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Full text of "A supplement to F. Hamilton Davey's Flora of Cornwall"

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Biology 



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VOLUME XXI. 



part 1-1022. 



TRURO: 

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Contents. 



PAGI;. 
List of Officers, Life and Subscribing Members .. > X' i.-ix. 

Spring Meeting (1921) ... ... / ... 1 

Summer Excursion (1921) ... .../ ... 9 

Annual Meeting (1921) ... /... ... 14 

Gifts and Additions to the Museum and Art 

Gallery (1921) ... ./' ... ... 85 

Income and Ex})enditnre Account ... ... 87 

The Kea Chalice and Pa^en, by the Rev. Canon 

H. H. Mills, M.A/fPresidential Address) ... 38 

Flint Implements/of Le Moustier Type from 

Camborne, by J. G. Marsden ... ... 48 

The Men Scplfa, by Henry Jenner, M.A., F.S.A. ... 56 

The Aims Of Cornwall, The Two Wrestlers, by 

^f Robert Edgcumbe ... ... ... 68 

Gujfie Dancing and The Christmas Play, by 

'. Morton Nance ... ... ... 70 

A Supplement to F. Hamilton Davey's Flora of 
Cornwall, by Edgar Thurston, C.I.B., and 
Chambre C. Vignrs, B.A., M.D. 



Kojjal Institution of orntoaH. 



A SU 



JS BK E: NT 



TO 



F. HAMILTON DAVEY'S 

FLORA OF CORNWALL 

BY 

EDGAR iJHURSTON, C.I.E., 

sometime Superintendent, Madras Government Museum, 
AND 

CHAMBRE C. VIGURS, B.A., M.D. Cantab. 







TRURO : 

OSCAR BLACKFORD, ROYAL PRINTKRIES. 
1922. 



CONTENTS. 

Page 

INTRODUCTION ... ... ... v. 

MEMOIR OF F. HAMILTON DAVEY ... ... ix. 

CORRIGENDA ET ADDENDA, DAVEY, FLORA OF 

CORNWALL, INTRODUCTION ... ... xvi. 

THE FLORA. 

DicotyJedones ... ... ... 1 

Monocotyledones ... ... ... 128 

Acotyledones or Cryptogamse ... ... 157 

ADDENDA ... ... ... ... 163 

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS OF ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA 165 

INDEX TO THE ORDERS AND GENERA 167 



SEP 26 1973 



INTRODUCTION. 



The Flora of Cornwall was published in 1909. Additions 
thereto, by Mr. F. H. Davey and Dr. C. C. Vigurs respectively, 
issued in the Journal of the Royal Institution of Cornwall, 191 1 
and 1913, are incorporated in the present Supplement. 

Analysis of the additions to the Flora since 1909 yields the 
following results : 

A. Species recorded in the Flora as doubtful 

or an error, and now included 9 

B. British species (native or casual) not 

recorded in the Flora 23 

C. British varieties and forms 142 

D. British hybrids 17 

E. Recorded in the Flora as extinct (Diotis 

maritima, Cass) 1 

F. Aliens (species and varieties) 110 

The species recorded in the Flora as doubtful or an error, 
and now included, are : /saris tinctoria, Linn; Silene cornea, 
Linn; Arenaria tenuifolia, Linn; Medicago minima, Desr; Senecio 
squalidus. Linn; Chenopodium glaucum, Linn; Euphorbia Esula, 
Linn; Malaxis paludosa, Sw; and Nitella gracilis, Agardh. 

The British species not recorded in the Flora are : 
Thalictrum dunense, Dum; Fumaria major, Badarro (paradoxa, 
Pugsley); Fumaria neglecta, Pugsley; Viola epipsila, Led; 
Dianthus deltoides, Linn; Rubus Scheutzii, Lindeb; Purus inter- 
media, Ehrh; Hieracium Peleterianum, Merat; Hieracium 
silvaticum, W. & N.; Verbascum pulcerulentum, Vill; Veronica 
triphyllos, Linn; Euphrasia Kerneri, Wettst; Euphrasia stricta. 



VI. INTRODUCTION. 

Host; Euphrasia con/usa, Pugsley; Ajuga pyramidalis, Linn; 
Salicornia appressa, Dum; Sagittaria sagittifolia, Linn; Agrostis 
verticillata, Vill; Mibora minima, Desv; Poa palustris, Linn; 
Atropis festuciformis, Richt; Isoetes hystrix., Durieu; and Chara 
delicatula, Groves and Bullock- Webster. 

The publication of Mrs. Gregory's British Violets in 1912 
stimulated the collection thereof, with the result that one species, 
two hybrids, and fifteen varieties or forms, have been added to 
the County Flora. 

The Davey Herbarium of Cornish and other British plants 
was acquired, after his death, by the Royal Institution of Corn- 
wall. It is available for examination at the Truro Museum, 
where also the Tellam Herbarium is preserved. The Herbarium 
of Dr. Ralfs came a few years ago into the possession of Mr. 
H. H. Goddard, who found the papers being used for wrapping 
up groceries. The Thurston Herbarium of Cornish plants, still 
in the making, has been presented to Kew. Private Cornish 
Herbaria are maintained by Mr. and Mrs. Perrycoste, Polperro; 
Mr. F. Rilstone, Polperro; Dr. C. C. Vigurs, Newquay; and Mr. 
W. Wise, Launceston. Mr. Wise has also presented a collection 
of Cornish and Devon plants to the Museum of the Launceston 
Historical and Scientific Society. 

Criticism that the present Supplement is burthened with 
records of well-known plants is perhaps disarmed by the explan- 
ation that Davey's policy of recording localities for plants other 
than those which are common and generally distributed 
throughout the County has been continued. The Supplement 
is an expansion of a local Flora, and intended as a guide for 
amateurs resident in or on a visit to the County, who like to 
know what plants, in addition to rarities, they may expect to 
find in any part of it which they are exploring. It has been well 
said by Mr. J. G. Baker, formerly Keeper of the Kew Herbarium, 
that ** botanists coming into Cornwall from the eastern or 
central parts of England find much to interest them in seeing 
how abundant some of the specially western species we-, and 
how many plants, which they take for granted are likely to be t 
common, are found to be rare or even altogether absent." 

We would impress on amateurs the importance of not 
merely recording, but preserving, for expert examination, 
voucher specimens of plants as to the identity of which there 
may be any doubt, or which are likely to be challenged. In 
the absence of such specimens, it has been found necessary to 



INTRODUCTION. vii. 

exclude several plants, which might have proved to be of con- 
siderable interest. 

Since 1909 death has removed from the ranks of those who 
were interested in the Cornish Flora, or who gave generous help 
to those engaged in the study thereof, Mr. J. G. Baker, Dr. H. 
Charlton Bastian, Mr. C. Bucknall, Mr. F. H. Davey, Mr. H. 
Groves, Mr. A. O. Hume, Mr. E. D. Marquand, the Rev. E. S. 
Marshall, Mr. Clement Reid, and the Rev. W. Moyle Rogers. 

We have to express our great indebtedness especially to 
the Journal of Botany, and the Reports of the Botanical Society 
and Exchange Club of the British Isles, and Watson Botanical 
Exchange Club, which have been liberally indented on. 

For permission to reproduce the portrait of Davey we are 
indebted to the Watson Botanical Exchange Club. 

Many amateur collectors have to express their gratitude for 
much generous assistance to the Staffs of the Kew Herbarium 
and British Museum (Natural History), Mr. A. Bennett, Dr. 
G. C. Druce, Mrs. Gregory, Mr. J. Groves, Professor A. Henry, 
Mr. A. B. Jackson, the Rev. E. F. Linton, Dr. C. E. Moss, Mr. 
H. W. Pugsley, the Rev. H. J. Riddelsdell, Mr. C. E. Salmon, 
and Dr. F. W. Stansfield. To Mr. George Penrose, Curator of 
the Cornwall County Museum, Truro, we are indebted for his 
kindly help in seeing the Supplement through the Press. 

The opportunity has been taken to correct some of the 
errors, which found their way into the Flora. Many records 
therein from Bridgerule should be withdrawn, as the locality 
is in Devon. 

Divisions one to eight correspond with the eight divisions 
into which the County was divided for the purpose of the Flora. 
Aliens, of which only a few isolated plants have been found, 
are, as in the Flora, printed in italics. The status native, 
alien, etc. of plants recorded in the Flora is not repeated in 
the present Supplement. An asterisk indicates that the plant is 
not recorded in the Flora. 

In a very interesting article in Science Progress, Vol. XV., 
No. 57, 1920, entitled " Cornish Phenology, 1912-19," Mr. 
Frank H. Perrycoste and Miss H. M. M. Perrycoste illustrate, 
by means of data collected in connection with the Wild Flower 
Society, the phenology of the part of Cornwall round Polperro 
durincr eight consecutive years. * There is,'* they write, "no 



viii. INTRODUCTION. 

need to emphasise the importance of systematised phenological 
records as indices to what one may perhaps call resultant climate, 
or to point out that the nett effect of temperature, rainfall, 
latitude, elevation, exposure, etc., is summed up in, e.g., the 
dates of flowering of plants without any ambiguity or possibility 
of error." 

Botanists visiting the Scilly Islands will find much that will 
interest them in an article on Tresco Abbey Gardens by Dr. 
A. W. Hill, F.R.S., published in the Kew Bulletin of 
Miscellaneous Information, No. 5, 1920. The suggestion is made 
therein that it would appear possible to set up a Flax (Phormium) 
industry in co-operation with Cornwall, and to keep a Cornish 
Flax Mill working throughout the year. 

In his Presidential Address to the South-eastern Union of 
Scientific Societies, 1918, on the Dispersal of Fruits and Seeds 
by Ocean Currents and Tides, Sir Daniel Morris noted that a 
seed of the Horse-eye, Mucuna urens, which is a native of the 
West Indies, had been picked up in Cornwall. 

A note by Mr. F. Rilstone, dealing with the new Cornish 
Mosses and Hepatics from the eastern half of vice-county 1 
(West Cornwall), was issued in the Journal of the Royal Institu- 
tion of Cornwall, 1917-18, pp. 310-13. A further article by Mr. 
Rilstone, entitled " Cornish Mosses and Hepatics," was pub- 
lished in the Journal of Botany, 1919, pp. 3-10. 

A note by Miss G. Lister, published in the Journal of 
Botany, 1920, pp. 127-9, deals with the information relating to 
Mycetozoa from Cornwall, which was brought together by the 
late Dr. Alfred Adams, who collected mainly at Looe and the 
surrounding country, and others. 

Quite apart from the mere systematic recording of localities 
in which the Cornish flowering plants, ferns, mosses, liverworts, 
lichens, and fungi occur, an enormous amount of interesting work 
still remains to be carried out in the demain of cecology, i.e., 
the branch of biology dealing with the relations of living plants 
in their surroundings, their habits, modes of life, etc.. in which, 
it has been said, the botanical morphologist, physiologist, and 
systematist, happily meet. 



FREDERICK HAMILTON DAVEY. 

Frederick Hamilton Davey, the son of Stephen Henry 
Davey, was born at Ponsanooth, in the Kennal Vale, in the 
parish of Perran-ar-worthal, West Cornwall, on September 10th, 
1868. He was educated at the village school, and, as his parents 
had a large family and a very limited income, he had to leave 
school at the early age of eleven, and went to work at the 
Kennal Powder Mills. It was then that his education really 
commenced, for, as far as circumstances would permit, he read 
wisely and widely. Then, first under the inspiration of his 
father, to whose memory he dedicated the Flora, and afterwards 
of Canon Saltern Rogers, vicar of the neighbouring parish of 
Gwennap, who conducted a class for boys, he devoted himself 
to Nature Study, and soon became fond of wandering in the 
lanes and fields in his spare time by day, and reading such 
Nature books as he could get hold of in the evenings. 

Although a somewhat delicate lad, things seemed to be 
going well with him until he was seventeen, when he had his 
first attack of rheumatic fever, which left a permanent defect 
in his heart. This, however, did not check him, for, during his 
long convalescence, he continued his studies, and kept a Formi- 
cary, from which he learnt much about Ants and their habits. 
He had another attack of rheumatic fever at the age of 23, and 
soon afterwards developed a chronic appendicitis. Still, nothing 
seemed to discourage him. From reading he advanced to 
writing, and, in 1891, he contributed his first paper to the Royal 
Cornwall Polytechnic Society, on the Rushes, Sedges and 
Grasses of the Kennal Vale and neighbourhood, illustrated by 
a series of well-selected and mounted specimens. This was 
followed, between 1892 and 1898, by papers on the Birds nesting 
in the same locality, Microscopic Studies, the Flora of Kennal 
Vale, and Artificial Formicaries. For these five papers he 
received a bronze and four silver medals. 



X. MEMOIR OF DAVEY. 

During the winter session, 1900-1, he studied Chemistry 
and Assaying at the Redruth School of Mines. He never worked 
in or on any mine. 

About this time he settled down to the study of Botany to 
the almost complete exclusion of other nature subjects, and 
seriously began the formation of his excellent Herbarium of 
Cornish and other British plants, now in the Museum of the 
Royal Institution of Cornwall. About this time, too, his health 
improved, and he was able to take longer botanical excursions 
outside his immediate neighbourhood. 

In 1899 he first met Mr. A. O. Hume, C.B., an enthusiastic 
plant collector, and there can be little doubt that this proved 
the turning point in his career, and the start of his life's work, 
namely, the Flora. 

It was at the Autumn Meeting of the Royal Institution of 
Cornwall in 1899 that he announced his intention of preparing a 
Flora of Cornwall, and asked for the assistance of other field 
botanists. This was followed by a letter in the local newspapers 
in March, 1900, again asking for help. This was the commence- 
ment of my acquaintance with him, and it was not long before 
we became very close friends. It was a vast work that he had 
undertaken, and one full of difficulties. He was a young botanist, 
at that time quite unknown outside Cornwall, and he was not 
in robust health or flourishing circumstances. He had little spare 
time; no good herbarium or reference library near at hand to 
consult; and there was no existing Flora of the County, which he 
could use as a foundation for his own. However, he threw 
himself undaunted into the work. He soon collected around 
him a band of willing helpers, willing because he infected us 
with some of his own enthusiasm and treated us with unfailing 
kindness, and because we felt that his was a master mind. 

His first contribution, in 1895, to the Royal Institution of 
Cornwall, to which his more important botanical papers were 
communicated, was an article on a Local Study in Plant Dis- 
tribution. This was followed in 1896 by a note on Bulbils and 
Gemmae; in 1897 by notes on the Acclimatisation of Exotics in 
the Falmouth-Truro district; the Bulbil Mite; Functions of Colour 
and Smell in Fungi; and the Dry Summer of 1896; and, in 1898, 
an article dealing with some Natural History Records. In 1899 
he communicated the first of a series of papers on Cornish 
Botanical Records, the last of which was a combined report for 
the years 1909-1910. His final contribution to the Institution 
was a record of the Phytogeographical Excursion to Cornwall in 



MEMOIR OF DAVEY. xi. 

August, 1911. In 1905 the Institution awarded him, for his 
treatises on the Botany of Cornwall, published in its Journal, its 
triennial Henwood Gold Medal, which was then for the first 
time given for botanical research. 

Davey's Tentative List of Flowering Plants, Ferns, etc., of 
Cornwall was published privately, and not for sale, in 1902. It 
was printed on one side of the paper only, and sent to all those 
who were doing field work in the County, and they were asked 
to enter their records on the blank pages. It was the first time 
a Prodromus to a County Flora had been issued, and very 
useful it proved to be. It brought together most of the previously 
scattered records; it informed workers what had been done; and 
showed plainly what was wanted. It also showed workers that 
their earlier records had been duly noted, and so encouraged 
them to further research. The copies supplied to them were 
recalled in the autumn, 1905, and then Davey settled down to 
the production of the Flora. This was printed and published 
by F. Chegwidden, of Penryn, in 1909. It is a fine demy 8vo. 
volume of over 600 pages, and has a good map of the County 
divided into eight botanical districts, and portraits of six deceased 
Cornish botanists. In writing the Flora, Davey took infinite 
pains to eliminate erroneous and doubtful records. He knew that 
some doubtful records by living amateur collectors remained, but 
the difficult position in which a refusal of them would have 
placed him was fully appreciated. 

Knowing Davey as well as I did, any appreciative remarks 
of mine on the Flora might be considered biassed, so I will 
content myself with a few quotations from independent botanists. 
In the Report of the Botanical Exchange Club of the British 
Isles, 1909, Mr. G. C. Druce writes : "Mr. Davey is to be con- 
gratulated on the completion of an excellent work"; and, in 
1915: * * The Flora was a well-written and trustworthy description 
of a very interesting area." In the Journal of Botany, January, 
1916, in an obituary notice, the Editor writes of Davey as ** the 
author of one of the best of our more recent local Floras"; 
and of the Flora he says : " The review published in the 
Journal (1909, 388) gives an appreciative if somewhat critical 
notice; it may be doubted whether any Flora owes more to 
steady personal investigation, hindered though this was by ill- 
health and business avocations." Davey's own copy of the 
Flora is interleaved, and contains many notes made by him, 
which are published in the present Supplement. During his 
last illness he handed it over to me. 

In addition to his earlier papers to the Royal Cornwall 



XH. MEMOIR OF DAVEY. 

Polytechnic Society, Davey contributed, in 1908, on behalf of 
that Society, a paper on the work of Carl Von Linne to the New 
York Academy of Science in connection with its bicentenary 
celebrations of the birth of that great naturalist. In the same 
year he contributed to the Polytechnic an account of a botanical 
excursion, which he piloted around Swanpool, Falmouth. In 
1909 he read papers on W. P. Cocks, a Cornish Naturalist, and 
on Neville Northey Burnard, a Cornish Sculptor. In 1911 he 
communicated a paper on three Cornishmen, whose portraits 
are hung in the Gallery of the Society, of whom only one, Davies 
Gilbert, P.R.S., was interested in plant life. In the same year 
he contributed his last paper to the Society, on Charles William 
Peach, A.L.S. He was for some years Honorary Librarian to 
the Society, and Editor of the Annual Reports, to which he 
compiled the General Index from 1898 to 1907. He was elected 
a Vice-President in 1908, and an Honorary Member in 1912. 
He acted as a Judge in Natural History at the Society's Exhibi- 
tions in 1909 and 1911. 

To the section of the Victoria History of the County of 
Cornwall, 1906, dealing with Botany, he contributed the intro- 
duction, summary of Orders, botanical districts with records of 
Flowering Plants, and notes on Menthas, Filices, and Characece. 

To the Journal of Botany Davey contributed a paper on 
Cornish Plants as early as 1900, and, in 1907, his most impor- 
tant paper, on Euphrasia Vigursii, Davey. Besides these his 
contributions were many, viz., in 1906 on the occurrence in Corn- 
wall of Poly gala serpyllacea, var. vincoides, Chodat; Narcissus 
odorus; Eriophorum an gust} folium, var. triquetrum; Carex mon- 
tana, forma; Veronica peregrina; Cornish Rubi and Hieracium 
umbellatum, var. curtum; in 1907 Notes from Cornwall; in 1908 
on Fumaria occidentalis; .Cornish Plants; and a biographical 
notice of R. V. Tellam; in 1910 on Agrostis verticillata at 
Falmoi^th; Malaxis paludosa; Herniaria hirsuta; and a new 
hybrid THTath found by Mr. P. D. Williams; and in 1911, his 
last paper to that Journal on Thalictrum dunense in Cornwall. 

To the Reports of the Watson Botanical Exchange Club, 
which he joined in 1900, he communicated many valuable notes, 
usually accompanied by sheets of plants. His specimens were 
always well selected, and beautifully mounted. He was a 
careful and discriminating collector, and never ruthlessly 
gathered rare plants, which were in the least danger of becoming 
still more scarce or extinct. In the Report for 1907-8 he finally 
deposed Herniaria glabra from any claim to being a Cornish 



MEMOIR OF DAVEY. Xin. 

plant. He acted as distributor to the Club in 1908. To the 
short-lived Cornish Magazine, Vol. II., 1899, he contributed an 
article on the plants growing in the grounds of Penjerrick, near 
Falmouth. 

In the local press Davey frequently wrote popular articles, 
which undoubtedly stimulated interest in the Cornish Flora. He 
occasionally delivered excellent popular lectures on Nature 
subjects in various parts of the County. At the Central Technical 
Schools for Cornwall at Truro he lectured on Botany during the 
session 1904-5, and was at one time examiner in Agricultural 
Botany to the Cornwall County Council. He was elected a 
Fellow of the Linnean Society in 1903, and was then its youngest 
Fellow. When the South London Botanical Institute was 
founded in 1911, he was appointed one of the eleven original 
Fellows. 

His most successful work was with the genus Fumaria. He 
discovered at least one new species, F. neglecta, Pugsley, and 
possibly another, determined by Dr. Fedde as a continental 
species, F. major, Badarro, but named by Mr. Pugsley as a new 
plant, F. paradoxa, Pugsley. In either case, the plant was new 
to the British Isles. He also added Fumaria purpurea, Pugsley, 
to the Cornish Flora. His next best work was with the Brambles 
(Rubi), he being the discoverer of no less than nine new to the 
County. In the genus Euphrasia he introduced to science a new 
critical species, E. Vigursii, Davey. He also added a variety in 
Poly gala serpyllacea, var. vincoides, Chodat. His further addi- 
tions to the Cornish Flora included Ranunculus trichophyllus 
and heterophyllus, Reseda inodora, Viola calcarea, LJlex Gallii, 
var. humilis, a Potentilla hybrid, Matricaria suaveolens (M. dis- 
coidea), which has now become a common Cornish weed, Gen- 
tiana lingulata, a Verbascum hybrid, Omphalodes verna, 
Mimulus moschatus, Veronica peregrina, Euphrasia borealis, a 
Salix hybrid, Lemna gibba, Agrostis verticillata, and many other 
British varieties and hybrids, and aliens. 

His best field work was done in the years 1906 and 1907, by 
which time he had acquired a sound knowledge of plants. His 
health was then fairly good, and he was not deeply engaged in 
the clerical work of the Flora. He took no interest in Cryptogamic 
botany apart from the Pteridophyta and Characece. 

After the strenuous work of preparing the Flora, and passing 
it through the press, his field botany naturally slackened to some 
extent. In August, 1911, he very efficiently conducted the In- 
ternational Phytogeographical Excursion through the Lizard 
district and other parts of West Cornwall. This was carried 



xiv. MEMOIR OF DAVEY. 

through at high pressure, and I have little doubt led to the severe 
heart attack which seized him in the autumn of that year, and 
kept him in bed for several weeks. From this he slowly re- 
covered, so that, in the following Spring, he was able to take 
short drives and very short walks, during which he carefully 
studied the Potentillcs growing near his house. This partial 
recovery was unhappily of brief duration, for in July, 1912, 
cerebral thrombosis supervened. When this cleared up a little, 
he was able to understand what was said to him, but was 
frequently at a loss for some words, particularly proper nouns. 
After some further time he was occasionally able to read, but 
could never write. After leading an active life, and loving to 
read the Book of the Glorious Author written on the open pages 
of moor, forest and field, his condition was truly pitiable. Still, 
he was always cheerful, at any rate when I was able to pay him 
a visit, and he continued to take a keen interest in Botany, 
particularly in Mr. Rilstone's discovery of Nitella gracilis. When 
shown a plant that he knew, he could seldom speak the name, 
but, by turning over the pages of the Flora, he would very 
quickly put his finger on the right name. He was usually con- 
fined to bed, but was able to get down stairs occasionally, and 
rarely to walk into his little garden. The end came suddenly 
on September 23rd, 1915. His body was laid to rest in the 
Wesleyan Cemetery of his native village Ponsanooth, and, 
although not a Wesleyan, I was privileged to read the Lesson 
at the funeral of my true friend. Appreciative obituary notices 
were published, in the Journal of Botany, with portrait, in 
January, 1916, by the Editor; in the Report of the Botanical 
Society and Exchange Club of the British Isles by the Secretary; 
and in the Report of the Watson Botanical Exchange Club, 
1914-15, by myself. 

Davey resided in his native village until 1907, when he 
moved to " Beechwood," Perranwell, in the same parish. In 
1911 he changed his residence to "St. Pirans," just outside 
Perranwell village. 

In 1902 he succeeded his father as Works Manager of the 
Cornwall Arsenic Company's Works at Bissoe, having previously 
acted as his assistant for several years. From this position his 
failing health compelled him to retire in 1912. He was never 
married. 

His contributions to science were recognised by a Civil List 
grant in 1913. 

The name of Davey is perpetuated by Dr. A. Henry in a 
new variety of Elm, Ulmus major, var. Daveyi, Henry, which 



MEMOIR OF DAVEY. XV. 

occurs sparingly in Cornwall and elsewhere. One tree stands 
in the hedge opposite the gate of "Beechwood," Perranwell. 

It was a good thing that Davey appeared on the scene 
when he did, for, although the earlier Cornish botanists did 
excellent pioneer work, they kept almost entirely to their own 
districts; they worked singly; many of their records were not 
published, and such as were are mostly scattered. Davey 
supplemented their work by collecting their records together, 
and, by visiting many parts of the County, obtained a first-hand 
knowledge of the range of plants far better than any of them 
had. But he did much more than this. By his enthusiasm he 
created a new school of Cornish botanists, which, it is to be 
hoped, will continue the good work their master started, not 
only for the work's sake, but also with the sentiment that they 
are doing what he would have wished to be done. 

I may include one little incident, which we frequently 
referred to afterwards. On one of his week-end visits to me, 
while we were out walking together, we met a mutual friend, 
an elderly Minister, who, on account of his loveable character, 
was known as "Daddy." After a few words of greeting he 
said solemnly : ** Davey, if you knew your Bible as you know 
your botany, you would be a power in the world," and passed 
on. 

I have good authority for stating that, in his profession, 
Davey was a faithful and reliable Agent to his Directors, who 
felt towards him a personal regard, and realised that the em- 
ployment they were able to give him was not really commen- 
surate with his attainments, and offered little scope for his 
special qualifications. By those working under him he was 
regarded with those feelings of affection, which he inspired in 
all with whom he came in contact. 

As a botanist he was very careful, thorough, painstaking 
and hardworking. He was a delightful correspondent, and his 
letters, written in a clear clerical hand, with usually a sparkle 
of wit in them, were a pleasure to read. When necessary he 
could be very tactful, and always avoided hurting the feelings 
of anyone. He never annexed the records of others, and, being 
perfectly fair himself, expected to be treated in like manner. 
As a companion he was always genial and cheery, sympathetic 
with the troubles of others, but never grumbling about his own. 
It was a pleasure to walk with him in his own neighbourhood, 
to see how much he was respected and loved by all. 

CHAMBRE C. VIGURS. 



CORRIGENDA ET ADDENDA. 
DAVEY, FLORA OF CORNWALL, INTRODUCTION. 



P. XXIX. 1576. 
P. XXX. 1640. 

P. XXXI. 1666. 
1670. 

P. XXXII. 1690. 
P. XXXIII. 1758. 

P. XXXIV. 1774, 

P. XXXVIII. 1806. 

P. XLI. 

P. XLII. 1841. 

P. XLV. 1846. 
P. XLVI. 



P. XLVIII. 1849. 



1850. 



For Stirpium Historia, sive Observations 
read Plantarum seu Stirpium Historia. 

John Parkinson. Omit Asplenium 
marinum. 



Merrett. Omit Pinguicula 
viscosa add 



Christopher 

lusitanica. 
John Ray. After Bartsia 

Pinguicula lusitanica. 

For Ononis spinosa read Ononis repens. 

Borlase. After Mentha arvensis add 
Chenopodium Bonus-Henricus. 

John Lightfoot. Add Centunculus 
minimus, preserved in the Banksian Her- 
barium, British Museum. 

Polwhele, History of Cornwall. Omit 
Chenopodium Bonus-Henricus. 

Omit the reference to Lindley's Synopsis. 

Rev. William Strong Hore. For Basing- 
stoke, Hants, read Barnstaple. 

Keys. For Isaac read Isaiah. 

Charles Alexander Johns. According to 
the biography in Flowers of the Field, 
33rd Ed., 1911, Johns became second 
master at Helston Grammar School in 
1831 under Derwent Coleridge, and suc- 
ceeded him, being headmaster from 
1843 to 1847. 

In this year W. P. Cocks published, in the 
Cornwall Polytechnic Report, an article 
entitled Contributions to the Flora of 
Falmouth. 

Pascoe. Omit Corydalis claoiculata. 



CORRIGENDA DAVEY S FLORA. xvii. 

P. L1II. 1867. James Cunnack. Omit Lemna trisu'ca. 

P. LVI. top of page For W. H. Beeby read William Haddon 

Beeby. He was born in 1849, and died 

in 1910. A memoir, with portrait, was 

published in Journal of Botany, May, 

_ 1910. 

P. LVII. 1876. Add Valerianella carinata by the Rev. 

A. Ley. 
1877. Muller. For Sigvold read Sigvald. 

P. LIX. 1884-5. Add In Report Bot. Loc. Rec. C/., 1884-6, 

the Rev. W. Moyle Rogers added Rubus 
pubescens to the Cornish Flora. In 
Report Bot. Exch. Cl, 1885, he recorded 
Rubus plinth ostylus under the name R. 
Koehleri. 

1886. Omit Rubus pubescens and R. plintho- 

stylus. 

BOTANICAL DISTRICTS. 

Pp. LXIII.-LXIX. 
1. UPPER TAMAR DISTRICT. 

Omit Geum rivale and Hypochceris glabra. 

3. FOWEY DISTRICT. 

Omit Caucalis latifolia and Juncus tenuis. 

Add Silene cornea, Arenaria tenuifolia, Spergularia atheniensis, 
Medicago minima, Verbascum pulverulentum, Veronica 
triphyllos, Euphrasia confusa, Salicornia appressa, Malaxis 
paludosa, Sagittaria sagittifolia, Mibora minima, Poa 
palustris. 

4. CAMEL DISTRICT. 

Omit Galium Cruciata and Elymus arenarius. 
Add Atropis festuciformis. 

5. NORTH COAST DISTRICT. 

Omit Euphrasia borealis. 

Add Dianthus deltoides, Pyrus intermedia, Hieracium Peleteria- 
num, Euphrasia stricta, Ajuga pyramidalis, Chara delicatula, 
Nitella gracilis. 



XVin. CORRIGENDA DAVEY S FLORA. 

6. FAL DISTRICT. 
A hybrid of Verbascum Lychnitis and V '. nigrum has been seen 

at Par in district 3. 
Add Fumaria neglecta and Rubus Scheutzii. 

7. LIZARD DISTRICT. 

Omit Rhinanthus stenophyllus, Juniperus communis, Allium 

Schosnoprasum, Carex muricata. 
Add Thalictrum dunense and Isoetes hystrix. 

8. LAND'S END DISTRICT. 

Omit Fumaria parviflora, Uxalis stricta, Trifolium suffocatum, 
Cynodon Dactylon. 

LIST OF BOOKS, MSS., Etc., 

QUOTED IN THE FLORA. 

P. LXXI. For Clarke, W. read Clarke, W. A. 

P. LXXII. Add Fraser, Robert. General View of the 

County of Cornwall, London, 1794. 
P. LXXIV. Add Lobel, Matthias de. Plantarum seu Stir- 

pium Historia, Antuerpiae, MDLXXVI. 

SUMMARY. 

PLANTS OCCURRING IN CORNWALL, AND NOT RECORDED 
FOR DEVON. P. LXXXI. 

Omit Thalictrum majus, Ranunculus tripartitus, Rubus iricus, 
Rubus plinthostylus, Erica ciliaris, Symphytum tuberosum, 
Polygonum minus, Bromus maximus. 

Add Fumaria neglecta, Fumaria paradoxa (vel major), Rubus 
Scheutzii, Salicornia appressa, Isoetes hystrix. 

PLANTS OCCURRING IN DEVON, AND NOT RECORDED FOR 
CORNWALL. PP. LXXXI-II. 

Omit Fumaria muralis, Dianthus deltoides, Malaxis paludosa, 

Sagittaria sagitti folia. 
Add Cardamine trifolia, Viola meduanensis, Stellaria nemorum, 

Rubus mercicus, R. cinerosus, R. uncinatus,, R. juscus, R. 

mutabilis, Bupleurum aristatum, Euphrasia minima, Pota- 

mogeton salignus. 



CORRIGENDA DAVEY S FLORA. XIX. 

PLANTS OCCURRING IN CORNWALL, AND NOT RECORDED 

FOR ANY OTHER COUNTY IN BRITAIN. PP. LXXXII-III. 

Omit Artemisia Stelleriana, Juncus capitatus, Bromus maximus. 
Add Fumaria paradoxa (vel. major), Fumaria neglecta, Isoetes 
hystrix, Atropis festuciformis. 

PLANTS WHICH HAVE BECOME EXTINCT IN CORNWALL. 

P. LXXXIII. 

r-.-- 

Omit the reference to Diotis maritima. 

PLANTS RECORDED FOR CORNWALL IN ERROR. Pp. LXXXIII-IV. 

Omit Isatis tinctoria, Silene confca, Arenaria tenuifolia, Medi- 
cago minima, Senecio squalidus, Chenopodium glaucum, 
Euphorbia Esula, Nitella gracilis. 



xx. ABBREVIATIONS. 



ABBREVIATIONS. 

Bab. Man. Babington, Manual of British Botany. 

B.E.C. Report, Botanical Society and Exchange Club of the 
British Isles. 

Bot. Loc. Cl. Rep. Report, Botanical Locality Record Club. 

Corn. Mon. Cl. Cornish Moneywort Club. 

Dunn. S. T. Dunn, Alien Flora of Britain. 

Flora. Davey, Flora of Cornwall. 

Fl. Plym. Briggs, Flora of Plymouth. 

Journ. Bot. Journal of Botany. 

Journ. Linn. Soc. Journal, Linnean Society. 

New Phyt. New Phytologist. 

Pol. Rep. Report, Cornwall Polytechnic Society. 

R.I.C. Journal, Royal Institution of Cornwall. 

Tent. List. Davey, Tentative List of the Flowering Plants, 
Ferns, etc., of Cornwall. 

W.E.C. Report, Watson Botanical Exchange Club. 



RANUNCULACE/E. 



Clematis Vital ba, Linn. 

3. Porthallow, Talland, 1910, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
Polmear near Par, Medlin. Frequent about Charlestown, 
Tresidder. 

5. East of Mawgan Cross, Vigurs. 

6. Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. Between Flushing and 
Mylor, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Mylor quarry, 1921, 
R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

8. Hayle, 1911, Davey. Near Bodriggy Mill, Hayle, Rees. 
Carbis Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

"Thalictrum dunense, Dum. 

7. Rill Head, Lizard, 1899, Hume, R./.C., 1911, p. 375. 

T. minus, Linn. 

7. Tresemple Pool, St. Martin in M'eneage, 1920, Tresidder. 

Head of East Kennack Valley, 1899, Hume. "Rill Head, 

Hume " (Flora). Delete the record. 

T. ma jus, Crantz. 

7. Patch in lane leading from S.W. corner of Penhale, Lizard 
Road, 1914, Thurston. Vide B.E.C., 1914, p. ///, where it 
is suggested that it may be T. collinum, Wallr, T. montanum, 
Wallr, or T. dunense, Dum. The Cornish Thalictra require 
critical investigation. 

Anemone nemorosa, Linn. 

1. Minster Valley, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Medlin. 

4. Hustyn Wood, St. Breock, 1915, Thurston. 

6. Near Creed; Lamorran Wood, 1913, Thurston. 

Var. caerulea, DC. 

3. Wood near Lostwithiel, 1920, Rilstone. 



2 RANUNCULACE^E. 

*Var. robusta, Salisbury. 

3. Callywith Wood, i]^ mile E. of Bodmin, Salisbury. 

4. Near Grogley, between Wadebridge and Bodmin, Salisbury. 

Adonis annua, Linn. 

3. Par Harbour, 1920, Thurston; Medlin. Ballast-heap, 
Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 

Ranunculus trichophyllus, Chaix. 

1. Northcott, Bude, 1917, Harvey. 

5. Roadside near Treginegar, St. Ervan, 1918, Thurtson. 

R. sp. 

5. Stream, Holywell Bay, 1916, Thurston. ** Somewhat re- 
sembling R. trichophyllus, but with glabrous instead of bristly 
carpels," J. Groves. 

R. Drouetii, F. Schultz. 

5 " R. trichophyllus, Trevemper four-turnings " (Flora), 
Transfer the record to R. Drouetii. Trewassick, St. Columb 
Minor, 1912; Carnkief pond and Treamble quarry, Perranza- 
buloe, Tresidder, R./.C., 1911, p. 375. 

7. Loe Pool, 1911, Davey. 

R. heterophyllus, Weber. 

7. Carminowe Creek, Loe Pool, 1914, Thurston. 

R. peltatus, Schrank, var. peniciliatus (Hiern) 

2. Stream supplying Heskyn Mill, Tideford (Flora). Mr. Briggs 
writes (Fl. Plym) : "I have never met with flowers of this 
variety. ... It has no floating leaves." Flowers and 
floating leaves, 1919, Thurston. 

Ri Baudotii, Godr, sub-terrestrial form. 

3. Mud at edge of pool. Seaton Estuary, 1919, Thurston. 

7. Margin of pool on road from Penhale, Lizard road, to 
Mullion, 1914, Thurston. 

Var. COnfuSUS (Godr). 

7. Pool on road from Penhale to Mullion. Miss C. E. Larter, 
R./.C., 191 J, p. 375. 



RANUNCULACEvE. 3 

R. tripartite, DC. 

7. Helston, Bab. Man. Ed. IX. , p. 8. Kynance Downs, in 
damp depressions on the way to Kynance Farm, Miss R. E. 
Carr-Smith, R./.C., /9//, p. 375. 

R. lutarius, Bouv. 

4. Holy Well, Roche, Vigurs. 

5. Barton Moor, St. Enoder, Vigurs. Tolgroggan Moor, St. 
Allen, Tresidder. 

6. Trelassick, Ladock, 1913, Tresidder. 

7. Pradannack Downs, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. Clahar Water 
near Mullion, 1922, Perry. 

7. Pradannack Downs, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

A paper by Mr. W. H. Pearsall, dealing with a revision of the 
British Batrachia, has been published in B.E.C., 1918, pp. 
423-41. 

R. sceleratus, Linn. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, one plant, 1914, Tresidder. 
6. Roadside ditch, Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 

R. Flammula, Linn, var. radicatlS, Nolte (tenuifolius, Wallr). 

6. Bargus Moor, Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 375. 

8. Chy-an-hal Moor, 1921, Thurston and Rilstone. 

R. Lingua, Linn. 

7. " Valley east of Gunwalloe, Johns " (Flora). Collected there 
in 1916 by W. Tresidder, and in 1920 by Dr. H. Downes. 

It is possible that, in some cases, the large form of R. Flammula 
has been confounded with this species. 

R. sardous, Crantz. 

3. Delete the record for Polperro (Flora). Plentiful in a field 

above Lantic Bay, Lanteglos-by-Fowey, Mrs. and H. M. M. 

Perrycoste. 
7. " Lizard " (Flora). Near Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 

1911, p. 375. The Green and elsewhere, Lizard town, 

Thurston. Pradannack Downs, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

R. parviflorus, Linn. 

3. Gribbin Head, Medlin. Par, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Abun- 
dant in arable fields between Par and Polkerris, and near 
Charlestown, Salisbury. 



4 RANUNCULACE/E. 

5. Vegetab/e garden, Little Callestick, Perranzabuloe, 1916, 
Thurston. Phillack Towans (sand-dunes), Rees. 

6. Cornfield, Veryan; field near Nare Head, 1913, Thurston. 
Between Truro and Malpas; Devoran, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

7. Crowan Village, Tresidder. Near Mullion Cove; Pradannack 
Downs, 1914, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

8. Ludgvan; Penzance, Rees. 

R. arvensis, Linn. 

3. Cornfield, Trenovissick Farm, Par, 1922, Medlin. Ballast- 
heap, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 

5. Goonhavern, one plant, 1912, Tresidder. Goonbell near 
St. Agnes, Rilstone. 

8. Gwinear Road Station, one plant, 1920, Harvey. 

*R. Ficaria, Linn, var. sinuatus, Horw. 

7. Near Tremayne Quay, Helford, 1922, Tresidder. 

Galtha palustris, Linn. 

I. Week St. Mary, Tresidder. Bude; Valency Valley, Bos- 
castle, 1915, Thurston. 

7. Chypons near Mullion, 1914, Perry. 

8. Marazion Marsh, 1919, Rees. 

Helleborus viridis, Linn. 

3. Plentiful in orchards at Porthallow and Kilmanorth; by 
river, Longcombe near Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry- 
coste. Roadside, Boconnoc, 1911, Corn. Mon. Club. Mount, 
Par, Medlin. 

5. Trevibban Barton near St. Issey, 1917, Tresidder. 

6. Wood by roadside, Trewarthenick near Tregoney, 1913, 
Thurston. Pengreep, one plant, 1921, R. L. Smith and 
W. D. Watson. Pennance, Gwennap, over fifty years, Bray, 
R./.C., 79/7, p. 375. 

7. Field hedge, Hendra Farm between Lizard road and Kuggar, 
1914, Thurston. 

8. * Tolcarne, Curnow " (Flora). Still there in 1915, Rees. 

H. foetidus, Linn. 

3. " Polperro, Couch " (Flora). Not seen there by the 
Perrycostes. 

4. Road from Bodmin to Wadebridge, Smith-Pearse, R./.C., 
7977, p. 375. 



BERBERIDACE/E NYMPH/EACE/E. 

Aquilegia vulgaris, Linn. 

Also known as Granny's Bonnets. 
1. Bude, 1916, Harvey. 
3. Doublebois, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Banks of Trelawney 

river in Yearl's Coombe, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

Crinnis, Medlin. 

5. Gwinear, Rees. 

6. Newham Railway, 1911, Foott. Abundant on borders of 
fields west of Mylor village, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. 
Watson. Lane between Mylor and Trelew; railway-bank 
between Perranwell and Penryn, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

7. Near Gweek; orchard, Poltesco, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Carbis Bay, 1912, Thurston. Gulval, 1913, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

Delphinium Ajacis, Linn. 

1. Waste-ground, Bude, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 

4. Waste-ground, Rock, St. Minver, 1915, Thurston. 
6. Arallas, Ladock, 1915, Vigurs. 

D. consolida, Sibth. 5. Sandy field, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 
Aconitum Napellus, Linn. 

1. Between Stratton and Kilkhampton, 1911, Henderson. 

2. Par, 1912, Vigurs. Tregrehan, St. Austell, Medlin. 

6. Field hedge near mill cottage, Ruan Lanihorne, 1913. 
Thurston. Frogmore near Truro, 1911, Foott. 

BERBERIDACEXE. 

Berberis vulgaris, Linn. 

3. Two plants in field hedge on roadside near Polperro 
Cemetery, 1919, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

8. Trengwainton Cairn; Bone Valley, Madron, Rees. 

NYMPH/EACE/E. 

Gastalia alba, Wood. 

1. Bude Canal, 1916, Harvey. Perhaps, as doubtless on Goss 
Moor, introduced. 



6 PAPAVERACE/E. 

PAPAVERACE/E. 

Papaver somniferum, Linn. 

3. A few plants in field near Crumplehom, Polperro, 1916, 
Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

6. Devoran, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

*Var. hortense (Huss). Alien. 
3. Par Harbour, 1913, Thurston. 

*Var. setigerum (DC). Alien. 

3. Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 94. 

5. Very abundant on Constantine Common near the sands; 
all the plants crowded with snails, 1918, Thurston. 

P. Rhoeas, Linn, var. Pryorii, Druce. 

3. Railway, Fowey, 1920, Miss Berenice d'Avigdor. Par, 1917, 
Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 94. 

7. Lizard, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 470. 

P. dubium, Linn. 

3. Between Talland and Polperro, 1911 et. sq., Mrs. and 
H. M. M. Perrycoste. Par, Vigurs. 

5 Goonhavern, 191 1 , Tresidder. Hayle To wans (sand-dunes); 
Phillack, Rees. 

6. Perran-ar-worthal, 1912, Davey. 

8. Between Lelant and Carbis Bay; Porthmeor, St. Ives, 1912, 
Rees. 

P. Lecoqii, Lamotte. 

8. '* St. Agnes, Scilly " (Flora). It seems to be the prevailing 
poppy in the Scilly Isles, 1921, Downes. 

P. Argemone, Linn. 

4. Pentire, St. Minver, Rev. H, E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 375. 

5. A form with few hairs on capsules, Trethellan, Newquay, 
1912, Vigurs. 

7. Single plant near Mullion Cove, 1914, Thurston. 



PAPAVERACEdE. / 

P. hybrldum, Linn. 

4. Pentire, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 375. 

5. Rees Farm and Goonhavern, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 
Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, annually, Rilstone. 

8. Abundant in field by roadside opposite 18th hole, Lelant 
golf-links, 1912, Thurston. 

Meconopsis cambrica, Vig. 

1. Carthamartha Wood, Lezant, 1917, Tresidder. 

6. Garden escape, Pare Behan, Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

Glaucium flavum, Crantz. 

5. " Perranporth " (Flora). Inland on top of Budnick Hill 
near Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

7. Kennack Sands, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 375. 

G. phoeniceum, Crantz. 6. One plant at Falmouth, Cocks, 
Pol Rep. 1877, p. 727. Fowl-run, Falmouth Docks, 1917, 
Smith-Pearse. 

Chelidonium majus, Linn. 

3. Henwood, Linkinhorne, 1920, Harvey. Orchard below 
Sowden's Bridge, Trelawney river, 1918; abundant by road- 
side, Pelynt, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Bethel 
near St. Austell, Tresidder. 

4. Burlorne, St. Breock, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Lowertown, St. Colan, Tresidder, R./.C., 1911, p. 375. 

6. Penwethers near Truro, 1911, Foott. Cottage garden be- 
tween Creed and Veryan, 1913, Thurston. Abundant about 
Lanner, 1920, Harvey. 

7. Kuggar, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 79/7, p. 375. 

8. Phillack; Gwinear, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

*Eschscholtzia crocea, Benth. Alien. 3. Par Harbour, 1913, 
Vigurs. 



8 FUMARIACE*. 

FUMARIACE/E. 

*Diclytra eximia, DC. (Dicentra eximia, Torrey). Garden origin. 

6. Waste-heap, Perran-ar-worthal, 1912, Davey, R./.C., 1913, 
f>. 225. 

Gorydaiis lutea, DC. 

8. Penzance, 1913, Rees. 

G. claviculata, DC. 

The first record (Flora) should read : Capnos alba quorundam. 
Varietas. Floribus albis laticribus foliis in segetibus 
Cornubiae. Lobel, Plantarum sen Stirpium Historia, 1576, p. 
438. 

2. Slopes of Sharp Tor, 1920, Harvey. Quarry, Higher 
Kernock, Pillaton, 1910, Hawk, R./.C., /9//, p. 376. 

3. Polperro, 1915, Rilstone. Luxulyan Valley, 1922, Mrs. 
Darroch. Roadside between Lanlivery and Helman Tor, 
1920, Thurston. 

*C. bulbosa, DC. (Neckeria bulbosa, N. E. Brown). Alien. 5. 
Garden escape, Trevella, Crantock, Vigurs, R./.C., 1913, 
p. 225. 

Fumaria capreolata, Linn (pallidijlora, Jord) . 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

6. '* Lane leading to Gyllyngvase, Falmouth, 1882 " (Flora). 
Gyllyngvase, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

7. Roadside near Porthleven, Tresidder. 

"Prevailing form with us in the var. Babingtonii, Pugsl., but I 
have seen specimens from Swan Pool (Falmouth) that perhaps 
should be referred to the type/' Pugsley, Supp. Journ. Bot., 
1912, p. 11 . Further study of Cornish specimens of this species 
is required. 

*Var. Babingtonii, Pugsley. 

4. Padstow, Davey, 1904, Pugsley, loc. cit. 

8. Penzance, Pugsley, loc. cit. 



FUMARIACE/E. 9 

*Sub-var. divaricata, Pugsley. 

8. Penzance, Pugsley. "The pink tinting is more pronounced, 
and the fruiting pedicels are generally divaricate instead of 
recurved, thus belying the principal specific character." 
Pugsley, loc. cir., p. 8. 

F. purpurea, Pugsley. 

8. St. Ives, 1912, Thurston. 

Var. brevisepala, Pugsley. 

5. Near Cubert, Vigurs. Pugsley, loc. cit., p. \4. 

F. occidental is, Pugsley. 

5. Garden weed, Penwortha near Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 
Bolingey and Treworthen, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. Lam- 
bourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. Hayle, 1911, Jenner. 

8. Marazion Station, Davey, R./.C., /9/7, p. 376. " Garden 
ground, Newlyn, 1881 (Herb. C. Bailey as F. confusa), the 
earliest known example." Pugsley, Journ. Bot., 1913, p. 50. 

" Mr. Pugsley suggests (Journ. Linn. Soc., XLIV., No. 298), 
that F. vulgaris cornubiensis alba of Parkinson's Theatrum 
Bot., 287, 1640, noted as growing in cornfields in that county, 
may be F. occidentalis. Is not pallidi flora the more likely 
plant?" B.E.C., 1919, p. 607. 

F. Boraei, Jord. 

For var. verna, Clavaud (Flora), read forma rubens, Pugley, 
Supp. Journ. Bot., 1912, p. 26. 

For var. serotina, Clavaud (Flora), read var. britannica, Pugsley, 
ibid, p. 27. 

For var. muraliformis, Clavaud (Flora), read var. gracilis, 
Pugsley, ibid, p. 26. 

F Bastardi, Bor. var. hibernica, Pugsley. 
1. Boscastle, Hall. Pugsley, ibid, p. 42. 

*Var. Gussonei, Pugsley. 

8. St. Ives, 1909, Herb. C. Bailey. Pugsley, Journ. Bot., 1913, 
p. 50; B.E.C., 1914, p. 8. 



1 FUM ARI ACE/E CRUCIFER/E . 

*F. Officinal is, Linn, var. elegans, Pugsley. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 

*Forma agrestis, Haussk. 

5. Potato garden, Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

*Forma Wirtgeni, Haussk. 

5. Near Cubert, 1919, Mrs. Wedgwood. 

F, densiflora, DC (F. micrantha, Lag) . 
3. Par Harbour, 1921, Medlin. 

F. parviflora, Lam. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. ' Type, but 
with abnormally long bracts,*' Pugsley. 

*F. major, Badarro (paradoxa, Pugsley. Supp. Journ. Bot., 
1912, pp. 37-35). New to British Isles. 

5. Goonhavern, Tresidder, R./.C., 79/3, pp. 221-2. 

6. Gilly Tresamble, Perran-ar-worthal, in abundance over 
about two miles of country, 1904, Davey, B.E.C,, 1910, p. 535. 

It is suggested (B.E.C. , 1914, p. 114) that this plant, growing in 
cultivated ground near Reigate Hill, Surrey, may have been 
introduced with potatoes from Cornwall. 

*F. neglecta, Pugsley. Sub-species of the aggregate species 
F. muralis. Supp. Journ. Bot., 1912, p. 24. 

6. Gilly Tresamble, Perran-ar-worthal; between Truro and 
Malpas in considerable quantity, 1907, Davey, R./.C., 7973, 
p. 222. 

CRUCIFER/E. 

Cheiranthus Cheiri, Linn. 

1. "Near Launceston " (Flora). Abundant, with bright 
orange-yellow flowers, on the walls of Launceston Castle. 

8. Hayle quarry, 1918, Rees. 

In Bond's Topographical and Historical Sketches of East and 
West Looe, 1823, it is noted that " in the spring almost every 
old wall and chimney in East Looe is adorned with a very 



CRUCIFER^E. 1 I 

beautiful and fine smelling yellow flower, called by the in- 
habitants Heartseeds, probably a corruption for Heart's ease 
from its fragrant smell. . . . They produce an immense 
quantity of seed, and, wherever the wind drives it, it takes 
root and grows most luxuriantly.'* 

R adieu la sylvestris, Druce. 

I. St. Stephen-by-Launceston, 1916, Smith-Pearse. 

3. Delete the record " between Golant and Fowey " (Flora). 
The plants were small specimens of Barbarea verna, F. H. 
Perrycoste. 

R. paillStris, Moench. 

3. " Par, Tellam " (Flora). Seen there in 1917 by Miss A. B. 
Cobbe. 

6. Many plants by the siding of the down platform, Falmouth 
station; Perranwell station, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 376. 

Barbarea verna, Aschers. 

I do not think this is as common as Davey's omission of localities 
would indicate. I have not seen it near Newquay. C. C. 
Vigurs. A number of varieties are described by Mr. A. Bruce 
Jackson in Journ. Bot., 1916, p. 202 

Arabis hirsuta, Scop. 

5. Holywell Bay; Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

Var. glabrata, Syme. 

The quotation in the Flora relating to the distribution refers to 
the type, not the variety. 

Cardamine pratensis, Linn. 

Also known as Milkmaid. 

Alyssum alyssoides, Linn. 7. Mullion, Miss A. B. Cobbe, 
B.E.C., 1916, p. 471. 

A. maritimum, Lam. 

3. Par Harbour, 1916, Medlin. Crinnis, Tresidder. 
5. Cliff by canal, Phillack, 1913, Miss M. Cobbe. Hayle, 1920, 
Harvey. 



12 CRUCIFER/E. 

Erophila verna, E. Meyer. 

3. Gribbin Head; Polmear near Par; Par Harbour, 1922, 
Medlin. 

5. Wall, St. Merryn, 1918, Thurston. 

7. Pradannack Downs, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

8. Lelant, 1913, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

E. praecox, DC. (E. brachycarpa, Jord) . 

1. Wall between Bude and Stratton, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Reen Sands, Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

8. Sand-dunes, Hayle and Lelant, 1921, W. Watson. 

In a note on Erophila prcecox, the Rev. H. J. Riddelsdell 
writes: " These elusive micr> species are all the more diffi- 
cult to determine . . . because the colonies are by no 
means homogeneous; and there is much obvious transition 
between species, to say nothing of highly probable crossing. 
Another difficulty arises from the fact that the pods vary in 
shape even on a single plant." B.E.C., 1914, p. J 18. Cornish 
plants of the two species require further study. 

Cochlearia officinalis, Linn. 

1. Whitstone, 1917, Tresidder. 

3. River-bank, Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. 

5. Trekenning, St. Columb Major, Vigurs. 

6. Seems to be spreading inland about St. Stephen-in-Brannel 
and other places, Tresidder. Calenick creek, 1911, Foott. 
Paradoe Cove, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

C. ang'ica, Linn. 

3. On turfy banks covered at spring tide between Looe and 
Sandplace, Boyden, R./.C., /9/7, p. 376. 

C. Armoracia, Linn. 

1. Wall on river-bank, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Trevemper Bridge, 1909, Tresidder. 

6. Penarrow near Mylor, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 
8. Pentreath Farm, Pra, 1911, Davey. 



CRUCIFER/E. 13 

Hesperis matronalis, Linn. 

3. Near Looe gas-works, but now disappeared, Mrs. and 

H. M. M. Perrycoste. St. Blazey, 1920, Medlin. 
5. Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. Duchy Peru, 

Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 



maritima, Scop. 6. Waste-ground between Truro and 
Malpas, 1917, MissM. Cobbe. 

Sisymbrium Thalianum, Gay. 

3. Hedge bank in lane from Portlooe Farm to West Looe, 
Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Among railway ballast, 
Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. Par Harbour, 1922, Medlin. 
Ballast-heap, Charlestown (very large plants) 1920, Tresidder. 

5. Shepherd's Station, Vigurs, R./.C., /9//, p. 376. 

7. Kynance, 1912, Miss A. Vellacott. Pradannack Downs, 
1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

S. officinale, Scop. var. leiocarpum, DC. 

Mr. Rilstone finds that, in Cornwall, this is " almost certainly 
an alien, occurring near docks and mills, usually in company 
with other obvious aliens, as at Par, Charlestown, and 
Falmouth. At Par, in the neighbourhood of the docks and 
Beaver Mill, the variety is far more plentiful than the type, 
while a short distance inland the type only is represented. " 
Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 114. "Often of adventitious origin,*' 
Druce, B.E.C., 1918, p. 488. ' This variety is much commoner 
in America than true S. officinale." B.E.C., 1913, p. 451 . 

S. pannonicum, Jacq. 

3. Bodmin Road station, 191 8, Harvey. Ballast-heap, Charles- 
town, 1916, Tresidder. 

5. Newquay, 1911, Vigurs. Perranwell, Perranzabuloe, 1911, 
Tresidder. 

6. Grampound Road station, 1922, Borlase. Waste-heap, 
Penryn, 1921, Tresidder. 

S. Sophia, Linn. 

3. One plant, Par, 1910, Druce, Journ. Bot., 1911, p. 303; 
B.E.C., 1917, p. 95. Par and Par Harbour, Miss M. Cobbe, 
B.E.C., 1917, p. 95. 



14 CRUCIFERvE. 

S. orientate, Linn. 

5. Goonown near St. Agnes, Rilstone. 

6. Falmouth Docks, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 
8. Tresco, Scilly Isles, 1921, Downes. 

*Var. subhastatum (Willd) . Thell. Alien. 

3. Par Harbour, 1914, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1914, p. 120; 1915, p. 
186. 

*S. pinnatum, Greene, Alien. Orient. 3. Par Harbour, in 
some quantity, 1911, Druce, B.E.C., 1912, p. 152. In B.E.C., 
1917 , p. 15, the nomenclature is altered to Sisymbrium multi- 
fidum (Pursh) Macmillan sub-sp. S. brachyphyllum (Richard- 
son) Thellung, forma eglandulosum, Thell. 

S. Alliaria, Scop. 

5. Rare in Newquay district, Vigurs. 

Erysimum cheiranthoides. Linn. 

3. Several starved plants in railway ballast, Lostwithiel, 1 920, 
Downes. 

6. Falmouth Docks, Howard Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 376. 

E. orientale, Mill (Conringia orientalis, Andrz) . 

3. Polperro, Rilstone. Par, 1911, Druce, Journ. Bot., 1911, p. 
303; 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 96. 

5. Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1916, p. 
472. Sandy field, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 6. " Falmouth 
Docks, 1901-5" (Flora). Seen there in 1917, Miss A. B. 
Cobbe. 

7. Potato patch, Lanarth House, St. Keverne, 1919, P. D. 
Williams. 

E. repandum, Hojer. 3. Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

Gamelina sativa, Crantz. 

3. Polperro, one plant as garden weed, 1915, Mrs. Perrycoste. 

5. Goonhavern, 1911; Reen Sands, Perranporth, 1913, 
Tresidder. Lambourne, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. 



CRUCIFEFUE. 15 

*Brassica elongata, Ehrh. Alien. "Native of dry districts in 
Asia Minor, and a weed of cultivated and waste ground in 
various parts of Europe. Several times recorded in waste 
places in England, once in connection with grain siftings." 
Dunn. 3. Par, Druce, Journ. Bot., 1911, p. 303; R.I.C., 
79/3, p. 225. 

Var. persica (B. & H.). 3. Par Harbour, 1917, Miss A. B. 
Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 96. 

B. alba, Boiss. 

3. Looe dust-heaps, 1916 and 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry- 
coste. " Polperro, Couch " (Flora). Not found there by the 
Perrycostes. Tywardreath, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. Waste- 
ground by railway near Par Sands, 1919, Rilstone. Par 
Harbour, 1921, Medlin. 

B. juncea, Coss. Alien. " Cultivated in temperate and tropical 
Asia for the same purpose as B. alba in Europe." Dunn. 3. 
Par Harbour, 1914, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1914, p. 61; 1917, Miss 
M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 96. 6. Falmouth Docks, 1917, 
Miss M. Cobbe. 

Diplotaxis tenuifolia, DC. 

3. Charlestown Harbour, 1916, Tresidder. 

5. One plant, Newquay, 1915; many in the same place, 1919, 
Vigurs. 

6. Near Gyllyngvase, Falmouth, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

D. muralis, DC. 

5. Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

6. Penpoll, Feock, Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 376. 

8. Path to Clodgy, St. Ives, 1912, Thurston. Porthgwarra, Rev. 
H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 376. Tresco, Scilly Isles, 1921, 
Downes. 

Var. Babingtonii, Syme. 

8. Beach between Marazion and Penzance, 1913, Miss M. 
Cobbe. 

Eruca sativa, Mill. 3. "Once noticed by Mr. Tellam at Par" 
(Flora). Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, 
p. 96. 



16 CRUCIFER^E. 

Moricandia arvensis, DC. 6. '* Falmouth Docks, Bullmore " 
(Flora). Seen there in 1911, Davey. 

Gapsella Bursa-pastoris, Medic. (Bursa Pastoris, Weber) . 
See "Studies by Ernst Almquist," with introduction by G. C. 
Druce," B.E.C., 1920, pp. 779-207. 

Coronopus didymus, Sm. 

2. Pillaton and Millbrook, Hawk, R.I.C., /9//, p. 376. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

6. Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

8. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. Gulval; Madron, 1913, Miss M. 
Cobbe. 

C. p roc urn bens, Gilib. 

1. Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

7. Poltesco, 1914, Thurston. 

Lepidium ruderale, Linn. 

1 . Railway Station, Launceston. Shown to E. Thurston by 
W. Wise, 1915. 

3. Charlestown Harbour, Tresidder. 

6. ** Falmouth " (Flora). Fowl-run, Falmouth Docks, 1917, 
Thurston. 

*L. neglectum. Thell. Bull. Herb. Boissier, IV. 708. Alien. 

North America. 
3. Par Harbour, 1912, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1914, p. 61. 

5. Rialton Mill, St. Columb Minor, 1915, Vigurs. 

6. Waste-heap, Penryn, 1921, Tresidder. 

* This newly described species so resembles L. ruderale as to 
make it desirable for members to carefully examine their 
herbarium specimens. . . . The chief mark of distinction 
is (as Dointed out by Mr. C. E. Salmon, Journ. Bot., 164, 1911) 
that the seed of L,. neglectum is more orbicular, and is sur- 
rounded by a winged margin.'* B.E.C., 1911 , pp. 9-10. 

L. sativum, Linn. 

3. Looe dust-heaps; Porthallow, Talland, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. 



CRUCIFER/E. 1 7 

6. Roadside, Nanpean, Medlin. 

L. virginicum, Linn. 3. Par Harbour, 1919, Rilstone and 
Thurston. 6. Falmouth Docks, 1917, Thurston. 

L. campestre, Br. 

3. Par Harbour, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste; 1919, Rilstone. 
5. East Pentire, Newquay, 1912, Vigurs. 

*L. heterophyllum, Benth. var. alatostylum, Towns. 
Fairly common, Davey. 

L. Draba, Linn. 

3. Large patch on Warren Cliff, Polperro, during the last year 

or two, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Ballast-heap, 

Charlestown, Tresidder. 
5. Patch on roadside, west cliff, Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

Railway embankment near Angarrack, 1911, Davey. 
8. Eastern beach, Penzance; abundant at Bodilly Mill and in 

Bedford Bolitho gardens, Penzance, 1921, Rees. 

*Var. subintegrifolium, Mich. 

3. Par Sands, 1920, Thurston, B.E.C., 7920, p. //2. 
8. Eastern Sands, Penzance, 1921, Thurston. 

*L. chalepense, Linn, var. auriculatum (Boiss). Alien. Orient. 
3. Par Sands, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1917, p. 97. 

L. perjeliatum, Linn. 3. Par Harbour, 1911, Druce, Journ. 
Bo*., 1911 , p. 303; B.E.C., /9//, p. 73. Fowl-run, Par, 1917, 

Miss M. Cobbe, ..C., /9/7, p. 97. 

*L. densiflorum, Schrad. Alien. New Zealand. 3. Fowl-run, 
Par, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 97. Ballast-heap, 
Charlestown, 1920, Mrs. Wedgwood. 

Thlaspi arvense, Linn. 

I. Plentiful in cornfield, Heydah, Week St. Mary, 1917. 

Tresidder. Bude, 1918. Harvey. 
3. Add to Perrycoste 's record (Flora) Plentiful in garden 

patches on east cliff, Polpejrro, once or twice since 1901, and 

can now be generally found. Bodinnick near Fowey, 

Rilstone. Charlestown, 1914, Tresidder. 



18 CRUCIFER/E. 

4. One plant at Delabole railway-station, 1918, Miss Berenice 
d'Avigdor. 

5. Cornfield, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 

6. Falmouth Docks, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Hicks Mill, 
Gwennap. 1920, Harvey. 

7. Field, Poltesco; farmyard, Cadgwith, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

8. Land's End, 1913, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

*Iberis umbellata, Linn. Alien. 3. Garden escape, Par, 1915, 
Vigurs. 

Teestialia nudicaulis, Br. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Medlin. Trenarren near Pen- 

tewan, Tresidder. 
6. Nanpean, Medlin. 
8. Cliff west of Porthleven, 1898, F. H. Perrycoste. 

*lsatis tinctoria, Linn. Casual. 

Recorded as an error in the Flora, but now included. 
5. Garden weed, Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, 1917, 
Rilstone. 

Crambe maritima, Linn. 

8. Five small plants between Long Rock and Penzance, 1911, 
Davey. Tresco, Scilly Isles, 1921, Downes. 

Rapistrum rugosum, All. 3. " Par, Tellam " (Flora). Very 
common at the harbour during the last few years, Davey, 
W.E.C., 1911-12, p. 331. 6. Waste-heap, Penryn, 1921, 
Tresidder. 8. Waste-ground near Hayle Causeway, fruits 
very hairy, 1921, Thurston. 

Vogelia sagittata, Medik (Neslia paniculata, Hornem). 3. Par 
Harbour, 1913, Vigurs; T917, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, 
p. 97. 

Cakile maritima, Scop. 

3. Talland, 1918, Miss H. M. M. Perrycoste. Lansallos and 
Lantivet beaches, Rilstone. Charlestown, 1918, Tresidder. 

5 Sandy cornfield near Porthcothan, with Eryngium mariti- 
mum, Convolvulus Soldanella, Lycopsis arvensis, Salsola Kali, 
and Polygonum Ran, 1921, H. S. Thompson. 

6., Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

8. Lelant side of Hayle ferry, 1912, Thurston. 



CRUCIFER/E RESEDACEjE. 19 

Raphanus Raphanistrum, Linn. 

5. Goonlaze, St. Agnes, 1911, Tresidder. 

6. Churchtown Farm, Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R./.C., /9//, 
f>. 376. 

8. Seashore near Lariggan, Penzance, 1915, Rees. 

R. sativus, Linn. 3. Par Sands, 1915, Thurston. 

R. maritimus, Sm. 

3. Cliff between Talland and Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Hayle, 1861, Herb, Penzance Museum. 

6. Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Poltesco, 1914, Thurston. 

*Forma albiffora. 

3. Par Sands, 1920, Skottsberg and Thurston. 

5. Roadside near Fistral beach, Newquay, 1922, Thurston. 



RESEDACE/E. 

Reseda alba, Linn. 

2. St. Germans, 1911, Druce, /own. Bot. y 1911, p. 303. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 

8. " Between Marazion and Penzance " (Flora). Railway- 
bank, Marazion, 1915, Rees. 

R. lutea, Linn. 

1 . Railway-station, Launceston. Shown to E. Thurston by W. 
Wi e, 1915. 

3. " Polperro, Couch " (Flora). Not found there by the 
Perrycostes. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Railway near Delabole Station, 1918, Harvey. 

5. Field near " Tressilian," Harlyn Bay, 1918, Thurston. Carn- 
kief, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. Gwithian Churchtown. 
Abundant at Trevarnon Round near Gwithian, 1921, R. L. 
Smith and W. D. Watson. 

6. Between Truro and Malpas, 1909, Borlase. One plant by 
side of main road, Lanner, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. 
Watson. 



20 RESEDACE/E VIOLACE/E 

*Var. longifolia, Ten. 

3. Par, 1908, Druce, B.E.C., 1919, p. 641. 

*R. inodora, Reichb. Alien. 

3. Par Harbour, thoroughly established, Davey, R./.C., 

p. 376. 
6. Falmouth Docks, Davey, loc. cit. 



VIOLACE/E. 

*Viola epipsila, Led. 

3 & 4. Innis Downs, 1912, Vigurs. 

4. Roche Holy Well, 1911, Vigurs. 

5. Quintrell Downs, 1905; Penhallow Moor, Newlyn East, 
Vigurs, R./.C., 1913 t p. 223. 

7. Frequent in bogs, upper part of the Cober Valley, Marshall, 
Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 186. 

I find this species much more plentifully than the true V . 
palustris, and think that, if field botanists studied the plants, 
it would be found that V . epipsila \s the common Cornish 
marsh violet. C. C. Vigurs. 

*Forma glabrescens, Asch & Graeb. 

5. Quintrell Downs, Vigurs, R./.C., 79/3, p. 223. 

*Forma minor, Gregory. 

5. Quintrell Downs, Vigurs, loc. cit. 

*Hybrid. V. epipsila x palustris. 

5. Quintrell Downs, Vigurs, loc. cit. 

V. odorata, Linn. 

3. Between Sowden's Bridge and Duloe; lime-kiln, Talland 
Sands, first seen in 1910, now abundant, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. Polmear Hill near Par, Medlin. 

8. Bloom fields and near Boscathnoe lane, Penzance; Madron, 
Rees. 

Forma alba (Lange) . 

1 . Poughill , 1915, Thurston . 



VIOLACE/E. 21 

3. Below Sowden's Bridge, Trelawney river; on bank at 
Sclerder, Talland; orchard, Landaviddy, Polperro; one or two 
plants near coastguard buildings, Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. Polmear Hill, near Par, Medlin. 

4. St. Kew, 1915, Thurston. 

8. Many spots about Penzance, Rees. 

*Var. rubro-purpurea, Gregory. 

5. " A highly scented reddish violet from Newquay, 1915. It 
had been growing there in an orchard for many years." Mrs. 
Gregory, B.E.C., 1917, p>. 148 B. 

V. hirta, Linn. 

3. Abundant at Polperro, first seen in 1910; hedge, Tredud- 
well between Polperro and Fowey (white flowered), Mrs. and 
H. M. M. Perrycoste. Par Moor, Medlin. 

4. Castle Killibury, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Southern slope of East Pentire, Newquay, Vigurs. 

6. Lane to Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Near Poldhu; Chypons near Mullion, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

*Var. cenochroa, Gillot & Ozan. 

1. Bude golf-links, 1917, Harvey, B.E.C., 1917, f>. 148 C. 

*Var. propera, Jord. 

1. Bude golf-links, Harvey, loc. cit. 

*Var. pinetorum, Wiesb 

1. Bude golf-links, Harvey, loc. cit. 

Var. Foudrasi, Jord. 
1. Bude, 1921, Harvey. 

Hybrid V. hirta x odorata (V. permixta, Jord). 
1. Bude, 1921, Harvey. 

V. calcarea, Gregory. 

5. 4t Perranporth Sandhills" (Flora). *' A hoary form of this 
violet, especially hairy on the petioles and under surface of 
leaves, has come to me from sandhills between Newquay and 
Perranporth." Mrs. Gregory, British Violets, 1912, p. 29. 



22 V10LACE/E. 

V. sylvestris, Kit. 

3. One or two plants in hedge of abandoned road, Talland, 
1912-14, but missing since, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

*V. Riviniana, Reichb, var. diversa, Gregory. 

5. East Pentire, Newquay, 1912, Vigurs. R./.C., 79/3, p. 226. 

6. Grampound Road Station, 1912, Vigurs, loc. cit. 

*Forma nemorosa, Neum. 

5. Perranporth Sandhills, 1911, Davey. Mrs. Gregory, British 
Violets, 1912, p. 29. 

7. Kynance Downs, 1921, W. Watson. 

8. Gulval Down; Lelant; above Sennen Cove, 1921 , W. Watson. 

*Forma minor, Gregory. 

I. Bude golf-links, 1917, Harvey. Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 
5. Perranporth Sandhills, 1911, Davey. 
7. Pradannack Downs, 1914, Thurston. 

V. canina, Linn. 

3. One plant on south shore of Dozmary Pool, 1921, H S. 
Thompson. 

*Var. SUbuiata, Reichb. 

5. East Pentire, Newquay, Vigurs, R./.C., 1913, p. 226. 

*Var. pUSilla, Bab. 

5. East Pentire, Newquay, Vigurs, loc. cit. 

V. lactea, Sm. 

4. Castle Killibury, 1914, Thurston. 

7. Helston, t B.E.C., 1917, p. 148 F. "Above Kynance " 
(Flora). " Kynance Downs, with many intermediates," Miss 
Larter. Mrs. Gregory, British Violets, 1912, p. 91. 

*Var. pumiliformis, Rouy & Fouc. 

4. Rock Sandhills, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Trevellas Porth; Cross Coombe; lane to Wheal Prudence 
near Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

7. Pradannack Downs, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1916. 
p. 474. 

8. Carbis Bay, 1921, Rees. 



VIOLACE/E. 23 

Hybrid V. lactea x canina (V. lactea, var. intermedia, Wats). 

4. Rock Sandhills, 1915, Thurston. 

5. " Open Downs near the sea, St. Agnes. The commonest 
form of violet on the Downs, the only others noticed being 
V . lactea, Sm (in small quantity), and a few plants of V. 
Riviniana, Reichb." Rilstone, B.E.C., 1914, p. 123. Porth- 
Towan, Davey. Mrs. Gregory, British Violets, 1912, p. 94. 

It may be noticed that, except in District 8, Viola canina, Linn, 
is of rare occurrence, and its association with the hybrid has 
not been recorded. 

"Hybrid V. lactea x Riviniana. 

3. Bodmin Moor; Liskeard-Lostwithiel road near West Tap- 
house; lane from the same road to Glynn Valley (very near 
Riviniana), 1920, Thurston. 

4. Rock Sandhills, 1916, White. * The small rounded leaves, 
and long, slender peduncles, point to the joint parentage of 
V. lactea" Mrs. Gregory, B.E.C., 1917, p. 211. 

6. Silverhill, Perran-ar-worthal, 1912, Davey, R./.C., 79/3, p. 

227. 

7. Kynance, 1910, Miss Larter, loc. cit. 

A series of intermediates (ternary hybrids) between V. canina, 
V. lactea, and V. Riviniana, was sent to Mrs. Gregory by 
Miss Larter from Kynance Downs. ' These plants possess 
the habit of one species, the leaves and stipules of a second, 
the flowers of a third, in an infinite variety of combinations." 
Mrs. Gregory, British Violets, 1912, p. 96. 

8. Some pale flowered plants above Gulval and Paul were 
probably this hybrid, 1921, W. Watson. 

V. arvensis, Murr, forma segetalis (Jord). 

5. Common round Newquay, Vigurs. 
*Forma Deseglisei (Jord) . 

5. Pentire, Newquay, E. and H. Drabble, Supp. Journ. Bot. t 
1909, p. 19; R.I.C., 1911, p. 376. 

*Forma variata (Jord). 

8. St. Just, J. Groves teste Drabble. Supp. Journ. Bot., 1909, 
p. 22; R./.C., 1911, p. 376. 



24 POLYGALACE/E CARYOPHYLLACE^. 

*Var. ruralis (Corb). 

5. Embankment of new Reservoir for Newquay on Cosworth 
Downs, 1908, Vigurs. 

*Var. obtusifolia (Jord). 

6. Ponsanooth, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 376. 



POLYGALACE/E. 

Pciifgala oxyptera, Reichb. 

5. Trewerry, Newlyn East, 1908, Rogers, Journ. Bot., 1909, 
p. 173, Newquay Headland, 1911, S. H. Bickham 



CARYOPHYLLACEXE. 

Dianthus Armeria, Linn. 

3. Kits Hill, Polperro, on seaward slope, and at foot of west 
slope by Fishna Bridge, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

5. Railway embankment between Hayle and Gwinear Road, 
1914, Rees. 

6. Falmouth, 1911, Miss Blackett. 

8. Bank, Hayle Pool, 1915, Rilstone. Between Marazion and 
Penzance, 1911, Druce. 

*D. deltoides, Linn. Casual. 5 Angarrack near Hayle, 1912. 
Rees. 

*Gypsophila porrigens, Boiss. Alien. Garden origin. 3. 
Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1915, Tresidder. 

Saponaria Vaccaria, Linn. 

3. Looe, 1916, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

5. Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe. Rilstone. Reen Farm, 
Perranzabuloe, R.I.C., 1911, p. 37^. Perranwell, Perranza- 
buloe, Tresidder. Sandy cornfield, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 

S. officinalis. Linn. 

3. " Polperro, Couch " (Flora). Not found in Polperro; near 

Bogga Mill, Lanreath, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. St. 

Winnow, Rilstone. Railway bank, Liskeard, 1921, R. L. 

Smith and W. D. Watson. 



CARYOPHYLLACE/E. 25 

5. Forth Towan, 1912, Thurston. Hedge at Phillack, Rees. 

6. Tregoney by side of street about 1907, F. H. Perrycoste. 
Bissoe, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

8. St. Erth, Thurston. Clowance on roadside between Praze 
and Leedstown, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

Var. puberula, Wierzb. 

5. Tolskithy near Redruth, 1911, Davey. 

*S. ocymoides, Linn. Alien. 5. Railway-bank between Hayle 
and Gwinear, Rees. 7. Site of burnt down Polurrian hotel 
near Mullion, 1913, Perry. 

Silene latifolia, Rendle & Britten, var. puberula (Jord) . 

5. Newquay, Vigurs. Lanteague, Newlyn East; Nathaniels, 
St. Allen; Rose, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

S. latifolia, Rendle & Britten, var. parvifolia (Flora) should go 
under S. maritima. Vide Druce, Journ. Bot., 1911, f>. 56. 

S. maritima, With. var. parvifolia, Druce. 

3. Par Sands, 1911, Vigurs. " Not quite so extreme as the 
plants from Mr. Druce's original locality at Loe Bar." B.E.C., 
1911, p. 76. 

7. Loe Pool Bar, 1914. The Rev. E. S. M a rshaH studied this 
at Loe Bar, and came to the conclusion that it is " an extreme 
state, due to exposure and starvation, rather than a good 
variety. On the neighbouring cliffs one could fine many con- 
necting links between this and the ordinary form.'* Journ. 
Bot., 1918, p. 186. 

*S. COnica, Linn. Casual. 

Recorded as an error in the Flora, but now included. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, one plant, 1916, Tresidder. 

S. dichotoma, Ehrh. 3. Par Harbour, Vigurs, R./.C., 79/7, p. 
376. 5. Near Goonhavern, 1913, Tresidder. 6. Falmouth 
Docks, 1911, Davey. 

*S. galUca, Linn. Casual. 

Generally regarded as synonymous with S. anslica, but given 

specific rank in Druce, List of British plants, 1908. 
3. In a stone-yard, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 



26 CARYOPHYLLACE/E. 

S. anglica, Linn. 

2. Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., /9//, p. 377. 

3. Portlooe near West Looe, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

4. Blisland, 1908. Harvey. 

5. Trebelzew Big Field near Newquay, 1914, Vigurs. Sandy 
field, Phillack, Rees. 

6. Veryan, 1913, Thurston. Short Lanes End near Truro, 1914, 
Rilstone. Lanner; St. Day, 1920, Harvey. 

7. Near Crowan, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 797 /, f>. 377. Tre- 
mayne, Crowan, Tresidder, ibid. Ruan Major, 1914, Miss 
M. Cobbe. Near Mullion Cove, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Cornfields, St. Just road, Ludgvan, Rees. 

Silene nutans, Linn. 4. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1922, Tre- 
sidder. 

*S. quinquevulnera, Linn. Colonist. 

5. Reen Farm; Wheal Hope; Goonhavern; Perran Sands 
(5.E.C., 7973, p. 384), all in Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

6. Waste ground between Truro and Malpas, Miss M. Cobbe. 
"A colonist likely to spread." B.E.C., 79/6, p. 475. 

7. " Field near Ruan Minor, Misses Cobbe," B.E.C., 7976, p. 
475. For Minor read Major. Cornfield and pasture land, 
Mullion, 1922, Perry. 

8. Hayfield, Lower Tremenhere, Ludgvan, 1915, Miss Waterer. 

*S. pendula, Linn. Alien. Garden origin. 3. Par, 1910, 
Druce, B.E.C., 7973, p. 384. Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. 
Cobbe, B.E.C., 7977, p. 99. 5. Mount Wise, Newquay, one 
fine plant near a fowl-run in a cottage garden, 1912, Vigurs, 
B.E.C., 1913, pp. 384, 458. 

S. noctiflora, Linn. 

3. Polruan, 1919, Miss Margaret Baggallay. Par Sands, Miss 
Tuckey, R./.C., 7977, p. 377. Par Harbour, 1919, Rilstone. 

5. Reen Farm, Perranzabuloe, 1913, Tresidder. Manure-heap, 
Penwortha. and Lambourne Hill, both in Perranzabuloe, 
Rilstone. Plentiful in sandy field, Phillack, Rees. 

6. Truro, Borlase, R./.C., 7977, p. 377. Between Mylor Bridge 
and the Church, Miss E. Blackett, ibid. 

7. Near St. Keverne, P. D. Williams. 

8. Near Marazion Station, 1913, Miss M. Cobbe. Perranuthnoe; 
St. Just, Rees. 



CARYOPHYLLACE/E. 27 

Lychnis alba, Mill. 

3. Portlooe near West Looe, 1917; also with pink flowers, 
Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

5. Gwithian, rather common, 1921, R. L. Smith nd W. D. 
Watson. 

L. Githago, Scop. 

2. Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., 79/7, p. 377. St. Cleer, Harvey. 

6. Between Port Holland and Veryan, 1913, Thurston. St. 
Clements, and other places near Truro, 1911, Foott. Lanner, 
two plants, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

8. St. Ives, in flower, May, 1912, " July-August " (F/ora), 
Thurston. Near Long Rock, Ludgvan; ** Penzance, Ralfs " 
(F/ora). Cornfield, Trevaylor near Penzance, Rees. 

*L. Coronaria, Desr. Alien. Garden origin. 3. One plant, 
Par Harbour, 1914; several plants, 1917, Vigurs. 

Gerastium pumilum, Curt. 

Recorded, apparently by mistake, in Top. Bot., 1873, p. 94, 
from " Corn. West, C. C. B. (Babington) 1839." 

C. semidecandrum, Linn. 

5. Gannel, Newquay, 1911, Davey. Gear Sands, Perranporth, 
Rilstone. 

8. Fixed sands between Marazion and Penzance, W. Watson. 

Mcenchia erecta, Gaertn, Mey. & Scherb. 

3. Gribbin Head, Medlin. " Near St. Austeli, Tellam" (F/ora). 
Carthew, St. Austeli; Trenarren near Pentewan, 1921, 
Tresidder. 

6. Gorran Haven, Vigurs and Reid. Idless near Truro, 
Rilstone, R./.C., 7977, p. 377. 

8. Zennor Head, 1921, Rees. 

Stellaria apetala, Ucria. (S. Borceana, Jord). 

5. Perranporth, 1911, Davey. 

6. Tregoney; near Philleigh, 1913, Thurston. 

8. Hayle Towans (sand-dunes); Lelant golf-links; sands between 
Marazion and Penzance, 1921, W. Watson. 



28 CARYOPHYLLACE/E. 

S. neglecta, Weihe. 

5. Trewollock; Tretherras; Tregenna, all in St. Columb Minor, 
Vigurs. 

Var. umbrosa (Opiz) . 

5. Mawgan-in-Pydar, 1920, Vigurs. 

5. graminea, Linn. var. latifolia (Godron), Rouy & Fouc. 

6. Chyvogue, Perranwell, 1911, Druce, New Phyt., 1911, p. 
309. 

*Arenaria tenuifolia, Linn. Casual 

Recorded as an error in the Flora, but now included. 
3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder, 5.E.C., 1920, p. 
116. 

A. serpyllifolia, Linn. 

3. Old mine-working, Cheesewring, 1920, Harvey. Charles- 
town, Tresidder. 

4. Rock, St. Minver, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Mithian, 1912, Rilstone. 

Var. maCfOCarpa, Lloyd (A . Lloydii, Jord) . 

3. Par Sands, 1920, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1920, p. 216. 

A. leptoclados, Cuss. 

2. Cremyl, 1908, Vigurs. 

8. Carbis Bay, 1912, Thurston. 

A. peploides, Linn 

6. Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 
8. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. 

Sagina maritima, Don. 

3. Charlestown. 1915, Vigurs. Pentewan Sands, 1920, 
Thurston. 

5. Trevellas Porth; St. Agnes Cliffs, and Chapel Porth, St. 
Agnes, Rilstone. 

6. " Flushing " (Flora). Path from beach to Mylor Church, 
1917. Rilstone. Falmouth Docks, 1911, Davey. 



CARYOPHYLLACE/E. 29 

Var. debilis (Jord). 

3. Par Sands, 1920, Rilstone. " A weak and small state of 
var. debilis, Jord, having decumbent stems, flexuous 
peduncles, and no central rosette." Wheldon, B.E.C., 1920, 
p. 217. 

5. Newquay, 1911, Davey. 

S. apetala, Ard. 

3. Par, 1911, Davey. 

5. St. Columb Porth, 1916,JThurston. 

6. Porthcuel, Gerrans, 1917, Thurston. Devoran; Perran-ar- 
worthal; Ponsanooth; Penryn, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 377. 

7. Gweek Bridge; Coverack; Mullion Cove, 1917, Thurston. 

Var. prostrata, Gibs. 

6. Penryn station platform, Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 377. 

*Var. barbata, Fenzl. 

3. Dry rock face, Polperro, 1920, Rilstone. ' The more 
frequent form/' B.E.C., 1920, p. 217. 

S. ciiiata, Fr. 

3. Cliff, Polperro, 1919, Rilstone. 

S. subulata, Presl. 

3. Fowey, 1917, MissM. Cobbe. 

4. Polzeath, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 79/7, p. 377. 

5. St. Agnes Cliffs; Wheal Butson near St. Agnes, Rilstone. 
Trevellas Porth, St. Agnes, 1916, Thurston. 

7. Goonhilly Downs, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 7977, p. 377. 
Kynance and Pradannack Downs, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Lamorna Cove, 1921, Thurston and Rilstone. 

S. nodosa, Fenzl. 

5. Between Perran Round and the " Lost Church/' 1911, Mrs. 

Wilson L. Fox. Perranwell, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 
7. Near Ruan Major, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

*Var. monilifera, Lange. 

5. Copperhouse, Hayle, 1911, Davey, R./.C., 7973, p. 227. 

Spergula arvensis, Linn. 
Also known as Devil's Beard. 



30 CARYOPHYLLACE/E. 

S. Sativa, Boenn. 

3. Luxulyan, 1911, Vigurs. 

5. Newquay, 1909, Vigurs. 

6. Waste-ground between Truro and Malpas, 1914, Miss M. 
Cobbe. 

8. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. Near Chy-an-hal Moor, 1921, W. 
Watson. 

Sperglllaria atheniensis, Aschers. & Schweinfurth. Denizen. 

Previously found only in the Channel Islands. Very like S. 
rubra, but the stipules are broadly triangular and dull brown, 
instead of being lanceolate and shining silvery. Vigurs, R./.C., 
79/3, p. 224. It is regarded by Thellung as a sub-species of 
rubra. 

3. Par Harbour, 1901, Hume, as S. rubra. Plentiful around the 
harbour, Vigurs. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder, 
B.E.C., 1918, p. 372. 

5. rubra, Pers. 

2. " St. Germans Beacon " (Flora). In B.E.C., 1872-4, Mr. T. 
A. Briggs records for this spot a glandular form of S. rubra 
something between that species and rupestris. In B.E.C., 
1915, p. 189, Mr. Druce suggests searching the locality, to see 
if this plant may not be atheniensis. 

3. " Par, Tellam " (Flora). Delete the record. St. Blazey 
station, plentiful about 1912, Vigurs. 

6. Carnon Croft, Kea, 191 1, Davey. Grassy bank at lower end 
of Mabe Reservoir, 1917, Rilstone. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R.I.C., 1911, p. 377. Lizard and 
Kynance, 1911, Davey. Quarry near Mullion Cove, 1914, 
Thurston. 

8. Land's End, 1911, Davey. 

S. salina, Presl. 

2. Salt-marsh, St. Stephens, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 377. 

3. Par Sands, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Porth near Newquay, Vigurs. 

8. St. Erth; salt-marsh, Lelant, 1912, Thurston. 

Var. neglecta (Syme) . 

5. Sandy mud, Porth near Newquay, 1912, Vigurs, B.E.C., 
1912, p. 238. 



CARYOPHYLLACE/E PORTULACE/E. 31 

It is probable that, up to the time of the publication of Davey's 
Flora, var. neglecta was used to include the glandular form 
of S. salina, irrespective of seed-surface (vide Bab. Man., ed., 
IX., p. 68), though Hooker's Student's Flora, ed., HI., says : 
" glandular above . . . seeds papillose." Since 1912 the 
name var. neglecta, Syme, is apparently applied to those 
plants having papillate seeds, without reference to glandu- 
losity. Vigurs, Vide B.E.C., 1912, p. 238; 1913, p. 460; 
W.E.C., 1912-13, p. 387. 

5. marginata, Kittel. 

6. Ditch, Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 

S. rupestris, Lebel. 

5. Constantine, St. Merryn, 1921, Devis. Rolley, river Gannel, 
Newquay, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1912, p. 237. 

6. Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 377. 

8. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. 

Var. glabrescens, Lebel. 

5. Headland, Newquay, 1912, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1912, p. 237. 

6. Portloe near Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

Polycarpon tetraphylium, Linn. 

" Native " (Flora). Except in the Lizard district, I think this 

plant is always an alien. Vigurs. 
3. Par, Davey. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1915; one plant, 

1920, Tresidder. 

7. "Banks near Cadgwith, Cunnack" (Flora). Seen there in 
1914 by Miss Cobbe; 1922, Downes. 



PORTULACE/E. 

Claytonia perfoliata, Donn. 6. Hedge near a house between 
Penryn and Constantine, Henderson, R./.C., 1911, p. 377. 

Montia verna, Necker. (M. fontana, Linn) . 

3. Trenarren near Pentewan, Tresidder. 

5 Treby Water, St. Columb Minor, Vigurs. East Pentire, 

Newquay, Druce, R./.C., 1913, p. 227. 
6. Perranwell, Druce, loc. cit., p. 310. 



32 TAMARICACE/E HYPERICACE/E. 

*Var. intermedia (Beeby). 

" Cornwall," B.E.C., 7905, f>. 332. 

M. minor, Gmel. 

1. Cliff -path, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

7. Lizard Downs, 191 1 , Miss A. M. Geldart. " Apparently M. 

minor, Gmel, a. chondrosperma, Fenzl., W.E.C., 1911-12, 

f>. 333. 

TAMARICACE/E. 

Tamarix gailica, Linn. 

4. Near Rock, St. Minver, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Fir Hill, Colan, Tresidder. 

7. Cadgwith, 1914, Thurston. Mullion, 19il, Davey. 



HYPERICACE/E. 

Hypericum hircinum, Linn. 

5. Disused cottage garden, Summercourt, St. Enoder, 1914, 

Vigurs. 

H, eiatum, Ait. 

3. Polperro, 1914; Bodinnick near Fowey, Rilstone. 

H. calycinum, Linn. 

3. Many places in the neighbourhood of Lostwithiel, 1920, 
Thurston. Bodelva, St. Blazey, Medlin. 

6. Mylor, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

H. maculatum, Crantz. 

3. Lane to Sowden's Bridge, Trelawney river, 1919, Thurston. 

*H, Oesetangsii, Lamotte. 

5. Spontaneously in the garden of the Rev. G. B. Hooper at 

Camborne, B.E.C., 1913, p. 314; Journ. Bot., 1914, p. 18. 
In a note on H. Desetangsii from Lewes, Sussex, the Rev. E. S. 

Marshall writes : " This is, I suppose, the same thing as H. 

maculatum, Crantz.. var. Babingtonii, H. & J. Groves (Bab. 

Man., ed. IX.. p. 74} = H. dubium, Leers, var. maculatum, 

Bab." W.E.C., 1917-18, p. 55. 



HYPERICACE/E MALVACE/E. 33 

H. undulatum, Schousb 

5. Near Porthcothan, 1921, Devis. Penhallow, Perranzabuloe, 
1912; Marsh near Perranporth, 1916, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1917, 
p. 215. 

7. Stream by roadside about six miles from Helston on Lizard 
road, 1911, Davey. 

8. Lazingey Moor near Penzance, Rees. 

H. linariifolium, Vahl. 

Recorded in the West Briton, 10th July, 1913, as having been 
found by a schoolchild at Treverbyn. A specimen, which was 
shown to me, proved to be Hieracium aurantiacum. C. C. 
Vigurs. Recorded by mistake for Cornwall instead of Devon, 
Ann. Rep. Bristol Naturalist's Society, 1919, p. 17. 

H. humifusum, Linn, var. magnum, Batard (var. decumbens, 

Peterm) . 

" West Cornwall," Pugsley, Journ. Bot., 1915, p. 163. 
8. Near Badger's Cross below Castle-an-Dinas, 1921, W. 

Watson. 

*Var. ambiguum, Gillot. 

7. Lizard Downs, 1920, Skottsberg and Smith-Pearse. Kynance, 
1920, Miss Berenice d'Avigdor. " It has broader leaves than 
Gillot's plants, and appears to be identical with the example 
collected at the Lizard by Johns many years ago. It is quite 
distinct from H. linariifolium. var. approximatum, which has 
very much larger flowers." Pugsley, in lit. 

8. Land's End, Pugsley, Journ. Bot., 1915, p. 169; B.E.C., 
1915, p. 190. 

A plant near var. ambiguum was collected at the Lizard by Lady 
Davy. " Sepals are less glandular, and the flowers seem 
smaller," teste Pugsley, B.E.C., 1917, p. 100. 

*Forma crassum, Pugsley. 

8. Cape Cornwall, Mr. Bailey, Journ. Bot., 1915, p. 169. 



MALVACE/E. 

Lavatera cretica, Linn. 

8. Phillack Towans (sand-dunes), 1915, Rees. 



34 MALVACE/E. 

*L. Thuringiaca, Linn. Alien. Garden origin. 8. Hayle, 
1917, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1917, p. WO. 

Malva moschata, Linn 

1. Launcells, 1907, Harvey. 

3. Add to "Polperro " (Flora) in Landaviddy only. Side of 
turnpike near Coldrenick; Morval Park; roadside between 
Polperro and Fowey near Mabel Barrow, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

6. One plant at " Greatwood," Mylor, 1921, R. L. Smith and 
W. D. Watson. Veryan; lane to Pendower beach, Gerrans 
Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

7. St. Keverne, Rev. H. E. Fox, K./.C., /9//, p. 377. 

*Forma alba. 

5. Downs near Ventongimps Mill; near Lambriggan, Perran- 
zabuloe, 1911, Rilstone. Railway embankment west of 
Angarrack viaduct, near Hayle, 1915, Rees. 

6. Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, W.E.C., 1911-12, p. 333. 

8. Marazion railway station, Rees. 

Var. heterophylla, Lej. 

5. Between Padstow and Stepper Point, 1918, Miss Evelyn 
Travers. 

7. Between Mullion village and Cury Cross, Tansley, R./.C., 
1911, p. 377. 

*M. sylvestris, Linn, var. angustiloba, Celak. 

3. Par Harbour, 1910, Druce and Vigurs, B.E.C., 1912, p. 156. 
The variety has three to five (instead of five to seven) long 
lobes. Apparently a first British record. Recorded in 
B.E.C., 1912, p. 240, and R./.C., 79/3, p. 227, as acutiloba. 

M. rotundifolia, Linn. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Sea Mill near St. Issey, 1918, Thurston. 

M. pusilla, Sm. 

2. "By the village to Screasdon Fort " (Flora). Perhaps the 
same place as " Anthony, Cornwall," Bab Man., ed. IX., 
1904, p. 70. 

3. Field above Warren, Polperro, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. 



LINACE/E GERANIACE/E. 35 

5. Goonhavern, Rilstone. Carnkief Farm, Perranzabuloe, 
Tresidder. 

6. One plant in vegetable garden, Philleigh, 1913; fowl-run, 
Falmouth Docks, 1917, Thurston. Hicks Mill, Gwennap, 
1920, Harvey. 

LINACE/E. 

Radicla iinoides, Roth. 

1. Kensey Valley. Shown to E. Thurston by W. Wise, 1915. 
3. Bodelva near St. Blazey; Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Tre- 
sidder, R./.C., /9//, p. 377. 

5. Between Penhallow and Miry Bottom, 1912; Wheal Butson, 
and Moor near Goonbell, St. Agnes, 1911, Rilstone. 

6. Nanpean, Medlin. 

Linum usitatissimum, Linn. 

1. Two plants on waste-ground by roadside, Boscastle, 1915, 

Thurston. 
5. Cornfield, Reskajue Downs between Portreath and Gwithian, 

1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

GERANIACE/E. 

Geranium sanguineum, Linn. 

1 . " Garden outcast in quarry near Forrabury Church " (Flora). 

Patch in garden by path to cliff, Boscastle, and escaped 

thence, 1915, Thurston. 

G. versicolor, Linn. 

3. Polkerris, Medlin. 

4. Kea Bridge, Blisland, 1908, Harvey. Lane from Burlorne 
to Hustvn Mill, St. Breock, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Padstow Churchyard, 1918, Thurston. 

6. Trewoon near St. Austell, Medlin. Sticker, Tresidder. Near 
Port Holland; Creed; Veryan, 1913, E. Thurston. Restron- 
guet, Mylor, Barratt, R./.C., /9//, p. 377. Mylor village, 1921, 
R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. Trelassick, Ladock, Mrs. 
Cookson, ibid. Fenwick road, Falmouth, 1917, Miss M. 
Cobbe. 

7. Cadewith, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Patch over 30 yards in length on roadside bank, Gulval. 
1921, Thurston. 



36 GERANIACE/E. 

G. nodosum, Linn. 

5. " Hurling Barrow, St. Agnes " (Flora) . Patch on roadside 
near Goonbell Halt, 1911, et seq, Rilstone. 

G. phaeum, Linn. 

3. Carvis near Roche, 1916, Taylor. 

8. Boskedran near New Mill, Penzance, Hosking. 

G. pr a tense, Linn. 

1. By canal between Tamerton and Boyton, 1911, Harvey. 
3. Bank at Portlooe near West Looe, Miss C. Grigg. 

5. Crantock, 1911, Tresidder. 

6. Mylor Churchyard, Bastian, Pol. Rep., 1856; R.I.C., 1911 , 
p. 377. Abundant there in 1918, Thurston. Truro, 1918. 
Tresidder. 

8. Near Boscathnoe Lane, Penzance, Rees. 

G. pyrenaicum, Burm. fil. 

2. Higher Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., /9//, p. 378. 

3. Patch on roadside between Caracawn Cross, Hessenford, 
and Trerule Foot, 1919, Thurston. Cliffs east of Portlooe, and 
field on Portlooe Farm near West Looe, Miss C. Grigg. Lan- 
warnick, near Pelynt, Rilstone. 

5. One plant, Newquay, 1919, Vigurs. Phillack, Rees. 

7. Close to Mullion village, 1914, Perry. 

G. pusillum, Linn. 

5. Trevelgue near Newquay, 1914, Vigurs. Near Treago, 
Cubert Common, 1912, Rilstone. Perranporth, Tresidder. 

G. rotundifolium, Linn. 

5. TrebelLm Hill, Cubert, 1909; roadside hedge near Mount, 
Perranzabuloe, 1916, Tresidder. Goonbell near St. Agnes, 
Rilstone. 

8. " Occasionally met with near Penzance " (Flora). Bloom 
fields near Penzance, Rees. 

*Forma Thurstonii, Druce. 

3. Cliff, East Looe, first noticed in 1911 by Mrs. Perrycoste, 
abundant in 1919. Thurston. " Essentially different from the 
type in having the petals slightly emarginate. ... If its 
more deeply lobed leaves and emarginate petals prove con- 
stant, it may be worthy of varietal distinction." Druce, 
B.E.C., 1919, p. 551. 



GERANIACE/E. 37 

G. lucidum, Linn. 

3. Roadside close to St. Martin Church, 1919, Thurston. 
Gribbin Head, Medlin. 

5. Roadside near Goonbell Halt, 1912, Rilstone. 

G. modestum, Jord. 

3. Ballast-heaps, Par Harbour, 1911, Druce, Journ. Bot., 1911, 
p. 302; B.E.C., 1911, p. 79. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R.I.C., 1911, p. 378. 

G. modestum occurs in profusion over three separate areas in 
Cornwall, all near the sea. There are no intermediates 
between it and Robertianum. It has a rose-coloured corolla 
just half the width of G. Robertianum . . .; corolla is more 
irregular, petals narrower and not overlapping, anthers bright 
yellow, not red, peduncles short, thick, and densely glandular- 
hairy, carpels blunt above, covered with raised lines and dots. 
I have tabulated the differences after examining many 
hundreds of plants at each locality, and G. modestum appears 
to be a perfectly good species, which is spreading from three 
well defined centres in Cornwall. G. purpureum I only know 
as a ballast casual at Par; it has purple anthers, and a curious 
elongated zig-zag panicle in fruit. Mr. E. G. Baker carefully 
examined my specimens with authentically named specimens 
from France of G. modestum." Clement Reid, B.E.C., 1909, 
pp. 429-30. See also note on "Geranium purpureum, Vill, 
and G. Robertianium, L." by A. H. Evans, B.E.C., 1919, 
pp. 724-26. 

Erodium cicutarium, L'Herit. 

6. Carne near Veryan; Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, 
Thurston. 

8. Lelant, Rees. St. Ives, 1912, Thurston. 

In a note on " Some segregates of Erodium cicutarium, L'Herit " 
by Messrs. E. G. Baker and C. E. Salmon, the coast forms 
are split into five new species. '* It would," they write, " be 
very helpful if botanists, before drying their specimens, would 
note the following points : Stem whether prostrate or ascend- 
ing; size and colour of flower, and whether petals equal or 
uneaual, spotted or not; colour of anthers, pollen, and stigma; 
whether filament is subdentate or gradually enlarged." Journ. 
Bot., 1920, pp. 121-27. 



38 GERANIACE/E. 

E. moschatum, L'Herit. 

I. Stratton, 1907, Harvey. 

3. Cliff, East Looe, 1919, Thurston. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Trevornick, Cubert, 1912, Vigurs. Hayle Towans (sand- 
dunes), Rees. 

8. Railway embankment, St. Erth, Rees. Marazion, Davey, 
R./.C., /9//, p. 378. Trannack near Penzance, Hosking, ibid. 
Between Long Rock and Penzance, 1911, Davey. Tolcarne 
near Castle Horneck; Porth Curnow, 1913, Miss M. Cobbe. 

*Forma minor (Rouy). 

8. On a bank, Marazion, 1921, W. Watson. 

OxallS COrniculata, Linn. (O. stricta, Robinson) . 
3. Charlestown, 1918, Tresidder. 

6. Crellow, Stithians, 1915, Tresidder. 

8. Hea Moor, Penzance, 1913, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

0. Stricta, Linn. (O. corniculata, Robinson) . 

6. Probus village, 1913, Vigurs. 

8. Gulval, 1913, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

*O. repens, Thun. Alien. Greenhouse and garden weed, St. 
Michael House, Newquay, 1913, Vigurs. 

*O. floribunda, Lehm. Garden escape on waste ground near 
Falmouth Docks, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Det. with some slight 
doubt, A. Thellung, B.E.C., 1917, p. 18. 

*O. latifolia, H. B. & K. 8. A troublesome weed in cultivated 
ground, Penzance, 1921, Thurston. 

Impatiens glanduiifera, Royle. 

3. " East Looe Valley " (Flora). Speading rapidly, and now- 
abundant at Sandplace. One plant in waste-ground, West 
Looe, 1919, Thurston. Valley above Crumplehorn, Polperro, 
where it was introduced from Looe Valley some years ago, 
1920, Rilstone. 

5. Plentiful at junction of head streams, and a few plants half 
a mile further down, flowers almost white, Porthcothan, 1921, 
Devis. 

8. Big patch by stream near the shore, Carbis Bay, 1912, 
Thurston. 



ACERACE/E LEGUMINOS/E. 39 

CELASTRACE/E. 

Euonymus europaeus, Linn. 

1 . Thinwood, Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

3. Tywardreath, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Mount, Par, Medlin. 

6. Lamorran Wood, 1913, Thurston. Margin of Mylor Creek; 

field hedge near Cosawes Viaduct, 1921, R. L. Smith and 

W. D. Watson. 

RHAMNACE/E. 

Rhamnus Frangula, Linn. 

1. Launcells, 1915, Harvey. 

3. Looe, just above gas-works, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
Trelawne near Looe, Rilstone. Par; St. Blazey, 1917, Miss 
M. Cobbe. 4. De Lank Valley, 1908, Harvey. 

ACERACE/E. 

Acer campestre, Linn. 

1 . Brendon Barton, Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

LEGUMINOS/E. 

Genista anglica, Linn 

5. Railway-bank near Goonhavern Halt, 1916, Tresidder. 

6. Tregassick, Ladock, Tresidder. 

G. pilosa, Linn. 

5. Lambourne, Perranzabuloe, 1912, Rilstone. 

G. tinctoria, Linn, var. littoralis, Corbiere. 

I. Cliff, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Cliff meadow at west end of Mother Ivey's Bay near Trevose 
Head, 1918, shown to E. Thurston by C. G. Lamb. t< East 
Pentire, Newquay, 1912; Penhale near Cubert, Vigurs. * 'Fruit 
glabrous, so not var. humifusa, Dickson, as the Cornish pros- 
trate form is generally called." B.E.C., 1913, p. 464; 1914, 
p. 11 . Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 



40 LEGUMINOS/E. 

7. Coverack (var. littoralis?), Rev. H. E. Fox, R.I.C., 1911, p. 

378. Kynance Downs, Vigurs. Cliff, Gunwalloe, 1916, 

Tresidder. 
The records for var. humifusa (Flora) require revision. I should 

very much like to see a Cornish plant with hairy pods, C. C. 

Vigurs. 

Ulex europaeus, Linn. 

4 There is quite as much justification for giving a name (e.g., 
forma humilis) to the Lizard Downs form as there is to give a 
name to the prostrate form of U. Gallii (var. humilis)". W 
Watson, in lit. 

U. europaeus x GaSlii, nov. hyb. Dmce. 

1 . Dr. Druce writes that the plants in Parkhurst forest, Isle of 
Wight, recalled a somewhat similar plant, also flowering in 
May, which he saw at Millook, Cornwall, some years ago, 
B.E.C., 1920, p. 17. 

*Spartium junceum, Linn. Spanish Broom. Alien. 3. Par 
Harbour, 1919, Rilstone. 

Gytisus sccparius, Link 

5. Quite rare for five to seven miles around Newquay, Vigurs. 

Ononis repens, Linn. var. horrida, Lange. 

3. Par Harbour, 1911, Davey. Near Charlestown, 1920, 
Medlin. 

5. Perranporth, 1916, Rilstone. 

6. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. 

0. spinosa, Linn. 

"Referring to Ray's record (Flora), Mr. Hiern says it refers to 
var. horrida above. The first record for O. spinosa should 
therefore be Tellam in Davey, Tent. List, 1904, and Ray's 
should go under O. repens." Davey. 

Trigonella ornithopodioides, DC. 

3. Cliffs, Polperro, first seen in 1912, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry- 
coste. Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 
102. 

7. " Above Kynance Cove " (Flora). Prevalent in Gew Graze 
Valley, 1919, Miss Berenice d'Avigdor. Patch on roadside 
near Mullion village, 1914, Thurston. 



LEGUMINOS/E. 41 

*T. hamosa, Linn. Alien. Mediterranean. 6. Faimouth Docks, 
1917, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1919, p. 647. 

Medicago sativa, Linn. 

6. Dock, Little Faimouth near Flushing, 1917, Thurston. 

7. Cadgwith, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. Road between Mullion 
and Poldhu Bridge, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Sea-front east of Marazion Station, Davey, R.I.C., 1911, p. 
378. Bloom fields near Penzance, Rees. 

M. falcata, Linn. 

1 . Path to cliff below Grenville Hotel, Bude, 1915, Thurston. 

4. Field between Portreath and Portquin, 1916, Miss B. 
Martyn. 

5. Rialton Mill near Newquay, 1915, Vigurs. 

8. Patch between Marazion Station and Long Rock, 1911, 
Davey. *' Eastern Green, Penzance, Glasson, 1888 " (Flora). 
Eastern Green beach, 1915, Rees. 

*Var. tenuifoiiata, Vuych. 

6. Faimouth Docks, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. Vide B.E.C., 1911, 
p. 17, for description of the plant. 

*M. lupulina, Linn. var. Willdenowiana, Koch. 
3. Pridmouth, 1920, Medlin. 

In the Flora M. lupulina, var. scabra, Gray, noticed in all the 
districts, is said to be distinguished from the type by glandular 
hairs. In Hayward, Botanist's Pocket-book, ed. XV. var. 
Willdenowiana, Koch, is described as having pods with glan- 
dular hairs, and var. scabra rough pods with simple hairs. See 
also B.E.C., 1910, pp. 551-2. 

M. denticulata, Willd. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 

Var. apiculata (Willd). 

3. Par Harbour, 1920, Thurston. 

M. arabica, Huds. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. , 



42 LEGUMINOS/E. 

*M. minima, Desr. Casual. 

Recorded in the Flora as an error, but now included. 

3. A few plants at Par, Vigurs, B.E.C., /9/5, p. 261. There 

cited as M. minima, Bart., and also in Druce, List of British 

Plants. 

*M. littoralis t Rhode. Alien. Shores of the Mediterranean, 
Dunn. 3. A rare alien at Par, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 378. 

Melilotus altissima, Thuill. 

3. Looe dust-heaps; top of Sand Hill near Polperro, 1910, not 
seen since, Mrs. and H. M. H. Perrycoste. Ballast-heap, 
Charlestown, Tresidder. 

6. Helston Water, Kea; Lowertown, Frogpool, Gwennap, 
Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 378. 

M. alba, Desr. 

1. Waste-patch, Bude, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Martyn's yard, Wadebridge, 1918, Thurston. 

5. Copperhouse near Hayle, 1921, Thurston and Rilstone. Cul- 
tivated field, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 

M. officinalis, Lam. 

1. Marhamchurch, 1907, Harvey. Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Padstow; Sea Mill near St. Issey, 1918, Thurston. 

5. Shepherd's, Newlyn East, 1916, Harvey. Newquay, 1902, 
Vigurs. Hendravossan, R./.C., /9//, p. 378, and Wheal Hope, 
both in Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

7. Mullion, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Carbis Bay, 1912, Thurston. Long Rock, Marazion, Davey, 
R./.C., /9//, p. 378. 

M. indica, All. 

3. " Par, 1903 " (Flora). Abundant at the Harbour, 1920, 
Thurston. Mount Charles near St. Austell, 1921, Tresidder. 

5. One plant near farm with fowls, Quintrell Downs, 1908, 
Rogers and Vigurs. Cultivated field, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 

6. Fowl-run, Falmouth Docks, and beach outside Docks, 1917, 
Thurston. 

M. azurea, Wallr. Alien. 6. Waste-ground outside Boscawen 
Park, Truro, 1922, Borlase. 



LEGUMINOS/E. 43 

Trifolium subterraneum, Linn. 

3. Gribbin Head; Bodelva, St. Blazey, Medlin. Trenarren 
near Pentewan, Tresidder. 

5. Fields near Perranzabuloe and Perranporth, 1917, Rilstone, 
B.E.C., 1917, p. 217. 

6. Idless near Truro, Rilstone, R./.C., 79/7, p. 375. Heligan 
lawn, 1911, J. D. Enys. Quarry near Pennare Farm, Veryan; 
Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Poltesco; Cadgwith; cliff, Mullion Cove, 1914, Miss M. 
Cobbe. 

8. Truthwell near St. Just; Cape Cornwall, Rees. 

T. pratense, var. parviflorum, Bab. 

3. "Railway bank, Par, Tellam " (Flora). Railway bank near 
Par Sands, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 7977, p. 103. 

*Var. americanum, Harz. Alien. 

5. Waste-heap, Newquay, 1912, Vigurs, R./.C., 7973, p. 227. 

T. squamosum, Linn. 

3. " Par " (Flora). Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe; 1920, 
Thurston. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1922, Tresidder. 

6. " Falmouth Docks, 1882 " (Flora). Seen there in 1912 by 
Miss C. Vivian. 

T. Molinerii, Balb. 

7. Between Poltesco and Cadgwith, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 
1916, p. 480. Old Lizard Head, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. 

T. arvense, Linn. 

Known at Looe at Cats' Tails. 

1. Tintagel, 1915, Mrs. Rouse, nee Davey. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Polzeath, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 7977, p. 378. 

5. Goonhavern, Tresidder, ibid. One plant at Miry Bottom 
near Pendown Cross-roads, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. 

6. Portloe near Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

8. Bodilly Mill near Penzance, 1916, Rees. 



44 LEGUMINOS/E. 

T. Bocconi, Savi. 

7. " First found in 1839 on a dry bank at Cadgwith " (Flora). 
Seen there in 1914; near the quarries, Poltesco, Miss M. Cobbe, 
B.E.C., 1916, p. 480. " Near Kynance " (Flora). Quantities 
in Gew Graze Valley, 1919, Miss Berenice d'Avigdor. 

T. striatum, Linn. 

5. Near Chyverton, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder, R.I.C., 1911, p. 
378. St. Agnes, 1912, Rilstone. 

6. Port Holland, 1913, Thurston. 

T. scabrum, Linn. 

1. Summerleaze Downs, Bude, 1915, Harvey. 

3. Trenarren near Pentewan, Tresidder. 

4. Polzeath, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 378. 

5. Budnick Hill, Perranporth; St. Agnes Cliffs, Rilstone. 

T. glomeratum, Linn. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, a few plants, 1915, Tresidder. 

T. suffocatum, Linn. 

7. Hot Point, Lizard, 1919-20; quarry, Landewednack, 1920, 
Miss Berenice d'Avigdor. Gew Graze Valley, 1922, Downes. 

T. strictum, Linn. 

7. Between Cadgwith and Landewednack, Miss M. Cobbe, 
B.E.C., 1916, p. 480. Caerthilllian Cove, 1872, Curnow, 
R.I.C., 1911, p. 378. One plant, Gew Graze Valley, 1919, 
Miss Berenice d'Avigdor. 

*T. repens, Linn. var. phyllanthlim, Seringe. 

3. Par, 1912, Vigurs, R./.C., 1913, p. 227. Par Harbour, 1920, 

Medlin. 
Each flower has a conspicuous pedicel, sometimes more than 

twice as long as the flower. 

T. fragiferum, Linn. 

3. " Polperro, Perry coste " (Flora). Mr. Perry coste now 
doubts the accuracy of this record. 

4. Egloshavle Marsh, abundant, 1918. Thurston, St. Enodoc, 
Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 378. 

8. Cliff slopes near Marazion, Rees. 



LEGUMINOS/E. 45 

T. resupinatum, Linn. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1917-20, Tresidder. 

*T. dubium, Sibth. var. pygmaeum (Soy- Will) . 
5. Chapel, St. Columb Minor, 1914, Vigurs. Probably some- 
times taken for T. filiforme. 

T. filiforme, Linn. 

3. Trenarren near Pentewan, Tresidder. , 

5. For " Trethenas " (Flora) read Tretherras. Trerice Farm, 
St. Allen, Tresidder. St. Agnes, Rilstone. 

6. Field between Trefusis Point and Mylor Church, 1917, 
Rilstone. 

7. Goonhilly Downs, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 379. 
Caerthillian Valley, 1914, Thurston. 

Anthyllis Vulneraria, Linn. var. coccinea, Linn. 
1. Bude Sandhills, 1915, Thurston. 

4. Portquin to Polzeath, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 379. 

5. " Newquay " (Flora). Headland, Newquay, 1919, Barton. 
"These are even taller than the Cornish specimens gathered 
by Mr. Loydell in 1903, and Preb. H. E. Fox in 1910. . . . 
Mr. Barton's are more tomentose than any of my specimens 
of coccinea, but the hairs are longer on the average sized 
specimens of this var. gathered by Miss Geldart in May, 191 1 .*' 
H. S. Thompson, W.E.C., 1918-20, p. 97. 

7. Kynance, 1845" (Flora). Downs near Kynance, 1911, 
Miss A. M. Geldart, W..C., 1911-12, p. 333. 



*Var. bioOiOf (Rouy & Fouc) . 

5. Porthcothan, 1921, Devis. "Cornwall," White, B.E.C., 
1914, p. 64. 

Lotus corniculatus, Linn. var. crassifolius, Pers. 

5. Porthcothan, 1921, Devis. 

8. Hayle Towans (sand-dunes); sands between Marazion and 

Penzance, 1921. This is a form, and has no right to a var- 

ietal status, W. Watson. 

L. tenuis, Waldst. & Kit. 

5. Mother Ivey's Bay near Trevose Head, 1911, Miss F. 

Spettigue. 
7. East Kennack Valley; cliff west of Cadgwith, 1914, Miss A. 

B. Cobbe. 



46 LEGUMINOS/E. 

*L. uliginosus, Schkuhr, var. glabriusculus, Bab. 

6. Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, Davey, R.I.C., 1913, p. 227. 
8. Chy-an-hal Moor, Penzance, 1912, Rees, ibid. 

L. angustissimus, Linn. 

3. " Polperro, Couch " (Flora). Slopes of east cliff, Polperro, 
1917, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1917, p. 217. Very robust plants in a 
deserted cabbage patch on east cliff, Polperro, 1919, 
Thurston, B.E.C., 1920, p. 178. Recorded in error as L. 
hispidus, Desf. var. major, Rouy, B.E.C., 1919, p. 554. 

L. hispidus, Desf. 

3. Par Harbour, Davey, R.I.C., 1911, p. 379. Ballast-heap, 
Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 

7. Cliff west of Cadgwith, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. Caerthillian 
Valley, 1914, Thurston. 

Coronilla varia, Linn. 5. Hedge, Copperhouse, near Hayle, 
1921, Rees. 6. Falmouth, 1912, Miss C. Vivian. 

Ornithopus perpusillus, Linn. 

3. Par, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. Starrick Moor, St. Austell; 
Trenarren near Pentewan, Tresidder. 

4. Blisland, 1908, Harvey. Polzeath, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. 
Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 379. 

5. For " Perranzabuloe " (Flora) read St. Stephen-in-Brannel 
(district 6). .Carnkief, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

6. Penwithick Moor, Tresidder. Near Carne, Veryan; quarry 
near Nare Head, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Cadgwith, 1914, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

8. Hayfield, Gulval, 1915, Miss Waterer. Bosigran, Rees. 
Land's End, Rev. H. E. Fox, R.I.C., 1911, p. 379. 

0. pinnatus, Druce. 

8. " Scilly Isles " (Flora). Tresco and St. Agnes, 1922, Downes. 

Vicia tetrasperma, Moench. 

5. Lambourne, Perranzabuloe, 1912, Rilstone. 

6. Near Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 

*V. tenuifolia, Roth. Alien. " Central Europe to the Orient,*' 
Dunn. 3. Small quarry at head of West Looe river, 1900, 
Hume, R./.C., 1911, p. 379. 6. Falmouth Docks, quite 
naturalised, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 104. 



LEGUMINOS^;. 47 

*V. Cracca, Linn, forma alba. 

8. Between St. Ives and Zennor, 1897, F. H. Perrycoste. 

Var. argentea, Coss. & Germ. 

6. Perran-ar-worthal, 1912, Davey. 

V. Orobus, DC. 

I. Goscott Moor, Week St. Mary, 1917, Tresidder. Otterham 
Downs, 1916, Wise and Smith-Pearse. 



V. sylvatica, Linn. 
Hedge-bank bel 
1921, H. S. Thompson. 



2. Hedge-bank_between Pensilva and Upton, very sparingly, 
, H. S. 



V. lutea, Linn. 

7. " Along the coast at Landewednack " (Flora). Between 
Landewednack and Lean Water Cove, 1914; Poltesco Little 
Cove, abundant, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., /9/6, p. 481. 

V. angustifolia, Linn. 

2. Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 379. 

6. Port Holland; near Paradoe Cove, Gerrans Bay, 1913, 
Thurston. 

*Forma ffavida, Schur. fide Thellung. 

6. Falmouth Docks, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

Var. Remrevillensis, Hussenot. 

For "Egloshayle " (Flora, p. 135) read St. Ervan. 

V. bithynica, Linn. 

7. " Housel Bay, 1 902 " (Flora). Lane leading to Housel Bay 
Hotel, 1920, Miss Berenice d'Avigdor. 

: Var. angUStifOlia, Syme. Casual. 

3. Par Harbour, 1920, Thurston. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 
1920, Tresidder. 

Lathyrus Aphaca, Linn. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, one plant, 1916; several plants, 
1920, Tresidder. 



48 LEGUMINOS/E ROSACE/E. 

L. NJSSOlia, Linn. 

3. Par Harbour, 1916; abundant in 1920, Tresidder. Railway- 
bank, Crinnis, 1920, Mrs. Medlin. 

L. sylvestris, Linn. 

3. Polkerris, 1920, Tresidder. 

L. hirsutus, Linn. 

3. " Par, Tellam " (Flora). Par Harbour, 1918, Wise, B.E.C., 

79/5, p. 376. 
6. Malpas road, Truro, Borlase, R.I.C., 1911, p. 379. 

*L. Cicera, Linn. Alien. Southern Europe. 3. Par Harbour, 
1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 104. 

L. montanus, Bernh. 

2. Pillaton, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 379. 

3. Trelawney Woods; Court Wood, Lanreath, Mrs. and 
H. M. M. Perrycoste. St. Blazey, Medlin. 

4. Between Burlorne and Hustyn Mill, St. Breock, 1915, 
Thurston. 

6. Arallas, Ladock, 1915, Vigurs. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, f>. 379. Gweek 
Wood; Trelowarren, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

Var. tenuifolJUS, Garcke. 

1. Near Launcells; Minster Valley, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

5 Near St. Allen, 1912; Penhallow, Perranzabuloe, flowering 
slightly later than the type, Rilstone, B B.C., 1914, p. 262. 



ROSACE/E. 

Prunus insititia, Linn. 

3. Talland, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Par, Medlin. 

6. Wood, Veryan, 1913, Thurston, 

P. domestica, Linn. 

6. Lamorran Wood, 1913, Thurston. 

8. Between Newlyn and Penlee Point, 1921, W. Watson. 



ROSACE/E. 49 

P. avium, Linn. 

1. Minster Valley, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

4. Near the Jail, Bodmin; Roche-Bodmin road west of Mount 
Pleasant, 1912, Vigurs. 

5. Quintrell Downs, Vigurs. Mill Down, Ventongimps, Per- 
ranzabuloe, 1912, Rilstone. 

6. Between Tregoney and Tresillian; Lamorran Wood, 1913, 
Thurston. Trelew near Mylor, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. Be- 
tween Ladock and Brighton, Vigurs. 

P. Pad us, Linn. 

4. Patch 15 yards in length in roadside hedge near Tresarret 
Bridge, Blisland, away from habitation, May. After receiving 
the report of Mr. Thurston, to whom the Rev. F. Granville 
May showed the patch in 1920, I claim that the plant should 
be considered a native of Cornwall. C. C. Vigurs. 

Spiraea salicifolia, Linn. 

3. " Near Jamaica Inn " (Flora). Abundant in lane from Lis- 
keard road to Dozmary Pool, 1915, Thurston. Large patch at 
top of Jubilee Hill, Pelynt, 1915, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry- 
coste. 

6. Hedge, Budock, 1917, Rilstone. 

5. Ulmaria, Linn, var. denudata, Boenn. 

5. Golan, 1911; Quintrell Downs, Vigurs. Carnkief pond, Per- 
ranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

6. Chyvogue, Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, Davey. Kestle near 
Helford, 1921, Tresidder. 

At the end of the dry summer, 1921, plants in the valley, Pol- 
perro, produced a crop of radical leaves, and, while the old 
growth was of normal type, the new leaves were green below 
and glabrous. Rilstone. 

Rubus idaeus, Linn. 

3. Yearl's Coombe, Trelawney river, Mrs. and H. M. M. 

Perrycoste. 
6. Penwethers near Truro, 1911, Foott. 

R. affinis, Wh. & N. 

5. Goonhavern, Tresidder, R./.C., 1911, p. 379. 



50 ROSACE/E. 

R. latifolius, Bab. 

7. Near Nancegollan station, Tresidder. 

R. Lindleianus, Lees. 

5. Penhallow Moor, Newlyn East, Rogers, R./.C., 797 /, p. 379. 

R. nemoralis, P. J. Muell. 

In Journ. Bot., 1909, p. 174, the Rev. W. Moyle Rogers mentions 
two forms of this plant. 

a. Type. 5. Quintrell Downs, and near the railway bridge 
close by. 

b. '* Form with leaflets greenish white felted beneath, smaller 
and more irregularly toothed towards the point, and narrower, 
more elongate, and somewhat glandular panicle. Rather 
common, and locally abundant.'* 

3. Par, Vigurs. 

5. Quintrell Downs; Penhallow Moor and Benny Bridge. 
Newlyn East; Goonhavern; Perranporth; Scorrier, Rogers. 

6. Goss Moor, Vigurs. 

7. * This form (b) is connected with the type by an inter- 
mediate plant, which occurs in some quantity at Mullion, and 
on the Goonhilly Downs." Loc. cit. 

8. Pra Valley; St. Buryan; Lamorna Valley, 1911, Davey. 

*R. Scheutzii, Lindeb. 

6. Kea Downs, 1911, Druce, R./.C., 7973, p. 224. 

R. dumnoniensis, Bab. 

5. Cosworth Downs, Vigurs, R./.C., 7977, p. 379. For " Pen- 
hallow Moor, Perranzabuloe " (Flora) read Penhallow Moor, 
Newlyn East. Goonhavern, Perranzabuloe, Vigurs. 

R. ramosus, Briggs. 

5. Penhallick Water, Perranzabuloe, 1910, Tresidder, K./.C., 
7977, p. 379. 

R. thyrsoideus, Wimm. 

For note on the Cornish forms of this plant, see Journ. Bot., 
7909, pp. 174-5. 



ROSACE/E. 51 

*Var. viridescens, Rogers, MS. 

5. Goonhavern to Penhallick Water, Perranzabuloe, 1898, 
Rogers. Perranzabuloe, 1907, Tresidder. 

' The closeness of the connection with type seems to be estab- 
lished especially by the combination of the strong deeply 
furrowed glabrous stem with the comparatively short curved 
prickles and showy flower of the panicle. It is, however, 
considerably unlike in habit and coloration, besides having 
leaflets narrower and soon bare beneath, with panicle (when 
fully developed) considerably branched and purplish petals. 
From R. rusticanus, towards which it takes a step from type, 
it may be readily distinguished by its epruinose stem, its more 
compressed prickles, and longer stamens; and from my R. 
Briggsianus, which at first sight it recalls, by its sulcate stem 
and short curved panicle prickles, as well as by its different 
leaves, greyer sepals, and purplish petals." Rev. W. M. 
Rogers, W.E.C., 1917-18, p. 58. 

R. Godroni, Lecoq & Lamotte. 

5. Goonhavern, R.I.C., 1911, p. 379; Carnkief, Perranzabuloe, 
Tresidder. 

;:; Hybrid. R. rusticanus x plinthostylus. 

6. Greenwith, Perran-an-worthal, Davey. 

The bramble, recorded on page 156 of the Flora as probably R. 
criniger was later regarded by Moyle Rogers as above, R.I.C., 
1913, ID. 227. 

R. hypoleucus, Lefv. & Muell. 

5. Goonhavern, Tresidder, R./.C., 79/7, p. 380. 

R. macrophyllus, Wh. & N. 

5. Goonhavern; Penhallick Water, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder, 
R.I.C., 7977, p. 379. 

R. lasJOCladOS, Focke var. angUStifollUS, Rogers. 

5. Perranporth, Rogers. 

The Rev. W. Moyle Rogers came to the conclusion that the 
bramble from near Quintrell Downs, recorded on his authority 
in the Flora as near R. argyranthus and leucostachys, should 
be referred to R. lasioclados. See also Journ. Bot., 1909, p. 
175. 



52 ROSACE/E. 

R. Borreri, Bell Salt, var. dentatifolius, Briggs. 
5. Penhallow Moor, Rogers, R./.C., /9//, p. 380. Recorded 
there as the type. 

R. radllla, Weihe, var. anglicanilS, Rogers. 

5. Goonhavern, Rogers, Journ. Bot., 1909, p. 175. 

R. scaber, Wh. & N. forma angustifoiia. 

5. Goonhavern, Rogers, R./.C., 1911, p. 380. 

R. Koehleri, Wh. & N. 

1. '* Minster Valley, Rogers " (Flora). Said by the Rev. W. 
Moyle Rogers to refer to R. plinthostylus. 

R. plinthostylus, Genev. 

The first record (Flora) should read : Rogers, B.E.C., 1885, as 
R. Koehleri. 

5. One of the commonest brambles in the Newquay district, 
Vigurs. Between Redruth and Portreath, 1911, Davey. 

8. Several places between Penzance and Land's End, 1911, 
Davey. 

R. corylifolius, Sm. var. cyclophyllus (Lindeb) . 

6. Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, Druce. 

R. caesius, Linn. 

6. Penmount, Truro, 1911, Foott. 

Mr. Rilstone is engaged in an investigation of the Rubi mainly 
in the neighbourhoods of Polperro and Lostwithiel, and in 
Perranzabuloe. The time is not yet ripe for the publication 
of the results, which will doubtless be the subject of a detailed 
note later on. Critical notes on some of Mr. Rilstone's plants 
will be found in B.E.C., 1919, 1920. 

Geum rivals, Linn. 

5. Railway-bank close to bridge over the line, Rejerrah, Newlyn 
East, Tresidder. 

Fragaria moschata, Duchesne. 

3. Wood in grounds of Portlooe near West Looe, Miss C. Grigg. 

F. indica, An dr. 3. The Strawberrv of cultivation has long 
been established as an escape at Par Harbour, Vigurs. 5. 
Blackwater, Scorrier, Vigurs. 



ROSACE/E. 53 

;: Hybrid. Potentilla erecta x procumbens. 

6. Church lane, Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, Davey. 

7. Lizard Downs, 1911, Druce, New Phyt., 1911, p. 312. 

"Hybrid. P. erecta x reptans. 

6. Silverhill, Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, W.E.C., 1912-13, p. 
393. 

8. Penzance, 1898, Druce, B.E.C., 1913, p. 322. 

A plant collected at Truro in 191 1 by Dr. Druce was determined 
by Dr. Wolf as " super-reptans x Tormentilla, hinc spectat 
P. italica, Lehm. Hoc specimen est distinctum, minus 
pilosum, infra ramificatum." 

P. procumbens, Sibth. 

3. Wood in valley east of Glynn, Tansley, R./.C., /9//, p. 380. 
Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Penhallow, 1911; Mithian and St. Agnes, 1912, Rilstone, 
Perranporth; roadside between Redruth and Portreath, 1911, 
Davey. 

6. Near Veryan; Lamorran Wood, 1913; near Falmouth Work- 
house, 1917, Thurston. Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, Davey. 
Truro, 1911, Druce, New Phyt., 1911, p. 311. Chacewater, 
Vigurs. 

A plant sent by Davey to the Watson Exchange Club was deter- 
mined by Dr. Wolf as P. procumbens, Sibth, with the remark : 
Forma foliolis crebrius incisis quae etiam in Germania haud 
raro occurrit." B.E.C., 1913, p. 320. 

7. Lizard; Kynance, 1911, Davey, New Phyt., 1911, p. 311. 

8. Roadside, St. Buryan, 1 911, Davey. 

Davey's forecast (Flora, p. 168) that this plant would be found 
to have a more general distribution in Cornwall than was then 
indicated has been amply verified. 

Hybrid. P. procumbens x reptans (P. mixta, Nolte). 

1. Millook, Druce, B.E.C., 1915, p. 265. 

6. Checkwater, Perran-ar-worthal, Davey. Greenwith 

Common, Perran-ar-worthal, Vigurs, 1912, B.E.C., 1913, p. 
321; W.E.C., 1912-13, p. 393. Dr. Wolf remarks:" Forma 
valde robusta." Truro, 1 911. Davey and Druce. Dr. Wolf 
observes: "Specimen simillimum est specimenibus a Cl. 
Nolte in Holsatia lectis 



54 ROSACES. 

7. Caerthillian Valley, Tansley, R./.C., 1911, p. 380. Downs 
between Lizard and Kynance, 191 1, Davey. 

*P. reptans, Linn. Small form, approaching microphylia (Tratt) . 

5. Newlyn Halt; Trethellan steps, Newquay, Vigurs, B.E.C., 
1913, p. 321. 

8. Grassy bank, Penzance, 1921, Thurston. 

*Var. mollis, Borbas (sericea, Bab. Man., 1847, 94). 

6. Truro, 1911, Druce, B.E.C., 1913, p. 322. 
8. Penzance, 1892, Druce, loc. cit. 

P. palustris, Scop. 

1. Tamerton, 1918, Harvey. 

3. Prideaux, St. Blazey, Medlin. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, 
Tresidder, R./.C., 1911, p. 380. 

5. Tolgroggan Moor, and Truthan Bottoms, St Allen; St. Erme; 
Tregassick, Tresidder. 

6. St. Dennis, Medlin. 

Alchemilla vulgaris, Linn. 

3. Near Roche, 1916, Taylor. 

Agrimonia Eupatoria, Linn. 

2. Near Sheviock, small flowered, 1919, Rilstone. 

6. Near Veryan, 1913, Thurston. Tarrandean lane, and station 
hill, Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 380. 

8. St. Erth, 1912, Thurston. Hawks Point near Carbis Bay, 
Rees. Near Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. 

A. odorata, Mill. 

3. Above Lantic Bay, 1911, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

6. Truthan Bottoms, St. Allen, Tresidder. 

Poterium Sanguisorba, Linn. 

3. Par Moor, Medlin. 

7. Mullion, 1911, Davey. 

P. officinale, A. Gray. 

2. Carthamartha Wood, Lezant, Tresidder. 

3. Duporth near Charlestown, Tresidder. 
7. Poltesco; Poldhu Valley, 1914, Thurston. 



ROSACES. 55 

Rosa spinosissima, Linn. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 380. 

R. tomentosa, Sm. pro. parte. 

2. Tokenbury between Pensilva and Upton, 1919, H. S. 
Thompson. 

3. Roadside between milestone and Miss Lemon's cottages 
near Looe; Yearl's Coombe, Trelawney river, 1918; field hedge 
above Sand Hill, Polperro, 1915; Coombes, Polperro, opposite 
school; near Mabel Barrow, Mrs. and H. M. S. Perrycoste. 
Between St. Austell and Roche, 1921, H. S. Thompson. 

R. stylosa, Desv. var. leucochroa (Desv). 

6. Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 380. 

R. arvensis, Huds, var. dibracteata, Bast (Flora). 
For dibracteata read bibracteata. 

*R. lucida, Ehrh. Alien. North America. Repeatedly found 
in England. 6. Hedge near Baldhu, Truro, for length of 
10-12 feet, 1921, Tresidder. 

Pyrus terminal is, Ehrh. 

1 . Week St. Mary; Jacobstow, Tresidder. 

5. " Newlyn East " (Flora). Long Cross near Newlyn East, 

Vigurs, B.E.C., 1914, p. 143. Carnkief, Perranzabuloe, 

Tresidder. 

*P. intermedia, Ehrh (scandica, Asch) . 

5. Roadside, Perranzabuloe Church, one of a row of trees, 
chiefly Elms, originally planted, 1921, Rilstone. 

P. domestica, Ehrh. 

In the Journal of Botany, 1909, p. 390, the Editor points out that 
the quotation from the Phytologist, 1861 , p. 176, in the Flora 
is inaccurate, in so far as it states that there is a localised 
specimen (hilly places in Cornwall) in Buddie's Herbarium. 
Buddie's specimen is not localised. 

Pyrus communis, Linn. 

1. Tree in field hedge near canal bank, Marhamchurch, 1922, 
Durst on. 



56 ROSACE/E SAXIFRAQACE/E. 

P. cor data, Desv 

2. " Old bush in hedge close to the path leading through 
fields from St. John's village to Higher Tregantle " (Fl. Plym., 
1880). Bush alive in 1919, but did not flower, Thurston. 

P. MalUS, Linn, var. sylvestris, Linn (acerba, DC) . 

3. Restormel road, Lostwithiel, 1920, Rilstone. " Near, and 
possibly correct. The Cornish Crabs require studying." 
Druce. 

Var. mitiS, Wallr. 

6. Parnall's Wood near Port Holland, 1913, Thurston. 

Var. paradisiaca, Hort. 

4. Hedge, Wadebridge, 1920, Harvey. Probably paradisiaca, 
Druce in lit. 

5. Hedge near Mawgan Cross, Mawgan-in-Pydar, 1912, Vigurs. 
The bush may perhaps be referred to this variety. 

P. germanica, Hook. fil. 

2. Farm, South Petherwin, May. 

3. Field hedge between Looe-Polperro road and Newtons, 
1919, Thurston. 

*Crataegus monogyna, Jacq, var. laciniata, Wallr. 

6. Between Greensplat and the Miners' Arms, Gwennap, 191 1, 
Davey, R./.C., 79/3, p. 228. 

*Var. kyitOStyla (Fingerh). 

7. Goonhilly Downs, 1911, Davey, loc. cit. 

*Cotoneaster Simonsii, Baker. Alien. 5. Several shrubs near 
Perranzabuloe Church; planted in churchyard, Tresidder, 
R./.C., /9/3, p. 225. Silverwell, 1920, Rilstone. 

SAXIFRAGACE/E. 

Saxifraga tridactylites, Linn. 

1 . Week St. Mary village, Tresidder. 

3. Clicker Tor, Corn. Mon. Club. R./.C., 79/7, p. 380. Plen- 
tiful on roof of shed at Bogga Mill, Lanreath, 1918. Mrs. and 
H. M. M. Perrycoste. Golant, 1920, Thurston. Par, 1911, 
Davey. 



SAXIFRACACE/E CRASSULACE/E. 57 

4. Near Grogley between Wadebridge and Bodmin, Salisbury. 

*Tellima grandiflora, Br. Alien. 1 . Several plants as garden 
escape on roadside bank, Poughill, 1915, Thurston. 

Ribes nigrum, Linn. 

4. Dunmere Wood two miles N.W. of Bodmin; in wet places 
in Quercus sessiliflora woods; near Grogley between Wade- 
bridge and Bodmin, Salisbury. 

R. rubrum, Linn. 

3. In Quercus sessiliflora woods, Fowey Valley, probably bird 

sown, Salisbury. 
6. Bank between Flushing and Mylor, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

CRASSULACE/E. 

Sedum Telephium, Linn. 

3. Between Trelawney Mill and Sowden's Bridge; lime-kiln, 
Talland; hedge at top of Jubilee Hill, Pelynt, 1912, et sq, Mrs. 
and H. M. M. Perry coste. 

6. Perranwell, 1917, Thurston. 

Var. Fabaria, Koch (? purpureum. Linn). 

* There appears to be some doubt in the minds of our foreign 
confreres as to whether we have the true S. Telephium, L. in 
Britain. All the plants seen were referred by them to the 
above form." Int. Phytogeograph. Excursion, New Phyt., 
J9JJ, p. 312. 

5. purpureum, Tausch. 

1. " Tintagel" (Flora). Rocky Valley near Tintagel, 1915, 

Thurston. 
3. Charlestown Wood, Tresidder. 

S. album, Linn. 

3. Wall, Hessenford, 1919. Thurston. 
5. Wall, Newlyn East, 1916, Rilstone. 

7. Cliff-bank, Cadgwith, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 79/6, p. 

486. 



58 DROSERACE/E HALORAGACE/E. 

5. acre, Linn. 

3. Wall opposite Polkieves between Polperro and Sclerder, 
Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. St. Blazey, with very pointed 
slender leaves, 1916, Mrs. Wedgwood. 

6. Mylor, 1921 , R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

8. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. Perranuthnoe; St. Just, Rees. 

In a note (B.E.C., 1912, p. 161) on Sedum Drucei, Graebner, 
which is related to S. acre but distinguished, inter alia, by the 
loosely placed, narrow divergent leaves, it is stated that " it 
has yet to be demonstrated that the restricted acre occurs in 
Britain." 

5. reflex urn, Linn. 

3. " Langreek and Tregarrick near Polperro, T. Q. Couch 
(Flora). Not found there by the Perrycostes Patch in hedge 
at Maenedhu, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

6. Very an, 1913, Thurston. 

S. rupestre, Linn. 

8. Canons Town near Lelant; cliff path between Carbis Bay 
and St. Ives, 1915, Rees. 

*S. spurium, Sibth. Alien. Garden origin. Plentiful on wall, 
Tintagel, 1915, Vigurs. 

Sempervivum lector urn, Linn. 

1. Outhouse of cottage, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Cottage roofs, Lostwithiel and Golant, 1920, Thurston. 

4. Worthyvale House near Slaughterbridge, 1915, Thurston- 

5. Trencreek, St. Columb Minor, 1920, Vigurs. 

DROSERACE/E. 
Drosera longifolia, Linn. 

1. Laneast, 1908, Harvey. 

5. Wheal Butson, St. Agnes, 1911, Rilstone. 

6. Pen wethers near Truro, 1914, Foott. 

HALORAGACE/E. 

Myriophyllum spicatum, Linn. 

6. Ennis and Trevella, St. Erme, Tresidder. 



HALORAGACE/E LYTHRACE/E. 59 

M. alternifolium, DC. 

7. Pond between Goonhilly Downs and Traboe; pond near 
Penhale, Lizard road, 1914, Thurston. Kynance Downs, 1911, 
Miss C. E. Larter. 

Callitriche palustris, Linn. 

In a letter to Mr. Arthur Bennett, Davey wrote : ** I have never 
seen a Cornish specimen, and some of the records may have 
to go under some other species. I experienced great diffi- 
culty in sifting the records for the genus." 

C. intermedia, Hoffm. 

3. Fowey river near Dozmary Pool, 1915, Thurston. 

Var. pedunculata (DC). 

1. Hellescott Bridge, Egloskerry, 1919, Reid. 

C. obtuaangula, Le Gall. 

7. Mullion Cove, J. Groves, R./.C., /9//, p. 380. 



LYTHRACE/E. 

Peplis Portula, Linn. 

1 . Goscott Moor, Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

3. Cheesewring, 1920. Harvey. Trenarren Marsh near Hessen- 
ford, 1914, et sq, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Prideaux, 
St. Blazey; Trethurgy near St. Austell, Medlin. Starrick 
Moor, St. Austell, Tresidder, R./.C., 1911, f>. 380. 

5. Quintrell Downs; Metha Wood and west side of Newlyn 
Downs, Vigurs. Roadside near Newlyn East; stream, Rees 
Wood, Perranzabuloe, 1916, Thurston. Between Penhallow 
and Miry Bottom, Perranzabuloe, 1912, Rilstone. 

6. Nanpean; St. Dennis, Medlin. 

7. Goonhilly Downs, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 380. 

*Var. dentata, Druce. 

1. Boscastle, 1911, Druce. Calyx teeth (1mm. long) are longer 

than the capsule. B.E.C., 1911, p. 20; R./.C., 1913, p. 228. 
6. Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R./.C., 79/3, p. 228. 



60 ONAGRACE/E. 

ONAGRACE/E. 

Epilobium angustifolium, Linn. 

1. Launceston road near Hal worthy, 1915, Wise. 

3. Cinder-heap between between Cheesewring and road from 
Upton to Henwood, 1920, Harvey. Marsh by St. Keyne 
Station, 1915 et sq, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Tre- 
gorrick near St. Austell, Tresidder. Pentewan Valley, Medlin. 

E. hirsutum, Linn. 

1. Abundant at Launcells, 1908, Harvey. Week St. Mary, 
common, Tresidder. 

2. Botusfleming, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 380. 

3. Along Polperro river, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Par 
Harbour, Medlin. 

4. Between St. Mabyn and Sladesbridge, 1915, Thurston. 

6. Treviscoe, St. Stephen-in-Brannel, Tresidder. Swamp near 
Port Holland, 1913, Thurston. Roadside west of Mylor, 1921. 
R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

8. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. Marazion, 1921, R. L. Smith and 
W. D. Watson. 

*E. montanum, Linn, forma minor. 

3. Liskeard railway station, 1919, Thurston. 

E. lanceolatum, Seb. & Maur. 

3. Charlestown, 1915, Vigurs. 

5. Little Water, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

6. Penpoll, Feock, Davey, R.I.C., 1911, p. 380. 

*Forma umbrosa, Haussk. 

3. St. Blazey, 1912, Vigurs, R./.C., 1913, p. 228. 

E. tetragonum, Curt. 

6. Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 
8. Gurnard's Head, 1912, Thurston. 

E. pa lustre, Linn. 

I. Kensey Valley, Wise. 
3. Seaton Valley, 1914 et sq, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 



FIC01DE/E UMBELLIFER/E . 6 1 

GEnothera biennis, Linn. 

1. Hill-side, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

2. Downderry, Miss C. P. Foster, R./.C., /9//, p. 380. 

3. Seaton, 1915 et sq, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Ballast- 
heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 

6. Bosvigoe Wood, and Highertown, Truro, 191 1, Foott. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 380. 

8. Railway embankment near Angarrack, Hayle, 191 1, Davey. 

<E. odorata, Jacq. 3. Par, 1911, Druce, Journ. Bot., 1911, p. 
303. Abundant on a sand-heap, Par Harbour, 1922, Thurston. 
Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 4. Bodmin Road 
Station, 1917, Harvey. 

Fuchsia Riccartoni, Hort. 7. Stream at head of Caerthillian 
Valley, 1914, Thurston. 

FICOIDE/E. 

*Mesembryanthemum edule, Linn, and M. acinaciforme, Linn. 
Alien. Recorded in recent years from several localities in 
West Cornwall. Vide B.E.C., 1911, p. 94; 1917, pp. 74, 75; 
Curtis, Bot. Mag., Tab. 8783, 1918. 

*Tetragonia expansa, Murr. New Zealand Spinach. Alien. 8. 
A single plant growing in shingle near Marazion Station, 191 1, 
Davey, B.E.C., 1912, p. 162; R.I.C., 1913, p. 225. 



UMBELLIFER/E. 

Eryngium maritimum, Linn. 

1. Introduced as a garden plant, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

E. campestre, Linn. 

3. " Par, Tellam " (Flora). Large and increasing patch at 
the harbour; one plant on the sands, 1920, Medlin. 

Sanicuia europaea, Linn. 

3. Duporth; Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Pare Behan plantation, Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Degibna Wood near Helston, 1914, Thurston. 



62 UMBELLIFER^E. 

Danaa cornubiensis, Bumat. 

2. St. Mellion, Hawk, R./.C., /9//, p. 

3. Roadside hedge near St. Pinnock; Penventon, Braddock, 
Lobb. Callywith Wood, 1 J/2 mile E. of Bodmin, Salisbury. 

4. Wood near Grogley between Wadebridge and Bodmin, 
Salisbury. Ruthern Bridge, Withiel, 1907, H. Groves and C. C. 
Vigurs, B.E.C., 1908, p. 377. 

Conium maculatum, Linn. 

5. Very tall plants, St. Merryn, 1 91 8, Thurston. 

6. Ruan High Lanes near Ruan LaniKorne, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Buscaverran, Crowan, Tresidder. 

8. " Hayle " (Flora). Hayle Towans (sand-dunes), 1913, Rees. 

*Bupleurum lancifolium, Hornem; protractum, H. & L. Alien. 
Cornfield weed of the Mediterranean region," Dunn. 3. 
Highways, Tywardreath, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, 
p. 108. 

Apium graveolens, Linn. 

3. Seaton Valley; end of Warren road, Polperro, Mrs. and 
H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

A. nodiflorum, Reichb. fil. 

Called Pepper Case at Padstow. 

A. inundatum, Reichb. fil. 
3. Penwithick, Tresidder. 

5. Trevella, St. Erme, Tresidder. 

6. Pond between Constantine and Mawnansmith, very 
luxuriant, 1914, Thurston. 

7. " Mullion, Cunnack " (Flora). Pond near Penhale, Lizard 
road, 1914, Thurston. Blue Pool, Crowan, Tresidder. 

8. Gulval Downs; Trevegan Downs near St. Just, 1921, W. 
Watson. Porthgwarra, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 380. 

Ammi majus, Linn. 3. " Casual at Par, 1902 " (Flora). Seen 
there in 1914. Vigurs. Ballast-heap, Charlestown. 1921, 
Tresidder. 

Carum verticillatum, Koch. 
1. Tamerton, 1918, Harvey. 



UMBELLIFEIUE. 63 

C. Petroselinum, Benth. & Hook. fil. 

6. Portloe near Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

C. segetum, Benth. & Hook. fil. 

I. St. Clether, 1908, Harvey. 

3. Cheesewring, 1905, Harvey. Duporth; Charlestown, 
Tresidder. 

4. Blisland, 1908, Harvey. 

5. Goonhavern; Reen Farm. Ferranzabuloe, Tresidder, R./.C., 
79/7, p. 381. Callestick, 1912, Rilstone., 

C. Carvi, Linn. 

I. One plant at Crumple horn, Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. M. 

Perry coste. 
5. Perranporth, Tresidder. 

Sison Amomum, Linn. 

3. Tywardreath; Charlestown; Tregrehan, St. Austell, 
Tresidder. 

4. St. Minver, Smith-Pearse, R./.C., 7977, p. 381. " Penton 
Gleze " (Pentire Glaze, St. Minver), Rev. H. E. Fox, B.E.C., 
7970, p. 566; R.I. C., 7977, p. 381. 

*Falcaria vulgaris, Bernh. (Prionitis Falcaria, Dum). Alien. 
" South-east of Europe," Dunn. 3. Par Harbour, 1908, 
Vigurs; 1915, Thurston. 

Slum erectum, Huds. 

5. Tresean, Cubert, Rilstone, R./.C., 7977, p. 381. Lower down 
the valley near Treago Mill, Crantock, Vigurs. 

*Pimpinella Saxifraga, Linn. Dwarf form. 

1. Boscastle Cliffs, 1915, Vigurs. 

5. Near Stepper Point, Padstow, 1918, Thurston. 

7. Kynance Downs, Vigurs. 

Chaerophyllum temulum, Linn. 

"Very rare in divisions 7 & 8 " (Flora). 

7. Helston, Davey, Tent. List. 

8. Penders Meadow near Lelant Church, 1915, Rees. 
Marazion, Davey, Tent. List. 



64 UMBELLIFER/E. 

Scandix Pecten-Veneris, Linn. 

3. " Par " (Flora). Par Harbour; potato field and grass land 
Par Moor, 1922, Medlin. Charlestown, 1916, Rilstone. 

5. Gilbert, Vigurs. Trevail and Tresean, Cubert, 1918, Taylor. 
Camborne, 1854, Herb. Penzance Museum. 

6. Boscawen Park, Truro, Arnett. 

7. Hingey, Gunwalloe, 1916, Tresidder. 

Anthriscus vulgaris, Bernh. 
3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Holywell Bay, 1916, Thurston. Hayle Towans (sand-dunes), 
1912, Davey. 

6. One plant in a newly made hedge at Perran-ar-worthal, 
1912, Davey. 

A. sylvestris, Hoffm. 

5. Peculiarly rare in Newquay district; seen only in two places, 
Vigurs. 

*<4. Cerefolium, Hoffm. (Cerefolium sativum, Bess). Alien. 
" Long cultivated in England under the name of Chervil, and 
now surviving near gardens," Dunn. 5. A few plants in 
waste-ground, and in garden of Falcon Inn, St. Mawgan-in- 
Pydar, 1912, Vigurs, R./.C., 1913, p. 226. 6. Newly made 
garden hedge, Perranwell, 1912, Davey, R./.C., 1913, p. 226. 
Waste-ground between Truro and Malpas, 1917, Miss A. B. 
Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 109. 

Foenicuium vulgare, Mill. 

1. Tamerton; Bude, 1918, Harvey. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Rock, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 381. 

6., Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. Probus village, Tresidder, 

R./.C., 1911, p. 381. 
8. Gulval, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

QEnanthe pimpinelloides, Linn. 

3. "Trelawney Marsh " (Flora). This should be referred to 

(E. Lachenalii, F. H. Perrycoste. 
8. " Near Marazion " (Flora). Coast at Venton Farm, Mara- 

zion, 1921, Rees. 



UMBELLIFER/E. 65 

*(E, Lachenalii, C. Gmel. var. approximata (Merat) . 

5. Newquay, Druce. "The type has bipinnatisect radical leaves 
with obovate ' incises-crenules ' segments. The var. has pin- 
natisect radical leaves, the trifid segments of which are 
" cuneiformes-obtus." B.E.C., 1917, p. 31. 

"Caucus gummifer, Link. var. intermedium, Corb. 

6. Sea Cliffs near Mevagissey, 1919, White. * The plants from 
this East Cornwall locality correspond with those gathered by 
me at Bedruthan near Newquay on the west side of the County 
in 1912. . . I have noticed that the mature umbels are as 
a rule flat, and only occasionally convex." B.E.C., 1919, p 
821. See also Journ. Bot., 1911, f>. 364; 1917, p. 320. 

Gaucaiis latifolia, Linn. 

3. Par Harbour, Vigurs, R.I.C., 1911, p. 381; 1914, Miss A. B 
Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 109. 

5. Old garden ground, Reen Farm, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder, 
R.I.C., 1911, p. 381. 

6. Ponsanooth, Miss E. Blackett, ibid. Falmouth Docks, 1914, 
Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1916, p. 488. 

C, daucoides, Linn. 

3. " Par, 1902-7 " (Flora). Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 
6. kt Falmouth Docks, 1901-4 " (Flora). Still there in 1917, Miss 

A. B. Cobbe. Beach outside docks, 1917, Thurston. 

C. arvensis, Huds. (Torilis infesta, Spreng) . 

4. East Cornwall, Hart Smith, Top. Bot. 1883 (Flora). The Rev. 
T. N. H. Smith-Pearse (Hart Smith) writes: " I was staying 
with Darell at Trewornan in St. Minver, and found two plants 
in a cornfield by the Camel, after the corn was cut. I have 
often wondered if it was a bit of C. Anthriscus cut down in 
the reaping, and so like low growing infesta, as we then 
named it. But I can hardly think so, as I had no doubt at 
the time, and Watson confirmed it. It must have come as 
seed with the corn." 

C. nodosa, Scop. 

4. Pentire, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R.I.C., 1911, p. 381. 

5. St. Agnes, 1912, Rilstone. Cultivated field, Phillack, Rees. 



66 CORNACE/E CAPRIFOLIACE/E. 

CORNACE/E. 

*Cornus stoloni/era, Michx. Alien. " Native in wet places in 
the Northern States of North America, much grown for orna- 
ment in Britain, readily establishing itself, and several times 
observed as an escape from cultivation," Dunn. Several 
plants on bank of stream near Callestick, 1916, Rilstone, 
B.E.C., /9/6, p. 488. 

CAPRIFOLIACE/E. 

Adoxa Moschatellina, Linn. 

3. Marsh below Sowden's Bridge, Trelawney river, 1918, 
H. M. M. and W. B. C. Perrycoste. Restormel, and roadside 
hedges round Lostwithiel, 1920, Harvey. 

4. Common round Carnelford, Tresicider. Lane between 
Wadebridge road and St. Teath; lane near Lemail Farm, St. 
Mabyn, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Lawry's Mill, St. Mawgan-in-Pydar, about 1900, Miss B. 
Martyn. 

Sambucus nigra, Linn. var. laciniata, Mill. 

3. * Tree between Doublebois and St. Neot " (Flora). Tree 
grown from cutting in garden of Mr. R. Pease at Lostwithiel, 
1920, Thurston. 

5. Camborne, Bunney. 

S, EblllUS, Linn. 

3 " Polperro " (Flora). The solitary site is Head o' Ditch, F. 
H. Perrycoste. 

Viburnum Opulus, Linn. 

1. Near Tregune Mill, Warbstow, 1915, Vigurs. 

2. Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., /9//, p. 381. 

3. Yearl's Coombe, Trelawney river, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry- 
coste. Marsh, Lostwithiel. 1920. Thurston. 

5. Hendra, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder, R./.C., /9//, p. 381. 
8. Gurlyn Woods near Relubbus, 4 miles E. of Marazion, 1922, 
Rees. 

Lonicera Caprifolium, Linn. 5. Chyverton Wood, 1916, 
Thurston. 

Leycesteria formosa, Wallich. 3. Par Harbour, 1914, Vigurs. 



RUBIACE/E. 67 

RUBIACE/E. 

Rubia peregrina, Linn. 

3. Talland; Lansallos; Lanivet, all on or near cliffs, Mrs and 
H. M. M. Perry coste. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Phillack, 1913, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

6. Mylor Churchtown; Trefusis, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. 
Watson. 

7. Kennack Sands, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. Pradannack Downs, 
1914, Thurston. 

8. Field by St. Erth Station; lane near Pra Sands, 191 1, Davey. 
Near Ludgvan; Lamorna Cove, 1913, Miss M. Cobbe. Porth- 
gwarra, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 79/7, p. 381. 

Galium Cruciata, Scop. 

3. Patch between railway and river above the railway station, 
Lostwithiel, possibly a railway immigrant, 1920, Harvey and 
Thurston. A few plants in field hedge, Charlestown, 1920, 
Tresidder. One plant, Par Harbour, 1920, Medlin. Pre- 
viously recorded with certainty only from Portquin. 

G. Mollugo, Linn, var. insubricum (Gaud). 
S. Carbis Bay; St. Ives, Rees. 

Hybrid. G. Mollugo x verum. 

2. Roadside, Tregantle Fort, with both parents, 1919, 
Rilstone. 

5. Newquay, Vigurs. Stampes, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

G. palustre, Linn. var. elongatum (Presl). 

5. Trewerrey, Newlyn East, Rogers. 

G. uliginosum, Linn. 

3. Railway-bank near Par Sands, 1919, Rilstone. 

G. tricorne, Stokes. 

3. " Par. 1902 " (Flora). Par Harbour, 1919, Rilstone. Ballast- 
heap, Charlestown, 1920. Tresidder. 

6. " Falmouth Docks, 1902 " (Flora). Seen there in 1917, Miss 
M. Cobbe. 



68 RUBIACE/E VALERIANACE/E. 

Asperula odorata, Linn. 

3. Portlooe near West Looe, Miss C. Grigg. St. Blazey Gate; 
Holmbush, St. Austell, Medlin. 

5. Two Burrow Hill, St. Allen, Tresidder. 

6. Kenwyn Churchyard, Foott. 

8. Tregavara and Boscathnoe lane, Penzance, Rees. 

A. arvensis, Linn. 3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1915, 
Tresidder. 



VALERIANACE/E. 

Valerian a officinalis, Linn. 

4. Wadebridge-Camelford road, near Pengenna Camp, 1915, 

Thurston. 
8. Carbis Bay, 1912, Rees. 

Kentranthus ruber, DC. 

Also known as Blooming Bess, Bouncing Bet, Pride of Fowey 
and other places. 

2. Saltash, with white flowers, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. 
Watson. 

3. St. Germans, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. Pol- 
perro, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

6. Port Holland, 1913, Thurston. Mylor quarry, 1921, R. L. 

Smith and W. D. Watson. 
8. Gwinear, with white flowers; Ludgvan, 1921, R. L. Smith 

and W. D. Watson. 

Valerianella eriocarpa, Desv. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 

V. carinata, Loisel. 

The first record (Flora) should read : Ley, B.E.C., 1876. 

6. Garden wall, Mylor Bridge, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. 

7. Gweek Bridge, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Lelant, 1912, Thurston. 



DIPSACEjE COMPOSITE. 69 

V. rimosa, Bast. 

4. Castle Killibury, Vigurs. 

7. One of the plants collected by the Rev. E. S. Marshall in a 
cornfield between Cury and Gunwalloe had hairy fruit 
analagous to V. dentata, var. mixta. Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 756. 

V. dentata, Poll. 

1. Field near iMillook; Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

2. Pillaton, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 381. 

3. Par, 1914, Vigurs. 

6. Very an, 1913, Thurston. 

DIPSACE/E. 

Dipsacus sylvestris, Huds. 

3. Talland, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Ballast-heap, 
Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Porth; East Pentire, and elsewhere round Newquay, Vigurs. 
Abundant on slope of hill, Holywell Bay, 1916, Thurston. 

S. Shore between Penzance and Newlyn, 1921, Thurston. 

"Scabiosa Succisa, Linn, var hispidula, Peterm. 

5. East Pentire, Newquay (approaching var. hispidula), 1914, 
Vigurs, B.E.C., 1915, p. 350. 

7. A strongly hairy plant, Kynance, Dr. Ostenfeld, under the 
name Succisa prcemorsa, Gil. var. hispidula, Peterm. New 
PhyL, 1912, p. 120; B.E.C., 1912, p. 163. 

S. Columbaria, Linn. 

3. Lane, Polmear near Par, 1920, Medlin. 

COMPQSIT/E. 

Eupatorium cannabinum, Linn. 

Also known as the Virgin Mary. 

7. Plant at the Lizard with undivided leaves, probably not 
the var. indivisa, DC." Druce, New Phyt., 1911, p. 314. 

Grindelia squarrosa, Dunal. 3. ** Casual at Par, 1901-2 
(Flora). Several plants at the harbour, 1917, but disappeared 
in 1920, Thurston. 



70 COMPOSITE. 

Solidago Virgaurea, Linn. 

7. "A very dwarfed form with sub-capitate inflorescence, 
with leaves varying considerably in width, and the outer 
florets scarcely as large as in cambrica, on the Lizard Downs." 
New Phyt., 1911, p. 314. 

*S. lanceolata, Linn. Alien. Garden origin. 5. A small 
colony remote from houses on roadside near Perranzabuloe for 
the last twelve years, B.E.C., 1917, p. 110; Miry bottom near 
Penhallow, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. 

Aster salignus, Willd. 

3. Par, 1911, Davey, W.E.C., 1911-12, p. 341. 

A. Tripoiium, Linn. 

2. Salt-marsh, Shillingham, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 381. 

6. Marsh, Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 

7. A single plant, Church Cove, Landewednack, 1914, 
Thurston. 

8. Lelant Marsh, 1914, Rees. Porthgwarra, Rev. H. E. Fox, 
R./.C., 1911, p. 381. 

Var. diSCOldeuS, Syme. 

3. Par, 1919, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

4. Egloshayle Marsh; mud-flat, Wadebridge, 1918, Thurston. 

5. Dennis Cove, Padstow, 1918, Thurston. 

*Var. giaber, Bolzon. 

6. Near Veryan, Thurston. ' The involucral scales quite 
glabrous, not quite typical." B.E.C., 1915, p. 199. 

'"Helianthus tuberosus, Linn. Jerusalem Artichoke. Alien. 
Quite common as an outcast at Newquay, Par, and other 
places, Vigurs. 

Erigeron acre, Linn. 

4. Rock, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C.. 79/7, p. 381. 

8. Hedge near St. Ives, 1916, Hosking. 

Filago germanica, Linn. 

3. " Charlestown " (Flora). Very large plants on ballast- 
heap, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 

6. Smothering a field, Pennare Farm near Veryan, 1913, 
Thurston. 

7. Near Mullion Cove, 1914, Thurston. 



COMPOSIT/E. 71 

F. minima, Fr. 

3. Charlestown; Starrick Moor, St. Austell, R./.C., /9//, p. 
381 ; London Apprentice, near St. Austell, Tresidder. 

Antennaria dioica, Gaertn. 

5. '* North of Zelah " (Flora). The locality is Nathaniels. 
Polgoda Down, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder, R./.C., /9//, f>. 
381. Railway embankment near Angarrack viaduct, Hayle, 
1917, Rees. A curious habitat for this plant, C. C. Vigurs. 

Gnaphalium uliginosum, Linn. var. pilulare (Wahl). Koch. 
7. Mullion, Miss Todd, B.E.C., 1920, p. 128. 

Inula Helenium, Linn. 

1. Stream, Mere Lake, Bude, 1915, Harvey. 
7. Farm on hill above Cadgwith, 1893 and 1917, Mrs. 
Perrycoste. 

I. squarrosa, Bemh. 

1. Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

4. Trevisquite Manor, St. Mabyn, Tresidder. 

5. East Wheal Rose and Legonna, Newlyr East, and many 
ot^er places in Newquay district, Vigurs. Porth To wan, 
Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 381. 

6. Near Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

I. crithmoides, Linn. 

5. St. Agnes Head, Rilstone. 

Xanthium spinosum, Linn. 4. Wadebridge, 1911, Borlase, 

>: ''X. orientale, Linn. Alien. China, Japan, Ceylon. 3. Par, 
1909, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1914, p. 15. 

*X. Strumarium, Linn. Alien. * Widely spread in all parts 
of the World," Dunn. 3. Par Harbour, Vigurs, R./.C., 1911. 
p. 381. 

Ambrosia trifida, Linn. 6. Fowl-run, Falmouth Docks, 1917, 
Wise and Smith-Pearse. 

*A. tenuifolia, Gren. & Godr. Alien. I. Sandy field, Phillack, 
with other introduced plants, 1915, Rees. 

A. artemisicefolia. Linn. 3. " Par, Hume " (Flora). Par 
Harbour, 1921, Mrs. Perrycoste. 



72 COMPOSITE. 

Bidens cernua, Linn. 

3. Bogga Mill, Lanreath, 1914 et sq, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. 

B. tripartita, Linn. 

1 . Exe Farm, Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

2. Cadson in the Notter Valley, 191 1 , Miss Hambly. 

3. Roadside, Trenean near Hessenford; Sandplace, abundant, 
1913, et sq, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

5. Rejerrah, Newlyn East, 1916; damp meadow adjoining 
Bolingey Moor near Perranporth, Rilstone, R./.C., 1911, p. 
381. 

6. Pond, Tregoney, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Poldhu, 1916, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Gunwalloe 
Valley, 1914, Tresidder. 

*Hemizonia pungens, Torrey & Gray. Alien. United States. 
3. Par Harbour, 1917, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1917, p. 111. 

' Lonas annua (Linn), comb. nov. L. inodora, Gaertn. Fr. II., 
396. Atanasia annua, L. sp. PI. II., 1182, 1763. Alien. 6. 
Waste-ground between Truro and Malpas outside Boscawen 
Park, which contains many foreign plants, Rilstone, B.E.C., 
1918, p. 287. 

"Achillea Millefolium, Linn, var. lanata, Koch. 

5. Some plants, hardly recognisable as Millefoil, at Newquay in 
the dry season, 1921, Vigurs. 

A. Ptarmica, Linn 

1 . Otterham, Davidstow, and St. Gennys parishes, abundant, 
Vigurs. 

2. Pillaton, common, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 381. 

3. Trenean Marsh near Hessenford; by Trelawney river below 
Sowden's Bridge, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

8. Marazion Marsh, Rees. 

A. nobilis, Linn. *' Colony of about 20 plants at Par, 1902 
(Flora). Flourishing at the harbour, 1920. ' The odour when 
fresh is distinctly a mixture of the odours of A. Millefolium 
and Tanacetum vulgare, with the tansy smell predominant." 
Rilstone, B.E.C., 1917, p. 229. 



COMPOSITE. 73 

Diotis maritima, Cass. 

Cited in the Flora as extinct. 

3. A single plant in flower, Par Sands, 1915, Wise and 
Thurston, Journ. Bot., 1915, p. 281 . Mispiint therein " Par 
Sands " for Pra Sands, quoting from Davey's Flora. Several 
small plants, 1920, Thurston. 

8. Land's End district, Hosking, B.E.C., 1916, p. 490. Mr. 
Hosking prefers to keep the exact locality secret, but has 
sent me excellent specimens every year since 1916, C. C. 
Vigurs. The plant was seen in the same locality by the 
Rev. F. Granville May and the Rev. (afterwards Bishop) 
J. Hannington, in 1877. E. Thurston. 

Anthemis arvensis, Linn. 

2. Pillaton, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 381. 

3. Polperro, frequent, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Par 
Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe and F. Rilstone. 

4. Camelford railway station, 1915, Wise. 

6. Greeriwith, Perran-ar-worthal, 1912, Davey. 

Chrysanthemum segetum, Linn 

Called Gajah (Cornish Celtic for daisy) in Breage parish, W. 
Tresidder. See also C. Leucantheinum. (Flora). 

1. St. Clether, 1908, Harvey. 

2. Pillaton; near Clapper Bridge, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 381. 

3. Cheese wring, 1905, Harvey. Abundant in a field near 
Dozmary Pool, 1915, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

4. Blisland, 1908, Harvey. Harlyn Bay, Miss C. E. Larter, 
R./.C., 1911, p. 381. 

8. St. Erth; St. Ives. " June-October " (Flora). In flower 
annually, St. Ives, at Christmas, Thurston. 

*C. coronarium, Linn. Alien. 5. A few plants (garden 
escape) on railway, Newquay, Vigurs. 

*C. lacustre, Brot. (latifolium, DC). Alien. 7, Penrose, Druce, 
B.E.C., 1912, p. 164. 

*C. maximum, DC. Alien. 5. A large and increasing patch, 
which has ousted all other vegetation, at Watergate, Mawgan- 
in-Pydar, 1913, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1913, p. 473; 1914, p. 16. 



74 COMPOSIT/E. 

Matricaria inodora, Linn. 

2. Pillaton, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 382. 

6. Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R.I.C., 1911, p. 382. 

8. St. Ives, 1912, Thurston. 

Var. salina, Bab. 

3. Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

6. Sea-coast, Mevagissey, 1919, White, E.E.C., 79/9, p. 523. 

M, Chamomilla, Linn. 

3. Looe dust-heaps, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
Charlestown, Tresidder. 

6. Bissoe, Kea, Davey, R.I.C., 1911, p. 382. Fowl-run, Fal- 
mouth Docks, 1917, Thurston. 

M. SUaveOlens, Buchenau. 

Recorded from many localities 'in every division of the County. 
The rapid advance of this American species throughout 
Britain is most remarkable. It follows the roads, and may owe 
its origin in many cases (as Juncus teniiis probably does) to 
American fodder or corn." New Phyt., 1911 , p. 314. It also 
seems to have been, in its early progress, specially connected 
with fowl-runs, Vigurs. 

It has been found near the lighthouse under Herma Ness. Shet- 
land, the most northern point of the British Isles. Druce, 
B.E.C., 1920, p. 130. 

Santolina Chamcs-Cyparissus, Linn. 4. Rock Sandhills, 
Boyden, W.E.C., 1911-12, p. 342. 

Artemisia Absinthium, Linn. 

1. Plentiful by St. Gennys Church, 1919, Smith-Pearse. 

4. Trevisquite, St. Mabyn, Tresidder. 

5. Abundant at Penrose near St. Ervan, 1918, Thurston. St. 
Agnes, 1912, Rilstone. 

*A. biennis, Willd. Alien. North America. 3. Par, Druce, 
Journ. Bot., 1910, p. 56; R./.C., 1911, p. 382. 

Petasites ovatus, Hill 

Commonly known as Wild Rhubarb. 
1. Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 



COMPOSITVE. 75 

3. Near Lanteglos Church, Tresidder. Grass land between 
Lostwithiel and Restormel, 1920, Thurston. 

4. ' Probably near Sportsman's Arms, Camelford, Vigurs 
(Flora). Pig patch in flower on roadside, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Trevella, Crantock, Tresidder. 

6. ' Veryan churchyard " (Flora). Pond below churchyard, 
1913, Thurston. 

8. In hedge of cultivated field, Penzance, 1921, Thurston. 

Doromcum Pardalianches, Linn. 6. One plant in quarry, 
Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

Senecio sylvaticus, Linn. 

2. Higher Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., 797 /, p. 382. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Pentire, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, loc. cit. 

6. Near Veryan, 1913, Thurston. North of Grampcund, 
Vigurs. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, loc. cit. 

5. viscosus, Linn. 3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1921, Tresidder. 

*S. SqualidUS, Linn. Oxford Ragwort. Casual. 
Recorded as a probable error in the Flora, but now included. 
Probably a native of Sicily. It is supposed to have been 

introduced into the Oxford Botanical Gardens, and to have 

spread from there." Dunn. 
3. Par Harbour, 1914, Vigurs. Par Harbour, and along the 

railway near St. Blazey Station, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 

7977, p. 772. 

S. erucifolius, Linn. 

1. Roadside near Poundstock, 1915, Thurston. Week St. 

Mary, Tresidder. Near Hentervain, St. Gennys, Vigurs. 
3. One or two plants at Pennyland, West Looe, for several 

years, Adams; missing in 191_7, Mrs Perrycoste. 
7. " Patch on Lizard road, Bochym " (Flora). The precise 

spot is at Clahar stream, more than a mile from Bochym, 

near a bridge with iron rails, Davey. 

S. Jacobaea, Linn. var. discoideus, Linn. 

5. Wheal Butson, St. Agnes. 1915, Rilstone. 



76 COMPOSITE. 

S. aquaticus, Hill. var. pennatifidus, Gren. & Godr. 

5. Penhallow Moor, Newlyn East; Quintrell Downs; near 
Crantock Plains, Vigurs. 

S. Cineraria, DC. 

3. Naturalised on old wall near St. Austell, Tresidder. 

5. Railway embankment near Angarrack viaduct, Hayle, Rees. 

Hybrid. S. Cineraria x Jacobaea. 

5 " Slopes above Newquay harbour, Pugsley " (Flora). Har- 
bour Cliffs, and Fly Cove, Newquay, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1913, p. 
474. 

Carlina vulgaris, Linn. 

1. Efford Down, Bude, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Gribbin Head, Medlin. Bodmin Road Station, 1918, 

Harvey. 
5. Cosworth Downs, Colan. Vigurs. 

7. Kennack Sands, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. Carbis Bay, 1912, Thurston. 

Arctium ma jus, Bernh. 

3. Polmear near Par, Medlin. 

A. nemorosum, Lej. 

3. Gribbin Head, Medlin. 

*A. minus, Bernh. var. purpurascens, Blytt. 

4. Between St. Minver and Polzeath 1907, Herb. C. Buckriall, 
R./.C., 1913, p. 228. 

'''Echinops lanatus, Steph. ex DC. Alien. Garden origin. 1 . 
Morwenstow, 1918, Tresidder. 

Carduus pycnocephalus, Linn. var. tenuiflorus (Curt) . 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

A small form occurs at Par Harbour and Kennack Sands, 
Thurston. 

C. crispus, Linn. var. acanthotdes (Linn) . 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1922, Tresidder. Mr. C. E. 
Salmon writes : ** With its large solitary heads, and non- 
cottony undersides to leaves, this seems to be var. acanthoides, 
but in ballast-heaps one is not sure. The peduncles are re- 
markably spinous." 



COMPOSITE. 77 

C. nutans, Linn. 

1 . Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

2. Pillaton, common, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 382. 

3. Gribbin Head, Medlin. 

4. Castle Killibury, 1913, Thurston. 

5. Fields between Hayle and Phillack, 1915, Rees. 

6. Near Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. Tresillian; Gram- 
pound Road; Probus, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 382. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, ibid. 

8. On flats between* Hayle and Phillack church, 1921, R. L. 
Smith and W. D. Watson. Near Sennen Board School, Rees. 

*C. hamulosus, Ehrh. Alien. S.E. Europe. 3. Par, 1913, 
Daltry, B.E.C., 1913, p. 327. 

*C. nigrescens, Vill. Alien. Europe. One large plant at 
Par, 1913, Vigurs. 

Silybum Marianum, Gaertn. 

3. Criijnis, one plant, 1915-20, Medlin. 
5. Blowing House, St. Agnes, Tresidder. 

Carthamus lanatus, Linn. 3. Par Harbour, 1912, Vigurs. Two 
plants there, 1920, Medlin. 

*C. tinctorius, Linn. Alien. 3. Looe dust-heaps, 1919, 

Thurston. Highways, Tywardreath, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe, 

B.E.C.. 1917, p. 113. 6. Waste-ground outside Boscawen 
Park, Truro, 1922, Borlase. 

Centaurea nigra, Linn. var. decipiens (Thuill). 

4. Pentire and Polzeath, St. Minver, Rev. H E. Fox, R./.C., 
1911, p. 382. 

:: Var. radiata, Koch. 

3. Polperro, 1917, Rilstone. Bodelva near St. Blazey; Par 
Harbour, 1921, Medlin. 

5. Metha Wood, Newlyn East, 1914, Vigurs. 
7. Kynance Downs, 1912, Vigurs. 



78 COMPOSITE. 

C. Scabiosa, Linn. 

4. Polzeath, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 79/7, p. 382. 
6. Newham railway, 1911, Foott. 

8. Plentiful about Penzance, Rees. 

C. Cyanus, Linn. 

1. Bude, single plant, 1916, Wise. 

2. Penrest, Lezant, Tresidder. 

3. Doubletrees, Par. About a dozen plants in a field of Crim- 
son Clover, 1922, Medlin. 

5. Cornfield, Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, 1913, Rilstone. 

6. Falmouth Docks, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

8. " Casual, Penzance " (Flora). Cornfield, Trevaylor near 

Penzance, 1914, Rees. 
Very rare in cornfields in Cornwall. 

C. Calcitrapa, Linn. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1922, Tresidder. 
5. Cargoll, Newlyn East, Tresidder. 

C. solstitialis, Linn. 

3. Near Liskeard, 1909, Clarke. 

5. Railway-bank, Perranwell, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 
Phillack Towans (sand-dunes), 1915, Rees. 

C. melitensis, Linn. 3. " Par, 1908 " (Flora). In good quan- 
tity at the harbour, 1914, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1914, p. 148; Miss 
M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 113. Not a common plant in 
Malta, Vigurs. 6. Waste-heap, Penryn, 1921, Tresidder. 

*C. aspera, Linn (C. Isnardi, Linn). Alien. Mediterranean. 3. 
Par, 1911, Davey, R.I.C., 1913, p. 226. Also recorded from 
there by Druce, B.E.C., 1913, p. 388. 

Gichorium Intybus, Linn. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Pentire, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 79/7. *> 382. 

5. Abundant in the neighbourhood of Crantock. Vigurs. 
Gwithian. abundant. 1921. R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

6. Mylor Bridge, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

7. Porthoustock, Rev. H. E. Fox. loc. cit. 

8. Frequent- in meadows by roadside from Marazion to Pra 
Sands! 1911, Davey. 



COMPOSITE. 79 

Picris hieracioides, Linn. 

3. Par, frequent, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 382. Par Harbour, 
1921, Medlin. 

5. Porth four-turnings, 1915, Vigurs. Trevemper, Crantock; 
Hendravossan and Reen Farm, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder, loc. 
cit. Wall of field near railway station, Perranporth, 1916, 
Thurston. 

7. Coverack, rather common, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, 
.p. 382. 

P. echioides, Linn. 

4. Pond between St. Endellion and St. Minver, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Gwithian, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

8. Breage, Tresidder. Pra Sands, Davey. 

Crepis taraxacifoiia, Thuill. 
3. Seaton, Miss C. P. Foster. 

5. Side of railway from Mount Hawke to Perranporth, 1911, 
Davey. 

6. Ruan Lanihome, 1913, Thurston. Falmouth Docks, abun- 
dant, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 382. 

7. Mullion, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

8. St. Ives, 1912, Thurston. 

* This plant is increasing in Cornwall at an alarming rate, and 
becoming a troublesome weed. Ten or twelve years ago it 
was one of the rarer species of the Newquay district; this 
past summer I saw several hayfields near the railway station, 
in which this was almost the dominant plant." C. C. Vigurs, 
R.I.C., 19 JJ , p. 382. ' The advent and spreading of Crepis 
taraxacifoiia has driven out to some extent the once ubiquitous 
C. capillaris, just as Veronica Tournefortii has reduced the 
numbers of V. agrestis." B.E.C., 1914, p. 33. 

*Var. integrifolia, Druce, ined. 

3. Biscovey near St. Blazey Gate, 1921, Medlin. A curious form 
or variety with entire leaves. 

C. capillaris, Wallr. 

5. Near Newquay. mimicking C. taraxacifoiia. 1915, C. C. 
Vigurs. Mr. C. E. Salmon was of opinion that it was " a 
strong form of capillaris, probably coming under car. runci- 
natus, Bisch." B.E.C., 1915, pp. 353-4. 



80 COMPOSITE. 

*Var. diffusa (DC). 

3. River-bank, Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. 

C. biennis, Linn. 

3. Par, Druce, Journ. Bot., 1911, p. 303. 

*Lagoseris nemausensis (Gouan) Koch. (Pterotheca sancta, 
Koch). Alien. South Europe. 3. Ballast-heap, Charles- 
town, 1920, Tresidder, B.E.C., 1920, p. 27. Recorded from 
coal ash refuse, Millbay Pier, Devon, 1875, Briggs in Herb. 
Watson. See B.E.C., 1916, p. 419. 

"Hieracium Peleterianum, Merat. 

5. Road to Prideaux House, Padstow, 1919, Mrs. Wedgwood. 
In B.E.C., 1919, p. 664, the locality is given as " near Wade- 
bridge." 

6. Blackwater, Scorrier, 1920, Vigurs. 

H. aurantiacum, Linn. 

1. Otterham, 1916, Smith-Pearse. 

3. Abundant in St. Winnow churchyard, 1920, Thurston. St. 

Blazey Gate, Tresidder. 
5. Goonbell near St. Agnes, Rilstone. 
The records require revision. 

*H. brunnO-CrOCeum, Pugsley, Journ. Bot., March, 1921. 

5. Newlyn East, Reid, 1903, loc. cit. Newlyn East churchyard, 
Wyatt (Flora). Both records as H. aurantiacum. 

Mr. Pugsley (loc, cit) divides H. aurantiacum into two distinct 
species, viz. : (a) a broad-leaved form with underground 
stolons, from Scotland and the North of England the 
Linnaean type; (b) a narrow-leaved form with leafy stolons, 
frequent in southern gardens, which he describes as a new 
species, H. brunno-croceum. 

*H. silvaticum, W T . & N. 
Var. microcladium, Dahlst. 

3. Doublebois railway station, 1920, Harvey. 

Var. pellucidum? Laestad. 

2. Wall, Upton churchyard, close to Cheesewring railway, 
1920, Harvey. 



COMPOSITE. 81 

H. vulgatum, Fr. 

1. G.W.R. goods-station, Launceston, 1917, Wise. 

*Var. sciaphilum (Uechtr) . 

3. Wall close to St. Austell railway station, 1917, Tresidder. 

Hypochoeris glabra, Linn. 

3. Par, 1911, Davey. 

*H. radicata, Linn, var. minor, Schultz & Bip. 

4. Pentire, St. Minver, 1919, Smith-Pearse. 

H. macuiata, Linn. 

7. " Lizard " (Flora). Abundant among boulders en Kynance 
Downs, Thurston. * The Lizard specimens are similar 
(though not so large as yours) to those from Humphrey Head, 
Lancashire, and are the var. pinnatifida, Weiss (1895) = var. 
Malleri, Lange (1864)." Arthur Bennett in letter to F. H. 
Davey. 

"Leontodon nudicaule, Banks & Soland. var. leiolena, Druce. 

7. "At the Lizard this was the common plant," Druce, New 
Phyt., 1911, p. 315; R.I.C., 1913, p. 228. 'This plant has 
glabrous periclines. I have noticed it in several places in 
Cornwall," Davey. 

L. hispidum, Linn. 

2. West Petherwin. 1920, Wise. 

3. Par Harbour, 1916, Harvey. 

Taraxacum officinale, Weber. 

In Lindman's Svensfc Fanerogam Flora, Dahlstedt describes 99 

species of Dandelion. The records for the Cornish varieties, 

require revision. 

*Var. affine (Jord). 

5. East Pentire. Newquav, 1912, Vigurs, R./.C., 1913, f>. 228. 
Perranporth Sandhills, Davey, ibid. 



82 COMPOSITE. 

T. erythrospermum, Andrz. 

1 . Near Tintagel, Salisbury. 

5. Gannel, Newquay, Vigurs. 

6. Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

T. palustre, DC. 

3. Near Cardinham, Salisbury. 

4. Roche Holy Well, 1912, Vigurs. 

Lactuca virosa, Linn. 

6. Falmouth Docks, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 382. 

L. Serriola, Linn. 3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 

L. muralis, Gaertn. 

J. Several plants in Minster churchyard, 1915, Harvey. Prob- 
ably the seeds were introduced in a wreath sent from outside 
Cornwall. 

Sonchus oleraceus, Linn. var. lacerus, Willd. 

7. " Lizard, Druce, 1906 " (Flora). Seen there by Dr. C. H. 
Ostenfeld, B.E.C., 1918, p. 338. 

*S. asper, Hill, var. laciniatus, Lej. 

6. Falmouth, Druce, B.E.C., 1918, p. 386. 

7. Mullion, 1904, ibid. 

Tragopogon minus, Mill. 

4. Single plant by roadside, Rock, St. Minver, 1915, Thurston. 

T. pratense, Linn. 

1. Poughill, 1906, Harvey. Langford Bridge, four or five 

plants, Tresidder. 
3. Hedge between No Man's Land and Morval Park, 1917, 

Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Polmear near Par, 1920; Par 

Harbour and Sands, 1915-20, Medlin. 
6. Little Falmouth near Flushing, among ruined buildings, 

1917, Thurston. 

8. Lelant side of Hayle ferry; Lelant golf links, 1912, Thurston. 



CAMPANULACE^E. 83 

T. porrifolium, Linn. 

5. " Padstow " (Flora). Abundant in the churchyard, 1918, 
Thurston. 

6. Gerrans, Herb. Salt at Sheffield, teste Arthur Bennett, 
R.I.C., /9//, p. 382. 

CAMPANULACE/E. 

Jasione montana, Linn. 

8. Bank on Land's End road between Trereife and Penzance, 
1921, Thurston. Apparently type, but leaves of rosettes re- 
markably large, H. W. Pugsley in lit. 

Dwarf form. 

5. Grassy, sandy slope near the sea, Porth Towan, 1921, 
Thurston. '* It may be identical with var. maritima, Breb (an 
invalid name), which I have not seen, or with var. nana. 
I think the plant is really intermediate between latifolia and 
littoralis." Pugsley in lit. Other dwarfed plants, which occur 
or. the same slope, are Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum, Ser- 
ratula tinctoria, Hieracium umbellatum, var. curium, and 
Stachys officinalis, var. nana. 

Var. latifolia, Pugsley, Journ. Bot., 1921, p. 215, 
5. Newquay, Pugsley, loc. cit. 
8. St. Ives, ibid. 

Var. littoralis? Fr. 

8. Gurnard's Head, 1912, Thurston. 

Wahlenbergia hederacea, Reich. 

2. Lynher Valley between Newton Ferrers and Pillaton, Hawk, 
R./.C., 1911, p. 382. 

3. Valley from Minions to Upton, 1920, Harvey. Yearl's 
Coombe, Trelawney river, 1912 et sq; Marsh near Trelawney 
Mill, but not found for several years, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perry coste. 

4. Near Grogley between Wadebridge and Bodmin, Salisbury. 

5. " Newquay " (Flora). Delete the record. Barton Moor, 
St. Enoder; Killiers near St. Columb Road Station, Vigurs. 

6. Gillv Bottoms near road from Gwennap to Stithians; near 
Treatheaerue between Stithians and Rame, 1921, R. L. Smith 
and W. D. Watson. 

8. Stream, Zennor, 1912, Thurston. 



84 VACCINIACE/E ERICACE/E. 

Campanula rotund if olia, Linn. 

2. Two plants at New House, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., /9//, p. 
382. 

3. Two or three plants at Par Harbour, 1914, Mrs. and H. 
M. M. Perry coste. 

8. " St. Erth " (Flora). Hayle, Herb. Penzance Museum. 

*C. rapunculoi des, Linn. Alien. 1 . Garden weed, Launceston 
1917, Smith-Pearse. 5. Sandy field, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 

Legousia hybrida, Delarbre. 

3. Cornfield between Talland and Polperro, not seen for many 
years; cornfield, Kilmanorth, Talland parish, 1911, not found 
since, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

5. Field near Cubert Common, 1917-18, Taylor. 

"L. Speculum-Veneris, Linn. (Specularia Speculum, DC). 
Alien. Grain introduction, or garden escape, Dunn. 3. 
Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 



VACCINIACE/E, 

Vaccinium Myrtillus, Linn. 

Not so common as indicated in the Flora. Absent in Newquay 
district; nearest place seven miles, Vigurs. 



ERICACE/E. 

*Caiilina VUlgaris, Hull. var. EHkae, Ascher. & Graebn. 

7. Lizard Downs above Kynance, found by the Phytogeo- 
graphical Excursionists in 1911. A rooting prostrate form 
with descending flowerinsr branches, New Phyt., 191 1 , p. 315; 
R./.C., 1913, p. 228. "Some of the Lizard examples are 
almost as hairy as the plant we have called var. pubescens, 
Koch, the entire surface of the leaves being very densely 
pubescent. Other examples in the same cover are sub- 
glabrous, the margins of the leaves being ciliate. Probably 
both our varieties of Calluna produce this creeping 
state." J. A. Wheldon, B.E.C., 1911 , p. 107. 



ERICACE/E. 85 

&. Land's End, Dr. Church, R.I.C., 1913, p. 228. 

" Dr. Church (Floral Mechanism, 147) describes and figures the 
inflorescence of this variety, which he found at Cape Corn- 
wall, and shows that visiting insects crawl underneath the 
plant, between the flowers, which are turned downward, and 
the ground." B.E.C., 1911, p. 25. 

Erica ciliaris, Linn. 

5. A few plants on roadside near Penwartha House on road 
from Perranporth to Truro, 1921, W. D. Watson. Silverwell 
Moor, 1916, Rilstpne, B.E.C., 1916, p. 577. " Chynhale near 
Perranzabuloe (Chynhale Farm adjoining Tresawsen Moor), 
1911, Syme (E.B., ed. III.) and Bab. (Man.) state that both 
Tetralix and ciliaris have leaves four in a whorl, while cinerea 
has three in a whorl. This distinction does not hold good, at 
least in this locality, where plants of ciliaris with leaves three 
in a whorl were quite frequent." Barton, B.E.C., 1918, p. 508. 






Hybrid Erica ciliaris x Tetralix (E. Watsoni, Benth) . 

5. " Quintrell Downs " (Flora). Delete the record. Mill 
Down, Ventongimps; swamp near Carnkief pond, Perran- 
zabuloe; Silverwell Moor, Rilstorie, B.E.C., 1916, p. 577. 
Chynhale, Barton, B.E.C., 1918, p. 509. 



*E. Tetralix, Linn, sub-var. parviflora, Druce. 

7. Lizard Downs with the type, Druce, B.E.C., 1913, p. 329. 

*E, cinerea, Linn, var. splendens, Druce. 

3. Valley from Minions to Upton, 1920, Harvey. 

5. Newlyn Downs, Vigurs. 

6. Carnon Croft, Kea, Davey. Kea Down, Druce. 

*' A striking form with long and densely flowered inflorescence. 
At Kea Down and Newlyn Downs it also has very large 
flowers. Vigurs, R.I.C., 1913, p. 228. 

'Hybrid. E. Tetralix x vagans (vagans x cinerea, Davey, 
Journ. Bo*., 1910, p. 333; Turrill, KeW Ball, 1911. p. 378; 
R.I.C.. 1911, p. 383. E. Williamsii, Druce, Card. Chron., 2 
Dec., 1911, p. 388.) 

1. Lane between Bochym and Goonhilly Downs. P. D. 

Williams. ' This interesting hybrid was first noticed about 

fifty years ago by the late Mr. Richard Davey, M.P. for West 

Cornwall, but no record appears to have been made of it." 

Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 383. 



86 ERICACE/E. 

" A careful examination of the plant (a solitary bush) and its 
surroundings induced all three botanists (Graebner, Schroeter, 
and Druce) to agree that the hybrid must be E. Tetralix 
vagans and not cinerea x vagans, since the presence of the 
glandular hairs must have come from the former species. 
The longer stamens, the inflorescence, and the habit, sug- 
gested the presence of vagans, both species being in the. 
immediate vicinity." New Phyt., 1911, p. 316. The hybrid 
is established at Kew Gardens. 

Erica vagans, Linn. 

5. Reskajeague Downs between Portreath and Gwinear, 1921, 
R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. Several places on railway 
bank between Gwinear Road and Hayle, 921, Rees. 

E. vagans, Linn, lusus. 

" Mr. P. D. Williams, of Lanarth, Cornwall, kindly sent me last 
September a curious variation of the Cornish heath, which he 
had known for ten years. The cuttings come quite true. It 
never really flowers, but young vegetative shoots are formed 
with tiny clustered leaves 1mm. long. The pecularity may 
be caused by a mite or gall, but Dr. W. G. Smith, to whom 
I sent it, has not seen anything like it. Mr. E. W. Swanton 
has little doubt that a mite causes the abnormality in growth." 
Druce, B.E.C., 1919, p. 569. See also Worsdell, Plant Tera- 
tology, II. , p. 124. 

*Var. kevernensis, Turrill, Kew Bull, No. 5, 1922, pp. 175-6. 

7. A single plant at Trelanvean Farm, St. Keverne, on the north- 
west corner of a rough moor. P. D, Williams. The finder 
took cuttings (which grew), and also layered the plant. In the 
following year the original plant and the layers were trodden 
into the ground by cattle and destroyed. Now growing in Mr. 
Williams' garden at Lanarth, St. Keverne, and at Kew Gardens. 
The new plant differs from the usual form of the species 
in the shape and colour of its corollas, characters which are 
not easy to make out in dried material. The corollas are 
broadly campanulate, with a wide open mouth, and well de- 
veloped, more or less reflexed lobes. The bending back of 
the corolla lobes varies with the age of the flowers, but in 
mature, though not faded, examples, it is decidedly more 
marked than in typical Erica vagans. In colour the fresh corol- 
las are a charming rose-pink with no tinge of purple. . . . 
Examples of reversion to the parent plant have been noticed 
at Kew by Dr. Hill and others." Turrill, loc. cit. 



PLUMBAGINACE/E PRIMULACE/E. 87 

E. lusitanica, Rudulph. Alien. Introduced. 3. Growing 
luxuriantly at Doublebois railway station, and flowering in 
February, 1920, Thurston. 

PLUMBAGINACE4E. 

Limcnium binervosum, C. E. Salmon. 
I. Rocky Valley near Tintagel, 1915, Thurston. 
5. "St. Merryn " (Flora). Covering a stone wall, Constan- 
tine Bay, 1918, Thurston. 

PRIMULACE/E. 

Primula vulgaris, Huds. var. cauiescens, Koch. 

5. Colan, Vigurs. 

P. veris, Linn. 

3. Orchard, Prideaux near St. Blazey, Medlin. 

6. Orchard, Frewortha Hall, Veryan, 1913; a few plants out- 
side Mylor churchyard, 1917, Thurston. 

8. Cliff-path between Lelant and Carbis Bay, 1918, Pegler. 
Gwinear; Hawks Point near Carbis Bay; railway-line, Mara- 
zion, Rees. 

Lysimachia vulgaris, Linn. 

I. iMere Lake, Bude, 1915, Thurston. 

3. A few plants at ** Great Tree " between Hessenford ana 
Looe, Rilstone. Ditch by side of road between Ashen Cross 
and Pelynt, 19! 5 et sq, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Very 
abundant in marsh above bridge over river, Lostwithiei, 1920 
Thurston. St. Blazey, Vigurs. 

7. "Used to grow at Poltesco, but disappeared of late years'* 
(Flora). Abundant near the serpentine factory, Poltesco; 
Poldhu Valley, 1914, Thurston. 

Glaux maritima, Linn. 

3. Polkerris, Medlin. Gravelly beach, Pentewan, 1911, Davey. 

4. Trebarwith Strand, 1915; Egloshayle Marsh, 1918, Thurston. 

6. Mylor Creek, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D Watson. 

7. "Lizard " (Flora). Mouth of streamlet, Caerthillian 
Valley, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Lelant side of Hayle ferry, 1912, Thurston. Pra Sands, 
Tresidder. 



88 PRIMULACE^E. 

Anagallis arvensis, Linn var. carnea (Schrank) . 

5. East Pentire, Newquay, Vigurs. Kelsey Head, Cubert; 
Keen Sands, Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. Rose, Perranza 
buloe, 1912, Rilstone. 



purpurascens. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown; flowers dark purple, like those 
of Geranium phcBum, 1920, Tresidder. B.E.C., 1920, p 33. 

3. Par Harbour, Davey, R./.C., 797 /, p. 384. Penrice House, 
St. Austell, Tresidder. B.E.C., 7920 } p. 33. 

Patches of plants with small pale pink flowers, with type and var. 
cornea, on Pentire Head, Newquay, 1922, Sylvester. 

A. foemina, Mill. 

3. Par Harbour, Davey, R./.C., 79/7, p. 384. Penrice House, 
St. Austell, Tresidder. Near Roche, 1916, Taylor. 

5. Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. 

6. Falmouth (Flora). Fowl-run, Falmouth Docks, 1917, 
Thurston. 

7. St. Keverne. 1911, P. D. Williams. Loe Pool, 1920, Hon. 
Mrs. George Northcote. 



Centunculus minimus, Linn. 

The first record (Flora) should read : Moist places abo'it Pen 
zance, 1774, Herb. Lightfoot, in Banksian Herbarium, 
British Museum. 

3. Bodelva, St. Blazey, Tresidder. Prideaux near St. Blazey; 
Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Medlin. 



Samolus Valerandi, Linn. 

3. Marsh by Trelawney river; marshy field on Hall Farm, 
Pelynt; Tallaiid; Freshwater near Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. 
M. Perrycoste. Cliffs above Lantivet beach, Rilstone. Pen- 
poll Creek, Fowey river, Medlin. 

4. Near Grogley, between Wadebridge and Bodmin, Salisbury. 

7. Clear Stream, Goonhilly Downs, near Bochym, 191.1, 
Davey. 

8. Nanjizal Bay near Land's End. Rev. H. E. Fox. R.I.C.. 
7977, p. 384. Carwin Moor. Rees 



APOCYNACE/E GENTIANACE^E. 89 

OLEACE/E. 

Fraxinus excelsior, Linn. 

8. A fine "Weeping Ash " (var. pendula, Alton) at entrance 
to Love Lane, Penzance, 1922, Thurston. "The Weeping Ash 
is a variety propagated veg. from a single tree, which appeared 
as a sport at Wimpole in Cambridgeshire." Willis, Flowering 
Plants and Ferns, 4th ed., 1919, p. 278. 

"Ligustrum vulgare, Linn. var. or forma prostrata. 

7. Lizard, 1911, Ostenfeld, New Phyt., /9//, p. 317; R.I.C., 
79/3, p. 229. 

APOCYNACE/E. 

Vinca minor, Linn. 

Called Blue Betsy at Whitstone. 

I . W'hitstone, Tresidder. 

3. Trenewan, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

4. Trevibban Barton, Tresidder. 

5. "Newquay ' (Flora). Delete the record. Mithian, 
Rilstone. 

6. St. Stephen-in-Brannel, Medlin. 



GENTIANACE/E. 

Microcala filiform is, HofTm. & Link. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Tresidder. 
5. Quintrell Downs, Vigurs. Silverwell Moor, Rilstone. 
7. Gew Graze Valley, Kynance. 1919, Miss Berenice 
d'Avigdor. Pradannack Downs, 1914, Thurston. 

Blackstonia pcrfoliata, Huds. 

3. Par Moor, Medlin. Roadside between Par and St. Austell, 
Tans^ey, R./.C., 1911, p. 384. Polrnear near Par; Crinnis; 
Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Field at the back of Polzeath, St. Minver, Folliott Stokes, 
R./.C., /9//, p. 384. 

5. Constantine Sands. 1918, Lamb. 



90 GENTIANACE/E POLEMONIACE^E. 

Centaurium pulchellum, Dmce. 

5. Trevemper Bridge; Quintrell Downs; Fenhallow Moor, 

Newlyn East, Vigurs. " North Cliffs " (Flora). Godrevy, 

1858, Herb. Penzance Museum. 
7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R.I.C., /9//, p. 384. "Kynance, 

1846 " (Flora). Above Kynance Cove, Miss M. Cobbe, 

B.E.C., 1916, p. 495. 

C. capitatum, Rendle & Britten. 

7. "Lizard " (Flora). Above Kynance Cove, 1914, Miss M. 
Cobbe. 

Gentiana Amarella, Linn. 

8. Patch on Lelant golf links, 1912, Thurston. 

G. lingulata, C A. Agardh. var. pra&COX, Towns. 
8. "Budnick" (Flora). Heath land, Perranporth, Robinson, 
B.E.C., 1919, p. 829. 

G. baltica, Murb. 

I. High Cliff, Folliott Stokes, R./.C., 1911, />. 384. 

3. Near Cardinham, May, ibid. Tv/o miles out of Bocimin on 
the racecourse, Miss B. Shaw, ibid. 

5. Near the "Lost Church," Perranzabuloe, Davey. Rope- 
walk Farm, St. Agnes; Goonbell near St. Agnes, Rilstone. 

Menyanthes trifoliate, Linn. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Auslell, Tresidder, R.I.C. ,1911, p. 384. 

5. Treloggan, St. Columb Minor; near Crantock Plains; near 
Fiddler's Green, Newlyn East, Vigurs. Truthan Bottoms, St. 
Allen, Tresidder. 

6. Trelassick, Ladock, Tresidder. Gloweth, Kenwyn, 1911, 
Foott. 

8. "St. Ives" (Flora). Halsetown near St. Ives, 1913, 
Thurston. Carwin Moor, Hayle; Hele Ager Moor, Rees. 



POLEMONIACE/E. 

Polemojiium caeruieum. Linn. 

3. Between Duloe and Tredinnick, 1910, Mrs. and H. M. 
Perrycoste. 



HYDROPHYLLACE/E BORAGINACE^E. 91 

HYDROPHYLLACE/E. 

'Phacelia ciliata, Benth. Alien. North West America. 3. Par 
Harbour, Rilstone & Thurston, B.E.C., 1919, p. 667. 

BORAGINACE/E. 

In a revision of the genus Symphytum by Mr. C. Bucknall 
(Journ. Linn. Soc., Vol. XLL, 19] 3), var. patens (Sibth) is 
excluded, as this name has often been given not only to the 
purple-flowered S. officinale, but also to 5. peregrinum and 
its hybrids, and even to 5. asperum, Lepech (asperrimum, 
Don). The records for var. patens in the Flora should prob- 
ably all go under either sub-var. purpureum or S. peregrinum. 
Vigurs. 

*S, Officinaie, Linn, sub-var. purpureum, Pers. 

I. Field, Boscastle; Rocky Valley near Tintagel, 1915, 

Thurston. 

4. Near Sportsman's Arms, Camelford, 1915, Thurston. 
6. Ponsanooth, 1905, Davey & Vigurs. 

*S. peregrinum, Ledeb. Alien. Introduced as a fodder plant. 
1. Field, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Lane from West Looe to Hannafore, 1914, Adams. Patch 
in lane, Lerryn, 1920, Thurston. 

4. St. Kew, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Newquay, 1913, Vigurs. B.E.C., 1913, p. 390. 

6. Gerrans, 1900, Davey (as S. officinale}. Near Veryan; 
between Veryan and Portscatho, 1913. Thurston. Between 
Truro and Malpas, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 117. 
Perran-ar-worthal. 1914, Davey & Vierurs. 

7. Helston, 1899, Hume. Between Helston and the Lizard, 
Vigurs. 

*S. orientale. Linn. Alien. Garden origin. 5. Dennis lane, 
Padstow. 1918. Thurston. 6. Wall near hotel, Ruan Lani- 
horne, 1913, Thurston, B.E.C., 1913, p. 390. 

*S. caucasicum, Bieb. Alien. Garden origin. 6. Mill cottage, 
waste-ground, and ditch near hotel. Ruan Lanihorne, B.E.C., 
1913, p. 390; waste-ground. Tresillian, 1913, Thurston. 7. 
Mawgan: Lizard road between Helston and Penhale; wall, 
Loe Valley, 1914, Thurston. 



92 BORAGINACE^E. 

Borago offiicinalis, Linn. 

3. Par, 1910-1 I, Davey. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Little Petherick, 1918, Thurston. 

5. Abundant in a large field, St. Columb Porth, 1922, Thurston. 

6. Wood near Very an, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Housel Bay, abundant, 1914, Thurston. 

Anchusa offiicinalis, Linn 

3. " Langreek ; Lerryn, T.Q. Couch " (Flora). Mr. Perry - 
coste writes : "Surely Couch's record for Langreek should be 
referred to A. sempervirens, which grows there and else- 
where in Polperro. Is his Lerryn record correct? A. sem- 
pervirens grows there too." 

8. Hayle Towans (sand-dunes), Rilstone, B.E.C., 1918, p. 388. 

*A. procera, Bess, ex Link enum. Hort. Berol (ochroleuca, 
Bieb). Alien. 5. Sheltered spot between the sandhills, 
Phillack, Rees. 

*A. italica, Retz. Alien. 5. One plant as garden escape on 
waste-heap, Newquay, 1912, Vigurs, R.I.C , 1913, p. 226. 
Phillack sandhills, 1921, Thurston. 

The origin of the Anchusas, which, together with Salvia uerti- 
cillata and sylvestris, Amsinckia intermedia, and Ajuga 
pyramidalis, constitute a conspicuous feature of the Phillack 
sand-dunes near the Explosives Factory, is unknown, 
Thurston. 

Lycopsis arvensis, Linn 

I. Valency Valley, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

4. " St. Minver " (Flora). Rock sandhills, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Hayle Towans (sand-dunes), Rees. 

6. Near Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Cliff, Mullion Cove, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Sennen Green, Rees. 

Myosotis cespitosa, Schultz. 

5. Damp hollows. Perranporth sandhills; Bolingey Moor, 
Perranzab <oe, Rilstone. 

6. Stream, Tregoney; near Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 



BORAGINACE/E. 93 

M. palustris, Hill. 

2. St. Cleer, 1920, Harvey. 

5. Bolingey Moor, 1916, Thurston. Carnkief, Perranzabuloe, 

Rilstone. 
8. Lezingey Bottoms near Penzance, 1913, Rees. 

M. repens, G. & D. Don. 

5. Forth, St. Columb Minor; Penhallow Moor. Newlyn East, 
Vigurs. 

M. coiiina, HofFm. 

4. Near Grogley between Wadebridge and Bodmin, Salisbury. 

5. Reen Sands, Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

Lithospermum officinale, Linn. 

4. Portquin, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 384. 

6. Near Marlborough, Falmouth, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

L. arvense, Linn. 

3. Looe dust-heaps, 1916-17; one plant at Pleaton, Polperro, 
not seen since, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Par Har- 
bour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Railway-bank, Perranwell, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 



angustifolia, Lehm. 3. Par and Par Harbour, 1917, 
Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., /9/7, p. //7. 

A. intermedia. Fischer & Meyer (A . lycopsioides, A. Gray in 
parte, non Lehmann). 3. Liskeard railway-siding, 1909, 
Clarke. 5. Hayle Towans (sand-dunes), 1912, Hockin 
Phillack sand-hills, 1915, Rees. 6. Falmouth Docks, 1909. 
Davey. 

Echium vulgare, Linn. 

2, Smeaton, Pillion, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 384. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Abundant on Ha vie Towans (sand-dimes), Rees. 

6. Helston Water, Kea, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 384. 

E, plantagineum, Linn. 

1. Casual on waste-pround, Hendra, Launceston. 192.0. Wise. 
8. "Abundant near St. Just in corn and notato fields. Ralfs 

(F/ora). Luxuriant in a field on Nanjulian farm, St. Just, 

1921. Rees. 



94 BORAG1NACE/E CONVOLVULACE/E. 

Omphaiodes verna, Moench. 

3. Mr. Perrycoste writes : Our record (Flora) should have 
included found by Dr. Adams. 

Echinospermum Lappula, Lehm. 3. "Par " (Flora). Par and 
Par Harbour. 191 7, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 5. Goonhavern, 1911, 
Rilstone. Cultivated field, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 7. Potato 
patch, Lanarth House, St. Keverne, Miss Williams, B.E.C., 
, p. 667. 



CONVOLVULACE/E. 

*CalyStegia Sepilim, Br. (Volvulus sepium, Medic), var. 
COloratUS, Lange. 

7. Cadgwith, Miss Todd, B.E.C., 1920, p. 136. 
G. Soldanella, Br. 

3. Crinnis, Medlin. 

4. Harlyn Bay, Miss C. E. Larter, R.I.C., 1911, p. 384. 

6. Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1 91 3, Thurston. 

8. Lelant, Rees 

*C. inflata (Desf). Alien. Garden origin. 8. Big patch in 
roadside hedge between Trengwainton and Madron, 1921, 
Thurston. 

Cuscuta Epithymum, Murr. 

Known as Devil's Saffron in one or two places in West Corn- 
wall, Davey. 

2. Hingston Down, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 384. 

3. Carthew, Tresidder. 

5. Budnick near Perranporth, Tresidder. 

6. Carslake, St. Austell, Medlin. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 384. Housel 
Bay, 1914, Thurston. 

C, Trifolii, Bab. 

5. Harlyn Bay, 1911. Miss F. Spettigue. Reen Farm, Perran- 

zabuloe, R.I.C., 1911, p. 384: Hendravossan; Lanteague. 

Tresidder. 

7. Kennack Sands, 1916, Tresidder. 



CONVOLVULACE/E. SOLANACE/E. 95 

*C. suaveolens, Seringe (C. racemose, Brand, vix Mart. See 
Hemsley, Journ. Rot., 1908, p. 241, t. 493, fig. A). Intro- 
duced into Europe from Chili with seed of lucerne, and found 
in England, on several occasions since 1851, growing on 
various common native plants. 3. Hedge bordering field 
under turnips and potatoes 1920, corn, 1921, Trenavissick 
Farm, Par, 1921, Medlin. Heliotrope scented, growing on 
many of the common hedge plants, e.g., Lynchnis dioica, 
Galium Mollugo, Teucrium Scorodonia, and Urtica dioica. 

SOLANACE/E. 

Solanum Dulcamara, Linn. var. albiflora. 

7. Helston road near the Lizard, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1916, 
p. 495. 

Var. marinum, Bab. 

7. Kynance, 1911, Davey. 

S. nigrurn, Linn. 

3. Pridmouth, Medlin. Charlestown, Tresidder. 
5. Mount, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

8. Waste-ground, St. Ives, 1912, Thurston. Pentreath Farm 
near Pra Sands, 1911; Long Rock, Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 
384. Near St. Buryan, Rev. H. E. Fox, ibid. 

S. rostratum, Dunal. Par, 1902, Hume (Flora). Patch at 
Polmear end of Par Sands, 1920, Pease; Foggitt. 

S. aviculare, Forst (S. pinnatifidum , L'Herit). Kangaroo Apple. 
Alien. 8. Sandy beach, Tresco, Scilly, 1920, Hosking. 

Lycium chinense, Mill. 

1. Morwenstow. Tresidder. Bude, 1911, Harvey. Hedge near 
Trevalera, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Old Wall, Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. 

5. Single small plant. Dennis Cove. Padstow. 1918. Thurston. 
Perranporth. 1911. Davey. Rees Farm. Peiranzabuloe. Tre- 
sidder. Phillack, 1913. Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

8. Waste-ground near Hayle Causewav, 1921. Thurston & 
Rilstone. Between Long Rock and Penzance by railway, 
1911, Davey. Hedge, Long Rock. 1914, Miss Waterer. 



96 SOLANACE/E SCROPHULARIACE/E. 

Datura Stramonium, Linn. 

3. Looe dust-heaps, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
5. Mount, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

8. Waste -ground between Long Rock and Penzance, 1911, 
Davey. 

Hyoscyamus niger, Linn. 

1. Mouth of stream, Millook, 19)5, Thurston. 

3. Par, 1911, Druce, Jown. Bot., 1911, p. 303 Charlestown, 
Tresidder. 

4. Trevisquite Manor, St. Mabyn, Tresidder. 

5. Kelsey Head, Cubert, Vigurs. Gwithian Towns (sand- 
dunes), 191 1, Hosking. 

6. Near Gwendra Farm, Veryan, 1913, Thurston. Perran-ar- 
worthal; Penryn, Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 384. Hicks Mill, 
Gwennap, 1920, Harvey. 

SCROPHULARIACE/E. 

Verbascum Thapsus, Linn. 

L Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 384. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Porth To wan, Davey, loc. cit. 

7. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, loc. cit. 

"Hybrid. V. Lychnitis x nigrum. 

3. One plant at Par, Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 384. 

V. nigrum, Linn. 

3. Chariestown, Tresidder. Pentewan, plentiful, 1911, Davey. 

5. Orchard, Callestick. 1916, Bunney. Porth Towan, Davey, 
R./.C., 1911 , p. 385. Near poultry farm, Hayle Towans (sand- 
dunes), Rees. 

Var. tomentOSUm, Bab. (V. nigrum x Thapsus in Flora). 
3. "Seaton, 1873 and 1876" (Flora). Still there in 1919, 
Thurston. 

V. yirgatum, Stokes. 
3. Sandplace near Looe. Rilstone. 

5. " Crantock " (Flora). Delete the record. "Gwithian, 
Ralfs " (Flora). Phill?ck Towans (sand-dunes), Rees. 



SCROPHULARIACE/E. 97 

*V. pulverulentum, Vill. Casual. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1913-18, Tresidder. 

"Hybrid. V. pulverulentum x nigrum. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1913-18, Tresidder. 

V. Blattaria, Linn. 

2. Siding east of St. Germans station, with light flowers, 
abundant, 1911, Davey. 

4. Wadebridge, 1911, Smith-Pearse, R./.C., /9//, p. 385. 

5. N.E. of St. Columb Major, Mrs. Wedgwood, B.E.C., 1920, 
p. 137. "Goonhavern " (Flora). This refers to Celsia cre- 
tica, Tresidder. 

6. Tregoney, 1911, Mrs. Hawking. 

*V . phceniceum, Linn. Alien. Garden origin. 3. Par Har- 
bour, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 118. 

Celsia cretica, Linn. 3. Par Harbour, 1912, Vigurs. 5. " Per- 
ranzabuloe " (Flora). Hendracroft Farm, Perranzabuloe, 
Tresidder. 

Linaria spuria, Mill. 

3. Reeularly in a field at Talland; casual at Polperro, Mrs. 
and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Par Harbour, Medlin. 

5. Cubert village; Reen Farm, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

6. Churchtown Farm, Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R.I.C., 1911, 

p. 385. 

L. supina, Desf. 

1. Railway station, Launceston. Shown to E. Thurston by 
W. Wise, 1915. 

3. Par Sands, with peloric flowers, 1919, Haynes, B.E.C., 
/9/9, p. 570. 

L. re pens, Mill. 

2. Established in a roadside hedge ] /? mile E. of South Pether- 
win village, Smith-Pearse. 

3. Liskeard railway station, 1919, Harvey. "Par*' (Flora). 
Established at the harbour, and railway embankment at east 
end of the sands, Thurston. Ballast-heap, Charlestown; be- 
tween Bugle and Roche, Tresidder. Near Roche, 1916, 
Taylor. 



98 SCROPHULARIACEjE. 

Hybrid. L. repens x vulgaris. 

3. Lane, Charlestown, 1916, Tresidder & Rilstone. Between 
Bugle and Roche, Tresidder. 

L. vulgar is, Mill. 

3. Plants with some of the flowers with five spurs upon the 

corolla and a tubular mouth (forma Peloria) at Par Harbour,, 

1920, Medlin. 

L, minor, Desf. 

3. Polkieves and Kilmanorth, Talland, 1911; field above Head 
o' Ditch, Polperro, 1914, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. In 
railway ballast, Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. 

4. Railway near Delabole Station, 1918, Harvey. 

5. Mawgan Porth, 1901, Vigurs. Lambourne, and field near 
Carnkief pond, Perranzabuloe, 1916, Rilstone. 

*L. Dalmatica, Mill. Alien. 2. Near St. Germans, Daltry, 
B.E.C., 19J5, p. 204. 3. Par Sands, Daltry. 'The Cornish 
plant agrees with the description of var. macedonica 
(Griseb)." Loc. cit. 

Antirrhinum Orontium, Linn. 

2. Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., /9//, p. 385. 

3. Roadside, St. Martin, 1918, Thurston. Charlestown, Tre- 
sidder. 

4. Rock and Polzeath, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 
1911, p. 385. 

6. Field near Grampound Road Station, 1922, Borlase. 

7. Relowas. St. Martin-in-Meneage, Tresidder. Field, Pra- 
dannack Downs, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Field above Marazion Station, 1913, Miss M. Cobbe. Corn- 
fields about Penzance, Rees. 

"Scrophularia aquatica, Linn, sub-var. flavo-viridis, Thurston. 

3. Waste-ground, West Looe, with Dale yellow-erreen flowers, 
1918, Thurston. B.E.C.. 1919, p. 570. Swamp, Talland, 1919, 
Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

*S, nodosa, Linn. var. Bobartii, Pryor. 

1. Near Bude, 1913, Hon. Mrs. Baring, B.E.C., 1913, p. 391.. 



SCROPHULARIACE/E. 99 

S. Scorodonia, Linn. 

2. About midway between Penlee Point and Rame Head, 
1919, Foggitt. 

3. "YeaiTs Coombe, Couch" (Flora). Not seen there by the 
Perrycostes. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Quarry, Perranporth Sandhills, 1911, Davey. 

6. Trethowel, Kea, Tresidder. 

8. Between Tredavoe and Trereife, near Penzance, 1913, Miss 
M. Cobbe. Boskenwyn near Penzance, 1913, Rees. 

*Var. viridiflora, Druce. 

3. Pure green flowers and paler foliage, railway embankment 
near Par Sands, growing with the type, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 
B.E.C., 1917, p. 39. 

5. vernalis, Linn. 

6. "A very luxuriant plant found. in May, 1908, by Mrs. Little 
in a lane near Falmouth " (Flora). Several plants in a field 
adjoining the lane, 1910, Mrs. Little, R./.C., /9//, p. 385. 
About two score of plants in lane off Melville road, Fal- 
mouth, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

Mimulus Langsdorfii, Donn. 

1. By. mill-wheel, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

2. St. Cleer, 1920, Harvey. 

3. Stream, Boconnoc Park, 1920, Thurston. 

4. Trecarne Farm near Devil's Jump, 1915, Thurston. 

7. Chypons near Mullion, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Marazion beach; Morvah, Rees. 

M. moschatus, Dougl. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Medlin. 

6. Between Sticking Bridge ^nd Perranwharf; damp meadow 
under College Viaduct. Penrvn, 1911, Davey. Brickhill 
Wood, Mylor, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

Limosella aquatica, Linn. 

8. "Chy-?n-hal Moor." 1851 (Flora). In Castalia pond, Chy- 
an-hal, 1921. Thurston. 

Sibthorpia europsea, Linn. 

2. Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 385. 



100 SCROPHULARIACE/E. 

3. Between Upton and Henwood, 1920, Harvey. Lanhydrock, 
Salisbury. Prideaux near St. Blazey, Medlin. Trenarren; 
Pentewan Valley, Tresidder. 

4. Near Helland, Salisbury. 

6. Nanpean, Medlin. Lane near Port Holland, 1913, 
Thurston. St. Just, Roseland, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Arallas, 
Ladock, Vigurs. 

7. Calvadnack, Wendron; Bolaskan, Crowan, Tresidder, 
R./.C., 191!, p. 385. 

6. Ludgvan; Trereife near Penzance, 1913, Miss M. Cobbe. 
Hedge-banks round Chy-an-Hal Moor: Bone Valley; brick 
lane, and hedges between Buryas JBridge and Drift Hill near 
Penzance, Rees. About a m le from Penzance on the St. 
Buryan road, Rev. H. E. Fox, P./.C., 1911, p. 385. 

This plant is much more frequently met with on killas (clay 
slate) than on granite soil, Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 385. 

^Digitalis lutea, Linn. Alien. Garden origin. 3. Looe dust- 
heaps, 1919, Thurston. 

Veronica agrestis, Linn. 

Concerning two forms of this plant Mr. Rilstone writes : "One 
which, as far as my experience goes, is of rare occurrence, 
has the pale flowers, oval sepals gland-fringed at the oase, 
and short style of V. agrestis, but the numerous jointed hairs 
on the stem and pedicels are not ' mostly gland-tipped ' as 
Syme says is the case with typical V . agrestis. The other ?, 
more frequent but by no, means common plant presents 
difficulty chiefly in the capsule being rather thickly clothed 
with short straight or curved glandular hairs, with longer 
glandular hairs intermixed." Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 114. 

*V. triphyllos, Linn. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Mrs. Wedgwood and Tresidder, 
B.E.C., 7920, p. 138. 

V . peregrina, Linn. 6. Abundant in the grounds, Enys, Mylor, 
1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. On the Fal, Green, 
B.E.C., 1917, p. 119. 

V. montana, Linn. 

1. Stream, Millook, 1915, Thurston. 



SCROPHUL ARI ACE/E . 101 

2. Quethiock, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 385. 

3. Prideaux near St. Blazey; Starrick Moor, St. Austell, 
Medlin. 

6 Arallas, Ladock, 1915, Vigurs. Brickhill Wood, Mylor, 
1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. Trelew near Mylor, 
1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Stithians, Tresidder. 

7. Gweek Wood; Mullion, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. Near 
Crowan Vicarage, Tresidder. 

8. Rosehill near Penzance, Rees. 



V. scutellata, Linn. 

1. Goscott Moor, Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

3. Trenean Marsh near Hessenford; Tredudwell between Pol- 

perro and Fowey, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Starrick 

Moor, St. Austell, Tresidder. 

5. Honeycomb, St. Allen, 1916; Pasty Pool near Zelah, Tre- 
sidder. 

6. Gilly Bottoms near road from Gwennap to Stithians, 1921, 
R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

7. Pond near Penhale, Lizard road, 1914, Thurston. 

V. Anagailis-aquatica, Linn. 

3. Charlestown, one plant, 1914, Tresidder. 

*V. angustifolia, A. Rich. Alien. "Corn.*' Druce, List of 
British Plants, 1908. Additions. 



*V . speciosa, R. Cunn. Alien. 5. Cultivated extensively at 
Newquay (and elsewhere), where it produces seedlings freely, 

Vigurs. 

*V . salicifolia, Forst. Alien. 3. Growing on bridge over the 
river, Lostwithiel, first noticed in 1913, Vigurs. 

Euphrasia Rostkoviana, Hayne. 

The first record (Flora) should read : Cornwall, Cuna Parell 
(sic), 1883, A. Ley (J. Britten comm) Lizard (1852). J. Woods 
Herb. Townsend, Monograph, 1897. 

2. Kit Hill, 1918, Rilstone. 



102 SCROPHULARIACE/E. 

3. Slopes of Caradon Hill, Rilstone. " A form, like the pre- 
ceding, with showy violet-purple flowers, much resembling 
E. Vigursii, Davey, but with the long flexuous glandular hairs 
of Rostkoviana. It occurs sparingly with the white-flowered 
formthe latter plentiful." B.E.C., 1920, p. 243. Cheese- 
wring Downs, small flowered, Rilstone. " This appears to be 
a slender form of E. Rostl^oviana, small in all its parts, and 
with relatively short, glandular hairs. It may be regarded as 
a connecting link between the form collected by Mr. Barton 
at Myrtleberry Cleeve, N. Devon, and E. Vigursii." Pugsley, 
B.E.C., 1920, p. 243. 

6. Carnmenellis, 1920, Harvey. 

7. Lizard, loc. cit. Goonhilly Downs, 1911, Davey. 



"Forma 

2. On the Common, Pensilva. Flowers deep purple red with 
dark carmine markings, 1919, H. S. Thompson. Possibly the 
same as Rilstone's Kit Hill and Caradon plants. 

E. Vigursii, Davey. 

5. Near Shepherd's, Druce, 1908, ^ B.E.C., 1908, p. 392. 

"Several places near Goonhavern" (Flora). Downs at 

Droskyn Point, Perranporth; Polgoda Down, 1916, Thurston. 

Ventongimps, 1918, Rilstone. 
7. Kynance Downs, 1916, Mrs. Wedgwood. Bucknall, British 

Euphrasiae, Supp. Journ. Bot., 1917, p. 16. 
This species has also been found in Devon and at Cork. 

E. brevipila, Bum. & Grem. 

1. "Minster, Rogers" (Flora). Hayfield, Boscastle, 1915, 
Thurston. 

4. In thin hay, Bolventor, 1918, Rilstone. 

5. Harlyn Bay, Miss C. E. Larter, R.I.C., 1911, p. 385. Payne's 
Well, Wheal Frances; Carnkief, Perranzabuloe, 1918, 
Rilstone. 

*E. Kerneri, Wettst. 

3. Grassy bank, Minions village, 1919: Helman Tor Moor, 
1920, Rilstone and Thurston. Seaton Valley, 1919, Lowther, 
Rilstone and Thurston. 

5. Goonhavern Moor, 1920. Rilstone. " I believe it is E. 
Kerneri," C. Bucknall. Plants collected by Mr. Rilstone in 
boggy ground, Wheal Frances, Perranporth, were referred to 
this species by several auhorities, B.E.C., 1918, p. 513. 



SCROPHULARIACE^E. 1 03 

IE. borealis, Towns. 

5. Penhallow Moor, Newlyn East, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1910, p. 
580. 

6. Port Holland, 1913, Thurston. 

*E. streca, Host. 

5. Roadside above Perranwell towards Goonhavern, 1918; 
Mill Down, Ventongimps, 1919, Rilstone. 

Jn Journ. Bot., 1922, p. 2, Mr. Pugsley notes that he can find no 
British specimen, which seems to him really to agree with 
undoubted continental exsiccata of E. stricta, and he can only 
conclude that all of our plants are referable to a polymorphic 
E. nemorosa, or, more rarely, to E. brevipila, E. borealis, or 
E. Kerneri. In British Euphrasiae, Supp. Journ. Bot., 1917, 
Mr. Bucknall considers that many gatherings named E. 
stricta are nemorosa, but admits stricta from four English 
Counties. 

*E, nemorosa, H. Mart, var. ciliata, Drabble. 

6. Truro, etc., Journ. Bot., 1916, p. 75; B.E.C., 1916, p 423. 

E. gracrlis, Fr. 

6. Trenerry Wood, St. Allen, Tresidder. 

E. occidentalis, Wettst. 

4. Portquin. Recorded by C. Bucknall, British Euphrasiae, 
Supp Journ. Bot., 1917, p. 9. 

5. Stepper Point, Padstow, 1920, Smith-Pearse. Harlyn Bay, 
Miss C. E. Larter, R./.C., 1911, p. 385. Plentiful along the 
coast east and west of Newquay, Vigurs. Short turf in sandy 
ground, Holywell, 1918, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1918, p. 516. 

8. Lelant golf-links, 1912, Thurston. 

*Var. praeCOX, Bucknall. 

3. Slopes above cliff, Polperro, 1920, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1920, 

p. 240. 
A. On the coast, Polzeath, White. Spire Bank, Rock, St. 

Minver. Recorded by C. Bucknall, loc. cit. 

*E. confusa, Pugsley (Journ. Bot., 1919, p. 172). 

3. St. Cleer Downs, 1920, Rilstone. Mossy bank, Marsh near 
Helman Tor, 1920, Rilstone and Thurston. Mr. Bucknall 
writes : " I cannot see any difference between this and a 
large gathering sent me from Simonsbath (Somerset) by the 



104 SCROPHULARIACE/E. 

I 

late Mr. Marshall, except that the flowers appear to be less / 
yellow. I quite agree with Pugsley that such copiously 
branched plants cannot go to E. minima, and think we should 
be quite safe in naming these E. confusa, Pugsley." See 
also note in B.E.C., 1920, p. 241, where the claims of the 
plant to be E. confusa or E. minima are dealt with. In Journ, 
Bot., 1922, p. 2, Mr. Pugsley describes the plants from the 
above localities, and other places in England, as " E. con- 
fusa, b. albida, forma nova. Planta corollis albidis nee 
luteis, quam typus interdum robustior." 

Bartsia viscosa, Linn. 

3. Between Port Looe near West Looe and Hendersick, Miss 
C. Grigg. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Tresidder, R./.C., /9//, 
p. 385. 

6. Swamp west of Polgrain near Port Holland; near Veryan, 
1913, Thurston. Mylor quarry, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. 
Watson. 

7. Coverack, 1910, Rev. H. E. Fox, B.E.C., 7970, p. 580. 

Pedicular is palustris, Linn. 

3. Yearl's Combe, Trelawney river, Mrs. and H. M. M. 

Perrycoste. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Tresidder, R./.C., 

79/7, p. 385. 

Rhinanthus stenophyllus, Schur. 

3. Par, Davey, R./.C., 79/7, p. 385. 

5. Perranporth, 1911, Davey. 

6. Perran-ar-Worthal, loc. cit.; Perranwharf, 1909; Falmouth, 
1911, Davey. 

7. Penhale, Miss C. E. Larter, Zoc. cit. 

8. Sandy, grassy coast, Marazion, Marshall, Journ. Bot., 1918, 
p. 187. 

Melampyrum pratense, Linn. 

2. Near Clapper Bridge; Quethiock, Hawk, R./.C., 7977, p. 
385. 

3. Valley below Cheesewring, 1920, Harvey. 

4. Hustyn Wood, St. Breock, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Illogan Wood, Tresidder. 

6. Lamorran Wood, 1913. Thurston. Arallas, Ladock, Tre- 
sidder. "Greatwood," Mylor, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. 
Watson. 

8. Kirton Wood near Townshend, Hayle, Hosking. 



SCROPHULARIACE/E ORCBANCHACE/E. 1 05 

>;: Forma platyphyllum, Beauv. 

1. Millook, a large flowered form, Druce, B.E.C., /9/7, p. 46, 
where Beauverd's revision of the species is dealt with. 

OROBANCHACE/E. 

*Orobanche reticulata, Wallr. Alien. Western Mediterranean. 
6. Fowl-run, Falmouth Docks, 1917, one plant parasitic on 
Dipsacus sylvestris, Thurston. The first record of this plant 
as a British species seems to have been a plant found para- 
sitic on Cirsium eriophorum near Leeds in 1907, B.E.C., 1908, 
p. 335. 

O. major, Linn. 

3. Portlooe near West Looe, Miss C. Grigg. Polruan, Rilstone. 

0. rubra, Sm. 

The first record (Flora) should read : On authority of Miss 
Rodd in Loudon, Card. Mag., 1835, 694-5, in report of meet- 
ing of Royal Hort. Soc. Cornwall. 

6. Very abundant on roadside between Port Holland East and 
West, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Poltesco, 1913, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1913. p. 488. Half a mile 
west of Lizard Lighthouse, 1912, Miss A. M. Geldart, W.E.C., 
1912-13, p. 403. Single plant on cliff, Mullion Cove, 1914, 
Thurston. Cliff, Gunwalloe, 1916, Tresidder. 

0. Hederae, Duby. 

3. Lantivet, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Polkerris, 1920, 
Medlin. 

8. Prussia Cove, Tresidder. 

0. minor, Sm. 

3. Looe, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Plentiful in a field 
near Pelynt, 1917, Rilstone. 

5. Field near Obelisk Hill. Padstow, 1918, Lock. Two plants 
on wall opposite Barrow Field, Newquav. 1922. Malim. Abun- 
dant on slope above Tolcarne Sands, Newquay, on Daucus, 
1922. Ladv Bourne. Hendravossan and Reen Farm. Perran- 
zabuloe, Tresidder, R./.C., 79/7, p. 385. Redruth, 1912, H. 
Williams. 

8. Hawks Point near Carbis Bay; Bone Valley near Hea Moor, 
Penzance, 1912, Rees. 



106 VERBENACE/E LABIAT7E. 

0. amethystea, Thuili. 

8. St. Mary's, Scilly, 1922, Downes. 

LENTSBULARIACEA/E 

Utricularia vulgaris, Linn. 

6. Goss iMoor, Tresidder, R./.C., /9//, p. 386. 

U. major, Schmidel. 

5. Carnkief pond, Perranzabuloe, 1921, Tresidder. 

U. minor, Linn. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Tresidder, R./.C., /9//, p. 386. 

Pinguicula lusitanica, Linn. 

The first record (Flora) should read: Ray, Cat. Plant. Ang., 
1670. 

1. Badgall Down, Laneast, Reid, R./.C., /9//, p. 386. 

3. Trenean Marsh, Hessenford, Miss Boucher. 

4. Marsh near Jubilee Rock, Blisland, 1908, Harvey. 

5. Wheal Butson, St. Agnes, 1911, Rilstone. 

6. Nanpean; St. Dennis, Medlin. Penwethers near Truro, 
1911, Foott. 

1. Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911 , p. 386. East 
Kennack Valley, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. Pradannack Downs, 
1914, Thurston. 

8. Lezingey Moor, and Rosemergy near Penzance, Rees. 

VERBENACE/E. 

*Verbena bracteata, Michx. Alien. 3. Bodmin Road Station, 
1918, Harvey. 

LABIATVE. 

Mentha rotundifolia, Huds. 

3. Charlestown; Treverbyn, Tresidder. 

5. Ellenglaze, Cubert, Vigurs. 

6. Near Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay; Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, 
Thurston. 



LABIAT7E. 107 

Hybrid. M. rotundifolia x spicata (cnspa, Hook) . 

1. Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

4. Rock Sandhills, 1911, Boyden. 

6. Falmouth; Budock, 1911, Barton. 

M. alopecuroides, Hull. 

4. Portquin, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 386. 

8. Marshy spot by roadside near Trewoof, 1911, Davey. 

M. longifolia, Huds. 

3. Lansallos beach, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

5. Penhallow, Newlyn East; Penwortha, Perranzabuloe, 1912, 
Rilstone. Stream, Holywell Bay, 1915, Thurston. Perran- 
well, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

6. "Greensplat and Hicks Mill, Gwennap " (Flora). Delete 
the record. Near Boscawen Park, Truro, 1911, Rilstone. 

8. Lamorna Valley, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 386. 

Var. moHissima (Borkh). 

I. Rocky Valley near Tintagel, 1915, Thurston. 

M. spicata, Linn. 

1. Rocky Valley near Tintagel, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Peiranporth, 1916, Thurston. Lambourne, Perranzabuloe, 

1912, Rilstone. Skinner's Bottom near Mount Hawke, 

Tresidder. 

M. piperita, Linn. var. officinalis (Hull) . 

5. Menagissey near Mount Hawke, 1911, Barton. Lane at 
Harmony Cot near Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

6. Veryan, Miss Farrar, R.I.C., 1911, p. 386. Frogpool, 
Gwennap, 1911, Davey. 

Var. vulgaris (Sole). 

3. Trethake Mill near Fowey, Rilstone. 

Hybrid. M. aquatica x arvensis (sativa, Linn). 

Var. rivalis, Wats. 

1. Valency Valley, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Penhallow, Newlyn East, 1912, Rilstone. Tresean, Cubert, 
191^, Thursfon. 

6. Veryan, Miss Farrar, R.I.C., 1911, p. 386. 



108 LABIATVE. 

Var. paludosa (Sole) . 

6. Perran-ar-worthal, 191T, Davey. 

Var. elata, Host. 

7. Penrose, Helston, 1911, Druce, New Phyt., 1911, p. 318, 
R./.C., 79/3, p. 229. 

Var. plicata (Opiz). 

7. Penrose, Helston, 1911, Druce, loc. cit. 

Hybrid. M. aquatica x longifolia (pubescens, Willd) . 

Var. palustris (Sole) . 

5. Roadside ditch, St. Columb Minor, Bickham, B.E.C., 1908, 
p. 395. 

6. Chyvogue, Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, Davey, W.E.C., 1911-12, 
p. 353. 

M. rubra, Sm. 

2. Smeaton; Higher Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 
386. 

5. For " Newquay " (Flora) read Fair Park, St. Columb 
Minor. Wheal Friendly, St. Agnes, Radcliffe. St Agnes, 
Rilslone. 

*Var. raripila, Briquet. 

6. Near Perranwell, Druce, B.E.C., 1912, p. 170. 

M. gentilis, Linn. 

3. Liskeard, Miss Todd, B.E.C., 1920, p. 141. 

5. Crantock, 1915, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1915, p. 363. 

Var. Pauiiana (F. Schultz) . 

2. Higher Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 386. 

M. Pulegium, Linn. 

1. Patch by path to harbour, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

7. Field near Lowland Point, Coveiack, Rev. H. E. Fox, 
R./.C., 79/7, p. 386. 



LABIATVE. 



109 



Var. erecta, Syme. 

6. Pond near Veryan; Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Penhale, Lizard road; pond on road from Penhale to 
Mullion, 1914, Thurston. 

Origanum vulgare, Linn. 

2. Near Bearch, Pillaton, Hawk, K./.C., /9//, p. 386. 

3. Lane near Helman Tor, 1920, Thurston. 
5. Penponds, Camborne, 1916, Bunney. 

6 Between Tregoney and Caerhays, Tresidder. Churchtown. 
Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 386. Orchard 
hedge near Cosawes viaduct, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. 
Watson. 

8. Bank between St. Erth Station and Moor Grove. Lelant. 
Rees. 

Thymus ovatus, Mill. 

5. Shepherd's, Newlyn East, Druce, Journ Bot., 1909, p. 384; 

R.I.C., 1911, p. 386. Wall near Sandhills, Perranporth, 1916, 

Thurston. 

Clinopodmm vulgare, Linn. 

1. Carthamartha Farm gate, Lezant, 1917. Tresidder. 

2. Wotton Cross, Landrake; Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., /9//, p. 
386. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. Porthpean, Medlin. 

5. Near Chyverton Mine, Perranwell, Perranzabuloe, 1917, 
Tresidder. 

Calamintha Acinos, Clairv. 

2. Wall, Heskyn Mill, Tideford, 1919 Thurston & Rilstone. 

Melissa officinalis, Linn. 

1. Bude, 1907, Harvey. Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

2. Coombe, Landrake, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 386. 

3. Looe dust-heaps, 1916-20. Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste 

4. Blisland, 1908. Harvey. Lemail Mill near St. Mabyn, 1915. 
Thurston. 

6. Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. Mylor, 1921. R. L. Smith 
and W. D. Watson. 

7. Near Mullion, 1914, Thurston. 



110 LABIAT/E. 

Salvia sylvestris, Linn, (nemorosa, Linn). 3. " Par, 1908, 
Vigurs " (Flora). Par, 1910, Druce, B.E.C., 1914. p. 73. Par 
Harbour, Miss A. B. Cobbe and F. Rilstone, B.E.C., 1917, p. 
121. 

5. Sandy field and sand-dunes, Phillack, 1915-21, Rees. 

S. verticillata, Linn. 3.. Bodmin Road Station, 1917, Wise. 
Eastern part of Par Moor, Tresidder. 5. Phillack sand-dunes, 
1918-21, Rees. 6. Falmouth Docks, Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 
386. 

Nepeta hederacea, Trev. (Glechoma hederacea, Linn). 
This species is exhaustively dealt with in a note on " Glechoma 
hederacea and its sub-divisions" by Mr. W. B. Turrill in 
B.E.C., 1919, pp. 694-701. 

Var. parviflora, Benth. 

3. Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

*Dracocephalum paruiflorum, Nutt. Alien. North America. 3. 
Par, one plant, 1917, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1917, p. 121. 

Scutellaria galericulata, Linn. 

3. Abundant on waste-ground, Bodmin Road Station, 1910, 
Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

4. Lemail Mill near St. Mabyn, 1915, Thurston. 

Melittis Melissophyllum, Linn. 

2. ^ Lanes and woods below Pensilva in Lynher Valley, 1919. 
"Some specimens 3ft. high had large flowers, but Archer 
Briggs did not countenance Smith's var. grandiflora." H. S. 
Thompson. W.E.C., 1918-20, p. 111. Holwood, Quethiock, 
Hawk. R./.C., 1911. p. 386. 

3. Edges of Woods, Fowev Valley, Salisbury. 

4. Not infreauent near Grogley between Wadebridge and 
Bodmin, Salisbury. 

5. Camborne (labelled erandiflora), Herb. Penzance Museum. 

6. Lamorran Wood. 1913, Thurston. 

7. Coverack. in a thicket near the shore about a mile bevond 
the village towards Lowland Point, Rev. H. E. Fox, R I.C 
1911, p. 386. 



LAB1AT7E. 1 1 1 

*Var. grandiflora (Sm). 

6. Arallas, Ladock, 1915, Vigurs. 

*Sideritis montana, Linn. Alien. Southern Europe. 5. Sandy 
field, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 6. Fowl-run, Falmouth Docks, 
1917, Thuiston. 

Marrubium vulgare, Linn. 

3. Pentewan, Tresidder. 

4. "St. Minver " (Flora). Bray Hill near Rock, 1915, 
Thurston. 

5. Wheal Hope lane, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

6. Veryan, 1913, Thurston. Falmouth, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

Stachys officinal is, Trev. var. nana, Druce. 

7. Mr. Druce notes that plants from the Lizard retained the 
dwarf character under cultivation. "Some years ago Mr. R. 
Irwin Lynch of Cambridge found at the Lizard a white form 
of the same plant, which is figured and described as S. 
Betonica, var. alba in the Gardener's Chronicle, 127 , 1918. It 
is, he says, from 5-7 inches high, forming one of the most 
beautiful rockery plants." 

*S. palustris, Linn. var. canescens, Lange. 

3. Par, Daltry, B.E.C., 1913, p. 392. 

Hybrid. S. palustris x syivatica (S. ambigua, Sm). 
3. Bank of stream, Polperro, 1919, Rilstone. ' The large- 
flowered form." Druce, B.E.C., 1919, p. 836. 

S. annua, Linn. 3. Par Harbour, 1917, Rilstone. B.E.C., 1917, 
p. 122. 5. Sandy field. Phillack, 1915, Rees. Hayle Towans 
(sand-dunes), 1915, Rilstone . 

Galeopsis angustifolia, Ehrh. 

5. Carnkief, Perranzabuloe, one plant, Rilstone. 

*G, Tetrahit, Linn. var. nigricans, Breb. 

5. Tregenna, St. Columb Minor, 1910, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1910, p. 
582. " Mr. Davev and I have noticed this plant in our respec- 
tive districts: it is rjrobably common in the county." Vigurs. 
R./.C., 79/3, p. 229. 



112 LABIAT/E. 

Leonurus Cardiaca, Linn. 

4. ' Tamsquite " (Flora). In garden, Tamsquite, St. Tudy, 
1915, Thurston. 

Lamium amplexicaule, Linn. 

I do not agree with Davey in considering this a native, Vigurs. 
3. Par, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Usually a few plants every year on Mount Wise, Newquay, 
Vigurs. 

L. hybridum, Vill. 

3. Garden weed, Polperro, 1916, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1916, f>. 
584. Field at Watergate between Polperro and Pelynt, 1915 
et sq, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry coste. Par, Davey. 

7. Mullion, 1914, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

L. purpureum, Linn. var. declpienS, Sender. 

6. Falmouth Docks, 1909, Davey. 

L. maculatum, Linn. 

6. Roadside between Tregoney and Veryan, 1913, Thurston. 

L. album, Linn. 

1. Launcells churchyard, 1907, Harvey. 

2. New Bridge between Callington and St. Ive, Hawk, R.I.C., 
1911, p. 386. 

3. St. Martin, 1918; Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. Par, 1911, 
Davey; 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Frequent around St. Austell, 
Tresidder. 

4. St. Breock churchyard, 1918, Thurston. 

7. Poltesco; Loe Valley, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Ludgvan, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

L. Galeobdolon, Crantz. 

3. Patch on roadside between Sandplace and Duloe, 1919, 
Thurston. 

Teucrium Chamaedrys, Linn. 

8. "On a bank where the field-path from Marazion to Perran- 
uthnoe ioins the road behind the church " (Flora). A large 
patch there, 1921, Thurston. 



LABIATVE PL ANT AGIN ACE^E. 113 

*Ajuga pyramidal is, Linn. Casual. 

5. Phillack Towans (sand-dunes), with other introduced plants, 
Rees. 



PLANTAGINACE/E. 

Plantago media, Linn. 

2. Churchyard, Upton, J920, Harvey. 

3. Field above Head o' Ditch, Polperro, now abundant; field 
between Polperro new road and Longcoombe, now spread 
largely thereabouts, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. One plant 
in field, Crinnis, 1920, Thurston. 

4. One plant in St. Issey Churchyard, 1918, Thurston. 

5. Perranwefl, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

7. Trevarno, H. Williams, R./.C., 7977, p. 387. 
S. Railway-line, St. Erth to Marazion, 1912, Rees. 

*P. lanceolata, Linn. var. eriophylla, H & L. 

5. Tolcarne, Newquay, Vigurs, R./.C., /9//, p. 387. 

8. St. Ives, 1912, Thurston. 

*Var. sphaerostachya, Rohl. 

* 'Noticed by Davey and myself, and probably quite common," 

Vigurs, R./.C., 79/3, f>. 229. 
8. Sand-dunes, Lelant, 1921. It is not worth a varietal status, 

but is only a form, W. Watson. 

P. Timbali, Jord. 

Recorded for Par. Vide R./.C., 79/3, p. 224. Mr. E. G. Baker 
is now of opinion that the Par plants are not true Timbali. 

8. Plants, which might have passed as Timbali, on tip between 
Penlee Point and quarry, 1921, W. Watson. 

*P. maritima, Linn. var. fatifolia, Syme. 

5. Fistial beach, Newquay, 1912, Vigurs. "The leaves were 
broader in 1912 than in 1913. In 1912 they were as much as 
one inch broad." B.E.C., 7973, p. 492. Many plants with 
leaves Vy inch broad, and plants with narrow toothed leaves, 
on roadside bank near Huer's House, Newquay: plants with 
troad toothed leaves, Gannel, Newquay, 1922, Thurston. 



114 PLANT AGINACE/E. 

Var. linear is, Syme. 

7. Quarry near Mullion, with wonderfully developed linear 
bracts, 1886, H. S. Thompson. 

Narrow-leaved form. 

5. Beach, Newquay, 1912, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1912, p. 278. 

*Var. sub-bracteata, Dmce. 

3. Millandreath beach near East Looe; Polperro, 1916, Ril- 
stone. " Lower flowers of the inflorescence strongly bracte- 
ate; bracts gradually diminishing in size upwards. ... A 
lusus rather than a variety." B.E.C., /9/7, p. 49. 

5. Roadside near Perranzabuloe Church, 1916, Bunney. 

*Var. recur vata, F. N. Williams. 
" Cornwall," B.E.C., 79/0, p. 523. 

*P. Coronopus, Linn. var. crithmifolia, Willd. 
I. Millook, 1914, Druce, B.E.C., 1915, p. 207. 

*Var. ceratophyllum, Rapin. 

5. Cliffs at Newquay. "Almost as common here as the type 
and var. pygmcsa. . . . Leaves very thick, not pinnatifid." 
Vigurs, B.E.C., 1910, p. 583; Journ. Bot., 1912, p. 57; R./.C., 
1913, p. 229. 

Var. tenuifolia, Wirt. 

7. Par, 1912, Vigurs. 

Var. pygmaea, Lange. 

8. Dr. W. Watson writes : " I saw this, I think, both at Hayle 
and Lelant. It is only a habitat form, and has no right to be 
called a variety. It intergrades with the type, and, when 
transplanted to moister ground, grows quite as well as the 
type." 

*P. aristata, Mich. Alien. N. America. 3. Par Harbour, 
1921, Medlin. 

Littorella uniflora, Aschers. 

5. Shepherd's Station; Pasty Pool north of Zelah; Lanteague 

near Goonhavern, Tresidder. Near St. Agnes Beacon, 1912, 

Rilstone. 
8. Near Gurnard's Head, Miss C. P. Foster, R./.C., 1911, p. 

387. Porthgwarra, Rev. H. E. Fox, ibid. 



1LLECEBRACE/E AMARANTHACE/E. 1 15 

ILLECEBRACE/E. 

Illecebrum verticillatum, Linn. 

3. Trethurgy, St. Austell, Medlin. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, 
Tresidder. 

6. Nanpean, 1911, Tresidder. 

7. Gunwalloe, 1852, Herb. Penzance Museum. 

8. Tremethic Moor, Rees. 

*Herniaria ciliata, Bab. var. anguslifolia, Pugsley. 

7. " Ruan Minor, 1840, W. Borrer in the Br. Mus. as H. 
glabra." Pugsley, Journ. Bot., 1914, p. 331; B.E.C., 1914, p. 
19. Banks on cliffs, Kynance Cove, 1912, Boyden, W.E.C., 
1913-14, p. 455. 

*H. hirsuta, Linn. Alien. "Sandy pastures in Europe, extending 
into Normandy and Belgium/' Dunn. 3. Par Harbour, with 
several aliens, on a large heap of sand, Davey, R./.C., /9//, 
p 357- 1920, Tresidder. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder, 
B.E.C., 1920, p. 143. 

Scleranthus annuus, Linn. 
1 . Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

3. Par Sands, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Cornfield, Starrick Moor, 
St. Austell, 1920, Medlin. 

5. Carnkief, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. 

6. Retew Valley, St. Enoder, 1911, Rilstone. Lanner, 1920, 
Harvey. 

8. Rinsey near Porthleven, Tresidder. 

Var. biennis, Reuter (hibernusj Reichb) . 

3. Par Harbour, 1915, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Large 
patch there, 1920, Medlin. The record in B.E.C., 1920, f>. 143, 
for Newquay. Vigurs. really refers to plants collected at 
Charlestown by Mr. Tresidder. 



AMARANTHACEXE. 

*Amaranthus albus, Linn. Alien. 3. Bodmin Road Station, 
1918, Harvey. 



116 CHENOPODIACE/E. 

CHENOPODIACE/E. 

Chenopodium polyspermum, Linn. 

2. Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., 79/7, p. 387. 

6. Between Truro and Malpas, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

*C. album, Linn. var. Pseudoborbasii (Murr. as a sub-species) . 

3. Type, Par, 1913, Daltry, B.E.C., 1913, p. 333. 

*Var. serratifolium, Murr. 

3. Par, Druce, B.E.C., 7972, p. 173. 

*Var. SUbficifolium (Murr. as a sub-species) . 
3. Par, Druce, 1909, B.E.C., 1912, p. 174. 

*C. viridescens, St. Am. var. vivax (Sond) . Alien. 

8. Beach outside Falmouth Docks, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe, 
B.E.C., 1920, pp. 42, 143. 

C. leptophyllum, Nutt. 5. Casual in garden, Lambourne Hill, 
Perranzabuloe, 1918, Rilstone. Cultivated field, Phillack, 
1915, Rees . 

C. murale, Linn. 
3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 
5. Near Holywell Bay, 1916, Rilstone. 

8. Long Rock, Davey, R./.C., 79/7, p. 387. Perranuthnoe, Rev 
H. E. Fox, ibid. 

C. urbicum, Linn. 

3. Par, 1911, H. Groves, Davey, and Vigurs. 

Var. intermedium, Moq. 

5. Plentiful in field, Treludderow, Newlyn East, 1909, Vigurs, 
B.E.C., 1909, p. 469; 1911, p. 56; 1912, p. 221. 

C. rubrum, Linn. 

3. Polruan, 1919, Miss Margaret Baggallay. 

5. Penhale Mine, and damp hollows in Penhale Sands, 1916, 
Rilstone. 

Var. pseudo-botryoides, Wats. 

8. Salt-marsh, Copperhouse near Hayle, 1917, Rilstone. 






CHENOPODIACE/E. 117 



*Var. liumile, Gurke (var. pusillum, Haussk ; sub-sp. botryodes, 
Sender) . 

7. Loe Pool, Rogers, 1857, in Herb. Druce as C. rubrum f. 
B.E.C., 1913, p. 332. 

*C. glaucum, Linn. 

Recorded as an error in the Flora, but now included. 

4. Martyn's yard, Wadebridge, 1918, Thurston. 

5. Field border, Goonhavern, 1914, Tresidder, B.E.C., /9/6, p. 
500. Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. 

6. Waste-ground between Truro and Malpas, Miss M. Cobbe, 
B.E.C., 1916, p. 500. 

C. Bonus-Henricus, Linn. 

The first record (Flora) should read : Borlase, Nat. Hist. Corn., 

1 758. 
3. "Polperro, T. Q. Couch " (Flora). Not seen there by the 

Perrycostes. Looe dust-heaps, 1916-17, Mrs. and H. M. M. 

Perrycoste. 

*C. hircinum, Schrad. Alien. Brazil. 3. Par, 1908, Druce, 
B.E.C., 1912, p. 175. 

*C. Berlandieri, Moq. Alien. Central America. 3. Par, Druce, 
B.E.C., 1913, p. 226. 

*Var. Zschakei, J. Murr (Murr. as a sub-species). Alien. 3. 
Par, Druce, B.E.C., 1912, p. 175. 

*C. Bernburgense (Zschacke). Alien. 6. Beach outside 
Falmouth Docks, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1920, p. 144. 

*C. virgatum, Thunb. Alien. Europe. 5. Phillack Towans 
(sand-dunes), on site of military war camp, 1921, Rees. 

*Spinacia oleracea, Linn. Alien. 8. Hayle, a large beet-like 
looking plant, Druce. The plant, called by market gardeners 
Spinach Beet, on waste ground near Hayle Causeway, 1921, 
Thurston. 

*Atritolex Halimus. Linn. Alien. 5. Planted in recent years 
at Newquay station, by the Gannel. and at Perranporth 
station, and may be expected to become naturalised, Vigurs. 



118 CHENOPODIACEvE. 

A. littoralis, Linn. 

3. Par Sands, 1920, Thurston. 

*A. patula, Linn. var. bracteata, Westl. 

3. Par, 192l,Medlin. 

A. hastata, Linn. 

3. Looe dust-heaps, 1920, Thurston. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

6. Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Poldhu Cove, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Hayle Causeway, 1912, Thurston. 

A. deltoidea, Bab. 

7. Mullion, 1914, Thurston. 

" A. deltoidea, Bab. is now placed as one of the many vars. of 
A. hastata, L." Bab. Man., 10th ed., 1922, p. 590. 

*Var. salina, Bab. 

4. Coast, Portquin, Rev. H. E. Fox, 1910, W.E.C., 1910-11, p. 
308. 

A. Babingtonii, Woods. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Trevone Bay, 1911, Boyden. 

A. laciniata, Linn. 

3. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

5. Constantine Sands, 1918; Porth Towan, 1912, Thurston. 

7. Poldhu Cove, 1914, Thurston. 

A. portuiacoides, Linn. 

2. Salt-marsh, ShilWham, Hawk, R.I.C., 1911, p. 387. 

3. Par Sands. 1920, Thurston. 

*A. hortensis, Linn. Alien. Garden outcast, Par, 1910, Vigurs, 
R.I.C., 1913, p. 226. 

Salico^ia stricta, Dum. 

2. Slt-marsh. Shillingham, Hawk. R.I.C.. 1911. ID. 387. 

3. Marsh by Trelawney river, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
Par Sandr. Davey. 



CHENOPODIACE/E POLYGONACE^E. 119 

*S. appressa, Dum. 

3. Par, Goode, Journ. Bot., 1910, p. 142; R./.C., 1911, ID. 387. 

Suaeda maritima, Dum. 

3. Par Sands, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste,. Charlestown, 

Tresidder. 
7. " Helford " (Flora). Tremayne quay, Tresidder. 

Salsoia Kali, Linn. 

3. Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. Charlestown, Tresidder. 
6. Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

*Var. tenuifolia, Mey. 

3. Charlestown, 1918, Tresidder. 



POLYGONACE/E. 

Polygonum aviculare, Linn. 

Dr. Lindman has, in Scensk Botanisk Tidskrift, 1912, divided 
this into two species, P. heterophyllum and P. cequale. Vide 
B.E.C., 1912, pp. 176-79. 

' Var. erectum. 

3. Par, 1911, Druce, R./.C., 1913, p. 229. 

*P. heterophyllum, Lindm. 

3. Par Harbour, 1913, Vigurs. 

*Var. angUStiSSJmum, Meissn. 

6. Perranwell, 1912, Druce. B.E.C., 1912, p. 177. 

^Hybrid. P. aequale x caloatum. 

3. Par, 1911, with P. cequale, Lindm, Druce, B.E.C., 1913, p. 
393. 

P. Rail, Bab. 

1. Widemouth, 1907, Harvey. 

6. Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 



120 POLYGONACE/E. 

P. maritimum, Linn. 

3 Several plants at Par on sand heaps near the harbour, 
'Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 387. 

P, lapathifolium, Linn. 

5. Perranporth, 1916, Thurston. 

*Var punctatUltl, Gremli. 

5. Perranporth (approaching var. punctatum) 1916, Rilstone. 

6. Falmouth, 1917, Thurston. * With golden glands on under 
side of leaves as well as on the perianth." B.E.C., 1918, p. 
307. 

*Var. incanum, Lej. & Court. 

5. Rejerrah, Newlyn East, 1916, Rilstone. 

P. amphibium, Linn. 

7. Kennack Sands; Hayle Kimbro pond, Lizard road, 1914, 
Thurston. 

Var. terrestre, Koch. 

3. Looe dust-heaps, 1918, Rilstone. 

P. Bistorta, Linn. 

1. Dipper Farm, Whilst one, 1917, Tresidder. 

3. "Port Looe. Couch" (Flora). Still at Port Looe near West 
Looe, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. ^ "Lostwithiel, 
Key's Flora of Devon and Cornwall, 1865-71 ' (Flora). 
Several patches on roadside, Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. 

P. cuspidatum, Sieb. & Zucc. 1 . Rockv Valley near Tintagel. 
1915, Thurston. 5. Gwithian. 6. Gear quarry near road 
from Gwennap to Stithians, abundant; Enys, Mylor; Perran- 
wharf, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 7. Releath, 
Sithney, Hosking, R./.C., 1911, p. 387. 

Fagopyrum sagittatum, Gilib. 

3. Duchy Terrace, Minions. 1920, Harvey. 

5. Trevemper Bridge near Newquay, 1913, Vigurs. 

6. Philleieh. 1913, Thurston. Lanner, 1921, R. L. Smith and 
W. D. Watson. 

8. St. Erth; Lelant, 1912, Thurston. 



POLYGONACE/E THYMELEACE/E. 121 

'Hybrid Rumex conglomeratus x crispus 

Found in Cornwall by Mr. Druce and Dr. Moss, 1911, R./.C., 
79/3, p. 229. 

R. rupestris, Le Gall. 

3. Gravel beach near Looe, 1917, Rilstone. 

R. sanguineus, Linn. 

6. Perranwharf, 1911, Davey. 

Dr. Druce suggests that the records for this plant require over- 
hauling. 

R, maximus, Schreb. 

7. Seen by the Rev. E. S. Marshall at Cunnack's station, Gun- 
walloe, with R. Hyrolapathum, from which it seemed to differ 
specifically, Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 187. 

* 

R. Hydrolapathum, Huds. 

4. Polzeath, St. Minver, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., /9//, p. 387. 

*R. Acetosella, Linn. var. angiocarpus (Murb). 

6. Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, Druce. 'The common plant of 
the British Isles." New Phyt., 1911, p. 319; R./.C., 1913, p. 
229. 

*Sub-var. integrifolia (Wallroth, Sched. Crit., 187, as a var). 

8. Carbis Bay, H. Clarke, B.E.C., 1915, p. 208. 

*Rumex magellanica, Griseb. 5. Phillack To wans (sand-dunes) 
on site of military war camp, 1921, Thurston and Rilstone. 

Dr. Druce writes : Thellung would refer the plant to R. cunei- 
folius, Campd, from S. America. 



THYMELEACEXE. 

Daphne Laureola, Linn. 

I. Marhamchurch, one plant in hedge, 1919, Harvey. 
7. "Antron, Sithney" (Flora). In the grounds of Antron, 1914, 
Thurston. 



122 LORANTHACE/E EUPHORBIACE/E. 

EL/EAGNACE/E. 

Hippophae Rhamnoides, Linn. 

3. Gribbin Head, in a rough stunted plantation, 1920, Tresidder. 
8. "Near St. Erth station " (Flora). A few yards from railway 
bridge near west end of Hayle Causeway, 1921, Rees. 

LORANTHACE/E. 

Viscum album, Linn. 

6. Chacewater Rectory, 1920, Harvey. 

EUPHORBIACE/E. 

Euphorbia Peplis, Linn. 

8. Fifteen plants, Scilly Islands, 1913, White, Journ. Bot., 1914, 
f>. 19; also seen in 1920 by Mr. Hosking. 

E. amygdaloides, Linn. 

1 . Carthamartha Wood, Lezant, Tresidder. 
3. St. Blazey, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

6. Bishop's Wood near Truro, C. G. Henderson, R.I.C., 1911 , 
p. 387. 

7. Poltesco, 1914, Thurston. 

*E. EciHa, Linn. "Central and South-east Europe," Dunn. 
Recorded as an error in the Flora, but now included. 

6. Two separate clumps against the wall of the mill, Falmouth 
Docks, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 127. 

E. ParaMas, Linn. 

8. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. 

E. exigua, Linn. 

5. ShenherrT<3 station, Tresidder. 

7. St. Mart 1 '- church fields. Tresidder. Between Mullion and 
Penhale, Lhard road, 1914, Thurston. 



EUPHORBI ACE/E URTICACE/E . 1 23 

E. L a thy r us, Linn. 

5. Degembris, Newlyn East, Tresidder, R./.C., /9//, f>. 387. 
Wheal Kitty Downs, St. Agnes, 1914, Rilstone. 

Mercurialis perennis, Linn. 

The first record (Flora) should read : T. Q. Couch in Pol. Rep., 

1848. 

In Journal of Botany, 1909, p. 390, the Editor writes : 

' There is, we think, little doubt that the kind of Mercury 
with leaves like spinage, referred to by Borlase in a passage 
placed by Mr. Davey under Mercurialis perennis is Cheno- 
podium Bonus-Henricus, which in Lincolnshire is called Mar- 
query, and eaten as spinage." 

M. annua, Linn. 

3. One plant by roadside near New Road, Looe, 1916, but not 

seen since, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Ballast-heap, 

Charlestown, 1920, Tresidder. 



URTICACE/E. 

Genus Ulmus, 

Since the publication of the Flora, much work has been done 
on the British Elms, and a little on those occurring in Cornwall. 
Although much remains to be done, a few tentative observations 
may be useful. I had the advantage, in 1911, of having the 
trees around Newquay named by Dr. C. E. Moss. The study 
of the Elms is complicated by the different names adopted by 
various writers. C. C. Vigurs. 

Ulmuf glabra, Hudson (U. montana, Stokes ; U. scabra, Miller) . 
Wych Elm. 

Probably rarer than the records in the Flora would suggest, 
and some of them should probably be transferred to U. 
major, Sm. 
5. Two authentic trees at Trevowah, Crantock, Vigurs, B.E.C., 

1914, *>. 160. 
8. Love Lane. Penzance, 1921, Thurston. 



124 URTICACE^E. 

U. major, Sm. (U. hollandica, Miller). 

Usually called the Dutch Elm, though Professor Henry dissents, 
as it is not found in Holland. Probably almost as common as 
the Cornish Elm, and may be native. The few records in the 
Flora give quite a wrong impression of its prevalence. 

3. Row of trees in hedge, Lorigcoombe valley, Polperro; hill 
above Pont leading to Bodinnick ferry, 1921, Rilstone. 

5. A tree at Penpoll, Crantock, B.E.C., 1911, p. 121; 1915, p. 
370. Wheal Francis, Perranzabuloe, Vigurs. 

*Var. Daveyi, Henry. Elwes and Henry, Trees of Great Britain 
and Ireland, VII., 1884, 1913, as a var. of U. major. 

It is underspreading like the type, has very pendulous branches, 
and somewhat pubescent twigs, and the epicormic branches 
never produce corky ridges. The leaves are smaller, 2J/2 in. 
long, 2in. broad. Rare in Cornwall. 

3. Near Coldrenick, Henry. 

5. Near Perranporth, Henry. I think this is an error for Per- 
ranwell in district 6. Davey showed me the tree after which 
Henry named the variety opposite the house "Beech wood." 
C. C, Vigurs. 

U. campestrJS, Linn (U. sativa, Miller; U. surculosa, Stokes). 

The English Elm. 
In the Flora it is indicated as common, but many of the trees 

which were thought to be this we now know as U. major, 

Sm. 
5. A few trees close to Newquay, one being the well known 

arched tree at Tolcarne, named by Dr. Moss. 

*U, glabfa, Miller (U. nitens, Moench). Smooth-leaved Elm. 
3. By stream below garage, Polperro, 1921, Rilstone. A wide- 

sDreading tree overhanging the river, Lostwithiel, 1921, 

Thurston. 

5. One tree at Newquay, Moss. 
8. Avenue. Morrab Gardens, Penzance, 1921, Thurston. 



U. rtricta, Lindlay (U. glabra, Miller, var. stricta, Ley; U. cam- 
ftestris. Linn. pro. parte, var. cornubiense, Loudon; U. sativa, 
Miller, var. cornubiense, and many other synonym?). Cornish 
Elm. 



URTICACE/E MYRICACE/E. 125 

It is, as Professor Henry says, a native, and always reproduced 
by suckers, B.E.C., 1915, p. 280. Davey says it is common in 
most parts of the county. Its strict habit and small leaves 
make it quite easy to identify. ' In Cornwall it usually occurs 
in hedgerows." Moss, Birtish Elms, Card. Chron., 1912. 

The Elms are easy to collect for the purpose of identification, 

only twigs growing from large branches (not suckers), with 
well developed leaves, being necessary. They are not easy 
to identify from written descriptions. A short description of 
them will be found in Bab. Man., 10th ed., 1922, Appendix 
II., pp. 591-3. 

*Urtica tiioica, Linn, forma purpurascens, Druce. 

7. Lanarth near St. Keverne, 1919, P. D. Williams. "The leaves 
are suffused with violet-purple," B.E.C., 1919, p. 575. 

U. urens, Linn. 

3. Fishna Bridge, Polperro, 1914 et sq; Polkerris; Helman Tor 
near sign-post, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

6. Retew Valley near St. Dennis, 1911, Rilstone. Pare Behan, 
Very an, 1913, Thurston. 

8. Hayle; Marazion, 1921, W. Watson. Land's End, 1911, 
Davey. St. Mary's, Scilly, 1898, Davey. 

Cannabis saliva, Linn. 3. Highways, Tywardreath, 1917, Miss 
M. Cobbe. 5. St. Agnes, Miss Snell, R./.C., 1911, p. 387. 

*Helxine Soleirolii, Req. Alien. 6. Churchyard wall, St. Just, 
Roseland, probably an escape from the rectory garden, Miss 
M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 52. 8. Wall of cottage garden. 
Trewidden, Penzance, 1920, Barratt. 






MYRICACE/E. 

Myrica Gale, Linn. 

3. Yearl's Coombe, Trelawney river, 1912 et so, Mrs. and H. 

M. M. Perrycoste. 
6. Mylor.'Bridge, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 






126 CUPULIFER/E SALICACE/E. 

CUPULIFER/E. 

"Hybrid Quercus pedunculata x sessiii flora, 

5. Trenerry Wood, St. Allen, Tresidder. 

Gastanea sativa, Mill. 

Flowering season "May- June" (Flora). Substitute July- August, 

Davey. 
3. Trelawney Wood, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Near 

Duporth, Tresidder. 

6. Mill near Veryan, 1913, Thurston. Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, 
Davey. 

7. Near Mawgan, 1914, Thurston. 

SALICACE/E. 

Saiix triandra, Linn. 

3. Transfer the record for Hendersick (Flora) to S. fragilis, and 
add Tredudwell; near Sowden's Bridge; Longcoombe, Pol- 
perro, F. H. Perrycoste. 

S. fragilis, Linn. 

3. Edge of stream, Rotterdam, and marsh opposite gate of 
Talland vicarage; Warren cliff, Polperro; one tree in front 
of Longcoombe cottage near Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. Swamp along railway, Lostwithiel, 1920, 
Rilstone. 

S, alba, Linn. 

3. Morval Park near Looe, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
5. Near Gustivean, St. Columb Minor, 1912; Russia Valley, 
Cubert, 1913. Vigurs. 

5. viminalis, Linn. 

3. Swamp along railway, Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. 

6. Swamp near Port Holland, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Osier bed between Trerise Farm and Kuggar, 1914, 
Thurston. 

Hybrid. S, aurita x cinerea. 

5. Gustivean farmyard, Si. Columb Minor, 1919, Vigurs. 



SALICACE/E. 127 

Hybrid. S. aurita x viminalis. 

6. Truro, 1911. Druce. 

t 

S. caprea, Linn. 

8. A form with red veins to the leaves, and young stamens 
purplish, Trevaylor, near Gulval, 1921, W. Watson. 

S. repens, Linn. 

1. Moor near Bolventor, 1920, H. S. Thompson. 

3. Court Wood, Lanreath, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Tresidder, R./.C., 1911, p. 387. 
5. Swamp near Carnkief pond, Perranzabuloe, 1 91 5, Thurston. 

Silverwell Moor, Rilstone. 
8. Carbis Bay, 1912, Thurston. , 

Owing to scarcity of material in Cornwall, the broccoli basket 
makers of Penzance and Marazion obtain their supply of 
willows mainly from Somerset, Thurston. 

Populus alba, Linn. 

3. Trelawney Mill; near Lanteglos rectory; Lanreath, Mrs. and 
H, M. M. Perrycoste. 

7. Cottage near Mullion Cove, 1911, Thurston. 

Hybrid. P. alba x tremula (P. canescens, Sm) . 

8. Bank of stream, Penzance; Hele Ager Moor near Sennen, 
1921, Thurston. 

P. nigra, Linn. 

1. Wellington Hotel, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Delete the record for Polperro (Flora). 

P. deltoides, Marsh. 

Mr. Druce writes: "To this must, I think, be referred all, or 
nearly all the Cornish records." Journ. Bot., 191 J , p. 303. 
The records for P. nigra in the Flora require revision. 

*P serotina (Hartig). Black Italian Poplar. 

3. Trelawne; Lansallos, 1920, Mrs. Perrycoste. 

Mr. A. B. Jackson writes : " It is the commonest Poplar in 
cultivation, and now considered by many to be a hybrid be- 
tween the American Populus monilifera, Ait (deltoides, 
Marsh), and the Black Poplar, P. nigra. 



128 HYDROCHARIDE/E ORCHIDACE^E. 

CONIFER/E. 

Juniperus communis, Linn. 

3. Two small plants on Par Sands, 1917, C. Bucknall and F. H. 
Perrycoste. 

Pinus Pinaster, Ait. 

" At Trevethoe, Mr. Praed has taken a great deal of trouble to 
raise his plantations in a situation where they are exposed to 
both the south-west wirds, and also the northern winds, being 
the highest ground between the Bristol Channel and St 
George's, in that part of the country. After making a great 
number of unsuccessful experiments at a great expense, in 
order to find out some hardy plant that would shelter the more 
slender trees, he was led to try the pine-aster fir, from ob- 
serving that this tree grew well spontaneously from some 
cones which happened to be accidently scattered in one of 
the fields near his house." Fraser, General View of the County 
of Cornwall, 1794, p 60 

HYDROCHARIDE/E. 

Elodea canadensis, Michx. 

7. Carminowe Creek, Loe Pool, 1911, Davey. 

ORCHIDACE/E. 

"Malaxis paludosa, Sw. 

Recorded as a possible error in the Flora, but row included. 

3. Several plants at edge of bog near the ponds above Ward- 
brook Farm, Cheesewring, P. and K. Hambly, Journ. Bot., 
19W, p. 259; R.I.C., 1911, p. 388. 

Neottia Nidus-avis, Rich. 

1. "On fir roots at Week St. Mary Vicarage" (Flora). Fir trees 
cut down, and grown relaid. No sign of it in 1915, Thurston. 

Listera ovata, Br. 

1 . Dipper Farm, Whitstone; Week St. Mary, Tresidder. Coornbe 
Valley; Minster Valley, 1915, Thurston. 



ORCHIDACE/E. 129 

3. One plant at Saint's Hill, Polperro, 191 1 et sq; about twelve 
plants near Talland end of JBridle lane, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. Boconnoc, 1874, Herb. Penzance Museum. Be- 
tween marsh and railway, Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. 
Avenue, Biscovey, Medlin. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

6. Lamorran Wood, 1913, Thurston. "Garlic Lane, Mylor * 
(Flora). For Garlic read Garrick. "Greatwood," Mylor, 
1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

8. Orchard, Coswinsawsen Farm, Gwinear, 1918, Rees. 

Spiranthes spiralis, Koch. 

1. Minster Valley, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston, 

2. Round Tregantle Fort, 1920, Medlin. 

3. Crinnis, Medlin. 

5. Carnkief and Penwartha, Perranzabuloe, 1911, Rilstone. 

6. Bargus Moor, Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R./.C., /9//, f>. 
388. Wheal Damsel, Carnmarth, Miss Lawn, ibid. 

7. Downs between the Lizard and Kynance, 1911, Davey. 
Cliff, Mullion Cove, 1914, Thurston. 

Helleborine latifolia, Druce. 

1. Tamerton, 1915, Harvey. Hexworthy Wood, 1915, Wise. 

Several places in Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 
3. One or two plants in grounds of Trenean near Hessen- 

ford, 1915, Miss Boucher. Several exceptionally tall plants 

on roadside near Glynn Lodge, Liskeard-Bodmin road, 1920, 

Pease. 

Orchis morio, Linn. 

3. "Talland, Couch " (Flora). Not seen there by the Perry - 

costes. 
7. Cadgwith, 1914, Miss A. B. Cobbe. Between Poltesco and 

Cadgwith; Pradannack Downs, 1914, Thurston. Penhale, 

Miss C. E. Larter, R./.C., 1911, p. 388. 

0. incarnata, Linn. 

7. Ruan Major, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

*0. praetermissa, Druce. 

Many of the marsh orchids formerly included under O. latifolia, 
having, inter alia, unspotted leaves narrowing from the base 
upwards, have been separated by Dr. Druce under the name 
O. prcetermissa. Vide B.E.C., 79/3, p. 339; 1917, p. 149; 
1919, p. 576; Bab. Man., 10th ed., 1922, pp. 594-5. 



130 ORCHIDACE^E. 

1. Millook, Harvey, B.E.C., 1914, p. 75. 

3. Par, Harvey, loc. cit. 

4. St. Enodoc Marsh, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Newquay, 1914, Vigurs. Perranporth, 1916, Harvey. Lam- 
briggan, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. 

6. Swamp and valley near Very an, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Lizard, F. J. Smith, B.E.C., 1915, p. 212. 

*Hybrid. 0. prsetermissa x maculata, Linn. vera. 
6. Perranwell, Druce, B.E.C., 1914, p. 24. 

0. ericetorum, Linton (O. maculata, Linn. var. prcecox, 
Webster). 

3. Bodmin Moor, 1920, Thurston. 

8. Tremithick Moor, 1912, Hosking. 

In the Journal of Botany, 192 /, p. 305, Colonel Godfery points 
out that O. ericetorum, Linton, is identical with O. elodes, 
Griesbach, and, as that name dates from 1845, while Linton's 
O. ericetorum dates from 1900 (Flora of Bournemouth], and 
O. maculata var. prcecox, Webster, from 1886, the name of 
the plant must be O. elodes, Griesbach, or O. maculata var. 
elodes. 

Habenaria conopsea, Benth. 

4. St. Breock Downs, 1915, Thurston. 

H. bifolia, Br. 

1. Road between Morwenstow and Kilkhampton, 1911, G. C. 
Henderson. 

3. The record for Trelawney Hill (Flora) should be transferred 
to H. virescens. Two spots in Yearl's Coombe, Trelawney 
river, Miss C. Grigg; 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
Prideaux near St. Blazey, Medlin. Crinnis, 1912, J. H. 
Collins. 

7. Coverack; Goonhilly Downs, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 1911, 
p. 388. 

H. virescens, Druce. 

2. Woods above Lynher river, 1919, H. S. Thompson. 

1 . Waste moorland on top of Tresparret Downs near the 
Highcliff, 1921, Smith-Pearse. 

3. One plant by roadside near Lan^reek, 1911; abundant bv 
high road west of East Taphouse, F. H. Perrycoste. Church 
bridge, Duloe, 1906, Adams. 



IRIDACE/E AMARYLLIDACE/E. 131 

H. bifolia and H. virescens. 

2. Near Tokenbury between Pensilva and Upton, apparently 
hybridising, 1919, H. S. Thompson. 



IRIDACE/E. 

Iris foetidissima, Linn. 

1. Poughill, 1906, Harvey. Bude, Tresidder. 

3. To "Cliffs near Lansallos" (Flora) add above Queen's beach; 

abundant above Lantic,Bay; Polkerris cliffs, Mrs. and H. M. 

M. Perrycoste. Gribbin head, Medlin. 

1. tuberosa, Linn. 

8. Near Ludgvan, 1914, Miss Waterer. 

*Tritonia crocosmiflora, Nicholson (Montbretia crocosmiflora). 
Alien. An outcast at Par Harbour. Falmouth Docks, Perran- 
ar-worthal, Penzance, and other places. A garden hybrid, 
occurring as a casual near Feock, recorded in B.E.C., 1911, 

r>.34. 

*Sisyrinchium angusti folium, Mill. Alien. 1. Among heather 
near Bnde, Rothschild, B.E.C., 1912, p. 217. 



AMARYLLIDACE>C. 

Narcissus Pseudo-Narcissus, Linn. 

1 . Kelleigh, Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

2. Kernock. Pillaton. Hawk, R./.C., 1911, f>. 388. 

3. Mount, Par, Medlin. 

N. odor US, Linn. According to Mr. Evans var. heminalis, Hort, 
B.E.C., 1909, p. 424. 

6. "Plentiful in a damp meadow and old hedge banks between 
London Aporentice and Sticker'* (Flora). Meadow ploughed 
up, and " thousands of bulbs sold." No sign of it when the 
spot was visited by Dr. Vigurs and Mr. Thurston in March, 
1911. Half a dozen plants seen in the hedge by Mrs. Wedg- 
wood in 1919. 



1 32 AMAR YLLIDACE/E LILIACE/E . 

N. biflorus, Curt. 

3. Field at Portlooe near West Looe, Miss C. Grigg. 

4. Tregorden near Egloshayle, 1918, Thurston. 

5. Illogan, Herb. Penzance Museum. 
7. St. Martin, 1912, Miss Vivian. 

N. poeticus. Linn. 

3. Marsh at Sandplace, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

Galanthus nivalis, Linn. 

3. Add to "Near Polperro" (Flora) in Longcoombe; orchard at 
Kilmanorth, Talland. Very abundant in several fields at Tre- 
newan and Tregamellyn; Treworgey between Tredinnick and 
Looe, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 



LILIACE/E. 

Ruscus aculeatus, Linn. 

1 . Week St. Mary rectory. Cottage garden, and Penally 

House, Boscastle, 1915, Thurston. 
3. "Polperro, T. Q. Couch " (Flora). Cliff above Nolland 

Point between Polperro and Lansallos, 1917, Mrs. and H. M. 

M. Perrycoste. Golant, Medlin. 

5. The Grove, St. Agnes, Rilstone. 

6. Stithians, Tresidder. 

7. Erisey near Mullion, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Marazion, 1911, Davey. Lelant, Rees. 

Asparagus maritimus, Mill. 

7. East of Kynance, 1911, Davey. Cliff at Rill Head, 1900, 
W. T. Miller. Cliff west of the Horse, Kynance, 1897; 
abundant on the landslip west of Kynance Cove, 1917, Mrs. 
and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

*A. OfficinaliS, Linn. var. altilis, Linn. Casual. 

1. Rocky Valley near Tintagel, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Par Sands, 1911, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste; abundant 

there, 1917, Miss A. $. Cobbe, B.E.C., 79/7, f>. 130. 
5. Constantine Sands, a single plant known to Mr. C. G. Lamb 

for many years. 



LILIACE^E. 133 

Allium Ampeloprasum, Linn. var. bulbiferum, Syme. 
I. Crackington Haven, one plant, 1915, Thurston. 

A. Babingtonli, Borr. 

3. Established from Poltesco in Mr. Perrycoste's garden at 
Polperro. 

5. " Newquay, Vigurs " (Flora). A few plants at Porth and 
Trerice Mill; near Penpoll, Crantock; the Gannel at foot of 
Kill Lane; abundant in a patch at Trevemper Bridge, Vigurs. 

A. Schoenoprasum, Linn. 

3. Par Sands and adjacent railway embankment, 1917, Miss 

M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 79/7, p. 130. 
7. The Rev. E. S. Marshall doubted the occurrence of this 

species in the Lizard peninsula, W.E.C., 79/7-78, p. 77. 

A. sibiricum, Linn. 

7. "Collected at Mullion; cultivated at Cardiff, it has lost all 
its distinguishing characters, and is indistinguishable from 
Schoenoprasum, Paul W. Richards. This note ... is 
worth testing," B.E.C., 7979, p. 652. The plant abounds on 
Pradannack Downs near Mullion Cove. 

A. triquetrum, Linn. 

''Native apparently " (Flora). Frequently introduced. 

3. Garden patch, Talland sands; cliff west of Gigger Cove; 
coastguard gardens, Polperro, all introduced, F. H. Perry- 
coste. Near Sweets House, Lostwithiel, introduced, Vigurs. 

5. Watering (Water Splash) south of Trevedras, and Carnanton 
Woods, Mawgan, possibly native; by Parkin's shop, St. 
Columb Minor, introduced, 1912. Vigurs, B.E.C., 1913, p. 498. 

6. In many spots round My lor Bridge, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. Falmouth Docks. Davey, 1911. 

7. Cadgwith village, Miss C. E. Larter, R./.C., 7977, p. 388. 
Church wall, Landewednack; Sithney churchyard, 1914, 
Thurston. 

8. Tremethick Cross; Hea Moor; Ludgvan, 1913, Miss M. 
Cobbe. Abundant at Drift near Sancreed, 1921, Thurston. 

A. ursmum, Linn. 

6. Daubuz Moor, Truro, 1911, and for many years previously, 
Davey. 

7. Chypons near Mullion, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 



134 LILIACE/E JUNCACE/E. 

*A. roseum, Linn. var. bulbiferum. Alien. 8. Abundant, and 
perfectly naturalised in a field at St. Mary's, Scilly Isles, 1912, 
Miss Vivian, R./.C., 79/3, p. 226. 

Scilla autumnalis, Linn. 

3. Par Harbour, a few plants, 1920, Medlin. 

7. St. Martin-in-Meneage, Tresidder. Poltesco, 1914, Thurston. 

S. verna, Huds. 

4. Lundy Cove, abundant, 1910, Rev. H. E. Fox. 

*S. campanulata, Ait. Alien. In Journ. Bot. 9 Sept., 1920, the 
Editor has a note on this plant. Briefly, he had noticed on 
a picture of Richmond Park in the Underground Railway a 
group of unmistakeable S. campanulata, and learnt from the 
artist, Mr. Tafani, through his agent Mr. Oliver, that the 
flower grew in the Park. The agent added that he had seen 
the plant in Middlesex and the West of England, instancing 
"a moist and mossy spot in a wood off the road between 
Perranporth and Truro." This Scilla, which grew like a weed 
in a garden near Perranzabuloe church, has strayed into a 
hedge-bank outside, 1921, Rilstone. Recorded as S. his- 
panica, Mill. B.E.C., 1920, p. 150. 

Ornithogalum umbellatum, Linn. 

3. Two plants, Par Sands, garden outcast, 1912, Vigurs. 

5. Little Callestick, Perranzabuloe, 1916, Thurston. 

6. Bissoe, 1912, Dayey. 

8. "Near Marazion" (Flora). Between St. Erth and Marazion, 
Rees. 

Asphodelus fistulosus, Linn. 5. Sandy field, Phillack, 1915, 
Rees. 

Lilium pyrenaicum, Gouan. 8. Lamorra (Lamorna ?), Pen- 
zance, half mile from nearest habitation, 1913, Ullman, 
'B.E.C., 1913, p. 394. 

JUNCACE/E. 

Muncus ranarius, Nees (Linncea, XX, 243, 1840) . 

7. Lizard. '* For a great part it is the var. fasciculatus, Koch, 
of British .Botanists." B.E.C., 1911, p. 35. In New Phyt., 
April, 1912, the claim of /. ranarius to specific rank is dis- 
allowed. Vide Journ. Bot., 1912, p. 207. 



JUNCACE/E. 135 

J. squarrosus, Linn. 

1 . Goscott Moor, Week St. Mary, Tresidder. Laneast Down, 

1919, Foott. 
3. Carslake near St. Austell, Medlin. 

J. compressus, Jacq. 

6. "Falmouth" (Flora). Falmouth Docks, 191 7, Thurston. 

J. Gerardi, Lois. 

5. Harlyn Bay, 1911, Miss Spettigue. 

6. Marsh, Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 

J. tenuis, Willd. 

* 'Native " (Flora). An American species, which has become 
widely distributed over England, Ireland and Scotland during 
recent years. W.E.C., 1918-20, p. 118. 

2. Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., 1911, p. 388. 

3. Patch on roadside between Bodmin Road and Bodmin, 1920, 
Rilstone and Thurston. 

J. inflexus, Linn. 

4. Pond between St. Endellion and St. Minver, 1915, 
Thurston. 

5. Penhallow, Rilstone. 

*Hybrid. J. effUSUS x inflcxus (/. diffusus, Hoppe) . 
Recorded as a probable error in the Flora, but now included. 
3. Par Harbour, 1922, Medlin. 5. Crantock Plains, 1914, 

Vigurs, B.E.C.. 1915, t>. 283. Carnkief, Perranzabuloe, 1912, 

Tresidder, R./.C., 1913, p. 229. 

J. maritimus, Lam. 

3. Several places at Looe; marsh, Watergate, Trelawney river; 
reef between Stinkers beach and ACSODS near Talland, Mrs. 
and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Lantivet cliffs, Rilstone. Polmear 
near Par, Medlin. 

*Var. atlanticus, White. 

8. Salt-marsh, St. Mary's, Scilly, 1913, J. W. White and E. A. 
Stideford. Short bract, often only one-quarter to o^e-sixth of 
panicle, B.E.C., 1913, p. 499; Journ. Bot., 1914, p. 19; W.E.C., 



136 JUNCACE/E. 

1913-14, p. 461; 1914-15, p. 510. " Prof. Lindman thought 
that the specimen sent to him was a monstrosity rather than 
a true variety; and Mr. R. S. Adamson rather a luxuriant 
form than a true variety," B.E.C., 1914, p. 27. Mr. White 
suggests that the name atlanticus should be regarded as pro- 
visional, till the plant has been compared with specimens of 
/. rigidus in the Rouy Herbarium at Paris, B.E.C., 1914, p. 

164. 

J. blllbOSUS, Linn. var. Kochii (F. Schultz) . 

17. The Lizard, 1911, Druce, New Phyt., 1911, p. 321. 

J. pygmaeilS, Rich (mutabilis, Lam). 

7. In small quantities on drying mud near Ruan Pool, Mar- 
shall, /own. Bot., 1918, p. 187. Lizard Downs, 1914, Miss M. 
Cobbe. Damp cart tracks on the Downs between the Lizard 
and Hayle Kimbro, Miss A. B. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1916, p. 505. 

J. capitatus, Weigel. 

7. St. Martin-in-Meneage, 1919, Tresidder. About four miles 
north-east of the original locality near Kynance, Miss A. J3. 
Cobbe; recorded as " eight miles east,'* B.E.C., 79/6, p. 505. 

8. In considerable quantity in damp places on cliffs about two 
miles west of St. Ives, 1919, Downes. Recorded in error as 
/. pygm<sus, Journ. Bot., 1919, p. 260. 

This species has been found near Rhosneigr, Anglesey, B.E.C., 
1918, p. 402. 

*Luzula albida, DC. Alien. 3. Near Liskeard, 1913. Miss 
Cicely Foster, as Juncoides nemorosum, Morong, B.E.C., 
1913, p. 385. 

L. Forsteri (DC) . 

3. "Hessenford" (Flora). Abundant on roadside between No 
Man's Land and Hessenford; lane to Looe dust heaps, 1919, 
Thurston. Frequent between Par and Luxulyan, Salisbury. 
Tregrehan near St. Austell, Tresidder. 

Hybrid. L. Forsteri x pilosa. 

4. Hustyn Wood, St. Breock, Curnow teste Arthur Bennett, 
R./.C., 1911, p. 388. 



JUNCACE/E T YPHACE/E . 137 

L. pilosa, Willd. 

3. Shutta lane, East Looe; Court Wood, Lanreath, Mrs. and 
H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

4. Lane from Burlorne to Hustyn Mill, St. Breock, 1915, 
Thurston. 

6. Arallas, Ladock, 1915, Vigurs. 

8. Curthen and Gurlyn Woods near Relubbus four miles E. 
of Marazion, 1922, Rees. 

L. sylvatica, Gaud. 

1 . Week St. Mary; Jacobstow, Tresidder. 

3. Golant, Medlin. Railway between Par Sands and St. 
Blazey, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

6. Lamorran Wood, 1913, Thurston. 

L. multiflora, DC. 

3. Roadside near Hessenford, 1919, Rilstone. 

Var. congesta, Lej. 

7. Lizard Downs, 1914, Thurston. 



TYPHACE/E. 

Typha latifolia, Linn. 

1 . Goscott Mill, Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 
3. Large patch in Seaton Marsh, 1915, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. Par Harbour, 1920, Medlin. 

5. Trewassick, St. Columb Minor, Tresidder. 

6. Ennis Farm, Ladock, Tresidder. 

7. Loe Pool, 1921, R. L. Smith and W. D. Watson. 

Sparganium neglectum, Beeby. 

3. Trelawne Mill near Looe, 1917, Rilstone. 

5. Perranporth, 1911, Davey. 

6. Trenerry Wood, St. Allen, Tresidder. 

5. simplex, Huds. 

6. Trenerry Wood, St. Allen, Tresidder. 

Var. longissimum, Fries. 

3. Stream, Helman Tor Moor, 1920, Thurston. 



138 LEMNACE/E ALISMACE/E. 

ARACE/E. 
Arum italicum, Mill. 

3. Cliff west of Nolland, one and half mile west of Polperro. 

m 1918, W. B. C. Perrycoste. 

5. Trevowah and Treago; south of the Gannel, Crantock, 

Vigurs. 

*Dracunculus vulgaris, Schott (Arum Dracunculus, Linn). Alien. 
Garden origin. 5. Hedge, Penwortha Coombe near Perran- 
porth, Bunney, B.E.C., 1918, p. 309. 



LEMNACE/E. 

Lemna trisulca, Linn. 

The first record (Flora) should read : W. P. Cocks in Poly- 
technic Report, 1849, f>. 93. He there mentions Hydra vul- 
garis as living on the under surface of the plant in the marsh 
at Gyllyngvase, Falmouth. 

8. Pool, Chy-an-hal Moor, 1921, W. Watson., 



ALISMACE/E. 

Alisma Plantago-aquatica, Linn. 

3. Marsh, Par, Medlin. 

4. Pond between St. Endellion and St. Minver, 1915, Thurston. 

6. Swamp, Very an, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Poldhu Valley, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Near Madron Well, 1913, Rees. 

A. lanceolatum, With. 

3. Marsh, Par, 1919, Rilstone. 

5. Abundant, with A. Plantago, on roadside between Perran- 
porth and Bolingey, 1916, Thurston. 

Professor Gliick agrees with me ... in considering that 
lanceolatum is not specifically distinct. Alisma Plantago- 
aquatica, L. var. latifolium, Kunth, is an analagous variety 
on one side, as the variety lanceolatum is on the other side 
of the species." Druce, B.E.C., 1910, p. 509. 



ALISMACE/E NAIADACE/E. 139 

A. ranunculoides, Linn (Echinodorus ranunculoides^ Engelm) . 

3. Marsh, Par, 191 1 , Druce, Journ. Bot., 1911, p. 302. 

7. Pond near Penhale, Lizard road, 1914, Thurston, Near 

Lowland Point, Coverack; Kynance, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 

1911, p. 388. 

* Forma graminifolius, Gliick. 

6. Mabe Reservoir, 1911, Davey, R./.C., 79/3, p 229. 

Professor Gliick examined the specimens, and pronounced them 
Echinodorus ranunculoides (L), Engelmann, forma gramini- 
folius, Gliick -Alisma ranunculoides , L, /. graminifolius. 

"Sagittaria sagittifolia, Linn. Native? 

3. Landividdy Hill, Lansallos. A single plant by a secluded 

spring growing out of the dripping moss on the bank of a 

runnel, 1918, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1918, p. 403. 



NAIADACE/E. 

Triglochin maritimum, Linn. 

2. Salt-marsh, Shillingham, Hawk, R./.C., /9//, p. 388. 

3. Par Sands, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

6. Marsh, Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Gweek, 1914, Thurston. 

*Var. exangularc, Reichb. 

5. Penpoll Creek, Gannel, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1915, p. 284. 

Potamogeton natans, Linn. 

3. "Polperro, Couch" (Flora). Mr. Perrycoste confirms the 
record. 

5. Pools among sandhills near Perranporth, Rilstone. 

6. Trevella, St. Erme; Trenerry Wood, St. Allen, Tresidder. 

P. perfoliatus, Linn. 

7. Lake, Helston town, 1916, Tresidder. 

P. CfiSpUS, Linn. 

1. Canal, Bude, 1915, Thurston. 



140 NAI ADACE/E. 

P. PUSHIUS, Linn. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Tresidder. 

5. In a rapid stream flowing into Holy well Bay, with long 
peduncles, 1915, Rilstone. " Here it might be said the stream 
induces the lengthy peduncles, but longer are produced on 
a var. of the species on Sable Island off the Canadian coast, 
where the plant grows in a lagoon.*' A. Bennett, B.E.C., 
1917, p. 252. 

Var. tenuissimus, Koch. 

6. Trenerry Wood, St. Allen, Tresidder. 

P. panormitenus, Bivona Bemardi (P. gracilis, Fries, P. Nottei, 
Ar. Benn, JouVn. Bot., 1890, p. 300). 

Mr. W. H. Pearsall writes : " Of herbarium specimens we have 
seen many of those labelled P. pusillus or trichodes, and all 
those under P. pusillus var. tenuissimus, are this species/* 
Journ. Bot., June, 1921. See also W.E.C., 7920-27, p. 148. 
P. panormitanus is described by Hagstrom in his Critical Re- 
searches on Potamogeton, 7976, pp. 98-103. Stipules (ligules 
of Hagstrom) connate; gemmae (turios of H) much smaller and 
differently formed to those of P. pusillus. 

*P. pectinatUS, Linn. var. diffuSUS, Hagstrom. 

8. Penzance, Herb. Druce, B.E.C., 7979, p. 583. 

Ruppia maritima, Linn. 

3. Salt-water pool, Par beach, 1911, Davey. 

Zannichellia palustris, Linn. 

3. Morval pond near Looe, 1913, Mrs. Sandwith. The other 
species (Z. pedunculata) is recorded is the Flora from very 
near the outlet from the pond. 

7. Poltesco, 1920, Downes. 

Zostera nana. Roth. 

3. Dense mass exposed at low tide on bed of Fowey river, 
St. Winnow, Rilstone and Thurston. 



CYPERACEy*E. 141 

CYPERACE/E. 

Cyperus longus, Linn. 

5. Victoria Public Gardens, Newquay. "I expect it is an 
unique thing for a Public Garden to have an indigenous 
patch of this plant. There is another patch in the same 
valley, and there are at least three other patches (one of half 
an acre) within six miles. Strangely it appears to be very 
rare in East Cornwall." Vigurs, B.E.C., 1908, p. 401. 

6. Giddley Well, Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, 
Thurston. 

Eleocharis multicaulis, Sm 

3. Bogs N.E. of Bolventor, 1921, H. S. Thompson. Sand- 
place, 1913, Mrs. Sandwith. 

6. Marsh between Truro and Callestick, 1919, Rilstone. 

Scirpus pauciflorus, Lightf. 

5. Trebisken Moor, Cubert. Plenty near south end of plank 
causeway with S. compressus, 1914, Vigurs. 

7. Grade, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. 

S. fluitans, Linn. 

7. Goonhilly Downs; Polkerris Moor, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Mogezal (Nanjizal?) Bay, by the stream thereto, Rev. H. 
E. Fox. 

S. filiformis, Savi. 

5. Perranporth, 1915, Thurston. 

Var monostachys, Clarke & Marshall. 
5. Polly win, Colan, Vigurs. 

S. setaceus, Linn. 

3. Trenean Marsh near Hessenford, 1914. Mrs. and H. M. M. 

Perrycoste. Prideaux near St. Blazey, Medlin. 
5. Polly win, Colan, Vigurs. 

S. Tabernsemontani, Gmel. 

3. Marsh. Sandplace, Rilstone. Pond, Morval park, Mrs. and 
H. M. M. Perrycoste. 



142 CYPERACE^E. 

5. maritimus, Linn. 

1. Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

6. Marsh, Ruan Lanihorne, 1913, Thurston. 

Var COnglobatUS, Gray. 

5. Trenance Valley, Vigurs. 

Var. COngiobatUS, Gray, and var. monostaohys, Sender. 

3. Par Sands, Miss A. B. Cobbe and F. Rilstone. 
5. Dennis Cove, Padstow, 1918, Thurston. 

S. sylvaticus, Linn. 

1. Trefrouse Mill, Week St. Mary, 1917, Tresidder. 

S. compressus, Pers. 

5. "Perranportrf ' (Flora). Marsh near Perranporth, Rilstone, 
B.E.C., 79/5, p. 575. 

*Var. erectus, Uechtr. 

5. Perranporth, Rilstone. "This gradually merges into the 
type." B.E.C., /9/9, p. 583. 

Eriophorum vaginatum, Linn. 

2. Between Trewartha and Hawke Tor, 1920. E. Thompson. 

4. Crowdy Marsh between Brown Willy and Davidstow, Wise. 
Roche Holy Well, one plant, 1912, Vigurs. 

Rynchospora alba, Vahl 

I. Badgall Down, Laneast, Reid, R./.C., /9//, f>. 388. 

5. Music Water, St. Ervan, 1911, Miss Spettigue. Wheal But- 
son, St. Agnes, 1911, Rilstone. 

Schoenus nigricans, Linn. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Medlin. 

5. Wheal Butson, St. Agnes, 1911, Rilstone. 

Carex dioica, Linn. 

3. "Marsh near Polperro, Couch" (Flora). Not found by the 
Perrycostes. 

C B divisa, Huds. 

3. Patch at Seaton Estuary, 1919, Thurston and Rilstone. 



CYPERACE/E. 143 

C. disticha, Huds. 

4. "St. Minver " (Flora). Marsh, Polzeath, 1915, Thurston. 

C, arenaria, Linn. 

1 . Launceston railway station. Shown to E. Thurston by W. 

^ Wise, 1915. 

5. Perranporth sandhills. "All have a few female flowers in 
the upper spike, and this appears to be the general rule in 
Cornish plants of C. arenaria." Davey, W.E.C., 1911-12, p. 
363. 

7. Kennack Sands; Poldhu Cove, 1914, Thurston. 

C. paniculata, Linn. 

1. Wooded hollow E. of Week St. Mary, 1915, Thurston. 

3. Trelawney Mill, 1912; Freshwater near Polperro; Watergate 

between Polperro and Pelynt, 1912; Court Wood Marsh, Lan- 

reath, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

6. My lor Bridge, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

7. Gweek Wood; Carmine we Creek, Loe Pool, 1914, Thurston. 

8. St. Mary's, Scilly, 1922, Downes. 

Forma simplicior, And. (var. simplex, Gray) . 
3. Tregorrick near St. Austell, 1920, Tresidder. 

C. vulpina, Linn. 

6. Goss Moor; beach, Portscatho, 1913, Thurston. Chyvogue, 
Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, Davey. Devoran, 1917, Miss M. 
Cobbe. 

7. Kennack, Tresidder. 

8. Lamorna, 1911, Davey. 

*Hybrid. C. paniculata x vulpina (x Boenninghausiana, 
Weihe) . 

8. Penzance, 1878, Curnow in Herb. Piquet, B.E.C., 1920, p. 

156. 
The hvbrid Boenninghausiana, Weihe, is usually understood to 

be C. paniculata x remota. 

C. contigua, Hoppe (C. muricata, auct. angl ; C. muricata, sub- 
sp. macrocarpa, Neuman) . 

3. Pleaton, Polperro, 1911, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
Boscoppa, Tresidder. 



144 CYPERACE/E. 

5. Sunny Corner, Padstow, 1911, Miss Spettigue. St. Agnes, 
1913, Rilstone. 

7. Kestle near Helford, 1920, Tresidder. 

8. Rinsey near Porthleven, Tresidder. Wall, Penzance, 1921, 
Thurston. 

C. muricata, Linn (C. muricata, Linn, sub-sp. micro carp a, Neu- 

man ; C. Paircei, F. Schultz) . 
3. Cliff path, East Looe, 1918, Rilstone. 
7. Abundant on dry roadside banks just south of Mullion, 

Marshall, Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 187; B.E.C., 79/7, p. 253. 

*Var. Leersii (F. Schultz) . 

7. Grassy ground by Loe Pool near Penrose Creek, as C. 
Leersii. Marshall, Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 187. 

C. divulsa, Stokes. 

3. Cliff path, East Looe, 1916, Rilstone. Ballast-heap, Charles- 
town, 1921, Tresidder. 

5. Waste ground by roadside. Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, 
1920, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1920, p. 254. 

C. remota, Linn. 

3. Portlooe near West Looe, Miss C. Grigg. 
5. St. Cohimb, 1911, Miss Spettigue. 

7. GweekWood, 1914, Miss M. Cobbe. Garden, Mawnan 
Sanctuary, 1914, Thurston. 

C. canescens, Lois. 

7. "Near the Lizard, 1886" (Flora). Pool, Lizard Downs, 
1917, Marshall, W.E.C., 1917-18, p. 83. 

C. leporina, Linn. 

3. Trelawney river; Talland, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry coste. 
5. St. Agnes, Rilstone. Penponds, Camborne, 1916, Bunney. 
7. Gunwalloe, 1916, Smith-Pearse. 

C. elata, All. 

7. Pplurrian Marsh, 1920, Dowries. 

C. Goodenowti, Gay. var. recta, Asch. & Graeb. 

4. Castle Killibury, 1913, Vigurs. 



CYPERACE/E 145 

*Var. chlorostachya, Asch 

7. Lizard, a very obese form, Lady Davy, B.E.C., /9/6, p. 507. 

C. flacca, Schreb. 

"Nowhere abundant " (Flora). By far the commonest sedge 
round Newquay, Vigurs. 

C. pallescens, Linn. 

I. Trewince Wood, Week St. Mary, 1917, Tresidder. 

4. St. Kew, 1918, Tresidder. 

C. pendula, Huds. 

1 . Stratton, Tresidder. 

3. Longcoombe, Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

Bridge, Lerryn; cultivated in a neighbouring garden, 1920, 

Harvey. 

. sylvatica, Huds. 

1 . Abundant at Week St. Mary, Tresidder. Stream, Millook, 
1915, Thurston. 

3. Portlooe near West Looe, Miss C. Grigg . Talland end of 
Bridle Lane, opposite Trelawne Lodge, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. Doublebois, 1916; Lerryn, Rilstone. 

5. Mawgan, 1912, Vigurs. 

' -6. Tredrea, Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R./.C., 79/7, p. 388. 
7. Gweek Wood, 1914, Thurston. Trelowarren, Tresidder. 

C. helodes, Link. 

2. By tributary of the Lynher, 1919, H. S. Thompson, W.E.C., 
1918-20, p. 123. 

3. Longcoombe, and Reservoir Marsh, Polperro; Court Wood, 
Lanreath, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

6. Tresillian, 1915, Vigurs. 

7. A slender form with smaller spikelets and fruit than usual, 
simulating C. distorts in habit, in a marsh between Gunwalloe 
and Cury, Marshall, Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 187. 

G. binervis, Sm. 

2. Moor, Hawk's Tor. Shown to E. Thurston by W. Wise, 
1915. 

3. Near foot of Trelawney Hill, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry- 
coste. 

7. Black Rock, Crowan, Tresidder, R.I.C., 1911 1 p. 388. 



146 CYPERACE/E. 

C. punctata, Gaud. 

3. Freshwater near Polperro, 1914, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry- 
coste. This has disappeared from Westcombe's locality 
(Flora), but has been found in considerable quantity close 
by near Charlestown, Tresidder. 

C. fulva, Host. 

5. Mother Ivey's Bay near Trevose Head, 1911, Miss Spettigue. 
Payne's Well, Perranzabuloe, 1912, Tresidder. Carnkief 
and Ventongimps Moor, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone, B.E.C., 
1915, p. 381. 

*Hybrid. C. flava x fulva (xanthocarpa, Degl) . 

5. Railway cutting below Goonhavern, 1914, Tresidder. 

Plants sent by Mr. Rilstone from Ventongimps Moor were 
variously determined as follows: " Sterile hybrids (of fulva) 
with C. Oederi, sub-sp. asdocarpa, E. S. Marshall. I think 
this is Syme's fulva, Good. var. sterilis, A. Bennett. This is 
flava x fulva = xanthocarpa. G. C. Druce," B.E.C., 1915, 
f>. 381. 

C. extensa, Good, 

3. Marsh by Trelawney river, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perry- 
coste. Par Sands, 1917, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

C. Oederi, Retz. 

7. Downs near Ruan Major; Mullion Cove, 1914, Thurston. 
Kukenthal's description of the three species, C. flava, L. C. 
lepidocarpa, Tausch, and C. Oederi, Retz., is recorded in 
B.E.C., 1910, p. 510. 

C hirta, Linn. 

3. Crinnis, Medlin. 

5. Stream, Harlyn Bay, 1918, Thurston. 

6. Budock Bottoms, 1917, Thurston. 

7. Ruan Minor, 1914, Miss A. B. Cobbe. 

*Var. spinosa, Mort. 

6. Falmouth Docks, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 



C YPERACE/E GRAMINE/E . 



147 



C. acutiformis, Ehrh. 

I. " Bude canal by the last lock near the sea, W. M. Rogers*' 
(Flora). Mr. Moyle Rogers' specimens, which have been re- 
examined by Mr. Arthur Bennett, should be referred to C. 
rip aria. 

3. Longcoombe, Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

C. riparia. Curt 

3. Trelawney Marsh, Polperro, F. H. Perrycoste. 

8. Scilly Isles, 1912, Miss C. Vivian. 

*Var. gracilis, Coss. & Germ, (subgracilescens, Kiik). 

7. Gunwalloe Marsh, one plant, 1914, Thurston. See note by 
W. B. Turrill, Kew Bull, 1920, No. 4, pp. 141-2, reprinted in 

tt B.E.C., 1920, p. 52. 
* Tiges presque lisses sur les angles. Feuilles souvent vertes. 
Epis males solitaires ou gemines. Epis femelles laxiflores, 
longuement pedoncules, souvent pendants. Utricles longue- 
ment depasses par les ecailles. Ecailles tres longuement cus- 
pidees aristees." Coss. et Germ., Flore de Paris, 1845, f>. 
605. A specimen in the Kew Herbarium from the Isle of 
Wight (Flora Vectensis, 1856, p. 575) has long peduncles to 
the female spikes, and acuminate glumes longer than the 
utricles. It has also been found at Tickenham Moor, Somer- 
set (B.E.C., 1915, p. 379). 

C. inflate, Huds. 

1. Goscott Moor, Week St. Mary, Tresidder. 

' Trelawney Marsh. Polperro " (Flora). The record refers 

to C. riparia, F. H. Perrycoste. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, 

Tresidder. 
5. Rejerrah, Newlyn East, 1916, Thurston. 



GRAMINE/E. 

Panicum Crus-galli, Linn. 3. Looe, 1917, Rilstone. 

6. " Malpas " (Flora). Waste ground outside Boscawen Park, 
Truro, 1922, Arnett. 

P. miliaceum, Linn. 3. Looe dust-heaps, 1918, Thurston. Par, 
1911, Vigurs. 



148 GRAMINE/E. 

P. Ischcemum, Schreb. Garden weed, Mullion, Perry, B.E.C., 
1920, p. 757. 

Setaria viridis, Beauv. 

3. Looe dust-heaps, 1916-17, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
Garden weed, East Looe, 1918, Thurston. "Par, 1903 " 
(Flora). Many plants at Par Harbour, 1922, Medlin. 

5. Cultivated field, Phillack, 1915, Rees. 

6. Waste-ground between Truro and Malpas, 1914, Miss M. 
Cobbe, B.E.C., 1916, p. 508. 

S. verticillata, Beauv. 3. Weed in Mr. Perrycoste's garden, 
Polperro, 1910. 

Phalaris canariensis, Linn. 

5. Roadside, Trevone near Padstow, 1918, Thurston. 

P. paradoxa, Linn. 3. Railway embankment, Par Sands, 
1920, Medlin, B.E.C., 1920, p. 157. 

P. arundinacea, Linn. 

3. Polperro, Rilstone; Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

5. Tall plants in stream, Public Gardens, Newquay, 1922, 
Thurston. Penwortha, Perranzabuloe, 1916, Bunney. 

Alopecurus myosuroides, Huds. 

3. Looe dust-heaps, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Ballast- 
heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 

A. geniculatus, Linn. 

3. Longcoombe, Polperro, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
Biscovey, Medlin. 

6. Marsh west of Polgrain near Port Holland, 1913, Thurston. 

A. bulbcsus, Gouan. 

7. Single plant in garden grass, Coverack, Rev. H. E. Fox, 
R./.C., 79/7, p. 388. 

A. pratensis, Linn. 

2. Kernock, Pillaton, Hawk, R./.C., 7977, p. 389. 

3. Par, Medlin. 

5. Penwortha, Perranzabuloe, 1916, Bunney. 



GRAMINE/E. 149 

Phleum arenarium, Linn. 

3. Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 
Mibora minima, Desv. Casual. 

3. On a sand-heap, Par, 1910, Davey, R./.C., /9//, p. 389. 

Agrostis canina, Linn. 

5. Ventongimps, Rilstone. 

*Var. pallida, Reichb. 

5. Shady bank, Gollawater, between Penhallow and Mithian, 
1921, Rilstone. 

A. alba, Linn. (A. stolonifera, Linn), forma spiculis coloratis. 

3. Wall, Lostwithiel, 1920, Thurston. 

Dr. Stapf writes to me : ** The forms of A. stolonifera, which 
include what is commonly called A. alba, seem to be ex- 
tremely variable, by which I mean that they are responsive 
to conditions of soil, water available, light, etc., and appear 
frequently under a variety of forms, often of rather different 
aspect. If you could form a representative collection of these 
'varieties' as they occur in Cornwall, and state on the labels 
under what conditions they were found growing, you would 
help us to understand this embarrassing lot.'* E. Thurston. 

Var. maritima, Koch. 

3. "Par, Druce " (Flora). Par Sands, 1920, Medlin. 

5. Wall, Padstow, 1918, Thurston. 

*Var. major, Gaud (gigantea, Koch) . 

5. Field, Lambourne, Perranzabuloe, 1921, Rilstone. (ad var. 
giganteam vergens). 

Var. prorepens, Koch. 

8. Wall, Penzance, 1921. Thurston. 

A. nigra, With. 

5. Lambourne, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. 

*A. verticillata, Vill. Casual. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 



150 GRAMINE/E. 

6. First noticed at Falmouth Docks in 1907; there in consider- 
able quantity in 1910, Davey, B.E.C., /9//, p. 55; R./.C., 
/9//, p. 389. 

Polypogon monspeliensis, Desf. 

3. "Par, Tellam " (Flora). Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

Ballast-heap, Charlestown, Tresidder. 
5. Old mine-heap, St. Agnes, Rilstone. 

Calamag/ostis epigeios, Roth. 

8. Considerable quantity on top of the Great Gannick, Scilly, 
1913, White, Journ. Bot., 1914, p. 19. 

Gastridium iendigerum, Gaud. (G. uentricosum (Gouan) 

Thellung) 

3. Sand Hill above Talland, 1912, not seen since, Mrs. and 
H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

5. "Padstow, Tellam " (Flora). Cornfield near the coast, Pad- 
stow, 1920, Smith- Pearse. 

6. Trevella, St . Erme, Tresidder. Falmouth Docks, 1914, 
Miss M. Cobbe. 

8. Old Town, St. Mary's, Scilly, 1922, Downes. 

Ammophila arenaria, Link 

3. Par Sands, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Crinnis beach, 
Medlin. 

Desch&rnpsia flexuosa, Trin. 

3. Sharp For near Linkinhorne, Rilstone. 

Trisetum fiavescens, Beauv. 

3. Between Seaton and Millandreath beach, Mrs. and H. M. 

M. Perrycoste. 
6. Perran-ar-worthal, Davey, R./.C., 1911, p. 389. 

A vena strigoera, Schreb. 

3. Par Harbour. 1919, Thurston. 
5. St. Agnes, Rilstone. 

A. fatua, Linn. 

5. Lambourne. Perranzabuloe, 1912, Rilstone. 



GRAMINE/E. 151 

*A. sativa, Linn. var. Brunner, Koern. Alien. 7. Lizard, 
Druce, B.E.C., 1910, p. 511. 

*Gaudinia fragilis, Beauv. Alien. Mediterranean. 3. Ballast- 
heap, Charlestown, Tresidder, B.E.C., 1913, p. 397. 

Arrhenatherum elatius, Mert. & Koch. var. pauciflorum, Druce. 

3. Par Harbour, 1922, Medlin. 

Cynodon Dactylon, Pers. 

3. Par, 1911, J. Groves, Davey, and Vigurs. Par Harbour, 
1921, Medlin. 

8. "Sandy shores between Pensans and Market Jew, Ray *' 
(Flora). Plentiful on the shingle, and also on the roadside 
between Penzance and Marazion, where it formed the turf 
for a considerable distance, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1910, p. 605. 
Has spread to near the railway embankment near Hayle, 
1915, Rees. 

Phragmites communis, Trin. 

3. Moival Park near Looe, 1918, Thurston. Damp spot on 
cliff face, Lantivet, Rilstone. 

5. Pencorse Moor, St. Enoder, Tresidder, R.I.C., 1911, f>. 389. 

6. Near Paradoe Cove, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Loe Valley, 1914, Thurston. 

8. Pra Valley, Davey. 

*Var. flavescens, Cust. 

3. Hannafore beach, Looe, 1919; * 'Lantia Bay,** Rilstone, 
B.E.C., 1915, p. 217. For Lantia read Lantivet. 

Cynosurus echinatus, Linn 

3. Par Harbour, 1914, Vigurs. Harbour, and railway near Par 

Sands, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 134. 
5. Field. Perranzabuloe, about 1915, Rilstone. 

Koeleria gracilis, Pers. var. britannica, Domin. 

3. Par Harbour, Medlin. 

5. Lambourne Hill, Perranzabuloe, Rilstone. Rose Hill near 

Perranporth, Tresidder. 
8. St. Mary's, Scilly, 1922, Downes. 

*Sub-var. glabriffora, Domin. 

5. East Pentire, Newquay, Vigurs, R.I.C., 1913, p. 229. 



152 GRAMINE/E. 

Molinia ccerulea, Moench, var. depauperata (Lindl). 

3. Roadside bank, Kiln Wood near Trelawney Mill, growing 
with the type, 1919, Thurston. 

Catabrosa aquatica, Beauv. 

5. Mother Ivey's Bay near Trevose Head, 191 1, Miss Spettigue. 

Melica nutans, Linn. 

2. Entrance of first bridge, G.W.R., from St. Germans to 
Saltash, and between Polbathick and Trewin quarry, 1919, 
Harvey. 

3. Trelawney river, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Restormel 
road, Lostwithiel, 1915, Thurston. 

4. Lane between Burlorne and Hustyn Mill, St. Breock, 
1915, Thurston. 

Dactylis glomerata, Linn, forma vivipara. 

3. Millbrook, 1920, Harvey. Restormel road, Lostwithiel, 
1920, Medlin. 

Briza maxima, Linn. 6. Garden weed, Roscarrack near 
Budock, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe 8. Roadside, St. Mary's, 
Scilly, 1922, Downes. 

Bi minor, Linn. 

5. Penhallow; Ventongimps, Rilstone. Carwin Moor, Hayle, 
1919, Rees. 

6. Cornfield, Very an, 1913, Thurston. 

7. Oatfield near Cadgwith, 1913, White, B.E.C., 1913, p. 510; 
1919, p. 846. Mullion, 1914, Thurston. 

Poa annua, Linn. 

8. Abundant, with purple spikelets, on eastern sands, Pen- 
zance, and exposed walls between Penzance and Newlyn, 
W. Watson. The vivid colouration of the spikelets is. Dr. 
Stapf points out, no doubt due to a relative excess of sun- 
light. It should not be confused with the perennial P. annua , 
var. varia, Gaud, mainly of mountains (Scotland, etc.), which 
is distinguishable by its duration, more flaccid panicles, and 
mostly larger and blunter spikelets, which are normally and 
strikingly tinged with violet. 

P. nemoralis, Linn. 

4. Roadside, Little Petherick, 1918, Thurston. 



GRAMINE/E. 153 

*Var. vulgaris, Gaud, forma colorata. 

6. Perran-ar-worthal, 1911, Davey, W.E.C., 1911-12, p. 367. 

P. compressa, Linn. 

2. "Wall at Tideford" (Flora). Marsh, Tideford, 1919, Ril- 
stone. 

3. Crumplehorn bridge, Polperro, Rilstone. Railway-bank, 
Polmear near Par, Medlin. 

4. Martyn's yard, Wadebridge, 1918, Rilstone. Roadside 
near Little Petherick, 1918, Thurston. 

6. Waste ground outside Boscawen Park, Truro, 1922, Arnett. 
^ Wall top near Falmouth Station " (Flora). Wall near 
Gyllyngvase, Falmouth, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

*P. paluStrJS, Linn. Casual. 

3. Par and Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

Glyceria maritima, Mert. and Koch. 

3. " Coast near Polperro, T. Q. Couch " (Flora). Not found 
there by the Perrycostes. Par Sands, 1920, Thurston and 
Downes. 

G. rupestris, E. S. Marshall^ 

6. Waste-ground between 1 ruro and Malpas, 1914 and 1917, 

and along river-bank between Boscawen Park and Truro, Miss 

M. Cobbe. 

*Atropis festuciformis, Richt. 

4. Egloshayle Marsh, on bank of a water channel, 1918, 
Thurston. 

The recent history of this plant as a British one is very inter- 
esting. On the strength of specimens from Ireland it was for 
some time accepted as British, but, in B.E.C., 1917, pp. 57-61 , 
Mr. Druce writes : "Both Dr. Rendle and Dr. Stapf, I be- 
lieve, now agree that the true festuciformis has mot been 
found in the British Isles." Curiously, before this was pub- 
lished, Mr. Thurston had found the real plant, and it had 
been named by Dr. Stapf. Dr. Rendle writes to me, May 
20, 1920, saying: Dr. Stapf considers this to be the same 
as the typically Adriatic grass, and different from the Irish 
specimens formerly named G. festucceformis. I am content 
to leave the matter there, at any rate for the present.** C. C. 
Vigurs. The Egloshavle plants are recorded as Glyceria 
maritima, Wahl. var. hibernica, Druce, in B.E.C., 1919, p. 
690. 



154 GRAMINE/E. 

Festuca Myuros, Linn. 

3. "Par, 1901-5" (Flora). Still there in 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

6. "Falmouth " (Flora). Falmouth Docks, 1917, Miss M. 
Cobbe. 

7. Cadgwith, 1911, Miss M. Cobbe. 

F. bromoides, Linn. 

1. Tamerton, 1918, Harvey. 

5. Little Callestick, Perranzabuloe, 1916, Thurston. 

6. Pendower beach, Gerrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

F. OVina, Linn. var. dUMUSCUla, Hackel. 
5. Padstow, 1918, Thurston. 

F. fllbra, Linn, forma with glabrous sheaths. 
3. Par Harbour, 1920, Thurston. 

Var. arenaria, Fr. 

5. The common form by the sea, Newquay, Vigurs. 

7. Mullion Cove, 1914, Thurston. 

Var. dumetorum, Linn. 

3. Par Harbour, 1921, Medlin. 

F. pratensis, Huds. 

7. Gunwalloe Marsh, Marshall, Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 187. 

F. elatior, Linn. var. arundinacea, Schreb. 

1. Rocky Valley near Tintagel, 1915, Thurston. 

6. Near Pendower beach, Perrans Bay, 1913, Thurston. 

Bromus giganteus, Linn. 

3. Roadside between Looe and Sandplace, 1919, Thurston. 
New Road, Looe, Rilstone; Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. 

Var. trifforus, Syme. 

6. Tredrea, Perran-ar-worthal, Davey. R./.C., 1911, p. 389. 
Cosawes Wood, Ponsanooth, 1917, Rilstone. 

B. ramosus, Huds. 

1. Banks of 'he Tamar, Wise. 

3. "Polperrc" (Flora). Looe-Polperro road, Rilstone. 



GRAMINE^E. 155 

B. unioloides (H. B. & K). 3. "Casual at Par, 1905-7" (Flora). 
Par Harbour, 1921, Medlin. 6. "Malpas Road, Truro, 1907, 
W. Borlase" (Flora). Waste-ground outside Boscawen Park, 
Truro, 1922, Borlase. 8. Roadside, Old Town, St. Mary's, 
Scilly, 1922, Downes. 

B madritensis, Linn. 

3. "Par" (Flora). Par Harbour, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

B. tectorum, Linn. 5. In some quantity, waste ground, New- 
quay, 1911, Druce, Journ. Bot., 1911, p. 302; B.E.C., 
1911, p. 55-6. 

6. "Falmouth Docks" (Flora). Seen there in 1914 and 1917, 
Miss M. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1916, p. 509. 

*B. inermis, Leysser. Alien. 5. Growing well in a bunker on 
Newquay golf-links, Vigurs, R./.C., 1913, p. 226. 

B. maximus, Desf. 

3. Par Sands, 1911, Vigurs, B.E.C., 1911, p. 143. Field, 
Charlestown, 1917, Tresidder. 

B. secalinus, Linn. 
1. St. Clether, 1908, Harvey. 

3. Roadside field, Looe-Polperro road, opposite Barcelona, 
1919; "Par" (Flora). Par Harbour, 1919, Rilstone. 

*B. hordeaceus, Linn, forma with glabrous sheaths. 

3. Field between Lostwithiel and Lerryn, 1920, Thurston. 

*Var. leptostachys, Beck. 

8. Cultivated ground, St. Mary's, Scilly, 1922, Downes. 

"Lolium perenne, Linn. var. compressum, Sibth. 

A form with shortened internodes, which may be classed as a 
monstrosity rather than a variety, B.E.C., 1915, p. 389. 

3. Field between Looe and Polperro, 1919. Thurston. 

6. Path from beach to Mylor Churchyard, 1917, Rilstone. 
Public garden, Greenbank, Falmouth, 1917, Thurston. Ros- 
carrack near Budock, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

*Var. compositum, Sm. 

3. Trenovissick Farm, Par; Pentewan, 1922, Medlin. 



156 GRAMINE/E. 

*Var. sphaerostachyum, Masters. 

3. Tywardreath, 1917, Miss A. p. Cobbe, B.E.C., 1917, p. 135. 

L. temulentum, Linn. var. arvense (With) . 

6. Roscarrack near Budock, 1917, Miss M. Cobbe. 

"Agropyron repens, Beauv. var. glaucum, Doell. 

3. Par, 1913, Vigurs. 

5. Gannel river, 1915, Vigurs. 

*Forma trichorachis, Rohlend. 

5. A tuft at Fistral beach, Newquay, tall and strong, with very 

broad leaves and a markedly hairy rachis, Vigurs, R.I.C., 

1913, p. 289; B.E.C., 1913, p. 514. ' 

A. pungens, Roem. & Schult. 

1. Waste-patch, Bude, 1915, Thurston. 

4. "St. Minver" (Flora). Rock Sandhills, 1915, Thurston. 

5. Harlyn Bay, Miss C. E. Larter, R./.C., 1911, p. 389. 
8. Pra Sands, 1911, Davey. 

Lepturus fi I if or mis, Trin. 

3. Watergate end of Trelawney salt-marsh, 1916; Polmear end 
of Par Sands, 1914, Mrs. and H. M. M. Perrycoste. Par 
Harbour by the Beaver Mill, 1922, Medlin. Charlestown, 
1915, Tresidder. 

5. Sunny Corner, Padstow, 191 1, Miss Spettigue. Dennis Cove, 
Padstow, 1918, Thurston. 

Nardus stricta, Linn. 

2. Moor, Hawks Tor, Wise. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Medlin. 

Hordeum murinum, Linn. 

3. Church end, Looe, and adjacent cliff, 1911 et sq, Mrs. and 
H. M. M. Perrycoste. Charlestown, Tresidder. 

4. Rock, St. Minver, 1915, Thurston. 

6. Portscatho, 1913, Thurston. 

*H. jubatum, Linn. Alien. N. America. 6. Waste-ground 
outside Boscawen Park, Truro, 1922, Borlase. 



GR AMINE/E FIL1CES . 157 

*H. distichon, Linn. Alien. 3. Looe dust-heaps, 1918. 6. 
Falmouth Docks, 1917, Thurston. 

Elymus arenarius, Linn. 

5. Planted in a bunker on Newquay golf-links, Vigurs, R./.C., 
1913, p. 226. Several clumps from Hunstanton planted on the 
Perranporth sandhills as food for larvae by Mr. W. A. Rolla- 
son in 1910. 

FILICES. 

Hymenophyllum tunbridgense, Sm. 

1. Near Five Lanes, Altarnun, Wilson L. Fox, R./.C., 1911, p. 
389. 

3. "Fowey river below Dreynes Bridge'* (Flora). The same 
spot as "Golitha Falls, river Fowey, 1919, only on the vertical 
granite, not on the boulders strewn below," H. S. Thomp- 
son, W.E.C., 1918-20, p. 126. 

4. De Lank /Bridge, 1908, Harvey. 

H. peltaium, Desv. 

The first record (Flora) should read : On authority of Miss Rodd 
in Loudon Card. Mag., 1835, pp. 694-5, in report of meeting 
of Royal Hort. Soc., Cornwall. 

3. Kilmar Ridge, 1920, Harvey. 

Adiantum Capillus-Veneris, Linn. 

5. Newquay, 1911, Davey. 

6. Camel Cove, Very an Bay, very luxuriant, 1913, Thurston. 

*Pteris aquiiina, Linn. var. lanuginosa (Bory ex. Willd. Sp. PI. 

V, P . 403) Hook. 
"Probably the common British form. Under side of pinnae lanu- 

ginose," Druce, B.E.C., 1912, p. 185. 
3. Bodmin, Druce, Joe. cit. 
5. Common round Newquay, Vigurs. 

7. Lizard, Druce, loc. cit. 

Asplenium lanceolatum, Hud's. 

3. Wall on road from Minions to Upton, and wall at Upton; 

Henwood. 1920. Harvey. Cardinham church wall, 1920. May. 

Saint's Hill and Lon$?coombe. Polperro. Mrs. and H. M. M. 

Perrycoste. Wall. Helman Tor Moor, 1920, Rilstone. Tre- 

narren near Pentewan, Tresidder. 



158 FILICES. 

8. Ludgvan, 1915, Miss Waterer. Roadside between Newlyn 
and Paul, 1921, W. Watson. 

*Hybrid. A. Adiantum nigrum x maritimum. 

7. A supposed hybrid was seen by members of the Phyto- 
geographical Expedition at the Lizard, New Phyt., 1911 , p. 
323. 

A. marinum, Linn. 

The first record (Flora) should read : Chamaefilix marina An- 
glica. Non nisi saxorum rupiumve interveniis aut petrosis 
asperginibus Cornubiae innatam reperi ad maris alluviones non 
procul ab aedibus generosi viri D. Muyle. Lobel, Plantarum 
seu-Stirpium Historia, 1576, p. 474. 

A. Ruta-muraria, Linn. 

3. Wall at Bodega near Millandreath, Mrs. and H. M. M. 
Perrycoste. West Looe, Rilstone. London Apprentice, St. 
Austell, Tresidder. 

7. School-house wall, Ruan Minor, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 
79/7, p. 389. 

Ceterach officinarum, Willd. 

3. Walls near Cheesewring, 1920, Harvey. Wall at Shutta, 
East Looe, Miss C. Grigg. Near St. Veep, Rilstone. 

4. Camel quarry near Wadebridge, Tresidder. 

Polystichum aculeatum, Roth. 

2. Tokenbury between Pensilva and Upton. 1919, H. S. 
Thompson. 

5. "Newquay, Vigurs" (Flora). Delete the record. 

8. Ludgvan; hedge between Ludgvan and Gulval; Jane between 
Tredavoe and Newlyn. 1913, Miss A. B. Cobbe. Gurlyn 
Woods near Relubbus 4 miles E. of Marazion; near Madron, 
1922, Rees. 

P. angulare, Presl. 

2. Tokenbury between Pensilva and Upton, 1919, H. S. 
Thompson. 

7. Manaccan, Rev. H. E. Fox, R./.C., 7977, ID. 389. 

8. Gnrlyn Woods ne?r Relubbus 4 r-i*es E. of Marazion; nerr 
Madron, 1922, Rees. 



FILICES EQU1SETACE/E. 1 59 

r orms collected by Mr. Tresidder in Chyverton Wood, Perran- 
zabuloe, were described in B.E.C., 1917, p. 63 as being 
"almost without doubt hybrid of these species. They have 
the pinnae and stalk as in aculeatum, but the toothing and 
texture of angulare-setiferum, Woynar." A series of these 
ferns has recently been submitted to Dr. F. N. Stansfield, 
who identified them as being (a) P. aculeatum, type and thin 
foliose form, approximating somewhat to angulare; (b) P. 
angulare, type and sub-cuspate form. 

jtrea montana, T. Moore. 

Wood near Egloskerry. Shown to E. Thurston by W. Wise, 
1915. 

3. Abundant in valley from Minions to Upton, 1920, Harvey 
5. "Newquay, Vigurs" (Flora). Delete the record. 

*L. Filix-mas, Presl (Dryopteris Filix-mas, Scholt. var. cristata 
(Moore). 

3. Polperro, Rilstone, B.E.C., 1916, p. 510. A very foliose form 
at Bodmin Road Station, 1921, Harvey. A specimen in Cun- 
nack's collection of Ferns is labelled Charlestown. 

Ophioglossum vulgatum, Linn. 

3. Cliff, Port Nadler near Looe, Mrs. A. Peter. 
Botrychium Lunaria, Sw. 

3. Roche railway station, 1920, Taylor. 



EQUISETACE/E. 

Equisetum sylvaticum, Linn. 

I. Gathered in Rogers' locality (Flora), Week St. Mary, 1917; 
between Ashbury and Berry Court, Jacobstow, one plant, 
Tresidder. 

E. limosum, Linn 

3. Marsh below Sowden's Bridge, Trelawney river, Mrs. and 

H. M. M. Perrycoste. 
7. Poldhu Valley; Loe Valley, 1914, Thurston. 



160 MARSILEACE/E CHARACE^E. 

LYCOPODIACE/E. 

Lycopodium Selago, Linn. 

1. Badgall Down, Laneast, Reid, R.I.C., 1911,. p. 389. 

L. inundatum, Linn. 

5. Silverwell Moor, 1918, Rilstone. 

L. clavatum, Linn. 

3. Bog near ponds above Wardbrook Farm, Cheesewring, 
1919, Rilstone. 

6. Curyan near Nanpean, 1916, Tresidder. 

SELAGiNELLACE/E. 

*Selaginella Kraussiana. A. Br. Alien. 5. Camborne, an 
escape, Tresidder, B.E.C., 1917, p. 137. 

*S. denticulatci. Link. Alien. 7. Growing freely in a small 
orchard south of Landewednack Church, and apparently quite 
established, 1920, Downes. 

*lsoetes hystrix, Durieu. 

7. A single nlant gathered in Caerthillian Valley, June, 1919, 
by Mr. F. Robinson. " Hitherto unknown in England, grow- 
ing with Trifolium strictum and Trifolium Bocconi." Journ. 
Bot., 1919, p. 322. Microscopical examination shows that it is 
undoubtedly the same as the Guernsey one." B.E.C., 1919, 
p. 693. 

MARSILEACE/E. 

Pilularia globuiifera, Linn. 

3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, 1919. Tresidder. 

7. Near Ruan Pool, scarce, Marshall, Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 187. 



CHARACE/E. 

Chara fragilis, Desv. 

1. "Bude " (Flora). Canal, Bude. 1915, Thurston. 
5. Near the end of mine tunnel, Mount, Perranzabuloe, Tre- 
sidder. 



CHARACE/E. 161 

*Sub-species delicatuia, Braun. 

5. Ventongimps Moor, Rilstone. 

A considerable number of specimens of the two plants (C. fra- 
gilis and C. delicatuia) have been examined by Mr. J. Groves 
and Canon G. R. Bullock- Webster, and the characters which 
separate them appear to them sufficiently important to warrant 
their being treated as distinct species. Journ. Bot., 19 19, p. 69. 

C. fragifera, Durieu. 

7., Hayle Kimbro pond, Lizard road; Ruan Pool, 1920, Downes. 

Quarry pool, Lizard Downs, Marquand, 1920, B.E.C., 1920, 

p. 257. 
8. "Hele Ager Marsh near Sennen" (Flora). Pond near Land's 

End, 1918, C. V. B. Marquand, B.E.C., 1918, p. 534. 

C. aspera, Willd. 
7. Pool, Lizard Downs, 1920, Downes. 

C. vulgaris, Linn. 

4. Roadside pond, Tregorden near Egloshayle, 1918, Thurston. 

5. Carnkief pond, Perranzabuloe, Tresidder. 

7. Lizard, 1913, Vigurs. "Forma papillata, microptila et 
brachy teles/' J. Groves, B.E.C., J913, p. 516. 

C. canescens, Lois. 

7. "Lizard peninsula" (Flora). Pool, Lizard Downs, 1917, 
Marshall, W.E.C., 1917-18, p. 83; 1920. Downes. Small 
quarry pool, Lizard, Marquand, B.E.C., 1920, p. 257. Kynance 
Downs, Tresidder. 

Mr. J. Groves, who saw Mr. Marshall's specimens, writes : * I 
have never seen a male specimen. It is wonderful how the 
plant keeps going so well by parthenogenesis." Recently 
found by Dr. Druce in the Orkneys. 

*Nite!la gracilis, Agardh 

Recorded in the Flora as almost certainly an error, but now 
included. 

5. Pool in a marshy moor, Perranzabuloe, 1911, Rilstone, 
R./.C., 79/3, p. 225. Mr. Rilstone reports that, whereas in 
1911-12 it formed a dense mass in the pool, very little ap- 
peared in 1913, since when he has not been able to find a 
trace of it. Journ. Bot., 1918, p. 114. 



162 CHARACE/E. 

N. translucens, Agardh. 
3. Starrick Moor, St. Austell, Tresidder. 

8. "Hele Ager Moor, Land's End, Ralfs " (Flora). Collected 
there in 1918 by C. V. B. Marquand, B.E.C., 79/8, p. 534. 

N. opaca, Agardh. 

3. Pentewan, Tresidder. 

5. Ventongimps Mill leats, Rilstone. 

7. Loe Pool, 1904, Druce, B.E.C.. 1914, p. 117. Ruan Pool 

Lizard, 1920, Downes. Flooded cart track, Lizard, 1920 r 

Marquand, B.E.C., 1920, p. 257. 



ADDENDA. 163 

ADDENDA. 

Papaver Rhceas, Linn. ver. Pryorii, Druce. 

3. Mount Mine, Par, 1922, Medlin. 

Coryefalis claviculata, DC. 

1. Patch in woods, Kensey Valley, Egloskerry, 1922. Smith- 
Pearse. 

Fumaria mural is, Sender. 
6. Near Mevagissey, 1922, Miss Todd. 

Radicuia palustris, Moench. 

3. Ballast-heap, Charlestown, 1922. Medlin. 

Sisymbrium Sophia, Linn. 

6. Waste-ground outside Boscawen Park, Truro, 1922. 
Borlase. 

Reseda lutea, Linn. 

5. Abundant near edge of cliff, Seahole, St. Agnes Beacon, 
1922, Borlase. 

Trigonella ornithopodioides, DC. 

6. Pennance, Falmouth, 1922, Miss E. Blackett. 

*Pyrus Aria, Ehrh. 

5. Roadside, Perranzabuloe church, not native, 1922, Rilstone. 

Diotis maritima, Cass. See p. 73. 

8. " Several hundreds of plants in one of the Scilly Isles, Dr. 
H. Downes." B.E.C., 1921, p. 385. This is the same locality 
as Mr. Hosking's Land's End district. 

*Cnicus (Cirsium) arvensis, Hoffm. var. mite, Koch. 

3. Par Harbour, 1922, Medlin. 

Erica vagans, Linn, lusus. See p. 86. 

Mr. Worsdell writes: " Bracteody. There are other cases in 
which all organs of the flower are changed into structures 
which must be regarded, from their size and shape, as bracts 



164 ADDENDA. 

rather than foliage-leaves ; owing to the elongation of the 
axis, their number is at the same time greatly increased. Such 
are the wheat-ear carnation, the Cornish and cross-leaved 
heaths (E. vagans and E. Tetralix), the Madonna lily (L. can- 
didum), and the snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis)." Plant Tera- 
tology, lL,p. 124. 

"Plantago lanceolata, Linn. var. anthoviride, Watson. Provi- 
sional name. Journ. Bot., 1921 , p. 355. 

5. Many plants on roadside, with type, between Quintrell and 
Cosworth Downs, 1922, Rilstone and Thurston. "The 
stamens remain erect or almost so, and do not become 
as squarrose as in the type ; the filaments are greenish yellow 
and longly-elliptical instead of whitish and oblong-spheroidal 
as in the type." W. Watson in lit. 

Amaranthus Blitum, Linn. 

3. Par Harbour, 1922, Medlin. 

"Helleborins violacea, Dmce. 

1. Morwenstow, 1922, Miss James. Previously recorded for 
Devon. 

"Phalaris bulbOSa, Linn. Alien, S. Europe. 
3. Par Harbour, 1922, Medlin. 

A paper by Dr. H. G. Guppy, F.R.S., on Atlantic Drift on 
Cornish Beaches, was read at a meeting of the Royal Institu- 
tion of Cornwall in October, 1922, and will be published in the 
Journal of the Institution. 

A note by Mr. F. Rilstone on Cornish Sphagna has been 
published in Journal of Botany, Sep. 1922, pp. 263-67 '. 

Note. By " Yearl's Coombe, Trelawney river," in the 
Perrycoste records, is intended the stretch of the West Looe 
river valley above (i.e. N. of) Sowden s Bridge. Yearl's 
Coombe is a lateral valley running westward from the above. 



CONTRIBUTORS OF ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA. 



165 



CONTRIBUTORS OF ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA. 



Adams, Dr. A. 
Arnett, J. W. 
Baggallay, Miss M. 
Baring, Hon. Mrs. 
Barratt, W. 
Barton, W. C. 
Bastian, Dr. H. Charlton 
Bickham, S. H. 
Blackett, Miss E. 
Borlase, W. 
Boucher, Miss 
Bourne, Lady 
Boyden, Rev. H. 
Bray, G. 
Bucknall, C. 
Bunney, W. E. 
Carr-Smith, Miss R. E. 
Church, A. H. 
Clarke, Dr. James 
Clarke, H. 
Cobbe, Miss A. B. 
Cobbe, Miss M. 
Collins, J. H. 
Cookson, Mrs. 
Daltry, Rev. H. W. 
Darroch, Mrs. 
Davey, F. H. 
d'Avigdor. Miss B. 
Davy, Lady 
Devis, Dr H. F. 
Downes, Dr. H. 
Drabble, E. and H. 
Druce, Dr. G. C. 
Durston, K. 
Enys, J. D. 
Farrar, Miss 
Foggitt, T. J. 
Foott, W. H. 
Foster, Miss C. P. 
Fox, Rev. H. E. 
Fox, Howard 
Fox, Wilson L. 



Fox, Mrs. Wilson L. 

Geldart, Miss A. M. 

Goode, R. H. 

Green, 

Grigg, Miss C. 

Groves, H. 

Groves, J. 

Hall, L. B. 

Hambly, Miss K. 

Hambly, P. 

Harvey, Rev. H. H. 

Hawk, J. C. 

Hawking, Mrs. 

Haynes, G. 

Henderson, G. C. 

Henry, Prof. A. 

Hockin, A. P. 

Hooper, Rev. G. B. 

Hosking, A. J. 

Hume, A. O. 

Jenner, H. 

Lamb, C. G. 

Larter, Miss C. E. 

Lawn, Miss 

Little, Mrs. 

Lobb, H. 

Lock, W. W. 

Lowther, A. W. G. 

Malim, H. 

Marquand. C. V. B. 

Marshall. Rev. E. S. 

Martyn, Miss B. 

May. Rev. F. Granville 

Medlin, L. T. 

Medlin, Mrs. 

Miller, W. T. 

Moss, Dr. C. E. 

Northcote, Hon. Mrs. George 

Ostenfeld, C. H. 

Pease, R. 

Pegler, Dr. L. H. 

Perry, E. J. 



166 



CONTRIBUTORS OF ADDITIONS TO THE FLORA. 



Perrycoste, F. H. 

Perrycoste, Miss H. M. M. 

Perrycoste, Mrs. 

Perrycoste, W. B. C. 

Peter, Mrs. A. 

Pugsley, H. W. 

Radcliffe, H. 

Rees, E. A. 

Reid, Clement 

Richards, P. W. 

Rilstone, F. 

Robinson, F. 

Rogers, Rev. W. Moyle 

Rothschild, Hon. N. C. 

Rouse, Mrs. 

Salisbury, Dr. E. J. 

Sand with, Mrs. 

Shaw, Miss B. 

Skottsberg, C. 

Smith, Dr. F. J. 

Smith, R. L. 

Smith-Pearse, Rev. T. N. H. 

(formerly Hart-Smith) 
Snell, Miss 



Spettigue, Miss F. 
Stokes, A. G. Folliott 
Sylvester, Col. G. H. 
Tansley, A. G. 
Taylor, F. 
Thompson, E. 
Thompson, H. S. 
Thurston, E. 
Travers, Miss E. 
Tresidder, W. 
Tuckey, Miss 
Ullman, R. B. 
Vellacott, Miss A. 
Vigurs, Dr. C. C. 
Vivian, Miss C. 
Waterer, Miss 
Watson, W., B.Sc. 
Watson, W. D. 
Wedgwood, Mrs. 
White, J. W. 
Williams, F. N. 
Williams, H. 
Williams, Miss 
Williams, P. 



INDEX. 167 

INDEX TO THE ORDERS AND GENERA. 



Acer 

Aceraceae 

Achillea 

Aconitum 

Adiantum 

Adonis 

Adoxa 

Agrimonia 

Agropyron 

Agrostis 

Ajuga 

Alchemilla 

Alisma 

Alismaceae 

Allium 

Alopecurus 

Alyssum 

Amaranthaceae 

Amaranthus 

Amaryllidaceae 

Ambrosia 

Ammi 

Ammophila 

Amsinckia 

Anagallis 

Anchusa 

Anemone 

Antennaria 

Anthemis 

Anthriscus 

Anthyllis 

Antirrhinum 

Apium 

Apocynaceae 

Aquilegia 

Arabis 

Araceae 

Arctium 

Arenaria 

Arrhenatherum 

Artemisia 



Page. 

39 

39 

72 

5 

157 

2 

66 

54| 

156 

149 

113 

54 

138 

138 

133 

148 

11 

115 

115 

131 

71 

62 

150 

93 

88 

92 

1 

71 

73 

64 

45 

98 

62 

89 

5 

11 

138 

76 

28 

151 

74 



Arum 

Asparagus 

Asperula 

Asphodelus 

Asplenium 

Aster 

Atanasia 

Atriplex 

Atropis 

A vena 

Barbarea 

Bartsia 

Berberidaceae 

Berberis 

Bidens 

Blackstonia 

Boraginaceae 

Borago 

Botrychium 

Brassica 

Briza 

Bromus 

Bupleurum 

Cakile 

Calamagrostis 

Calamintha 

Callitriche 

Calluna 

Caltha 

Calystegia 

Camelina 

Campanula 

Campanulaceae 

Cannabis 

Capri foliaceae 

Capsella 

Cardamine 

Carduus 

Carex 

Carlina 

Carthamus 



Page. 

138 

132 

68 

134 

157 

70 

66 

117 

153 

150 

11 

104 

5 

5 

72 

89 

91 

92 

159 

15 

152 

154 

62 

18 

150 

109 

59 

84 

4 

94 
14 
84 
83 
125 
66 
16 
11 
76 
142 
76 
77 



168 



INDEX. 



Carum 

Caryophyllaceae 

Castalia 

Castanea 

Catabrosa 

Caucalis 

Celastraceae 

Celsia 

Centaurea 

Centaurium 

Centunculus 

Cerastium 

Cerefolium 

Ceterach 

Chaerophyllurn 

Chara 

Characeae 

Cheiranthus 

Chelidonium 

Chenopodiaceae 

Chenopodium 
Chrysanthemum 

Cichorium 

Claytonia 

Clematis 

Clinopodium 

Cochlearia 

Compositae 

Coniferae 

Conium 

Conringia 

Convolvulaceae 

Cornaceae 

Cornus 

Coronilla 

Coronopus 

Corydalis 

Cotoneaster 

Crambe 

Crassulaceae 

Crataegus 

Crepis 

Cruciferae 



Page. 

62 ; Cupuliferae 
24 Cuscuta 

5 Cynodon 

126 Cynosurus 
152 Cyperaceae 

65 Cyperus 
39 Cvtisus 
97 Dactylis 

77 Danaa 
90 i Daphne 
88 Datura 
27 Daucus 

64 Delphinium 

158 Deschampsia 

63 Dianthus 
160 Dicentra 
160 Diclytra 

10 Digitalis 

7 Diotis 

1 16 Diplotaxis 

1 16 Dipsaceae 

73 Dipsacus 

78 Doronicum 

31 Dracocephalum 

Dracunculus 

109 Drosera 

12 Droseraceae 

69 Dryopteris 

128 Echinodorus 

62 Echinops 

14 Echinospermum 

94 Echium 

66 Elaeagnaceae 
66 Eleocharis 
46 Elodea 

16 Elymus 

8 Epilobium 

56 Equisetaceae 
18 Equisetum 

57 Erica 

56 Ericaceae 

79 Erigeron 

10 Eriophorum 



Page. 

126 

94 

151 

151 

141 

141 

40 

152 

62 

121 

96 

65 

5 

150 

24 

8 

8 

100 

73 

15 

69 

69 

75 

110 

138 

58 

58 

159 

139 

76 

94 

93 

122 

141 

128 

157 

60 

159 

159 

85 

84 

70 

142 



INDEX. 



169 



Erodium 

Erophila 

Eruca 

Ervnerium 

Erysimum 

Eschscholtzia 

Euonymus 

EuDatorium 

Euphorbia 

Euphorbiaceae 

Euphrasia 

Faqopyrum 

Falcaria 

Festuca 

Ficoideae 

Filago 

Filices 

Fceniculum 

Fragaria 

Fuchsia 

Fumaria 

Fumariaceae 

Galanthus 

Galeopsis 

Ga Hum 

Gastridium 

Gaudinia 

Genista 

Gentiana 

Gentianaceae 

Geraniaceae 

Geranium 

Gf^um 

Glaucium 

Glaux 

Glechoma 

Glyceria 

Gnaphalium 

Gramineae 

Grindelia 



Habenaria 
Haloragaceae 



Page. Page. 

37 HeliantRus ... 70 

12 Helleborine ... 129 

15 ! Helleborus ... 4 

61 Helxine ... 125 

14 I Hemizonia ... 72 

7 i Herniaria ... 115 
39 ! Hesp-eris ... 13 

69 Hieracium ... 80 
122 Hippophae ... 122 
122 Hordeum ... 156 
101 Hydrocharideae ... 128 
120 Hydrophyllaceae ... 91 

63 Hymenophyllum ... 157 
154 Hyoscyamus ... 96 

61 Hypericaceae ... 32 

70 Hypericum ... 32 
157 Hypochoeris ... 81 

64 Iberis ... 18 
52 Illecebraceae ... 115 
61 Illecebrum ... 115 

8 Impatiens 38 
8 Inula ... 71 

132 Iridaceae ... 131 

111 Iris ... 131 

67 Isatis ... 18 

150 Isoetes ... 160 

151 Jasione ... 83 
39 Juncaceae 134 
90 Juncus 134 
89 Juniperus ... 128 
35 Kentranthus ... 68 
35 Koeleria ... 151 
52 I Labiatae ... 106 

7 Lactuca ... 82 

87 Lagoseris ... 80 

110 Lamium ... 112 

153 Lastrea 159 

71 Lathyrus ... 47 

147 Lavatera 

69 Legousia ... 84 

24 Leguminosas ... 39 

130 Lemna ... 138 

58 Lemnaceae 138 



170 



INDEX. 



Lentibulariaceee 

Leontodon 

Leonurus 

Lepidium 

Lepturus 

Leycesteria 

Ligustrum 

Liliaceae 

Liliurn 

Limonium 

Limosella 

Linaceae 

Linaria 

Linum 

Listera 

Lithospermum 

Littorella 

Lolium 

Lonas 

Lonicera 

Loranthaceae 

Lotus 

Luzula 

Lychnis 

Lycium 

Lycopodiaceae 

Lycopodium 

Lycopsis 

Lysimachia 

Lythraceae 

Malaxis 

Malva 

Malvaceae 

Marrubium 

Marsileaceae 

Matricaria 

Meconopsis 

Medicago 

Melampyrum 

Melica 

Melilotus 

Melissa 

Melittis 



Page. 




Page. 


106 


Mentha 


106 


81 


Menyanthes 


90 


112 


Mercurialis 


123 


16 


Mesembryanthemum 


61 


156 


Mibora 


149 


66 


Microcala 


89 


89 


Mimulus 


99 


132 


Mcenchia 


27 


134 


Molinia 


152 


87 


Montbretia 


131 


99 


Montia 


31 


35 


Moricandia 


16 


97 


Myosotis 


92 


35 


Myrica 


125 


128 


Myricaceae 


125 


93 


Myriophyllum 


58 


114 


Naiadaceae 


139 


15S 


Narcissus 


131 


72 


Nardus 


156 


66 


Neckeria 


8 


122 


Neottia 


128 


45 


Nepeta 


110 


]36 


Neslia 


18 


27 


Nitella 


161 


95 1 


Nvmphaeaceae 


5 


160 


CEnanthe 


64 


160 


CEnothera 


61 


92 


Oleaceae 


89 


87 


Omphalodes 


94 


59 


Onagraceae 


60 


-128 


Ononis 


40 


34 


Ophioglossum 


159 


33 ! 


Orchidaceae 


128 


Ill 


Orchis 


129 


160 


Origanum 


109 


74 


Ornithogalum 


134 


7 


Ornithopus 


46 


41 


Orobanchaceae 


105 


104 


Orobanche 


105 


152 


Oxalis 


38 


42 


Panicum 


147 


109 


Papaver 


6 


110 ! 


Papaveraceas 


6 



INDEX. 



171 



Pedicularis 

Peplis 

Petasites 

Phacelia 

Phalaris 

Phleum 

Phragmites 

Picris 

Pilularia 

Pimpinella 

Pinguicula 

Pinus 

Plantaginaceae 

Plantago 

Plumbaginaceae 

Poa 

Polemoniaceae 

Polemonium 

Polycarpon 

Polygala 

Polygalaceae 

Polygonaceae 

Polypogon 

Polystichum 

Populus 

Portulaceae 

Potamogeton 

Potentilla 

Poterium 

Primula 

Primulaceae 

Prionitis 

Prunus 

Pteris 

Pterotheca 

Pyrus 

Quercus 

Radicula 

Radiola 

Ranunculaceae 

Ranunculus 

Raphanus 

Rapistrum 



Page. 




104 


Reseda 


59 


Resedaceae 


74 


Rhamnaceae 


91 


Rhamnus 


148 


Rhinanthus 


149 


Ribes 


151 


Rosa 


79 


Rosaceae 


160 


Rubia 


63 


Rubiaceae 


106 


Rubus 


128 


Rumex 


113 


Ruppia 


113 


Ruscus 


87 


Rynchospora 


152 


Sagina 


90 


Sagittaria 


90 


Salicaceas 


31 


Salicornia 


24 


Salix 


24 


Salsola 


119 


Salvia 


150 


Sambucus 


158 


Samolus 


127 


Sanicula 


31 


Santolina 


139 


Saponaria 


53 


Saxifraga 


54 


Scabiosa 


87 


Scandix 


87 


Schoenus 


63 


Scilla 


48 


Scirpus 


157 


Scleranthus 


80 


Scrophularia 


55 


Scrophulariaceae . 


126 


Scutellaria 


11 


Sedum 


35 


Selaginella 


1 


Selaginellaceae 


2 


Sempervivum 


19 


Senecio 


18 


Setaria 



Page. 

19 

19 

39 

39 

104 

57 

55 

48 

67 

67 

49 

121 

1.40 

132 

142 

28 

139 

126 

118 

126 

119 

110 

66 

88 

61 

74 

24 

56 

69 

64 

142 

134 

141 

115 

98 

96 

110 

57 

160 

160 

58 

75 

148 



172 



Sibthorpia 

Sideritis 

Silene 

Silybum 

Sison 

Sisymbrium 

Sisyrinchium 

Sium 

Solanaceae 

Solanum 

Solidago 

Sonchus 

Sparganium 

Spartium 

Specularia 

Spergula 

Spergularia 

Spinachia 

Spiraea 

Spiranthes 

Stachys 

Stellaria 

Suaeda 

Syrnphytum 

Tamaricaceae 

Tamarix 

Taraxacum 

Teesdalia 

Tellima 

Tetragonia 

Teucrium 

Thalictrum 

Thlaspi 

Thymeleaceae 

Thymus 

Torilis 



INDEX. 


Page. 




99 


Tragopogon 


111 


Frif olium 


25 


Triglochin 


77 Trigonella 


63 


Trisetum 


13 


Tritonia 


131 


Typha 


63 


Typhaceae 


95 


Ulex 


95 


Ulmus 


70 


Urnbelliferae 


82 Urtica 


137 ! Urticaceae 


40 Utricularia 


84 Vacciniaceae 


29 


Vaccinium 


30 


Valeriana 


117 


Valerianaceae 


49 


Valerianella 


125 


Verbascum 


HI 


Verbena 


27 


Verberaceae 


119 


Veronica 


91 


Viburnum 


32 


Vicia 


32 


Vinca 


81 


Viola 


18 


Violaceae 


57 


Viscum 


61 


Vogelia 


112 


Volvulus 


1 


Wahlenbereria 


17 


Wilclo* 


121 


Xanthium 


109 


Zannichellia 



65 i Zostera 



Page. 

82 

43 

139 

40 

150 

131 

137 

137 

40 

123 

61 

125 

123 

106 

84 

84 

68 

68 

68 

96 

106 

106 

100 

66 

46 

89 

20 

20 

122 

18 

94 

83 

13 

71 

140 

140 



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