakhkhar, desig- 
nated as the second, jU-j3\ j$ ^ J>\&\ j_J^ 
with copious notes, written in a minute 
character between the lines and in the 
margins. 

It contains the following books : -KJJ\, 
fol. 26 ; J5UA fol. 37a ; oVaiiJ), fol. 756 ; 
*i-fM, fol. 805 ; iUil^, fol. 121o. ; JjV^l fl- 
1316 ; ffijfi, fol. 1446 ; ^ ] J U^\, fol. 1466; 
u\p\j ,Uil, fol. 149a ; t(^\, fol. 153a ; 
i~A fol. I57a; ^\, fol. 1596; Jb^UN, fol. 

T :' ' 4 M (' 1 "1 I ' "~ / *f \\ ** \\ \\ 

166a ; ^->u$!i, fol. 1676 ; ( _ s &-~"j ( _ 5 ^/ ij <jj*^\ 
fol. 171a ; USj\, fol. 172a ; i*sj\, fol. 1786; 
_jwail\, fol. 1806 ; j-Zjtt, fol. 1876 ; J^^, 
fol. 20la ; .jjj', fol. 212a ; 2^ fol. 2156. 



The MS. breaks off at the third page of 
the last book, in a passage corresponding 
with no. 405, fol. 108, last line. 



405. 

Or. 4023. Foil. 274 ; 12 in. by 8^ ; 24 and 
32 lines, about 5 in. long ; written in Neskhi ; 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



dated Thursday, 12 Jumada I., A.H. 1060 



(A.D. 1650). 



[GLASEE, no. 325.] 



The latter half of Kitab al-Ahkiim, with 
the same contents as no. 397. 

406. 



Or. 3896. Foil. 263 ; 11^ in. by 8; 25 lines, 
5| in. long ; written in bold and thick, nearly 
unpointed, Neskhi; dated Thursday, last 
decade of Dulka'dah, A.H. 852 (A.D. 1449). 

[GLASER, no. 182.] 

The last volume of al-Bahr al-Zakhkhar, 
beginning with i_J5j5\ u.-'ljtf', and ending with 
Jk>-^J m$u31 <-r>^Sj with marginal notes in a 
smaller character. 

407. 

Or. 3921. Foil. 201 ; llfin.by7J; 17 lines, 

4 in. long ; written in fair, but almost un- 
poirited, Neskhi; dated Sunday, 11 Eamadan, 
A.H. 1045 (A.D. 1636). 

[GLASEE, no. 215.] 

The last volume of al-Bahr al-Zakhkhar, 
beginning with the chapter headed J- <_A> 
uJJlsJl, belonging to Kitab al-Hudud (no. 
397, fol. 198a), and ending with the first 
appendix, iijjuU *j<d\, leaving out the second, 
al-Takmilah lil-ahkam. 

The MS. was written for Sayyid 'Izz al- 
Din B. Duraib, an eminent and wealthy 
legist, who lived in al-Tawilah, possessed a 
large library, and died some time after A.H. 
1060. See Khulasat al-Athar, vol. iii., p. 110. 

408. 

Or. 3990. Foil. 240 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 33 lines, 

5 in. long ; written in fair, but sparingly 
pointed, Neskhi, apparently in the 17th 
century. [GLASEE, no. 284.] 



The first volume of a commentary, by 
'Imad al-Din Yahya B. Ahmad B. Murgham, 
on al-Bahr al-Zakhkhar, with this title: 



Beg. uJ 



and 



This volume begins with Xj 
contains the following books ; X 
fol. 42aj jjliU ^^, fol. 1276; 
fol. 1446 ; ^^ v^UT, fol. 1786 ; 
fol. 1856 ; and Ji i^li^ fol. 2036. 

Of this last book the MS. contains only 
the first three quarters. It breaks off a 
page after the rubric C-oJI ^ U ^ J^ai 
(no. 396, fol. 1456). 

For another copy see Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche 
Sammlung, no. 102. 

409. 

Or. 3806. Foil. 134; 8f in. by 6J; 26 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair, but sparingly 
pointed, Neskhi, apparently in the 18th 
century. [GLASEE, no. 92.] 



A gloss on al-Bahr al-Zakhkhar, by Diya 
al-Dm Salih B. al-Mahdi al-Makyali, 



246 



LAW. 



The author lived in the latter half of the 
eleventh century of the Hijrah. Al-Haimi 
describes him in Tib al-Samar, Or. 2427, 
foil. 96 98, as a disciple of his grandfather 
al-Hasan B. Ahmad al-Haimi, who died 
A.H. 107L (Khulasat al-Athar, vol. ii.,p. 16), 
and as one of the Shaikhs of his own father, 
Muh. al-Haimi. Among his works he men- 
tions the present ^7 *J^>-, which contains, 
he says, severe strictures upon the text of 
the Imam. Al-Makyali spent the latter part 
of his life in Mecca. 

In his preface the author praises, as the 
most excellent legal books of the Imams, the 
Intisar of Yahya B. Hamzah and the Bahr of 
al-Mahdi, adding that the latter contains 
the quintessence of the former. 

The gloss contained in the MS. relates to 
the first part of the Kitab al-Ahkam from 
its beginning to about the middle of 
where the MS. breaks off. 



The first note is on this passage, 
gUs^'o jf, l3U- *J (no. 395, fol. 1126, 
line 6). The last relates to these words, 
^5 Ja?j, Avhich belong to L-^b 

a section of ^!\ c-'lJtf' (no. 395, 
fol. 2286, line 16). 

For another copy see Landberg, no. 588. 

410. 



Or. 3937. Foil. 222; 10 Jin. by 7; 27 lines, 
5f in. long ; written in a small, neat and 
close, Neskhi, almost destitute of diacritical 
points, apparently in the 15th century. 

[GLASEB, no. 231.] 



An extensive commentary upon several 



treatises included in the Bahr al-Zakhkhar, 
by the author, al-Mahdi lidin-allah Ahmad 
B. Yahya. 

Beg. 

lc 



It consists, as stated in the preface, of 
nine distinct works, each bearing a separate 
title, as follows : 




ix. 



The first six of the above commentaries 
elucidate the following treatises included in 
the Dibajah of al-Bahr : 1. Kitab al-Milal 
wal-Nihal ; 2. Kitab al-Kala'id, comprising 
four separate books (nos. 2 5 of the Dibajah); 
3. Riyadat al-Afham (no. 8) ; 4. Mi'yar al- 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



247 



'Ukiil (no. 9) ; 5. Al-Jawahir wal-Durar 
(no. 10) ; and 6. Kitab al-Intikad (no. 11). 

The seventh is a commentary upon the 
Hadiths quoted in the Kitab al-Ahkam, or 
main part of al-Bahr. The eighth and ninth 
are commentaries upon the two appendices 
of the same work, the Durrat al-Munirah and 
al-Takmilah lil-Ahkiim. See above, no. 397. 

The present volume contains, after some 
preliminary matters, the first of the above 
commentaries and the first half of the second, 
as follows : Commentary upon the preface of 
al-Bahr, fol. 3a ; Mukaddiraah upon the suc- 
cessive generations of jurists, fol. 10a; 
Commentary upon Kitab al-Milal, fol. 22a ; 
Commentary upon the introduction of Kitab 
al-Kalaid, fol. 64a ; upon Kitab al-Tauhid, 
fol. 66a ; and upon Kitab al-'Adl, fol. 138a. 

The Kitab al-Munyat wal-Amal begins : 



j 



jt, jj\ kli 



The Kitab al-Durar al-Fara'id begins : 



The commentary includes the original text 
written in red. 

The last portion was completed, as stated 
by the author at the end, on Monday, the 
21st of Rajab, A.H. 835. The commentary 
upon the preface of al-Bahr was finished on 
Monday, the llth of Dulka'dah, A.H. 833. 
See fol. 21a. 



411. 

Or. 4027. Foil. 195 ; 9 in. by 6J ; from 35 
to 40 lines, 3f in. long ; written in minute 



and close Neskhi ; dated Friday, 19 Rajab, 
A.H. 1178 (A.D. 1765). 

[GLASEE, no. 349.] 

A diffuse commentary upon the Dlbfijah 
of al-Bahr, without title or author's name, 
imperfect at the beginning. 

The first paragraph begins : 



It relates to this passage of Fasl 2 of 
Kitab al-'Adl, the third book of the Dibajah : 

Ji' J^i ^ 



The commentary upon the next following 
books begins as follows : O\jjJJ\ u 
fol. 68a ; jj^J), **j\ i_t fol. 936 ; i 
j^fc )V, jli^ll J jJl^\ fol. 150a; L 
iU^^ foil. 161i 186&. 

The passages explained are written in the 
margin. The portion of the text included in 
the commentary occupies foil. 17a 33a iu 
the first volume of al-Bahr, no. 395. 

On the first page is the following note : 



Sayyid Hashim B. Yahya al-Shami, to 
whom the work is dubitatively assigned, was 
Kadi and Khatib in San'a, and a friend of 
the author of Tib al-Samar. See Or. 2427, 
fol. 1716. 



Foil. 187 189 are 
cellaneous extracts. 



taken up by mis- 



Foil. 190 195 contain a fragment of a 
dissertation on the service due by wives to 
their husbands, according to the decisions of 
Imam al-Hiidi. 



248 



LAW. 



412. 



Or. 4034. Foil. 353 ; 10 in. by 7| ; 25 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in small and fair, but 
sparingly pointed, Neskhi ; dated al-Sudah, 
Sunday, 27 Rajab, A.H. 981 (A.D. 1573). 

[GLASEK, no. 336.] 



A commentary upon the Hadiths quoted 
in Kitab al-Ahkam, the main portion of al- 
Bahr al-Zakhkhar, by 'Izz al-Din Muh. B. 
Yahya Ibn Bahran al-Tamlrni al-Basri al- 
Sa'di, with the following title : _/>\j>- <--X& 

4- * 






ri)l 



Beg. U li 



The scope of the work, as stated in the 
preface, is to give the complete text of the 
Hadiths referred to in the Bahr, with the 
necessary explanations, and to show in what 
part of the authentic collections of traditions 
they are found. The works to which they 
are referred are the six canonical books of 
Hadith, the Jyo^ j*U (by Mubarak Ibn al- 
Athlr, d. A.H. 606 ; Haj. Khal., vol. ii., 
p. 501) ; L_-oJ6^-Nj ^-AjLJ^JkN, by 'Abd al-'AzIm 
al-Mundiri (d. A.H. 656 ; Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 720a), and u*^; by Ibn Hajar (d. A.H. 
852; v. Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 283). 

The Hadiths peculiar to the Prophet' 
family are referred to the work callec 
J-^ Jyo} (by Imam Ahmad B. Sulaiman, 
who died A.H. 566), and to \ >'.ii (com- 



menced by Amir al-Husain B. Badr al-Din, 
who died A.H. 662, and finished by Sayyid 
Salah, son of al-Mahdi Ibrahim, who died 
A.H. 683 ; see Tarjuman, foil. 13 9a, lola). 

The commentary follows the order of the 
text (Or. 3728, fol. 2a Or. 3729, fol. 293a) 

from 'ij\4\ *_jt^ to jxJ! -_>^X and includes 
the two appendices, namely *ji&\ j^, fol. 
338a,,and ^W X*<^\, foil. 341J 346^. 

The author states at the end that the fair 
copy was completed on the 7th of Shawwal, 
A.H. 937. The work is mentioned in the 
Khulasat al-Athar, vol. ii., p. 306, under the 
title of j^ C^JJU^ j>.j, by Ibn Bahran. 

The present copy was transcribed from 
the MS. of 'Imad al-Dm Yahya B. Muh. B. 
'Amr B. al-Mu'afa, a copy of the author's 
original draft. 



Copyist : ^ 



^ J 6 ^ 



Foil. 347 353 contain some extracts, the 
most important of which is entitled **\ Xii^ 
i*jfj\j 2^\ J^la2 ( J, a contest between palm 
and vine, by 'Abdallah B. Muh. al-Najri. 

413. 

Or. 3804. Foil. '300 ; 9Jin.by6i; 19 lines, 
4 in. long; written in Neskhi, apparently in 
the 16th century. [GtASEE, no. 90.] 

I. Foil. 10284. The first portion of the 
preceding work, jV*-^ J>\jr, concluding with 
Kitab al-Hajj, and corresponding with foil. 
2 195 of the preceding MS. The writing 
is much crowded at the end, the last folios 
having about forty lines in a page. 

II. Foil. 1 9 ; written apparently in the 
18th century. 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



249 



The preface of a collection of Hadiths, 

entitled (fol. 9a) ^ ^ Jii^} J Ui-^)\ ^^ 

jl^ 3 ' y.jjjl, by Abu '1-Hasan 'All B. Muhyi 

al-Din Humaid B. Ahmad B. Ja'far Ibn al- 

Walid. 



Beg. 



ijjfc 

The author's name is found on the title- 
page : ^j 



He says at the beginning that he had 
received the Hadiths in Sa'dah, A.H. 602, 
from his father Muhyi al-Din, who had them 
from Kadi Shams al-Din Ja'far B. Ahmad 
B. Yahya. The preface is chiefly taken up 
with the author's various Isnads. At the 
end he says the work comprises 2500 Hadiths, 
classed under a number of Babs, the first of 
which is ^J Jus (J j>i5\ ^ f\o- 



The work is mentioned, as one of the 
leading collections of Hadith, in Falak al- 
Dawwar, Or. 3850, fol. 21, where to the 
author's name is added 



III. Foil. 285292 ; written apparently 
in the 17th century. 

A treatise on the duties of the Muhtasib, 
an extract from the Jawami' al-Nusus, by 
Imam al-Natik bil-Hakk al-Nasir (Yahya B. 
al-Husain, who died A.H. 424?): ,_Atf 



Beg. 



JIS 



414. 

Or. 3772. Foil. 297 ; 8J in. by 6 ; 15 lines, 
3 in. long; written in cursive and sparingly 
pointed Neskhi ; dated Tuesday, 21 Jum&da 
II., A.H. 1110 (A.D. 1698). 

[GLASEE, no. 56.] 



The first part of Ghayat al-Afkar, corre- 
sponding with foil. 2 64 of the preceding 
MS., no. 410. 

Contents : Commentary upon the preface 
of al-Bahr, fol. Qb. Mukaddimah upon tin- 
generations of jurists, fol. 43a. Commen- 
tary upon Kitab al-Milal, foil. 100 288. 

For another copy see the Berlin Catalogue, 

no. 2807. 

The MS. was written for Faklh Diyii al- 
Din Ishak B. Muh. al-'Abdi. 



Copyist : 



Foil. 18, 289 298, contain miscellaneous 
notes and extracts. 

415. 

Or. 3956. Foil. 243 ; 10iin.by7f ; 30 lines, 
5| in. long; written in fair, sparingly pointed, 
Neskhi ; dated 15 Shawwal, A.H. 836 (A.D. 
1433). [GLASEE, no. 250.] 



j* 



Another copy of the second of the com- 
mentaries included under the common title 
of Ghayat al-Afkar. 

The contents correspond with foil. 64 221 

of the preceding MS., no. 410. They 

comprise : An introduction to Kitab al- 

Kala'id, fol. Ib. A commentary upon Kitab 

K c 



250 



LAW. 



al-Tauhid, fol. 46. A commentary upon 
Kitab al-'Adl, fol. 1176. 

The MS. was written for al-Faklh Najm 
al-Dm Yusuf B. Ibrahim B. Ahmad al-Anisi. 



Copyist : 



416. 



Or. 4020. Foil. 207 ; 1 If in. by 8; 33 lines, 
6 in. long ; written in a rude and almost un- 
pointed Neskhi, apparently in the 16th century. 

[GLASER, no. 322.] 



Another copy of the second book of 
Grhayat al-Afkar. 

Contents : Introduction, fol. 11. Kitab 
al-Tauhid, fol. 36. Kitab al-'Adl, fol. 104a. 

The last section wants three or four leaves 
at the end. The contents correspond with 
foil. 64a 219a of no. 410. 

Foil. 1 8 and 13-14 have been supplied 
by a later hand. 

417. 

Or. 3840. Foil. 177; 12in.by8; 29 lines, 
4|- in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated Saturday, 21st of 
Muharram, A.H. ivp (probably for 1074, 
A.D. 1663). [GLASER, no. 128.] 

I. Foil. 1 54. A commentary upon Kitab 
al-Tahkik fi '1-Ikfar wal-TafsIk, the sixth 
book of the Dibajah. of al-Bahr (no. 395, 
fol. 28), by the author. 

Beg. t_>Ui'Us> jju^lMj 



The commentary includes the text, written 



in red. The author completed it, as stated 
at the end, on Saturday, the 13th of Rajab, 
A.H. 822, in Kal'ah Abi Yazid, on the slope 

of the hill of Miswar, lai'L-e (j ^jj. LJ J\ LJi' (j 

Jo* 



II. Foil. 55 177. A commentary upon 
Kitab al-Imamah, the seventh book of the 
same Dibajah (no. 395, fol. 30), by the 
author, with the text. 



Beg. 



It was completed on the 25th of Dulka'dah, 
A.H. 822, in the same place. The author 
adds in conclusion that, having finished the 
exposition of the questions relating to J^o) 
^.jJI, he was going to enter upon the expla- 
nation Of 



(the 8th book of the Dibajah). 



418. 

Or. 3807. Foil. 257; 11 in. by 8; from 
31 to 33 lines, 5 in. long; written in small and 
neat Neskhi ; dated Thursday, 10 Shawwal, 
A.H. 1044 (A.D. 1635). 

[GLASER, no. 94.] 

A commentary upon Riyadat al-Afham, 
a treatise on Kalam, or scholastic theology, 
the eighth of the Dibajah of al-Bahr, by the 
author. 



Beg. ( J^ 



The commentary includes the text of al- 
Bahr, written in red. It was completed, as 
stated at the end, on Friday, the 8th of 
Rajab, A.H. 828, the author being then at 
Hasyan, "having fled from the oppressors, 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



251 



and waging war upon the infidels, 



4 

The date of composition is five years 
earlier than that of the preface of Ghayat al- 
Afkar. But it appears that this commentary 
was subsequently embodied in the latter 
work, as its third book, with the title of 



\ which, although not found in the text, 
is written on the title-page of this MS. 

419. 

Or. 3925. Foil. 300; 8 in. by 5f ; 25 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in small and close Neskhi ; 
dated Thursday, 9 Ramadan, A.H. 1056 
(A.D. 1646). [GLASEB, no. 219.] 



A commentary upon the Mi'yar al-'Ukul, 
a treatise upon Usul al-Fikh or the bases of 
the law, the ninth book of the Dlbajah of al- 
Bahr, by the author. 



Beg. 



,j Jyull ^1* 



*w^ ^ 

This commentary is the fourth of those 
included in the Ghayat al-Af kar. It includes 
the text of the Mi'yar al-'Ukul (no. 395, 
foil. 59 SO), written in red. 

Copyist : ^^ ^ A\ jj* ^ j^>1 

There are a few marginal notes, and, at 
the end, an Ijazah, or licence, granted by 
Muh. B. Ibrahim Lutfallah to Sayyid al- 
Hasan B. Salah B. al-Mutahhar, A.H. 1064. 



420. 

Or. 3771. Foil. 174; 7f in. by 6; about 



35 lines, 3f in. long ; written in small and 
close Neskhi ; about A.H. 1025 (A.D. 1616). 

[GLASEB, no. 55.] 

The fifth of the treatises included in the 
Ghayat al-Afkar (v. no. 410), with the 

following title : _^ ,_y 



J\ 



Beg. 



It is a commentary upon, or rather a 
much expanded recension of, the Kitab al- 
Jawahir wal-Durar, the tenth, or historical, 
treatise of the Dlbajah of al-Bahr. It com- 
prises eight books enumerated in the title- 
page, each of which bears its own title. Of 
these the first six are contained in the present 
volume, as follows : 

I. Fol. 46. Account of creation, and 
description of the world and of the earth, 



II. Fol. 176. History of Adam and the 
Prophets, concluding with Juraij the monk, 
and the story of Ahl al-Ukhdud, Uj^\ 



The above two sections form what the 
author designates as the introduction, al- 
Mukaddimah. It was completed, as stated 
at the end, on Friday, the 25th of Jumada II., 
A.H. 831, in j.Ji\ a village near Haruz. 

III. Fol. 42a. History of the ancestors of 
the Prophet, jlj*.^ UJb\ ^ i\^/J 

IV. Fol. 46a. Life of the Prophet, *jJ1 



V. Fol. 120a. Lives of the ten blessed 
Companions (the MS. contains only those of 
'AH, Abu Bakr, 'Umar, 'Uthman, Talhah 
KK 2 



252 



LAW. 



and Zubair), w 



^ 



VI. Fol. 141 a. History of the Imams of 
the Zaidis, sij^s. j^, ^ 



The last book is imperfect at the end. 
The history is brought down to the- death of 
al-Mahdi Ahmad B. al-Husain (A.H. 656), 
and breaks off with a brief mention of the 
proclamation of al-Mansur al-Hasan B. Muh. 
(A.H. 657). 

The last two books are as stated on the 
title-page : 

VII. 



> 



viii. 



421. 

Or. 3890. Foil. 76 ; 8 in. by 6 ; about 
35 lines, 3f in. long ; written by the same 
hand as the preceding ; dated Saturday, 
18 Jumada I., A.H. 1025 (A.D. 1616). 

[GrLASER, no. 176.] 

I. Foil. 1 54. Continuation of the pre- 
ceding MS. It begins with the last para- 
graph of Riyad al-Fikar, namely, a notice 
relating to the tombs of Imam al-Hadi (died 
A.H. 298), of his son al-Murtada, and of other 
Imams in the Mashhad of Sa'dah,and contains 
the above-mentioned seventh and 
books of Yawakit al-Siyar, as follows : 

Fol. 1. An account of the Umayyades and 
Abbasides brought down to al-Nasir Ahmad 
B. al-Mustadi : 



Beg. 



eighth 



L*\ Ji lali- u^> 



The author states at the end that he com- 
pleted it on Saturday, the 26th Kamadan, 
A.H. 836, in al-Daka'ik, in the district of 
Miswar. 

Foil. 32a 54&. The concluding portion 
of the Yawakit al-Siyar, consisting of anec- 
dotes of saints and edifying stories, borrowed 
from Abu '1-Faraj 'Abd al-Eahman B. 'Ali B. 
Muh. al-Jauzi. 



Beg. tl^jjly. i^ >U$o 



li'lU 



It consists of sixty stories entitled 
and numbered. 

The following title has been written at the 
end of the preceding section, over the original 
text, which has been obliterated: 



II. Foil. 5565 ; dated 19 Rajab, A.H. 
1112 (A.D. 1700). A collection of Hadiths 
handed down by al-Hadi Yahya B. al-Husain, 
who died in Sa'dah, A.H. 298. 



Beg. 



They are arranged under the usual headings 
of legal books, beginning, after an introduc- 
tory chapter, with SjV^kM <_;b, 



and ending 



III. Foil. 65S 73; dated al-Sharaf, 
3 Sha'ban, A.H. 1112 (A.D. 1701). Tak- 
milat al-Ahkam, the second appendix of al- 
Bahr. See no. 397, fol. 284. 

IV. Foil. 73676 ; dated 30 Muharram, 
A.H. 1113 (A.D. 1701). Al-Mukaddimat 
al-Jazariyyah, a versified treatise on the 
correct pronunciation of the Goran. See 
no. 93. 



ZATDI FURU'. 



253 



422. 

Or. 3989. Foil. 256; 9 in. by 6f ; from 
30 to 35 lines, 5 in. long ; written in a 
cursive and ill-shaped scrawl, almost desti- 
tute of diacritical points ; dated from Dul- 
hijjah, A.H. 1189, to Safar, A.H. 1190 
(A.D. 1776). '[GLASER, no. 283.] 

Another copy of Yawakit al-Siyar (nos. 
420 and 421), with the following contents: 

I. Fol. U. 



II. Foil, lla 28a. *> 



. 



i,j3l ( 



III. Fol. 756. \u\>\ 



IV. Pol. 826. 



V. Fol. 1816. 



There are, in addition to the preceding 
copy, short notices of Sa'd B. Abi Wakkas, 
Sa'Id B. Zaid, 'Abd al-Rahman B. 'Auf, and 
Abu 'Ubaidah. 



VI. Fol. 200a. 



This account of the Imams is brought 
down to al-Mahdi 'Ali B. Muhammad, who 
died A.H. 774. 

VII. Fol. 225 2486. 



At the end is found the title of the next 
following book, viz. ^x>j (jJW*^ iJ5^P i >'^-S 

however, is wanting in this copy. 

VIII. Foil. 3074; 19 lines, 4 in. long; 



dated Friday, 18 Rabi' II., A.H. 11. Vj 
(A.D. 1739). 

A commentary by Sarim al-Dln Ibrahim 
B. Yahya al-Suhuli upon the "Thirty 
Questions " of Shams al-Din Ahmad B. al- 
Hasan al-Rassas, with this title : *Jjj 



The contents agree substantially with 
those of no. 207. 

Foil. 249 256 contain a tract upon the 
practice of reciting the Dikr, or litany, in 
the mosque of San'a, an extract from the 
Nahj al-Balaghah, and other miscellaneous 

extracts. 

423. 

Or. 3788. Foil. 133; 9J in. by 7; about 
31 lines, 4f in. long ; written for the most 
part in fair Neskhi, A.H. 708-9 (A.D. 
1308-9). [GLASEE, no. 73.J 

I. Foil. 2 18. Answers of Imam al- 
Mutawakkil-'ala'llah al-Mutahhar B. Mull. 
B. Sulaiman to legal questions. 



Bog. 



J'j' 



Al - Mutawakkil claimed the Imamate 
shortly after the death of 'Ali B. Salah and of 
al-Mahdi Ahmad B. Yahya, who both died 
A.H. 840. After a very chequered tenure 
of that office, he died in Damar, in the 
month of Safar, A.H. 879. See Tarjuman, 



254 



LAW. 



Add. r 18,513, fol. 240. His Diwan is de- 
scribed in the Arabic Catalogue, p. 750. 

Answers by 'Abdallah B. Yahya al-Naziri 
to nine more questions are appended, fol. 1 7b. 

II. Foil. 19-20. Answers of Imam 'Izz al- 
Din B. al-Hasan B. Amir al-Muminm (who 
claimed the Imamate A.H. 879, and died 
A.H. 900) to legal questions- put to him by 
the last-named scholar, 'Abdallah B. Yahya 
al-Naziri. 



II. Foil. 22 25. A treatise on the laws of 
marriage and divorce, without author's name. 

Beg. ^-^ i\ *? ua as 



The writing is the same as in the two 
preceding articles, and the author, whose 
blessings are invoked at the end, $\ <te\ 
&aLa* 'ij> ^, is probably one of the above- 
mentioned Imams. 

IV. Foil. 2632. The beginning of a 
commentary upon the Tadkirah, without 
author's name. 

Beg. . . . J^^ x- d\ l xs- <jjo U 



The commentary does not include the text. 
It breaks off in the chapter on ablution 
(Wadu), in the explanation of this passage : 

CJ^Jb i,l^aJ\ 1^. ja_^. $ (no. 354, fol. 4, 
line 9). 

V. Foil. 34 100. A commentary, 'jJuo, 
without author's name, upon the legal 
treatise of Kadi Ja'far B. Ahmad (about 
A.H. 550, v. Or. 3916), entitled 

Beg. i*0j\ J* 4 



The commentary does not include the text. 
It follows the usual order of legal works, 
and contains the following Kitabs : xj^W', 

fol. 346 ; SjUM, fol. 38b ; ji'J^\ fol. 45a ; 
, fol. 50a ; , fol. 516 ; 



, fol. 466 ; 
H, fol. 546 ; 
, fol. 956 ; *\Q, fol. 97a. 



, fol. 626 ; ^^ fol. 70a ; 



Dated at the end, Eajab, A.H. 708 (A.D. 
1308). 



The work 



is referred to in 



Ahlwardt's Glaser'sche Samnilung, no. 107. 

VI. Foil. 100131. A treatise on the 
law of succession, by Sayyid Jamal al-Din 
'Ali B. al-Husain B. Yahya B. al-Hadi ila '1- 
hakk, with this title : 



JU?- . . 



The author lived, as has been stated under 
no. 342, about the beginning of the seventh 
century of the Hijrah. He wrote the follow- 

ing three works upon law: 1. ^! ; 2.^J^ 
.J^ ; 3. c_^J\, and two treatises on the 
law of succession, viz., jjd\ (the present 
work) and bUejflj <jj>.^ ^J U]^! L\j*. See 
al-Tarjuman, fol. 154. 



i>1j) 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



255 



The work is divided into four Fasls, 
described in the preface as follows : 



w Jill 



l &**r iu/j 



The fourth Fasl, which forms the main 
bulk of the work, is subdivided into eight 
sections, >oj, which begin respectively at 
foil. 102a, 1096, 11 OJ, 1166, 118a, 1186, 
119a, and 129a. 

This copy is dated Thursday, 3 Muharram, 
A.H. 709 (A.D. 1309). 

Articles V. and VI. are written by the 
same scribe, Ahmad B. Khalifah al-Naziri. 



424. 

Or. 3796. Foil. 578 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 27 lines, 
4f- in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated Sha'ban, A.H. 
1066 (A.D. 1656). [GLASEB, no. 82.J 



A commentary by 'Imad al-Din Yahya B. 
Muh. B. Hasan B. Humaid B. Mas'ud B. 
'Abdallah al-Mukrani upon the text-book of 
Zaidi law entitled Athmar al-Azhar, by 
Imam Yahya Sharaf al-Dm B. Shams al- 
Dm, with the following title: 



Jy 



Beg. 



S*AJ\>. w 



The text of the Athmar, which is included 
in the commentary and written in red ink, 
begins : J* talb J,i ^JJ^ u*U*l\ t- 4) 



It is an improved and condensed edition of 
the Azhar(no. 365), by Yahya Sharaf al-Din, 
who was proclaimed Imam A.H. 912, and died 
A.H. 965. The commentary, which was 
written in his lifetime, and completed, as 
stated at the end, on Friday, the 6th of 
Jumada I., A.H. 941, purports to be mainly 
based upon the oral explanations of the 
Imam. We learn from the life of the latter, 
Or. 3731, foil. 29 and 42, that both text and 
commentary were solemnly read in an as- 
sembly of jurists in Sa'dah, A.H. 940943. 

In the present copy the work is divided 
into two equal parts. The first ends, fol. 
315, with ^\ t_^. The second, foil. 
316 578, begins with ia^J\ <~r^, and ends 



Copyist : 

Other commentaries upon the Athmar are 
noticed by Ahlwardt, Grlaser'sche Sammlung, 
nos. 88 and 184. 

425. 

Or. 3894. Foil. 273; 11 in. by 7f; 241ines, 
5 in. long ; written in large and fair, but 
imperfectly pointed, Neskhi, apparently in 
the 16th century. [GLASEB, no. 180.] 

The first half of the above commentary, 
j\y\\ JjljN, ending with jJ1 t_^ but 
wanting the last page. It has copious 
marginal notes. 



255 



LAW. 



426. 

Or. 3838. Foil. 300 ; 12 in. by 8 ; about 
30 lines, 5 in. long ; written in rather cursive 
Neskhi; dated Rabi' I., A.H. 1067 (A^D. 
1656). [GLASER, no. 126.] 



A commentary by the same 'Imad al-DIn 
Yahya B. Muh. B. Hasan B. Humaid al- 
Mukrani upon his own work, Fath al-Gbaffar, 
an abridgment of his full commentary upon 
the Athmar entitled al-Wabil al-Mighzar. 

The following title has been prefixed by 
the copyist: ji\ ^ LJQaJ\jUi'^j (jj^J\ i >Ui 



Beg. U . . 



i il*fl3\ II Jli 



The text of the Fath al-Ghaffar, which is 
included in the commentary, begins : j 



It is stated at the end that the Fath al- 
Ghaffar was completed on Sunday, the 24th 
of Jumada II., A.H. 966, and the present 
commentary on Monday, the 20th of Muhar- 
ram, A.H. 972. Both works, Fath al-Ghaffar 
and al-Shumus wal-Akmar, are mentioned in 
Khulasat al-Athar, vol. iii., p. 304. See also 
Glaser'sche Sammlung, nos, 4 and 157. 

427. 

Or. 3944. Foil. 269 ; 12 J in. by 8J ; 33 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in neat Neskhi ; dated 
Friday, 19 Jumada II., A.H. 1082 (A.D. 
1671). [GLASER, no. 238.] 



Another copy of the same work, 



428. 

Or. 3808. Foil. 328 ; 11 f in. by 8 ; written 
in fair Neskhi, with red-ruled margins ; 
dated (fol. 294) Sunday, 5 Muharratn, A.H. 
1102 (A.D. 1690). [GLASER, no. 95.] 

I. Foil. 1736 ; 29 lines, 4| in. long. 

A commentary upon the Mukaddimah of 
al- Athmar (no. 424). 

Beg. -jUx^ &Jj\ s->^J j/> (_?<^ < 

u **> U . . . 



t -Jj 

The author, whose name does not appear 
in the text, is only designated by his patro- 
nymic, Ibn Bahran, in the following endorse- 

ment: ill 



His full name is Muhammad B. Yahya Ibn 
Bahran al-Sa'di. He is mentioned in the 
life of Imam Sharaf al-DIn Yahya, Or. 3731, 
fol. 29, as the first of four commentators of 
the Athmar, and his commentary is described 
as extensive laj~f. See Ahlwardt, Glaser'- 
sche Sammlung, no. 184, and Wiistenfeld, 
Jemen im XI Jahrh., p. 86. 

It appears from the preface that the 
commentary was written by order of Imam 
Sharaf al-DIn, and that it includes expla- 
nations orally received from him. The 
present portion extends only to the end of 
the Mukaddimah. The title of the commen- 

tary is ,Ujl 

J J^~ 



jl*j^. See Glaser'sche Sammlung, no. 184. 
II. Foil. 37294 ; 13 lines, 3 in. long. 

Hidayat al-Afkar, a commentary upon the 
Azhar, by Sarim al-DIn Ibrahim Ibn al- 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



207 



Wazlr, with copious notes, written in a 
minute character, on the margin and between 
the lines. See no. 382. 

III. Foil. 216, 295328, contain mis- 
cellaneous notices and extracts. The most 
important are the following : 

Foil. 300-301. Notice of Sayyid Ibrahim 
Ibn al-Wazir, from the j>j}\ Jl gfi, by 
Sayyid Ahmad B. 'Abdallah. 

Foil. 304-305. HJ ^ _^iJ\ j \^,\ '^ 
S^-Jl, from al-Bahr al-Zakhkhar (v. no. 397). 

Fol. 306. &F Sjj&Jl, by al-Mutawakkil 
Isma'Il B. al-Kasim (d. A.H. 1087). 

Foil. 3066309. Lo^ ^ J ^lyN I,* 
(jo\*ojA, by Sayyid Jamal al-Dln al-Hadi B. 
Ibrahim Ibn al- Wazlr. 

429-30. 

Or. 3793-94. Two volumes consisting re- 
spectively of foil. 211 and 219 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 
about 35 lines, 5 in. long; written by the 
same hand in rather cursive Neskhi, and 
divided only by the binding ; dated al- 
Sharaf, Saturday, 7 Ramadan, A.H. 1101 
(A.D. 1690). [GLASEE, no. 78-9.] 

A versified treatise on the Furu' of Zaidi 
law, by al-Husain B. al-Nasir B. 'Abd al- 
Hafiz al-Muhalla, with a short prose preface 

beginning : J*M i^lU? UuJ* <j J.M all 



The first verse is : 



i J 



The same rhyme la is kept up throughout 
the work. 

The author's name appears on the title- 
page, in the hand of the scribe, as follows : 



liuiU 



J/J 



His father, al-Nasir B. 'Abd al-Hafiz, of 
al-Sharaf, an eminent jurist and Wazir to 
Imarfi al-Muayyad-billah (A.H. 10291054), 
completed the versified legal treatise of al- 
Imam al-Busi, ^j^ i^ku, J~>, and died 
A.H. 1081. See Khulasat al-Athar, vol. iv., 
p. 244. The author, who was Imam of al- 
Sharaf, wrote upon the above treatise an 
extensive commentary, consisting, as stated 
in the above preface, of seven volumes, and 

entitled SJUAM _ JS> &x*.jjiJ\ *\j^ from 



J _ *. ^ 

which the present work is abridged. He 
was killed in an affray at al-Sinn, near al- 
Sharaf, where the author of Tib al-Samar 
visited his tomb. See Or. 2428, fol. 201. 

The author says at the end that he had 
reduced the work from 50,000 lines (Bait) 
to 30,000, and had completed the abridg- 
ment on Monday, the 18th of Jumada II., 
A.H. 1098. The following title, which does 
not appear in the text, has been written by 
a later hand on the first page : 



The work follows the usual arrangement 
of law-books, but contains only the following 
kitabs, the remaining sections being termed 

babs: *}&$, Or. 3793, fol. 5a; SjUM, fol. 
23a ; j\J*P, fol. 49a ; i\, fol. 54o ; 
fol. 656 ; fU-JI, fol. 676 ; Jl, fol. 74a ; 
fol. 926; j^U^ fol. 120a; ^\ fol. 148a; 
JJI, fol. 2026 ; 5,U^, Or. 3794, fol. 8a ; 

L L 



258 



LAW. 



b, fol. 32a ; 
212^218. 

Copyist : j\*N 



Jl, fol. 122a ; j^\, foil 



431. 



Or. 3923. Foil. 283 ; 8iin.by5f; 21 lines, 
3-g in. long ; written in Neskhi, with ruled 
margins ; dated Saturday, 8 Kajab, A.H. 
1163 (A.H. 1750). [GLASER, no. 217.] 

A collection of legal tracts, by Sarim al- 
Dm Ibrahim B. Khalid al-'Ulufi, with the 
following title : 



Beg. e 



r- 



The author lived in the twelfth century of 
the Hijrah. One of the tracts included was 
composed, according to a date transcribed 
from his autograph MS., fol. 44&, in Muhar- 
ram, A.H. 1147. The tracts appear to have 
been mostly written in answer to questions 
put to the author. They relate for the most 
part to points of law, and have been arranged 
according to the usual order of legal works, 
from Kitab al-Salat to Kitab al-Siyar. 

In the first tract, fol. 35, the author 
discusses the import of this Hadith, \jj& 

IjAfr jli. JJ 

The subject of the second, fol. 6a, is 
denned as follows: 



The third tract, fol. 11&, is' an answer to 
a letter charging the author with a sweeping 
condemnation of the 'Ulama. 



The fourth tract, fol. 155, belongs to 
Kitab al-Salat, and relates to the question 
whether it is lawful to go to sleep shortly 
before the time of prayer. It was written 
in answer to Sayyid 'Izz al-Din Muh. B. 
Isma'il al-Amir, whose writing is given in 
full. 

The fifth tract, fol. 3 la, relates to the 
lawfulness of the joint performance of two 
legal prayers, ^^\ ^o *^ 

Another copy of the same is found in 
no. 432, II. 

The collection concludes with a tract 
against the prevailing practice of inoculating 
children with small-pox, fol. 2766. 

The MS. was transcribed, as stated at the 
end, for Kadi 'Imad al-Islam Yahya B. 
Salih al-Suhuli. 

Foil. 279 282 contain an annotation to 
al-Manar, a gloss upon al-Bahr al-Zakhkhar 
(no. 409). 

432. 

Or. 3907. Foil. 35 ; 8f in. by 6$ ; 23 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi, 
apparently in the 19th centiiry. 

[GLASER, no. 195. J 

I. Foil. 315. A treatise on the meaning 
of Kafa'at, ts>\a&>\, or equality of rank, in 
relation to the marriage-laws, by Sayyid al- 
Hasan B. Ishak B. al-Mahdi, with the 
following title : <j jii y> L 



Beg. UjJij 



The author is mentioned by the writer of 



ZAIDI FURU'. 



259 



Tib al-Samar, writing A.H. 1144, Or. 2428, 
foil. 14 19, as one of his contemporaries. 

Foil. 5 8 are written on one side only. 
The fly-leaves, foil. 1 and 2, contain a table 
of the early Goran-readers, and mnemonic 
verses on the pauses in the Goran and the 
pronunciation of the final nun, 



II. Foil. 155 23. A tract on the question 
whether it is lawful to join two of the 
obligatory prayers into one, by Sarim al-Islam 
Ibrahim B. Khalid al-Kurashi al-'Ulufi, 



Beg. 



J^ 



See the collection of the author's legal 
treatises, no. 432, where the same tract 
occupies foil. 31 44. 

III. Foil. 2435. A treatise on the 
question whether it is lawful for the de- 
scendants of the Prophet to receive part of 
the Zakat, or legal alms ; written by Safi al- 
Din Ahmad B. Salih B. Abi '1-Rijal in 
refutation of a tract by Sayyid Sharaf al- 

Din al-Hasan B. Ahmad al-Jalal, &J\ \^s> 



W 1 > 



The author died A.H. 1092. See Khulasat 
al-Athar, vol. i., p. 220. 

433. 

Or. 3889. Foil. 94 ; 8J- in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in Neskhi, apparently 
in the 18th century. 

[GLASER, no. 175.] 

A Takhrij, or collection of Hadiths quoted 
in legal books, with their Isnads, without 
title or author's name. 



Beg. 



U, Jl3 4N JS 



(Goran xcviii., v. 4) ^. 

CJLlj. ^ 411 



The first rubrics are J^l^U^ v'j fol. 16 ; 
OU\^^ u^b, fol. 2a; jLj^M ^l^t J 
fol. 56 ; *K u-^-^Ljiil,, fol. 7a, etc. 



The Kitab al-Saliit, which begins fol. 586 
thus : tj 3 jie ^.jJ\ ^ i*j*\\ flk*^ J6j\ 1 ,jb 
breaks off, fol. 806, a page after the heading : 



The works most frequently quoted are 



JU\, all traditional works 
belonging to the Zaidis, and the following 
Sunni works : Jjil tyj, by Ibn Hajar ; IM 
\ by Siraj al-Dm Ibn al-Mulakkin; and 
\ by al-Suyuti. 



In Dr. Glaser's list the work is called 
Kitab al-I'tisam, by al-Kasim B. Muhammad 
(d. A.H. 1029). Neither name appears in 
the MS. Al-I'tisam was left unfinished. See 
Bughyat al-Murid, fol. 446. 

Foil. 81 94 contain two fragments of 
theological treatises. 

L L 2 



260 



LAW. 



Law of Inheritance. 

434. 

Or. 4302. Foil. 80 ; 8J in. by 5f ; 17 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
1 Dulka'dah, A.H. 1207 (A.D. 1793). 

[BUDGE.] 



A commentary by 'Abdallah al-Shanshuri 
upon tlie metrical treatise on the law of 
inheritance, entitled Grhunyat al-Bahith, and 
commonly called al-Rahbiyyah, by Muh. B. 
'Ali al-Kahbi, who died A.H. 577 (v. 
Or. 3935, V.). 



Beg. 



The commentator's full name is 'Abdallah 
B. Baha al-Dm Muhammad al-'Ajami al- 
Shanshuri al-Faradi al-Shafi'i. He was 
Khatib of the Mosque al-Azhar, and died 
A.H. 999. He wrote this commentary 
A.H. 984. At the end is an appendix on 
the law of succession in five Babs, foil. 70 80. 
The commentary has been printed with a 
gloss by Ibrahim B. Muh. al-Bajuri (d. A.H. 
1276), Cairo, A.H. 1282. For other MSS. 
see the Khedive's Catalogue, vol. iii., p. 312, 
vol. vii., pp. 457, 499. A French translation 
of the commentary has been published by 
J. D. Luciani, under the title of " Traite des 
successions musulmanes, extrait du commen- 
taire de la Eahbia par Chenehouri," Paris, 
1890. 

435. 

Or. 4304. Foil. 159 ; 8 in. by 5^ ; 14 lines, 



3 in. long; written in fair Neskhi, probably 
in the 17th century. [BUDGE.] 

A commentary upon the well-known trea- 
tise on the law of inheritance, s-a-l^-N ^ja>\^, 
by Siraj al-Din Muhammad B. Muh. B. 'Abd 
al-llashid al-Sajawandi, who lived about 
A.H. 600. 



J* A\ 



j\s 



The commentator, whose name does not 
appear, is al-Sayyid al-Sharif Muh. B. 'Ali 
al-Jurjani, who died A.H. 816. See Haj. 
Khal., vol. iv., p. 201 ; and for other copies, 
Loth, nos. 239-40 ; Pertsch, no. 1102 ; the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 409 ; and the Khedive's 
Catalogue, vol. iii., p. 308. 

Foil. 135 159 are written in a smaller 
character, with twenty-five lines in a page. 

436. 

Or. 3098. Foil. 21 ; 7J in. by 5 ; 13 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in an elegant Neskhi on 
red-tinted paper, with all the vowels ; dated 
Wednesday, 3 Dulka'dah, A.H. 726 (A.D. 
1326). [KBEMEK, no. 108.] 

A metrical treatise on the law of inheri- 
tance, according to the Shafi'i school, by Taj 
al-Dm Abu Muh. B. Abi Hamid B. Hamid 
al-Ja'bari al-Shafi'i. 

The following title, enclosed in an orna- 

^ 

mental border, is prefixed : J* <j ( Ji)J\ 



_G 



LAW OF INHERITANCE. 



261 



> fS ty U 

A short preamble of four Baits is followed 
by the heading : (j*>.}j&\ t r >U*'. The poem 
is divided into short sections G >b), the 
first of which has the heading : 
*jol_ycj ^jj^ the second : tU^j 

Hix=>-j 



The author, whose proper name is Siilih 
B. Thamir B. Hamid al-Ja'bari, so called 
from Kal'at Ja'bar on the Euphrates, was 
successively Kadi of Balbek, and assistant 

judge, *ilii i_-oli, in Damascus. He died 
in the latter city on the 16th of Rabi' I., 
A.H. 706. His poem on Fara'id, commonly 
known as al-Ja'bariyyah, is mentioned with 
praise in the notices of his life. See al- 
Isnawi, fol. 436 ; al-Durar al-Kaminah, Or. 
3043, fol. 1396 ; and Haj. Khal., vol. iv., 
p. 535. For other copies see Pertsch, 
Gotha Catalogue, no. 1116, and Houtsma, 
Brill's Catalogue, no. 920. 



Copyist : v^AjljJ 



437. 

Or. 4303. Foil. 49; 8 in. by 6; 19 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated A.H. 1231 (A.D. 
1816). [BDDGJB.] 



A treatise on the law of inheritance, by 
Badr al-Din Muhammad B. Muh. Sibt al- 
Maridini, who died A.H. 934. 

Beg. 



It will be seen from the above that the 
work is simply an improved and better ar- 
ranged recension of al-Kallai's earlier treatise, 
called al-Majmu'. The author of the latter 
is Abu 'Abdallah Shams al-Din Muhammad 
B. Sharaf al-Kalla'i al-Faradi al-ShiiB'i, who 
died. A.H. 777. See al-Durar al-Kaminah, 
II., p. 76, and Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 407. 
Al-Kalla, from which his Nisbah is taken, is 
a quarter of al-Basrah (Yakut, vol. iv., 
p. 293). 

For other MSS. see the Khedive's Library, 
vol. iii., pp. 304 and 316, and vol. vii., p. 197, 
where the work is called 



438. 

Or. 3058. Foil. 33 ; 8 in. by 5 ; written in 
cursive Nestalik and Neskhi, in the latter 
half of the 18th century. 

[KEEMEE, no. 65.] 

I. Foil. 26 13a. Tables showing the 
transmission of sacred traditions from the 
earliest authorities down to the twelfth 
century of the Hijrah. 

Starting from Abu Bakr and other Com- 
panions of the Prophet, from the founders 
of the Sunni schools of law, and a few others, 
they give under each a bare list of successive 
traditionists. They are arranged in three 
columns, and some are brought down to 
'Abd al-Ghani B. Isma'il al-Nabulusi, who 
died A.H. 1143. 

II. Foil. 136 14J. Teaching licence 
granted by the traditionist 'Ali al-Hasani al- 
Husaini to Sayyid Mustafa Efendi, assistant- 
secretary to the Defterdar 'Ah' Efendi, 



26:2 



LAW. 



date(i Constan- 



tinople, A.H. 1182. 



III. Foil. 15& 336. A tabulated treatise 
on the law of inheritance. 

Beg. fL&l\ "s^ji UN J~> tf&\ & *& 

The author, whose name does not appear, 
dedicates the work to his patron, 'Ala al- 
Dm, and gives for the date of composition 
the chronogram J&S.J J jS 

Haj. Khal., who notices the work under 
the title yifljiM JM, vol. i., p. 322, ascribes 
it to Ahmad Ibn Kamal Pasha, who died 
A.H. 940, and gives the above chronogram 
in its correct form, JKJW1 ^^ A.H. 927. 
The patron to whom the work is dedicated 
was 'Ala al-DIn 'Ali al-Jamali, who was 
Mufti A.H. 909932, and in whose Medreseh 
the author held the post of professor. See 
Shaka'ik, fol. 1326. 



Zaidi Works. 

439. 

Or. 3877. Foil. 195; 8 in. by 5^; about 
18 lines, 3f in. long ; written by various 
hands, with dates ranging from A.H. 852 to 
A.H. 995 (A.D. 14481587). 

[GLASER, no. 165.] 

I. Foil. 1 46. A treatise by Faklh Jamal 
al-Din Muhammad B. Abi '1-Kasim upon 
disputed points of the law of inheritance, 

with this title : ^ gia^t 



Beg. 



It is divided into Babs, not numbered, 
and subdivided into Fa sis. This copy is 
dated Safar, A.H. 852 (A.D. 1448), and it 
appears from the above title that the author 
was then living. In the colophon the work 

is called 



II. Foil. 47 175. An extensive treatise 
on the same subject, imperfect at the begin- 
ning, and without author's name. 

It begins with the latter part of the 
preface, from which it appears that the work 
was divided into six Kisms. The last two 
of these are thus described : 



This is the work a complete copy of 
which is extant in Or. 3754. 

The contents of the present copy corre- 
spond with foil. 3116 of the latter MS. 

The last four leaves have been written by 
al-Hadi B. 'Abdallah B. Abi '1-Rijal, and are 
dated 10 Jumada II., A.H. 995 (A.D. 1587). 



III. Foil. 176181. uitoM ^Uc Miftah 
al-Fa'id, a short treatise on the law of 
inheritance, by al-Fadl B. Abi Sa'd al- 
'Usaifiri, (^>\j&\ ^ ^ (je&\ .-. I 

Beg. 



According to a notice appended to Or. 
3735, the author, who is there called 



was a contemporary of Imam al-Mansur 
'Abdallah B. Hamzah (A.H. 594613). 
He wrote three works on the law of inheri- 



tance, viz. 



, composed by desire of the 



LAW OF INHERITANCE. 



268 



above-named Imam, an abridgment of the 
same, entitled e^OjI^Jl Ae- ^j c^ojU.^ &> 
(Glaser'sche Sammlung, no. 78), which was 
not finished, and the present compendium. 
He left, besides, commentaries on the Mu- 
fassal of Zamakhshari, on the Kafiyah, and 
a work entitled Kitab al-Lami'. 

The present work is mentioned by Haj. 
Khal., vol. vi., p. 27. Several copies are 
noticed by Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammlung, 
nos. 62, 65, and 233, 2. 



IV. Foil. 182190. A gloss, aaJ^, upon 
the preceding treatise, without author's name. 

Beg. 



This copy, dated end of Muharram, A.H. 
883 (A.D. 1478), was written by Fakih Salih 
B. "Yusuf, ,_f3UU, for Sayyid al-Husain B. 
al-Hasan B. Muh.. B. Rasul-allah. 

V. Foil. 192194. Genealogical notice 
relating to al-Mutahhar B. 'Ali B. al-Imam 
al-Nasir-lidm-allah Muh. B. al-Imam al-Hadi 
ila'1-hakk Yahya B. al-Husain (who lived in 
Yemen at the close of the fourth century of 
the Hijrah) and to his descendants; extracted 
from the Mushajjarah, or genealogical table, 
of Sayyid Salah B. Ahmad B. al-Diya al- 
Hadawi. This al-Mutahhar was the great- 
grandfather of Imam al-Mutawakkil Ahmad 
B. Suleiman, who died A.H. 566. 



440. 

Or. 3735. Foil. 78 ; 11 in. by 7; 29 lines, 
5|- in. long ; written in fair close Neskhi, 
apparently in the 18th century. 

[GLASEE, no. 19.] 

A full and exhaustive commentary upon 



the Miftah al-Fa'id (no. 439, III.), by 
Muhammad B. Da'ud al-Khalidi, with this 
title : 



Beg. 



bb 

It will be seen from the next copy that 
the work must have been written before 
A.H. 950. 

Contents : Mukaddimah ; definition, scope, 
and importance of the science of Fara'id ; 
what has to be deducted from the estate 
before its division, fol. \b. Twenty-one 
Babs, containing the commentary proper, 
fol. 4a. Khatimah ; portion of divorced 
women ; some necessary notions of arith- 
metic and geometry, foil. 526 78. 

Fol. 786 contains the notice of the author 
of al-Miftah mentioned under no. 439, III. 

The text of the Miftah is written by a 
later hand in the upper margins. 



441. 

Or. 4039. Foil. 227 ; 8} in. by 5 ; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in large .and fair Neskhi ; 
dated Dulhijjah, A.H. 950 (A.D. 1544). 

[GLASEB, no. 341.] 

An older and better copy of the same 
commentary, wanting the first leaf. 



Copyist : 



It is stated in the margin that the MS. 
was corrected by the autograph MS. of the 
author, al-Faklh Shams al-Din al-Khalidi, in 

San'a. 



264 



LAW. 



442. 

Or. 3903. Foil. 65 ; llf in. by 8 ; 29 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in plain Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 17th century. 

[GLASEB, no. 189.] 

A commentary upon Miftah al-Fa'id, with- 
out author's name, with this title : 



Beg. *il 



This copy is slightly imperfect at the end. 
It breaks off in the comments upon the last 
words of the text. See, for another imperfect 
copy, no. 443, II. 



443. 

Or. 3875. Foil. 103 ; 8 in. by 6 ; about 
24 lines, 4 or 4?J in. long ; written in cur- 
sive Neskhi by several hands, apparently in 
the 17th century. 

, no. 163.] 



I. Foil. 1 30. A commentary by 'Alam 
al-Dm Kasim B. Muh. B. Isma'il al-Hijji 
upon Miftah al-Fa'id, with this title : 



JU51 



Beg. 



i U \ 



The commentary wants a few lines at the 



end. For other copies see Or. 4026, where 
the author's name is more fully given, Or. 
4005, I., dated A.H. 914, and Ahlwardt, 
Glaser'sche Sammlung, no. 62, 2. 

II. Foil. 31102. Another and fuller 
commentary upon the same work, slightly 
imperfect at beginning and end, without 
author's name. 

The first passage explained is the first 
clause of the text, viz., _*~J ilj 
^)jj --&j. The commentary begins : 
J\ 



.. 

The MS. ends abruptly with the expla- 
nation of the last chapter but one of the 
Miftah, Jji 



This is the commentary contained in no. 
442, with the title 



444. 

Or. 3885. Foil. 54; 8J in. by 5| ; 21 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi ; 
dated Friday, end of Ramadan, A.H. 1090 
(A.D. 1679). [GLASEE, no. 171.] 

A commentary by Diya al-Dm Salih B. 
Ibrahim al-N"uhaim upon the Miftah al-Fa'id 
(no. 439, III.), with this title : ,>~j-K \. 



Beg. . . . 



J>\i 



The commentary includes the whole text 
written in red. In another copy, Or. 4026, 
II., the author's title (Lakab) is Salah al-Din. 



LAW OF INHERITANCE. 



265 



Appended is a short tract, foil. 51 54, 
containing instructions for pilgrims to the 
Ka'bah and the tomb of the Prophet, begin- 
ning : LpliSl Jjll A\ uLoo J>\ Ji 

f 

445. 

Or. 3995. Foil. 72 ; 12J in. by 8 ; 27 lines, 
4} in. long; written in neat Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated Habur, "Wednesday, 
9 Dulhijjah, A.H. 1130 (A.D. 1718). 

[GLASEB, no. 289.] 

A commentary by Sayyid Ibrahim B. 
Yahya B. al-Huda al-Kasimi al-Haburi upon 
the Miftah al-Fa'id, with this title: < ^ 



j> 



Beg. y 



The author belonged to a Sayyid family 
called al-Jahhafi and settled in Habur. He 
is mentioned as an eminent scholar in the 
life of his son Isma'il, Khulasat al-Athar, 
vol. i., p. 404, and in Tib al-Samar, Add. 
2428, fol. 166. At the end of the present 
MS., foil. 69 72, the author enumerates the 
works he had studied under the following 
masters : 1. Imam al-Mu'ayyad billah Muh. 
B. al-Kasim (d. A.H. 1054). 2. Jamal al- 
Dm 'AH B. al-Husain al-Maswari. 3. Jamal 
al-Dm 'Ali B. Muh. Mutair (d. A.H. 1084). 
He gives in extenso the Ijazahs, or licences, 
which he had received from the last two, 
dated respectively A.H. 1031 and 1039. 

There are two appendices to the commen- 
tary proper, viz., 1. A chapter on testaments, 
b.Up\ ._b, fol. 61ft. 2. A collection of 
Hadiths enjoining the study of the law of 



succession, borrowed from 'Abd al-'Azim al- 
Mundiri, fol. 64i. 

This copy was written for Imam al-Mansur- 
billah al-Husain B. al-Kasim B. al-Muayyad 
by Yahya B. Ibrahim al-Jahhafi, apparently 
the author's son. 

446. 

Or. 3754. Foil. 128 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 19 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Monday, 8 Rabi' I., A.H. 817 (A.D. 1414). 

[GLASEB, no. 38.] 

A treatise on the law of inheritance, with- 
out title or author's name, with the following 
modern endorsement : (_>i>Ui!l (^ LLijo sj* 
\%&y* &UI j^-j, and this misleading title on 
the outer edge : 

Beg. 

*/kw> H 



JJ 



J JJ W 



After giving some oral instruction in the 
law of inheritance to the eminent jurist, 
Nizam al-Din al-Kasim B. Ahmad al-Shakiri, 
the author was requested by him to write the 
present full manual, illustrated by copious 
examples. He consulted the following works : 
Durar al-Fara'id, by Amir Jamal al-Din 'Ali 
B. al-Husain Ibn al-Hadi (no. 423, VI.) ; 
Kitab al-Lami', by Shaikh al-Fadl B. Abi '1- 
Sa'd al-'Usaifiri (v, no. 439, III.) ; and a 
Shafi'i work entitled Kitab al-Kafi (by Ishak 
B. Yusuf al-Faradi al-Zarkali, who died c. 
A.H. 500 ; v. Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 21). 

The work is divided, as stated in the 
preface, into the following six Kisms : 

1. 



M U 



2(56 



HISTORY. 



2. 

3. *jjL5\ 

4. 

5. 

6. 



This plan, however, is not fully carried 
out in the body of the work, which contains 
only the first four of the above Kisms, 
beginning respectively at fol. 3a, 36, 7a, 
and 636. The fourth Kism is subdivided 
into fourteen Babs, the last two of which 
have headings identical with those of Kisms 
5 and 6 and the preface. The thirteenth 
Bab, fol. 1016, is entitled ^ cJOM t-\*M 
iuuo lj <-r>j-oM { J. The fourteenth Bab, 
fol. 116a, bUjJb jfc, jis. g\J\ <-AN> consists 
only of a brief reference to more extensive 
works: ,ufl L_^J\ J CJOJ jKlai. The 
subject it was to deal with is treated in a 
separate book, bUjJ\ L_>IJ/, foil. 1166128, 
which forms an appendix to the work. 

A treatise with the same beginning is 
mentioned by Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Samm- 
lung, nos. 62, z and 84, under the title of 

(jaJ\j&\ ^J laJu-jM L-jl^s. The author is 
called 



Copyist : 



HISTORY. 

Ancient and General History. 

447. 

Or. 1491. Foil. 136 ; 9| in. by 7* ; 25 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in fine large Neskhi ; 
dated Zabld, the last day of Sha'ban, A.H. 
710 (A.D. 1310). 

[SiE HENRY C, RAWLINSON.] 



A manual of early Muslim history and 
biography, by Abu Muh. 'Abdallah B. Muslim 
Ibn Kutaibah al-Dlnawari al-Katib. 



Beg. ^ 



*i6\ ^ 

The author died in Baghdad, in Rajab, 
A.H. 276, at the age of sixty-three. See al- 
'Ibar, fol. 92, al-Kamil, vol. vii., p. 305. An 
earlier date, however, A.H. 270,is given for his 
death in the Fihrist, p. 77. But Ibn Khalli- 
kan, who mentions both, gives the preference 
to the former (see the autograph MS., Add. 
25,735, fol. 163. A.H. 296 in De Slane's 
edition, p. 353, is a clerical error for 276). 
Compare Kamil, vol. vii., p. 305 ; "Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 73 ; and Hammer, 
Literaturgesch., vol. iv., p. 454. 

The present copy agrees with the text 
published by Wiistenfeld, Gottingen, 1850. 
But the chapter relating to extreme Shl'ah 
sects, p. 301, is left out, and the history of 
the kings of Persia, which in the printed 
edition comes last, pp. 320 340, is here 
placed before the kings of Yemen, foil. 125a 
129a. The account of the Abbasides is 
brought down, fol. 85, to the death of al- 
Muktadir, A.H. 320. 

The work has been printed in Cairo, 
A.H. 1300. For other copies see the preface 
of Wiistenfeld's edition; Pertsch, Gotha 
Catalogue, no. 1552 ; Rosen, Notices Som- 
maires, no. 155 ; Institut, no. 30 ; and the 
Paris Catalogue, no. 1465. 

At the end is the following notice of the 
author and of his son Ahmad, transcribed 
by the copyist from an earlier MS. : 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



267 



Copyist : ^ j. 



II. Another text, written lengthways in 
the margins, by a Maghribi hand, has no 
connection with the work of Ibn Kutaibah. 
It consists, as stated at the beginning, of 
extracts from two works thus designated : 



5L-M AAfr 



(. 



The first of these works, al-Bad' wa'l- 
Ta'rikh, written by Abu Zaid Ahmad B. 
Sahl al-Balkhi, A.H. 355, has been described 
by C. Huart, Journal Asiatique, 1887, II., 
pp. 160 164. The second, Nuzhat al- 
Majalis, a collection of edifying stories, by 
'Abd al-Rahman B. 'Abd al-Salam al-Shafi'i 
al-Saffuri, who wrote it in Mecca A.H. 884, 
has been printed in Cairo A.H. 1281 and 1300. 
See the Khedive's Library, vol. ii., p. 179. 

The extracts, in which no distinction is 
made between these two works, begin with 
remarks on the sanctity of the formula J\ 5) 

d\ $\ and al)\ *-^. They are chiefly taken 
up with religious exhortations to patience 
and trust in God, with the merits, t-JiUc, 
of the Prophets of old, of Muhammad, and 
of his principal Companions, with records of 
the Umayyades and early 'Abbasides, and 
with anecdotes of saints. They conclude 
with traditions relating to the Dajjal, or 
Antichrist. Comparatively late writers, as 
al-Nasafi, Ibn al-Janzi and Ibn al-'Arabi, 
are occasionally quoted. On the last page is 
written, by the same Maghribi hand, the 



letter of 'Amr B. al-'As to 'Umar B. al- 
Khattub, describing Egypt. On the fly-leaf 
at the beginning is Ibn Khallikan's notice of 
Ibn Kutaibah, by a later Oriental hand. 

A short notice of the MS. written on the 
first page by its former owner concludes 
thus: "Very fine and ancient copy, pur- 
chased by me at Baghdad, Jan. 8, 1847. 
H. Rawlinson." 

448-9. 

Or. 1343-4. Two uniform volumes, consist- 
ing respectively of foil. 392 and 399 ; 9 in. 
by-6i ; 25 lines, 3| in. long; written by the 
same hand in plain Neskhi; dated 13 Rabi' I., 
A.H. 1263 (A.D. 1847). 

[SiR CHARLES A. MURRAY.] 



The " Golden Meadows ;" the well-known 
historical work of Abu'l-Hasan 'Ali B. al- 
Husain al-Mas'udi, who wrote it A.H. 332 
336, and died A.H. 346. See Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 119, and Barbier de 
Meynard, les Prairies d'Or, Avant-propos>. 
p. iii., seqq. 

The first volume ends with the account of 
Hasan, Prairies d'Or, vol. v., p. 14. The 
second contains the rest of the work. 

Copyist : <j>\ J* o*J1 ^ *jjy\ 

The work has been printed in Bulak, 
A.H. 1283, on the margin of Nafh al-Tib, 
Bulak, A.H. 1304, and on the margin of the 
Kamil, Cairo, A.H. 1303. For MSS. see 
the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1476 85 ; the 
Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 146 ; the 
Leyden Catalogue, no. 752, etc. 

450-1. 

Or. 1518 and 1519. Two uniform volumes, 
containing respectively foil. 226 and 235 ; 

M M 2 



268 



HISTORY. 



in. by 8| ; 22 lines, 5 in. long ; written 
by the same hand in large and clear Neskhi, 
apparently in the 19th century. 

[SiR HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

The same work. 

The two volumes form a continuous text, 
divided only by the binding. The first ends 
in the middle of the chapter devoted to the 
sayings of 'Ali, the last passage correspond- 
ing with vol. iv., p. 449, of the Paris edition. 

The second volume, beginning with the 
sequel of the above chapter, concludes with 
the brief record of the reign of al-Muti', 
which is found at p. 2, vol. ix., of the same 
edition. The subsequent chapters are want- 
ing. An extensive passage, consisting chiefly 
of poetical quotations, vol. viii., pp. 385 407, 
is also omitted. 

On the first page of vol. i. is a note written 
by a former owner, whose name has been 
erased, with the date A.H. 1252 (A.D. 1836). 

On the fly-leaf Sir Henry Rawlinson has 
written : " Very good copy of Massoudi's 
Muruj edh Dheheb .... bought by me at 
Baghdad, 1854." 

452. 

Or. 1521. Foil. 293 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 19 lines, 
4$ in. long ; written in rather cursive Neskhi, 
with red-ruled margins, apparently in the 
18th century, except foil. 1 44, 52, 53, 
which have been supplied by a later hand. 

[SiK HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

The first half of the same work, ending 
abruptly with an anecdote relating to 
Mu'awiyah and Jumail B. Ka'b (Paris 
edition, vol. v., p. 117). 

A table of contents has been prefixed by 
the same hand that supplied the deficiency 
of the MS. 



453. 

Or. 1520. Foil. 144; 9J in. by 6J; 27 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in fair distinct Neskhi, 
apparently in the 15th century, except foil. 
1 8 and 144, which have been supplied by a 
modern hand. [SiR HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

The first volume of the same work, ending 
with the chapter on the black races, 



The contents correspond with the Paris 
edition from the beginning to p. 61 of 
vol. iii. 

The old writing begins in the middle of the 
table of chapters (vol. i., p. 39), and ends with 
an account of the Bajah race (vol. iii., p. 33). 

The MS. is described by Sir H. Rawlinson 
as tolerably well written, and more than 
usually correct. It was bought at Baghdad, 
April 5, 1844. 

454. 

Or. 1522. Foil. 99 ; 12iin. by 9 ; 19 lines, 
7^ in. long ; written in large and bold Neskhi, 
with a fair supply of vowels, apparently in 
the 13th century. 

[SiK HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

A portion of the same work, designated as 
the fourth volume, with this heading: 



y-tt yl 



It begins with the reign of 'Abd al-Malik 
B. Marwan, and ends with that of Musa al- 
Hadi. Its contents extend from p. 209 of 
vol. v. of the Paris edition to p. 287 of 
vol. vi. At the end is written : jU ^J 



Copyist : 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



269 



The last page is covered with notes of 
successive owners, or readers, the dates of 
which range from A.H. 760 to 1232. 

On the first page is written : "Purchased by 
me at Baghdad, May 26, 1844. H. Rawlinson." 

455. 

Or. 2773. Foil. 126; 9 in. by 5 ; 15 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in a most elegant Nestalik, 
with a highly-finished 'Unwan, gold headings, 
and blue and gold-ruled margins ; dated end 
of Sha'ban, A.H. 834 (A.D. 1431). Bound in 
ornamental stamped leather covers. 

[COMTE DE GOBINEAU.j 

The well-known historical compendium of 
Hamzah B. al-Hasan al-Isbahfmi, generally 
called pti\ gjU (Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 115). 

Beg. c 



The author gives at the end the close of 
Jumada II., A.H. 350, as the date on which 
the work was completed. He died, according 
to al-Sam'ani, fol. 41a, before A.H. 360. The 
same writer, who calls him Abu 'Abdallah 
Hamzah B. al-Husain al-Mu'addib al-Isba- 
hani, says that he wrote the great history 
of Isfahan and several philological and 
historical works. Ibn Nadim, who calls 
him (Fihrist, p. 139) Hamzah B. al-Hasan, 
ascribes to him the same history and some 
philological treatises, but does not mention 
the present work. Yakut, who frequently 
quotes him, calls him invariably Hamzah 
B. al-Hasan. See vol. i., pp. 26, 292, &c. 

The Arabic text has been edited by J. M. E. 
Gottwaldt, under the title of " Hamzae Ispa- 
hanensis Annalium Libri X.," Petersburg, 
1844 ; and a Latin translation was published 
by him in Leipzig, 1848. The text has also 
been printed in Calcutta, 1866. 



For notices of the author and his works 
see Gottwaldt's preface; S. de Sacy, Me'moires 
de 1'Institut, torn, x., pp. 129; De Slane, Ibn 
Khallikan, vol. i., p. 497, note 2 ; Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 126; and Hammer, 
Literaturgeschichte, vol. v., p. 511. 

His edition of the Divan of Abu Nuwas is 
mentioned by Rosen, Notices Sommaires, 
p. 211, and his Proverbs by Aumer, Munich 
Catalogue, no. 642. 

The present copy was written by Ja'far 
al-Baisunghuri for his patron Biiisunghur 
Mirza (son of Shahrukh), who died A.H. 837. 
The latter's name and titles appear in tho 
following inscription, written on gold ground 
and enclosed in an illuminated circular border 
of high finish : ^IkLJ^ i_*l<J\ lJ1 



The text agrees closely with the printed 
edition. The ten Babs into which the work 
is divided begin respectively as follows : 
I. fol. 5a; II. fol. 336; III. fol. 40*; 
IV. fol. 416; V. fol. 42a; VI. fol. 47a; 
VII. fol. 58a ; VIII. fol. 63a; IX. fol. 73a; 
X. fol. 736. 

The author's name, which is not found in 
the text, appears in the following title, written 
by a later hand : 



456. 

Or. 1496. Foil. 107; 8 in. by 4f ; 14 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in neat Nestalik, with 
'Unwan and gold-ruled margins ; dated 
Shawwal, A.H. 1089 (A.D. 1678). 

[SiE HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

The same work, without author's name. 
The ten Babs begin respectively at foil. 6, 



270 



HISTORY. 



31a, 376, 38a, 386, 43a, 516, 55a, 626, and 
636. 

This copy appears to have been derived, 
either immediately or indirectly, from the 
preceding. It has the same reading, jt*- 

jt-jtf (J instead of Ji^ ^ v*?"' a * * De en< ^ 
of Bab III. ; the same wrong heading, ^W\ 
U*\Q, at the beginning of Bab VI., fol. 
43a ; and it presents blank spaces in those 
passages (v. fol. 51) where the names of Abu 
Bakr and 'Umar have been erased in the 
preceding copy (v. fol. 58) by some Shl'ah 
zealot. 

Copyist: ^obl w y^ ( . r ^ *^ 

On the fly-leaf is a notice of the work by 
Sir Henry Rawlinson, who describes the MS. 
as exceedingly incorrect. He purchased it at 
Baghdad, Jan. 15, 1847. 



457. 

Or. 1495. Foil. 157 ; 11 1 in. by 8; 20 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
Friday, the last day of Safar, A.H. 1254 
(A.D. 1838). 

[SiR HENEY C. RAWLINSON.] 



Chronology of ancient nations by Abu '1- 
Raihan Muhammad B. Ahmad al-Blruni. 

The author was born in Khwarizm, A.H. 
362, and died in Ghaznah on the 2nd of 
Rajab, A.H. 440. The work has been 
edited by Prof. E. Sachau, who gives in his 
preface a full notice of the life and works of 
the author. See " Chronologie Orientalischer 
Volker von Alberuni," Leipzig, 1878, and 
the English version by the same scholar, 
London, 1879. 

The pronunciation of the author's Nisbah, 
al-Biruni, is fixed by al-Sam'ani, who says 



(Add. 23,355, fol. 986, and Add. 7352, fol. 
105a) that the b is to be sounded with Kasrah : 

< *jj* j*-\ A^ u^"J J*-_jU *UM jj&> Jj^V 
This does not exclude the sound e, or Yai 
Majhul, which in writing is expressed by the 
Kasrab, no less than the Yai Ma'ruf; but 
that distinction is confined to Persian words. 
In Arabicized forms the Yai Majhul is, of 
course, inadmissible. 

The above title does not appear in the text ; 
but it is that by which the author refers to the 
present work in the Kanun Mas'udi, Or. 1997, 
fol. 33a. See also the catalogue of his writings, 
Sachau's Einleitung, p. 46. The date of com- 
position has been fixed by the learned editor 
to A.H. 390-1. See ib., p. 24. 

The present MS. is one of the three upon 
which Prof. Sachau based his text. He de- 
scribes it, Einleitung, p. 54, and designates 
it by the letter R. A Taylor MS., now Add. 
23,274, noticed in the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 550A, was transcribed from it a year 
later, viz. A.H. 1255. For other MSS. see 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 2026; the Paris 
Catalogue, no. 1489 ; and Pertsch, no. 1525, a. 

Copyist: <Jj& 



On the last page, fol. 1576, is written : 
"The MS. was copied for me at Teheran 
from a fine and ancient exemplar. Teheran, 
June 20th, 1838. H. Rawlinson." 

The three preceding pages, foil. 156a-157a, 
contain tables drawn up by al-Fadl B. Hatim 
al-Tibrlzi, showing on what day of the week 
and month the Christian and Jewish festivals 
fall in any year of the Era of Alexander, with 

the heading: 



The tables are followed by directions for 
their use. They are no part of al-Blruni's 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



271 



work, but appear to have been found at the 
end of the Teheran MS. 

Two fragments of smaller size are bound 
up at the end of the volume. The first is 
the last page of the first half of the work 
entitled JljiN, jS\j}\ >U*I J JI^M ^ k 
(v. Arabic Catalogue, p. 573a). It is dated 
A.H. 1183. The second is part of a circular 
drawn up by Dr. Sprenger for the Earl of 
Munster, and enumerating Arabic works on 
military science. 

458. 

Or. 3328. Foil. 238 ; 9 in. by 5J ; con- 
sisting of two MSS. of different dates bound 
together. [H. A. STEKN.] 

I. Foil. 1143; 23 lines, 4 in. long; 
written in small and close Neskhi ; dated 
18 Muharram, A.H. 1075 (A.D. 1664). 

The same work. 

The existence of this copy was not known 
until it came into the Museum in July, 1886, 
so that it has not been used by Prof. Sachau 
for his edition. It has evidently been tran- 
scribed from the same old Teheran MS. as 
two previously described copies, Add. 7491 
and Or. 1495 (designated by L and R in 
Sachau's preface), and it presents all the 
lacuna? and transpositions noticed by the 
editor (Einleitung, pp. 54 67). Although 
dating a few years earlier than L, the 
present copy is not so carefully written ; 
but it has over the latter the advantage of 
containing all the tables of the printed 
text. It has, however, several blank spaces, 
apparently reserved for pictures. 

The colophon, fol. 142a, is as follows : 



It may be noticed that the copyists of the 
three MSS. were men of Persian birth. The 
scribe of the present copy designates himself 
as a native of Jarbadakan, a town near Hama- 
dan; and that of Add. 7491 derives his Nisbah 
from Junabid., a town near Naishapur. The 
latter's name appears in the following colo- 
phon, which was not given in the Arabic 

Catalogue: 



At the end of the present copy, foil. 142/; 

1436, is found the additional table of 

Christian and Jewish feast-days, which has 

beeh noticed, no. 457. It occurs also at the 

end of Add. 7491. 

II. Foil. 144237 ; 23 lines, 4J in. long; 
written in fair large Neskhi, apparently in 
the 18th century. 

Detached extracts from the geography of 
al-Kazwmi (JibJl j^T), here called t_ r >\JLi' 
*jk)\i'^n. Intermixed with these are also some 
miscellaneous extracts from other sources, 
such as biographical notices of celebrated 
authors, taken from Ibn Khallikan, from 
the Suluk (fol. 205a), from the Tabakat of 
Taki al-Dm (ib.), from the Tabakat of Khayali 
Zadah 'Ali Chelebi (fol. 2056), etc. There 
are also extracts from the Taisir of 'Umar 
al-Nasafi (fol. 206a), and from the Hayat 
al-Hayawan (fol. 235a), a Turkish Fatwa 
of Abu '1-Su'ud (fol. 156a), and a letter, also 
Turkish, of Ahmad Pasha, Beglerbegi of 
Basrah (fol. 235a). From these last it 
would appear that the compiler was a 
Turk, living probably in the last century. 

459. 

Or. 1493. Foil. 120 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 24 lines, 
4^ in. long, in the centre of the page, with 
7 lines, lOf in. long in the lateral margin, 
and about 13 oblique lines in the upper 



272 



HISTORY. 



and lower margins of each page ; rather 
incorrectly written in an indistinct Neskhi, 
apparently about the beginning of the 17th 
century. 

[SiE HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

A historical compilation, without title or 
author's name. 



Beg. 



o . 



Further on the author describes his work 
as follows : * \-> -.iii 5 ^ \ ,J 




The work appears to have been written 
about the close of the fifth century of the 
Hijrah. Its approximate date may be in- 
ferred from the following facts. Although 
very sparing of quotations, the author refers 
in one place, fol. 5b, to Muhammad B. Jarlr 
(al-Tabari), and in another, fol. 71a, to a 
still later authority, ^ ,J* jAlli\ j\y^l\ i^litf 
^yjjjl i_j^. The Kitab al-Anwiir here 
meant is probably the work of al-Farra al- 
Baghawi, who died A.H. 516 (Haj. Khal., 
vol. i., p. 84). In the same passage the 



author remarks that, since the conquest of 
'Umar, no Christian had ever entered Jeru- 
salem but in fear; from which it. would 
appear that he wrote before the conquest of 
the holy city by the Crusaders, A.H. 492. 

The passage is as follows : AJ 



The MS. contains three parallel texts, 
namely, the history of the Prophets in the 
centre of the page ; the life of Muhammad, 
written in oblique lines on the upper and 
lower margins ; and the history of kings, 
written lengthways in the lateral margins. 

In the history of the Prophets the author 
quotes freely the usual authorities, as Ibn 
'Abbas, Wahb B. Munabbih, Ka'b al-Ahbar, 
and a few of the early commentators. In 
the latter part, after the chapter on 'Isa, the 
following subjects are treated : Ashab al- 
Kahf, fol. 91a; Dul-karnain, fol. 956; the 
two men mentioned in the Goran (xviii., v. 31), 
fol. 996 ; Barslsa al-'Abid, fol. 1006 ; Juraih 
al-Rahib, fol. 1016 ; Saba and its people, 
fol. 1026 ; Jannat San'a, fol. 104o ; Ashab 
al-Ukhdud, fol. 1046; Jirjis al-Nabi, fol. 
1066; Sharasun al-'Abid, fol. 1106; al- 
Tubba', fol. Ilia ; Khalid B. Sinan al-'Absi, 
fol. 1126; Ashab al-Fil, fol. USa. 

At the end of this section, fol. 115, the 
author says that he had written all that 
relates to the history of the Prophet at the 
beginning of the book, with red ink, in the 
margins. 

The life of Muhammad, which occupies, in 
fact, the upper and lower margins from fol. 
2a to 946, ends with an account of some of 
his miracles. The chapter on his campaigns, 
which was to follow, is wanting. 

The history of the kings occupies the 
lateral margins of foil. 2a 1156, and the 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



273 



whole page in foil. 116a 1206. It com- 
prises the following sections : Ancient kings 
of Persia, from their origin to the Muslim 
conquest, fol. 2 ; Kings of the Arabs, viz., 
Himyaris, Lakhmis and Ghassanis, fol. 40 ; 
Muslim chronicle, year by year, from the 
death of Muhammad to A.H. 74, where it 
breaks off, fol. 486. 

According to the author's statement, fol. 
40a, this last section was to comprise the 
Abbasides and contemporary dynasties, down 
to the reign of the Khalif under whom the 
work would be completed : 



b a \ J\, i 



The MS. appears to have been transcribed 
from a copy the first leaf of which was dis- 
figured by holes. Hence at the beginning 
a few short gaps, which have been filled up 
at random by a later hand. The following 
false title, ascribing the work to al-Asma'i, 
has been prefixed by the same hand : 1J* 



& U* 



On the first page is a note by a former 
owner, with the date A.H. 1023. 

On a separate folio at the end is the first 
part of the article of Yakut on Shahrazur, by 
a modern hand. 

460. 

Or. 3004. Foil. 286 ; 9 in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in rather cursive, but 
fairly legible, Neskhi ; dated Rajab, A.H. 
1259 (A.D. 1843). [KBEMEE, no. 1.] 



A volume of the Muntazam, the annals of 
Abu '1-Faraj 'Abd al-Rahmin B. 'Ali Ibn al- 
Jauzi al-Bakri, who died A.H. 597. 

The above title and the author's name are 
found at the end of the year A.H. 247, fol. 
1055, where one of the volumes into which the 
work was originally divided is said to end. 

The MS., which begins abruptly, comprises 
A.H. 228-289 ; but the first year and the 
last are imperfect. The text begins in the 
middle of a notice relating to Abu Tammam, 
who^is said to have died A.H. 228, with the 

following words : ^^ajo U d\j Jlai Ap ^1 
A\ .U3 W 



The subsequent year, A.H. 229, begins, 
fol. 46, as follows : 



The author gives, under every year, first 
the political events, and then obituary notices 
in alphabetical order. The last year, A.H. 
289, begins at fol. 286a, and ends, on the 
next page, with the records of the death of 
al-Mu'tadid, of a violent earthquake, and of 
a shower of shooting stars on the 8th day of 
Ramadan. The next Juz was to begin with 
the reign of al-Muktafi. 

It is stated in the subscription that the 
MS. was transcribed from a copy in the 
Cairo Library, *>^ \K?V. See the 
Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 160. 

The following detached volumes of the 
Muntazam are found in European libraries. 
The first volume in Leyden ; Catalogue, 
vol. ii., p. 146 ; a fragment comprising A.H. 
63164 in Gotha ; see Pertsch, no. 1553 ; 
another, containing A.H. 96136, in the 
Bodleian ; see Uri, no. 779 ; another, A.H. 

N N 



274 



HISTORY. 



297 447, in the Berlin library; see Zeit- 
schrift der D. Morg. G-es., vol. v., p. 279. 
A fragment, A.H. 167216, is in the 
Museum, Arabic Catalogue, p. 170a, 4; and 
others, comprising A.H. 176202, 297300, 
are in the collection of M. Ch. Schefer ; see 
Histoire des Croisades, Introduction, p. 61, 
note. 

461. 

Or. 3685. Foil. 166 ; 7| in. by 5 ; 17 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; appa- 
rently in the 14th century. [BUDGE.] 

A portion of a general history arranged 
by dynasties, imperfect at the beginning. 

This is evidently the work contained in 
the Gotha MS. entitled *ko.>.l\ JjjJl jLx^ 
(hitherto the only known copy), by Jamal 
al-Dm Abu '1-Hasan 'Ali B. Abi '1-Mansur 
Zafir B. al-Husain B. G-hazi al-Halabi al- 
Azdi. See Mb'ller, no. 245, and Pertsch, no. 
1555. The identity is fully established by 
a comparison of extracts from the Gotha 
MS. given by Freytag in his Appendix to 
Lokmani Fabulae, pp. 34 40, which are in 
verbal agreement with the corresponding 
portion of our MS., foil. 25a 29a. The 
same agreement obtains with regard to other 
extracts translated by the same scholar in 
his Geschichte der Hamdaniden, Zeitschrift 
der D. Morg. Ges., Band 10, pp. 432498, 
and by Weil, Geschichte der Chalifen ; see 
vol. ii., p. ix., no. 9, and the notes passim. 

The author, who was born A.H. 567, and 
died A.H. 623, studied law under his father, 
Abu Mansur Zafir, and became a perfect 
master of history. He succeeded his father 
as teacher in the Madrasat al-Malikiyyah, 
Cairo, and was appointed Wazir by al-Malik 
al-Ashraf . He left, besides the present history 
called al-Duwal al-Munkati'ah, the following 
works: Bada'i' al-Bada'ih (v.Makkari, preface, 



p. 14), with a continuation ; Akhbar al-Shuj- 
'an, Akhbar al-Muluk al-Saljukiyyah, Asas 
al-Siyasah, Nafa'is al-Dakhirah (unfinished), 
Kitab al-Tanbihat, and Kitab Man Usiba (a 
history of martyrs, beginning with 'Ali). See 
Fawat al-Wafayat, vol. ii., p. 64, where many 
of the author's verses are quoted. Compare 
Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 239 ; vol. i., p. 265 ; 
vol. ii., p. 26 ; Derenbourg, Escurial, no. 
420, 2 ; "Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 
309; Ibn Khallikan, Wiistenf eld's edition, 
no. 313, p. 150 ; and De Slane's translation, 
vol. iv., p. 567. 

The author's name is found in the present 
copy at the beginning of the history of the 
Fatimide dynasty, fol. 41, as follows : Jl 



A subsequent volume contained a history 
of the Saljuk dynasty, to which the author 
incidentally refers, fol. 69a. 

'Ali B. Zafir is frequently quoted by al- 
Makkari in his Nafh al-Tlb. See vol. ii., 
p. 167, and the Index underylk. 

The contents of the volume nearly coin- 
cide with those of the Gotha MS. A quire 
of ten leaves is wanting at the beginning. 
The text commences abruptly in the early 
part of the history of Saif al-Daulah with 
an anecdote relating to one of the panegy- 
rists of that prince. The first event recorded 
is the expedition of Saif-al Daulah against 
the castle of Dadim and Hisn Ziyad, and 
his victory over' the Domesticos, A.H. 326 
(see Freytag, Geschichte der Hamdaniden, 
p. 465). 

The next following sections relate to three 
princes of the same line, viz., 'Uddat al- 
Daulah al-Ghadanfar Abu Taghlib B. Nasir 
al-Daulah, fol. 116 ; Sa'd al-Daulah Abu '1- 
Ma'ali Sharif B. Saif al-Daulah, fol. 16a; 
and Abu'l-Fada'il B. Sharif, fol. 22a. 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



275 



The following dynasties occupy the rest 
of the volume : 



JUi-b Ls 



Fol. 25. 
Fol. 29. 
Fol. 34. 
Fol. 41a. 
Fol. 94a. 
Foil. 976 166a. 



There is in the last section a considerable 
lacuna after fol. 110. The latter part of the 
account of al-Mansur, the reigns of al-Mahdi 
and al-Hadi, and the beginning of that of 
al-Rashid, are lost. The history of the 
Abbasides concludes with the accession of 
al-Nasir, A.H. 575, of whom it is only said 
that he made vast conquests, and that the 
whole world submitted to his sway : ii-lj 



From this it would appear that the author 
was writing before the invasion of Chingiz- 
khan. 

The date of transcription is imperfect, the 
leaf being torn, and what remains of it is 

hardly legible : 



\as- 



462. 

Or. 1515. Foil. 355 ; 11| in. by 8J ; 27 lines, 
4f in. long; written in small and neat Neskhi, 
apparently in the 17th century. 

[Sm HENET C. RAWLINSON.] 



The first volume of the Kamil, by 'Izz al- 



Din 'Ali B. Muhammad al-Jazari, called Ibn 
al-Athir, who died A.H. 630. 

It extends from the beginning of the work 
to the end of A.H. 69. The contents corre- 
spond with voll. i. iii. of Tornberg's edition 
and the first 251 pages of vol. iv. 

There are two lacunae, apparently due to 
the loss of some leaves in the MS. from 
which this copy was transcribed. The first 
occurs on fol. 92a, and extends from vol. i., 
p. 421, line 22, to p. 426, line 15 ; the second 
at fol. 1056, corresponding with p. 493, line 
15 p. 495, line 8, of the same volume. 

At the end is a seal bearing the name 
(.jUN jk *+*, with the date A.H. 1104. It 
is probably the seal of the Shaikh al-Islam 
Muh. Bakir Majlisi, who died A.H. 1110. 

On the first page is written : " A good 
copy, neatly and correctly written, purchased 
by me at Baghdad, Feb. 18, 1846. H. Raw- 

linson." 

463. 



Or. 1516. Foil. 396; 11$ in. by 7f ; 23 lines, 
4| in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, A.D. 
1845. [SiR HENEI C. RAWLINSON.] 

The first volume of the same work, ending 
with the death of 'Uthman (Tornberg's 
edition, vol. iii., p. 153). 

On the fly-leaf : " Copied from a fine and 
old MS. in 1845." 

464. 



Or. 1517. Foil. 452 ; 10 in. by 7J- ; 25 lines, 
4% in. long; written in neat Neskhi, A.H. 
1261 (A.D. 1845). 

[SiB HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

Continuation of the above from the acces- 
sion of 'Ali to the end of A.H. 199 (Torn- 
berg's edition, vol. iii., p. 153 vol. iv.,p.217). 

NN2 



276 



HISTORY. 



On the fly-leaf: " Copied for me at Baghdad, 
1845, from a very fine MS. in the possession of 
Col. Taylor. H. Rawlinson." 

The Taylor MS. referred to, Add. 23,295, 
is described in the Arabic Catalogue, p. 554a. 

465. 

Or. 4215. Foil. 245; 10 in. by 6 ; 31 
lines, 4J in. long ; written in fair small 
Neskhi, apparently in the 15th century. 

[LANE.] 



The first volume of the great historical 
work of Abu '1-Muzaffar Yusuf B. Kizughli 
(daughter's son of Ibn al-Jauzi), who died 
A.H. 654. 




After mentioning the various subjects 
which may attract men curious of the 
records of the past, the author describes 

his work as follows : j>.j ^ JU3 

U, 



/i U? or^\ ^^ als/y J^i Jk>. 

^llj 0\J*~J\ jU. y* t-W^ 

} -$ Ob^l j 

(j iiA 
o^! 



_j 



There is a lacuna after fol. 2, and some 
inversion of the original order in the next 
following leaves. The work began with five 
preliminary chapters relating mostly to eras 
and chronology. The fifth contained a table 
of chapters. All five, however, are lost, with 
the exception of the beginning of the first. 

Fol. 3 begins abruptly with the latter part 
of an account of the Nile, followed by an 
article on the Euphrates, 



The following are the principal subjects 
contained in this volume : Rivers, fol. 3a ; 
wonders of the world, t_>*Usf"' ^ UiJl ,j U^j, 
fol. 56 ; the earth and its inhabitants, fol. 
86 ; hell, fol. 96 ; creation of the Jinns and 
Iblis, fol. I0a; creation of heaven, of the 
zodiac, the planets, the mansions of the 
moon, the stars, the Throne, and the Angels, 
fol. 126. Adam (beginning lost), fol. 28a; 
Shith and his descendants, fol. 356 ; Idris, 
fol. 37a; Harut and Marut, fol. 386; Tah- 
murath, fol. 41a ; Null and his descendants, 
fol. 416 ; Dahhak and Farldun, fol. 48a ; 
Hud and the 'Adites, fol. 496; Salih, fol. 
536; Ibrahim, fol. 55a ; Isma'Il, fol. 716; 
Ishak, fol. 736; Ya'kub, fol. 74a; Liit, 
fol. 746 ; Du '1-karnain, fol. 77a ; Yusuf, 
fol. 86a; Ayyub, fol. 986; Shu'aib, fol. 
1026; Musa, fol. 1046; Bal'am, fol. 121a; 
Karun, fol. 1226 ; Yiisha', fol. 123a ; Khidr, 
fol. 124a; Ilyas, fol. 125a ; Illsa', fol. 
127a; Ashmu'il, fol. 1276; Da'ud, fol. 
1306; Lukman, fol. 134&; Sulaiman, fol. 
135a; Bakht-Nasar, fol. 146a; Daniyal, 
fol. 149a; Zakariyya and Yahya, fol. 152a; 
Maryam and 'Isa, fol. 155a. Number of the 
Prophets and their order, fol. 1636. Ancient 
nations, viz., Indians, fol. 1656 ; Chinese, 
fol. 168a ; Syrians and Chaldees, fol. 169a ; 
Persians, fol. 170a ; Iskandar, fol. 1746 ; 
Greeks and their sages, fol. 1806; Banu'l- 
Asfar,fol. 183a; Muluk al-Tawa'if, fol. 1846; 
Sassanides, fol. 185a. Arabia : tribes and 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



277 



poets of the Arabs, fol. 194a ; kings of Hirah, 
fol. 198a ; kings of Yemen, fol. 2066 ; Grhas- 
sanides, fol. 211a ; Abyssinians, fol. 2126; 
Ashab al-Fil, fol. 215a; 'Abdallah B. al- 
Samir, fol. 21 7 b. Battles of the Arabs, fol. 
218a; their proverbs, fol. 2266; their races 
and their creeds, fol. 239a. 

On the last leaf is the beginning of the 
history of Muhammad, <j)J\ ( J^> liuuj 



Copies of the first volume, or parts of it, 
are noticed by Casiri, no. 1639, and in the 
Leyden Catalogue, no. 756. For MSS. of 
other portions of the work, and for notices 
of the author, see the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 145a, 5546; Pertsch, no. 1556 ; Aumer, 
no. 937; "Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, 
no. 340 ; Historiens des Croisades, Introduc- 
tion, p. 64, vol. iii., p. 513 ; Abu Shamah, 
Or. 1539, fol. 103 ; and Histoire des Sultans 
Mamlouks, vol. i., p. 64. 

A contemporary inscription on the first 
page of the MS. states that it belonged to 
Ibrahim B. al-Shaikh Nasir B. 'Ali B. al-Kutb 
Shaikh 'Izz al-Dm al-Rifa'i al-Talawi. 



466. 

Or. 1510. Foil. 271 ; 1\ in. by 5 ; partly 
(foil. 297) 17 lines, 3 in. long, partly 
(foil. 98271) 19 lines, 4 in. long ; written 
in a small, rather cursive, but distinct and 
scholarlike hand, probably in the 15th 
century. 

[SiR HENRY C. RAWHNSON.] 

Two detached and imperfect volumes of 
an historical work, without title or author's 
name. 

The first, which contains a full account of 
Creation and of the prophets anterior to 
Muhammad, begins abruptly with the follow- 



ing words: 



U, JU3 



The above passage is part of a chapter 
treating of the first things created. After 
this come several short sections, with the 
heading J^J, treating of the heavenly 
"Tablet," ^o*M p\, of the six days of 
creation, of the day on which creation began, 
of the creation of day and night, of the first 
thing created, etc. ; lastly, a description of 
Paradise, and some Hadiths relating to the 
life of the blessed. 

The history of the Prophets begins, fol. 
10a, with Adam. The subjects of the sub- 
sequent sections are as follows : Shith and 
his descendants, fol. 23a ; Idrls, fol. 246 ; 
Harut and Miirut, fol. 26a ; Nuh, fol. 276; 
his sons, fol. 30a. Events of the period 
elapsed between Nuh and Ibrahim, viz., the 
story of Uahhak and Feridun, fol. 31a ; Hud 
and the Adites, fol. 326 ; Shaddad B. 'Ad, 
fol. 34a ; Salih, fol. 36a ; Ibrahim, fol. 386 ; 
Isma'Il, fol. 556 ; Lut, fol. 56a ; Du '1-karnain, 
fol. 586; Yusuf, fol! 646; Ayyub, fol. 88a; 
Shu'aib, fol. 926 ; Musa, fol. 95a ; Bal'am, 
fol. 1196; Karun, fol. 1206; Kalib B. 
Yufanna, fol. 122a ; Hizkll, ib. ; Al-Khidr, 
fol. 1226; Ilyas, fol. 123a; Da'ud, fol. 127a; 
Lukman, fol. 1326 ; Sulaiman, fol. 134a ; 
Zakariyya and Yahya, fol. 146a; Maryam 
and 'Isa, fol. 149a ; Bukhfc-nassar, fol. 153a ; 
Yunus, fol. 162a. Some holy men who 
lived in the period between 'Isa and Mu- 
hammad, fol. 164a. 

The last section, relating to Ashab al-Kahf 
wal-Rakim, ends abruptly, fol. 1656. 

The second volume, foil. 166 271, which 
is also imperfect at the beginning, contains a 



278 



HISTORY. 



full and minute history of Muhammad. The 
first section, fol. 166a, relates to the four- 
teenth year of his life, and begins as follows : 



The subsequent sections have headings 
indicating the years of the Prophet's life, 
from the fifteenth to the forty-first. After 
the beginning of revelation ^U* Jj J-aJ 
o-jM, fol. 169a, the headings refer to the 
years as counted from the prophetic mission 
down to the tenth. The last section, fol. 
1775, deals with the Mi'raj, _^l\ e^o^^i 

The remainder of the volume deals with 
the Hijrah and subsequent years, as follows : 
Hijrah, fol. 1786 ; second year, fol. 1846 ; 
third year, fol. 198a ; fourth year, fol. 2046 ; 
fifth year, fol. 2056; sixth year, fol. 2066; 
seventh year, fol. 213a ; eighth year, fol. 
2156 ; ninth year, fol. 2236 ; tenth year, 
fol. 2346. 

The account of the death and burial of 
Muhammad is followed by short sections 
relating to his personal appearance, fol. 251a ; 
his mental qualities, fol. 252a ; his miracles, 
fol. 2556 ; his expeditions, weapons, horses, 
etc., his companions and his wives, fol. 2676. 
The last sections, foil. 269a 271 a, contain 
traditions relating to the invocation of 
blessings upon the Prophet, to the tank 
destined for him in Paradise, to his interces- 
sion for the faithful, to his being the last of 
Prophets, to the number of his transmitted 
sayings, and to the promises made to 
countries in which any of his companions 
would die. 

The last words of the present MS. are : 



b ^j 



The author's reference, fol. 61J, to his 
grandfather's work, al-Muntazam, shows 
that we have here a portion of the history 
mentioned under the preceding no. ; and, in 
fact, the part which relates to the prophets, 
foil. 19 153, shows, to some extent, verbal 
agreement with the corresponding portion of 
Or. 4215, foil. 29163. But the text of the 
present MS. is considerably abridged by 
omissions, and some sections have been 
transposed. 

On the last page are entered by a former 
owner, Ahmad B. Yunus al-Zahiri, notices 
relating to the birth of his children, with 
dates ranging from A.H. 832 to 849. 

On the upper edge of the MS. is written 
the following misleading title : 



.\. Abu 

Ahmad al-Hasan B. 'Abdallah B. Sa'id al- 
'Askari, to whom the work is here ascribed, 
died A.H. 382. See Ibn Khallikan, De 
Slane's version, vol. i., p. 382. 

On the fly-leaf is a short notice of the 
work by Sir Henry Eawlinson, who pur- 
chased the MS. at Baghdad, Nov. 15, 1847. 



467. 

Or. 4016. Foil. 53 ; 10Jin.by6f; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 15th century. 

[GLASEB, no. 314.] 

Detached fragments, without title or 
author's name. 

The first rubric is : 



The writer's occasional references to his 
grandfather as the author of the Muntazam, 
and comparison with the preceding MS., 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



279 



show that these fragments are parts of the 
first volume of the Mir'at al-Zaman. In the 
absence of a complete copy, it is not easy to 
determine their exact sequence. They have 
been apparently transcribed from a MS. the 
leaves of which had been transposed. 

The subjects of the fragments are as 
follows : 

Foil. 19, 612, 52, 53. Mountains, in 
alphabetical order, hills, deserts, and seas. 

Foil. 1 18. Springs and rivers. 

Foil. 21, 26 35, 48 50. The seven climes ; 
Babylon ; wonders of Syria, Egypt, and the 
Maghrib. The elements, earth and fire. 
The Jinns and Iblls. 

Foil. 36 44. Age of the world. Creation. 
The beginnings of things, JJ^tsll Years 
and months of the Arabs. 

Foil. 2225, 20, 47. Idrls and Nuh. 



468. 

Or. 1540. Foil. 247 ; 8| in. by 5J ; 21 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in small and neat Neskhi ; 
dated 15 Du'1-Ka'dah, A.H. 1089 (A.D. 
1678). [Sm HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 



The last portion of the great historical 
work of Shams al-Dm Muhammad B. Ahmad 
al-Dahabi, who died A.H. 748, comprising 
A.H. 681700. 

The title and the date of completion, 
Jumada II., A.H. 714, are found in the 

author's conclusion, fol. 134a : U j-T \Jjj 

y- &ajJ J 
JlS . . . 



The arrangement is precisely similar to 
that of the six volumes of the same work 
described in the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 
738740. The volume begins with the 
obituary notices of the 69th Tabakah, or 
generation, comprising men who died A.H. 
681690, foil. 1109. The notices are 
arranged under each of those ten years in 
the alphabetical order of ihe proper names. 
The first page, which is partly torn, begins : 



Then comes a chronicle of political events 
for the subsequent period of ten years, A.H. 
691700, foil. 110134. Lastly, obituary 
notices for the same period, designated as 
the seventieth Tabakah, foil. 134J 247. 

The first part of the MS., foil. 1 lOla, 
has the same contents as Or. 53, described in 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 740a. 

On the first page is a notice of the MS., 
concluding as follows : " A neat and correct 
copy, purchased by me at Baghdad, April 20, 
1846. H. Rawlinson." 

For other copies see Uri, no. 654 ; the 
Leyden Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 148 ; Copen- 
hagen Catalogue, no. 133 ; Pertsch, Gotha 
Catalogue, no. 1563 ; Aumer, Munich Cata- 
logue, no. 378 ; Wiistenfeld, Geschicht- 
schreiber, no. 410; De Slane, Paris Cata- 
logue, uos. 1580 2 ; Landberg, no. 1 ; the 
Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 21 ; and Zeit- 
schrift, der D. Morg. Ges., Band 40, p. 310. 
Compare also Histoire des Croisades, Preface, 
p. 47, and Tiesenhausen, Recueil, vol. i., 
p. 310. 



280 



HISTORY. 



The author's works are enumerated in 
Fawat al-Wafayat, vol. ii., p. 228, and in al- 
Durar al-Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 54. 



469. 

Or. 4581. Foil. 197 ; 10 in. by 7 ; 22 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair, but imperfectly 
pointed, Neskhi ; dated Ramadan, A.H. 724 
(A.D. 1324). 

A general chronicle, abridged from the 
Kamil of Ibn al-Athir, with a special history 
of Yemen from -the time of Muhammad to 
A.H. 714, the date of composition. 

The MS., which is imperfect at the be- 
ginning, has been endorsed by a later hand, 

\>^^\ -j2>. The author's name, although 

J * -> 

not explicitly stated, is found incidentally 
given under A.H. 696, fol. 192ft, where he 
records the birth of his son 'Izz al-Dm 
Muhammad B. Idris B. 'All. There is also 
frequent mention of his father, al-Sayyid 
Jamal al-Dm 'Ali B. 'Abdallah B. al-Hasan 
B. Hamzah, who played a prominent part in 
military transactions under three Rasuli 
Sultans, al-Malik al-Muzaffar, al-Ashraf, 
and al-Mu'ayyad, and whose death is re- 
corded, fol. 193a, under A.H. 699. 

The above endorsement proves to be 
correct. The full title of the work is u->lJ^ 

AJ*-^J t~>\ sf* (jj^-^- It i g found in the 
author's life as contained in the Tiraz A'yan 
al-Zaman, fol. 191, where he is called al- 
Amir al-Kabir al-Sharif Abu Muh. Idris B. 
'Ali B. 'Abdallah B. Sulaiman, etc., 'Imad 
al-Dm. He was a descendant of Imam Abu 
Hashim al-Hasan (d. A.H. 433), through 
whom his genealogy is traced up to al-Hasan 
B. 'Ali B. Abi Talib. After his father's 
death he was received with honour by Malik 
al-Mu'ayyad, who conferred upon him his 



father's command, and gave him in fief the 
town of al-Kahmah, and afterwards that of 
Lahj (Yakut, vol. iv., pp. 38, 352). By 
successful raids he brought the tribe of al- 
Jahafil to submission, and died on the 20th 
of RabI' II., A.H. 714. He left, besides the 
present history, a work entitled Jj J^~^ <&& 
^yJ\ d# JJUoi. His Kanz al-Akhyar is 
mentioned by Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 246, as 
one of the sources of al-Khazraji. See also 
H. C. Kay's Yaman, Introduction, p. xvi. 

From the author's references to previous 
or subsequent portions of his work, it appears 
that it consisted of three parts termed Babs. 
The first contained a history of the Imams 
recognized by the Zaidis. The second is 
partly represented by the present volume. 
The third was to treat in its seventh chapter 
of the ancient history of Yemen. 

The main part of the present MS., foil. 
1 170, is taken up by the latter portion of 
the chronicle abridged from al-Kamil, with a 
few additions by the author. It begins 

abruptly with A.H. 292 : 



***" 



J-iM (Kamil, vol. vii., p. 369), 
and concludes, like the original work, with 
A.H. 618. 

This is followed by a short summary of 
subsequent events down to A.H. 713, under 
two heads, namely, 1. Irak, fol. 170a, and 
2. Egypt and Syria, fol. 171. 

The history of Yemen, which occupies the 
latter part of the volume, foil. 1716 197, 
is written in a small and cursive hand, much 
closer than the preceding, having from 30 to 
37 lines in a page. It begins as follows : 

lc J 

U* 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



281 



U ji'jj Jj y^jJb *$i 



IJJ y 

There are first two preliminary chapters 
upon the origin of San'a, and on the building 
of its mosque. The history proper begins, 
fol. 172, with the governors of Yemen at 
the time of Muhammad's death, and is carried 
on for the first five centuries without any 
division. Further on are found the following 
headings : 

'Ali B. Mahdi, ^^ ^ 
fol. 1866. 

The Ghuz, or Ayyubites, 



The Rasuli Dynasty, 
fol. 1876. 



Reign of al-Muzaffar, ^ilaU 3j^l, fol. 188a. 

The latter portion, from A.H. 670, at 
which date the author's father appears on 
the scene, fol. 190a, to the end, has all the 
value of a contemporary record written by 
a man who had been, as well as his father, 
not only a witness of, but one of the main 
actors in, the events he relates. Dates are 
copiously inserted, and, from A.H. 696, 
fol. 1925, to the end, the events are fully 
chronicled year by year. The last entry 
relates to the 24th of Safar, A.H. 714. The 
work concludes as follows : Uo$IJ\ 



J\ yU 



.j.j 




470. 



Or. 3006. Foil. 291 ; 7$ in. by 5 ; 19 lines, 
3f- in. long ; written in a cursive and scholar- 
like hand, in the first half of the 15th 
century. [KEEMEB, no. 3.] 



An abstract of the chronicle of al-Dahabi, 
entitled j*s- ^ ^*i- j^Jl, by Abu Bakr B. 
Ahmad B. Kadi Shuhbah, who died A.H. 851. 

This valuable MS. is in the handwriting 
of Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, already well known to 
us from autograph notes in a copy of his 
Tabakat al-Fukaha (see the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 178 and 7716). It is a scholar's hand- 
writing, hastily formed, and almost entirely 
destitute of diacritical points. The text is 
scarcely distinguishable from the original 
work of al-Dahabi, the first volume of which 
has 'been described in the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 559a. It only differs from it by trifling 
omissions. 

The title and the abbreviator's name are 
found in the following inscription at the 
beginning of the second of the three parts 
(Juz) contained in the MS. : ^ 



The first two leaves of the first quire are 
lost. They have been replaced by a spurious 
beginning in a late handwriting. The 
original text begins, fol. 4a, in the middle 
of a passage relating to the battle of Badr, 
A.H. 2, with the following words : 



After fol. 12 there is a gap due to the loss 
of an entire quire, and extending from A.H. 
38 to A.H. 84. The first Juz ends with 
A.H. 200, fol. 686. The second Juz, begin- 
ning fol. 706, comprises A.H. 201 400. 
The third Juz, beginning fol. 1906, comprises 
A.H. 401554. 

The contents of the MS. correspond with 
the first volume of the 'Ibar, as stated in the 

subscription : ^ Jj^)\ 







282 



HISTOEY. 



There are some marginal additions, partly 
by Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, partly by a later 
hand. 

The original work, completed byal-Dahabi, 
A.H. 715, concluded originally with A.H. 700. 
It was subsequently brought down by the 
author to A.H. 740, as stated by Haj. Khal., 
vol. iv., p. 182. Copies of the first edition 
are described in the Vienna Catalogue, 
vol. ii., p. 40, and in the Paris Catalogue, 
nos. 1584-85. A MS. of the second recen- 
sion is noticed in the Bodleian Catalogue 
under the wrong title p>.j\j3\ j, tjjA vol. i., 
p. 148, vol. ii., p. 590. The same MS. con- 
tains a further continuation from A.H. 
741 to 764, by Abu '1-Mahasin Muh. B. 'Ali 
B. al-Hasan al-Husaini, who died A.H. 765 
(Durar al-Kaminah, fol. 94a). A Gotha MS. 
described by Pertsch, no. 1566, contains a 
later recension of the 'Ibar and of the above 
continuation, by Ibn al-Shamma', who died 
A.H. 936. 

471. 

Or. 1558. Foil. 123 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 23 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in rather small Neskhi ; 
dated 27 Safar, A.H. 1007 (A.D. 1598). 

[SiE HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

An abridged Muslim chronicle, brought 
down to A.H. 744. 

It is imperfect at the beginning, and has 
neither title nor author's name. The first 
lines relate to the tragical end of 'Uthman, 
A.H. 35, and begin as follows : j*3\ +y Jlj 

Jui^ Juo> $ \J* 1jJ\3 u \ Jl 
JUJ 



It is in all probability the abridgment 
made by al-Dahabi of his own large history, 
Ta'rlkh al-Islam, and entitled by him Duwal 



al-Islam (Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 239), two 
copies of which are noticed in the Leyden 
Catalogue, vol. ii., nos. 763, 764. See also 
the Vienna Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 39 ; Rosen, 
Notices Sommaires, no. 165 ; and the Khe- 
dive's Library, vol. v., p. 56. 

The present text differs from al-Dahabi's 
other compendium, al-'Ibar, inasmuch as it 
gives more space to political events, and less 
to obituary notices. The latter are fewer in 
number, and mostly confined to bare names. 

The work was evidently written in Damas- 
cus (to which, in the latter period, constant 
reference is made), and during the reign of 
al-Malik al-Nasir Muh. B. Kala'un (A.H. 
693 741), who is frequently spoken of as 
the reigning sovereign. It was, however, 
subsequently brought down to A.H. 744. 
The last event mentioned is the execution 
at Damascus, in Jumada II. of that year, of 
Ibrahim B. Yusuf B. Abi Bakr, Jl~4\, a 
Rafidi, who was sentenced to death for 
abusing the " Companions " and slandering 
'A'ishah. See Orientalia, vol. ii., p. 381. 
It may be noticed that the author designates 
as his Shaikh, Jamal al-Din al-Mizzi, who 
was in fact one of al-Dahabi's masters. 

There are two gaps, due to the loss of a 
few leaves, in the MS. The first occurs 
after fol. 6, and extends from the beginning 
of the reign of 'Abd al-Malik B. Marwan 
(A.H. 65) to A.H. 113. The second occurs 
after fol. 117, and extends from A.H. 699 
to 725. 



Copyist : 



472. 



Or. 3005. Foil. 177 ; 8f in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in cursive, but distinct, 
Neskhi, apparently in the 14th century. 

[KEBMEE, no. 2.] 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



283 



The thirteenth volume of the 'Uyun al- 
Tawarlkh, a chronicle by Muhammad B. 
Shakir B. Ahmad al-Kutubi al-Shafi'i, with 
the following title : 



\s 



O 



Beg. / 



Salah al-Dm Muh. B. Shakir B. Ahmad al- 
Mu'arrikh al-Kutubi al-Darani al-Dimashki, 
a native of Darayya settled in Damascus, 
was a pupil of Ibn al-Sbihnah (Ahmad B. 
Abi Talib, d. A.H. 730 ; v. Durar, fol. 26), 
and of al-Mizzi (d. A.H. 742). He acquired 
considerable wealth in the book trade, and 
died in Ramadan, A.H. 764. See al-Durar 
al-Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 755. Ibn Kadi 
Shuhbah, who agrees with the above with 
regard to name and date, adds that the 
autograph MS. of the 'Uyun al-Tawarikh 
consisted of twenty-four volumes, and that 
the historical part was mainly transcribed 
from Ibn Kathlr (d. A.H. 774), and the 
biographies from al-Safadi (d. A.H. 764). 
See Or. 23,290, fol. 48a. Ibn Shakir wrote 
also a supplement to Ibn Khallikan, entitled 
Fawat al-Wafayat, which has been printed 
in Cairo, A.H. 1283. (Compare "Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 422.) 

Other volumes of the 'Uyun al-Tawarlkh 
are noticed by Dr. John Lee, nos. 72, 72a, 
726 ; by Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, no. 1567 ; 



and by De 

1586-88. 



Slane, Paris Catalogue, nos. 



The present volume comprises A.H. 404 
437. Under each year the political events are 
first briefly sketched ; then come the obituary 
notices, which occupy by far the greater 
part of the space, and are swollen by exten- 
sive poetical quotations. Both parts contain 
considerable extracts from the Ta'rlkh al- 
Islam of al-Dahabi. At the end is written : 



In the same place are the following 
marginal notes, the first of which is dated 
A.H. 810, by two scholars, who had read 

and excerpted the work : 



To the latter, Ibn Kadi Shuhbah, are also 
due some autograph annotations in the 
margins of foil. 196, 866, 1676. 

473. 

Or. 1511. Foil. 412 ; 13 in. by 9 ; 31 lines, 
5f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 16th century. 

[SiK HENKY C. RAWLINSON.] 



A chronicle of Islamism from A.H. 1 
to 750, by Abu Muh. 'Abdallah B. As'ad B. 
'All, Nazil al-Haramain, al-Yamani, called 
al-Yafi'i. 



Beg. 



Jl j 



o o 2 



284 



HISTORY. 



The author, who was called al-Yafi'i from 
Yafi', the name of a Himyarite tribe in 
Yemen, and was surnamed 'Aflf al-DTn, was 
born two or three years before A.H. 700. 
He grew up in 'Aden, and attached himself 
to a religious teacher, Shaikh 'AH B. 'Abd- 
allah al-Tawashi (d. A.H. 748 ; see fol. 400), 
who invested him with the Khirkah of the 
Sufis. Having settled in Mecca, A.H. 718, 
he studied law under Najm al-Din (Muh. B. 
Muh.) al-Tabari (who died A.H. 730 ; v. al- 
Isnawi, fol. 1086). He subsequently visited 
Syria and Egypt, and, returning to the Hijaz, 
spent the rest of his life between Mecca and 
Medina. He died in the former place on the 
20th of Jumada II., A.H. 768. See his 
contemporary, al-Isnawi, who devotes to him 
a long notice, the last of his Tabakat, Or. 
3037, fol. 173i. It has been reproduced 
with additions by Ibn al-Ahdal, Or. 1345, 
fol. 233. (Compare Ibn Hajar, al-Durar al- 
Kaminah, Or. 3043, fol. 1485, and Wiisten- 
feld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 429.) 

The annals of al-Yafi'i are chiefly founded 
on the Ta'rikh al-Islam of al-Dahabi, and on 
the Wafayat of Ibn Khallikan, with additions 
relating to the 'Ulama of Yemen, from 
Ta'rikh Ibn Samurrah. They consist mainly 
of obituary notices, which are pointed out, in 
the present copy, by leading names written 
with red ink in the margins. At the end of 
A.H. 740, fol. 3986, the author remarks: 
" Thus far the history of al-Dahabi ; and a 
few years later, viz. A.H. 760, comes also to 
an end Ibn Khallikan, both of whom I have 
followed in this history of mine. I shall now 
mention some of the great men who died in 
the ten subsequent years, gathering their 
records from some recent writers." 

The first nine and the last seven folios 
have been supplied by a modern hand. 

A notice of the work, written on the fly- 
leaf, ends with these words : " It certainly 



is not deserving of much estimation. Pur- 
chased by me at Baghdad, Feb. 8, 1847. 
H. Rawlinson." 

For other copies, see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 4266 ; the Vienna Catalogue, vol. ii., 
p. 43 ; Loth, nos. 706-7 ; the Paris Cata- 
logue, nos. 1589-91 ; and Houtsma, Brill's 
Catalogue, no. 174. 

474. 

STOWE, Or. 8. Foil. 224; 11 in. by 7; 23 
lines, 5 in. long ; written at Damascus, in 
large and elegant Neskhi ; dated 4 Shawwal, 
A.H. 836 (A.D. 1433). 



A detached volume of the chronicle of 
Ibn Kathlr, with the following title : 



'Imad al-Dm Isma'il B. 'Umar B. Kathir 
al-Kaisi al-Busrawi, was born A.H. 700. 
Having lost his father in infancy, he was 
brought, A.H. 706, to Damascus. There he 
applied himself to the study of sacred tradi- 
tion, and became the disciple of al-Mizzi, and 
of Ibn Taimiyyah. He wrote, besides his 
great chronicle, lives of the Shafi'ites, c^liul 
wuellM, and died in Damascus on the 15th 
of Sha'ban, A.H. 774. (See Ibn Hajar, Inba 
al-Ghumr, fol. 7a ; al-Durar al-Kaminah, 
Or. 3043, fol. 70a ; and Wiistenfeld, Ge- 
schichtschreiber, no. 434.) 

The present volume is designated in the 
colophon as the third, c^JllM #jAi J, but the 
numeral has been altered to *?\j\, probably 
by the same hand to which the title above 
given is due. It is entirely taken up with 
the history of Muhammad, and extends from 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



285 



the latter part of the third year of the Hijrah 
to the middle of the ninth. It begins with 
traditions relating to the wounds received by 
Muhammad at the battle of Ohod, as follows : 



It partly fills up the blank left in the 
Vienna copy, described in full by Hammer, 
Handschriften, no. 160, and more summarily 
by Fliigel, Vienna Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 44, 
which wants the second of the seven volumes 
of which it originally consisted. The latter 
part of our MS., beginning with the conquest 
of Mecca, foil. 129 224, coincides with the 
first part of the third volume of the Vienna 
MS., and contains the sections stated by 
Hammer, I.e., p. 181, from no. 1 to no. 35. 
The last section relates to the deputation 
sent to the Prophet by the princes of Himyar, 
and begins, fol. 2235, as follows : ^\ JIS 



uJj S.AS- alM 

This part of Ibn Kathlr's work, being a 
copious and careful compilation of early 
authorities textually quoted, deserves to 
rank as an important source for the history 
of Muhammad. 



Copyist: 



A set of three volumes preserved in the 
Munich Library (see Aumer, nos. 953-55) 
contains the latter part of the work, from 
A.H. 64 to A.H. 767, with which it concludes. 
For other copies, see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 143ft ; Landberg, no. 2 ; Houtsma, Brill's 
Catalogue, no. 175 ; Sprenger, nos. 60, 61 ; 
Mission Scientifique en Tunisie, no. 66 ; 
Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, no. 1568; and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 19. 



For notices and extracts, see Haj. Khal., 
vol. ii.,p. 24; Historiens des Croisades, preface, 
p. 62; and Tiesenhausen,Recueil,pp. 272-77. 

475. 

Or. 3266. Foil. 70 ; 10 in. by 7; 17 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Maghribi cha- 
racter, apparently in the 17th century. The 
MS. has been subsequently interleaved, and 
consists now of 140 leaves, a part only of the 
inserted leaves being written upon. 



A versified compendium of Muslim history, 
with special reference to Africa and Spain, 
written in the Rajaz metre, by Abu 'Abdallah 
Muhammad B. 'Abdallah B. al-Khatib al- 
Salmani ; with a prose commentary by the 
the author. 



Beg. 



J\5 



The author, better known as Lisan al-Din 
Ibn al-Khatib, the celebrated writer, and 
Wazir of the kings of Granada, was born in 
that city A.H. 713, and was put to death 
there A.H. 776. Al-Makkari has devoted the 
second half of his Nafh al-Tib, Bulak edition, 
voll. iii. and iv., to an exhaustive account of 
his life and writings, of his masters and con- 
temporaries. 

The author's autobiography, with which he 
concluded his history of Granada, al-Ihiitah, 
is given in a condensed form, with an addi- 
tion due to his friend Ibn Khaldun, by Ibn 
Hajar, al-Durar al-Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 
79. The same notice has been published by 



286 



HISTORY. 



Dozy, Historia Abbadidarum, vol ii., pp. 156 
168. See also Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 17a; 
Casiri, vol. ii., p. 71 ; Gayangos, Mohamme- 
dan Dynasties, vol. i., p. 306 ; and Wusten- 
feld, Geschicbtschreiber, no. 439. 

The present poem is mentioned by the 
author, in his autobiography, among his 
Urjuzahs, or versified treatises. See al- 
Makkari, Bulak edition, vol. iv., p. 653 ; and 
Historia Abbadidarum, vol. ii., p. 167. It 
is not to be confounded with another com- 
position, of similar name and kindred subject, 
mentioned in the same passage under the 
title of iykiU jJJI j, i*j}.\ ,jUi. Of the 
latter, two copies are described, with copious 
extracts, by Casiri, vol. ii., pp. 177 319. 
The former is noticed by Haj. Khal., vol. 
iii., p. 477. 

The poem is divided into twelve sections, 
not numbered, dealing with as many dynas- 
ties. Each of these sections is followed by 
the author's own commentary, in which 
single passages of the poem are introduced 
by the word )y, and are explained and 
supplemented by more precise and circum- 
stantial statements in prose. 

Contents: Muhammad andthe early Khalifs, 
down to the resignation of al-Hasan, fol. 76 ; 
the Banu Umayyah in the East, fol. 15a ; the 
Khalifs of the line of al-'Abbas, down to al- 
Musta'sim, fol. 22a. ; the kings of the Maghrib, 
viz. the Banu '1-Aghlab and the Shi'ah kings, 
or 'Ubaidis, in Ifrikiyyah and Egypt, fol. 286; 
the Banu Umayyah in Spain, fol. 38a ; the 
Muluk al-Tawa'if, or local dynasties, which 
rose in Spain after the extinction of the 
Uinayyades, fol. 456 ; the Murabitun of 
Lamtunah, fol. 51a ; the Muwahhidun in 
Maghrib and Spain, fol. 55a ; the Banu Abi 
Hafs in Ifrikiyyah, fol. 626 ; the Banu Zayyan 
in Tilimsan, fol. 675 ; the Banu Marln, fol. 
73a ; the Banu Nasr in Spain, fol. 876. 

The last two sections are brought down 



to A.H. 763. The last concludes with the 
entry of the then reigning Abu 'Abdallah 
Muhammad B. Isma'Il into the palace of 
Granada, on Saturday, the 20th of Jumada 
II., A.H. 763. 

The other historical compendium of Ibn 
al-Khatib, al-Hulal al-Markumah, extracts 
from which have been published by Casiri, 
vol. ii., pp. 177 246, shows some amount 
of verbal agreement with the prose com- 
mentary of the present poem ; but it is 
rather fuller in the latter period, and ap- 
pears to have been written a little later. It 
was completed, as stated at the end, p. 319, 
in Muharram, A,H. 765. 

On the first page of the MS. a former 
owner has written : " Rakm El Hulell Fy 
Achbar Duel. Histoire d'Orient, d'Affrique 
et d'Andalous, 760 ans de 1'hegire. A Tunis, 
1691, le 22 d'Aoust. J. G. Sparwenfeld." 

The volume passed since into the hands 
of Petis de Lacroix, to whom Frencli glosses 
and translations of some passages on the 
inserted leaves are probably due. 

476. 

Or. 3007. Foil. 198 ; 7| in. by 5^; 17 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in a large and cursive 
Neskhi of a peculiar rounded shape ; ap- 
parently in the 14th century. 

[KREMEE, no. 4.] 

A detached volume of a general history 
by Nasir al-Dm Muhammad B. 'Izz al-Dm 
'Abd al-Rahim, known as Ibn al-Furat. 

The title is found in the subscription, 
written by the same hand as the text : 
J\ uiJy-41 ^ #> 
M U, a \ yij-U (3 * 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



2*7 



The same title is written on the first page 
by another hand, of the same period, with the 
addition of the author's name : 

SU5M 



J\S i\ 



The author was the son of 'Izz al-Dln 
'Abd al-Rahlm B. 'Ali B. al- Hasan Ibn al- 
Furat, a Hanafi jurist, who died A.H. 741 
(v. al-Durar al-Kaminah, fol. 1686). He 
applied himself to the study of tradition, 
especially to the Dalii'il al-Nubuwwah and to 
the Shifa of Kadi 'lyad, and compiled a vast 
historical work in about twenty volumes, 
described as very useful, but written in 
vulgar style, which he left unfinished. He 
spent nearly all his life in his native city of 
Cairo, where he died at the age of seventy- 
two, on the eve of the 'Id al-Fitr, A.H. 807. 
See Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 1576 ; Ibn Tulun, 
Or. 3046, fol. 146a; Husn al-Muhadarah, 
fol. 128a ; Jourdain, Mines de 1' Orient, vol. 
iv., p. 308 ; and Wiistenfeld, Geschicht- 
schreiber, no. 454. 

The author's great chronicle, to which the 
present volume apparently belongs, is not 
generally known by the above title. It is 
simply called Ta'rikh Ibn Furat ; see Haj. 
Khal., vol. ii., p. 104. Ibn Hajar, who calls 
the author one of his masters, mentions it 
among his authorities as -JJ ji^-^ gj^ 
O\jiN ^ ^.jjl^eb (Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 16) ; 
but its original title, ti)^-4\ J>\\ ^J^\ has 

been preserved by Munajjim Bashi, who gives 
considerable extracts from it, as noticed by 
M. Schefer, Chrestomathie Persane, vol. i., 
p. 149. Nine volumes of Ibn Funlt are pre- 



served in Vienna, and two in Paris ; but they 
all belong to the post-Islamic period. See 
the Vienna Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 46, and the 
Paris Catalogue, nos. 1595-6. They have 
been used as a valuable authority for the 
history of the Crusades. See Histoire des 
Croisades, preface, p. 51, and Tiesenhausen, 
pp. 351364. 

The present volume is mainly taken up 
with the history of the Patriarchs from Seth 
to Isaac. The contents are as follows : 
Terrors of the Resurrection, and the Day of 
Judgment, ending with the intercession of 
Muhammad, fol. la ; Seth and his descend- 
ants, Uj j.^J\ wJ* C-xl &"&> fi ij J-oi 

x.b) ,j uijjjs., fol. 186 ; Idrls and the sub- 
sequent period down to Noah, fol. 23a ; 
Noah, his descendants, and -what happened 
after him down to Ibrahim, fol. 33a ; the 
tribe of 'Ad and the Prophet HQd, fol. 536 ; 
the tribe of Thamud and the Prophet Salih, 
fol. 606 ; Daniel the elder, j>&\ JUib, fol. 
65a ; Ibrahim, and what happened after him 
down to Yusuf, fol. 656 ; history of Lot, 
fol. 109a ; history of Isma'il and his de- 
scendants, fol. 115a ; Ishak, fol. 194a 
1986. 

The last section but one comprises a full 
enumeration of Nisbahs designating a tribal 
origin, foil. 122 193. They are arranged 
in alphabetical order, their pronunciation is 
fixed, and their origin explained. The 
author's object, as stated at the end, was 
to enable readers to understand the tribal 
names of " Companions," 'Ulama, poets, and 
other eminent men, who were to be mentioned 
further on in his work. 

The history of Tabari and the Muntazam 
of Ibn al-Jauzi are frequently quoted. The 
only living authority referred to is the 
author's master, 'Izz al-Din 'Abd al-'AzIz 
B. Muh Ibn Jama'ah al-Kinani (d. A.H. 767), 



288 



HISTORY. 



whose opinion as to whether the intended 
victim, g^Jtt, was Isma'Il or Ishak is quoted 
at length, fol. 926. 

477. 

Or. 1182. Foil. 254; 11$ in. by 6$; 21 
lines, 3f in. long ; written in neat Turkish 
Neskhi, with two 'Unwans, and gold-ruled 
margins ; dated A.H. 1220 (A.D. 1805). 

[ALEX. JABA.] 



The historical Prolegomena of 'Abd al- 
Rahman B. Muh. Ibn Khaldun al-Hadrami, 
who died A.H. 808. See the Arabic Cata- 
logue, pp. 1445, 4276. 

The MS. is divided into two parts. The 
first ends, fol. 205, with the fifth chapter 
(Fasl), which in the text edited by Btienne 
Quatremere, Notices et Extraits, voll. xvi. 
xviii., ends at p. 363 of vol. xvii. The second 
part, which begins with a 'Unwan, fol. 2066, 
is imperfect at the end. It extends from the 
beginning of the sixth chapter to the end of 
the Kasidah on the Za'irjah, ascribed to 
Abu 'l-'Abbas al-Sibti (v. ib. vol. xix., p. 
245). That poem, which in Quatremere's text 
occupies pp. 147 161 of vol. xviii., has been 
omitted by De Slane in his translation (ib. 
vol. xxi., p. 200). 

At the end is found the author's colophon, 
with the date of composition, A.H. 779, as in 
Quatremere's edition, vol. xviii., p. 434. The 
Mukaddimah has been printed in Bulak, A.H. 
1274, and in Beirut, A.D. 1879. 



. 478. 

Or. 1618. Foil. 150; 10| in. by 6f ; 21 
lines, 5 in. long; written in fine large Neskhi; 
dated 14 Shawwal, A.H. 925 (A.D. 1519). 



A compendium of general history, from 
the earliest times to A.H. 806, by Muhibb 
al-Dm Abu '1-Walid Muhammad B. Muham- 
mad B. Mahmud Ibn al-Shihnah al-Hanafi. 
See the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 1466 and 
568a. 

The author, who was born in Halab, 
A.H. 749, filled for many years the office 
of Kadi in his native city, where he died 
on the 12th of Rabi' II., A.H. 815. Full 
notices of his life will be found in Inba 
al-Grhumr, fol. 206 (where the above work 
is described as an elegant composition, in 
which there are numerous errors), and in 
the Tabakat of Ibn Tulun, Or. 3046, foil. 
177183. See also Wustenfeld, Gfescbicht- 
schreiber, no. 460, and, for other copies, 
the Leyden Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 153 ; 
Pertsch, no. 1573 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 
1537 1541; and the Khedive's Library, 
vol. v., p. 63. The Raudat al-Manazir, which 
is called by Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 491, Raud 
al-Manazir, has been printed with the Kamil 
of Ibn al-Athir, Cairo, A.H. 1290 and 1303. 

Copyist : 



'479. 

Or. 1536. Foil. 204; 10 in. by 6f ; 15 

lines, 4f in. long; written in cursive Neskhi, 
apparently in the 18th century. 

[SiE HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

A later copy of the same work. 

The first page, which is lost, has been 
replaced by a spurious beginning. There is 
a lacuna of two leaves after fol. 148, extend- 
ing from A.H. 584 to 588. The latter por- 
tion of the MS. is written by several hands. 
Some passages are left out, and the Khatimah 
is wanting. 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



0,r, 



On the first page : 
H. Rawlinson." 



Baghdad, Nov. 1846. 



480. 

Or. 2902. Foil. 218 ; 10$ in. by 7 ; 27 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, before 
A.H. 848 (A.D. 1444). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 



The fourth and last volume of the Suluk, 
or Chronicle of the period extending from 
the beginning of Saladin's reign to A.H. 844, 
by Taki al-Din Abu '1- 'Abbas Ahmad B. 'All 
B. 'Abd al-Kadir al-Makrizi, with the follow- 
ing title written on a gold ground at the 
beginning: 



( JL> 

The author, born in Cairo, A.H. 766, died 
there on the 29th of Ramadan, A.H. 845. 
See the notice of his life by his contem- 
porary Ibn Hajar, Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 357, 
Quatremere, Ilistoire des Sultans Mamlouks, 
preface, and Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, 
no. 482. 



Beg. 3&d 



.A* 



This volume extends from the beginning 
of A.H. 815 to A.H. 844, the last year 
recorded in al-Suluk. The MS. is slightly 
imperfect at the end ; it breaks off in the 
account of the trial of Shams al-Din Muh. 
al-Safadi, Hanafi Kadi of Damascus, which 
took place before the Sultan and the four 
chief Kadis, on the 16th of Rajab, A.H. 844. 

A portion of the work, A.H. 648693, 
has been translated by Quatremere, "Histoire 
des Sultans Mamlouks de 1'Egypte," 2 voll., 
1837 42. For notices and extracts, see 



Historiens des Croisades, Introduction, p. 58 ; 
Hamaker, Specimen, pp. 207 238 ; Tiesen- 
hausen, Recueil, pp. 417 442 ; and, for 
other copies, Uri, nos. 688, 724, 729, 751 ; 
Pertsch, no. 1620 ; Preston, Biblioth. Burck- 
hardt., p. 10, no. 50; and the Paris Catalogue, 
nos. 172628. 

The earliest of several notes written by 
former owners on the first page is dated 
Jumada I., A.H. 848. 

481. 

Or. 4306. Foil. 109 ; 8 in. by 5; 15 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in plain Neskhi ; dated 
15 Muharram, A.H. 1070 (A.D. 1659). 

[BUDGE.] 



Jfcl 



A work on general history, by 'Abd al- 
Rahman B. Muh. B. 'Ali B. Ahmad al- 
Hanafi al-Bastami. 



^ >\L ^ 

The author, a dervish of the Bastami 
order, wrote several works of a cabalistical 
nature, one of which he dedicated, A.H. 835, 
to Sultan Murad II., in Brusa. Two others 
were written in A.H. 845, which was, 
according to Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 464, the 
year of his death. See also Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 481 ; the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 344<z ; and the Leyden Cata- 
logue, vol. ii., p. 158, and vol. v., pp. 24-5. 

The present work is said to consist of five 
Biibs, a division not observed in the body of 
the volume. It is of little historical value, 
dealing largely with fabulous traditions, 
cabalistic calculations and eschatology. The 
history proper is a mere chronological sketch 
p P 



290 



HISTORY. 



of the Caliphs, and of the great religious 
teachers who appeared in each of the cen- 
turies of the Hijrah. The last event men- 
tioned is the sack of Halab by Timur, 
A.H. 803, which the author appears to have 
witnessed. 

A work of the same author, beginning 
with the same words as the present one, is 
noticed by Pertsch, no. 1511, under the 

title j|ji5)l J^K>j jlf*^ ^^ x> - Its contents 
are nearly identical with those of a later 
composition of the same writer, described in 
the Leyden Catalogue, no. 1131. 

Copyist : ejjU 



482. 

Or. 1555. Foil. 296 ; 8 in. by 5| ; 16 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in rude Neskhi, by an 
ignorant scribe ; dated Rabi' II., A.H. 1211 
(A.D. 1796). 

[SiE HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

A manual of general history, the title of 
which is found at the end of the first chapter, 
fol. 1096 : Q\ v 1 ^ w* Jj 



The author, whose name does not appear 
in the MS., is called in other copies Muham- 
mad al-Shatibi, or fuller, Abu 'Abdallah 
Muhammad B. 'Ali B. Muh. al-Shatibi 
(alias al-Shatibi, both forms being in use 
to designate a native of Xatiba). See the 
Leyden Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 154; the Paris 
Catalogue, nos. 1545 49 ; Aumer, no. 379 ; 
Uri, no. 661 ; Pertsch, no. 1575 ; Gayangos, 
Mohammedan Dynasties, vol. i., p. xxiv. ; 
Barnamaj al-Kutub, Haj. Khal., vol. vi., 
p. 660 ; the Vienna Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 142 ; 
Rosen, Institut, no. 63 ; "Wiistenfeld, G-e- 
schichtschreiber, no. 485 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., p. 24, where the work is 
noticed, but without title or author's name. 



Silvestre de Sacy, who gives a full analysis 
of this compendium in the Notices et Extraits, 
tome II., pp. 125 163, calls the author 
Shihab al-Dln Ahmad al-Mukri al-Fasi, and 
draws from some passages the inference that 
he wrote between A.H. 845 and 855. A 
somewhat later date, however, must be as- 
signed to the work ; for in both the present 
MS. and an older copy, Or. 3008, the enume- 
ration of the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt con- 
cludes with al-Malik al-Zahir Khushkadam, 
who reigned A.H. 865 872, and of whom 
the author speaks as still living. See the 
present MS., fol. 2796, and Or. 3008, fol. 
1366, where we read : *a-\ jj^U <^X\\ Jj J 
\3 [sic] 



The present copy, apparently transcribed 
from a MS. which wanted the first page, 
begins with the last line of the preamble : 



The three parts (Fasl) into which the work 
is divided begin respectively at foil. Ib, 1096, 
and 184a. But the third is imperfect. It 
ends abruptly with a record of the defeat of 
Muhammad B. al-Khair by Baljln B. Ziri, 
called Abu'l-Futuh, A.H. 360. See Or. 
3008, fol. 142a, line 8, and S. de Sacy, I.e., 
p. 161. 

483. 

Or. 1563. Foil. 238 ; 9iin.by5f ; 21 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in small and neat 
Neskhi, partly supplied with vowels ; dated 
A.H. 961 (AJ). 1554). 

[Sm HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 



A history of the Khalifs, by Jalal al-Dln 
al-Suyuti. See the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 
1516, 5706. 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



291 



The work has been edited by N. Lees, 
Calcutta, 1857. Another edition was litho- 
graphed in Lahore, 1870 ; and a third was 
printed in Cairo, A.H. 1305. 

The entire work has been translated into 
English by Major H. S. Jarrett, Bibliotheca 
Indica, Calcutta, 1881. For MSS.,see Pertsch, 
no. 1584 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1609 
1614; and the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 22. 

On the first page is written : " Purchased 
by me at Baghdad, Jan. 20, 1847. H. Raw- 
linson." 

484. 

Or. 1533. Foil. 193; 11$ in. by 7f; 22 
lines, 4| in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; 
dated 1st Sha'bao, A.H. 1053 (A.D. 1643). 
[SiR HENBT C. RAWLINSON.] 

The same work. 



Copyist : ^ jjj y>\ JJL> ^ 



485. 

Or. 3018. Foil. 334 ; 7| in. by 5 ; 21 lines, 
3|- in. long; written in plain Neskhi ; dated 
23 RabI' I., A.H. 1059 (A.D. 1649). 

[KEEMER, no. 16.] 

The same work, wanting the first page. 



Copyist : j 



lU 



( jlo)1 joe- 



Prefixed is a tabulated index of the Khalifs, 
with reference to the folios of the MS. 

486. 

Or. 3019. Foil. 300 ; 9 in. by 6$ ; 19 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
13 Muharram, A.H. 1272 (A.D. 1855). 

[KREMER, no. 17.] 



A transcript of the preceding MS. 
Copyist : 



487. 

Or. 1550. Foil. 88; 7 in. by 5 ; from 20 
to 25 lines, 4^ in. long ; written in a scholar- 
like cursive Neskhi, about A.H. 900 (A.D. 
1495). [SiR HENRY C. RAWLIXSON.] 

Historical treatises, notices, and extracts, 
collected by 'Abd al-Kadir B. Muhammad 
al-Nu'aimi. 

The whole MS. is in the hand of the com- 
piler, This appears from several notes ; for 
instance, the following, fol. 29a : w5\ 



Abu '1-Mafakhir Muhyi al-Din 'Abd al- 
Kadir B. Muh. B. 'Umar al-Nu'aimi al- 
Dimashki al-Shafi'i, the historian of Damas- 
cus, and one of its leading traditionists, was 
born in that city A.H. 845, rose to the office 
of deputy-judge, ^ISM u_<ol>, and died there 
on the 4th of Jumada II., AH. 927. He left 
numerous works, among which the following 
four, not noticed by Haj. Khal., appear to 
be of some historical importance : 1. 

' 2. 



3. 

^Ujll J&\ OUJjj d\y kxxj ^. See al-Kawa- 
kib al-Sa'irah, Add. 16,647, fol. 76a. 

The contents of the present compilation 
are as follows 

I. Foil. 128. A short history of the 
Khalifs, from Abu Bakr down to A.H. 824, to 
which is prefixed a life of Muhammad ; 
without author's name. 

Beg. 
i fy 



J Uiii 



PP2 



J\ 



292 



HISTORY. 



The work concludes with a short chrono- 
logical sketch of the Abbaside Khalifs of 
Egypt, ending with the bare names of Da'ud 
al-Mu'tadid, of al-Mustakfi billah Abu '1- 
Rabi' Sulaiman (who died A.H. 854), and 
of his brother, al-Mumb lillah Yusuf (not 
mentioned by other historians). 

II. Foil. 29 42. A short metrical sum- 
mary of the Khalifs, and of the kings of 
Egypt, by Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. Ahmad 
al-Ba'iini (who died A.H. 871), with the 

following title : \j*\ 



JUJ A\ 

The compiler adds, that the author had 
given him, A.H. 870, in the Jami' al-Man- 
jaki, Damascus, a general licence for the 
teaching of his works in prose and verse. 

Beg. 



The sketch of the Khalifs is brought down 
to al-Musta'In billah (d. A.H. 833), and that 
of the kings to al-Malik al-Ashraf Barsabai 
(A.H. 825842). The work is only desig- 

nated by the author as JcLW tjfrj. It is 
noticed by Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 231, and 
vol. iv., p. 391, under the title \jj^>\ &i 
liliij ii)jiU *!.}?> which is also given to it 
by Pertsch, no. 18666 ; by Fleischer, Leipzig 
Catalogue, p. 534a ; and in the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., p. 140. Other copies have 
no title. See Ahlwardt, Verzeichniss, nos. 
714-15, and the Paris Catalogue, no. 1615, i. 

III. Foil. 4345. List of the Abbaside 
Khalifs of Baghdad. Five obituary notices 
of traditionists, dated A.H. 720 728, from 
the autograph MS. of Shams al-Dln Muh. 



(B. Abi Bakr) Ibn Nasir al-Dln, who died 
in Damascus, A.H. 842. (See the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 1773, 7716.) 

IV. Foil. 4653. w.^ t\jfj\ J wj A\ *jM\ 

A chronological sketch of the governors 
and kings of Egypt, from the Muslim con- 
quest to A.H. 826, with obituary notices of 
'Ulama; by Muhammad B. Hasan al-Banbi 
al-Shafi'i. 



It is divided into centuries, from the first 
century of the Hijrah to the ninth, and 
concludes with the accession of Barsabai, 
A.H. 825, and with an obituary notice of 
Wall al-Dln Abu Zur'ah Ahmad [B. 'Abd al- 
Rahman] Ibn al- 'Iraki, who died A.H. 826. 

It has been brought down by the com- 
piler, in successive additions, to the Turkish 
conquest, A.H. 923. 

The above title is borrowed from an earlier 
sketch of Egyptian history, ulJjlU ^ A^,^ s*>\ 
&>jo^\, written in verse by Jamal al-Dln Abu '1- 
Husain Ibn al-Jazzar, circa A.H. 676 ; for 
copies of which see the Leyden Catalogue, 
vol. ii., no. 835; Pertsch, nos. 1667-8 ; and 
Derenbourg, Escurial, no. 470, 10. 

V. Foil. 5462. A short account of the 
Egyptian dynasties, from the rise of the 
Fatimides to the accession of Kayitbai, 
A.H. 872 ; without author's name. 



Beg. 



[sic] 



VI. Foil. 6370. Chronicle of Damascus, 
consisting chiefly of obituary notices of 'Ulama, 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



298 



from A.H. 777 to A.H. 810, transcribed by the 
compiler from the autograph MS. of the 
author, Shams al-Dln Abu 'Abdallah Muh. 
B. Baha al-DIn Abi Bakr 'Abdallah B. Nasir 
al-Dm Muh. (v. supra, art. III.). 



*A>> L: 



Some additional notices for A.H. 815 
837, due to the same author, have been added 
by the compiler, foil. 71-2. 

VII. Foil. 73 87. Extracts from the 
Kitab al-Raudatain of Abu Shamah, from 
the Kamil of Ibn al-Athir, and from al-Fath 
al-Kussi of 'Imad al-Din, relating to the 
history of Syria under Nur al-DIn and Salah 
al-DIn. 

VIII. Foil. 88. A short extract from the 
work entitled &>.j^ *-^ ij l-j^ "^jP'i 
relating to the death of Saif al-DIn Ghazi 
B. Zinki, lord of al-Mausil. 

The compiler calls the author, fol. 73a, his 
shaikh, Badr al-DIn al-Asadl. His full name 
is Badr al-DIn Abu '1-Fath Muh. B. Abi Bakr 
Ibn Kadi Shuhbah al-Asadl. He was a son 
of the well-known author of the Tabakat al- 
Shafi'iyyah, and he died A.H. 874. The 
above-named work, which Haj. Khal. de- 
scribes, without naming the author, vol. v., 
p. 261, is only another recension of the same 
writer's history entitled eJiU* j, u>iN jd\ 
^^ jj>. See Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 188, 
and Rosen, Notices Sommaires, no. 175. 
The two works have the same beginning, 
and the same headings to their seven 
chapters. 

488. 

Or. 1544 Fol. 144 ; 11^ in. by 7| ; 25 



lines, 4f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; 
dated 18 Jumada I., A.H. 974 (A.D. 1563). 
[SiE HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

A general history, with special reference 
to Jerusalem, from the earliest times to 
A.H. 896, by Mujlr al-DIn 'Abd al-Rahman 
B. Muh. al-'Umari al-'Ulaimi al-Hanbali. 



Mujlr al-DIn, who is well known as the 
author of a history of Jerusalem entitled 
al-Uns al-Jalil, was Kadi of Jerusalem, and 
died, there A.H. 927. See Wiistenfeld, Ge- 
schichtschreiber, no. 512. He gives his full 
name and title in the concluding lines : .Wj 



The character of the work is set forth in 
this short preamble : cr -a3 



The work, which in the present copy bears 
no specific title, is probably identical with 
the history entitled^ y* *\+>\ ,j jf>\\ j^> 
which Haj. Khal. ascribes to the same author. 
See vol. ii., p. 150, and vol. v., p. 619. 

From some incidental references of the 
author to himself, it appears that while 



294 



HISTOEY. 



staying in Cairo, A.H. 888-9, he was fre- 
quently admitted to the court of the Khalif 
al-Mutawakkil, and that he heard the Sahib, 
of al-Bukhari read in his presence (see foil. 
996, 148a). Mujir al-Din gives, in the Tins 
al-Jalil, pp. 598 603, an extensive biography 
of his father, Shams al-Dm Abu 'Abdallah 
Muh. B. 'Abd al-Rahman al-'Dmari al-'Ulaimi, 
who was born in al-Ramlah A.H. 807, filled 
the post of Hanbali Kadi of Jerusalem A.H. 
841 873, and died in his native town on the 
4th of Dulka'dah, A.H. 873. His Nisbah was 
derived from the name of a sainted ancestor, 
'Ali B. 'Ulail, vulgarly called Ibn 'Ulaim, who 
died in Ramlah A.H. 474. See Tins al-Jalil, 
pp. 420 and 602. 

The author begins with a computation of 
the time elapsed between the descent of Adam 
upon earth and the Hijrah, and bases his 
calculation upon the Septuagint, *>?V>jA\ hj^> 
which he declares to be the genuine version 
of the Pentateuch, after which he proceeds 
to state what he calls the garbled chronology 
of the Samaritans and of the Jews. 

Contents : The Prophets, from Adam to 
Jesus, concluding with the second destruction 
of Jerusalem, fol. 16 ; Jews, fol. 8b; Christians, 
fol. 9a; Indians, fol. 96; Negroes, ib. ; Chinese, 
Canaanites, Berbers, Arabs, fol. 10<z; Story 
of the Elephant (Abrahah), fol. 106 ; Life of 
Muhammad, fol. lla; the Khalifs, from Abu 
Bakr to al-Hasan, fol. 496 ; the Umayyades, 
fol. 596 ; the Abbasides, fol. 716 ; the Fati- 
mides, fol. 876 ; the Abbasides of Egypt, 
from al-Mustansir to al-Mutawakkil (who 
was proclaimed A.H. 884), fol. 96a ; Sultans 
of Syria, from 'Imad al-Dm Zinki, A.H. 534, 
to the death of al-Malik al-Salih Isma'il, 
A.H. 577, fol. 996 ; Salah ad-Din B. Ayyub, 
fol. 1036; Banu Ayyub in Syria, fol. Ilia; 
Banu Ayyub in Egypt, fol. 118a ; the Turkish 
dynasty in Egypt, from al-Malik al-Mu'izz 
Aibak, A.H. 648, to al-Malik al-Ashraf 



Kayitbai, the reigning Sultan at the date 
of composition, foil. 122& 1446. 

The account of the last reign takes the 
form of a detailed chronicle, in which the 
events of Egypt and Syria, more especially 
those relating to Jerusalem, are recorded 
year by year. The last occurrence men- 
tioned is the passage of the Turkish envoys 
on their return journey through Jerusalem, 
in Ramadan, A.H. 896, and the simultaneous 
departure of Amir Janbulat, sent by al-Malik 
al-Ashraf to Ibn ' Uthman ( S ultan Bayazid II. ) 
in answer to the latter's proposals of peace. 
These transactions are recorded in nearly 
the same words in Uns al-Jalil, p. 688. 

489. 

Or. 1761. Foil. 324 ; 11 in. by 7 ; 15 lines, 
4 in. long; written in Nestalik, about A. D. 
1850. [SiB HENRY M. ELLIOT.] 

Extracts from historical works, mostly 
Persian, described in the Persian Catalogue, 
p. 1022. The following is Arabic : foil. 
277 321, extracts from a MS. in the Moti 
Mahall Library, Lucknow, wrongly endorsed 
Ta'rlkh i Tabari, with the heading j\ 



Beg. 



A notice of the original MS. by Dr. Sprenger, 
prefixed to this extract, foil. 275-6, gives a 
list of the chapters it contained, beginning 
with the 38th, on the Tahirides, and ending 
with the 76th, on the Osmanlis. The last 
chapter is said to fill nearly one-third of the 
volume, and to come down to A.H. 997. 

The headings of these chapters and their 
arrangement, from the first, numbered 38th, 



ANCIENT AND GENERAL HISTORY. 



295 



to the 75th, which treats of the Ima'ilis, or 
Safawis, of Persia, agree exactly with those 
of chapters 52-86 of the history of al- 
Jannabi, ^U*- .j, described by Baron 
Rosen, Manuscrits Arabes de 1'Institut, no. 
50. The Lucknow MS. represents evidently 
an earlier edition of the same work, which 
contained only seventy-six dynasties, while 
their number was subsequently increased to 
eighty-two, as stated by Haj. Khal., vol. ii., 
p. 18, and even to eighty-seven, as must have 
been the case with the recension represented 
by the MS. of the Institut. An Oxford MS., 
described by Uri, nos. 657-8, and Nicoll, vol. 
ii., p. 590, contains only seventy-six dynasties. 

The author, Abu Muh. Mustafa B. al-Sayyid 
Hasan B. Sinan al-Husaini al-Jannabi (who 
followed the career of Turkish 'Ulama, and 
rose to the office of Kadi of Halab), died 
A.H. 999. See 'Ata'i, Bail al-Shaka'ik, p. 308, 
and Wiistenfeld, G-eschichtschreiber, no. 538. 
His father, al-Sayyid Hasan B. Sayyid Sinan, 
a native of NIgusar, had entered before 
him the ranks of Turkish 'Ulama, and held 
during five years the office of Kadi of Mecca. 
He died A.H. 975. See Dail al-Shaka'ik, 
Add. 18,519, fol. 46. In a passage of the 
present extracts, fol. 2796, the author states 
incidentally that in A.H. 961 he was staying 
in Mecca with his father, whom he calls the 
Kadi of Mecca, 'Afif al-Dm al-Sayyid Hasan 
al-Husaini. 

The present work, generally known as 
Ta'rikh al-Jannabi, is mentioned by Haj. 
Khal. under that name, vol. ii., p. 124, and 
again under two different titles ; namely, 

t}\ vol. ii., p. 18, and ^1 
j-\}\ vol. iv., p. 281. 
This last title is the one which 'Atai gives 
to the work. 

For other copies, see Uri, nos. 785-6, and 
Rosen, Notices Sommaires, no. 183. An 



abridged Turkish version by the author is 
noticed in the Vienna Catalogue, vol. ii.. p. 85. 

The extracts are as follows : Timurides 
of India, from Babar to Akbar, foil. 277a. 
Bab 70 : Kings of India, from Kutb al-Din 
Aibak to Ibrahim Lodi, j>'& ,j w yu N i__ >U!\ 
&*$\ cLJ^Ju*, fol. 2806 ; local dynasties of India, 
jJ^\ i_oi\jk ci^uyj j, fol. 2896 ; the Kipchak 
and the Khans of Crimea, c*ijJI J^lo ^, 
fol. 2956. Bab 43: the Ghaznawis, fol. 
309o. Bab 44 : the Ghuris, fol. 3156. 

490. 

Or. 1979. Foil. 38 ; lOf in. by 8 ; 15 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in Nestalik, about 
A.D. 1850. [SiE HENRY M. ELLIOT.] 

Foil. 2 30, extracts from the same MS. 
of Ta'rikh al-Jannabi, viz., Bab 43: Ghaz- 



nawis, 

fol. 2. Bab 44 : Ghuris, fol. 86. Bab 70 : 
Kings of India, or Sultans of Dehli, fol. 146; 
local dynasties of India, fol. 24a. 

491. 

Or. 1548. Foil. 392; 8| in. by 5f ; 25 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in cursive Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins, apparently in the 18th 
century. [SiR HENRT C. RAWLINSON.] 



An abridgment of general history, from 
the earliest times to A.H. 1007, by Abu '1- 
'Abbas Ahmad B. Sinan (or Yusuf) B. Ahmad 
al-Dimashki al-Karamani, who died A.H. 
1019. See the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 147 
and 428 ; for the author's life, Khulasat 
al-Athar, vol. i., p. 209 ; and "Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 550. 

The work has been printed on the margins 



296 



HISTORY. 



of the Kamil of Ibn al-Athir, Bulak, A.H. 
1190. For other copies, see Pertsch, BO. 
1579 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1556 59 ; 
Rosen, Notices Soramaires, no. 185, Institut, 
nos. 52 54; and the Khedive's Library, 
vol. v., p. 6. 

492. 

Or. 1552. Foil. 318 ; 11J in. by 6; 27 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, by several 
hands, apparently in the 18th century. 

[SiE HENKY C. RAWLINSON.] 



A work on general Muslim history, from 
the earliest times to A.H. 1103, commonly 
called 



The author, whose name does not appear 
in the text, but only in this late endorsement, 
^/elAfr r.j\i> j Jj\ i_s*ai, was 'Abd al-Malik B. 
Husain B. 'Abd al-Malik al-Shafi'i al-Makki 
al-'Isami. He was born in Mecca A.H. 1049, 
was attached as teacher to the Masjid al- 
Haram, and made himself known as an elegant 
writer in prose and verse. He died in his 
native city, A.H. 1111. (See Silk al-Durar, 
vol. iii., p. 139.) His grandfather, 'Abd al- 
Malik B. Jamal al-Dm al-'Isaini, also a pro- 
lific writer, who died in Medina A.H. 1037, 
is noticed in the Khulasat al-Athar, vol. iii., 
p. 87. (See also the Arabic Catalogue, p. 
784a, ad p. 573.) 

The present history is a useful compilation, 
drawn from upwards of a hundred works, 
enumerated in the preface. It was com- 
menced on the 13th of RabI' II., A.H. 1094, 
and completed at the end of Safar, A.H. 1098. 
The above title is a chronogram for the former 
date. The preface concludes with a dedica- 
tion to the Sharif of Mecca, Ahmad B. Zaid 
B. Muhsin, who was appointed to that post 



A.H. 1095, and occupied it till his death, 
A.H. 1099. See Khulasat al-Athar, vol. i., 
p. 190. 

The work is divided into four Maksads and 
a Khatimah, the contents of which have been 
stated in the Arabic Catalogue, p. 573. The 
present MS. contains (like the MS. previously 
described, Add. 23,286) the first half of the 
work, viz., the first three Maksads, beginning 
respectively at foil. 6a, 796, and 2166. It 
concludes with the history of the Khiliifat of 
al-Hasan, but wants about a page at the end. 

A copy of the first volume is noticed in the 
Paris Catalogue, no. 1563. For other copies, 
see Spitta, Zeitschrift der D. Morg. Ges., 
vol. xxx., p. 319 ; Biblioth. Burckhardt., p. 4, 
no. 14 ; and the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 69. 

493. 

Or. 1153. Foil. 239; 11 in. by 7 ; 32 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in small and distinct 
Neskhi; dated 8 Du'lka'dah, A.H. 1121 
(A.D. 1710). [SiR HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

The second half of the preceding work, 
containing the fourth Maksad and the Kha- 
timah. 

Contents : Maksad IV. : 1. Ummayades, 
fol. 26 ; 2. Abbasides, fol. 51a ; 3. 'Ubaid- 
iyyah, fol. 886; 4. Ayyubites, fol. 976; 
Turcomans, fol. lOOa ; Circassians, fol. 103a ; 
Osmanlis, fol. 1096. Khatimah : descendants 
of Abu Talib, fol. 121 ; the descendants of 
'Abu Talib who claimed sovereignty, fol. 1276 ; 
the descendants of Abu Talib who held sway 
in Mecca, fol. 137a. 

The last section is a valuable and, for the 
latter period, a very full and circumstantial 
chronicle of Mecca. It has been continued 
by the author for five years subsequent to 
the completion of the original work. This 



HISTORY OF THE PROPHETS. 



297 



continuation extends from the month of 
RabI' II., A.H. 1098, to Monday, the 15th of 
Jumada II., A.H. 1103, foil. 2276 238a. 
It ends abruptly, as in the former copy, 
Add. 23,287, with the first words of an entry 
relating to the fifth of Dulhijjah, A.H. 1103. 

In a colophon, somewhat mutilated by in- 
cautious trimming, fol. 238<z, it is stated that 
the MS. was completed on the 8th of Dul- 

ka'dah, A.H. 1121, by Matrud B. Muh 

Abu Dlb al-Khatti. It was written in the 
town of al-Ahsa for a noble and princely 
personage, Shaikh 'Abd al-'AzIz B. Muh. B. 
Husain B. 'Af alik, jW*. The next three pages 
contain a long and pompous dedication of the 
MS. to the same illustrious person by Muh. B. 
'Abd al-Rahman B. Husain al-Ahsa'i, who had, 
by his desire, collated and corrected the text. 
The writer concludes with a Kasidah in praise 
of his patron. The dedication is dated 13 
Safar, A.H. 1123. Another poem in praise 
of the same Shaikh 'Abd al-'AzIz occupies 
the first page of the MS. 



History of the Prophets. 

494. 



Or. 1428. Foil. 280; 11 in. by 7f ; 23 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, probably 
in the 17th century, except two leaves at 
the beginning, three at the end, and a few 
in the body of the volume, which have been 
supplied by a later hand. 



History of the Prophets, by Abu Ishak 
Ahmad B. Muh. B. Ibrahim al-Tha'labi al- 
Naisaburi, who died A.H. 427. See Ibn 
Khallikan, De Slane's translation, vol. i., 
p. 60; al-Subki, Add. 23,361, fol. 67; 
Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 49, fol. 138; and 
Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 185. 



Beg. 



JU3 



By the above-quoted authorities and in 
most MSS. the work is not called, as above, 

jl&, but simply i_*a*a ,j jjJ]^ <^>\jS 
The contents are fully stated in the 
Bodleian Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 73. See also 
ib., vol. i., pp. 161, 175, vol. ii., p. 137 ; the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 4166 ; the Paris Cata- 
logue, nos. 1918 22; and Haj. Khal., vol. iv., 
p. 195. The work has been printed in Cairo, 
A.H. 1282, and often reprinted since. See 
the Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 86. 

There is at fol. 116 a considerable lacuna, 
without apparent break in the text. It 
extends from the sixth Bab of Majlis II. to 
the fifth Bab of Majlis IV., and corresponds 
to pp. 1328 of theCairo editionof A.H. 1292. 

495. 

Or. 1494. Foil. 237 ; 7$ in. by 6 ; 23 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in a somewhat cursive, 
but fairly legible, angular character ; dated 
Jumada L, A.H. 513 (A.D. 1119). 

[Sm HENBT C. RAWLINSON.] 

Another copy of the same work, somewhat 
imperfect at the beginning. 

It begins abruptly with these words : ^\ 
eju* r U J Ux^\ J* J JW dl J fiaij. 
They belong to a passage of the sixth Bab 
of Majlis II. (Cairo edition of A.H. 1292, 
page 14, line 19). 

The text is fuller and more correct than 
that of the printed edition. It contains in 
extenso the Isnads, which are omitted or 
curtailed in the latter. Foil. 8599 have 
been supplied by a modern hand in a coarse 
character. 

QQ 



298 



HISTORY. 



A table of contents and a false title, L 

+*3\ jU<J-1 (j^F '})*> ascribing the 
work to al-Asma'i, have been prefixed by a 
modern hand. 

On the fly-leaf : " Purchased by me at 
Baghdad, Oct. 25, 1847. H. Kawlinson." 



496. 

Or. 3055. Foil. 79 ; 7 in. by 5| ; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in rather cursive, but 
distinct, Neskhi, probably in the 1 6th century. 

[KEEMEE, no. 55.] 

Another copy of the 'Ara'is, imperfect at 
beginning and end, and containing rather 
less than the first half of the work. 

It begins abruptly in the middle of the 
sixth Bab of the second Majlis. The first 

rubric, fol. U, is : J>-\^ l^T*^ j ^U\ _A*5\ 
\$5T (Cairo edition, A.H. 1292, p. 15). 

After fol. 76, which contains the latter 
part of the story of 'Ad and Shaddad (ib., 
p. 128), there are some leaves wanting. 
Foil. 77-78 contain the end of the chapter 
on Ayyub, and the beginning of the story of 
Du'1-Kifl (ib., pp. 14143). 

Fol. 79 does not belong to the 'Ara'is ; 
it is a leaf detached from some early MS., 
apparently a collection of stories of saints. 
It contains an anecdote relating to 'Ali B. 
Bakkar and Abu Ishak al-Fazari. 



497. 

Or. 3054. Foil. 264 ; 9 in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with head- 
ings in fine Thulthi and red ink ; dated Jumada 
II., A.H. 617 (A.D. 1220). 

[KBEMEE, no. 54.] 



History of the Prophets, by al-Kisa'i. 
.' Ubol lAl .j^oM jM *JJ 



The author is called in most MSS. Abu '1- 
Hasan Muhammad B. 'Abdallah al-Kisa'i. 
See Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 23, and vol. iii., 
p. 174. His date is uncertain, and the 
present early copy is of some importance 
as fixing a lower limit for the time of com- 
position. 

The first folio, which has been supplied 
by a much later hand, gives Muhammad B. 
'AH al-Kisa'i as the author's name. The 
original part of the MS. begins, fol. 2o, with 

the first rubric ; _j)J! j^>-\) JJiNj ~-$\ C-iJ- 
*\ilj j^-^J^ (_j^J\). A few single leaves in 
the body of the volume have also been 
supplied by later hands. 

The latter part of the work differs mate- 
rially from the text of most other copies, 
and has much additional matter, as will be 
seen from the following rubrics : 



Fol. 2276. 
Ib. 

Fol. 2286. 
Fol. 230a. 
Fol. 233a. 

Fol. 2336. 
Fol. 2376. 

Fol. 242a. 
Fol. 2456. 



J! 



HISTORY OF THE PROPHETS. 



299 



Fol. 248a. 
Fol. 249a. 
Fol. 2566. 
Fol. 2576. 
Fol. 258a. 
Fol. 260a. 
Fol. 2616. 



For other copies, see the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 1696, 417a, 582a, 683a ; the Leyden Cata- 
logue, vol. ii., p. 298 ; Gildemeister, Bonn 
Catalogue, p. 9 ; Pertsch, no. 1739 ; Loth, 
no. 715 ; Aumer, no. 444 ; the Berlin Cata- 
logue, no. 1021 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 
1914 17, and the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 113. 

498. 

Or. 1554. Foil. 174 ; lOf in. by 7 ; 23 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, partly 
supplied with vowels ; dated 3 Dulka'dah, 
A.H. 913 (A.D. 1508). 

[SiR HENKY C. RAWLINSON.] 

The same work, with the following title 
written by the same hand as the text : i_j\li' 



The author's name appears in the beginning 
as follows : 



The account of 'Isa is followed only by 
the following chapters : 

Fol. 



flj? & 



Fol. 1716. 



JSSJ 



Fol. 172a. 
Fol. 172fi. 
Ib. 

Prefixed is a full table of chapters, occupy- 
ing three pages. 

On the fly-leaf is a short notice of the 

MS. by its late owner, who writes at the 

end : " Purchased at Baghdad, Sept. 10, 
1846. H. Rawlinson." 

499. 

Or. 3945. Foil. 168; 8f in. by 6 ; from 
25 to 30 lines, 4f in. long ; written in fair 
Neskhi; dated 26 Shawwal, A.H. 1254 (A.D. 
1839). [GLASEB, no. 239.J 

Another copy of the same work, without 
author's name. 

There is a spurious beginning. The first 
words of the genuine text are, fol. 2a : *! J(*>j 



corresponding with the first line of fol. 46 
in Add. 25,733. 

The MS. breaks off before the end of the 
chapter on Yunus. The copyist adds that 
the MS. he was copying ended there. 

500. 

Or. 1284. Foil. 129 ; 8 in. by 5} ; 21 lines, 
3J in. long ; written in stiff Neskhi ; dated 
17 Jumada II., A.H. 1065 (A.D. 1066). 

An account of Abraham and of the other 
Prophets buried in Makam al-Khalll (Hebron). 

The MS. is defective at the beginning. 
The first leaf in the original writing, fol. 2, 
contains the latter portion of a table of 
chapters, extending from Fasl 9 to Fa si 30. 
The next, fol. 3, contains the latter part of 
QQ2 



300 



HISTORY. 



Fasl 1 and the beginning of Fasl 2, which 
treats of the birth of Abraham. A leaf 
prefixed by another hand, fol. 1, contains 
the beginning of the table of chapters, and, 
on the first page, the following title : \ JA 



The title proves to be correct. Taj al-DIn 
Ishak B. al-Khatib Burhan al-DIn Ibrahim 
B. Ahmad B. Muh. B. Kamil al-Tadmuri 
al-Shafi'i, Khatib of Makam al-Khalil, is 
mentioned in Uns al-Jalil, Add. 9974, foil. 
1756, as the author of the work entitled 
^LJ\ uJ* JjJAi ijbj J) |yd1 ^~c, and is said 
to have died in Ramadan, A.H. 833. The 
office of Khatib of the Hebron Sanctuary 
appears to have been hereditary in his family. 
It had been successively conferred upon the 
author's great-grandsire, Shams al-DIn Muh. 
B. Kamil, A.H. 725, and on his grandsire, 
Shihab al-DIn Ahmad, A.H. 741. See ib., 
ff. 1696, 170a. 

The object of the work was evidently to 
attract devout pilgrims to the holy shrine, 
and to enlighten them as to the history of 
the cave and tombs, and as to the efficacy of 
devotions performed there. As originally 
planned, the work consisted of twenty-seven 
chapters (fusul), the last of which was de- 
voted to a life of Muhammad; but three 
more chapters, treating of Moses, Jonas, 
and the first four Khalifs, have been sub- 
sequently added by the author, and occupy 
the latter part of the volume, ff. 109 129. 
The present work is one of the authorities 
quoted in an account of Jerusalem entitled 
^jjiU c*jo JJUi ,j o^ i>jjN> by Sayyid 
Taj al-DIn Abu '1-Nasr 'Abd al-Wahhab al- 
Husaini al-Shafi'i al-Dimashki, who was still 
alive A.H. 875. See Ithaf al-Akhissa, Or. 



1547, fol. 66. Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 379, is 
wrong as to the Nisbah of the author, whom 
he calls Ishak B. Ibrahim al-Dairi. 

Other copies are noticed in the Paris 
Catalogue, no. 1667, 2, no. 1668, 2. 

This work must not be confounded with 
one similarly entitled, namely, ,J^ A*M ^.i* 
,llJ\j (_^jji!\ Jjbj, written, A.H. 752, by Jamal 
(or Shihab) al-DIn Abu Mahmud Ahmad B. 
Muh. B. Ibrahim B. Hilal al-Makdisi, who 
was a teacher attached to the Madrasah al- 
Tunguziyyah, Jerusalem, and died in Cairo, 
A.H. 765. See Uns al-Jalil, Add. 9974, 
fol. 182a; Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, 
no. 425 ; the Ley den Catalogue, no. 807 ; 
Houtsma, no. 188 ; the Paris Catalogue, no. 
1667 ; and the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 125. Both works are noticed by Guy 
Le Strange, Journal of the R. Asiatic Society, 
1887, pp. 25052. 

501. 

Or. 3705. Foil. 209 ; 7f in. by 5 ; 13 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in large and coarse Neskhi, 
apparently in the 18th century. 

[BUDGE.] 

I. Foil. 1148. t_i-.y. LeS, The History 
of Joseph, by Muhammad B. Abi '!-' Abbas 
Ahmad al-Mukri. 



Beg. 



Having found a history of Yusuf, the 
author of which he did not know, and being 
much pleased with it, the writer decided to 
transcribe it, and to enlarge it with suitable 
narratives and with verses composed by his 
father, Ibn al-Mukri. 

The introduction begins with the story of 
the questions which the Arabs, prompted by 
the Jews, put to Muhammad in order to test 



LIFE OF MUHAMMAD. 



301 



his divine inspiration. They relate to Dul- 
karnain, to al-Ruh, and to Yusuf. This is 
followed by praises of the Goran and by a 
statement of the rewards promised to those 
who read it. The author's additions consist 
mostly of copious anecdotes relating to saints 
and Sufis, inserted in the course of the main 
story. The close of each such digression 
is marked by the rubric : 1*>&\ J\ Uwj-j 

II. Foil. I486 2016. A commentary on 
Surat Yusuf, extracted from Tafsir 'Ain, 



with the heading : 



A.nJL>> 



Beg. 



J-s, 



_fl-*jj 



Us 



III. Foil. 202a 209. 
Story of the camel who came to Muhammad 
to complain of the cruelty of his master. 

Beg. 4JJ 



o/ Muhammad. 

502. 

Or. 1617. Foil. 252; lOin. byGJ; 341ines, 
5^ in. long ; written in close and well- 
shaped Neskhi, occasionally supplied with 
vowels ; dated 11 Sha'ban, A.H. 564 (A.D. 
1169). 



History of the warlike expeditions of 
Muhammad, by Muhammad B. 'Umar al- 
Wakidi, who died A.H. 207. 

This valuable MS., the only known com- 



plete copy of the work, has been fully de- 
scribed by Dr. W. Wright, who gave a 
facsimile of its last page in the Oriental 
Series of the P allograph ical Society, Plate 
xlviii., and by Dr. J. Wellhausen in his 
preface to the condensed German translation 
of the work, mainly based upon the present 
copy, pp. 5 8. 

On the first page is written the following 
title by the same hand as the text : i 



* 



JJLfr 



The text begins with the following Isnad : 

J\5 
JVS 

\J^ wVi> 



JjJ\ t-Jji 
USj- JIS 



&JJ1 



Hence it appears that the text was handed 
down by the following four men, all well- 
known traditionists who lived in Baghdad. 
Taken from the author downwards, they are : 

1. Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. ShujV al-Thalji 
(so called from his ancestor Thalj B. *Amr), 
who received it from the author. He was 
born A.H. 181, and died A.H. 266. Al- 
Khatib al-Baghdadi calls him the legist of 
Irak in his day, but adds that he was con- 
demned by Ibn Hanbal and other rigid 
Sunnis as a heretic and garbler of tradi- 
tions. See Ta'rikh Baghdad, Add. 23,320, 
fol. 686; al-Sam'ani, fol. 116; and Kainus, 
vol. i., p. 223. 

2. Abu'l-Kasim 'Abd al-Wahhab B. 'Isa 
B. 'Abd al-Wahhab Ibn Abi Hayyah, who 
is mentioned in the Ta'rikh Baghdad, I.e., 
among those who received traditions from 



302 



HISTORY. 



al-Thalji. He was the Warrak (librarian 
or copyist) of al-Jahiz, and one of the authori- 
ties of Ibn Hayyuyah. He died in Sha'ban, 
A.H. 319 (a year after the reading recorded 
in the above Isnad). See al-Sam'ani, fol. 
580a. 

3. Abu 'Umar Muh. B. al-'Abbas Ibn 
Hayyuyah al-Khazzaz, the well-known editor 
of the Tabakat Ibn Sa'd (Or. 3010), who was 
born A.H. 295, and died A.H. 382. See 
Ta'rikh Baghdad, Add. 23,320, fol. 2216. 

4. Abu Muh. al-Hasan B. 'AH al-Jauhari, 
also called al-Farisi because his family came 
from Shiraz, who was born in Baghdad 
A.H. 363, and died there A.H. 454. He 
had received traditions from Ibn Hayyuyah 
and others. See al-Sam'ani, fol. 144a ; 
Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 50, fol. 476; and 
Hammer, Literaturgeschichte, vol. vi., p. 
232. 

The text published by Baron von Kremer 
in the Bibliotheca Indica, Calcutta, 1856, 
from a MS. acquired by him in Damascus, 
corresponds with the first third of the present 
MS. It agrees with it down to the 18th 
line of p. 360, the last words being ( _^>j 
^ (_5#" t_r^ lijJ3& JSi' * ^.j],^, which are 
found in the 23rd line of fol. 856 of our MS. 
The remaiuing portion of the printed text 
is an abridgment of comparatively little 
value. 

The Biwayat of the Kremer MS. adds a 
fifth link to the catena above given, namely, 
Abu Bakr Muh. B. 'Abd al-Baki B. Muh. 
al-Ansari, with whom Ibn al-Tarrah, who is 
not otherwise known, read the work A.H. 532. 
See Kremer's preface, p. 6. 

This Abu Bakr Muh. B. 'Abd al-Bak'i al- 
Ansari is mentioned by Ibn Nuktah as having 
received traditions from al-Hasan B. 'Ali al- 
Jauhari, and is probably the anonymous writer 
of the Isnad of the present MS. He was born 



A.H. 442, lived in al-Nasriyyah, a suburb of 
Baghdad (Yakut, vol. iv., p. 786), and died 
A.H. 535. See Ibn Nuktah, fol. 316. 

Another MS., the third of the copies known 
in Europe, Add. 20,737, is described in the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 419. It contains the 
first half of the work, but wants the first 
page. Its beginning corresponds with the 
22nd line of fol. 26 of the present MS., and 
its end with the 12th line of fol. 127a. Its 
Isnad comprises only the first three links of 
the above catena, namely, Muhammad (Ibn 
Hayyuyah), 'Abd al-Wahhab (Ibn Abi Hayyah) 
and Muhammad (B. Shuja' al-Thalji). 

Al-Khatlb al-Baghdadi has devoted in his 
Ta'rikh Baghdad a very full notice to al- 
Wakidi, Add. 23,320, foil. 174181, from 
which we learn that he made it a point to 
personally visit the scene of all the battles 
recorded in his book. From it we also see 
that, in spite of his vast renown for learning, 
al-Wakidi was reproved by Ibn Hanbal, al- 
Shafi'i, and other strict traditionists, as a 
garbler and a liar. Severe judgments passed 
upon him by high authorities are recorded 
by Ibn al-Jauzi, Kitab al-lJu'afa (Or. 2711, 
fol. 68a), and by al-Dahabi, Mizan al-I'tidal 
(Or. 4587, fol. 223). For other notices of 
al-Wakidi's life and works, see Ibn Kutaibah, 
p. 258 ; the Fihrist, p. 98 ; al-Sam'ani, Add. 
23,355, fol. 5776 ; 'Uyun al-Athar, Or. 3015, 
foil. 68 ; Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's transla- 
tion, vol. iii., p. 61 ; Lib. Classium, vii., 
no. 17 ; Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 
43 ; Hammer, Literaturgeschichte, vol. iii., 
p. 403 ; and Sprenger, Leben des Moham- 
mad, vol. iii., pp. Ixvii. and Ixxi. 

The present MS. was written in the city 
of al-JazIrah (^.^ *J^>*0 by Abu '1-Barakat 
B. 'Isa B. Abi Ya'la. Although it is stated 
at the end to have been four times collated 
by 'Abd al-Wahid B. 'Abd al-Rahman al- 
Arihawi al-Shafi'i, A.H. 924930 (see the 



LIFE OF MUHAMMAD. 



303 



facsimile), the translator, Dr. Wellhausen, 
does not think highly of its correctness, and 
says that it is not so good as it looks. 

On the title-page are several notes of 
successive possessors (including the above 
collator) from Ahmad B. Muh. B. Ahmad 
al-Khalidi, A.H. 655, to 'Umar B. 'Abd al- 
Wahhab al-'Urdi al-Halabi, A.H. 1013. This 
last was Mufti of Halab, and died A.H. 1024. 
See Khulasat al-Athar, Add. 23,370, fol. 546. 
The first European owner of the MS. was 
Theodore Preston, the translator of Hariri's 
Makamat, who wrote on a slip pasted on the 
first page : " Ex libris Theodori Preston, 
Coll. L. S. Trin. Cant. Socii. Empsi Halebis, 
Id. Aug. A.D. 1847." 



503. 

Or. 3938. Foil. 106 ; 10$ in. by 7J ; about 
21 lines, 5 in. long ; written in fair, but 
sparingly-pointed, Neskhi, apparently in the 
14th century. [GLASER, no. 232.] 



The life of Muhammad, by 'Abd al-Malik 
B. Hisham, who died A.H. 213 or 218. See 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 420. 

This is the second volume of a copy 
consisting of four. It contains five of the 
original twenty sections, viz., Juz 6 10 ; 
but it is imperfect at the beginning, and 
has some internal Iacuna3. The extant por- 
tions correspond with the following pages of 
Wustenfeld's edition : pp. 264354, 356- 
359, 368528, 531540. 

The work has been translated into German 
by G. Weil, Stuttgart, 1864. For other 
copies, see "Wustenfeld's edition, vol. ii., 
p. 48 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1948 50 ; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 70, 



504. 



Or. 3594. Foil. 170 ; 9f in. by 6$ ; 21 lines, 
4| in. long ; written in large and bold Neskhi, 
with frequent omission of the diacritical 
points ; dated 26 Muharram, A.H. 775 
(A.D. 1373). '[H. C. REICHAEDT.] 



The full historical and grammatical com- 
mentary of Abu '1-Kasim (or Abu Zaid) 'Abd 
al-Rahman B. 'Abdallah B. Ahmad al-Khath- 
'ami al-Suhaili (who died A.H. 581) upon 
the preceding work. See the Arabic Cata- 
logue", p. 5826. 

On the first page is the following title, 
written by the same hand as the text : 



U 



To the notices of the author and work 
mentioned in the Arabic Catalogue, I.e., 
note b, may be added the following : Bugh- 
yat al-Multamis, Bibliotheca Arabico-Hispana, 
vol. iii., p. 354 (where he is said to have died 
in Morocco, A.H. 583) ; Ta'rikh al-Islam, 
Or. 52, fol. 4; Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, 
no. 272; Casiri, vol. ii., p. 1316; and Hammer, 
Literaturgesch., vol. vii., p. 698. For other 
copies, see Zeitschrift der D. Morg. Ges., 
vol. viii., p. 577, vol. xl., p. 309 ; the Paris 
Catalogue, nos. 1960 63 ; the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., p. 61 ; and Houtsma, no. 215. 

This is the first of a set of four volumes 
comprising the entire work. It corresponds 
with foil. 2 69i of the copy complete in one 



304 



HISTORY. 



volume, Add. 23,314, described in the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 582. The portion of the text 
explained in it extends from p. 3 to p. 131 
of Wiistenfeld's edition. 

The copyist calls himself Muhammad B. 
Ahmad B. 'Abd al-Kawi B. Muh. B. al- 
Hasan al-Kusi (from Kus, a town of Upper 
Egypt). To the colophon is added a record, 
partly obliterated, of a collation of the MS. 
with two early copies. It was completed on 
the 26th of Safar of the year of transcription, 
viz. A.H. 775. Lower down are the following 
lines, written by another hand, apparently 
about the same time : 

iN *) ^ [sic] jp. 



This Abu Bakr B. Kutlubugha, to whom 
the MS. belonged, was probably a son of the 
great Emir Kutlubugha al-Nasiri al-Fakhri, 
who was put to death A.H. 743 or 744. See 
Orientalia, vol. ii., p. 378, and al-Durar al- 
Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 39. 

A leaf prefixed to the volume contains a 
piece of eighteen verses in praise of the 
work, transcribed from another copy. 



505. 

Or. 3595. Foil. 166; uniform with the 
preceding; 21 lines, 4f in. long; written in 
fine large Neskhi, with all diacritical points ; 
dated 7 Safar, A.H. 775 (A.D. 1373). 

[H. C. REICHARDT.] 

The second volume of the same work, 
beginning with the rubric : jKil 

b 



It corresponds with foil. 696 1556 of 
Add. 23,314, and extends from p. 131 
to p. 327 of Wiistenfeld's edition of the 
Sirah. 



Copyist : 

The collation was completed, as stated in 
another handwriting at the end, in Rabi' I., 
A.H. 775, in the town of Kus. 



506. 

Or. 3596. Foil. 162; uniform with Or. 
3594, and written by the same hand. 

[H. C. RKICBARDT.] 

The third volume of the same work, 
beginning with the rubric : J*-j jc &\ ^\ 



It corresponds with foil. 1566 228o. of 
Add. 23,314. 

The text explained extends from p. 327 
to p. 667 of the printed edition of the Sirah. 

The collation was finished in Kus on the 
9th of Rabi c II., A.H. 775. 



507. 

Or. 3597. Foil. 151; uniform with the 
preceding, but written by another hand ; 
19 lines, 4J in. long. [H. C. REICHAEDT.] 

The fourth volume of the same work, 
beginning with the rubric : 



The contents correspond with foil. 228o 
3036 of Add. 23,314, and the portion of the 
text included extends from p. 668 of the 
printed edition of the Sirah to the end. 

The collation was completed on the 16th 
of Rabl< I., A.H. 775. 

The last leaf is a fragment of another 
MS., written about the same time. It relates 
to Muhammad's expedition to Tabuk, and to 
the letter which he sent from thence through 
Dihyah to the Kaisar. 



LIFE OF MUHAMMAD. 



508. 



Or. 2807. Foil. 172 ; lOJin.byGf; 17 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in bold and rather 
cursive, but distinct, Neskhi, with a sprink- 
ling of vowels, apparently in the 13th 
century. [A. GHANDOUR BEY.] 



A collection of historical notices, relating 
for the most part to Muhammad and his 
time, and to the ancient Arabs, by Muhammad 
B. Habib. 



J 



l J\3 
( __>\ 



Mil yP 

\ JIS 



Muh. B. Habib (Habib was the name of 
his mother), a freedman of the Banu Hashim, 
and native of Baghdad, was deeply versed 
in the genealogies and history of the Arabs. 
He received traditions mainly from the noted 
genealogist, Hisham B. Muh. al-Kalbi, and 
his principal pupil was Abu Sa'id al-Sukkari. 
According to the latter's statement, he died 
in Surrman-ra, seven nights before the end 
of Du'1-Hijjah, A.H. 245. Al-Khatib al- 
Baghdadi, from whom the above is taken 
(Ta'rikh Baghdad, Add. 23,320, fol. 166), 
designates him as the author of Kitab al- 

Muhabbar, ^*- L-jlJiS t^j^U? t*iJ>- ^ <*+*?, 
that being, apparently, the best known of his 
numerous works, a full list of which will be 
found in the Fihrist, vol. i., p. 106. For 
other notices of the author see Bughyat al- 
Wu'at, Or. 3042, fol. 17; Fliigel, Gram- 
matische Schulen, p. 67 ; Wiistenfeld, Ge- 
schichtschreiber, no. 59; and Hammer, 
Literaturgeschichte, vol. iii., p. 395. 

The title of the work has been misread 



305 

(see Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 435). It 
is, however, written as above, Jj^\ by the 
hand of the copyist at the beginning of the 
present MS. ; and in the fine old copy of the 
Ta'rikh Baghdad, I.e., it is written in three 
places j**?\ with the distinctive mark 
under the _. That word is apparently 
the passive participle of JL>-, " he beautified," 
as defined in the Kamus, vol. i., p. 492 : 



Abu Sa'Id al-Hasan B. al-Husain al- 
Sukkari, who, as stated in the above begin- 
ning, handed down the text of the present 
work, is a well-known grammarian and 
commentator of the old poets. He was 
born A.H. 212, and died A.H. 275, or, 
according to al-Zubaidi, quoted by al-Suyuti, 
A.H. 290. See Bughyat al-Wu'at, Or. 3042, 
fol. 1146. The latter date is confirmed by 
Ibn Kani', quoted by al-Kifti; see the 
Leyden Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 8, note. Ibn 
al-Athir, vol. vii., p. 304, says that he died 
A.H. 275, or 270 (probably for 290). The 
present MS. seems to favour the later of the 
above dates ; for the account of the 'Abba- 
sides is there brought down, probably by al- 
Sukkari, to A.H. 279. Compare Fihrist, 
p. 78 ; Fliigel, Grammatische Schulen, p. 89 ; 
and Hammer, Literaturgeschichte, vol. iv., 
p. 396. 

In the following statement of the contents 
only a few of the shortest and least important 
sections have been omitted : 

Chronology of the prophets from Adam to 
Muhammad, and their ages, fol. 46 ; chrono- 
logical sketch of Muhammad's life, fol. la ; 
chronology of the Khalifs and of the pil- 
grimages performed by their order, from 
Abu Bakr to the accession of al-Mu'tadid, 
A.H. 279 (the last portion, although ascribed 
in the MS. to Muh. Ibn Habib, is probably 
B B 



306 



HISTORY. 



due to the editor, al-Sukkari) ; men who had 
a likeness to the Prophet, fol. 196 ; noble 
female ascendants of the Prophet (^3\^ 
d\ ^yj ^Jj ,J>\j^) **; daughters of the 
Prophet, of the Khalifs, and of the principal 
Companions, and their husbands, fol. 21a; 
brotherhoods instituted by Muhammad among 
his Companions, fol. 266 ; envoys sent by 
him to kings and chiefs, fol. 286 ; wives of 
the Prophet, fol. 29a ; men who married 
sisters of the Prophet's wives (this relation 
is expressed by i_i5L, plural (_J}LJ, a word 
not found in dictionaries), fol. 37 a; campaigns 
of the Prophet, (J ^\ t=j\j}fr, fol. 41 a ; expedi- 
tions sent by him, bl^**>, fol. 43a ; generals of 
the Prophet, &c., fol. 46a ; chiefs or judges 
of the Arabs, jyM (&-, fol. 48a ; men noted 
for liberality in the time of idolatry, d^' 
LJjblii, fol. 496, and in the period of Islam, 
fol. 53a ; free-thinkers of the tribe of Kuraish, 
(jij^S Ls'jUj, fol. 58 ; noblemen, i_J^^ of 
Kuraish and allied tribes, fol. 59a ; men who 
renounced idolatry before the Mission of 
Muhammad, fol. 615; boon-companions among 
the Kuraishites, (J^.j Ax.^3, fol. 62a; tribes 
designated as (j-Ji JA, ^ Ji\j3> and JAjS 
ijJJaM, fol. 64a ; Imams of the Arabs, fol. 656 ; 
women who wished for the death of the 
Prophet, &c., fol. 665 ; celebrated champions 

in the time of idolatry, jAlil ti)\ii, fol. 69a, 
and in Muslim times, fol. 776 ; men who 
declared wine and divining arrows unlawful 
before the Islam, fol. 856 ; Arabs noted for 
perfidy, fol. 880. ; great leaders of armies, 
&c., fol. 89a. Chamberlains, ^^", of the 
Prophet and of the Khalifs, fol. 93a ; 
famous markets of the Arabs, fol. 946 ; 
Nakibs of the Prophet, fol. 96a ; men who 
witnessed Badr, &c., fol. 986 ; men who slew 
Ka'b B. al-Ashraf and Ibn Abi'l-Hukaik, 
&c., fol. lOOa ; men who collected the Goran 
in the Prophet's time, &c., fol. lOla ; freed- 
men who fought at Badr, fol. 1026 ; men who 



fought with 'Ali at the battle of the Camel 
and at Siffin, fol. 1026; noted blind men, 
lepers, one-eyed men, &c., fol. 105a ; sons 
of Christian and Abyssinian women, fol. 
108a ; customs of the idolatrous times, some 
of which were kept up in the Islam, fol. 1096 ; 
slaves who bought their freedom iu Basrah, 

tjad\ ^jrf^ U-A fol. 1216 ; Arabs noted for 
good faith, &c., fol. 123a ; kings of al-HIrah, 
fol. 1266; Muluk al-Tawa'if, fol. 1276; kings 
of Himyar, fol. 1286, of Kindah, fol. 130a, 
of Ghassan, fol. 1306. Commanders of the 

Khalifs' guard, Talil \>j ^^\ fol. 1316 ; 
eminent secretaries, fol. 133a ; noted simple- 
tons, fol. 134a ; cause of the confusion of 
tongues, and genealogy of Noah's descend- 
ants, fol. 135a; kings who ruled the whole 
world, Jayumart, &c., according to Ibn al- 
Kalbi, fol. 1375; women who remained faithful 
to theirfirst husbands and did not marry again, 
&c., fol. 1386; women who pledged their faith 
to the Prophet, according to al-Wakidi, fol. 
1416 ; women noted for fidelity, fol. 151a ; 
women who married three husbands or more, 

fol. 1516 ; mothers of worthy sons, OL*^ 
UJJ) ^, fol. 1576; Nakibs of Israel, fol. 
1606, of the Banu 'Abbas, fol. 161a ; Nim- 
rods and Pharaohs, ib. ; the false Muslims, 

^^aiUl), fol. 1616 ; celebrated teachers and 
legists, fol. 164a ; men who were crucified, 

H 

^^LoU, fol. 1656 ; men whose heads were 
pilloried, fol. 169a ; men noted for fleeing 
from the foe, &$&, fol. 1706. 



The MS. breaks off before the end of the 
last section. At the bottom of the last page 
is a note, dated A.H. 751, from which it 
appears that the MS. was already imperfect 
at that time. 

A notice of al-Sukkari on the title-page, 
and a full table of contents on two inserted 
leaves, are by a modern hand. 



LIFE OF MUHAMMAD. 



307 



509. 

Or. 3014 Foil. 254; 12J in. by 8J; 17 
lines, 6J in. long ; written in large and 
angular Persian Neskhi, apparently in the 
llth century. [KEEMER, no. 11.] 



A life of Muhammad, by Abu Sa'd 'Abd 
al-Malik B. Abi 'Uthrnau al-Wa'iz. 



Beg. 



Abu Sa'd 'Abd al-Malik B. Abi 'Uthman 
Muhammad B. Ibrahim al-Khargushi, devotee 
and preacher, was so called from Khargush, 
a street (*>) of Naishapur in which he lived. 
He was noted for his pious life and his 
charity. After visiting, in search of sacred 
traditions, Irak, Egypt, and the Hijaz, where 
he stayed many years, he returned to his 
native place, where, although supporting 
himself by manual labour, he found means 
to build a Madrasah and a hospital. He 
died in Naishapur in Jumada L, A.H. 407. 
In jurisprudence he was a disciple of the 
great Shafi'i doctor, Abu 1-Hasan Muh. B. 
'Ali al-Masarjisi (d. A.H. 384). He left a 
work entitled t^\ Jftb (the present work), 
a Tafsir, a Kitab al-Zuhd, and some other 
writings. See Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 49, fol. 
59o; al-Isnawi, Add. 3037, fol. 606. Al- 
Sam'ani, who gives A.H. 406 for the year of 
his death (fol. 195J), is followed by Yakut, 
vol. ii., pp. 425, 421, and by Haj. Khal., 
vol. iv., p. 44. 

The author does not give any specific title 
to the work. He merely describes its subject 
in the preamble by the words Sharaf al-Nabi : 

>\ J\S 



Li 



i L-. 



J-o ( _ r w 



.J 



The work is designated by various names, 
vz., SjfiN Jhb i-^li^ by al-Dahabi, ^ u_>\JL^ 
xJj\ Jj^Jj by al-Sam'ani, i^fi)\ ti^l by Muhibb 
al-DIn Ahmad B. 'Abdallah al-Tabari (d. 
A.H. 694 ; see the Leyden Catalogue, vol. iv., 
p. 80), and ^.Vi^U <^> by Haj. Khal., vol. 
iv., p. 44. At the end of the present copy 
it is designated by a later hand as uAi 



It is not so much a detailed biography as 
a compilation of Hadiths designed for the 
glorification of the Prophet and the edifica- 
tion of the faithful. The author gives at 
the beginning of every chapter (Bab) an 
Isnad, or catena, in support of such tradi- 
tions as he had received viva voce ; but 
further on he quotes freely, without any 
Isnad, Ibn 'Abbas, Wahb B. Munabbih, and 
other early traditionists, as well as later 
writers such as Muh. Ibu Ishak and al- 
Wakidi (see foil. 2106, 94a, 184a). Among 
the traditionists from which he received 
oral communications, the following are those 
whose names most frequently occur: 1. Abu 
'Amr Muh. B. Ja'far B. Muh. B. Matar (a 
disciple of Ibrahim B. Yusuf al-Hisanjani > 
who died A.H. 301 ; v. Sam'ani, fol. 5906, 
and Yakut, vol. iv., p. 975), foil. 40, 43, 67, 
222; 2. Abu'l-Husain Yahya B. al-Husain 
al-Muttalibi, Imam of the Masjid of Medina, 
fol. 201, 202, 204, 216 ; 3. Abu '1-Fadl Ja'far, 
B. al-Fadl, Wazir of Kafur, whom the author 
met inMecca (Ibn al-Furat, who died A.H. 391; 
see Kamil, vol.ix., p. 120), foil. 20, 206 ; 4. Abu 
'Amr Muh. B. Sahl B. Hilal al-Bushti, whom 
the author met in Mecca A.H. 376, foil. 160, 
184; 5. Abu 'Ali Hamid B. Muh. B. 'Abd- 
allah al-Harawi (called al-Raffa, who died 
in Herat A.H. 356; v. Ibn Nuktab, Or. 
856, fol. 876), foil. 163, 208. The dates of 
r: K 2 



308 



HISTORY. 



such communications are occasionally men- 
tioned. They range from A.H. 347 to 376. 
The work was probably written after A.H. 384. 
The author's master, al-Miisarjisi, who died 
in that year, is spoken of as dead, fol. 197a. 

Prefixed to the work is a table of contents 
written by the same hand as the text, foil. 
2 5, with the exception of the first thirteen 
headings, which have been supplied by a 
much later hand, foil. 16. From this table 
it appears that the MS. has lost much of its 
original contents. The headings of the ex- 
tant chapters are as follows (we omit, for 
brevity's sake, the word <_. >b at the beginning 
of each, and the formula &!& <dJ\ J-a which 
invariably follows the Prophet's name) : 



Fol. la. 
Fol. 20a. 
Fol. 27a. 



w \ J\ 



i:y 



Fol. 406. 
Fol. 43a. 
Fol. 57a. 
Fol. 64a. 
Fol. 676. JVS 



Fol. 73a. 
Fol. 736. 
Fol. 



Fol. 76a. 



Fol. 766. 

Fol. 906. fy\ j (on parallelisms between 
Muhammad and other prophets). 

Fol. 966. 
Fol. 112a. 

[Here no fewer than forty-five Babs are 
wanting. They related, according to 
the table of contents, to the genealogy 
and relatives of Muhammad, to his 
children and wives, to the prophecies 
of Satlh and Shikk, and to the first 
converts to Islamism.] 

Fol. 152a. 
Fol. 1606. 
Fol. 163a. 
Fol. 167a. 

[The account of 'Abdallah B. al-Zubair, 
which, according to the table, forms a 



part of the Ji <_>b, is transferred in 



the text to fol. 175a.] 

Fol. 182a. 
vol. L, p. 329). 

Fol. 184a. 
Fol. 18 5a. 



(v. Kiimil, 



Fol. 193a. ^ 

Fol. 197a. 

Fol. 201o. 

[Three chapters mentioned in the table, 
and relating to the conversion of the 
Medinese, to the additions made to the 



LIFE OF MUHAMMAD. 



309 



*^-* 5 l^j <j V 
* U 



mosque of the Prophet, and to the in- 
scriptions upon it, are omitted in the 
text.] 

Fol. 202<z. 2uS)\ J^aJ ^ U U 



Fol. 203a. (the moaning post) liUii Jj U U 

Fol. 203J. ^\ J\jj\ Cj}^ j U U, 

Fol. 204o. sl]l (jA*>. '_"-*** &A!\J '_"-** /i l- I* 

Fol. 205a. cj^iJ\ L-^^jj^ll iVu ^ !> U 

Fol. 2056. iLH5\ (perfume 

Fol. 206a. 

Fol. 2086. 

Fol. 210a. 

Fol. 2166. ad* 

Fol. 219a. 

Fol. 222a. 

Fol. 2256. f \$\ j 

Fol. 238a. 

Fol. 2526. 

Spaces reserved for drawings of the Haram 
and of the mosque of Medina, foil. 190, 207, 
have not been filled in. The original 
writing ends abruptly with fol. 252. The 
next following leaves, written by a later 
hand, reproduce the last page of the pre- 
ceding folio, and give the conclusion of 
the work. 

The MS. appears to have been brought at 
an early date to Damascus. At the end of 
the table of contents is a note written appa- 
rently by a former owner, and now obliterated, 
in which the words j^u.i *\- ,JU^ are still 
distinctly legible. A later possessor, Hasan 



V U 
d \ 



al-Hanafi, has written over it a record of 
purchase dated A.H. 815. 



510. 

Or. 3012. Foil. 260; 8 in. by 5 ; 23 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in plain and distinct 
Neskhi, with occasional vowels ; dated 
Arrajan, 22 Rabi' II., A.H. 590 (AD. 1194). 

[KBEMER, no. 9.] 



" Proofs of Muhammad's prophetic mis- 
sion ; " by Abu Nu'aim Ahmad B. 'Abdallah 
B. Ahmad al-Hiifiz. 

Beg. 



Abu Nu'aim al-Isbahani was regarded by 
general consent as the greatest traditionist 
of his age. Born in Isfahan, A.H. 336, he 
proceeded A.H. 356 to Baghdad, and visited 
subsequ; ;ntly Basrah, Kufah, and Naishapur, 
gathering everywhere traditions from the 
best authorities. He died, at the age of 94 
lunar years, on the 20th of Muharram, 
A.H. 430, leaving the following works : 

1. **jJ* f^*; 2. *Uj-j\ LJ* (v. Leyden 
Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 298 ; Zeitschrift der 
D. Morg. Ges.,vol. viii., p. 555); 3. ibU 
4. ^juJ\ Jj^b (the present work) ; 5. 

J* 5 6. jJL* ,> tJ *-U (no. 137) ; 7. ^,\3 
l4-e\ jdkb (Leyden Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 316). 
8. S* iLo; 9. Ll^^ jJUi. See Ta'rikh 
al-Isliim, Or. 49, fol. 153; Ibn Nuktah, 
Or. 836, fol. 52 ; Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's 
translation, vol. i., p. 74; Lib. Classium, 
xiii., no. 62; and Wiistenfeld, Geschicht- 
schreiber, no. 187. 

The scope and character of the work may 
be gathered from the first words of the 



310 



HISTORY. 



preface : 



U 



j 
ads- 



j*iM 



The author speaks but seldom in his own 
name. Following, like Tabari, the cumbrous 
method of traditionists, he gives one Isnad 
or more for every statement, as well as for 
each of the various versions of one and the 
same fact. The work is divided into thirty- 
five chapters (Fasl), a table of which is given 
at the end of the preface, foil. 4b 6a. 

The present MS. is designated as the first 
volume in the following title, written by the 
same hand as the text : <_jU^ ^ Jj"$\ 



It contains 

the first twenty-two chapters, the Arabic 
headings of which have been given by Baron 
von Kremer in his catalogue, pp. 10 11. 

The contents are as follows : Preface, 
containing a definition of the prophetic office, 
xjjj, of the terms Nabi and Rasul, and setting 
forth the essential attributes of the prophets, 
fol. 26 ; table of chapters, fol. 45. Fasl I. 
Prerogatives of the Prophet, according to 
the divine book, his distinctive attributes, 
denied to other prophets ; how he was made 
a prophet before the creation of Adam was 
accomplished, fol. 6a. II. His noble birth 
and his genealogy. III. His names and 
their significance as to his superiority. 

IV. How God swore by the Prophet's life 
that Muhammad should be the only Lord of 
the sons of Adam on the day of resurrection, 
and that he and his people excel all others. 

V. How knowledge of the Prophet reached 
the kings of Yemen, who were expecting his 



advent before his birth. VI. How it reached 
the kings of Rum and the monks, and how 
they spoke of him before his birth and mis- 
sion and after them. VII. How it spread 
to the kings of Persia, and how they were 
looking forward to him. VIII. How voices 
proceeding from genii and from idols, and 
utterances of soothsayers, foretold his mis- 
sion. IX. How he was mentioned and 
described in the revealed books of old by 
prophets and sages, and how his advent was 
foretold. 

The headings of the preceding chapters, 
from II. to IX., are not found in the body 
of the volume, that portion being defective 
and confused. The following is a translation 
of the subsequent headings as they appear 
in the text : X. How his father wedded his 
mother, Aminah B. Wahb, and how that 
marriage was the result of an announcement 
of his mission, fol. 76a. XI. Pregnancy and 
delivery of his mother, and the signs she saw 
foreboding his mission, fol. 78a. XII. What 
happened at his birth, his suckling, and signs 
of prophecy, fol. 866. XIII. What happened 
to the people of the Elephant, foreboding his 
mission, in the year of his birth, fol. 896. 
XIV. His youth and the vicissitudes of his 
life up to the time when God honoured him 
with the revelation and established him as a 
prophet, &c., fol. 98#. XV. His character 
and qualities, and the seal of prophecy between 
his shoulders, &c., fol. 114o. XVI. The special 
protection by which God guarded him from sin 
and idolatry, and defended him from the wiles 
of genii and men, fol. 115ft. XVII. Beginning 
of revelation, and how the angel appeared to 
him and imparted to him the inspired word, 
declaring that he came from God, and how 
the Prophet's breast was split open, fol. 1356. 
XVIII. How heaven was guarded against the 
eavesdropping of devils, in order to establish 
his divine mission and to give power to his 
predication, fol. 154a. XIX. Impression pro- 



LIFE OF MUHAMMAD. 



311 



duced by the Goran and Muhammad's gift 
of reading the hearts, through which many 
wise men were brought to Islam at their 
first meeting with him, fol. 157a; conversion 
of Abu Darr and of his brother Unais, fol. 
1 77a ; conversion of 'Amr B. 'Anbasah al- 
Sulami, fol. 1816 ; of Salman al-Farisi, fol. 
1826. XX. What passed between the Pro- 
phet and the idolators after he began to 
preach openly, and what happened to him 
until he fled, &c., fol. 1916 ; splitting of the 
moon, fol. 203a ; how the Prophet offered 
himself to the tribes of the Arabs, fol. 213a ; 
the first covenant of al-'Akabah, fol. 22i ) 6. 
XXI. How the Prophet fled from Mecca to 
Medina, and signs which appeared on the 
road, fol. 236a. XXII. How brutes and 
beasts of prey spoke, prostrated themselves 
before him, and complained to him, fol. 2536. 

The last heading is deceptive. Instead 
of the subject there announced, the next 
following pages contain an account of the 
missions of Dihyah al-Kalbi to Kaisar, and 
of 'Abdallah B. Hudafah to Kisra. They 
conclude with the story of Badan's message 
to Muhammad, and with the announcement 
by the latter of the death of Kisra (see 
Sprenger, Leben des Mohammad, vol. iii., 
p. 264). 

The writer of the MS., Abu 'Ali Mas'ud 
B. 'Ubaid Allah al-Kurashi al-Shafi'i, has 
transcribed on the title-page various Sanaa's, 
or certificates of reading, from which it ap- 
pears that the work had come down from the 
author to him through two intermediate links, 
viz., 1. Abu Sa'd Muh. B. Abi 'Abdallah Muh. 
al-Mutarriz, who had it from the author; 
(this traditionist died, upwards of ninety 
years old, A.H. 503 ; see Ta'rlkh al-Islam, 
Or. 49, fol. 154a ;) 2. Abu '1-Mutahhar al- 
Kasim B. al-Fadl al-Saidalani (al-Isbahani, 
who died upwards of ninety years of age, 
A.H. 567 ; v. Ibn Nuktah, fol. 147, and 
Ta'rlkh al-Islam, Or. 51, fol. 29), and Abu 



'Abdallah Muh. B. Abi Nu'aim Ahmad al- 
Haddad, both of whom had read the work 
with the above-named al-Mutarriz, A.H. 496. 
Mas'ud B. 'Ubaid Allah read the work before 
the two last-named Shaikhs, A.H. 566. The 
two latest Sama's, added by himself at be- 
ginning and end of the MS., record two 
readings performed in his presence, A.H. 590 
and 591, for the benefit of his daughters and 
sons. 

For other copies, see the Khedive's Library, 
vol. i., p. 226. 

511. 

Or. 3013. Foil. 203 ; 9 in. by 6 ; 23 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fair clear Neskhi, with 
occasional vowels, apparently in the 12th or 
13th century. [KEEMEE, no. 10.] 



Evidences of Muhammad's prophetic mis- 
sion, as displayed in his life ; by Ahmad B. 
al-Husain B. 'Ali al-Baihaki. 



Beg. J*j.j 



jl- 



Abu Bakr Ahmad B. al-Husain B. 'Ali B. 
Musa al-Baihaki al-Shafi'i, born A.H. 384 at 
Khusraujird (thus spelt by Sam'ani, fol. 198fi), 
chief town of the canton of Baihak, was the 
most eminent discipleof the great traditionist, 
al-Hakim al-Naisabiiri (v. Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 7366, note e), and is said to have surpassed 
his master. He visited Baghdad, Mecca, and 
Kufah in search of traditions, and was called, 
A.H. 441, as teacher to Naishapur, where he 
died on the 10th of Jumada I., A.H. 458. For 
his life and his numerous works, see Sam- 
'ani, fol. lOla; Ta'rlkh al-Islam, Or. 50, 
fol. 64; Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's translation, 
vol. i., p. 57 ; Yakut, vol. i., p. 806 ; Ibn Nuk- 
tah, Or. 836, fol. 50; al-Makdisi, Or. 3061, fol. 



312 



HISTOEY. 



145; al-Subki, Add. 23,361, fol. 58; and 
Lib. Classium, xiv., no. 13. 

The scope of the work is thus described 
in the preface, fol. 4o : x*s>-\ ^ <stt ixlUj 

* Uib U 



iViUa* jdi. U 



The MS. is designated in the following 
title, written by the same hand as the text, 
as the first volume of the work : 



The above-stated beginning of the text is 
preceded by this Eiwayat : \*$\ g 



J\5 i_^l^J\ \JA, from \\-hich it appears that 
the work had been handed down from the 
author to the anonymous editor by 'Abd al- 
Jabbar B. Muh. al-Khuwari. This 'Abd al- 
Jabbar, born in Khuwar, a town of the canton 
of Baihak, was a disciple of the author, and 
was attached as Imam to the Jami' of Nai- 
shapur. He died at the age of ninety-one, 
A.H. 536. See Muntaka'l-'Ibar, Or. 3006, 
fol. 277, and Yakut, vol. ii., p. 479. Sam'ani, 



fol. 210a, gives A.H. 533 or 534 as the date 
of his death. 

This first volume, which forms apparently 
the first half of the work, contains a copious 
and conveniently arranged collection of 
Hadiths bearing upon the life of Muham- 
mad from his birth to his arrival at Medina. 
Every tradition is preceded by a full Isnad. 

The following three traditionists are the 
authorities most frequently quoted : 1. The 
author's master, al-Hakim al-Naisaburi, desig- 
nated as Abu 'Abdallah Muh. B. 'Abdallah 
al-Hafiz ; 2. Ahmad B. al-Hasan al-Kadi 
(al-Hiri, so called from al-Hlrah, a suburb 
of JVaishapur ; he died A.H. 421 ; see Ibn 
Nuktah, fol. 486) ; 3. Abu '1-Husain B. al- 
Fadl al-Kattan" (Muh. B. al-Husain B. Muh. 
B. al-Fadl, who died at Baghdad, A.H. 415 ; 
see Ta'rlkh al-Islam, Or. 49, p. 96). 

The traditions are arranged in short sec- 
tions (Bab), with appropriate titles. These 
Babs are again grouped under comprehen- 
sive headings, four of which occur in the 
present volume, as follows : 

Tol. 4a. JbJj wiU <dJ\ ( J^> (J jJj\ Jy(_^\yl cU- 

This section comprises fourteen Babs re- 
lating to the birth of the Prophet, to the 
marriage of his parents, to his suckling, to 
his names and surnames, to his genealogy, 
to the death of his parents, and to the 
portents which accompanied his birth. 

Fol. 28a. 



Description of the person and character of 
the Prophet, in twenty-three Babs. 

Fol. 676. 



Life of Muhammad from his birth to his 
mission, in nine Babs. 



LIFE OF MUHAMMAD. 



313 



Fol. 95. 



cU>- 



Life of the Prophet, from the beginning of 
the revelations to the flight to Medina. 

This last section, which occupies the 
remainder of the volume, comprises a great 
number of Babs, relating to the first revela- 
tions, to the persecutions of the Prophet, to 
the first converts, to the emigration to Abys- 
sinia, to the Mi'raj, to the first and second 
covenant of al-'Akabah, &c. The concluding 
chapters relate to the Hijrah, and have the 
following headings : 

Fol. 1796. ^\ &A-Ua ** Ji^ .-jj^ <rjj** 
i . 1 1 it .1 



Fol. 1826. 



^Ju* 



4)1! 



Fol. 1855. \aij1, Js^lb 



Fol. 1866. 



Fol. 187o. 



< sjbJ-\ c_^b 



Fol. 1906. 

Fol. 1916. 

i UUaL 



cr vi)\ 



o 
J3\ obll^ .Jjp 



Jy v 1 *. 



Fol. 1926. 
i^ J 



U i_>b 



Fol. 193a. 



Fol. 1936. 



*^ uj 

U 



Fol. 197a. 



U U 



Fol. 1986. 



Fol. 199a, 



Fol. 201a. 






It is stated at the end that the next following 
chapter was to be *L \ i_> 1*^' U 



This valuable MS. appears to have been 
from an early date at Damascus. A former 
owner, Ibrahim al-Bika'i (a traditionist, who 
died in that city A.H. 885 (see Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 497), has written his 
name on the first page, with the date A.H. 
874. A note in the same handwriting at the 
end is a record of a collation completed 
A.H. 879. 

The last page contains a long Sama' 
stating that the book was read before the 

s s 



314 



HISTORY. 



Imam Jamal al-Dm Abu '1-Mahasin Yusuf 
B. <Abd al-Hadi al-Hanbali, in presence 
of numerous hearers, in the Salihiyyah of 
Damascus, A.H. 905. On the title-page 
the same Yusuf B. 'Abd al-Hadi wrote a full 
catena of the Shaikhs (mostly Damascene 
traditionists), through whom the work had 
been handed down from the author to him- 
self. 

Prefixed are tables of contents by two 
different hands, foil. lb, 2b. 

The Dala'il un-Nubuwwah of al-Baihaki 
is one of the authorities enumerated in the 
preface of al-Khamis by al-Diyarbakri. Several 
copies are mentioned in the Khedive's Library, 
vol. i., p. 225. 



512. 

Or. 301 5. Foil. 281; 11^ in. by 7f; 31 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in plain Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 16th century, with the excep- 
tion of foil. 14 and 278281, which have 
been supplied by a modern hand. 

[KEEMEE, no. 12.] 



J 



The well-known biography of Muhammad, 
by Fath al-Din Abu '1-Fath Muh. B. Muh. 
B. Muh. B. Ahmad al-Ya'mari al-Ishblli, 
known as Ibn Sayyid al-Nas, who was born 
in Cairo A.H. 671, and died there A.H. 734. 



Beg. 



A detailed life of the author is found in al- 
Durar al-Kaminah of Ibn Hajar, Or. 3044, 
foil. 121, 122. See also Husn al-Muhadarah, 
I., p. 202; Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 



400 ; and for other notices and copies of the 
work, the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 1715, 77la; 
Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, vol. iii., p. 365; 
the Leyden Catalogue, vol. v., p. 196 ; the 
Paris Catalogue, no. 1967; Rosen, MSS. 
arabes de 1'Institut, no. 40 ; Landauer, 
Strassburg Catalogue, no. 18 ; Brill's Cata- 
logue, 1886, no. 102; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., p. 91. 

An abridgment written by the author, and 
entitled ^^M J? i, is mentioned by Haj. Khal., 
vol. iv., p. 285. See also Uri, no. 345, 3; 
Sprenger, no. 126 ; Houtsma, no. 220 ; and 
the Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 172. 



513. 

Or. 3016. Foil. 58 ; 7f in. by 5$; 17 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
9 Rajab, A.H. 748 (A.D. 1347). 

[KEEMEE, no. 58.] 

A short life of Muhammad, with a sketch 
of the Khalif s, by 'Ala al-Dm Abu 'Abdallah 
Mughlatai, with the following heading : 



Beg. 



The author extracted it, at the request of 
the Kadi '1-Kudat Jalal al-Din, from his 
previous more extensive biography entitled 



He says in the preamble: J-ai\ i_->j3 



LIFE OF MUHAMMAD. 



315 



v,.v<!\ 



There are no divisions in the text. The 
life proper begins with an enumeration of 
the Prophet's names, and the narrative part 
ends with an account of his death and 
burial, foil. 40, 41. The next following 
pages relate to his freedmen, his servants, 
his arms and garments, his amanuensis, his 
wives, his character, the evidences of his 
supernatural power, his prophecies, and his 
prerogatives. The chronological sketch of 
the Khalifs, from Abu Bakr to al-Mu'tasim, 
taken from al-Tabari and others, occupies the 
remainder of the volume, foil. 48a 586. It 
concludes with the death of al-Mu'tasim, 
A.H. 656, and a short elegy on the devasta- 
tion of the Muslim lands by the Tartars. 

This copy was written in the author's life- 
time by Muh. B. Muh. B. al-Sa'igh. On the 
margin of the last page it is stated that the 
greater part of the MS. had been collated 
and read before the author : ibliu l$jJl & 

down is a notice of the reign of al-Muzaffar 
Haji, A.H. 747-8, dated A.H. 970. 

Both the original biography and the present 
abridgment are mentioned by Haj. Khal., 
vol. iii., p. 545, and vol. i., p. 308. For copies 
of the latter, see Aumer, Munich Catalogue, 
p. 185, and the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 9. Sirat Mughlatai is one of the authori- 
ties of al-Khamis. 



For notices of the author, 'Ala al-Din 
Mughlatai B. Kilij B. 'Abdallah al-Bakjari 
al-Hanafi (who was born A.H. 689, and died 
A.H. 762), see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 7786; 
al-Durar al-Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 146a ; 
Ibn Kutlubuga, p. 57 ; al-Ghuraf al-'Aliyyah, 
Or. 3046, foil. 2557; and Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 420. 

From a note on the first page it appears 
that the present copy was once bound up 
with the Mubhamat of al-Nawawi (v. Haj. 
Khal., vol. v., p. 369), and with a work 
entitled c^bi)l, ^^^ \3j>\j ^J^.\ <_ r >Ui', by 
l)iya.al-Dm al-Makdiai (Muh. B. 'Abd al- 
Wahid, d. A.H. 643; v. Haj. Khal, vol. i., 
p. 177). 

514. 

Or. 4281. Foil. 130; 8 in. by 5f ; 13 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in Neskhi, apparently in 
the 15th or 16th century. [ BUDGE.] 

A popular account of Muhammad's life, 
by Abu '1-Hasan al-Bakri, imperfect at the 
beginning. 

The title is written at the end of the first 
Juz, fol. 236, as follows : vlli' 
411 * 411 



The same title is found at the end of 
Juz II., fol. 286, of Juz III., fol. 36a, and 
of Juz V., fol. 546. 



Juz II. begins : 



The work is written (in the style of 
popular tales) in prose with occasional 
verses, and teems with the most fabulous 

s s 2 



316 



HISTORY. 



stories. It deals chiefly with the ancestors 
of Muhammad, with the wonders which ac- 
companied his birth and infancy, and with 
his early life. The original MS. breaks off 
in an account of the negotiations carried on 
by "Warkah with the Arabs for the marriage 
of Khadljah. Foil. 12330, supplied by 
a modern hand, contain an account of that 
marriage, and conclude with a description of 
the splendid ornaments with which Khadljah 
was bedecked on that occasion. 

The author loses no opportunity of glorify- 
ing Abu Talib, Fiitimah, and 'Ali, whose name 
is always followed by the Shi'ah formula, &*]& 
i^LJ^ He must have lived before A.H. 784, 
as shown by Pertsch, no. 1790. Haji Khalfah 
gives (vol. i., p. 483) the full name of the 
author, Abu '1-Hasan Ahmad B. 'Abdallah al- 
Bakri and the title in a more complete form : 



515. 

Or. 3608. Foil. 50 ; 10 in. by 7 ; 19 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in a cursive Persian 
character, with vowels, apparently in the 
17th century. 

A life of Muhammad, by Shams al-Dm 
Abu '1-Khair Muh. B. Muh. B. Muh. Ibn al- 

Jazari, with the heading : jJ^o ( 



u~* 



Beg. 



The author was born in Damascus, A.H. 
751. Having studied under the great doctors 
of Egypt, he rose to the first rank among the 



Koran-readers and traditionists. He was 
appointed Kadi of Damascus A.H. 793, and 
proceeded, A.H. 798, to the Court of Sultan 
Bayazid, in Brusa, where he was received with 
marked distinction. He was present at the 
Sultan's defeat by Tltnur, and fell into the 
hands of the victor, who treated him with 
regard, and took him to Transoxiana. After 
Timur's death, A.H. 807, he went to Herat, 
and thence to Shiraz, and was appointed 
Kadi of the latter city by its ruler, Pir 
Muhammad. He died there on the 5th of 
Rabl' I., A.H. 833. A very full account of 
his life and works, extracted from his auto- 
biography in the Tabakat al-Kurrii al-Sughra, 
will be found in the Shaka'ik al-NVman, Add. 
25,739, fol. 146. See also Inba al-Ghumr, 
Add. 7321, fol. 300; Liber Classium, xxiv., 
no. 5 ; Wustenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 
474; and the commentary upon Dat al- 
Shifa, no. 516, fol. 26. 

The nature of the work is described by the 
author in these concluding words : j>-~\ \'a> 3 

)J1 O +A\ de * ** UjofiJ U 



*i'iW\J 



There are no divisions in the text, but the 
chief subjects are marked in the margin. 
The Prophet's genealogy, his birth- and 
suckling, with their legendary surroundings, 
are dwelt upon at great length, foil. 2a 20a. 
Then follow the journey to Syria and the 
marriage with Khadljah, fol. 20a; the begin- 
ning of revelation, fol. 21a; the Hijrah and 
the subsequent events, fol. 236; the Prophet's 
death and burial, fol. 326 ; the usual account 
of his freedmen, servants, weapons, secre- 
taries, wives, children, &c., fol. 34a ; a de- 
scription of his person and character, fol. 
416 ; his prerogatives, fol. 43 a ; and his 
miracles, fol. 456. At the end the author 



LIFE OF MUHAMMAD. 



317 



explains why the birthday of the Prophet 
is not celebrated as a festival. But here the 
MS. breaks off, wanting probably a few lines 
only. 

In a few instances the author prefixes a 
full Isnad to such traditions as he had orally 
received. Among these is one which he 
heard from the lips of IJmm Muhammad 
Sitt al-'Arab in her dwelling on the slopes 
of mount Kasiyun, A.H. 766 (when he was 
only fifteen), fol. 5a. He also frequently 
quotes comparatively modern writers, as al- 
Suhaili (see no. 504) and Sulaiman B. 
Musa al-Kala'i, author of al-Iktifa (see 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 4216). 

Haj. Khal. mentions two works of Ibn al- 
Jazari on the same subject, viz., ^^U? < *i 
and its abridgment, entitled 
JjU? cJb^in ; see vol. ii., p. 318 ; 
vol. vi., p. 271 ; and vol. iv., p. 271. 
Neither of the above titles is found in the 
present MS. The commentator of Dat al- 
Shifa, no. 516, fol. 3a, speaks of three 
Maulids composed by Ibn al- Jazari in Mecca, 
either in prose or in verse. 

The margins contain additions from other 
works, and explanatory glosses in Arabic 
and Persian. 

516. 

Or. 2433. Foil. 283 ; 8J in. by 6 ; 16 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in small and close 
Neskhi; dated 7 Jumada II., A.H. 1272 
(A.D. 1856). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 



AiiJl ofc J* 

A commentary by Ibn al-Hajj, _\il ^, 
upon the versified life of Muhammad, entitled 
Uliij Lr xpJ\ 'iy^> Jj laJ\ O\5, by the author 
of the preceding work. 



. of the Comm. : U 



4) 



Beg. of the Life : 



A 

The whole poem is included in the com- 
mentary, not in entire lines, but in single 
words, or groups of two or three words, 
written in red ink. 

The dedication and the title are found in 
the following lines : 

i>\s- 



The commentator, who was less versed in 
profane than in sacred history, takes the 
" Muhammad, Lord of Sliiraz," mentioned in 
the preceding lines, for the Osmanli Sultan 
Muhammad B. Bayazid. The author's patron 
was evidently Pir Muhammad B. 'Umar 
Shaikh, who was viceroy of Fars under 
Timur and Shahrukh, A.H. 796812, and 
the dedication must have been written when 
Ibn al-Jazari took up his abode in Shiraz, 
after Timur's death (A.H. 807). 

The work itself, however, appears to have 
been written some years earlier, when the 
author was staying at Bayazid' s Court ; for 
in the epilogue the glorious victory gained 
by that Sultan over the Hungarians and 
their French allies before Nicopolis is 



318 



HISTORY. 



recorded as having taken place three days 
previously. The number of Baits of which 
the poem consists (1000), and the date of 
composition, the 25th Dulhijjah, A.H. 798, 
are stated in these verses : 



*-2?- 



(Jjj * ^ 



This would give the 23rd of Dulhijjah, 
A.H. 798, for the battle of Nicopolis, the 
precise date of which is still doubtful (see 
Hammer, Gesch. des Osm. Reiches, vol. i., 
pp. 240, 611). 

The Dat al-Shifa gives in a short compass 
a condensed history of Muhammad and of 
the first five Khalifs. It has no marked 
division, at least in the present copy. 

The principal subjects begin as follows : 
Genealogy of Muhammad, fol. 126. His 
birth and boyhood, fol. 276. His mission, 
fol. 536. The Hijrah and the following 
events related year by year, fol. 766. His 
death and burial, fol. 1316. Enumeration of 
his campaigns, of his names, wives, children, 
&c., fol. 137a. Description of his person, 
character, and habits, fol. 161 a. His miracles, 
fol. 1786. The first five Khalifs, from Abu 
Bakr to al-Hasan, fol. 194a. Epilogue, 
fol. 2776. 

The commentator, who only designates 
himself by the patronymic Ibn al-Hajj, says 
in the preface that, after vainly seeking for 
a commentary upon the Dat al-Shifa, he 
undertook, at the request of his friends, and 
after he had set out from his native land on 
his way to Syria and the Hijaz, to write one 
himself. He completed it, as he states at 
the end, on the 1 9th of Muharram, A.H. 1187. 
The commentary is very full, and conveys a 
great deal of additional information, derived 



from 'Uyun al-Athar (no. '512) and other 
works, enumerated in the margin of 2<z. 

Copyist : \&\ &\ <& ^ ^ 

A copy of the poem, and one of the com- 
mentary are noticed by Ahlwardt, Verzeich- 
niss, nos. 671-72. For another copy of Dat 
al-Shifa, see Houtsma, no. 223. 

517. 

Or. 3017. Foil. 350; 12 in. by 8 ; 25 and 
27 lines, 5 in. long ; written in Nestalik, 
apparently in the 16th century. 

[KEEMKE, no. 14.] 

[sic] { j^ i a^\ U-& J^l ^ ^^ 

The first half of the well-known compila- 
tion on the life of Muhammad, by Husain B. 
Muh. B. al-Hasan al-Diyarbakri, who died 
A.H. 966. See the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 424 and 584 ; the Vienna Catalogue, 
vol. ii., p. 343 ; Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, 
vol. iii., p. 372 ; Wiistenfeld, Geschicht- 
schreiber, no. 526 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., p. 50. 

This volume concludes with the fourth 
Mautan, or the account of the fourth year of 
the Hijrah. Its contents correspond with 
pp. 2 468 of the first volume of the edition 
printed in Cairo, A.H. 1283. The first three 
pages have been supplied by a modern hand 
in the Maghribi character. 

518. 

Or. 3008. Foil. 323; 12| in. by 8|; written 

in a fair Maghribi character, A.D. 1766 1770. 

[KKEMEE, nos. 5 and 15.] 

I. Foil. 2149a ; 29 lines, 5f in. long ; 
dated 17 Dulka'dah, A.H. 1179 (A.D. 1766). 

A compendium of Muslim history, by 



EARLY KHALIFS AND CONQUESTS. 



319 



Sayyid al-Haj al-Shatibi (see above, no. 
482), with the heading : ^Ui-^ <j 



Beg. 



The 2nd Fasl, the history of Muhammad, 
begins fol. 476. The third part, dealing 
with the Khalifs and subsequent dynasties, 
begins with Abu Bakr, fol. 841, but without 
any heading. The Khatimah, treating of 
the end of the world, occupies foil. 144a 
1476. 

At the end, foil. 1476149, there is a 
poem in the form of a Kasidah, describing 
the fate of the dead in the tomb, and begin- 
ning with this verse : 



[sic] 

The author designates himself in the last 
verse but one as al-Sharif : 



II. Foil. 149a 323 ; 34 lines, 5f in. long ; 
written by the same hand as the preceding 
art., but in a smaller character ; dated 
RabI' I., A.H. 1184 (A.D. 1770). 



Another copy of the Khamls. See the 
preceding no. It contains the first half of 
the work, ending with the fourth year of the 
Hijrah, and corresponding with pp. 2 468 
of the first volume of the Cairo edition. 



Copyist : 



joe- 



. 



Early Khalifa and Conquests. 

519. 

Or. 1492. Foil. 46 ; 8 J in. by 6 ; 27 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in Neskhi, apparently 
in the 19th century. 

[Sm HENEY C. RAWLINSOX.] 

A popular history of the early Khalifs, 
commonly called L-UJlj L>\*3\ c^iUI, or 
simply Ju\xJ\j iU^\ i->U^ and wrongly 
ascribed to Ibn Kutaibah. 

The following title is written on the first 
page; jju 



* J\5 



Beg. 



Copies of the same work have been 
described in the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 581 a 
and 7436. The present MS. contains only 
the first portion of the work, ending with an 
account of the negotiations carried on be- 
tween 'Ali and Mu'awiyah, and corresponding 
with foil. 1 52 of a former copy, Add. 
23,273. It ends abruptly in the middle of 
the section headed Jjs* ^ all\ jj* Jli U 



A Latin abstract of the history of the first 
four Khalifs has been published by A. Peters- 
son, Lundae, 1856, under the title: Ex- 
positio de quatuor primis Khalifis. 

The authenticity of the work has been dis- 
cussed by Gayangos, Mohammedan Dynasties, 
vol. i., App. E ; by Dozy, Recherches sur 
1'histoire d'Espagne, 3rd edition, vol. i., 
p. 21 ; and by Noldeke, Zeitschrift der D. 
Morg. Ges., vol. 40, p. 309. 

For other copies see Tornberg, Lund 



320 



HISTOKY. 



Catalogue, no. 14 ; Eosen, Notices Som- 
maires, no. 156 ; Melanges Asiatiques, 
vol. v., p. 398 ; the Paris Catalogue, no. 
1566; and the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 13. 

On the first page is written : " Purchased 
by me at Baghdad, July 20, 1840. H. Raw- 
linson." 

520. 

STOWE, Or. 6. Foil. 121; 10 in. by 7; 
28 and 29 lines, 5 in. long ; -written in 
an archaic and angular, sparingly pointed, 
character, in the llth century. Foil. 29 32 
are partly torn and defaced by holes. 



History of the conquest of Egypt, the 
Maghrib and Spain ; by Abu '1-Kasim 'Abd 
al- Rahman B. 'Abdallah B. 'Abd al-Hakam 
B. A'yan al-Kurashi al-Misri, who died 
A.H. 257. See the Arabic Catalogue, 
pp. 5446, 7836; Wiistenfeld, Geschicht- 
schreiber, no. 63 ; and Haj. Khal., vol. iv., 
p. 386. 

On the first page are the following title 
and Riwayat, in the same handwriting as the 

text : t_ SjJlj \JbjUi- 



u? 



Similar titles, with the addition of < 
(jj jj>)^ aftertax, are found at the beginning 
of the subsequent sections, *j>-. The MS. 
contains altogether seven Juz, which begin 
respectively foil. 1, 17, 36, 53, 75, 88, 
and 97. 



At the beginning of the text the above 
catena is repeated, but in reverse, or ascend- 
ing, order, and with the addition of a first or 
lowest link, al-Silafi, as follows: g-iH 



J\3 



From the above it will be seen that the 
men who handed down the work of Ibn ( Abd 
al-Hakam, were for the most part Egyptians 
by birth or residence. Taking them down- 
wards from the author's time, they are the 
following : 

1. Abu '1-Kasim 'All B. al-Hasan B. Khalaf 
B. Kudaid al-Azdi, who received it from the 
author. 

2. Abu Bakr Muh. B. Ahmad B. al-Faraj 
al-Kammah. 

3. Abu '1-Hasan 'All B. Munlr B. Ahmad 
al-Khallal al-Misri, who died A.H. 439 
(Sam'ani, fol. 213, and Ta'rikh al-Islam, 
Or. 49, fol. 186). 

4. Abu Sadik Murshid B. Yahya B. al- 
Kasim al-Madini al-Misri, who died A.H. 517 
(al-'Ibar, Or. 3006, fol. 262). 

5. Abu Tahir Ahmad B. Muh. B. Ahmad 
al-Silafi al-Isbahani, who took up his abode 
in Alexandria A.H. 511, and died there 
A.H. 576. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 
731, note o ; Bibliotheca Arab. Hisp., vol. 
iv., pp. 48 53 ; and Wiistenfeld, Geschicht- 
schreiber, no. 268. It is stated in Ta'rikh 
al-Islam, Or. 51, fol. 89, that he once only, 
A.H. 517, left Alexandria to go to Cairo, 



EARLY KHALIFS AND CONQUESTS. 



321 



where he met al-Madini (no. 4) and other 
traditionists. This must have taken place 
a little earlier, for a Sama', transcribed at 
the end of each Juz, but the last, of the 
present MS., states that it was read before 
Shaikh Abu Sadik Murshid al-Madini, in 
virtue of a licence received by him from Ibn 
Munlr, the reader being Shaikh Abu Tahir 
al-Silafi, and that the reading took place in 
Fustat Misr, in the month cf Dulhijjah, 
A.H. 516. 

It does not appear from the MS. who was 
the person who received the text from al- 
Silafi, and who refers to himself in the initial 
words : J\ ^JJl 



The Paris Library possesses two copies 
of the same work, nos. 1686-7, the first of 
which exhibits the same catena as the present 
copy. See De Slane, Journal Asiatique, 1844, 
vol.ii.,pp. 335, 351 , 354 64; and HiBtoire des 
Berberes, vol. i., pp. 301 12, where extracts 
are given in French translation; and Ewald, 
Zeitschrift fiir die Kunde des Morgenlands, 
vol. iii., p. 333. 

From a transcript made by Ewald of the 
Paris MSS., two portions of the text have 
been edited ; namely : 1. Part of Juz 1 
(corresponding with foil. 16 13& of our 
MS., but with several omissions), edited, 
with a Latin version, by Dr. Karle under 
the title " Ibn Abdolhakami libellus de.his- 
toria jEgypti antiqua," Gottingae, 1856 ; 
2. The latter part of Juz 5 (foil. 795 87a 
of our copy), edited, with an English version, 
by John Harris Jones, Goettingen, 1858. 

The historical value of the work has been 
critically discussed by Dozy in his " Ee- 
cherches sur Fhistoire d'Espagne, 3rd 
edition, pp. 36 38. 

The following are the principal divisions : 
Juz 1. Ancient history of Egypt, fol. 1. 
Juz 2. Conquest of Egypt, fol. 176. Juz 



3 and 4. Muslim settlements and institutions 
in Egypt, fol. 366. Expedition to Tripoli 
and conquest of Ifrikiyyah, fol. 666. Juz 5. 
Conquest of Maghrib and Spain, fol. 756. 
Juz 6. Dangers of the office of Kadi and 
notices of some kadis in Egypt, fol. 886. 
Juz 7. Enumeration of the Companions of 
the Prophet, who entered Egypt, foil. 976 
121a. 

The present MS. cannot be later than the 
sixth century of the Hijrah. It has been 
collated, as stated at the end (fol. 12 la), with 
the MS. of the Hafiz 0^01 J*>0 by Muh. B. 
'Umar B. Yusuf al-Ansari. The latter, as 
appears from the Sama', had read the whole 
work before Shaikh Abu '1-Kasim Hibat allah 
B. 'Ali B. Su'Qd B. Thabit al-Ansari, who 
is spoken of as still living. 

This Hibat Allah B. 'AH al-Ansari al- 
Khazraji al-Busiri, called Sayyid al-Ahl, an 
eminent traditionist, was born A.H. 506, and 
died A.H. 598. See al-Wafi bil-Wafayat, 
Add. 23,359, fol. 198, and Ta'rikh al-Islam, 
Or. 52, fol. 140. He is mentioned in the 
Sama' above described as one of those who 
were present at the reading. 

On the first page is a note by a nearly 
contemporary hand, stating that A'yan B. 
Laith (the author's great-grandsire) died 
A.H. 132 in Alexandria, 'Abd al-Hakam (his 
grandfather)* A.H. 171, and 'Abdallah (his 
father) A.H. 214. On the same page is a 
later note relating to a reading of the work, 
before Shams al-Din Abu 'Abdallah Muh. 
B. Dirgham al-Bakri, in Mecca, A.H. 707. 



521. 

Or. 1505. Foil. 227 ; 6^ in. by 5 ; about 
20 lines, 4 in. long ; written in small and 
distinct Neskhi ; dated A.H. 815 (A.D. 1412). 
[SiB HENEY C. RAWLINSON.] 
T T 



322 



HISTORY. 



The legendary history of the conquest of 
Syria, ascribed to al-Wakidi. 

This is one of the two copies which Nassau 
Lees used for his edition of the text in the 
Bibliotheca Indica, Calcutta, 1854. See the 
preface, p. ii. 

The first page, which has been supplied by 
a hand of the 18th century, contains an Isnad 
which has been printed in the Calcutta edition, 
Notes, p. 1. The original text begins, fol. 2a, 



as follows : 



,J\ 



+j 



U *5 j& 
(Calcutta edition, 



p. r, line 11). 

Foil. 1005, 2169, 2225, have also 
been supplied by later hands. The text, 
which presents no division whatever, ends 
with the taking of Caeaarea. The last lines 

are : 



oUI J-a *U! J^-j. The above differs 
very materially from the corresponding pas- 
sage in the Calcutta edition, vol. iii., p. 201. 

The colophon is partly obliterated, but the 
following can be deciphered : ^ i \j!t\ ^ 



The siege of Damascus, which is referred 
to by the scribe as the event of the day, took 
place at the beginning of A.H. 815. It ended 
by the surrender of the Sultan, al-Malik al- 
Nasir Faraj, to the rebel Amirs, by whom he 



was deposed on the 25th of Muharram. 
Suluk, Or. 2902, fol. 1. 



See 



For copies of the Futuh al-~Wakidi, see the 
Arabic Catalogue, pp. 148-9, 425, 683 ; the 
Leyden Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 159; Pertsch, 
no. 1599 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1652 
1661, 1639 ; the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 97, where several editions printed in Cairo 
are mentioned; &c. 



522. 

Or. 1506. Foil. 221 ; 9 in. by 6 ; 23 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in fine bold Neskhi, pro- 
bably in the 13th century. 

[SiR HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

An earlier copy of the same work. 

The deficiencies of the original MS. have 
been supplemented by two leaves at the 
beginning and three at the end. These are 
written in a rude character, and dated 27 
Rabi' II., A.H. 1210. 

The original text begins, fol. 3a, as follows : 



\ (Calcutta edition, vol. i., 
p. 4, line 21). 

It ends, fol. 3176 : ^ *>j J \* U'j J 153 
jdudN J\ w (ib., vol. iii., p. 182, line 1). 

The MS. is divided into two volumes (Juz), 
the first of which ends, fol. 1116, with these 

words : ^^ U^ (__-afr JlJ- *&f 
(ib., vol. ii., p. 165, line 16). 



523. 

STOWE, Or. 9. Foil. 180 ; 6 in. by 4 ; 11 and 
12 lines, 2f in. long ; written in a cursive and 
ill-shaped character; dated (fol. 1786) 29 
Jumada I., A.H. 1009 (A.D. 1600). 



ALI AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 



828 



The conquest of Egypt, also ascribed to 
al-Wakidi, with the following title : 



Beg. a* 



It agrees substantially with the text edited 
by Hamaker (Lugd. Batav., 1825), but is 
considerably shorter. It contains, however, 
some additional matter relating to the 
beauties and prerogatives of Alexandria, 
foil. 1435, and of Egypt and the Nile, 
foil. 1768. 



Copyist : ^.^ JU- ^ 



524. 

Or. 1509. Foil. 69 ; 8 in. by 5| ; 21 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in a cursive and flow- 
ing, but distinct, character ; apparently 
about the beginning of the 18th century. 

[SiR HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

A similar recension of the preceding work, 
with this title : pli* ^ 8^1531 



Beg. ^ 



It has the same additional matter as the 
preceding MS., foil. 55-6 and 68-9. 

On the first page is a partly obliterated 
note of a former owner, with the date 
A.H. 1133. 



525. 

Or. 1551. Foil. 132; 8 in. by 6 ; 17 lines, 
3| in. long; written in fair large Neskhi, 
with red-ruled margins; dated end of 
Muharram, A.H. 1156 (A.D. 1743). 

[SiE HENRY C. KAWLINSON.] 

The conquest of Bahnasa, with the follow- 
ing heading: ^bU^ ^ Uj LJ^jJ\ yi ^__& 



See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 150a. 



In spite of many discrepancies of detail, 
the text agrees substantially with the edition 

1-J^jJ) La>, printed in Cairo, A.H. 1280, and 
often re-printed since, in which the author is 
called Muhammad B. Muh. al-Mu'izz. There 
is no author's name in the MS. 

The work has been noticed by Hamaker 
in his preface to the " Incerti auctoris liber 
de expugnatione Memphidis," p. x., and by 
Karabacek, Monatsschrift fur den Orient, 
1885, p. 177. For other MSS. see Pertsch, 
no. 1607, and for printed editions, the Khe- 
dive's Library, vol. v., p. 96. 



Ali and his Descendants. 

526. 

Or. 3988. Foil. 183 ; 12 in. by 8J. 

[GrLASEB, no. 282.] 

I. Foil. 2 165; 22 lines, 5| in. long; 
written in large plain Neskhi ; dated Mon- 
day, 18 Safar, A.H. 1052 (A.D. 1642). 

TT 2 



324 



HISTORY. 



JSfc. 

A history of the descendants of Abu 
Talib, who suffered martyrdom ; by Abu '1- 
Faraj 'All B. al-Husain al-Isfahani, the 
author of Kitab al-Aghani, who died A.H. 356. 

Beg. 



ftf J AW 

The author describes the scope of the work 
in the following terms : li?Ui j, 



J\ 



i 



i^Ji* 



Lib^iaM 



The notices are arranged in chronological 
order, and begin with Ja'far B. Abi Talib, 
fol. 3a ; Muh. B. Ja'far, fol. 66 ; 'Ali B. Abi 
Talib, fol. 7a ; al-Hasan,fol. 15a ; al-Husain, 
fol. 256, &c. The work is divided into two 
equal parts, the first of which ends, fol. 85, 
with a long notice of Muh. B. 'Abdallah B. 
al-Hasan, known as al-Nafs al-Zakiyyah, who 
died A.H. 145. 

The second half begins, fol. 86, with the 
son and the brother of the last, viz., 'Abd- 
allah al-Ashtar B. Huh., and Ibrahim B. 
'Abdallah B. al-Hasan. It concludes with a 
rather meagre enumeration of all those who 
came to their death under al-Muktadir, down 
to the time of writing. 



The author says at the end that he com- 
pleted the work in the month of Jumada I., 
A.H. 313. He adds that some descendants 
of Abu Talib were then holding sway in 
Taberistan and in Yemen, respecting whom 
he had no information. 

The author's statements are throughout 
preceded by Isnads. Among other authori- 
ties he quotes Muhammad B. Jarlr al-Tabari, 
with whom he had read, he says, the latter's 
work, entitled Kitab al-Maghazi. 

The Makatil al-Talibiyym is not noticed 
by Haj. Khal. It is mentioned, however, 
among the works of Abu '1-faraj al-Isfahani 
in the Fihrist, p. 115 ; by Ibn Khallikan ; 
De Slane, vol. ii., p. 250 ; and in Ta'rlkh al- 
Islam, Or. 48, fol. 50. An abstract of the 
work is found in the Tarjuman, Add. 18,513, 
foil. 7993. 

II. Foil. 166183 ; about 30 lines, 5 in. 
long, written in a small and distinct Neskhi, 
probably in the 17th century. 

The first part of a commentary upon the 
Goran, by Sayyid Fakhr al-Dm 'Abdallah B. 
Ahmad B. Ibrahim, &c., al-Zaidi al-Sharafi, 

with the following title : 



Beg. 



The author traces his pedigree through 
twenty-two intermediate generations to Imam 
al-Kasim B. Ibrahim al-Rassi (who died 
A.H. 246), and through him to 'Ali. He 
lived in the time of al-Mansur al-Kasim B. 
Muh., whom he calls our Imam, i.e., A.H. 
10061029. 



ALT AND HIS DESCENDANTS. 



825 



He based his commentary upon an early 
Tafsir, commenced by the above-named Imam 
al-Kasim al-Eassi, continued by his son 
Muhammad, and completed by Imam al- 
Hadi Yahya B. al-Husain (who died A.H. 
298). Instead of following the usual order, 
the commentary passed from the Fatihah to 
the last Surah, and took all the others in 
inverted order. The same arrangement 
obtains in the present recension, which 
contains additions from others, chiefly Zaidi 
works, enumerated on the title-page. 

The present fragment consists of the 
preface, fol. 1666 ; an introduction, j>'& ^j 
tj^j ^ JiUi ^ J, fol. 1696; the 
commentary upon al-Fatihah, fol. 180a ; and 
upon Surat al-Nas, fol. 183a. 



527 



Or. 4029. Foil. 133 ; 11 in. by 8 ; 19 lines, 
5^- in. long ; written in elegant Neskhi, with 
occasional vowels ; apparently in the 14th 
century. [GLASEE, no. 331. J 



The seventh volume of the historical com- 
mentary of Ibn Abi'l-Hadid upon the col- 
lection of 'Ali's speeches, letters, and maxims, 
compiled by al-Sharif al-Radi (d. A.H. 406) 
under the title of Nahj al-Balaghah (Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 5116). 



Beg. oi 



'Izz al-DTn Abu Hamid 'Abd al-Hamid B. 
Hibat Allah, called Ibn Abi'l-Hadid, was 
born in al-Mada'in, A.H. 586, and died in 
Baghdad, A.H. 655. See the Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 7526, and Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's 
translation, vol. iii., p. 543. 



His commentary, which contains a full and 
exhaustive exposition of the historical ques- 
tions raised by the text, has been lithographed 
in one folio volume, without pagination, in 
Teheran, A.H. 1271. In that edition the 
original division of the work into twenty 
parts (Juz) is preserved. The contents of 
the present MS. correspond with the last 
30 pages 9f Juz 13 and the first 24 pages 
of Juz 14. The portion of the text which 
it includes occupies pp. 136 145 in the 
edition lithographed in Cairo, without date. 

For copies of the text and commentary, 
see the Khedive's Library, vol. iv., pp. 277, 
341. 

528. 

Or. 3952. Foil. 256; llf in. by 6| ; 21 
lines, 4 in. long ; written in very neat Neskhi ; 
dated Jumada II., A.H. 1020 (AD. 1611). 

, no. 246.] 



I. Foil. 2108. The 15th Juz of the same 
commentary. 



s.) 



It is identical with the 15th Juz of the 
Teheran edition. The portion of the text 
included in this Juz extends from p. 145 to 
153 of the Cairo edition. 

II. Foil. 109154. Seven Kasidahs in 
praise of 'Ali, by Ibn Abi '1-Hadid, author of 
the preceding work, with an anonymous 
commentary. 

Beg. of the Comm. 



Jif- 



326 



HISTORY. 



The text of the seven Kasidahs is written 
in red, with all the vowels. For other copies, 
see the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 480a, 7816, 
and Ahlwardt's Verzeichniss, nos. 493 5, 
1028, 7. 

The commentator, whose name does not 
appear, describes himself in the preface as 
descended from 'Ali (>.y*N is^^N ^ \^^ tf). 
He was evidently a Shi'ah of the Ithna- 
'ashari, or duodenarian, sect (see foil. 146a). 
He quotes as dead another Shi'ah writer, 
Sayyid Jamal al-Din Ahmad (B. Miisa) Ibn 
Ta'us al-Husaini, who died A.H. 673 (v. 
Kisas al-'CJlama, p. 315). 

The same commentary is described by De 
Goeje, Leyden Catalogue, 2nd edition, no. 
703, with the title of g-JI JU* <> c 



III. Foil. 155256. The 14th Juz of the 
commentary of Ibn Abi '1-Hadid upon Nahj 
al-Balaghah. 

Beg. uji^^ L--O/ y- 



The portion of the text included begins 
with the chapter containing 'Ali's letters, 
and corresponds with pp. 142 145 of the 
Cairo edition. 

529. 

Or. 3759. Foil. 192; 8 in. by 6; about 
21 lines, 4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; 
dated A.H. 1217 (A.D. 1802). 

[G-LASEE, no. 43.] 



Lives of the twelve Imams, imperfect at 
the beginning, and without author's name. 

It begins with the latter portion of the 
preface, and a table of the twelve chapters 



) of which the work consists. In the 
closing sentence the author deprecates the 
rash and erroneous conclusion of such readers 
as would tax him with being a Rafidi or 
Shi'ah. In the introduction he shows that 
great Sunni doctors, among others al-Nasa'i, 
had written works in praise of 'Ali and the 
Imams, and he quotes from the canonical 
books numerous Hadiths bearing upon the 
holiness of the Prophet's family. Throughout 
the work he quotes by preference Sunni 
authorities. Writers frequently cited are 
Kamal al-Din Ibn Talhah (Abu Salim Muh., 
who died A.H. 652) and Jamal al-Dm Muh. 
B. Yusuf al-Zarandi, who died A.H. 750. 
He quotes also Taj al-Din al-Subki, who died 
A.H. 771. 



The introduction begins: 



The twelve chapters treat of as many 
Imams, as follows : 'Ali, fol. 7a ; Al-Hasan, 
fol. 926 ; Al-Husain, fol. 1046 ; 'Ali Zain 
al-'Abidln, fol. 1246 ; Muhammad al-Bakir, 
fol. 130a ; Ja'far al-Sadik, fol. 137a ; Musa 
al-Kazim, fol. 1426 ; 'Ali B. Musa al-Rida, 
fol. 1506; Muhammad al-Jawad, fol. 1646; 
'Ali al-'Askari, fol. 173a ; Al-Hasan al- 
Khalis, fol. 178a ; Muhammad al-Khalaf al- 
Hujjah, fol. 183a. 

Copyist : J\ 



530. 

Or. 1406. Foil. 48 ; 10 in. by 7 ; with about 
30 lines, 6 in. long, in a page ; written, 
apparently in Persia, in a very cursive and 
almost unpointed character, about A.H. 866 
(A.D. 1461). 

Miscellaneous extracts and notices relating 
to the genealogy of Muhammad and of his 



ZAIDI IMAMS. 



327 



descendants, compiled by 'Ali B. Kasim B. 
Hamzah B. 'Ali B. Muhsin al-Husaini al- 
Musawi al-Najafi al-Nassabah (the genea- 
logist). 

The compiler's name appears, fol. 27a, at 
the end of a notice relating to the Sayyids 

of Sivas, as follows : ^ *.li ^ ^ 



The most important extracts, foil. 1 3, 
42 47, are from a work on the descendants 
of al-Hasan and al-Husain, entitled 
u^\Ss.^\ i_.>l5Mj i_jLJ^, and beginning : 

*LJ'^ iwlj-* laA-J y* JJ^lii jli- jjJJI *JJ 

The author, whose name does not appear, 
wrote it by desire of the Naklb of Khorasan, 
'Imad al-Daulah wa '1-Dln Abu '1-Hasan B. 
Muh. B. Yahya al-'Alawi, and commenced it 
A.H. 558. 

Other extracts, foil. 30 38, are from a 
work entitled O^MC*' i>.&A\ tr 2 ^ 
and beginning : 

J ^>J&\ ?A AyOj j-j^W ** 

The author calls himself at the end Ibrahim 
B. Yahya B. Muhammad B. Husaini al- 
Nassabah al-Mashhadi al-Najafi. 

There is also a work of some extent, 
foil. 19 28, treating of pretended Sayyids, 
whose claim was disputed or denied. It is 

designated at the end as \ts-td\ u \x? 
and begins yU 



* 




The writer does not give his name, 
authority most frequently quoted is 



The 



by Shaikh al-Sharaf. The 
latest date mentioned is A.H. 709, fol. 27o. 

Lastly we may mention two extracts from 
the (jrujJUaN (J31JU, an account of the de- 
scendants of Abu Talib, who suffered martyr- 
dom, foil. 5-6, 39-40. See no 526. 



Zaidi Imams. 

531 

Or. 3901. Foil. 185; 12 in. by 8* ; 21 
lines,* 5 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, 
with red-ruled margins ; dated 1 Dulhijjah, 
A.H. 1047 (A.D. 1638). 

[GLASEE, no. 187.] 



Life of the Imam al-Hadi ila '1-hakk Yahya 
B. al-Husain, by 'Ali B. Muhammad. 

Beg. o 



> 

The author, whose name is found at the 
beginning of most paragraphs (^ J 6 Jli 
&*^?), is generally called 'Ali B. Muhammad 
al-'Abbasi or al-Sayyid al-'Abbiisi. He is 
mentioned as the author of Sirat al-Hiidi 
in the Simt al-La'al, fol. 516 ; in the Tar- 
juman, fol. 1256 ; and in the Baud al-Zahir, 
fol. 229cz. 

He says that his father, Muh. B. 'Ubaid- 
allah al-'Alawi, was one of the first to swear 
allegiance to the Imam, A.H. 283, and ac- 
companied him on his second expedition to 
Yemen (a first attempt made A.H. 280 had 
ended in failure), marching with the Imam 
and a few followers from al-Fur', south of 



328 



HISTORY. 



Medina, to Sa'dah. The author, who was 
then a mere boy, joined his father subse- 
quently, A.H. 285, in Sa'dah, where the 
latter held command in the name of al-Hadi. 
The detailed narrative begins with that 
second expedition, and the establishment of 
the Imam's rule in Sa'dah. His subsequent 
wars with neighbouring tribes and with the 
Karmatis are narrated in great detail and 
with precise dates, almost day by day, mostly 
in the very words of the author's father and 
of two other followers and generals of the 
Imam, viz., Abu Ja'far Muh. B. Sulaiman 
al-Kufi and Muh. B. Sa'id. Compositions of 
al-Hadi, in prose and verse, are frequently 
inserted. 

The history proper concludes, fol. 162, 
with the death of al-Hadi, which took place 
in Sa'dah on the 10th of Dulhijjah, A.H. 298. 
A continuation extending to fol. 170 contains, 
1. a brief account of the short career of the 
sons and grandsons of the Imam, namely, 
his two sons, Abu '1-Kasim Muhammad, who 
died A.H. 310, and Ahmad, who died A.H. 
322, and two sons of the latter, al-Hasan 
and al-Kasim, the first of whom died A.H. 
327 ; 2. some poems of al-Hadi. 

Foil. 171 185 contain notices of al-Hadi 
and his two sons, al-Murtada Abu '1-Kasim 
Muh., and al-Nasir Abu '1-Husain Ahmad, 
extracted from al-Hada'ik al-Wardiyyah, and 
corresponding with foil. 15 51 of Or. 3786. 

532. 

Or. 3816. Foil. 146; Sin. by 6; 21 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in small and fair, but 
sparsely pointed, Neskhi; dated Wednesday, 
last decade of RabI' II., A.H. 1080 (A.D. 
1669). [GLASER, no. 104.] 



History of the Imam al-Mansur-billah al- 



Kasim B. 'Ali, by al-Husain B. Ahmad B. 
Ya'kub, with this title : jr aiU / 

.. 



Beg. 



AJO 



Jjl 

Al-Mansur-billah Abu Muh. al-Kasim B. 
'Ali B. 'Abdallah B. Muh. B. al-Kasim al- 
Rassi is called al-Kasim al-Saghir, to dis- 
tinguish him from his ancestor al-Kasim 
al-Rassi, who died A.H. 246. He proceeded 
from Tarah (or Tarj), in the land of the 
Khath'am tribe, to Yemen, in order to 
assume the Imamate, A.H. 388, and he 
established his rule in Sa'dah and San'a. 
He lived in constant struggle with local 
chiefs and with a rival Imam, al-Da'i ila'llah 
Yusuf B. Yahya, until his death, which took 
place, as stated fol. 146, on the 9th of Ra- 
madan, A.H. 393, in 'Ayyan (near Mikhlaf 
Ja'far, v. Yakut), his usual residence, from 
which he was called al-'Ayyani. See the 
Hada'ik, Or. 3786, fol. 68 ; Anwar al-Yakin, 
Or. 3868, fol. 174; and Ibn Jaghman, fol. 185. 

The author, whose name appears as above 
at the beginning of most sections, was evi- 
dently a follower of the Imam, whose pro- 
ceedings he relates with great minuteness, 
from his start for Yemen to his death. He 
quotes in extenso his letters, proclamations, 
and poems, and states occasionally that he 
transcribed them from the Imam's original 
draft. He inserts also in a few instances 
verses composed by himself on passing 
events. 

533. 

Or. 3812. Foil. 198; 10 in. by 7i; 19 
lines, 65- in. long ; written in fair, but im- 



ZAIDI IMAMS. 



329 



perfectly pointed Neskhi; dated Dulka'dah, 
A.H. 972 (A.D. 1565). 

[GLASEE, no. 99.] 



Lives of the Imams acknowledged by tbe 
Zaidis, from 'AH B. Abi Talib to al-Mansur- 
billah, who died A.H. 614 ; by Husam al-Din 
Abu 'Abdallah Humaid B. Ahmad al-Muhalli. 



Beg. 



The author's name appears in the follow- 
ing title in the handwriting of the copyist : 



. J JT 



Humaid B. Ahmad B. Muh. B. Ahmad 
B. 'Abd al- Wahid al-Muhalli al-Tamimi al- 
"Wadi'i al-Hamdani al-Shahld, an eminent 
Zaidi legist, and author of many valuable 
works, was slain by the Sharlfs Banu 
Hamzah, A.H. 652. See Tiraz A'yan al- 
Zaman, Or. 2425, fol. 23, and Ibn Jaghman, 
Or. 3898, fol. 1896. 

The author wrote this work in compliance 
with a request conveyed to him in a letter 
by a noble personage, whom he only desig- 
nates by his official title j*-j^l\ Jr^N ,_^SM. 

The work begins with a preliminary chapter 
on the Hadiths which testify to the excellence 
of the lineage of the Prophet (Jsy^^ J-oi ,j) . 
Then come the biographical notices of the 
Imams, arranged in chronological order. 
The present MS., the first half of the work, 
contains those of the following Imams : 

'AH B. Abi Talib, who died A.H. 40, 
fol. 15ft. 



Al-Hasan B. 'Ali, who died A.H. 52, or 
50, or 49, fol. 76a. 

Al-Husain B. 'AH, who died A.H. 61, 
fol. 956. 

Al-Hasan al-Radi B. al-Hasan B. 'AH (no 
date), fol. 1196. 

Zaid B. 'AH Sayyid al-'Abidin B.al-Husain, 
who died A.H. 122 or 121, fol. 122. 

Yahya B. Zaid B. 'AH, who died A.H. 126 
or 125. fol. 1366. 

Muh. B. 'Abdallah al-Nafs al-Zakiyyah B. 
al-Hasan al-Radi B. al-Hasan, who died 
died A.H. 145 or 146, fol. 189a. 

Ibrahim B. 'Abdallah B. al-Hasan al- 
Radi, who died A.H. 145, fol. 153a. 

Al-Husain B. 'AH al-Fakhkhi B. al-Hasau 
B. al-Hasan al-Radi, fol. 1626. 

Yahya B. 'Abdallah B. al-Hasan al-Radi, 
fol. 1686. . 

Idrls B. 'Abdallah B. al-Hasan al-Radi, 
fol. 182a. 

Muh. B. Ibrahim B. Isma'il B. Ibrahim 
B. al-Hasan al-Radi, fol. 1846. 

This last, better known as Ibn Tabataba, 
was poisoned by Abu '1-Saraya, A.H. 199 ; 
see Kamil, vol. vi., pp. 211 214. 

The principal authorities quoted are the 
Makatil al-Talibiyyin of Abul-Faraj al-Isfa- 
hani (no. 526), and the traditions handed down 
by the Zaidi Imam al-Natik Abu Talib Yahya 
B. al-Husain, who died A.H. 424. Those tra- 
ditions were orally transmitted to the author 
by Shaikh Muhyi al-Din Abu 'Abdallah Muh. 
B. Ahmad Ibn al-Walid al-Kurashi (see 
no. 339). 

534. 

Or. 3786. Foil. 239 ; 9fin.by6i; 17 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in fine large Neskhi, 
u u 



330 



HISTORY. 



with frequent omission of the diacritical 
points, apparently in the 14th century. 

[GLASEE, no. 71.] 

The latter half of the same work, contain- 
ing lives of the following Imams : 

Al-Kasim B. Ibrahim B. Isma'il, &c., d. 
A.H. 246, fol. 26. 

Al-Hadi, Abu '1-Husain Yahya B. al- 
Husain B. al-Kasiin, d. A.H. 298, fol. 156. 

Al-Nasir al-Kabir, Abu Muh. al-Hasan B. 
'Ali B. al-Hasan, d. A.H. 304, fol. 316. 

Al-Murtada, Abul-Kasim Muh. B. Yahya 
al-Hadi, d. A.H. 310, fol. 47 a. 

Al-Nasir, Abul-Hasan Ahmad B. Yahya 
al-Hadi, d. A.H. 325, fol. 52a. 

Al-Mahdi, Abu 'Abdallah Mnh. B. al-Da'i 
al-Hasan B. al-Kasim, d. A.H. 360, fol. 60a. 

Al-Mansur, Abu Muh. al-Kasim B. 'Ali B. 
'Abdallah, d. A.H. 393, fol. 68a. 

Al-Mahdi, Abu 'Abdallah al-Husain B. al- 
Kasim B. 'Ali, d. A.H. 404, fol. 72a. 

Al-Mu'ayyad, Abul-Husain Ahmad B. al- 
Husain B. Harun, d. A.H. 411, fol. 725. 

Al-Natik, Abu Talib Yahya B. al-Husain 
B. Harun, d. A.H/424, fol. 97a. 

Al-Nafs al-Zakiyyah, Abu Hashim al- 
Hasan B. 'Abd al-Rahman B. Yahya, fol. 
lOOa. 

Al-Nasir, Abul-Fath al-Nasir B. al-Husain 
B. Muh., d. after A.H. 440, fol. 1096. ' 

Al-Nasir, Abu 'Abdallah al-Husain B. 
Abi Ahmad B. al-Hasan, d. A.H. 472, 
fol. 1146. 

Al-Hadi al-Haklni, Abu '1-Hasan 'Ali B. 
Ja'far B. al-Hasan, d. A.H. 490, fol. 1156. 

Abu '1-Rida al-Kisumi al-Husaini, d. after 
A.H. 490, fol. 1176. 

Abu Talib al-Akhlr, Yahya B. Abi'l- 
Husain Ahmad, d. A.H. 520, fol. 1186. 



Al-Mutawakkil, Abul-Hasan Ahmad B. 
Sulaiman, d. A.H. 566, fol. 127 a. 

Al-Mansur, Abu Muh. 'Abdallah B. Ham- 
zah, fol. 143a. 

The author devotes a very full notice to 
this last Imam, under whom he lived, and 
whose death he records as having taken 
place on the 12th of Muharram, A.H. 614. 
The work concludes with a Khatimah, foil. 
208 232, in glorification of the Zaidi 
Imams, and in disparagement of the TJmay- 
yades and Abbasides. The author quotes at 
length poems in praise of the former, by 
Farazdak, al-Kumait, Di'bil, Ibn al-Rumi, 
al-Kadi al-Tanukhi Abul-Kasim 'Ali B. 
Muh., and Abu Firiis. 

The first three leaves have been supplied 
by a later hand, and the Khatimah wants a 
few lines at the end. 

Foil. 233239, written probably in the 
13th century, contain some historical notices 
relating to San'a, drawn up apparently in 
the fifth century of the Hijrah, and some 
verses by Ibn al-Hajjaj. 

A continuation of the Hada'ik, entitled 
i^jjl jflj^ w.AJj\ j.Un, written A.H. 916, 
by Jamal al-Dm Muh. B. 'Ali B. Yusuf Ibn 
Fand, is noticed by Houtsma, Brill's Cata- 
logue, no. 248. 

535. 

Or. 3785. Foil. 120 ; llf in. by 8; 26 or 
27 lines, 5| in. long ; written in rather 
cursive and sparingly pointed Neskhi ; dated 
4 Rajab, A.H. 1073 (A.D. 1663). 

[GLASEE, no. 70.] 

The first volume of al-Hada'ik al-War- 
diyyah, with the same contents as no. 533. 

The MS. was written for the brother of 
the transcriber, Diya al-Dln Yusuf B. Muh., 



ZAIDI IMAMS. 



331 



Foil. 113 119 contain a treatise on 
simple medicaments in alphabetical order, 
extracted from a work entitled 



536. 

Or. 3813. Foil. 278; 8J in. by 6; 17 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 17th century. 

[GLASER, no. 100.] 

The second volume of the above work, 
with the same contents as no. 534. 

On the title-page the name of the author 
is written : 



A note of a former owner is dated A.H. 
1069. 

537. 

Or. 3820. Foil. 238 ; 10 in. by 7 ; 21 lines, 
4f- in. long ; written in fair thick Neskhi, 
deficient in diacritical points ; dated Satur- 
day, end of Jumada II., A.H. 761 (A.D. 
1360). [GLASER, no. 108.] 

A commentary by Husam al-DIn Humaid 
B. Ahmad al-Muhalli (see no. 533) upon a 
Kasidah composed in praise of 'Ali and of 
his descendants, by the Imam al-Mansur- 
billah 'Abdallah B. Hamzah B. Sulaiman 
(d. A.H. 614), and sent by him to the Abba- 
side Khalif al-Nasir. 

The following title is prefixed by a later 
hand: J\ <_*lix> -ii &^ ^ C_- %I OLI 



Beg. yfciM r l~ J 
* 



UJ1 



U 
, 



iVjJj5l Jii 



.L1 



Jl 



The Kasidah, which consists of 43 Baits, 
begins as follows : 



It is found in the Diwan of al-Mansur 
billah (Arabic Catalogue, p. 749a), fol. 406, 
and is also quoted in exienso in the Simt al- 
La'al, Or. 2426, fol. 1176, and in Sharh al- 
Bustan, Add. 18,513, fol. 1446, where thu 
present commentary is mentioned as 



The commentary was apparently written 
in the life-time of the author of the Kasidah. 
It is extremely discursive, and forms a rich 
storehouse of the traditions and arguments 
by which the claims of 'Ali and his descend- 
ants are supported. 

This fine copy was written for Salah al- 
Din Muhammad B. al-Mahdi 'Ali B. Muh., 
who was raised to the Irnamate, with the 
title al-Nasir, A.H. 773, and died A.H. 793. 

Foil. 236238 contain the text of the 
above poem and two other Kasidahs, one by 
al-Hadi, and the other by Badi' al-Zaman. 

Foil. 3, 4, 8, 9, and 74, have been supplied 
by a later hand. 

For MSS. of the Diwan of al-Mansiir-billah 
see the Leyden Catalogue, 2nd edition, 
no. 675, and Landberg, no. 227. 

538. 

Or. 3868. Foil. 271; 11 in. by 7; from 
20 to 22 lines, 5 in. long; written in large 
and bold Neskhi, very deficient in diacritical 
points ; dated Wednesday, 7 Ramadan, A.H. 
979 (A.D. 1572). [GLASER, no. 156.] 

u u 2 



332 



HISTORY. 



A full historical commentary, by Imam al- 
Mansur billah Sharaf al-Dln al-Hasan B. 
Badr al-Din Muh. B. Yahya al-Hadawi upon 
his own poem in praise of 'Ali and his 
descendants, and in support of their claims 
to the Imamate. The following title is pre- 
fixed by a later hand : uJuLa'J u^u^y' 
[altered to *JJb ^iW yi-jN <-/- 



The author, Abu 'All al-Hasan B. Badr 
al-Din Muh. B. Ahmad B. Yahya, &c., was 
born A.H. 596. He was proclaimed Imam, 
with the title al-Mansur-billah, A.H. 657, a 
year after the death of al-Mahdi Ahmad B. 
al-Husain, and died in Rughafah, A.H. 670. 
He left several learned works, besides the 
present, the full title of which is Jj 05*^ jV' 
ujj^jj\ jjk-j jjru*^^ JjliJ. It is described 
as a commentary upon the author's own 
composition, fjoji^ &IjLi, or poem in qua- 
trains. See Simt al-La'al, Or. 2426, fol. 1316 ; 
al-Bustan, Add. 18,513, fol. 151 j and Ibn 
Jaghman, fol. 1906. The poem is designated 
in the epilogue, fol. 266, as Urjuzat al- 
Anwar : 



The present volume, which contains ap- 
parently the latter half of the work, begins 
with this verse : 



The first part, foil. 1 63, contains the 
latter portion of the main section, devoted to 
the glorification of 'Ali. Then come, foil. 
636 199, praises of his descendants in 
general, a notice of Fatimah, and a very full 
enumeration in chronological order of 53 
Imams acknowledged as such by the Zaidis. 
It begins with al-Hasan, al-Husain, &c., and 
ends with al-Mansur-billah Abu Muh. 'Abd- 



allah B. Hamzah, who was proclaimed A.H. 
594, and died A.H. 614. The commentary 
gives full biographical notices of the Imams 
mentioned in the poem, with references to 
contemporary Khalifs. This historical mat- 
ter is chiefly derived, as stated by the 
author, fol. 197a, from records handed down 
by the last-named Imam. 

The latter part of the volume contains a 
fourth section, g^>\ cjU, devoted to a 
refutation of the arguments of the adver- 

saries, *jft\ &U Obol Jc ujilla^' .f- jUajl ,j, 

fol. 1996 ; some extracts from the last 
Khutbah of 'Ali, fol. 255, and the author's 
epilogue. 

This fine copy was written for Sayyid 'Izz 
al-Dm Muh. B. Shams al-Din (a grandson of 
Imam Yahya Sharaf al-Din, who died A.H. 
965), by Ahmad B. 'Ali B. 'Abdallah. It 
was collated, as stated in a marginal note, 
fol. 2666, A.H. 980. 

The last leaves of the MS., foil. 268271, 
contain a licence, SjW, relating to the 
Sunan of Abu Da'ud, dated A.H. 735, and 
an extract from the Jami' al-Usul of Majd 
al-Din al-Mubarak B. Muh. Ibn al-Athir. 



539. 

Or. 3791. Foil. 305 ; 8 in. by 5f ; from 13 
to 29 lines ; written in cursive Neskhi, 
partly in the 17th century, partly by a later 
hand. The later portion is dated (fol. 293) 
Saturday, 15 Sha'ban, A.H. 1121 (A.D. 
1709). [GT.ASEE, no. 76.] 



Life of Imam al-Nasir li-dm-allah Mu- 
hammad B. Amir al-Mumimn al-Mahdi 'Ali 
B. Muh., without author's name. 



ZAIDI IMAMS, 
entitled 



Al-Nasir, born A.H. 737, was proclaimed 
Imam in the life-time of his father al-Mahdi, 
A.H. 773, and died in San'a, in Dulka'dah, 
A.H. 793. See Tarjuman, Add. 18,513, 
fol. 171, and Ibn Jaghman, fol. 1936. 

The present work is quoted under the 
above title in the Raud al-Zahir, Or. 3847, 
fol. 240, and the author, whose name does 
not appear in the MS., is there stated to be 
Diya al-Dm al-Hadi B. Ibrahim al-Waziri, 
who is mentioned in Simt al-La'al, Or. 3969, 
fol. 132, as a panegyrist of Imam al-Nasir, and 
as the author of a work entitled J; &>yo^ *>\^j 
^yj3\ jlfcjU He wrote the present work in 
the life-time of the Imam, and shortly before 
his death ; for he finished it, as he states at 
the end, on Friday, 23 Jumada II., A.H. 791, 
the Imam being then in Zabid. 

In the preface the author states that the 
work was composed in answer to questions 
sent to him by the Fakih 'Ali B. Yahya al- 
Sharafi, and relating to the legitimacy of the 
Imam. 

It consists of a Mukaddimah ; a review of 
previous Imams, from 'Ali to al-Nasir's pre- 
decessor ; and of four Kisms, dealing at 
great length with the merits and qualifica- 
tions of the latter, under the following 
headings : 

Fol. 61 6. JU=-^ J~-> i> Wy* J-oi J I. 
Fol. 63&. joi*? yi Je a^Uas-jij ,j II. 
Fol. lOOa. OtdVyJl ^ J^\ v'^ J HI- 
Fol. 260a. ,> ^ U > ^^\ IV. 



The author refers readers desirous of 
more information to a previous work of his, 



That work is also mentioned in the Raud 
al-Zahir, fol. 252, as a composition of Sayyid 
al-Hadi B. Ibrahim al-Waziri. 

Foil. 1 5, 294 305, contain miscellaneous 
notes and extracts. 



Copyist : 



540. 

Or. 3*825. FoU. 161 ; 8f in. by 6J. 

[GLASEE, no. 113.] 

I. Foil. 328; 26 lines, 4 in. long; 
written in small Neskhi, A.H. 1061 (A.D. 
1651). A Kasidah commonly known as al- 
Bassamat al-Sughra (<jij*ia$\ iU-jJl), in glori- 
fication of the Zaidi Imams ; composed, in 
imitation of the Bassamah of Ibn 'Abdun, 
in the same metre and with the same rhyme, 
by Sayyid Sarim al-Dm Ibrahim B. Muh. 
B. 'Abdallah, with an anonymous commen- 
tary. 

The Kasidah begins as follows : 



After the first seven Baits, the commentary 



begins as follows : 



The same Kasidah, with a very full com- 
mentary, occupies the greater part of the 
introduction to the Tarjuman (Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 4156) by Badr al-Din Muh. B. 
Yahya B. Muzaffar, who wrote shortly after 
the poet's death. In this last work, fol. 93, 
the genealogy of the author of the Kasidah 
is traced upwards to 'Ali as follows : Ibrahim 
B. Muh. B. 'Abdallah B. al-Hadi B. Ibrahim 



334 



HIST OK Y. 



B. 'All B. al-Murtada B. Mufaddal B. Mansur 
B. al-'Afif Muh. B. al-Mufaddal B. al-Hajjaj, 
&c., and it is stated that lie wrote the follow- 
ing works : Jte^ ibUa (no. 382), *Jj5 jlH J^aoM 
(no. 267), and others, and that he died A.H. 
914 at the age of eighty. He sent the Kasidah 
to the contemporary Imam, 'Izz al-Din B. 
al-Hasan (A.H. 879 900), and was requested 
by him to write a commentary upon it ; but 
circumstances prevented him from complying 
with that desire. 

The Bassamah is also mentioned in Simt 
al-La'al, Or. 3969, fol. 142, where Sarim 
al-Din Ibrahim is mentioned as an illustrious 
member of the family called Banu '1-Wazir, 
and several other poems of his are given. 

The Imams are very briefly mentioned in 
chronological order in the Kasidah, the com- 
mentary supplying circumstantial notices. 
The last Imam named in the poem is al-Hadi 
'Ali B. al-Mu'ayyad, who died A.H. 836. 
The subsequent verses contain only brief 
allusions to the troubles which followed his 
death. 

Besides the present commentary, two 
others are mentioned, namely, one by Badr 
al-Din Muh. B. 'Ali B. Yusuf B. 'Ali al- 
Euhaif B. Fand, who brought down the 
history to Imam Yahya Sharaf al-Din 
(A.H. 912 965 ; see Ibn Jaghman, Or. 
3898, fol. 198; Simt al-La'al, Or. 2426, 
fol. 24 ; and Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Samm- 
lung, no. 9), and another by Sayyid Shams 
al-Din Ahmad B. Muh. al-Sharafi, who lived 
about A.H. 1008 (v. Simt al-La'al, fol. 2126, 
and Khulasat al-Athar, vol. ii., p. 264). 

At the end, fol. 285, is a Kasidah by Musa 
B. Yahya B. Haran in praise of Imam Sharaf 
al-Din. 

II. Foil. 30152 ; about 21 lines, 4 in. 
long ; written in Neskhi ; dated Monday, 
10 Rabi' II., A.H. 1156 (A.D. 1743). 



A treatise on politics, by Muhammad B. 
Talhah, who died A.H. 652. 

See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 659a, and 
Pertsch, no. 1882. The work has been 
printed in Cairo, A.H. 1283. 

Copyist : 



541. 

Or. 3918. Foil. 75 ; 12 in. by 8^ ; 21 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins, apparently early in the 
18th century. [GLASEE, no. 212.] 

An anonymous commentary upon an Urju- 
zah in praise of Imam al-Mutawakkil 'ala'llah 
Sharaf al-Din B. Shams al-Din, by the 
Fakih Jamal al-Din Salih B. al-Siddik al- 
Numazi al-Khazraji al-Ansari. 



Beg. 



Beg. of the poem : 



The subject of the panegyric, al-Mutawak- 
kil Yahya Sharaf al-Din, a grandson of al- 
Mahdi Ahmad B. Yahya, was born A.H. 877. 
He was proclaimed Imam in Zafir, A.H. 912, 
and died in the same place on the 10th of 
Jumada II., A.H. 965. The poem and the 
commentary were both written in his life- 
time, somewhat after A.H. 945. 

The author of the poem, it is stated in 
the preface, after studying under the Shaikhs 
of Zabid, was appointed Khatib in Aden. 



ZAIDI IMAMS. 



335 



That place having been taken by rebels, 
A.H. 945, he attached himself to the Imam 
Sharaf al-Dm, who raised him to a high 
post, and he wrote a commentary upon the 
Imam's work entitled al-Athmar (v. no. 424). 

The Urjuzah, consisting of about sixty 
Baits, contains the full pedigree of the Imam 
traced up to Muhammad, and the commentary 
gives detailed biographical notices of every 
one of the Imam's forefathers. 

The Urjuzah is quoted in extenso in 
Khulasat al-Athar, vol. ii., pp. 470472. 
Its title appears in the following line of the 
epilogue : 



From the same source we gather that the 
author of the commentary was Ahmad B. 
'Abdallah B. Ahmad B. Ibrahim al-Wazir, 
who is mentioned in Simt al-La'al, fol. 158a, 
under the name of Sayyid Shams al-Dm 
Ahmad B. 'Abdallah B. al-Wazir, as one 
of the elegant writers of the time of Imam 
Sharaf al-Dm. 

The MS. is imperfect at the end. It wants 
the last nine Baits and the commentary upon 
them. 

Fol. 75 contains a Kasidah by a grandson 
of the Imam, viz., 'Izz al-Dm Muh. B. 'Abd- 
allah B. al-lmam Sharaf al-Dln. 



542. 

Or. 3731. Foil 66 ; 11 in. by 



25 lines, 

4f in. long ; written in neat, but imper- 
fectly pointed, Neskhi ; dated Muharram, 
A.H. 1127 (A.D. 1715). 

[GLASEE, no. 15.] 

Life of the same Imam, by Jamal al-Din 
Muhammad B. Ibrahim, to which the follow- 
ing title is prefixed ; La^U- ,j MJ 



41t 



Beg. 



The author, Sayyid Jamal al-Din Muh. B. 
Ibrahim B. al-Mufaddal B. Ibrahim B. 'Ali 
B. al-lmam Yahya Sharaf al-Din, a de- 
scendant of the Imam in the fifth generation, 
was born A.H. 1022, and died in Shibam, 
A.H. 1085. He was an eminent scholar, 
and left, besides the present work, a metrical 
version of the Warakat of al- Juwaini entitled 



M Jai j CdLJty J^)\. See Khulasat 

al-Athar, vol. iii., p. 318 ; Simt al-La'al, 
Or. 2426, fol. 195 ; lib al-Samar,' Or. 2427, 
fol. 13 ; and Wiistenfeld, Jemen im xi. Jahr- 
hundert, no. 70. 

The author speaks in the preface of several 
writers who had composed lives of the Imam, 
either too diffuse or incomplete, but does 
not name them. In the body of the work, 
however, reference is made to a Sirah written 
by a contemporary of the Imam, al-Faklh 
Sharaf al-Dm al- Hasan B. Muh. B. 'Ali al- 
Zuraiki (foil. 27, 326, 43i). 

There is a leaf or more wanting after 
fol. 1. The latter part of the preface and 
the beginning of the life are lost. The 
narrative begins with the conquest of Damar 
by 'Amir B. Da'ud and the return of the 
Imam, then still a boy, with his mother to 
Zafir. 

The MS. was written for another de- 
scendant of the Imam, Safi al-Islam Ahmad 
B. al-Hasan B. Hamid al-DIn B. al-Mutahhar 
B. al-lmam Sharaf al-Din. 



336 



HISTORY. 



543. 



Or. 3329. Foil. 286 ; 12 in. by 8 J ; 24 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in large and clear Neskhi 
of the kind peculiar to Yemen ; dated 19th 
Sha'ban, A.H. 1064 (A.D. 1654). 

[H. A. STERN.] 

History of the Imam al-Mansur-billah al- 
Kasim B. Muhammad, who claimed the 
Imamate A.H. 1006, and died A.H. 1029 ; 
by Sayyid Mutahhar B. Muh. B. Ahmad 
al-Hadawi al-Jurmuzi. 

On the first page is written the following 
contemporary heading : J>\ J^x 



j JiM 



JU) EJjj *3 



A notice of the author, by al-Husain B. 
Nasir al-Muhalla, is given in the Khulasat 
al-Athar, vol. iv., p. 406. He is described 
as a man of noble birth, distinguished for 
merit and science, who wrote a history of 
three Imams, viz., al-Kasim and his two 
sons, namely, Muhammad al-Muayyad and 
Isma'il al-Mutawakkil, and who was a friend 
and correspondent of the writer's father 
(Nasir B. 'Abd al-Hafiz al-Muhalla, a great 
jurist, Wazir of al-Muayyad, who died A.H. 
1081 ; see Khulasat al-Athar, vol. iv.,p. 444). 
According to the same writer, Mutahhar was 
born A.H. 1003, and died on the 27th of 
Dulhijjah, A.H. 1077. His numerous sons 
and grandsons are noticed at length in the 
Tib al-Samar, Or. 2428, foil. 109127. 



The present MS. contains evidently the 
first part of the history above mentioned. 
The author frequently refers to a continua- 
tion, especially to his account of the siege of 
Zabid, which took place A.H. 1044 (foil. 2856, 
286rt). The present part must have been 
written between the latest date it contains, 
viz., A.H. 1062 (foil. 32) and A.H. 1064, 
the date of the MS. 

The author was too young in the time of 
al-Kasim to speak as an ocular witness of 
the events of that period. He says in the 
preface that he had often heard the history 
of the Imam related, and had determined to 
write down in the present compendium (\J* 
j>a^^ all that he had retained in his 
memory. To exhaust the subject, he adds, 
would be as impossible as to count the stars, 
on account of the lapse of time and of the 
wide space covered by the Imam's campaigns. 

The scope of the work is set forth in the 
following words : Jyj i_ v. 



Contents : Genealogy of al-Kasim, his birth 
on the 12th of Safar, A.H. 967, and his 
infancy, fol. 4a ; his personal appearance, 
character and 'virtues, fol. 46 ; specimens 
of his letters and addresses, fol. 6a; evi- 
dences of his holy character, or supernatural 
manifestations (3U/), fol. 16 ; his poetical 
compositions, fol. 19&; poems composed in 
his praise, fol. 21a; notices of eminent Zaidi 
'Ulama of his time, fol. 26a ; his assumption 
of the Imamate, his wars, and some features 
of his life (s*- ^ <>Jbj *^j"J 3yco) , fol. 42a. 



ZAIDI IMAMS. 



337 



The last section, or history proper, forms 
the main bulk of the volume. It is divided, 
as stated, fol. 1526, into the following four 
periods termed "e^>, or " campaigns : " 
1. From his Da'wah, or proclamation as 
Imam, A.H. 1006, to his retreat from 
Shaharah to Barat, fol. 42a. 2. From the 
time of his marching forth from Barat to the 
conclusion of peace with Sinan Pasha and 
Ja'far Pasha, A.H. 1017, fol. 1526. 3. His 
campaign against Ja'far Pasha, after the 
death of Ibrahim Pasha, A.H. 1022, fol. 195a. 
4. His war with Muhammad Pasha and his 
death, fol. 2456. 

Al-Kasim died, as stated fol. 270a, on the 
twelfth of Rabi' I., A.H. 1029, and was 
succeeded by his son al-Mu'ayyad-billah 
Muhammad. The remainder of the volume 
contains notices of some men of note who 
died about that time; copies of letters 
announcing the death of the Imam, and of 
the answers received ; elegies on that death ; 
and an enumeration of the Imam's children. 

The history of al-Kasim is chiefly made 
up of narratives orally received by the 
author from several ocular witnesses of, or 
actors in, the events recorded. His principal 
authority, quoted on almost every page, is 
Sayyid Ahmad B. Muh. (B. Salah) al-Sharafi, 
who is spoken of as still living, and who is 
stated, fol. 1116, to have been sent by the 
Imam as commander to Bilad al-Sharaf. 
(He died, according to Bughyat al-Murid, 
fol. 526, A.H. 1055.) 

Next in importance is Sayyid Jamal al- 
Dm 'Ali B. al-Mahdi, whom the author calls 
his father, jJljM, (see foil. 42a, 806, 1006, &c.). 
He quotes also occasionally oral communica- 
tions made to him by the son and successor 
of al-Kasim, Imam al-Mu'ayyad (foil. 5a, 
140a, 141a, 1536, &c.), and by his brother, 
Ahmad B. al-Kasim, who was living at the 
time of writing (foil. 219a, 240a). The 



latter died A.H. 10CG ; see Or. 3330, 
fol. 243J. There are, however, many docu- 
ments inserted, such as extensive letters, 
tracts, poems, &c., which could not have 
been handed down orally ; also frequent 
quotations from Sayyid 'Isa B. Lutf-allah 
(Or. 4583). 

For other accounts of Imam al-Kasim see 
Bughyat al-Murid, Or. 3719, foil. 4453; 
'Ikd al-Jawahir, Add. 16,647, fol. 2766; 
Rauh al-Ruh, Or. 3330, foil. 164193; 
Khulasat al-Athar, vol. iii., p. 293 ; Wusten- 
feld, Jemen im xi. Jahrhundert, p. 58 ; and 
Niebufrr, Description de 1'Arabie, 1773, 
pp. 168180. 

On the first page is written : 



This shows that the MS. belonged to a 
grandson of Imam al-Kasim, viz., 'Izz al-Din 
Muh. B. al-Hasan, who held important 
commands in Sa'dah and Damar, and died 
A.H. 1079. See Khulasat al-Athar, vol. iii., 
p. 468, and Bughyat al-Murid, fol. 796. 



544. 

Or. 3847. Foil. 257; llf in. by 8; about 
24 lines, 5J in. long ; written in a large, 
cursive, and sparingly pointed, Neskhi, ap- 
parently early in the 18th century. 

[GLASER, no. 135.] 



A full commentary, by Zaid B. Salih B. 
Abi'l-Rijal upon the Urjuzah of Shaikh 
Muh. B. al-Husain B. Sulaiman B. Da'ud B. 
Abl Fadil al-Murhibi al-Arhabi on the life of 
Imam al-Nasir-li-din-allah Muhammad B. al- 
Mahdi Ahmad B. al-Hasan B. al-Mansur- 
billah al-Kasim. 

x x 



338 



HISTORY. 



Beg. A13 



Ji 



The subject of the biography was a great- 
grandson of the above-mentioned Imam al- 
Mansur-billah al-Kasim. He was proclaimed, 
A.H. 1097, with the title al-Nasir, which he 
afterwards changed to al-Hadi, and subse- 
quently to al-Mahdi. After a long and 
chequered rule, he was besieged in al- 
Mawahib by his nephew and rival Imam, 
al-Mutawakkil al-Kasim B. al-Husain, and 
died during the siege, A.H. 1130. See 
Bughyat al-Murid, foil. 89100 ; Ibn Jagh- 
man, fol. 203 ; and Kbulasat al-Athar, 
vol. iii., p. 397. 

The commentator was a brother of Sayyid 
San al-Dln Ahmad B. Salih B. Muh. B. 
Abi'l-Rijal, who died A.H. 1092, and is 
noticed, with two other brothers, 'Ali and 
al-Husain, in Tib al-Samar, Or. 2427, foil. 
198 201. See also Khulasat al-Athar, 
vol. i., p. 220. 

Both poem and commentary were written 
in the life-time of the Imam, the latter, as 
appears from the preface, by his order. The 
commentary was commenced A.H. 1106, 
and completed, as stated at the end, on 
Thursday, the 15th of Ramadan, A.H. 1109. 

The Urjuzah was called in the first 
instance j<oli)\ *U^ ,- <j UajJl l& an( i 
subsequently, "t3i>\$\ 



It begins as follows : 



The last events it records are the submis- 
sion of Sultan Ahmad B. 'Ali al-Rassas to 
the Imam, and the latter' s marriage with 
the Sultan's daughter. 

The commentary begins with a Mukad- 
dimah, treating of various signs and prog- 
nostics of the future greatness of the Imam, 



foil. 7b 146. The commentary proper 
includes the full text of the poem, and is 
divided into four Juz, which respectively 
begin at foil. 14, 87, 152 and 207. 

The fly-leaves at the beginning contain 
four versified eulogies upon the commentary, 
the second of which is by the author of the 
poem, Muh. B. Husain al-Murhibi. In the 
headings the commentator is called al-Kadi 
Zaid B. Salih. 



545. 

Or. 3719. Foil. 186 ; 13 in. by 8| ; 23 lines, 
6 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
ruled margins ; dated Thursday, 5 Safar, 
A.H. 1290 (A.D. 1873). 

[GLASEE, no. 3.] 



A genealogical account of the descendants 
of Sayyid { Ali B. Muh. B. 'Ali B. al-Rashid, 
by one of them, namely 'Amir B. Muh. B. 
'Abdallah B. 'Amir B. 'Ali B. Muh. B! 'Ali 
B. al-Rashid. 



Beg. 



Sayyid Jamal al-Islam 'Ali B. Muh. B. 'Ali 
B. al-Rashid al-Amlahi al-Hadawi, who died 
in Thala, A.H.' 977, is the ancestor of a line 
which gave several illustrious Imams to 
Yemen. The first who assumed sovereignty 
was his grandson al-Mansur-billah al-Kasim 
B. Muh. B. 'Ali, who reigned A.H. 1006- 
1029, and whose descendants, although hard 
pressed by the Turks, were still in power 
A.H. 1126, when the present history was 
written. 



ZAIDI IMAMS. 



339 



The work is constructed on a strictly 
genealogical plan ; but, the individual notices 
being extensive and full of historical matter, 
it forms an important contribution to the 
history of Yemen for the very imperfectly 
known period which it covers. 

The author mentions in two passages, 
foil. 41 and 109, A.H. 1126 as the date of 
composition ; but some sections are brought 
down to A.H. 1130. The siege of al- 
Mawahib, and the death of Imam al-Mahdi 
on the 5th of Ramadan of that year, are 
fully recorded, foil. 99-100, the latest date 
given being the 24th of the month of Sha'ban 
in the same year. 

In the preface the author dwells on the 
importance of the genealogy of 'Ali's lineage, 
and mentions as the principal authorities 
the following four works: 1. .^J^j j\y^' j? 
j\jfSK, by Sayyid Ahmad B. Muh. B. 'Ali al- 
Radi ; 2. the work of Fakhr al-Dln 'Abdallah 
B. 'Ali al-Mu'ayyadi, called Abu 'Alamah; 
3. the work of Sharif al-Samhudi ; 4. i*s- 
^_JO> ^\ JT ^LJ\ J <_JOA by the Sharif 
Ibn 'Inabah. He gives subsequently a 
general survey of the Sayyids of Yemen, 
mostly descended from Imam al-Kasim B. 
Ibrahim al-Rassi (d. A.H. 246). 

The genealogy, which forms the main 
subject of the work, begins, fol. 5, with 'Ali 
B. Muh. al-Amlahi, and includes a short 
account of the contemporary Imams, viz., 
Yahya Sharaf al-Dln, his son al-Mutahhar, 
al-Mahdi al-Hasan B. Hamzah, and al-Nasir 
al-Hasan B. 'Ali. It branches off into two 
lines, those of the two sons of 'Ali al-Amlahi, 
namely, 'Amir and Muhammad, as follows : 

I. 'Amir, put to death by Sinan Pasha, 
A.H. 1008, fol. lla. His sons: Ahmad, fol. 
23, Muhammad, fol. 27, and 'Abdallah, 
fol. 37, with their descendants, including 
the author. 



II. Muhammad, who died two months 
before his father, A.H. 977, and his son the 
Imam al-Mansur-billah al-Kasim, who died 
A.H. 1029, fol. 44. He left the following 
seven sons : 

1. Muhammad al-Mu'ayyad, who died 
A.H. 1054, fol. 53. 

2. Al-Hasan, who died A.H. 1048, fol. 64. 
His son, Ahmad al-Mahdi, who died A.H. 
1092, fol. 85 ; and the latter's sons, viz., 
Muh. al-Nasir, who died A.H. 1130, fol. 89, 
and al-Husain, who died A.H. 1094, fol. 101. 
Another son of al-Hasan, viz., al-Husain, 
whodjed A.H. 1121, fol. 106. 

3. Al-Husain, who died A.H. 1050, and 
his sons, fol. 114. 

4. 'Ali, who died about A.H. 1020, 
fol. 124. 

5. Ahmad, who died about A.H. 1060, 
fol. 125. 

6. Isma'il al-Mutawakkil, who died A.H. 
1087, fol. 135, and his son Muh. al-Mu'ayyad, 
fol. 140. 

7. 'Abdallah, fol. 157. 

An appendix extending from fol. 157i to 
fol. 185, contains chiefly additional informa- 
tion relating to the life and time of al- 
Mansur-billah al-Kasim B. Muh. 

The copyist, ^ Ji*^ ^ <*+*? ^ ^-^ 
*U &+>. \ ^ J-*^*, says in the colophon 
that the MS. had been transcribed from a 
copy of the autograph draft of the author. 

At the end is added a notice of al-Mahdi 
Ahmad B. Yahya (d. A.H. 840) and of his 
works. 

546. 

Or. 3857. Foil. 41 ; 12 in. by 8J ; 19 lines, 
5 in. long; written in a large and rude 
Neskhi in the 18th century. 

[GLASEE, no. 145.] 



340 



HISTORY. 



Life of the Iinam al-Mutawakkil 'ala'llah 
al-Kasim B. al-Husain B. Amir al-Muminin 
al-Mahdi, by al-Faklh Sharaf al-Din al- 
Hasan B. al-Husain B. Salih al-Rusi, whose 
name appears on the title-page : 



Beg. 



^ 4U J* 

The work begins with a rather confused 
account of the struggle of the Imam with 
his uncle and predecessor al-Nasir, here 
designated as Muh. B. al-Mahdi, or as Lord 
of al-Mawahib, by whom he had been confined 
in the castle of San'a, but whom he ultimately 
succeeded in deposing, A.H. 1125. 

His own proclamation as Imam took 
place at the beginning of Dulka'dah, A.H. 
1125 (fol. 34a). The history of his reign, 
which is evidently a contemporary record, is 
brought down to A.H. 1133. The last 
event chronicled is the defeat of the rebel 
al-Hajj Hasan, of al-Suwa, (_?y~^, by the 
Imam's son, Safi al-Islam Ahmad, which 
took place in Rabi' I., A.H. 1133. 

Al-Mutawakkil died A.H. 1139. See Ibn 
Jaghman, Or. 3898, fol. 203. 

547. 

Or. 3823. Foil. 148 ; 8J in. by 6 ; about 
17 lines, 4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi 
in the 18th century. [GLA.SEE, no. 111.] 

A commentary, by Muh sin B. al-Hasan 
B. al-Kasim B. Ahmad B. Amir al-Muminin 
al-Kasim B. Ahmad, upon a Kasidah by 
Sayyid Isma'Il B. Muh. B. 'Ali Fa'i', contain- 
ing the history of the Imam al-Mansur-billah 



al-Husain, and, in connection with it, that 
of his father and predecessor al-Mutawakkil 
'ala'llah al-Kasim B. al-Husain. 



Beg. 



Imam al-Mansur, the main subject of the 
poem, was born in Rida', A.H. 1107 (fol. 8). 
He took a prominent part in the wars carried 
on by his father al-Mutawakkil, and was pro- 
claimed Imam a few days after the death of 
the latter, which took place on the 23rd of 
Ramadan, A.H. 1139 (fol. 1304). He died 
A.H. 1161 (Ibn Jaghman, fol. 2036). 

The commentary was written, as well as 
the Kasidah, in his life-time, and, apparently, 
a few years after his accession. They deal, 
for the most part, with the warlike trans- 
actions in which he was engaged during the 
reign of his father. 

In the preface the commentator, after 
praising the Kasidah, says that he was well 
prepared to elucidate it, inasmuch as he had 
previously written a history of al-Mutawak- 

kil entitled JSyil f \j)\ ^ ^ j, ^^ \>\j\ 

( jt^ ^> *~3b\ &\ (Js with a continuation 
brought down to A.H. 1142. He gives to 
the commentary the following (inordinately 

long) title : 



.>lJ ( ,f- 



He adds that he had devoted a notice to 
the author of the Kasidah in an anthology 

entitled b^ y- ^** J*^) 



The Kasidah, which is designated as al- 
Bassamah, in allusion to the poem so called 



GHAZNAWIS. 



341 



written in the same rhyme by Ibn al-Wazir 
(no. 540), begins as follows : 



The proclamation of al-Mansur, on the 
2nd day of al-Shawwal, A.H. 1139, is re- 
corded on fol. 1376. The remainder of the 
MS., which is imperfect at the end, contains 
the history of the first few months of his 
reign. The last event recorded is the death 
of 'Ali Ibn al-Ahmar, a dangerous rival, 
who was treacherously murdered by the 
Imam on the 10th of Muharram, A.H. 1140. 

The author of Tib al-Samar, writing A.H. 
1144, speaks of both the author of the 
Kasidah and the commentator as still living, 
and as his intimate friends. He calls the 
former al-Sayyid Isma'il B. Muh. Fa'i' ( j>\^\ 
^sf ,jUi*a!\ ^-ol, and the latter al-Sayyid 
al-Muhsin B. al-Hasan B. 'Ali B. al-Kasim 
B. Abi Talib ^U- iojj y*. See Or. 2427, 
foil. 266273, and Or. 2428, foil. 5860. 

For other works relating to the Zaidi Imams, 
see further on, History of Yemen. 



Ghaznawis. 

548. 

Or. 1513. Foil. 222 ; 9 in. by 6 ; 16 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with all 
the vowels ; dated 10 Dulka'dah, A.H. 767 
(A.D. 1366). [SiB HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 



The Yamlni, a history of Sultan Mahmud 
Ghaznawi, by Abu Nasr Muh. B. 'Abd al- 
Jabbar al-'Utbi, who wrote it about A.H. 411. 
See the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 1526, 55 la, 
and the Persian Catalogue, p. 157. 



The following title, in the handwriting of 
the copyist, is prefixed : j\x~\ ,j 



There are, in the early portion of the MS., 
numerous marginal glosses in the same hand- 
writing as the text. Others, written by a 
later Persian hand, are ascribed to Fakhri 
Zadah. The full vocalization of the text is 
carried on from the beginning to fol. 96, 
after which vowels are more sparingly 
added. 

Copyist : ^jajJb J* y? fj& ^ J^L 

The text agrees with the lithographed 
edition published by A. Sprenger, Delhi, 
1847. The Yamini has also been printed 
in Cairo on the margins of the Kamil, 
A.H. 1290. A literal Persian translation, by 
Muhammad Karamat 'Ali, is noticed by 
Pertsch, Berlin Catalogue, no. 441. For 
MSS., see the Leyden Catalogue, nos. 841-2; 
Rosen, Institut, no. 34 ; Aumer, no. 423 ; 
the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1894-5 ; and the 
Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 176. 

On the fly-leaf : " Purchased by me at 
Baghdad, May 12, 1846. H. Rawlinson." 



549. 

Or. 1972. A volume of historical extracts 
described in the Persian Catalogue, p. 1040. 

[SiE H. MIEHS ELLIOT.] 

It contains only one Arabic extract, foil. 
2 9, namely, from a commentary by 'Ali 
B. Muslih al-Sam'ani al-Kirmani upon the 
preceding work, 



342 



HISTORY. 



Beg. 



jW Jly y 



Saljuhe. 

550. 

STOWE, Or. 7. Foil. 1 1 2 ; 9J in. by 6 ; 1 7 lines, 
4^- in. long ; written in fine large Neskhi, 
probably in the 14th century. 



A. history of the Saljuk Dynasty of Iran, 
from its origin to its downfall, by Sayyid 
Sadr al-DTn Abu '1-Hasan 'AH B. al-Sayyid 
al-Imam al-Shahid Abu '1-Fawaris Nasir B. 
'Ali al-Husaini. 

The following title is written on the first 
page in gold letters, within an illuminated 

border: 



* 

JU3 JJ 

The author's name appears again at the 
beginning of the text : .s-j ^JJJ ^ [\ \jjj 



y- Jj\ U \ 



The main history closes with the death of 
Sultan Tughril, A.H. 590 ; but the work was 
not written till at least thirty-two years later. 
A brief account of the Atabaks, which forms 
the last section, fol. llli, is brought down 
to the extinction of that line in- the person of 



Uzbek, son of Pehlevan, who died at the time 
of the conquest of Azerbaijan by Jalal al- 
Din Manguburni Khwarizmshah, i.e. A.H. 
622. (See Kamil, vol. xii., p. 284 ; Abulfedae 
Annales, vol. iv., p. 324; and Gruzldah, 
Add. 22,693, fol. 1346.) 

The concluding lines are : 

J J\ 



J\ <^>j 



J Ji* (_. 



JU\ r ?W\ 

The author had been, however, personally 
acquainted with some men who had witnessed 
the last struggle of Sultan Tughril with the 
Khwarizmshah. He quotes, fol. 108a, an 
account which he received at Eai, from Amln 
al-Dln Muh. al-Zanjani, of a secret message 
sent to the fated Sultan by Shihab al-Din 
Mas'ud B.al-Husain, Hajib of Tukush, urging 
him to yield up Rai and to make terms with 
the approaching enemy. The passage begins : 



The author writes as a partisan, probably 
a dependent, of the Court of Baghdad. He 
calls the Khalif al-Nasir his lord, fol. 1016 
(aU\ y> .iJ^eUM ( .%j*ji,\ji*\ Wj*) . In another pas- 
sage, fol. 976, he ascribes the success of Atabek 
Pehlevan to his unswerving devotion to the 
Khalifs, adding : [j-^l*] j*\^\ ^b J]j Uj 

Jl Ju. 



Ibn Khallikan, who in his account of the 



SALJUKS. 



848 



death of Alp Arslan (Wustenfeld's edition, 
702, De Slane's translation, vol. iii.. 



no. 



p. 231) quotes the present history under the 
title of Zubdat al-Tawarikh, does not name 
the author. The passage he adduces is found 
in our MS., fol. 32a, but it has not been quite 
accurately rendered by Ibn Khallikan. What 
it says is that Alp Arslan survived his wounds 
three days, and expired on Saturday, the last 
day of Rabl' I., A.H. 465 : *> 
Ju- 



Dr. Houtsma, who possesses a transcript 
of the present unique MS., gives an account 
of the work in his Recueil des Textes relatifs 
a 1'Histoire des Seljoucides, torn. I., p. x., 
and torn. II., p. xxxvi. He remarks that, 
for the middle period of the Seljuks, it is 
abridged from the work of 'Imad al-Din 
entitled 'iJbaH\ tfac-j tj&\ lj-o>, and composed 
A.H. 579. But for the latter period it is an 
original and nearly contemporary record, 
containing, especially upon the eventful 
career of the last Sultan, Tughril, many 
details not found in later works. 

The present history has also been noticed 
by Baron von Rosen, who in the Zapiski of 
the Archasological Society, vol. i., pp. 243 
252, has given the chapter relating to the 
expedition of Alp Arslan against the Greek 
Emperor Romanus, A.H. 463 (MS., foil. 276 
316), in text and translation. 

The author begins by saying that the first 
of the Saljiik tribe who embraced Islamism 
was the Amir Yakak (a name which in the 
Turkish tongue means bow), who was brave 
and wise, and to whom the King of the Turks 
had committed the reins of government. He 
then proceeds to relate the quarrel which 
arose between him and the king, here called 
Yapghu, ^AJ [Baighu], very much in the 
same terms as Ibn al-Athir, Kamil, vol. ix., 



p. 322. After this he passes on to the 
history of Amir Saljuk, son of Amir Yakfik. 
The subsequent rubrics are as follows : 

Fol. 46. Wl juAa* J 



Fol. 80. 



Ib. 



For. lla. 



JI 



j.> o 



l53\ 



Fol. 14a. 

Fol. 146. 
Fol. 156. 

Fol. 176. 
Fol. 176. 

Fol. 18a. 



Fol. 19a. 



Fol. 206. 



Fol. 226. 



344 

Fol. 24a. 

Fol. 243. 
Fol. 256. 

Fol. 276. 
Fol. 316. 
Fol. 32a. 

Fol. 36a. 
Fol. 366. 

Fol. 37a. ( . 
Fol. 376. 



HISTORY. 



J 



Fol. 38a. y>. 

w? > ^ u 



Fol. 406. Ui 



ol 



Fol. 426. ll<i. y 

Fol. 43a. a 



Fol. 45a. 



Fol. 476. >-.... ji 



XflJl 



xa31 



f 



f\f- 



W \UJ\ 



Fol. 54a. 



Fol. 56a. 



Fol. 59S. ^.jJ^ Ui 



Fol. 676. 
Fol. 70a. 



Fol. 716. w \laLJ\ 



Fol. 816. 



Fol. 866. 



i J\ g-j 



s ...- 



U, 



Fol. 966. U, 
Fol. HOo. 

Fol. 1116. ftlU^J^ cJu3U 

The margins contain some corrections in 
the handwriting of the copyist, as well as a 
few notes (partly lost in consequence of too 
close trimming) by a somewhat later hand. 



Ayyubides. 

551. 

Or. 3020. Foil. 237 ; 9| in. by 7| ; 23 lines, 
in. long ; written in Neskhi ; dated 
Jumada I., A.H. 1288 (A.D. 1871). 

[KEEMEK, no. 18.] 



AYYUBIDES. 



The well-known work of 'Imad al-Dm 
Muhammad B. Muh. al-Katib al-Isfahani 
(who died A.H. 597) on the history of Salah 
al-Din Yusuf from A.H. 583 to his death, 
A.H. 589 (v. Arabic Catalogue, p. 153a). 

The above title is found in the text, 
fol. 7a; but on the first page it is written 
differently with regard to the first word, 
namely : <_~M f.&\ " The Cossian outpour- 
ing." The same reading is found in the 
following copy and in a MS. dated A.H. 595, 
described by Rosen, Notices Sommaires, 
no. 158. 

For the author's life see Ibn Khallikan, 
De Slane's translation, vol. iii., p. 300 ; 
Mir'at al-Zaman, Add. 23,279, fol. 1106; 
Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 284 ; 
Recueil des Historiens des Croisades, vol. i., 
preface, p. 48 ; and Houtsma, Recueil des 
textes relatifs a 1'histoire des Seljoucides, 
vol. ii., preface, pp. 30 37. For other 
copies see the Leyden Catalogue, vol. ii., 
nos. 821 23 ; Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, 
no. 1654; and the Paris Catalogue, nos. 
169399. 

The present copy was transcribed for 
Baron von Kremer from a MS. in Tripoli 
(Syria), described as very old. That MS. 
came, subsequently, into the possession of 
Count Landberg, whose edition of the text, 
published at Leyden, 1887, is chiefly based 
upon it. 

Copyist : 

A previously described MS., Add. 7309, 
(Arabic Catalogue, p. 153), contains the 
first half of the work, viz., A.H. 58385, 
and corresponds with foil. 1 119 of the 
present copy. 



552. 

Or. 1545. Foil. 236 ; 9 in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated Constantinople, 
23 Rajab, A.H. 1202 (A.D. 1788). 

[SiB HENBT C. RAWLINSON.] 

The same work, with the heading : )\ 



The MS. was transcribed, as stated in 
the colophon, for al-Sayyid Khalll Efendi al- 
Muradi, Mufti of Damascus (the author of 
Silk aJ-Durar), from a copy dated A.H. 600. 

Copyist : 



On the first page is written : " Bought at 
Baghdad, June 12, 1844. H. Rawlinson. 
This is a fine and correct copy." 



553. 

Or. 3120. Foil. 33; 8 in. by 6J; 20 or 
21 lines, Z\ in. long ; written in cursive 
Neskhi, about A.D. 1850. 

[KBEMEB, no. 130.] 

An account of the financial administration 
of Egypt under the Ayyubides, by the Wazir 
Sharaf al-Din Abu '1-Makarim Ibn Abi Sa'id 
Ibn Mammati, with the following title : 



Beg. 



Ji- U c all 
jo U ... \j>-\ 



It may be seen from the above that the 

T T 



346 



HISTORY. 



work was written under al-Malik al-'Aziz, 
son of Saladin, who reigned in Egypt A.H. 
589 595. The author, whose full name is 
Abu '1-Makarim As'ad B. al-Khafir Abi Sa'Id 
Muhaddib B. Mina, called Ibn Mammati, was 
placed by Saladin at the head of the Divan 
of Egypt. He is also well known as a poet, 
and died in Halab, A.H. 606, at the age of 
sixty-two. See Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's 
translation, vol. i., p. 192 ; Ta'rikh al-Islam, 
Or. 52, fol. 227; and Wiistenfeld, Geschicht- 
schreiber, no. 295. 

The contents of the work have been 
stated by Hammer, Sitzungsberichte der K. 
Akademie, vol. xv., p. 5. See also Wiisten- 
feld, Calcaschandi's Geographic, pp. 35, 148, 
and Heerwesen der Muhammadaner, p. 1 ; 
the Paris Catalogue, no. 2962, 3; and Pertsch, 
nos. 47 and 1892. 

The work has been printed in Cairo, 
A.H. 1299. See the Khedive's Library, 
vol. vi., p. 176. 

The MS. agrees with that edition, and, 
like it, concludes abruptly with the words : 



It was transcribed, as stated by the 
copyist on the title-page, from a MS. in the 
library of 'Ali Beg Fehmi, son of the late 
Rifa'ah Beg Rafi'. 

A table of the contents of the ten Babs 
into which the work is divided occupies 
three pages at the beginning. 



554. 

Or. 1537. Foil. 150; 8 in. by 6 ; 23 or 

24 lines, 4J in. long ; written in cursive, 
scholarlike, and imperfectly pointed, Neskhi ; 
dated Jerusalem, 9 Dulka'dah, A.H. 734 
(A.D. 1334). [Sm HENET 0. RAWLINSON.] 



An abridgment of the Kitab al-Raudatain 
of Abu Shamah, with additions by Khalil 
B. Kaikaldi al-'Ala'i ; in the handwriting 
of the latter. 

The following title is written on the first 
page by the same hand as the text: 
*>.jj\ 



From the above it appears that the abridg- 
ment is due to Abu Shamah himself, and that 
Khalil Ibn al-'Ala'i, in transcribing it (which 
he did from the author's autograph MS.), 
made some additions borrowed from the 
original work and from other sources. This 
is confirmed by the following preamble : 



*a3*" 



J 



Then comes the following preface of Abu 
Shamah to his abridgment : ^ U J^Ji J\S 
soli- .*- i} 6 **^j w'V^j J^ 1 " J^ 



AYYUBIDES. 



347 






The Kitab al-Raudatain, sometimes, but 
improperly, called Azhar al-Raudatain, com- 
prises the reigns of Nur al-Din and Salah 
al-Dln, and ends with the death of the latter, 
A.H. 589. It has been printed in Cairo, 
A.H. 1287, and again, A.H. 1292. The 
author, Shihab al-Dln 'Abd al- Rahman 
B. Isma'Il B. Ibrahim al-Makdisi, called 
Abu Shamah, died 19 Ramadan, A.H. 665. 
See, for his life, Fawat al-Wafayat, vol. i., 
p. 322 ; Tabakat al-Subki, Add. 23,361, 
fol. 1956 ; Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, 
no. 349 ; Quatremere, Histoire des Sultans 
Mamlouks, vol. i., part 2, p. 46, note 54; 
and Recueil des Historiens des Croisades, 
vol. i., preface, p. 43. For MSS., see the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. .153 ; the Leyden Cata- 
logue, no. 819 ; Aumer, no. 404 ; the Copen- 
hagen Catalogue, nos. 154 156 ; the Paris 
Catalogue, nos. 1700-1 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., p. 64. 

The present compendium covers the same 
ground as the original work, and concludes, 
like it, with a notice of al-Kadl al-Fadil. 

The colophon is as follows : u 



Salah al-Dln Abu Sa'id Khalil B. Kaikaldi 
al-'Ala'i, whose autograph draft we have 
here, was an eminent traditionist, who 
taught in the Salahiyyah of Jerusalem. He 
was born A.H. 694, and died in Jerusalem 



in Muharram, A.H. 7C1. See al-Durar al- 
Kaminah, Or. 3043, fol. 1206 ; Tabakat al- 
Subki, Add. 7356, fol. 116 ; and Tabakat 
al-Huffaz, cl. xxii., no. 2. 

His life, extracted from the last-named 
work, is written by a later hand at the end 

of the MS. 

On the fly-leaf : " Purchased for H. Raw- 
linson, Baghdad, Feb. 10, 1847." 

555. 

Or. 15.38. Foil. 129 ; 6f in. by 5; 17 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in large and bold 
Neskhi, apparently in the 14th century. 

[Sis HENEY C. RAWLINSON.] 



Continuation of the Kitab al-Raudatain, 
by its author, Abu Shamah. 

On the first page is written, by the same 
hand as the text, the following title : 



Beg. 



The author remarks in the preamble that 
the perusal of chronicles teaches a serious 
lesson, inasmuch as the record of the 
worthies who pass away with every year 
is apt to detach thoughtful men from this 
world, and to inspire them with a longing for 
the next. Having brought down the Kitab 
al-Raudatain to the year in which Salah 
al-Din died, i.e., A.H. 589, he resolved to 
compile a history of subsequent events, 
bringing it as far down as his own life 
should reach. He began with A.H. 590, 
and gave to the work the following title : 

Y Y 2 



348 



HISTORY. 



This continuation is a chronicle arranged 
year by year, and dealing less with political 
history than with obituary notices of learned 
and eminent men. The work most frequently 
quoted istheMir'at al-Zaman of Abul-Muzaffar 
Sibt Ibn al-Jauzi (no. 465). This continua- 
tion is noticed by Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 347, 
as r-HJuJj^ (J 6 i_k^- SeeHoutsma, no. 203. 



Copies are mentioned in the Copenhagen 
Catalogue, no. 156, in Sprenger's Bibliotheca, 
no. 53, and in the Recueil des Historiens des 
Croisades, Introduction, p. 61, notes. 

The present volume is the first, and com- 
prises A.H. 590 615 ; but the last year is 
imperfect, the MS. breaking off, fol. 119, 
after the first ten lines of that year. 

Foil. 120 128, containing notices of Ibn 
al-Jauzi and al-'Imad al-Isfahani, belong to 
A.H. 597, and should come after fol. 20. 

On the title-page is written, in an almost 
undecipherable hand, a note stating that the 
writer had received a licence to teach this 
and other works of Abu Shamah from some 
Shaikhs who had read them with Kadi'l- 
Kudat Badr al-Din Huh. B. Ibrahim B. 
Sa'd Allah Ibn Jama'ah, who had them from 
the author. It reads as follows : S 



Ibn Jama'ah died A.H. 733 ; v. Arabic 
Catalogue, pp. 767a, ad p. 115. 



556. 

Or. 1539. Foil. 158; uniform with the 
preceding, and partly written by the same 
hand. The latter half, foil. 68158, is in 
a more cursive and imperfectly pointed cha- 
racter. [SiR HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 

The second volume of the same work, 
comprising A.H. 616 665, with the title: 



The first nine years, A.H. 616 624, form 
part of the first of the two volumes of which 
the original consisted. Abu Shamah's second 
volume, comprising A.H. 625 665, begins, 
fol. 496, with a preface partly identical with 
that of the first volume. 



The author says that in this second volume 
he starts from the year in which al-Malik 
al-Mu'azzam 'Isa died, i.e., A.H. 624. He 
adds that he had been a witness of subsequent 
events, and that it was in that year that he 
bethought himself of chronicling them. But 
he first gives the lives of two great legists 
who died A.H/ 620, viz., Fakhr al-Dm 'Abd 
al-Rahman B. Muh. Ibn 'Asakir, Shaikh of 
the Shafi'is, and Muwaffik al-Din 'Abdallah B. 
Ahmad IbnKudamah, Shaikh of the Hanbalis, 
as well as some supplementary notices re- 
lating to A.H. 62123. 

The chronicle proper begins with A.H. 624, 
fol. 516, and ends with A.H. 665, the very 
year in which the author died. The last 



AYYUBIDES. 



349 



events related are the digging of the moat 
of Safad ; a surprise of the Franks before 
'Akka by Sultan al-Zahir Baibars, in Rajab ; 
the death of Taj al-Dln <Abd al-Wahhab Ibn 
Bint al-A'azz, Kadi of Cairo, on the 18th of 
the same month ; lastly, the deaths of al- 
Jamal Muh. B. Ni'mah al-Nabulusi, and of 
Bar Malka in Damascus on the 18th of 
Sha'ban (a month before the author's death). 

The copyist of the latter half of the MS. 
signs himself o*^-*^ ^^^ J^f- yl^y* *+^, 
and dates 3 Jumada I. ; the numerals of the 
year, which follow, are indistinctly written ; 
they read, apparently, sAxAjj &*~J, A.H. 709. 

On the fly-leaf : " The two volumes pur- 
chased by me at Baghdad, Dec. 14, 1846. 
H. Rawlinson." 

557. 

Or. 3025. Foil. 82 ; 9f in. by 7 ; 13 lines, 
3 in. long ; written in elegant Neskhi, 
copiously, but not very correctly, vocalized, 
with gilt headings and illuminated borders ; 
dated the last day of Sha'ban, A.H. 712 
(A.D. 1312). [KREMER, no. 23.] 



Memoirs of al-Malik al-Nasir Da'ud B. 
'Isa B. Abi Bakr, with choice specimens of 
his compositions in prose and verse, by one 
of his sons. 

The subject of the Memoirs, a grandson of 
al-Malik al-' Adil, brother of Saladin, was born 
A.H. 603, and succeeded his father, al-Malik 
al-Mu'azzam 'Isa, A.H. 624, as King of 
Damascus. Two years later he was dis- 
possessed by al-Malik al-Kamil, and received 
al-Karak as a compensation. He took 
Jerusalem from the Franks, A.H. 637. 
Having been driven from al-Karak, A.H. 
647, by the Sultan of Egypt, al-Malik al- 
Salih Ayyub, he led for many years a 



wandering life. Summoned by the Khalif 
al-Musta'sim to help him against the Tartars, 
he was preparing to start for Baghdad, when 
he was carried off by the plague in Buwaida, 
near Damascus, on the 26th of Jumada I., 
A.H. 656. See Shifa al-Kulub, Add. 7311, 
foil. 9497; Mudayyal al-Daulatain, fol. 
109 ; and Abulfedae Annales, vol. iv., 
pp. 336, 350, 448, and 500. 

From the preface, the beginning of which 
is wanting, it appears that the author, 
whose name is not given, compiled these 
memoirs at the request of his brother, al- 
Malikr al-Muzaffar Shihab al-Dln. Six sons 
of al-Malik al-Nasir Da'ud are mentioned by 
name in the Shifa al-Kulub, fol. 116, namely, 
1. Al-Malik al-Auhad Najm al-Dln Yusuf, 
who died in Jerusalem, A.H. 698. 2. Al- 
Malik al-Muzaffar Shihab al-Dln Ghazi, 
above-mentioned, who died in Cairo, A.H. 
712 (al-Durar al-Kaminah, fol. 326). 3. 'Isa. 

4. Al-Malik al-Zahir Ghiyath al-Dlu Shadi. 

5. Hasan. 6. 'Ali. As the first, second, 
and fourth are referred to by the author as 
his brothers, he must have been one of the 
other three. He speaks of himself in one 
passage only, fol. lift, to say that he was 
present, with his elder brother, al-Malik 
al-Muzaffar Shihab al-Dln, at his father's 
death. 

The work is divided into a Mukaddimah 
and two Kisms. 

The contents of the MS., which has 
several lacunae and transpositions, are as 
follows : 

Preface, fol. la. Mukaddimah in two 
Fasls. Fasl 1. Genealogy of al-Malik al- 
Nasir, and origin of the Banu Ayyub, 
fol. 16. Fasl 2. Some of his memorable 
traits and noble qualities, fol. 86. 

Kism I. His- prose compositions, consisting 
mainly of letters with headings indicating the 
persons to whom, and the occasions on which, 



350 



HISTORY. 



they were written, fol. 14a. (There are gaps 
after foil. 22 and 26.) 

Kism II. His poetical compositions, ar- 
ranged, according to their subjects, in ten 
Bubs, fol. 29a. The ten classes are thus 

specified, fol. 296 : 1. 

n .fl) I J I H \\M ^ 

.4U \ \ .-AjAC- \ ./* \\ flft yi 4j. 3i.X'. 0. Ji 

. pt5C^^ _J J {- ~ 

8. Ol> r U. 9. ObjiaJl. 10. 



Bab 5 and 6 are wanting ; most of the 
others are more or less defective, as the 
following list will show : 

Bab 1, imperfect at the end, fol. 29a. 
Bab 2, wanting the beginning, fol. 33a. 
Bab 3, fol. 50. Bab 4, imperfect at the end, 
foil. 57 'a 596. Letters in prose (a mis- 
placed fragment of Kism I.), foil. 60 715. 
A fragment of Bab 4, fol. 72. Another 
fragment of Kism I., fol. 73. Bab 7, want- 
ing the beginning, fol. 74a. Biib 8, fol. 766. 
Bab 9, fol. 796. Bab 10, foil. 81a 82a. 

Some of the poetical pieces are preceded 
by historical introductions. Several of the 
letters of al-Malik al-Nasir are addressed to 
his preceptor, Shams al-Dln Abul-Fadl 'Abd 
al-Hamid B. 'Isa al-Khusraushahi, whose 
death, A.H. 652, is recorded, fol. 59o. (v. 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 5946). 

The following colophon is written within 
an ornamental border : wblis 



J, ,j ii 



Ornamentation strikingly similar to that 
of the present MS. is found in the Golden 
Goran, Add. 22,40612, Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 536, and is due to .the same artist, 
Aidughdi B. 'Abdallah, 



History of Egypt. 

558. 

Or. 1557. Foil. 87 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
17 Jumada II., A.H. 856 (A.D. 1452). 

[SiR HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 



A work treating of the history of Egypt, 
dedicated, A.H. 757, to al-Malik al-Nasir 
Hasan, by Ibn Abi Hajalah al-Tilimsani. 

The following illuminated title is in the 
same handwriting as the text : ^J^ t-^lii 



Shihab al-DTn Ahmad B. Yahya B. Abi 
Bakr B. 'Abd al-Wahid al-Tilimsani, called 
Ibn Abi Hajalah, was born in the monastery 
of his great-grandsire, 'Abd al-Wahid Abu 
Hajalah, in Tilimsan, A.H. 725. He spent 
most of his life in Damascus and in Cairo, 
and became known as an elegant poet, and 
as a bitter detractor of Ibn al-Farid, and 
opponent of the Sufis. He was appointed 
Shaikh of the convent al-Manjakiyyah, and 
died in Cairo on the last day of Dulka'dah, 
or the first of Dulhijjah, A.H. 776. See 
al-Durar al-Kaminah, Or. 3043, fol. 616; 
Inba al-Ghumr, Add. 7321, fol. 15a; al- 
'Aini, Add. 22,360, fol. 92a ; and Wustenfeld, 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 437. 

The Sukkardan has been printed in Bulak, 
A.H. 1288. For other copies see the Arabic 
Catalogue, pp. 156a, 348a, 5626 ; the Leyden 
Catalogue, vol. i., p. 292 ; Pertsch, no. 1658 ; 
and the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1709 1718. 



Copyist : J 



EGYPT. 



851 



On the fly-leaf : " MS. clean and tolerably 
correct, purchased by me at Baghdad, 
June 1, 1848. H. Rawlinson." 



559. 

Or. 3026. Foil. 129 ; 8 in. by 5| ; 21 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in small, neat, and 
partly vocalized, Neskhi, with red-ruled 
margins, apparently in the 16th century. 

[KREMER, no. 24.] 

I. Foil. 1 lllb. 



A work in praise of the Sultan of Egypt, 
al-Malik al-Zahir Jakmak, with a history of 
his early life, and of the beginning of his 
reign ; by Ibn 'Arabshah, the historian of 
Timur. 



(Coran, Ixi. 13). 

Shihab al-Din Abu '1- 'Abbas Ahmad B. 
Muh. B. 'Abdallah B. Ibrahim al-Dimashki 
al-Hanafi, called Ibn 'Arabshah, was born 
in Damascus, A.H. 791, and was carried off 
as a boy by Timur to Samarkand. After a 
wandering life spent in Tartary, Crimea, 
Turkey, and Damascus, he settled in Cairo, 
A.H. 840, where he died on the 15th of 
Eajab, A.H. 854. See Ibn Taghri Birdi, who 
was personally acquainted with him, Add. 
23,294, fol. 65a ; Freytag, preface to 
" Fructus Imperatorum," pp. 25 33 ; S. de 
Sacy, Journal des Savants, 1835, p. 604; 
and Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 488. 

The author's name does not appear in the 
text, but it is written, by the hand of the 
copyist, within a gilt circle on the title-page, 
as follows : o 
^i^ JJ\ t^-j 
His identity is moreover fully established 



by a passage of the preface, fol. 56, in which 
the author refers to his former work, the 
history of Timur, entitled J jj^ni^ v-*?.^ 
jy> t_^.V an ^ savs that, after witnessing 
the just and prosperous rule of al-Malik 
al-Zahir, he found that he could not make 
better amends for having devoted a book to 
the history of that overbearing tyrant than 
by writing a record of the reign and of the 
virtues of the present sovereign. In another 
passage, fol. 216, he says that he had visited 
the Courts of the greatest sovereigns of his 
age, and had been in the service of most of 
them-, namely, in the land of Jaghatai, Khitii, 
India, Persia, Delhi, Kipchak, and Rum. 
In a third place, fol. 66, he refers to his 
visiting, in Serai, A.H. 814, the Court of 
Jalal al-Din Khan B. Tuktamish Khan, and 
he repeats what he heard the King relate of 
the ruthless devastations perpetrated by 
Timur. 

The date of composition is not explicitly 
stated; but it may be brought within narrow 
limits. In one passage, fol. 6b, the author 
speaks of the reign of Jakmak (who was 
proclaimed on the 14th of Rabi' L, A.H. 842) 
as having lasted up to the present time less 
than two years. In another, fol. 736, he 
says that he had obtained access to His 
Majesty's presence about thirty days previous 
to the time of writing, namely, in the months 
of Rajab and Sba'ban, A.H. 843. The work 
must therefore have been composed towards 
the end of the last-named year. 

The preface begins with a disquisition on 
man considered as a microcosm, on his mental 
and moral faculties, and on kings as being 
necessary to mankind. It concludes with a 
panegyric on the wise rule of al-Malik al- 
Zahir and on his exertions against the enemies 
of the true faith. Then comes a sketch of 
his early life, fol. 8a, from his first training 
to arms, A.H. 795 or 796, to his appointment 



352 



HISTORY. 



as commander-in-chief,j$X-*J\cib\3\, A.H. 841. 
This section includes a notice of 'Alii al-DIn 
Muh. B. Muh. al-Bukhari, a disciple of Sa'd 
al-DIn al-Taftazani, whom the author calls 
his Shaikh, and who was also the spiritual 
guide of al-Malik al-Zahir. He died on the 
2nd of Ramadan, A.H. 841, as stated fol. lla 
(or on the 23rd of the same month, according 
to Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 335a). 

The body of the work consists of two dis- 
tinct parts. The first is a treatise on morals 
and politics for the special use of kings. It 
treats in separate chapters (Jv^i) of the fol- 
lowing subjects: The human soul, fol. 13d ; 
its praiseworthy qualities, fol. 166 ; know- 
ledge, fol. 23a ; humility, fol. 296 ; clemency, 
fol. 34a ; gratitude, fol. 396 ; liberality, fol. 
42a ; foresight, fol. 54a ; trust in God, 
fol. 615; justice, fol. 65a; ministers as the 
necessary props of the state, fol. 746 ; moral 
maxims, fol. 826. 

In most of the above sections the moral 
quality in question is illustrated by sacred 
texts and by examples taken from various 
works, especially from theJami' al-Hikayat ; 
lastly, the author shows, by some trait of 
his hero's life, that he was a very paragon 
of the virtue under consideration. 



The second part, <jli)\ >-, foil. 841115, 
is historical. It is a minute and circum- 
stantial chronicle of those events which took 
place in Egypt and Syria immediately before 
and after the accession of al-Malik al-Zahir. 
It begins with the dispositions taken by 
al-Malik al-Ashraf Barsabai, shortly before 
his death, 13 Dulhijjah, A.H. 841, with a 
view to insure the succession of his son. It 
concludes with the arrest of that prince, 
al-Malik al-'Aziz, when wandering in dis- 
guise through the streets of Cairo, at the 
end of Shawwal, A.H. 842 (26 Shawwal; 
v. Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 3406). But in the 
course of the narrative reference is frequently 



made to occurrences of the subsequent year, 
A.H. 843. 

The work is not mentioned in the biogra- 
phies of Ibn 'Arabshah, nor is any other 
copy known. 

II. Foil. 11161295. Extracts from the 
chronicle of al-Makrlzi for A.H. 841 844, 
continued, from another source not named, 
to A.H. 856. 

The anonymous writer says at the begin- 
ning that he transcribed the following notices 
from the history of al-Makrizi, in Cairo, at 

the beginning of Sha'bau, A.H. 842: c-J& 



Under the first two years, A.H. 841-2, 
the excerpts agree with the corresponding 
entries in al-Suluk, Or. 2902, foil. 194 
2145, with some degree of condensation. 
Under the next following years, A.H. 843 
856, foil. 12161296, there are only short 
obituary notices, among which are those of 
al-Makrizi, A.H. 845, and of Ibn 'Arabshah, 
A.H. 854. They are taken from the Hawa- 
dith al-Duhur of Ibn Taghri Birdi ; see 
Add. 23,294, foil. 488. 

In the colophon the copyist, Muh. B. 
Jamal al-Dm B. Muh. al-Matbuli al-Ansari, 
says that he finished the transcript on the 
22nd of Muharram, but does not state the 
year. 

560. 

Or. 3027. Foil. 227 ; 9J in. by 6|; 19 lines, 
3J in. long ; written in large plain Neskhi ; 
dated 11 Muharram, A.H. 1278 (A.D. 1861). 

[KREMEE, no. 25.] 

A transcript of the preceding MS. 
Copyist : jiiLJI ,** 



EGYPT. 



353 



561. 

Or. 3028. Foil. 96 ; 8 in. by 5f ; 15 lines, 
2^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
frequent addition of the vowels, and with 
red-ruled margins; dated 5 Sha'ban, A.H. 
1039 (A.D. 1630). [KEEMEK, no. 26.] 

A life of al-Malik al-Ashraf Kayitbai, with 
a history of his predecessors from the time 
of Saladin to his accession. 



Beg. 



There is neither author's name nor any 
specific title, the work being only designated 
in the text (fol. 16a) as AXS^^ ibj^M i+*-J&\. 
But the time of composition is stated with 
the utmost precision in a passage, fol. 156, 
in which the author says that " this present 
day " was the last of Sha'ban, A.H. 877 : 



A history of Kayitbai bearing the same 
date and noticed by Uri in the Bodleian 
Catalogue, p. 175, no. 800, is ascribed by a 
later hand to Jalal al-DIn B. Abi Bakr al- 
Suyuti. It has, however, a different begin- 
ning, namely, 1, J^ ^ liliy CJJU *U 



The same authorship has been assigned to 
the present work by Dr. Wahrmund, who 
published in the " Jahresberichte der k. k. 
offentlichen Lehranstalt fur orientalische 
Sprachen," Wien, 1883, extracts from our 
MS. relating to Barsbai's expeditions against 
Rhodes and Cyprus. See Baron von Kremer's 
Catalogue of his MSS., no. 26. It must be 
observed, however, that no such work appears 
in the very full list drawn up by Suyuti him- 
self of his own writings. Besides, the minute 
accounts contained in the present work of 
the Amirs engaged in every expedition, and 



of the moneys spent on the army, are hardly 
likely to have proceeded from the pen of the 
youthful professor (Suyuti was then only 
eight and twenty), fully engrossed at that 
time by the study of sacred tradition and 
law. 

The life of Kayitbai, which forms the first 
part of the work, is more a panegyric than a 
biography. Beginning with a collection of 
texts from the Goran and Hadith relating to 
justice, the author says that, noticing how 
highly al-Malik al-Ashraf was endowed with 
that virtue, he determined to write the present 
biography describing his noble qualities and 
goodly deeds, and to add to it a record of the 
Sultan's predecessors, from the time of Salah 
al-DIn Yusuf B. Ayyub to his accession, 
concluding with a few prayers handed down 
by tradition from the mouth of the Prophet. 

The early life of Kayitbai is dealt with in 
a few lines, fol. 4a. The narrative begins 
with his accession, on the 6th of Rajab, 
A.H. 872, and the expeditions sent against 
Shahsuwar in the same and the following 
year, and subsequently against Hasan Beg 
B. Karailik. (This last set out from Egypt in 
the month of Rajab, A.H. 877.) The author 
prays in conclusion for the successful issue 
of that last expedition. This is followed, 
fol. 146, by an account of the sacred buildings 
restored, and of the works of public utility 
erected, by Kayitbai, and, fol. 146, of the 
sums spent by him in charities and upon the 
army. 

The historical retrospect, which occupies 
the main part of the volume, foil. 16 96, 
becomes fuller from the reign of Barkuk to 
the author's time, and deals especially in 
great detail with the military operations in 
the reign of Barsbai. It comprises the 
following dynasties : the Ayyubis, from 
Salah al-DIn Yusuf to Shajar al-Durr, fol. 
16a; the Turkish Sultans, from al-Malik 
z z 



354 



HISTORY. 



al-Mu'izz Aibek to al-Malik al-Salih Haji, 
fol. 20#; the Circassians, from al-Malik al- 
Zahir Barkuk to the accession of Kayitbai, 
foil. 316946. 

The Khatimah contains prayers handed 
down by tradition, i^ylU &'J3\, foil. 95o. 
966. 

The following title is written by a later 
hand on the first page: 



A transcript of the present MS., dated 
A.H. 1291, is noticed, also without author's 
name, in the Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 23. 

562. 

Or. 3029. Foil. 69 ; 9J in. by 6J ; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in Neskhi ; dated 9 Rajab, 
A.H. 1295 (A.D. 1878). [KREMER, no. 27.] 

The same work, transcribed, as stated at 
the end, from a MS. in the Khedivial Library, 
dated A.H. 1039. It agrees verbatim with 
the preceding copy. 



563. 

Or. 1285. Foil. 74 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 24 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in small and neat 
Neskhi; dated end of Dulka'dah, A.H. 
(for 1043 = A.D. 1643). 



(fol. 8a) 

A historical and descriptive account of 
Egypt and Cairo, by Ibn Zahir. 



Beg. 



The author's name, which is not found in 
the text, appears in the following title pre- 



fixed by the hand of the copyist : 



The author is also called j^a ^\ in the 
Persian Catalogue of the Asiatic Society of 
Calcutta, p. 43 ; while in other copies 
(Gotha, nos. 1629, 1586) that name is 
changed to Sjj^k ^\, probably owing to a 
confusion with Ahmad B. Zuhairah al-Makki, 
Kadi of Mecca, who died A.H. 792 (see al- 
Durar al-Kaminah, fol. 26). In another 
Gotha MS., which appears to be the author's 
autograph draft, no. 1628, he calls himself 
Muhammad Abu Hamid al-Kudsi al-Misri 
al-Shafi'i, and a notice quoted from Ibn 
Ayas states that he was born A.H. 820, and 
died A.H. 888. The two names probably 
apply to the same person, Ibn Zahir being 
the patronymic of Abu Hamid. Other copies 
noticed by Stewart, p. 1876 ; Loth, no. 718 ; 
and in the Paris Catalogue, no. 1767, are 
anonymous. 

What the writer says of himself, fol. 3a, 
is that he was born and grew up near Jeru- 
salem, but that his family came from Egypt. 
He was still in Jerusalem, A.H. 843, when 
he heard his master, 'Izz al-Din al-Kudsi, 
Shaikh of al-Salihiyyah, speaking of the past 
splendour of Cairo (fol. 636. 'Izz al-Din 
'Abd al-Salam al-Sa'di al-Makdisi was Mu- 
darris of al-Salihiyyah from A.H. 840 to 
to his death, A.H. 850 ; Tins al-Jalil, p. 458). 
But he subsequently settled in Cairo, where 
he wrote the present work. He quotes as 
his masters Ibn Hajar and, more frequently, 
Taki al-Din al-Makrizi ; and in one passage, 
fol. 366, he says that he transcribed portions 
of the latter' s Khitat from the original draft 
of the author. 

In an abridged version of Ibn Ayas's 
chronicle, Add. 18,515, fol. 220a, Abu 
Hamid al-Makdisi is mentioned among 



EGYPT. 



355 



those who died during the reign of Ka- 
yitbai (A.H. 872901), and is described as 
a man of learning and the author of several 
works (v. Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 616). 

In the alleged autograph copy, Gotha, 
no. 1628, the work is said to have been 
written A.H. 861. The present MS. con- 
tains a later recension, in which the author 
speaks of al-Malik al-Ashraf Kajitbai, who 
was proclaimed A.H. 872, as the reigning 
Sultan, fol. 156. The historical sketch, 
brought down by the author to that reign, 
has been continued by another hand to 
al-Malik al-Ashraf Kanisauh al-Ghauri. 

Contents : Brief history of Egypt, from 
the earliest period to the author's time, 
fol. 36 ; districts and provincial towns, 
fol. 16a; traditions relating to Egypt's 
excellence, fol. 216; prophets, philosophers, 
kings, and learned men who were born in 
Egypt, fol. 24a ; Muslim conquest, fol. 276 ; 
fortresses, mosques, and sanctuaries, fol. 296 ; 
descriptions of Egypt by learned men, fol. 326 ; 
revenue of Egypt, before and after the con- 
quest, fol. 366 ; peculiar products of nature 
and art, fol. 406 ; wonders and curiosities, 
fol. 48a ; description of al-Kahirah, fol. 60a ; 
glories and privileges of Egypt (JA* ^U") 
set forth under thirty headings, fol. 62a ; 
Khatimah, select pieces in prose and verse 
descriptive of Egypt and its beauties, foil. 
70a 746. 

564. 

Or. 4216. Foil. 254 ; 10^ in. by 7 ; 25 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with 
occasional vowels and red-ruled margins ; 
dated Tuesday, 28 Jumada I., A.H. 1006 
(A.D. 1597). ' [LASS.] 



The well-known work of Jalal al-Dm al- 
Suyuti on the history of Egypt. 



Copyist : 

The work has been lithographed in Cairo 
about A.D. 1860, and printed there A.H. 1299. 
For MSS., see the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 157, 
571, 681 ; Pertsch, no. 1630 ; the Paris Cata- 
logue, nos.l 794 1807; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. v., p. 43 ; &c. 

565. 

Or. 3031. Foil. 46 ; 8f in. by 6; 23 lines, 
4^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
12 RabI' II., A.H. 1156 (A.D. 1743). 

[KEEMEE, no. 30.J 

History of the conquest of Egypt by 
Sultan Selim I., by Ahmad B. Zanbal al- 
Mahalli al-Rammal, who died after A.H. 961 
(see the Turkish Catalogue, p. 59, and 
Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 523). 

The MS. is imperfect at the beginning. 
The first lines are : iJLf ^ Jk\ ^3 _^)\j ^1\ 

Ui JjAJ, 
^ \jLUlj 

U 



The passage relates to one of the first 
encounters of the invading army with the 
troops of Sultan Tuman Bai on the Nile, 
and the first page is taken up by a descrip- 
tion of the single combat of the Amir Kait 
al-Rahbi (see Or. 2811, fol. 356) with Kan- 
bardi al-Ghazali. The work is designated 
at the end, fol. 33a, as follows : 



The author's name appears in the text, 
fol. 96 : J*ij ^ <u^ ^.>*j jW Utf JSUJ\ Jli 
Jl^M (J^* The work, however, is not the 
original plain narrative of Ibn Zanbal, but 
rather an amplification of it in the popular 
heroic style of Sirat 'Antar and similar 
romances. It concludes, like the original 
zz 2 



356 



HISTORY. 



work, with a short enumeration of the Turkish 
governors of Egypt, the last of whom, 'Ali 
Pasha al-Tawashi, who was in command from 
A.H. 956 'to 961 (see 'Abd ul-Kerim, Add. 
7878, fol. 9a), is spoken of as dead. 

Copies are mentioned in the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., pp. 21, 23, under the titles 
\S and <! 



The latter part of the MS., foil. 33a 466, 
contains a continuation, partly borrowed from 
the history of Mar'i al-Hanbali (the work en- 
titled mjWtJt, Uiil y*^ Jj ^ yijkUM &J ; 
see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 5606, and Wiisten- 
feld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 555). It is in- 

troduced as follows : g-i}\ ifi> U> d$& jar* J 



y- 



The continuation contains : a short chrono- 
logical list of fifteen governors of Egypt in 
the reign of Sulaiman ; an account of public 
works executed by the same Sultan in Egypt 
and in Mecca, and a sketch of Sulaiman' s suc- 
cessors down to the accession of Murad IV., 
A.H. 1033, with an enumeration of the 
governors sent by each of them to Egypt. 
The last of these is Bairam Pasha, who 
entered Cairo A.H. 1035, and remained two 
years and six months in office. 

This is followed by a Khatimah, fol. 405, 
containing Hadiths and maxims relating to 
the duties of kings and men in power towards 
their subjects. 

Copyist : ijj d\ Ju* ^ ^^ua* 

566. 

Or. 2811. Foil. 113 ; 12 in. by 8 ; 19 lines, 
5f in. long ; written in the large and stiff 
Neskhi peculiar to Christian scribes, probably 



in the 17th century, and paginated with Coptic 
figures. [GHANDOUR BEY.] 

I. Foil. 25 88a. Another recension of the 
preceding work, with the following heading : 



. 



3\ > J^^ 

Beg. jj&\ JL ,JA 



The narrative begins with the departure 
of al-Ghauri from Cairo, and his encounter 
with Sultan Selim at Marj Dabik, on Satur- 
day, the 16th of RabI' II., A.H. 922, and with 
an enumeration of the former's Amirs. The 
only division of the text results from the 
frequent occurrence of the rubric ^5!^ J 
at the beginning of paragraphs. The work 
concludes, as in the preceding MS., with the 
death of 'Ali Pasha al-Tawashi. Although 
written, like the latter copy, in popular style, 
it represents a shorter and different recension 
of Ibn Zanbal's history. 

II. 



Foil. 886 1136. yp j\j*d\ 

The alleorical work of 'Izz 



) ,j 

al-Dln 'Abd al-Salam B. Ahmad B. Ghanim 
al-Makdisi (died A.H. 678). 

The work has been edited, with a French 
translation, by 'Garcin de Tassy, Paris, 1821. 
It has been printed in Cairo, A.H. 1275, 
1280, 1307 (Khedive's Library, vol. iv., 
p. 295). See the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 340a, 
6946 ; Pertsch, no. 2693 ; the Leyden Cata- 
logue, no. 415 ; &c. 

This copy wants the last page. It ends 
abruptly with these words : i_J\kN 
(Garcin's edition, p. \\Y, line 2). 



EGYPT. 



357 



On the fly-leaf is the name and seal of the 
late owner, jj^f- &J*>\ with the date A.H. 
1286. 

567. 

Or. 4582. Foil. 249; 8 in. by 5 ; 17 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, ap- 
parently in the 17th century. 



A compendious history of Egypt from the 
earliest times to A.H. 1032. 

This copy wants the beginning of the 
preface and the author's name. The latter 
is Muhammad B. 'Abd al-Mu'ti al-Ishaki al- 
Manufi. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 5716, 
where the headings of the chapters are 
given. 

The work has been printed in Cairo, 
A.H. 1276, 1296, 1300 and 1303. For other 
copies see the Leyden Catalogue, no. 2620 ; 
Pertsch, no. 1633 ; Rosen, Institut, no. 56 ; 
the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1839 51, &c. 

It is stated at the end of the present MS. 
that the author completed the clean copy at 
the end of Dulhijjah, A.H. 1032. 

On the fly-leaf: " Bought at Mocha, 1805. 
Mount Norris." 

568. 

Or. 3030. Foil. 30 ; 8 in. by 5f ; 13 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in neat Neskhi, with 
'Unwan and red-ruled margins ; dated 21 
Dulhijjah, A.H. 1258 (A.D. 1842). 

[KEEMEB, no. 28.] 

A tract on the alleged descent of the 
Circassian kings of Egypt from the tribe of 
SLuraish. 



Beg. 



The following title is written, by the 
same hand as the text, on the fly-leaf : 



The author, who does not give his name, 
composed it, as he states in the preface, at 
the request of a Turkish officer in Egypt, 
Ridwan Beg, described as Amir al-Liwa, 
and bearer of the sacred Mahmil. His main 
authority was a treatise written for Amir 
Rustam, the grandfather of Ridwan Beg, by 
Shihab al-Dln Ahmad al-Safadi, who, as we 
learn further on, fol. 27, was Imam of a 
mosque in Akshahr, and died A.H. 980. 

The work is divided into a Mukaddimah, 
seven chapters (Fasl), treating of the 
patriarchs from Adam to Isma'il and of the 
origin and dispersion of the tribe of Kuraish, 
and, lastly, a Khatimah, which is the most 
important part of the work, and occupies 
the latter half of the volume. 

It treats of the Kuraishites who went to 
Rum in the time of Heraclius and Constan- 
tine, and of those who subsequently returned 
to the lands of Islam, including al-Malik al- 
Zahir Barkuk B. Anas, who founded the 
Circassian dynasty, A.H. 784, and his suc- 
cessors down to their overthrow, A.H. 923. 

Amir Rustam was a descendant in the 
fifth generation of al-Malik al-'Aziz Yusuf, 
who succeeded his father, Barsabai, A.H. 842. 
His genealogy is given, fol. 26a, as follows : 



He was thirteen years old at the time of 
the Turkish conquest. Having fled to the 



358 



HISTORY. 



land of the Circassians, he settled in a town 
called Basna, where he lived down to the 
time of Selim II. His grandson, Ridwan 
Beg B. Jan Beg 'Aziz B. Rustam, for whom 
the present work was written, must have 
lived in the first half of the eleventh century 
of the Hijrah. 

The work has been printed in Bulak, 
A.H. 1287. See the Khedive's Library, 
vol. v., p. 115, and Houtsma, Brill's Cata- 
logue, 1889, no. 186. 

569-70. 

Or. 1073-4 Two volumes of foil. 156 and 
144; 13f in. by 9 ; 13 lines, 5| in. long; 
written by the same hand in large Neskhi, 
early in the 19th century, and forming a 
continuous text with consecutive pagination. 

[CAUSSIN DE PERCEVAL.] 

Chronicle of daily occurrences in Cairo 
from A.H. 1099 to 1169, by the Amir 
Ahmad Katkhuda al-Damurdashi 'Azban. 

Beg. (- 



The title of the work and the author's 
name are found in the following inscription, 
written on the first page by the same hand 

as the text : < 



The author sets forth in a short preamble 
the origin of the work. He had been applied 
to by a friend for information about the 
transactions that took place in Cairo between 
the Sanjaks, the Aghas, and the commanders 
of the seven Ujaks, from the time of the 
deposition of Sultan Muhammad, and of the 



accession of his brother, Sulaiman Khan, 
down to the time of the reigning Sultan 
(Mahmud I.), A.H. 1168, and about what 
happened under the Pashas sent to Egypt 
by the Porte from A.H. 1099 downwards: 



!\ ^U- 



The main part of the work was written 
during the reign of Sultan Mahmud, who is 
referred to as the reigning sovereign as far 
down as Or. 1074, fol. 108a. His death, 
however, on the 20th of Safar, A.H. 1168, 
is recorded further on, fol. 134a, and the 
chronicle is brought down to the next 
following year. It concludes with the in- 
stallation of the new governor, Ibn al-Haklra 
'Ali Pasha (on the 1st of Jumada I., A.H. 
1169; Jabarti, vol. i., p. 189), and with the 
subsequent convocation of the Diwan. 

The narrative, which runs on from begin- 
ning to end without any division, is chiefly 
taken up with minute descriptions of the 
ceremonial observed at the installation of the 
Pashas who succeeded each other at frequent 
intervals in the government of Egypt, of 
the broils in which the Sanjaks, Aghas, and 
other officials were constantly involved, and 
of other disturbances in the streets of Cairo. 
One of the last events chronicled, Or. 1074, 
fol. 138a, is the appointment of Husain Beg, 
Nazir of the Jami' Azbak, as Amir al-Hajj, 
A.H. 1168. At the scattering of silver coins 
among the people, which took place on that 
occasion, the author was caught by a rush of 
the crowd, trampled under foot, and had his 
Tarbush torn off his head. This is the 



EGYPT. 



3.59 



author's only reference to himself that we 
have been able to discover. 

In addition to its historical value as a 
contemporary record by an eye-witness of 
an obscure period, the work possesses some 
linguistic interest. It is written by an 
illiterate person in the colloquial language of 
modern Egypt. It abounds with such vulgar 

forms as ^^ for U, { jy> for ^ (who ?), 

yA-\ for J.U-\, |^^V f r f& 1/V-j u^if" ^ OT j^"> 
&c., and with innumerable local words and 
phrases not found in dictionaries. 

M. Caussin de Perceval, for whom the 
MS. was written, has collected these new 
words and arranged them in alphabetical 
order, adding references to the pages of the 
MS., and, in some cases, French explanations. 
That glossary forms a quire of 20 leaves, 
7 in. by 4J, appended to the second volume 
of the MS. The following title, by the same 
scholar's hand, is prefixed to the first volume : 
" Eddorrat el mou^ana fi akhbar el Kinana. 
Histoire des Mamlouks de 1'an 1099 a 1'an 
1168 de 1'hegire, par 1'Emir Ahmed Demir- 
dachi en Arabe. Copie par Mikhail Sabbagh." 

The MS., from which the present copy 
was taken, had been written in the Jami' of 
'Ali Beg, Cairo, by 'Abd al-Kadir al-Hanbali, 
and completed in the month of Safar, A.H. 
1215, as stated in the colophon transcribed 
by Sabbagh. 

Copies of the same work, but without 
author's name, are noticed by Aumer, Munich 
Catalogue, no. 399, and by Pertsch, Gotha 
Catalogue, no. 1684. The former refers for 
an account of the work to J. J. Marcel, 
Histoire de 1'Egypte, p. xxv. 

571. 

Or. 3032. Foil. 171 ; 9 in. by 6 ; 27 lines, 
4 in. long; written in cursive and rather 



indistinct Neskhi; dated 14 Rabi' I., A.H. 
1263 (A.D. 1847). [KEEMEB, no. 31.] 



(fol. 6a) 

Chronicle of Cairo during the French 
occupation, from the 10th of Muharram, 
A.H. 1213, to the end of Sha'ban, A.H. 121(5 
(A.D. 17981801), by 'Abd al-Rahman B. 
Hasan al-Jabarti al-Hanafi. 



The author, born in Cairo (according to 
his own statement, 'Aja'ib al-Athar, vol. i., 
p. 203), A.H. 1167, was a member of the 
Diwan during the French occupation. He 
died in his native city, A.H. 1237. See the 
Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 83 ; the notice 
prefixed by Cardin to the " Journal d' Abdur- 
rahman Gabarti," Paris, 1838 ; Kremer, 
Aegypten, vol. ii., p. 535 ; Lane, Manners 
and Customs of the Modern Egyptians, 
5th edition, vol. i., p. 273 ; and Dorn, 
Memoires de 1'Academie Imperiale, 7 e Serie, 
tome ix., pp. 72 74. Al-Jabarti gives a 
full account of his family in the notice 
devoted to his father, 'Aja'ib al-Athar, vol. i., 
p. 385408. 

The present work was completed, as 
stated in the KMtimah, fol. 171, in the 
month of Ramadan, A.H. 1216. It is dedi- 
cated to the Grand Wazir, Yusuf Pasha, 
who had just occupied Cairo evacuated by 
the French, and restored the Turkish rule in 
Egypt. 

In the preface, after some considerations 
upon the past greatness of Egypt, and the 
decay which laid it open to foreign invaders, 
the author praises the reigning Sultan, 
Selim III., and the above-mentioned Grand 
Wazir. He says further on that he had 



360 



HISTORY. 



added to the present journal some pieces in 
prose and verse, due to his learned friend, 
Hasan B. Muhammad al-'Attar. The pre- 
face is followed by a Mukaddimah, fol. 6<z, 
consisting of a brief retrospect on the past 
history of Egypt. 

The journal, which forms the main bulk 
of the volume, foil. 96 1706, has been 
translated into French by Cardin, and pub- 
lished by T. X. Bianchi, 1838. It has been 
subsequently incorporated by the author, 
with a few alterations, in his great chronicle 
inscribed jb-^\j f*-]jN <j jWl ^^", which 
extends from the beginning of the 12th 
century of the Hijrah to the end of A.H. 
1236. The latter work has been printed in 
four volumes, Bulak, A.H. 1297, and re- 
printed in the marginsof the Kamil, A.H.1302. 
A French translation by Egyptian scholars is 
now in course of publication, Cairo, 1888, 
&c., under the title of "Merveilles biogra- 
phiques et historiques." In most MSS. the 
work concludes with A.H. 1220. See the 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 682S; Rosen, Institut, 
no. 60 ; De Slane, Paris Catalogue, nos. 
186166 ; Preston, Bibl. Burckhardt., p. 6 ; 
Houtsma, no. 187 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., p. 83. 

The present work agrees in the main 
textually with the corresponding portion of 
the 'Aja'ib al-Athar, viz., vol. iii., from the 
beginning to p. 206. The latter differs 
from it by a few omissions, but still 
more by additions. Poetical pieces given 
t'n extenso in the MS., foil. 69-70, 136, 138, 
163, are omitted, or cut down to a few lines, 
in the large chronicle. On the other hand, 
the latter work has at the end of each year 
obituary notices, wanting (with the exception 
of those of Murad Bey and a few other 
Amirs, foil. 1416 150a) in the present MS. 
The full report of the trial of Kleber's 
assassin, and the author's reflections on 



French procedure, pp. 116 133, are also 
wanting in the MS., as well as many of the 
entries in the last months, from Rabi' II. to 
Sha'ban, A.H. 1216. 

The above-mentioned French version of 
Cardin extends to the 10th of Shawwal, 
A.H. 1216. It is translated, with some 
degree of condensation, not from the present 
work, but from the corresponding portion 
of the 'Aja'ib al-Athar, viz., vol. iii., pp. 
2208. 

Copies of the Mazhar al-Takdis are noticed 
in the Bibliotheca Burckardtiana, p. 12, 
no. 60, and in the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 153. 

A Turkish translation of the work, written 
by order of Selim III., A.H. 1222, by 
Mustafa Behjet Efendi, was printed in Con- 
stantinople, A.H. 1281. See Cardin, I.e., 
p. 4, and Schlechta Vssehrd, Denkschriften 
der k. k. Akademie, vol. via'., p. 13. 

The present MS., written by Ahmad Rizk, 
is stated at the end to be the property of 
the author's son Mahfuz : 



History of Syria. 

572. 

Or. 1547. Foil. 155 ; 6f in. by 4|; 24 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in small and fair Neskhi, 
with red-ruled margins ; dated 1 Rabi' I., 
A.H. 1116 (A.D. 1704). 

[SiE HENEY C. RAWLINSON.] 



The well-known account of the Temple 
of Jerusalem, by Shams al-Dln Abu 'Abd- 



SYRIA. 



361 



allah Muhammad B. Shihfib al-Dm Abi '1- 
'Abbiis Ahmad B. 'AH al-Sanhaii al-Usyuti 

. j i/ 

al-Shafi'i. See the Arabic Catalogue, p. 1GO. 

Beg. *La=^\ ^ Jjlvo LU t^iM 4ll 1 XU 

The name of the author is found in the 
following title written on the first page by 
the same hand as the text : 



411 



J-UH 



The Nisbah ( _ 5 \^:xa!l is apparently a clerical 

error for ^s-l^j^* found in other copies. See 
the Leyden Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 176; Uri, 
Bodleian Catalogue, no. 823, vol. ii., p. 596 ; 
and Rosen, Institut, no. 42. The Amir al- 
Saifi Janum, to whom the author is said, in 
the above title, to have been attached as 
secretary, *Jy>, was transferred, A.H. 874, 
from the government of Damascus to that 
of Jerusalem, and made his entry into the 
latter city in the month of Shawwal, i.e., a 
few days after the author, who states in the 
preface, fol. 41, that he arrived in Jerusalem 
on the 28th of Ramadan of the same year. 
See Uns al-Jalil, Add. 9974, fol. 2306, where 
the Amir's full name is given, viz., Yusuf 
al-Amir al-Jamali, called Ibn Futais, Kha- 
zindar Janum. 

The present work was compiled, as stated in 
the preface, A.H. 875, from two earlier works, 
viz., (.ViMj (_^^ X,bj jj\ JjiM^ju* by Shihab 
al-Dm Abu Mahmud Ahmad B. Muh. B. 
Ibrahim al-Makdisi (v. supra no. 500), and 
(_vj > Hi\ OAJ JSLii (j (_)*>/4l (Jj}\ l>y the Sayyid 
Taj al-Dm Abu '1-Nasr 'Abd al-Wahhab B. 



Muh. al-Husaini al-Shafi'i al-Dimashki, who is 
spoken of as still living, but who died, as stated 
by Haj. Khal., in the same year, A.H. 875 ; 
see vol. iii., p. 493. 

Steinschneider has pointed out the identity 
of the author with Shams al-Dln Muh. B. 
Ahmad B. 'Ali al-Suyuti al-Shafi'i, who was 
born, as stated by al-Sakhitwi in the I)au, 
A.H. 810, and wrote a formulary of legal 
documents under the title ajSuN^fc^*. (Haj. 
Khal., vol. ii., p. 644). See Polemische und 
apologetische Literatur, pp. 169 176. 

Some notices of the author's life will be 



found in the Arabic Catalogue, p. 570, note c; 
in Wiistenfeld's Geschichtschreiber, no. 496 ; 
and in the introduction to some extracts from 
the present work edited and translated by 
Guy Le Strange, Journal of the R. Asiatic 
Society, 1887, pp. 247305. For other 
copies, see Pertseh, no. 1718 ; the Paris 
Catalogue, no. 2255 ; and the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., p. 3. 

Copyist : Ji 



573. 

Or. 1546. Foil. 254 ; 8-J- in. by 6 ; 25 lines, 
3f in. long ; written partly in Neskhi, partly 
in Nestalik, with 'Unwan and gold-ruled 
margins; dated 25 Rajab, A.H. 1144 (A.D. 
1731). [SiR HENEY C. EAWLINSON.] 



A history of Jerusalem and Hebron, 
brought down to the end of A.H. 900, by 
Mujir al-Dm al-'Ulaimi. See above, no. 488. 

The work has been printed in two volumes, 
Cairo, A.H. 1283. A French translation of 
some select portions has been published by 
Henry Sauvaire, Paris, 1886. For MS. copies, 
see the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 161, 571 ; the 
3 A 



362 



HISTORY. 



Leyden Catalogue, vol. ii., p. 175-6 ; Pertsch, 
no. 1716 ; the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1671 82 ; 
Rosen, Institut, no. 45 ; and Steinschneider, 
Polemische Literatur, p. 177. 

An appendix to this copy contains the 
following pieces : 1. A eulogy on the work 
by the Shaikh al-Islam Kamal al-Din Abu '1- 
Ma'ali Muh. B. Muh. B. Abi Sharif, to whom 
it is stated to have been submitted for re- 
vision, A.H. 902. 2. A record of the latter's 
death on the eve of the 15th of Jumada I., 
A.H. 906. 3. Two eulogies on the work by 
other scholars. 4. A notice of the author's 
death, which took place on the 3rd of Rajab, 
A.H. 927. A similar appendix is noticed 
by Baron Rosen in the MS. of the Institut, I.e. 

A modern table of contents occupies six 
pages at the beginning. 

On the first page is written : " Purchased 
by me at Baghdad. Good copy. Dec. 20, 
1845. H. Rawlinson." 



574. 

Or. 3033. Foil. 107 ; 8 in. by 6|; 17 lines, 
3J in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, in the 
19th century. [KREMER, no. 32.] 



History of Ahmad Pasha al-Jazzar and 
of some events which followed his death, 
from A.H. 1219 to A.H. 1225, by a Syrian 
Christian, whose name does not appear. 

Beg. lib 



The date A.H. 1225 in the following 
colophon relates to the composition of the 
work : u \ U ^ trro i, Jv Jj fcJ3>\ U* ojj 

Jj\ fcjltf JJO 



The date of transcription, which was 
written lower down, has been blotted out. 

For other copies, see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 4366 ; Aumer, Munich Catalogue, no. 428 ; 
and the Paris Catalogue, no. 2166. 



The Holy Cities. 

575. 

Or. 3034. Foil. 118 ; 6 in. by 5 ; from 18 
to 19 lines, 3f in. long ; written in small, 
neat, and flowing Neskhi, with frequent 
addition of vowels, apparently in the 15th 
century. [KREMER, no. 33.] 



An account of the holy places of Mecca 
and Medina, partly based upon the work of 
al-Azraki, by Sa'd al-Din Sa'd-allah B. 'Umar 
B. Muh. al-Isfara'ini. 



Beg. 



The name and titles of the author are 
written at the beginning, after the above title, 

as follows : i_JW\ 



[sic] ^ 



In the preface, an extract from which has 
been given by Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 534, 
the author describes the work as follows : 

AJJ &&#j (J 1 -*-* <& 



He extracted it from the history of Mecca, 
^> XjlJ, compiled by Abu'l-Walld Muh. B. 



THE HOLY CITIES. 



363 



'Abdallah B. Abi'l-Walid Ahmad B. Muh. 
B. al-Walid al-Ghassani al-Azraki al-Shafi'i 
al-Makki, after he had heard the whole of 
that work read before the Kadi Abu '1-Yumn 
Muh. B. Ahmad B. Kasim al-Kurashi al- 
'Umari al-Shafi'i al-Makki al-Harazi. That 
reading, which took place in the holy sanc- 
tuary, i-Ji^lM gU, was completed on the 13th 
of Safar, A.H. 702. The author added some 
Hadiths relating to the merits and rewards 
attached to the performanceof the pilgrimages 
(Hajj and 'Umrah), and an appendix treating 
of the sanctity of Medina and of the pil- 
grimage to the Prophet's tomb, with some 
historical notices. 

Al-Azraki, author of the original work, 
&cjUi.1, published by Wiistenfeld, Leipzig, 
1858, died A.H. 244. See the preface, 
pp. viii. xiii., and, for copies, ib., p. xix., 
and Pertsch, Gotha Catalogue, no. 1705. 

The author's teacher, Taki al-Din Muh. B. 
Ahmad al-Harazi, Kadi and Khatlb of Mecca, 
was born A.H. 706, and died A.H. 765. See 
al-Durar al-Kamiuah, Or. 3044, fol. 566. 

The Zubdat al-A'mal departs too widely 
from Azraki's work to be called an abridgment 
of it. The historical matter of the original 
work is cut down to a minimum, while the 
main part of the volume is taken up by 
legends relating to the holy places and 
traditions respecting the efficacy of the rites 
performed in the same. The author betrays 
a marked leaning to Sufism, and dwells at 
length, foil. 386 43a, on the recondite, or 
spiritual, import of the rites of the pil- 
grimage, J^j\f*\J* <j- His longest chapter, 

foil. 43 595, is devoted to anecdotes re- 
lating to visits paid to Mecca by holy Sufis 
and to their miracles and supernatural mani- 
festations. 

The work is divided into two Babs. The 
first, relating to the Ka'bah, consists of 54 



Fasls. The second treats of Medina in 25 
Fasls. The contents are stated in full at 
the end of the preface, foil. 2b 46 ; but the 
order of the chapters of Bab I. has been 
considerably altered in the body of the 
volume. Bab II. is imperfect at the end, 
breaking off in the course of the 12th Fasl. 
The subjects of the extant chapters are as 
follows : 1. Genealogy of Muhammad, and 
of the four legitimate Khalifs, fol. 102rt. 
2. Names of Medina, and excellence of its 
inhabitants, fol. 1046. 3. Sanctity of Medina, 
fol. 1076. 4. The taking of Medina, fol. 109a. 
5. Death of the Prophet, fol. 1096. 6. Merits 
attached to a stay in Medina, fol. 112. 
7 12. Sanctity of the mosque of the Prophet, 
of al-Raudah and of the pulpit ; of tlu- 
tomb of the Prophet ; of the pillar called al- 
Mukhallafah ; of the pillar of penitence, 

jj3! ii^uJ ; and rites to be observed in 

visiting the tomb of the Prophet, foil. 
11261186. 

The latest notice in the work relates to a 
covering of the Ka'bah given by al-Ashraf, 
Sultan of Egypt (Sha'ban, A.H. 764777), 
and bearing the date A.H. 769 (wrongly 
altered in the MS., fol. 63a, to 779). 

Two copies of the same work are noticed 
in the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1631-32. In 
the first of them the author is called Abu'l- 
Hasan 'Ali B. Nasir al-Makki al-Shafi'i al- 
Ash'ari. 

576. 

Or. 3615. Foil. Ill ; 7 in. by 5J; 17 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in large and bold Neskhi, 
with occasional vowels ; apparently in the 
15th century. [G. C. EENOUAED.] 



A descriptive and historical account of 
Medina, by Zain al-Din Abu Bakr B. al- 

3 A 2 



364 



HISTORY. 



Husain B. 'Umar al-Kurashi al-'Uthmani al- 
Misri al-Maraghi al-Madani al-Shafi'i. 

Beg. 



The author was born in Egypt, A.H. 728 
or 729, and studied in Cairo. He subse- 
quently took up his abode in Medina, where 
he was appointed Kadi and Khatib, A.H. 800, 
and where he died on the 16th of Dulhijjah, 
A.H. 816. See Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 210a; 
Suluk, fol. 176 ; and Wiistenfeld, Geschicht- 
schreiber, no. 463. His name, which does 
not appear in the text, is given in the pre- 

fixed title : 



It appears still more fully in a Sama' 
dated A.H. 776, transcribed from an earlier 
copy at the end, fol. Ilia: <^j\? & **? U 



In the preface the author says that the 
most complete and accurate work on Medina 

was auj^ jV^ (j *i^^ ? j^^ by al-Hafiz 
Muhibb al-DIn B. al-Najjar (Abu 'Abdallah 
Muh. B. Mahmud, author of a history of 
Baghdad, who died A.H. 643 ; see Mir'at al- 
Jinan, Or. 1511, fol. 3565; Wiistenfeld, 
no. 327 ; and the Paris Catalogue, no. 1630). 
A supplement written by Jamal al-DIn al- 
Matari (Muh. B. Ahmad B. Khalaf, who 
died A.H. 741 ; see al-Durar al-Kaminah, 
Or. 3044, fol. 50&, Wiistenfeld, no. 405), 
being in some points defective, "he determined 



to combine both works into one, leaving out 
the Isnads, and making useful additions of 
his own. The work was completed, as 
stated by the author at the end, on the 
12th of Rajab, A.H. 766. 

It is divided into a Mukaddimah, four 
Babs, and a Khatimah, as follows : Mukad- 
dimah. Excellence of Medina ; its names ; 
sanctity of its mosque, fol. 36. Bab I. 
History of the Hijrah ; description and 
history of the mosques in Medina ; in six 
Fasls,fol.l26. Babll. Deaths of Muhammad, 
of Abu Bakr, and of 'Umar; rites to be 
observed in visiting their tombs ; three Fasls, 
fol. 50a. Bab III. Sanctity of mount Ohod ; 
its martyrs ; mosques and wells in the neigh- 
bourhood of Medina ; three Fasls, fol. 73a. 
Bab IV. Rivers of Medina; digging of the 
moat; limits of the sacred territory, &c., 
fol. 986. Khatimah. Blessed state of those 
who die in Medina ; verses exciting longing 
for such an end, foil. 108o 1106. 

There is a lacuna in Bab IV. after fol. 107. 
It extends from the section treating of the 
sacred territory to the predictions relating 
to the future fate of Medina. On fol. 286 is 
a rough plan of the house of 'A'ishah. 

This MS. is noticed in Dr. John Lee's 
Catalogue, no. 25, 2nd edition, no. 112, 
where it is wrongly described as an auto- 
graph MS. It is not free from clerical 
errors. Several are corrected in the margin 
by one 'Abd al-Basit, who collated it with 
an earlier MS. (see fol. 12a). 

The work is mentioned by Haj. Khal., 
vol. ii., pp. 246, 144, and by Wiistenfeld, 
Gesch. der Stadt Medina, p. 7. For other 
copies see the Bodleian Catalogue, vol. i., 
nos. 769, 852, vol. ii., p. 5956 ; Pertsch, 
no. 1713 ; and the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 32. The Ta'rikh al-Madinah of Zain al- 
Dm al-Maraghi is quoted in the Tuhfat al- 
Ashab, Or. 3703, fol. 194a. 



YEMEN. 



365 



577. 

Or. 4584. Poll. 42 ; 7 in. by 5 ; 17 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in neat vocalized 
Neskhi ; dated Zabld, Monday, 16 Rajab, 
A.H. 831 (A.D. 1428). 

[G. CECIL RENOUARD.] 

An account of the four sanctuaries of 
Islam, namely, the Ka'bah and the mosques 
of Medina, Jerusalem, and al-Khalll, or 
Hebron, by Shams al-Dm Muhammad B. 
Ishak al-Khuwarazmi ; abridged by Muham- 
mad B. Ahmad B. Muh. B. al-Zamlakani al- 

Ansari al-Shafi'i : jjjiSMj L-*xs^lM 'ij3\ ^ola 
A\ J\ j*i&\ ^ijJ\3 j.iJt c^\j M ,x>Uy J\ 



dU\ 



Beg. 



The work is divided into four parts (Kism), 
with the following headings : 

K* JjLiJ jij ^ I. 
(j II. 
> j III. 
j IV. 

It contains little historical matter, and 
deals chiefly with traditions relating to the 
sanctity of the holy places, and to the 
rewards of pilgrimage. The author of the 
original work lived in the latter half of the 
eighth century of the Hijrah. He mentions, 
fol. 21, repairs of the Prophet's pulpit in the 
mosque of Medina, executed by order of al- 
Malik al-Nasir Hasan B. al-Nasir Muh. B. 
Kala'iin, who disappeared A.H. 762, and is 
here spoken of as dead. An additional 



notice inserted in the same place by the 
abbreviator, relates to further repairs made 
A.H. 823 at the expense of al-Malik al- 
Mu'ayyad Shaikh (A.H. 815824). 

The MS. is the autograph draft of the 
abbreviator. It belonged to Dr. John Lee, 
in whose catalogue it is entered under 
no. 110, p. 36. 



History of Yemen. 

578. 

Or. 2901. Foil. 193; 10iin.by7|-; 25 lines, 
5^ in. long; written in fair Neskhi, with 
occasional vowels, but with frequent omission 
of the diacritical points, with red-ruled 
margins ; dated (fol. 1826) the first day of 
Sha'ban, A.H. 1031 (A.D. 1622). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

I. Foil. 1110. History of the kings of 
Yemen, by Abu Muhammad 'Abd al-Malik 
B. Hisham (d. A.H. 218), with the following 
title : ) 



Beg. 



The above title, Kitrib al-TIjan, is not 
found in the text ; but another copy, in the 
possession of Capt. W. F. Prideaux, is called 
by him Tijan fi Muluk Himyar (Lay of the 
Himyarites, p. xiv.), and a work of that 
name by Ibn Hisham is mentioned by Haj. 
Khal., vol. ii., p. 185, vol. v., p. 66. See 



366 



HISTORY. 



also u L*p\ cJjUJ yl^ in Ahlwardt's 
Verzeichniss der Glaser'schen Sammlung, 
no. 97. 

Earlier authorities, such as Ibn Khallikan, 
Wiistenf eld's edition, no. 390, and Suyuti, 
Bughyat al-Wu'at, fol. 161, only designate 
Ibn Hisham's work as treating of the 
genealogy of the Himyarites and their kings, 

l^^lcj j^ L_AJ\ (j v 11 ^- It is also 
entered in that form by Haj. Khal., vol. i., 
p. 455. 

Wahb B. Munabbih, who died in San'a, 
A.H. 110 or 114 (v. Ibn Kutaibah, p. 233 ; 
Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's translation, vol. 
iii., p. 671 ; Sprenger, Leben des Moham- 
meds, vol. i., p. 55, vol. iii., p. cxi., and 
Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, no. 16), is 
the principal authority of Ibn Hisham, who, 
according to the above Isnad, often repeated 
in the course of the work, had received his 
traditions through two intermediate links, 
viz., Abu Idris B. Sinan, a daughter's son 
of Wahb, and Asad B. Musa. But there 
are many additions made by Ibn Hisham in 
his own name, or on the authority of some 
of his contemporaries. He quotes among 
the latter al-Laith B. Sa'id, fol. 19ot ; Abu 
Luhai'ah, fol. 41a ; Abu 'Abd al-Il, fol. 696 ; 
Harnmad B. Ishak, fol. 71a ; 'Amir B. 
Jurhum, fol. 806; Hisham B. Muh. (the 
author's father), fol. 82a ; al-Haitham B. 
'Adi, fol. S6rz; and Ziyad B. 'Abdallah, 
fol. 103a (these last two transmitted to him 
the traditions of Muhammad B. Ishak). 
Early poets are also frequently quoted, 
and poetical pieces of doubtful origin are 
copiously inserted. 

The first pages of the work deal with 
Creation, and with the Patriarchs from 
Adam to Noah. The special history begins, 
fol. 86, with Hud and the 'Adites. The 
leading names and subjects are as follows : 



Kahtfm, son of Hud, fol. 130. Ya'rub, 
fol. 136. Yashhub, il). 'Abd Shams, or 
Saba, ib. Himyar, fol. 15a. Wa'il, fol. 166. 
Al-Saksak, fol. Via. Ya'fur, ib. Amir Du 
Riyash, fol. 176. Al-Mu'afir, fol. 186. 
Shaddad B. 'Ad, fol. 19a. Lukman B. 'Ad, 
called al-Ra'ish al-Akbar, fol. 196. Al- 
Hammal B. 'Ad, fol. 21 b. Al-Harith B. al- 
Hammfd, called al-Ra'ish al-Asghar and 
Du '1-Marathid, ib. Al-Sa'b Du '1-K amain 
B. al-Harith, fol. 226. Abrahafa B. al-Sa'b, 
fol. 38a. Al-'Abd B. Abrahah, called Du '1- 
Asrar, fol. 396. 'Amr B. Abrahah, Du '1- 
Ad'ar, fol. 400. Shurahbil B. 'Amr B. 
Ghalib, fol. 406. Al-Hidhad B. Shurahbil, 
ib. Bilkls Bint al-Hidhad, fol. 466. Raj'im 
[Rahab'im] B. Sulaiman, fol. 54a. Malik 
B. 'Amr B. Ya'fur, called Nashir al-Ni'am, 
fol. 546. The Jurhumis in Mecca, with 
stories relating to lalut (Saul), Ilyas, &c., 
fol. 576. Continuation of Niishir al-Ni'am, 
fol. 736. Shammir Ra'sh B. Nashir al- 
Ni'am, fol. 746. Tubba' Saifi B. Shammir 
Ra'sh, fol. 90. 'Amr B. Amir B. Muzai- 
kiya and the dyke of Ma'rib, fol. 906. The 
tribe of Ghassan, fol. 94a. 'Amr B. Jafnah, 
and his successors in Syria, fol. 1006. 
Rabl'ah B. Nasr B. Malik, fol. 103a. Fire- 
worship of the Himyarites, fol. 1046. 'Amr 
B. Tibban, fol. 1056. 'Abd Kalil B. Manun, 
fol. 106a. Tubba' B. Hassan, {6. Rabi'ah 
B. Marthad, ib. Hassan B. 'Amr, ib. Abra- 
hah al-Sabbah, fol. 1066. Lukhaibi'ah B. 
Batuk, ib. Du Nuwas As'ad, ib. Abrahah 
al-Ashram, fol, 1076. Yaksum B. Abrahah, 
fol. 108a. Saif B. Di Yazan, fol. 109a. 

Ibn Hisham's work concludes, fol. 109a, 
with these words : 



The next three pages, fol. 1096-1106, con- 
tain an appendix from another source, re- 



YEMEN. 



307 



lating to 'Abel al-Muttalib and his dealings 
with Saif B. Di Yazan. It begins : 



(_ JU* 



)jjb 



wo) 



It is imperfect at the end. 

IT. Foil. 111181. Legends of the kings 
of Yemen, as told by 'Abid B. Sharyah al- 
Jurhumi in answer to the questions of 
Mu'awiyah, with the heading: 



Beg. U 






'Abid B. Sharyah al-Jurhumi, who lived 
in San'a, proceeded to the Court of Mu'a- 
wiyah, with whom he became a great 
favourite. He stayed in Damascus, where 
he died in the Khilafat of 'Abd al-Malik B. 
Marwan, A.H. 6586. He is said to have 
composed a history of the kings of Yemen, 

ejuilU jU^j cUj!A\ V 1 ^- See Fihrist, p. 89 ; 
Ibn Kutaibah, p. 265 ; and Wiistenfeld, Ge- 
schichtschreiber, no. 5. 'Abid B. Sharyah 
is frequently quoted by the commentator of 
the Kasldah Himyariyyah. See the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 486a, and Kremer, Siidarab- 
ische Sage, pp. 46 52. 

The present work is evidently apocryphal, 
and betrays from the outset its legendary 
character. Mu'awiyah, we are told at the 
beginning, took towards the close of his life 
the greatest delight in listening to stories of 
the past. 'Amr B. al-'As [who died, how- 
ever, at the beginning of Mu'awiyah's reign, 
A.H. 43], having advised him to send for 



al-Jurhumi, then staying at al-Rakkah, 
^b fj&\ (_sfcjii J\, who had seen the kings 
of idolatrous times, and was best informal 
of the history and genealogy of the Arabs, 
he did so, and received him with marked 
attention. Questioned as to his age, 'Abid 
[the MS. has 'Ubaid] answers that he liad 
seen a hundred and fifty years, and that the 
invasion of the Abyssinians and the stoning 
of the Ka'bah were to him as things of 
yesterday. 

The narrative, which is copiously inter- 
spersed with verses, takes the shape of a 
dialogue, in which 'Abid answers the ques- 
tions put by Mu'awiyah. The first of these 
relate to Hud, to the dispersion of tongues 
in Babel, and to Ya'rub B. Kali tan, the first 
who migrated from Babel to Arabia. The 
leading subjects are indicated by the follow- 
ing rubrics : Destruction of 'Ad, fol. 116i*. 
The latter 'Adites, fol. 133ft. Thamud, 
fol. 1346. Jurhum, and their emigration 
from Yemen, fol. 145a. Nashir al-Ni'am, 
fol. 1566. Sharnmir Yar'ush B. Ifrikis B. 
Abrahah, fol. 158a. Tubba' al-Akran, or 
Du'1-Karnain, fol. 159i. Malkikarib B. 
Tubba', fol. 162a. Tubba' B. Malkikarib, 
or As'ad Abu Karib al-Ausat, ib. 

The death of this last is recorded on 
fol. 179a, and followed by some account of 
his sons, Hassan and Ma'di Karib. 

The text ends abruptly, fol. 181&, with 
the story of a banquet offered by al-Aswad 
and the tribe of Jadis to the chiefs of the 
tribe of Tarns, at which the latter were 
treacherously murdered. The next page, 
fol. 182, contains an extract from Mas'udi's 
Muruj al-Dahab, relating to the same event. 

The copyist, 'Ali B. Sa'id B. Muh. B. 

c,. 

Hajir al-Kumlani, ,j^Ua^, says in the colo- 
phon that he had transcribed the MS., from 



368 



HISTORY. 



an incorrect copy, jJL 'ijf^ ( .y, for a noble 
personage, Shihab al-Din Ahmad B. al- 
Shaikh 'AH B. 'Abdallah al-Rammah, who is 
described as a sainted Shaikh and a lion in 

battle, 



The MS. passed subsequently into the 
possession of a later member of the same 
family, Diya al-Dln Salih B. Ahmad B. Salih 
B. 'Izz 'al-Din B. "'All B. 'Abdallah al- 
Rammah, whose genealogy is traced up, fol. 
184a, to Kahtan. This last owner entered, 
A.H. 1155, and in subsequent years, notes 
relating to some plantations of his, and to 
the birth of his children, foil. 1835, 1846, 
and 1915. His death, A.H. 1176, is recorded 
fol. 16. 

III. Foil. 18461916. Miscellaneous ex- 
tracts written by the same, hand as artt. I. 
and II., viz., Pieces of poetry ascribed to 
As'ad al-Kamil, Nashwan B. Sa'id al-Him- 
yari, and al-Kadi Ibrahim al-Sahili, called 
al-Tuwaijin, who died A.H. 739' (or A.H. 
747, according to al-Makkari, vol. i., p. 589). 
Extract from jAr -M JjU* Jj JJt ijJ\ jJUa* (by 
'Ala al-Dln 'Ali B. 'Abdallah al-Baha'i, 
who died A.H. 815; Haj. Khal., vol. v., 
p. 815), relating to some famous ancient 
buildings, fol. 186a. Extract from Ibn 
Badrun's commentary on Ibn 'Abdun, re- 
lating to the adventure of Jabalah B. 
al-Aiham, fol. 1896. Extract from 'Imad 
al-Dln B. Khathir's notice of al-Walid B. 
'Abd al-Malik, fol. 191a. 

Fol. 192 contains, by a later hand, a piece 
in vulgar Arabic verse, entitled 
and beginning : 







U)\. 



579. 

Or. 2424. Foil. 181 ; 13 in. by 8 ; 28 or 
29 lines, 5^- in. long ; written in large and 
cursive Arabic ; dated 15 RabP I., A.H. 1298 
(A.D. 1881). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

A transcript of the preceding MS. 

580. 

Or. 1382. Foil. 67; 8| in. by 7^; from 20 
to 22 lines, 4J in. long ; written in fair, but 
imperfectly pointed, Neskhi, with red-ruled 
margins ; dated in the castle of Rada', 
pbj y*>- (j^jjsft, 5 Ramadan, A.H. 1087 
(A.D. 1676). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 



The eighth Book of the Iklil, or historical 
and geographical account of Yemen, by al- 
Hasan al-Hamdani, with the title, fol. 10a : 



+* 



The latter part of the above inscription 
was evidently a marginal gloss to the word 
ji*.*, which the copyist has mistaken for a 
part of the title. 

Abu Muh. al-Hasan B. Ahmad B. Ya'kub, 
called Ibn Ha'ik, al-Hamdani al-Yamani al- 
Hanafi, is described by Suyuti, Bughyat 
al-Wu'at,fol. 1136, on the authority of Khaz- 
raji, as the greatest scholar of Yemen. He 
was born in San'a, but spent most of his life 
in Sa'dah. He died, according to Haj. Khal., 
vol. i., p. 392, A.H. 334. See also Hammer, 
Arab. Literaturgesch., vol. iv., p. 467, vol. 



YEMEN. 



369 



vii., p. 831 ; Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, 
DO. 110; Sprenger, Post und Reiserouten, 
p. xviii. ; and Kremer, SUdarabische Sage, 
p. 46, note 2. 

The contents of the whole work have been 
stated and the present MS. described by 
Prof. D. H. Miiller, in his Siidarabische 
Studien, Sitzungsberichte der k. Akaderaie, 
Band Ixxxvi., Wien, 1877, pp. 112114. A 
table of contents of the ten books of which 
the work consists is written on the first 
page under the above title. It will be found 
printed in extenso, ib., p. 108, note 2. The 
headings of the present volume, which deals 
with the castles, forts, and monuments of 
Yemen, are also given in full, as well as 
the colophon of the MS., ib., pp. 109 111. 



Copyist : 



J 



Uo 



For copies of the same volume see Miiller, 
I.e., p. 109; Noldeke, Zeitschrift der D. Morg. 
Ges., vol. xl., p. 310 ; and Ahlwardt's 
Verzeichuiss der Glaser'schen Sammlung, 
no. 254. 

Foil. 1 9 contain the following pieces, 
written by various hands : 

1. Copy of a letter written by 'Imad al- 
Din Yahya B. Ibrahim B. Ahmad Jahhaf, in 
answer to Amir al-Mumimn al-Mahdi li-Dln 
Allah Ahmad B. al-Hasan, dated 1st Shaw- 
wal, A.H. 1087, fol. 16. 

2. j*. y. jiU AAP U-jJ J** J j*^ **, 

the first page -only of a commentary so called, 
by Shaikh 'Abd al-Kadir Ibn al-Fakihi al- 
Makki, upon a Kasidah by Shaikh Ghiyath 
al-Din "Wall Allah 'Abd al-Hadi 
al-Yamani, fol. 4a. 

3. A Kasidah by al-Faklh Ibrahim al- 
Muhtadi, inciting the sons of the Imam to 
avenge the repulse of the Amir al-Hajj from 
Mecca, A.H. 1083, fol. 56. 



Beg. 

4. Verses by al-Kadi 'Abd al-Rahtnan al- 
Khaulani, fol. 7b. 



581. 

Or. 3783. Foil. 135; 8f in. by 6; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in rather cursive Neskhi ; 
dated (fol. 776) 25 Dulka'dah, A.H. 1112 
(A.D. 1701). [GLASEE, no. 68.] 

I. Foil. 174. The tenth volume of the 
same, work, with this title : ,U!\ 



Beg. 



J\ 



The contents agree substantially, in spite 
of occasional variations, with the summary 
of D. H. Miiller. The copy concludes with 

these words : 



J\ 

II. Foil. 75 77. A notice relating to 
mines of metals and precious stones in 

Yemen : 



Beg. 



It is stated at the end to have been tran- 
scribed from an old MS. for Shaikh Diya al- 
Din Zaid B. Salah al-.Dibani. 

III. Foil. 7883. Notices relating to the 
tribe of Hamdan, and especially to the part 
3u 



370 



HISTORY. 



played by Hamdanis in the conflict between 
'AH and Mu'awiyah, with this title : 



Beg. 



<jJJ\ 



JUb 



IV. Foil. 84135. A work on Arab 
genealogy, relating especially to the tribes 
and noble families of Yemen, by al-Malik al- 
Ashraf Abu Hafs 'Umar B. al-Sultan Yusuf 
B. 'Umar B. 'AH Ibn Rasul al-Ghassani, 

with this title: !*>* J i 



Jj 



J 



ls>,i:Lx, 

J 



liU- 



The contents are as follows : Tribes issued 
from Kahtan, V^b.Uij ^Uaa? yii, beginning 
with the genealogy of Kahtan, fol. 86a. 
Genealogy of Himyar, fol. lOOa. Genealogy 
of 'Adnan, fol. 105fe. Genealogy of Muham- 
mad, with an account of the Khalifs down 
to the extinction of the 'Abbasides, fol. 109a. 
Genealogy of the great kings, the Banu al- 

Kasul, JyjKj> {&*& uUjUl *~^, fol. 117 a. 
Genealogy of the Sharifs of Yemen and 
Hijaz, issued from Hasan or Husain, fol. 
118. Genealogy of other noble families of 
Yemen, issued from 'Adnan or Himyar, 



beginning with the Banu Da'ud al-Musiyyun, 
noble chiefs of the Arabs in Yemen, ^jb ^ 

, fol. 1266 135a. 



Al-Malik al-Ashraf, to whom the work 
is ascribed, was the third king of the Rasuli 
dynasty. He reigned A.H. 694 96. 

582. 

Or. 3021. Foil. 60 ; 9 in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
3f in. long ; written in Neskhi ; dated 29 
Jumada II., A.H. 1296 (A.D. 1879). 

[KEEMEE, no. 19.] 

Another copy of the tenth volume of the 
Iklil, with this title: y>j 



Under the above title is written a state- 
ment of the contents of the ten volumes of 
the Iklil, with four verses in praise of that 
work by Muh. B. al-Hasan al-Kala'i. 

Beg. L-Atf' ^. 



This table agrees with that which Miiller 
gives, I.e., p. 108, with the exception of the 
tenth volume, which is described as follows : 



The text begins, fol. 16, as follows : 



This volume treats of the genealogy of the 
tribes descended from Hamdan. The text is 
incorrect, and presents some lacunae and 
transpositions. It differs considerably in 
its present arrangement from the contents 



YEMEN. 



371 



of the same volume, as stated by Dr. Miiller, 
I.e., pp. 112 114, and it is defective at the 
end. The last page contains some verses 
ascribed to Judaimah B. Wa'ilah, the victor 
in the war of Kuda'ah, beginning : 

JG 



It ends with these words : 



The present copy is a transcript of a 
MS. acquired by Dr. Spitta. Figures pen- 
cilled in the margins refer to the pages of 
that MS. On the fly-leaf is written : " Herrn 
Hofrath von Kremer, z. fr. E., "W. Spitta. 
Kairo, 14 Juli, 1879." 



583. 

Or. 2903. Foil. 113 ; Sin. by 5$; 15 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in fair Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated end of Sha'ban, 
A.H. 1095 (A.D. 1634). 

[Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

A historical and descriptive account of the 
city of San'a in Yemen, by Ahmad B. 'Abd- 
allah al-Razi. 



Beg. 



JlJ' 



J\5 



Abu'l-'Abbas Ahmad B. 'Abdallah al-Razi, 
author of the History of San'a, o,\j i_*-U> 

\*j*o, is mentioned in the Tiraz A'lam al- 
Yaman, Or. 2425, fol. 1716, as one of the 
learned men of Yemen. It is there stated, 
on the authority of al-Janadi, that his family 
came from Rai, that he was a Sunni Fakih, 
that his book affords evidence of his wide 
learning and of the excellence of his memory, 



and that he died about the close of the fifth 
century of the Hijrah. 

He is mentioned by Haj. Khal., vol. iii., 
p. 613, as one of the authorities quoted by 
al-Janadi in his Suluk fi Tabakat al-'Ulama 
wa '1-Muluk, and is, no doubt, identical with 
Abu'l-'Abbas Ahmad B. 'Abdallah al-San- 
'ani, who is noticed by the same writer, 
vol. ii., p. 159, as one of the historians of 
Yemen, and is stated to have died after 
A.H. 460. See also Kay, Yaman, p. xiv. 

The scope of the work is fully described 
in the following title written on the first 
page : 




The author proceeds on the lines of the early 
historians, giving separate, and often several, 
Isnads for each statement. He deals mainly 
with legends and traditions relating to the 
origin and antiquities of San'a, and to its 
fate under Muhammad and the early Khalifs ; 
but he does not give a connected account of 
its political history in later times. His 
favourite authorities are that prolific inventor 
of fables, Wahb B. Munabbih, and, among 
later traditionists, Abu '1-Hasan 'AH B. 'Abd 
al-Warith al-San'ani, who appears to have 
lived in San'a a few generations before the 
author, and whose notices he quotes from 
the writer's original MS. (see foil. 436, 
62 a, &c). 

There is some confusion in the arrange- 
3s2 



372 



HISTORY. 



ment, partly owing, it appears, to some 
transposition of leaves in an earlier MS. 
from which this copy was taken. The 
text, moreover, is incorrect ; it teems with 
wrong diacritical points, which often render 
the reading a mere guess work. 

The principal topics are as follows : Hadiths 
relating to Yemen and San'a, and origin of 
those names, fol. 26. Foundation of San'a, 
and its climate, fol. 55. Building of the 
castle of Grhumdan, fol. 76. Azal, the original 
name of San'a, fol. 105. Visit of 'Isa B. 
Mary am to San'a, fol. 12a. Conflict between 
Hamdan and the Persians under Badan B. 
Sasan, fol. 13a. Vision of the Prophet, and 
the mosque built in San'a by his order, fol. 28a. 
The Habbanah of San'a, \*x*> &i\jc- (a mosque 
and a quarter of San'a), fol. 35a. The climate 
of San'a and its environs, fol. 37a. Predictions 
relating to the future increase of San'a, 
fol. 40a. Suk al-'Irakiyyin, fol. 416. Number 
of houses in San'a, fol. 44a. Tradition ac- 
cording to which San'a was to flourish to 
the end of time, fol. 466. Darawan, ^jjo 
(Yakut, vol. iii., p. 470), a town situated six 
miles from San'a, fol. 486. (This is followed 
by a number of Hadiths without apparent 
connection with the subject.) Those of the 
companions of the Prophet who entered 
San'a and were appointed governors, viz., 
Farwah B. Musaik, fol. 56a ; Muhajir B. 
Abi Umayyah, fol. 57a ; Aban B. Sa'Id, 
fol. 58 ; Sufyan B. Harb, fol. 59a; al- 
Mughlrah B. Shu' bah, fol. 596 ; Ya'la B. 
Umayyah, fol. 606 ; al-Nu'man B. Bashlr, 
fol. 645 ; and 'Ubaid B. al-'Abbas, fol. 66a. 
Traditions and poems in praise of San'a, 
fol. 68a. The paradises of the world, fol. 
72. The mosque of al-Janad, fol. 80a. 
The Musalla of Sau'a, fol. 826. The tank 
of the mosque of San'a, fol. 85a. The 
mosque of Mount Nukum, fol. 886. Mosques 
of special holiness in Yemen, fol. 895. Dykes 
of Yemen, \ iSlj-J, fol. 91a. Mu'ad B. 



Jabal, sent by Muh. to Yemen, A.H. 9, 
fol. 96a. Notices of some holy Shaikhs and 
Goran-readers (\J) of San'a, fol. 1006. Abu 
Musa, sent with Mu'ad to Yemen, fol. 1046. 
The Abdal, fol. W6a. Imams of San'a, 
from the time of Abu Bakr to A.H. 348, 
fol. 1075. 

It appears from the subscription that the 
MS. was written for al-Haj Jamal al-Dln 
'AH B. Ahmad al-Damari al-Zaidi. 

584. 

Or. 1383. Foil. 255 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 18 lines, 
3| in. long ; written in fair, archaic looking 
Neskhi, with frequent omission of the dia- 
critical points ; dated (fol. 2516) 20 JumadalL, 
A.H. 908 (A.D. 1502) ; partly discoloured by 
damp. [Presented by COL. S. B. MILES.] 

I. Foil. 324, 4346. w^Ji t* ii *&\. 

The Kasidah Himyariyyah, by Nashwan 
B. Sa'Id al-Himyari, with a full historical 
commentary. 

Nashwan boasted of his descent from the 
ancient kings of Yemen, whose names and 
glorious memories are recorded in the poem. 
His genealogy is traced up in the commentary, 
fol. 196 (see " Lay of the Himyarites," p. x.) 
to the Hirayari prince Du Mara.th.id B. Di 
Sahar. He made himself master of the 
fortress of Sabir, situate near Ta'izz, and 
of other castles in the highlands of Yemen, 
and was regarded as the king of the country 
(see Yakut, vol. iii., p. 366). Al-Suyuti, in 
his Bughyat al-Wu'at, fol. 207, describes him, 
on the authority of al-Khazraji, as the most 
eminent scholar of his age, deeply versed in 
philology, law, and history, a brilliant poet, 
and the author of Shams al-'Ulurn, a dic- 
tionary in eight volumes, of which his son 
made an abridgment in two volumes, entitled 
Diya al-'Ulum. He died on the 24th of 



YEMEN. 



373 



Du'1-hijjah, A.H. 573. See also D. H. Muller, 
Siidarabische Studien, Sitzungsberichte der k. 
Akademie, Band Ixxxvi., Wien, 1877, p. 171. 

The Kasidah was published with a Gorman 
translation by A. von Kremer, Leipzig, 1865, 
and with an English version, under the title 
of " The Lay of the Himyarites," by Capt. 
W. F. Prideaux, Sehore, 1879. For other 
copies of the Kasidah and its commentary, 
see the Arabic Catalogue, p. 486a ; the Vienna 
Catalogue, vol. i., p. 472 ; Ahlwardt's Ver- 
zeichniss, 1871, no. 344 ; Zeitschrift der 
D. Morg. Ges., Band xxix., p. 620 ; Rosen, 
Institut, no. 72, p. 216 ; Ahlwardt, Divans, 
p. xxiv. ; Houtsma, Brill's Catalogue, no. 26; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. iv., p. 311. 

The present copy is imperfect at beginning 
and end. The commentary is considerably 
shorter than that of the previously described 
copy, Add. 7542, with which it generally 
agrees, but from which it differs by con- 
siderable omissions. It contains, however, 
in some places, matter, chiefly verses, not 
found in the other MS. 

The fragment begins abruptly, fol. 3a, 
with (J*p\ t^ii\jj Ja~4\ c_o-U> **J jA> &&, the 
concluding words of the commentary on the 
43rd verse of Kremer's edition, correspond- 
ing with fol. 366, line 3, of Add. 7542. Then 
comes this verse : 



immediately followed by four other lines 
corresponding altogether with verses 44 48 
of Kremer's edition (45 49 of Prideaux). 

The last verse of the fragment, fol. 24a, is 
the 107th of Kremer, 108th of Prideaux, viz. : 



The commentary ends abruptly with these 
words : l*i* jjsr* lx> jj) j^ jo^, which 



are found in Add. 7542, fol. 84a, line 8. 
They are immediately followed by the title 
of the Jazirat al-'Arab (art. II.) : 



Four more consecutive leaves belonging to 
the same copy of the Kasidah are found 
further on, foil. 43 46, mixed up with the 
Jazirat al-'Arab. They must be taken in 
this order : foil. 45, 46, 43, 44, and contain 
verses 14 35 of Kremer's edition. 

The contents of both fragments have been 
accurately described by Prof. D. H. Muller 
in his Siidarabische Studien, Sitzungsbe- 
richte der k. Akademie, Band Ixxxvi., Wien, 
1877, p. 106. See also Texteskritik der Him. 
Kasida by the same scholar, Zeitschrift der 
D.M.G., Band xxix., pp. 620 8; andNoldeke, 
Gelehrten Anzeige, Gottingen, 1866, no 20. 

II. Foil. 24642, 47251. 



Description of the Arabian peninsula, by 
Abu Muhammad al-Hasan B. Ahmad B. 
Ya'kub al-Hamdani, who died A.H. 334. 



Beg. 



^> <^jjj^i> [sic] t 

This is one of the five MSS. on which 
Prof. D. H. Muller based the text edited by 
him under the title of "Al-Hamdani's Geo- 
graphie der Arabischen Halbinsel," Leiden, 
1884. The contents of the work have been 
fully stated by the same scholar in the 
"Sitzungsberichte der k. Akademie," Band 
xc., Wien, 1878, pp. 299335. A MS. 
dated A.H. 807 has been brought to Europe 
by E. Glaser. See Zeitschrift der D. M. G., 
vol. xxxviii., p. 574. 

The MS. agrees on the whole very closely 
with the printed text ; but it presents, after 
fol. 80, a lacuna extending from p. 55, 



374 



HISTORY. 



line 18, to p. 72, line 24, of the Leiden 
edition. A passage corresponding with p. 43, 
line 9, to p. 44, line 22, of the same edition 
is found in the MS. immediately after the 
map of the seven climates, fol. 286 (p. 5), 
evidently owing to the transposition of a 
leaf in the MS. from which the present one 
was transcribed ; but the same passage is 
found again in its proper place further on, 
fol. 71a-72a. 

In the prefixed title, as well as in the 
colophon, u^lS/ \$)l> J^j 1jfrj$\ cJuS 
_-^ol i^j^~' the work is called simply Kitab 
Jazlrat al-'Arab. The fuller title, *Lo e^ta 
i ^*M ii/ij*-, by which it is often designated, 
is found only at the end of the introduction 
and _at the beginning of the second part, 
fol. 73a. The work is entered by Haj. 
Khal., vol. vi., p. 119, under viWj CAUL 

The importance of al-Hamdani's Geography 
was first pointed out by Prof. Sprenger, "Post 
und Reise-routen des Orients," p. xviii., and 
" Die alte Geographic Arabiens," p. 2. Ex- 
tensive extracts in German will be found in 
the latter work. 

Foil. 1, 2, 252 55, contain miscellaneous 
notes and poetical extracts, mostly by a hand 
of the 17th century, among which may be 
mentioned a Kasidah by the Sayyid al-Hadi 
B. Ibrahim B. 'Ali B. Murtada, protesting 
against the Makamat, or stations, in the 
pilgrimage (Hajj) as an unwarranted inno- 
vation, fol. 253a, and a notice relating to 
the tombs of the Zaidi Imams in Sa'dah, 
fol. 2556. 

585. 

Or. 3784. Foil. 267 ; 8 in. by 6J ; 17 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fine large Neskhi ; 
dated (fol. 95) Saturday, 15 Jumada I., 
A.H. 958 (A.D. 1551). 

[GI-ASER, no. 69.] 



I. Foil. 199. The Kasidah Himyariyyah, 
by Nashwan B. Sa'id, with the historical 
commentary. See the preceding no., art. I. 

It is imperfect at the beginning. The 
first extant portion of the commentary 
relates to Hud (Bait 9), with the heading : 



At the end of the commentary is written 
the entire text of the Kasidah, consisting of 
135 Baits, foil. 9599. 

II. Foil. 100260: 



The Kasidah of 'Abd al-Majid B. 'Abdun, 
with the historical commentary of Ibn 
Badrun. See further on, Or. 1532. 

The latter portion, foil. 256260, has 
been supplied by a later hand, with the date 
Dulka'dah, A.H. 1197 (A.D. 1783). 

III. Foil. 260267. A Kasidah in imita- 
tion of the preceding, and in glorification of 
the Zaidi Imams, by Sayyid Ibrahim B. 
Muh. B. 'Abdallah B. al-Hadi. See above, 
no. 540. 

Beg. 



There are copious notes written in a 
minute character in the margins. The last, 
containing the author's name and genealogy, 
with the date of his death, A.H. 914, is 
extracted from the Tarjuman (Arabic Cata- 
logue, p. 415). It is dated Rajab, A.H. 1020 
(A.D. 1611). 

586. 

Or. 3265. Foil. 221 ; 8J in. by 6. 

I. Foil. 184 ; 2024 lines, 4J in. long ; 
written in cursive Neskhi on European 
paper ; dated 8 Muharram, A.H. 1258 
(A.D. 1842). 



YEMEX. 



History of Zabid, by 'Abd al-Rahman B. 
'Ali, called Ibn al-Daiba', J*- ^ ^>-j>\ & 
g>^\ ^b j^iV, who died A.H. 944. See 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 672, note a ; Wiis- 
tenfeld, Arabische Geschichtschreiber, no. 
518 ; and Kay, Yaman, p. xvii. 

From the author's life, told by himself at 
the end of the present work, foil. 826 846, 
it appears that he was born in Zabid on the 
fourth of Muharram, A.H. 866. His father 
left the country immediately after the author's 
birth, and died in Diu, A.H. 876. The 
author was brought up by his maternal 
grandfather and by his uncle, learned Hadith 
from Abu'l-'Abbas Ahmad B. Ahmad al- 
Sharji, and law from the Banu Jam'an in 
Bait al-Faklh. Having proceeded to Mecca 
on his third pilgrimage, A.H. 896, he became 
there the disciple of al-Sakhiiwi. On his 
return he composed the present work, and 
presented it to al-Malik al-Zafir, who was 
highly pleased with it, and desired him to 
add to it some notices which he had omitted. 
The author supplied them in a new work treat- 
ing especially of the Tahiri dynasty, and en- 
titled fclia LJj \j jbljj\ j*)\ (see 



Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 228), for which he was 
rewarded with rich presents and with an 
appointment as teacher of Hadith in the 
Jami' of Zabid. 

The author mentions two more of his 
works, namely, ^0 UJ *U fke-lj ^ >jb\\ v\e- 
<._jy.iN sj 4lJ\ (Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 304), 
and Vj>. ^ IfrJ _fS (j #^J1 t_JL/ (Haj. 
Khal., vol. v., p. 213). 

The Bughyat al-Mustafld is divided into a 
Mukaddimah and ten Babs, as follows : 
Mukaddimah. Yemen under Muhammad and 
the early Khalifs, fol. 3a. Bab I. Description 



of Zabid, fol. 9a. II. Banu Ziyad, fol. 106. 
III. The Abyssinian, or Najah dynasty, 
fol. 12ft. IV. Wazirs of the Najah dynasty, 
fol. 17ft. V. Rise of Sayyid 'AH B. Mahdi, 
fol. 205. VI. Banu Ayyub, fol. 21 b. 
VII. Banu Rasul, fol. 26a. VIII. The 
Tahiris, viz., al-Mujahid 'Ali and al-Zafir 
'Amir, A.H. 858883, fol. 40a. IX/A1- 
Mansur 'Abd al-Wahhab, A.H. 883894, 
fol. 55a. X. Al-Zafir 'Amir, fol. 64ft. 

The date of composition is incidentally 
stated, fol. 786, to be A.H. 900. But in the 
last Section the history of the reigning 
sovereign is brought down to the first day 
of Safar, A.H. 901. 

There are two appendices. The first is a 
versified epitome of the history of Zabid, 
entitled & 



J (Haj. Khal., vol. i., p. 168), 
and beginning, fol. 79ft : 

j JS 



The second is the above-mentioned auto- 
biography. At the end the author states 
that he completed the copy of the work on 
the sixth of Safar, A.H. 906. 

For other copies see the Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 7156 ; the Khedive's Library, vol. v., 
p. 138 ; Hammer, Biblioteca Italiana, vol. 
xlix., p. 17, no. 217 ; Rosen, Institut, no. 47 ; 
and the Copenhagen Catalogue, no. 141 
(the MS. used by C. T. Johannsen for his 
abridged version, Historia Jemanae, Bonnae, 
1828). 

A continuation by the author, entitled 
AAfl: - ,M.^ Lo jj* joj^ J-fliflJl, and comprising 
A.H. 901923, is noticed in the Khedive's 
Library, vol. v., p. 139. 

II. Foil. .85 168; 17 lines, 3f in. long; 



376 



HISTORY. 



written in large Neskhi, on the same paper 
and apparently about the same time as the 
preceding part. 

History of Yemen, by 'Umarah [B. Abi '1- 
Hasan 'AH al-Hakami] al-Yamani, with the 

heading tji*s- 



Beg. :>JA 



The work has been edited from the present 
MS., with an English translation and notes, 
by H. Cassels Kay, London, 1892. 

Respecting the author's life, the following 
facts may be gathered from the present work. 
His native place, to which he incidentally 
refers, fol. 102<z, was al-Zara'ib, tJVj^, a town 
situate near Zabid (v. Yakut, vol. ii., p. 923). 
He adds that its inhabitants had preserved, 
owing to their seclusion, the Arabic language 
in its pristine purity, and that, when he 
entered Zabid to apply himself to the study 
of law, A.H. 530, being then under twenty 
years of age, he astonished the learned by 
the classical correctness of his speech. He 
also cultivated poetry, and was one of the 
poets who attended the Court of the Da'i 
Muh. B. Saba (who died A.H. 548 ; v. foil. 
131-2). In A.H. 551 he went to Egypt as 
envoy of the Amir al-Haramain, and brought 
back a letter from al-Malik al-Salih to the 
Da'i 'Imran B. Muh., in which the author is 
designated as al-Fakih 'Umarah B. al-Hasan 
al-Hakami (fol. 132). He adds in the same 
place that he emigrated from Yemen in the 
next following year, A.H. 552. 

It is known from other sources that 
'Umarah spent the rest of his life in Cairo, 
where he met with a tragic end. Accused 
of plotting for the restoration of the Fati- 
mites, he was crucified by order of Saladin, 
A.H. 569. His autobiography is noticed in 
the Paris Catalogue, no. 2147. See also Ibn 



Khallikan, De Slane's translation, vol. ii., 
p. 367 ; Kamil, vol. xi., pp. 262 64 ; 
Or. 4635, foil. 27679 ; Wiistenfeld, Arab- 
ische Geschichtschreiber, no. 263; Geschichte 
der Fatimiden, pp. 118-19; Hammer, Lite- 
raturgeschichte, vol. vii., p. 934; and Kay, 
Yaman, pp. v. xi. 

The Divan of 'Umarah is preserved ; see 
Rosen, Notices Sommaires, no. 298. His 
Kasidah in praise of the Fatimites is given 
by Wiistenfeld, Geographic und Verwaltung 
^Bgyptens, pp. 222-23. 

The author says in the preface that, 
having visited, A.H. 563, the Kadi al-Fadil 
Abu 'Ali 'Abd al-Rahlm B. 'All al-Baisani, 
head of the chancelry of the Khalif al- 
'Adid (the celebrated secretary of Saladin, 
who died A.H. 596, v. Ibn Khallikan, vol. ii., 
p. Ill), he was desired by him to write 
down all he could recollect of the history of 
Yemen. The result was the present work, 
which was written, as stated fol. 1326, 
A.H. 564. Its scope is described in the 
following passage of the preface : ij\ ,jl 



U* J J 

The author appears to have relied chiefly 
on his retentive memory. The narrative, 
which is of a discursive and often gossiping 
character, is chiefly based upon information 
communicated to him by various persons 
whom he names, and, for the latter period, 
on his personal recollections and on the 
testimony of ocular witnesses. The only 
work he quotes, fol. 86a, is a history of 
Zabid, j-jj jUi-!i) j-i <~>^, by al-Malik al- 
Makm Abu '1-Tami Jayash B. Najah Naslr 
al-Din, ruler of Zabid (who died A.H. 500 ; 



. YEMEN. 



377 



see fol. 1406, and Tiraz A'lam al-Zaman, 
fol. 2216, where the same work is called 
}jkjj j\+>-\ j iua^ M^* an <i is said to be 
lost. Compare Haj. Khal., vol. v., p. 43). 

There are no divisions in the work. The 
contents are as follows : The Banu Ziyad's 
surrender to the Khalif al-Ma'mun, A.H. 199. 
Muh. B. Ziyad, sent to Yemen, conquers 
Tihamah and founds Zabid, A.H. 204, fol. 
86a. Districts of Yemen ruled by Ibn Ziyad 
and his descendants, down to A.H. 407, 
fol. 876. Eule of the slaves Nafis and Najah, 
down to the death of Najah, A.H. 452, 
fol. 94a. The Da'i 'Ali B. Muh. al-Sulaihi, 
from his taking possession of San'a, A.H. 455, 
to his death, A.H. 473, fol. lOOa. The Da'i 
al-Malik al-Mukarram Ahmad, son of the 
preceding, down to his death, A.H. 484, 
fol. 1036. The Da'i Saba B. Ahmad B. 
al-Muzaffar B. 'Ali al-Sulaihi, A.H. 48495, 
fol. 1106. Al-Malik al-Mufaddal B. Abi'l- 

Barakat, Lord of al-Ta'kur (j*\), to his 
death, A.H. 504, fol. 1146. The Da'i al- 
Mu'affak 'Ali B. Ibrahim Ibn Najlb al- 
Daulah, to A.H. 515, fol. 1196. (En the last 
four sections the narrative is largely taken 
up with the doings of two powerful princesses 
of the Da'i's family, viz., al-Hurrat Asma 
Bint Shihab, wife of 'Ali al-Sulaihi, and 
mother of his son al-Mukarram, who died 
A.H. 479, fol. 107a ; and al-Sayyidah Bint 
Ahmad, wife of al-Mukarram, who died A.H. 
532, fol. 129a.) The Da'i Saba B. Abi'l- 
Su'ud B. Zurai', who died A.H. 523, fol. 1256. 
His son, Muh. B. Saba, who died A.H. 548, 
fol. 129a. The latter's sou 'Imran, who died 
A.H. 560, fol. 132a. Al-Shaikh Abu '1-Nada 
Jarir B. Bilal, A.H. 532547. 

The family of Najah, the Abyssinian kings 
of Zabid : Al-Mu'ayyad Najah, slain by the 
Da'i al-Sulaihi, A.H. 452, fol. 1336. His 
sons, Jayash and Sa'id al-Ahwal, down to 
the death of the former, A.H. 500, fol. 1346. 



Al-Fatik B. Jayash, who died A.H. 503, 
Mansur B. al-Fatik, and al-Fatik B. Muh. 
B. Mansu-r , who succeeded A.H. 553, fol. 1406. 
Wazirs of the Abyssinians, and personal deal- 
ings of the author with them, fol. 1426. Rise 
and rule of 'Ali B. Mahdi, A.H. 531554, 
fol. 159a. Accession of his son 'Abd al- 
Nabi, the "present" ruler of Yemen, fol. 1626. 
Extent of the dominions of Ibn Mahdi, and his 
character, fol. 163a. Summary review of the 
Da'is of the Fatimites in Yemen, fol. 1 66a 
168a. 

This last section includes a letter of the 
Fatimfte Khalif, al-Amir Bi-Ahkam Allah, 
to the second of the princesses above men- 
tioned, announcing to her the birth of his 
son al-Tayyib Abu '1-Kasim on the 4th of 
Rabi' IL, A.H. 524. 

The present copy of this valuable history, 
which is unfortunately far from correct, is 
apparently the only one extant in European 
libraries. The work is extensively quoted 
by al-Khazraji in his Tiraz A'lam al-Zaman, 
Or. 2425, and is, for the early period, the 
chief authority of all later historians of 
Yemen. 

III. Foil. 1696 and 170a. Short obituary 
notices, disposed in cbronological order, from 
A.H. 1215 to 1258. They relate to learned 
men, mostly Faklhs, who died in Zabid, 
Bait al-Faklh, Hais, Mokha, Turaibah, San'a, 
and in Mecca. 

IV. Foil. 1706 221a. From 10 to 19 
lines, 4|- in. long, in a page ; written in a 
large and father rude Neskhi, about A.H. 
1258. 

A chronicle of Yemen from A.H. 1215 to 
1257 (A.D. 18001841), by Ahmad B. 
Ahmad al-Na'ami al-Husaini. 



Beg. 



jo UJ 



3o 



378 



HISTORY. 



This is apparently the author's original 
draft. He records from year to year, in 
colloquial language and in a very circum- 
stantial manner, contemporary events in his 
dwelling-place, the town of Hais ((j-i*-), and 
in the neighbouring cities, Zabid and al- 
Mokha, The towns of Ta'izz, San'a, Aden, 
and Hudeidah are also frequently men- 
tioned. 

The first event chronicled, under A. H. 1 2 1 5 , 
is a predatory raid of the Yam (Jj) tribe (or 
Banu Yam) from Najran, against Hais, under 
the command of 'Abdallah B. Nusaib and 
Jabir B. Mani', who are described as a rem- 
nant of the Christians and adversaries of the 
Goran and Sunnah. A battle was fought 
between al-Jubail and Jabal Dubas, south 
of Hais, in which the author's father, al- 
Sayyid Ahmad B. Husain al-Na'ami, fell a 
martyr. Mention is frequently made of the 
Imams of San'a, al-Mutawakkil, who died 
A.H. 1231 (fol. 178a), and of his son and 
successor al-Mahdi, who died A.H. 1250 
(fol. 2055). The conflicts with the Turks, 
especially with Khalil Pasha, Turki B. Almas 
(alias Turkche Bilmas), Ibrahim Pasha, &c., 
and the generally hostile dealings with 
Europeans, are also related in great detail. 

This chronicle may usefully supplement 
the best account yet written of that troubled 
period, "A History of Arabia Eelix or Yemen," 
by K. L. Playfair, Bombay, 1859. 



587. 

Or. 3022. Foil. 211 ; 9J in. by 6| ; 21 lines, 
3J in. long ; written in clear Neskhi ; dated 
12 Jumada II., A.H. 1295 (A.D. 1878). 

[KREMEK, no. 20.] 



(fol. So) 

History of Yemen from the time of Muham- 
mad to A.H. 923, by Ibn al-Daiba'. (See 
no. 586, L, the Arabic Catalogue, p. 672&, and 
Kay, Yaman, p. xviii.) 



The author mentions in the preface the 
following previous historians of Yemen : Abu 
Hafs B. Samurah (v. Arabic Catalogue, 
p. 427, note 6, and Kay, Yaman, p. xiv.), 
'Umarah al-Yamanl (v. no. 586, II.), al- 
Janadi (v. Arabic Catalogue, p. 716a), Jamal 
al-Dm 'Abd al-Baki B. 'Abd al-Hamid al- 
Kurashi (ti.), Abu '1-Hasan 'Ali B. al-Hasan 
al-Khazraji (v. Arabic Catalogue, p. 672J, 
and Or. 2425), Sharaf al-Dln al-Mukri (v. 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 4116), and Husaiu B. 
'Abd al-Rahman al-Ahdal (v. Or. 1345). He 
adds that he had followed the best of all 
works written on that subject, viz., t-jli/ 
JJST*^ by Abu '1- Hasan al-Khazraji, which he 
supplemented with important notices from 
other sources. He added a continuation 
extending from the beginning of the reign 
of aWSTasir B. al-Ashraf (A.H. 803) to the 
end of the Tahiri dynasty, which he was the 
first to chronicle. 



No history entitled JJB~~' i.^ s men- 
tioned among the works of al-Khazraji either 
by Haj. Khal. or by Wiistenfeld, Arabische 
Geschichtschreiber, no. 459. The work thus 
designated appears, however, to be substan- 
tially identical with the same author's history 
of Yemen entitled 



* ^ $x-j, a portion of which is de- 
scribed in the Ley den Catalogue, vol. ii., 
p. 173, and by Kay in his Introduction to 
Yaman, p. xvii. There is complete agree- 
ment between the latter work, as far as 
known, and the present history with regard to 
the division and the headings of the chapters. 



YEMEN. 



The present work is divided into three 
Babs, subdivided into Fasls, as follows : 

Bab I. Account of Yemen and of the 
rulers of San'a, in ten Fasls : 1. Excellence 
of Yemen, and its description, fol. 4a. 2. Its 
conversion to Tslamism, and its governors in 
the time of Muhammad, fol. 6a. 3. Governors 
after the death of Muhammad, fol. 7a. 
4. Governors under the Banu Umayyah, 
fol. 9a. 5. Governors under the Abbasides 
fol. 106. 6. The Karmatis and 'Ali B. al- 
Fadl, fol. 166. 7. The Amirs who brought 
San'a under their sway, fol. 226. 8. Rise 
of the Sulaihi dynasty, fol. 28a. 9. Kings 
of San'a after the Sulaihis, fol. 38a. 10. The 
Zurai'i dynasty and their conquest of Aden, 
fol. 436. 

Bab. II. Zabld, its Amirs, kings, and 
Wazirs, in 18 Fasls : 1. Foundation of Zabld, 
and rise of the Banu Ziyad, fol. 4%. 
2. Abyssinian kings of the house of Najah, 
fol. 526. Wazlrs of the Najah dynasty, 
fol. 576. 4. Eise of 'Ali B. al-Mahdi, 
fol. 62a. 5. Banu Ayyub, fol. 67a. 6. Be- 
ginning of the Rasuli dynasty : Nur al-Din 
Abu '1-Fath 'Umar al-Mansur B. 'Ali, fol. S3a. 
7. Al-Muzaffar Shams al-Din Yusuf B. 'Umar, 
fol. 916. 8. Al-Ashraf al-Kablr 'Umar B. 
Yusuf, fol. 106a. 9. Al-Mu'ayyad Hizabr 
al-Din Da'ud B. Yusuf, fol. 1086. 10.. Al- 
Mujahid Saif ul-Islam Abu '1-Hasan 'Ali B. 
Da'ud, fol. 114a. 11. Al-Afdal al-'Abbas 
B. al-Mujahid, fol. 130a. 12. Al-Ashraf 
Isma'Il B. al-'Abbas, fol. 136a. 13. Al- 
Nasir Ahmad B. Isma'Il, fol. 143a. 14. Al- 
Mansur 'Abdallah B. Ahmad, fol. 1466. 

15. Al-Ashraf Isma'Il B. Ahmad, fol. 147a. 

16. Al-Zahir Yahya B. Isma'Il, fol. 1476. 

17. Al-Ashraf Isma'Il B. Yahya, fol. 1516. 

18. Nominal Khalifs of the house of Ghassan, 
fol. 153a. 

Bab III. Khalifs of the Banu Tahir, in 
three Fasls: 1. Al-Mujahid Shams al-Din 



'All and his brother al-Zahir Salah al-Din 
'Amir, fol. 1554. 2. Al-Mansur Taj al-Din 
'Abd al-Wahhab B. Da'ud, foi. 169a. 3. Al- 
Zafir 'Amir B. 'Abd al-Wahhab, fol. 176a. 

The history is brought down to the end 
of the Tahiri dynasty. It concludes with 
the conquest of Yemen by the Egyptian 
army, and the death of the last Sultan, who 
was slain in his flight on the 25th of 
RabI' II., A.H. 923. The last event re- 
corded is the entrance of Amir Iskandar 
into Zabld on the 29th of Jumada II. in the 
same year.* 

The* present copy was transcribed for Baron 
von Kremer from a MS. in the Khedive's 
Library; see the Catalogue, vol. v., p. 104. 

588. 

Or. 1183. Foil. 179; 8 in. by 6; 25 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in plain Neskhi ; dated 
21 Shawwal, A.H. 1079 (A.D. 1669). 

[ALKX. JABA.] 



History of Yemen, and especially of the 
Turkish conquest, from the beginning of the 
tenth century of the Hijrah to the departure 
of Sinan Pasha, A.H. 978; by Kutb al-Din 
[Ahmad B. Muh.] al-Makki. See the Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 7426. 

Beg. 



For the author's life see al-Sana al-Bahir, 
Add. 16,648, foil. 36466, and Wiistenfeld, 
Geschichte der Stadt Mekka, Vorrede, pp. 
i. xii. The date assigned in the former work 
to his death, A.H. 990 (not 988 as stated by 
Haj. Khal.), is fully confirmed by the state- 
ment of his nephew, 'Abd al-Karlm B. 
Muhibb al-Din ; see Wiistenfeld, I.e., p. xiv. 

See De Sacy, Histoire du Y6men, Notices et Extraitu, 
voL iv., p. 429. 

3c2 



380 



HISTOKY. 



The preface includes a dedication to Sultan 
Selim II., and a panegyric on Sinan Pasha, 
who is said to have related his conquests to 
the author, and to have desired him to record 
them in writing. The MS. contains, there- 
fore, like a previously described copy, the 
first edition of the work. Another was sub- 
sequently written, as stated by Haj. Khal., 
vol. ii., p. 45, and De Sacy, Notices et 
Extraits, vol. iv., p. 415, under Sultan 
Murad III., and dedicated to the Wazir 
Muhammad Pasha. 

In the preface the work is stated to con- 
sist of four Babs, the last of which was to 
treat of the later governors of Yemen in the 
author's time. But in the body of the work 
there are only three Babs and a Khatimah, 
as follows : I. Kulers of Yemen, from the 
beginning of the tenth century to the Turkish 
conquest, in thirteen Fasls, fol. 46. II. The 
first Turkish conquest, in 37 Fasls, fol. 246. 
III. The second Turkish conquest, in 60 
Fasls, fol. 786. Khatimah : Return of Sinan 
Pasha to Egypt and Constantinople, and his 
conquest of Tunis and Goletta, A.H. 982, in 
five Fasls, fol. 171o. 

There is after fol. 150 a lacuna extending 
from the end of Fasl 46, Bab III., to the 
second page of Fasl 55, and corresponding 
with foil. 1856 2096 of the former copy, 
Or. 1 06. The fifth Fasl of the Khatimah is 
also wanting. 

The MS. belonged, A.H. 1079, to the 
Sayyid 'Abd al-Kahman B. Sulaiman al- 
Husaini al-Ja'fari, Imam of the Masjid al- 
Aksa, Jerusalem. It subsequently passed 
into the possession of the famous Jezzar 
Pasha, . who, according to a seal-impression 
on the first page, made it over as Wakf to 
the Madrasah Nur Ahmadiyyah. 

For other copies see Pertsch, no. 1616, 
and the Paris Catalogue, nos. 1644 1650. 



589. 

Or. 3718. Foil. 137 ; 12 in. by 8 ; from 25 
to 30 lines, 6^ in. long ; written in' cursive, 
ill-shaped, and incorrect Neskhi, in the 18th 
century. [GLASER, no. 2.] 



A history of the conquests and rule of 
Hasan Pasha in Yemen, without author's 
name. 

Beg. [U\ji 



The preface, written in a very prolix and 
stilted style, contains panegyrics on the 
conqueror, Hasan Pasha, whose wise and 
just rule had restored peace and prosperity 
to Yemen, and on his sovereign, Sultan 
Murad Khan B. Sultan Sallm Khan. 

The work is said to consist of five Mukad- 
dimahs, containing the history of the period 
anteceding the Turkish conquest, of thirteen 
Babs, one for every year of the governorship 
of Hasan Pasha, and of a Khatimah. 

The present volume contains only a portion 
of the introduction, a general Muslim history 
with special reference to Yemen. It begins, 
fol. 36, with an account of Creation, Adam, 
and -the Prophets. The principal subjects 
are the following: Adam and Patriarchs, 
fol. 46. Kings of Himyar, fol. 156. Al- 
Sa'b pul-Karnain; fol. 216. Abrahah Du '1- 
Manar, fol; 256. Balkis and Sulaiman, 
fol. 286. Malik B. 'Amr, called Nashir al- 
JSfi'am, and the Tubba's, fol. 32a. 

The 2nd Mukaddimah begins with Mu- 
hammad, fol. 58a, and contains the following 
sections : Glories of Yemen, fol. 66a. Khila- 
fat of Abu Bakr, fol. 73a ; 'Dinar,. fol. 746; 
'Uthman, fol. 78 ; 'Ali, fol. 806 ; al- Hasan, 
fol. 85a. Khiliifat of Mu'awiyah and his 
successors, fol. 86a. 'Abbasides from al- 



YEMEN. 



381 



Saffah to al-Muktafi, fol. 1006. History of 
the Karmatis, fol. 118a. History of the 
Zaidi Imams, fol. 124a, from their origin to 
al-Nasir lidm-allah Hasan B. 'Ali, who was 
made prisoner by Hasan Pasha, A.H. 993, 
and sent to Constantinople, where he was still 
living in confinement at the date of composi- 
tion, viz., A.H. 1002. 

A detached fragment, foil. 129 135, con- 
tains a continuation of the history of the 
Abbasides, viz., the reign of al-Kadir, and 
the beginning of the reign of al-Ka'im, with 
accounts of contemporary sovereigns, chiefly 
al-Hakim in Egypt, and Sultan Mahmud 
Ghaznawi. 

Foil. 136-7, written by another hand, 
A.H. 1130, contain two Kasidahs, one by 
'Abd al-Kadir B. 'Ali al-Majirasi, addressed 
to Imam al-Mutawakkil Isma'il (d. A.H. 
1087), the other by Badr al-Dm Muh. B. 
Hijazi B. Ahmad al-Rakbawi al-Misri, in 
praise of Imam Muh. B. al-Hasan B. Amir 
al-Mumimn al-Kasim (d. A.H. 1079; Khula- 
sat al-Athar, vol. iii., p. 455). 

For the history' of Hasan Pasha see 
Khulasat al-Athar, vol. ii., p. 73,- and 
Rutgers, Historia Jemanae sub Hasano 
Pascha, Leyden, 1838. 

590. 

Or. 4583. Foil. 149; 12iin.by8i; 20 lines, 
5^ in. long ; written in fair large Neskhi ; 
dated San'a, Saturday, 27 Muharram, A.H. 
1164 (A.D. 1750). 



A history of Yemen, from A.H. 900 to 
A.H. 1029, by 'Isa B. Lutf-allah B. al- 
Mutahhar. 



Beg. 

t_ ftla) 



j 



4} 



Sayyid 'Isa was a grandson of Imam al- 
Mutahhar B. Yahya Sharaf al-Din, who died 
A.H. 980. He was born in the fortress of 
Dumarmar, A.H. 986 (no. 591, fol. 2336). 
His father, Sayyid Lutf-allah, who had 
fought the Turks in many a battle, fell at 
last into their hands, A.H. 994, and was 
sent a prisoner to Constantinople, where he 
died A.H. 1009. The son went over to the 
winning side, and became a favourite and 
panegyrist of the Turkish governors, namely, 
Muhammad Pasha, who superseded Ja'far 
Pasha in the government of Yemen, A.H. 
1025, -and his successors. After the expul- 
sion of the Turks, he attached himself to 
Sayyid Sharaf al-Islam al-Hasan, son of 
Imam al-Mansur al-Kasim. He is praised 
as an accomplished scholar and elegant 
poet. His death took place, as stated in the 
next MS., fol. 2336, on the third day of 
RabI' I., A.H. 1048. He left, besides the 
present work, another history, entitled (_ylai}H 
wj^*^ 2j,>M (J auuAJ\. See Bughyat al- 
Murld, fol. 32 ; 'Ikd al-Jawahir, fol. 2766 ; 
Tib al-Samar, Or. 2427, fol. 39; and 
Khulasat al-Athar, vol. ii., p. 472, vol. iii., 
p. 293. 

In the preface the author says that be 
wrote the present work, the full title of 
which is ^ ju\j]\ &>}\\ jjo l / J - UJLJ _jjJ\ 3J 
by order of his patron, al- 



Haji Muhammad Pasha, who, in consequence 
of a conversation on the fall of 'Amir and of 
the house of Tahir, and upon the rise of 
Imam Sharaf al-Din, and the dealings of his 
son al-Mutahhar with the Turks, desired him 
to draw up a full account of that period. 
The events are told, year by year, in a very 
simple style, and in strict chronological 
order, from A.H. 901 to A.H. 1029, the 
latter year being given, fol. 118, as the date 
of composition. The last entry relates to 
the reception by the Pasha, in Ramadan of 



382 



HISTORY. 



that year, of a sword of honour sent to him 
by the Sultan. 

The present volume comprises the first 
two parts (Juz) of the work. The first 
ends, fol. 73, with A.H. 965. The second 
was completed on the 28th of Shawwal, 
A.H. 1029. The author adds that the work 
had been commenced on the first day of 
Ramadan in the same year, and he hopes 
that it will be vouchsafed to him to complete 
the third and fourth parts. A continuation, 
due partly to Sayyid 'Isa, partly to his sou, 
will be found in the next MS. 

On the first page is a note, stating that 
the MS. belonged, A.H. 1201, to Imam al- 
Mansur-billah 'Ali B. al-Mahdi. For other 
copies see Biblioth. Burckhardt., p. 4, no. 13; 
Ahlwardt, Glaser'sche Sammlung, no. 252 ; 
and the Khedive's Library, vol. v., p. 60. 



591. 

Or. 3330. Foil. 266 ; 8 in. by 6 ; from 18 
to 24 lines, about 4 in. long; written in 
cursive and rude Neskhi, almost devoid of 
diacritical points ; dated (foil. 1066, 2436) 
A.H. 1167 and 1186 (A.D. 1754 and 1772). 

[H. A. STERN.] 

A chronicle of Yemen, consisting of an 
abridgment of the Kurrat al-'Oyun (no. 587), 
and of two continuations, which bring it 
down to A.H. 1139. 

It bears on the first page the following 
title : ( . r ^\ tiJjU j\*.\ j yjcjM &aJ, by the 
side of which is written in another hand- 
writing, 5U> $\ &+P-J uj-o- ^ tj~*^, " by 
al-Hasan B. Husain, may God have mercy 
upon him." 

According to the following note, written 
in the margin of the same page, it was 
abridged from the Kurrat al-'Uyun and other 



works, A.H. 1171 or 1172, and the writer 
added to it, A.H. 1186, an appendix ex- 
tracted from the Rauh al-Ruh, by Sayyid 

'Isa: 



MAI 



Mvr 



It consists of the following parts : 
I. Foil. 261066. Abridgment of the 
Kurrat al-'Uyim. 

Beg. <ja. ^.iN yW^j yV ori A 



The abbreviator names the original work 
in the following passage, fol. Ba : ^j ^j 
uf+&\ U +J\ j^\ (j u ^\ O/ j^iff \JA, and 
calls the author al-Shaikh 'Abd al-Rahmau 
B. 'Ali B. Muh. B. 'Umar al-Daiba'. The 
compendium agrees textually with the original 
work, from which it differs only by omissions. 
It was completed, as stated at the end, on the 
17th of Jumada I., A.H. 1167. 

II. Foil. 1066 243&. A chronicle abridged 
from Rauh al-Ruh (no. 590), and extending 
from A.H. 923 to A.H. 1066. 

Beg. J*\ 



It comprises, in a condensed form, the 
original work of Sayyid 'Isa and a continua- 
tion due to his son, probably Sayyid Ja'far 
B. 'Isa, to whom a notice is devoted in lib 
al-Samar, Or. 2427, fol. 42. The compiler 
has lef t out the initial portion of the Rauh 
al-Ruh, namely, A.H. 900 923, as covering 
the same ground as the concluding portion 
of Kurrat al-'Ain. 

The present abridgment was written A.H. 
1181. In a passage relating to the mosque 
of Talhah, described in the original work as 



YEMEN. 



888 



well preserved and frequented, the editor 
adds : " Such are the words of Sayyid 'Isa ; 
but now, i.e. A.H. 1181, the mosque is de- 
serted and no longer used for prayer." 

The first portion, extending from the 
middle of A.H. 923 to A.H. 1029, is abridged 
from the corresponding part of the preceding 
MS., foil. 24 149. The continuation, which 
is brought down to A.H. 1066, is called at 
the end the third Juz of Rauh al-Riih : 



The above portion of the MS. was finished, 
as stated in the margin at the end, on the 
8th of RabI' II., A.H. 1186, in al-Haimah, 
^Ji (jujj***, by the owner, Hasan B. Yahya 
al-Kurashi. 

III. Foil. 243* 2545. A further con- 
tinuation, transcribed, as stated at the be- 
ginning, from the autograph MS. of Sayyid 
al-Sharafi Ahmad B. Husain B. Hamld al- 
Din (B. al-Mutahhar B. al-Imam Sharaf al- 

Dm), ^\ i^u- ^ ^a-\ ( jj2J\ jo-* Li- y* JHi 



Contents : Obituary notices of four sons 
of the Imam al-Kasim, viz., Ahmad Abu 
Talib (A.H. 1066), Yusuf (A.H. 1044), Yahya 
(A.H. 1044), and 'Abdallah (A.H. 1067). 
Accounts of the following Imams : al-Muta- 
wakkil Isma'il B. al-Kasim, who died A.H. 
1087 ; al-Mahdi Ahmad B. al-Hasan B. al- 
Kasim, who died A.H. 1092; al-Mu'ayyad 
Muh. B. al-Mutawakkil, who died A.H. 1097 ; 
al-Mutawakkil 'AH B. Ahmad Abu Talib B. 
al-Kasim, who died A.H. 1121; al-Nasir 
(afterwards al-Mahdi) Muh. B. al-Mahdi 
Ahmad, who died A.H. 1130 (fol. 248i) ; 
al-Mansur al-Husain B. al-Kasim B. al- 
Mu'ayyad, who was proclaimed A.H. 1127, 
and died A.H. 1131 ; al-Mutawakkil al- 
Kasim B. al-Husain B. al-Mahdi, who was 
proclaimed A.H. 1128, and died in al-Bustan, 



near San'a, on the 24th of Ramadan, A.H. 
1139 (fol. 254a). 

The events of the last reign are related in 
detail, foil. 248 254, especially the Imam's 
victory over rebels in San'a on the 7th of 
Shawwal, A.H. 1138, the bulletin of which 
is given in extenso, and the last days of his 
life. The narrative concludes with the 
accession of his son, al-Husain, who was 
proclaimed Imam with the title of al-Nasir 
li-din Allah. 

IV. Foil. 255a 256J. Detached notices 
relating to deaths and other occurrences in 
Yemen, with dates ranging from A.H. 1186 
to 1195. 

V. Foil. 2576 266a ; 1 5 lines, 2f in. long ; 
dated 12 Shawwal, A.H. 1259 (A.D. 1843). 

Forty Hadiths recommending charity to 
the poor, extracted from the Targhlb of 
'Abd al-'Azim al-Mundiri, by Ahmad B. 
Husain B. Mustafa al-Kiridi, 



592. 

Or. 3919. Foil. 121 ; 13 in. by 8-J ; 29 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in rather cursive Neskhi, 
with red-ruled margins ; dated Saturday, 
28 Muharrara, A.H. 1191 (A.D. 1777). 

[GLASEE, no. 213.] 



A general chronicle, with special reference 
to Yemen, from A.H. 1046 to the end of 
A.H. 1090, by 'Abdallah B. 'Ali B. Muh. B. 
'Abd al-Al B. al-WazIr. 

Beg. 



384 



HISTORY. 



The author, Sayyid 'Abdallah, of the noble 
family of the Banu '1-Wazir, is styled on the 
title-page Fakhr al-Islam. In the Tib al- 
Samar, Or. 2427, fol. 175, he is mentioned 
as the most accomplished poet of San'a, and 
the author of an elegant composition entitled 



In a preface written in a laboured and 
pretentious style, the author alludes to two 
historical works for the same period, one of 
which was written for some Pasha (meaning 
the Rauh al-Ruh of Sayyid 'Isa B. Lutf-allah; 
v. no. 590). The other, which he mainly 
follows, he describes as composed by one of 
the princes of Yemen, ( . r ^\ uiJ^U AJO\ u<**^ 
A marginal note states that the work meant 
is (ir jJI tj5^j- jj ^-^ &*&, a chronicle brought 
down to A.H. 1090 by Yahya B. al-Husain 
B. al-Kasim (a grandson of Imam al-Mansur 
billah al-Kasim ; v. Bughyat al-Murld, fol. 
1236). 

The chronicle deals chiefly with the events 
of Yemen under three successive Imams, 
al-Mu'ayyad Muh. B. al-Kasim (d. A.H. 1054), 
his brother al-Mutawakkil Isma'Il (d. A.H. 
1087), and their nephew al-Mahdi Ahmad 
(d. A.H. 1092). There are also entries re- 
lating to Mecca, Egypt, Turkey, Baghdad, 
and even to Morocco. Eclipses of sun and 
moon, conjunctions of planets, and similar 
phenomena, are carefully chronicled. There 
are also many obituary notices, relating 
mostly to the 'Dlama of Yemen. 

The work is divided into two Juz, the 
first of which ends, fol. 83, with A.H. 1080. 
The second begins with A.H. 1081, and 
comes down to the month of Shawwal, 
A.H. 1090. The author states at the end 
that it was finished on the 5th of Muharram, 
A.H. 1118. 

This copy was transcribed for Sayyid 
Muh. B. 'Abdallah B. al-Muhsin B. al-Husain 
B. al-Imam al-Mahdi. 



The last leaf contains a eulogy on the 
author, extracted from a work entitled .^-o 



Another copy is mentioned in Landberg's 
Catalogue, no. 246, under a slightly altered 
title : 



593. 

Or. 3790. Foil. 190 ; 9 in. by 6 ; written 
by several hands, about A.H. 1165 (A.D. 
1752). [GLASER, no. 75.] 

I. Foil. 124. ii 



An account of the rising of Abu 'Alamah 
al-Mashja'i in Yemen, without author's name. 



Beg. 



The subject of the memoir was a Maghribi, 
who called himself Sayyid Ahmad B. Muh. 
al-Hasani, and was also known as al-Haj 
Jabir and as Abu 'Alamah. He appeared, 
A.H. 1157, in the northern part of Yemen, 
and settled in a village called *?"*, from 
which he became known as al-Mashja'i. 
Assuming a religious character, and making 
a show of pretended supernatural powers, he 
succeeded in gathering round him the tribes 
of Hashid and Bukail, and began, A.H. 1164, 
to dismantle and plunder the neighbouring 
castles and strongholds, until he came into 
collision with the Imam's forces at 'Umran, 
where his bands were beaten by Sayyid 
Ahmad B. al-Imam al-Mansur al-Husain B. 
al-Kasim. After a final defeat, he was 
beheaded by one of his enraged followers, 
Ibn Harmalah, Shaikh of the 'Ubaidah tribe, 
on the 10th of Safar, A.H. 1165. 



ARAB TRIBES. 



885 



The author concludes with some poems in 
praise of his patron, Safi al-Islam Ahmad 
B. Muh. B. al-Husain B. 'Abd al-Kadir, and 
of the latter's father, 'Izz al-Islam Muh. 
The work was completed on the 22nd of 
RabI' L, A.H. 1165. 

II. Foil. 25 32. Miscellaneous extracts 
from al-Mathal al-Sa'ir, al-Faraj ba'd al- 
Shiddah, Siraj al-Muluk, Sharh al-Badi'iyyah 
by Ibn Hajar, Ibn Khallikan, &c. 

III. Foil. 3438. The Badi'iyyah of Safi 
al-Dm al-Hilli ; see Or. 1260, II. 

IV. Foil. 39 190. Miscellaneous poetical 
extracts, consisting chiefly of Kasidahs by 
ancient and modern poets, without any 
systematic arrangement. 

The first pieces are by al-'Idarus ; al- 
Mutanabbi, fol. 40a ; Ibn al-Nablh, fol. 506 ; 
Kadi Musa B. Yahya Bahran, fol. bib ; Safi 
al-Dm Ahmad B. Mahdi al-Thulaini, fol. 75a; 
'AH B. Muh. al-'Ansi, fol. 776 ; Muh. B. 
Ibrahim al-Lahiji, fol. SOb ; Ibn Zaidun, 
fol. 826 ; Ibn Hijjah, fol. 87a ; Haidar Agha, 
fol. 91a ; &c., &c. 



Arab Tribes. 

594. 

Or. 3620. Foil. 101 ; 8 \ in. by 8J ; from 
10 to 15 lines, of varying length, in a page ; 
written in a large, bold, and angular cha- 
racter, largely supplied with vowel-points, 
apparently in the llth century. 

[G. CECIL RENOUARD.] 



A treatise on the names of Arab tribes and 
clans which, being similar in writing or iden- 
tical in sound, are liable to be confounded; 
arranged in alphabetical order, and illustrated 



with copious poetical quotations, occasionally 
also with historical and biographical notices ; 
by al-Husain B. 'AH B. al-Husain al-Maghribi 
al-Katib. 

On the first page, and in the same hand- 
writing as the text, is written : 

^ju-U ^ Je. yj (jjJJ 

; and lower down : tr -ii ^ 



The author, Abu '1-Kasim al-Husain B. 

'AH, who is commonly called al-Wazir al- 

Maghribi, or Ibn al-Maghribi, was born 

A.H. 370. His father having been put to 

death by the Khalif al-Hakim, he fled from 

Egypt, and, after some years spent in 

a wandering and adventurous life, settled 

in Mayyafarikln, and was appointed Wazir 

by the Sultan Ahmad B. Marwan. He died 

there on the 13th of Ramadan, A.H. 418, 

leaving, besides the present work, a Diwau 

of poetry, an abridgment of the Islah al- 

Mantik, and a new recension of Ibn Hisham's 

Life of Muhammad. See Ta'rlkh al-Islam, 

Or. 49, fol. 104 ; Ibn Khallikan, De Slane's 

translation, vol. i., p. 450 ; "Wustenfeld, Leben 

Muhammeds, vol. ii., p. xxxiv. ; and the 

Kainil, vol. iv., p. 255. The Kitab al-Inas 

is described by Ibn Khallikan as a small 

but very instructive work. 

Its scope is thus defined by the author at 
the beginning : ^_>l^ 1 j* J A\ *\i W 1 v* 1 ^ 

U 



-Uib ,j-jJJ\ jfl^ 






3 D 



386 



HISTORY. 



Jl 



Jij 



Further on, the author says that he was 
led to write the work by the admiration he 
felt for the method followed by Abu Ja'far 
Muhammad B. Habib in the book called 
CJJuJC*Nj l _i\5^. For him it was," he adds, 
"to open the way, for us to carry it out and 
light it up." 

Abu Ja'far Muh. B. Habib, a celebrated 
philologist of Baghdad, died A.H. 245 ; see 
Ta'rikh Baghdad, Add. 23,320, fol. 165, and, 
for his numerous works, Fihrist, vol. i., 
p. 106. The work here referred to, al- 
Mu'talif wal-Mukhtalif (Haj. Khal., vol. v., 
p. 464), has been edited by "Wustenfeld under 
the title of Muhammed ben Habib iiber die 
Gleichheit und Verschiedenheit der arabi- 
schen Stammnamen, Gottingen, 1850. See 
also Dozy, Notices sur quelques MSS. 
arabes, p. 17. 

This valuable MS. was probably written 
soon after the author's death. It was copied 
from his autograph MS., as stated in the 
subscription : ^ +~&\ _ 

J.HJ 



A notice to the same effect is also found 
under the author's name on the title-page : 

Juj3\ '&*>"& jixlc- 



This volume once belonged to Dr. John 
Lee. It is noticed in his catalogue, no. 91, 
2nd edition, no. 119. 

595. 

Or. 2181. Foil. 48 ; 8| in. by 6 ; 27 or 28 
lines, 4 in. long ; written in small and rather 



cursive Neskhi, apparently in the 1 7th century, 
except foil. 29 48, which are in a rude 
Neskhi of the 19th century. 



An account of the genealogy of Arab 
tribes. 



Beg. 



-o 



The author does not give his name, but 
he refers in the preface, and again in the 
body of the work, fol. 8a, to his previous 
work entitled c-yN JjUS Uj** j t-j,^ &>\&, 
which, as is well known, was written A.H. 
812, by Shihab al-Din Abu '1- 'Abbas Ahmad 
B. 'Abdallah B. Ahmad B. 'Abdallah B. 
Sulaiman B. Isma'il al-Kalkashandi al-Misri 
al-Shaa'i, called Ibn Abi Ghuddah. 

The author's name is written as above in 
an early copy of the last-named work ; see 
the Arabic Catalogue, p. 1656. Al-Makrizi 
calls him also Ahmad B. 'Abdallah, adding 
that he died in Cairo on the 10th of 
Jumada II., A.H. 821 (Suluk, fol. 57), while 
Ibn Hajar in the Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 242a, 
and al-Sakhawi in al-Dau al-Lami', call him 
Ahmad B. 'Ali. See also Haj. Khal., 
vol. vi., p. 396 ; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. v., p. 170 ; Wustenfeld, Geschicht- 
schreiber, no. 467; and Calcaschandi's Geo- 
graphie und Verwaltung, Abhandlungen der 
k. Ges., Gottingen, Band xxv. 

After referring in the preface to his pre- 
vious and more comprehensive work, the 
author says that the present one deals espe- 
cially with the extant Arab tribes and their 
origins. He compiled it for his patron, al- 
Kadi al-Nasiri (i.e., Nasir al-Din) Abu'l- 
Ma'ali Muhammad B. Kamal al-Din Muh. 
B. Fakhr al-Din 'Uthman al-Juhani al-Barizi 



AFRICA. 



887 



al-Shafi'i al-Mu'ayyadi, head secretary of the 
Chancelry, ta^lM LJ^)\ o^.jV c-*9-^ 

Nasir al-Din al-Barizi, who was bora 
A.H. 767, had been Kadi of Halab. He 
filled the office of chief secretary, j~A\ <_Jtf, 
under al-Malik al-Mu'ayyad (A.H. 815 
824), and died 8 Shawwal, A.H. 823. See 
Inba al-Ghumr, fol. 253a, Suluk, fol. 72a. 

The present work was written between 
A.H. 818 (the latest date mentioned in it, 
fol. 47a) .and A.H. 821, the date of the 
author's death. It is divided into a Mukad- 
diraah, a Maksad, and a Khatimah, as 
follows : 

Mukaddimah, treating generally of genea- 
logies and tribes, in five chapters, fol. 26. 
Maksad in two chapters, viz., I. Pedigree of 
the Prophet, with its ramifications, fol. 56 ; 
II. Extant Arab tribes and their genealogies. 
This last section, which forms the main bulk 
of the work, is divided into three parts 
(Kism), viz., 1. 'Aribah, or Banu Kahtan, 
fol. Sa ; 2. Musta'ribah, or Banu Isma'il, 
fol. 24a; 3. Arabs of doubtful descent, or 
Berbers, fol. 376. Khatimah : Account of the 
author's patron, Nasir al-Din Muhammad al- 
Barizi, and of his ancestors, foil. 40a 486. 

Haj. Khal., who mentions the work, vol. iv., 
p. 565, was mistaken in ascribing it to the 
father of the real author. 

On the first page of the MS. is a title 
attributing the work to al-Suyuti : lailii i_Ju!l3 



In the same place, and again at the end, 
is written the name of a former owner : 
" B. Taylor, Busreh, 1854." 

596. 

Or. 1543. Foil. 61 ; 13 in. by 9; 30 lines, 
6|- in. long; written in fair Neskhi, and, for 
the greater part, in tabulated form ; dated 
1st Muharram, A.H. 1232 (A.D. 1816). 

[SiR HENRY C. RAWLINSON.] 



A work on the genealogies of the Arab 
tribes, compiled, A.H. 1229, by Abu '1-Fauz 
Muhammad Amm al-Suwaidi. See the Arabic 
Catalogue, pp. 4376, 5796. The work has 
been lithographed, Bombay, A.H. 1296. 

This copy was written only three years 
after the composition of the work. It has a 
dedication to Kasim Beg, son of the late 
Muhammad Beg Shawi Zadeh, which is 
wanting in the previously described copies. 

On .the first page is a notice of the work, 
concluding thus : " Purchased by me at 
Baghdad, June 5, 1848. H. Rawlinson." 



Africa. 

597. 

Or. 1075. Foil. 229 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
4 in. long ; written in fair and distinct 
Maghribi character ; dated, fol. 212a, in the 
first days of Dulka'dah, A.H. 1125 (A.D. 
1713). [CAUSSIN DE PERCEVAL.] 

I. Foil. 36 21 2a. 



History of Morocco and of the city of Fez, 
from the origin of the Idrisi dynasty to 
A.H. 726, the date at which the work was 
written. 






Beg. 



The author, who is not named in the 
present copy, was, according to the best 
authorities, Abu '1-Hasan 'Ali B. 'Abdallah 
(alias B. Muhammad) Ibn Abi Zar'. See 
Haj. Khal., vol. i., p. 489, vol. ii., p. 138. 
Ibn al-Khatib mentions (in the preface to 
the Ihatah, Or. 3023, fol. 36) Ta'rikh Fas, by 
3D2 



388 



HISTORY. 



Ibn Abi Zar', as one of his authorities, and 
Ibn Khaldun gives the same name to the 
author of the Kartas. In some MSS., how- 
ever, the work is ascribed to Abu Muh. 
Salih B. 'Abd al-Halim al-Gharnati. 

The text has been edited with a Latin 
version by Tornberg, Upsala, 1843 46. 
There are, besides, translations in German 
by. Franz von Dombay, Agrarn, 1794; in 
Portuguese by J. de Santo Antonio Moura, 
1828 ; and in French by Auguste Beaumier, 
1860. For other MSS., see Tornberg's 
preface, p. 4 ; Krafft, no. 253 ; Pertsch, 
no. 1696 ; the Paris Catalogue, no. 1868 ; 
and Mission Scientifique en Tunisie, no. 84. 

The MS. agrees for the most part verbatim 
with Tornberg's edition, but it wants the 
following chapters : Reign of al-Mu'ansir B. 
al-Mu'izz, and the next following chapter, 
Tornberg, pp. 71 74. Reign of Abu Muh. 
'Abd al-Mumin B. 'AH, pp. 119132. Reign 
of Idris Abu Dabus, pp. 174 184. Reign 
of Abu Yahya B. 'Abd al-Hakk, pp. 194198. 
The Urjuzah in praise of Abu Yusuf Ya'kub 
B. 'Abd al-Hakk, pp. 200-1. Expedition of 
Abu Yusuf against Don Nuno, pp. 212 215. 

On the other hand, the MS. has at the end, 
foil. 211a 212a, some additional notices 
belonging to the years 724 26. The last 
of these relates to the building by Abu Sa'Id 
of a bridge, which was commenced on the 
19th of Sha'ban, A.H. 726. 

II. Foil. 212 229a. 



A topographical and historical account of 
the city of Miknasah (Mequinez), by Aba 
'Abdallah Muh. B. Ahmad Ibn Ghazi al- 
'Uthmani al-Katami, who died A.H. 919 
(see no. 302, II.). 

Beg. y 



In the next following passage of the pre- 
amble the author gives the title of the work, 
and refers to Miknasah as his native place, 
and the home of his youth : <_xijj 



From a short notice of the author's own 
life, with which the work concludes, we learn 
that he proceeded, about A.H. 858, from 
Miknasah to Fas to prosecute his studies 
there, and that he had recorded in a separate 
work the masters whom he met in both 
cities. After spending twenty years with 
his relatives in the town of Katamah, he 

took up his abode in Fas : 



o \Q 



l5 w^. 



Jlfljki\ .ijO tiU 






o 



The present work is mentioned among his 
numerous writings in al-Sana al-Bahir, fol. 
206. It has been translated by M. 0. Houdas, 
under the title of " Monographie de Me- 
quinez," Journal Asiatique, 1885, I., pp. 
101 147. In a passage occurring fol. 2206 
the author acknowledges having extracted 
the preceding part of his history from a 
work of the Kadi Abu '1-Khattab Sahl B. al- 
Kasim B. 'Abdallah B. Muh. B. Hammad B. 
Zaghbush, who was born in Guadix, stayed 
some time in Tawara (Miknasah), the home 



AFRICA. 



889 



of his ancestors, returned to Spain A.H. 610, 
and died in Murcia. 

The present copy is by the same hand as 
the preceding work. At the end of the 
volume is a note by a former owner, 'Abbas 
B. 'All B. 'Abd al-Jalal, who bought it in 
Algiers, A.H. 1139. 

598. 

Or. 3270. Foil. 73; 9| in. by 6 ; 19 lines, 
4f in. long ; written in fair Maghribi cha- 
racter; dated A.H. 1168 (A.D. 1775). 

[S. DE SAOT.] 

Life of Khair al-DTn Pasha (Barbarossa), 
with the heading : a 



J1 



This is the translation of the Turkish 
work known as Ub U ^J\ * C->V,js>, by 
Sinan Cha'ush. See the Turkish Catalogue, 
p. 60. It agrees in the main with the French 
version published by Sander Beg and F.Denis, 
under the title of " Fondation de la Regence 
d'Alger," Paris, 1837 ; but it is fuller, and 
contains many particulars omitted in the 
latter. It concludes with the disastrous 
retreat of Charles V., who, as stated in the 
last lines, fol. 73a, was not able to take 
away a single one of the 4000 horses he had 
brought, and who enriched the Algerians with 

the booty he left behind : J>\ J&\ 



^s\ JU3 (Fondation de la Regence d'Alger, 
vol. ii.j p. 67.) 



The last page contains the beginning of 
the narrative of a dream, in which the author, 
who does not give his name, saw Muhammad, 
and heard from his lips precepts intended for 
all Muslims, j^ 



The MS. is noticed in the " Bibliotheque 
de S. de Sacy," torn, iii., p. 38, no. 214. 



599. 



Or. 2409. Foil. 113; 11 in. by 8 ; 26 
lines,. 5 in. long ; written in plain Neskhi, 
apparently in the 19th century. 

[Presented by COL. CHAS. E. GOEDON.] 



A detailed history of the Muslim conquest 
of Abyssinia; by Shihab al-Dm Ahmad B. 
'Abd al-Kadir B. Salim B. 'Uthman, who 
lived in Hizan, or Jlzan. 

Beg. 



This is only the first volume of the work. 
The title and the author's name are found in 
the colophon, fol. 126 : iial ^ Jj^\ ? J 



In the preface the author refers to the 
work as Futflh al-Habashah, " Conquest of 
Abyssinia, by Imam Ahmad B. Ibrahim," 
whose name is preceded by a string of high- 
sounding titles, as follows : 



jt* 



390 



HISTORY. 



From the above it appears that the author 
was writing after the death of his hero ; but 
lie had received some statements from his 
own lips (see fol. 526), and he relies also on 
the oral testimony of Amir Husain B. Abi 
Bakr al-Jatiri and others, who had followed 
the Imam in his campaigns. In another 
passage, fol. 16, he refers to the tenth century 
of the Hijrah as the present one, and says 
that until then there had never been wanting 
men to discharge the holy duty of Jihad. 

At the outset the author gives a summary 
sketch of the descendants of Sa'd al-Dln, 
.who ruled what he calls the Barr Sa'd al- 
DTn, ^.^ ^->y, i-e., the Somali coast, the 
starting-point of the Muslim invaders of 
Abyssinia. One of these, Sultan Muhammad 
B. Azar B. Abu Bakr B. Sa'd al-Dln, reigned 
for thirty years in the ninth century of the 
Hijrah, but was beaten by the Abyssinians. 
Some time after him the country was ruled 
for seven years by a just king, al-Jarad 
A bun, ^jA fy\ who was put to death by 
a son of the former king, Sultan Abu Bakr 
B. Muhammad B. Azar. The future con- 
queror was at first a simple horseman in 
the service of al-Jarad Abun. His first 
achievements were a victory gained over 
the Christians led by the Batrik Fanil, 
and the establishment of his rule in Harar. 
His early life was spent in a constant 
struggle with Sultan Abu Bakr, with whom 
he some time shared the sovereign power, 
but whom he ultimately put to death, and 
replaced by the Sultan's brother, 'Urnar Din 
B. Muhammad B. Azar. 

The conquest of Abyssinia, the detailed 
account of which occupies the main part of 
the present volume, from fol. 76 to the end, 



is stated incidentally, fol. HOa, to have 
lasted six years ; and, as Kamadan A.H. 941 
is the date next mentioned, fol. 1116, it may 
be assumed, in the absence of precise dates, 
to have commenced about A.H. 935. The 
only dates mentioned are A.H. 937, fol. 53a, 
and A.H. 938, foil. 736, 87, 986. The 
Imam was seconded throughout the war by 
the Wazir 'Adli. His opponents were the 
king of Abyssinia, Wanaj Sajjad, &s?* ^>j 
(Wanag Sagad I., who reigned thirty-two 
years, A.D. 150840 [A.H. 914 47] ; see 
Wright, ^Ethiopia Catalogue, pp. vii. and 
3170), and the latter's principal general, 
Batrik Dajlajan (Deglagan). The Imam is 
said, fol. lOOa, to have subdued three- 
quarters of Abyssinia, and the chief places 

conquered are thus enumerated : \JJ\A 



The latest events recorded are the conquest 
of Tigre, c^, and Axum, ^\, fol. 104a, 
a battle fought on the way to Baki Madar, in 
Shawwal, A.H. 941, fol. 1116; the surren- 
dering of Samin by its inhabitants, the 
Jewish Falashahs, fol. 112a; and the taking 
of Baki Madar, ^< ^w, Wakrih, tj s , al- 
Kujjam, -Vp-yiH, and the district of al-Danbiya, 
Ix-j^, fol. 112tf. The concluding passage, 
fol. 112?), relates to the lake of al-Danbiya 
(Lake Tzane), which is described as being 
four journeys long, and containing thirty 
fertile islands, in which the natives had 
taken refuge. 

The next page, fol. 113, contains the 
beginning of the 2nd volume. The passage 
relating to Lake Danbiya is repeated, and it 
is further related how the Imam had some 
canoes made of the trunks of trees, and 
embarked himself in one of them to lead his 
followers to the attack of the islanders. 



AFRICA. 



391 



Both the king of Abyssinia and the Muslim 
invader are recorded by Bruce in his Travels, 
but disguised under other names. The former 
is called David III., and the latter Mahomet 
Gragne\ However, the concordance of dates, 
and of the leading facts of their history, 
leaves no doubt as to their identity. See 
Bruce's Travels, Edinburgh, 1790, vol. ii., 
pp. 124 172. Further on, p. 190, Gragne 
is stated to have been shot dead in an 
encounter with the Portuguese, in February, 
1543(A.H. 949). 

On the fly-leaf, fol. 114a, and in a later 
and cursive hand, is a short notice relating 
to the rules of Harar in modern times. They 
are called descendants of the Amir 'All B. 
Da'ud, who was in power about A.H. 1058. 
After Amir Ahmad came one of his relatives, 
'Abdallah 'Abd al-Majid, who was evicted 
three months later by a nephew of Amir 
Ahmad. This last was expelled, A.H. 1274, 
by Muhammad B. 'Ali Shakur, who was put 
to death, A.H. 1291, by Ra'uf Pasha. In 
A.H. 1295, Yusuf, a son of Amir Ahmad, 
was appointed Mudlr by Gordon Pasha. 



600. 

Or. 2666. Foil. 17 ; 10 in. by 7f ; 18 lines, 
4J in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
5 Jumada I., A.H. 1294 (A.D. 1877). 

[Presented by SIR JOHN KIRK.] 



History of the island of Kilwa, or Quiloa, 
on the eastern coast of Africa, now included 
in the Zanzibar dominions. 



Jl SJ$ ^J \y^ tirf. 1 ^"' *~ J?H' 'f,.y^ * 

c. CT 

The author's name does not appear in the 



text, but it is found in the following title 
written by Sir John Kirk on the fly-leaf : 
" Notes on the History of Kilwa, by Sheikh 
Moheddin [Muhyi al-Din] of Zanzibar, 1862." 
He states incidentally, fol. 1 6a, that he was 
born A.H. 904, and the Sultan, by whose 
desire he wrote the work, and to whose 
record he devotes its concluding chapter, 
was Muhammad B. al-Sultan Husain B. al- 
Sultan Sulaiman, who appears to have reigned 
in the latter half of the tenth century of the 
Hijrah. 

The work is divided into a Mukaddimah, 
treating of intellect and its rules, fi ^J 
wbTj JjUM, and ten Babs, the headings of 
which are as follow : 



Fol. 6a. ^ J\ 



Fol. 8a. 



Fol. 86. 



Fol. 96. 



Fol. 116. 



Fol. 13a. * 



I. 



II. 



III. 



a* 



ui)il\ ^j/J J IV. 



* V. 



i VI. 



Fol. 14a. 

_y v5- 

W yi^JV JT, 



i VII. 



i J VIII. 



392 



HISTORY. 



IX. 



'y 



^.*j .A*^ 



X. 



j.jLjJuw 



In the present copy, Bab VII. comes to 
an abrupt termination ; and the last three 
are wanting. 

The first Muslim settlers on the African 
coast are said to have come from Shiraz. 
A man called Hasan B. 'Ali and his six sons 
sailed in seven ships and landed at different 
points of the coast. The sixth son alighted 
on Kilwa, and purchased the island from its 
heathen owner, the native chief of Almuli. 

The first king mentioned is Sultan 'Ali B. 

f-' 

al-Husain, surnamed Ighawumij, *$*!, who 

lived about the middle of the third century 
of the Hijrah, and established his son in the 
neighbouring island of Manfasiyyah, &jLii*. 
His successors and some subsequent dynas- 
ties are very briefly chronicled. The length 
of each reign is stated, but no dates are 
given. Bab V., however, offers a synchronism 
in the record of the arrival at Kilwa of the 
Rasuli prince, Malik Mas'ud B. al-Malik al- 
Muayyad, driven from Aden by Sultan 'Ali 
B. Tahir. This must have been about 
A.H. 859. See Johannsen, Hist. Jemange, 
p. 186. 

More precise dates are given in Bab VII., 
which treats of the reign of Sultan Fudail, 
who succeeded A.H. 901, and his " Mayor of 
the Palace," Amir Ibrahim. It contains an 
account of their dealings with the European 
navigators (Vasco de Gama and Cabral), from 
A.H. 904 to 908. That chapter breaks off 
in a passage describing how. Amir Ibrahim 



proceeded by boat to an interview with the 
Portuguese commander (see 1'Asie de Barros, 
Thevenot, Histoire de divers Voyages, vol. ii., 
p. 14, and Rigby's report on the Zanzibar 
Dominions, Selections from the Records of 
the Bombay Government, no. lix., p. 28). 

The MS. was presented to Sir John Kirk 
by the Sultan of Zanzibar, Barghash B. Sa'Id, 
who wrote in gold letters on the first page : 

U 



H 



601. 

Or. 3128. Foil. 82 ; 8 in. by 5 ; 15 lines, 
2f in. long ; written in fair Neskhi ; dated 
15 Sha'ban, A.H. 1011 (A.D. 1603). 

[KREMER, no. 138.] 



(fol. 8a) 

A work in praise of the Abyssinians, with 
lives of some notable men and women of 
that race, by 'Ala al-Dm Muhammad B. 'Abd 
al-Baki al-Bukhari al-Makki. 

The work was written, A.H. 991, for 
Sayyid al-Husain, the eldest son of the 
Sharif of Mecca, Sayyid Hasan B. Abi 
Numma. See the Arabic Catalogue, pp. 
158a, 5796, 7706; the Khedive's Library, 
vol. v., p. 81 ; Pertsch, no. 1694 ; Houtsma, 
no. 193; Wiistenfeld, Geschichtschreiber, 
no. 536 ; and Fliigel, Zeitschrift der D. Morg. 
Ges., vol. xvi., pp. 697 709, where a full 
analysis of the contents will be found. 

The author's name appears in the follow- 
ing inscription, by the same hand as the 
text: u^xU ^[^ j, JJJL>!i\ 



AFRICA. 



898 



Copyist : 



At the end are added a few verses, an 
admonition against secret idolatry, l _^- cd) 



-, 

by the great mystic Raslan al-Dimashki, and 
an Arabic note stating that the MS. belonged 
to Joseph Catafago, dragoman of the Prussian 
Consulate, Beyrout. 

602. 

Or. 4634. Poll. 107 ; 8 in. by 6 ; 21 lines, 
3f in. long; written in fair Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated Thursday, 15 Dul- 
hijjah, A.H. 1013 (A.D. 1605). [LANE.] 

I. Foil. 159. yltjil yli g, 

A work of Jalal al-Din 'Abd al-Rahman 
al-Suyuti in praise of the Abyssinians, with 
notices of some eminent men of negro blood. 

Be. 



The author describes his work as a much 
enlarged recension of a treatise of Abu'l- 
Faraj Ibn al-Jauzi, entitled Tanwlr al- 

Ghabash (j^j u ,b r J\ J^ai Jj <J~\ j>.?3, 
Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 455) ; adding that his 
own work is to that of his predecessor like 
a full moon to the crescent. 

The RaP Shan al-Hubshan is one of the 
two works of al-Suyuti which the author 
of Tiraz al-Mankush follows as his authori- 
ties. An extract from it has been given by 
S. de Sacy in his Chrestomathie, vol. i., 
p. 458. See also Haj. Khal., vol. iii., p. 475, 
and vol. vi., p. 677, no. 407. 

II. Foil. 60107. JjUi j <JljtiH\ jl 



Another copy of the work noticed under 
the preceding number. 



Copyist : 



il 



603. 

Or. 2345. Foil. 54; 8J- in. by 5J; 15 lines, 
3| in. long; written in clear Neskhi, with 
red-ruled margins ; dated Dulhijjah, A.H. 
1296 (A.D. 1879). 

[Presented by GORDON PASHA.] 

History of Nubia, from A.H. 910 to A.H. 
1280. 



Beg. 



*J\ 



The author, whose name does not appear, 
defines the scope of the work as follows : 



J Jy 



The history begins with the first king of 
the race called al-Funj, aN , namely, 'Umarah 
Dunkas, l _ r aj j ii *}*?"> wno founded the city 
of Sennar, A.H. 910, and with his successors, 
down to the last of the dynasty, al-Malik 
Unsah, -aiji ^\\, who was deposed A.H. 
1130 (fol. 8a). After him came al-Malik Nul, 
Jy CJJ4^ , a maternal relative of the former 
king, who died A.H. 1135, and his son al- 
Malik Badi Abu Shalukh, ^Li. y.l c?jb, in 
whose time the chiefs of the Hamaj, an 
Arab tribe, became the real rulers (^$\ '^* 
L-yN ^jj ^ >> ^j, fol. 8b). The next 
section deals with the first of those chiefs, 
al-Shaikh Muhammad Abu '1-Kllak, j^ giJI 
d)L^\ y.^,and with his successors, down to Mu- 
hammad B. 'Adlan, whose murder, A.H. 1232 
(see Buchta, der Sudan, p. 19), was followed 
by a period of anarchy. The last section 
begins (fol. 30i) with the Egyptian conquest, 
and the appearance of Ibrahim and Isma'Il 
Pasha on the scene, A.H. 1237. It is taken 

3E 



394 



HISTORY. 



up with the successive governors of the | to the Awa'il, i.e., to the origins of things, 



Sudan, and ends with Musa Pasha, who 
entered Khartum on the 4th of Safar, A.H. 
1279, and returned to it, after a journey to 
Cairo, in Jumada II., A.H. 1280. It con- 
cludes, fol. 516, as follows : \ jj Us> 



A short appendix, due to another writer 
(foil. 516 54a), who wrote it by desire of 
an exalted personage not named, begins 
with the mission of Ja'far Mazhar Pasha, 
A.H. 1281, and brings the history down to 
A.H. 1288. It concludeswiththe governorship 
of Ahmad Mumtaz Pasha, and with an account 
of his tyrannical rule, and of the indignities 
which he inflicted upon the Muslims. 

The following colophon gives the name 
of Muhammad Abu Bakr Makki Ahmad, but 
whether as author or as copyist remains 

doubtful : &JLJy tr ^ > 'j ^ utf"^ fJ-j^ ^ p* ^J 



*5 J>> 



On the first and last pages are impressions 
of the seal of Gordon Pasha, U>b ^jf-, by 
whom the MS. was presented to the Museum 
in 1881. 



Appendix to History. 

604. 

Or. 1530. Foil. 196 ; 7J in. by 5J ; 15 lines, 
3^ in. long ; written in cursive, but distinct, 
Neskhi; dated (fol. 1876) 19 Jumada I., 
A.H. 866 (A.D. 1462). 

[SiE HENKY C. EAWLINSON.] 



I. Foil. 1187. 

A collection of historical notices, relating 



and to the persons who originated certain 
customs, practices, or arts ; by Badr al-Din 
Abu 'Abdallah Muhammad B. 'Abdallah al- 
Shibli al-Hanafi. 



Beg. 



The author's name appears in the follow- 
ing title prefixed to the volume, in the same 



handwriting as the text : 



He was born A.H. 712, in al-Shibliyyah, 
a quarter of the town of al-Salihiyyah (near 
Damascus), of which his father was Kayyim, 
or warden, and from which his Nisbah al- 
Shibli is derived. He applied himself to the 
study of law and tradition under the best 
masters in Damascus and Cairo, and was 
appointed, A.H. 755, Kadi of Tarabulus. 
He held that office to the time of his death, 
which took place A.H. 769. It is said that 
he frequently took up arms and engaged in 
military operations along the coast. (See 
al-Durar al-Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 82a ; 
Ibn Tulun, Or. 3046, fol. 1536 ; and Tad- 
kirat'al-Nablh, Add. 7335, fol. 2326.) The 
work is mentioned by Haj. Khal., vol. i., 
p. 490, and vol. v., p. 413. 

In the preface, after dwelling at length on 
the priceless value of books, and after quoting 
innumerable sayings, in prose and verse, on 
that subject, the author speaks of his eager 
pursuit of knowledge, and enumerates his 
previous compositions, as follows : 



y*. 2. 

He submitted this last for revision to his 
master, Shaikh Abu '1-Hajjaj (Yusuf B. 'Abd 
al- Rahman) al-Mizzi (d. A.H. 742), of whom 



APPENDIX TO HISTORY. 



395 



he speaks as still living. 3. 

J**-^, a commentary upon the J 

of 'Ahd al- Wahid al-Jamma'ili (d. A.H. 600 ; 

v. Haj. Khal., vol. iv., p. 254). 4. t_a 

j>-Nj fKW. 5. 
6. 



l laai!\ ^fr. Having proceeded to Jeru- 
salem, A.H. 737, he found there the great 
Shaikh Abu Sa'Id B. al-'Ala'i (Khalll B. 
Kaikaldi, d. A.H. 761 ; v. al-Durar al-Kami- 
nah, Or. 3043, fol. 1206, and Uns al-Jalll, 
fol. 186), from whom he took down in 
writing much valuable information ; among 
others, a chapter on Awa'il, which, after 
returning home, he compared with his own 
notes on that subject. To these he sub- 
sequently made additions from the following 
works : 1. Kitab al- Awa'il, by the Hafiz Abu'l- 
Kasim Sulaiman B. Ahmad B. Ayyub al- 
Tabarani (who died in Ispahan, A.H. 360 ; 
Ibn Khallikan, vol. i., p. 592). 2. Kitab al- 
Awa'il, by Abu 'Arubah al-Husain B. Abi 
Ma'shar Muh. B. Maudud al-Harrani (who 
died A.H. 318 ; al-'Ibar, Add. 23,280, fol. 
111). 3. A chapter on Awa'il at the end of 
the work entitled al-Musannaf, by Abu 
Bakr ('Abdallah B. Muh.) Ibn Abi Shaibah 
(d. A.H. 235 ; v. Fihrist, p. 229 ; al-'Ibar, fol. 
76; Lib. Classium, viii.,no. 20). 4. Notices 
scattered in the book of Muh. B. Ishak al- 
Nadim (the Fihrist). 

The work is divided into twenty-five un- 
numbered sections, the headings of which 
are given at the end of the preface, fol. 10. 
They are arranged according to a general 
chronological order, beginning with Creation, 
the Ka'bah, Adam and the Prophets, &c., 
and concluding with the Resurrection, Para- 
dise, and Hell. 

At the end is an appendix headed 



foil. 178a 1876, not included in the table of 
contents. It consists of miscellaneous his- 
torical notices borrowed from various tra- 
ditionists, and begins : U J^ j (^U) 



It is divided into short sections (Fasl), the 
last of which treats of various eras, and 
contains a reference to A.H. 742 as the 
present year. 

It appears from the following colophon to 
have been transcribed, as well as the pre- 
ceding work, from the rough draft of the 

author : 



&i lie- 

II. Foil. 189196 ; written by the same 
hand, but in a smaller character, with about 
twenty lines in a page. 



The Kitab al- Awa'il of Abu '1-Kasim Sulai- 
man B. Ahmad B. Ayyub al-Tabarani, men- 
tioned as one of the sources of the preceding 
work. 



alll 

It begins with a Riwayat, starting from 
Shams al-Din Abu '1-Hajjaj Yusuf B. Khalil 
B. 'Abdallah al-Dimashki (who died in Halab, 
A.H. 648, at the age of ninety-three ; 
Orientalia, vol. ii., p. 235), with whom the 
work was read in Halab, and ascending, 
through two intermediate links, to Abu 

O 

Nu'aim Ahmad B. 'Abdallah B. Ahmad 
(born A.H. 336, died A.H. 430 ; Ibn Khal- 
likan, vol. i., p. 74 ; Ta'rikh al-Islam, Or. 49, 
fol. 153), who had it from the author. 
3 E 2 



396 



HISTORY. 



The work is divided into a number of 
short sections headed <_. >b, each of which 
contains a separate Hadith, or statement, 
preceded by its Isnad. The first Bab relates 
to the Hadith ^1 A\ ^ U Jjl The copy 
is signed by the same scribe as art. I., and 
is dated 6 Muharram, A.H. 866. 

On the literature of the Awa'il, gee Haj. 
Khal., vol. i., p. 490 ; Gosche, " Die Kitab 
al-Awa'il, Festgabe zur 25-ten Versammhmg 
der Philologen," Halle, 1867 ; Pertsch, Gotha 
Catalogue, no. 1551 ; and Melanges Asiatiques, 
vol. i., p. 100. 

605. 

Or. 1313. Two rubbings, taken from tumular 
inscriptions in the royal mausoleum of Sheila, 
near Kabat, Morocco, by Mr. Frost, H. M.'s 
Vice- Consul at Rabat, and presented by 
Trovey Blackmore, Esq. 

The first is a sheet of paper, 2 ft. 5 in. in 
height, by 2 ft. 2 in. It is from the tomb of 
Sultan Abu Ya'kub Yusuf. The essential 
part of the inscription reads as follows : 

Ufe 



Abu Ya'kub Yusuf B. Abi Yusuf Ya'kub 
B. 'Abd al-Hakk, of the Beni Merin dynasty, 
was assassinated by a eunuch slave in Tlemsen 
Jedid on the 7th of Dulka'dah, A.H. 706. 
The inscription confirms the date of that 
event as recorded in Raud al-Kartas, Beau- 
mier's translation, p. 548, and by Ibn Khal- 
dun, De Slane's translation, vol. iv., p. 169. 
For an account of the mausoleum, now in 



ruins, and a translation of the inscription, 
see the Athenaeum, September, 1875, p. 380. 

The second rubbing is on a slip of paper 
six feet long by 8 in. 

It was taken from the tomb of a daughter 
of Abu 'Inan, sou of Abu '1-Hasan 'Ali B. 
Abu Said B. Abu Yusuf Ya'kub B. 'Abd al- 
Hakk, of the same dynasty. Abu 'Inan 
seized upon the throne in his father's absence, 
A.H. 749, and died A.H. 759. The princess 
died on the 4th of Rajab, A.H. 750. The 
inscription reads in its essential part as 

follows : ii-UaM LJuN SfeUaM SU U3^ *> U& 



* 



For a full account of Abu 'Inan, see Ibn 
Khaldun, Histoire du Berberes, translation, 
vol. iv., pp. 271318. 



606. 

Or. 1738. Foil. 205 ; 10 in. by 5 ; about 
13 lines in a page ; written by various hands 
in Neskhi and Nestalik, about A.D. 1853. 

[SiE H. MIERS ELLIOT.] 

Extracts relating to India from sixteen 
historical Arabic MSS., preserved in the 
Library of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 
written for Sir H. Elliot. 

At the beginning is a list of the nineteen 
extracts, at the head of which is written : 



.!>.$* ^ 



W 



APPENDIX TO HISTORY. 



397 



AJlitf; jt> W ji> 



?J^] Jl 
Jj> JU juJ 

The extracts are from the following works : 

Fol. 2. w \kSAM S^ft, w li^ y, by Abu 
Muh. 'Abdallah B. As'ad al-Yafi'i (no. 473). 

Fol. 8. jt* ^01 yySNjUtl J ,yHj jW ^> 
by Sayyid Muh. B. Abi Bakr al-Shilli ; v. 
Arabic Catalogue, p. 431Z>. 

Fol. 12. yj-UW ua-^N i>J J y^N W LJ1, 
by 'All B. Burhan al-Dln al-Halabi ; v. Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 4246. 

Fol. 19. ujpai ^ JJ J ujp<c4l, by 
Muhammad Khatlb al-Abshihi ; v. Arabic 
Catalogue, p. 335o. 

Fol. 24. t/j^o- t^*"-jN ciofr Ojl3, a general 

history, from Creation to A.H.597, apparently 
jrtN -^j^ jj (JaJui^, by 'Abd al-Rahman Ibn 
al-Jauzi (no. 460). 

Fol. 28. Jj^jlST, J,J\jb^l by Ahmad al- 
Karamani (no. 491). 

Fol. 50. t-*^.U^^ sy, ascribed to Abu 
'Abdallah Muh. B. 'Urnar Zain al-Din B. al- 
Wakidi. 

Beg. J^jA^W 1 ^^^ ^.^ ^J jji 

The work, which is called at the end s\j 
Qji^j^W ib.Uj ^J c-^l*^', is stated to have 
been composed A.H. 767, and to treat of 
history, genealogy, geography, and politics. 

The last title and the above date give a 
clue to the real author, Muhammad B. Kasim 
B. Muh. al-Nuwairi al-Malaki al-Iskandarani, 
who wrote a work in three volumes, contain- 
ing, besides an account of the taking of 
Alexandria by the Franks, A.H. 767, much 
miscellaneous historical matter. See al- 
Durar al-Kaminah, Or. 3044, fol. 109, and 
Haj. Khal., vol. ii., p. 107. 



The MS. is stated to consist of 275 folios, 
with 25 lines in a page, and to be dated 
A.H. 809. 



Fol. 71. 
Shakrawati Farmad. 

Beg. 



Jr, the story of 



Shakrawati Farmad is the name of a king 
of Malabar, who, having witnessed from his 
residence, Kalankur, the splitting of the 
moon by Muhammad, acknowledges him as 
the true Prophet, and spreads Islamism in 
his dominions. 



Fol. 94. j\ ^\ JK, the Kamil, by Ibn al- 
Athir (no. 462). 

Fol. 126. fi\xtt\ u*^, by Abu'l-Hasan 
Muh. B. 'Abdallah al-Kisa'i (no. 497). 

Fol. 130. *Ulil jj\3, by Jalal al-Din 'Abd 
al-Rahman al-Suyuti (no. 483). 

Fol. 134. JjjJl j^^f, by Abu'l-Faraj 
(no. 32). 

Fol. 142. t_*toiM jj*, by al-Mas'udi (no. 

448). 



Fol. 146. Lup rf\ o,\3, i.e. 

, ascribed to Ibn Kutaibah (no. 519). 



Fol. 150. *JjA\ i^jj.-o, an encyclopaedic 
work, abridged from the Miftah al-Sa'adah 
of Ahmad B. Mustafa Tashkubri Zadah (see 
the Khedive's Library, vol. vi., p. 195). 
The extract contains an enumeration of 
historical works. 



Beg. 



Fol. 163. 
the Kamil. 



another extract from 



398 



BIOGRAPHY. 



Fol. 184. y'jJuH ^4", by al-Kazwini ; 
v. Arabic Catalogue, p. 441a. 

Fol. 190. ,jLN <&>.<**, the preface and table 
of contents of the work above-mentioned 
(fol. 150). 

Beg. 5) yjUjo 



Fol. 202. jljt J-ac-, another extract from 
al-Shilli's work (fol. 8). 



BIOGRAPHY. 

607. 

Or. 1281. Foil. 153; lOJin. by7; 21 lines, 
5 in. long ; written in large and plain 
Neskhi, about A.H. 672 (A.D. 1273). 



The fourth volume of the biographical 
dictionary of Ibn Khallikan, in the hand- 
writing of the author. 

This volume contains the additional notices, 
completing the letter <_j, which the author 
wrote after his return from Damascus to 
Cairo, at the end of A.H. 669, and finished, 
as stated in the epilogue, fol. 1525, on the 
22nd of Jumada II., A.H. 672. See Wiis- 
tenfeld's edition, xii., p. 119, and De Slane's 
translation, vol. iv., p. 560. The contents 
correspond with pp. 114 602 of the latter 
work, and with the lives 817 865 of Wiis- 
tenfeld's edition. 

After being long separated from its fellow 
volume, described at length in the Arabic 
Catalogue, pp. 685 87, the present portion 
of the precious autograph has, by a curious 
and happy chance, been brought from another 
quarter to join again the former volume on 



the shelves of the Museum, which has thus 
become possessed of three-quarters of that 
valuable work in the original draft of the 
author. Ibn Khallikan' s handwriting has 
been faithfully reproduced in a facsimile of 
Add. 25,735, Oriental Series of the Palseogra- 
phical Society, plate 38. 

In one respect this volume has fared better 
than the former. It has not been so ruth- 
lessly trimmed, and has preserved a larger 
proportion of its original width, and of the 
numerous autograph additions which crowd 
the margins. But, on the other hand, it has 
had the mischance of losing in various places 
a number of leaves, the contents of which 
have been carefully supplied, but by another 
and much later hand. That restoration was 
completed, as stated at the end, on the 15th 
of Ramadan, A.H. 991 (A.D, 1583). 

The following list shows the beginning 
and end of the portions of the autograph 
MS. preserved in this volume, with references 
to the corresponding passages in the fourth 
volume of De Slane's translation. 



Foil. 1619. Beg. 
(p. 156, line 13). 

End : ,> jj 
^^ (p. 171, line 25). 

Foil. 2365. Beg. 
jJjM Jl c^o, (p. 179, line 26). 

Ending with the last line of the notice of 
Ibn al-Sikkit (p. 299). 

Fol. 68. Beg. JUSM ^Jjj J^o j f^^r" 
(p. 340, line 7). 



Ending 

(p. 342, line 7). 



Foil. 70, 71. Beg. 
(p. 344, line 7). 



BIOGRAPHY. 



390 



End. . 

(p. 353, line 7). 

Fol. 73. Beg. Uy_ u IcjJ j^*5l Jl 
(.p. 355, line 15). 

End. oT (j\jl i-> a^is cJo (_^.lj ^.J w \ Ui 
J'li ^li* J (p. 357, line 20). 

Foil. 75148. Beg. *^b w^l 8j 01 ^ 
ylaJb j3\ (p. 362, line 24). 

End. W"-'^. V jcLejj &~JU: l^j jwl!\ c*i^j 
(p. 581, line 30). 

The writing of Ibn Khallikan is, without 
any pretension to elegance, well shaped and 
perfectly distinct. In all doubtful cases the 
author has carefully added the vowels and 
other additional signs to distinguish letters 
liable to be mistaken for others. A collation 
of his text would be useful to correct any 
mistakes that have escaped the editor or the 
translator. A few instances will be found 
in the very first leaves of the MS. Thus 
the surname of Shihab al-DTn al-Suhrawardi, 
fol. I6a, is not C^j^b >J^, al-Murid bil- 
Malakut as read by Wiistenfeld, x., p. 100, 
and by De Slane, p. 156, but O^b jJ^U, al- 
Mu'ayyad bil-Malakut. On the verso of the 
same folio we read : j^3i\ tdj s^e- t_*ijJ > J6j 
i^a- ^ aib \\ " The above-mentioned son (al- 
Zahir, son of Saladin) had already arrested 
him (al-Suhrawardi) on account of the reports 
that had reached him concerning the same." 
Instead of U De Slane read Q, and trans- 
lated, p. 157 : " al-Zahir had him arrested 
as soon as he was told of it." Further on, 
fol. 176, the name ^ y\ is vocalized Abu 
Raub., instead of Abu Ruh, as read by De 
Slane, p. 163. 

The author's marginal additions, more or 
less mutilated by the trimming of the volume, 
are found inserted in the text in later MSS. 



and in the printed editions. In two places, 
where the margins did not afford sufficient 
space, such additions have been written on 
supplementary leaves ; see foil. 49 and 112. 

A tabulated index of the lives has been 
prefixed (fol. 26), by the same hand that sup- 
plied the lost leaves. On fol. 3a is written this 
title : /b\ Ui^ J&y] e_>UJ, L 



On the 

same page are notes of former owners, one 
of whom, Muhammad B. 'Abd al-Baki B.