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Full text of "Supplement to A standard dictionary of the English language; containing addenda: proper names; glossary of foreign words, phrases, etc. Rev. to July, 1903"

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Presented to the 
LIBRARY of the 




















Revised to 'July, JOOj 

Funk & Wagnalls Company 

New York and London 



Copyright, 1903, Jy ^iiwi cf- \YaynaUt Company. 




ADDENDA, - 2103* 






NESS OF USAGE, ETC., - 2365 






ROENTGEN RAYS, between 2172 and 2173 




}- following 2187 


*The preceding folios are to be found in the Standard Dictionary proper. 



Cross-references to words In the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


. . . . 

aa'Mtr.' ft'sur, . iitol. SameasoSAB. 
miH-vo'Kel. fis-fr/Hel, it. [S.-Afr. D.J A vulture; any car- 
rion-eating bird. 

aar. or. n. JS,Afr,D,, An eagle,. . perennial herbsof the milkweed family ^.^a^) tr^c'hl^^r^^.ris'^^^'o 1 ? 

a-ba'dc-jo", a-WTdf-HO;, it. [Sp.] A serranold flsh, the ac " e -to-la'tuin; as'g-to-le'tom or -Ic/turn, n. Pharm. ^ m It. condition (n"!oVnli; or as unrealized possibility of 

scamp. See SCAMPI, n., ^. An 8UD stance containing a volatile oil, as an aromatic ac tlon. A similar distinction In modern physios results In 

A-ba'nia, a-ba'ma, n. Bot. See NARTHECIJ-M*. essence distilled in vinegar. [< ACETO- + L. oleum, oil.] tne two recognized forms of energy, potential and tincHc. 

ab aii-Ii'qua, ab an-tai'cwa or -ti cwa. IL.] From A-ciia'iii-a, a-ke'nl-a or a-ca'ni-a. Same as MALV AVIS- when a ton.welght Is suspended In mld-air, its energy Is fit 

antiquity. cu" potentia. or potential ; when let loose It becomes kinetic 

a-ba'sl-a, a-be'zhi-aor-bg'si-Q, n. Pathol. A disease of A1|1 , I/ent The sophism to prove that See ENERGY Sec KBAUTH-FLEMING A Vocabulary of 

the nervous system preventing coordinate action of the ' ti , imiK>~ible- ori.'inatini? with Zeno of Elea. the Philosophical Sciences; UEBEBWEO A History oj Phi- 

muscles in walking. [ < Gr. a- priv. + ban*, rhythmical .SgS^ k -rait, . rfineraL Same as DIOPTASE. Iwopftyvol. I, p 157 [L < -ago actj 

arm, the pure Actuality In which is no potential 
If.thinklng Reason or absolute Spirit. UEBEKW 

Ing tarsi sharply ridged behind; lammiplantar. 


to"rcanon?'4!'A"bayorcove.'' "' a-iou'pa, "a'-cO'pa', n7 "[SpT^A scisenoid nsh ( Cijnoscton "" B IsT' 

nb-ra, it. A silver coin of the ancient kingdom of Poland, acoupa) of the South-American Atlantic coast, one of the a -dapt'e 


a __ r 


b-ra's, . A silver coin of the ancient kingdom of Poland, acoupa)'ot the South-American Atlantic coast, one of the a-dapt'er, n. [Additional sense.] Phot. An arrange- 
worth about 25 cents, or 1 shilling. croakers. mpnt that mav be fitted to a studio camera, for using 

[."Hen-tee', n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] A convict: a -cou'phone, a-cfl'fon, n. A microtelephomc instru- ^",, pr "1^ than thoBe for which the camera is In- 
a euphemism formerly used. ment used for reproducing at a distance and intensifying ,,'j p ip p * .T, r. 

i. . , . l . . "> : ^ .... .1 r \ , i t IIIIM! oi>naA 1 1f.athfi.ifJt. - i. _ i -_i*_-^ i T im../I teiKlfKl, r>t KIT i D. 

r.akouo, hear, + P hone, sound.] a-kou 

a-bys'sal rocks, deal. Igneous rocks formed beneath tnc akrasia, incontinence.] 
surface at great depth. Compare PLUTONIC, 2 (2), and see o< ./r rn . to . pe / Bn , ac'ra-to-pf 'ga, n. [-QJ&, pi.'} 

PLUTONIC BOCKS, under BOCK 1 , n. water that has no decided chemical propertlu,. L ^ .. -p ^or,^nnv..j 

ca'ela, n. [Additional phrase.] drooping acacia, a akratos, pure, + pege, water.] ad'o-llyl, ad'g-nil, n, Chem. A radical (CiHjN,) fonnrt 

small Tasmanlan tree (Acacia Biceana}. with pale.yellow a'crefoot", e'ker-fnr, n. The amount of water re- j n a a en in and hypoxanthin. [< Or. adln, gland, + hyR, 

K . H ..~ r ~ ,- -j"_ ' ' .- 

A mineral rise only to a neurlte, or axis-cylinder process. 
ies. L< Gr. -j- DBNDBITIC.] 

taining or relating to the acanthion. which fructification is terminal. See PLEUROCARFI. [< Any drug or other agent that prevents perspiration. 

a-can'tho-pod, a-can'tho-ped. Zool. I. a. Having ACBO - 4. Or. karpot, fruit.] Or. a- pnv. 4- diaphoreo, perspire.] 

spines on the feet. ac"an-thop'o-dousj. II- " ac"ro-c-thc'l-a,. I acTo-es-tht'si-a, n. Pathol. 1. A-dic'e-a, a-dls'g-a, n. Bot. Same as PILEA*. 
An insect, as a beetle, with spiny feet. [< ACANTHO- + ac'ro-rea-thc'al-a, | Extreme sensitiveness. 2. Pain a d"l-pos'e-nous, ad'i-pej'g-nus, a. Capable of pro- 
Gr. pous, foot.] In the extremities. [< ACRO- + ESTHESIA.] ducing fat. Compare ADIPOSE. [< L. adtps, fat, + 

a-eat"a-nia-tne'sl-a,a-cafa-ma-thl'si-aor-th6'8i-a, Bc "ro-meg'a-llc, acTo-meg'a-llc, a. Pathol. Relating - O ENOUS.] 

n. Inability to comprehend ordinary conversation, ac- toi p ar tnking of, or affected by acromegaly. [< ACRO- ad"l-po-lyt'Ic, ad'i-po-lit'ic, a. Decomposing neutral 
companied by a blunting of the perceptions: a degener- _L. Qr. megaK, great.] f a ts into glycerin and free fatty acids, as by the action 

ative symptom in some forms of chronic insanity. [< a c"ro-par-al'y-Bls, ac'rc-par-al'i-sis, n. Pathol. Par- of an ac |3 or a iii a ii O r an enzym; fat-splitting. [< L. 
A- 14 + Gr. katamatMti, thorough knowledge.] a- a i y8 i 8 o f the extremities. [< ACHO- + PARALYSIS.] ailern, fat, + Gr. lytlkot, able to loose.] 

kafa-ma-tlie'dl-aj. a-crop'a-lliy. a-crep'a-thi, n. Pathol. Any disease ad"\-vo'mn,*a-l-pZ"ma,n. Pathol. Same as LIPABOCELE. 

ac'c-ens, n. [Additional senses.] S. C. Ch. 1. In a a g e cflng the extremities. [< ACRO- + -PATHV.] [< L. aaep, fat.] 

conclave of cardinals, thetransfer of votes from one can- a c"ro-rna'gii8 , ac'ro-rS'gos or -rg'gus, n. Zooph. One nd"i-poni'n-loiiH, a. .,,,) , 

didate to another, especially to one who holds the majority of a num ber of marginal tubercles, formed chiefly of ad-joinl' curve, aeom An a (tehralc curve , reiaten to 
of votes, for the purpose of securing the number of votes hrea d.cells, that occur in series on some forms of Actl- MS" 1 ""SSSf SoSt of the ne"? lo P wef order on the 
required to elect Wm. 2. Authority granted a clenc to naHo . r<' AC Ko- + Or. rhax, grape.] former m p p 

occupy a benefice vacant through the inadequacy of age A.-cros'tl-clium, a-cres'tl-com, n. A large genus of a d-ine'di-al, ad-ml'dl-ol, a. Same as ADMEDIAN. 
or death of the incumbent. 3. The introductory prayers tropical ferns having sort spread over the entire frond ad'mi-rnlotiell", n. Conch. One of the cone-shells. 
or psalms prescribed by the church for the use of the or fa uppe r pinna. A. auremn, the golden fern, ad-mit'tance, n. [Additional sense.] Elec There- 
officiating priest to precede the mass. with simple pinnate fronds, 2 to 6 feet long, Is found in ciprocal of the impedance of an alternatine-currcnt 

ac-ces'so-ry con'tract. Eng. Law. A contract entered Florida. Several species, as A. apitfoUum and A. aurt- c | rcu | t . A. E. KENNELLT Letter to Standard Diet. Aug. 
Into for the purpose of obtaining by surety, mortgage, etc., turn, are found in the Philippine Islands. L < ACBO- -fr- i*r. jg JQQJ 
the fuiaiment of the provisions of a prior contract. itlchon, row.] <l''o-l<>Vpnt a f Additional sense.] Topoa. Pro- 

c"cl-den'tal-Im,n. [Additional senses.] 1. PhUos. ac-tln'l-an, ac-tin'i-an. I. a. Same as ACTINOID. a ^^ ' t ow"d'uniformity of slope, as in a valley. 
The theory that events may occur absolutely without II. n. A zoophyte of the family Actmuax. ac tl- a . dopt ,j ve nrmg . Her. Arms of one family or estate, 
cause; tychism. 2. Ethics. Indeterminism. llldt. marshaled with those of another, by an adopter on the con- 

c"co-la'ted, ac'onC'ted, a. Same as ACCOLLE, 2. ac-tlll'I-clsm, ac-tin'i-sizm, n. Same as ACTINISM. ditlon that he shall enjoy an Inherited estate. 

ac"co-len', ac'o-lent'. I. o. Dwelling near or in close ac"tl-nlc'i-ty, ac'ti-nis'i-ti, n. The quality of being A-dox-a'ce-, a-dex-e'se-t or -g'ce-g, n .pi. Sot. An 

Sroximity. II. n. One who dwells near a place; a bor- actinic. Compare ACTINIC. order of herbs the moschatel family embracing only 

erer. [< L. acmlo, dwell by, < ad, to, -\-colo, dwell.] ac-tln'o-branch, ac-tin'o-brapc, n. A gill-like vas- thc mono t yp i c Ke nus Adoxa, which is commonly included 
ni-<-oiii"ino-dn/tion road. [Eng.] A private road over cular organ of some coslenterates, as the Anthozoa. [< jn tne honevsuckle family. See ADOXA. 

land not adjoining the, highway; byway. ACTING- 4- Gr. bronchia, gills.] a-doi-a'ce-ous, a. 

"'p-^ec'uv'e'Ufn'g EaEE'S Ad, 1 3&SS%%& ^SSSSSSf""^ ^o**"-"' "' ** * ^ adsorb', ad-serb', , . To condense and hold (a gas) by 
or -road, supplied for the convenience of a landowner <"! i-noi'de-a , ac'tl-nel'de-a, n. pi. Same as AOTINOZOA. adsorption. ee OCCLLDK. 

whose property adjoins a railway. iir>"tl-llo-niv-l'Ot'lC ac"ti-no-mal-COt'ic, a. Relating Considerable quantities of COo are assorted! even by perfectly 

ac-cre'tion, n. [Additional sense.] Scots Law. The act a " ,u^, y " . nr fffortwi ^ hv actinomvcosis f < AC- dry glass powder. Science Abstracts Jan. 26, 1901, p. 4, col. 1. 

of perfecting an originally Imperfect title by the grantor to to, partaking or, or atte -tea oy ai . L- ^ a d"vo-ca'tuadi-ab'o-li, ad"vo-kt-'[or-ca']tusdl-ab'o.lal 

secure the holder In possession. TINO- -t- ur. mi/M#, in u i or -if [L ] Same as THE DEVIL'S ADVOCATE, under AD- 

ao-cul'tur-al, ac-cnl'chnr-[or -tjur-]al, a. Pertaining ac'tus 11 , n. Action or act; the exertion of force. Physical VOOATI . . 

to acculturation. Compare CULTURE, n., 3. or mental, as distinguished from the force itaelf : the a dz' .plane", adz'-plSn', n. A tool for rabbeting and 

The invention is at first individual, but when an invention is ae- exercise or manifestation of a property as distinguished jjojjgng use <l bv coach-makers and panel-workers in 
cepted and usi-ci by others it i a,-cultural. from the property itself; actuality as distinguished from pane ] j ng circular, and curved work. 

Rep. of Smithsonian Institution. IS9t p. 42. [oov. pro. OFT.] rjotentiality. ^''tro-no'dl-Iim. !Tor 8"leo-Do'di-um, n. BOt. A 

a-i-e'di-a 2 , fi-sC'di-fi, ". [Sp.l A flsh of the family Soleiace 

(Sumphnrus plagiulai, found In the West Indies, and south 

to Brazil. 
a-cen"au-a-dor', a-then'su-a-dSr', n. [Sp. Am.] An 

Ac"e-ra'te, as-g-re'tizor-rg'tes, n. Bot. A genus of _^ 

ofa, firm, ask; at, fare, accord; elgmfint, e.r = over, eight, | = usage; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, no; net, ner, atem; full, rule; but, bOrn; aisle; 
au = out; ell; 1O =fd, "|O = future; c = k; chwch; dn = (Ae; go, sine, ink; so; tfcin; b = azure; F. Don, dttne. <,/rom; t, obtolete; t, variant. 

l^F (2103) 

-iemia 21O4 alivinc.ilar 

u'aii, arco-BO'an, . Of or pertaining to the 

sheep's head and trotters. siterite containing tantalum pcntoxid. [< Gr. ainos, al'de-a-mciil, al'de-a-ment, n. A rural settlement; 

af-frif'a-llv(e, af-fric'a-tiv, . Phon. The close com- dire, -f- lilhos, stone.] village; also, a large larm. [< Sp. aldea.] 

binationof a stop or an explodent with a fricative con- alr'<bell" a ,gr'-bel', n. [Recent.] Phot. A bubble formed while the Government and the missions have succeeded with 
sonant or spirant, as nf in German pferd, horse, and z on a plate in process of development, or on a print while great difficulty with others, as for the Bororo. with their hostile in- 
(pronounced as te) in German zigeumi; Gipsy. [< AF- coated with albumen. 55!?S < ^JL?^J?^!S. lr H**5? ! f^St&V*!? 

4- PRIC VTIVE ] nir'strap", ar'-trap', n. Same as STENCH-TRAP. 

''men. n IHeh 1 A cake used hv A"i-zo-a'ce-<e, 6 al-zo-C'se-l or g'l-zo-g'ce-f, . p.. OB...C "CHARLES D. WALCOTT Rep. Smithsonian Institution for ism 

pp. 574-5. [UOV. PTG. OFF.] 

the al'dose, al'dos, n. Chem. A sugar or a class of sugars 
having the same chemical constitution as an aldehyde 

i_ . - . . [New Zealand.! Either alcohol, as grape-sugar. See KETOSE*. [< ALDEHYDE.] 

uain. ' a-Ue"a-ke', ! of two small trees: 1 1 1 Do,<imaa rixroM of Kiliani, in 1885. proved that grape.suifar must be regarded as n 

-"a-lll.>'l>I-u III . ag-Q-mO'bi-Om, n. BM. Themodeof S e t S^S2iW^ESlS? <l * ) ' * ' Olfana ^ mfrs " aldehyde alcohol, and fruit-sugar a, a ketone alcohol. Hence it is 
rf nrndnrtinn in nru-ninamn thnt Hpvplnn n aprit>H of fnrni f * l -^ 7 "7^"'" t "/' etistomary to distiujriiish alilnm's uml ketOM*. KICHTER OnNMM 

,n& . ! rtJ^ttSR^^^Str^s^tS^rflSSS a -.t '>. r.^.,l " The ^^"^ a^SZ, . ^ ISS K. s ,,,i,h, vi. i, P . 542. ^ . * co . S3 



different from the adult parent (alternation of genera 

phenyl-hydrazine with salicrlic aldehyde: used in medi- 

level reduction: used in topography and applied to the urai; also in some nouns that were originally adjectives; 

configuration of ground. 2. Hone-racing. Being seven as, aniino/; rivo/. 2. The act of doing or the state of 

years old or more: said of a horse. suffering what is expressed by > 3~* . ...M^I, 

aJc-Klii'll-iiiii. ag-glO'ti-nin, n. BM. One of certain the suffix is added; as, betroth 

, --, . . 

proteid-like substances formed in the blood, as the re- -alls.) '<**,,.,,, rhmmri.. ' fnr M>-2 IRI , n r,,rt; 

suit of infection with certain bacteria or their toxins, -al 2 , <**. Chem. Noting a compound having the prop- J^ ",Sw trZ the ILves'of' Jht n ire*, 

ra ng up o te o a watercourse at any pont o uy h fagalogs ^ , now . whi(e sU!ed of odo . , he almn of FiUMbonie . and 

weakening of the current, by deposition of detritus. 2. a-lae', o-lf, n. LHawall.] A galllnule or coot, especially the to the marvel of all, a small palfry i.lainlv caparisoned. 

Specifically, the building up by streams, in arid regions, Hawaiian gallinule ( llitllinulii a/ulricifnxixl. a-lni't. LYTTON Harold bk. 11, ch. 3, p. 80. [K. * s.] 

' ' ' -' 

. -. 

de of troops of the Turk- al-fnr'cn, ol-fur'ga, n. 
ession attended h? the al.fon'tiiii, ol-ftm'stn, n. 

< . a- - GRADATION. a-an-o",a.n--y(V . [Hawaii.] A drppanidlnel.lrd T-he principal branches of algebra may be broadly class!- 

-aurffrailnlion plain ( deal.), a topographic plain (Oremnyza mmuana) of Laual, Hawaiian Islands. fled as follows: (1) The lln-ory of numbers, treating of 

built up by aggradation In arid districts. It begins by the a-lariii'iicane", n. Same as PRESSI-HE-GAGE. See under the general principles of numbers apart froiii any arbitrary 

building pp of the hollowed bed of a stream, at the foot of GAGE', 11. system of notation and their application to such problems 

a declivity, forming a plain with a nearly straight longl- A-la'kail, a-las'kan. I. a. Of or pertaining to as that of the determination of primes. (2) The theory 

tudlnal profile, which may become a very broad plain of Alaska: as, the Alafkan flora. II. n. A native or of equations and the study of certain functions having 

naturalized resident of Alaska special relations to their solution, as determinants and in- 

It ^ would seem . that th lat addition to an aggradation a-la'klte Q-las'kaitn Mineral A ffrvinh metal variant*. (3) The illflllilcxiinal calculus, embracing 


oi'B. a"nt, ', a. [ippnes.] Salte 

Hff'o-ny col'umn. ICollon., Eng.] A column of a news- a-la'wi, 0-lfl'wl, n. (Hawaii. I A dr 

paper In which personal notices are printed. myza parrrt) of Kaual, Hawaiian Isla 

a"ao', Q'gOz', n. [Philippines.] A watercourse: a Taga- al'be-cor, al'bo-ciir, n. A fish. Same 


. . 

pt. iv, p. ,. loov.rT OFF. iwi.] 8,), that occurs crystalline with indistinct faces and als llSottoSs^iS2eui" 

aff-nath'ic, ag-nath'lc, a. Jawless. Compare AOXATH- massive. [< Alaska, name of a mine, Colorado.] tic integrals. (4) The theory of functions, treating 

oi'B. a"lnt', fi'lflf, a. [Philippines.] Salted: a Tagalog term. of tbe functions mentioned under the two branches Just 

'l, n. (Hawaii. I A drepanldlnc bird (Oreo- preceding, and all other functions, as subject to the same 

slands. general laws and as examples of a great class of quantities. 

, . . , . . me as ALBACOKE, 1. (5) Multiple algebras, based on two or more unitsdlf- 

log term. al-ber'ca, o.l-bar'cfl, n. [Sp.] 1, A pond or pool. 2. A ferlng In Kind, arising originally from a consideration of 

a-graph', a-grgf, n. A spoken word as distinguished sink to carry off waste or dirty water. so-called Imaglnarles, and including quaternions and other 

from a written one. [< A- 14 -f- -GRAPH.] al'bert, al'bgrt, n. [Eng.l A short watch-chain made of vector analyse*. See the full-faced and Italicized words in 

H-srn'rl-iin crime, [Gt. Brit, ft Ir.j Crime due to dls- links and having a cross-bar passed, usually, through a but- vocabulary. 

putes between landlords and tenants. ton-hole. Called also albert<chaln. al-sc'ol-a, al-ji'[or gl-gc']si-a, n. Pathol. Excessive 

A(r"ro-inyz'l-daB, ag'ro-maiz'i-df or -mis'i-de, n. pi. al"bi-nu'ri-a, art>l-nlu'[r -nQ']rI-o, n. Pathol. Same as sensibility to pain. [< Or. alyos, pain.] 
Entom. A family of acalypterous flics (order Dlptem) r"h 1 Ll _* 1 IA ,.J n ' np i''-hi A r I ;i > ni :1II n l T' A V' , , -algrta. -al'ji-a or -al'gi-a. From Greek aloe, ain, 

ontaining small species whose larva; burrow into plants A SE!| I | E~ P ' P ' POTOMAC n?,, r ,native ending usei! in medicine to sign 


and stems of grasses under the plants. Al-blz'zl-a, al-biz'i-a, re. Sol A genus of hardy orna- in combination, indicating a specific complaint, as ncur- 

The larva? of some Agromi/zid<z feed on living plant., while mental trees or shrubs of the bean family (UgmmHOsse) altjia. -al'gy*. 

of e ,it r . % ^. h^r pre)r up n ? !,' ce ^ e m>ect? - No They arc allied to Acacia, to which they are sometimes re. '". "''Jin. A sticky, nitrogenous substance 

an ^ o HOWARD rl, "?,L r 'rt H,t"n y K-f nTi-'^n'TiEn'i tem1 *- See MESENNA, and SILK-TREE, under SILK. . [< found in marine plants, especial)}-, in . ilgie, used in the 
nce L. o. HOWA Tu HUH* Book p. 187. [D p. * co. 1* j t Alt>izztf TuBCan (amlly whlch introduced the aUkrtree preparation of Looln. 

m,?t r" m J ' "' iVi^ 1 [< Gr - a S r ' flcId . + my2a, intoltal).] al-alv'o-roui., al-jiv'o-rus, a. Feeding on alga>, as 

suck.] ae"ro-inyi'id, a. & n. Al'brlght, fll'brait, n. A follower of Jacob Albright certain iiruanoid saurians 

Ag"r..l.m'ma, agTo-stem'a, n. Bot. A genus of (1759-1808), evangelist. See EVANGELICAL ASSOCIATION, Such ,-1. fh , ., wilh , h , ir d ^ itil ... , nd , h . 

ffaidy evergreen perennial herbs of the ,, ink family under EVANGELICAL. ^^"^ O rfe^h^.%^."^S!8i l> te ft! 

(UaryopnyUaeeat, now generally included in Lyc/inm. al-bu'tnold, al-biQ'roeid, n. Chem. An insoluble, partly <?rodont series, c. WALTOTT Kep. f. .s. Xat. Museum, i 
ined In AarrMemma by some indigestible substance yielding tyrosin, and found in ' 

, . , -, . . , , . 

Of the two species still retained In AarrMemma by some indigestible substance yielding tyrosin, and found in P- 223 - I GOV - na - ofr - ' 

s^s^ ) h <\^^t f r nttnlmal8 - compareTYRo8iN --^>-^ 

, ag'ro-tec ni, n. The technology of ar"bu-mo-ii'rf-a, arbin-mo-siu'[or-su']ri-a a-IPitua, a-H'gwa, n. [Philippines.] An ax used by the 
T. rate . . . ,he n,o !.,, ,or. of ,h. African Sb^oJ" 'cSmpa iucl.^ ?<*$5gTfg >-""'' ->'. [Philippines.] An attendant; a sen- 

sUtions has related to dairying. OEO. W. Hiu. in Year.ttook of f >umO8C. LOmpare ALBl MOSE. (.< ALBLMOSE + C.r. ant: Tagalog term. 

U.S. Devt. of Agriculture, imif.bxi. [oov. pro. orF.J f!,' ro " i."',, e ' J ,. M; al'l-nlt, al'T-nit. . A bacterial culture of Radllus Kl- 

[< Gr. agros, field, + technt, art.] a and^n t?,,- "l ,u'h .'nim,'!?. on til ieinf r.'. !i '?,? p n i l">bic/itnn, said to be valuable to grain as an aid in as- 

"^VhirS^'hat 3 .'' 1 ^^'"'' "' ^P' 1 T " C "^ tor -P c ' llSdta^^.'ta^J^'.SS'by'aS^'SS simib,ti,,g nitrogen. 

mZ2. , Si ^ ./, ^-li,/-.r H alcabala on rral estate was IcVled as often as the land was al"l-phal'Ic, al'i-fat'ic, a. Chem. Obtained from fat; 

^m^^l^^&J!fc 1 n i I &kJ ?, c ld sa,es^Tn 1 ;!re r< nStTl!';tv'.^ >d8BOWatPUb - %W??* ' " deriVCd fr m fat [< "'' <*"*<<*. 

extracted: used as a drink by natives of the lower class. T f , ' '.; "'"c-'<'B'la.. oil, fat.] 

n"itiia-vi'na, a'gwa-vl'nu n [Sp ] A serranold (Di- "he famous ^Icarola of Spam seems to hve been established a-li'pin, fi-li pin, H. [Philippines.] A slave: Tagalog term. 

plectrum fatcimlare) of tropical America: native name, f 1 "'-?"! 1 ^ It as at first a ta of ten per cent., afterwards a i"|. p | te / al'l-poit', n. Mineral. A massive apple- 

Compare ^riRREL-rtsH. ySM^SSaK^^^^^SlifSSSSiSS^ K ree " hydratcd magncsium-nickel silicate similar to 

a-Bui' n. u-gi^fl . [Porto Rlco.l Theosprey a-Kilil'lat. *?"&,? r V-TP^XaHn7, S. ^toN genthitc." [< Gr. alipe*. not greasy.] 

a-itul"lar-He', a-gl lar-aif, n. Mineral. An. iron- commodities p. 718. [w. L * co.] af"l-vln'cu-lar, alM-vin'kiu-lar, a. Possessing a lig- 

ofa, firm, 9sk; at, fire, accord; elf mfint, er = ovr, eight, | = usage; tin, machine, j = renew; obey, no; nt, "nr, atom; full, rule; but, burn; aisle; 
~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference Is to the main vocabulary. 

AljUlli.l 21O5 \ in Ilium 

suits are principally cniunaea, Bum-tea, cw - mined from UW goat-busb. a shrub of the quassia family. 

carbonates of sodium, potassium, magueslum, and calcium, Cumpare OOAT-BCBH. reproduce or recognize muuical sounds. [ < L. amuxica, 

and, sometimes, borates and nitrates. a"mns'iy, u'nias'ti, n. Anal. Same as AMAZIA. < Gr. amoutia, < a- priv. -f W0w*a, muse.] 

The alkali, or soluble salts, is derived from the desiccation of in- aiii'bateli, am'buch, . [Afr] Same as AMBASH. a 111 } ii<ialo-, a-mig'du-lo-, prefix. Connected with or 

land lakes or basins, or is due directly to the Ubmtion of soluble am"bl> -sK'g'He, uin'bli-steg'ait, N. Mineral. A dark related to an amygdala: used as a combining form in 
Sl^S^ST^^ Et brownibh-grc-en to black magnesium- iron metasilicute medicine and surgery. [< AMYGDALA.! 

. . .. 

^. (CMg.Fe)Si0 3 ), that crystallizes in the orthorhombic am'y.lo.plaH'lia, am"! lo.plas'tid, . samc as AMYLO- 

material in the soil in small quantities, less than four-tenths of one System, and IB closely related to hyperetliene. [< Or. PLAST. am' y-Ul-pniM't Hie;. 

per cent., is frequently advantageous, as there are usually sufficient ainblua blunt, + gfeq? llOUSC 1 aill'y-lo-type , am'l-lO-tQlp , . PfiOl. A picture 

quantities of valuable plant foods, hut an amount exceeding 1 this of im.Krtv'iin \ Aririitinmil nhrnspR 1 tmhnvnn printed on paper whicll has been saturated in the juice 

n f , S^fi^W^VKR?&Hft: p"".le < ""'.). an eidSSlcTpM S^oTofttH of a plant, V the green leaf of a cereaL Compare' AH- 

T^la,IS:dI>Ml f t\wi prevalent In tropical countries. Called also Anlboyna THOTYPE*. [< AMYI.O- + -TYPE.] 

black a [Local U 8.1 a strongly alkaline Buhstance button. A. pine, see under PINEI, . ail'a-blepH, an'a-bleps, n. A cyprinoitl fish of the 

formed liy the action of' sodium carbonate on the 'humus of am-bre', am-bre', n. 1 . A tree (Spondlat mangifera) genus Anableps, with each eye divided by a horizontal 

soils, and very Injurious to crops. of the cashew family. Compare SPONDIAS. am- bar into two parts; a four-eyed tish. [<ANA--f-Gr. 

al-kap'ton, n. Same as ALCAPTON*. bra'J. 2. The sap obtained from the courbaril (Hy- Wepd, look.] 

al"lac-tlle', al'ac-tait', n. Mineral. A brownish-red menxa Caurbarit). Compare HYMEN^EA. See also a-na'bo, u-nu'bA, n. [Philippines.] A grass bearing a silk. 

hydrated manganese arsenate (Mna(AsO 4 ).).4Mn(OH) a ), GUM 1 , n., and LOCUST 3 , n., 2. like fiber, ami ri'M-inlillng Cnina grass. It bears four crops 

that crystallizes in the monoclimc system. [< Or. am-bro'gla, n. [Additional sense.] The fungoid a year, and Is valuable for stock. 

aUaktlkos, changeable.] food of a species of rhynchophorous beetle of the family an"n-brnncli', Ul a-braneb ,n. [Austral.] An effluent of a 

al-leg'o-rlsm, al-leg'o-rizm, n. 1. Allegory. Scolytidie: asserted by some to be cultivated by the iSren^lie two J wi't ccmrees" "PommA ^*,??*^? 

Closely allied with this ancient form of Palestinian algorism beetles ill their Mes: used also adjectivally.- ambrosia SSJSf" ompare ASA!, ., BILLA- 

must have been that of the Essenes. Louis GINZBERG in Jewish beetle, a bark-burrowing beetle that feeds on ambrosia. n . nnt ,r 'finite' n rPMllnnfnM 1 A snn nr HHii^htpr 

<!. vol. i, p. 405, col. 2. [r. * w. mi.] a-me'bi-cyle, a-mi'bosait, . EcMn. An ameba- aii"a-lii&a an'S uiu'si an )ZT lnt?nse or ex 

2t. The process or result of allegorizing. [M.] like protozoan found in the ccelomic liquid of certain "' , ", , p ,i~t I? ?' r ^HTtM .^"T 

al"le-lu'ia. n. [Additional sense.] [Prov.Eng.] The cchinodcrms- a leucocyte [< AMEBA + CYTE 1 j, ) thirst. [< ANA- + &r. dijisa, thirst.]- an"a- 

wooA-torrcl (Oxaim AceloselKD. al"le-lu'ya;. m'V 1 n",-i,l nv'l,,'1hTp T rw 1 1 A hnP rtv . dI P slc ' "' Of, pertaining to, or affected by anadlpsia. 

All '- a 1 o-lan'rlil-er am - an shl-r ,n. F.l 1. Ahard '^' -' 

. . , ---, . -. 

al"lo-pel-ag'lc, al'o-pel-aj'ic, a. Of, belonging to, or ese of development of enamel of teeth. BILLINGS Nat. Gr. anagallto.] 

pertaining to deep-sea organisms; as, atlopelagic flora. Med. Diet. [< amel (ENAMEL) + L./oo, make.] aii"a-geii-iiet'Ic, an'a-jcn-net'ic, a. Of or pertaining 

[< ALLO- + PELAGIC.] ii-iii<- 1 "<>-)> lii i', a-meTo-blost', n. A dental cell that to anagennesis; as, anagennetic energy. Sep. of Smith- 

al"lo-tho-8ren'ic, ar'lo-thoir'e-nous, a. Same ai produces enamel [< amel (ENAMEL) 4- Gr blastos sonian Instil., 1896 p. 383. 

ALLOTHIOENE. ^ cel] j an"a-glyph'o-cope, an'a-glif'o-scOp, n. Phot. An 

" farm.labim'rV'for'ciritA-at'ki'n In thelrsnare'tliiw "* Ani"er-ln'dl-an, am'gr-in'di-an. [Recent.] I. a. Of apparatus for sighting anaglyphs so as to secure stereo- 
al-lo"trt-o-mor'plilc, al-lo'tri-o-nier'flc, a. Petrol, or pertaining to American Indians individually or collect- scopic effect. SeeANAGLYPH. [< ANAGLYPH- + -SCOPE.] 

Having an irregular shape which is compelled by sur- ively. II. ti. An American Indian as distinguished from an'a-pliase, an'a-fez, n. Bwl. The amphiaster phase 

rounding bodies' said of the crystalline components of a native of India, the East Indies, or the West Indies, of karyokinesis in which chrpmatin accumulates at each 

granitic rocks; xenomorphic. [< Gr. allotrios, foreign, [< Am ~ in AMERICAN INDIAN.] extremity of the nuclear spindle. See KABYOKINESIS. 

+ moruhe form 1 am'e-slte, am'e-sait, n. Mineral. An apple-green hy- [< ANA- -f PHASE.] 

al"lox-u'rlc, ai'ex-iO'ric a Relating to alloxan and drated magnesium-iron-aluminum silicate (H,(MgFe), an"a-pla-nat'lc, an'a-pla-nat'ic, a. Same as APLA- 

urea; affected by, composed of, or containing alloxan Alj.SiO,), that crystallizes in the hexagonal system, and NATIC. 

and urea [< ALLOXAN + UREA 1 is nearly allied to corundophihte. an'a-srope, nn a-scop, n. Phot. An apparatus which 

ar'lu-aii'dlte, al'iu-S'dait, re. 'Mineral. A brownish- am"l-cro'blo, am-i : cro'bic, a. Not produced by or inverts the image in a camera. [< ANA- -f -SCOPE.] 

red iron manganese phosphate, that occurs massive or in due to microbes: said of certain diseases. [< A-'< + an"a-slls'mat, an'Q-stig'mat, n. Phot. An anastig- 

nodules, and is believed to be an alteration-product of MICROBE] malic lens. 

triphylite f< Francois AUuattd (1778-1865) French A-ini'dnh, Q-mi'dfl, n. [Heb.] A Hebrew prayer consist- an"a-tljj-mat'Ic, an"a-stig-mat'ic, a. 1. Corrected 

mineralogist.] i?fi.?*.i.t n * 1 j''. 2fi'j Jn/t. t .'ll? r J?I:L?.*l.??i I J_ *.i5!i!; .? or astiginati_8m, as a lens. 2. Same as ASTIGMATIC. 

al-Iu'aive arma. Her. Same as CANTING ARMS. See 

under CANTING, pa. 
al-lu'vi-al, n. [Austral.] Alluvial soil containing gold. 

Compare ALLUVIAL, <Z. r '"i" ~ *'f *i ""^ * * ' * t^ AW-' ~\- AA1S.J 

al"ma-cen', armfl-sen' or (Sp.) -then', n. [-CENES, n. pi.] bromid plates. [<AMID + -OL.] a'nar, a'nal. n. pi. [Philippines.] White ants: Tagalog 

ISp.l 1. A warehouse. 2. A dockyard. a-mi'jto, a-mf'gfl, n. [Sp.] A friend; comrade: a term term n'liait. 

alni'oild, n. [Additional phrase.] wild almond, fpecfflcally used to designate friendly natlvesas opposed to an'chor liglit. JV'atii. A white light shown on shipboard 

same as AFRICAN ALMOND. Insurgents in the Philippine archipelago. by a vessel at anchor. 

al-110'lte, al-nO'ait, n. Mneral. Amelilite-bearingba- 4 ,yji m ; ",; ,, m , e ,? 8 -iK*} IL ' B-I.*:.,., - rt~, A vessel under 150 feet in length, when at anchor, shall carry 

salt occurring in elffiolite-bearing syenite: named from , 7,"',[, '.} T./'K A Ta-itk, forward, where it can best be seen, but at a height not exceeding SO 

It* original lornlifv the inland nf Alnrt nff thp cnat nf ignatlng the adherents Of Jacob Amman (17th cent.). feet above the hull, a white light in a lantern so constructed a< to 

al ../''l...* 01 AtnO, OH the coast Of Compare AMMANITE. II. n. A sect of Mennonites, .how a clear, uniform and unbroken light visible all round the 

icu. .11 "" utr-fr. AUg Qhavf (I'nlandl Mennnnitejf tho nonnlnr nninp nsort horizon at a distance of at It-ast a mile. 

al'oe, n. [Additional phrase.]- fetid aloe, the giant [, " h t ni , ,& ith nmhh clll , L in,, Llnyd; Cai,-,,,!,^. n fall i,,ti:m, for Preventing Collision, at 

Illy (Furcriea gigantea). See FI-RCK^A'; GIANT LILY, ptcrcnangi ably with Omyk. Called also Ammanites. s eo art. 11, p. H9. [LLOYD'S 1901.] 
under LILY". See AMMANITE. Oni'iNli : . 

- . 

ite containing yttrium peroxid: found in Sweden. Aiii'ml, am'i or -ai. n. Sot. A small genus of plants BAGE-TREE, 8; GOA POWDER, under POWDER, n. [< 

al'tar>bojr", Sl'tor.beP, n. Eccl. Same as ACOLYTE of the pars i ey family ( I'mbeUiferm) allied to the carrot, native name.] 

o?hTaa"m^m"ngna?lTesofLu ! io^ [Pn " lpplnM - ] A trlbe natives of the Mediterranean region, the Azores, and the an''do-c'li, fln-do-e'll, . [S.-Afr. D.I Sausage or mince- 

ry or terminal panicles. Comp 

, . . . , 

of the pars i ey family ( I'mbeUiferm) allied to the carrot, native name.] 

ohaammngnalesofLuo natives of the Mediterranean region, the Azores, and the an''do-c'li, fln, . .. . 

al-H'r'iin-liv''l-lv 1 ter'np ti'v'i ti n Tfthi IHnml Canary Islands. A. mains is the bishopweed. See meat. Compare AXDOUILLI; ANIIOL'ILLET. 
abiTitv '"choJ e 'or^eiecv thl a ternanVe i? whtch more TOOTHPICK, 2. [L., < Gr. ammi.] an-dor'Ite, an-dSr'ait, . Mineral. A steel-gray lead- 

?han on^ poSonKyTs present to ?he will am-mo'", am-mo'ni-o-fon-, n. A device Bilyer-antimony sulfld ((Pb.AgOSb.S.), that crystallizes 

Po,er i^athULng, ^1 ^vencl, and with th. for inhalii-g anfinonia as a stimulant to the voice. [< J^^^^^^ I<^"<"' vn Semsey.] 

liven motives, without alteriety or alternative, we call .ninalter- AMMONIA -f PHONE.] ail-dra'dlle, an-drtl'dait, n. Mineral A yellow to 

native power, in opposition to a power which being at once either ailllllo Illo-, am-mO'ni-O-. A Combining form deno- green and black calcium-iron Silicate (FeoCa s (SlO,) 3 ), 

&&?% we cJI alternative power, or alternatiritv. D. D. ting the presence of ammonia in combination: used in that crystallizes in the isometric system, and belongs to 
WKKDON Freedom of he HM oh. 2. p a, 1. 18. [CA. * p. .] chemistry and medicine; as, oBwiOMO-ahiminic, con- t e Brnet group; melinite. Called also common gar- 

al (er-na'tor, al ter-ne'tgr, n. Site. A dynamo giving taining ammonia and aluininum. [< AMMONIA.] net, precious or oriental garnet, and black fsarnel. 

a 'y2 flra"n f SPT A bluff- height- hill- used In south Am-moph'1-la, am-mef'i-la, n. Bot. A monotypic Compare GARNET'. [ < VAndrada, Portuguese rniner- 
weltern United Stages ' """' h " L U8e " '" 8 Uth " genus of grasses common along the shores of the Atlantic al ,|' 8t '] ,. . 

al'to,c-u"niu.|ii8,al'to-kiu-miu.lue n Afleecycloud an<1 th <= "f 1 Lakes. Its one species, A. arenaria or an 'd>ews-lte, an'drOz-ait, n. Mineral. A bluish- 
See under CLOUD, [< L (Mus higl " + rCMtn us 1 arunainacea. Is the beacu.grass. S^e BEACH-GRASS. fjee" hydrated copper.iron.manganese phosphate ((Co. 

al'to.8tra"tus,al'to.8tre-tusr Amy towSSmw -am-mopli'1-lous, a. Thriving in sand, as cer- Fe.Mn)Fe 4 (OH),(PO ( ) 3 ), that occurs in globular disks. 
cloud. See under CLOUD n [< L o5s hich ? tain grasses; living in sand, as some inslcts. t< Thomas Andrews (1818-'86), English physician.] 

STRATUS] fe ^ a-mce'bo-cj'te, n. Same as AMEBOCYTE". an'dro-mcde, n. Same as ANDROMED. 

a-lur'elte a-lfir'init n Minvmt A ,,,,,!.. tr, ra * Ain'on, n. Same as AMMON. an"dro - ined"o - tox'tii, an'dro-med'o-tex'in, n. 

variety of mica (HRfAlhTrflusro' i ^ K^ft r n tf$ a-moy', a-mer, n. [Philippines.] An odor; a smell: Taga- Cttem. A highly poisonous substance, obtained in the 
SSS^l^^^S^P^-" ^ balance. *, An .nstrument for asce, f ? "' i t l .^.H^ Cry8tals from ccrtain 9pecie8 

al ve-o-lar, a. [Additional sense.] Pronounced with talnlng the strength of an electric current by testing the at- 

. . - 

the tongue-tip pressed on the front upper alveolar oroc- traction or repulsion of two currents that run parallel. The br P d leaf ""M 18 trP' "! >" lta fo ' 8 "f a half doien or 

esses. :i lll"|ll i-bol "i-^;i'l iitll am"fl-beri-ze'8hun n Geol gore native speck's of the heath family. They are all poisonous in 

al"ve-o-lo-Ia'bl-al, al've-o-lo-le'bi-al, a. Relating Mctomorphic alteration of other material into anip'hibole! 8rtS'ffi,S?5$m5o&S! lhe """" "" ic r poiso ou ' 
or belonging to the alveolus of the teeth and the lips. am"plil-cre-at'i-iilii, anrfi-cre-at'i-nin, n. Cfiem. v. K. CHKSNUT in isulMin A'o. ss, v. S. Deft, of Agrlcul- 
[ < ALVEOLUS + LABIAL.] A leucomain or weak alkaloid obtained in small quan- (ure - farmers p. 27. [oov. pro. orr.] 

al"ve-o-lo-lln/sHal, al'vg-o-lo-lin'gwal, a. Relating tity from the muscles or from muscular tissue. Com- [< ANDROMEDA -{- Gr. toxis, poison.] 
or belonging to the alveolus of the teeth and the tongue, pare CREATIN and CREATININ. [< AMPHI- + CREATI- an"dro-pho'bt-a, an'dro-fo'bi-a, . Morbid fear of 
[< ^ALVEOLUS + LINGUAL.] NiN.] man ; dread of or aversion to the male sex. [< ANDRO- 

n -in it', a mo , n. [Philippines.] A father: Tagalog term. am"phl-det'lo, am'fl-det'ic, a. That extends beyond + -PHOBIA.] 

am'a-crine, am'a-crain, a. Without fibers or proc- and Behind the beak, as the ligament of some bivalves, a-neni'o-phlle, a-nem'o-fail, n. A plant with ane- 
esses: said of some of the nerve. cells of the eye; as, an [< AMPHI- + Gr. deb, bind.] mophilous flowers. [< GT.anemox, wind, + v/Med, love.] 

arnacrine cell. [< Or. a- priv. + makros, long.] Am"phi-ox'i, am'n-ex'i or -ai, n. Same as CIRROSTOMI. an'er-gy, an'er-ji, n. Suspension of energy; inactivity. 


i = out; oil; lu = fud, | = futare; c = k; cburch; db = the; go, sing, ipk; fo; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,from; t, obsolete; ^variant. 
t&~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda aie indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

aneuria 21O6 apple 

a-iieu'rl-a, Q-niO'ri-o, n. Pathol. Lack of nervous an"le-ro-lnl'cr-al-ly, an't-ro-lat'er-o.l-i, adv. In an"tl-ve-ne'nt-an, an'ti-ve-nl'm-an, a. Opposed tc 
force- paralysis. [< (.Jr. aneurot, nerveless, < a- priv. an anterolateral position or direction. Compare ANTE- poisons. 

+ neuron, nerve.] a-uou'rlc, a. Of, pertaining to, KOLATERAL. aii"H-veii-liie', an'ti-ven-m', n. A serum antidotal to 

or affected bv aneoria. an"te-ro-pos-tc'rl-or-ly, an'te-ro-pes-tt'ri-er-li, serpent- and insect-venom, prepared by Professor Cal- 

an-ged'. an-ged' n The mllkflsh. Called also ana. adi-. Extending from front to rear. mette of the Pasteur Institute at Lille, France. [<ANTI- 


, . -, -, . 

deformity of the shoulder. A u"lli<>-m<-<l u'sir. an'tho-me-diu'st or -du'sg, n. EREL-SCAD. 

n"Be-li'Io, an-gWl tn, n. [W Ind.l A stlnglcss honey- z ^ A division of gvmnoblastic hydroids without a-nu'he. li-nfre. . [Maori.! 
n^r^^-^pra'U-j^S'pi'a'^Abnormal post- hydrothec* or gonangia.^nd with panobLts developed. Ctorjljjy ***** of New 

r^-r^ce.]^^^: Ae M PuiNER a -"' a a p 

A plant-caterplllar, especially 
Zealand. See c.TEKrn.,,,:. 

an"Kl-o-ne'o-pla.m > -nl'o-plazm. n. Pat/tol. A .wthou",-&u'ihvsbl*. From Greek <m(Ao, flower: ^/kT'TDfl'ktt"^* B The"i ed fruit. 

new growth consisting of blood-vessels. Compare AN- sn adjectival tenntnant used In botany; as, polyanOioas, B o ^ a G ^f n ', ?&Pna w?tAonro> 
GIOMA. [< ANGIO- + NEO- + Gr. plaema, form.] many-Bowered. ap"a-pn"ne', ap-n-pa'ni-', >. [Hawaii.] A drepanldlne bird 

An-iro'la seed. The Jequlrlty-beau (Aoruifrecalorius). an-thrac'iiose, n. [Additional sense.] Sot. Any "mmatinnt fimgulnni'i of Katial. 
|< ANOORA.J one of various diseases of plants caused by certain fungi, A-pa-ya'os, o-pd-ya'oz,H. [Philippines.] A tribe of head. 

an-iill-la'rl-a, an-gw il-le'n-a or -Ig'ri-a, n. [Ans- especially by species of Glaorporium and Colie/ohie/tum. hunting natives of Luzon. 

tral.) A bulbous-rooted little plant (AngvUtana Aus- an"lhrao-no'nl8t. a-pe'ke-pe"ke, o-p^'ke-pfk-e. n. [Hawaii.] AmnsclcapM 

traits) of the lily family (LUlacese), having a white flower a n"hra-ro'blii, au-thra-rO'bin, n. Chem. A yellow- flycatcher (C*Jnpf* ','','?''" ? f Kaua 1 1 ' D* 
spotted with blue in the center. U is very abundant, the igh-whitc compound (C 14 H,,,O.X obtained by reducing a-pe"rl-od'Io, a. [Additional sense.] Physics. Same 
? an f ' 8 " alft ; d a ! 90 ""'J,L e al^arin: used as a medicine. Called also dloxyanlhot; _ as J AB-BEAT a. 

JUUUHvniwn !.'>/. tin is it cm .-~ . 

regions of Texas and eastern Mexico. \_<\*.anhelo-\ see PUOTOSCOPE.] especially ^pA/sawn'*. ornii8:eii.,ablflokaphldld Insect 

AXHELATIOS.] An-throp'ic, an-threp'ic, n. Geol. According to (fiip/iminphora cttrifolial which Infests the leaves of the 

The tops of the planU [of Anhalonlum Uifiai] are collected Dawson. that latter geological time including the later orange.tree. -vine a., any aphldld or plant-louse which 

and dried when they form button-like maxea n inch or more in pleistocene and the recent epoch, which is characterized specially affects the vine, particularly Aphis rtiis and Sipho- 

fo-m'ri-dl OT -d, . pi. EntOm. 

*^*^ 1 ^^ 

ie, without saltatorial apparatus. 
, +oura, tail.] 

The area of the anterior ex- 
nvertebrates where the cephalic 

-o-sar'i-dt or -cer'l-de, n. pi. 

--, --, . . rge elongate brachyccra!, dip- 

Microscopicallj, the dark patches are made np of large and some pertaining to anthropopsychism terous insects with the empodia not pulvillifonn, com- 

S 1 S*S^ M ^SS^!S^S^f^Vf9iAmiin^^-iettvfatmX, an-ti-al-bifi'met, n. Chem. A prising a small number of rare species found in the far 
' ttKep - l - s - Geol - Su "- e * product derived from proteids through the action of West. [< L. apis, bee, + Gr. fera, horn.] 


^sss^m- t^'gss 

alkaloids de.i B nated respective!, a. anhalonint, mecline. and tel'o-ji, n. That branch of climatology which deals the family rodiimlie, 

alkaloid 3. tildes certain reninon. substance.. Rep. oftht Smith- with the relations of climate and man. l< ANTBBOPO- I < Or. afi/ioros, barren, 

sotiian Institution, [GOT. pro. OFF.) + cLmATOLOoT ] ap'Ic-al plate. Zool. 


A 11 

-\N I 

-N I l.l.:^ -f- \Jl. ./'I'", iwllu.1 - - 

n n'i-in:i I chem'U-trF. Chem. A branch of organic tune. 
chemistry that treats of animal matter. an^tl-feD'rll 

a-nlni'i-ktte, a-nim'i-kait, n. Mineral. A white to ing the powe 

gray silver antimonid (Ag,Sb), that 'is found in fine efficacious against fever. tissue 

granular masses in the Lake Superior region. [< Ind. an"tl>Garil-caii, an'ti-gal'i can. I. a. Opposed to 

life! an"o-bl'ot-lc, a. Of or pertaining to apobi- 

rile, an't -feb'ril or -ft'bril. I. a. Possess- Jj *?((,?* (m W.), relating to any concfition 
wer to allay fever. II. n. A medicine that ' ^^ th vi tafity of the protoplasm of animal 

shlped by the heathen natives, atmospheric current which, moving over a monsoon, >uu were u llcu ,, , .. ...,^ , .,. 

an"ky-lo-lo-inl'a-Bl, an'ki-los to-mai'a-sis or travels in an opposite direction to it. jews Some of these writings are canonical, some are 
-mt'a-sis. n. Pathol. An anemic condition, as of miners an"tlng / iaii"tlni[', gn'tfng'.gn'tlng'.n. [Philippines.] An apocryphal, and others are neither. 

and other subterranean laborers, caused by Ankylostoma amulet. See quotation. 2. One of these books. a-poc"a-lj;p'tlci. a- 

duodenale, a parasitic nematoid worm found in Egypt and On the wall* of the church and on the doors of the convent poc"a-lyp'tlc, a. Having the qualities or charac- 

Italy. [< Gr. anJcylos, crooked, + stoma, mouth.] [were] found drawn, in charcoal and chalk inie i of cherubim, teristics of an apocalypse; making revelation in flgura- 

An"ni-e!'li-dre, n. pi. Same as ANIELLID X. re "drawn "yTheaaiage Chmtians Theyare'the ikn'iimiaof live and symbolic form. 

a-no'btnjjE, a-no'bing, n. A tree (ArtOCarpUS OVOta) the Samar insurrection, and on the bodies of the dead pieces of ap"o-oo-de'lll, I ap'O-CO-dt'in Or -de'in, n. Chem. An 

allied to the breadfruit, and yielding a hard, durable crumpled triangular shaped paper were found, all bearing the same ap"o-co-de'|ne, f amorphous yellowish compound 

limber. It is a native of Polynesia and the Philippine picture. and tn .ame lejrend. (fiven underthe hand of their insur- (C,aH, NO) derived from codein by treatment with 

., ~,.>, i' r. ..i,,.. .. *./!.! ;....' H"ent pnest and worn as aniino-iiHiint; or charms atramst earthly * . IS _!.__. 7" ji_j __ _. 

A-noni"a-lo-de-iiia 7 ee-a, a-nem-a-lo-deg-m6'se-a ^lae lorfc /if raid 8 i, p. i. col. e, Dec. B, idol. APO- 4- CODEIN.] 

or -mg'ce-a, n. pi. Zool. A division of biva ve mollusks an . t | n 'I-on , n. [Additional sense.] A craniometrical A-poI'de-a, a-pei'dg-Q, n. pi. Entom. A superfamily 
having an oss.culate re-ilium andimperfectly developed int See CHAHIOMBTBT . of hymenopterous insects containing the Apidm and 

nr iiliucn ri- tPtMh I ^ A N nw x i i >- -1- lir. ft.f.snnn. ft ItnlHl . I __j. _ . . : . - _ ni. _..i .- mi_ ii .._* _ J _._"-. .- - 


genus of hardy ornamental, aquatic perennial flowering 

The mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles are necessary secondary against parasites; checking the growth or spread of para- plants of the pbndweed familv (Xaiailacetf). Of about 15 

.!> iw nt efficacious against parasites. species, native of Africa, Madagascar, tropical Asia, and 
p, an'ti-fo'to-jen'ic, a. Opposed Australia, A.fmeJttralia, the lattlce-ler\f or water-yarn, and 

"a.'l'roducing'lack'oftpiw'tfte; occasioni^Vano^eiTa! to the Semites or Jews. an"t|.Sem'l-tUt:. Ap"o-nolge"to-na'ce-a;, ap'o-no-jfto-ne'sg-I or 

a-nor'lho-Klte. a-nSr'tho-salt, n. Geol. A compact a !5. p 1 ,. i!?lfii"'ii n Ji.m"i'. ^ B n -ge-to-n(/ce-8, n. pi. Bot. A family of plants consist- 

granular rock occurring in the Adirondack*, parts of ,'? i, Vi _. ing of but one genus, Aponogeton, which is usually 

northeastern Canada, and Norway. Labrador!!* is its *> ""' Pon-al,i in ti-Mi fon-al, a. Of or pertain- in *| uded in Ka iadac<aa. Compare APONOGETON*. 

chief constituent. Compare FELDSPAR. 

priv. -f- orthott, straight.] 
A n"o-l ra'ra. an'es-tre'c 

^ talk f e h mova^e C eTe^cludingJ5raMAi/dW^^ BJicvlate(^,H,..NO.Na+3NaC,lI i (),):usedlnmedicine ^ZZ^&ZKto&'^firW 

[< Gr. an- priv. +ostralton, shell.] as a hypnotic and sedative. [< ANTI- + SPASM.] cation. FLORENCE BASCOM Bulletin of the. V. 8. Geol. Surrey 

ail"oK-tra'ran a &n an"tl-*qua'nia, an'tl-scwe'ma or -scwa'ma, n. Zool. No.lM,p.67. [oov. pro. OFF.] 

ant n Additional co'mr^imd' et/- 1 m'=nr'Vhl n A small basal, lobe-like structure of the halter of a dipter. [< APO- + RHYOI.ITE.] 

m ^sJsS^^SSSSS^aSSS^^^ [^ANTl. + L.^ama.scale.] a- l poy', fl-pel', . I Philippines.! Fire: a Tagalog term 

UM Gunnltt. with a pair of radical leaves, and a solitary, aii"tt-qu a'tnlc, a. Efficacious against cutaneous ap"pen-dpc'to-my, I ap'en-dec'to-mi, ap'pend'i- 
reddlsh, gaieate flower on a short, naked scape. pave- diseases. ap"poiid"l-<?e?'(o-my, f scc'to-mi, n. Surg. The 

inrnt ant (Entnm.i a fonnlcld ant < Trtramori'im cset- aii"tl-K'!i'n-la, an'ti-teg'yn-la or -u-la, n. An anti- excision of the vermiform appendix. See VERMIFORM 
ptti.m) which of ten lives under stones and brick*. squama. [< ANTI- + L. teytila, roof-tile.] APPENDIX, under APPENDIX. [< AppENDix+Gr. eMomt, 

an"le-dor / jal,an'tg-dSr'sal, a. Situated in frontof the an"ll-tox'lc. an'ti-tox'ic. a. Counteracting a toxin; a cuttin" out 1 
dorsal reeion: said of fishes. [< ANTE- + DORSAL.] of or pertaining to antitoxin. Sec ANTITOXIN. ao'nlp " [\dditional nhrases etc 1 black apple 

an"le-me'dl-an, an-tf-ml'di-an, a. Situated in front an'tl-lrop'lc, a. [Additional sense.] Sot. Same a. [Austral.! the native or wild Blum MrJro* aiwlro**) 
of the median line. [< ANTE- -f MEDIAN'.] DEXTRORSE Called also l.riiNli apple. <-'niii : iip"pl', n. [Austral.! 

an"te--per'cn-lam, an-ts-o-pjr'klu-lmn, n. Same u an"tl-trui' an'ti-trust', a. Opposed to trusts or com- j. A trt .,. , nireiiin iv-uiai'i) of th.- iiead-tree family (Melt- 
pBEOPincfLrM. [ < ANTS- + OPIRCV Lm.] mercial combinations. See TRUST, n., 7. acex). Called also mooley apple, native nectarine, 

eofa, firm, ask; at, fare, accord; elme.nt, jr = over, eight, g = usage; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, no; net, nr, atem; full, rule; but, burn; aisle; 
f&~ Cross-references to wordg in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference la to the main vocabulary. 

apple^berry 2107 astlima=herl> 

uuiiLEiuia i!iu\ ;>eeu. me J'uil' utuflunuj iduuuua smu ouu- j uawuouuu m ui^uiniJiiaiLivsii. i i .1 LC*I, i ^ +u 

acid. ar-gtl"lo-ma S -iie'8lan, dr-jil-o-mag-nt'shian, a. P'Pf b lo , w ' e reach of the plow and, escaping through 

'" '-- erforated lus is aborbed b the roots of the trees. 

. r-go-ma S -iie8an, r-o-mag-nsan, a. , , 

ai>'i>le=Kiiin", ap'1-gurn- re. [Austral.] Bn(. A tree of the Composed of or containing clay and magnesia or mag- perforated plugs, is absorbed by the roots of the trees. 

genus EiKtiti/iiittx, which resembles the European apple. nesinrn [< A urn -I- VAOKKI> as-car'1-flde, as-car'i-saul, n. Mai. A drug that wil 

tree, hence Its name. Called also apple^scenred gum, aJi.,1.,,1,, 1 - ar Vji "inn Chem A monacid base fC kil1 ascarids. [< ASCARID + L. eseOo, kill.] 
ap'p" c =' P e"r a"f an^psS,: (Local, U. BJ The garden Hf 4 N 4 O,),'deri^d from the seeds of Lupinm foWoj As-cen'slon-t Idjj ^je iVshu -*. ^Jf**, 

rhubarb: commonly so called In Maine. whose young shoots it forms from 3 to 4 per cent., and > days ln the Christian year, exteu 

Ap"po-mat'tox tbr-uta'tion. Geol. Same as LAFAT- CucurbUa Pern. It is soluble in water, and its reaction sum day to Whitsunday. 

ETTE FORMATION'. i s alkaline. [TProb. < Gr. argon, white.] ar'gl-ninei. "elia-Hte ', as'ca-rait ',n. Mineral A .white hy- 

ap-proa<-li"*shot', n. Golf. The stroke of a player ar-go'iilii, flr-go'nin, n. Chem. An alkaline compound drated magnesium boratc (8Mg.,B,O 6 .2II,O), that is found 

whose ball is near enough to a hole to enable him to o f silver and casein, made bv adding a solution of a so- ln white massive lumps. [< Ascnersltwn, Oermany, 

drive it to the putting-green. 

dium compound of caeein to a solution of silver nitrate, 

of, or inability to secrete, saliva. [< Gr. ap/yatos, with- 
out spittle, < a- priv. -+- ptyalon, spittle.] 

Latin names, especially in zoological and botanical classi- 

ii l>"ty-ii'liMH, ji |p"l v-a-IN'iiiiis. Same as . 

a"que-o-gla'clal, 6'cwg-o-gle'shial or a"cwg-o-glo'- trees), bigillana (a genus of tree lycopods). LL.; see or sentence ascribing pi ___- __ 

si-al, a. Geol. Produced by, modified by, or due to the -ARY.] spoken by a preacher at the close of the sermon. 

. _ _=, *..... r-m..,.--,... i . * n "m- a-el'lln, a-Sel'in, . Chem. A poisonous alkaloid 

1 which occurs in cod-liver oil derived from deca\ ed liver. 


taining to, or belonging to the Aquifoliacex. 

a-ra'da, a-rS'da, re. [Sp.] Land that has been tilled. 

a-ral 7 , a-rar, vt. [Philippines.! To impart instruction; 
teach; also, to acquire knowledge; learn: a Tagalog term. 

A r"a-ma'ize<l, ar'a-mC'cdzd, pa. Pervaded with the Ar- 
amaic spirit. 

[ < Gr. orutov. best, 4- -OL.] 

those of the genus Fraxinvs, the true ash; as in those 

a-ran'ffa, a -ran go, n 

Bat. A hard wood found In the Ar"ls-to-lo'clil-a"les, ar'is-to-lo'ki e'nz or -g'les, n. 

given below with their distinguishing names. black 

ui LUC ^iiguiiitmu otiruiL. ocu i.iuir ui juiii;iii;aii BIUI;JLB /^ j, , jT if. j i - * ^ i-* .^u^,...* ....*.* -.* i Y>- > 

under AMERICAN ar'ite, Grait, n. Mineral. A variety of niccohte black niountain:aNli t a valuable timber-tree (.Evca- 

ar"bo-re'ta, Or'bS-rt'ta or -rS'ta. re. [L.l Plural of AR- (Ni(As.Sb), in which part of the nickel is replaced with lyptu* Leucuxijlon), the iron-bark tree of Victoria. blue 

BORETUM. antimony. It crystallizes in the hexagonal system, ash, a tree (Elseotlendron Australe) of the staff.tree 

ar-bu'tns 9 , n. [Additional phrase.] native arbutus fPerh < Gr Arts Mars 1 family (Celastracesi), valuable for turning and cabinet. 

[Austral.], same as CHI;CKT.CHT;CKY. ar"nia-nieu-ta'rl-um n \ RI A vl 1 Med Thcmed- "ork.-blaeberry ash, a tree(Haoc holopetalun 

a Ctom" l su]fateTNa i krS(ft"fhl trvs^mleffn''^ idne8 ' "'Strmi^tS' .mcl appliances usV bya physician. &l r ^fAA SfrSl^he^ad'.fr'ee rtmil? 

sodium sulfate ((Na.K).,SO 4 ), that crystallizes m the nrmes par"lantcs', arm pflr-lonf. LF.] Her. Same as (Meliacesfi growing in New South Wales and Queensland, 

orthorhombic system. [< L. arcanum, secret (al- CANTING ARMS; see under CANTING, pit., and compare with a very hard wood. Called also beech, flimloea, 

enemy).] KEBcs,.2. and rap;po<l. field ash, the European mountain-ash. 

Rr'che-o-stome, or'ke-o-stOm, re. Same as AECHEOSTOMA. arm stick. In tailoring, same as CROTCH STICK*. gee under MOUNTAIN. Moreton Bay ash, a very large 

Ar"ohe-o-zo'lc flr'ke-o-zO'ic a Geol Belonging to ar'mygerv'ice corps. In the British military service, an tree (Eucalt/ntuK ttmelaria) of central and North Australia 

the iSt o" three subdivisions of Archer rlmi wC?tS SS& < 5S^HS B feL&^, ofTro rlat ' the rd " m S, V ce , n8 '" Qd ' ! " old l ng P ^l 1 ^ ^',^ 11 *', alltl du ; 

nance stores and the transortation ot troos. '" 

[lie laBL Ol Lllree SUOUl VISIONS 01 Arcneall Illlle, Wllell me nanna otrtVua an^ rh*> ffonaniM-taHiin nf tfttuna ,T, *l"~* -"", J "*" ~3*<4," r ijl* el , 

Inmpoi fnrmanf lif nrnhoMir oviot,l Ti.wi r,nl n AH nancestores, and the transportation of troops, fable timber. moil u'lainmsli", [Additional sense.] 

lowest torms or life probably existed. UANA (real. _p. 441. Ar'nald-ist, n. Same as ARNOLDIST*. Any one of various eucalypts, as Eucalyptus Sieberiana; 

[i. B. 4 co. 95.1 [< Gr archaios, ancient, + zdl, life.] ar-naut', dr-naut', n. 1. A native of Albania. 2. An Al- also, a tree (AlpMtonia ncelsa) of the Wkthorn family 

ar"cllt-cer'e-brum, Qr'kl-ser'g-brnm, re. Zool. Gan- banian soldier In the Turkish army. 3. A member of a (B/iamnaceie) the red ash New Zealand ash, the tl- 

glia of certain invertebrates, situated above the esopha- corps of Greek militia organized during the war of Russia toki. 

gus. [< ARCHI- + CEREBRUM.] against the Porte In 1 ( 69. FABROW'S Ml!. Encyc. ar- a-slic'rali, fl-she'rfl, n. Bit. [-ROTH or -RIM, pl.\ A 

Ar"chl-clila-inyd'e-e,ar-ki.cla-mid'i-tor-e-e,n.^. "I?, 1 !?,*; ni . n ip n ., A nmnll Intinnoul pdihle flah wooden post or pole planted near the altars of various 

Bot. A subdivision of Dicotyledones, made by some hot- Tj",'. ,LL!..?' gods. It was often of considerable size and could fur- 

architlion, dim of arc/ie. beginning.] 'r^ri^a n'^vh^ m* '.al'^Ti.! '" " " ' Rt- A group of ascomycetbus fungi wTth the asci ar- 

ar"chi-Ken'e-sis, ar'ki-jenl-sls, re. Kol. Same as ABIO- "rl-o'mitp fl r'n'moit Vinern/' A dull -vrflnwiah ranged in the pcrithecium at different levels. It embraces 

GENESIS. a hvrtrntj.fl n'lnm alilfoto tl\ I Mit' |-T> ^ uw A\ ti,.,t genera of widely different habit, as Elaphomvcta, the stag. 

Ar"chl-my-ce'tes, ar'ki-mai-st'ttz w -mt-cg'tes, K. f^ated aluminum sulfate (Al,Mg,(8p)|.54H,O), that truffl wn1ch ,J 8uhtcrran can, and PeniHllium, which in- 

^. JSo<. A subclass of the P/iycomycetes, made by some ' 8 found , ln fibrous masses. [< Aroma, Chile.] eludes the common bread-mold (P. ^awcwm). 

mar*, ^.v* OK) naDui; ji,-wivAO3 Inland waters, as rivers, lakes, etc. as-sld^er-a'tlon, as-sid'gr-e'shun, n. Med. Law. 

K flrc'tna '^</m Ttran Mnir pnH TTran Minnr- ar'ter-Ill, flr'tgr-in, n. C%m. A compound that forms The act of immersing a human being in ice-cold water 
a collective name : sometimes anolied to these ' the coloring-matter of the blood. Compare HEMOGLOBIN to cause death: a form of infanticide. [< L. ad, to, -t- 

tions when treated as one group 1 . [< Gr. arktos, bear.] wlo ="~ r^ .. ! .^^. i. r,,, m r, i 

; ARTERY.] sideroi', palsy, numb.J 

n. A butterfly (Basilarchia as-signed 7 serv'ant. In 

arfdols sys'tem, Or^deis. JVaw A system fornight- ar-tlirec'to-my, ar-threc'to-mi, n. [-MIES, pi.] Surg. as-sign'inent sys'tem. A system of allotting convicts to 
signaling at sea in which a series of electric lamps, hung The removal of a limb; also, the opening of a joint to settlers as farm hands or servants without pay. 
from a masthead-stay and showing alternate red and white cut away or to scrape diseased parts. [< ARTHR- + Gr. The assignment system was then in operation and uch as ob- 

llghtS, are operated from deck by the pressure Of a key. ektome, a Cutting.] tained free grants of land were allowed . . . convicts to briny 

ar"doo', flr'du', re. [Austral.] Bot. Same as NARDOO. ar'tlirl-ttsm, Or'thri-tizm, n. Patliol. 1. A condi- it into cultivation. T. UcComniv Australian Sketches p. llf 

a're-a, n. [Additional phrase.] dark area (Elect tion which tends toward disease of the joints. 2. Gout. as-sim'i-la"ted, a. (Additional sense.] Com. 1. Entered 

same as DARK SPACE, under SPACE, n. ar'thro-branch, ur'thro-brank, re. Same as AHTHRO- into general circulation launched upon the market: said of 

n-re'pa, a-rC'pQ, n. [Turk.] Barley. BRANCIIIA. stocks or bonds. 2^ Passed out of the experimental or 

' " 

T - ~ ^ 1 T purposeof protectlngAmericanlnstltutionsbyexcludingKo- 

+AMIN.J as"a-phl'a, at'a-fai'a or -ft'a, n. Paltwl. Indistinct manCathollesfrompubllcotnce: 

ar'gent-au''rum, ar'jent-8'rnm, n. A supposed ele- articulation. as-ta'sl-a, as-te'si-a or -ta'si-a, n. Med. Want of equi- 

ment, alleged by Dr. Emmons to be the basis of gold and A-saph'ic, a-saf'ic, a. Of or belonging to Asaph, a librium; restlessness; also, muscular tremor. [< Gr. 
silver: chemical symbol, Ar. [< L. argenlum, silver, Levite chief singer and musician of David (1 Chmn. xvi, astasia, < a- priv. -\- /listemi, stand.] 
-f aurtim, gold.] 7) O r to his sons (1 Chron. xxiv). as-tat'ki, as-tat'kl, n. [Rus.] Petroleum fuel oil. 

ar-gen"to-pyr'He, ar-jen'to-pir'alt, n. Mineral. A as'a-prol, as'a-prol or -prel, re. Chem. A pale-reddish As"ter-a'ce-ie, as'ter-e'se-f or -g'ce-e, Bot. The 
metallic bronze-yellow pyrite (AgPe s S,), containing sil- crystalline compound (CaC, H 14 S,O, + 3H,O), obtained Composite. ag"ter-a'ceou, a. Bot. Pertaining 
ver and crystallizing in the orthorhombic system. [< L. by treating beta-naphthol alpha-nionosulfonic acid with to or resembling the genus Aster, or the order Asteracem. 
argenlum, silver, + PYRITE.] calcium carbonate: used in medicine as an antiseptic and a t li'mat *li<-rl>". re. A spurgewort (Evp/iorbia pilnli- 

an = out; ell; Ifi=fed, jg = futMre; c = k; churcb; db = tfie; go, sing, inik; so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,from; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
&f Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 





Diagram showing cell in proc- 
ess of division : .-Is., a*tro- 
c h romoaomes ; 

fera) reputed in Australia to be a remedy for asthma, 
and called also Queensland asthma^herb. 

As'tral, a. [Additional sense.] Geot. Pertaining to the 
earliest of three subdivisions of Archean time, that of 
tlu- fluid globe surrounded by a heavy vaporous envelope. 
DANA deal. p. 440. [i. B. A co. '95.] 

\!-"iro-my'r-loii, as'tro-mai'g-len or -mt'e-lon, n. 
Bot. A genus of fossils representing parts of the roots of 
certain species of Catamites. [< ASTRO- -f Gr. 

as'tro-Mphere, as'tro-sfir, n. Biol. 1. That part of 
the aster which does not in- 
clude the rays; the attraction 
sphere. 2. The aster, com- 
prising the archoplasm and 
the cytoplasmic rays, but ex- 
cluding the centrosbme. [< 

A*TRO- -f- SPHERE.] 

a-iii'la. a-ta'fa, M. The frig- 
ate-bird (Friyttta aquiltt): so .1 
called In Samoa. As. 

a-ta'jo, a-tfl'BO, n. ISp.i 1. 
A string of mules. -Z. A cross* 
path shortening a road. 3. 
[Sp. Am. or Obs.] An enclo- 
sure or place fenced In to herd 

afa-lan'ta. afa-lan'ta, n. 

A butterfly, whose larva feeds 

chiefly on nettle or hops, the sphere; 

red admiral (Vanesm atalan- Ret -< "*= 

fa). [< Gr. Atalanta, daughter of a Bo?otian king.] 

At"a-mos'co, At"a-moB'ko,at"a-mes'co, n. [Am. 

al-e'sthar, at-^'gflr, n. A javelin. 

at ha-kiiu', at hG-klm'. [Turk.] Literally, horse-doctor; 
veterinary surgeon. 

ath"er-o-ma'sl-a, ath'er-o-me'Bi-a or -ma'si-a, n. 
Pathol. A morbid state characterized by atheroma- 
tous degeneration of the arteries. [< Gr. atherdma; see 


n-tiii'L'H. a-tm'gg. n. A diodont fish (Chilomycterus atin- 
ffti} of the West Indies and the Florida Keys. 

at'ka mark'er-ei, ut'kg. An important hexagrammold 
fish (Ptewofframtruu monopteri/fflw) of Alaskan waters. 

at'las-fte, at'lus-ait, n. Mineral. A cupric carbonate 
containing chlorin: probably a mixture of atacamite and 
azurite. [< ATLAS', 4.] 

atlo-, at'10-. From ATLAS', 5: a combining form 
used to denote connection with the atlas of the vertebral 
column. Compare ATLANTO-. 

atloldo-, at'lei-do-. From ATLOID: a combining form 
used to denote relation to or connection with the atlas 
of the vertebral column. 

af -m i'ii-t r> . at-ml'a-tri, n. Pathol. The treatment of 
disease by natural or medicated vapors. [< Gr. atmis, 
vapor, +*iafreia, healing.] 

at"mld-arbii-mose, afmid-al'biu-mos, v. Chem. 
A substance resembling albumose, derived fromaproteid 
through the action or water heated to a temperature 
above boiling-point. [ < Gr. atmix, vapor, -f- ALBUMOSE.] 

at"ml-dom'e-try, al'mi-dem'g-tri, n. The science of 
measuring the aqueous vapor in the atmosphere by de- 
termining the rate of evaporation from a wet surface. 
Compare HYUROMKTHY. [< Gr. atmis, vapor, -f- met- 
ron, measure.] 

a trio-, fi'tri-o- w at'ri-o-. From atrium (we ATRIUM, 2): 
combining form in anatomy, denoting relation to or con- 
nection with an atrium; as, at rio ventricular valves. 

a"trl-o-pore', e'tri-o-p<5r' or at'ri-O-poT', ?). Theexha- 
lant opening of the pel i branchial chamber in the Verte- 
bra fa, Cepnaiochorda, and Urocfiorda. [< ATRIO- 4- 
PUKE, n.] 
a"lri-o-por'al, a. 

at-tack', n. [Additional senses.] 1. Chefs. A move, 
or combination of moves, by which a player secures a 
position of superior strength, or threatens to take a piece 
belonging to his opponent. 2. Jn fencing, same as 
APPEL. coun'lefiat-lack", n. An attempt to offset 
one attack by another attack: opposed to defense. 

at-tac'o-llte, at-tac'o-kiit, n. Mineral. A red hydra- 
ted aluminum phosphate that is found massive with other 
metallic oxids. [< Gr. attakos, locust, + -UTE.] 

At'wood'sina-chiiie', at'wudz. Phy*tc*. A mechanism 
used to illustrate the laws of falling bodies, devised by 
George Atwood (1746-1807), an English mathematician. It 
consists of weights at the two ends of a cord passing over 
a simple pulley. The weight effective in causing motion Is 
the difference of the two, while the mass acted upon is that 
of their sum. The acceleration is thus slight, so that the 
motion may be studied at leisure, and may be varied as de- 

a'u-a. S'u-fl, n. |. Themllknah. 2. [Maori.] A mugilold 
food-flub (Aponottomu* forsterl), common along the coast 
of New Zealand and Tasmania. Called also =11111 1 Id . 

au"dl-en'tlal, O'di-en'shal, a. Of or pertaining to an 

An appreciative audience U a great stimulation to a singer. . . . 
There most be audiVnftaJ response, or the actor's portrayal is 
dead. M \KCKI.LA SEMBBICH art. on Musical Method in Imii 
pendent Oct. 5, 'W. 

au fond, o fn. [F.] At bottom; In the main; fundamen- 

RU'KP-, ou'gg, n. [AC'OEN, pi. 1 [G.] Petrol. A roundish 
phenocryst occurring In crystalline rock, as augen-gneisa, 
supposed to resemble the eye. 

au-gel'lte, 3-jel'ait, n. Mineral. A red hvdrated 
aluminum phosphate (A1-(OH) 3 PO 4 ), that crystallizes in 
the monoclmic system. [< (Jr. aug2, luster.] 

au srra"lin'j 5grfl*tan'. [F.J Served brown, as with a 
crust: said in cookery of food that adheres to the pan and 
has to be removed by scraping after It fa taken from the 
oven, or that has been covered with bread-erums, grated 
cheese, etc. 

a"u-ku', u'u-kfi', n. A heron, especially Ardea sacra. In 
the Hawaiian Islands. 

Auld Lirlu, 6Id lint. Eccl. I/ixt, One of the supporters 
of the old. or conservative, party of the Scottish church in 
the latter half of the eighteenth century. Compare BUIUJHEK, 

2. \lllll l.ll: 111 . 

a ill-lay', 61-le', n. Hind. Myth. The largest beast of 
India: corresponding to the roc among birds. Called 
also aullay home. SOUTHEY Carzeof Kehama s.16, 1.84. 

n ti'ri-rlr. n. [Additional sense.] Echiii. Same as AURIC- 
ULA, 3. 

au-rl-"u-la're, 5 rfc'yu-le're or -u-lg'rc, n. A cranio- 

metrical point. See CRANIOMETRY. [< L. auricula; see au"to-mo'tor, 6'to-mO'tgr, n. A self-propelled ma- 
AruiCLE.] chine, as an automobile. [< AUTO- + MOTOR.] 

Au-ric"u-la'rl-a, ;<. [Additional sense.] A penus an'Co-plalo, e'to-nic't, n. A machine for forming 
of fungi belonging to the. i uric atari ace X: formerly /fir- curved stereotype plates automatically from a prepared 
neola. See JEWS'-KAK. matrix or tlong. [< AUTO- + PLATE.] 

Au-rI<-"u-la-rl-aVe-ir,S-ric-yTi-le-ri-e'ee-t or au-ric'- au"to-tox'If , 6'to-tex'ic, a. Self -poisoning. [< 

ing to the south central region, as of the American con- ogy t h;it treats of embryology and reproduction. [< Gr. 

tinent. aux5-, grow, -f- -LOGY.] 

Aus"tro>oe"cl-den'tal. Ss'tro-ec "si-den 'tal, a. Of a . va /ntc, a-vfl'kiit, n. Mineral. An impure variety 

or pertaining to the southwcsteni region, as of the Amer- O f miiscovite containing chromium oxid. [<Mt. Avala, 

ican continent; as, the Austro-occidental plateau at near Belgrade.] 

Guadalaxare. a-vas'Ite, a-vas'ait, n. Mineral. A black hyri rated 

Aus"lro*o"ri-eii'tal,5s"tro-p"ri-en'tal, a. Of or per- iron silicate that is found massive: probably only sili- 

taining to the southeastern region, as of the American cious limonite. [< Avasthal, Hungary.] 

continent. av'el, av'el. r(. [Local, Eng.] To rid of avels or awns (as 

Aus"tro-ri-a'rl-aii, ftVtro-rai-pe'ri-an. a. Of or grain ).-av'el-y, a. Having ayels; applied to grain 

pertaining to the southern river districts, as of the United wMch retains part of the awn after It has been dressed fur 

. a-ven'a-Hn, a-ven'a-lin, n. Chem. A crystalline 
au"thi-$ren'lc,a. [Additional sense.] Geol. & Petrol. vegetalj ] e g | O bnlin obtained from the kernel of oats and 

Formed in a rock subsequently to its original consohda- re ^ mb i inK t . XC elgin. [< L. arena, oatsj 

tion, as mica m mica-schist. a-vc'no-lltli, a-vl'no-lith, it. Med. The indigestible 

au-thitf'e-noua, e-thij'e-nus, a. Same as AUTHIGENIC*. ]j t hoid residue of oats or oat-meal; an oat-stone. [< L. 
au'thorM, S'thgrz, n. pi. A game played by two to arfna ^ oats, + Gr. lithog, etone.] 

twelve persoue, with a pack of 72 specially prepared a 'vi-a"tor, n. [Additional, sense.] One who operates an 

cards, divided into books, each book consisting of four air-ship. 

cards devoted to a single author, each of the four cards a^vl-ci'dal, e"vi-sai'dal, a. Relating to bird-killing. 

bearing either the author's name or the title of one of [< L. avis, bird, -|- csedo* kill.] 

three of his most noted works. The object of the player a-vul'sl ve, a-vul'eiv, a. Tending to start suddenly or 

Is to complete a book by calling for a card from his oppo- violently. [< AVULSION.] 

nent'shand. The player who completes most" books" wins n -wa'i-a f a-wQ'ra, n. [Hurt.] A carangold fish, a 

the game. trevally. 

a. u 'to 1 -', n. [Colloq.] An automobile. a"tva-rn'lte, a'wa-ru'ait, n. Mineral. A native alloy 

auto-, combining form. [Additional terms, etc.] Au"- of iron and nickel (Fe a Ni 4 ), found in New Zealand, and 

to-ba-Mid"i-o-iiiy-ce / teB, S'to-ba-sldM-o-mal-st'tiz or believed to be derived from a partially serpentined ptri- 

au-to-ba-sld'i-o-ml-ke'teX . pi. Bot. The higher /ta*idio- dotite. [< Awarua Bay, New Zealand.] 

. . 

Diet. au^to-ite-net'ic, 6'to-je-net'ic, a. [Additional ax."i-lem'nia, ax'i-lem'a, n. Anat. A protective 
sense.] Phya. Geog. Of, pertaining to, regulated by, or sheath enveloping the axis-cylinder of a nerve-fiber. 
Indicating a self-establlshed system of drainage. auto- Compare MEDULLARY SHEATH, under MEDULLARY. [< 
genetic drainage (Pity*. Geoff.), drainage due to ero- Li ff ^. s . _i_ Or. lemma, peel.] 

sion caused by the waters of the .-onstHm-nt streams.- ax/is of co |"H-iim'tioii. Optics. Line of colllmatlon. 
topography (Pay 8, Geoff.) t confornia- c etJ U i H i er COLLIMATION 


oTrockJ"^ H'ke'itrnctim- " -n'-f-Io" SLnh/S2 *l* tPr" ax'ode, a^'Od, n. The locus of the instantaneous axis 

6-to-gro,f'em-e-ter, n. Surv. A devil"- on wheels to mei- of a bod y moving in a plane. [W.] [< Gr. azBti, axis, 

ure and record the conformation of the ground over which + hodos^ way.] 

it travels. au"tn-liyp'iio-tiHiii, fi'to-hlp'no-tiziu, n. a'vii, a yu, n. Same BH_SWXET-FIBH*. al 

Self-hypnotism as by conccntratlnR the mind on some a"> a^dnn'te, fl yQ dun tO, n. ISp. Am. 

thought or thlng.-nu"ro-iii-lcc'iion, fi'to-in-fec'shun, ranch; an assistant. 

n. Infection due to a condition within the body of the a"zn-dpn', u thfi-don , n. [Philippines.] A hatchet. 

person infected.-nu"to-in-lox"i-ca'tiii, . Same as az"i-o'la, az i-0 la, n. [It.] A horned owl. 


J A helper on a 

AUTOTOXICATION*. n u"t o-ki-nc'niH, e'to-ki-nl'sis, n. 
Self-movement; spontaneous action. nutokiiietic sys- 
tem, a system of telegraphic communication. Compare 


, S'to-pt'1-aj'ic, a. Of or belonging to, or found adapted for amalgamation with quicksi 

Sad \- "-In ! from that moment I 
Loved tbee and thy sad rry. 

SUELLEY The Aziola, st. 2. 
[Additional sense.] A quality of silver ore 
- ' ' iflver. 

near, the surface of the sea: applied strictly to the fauna or a"zo-hi'niin, "zo-lit'min, n. 'C'/iem. A reddish-brown 
flora. ati"to-sit'ic, 5'to-sit'ic, a. Of or pertaining to amorohou 
an autosite. Compare AUTOSITE. nu^Jo-wprny', S*to- 
sprC*', n. A small tubular glass with a narrow neck, having 
at each end ft perforated metallic tube through which a 

at each end ft perforated metallic tube through which a A/;O- -t- 1.1 1 MI ;* ; j 

spray is ejected by shaking the glass. nn"lo-sui;-tfrw'- a-zo'le'-', fl-tho te, n [Sp.] A whin; ulso 
lion, 6'to-sug-jee'ebun. n. I\ithol. Suggestion, panic- a^zo-le'n, u'tho-te'fl, n. [Sp.] The fla 
ularly hypnotic suggestion, emanating from self only. also, a platform. 
au-tot'o-my, 8-tet'o-ml, n. Self-t-lwivagi'; In biologv, az'urc, n. [Additional phrase.l- 
spontaneous cell-dlvislon; also, the protective shedding 6f American lycajuld butterfly ( Cyanir 



compound (C 7 H 7 NO 4 ), which is the principal 
coloring matter of litmus, and is used as an indicator. [ < 

AZO- -f- LITMUS.] 

[Sp.] A whip; also, the lash of a whip. 
- it roof of a house; 

Hprinff azure, an 

^'ia p&eudart/ioiu*). 
-a, ft*to-tx-i'nii-a. H. 

The poisoning of self from noxious secretions of one's own 

body; autotoxlcatlon. Ru' / to-traiiH-foriii / 'r, S'to- 

trans-ffirm'er, n. Elec. An automatic compensator used 

with alternating-current motors, in which the motor Is fed 

from different points In an impedance coll placed across 

the supply-circuits. bnn'ken, hfl'ken, n. [S.Afr. U.] A boundary -mark. 

au'to-rar, S'to-cflr, n. An automobile vehicle, espe- baal, bul. tnlr. & inter}. [Austral.] No; not: an expression 

cially for street travel. Compare AUTOMOBILE*. [< AU- of negation or disapproval among aborigines. 

TO- -f CAR', n.] ba-bn'e, bu-bu'e, n. [Philippines.] A woman: a Tagalog 

au"to-ola'tlo, S'to-clas'tic. a. Pffrol. Having a hl J*'|J"' v / hfl hwl' IPhlllonines 1 A nlc 

texture of broken crystalline grains, sometimes so bll / b y 4;,| ( |/ er , be'hl-hold'tr, . In photography, an adjuet- 

rounded as to simulate BedimenUry structure, pro.Uiced a bi e seat for holding and posing Infants before the camera. 

in crystalline rocks by external crushing force. Compare bacli'e-lor, n. [.Additional sense. J [Alas.] An old bull 

CATACLASTIC, 2*. [< AUTO- -f- Gr. kiao, break.] fur-seal. _ 

au"to-ep'I-Krapli t e'to-ep'i-grgf, n. An inscription /''^iV-l'V- t'l' " t/'''^^'//"'''!'^ t-^'^'M^ \" S " evera B e 

written by oneself for one's monument or tombstone hn/ohnv M'af M^VWH TV / i rnnhi i T\nrh 

when placed on the monument. [ < AUTO- + Gr. b *ii u *? ity n Uf"cTilmud: P '- J *' 

epigraph?, <epi, upon, + graplid, write.] backMriocka", bac'-blecs', n. pi. [Austral. 1 1. Lands 

aii'io-iiriiph-i*iii, 3'to-grgf-izm, n. Same as DEBMO- In the remote and sparsely settled interior, ii. Lands dis- 


au"lo-gra-vurc',8 - to.gra.viOr',n. A process of photo- 
ot^hin iu<^1 in VvurlMwl f^ ti-T(. W /iivifi.r^ . aeu, 

V.gramirti "" 

au'to-mat , e'to-mnt', n. A photograpmc lens-shut- 
ter that is o|>ened by pneumatic bulb-pressure, remain 
iiiK npvn as long as the pressure is applied. 

tant or shut off from a water-front, as of a river or creek. 
bark'blcM-k'V/. Of or from the Interior. back'block"- 
er, n. An Inhabitant of the remote interior. 
bii*'k / :Hlanic^iiiir, tmc'-slang'lng, n. \ Austral.] The seek- 
ing of accommodations by travelers at the houses of set- 
tlers In the back-blocks. 

bark'^lopc", n. Geol. The lees sloping aide of a ridge : 
contrasted with the escarpment or steeper slope. Called 
au"to-mat'ic, a. [Additional phrase.] automatic also Htmctural plnln. 

re'l, a reel fitted toa fishing-rod worked by the automatic bnck'\vort", bac'wOrt", n. Same as COMFREY. 
action of n spring. bn-co'co. bu-cO'cO, n. 1 Philippines.] A fish, the sea-bream: 

au"to-mo'blle. I, a. -mr/Ml. [Additional sense.] , native imiiM'._ 

Self-propelling; self-moving: applieil (specially to motor bn ' < ' -' 1 ' ^- cn : h - J> - [Philippines.] Any small fresh- 
vehicles, such as camag.-s and cvclca of types usu- b n7'ial''Vnnc ! far,^ "Philippines.] A chant sung nightly 
ally or formerly propelled by horses or men. II. n. for three nights before a wetUlng-day, 
-mo-bil'. An autocar or horseless carriage. [< AUTO- 4- ba<-te"ri-o'**l, Imc-ttMwe'lri-r/sis, n. [-SES, /.] 
L. mobilis; com]are MOBILE.] See illus. on next page. Any one of various plant-diseases caused by bacteria: as, 
au"t o-iiio-bll'lMt , S'to-mo-bfl'ist, n. One who owns, hyacinth baeterlow, Bacterium Hyacinthi; pink hoc- 
rides in, or drives an automobile. tiriotiU of \\bcnt, Micrococws Tritici. [< BACTERIA.] 

sofa, ar.n, ask; at, fare, accord; elemfiut, fir = over, eight, e = usage; tin, machine, j = renew; obey, no; not, ner, ut$m; full, rule; but, burn; <ii .- , 
|^" Croes-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


bar'te-rold, bac'tg-reid, n. Biol. Any organism 

21O9 foarrette 

, n. An explosive containing nitro- the hair at the end of the tail of each animal is cut squarely 

liu"tliiu<r. buMiV, n. IK.] One who wastes his time ex- 
pressing astonishment or in idle admiration of whatever he 
sees. ba"daude' (fern.). 

bad"de-ley'ite, bad'e-le'ait. n. Mineral. A colorless 
to brown and sometimes black zirconium oxitl ,XrO a t, 
that crystallizes in the monocliuic system. [< Joseph 

bacl'd'ock, bad'c, n. [Prov. Eng.] The coalflsh. 

badff'er 1 * n. [Additional senses.] 1. [Colloq, U. S.] A 
soldier who wears short side- whiskers. 2. [Austral.] (1) 
The bandicoot. r'i The rock-wallaby. (3) The wombat. 
badK'erbox", - [Slang, Austral.] A rude dwelling. 

bal-lom':lore'sail", bal-luii'-for'sel". n. 
foresail used bv yachts in fair weather. 
NMlii V'lli-. bfll'-thi 

A litrht ban-kc't /2 ban-ket', n. [S. Afr.] A rounded, water-worn, 
auriferous conglomerate. 

bap'ti-sin, n. Chem. A brown powder 

b. Kiime [Colloq., U. S.], the decoying of persons, as to 
houses of ill-repute, for purposes of blackmail and robbery. 

bafl'. l>uf, . [Prov. Eng.) Having no worth; valueless. 

liafPinkswpnon". buf m^-sprm", n. &<>{f. A baffy. 

liatTy* baf'I, n. [BAF'FIKS, pi. \ [Scot.) Golf. A wooden 
club used In lofting. 

ba-Kiii'o, ba-gi'o, n. [Philippines.] A tornado: a Tagalog 

ba-haff', bfl-hOg', n. [Philippines.] A loin-cloth or wrap- 
per worn around the waist: a Tagalog term. 

ba-huw'der, n. Same as BAHADUR. 

bii-hay'. ba-huT, n. [Philippines.] A dwelling-house: 
native name. Called also baliamliii. 

ba-bi'a, bo-fa, n. [So.] A bay: in many names of places. 

h:i J'llur. bai'ddr, n. A canoe propelled by six or more pad- 
dles, used In the Aleutian and Kurile Islands. [< Uus. bat- 

Bat'e-ra, bai'e-ra, n. Paleont. A genus of fossil conifers 
of the family Taxaceae t belonging to the Jurassic j>erlod. 
[< Gr. baio#, small.] 

bail* '*<'*'. & inter). Same as BAAL*. 

ball'iup", v. 1. (. 1. To Jasten (as a cow) by means of a 

Automobile Propelled by Steam. 


V.A1ER 61*1 J III 

Steam -Automobile (Sectional View). 

bail for milking. "2. [Colloq., Austral.] To hold up, as 
travelers, for the purpose of robbery: said of bushrangers 
or highwaymen. II. i. To stop; stand. 

ba-iiiff', ba-tng', n. [Philippines.] Same as PET ATE. 

ba-jn/ra. by-Hu'ra, n. A mechanical device used in irriga- 
tion. See quotation. 

The engine in use for raising water is in every case . . . the 
so-called onjara or bayard, a modern machine . . . driven by 
horse or mule. Its principal parts are a whim-beam or capstan, 
with horizontal wheel attached moving a vertical wheel connected 
by shaft with a third wheel which carries at its circumference a 
chain of pendant buckets. 

U. S. Senate Rep. of Com. on Irrigation vol. iv, pt. ii, pp. 
294-233. [GOV. pro. OFF.] 
[Sp., < tmjftr, lower, < L. bftssus, low.] ba-ya'rat. 

b.i j-:i r'i-a;i r. baj-ar'I-gQr, n. Same as BUDGERIGAR. 

h opposite, oblong entire, " ~ t j -,, wo?.d cohered with i ^ods 
stalked leaves, and terminal clusters of unisexual flowers. ba"ran-Kiiy', bu"rou-gI', . I Philippines.] A section of 
B. Ittcidtt, known also as (.'oilisemn lucidum, of Norfolk Is- a village, usually a group of from 40 to 50 families, parti- 
land and Australia, is one of a species of trees called blood- tinned for purposes of taxation: native word, 
wood. Its sap has been used as indelible paint for marking ba^ra'^an', btVriVzfin', ?*. I Afr. | A raised seat, as at an 
bags, blankets, and other articles. official interview or public conference. 

>al"sain-i-Iia'<*eOUS, beTsam-i-ne'shi-US, a. Sot. Of He [the kinp] has about fifteen huts within his courtyard, and a 

Or pertaining to the balsam family (Balttaminaceai). plentiful store of dirt. HH receives on a bartizan. T. H. I'ARKE 

ml'Hainspear", bSl'sam-pSr", n. A fruit of Momortlica Experiences in Equatorial Africa ch. xxv, p. 465. |c. s. s. '91. ] 
Cliariuttia. of thegourd faintly (Cucurbitacese). It Is orange* bar-bo'i-ro, bur-be 1 'i-ro, n. Ich. Same as BARBERO*. 

foar'*foell", bOr'-bel", n. A heavy steel bar with an 
iron ball at each end: a lone dumb-bell of varying 
weights for performing feats 01 strength. 

bar'ber, n. [Additional sense.] [Can.] A severe storm 
accompanied by cutting hail, sleet, mid frozen sea-spray, 
occurring in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. 

bar'foe-ro, bflr'be_-ro, n, A surgeon-fish ; barbeiro. 

bav'bone, bur'bon, n. An epizootic dlsense originating 
with the buffalo and liable to affect by contagion all domes- 
tic animals excepting the dog. 

bar-bn'do, bor-bu'do, n. [Sp.] A flsh of the family Poly- 
i>if fillip. h;i i -luiMo . 

Bar-flay 'an, bur-ele'on, n. Same as BKREAN, 2. 

itiar'eoo, bclr'cfl, v. A river in the Cooper Creek 
Delta, northeast of Lake Eyre, South Australia. Bar- 
coo jrras8, see table under GRASS*. B. rot [Austral.) 
( J'ttlhol.), an eruptive disease, causing the skin to peel and 
the flesh to fall away: common In the dry, hot Interior re- 
gions of the Australian continent. H . vomit [Austral.], 
a painless nausea after partaking of food, followed by 
acute hunger: prevalent among the Inhabitants of the ele- 
vated interior regions of the Australian continent. 

bar"es-tlie"sl-o-inet'rle, bar'es-thrsi-o-met'ric, a. 

Electric Automobile (Sectional View). 

1. Batteries 

2. Fender* 

3. Dash 

4. Lamp 

>. Lamp-prop 

6. Step 

7. Step-bracket 

8. Reaches 

9. Steering hand-lever 

10. Steeri nu post 

11. " bracket 

12. lever 

13. " connections 
H. Wheel pivot-arm 

15. Tire 

16. Rim 

17. Spokes 

18. Hub 

1. Hub-cap 

20. Motor-brake foot-lever 

21. " " pawl 45. 

22. " " bracket 46. 

23. " ' ratchet 47. 

24. " " spring 48. 

25. Motor-brake foot-lever spring 49. 

bracket 50. Driving-gear 

26. Motor-brake connecting-rod 51. Motor-move 

27. Motor-brake connecting-rod 52. " suspension link 

clamp 53. Felly 

28. Emergency- brake hand-lever 

29. Emergency- brake hand-lever Of or pertaining to the baresthesiometer. [< Gr. baros. 


30. Emergency-brake hand-lever 


31. Emergency - brake connect- 


32. Emergency "brake band-lever 

33. chimp-bolt 
Si. Emergeneybrake clamp-bolt 


35. Emergency-brake upper band 

36. lower band 

37. Rear spring 

3$. " iron 

39. " seat 

40. Front spring 

41. " iron 

42. Controller hand-lever 

weight, 4- aistfiMi*, perception, + metron, measure.] 
bar"es-tlie' / si-o-niel'rirj. 


" bracket 
" spring 

Automobile Propelled by Gasoline. 

1. Starting- crank 

2. Circulating-coil 

3. Acetylene-headlight 

4. Horn 
B. Hood 

6. Oil-light. 

7. Throttle 

8. Steering-wheel 

9. Starting-lever 
10. Speed-lever 

11. Detachable seats 

12. " tonueau body 

13. Electric button 

14. Uear sprocket 

15. Chain 

16. Grease-cup 

17. Drake-rod 

18. EintTgi-iicy-brake 

19. Foot-brake 

20. Fender or mud-guard 

Electric Automobile. 

colored, oblong, and from 1 to 6 Inches In length, and Is 
covered with wartlike protuberances. 
bain-boo', n. ' ' "" : ' 

bar'gaii, bur'gan, 7*. [Austral.] A crescent-shaped boom- 
erang. See BOOMERANG, bll T'l'll-KH llj. 

bar'ife-al '"* Distant booming sounds heard off 
certain coasts in foggy weather and generally believed to 
be due to peculiar atmospheric conditions. [Perh. < 
JJariscU, city in India.] 

bark 3 ,/;. [Additional phrase.] Honduras bark, the 
cascara amarga bark. See table under HAKK, n. 

bark'er 2 , n. [Additional sense,] A machine used in 
paper- or pulp-mills to strip the bark from the logs. 

bar"ko-vtk'Is bGr'ke-vlk'ait, n. Mineral. A vari- 
ety of amphibole resembling arfvedsonite or hornblende. 
[< Biirkecik, Norway.] 

bark'maii. n. A workman in a pulp-mill, who operates 
or barking-machin 

covered with wartiik'e protuberances. h iiiitz'vali See under MITXV\II* 

tam-boo', ;/. [Additional phrase.] male bamboo, a KSfn*dauQc5, *' 1 . A variety of schbttlBcbe 

tall bamboo (DetulrwilutnttxHtrirtiiH) of India, especially partners alternately dance around and advanc 

Bengal, where it reaches a height of 100 feet and often 
constitutes a whole forest. See BAMBOO, n., and DENDRO- 


tan 5 , bun, n. IBA'NI, pi.} A Rumanian coin. See COIN. 
i;i-n:i 'on di-h". bii-na'nu-flsh", n. The boneflsh (Albula 

In which the 

je side by side, 

si. A dancing-party in a barn, 

inni^Knr'loiu burn'-g;il"un, n. |Kng.] In dairying, a 
measure for milk equal to two imperial gallons. 

T* shopman 

bai'aikce'lug", ~n. Naut. A lug-snil with a long M^'yXt^w-'n*-'**-\iFtxrn ""' 
boom, sometimes overreaching both stem and stern. bn-im'iiiuwinc", n.' A IICVITHKC made by linmcraing 

ba^liiii-jcay', fta'laa-gat'. n. I Philippines. | 1. A light sliced bananas in water and allowing the mixture to t'er- 
txt uaed by natives. 2. [Tagalog.] A district. ment. Compare POMBJE. 

If al"a-lipll'<i-ra, bal"a-nef o-ra, n. Bot. A cenus Bnii'bur-y brifle. ('nolcfry. A rich cake made with 
of leafless parasitic plants, the type of its family ( llala/m- flour, butter, eggs, yeast, sugar, currants, mace, nutmegs, 
pluirwex), growing on the roots of oaks, maples, and and cinnamon, and flavored with musk and ambergris dis- 
other treef: in the tropics. The frnit is a nut Containing Bolv(;d '" S cwater. It Is set to rise, and is baked In layers, 
an allmmlnous seed. Several Himalayan species cause bnii'cn, . |Sp.] Same as HANKA. bnii'co.. 
large knots on the roots of oaks and maples, which are utll- bail'ill-<*oot, rt. [Additional phnise.] pi:!ooted 
Ized l>y the natives for the manufacture of wooden cups, bandironl I Austral. 1, a bandicoot ( C/ifi'mpitNi'ttHt'tHotii): 
Some species, as B. elongata, yield an abundance of wax so called from a formation and arrangement of the toes 
used in .lava for making candles. making its foot very similar to that of a pig. It frequents 

[ < (Jr. balanos. acorn, 4- n//erd. bear.l sandy inland places. 

ba"la-m'o, Wlii-rfi'o, n. [Philli ' 
ger having a wide blade: used by tl 

ba-la'te, bu-lti'te, . A dried and 

relish among the ( lilnese. ""ffal~"flTe" timher'of the hastard mahogany (Eucalyptus 

bar'bal'. burbcil'. //. (Philipplnes.l A mythical creature bntritni'l?*) of southeastern Australia: the native name, 
supposed to fly Into the bouses and devour the dead. bailK'a-lnw", bang'tj-lcV. . [Austral. 1 A lofty feather. 

bu'lc, lia'le. ailr. & inter}. Same as BAAL*. palm IP/i/t-'ioxpermn flrnnini of the tropical coast-regions 

b!l"linir-biii8:'. Ixrlinir-bing', n. [Philippines. 1 An uniden- of Australia, often cultivated for ornament, 
tided juicy acrid green fruit of elliptical form: a Tagalog bailar:tnil // :iiiiiH't<'r,'ter, n. [ Austral. 1 The 
term. driving nf all cattle on a station Into the stock-yards, where 

?7'5. bear.] sandy inland pla-es. 

'hillpplnes.l A pointed dag- foaiiir. n. [Additional sense."] A sardine (Clupanoflon 

by the natives of Vlsaya. piteijflohispanicuK) of the Caribbean Sea. 

and smoked sea-cucumber, a baii-ira-lay'. han-gg-10' or [Austral.] bang'are". n. [Aus- 

bn.-1'OllK'. lM-rt.iig r . . H'lllllpptnes. I A cutlass or cleaver, 
like weapon used by natives. Compare BOLD, 2". 

bar"i>-la.v'ln, bar'o-tax'is, ti. Pliyriol. Stimulation 
due to change of iireesure. [< Gr. bans, weight, -f 
ta.m, order.] 

bar"-llior'iiio-!trapli, bar'o-ther'mo-grar, n. An 
instrument for recording pressure and temperature simul- 
taneously. [< Ur. bams, weight, + thermos, heat, + 
f/ra/t/tO. write.] 

bar-rab'kic, Irar-rah'kl, n. [Alas.] An Eskimo hovel 
built of sods with dirt roof. 

bar'rark, '('. [Additional sense.] [Local, Eng. & 
Austral.] To encourage one party, or oppose the oilier, 
with boisterous cheering, as at a game; root. Compare 
ROOT', r. bar'raok-rr, a. 
lo barrack for, t" support noisily; clamor for. 

bni^'ra-roo'ta. bar'u-cfi'tu, n. [\V. Ind.] left. Same as 


bar-ranVo. bar-ran'co, n. [Sp.] Same as BARRANCA. 
bar"relte', hflr'ret', . 1. Fencing. The guard of a 

foil. 2. A small bar for keeping tidy the hair on the 

back of a woman's head. [< BAR', n.] 

an = oi/t: ell; lu=fed, jfl = futwre: c = k; church: dh = (he; go. sing, ink: so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttue. <, from; t, obsolete; I, variant. 
fW Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

barrio 21 1O benching 

bar'ri-o, htir'ri-o, n. [Sp.l A district or ward into which form. bath"v-bie, a. Biol. Relating to or existing in be'di-ka. b'di-ka, n. [Heb.] The examination of the 

a large town or city Is divided; by extension, an outlying the deep sea bnth"y-cln-i><"i-dic i.uth'1-clu-pl i-di nr lungs of an animal slain for food Uncertain whether it be 

village or district. -pO'l-de, . pi. \ family of deep-sea lerycnldean tlshes. will: kosllcr or treta. See KOSHKI:. . 

ha r'<> \i-lu-, bflr'sO-Qit, n. Mineral. A massive white veutradifonn bodies, eyeloid scales, spineless postniedian br-dlni', be-ilim', ft. [BK-DIXXKD'; BE-IMM'JIISO.] To 

calcium-aluminum silicate (CaAl a (SH> 4 ) 3 ). that crystal- dorsal, and pneumatic duet to air. bladder. lSntli"y-clu- camie to grow dim ; render obscure. [< BE- -4- DIM.] 


ground-mass, as distinguished fromthe nneiy crystallized only Ve'presentatfvc 'is the anomalous gemnBATIB! nijTt'le.- eVei ; Kreeii beech.' a "true" l'>eac - t;'i />'/.. 

portion to which the term ground-mass is now sometimes BATI*** ] Ba"ti-<le'w* Cunntnffkamtt) and the only one in Australia: caned 

restricted. Ba'tlii, 'ba'tis, . Hot. A* monotypic genus of the order rataSSSta&XoStan'S^SleS'llL !", y ,!'v!!U^nVi" dl ,', r ;, y , i^" 

Thu ground-mass may and usually does include some glassy BatidaceS, consisting of a shrubby succulent plant (B. D-I CMMeoma >rrrntifnliin>( the- 'snxllra-i' family neirro* 

A" 'nlRKra Petroloau for Students za ed D 145 [c p >7 1 "laritima i, with opposite leaves and small, green, uni- bend b., same as EvxseBcm BZSCR*. Qneenrtaod 
_ ,,. ed.,p.ns. c. p. -W.J KliU&l flmv ,. rj< immersed in a fleshy spike. Ill its habit b.. a tall tree ( r;>,,rlin<i /.,!, iMf.llin of the vervain lam- 

Ba-Kel'la, ba-sel'a, n. Bot. A genus of annual, bl- a nd flowering it resembles a glasswort, Ttmt in its ovaries It lly, yielding n valuable timber. 

ennial, or perennial climbing or trailing herbs of the la entirely d&terent. It grows In the salt marshes of the bee'=keep"er, bi'-kfp-er, . One who keeps bees for 
basellad family (Bnsellaceiel Of about half a dozen coasts In the West Indies, Is used In making pickles, and is their honey 

species, natives mostly of the Kast Indies, several, as B.alba burned for its soda. heek'ite btk'nit n Afinfrnl A crvntncrvetillinp 

and 11. rubra, annuals of India, and B. Jnpom:;, and B. [< Gr. Hati*. a bramblebnsh.] variety of Quart" rt4mbiii "' chalcedmn t n n, A b v tl" 

tuberone. perennials of Japan and South America respect- hnt'kpi n lObsorProvl Same as BTI ER vanity 01 quartz, rti u o\ me 

Ively, are used as pot-herbs. [L. tawlla. a small base.) battVbt! [ Eng ] A stone platform or ahron on which ^placement of limestone, as coral or ehelU, with silica. 
Ba"ael-la'ee-a3, be - sel-le'8-t or ba'sel-la'ce-6, n. pi. seines are drawn up. . l< , Dr ; Betk, .Dean of Bristol, Eng.] 

Bot. An order of annual or perennial "tropical and mostly Bat'taks, bafacs, n. [Philippines.] A tribe living In the bee'.plant", . [Additional sense] Specifically, a 
climbing herbs of the basellad family, usually included northern mountain region of Palawan. spiderflower (Cleonif tntegnfolia) of the western 1'i.ited 

in the goosefoot family ( Cneno/mliaceee), but separated Bal'ten-berg lac-e, bat'en-berg les. A fine variety States, and cultivated for bees, but which hcs escaped 
from it by some botanists on account of its two adnate of lace made from linen thread and characterized by_ con- from cultivation in the Eastern Mates. Culled also- 
bracts beneath the calvx It embraces half a dozen genera necting bars worked with button-hole stitch and picoto, Rocky Mountain bee-plant. 

and about 16 species ba"Hel-la'ceous, a ba-eel'- sometimes, also, cords, rings, buttons, etc. beente, hist, n. [S.-Afr. D.] Cattle; especially horned 

lad.n.&n. [L. baiella, a small base.] bat'tlcsduoit", n. Same as CHAKKA, 2. war'soiioit";. . cattle. Compare FK. 

bit-si', ba-sf, . [Philippines.] A wine made by the natives batz, bfltz, n, A billon coin of Switzerland first Issued In the beet, n. [Additional sense.] Same as BEATS, ,,. 

of northern Luzon fifteenth century, and worth 4 kreutzers, or about 3 cents, bce'tle, n. [Additional phrases, etc.j oak ambrosia 

bn'nic lng, be sic slag. The slag produced In steel-making l< G. bauen, < bi'az, bear (the arms of Bern).] beetle, any one of various scolytid beetles which bur- 

in the Thomas furnace. In which a basic calcareous or bau-e'ra, bau-e'ra, n. The Tasmanian native rose, row Into oaks (as well as other trees) and live therein In 
magneslan lining Is used In the convener, and lime, either Sec NATIVE ROSE*. colonies, as species of Xuleborm and ilunarthrum. 

alone or with oxld of Iron, Is added to the charge of metal. R nl1 // m x< M / H ~ a i~ iwmft.,' /'/..;,. Ftthpr nf thp ornnifeileat b,, a small otiorhynehid beetle (Artipufr 
Phosnboruslsretalnedandcarrledawaylnlt.henccltlsused >"., *f ',, ?, X,i ., A ^i no R,! ,, n, - / 1 ~oI Jlortttaniu) which lives on the leaves of the orange; 

as a fertilizer. WA omct j' c 8C!< dt *igned by Antoine Baume (1728- the leaf.notcher.-pnlm' ! bee"lle, . The palm. weevil. 

Ba-Nld"I-o-ll-clie'nes, ba-sid-i-o-lai-ki'nlz or -If- 1H04) for determining the specific gravity of (1) acids; -peacli=lenf b., the nlum-leaf beetle.- pear ambro- 
ke'nes n nl Rnt A lyroun of lichen* emhracinir those (2) spirits. See HYDROMETER, 1. si a b., a scolytid beetle (Xylebornx ilbpar} which bores. 

"' [Ice.] A gravestone; monu- Into the wood and girdles th5 branches of the pear as well 

as other trees. pear*lenl* b,, a scaraba'ld beetle (Serica 

iame as BEAVER S : a term of old tricolor) which eats the leaves of pear-trees. pine ani- 

neueu derivation. brosia b., any scol\tld beetle Infesting pine-trees, espe- 

t'Jr-HPvl Com|Mre ASCOLI - bay 3 , n. [Additional compounds.] bay'. R nll">,. Bot. clally species of Xyloteru*.- pi ne=bnrk b., any scolytid 

i-i'sl'n'ed n"~ Tvid'iilSnal ii e 1 Formwl into a hnsin Same as RED BAT. Sec under BAY!, n.-bay.laurel, n. beetle Injurious to the bark of pine-trees; especially 'Jomt- 
>a olllea.a. [AUUI ormeu into a oasm s am e as CUERRY-I.AI-REL (2) eu pint pluni:leaf b,, a chrybomelld beetle (Xotlonota 

by depression of the surface of the ground. bn'ya, n. I Additional sense.] A serranold nsh (ifi/ctero- '"'<(*) which feeds on leaves of the plum-tree. poplnr 

Beneath the floor again . . . i a clay sheet . . . ba- pfrcajorrtaiii) common on the Paeltlc'coast of Mexfco ambrosia b., a scolytid beetle (Xytotfrux retttsus) 

sinfd also. w. D. JOHNSON Tveiito-flrst Annual Rep. U. S. bu-yn'DRN, bfl-yu'bas, n. I Philippines. ] A tree, the guava; which bores galleries In the poplar or aspen-wood. pop- 
Geol. Survey p. 714. [GOV. pro. OFF. 1901.) also, its fruit: a Tagalog term. Inrileaf b,, a chrysomelld beetle (Linn xcripta) whose- 

' " " ", bS'sin-ing, n. Geol. A settlement of the bay"a-dere'. n. [Additional sense.] )F.) Indressgoods, Imago as well as grub defoliates the poplar and other 

trees. raspberrysbud b., a dermestid beetle (y- 

... * ~^...~. ^. ,.,...,,,,,.,.,..,,......,.,.......,,.......,,... 

v e.prrspne u s beetle (Rhwartn perilix) whose grubs bore Into the straw- 

ctual batlnint of the sround.water is effected bj the clar i, f i, f Til, Inh'n "errv-vlne.- su|far=cane b., I West.Indlan scaraba-Id 

. w. D. JOHNSON Ticentv-flnt Annual Rep. V. S. Oeol. 'Hi ), found in minute concretions. L< Dr. John beetle (Xtovnw reolCMw) wWai bore* Into ttie rogiane 

Surrei/p.7U. [oov. rrn. OFF. 1901.] Jiayldon.l - tnpcHtry b., a dermestid beetle (Attngenun pk-etn> 

bax'ket'fence". bgs'kct. fens', n. [Austral.! A fence bn-yo'ne, Im-yo nc, n. [Philippines.] A grass bag made by whose grubs Injure tapestry and other fabrics. nil Ion > 

made of stakes driven Into the ground, interwoven with ^ the natives. lenf b., any beetle whose grubs feed on willow-leaves, 

pliant twigs. bench clnck'en. [Local, U. S.] The turnstone: 80 called especially Llna tcripla of the United States. 

bas'kelsworm", n. [Additional phrase.] orange bns- . ln ^>orth Cjarollna. bes'ssar-weed", beg'ar-wld', n. 1 . Any one of va- 

ket.worm. the caterpillar of a moth (Pint.,,-fiu;i tito- <''; ./; 1 r ?,5- Cr fi;.,SSnS, .^.'.Vi-". AB- rious species of Desmodium used as forage-plants in the 

ren> which makes a basket-like case on the orange-tree. bend'eil linir. bame as MOMLITHKIX*. iTnitod ntntpa- nu n ,,,;.,,,/,. l&H ,iln T 

,, rr t i tii i t bi'iil'' n SameasBELMt uinteu males, as, it. iHlitiOtuti'tin. ttiiieu also it .BH 

Ba'Vo-nom'e-lan, be so-nem'e-lan, n. Mineral. A jj| 4 ' [ Austral ] Water In which honey.bcaring bios- beKgarweed; D. Canaclense, Canada b.; D. tortuomm, 

variety of hematite containing titanium oxld. [< Gr. sSms have 1 been Infused: a sweet drink Flbrida b.; D. acuminatmn, leafv b.; V. wltijlm-um 

brunt, base, 4- anomalox, unequal.] beam, n. [Additional sense.] ilech. In a steam-engine and D. pauciflvrum, naked flow'ered and fe=no- 

ba'uo-plill, be'so-fll, . Plnjnal. A cell or tissue-ele- or motor, same as WALKING-BEAM. ered b. respectively. 2. The bird's knot-grass. 3. The 

bas-qui'Sa, bgs-kt'nyaT n. [Sp.l Same as BASQVINK. table'caseln, or legumln.^made from the Juice of legumi- coHrse:'said of" the encroachm'e'nt of a stronger stream 

BaK-ai'a, bas-si'a, n. Bot. A genus of tropical trees nous seeds by precipitation with acids or rennet, r. ,v. upon a weaker one. 

ofthestar-applefamily(.S'flofaee>,w-ithalternate,entire, Tnntury Decixloiu vol. y, no. 3. p. 3, 19(>2. I.cic h- be'jnnl, be'jeant, bt'Jant, n. [Scot.] Same as BEJAN. 

smooth coriaceous leaves, and axillary solitary or aggre- ? t n - r ?,'j?T*R pfS CaHed I also"' VnniPh'h'ov iTen",fnn!i be'ker, be'kcr, n. [S..Afr. D.] A Jug. 

gate flowers. They yield various useful products, and Q a< , ei Ian<l Tbeam bcl>. bel, . [Hind.] Same as BENGAL QUISC*. under 

ILLUPI; XAHWA; SHEA. [< Kcrdinando ftiwfn, It! phVsi :be ""*: b n ! 5vJ n i { n ^'' I) l J r HS bt'lgr, n. [Austral.] A large tree (Catuartna 

clan and botanist ] a. A thrashing- S I'] "Vve Idm fe<i, ['< I <V ?""'> vi * distributed through Australia, yielding a 

bas-.lne', bas-sin', In the making of watch-cases a |r,od.]-he (/lie" does not know bennLlsiang he hard and durable wood. Called also benl. beela. belah, 

perfectly oval edge where the cap or lid from either side isheilsan Ignoramus: from the supposition that one not and billn, and by the colonists biilUonk. 

closes without apparent jointure: used also adjectivally, knowing an article so common as beans would not know be-lee:', he-leg 1 , n. [S.-Afr. D.] A siege. be-le'srer, bj- 

[< Gr. bamta, a drinking-cup.] anything. le'ger, r(. I S.-Afr. D.] To besiege. 

baw'tard, a. [Additional phrases.] bastard Brazil> bear'cr^coni'pa-ny, bar'sr-cum'pa-ni, n. Mil. In bel'sfruit", bel'-fruf, n. Bot. The Bengal quince. See 

nut (Hot. I, an unidentified non-edible nut of the border of the British army, an organization consisting of three . under O.I-IXCK. 

Brazll_whlch has a hard shell and resembles the Brazil-nut, medical officers and fifty-eight non-commissioned offi- bell ', n. [Additional sense.] Geol. A mass of rock 

b * F,'rf?"n Held d^sesTrort^ufsiwmf'bMMons con' beaVaraV^'dani, bgr'-trap- dam. Engin. An ad- bcll'=bot"loined, bel'-befnmd, a. Having bottoms 
nected'by curtains, so built that the principal part of each" justahle dam used to level the water of a river to improve ' l * U J ?<"? of trousers. 

salient Is situated on a line that bisects the angle of a poly- its navigation: so called from its resemblance to a form Del'llte, bel'ait, n. An explosive, bee under HIGH EX- 
gon, and with flanks so arranged as to secure an enfilading of bear-trap. PLOSIVE (5). [< Bdl, name of inventor.] 

.""e- beat 1 , n. [Additional senses.] 1. Snort. The act of bell'top", bcl'-tep', n. JTant. The top of a quarter- 

batt'llle, bgs'tau, n. Mineral. Same as SCHILLER-SPAR, ranging over a tract of land, as a preserve, in pursuit of gallery when the upper stool is hollowed away. [M.] 

bell"iop'|..-r. bel-tsp'er, n. [Slang.] A high silk hat. 

jects opaque to visible radiation and in their photo- beit'ed 

sofa, firm, ask; at, fare, accord: element, er = ovr, eight, | = usage; tin, machine, 1 = renew; obey, n6; net, n*r, atm; full, rule; but, burn; aisle;. 
f3T Crogs-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference Is to the main vocabulary. 


2111 block 

bc> r n;a. r j^n.-.-. U.P.] The red salmon Ing of ^ft.^.^;;;,: -;, - 7!!;rinu\!lfr?S b !^-^ J^^ra^^L^^^,^^. il u!!^^ 
b ntto^r^ral, Amarr,ed man: an aboriginal gtt&Jf&tfmtfflM?"^' Ic^SS" ^In*! ll' b^H/ One 


beiik"l>enk n IProv Eng. or Scot,] Sumeas BINK. bid'yiin rulTe, bM'yan ruf. i Austral. | AP^^JJ who practises birding. 

^r : m^^^^ 

S^syBEgasa.*! TSS^ISSSar <kW f^^ssrjsf 

organs of the two.- be ii "ot-ti- t t IN, o. b|fl . _ , lf , L sian B , U.S.I To strike a blow. I i.l,'<.i>N=(-l"<l<T. . The gootweed. 

ben-tliou', ben-then', n Plant and animal of b V-,,<-x', bui-tlex' . Bent in opposite directions; alter- |,i"i-iic'ir nr'iil. bui'si-lMc. Same as MET, SILICIC ACID. 

ocean depths: distinguished from plankton. t< Gr - , lnt( .|y C ' <)llvcx and concave [< B i- + L./ec/o, bend.] blN"iiiu-to-Mmalt'lle, biz'imu-to.sniSlt'ait, n. Mm- 

benthos, depths of the sea.] bi-imi'. bi-cus', . [1'lillippines.J Uncooked rice: a Taga- .;. A variety of skiitterudite in which the arsenic Is 

beu-thon'ic, ben-then'lc, n. Same as BENTHAL log term replaced by bismuth (CO(As.Bi) 3 ). It crystallize m the 

beii-tl.o"pel-ag'l-, ben-tho-pel-aj'ic, a. Inhabiting bJK J// qlli8 /, blg'kls' n. [Philippines.] A belt of cloth l8 i, u . t ,. lc B " v ti. |< BISMVTH -f SMALTITE] 

the depths of the ocean. [< BENTHOS + PELAGIC.] worn around the waist: a Tagnlug term. bl'ocplow", bai'poc.plau", n. A gang-plow with two 

Beii"llio-saur'I-dic, bcn-tho-ser'i-di or -saur'i-d6, n. BIs"c-lo'vl-a, big-g-lo'vi-Q, n. Uot. A genus almost bo(Ueg * a t wo-fiirrow plow. [< , double, + soci K i-, n., 

pi A small family of deep-sea flshcs allied to the entirely of low shrubs of the aster family ( Compomtae), , ^ -, 

SunodmMiise, having well-developed supramaxillaries, tne rayless goldenrods, with scattered, oblanceolate, or -IT ' , i^auional phrase.] Bengal bison [Ii:d.], 

pectorals inserted near the shoulders, and very long i inear leaves, and corymbs of discoid, three- to ee\ en- the y ' 

ventrals. Ben"tllo-saur / U8, n. (t. g.) [< Gr. nowe red heads of yellow, perfect flowers. Its blHaeS R. [F.I Same as BISKI, 2. 

benthos (see BENTHOS') + muros, lizard.] species all belong to western North America except tin; ,j, n _,, (> | . 1Ar .| same ns BESAHOI .*. 

hen'tho-Banr'rd a &n. perennial herb 11 nwlnta or virgatn, of the eastern tinted bi ,i/, iri-tr, . |K. Ind.l Hot. \ he l.lackwood, or Ksst. 

.w.t v-n'7i (Ih. (7iem A. crystalline com- States. The genus, without this eastern species. Is known ,, rusl .-ood ( Dalbiraia latifolia), of the Coromandel 
ill, pf uni,y/. latm. ^wj^ww ^ .^ O i 0/l uu r-fci.7//i/h//*n.Mj( and Malabar coasts. 

(Rhamnaceae), with alternate leaves and clusters of small bi ,/i nll '. lro / all bi'ian-go'fln, n. [Philippines.] A jail: na- " ,| cal ' commentary prepared under the direction of Moses 
greenish-white flowers. Of 10 species, natives of trop- ",|".V,m,. Mendelssohn.- bi'ur-ist, n. A commentator, 

leal Asia and Africa, B. rolubilts or scandem Is the supple- bl |/| n bil'g, n. Same as BZLAK*. Bl- val'vl-a, bai-val'vi-a,; Zoo/. 1 . The Lamelll- 

Jack of the southern United States. See SUPPLE-JACK. hll'la-boiiu, bll'a-beng.n. lAustral.] A pool near a river, hrancfiiata 2. The Lnmel/ifji-anc/iiata and Braiichl- 
be"re-o'vlte, bfr so'vait, n. Mineral. A deep-red O r a backwater; also, an anabranch, sometimes one that is collectively. [ < BI- + L. talra, leaf of a door.) 

crystalline lead chromate and carbonate (Pb,(Pb,O), lost In the sand. bi''wa', M'wfl'.M. ^ [Jap.] A musical instrument resembling 

(C y o ? )(cr0.) a ) from the Ura.s, 1<*~***SS. '^^^S^^S^^^ti^^^^'^^ v ,., A brilHant btacl 

dditional sense.] [F. Can.] A variety 01 bl-mas'ty, bai-mas'ti, n. Anat. Tneconuiuoii o, .mj- --..- ^ j-- A fl - 8h uV ,,, 7;,,m ,(/) of New Zealand, 
boiedsleleh: used for passengers or goods. j,, K two breasts. [< Bl- + Gr. maxtos, Dreast.J Dl- _. . c ;. oa ker. ". The red roncador. See KOKCAUOR. 

ber'llll-lte, bsr'lin-ait, n. Mineral. A vitreous rose- mas /tlsint. -b.=driim, . A sctenold flsh. Compare DRUMI, ...- 

personalcharacti'risllcsauaniciisim'nifntsfBometlines.alsp, D | m i B . a binding clause In an agre 

photoKranhs) used as a means for identification, especially bimr'bing". Wnif'bing', . A pygmy quail (Rrcatfactnrm 

as applied to criminals. _ ,, stntnsiii) of Asia and the Philippines: so called at Guam, 


________ , 

b.ialt"bDh, ti. A Queensland shrub (Atnptex rema- 
riu} b.junout, n. SameasuLADDEinvor.T. 

be'vaii, ursuu, n. n. ^.UU^IKIU i u v</<...v. ~~ / ni-iii> ii.ii. u. L jiuu, t .... OV...O-.J ^v. .- o AiiBtrnlia )ous plants of the lilv famnv (LUtamr), 

of the East Indies and Polynesian islands. nodes, as a stem. < BI- + L. nodus, knot.] AUS_ ^ an n "'- . mdM ,, m . variouslv colored funnel- 

li<-l>rliit', /</<. Same as BESPRENT. bl-no"men-cla'turc, bai-no-men-cle'chnr or-tirjr,n. ith 1 n t. r k lu s m ^' f ^'"'i,!;' 1 |s " ;/ .,,;,, n.;-I Z e, bes'e.mer-aiz, r. [-IZED; -I-HKO.] To Binomial nomenclature [< BI- + NOMENCLATIIRE.] shaped a 7}/ 8 ^,, ^ .^^ith-ated in giienhoises 

subject to the Bessemer process, as iron. See BESSEMER, bl'o-grapli, . [Additional sense.] A kiiictogniph: SjaknoiraiiaoirS!oiillrteB. 
Bc'y=ccr'ka, bes'i-sgr'ka, n. A balistoid flsh (tfa- one of numerous trade names in common use. L< BIO-+ i,i an i t> . [Additional sense.] Presenting o solid aspect 

IMes vetula) found in the tropical parts of the Atlantic. -GRAPH.] or form, in place of an open one; us, a blank door or 

be-Vu'-o, be-zQ'go, n. jSt Same as BRAIZE', n., 1. bl-om'c-try, n. [Additional sense.] Biology from a window a w,,, (yt key. 

bo-zii'-'o* statistical point of view.] bl-o-mct'rlc-al, .- bi as "to-"eii'Ie, blas'to-jen'ic, a. i'io/. Of or pertam- 

belch"er"ry-'ifah', bcch'sr-i-g"'. [Austral.] Same as bl-o-iiict'ri<-al-ly, adi\ Ing to blastogenesls. [< BLA8TO- + -OEK.] 


<tl river, uuiuugu itfiiuii; wi mt LiiLFuw.n-0 w u.v^, . r (;crjon or COlintrV. [< l>r. OWR, llie.J UI-OI wmtu ...ivo.o ...^ ^.... . 

dry season. (Veommi* [Additional sense'.] Of or pertaining to a biota. mni>l (Virort/rl'.') parasitlc'on'ttieT.ark of pine-trees. 

b V;"a J ^^ a the b famnV a iX-Zte, ta ttVeltT^ bi'-par-a-M,'!,., bai'par-a-sit'ic . Existing as a para- bli^bird;; mul.berd- jr^g^^wg. 

f?om Florida to Colon and Brazil; the red-tail snapper, site on another parasite. [< Bl- + PARASITIC.] ?SSl 

bi"bin-ca',', n. [Philippines.] A cake or pie bl"plalie', bai'plen', a. Adjustable in two different '"^"-.^ ^nf^-^ig', n . [s..Afr. n.l A small house of 

of baked flour and coconut or rice. planes, as a miter-box. [< Bl- -f- PLANE.] galvanized Iron erected on a gold-lleld or in a diamond 

blb'll-o-clasm, uib'li-o-clazm, n. The mutilation or bl-quad'raiit-al, bai-cwed'rtmt-al, a. In tngonom- compound 

destroying of books, or (specifically) of the Bible. e try, having two sides quadrants: said of a spherical tri- Bli-koor', bli-kur',n. [Colloq., S.-Afr. D.] A Transvaalcr: 

[ < BIBI.IO- + Gr. Mad, break.] blb'11-o-clast, n. angle. [< Bl- + (JITAURANT.] nickname. . 

One who mutilates or destroys books. bl-ra'dl-al, bai-re'di al, a. Siol. With radii set bilat- b "t* > ^"'S^W^^^ ll 5SoiiJl-, 

Bi"cu-cul'la, bnrklu-cul'a or bfcn-cul'a. n. Hot. Rame ,. r ally, as in certain sea-anemones. [< Bl- + L. radius, \ }'{?> ( 1 l 1 1 1 l J' 1 ! t 'Tr ( ',(iiir Inflamnmtio'ii and uleeratl"ii when In 
as DICENTBA [ < Bl- + L. amMtU, hood or covering.] rnd(u8 .]_ bl-ra'dl-al-ly , adv. contact with the skin, and blindness when entering the eyes. 

." i' )i i ,,"-rtflr'tn i TAlaal A two.hatch skin- bl"ra'tlon-al, bai'rash'un-al, a. Math. Expressing called also poison.tree. See MILKY MAXGROVE' 

ii"iln r'Uil . Dul QQT KQ. /' AI88. J\ \ w)nait n (-KIII* __, __ . m . ..! *,!,.*, ,...t ;.,,,.. i >. i t n^ nf* tli^i . _ .^ _ . r t ,1.1 ::.,! ^,, Q i i . i . .1 \ rtn!,l Kul 

= of ell- lu = ted. Jit = future; c = k; chnrcU; dh = the; go, ^S, i^k: o; thin; zh = azure; F. bort, dttne. <, from; ^obsolete; t, variant. 
Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

block 21 12 box 

mcnt of claims to do the b., to promenade the fashion- the water by Its sponglness, and becoming much thicker Inn, and Australia, cultivated In greenhouses. unlive 
ahle thoroughfares than an bammed bog b. i Austral.), the Ceylon borage, otien used to curt Miakc- 

block co"cf-fl'ciem. In shlp<hulldlng, the ratio of the bodiment of a perfect player, against whom the players ,,.,. ,. ot |u. r written document containing detailed Infur- 
volumc of water displaced to that of a rectangular Mock contest instead of playing against each other. 2. [V. **] matlon concerning documents that accompany It. [Dim. 
having the same length, breadth, and depthas the immersed A standard, as In golf- the number of strokes in which of r. lm,;l. < I), lumnl, edge.] 

*eiy re .o pamarsinie. L*- *" " ^K"'"I [, 01 \vauTOverwnicnineseanreaKsasine ses. an( j other trees _ pe. _ 

Lund, Sweden.] bo-ix', bo-is', n. LPhlllppines.] A tax on personal property: geirerltd moth (.dfori pvrO which bore* beneath the bark 

of the pcar.tree.-potiitosb., n. Any grub which bores 

The Australian swamp- j nto potatoes, as the potato-weevil. qiiercitromb., 
n. A lamcllicorn beetle (Graphivtiruft J'UKflattu) whose 
D.] The region or Cape 


grubs bore into the bark of quereitron.oaks. reihb., 
n. The caterpillar of a cossid moth (Zrnzcr't co/fca 1 ) which 
tunnels Into the stems of coffee, and other i hints.- se- 

i!iioi:i-h.. n. The caterpillar of a sesiid moth (JSembtda 
aetjuoise) which bores into the sequoia and other coniferous 
trees. pru rr-h.. 71. Any one of many beetles which bore 
into spruce-wood. Hciiiasbsvine b., same as SQUASH- 
noRER. sugar=cane b., any Insect or larva which bores 

dock"; '.' Same as RED DOCK. See BOCK. Called also o-ie;ro, n. [Auuiuonai sense.] A snon jacKd, wiiii j^ b J2tS^'&J^ > J^SSK^^"heMter|lS^f 

blnodysveincd dock.- b. man'Kfinper. the cuckoo, or without sleeves, worn over a bodice or waist of light a mo th (Molrira micrli'iirtHM. Btveet'Uotnto b., a 

fruit; also, the purple foxglove. li. twig* the European material. weevil {Ci/UiK formicariivs) whose grub bores into sweet 

dogwood (Coriinn Kitngninea). bol-i-ba'go, bel-1-bfl'go, n. [Philippines.] A fiber-bearing potatoes. tinibersb., n. Any insect, adult or larval, 

hloml'y-noun, n. [Local, U.S.] The leopard-frog (Bana tree of the Philippines. which bores Into timber-wood. wiilnatsb., ?t. The hick- 

ory.borcr.-willow=b.. . Any beetle that bores Into 

, , ... t , , _ t -- --, - willow, especially a longicorn beetle of the genus Ayrtlus. 

bloomer. bolo man, a man armed with a bolo. See quotation, bor'irk-lte, ber'ic-ait, n. Minfral. An opaque red- 

blooil'y-noun, n. [Local, U.S.] The leopard-frog (Bana tree of the Philippines. which bore 

pipieiw). blood'ney:. bo'lo, bo'lo, n. [Philippines.] [Sp.] 1. A chief surveyor ory-borer.- 

hloomVr-, n. A plant that blooms; as, a perennial of a^orest.^jj. A eutlas.llke weapon^ used by the natives, willow, esp 

i hydrated calcium p 
3), that is found massi^ 
?zech mineralogist.] 

outcrop ortne neaus or a vein.- ironstone Dlow, an so^what like the machete uled for like purpose in C'ul. c.'H. Bo-ro'lll-a, bo-rO'ni Q, n. A genus of Australian 
outcrop of pcroxld of Iron indicating a lode containing a EDWARDS CMefof llirisimt of lamilar Affaln. U.S. Vfarlltpt. ehrubsof the rue family (Rvtacese}, with opposite, simple 

. , . pll 

t.- b.-Kill, . The oluesunnsh. Called also blue 

Jlue. to a boloL'raph. bambo "W" "! ^ e ;j erahl ^ 22 1901 8 ii P 4 col 4 

SaiIle ^lo,b<Vle.s,. [Philippines.] A highway; road: a Taga- bor , rowli ri . [A^lHional .ense.] ' Go'f. To play a 

ball uphill that it may roll down again toward the hole. 

myoporad family (Myojwriruse). Known also as 

enota aima) ranging bo-te'te, bo-te'te, n. [Sp.l A tetraodontid fish (Rpherottle 
[eys to Brazi'l bVfle If'batu*} ranging from the Gulf of California to I'auam; 

boar'-gruiit" > bOr'.gronf,n. A fish, the humpback boot): so called from Its cry bough, vl. To strip of bon c hs. 

The famil 

ROOSEVELT H'der>iM Hund-r ch. 9, p. 171. [o. p. p. '93.] boo'by=prize",*V In card.playlng and In some other or pertaining to Antoinette Bourignon or her system of 

bo'bn. bo'bfi, n. !Sp.] A niugllold nsh (Joturus plchardi) games, a prize, usually worthless or ridiculous, given to the doctrines II. n. An adherent of Bonrignianism. 

of Cuba. Called also joturo. booby. See BOOBY, ., 3. It,, n-i-i'.. n i -i n-i.m The sviatem of doctrine 

bo-bonar'.bo.bong', n. [1'hllipplncs.] Theroof ofahouse: boo'dlei, . [Additional sense.] Caril.playlnff. A game anrirtbvTJin Aictt eBourUnmr ia "form of oiict 

a TagaTog term, bo-bofig'rili ;. in which the players bet on the value- of tlielr hands and ?'"2 nt V. - >lln( ;: AlltoMRttt Boui ion, a IO] 

bo'cn? bo'ca. n. [Sp.] l.\he mouth. 2. The mouth or against the dealer. It Is played with 52 cards upon a table lsm . making religion to consist in internal ecstasy, not in 

entrance of a river or harbor. boca dul'ce, dOl'tM on which the ace of hearts, king of diamonds queen of knowledge, form, or practise. Boii-i-rcilton-iNm;. 

ISp.J. literally, soft-mouth; a shark (Jf ((; li(i) of the spades, and knave of clubs are painted, or laid out fr ~ " " """' ' 

family Galelilse. Called also ,|CIL- -IKI i k and N.nooth 

bound. b. ne'sra, ne'gru I Sp.|, literally, black. mouth; 

a scorpienold fish (Ilrlicolenu* nuulerfnttiit} of the eastern 

coast of the United States. 

IHI'II.-, bo'co, K. [Philippines.] [Tagalog.] 1. The young any suit, but it must be the lowest one'of that suit In his "EIHA-VINE. [<jean rsapnsie jionannavir, r: cnemisi.j 

fruit of the coconut and its white meat. -J. A flower- hand, and the next play must be In sequence, and so on. bou"lii-<ralllt / ite, Mrsin-gelt'ait, n. Minnal. A 

MOMom. ( The player who first exhausts his cards wins the game. soft white hydrated ammonium. magnesium snlfale 

. vv ^ r ^, r ,, .^., .^^u^^u^,,^^, _. lung-1 _ __ _ 

bo'den-iile,'bO'deii"ait v ,'.""v;;/f)'a;!"A variety of allan- pious consisting of numerous leaf-like folds such as a of South-American trees of the bean family (Legvmi- 
ite that contains cerium and yttrium earths [ < llotltn, " <H)k contains. nosse), with alternate odd-pinnate leaves and terminal 

near Marienbnrg, Germany ] boor'ua, bur'ga, n. [Alas.] A blizzard; storm of wind and panicles of usually blue flowers. B. virgilioiileM, a 

bo"e-bo'e.ti, bi?e-b(5', n. [S..Afr. D.] Chopped meat - 8l ' ct ;, , , .,. ./!< very common and handsome tree of the campos of Hrazll, 

prepared with splceg chillies turmeric etc Doowt'er, bust'e,r, n. Eke. A device for increasing the Is reputed one of the sources of alcornoque. [< T. Jt. 

boVii, bo'eg, ii [R .Afr I) [ ' Weary tired electromotive force in an alternating-current circuit. [< flworffc* (1T9U-IW4), EmStoh traveler.] 

bo"e-te"bo'ii, l>nv-te'l)e'l, 11. "[S.-Afr. D.] A coane BOOST.) box :i , r(. [Austral.] To mix (separate flocks of sheep) ; con- 

weedy plant of the genus Xtmlhlitm. bo'ra', n. [Austral.] The ceremony by which, on reaching . ' U8e - 

bog 1 , n. [Additional compounds, etc.] bog'mut", n. manhood, a native boy Is admitted to tribal membership, box 3 , n. [Additional senses.] 1 . Any one of numerous 
Same as BUCK-BEAN. boicpink. . One of the cuckoo- bor'age, n. [Additional phrases ] t'eylon borage, 'rei 1 ' of the genus Eucalyptus, & few of Tmtutnii, and 
flowers ( Cnrtinmtne pr'ileitKixi. emerged bos tneol.l, a coarse, hardy annual boragewort (THcAoaegnui Zti/lnn- pome of othei* genera: usually from some quality of their 
a bog which grows high above the water-level, drawing up ii-ii), with pale. bine flowers, native of southern India,' Cey- timber, in which they resemble true boxwood, generally 

sofa, firm, gsk; at, fare, accord; element, er = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, no; net, ner, atm; full, rule; hot, born; aisle; 
If CYoss-rcferences to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


2113 buiiyip 

with some epithet prefixed, as bastard, black, white, ments formed in branchiomerism. See under BBANCH.O-. brow,, V- ; 1 3 A t 'J. n i\ ke or sweetened bread con- 
etc. See phrases below. 2. A small thorny shrub [< BUANCII- + (Jr. inn-ox, part] brum-h. brunch' i" [Slang, Hag.] A slight repast, taken 

(Burnaria Suiiiosa) of the pittosporad family (I'lttofiiora- braii'dls-ile, bran'dis-ait, n. Mineral. A submetallic | u , twl . L .;, i.reaktList and lunch. L < BR(EAKKAST) + <L)DNCH.] 
ceze) greedily eaten by sheep. Called also boxthorn, brownish iiiii.nncsiiiin-calcium-aluminnm silicate (H 8 (Mj>. Bru-nol'la. bru-nel'u, //. Jlut. A genus of low percn- 
nali've Iwx, and native oliie. Ca) la Al,,Si t ( I 44 ), that crystallizes in .the monoclmic sys- nia | t usua) i y sim ple herbs of the mint family (Labiates), 

bas'tardsbox", n Any one of a half dozen euca- tern, and is closely related to seybertlte. [< William 1. witn p et ioled leaves, and dense, bracted spikes or heads 
lypts, as E. goniocalyj: or either of two tristanlas. as Tri.i- Bmmte, English chemist.] of purple or white flowers. The strongly two-lipped 

tuiiiiii'oiiferta. black=box. - S.a>uma,E.largUlorTU, brand tit e, hrant'ait, . JRneral. A vitreous white corollas have didynamous stamens ascending beneath the 
and E. mkrutlieni. Briabanobox. brush=box, . A 

(jamzauou, professedly organized for the promotion of .Moselle wine, made at U nerg, rr, ^^J^" 

athletic sports, that took a leading part in the uprising of br m ?ia bra ; tha n [Philippines] A measure of length brush, n. [Additional phrase.] Haidinger's brushes, 
1900 in China against foreigners, first coming to general B n,,| lt iy i,. s8 than -' yards- native term. two aggregations of bluish diverging rays that may be seen 

notice through outrages on European and native Chris- i, ,.,.',,, bre'u, n. [ Sp. Am. & Western U. S.I Pitchy or bltu- when the eyes are directed toward a bright field of polar- 
tiaus. mlnous exudations Indicative of oil deposits. [Sp., pitch.] Izcd light. 

I se. b, the Chinese papers that the Boxer organization is breach, . [Additional phrase.] -breach of arrest brush'cri, n. [Austral.] A small and very active ^allaby. 
called*;..///.) ('/man win. -h Mitniti.--. righteousness, harmony, and (Xil.), the offense committed by an officer under arrest toeive brusuer [Slang, Austral.], to abscond, Itav- 
fiste. This prol.abiy means what you woul.l call being in training, when he leaves the confines of his place of detention with- Ing debts unpaid. 

as athletes nre, to develop their strength in the interest of harmony out authority. The punishment for this offense, under the Bry'ail-llc 2 . n. [U. S.J One who believes m ana aovo- 
auii righteousness. Wu TiN.i.FAN, ( :hinese Minister to the United rj. s. Articles of War, Is dismissal from the service. cates the political principles promulgated by V\ illlam J . 

K I-,,_I.T,- .. M... .., i..,,, ,. i ,i B "treak.n. [ Additional sense.] [Local, IT. 8.] Intheplural, B rvan - - - " ' -' -'- m. :.,.> 

a line of cliffs and gorges at the edge of a mesa. .ari; '. 

!,* . ....ft r v,,..t,..,l 1 < * .. .1 >i na > arnnv tllof *O7V, u. 

States, in A'eio York rimes May 30, 1900, p. 1, col. 6. break, n. I Additional sense.] [Local, IL 8.] Intheplural, Bryan; a supporter of the platform adopted at. Chicago, 

ie Democrntic National Convention that nomi- 

fhlch ap- 
"* a ratio 
t by in- 

[=BOXER'; see quotation.] aline of cliffs and gorges at the edge of a mesa 1896, by the Democratic National Convention thai 

box'*! horn", . 1 Additional sense.] [Austral.] *^^**^KfSS^t^ff^l^sKSt^M' sS'n^ nated * Ir ' B ^' an as Presidential candidate, will 

Box 3 2* aasnes out or n nera. *j. A siampt u<_ 01 luiui, tmnp, mv^ , , *-J~ OI ,,i ...Tiimitofi rrinHcrp nf ailvpr t 

^EfifSSSWai cSt^ln^Erwarl-vi,'; brra^cU^trek-club-, .. G. An obstacie that Sffjfi^ #3S$S%SSZ 

nuts are called by the colonists knfir chestnuts, wild 

n. [Additional sense.! [Austral.] Granulated 

braCk"w-UUt:-*K, uiai^ g-uuBU Viii,, *(. jai/.c/u*. Ji ~ Vp7' B iil1.1pr w'ntsT3 - - 

black to reddish hydrated Icad-iron-manganese vana- briB , n .| ow v,i )r , K . a .i,-,. . [Austral.] Same as BKICKLOW. bud'ncr-ee, bud'jer-i, a. I Austral.] Good; excellent: abo- 
dmite (Pb.Fe.MnjtVO^.HjO), that. crystallizes in i the bri'o, brt'O.n* lit.] Spirit; vivacity: usually in the musical rlgiiml term, boo'je-ryt. 

monoclinic system. [< Dr. D. Luis Brackebvsch., of direction con brio bul'Ia-lo, n. [Additional compound, etc.] buf'fa-lo= 

Buenos Ayres.] brl-quet', bri-ket' or (P.) brfke', rt. To compress bur", w. Same as SAND r BfR. b. cholera, same as BAK- 

brack'et-fuit"gU8, n. A fungus growing on a tree- (minerals or mineral dust) into bricks by heat. [< BRI- HO.XE*. Called also bullalo disi-ase. 
trunk, resemblini an inverted bracket, as many of the QUET, n.] brl-quettc't. buK,. [Additional coinpounds ]-leaf'.bug", n. Any 

DolvDOri See F ^ : :n * - - - "",r.. , ...,,. beminterous busr of the f amllv Cavfidse. ocenii:buff, 

tion. Compare < 


bra-gue'ro, bra-ge'ro, n. [Western U. S.] [Sp.] Ahorse- from two to four In number. The cards rank ae.-, trey, infests the strawberry and other berries. tohacco:biifi;, 

girth; truss. king, queen, etc., the deuce being the lowest. Three cards Mp A capsld bug (Dlciphnii minimus) which sucks the 

braille, bre"l, a. Of or pertaining to a system of print- only are dealt, but the hands are filled from the talon after juices of tobacco-leaves and provokes wilting, 

ing characters for the blind, invented by Louis Braille each play. _ bu-ha'ya, bu-hu'yu, n. \ Philippines.] An alligator or a 

The alphabet of the braille system is shown below. The bris'tle-tail", n. [Additional s'ense.l IN.Kng.] A gadfly. bu"ld', bu'le', n. Same as BOULE?. 
periods represent the raised points. broad'throat", n. The broadmouth. See under BEOAD, a. The Constitution of Greece, adopted October 29, 1864, vests the 

A'RP'HF'PfJTTT JKL M bro"chet', brO'shC', n. [F.] [Additional sense.] A CCU- whole legislative power in a single chamber, called the Hide, con- 

tropomold fish, the snook. See SNOOK, ., 1. si.ting of 207 representatives, elected by manhood sullrage for the 

Bro-dl-ie'a, bro-di-t'a or -e'a, n. Hot. A genns of term^of four years. J. SCOTT KZLTIE statesman's Icar-Book 

.... bulbous plants of the lily family (LUiacese), with linear P- 735 - [ACM. loot.] 

leaves, and variously colored flowers in an umbel, rarely bul'ger, bul'jer, n. Golf. A driver or a brassy having 
_._-,,, solitary, on a scape. Several species from the Pacific a convex face. [< BULGE.] 
NOPQKST V W i I Z coast of America are cultivated for ornament. U. unijlora, bull 1 , n [Additional compounds.] bnll'=liick", n. 

the starflower. from South America, is common In gardens. [Colloq., U.S.] Good luck that occurs accidentally or blun- 

broK'ffcr-Itc, brug'Qr-ait, n. Mineral. A variety of derlngfy; unexpected or undeserved luck. h.:|>nn<'her. . 

. . . nraninite that occurs in octahedral crystals. Helium has | Slang, Austral. 1 A bullock-driver, bnl'lockipnnch"- 

been obtained from it. [< W. C. Brogger, Norse mineral- cr!.-b.=redflsh, n. Same as REIVF-ISII. i.-b.<ront, M. 
2. The symbols themselves. oist ] A scorpa?nold fish (Cmtropogon robuslus) of New South 

-brailleccll. 1. One of a series of rectangular an- brom'iirns" , brBni'gros' ,n. [S.-Afr.D.] Watercress. ..JJS 6 "; r , ,.,-, a ,,m* 
ertures In a braille guide. *4. A rectangular group of six ^ M , ./...' v^am/T,^ i^ a ; ml ntiT.^ a OITI<I mnAe. bull 5 , n. [Austral.] same asBEAL" . 

braille points or positions arranged In two vertical rows or brotn'mlll K , brmu ng, a. Designating a sound made bllll/!n:bal |// bul'-o-bW, n. [Austral.] The poroporo, or 
bases.- b. guide, the upper plate of a braille tablet fitted by the brom-vogel. [OnomatopcEic.] kaugaroo-apple. [Corruption of Maori poroporo. I bul'- 

wlth rows of braille cells, through which the .symbols of bro-lnos'ra-phjf, bro-meg'ra-fi, . The description | v _bul"t. 

the braille system arc Impressed with a stylus Into paper of foods, or a dissertation on them. [< Gr. broma, biil-ln-hoo', bul-a-hfi', n. [W. Ind.] Same as HALLAIIOU. 
placed above hemispherical sockets or the horizontal food, -(- (/raphd, write.] bull'saut", bul'-gnt", n. [Austral.] Same as BULLDOG, 5. 

grooves of a metallic bed. b. music, a system at em- brom'>vo'"i,'el, brom'-vo'gel, n. [S.-Afr. D.] The ground- bull'=ber"ry, n. Same as BUFFALO-BERRY. 
bossed musical notation for the blind.- b. numerals, a hornblll. bull'doe" shark. 1. The bullhead (Iletermlontu* phi- 

19 o 4iR - fl o bron, bren, n. [S.-Afr.D.] A spring: water source: well. limn} See BULLHEAD, 1 ("). Called also 1'ort Jackson 

brood'.-spi"oen, brod'-spfun, n. |S..Afr. I).] Literally, g| m rk. 2. [New Zealand. 1 Same as BIOHKAD*. 

a bread.spy; specifically, in Boer warfare, a forager. buH'do"zer, n [Additional sense.] A blacksmiths' 

brook'ibet'o-ny, bruk'.bet'o-ni, n. Same as WATER- mac i,i ne tool. 

system of points used In the braille system as numerals for brook'Aine", n. [Additional sense.] (Austral.] An aquatic blllfle-tln-Ist, bul'e-tin-ist, n. One who prepares bul- 
the blind.-b. tablet, an Instrument, usually composed llgwort (Urutiala ptdunc alula). Culled also hearts- letms; also, one employed in posting up bulletins, 
of a metallic bed, crossed by grooves or rows of conical or ease. blll'lloil, 7?. [Additional phrases.] dore bullion, ore 

hemispherical depressions. Into which a prepared paper is broom, n. [Additional phrases.] native broom containing a small amount of precious metal, either gold 
pressed with a stylus to produce, when reversed, raised [Austral.], a shrub or small tree (Viminuria ilenudata) or silver. Called also base bullion. 
symbols to he rend by touch b. slatet. b. writer, a ot , , )cim famlly ( i^, lm ini>sie), native In eastern Austra- bul'lock-y, bul'uk-i, . [Austral.] A bullock.drivcr: also 
keyed instrument for stamping the symbols of the braille Ha an(1 Tasmania, yielding a soft, spongy timber. It Is also used adjectively. 

system upon paper. found in greenhouse cultivation under the name of Austra- blll'ly 5 , blll'i, n. [Newfoundland.] A sailboat with two 

brai ll, . 1 Additional phrase.] little (or hinder) brain, n an rush-broom and Victorian swamp-oak. purple b.. In masts used for fishing and carrying small cargoes, 
same us CKKKBELLUM. Tasmania, a plant ( Comfipermil <(*;) with racemes of i,.,i.,/i,.,i m w hiiln'lmln'' u f Amrin-Anstnil 1 Same as BT-T.- 

. 8n - 

ture of artilicial flowers. brow, n. [Additional sense.] [Can.] In lumbering, c idental chipping, as of building-stones: a stone-masons' 

brail-c-lllc'o-lous, bran-kic'o-lus, a. Zool. Living logs piled on the steep bank of a stream to be rolled into rornl 

on the gills of fishes: said of certain parasites. [< the water when spring freshets come. biinp;,V [Colloq., Austral.] Dead; bankrupt. to o bung, 

BitANfHtA -f- -COLOUS.] broivn'tall", . A small bird (Acanfhiza diemenen- to die; become bankrupt; fall, bonfft. 

bratl"clll-o-mere',brai.rki-o-mtr', n. Oneofthescg- sis), the Tasmanian tit. buu'yip, bun'yip, 11. [Austral.] 1. A fabulous animal held 

an = out; ell; lu = teuA, JO = future ; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ink; so; thin; zh = azure; F. bon, dttne. <,from; t, obsolete; i, variant. 
S3T" Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

bur 2114 calplH 

In great terror by the aborigines: native name. Called also plertd butterfly (Plfrte menapia) whose caterpillar Is de- ca-sar grunt, a ha-mulonold fish Ulirmiil'in curbonii 

kiiiuvtulv an.f waa.wee. . An Impostor; humbug, structive tu young pines. riuiul of the Bermudas, the West Indies. I ui.a. and Brazil. 

tin u'j up** btin'yup* but'ion:Kra*(*", it. [Tasmania.] A sedge (Schemiu mhtaro- cse'sar'Wred , si zur-wid , n. A small shrub ( I rtiia 

biir>,. [Additional phrase and compounds.] Balharst crpiialuK) vM\ a capitate nower-cluster on the end of a thin lobata\. See URENA* ; 

,,,-. K r \v i uu j u* '-> 3 ", . i iiiiii'inuco.j .rv 11 B ' " CO. 1 IIOJ*. >. *' i u(i, . iv*. i ruiiiyyiucB. lit us (ir i i.\i.'S 

vine ( 1 KM O/KIC.I ) bearing large edible tubers.. CW.1 for its leaves, which tfie natives smear with lime, wrap c " no ' t ", lW the tax-money of subdued tribes appropriated by 

bill-Men 1 , n. [Additional senses.] \.Mmlny. [Local, about pieces of betcl-nut, and chew. It forms a common officials 

Eng.] The tops or heads of stream-works that lie over article of trade. WORCESTER Philippine Islands. [MACM. ca-il-i-a'nes, cfi-il-t-G'ne'z, .;;/. [Philippines.] Slaves. 

the stream of tin. RAYMOND Mining Gloss. 2. The 1901.) ca-l-ml'lo, cfl-i-mi'to, n. A Peruvian tree (Liu-mmi 

bottom-boards of a boat. buz'zard 1 , n. [Additional phrase.] whiln tailed Ca i, n u ) or its fruit, which resembles the marmalade* 

burg"er-reirt', bOrii-er-renf,n. [S.-Afr.D.l Citizenship, buzzard, a buzzard (Buleo albocaudalus) of Texas and p] um but is smaller. Compare LCCUMA; MARJIALADE- 
biirn"er-\vacht', bOrH'er-vflHf, . [S.-Afr.D.j Citizen Mexico. 

loialerv militia buzz'sfly", re. IAustral.1 A flesh-fly, the yellow-bottle; kor- r L } IM ,- 

Biip-man'ni-a bur-man'i-a n Bat A genus of rumburra. Ca-ls'sa, ca-ts'g, n. Chess. The presiding deity of the 

la - ". ..__. . -ii ,,._ !,.,.,.>, .I,.,.,.!., game of chess: a concoction of recent writers on chess. 

bui-neC. n. [Additional phrase.]- na.lve burnet " T,Z, stonel J ca"'zo, co")o,b5'tho, n. [Sp.] C.. 

[Austral.], the Australian weecf Mddv-bid Ucn or/real. l>ysma, plug, + Mhos, stone.] ca"la-fa'le, cfl-la-fa'te, n. A trigger-fish (Me'MMys 

burn',noe"bark. The delicate white lace-llke fiber of picem). [< Sp. gala/ate, executioner.] ga-la-ta'tc*. 

hnrn'aiiiii. hnm'nw n z rrniioo n si Whiskers cal'a-mlii, cal'g-main, t(. [CAL'A-MINEU; CAL'A-MI"- 

b aS" mulf^he iSr" ? v ?ftl. c&y 1 slm,' cliln.'L forme"y fl NINO.] To ap P ly y to (pottery) I wash made irom the pig- 

by Gen. Burnslde (182*-'81), commander of the army of the V ment calamme. [< CALAMIN, n.] oara-mliie}. 

Potomac (Nov. 10, 1862). Ca-lam^o-cla'duH, ca-lam'o-cle'dus or -cla'dus, n. 

, . . of fishes of the family Sparldx, including many of the 

nr-ri'to, bOr-rl'to, n. [Sp.] A ha?mulonoid or grunter fish cab'basre 1 , n. [Additional phrases, etc.] cab'bage* porgies, asC 1 . nenna, the little-mouth porgy; L'.prorldeus, 
(Brachii'ttuteru* leuciscus) found in the I'aclttc Ocean BUm , n . [Austral.] A large tree (Eucalyptus S.fberi- the little-head porgy, etc. 
about tropical America. ana) o f southeastern Australia and Tasmania, yielding a c a-lnn', cfl-lfln', n. '[Philippines.] A kitchen or galley: a 

bur'ro, n. [Additional sense.] A haemulonold fish (Poma- valuable, strong, and elastic timber. Known also as nioun- Tagalog term. 

il/ists mrwracanthui) found off the southern Pacific coast tainmxli in Australia and guniitoi> and ironbnrki ca-lan'dra, n. [Additionalscnse.] [Porto KIco.l AnAmer- 
of America. tree in Tasmania. Chinesec., a Chinese species of Ural- lean oriole {Xatithornus portoricensi*) in its young stage. 1 , n. [Additional compounds, etc.] bu8h'>clo"ver, stca (B. Sinenxis), Ihe pak-ctioi, allied to the common cab- Ca-laii-drln'1-a, ca-lfln-drin'i-a, n. Sot. A genus of 
w. Any species of Le*ped?zu; especially, L.capitata, a half- bage of Europe and America (11. olerucea}, and similarly annual or nerennial herbs of the niirslam 1 familv I Pnriu- 
shrubhy plant, with an erect, simple, woolly stem, 2 to 4 feet used. In Japan the seeds are pressed for oil. -Maori /','i' !vi,|, , , rn^t," nr t, ft,.,V v lea! 

hlgh.anJglobular.oblong. sessile heads of ycllowlsh.white c.. the wild cabbage of New Zealand sprung from plants ' a f ), with alternate 01 

flowers, fSund In dry fields from Canada to the Gulf of left there by Captain Cook.- native e. [Austral.] 1. and showy, purple, or rose-colored flowers, which are 
Mexico. The Japan clover. L. strialu. It sometimes erro- The marsh or yellow watercress (Nasturtium palustre). either solitary or in terminal racemes or umbels. Of 
neously called the bush-clover, when really It Is only one of !i. The Maori cabbage. about 60 enumerated species, a fourth are Australian, the 

the bush-clovers, a name belonging to all the numerous cab'base=tree" hat. [Austral.] A hat with low crown rest of western America. Of those in ornamental cultiva- 
specles of Lexpeile-m . See LESPEDEZA. b.sfaller, n. and broad brim made of the leaves of the cabbage-tree tlon and known as rock-purslanes, C. grancHtlara from 
[Austral.] A wood-cutter In thebush. b.-honcynuckle. (Urutnnn A ustrali*). Chile, C. umbellata from Peru, and C. Jttn*/t*ii from 

n. See HONEYSUCKLE, 2. b. 'lawyer, n. [Additional cab"ca-ban', cob'cu-ban', n. [Philippines.] A medicinal California are the most common. [Prob. < CALAXDRA.] 
sense.] [Austral.] An Ignorant or Irregular legal practl- plant ( 1'olypodlum yuercinum) used by the natives as a ca-lan'tns, ca-lQn'tfls, n. [Philippines.] A tree, the Philip- 
tioner. b.:inagpie. . [Austral.] The common magpie, purgative. pine cedar. 

buHh'man, n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] One who ca-be-cc'ra, ca-bC'-the'ra, n. [Philippines.] The chief ca-la-sair', ca-Ifi-sOg', n. [Philippines.] Same as CARASA. 
works iu the bush or has skill in finding his way in the bush; city of a province^ _ n ^ . ,._ ,_ , cal'oliie, n. Same as CIIAMOTTE*. [< CALCINE, t).] 



^ = Ayel- 

f/one. b.'wren, n." A 'passerine bird (Xtnicus longipeii) ca'bleT n. [Additional phrase.] Ferrand cable, an lowish hvdrated calcium-iron phosphate (Ca s Fe s (OH) t 
of New Zealand. electrical conductor for conveying currents of high poten- (PO 4 ) 4 8HjO), that is usually found in nodules. [ < CAL- 

bii*lied, busht,pa. [Austral.] Astray, as In the bush; lost; tial, consisting of concentric tubes of copper separated by cif M 4- FERIUTE ] 

, . insulating layers. cal'eu-lus, . [Additional phrase.] calculus offlnile 

bUSh'el-lnff, ft. [Additional sense.] The act or process ca'ble-eraph"ic, ke"bl-grafic, a. Same as CABLEGRAM- uinerences, the branch of analysis iiat treats of the ratios 
of forming heated scrap-iron into a ball. bun'el-ln(* MIC. of finite corresponding Increments of mutually dependent 

fur"nace. . A furnace for heating small scraps of iron ca-boll'ya, cg-b6'yg, n. The giant lily (Furcrsea ffi- quantities 

and gathering them Into masses about as large as a bushel gantea). See FURCR.EA*, also GIANT LILY, under LILY*. C'al-de-ra'ro, n. [It.] A member of the Caldcrarl. See 
basket, for welding into a billet. [ < Sp. cabtiya, agave.] ca-boll'jai; ca-bu'jaj; CALDERARI and CARBONAHO. 

bUMh'manii-lle, bush'man-ait, n. Mineral. A man- ca-bu'ya{. cale-cuii'non niglit. [St. Johns, Newfoundland.] Hallow- 

ganese alum intermediate in composition between apjohn- ca 'bra uio'ra, cfi'brg mo'rg. [Sp.] A fish, the rockhind. e'en: so called because calecannon is then eaten. Compare 
ite and pickeringite. ca"ca-hu'at, cQ'cg-hu'ot, n. [Philippines.] [Sp.] The CALECANNOX. 

buiih'y, A. [Austral.] A rustic. peanut. ca-lc'su, cfl-le'sa, n. [Philippines.] A small two-wheeled 

bun'sy, bus'I, n. [Tenn., U. S.] A sweetheart. cac"e-tlie'i-a, cak'cs-thl'for -the']si-a, n. Pathol. carriage; Spanish chaise. 

butch'er', n. [Slang, Austral.] A drink of beer. Morbid languor: applied to malarial affections. [< Gr. ca IC-HII i', cfl -le- sin', n. [Philippines.] A two.whecled 

Bu-le'a, bitt-ti'a orbu-te'a, K. Bot. A genus of ever- kakot, bad. + alslhlfts, feeling.] drawn bvo'n" horse 

green trees or shrubs of the bean family (Lfguminosig), ca'chil, cQ'chil, n. [Philippines.] A white man. cal'i-co hore. 

with pinnately trifoliolate leaves and profuse racemes of ca-chu'cho, ca-chfl'c*), n. [Sp.] A fish (Etelin oculatu*) of [Local, u. S.I A pled 
oran"e-red or scarlet flowers. Of the three known spe- the snapper family found In the West Indies. horse; pinto; palm, 

cies, natives of Indlaand Burma,/;. /ronrfowi Is the dhawk c a-cim'bo, cfl.klm'bo. n. [W. Afr.J The cool season of horse: a term current 
or palasttree, which yields butea trum, KUIII kino, the yiar In the Kongo district. In Montana, 

or Bvnical kino, and other useful products, and the other ca"co"nel'ta, co co net o, n. A requlem-shark. cnl " i - iln ' ri - u in. 

two, B. snpertin and IS. purriflura, are climbing shnibs. cac'tun, . [Additional phrase, etc.] giant rartua, eal'1-de'rl-umor-dg'- 
The two former are in ornamental hothouse cultivation, same as SAOTARO. mia'tle-toe*cac"tuM, n. Same as ri-um, n. [-A, pi.] 
[< John, Earl of Bn(e(l"lJ-'92i.] WILLOW-CACTUS*. [L.] SameascALDA- 

Hul-iie'ri-n, but-nfri-a, n. Bot. Sameas CALTCANTHUS. cad, n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] A cicada. RIVM. _ 

bu"to-ma'ceous, biu'to-me'shios, a. Bot. Of or cad'die, n. [Slang Austral.] A slouch hat. Cal "i - for'nt- a **' 

pertaining to- the flowcring-rush family (.tffom?a?). cad'dyi, n. [Additional sense.] In the tobacco-trade, jack. A game of 

I <r Gr boutonios flowering rush 1 a " x G to 8 inches square, with a capacity of from 10 to cards resembling all-fours. The chief points of difference 

- - - 20 pounds. are that any player holding the 7 of trump robs; each 

player fills his hand after a play; low may he lost as well as 

a hardy 'perennial aquatic, the flowering rush, of the other expenses of "his course, a. [New Zealand?) 'A ~shrubsor small 'trees of the pine family! t'oiiiferse), allied 

A mechanical nut having wlng-Hke projections to 

the orange. Called also oranffeotoi. pine.b., n. A (Bathyntoma rlmator), of the West Indies and Brazil. cal'pU, n. Same as KALI-IS. 

sofa, firm, ask; at, fare, accord; element, er = ovr, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, l = renew; obey, no; nt, nr, atem; full, rule; but. born; aisle; 
py~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

calyculati 2115 catalufa 

ca-l.v t -'u-la"tl, ca-lic'yu-le-tai or -li'cu-ia"ti, a. Bot. can'thal. can'thal, a. Of or relating to the canthus, ^S^^jSttT^lffSSftSSSSfS^ 

Having a calycle or having fruit enclosed m a calyx, especially the camhus rostralis ctmat 

[< L. alii/cuing, dim. of calyx, calyx.] caii'lha-riis, n. t Additional sense.] A disk-like can- ca ,, Ina / tn , cu"ro-mQ'tg, n. [Philippines.] Same as 

ca-lyc'u-luK, ca-llc'yu-lus, n. Bot. Same as CALYCLE. die-holder need in churches. CAHROMATA". 

cal-zn'dn. cal-tbQ'da, . [Sp.] A road built up with tlm- Can"tlll-gas-ter'l-<lie, can"thi-gas-ter'i-di or -de, n. C a-ro'te, cu-ro'tc, n. I Philippines.] A tuber used by the 

hers, earth, stones, etc., as a passage across nmrshy ground. ^ ^ familv of gymnodont fishes, the sharp-r.osed puf- natives for food after the removal of Its poison. 
cam'a-o-on", cam'g-gen", n. The Japanese persimmon ' fcri (; an ''tli!-<Vas'ter n (t g ) oaii"tlil-sas'- ca-rotU-', ca-ret', n. A roll of tobacco: applied espe- 

(lttwpyro Kaki). ter-ld,a. & n. [< Gr.lant/ioe, corner, + gnsler, belly.] daily to the perique tobacco of Louisiana. [F., also ca- 

Ca-mal'do-ll, cg-mal'do-li, n. pi. Cfl. Hist. The cnn / t hus ros-tra'lis. The angle between the upper and rote; see CARROT, n., 3.] 

members of the order of Camaldolites. See CAMALDO- lateral surfaces of the head, between orbits and nostrils, In .carp. Hot. A suffix from the Greek carpoz, signifying 


or unloaded. ring to a stream. stvelv cultivated in the southern United States. 

ca'mik, cu'mik, n. [Labrador.] A native boat made of C a"u>e-a'<lor, cu-pe-a'der, n. [Sp.] A participant in a bull. ea wi'n <> . IIla / I i|^ l , carpo-me'ni-a or -ma'ni-a, n. 
sealskins. fight who excites the bull by means of a red cape. This *wwl rrrittinf in fruit in iu wild state caused hv 

ca-mi'iio, ca.mi'no, . [Philippines.] [Sp.] A highroad. Ca p e Hoys. [S. Afr.] A mixed race resulting from the lhL nati .4 in iits iin Iruit it us i im MU t "si y 

ca-mi''sa.ti. [Sp.] A thin waist with large flowing u&on of the native blacks with settlers and refugees of the woody deposits formed "f^r^Srf^S; 
sleeves, worn by women; chemise. various nations. enchyma. 2. Hort. The excessne production otlrult 

cam'o-mile, n. [Additional phrase, etc.] German cape'iiet", kep'net", n. A fabric resembling bobbmet. by cultivated trees. F. Mea. Diet. [< Or. Karpos, Iran, 
camomile, the European wild camomile (Xatricaria cap'=fuil"gus, cap'-fun - gus, n. A fungus with an ex- -f- MANIA.] 

dutmomliliii, a smooth, branching annual, witli finely dls- panded part, called the pileus, or cap, supported by a -carpoug, tvMx. Bot. Adjectival form ot the sumx 
sected, aromatic leaves, and many slender. stalked white- Btem . a mushroom or toadstool. -carp, signifying characterized by such a kind or number 

rayed heads of flowers, somewhat naturalized in the eastern ,j_ t j [Additional phrase.] capital sin, a of fruit or fruits, or carpels (little fruits); as, acrocar- 

United States. Called also hor 8 e=arowan. See MATRI- C ^ ly l ' r 'mortal, sin. See undCT raCn. ,m,s, jUmtoearmiU, polyaio S , etc. 



1W principal reUreW3UWVC ro HMO VWY/wo*n, me v>l*t>l*- -- IMTOMUVW. , 

rtuliicex and the Oicurbilucese. Known also as Campa- [Cp. P. capote, hood.] car'ri-er, n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] A water.bag, 

nulaleii. l< L. campana, bell, + lulus, borne.] cap"ryl-am'in, cap'rll-am'ln, n. Ctiem. Same as OCTTL- as for transportation on a pack-animal. 

rnm'olii-lone C'lm'fl-lin n diem Camphene ob- AMIN. [< CAPHTL + AMIN.]" car"ro-ina'ta, cur'ro-ma'ta, n. [Philippines.] Along, 

?,?,', hvrtrnihlnratP nf t rnent ne n n with cap'ryl-ene, cap'ril-in, . Slum. Same as OOTTLEKK. narrow two-wheeled covered wagon, used for carrying 

tamed by treating nydrochlorate ot turpentine-oil wnn /t j v rAdditirmnl seiisp 1 ChpRx To take a eoods 

lime; also, any clmphene of the third order. [< CAM- =P rf. *;. J Additi mal suiee. ] CA. lo take a Koods. ^ rAdaitional phrase8 i_ dea dly carrot, any 

Cam'pllor=WOO<l", cam'tgr-wnQ n. 1. 1 The carabao U very dependent oa hi s daily mud-bath and will cra ,^ sbm ( '<, .,, ,,. 

Of the camphor-tree. 2. The wood of an Australian seldom work without it for more than a coupfe of hours during the car ,. u . nK e', cur'ru-uj', . [Philippines.] A 

timber-tree [CaUUlit robmla). Called also dark pine heat of the day. DEAI. c. WORCESTER t>hilipp,ne Islands p. carrlage r hnrouche . 

and black pine. 611, App. [MACM. 1001.] car'rub, cdr'ub, . A small striped scinenoid flsh (J^wes 

cam.pi'lan, cam-pflan, n. [Sp.] In the Philippines, C Y, "toi^house'Se? or^oast^euml' 1 Philippines, a(;umina<M) found in the waters of the Atlantic, from 

straight-cdged two-handed sword, with a blade wide at the a "" ,.f,"rn n T i ^Phmnnlnes A thatch-'lke awn- South Carolina to Brazil, and in the West Indies. 

tip and narrowing toward the hnt. OIt ^nS'm&J fto'S? w B oven ita'Srild^to 8heltt??he car'ry, n. [Additional sense,] Co//. The distance 

cam-pit', cum-pif, . [Philippines.] A knife: a Tagalog cr * w o( a Te8Sel . native name. which a ball traverses when driven from the place where 

term. . . Qv , an ^, car'ap=wood", n. Same as CRAB.WOOD. See under it is struck to that where it pitches: used with adjectives 

cam-po'de-1-form, cam-pO'dg-i-ferm, a. Zool. Shaped CBABSi M in phrases as i ong corry ^ nd 8nort cnrry . 

like the wingless insects of the genus Campodea. [< ca-ra'sa, cs-rfl-ss, n. [Philippines.] A light ; wooden c ' y-o-phyl'li is, car-i-o-fll'ns, n. Sot. A former 

CAMPODBA + -FOUM] ^ield used by the natl^s; also, Ae handles by which It Is ^J %*' b 8ome botanlsts as a Bec tion of 

cam-py"Io-rliyn'clou, cam-pflo-rm'cos, a. Pa- held native name c ^-"a-sa-B '! , , d fl h (Caramiu , jjugenia. andT>y others as included in Jambosa, which 

leant. Curved with the upper borSer concave: applied ca :r*^ Il f V p c _? '"'":., A . C ^K i Comoare CABTn was itself taken from JSki?nio. (7. aromaticus, the 

to the mandibles of extinct eaurians. [< CAMPYLO- + vulyans) the crucian carp or gbel. Compare .BP, , . hence a]so known ^ E in car , /nph yaata or 

Gr. rhunclws, snout.] car'bo-lUe, cQr'bo- ait, n. A by-product in iron-smelt- Jam ^ om , inmn tlm. See CLOTKI, n., EUGENIA, and JAM- 

ca'ua-bo"ta, cu'nya-bO'tu, . [Sp.] A hexanchold flsh, ing, consisting of calcmm-aluminnm-sllicon carbld, and BOSA*. [< Gr. kartmphyUon, < karyon, nut, + phyno$, 

the cow.shark. used as a substitute for calcium carbid. [< CABBO(N + leaf.] 

can'a-joug, can'g-Jeng, n. [Austral.] The Australian flg- -LITE.] ca'sa, cfl'sS, n. [Sp.] A house. 

marigold (Mesemtiryanttiemum seyuilaterale) . Called ca r"bon-e'ro, cflr'bon-^'ro, n. [Sp. Am.l A caraugold ca"sa"be', cfl'sa'be', n. Same asBUMPEBi, n., 3. 

also pigsface. fish ( Caranx ruber) of the West Indies, cl'bij. ca"saque', cg'sac', n. In dressmaking, a short basque. 

ca-nal", n. [Additional sense.] An arm of the sea; as, car _bo'ra, cur-bo'rg, n. [Aboriginal Austral.] The koala. [P., < case, < L. casa, house.] 

Lynn Canal. canals of Mara, linear markings on the car "bo-ruii'dum, car'bo-run'dum, n. An artificial cas"ca-rll'ja, n. [Additional phrase.] native cosco- 
.lanet Mars which appear double at certain seasons: believed compollnd of car bon and silicon made in the electric rilla [Austral.], a small tree ( Crolon Yerrauxli) yielding 

writing, < graphd, write.] 

tting one phase of polymorphism. caste production 

itophyllum eapitatum); (3) the rhodeswood; (4 
American tree (Gomphia Gwanenvis) of th 

(Zool.), the causing of polymorphism, as in ants and bees, 

ochnad Cai^du-us, cflr'diu-us or -du-us, n. Bot 

ca-iit-ph'o-ra, ca-nef'o-ra, n. Same as CANEPHORE. trees of the papaw family ( Caricacese), with branchless 

caii'tteld-fte, can'fild-ait, n. Mineral. A metallic stems, large alternate palmately lobed long-stalked , me , amor p nl5m ..., ^j^,, , r( , renll/ 
black blue silver-tin-gernianium sulfid (Ag B (Sn.Ge)8 e ), leaves, and racemes of usually dioecious flowers. Uf applied the term cafaclastic. C. R. KEYES Fifteenth Annual 
that crystallizes in the isometric system [< F. A. Can- 10 species, natives of tropical America, C. I^ipayti, the Report U. S. Beat. Survey p. 717. [GOV. pro. OFF. '95.] 
Hold, American engineer.] P a P w - ls ; ho bc8t *?.? k?.- BP S t e L P o n *'.'' B [ ^7" Sesame [ < Gr - kata ' down ' + ^".^ break -] 

can'jnr, can'jur, n. Same as HANDJAB. "'PAPAYXUK car''i-cii'ecou a' cat"a-gcn-et'lc, cat"a-jen-et'ic, a. Biol. Of, pertain- 

can'kcr= weed", cap'ker-wid', n. Any one of several C ar"i-col'o-Kyi car'1-cel'o-Jl, n. Same as CARIOOGRAPHY. ing to, or showing catagenesis or degeneration. 
nf tha rn^wnrta esnecinllv the common Ttiironeiin riur- *a wl.nnto folda. flenl Tsncllnle, folds. See under iso-. cat"a-ll'na, cat u-ll na n. [bp.J Atlsli (AntsoUrem 

u = out; ell; lu = fud, jn = fntwre; c = k; cburch; db = the; go, sing, iijk; so; thin; zh = azure; F. bo*, dfine. <,from; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
tW Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

Catumhl yrlij iichidic 

rafam-bly-rhyn'rbl-dte, cat'am-bli-rin'ki-dt or tail of a fish exclusive of the head and caudal fin. [< L. 
(1C-, n. jil. tJrnith. A South- American family of passerine anul'l, tail, -f- TKI'NK.] 
birds related to the finches, but with bill conspicuously Cau-ler'pa, cS-lyr'pti. . Bot. A I; 


fii common, + frytos, body.] cwn'o-cytej. 

[< Gr. 
'< i n"o-<'yl / Ic.', it. 

flattened laterally. 4'Ht"aiii-l>l>-rliyii'rliii*. . 


some green alga; (CIdorophycese) 
near* with a unicellular plant-body re 

large genus of hand- c'cn"o-zo-ol'o-Ky, sen'o-zo-el'o-ji, n. The study of 
of the group Sip/to- the animal lift- still existent on the earth. [< Gr. k<iinos+ 
emarkably developed recent, -f ZOOLOGY.] ca>ii"o-zo-ol'o-i> > *. 

(t. g.) [ < Gr. kata, thoroughly, + ainb/yx, blunt, -f r/iyu- neve, with a unicellular plant-hody remarkably developed recent, + ZOOLOGY.] ca'll"o-zo-o)'-a j *. 

, /(/<, snout.] <-Hl"alli-bly-rli) n'< lii<l, a. & n. into a creeping stem-like axis with men k-ai-likc ccn'wor, i't. 1. To examine, as books, let tern, manu- 

I'nin, ca'tan, n. [Philippines.] A Japanese sword: na- branches on one side and colorless root-like ones on the scripts, or plan, for the purpose of determining the 

. . . 

ru'iiin. cG'ttin, n. [Philippines.] A Japanese sword: na- 
ti\v iiiinif. 

cat"a-phe'be, cufu-ffbg, n. A bright-colored serra- 
uoid t&b^BypOpfaltrm ii<tl'i} frequenting the coral-reefs 
of Bermuda and the West Indies; the vttca. 

other. From any one or all of these the plant seems to 

be prupai:;ncil tiy prnliticatinn. Its more than 70 species 
re found in tropical seas on sand, shaded rocks, or in deep 

character of their contents. 2. To expurgate before 
granting license to publish, as a play. 3. *. To sanc- 
tion after examination the forwarding of (correspond- 

, , o e 

water, and form the principal food for turtles. [< Gr. tau- encei news, etc.), as from the front during war. 
fos, stalk, + rtfri>tt. cm-p. | t cen-ten', sen-icn', n. A Spanish eoin. Sec table under 

t-au"lo-tax'iH, co'lo-tax'ie, rt. Bot. The arrangement COIN-I, . 
of the branches on a_ stem. [ < CAITLO- + Gr. taxis^ ar- ceii'ter, n. [Additional phrases.] cemcrufbiioyam-v, 

rangemcnt.l < 

I'll'll-Ollli, CU'U- 


ota OrnuKta) from the trunk of which asayo-HUe product 
is obtained. Called also negro cabo. 

cnu>te"rie' f coz'ri', , A tree and unconventional treat- 
ment or discussion, as of literary or historical facts; familiar 
or conversational criticism. [F., < L. cqw*, re 

A Catalineta (def. 2). 1/7 
cat^n-poph'y-sis, cat'a-pef'1-sls, n. Anat. 


cat'a-piilt'frillt", cat'Q-pnlt-frnt' , n. A fruit which, 
when ripe, is thrown from its receptacle to a greater or en of the Cautivos. [Sp., < L. captivus, captive.] 

the center of man of tbe volume or water tbat a floating body 

displaces. c. of population, the point In a country on 
which its map would balance, were it made of sheet 
metal and varied In thickness proportionately to popula- 
tion. Thus in calculating the center the distance ot a re- 
gion as well as the number of Its inhabitants must be taken 
. ________ J into account. 

[Additional compounds.] [Austral.] cen"ti-nor'inal, sen'ti-nSr'mal, a. Being onehtradredtb 
eaii8 / ticscreep"er, n. A Queensland weed (Euphorbia of a definite strength of solution, termed a normal solution. 
ZTrummomMf) of the sparge family < Supkorbtacem), poison- [< CENTI- + NORMAL.] 

ous to sheep. In New South Wales it is known as milk: eeiilr-, sen'tr-, combining fonn. Same as CENTRO-. 
plant and pox:plant* c.^plant. or c.=vine, n. con'tral, a. [Additional sense.] Anat. Of or belong- 
A shrubby vine (Sarctwttmma Australia) of the milkweed i n g t o the centrum of a vertebra. central particle 
family (Atcbjriaftacem), poisonous to cattle and sheep. T&mbrvol ) a centrosome 

a"ii-li'vos,cu*u-ti'vfs.;i. Captives: a term specifically ap- .,/> r Kl'n 'l to" wii'trnl Ins'nir n Mintm) \ 


by Algerlne pirates. This fund sllll exists In KOIHC places, that is found massive. [Appar. < Gr. kenlron, point, + 
and the Sephardlc congregation of London still has a ward- allassS, exchange.] 


cen'trlc, a. 

dditional sense.] Geol. Having the 

Han timelioid birds of the group Plitonorhynchinse' (l)the 'ike a gall produced on vegetable organs by irritation due 

spoiled catbird (^Elurstlus maculoms); (2) the tooth, to insects. [< Gr. kektg. anything bubbling forth.] cen"trn i.prii.'n- Ben-tro-snerm't or f n nl not 

billed catbird (Scenopseus dentiroetrU), whose cry re- cc'dar, n. [Additional senses.] 1. In New Zealand, A muTo? ord^r"o"f ' \ kn s .fr ihi-H'lo'us'd?cotv]l- 

sembles the cry of a cat. a large tree (Lioocednt# JiidtcUlii) of the pine family j ,L 

catch 1 , n. [Additional sense.] The sprouting or taking (Comferx), called pahautea by the Maoris, yielding a t fiStoSnlS n of thorn-fries 1 1 cm braces 1 or 1 1 

root of a crop. dark-red, easily worked timber. 2. In Tasmania, Iny ^^^^^^S^^S^^^SS^mo. 

cafen-old, cut'en-eid, n. Gtom. A surf ace generated one of the 3 species of Arthrotaxi* of the pine family SR*B8^^ 

by the rotation of a catenary upon its axis. [< L. catena, (Comferae\ all known as pencibccdnrs: (1) A. cvpres- [< CENTRO- + Gr. xperma, seed,] 

chain, + Gr. fidos, form.] soideK, called also King \\illiam pine; (2) A. laxifolia, ceit'tro-splicre'% een'tro-eflr", n. 1. Geol. The cen- 

cat'*eyc", cat'-ai', n. A large, spiny, brilliant-red ecorpse- called al^o mountaln^pine; (3) A, selaginoidex, called tral portion of the terrestrial ^*~~~~~~^ 

noid fish (Helicolenus maderenms) of the eastern coast of also red pine. 3. In Australia, any one of various trees globe. 2. Biol. In karyokineeis, ^ s " 

the Un. ted States, from New York to Cape Ilatterae, and differing in family as well as in genus from the true the entire attraction-sphere, 

of Madeira. cedars. See phrases and compound* below. [< CENTRO- + SPHERE.] 

;it h'a-ri*"t i<-, cath'a-ris'tic, a. Pertaining to the doc- 
trine of the Cathari. 

cat'*haw", cat'-hfi", n. [Prov. Eng.J The common haw or 
fruit of the hawthorn. 

cath'ode, n. [Additional sense.] The electrode or con- 
ducting terminal by which the electric current leaves any 
vessel, electrolytic bath, C'rookes' or Geissler'e tube: op- 
posed to the anode, by which it enters. cathode pho 

THIS*. Chilean c., a valuable timber-tree (Fitxror/a 
Patagonica) of the pine family, allied to the cypress, of the 
Island of Chlloe. common or red c. [Austral.], Ce/frela 
Autttralls, of the bead-tree family. Japan c. or Jap- 
anese c., the sugt ( Cryvtomeria Japontw). Bee CBTP- 
TOMERIA and suGi.-pciicibc., n. [Additional sense.] 
[Austral.! Dysorylon Frftterianiim of th 

nl, a. Mineral. Having sym- 
metry round a center, but with- 
out plane or axis of symmetry. 


ep]."a-lop'a-tliy, eef'a- 
lep'a-thi, n. Pathol. Any 
disease of the head. [< CEPH- 

tograph* see SKIAGRAPH'. c. photography, the ma- 

king of skiagraphs. 

Centrospliere. (Diagram 
of a cell at rest.) 

Cs, centrosphere; A*u, nu- 
cleus; n, nuclcolos; Ch, 
chromosome; liet, reticu- 


. he bead-tree fam- 

ly.-scrub white c. [Austral.!, Pen tawa* Australi* of 

the rue family (Rutacese.) white c, I Additional sense], AI.O- -j- Gr. pathos. Buffering. 
Jfetta comjjoftitn. yellow c. [Additional sense], Rhus ce'ral, a. [Additional sense. 

Jllo rhoctanth&na of the cashew family (Anacardiacfsr). Wax-like- ceraceous um - 

calh'ode rays. " Rave that pass straight from the cath- ced'u-la per'son-nl. sed'yQ-lu per'sun-al or tSp.) th^'do- cer'a-ta, 'scr'fl-ta, n. pi. Zool. Literally, horns; the 
ode to the opposite wall of a Crookes' tube, when it is ft ^t'tSifnnl'ncg certificate of Identification: used illffl on the bS ^ ks J c'eratobranehia. [< Gr. fenu, 

excited by an alternating high potential current of elec- C ed'u-la re-kl', aed'yfl-lfl rC-fll' or (Sp.> tht-'du-lfl re-GI', n. horn -] 

g prefix, containing potash-soda feldspar. [< CEH- 

ffonmorct and long^ 

2. The hairy hawk*veed (Hteradum 

__ ___. rf v Gronovii). 3. bon a it exists in steel before hardening. [< CEMENT.] therefrom in plaster; also, a printing-plate so produced. 

Any one of various other composite plants with leaves Ccii'cliriiM, /;. [Additional sense.] Bot. A genus of [< L. cera, wax, -f TYPE.] 
6Uggestiveofacat'8ear;ae,8everalspecieBof Antennaria, annual or perennial grasses with flowers in spikes and 1 cer-tlf'i-cate of w-rv'ice, n. (U.S.I 

especially the mountain-everlasting (.4. dioica). 



'paw", n. [Additional eense.j In Tasmania, a 
nt ( Trichinium spathulatum) of the amaranth family 

t'Adltlonal compounds, ete.l-cat'", 
n. [Austrat.l An Australia^ tree (Atalaua htmtglauca) exco 
of th Hoapl>erry family (S>jpindace&}, whose leaves .'in- ,..,/. i.. i ' 
Kreedlly eaten by cattle, and utilized for fodder In dry sea- 

to 4 together with an ovoid or globular spiny involucre 
forming a prickly bur. Of about 12 species, natives of the 
warmer regions of both hemispheres, c. tribuloidu, the 
biir^riiHN, hrilirrhnu' ffrar*H, or Hnixhhnr Is a well- 
known noxious weed on sandy shores and waste grounds in 
the United States from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of 

Same as BENDAL. 

issued 1>< 

A document 

the secretary of war in lieu of an original ' 
ciiurKi- mat has been lost or destroyed. 
Ccfo-niini'I-dw 1 , sefo-mim'i-di or -de, A small 
family of iniomous fishes with large mouth, wide gill- 
opening, and no peeudobranchia 1 . C'ct'^o-niln-'us, n. 
(t. g.) {< CETO- 4- Gr. mimoft, an imitator.] 

cet"o-nilni'ld t a. &n. 
chn-brii'thn, nQ-brfl'tliQ, n. [Heb.l A party or set of 

ld to possess 

Cau'cax-old, c8'cgg-eid, a. Ethnol. Resembling or 

allied to the Caucasian race. [W.] [< Caucasus + Gr. 

eidof. form.] 
cau'dl-trunk", cS'di-tronk', n. Zool. The body and 

in the green algte of the genus Vaucheria. 

In Vaucheria . . . the whole of the vegetative body forms a air 

ripe pears, peaches, etc. wil>low.clia"l"or. >i. A scam. 
bwld beetle, as the goldsmith, whose grubs attack willow- 

eofa, firm, ysk; at, fare, accord; element, fir = over, eight, g = usage; tin, machine, g = renew; obey, no; not, nor, atom; full, rule; but, born; aisle; 
^~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

chair 2117 cliondro- 

ment. . A device tor obtaining subscriptions, as for a that inhabited the Crimea in the 8th century. me Lnazars i nm Hr to curtain section of the Sononm anbnurinn 
charitable purpose, by sending a letter of appeal to each of became converts to Judaism, and for two centuries prac- ' om ? > > nfnl r i r?ct of A , , ' hi, 

several as tor Instance. 3 persons, each of whom, on sub- Used Its precepts. ?' , thc Aubtio-oc ildentai district of America; Inning its 

scribing. Is to make the same request to 3 other persons, clc<-k', n. [Additional phrases.] crossed check [Gt. habitat in the neighborhood of Chihuahua, Mexico 
making an additional 9, each of whom in turn shall solicit Brit.] (Banking), a check across the face of which is cllild'=slud'y, n. 1 he systematic study of children 
another 3, thus adding a further ->7. and so on, increasing printed or written the svmbol "& Co., "or the name of some with especial reference to pedagogy. 
the numbers in geometrical ratio, <t<l hiliiiituin. bank, between two cross-lines, thus making the collection clli'lc-ito, clu'le-ait, n. Mineral. A brownish lead- 

cltal r 1 , n. [Additional phrase.] boatswain's chair, a of the face value of the check impossl'- 1 - 
strip of wood slung by ropes through the ends, and used as ' 
a hanging seat, as for a ship's painter, or other worker. 

.li-i'i-ili iirt'lo n fHeb 1 \ loaf- sm-cillcullv aioimlnaf which ltdlllers in that the piece removed goesmto a CUCCK- ~-" -"""'" - ; : - - ~*~ - - -. r' .:~ "-r 

tape"ng towafd each end, 'and sun'n.Hmu.dl.v a twisted in posltiou.-initialed c., a check which has been ini- mel'i-de, r,. pi. Zool. A fanny of forammifera that is 
roll plentifully sprinkled with seeds, said to represent the tlaled by the cashier or other authority of a bank, as evl- characterized by having chambers more or less embra- 
manna of the'Heljrews and eaten on the Sabbath or at va- dence of genuineness of signature, but not of the holding cing, following each other from the same end, or alter* 
rlous festivals. of deposits to make it good: differing thus f rom a certified nately at either end, or in cycles of three. [ < Gr. cheilos, 

cha"la-zog'a-my, cg-lg-zeg'tt-nii, n. Sot. Fecunda- e*ct.- perpetual c. ( Chem). a continuation of checks H p _(L ^ OT , !a mO nth.] 

tion through the chalaza: a mode in which the pollen- "J",, "" j""^ n !";' wr u i, *"i m f ' clil"mo-pel-a(j'lo, cai'roo-pel-aj'ic, o. BM. Corn- 

tube, instead of entering the ovule in the normal way clle/(1 11( J? (1 [CHE'DOR-IM orcnE'nAK-lM, pi.} [Heb.] ing to the surface of the ocean only in winter: applied 

through the micropyle, pierces through near the chalaza. A Jewish elementary school where children are taught to certain deep-sea lower organisms. [< Gr. cheimon, 
[< Gr. chalaza, hailstone, 4- gamos, marriage.] Hebrew and religion. winter, -\- pelagofi, sea.] 

clia"la-zo-gain'ic, a. clieese'wood", n. [Austral.] The hard, yellowish-white cbi-iiel'a, chi-nel'a, n. [Philippines.] A slipper with a 

CIial-fi<l'i-ail 3 I a Of or pertaining to Chalcis a wood of an Australian tree t I'jtto-\[/ornm tricolor): so called narrow strip of leather over the toes, and no heel, 
city of Eilbcea aiid particularly to the alphabet used by tn Victoria; in Tasmania, known as white-wood and clll-nese' eop'y. A slavishly exact imitation, as a 
those of its inhabitants who settled in Sicily and southern nfc ^H*hfi t a'* o . n. TAlas.l A tenderfoot or novice: C "P? j" "L hi f I 1 a " ?*L'. n "" "i.? 1 "^?,?! 11 "''^'!!- 

ha'lit-za, HO'lit-sfl, ji [Heb] A formula used among spiritual basis. MART BAKEK G. nj>Y Science and clilp'page, chip'ej, n. Articles, as of pottery or porct 
the Jews on renouncing the obligation to marry a deceased Health p. 61. lain, that are chipned; also, the state of being chipped. 

brother's widow. cliem'l-grapli", kem'i-grgf", n. A process of printing clii"rl-rl'a, chl'rl-rt'fl, n. A tree-duck. 

' ' Donations or bequests ' 

.,iioi-ro. 8amr, oro o . --, --, . , 

cha"mtte', shcTmet', n. [F.] The refractory portion engraving in which a half-tone plate is employed with an Central America. 

in the manufacture of fire-brick, com- over-etched plate from the same negative. [< CHEMIC clii'ro-grapli, n. [Additional sense.] A device of 


of a mixture used 

bent wires and rings for enabling a student of penman- 


a'lil", ccl'nl", n. A fish. Same as MILKFISH. 

.--,. , KH-k-FlSH. clie'rem. ue'rem, n. [Heh.J Excommunication from the chil-i' 3 , chlt-i', n. [Bengali.] Same as JETEE. 

Clia'iil-dee, cg'nl-dt or -de, n. pi. A monotypic fam- Jewish Church, pronounced against such persons as cause j-lil-lo'sall cai-tfi'san n C'/ian i derivative from 
ily of malacopterygian he; ring-like fishes with a lateral public scandal or hold doctrines contrary to Judaism, -i,:.:.. n hiinl bv nlknlV/ntinn at b'iirh ti-mnrrntnrp 1 <- 
line and no teeth; the milk-fisTies. Thereare three forms of excommunication-,,cziplia,be- ^itm^ obt aim. d by al ka i/ation at high ten perature. L 

__ . % ,_ , -. 

chaD'nel<banet,~n."~fhecollar>boiie. Ing for seven days; niddui, for thirty days, and cberem, C HI rm, < ur, aa iron, r nl ' ; -J ralliffiisklns- 

(Jha'nii-ctt, ua'nn-ca, n. [Heb.] The chief post-Bibllcal which lasts Indefinitely or until the ban has been formally chi-var'rag. cht^rgs. n. J.J. [Sp. Am.] Galligaskins, 

festival of the Jews, held for eight days, from Chlsleu 25th, removed. ,..,... . , .. i,i!vial VU'IH I Hn-rnl om/irl -ni* vi ^ 

In memory of the restoration of the temple service during clier'ry, n. [Additional compounds, etc.] brush'. cl>lo"ral-am'ld, I clo ral-am'id, -aid n. Med. A 

the time of the Maccabeans, 164 B. C. The chief event of cher"ry, n. [Austral.] 1. The edible fruit of a small cnlo"ral-am'lde, ) drug used aa a hypnotic. [< 

the festival was the lighting of the C'bainlca light, and tree (Eugenia myrtifolia); also, the tree, which Is called CHLOKAL + AMID.] 

from this ceremony the Greek Jews call It the Feast of also bruahsinyrtle. 2. An evergreen tree ( Trochocar- chlo"ral-lu'mln-lte, clO"ral-lu'min-ait, n. Mineral. 

l.iuli ts. Called also Feast of Dedication. John x, -a. pus laurina) of the cpacrld family (Epacridacesel. rier- A hydrous aluminum chlorid (Aid, + HoO), that occurs 

Compare HEBREW CALENDAR, undcrcALENDAR. bert river c., the cnerry.llke fruit of a Queensland tree f 8a volcanic nrodnct [^ rmoKAi 4- AIIIMINUM 1 

cba'pa, chO'pa, n. [Sp.] A metal plate worn for ornamen- (Antldesma dalliichyanum) of the spurge family (Euphor- .,,,1 "A. ' , ' JTnln'rni ni rhtm A rnlnrl^s rrvafjil 

tal purposes by Mexicans upon their sombreros; a scutch- biacex).- native c. [Austral.], the edible, enlarged, Clllo'ral-ose, clo ral-Os, n. <-. A colorless crystal- 

een. c'hapa de frcuo, the boss borne on either side of a cherry-like stalk of the single-seeded nut borne by an line compound (C t H,,CI 3 O 6 ) of chloral and grape-sugar: 

bridle-bit. Australian tree (Exocarpuscupretitlformis) of the sandal- used in medicine as a hypnotic. 

cha"pa-rc'ras, cha'pa-re'rgs, n. [Mex.] Same as CHA- wood family (Sanlalacese); also, the tree. Zulu c., a clllo-ran'a-tlte, clo-rap'a-tait, n. Mineral. A vn- 

PAEEJOS. South-Afrlcan shrub (Da m be,/a Jliirgexsise) with large riety of apatite in which the fluorin is replaced by chlorin. 

cha'pln, che'pin, n. A trunkflsh, as the spotted trunk- white flowers In huge clusters: often cultivated in hot- ^CHLOKAL + APATITE ] 

'^oZJT blcaUdcUls) ' and the common trunktt8h li er!8yd'rl-da!,ker-sid'ri-dtor-de,.n;. Zool. A fam- chlo^rlt-i-za^tion, c ^-^^\^ a f o ^ e ^ 

d'ro, chap-pa'ro, [Sp. Am.] SameasCHApA- !,;L 6 : 1 ' a t)^ J^i,, 'O v, an wi 


DolIy.Vardra trout (.Salvainiu'miilrna). Called also red. See^Caloil'endro'ii'caDe nscf'Sce CALO'DENDRON ""*'" ' tile, n. Mineral. "A gfcen'nydfatcd eopjiVr'arsenatc (Cu 3 
spotted trout.- rain'.chnr", n. A fish (Satcelinm M ,,..,,/v chest'l a [SI ana TT S 1 Manlf estlni/ aim-esslve (As6 4 ) 2 .BH a O), that crystallizes In theorthorhomblc system. 
pluvius), the Iwana of Japan. self-conceit; bumptious; Sffected; pretentious olilo-ro'ma, clo-ro'mg, n. Med. Green cancer, a rare 

< l har'ac-ter,n. [Additional phrases.] acquired char- _.//.. _/ [Artrtitimml apnup 1 An nevnortoid form of sarcoma which sometimes occurs in the penos- 
acters (;.), those modifications of Bodily structure or cl ^1 c'rah teum of the skull. [< Gr. chldros, green.] 

MWd' h ai :h ll'f ei ' n re88ed0 ''Ar <! E rg ' 1 " ISI 9- thl!C ''- Ur ^^ [Heb.] Formerly, an association of cbo'clio, + ch5'cho, n. [Cuba & Mex.] Same as CHATOTE*. 

which the organism is originally endowed. society 8 *" 0118 wWch comDlne a synagogue and a benefit tne en ; ]8 o( ' r ough'-he'wn'loKS In chocks, or short transverse 

, V , 

char"cil"terie', shar'cu'trl', n. [F.] Literally, pork- % ,"i *'. A <-vnrtnnld flah rrarinin rriiirnaaai tnnna wooden blocks hollowed to receive them, and so building 

^lSS^^ -." V la ^ r to " required height; used also adjec- 

er . 

char'liehTrsl. "SSSS 2X The'sMffenlng of the ^ O ' E ChaU8 ' ' [Turk ' ] Same a8 HOUSH ' Com P aro Cbro'p,,s, kt-[or ceI-]r,Vps, [Austral.] A peram- 
muscles In the leg of a baseball player, as from excessive ,,,"; rL,,. n ,,( .,,-._.,, rsn T 1 A caraneold fish the elold marsupial, the plg.footed bandicoot (Charopus cas- 
running. <r,7 tt Jr ,?r 1 ,K -d s'caci -I A voun^ tunnv tanoUs). [< Gr. chotros, pig. +poi,, foot.] 

a-ro'seth, na-ro'seth, n. [Heb.] A condiment of mixed -i L"i J -- ^ 

chasse"ma"r^e', shfls-maTe', n. [F.I Literally, tide. ghumfAndropogon Sorghum, var. certmus), largely cul- of bile in the blood; jaundice. [< Gr. choK, bile, + 

chaser; a coastlng-vesscl, generally lugger-rigged, used on tivated in tropical and northern Africa as a cereal, and nmma, blood.] 

the French side of the English Channel. occasionally grown in some parts of the United States clio-let'e-Hn, co-let'e-lin, n. Chem. An amorphous 

cha'tlian, Ha'thcm.n. [Heb.] Bridegroom. for the 6eed8i which are prii , ed as food , or poultry, yellow pigment (C,,H 18 N.,O,), derived from bilirubin as 

cliauf'Teur', shoffur', n. [F.] One who drives or failed also white or Egyptian corn the final product in the oxidation of bile-pigments. [< 

operates an automobile. chlck'sa, chic'sfl, n. The trailing tendrils of the crow- Gr - eholi < bile - + fetos ' end -] 

Cliaii-taii'quan.shQ-tS'cwan. I. o. Of or pertaining Derry lEmnetrvmmqrum), used as ifuel on some parts of eliolo-, combining form. [Additional terms, etc.] eho"- 

to Chautanqua, or the Chautauquan system of education, the const of \l'"ka lo-bem'a-tin, B. Chem. A pigment formed (n the bile 

W *, r,. ...K :_ , !!,! 3__ n. Lilt, COaSL Ol AUUUUk ^ ,!, .^n^ *^., ( !. l_!.l/s.. 

raised, leavened, or fermented: used commonly bv the He- 
brews to denote that leavened food which Is forbidden dur- 
ing Passover. 

!-tree(ffym- Clion"do-dcn'dron, cen'do-den'dren, n. Sot. A 
f, from its email genus of South-American climbing shrubs of the 

veietabi"e'pear"ln"M"adeira, chScho^" VOM" In stumpy or stump-like branches. Called I also chioot du moon8ee d family (Menupermacese). C. fmrolvulacevm, 
Jamaica, cliuchu In Brazil, and chayoti, chayotito, Canada. 2. The seed of the horseradish-tree (Monnga with acid grape-llke fruits. Is called the wild arrape by 
chayotl, and chayotli In Mexico. pterygosperma). [< F. c/ncot, dead branch.] the Peruvians, and the root of C. tomentosum Is the source 

cha'zan. na'zan, n. [Heb.] Literally, a cantor; In Jewish chid'dush, nid'ush, n. [Heb.] News; especially, gossip: of the true parelra brava. See PAREIRA BRAVA. [< Gr. 
synagogues, the reader at public service who formerly re- applied to new points in the Interpretation of the law. chondros, cartilage, + dendron, tree.] 

cited the Plyutlm, but who now conducts the entire service, cliigh, n. Zool. Same as CBI*. cliondro-, combining form. [Additional terms, etc.] 

au = ot; oil; lu = lead, |u = future; c = k; cburcb; dl = <Ae; go, sing, i^k; >; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, diine. <,/ron; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
|^" Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

cliopu 21 18 clinohedrite 

clion"<lro-it'ic. o. Pertaining to or resembling cartilage, turn and MHO wherry. See WAX-CLUSTER, under WAX. braces the regal-moth ( CUhe mnia regatii) and the impe- 
-choiidroiiic acid, an ethereal sulturk; acid derived chuck'y.cliuck/i. rial-moth (liuMonii imjjtrialte). CltH"cr-o-iil'a, n. 

from cartilage. clluudroltlii:iilturlc ncid:. ebon"- chu-e'tua, iitt-c tus, n. [Sp.] Literally, swine: an opprobrl- /. , r^o l-illm,-,, rithurn 1 
ilMi-muVoiil, u lliyniul. Cliem. A combination of ousepithet applied to a sect of Jewsof the Balearic Islands * g '' i.ifvi- .,Y/..|,1 ,7 
chondroitk- acid with a proteld. one of the components of that, while adopting Christian manners and customs out- ,..~ < , 11 *, o-nioia,. 

hyallnecartUage.-chon'dro-phore", n. (V.ncA. A proc- wardly. privately adhered to Judaic forms of life and rellg- clt'ral, sit'rul, n. Chem. An oily liquid (C, ni,O), con- 
ess inside the hinge of a shell which bears the cartilage ion. Compare MARANO. tained in geranium, lemon, and other oils. 1< L. citrus, 
that closes the bivalve. chu'mcBh, uu'mcsh, n. [Heb.] The five books of Moses; citron- tree.] 

cho'pa, <-ho >, [Sp.i A flsh {Kyplimu* eltaaml of the the Pentateuch: a popular name. clt"roii-el'la, n. [Additional sense.] The horse-balm, 

tropical American Pacific coast; a rudder. tlsh. clio'pa chn'pa. Chn'pa, n. | Philippine!!.] [Sp.] A measure of ..i,/,.., ,,!,,,, lii'ro fpn it fhtm 

iiii-H-ril'la. a flsh i AV/,/,,, i,,,-i*,,r,. found In Cuba, capacity of about twoithlrds of a pint. P comDoundor citricacidandDarti' I'enetidin C II Xt V 

c. blanca. a flsh ( Ki/uluaun .v.r,M(nn. found in the chnn'ua HiTna n fHeh 1 A canonv or huldnrhln he Compounuolc trie acia aim pani-pnentliainH-,,H s .MJ,). 
West lndlc8.-c. spina. a sparokl flsh , /^f/orfon rhom- nt-atl? which Jewish services of marriaKC are conducted atfht medicine as an antipyretic and antiueuralgic. 

buirlex} of the Atlantic coast of the United states. .i.m.i. \ .Uit;,,,,.,' ..h, ih., r ,.\. at a~nt [< CITRIC + PHENYL.] 

Ch wl!'h b r"l;-or C bar'lev "' lTUrk - ] Muuon - broth "*"ed "^^^"ctai^^lA ta^S^ttaArtof cl-lrul'lln, si-trul'in n. Chem A yellow amorphous 

rb,,",-l iin'nl i en-re n mfnl n ftr/Jo; < m e . i Union of 1TO7. having Presbyterian tenets and government resin obtained from the colocynth-plant (Citrullvs colo- 
" J..T-U. .-|V : _, ' """<" same as support and patronage. cynthis), and used m medicine as a purgative. [< CIT- 

f!lin"pl i..|'a Isr r.vri 'n Knr la / TJn/ 1 A chutz'pah, natz'po. n. [Heb.] Literally, presumption: RULLUS.] 
: ibcl" of the ru^tM^ emV'racinilhe A*d S!S J ' :W ' > ' """'^ 8P ' rlti 8elf - rellance i nlso - "Sgres- clab^ber- y^, ^ clab'sr-l, a. [Dial., Eng. & Anglo-Irish,] 

, p, ii^L , p i] , ' iciiiicL, me Luiiv-cuiuiiu^ vrutouk. waters anu used lor me or 

i'hisjov Called also renninogen. [< Gr. ckymos, juice, + INO- gallons concerning them. 

L. CARROLL Through the Luokinyglan p. 25. [HACK. >85.] .GEN.] _ ... . _ cl ?.'J'l? < :!? n 5. h i ' clSr ' shaH ' " dr.] A harp, clalr'seaghji 







niipri'imi<Ti4v n - "T flowers becoming a loose ra- 

'lirii'm.- i i \>iditini nhi- pt<- 1 > -k r iw, .., CI-cho"rI-a'ce-ie, si-cO'ri-e'sg-t or -o'ce-6, n. jrf. Bo<. ceme at the top. C'. pvlcheUa with large purple, vary- 
bf-rrv the' California honv V/S-V.mriir urbMfrtmf A B rou P of P lants regarded b/some botanists as a dis- Ing to rose-colored or white flowers witK d-pf y 3-lobed 
Called' also chaiuiao and lolioii ^CCTOYOX Christ'- tinct order the chicory family but usually recognized Petals, and C.cltqant,* taller species with entire petals, 
miiKtbush". n. [Austral.] A shrub (Ceratopetalum as only a tribe of the Composite, known as the ligulate- J^M . J i. an n. ^"f''" kl "j" r '.' ',"/"' i atl n - r . The or 4 known 
oamn.iSrrHm, of the saxifrage family (SaH.fraaactte',. flowered division (Ligulifonf). See CICHORIACEOUS. K CT^L r s exnlo?eri Cg t<ta P t - 

Free TwdS^nJl'Tntes' ] e ^% '"st'r^ U sa 1 m"e" t as , [ 1 G ';> :i ' M ><< M ^ cla^eMTi'a'Mon, cFa^Mlze'shon, n. Same as OV.NA- 

CHR^TM i.Rriii" 3 ^ in \>J Vpainri ft ft re t2S S cle ' nlnc> sic'o-nam or -nm, a. Zool. Stork-like. TIOX. 

pohutukawa See poiu-TtKAW^ Same as CICONIINE. [< L. riomia, astork.] cla'vo, cia'vO, n. [Sp. Am.] Iron ore; In Mexican mine., a 

< li ri. io li ,1-ii, cria'tn-hi^iit n vsmrni A d,tii. -clde, -said. Terminal form, meaning (1) killer, mur- mass of rich ore. 
* whlt'e ^icTn'dioxid" I'C^t'cTysJSizeT'in ftfS *[, tfjtf"*" 1 ' " V ^W S-^' (2) the "ifmbs o'r'knofs ' "' ^ r ^ ! '- "*** ' b ' e W " h Ut 

.hro^r.t 8 D -h 8 He ' Tro fe 7 3S* '"t'" fa. <*%&%&? SS - o .^Sf k C 'o'nlpare SWAMP- cleaX^fe. . [AustraLJ A ,easc of iand for a stio- 
cliro-innl'o-phile, cro-mat o-fll or -fall, a. Same aa QrM ulated period in compensation for the labor of clearing It. 

CHBOMOPHIL.IUS. (< rHROMATO- + Gr. plated, love.] cla"a-rete'.bee'tle n Entom A beetle (Lasio- clear'.skin", n. Same MCLEAN- SKIN. 
ehro mat-op-tom'e-ter, cro"mat-op-tem'e-tcr, n. derma serricorne) whose larvaj infest and work injury to clcav'agenu"ele-u, . . Embryol. The final stage 

Anthmp. An instrument for ascertaining deficiencies in dry tobacco-leaves, and to cigars and cigarettes of fertilization after the fusion of the male and female 

color-sense, as color-blindness. Compare CUROMATOP- cfgu-a-te'ra, thi'gO-a.te'ru," [Sp 1 Med A complex pronuclei and immediately preceding segmentation. 

TOMETRY. [< CHROXATO- + OPTO- + -METER.] of symptoms resulting from eating the poisonous fishes In- deck, cltk, tit. [Dial.] 1. To seize; clutch; catch with a 

made from different plates for each color produced by the KINETOORAPH: the term in general use m France: ap- lists. See OBELISK, n., 2. 
"' ' 

- . , ., . 

collodion process. cliro"ino-iiierp', n. JIM. Acorn- plied especially in this country to a form of apparatus cler'i-noi, cler't-go,n. JPhlllpplncs.] A secular clergyman. 
pom-nt atom of the chromosphere of the germ. plasm. Same introduced from France for making a continuous record clcr'i-so 2 , n. [Porto Rico.) A tyrant flycatcher Cfi/ran- 

[< SI Ct-k-1 i ci'e"C i '.ri,'dron,c,f [o ,c,e-]ro-den'dran, n . Bot. A 
sin'e-mo-grgf, . Mtar . A va- ^ 

<Gr - /in ^- movement - + 

o,, . ,<; ur . curoma, coior ->- -METER ~.~-~, , ...-... , ,.. ^,^,.. ^ ..uum ^..ii-.i, navmg Bty1 ?, a !5 d follr 'a m n8 long-exserted and globose or 

chronL, 3^33?-I IPfat , ter T ] - ftss^^f like lemon - aBa i aafaftsa &*? w S2 li w 5 J ? A ar5^s?AKSa 

ffi*fflPffiLS^KMl?SaK^?S-:. 5, ^^..Ap.easant camphora- fffjaSjAS^^JSS&^SSfS^t 


genus of herbs of the melanth family ( Velanthacex). Itt . T 1 "' ringperaliar to Bethlehem i. > .il CT Wedding-ring; it i. . 

one species, C.miuaaoxtcum, the fly.polson, has long been Kf ^ anc l rf %?i"C ^ n , ri , .?'; "r with pendnnt. , a; Jis worn upon with alternate serrated or serrulate deciduous leaves, 

known as AmlantMum muxaetoxicum. Sec FLY-POISON, Sf A So ?^ RLES DtDLKr WABNER in the Levant ch. , p. small, fragrant white flowers in terminal racemes, and 

2, under FLYi, n. [< Or. chrot, surface, color, + sperma, ;*' w- " "-J capsular, subglobose, 8-celled, many-seeded fruit. Of 

<!.] [< L. CTn<ruJm.- seeciNorn-l'M.] about 30 specres, natives mostly of South America, two, 

clirj-n'a-Hne, cris'Q-lainor-lin, o. Entom. Partaking cln'BU-la"led, sl(i glu-le tgd, a. Zool. Same as CINOU- C. alnt/olin, the sweet pepperbush or white alder, and C. 

of the nature of a chrysalis. [< CHRYSALIS.] 7 r* IH' aciimiuatd, the mountain sweet pepperbush, are found in 


hrya'a-ztn, cris'a-zin, n. Chem. A dioxid of an- MaUiaea. [< CIRCI-.M- + PALLIUM.] phylla, of the cyrilla family ( C'yrillace&\ with alternate 

thraquinone. [< Gt. chrysoi, gold, + azfos, lifeless.] clrro-, combining farm. [Additional terms.] clr"ro- evergreen, oblong, smooth leaves and many fragrant 

<-lirj 'iii. cris'in, n. Chem. A coloring-matter (C,. ttl'um.n. Mttenr. A stripe of a cirrus cloud. cir"ro- white flowers in terminal racemes. It is found in the 

H, O 4 ), found in the buds of the black poplar. [< Gr! ^X.S,~ A ,,,' !"h<. S''?.;, Jrt hv e . Ca V 8 '; <1 by ? cirrus cloud as coast region of the southeastern United States, and Is 

chrums. gold 1 S?S? ,, vJ, S, A < ^ , nimbus coud.-cjr"ro- known as buckwhcat-trce, ironwood, till, and black till. 

^ 1 ^' 

VS. , ' Known as nacllowood from the fitness of the hard durable wont: also, one w no Holds clmici 

I'B ,, i >en8 f. 8 -l ! t slan K. WesternTJ. 8.] C.cau55(.imnd he giving of clinical Instruction. 

,i rr si A ,..11 ,/ C. cy ? nyjrpm, are In ornamental hothouse cultivation. clIn'I-clKt, clin'i-sist, n. A student of medicine and 
H, U.S.] A c 1 to [< / fr. kttliara, cithara, + xylon, wood.] CUli"ar- surgery by the bedside or in the presence of the patient. 

clink, 71. [Additional sense.] [Slang, Eng.] A prison. 

.ofa, arm, ask; at, fare, accord; el S mnt, r = ovr, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, | = renew; obey, no; not, ner, atom; full, rttle; hot, bflrn- aisle- 
to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference in to the main vocabulary. 

cl.nopliaeite 8119 condol 

....-, ..,. -j u- . coc it"a-tiel', n. [Austral.] Same as COCKATEEL. the condor, see table under COIN. 

/ledra, seat.] . coek"a-too', n. [Additional compound, etc.] coek"a- co-lo'ni-iil goose. [Austral.] A boned leg of mutton 

cllii"o-phie'lte, clin'o-fi-Qit, n. Mineral. A vitreous " 00 , =bll , h ,,, , riastraLlTheWaeberrv-treeiJftoJwrum stuffed and roasted 

dark-green hydrated potassium-alummum and iron sul- J" r " ",'," ' See BH-EBERRY*. l.-c. fence [Austral.], a c-ol"o-lll-za- bll'I-ty, cel'o-ncu-za-bll'i-t], n. Thu 
fate ((K.Na),Al.,(l<'eO)s(SO 4 ) s .8HjO). that crystallizes in fence built by an Australian cockatoo, or small farmer, of quality or condition of being colomzable; as, the colom- 
the monocliuic system. [ < CLINO- -j- (jr. p/UUOt, dusky.] logs and brush. zability of tropical regions. 

klin"o-l>liie'ilfi. cock'.-eyed" bob. [Slang, Austral.] A thunder-storm. coro-nl"za-bl(e,cel'o-nai"za-bl, a. Capable of being 

-lin"i, 7i>if'Itp clin'o zeis'ait n Mineral A roe-red cock'eye" pi'lot. Either of two North-American colonized 

varietvof 'pidote'(e'a.,AI^A10H')(Si0 4 i,), that is nearly fishes: (1) The ; black : pilot ( s lencostictus), co i/ o . n}% . [Additional senses.] Bot. 1. Two or 
related to zoisite in composition, and crystallizes in the found m the West-Indian Islands; beau gregory. (2) more un j ce llular algie held together by a mucilaginous 

ES, tt t . c <^+^ JK&SSJ^^*&'fib2i. 

C oV 1 p1 "n a he C ; b n s ^"toe Si, SLl/ C&ASL'Sfc e &A^^^^^^^ f9 e ^^ co^t&ac'ti-a, cC'lo-prac'tl-a, ,, Mea. Same as OOLOT- 
short, creeping rootstock, 2 to 4 oblong, broadly lanceo- orbiculari*), common In the West Indies. ? Y '/, nni B 'tom) mp rmm-oMv 

late, radical leaves and a naked scape bearing usually an cock'rob"Iii, n. 1 . The male robin: usually as a pet c "-{* J~me as COL?XK ' 

umbel of flowers succeeded by berries. Two species, C. name in nursery-rimes. 2. [Prov.l The reflection of -'.,: j 2 [\dditionalphrasesl-fealheror 
6oaiisand C. umbellata, with blue and black berries, re- the sun from a pail of water. 3. [Prov.l A soft, easy fp...!,..,.,.,! co |'uiiibiiie, same as TUFTED COLUMBINE. 
spectlvely, are common In the cool woods and mountains fellow. -cock=robin shop [Slang, Kng. & U. S.], a small <..!, ,,,,'' ! -II'" ail-ate co-lunVbo-toi'tan-et, n. 
"' the eastc'rn I nlteffl Mates. cheap printing-office. fihcm 4 

A genus of the lobelia family, so named by Douglas, C0 ck'=schnap"per, n. [Austral.] A young schnapper; the k""Jj h j 
t now known as Doicmngia. L< De Witt Clinton, Am. fry of the schnapper. I" a ' "-; 


ell-nit re', cli-niur', n. Angular position in space, as of a comb, as some cultivated varieties of the strawberry. eeries of limestones covering nearly all Mexico, and most 

line or vector; inclination: term invented by Prof. James cock'=spar"row, n. 1 . The male sparrow. 2. Fig- < x *s- 

rtne maps connecting different points where the current SEffleirf 'syllables 1'Ss'',,. Any-nothorthe^^,. '"S ^L ^^,0^^^ n M , an d , ^?- ^^ * 1 A meal, espedally 

Clotll,n. [Additional compound.] la'dy s.clolh", n. like them admit of numerous varieties. Annual Rfp. U. S. Coast com /| 1ME va [Additional phrase.] for the eoming 
A fine llght-welghted woolen cloth, suitable for women's Survey, June, '67 p. 336. [GOV. pro. OFF.] out [Eng ] (Finance) for the date of Issue: said of stock 

outer garments. co-cu'ro, co-cu'yo, n. A scleroderm fish (Xanthich- contracted for prior to Issue, at which time payment is to 

cloths, cladhz, M. Plural l of CLOTH. ( . rtn _ <M j ranging south from the West Indies, one be made. In the United States, a contract for stock so pur- 

cloud'scape, claud'skep, n. A picturesque view of 0^ trigger-fishes. [Sp. = GLOW-WORM.] chased reads " when Issued." 

the clouds. ,.,/> *i.. 11 im'tl^n rAMpc li nA'shim n Marrnefzsm co-mi'ti-iim, co-mlsh'l-um, n. [CO-MI Ti-A,it>i.] [L.] Horn. 

clo'ver, . [Additional compounds, etc.]-clo'ver. h * c ";": n " : '," f ,V P ..Si f rtp?ii n ?Hnn T^- i Hist. The place of meeting for the comitla in the Forum 
fern",n. [Austral.] Same as NiRDOO.-c.=leaf midge. The complement of the angle of declination. \_< co adjolnfng ^ Sacred Way at the foot of the Capitol. See 
a small, white- or orange-colored ny (Ceciilomyia trifolii) + DECLINATION.] COMITIA. 

which Infest* the leaves of the white clover. c.=seed co-de'ia, co-di ya, . Chem. SameascoDEiN It [a statue of Horatms] stands in the Comirmm 

inidite, a small fly (Cecidomi/ia leguminicola) which Is Co"dl-a;'um, cO"dg-t'um or -e'um, re. o. A genns of plain for all folks to see 

destructive of both red and white clover. c.stree, M. A shrubs of the spurge family (Euphoi'oiacesB\ nearly allied Horatius in his harness. 

"man-deer', cem'an-dtr', -at. [S. Afr.] To force 
lilitary service; conscript. [< D. kommancteren, 

destructive of both red and white clover. c.stree, n. A shrubs of the spurge family (Euplwrbiacex), nearly allied H 

Tasmanian tree ( Goodenia laHfolla) of the goodeniad fam- to Croton, but differing from it in having numerous sta- 

lly (Oooileniacese). Called also native laburnum. mens j n the male flowers, and no petals in the female. com"m 

Htenlndle c., an Australian fodder.plant (Trigonal a Tne consists of 8 or 4 species, natives of the Moluccas into mili 

eastern umujQ =i i=r tuc t u,,.u 8 U1 = ^, UF . ^ . vntrrM, '"wwhlcTpersons; wtmdS not exercise it'he functions of part- 

[^JSSiS CaUed al8 MeXiCnn C Ca co"dm'I.nnt?c -dem'i-nant, a. Arboricvmre. Des- "ft ^IffggSS t f h U eTr S inv n e d stm e en fl t nanClaIly re8I>0n8lble 

lo v, clei, n. A plastic cement mixture: appnea to any zoo;, same as UOSLELMIXTHA. " " " =- = "- 

clav not a natural clay cee-len'ter-Ic, st-[(wcei-]len'tsr-ic, a. Zooi. Of , per- tending from Wyoming along the east base of the Rocky 

oach. [\ddltionalsenses.] [Austral.] I. vi. & tl. To taining to, or having a coelenteron. Mountains into Colorado, containing a rich land fauna of 

allure by a decoy: use a decoy. II. . A tame animal, as cae"li-ot'o-tny, st'11-et'o-ml, n. Jferl. Same as CELOTOMY. mammals and reptiles. They are referred either to the 

a horse or bullock, used as a decoy to attract wild animals coffee, n. [Additional compounds.] coPfee*ber"ry, Upper Jurassic or Lower Cretaceous. 

of the same species. n . The Tasmanian coffee.plant (Coprosma Mrtellal. c.t co'moid, cO'meid, o. Meteor. Comose: applied to the 

coach whip'sbird". Same as WHIP.BIBD. coacu'inantl bnsh.n. ANew Zealand bush.karamu ( Coprosmo lucitla). (] etac hed portions of cirrus known popularly as mare's- 

coach'swhip"t. . c.sulnnl, n. 1. In New Zealand, same as COFFEE-BUSH". , ,, r T r - j,nmf hsir 4- eidns form 1 

coal'ei'g. col'srz, n. pi. [Colloq., 0. S.] Finance. Stocks of 2. In Tasmania, the native holly (boprosma A(rWte). ' nl18 ' A r- *T,' ?? *" "" i J "f""^.r 

the anthracite coal-carrying railroads. co-ion', co-gen', n. [Philippines.] A tall rank grass (7m- com-pa'cho, csm-pa'chO, n. [Porto Rico.] A goatsucker 

coal'=fit"ter, . [Eng.] A coal-factor. See FACTOR, n., 1. perataarundinacea), plentiful In dry localities, used for (Chanleiles minor). 

coal'=lack", n. Same as SLACK", n. fodder, and sometimes used for thatch. com'pa-ra-bll"i-ty, cern'pa-rd-bll l-tl, n. Compara- 

const'er, . [Additional sense.] [Slang, Austral.] A loafer. Co / Kon . a |. co'gsn-al, n. [Philippines.] An area covered bleness. 
coat', re. [Additional phrase.] earthqaake coat [S. with a growth of cogon com'pe-tent,a. [Additional senses.] Geol. l.Combi- 

Am.], a coat containing many pockets In which provisions Co'hen, co'hcn,)!. [CO-HA'NIM, pi.] [Heb.] One of the re. n ing sufficient firmness and flexibility to transmit pros- 

sheep In a pen for shearing. 2. [Austral. | AtlsnofjNeW line uicmnn, !)""=', "' "^""""e ^" ""V":," "!'."" ' ' ncnm VLVUIUIU r- "~ !-' 

South Wales the fortescue? 3. The common kUllnsh. See impact of an electric wave or under some similar circum- com"p]e-men'ta-ry, a. [Additionalphrase.] com- 
KILLIFISH. stances : so called because of the generally received ex- plementary rocks (Petrol.), the diverse dlfferentia- 

cob'bra, ceb'ra, n. [Austral.] The head; skull; top: an planation that the electric stimulus brings about the tlon products of one common magma. 

aboriginal word, cob'rai; kob'ber-aj; kob'rat. increase of conductivity by causing the particles of the Thus, some camptonites and bostoniteB in Norway are thought to 

coc'cold, cec'eid, a. Like cocci: applie/1 to certain powder to cohere. See COHERER*. l >e di ^ t ) ti ^-^^ '""-"^VJSi;,; Sel^s 

forms of bacteria which tend to be round inform; coc- co-her'er, co-hir'er, n. Physics. A device for exhibit- f e im'i ?736 7oov l?o OFF 'A 
ciform. [< coccus + Gr. eiefos, form.] ing or utilizing the phenomena of electrical coherence " */ V* 'rAdd'itioiinl sensp 1 Fler To ar- 

Coc"co-lo'ba, cec"o-lo'bQ, n. Bot. A considerable (ale COHERENCE*). When used as a receiver in wireless C -P""?S^ ^ 

genus of evergreen trees or climbine shrubs of the buck- telegraphy It Is a small glass tube about 2 Inches long, fitted r gf t lit v , mdi ngs 101 tne n, O-magnet in u uj ,1 mo; so 
wheat family tmvqonaceas), peculiar in its pulpy perianth with twin silver plugs, separated by a slight Interval, and that it will be excited by a shunt and a series 
snrrnnr lini thu rmpfrnit Of its various snprieR natives hod ng between them several hundred minute fragments the same time. [W.J 

auhfron ia'l \mrri sTvorll are iS orna- of nlcEel and silver, which under the action of an electric con'clm, n. [Additional sense! A thin translucent shell 
ment Tstm-p cul va ton rTJifrra the seaside Erin? wave cohere and become good conductors, but by a slight used in the East Indies for window-panes, etc. 
"4^'rane o? sAsId? m wi I dark-b lie s'w t ef actdu- shock are made to separate (or decohere), thus breaking the con'cho=Bra8s", cen'cho-grgs', n. Same as COLORADO 

s wlVhie berrtS vi, 1 ti varletv of k n ,' from its l.ark circuit. Compare DECOHERE*. ORASS. See under GRASS*. 

ySM^SS^^^^\^am\V,^t^i^SoiJ^SS.e^f'Ja^^- SameasKisuTCH. Con"cho-phyl'la, cen-co-.fll'a, n. pi. Crust. Same as 

^&^^^^^^Cf^S!u^^l^^tul / h9W, co'huu, n. [Bermuda.] Same as CAHOW. co'- CONCHOSTRACA*. -cou"clio-phyl/lan, .-con"cho- 
plum. are common to southern Florida and the West Indies, howet. phyl'lous, a. 

f< coccus 4- LOBE 1 Coc"co-lo'bi* coiffeur', cwQ'fOr' n. [F. A male hairdresser Con"cho-stra'ca, cen'co-stre'ca or -strg'ca, n. pi. 

Ao'., Ilr o, ^c-vnlif'pr, itnt R M Hn ff coin'=8il"ver, . [U.S.] The alloy of silver and copper CrusL A section of phyllopod crustaceans with the body 

coc"cu-lirer-ous, ce-c yj-llf er-us, a. Bot. Bearing W |,| c h in the United States Is accepted as the legal standard re<Tnrti\e within a bivalve shell-like cover including the 
small berries; cocciferous. f< coccus + L. fern, of fineness for the silver coinage, counting 90 per cent, of Sff' 1 ^!; "'"t* {< c , -toM/il hdi + o""S 
bear.] the former metal to 10 per cent, of the latter. lAmnculmt#, etc. [ < ur. kouciu, snui, -f- uukun, 

coch'i-neal=cac"tus, M. [Brit. Honduras.] Same as COCH- cokc^, n. [Slang, Southern U. S.] Cocaln. she 11.1- coil c lio-stra 'c: ail, a. &n. 

iNEAL-FiQ. co'ln=sced", n. Same as COLA.NUT. Coii-c-hyl'l-dse, cen-kil'i-dt or -de, n. pi. Entom. A 

coch"in-i'to, cech"ln-!'t8, n. [Sp. Am.] A teuthldold fish col'lc:wort" n The parsley-piert (Alchemilla amen- family of tortricoidean moths characterized by the origin 
(Xexnrus puitctatm) found In the Gulf of California and ^j of the fore wings at the outer fourth of thedistal cell. Itin- 

g. little south: a surgeon-fish. n.1lm etiffff Tiivpllina in or inhflbitinfr- RR arhori- cludesthe juniper web-worm (Chonclititix rutil<in<i). which 

co-chl'no, cs-cm-no, n. [Sp. Am.] A scleroderm fish "",/" e ,L e 'S e llini? UmlSin/HnhabiUne the shore) constructs a tuW for Its house by fastening together juul- 
(JialMes vetiita) found In the Gulf Stream and tropical parts collne (tree-dwelling), linllcoftnc (mnaDltmg tr. ire;. per , leayl . 8 wlth It8 Bllk . t< Gr . konchyle, shell.] 
of the Atlantic. [<L. cp, dwell.) , i, - n,.. con"eours', cSn'cnr', n. [F.l A public competition for 

coch-le'i-form, cec-li'i-f8rm, a. Bot. Cochleate. [< col-lec'tlon, n. [Additional sense.] Manege. The co prlzS-liors concours [F .1. literally, out of com- 
L. cochlea, snail, < Gr. /cochtos. shell-fish, -f -FORM.] bringing of a horse into the best position for riding, as petition: said of an exhibit that has received the highest 

OocIi"II-o-pod'i-dfe, cec'11-o-ped'i-di or -de\ n. pi. En- to angle of neck and general carnage of body, by pres- award of its class at a previous exposition. 
torn. SameasLiMAroDiD. sure of the rider's legs and gathering of the reins. con-dens'er-r, cen-dens'er-i, n. [-IES, pl.\ A con- 

co"cl-ne'ra, cO'thi-ne'ra, n. A carangoid flshfCizraflz col"Io-grapli'Ic, cel'o-gfaf'ic, o. Of, pertaining to, densed-milk factory. 

mnctus) found in the warm parts of the Pacific coast of or produced by means of the collograph. con-dlc'tlon, cgn-dic'shnn, n. Horn. Law. An nc- 

the United States. [Sp.. cook.] col-los'ra-pny, cel-leg'ra-fl, n. A method or process tion to prosecute a claim upon another to do or give 

co"ct-ne'ro, cO'thi-ne'ro, n. A carangoid fish (Caranx of manifolding written copy by means of the collograph. some defined thing. [< CON- + L- dictio(n-), speaking.] 
caballus), one of the jurels. [Sp., cook.] co-lo'bi-on, co-lO'bl-jn, n. Eccl. Same as COLOBIUM. con-dol', cen-dol', n. [Philippines.] A cucurbltaceons 

an = out: ell; iu = fd, JO = future; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ink; so; thin; Zh = aznre; P. bon, dttne. <,from; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main rocabnlary. 

condominium 2120 corallidomoiis 

plant ( Cucurkita asptra) the fruit of which U used for ma- coti"Mtib-slfit'en-ry, cen'sub-sist'gn-si, n. The state con-ve'ner-y, ce.n-vt'ner-1, n. [Scot.] A convention; con- 
king sweets. or quality of subsisting together. gress. 
"-'- --'- '' 

well. con-^umD'tiTe's.weed" Same as YERBA SANTA* hold conversation. 

con-flrm'ant, cgn-ferm'ant, n. A candidate for con- C oii"uiiip-IIv'l-ty cen'sump-tiv'i-ti n Same as coii'vert-lum, cen'vert-izm, n. The manner or the 
firmation in a faith er creed. COXSUMITIVENESS practise of making converts. 

ng folding. T . r , 

/ ha be hw> pd ' th I' t tent, gratification, or pleasure. catastropnism . 

, ,j"and""pidi"'rTtJ.. J. 'B. HILL (ieoi. jKwtutac, "ui con "*' lion, n. [Additional sense.] Ecd. co'ny, n. [Additional sense.] Any serranoid fish of the 

Series. Decade i vol. viii. 1901, p. 331. Jlom. Cat/i. The prelude to the canon of the mass: so genus Petrometopon; especially, P. cruentatus. See 

faultcc., n. fifol. Same as FAULT-ROCK. called in the Galilean liturgy because it is of the nature ROCK-HIND*. 

con-gon'ha, cen-gn'yu, n. [Brazil.] Same aa GOXGOXHA. of an attestation. co'ny-arert, n. A rabbit-warren, co'nyn-g'ert. 

rotl'gre-gailt, cen'ure-gant, n. One who congregates con-lex'tivce, cgn-tex'tlv, a. [Rare.] That weaves or en- coo'bali, cu'ba, n. [Austral.] An acacia-tree (.Acacia 
with others: a member of a congregation. twines together; as, a contertirt system or method. [< uiUcifolla). coo'bat. 

- \\rffii.. /, in >. -- - , - nm Hiiaiuy} ui iLuriitirt. .f. .-\ cum, HS ill me m .ill 

- which at any point is that of the conjugate diameter of the -I ZING. J I. t. To impart continental character or coo'pei-3, n. [North. Eng.] Same as COPER'* 
indlcatrlx circle at that point. characteristics to; make continental. II. i. To travel coo'per'ssnait", . [New Zealand.] The bulrush 

ron'uar-lte, cen'or-ait, n. Mineral. A yellow to through the continent of Europe. anyustlfotta). 

green hydrous nickel silicate (H 4 Ni,Si a O,n), that crystal- coii"tin-uen'iial, cen'tln-jcn'shal, a. [Rare.] Of non-es- co-op'ta-tlv(e, co-ep'ta-tiv, a. Of or pertaining to co- 
lizes in the hexagonal system. [< Or. xonnaros, ever- sentialorcontlngentnature. con"tin-ffen'iial-ne88,. optation. See COOPTATK. [< co- 1 4- L.o/^o, choose.] 
green tree.] k.m'nar-il. . con-tin'u-an-cy, cgn-tln'yu-an-sl, n. [Rare.] Same as coor-dait'cha, cnr-dalfcha, . Same as KUHnAiTCHA*. 

COB-nell', cen-nel', n. Same as MIDDLING, ., 3. COXTIXTAXCE 1. co-or'der, co-Sr'dsr, vt. [Rare.] To place or arrange coor- 

fii.i!r"iii lil,.u'i..rt n Attrnl i n ,' i,,t. i aicmin coll-tlu'u-Ist, cen-tln'yu-lst, n. One who adheres to dlnately. 
catur ' or maintains a theory of continuity or continuousness. coot'le, cflfl, n. [Scot.] A small wooden basin or bowl for 

con-si l'i-a-tiv(e+. a. Having power to counsel or ad vise. ~ con-tin"u-ist'ic, a. 

. 'part", c 

con-sist'entt, n. [Additional sense.] Existing simulta- coil'lract, n. [Additional phrase.] nude contract of a whole. 

neously or together with. connigfent aitc, maturity; (Cum. Law), a contract devoid of consideration, which cope*, cop, rt. [Prov. Eng.l To muzzle the mouth of, by 
the age, after growth, before decay lieglns. when not under seal Is legally void: technically termed sewing or tying: said especially of a ferret. 

con"ls-to'ri-ant, n. A Presbyterian or disciplinarian: nudum pactum. cope'matet, cop'mf't, n. 1. One with whom a person 

so called In the 17th century. coll-tracl'a-blie, cgn-tracfa-bl, a. Contractiblc; ca- copes or contends; an antagonist, a. A colleague or part- 

ron"m-tor'ic-alt, a. same as COXSISTORIAL. pable of being contracted; especially capable of being "" an a ">" associate. 3. An accomplice in swindling or 

rnn"HO-bri / iial, con'so-bral'nal, a. [Eng.] Having the acquired as a disease ' cozening. 4. A paramour. 5. A partner in wedlock, hus- 

< .iii'<i-ii:iii(-Isni. cen'so-nant-izm, n. 1. The em- pertaining to, or effected by contraposition. II. n. system. Annual Rep. U. s. Coatt Surrey, June, '>; p .491. 

ployment of consonants. 2. The order of consonants That which is distinguished by contraposition. cop'bead cep'hed n 1 A crest of feathers or tuft of 

pertaining to any language. 3. A consonantal arrange- con"tra-pro-vec'tor, cen'tra-pro-vec'ter, n. Math, hair on the head of ab'ird or an animal- a crested head. 

ment. An operator formed by substituting symbols of par- 2. [Dial., Eng.] A pointed or peaked head. 

con'AO-nate", cen so-nt , ni. [Rare.] To sound in sym- tial differentiation for the facienta of a contravariant: cop'per-a-slne, cep'er-a-sin, n A sulfate of iron and 

; consonant to or with * **?" mtroduced J Cayley. [< CONTRA- + PROVEC- copper resulting from the decomposition of copperpyrites. 

something. [< cox- + L. nono, sound.] TOI i;J 

water upon cloth; bestrew. 
con-plr"a-to'rl-al, csn-spir'a-to'ri-al, o. Of or per- 

taiping to conspiracy or conspirators. 

<> n-spi r'ji-t o- rj . a. 
con-flpue', cen-splli', vl. [-SPUID; -SPU'ING.] [Eng.] To '"contrasTi'ng"*^ 1 ' 2. Hence, Tu'decency or'filth in art or literature. [< 

spit upon with disdain or contempt: nonce-word. [< F. con"lra-tab'p-lnr. cen'tra-tab'yu-lar.a. Horn. Laic. Op- COPHO- + -LOOT.] 

coiupuer, < L. mmpuo, < con-, with, + spuo, spit.] posed or contrary to a will or testament. [< COXTRA- + Co-pros'ina, co-pres'ma, n Sot. A genus of shrubs 

con'pur.rate"t, n. Polluted: defiled. TABULAR.] _ or trees of the madder familv (A'uMdwa!). with oolvea- 

trce, an Australian coral-tree (Ervthrtr.a taperUHo) 

con-lrude't, vt. To press together, as books on a shelf. cor'ahbean", n. Same as FRUOLiTO*.-c..fern, ... 

<-<>ll-Klruo'tton-al, a. [Additional senses.] Oeol. 1. con-tund't, r(. 1 . To pulverize by beating, as In a mortar. [Austral. I An Australian fern (Gleichenla circinatin. 
Having courses and grades determined by the original !i. To bruise; inflict bruises upon. Called also parasohfern. c.ipea, n. [Austral.] The 

and still prevailing structure of the land through which co-nn'mer-a-ry, co-nltt'mer s-rl, a. [Rare.] Correspond- trailing scarlet kennedya (Kenncaya prottrata). 
it is flowing: said of a watercourse or of natural drain- lnK mime rl c lly. s the years of certain eras. [< co-i cor'als, n. (Philippines.] Same as CORRAL. 
TP Pomnare rowaimi'wwr /i * (v\ ' NUMERARY.] cor'al-er+, n. One who gathers coral; a coral-fisher. 

,a., aw. co-nu'mer-ous, co-nIQ'm$r-ns, a. [Rare.] Coequal in cor-al'ic. car-al'lc, a. [Rare.] Of the nature of coral: con- 

The vanoos streama that are led by the form of the new land to number. [< co-1 + NUMEROUS.] sisting of coral. 

eofa, firm, ask; at, fare, accord; elgment, fr = over, Sight, = usage; tin, machine, | = renew; obey, no; not, nSr, atom; full, rflle; bat, bfirn; aisle; 
JS~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 





Same as KORAN. 

.((."iiio-iMii-ri'ir, cez"mo-pei-et'Ic, a. Capable of pro- examination of baggage expedited through the custom- 

"^''iiii'i/f"~rAr'Wn~T 7 tn" A sriipnoid i (Hair duclng a cosmos; denoting the universal cosmic force house at a seai-ori tin landing Ircmi i abroad. 

c-or"bin-e'ta, cSr bm-l to, n. A sc noiu n*. [Otar- H L K KY t < TO8 ' M0 . + Grrpo/w, make. ] cou'vre-feu"; eu'vr-fO", n. [Archaic.] Same as CURFEW: 

dieUa ictstia) found off the Pacific coast of Mexico. \_< CO8 // mo _ zo /j sm cHZ'mo-zu'izin, n. [Archaic.] The theory the original French form. 
L. coi'bis, basket.] . that the cosmos has Individual life. cov'en, cuv'gn, n. IScot.} An assembly; a meeting spe- 

as trees from 90 to 120 feet high, branched only above, with cos >t 11B , roo t", ces't'us-ruf, . Same as PACHAK. 

trui'hal codes and was rnniplled In the eighth century B. C. 

~fivila~ot the West [< NL. cotonea = QUINCE*.] (Arum ;Hrf/fa*?>. cowaree, n. [Additional sense.] 

J: .,-.L-.., IC . U ,,,I co-tor'ra, n. I Additional sense.] A Porto-RIcan parrot [New Zealand.] The karaka. 

Chrvfotitportorictnsto). cow 4 , n. [Scot.] A bugbear, hobgoblin, or scarecrow. 

'la*, cet'u, n. [Philippines.] A fort made of coral rock. CO x'y, cex'I. a. [Slang, Scot. & North. Eng.] 1. Conceited; 
There i not a headland in the whole island that isnot surrounded arrogant; Ill-tonincred. 2. Restive: said of a horse, 
by a coral stone fort cotttu they are called from which, day in, crab 1 , n. [Additional compound, etc.] oralAhole", 
day out, year after year, thj natives have been accustomed to scan n j n Australia, a hole made by a burrowing land-crab or 

the sea. New York Herald Dec. 22, 1901, 2, p. 3. col. 1. cra wflsh and afterward enlarged by water from rains. 

cot'ter-ite, cet'er-ait, n. Mineral. A variety of quartz mi run N*O c., a small grapsold crab (Planes minutus) 
"' harboring in the sargasso-weed. swift c., an active 

yields a fiber for coarse cordage. 

also from C, ftebentena and C. macr< 

SKBKSTKN. '[ < E. & V. Cordus ( 16th cent.), Ger. botanists.! (Clfc 

Cor-dy-ceps', c&r-di-seps', n. Bot. A genus of pyreno- cot 
mycetous fungi parasitic on the larvae of insects 
or on certain subterranean fungi. On the for- 
mer, they produce club-shaped, usually yellowish 
bodies bearing on one part conidia and on an- 
other perithecia. C. militaris on caterpillars and 
chrysalids of moths is perhaps the most common. 
C. Roberteii produces the aweto of New Zealand. 
See AWETO" and Illus. below. [< Gr. kordyla, 
club, + L. capiit, head.] 

< 'or-lii'l h i-:i ii-<-*<| no", cr-in'thi-an-esc", a. 
Resembling the Corinthian style in architec- 

cork'ir, cSrk'ir, H. [Scot.] Same as CORK!, n., 4. 

cork.'* tree", n. The bat's-wing coral-tree 
(Erythrina vespertiiio): so called from its light, 
spongy wood. 

cork'wood.". n. [Additional senses.] 1 . 
The majagua (Hibiscus tiliaceus), 2. An Aus- 
tralian shrub (Ditboixia myojwoides). 3. A 
small New Zealand tree (Enfelea arborescent) of 
the linden family (Tiliacese). 4. In southeast- 
ern United States, a small tree (Leitrtcria 
Floridana). See LEITNERIA*. S. [Scot.] The 
white cork boletus (Boletus nivalte or suber- 
o#u#) growing on tree-tnmkg. marsh cork- 
wooif, the alligator-apple tree (Anona paluntria) . 
Went = Indian c. t the corkwood cotton 
( Ofkrorntt ZoffQpiM). See under COTTON. 

rorm'old, cSrni'eid, a. Resembling a conn. 

[< CORU + -OID.] 

corn'*eat"er. cSrn'-it'gr, n. One who eats com; 

specifically, a civilized North-American Indian: 

an old nickname. 
cor'iie-In, cer'ng-in, n. 

The organic base of the 

skeleton of Gorgoma 

and certain corals 

WSo'* 44 ^B^-'l I'' \-^- ^* <* owum vi. ^i nun.' , v, j" > .1 .11 !, . JiTUfT/UftK/llltU) WlllI miaurait; UUllUtS uniLt:u uy BULUIC VULII ** the baobab (AdOnftOtltft (tiflttfltC 

corneas, horny.] ,..-, adjacent elements and without postorbital bare, including cr e.a.toih'a-itou, cre-u-tefu-gus 

cor-iie'ta, cer-ni'ta, n. A tropicopohtan flstularioid flsh th ^ madectidai and I'ario/whiilse. cot"y-lo-sau'- CBEOPHAOOUB 

(f'Mitlaria depressa). [Sp.. horn.] 
ror'iii't-lisli". n. Any of the fistutarioid fishes. 
corn':fed", cSrn'-fed'. n. Fed or fattened on grain; flgura 

lively, well fed. 
corn / !inay"weed, n. The scentless wild camomile (3/( 

triairm i/wdiinir. naturalized In parts of theUnltecl States. ^ --- -, - , ... __ . v 

cor"nii-co'pl-ate,cer-nu-[or-mu-]c0'pi-ct,a. Shaped cou-t'a, ctt-t'a, n. A catostomoid fish (Chasmtstes cu- mac ,ji a i, IK ) t found in the Northern and Central htates; 

like a cornucopia; as, a corwucopiate shell. jus) of Nevada, one of the suckers. the horned dace. 

oor-o-na'<lo, cSr-o-na' [Sp.] Acarangold flsh of the cou-lisse', n. [Additional sense.] |F.] Finance. In Paris, cree i/j HB , cril'lng. n. [Scot.] An old-time festivity fol- 
.eutral bar, as 3! lalanM or S. the " curb " market: so called because operated under the !'.',{ aimirriag* when the yonng men would each In turn 
winds'' that Is, the colonnade of the Bourse. carry round a creel or banket of stones while the girls pur- 

.r-o-nel'i-fSrm, a. Zoot. Having cou-lis'-sjer', n. . [F] ^Finance In Paris, a t th one who ca lgllt the fugitive being kissed by him. 

, creen, crin, n. I Loca ,. U. S.I . Same as CAHEEX 


a, stalk of stroma; b, perithecia. 

haying a pcculiar^metallic pearly luster. 

antiquarian Sir Hubert liruce Cotton (1571-1831): especially, stratum iclt in excavating, as a BII 
noting certain manuscripts chiefly relating to English his- shaft or chamber. oraiilK'lli- 

Armnodontla) with quadrate bones united by suture with 

, t { !lit ,, t a). 

Zool. Same aa 

-, -. . 
genus Seriola with a pale neu 

A schnapper, used as a standard of size In counting nsn in 3. The refleied ttonecrop (Sedum rrjtexum). 4. Mini 

co-ro'nl-um, co-rO'nl-nm, n. A supposed gaseous mar icet, a number proportionately larger than a dozen of o f two club-mosses, J.ycopoiltiim claratum and L. compla- 

element, lighter than hydrogen, first recognized an a con- those fish that fall below Its size being counted as a dozen. 

native fuchsias, are very common In greenhouse cultivation which a player waits for his adversary to make a weak or kreafi, flesh, + -OL.] 
under their generic name, correa, especially c. airainaUa fatal move; a waiting move. cre'so-tate, crl'so-tet, n. Chem. Asaltof cresotic acid, 

or specinsa, with scarlet flowers. 2. [c-] Any plant of this co ,, D /| e< | pa. | Additional sense.! Taken together, as two .i,.-,,ii, ncid (Chem), a white, needle.llke corn- 

genus. [ < L. correus, partner.] horses entered in a race: a betting term. pound (CHj.COOH.OH.CHj), obtained by the action of so- 

<:or-res'si-eque, cer-red'ji-esc, o. Pertaining to, ooup'llllK. n. [Additional senae.J Sport. The length dlum and carbon dloxld on cresyllc alcohol. Its salts are 
resembling, or in the style of Antonio Correggio (1494- between the tops of the shoulder-blades and the tops of used In medicine as an antipyretic and antiseptic. 
1534), an Italian painter. the hip-jointB in a dog: used mostly in the plural to ex- [< CREOSOTE.! 

cor-re'o, cSr-rc'o, n. [Sp.] 1. A post-office. 2. A letter- press his proportionate length; as, long in the couplings. cre"ti-fl-cn'lion, crl'tl-n-kf shun, n. Phynol. S 



to have been originally brought. See LETTUCE. 
co***. n. Same as cogs'. 

nFur> " L^*" 1 * 11 ' 1 *' 11 ' f j * - k- - 

S.] (Mil.), a court for the trial of minor offenses presided anthrnno*, man.] 
over by the second ranking officer at any military post. crin'id. crin'id, n. 

au=out; ell; lu ~ fewd, |Q = future; c = k; church; db = lAe; go, sing, ink; so; thin; zh = aure; F. bon, dtine. <,from; t, obsolete; ^variant. 
t^~ Crose-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

cripple 2 122 cypraeologist 

*(((, i-iccit -p VTI . wte, i;ui, -j- rttGiiuit, uirutMirt:. j ~-j~ i 111 nu< *v, v;ui imi , . i\. vmfimuva ur^ mtusure lorilierij 

crlt'lc-al, O. [Additional phrase.] critical state The !*rger crystallitic bodies termed microlites ar* possibly to used In the west of England and in parts of MHH!I Wales. 

(AjMfot), an unstable condl.lon of a substance when on be conceived a built up from lonpilites. A. HAKKER Petrology [< W. crynog.] car'nockt; car'noktj cor'nockt. 

the point of changing from a liquid toa vapor, or vice versa, for Students p. 1U. [CAM. uxiv. PRESS M6.] cur'raiit. n. [Additional phrases.! native currant 

defined by it* critical temperature and lis critical pressure. erys-tal'Io-type, crig-tal'o-taip, n. A photograph L Austral. I. anyone of various trees or shrubs or their acid 

Th u *...<,.. < .i .iv,. . * .. _*.!_..._* :_*._.. ,^ currant-like fruits; as (l)any one of several aperies of 

Copromna, especially C. Bullardieri; (2) any one of several 
species of Leptmnerifi, broom-like shrubs of the sandal- 
wood family (Santa laces y t (3) the cockatoo-bush or 

, ^. ..,.,.. K ..^, .-n,.wo|/uvtt<i. - - - . --- --*-- n glftss * blueberry (Myonorum serratnm); (-1) a shrub (Leuco- 

cro, crfl, . [Scot.] Same us WEROILD. croyt. an oil-painting or photograph; also, the method of pro- pogon Richei) of the epacrfd family (EpacrldacMB), com- 

cronk* a. [Additional sense.] [Slanjf, Austral.] Ill; said ducing it. [< CRYSTAL 4- L. oleum, oil.] mon in must parts of Australasia. plain c. I Austral.], the 

of a race-horse; hence, made to sham Illness by unscrupu- cten'id, n. & n. Ick. Same as CTKNOID, under CTKNO-. Tuit of Qrewfo polygamy a tree of the linden family 

lous jockeying. cii"a-dril-lf'ro, cQ"a-dri-lye'r6, n. [Sp.] A commander ( TOacw), or the tree. 

crop'piiiifiotit", n. Gtol. & JRMTO2. Same asotiTCBOP, n. of an anned band. cur'ren-oy, n. [Additional phrases.] emergency cur- 

cro|'piii, crep'ingz, n. pi. Geol. Outcrops of rock, cu-ar'ta. cQ-Qr'tfl, n. [So. Am.] SameasQriRT. rency (Finance), currency devised for immediate relief In 

The croppMff* are of a rusty yellow color F V HATDEV C T cu-ar'tel, cQ-Qr'tel, K. [Philippines.] A blockhouse. periods of financial panic or anxiety, and restricted to the 

S. Geol. Survey of the Territorfnp 47 [GOT pro" OFF '73 J cu-be'ra, cQ-be'ra, n. A lutianoid fish (Lutianus cy- passing requlremenu of the occasion. flexible c. (Fi- 

Mmv tuuclo. 1 1 il n ult:ll 1L in L unit ulfu Its It \ t K'lHNle WIH1 Illta t t\. -i^i wiw piiin.ii, im an a fKiiiu^ ill Ulan I up, tul t-l 

been Introduce as such Into England and the United States. or tne requiem-sharks. Is made with edges slightly curved, and is graduated. 

Called also choroui. cuck'oo, . [Additional sense.] [Austral.] Any one of curv'ougt, a. Curved; bent; crooked. 

croui'*beiirlt". cW-benerr. n. FRnff 1 Tn the HnnRe various birds similar -"-" '-- - - " -.".-. ~. - . - - 

,"," uc I""'" 5 cu-cu'yo, cft-cQ'vo, n. Same as LEATUEH-JACKKT, 1 (1) it'ic;. 

of the mam stratum which they help to compose. cnd'dy't, n. [Additional sense.] [Ir. 4 Scot.] A present cusk'.eel", n. Any ophidioid fish of the genus Oplwliwn. 

cross <strat'I-tted. a. In lieu of a meal and a night's lodging due a lord from his cut, . [Additional phrase.] to out a melon [Slang] 

cro'ta-llll, crO'ta-an, n. Toxifol. An albuminous sub- tenant; originally, the meal and the night's lodging, cod'- (Com.), to declare* phenomenally large shareholders' divf- 
stance contained in the venom of the cobra. [ < Gr. Icro- eight. dend, or Its equivalent. 

talon, rattle.] S59C?*iJS'.S' s \Si &?*f a iLS!?' a M R * BP ' TOD - . cu-'a. cfi-ti'a, n. Zool. An agouti (Damprocla\ 

crotch slick. In tailoring, a graduated measure used to cu h f,| ?^. k10 tat - "' t slM 8-] A 8W ul ser of a cue, as In cut'throat.lrout", . A salmonoid tish (tlalmo 

'" ' ''' 

((Fe Ms)SiO,) and crvetallizes in thp 

r body 

r oy 'ouse -. . 

crum'iiiy. . '[Additional sense.] [Slang.] Pretty; come- <"P. n. [Additional sense.] Golf. A small hole or cup- c ? "'a'-o-pHor'l-dte, sai'mat-o-fSr'i-df or kfmo-to- 

ly; In Kngland, plump: said of a girl. like depression in a course. eup'.cake", n A kind . , S ' " P 1 - A family of moths having the fore wings 

crush, n. [Additional sense.) [Austral.] In stockyard, of plain cake: so named because, as originally made, most w !dened a little at the inner angle and usually marked 

a funnel-shaped enclosure Into which cattle are led or of the Ingredients were measured by cupful**. cupsflow- with zigzag lines, filiform antenme. and well-developed 

driven to be branded. "~ " A - 1 "--' ------ ' * '-' */__^r, --- ..., B.. ,. . 





chryms, gold, + CREATTHIH.] 

._/__t _ __ _u 1_.L; . J i 

paniciea, scorp 
masses, and the fruit nutlets covered with barbed or 

crj'plil-o-lltc, crt'fl-o-lait, n. 

th structure tween two concentric layers of timber. 

- en l hott, . [Slang ] Overcome by the cup; drunk. 

Mineral. A variety of perthltc 

>fa, Orm esk; .t, fire, cc < >rd; ei e m fi nt, r = ov-, felght, % = uge; tin, machine, g = r>ew ; obey, no; net,' nSr^m; ful., rule; bot, bOrn; aisle; 
(*- cross-references to word, in the Addenda are indicated by .n asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

cypress 2123 delcgant 

cy'pre', n. [Additional sense.] The galingale (Cype- waters of the northern and eastern portions of the United the chief cities of Greece, to uphold the Spartan cause, 

rus lonatlf). black cypress, the bald cypress. See States after the battle of .Ai.'ospotaniOB. Compare IIEPTABC.HY. 

i, -> liili-aii c., a large (LU>wr<lru ' "' \'^ h ,; da < i r m'.';'i,\^l? M "" DBBVISH - [< Gr. dtkarchia, < delta, ten, + an-lw,,, ruler. J 

' press of the Island of CliIIoc. <!">*; DOS, . ame as DASSY. Hp-<--lv.' i-/ .ii>ii. 1 Vt,,,'i,,,< Tn 

nn"-nim'" ;, I \ustral 1 daubs. I. (. [Afr.J To present as a eft; hestow as a ae ' eive , Bt. LAO.UI nst.j fencing. io 


tftrugona) alllnl to tin- cyprew of the Island of Cblloe. Una, das . MDMSNZUUBT. de-relv*' T/ I \<ldit U nil H n* /. -)/. To^v 

<';i;Ml also nU'rce.-cy'urc-sw.-pine". [ -Vustrall dnMhs. I. vt. [Afr.J To present as a gift; hestow as a a f elve ( f; \*"? euist.J fencing. loe\, 

Any one of several species of Frenela, a genus closely gratuity U. n. A present; gratuity, dash'eei. 

cys'lo-scope, sis'to-scOp, n. Surg. A catheter with tion of the blood produced by overdoses of datura or in every 

a device for introducing light into the bladder to permit stramonium; stramonium-poisoning. See ATBOPISM. substance equal to one-tenth that substance's molecular 

of ocular examination. [< Gr. kijstis, bladder, -\-sko- dau'tie, n. [Scot.] Same as DAWTIE. weight. 

M& vtew.1 da'vach, dfl'vuH, n. [Scot.| Au ancient Scottish meas- deck'leiedge", n. Same as DECKLE, 3. 

ov"lo-tox'ln sni'to-tftx'in n Tn R rpstrirtpd SPTIRP a ure f land. It Is supposed to have averaged 416 acres, de-cli'ual, n. tliare.] Same as PECLINATURE. 

Qt^'ta'l^toB^Si'^&Cmc! '| ut , Pr h*" ly varied wlth thc ^''TacteTof the land! de"co-He're', dfco-htr', rt. [-HEBE,,; -HEU'ING.] To 

* * - - iiH'vociu. cause to cease cohering: separate; disconnect: used in 

I./,.. **'... mini T t ra^nt * v ft ^ i?- TP wireless telegraphy. gee COHERER*. 

A spark comes through the ether down the wire into the coherer, 
Vna 1 To fade or wither * * ~ .--- the particles of metal cohere (hence the name), the Morse instru- 

(whlch'see) and cytases (which see). da v n \ Volitional nhraso 1 nome dav TFno- 1 tm Ju ent P rillts ? d V?" d i*! 18 ta PP er , 8tl ' ike8 itrt littl( ' hammer aainet 

v tfhl'v + J , n. [_AUU] inrase.J i aay Lr,ng.J (j<t- tne g[ asg tul>e That ^low (J eco t iei . es the particles of metal, and 

,il V /; nance), thc third of the four days over which the fortnightly stops the current. McCluiv'* Kaoaxine Jiau '99 D 106 

cy'U-0-derm", n. Bot. See CTTODERM and quotation, settlement on the London Stock Exchange extends. Called f> _i_ *m i *J J! i" 

also i i < I, i r < r i \ L 1 "4" ~T -MIE.KE. j tic i u~ii vr i lit t% n. 

da'yan, da'yan, n. [DA'YAN-IM, pM [Heb.] In Jewish de"co-fcer'er, drco-hJr'er, n. [Recent.] Elec. A 

D theology, an assessor or judge who decides points of rah- mechanical contrivance used in restoring a coherer to its 

bjnlc law at ecclesiastical Wimnals.^ ^^ ^ _ normal state of high resistance after it has been made 

Jnal, dul, n. [S.-Afr. D.] A valley. 
i'an, dfl'fln, n. [Philippines.] A road: a Tagalog term. 

ab, dab, adv. With a dab; hurriedly or quickly. I..,,,..,-,,.,,.....,,.. ..v. iuJ . .v.,, ln . .. ^- > , 

ilu\l'itn. dflg'a, H. [S.-Afr. D.] Indian hemp ( Cannabis In- day'rule", de'ror, n. Eng. Law. Formerly, a rule or order i he act of restoring a coherer to its normal state of high 

dtca) used uy the Kafirs as a narcotic. of court permitting a prisoner In custody in the Ring's resistance as by the action of a decoherer; the normal 

da'uon-'. de'gyn, n. LLocal, Nova Scotia & New Eng.] A Bench prison, etc., to go ouuide the bounds of the prison state of a coherer; decoherence 
single ox yoked in shafts to a cart. LCp. OF. dagorne, one. for one day ay'writ"t. il<"col"le-taKe', de"civ.tej' or -tflzh', n. [F.] 1 . The out- 
horned cow.] dead, a. [Additional sense.] Golf. Without motion: line of the bodice of a dress cut low in the neck ii The 

diii'iiii-ate, dal'ml-et, n. The office or the territory of a said of a ball that does not roll after it strikes the ground, part of the neck and shoulders which Isexposed'. 3,'. The 

Daiiiuo. Bee PAIMIO. dai'mi-o-atet: dni'im-otet. dcad'sball", n. Qolf. A ball lying so near a hole that act of cutting a bodice low In the neck; also, the state of 

dal'Hy, /. [Additional phrases, etc.] Bril>ane daisy, a the player is sure to hole it.-d..blrd, n. A bird broken being decollete. 

small Queensland and New South Wales plant ( Ili'ucli i/come or killed by a marksman in trap-shooting: said In scoring; de"cuin-po'nUbI(e, d!"cem-po'ni-bl, a. [Rare.] Capable 

microcuriiHt nearly allied to and resembling the common hence, a certainty. d.*flniHh, . [Austral.] Any one of of being resolved Into Its elements; decomposable. 

Blgllsh garden daisy.- dai'y=bU8li",M. An ornamental various trees or shrubs of the genera Acacia and Albiala, de"coil-"-ost'lv(c <li-cHii-L'e-t'iv I a Mfd That 

New Zealand shrub ( Ulearia //() of the aster family especially Acitriu F<irnr*i,nnl and Albizzin I,,K,,II!I;,, which tends to n-lieve cm , , itimi i, A mraiirim. efticn 

(Comamllm): so called from Its profuse clusters of white l,y 'their 'dense growth form such an obstruction to the ^SJteJ ,,?'! A medicine efhca- 

dalsy-llke flowers.- native d., a Tasmanlan plant (Orach- traveler that lit? Is brought to a "dead-nnlsh" or halt.- , c i, ou8 ln reducing congesllon. 

ycome declpieivo. yellow d., the hairy corn-flower d.:inen'8:fliiKerg, n. [Additional senses.] [Eng] 1. " e con-id'er, dl con-sld jr. rt. [Rare.] To treat with 

(Kudbeckia Mrta): more commonly called black:eyed The wake-robfii (Arum macula turn). !i. The blrd's.foot , B1I gbt or too little consideration. 

Susan. trefoil (Lotuncorniculatus). 3. The meadow foxtail grass dec"o-ra'tion-ist, dec'o-re'shun-lst, n. A professional 

' ., ,,. . yielding a soft, close-grained wood, free from knots, easily ae-crwcence, Oe-crcs'fns, n. The process or aet 

- -=. d fl-' Q " [Philippines.] A maiden; young worked, and suitable for joiners' and cabinet work. rating or decreasing; the state of being decrescent. 

-i.i i : /if!!- l i. *i.,i ,- i> j ~~ i A deatli, n. [Additional compounds.] dealh'scup", n. de-cre'tal-Ist, cle-crt'tal-irf, n. Same as DECRETIST. 
, i L , ,'i ,S t f'n- ' 3 ff" eral ,: An iron See AMANITA ..-d.=dilty, n. Law. A taxon Inheritance, d^"creu"saee', de-crO-sflzh', n. [F.I The process of re- 
black silver sulfld that crystallizes in the orthorhombic falling upon the heirs executors, or assigns of an estate moving the gum, oil, and other foreign accretions from 
system, and is closely related to acanthlte. after the owner's death: especially applied In England to silk fibers or the like. [<K dicreiner scour < DK- + 

da'li-, n. [Ind.J Same as DOLLY*. those duties on a larger scale Imposed by Sir William Har- crettx, hollow.] 

dam', dam, n. [S.-Afr. D.] An artificial lake. court In ISM. de-cus'siont, n. A dropping or shaking down or off, as 

.I.i mm., i n. [Additional phrase.] black dammar, dealli^Nlgii", n. Med. An indication that complete or of fruit from a tree. 

a mixture of resins from many sources, mainly from Dam- somatic death has occurred in a human body. Com- de-deii'dum, dg-den'dnm, n. Mech. The part of a 

maraofflcinaUf (Aijnthia D<immaral pare DEATH-TEST*. Among those best known are tooth of a gear-wheel between the pitch-line and the 

da-inn'. do-mO, . (Philippines.] Grass used for forage: bavis's irn, pale or yellow arteries; Larcher'a a., bottom of the intervening space. _ de-den'dumsclr"- 

H iagai( rm ..-v,.,, , . .- gray cloudy dlscolorations of the conjunctiva;; Levas. cle, n. Mech. The circle formed by the ends of the teeth 

dam oi-seau', dgm wa-zo ,M. [F.] [Archaic.] A youth or gear's g., failure to draw blood by cupping; Ma guus's of a gear-wheel as they revolve. [1'erh. < L. dedo (gerund 

page, not yet knighted. a., tying finger tightly and observing If the tip becomes derlemluml, apply.] 

dHtllp'illg-ofT", n. A disease of young seedlings and red; Kipault'g a., external pressure applied to the pupil, ded"i-ti'cian, ded'l-tish'an, n. Rom. Law. A freedman 

cuttings causing them to fall over and die in consequence permanently changing its shape. barred from full citizenship because of grave offense com- 

of decay at or near the surface of the soil. It has long deadi'-tcst", n. Med. A method employed by physi- mltted during slavery. [< Or. dettilicins, captive.] 

been attributed to excessive dampness In the soil or air, or clans to ascertain if complete or somatic death has oc- aeep, a. [Additional compounds.] deep'=lnid", a. 

too great crowding of the plants; but it Is now known to be curred in a human body. Compare DEATH-SIGN*. Among Subtly conceived; carefully and minutely planned. d.* 

caused In most cases by certain fungi, especially the water- those best known are Balfour'g teat, the plunging of mouthed, ft. Possessed of a stentorian voice, or of 

mold fungus Artolrogm De Bnrvauiis (Pythlutn De Buri/- needles Into the skin over the heart with small paper flags S no wltu dce P and resonant quality, as a deep-mouthed 

onum), whose attacks are Invited and aided by dampness. which should Indicate any contraction of the heart muscle; hound. d. -maker, . [Austral. 1 A deep drinking. 

dulli'noil, n. [Additional phrase.] native damson Cloquet'a needle t., thc sticking of a bright needle glass, or the liquid It contains. 

[Austral.], a shrub (Nageia spinulom) of the pine family Into a muscle and leaving It there for a time; if it oxidizes, deer's'-inilk", n. Same as WOOD-SPURGE. 

(Coniferse), with an edible fruit resembling a plum. Called life Is extinct; Foubert's t.. cutting through an Inter- deese, dlz. [Dial., Eng.] I. rt. To dry herrings. II. n. 

also native plum. costal space and feeling the heart with the tips of the A place where herrings are dried. 

da'inur, diVmOr, n. [Ar.] A cotton cloth woven in lengths nngers de-fault'er, n. . [Additional sense.] On the London 

VSKS* yar<l9: 8 ' d ^ the Arab8 ' K rd0fan - ^^SSSinlSMP^-X^'it^^K^ hanU k r,S Change ' O " e "'"" fai ' 9 tO ""*' ^ C " traCt8; ' 

iluii'cin=iiiii"i]i-a, n. Same as DANCING-DISKASE. communion: applied in the Scotch Presbyterian Church to . ' ;,'',' /A 

dan'dv-c'art" dan'di cflrt" n tWn<,^ i IHml of deca-, coniMuini/ form. [Additional terms.] dec'a-fld, , JI i*- That which can reduce fever. 

loriiiL-.r-irt chipHv nPd hi m'iikmn S ' J dcc'Q-fld. a. Dcccmfld.-dec"a-lo'bate, a. Having ten de-fla'lon, de-fle'Bhun, B. 1. The act of deflating or 

aM^O^dta^^T&nSwra^nnBn lobes.- dec-a-n'tber-ous, n. Bot. Having ten anthers, the state of being deflated. 2. Oeol. Denudation by the 

a n'i[er!somr. IDlal] "auwSs D^OEROUS 1 -dec"a-par'tite, a. Btol Having ten divisions.- mechanical action of wind: contrasted with erosion in 

Ilaii'%l-ite?, Jan'leliolts. n. p S?me M KHLWTIK. JSprm"'n l ll!'" ' "' g Se ="- its restricted sense of denudation by water. 

The atmosphere works mechanically by denudation, or, as it 
has been termed, deflation. DANA Geology p. 159. [I. B. & CO. '95.] 

Kiyajs+K-tiKStn^r&wMKuuSZ. SirSMS! IU9 ' a ' 

Sh!i!!i?"w> 1 ,r! le ' dan .'8-m9r-ai.t, n. A variety of am- dec'a-dal-l'y, adv. In the manner of a decade, 
phibole which is essentja ly an iron-manganese-magne- dec'ad-arch, dec'ad-flrc, n. Same as DECAHCH*. 

skip of a stone on water. [Imitative; cp.' DAB.] the interior surface. de-gree', n. [Additional phrase.] square degree, 

dH|li'ltlte, d.if'nait, n. Mineral. A pearly dark-green de-cal'vant, de-cal'vant, n. [Rare.] Med. Tending to an area lying between two successive degrees of longitude, 

hydrated iron-aluminum silicate (H s .Fe, 7 A"L n 8i,O,,,) make bald; depilatory. [ < DE- + L. calviu, bald.] and between any two successive degrees of latitude that In- 

that crystallizes in the monocliuic system I < Gr' de<''a-'e"ter, . [Additional sense.] Verse consist- tersect them. 

daphnV, bay-tree.] ' ing of ten rhythmical feet. de-Ip'o-leiit, de-ip'o-tgnt, a. Having divine power; 

dare'all", dilr'Sl- n. Same as DREADNAUOHT de-canr'i- l ia''do, de-eanri-so'do, re. Same as DESCAMI- wielding the power of God. 

da-ro'elm, da-nVga, n. [Anglo.lnd.] Same as DAROQA j 8 */ "" : V n! , n<:n spelling. But Paul denounced a cnrae deipotent 

ilii-i-ii'uii h : : da-ru'gahi! di-o'gaj! ilro'aci-* dec'an, dec'un n. Astral. The ruler of a decanate; also, a Against him. 

dar'shan. dur'shon. L [DAB'SHAN ^M, p"' IHeb*]' Llt - decanate Itself. [< L. aeca,uu. chief of ten.] W. C. WILKINSON Epic of Paul vi, T 15. 

erally, interpreter: applied by the Jews to preachers who d f ' f arc Vh ' , ' f"^ A .9 omm . and f of ten ; in Greek t< L . aevs , god, + miend-)*; see POTENT.] 

expound the Scriptures. 1 'J 8to ?'.- J hl r ^ of tne oligarchy of ten established in de-jec'lille.^e-jc^tn, n. [Rare.] A missile hurled down 

dal-'ler, n. [Additional phrases.] manltou darter a 'he chief cities of Greece by Lysander after the battle of upon an enemy. [< DE- + L. facto, throw.] 

lake. perch (Percina carirndex zebra) of the middle western jEgospotamos, 405 B.C. dec'ad-arrlit; il.-K';i r< h : . de-laiii'l-iiate, dg-lam'i-net, v/. & ri. Biol. To split 

United States. teHaellated d., apercold flshof thegenus deo'arell-y, I dec'ark-i, n. [-IE8,/.] An oligarchy of into thin layers. See DELAMINATION 

Boleosoma, especially B. nigrum ulmntedl of the fresh dek'arch-y, (ten, established by Lysander in each of del'e-gant, del'e-gaut, n. 1. One that delegates. 2. 

uit=ot; All; lu=fd, Jfl = futwre; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ink; so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dflne. <, from; t, obsolete; J, variant. 
|gr~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 




Civil Law. One that assigns his own debtor to a creditor dernia- 

by way of discharging a debt. del 

de-lib'er-aiit,de-llb'sr-ont,. LRare.) One that deliberates, de 
de-lie'tum, de-llc'tum. n. I-TA.JB/.] Same as DELICT. 
de-llii'quellt, a. [Additional sense.] Of or pertaining 

to delinquency; due and unpaid; used especially in tax 

laws; as, delinquent taxes; a tlflinqt/ent list. 
de-lir'a-cyt, n. [Itare.] Delirium. 
dell'=bird'', n. [Austral. 1 The bell-bird. 
del'ta, n. [Additional compounds. 1 del'la-con-nec'- j^j.'/',,',;" 

Elec. A method of connecting the three-phase amorphou g c ' o j n p OU p ( j~(BiO,Hi6,), obtained by treating 

an acetic-acid solution of bismuth trinitrate with gallic 

delta, so that the three phases may be equalized by in- 
duction. d. sen rrent, n. Elec. A current flowing through 

a delta-connection. , 

del-tu'ri-um. dcl-tC-'ri-um, n. [-RI-A, pi.] Conch. One [ < DERMATO- + -OL.J 

of the deltidial plates. dcr'iiioid, der'rueid, a. 

del-thy'rl-uin, del-tht'ri-um, n. [-RI-A, i>!.] Conch. _i_ _ O1D i 

The triangular aperture transecting medially the cardinal der"o-lre' m 

area of a brachiopod shell. [< Or. dlR, visible, -f thy- t<)US 

Hoi, door.] 
del-tld'l-al, del-tid'i 

the deltidium. dellldi 

medially from the walls c 

tldium. hole. 

del-vaux'Ite, del-vSx'ait, n. Mineral. A brown hy- der'ry?, n 

drated ferric phosphate found in amorphous masses. [< _ grudge. 

Extending- both in right and left directions; as, the ilertro- 
l brunches of a nerve. 

acid, and used in medicine as a remedy, failed also ]>e-yeux'i-a, d-yux'i-a, n. A submenus of Calama- 
snllnle of bismuth and subgallote of bUinulh. grostl*, bv some botanists made a distinct genus. 

lmk, . Same as DHA\vK. 

i-nb'o-list, dai-ab'o-list, n. [Rare.] One who practises 
diabolism or engages in diablerie. 

te,der-o-trl'metor-mgt,a. Derotrema- 

. Of or , 

de-ment'i, de-ment'i, . [F.] diplomacy. An official de- 
nial of the truth of a report. 

dem'iican'ton, n. [Swlt.] A subdivision of a canton, or 
i small canton. 

[DKB'RIES,P;.] [Slang, Austral.] A prejudice; ^ palj5ed - thron - gh a ne gativch 

ack'nBs", n. The gray buteher.bird of Tas- [< DIA- + CATHODE.] 

cticia cinema) found near the river Derwent. di-n-cet'ic ac'id. Organic Chem. An acid present in dla- 

n. Pathol. The pres- 
[< Dl- 3 + ACETIC + 

Spanish beggar or ragamuffin: a name applied to the Spanish ence of diacetic acid in the urine, 
revolutionists of 1320, who corresponded to the sansculottes UREA.] 

iphiiinni ie<i i Tne action or -fa-olase, dai'a-cles, n. Geol. A line of rectangular 
eg, n. [1 [pplnes.^ 1 fracture: a term applied by Daubree to explain the fact 

that the lines of weakness in the earth's surface are per- 
pendicular to one another. [< DIA- -f- Gr. kl/it~, break.] 
dl-a-clas'tlc, a. 


of the early days of the French Revolution. -i 

des-car'ga, des-cQr'gg, n. [Philippines.] The action of "* 

de-mli'T-ta^rlze", dg-mil'i-ta-raiz', vt. To restore the unloading or discharging the ( 
civil government or organization in (a territory previously des'ert=tru m'pel-er, n. 
under military control); abolish military government in. (Carpodaois gi(hayineus). .IBR-IIP a 

Ae ' m ?^^tS$:^^<z Jsass>. d fi; i as:A'r *s. B & condition rf ^.i^^Kti^, . e <***. <,, 

cially of a geological formation. [< Gr. d?m, dial therannective tissue; desmopathy. [< Gr. desmos, ^^^^^^^^^^^ 

TKareT Of des'per-ate, dcs'pcr-et, vt. [Rare.] 
' furious; drive to desperation. 


trict, -(- -OID.] 
dem"o-li'lion-a-ry, denro.llsrrun-e.-rl, a. 

or pertaining to demolition or destruction. 

. . 

To make reckless or dl-al"y-xta'iiiln-oU8, dai-al'i-ste'inin-us, a. Having 
the stamens separate, f < DIALY- -f- STAMEN.] 


deiidro-, combining fonn. [Additional terms.] den- 
drod'ie, (i. Z/ml. Kcsembllng trees; showing a tree-like 
ctructure when cut In sections. den"dro-lene', n. A 



of (silk) by weighing it In denlers: to size. 

de-uier, n. A unit of weight for silk yarns equal to .0531 
gram (about i^ troy grains). [< L. denarius, a lioman 

den-ta'le, den-tf'leor-tg'lc', n. [-TA'LI-A,/>;.] Med. Same 
as DENTARY, n. 

den'tal iii'dex. Ethno/i The ratio of the distance be- 
tween the extremities of the premolars and the wisdom. 

eighth node, which is any point whatever on the dianodal 
surface of the others. 
Dl"a-pei'l-a, dai'a-pen'si-a, n. Hot. A genus of low 
tufted evergreen shrubs of the diapensiad family (Dinpen- 
siacfE\ with small narrow leaves, and small solitary, 
erect, pedunculate white or purplish-rose flowers. The 
only known species are D. Lapponica of northern Europe 
and America and alpine summits In the United States, and 
of the Himalayas. [< Gr. dia pfnie, by 



de"nion-o-plo'bl-a, dtTnen-o-fo'bi-a, n. Pathol. 
A morbid fear of the influence of demons. [< Gr. dai- 
tnon, demon, -j- phoooe, fear.] 

de-na'ture, d-ne'chur or -t|0r, vt. To adulterate the 
quality of BO as to change it completely, as tea or alco- 
hol. de-na'Eur-lzeJ. de-na"ur-a'Hon, n. 
Den'drl-um, den'dri-um, n. Sot. Same as LEIO- 

D. Himalatca 

dl"a-plian-os'co-py, dai'a-fon-es'co-pi, n. Med. Ex- 
Torpedo-boat Destroyer. aminatipn of body-cavities by the introduction into them 

sticky substance extracted from petroleum and applied to destroyer, a vessel of high speed specially designed and ' tne incandescent electric light. [< DIA- + Gr. pha- 
trees In order to defend them from the attacks of insects. ar]n ,,(i f,, r the pursuit and destruction of torpedo-boats. rios, light, + fkfipro, look.] 

iiMron, n. Mat. A nerve.mainent having Crunches dc-struc'tloii-al, dg-struc'shon-al, a. Pertaining to dl'a-pliraK">, tl- Optics. To cut off the light from (the 
'i"fi)l' ! s'or > 'inlii 'i'l''t!mt > JruwT>r m-c'im trees' 5 " '' destruction or shaped by destructive forces, as, in geology, lens or mirror of an optical Instrument) by means of a 

daJf ',!.. nv.".- rt T (1 fL-frrmlne i i* nverairp fineness a plain which has been shaped by erosion. perforated screen or diaphragm. 

e-iuer', d 4 - M ^e-snl'tor, d S -6"l'ter or -surt 9 r, i. [L.] A rider In the dl"a-po'l-tlv(e, dui'a-pet'i-tiv, rt. Phot. A trans- 

games of the Roman circus who controlled two horses and parent positive picture, such as is used in a magic lan- 
teaiied from one to the other alternately. See quotation tern The Voice (N. Y.) Nov. 30, "J3, p. 4, col. 6. [< 

'.'"-Vi''r'l-o-i ; i(iiii"'de tfi'lTrkm*' 1 ""nM^i" The the dl-a"ta-i.lm'e-try, dQi-as'ta-sirn'o-tri, n Oryanic 

Geol. Pertaining 
hich produce 

witR fleshy horizontal toothed or scaly rootstocks, sini- de'iTr'^iilaif', diOr'slflg', . [S.-Afr. D.I A wet track on a df-as'tro-plie, ddi-as'tro-fg, n. Geol. An event char- 

, -, . .. . 

path or road caused by the dripping of water from a bucket 
In carrying It from a well. 

pie steuiH, two or three opposite or alternate compound 

leaves, and a raceme or corymb of large flowers. The . 

pungent taste of the clean white rootstock gives It the deu"ter-aK'o-iiUt,'o.nlst.* The actor nextln 
name pepper.root. t< L. ctentarius, pertaining to importance to the protagonist In thr ancient Gm-k drama. 
teeth.] During the: course of the drama different parts may assume 

den'tel-ure, n. 

, , . . 

acterized by a deformation of the earth's crust. 

ondary product of the digestion of claatin; elastln-pcp- 
tone. Deu^tc-rotNiVenc. a. Ttteol. BelonfriDg or 

relating to the second Nlccni 1 Council of the Cl; 
NIctea, in IMthynia, Asia Minor, 787 A. D. 

the zone or wuiet: applied to a nerve of the lumbar 

-, -- - - JVTI A ,--.- v. T plexus which serves the m-ctineus. [< DIA- -f- ZONE.] 

ic ll f . thc > hu r t ' jltl(llll . a tdl-az / o-lyy>o,dai-az'o-tuip,w. Phot. A photograph pro- 

It was tin 

seventh general council and took action apulnst the Icono- 
clasts. <leu"te-ro-plasm', n. liiol. Same as DEUTO- 
PLASM. dru"tv-ro-pro / te-oHe* . The Becondary 

products of the digestion of the proti'fds like allmmen, 

duced in different colors by the use of primulm; hence. 

UseJf. [< L. den** tooth, + NASAL.] den"to-na 

de-nu^mer-a'tloii, n. [Additional sense.] Math. 

The determination of the number of solutions of which 

an algebraic equation or series of equations is suscep- 

de-nun^d-a-mi-en'to, dG-nun'tht-fi-mt-en'to, n. [Sp. 

Am.] AlininQ. The act of giving formal notice of a claim; 

also, the claim Itself. 
de-peu^ili-en'te, xl'--pen"dl-en't, . [Sp. Am.] A govern 

ment employee; a Clerk. *>,-/ -T- >*(/<*rncr , outaub^.j 

de-pl^moii-taaion, de-pig" mgn-te 'shun, n. liiol. de-vel'op-Ing out. A photographic process in which ,+ BROMID.] 
The disappearance or removal of coloring matter, as the image is produced by the action of chemicals, UBU- dl-ocl'lalo. da 

from the epithelium. ally in a dark place: contrasted with print f/ ow/*. de- to lhe Denies o certan sponges. < ui- 

de-I'i'X'Ht-Ize, dg-pig'mgnt-aiz, vt. [-IZBU; -i*- Telopine^out pnpcr, a paper that does not contain free dl-'lioi>'tle, dai-cep'tic, a. Having the e 
To remove pigment from; bleach; blanch. silver and which requires the action of a chemical reducer said of inwcts that have compound eyes. 

"OLOPTIC. [< Gr. dicha, apart, + OPTIC.] 

n; casein, elastln, etc., hy the gastric and paum-atlr juices. f < i)i l 

de-vance', dr-vytis', vt. [Archaic.] To anticipate or pre- -i| iro 
n- vent; get ahead of; forestall. l< F. demtncer, < de- (see * f , 

DE-) 4- avancer, adva 

. called also the priiimlin process. I < DIAZO- + -TYPE.] 
The seeimdary di-1>la'lic, dni-blgs'tic, a. Relating to any theory of 
a disease which attempts U) trace it to a double origin. 
"- -\- Or. Wafitrtx, germ.] 

'mid, (loi-bro'mid, n. Clem. Any compound 
of two atoms of broinin with a radical or dyad. [< Di 1 - 

-(- BUOMID.] 

' '-cel'ttor-gt, a. Biol. Forked: applied 


de-plen'lob, de-plen'ish, vt. To remove the contents , to produce the Image. Compare PRIXTINO-OCT .-._.. , -, , , , 

of* deplete de-verop-inent,n. (Additional sense.] C/nes. I be di"cho-tom'ic , dal'co-tem'ic, a. Same as DICIIOTOMOUS. 

process of getting the pieces into play where tr '" '- - 

de-pre'i i-unl, a. [Rare.] Same as DEPEECIATIVB. most effective. 

SS^^^tt^S^^^SSw^fcwrjgu js^ta^fet^sss^i^^s^^h^sa 

In shipbuilding, the greatest Interior depth; the depth the two bUhopn. LASKKK Common Sense in Chess p. 16. 

from tne top of the deck.beams to the keel. dev'i:, n. [Additional sense.) [] A Junior counsel 

de-rall'er, dg-rerer, n. A person or thing that causes who prepares a case for a senior, receiving little or no j 

ig the pieces into play where they will be Dlck-no'iil-a', dic-sO'ni-a, 'n. ' Sot. A genus of ferns 

of the polypod family (I*olyiJO(tiace&), w'ith large, twice* 

or thrice-pinnate fronds, and small roundish marginal < 
submarginai fruit-dots. They are mostly tropical, and 
some, as D. Antarctica and D. Berteroatut, are law and 
tree-like. D. plloHlttnenla or punctilolnila Is the hay- 
scented fern of the United States and British America. 


crystallizes in the orthorhombic system. [< Dr. O. A. 

DODDER. devil'H palnt<brnli, 1. Same as GRIM, 
THS-COLLIKR. 2. Another Introduced Old World hawk- 

. , . . 

cavities: applied to a bodily organ, as the heart. [<]>i 
+ L. cselum, vault.] 

sofa. firm, ask: at, lare, accord: element, er = over, eight, e = usage; tin, machine, j = renew; obey, no; net, nr, atfm; full, rule; but, born; aleie; 
' Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

Dicotyledoncae 2123 dome 

Di-coi"y-le-doii'e-fr, dul [or dMcefi-le-den'g.i or -e, n. tli"|)lHli-<-t'ic, dcii'plan-et'ic, a. Having two active The aitMbtarin m divided into maiii line, and feeders. 

pi. Same as DICOTYLEDONES. states with an intervening one of rest, as the zoosporee , " x.nuAox wajm M. atp. u. B. wm. tsumii fi,tt, 

Dl-cra'iiuiii, dai-cr6'nunio/--cra'num, n. Hot. A large of certain saprolejrnjaceons fnnjrl. [< DI-' + Gr. pla- ,. , ,-,,. ,-, 

genus of acrocarpous, bryaceous mosses, having a cucul- ,-,,-,, wandeilM.T dl-plmn'et-Um, n. dls-trlb"u-lee', dis tnb yn-ti , ;/. taw. One to 

fate calyptra, ccrnuous capsule, and a single peristome dl"pleu-ro-geii'e-l, dui-plu-ro-jen'e-sis, . Biol. wn ? m yth'>'g has to be distributed m the division of 

of 16 cleft teeth. [< Dl- 1 + Gr. Iranian, skull.] Genesis from a copulation of sexes or by means of a ,?", 

r. _ ,- . ._ j;~. ,: Jfr Jfi _. .I,...!. * P. .,,,!!.. . , . j I i I I ' I I I I |. . I I i ( ll'l 

~'~"--' ;: -~ =-i anoiu simi'KM mriiiuillt; me cow-snai-KS (ej:(wu-mucKj. "~~, "^ ~T^"*t : ~ 

dl-dt-rphold, clai-del'fBid. a. Of or r sembhng the dip"lo-i>on'dyl-oii, a verticuhir. 2. Divcrticnlntcd. 

marsupials. [< Dl- 1 + Gr. clelphys, womb, -f eidos, dip'trr-o- euro", dip'tcr-o-curp", n. Same as DIPTERAD. di-ver"ti-incn'lo, dl-ver'tl-men'tfi, n. [It.] Man. 1. A 
form.] l)ip"ier-o-ciir-pa'ce-ie, dip r tyr-o-car-p6'se-l or -pci'ce-c 1 , light and graceful [nitromental composition, frequently In 

ili'dle, dal'dl, 11. [Local.Eng.] A triangular spade, used for Same as DIITKKOI AKPE.K. many movements. . A potpourri, 

cleaning out the channels of watercourses; also, a metal Dip'te-ryx,dip'te-rix,rc. Hot. Atropical American genus dlv'I-deud, n. [Additional phrase. |- 

dir'Trr-en'tlaut difer-en'shant n Math Are- same direction as the primary : said of an mducedcur- moce rous dipterous insects, closely resembling mosqui- 

il im^ral functioi of 'etemente 'a ft c which rent: opposed to imww. toes in size and form; the dixa-midges. The wing-veins 

!eftici;.ntV,,rethe -o dl-rec'to-ra , <J. [Rare.] Same as DIRECTORIAL navc 8clll( . B tlll . antenna are Ui-Jolnted, the legslSngand 

elements multiplied by binomial coefhcients are th ,o- di-rec"tor-ci i'lo , dl-rcc'ter-thi'lyo, n. [Philippines.] A 6 i em ier Dix'a, n (let I < Gr iitj-uui forked.] 
efficients in a binary quantic, which remains unchanged c i urk . interpreter! - dl T'ld a &n 

when for them are substituted the elements of the new dl // 8ac / c*'~ --'- ^!--n/ -f^i ~~ .!/i ~ r ~r . 
quantic obtained by putting x -f- hy for x in the original series of 
quantic (Sylvester). [M.J ..,..___ saccharin 

. n 

:'cla-rld(e, dai'sac'a-rid or ' -raid, n. One of a do , be dn ' he '. ' [S . w. U. 8.] Adobe: a corruption, usually 

of carbohydrates (<JnH,jp n ) which are mostly written \lobf. 

irin, being the chief ingreuients of cane-sugar and doch / :an*flor"oeh, deH'-fln-<lSr"Hii, tt. [Gaelic.] A part- 

J - nt a 1 r .. I ^' A llialr J I (f.IIDV 1 pmlllS. fl.SKlllHM, " IUD UUilMllfc K'"" 1 * V t>f f*u MKWW/. 

dl-ke'tone, dai-kt'ton, n. Chem. A ketone that con- [< L. discus, disk, + LICHEN.] Called also doddering dielkicn. dod'dle=srnss"}.- 

tains two molecules of carboxyl, or an oxide of a hydro- dlt-l'oll'll-la, diB-cen'yu-la, n. A larva of one of the d.ilaurel, n. Any one of the various dodder-like specti s 

carbon in which two carbon atoms, neither of which is polype-medusae. [Dim. of L. discus, disk.] of Camythii, especially a tropical plant ( Oassytka Jinfor- 

terminal, are combined with two atoms of oxygen. F. dls''co-ier-lph'er-al, dis'co-per-if'cr-ai.a. Situated mis) used in India for several medicinal purposes, and in 

Mf.,1. Diet. [< DI-I + KETONE.] around the disk of the mouth as in certain species of lam- Australia known, along : with other B f l>lcs of the ^ame 

dll"a-ta'tlon, n. [Additional sense.] Anychangeof preys: said of the teeth. f< DISCO- + PERIPHERAL.] under VINE 

volume of a material under strain. It is called positive dl-cord'aiice, n. [Additional sense.] Geol. A lack do"leon-par'l ite, dO'dec-a-pflr'toft, a. Divided in- 

or negative, according as the volume increases or decreases, of parallelism between contiguous strata, not admitting to twelve sections. [< Gr. dodeka, twelve, -r- L. partio, 

If equal linen parallel to the three principal ie of strain are ^fnjj evident ^explanation^ ^ ^ djvlde.] 




-'wmcn 8ee - D19CRErAN ^ " * ' 

dii'ii,"<fin n" [Austral ] A small bag or basket made of <llh, "I. [Prov.] To throw out the fore feet on one side In l,i H 1 d: a teruTof contempt. 

grass, wool, or hair wound Into cords; hence, any little bag, running: said by grooms of a horse. doll'er=roll", defer-roT, n. .Much. In a mangle, the 

of whatever material: aboriginal term. dil'ly=bnir"t. diMli'.ran", n. [Additional sense.] Same as SPONGE- ro ller that dellvere the cloth. 

t>eyond tne limitations of ordinary existence. Tne ireai- t-upy vacate as a house or a position i",itm, u^ BIMLIUH--H 

ment of the fourth and higher dimensions belongs to the dis''o-per'cii-lnte, dis'o-per'kiu-let or -let, a. Same as (.Sambucu* nirjra), and the guelder-rose, 
geometry of hyper-space, or n = dimensional geometry. IIEOPEBCCLATK a do$5'K'atell"er, deg'-cach'^r, n. One who makes a 

The conception has been used by investigators of psychic diH v or-iiaii'ir. dis'Br-gan'lc, a. [Rare.] Not organized; business of catching (logs; especially, in the United 
phenomena to eiplain certain mysterious physical phe- wanting organization. States, a licensed oflicial empowered to catch stray dogs, 

nouiena. di-l>eii"na-1 ii'ri-lll. dls-pen'sa-tu'ri-al, a. [Rare.] Ad- H ,. u u /r ,1 H ir'.iink-er n A dealer in and 

ili-iniT'ic, dol-mer'ic, n. Bot. Same as DIMEROUS. mlnistratlve or executive. dog -Kiia< K er, cleg -n !<'. 

dl"meth"yl-amMll, dai-meth-il-am'in, n. Chem. dl-spenn'y, dui-eperm'i, n. Biol. The fecundation slaughterer of old and diseased clogs. 
A highly alkaline liquid or gas (C,H T N), occurring in o f mie egg with two spermatozoa. [< DI-' + Gr. tjierma, dog'leg" fence. A fence made of rails each of which 
herring-brine and prepared artiflciafly in the distillation 6e ed 1 dl-Hncrm'lf, a has one end resting on a pair of crossed stakes while 

&S&j2S&SSSS*tS3& Same as CACO- ll" 8 phc'nold dai'sffneid, . Cr.jM A solid figure j*S*55^ffi5JESi1 rAustra,.] Any one of 
DYL sin,"- o contained by eight isosceles triangles. [< Di- 1 + SPHE- various trees, or their woods, different from any of those 

<litn''tni. <limw n Fltr 4 phntincT-rnil napil fnr NOID.] . so called In the northern hemisphere; as, (1) In Australia: 

re'ml,! in^'n r!,rr,.ni in'n bifin.av.tem dU'pl-riont, n. Discussion or disputation. (a) A small tree (Jai+mittit m-iiparla) of the bean family 

,ii. .j>.,.i i !vi! i mS Pm''?"n,,, twilight. ,l,,sl- diH" r pru-bii'tiv(e, dis-pro-be'tlv, u. [Rare.] Tending to (Legumlnome), yielding a hard wood, and taking Its name 

liim'iuil, dim it, H. [Dial., Eng.j Tbe twilight; dusk. disprove. from Its offensive odor when burning. (J A shrub ( Mijnpn- 

dl 'iiior'plille, clui'mer'fQit, n. Mineral.. An orange- dlH-qu Ip'ur-niil. dis-cwip'ar-ant, a. Lor/ic. Having rumplatycarpum). (2) In Tasmania: (a) The honeywood 
yellow arsenic sulnd that is obtained as a volcanic prod- or nertaiiiinsr to the relation of disciuiparancv (Bfdfordia Halicui'i); called cnttonwood In New South 

uct, and is closely related to orpiment. [< Dl-' + Gr. diH-rump'. lUs-rump', vt.& vi. [liare.] To break up or dis- yfiSP 1 .See OOTTOSWOOD. Hi) Kltherof two trees \Ponia- 
mornhe, shape] ni'rs" scatter derris elliptim and P.auetnln, known also respectively as 

din'dern, dln'derz, n. pi. [Dial., Eng.] Roman denarii l>i-ril |>'lloil. n. [Additional sense.] Ch. Hist. The X e . llo Y Ujl dbiiMlnr d douwon Sl ''L,' ."nliVwonn 8 '~ 
occasionally discovered in digging in England : so called secession in 1843 of ministers of the established Church of ,1 '/"i'" ,',' ' "l^'l.'i ,," A', lit,! hie H \ sfi ort "lii ed tible 
by peasants. [Cor. of F. denier*.] Scotland as a protest against patronage in the appoint- do n( ",',&< t ha Tfoot f 'r o e floor- a Tagal, g tmn 

dl or l b!;,w lnJ .i M fpr 1 ov FnnTFo makeSv tarilisl? 7 ment to livi K 8 without parishioners' ?ight of veti. P The do''M"rho-hi'cr"lr, do-|i'co-hc,i'er!ict . A,,ot. Hav- 

dinife, n. An Indentation inad^by a blow, in the crown seceders formed the Free Church. ing the sacrum narrow; i. f., long as compared to the 

of a hat; any similar dent anywhere. dlK'tto-coilcli", dis'o-ceuc", n. Biol. The shell of a width. [< Gr. do/ichox, long, + liieros, sacred.] 

diti'elcsbird", n. [Austral.] Same as BELL-BIRD. veliger. [< Gr. ilitsox, double, + CONCH.] Do"Ii-cho'liis, do'li-cho'lus, H. Same as I'.IIYNCOSIA*. 

dr'iii-tro-beii'zetie, dai'nai-tro-ben'zin, n. Chem. dls-NOK'e-ny, dis-sej'e-ni, n. Biol. The condition of dol-l'na, del-i'na, n. Geol. One of the natural funnel- 
A substance {C 8 H 4 (NO 2 )) that crystallizes in colorless being sexually mature in two successive stages, once in form water-tubes worn down vertically through lime- 
flexible needles, formed Dy boiling fuming nitric acid the larval ami again in the adult stage. [< Gr. dissos, stone strata to their underground drainage, 
witli benzene. [< DI-' + NITROBENZENE.] double, -(- f/iyr/omai, be born.] dol'lar, n. [Additional phiases, etc.] holy dollar [Ans- 

din'ky, din'kl, a. [Slang.] Small and neat; as, a dinky dl'sle-jroiix, dai'ste-gus, a. Zool. Having the cranial tral.], a Spanish dollar of the value of about 5 shillings, 
little cart. cavity double-floored behind, as most fishes ] [< Di- 2 with a center-bit or " dump " taken out, used in Tasmania 

di nu-o'vo, dinuO'vfi. [It.] Mus. Anew: an Injunction 4-Qr etsoS roof] about 1828. riiiK'Mlol"lal-{. Mexican d., a silver ruin 

to repeat. . diA-til'MniV. dls-til'el. . I Rare. 1 The nrocess or the orod- worth Intrlnsicany 49 cents, the monetary standard of Mex- 

other by a quarter of a i>eriod : applied also to the circuit SEJtolttabodv Te"!^^! uremuu)u w ru " i " r iioiut, fraud.] ' 

carrying such a current or the generator producing it. diH-lrib'u-tn-ry, n. I Additional sense.] One of the sec- do'mal, a. Belonging to or of the nature of a dome: 

[< DI-' + PHASE. 1-dl-pha'ser, H. A generator pro- ondary bnim-lu-s by which the water Is distributed over a said of rock. 

ducing a dlphase current. district from a principal canal in artificial Irrigation. dome, n. [Additional sense.] Geol. An elevated mass 

au = out; 011; lu = feud, Jfi = future; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ink; so; thin; zh = azure; F. bon, dttne. <,from; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
t3?~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

domiciled 2126 earthkiii 

of sedimentary rock whose strata Have a more or less four known species, natives of western North America, D. duck':gkov"!nK, n. [Slang. Austral. 
Lvorxn! , lin eltgiiH* and {>. piikhrlli, are common In Kngllsh gardens cabman In leaving his i>lace In line. I 

under the generic name of ciiiiiuni.i. passenger.- iinck'=li<.v"cr. >/. 

..... - - < 4.1.1:.: ----- 1 ..i 

[Slang. Austral.] The action of a 
In order to secure a 

generic name of CltntoiH'i. passenger. duck'iHlioV'rr. . 

A. .). I >'>-,. inij. Am. agriculturist.] duok'weed", n. [Additional phrase.] great duck- 

dBX-as'tic, a. [Rare.] Of or pertaining to weed, the greater duckweed (Spirodtfa polyrrhiza). 
<i: resting upon or exercising opinion. [< See SPIRODKLA*. 

^ *--, duj'un-ait, n. Mineral. A variety of 
nickel is replaced by 

,lled,demM-siKl, / ,a. ***. Restricted to a 

"'III I-* III l. Ufiu l-omi, ji't. JFimtHbVi MWVM**0u > Q|i (III fl( Illlllllll ' 

specifled bank or place: said of a negotiable security ara j- t , n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] A number o 

;r j-petiuo, no yard, H. I Austral.] A yard In which cattle are separated product ot innrsBirlte that IS i 

shrubs in a forest. for purposes of sale, slaughter, and the like. I < Dudley, town in England.] 

dom'I-iia"ted,dem'i-ne'ted, pa. Arboriculture. Sur- drag'on, n. [Additional phrase.] false dragon's: dii'du", diVdii'. . [Austral.] A pigeon: aboriginal name. 

passed in growth by other species around it, as trees m a head, same as LIOX'S-HEART. ilu t'lcl bag. [Local, Am.] A sack to hold a miscellaneous 

t'ore^t. draij'on-et, n. [Additional phrase.] pemniouHdrag- 

temperate and torrid regions of the northern hemisphere. Moat of the dratnagetrai/s of the western half of the State are jiul'i-i-lol" "dol'sl-tol" Ii Cliem ^iiine asiVricrr-K 
comprising over 40 species, some of which are known as f ,hi. character. R t HU.L 7Ven(^rt An. Rep. U. S.Oeol. j u /||. alc ,' du'li-dt or -de, n. ni. Ornith. A family of 

do"^ dpga n. JS..Afr. D. ^ The bed of ^stream or a * ^'."'ilddition^Tense.! To size (thrown silk). fSTx ^sed mid'cfrcnlar" 8 Du'lu bU "t "g "^'^ 

don'nee", dsn'ne', n. [F.I CrlUclim. The motif or the pressed by weight, m drams, of 1,000-yard skeins. du-lil'i, du-lll'l, n. The Asiatic golden plover < CUnrnrirlwi 

assumed situation of a drama, novel, or the like. dram, drgnt, v. [Scot. & Dial., Eng.] I. ( To drawl or 7;r>: socalledat Guam. The name Is also applied by tba 

iloo'illesbiiif", du'dl-bng-. M. [Local.U.S.] Asmallbur- drone out, as a song. II. I. To drawl or drone In speak- nsmyes to several sandpipers and other shorc.blrds. [Na- 
rowlng beetle common In the Southern States. Ing. draiintt. _._,.. HI tlve word.] 

dope'>book", n. [Slang.] Home-racing. ** f ,. - - - . r 7=^-*. C-T ---,_.. 

tioii of racing information, records, racing-charts, etc. toward the left side. Compare PULL', n., 6. dnin'inyi, n. [Austral.] To obtain public land by means of 

do'oej- do' pea [Slang US ] Stupid as If from opium- draw, n. [Additional sense.] Geol. A valley or basin a dummy, or agent who Impersonates ascttler. duni'my- 

diliu'heavy See DOPE? readily convertible into an irrigation-reservoir by con- torn, x.Yhe obtaining ot land bydummying; land-g.abblng 

dop'pel-gan(r"er, dep'el-gcng'er, n. [O.] A person ex- structing a dam across its outlet. diim-rel'cner-lle, dum-rai Hfr-ait, H. Mineral. A 

act Iv like another- a double dreail'our, dred'Sr, n. [Scot.] Same as DREAD, n.. 1 & 2. white hydrated aluminum-magnesium ulllate (AljMg, 

dop'pi, dep'L . [S.-Afr. D.J A wine-glass; also, a mug, as dreel'Ite, dril'ait, n. Mineral. A variety of borite (SOjVMHjO), that probably crystallizes in the momi- 

of tin, used by farmers. containing calcium sulfate. I < M. de Dree, a patron of clinic system and is found in lava. [ < A. von Dunir 

do'rnb, do'rah, n. Same as SILVER-BAR FISH, under SILVER. gc ience 1 nteher, of Lisbon.] 

dor-meur', der-mOr', n. [F.] A lobotoid fish, the triple- < j rew/ ' J fl r \dditional sense ] [Tenn US] Turbid duueh.dunch, n. [Newfoundland.] Improperly baked bread. 

, Drep a-iid'I-da?, drep-a-nid'i-dloc-d'e.n.pi. Ornitli. duii'Wy", dun'flai-, n. Any fly, natural or artificial, of 

Lunguc is brought in vouun i >,iiu me ^v m me iiiuuiii - - --- \~T .-- -- r ~ *" ~ -- v , ... 

at a point posterior to the tip Drey'fus-lte, drai'fus-ait, n. An adherent of Captain which makes a copy, or makes anything in duplicate, as 

dos, df, n. [L.I Law. The portion brought by a wife Alfred Dreyfus, a French officer, who was convicted by a manuscript. 

to her husband on marriage- a dot- dower- loosely, the court-martial in 1894 and 1899 of betraying military se- dii-pllc'1-dent, diu-phs'i-dent, n. Zool. Dupliciden- 

portion a widow receives on the death of her husband. crets, and sentenced to disgrace and imprisonment. It tate. 

doh it I Slang Am] Money cash was claimed that his conviction was the result of a political dll-pllc"I-peil'liate, dm-plls l-pcn'etor-gt, a. Kntom. 

do-Hlni'c-trliil do-sini'e-tri'st. n. J/rf. A physician conspiracy, and be was pardoned in 1399. Ilrey'fus-ardt Having the wings*folded lengthwise: saidof some insects. 

who adopts the dosimetric system in his practise. TAJJ-.S i i. . i K.< ~ j_ii /f /* [< L - duplex, twofold, 4- penna, wing.) 

do-Mlm'e-try , do-sim'g-trf. . The measurement of d L"'as ,KT ,, 10 phra8e - ] - * orthern Mtt <- Gfo1 .), dup'py, dup'l, . [ W InA] A ghost or spirit 

doses; also, the science or method of measuring doses. jS/v,fJ ? Wrtditinnal n 1 Kmit The siTth mast dr-bak'ka, dur-bak'a, n. An Oriental percussive 

[< DOSE + -METER] I [Additional sense.] *aut. ihesixthmast musical instrument consisting of an earthenware tube 

dos"sier', des-ye', n. [F.] A brief. [ < L. dorsum, back.] drrtch ore*n. [ScotT'A'dwirt W ' th flaring elul8 ' one of whicli i8 covered with stretched 

Doth''|.de-a'le,deth-i-de-e'li Z <-.9'les, n .^. _ ^. dro'ra'o-irraul,. drO'nMwaof. n. 1. An instrument d Xfr f Additional sense.] Oeol. & Eng,n. Inhydrog- 

! blood in circulation, rapny, the quantity of water necessary, In artificial irrlga- 

"i automatic rcgistra- - 

tlon, to supply adequately a definite surface of land. .1. vv. 

doiiKli, 11. [ Additional sense.] [Slang.] Money dough', materials 

bag", n. A money-bag; corruption-fund; bribe. HIMIL ilrfiir rt r;-Afi- ni -I Tn nrint f 

dough'.belly, . A cyprinoid fish (Campmtoma drU -druk)ker, t drtk'er i, 1 ApTlnt'er " 

anomiUum), the stone-lugeer. drnnft n. [Austral.] A bundle. 


To oresfl The gneisses are for the most part dynamftmetamorphoged 

and schistose. G. F. BECKER Sixteenth Annual Rep. L'. S. Geul. 

,,..,, i nuoita* A uuuui^ Survey pt. iii, p. 296. IGOV. pro. OFF. '85.J 

. dog'las-ait, n. Mineral. A hydrated dViiin'me'i%"n"''tAdd'irion'ai compound 1 ground'. dy"iia-nio'tor, dai - na-mO'ter, n. Elec. 1. A kind of 
potassium iron chlorid (K,FeCl,.2H,O), that crystallizes drum"iner, n. A Caribbean sclsenold flsh, the ronco rotary transformer. 2. A combined motor and generator. 
in the monoclinic system. (Dairdiella roncfius). [< DYNAMIC -\- MOTOR.] 

Don^kho-bor'etz, n. sing. One of the Doukhobortsl. drum'wood, n. Same as CASSAVA-WOOD. [W.] dy'o-plione, dai'o-fon, n. Acoustics. An instrument 

Don"kho-bort'i, dn-ko-bSrt'sl, n. pi. Same as DUKHO- drunk'en-HBh", n. An ostracioid fish (C/stracion tri- emitting simultaneously two tones of the same pitch, but 

BOBTSI. Dou'kho-bora":. yueter), the trunkflsh. differing in timbre. [< Gr. dyo, two, -f phonos, sound.] 

The DpuMoftorMWe .outlived their welcome, and areaiready Dru-pa'oe-a;, dru-pfi'se-t or -pg'ce-e, n. pi. Bol. A dy-opU'v-sIlc, dai-ef'i-sait, n. Keel. A person hold- 

r,e.ed by their .. neighbor, with^Mjutt ...d , .roreh.,, subdivision of the rose family (,*) embracing such f ng the view that there are two natures, the divine and 

don-zaln' do zen' n Pros ' A oiece of verse of 12 P' 811 ' 8 , 48 have drupes or stone-fruits, as the plum, cher- thc human, united in the person of Christ: opposed to 

in/ iin,.- n trnnr'tttrA wnr,,.t r *- p ,in,,,ni n , Hn,o, ry, ana pcacn. it is regarded by some botanists as a dis- Mononhynte. f< Gr. di/o, two, -f physit, nature.] 
dou"zaJ ne' du-x6n' n [ F 1 lufhecCimeilsiau^ i j "" fam ''?'~ t ^ P ''' m fam ' ly - t< *- arupa, fruil.] d ys-ai'bu-mose, di/al-biu-mOs, n. Mtd. An albu- 
b "ly of l-> men retirese tinif a Dari'h drn'.y, a. [Additional sense.] Oeol. Same as MIAROLITIO. minoid substance resulting from thc splitting up of pro- 

d^v/r do' MM A^arirtv of clsn knife dry.a. [Additional compound, etc.]-dry'.blow"lng, n. teids during the process of digestion, a prwlurt of the 

do'ver, do \jr. re [Austral.] A variety of clasp-knife. Austrat.] Mining. A method of winnowing alluvial ore neotic dieestion of flbrin [ <UYS- + ALBUMEN 1 

dovc'tall.lUh". duv'tel-nsh', n. A pomacentroid flsh by allowing It to fall from a height while the wind Is blow- a v. tl. vL.'i di, Tti m'l n IfeT MeSScholia nro 
((HrpUteOoa taurta) of the coast-waters of America. Ing-dry wash [Western U. K], thc bottom of a caflon "S"'' 1 , < ' '"', ' .;Y,',h ,~i n,-.irri.ti, 

dow'el.n. [Additional sense.] A round wooden stick ordrled-up bed ofastrcam. ir rf,,/L ' il, ,1 1> 

or rail of any diameter and length, turned by machinery. Dry-'op-l-llie'cuti, drcd-ep-i-tht'cos or -the'cus, n. Gr - dysthymia, despondency.] 

cl.nv'i-I.Miill". n. A mill where dowels are turned, ^ool-. . P e , of 6 enU8 of P8. now extinct, but found 
d.iHtrlp, n. A piece of wood for making dowels. fossil In Miocene deposits m France. [< Gr. drys, tree, Ti 

down. adv. [Additional sense.] Golf. Behind one's + pilfiela>t, ape.] JJj 

opponent. Dry-op'ter-lH, drol-ep'ter-ls, n. Same as ABPIDIUH. 

lown'com"er, daun'cam'er, n. 1. [Prov.] -The pipe . ary-op/lcr-oid, o. 

down'com''er, daun'com'er, n. 1. [Prov.] -The pipe dry-op/ier-old, a. ea'gle, n. [Additional phrase.] whlle>tailed eagle, 

whlc-b receive, the outpouflngs from the eaves of a roof, du'al, n. [Addltionai sense.] Chese. In problem-so- th ~ common sea-eagle (Hallytialbi,-llta) of Kurope. 
i. Mining. A pipe which conveys combustible gases. lutlon, a condition after the key-move, or at any stage ,. r",iwil.i.l'.,l * ">*,,Shnl Hiivinu . tendenr 

I>o\* n-ln'a;l-a. daun-in'ji-a, n. Bol. A genus of in the cont' 
dwarf annual herbs of the lobelia family (Lofeliactse), procedure. 

justlble gases. lution, a condition after the key-move, or at any stage 4. ar "-n^nA',-a , />*,,,-b,j Huvinu . tendency to 

'StI-a, daun-in'ji-a, n. Bol. A genus of in the continuation when there are two possible ways of e ^ ,,kVn tern isof snokenTnrds- on ",dn,Ll 

uwori annual herbs of the lobelia family (Lobeliacraf), procedure. earth ' I Tdditlonal senw- i '-ii me aJ fl i\i>t : 5 (') ' 

with the habit anil aspect of Lobelia. Of the three or duck-bill" cat. The paddle-fish (Polyotlon spal/iula). earth'kin, srth'kln. same as TERKLLA-. ' 

sofa, arm, ask; at, fare, accord; elgment, jr = over, Sight, f = usage; tin, machine, | = renew; obey, no; irwt, nr, atom; full, rQlc; but, bum; aisle; 
t*~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

carth>louse 2127 cprenetlc 

. Entom. Any one of several secies 

, . . 

g ' * ] Hot &she80rcln<lere -cl-koii'o-gen, ai-ken'o-ien, n. Chem. A sodium salt e-mul'.i-n"er, e-mul'si-fai-cr, n. Med. 

The act, state, or fact of 

an i-fi este', se-lest'. [F.] Ayr. A wash composed eKt ',' " LAddltlonal sense.] [Dial., North. Eng.] A milter e-nnm'ehcell", n. Embryol. Same as AMELOBLAST* 
of copper sulfate and ammonia which, when dissolved In m " en ail-lllpin'a-toux, en'an-ihem'a-tns, a Med Of 

water, gives It a sky-blue color, whence the name: used eK'nian-mte, ec'man-ait, n. Mineral. A green to black pertaining to, or having an enanthcma 
for destroying Insects iron-mangancsc-magnesium silicate ((Fe.Mn.Mg) 4 H,Si 3 en-ceph'a-lin. en-sefa-lln, n. Chem. 'A cercbrln (C- 

JV'v " >rt< V 1 '" 1 1.\ Art . Anetchlng O 13 ), that is found massive. [< G. Ekmann, Sw. mine- pir-NniOlr). SeecEREBRin. [< Gr. en. In, + kealtalr 

lib eii-a'IcH, eb en-e'ltz or -g'les, n. pi. Bot. A co- owner.] head. | 

hort of plants embracing the ebony family (Ebenacen), El-<e"o-car-pa'ce-fe, el-fo-cOr-pe'se-t or -pa'ce-6 n En"elio-doii'H-dw, en'co-den'ti-dt or -dS, n. pi. A 
storax family (HtyracacesB), and the star-apple or pi. Bot. An order of exogenous tnvs or shrubs, accord- Cre K;Cous family of malacopturygian fishes with an adi- 

locality: applied to diseases as opposed to endemic. [< JP'5 al Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific end, n. [Additional compounds.! cnd'scume". n 

EC- + Gr. dSmaf, people.] J, 8 , , nd ?; Of . 80 !. ne 8 P ecles tne frut t Is eaten, or used me- Chem. A position that, mlglit have been brought about In 

E-chi"no-cys'tig, g-carno-sls'tls, n. Sot Same as Mi- ! ;~ L" a V t 7 ,? t f e .!? ar i or L he woo(1 8erves valuable actual play In which there are very few pieces. It differs from 

<;RAMPELI*. U8es i, * holopetahis Is the blueberry ash of Australia, a problem in that no npi-clal number of moves is Indicated 

4>-chl"no-plu'te-U8, e-cai"no-nlu'te-us n Zool The L< Gr - 'aia, olive-tree, + *orpo, fruit] epd.lenf, . The blank leaf at the end of a book - 

free-swimming larva of a sea-urchin f< *' ECHIVO -U e-la 'tose, e-lus'K>8, n. Pfiysiol. Chem. One of the end.prodnct, n. Organic C?um. Tlie final outcome of 

PLUTEUS ] ' form 8 of peptone produced by the gastric digestion of tbe decomposition of one of the more complex chemical 

(era, Lepidoptera, Coieoi>(era, Diptera, Hymmoptera, etc. 


, r ---- . . ------------ -------- , e ________ 

o-de'a, el'o-di'a, n. Sot. 1. See ANACHARIS and PHIL- moth8 - as the notched-wing geometer (Ennomos nioyna- 

KIA*. i. [e-J Same as ELODKS. mm), the chain-dotted geometer (VingUia catenaria) etc 

n /J a , r* ,1.11.1 --- , __ Thoir a. . ln ta n * w lwww #/, w*.. 

,u-aru <--HII-IKIU, n. j'neoi. me type ot theology irr 
taught by Jonathan Edwards. This theology has re- El". 

cently been represented by some popular writers as being OT ^ . ^. L ^-j uuj c oo jL^w^ao. . . 0/ , ,...,, ,..., t-w^^KwiiKwr^^t/iyuiacaienana) ere 

i^ rSeri ^"l^KMmV,'. | W S ^oor'Calvanlsm, which El-o'deg, n. [Additional sense.] Bot. See MAESH ST.- They are classified under the supcrfamlly (ieomelrina. 

is reached Its legitimate development In the ' new the- JOHH'S-WOBT and TBIADENUM*. En'no-nios, n. (t. g.) [< Gr en in 4- nemo feed 1 

ttaf y ,:he A ETw\ d d^nXo^^ "- nrf. A variety of -en'no-mld, n. In in^ct of this family^' 

sovereignty of God, of regenlLtton of gWce of pardon of "J' . 1 "*'' m, which the sodium is partially replaced by po- e n"-Pr--oil'dyle, en'te-pi-cen'dil, n. Anal. The 

In, of remission of penalty, of Justification thrSuu h the ^""im. [Perh. < El Paso + -LITE.] inner condyle of the humerus. [< ENT- - 

f iirhtamianaaa r.* nn >. n _ 1- l-'ii- . P Al/klftttf. ..!',;.( ^! If- t \ _. _ a 3 , . . T\V1 If 1 . . ,. . .. .. "1 ,. / J 1 _ _. 

who believes in the doctrine of emanation. 

testine to repair injury to its walls. 



OTTRD em'per-or.pen'Kiiln, n. The klng- 

..., f 

earlier portion of Paleozoic time, including the Cam 

-rope, ao-rop, n. ptict. A variety 
natrope in which the revoiving'disks are made^ 

. . . . , . . m .. .oa.- va 

&T Cros-refer.nces u, words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (.). When not foilowed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

t variant 


ep"ei-ro-ren'lc, ep"ei-ron'e-ny, etc. Same as EPIBO- 


tering on a moving drum the movement of a finger in e-BOph-a-glsm, Q-sef'o-jizm, . Med. Spasmodic con- 
lifting a weight: used as an index of mental excitement, traction of the esophagus. 

, _ _ _ - . . 

eplv'e-drin, erg-drii^n.' An alkaloid isolated from tigue. Compare ERGO- y 

Enhfdra :>ulgarit, var. helvetica. Its hydrochlorate C 10 GRAPH*. 

ll,,N"O.Hrl with homatropln fonns a mydrlatlc commer- er"go-met'rlc, gr'go- 

clally known as mydrtn. met'ric, a. Relating to an 

ep"l-cor'mlc, ep'i-cer'mic, a. Forestry. Designating ergome ter; measuring en- 

a shoot, branch, or the like that grows from the corm of a erg y 

root that has emerged or been extended above the surface. E'rI-an, J'ri-an, a. Geol. 

[< EPI- + coKJt.l Relating to Lake Erie or 

ep-tc'rt-gi, n, [Additional sense.] Med. A secondary it< B hores: synonymous 

crisis in the course of a disease. with Devonian. Brian 

ep"l-do"tl-za'tlon, ep/i-do'ti-ze'shan, re. Qeol. Met- age (fieol.), the age dur- 

amorphic alteration of other material into epidote. ing which Lake Erie was 

^mineral that "is closely related to struvite. [< EPI- - 


Ei>-iu'o-niin, n. One of the Eplgonl. 

<-pi I'a-to-rju e-pil'a-to-ri. a. & n. Same as DEPILATORY 

ep"i-par > a-&lte, ep'i-par'a-pait, n. Zool. An external 

or -cg'les, n. pi. Bot. A 
group of dicotyledonous 

ed-seit'llal-lHt. es-sen'shal-ist, n. Ch. IRst. Specific- 
allv, a nonjuror who held that the usages which were 
omitted from the Second Prayer-book of Edward VI. 
were essential. 

eH-sen'tial point. Math. A point In a curve at which the 
value of a function expressing It beoomw Indeterminate. 

EK'SCX li'on. [Local, Eng.l A calf. 

eK-tan'ro. es-tiinVo, n. [Philippines.] [Sp.] A place In 
which poods of government monopolies are sold. 

es-tlie"i-o-ffen / lc, es-thi'si-o-pen'ic, a. [Additional 
HriiM-.] Having the capacity to stimulate or produce sen- 
sation: specifically used in connection with experiments 
upon hypnotized subjects. es-tlie'si-o-gen, n. 

eN-tlie''sI-oni'e-ter, n. [Additional sense.] An in- 
strument for measuring sensations: used in psychological 

Erlzo (Porcupine.flsh). eg ", < he.sod'tc,' a. [Additional sense.] Receptive 
irritated! rather than centrifugal or initiatory: opposed to kine- 

1n ae d r i 

gamopetalous plants m- The al)i ii t y to change its size and soiJic": said of certain nerve-tracts. 
eluding the heath family t o erect inmany spines su 

(Ericaceae), the diapen- forms an effective mei 

siad family (Diapenria- tection from attack. 

iddenly es-llict'lr, a. [Additional phrase.] esthetic Mand- 
,s for pro- nrf | a principle or criterion of criticism, which must be 
presupposed If a work of art Is pronounced good or bad, or 
if anj 

T "r-. -f . ' . ',.. uuweis ill utsi it it_', UVIIII-B, iiL-i ., ----- 

condition; any epispastic blister or sore. species known arc found In the western United states. 

e-pi"ta-pe'dl-al,g-pis-ta-pt'di-Ql,a. Upon the stapes e r'i-on-ite, 71. Mineral. 1 

A pearly-white hydrated alu- 


that~1tB comitictivlty'for heat is 100 times as great. Mr 
thinks that It probably forms an Interstellar atmosphere, 

e'qual-l"zlng, ppr. of EQU ------- , .- 

connection (Elec.),& resistance-coll, or the like, placed 
In a circuit to regulate the difference of potential. e. cur- 



rent (Elec ), the current that passes through an equalizer. 
eaul-, combining form. [Additional terms.] e"qui-di- 

men'ftion-al, a. Having equal dimensions; as, a mosaic 

of roughly equidimentdonal 

grains. A. BARKER Petrology 

for SlnaeMs p. 24. [u. P. '}.] 

e"qui-mo-lec'u-lar, a. 

Having or pertaining to an 

equality of molecules; specif- 

ically, in chemistry, contain- 

ing substances in the propor- 

tion of their molecular 

weights, as solutions. 
e"qul-noc'tlal, a. [Ad- 

ditional sense.] Opening 

and closing at regular nours: 

said of certain flowers, as 

the four-o'clock. 

Gr. erodws, heron.] 

[Additional sense.] 

the genus Eucalyptus. 
:n'Vlii-r..l'i-<l:r. yfTki- 
ret'i-dl or -de, n. Zool. A 
family of saurians of the su- 
perfamilyj4fmuta<o. [<Gr. 
evclieir, quick of hand.] 
en'chre, n. [Additional 
phrase.] California eu- 

. ..IT, a variety of euchre In which the cards remaining 
after dealing are treated as a widow, and are claimed by 
the player naming the trump, who discards all but five cards. 
He must take as many tricks as the number bid or forfeit 
-c!6'a, n. Bot. A genus of 

An asteroid of the sixth magnitude discovered an equal number of points. 

on Aug. 13, 1898, at Urania Observatory, Berlin, Eu-ele'a 1 , yu-cli'a or -c 

Germany, bv G. Witt. This asteroid was for- shrubs or trees of the ebony family (Ebenaceas) embracing 

uc ... u .)wn as I)Q. It approaches, at perihelion, nearer about 20 species, mostly South African and having leaves 

the sun than Mars and passes nearer the earth (14,000,000 alternate, lance-shaped, and crisped. The handsome 

miles) than any other member of the solar system except hard black wood of E. FseudO'Ebenu* is known as Orange 

the moon; thus it affords an excellent means for determln- River ebony. Its berries, as well as those of other species, 

, spring, + ant/ietnon, flower.] , ___ ______ 

er'bin, er'bin, n. Native oxid of erbium. [F. Med. tary or in clusters scattered along many branches. 

Diet.] er'foinet. L. Erythea, island where the giant Geryon dwelt.] 
erd'mann-tte, erd'man-ait, re. Mineral. A dark- er ythro-, combining form. r -'- 1! * ! '* n 

brown aluminum-iron-manganese silicate that is found ylh-ro-ciil'rito - "'- 

-v . , . ,, n- 

. Adclitiona terms] - er"- 
Mineral. A blue hydrated copper 

the northern wall: an oblong Ionic structure with wings CYTOTOXIX*. er"yth-ro-zinc'i(e, n. Mineral. A red A variety of titanite resembling eucolite in its 
properties and "containing oxids of the cerium and yt- 
tritnn earths. [< EITCOI.ITE* 4- TITANITE.] 

1 ,, L ya . cr irj.a, n. Bot. A unique genus 

"i ,.. 'm- ahriihK referrpil hv svstematists successively 
of '''" or 8llru , bli ' rt ' t ^ ecl by systunatibtb autciM-nilj 
to the St. -John 6-wort, the rose, and the saxifrage fami- 
lies, but now erected into the monotypic family, the Eu- 
cryphittcfie. Its 4 known species, 2 of Tasmania and 2 
of Chile, have opposite, evergreen, leathery, simple or pin- 
nate leaves, polypetalous flowers with very numerous sta- 
mens, and woody or leathery capsules. E. BillarAieri, one 
of the handsomest trees of Tasmania, 60 to 100 feet high, 
Is an ornamental shrub In greenhouse cultivation, with a 

PHOBIA, ken'o-pho'bi-at. es-col'ta, es-col'ta, n. [Sp.] An escort; convoy; guard. en"irra-iiit'ie, yu'gru-iilt'lc, a. Geol. Same as GHANI- 

er"Ka-an'drous, er'ga-tan'dros, o. Entom. Having -g-eol'tar, n(. [Sp.] To escort, convoy, or guard. TOID. 

wingless males: applied to certain species of ants. [< e"crl-ba'no, es'cri-bfl'nn, re. A hemirhamphine. flsh eii"kl-iie'ni-a, yfrki-nt'si-a, n. Med. Normal power 
Gr. ergaKs, worker, + anrr (andr-), man.] (/fypor/iamp/iv8unifaj>d<itu*eLm\I!.braMiensis)raug\ng of movement. [< Gr. eu, well, -f- kinesis, motion.] 

er"Ka-toe'y-nou, er'ga-tej'i-nus, a. Entom. Hav- southward from Florida, and found also in the East eu"fl-iie'l-a J. 

ing fecund apterous females: said of certain species of indies and Africa. [Sp., SCRIBE.] ba-la'o$. eu-inor'phoiiM, yu-m9r'fos, a. [Rare.] Well shaped. [< 

ants. [< Gr. ergatte, worker, + aynl, woman.] e'ahin, 1'shln, n. [Dial., Eng.l A pallor a shallow tub, Or. eu, well, + morplil, shape.l 

er'ea-told, er'ga-teid I a Having wingless indi- commonly used for carrying milk. eu-plio'rl-a, yu-fo'ri-a, n. Med. 1 . A sense of being 

\Tdualsof either sex; of the nature of a worker: applied eB^me-ral'da." irdo, n. Either _ of t . Wold Wl . n 2. Ability to bear pain. [<, vtM,+pheru. 
to certain species of ante. See WORKER. II. n. A Atlantic coast ffom Klorma tV, lira" I- (2i /;""/,"*""""' b(iur -] eu-pho'ry}. 

wingless worker ant that is fecund. [< Gr. erg ates, %"$&%"{' the West Indl,"s ^ftWoulf^t^f the e' phor - Ill '^S'5 r - i 1 5x B >- C - h ?"" A cok,rless crystal - 
worker, + eidos, form.] United States. Called also bacalhao xabara, erne- line compound (C.HnNO,), witharomaticodorandclove- 

er'go-grapb, (jr'go-grgf, re. An instrument for regis- rando, and endormi. like taste: used in medicine as an antirheumatic, ano- 

cofu. arm, ask; at, fare, accord; element, er = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, ; = renew; obey, no; nat, nar, atam; full, rule; but, burn; aisle; 
\!F CroeBreferencee to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

Ciipliyllitc 2129 feridgi 

amorphous aromatic compound (C,,H ]( U,.): used in + ipiclo, look. 1 ' ing from one to three hundredweight: a mercera' term, 

medicine as an alterative, antisyphilitic, and antiseptic. ex-tru'slv(e, a. [Additional sense.] Geol. Designa- [< It. fangotto, fagot.] 

[< Gr. eurSs, decay, + p/ienS, kill.] ting volcanic rocks poured out on the surface of the earth, faii-gui'to, fan-gt'to, . A kilhfish (Partita mttata) 

eii-Htat'lc, yu-stat'ic, a. Geol. Not subject to dcpres- Ex''u-eoii'tlaii, ex'yu-cen'shian, n. Ch. Hut. An of Cuba; guajica. 
sion or elevation: said of land. ' 


eu-syn'clilte, yu-sin'cait, n. Mi 
descloizite. [< Gr. eu, well, + synched, pour together.] joice], sung at the benediction of the paschal candle or "" He"was*so<m"dead, so w<> J wrapped him "up i 

rll-thal'llte, yu-thal'ait, n. Mineral. A compact vari- taper on Easter eve. huried him and all his effecta were taken to Zcki by his slaves, 

ety of analcite that results from the alteration of eloeolite. ex-ute', ex-ydt', vt. [Archaic.] To strip or deprive, as of SLATIN PASHA Fire and Siaord in the Sudan ch. 10, p. 186. 
f< Or. eu, well, + tliattos, branch 1 something with which one is clothed or endowed. [<L. [K. A. '97.] 

Jl_ _ _ ' , " i rX_l, T T__ - P.r-HtHS- lu'f PVT'TnRV 1 ,".. .>'.!.. f/ir 

f -------- joy, abnormal the opening c....,,^. ----- ----- 

optimism, or delusions of grandeur. in fauch, fan, a. [Scot.] Same as FALLOW, a., 1. 

ex-an'thal-lte, egz-an'thal-ait, n. Mineral. A white fau'cre, fS'ker, n. Mil. A rest for steadying a lance as 

hydrated sodium sulfate that is found as a whiteefflores- (-....../i-,... fa r 'i ana ,, rs.AfrDi Havlmr rnma frnm the bearer of it rides full tilt to the charge. [< F./Oux, 

cence, and is probably an alteration product of mirabi- HoUind. , <._falx, sickle.] 


Sot. aving uo appeuuages. L< EX- -(- AppKNDicu- live power; having a tendency 

face. [Additional senses.] Golf. I. vt. To stand before S.K'.'i"^ 68 ' a the relatlVC P roportlon of the con - 

I'blill av-BAl'aln i A vmrt+ni^l ,1, ..!.,.. I f*f,m tha /_ l-_ll^ :_ ~*_M-! *_>:. 11- _ -* _i_ji_, HULULUL HpCLleS. 

The analysis of the 

H. S. WlLLLlM8~Xiii7 Jour. Sc(. vol. liii, No. 78, p. 424. 

. . . . . 

ex-cel'sln, ex-sel'sm, m. A proteid derived from the (a ball) in striking attitude, for the purpose of striking; .. T ., . ... ., -,,,, 

fruit of the Brazil-nut. [< L. excebw, high.] hence/to hit <theT>all) with the face of the club full Tn ' " * 

ex-cl'tor, ex-sai'ter, n Physiol 1 . An afferent nerve the middle, when driving off from a tee. II. n. 1. 

flammation of the outer or peritoneal coating of the fac< 

intestines. [< EX- + ENTERITIS.] (j 

ex-for'cl-pate, ex-fSr'si-pet, re. [-PA'TED; -PA'TING.] gr< 

To extract with' or as with forceps: nonce-word. [< also coefficient of safety. 8O..7H.O), that crystallizes in the orthorhombic system. 

IX- -f L forceps forceps ] ' fae'tored.po. [Additional sense.] Sold or procured on iav"el-Hd'l-um, favVl-lid'i-um, n. [-I-A, p(.l Sot. 

l-liau'rl-eiit, ex-li8'ri-gnt, n A medicine that di- commission, or in the way of trade; specifically, in the A favella entirely embedded in the frond, or slightly pro- 

The period during which the Jewish exilarch existed. 

* equip with capacity; endow with practical ability. 
fa'cy. fe'sl, n. 

tish or rounded masses, septa and wall imperforate, sep- 

rhe country or persons over whom he ruled. 

tal margins dentate, and columella spongy. 

Dial.] Having face or assurance; audacious. 

es and rendering it useless. [< AS. feax, hair. 

examples. PBOF. L. M. UNDERWOOD In r jfould>. Miiaewi, pertainmg to the beech family. r*"ffi'%' r'<5.Aft'r>i smoii 11 Mr /=>, 

<m<i iiwrtrooMMpt ; .37, 38. Ex-o-as'cus, . (t. g.) [< faV'aldt, . A fagot. faK'iraldt. "dl'ti "guMied from cattl I genera" Comn,Fr?" 

Or. exo, without, + asiM, bag.] lau'=mas"tcr, . [Eng.] A public schoolmaster who f e ak", fik it [ Is or Pn i f To nuck w h " terkv move 

eoc/'o-cor'tex, ex'o-cer'tex, . o<. The outside bark employs fags. ineiit- seize with * jerk pltich or twist sliiirnlv ' nln 

ofatree. [< Or. exd, without, + L. cortex, bark.] faints, .fents, n. pi. Spjrits of an inferior grade derived feast.Y [Additional i>hrase.] -Feast of bedioaii.m, 

ex"o-mor'phlc, ex"o-mSr'fic, a. Geol. Belonging to from the purer product in the process of distillation. same as CHANUCA*. 

or characterizing the external effects produced on con- fair / "cop"y, far'-cep'i, . Law. A revised draft of a feath'ersferii", n. An ornamental branching herb 
tiguous rocks, by fused rock-material rising in fissures or legal document prepared for perusal of counsel or client. (Astilbe Juponica) of the saxifrage family (Saxifragaceai) 
vents. Such effects are the inclusion of fragments torn ' n general such a document Is In three forms, being llrst from Japan. It has triternate or pinnate leaves with 
from adjoining rocks, metamorphlc hardening, and the for- drafted, then fair-copied, and finally (when necessary, Md coarsely serrate, lanceolate leaficts and large branching 
matlon of new crystalline forms In such rocks: contrasted _ u , ic " generally on parchment) engrossed. clusters of small white flowers. Known also as Aatiltte 

wlthendomnrpliic. [< Gr. exo, without, +morp/tl, form.] talr'y, . [Additional compounds.] fnlr'iea =bath", n. barbatee, Spinra Japonim, and llnleia Japotika. 

Ex"op-ter"y-go'ta, ex'ep.te.r'i-go'ta, Entom. an ' c as FAIRY-OVPS -fairien'=hair, n. The thyme, fe-do'ra, fe-do'ra, re. A low-cut hut, as of straw or soft 

A ~...r,...~._.i .. ; . :ii- iu" r~ ..i 'i _ ii_ _ __.i_. (loHnt'r I f Knitti inn nni \ l i t>v-'llii v Rnnm UQ *_ij. .. ' T-_ L_*L' _..j. . 5_,___n. .. . 

Ofice Li*t [Brit ] 1902, p:314 leia-spaiiyoici, leia-epath'eia, n. J'etrol. one or a 

fa'kliig*box'% fe'king-bex", n. In life-saving ap- group of minerals which has essentially the composition 
paratus, a box specially constructed to hold the coils or ' a feldspar, and acts similarlyasa constituent of rocks, 

the national domain. 

ex"pan-som'e-ter, ex'pan-sem'g-tgr, n. An instru- 

ment for measuring solid substances in bulk. [< EX- fakes, of a shot-line, so that t 

spa/A, spear, + Gr. 

GUET (2). mouse.ear hawkweed. f.swecd, H. The English rag- 

ex-ten'nlve, a. [Additional sense.] Ayr. Designa- fa-lu'a, fu-lu'fl n [Sp 1 A felucca- especially In the Phil wcecl (Senecio Jacobsea). 

ting a method of cultivation in which the crop depends inplnes', a felucca having square sni'ii usually I'niiiie of mat- felt'er, felt'er, n. 1. A makcrof felt, or worker in felt. 
on the area treated rather than (as in intemnm agricul- ting, Instead of the lateen nulls of the Mediterranean craft. 2. Any bird that constructs itsnestof felt or of material 
ture) on the fertilization and care of a restricted area. fain, fain. [Slang. Eng.l 1, vt. To handle. II. n. The resembling felt. 
ex-ter', ex-ter', ct. [ Hare.] To dig out of the earth. [< hand; hence, that which adorns the hand; specifically, a fen'.lcn"til, n. Same as WATER-LENTIL, under WATER 

L ex, out, + terra, earth.) guld ring. ..,...._. fer'ber-Sie, fgr'bgr-ait, n. Mineral. A black ferrous 

extra-, comtnmng form. [Additional terms, etc.] ex". Fa"meuse', fa-muz', . [P.] An apple. See table tungstate (FeWO,), that crystallizes in the monoclinic 
trn-lat'er-al, a. Mining. Designating the right of tte under APPLE. system. [< R. Ferber, of Gera, Germany.] 

owner of a vein or lode to any extension of the same beyond Fam'l-Iy of Love. See PAMILIST. fer'for, fcr'fOr. n [S-AfrDl Uallwav traffic np tpuni- 

the side-lines of his claim, hut within the perpendicular faiti'ii-lar"?, fanryu-lar'l, a. [Kare.] Pertaining to ierr- portation, as of goods?by rail ' 

plane of the end.llnes.-ex"tra-inet'ric-al, a. Pros, ants. [< L. famulus, servant.] fer-ld'gl, fer-ld'ji. n. [Ar.] ' An Oriental hooded coat or 

ra = ot; ell; In = feud, |9 = future; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, i^k; so; thin; zb = asnre; P. bo*, dttne. <,from; t, obtolete; t, variant. 
= Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

fern 213O fluvloglacial 

cloak; a kind of gown or mantle worn by women. fcr-Jd'- more abundant on the Pacific coast, is also called fllaree flausht'bred, HaHt'bred, adv. [Scot.] With onttprcad 

jeej. fer-i'neStl fer-i'jce:. or altllaria. arms; hcnce^ eagerly. 


[Dial.. Eng.] An attachment for a plow, to shave 

IMIIUUUIIU ui HUUUII mill nun iiuueu iu HUM wiicn iiiuikcu, LU , , . 7. ,, 31 1_ j ,1 j nPPM 

Increase the proportion of silicon. [W.]-fer"ro-stlb'i- mg to level or artificially strengthen a depressed roadway flyil , n , .. t ^ ,.,., 

au. n. Mineral. A submetalllc black manganeseand Iron or the like; an embankment. 3. The locality or road- fler'ry, fler'i, vt. [FLER'RIED; FLER'RY-ING.] To split, 
antlmonate that crystalUzes In the monocllnlc system. way so treated. ag elate 

ler"ro-lel'lu-rUe,H. Mineral. A yellow Iron tellurate fl| 8 , fl 8 [FILS, p(.] [F.l Son: used after a name like flellh r , ' [Colloq.] To acquire flesh; grow fleshy or fleshier: 

(FeTeO 4 ), that Is found In minute prismatic crystals. English junior, to distinguish from his father a son of the chiefly wlthwu- as the convalescent is trying to ftexh up 

fer"ro-py'rln, I fer"o-poi'rm, -rtn, n. Cheni. An same name, as Dumas jtla; i. e., the younger Alexander fl esn / ell flugn'en I ri To flesh- put on flesh II. 

different flowers on the same plant. [W.] 

fes'tal let'ters. Same as PASCHAL LETTMS. flll"l-U''l-mal, fln'i-tes'i-mal, a. Moth. Denoted by m 1 ^ J^*"*,"^".^"- 1 rAll .._, , same as BASH.I-OI, 

fe-UI'o- s y, fes-til'o-ji, n. [-GIES, pi.] Eccl. A treatise the ordinal of a finite number. ''?' fll! dfl'sln I \ustrel 1 Tt^nnecMrttaMnfti 

on ecclesiastical festivals. [< L.ftetum, feast, + -LOGY.] flil'-keel", n. Navl. A fin-shaped keel; also, a vessel ttchnuiana) Called also stavewood and ash. 

fe-tol'o-gy{. having such a keel. See illustration under KEEL, fll-o'ma, fli-o'mo, n. A scorpsnoid food-fish (Sdxu- 

fe-llp'a-rouH, fg-tip'o-ros, a. Zool. Bringing forth fl'noK, fl'nOz, n. pi. Wool of the second grade from loden pinnlger) identical with the orange rockfish. Sec 

undeveloped young, as marsupials. [< L. //, fetus, merino sheep. [< Sp.jZno = FINE, a.] ROCKFISH 

4-pario, bear.] fin'ia. fln'ta, n. [Pg.] Taies paid to the synagogue: so fli pe , flolp, n. [North. Eng.] 1. A fold or lap. 2. The 

fe'ver, n. [Additional compounds, etc.] buck'et.fe"- called by the Sephardlm. brim of a hat. 3. A flake of snow. 4. A small detached 

T o move about clumsily or heavily. 

land tullp.tree. See under TULIP-TREE.- flre'weed 

n"brl-liu'ri-a, fabri-nitt'ri-a. n. Jferf. Chylaria that 

taieoa9 lat!on of the urine - [< L - 

charge, upon a non^on- 
b-eu. (**>"* a- 

A tdB stringy 

substance that is frequently found as a covering on the 
bodies of some insects, as a^hids. [< L.>cn B .ock of 

materia, made by ponnding the *&&!& "' [DW - ^^ A "-" P 01 "' "^ PU<i<lle - 
tld'dley, fld'li, n. Smtt. The iron framework around leaves of various European firs and pines, especially fl oe k, flflk. [S.-Afr. D.] I. rt. To swear. II. n. An 1m- 

the deck-hatch leading to the stoke-hole of a steamer; Pinug sylvestri*: used as a local application in rheuma- pree'ation; oath, 
also, the space below this. [< FIDDLE, n., 2.] tism. flr<wpol oil, see in table under OIL. flo're-ate, flo'rj. . 

H"<lf-i-roiii'ml*s, fai'de-oi-cem'is, n. Civil Law. flli, n. [Additional compounds.] finh'smold", n. Same forth into bloom; flower. [< L.Jloreo, flower.] 

fl"de-l-eom-mi'or, fai'd^-ai-cem-is'Sr, n. CivU spheres, In various climates. l< L. ftwus, cleft, + dens, fl ow . . [Additional sensc.l [Scot.] A particle or small 
Law. The creator of fldeicommiss. r . j . j part of anything. I < AS not, bit.] 

fl"de-I-j u'l-o, fai'de-oJ-ios'i-o, n. CivULaw. Same 8 'lon, n. [Addnionalcompounds.] Bs' 'gx, flow'aae, n. [Additional sense.] Mech. Deformation 
as riDEJussioN.- fl"de-I.J u.'.l-o-r) , a. giP' e ^& I S^S^^SliStobith'lSljDSS - Md of a eo! ' d bod ? l intermolecular movement like that of 

ffld'l-bu,nd',n, [Eng.] A paper match or pastil, aSon^ung? a viscous fluia ; distinguished from or opposed to /re- 

used chiefly for lighting pipes. nV'Mi-pn-ra'tion, fls'l-po-rf'shon, n. Biol. Same as FIB- _ 'i" 1 *' Sec SHEAR, n., 2. 

Held, n. [Additional compounds, etc.] fleld'.cor"ne- SIPARISM. flow'er.iiiB=box", n. Same as COWBKRKY. 

cy, n. Thcofflceofafleld^-ornet. f.,cres, n. Apepper. flst, foist, n. [S. & W. U. S.] SameasFicE. Hoiy'-llnes", n. fl. Geol. & Petrol. Lines of structure 

grass (Lepidiitm catnp&itre). Called also cowcre(*. fitch, v. [Additional senses.] [Scot. & Dial., North. Eng.] in igneous rocks indicating a flowing movement of the 
f.iffarlic, n. Bot. wild garlic. See under GARLIC*. f.. I. (. To remove to a short distance; also, to take up and material immediately preceding final consolidation. 
lane duck [Local, Eng.], a sheep's head baked. f., lay down again; to touch of ten. II. f. To move nervously fl ue , a . [Additional sense.] fbla!., Eng.] Lacking In 
wormwood, n. A European species (Artemlxta cam- from one place to another. strength; sickly. [Cp. OF. Jton, feeble.l 

pestrt*) growing on old ruins and dry places, thought by flt'ter, n. [Additional sense.] In Great Britain, one flue, n. [Additional sense.l A fishi 

the strength of the jfleld.hospltal equipment Is based on the jjaitet, .,< .To /right or terrify. KFLKK.U.] flu-o'ro-fo?m, fln-o'ro-ferm, n. (Jhem. A volatile 

number of men at the front. fla'kinK'box", fle'klng-bnx', n. Same as TAKING-BOX. linniH (flip 1 Af hiuh ru,rifl<- .rrovitv uniilnvniia tn 

Ag.n. [Additional phrases, etc.] [Austral.] blue fig, nnin"baitr', nanrbflzh 1 . n. [F.] The process of passing a rftnmfWm nrt Vvn ilnr i,ro.rti,i in^ also 

mreefElxocarpuJiarandt*) of the linden family (Tillacae). body or surface quickly over a flame, as for cauterizing, SSSahtaS^ffiSTSriiLr^Era J-%SH 
clustered flu, Ficun oloinerala. na'.molh", n. sterilization, or singeing. servictaoie lor etcning glass. [< FLUOR- -f- 

Entom. A gray moth (Epnestia canirUella) whose larvae fla-men'co, fln-mco'cn, n. [Sp.l A lutlanold flsh (Ltilianus flu'or-o-scope, flfl'er-o-scOp, n. A device for observ- 
infest dried ngs and other frulu, nuts, etc. flffiworm, gutttttns) of the Pacific coast of Mexico, one of the snappers, ing the shadows of objects cast by Roentgen rays, or of 
n. The larva of the flg-moth. Morelon Bay lite. Ftcuft fla'me-nea, flo/mG-nes, n. [Porto Rico.] A flamingo. bodies that in different parts transmit the rays in different 

' mat DM 


H-r'n-line, ng-yn-lirr, a. 1. nguuue. *. <japame 01 f - am | lv a'mbelltffrir) with Its short-pedlceled white Sowers excite a fluorescent light which Is least where the shadow 

being used in the manufacture of earthenware or porce- | n 8 | m ple umbels like those of the common sanlcle and a ' densest and vice versa, and this shadow IE readily visible 

lain. [< L.Jiftiltu, potter.] many-leaved Involucre longer than the flowers, resembling to tne e y es shaded from outside light. [< FLITOB- + 

Hir'ure, n. [Additional phrases.] Chladnl's figure* white flannel. Called also Australian edelwelsi. -BCOPJ.] 

" i), symmetrical curves or figures formed by sand f.imoth, n. Any moth of the Meanlopaatdse. "U-o"ro-cop'lc, a. Of, pertaining to, or con- 

powdered substance, after having brought It In contact with the fllefishes. Called also leathenflsh and llja. a flute that Is played through an orlflce or mouthpiece on 

a charged body: named for Ltcfitenberg, who first observed flat, a. [Additional senses.] l.f/ram. Having no in- the side, like a fife, transverse flutet. 

them.- Llssajous figure, same as LISSAJOOS CURVK. flectional or distinguishing ending, as an adjective used Flu"vl-a'le, fllTvl-S'lt/, or -0'lSs, n. nl. Rot. A group 

Sec under ruBVE adverbially. 2. Not varying with changing conditions; of aquatic plants, made by Ventinat, embracing the orders 

nl"a-ree', fll a-rt', n. 1 . The s pln^lover (Erodium ci- uniform; is, a/a< rate. JTalailacra!, Allanoeea, and HydroeharhliKta. Some 

mtariym); a corruption of alfilarta, the common form fl a i'=foot"ed, a. [Additional sense.] fSlang.] Racing modern botanists make it JMot/itir. [< L.Jlumo, flow.] 
of aVUerilla. See ALFILKRILLA. a. A congener of the standing still; unprepared: said of a horn- when the Jockey Bu'vi-o-nlaVial, fln-vl-o-gle'shlal a Oeol Same as 
preceding (Erodium motcliatum), which, being much Is not on the qul vlve and expecting a start. AO.VEOOLACIAL" 

ofo, firm, flsk; at, fare, accord; element, jr = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, | = renew; obey, no; net, nr, atjm; full, rflle; bnt, b8m; aisle; 
!^ Cross-references to words In the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

fluvtograph 2131 fructule 

niuxarim). Called also ll\ liniuii- and Hi mu-h- [< FORM(-IC) -f ALDEHYDE.] s-?.J/ii "fr7'i~? : i>nA7'7TFTv mr'tn* 

room. seeAM.vN,T.v..-lly,.aier, [Austral.] Asmall foVma . 1 '' ll ,, TeVma-lin, . An aqncouB eolation of fr f5.* 'iT/fray or f re as"ot ahc cd! "UT II. 2 

ftS TO .sKSf m E "ce' KMT-VSA "- Bv-'tlck H formaldehyde: a trade name, forTnolt. LSouthern U. S.J To become unraveled or frayed. 

IracA AnSdanmmMrnVm^ Chan. A medicinal fVaz Z / e ... is probably a doublet of frizzle,' .bowing the m, 

lives on the house.nj ; a small red . A compound due to the action of formic acid (oxalic acid ****"wk M*. nag*. , <,,,,,.,, ,>, fv , ,., , 
dipterous Insect (ZiciM ct-r6/te) which produces a mag- and glycerin) on cyanol or crystallin. [< FORMIC -f PEOF - JOH!i MORRIS ieHer to Standard Diet .Oct. l- 97. 

got destructive to mdons.-inoluca=fly, n. Same as MO- ANILID ] fraz'zKe, n. The state of being frazzled, literally and flg- 

rDCA.-oranee=fly, . Any one of various trypetine dip- f or -iiiat', fer-maf or fer'mg', . [FJ The form, size, and - ura ti\xMy; also, fraved ends 
terous insects whose maggots burrow into oranges, as Try- outer appearance of a book. Ireiillie, frith, m. & VI. [UlaL, bcot.l toam. 

' ' 

, w 

tty'catcll"er, n. [Additional phrase.] vermilion thick, made In the Pleistocene during the nrst glacial re- disc so o sc . 

flycatcher, a reddish tyrannld flycatcher, especially PI/- treat, over the Mississippi valley to the Gulf, and along the f rom FOB (free on board) 

ffKfphiilunrubmrm of Mexico Atlantic coast from Maryland to South Carolina. Formerly free'. board", n. [Additional sense.] Land immedi- 

<l> illjr'liwli , n. [Additional phrase. snarpmosea called orange sand and Api>oinattox formation. ntplv nrHninintr nri inst nntsidp the fpnceor outer bound 
nviiiB=fih. aflying.flsh (Foilmtor acutiu) of both trop- -Potomac f. (Geol.), the lowest division of the Cre- SFSifl! 

Icfil Alneriean coasts, the Gulf of California, and else- taceous period in the Atlantic and Gulf area of the United W of a P 1 !* or ,t or ' ; ? 1 t , ,1, KT , claimed to a 
wnere States distance not exceeding 2J feet from the fence. 

fly'wort", flai'wurf, n. Any species of Catasetum, a forme, 'ferm, n. Print. Same aa FORM, n., 13. free'*se-lec"tion, i. [Austral.J Same as SELECTION, 3. 

genus of tropical American orchids. for'ml-cate, fSr'mi-ket, vt. [-CA'TED; -CA'TING.] To -free'.se ; lect"or, n. 

a a ___ L_ jin^.i ... s*.u_ . _- i.^ .1 ___ . __ j __ ____ .1^,1 ...i*u ri**>*>'fcl.n . in 71-O. ti. tin 

Poe-iilc'ii-lum, fg-nic'yu-lum, n. Hot. An Old World for'niol, f8r'in!>l, n. C/iem. Same as FORMALIN*. frel'berE-lte, froi'berg-oit, n Mineral. An argen- 

,,..,..>.. * tail mLUM on/1 i,.,.,K I .:,,,,,,;., I - , .. .... ., L , , i ., I fAp/nfi or.i". f fir' nrfllzV n. I Archaic. 1 An excentlon or area- .. " e . . . . : P. jV^ ^ p^a\h^n citv in 

' frere Jacques, Mr/hflc. [F.] Literally, brother James; a 

nnuRn'rn > FSnl Tn Snaln ami <5nanlsli countries a poratlon, as payment or part-payment for the good. will, disposed to explorers or invaders. 

hotefor imi P lant - or other valuable property assigned, or for services Friends of Light. Same as FREE CONGREGATIONS. See 

r..,','.i,iL fAn'rtTTir n rv Afr n Samp AH p-o^nA* fan. rendered: distinguished from shares constituting the paid- under CONGREGATION. 

rfnVni'. tv, ,'.lnWt i Ain'.lurfct ' P P' <" the company. 1 1 i, s.-'i I .-, fris'ait, n. Mineral. A metallic brown to 

100% fchin ] SameasFu" Fou"qul-er'a, ftt'ki-er'a, n. Bot. A genus of spiny black silver-iron sulfld (AgjFe,8 8 ), that crystallizes in 

lbors"cic'e-ly, n. Same as DOG-PARSLEY. shrubs or small trees of the tamarisk family (Tamaris- the orthorhombic system, and is closely related to Bteru- 

I'oot'age, fut'gj, n. Mining. The payment of miners cintie), embracing about three species found m Mexico bergite. [ < F. M. von Friese.'] 

Compare CORDAGE. and California. F. formosa, with scarlet flowers in tor- frl"jo-ll'to, fri'HO-li'Wi, n. A tree (Sophcrra secundi- 

road, up which coal is brought. [< FOOT + RILL.] singly. [< F. fmtrche, for'k.l flowers are cut or fringed and variously colored. Called 

foot'=scab", n. A scab-disease that attacks the legs and four'ieyed" fish. Same as FOUR-EYES. also butterfly sflower. 

feet of sheep: caused by a mite. Compare SCAB, ., 2. fotir'Mome, n. A game, especially of golf, in which fri'son", fri'zeir, n. [F.I 1. A metal pot orthcllkeln which 
foot'=8ec"ond, . flyilraul. Same as SECOND.FOOT'. four players take part, two on each side. In golf the to keep food a. A woolen fabric formerly made at Poltou; 

loo'zle, r. ["Additional senses.] I. t. To handle or partners play alternately with the same ball. fritfrf."^ "'fritn'^n I Dial' J ? ng 1 A bouth or branch used 

execute awkwardly or clumsily; fumble. II. t. To be fox'glove^n. [Additional phrase.]- false foxglove, fr " r h wa ttling A bough or 

clumsy or display awkwardness ; exhibit a want of skill see DASYSTOMA. frog, n. [Additional phrases.]-Catholic frog [Austral.J, 

or cleanliness of manipulation; fumble, especially m golf, fox'ter, fex'tgr, . [Scot] The foxglove, fox'trfej. a f f^ K (x ot ,i,i en tennetttfi bearing on the back a dark- iiiark- 

lorce'put", fora'puf, n. [Dial. ,Eng.] A choice or an act carriage of sheets of glass. fron'-div'o-roim, fren-div'o-rus, a. Feeding on fronds 

made necessary or unavoidable by circumstances. frame, n. [Additional senses.] Pool. (1) The triangular nr f n lio(r<. 1^ T t't-nni leaf -4- rm-n eat 1 

for'cher-lte, farther-alt, n. Mineral. An orange- f ra me in which the balls are bunched ready for the break, vit riclilitimal senses I rimner Turn to the 
yellow opal colored wfth orpiment.. (2) The balls as thus arranged. (3) One game played fr f ^: 6 ^ facing the fron?:' a n Sv command 

tore,mterj. Golf. Before : a warning to any person that with such a set of balls. front faor+ II <; Phon Uttered bv uie of the 

stands in the way of a stroke or of the ball. francke'ltc, franc-ait ; n Mineral. A metallic black f^" "or * me + r"mo\r P ortion rf thfupUr side of the 

fore-, pr^/to. [Additional terms.] fore-lo'per, n. [S.Afr.] lead-tm-antimony sulfld that is found massive. [< Carl nn<nie 

Same as FOBE-LOOPER, under FORE-, fore-lou'pert. - and Ernst Francke. mining engineered front'tpd" front'sted' n FDial Ene 1 A front 

lore'pole, . Mining. I. (. To shore up, by placing poies p--../..-...!.:!,.. fmn'rofil I &re 1 fa Characterized 1 ' j , , iruni sieu , n. ixiui., jmg.j A ir 

or other supports In front of, so as to prevent caving when b? x-tn fr eiuilmess for the French " IT i; One who 5' ard or B arden - 

undermined II. (. To secure and strengthen an excava- f/go affeSed l i< : FRAOT- + Or pWfrB love'] froom, frOm, a. Pious: used by the Jews. [< G. 

tlon by shoring, or adjusting poles. frail"Kl-pail'I'i>laill", n. The red jasmine (Plumiera fromm, pious.] 

for'eB-ite, fSr'es-ait, n. Mineral. A pearly white fi .J? E i-KANripANi frost'=nls"iial, n. Meteor. A signal indicative of ex- 

hydrated calcium-sodium-aluminum silicate (H 10 CaNa. r r ,,nii'Viir< ' -r frank'fiirt er n A hiehlv seasoned pected frost, consisting of a white flag with black center: 

Km to SAX T<tt ^S2Bl ! ^aRS l K?fi S3S thc united state8 weath " r ^^ in BOUthern 

/otr<wi, of Porto J p errajo, Elba.] Mage - L< ^ran*//f, city 11 er " froW Bt, f roust, tit. [Eng.] To rest or repose lazily; 

^wanlbT^Vopt^?^ 1 f* 1181 1 - 1 The ^""frankAand-Ite.frank' Mineral. A white J 011 -,,,^ FROWZY.] fro ustj 
for-jtet'miemot", n. [Additional phrase.l wild forget* hydrated calcium-sodium borate (CaNa-jBaOn-THnO), fru< I-loriii, ir i-rerm, a. Kesempling or i 

me. not, same as QUAKER-LADIES. that is found massive. [< Dr. Frankumd, English ung fruit; fruit-shaped. [< L.fructus, fruit, + -FORM.] 

fork, ot. [Additional sense.] Chess. To make a move chemist.] fruc-tiv'o-rons, fruc-tiv'o-rus, a. Living or feeding 

by which two pieces are attacked at the same time, so frank'lln-lze, frank'lin-aiz, vt. [-IZED; -I'ZING.] upon fruit. [< L.fructus, fruit, + voro, eat.] 
that only one can escape, as in giving check, and at the To deal with or treat after the manner adopted by Ben- fruc'tule, frnc'tifll, n. One of the partsof a compound 
same time attacking another piece. jamin Franklin. fruit. [Dim. ; < L. Jructue, fruit.] 

an = out; ell; lu = feud, JO = future; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ii.k; HO; thin; >h = azure; F. boA, dtine. <,from; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
&f~ CroBS-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

fruendal 2132 gavaul 

l ru. ii-ilnl. IfrO'en-dal, frfl'en-div, a. Devoted to fu'aoid, fiQ'seid, a. Fusiform. [< L. fume, spindle, point toward a cathode. [< GALVANO- + Gr. taseS, ar- 
fru'en-dlve, (the satisfaction of desires, as fruendal + Gr. eidoe. form.] range.] gal-van"-ta''tlc, a. 

wealth. |< L.fruor, enjoy.] Fu"Hiil-lii'i-<tie, fln'sul-in'i-di or -de, n. pi. Palfonl. Bam'bo, gam'bo, n. [Prov. Eng.] A sledge-like vehicle 

IVuil'=eha"rer, n. A beetle See CHAFKRS. A family of perforate foraminifere, identical with Xum- used In farming, lumbering, etc. 

frult'=8pur". n. A small branch whose growth is ar- mu iitidm. See GEOLOGICAL CHART, 4c. [< Frsui-us.] ssam'e-to-pl.ore, gam'e-to-for, n. Bot. The leafy stem 

rested for the development of fruit-buds. fut'tah, fut'a n [Austral 1 A storehouse for grain set which arises from the thallus m certain mosses and sup- 

frnn'dKet, n. A dry measure equal to two pecks. upon posts, so as to be rat-proof . fut'terj. ports the sporophyte. [< Gr. gamete, wife, + phored, 

rru"tI-<-e'uni, fru-ti-si'tum, n. [-TA, pi] An arbore- fu-ur'wa, fa-Or'wg, n. [S.-Afr. D.J Same as YSTERPERD'. bear.] 

turn for fruit-shrubs or the like. gam'ma-cism, I gam'a-sizm, gam'a-siz'mus, it. 

The fruttcetnm (of the New York Botanical Gardens] occnplm smil"llia--ln'llHI, 1 Inability to utter guttural Con- 

an adjoining upland plain. Pnp. Science Monthly June, 1900, p. 178. |J sonants, as g, k: defective pronunciation of gutturals: 

[< L.frutex (frutic-) bush, shrub.] guttural stammering. [< Gr. letter yamma.] 

fru-tlc'u-luB, fru-tic'yn-lus, n. [-u,pl.] A small shrub. gab 6 n SameasOAi-B gniii'iner, gam'er, ri. [IMal., Eng.] To Idle. 

, [D .'- m : ^-A"^' Bhrub -J , . aa'bi, gfl v bt, n. [Philippines.] A plant with a turnln-llke 'VS^JSR^^f.^^^ig^.f-^'^^ ' 

fa, fu, n. IChln.l A provincial department formed by sev- root used by the natives for food, though of very Inferior 
eral districts which are united for governmental purposes, quality. 

. 'ped 

in a series of forms (alternation of generations), different 
from the adult parent, thus bringing about a return to 
the parent form. 

Oamobium takes place when the offspring develop generative 

vice lor tne measurement 01 num pressure oaseu on tue organs, the next generation reverting to the parent type. 

jv/itla macnlata) of the mvooorad amllv principle that Increase of pressure In a fluid contained In a WILLIAM L. SHEKWOOD Letter to Standard Diet. Aug. 21. 1901. 
(JfyoporinesE). curved tube tends to straighten the tube. [< Gr. garrm, marriage, + biof, life.] 

Fiirh'Nl-an, a. [Additional phrases.] Fuehatan Ga'se-a, ge 'jg-a OT-gg'ge-a, n. Bot. A considerable . Bnillol ,s Hl fflx. Derived from Gr. gamo*, marriage. 
function (Math.), a function that remains constant when genus of Old W orld herbs of the Illy family (Ltliacelf), and used extensively In botany and zoology, signifying 
any linear substitution of the corresponding Fuchslan group formerly included in Orrtittiogahtm, but distinguished marrying, or uniting for reproduction; as, \to\ygamous, 
Is substituted for Its argument. F. irroup, a group of from it by the more marked adherence of the stamens cryptoffrtmOM*, etc. 

, [s co t.] To cat greedily; gulp. 

uu iiiouo uj u,,u- ijia-lac'tl-a, gg-lac'shi-a, or -ti-a, n. Hot. A genus natives 

ing together sugar, chocolate, and auxiliary ingredi- o f prostrate or twining herbs or erect shrubs of the bean gaii'gan", gan'gan', n. [Austral.] A cockatoo (Callo- 
ents -fudge'-mold", n. A hnotype-mold adapted to fam i] y iLemminotie)- the milk-pcas- growing mostly wpA.ifr. ' " 

:g mostly ceplxiloii gateaximy, the male of which has a red erectile 

- v - - , galactose: noting an acid identical with lactonic acid, swelling.] 

fnst'jier-ite, fug'gr-ait, n. Mineral. A green mixture gee LACTONIC. f< Gr. gala, milk, 4- LACTONIC.] gan'ta, gon'tg, n. [Philippines.] 1. A dry measure, the 

of akermanlte and gehlenlte in which part of the calcium K a"la-fa'tr, gu'lQ-ffl'te'. n. A fish. Same as CAL \FATE*. equivalent of 2 quarts and 1% pints. !j. A liquid measure, 

is replaced by magnesium and iron, that crystallizes in ua'lah", gu'lu- or ge'lfl', n. [Austral.l An Australian cock- the equivalent of 3 liters. 

the tetragonal system. atoo having gray and rose-pink plumage; a rose-breasted sa-mi'es. KU-U es, ji. [Philippines. 

fu-i'a, fSTo, n. [Samoa.] The metallic starling (Stur- cockatoo: the native name. _J5S te ffi.JKif?S2:, r^,., 

] An oar of a boat: a 

[Additional sense.] [Dial., Eng.] Gravelly sand. 

shaped Ibng-pctioled shining leaves at the base of a tall troublesome Old World weedOlf/ium rineale), with slender, 

air-tight chamber or apparatus for an arboretum, etc., to 

smoke^olored. (2) Having no relation to isoplestlc lines. Karn, gurn, n. [Dial., North. Eng.l Tarn or worsted. 

fu-nani'bu-liHm. flu nam'blu-lizm, n. [Rare.] The art of gale'axc, gfl'SJ. n. [Local, Eng.l Eng. Law. Same as Ifar'sil, gur'sll, n. [Dial., North Eng.] Brushwood ued 
a funambulist. OALIAOE. for making hedges, also for fuel. 

Fu-na'rl-a, flu-ne'ri-a or -ng'ri-Q, n. Bot. A genus of ga-lee'ny, ga-li'ni, H. [Obs. or Prov. Eng.] A guinea-fowl. Kar'stoii, gar'stun, n. [Archaic.) A grassy enclosure; 
acrocarpous mosses, having a pear-shaped capsule with sra-li'nyt. field; paddock oter'sloiit. 

peristonw single, double, or entirely wanting, and a vesic-Ga-le'sa, ga-li'ga or -16'ga, n. Bot. A small genus gs. f<- [Additional sense.] To saturate W1 th gas, as 
ular calyptra. F. hygrometrica, a cosmopolitan species, f erect perennial Old World herbs of the bean family "\e in cnlormation 

has Its seta very hygroscopic, twisting when dry and straight- (Ltguminofx), with odd-pinnate leaves and blue or white gas'ooil, n. [Additional sense.] Same as HOUSE- 
enlng when moist. |< L. fun is, rope.] flowers in racemes. (I. offlctnalis, with blue flowers, is MACKEREL (I). 

fun'el.n. Plural of FIINOUS. Fungi imperfeeti (Bot.), the common goat's-rue of ornamental cultivation. See Batili'gnb-bit, gasn'gab-it, a. [Dial., Scot.] Having a long 
Imperfectly known fungi, or those whose true characters OOAT'S-RI-E. T< Gr. gala, milk, + ago, lead.] or projecting chin, 

and relationships are unknown. Including especially those Ga"lc-op'sI,ge - Lwgg']l-ep'sis,n. Bot. A small genus gas'kln, gae'km, n. The hinder part of a horse's thigh, 

r?,Hno-Tr. l; Ga"li"bi', g9'l!'bf ', n. pi. A native tribe of French Guiana tienBiiesj.-ras"iro-cepn"n-li'tlH, n. FOUUX. Slmul- 

by rollmgup leaves, one of the snout-beetles. of the cariblTean stock fc.und fonnerly In the Antilles, taneous infTammatlon of stomach and brain.- sras'tro- 

fu'rune, nur, n. Mem. hame as FURFUKANE. fu'ran}. Compare CARIB. |< e;ARin.| cael.n. Blol. The primitive enteron or alimentary cavity. 

lur'ral, for col, a. Same as FURCATE Gal"l-pe'a, gal'i-pt'a or -pe'a ;i Bot A genus of ra'tro-ctelet. GaK"lro-my-ce'tes. Bot. Same 

Fur-crae'a, fur-crt'a or -cre'a, n. Hot. A genus of trop- troniciS \merican i rubVor siiiaJI tiof the ni^fcrnni a8 UAsrEito>iYc-ETKs.-ifa"ir.pul'iiio-iia.ry, a. 7*j- 

ical American herbs of the amaryllis family (Amaryllida- (Kr'al " O/mn,- <; fun i" es \nmstura bark """' <)f or P CT 'iing to the lonraand to the stomach.- 

a), closely allied to the genus Agart, and often "culti- ,,.j||?h*rv Sal'lSn SS? BaB"trox-yn'is, . Palhol. Extreme acidity of the 

af. u 1fA.. ,^.r, t. .,...,.,) Q ^,.J..^ .,...!,. ..1,1 Y, rt -_ W<r ij-.asni 1111,11. OOIIIL MO in ft, _lt ,lt K 1 , 1. WtOTllIK'l). If 11 ^"l r<l.y n'dl (I. }> . Zf)f)l A ZOOffl. 11R ()f A 

, . . 

ftolilacli. ea"t ^o-zo'oid, n. Zool. A zoold, as of a 

roll. 2. The act of furling or state of being furled. 

f- \JT. elaos, rorm J KHI-I n ' uz-uw , 7(. irrov. i An iron erally 

fur'wa, fur'wo, n. [Ar.] A chamols-skln. far'walet. ^.".T " 15 " t f t 1 acl 1 ' 1 V d at the back or side of a chimney from gnn"ae-a'mu8, gSMc-f-'mus or gou'dt^'mus. n. [L.] A 
H. ordered th. to, to bring U,e K,. which h. laid on a aJRJ2.S* O JeTwffirt-T '&SS? TOAD FF AX 1 college students' merry-making: so called from tne first 

/unra. and called on o to swear eternal allegiance to him. "J". 1 f 61 w "rt . Same as TOAD.FLAX 1. word of the song beginning " Gaudeamus Igltur " (let us 

SLAT PASHA Fire and Sword in the Sudan ch. 111. p. 221. al-phliii'l-a. , gal-ftm'l-a, n. Hot. A small genus of therefore rejoice). 

, , . piece _ _ , 

made of an alloy that melts at a low temperature: used gal-van"o-tax'l, g; 
in electrical circuits to protect instruments, etc., from ' 
too Btrong currents. Caned also Mreivftiae. 
famhl, fuht. inter). [Dial.. Scot.] Hush' whist! 

jofa, firm, cjgk; at, fare, accord; element, jr = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, no; net, nr, atm; full, rule; hot, born; able; 
&g- Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

2133 gimp [Scot.] To stare open-mouthed; gape. property of living protoplasm that directs its growth in eliaat'ly, ggst'li, adv. Like a specter; horribly; fear- 

ItawfigSf. . [Dial., Scot.l To laugh boisterously. this line, as in treotropism. [< (jr. til, earth, + tutio, fully, gast'lyt. 

Baw'ney, KA'nUi. [Colloq. Eng.] A simpleton. arrange.] ge-o-tac'Uc, a. glia'zlsm, gfl'zizm, n. The dominating habits, customs, 

1S3SS&' JflYuin^ ',,"' i v. I i The eeb jiV'.uali'ni Co, ' ge"o-tec-oi'lc, jfo-tec-ten'ic, a. Geol. Relating to and practises of the ghazis, or Mohammedan fanatics. 

,~\ fofb'i^a: > of Java th e structure of the rock masses of the earth's crust llliil'Bai, nU'RuI, n. [lustral.] A depression of thc ground, 

ueb'bie Keb'i [Dial Scot] The crop of a fowl; also, and to their shape, composition, and distribution. [< sometimes in feet deep and lui yards wide, which retains 

Ihe humJn stom^cfi. Gr. gl, earth, + tektd. make.] rain-water. Itjs similar to but deeper than a clay.pan: an 

(;e-hiii'iioi7i."Bf : -hln'om, n~ 'Same as GKHKNNA 

ireisr. jig, pi. [North. Eng. & Scot.] Same as CREAK. 

Siel'kle-lUe, gai'ki-lait, n. Mineral. A metallic 
bluish-black magnesium titanite (MgTiO s ), that crystal- 
lizes in the hexagonal system. [< Sir Archibald (feikie, 

B-.l K t frt * IOOK 1 71. Ji mama lor Herman ways; uvi-r-iouum-ss lur ur linn 

olomst !..] tlonof things German by a person not German. G..IIIH 

-II ri r& c ILO n TII Liuu ui iiiiiigB wnumu LV .1 ucrvuu uvii urwuinu. i . ,;iiiii - ^>"" > - 

Bt-ill. Jil, . [North. Eug.& Scot.] Jeny. ni-ac, ;i.-er"ina-nopU'il-ist, n. An ardent admirer glioxl'ulllp, gOst'ship, n. The state or quality of a 

B ei"o-thpr'inal, gal so.ther mal, a. & n. Ofol. Same as or uph ' older of tll( , GerniaSs.-Cler'ma-iio-phobe", n. ghost; hence, the title by which ghosts may be supposed 

... t f KMA^I.. _ ^ ^ A 1 't One who hates or distrusts Germany, or that which Is Ger- to be jocularly addressed. 

-. .^ .-., r -.-|., i MUUBU, gaiS O-8pgr mum, ??. Sot. A At tnis perioa U81DJ \J. J. junKiinn, at wermaniown, r-ennsyi- ; t 

genus of tropical South-American trees of the dogbane vanin, built a carriage for James Duval, of the same place, which. J XT,- B , ,'. v 

familv(.4pocnaraa). It contains but two known species, on account of its noveltj, was called the Germontoim.mcompli. glioul'lsli-ly, gfll isn-li, arf!). After the fashion of a 

the more Important one, O. Ixn, having a tonic febrifugal """>' ""> ?'". then a small settlement located seven miles ghoul; fiendishly. 

bark. [< Gr. getssos, hem, + sperma, seed.] "tol? fc2?4 wSSSfSftpfcd. rfi 9 123 r.rrnR'7S l S an * [Additional phrases.] giant poppy, a Call- 

ueit'je, galfye, n. [D.] 1. A little goat. a. Same as HZEA M. STBATTON wonaon wneeia en. , p.. [AUTHOR /.] fornla shrub (Romneya Coutten) of the poppy family 
ETJE*. ger-mlg'e-nons, jgr-mij'e-nus, o. Germ-producing. (Pnnaveracea), 6 to 8 feet high, with large white flowers. 

eel, jel, m. Biol. To set into a protoplasmic aggregation [< OERM + -GENOUS.] Called also white bush poppy. 

of tissue; coagulate by setting; jellify: said of tne gel- ger'mln, Jgr'mln, c. I. (. To cause to bud or germinate, gl'aiit stride. A gymnastic contrivance consisting 
atinous protoplasm of nerves [< L gelo freeze] II. * To begin to bud or germinate. [< 'L.germen, sprout.] of a mast with a revolving bead, from which depend 

gel, n. BM. Protoplasm comprising gelatin or albumen B , r '"! 5rlie ".. 1/ , ropes, each of which is provided with a short bar to be 

in a jelly-like state- a colloidal substance in a coagulated ger'inlii-a-blle, jsr'mm-a-bl, a. Capable of germma- grasped by the hands of a performer. When the players 
condition forming protoplasmic nerve-material. See HY- "2!L.. __.._ __ v . _..,.. E"^^'2B.!^_KS Ii ei 8 E5^2S!*SSSH 

Ge-rid'l'-umf'lg-lid'i-om, re. Bot. A genus of red algse g!r'"'mT- n n ip?a-Viusriermi-*'n'ip'a-ro8,*'a. "sot. Pro- "?"' in b L c ^"S time r S T a . fte " a . rd - 
(Floridex) with gelatinous branching fronds. Several ducing herbs or seeds. [< L. germen, sprout, + pario, 'Vshlin'd'fnS'an'hiooS' ,m. P Vitn" A person of mixed Span- 
species are used by Japanese and Chinese for food, bear.] Bib'beH, glb'er, H. [Austral.]' A rock or stone : an abo- 
[< L. gelidus, cool.] Kr'na-tiv(et, a. Given to peevishness; querulous. rlglnal word, irhlb'bert. Bib'bcr=Kun"ynh, glb'er. 

gel'ls-nlte, jel'ig-noit, n. An explosive containing eer // o-mor / pbl8in, jer'o-mer'flzm, n. Med. The gun'ya, n. [Austral.] A hollow under an overhanging rock; 
nitroglycerin. See list of HIOU EXPLOSIVES (4), under condition of appearing old ; aspect of seeming older than rock-shelter ; cave-dwelling. 
EXPLOSIVE, n. [< L. gelum, frost, + igriut, fire.] one's years. [< Gr. gerdn, old man, -\-inorphe, form.] gib'bon 2 , n. [Dial.] A sand-eel. 

ge-li'lah. gC-lal'la, re. fHeb.] The cerembny of removing Ger-on'o-mlte, jer-en'o-mait, n. A follower of 8t. glVby, jib'i, n. [GIB'BIES, pi.] 1. Same as GIB", n. 
the mantle that covers the scroll of the law so that It may Jerome- a monk of the Hieronymic order- Hieronymite 2. An article of confectionery made in the form of a 
beunrolled_ [< Sp. fferOTwno, Jerome.] Cer-on'y-mUe$. hooked stick. [< OF. gibbe, sort of arm.] glb'by. 

own Eome, and under the shade of a widertpreading aemmaiza genus of tropical American perennial herbs of thegesner- when In flower, and especially after rain, thc odor of the 

tree. sat .and read the Knran. =" Psni Fire and Suard in wort f am j ly (Gesnerocex), often cultivated for their hand- tree Is so disagreeable that It Is called the st ink ln K acacia, 
en. mi, p. aa. [K. A. K.J some flowers which range in color in their various species ttid'l-at! Kitl'jcet; eyd'yat. 2. A slender spear 

{eni-iiiin'ifi-a, Jem-mln'Jl-a, re. Bot. Same as PAEDAN- and varieties from mirnle and scarlet to yellow and white made by native Australians from the wood of the gldgec. 

THCS. r p m , rn ,i vnn rJinef 1 ' Gl-fo'la, gi-fo'la, n. Bot. A genus of herbs, generally 

gen"er-a'tlon-lsm, jen-gr-e'shon-izm, re. Theol. -.i.^Vate' ies'tet' I vt r TA'TED- TA'TINQ T 1 included in FUar/o, from which it is made distinct by 
Gl!ne'vaown CI Tc?- See GOWN t and lllus To dCTel P ^ the P roc ' e88 of gestation. 2. Henci, flg- B^tatonfata. O. Gervutnica is identical with F. Ger- 

.-X BBt51,gS!S >J ifebT-A small uraUvely to evolve as though by gestation; as , to gettate jg^^ Sen9e , [Obe . or p^. Eng , A blzarre 

room, closet, or other repository for damaged manuscripts, a scheme. 11. a. sSjetit or person ; whimsical llgure. 

attached to most synagogues. ge'ta-tlv(e, jcs'tQ-tlv, a. Of or pertaining to gestation. L^,,^ j ai .n<taiz, *. [-TIZED; -TI'ZINO.] To 

B pa^f r *ne Je we 8 t U Inales'- me oAhe < pte 5'! CM ges"ta-to'rl-al, jes-ta-tq'n-ul, a. Same as GESTATORT : 8 ell to SSifle irronortions: mkke to seem rfikntlc. 

jan"is-a / ryi. 

ge"o-bot'a-ny, ji'o-bet'a-ni, n. That branch of botany ges-tlc'u-lant, jea-tic'yu-lant, a. Addicted to ges- gig; as, giggixh aspirations. 

which treats of plants in their geographical distribution, ticulation; gesticulative. ges- tlc'u -la"clous}; glg'gle-niciit, gig'l-mfint, n. The act of giggling. 
[< OKO- + BOTANY.] ges-tlc'u-la"rl-oust. glg'ale-some, gig'1-sum, a. Inclined to giggle; given 

ge-och'po-ny, jg-w'ro-m, n. Geol. The chronolog- ges-tlc"u-la'tlv(e, jes-tic'yu-le'tiv, a. Characterized to giggling. 

leal classification of the earth's history in accordance or accompanied by gesticulation ; geeticulatory. gljj'ster, gig'stgr, n. A horse driven, or used for driving, 

with established principles. [< Gr. gl, earth, + chro- ge-sund'heit, ge-sund'halt, re. [G.J Health: a salutation in a gig. 
noe, time.] to a person who has sneezed; a toast. eiffue, zhtg, n. [F.] Mas. A lively dance for one or more 

Ge"of-frte'a, jfef-fri'a, n. Bot. A genus of tropical get 1 , re. [Additional senses.] 1. Coal-mining. The persons; jig. 

American trees of the bean family (Leguminosie), with produce of a colliery during a stated season or period. Gi'ln trout, Hi'la traut. Acyprinold fish. Same as BONY- 
odd-pinnate leaves, fetid yellow flowers, and edible seeds. 2. Prav. Gainings; specifically, a blacksmith's earn- .T*";V. _ n , hal .. rp _ Sam 
Of the four known species, G. inermix has, by some bota- ings under the Crowley system. "II/K ,. 'iv rt I S ' m. V, , , .,',v*,V ,n?,', nu1 

nists, been placed In the genus Andira. See JAMAICIX. getf, n. Among the Jews, a written bill of divorce pre- Ell 'bert, gil l)crt, n. Elei: A jnictcal magnetic unit 
[< E. F. Geofroy, French physician.] e"of-froy'ai. pared according to prescribed form; also, the divorce Itself. See under UNIT. [< William Gilbert (1540-1603), English 


TONOUK. [< QEO- + Gr. qlfima .tongue.] ous, but actually harmless, gelt'jej. gill 1 , jii, vt. [Additional senses.] 1 . To eviscerate or 

- e p/. n .^V i";,'ll*' i? n ' m v" 6d - ; , Vn : S ? *- / ' Hottentots have a great dread of the getje, believing that if it prepare for cooking: said of fish. 2. To remove the 

e-om 'e-trol'de-a, re-ein e-trei'ds-a, n. pi. Entom. bite , tht . nl thcy will u ^ just , enough ? ^ e i ch home or at most jjiiis from said of a mushroom elll'er, n. 
A superfamily of small lepidopterous insects, generally till sundown. Pop. Science &o,ithl a Dec., 1902, vol. hdi, p. us. fl,. B j & j, { DlaL] To drlnk , -,, and frequent quan- [< GEOMETBA + -OID.] gcl'linu, get'llng, n. [Scot.] Same as OETI, re.. 2. titles; Indulge In sipping. 

ge-om 'e-trol'de-an, a. Oe^uin, ji'um or ge'ura, n. [L.] Bot. A genus of gill', n. [Slang.] A fellow: 

, , . . , .. . 

trol'de-an, a. Oe^uin, ji'um or ge'ura, n. [L.] Bot. A genus of gill', n. 

[Additional note.] perennial herbs of the rose family (Hosace&), with odd- gill; a 

be classified (1) according to the method of pinnate or deeply pinnatifid leaves, purple, yellow, or Bill 8 . 

, . . , . . usually qualified; as, a queer 

ge-om'e-try. [Additional note.] perennial herbs of the rose family (Hosace&), with odd- gill; a flash gill. [< Gael, gille. lad.] 

Geometry may be classified (1) according to the method of pinnate or deeply pinnatifid leaves, purple, yellow, or Bill 8 . [Jamaica.] The sum of 3 farthings: a popular 

cording to the treatment or Its purpose, as descriptive, pro- 
jective, and metric; or (4) according to the axioms with 
which it sets out, aa Euclidean and non* Euclidean, the lat- 
ter embracing elliptic and hyperbolic. See phrases under S e .y . . ^ . . ------------ , ---- , 

hngitc containing sulfur. 4- GAUPUS, < GAPE.] 

+ GAUPU8, < GAPE.] 

Il'liiiff-Ite, eU'ing-ait, n. Mineral. A dull-black hy- 
drated iron silicate that is found in amorphous masses. 

.ouaanda of wom*-n and children were declared to be gtiantma, j~ ~ ~* f AHHIH/iTiiil or .L 11 \ Imoh. 
- -. , --.- T ,- -- r> drreed to Fash er t,y main force. Sl.ATiN PABHA Fire and Bn*P. " , L Additional senseB.J 1. A Stomacher. 2. A 

game elements In the line of direction of gravity; the Sword in the Sudan ch. 13. P . 266, [B. A. 'OT.J nuns' neckerchief. 

ciu = out; ell; 10 = f^ud, JO = fntwre; c = k; church; dh = the; 90, sing, ink; so; thin; zli = azure; F. boA, dtine. < t _/rw; t, obsolete; t* variant. 
f^~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference la to the main vocabulary. 

glngeli 2134 

gln'ge-li, gin'gel-ly, jin'J&ll, . Same as GIXSILI. glalr-lg'e-nouR, glSr-ij'e-nus, a. Yielding or depos- glo"se-oo'llte, gles'g-cO'lait, re. Mineral. A milk- 
fjlii r ;ser, n. [Additional phrase.] native ginger, an iting glairin. See BAREGIN. [< GLAIRIN + -GKNOUS.] white and earthv lialloysite that is strongly adhesive 
Australian plant (Alplnia caerulea) of the ginger family glaige, glez, n. [Scot.] A scorching, or warming at the nre. to the tongue. [< Gr. glosna, tongue, + L. cotlUus. < 
(Ztngtberacex), the globular fruit nf which Is eaten by the glam 3 , glam or glem.H. [Scot.] 1. A contrivance used in collino, besmear.] 

natives, and the fleshy roota of which have the taste and horse-gelding. 2. The clamp of a vise. 3. A hand: com- g|o*-Mol'a-lifll, gles-sero-ltst, n. [Rare.] One who has 
smell of ginger. See GALANOAL. monly used in the plural. [Cp. CLAM&, CLAMP!.] glanml. the gift of tongue* 

giii'grr-brrnd"=palm". . same as DOOM-PALM. tflain'our-ous, glam'Gr-us, a. Filled with glamour; .r|ol elest ;/ Ctram Lead glaze used in the mauu- 

glu'Ker-lliie, jiu'jer-lin, n. A color like that of ginger glamour-yielding; glamour-bound, glam'or-ousj. future of pottery. 

or nutmeg. ifc^emMin,, ,i,, , r either in _ glam ' o M r ; u *",'y,; adr - h , i i , , glpt'tB-llte, glet'a-lait, n. Mineral. A mineral of 

color ( 

group of plants embracing three orders, the rush family 

glrl'ie, gerl'l, n. Allttleglrl: a term of endearment. rose tamily (l-nmvlaces). see SEA-HILKWORT. l< ^.r- Jjiun/i'.mie. glun'l.mi, n. fScot.J A Highlander: so called 

Klr'HnK. jfir'ling, n. A young salmon. glaux, < glax, milk-vetch.] by Lowlanders, often In a denreciative sense. Gluuv'ia- 

irlrl'y, gerl'i. a. Resembling or becoming a girl. glazel, vt. [Additional sense.] [Local, Eng.] To polish m i e /;. 

-fjlrl'l-nes, n. roughly, as a knife, with a glaze-wheel. glut-am'ln, glot-am'in, n. The fine crystals formed of 

gtrn, gern. I. vt. [Scot.] To entrap by means of a glrn: glaze', i-f. [Dlal.l To look or scan intently; gaze; glare. the amid of glutamic acid. [ < GLUTAMIC + AMID, n.] 
* ensnaTe. II. . [Scot.]' A trap conducted by a running '*?? L^a" c - Jlaz-t ce" [Locfl U S 1 Th?n glu'ten-In, glO'ten-in, n. A peculiar nrotSd substance 
noose, used in ensnaring birds, flab, and anmials. [Cp. togfigfflg****- *"*"' 'present in Wheat, which in conjunction with gliadin 

GIN', r.] 

1 To hnve rrirth ixiircmpnt of 9T To eenuB. [< Fred. W. Gltichen, German botanist.] with them. [< GLYCERIN + ALDEHYDE.] 

"* - 1 ' ' or ' *' J0 --'- '"=->' ^ wild lily; also, the daffodil. glyc"er-et'am.ate, glis-er-et'am-et, n. A tannate of 

al sense.] [Dial. orObs.] To coat, as glycerin. [< GLYCERIN + T ANN ATE.] 

Gly-ce'rl-a, glai-si'ri-a, n. A genus of grasses. See 

MANNA-GRASS, under MANNA. [< Gr. tjlykyt, sweet.] 
glyc"er-o-plioB'phate, glis'er-o-fe'fet, n. Ch*m. 
i'*fend"er, A salt of glycerophoephoric acid. 

II. i. 1. To have a girth measurement of. 2. To gcnuu. I < Fred. W. 6 
neasnre by means of a line or girth. " MH'' Vr C< i Vddidonll 

e'ment, jois'ment, n. &w. 1. Cattle supplied ""d'aer^f.^Additlonal 

glve'ale, giv'el, n. Eng. Hist. A yearly feast formerly gll"o-ma-to'sU, glai'o-ma-to'Bis, n. PaOial. The . oxl *. z ^ S 1 ^",?'.,., 

held in the county of Kent, by virtue of the terms of growth of a glioma. glyc'l-dyl, glis'i-dil, n. Cheni. A bivalent radical (C 

some testator's will and at the expense of his estate. gfl-o'sls, gKii-0'sis, re. Patftol. A cerebral disease, H 4 ), said to exist in glycidic ethers. [GLYCID -f- -YL 

~"O "- **j " ~~ -- ~ ~, "; -. L j *j j L L 1_ i &***- mi-am*, K"o 111-111. /t. vnmm ** 

hair; becoming glabrous. [< L. glaber, without hair.] lowish hydrated iron hydrond and phosphate that is c l pa | proteid element iu the soy-bean. 
glace, gls,c. IScot & Dial.] I. (. To float past or skim closely related Ito beraunite. [<.L. glotms, ball.] glyco-, comoining form. [Additional terms.] gly'col- 

by; graze; shave. II. ( To glide [< OF. glacer, slip, < glob"u-ll-cl'dal,gleb-yu-ll-8ardal,a. Bldl. Designa- & i nte , , Chem. A salt of glycollc acid. gly-col'y-xis, 
:IKR.] glaze*t gleane,; gleaze*. tingthequalityorpowerof theblood-serumof oneammal n. Chem. The decomposition of sugar, as by the action of 

lateral valley or a broad plain; an ice-lake. Called also anthracnose in various fruits. The banana-anthracnoee gnap, nap. I. n'. [Scot.] To bite snappishly. II. n. 

MuliiMphm glacier. The Malaspina Piedmont glacier In (G.niwarum) produces blackish spots over the whole sur- mouthful; morsel. [Imitative.] 

Alaska, the only one fully described, has an area of 1,500 face of the fruit and causes It to rot. The currant-anthrac- gun-too', no-tO', n. [Pacific Islands.] Tapa after it la tm- 

square miles. llde> water If. (aeol.t, a glacier whose nose (O. Ribixt causes dark spots on the leaves, beneath printed. 

foot dips Into tide-water, and which therefore produces the cuticle, which is thrust up. producing bllstcr-llke pro- gneU-nit'ic, nais-sit'ic, a. [Rare.] Gnelssic. gneis'yt. 

Icebergs. tuberances. Raspberry-anthracnose (O. needier) Is the Gne-ta'lcN, ne-te'ltz or -tg'les, n. pi. Bot. A group of 

glac'i-er-iNt, glas I-gr-iBt. n. [Ware.] One possessed of cane-rust. See CANK-RUST' and MKLA.VCONIALES*. nlnnts i.nnivjilenr to the fauttanai 

B ffi^5|n?' s;^ no,. Jlsj**tf^5a.a.4 ssbit-ssi tSffSSSXfMS^M. * ^ g 

Klae"i-fl-ca'Hon, glas-i-fl-ke'shun. n. The action of JlSflJ S ' [Scbt.] A state of: rrlintTalarm. of tne joint-fir fami i y (Gnetacese). They are mostly 

In Rngliml by a customs act due to Will 

. , . . 

Either of the two species of ClinMhwt : a translation of the tnenms. 

generic name. Both species are called also glory. pea gnos"ti-ci'zer, nes'ti-scn'Eer, n. One who interpret! 
glaik'it-ly, gleTc'lt-ll, orft). [Scot.] In > flighty, foolish, or and gloryivine., n. Same as BKOW> gnostically, or makes gnostic. 

unbecoming manner; unsteadily. [< QLAIK.] GLOBY. goafing, n. Mining. Same as GOAF, 2. 

glaikx, gleks, n. [Scot. * Anglo-Ir.] A lever used with glog"a-to'rt-al, glee'a-to'ri-al, a. Pertaining to go.a'i, go^l'f, n. [Maori.] Bot. Same as KOWHAI-. 
a churn-staff. glosses. [< Gr. glonta, tongue.] go">a-hore', go'-a-shor', n. [Austral.] A three-legged 

ofo, firm, C(sk; at, fare, accord; element, e r = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, | = renew; obey, no; not, nor, atom; fall, rule; bnt, bftrn; aisle 
^~ CrOM-referencee to words In the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

goaM>u*li 2135 grain 

iron caldron used over an open flre for cooking. [Corrup- represent a man said to have been made and endowed with ifor 1 . gftr, n. [Scot, or Dial.] A very young bird, not yet 
tion of Maori kohua.] life by Heb Low of Prague in the middle ages; hence, any fledged, uor'hiil;; gor'belt; ifor'nliujj vord'-inii 

iroat'sbuwli", n. A tropical American shrub (Castela one who acts like an automaton. fford'llnjrii ffor'linij -on- . 

Nicholsonin .of .the.quassfa family (Snnan.bacex), yield- Gole^jcmz^n. ftm--r. [Obs. or Prov.] God: a corruption jo*. tW.TS^ ^T'L^TjusIcal Instrument 

"I Traditional sense.] Speech; talking; gab or gabble. B ^/| on ' landii ol/lin} < 'nil Kow'lanj, Gor / s i. o , gSr'gi-o, . Any one not a Gipsy: a Gipsy 

a:o"ber-ua.dor'cil-lo, go-ber-nu-der'sMyo, . [Philip- go-lnp'l ious, go-lup'shus, a. [Slang, Gt. Brit.] Highly term - 

pines.] A local governor under Spanish rule. pleasurable; delicious, vii-lop'l ioux; : _o-lonSliu*:. I had no education, and no knowledge of ' Oorgio' civilization, 

go-bi-er'no, gu-bl-er'no, n. [Philippines.] 1. A plan for (jom , gm, n. & inter], [slang.] God: only as a vulgar ex- and I grew up as wild as the birds, frolicsome as the lambs, and as 

the administration of public affairs. !i. A district ruled by plettve difficult to catch as the rabbits. GIPSY SMITH His Life and 

a governor. 3. Executive power; government. (io-nia'ri-an, go-mo'rl-an, n. Same as GOMAKIST. Work in JV. Y. Times'* Sat. Rev. May 24, 1902, p. 346. 

Kob'lin-isin, geb'lin-lzm, ii. Belief in theexlstence of gob- go-ina*li'ta, go-mash'ta, n. [Anglo. -Ind.J An agent; na- gor / ln\ n [Additional senses 1 1. The act of plow- 

Hns. tlve clerk or factor, go-inaa'tai. inu a vnrp 'i. Same as OORF' n 1 m 
go-bor'ro, go-b8r'o, n. [Austral.] The dwarf-bo* (Euca- gom'been", gem r bin'". [Ir.J Usury: generally In com- / s?i on n IPorto RIco'l [Sp 1 ' 

go-bur'ra, go-bur'a, n. I Austral. f A kingfisher, the goni'broou', gem'brun, n. 
laughing-jackass. go"go-bvr'nt< kook'a-bur"ra:. semi-transparent white, i 
go' I 

. ._ _. ' . iTi a pouniu-u me K"*im. K. = nr*'t. K.MPHIH, 71. ^111 OLMTBWI- 

irod'leUi Kod'lingt. tnaaaceee), natives chiefly of South Africa. The best- tionofthe truth sworn toon the Gospels; hence, any solemn 

ud"ma-nia', ged'ma-mQ', n. A godmother. known species Is the Cape cotton-shrub, Cape cotton-plant, oath. 

"<ul'par"eilt, ged'pilr'ent, n. A godfather or god- or wild Australian cotton-plant (fj. fritticos>tn), whose gos'po-dar, n. Same as IIOSPODAR. 

mother; sponsor in baptism. leaves furnish one form of argel for adulterating senna. It go^y-pose, ges'i-pos, n. Raffluose derived from cot- 
God's a'cre. A burying.ground. is also sometimes cultivated for ornament. tonseeds. [W.] [< L. nossypion, cotton-tree.] 
KOK'Kan, geg'an, n. [Dlat.Tlng.] A small dish made of L < - r - y""'/'"os, Doll, + /la?/w, rrult.j Goth'i-cist, geth'i-slst, n. An advocate of whatever ll 

metal or wood. Gom-pnre'na, gem-fri'na, n. Bot. A genus of an- Gothic In style, particularly In matters of architecture. 

gog'gle^, geg'I, n. [Dial., Eng.] A disease of sheep causing nual, biennial, or perennial herbs of the amaranth family Goth'iqne, geth'ik. n. [Rare.] A style of bookbinding, 

dizziness and staggering: usually In the plural, the goggles. (AmarantaceaE), embracing nearly 90 species, widely embossed but not gilded, generally described as antique. 

Bog'gle=eye" Jack. A flsh. Same as GOGGLKK, 2. distributed in tropical reeions, especially American. Thev eon/die, gou'dl, n. [Scot.] A petty officer, attached to 
gog'gly, geg 11, a. 1. Sufferingfrom goggle. SeeGOOGLK*". 

gt. Staring; squinting; goggling. 
Kog'gy, geg'I, o. [Prov. Eng.] Boggy. 
go"go-ber'a, gO'go-ber'a, n. [Austral.] A bird. Same as 

'i I ^' lB n ' rrniirtn Vntr i An pnnrtrpttf anpii- atta^ir- go-iiad'Ic, gO-nad^ic, a. Biol. Of, pertaining to, or wa"terj. 

B "l,mst- with at *" energetic spell, attack, B regemb i in ' na(]g gou/lash, gQ'losh, n. [Hung.] Cookery. A stew made 

o i'tral, gertral, a. Same as GOITROUS. K one'=by", a 6 Long past; bygone: also used substantlvely. O8L"jk SJnSSS.S.J^S^Jfi 8617 8ea80ned; 

Ko'la-der. go'lo-der, n. [Anglo-Ind.] One who deals in goti'lc, gen'ic, a. Med. Pertaining to generation, and --f^T.^K, ?, ?,?-,! 4 ,iSS",^,"m, 

grain; a storekeeper.- go'lau, go'lo, n. A granary. especially to semen. [< Or. oOTi?,1eed.] ?SS'r ,., , i " J-.Trri n r n The ,-oia mi? 

lir " l rmicmn?n e ' > f -"."Ir"'''*"' [Anglo - In<1 - 1 * An Boi'l-mo-blast, geA'i-mo-bUt.'fl. Bot. to<*1&Sl&g^&^&l t ffi.^. Same as GOT- 
.'old i r'A(RS ilmr mmDoiinds etc 1 rolil',h.ll" spore-producing filaments springing from the carpogo- KKK ANTK. . A female provincial ruler: a former use. 
K ? ri^i t-ni I A h?,? ..7.-V J i" mum of the red alga; after fertilization and preceding See aovKRNEss,2. 

n. SSfe^n. A J^^.J^%iK5E lr i the carpospores. [< Or. gonimo,, productive, + Wo*, gov'ern-a-bly, gov'srn-a-bli, adv. So or such as to 

[Local, Eng.] The marigold.- g..bob. n. A small golden K crm -J be governed. 

pendant, as on a piece of Jewelry. u. shriek, n. [Colloq., go n'nard-lte, gen'ard-ait, n. Mineral. A silky- gov'ern-ment, n. [Additional sense.] An admmis- 

u. S.] A brick or bar of base metal gilded, used by swin- white hydrated calcium-sodium-aluminum silicate ((Ca. trative division, as of Russia, equivalent to a province. 

1 Colloq., Eng.] A thief or confidence. man who drops and "y (Jisaepiaaaceit), witn opposite usually neari-snapeu official position. 2. [Austral.] A convict resident. a.- 

picks up a gold coin, as for the purpose of engaging a vie- leaves, and greenish or purple flowers. It embraces more paper, n. Negotiable paper, as bonds and exchequer bills, 

tlm's attention while a confederate robs him. g. flu I . in than 60 species, of which nearly a third are found In the issued by a government. Called also governnienttBe.- 

picture-f ratntng, a flat strip of gilt wood projecting over the United States. Called also by some botanists Vincetoxi- curities. 

mount, and beyond the frame, between which It is inserted. cum. [< Gr. ffonos, seed, + lotmn, capsule.] go v"er ll-men'tal-lsni, guv"grn-men'tal-izm, n. The 

Anoctuidmoth ( Xortua fesincee) . e.-Hwift 

orua esncee . e.-Hw, . eovern-or-a, ( 

eplalid moth (Hepiahm hectua); one of the Goo-de'nl-a, gn-dt'ni-a, n. Sot. A genus of about TO ship- one of tin- si- 
sh, n. A place where gold Is washed: used species of herbs or shrubs of the goodeniad family (Goo- proper; a moafza. 

x major administrative divisions of Egypt 

uiniuKa. d{/tor(i, with large yellow flowers, and other species are In peel 

gold'en, a. [Additional compounds, etc.] golden ap- ornamental cultivation. CHARTERHOUSE. 

pie. same as BKXHAL^uiNCK.-itold'en<ball",>i. [Local, [< g a ml. Goodenough, Bishop of Exeter.] goy, gel, n. [GOY'IM, pi.; ooT'A./em.l [Hcb.l A Gentile; 

tng.]l. A.berD(TrolUiwEuropieus)ot the crowfoot family ,r O od'hao, gud'hap n [Archaic 1 HBDDV fortune- good . also, when used by Jews among themselves, a Jew who does 
(Ranunculacese). the globeflower. . The snowball-tree * i" ( "k- success not observe the precepts of his race.- eoy'ish, a. 

grab'blCe 1 , ?-/. [Additiontil sense.] [QBAB'BI.KD; GRAB' 
al, U. S.] In potato-dig- 
ttatoes without disturbing 

i infantryman: so called 

denVorach". See'oBAcir^ g.VkliJb, jr'T'ne'marsh.marlgord. small white flowers. The various species In the United B rab^en7'grfl'b'en,~.'T<i.T"STOVr' An extensive depression 
-...knop, n. ILocal.EngJ A ladybird.- unlocks, n. States are called rattlesnake-plantaln. The genus Is also in the earth's surface surrounded by faults. 
1. The common polypody (Poli/pmlium vulgare). "i. A known as Peramiuin. g. [g-] Any plant of this genus; E race':terin", n. |Eng.| Formerly, In Oxford rnlverslty, 
perennial herb (Pteromulon ririintum) of the aster family rattli-siuiki-.pIantiUn. [< John Goodi/er. English botanist.] a term during which residence was hot compulsory to qual- 
( Composite). See PTKROCAULON'. K.=niaid, n. [Local, go'.ofl". n. [Colloq.] 1 . The moment of departure; start; if y for a degree. 

Eng.] An acanthopterous flsh of the family Lubrulie. s.: beginning, -i. Banting, The total amount -with which Kr ace'!Wife" ,n [Prov Eng ] A midwife 
moss. n. The stonecrop.- e. mothwort (Bot.}, same cash Is debited for loans within any given period; the J rn c"i-lc'ceiit , gras'1-les'e.nt, a. Zool. [Rare.] Grow- 
as GOLDEN CUDWEED*. n.oat (/*>(.), the yellow oat-grass amount of cash due in such a transaction. mK more slender. [< L. gracilix, slight.] 
(Avena navescenx). Compare OAT. GRASS. e.. perch, n. srooii'dir. gun dl, n. Same as GUNTAH. Bra'do, gru'do, re. [It. 1 Max. A degree of the scale. 
[Austral.] A fresh.water percold flsh (Ctenolntes nmbiau- soon'ltil-ly, fun lill-l. n. [Cornwall, Eng.] A pony. grad'u-al-Ist, graj'u-al-ist, n. One who believes in 
<us). u. shiner, a cyprlnold flsh (Abramix cri/ftole.ucaft}, goose, n. I Additional compounds, etc.] goose'sclub",?!. r3u i na iia m 
one ofthe carps. (t.sshower.n. SameasooLDENCiiAm. An organization formed for the purposeof supplying geese /_ f n,./ *.' r f [Dial! To die 

ar.isirup, it. A Hght.yellow sirup or molasses. K.* to its members. g.*duiiir ore tlliuertil.), an Inferior SinJvs' ,,/ i TO rnn- lahnr -i m S Recent 1 To nun. 
* l common daftodll. . An order of merit grade of Iron sinter CalletTalso goose ilver=orc.-({.. '^n omLif Illecl imitriv Bt^V swlndli' 

. . . . . ., ,, O n- am- - e 

npnr.n. I. The common daffodil. . An order of merit grade of Iron sinter Calledalso goose nilver=ore.-g.. ".".If Am nif nieiritli ;atelv'tili- swiS3lp 

conferred by the Pope; specifically, the order of St. Syl- Hie, . Slngleflle: used also adverbially.- K .,moulhcd, _ '"LVt . i SS a oKAFTiNr-TooL 2 Same as 

vester.- n.,trefon, n. The liverwort (ffepaticn trilo- a. Having an overhanging lip: said of a noree whose upper "^jll?'- 1> GRAFTINO-TOOL. z. hi 

ba). Compare LIVERWORT and quotation. sr.iwasp, n. "' 

Same as CUCKOO.FI,Y, 1.- jr., wing, n. A golden-winged 

bame as CUCKOO-FLY, 1. n.iwlnK, n. A golden-winged 
woodpecker; a flicker. f., withy, n. The sweet-gale 
(J/yrieaG'ate). ff.*wrasse* n. A fish. Same as GOLDEN. 


gold"en-rod',n. [Additional phrases, etc.] goldenrod R ^-.. , _.. , T ... m-m^u 

null. 1. A.maic[ialfteTlTrypetaitoltdaainiii-i, the mag- Same as GOOSE-GRASS, 3. Mother Carey's K., the * ft/ Jj same as GRAFTING-TOOL 

)t of a fly that causes an abnormal ball.llke enlargement petrel: a seamen's name. Nile jr., same as EGYPTIAN U-aff/pfs 1 . | slang. I One who grafts- 

leaves. Called also silver-rod. TEST.TICK. B.. picker, n. [Colloq., Eng.] One who Gra'ham-Ize, grg'am-aiz, D<. [-IZEO; -I'zrao.l To 

Kold"'fllled', gold'-flld', pa. Denoting an extra heavy acts as a chaperon. cause the opening of (mail) in transit: from Sir James 

or thick plate of gold on a base metal, as in watch' gooii'y, gtSs'i, a. COOS'I-ER; GOOS'I-KST.] 1. Resem- Graham, who, as British Home Secretary, in 1844, caused 

making. Compare ROLLED PLATE*. bling a goose; ridiculous; absurd. Z. Having the p- Mazzini's correspondence to be opened and read. 

Kn'lem, gn'lnn, n. [Heb.] A homunculus or figure made to pearancc of goose-flesh. goou'eyj. fooa'l-nemm, n. grain 1 , n. [Additional compounds. ]Kraln'>bee"tle,n. 

an=out; 1I; lu = feud, JO = fature; c = k; church, db = the; go, ring, ipk; no; thin; sb = Mure; F. bort, dttne. <,/rom; t, obnlttc; J, variant. 
t^~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


A calandrld beetle, any of several species of Spttenohorus 
that attack wheat and other grain; also, a beetle < Cnlnndrn 
oryzfe) known as the rlce-wet-vll, that does injury to stored 
grain of all kinds. it-color, n. Same as GRAIN', ., 11. 
K.:cut* " Cut across the onto: said of timber used In 
shipbuilding. K.sirold, n. 1. Red-hot gold that has be- 
come granular in the process of heating. Jt. Gold-dust. 
B.sprocess, n. Phot. A process ut photo-mechanical 
printing by which the subject is given a granulated appear- 
ance. K.isickt a - ! Same as MAW-BOVNIX 'i. Having 
a disease due to extreme expansion of the rumen with food: 
said of cattle. B.fslone. n. Any hard granulated stone. 
s.itree, H. Her A plant that hears kenDe**berries, M 
the kermes-oak. Compare KERMES. ir.iwlii*ky. n. 
Whisky made from grain that has not been matted. 
,*-a'mn\ . grfl'ma, n. [New Zealand.) Same as HAMARAMA". 
* "8.1 Creeping cynodon (Cynotlon 

21 HO 

Eniom. A family of moths specialized by a fringe of 
long hairs on the basal part of the cubitus of the rear 
wing, including about two-thirds of the tortricid species; 
the oest known is the codling-moth, the larva of which 
is the common apple-worm (Carpocapfa pomontlla). [< 
Gr. graphs, write, -f lUhot, stone.] 

grapl."o-llth'ld, a. & n. graph"o-lilh'- 
otd, a. 

{jrapli"o-ma'nl-a, graf'o-me'ni-a, n. A passion for 
writing. [< Gr. graphd, write, -f- mania, rage.] 

*rrapli"o-ma'iii-ae, it. 

grapli'o-type, n. [Additional senses.] 1. An elec- 
trically operated machine that casts and set* type under 
the direction of a paper tape. 2. Formerly, a process 


ram'en-tte, gram'eii-oit. B. Mineral. A grass-green grapli"o-typ'tc, a. 

variety of chloropal that occurs in thin fibrous seams, grap'pler, grap'ler . 1. One who or that which grap- 
ples, as a grapnel. 2. [Slang.] A hand. 

one meter. [< GRAM' + METER'.] 

s and of rapid growth, especially along the 

The On l Commit^, r^n,,, U8S2, e^bli.hed ^ ,ead (- ^ ^^a ^meriS "uPa and Aust'raHa/Vt has 
"me more feeble g^tfC"^*^"* ! pubbc expend- K introduced as a pasture-grass in the southern United 

,trl. ALSiuTHftcl.^/^^//...^^^ cola states and Arizona.-KrasH'.blt-achrd'', pa. Bleached 

. . . . . . . , 

4. One of four parliamentary committees appointed until 
1832 to consider grievances, matters of religion, the ad- 
ministration of Justice, and the development of trade. 
Krand'dad", . n. Grandfather: a child's net word, 
urun'dail;; gramdl'dn-da";; eran(d)'dad"dy;. 
-y. ducheNM. 1. A grand duke's consort. 2. In Kussia, 

States and Arizona. gras'=blea<'h, . 
through exposure on grass. ff.tcold, n. A catarrhal affec- 
tion peculiar to horses. y. tcomber, n. A farm-hand: so 
called, derisively, by sailors. K.=hole,. [Local. V.K.I A 
basin-like depression In land which In dry seasons Is covered 
with grass, but In wet becomes filled with water. g.i 
house, n. 1 . A grass-hut. -It. The house In which a cotter 

e as a support. n.sriffht, n. [Aus- 

century: so called by some dealers in allusion to a popular 

sive. jtran"di-Bo'iiqaJ. closely resembling dog's whcat-grass (Agt 

gra n'drlllH, gran'dnlz, n. A variety of jean, dark gray, num) . i t ] 8 no w regarded In the southern L 
coarse, and made entirely of cotton, used m the manufac- valuable for winter grazing. Means K.. 

A peal rung with 

ture of corsets. 
grand'stre", n. [Addition 

bob, grandcinque, and grandsire triples. 

gran-lt-ell', gran-it-el', n. tied. Granulite. [< GRAN- 
ITE.] gran-lt-elle'i. 

Kran"lt-irer-ouB, gran'it-if'er-ns, a. Granite-produ- 
cing. [< GRANITE 4- L./cro, bear.] 

eraii'l-told, a. [Additional sense.] Consisting of inter- 
growths of quartz and feldspar, rarely augite and feldspar, 
each intcrgrowth being optically one mineral in every 
part, formed by consolidation from a molten magma: 
said of igneous rocks: contrasted with granulUic*. [< 
GRANITE + Gr. eiclos, form.] 

Bra"ni-to'ne, grfl'nf-to'nf , n. [It.] A rock consisting of 
feldspar and mica In which the feldspar predominates. 

linni'm. >r [-NIED; -NT-INO.] [Southern TJ. S.] To nurse; 
act as midwife to. 

K raii'ny, n. [Additional senses.) 1. A stupid person 
of either sex; one behind the times. 2. [Southern U. 8.] 
A nurse. 

Kra'no 1 , grfl'no, n. [Sp.] A weight. See in table under 

irra'no*, n. [Mai.] A coin. See In table under cois. 

gran"o-llth'tc, gran'o-lith'ic, a. Noting or made of 
a kind of concrete, largely used for massive buildings 
and structures in or under water. 

gran'o-phyr, gran'o-flr, n. Geol. Same as ORANOPHYRB. 

graii"u-llt'lc, a. [Additional sense.] Geol. Consist- 
ing of subequal and usually small grains of the con- bayonet.g.< . . 
stftnent minerals, sometimes partially crystalline, formed bent-g.: 
by consolidation from a fused magma: said of igneous 
rock: contrasted with granitoid*. [< L. gramim, grain, 
-f Or. litfias, stone.] 

gran'u-lize, gran'yu-lalz, vt. [-LIZED; -LI'ZING.] 




A N 

bamboo-g. 1 
Barcoo g.* 

Glyceria ramigera, F. T. M.. 
Vtipa rerttcilluta, Nees 

Anthixtiria membranacea, 





* <* 

* * 

Panicum Cw**galli t Linn. 


Agrottte Muelleri, Benth 
Deyeuxia sttifolia,. Flook f... 
Deyeuxia xcabra, Benth 
Deyeuxia Billurdierii, K. Br. 
Agrostis carinn. Linn 
Agrofttia Antarctica, Hook f. 
Agrotttix subnllnnta. Hook f . 
Deyeuxia arenoides. Hook f . 
Deyeuxia pilnna, Rich 
Agrotti* ncabra, TVHld 
Deyeuxia gvadriteta. R. Br.. 
Deyeuxia Youngii, Hook f . . 
Imperntti arundinacea, Cyr. 
Andropogon : 
" annttkttux. Forst. 

Campbell Island 
dwarf -mountain ... . 
spiked^ .... 


brome-g.*, seaside 

Bromus arenariu*, Labi 11... . 
Phalaris Canartenste 
Ct/nodon Dactylon, Pers 
Ifittichly* maritima, Kaffin- 

Chilean g. 

couch-g., native 

couch*g., water 
dlchelachne, wiry 
doob-g., Indian 

Stipa teretifolia, Stend 
Same as COUCH-GRASS ' 


Pharm. To convert a fine powder into larger grains 
or into pellets or tablets by aggregation and agglutina- 
tion, such product being specifically termed granular, in 
distinction from gramaated. 

grape, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] <Jipple.nd grape, 
same as NATIVE GRAPE*. irrRpe / ieat"er, n. An Aus- 
tralian iosteropold bird, especially Zotteropa ckloronotuit. 
flj/ieafert. k'. = H > . n. An Insect (IJroitophtla atnpelo- 

C'la) whose larva Is bred In grapes. Macqunrie Iinr- 
r ?., a climbing Tasmanlan and Australian shrub (Mutti- 
tenbeckia ndprrvifi) of the buckwheat family (Pnlugona- 
COB). Called also Macqunrie Harbor Tine, and In Aus- 
tralia native ivy. native a. [Austral.], an evergreen 
climber ( Vote hypogliiucni with edible, black grapes. In 
Victoria called Oippxlund icrape. 

liraph". . [Rare.] To indicate by means of a graph; 
express graphically. 

graph-, vt. [Colloq.] To strike off with a graph ; mani- 

graph 2 , n. [Colloq.] Any manifolding apparatus like the 
hectograph: a colloquial abbreviation. See -GRAPH. , .. 

Graph"o-llth't-aa?, grafo-lith'i-dt or -d6, n. pi. doob.g., Indian. ... 

sofa, firm, ask; at, fire, accord; element, fir = over, eight, e = usage; tin, machine, J = renew; obey, no; net, ner, atm; fall, rale; bat, burn; aisle; 
ty Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

era United States as 

so-ToRAssT rat's. tail feiTcueV^, a slender, annual, Eu- 
ropean grass (Fentuca Myurox}, with usually one-sided pan- 

glnla lyme-grass or wild rye (.Elymus Virffintcttfi). to 
hunt K., to be thrown to the ground. Tolmer's K., the 
sword-sedge (Lepirtosperma gladiatum) of Australia and 
Tasmania. See SWORD-SEDGE. Called also coaHt sword* 
rush. to send to it., to throw to the ground. 


Besides the grasses named above, and those In the main 
vocabulary, the annexed table contains the common and 
scientific names of the principal true grasses of Australia, 
New Zealand, and Tasmania that have received vernacular 
names. The parallels (0 attached to a name indicate that 
while Indigenous as all of the list are, such a grass la not 
endemic. The asterisk () opposite a name In one or more of 
the narrow columns indicates Its habitat. The superior 
numerals refer to synonyms at the end of the table. 
Hab. = Habitat. A = Australia. N = New Zealand. T - Tasmania. 





" duriu#cula. Linn 
" ncop'iria, Hook f 
" Uttoralis, K. Br. var. 
triticnidtXt Benth. . 
" ovina. Linn 
ttpa semibarbata, K. Br. . . . 

^iiiicum sanguinale, Linn. . 
Zleutine jEgyptiaca, PITS... 


lovecurus geniculatus, 












foxtail ~g., knee * 

glumelesag., seaside.. 

Gymnastic hum grucile, 

Kwleria crOttata* Peru 
lescfiampsia csespitosa, 

halr-g., turfyll 

Hierochl'K alpina, Roemcr 

kangaroo * g. (com- 

AnthiKtii in ; 
" ciliata. Linn 

" re.fractus, 11. Br 
" arenacea, F. v. M... 
" frondosa, R. Br 
tragrofitix Brownii, Nees 
Qlyceriafluitanfi, R. Br 

*antcum decompoxitum, R. 

i^roo !r * 

love*g., Australian. . . 

millet : 


Paspalum xcrobitulatum, 


sachne Australia, R. Br 
^oxpalum '.tisiichmn, Bur- 

Mitchell g. (true).... 

Astrebla elymoides, F. v. M. . 
" pectinata, F. v. M. . 
" triticoities, F. v. M. . 
Same as LONO - 11 AIRED 


yanthoniaracemona, R.Br.. 
Vcurachne Mitchelliana, 


" semi'.tnnularis, R. Br. 

" Buchanai, Hookf 
" pauciflora, B. Br 
" pilosa, R. B. var. stricta 


New Zealand 

" semiannularis f R. Br. . 

" ptfosa, R. Br. var. racemosa 
Janthonia aemi*annulari8, 
R. Br. var. gracilis 
Trinetum Antarcticum, 
Hook f 

Trisetum subsptcatvm, 

Thompson's naked. 

Dantkonta Thomsonti (anew 
Danthonta Raoulii, Steud. 
var. Australia, Buch 
Trtsetum Youngii, Hook f . . . 


Oplism en im setariu*, var. 
Roemer and Schult 
Poa csespitotta t Forst 
Die he lac fine: 
" crinita. Hook f 
" sciurea, Hook f 
" follota. Hook f. var. a.. 
" Colensot, Hook f 
" anceps, Forst. var. fr. 

paniog., reddish. . . . 

paper-g., native.... 


Auckland Island... 
common field 


piamsea (new species) 
Kirkii (new species) 
intermedia (new speclea) 


email tussock 

Triodla MitcheML&entb. . . . 

rat -tailed g |i*. 

Sporobulits fndicus,K. Br.. . 
Ixcfuemum laxtim, R. Br 
Pkragmitf* communist, Trln. 
Leersta tievrandrifi, Swartz.. 
Ehrhartia Colemtoi, Cook 
Microtena atenacea. Hook f. 
" polynoda,_ Hook f 
" stipoides, R. Br 
Panicum macractinum, 

rat* tailed g 


meadow w 
rolllng-g., spiny 

rough-bearded g. . . . 
sacred -if. H" 

Echinopogon ovatus, Pallsot. 
Hlerochloe redolens, R. Br.. . 
Chryxopogon parvtfloritK, 

Same as sACREn-oRASS 
Heteropogon contortus, 
Roemer and Schult 
Various species of Stipa 
Panicnm divaricatittsimum, 
R Br .... 

scented g., sweet.... 


Sptnifex hirsutus, Lablll 
" ventricofta, R. Br 

" diraricata, R.Br 

stlpa-g., Petrle's 

Stipa Petrici (new species).. 
Poltinia fulva, Benth 
Glyceria stricta. Hook f 
Danthonin ffarexcenxMuok f. 
Arundo fulrida, Buchanan.. 
Danthonia Raoulii, Steud... 
Arundo conspicua, A. Cunn. 
Danthonia Cunntngfiamii, 

sweet-scented g. . . . 


broad-leaved oat., 
erect-plumed . . . 
narrow-leaved oat 
small-flowered oat 






Vandyke g 

Panic umjtavidum, Retz 


weeping-polly g 


short-awned... . .. 
white-topped g 
whorUg., alpine 
wiud*g.,l| New Zeal'd 


Dant/wnia lonyi folia. R. Br. 
Aperaarumlinacea, Pallsot. 
Chlnri* truncata, R. Br 
Elii'hnrtajnncea, Sprengel. . 


woolly-headed g 

Andropoaon bombycinus, R 

with myrtle-leaves. G. netting, a silk or cotton netting grief, n. [Additional sense.] Sport. A physical acci- 
used in the making of purses, curtains, and other domestic dent in any outdoor sport, particularly in hunting or 

^re'co-phile, gri'co-fll.M. An admirer of or warm sympa- d^fuv't-' of" grief siTiiam^d by ^hlrwm 

thi/iT with Greece or anything Greek. L< GRECO- , __. 
pfiileo, love.] Grte'co-puilei. 
Greek, a. [Additional phrases.] Greek embroidery, 

a design In needlework, In which fancifully grouped pieces 
of silk or colored cloth are stitched to another fabric. G. 

Greek'er-y, grik'er-i, n. [-IKS, pi.} [Rare.] 

:rit'la mi, grif'en, n. [Anglo-Ir.j A farming-tool resem- 
' ;a hoe. griPfawnJ. 

N!I, grlf'Ish, a. [Anglo-Ind.] Raw and inexperienced, 

jriltin; green. 

on 1 , n. [F.] A short-haired French terrier. 

Ton-, . A Greek: a medieval term. [OF., < grifon. 

To stamp with parallel 

lines like a grill. 

practise of swindling, especially at cards; roguery. 52t. . n 8 . a ,K r ,, ; 

The te nets, doctrines, and practises of the Greek Church! grill 1 , n. j Additional sense,.! A grill-room^ 
n rri'ii '. vt. [Additional sense.] [Slang, Eng.] To fool, or griiii'grib-lM'r, grim grib-er, n. 

make, to seem foolish. 
green, a. [Additional compounds, etc.] 

Synonyms: 1 cane-grass; SLandsboroughg.; 3cockspur- 
g.; *spear-g., Spaniard; fi reed-g.; 6 wild oats; ^ Indian doob- 
g., wire-g., dog'b=tooth g., Bermuda g., scutch-g.; 8 hairy 
flnger-g., reddish panic-g.; oat-g.; 'Oumbrella-g., emu-g., 
native millet; "the koda millet of India; I2silt-g., water 
couch-g.; Wwlry-g., weeplng-polly g., tussock pua-g., and 
In New Zealand, snow-g.;^<see PAPER-GRASS; ischll 

n. 1. Specifically, a long cloth bag to hold 

briefs used by English barristers when attending 

-her, grim'grlb-gr, n. [Eng.l Dry professional 

Lies; nonsensical technical jargon. 

green'-batf" grin'ma^su, grin'mu'su, n. [Japan.] The sliver salmon 
law-books and" (pneorftynchw kimteh). 

:d dam or bank. 

i*weeplng-g.; "scented g., sweet-scented g.; i^splny 
)lllng-g.; * "Maori name toitoi; * Maori name toitoi. 
ssed, grcjst,y?a. 1. Covered with or beautified by 

gras, s,y?. . ovre w or eae y 

grass, Jfc. Golf, Spooned, or eloped backward: said of 

grass' / tiop / per-lng, grgs'hep'gr-mg, n. 1. An un- 

settled and unsteady course of life; improvident living: 

from the fable of the grasshopper and the ant. 2. The 

use of grasshoppers for bait in fishing. 
grass'mau, grys'man, n. [-MEN, pi.] [Scot. & Dial.] 1. 

A parochial officer entrusted with the care of the parish 

common land. &. A cotter or cottager. 
gra /r tl-ade / l, gre"shi-a-dt'ai or gra D ti-fl-d6't, n. Sot. 

1. The hedge-hyssop; also, formerly, the centaury 

(Erythrsea t'entaureum). 2t. A pharmaceutical plaster. 

[< L. qratia Dei, grace of God.1 
gra"tiri', ' 

sage-cheese. (2) A poor kind of cheese commonly made of 
whey. (3) An unseasoned, newly made cheese. u.icoat, 
n. The wearer of a green coat. Specifically: (1) A footman 

, n. i in- wcmci vt , i gricu LU.II/. oyvuuiamufi \.LJ A IUUUUBU 

DV . or other liveried man-servant. (2t) A pupil at one of the old 

, ... __ ___ whose wall has 

been thickened and hardened by the deposition of mineral 
or other solid matter. Such cells occur in pears and other 
fruit and In the stones of drupes: from the latter circum- 
stance called stonescellfl. 

- Eng.] 


sense.] To cause to grow gray or make gray: said of 
the hair. 

Mineral. A variety 
is partially re- 
mi- W jnwuiiiuuui. in me placed by magnesium. 

_. ... The process of shaving grog, v. [Additional senses.] I. t. To extract liquor 

the inner side of green sal ted^i ides. g. sirup. (1) The f rom (a cask) by soaking the interior surfaces with hot 
sirup that flows from sngar-loavcs during the sugar-ma- wn t Pr 11 Tn A^Mftnna 

kin* .process.. <2> Generally, In the United States,, sirup w ^ B /fAdditiSnri eenSJ' 1. Same as CHAMOTTE*. 

groggy horse. 

English charity schools. g. coat eil, . g,ebony grit/tie, grlt'l, f(. [GBIT'TLED: GRIT'TLING.] [Dial., 
n. The wood of either of two West-Indian trees, Jaca- To grind partially; break, as wheat, to make grits. 
randaovalifoliaanilEfcfxcari'if/l'ttitittloKa. [M.} g.fat, griz'zle, rt. [GRIZ'ZLED: GRIZ'ZLING.] [Addii 
the green abdominal fat of the turtle, esteemed Tor Its sense.] To cause to grow gray or makt 
dainty flavor. g. unsalted fish. g. jack, a caran- thphnir 

gold fish, the carbonero. g. manure, a rich manure "*,",' ^^i, rt ,, i* , in*** 

formed of healthy plants. g.:inamiring, n. g.ipeak. r ? cliau-fte, grO chau-ait, n. Miner 
n. The green woodpecker. See WOODPECKER. , rib- f prochlonte in which the ferrous iron 
bon man, a supporter of the Duke of Monmouth, In the placed by magnesium. 

mm 111:111. ;i Mipji 

rebellion of 1685. 

1685. g.;Mhaving, n. The process of shaving j 
Ide of green saltea hides. g. sirup. (1) The 
lows from sugar-loaves during the sugar-ma- 

r ..^ess. (2) Generally, In the United States, sli 

boiled to grain, especially beet-molasses. g.sgtick, ._. 
A pone-fracture, chiefly occurring with the softer 

) widely distributed intemperate and warm regions. Into the Solemn League and Covenant. g.*tail, - A of tubes, either for the pneumatic action or to supply wind 

They have opposite, entire, or toothed leaves and solitary, dlarrheal disorder that affects deer. g, tar, the tar de- from the chest to certain pipes. Called also channel: 

axillary, stalked yellow or whitish flowers. The most noted rived from a certain petroleum spring at Barbados. Called board. g.*roller, n. Naut. A friction-roller In one 

species is the hedge-hyssop (G. officinale) ot the Old World, also Barbados tar, g. water. (1) The water of the of the grooves of a vessel's tiller-sweep, 

from which the other species have assumed the common River Nile at the low-water season: used also attributively; gro-roll'lte, gro-reil'ait, n. Mineral. A nearly black 

makes a buffoon of himself : a jester; joker. 

honey-eater (Ptilotis peniculata). 

governmental theory 


gra'vure, gre"viur,n. Same as PHOTOGRAVURE. green'sfde", grtn'said",7i. " Greensward; grass; land 

gray, { a. [Additional compounds, etc.] a; ray's band", kept in pasture 

grey, fn. A variety of sandstone, for Bide walks; flag- green'stone' 7 ', n. [Additional sense.] A whetstone, 

^tSiSUfi^J^SS^&^S^ ueed / or F*'* 1 and other instruments that require a 



object. g.scrab. n, A hoisting device, used by mining- 
engineers In sinking pumps. g.sdrummer, n. See 
DRUMMER*. g.sflea, n. A flea-beetle. g,*i tch, n. A 
skin-disorder contracted by sleeping on the ground. g.s 
joint, n. The Junction of an under and an upper course 

irtbegreaNfooted falcon. See Illustration under FALCON, fjgj; <=; a pound, a. A turf-laid enclosure adjoining 

. The hen-harrier. See under HE.v.-g. fowl, grouse In a kennel, used for exercising the hounds. 

winter plumage. g. fox, see roxi. g. goone, same g^ff "a-rl-no '!, grcg'a-n-nO'sis, n. Pathol. The 

asGRATLAQ. g. grunt, a beemulold flsh (Jfsemulon presence of gregarinoi in the hair. 

macromomti) of the West Indies and neighboring waters, greg'o-ry, greg o-ri, n. (-HIES, pl.\ [Ir.] A feast formerly 

the yellowtall. g.sjumper, n. An Australian genus of held on St. Gregory's day; hence, any festlv' 

sparrow-like birds, of which the only species is titruthidea gre-iiade 71 , n. [Additional sense.] A 

that has few celi-bodles and many fibers.- g. midge, an gre-iiade' 2 , n. Same as GRENADINES*. 

or stone In a masonry structure. g.slaudlord, n. The 
owner of land leased for building. g,=note, n. 1, Jfu#. 
The fundamental note upon which acliordls built; root. 2. 
The key-note. g.sparrot, n, [Additional sense.] [Slang, 
Austral.] A small fanner. Compare COCKATOO, 2. g.t 
rate, n. A special railroad traveling rate which applies 
solely to the towns specified in a schedule of stations pre- 
pared for the purpose. g.srowe, n. A rope which in 
deep-sea fishing Is used for keeping the lower portion of a 
drag-net or trawl on the ground. g. sgpeari ng, n. Same 
. , - aaLAGARTo2*._ ff . sS went, n. [Slang, Ens.] Burial.- g. 

, 6 i , UHB ! system, n. Mil. A system of espionage upon the advance 

movements of an enemy by means of detached posts of ve- 
dettes, with relief, under the command of a non-commis- 
sioned officer. Called also CoNsack post. g.* wire, n. 
Elec. The earth regarded as a return-circuit. 
groiiiid'ber"ry n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] The 
Australian native cranberry. See under CRANBERRY*. 

ve occasion. 

or lake-herring (Arfft/rowmim fucfawO,fonnd in Great Bear silk-oak of the colonists, 100 feet high and 2 In diameter, grow'i'ng point. Rot. J Same as PUNCTUM VEGETATIONIS 
Lake River, Mackenzie, and tributary rivers. g. flyings yielding a valuable timber, and known also in ornamental See under PUNCTUM 

cultivation as a shrub 5 to 10 feet high, prized for its grace- growl'er-y, graul'er-I. n. 1. The act of growling or 
SJPAi a ^i?J?!S?.W c , e-lrf2Uiate Icave8 - [< Robert K - fault-finding. 2. A place appropriated for or appropri- 
ate to this act; retiring-place. 

i grown'=up", . [Colloq.] One who has grown up; an adult. 
K growth'sline", n. Slot. A line marking a stage of growth. 

, . . gs 

same as VOLADOR, 1. g. fork: tailed cat, a flsTi, 

flab, ___ _ 

the flannel-mouth cat or math'eine'g. Called'ariio'catfisii 

of the lakes, Florida cat, Mississippi ci^'and Grerillf, 'British botanist.] 

ar, a nsh. Snme as ALLiGATORJriAR. grew 2 , vi. [Scot.] To course with greyhounds, 

Gre'clan, a. [Additional phrases.] Greelan flre. 1. iectland Tri alteinate strips, in order" to buy In the interve- ,//,. j/ 

A form of firework. 2. Greek fire. G. horse, destine- ning portions, which are thus made valueless. grub l><>r=I>road'liead, n. 1 . An engrauhdoid fish 

tlon In disguise: in allusion to the wooden horse said to grid'i"ron, n. [Additional senses.! 1. [U. S.J A football (ETtgraylut pfrfasciatus) found about the Florida Keys 
have effected the capture of Troy. G. knot, a fashion of field, as prepared for the game: so called from the white and West Indies, one of the anchovies. 2. An anchovy 
halr-dresslng adopted by women In imitation of the ancient five-yard lines that cross It. 2. [Slang.] Prison bars, col- (Anckovia producta) of Cuba and Jamaica. Called also 
Greeks. G. leather, a leather of buffalo-skin, tanned lectlvely; a prison. hechudo. 

ou = out; ell; lu = fwd, }Q = future; c = k; church; dh = th?\ KO, sine, ink; so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,/rom; i, obsolete; ^variant. 
^IT" Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

Orubbla 21 3 gyneco- 

Grub'bl-a, grub'i-a, n. Bot. A genus of South- formerly inhabited the region of Dartmoor, in Devon- procession. Compare OONTALON. [< OIIG. gund, battle, 
African shrubs of the order UrutMacex, having four- shire, Eng. : a contemptuous term. Giib'blngst. ~"~-' < "" >1 , Wi' I ,i li L u ,? 1 .. I> i i?Tt,io a ' sin i A thi-f 

angled branches, narrow, acute, short-stalked leaves in gu'ber-na-to"ry, glu'hgr-na-toTl, a. [Hare.] Of agov- BU ' l 'r k ' ;,,',;?.? .1 ,, which reauir?s charging aence-m 
SK _and perfect ach.amvdeou, flowers in the axils "W"".^^**!!- Vatk fiKSSSui] \ T&^f^^&iM 

Gil d"er-IIiail' Ill-all, gud er-Uian'l-an 

E unproductive, for the Bunie", gSnj';~I. "Uiglo^Iiid r'An'AsiatlcVraln.markeTr 

pyrite, andgaena. 'taelng- said of aiflmals; also, without milk. gun'man, gun/man, n. [OUN'MEN, pi.] I. An opera. 

run'dy, grtm'di. n. Popular social opinion ; conven- guesl'sant" ,n. An inqulllne ant, as FnrmicnzmusniUdu- live in a gun-factory. 2. [Rare.] One who carries or 
tional propriety: used mostly in the expression Mrs. lun, which lives In the formicary of the red ant (Formica manipulates a gun; a gunner. 

(rrundy (originally a character in Morton's "Speed the n</a). o-un'nel 2 , w. A blennioid fish (Pttolis gunnellus) of the 

Plough "). Grun'dl-fled, a. G run'dy-lsm, n. guest'ling', gest'ling, n. A youthful guest. Nortn Atlantic, ranging south as far as Cape Cod. Called 

grtiii'er-lte, grun'er-oit, n. Mineral. A brown iron gnest'ling* , n. E ny Hut. One of the two repre sentat he , butter=flsh. [Tor. of GUNWALE.! 
amphibole (FeSiO,), that crystallizes in the monoclinic ^ n *Knd ^M 7ormef ]> p emrued ent of the Cmq uep rt8 ' m gun'n<-r-y, n. [Additional senses.]' 1. The eport of 
system. griin-er- t"tl -za'tlon, . Geol. Meta- gucst'=wa*p", . An Inqulllne wasp of the family Mamr- gunning. See GUN, r. 2. [Rare.] A collection of guns. 
morphic alteration of other material into grunerite. Mas, of which only seven species are known to occur In the gun'Minith", M. I Additional sense.] [Slang. I A thief. [M.I 

"runt, n [\dditional phrase 1 French grunt, a United States. These are found in Texas and the far West, guil'ter, n. (Additional phrase.] sliding punter 
pert-old flsh (H/rm ulon ffavoUnraiuafi of the South Allan- COMSTOCK Study of Insects p. 657. [COMSTOCK PI;B. co. '95.1 dfaut.}, a mast so constructed as to permit the sliding of 
tic Ocean Called also open=inoutlied itriini and Uue'va-rism, gw6'va-rlzm, n. The somewhat affected the topmast down the lower mast on travelers; also, a sail 
ronco condeuado. literary style of the Spanish author Antonio de Guevara; fitted to such a mast. 

4. n I " lo - liil'tiji tfril'o-tal'na n 1 A eenus of Spanish euphuism. <ue'va-rist, n. orilll'vaiijr, gun'yaug, n. [Austral.] The edible fruit 

'hav^th^fro^ tfbk fitted for bmSwIng! .. [Additional sense.J [Eng.] A sudden or slight ? Au St'ra1ian plant (Sok m NHWri of the night- 

oopeaavro e or wng . - 

generally called the mole-crickets. They feed on tne -A""" 1 , KaTa n [Philippines 1 A fabric woven shade family (Solanacex): a .congener of the kangaroo- 

tender grass-roots, a habit that makes them a pest to grass. K " r om* baca- a natlve'name "PP'e, which it resembles and with which it is sometimes 

!? nl ?- . irnliiVni >, [ Additional comnounds.l euln'ea.boat". confounded. 

eral. A variety of cinnabar containing zinc. -iT Archaic 1 A variety of gig Same as OUKL, a. V, Bour-temperca; cross; sullen. 

gual'a-cene, gwai'a-stn, n. Chem. A tiglic aldehyde Ku i'ra , gwf'ru, n [Porto Rico!] A native musical Instru- gur'nard, re. [Additional phrase.] striped gurnard, 

(CtH.O), obtained by distillation of the wood or resin of ment made from a gourd. a trlgloid nsh (Prirmotu* mnlann) of the southern Atlantic. 

'"- " - ' F. Hist. A follower of the dukes gurr, gor, rf. [Scot.] To growl; make a growling noise. 

gurr.n. A growl. 

Of, pertaining to, or gnr'ryS, n. [otJB'Bizs, pi.] A wheelbarrow or hand-barrow; 
>r the (iulsards. See push-cart. 

( aambusia Diinctala) VIUIKAILU-. 11.71. a. uuinani. gus'set, n. [Additional senses.] 1. A wedge-shaped 

KUH-ji'ca, gwu-id'cQ, n [Sp Am 1 A pteclllold flsh (Pee- gul-lar', n. [Additional compounds.] gui-tar'=U8h", piece of land ; gore. 2. The triangular piece of elastic 

cilia vittatu) of Cuba; one of the kllltnshes. Called also n. Any rhlnobatold ray of the genus Rhinobalus, especially in the sides of a side-spring shoe. 3. In the plural, the 

In ML- ni i ii. Khinobatus prottuctus, found from San Francisco to San B ide-pieces for extension in a pair of bellows. giw'set= 

Kiia'iiH-miu c, gwfl'na-min, n. Chem. Same as FOBMO- Diego. g.. plant, n. [Austral.] A small Tasmanlan ne e''dle, n. A side needle used In knitting stockings. 

itUAKAHixi*. shrub (Lomatia tinctoria) of the protead family (Protea- S, plate, Same as GUSSET', 2. g.>8tayt. 

gua'nap-lte, gwa'nap-oit, n. Mineral. A guano min- eeaO: cultivated In greenhouses for Its foliage. o-uft/to, n [Additional sense.] Art. Predominating 

eral that is nearly related to struvite. gui-tar'ro, tf-tar'o, " JSp. Am.] A ray (Rhinobatus * t , applied to matters of opinion or taste; prevaif- 

gua'nlze, gwO'naiz, ft. [-NIZBD ; -NI'ZIHO.] To '; d c "''f"?Vhe7ullr n flshes ingartisticmethodscollectively; characteristic treatment. 

fertilize with guano. gul, gdi ![Pei ^.f Arose: so called by Bvron. gut, re. [Additional com P ounds.]-gut'=bread'', n. [Vul- 

gua-nov'u-llte, gwa-nev'yn-lait, n. , Mineral. A g|1 j f [Additional phrases.] - B ulf menhaden, a mr.TSntA The pancreas.-gut.hook, n. A coupling- 

silky yellowish-white hydrated ammonium-potassium * c i u peold fish ( Breroortia tijrannm patronut) ot theGulf of nook to fasten the jointures of round outgut liclts.-gat. 

sulfate that occurs in the form of crystalline deposits Meilco; one of the hcrrfngs.-n. gpa=bas, a ucrranold weed,.n. A variety of sow.thtstle (SnuHni* f r f "*>:. 

filling the birds' eggs found in guano. flsh (Centroprutex ocynriu) found off southern Florida In gnt-ta'tim,gtrt-t tlmorgut-t.. tlm,ad. IL.] Med. Bj the 

Kua'o, gwa'5, n. [Sp. Am.] A west-Indian tree (Como- the Gulf of Mexico; one of the black sea-basses. (J. ar P- * ut ta ffj i-.- i ^ T ./. . u.jv 

rladia deiilaHi) of the cashew family (Anacardiaceae} State, anyone of the United States of America bordering gut'ter, . [Additional compounds.] gut'ler.bird , 

nearly allied to sumac, with a clammy caustic Juice and on the Gulf of Mexico. n. 1. A sparrow. 8. A mean or low person; base or 

edible berries. gn'lix, glft'llx, n. A white, fine linen, used for shirts. contemptible fellow e.. drift, n. [Austral.] Same as 

gua-pe'na, Rwu-pe'na, n. [Sp. Am.] A scisenold flsh gull, n. [Additional phrase.] silvery gull, the her- OUTTEB,?. g.mian, n. A man who plies his trade on the 

( Equet lanceolatus) of the West Indies and Florida. Called rlng.gull See GCLLI n 1 gutter; hence, a cheap Jack or Itinerant vender. g.,mcT- 

also ,-il,b.,n,li.h. gul'let-er. gul'et-sr, n. Same as OULLETING-STICK. chantt.-..tree, n. The European dogwood ( Cornu, 

gua-ra'cha, gwu-rfl'chfl, n. [Sp.] A dance for one person n. Il i/it ! cml'et \na <M,*n,htnliii, t n A omnvp. sangumea). 

to the accompaniment of a guitar played by the dancer. S" 1 m S' n. b/tljt-tmiMlnff. -\ K"^ gut'ter-y , gtrt'sr-i , a. 1. Grooved; having furrows on 

gua"ra-pu'cu. gwfrra-pu'i-o, n. [Sp. Ani.) A scombrold madem a vessel forthe reception of the rudder or the like. * tne Bur f a ' ce ? pa id of wheat and other grains. 2. Filthy; 

flsh (Acanltiorybium xolamlri) found In tropical seas, one [< GULLET.] miiddv [< GUTTER, n.l 

' nr l n 

or protective casing for a coffer-dam. g.siroii, . 1. A One who impounds strayed cattle and brands or gtilllt's S 111 i-iar, guiyu-mr, u. jj 
bar of Iron used as a buffer for vessels, machinery, or the them with his own brand; a cattle-thief. 8> [Slang.] A [< L. guttula, small drop.] 
like. 3. A guard or fender attached to the forepart of an cattle. whip with a long thong. g..<iuall, n. A wind- guttliro-, gut'tur-0-. From Latin mtttur, throat: a 
English locomotive, a:. .leaf. n. A leaf that grows squall from the mountain gullies (of tropical America), combining form in adjectives signifying pertaining to 
between the clusters of a blossom of a double hollyhock. [M.] g..wind, n. A draft from a gully-hole; whiff of the throat and the part signified bvthe other elementofthe 
K.ipetalt. ir.ipile, n. A post or pile used to pro- sewer.gas. rnmnnnml- m///7v>iiasjil (throat and noseV mitturo- 

tect a structure from rough contact. Called also guard: gul'ly 8 , n. Same as GCLLEY. ' V/'t ;*, *-/" ^tnrnrnprintT due t/i R 

poftt. g.ipia, n. 1. Oneof the pins whlchkeeps a rifle- gu-Ioc', Ru-lec', n. [Philippines.] A machete; bolo: a na- palatal, gui iuf-' .ia-ny,n. t infe, uu 

guard In place. . A safety. pin used to keep the pallets live term. nervous spasmodic contraction of guttural muscles, 

from leaving tbe escape-wheel In a watch. g,*plate, 71. gulp, ri. [Additional sense.] To make a noise when gut'ty, gut'l, a. [Vulgar.] Round-bellied; tubby. 
[Additional sense.] Same as OUAKD-KIXO, 2. g.> polyp, swallowing or as if swallowing; swallow spasmodically gut'ty, n. [Colloq..] Qolf. A gutta-percha ball, 
n. Same as MACHOPOLYP. gnl'pin, guTpln, n. [Eng]. One who will believe anything guy 3 . * [Slang, Eng.] To run away; skedaddle. 

Gua're-a, gwd're-a, n. Bot. A genus of tropical trees * tnat nc hears; a credulous person; in nautical slang, a ma- guy a , n. \ Slang, Eng.] The act of running away secretly; 
or shrubs of the bead-tree family (Meliacese.), chiefly rfne. an escape; In such phrases as to give one the guy (to 

American. The bark of various species furnishes emet- gum 1 , n. [Additional sense.] A disease to which fruit- 8l ye one tb e slip); to do a guy (to run off), 
ics, purgatives, and astringents. trees are liable, due to an abnormal secretion of gum. Gym-ne'ma, jim-nt' [or -ne'Jma, n. Bot. A 

gna'rln-lte, gwfl'rin-ait, n. Mineral. An adamantine Kum'idig'Ver, . Kuni=digging, . The pursuit of twining shrubs or undershrubs of the milkweed family 

A genus of 

tua'rln-Ite, gwa'rin-oit, K. Mineral. An adamantine Kum'idig"Ker, n Kuni=digging, . Tbe pursuit of twining snruus or unuersnruDs or me miiKwecd family 
yellowish calcium-platinum silicate that crystallizes in digging for the kauri-gum. gunisflower, n. [Scot.] An (Asdepiadace&), chiefly of southern Asia and Malaysia. 

the nrthnrhomhir nvntern artificial Sower. gllHKtop trre. a eucalypt < Eiintlup- [ <- (; r . mimnos. naked.] 

the orthorhombic system. artificial flower guiiiupp tree, a. eucalypt tEnnili/p- [< Gr. gymnos, naked.] 

' gvaza) found in tropical American waters and of southeastern Australia, with rream-coldred hark. Called of ten much elongated. Some species have the under surface 

in Europe: one of the groupers, gua'zat. also mannaigum tree and locally white enm. and sometimes the upper with a white or yellow waxy pow- 

gna'ti-vere, gwfl'tl-vir n [Sp Am] A serranold nshgum", n. [Additional compounds.] gumMick"ler, n. der which gives them the name of silver fern and gold 

I BodlanwfulvW) of the West Indies, Bermudas, and Flor- [U.S.] 1. Raw spirit, aa alcohol, used as a stimulant or fern. srvm -non' ter- OUH. a. Entom. Having un- 
Ida Keys; especially, the black guatlvere (Hoiltanun beverage. 8. A toper's first glasi. ganutooth, n. A 

/ufcu* functatJix) and the red gualivere tnmllanu* molar. genus of heteroerlous rust. fungi ( Uredintx) known In the 

fulvut rubtrt, sometimes called gualivere amarilla. gum'bar, gum'bflr, n. Same as CAPTAK . latter stage of their life-cycle on the cypress and juniper 

rna-vi'na, gwa-vfna, n. [Sp. Am.] 1. A goblold flsh gum'bel-Ite, gom'bel-ait, n. Mineral. A pearly green- as cedar-apples. In their earlier or *cldjal stage, they an 

/ .- j 1. .*_- r__r _ j._^ _. *L-J *.-..,_,_--.,_,._ _,__!_ . _i,i__;_t_..._ ^ , f J . pear as yellow spots on the leaves of apple-trees. Six spe- 

Kn'bal, go'bat, n. CPhlllppInes.] A forest: a Tagalog yumma, tumor.] 

Kum'phi-on. gum'fi-gn, n. [Archaic.] A mourning-ban- gyne-, \comMning formt. [Additional terms.]- 
lub'bln, gob inz, n. pi. Hut. Semi-savages who derole or -banner placed over a tomb or carried In a funeral gyneco-, f gyn"e-co-cral'lc, gyn"e-co-crat1c-al, a. 

sofa, firm, gsk; at, fire, accord; element, e.r = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, | = renew; obey, no; nt, ner, atom; full, rule; but, burn; aisle; 
&T Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference Is to the main vocabulary. 

gynecic 2139 head 

Same aa GYXECRATIC. nyn"fe-co-crat'ict. gyn"e- Ha'ke-a, he'[or hg']kg-a, n. Bot. A large genus of hand'spoke", hand'spok", 7j. Same as HANDSPIKE. 
col'a-try, re. Same as OYNKOLATKY. gyn"ie-col'a- Australian evergreen shrubs or small trees of the protead lia lul'spaik "t: haiid'spake"!. 

' family (ftufeo^), with .perfect, apetalous flowers in hand; W l,il e ''t, n. A moment. . 

.. rsuriiwsifj 111 me luim ui unuumr |>;IM in->. wy"" " ~~~ r ~.~^~~ "~f 

ro-Htach'ya, n. Bot. A genus of terrestrial orchids, a fowler's name. with, living protoplasm: used also eubstantively. [< 

commonly known as Spiraiithex, with tuberous or fibrous nall y *col / 'uinii, hflf'-cerum, n. Arch. A column* Gr. fiaptd, touch, -HoAOTMi bearing.] 
roots, erect, slender, scape-like stems, bearing at the sum- like projection from a wall. ha'pu, IiQ plu, n. [New Zealand.] A division of a tribe ; 

mit a more or less twisted spike of small, usually white or half y *coni-mun"lon, hflf'-cgm-miun'yun, n. Com- small community- family, liar 'put [Maori], 

snipe (Limnocryntes aallinida}. 2. The dunlin. Ear'Ber-ffert. n. A harbinger. 

ha Pi-hut, n. [Additional phrases.] arrowitoothed liar'biiiget* ft- To lodge. 

halibut* a pleuronectold fish (Atherfxthex xtomias) of the liard'eil, hflrd'n, n. 1. Same as HARDS'. 2. A coarse 
Pacific, from San Francisco to Alaska. Monterey h., cloth made from hards. Iierd'enJ; hurdVn . 

1 . Astromateoid fish (Xvmem yro- 

( . ii ,1 -i> i i - - --* - - r T -*--> -- - in i ;IMI i;ini;i, LUC tinnier ui any o e Puca 

liab'lt-an-cy, . [Additional sense.] Population; semblage of pelagic animals that inhabit salt water, as yersally In Australia for building and fencing 

inhabitants. distinguished from those of lakes. [< Gr. hols, sea, + har'dy-head", har'dl-hcd', n. [Local, N. S. Wales.] An 

hab'it-ate, hab'lt-^t, B. [Rare.] I. t. To habituate. II. plankton, roaming.] Australian sllrerslde (ASliertna pinguis). 

t. To llve^ Inhabit. ha-llN"(e-rt-'I, ha-lis'tg-rt'sis, n. Pathol. Bone- hare''=wnl'la-by, . Same ^^as HABK-KANGAKOO. 

or small headland In a plowed neld. collectively. [< Gr. hols, sea, + bias, life.] har'stromr hflr'strane n [Obs or Prov Fn* 1 The ho*. 

hiem a-tal, hem'- or htm'a-tal, a of or per am ng to - hal''o-lil-ot'lc, a. t^^OT'WtowS^SjwSSvSfT^SSai.). SaSK 

blood or the blood-vessels. [< Gr. kaima(t-), blood.] hal'peiiHt, n. pi. Halfpence. stranirt; hore'strongt. 

hem'a-tali. haU'fanirt, re. Same as HEALFANG. bask'y, hcjsk'i, a. [Archaic.] Gravelly. 

htein"au'to-graph, n. Same as HEMAUTOGBAPH*. hal'ter, vt. [Additional senses.] 1. To hang; also, to has"ti-fo'li-ate, a Same as HASTIFOLIOUS 

llir'iiiii-li-dir. h6'mu-ll-di, Ich. Same as llxuv- put a rope about the neck of, as for hanging. 2. To hat, n. [Additional phrase.] black hat [Slang, Aus- 

LOMiDA-lisB'inu. ld,n.-hBB'inu.loid,a. snare; lasso. tral.], a newly arrived immigrant. 

^UDt&^arwraMm^toaM^wnddeno&w hal/ter> > " [Additional sense.] A dumb-bell used in hatch'et<baek",, A large unionoid mussel (Symphy- 

the like, heftt. leaping, carried in the hand to add momentum. notq or Alazmoflonta coniplanqta) of the Mississippi 

haft, n [Additional sense ] [Dial] An Islet In a marsh or hal'ur-gy, hal'ur-jl, n. [Rare.] The art or science of ob- basin whose shell is used in making pearl buttons. 

pool. taining and preparing salt. [<Gr.ate, salt.+erffow, work.] hat'pln", hat'pin', n. A long pin for fastening a girl's 

hag, vt. [Additional sense.] To fag; weary. halved, pa. [Additional sense.] Golf. Drawn: said or woman's hat upon her head; 

Ha'ga-rene, hS'ga-rfn, n. A Saracen; descendant of of a game that has required the same number of strokes hat'tern, hat'ern, n. [Prov. Eng.] Clothing, hat'erii 

Hagar from each player: said also of a hole. halved match, a bat'teri. 

hag'baa, hag'bfl, n. [Heb.] The raising of the scroll of drawn game. hat'ting, re. [Additional sense.] [Slang, Austral.] The 

the law, as at the beginning or conclusion of the reading halve'=llet", hflv'-nef, re. A bag-like flshing-net used , labor of tt ml ? ( ; 1 ', 1 ;', h ? works alone. See IIATTEKI. 2 

of the lesson from It that It may be seen by the congrega- for catching fish at ebb-tide lialf'sllet"! hatstree, n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] A bottle. tree. 

tion which stands up in Its honor. ham'nld hlm'nid n rsrnti of nr ncrtainino- tn iimtii- lau"clie-com'Itc, hau'che-cern'Qit, n. Mineral. A 

h *or' C re < woo''d ha nag'"8t'o'ck''?""' : ' A chopplng - block ' M hSfn?.madc; domesUc; jiomely. hani'elu7ham'iltjl m .^J 1 ;L. 1 !l h i7,l!L^=_ n i c : k ^: balt '? ntimo !! 3 '' bi81mlth 

torBrewood. hag'=8tock"t. haiii"a-mel"I-da'ceous ham"a-iiid r i-de'shios "a sulfld that crystallizes in the tetragonal system. 

^S^taMmD^virie^rZ^nllt Of or pertaining to the B^mamOOm, or wich-h'azci haiigh'ton-lte, hS'ten-ait, n. Mitral. . A black va- 

yellow ish impure \ anety ot thomsenollte family. [< Gr hama together + melon apple! "ety of biotitc in which the magnesium is largely re- 

hag-ica'dah, [Additional sense.] The services held HSii.Ite, he'mat h-ai t n A i inhabfiint of the Placed by iron. [< Dr. Samuel Waughton, of Dutilin.] 

on the first two nlgnts of Passover when the story of the Tlc'ent Syrian city of I aZth now iCah ase, f./ 1 Additional sense. I [Scot. 4 Prov. Kng.] A 

Exodus is told. Ha'mntli tip n narrow connecting ridge in a depression between two 

has'slle, it. [Additional senses.] I. t. To confuse or . ... r i.', ,. , , mountains or summits; also, a pass containing such a ridge. 

Ij" * _ v ' ;*!. 5 , t . bani'ik. ham Ik. n. rlorldil.l Adrv. wooded Knoll: luim r^ AC ;..../. nn^ir -i i 

' -- - T-_ , iiaaini, \TIII... coiicuian^ ill iiiwiicus. p" " "' " r l . . j, , ""V > a uun UAIV-, ^. 

leather from which the hair has not been removed. hand'sbolt", hand'.bolt" n [Archaic] A handcuff ha'zel, . [Additional sense.] An Australian shrub or 

halr'weed", har'wtd', n. Sot. A conferval moss. liand'--cloth" n [Additional sense 1 A towel ' 8m , a11 trcc ( / '""""''''"' upehila), <if the buckthorn family 

halr'^Hp' fern. A small fern (CluUalmthe, wtUa), hand'ei; hflnd'el. I. rt. [s -Afr. D." To enter Into com- ffiZSrffe^NEr*,'*' 8atl y tCXtUr " SUita '" e 

A to 1H innhfa >i!rrli trtnnA rm r/wVo frnm "Wouf Vrtrb- tn. mornial rolotlnTio \o\tY, fttrva nn traHo urlth T n \l,..-_ . , "' ,' ' 

= out; eil; Iu = feud, jj = future; c=k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ii.ik; no; thin; zh = azure; P. boA, dfine. <,from; i, obsolete; t, variant. 
f&~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


5*1 40 


rn*. coniform appendages surrounding the mouth of certain 
ptcropodous mollusks, aa Clione. h.iscab, n. Sheep- 
scab. See SCAB. 2. 

head'ward"t, '>. The guarding of the bead or life of a 
sovereign or a lord. 

In-ad'iva"I'r, hed'wS'tfirz, n. ]. The waters at or 
near the source of any stream, river, or the like: some- 
times in the singular. 

heaf, hif, n. [Dial., North Eng.] The customary grazlng- 

pliil'ii-, a. 

Kbyte", n. . __ 

itroduced Into the blood. u<*ni"n-i<r-rht l 

_ _ _ _ nd in globu 

. Same as'iiEMoWiLic. uem'a-to- Htint'ood, of Cornwall, Eng.l 

n. Pathol. Any bacterial or vegetable organism In-pat <>-. combining form. [Additional terms.] hep'- 

a-toid* a. Kesembling the liver; hepatized. hep"a- 
lo-lii li'ir, a. Wttlml. Of, pertainingto, or calculated to 
induce hepiitolitlilasis. hei>"a-top'to-Hig, n. Pitthol. 
Prolapsus of the liver. hep"a-to-tox'in, hep'a-to-tex'- 
In, n. Toficol. A cytotoxin or cell-destroying poison with 
a specific action on the cells of the liver. See CYTOTOXIN'. 
Iiep^n-to-ven'tral. a. Of, pertaining to, affecting, or 
' - " "abduim- 

Pathol. A bloody flux; morbid discharge commingled In 
blood. hem "a - lor - rhve'a J. h r m ' .1 - tone, a. 

Pathol. Fully or abnormally charged with bloud; over- 
charged with nlood. hein-a-tOM'iii, /'- Same as HKMA- 
TIN, 1. hem"a-to-stib'i-ife. n. Mineral. A black 
manganese and Iron antimonate <8MnO.Slw,O 5 ),that crystal- 

ground of sheep. 

lira rtir=broom", hoirth' -bruin', n. A small broom 
used for sweeping up cinders, dusting hearths, etc. 

hrarriii!;. hdrt'ing, n. Building. Material used to 
fill up a central space in a wall or other masonry con- 
struction; also, the act of filling in such a space. Hzes in the orthorhmnbtc system. hem-a-tox'icj a. situated near both the liver and abdomen. 

heartsease"."- [Additional sense.] L Austral.] The AUB- Pathol. Of or pertaining to hemotoxis. hein"o-tox'ic. Hr-phrVtic, he-fes'tic, a. Same as HKPH^STIAN. 
trallan brook lime (Gratiolti petluncutata). hein"a-to-zy-niot'ic, '/. Mrd. Pertaining to, caused Hep"i-al'i-dte, liep'1-al'I-dt or -de, n. pi. Same as 

by, or proceeding from zymosis or morbific fermentation 
>f the blood. ne-mat"u-re'i! 

heart' *wood" 

[Additional sense.] LAnstral-1 The Tas- 


as KIM v 

northeastern United States. Australian h., any one of 

[Additional compounds, etc.] herb';frank 

teoroids, or non-luminous members of distant systems. 

Iie-foet'Ic, he bet'ic, a. Phyttiol. Of or pertaining to 
youth or the period of pubescence. [< Gr. A2W, youth.] 

grubber broadhead (Engraulis productus) . 

hed'en-berg"Ite, hed'en-bcrg'oit, n. Mineral. A 
calcium-iron pyroxene (CaFe(SiO|) a ), that crystallizes in 
the monoclimc system. [ < Ludwig Hedenberg, Swedish 

llc"<li'-o'iiia. ht'de-o'ma, n. Bot. A genus of annual 
or perennial aromatic and pungent herbs or low shrubs 
of the mint family (Labiatae), with small leaves and small 
blue or purple flowers clustered in the axils or in terminal 
spikes or racemes. The common pennyroyal (//. jtule- 
gioide*) of the United States is well known. See PENNY- 
ROYAL. [< Gr. Agrfy*. sweet, + osme, smell.] 

he'der, hl'der, n. [T>Ial., Eng.J A male sheep, especially 
from eight or nine months old till Its first shearing, hec'- 
dert; hid'der;. 

Ited'y-phane, hed'i-fen, n. Mineral. A variety of 
mimetite containing calcium that is found massive. 
[< Gr. hedyx^ sweet, + phaind, show.] 

He-dys'a-rum, he-dis'a-rum, n. Bot. A genus of 
herbs or somewhat shrubby plants of the bean family 

ng fronmopneart 
llwm " au ' t <-S ra P h t. - liem"au ; 'to - graph'- 

are.] Of or pertaining to a master. 


[_< L. hern*, master.] 

her-ma'iia, her-mu'ng, n. [Sp.] A sister, 
rpzenoid food-fish, lier-ma'no, her-infi'iio, n, IHEK-MA'NOS, pi.] [Sp.] A 

rmetic lore. See 

i-a 1'iii-a, n. Pathol. PaiL, *., .. v 

to one side; unilateral pain. Hem' / i-as'ci, n. pi. 

One of the two groups of fungi which make up the Affi 
cetex. Their sporangia resemble ascl, but are with 
definite form or a fixed number of spores. Tbey are 

hgr'met-izm, n Her 
n, especially in the head, confined HERMETIC BOOKS.- Her'inet-Ist, n. 


Bot. he-ro'in, f he-rO'in, -In, n. t'heni. A derivative of 
womy- lie-ro'iiie, f morphin; di-acetyl-morphin: used princi- 
Qout a pally as an antispasmodic in coughs. 

of the twosubdlvlsionsof J/?-iomt/c?te#. They Tiaveconldlo- 1 
phores resembling basldia, but without a definite form or 
number of conidla. They are Intermediate between Phy- 
nycetes and Baxidiomycetes. They are known also as 

The department of pathology that describes herpetic 
ailments and their treatment. [< HERPETO- -f- Gr. 
grapho-, write.] 

talllne acid ((.'if)Hi,,o 6 ), derived by decomposition of oplanlc 
acid. It has an astringent taste and melts at ISO 5 C. 
Hem"i-zo / ni-a. n. Bot. A genus of rough annual, rarelv 
perennial, herbs of the aster family ( Compfwtae), with yel- 
low flower-heads, allied to Btttantkut. There are about 20 
species, found In western North America, 
species are known In California as tarweeds. 

(Lqntminofae), with odd-pinnate leaves, axillary, clus- Hem"i-N< yl-II'i-die, hemM-sil-lai'i-dl 'or -ecil-lt'i-de, 

ellipsoid of fixed center and of fixed form moving about 
its center so as always to be tangent to the plane. Prof. 
E. H. MOOKE Univ. of Chicago. [< Gr. herj)d t creep, 
-f/wAw, pole, + hodos, way.] 

'if,' Her'rlng, n. [Additional phrases.] freshwater her- 
1 riiiB, the, grayling.- Rtlohlnui h., the cisco or lake-her- 
rlng. Picton h., a smoked or dried New Zealand clu- 
peoid or herring-like fish. toothed h., same as HOON- 


n. j)l. Ich. A family of sharks with the anal behind the 

second dorsal and ovoviviparous gestation. Hem"!- her'slr, her'ser, n. Formerly the governor of a kerad in 
*c-Fl'II-iiin, n. (t. a.) [< HEMI- + Gr. stylion, dog- Norway. [< ON. herr = AS. here, host.] 
fish.] kem"i-8<'yl'li-ld, a. & n. hem"I-scyl'- her"vi-de'ro, her'vI-de'rO, n. [Sp. Am.] A mud-volcano. 
ll-old, a. & t). lieM'ped* hes'ped, n. [Heb.] A eulogy 

ter"y, hem'i-tgr'i, n. [-IES, pi."] Pathol. A , 

tiie'dead, as at a funeral or memorial service. 

gy pronounced over 

tered, or spiked white, cream-colored, or purple flowers, 
and jointed pods. It embraces about 60 species, nearly 
all of the temperate regions of the Old World. H. boreale 
or Americanuin Is found In the northern United States and 
Canada. [< Gr. hedyx, sweet, + saron, broom.) 

h ^tS-^MlSldve^J^^^l"^"te^J', henvi-ter-i, n. [-, ES , ,,.] Pa tM . A ^-^...J ^-^orn,,, ^c. 

{a^ < ssr f %ss^^ 1 s " whiic await ' ng transiiian - TG^S^^T 8 to monstr 9ity - [< IIEMI - b ^n? S^& Sf?M^L Ifi&'SgssEi 

Iteel 1 , n. [Additional sense.] Golf. The part of a club leni"ioek=<-her'vll, n. An Old World herb (Torilis . '""* 

that is nearest to the handle. Attthriscut) of the parsley family (UinteUiferai). lies'^per-ld'e-ous, hes pyr-id'e-os, a. 1 . Of or belong- 

heem'raat-en* hem'rat-en, n. pi. [S.-Afr. D.] Burghers henio-, combining fonn. [Additional terms: all spelled m S to i he 5? rder 'ff^ndta, an old order including the 

appointed by the government as assessors in the district also H.SMO- ] he"iii"o-cryM'ial-liii n Crystallized orange family. 2. Same as IIESPERIDATE*. 

courts. Compare HKEMRAAD. hemoglobin. See HEMOGLOBIN.- liein"o-Iu'le-in, n. licter-, {combining forms, [Additional terms.] hef". 

hefts, tt. [Additional sense.] [Scot.] To restrain; hold Chr.m. Same as HEMATOIDIN. hein"o-per-i-ciir'di- lietero-, f er-an'drous, a. Having stamens or anthers of 

LACE, up iKorur nm, n. Pathol. An effusion of blood Into the pericardium, differcntstructureor length. hel'Vr-nx'i-al, a. Anat. 

h"' t i W ^. ea '?P '. ?r n ^ heiii"o-pla-nio / di-um n. A hematozolc protozoan. Having three unequal perpendicular axes. het"er-o-al'- 

bTan'ohject^o*/ worship e( >rls, an< to hem'o-ehrome, hem'o-crOm, n. The coloring-mat- 

He!"a-do-the'ri-um, See HELLADOTHIBIUM ter of the blood; hemoglobin. [< HEMO- + Gr.cAr3ma, 

hel'beh, hel'be, n. [Ar.] The edible mucilaginous seeds color.] liw'mo-rliromct. 

of the herb fenugreek, grown especially In Egypt, hcl'bet* "<*tn o-gal'lol, hem'o-gal'Ol or -el, n. Chem. A red- 
Hel-co'Mls, hei-cO'sis, n. Pathol. An ulcerated state dish-brown insoluble compound obtained by oxidizing 

or condition ; ulceration. [ < Gr. helkos, ulcer.] the hemoglobin of the blood with pyrogallol, and used in 

hele. nil, n. 1. [Dial.] Cover or shelter. 2t. A place of medicine as a hematinic. [< HEMO- + GALL', n., + -OL.] 

al terms 1 he'li-o- * l ? m " < ?"ff as 't r * c t hem' o- gas' trie, a. Pertaining to or 


n. An Instrumentfor measuring the 

o-ter-monie'ter, n. n nsrumenor measurng te , - . - 

effect of atmospheric absorption upon solar radiation: gen- hen old - hem'eld, a. Hematold. [< HEM- + -OID.] 

erally a thermometer with blackened bulb, placed In a black, lisein'old}. 



r, stomaca 
[< HEM- 

lni-mo*** 1 , 71. Analbumose precipitated by the addition of 
more than the normal amount of sodium ehlorld. het'*- 
er-o-chir'al* a. Having precisely similar appearance 
save that the left and right sides are reversed, as an object 
and Its image reflected from a plane surface. liri"rr-o- 
< h i ii-in :i i 'i r, a. Physics. Possessing or relating to dif- 
ference of color; as, heterochromatic photometry (com- 
parison of lights of different hues). het"er-or'lin -OUR, 
a. Same as HETEKOCLINE. het"er-ou / en-itet n. Min- 
eral. A dark-brown or black decomposition product of 
smaltlte. het"er-o*g:lob / ii-loHe, n. A niember of the 


case with glass lid. 

. , . 

heteroproteose proup, derived from globulin. Het"er- 
OU'MH-I hi. het'yr-eg'na thl, n. pi. left. A suborder of 
plectospondylous fishes with brain^ase not produced be- 

hem'ol, hem'Ol, n. Chem. A dark-brown insoluble ? w ? fl 3 I 0rl3 8? a " d witl ? fe w and Pl'aryKeals diversiform. 

lie'li-o-trope," n. [Additional phrase.] false hello- compound obtained from hemoglobin by reduction with Deluding the Cfiaracintdx, etc.-het'er.oy.naih, a. & 

trope, the summer heliotrope. See under HELIOTEOPE. zi nc dust, and used in medicine as a hematinic. [< ' - - e , r -**K. na -tn? u --n.el Ice "on, 

Ue'll-nin, n. [Additional sense.] Chem. A colorlesi HEMO- -f- -01, ] 

BSMW l it^BSa^!tfSS^ 

s^&Tan'^e!" 1 ,^ !SI VSgtZ Se 'SS& 5S?B^rKff*W ~^ 

lines D + Da and was noted D 3 . Discovered on the earth other species; theglobuhcidalsubBtanceof blood-serum. 

In clevlt* In 1895 by Ramsay. l< Gr. Mlios, sun.] [< HEMO- + Gr. lysix, loosing.] lia'-inol'i -vi n : . 
hellt, vt. & rt. To pour, as nlood or water. [=HKBL*. p.l llem"o-pllo'bi-a, hetn'o-fO'bi-Q, n. Same as UEMA- 
liel'lu-e, hel'yu-g, vt. [liare.] To consume or absorb greedily. 


E tt 1 orcn i,l hem'or-rlia"gln, hem'o-reMin, TJ. Toxicol. A epe- 

~'iPirfaia'i/li:>ruculla'la) with a'heiihet.shaped flo'wer. clnc cytotoxin, found in snakes' venom by Flexncr, 

hp-lo'bi-w.hc-lo'bl-ior-i-.n.p;. Hot. Sameas KLUVIALKS-. hanng the property of dissolving the cndothclial cells 
hel'ot-lmn, hel'et-izm. n. [Additional sense.] Blot. A of blood-vessels, thus causing hemorrhage. See CYTO- 
form of symbiosis in which one of the organisms sustains T " IN L<.HEMOI 

_iM,*t iiti IIH* u. lift fi -u iii-ir^ 1 11*11 * 

. Infection of foreign origin or from without. 
lici "rr-o-ki-nrNN. n. Biol. Karyoklnesls In which 
the material of the germ-plasm Is unequally distributed. 
hel^er-o-lnl'i-n, n. Pathol. Same as IIETEROPHASIA. 
het/'er-o-lec'i-thal, a. Biol. Having the yolk une- 
qually distributed: said of ova. liet"er-o-iitor'phitr* 
u. Mineral. Same as JAMESONITK. het"er-o-pro'te- 
ose. het"er-o-prfl'te-0s, n. One of the proteoses; an Inter- 
mediary product formed In the hydratlon of protelds. It la 
the least diffusible of the proteoses. het'er-o-site, M. 
Mineral. An alteration product of lithlophllite. het"e- 
row'ty-ly, n. Same as HETEROSTTLISM. hefer-o- 
(hcr'a-py, n. Med. Same as ALLOPATHY. hel/'er-o- 
zyar'ote, hefgr-o-zlK'Ot or -zai'got, n. Biol. A zv'gote 
formed by the conjugation of two gametes of dmcrr ' 


lid - vld'l-aii, hel-vid'i-on, n. Same as ANTIDICOMABJ 


In-ill-, | combining farm*. [Additional terme.] [All 
Ili-ma-, >words in this group are also spelled H.M-, 
lieniato-, ) ii'GMA-, etc.] he ' ma - chrome, n. The 
coloring-matter of the blood. hi-m'n-lid, . Anal. A 
red blood.corpuxrle. lii>ni" n .iiiiiV-ler, n. A kind of 
hemochromometi-r or hcmoKloblnonu'ter. hem'a-fo- 
rrit n. Ptiytlol. An apparatUR designed to record the 
proportion of the fluid to the cellular constituents of the 
)lood. nem'a-to-kritt. tii-m'ii-rn-iren, n. Cktm. 
The supposed base of hemoglobin, a nucleln containing 
Iron, found In organic cells, heni-a-lol'v-nin, n. 

Queentiland h., a tropical "weed"(A-i<(a "rhoinbifolia). for thc nlood of another spt'cies^ See 'ISOLTSIN*. [< 
Called also jelly:lenf, pnddy:hicerne* and native 
lucrrnc. ICajinnlial h., the nlx-r of the liajmahal 

. . 

Called also jelly.-lenf, pnddyHneerne, and native HETERO- + QT. lysis, loosing.] hofer-o-ly'slw, n. 

Thediseawed condition produced by heterolyain. liet"- 

, a. 


, hen'izm, n. Philm. Same as HONISM. 


.. n. Anal. The process of grow- 
ing one into the other; specifically, the uniting of thc 
upper and nether lids of the eye. [< Gr. hen, one.] ] 

His curious investigations into heteromorphosin substitution of 
ne organ by another, transformation of one organ into another 
'as really an outgrowth of these studies. 

Pop. Science Monthly Oct., 'm. p. 77. 

Mineral. A Bubmet- 


K-li'hacli-ilo, hiO'bQH-ait, n. 

, firm, gsk; at, fire, Accord; element, jr = over, eight, g = usage; tin, machine, | = renew; obey, no; not, nor, atom; full, rule; but, burn; aUle; 
CrogB-reference to words in the Addend* are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference ia to the main vocabulary. 

Heuchera 2141 hougher 

allic black hydrated cobalt and nickel oxid ((Co.Ni), boast'man, host'man, . [Local, Eng.l A member of the h. -plant, n. 1. Any species of Hoya. 2. The bee-balm 

O.iOHM that is found as an incrustation on baritc. principal civic corporation of Newcastle-on-Tyue, former- (MettM tmctnaai}, 3. In Tasmania, a tree (Kichea tea- 

...,',. I.., ,. hin'lrprn Hit! \ wnna rif ncreiininl Iy, a member of a merchant gild of that place which received faria) of the! epacrid family ( E/jucriilaceSB). 

,,f t" S'HV f. fn ii'lvfsttVir>m strangers that came to buy coal ami certain other commod- hoil'ey-suck"le,n. [Additional phrase.J-red honey- 
herbs ot tne saxifrage I ltles tH)11(lut . tC(1 ,| IU purchases, and levied upon them a cer- suckle IProv.J, the French honeysuckle iSeOlHarum co- 
ally roundish, petloled, radical leaves and naked or nearly ta | n duty . ln lau , r t ' ml ,. s the gild controlled the selling and rouariiim) and the common red clover 

hex'a-seme, hex'a-sim, a. Anc. Pros. Same as IIEXA- outcry: fn-ijuciitly used a a termination In the names of ring of such a degree. 

SEMIC. places: now chiefly dialectical. [< Ice. haugr, mound. J hoo'chi-iioo, hu'clil-nfi, n. [Alas.] 

hex'en-be"sen, hex'en-bfj'sen, n. [G.] Same as WITCH- Cjtwetl hoott hooeti hoyret. sugar and flour: so called from the fi 

ho'ey, ho'e, n. A secret society formed by the Chinese, lioolc. vt. [Additional sense.] Golf. 
u./ ------- M n ^. n r. m TnH 

. Rum distilled from 

. first makers. 

ho'ey, ho'e, n. A secret society formed by the Chinese, lioolc. vt. [Additional sense.] Golf. Same as DRAW, v . 
. ,.!.. ' 

[Additional phrase.] -- to hold the bag [Stock 

wages. [< Maori uta, money.] 

jop 3 , n. [Additional phrases, etc.] bojt'hop", . Same 
.Tice as BUCK-BEAN. hop=borer, n. A moth (J/yttrtecia im- 

.~~. .-.... w.t.,.~~.j*.i. ,,^*.v, ,v,,y*- .,.,,.,.- . . itreet manix} whose caterpillar bores Into the hop.vine. hops 

splnosust burrowing beneath the bark of hickory. trees. , Phrase. merchant,/). An American butterfly < 1'olnuonta comma) 

h. KalUlouxe. any aphldld insect, especially of the genus holdt. n. [Additional sense.l [AS. 1 Eng. Hist. Formerly, whose caterpillar feeds on the hop-vine as well as other 
Phylloxera, which raises galls on hlckory.trces h. an officer of high rank In the Danelaw, corresponding with plants. hop.vine thecla, asmafl gossamcr.wmgcd but- 
iiintb, n. Any moth whose caterpillars feed on the leaves _. tn , e tngllsu high reeve. ierfly ( Theclu humult) whose caterpillar affects the hop. 

of hickory-trees, as the Luna moth, etc. h.swattle, n. hole, n. [Additional sense.] Golf. In a links, the space vine, one of the hair-streaks. native hop. [Austral.] 
A Queensland wattle (Acacia aulacocarva) . Called hick- lying between any two points. Compare HOLE. 7*.. 5. 1. Any one of various shrubs of the genus Doclonaea of the 

holc'wort", hol'wurf, n. An Old World species of : 

ory around Brisbane, hole'wort", hol'wurt", n. An Old World species of soapberry family (Suphularc;?). Called also HOP-BUSH. 

hl-drot'ic, hi-dret'ic. I. a. Productive of _perspira- corydalis (C. tvberoia): from its hollow roots. Called In Tasmania, a shrub (Dariexia liuifoliti) of the bean family 
tion; sudoriferous. II. n. Pathol. A sudorific. [< also hollowwort and hollowroot. (Leauminosx.) Called also bitter* leaf. 

Gr. hydrates, moisture.] ho'li-a, ho'H-a. n. A fish. SameasHADDO. i^Wirii."'^/! im-nl Hn'wr !?' Ahmr 

hiel'a-man, hira-man, n. [Austral.] A shield of wood HoI"lau-daUc', hel-Qii-dez', n. Cookery. A sauce fc P P er - zer '. ne P V 

or bark about 3 feet long and 4 Inches wide used by the made of butter yolks of eees tarragon-leaves lemon- containing some poisonous or glutinous compound to 
aborigines, heil'a-mant. hiel'a-inaii:tree", . An <.,, ,.,/t ,., ,,1 niitmeo- ('tillerl >3>m I>iil<-li innw destroy insects. [< HOPPKB + DOSE.] 
Australian coral.tree (Eri/thrina rraprrttlto); the bat's- JSJJii'andilse Taiice < 'Holland 1 hop'piiig=ttsh", n. A tropical gobioid fish of the 

naMvcTforfuakinl- s'hieWs the *** ' "" V/ A by hol'low, a. [Additional phrases, etc.]-hol'low.root", Be""" Perinphthalimis which frequents mud-flats and 

hl"e-rat'i"ca hai'e rat ; i-ca n A superfine grade of [Additional sense.] Same as HOLEWOKT'.- hollow progresses by hopping on the ground 

id'for sacred writin in ancVn Ki^nt r^ stock. 1. A species of false mallow (Ma/vagtrum tpiat- hor'bach-itc, her'bac-ait, n. Mineral. A metallic 

?*^ra*0 sacred 1 Iti-gypt. [< ,,, .^ A ^^ , fj-nnnas nmaa-fnlint nt the mint famllv rlark.vellow iron-nickel sulfld that is closely related to 

htgh'=ball",Y [Slang.] A " ball " or drink in which h 

the glass is filled high with mineral water: generally 

whisky and seltzer. See BALL 1 , n., 6. *. T , 

hiifh'er crit'i-oiHin. See CRITICISM, 6 tree or shrub (Lomatia ilirifolia) of the protead family '* 'J ,, m 

ike, re [Local U S ] The act of hiking- a weary Journey (Proteacete) sometimes cultivated In greenhouses for Its hor"in-iiiol'o-iry. n. Same as OBISMOLOGT. 

on ?oot journey f uH , n Tasmanlai a Bnrub ( Coprm r m , janella) of the hor"l-zon'tal, n. [Additional sense.] A tall shrub or 

Hil'a-ry term. [Eng.] Oneof the four terms recognized madder family (RuMaceeel. smooth h. [Austral.], a tree tree (Anodopetalum biglnndulosiim) of the saxifrage 

In courts of law, lasting from Jan. 11-Jan. 31; so called (Hedycarya. angufttifolia) of the monlmlad family (Mo- family (Saj-ifragacese) occurring in the western forests 

from the festival of St. Hilary (Jan. 13). to keep nimiacese). Called also native mulberry. of Tasmania and taking its name from its peculiar mode 

Hilary, term, to be festive and gay. hol'l y-liock", n. [Additional compounds.] hol'ly- ot growt h. The main stem after reaching a certain 

hi-lag'mic, M-lor hal-llaz'mlc, a. [Rare.] Propitiatory. hpck"=rose". n. One of the resurrectlon.plants (A>fa- h( , 1( ^, t as8ume8 a horizontal or drooping portion, from 

utf/.j'' l " !as " 1 "'-. P? 1 '. atlon.] gmella lepiaopMln) . ^h.-tree, n. [Austral.) A small wl ,r ch the branches ascend, repeat the action of the stem 

II 1 1 'de-brand'ic, nil de-brand Ic, a. Same as HILDE- tree or large shrub (fftbiHt-ifx xplfntlfnx) with very large, 

II II IIT-lilllll. 11111 LCI-1UUV, I*. L^T.J trt*llU 1J1U|$ UIM;!^ Ul VI BUeCleB 18 UehCI 1UCU. V .^ ill i 1 . 

behind a definite portion of the seacoast or the shore of aho'ly.a. [Additional phrases etc.] holy basil, a plant. and other constituents in microscopic grains: Uenv 
river; back country; also, backwoods: used of Africa. Same as TOOLSY* h. -crows toad, same as CATHOLIC from the contact metamorphism of slate. Sometim 

hlpe, hoip. [HIPED; HI'PINO.] I. vt. Wrestling. To FBOo. h. loaf, same as HOLT BREAD. ho'ly-wood", incorrectly called hornstone. [< HORN + G.fels, rock.] 
throw by lifting from the ground and placing the knee A West-Indian tree (Guaiacum sanctum) nearly allied ho"ro-pi'to, h5'ro-pi'to, n. [Maori] The New Zealand 
hptwwn the tbi^hs nf in flntncrnnist^ 1 n A throw to the common llgnum-vltae. pepper-tree (Drimys axillaritt) of the magnolia family 

wronfolisned bf SStaB ^Cn mpi i 31 liroet bo-max'i-al, ho-inax'1-al, a. Hartng equal axes; homaxo- (tfagnoliacex). 

u uy nipuig. L^P.HIF, v., d.j iiypt';. n | al hor-ren'cent, her-res'jnt, a. [Rare.] Exhibiting or ei- 

hip'parcb. hip urK, n. Anc. (Jr. am A cavalry com- ho"me-o-chro'nous, a. Biol. Same as noMociiRoxors. pressing horror; shuddering. [< L. liorrenco, terrify.] 
mander [<&r. Aippps, horse, +arcMn. ruler] ho"mc-o-kl-lie'sls, ho'me-o-ki-nt'sis, n. Biol. Kar- horse, n. [Additional compounds, etc.] horse'. 

tnte'ei^W l ] Pertaining to horses or yokine8i9 in which the germ-plasm is equally distributed, cress", n. [Local, Eng.] The European brookllme.- 

hip'ple, hip '"1 [Dial., Eng.] A small pile or heap, a. of f < Gr. tomato*, like, + kinM*, movement.! li.eye Jack a carangold II sb ( Caranx ') of both 

sand, grain, or grass. hom'l-chlln, hom'l-chn, n. Mineral. A variety of SSP'??. 'fj }^' . ln '""* f'-.Rr -'".W h,'d L^o of the ted 

l.i|."i.o-in, I'a-niii. hip-o-mel'Q-nin, . Melanin de- chalcopyrite that is partly altered to bornite. [< Gr. |S frequently pfaced on the heads o? horses to kelp 
rived from the horse; the dark pigment yielded by mel- homichle, gloom.] away flies. h.saowan, n. [Scot.] The oxeye daisy, the 

anosis in the horse. [< Gr. hippos, horse, + MELANIN.] honi'I-nal, hein'i-nal, a. Nat. Hist. Of or relating to wild or German camomile, or one of various other compos- 

hip-pu'rid, hip-pifi'rid or hip'iu-rid, n. Sot. Any man. [< L. homo, man.] lies.- h.*poppy, n A European iherii i.svwii Hippmna"'- 

..!, n:,,,,_i,/. , rf;. homo-, combininn form. TAdditional terniB.l Ho- thrum} of the _ iiarsley_ family (Lmbellifrrie). Called t 

niiiL.ii vuv- , ujiijn, , ui.ui organs take the same position; any J ----- ---- ----- > --- _.-- , --------- n, ----- a , -- 

lur'plc, n. [Scot.] A halting or limping gait or motion; one of several words that can not be discriminated by a deaf quiring a horse: usually in such phrases as horseless car- 


hobble. person in speech-reading, as biin,pan,mnn.ho-mop\i'e- riage (an automobile), or the like. 

Illii'lop-lte, his'lep-ait, n. Mineral. A grass-green noils, a.-ho"mo-8ex'u-al, a. Being abnormally at- hor8e'rnd"ish.tree", Ji. [Additi 
variety of calcite in which the color is due to admixed tracted by members of the same sex; of or pertaining to An Australian ttinber.tree ( Codon 

, . [Additional sense.l [Austral. 

An Australian ttinber.tree ( Codonocurpim cotintfollusl o 

glanconite. such attraction. ho"mo-nfx"u-al'i-ty, . ho"mo- the pokeweed family (Phi/lolaccacese): so called from the 

hiH-pid'u-late, a Same as nisPlotrLous styl'ic, ho^ino-Hty'loiiH, a. Hot. Same as 11031000- taste of the leaves. It occurs sparingly in the desert region 

hlBfo-, combining form. [Additional terms.] hi"to- NOIS.- ho"mo.thrr'a-py, n. Jferl. Same as HOMEOPA- of central Australia, where It Is known also as poplar, 
pn-lliol'o-uy, n Pathol The branch of pathology THY.-ho"nio-ton'ic, .-bame as HOMOTONOCS. radixh*tree, and, from the reputed medicinal virtue of 

which treats of tissues. his"to-phy"i-ol / o-sry n The ho"inoe-o / slf*, hn'mf-n'sis, /;. Biol. The assumjition its bark, qiiiiiiustree and iiiedieinearee. 
branch of physiology which treats of the functions of tissues, by some of the serial parts of an organism of the form Horse'town beds. Geol. See SHASTA SERIES*. 
hls"trl-on'tc, o. [Additional sense.] Pathol. Symn- typically belonging to others in the series. [< Gr. homoi- horB 'tc, hers 'te, n. Geol. An isolated mountain, retain- 
tomatically indicated by facial representation; pertain- bins, assimilation.] ho"moe-ot'ic, a. Of or pertain- i",g. to Original height, while the rocks around it, of 
ing to or operaiing upon the muscles of the face, his"- ing to homceosis; as, homirolic variation, the modiflca- wluch it was a continuous part, have broken away and 
trl-on'tc-alt. tlon of a serial part of an organism so that It resembles an- sunk to a lower level. [< (,. /tortt, mass.] 

hitch', n. [HITCII'ES, pi.] [Additional sense.] Yacht- othl ' r P? rt : e - S- tlll! change of an antenna Into a foot or of hose, n. [Addiliomil sense.] Golf. The part of an iron- 
Inn A short tack in sailinp- a petal Into a stamen. headed club into winch the shaft 18 fitted. 

A, they n e tik they take hitch,, as they are called Ho"mo3-ou', hO'int-O'st-an, a. & n. Same as HOMOI- ho8c / net , hoz'net. ... [Chiefly Scot.] A small stocking, 
when short ti?l the S is vXhij If howiver two oj,no n i. ^<i, aIAN - shaped net, usually fastened to a pole; figuratively, a sltua- 

ieclZ together! Tort Mtata!L oLn7akS ^"5,^ o"'t' ho"mo-zyg'ptc, hO-mo-zlg'ot Or -ZQl'gOt, . SM. A tlon from which It 1. , difficult to escape, 
each straggling to get the other into a position of disadvantage, zygote formed by the conjugation of two gametes of the Hox'ta, hes'to, n. Hot. Same as FUSKIA. 

w. J. HENDERSON A'em York Times July 7, 1901, col. 1. same stock. [< HOMO- + ZYOOTE.J host'iplant", n. Agr. Any plant that serves to shade 

hitch", n. [Additional sense.] A fish. Same as cm", hon'cy.n. [Additional compounds.] hon'ey=bloom", or protect another. 

hive'<vine", n. Same as PARTRIDOBBERRY, 1. n. The common dogbane. h.<eiicalypl, . The vellow Hot'not, het'net, . [S.-Afr. D ] A Hottentot 

Ii j. Ini'il, . hyelm'ait, n. Mineral. A metallic black oSiJhW { K "^'. l '"'J.'" < ""'""""Tl'LVf, Vlc .' t " rla and , Ne hou^h'er, hek'gr, n. One who hocks or hamstrings; 
yttrium-iron-manganese-calcium stanno-tantalate that everKreen shrub' LmnJieri'id' fm-nm"" of 'tlie'nrotead fan' speciflcally [H-], one of a band of Irish malcontents who 
crystallizes in the orthorhombic system. [ < P. J. Hjelm, ny (Prnteacea-, of southeastern Australia, taking Its name m <,"'' f f rl ? P<> rt of the 18th century wreaked vengeance 
Swedish chemist.] from the large quantity of honey-llkc liquid contained In on landlords by hamstringing their cattle. In 1T61 they 

hoar with'y. The white beam (Pyrua Aria). Its flowers. It is sometimes cultivated in greenhouses. became merged in the Whiteboys. [ < AS. A5A, heel.] 

n=out; ell; ia = fad, gQ = future; c = k; church; Alt - the: go, sing, ii.ilt: mo; thin; ah - Mure; P. boA, dttne. <,/rom; t, ootolete; }, variant. 
t3f~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference Is to the main vocabulary. 


houeh'lte, hef'ait, n. Mineral. An alteration prod- 
act that is closely allied to hydrotalcite. [ < Franklin B. 
Hough, of Soraerville, N. \V 



variety of chrysolite. hy'al-o-some, n. Biol. One of h y-ijro'ma. hai-grO'ma, n. [-GBO'MA-TA, /V.J Pathol. 
the n uel folar. Tike bodies of a cell-nucleus that stains but \ small eaccular cavity containing serum' a vesicular 
slightly with nuclear or plasma stains. _ . . ._ growth or watery cyst, [ < Gr. hygros, wet.] 

Hyd-iio'ra, hid-nO'ra, n. Sot. A genus of parasitic tatlos, beauty.] 


hov'eP, vt.&vi. To follow the avocation of a hoveler. w 

hov'er'fly", hov'gr-rtai", n. A Ky that hovere over Hydnora Africana. See JACKAL-KOST. [< Gr. kydtied, 

nectarous flowers, especially a bombiliid, or a drone-fly, nourish.] 
ho'vlte, ho'vait, n. Mi, ' * ** -* *> i- - 

m inin ii -ruk-iu m carbonai 



plants of the order Cytinacese, of which the beet known is Hy "me-no-phyl'l urn, hai'mg-no-fll'um, . 

A large genus of mostly tropical ferns closely allied to 

Trichomanes, both genera being called fllmy fern*. 

"ineral. A soft white earthy alu- hydr-, combining form. [Additional terms.] hy*- They are the smallest and most mossllke of the fern 
ite that is found native. [<Hoce> dra-gil'lite, n. Mineral. 1. Same as GIBBSITE. 2. family, and are found on rocks and trees In damp and 

Sameas WAVELLITE. hy // dra-z> / ic t a. Noting an acid w J*5^5^_'S5 1 9?."*i.%**^ wl ; ] 

hoy 2 , n Cookery. A rich boiled pudding, made with stale (NgH) that resembles hydrochloric acid* forming explosive Hy'^me-no-soui/I-dfe, hai'mg-no-sem'i-df or -de. . 
bread grated, suet, marrow, cream, eggs, spices, almonds, salts. [M.1 hy'dra-zone, n. Chem. A product of the pi. A family of grapsoidean crabs with a flat triangular 

erally In the plural. 
liuas'co-lfte, hwas'co-lait, n. Mineral. Ay 

galena in which part of the lead is replaced by zinc. 
hu-brie'tiCf hlu-brls'tlc, a. [Rare.] Insolent or Impudent; 

contemptuous. [< Gr. hybrixto*, Insolent.] 
hux/ffiiii hug'In, n. [Prov. Eng. J The hip-bone, especially 

of a cow or a horse. 
Hngh'li-ffan, hlfl'H-gan, n. [Pollt. Slang, Eng.] One of 

the extreme High-Church section of the Conservative 

party, headed by Lord Hugh Cecil, son of Lord Salisbury: 

imitated from Hooligan, 
hui-sa'che* hwi-sQ chu, n. [Sp. Am.] The sponge-tree 

{Acacia Farnexutna). 
bulk 8 * v. It. t. To commit to the hulks ; Imprison. II. (. 

1. To become a hulk, or unwieldy and or bulky form: 

generally with up. ifc. [Prov.l To go about clumsily. 
hul'lockt* n. Naut. A small sail or the part of a sail 

spread to keep a ship's head to the sea. 
hu-mid'or, hm-mid Sr, n. [Recent.] A box. case, or room 

as fur the storage of cigars and tobacco, in which a uniform 

percentage of moisture is maintained. [< HUMID + -OR.] 
A humidor as large as a small cottage occupies moat of the 

ground floor. The Sun [New York] March 4, 1903, p. 6, col. 3. 

. hydro-, combining form. [Additional terms, ete.]-hy"- ^ P'ge- [< Gr. Aw, pig, + GLYCO- + Or. cholos, bile.] 
,-ariety of dro-ap'a-tite, n. Mineral. A milk-white hydrous hyp"a-b> s'sal, hip'a-Wal, a. Geol. Having becoi 
inc. variety of apatite. hy"dro-bo'ra-cite* n. Mineral: A consolidated from fusion, underground, under con 

fibrous hydrated calcium and magnesium borate (CaMgBe 
On-tiHjO), that crystallizes In the monocllnic system. 
hy'^dro-cas'tor-ite* n. Mineral. A decomposition 
product of petalite from Elba. Called also idrocaMtor- 

'ic, a. 

graphic collodion. hy"dro-oin-nan 
ng an acid (C fl 
to cinnamic 


tions intermediate between deep-seated and superficial 
conditions, and therefore differentiated by special struc- 
tural features: said of certain igneous rocks, sometimes 
called dike:rocka. f < HYP- + ABYSSAL.] 
li \ -|>:i I'ni-a. hai-pal'ji-a, n, Pathol. A state of com- 
parative immunity from pain; a partial freedom from a 
'Chem. reduced sense of physical suffering. [< HYP- 4- Gr. 

. . . . 

Noting an acid (C fl Hi Oo), obtained chiefly by adding hydro- algos, pain.] hyp"al-e:e'si-aj. liyp-al'glc, a. 
cid. Hy'dro-cleis, n. Sot. A hype* vt. & n. Same as HIPE*. 

small genus of tropical American aquatic plants of the hyper-, combining form. [Additional terms.] hy"per- 
fTlng-rush family (Butomacese), with tuberous root- an-ab'o-lisrn. n. Pathol. Abnormal Increase or devel- 

stocks, long-stalked, radical, lance-shaped, or ovate leaves, 
and large yellow flowers, in umbels on a short scape. In 
cultivation they are known as waterspoppies. hy"- 

opment of an organ or part resulting In hypertrophy. hy w - 
per-aiix-e'His, n. Pathol. Excessive enlargement of an 

lin iit'lic. bum'll, n. [Scot] A polled cow; also, a person uiti 
with a shaved head or one whose hair has been cut. 

tin iii'nii ni: bird", n. [Additional phrases.] lium- 
minffibircTB trumpet, a half-hardy ornamental shrub 
{Zauxchneria Catifornica}, with crowded, linear- lanceolate, 
sessile leaves and large, erect, bright-crimson flowers in 
loose, terminal spikes. Called also California fuchsia. 
See ZAUSCHNERIA. stanthroated h u inniinu-hi nl. 
the calliope. See CALLIOPE. 3. vervain h., a Jamaican 
humming-bird {Mellisttga minima'}, one of the smallest of 
the family. white*eared h.. a humming-bird with a 
streak of white about the region of the ear, especially Basi- 
linna leucotin. 

hum'ming:fttick", n. Same as TUNDUN. 

hump, n. {Additional sense.] [Slang, Austral.] A tramp 
wltn a load on the back. See HUMP. tt. 

, base, derived from culture-products of some bacteria, a bodily vessel by bleeding hy"p< 
existing in microscopic crystals. hy"dro-co-tar'- Pathol. A morbid secretion of bile. hy"i 
(e, n. An alkaloid (Cj-H^NOa), derived from opium, Med. A too frequently recurring state of 

nin(e, n. An alkaloid (CuHuNOi)^ derived from opium, Med. A too frequently recurring state of pregnancy; sui 
and used as an oxvtoxic. hy"dro-doroin-ite, n. Min- gestation. hy^per-cyr-to'sFH, n. Pathol. Morbid 

r-rho'l i-ii . n. 
per-cy-e'sis, n. 


. ee HM. t. 
[Additional comp 

h n nip' h;i < K ", n. [Ad 
liiiinp'luii'k" L''-II in ". 

of the West Indies and neighboring waters. Called also boar 
grunt* ronco amarillo and yellow srunt. h. 
^ h i t eflsh. n. An Alaska whtteflsh ( f 'Oregon us nelsonii). 

eral. A yellowish-white hydrated calcium-magnesium 
carbonate from Vesuvius, probably a mixture of hydro- 
magnestte and calcite. hy'dro-gel, n. Biol. A gel In 
which the interstices among the gelatinous particles are 
filled with water. hy"dro-fflo'Der-tite, n. Mineral. 
A white hydrated magnesium carbonate and hydrate (Mpj 
(OH)oCO8.2H 2 O), that Is found In spherical forms. hy''- 
ilro-lii'm'ii-tin'. n. Mineral. SameasTpEoiTE. hy"- 
dro-men-in'o-<*ele, ;i. Pathol. A watery menlngeal 
hernia of the brain. by"dro-par"a-cou-miir / ic, a. 
Noting an acid found In feces resulting from putrefaction 
of protelds. hydroparacoumaric acid (CgH^OHjCs 
H4CO.OH), a derivative of tyrosln found In feces, a result 
of the putrefaction of protefds; para-oxyphenyl proplonic 
acid. hy'dro-phite, n. Mineral. A subvltreous green 

. , . . ... 

'Unds, etc.] magnesium hydrate and silicate with ferrous oxfd that Is hy- mP ' C ' a1t0rPen 

enlarged curvature. hy"per-do'ri-an, a. See GREEK 
MODES, under MODE. hy''per-dy-nam'i-a, n. Pathol. 
Excessive muscular energy; o vert' xci lability with Its accom- 
paniment of Increased physical strength. hy"per-dy- 
iiiim'.r. a. hy"per-in-vo-ln'tlon, n. Med. An ex- 
cessively speedy return (of an organ) to Its normal size after 
dlstentlon, as the uterus. hy"per-lyd'i-an, a. See 
GREEK MODES, under MODE. hy // per-phryff'i-an* a. 
See GREEK MODES, under MODE. hy'per-space", n. 
Gfom. A (supposed) space of more than three dimensions. 
hy // per'te-ly, n. Extreme mlmetlsm, especially of 
coloration, as when a mantld Insect simulates the leaf of a 
tree which it selects. hy"per-thyin'i-a, n. Pathol. 
Exaggerated sensibility; super sensitiveness. hy"per-u- 
ri-cir'ni i-n , n. Pathol. Excess of alloxan in the blood. 


A wide 

lens of 

\\ h i I f ii n , n, 

hu-na'kai. hu-nfl'kal, n. [Hawaii.] The sanderllng. 
liun'dred, a. [Additional phrases.] hundred days, 
the period from March 20 to June 2ft, 1815, that ela 


between Napoleon's arrival at the Tuileries after his escape 
from Elba and the second restoration of Louis XVIII. The 
period included the battle of Waterloo, on June 15, and the 
expression Is due to an address of the Count de Chain- 
bord to King Louis, In which he said : " A hundred days, 
sire, have elapsed since the fatal moment when your 
Majesty was forced to quit your capital In the midst of 

into the impairment of the crown revenues, and for this ' 

as Standard. Compare LOAD*. 
Hu ii-na'ri-an, a. [Additional phrases.] Hungarian 
b ronidurrii s. a European 
cently Introduced and tested 

western United States as excellent for bay or past 
Known also as xmooth broniesffrasg. 

hy'dro-nol, n. A colloidal substance received by a 
nolutlon of eelatin In hot water. NoU.-hy'dro-stnine, 
n. Zool. The mouth of hydrold. IW.J- hr>'d" 
1. Phi/riol. The property of moving under 

"es-the'sl-a, I hip'es-tht'si-a, n. Pathol. Di- 
"ses-the'si-a, f mmished capacity for sensation; 
dulled sensitiveness. [< HYP- + BSTHESIA.] 

' less crystalline 
treating ant: 

ses'or hydraulic Tengtaeeri'ng.- hy>'dro- nyppotic"and~aia"n anaTglSc~CaFled also monochloral 
teph'ro-ite, n. Mineral. A pale-red hydrated manganese antlpyrin. [< Gr. hypnos, sleep.) 

silicate that Is closely related to tephrolte, from which It nyp"iies-[or -n;r*- t li< '*ls. hip'nes-thf'sis, n. Pa- 
has probably been altered. tnot. A strong desire for sleep: drowsiness. [< Gr. 

.M W ^ .... ..,^ U . .., v,.v,- .^. t a, uto , - u ,, ,M. O T-aro'a, hoi-drO'a, n. Pathol. Any form of vesicular hypnos, sleep, + aisthtsis, desire.] 

purpose to make elaborate Investigation Into the trade and eruption, such as eczema, shingles, or sudamma. [< liyp'nlc, hip'nic. I. a. Med. Calculated to induce 
general financial condition of the country. Gr. hydor, water.] sleep; pertaining to sleep. II. w. A sleeping-draft. [< 

hun'dred, n. [Additional sense.] In the lumber hy'drotd, n. [Additional sense.] A single polyp, or Gr. hypnos^ sleep.] 

trade, a measure of 165 cubic or 1,980 superficial feet: zooid of a hydropolyp. h> p'no-ily. hip'no-di, n. [-DIES, pi.] An excessively 

used for boards, planks, deals, and scantlings. Called Iiy'dro-grapli, hai'dro-grgf, n. Geol. & Engin. A long resting stage in the life of an insect, as the larva of 
in fuller phrase 8t. Petersburg [or Petersburg] Stand- chart or diagram indicating or recording graphically anv the seventeen-year locust. [< Gr. hypnodia, sleepiness.] 
ard Hundred, abbreviated P. S. H.; also known simply of the phenomena of hydrography as the periodic vol- hy'po* hai'po, n. Phot. An abbreviation for hyposulphite 

umes or water discharged by a river. of soda, properly called thiosulfate of sodium. 

, The relation between the quantity in flood and in low water is hypo-, Combining form. [Additional terms.] hy"pO- 

grass {Bromwt inermif*) re- shown graphically upon the discharge diagrams or hydrogranhs bu/li-a, n. Pathol. Impairment of the will-power. hy"- 
In semi-arid portions of the of the various rive. F. H. NKWELL Tvxlfth Annual Rep. U. S. po-chlor-hyd'ri-a, n. P<ahol. An fnsuff ' 
xcellent for bay or pasture. Gf l - Survey pt. 2, '90-'9i, p. 227. [oov. PTG. OFF.] drochlorlc acid In the gastric Juice, retardln 

.MM- _i ;,-... Ii> / lro-pli<ii4', hai'dro-fOn, n. 1. An electrical in- 

huii'ger=flow"'er, n. A species of whitlow-grass strument to give notice to a fleet or port of a surprise at- 
{Draba incana) that thrives in sterile soil. " 

tack, as by torpedo-boats. 2. A device used for the pur- ^^^Sy^p^^^OTKS.ffl'kaSniffii 

liinil'll-U*'. hont'il-ait, n. Mineral. A black silver pose of detecting leaks in water-pipes. 3. A device to 

arsenid (Ag.As), that is found massive. [< Dr. T. aid in stethoscopic examination by placing a bag of water 

Sterry Hunt.} over the chest to intensify the sound. [< HYDRO- -J- Gr. 

hurl'foofedt* a. Club-footed. phdnt, sound.] 

huMh'ion, hush'un, n. [Scot.] Same as HOGGER. by'dro-pot, hal'dro-pet, n. A water-drinker. t< HYDRO- 

h u'si, hfl'st, n. [Philippines.] A coarse cloth composed of + L. poto, drink.] 

mixed abaca and pifta fibers. hy"dro-teeh'ny, hai'dro-tec'ni, n. The arts, collect- 
huHkN n. [Additional sense.] A cattle- disease; boose. -' >~ - -i_-*_ r . 

Called also papermkln. 

H ii-k'y . n. [Additional sense.] The Eskimo language. 
hus'pilt hDS'pIl, vt. [Prov. Eng.] To harass or treat with 

violence, hu-'prl . 
liul'loii-lii^, hot'n-ing, n. A system of treating 

dislocated joints or the like practises by Button, an 

English surgeon. It consisted of forcible manipulation. j _ vm 

hnz'zardt, n. A fly with yellow body and Wings, used aa lacking in euphony. MASON 'A^riginal^Ameriean'M^chanics^ 

bait by anglers. 82. [SCHULTE PCS. co.] 

Ity'a-cinth, n. [Additional phrases.] California hy'dru-la, hai'dru la, n. A supposititious primitive 
hyacinth, any species of the genus Brodiaea. See BEO- hydroid. [< Gr. hydor^ water.] 
DI.KA*. native h., aTasmanlan terrestrial orchid ( Thely- ' "~ 
mitre ' '--" '- *- 

ively, of utilizing water. [< HYDRO- -\- Gr. techn?^ art.] 
Iiy"dro-tech-iiol'o-gy, n. The study of hy- 
drotechny; the science of utilizing water, as in arts and 
manufactures, etc. 

If we were permitted to coin a word, we should call all the 
arta combined tnat relate to the getting, preserving, and utilizing 

imciency of hy- 

. , ng digestion. 

hy"po-do'ri-an, a. See GREEK and GREOOBIAN MODES, 
under MODE. fay"po-p-o'1i-an, a. See GREGORIAN 
under MODE. by"po-iren / e-8iH, n. Biol. 1. 

g the 

parent life. See MONOOENESIS. Opposed to metagenesis. 
"2. Insufficient or Inadequate development. hy"po-sre- 
nri 'jr . a. hy^po-i-o'iii-an, ". See GREGORIAN MODES, 
under MODE. hy^po-ki-ne'Hi-a, h\ "po-Ui-n ('-.*. 
n. Pathol. A want or Insufficiency of muscular action or 
responsivemuscular power, hy^'po-ci-ne'sisj. hy"po- 
ki-net'ic. a. hy"po-lor'ri-an, . See GREGORIAN- 
MODES, under MODE. hy^'po-lyd't-nii, a. See GREEK 
and GREGORIAN MODES, under MODE. hy"po-mix"o- 
lyd'i-nn. a. See GREGORIAN MODES, under MODE. 
hy^po-pbon'ic, a. Mits. Same as HYPOPHONOUS. 
hy"po-phrya: / i-an, a. See GREEK and GREGORIAN 
MODES, untfer MODE. hy"po-pla / Hi-n, n. Pathol. 
Backward growth or excessively slow or Incomplete devel- 
opment of an organ or part. hy"po-plast'o-type, . 
Mineral. A plastotype that retains Information obtained 
subsequent to Its production. hy"po-ther'mal. a. 1. 
Moderately warm; lukewarm. *Z Calculated to lower tem- 
perature. hy^po-ther'mi-n, n. Pathol. Temperature 
of the body lower than the normal. hy'po-type, n. Nat- 
ural Science. Any described or figure specimen that is used 

o-pil-it'ic, a. Petrol. Consisting of mlcrolltes in a glassy 
base. hy^al-o-sid'er-itc, n. Mineral. A ferruginous 

dibasic acid (C 8 H.N 7 O 8 ), derived from alloxan by action earth; as, the hvpogeic work of mountain-making. See 
of heat. [< Gr. hydor, water, -f- ouron* urine.] HYPOGEAL. [< HYPO- -j- Gr. ge, earth.] 

ofa, firm, gsk; at, fare, accord; el$m$nt, f r = over, eight, | = usage; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, no; net, nor, atem; fall, rule; bnt, born; aisle; 
BP~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

hypothecation certificate 214S immedlatism 

othe-ca'tlon cer-tiPI-cate. Com. A certificate thy-o-ba-tra'chi-an, a. Znol. That combines the ing made to an idol ; speciflcallv, the flesh of an aninml 

TnJS-iI bv Ni" sem"r with the buyer of a bill of exchange characteristics of fishes and batrachlans.- ich'lhy-o- TO sacrificed. [ < Gr. adohm. idol, + thyd, sacrifice.] 

rawn untat > "l inment ol pr perty; it describes the nV doiil", n. A petrified tooth of a fish:- icli"thy-o-tau'- |.dro'sis, i-dro'sis, n. [-SES, pi.] Ao(. Same as EPHIDRO- 

,*ofthV8hii)iiHiit and states that the bill of lading, In- na. n. Fishes ! collectively, as of a country or region; flsh 8IS . 

Srance policy etc areX?d and pledged with the notder fauna.- icl."lliy-o(f'ra-plier, n. One who describes or id , ryl> idTll, n. Chem. Same as FLUOKANTHENE, under 

"--'i-n ;. Bot. A . 

BUrant'i' policy (i<., lire lutunni nu UUM " ' 5* \r v y m .7 V m_i ^ & J ! 

of tie bill of exchange as security tor the payment of the writes about fishes.- Icli'^'i-n, n. Bot A y L;Jo . 

bill (or for the acceptance of Ehe bill) by the drawee, genus of plant* whose only spec 1- ' ....,/,. I. fctantteH .,.._, , 

SMITH'S /VmiMcioi Dictionary. with Pi-d Erijthrina, the .. 

hyp-Noph'yl-lar, u. Same as HYPSOPHYLLABY. wood. See DOGWOOD-TBEE, 

11} P ""!* J" "" ,.i... , _ l _I H tivaann Jln'jl_ttlv. n The Hil.HHItVt 

roecles, 7. piscipulu. Is Identical j/dyl-ei-, ? ol'dil-er, n. [Rare.] One who writes Idyls; an 
iUVxH ; a 'maiiiiHai mhionarv with i-iscuiui Krutnrma, the Jamaica dogwood or fish- i/dyl-ler, < Idyllst. 

Ha -^" f . ..~H e n ,^ nll ."^^.T.i,>, l 2, and FisnwooD.-ich"thy- i.dyl'ism. "I-dll'Izm, . [Bare.] The state of being an 

Ing of fishes. ieh^lhy-opli'- idyl; the nature of an Idyl. 

hy"~H p, n [Additional phrases.] - anise hyssop, on'o-my, n The classify! 
a species of giant hyssop {Loahanltiux animtwi or Agu*- a-arite. w. One who fu 
fcicAf aatthioilora) of the northwestern L nltcd states, with 
anlse-scented leaves. Called also fragrant giant hys- 
SOD bastard h., a small germander < Jtumuiii Pseu- 
toSunmitHOrlwium of southern Europe: cultivated In 

* - .i-.~ i n. me selling 01 IIBU. icn-i n> -ii-ti-iii*, '* * m,..~. 

of flsh; a flsh.dcaler icli"thy-o-tox'i-ciim, n. Flsh. preceded by formative -t-.] 

---nm'Ite,ig'el-strou. "...,/. .in./";/, xi ..,_.,,- 
ety of pyradurite that is found in thin seams 

, ... .,. -, trees of the myrrh igl'na'/tia'n-iiit, Ig-ne'shan-lst, n. Ch. Hint. An adherent 

al mineral, family (Bimeracese) growing in South America, including ,,f ignat ius Loyola, the founder of the Jesuit Order, 
wood of Guiana (/. heptaphytta). [Native i a "na-tlcv'He, ig'na-ttv'ait, n. Mineral. An in 

Tiydrous aluminum and potassium sulfate that is 1 
erived from massive and is closely related to alunite. 

iK'ui-forin, ig'ni-fSrm, a. [Rare.] Resembling fire, 
terms.] I- Ig'nl-fy, ig'ni-fai, vt. [-riKD; -FY'INQ.] To kindle; 
UIIIF-, i V-WH "-in i^, it. iuitie^-nw.ou.p. i"con-o- ignite. ] < IONI- -\- -FY.] f 

'du'lic, a i"co-noK'ra-phist, n. One versed In Ico- tg"nl-punc'ture, ig'ni-pnnc'chur or -tlflr, n. Surg. 
nography i"co-no-loK'ic-al, o. Pertaining to ieonol- Acupuncture with hot needles; combined cauterization 
ogy i''con-o-ma'ni-a, n. A mania f or Image.worship an( i puncture. [< IONI- + PUNCTURE.] 

<.-.t.i .. n'-i- ili\ his-ter-i>'a-thi n I'attuX. 1. the incense-wood of Guiana (/. heptaphylla). [Native ig"na-tlcv'Ite, ig"na-tiv'ait, n. Mineral. An impure 
*??me disorcle'r 2. HyHteria. [< Gr. hystera, name.] Tiydrous aluminum and potassium su fate that is found 

nathn* suflerine : 1 Ic'i-can, is'i-can, n. A crystalline resin derived from massive and is closely related to alunite. 

hy^Vt/P-to'sIsT his ? tsr-ep-tO'sis, n. Pathot. In- the sap of the idea. PP 1 ??""^^' r ' ^'^ Kt>8elnbllng flre ' 

version of the uterus! [F. W. Wirt.] [< (Jr. A^fra. I.-.,,,-, i ,,W,,;,, f / ft*m. L-Vdditi jl. termH.] . - 1- l K 'l.i-l} , w m4ai ( C [ 

; C omb, +Pt! >*i,, a fa,,in L g .] Icono- [con ?;,- ph ^t W ot'vr '^- - 1?Dlie - 

-lal, suffix. Used as an adjectival termina 

nouns to denote condition; as, adver* 1 " 

minister^. [= -AL', preceded by eu 
i-am'bist, ai-am'bist, n. [Rare.] One - 


i l a| I | t 'thuife oJ^T'twii a Violet-colored. [< Gr.fcm.vlo- lens, and the distance of object from image. [< ur. - n "ote condition; as docHe, protrusiie. IX u -His, forniing 
T? I ,!,'</ flower 1 eikon. image, + -METKB.! 1-con-o-mct'rlo, I-con- adjectives or nouns, being -*, preceded by formative -(.J 

l-a'o i-fl'o n.' [Native.] A Samoan bird. See MANUAO*. o-met'rlc-al, a. Of, pertaining to, or ascertained by Il"e-o-col-oB'to-my, il"g-o-col-es'to-mi, n. Surg. The 
" Aft, suffix. Used in pathology to denote a diseased or iconometry. 1-con-o-met'ric-al-ly, adv. By operation of forming an artificial opening between the 
orbid state [< L. -iasis, < Gr. -lasts, being euphonic means of iconometry or iconometrical measurement. ilenm and colon. [< Gr. eileos, twist, + COLON" + Gr. 

i"co-nom'e-tr y , ai'co-nem'g-tri, n. Sun. The act or (emnS, cut.] 

-I- + -aste, < -ad, verbal ending. 

that formed Dy a good photographic lens, and is perfectly 

tries, Spain and Portugal. I'ber-ismt. ...*.. . . -,, - r ---r . - - L -^ ^.. .. T ^ . .- , - lllrf - 

J-be'ric, ol-bi'rlc, o. Same as IBEBIAN, a. rectilinear. [< ICONO- + SCOPE.] ll\, adv. [Additional compounds, etc.] lll'come", a. 

Ix-'rlte, ai-b!'rait, n. Mineral. A modified lolite |"co-sl-tet"ra-he'drold, arco-si-tefra-hi'dreid, n. Tj nwe i co me.-ill'=cii8"tomed, a. 1. That has little cua- 

found at Toledo, Spain. [< Iberia; see IBEBIAN.] An imagined four-dimensional figure analogous to the tom . not well patronized, a. Sot according to custom; 

1'bi-diiKC oi'bi-dain or ib'i-din, a. Zool. Oforrelated icositetrahedron. [< ICOSITETKAHEDRON + -OID.] not based on conventional ideas. ill-given, a. l&cot.] 

to the "is or the IM, subfamily.' Ic'ter-ode, ic'ter-od a. Jaundice-like; icteroid. (< Gr. Following ^' "r 8 e; ^^^^^S^ 

i'ca-cin, ai'ca-Bln, n. Same as ICICAN*. ikteros, jaundice, + eidos, form.] ,v; ;,! rKns-ill-iudBiiiE V. Judging ad^ 

1-ca-cl'lia, ai-ca-si'na, n. Sot. A genus of West-Afn- I c " t i-o-phor'i-de. etc. Same as HISTIOPHOBID*, etc viVselv 4 Judging Im"rreetly or ' indiscreetly.- 111 = 

can shrubs, type of the Icacinaceie, with ascending or 1-dal'i-a, ai-dal'i-a, n. An American nympnalid butter- -i^ced, a'l. Poorly placed; in an undesirable position, 

twining branches, alternate simple leaves, clustered flow- fly (Argynnis idalia). [< Mt. Idalia, Cyprus.] K put into the wrong place; untimely. ilhseasoned, 

era and scarlet fruit. Of the three or four known spe- id e , aid, n. A cyprinoid fish (Luciscus idus) found in a j_ j; ot well-seasoned; unpalatable. !i. Not suited tothe 

cies / Mannit Is cultivated In hothouses. [< Sp. ica'co, the waters of northern Europe and introduced into the season; inopportune. ill. sorted, a. 1. Not well sorted; 

- without harmony or order; unsuitably matched. 2. [Scot.] 

are.] Pertaining to an lllapse, 

. [Rare.] That IB not 

It consists or tropical aicotyieaonous evergreeuirees ui |. den / t | c . a i j [Additional sense.] in aipiomacy, ".rtVen to praising. [< it-2+ I.AUDATOBY.] 
shrubs the calyx of which does not enlarge with the fruit. f rame d i n precisely similar terms, as official notes from |i/i e .| snl ji'e-izm, n. A writer's over-liberal or abun- 

It Includes a large part of the olacad family (Oladnex). - - 

i"cac-i- na'ceoi 

different governments, for the purpose of exercising joint ,j ant U8e O f t he pronoun he, in reference to himself, as 

influence: in this sense usually identic. used, for example, by St. John in the closing chapters of 

l-den'tlst, ai-den'tist, n. \.3Ied. A believer in the hiB Gospel. [< L. tile, he.] 

- * L - - _J- .- -. .-_.. m-i 

ty.n. [Austral.] A well-known old resident; old-stager; 

s ee table of stocks and tribes under AMERICAN. 

Ice, especially when It remains throughout the year. ice 

woolly weed of the flgwort family; mullein: a local name. 

ship's prow to enable It to force a passage Lumuup,.* .*.-. v*.. t ,,, ^. j - M. -- mau^nam nu..u uu u v . uu u . .. ^ *-*~, 

ice.rock, n 1. A rock-llke block of Ice; an Iceberg. l"de-oph'o-nons, a. usually a term of hostile criticism. il-lu'sion-ist, n. 

2. A rock covered with lee. icessafe, M. An Ice-box |j/i c j<j<j c a BM. Relating or belonging to an id or [Additional sense.] A believer in illuslonism. 
or refrigerator for meat or the like., n. Me- "V '. f rn m ' nal . e , D 3 il"lns-tra'tion-al, irus-tre shun-ol, . [I 

tnC Oralll 1UWU! UHeu 111 LIU. JPIlmsl. 111111/1/111-1111 jnoiniiL.t. [uui uuawBi L ^ " vyi Jfc"*"'"t i* 1 "" ^J^' J 

td'I-ant. id"i-o-plns-inat'ic, a. Pertaining to idioplasm. id"i- im"a-Bf'ri-nl, Im'a-JI'rl-al, a. [Kare.] Pertaining t 

ich-neu'tic, ic-nln'tlc, a. [Bare.] Of, relating to, or con- o-psy-chol'o-Ky, n. The study of the human mind character of imagery; employing figures and symbols. 

cerning one who tracks or hunts. [< Or. ichneuo, hunt.] from one's own consciousness; subjective psychology. i m .ag'i-nal disks. Certain groups of cells arising from 

Icli'nlte, ic'nait, n. (fed. A fossil footprint. [< Gr. id'i-o-some, n. Biol. Same as PANOENE. id'i-o- an( i after histcilvsis, giving rise to new structures in prog- 

irhnm footorint 1 Ich'no-lttet. spasm, . Patliol. A Incal spasm or cramp irt^i-o- r ess to the ImaKlnal stage of Insects. 

Ich'no-man"cy, ic'no-man'si, n. Occult. Divina- spas'tie, <. <^"" m -tm-t-nMe,W-Vt. [-A'TED; -A'TING.] To 

no-man, -, . . - . 

tion of the characteristics and occupations of men or J''^"^^^^^ transform to the imagma stage, as an insect 

beasts, through their posture, position, and footprints. ,,J , on ,f ""rVdiuTonai sense.] Same as IDOLON. lm-ae"l-na'Upn, n. [Additional sense.] The act of 

[< Gr. tehnm, footprint, + mantis, prophet.] i"dof-o-c as'tic, ui'del-o-clas'tlc, a. Of or pertaining to transforming into the imaglnal stage. 

ich'o-Elaii, Ic-o-glun, n. [Turk.] A page in the employ of the breaking of Images. [< Or. eidolon, Tdol, + IclaS, im-bed', im-bed', vt. Same as EMBED. 
'the Slltan. it'elM-o-elnnt. break.] lm"ma-ture', a. ^Additional sense.] Phye. Geog. 

l"clior-rhe'a, ai'cer-rl'a, n. Pathol. A copious dis- |"'nl-a,ai"del-o-me'm-a,. Passionate \vor- Not in accordance with or thoroughly adapted to sur- 
charge of ichor. See ICHOR, 2. [< Gr. ichfr, ethereal ship of, or excessive admiration for, idols; idolatry. [< rounding or local conditions, particularly of base level ; 
juice, + rheS, flow.] Gr. eUolon, idol, + MANIA.] as, immature topography. 

l< : h'tliv-al ic'thi-al,a. Fishlike. [<Or.icMhys,&sh.'\ 1-dol'o-thyte, ai-del'o-thait. I. a. Sacrificed or offered im-me'di-a-tism. n. fAddltlonal sense.] u. S. Hist. 

\v\it\\y a-, iombining farm. [Additional terms.] -Ich". by way of sacrifice to an Idol. II. n. A sacnflcial offer- The principles of the Iromedlatlsts. _ 

au = out; ell; ia = fud, J? = future; c = k; church; db = the; go, sine, ipk; w>; *hin; >h = arore; P. bo*, dttne. <, from; t, ottolete; J, variant. 
&- Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 



injiiiK li\ 

~ . ing 1 

Ilne~hypo8ulnndigolate. [VRE Diet, of Art*. \ uativY- T. 
1. [Austral.] Any plant of the genus Su-ainxonn of ihe 

r j- bean family i tegiiminonse). . In Tasmania, a 

iiiealv'er, n. A pregnant cow. iucalv'iiiK, ft. (Imliynfrrn Australia) of the indigo of commerce. 
y in cam'e-ra. In cam'e-ru. [L.] In private; with closed in-dl-gofer-on*, in-di-gof'er-us, a. That bears or 
doors : said of legal cases that are not heard In open eourt. - 

I in 

merging or plunging" into something'; immersion, a criminal. 

liii-m. ri 'Minn in.calt', a. [Eng.] Pregnant: said of a cow: written as 

lm'mi-rra"tor, Im'l-gre'tgr, n. [Rare.] An Immigrant, two words ^hen used predlcatlvcly. 

im'mi-ifra-to"ry, a. 
im-tnor'al-iHt, Im-rner al-ist, 71. An opponent or enem 

of morality. . doors : said of legal cases that are not heard In op 

TSBSatSSSUlSr^ 01 ^ 11 * [Rare - ] T 
itii-mor'tal-Um, im-mSr'tal-izm, n. The doci 

that teaches the eternal existence of the soul. 
i in-iii o'tiv(e. Im-mO'tiv, a. Not having the powe 

tendency to move. 
Im-ii.une', a. [Additional phrases, etc.] immune 



ftro, bear.] 
si-bl, a. [Rare.] Immeasur- 

with carmine ; rich red. 

. , , , lii-dol'o-gy, in-del'o-ji, n. That branch of learning 

mune serum which is the spe- ln"car-na'lion-iHl. In-car-nS'shon-lst, n. One who be- that treats of the history, language, and literature o? 
"-wot Immunization. Called Ueves in an Incarnation. i n( j, 

xative, intermedia- tn-cat'e-nate. in-cat'c.-ne't, tit. [-NA'TED; -NA'TINO.] |,,j r 

- ' or restrain with chains; fetter. [< IN-I + "'i j n 

serum which when Injected Into the body of an animal ren- L. catena, chain ] 

dcrs that anlinal Incapable of contracting a certain disease, lii'cense, n. [Additional phrase.] < 'avenue Incense, 
Im-muue', im-mifm', , n. [Recent.] A person not sns- same as HTAWA GCM See In table under KCM> n 

ceptible to some particular disease, especially one who In-c-en'sor, in-sen'se-r, n. One who kindles, inflames. 

Has previously had the disease. Compare IMMUNE, a. or incites; an inciter; incentor In-cen'aerl 
Im-mu'iil-ty, n. [Additional sense] Pat hoi. Ex- In-cen'so-ry, in-sen'so-ri, n. A censer. 

/tor, m-sen'tgr, n. One who presents incentives; 

that treats of the history, language, and literature o 
India. l< INDIA -f -LOGY.] In"do-lo'gl-an, n. 

[ido-. Derived from indigo or indoi: a combining fora 
used in chemistry. ln"do-naph'lhene, n. Chem. J 
hypothetical hydrocarbon radical (CH) that Is an essentla 
constituent of Indol. Called also iudrne. in'done, n 
Chem. A ketone (CoH e O) Identified by Its haloid deriva- 
tives, dloxyindonaphtJiene anhydrld. in"do-phaue', n 
Chem. A blue organic compound K W H 1(I X,<V resembling 

-- r ,. ^-.]D->4"4' resenumng 

Indigo that Is formed when potassium cyanfd Is added to an 
ammonlacal solution of dlnltro-naphthol. in"do-nhi- n'- 
in. n. Chem. A blue crystalline compound (CiflHfNOSl 
that Is formed when Isatln Is agitated with sulfurlc acid 

emotion from contagion or infection or from liability to In-cen'to 

suffer from epidemic or endemic disease; the condition an inciter. 

of an immune. inch'man, Inch'man. n. [Tasmania.] The bull-dog ant- i -, r cv -^ -" - 

lm-iiiii'iilze, im-miO'naiz, vt. [-NIZED; -NI'ZING.] To from Its length, which Is almost an inch. and benzene containing thlophene 

make immune; protect, as from infection, by inoculation. Inch', measure, n. A measure subdivided into pftlle ' n do ' nl or -" " An advocate or 

Ini-niu'iil-fy;. Im-iuu"nt-za'IIon. . inches. IncU'<rule"{; lncli'=tape" supporter of the interests of India and its natives. 

Im-pair', a. [Additional sense] Without fellow, In'cho-a-cy, In'co-a-sl, n. [Rare.] The condition of being [< INDIA + Gr. n/iea, love.] I ii-d,>'|>li il-li; 

counterpart, or match; unmatched; impaired; odd. . Inchoate ^ in"cho'aie.nes{. In-do'plill-lNin, . 

lm-palr / ,n. [Additional sense ] Anvthing that fails to 'n- 01 ! n -l>.l(e, In-sal'tn-bl, a. [Rare.] That may be incited, in-draw'al, in-dr'al, n. [Rare.] Same as INDHAFT. 

nair with another and remains ouWinc'linc. in"l P nrml,! . -rin-ci"ta-bil'i.ty, n. [Rare.] in-duct'ance:coil", n. Same as CHOKING -COIL. 

liii-i<iil"i. Ml/I tv in Tinl-, >i?i,n.,i i m-civ 'ic, In-siv'lc, a. [Rare.] Devoid of civic pride or ln-duc'tlou=mo'tor, n. Eltc. A motor of the alter- 

heinff imnnlnaMo Ihestateof virtue. nating-current type, In which the current Is Induced In the 

in-cla-va'tlon, in-cla-ve'shon, n. [Rare.] The state of armature by rotation of the magnetism in the fields 
Itn-pal'pa-Dly, im-parpa-bli, adv. In an impalpable being fixed firmly in place, as a tooth. [< IN-I + L. data, in-duc'tive-ness, In-doc'tlv-neg. n. SaineasiNDrcTrvixr 

manner ; so as not to be perceptible to the tonch. book.] ln"<lu-na', ln"du-nfl', n. [S..Afr.] An officer of high rank 

im-pal'a-dixm, lm-pal'u-dlzm, n. Puthol. Same as PAL- * n clear "er, in'cltr'cr, n. Banking. One who receives under a Bantu or Kafir chief; headman; leader. 

UDisM, under PALUDI-. the in-clearing; usually, in Great Britain, the accredited ln-du'st-form, in-diu'ei-fSnn, a. Bot. Shaped like 

im pause', an'pfls'. n. [F.I A blind alley, or passage representative of a banking-house at the clearing-house an indusinm. [< INDUSIU M + -FORM.1 
only at one end;; hence, any serious and Called also ln=clerk. " in-fect'ant, In-fect'ant, a. [Rare.] Infe 

A hermit; recluse. I ^SSSSlU B , 1 in-fsr-noJ-oiz, r<. [-IZED; -I'ZING. 

WJJ^U 'llll_> ill 'Mlf CUUj I 

fnaurmountable obstacle. 
im-pay'a-bKe* Im-pe'a-bl, a. 

; of being paid; 1 *? / !; ".V . 

ii' ii> > , i " v i pun j, ( n;(j - ut uncfifSM viliue, XT. Unai)]K*asal>U' ^ ~^~ Ij ' w " u t/i eilUL lll.j m rn,,!-,, l,, t 1 , .rii iJ 

im-pe-cu'ni-a-ry. iin-pc-klu'nl-e.-rl, a. 1. Same as IMPE- '"-<- |u 'HO-py, In-clQ'u-ri, a. [Rare.] Same as INCLUSIVE, a. 5 _ - 
CDNIOUS. a. [Rare.] Xoi relating to money. ln-com'|)e-te_nt, a. [Additional sense.] Geol. Not 

ectlng; producing 

*' ' 

d, o. [Rare.] Woven Into the fiber. 

im _ 

-lani'i-iia-l.l . . in-csn-tam'i-na-bl, a. 

^ , _.^ , _.. ot be contaminated or defiled. 

Im-per'son-a-tlre, im-pgr'son-a-tiv, a Capable of !n-cor"o-na'tion, In-cer'o-ne'shun, M. Coronation, 
impersonating; characteristic of theatrical impersona- " 1 K^? n I ;'?":^ n .:, (e ' in-cer'po-ro-bl, a. [Rare.] 1 

m"per-scrIpt'I-bl(e, im-per-script'i-bl, a. Lacking cre<1 - 
justification or precedent based upon written authority. " con- 
[< IM-' + I,, pertcribo, to write in full.] can not 

' ' -'' 

. . 

INCONSIDERATE. 2. Not taken Into account; unconsid- 


unfinished legal procedures. 

n-fiii"l-tes'l-mal-lsm, in-fin'i-tes'i-mol-izm, n. 
Metl. The doctrine or practise of administering drugs 
in infinitesimal doses, on the theory that the nealing 
properties of remedies are increased by subdivision, 
That may trituration, and succession. 

lii-liil"i-tl-iio'iiil-al. in-fin'i-ti-no'mi al. Math. I. 

tion; as, her impersonafive talent as an actress, 

I nal bumf Date 




Inap pertinent 





Inelaborate, -Jy 

-bly, -nes 


mart fatl call ty 


Inauthentlc, -Ity 










-bly, -ness 



, Inlrrltatlve 


Innatural, -Ize 




-ly, -ness 








Insorial, -ly 
Insuccesalvei, -ly+ 
Interne rat I on t 
Intern po rait, -ly 

tn-deat'er, in-dent'gr, n. 

denture. 2. An indentor. 

1. One who binds by in- 

ated or derived from sources oelow granitic beds; as, an 
infrayranitic origin. [< INFUA- + ORA 

y one of the aborigines; u native. 
in'di-an-lte, in'di-an-ait, n. 

grayish, or reddish feldspar of Yhe"anorth"it"e'var'iety' 
Compare ANORTHITE. 2. [Eng.] A eolation of caout- 

asla, j.^ y e i|' OWi or wn itc ffowers and pinnate "leaves. [M.] 
'Mineral, 1. A white, In'ga-llk, iij'ga-lik, n. Ethnol. A member of an In- 

dian tribe whose habitat is at the extreme west of Alaska, 
on Bering Sea. 

in-trlu-ti'lion, In-glu-tlsh'un, n. [Rare.] The process of 
In'di-an-Ize, in'di-an-aiz, rt. [-IZED- -I'ZINO 1 To swalIowin K- t< "f- 1 + L.glutio, swallow.] 

make like an Indian in habits or appearance * ii-?ras'i-al bones. The lesser wings of the sphe- ' \ 

iii-dl'cial, in-dish'al, a. 1. Orrdth. Relating or be-. Dold bone. 

longing to the index-linger, the principal digit of a n ^ | f ra '"-a-to "ry, In-grC shl-a-Wri, a. Serving to Ingr- 1 
2. Having the form of an index. 3. O? 8 uch a l^f rona . in ^ 0n , pa . ,. That has grown lnto the J 

BOfo, firm, 

t, fare, .coord: elmnt, e r = over, eight, | ^ usage; tin, machine, j = renew; obey, no; net. ner, atm; full, rule; but, bum- aisle- 
^- Cross-reference, to word, in the Addenda are indicted by an asterisk (n Wh,n not fol!owed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabu la rv. 

ink cup 2145 invocaliv(e 

liik'.< an", n The ink-mushroom (Coprinut atramen- revolt; incipient insurgency. [< L. insurao, rise against.] place (a piece) between the king and an opposing piece 

tartue): also, other species of Caprimu. in"te-gra'tlon, n. [Additional sense.] tieol. In hv- that has given check. 2. To place (a piece) between 

iu'keer, in'ker, vt. [S -Air. D.] \. Todrive Into an enclo- drography, the measurement of the average ot the van- any piece and the piece with which an opponent threat- 
sure; corral, as cattle. 2. To divert, as a stream, from Ita ous velocities of flowing water at different depths, by ens it. 
course for purposes of Irrigation. moving tiie current-meter at a very slow, uniform speed |ii"ter-pos'i-tl v(e, in*te,r-pez'i-tiv, a. Bot. Placed or 

ink'cn. tnk'n, . [Rare.] written with ink; of or pertain- up an j (j own m a vertical line': contrasted with obser- situated between two parts, as a stamen in relation to a 

. '."^ -V * . '.,ft, i T v , ,,H; .; .,,1 in t vations made at several fixed points in a vertical. perianth. 

'" a I ," lk Uso n us < ed Int'raSsltl ely ] I In Lack need ' I. shallow .treams ... .he wolk can he ,!,! by what i. In'ter-punct, In'ter-punct. n. [Rare ] A mark of punctu- 

laik. also ui I intraiis tl UJ. '"/ ,^,- t ,<f ;i ut i aw ,y. called inlei/mtion. J. w. POWELL Elerrtilh Annual Kep. U.S. atlon between words. f< INTER- + L. punctus, point.] 

reSoT^to^n^teS^ortLliw^lf^J + tA^ <to>l. sunV-'*> pt. H. P . u. [oov. pro. ore.] ln"ter-punc-'tu-ate, in-te.r-punc'chu-[o7- -t;u-]et, vt. 

in'mirilw. in'urdz n nl [Dial.] Tin- Inwards; viscera ln-tel'11-geiice oFM-cer. Mil. An officer in the To insert in; punctuate. 

. *. 1 , ,} LI fjri _/ m\-_ l j-_ _^ii-- ;_i-il! J t . :.."..... .......':........ tr 

in-nas'cl-bl(e, m-nas'i-bl, a. ram. 

lll"ter-ralll'I-ooril, m'ter-ram'l-cSrn, n. Omith. 

service or the intelligence department. 

differentiated horny part between the rami of the lower 

,Itbv!cT e >m "" ; n "' UrC I! "" '" "'""""""" wordsnot'grouped here should be sought fir'ln vocabulary "uiurc' compo'sTfi'on andleitu're; sometimes cSitaming 

iii-ue'i-tv. ln-n!'i-tl, n (Rare.l Innateness. place. residual glass, augite, and other minerals, between the 

Iii'no-ya"to-ry, in'o-ve'to-rl, a. Having the charac- {JJJJgJjf^J** 1 jnteflficaf " Intefspeakert 688 lath-shaped feldspar crystals: said of dolerite. [<INTKR- 

ln^oJI. a n\'yu.|l.t.. [Bare.] One skilled In inoc- ] i;^!^ "^ IntipimU ulirCglem"* In/'^er^lioot'T'in-ter-shat', ,. I. t. To shoot into the interfeSerlttng intef ZsterTng tatSftSSita? midst of. II. I To shoot or dart forth here and there. 

ln"o-geii'e-(tl, in o-jen'g-Bis, n. Med. The "cation mt ergencratlon mterplalt, v. Intertrlgatlont ln"ter-ster-H'l-ty, in-ter-ster-il'i-ti, n. BM. Stenl- 

or development of fibrous tissue. [< r - tt (in-), noer, + intcrgranular interproduce, c.t Intcrvalvular ity between organisms of nearly related stocks. 

gigiwmai, to be born.] intergrow, v. Interradiate, f. Intervascular in'^icr-l riMlc', in'ter-trud', vt. [-TRU'DKD; -TRU'DING.] 

in o Mill, in'o-lith, n. Med. A concretion found in Intcrlamcllation interradlation intcrvlsceral, -ly [Rare.] To force or forcibly push in between; intercalate. 

fibrous tissue. [< Or. is (in-), fiber, + lit/iof, stone.] in // ter-ac"a-dem'ic, In'ter-ac'a^em'ic, a. Common to [< INTER- + L. truilo, push.] 

in"op-por-tu'nliit,in"ep-er-tiu'nist, n. Onewhodis- two or more academic Institutions; as, interacaaemic ln"ter-ur'ban, in'tsr-ur'bon, o. Between cities. [< 


uiu i mi ivrii NIL; .Mm uaiu^miig \*i UI/IUUD ii.-.-.i' , UVIUUD . - lULHimte; luuiimuy; Meuiuaiun. 

sclerosis. [< Gr. is (in-), fiber, -i- xcllrosis, & hardening.] irregularity m rhythm : said of the pulse. in'toed, In'tBd.po. Having toes that turn Inward. 

lii"o-n'rl-a,'ri-a,H . Pal/iot. The occurrence in''ter-co-juin'na.ry, n-ter-co-Wne-rl, -ni-e-rl. a. in . tox <i_ cn "ti, e , m-tex'T-kftlv, a. [liare.] Indicative 
in The urine of mtiscle-sugar or inosite. [< INOS.TE + in"ter.c.luni 'n-a-ry, ( [Rare.] Arch. Sameas INTER- of Orre8 ultlng from Intoxication; Intoxicating 
...] ln-o 8 "I-t'rf-at. inner^om-mu'ner, ln-te M em-mm'n S r, n. 1. &o<. in*, "i? aH& ^tmg" wHnra^sillle^n -Wutf- 

in=ow'er. In-5'er, adv. [Scot.] Closer In; nearer to, aa a One who communlca tcs with an Interconimuned person, ["'tra-ff B.cic'a-lar a Itot Situated Inside a fascl- 

n"qul. 8 |'Uon-I 8 , in-cwi-zish'on-ist, . One who J^ r ^~ a VetTeem-par', rt. To compare ^^^^ff^^^d^Si^.S^St 

believes in or practises inquisition; especially, a Spanish with one another, as chronometers. icl'lu-rnl, a. Oeol. Same as INTBATELLUBIO. intra- 

inquisitor. In'ter-dlct, n. [Additional sense.] [Louisiana.] Law. telluric period (Petrol.), the lirst of the two stages of 

"yieTdingVor~proTiflc*of "insect^ M" a" mareh. "[<"IKS"ES tn''ter-fe-ren'tlal, in"ter-fg : ren'shal, a. Of or per- juror's! , In-trSr'sal, a. Sot. Same as INTBOBSE. 
+ L./6TO, bear.] taming to interference, especially, in physics, to op- i 1 ," lro . M u-ccpt'ed, in'tro-sos-sept'ed, pa. Same as IN- 

In-Bec'ti-forni, in-sec'ti-f8rm, a. Bearing resem- tical Interference; as, an interferential refractometer. TUSSUSCEPTED. 
blance to an insect [< INSECT + -FORM.] See INTERFERENCE REFRACTOMETER, under REFRAC- in-tro-verse', In-tro-vcrs', a. [Rare.] Slut. Introverted. 

In-Hec'tlle, in-sec'til or -tail, a. Characteristic of or TOMETER. ln-ro-vert', vt. [Additional sense.] Bhet. To ar- 

pertaining to an insect; infested with insects; resembling ln"ter-fer-om'e-ter, in-tgr-fgr-em'g-tr, n. An in- range (words, verses, or other elements) so that one pair 
an insect strument for measuring optical interference, as the inter- of corresponding or riming parts will be enclosed to- 

in-aes'Bor, in-ses'er, n. A sitter; one who sits. [< IN-I + ferential refractometer. [< INTERFERE + -METER.] gether within another pair: usually in the past participle, 

L. netteo, sit.] iii'^fr-llaiitf <', In'tgr-flanj', n. The space between two as an introverted quatrain (where the first and fourth 

Ill-speak', in-sptk', vt. [IN'SPOKE; IN'SPO'KEN.] To flanges. lines rime, as do also the second and third), 

endue with or instil into by speech, or as by speech. in"ter-nu'ence, In'ter-ftlu'sns, n. [Rare.] The state of i n "t ro -vo-lu'tlon, in"tro-vo-10'shHn or -liu'shun, n. 

in'Hpi-rate, in'spl-rt, vt. & vl. [-BA'TED; -KA'TINO.] . ,' ng ": ,-, r,.., T no . orr u n r^ intor The process of involving; an infolding. 

I I'iet.] Same as INSPIRE. tn'ter-fluve, m'tgr-flfly, n. Oeol. The territory inter- | n . tr ji de / vt .[Additional sense.] Geol. 

iii"l>l-ra'Ii<>ii-iiii. in'spi-re'shnn-izm, n. A Del' " 
in or assumption of inspiration. 

in"spl-rom'e-ter, in'spai-rem'g-tgr, n. An instru- , i.~,~* ' -' ~ " in'iu-oaie, m'tiu-oet 

ment which measures the amount of air drawn into the situated between the leaves. To treat b mtl ,b a tion 

lungs. [< INSPIRE + -METER.] In"ter-gen'tlal, in'tgr-jen'shal, o. Situated or ta- j n . tue /, m -tiu', vl. [Rare.] Same as INTUIT. 

lii-KplH'Kant, in-spis'ant. I. a. Calculated to pro- king place between tribes or races; international. [< in'tu-ent, in'tlu-gnt, o. Grasping or recognizing by In- 
duce inspissation. II. n. An inspissating medicine. INTER- + L. gens, race.] 

8ecir"[L.? a"llkeness"]"" or parts taken collectively. "d'ricaf histrumeiit' used "in" "herniotoiny. "'{< IN-' + L. 

in ''lin-;il church. A church or one of a in"ter-liii'e-ate, in"ter-lln'e-et, vl. To add by Interllnea- va m na gheath 1 

body of churches that have made themselves each the tlon; subject to Interlineation ln"ven-'ta'ri-o', In'ven.tfl'ri-o, n. [Sp.] An inventory, 

center of a cluster of auxiliary or dependent societies ln"ter-llii'gual, In'tgr-lln'gwol, a. Having relation | n . ven 'tor-ize, m-ven'tw-olz, vt. & vi. [-IZED'; -i"zio.] 

and agencies engaged in charitable, philanthropic, and to two or more languages. To Inventory. 

educational work ln"ter-loc'u-tlv(e, iirtgr-lec'yu-tiv, a. Of, pertaining in'ver-ness, in'vsr-nes, n. A sleeveless, cloak-like 

In Vii-iii'tlou-jil-IM. in'sti-tifl'shon-al-ist, n. A to, or rendered by means of interlocution. garment fitting closely round the neck and falling loosely 

writer npon institutes or elements, especially of juris- in"ter-lu-na'tlon, in'tgr-lu-ne'shun, n. Theinterlu- over the shoulders. [< Inverness, Scot.] Inver- 

prudence. nar period; hence, figuratively, any period of obscurity ness capet. 

In'Htroke, in'stmk, n. An inwardly directed stroke, or mental darkness. In-verse', a. [Additional phrase.] - inverse current 

iii-.triif'tion-ii-ry, In-struc'shon-e-ri, a. [Rare.] Made tn"ter-me'dl-a-ry, o. [Additional phrase.] inter- (Elec.), an Induced current opposite In direction to the 

or displayed for purposes of Instruction. mediary body, same as IMMUNE BODY*. producing current. 

in'MUck-en, In'snc-n, a. Scot. Law. Located or resident ln"ter-meH'Hcn-ger, In-ter-mcs'en-Jer, n. One who acts In-vers'ed-ly, in-vgrs ed-11 adv. [Rare.l Inversely. 

within the sucken. as message-bearer between two persons, in-ter-mes'sa- In'ver-tend, m'ver-tend, n. Logic. The original 

in"uf-fl'cient-ism. in'strf-fish'cnt-izm, n. Med. gert. proposition from which the resultant proposition is de- 

The doctrine that holds drugs to be insufficient as a cure in'ter-nimce, n. [Rare.] Same as INTEHNUNCIO. in'- r i v ed by inversion. 

for disease and that relies on the expectant method. See. ter-noncct. in-vex'ti-tor, ln-ves'tl-ter, n. [Rare.l One who or that 

EXPECTANT o 2 - 1 ii-uf- li'< l.'nt-lHt n tn"ter-nup'tlal, m-ter-nup'shal, a. 1. Relating to which Invests, or clothes. 

in^u-1 ?l,n.' ?Addltlo"l "ns"] Jto. Archeol. A sin- intermarriage. 2. Relating to the period separating one'Mate.Jn-viri-lCt, vi. .JAddltlpnal .Bens_e. l _S P ecIne_- 

sc\e. block of houses: anv gnaee or snimre divided oft and marnacc from another. ally, In 




to the lllsula, or the island of Rell. 

to secure 


in'siu-lar-ai,-, vt. 

To transform into an island or treat as thus transformed 

,111111 .i.-' i II II II 1PH-1-MI1-H I II - n I .1 1 <r i . [ Kftf6.] I " I II I I [ M PHI . _, 

ln"ur-ee', in'shtir-i', n. The beneficiary under or in-ter'po-la"ti-v(e,ln.ter'po-le'ttv,o. [Rare.] Introduced ca'lor}. 

holder of an insurance-policy. by way of Interpolation. in-ter'po-la"tiv(e-ly, adv. tn-voc'a-tlv(e, in-vec'a-tiv, a. 1 . Of the nature of 

Jn"iinr-Ke8'cence, in'ser-Jes'ens, n. [Rare.] Tendency to ln''ter-pose', vt. [Additional senses.] Vhees. 1. To invocation. 2. Serving to invocate. 

n = nut; 11; lu=fd, JO = future; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, iijk; o; thin; zh = azure; F. bod, dtine. <, from; t, obsolete; I, variant. 
V9~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

... ... Junibotta 


MMSrw-S , SSSB^Tja8WflS 


i\tirw~ T titinvtu.j . -, 

1'o-doun, ai'o-dos, a. I . Of, pertaining to, or like iodin. 

DOUIU! fC..H,,,O,.) obtained as a glucosid from man- want of lacteal secretion. 

Foot (//w/V;"ra.a), and usef in medicinal prep- is-cht-al'ele, is-ki-al'jic, a. Of or pertaining to i- 

aratioi's [< II-OMCKA.] chialgia. [< iscui- -f Or. algos, pam.] 

fra-eun'dl-ty, aiTa-con'di-ti, n. The state of being i"clil-or-rlio'glc, is'ki-er-ro'jic, a. Pros. Du>- j n / bon nfl'bon, n. [Sp. Am.l A soapflsh (Kyfiticus sapo- 

ira/Mind- atiL'cr jointed; ill-formed: said of an iambic verse into which ,,,, rf ,, S ). called also jaboncillo. 

1're^lne.X^tn, . Bot. 1. A genus of erect, trop- i spondee has been improperly introduced. [< Gr. - jn -b.,l', ^*S 1 .r.PtoO.Aclottwornl K woMj 

Jrw, rainbow, -f etloml, a cutting.] .magmary con tou '-line In a map, drawn through a series shea".. -j. tfce painter ISlang, Austral.], an acrid 

lr"i-deit'ceD-c>', ir'l-des'en-si, n. Iridescence. j " ,"> , ' , ( , k , vat | on in a topographic surf ace or line, green tea, that stains the mouth. 

I'rl-dln, di'ri-din, n. Clurn. A preparation obtained fo^e,.,, leve l, but at present deformed.- i'HO-bath, . jack'aHB", . l Additional p >e i rr " wen t jack . 

from the root of the blue flag (Iris rerricotor), and used Having unvarying depth. 1-so-bath'ict.- i"o-bront'- ans LTasmania], the gray butcher-bird ( Croe.iciM a 

[Additional sense.] A paper wrapper for 
d book. 

[Austral.] The brown flycatcher 

A plant, the yellow iris. See under 

. l. The doctrines and tenets of 

the followers of Jehovah ; the worship and religious cult 
of the Hebrews, devoted to Jehovah. 2. The doclrine 

'. tlon In which angles retain their former vulucH. i"8O- 

BLEWOOD*. Ironwood of Burma, a tree (Xylia fluid- kind, or grade, in classification. i-son'o-moua, a. metric system. 

brifnrmlt) of the bean family (teguminosir}. fBo-per-lm'e-ter, n. fifom. A figure which has a jn'ma. Ju'mu, n. [Anglo-Ind.l A garment; specmcally, 

Irr- prefix iAdditional U-rms 1 perimeter eauivl with that of another figure; in the plural, the long outer robe of a Mussulman or a Hindu. 

(See note under thl/nreflx n %1| Compounds of Irr- not two or more flgurcs having equal perimeters. i"*o-pho'- .1 ii.ina i'cu clii-r'ry. A tropical American tree (Firu* 

In this list should be looked Win vocabulary place. ri-a, n. .Veil. Equiil tension of the vertical muscles of ,, f ,i,,,, r ,,i,,i,n with orange.yellow, irlohose fruit: _ found in 

rratm IrrefusabUc Irresonancc the eyes.- i"BO-pBeph'ie. I. n. In ancient Greek verse, m.utliern Florida, and called also reil lie, broad or wll- 

havlng an equivalent numerical value: said of compared | o w , li-iivcd R K . 

?tahllitv words In wlllch the numeral value of the letter, equals the -Jamaica JoBWOOd, J. fix hood. same as DOO- 

irTeclalmed 5 ISefatlvenS,. Im^eclSbKe" same sum. II. n. A word or verse that, compared with W<,,,.TKEK, 8. 
lirecognlzant irrellgionlsm Irrespcctful 
Irrecollectlon Irreliglonize irrespondence 
Irredecmed Irrcmlssihllity lrretrictlve 
trredentlal lrrenderabl(e Irresultlve 
Irredresslblllty IrrenewabKe liretlcent 

irr.'vmlbl.e" ic. a. [Auaillonai senses.) l. Having or inaroumg urn- 

EJSmS?? Silv ' tonlclty or tension, as a muscle unaflccti^d by stlmu- .... ... ^., 

latlon. a. Referring to equal density of liquids separated count of its many-celled ovary, and the prolongation of 

lr"rml'i-<-a-bl(e. Ir rad l-ca-bl, a. Ineradicable. by animal or vegetable inrmhranes and usually having the the calyx It includes Caryti/i/njllvf, which had before 

Ir-ra'tloll-al-lxin, ir-rash'un-al-izm, n. A belief or Mm eineltlng.point.-i" ( .o-troi;'ic, . [Addltlonalenn.l ,. Deluded in Eugenia. Jambomi Malacensis is the 

philosophy that is not grounded in reason; the denial or Embryol. Having bomaxlal or Indifferent structure: said Malay apple formerly Euyenia M'llaceittiii, and Jamboxa 

disbelief of rationalism. Ir-ra'tlon-al-lut, n.. of egg-cytoplasm at the beginning. aromattca is the clove, formerly Kuyenia ritn/ophyllata. 

ir"re-palr / , irTe-par*, n. Want of repair; disrepair. Is-o-xo'tna, is-o-.o'ma, n. hntom. A genus of chal- or CumovhiittH* nromaUcux. Compare CLOVE*, n., and 

lr"re-Ter'l-bI(e, o. [Additional phrase.] Irrerer*!- cidid flies, including the joint-worm fly (/. hordei). ECOKNI*. [< E. Ini.jambu, the rose-apple tree.] 

sofa, firm, Qglc; at, fare, ccord; elfmnt, e.r = over, eight, = usage; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, no; net, nr, atom; fnll, rule; but, burn; aisle; 
Iff Crow-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference ie to the main vocabulary. 

included in Eugenia* from which it is separated on ac 

jambosin(c S14T kallborito 

jaiii'bo-NiiKe, jam'bo-sin, n. Chan. A crystalline in the start of a yacht-race. II. i. To maneuver for an rushes, much cultivated In some sections of the Islands 

alkaloid (C' 10 H 1S NO 3 ) derived from the root-bark of the advantage; specilically, in yachting, to endeavor to gain Juii-coI'des, jon-cei'dtz or yun-cei'des, n. Hot. A 

Jambosa. on one's competitor bv skiltul maneuvering; as, to jockey genus of plants of the rush family (Juncucese), resembling 

ja"inon'. ja'mn', n. [Southern U.S.] 1. Ham or bacon: a for position. the type ganujmcut, from which it differs in having 

corruption of the French jin*on . A guitar. IW.J jo-cu', iio-cO'. . [Sp. Am.] Ich. The dog-snapper (Lu- one-celled, three-seeded capsules, and in being often 
Jn , n '" f ap ' i , K " 1 r ;.."- [Anglo.Ind.J A species of jangada; ,, jocut. hairv and growing in dry places! Generally known as 

lan'i iorm nnfaerm Same as JANUFORM JOB/Kly. jeg'll. a. [Colloq.l Apt to joggle; shaky. Luzula. K L. J,,m-H, rusU + Or. <./,(,, fofm.J 

ini''U,a'-Y ameirKNZAlA- Jo'ei. . Suaeutoei. Jo'Krei. jun'gar, jii,r g <ir, . ( Auglo.lnd.J Same ai JAials*. 

H^-ivi'taJr "^4n An, M ? A' m-imtpr r virrnitm iS'f '"a-lle, jeg-t'na-Qit, n. Mineral. An earthy de-jiin'Ble=lieii", . [Austral. I A mouud-lilrd. 

,",r!,.s i""rmjli'") ' composition product of arsenopyrite that is closely allied ju'iii-per, n. [Additional sense.] [Canada.] The larch- 

jap'on-ate, jap'en-et, n. Chem. A salt of Japonic acid, to scoroditc. tree or hackmatack.- juniper web.wonn, a tortricoide. 

Iti-iioii'ii- io-non'ir n rh'iricterwtic of or VrMmim' -I '" 1 mar'iR-ele. Jc/i. Snme as TEN-POUNDER, 4. an moth t Conehylui ntttlana), Imported from Europe, that 

l M , fe Joliu'nydar'ter. Aflslu/*i(c.m nirjnnu >, common In feeds upon junl|.er.H-aves. See CONC:IIYLID.K.- native j. 

tc .lapan. Japonic acid, a black substance (CjaH^O^ the rivers and lake" *" t ""'*" J t "~* .*_.*_*. , ,n,. 

Hoi derived from eatrrliin. jo'kull. yO'kul, n 

Jai>'on-iHin, etc. Same as JAPANISM, etc. Icelandic mountai] 

ja-iiue'ta, nu-ke'ta, n. [Sp. Am.] A fish. Same as cow- snow-line [Ice i 

PILOT. jo'ky, ju'ki a [Co 

jar'=bird", jur'-lierd', n. [Local.] The nuthatch. jol'loped, jsl''ept, , 

jar"di"nlere', ft. [Additional senses.] Cookery, l.jol'ly 1 , n. [JOI/LIES, pi.] A British marine: a sailors 

and handsome species of the BOutheaMarn States. 

and New South V\ ales. Caucu mau 9>vuiiiu:niuiiuuuu y . r~ ~.\ f,j~ J ~ J ... /. ^HJ, ^',n 

ID Victoria, and sometimes woolly=butt. jolt'head" por'ey. A sparold flsh (Calamus bojanada) 1Um Ff, .f na ' zn ; 1 ;^' ""'j '*-.. A Brazilian tree (Acaclajurei 

jar"ret', zhfl're', n. [F.] Cookery. Ham, as prepared for . of the West Indies. . yji 51 ^' 1 ^ a , "'*''.. ,f. TXT . T A 

f,,od Jonat, ySng, n. [S.-Afr. D.] Literally, boy: applied chiefly to J" "rl-bal'I, ju'ri-bari, n. [Native.] A tropical African 

JHs'iuliir, n. [Additional phrase] native jasmine colored servants. tree ( TrichUla moschata) of the bead-tree family (Melia- 

[ Austral.], a small erect bush (flfcfnorarpiM pinifolia) of *$W err S y?,'- lk ,'! ier ' " tS.-Afr. D.] A member of the *); also its medicinal bark. ju"ri-bal'llt. 

n. __:j< n_/o L n _v \.ti jc rLi _I_L. Volksraad or I itrliiiiin'iit: a gentleman. *../. ~ \ i.r.,-. . i _u ^i i t 

| jm-ymu-i.1! jc-juu w , /. avt. CT i aa RKvjKoivB, ju uioy or iron ana mcKei (j?eaM5>, tnat is round In granular justice 

^ jei-'o-rl'n, jec'o-rin, n. Physiol. Chem. \. A substance jos'kiii, jos'kln, n. [Slang, Eng.] An awkward rustic; a Js-tl'ci-a, jus-tieh'i-a, n. Sot. A large genus of 
found in both normal and diabetic blood, liver, spleen, boor. tropical or subtropical herbs or rarely shrubs of the 

brain, etc. 2. A substitute for cod-liver oil, usually jos'sa-He, jes'a-ait, n. Mineral. An orange-yellow acanthus family (Acanthaceee). Many species yield me- 
obtained from the liver of the horse. The sodium salt lead-zinc chromate Pb.Zn)(Pb.,O)(CrO 4 )j), that crystal- dlclnal or Industrial products, and others are cultivated for 
yielded by It has the composition C4o6Hi86X5SP 3 Na0. It lizes in the orthorhombic system. . ornament. [<J Jjisdce, Scotch i horticulturist.] 

is uncertain whether it Is a true chemical compound or a jo-tu'ro, jo-tu'ro, n. Same as BOBO. ] H*?,' "' ,I A "'f'H "?, Phrase.] Amrrican Jute, the 

mixture. K L.jecur, liver.] jour-nni-ese', J0r-nal-iz', n. [Colloq.] A stilted style of . Indian mallow (Abutilnn Avlcennx or Aoulllon Abtttilon). 

jeel.jil, i. [Scot.] To become jelly: jellify. language regarded as characteristic of newspapers. ' ju'ti-a, ,n same as HUTIA. 

feeP. n. [Manx.] Difficulty; trouble. jour-iial-icr', JOr-nal-Ir', n. [ISare.] 1. ^A journalist, ju-yun'tl, n. Same as DHUNCHEI 

jee-te', ji-t', 7i. SameasjKTBE. je-ti'ti jet-tee'J. 2. A day-laborer. [M.] jynx, n. A bird. Same as TUNX, 2. 

ji'^had', j('- n bGd', 7i. SameasjAHAD. jow'er, vi. [Dial.] To scold; snarl; mutter. 

jr'lab, J6 lab, n. [Morocco.] Sameas JELLABIA. je'libt; joy'ant. jel'ant, a. [Kare.] Expressive of joy; happy. TT 

jel'labt. ju'ber-oii8, jiTlier-us, a. [Local, U. S.] Timid. [Perh. < XL 

jf'lick. je'llc, n. [Turk.] A bodice worn by women. DUBIOUS.] jn'boust. 

jcl'let-tite, jel'etoit, 71. Mineral. A green variety of an- jn"bl-la'rl-an, ju'bi-le'ri-an, n. 1, One who cele- ka-ba'ya, n. Same as CABATA. 
riradlte garnet. [< M. Jellet, who first described it.) brates the fiftieth anniversary of his labors in a given k ? d 1 ?? ll j',. kfl ,! 108 . b/> , " [KE-DO'SHIM, kg-do'shim, ;.] 

jel'ly.leaP', n. Same as QUEENSLAND HEMP'. callins 2 K f Cti One who has he >n In orde or [ Heb -] Literally, holy one: In Jewish martyrology, a saint: 

Jpm'my Uon'nel-ly. [Oolloq., Austral.] Anyone of n nde, g vovJi'fnr flftw applied to persons who have suffered death for tfielr faith, 

three large and valuable Queensland timber-trees, the red ,""JiV ,,, 8 2 *.l y - T-T i KaPIr, n. [Additional phrases.]- Kaflr circus. [Kng.] 

mahogany (Enoiluptm resinife.ra), Myrrine ttariiMlis o f J 11 . b '- la ted .- J bi-lc'ted, pa. S. C. C/l. Having com- finance. 1. The body of brokers who operate In Kafirs, 
the myrshiad family (Mt/rnnacex), and EuroscMnus fal- pleted the fiftieth year of dedication to the service of the 2, The place at which the business Is done. K. cotton, 
<'!/* of the cashew family (Aitacardiaceie). church. see under COTTON*. K. ox, the Cape buffalo (Subalus 

Jew.n. [Additional compounds, etc.] Jew'Mlz'ard, n. tukhtl.] family ( Olacinex), with simple, alternate, leathery leaves, 

[Austral.] A large lizard (Ampliiboluruxbarbatux'i, having Ju-dae'o<Ger"man, ju-dt'o-jerTncm. n. A German and corymbed panicles of sweet-smclllng. white flowers, 
around the throat a ruff or beard of slender spines. When dialect containing Hebrew and Slavonic words and The Maoris use the wood for kindling flres by friction. 

the mlmal Is Irritated, It Inflates and greatly enlarges It idioms, but written in Hebrew letters: used by most. ka"i-ko-iiia'kot 

body. Called also bearded lizard. Jewg'itrump, Jews of eastern Europe. Compare YIDDISH, n. cm i lo s'l'haniis" and'lncautatlons medicine-man who 

S^^S^S^SSS- ^^^&^^^^^ 1 S^r^ g '&^ 1 

EwSSSHJS?^^^ ^.o^h"m^ 8 ^' rx^h^ 

C^^5 y^J|*^.f A 'lSS2 rt ^|^^ a patcned rS' ht ' r J u ?K!I" ;n tt 11 te . o r'' c cepted;;onthebasl80fvo- ka . i ; wlli ,,. i . n . ka .i.hwi'rl-n. . rM.ori.l A ,mn. ever. 

J i "v?,i .V . Hi-i: n "t-,-.>n P 74 A stinging fossorlal bee. office of a judge.- jli"dl-ra-to'rl-al, a. ka-kak'. ka-kQk', IN^h-e I A bittern (Ardetta bryani) 

f ' ^T i V s ?;, Am -] AJIcote'snest. ju'ey, iiD'e, n. The Porto- Rican name of the large land- of Guam: so called from its cry. ka-ka't. 
mic--ndtret L ' g ' ] m0ye nervously; J cra j ( c'ardismna quanlmml). ka'kar, ka'kflr, . IJavanese.l Same as MUNTJAC. 

pb'Kmith", jsb'smlth', n. [Eng.] Asmlth who does various jun'oal, iop'cal, a. Bat. Of, pertaining to, or inclu- 
kinds of small Jobs. ding the Jtmcaceie and its kindred orders; as (Lindley's), tuous term. 

J i.*.?' "'. .t Ad I d ''! , nal senses.] I. t. To try to get jvncal alliance. kal'ian, kal'yon. n. The hookah of Peril*. K,,, , . 

le better of. by skilful or tactful maneuvering, especially jun'co*. n. [Philippines.] Any one of various speclei of kal-i-bo'rlte, kal-i-bc'rait, n. Mineral. A borate of 

an= oat; ell; In = frad, JQ = future; c = k; churcli; db = Uie; fo, sing, ii.ik: so; thin; zb = azure; P. boA, dttne. <,/rom; t, Obmlete; t, variant. 
IS" Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

kalkoeii 3I48 

tuinim: to the government that Introduced the uniform 

MUIUIB yv ."-V . *? t_ it.~ . ...i. ,...;.....,,..,,.; 1 .'<..i l.ypi . 

harpened riilge projecting from a rounded molding. 

Same as CALIF. 
d.] The treasury of a coun- 
sect as being the " property " 

with !a lash of kangaroo-hide. ri trm n keeTmiin 1 , . One of the crew on a keel or barge. khaii'jnr/^'kViii'Ii'V""!. [E. Ind.] Same as BANDJAR. 

glfttii} -. 

ear, iword-shaned 

down covering the - 

which are arranged in 

for ornament In green ,.-. .- . 

(Anicla armata} of Australia used for hedges, k.saca- ;; A' nrogtratri is the eorahcreeper of corabpea, ""as BI:NYIP*. 

B -r.,,. r r. ... KU -. US . ,. ,......, ~ which is caned also blee,line=heart%ativc Bcarlet ki'a o'ra, kf'^ 


tralian i 

kan-nu'm~e, kan-nu'me, n. A mormyrold nsh (Jformyns a g ".,' 1 'crc'ury L (^rrteii "pereMnto)? "itT cousins.' ki-hii-h '. L nT '[Additional phrase.] to put the'kibosti 

Itanniime] of the Nile, honored by the ancient Egyptians. oeoole who are distantly related. K. crow, the hooded on [Slang, Eng.]. to get rid of; make powerless; defeat. _ 

ka-noon', n. Same as KANCN. 

kant, kflnt, n. [S.-Afr. D.] Lace; embroidery; edging; ..,..., , _ . ..__,. 

also, edge: side. Kale, same as BLACKCAP, 2. K. plover, a charadrlold dlcularly, as a ball. 

ka"nu'an, kS'ntt'an, n. [Afr.] A native who volunteers g[ r( j , #,/(// r wiii'in>, one of the ring-plovers. K. klck'er, n [Additional sense.] Cricket. A ball that 

kaValka7aT. [Austral.] Good: an aboriginal word tSBO&^lBia'mSSffi In the ,J a <f f gftgSf 1 1' pod" ofa^lanl^ring legumes, 
kapp.kap, . Sfec. A ^workshop unit of magnetic field Bri , i8harmVi ai8U6edca8t.iron8hot,shel(,orsimilarjunk. such as peas, beans? etc. 

ka-rn'ii, ka-ru'ji. n. Same as KORADJI*. kep'sball", . The game of catchball. stage in the marriage ceremony; hence, marriage. 

kii-ra'ka, ku-r<l'ka, n. [New Zealand.! A tree (Coryno- ker'a-tin-otie, ker'a-tin-Os, n. An albumose derived kld'ney, n. [Additional phrase, etc.] kidney link 


kiirnniu, and C. lunda, a buxli:karamu, the latter = Acucia, espei-l:illy 

being known also as the coflri'-bimh or con"ee=plant, cochineal; carmine. I < KERMES.J best gum arable. 

from the use made of Its berries, and, in greenhouse cultl- kern', n. [Additional sense.] A particle of sand. ki-ku'el, ki-kii'ei, n. An oil. See In table under OIL. 

vatlon, known as Otafto oranffeleaf. or looking* kern'iHtone", n. ILocai, Kng.] A sandstone of a kll-am'pere, kil-am'ptr, n. Elec. A unit of current 

tilaHHbuMh. See COPROSMA*. coarse granular composition. poiial U> 1 000 amneres f <: KILO- -t- AMPERE ] 

'--"" "" rl """' 1 *~* 4 """ """'" "-'-" ' ^"ITL^ [PrOV ' 1 A gland> eitK ' ft'. " iAddSl Bens!" Theac?ofkiumg,espe-1 

Sampfts VAPHTTTA cially in hunting. 

!. A Arly yeMowish- kil-lee"kil-leS', kll-fkil-S', . [W. Ind.] A sparrow. 

ill w it.\ : r>tiinriiiiir cum umiiicvi WILII LIIU i\< 'DM ii;u . ""'.."'." , f*i*-jr* IlilWk 

ka'rc-au, ka're-ou, n. [Maori.] A New Zealand and Aus- green variety of mica that is closely refetcd to jeffensite. ,,,,, A phenomenal profit enjoyed by bold 

tralian supple-jack (Kitogonumparri/larum) of the smllax It occurs as flne scales. [< Prof. W. C. K(,rr.\ speculation on the stock exchange, 

family (SmUaux). ka''re-a'oti ka"re-a'o>vine":. ker'nten-Ite, ker'st^n-ait, re. Mineral. A yellowish klrlln-itc, kil'in-ait, n. Mineral. A light-green vari- 

ka-rel'ln-lte, ka-rel'in-Qit, n. Mineral. A metallic lead and selenium oxid with a small proportion of cop- e ty of decomposed spodumene: an alteration product, 
lead-gray bismuth sulfoxid that is found massive. [< per that occurs in botryoidal masses. [< Killlnet/ Bav, Ireland.] 

Karelin, the discoverer.] ke-ryg'ma, kg-rig'ma, n. Tluol. Preaching; specific- ki"lou-ito'i, k'rien-go'si, 71. [Afr.l A native guide. 

ka-ro'ro, ko-rO'ro. n. A large laroid gull ( Larm domlnt- ally, Christian preaching. [< <ir. klrygma, proclama- kll'o-ivatl^hour' 7 , n. Elec. The energy resulting 
canut} of New Zealand, having the body white, the back t ion.] from an activity of one kilowatt continued for one hour; 

and wings slaty black, the bi land legs yellow ke-ry'tlc, kg-ris'tic. I. a. Homiletic. II. n. The about H horse-power hours. 

kar'ree, kflr i n. A South-Afrlcan willow-llke sumac gtu dy o f homiletics. [< (Jr. ktrysKd, proclaim.] kilt, r. [Additional senses.] [Scot, or Prov.] I.I. To 

tnr'r'i'kfirT',, \n imn '(' <Fu!?iiuntu, ke'ta, kl'ta, n. The dog-salmon (Oncorhynchiu keta). bind up with strings. II. (. To step nimbly; move swiftly. 

dto?^l orluh^^o^u^lnara^vla^n^forke-tlllV, n! SameasK'Tiumi. klni'ber-llte, kim'ber-lait, , Mineral. A bluish- 

other purposes Si-e K\KRI WOOD under WOOD ku'ri* ke'tlin-ba, kC-'tu-bO, n. [Heb.] A marriage contract. green rock, found in South Africa, from which diamonds 

kar'tel, kur'tel, n. [S.-Afr. D.] ' A wooden hammock', Kelh'ii-bim, keth'yu-bim.M.pJ. [Heb.] The third section are mined. [< Kimberley + -LITE.] 
swung In a wagon and used as a bed. of Scriptures after the Law and the Prophets. kin', . [Dial., North. Eng.] A long narrow cleft; crevice. 

kar'watH, kflr'wots, n. [S.-Afr. D.] A whip in one piece, ke'tone, ki'tos, n. (Hum. A sugar or a class of sugars kin 5 , H. Elec. Sarneas KINE*. 

Kar-\vln'kl-a kflr-vin'ski-a n Bot A genus of having the same chemical constitution as a ketone alco- kin'a-ki, kln'a-ki, n. [New Zealand.] A relish; seasoning. 
Mexican shrubs or small trees of the buckthorn family hoi, as fruit-sugar. See ALDOSE*. [< KETONE.] kinch, c. [Scot.] To twist and tie a ropeabout the tongue 

(Rhamnafta). Of its three known species, K. Hum- ket'tle, re [Additional sense.] fjeot. The mass of "' c ( 3 " B r8C !' s J. n 1"^ A looDfiirn lshed"wl"h a sliding knot : 
boldtinmi Is the best known. A cold infusion of lu leaves consolidated material, generally shale or sandstone, which S,, ' , , i t/n f 

is widely used in Mexico for fevers. often fills a kettle-hole (see under KETTLE) in the shape kln 'e-mat'o-grapll, km g-mat o-grgf, n. Same a 

kar^y-ett'chy-ma, kar'1-en'kl-ma, 71. Itiol. Same as of an inverted cone. _ KI ^ K TOGRAPH. 

KARVOHVALOPLASM. - ket'lle=boil"er. . An old-fashioned steam-boiler kill''e-o-srapll', km;g-o.graf', n. A moving picture, 

kar"y-or-rhex'l, kar'i-o-rex'is, n. BM. A sudden with a round top. k. thread, n. Home. made bread baked as that shown by the klnetoscope. L< '' kinto, move, 
disruption of a cell-nucleus. [< Gr. karyon, nut, + under a kettle. k.. case, H. The cuckoo.orchis ( Orcftw + graph!), write.] 
rhexie, breaking I mancula}. k.-dock, n. 1. The European ragweed (Sene- kliiex!-, k\ne*-, combining formt. [Additional terms.] 

Ua-Mee'lee. ka-sl'lt, n. [Philippines.] The. snakc.bird. J' Jmobxa). 'i. The bitter dock (Rumrs, obliulfnliux) .- -kin"e-Hal'Bi-a, n. Pat/iOl. Pain from muscularcxer- 

kn'her, kfl'shsr, r(. & a. Same as KOSHER'. k.iinaw. Sameas AXGLKR, 2.-k.=nrt, . A net used tlon.-kin-e"si-es-the"ai-oni'e-ter, n. An Instru- 

ka-Mhy'a, ka-shi'a, n. [Heb.] A problem in Jewish casu- , In . ( / 'i 1 i l 'j t l """-'kcrcl. ment for testing or measurini,' the muscular sense.-kin-e- 

Istry submitted to a rabbi to be solved by Talmudlc rule's fcel'lled, ket'ld, pa. Geol. Uollowed out like a kettle, gim'e-tcr, n. 1. Pitt/mil. An instrument to measure cu- 

ka"ta-both'ron, kfl'ta-beth'ren n [-BOTH'EV an as surface bowls by action of a glacier. tlcular sense of heat or cold. i. An apparatus for measur- 

[Mod. Or] An underground passage cut by water. kel'lomtonc", kct'en-stiin'. n. A limestone, rcsem- Ing movement, quantitatively. kin"e-ti-oiii'e- ter:. 

kat-a-crot'ic,'ro-tUm. Same as CATACROTIC, fe bUu^e, ,,>,,,, at Ketton, England. A Somh _ Afrl< , an ^SSStiftSOi^ VS&SSgf? thira'rfeuSo' 

kna n "da', ka-^n-da., n. [Af,] A stretcher made of ^^l.^r^^ffi^pln^.'^ Krfi^rft ^^tlSSFK*^ 

kat'chnnn, kafchdng, n. [E. Ind.] The peanut, kat'- "I'd dense racemes of rose.nurple flowers. It Is found along {"!',;"' '<> defect electrically the approach of .eamh ps.- 
junir'. river-banks and lu marshes, also In orniunental green- klll"e-od'ic, n. [ Additional sense.] Originative rather 

Kn"ii-pu'an, kfi'tl-pn'on n [Philippines] A Filipino bouse cultivation. than receptive: said of nervc-tracts and centers which con- 

brotherhood that favored the freeing of the Philippine kev'els, n. [Scot, or North. Eng.] Mineral. The calcareous vey or give origin to centrifugal Impulses. Sec KSTiiKsomc*. 
Islands from Spanish dominion. stone that adheres to lead ore: so called in Derbyshire. kl-lle"to-<fraph'lc', U-nl'[Of -ne Jto-grgf'ic, a. rer- 

ka'va-ln. kfl'va in, n. Chem. A colorless, odorless, key, [Additional compounds.] key'=mon"ey, n. taining to a kinetograph. 

yellow goatnsh ( Upf 

ked'dRh, ked'a, n. [India.] A snare et for the capture nerlifh, imperial, < Kautr, Cassar.] F ,, H .' called also Halmoiiete amariila.'-k. of the 

of wild elephants khuir. ktilr, n. Same as KHAIR-TREE. mackerelfl. a molld nsh of the genus Knntnniii; one of 

kr-du'ohnh. kf-dfl iha. n. [-SHOT. p(.] [Hen.] A prayer kha'ki. ". I Additional sense' I liecent, Brit ] Of or per- the headnshes k. of the mullet* [Additional sense]. 

ofa, firm, ijhk; at, fire, ccord; element, jr = over, eight, | = usage; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, n6; nt, ner, atym; full, rule; bat, b8rn; atile; 
^S~ Crossreferenccii to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*) Wuen not followed by an asterixk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

kingbird 2149 laap 

any flsh of the ChUmlipteridir, especially of the genus Ap- on the rock. See under DUCKI. 2. pi. Same as KNICKEK- ny, of ft prevailing yellow color; the common flesh-fly 

agon, found in the Mediterranean and neighboring waters. HOOKERS. buzz'sflv''!) kor''iim-biir'rat. 

kllis'bird", n. [Additional senses.] l.A bird of knik'siioor, knlk'spor, n. |S.-Afr. D.] A depression or ko'sher, r(. [Heb.] To make kosher; cleanse and purify 

paradise (Paradutea regia). 2. Any one of various hollow made in a road by the washing away of the soil. (food) In compliance with the Jewish law. ka'sheri. 

terns: BO called bv sailors. kiiob'wood", nnb'wud', n. A South-African tree (.Van- ko'slll, ko'sin, n. Vhem. A yellow crystalline com- 

klil'kle, n. [A'dilitioiial sense.] Arch. Masonry in tt '', O ca nan e'TaNed'aiso n /'""' t j lo8l -S ratnel1 tlmber: pound (C ?1 II S8 O 10 ) contained as a bitter principle In the 

which bricks are laid in opposite directions and at dif- k ^ c c k a a I Addldonaf sen" '"fifo" E "g)A sand-bank- flo "' OT6 ?' the Abyssinian cnsso (//ag-sma AbysAmca), 

ferent a_ngles in the alternate courses. so called along the I Inoolnshlre coast aluj llse " ln medicine as an anthelmmtic and tamiafuge. 

kin'nu-i, khVfi-1, H. [Heb.l The secular name of a Jew knock'a-bout", iiec'a-bunf, n Naut A small lightly [< fawso, var. of cusso.] kou'sclii*; kun'sinj. 

among his fellow citizens: distinguished from his synagogal rigged yachtj p att ' erll( , d i ike a dory carryin" no boV/ ko-t8Chiib'o-Ite, ko-tshub'g-ait, n. Mineral. A variety 
kl-ito'lr kino'ic a Relatim? to kino Compare KTs-o 1 sprit, and usually built to sail either end foremost. of clinochlore that contains chromium oxid. [< Count 


1 rateatrache *t * A silky 1Ight ,ed 

k ; x ' flshberries ' mAsttSg** that c ^ tal - 

P?SM P ' I0- kiiop'Ite, nep'ait, n. Mineral. A metallic lead-gray ko-tn'kn, ko-tu'ku, . [New Zealand.] A white heron 
kl"no-plas'mlc, kfno-plaz'mic, a. Of or pertaining calcium titaiiite that contains the cerium earth and il in- fciSESS ',',','/ kT'k? in kl (T ku Txew'zSSSfe San- 

to kinoplasm. termediate between perovskitc and dysanalytcs. [ < Prof. K " s x" TI vVru ri "I'A 

ki-no'vin, ki-no'vln. . Chem. Same as QCTHOVIN: an A. Knop.] koul,, n. [E. Ind.] Same as COWLE. 

old form knot 1 ,?!. [Additional senses.] 1. Phys. Geoff. The meet- kow'hai, kan'hai, n. [New Zealand.] The locust-tree 

kins'pco"ple, kinz pi pi, n. pi. [Local, L. b.] Same as ing-point of two or more mountain chains. 2. An en- (Soppora tetrapteral with golden.yellow flowers: often 

ui''i, r "i n^' m ..aim. in* largement of a muscle or of the bone beneath it a cultivated for ornament, ko'halti ko 

H!, ' . ' ',';. s ?, me as NOAIO*. 

ki"o-e'a, ki"o-4'a, n. [Hawaii.] The Otahe 


ki"o-we'a, ki'o-we'a, n. [Hawaii.] A meliphagld 

sc-iii-e, isi-im-ai, n. inera. rown- trum niariim): a local name. ' a medicinal extract used as a tonic and astringent. 

ish-yellow fluocarbonate of the cerium metals that is Kuox'ville beds. Geol. See SHASTA SERIES*. Compare IIATANT. 2. [k-] The medicinal extract of 

nearly allied to parisite. knuckle, n. [Additional compounds.] knuck'le* the root of the shrub. [< J. G. H. Kramer, Australian 

'a-bl(e, kis'a-bl, a. Fitted for kissing; that invites bone", n. Same as DIBS, 1 and 2. k. send, M. That part botanist] 

iss. of a leg (as of pork or lamb) where the knuckle is.-k., kran, krdn, n. See. in table under COIN. 

'lns, . [Additional compounds.] - ki^'ing^ fe* k ; tll ^ d pr r "S Tn exces'Ze v rounded *relt'toii-ite, krait'en-ait, n. Mineral. An opaque, 
nce'~,M. SameascusHioN.DANCE.-k.=Kate,M. [Eng.l L r ew' threWl An excessUely rounded black, zinc-iron gahmte that occurs massive. [< Gr. 

" ooe *% - V* ^^^ tro ^ - 

A 11 vi i T, ( Itiitt'iliori teVlurUG) ivit"ti, /<- ^tici/t. oauii- a (JKKBUij. 

T / TU "\ ^,,, 8ma i ?S^tHy- bu8 to'blrd^kWsrdrrn. [Local, U. S.] The raln-crow (Coccy- Krisli'na-ism, krlsh'na-lzm, n. The worship of Krishna. 
(Melanalestes ptctpes) of the order Bimtpta-a, having a z, U americanus). Krish'na-ist, n. A worshiper of Krishna. Krish'- 

long, sharo beak one- half the length of its^body^ koch'el-lte, keH'el-oJt, n. Mineral. A greasy brown- ,JJ|*S*l_ 

carrying his entire kft.-kit=haddock,tt. Apoorquallty World annual or perennial herbs or undershrubs of the crystalline masses f< D Kruq von Nidda minim; 
of haddock shipped In kits for curing. goosefoot family ( ChenopodiacesB). One species, K. director 1 

kite 1 ,". [Additional sense.] Locally, any one of vari- Scoparia, an annual, has been sparingly naturalized in krum'lioltz, krum'holtz n [G ] The knee. pine 
ous falconoid birds, as the hen-harrier and kestrel. the northeastern United States. K. Americana is a kriiin'lioltzsoil", n. See in table under on,. 
Arabian kite, .Vilvus segypUacus. Australian k., common saltmarsh plant In southern and western Kansas. Krilp'pize, krup'aiz, vt. [-PIZED- -PI'ZINQ.] Metal 
& falconoid bird (Milrnx ixnrux). Called also square* Several species, as Jf.mllom, the cotton-bush, and K. pyra- To anolv the Krunn hardening nrorpss t/i rt* nrmnr. 
tailed kin-.- bald k., the buzzard iSuteo rulgarii).- mtdata, the blue bush, are prized as pasture, and foTluer. nlntf 

blackswiiiged k., an elanet (El/tnu* ftrrtilftN) of North plants in Australia. K W. I). J. Koch, a gardener at Er- wrJ. / u- rf , /. * x. 

Afrlca.-Br.tliiiiinV k., a sacred kite of India (Hallantur iangen.] Krupp proc'ess. Metal. A cementation-process 

imlusl. kite'sbal-loon", n. A captive balloon used In koeii'lcln-lte, knn'lain-ait, n. Same as KOENLITE designed for the hardening of surface steel, as for armor- 

sclentinc experiments.- k.-.photoeraph, n. A photo- ko'ffel, ko'Hel, n. [S.-Afr. D.] Abullet. plates, where the object is to strengthen the outer portion 

graph taken by a cainera fastened to a kite. ko'he, ko'hS, n. Same as WAHAHE. of the mass from the surface toward the interior. 

kit'tel, kill, n. [G.l 1. Literally, tunic; specifically, a ko'lieuip", ko'hemp', n. [Chin. & Jap.] A twining plant kry-ok'o-uite, krul-ek'o-nait, n. [Bare.] Cosmic dust 
long coat worn by Polish Jews. 2. pi. Grave-clothes worn (Puerarid Thunberulana) whose succulent green stems found In the arctic regions. See under COSMIC. I <Gr 
by married orthodox Jews In special religious ceremonies yield a fiber used for summer clothing said to be more dura- kryos, ice, + tonla, dust.] 
on KoshHashana and -iom KIppur and used as burial gar- ble than China grass.cloth. See PCERABIA*. kry-os'co-py, n. Same as CKYOSCOPT*. 

kH>t n ici f' e fA t dditlonal 1C se V nle r i er 1scot 1 To confuse with k <>hl-n'ei'se, kol-mai'zs, . [G.I The greater titmouse kryp'ton, ferip'ten, n. A gaseous constituent of the at- 
aucries'- puzzle of Europe (Parus major). See TITMOUSE. mosphere, isolated in 1898 by Ramsay and Travers. 

kir'rvS n rAririltlniiftl cnmnniinda 1 liif/tv,n*."*tv n The fcoWmejse is common over the whole of Europe as far north f < Gr. krvntos* hidden.] 

" [Lo^f.r-Tn^dKrlT.wlSi,, " fte n kfttywike: ^iA^^iSS^K^^^on^^ 1 "!'^^^^ <*' <* Pertaining to or treating 
ki'va, kl'va, n. [Southwestern TJ. S.] A political assembly ^ f ^ a ?L'^t ' ,^ 7ealan,i 11 Tnarlve^L " the 8ub j ect of ice a8 a 8urface feature of the earth, in 

^&SCttSS.R! "" Afr D 1 Small cattle n *. 2 SrgekSle'. ^JBRjS&S^Stt^ W an , d al( of r its ' 8 - ^"^ la T r , ^ a8 - *nit- 
pareiS' [S.-Afr. D.] S I cattle. Com- ko , ko i i jf . k0j . [w. Afr.] The taro (Colocassia anti- lK geology. [< Gr. kryos, ice.] crys'tlc}. 

Klel', klai'ni-an, a Pertaining to, formulated k $$$$; [Guam .j A ,, (avpotaniaa owitonf) peculiar K^WkflW,' n. [New ISSSfAtow, pigeon ( Car- 
by, or designated in honor of the German mathematician to Gu j m . popliaga novx-zelandix), handsomely marTced with green 

telix Klein. Klelnian function, a function whose kok'o-pn, kek'o-pfl n, [New Zealand.] Any one of several and gold on the breast, with lower part of the body white 
relation to a Klelnian group is that of a Fuchslan function common galaxloid fishes, as the mountain. trout. Compare and the legs and bill red: named from its note, k n"- 
to the corresponding Fuchslan group. K.. group, ftgroup COOK-A-BULLY*. ku'pat. 

ax4-B ko-kow'ai, ko-kau'al, n. [New Zealand.] Red ocher; a ku-kii^lu-a-e'o, ku-kfi"lu-a-'o, n. [Hawaii.] The stilt 

or linear substitutions represented by : -, a, )?, y, ana common native pigment, mixed for use with fish-oil or veg- < Btmaatopu* knudyent) . 

y x ~r etable oil. kn'me-ra, ku'me-ra, n. [New Zealand. 1 The sweet po- 

{ being Imaglnarles, and a5 - 0y = 1. kok'ra, kek'ra, n. [E. Ind.] The wood of an Indian tree tato. ku'ma-rat. 

klem'ent-lte, klem'gnt-ait, n. Mineral. An olive- (fepidoatactiyi* Roxburghii) of the spurge family (Euphor- kum'quat, n. [Additional phrases.] native kum- 
green hydrated aluminum and iron silicate that is found Macea), which Is largely used In the manufacture of mu- quat, an Australian tree (Atalantia alauca) of the rue 

klip- Nieiii-iie, Kiip'stuiii-uit, n. Mineral. A submet- is drunk, with the accoinpauinieuL ui vanuus quaiuL cere- ; ""* -".,... L^-.J - u.-." u ^..... fc -^,, ut ... ^.v 
alhc brown hydrated manganese silicate that occurs in monies, including that of the salamander. , * ra e covered with skins, used on the rivers in Persia. 

"__ r . r. f . _ _ . im. .. _?_ !._.. _ T. .^. . . . . If 11>_l1 i/lil><> L- fYl>.(l 1 1. ' tl'll ft 11 TAllctl-al 1 4 ^1,.,;. - 

genus .tfplipona, nearly related to the karbl, 


between the'iinc"of"drawers""'on~eithcr''slde o'f"a d'Sk; M-- 8t ' >. *? an( l U. ^ 1B ..,, ...,.,. ^. L ^ .. 

into which the knees of the sitter extend; also, a desk or twelfth. No. 43. j ySn dog, + (mron, urine.] 

table so arranged. k. sill, n. A disease that attacks the Ko-rah-tt'Ic, o. Uv-iin'rlii koi-niu'rin n rhtm A (-rvntalline anh 

Inlnfo tit cattli. lr .1. | rc> l,_ M r ~ 1,^. -I m ^'v ., rxT T i 1 n rui... ._,, * J liw _* **J _ _ Iilu I1 ", _ Oe7rt. ^1 uryuitlllliu] Buu- 

order to check Its movements. k.shole, n The space arc attributed no less than eleven of the Psalms (Nos. 42, k y"nil-re'nlc, kai'niu-rt'nic, a. Chem. Denoting an 

). and to tnesc some scholars add a acid (C 18 H, 4 NnO.,) derived from dog's urine. [< Gr. 

. . , . , . v-iinrii -nurn 

joints of cattle.- k.sknaps, n. p(. [Eng.l Leather caps ko-ri-raa'ko, ko-rl-ma'ko, n. [New Zealand.] The bell. ', "" oirfni'nable emeciftllv from 
worn over the knees by thatchers.-k.spunch, n. A bird (Antliorni* melanura). U 8t ',/ ,1" Smi m 

lugs from cylinders. ko"ro-ini'ko. ko'ro.mi'ko, n. [New Zealand.] J. Either ky-tom'i-tom, n. Same 

_ . elevated platform to keep 

* a 1 I--. --, ... me uiuc pcuBuni. goods out of reach of dogs and wild animals. 

ing of brandy or whisky, and a cordial, with the yolk of kor-ra'deee, n. Same as KORADJI*. laag'te, lag'tj, n. [S.-Afr. D.] A valley or glen; low or 

kor-re'ro, ker-rf'ro, n. [New Zealand.] A native council meadow land: found sometimes In names; as, Elandsfaotfk: - 

inick'er,n. [Additional senses.! 1. [Prov. Eng.] Agame or conference ; also, a conversation. te the valley of the eland 

in which stones are thrown somewhat as in the game duck kor"rmii-l)ur'rn. ker'um-bflr'a, n. [Austral.] Amuscid laap, lap, n. [Austral.] Same as LERP*. 

a = OKt; ell; Iu = fd, |^ = fntare; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ii.ik; so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,from; t, obtolete; t, variant. 
1g&~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main yocabnlary. 




lab'ey, lab'g, n. [Scot.) 1. A loose outer 

The skirt or lappet, as of a coat. 
l."bl-cho-re'a, IC'bi-corl'a or KTbi-c 

etor; squire. l..younUi-r;. - l.<nmrhnl. n. 1. A 

provincial marshal, -t. In Sweden, the presiding officer of 

tannTrv"^.^^"?'' f ',1 ' 
da - e ** ' 

garment. 2. pools; living in email pools. [< L. lacusculus, little 

Tbi-co re'a, n. A lad'der.cells", . pi. Scalarlfonn cells. 

convulsive stiffening of the lips in speech, causing stain- lad'dered. hid'cnf, a. 1. Provided with a ladder. 2t. 
mering: chorea Steed t/the ls [< L. fittm, Made into a ladder, 'as a rope. 

lip. 4- Ur. chortia, dance.] la"bt-o-cno-re'a; ; la"di-da', Wdl-du'. [Slang.] I. a. Affected; foppish. II. 
la"bl-o-co-re'a;. la"bl-cho-re'lf, a. n. A person of affected gentility; fop. 

lah'lle, a. [Additional sense.) Having a tendency to la'dles' to-bar'co. Any one of various plants of the 
glide from place to place- smoothly flowing or passing aster family ( Comjtoxitsel, commonly called everlasting, 

especially mouse=ear everlasting (Antainarifiplaittarji- 

nifMa) and si>ecie8 of the kindred genera Gnaphalium lalld'lorrt Nllip, laud leril snip, n. Ine position or 

authority of a landlord; landlordism. 

along. labile equilibrium, the condition of equilib- 
rluni i between a solid and its liquid at a temperature below 
the freezing-point of the llqufd; also, the equilibrium be- 

ing the land or Bowing through the land. -i. Open water 
along a frozen shore. 1.. wind, n. Same as LAM>. 

nn-da', lun-daz', n. [Philippines.] Aroadorway: a Ta- 

and AnunhalU. 



tween a liquid and Its vapor at a temperature above theia'dler lt"'dler n One who uses a ladle 
------- V --------- ,.....,''..__,__ __., --- , ------ iier, n. i 


lab"o-ra~lo'rl-al. lab-o-ra-M'rt-al, a. Of or pertain- ~AmVricantm*onheI^ 
ing to a laboratory. lab"o-ra-to'ri-ai.;. O f its species (L. apetala and L. re*ino*a) yield a balsamic 

la'bra-dor", lu'bra-dur", n. [Sp.] A laborer; peasant. resin which Is used as ft purgative. [< Jan van Laet, Dutch 

la-bur'miiii. n. [Additional phrases, etc.] [Austral. ]~na- naturalist.] 

live laburnum, same as CLOVER-TREK-. Neacoattt I., lie'lie, li'tlc. a. Hist. Pertaining to a certain class of bar- 
a tall hoary shrub (Soflfioratomentom). Called also void- bartons who paid tribute to the Iloman Empire for landa 
ciKchaiu. See SOPHORA. whlcb they cultivated within her borders. [< L. Isetus, 

lace, c(. [Additional sense.] Naut. To fasten with a foreign bondman.] 
lace or string; as, to lace a bonnet to the foot of a jib. la"gar / to a , n. [Sp. Am.] A lizard-fish (Trachinoceph- 

lace'bark*, . [Additional sense.] The New Zealand alus myops) of the western Atlantic, ground 7 * 
ribbon-tree. See ander RIBBON. Jace'wood"J; la'- spear*'! ng$. 
. \ in rl, la'ffeot, li'-'gen, n. An ancient north British measure for 

laee'ifern", n. A densely tufted delicate Californian liquids equal to seven quarts. 

lip-fern (Ckeilanthe* qra<Mlima\ with narrowly ovate- I*ag"er-strcE'ml-a, lag^r-strl'mi-a, n. Bot. A 
lanceolate, twice to thrice pinnatifid fronda 3 to 4 inches genus of tropical and subtropical Asiatic trees or shrubs 

land-oc'ra-oy, hind-ec'ru-sl, n. The class that rules by 
ownership of land: used in English politics. [< LAND* + 
Gr. krate\ rule.] 
In nil'tt-ci-ii i, //. One of this class. 

Laii-dol'phl-a, lan-del'fi-a, //. Bot. Agenueof shrubs 
or small trees of the dogbane family (Apocytiaceae), com- 
prising about 15 species natives of tropical and subtrop- 
ical southern Africa and Madagascar. They have oppo- 
site, ovate or ovate-lanceolate leaves and clusters of large 
white or yellowish fluwc,rs, for which several species are In 
ornamental hothouse cultivation. Several species, as L,. /Jo- 
rubber. [< Capt. LfiHdotfjfi, explorer in New Guinea.] 

Iam > 'st!inap"per, n. Ich. The red snapper. See SNAP- 

PKB, ., "2. 

lang'bein-lte, lang'bain-ait, n. Mineral. A greasy 
colorless potassium -magnesium sulfate (K a Mgn($O 4 ) 3 ), 
that crystallizes in the isometric system. [< A. Lang- 
bfin, of Germany.] 

I ,;i ji "uo-hii rMir, a. Same as LONGOBARDIAN. 

f nches 

long, and densely matted underneath with brownish 

woolly tomentum. 
lace'ipod", n. A small annual herb (Thysanocarpus 

curri/w) of the mustard family (Cructyerse) of western 

North America. 
la-cer'to, la-eer'to, n. Ich. A lizard-fish (Synodu* 

9aurtut) found on the southern coast of Europe. [< L. 

lacertm^ lizard.] 

of the loosestrife family (Lythracese), embracing about 
15 species. Several species, as L. Indica, the crape- 
myrtle, and L. Rcffinx. the jarool or Indian bloodwood, 
are cultivated in greenhouses. The root of the latter Is 
astringent, Ita bark, leaves, and flowers purgative, and ITH 
seed narcotic. [< Magnus von Lagerstrom, of the E. 
India Company.] 

la'^et'Ia, lu'get'fl, n. [Sp.] A tree, the West-Indian lace- 
bark. la"tret'tot 

lace'ry, les'ri, n. [LACE'RIES, pi.} Work lace-like in Jaa'aiu. lag'ln [Scot.] SameasLAGGKN. 
design. lairMujti", lag^-^ust*. I. a. Lagging or lingering till tin 

K't' 10 


lm 'r e rt*; 'fif 8 ^ ? , A , b K raid UBed m lacc - makin g : 

-, . 

I,H< h-iiairihi-M. lac-nan'thlz or -thes, n. Sot. A mon- la-KU'na, lu-gu'na. n. [-X 
otypic genus of herbsof the bloodwort family <//a>m<x/o- lak'a-tine, lak'a-tin, n 
racae). Known also as Gyrotheca. See BEDBOOT, 1. '" ^lithographic Inks. [Perh. < L. lac, milk or a 

*P- lai>no'8i8,"U/ii 1 ^""- PuUutl. Same as SATYEIABIS. 
ag"o-iiior'|>li(iuH, a. Same as LAOOMOBPHIC. 

' AS or-NK, pi.} [Sp.] A lagoon. 

, . . 

A white reducer used in prenar- 

liiii-iro(t'iy, lan-gfl'tl, n. [Hind.] A small piece of rloth 
worn as an apron by the natives of India, lan-fico'teei; 
lan-fto'ty?] lnn-Boo / tyt* 

laii-ttOM'ta, lan-ges'ta, n, [Sp.] A locust of the order Or- 

IjangM-dorffi-a, langz-dSrf'i-a, n. Sot. A genug of 
parasitic leafless, fleshy herbs of the order Balanophora- 
cese. [< G. H. van Langsdorff^ scientific traveler.] 

l,a n "u 11 (--(loc', IGu'gg-dec', n. [F.] Wine from the prov- 
ince of I.aiitfwdoc, France. 

lii'n i. IQ'n!, n. [Hawaii. ] A veranda or porch. 

In-ni^ta, la-nis'ta, n. [L.] Horn. Hist. One who trained 

lans'doivne, lanz'daun, n. In dress=goods, a light ma- 
terial, made of silk and wool mixed. [< Marquis of 

la n-t a'llo, lfin-tG'd5, n. [Sp.] Formerly, the governor of 
a province; an adelantado. 

hi n t;i-ni n'. | lan"ta-nin', -ntn', n. Chem. A white 

la n"ia-ni IM-'. i liittT crystalline compound contained 
in the common lantana (Lantana brasiliensie) and uaed 

'" ^ 

. S'i.n. 

>-"- "'" " [ Ad , dltional "J . & Zed. ^> found in Lake Champlam and the Great etAus..] b . 

A lacimate lobe or segment. l*Ke8 region. ot hottlc alld '| nser ,| ng ca ndfe in the Inverted neck.- 

la-cin'u-loe, la-sin'lu-los. a. Same as LAOINULATE. lake'.land", n. Same as LAKE-COUNTBT. lan'tern.flsh", . [Additional sense.] A fish of the fam- 

l l ac"lB-te'raa, las'is-tt'ma or lac'is-te'ma, n. Hot. A, -lake'lander, Iiy Myclophiilae.. 

genus of the lacisttmad family (Locistemoceitl and ita lakc -ib.<'eps"liead, re. left. The fresh-water drum laii'zon, tan'zon, n. [Philippines.] An edible fruit, the 

(Aplodinotus grunniens). sapodllla-plum. 

~ carry over to the next game the 
de in excess of the number necessary 

. ,. . , -, vert (raw cotton) into a felt-like web. 

ac"o-*om'l-dae, lac'o-sem'i-dl w -de, Enlom Ink'mus. lak'mus, n. Same as LITMCS. lap', rt. To pile up (hay) in small stacks. 

A family of lepidopterous insecte, the frenulum-losers la'la", Ifl'lQ', a. Ordinary; mediocre; [< LA, Interj. la-pac'llc, ia-pac'tic. I. a. Mildly purgative. II. 
including only two species, and closely allied to the Bom-, ,?';' ,, , ,,,, " A inild aperient. [< Or. lapoxis, evacuation of the 

[c. lal -P *? 1 '-, e P O-Jgl, . A disorder or defect in bowels.] 

seech. [< _Gr. laifo, talk 4- pat/iof, suffering.] Iap"a-ro8'co-py. lap'a-res'co-pi, n. Inspection and 

' Patkol. examination of the abdominal organs with an instrument 


, y e o e 

byctdx. COMSTOCK Study of Insect* ch. 18, p. 355. 
PUB. co. '05.] [<Gr. /o*w, tent, + sSma, boily.] 
' ' 

LA iS rI "i L - r ," r ?- dc y.", r .-l,. 
lo-Klob'ii-llii, lac-to-gleb m-lm n I. Same as 

P m "' the eary 

laiii'lu, lam'in, n. I. A lamina. 
metal used in astrology. 
m'l-nar-lte, lamin 

2 A thin nlate of I-ap'*a-na, lap'sa na. n. Hot. A genus of Old World 
' erect, slender, annual herbsof the aster family (Campori- 

-lac"to-rl-da'teoas. o. 

Lac-to'rlB, lac-to'ris, n. Bot. The mondtypic genus La r '', d ,'Jidn* io.T a 
pftheo<:torWa. Its only species, i. Fm,aiide3a,,a, I .mr.a'SR iamn-ln"n7 ? ",Er 
Is native In the Wand of Juan Fernandez. [< L. factor* lal ",? ?,V,?'a i : KV-. 

r '' d ' a8 .j AMPK * DID *- 

1 ^' "*",' 
Same as LAPS 

., . 

"" tmperatUre f mUk ' 
-r, . A bitter principle 
found in lettuce. 
l.-ru^n-lar. la-cu.'kla.lar. q. Of or pertaining to 

m 2 p h ^rA7T I c, t 1 h A 1 : rtVer8 Bn<1 bay8 ' D ' flt ' U - ' d -r f 'f 
d '^, [ Ad(iit 'o'>lnP<'<.nds,etc.] - land'.boc", . S^ 
?< A written Instrument that denotes ownership lark*, n. ^aul 
^ of"^^-^^".^^; ,fVf A jSSSU^g "SStW" "'' 

i-iie, niru UH, n. Mineral, bamc aspAGODiTE. 
L,ard"l-xa-l>al-a'<-o-ie, IQrd'i-za-bal-e'sg-t or-g'ce-e, 
n. pi. Bot. A small order of plants usually included in 
the barberry family (Iterberidacese). Its beet-known 
genera are Its type genus, Lardizabala, and AJteMa. Ltirtt 
SHr Mterii'itti Is an ornamental half-hardy climber from 
cnile with glossy evergreen leaves and drooping raceme* 
of purple flowers. See AKEBIA. 

ed", a. Pathol. With lungs unnaturally i 

t'gO, n. [Sp. Am.] A ring attached toasad- 
efther end, for the purpose of securing the 

A small boat 


Prone to abed trait; 

'^' T* 1 '* re ' * CC " 1: el mfint ' * r = OVCT- ' *' ht ' t = "g: >. machine, | = rmew;; net, nSr, atom- full rfile- bm burn- aisle- 
Cro^reference. U, word, in the Addend, are indicated b, an asteri.k (.). When no, followed by an arteri* the Terence is to th! mam voc.bu"ary 


lnr"ri-kin-ess', lar'I-kln-es', 71. [Austral.] A female lar- 

lar'ry*, Igr'I, n. [LAR'RIES, pJ.] Tumult; distraction. 

lar-va'ceoiis, Iflr-ve'shius, a. Masked or concealed: 
applied to diseases or their symptoms; as, larvaceous 
fevers; also, to a skin-disease which gives the fuce the 
appearance of a mask. [< L. larva* mask.] 

larvi-, Iflr'vi-. Denoting connection with or relation to 
larva: a combining form. lar'vi-cl"dal, a. Deadly to 
larva; larva-killing. lar'vi-cide, n. A mixture for kill- 
ing larva;. lar-vic'o-lous, a. Living within larvae. 
lar-vig'er-ous, a. 1. Generating or producing larvaj. 
2. Enveloped In a larval skin, aa the pup* of dipterous In- 

hi-r> ii'ira I. la-rin'gal, a. Originating in the larynx. 

la-ryn'fcic, la-rln'jlc, a. Same as LARYNGKAL, <i. 

la-sa'tfiie, lu-su'nye, 71. pi. [It.] Broad, flat macaroni for 

lash-kar', lash-kar' or lash'kur, n. [K. Incl.l Formerly, a 
body of native East-Indian troops; later, u force of Afridi 
soldiers. Compare LASCAR. 

la"i-o-car'poiis, las'i-o-colr'pue, a. Bot. Having 
woolly or pubescent fruit. [< Cir. fOffeM, hairy, -j- kar- 
/xw, fruit. ] 

las'i-on-ite, las'I-n-ait, n. Mineral. SameaswAVELLiTE. 

la*k'itm, Igsk'ing, a. Naut. 1. Sailing large or with 
the wiudon the quarter. 2. Blowing against or being on 
the quarter; blowing from any direction between beam 
and stern 

IHW'NO, vt. [Additional sense.] Mil. To haul (cannon, 
etc.) by means of lasso-harness. 

las'so, n. [Additional sense.] Same as LASSO-HARXBSS*. 

Ias'fto:liar"nes8, n. An appliance of warfare used on 
cavalry -horses to aid draft-horses in hauling cannon, 
etc., consisting of a girth with a lasso attached. 

Ia"ta', la'ta'j n. A religious hysteria known among the 
Malays of Java, which is distinguished by a continued 
utterance of unintelligible sounds, nervous muscular move- 
ments, and mental aberration. 

latch 1 , n. [Additional sense.] An attachment to the 
needle of a knitting-machine, which closes the hook, so 
that the loop may be drawn over it, 1 a tch'*c looser, 
n. The part of the latch-needle which shuts the latch, o 
that the fold of material can be pushed off the needle. 
l.:llfter, n. The part of the latch-needle which opens 
the latch when another fold Is to be taken up by the 
needle. I. >needle, n. A knitting-machine needle hav- 
ing a latch or hinged piece for the purpose of catching 
and holding each loop of the material while another IB 
taken up by the needle. l.*opener, n. Same as LATCH- 

latcb'ett 2 , lach'et. n. Ich. A. gurnard (Trigla cuculut). 

la'ten, le'tn, v. 1. 1. To belate. II. t. To grow late or 


lai'Vr-l-llo'ral, lat'er-i-flO'roJ, a. Blooming at the 
aide. [ < L. latus, side, + Jlos, flower.] lat"er-l- 

Iath'tnK*saw", n. A saw used in cutting laths of iron. 

IHI h'iiu^iuil", n. A hammer used by lathers, and pro- 
vided with a cutting edge for shortening laths. 

lath'y-rlc, lath'i-nc, a. Producing lathyrism; result- 
ing from the use of seeds of Lathyrus. See LATHYRISM. 

latli'y-rl 11, lath'i-rin, n. A bitter yellow extract of 
plante belonging to the genus Lathyrus. 

Lath'y-rus, lath'i-rus, n. Bot. A genus of plants of 
the bean family (Leguminosx) the vetchlings nearly 
allied to Vicia. Lathyrus odoratus* the sweet pea, and 
L. latifolius, the everlasting pea, are the best-known spe- 
cies. See VETCHLING and VICIA*. [ < Gr. lathyros* kind 
of pulse.] 

lat"i-fun'di-um, lat'l-fun'dl-um, n. [-A,pJ.l [L.] A large 
landed property; large estate. lat"i-fun'dl-an, a. Per- 
taining to latifimdia: possessing large landed property. 
!!-( in'i-i y, n. [Additional sense.] Roman citizenship. 
ifl-plan'tar, lat'i-plan'tar, a. Ornith. Having tarei 
ronnded behind; acutelliplantar. [< LATI- + PLANTAR.] 

lat"l-ta'tlou, lafi-te'ehun, 7i. The act or fact of 
hiding, as from a legal process. [< L. latito^ hide.] 

lat"i-tu'di-na-ry, Tat'I-tlu'dl-ne-n, Same as LATITU- 

La-to'iii-an. la-to'ni-on. I. a. Pertaining to Latona 
or to her children, Apollo and Diana. II. n. Apollo : 
with definite article. 

la-treu'tlc, la-tru'tic, a. S. C. Ch. Of or pertaining 
to 1 atria; latreutical. [< Gr. latreud, serve.] 

La-trtd'l-dfe, la-trld'i-dt or -dg, n. A family of per- 
coidean fishes with the lower pectoral rays simple, with- 
out subocular shelves, and with vertebrae like those of 
serranids. La'trls, n. (t. g.) [< Gr. latrie, servant.] 
lat'rl-dld, a. & n. fat'rl-dold, a. & n. 

lat'ro-blte, lat'ro-bait, n. A pink anorthite from Lab- 
rador. [< C. F. Latrcbe* the discoverer.] 

Lafro-dec'tng, lat'ro-dec'tus, n. A genus of spiders 
regarded aa very venomous, including the katipo; specif- 
ically [1-J, a katipo. [Appar. < Gr. latron, pay, + dek- 
to, received.] 

lal-ruiiVu-lnr, lat-run'kiu-lar, a. Rom. Ant. Of or per- 
taining to a game (Indus latrunculorum) resembling 
drafts or chess. [< L. latrunculus, chessman.] 

-latry, -olatry, suffixes. Worship ; service; devo- 
tion aa, idolatry, worship of images ; biblio/a^ry, 
worship of a book, or of the Bible; Grecolatry^ excessive 
regard for Greek culture: used also as an English forma- 
tive with purely English words: as, \ordolatry. [< Gr. 
latreia, worship, < latris, servant] 

lat'ter-moat, lat'er-mOst, a. [Kare.] Last; latest. 

lat'tlce, n. [Additional compounds.] lat'tlcesbar", 
n. BHdfffrbiatdtng, A bar belonging to a system of 
latticing. Libeain, l.iframe, n. Same as LATTICE 
OIRDER. Am. Mec.h. Diet. 

laud"a-iio'sln, j ISd'a-no'sin, -stn, n. Chem. A 

hiu<l a-iio'sin. f white crystalline compound (C-, 
H 3T NO 4 ), contained as an alkaloid in opium, and used in 
medicine. [< LAUDANUM.] 

Inud'rt-to-ri-ly, ISd'a-to-rl-ll, adv. In a laudatory manner. 

laud"Ufl-ca'tion, ISd'l-fl-ke'shun, n. [Rare.] The act of 
lauding or praising. 

Laud'lsm, ISd'lzm, n. [Rare.] The doctrine or policy of 
Archbishop Laud. See LAUDIAN. 

laud'lat 1 , led'ist, n. A writer of lands or songs of 

Laud'lat 1 , n. A follower of Land. See LAUDIAN. 

liiutfh-ee'. laf-t',n. [Rare.] The person laughed at: a word 
humorously formed on the model of consignee, referee. 

Iiinuh'ful, Iflf'ful, a, [Rare.] Laughing; merry; mirthful. 
an'mont-lte, n. A vitreous white to yellow or red hy- 



drated calcium-aluminum silicate (H 4 CaAl a 8i 4 Oi4), that takes the course which it can traverse in the shortest time. 
crystallizes in the monoclinic system and is a member of Foule*s law. the law that the heat developed In a con- 
the geolite family. [ < Gillet Laumont, its discoverer.] J\ ucto l r ( lfi Pnortfonal to the square of the current and to 
IUUIKT-, n. [Austral.] A flsh (Congroaadus subducens) ^ ' r j,'f )U ] i Ml ("ril -Ii ' V rc>< 

CHARLES'S LAW. Henry s law, the law that the ratio 
of the two concentrations is constant and independent of 
the pressure applied to the solutions of gases and liquids. 
Hooke's law of elasticity, ut tenmo ftic vi, as the 
extension so the stress. Jncobi's law, the law that in 
the operation of the electric motor for maximum rate of 
work, the motor must run at such a speed as to reduce the 
current to one. half that passing when the motor Is at rest. 
KirrhhofPs laws, laws relating to electric distribu- 
tion first defined by G. R. Klrchhoff, a German physicist: 
viz.: (1) The sum of all the electromotive forces In a closed 
circuit equals zero. If the electromotive force consumed by 
the resistance is considered as a counter-electromotive 
force, and the electromotive forces are all taken In a proper 
direction. (2) The algebraic sum of all the currents flow- 
Ing to a distributing point is zero. law'sbook", n. 1. 
A book containing laws. 2. A book treating of law. 
InwiFrenchj n. The corrupt French of English law- 

launch'er, Iflnch'e.r, n. One who launches. 

laun'dry-man, Iflu'dri-man, n. [-MEN,;;;.] One who 
owns, conducts, or is employed in a laundry. 

lau'rel, n. [Additional compounds, etc.] Alexandrian 
laurel. I. An ornamental evergreen shrub (Rwcun 
racemosus) from Portugal, a congener of butcher's-broom. 
ti, [Austral.] A lartfe, evergreen, tropical tree (Calopkyl- 
lum tnophyllum), found also In the East Indies. copse'* 
lau"rel, same as SPUROE-LAURKL. dianiond=leaf 1. 
[Austral.], an evergreen shrub (Pittoxporum rkombi- 
folium). dwarf 1., tho low or mountain laurel (Kalmia 
l<tti folia): as opposed to the great laurel. great 1. 
or bitf 1., the high laurel (Rhododendron, maximum): as 
opposed to the dwarf laurel. Japan 1., an ornamental 
shrub (Aucuba Japonica); also, other species of Aucuba. 
See AUCUHA and accompanying cut. l.icucrry, n. Same 
:L. l.thyme, n. Same as LACRESTINK. 

ascuKKKY-LAi-REi,. i.sthyme, n. same as LAURBSTINE. inwsr rencn, n. i ne corrupt VTencn or KUKIUD iaw- 
Moretou Hay 1., & tree ( Cry ptocarya Australia) of the books. lnw;Ijatiii, n. The mongrel and barbarized Latin 


laurel family (Laurace-ie). Known also as gray sassa- 
fras. native I. [Austral.] 1. A tree (Pittonporum un- 
ditl(ttttm). Called also mock: orange. 2. A Queensland 
tree (Panax elejjatw) of the ginseng family (Araliaceae). 
Called also light or white sycamore. 3. In Tasmania, 
an evergreen shrub (Anopterux glandiilosus) of the saxi- 
frage family (Saxifraffacete), cultivated In greenhouses. 
pale I., mum: as SWAMP- LAUREL, 1. seaside 1., a trop- 
ical shrub (Xylophylla latifolia) of the spurge family (Eu- 

!au / relst'ain / 'phor, 71. Same as LAURINOL. 
au'rel-shlp, 18'rel-shlp, n. Same as LAUREATESHIP. 

Lau'rence, MS'rgns, n. Idleness; laziness: figurative 

La w'rence, ( use of a personal name. Laurence bids 
wages, Idleness has attractions. [Perh. < Lazy Law- 
rence, popular tale of the 17th century.] 

laii-rlN'llr, 15-ris'tic, a. Chem. Pertaining to a mono- 
basic acid derived from the fat of pichurim- beans 
known as pichuric, lauric, or laurostearic acid (C 1S H 34 
O a ). [< L. lauriSi laurel.] 

lau'tlte, 18'tait, n. Mineral. A native mechanical 
mixture of arsenic (CuAsS) with a mineral nearly re- 
lated to enargite that crystallizes in the orthorhombic 
system. [< L. lantm, bright, splendid.] 

laut"ver-schle'bung, lauffer-Bhi'bung, n. PMlol. See 

. . 

of old English laws and law-books. la wslord, n. 1. In 
England, a member of the House of Lords who has won 
distinction as a judge or lawyer, and Is competent to deal 
with the judicial business of the House. 2. In Scotland, 
a judge wno has by courtesy the title of lord. Iaw*lurd* 
snip, ?!. law of gyration (Meteor.), a law which at- 
tributes to wind-changes a tendency to assume the same 
direction as the apparent diurnal motion of the sun. law 
of leant action, as modified by MivupertuJs, Euber, and 
Lagrangc, Format's law constituting the celebrated law of 
leant action, which h:is played so Important a part In all sub- 
sequent Investigations in mathematical physics. law of 
maximum efficiency, see SIEMENS'S LAW*. law of 
maximum work, see JACOIU'S LAW*. laws of suc- 
cessive contacts. 1. The law that when several metals 
form a contact scries the potential difference between the 
extreme members of the series Is the same as If these metals 
were In direct contact. 2. The law that when a series of 
metals all at the same temperature forms a closed circuit, 
the algebraic sum of the potential differences In that circuit 
is zero: and hence there can be no current through the cir- 
cuit. Malua's law, the law that if the angle between 
the planes of incidence on the two mirrors be Intermediate 
between and 90 the Intensity of the radiation reflected 
from the second surface will be found to vary as the square 
of the cosine of the angle between these two planes. 
moral law, the divinely prescribed law regarding moral 

GRIMM'S LAW. under LA wj, n. conduct;" the' law of rlgKtf especially, the decalogue I and 

La-vaii'du-la, la-van'dm-la, n, Bot. A genus of Old other moral precepts of the Mosaic code, as distinguished 

World perennial herbs, shrubs, or undershrubs or the from the ceremonial and civil features of that code. 

mint family (Labiatx), natives of the Canaries, the Med- Newton's law of gravitation, the law that every 

iterranean regions, and eastward. It includes about particle of matter attracts every other portion of matter, 

20 specie,, many.of which are cuHivated for various va!ua- ^he^e^^tween^em U Proportional to ^je product 

_. ipecles, many __ 

ble properties. See LAVENDER*, n. [< LAVENDER*.] 

la'va'atreak", n. A dike of lava interaecting other 

La- va'tr r-a, la-ve'tgr-a or -vg'te-ra, n. Bot. A genus 
of Old World herbs or shrubs of the mallow family ( Jfo/- 
vacege), comprising about 30 species. The tree- or sea- 
mallow (L. arborea) Is the best known. [ < Lavater, name 
of two physicians at Zurich.] 

la-va'tlon-al, la-ve'shun-al, a. Of or pertaining to la- 
vatlon or washing. 

la v "a-lo'rl-a I . lav'a-tO'ri-al, a. Of or pertaining to a 
lavatory or to washing. 

lav'en-der 1 , n. [Additional phrase.] native laven- 
der [Tasmania], a tree (Stypbelia Australia) of the epa- 
crld family (Epacridaceee). 

la-ven'du-lan, la-ven'diu-lan, n. Mineral. A 
greasy blue hydrated cupric arsenic (Cii|(A8O 4 ) a .i2U a O), 
that occurs in amorphous masses. [< LL. lavendula, 


lave net. A net used in salmon-fishing on sands in shal- 
low water. 

la'ver 1 , n. [Additional sense.] The baptismal font; 

lav'er-lckjav'er-ic, n. [Western U.S.] A man; fellow; 
usually a stranger; tenderfoot: a term of slight contempt. 

la-vln'1-a, la-vin'i-a, n. A nymphalid butterfly, the 
peacock- butterfly. [< L. Lavin^a^ wife of ..Eneas.] 

lav'ro-vlte, lav'ro-vait, n. A variety of pyroxene col- 
ored green by vanadium. lav'roftXet; law'ro- 
w'HJ. DANA Mineralogy p. 216. [j. w. '90.] 

lav'y, lav'i, n. [Scotch.] A guillemot. 

law 1 ,??. [Additional sense.] An allowance made or a start 
given to a competitor in a race or to a hunted animal; . 
hence, mercy; forbearance; reprieve. 

Though apace and law the stag we lend. 
Ere hound we slip or bow we bend. 

SCOTT Lady of the Lake can. 4, rt. 30. 1. 16. 

apart. Newton's laws of motion. 1* The law that 
" every body continues In its state of rest or of uniform mo- 
tion In a straight line, unless it be compelled by Impressed 
force to change that state." 2. The law that "change of 
motion la proportional to the Impressed force, and takes 
place in the direction of the straight line In which the force 
acts." 3. The law that " to every action there IB always an 
equal and contrary reaction, or the mutual actions of any 
two bodies are always equal and oppositely directed." 
Pascal'a law, the law that fluids transmit pressure 
equally in all directions. Siemens's law, the law that 
the efficiency of the electric motor is the nearer unity the 
greater the ratio of the counter-electromotive force de- 
veloped by the motor itself to that supplied to It by the 
generator. Snell's law, the law that the sine of the 
angle of refraction bears a constant ratio to the sine of the 
angle of Incidence for all angles of Incidence, the value of 
the ratio depending on the nature of the two media at the 
surface of separation between which the refraction takes 
place, and also on the nature of the Incident light. 
Stefan's law of radiation, the law that the quantity 
of heat lost by radiation Is proportional to the fourth power 
of the absolute temperature. Hubntantive law, a law 
defining or creating rights: distinguished from adjective 
law*. Torricelli s lawn. 1. The law that the speed 
with which a liquid Issues from an orifice Is the same as 
that which would be produced In the mass by falling freely 
from the same height, ij. The law that this speed Is di- 
rectly proportional to the square root of the " head " or the 
depth of the orifice below the surface. 3. The law that 
since the speed of efflux Is Independent of the particular 
liquid used, It follows that all liquids issue under the same 
head with the same speed. Volta's law, see VOLTA'S 
LIST, under LiHT 1 *. VVntt's law, the law that when two 
vessels containing the same liquid at, different tempera- 
tures are connected, the vapor pressure which Is Identical 
In both of them is the pressure corresponding to the lower 

a'wine, n. Same as LAUWINE. 

aw'man, n. [Additional sense.] A lawyer. 
lawned, ISnd, pa. Wearing lawn sleeves; hence, of or 
pertaining to the office or rank of a bishop, lawn'* 

I, adv. [Rare.] After the manner of a bishop; 

adjective law, the law defining or creating the means t- //,. lin'H 
of enforcing rights: distinguished from substantive laif>*.~ ,i*r -rtf in. 
administrative law, that branch of public law defl- , rauuuiy. 
ning or creating the way in which the active exercise of the }awii'*meet", n. A meet of a hunt upon a lawn, 
powers of government is maintained and conducted.- Ar- lawi'*par"ty, n. A party held upon a lawn. 
" i law, the law that when radiation is partly reflected lawn'ssleve", n. Same as LAWN*, 3. 

vatf ons by Tamin "have shown "that Brewster's law Is only such as may be recognized or dealt with by a court oflaw. 
exact for substances for which/* is about 1.46. Con- law'yer, n. [Additional sense.] The _ mangrove. 

I. mill's law of electric charges, the law that the 
mutual force exerted by two charged bodies Is directly pro- 
portional to the product of their charges, and inversely 
proportional to the square of the distance between the bod- 
ies. Coulomb's law of maffuetism, the law that 
the force F, exerted between two poles of strengths in and 

i 1 , Is given by the equation F = 

A 1 , where r is the dts 

snapper. See SNAPPER. law'yerscane", l.*palm, or 

l.tvine, n. [Austral.] A strong climbing palm ( Calamus 
Australia), hundreds of feet In length, and less than an inch 
In thickness, whose long leaves, covered with spines, with 
Its tendrils, many of them more than a rod In length, and 
similarly covered, make It a terror to explorers. 
n x 'i MII, lax'lzm, n. The doctrines of the laxists. 
ax'i-tude, lax'i-tiud, . [Rare.] Same as LAXITY. 


.te(Pb(Pb,0)(Cr0 4 ) 1 . 
" lie sys- 

mass of an element he multlplfed by Its specific heat when lay, v. [Additional phrases.] to lay abroad (Arch.\ to 

In a solid state. Faraday's laws. 1. The law that exhibit for view or display before the eye; spread or dlstrlb- 

the quantity of an electrolyte decomposed Is proportional ute about; scatter. to lay by [Additional sense.] [Col- 

to the quantity of electricity which passes. *,. The law loq., Southern U. S.], to complete (and hence discontinue) 

that the mass of any Ion liberated by a given quantity of the cultivation of a growing crop; as, to lay by cane. to 

electricity Is proportional to the chemical equivalent mass lay In. [Additional senses.] 1 . To tuck In or gonnand- 

of the ion. Pechner's law, a variation of Weber's law. Ize; eat greedily or voraciously; eat largely and hastily. *2. 

made by GustavTheodor Fechner, called the "law of inten- Hort. To adjust In suitable position; also, to train (the 

slty," stating that the Intensity of a sensation varies direct- branches of wall-trees). 3. To give a first rough coloring 

ly as the logarithm of the stimulus. Fermat's law, the to (a painting). 4. To administer; let loose; discharge. A. 

law enunciated In 1667 by Fermat that In all cases light Mining. To close or withdraw from work: said of collieries. 

an = out; ell; lu = feud, |Q = future; c = k; church; dh = th&\ o, sing, ink; so; thin; zh = azure; F. bo A, d iine. <,/rom; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
C^~ Cross-references to words in the Addend* are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


Co lay on. [Additional senses.] 1. Ayr. To acquire; I.-atrap, 'i. A leadlnx-c haln, or lead. I. through. In 
g*tn (In flesh or weight >. 2. Printing. To prepare for the whist, the playing of a card tluit Is not beaten by one's left- 
press, or place In suitable position upon the press: said of hand adversary. 1. up to* in whiM, the playing of a card 
paper 3. To place upon the trail; Instruct in the Inner that Is taken by one's right-hand adversary. 
workings; depute. lead'man?, led'man, n. A plumber or artificer In lead. 

lay, 7i. I Additional compounds, etc.! ly'board", n. leaf, n. [ Additional sense. ] 1 . [Anglo.. Ir.] The brim of a 
-- ~ J - j -- *- lay* hat. . Wearing. The sum total of beddles connected by 


leased for mining purposes. MORRIS Austral Enylinh. 
lease'ibaiid", H. Wearing. One of the bands of the 
warp above and below which the threads are alternately 
placed. 1. in perpetuity [New Zealand] (Law), the 
leasing of crown land for a period of 999 years at a rental 
of 4 per cent, of Its value, the actual valuation remaining un- 

[Scot. A Dtal.l An Ironing-board used by tailors.- lay. hat. 2. Weaving. The sum total of heddles connected by changed. 

by, n 1. Still or sluggish river-water where barges out the same shafts and operating at the same time. leaf* leas'inKscorn", n. "beat obtained by gleaning. 

of commission can be laid by. 2. Anything laid by; partlc- bear"inff, a. Having appendages not unlike a leaf : said least' 'darf'er, tt. Ich. A very small percoid fish 

ularly, money or earnings saved; cash savings. laycom- particularly of PAyitoaocidB, a family of errant annelids, (Sficromrca punctulata) of streams tributary to the 

ularly. money or earnings saved; caahaa. . . , 

m union, n. /': 1. The communion of the laity at the 

!"!!HfeLff el ! h< LM' d f 'PS*?"/ S, rm "' b r, r 3*. . f .!!. a - Ureat Lakes. 

fitonoridir. l'.iTeareA't a. Sort. Reared from a 
as distinguished from a cutting or a seedling. I. 

A root which forms the parent plant for 

finds Its staple food In the leaves of plants. l.iffap v 
A severance In the fiber of a plant, due to the presence or 
projection of a leaf-bud. l.igold, n. [Rare.] Native 
gold In the form of thin layers or leaves. l.^oppoxed* a. 
Bearing opposite leaves. I. (plant* n. A plant the dls- 

layer as _ 

-KM. I, n, 

a layer. 
lajrVred. Wfird, pa. Arranged in or partitioned into 

layers; streaked iu or as with layers; given a layerlike 

lay'lng, n. [Additional compounds, etc.] lay 'Ing* 

house", n. A rope-factory, or nulldlng In which rope Is 

manufactured or In which the laying of ropes takes place. 

I. (machine, n. A machine used for twisting yarns Into 
strands, or these Into ropes. I, ton cable, a tattle holding 
paper, from which a prfn ting-press Is fed. l.*on tool, a 
bookbinders' tip, or Implement for applying gold-leaf to 
the edging or covering of a nook. I. (tool or M rowel, n. 
A flat Iron trowel used by plasterers In laying and smoothing. 

la'za r, a. Loathsomely afflicted; also, figuratively, foul; 

unclean; leprous. 
la'/.ii r. n. [Additional compounds.] In'/.nr^hnunt"- 

IT. n. A frequenter of lazar-houses, orasaoclate of lazars. 

l.-hou-f, n. A lazaretto. Vlllo 1V 

laz"a-ret' fe/ver. Pathol. A low fever suffered by the learage, n. [Additional senses.] 1. L 
inmates of lazarettos where the air is overloaded with way of decoration, or the reproduction of leaves in art 
the exhalations of patients foliation. 2. [Rare.] Compress. 

laz'er-a, laz'er-a, n. A silaroid fish ( Clarias lazera) of thin sheets or lamina?; lamination. 
^ T * a i!i* I hA^ r i? an r ?c er ?" o leaf er-y, lif'gr-i, n. Foliage; leafage. 


mouse, n. A bat. I. titled minnow, a ti-h , /,< //.-. 

attcise) of the carp family in the Great Basin of I'tah and 

Wood river, Idaho. 1.( wing, n. A bat. 1. ovin Bed, a. 

Possessing a wing-membrane not unlike leather: said of 


sath'er-wood'*, n. [Additional sense.] The Tasma- 

flowering plant. I. .red, n. The red coloring-matter of nian pinkwood (Eucryphia Billanlieri). 
leaves In autumn. See ERYTHROPHYL. l.sroHette, n. leave, rt. [Additional phrase.] to leave over, to leave 
An assemblage of leaves so clustered as to give the appear- for future use or consideration. 

ance of a rosette. l.*gcale, H. A scale which, growing leave'* break "or. n. One who violates a leave of 
upon the stem of a plant, subsequently develops into a leaf absence; specifically (Naut.), ft sailor who breaks his 

l.tnOll* ft. Gallic Its LK.\ 1- -MOLO. l.:I;llllf, ". A laole l^nvo nf n huAn*>*> 

constructed with removable leaves. See TABLE-LEIF, under . le J 1 -"' ., - 

TABLE. I. bailed, a. Formed with a leaf-slmped tall: lea'will. It wil, n. [Austral.] Same as LISAXGLE* 
panicularly said of certain gecconold lizards.- 1. *ten- le-bran'cno, le-brfln'cho, n. Ich. A mullet (Jfugtl 
dril, n. Bui. A tendril which Issues from a plant as ap- brasiliensis) of the Atlantic coast of America: so called 
purtenant to the leaf rather than to the stem, and dlstln- _ at Havana, ll'sa*; gue'rl-mallt. 

??, dish.] 

1. Leaf-designs by lec"a-no'rate, lec'a-no'rgt, n. Chem. A salt of lee- 
way of decoration, or the reproduction of leaves in art; anoric acid. See under LECANORIC. 
foliation. 2. [Rare.] Compression or reduction into lech, lee, n. Arckeol. The crowning stone of a cromlech, 

or some other ancient sacred or monumental stone. [< 
W. llech, flat stone.] 

formed In land by the process of percolation. 

A tank In which metallic ores are leached. white 

tank, n. league. lec'tuf-er-ship, lec'chur-er-shlp, n. fRare.l Same ai 

eag'uer 1 , n. [Additional sense.] A resident agent or am- LECTURESHIP. 

A leach of Islnglasa strongly flavored with almonds. bassador: also used attributively. Compare LEDGER, n., 4 lec'tur-ette", lec'chur-et" n A 

leach', n. A savory preparation of eggs and sliced meat leag'lier 3 , ?i. A cask of large dimensions, commonly discourse. 

atmous form and flavored with almonds or used for wine and arrack, or other distilled liquors; also. lec"y-t!H-da'ceou, les-i-thi-de' 

little lecture; short 

served in ge! 

spices and fruits. [< F. Itchf, slice.] 

, es-i-thi-d8'shius, a. Bot. Of, 
pertaining to, or resembling the Lecythitiaceae. [ < Or. 
lekithos, yolk.] 

, -_ ,., uuu Knjukiur,. led''cap''laln, n. A paid follower; dependent; hired 

lead', n._ [Additional senses.] 1 . Bowling. The right Ie , a ^.'. a .? e 5, < ? !J- < ?!? o __' aIlo : The reciprocal of electric ^ champion. 

a species of water-tank formerly existing in battle-ships. 

MM 1 . . [Additional phrases.] to lead away, same leak, n. [Additional sense.] Electric leakage See 
as TO LEAD ASTRAY.- to I. on, to draw on or tempt, under LEAKACE 

to play first. 2. Curling. (1) The player who opens 
the game. (2) The stone with which the play is thus 
opened. (3) The course pursued by the stones in play. 
3. Anything which leads. Specifically: (1) A dog-chain. 
(2) A pathway. blind lead, a blind alley. See BLIND, 
a., 7. lead'ibar", n. A swing-bar to which are fastened 
the slde^straps of a leader In a four-in-hand. l.shorac, ". 
A horse to which a leading-rein is attached. I, >reliiH, " 
pi. The reins by which the leaders in a drag are driven. 

comb, which tends todye the hair. lead';foot", . Slow- 
pacing: heavy; slow. I., light, n. Adlamond-panad win- 
dow. See LEAI>>, n., S (4). Also used attributively. I. 
marcnHite (JftMro!.), a native zinc sulnd <ZnS>, Iden- 
tical with sphalerite and called by miners blende and 
mock lead or mock ore. I. plaxter* lead soap or diach- 
ylon. I. *reeve, n. Mining. An officer before whom ae- 
(crieved miners lodge their complaints. 1. KiiKar, a coi 

leakage, which determines the extent of imperfect in- led'er-ltc, led'er-ait, n. Mineral. A brown variety of 
sulation. titanite. [< Baron Lederer, Austr. consul, d. 1842.] 

eal,od, [Scot.] 1. In a loyal spirit; with loyalty. 2. ledg'er, n. [Additional sense.] The nether millstone. 

5 Cemllnclv r faiT' 'l fl P recl lon or accuracy. CaM also ledgeronlllstone and ledger.stone. 

earn,' tl.' \. \drfltlona* senses.] [ Dial., Eng] I. ( To lcd s'; 'cj'it, n. A projecting slip, as for memoran- 
uncase or remove from a shell or hull: said of nuts. II. i , dum - attached to a leaf of a book. [< LEDGER.] 
To become freed from the shell. leal-, a combining form used in chemistry to denote 

earn", n. [Additional sense, l [Dlal.,Eng.] Acutortrench combination with or derivation from ledum. See LEDUM. 
earn', n. [Dial., Kng.) The shell or hull of a nut. leditnnnic acid, a tannic acid prepared from the wild 

~ il.,T5ng.] A ripe nut. ready to be cracked rosemary (Ledum pnlualre). See under BOSEMAKT. led"- 
iell. brown leanier, a large i \-n n'l bin. /-. A product of the boiling of ledltannlc 

acid with sulfuric or hydrochloric acid 

. . [Additional sense.] A rapid or fall in a river lee'.. [Additional sense.] Oeol. Same as LEE SIDE. See 
especially one up which salmon leap in the breeding-sea- . u <ter LEE, a. leaj. 
son. by leaps and bounds, with estraordinarv and let ''"""Sfle.., ! '.< S'. [AborlRlnal Austral] A heav^ 

J.." ... wftr-clllll with the l)f!ld llonr tn n uhano ,rlnci Him o Tnlniirfl' 

war-cluD, with 

a miners' 

,p^.ofLEAP^. [Additional compounds, etc.] 

H'ell 1 , n. The inner part of a fleece, next the skin. 
ech'er-y, lich'er-I, n. [Rare.] The science or practise of 
medicine. [< AS. Ixc.e, peril. < lac, medicine.] 
?ecli'^law", lich'-glas", n. A glass for holding and 

professes sudden conversion to Christianity .-I., day, n. 
Any intercalary day introduced into the calendar; specific- 
ally, In modern times, the extra day In February added 

pound formed by the action ^^of'atmospherlc'o'xygen' upon ' v f"T lca P->' ear - 

brass. l.iwnnh, n. Same a> LEAD.WATEB. f., white, 

n. Same as WHITE LEAD. l.iworlt. n. Plumhiti^ niutc- 77 ?,^"* yM.M..wiri> im- .-iiunuim uucuu 

with building! ud OMse-decoratlon. particularly as applied jerboa or jumping hare. leap'ing = head 

'er of the horn-like projections, or pommels, on a lady's *^w -, n^. vm, n. wi/ierut. A iinxmre 01 can; 
saddle, upon which she presses her left knee In leaping. |. and barium sulfates, from Leeds, whence the name. 
{""nt. l-'on Htone. a mounting-block; horse-block. lock 1 , n. [Additional phrases 1 native leek [Aus- 
l. Hpider. same as JUMPTNO SPIDER. See under JUMPING *""' ' "-'-*" '""- -....A ^ _*i^ _,.,_. .... , r,__. 

; utterance; 

i tale 

to glazing. 

Irad'age, Itd'gj. n. The distance coal must be hauled 
from the mine to its place of shipment. Compare LEAD', 

.t, f*, accord; e. e m,nt, s r = OV.T, ght, = Moge; tin, machine, g = r,ew; obey, no; n.t, nr, at^m; full, rfi!e; but, bBm; alU; 
word, to the Addend, are Indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an arterisk'the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

legalistic 2153 lieutenant 

le'gal-lnt'lc, Ifgal-ist'ic, a. Of, pertaining to, or . . . Almost anykind of deposit may beformed originally as lel-li'un. let-ti'ga, n. [It.] A kind of sedan-chair carried 

characteristic of a legalist or legalism *ltnttclc. J. E. MAAB Prtnctptts of Stratigrapltic Otology on long poles by two mules and Keating two persons facing 

Ie-Bul'1-ty, u. [Additional sense.] LSlang, Eng.] A gam- p - each other. In-ti'gatt Ict-ti'cat. 

v .r tt-io n-ui, leg u-iu ri-ui, a. VJI or peruuumg wj a Lttiij^aiiuu. i r iwu. <^ a. \^. vuu i/eww/ uf, n* Jeig.j ' eu suues anu isruiBii America. lei'l lice:! ret' , 

legator or a legacy. le'oii-Ite, ll'en-ait, n. Mineral. A vitreous white to " A tree (Pimuiii morimiifouat of the four.o'clock fam- 

leg"en-da'rl-aii, lej'en-dg'ri-an, n. Ecd. One who yellow hydrated magnesium-potassium sulfate (MgK. " v ("irefaffimacwy) common in gardens of southern and 

regards portions of the Scriptures as legendary. (8O 4 V4H,O), that crystallizes in the monoclinic system. westl 'rn India. Its leaves are usedjuelc plmnthisls.- I., 

leg'end-ed, lej'end-gd, a. 1 . Marked by a legend or le-on'lo-dln, le-en'to-din, n. A brownish compound m ial < C'lttutonia verfoWiia) of the^'pacif'e'Vriil'uii uf N^rtii 

inscription. 2. Made the theme of or told in legends; obtained from the root of the dandelion ( Taraxacum America, a congener of the spring-beauty of the eastern 

legendary. offlcinale), and used in medicine as a tonic, diuretic, and United States. tall blue 1., Lacttica letu-oph&H mmtaata 

lee'sill", . A disease of sheep, causing lameness. [M.] aperient. [< LEONTODON.] le"u', le'u", n. [LE'I, pi.} A Rumanian silver coin, tbe 

le-ffit'i-ma-ture, le-jit'i-ma-churor -tiQr, n. An office Le"o-iiu'rus, li'o-niu'rus or le'o-nu'rus n Sot A 1 equivalent of the franc. See In table under COIN. 

held by legitimate claim or title. genus of Old World erect herbs of the mint family (La- leu<'ht"en-bcrg'ltc, leint'en-barg'ait, n. Mineral. 

leg"i-tlm'l-ty, lej-i-tim'i-ti, n. [-TIES, pi.] Legitimacy, biatse), with cleft, parted, or lobed leaves and crowded A light-colored variety of clinochlore that contains little 

le'go, le"uB, n. [Sp.l 1. A layman, -t, A lay brother, as whorlsof small flowersin theiraxils Of about 10 known or no iron and resembles talc. [< Duke Maximilian von 

in a monastery; a person admitted for the service of a re- species, three are naturalized In the United States, of which Leucttienberg .} 

Ilgious body. The term leao Is especially applied by the the common motherwort (L. Viinlinai) Is the best known, leuco-, combining form. [Additional terms.] leu"co- 

frmrslnthcPhi wlnestoanunordalnedbrothcrofanorder See MOTIIERWORT, 1. I < Gr. lemi, lion, -t oura, tall.] ci'din, n. A toxin for leucocytes, or white Tjlood-cells, 

employed as bailiff on corporation lands. leop'ard, H. [Additional compounds, etc.]- leop'ard. destroying or dissolving them.- leu"co-cy"to-pe'ni<-, 

leg 'Ofnuul'ton, a. Shaped like a leg of mutton; as, mnck"er-el, . A common comhrid Bah (teomJw'feop- a. Pertaining to the decreased number of leucocytes In 

a leyoj -mutton sleeve. lefj=of'inutton school, Grub araus Shaw. Cybtum interriiptiim Cuv.) of India 17. the Wood. See LEUCOPENIA*. Ien"co-cy-tot'ic, a. Of 

street scribes and Impecunious authors whose encomiums shark, n. The cat.shark. See under CAT. l.stree, rt or pertaining to leucocytes. leu"co-cy-tu'ri-a, ri. Thc 

of patrons, In verse or prose, were penned In anticipation Same as SPOTTED-TREE. See under SPOTTED. Called discharge of leucocytes In the urine. leu"co-ly'sin, n. 

of some direct reward. also In Queensland sometimes prickly pine. A definite cytotoxin found In scrum, first obtained by Met- 

I.e-gou'zi-a. le-gu'zl-a, n. Same as SPECVLARIA. le'o-poltl-ite, li'o-pold-olt, n. Mineral. Same as SYLVITE schnlkoff from Inoculations of guinea-pigs by emulsion of 

' kraal-like pen for Lep''ar-Ky-rie'a, lep'flr-gi-rt'a or -r6'a, n. Hot. Same the spleen of rats, which destroys white blood-corpuscles. 

as SHEPHERDIA. Called also leucotoxin. leu "co-mel'a- nous, . 

Irg'plek, leg'plek, n. [S.Afr. D.] A 

_:] mna l v nnMonal *""' **F"]" '""" c =i >"> l-tuuxmisv-iuu;, JICUUIUUKU- sal: SO 

" 'r^T"^ jrhennV " rf - etc - C< Gr. lepvi, scale, + eidos, shape.] leuko-, combining form. Same a. . 

I,. ",'t,iinar ] ,\a' minnrn nf nr libo io<n, - lep'1-dold, o. & n. lev, (lev, liu, n. A silver Bulgarian current coin of the 

?- wn "rm"" n iline a?cuEA'w?RH legume. r jep "'i.da ! , n. pi. fferp. Same as AMPHISB^- le w", f value of the franc. 

le'l" le'i n ' I'liiral of IFF- See TARI F nv rnnn nndpr . NID ^--lcP"<-<lo-stern'oid, a. & n. le-va'da, le-vo'da, n. [Pg.] J . A trench or furrow, as In 
i.iei, n. t DILEU. see TABLE OF COINS, under lep-rol'o-gy, lep-rel'o ji , n. The branch of medical fields, 'i. A run or mill-race; also, a canal. [Sp., Pg , < L 
leiJ W t, FHawalll A <rrlnrt. wreath science that pertains to the treatment of leprosy. [< Gr. leva, raise.] 
iei; i<-, n. inawan. | Aganana, wreatn. lenrft leper -(--LOGY! lel>-r< "" ~ 

" 9 '"f A e u1t?i8'] S l?Th"e C Indian mulberry -lepsla, I suffixes. Derived from 

/'alim-l a^o,\ " .. J , T^ alnnov. ( nawl in nntlmlncrv tn, u.^,^,, 

^ e l 

lelo-, I loi'o-. Derived from Greek leios, smooth: and smaller heads, as In i. Canailennts, the b 

Ho-, (combining forms, lei "o-der'ma- tous, a. usually known as Erineron Canailensts. lew 3 , n. See^isv-. 

Smooth.sklnned; Tience, figuratively, thin-skinned; sensl- lep'thi-He, lep'tln-aft, n. Same as QRANULITE. lep'- leiv'ls-Ite, liu'is-ait, n. Mineral. A vitreous yellow 
tlve: opposed to pachydermatous lei"o-iler'mi-n, n. tyn-itej. to brown calcium titanite and antimonate(2(Ca.Fe)TiO,,. 

Med. Abnormally smooth or glossy skin seen In some lepto-, lept-, combimnfj forms. [Additional terms.] af'afsho 1 i that crvstnlli'/ps in the ianrnptrir- mm^tan r^- 
cutaneous affections.- lei"o-my.o'ma, n. Same as ftp"to-der'mic, a. Anat. Itelatlng to the thinness or w T isometric system. ].< 

LIOHYOHA. fineness of the skin. L.cp"to-na'ce-a, n. pi. Conch. , ,,' *' "'','{, 

n-a-ce-ie, iaii-nrri-e'sg-1 or -Q-ce-e, n. pi. '"""-. r.jj-.- 11 i . vt Nau(. A day on which some of a ship's crew are at liberty 

Bot. An order of plants the corkwood family inter- lies'ol-an, a. L Additional phrases.] Lesbian love, to go ashore. l.aicket, n. Nnut. A paper giving the 

usra.a rMMtonootheue amly " satc speces, see APAN CLOVER. 
(Ruuicex), with a globular fruit about half an Inch In diam- [< >- Letpetlez, Span. gov. of Honda.] 

ll'bra-rv n FAdditional Dhrasei 1 home lihrarv a 


. . , . 

lemon-plant. 1.> walnut, n. The white walnut or butter- 'ornian herbs of the aster family (tomimitse), with pro- They have generally tall, straight, slender stems with very 
nut. I. < wood, n. A New Zealand tree (Piuoxporum eu- cumbent branching stems, and solitary terminal yellow hardwood, large, simple, entire^ leathery leaves, and ter- 
genioitlex), the hedge-laurel or tarata. sweet I., a Euro- flower-heads, whose florets are all tubular, the ray-florets mlnal clusters of small flowers. The hard and gritty bark of 
pean species (Citrus Lamia) whose oblong yellow-rlnded being larger than the others some species Is burned by the natives and used in the making 

f r > u jH W , lth f Cllrvcd P? lnt " ver Y 9wcct Pi'lp.- wild 1. les'Bive, les'lv, n. A mixture of lye, soap-suds, etc., for ot pottery, whence some species are known as pottery 
(Additional sense) [Austral.], a tfmlter-tree (Crtntfiiiim washing trees. L. rjuitinenKtt! Is called Cayenne rose, Cayenne sas- 

liitjfoUum) of the madder family (SuMacex). Called also ] es 'tc, Tes'te, n [Sp 1 A dry east wind bearin" dust safras, and pepperwood. [< native name culignia.] 
li-in"' in-Hoiil^l; [Anstmii i A .oi^i nr , v,n from thc Sahara that blows upon Madeira and theHe'ca, lic'a n. A West-Indian polypetalous shnib or 
5*uSSS^/of Vew "sSith Wal'es -2 The New Teatend Cana T Islands chiefly in the colJer season. small treeU'ant/ioxylum tmargmatum or Sapmdus ept- 

^'' [Prov.Eng.] A toy.hoat sent out before "), with a very pnckly trunk, as the soapberry. 


j. .. 

lem"o-imr-nl'y-Hi, lein'o-par-ari-slK, . Jfe.d Paraly- tne w l nd *>? fishermen In rough weather with a string of ll<-'-a=trce"t. 

sis of the gullet. [< Gr. laimos, gullet, + PARALYSIS.] hooks ll'cben, vt. To cover with lichens; lichenlze. 

Le-me'n, Ig-ni'a or -n'a, Same as LE.VAIA. le'tlial, a. [Additional phrase.] lethal chamber, a _ H'chen-al. I. a. Of or pertaining to lichens. 

Icnch, lench, n. Same as LENCIIEON . chamber filled with gases for putting animals to death with- j( n A lichen ll'elieil-Ill"- n ll*elen-tv'- 

'- '- ' t " ll - or-ou,o. Eatingor living on lichens'. ll'chen-lze, 

. To cover with lichens, as the weathered and <-Aen- 
irf surfaces of the sandstone. ll'chen-y, o. Cov- 

, , . . 

len'nl-llte, len'i-lait, n. Mineral. A greenish form of | ' t l"| ll |- .., fh . . Tn fn rtothin 

orthoclase from Lenni, Delaware county, Pa. [ < Lenni le t ftj, 'chamber [ ] P 

l^" LITK ' J rjj-.! le"tho-ma'ni-a, n. Same as LETHKOMANIA. 

Ad(i ' tl Ilal Bens - An obect shaed lik 

Iditional sense.] Any object shaped like a let'ter 1 , . [Additional compounds, etc 1 let'ter. ered with a growth of lichens; lichen-covered.' 

nd thus bearing resemblance to a double bound", a. Markedby rigid adherence to the letter.- 1., Eilde'.flow"er, laid'-flau-gr, n. The Lent-lily. [< 

' , u- & c, under LENS. Coquille card, n. A folded card with a gummed and perforated AS. Lida, March, + FLOWEH.] l,tde'-lll"yt. 

.cuo, a. B^ctacle shield of glass with parallel sur- edging so as to be closed and sent through the mall, as an n-i'. flnw"nr n Anw trppnr flhrnh nf tho m>n,i> fnj,,n 

faces usually blown Into parabolic shape and used as a ordinary letter after receiving Its proper itamp. Used first 11 2'JJ?",^fl ^??SJ!?, L\.*^ViFHSr 

shield. - toric I., a spectacle lens In which one of the In Belgium In 1882, in Great Britain In 1892, and since In other tranlhfs of the myrtle family (Myrtacex): so called from 

surfaces Is a segment of an equilateral zone of a tore: used countries.- l.:corporal, n. One whose duty Is carrying the l' d which is formed by the upper part of the calyx, 

for equalizing the surfaces of sphero-cylindrical lenses pos- and delivering letters. I. *cu tier, n. A makerof punches and falls off with the expansion of the flower, 

sessing a strong spherical curvature. for type-founding. l.scnrtinit, n. Thc business or occu- He 1 , n. [Additional senses.] Golf. 1 . The position of 

lens^.haped", pa. Bot. Resembling a double convex patlonof a lettcr-cutter.-l.,hiirli, a Printing. As high a club when it is held with its head on the ground and 

lens; lenticular. as ordinary prlntlng.type. I. of indication (Finance), a | B rea dv for deliverinff a stroke a The txwition of 

len'tl-ele, len'ti-cl, n. Oeol A rock stratum or bed letter of advice which serves to Identify the signature of "Jf^ B Unto 

edges, is more or less lens-shaped. Nearly all unde- gard for'the' letter of alaw or commandment' spleen. [< L. lien, spleen. + Or. 'taz, rupture.] 

strata are lenticles. [ < L. lenticula, lentil.] lefter-et'. lefgr-ef, n. A short letter. lleu-ten'ant, n. [Additional phrase.] additional 

un=out; oil; IS = feud, Jp = future; c=k; church; dh = We; go, sing, Ink; o; thin; zh = aznre; F. bon, dune. <,from; t, obsolete; i, variant. 
&~ Cross-references to words In the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 



the iris family (Mdacesei, the amaryfiis family (Amaryl- nan ciation. 
'i<ta*a theVi'ie-apple family (Bromeliaceai}, the yam Unk'age, n. [Additional ee 
imilv (btftconoeS), and the bloodwort family (Haono- twee n a magnetic line of fo 

s'e-IlCS, lis'g-lies, . pi. VOX pliaswir-iine urujcti 
from an exterior wall, as in Romanesque architecture. 

lime n4 oranue.- wild I. 1. Same as HOO.PLCK. llt'er-al, n. A literal error. See LITERAL, a. ,3. tall clinibing shrubs of the bean family (ifsw/mwwa), 
1. same a BAST* RUSAXDALWOOD, I. under sAMDAi.wooD - mfe'ic-al , lith'ic-al, a. Petrol. Pertaining to or refer- 8Deciu n v distinsuished by their long flat pods. The most 
5. TheirultofanKast.Ii.dlantreeUlatanamoM>p.a> r , to tne 8ize _ 8hapCi and rautua i disposition of the Kb!" sm-<"<' are L ntflamu of Guiana, that supplies 
of the rue family ( Rntoc.exJ. .i,.,! hole in constituents of a rock that in, to the texture in the lim- tne lndlal r s with material for a nsh.polson, which they call 
llme'atone" sink. [U. 8.) A bowl-shaped 1 ited sense as distinguished from structure. [< Gr. n j co u i L. latifoUu*. the bitchwood\ and L. roseus. a hot- 
limestone rock opening down into a stream or cavern Jj^,",^ ] "ou"e evergreen with large rose-colorcd flowers. L< Or. 

underground. lttli"I-oplvor-Ite, Hth"i-ef'r-ait, n. Mineral. A 

LI Hl"llH.Il tlia'i'**-* lim*niin-th*'*.T ftr -thd Ce-e. n. " ... . *. , . , * i*.. AL_ 



^^^i^^^^f^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^ 

iMenyanlliaeea), with long-petioled, roundish, floating, ^ irtSilngtollthwlllVsll.- HtVo4ei?e-U, n. 1. maica (3) ntoxuru* noMHi*. foumf In the West Indies 

often heart-shaped leaves, whence the name floating f,ah o i. The formation of calculi. 2. fieol. The processes and the Gulf of Mexico l..sleeveH, n. [Austral.! A 

heart and clusUirs of yellow or white flowers. About of tne nroductlon or development of minerals and rocks, tall slender drlnklng-glass probably deriving Its name n 

MindM are known, distributed widely In temperate and -Hth'*'ic, .- llth' . Mta An Its resemblance to a sleeve: also, the drink con tallied _ln such 

warrnreglons. [< Gr, Hmni, pool, + anUumon, plant.] Instrument for ascertaining the presence of calculi In the a glass. l.=lom, n. [Additional sense. I lAusirai.i n 

[Additional compounds, etc.] long Urn; 

phrase.] creeping 

nk'ton, lim'no-plapk'tim, n. Biol. The 

ritV, moneywort (Lysimachia Xummularifi) 

.ofa, firm, 9k; at, fire, accord; element, $ r = ovr, Sight, | = noge; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, no; nt, nr, atgm; full, rflle; but, bfirn; aisle; 
ET" Cross-references to words in the Addenda are Indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference Is to the main vocabulary. 

lorandite 2155 maire 

lo'ra ml-lte. lO'rand-ait, w. Mineral. A metallic bright- lu-va'ro, lu-vfl'rO, n. A large fish of the family Lvva- toria being the fustic. M. auran 
red thallium sulfareenid (TlAs3 2 ), that crystallizes in the rids, the only known species being Lvvarus imperials. long reguM a* belonging to this \ 
monoclinic system. lu'zoii-lte, lu'zen-ait, n. Mineral. A metallic reddish- S2 ^eOflAOK ORANGE; To: 

lord, n. [Additional sense.] Astrol. A controlling planet, gray copper-arsenic sulfid that is found massive, and Is M ;V 1 ;,"7i. J. 

I .. _ *..< 'I ',. i-..t'in 11 <'/,.) & v>]lmv crvnt n Hint' ..... r~i.-,l..,l on ,i; .,,, ,.-,.K,,II,. ...ith <;* r ^ / ,,-. ,-. ;,, ti... I* 1 * 1 * 011-1 

-tiaca, the Osage orange, 
genus, IB now referred to 
XTLON*. l< W. Maclure, 

acro-, mucr-, combining forms. [Additional terms.] 
-macro-ceph'a-ly, . Same as MACHOCKPUALIA.- 

Chem. A colorless crystal 

lo'ao-phan, lo'BO-fan. n 

[< Gr ft/faw wolf 
L ' 

jine compound (C,H 6 I,O), obtaiued by the action of ly'co-pln, lai'co-pin. 

of which are yet a secret, used by the British forces in 

n , . Hypertrophy .-mac-ro'xis, n: "JfWfto/ .'Aug. 

IOIIMP, ' [Additional compounds.] bat'ilouHe", . An the South-African war, and said to be of such explosive mentation in size. inac"ro-BO'ma - tour*, a. Anat. 

tnsfCt(Poluctf>iex fiinKiriiini parasitic on bats. wlllpwi force as to destroy all life within a radius of 50 yards. Same as MACBOSOMIC. Mac"ro-Btacb'ya, n. Hot. A 

1., . An aphid which lives on willow-trees, especially merely by concussion of the air. 8" s of fossil plants of the family Oitamariai. 

Lachnui mlicola. Lyd'l-an, a. [Additional phrase.]- Lvdlan mode, see Bc jJJ- c lo ; " t'S'"" MACIIUELO ,.,_ 

ove'met". n. A love game, as In tennis See under LOTH. f, KEEK an S GKEC.OIM AN HODZB, under MODE. mad"a-ro>ma, mad a-rO'ma. n Pat/iol. Falling out 

love'tvine", n. The common dodder (CtiHi-iit/i firimorn i, |y/ el . f lul'er LS -Afr I> ] The leader of an ox-team of the eyelashes. [< Gr. madarod, become bald.] 

and also toe American vlrgin's-bower (Clematis V<rgini- usually a lad that walks before the oxen and guides the mad"a-rol'Ic, mad'a-ret'ic, a. Pertaining to mada- 
, ""'i>. leaders with a rope. rosis. [< Gr. madarod, become bald.] 

low'er crit'i-cism. S e CBITICISM, 6. I.y"go-deM'ml-a, lai'go-dez'mi-a or U-go-des'mi-a, n. made, ;M. [Additional sense.] Golf. Assured: saidof 

lo W 'ri"e=. r i " ".". [ Austral * A 'lor'lold parrot. Sec I.ORT. -B<- / small genus of perennial or annual herbs of the a ball played near enough to aTio'e to be driven on to the 
l,ow Week. Eca The week following Easter-week, be- aster family (vompomtse), with smooth, branching stems, putting-green at the next stroke: applied also to the 

ginning with Low Sunday. mostly linear leaves, and usually solitary and terminal player of such ball. 

Lox'a bark. Pale cinchona-bark from Cinchona offici- erect heads of pink or purple, ligulate flowers. [< (ir. ma-deg'cent, ma-des'ent, a. Having the quality of 


nulls, called by name of province from which it was ob- lugos, willow, + desma, band.] giving off moisture. [< L. madesco, moisten.] 

tatned. See table under BASK", ii l,oja bark., ly'i'mf.wall", n. Mining. Same as FOOT-WALL. ma'do, mfl'do, n. [Austral.] A trumpeter-perch (Therapon 

lox'ic. 1 Jc. . One-sided or distorted: appl i-d to condl- i i y"inaii-lrl'l-d, larfor li']man-trai'i-dt or -tr!'i-de, cuvlet-i) found in the waters about Sydney, 
tons of rheumatic affections of the muscles. L< Or. Jozoo, A fami ] y of mo ths of medium size, pectinated an- ma.drie'a, ma-drt'a, . [Porto Rico.) A kingfisher. 

lox'o-dont. lex'OKlent, o. Having shallow sloping Inter- train*, legs covered with hair, and ocelli absent. [< Gr. SSK[tfK' l^SKaS^SS^> 
vals between the lozenge-shaped ridges of the tw-th, as the lymanttr, destroyer.] SSpflrk fia??r ft rroSI 1 To eelebrate an event un 

African elephant. [< Gr. loxos, slanting, + wtous, tooth.] lymph, n. [Additional compounds, etc.]- Koch's nln ck, mn,r ic,. .icoiioq.; _i,o eel ate an event up 

ill'au, m'au, n. [Hawaii.] A native feast, 
u'bra, Ift'bra, n. [Austral.] A native black woman. 
lnVa-slte, IQ'ca-sait, n. Mineral. A submetalhc brown- 

.uuri^i u.. j uu.i.. " " " - ;i^ i n.- . .lu-i- "I 11' 1 1 1 i . . i n J i II M ml n >n il M 1 1 ui 1 1 1. .".- 1 i .1 1 1 

ISh-yellOW magneslum-alliminum-iron Silicate (H,Mg, the lymphatics almot bordering on the riotous by Ixindoners, and so 

(Al.FeKSi.O,,,), that crystallizes in the monoclinic sys- , -lyi"l>b"a-de'ni-a, n. General enlargement or o national ebullition of feeling Tiny, become knowu ,WJ,;K- 
tem, and belongs to the vermiculite group of micaceous hypertrophy ^^^l^J,-|j'5M-.M* 119. Hail and Expres* [N. Y.l June 3. 1902, p. 6. col. 3. 

11 II Hi *. 11. t?SllUJ as LYMPH ADENOMA. I \ 111 U II ' n -.w_ rtta _* m._ (. ,..:.. i* . *,, . 

rouioauy, aw the relief of Mafeking ID South Africa w 

of Australia, the Australian blacknsh. lu'dcr-ickt. " pression. [< Or. lypl, pain, + thymos, soul.] ,,,,, K ,, cl . 

tud-wlg'I-a, lod-wij'i-a, n. Bot. A genus of peren- ly-at'l-iiln(e, lai-sat'i-nm or -ntn, n. A basic sub- m ne J t /| C) a . [Additional phrases.] magnetic clr- 
nial or annual herbs of the evening-primrose family stance derived from casein, homologous with creatinm. rus (jfeteor.), same as NOAH'S ABK, 5. in. creeping 
( Onaaracese ) the false or bastard loosestrifes with [< lys- (as in LYSIN*) + -atinin (as in CREATININ).] (Physic*), the gradual Increase of magnetization In any 

usually alternate leaves, axillary, yellow or greenish ly;i-dln,_ ' 

magnetic substance which Is subjected to a continuing 

lU-et'L_, B..M IV.. Dill /. 1 UOV-reno. M...,., LOU. .n>u a*:*- ! n' ' I " ' u I I I I ' ' I , ~1 I 

- i ' i .t < ,^';/"**' p '??5! e '-'. ing on natural' body protective substances termed alexins. mag"iio-cliro'nille, mag'no-cro'mait, n. Mineral. 

Luffa, lof'a, . Bot. A genns of Old W orld, tropical, 2." A basic principle obtainable by decomposition from A variety of chromite that contains magnesium. [< 
monoecious or dioecious herbs of the gourd family (Cu- p ro teids. [< Gr.tow, loosing.] MAGNESIUM + CHROMITE.] 

mrtntacese), with the male flowers in racemes and the ,*_,., , . f,,,,^ ppXinin^ tr, or afflicted with m"'ii.>-lil, . maL-'no-lait. 

low-pine forests, about 4 inches in height and spreading 


the Pacific islands, and Australia. M. Eoemis of the 
Moluccas furnishes one of the ebonies of commerce. [Na- 


and for calking 
l.ii-iia'rl-H. fu-ne'[or-ng']ri-a, n. Bot. A genusof Old 

I < L lunarix of the moon ]' from the fruit of a low-growing bush, used In taking flsh. a heavy but Inferior wood and edible berries. Called also 

lun'eee, n. Same as LOONOHEE. ma"c^"loine', tna'se'dwan', n. [F.] 1. A dish of mixed whitewood, from Its white bark. 

y*Hnap"per, n. A lutlanold flsh (Luti 

pnaaapacmca). ilia' ; rhir-e'lo. mfl'chO-'in n [Sp 1 A thread-herrlng mahogonti of the West Indies. Called also ojanco. 

lii'pllKe, n. [ABatta^phe.]-fldllIptae,Mm6f < ^ mac"u! ma-liol'tlne, ma-hel'tin, n. A tropical American 

as BASTARD LUPINE. e'lot. abutilon (Ati/ilon periplocifottum or Wissadvla peri- 

or I in i ;i ' M n > n. (t. g.) lll"tl-ail'ld, n. lot"- in dense globular heads which produce a multiple frui sandaiwood (Santalurn or Fwianm 'ciiiimiialinmm. ' 
jail'ld;. lll'II-a-niild. a. & n. lut'ja-nold}. Its half-dozen species belong to tropical America, M. tine- A tree (Eugenia Main) of the myrtle family. (3) Any one 

an = out; ell; lu = feud, Jjj = future; c = k; church: dh = the; go, sine, ii.ik: so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <, from; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
t&~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

in a.) a 2156 marian 

of several species of Olea, congeners of the olive, u O. by regular flowers, indefinite, generally monadelphous (carbohydrate) with eight atoms of carbon in the mole- 

Cttnninoliamii. the blck maire. iiiair'i:. stamens, and superior ovary, usually three- to many- cule. [< MANNOSE* + Gr. ottS, eight.] 

ma'jH. ma no, n. [Sp.l Hern. AnvCuian boa: especla ly, celled it embraces the mallow family (3/a/rawa 1 ), the man'noue, man'Os, . c/itm. A hexose (carbohy- 

MroM imgulifer, a seml-domestfcated reptile from 10 to nnAm famllv ( 7,;,,,, f . t , ., ,, lt . co i a ,nut family (A>rc- drate) obtained from the sugar mannite by hydrolysis. 

'Vn'orii 1-11,1 ,. MII rsnl 1 nvm>nfvrinii "> l< L - maim, mallow. ] ma"no-a'o. mu'no-u'o, . [Maori.] The New Zealand yellow 

^*n J t? I amii J, hlt Vb^ otoiinwl from Ml"va-vls'cu, maTva-vis'cus. n. K(X. A genua of plneiflacr^lium fwi*) of the pine family (Oifrr>. 

several species of tropical American evergreen shrubs or man'.root". n. .Same as BIOROOT-. 

malvaceous or other similar plants. 2. In I osta Rica and .. ,^i f tho .,,... f ,,,;i v , if,,;,.,,?,,..,, v nrhn iiiaii"u"ra', mun'sO'ru', . [Ar.] A war-drum. 

Venezuela, one of these plants, //i* r *,:. which ST ( SSto % "v r Zrie in 1 Si' b'airtaVd The d.,11 be.,, of the .t mo. ? ro boomed 1 th ro ,h the city. 

Is known also as huamaga in Ecuador, as einajaicua hibiicu... with law scarlet flowers and 3- to 5-Iobed , SLATIX PASHA Fire and Sioord m (At Sudan ah. 12, p. St. 

and dainajauiia in Peru, and as mahoe=bord=la=mer in sharply pointed leaves, and other species are cultivated In * "0 

Trinidad. greenhouses. [< L. malra, mallow, + riscK*. offspring.) iimii"u"rah'I. 

iH"ja-l(.k', ma-Hfl-Iek', n. [Philippines.! An evil spirit ma'niaii-lte, ma'man-ait. n. Mineral. A gilkywblte maii'ii-al, a. [Additional phrase.] manual method, 

that Is supposed to devour the hearu of sk-lt persons, hydrated calcium-magnesium-potassiuin sulfate that is the metho.d^ of^ IntelK-rtual^coinnninlcation through, the 

l tt K<*"*K^ ui Luc .lllutv?lll!', pvrwDIUMU nn Jl|l[-ill lug 1IJ Lllrll OLV//U/ lllltl.}. 

sacred bibliography. II. n. The Mandamn or Mandate ina-nu'iim, ma-no'ma, . [Native.] A fruit-dove - 

Th value of one makato in three halfpence, wholesale. language. nopult ptrouxii) of Samoa. Callrd also bnNllful bird. 

PABKK Erptritncts in Equatorial Africa ch. 3, p. 61. [s. '91.] .Tiaii'dans, man'dans, n. pi. Ethnol. A subdivision ma-nu'ine-n, ma-na'ms-, n. The tooth. billed pigeon of 
make, nt. [Additional phrase.] to make a light of the Dakota-Sioux group of Indians, their habitat be- Samoa (Diiluncnlus itrigirostru), a type of the family Di- 
[Auetral.]. to see; to search for: used by the abortglncs mg on the ,,. Missouri. The Mandans are remarka- diui 

linden familv ( Ti'tticeu'), whose berries are eaten bvthe 

is found massive. [< MANOANESB -(- BRITCITE.] 

maii'ii-I } "|>er, man'yu-tai'pgr, n. 

, -- . ,,...v u .....n^llliese and nickel are COmiMHlIKieil in some- enough tu r^-i,e nu return meir vuBravieruuiu marks. 

A family of trachmoidean fishes with long body, sub- what small proportions with copper, the ratio of man- AVKBURY Scenery of England f . 62. (IIACM. '03.J 

conic snout, and 24 vertebra!. 'lal a-< a n'l h II . n. ganese to nickel being as 3 or 4 to 1 This allov is used Stanuahtrc does, or tries to do, the work of 'in many places.' 

(t. g.) [ < Or. malakos, soft, + acantha. thorn.] almost exclusively in the construction of standards of elec- a P 1 ,? idea - and -where' is distinctly singular, botl in itself and 

111:1! .1 -i an lliiil a. & n. mal"a-can'- trlcal resistance, the temperature coettlclent being practi- ' " lte compounds. Aeic \ork Times leb. 7, I90S, p. 8, col. t. 

thold, a. & n. cally zero. nia'^o-ina'c. mu'o-mfl'o, n. A robust honey-eater of Samoa 

mal'a-con, I mal'a-cen, -cOn, n. Mineral. A brown niari"ga-iio-cal'clle, man-ga-no-cal'sait. n. .Vi- < z f/"'".'"'** < '7"'^*>- 

mal a-< oni . f vitreous variety of zircon found in Nor- eral. A variety of calcite that contains manganese car- &S'7& ,U O ; ,*, if Tew' ] Sou tb Walk Manr 

way and France. [< Gr. mo/Uw, soft.] bonate and is closely related to rhodochrosite. [< MAN- ? n h bb ^, ?SK ^AmAOE^.-M. l ' c hilf [A^s'rJn" 

mal 'a-l-opll'o-lloUK. mal'a-cef'o-nus, a. Possessed OANO- + CALCITE. J dark-skinned flat head fish (Xotothenia maorieniM or cori- 

of a soft-toned, gentle voice; soft-voiced. [< Gr. mala- nian"a:a-no-eol'iim-blte, mau"ga-no-col'um-bait, uvp*) of New Zealand, deriving its name from some marks 

AW, soft, + phonox, sound.] n. Mineral. A variety of columbite (MnCb a O.), in like tattooing. Ma'o-rishead". . Acluuip of sedgeina 

mal-ac'tlc, mal-ac'tic, a. .Wed. Softening; emollient, which the iron is replaced by manganese. l< MANUANO- swamp: from Its fancied resemblance to the head of a 

r . ^,_ ili., .-I... _,_,.-_ , tJ T Maori. M.shen, n. [Austral.] Same aa WEKA. w bite 

1 "a.-g.on.ef-i.-ait, n. Min- 

, mal a-km', n. Chem. A yellow crystal- tral. A variety of blotlte containing manganese par- as the land of the Maoris, 
line compound (C,,H,,OjN), obtained as a condensation tially replacing the iron. [< BANOASO- -f Gr. phytlon, Ma'o-ri-land"er, n. A New Zealand white man. 
product of para-phenetidin and salicylic aldehyde, and leaf.] ma-pn'u, mu-pu'u or -pau', n. [Maori.] Any one of several 

" n New Zealand trees. Called also mapou and corrupted by 

various medicinal preparations. milky in. [Austral.] a 

be suitable for representation on a map. 

+ L. ;**, foot.] ma, .- wnite in., see MANGBOVE, 2. llght.colored mottled timber, or the tree ( Olea panlcujnb, 

ial'lee=fowl", mal'lee.hen", n. [Austral] Same as In . a1 , 1 Ky-aim, man 'gl-ans, n. pi. Ltltnot. An aborig- yielding It. Called also native olive and ironwood. 
MAi.LKE-n[Ri>. mal tribe of Filipinos whose habitat is in one or two Mar-chan"ti-a'le, niur-can'tl-e"l!z or -g'les, n. pi. Bot. 

mal'lee-Hcrub", n. [Austral.] The dense growth or islands between Manila Bay and the Mindoro Strait Same as MARCHA.NTIACK*. 

scrub made by the mallee or dwarf euc&lypt (Eti(aly/i/ns ma'ni, mfl'ni, n. [Philippines.] [Sp.] The peanut. mar-che'sa, mor ke'zfl, n. [-CHK'SE, -kS'] [It.] 

" ' mr< ' 

. . . . 

dumonar, also, the tree itself, which is about a dozen Man"l-ca'rl-a, man'i-ke'ri-a or -ca'ri-a, n. Hot. A m m j r< ,'. i,.iT' mfir tf -,s. i-,-i v',t j i n, T 
feet in height and sends out rigid horizontal branches monotyplc genus of South-American palms, peculiar in " nobleman'of iru uiSki rank f ' ' 

ierlcwking with its surrounding neighbors. having it leaves, instead of pinnate or fan-shaped as mar< ll'lii" nnr & rtrhal n [Additional nhrasw. 1 

elnbui", n. Same as JHAKA.BW.. nsual among palms, long and comparatively slender, 30 _| n hVa""v marcliiiii order tfi i "otiterS^na 

'le-ln. mal'e-in, . Chem. A poisonous yellow, feet by 4 or 5, with a merely serrated edge. See BUSSU .rm^MK^rMUTeirTvfc^ljril^m^der^W^ 

, n 

interlcwking with its surrounding neighbors. having it leaves, instead of pinnate or fan-shaped as 

m,il' elnbui", n. Same as JHAKA.BW.. 

mal'le-ln. mal'e-in, . Chem. A , , . rvmer 

ish-white compound obtained from the active metabolic and SKA-APPLE. [< L. manifse, sleeve.] accoutered lor parade. in. flank (Mil.), the wheeling 

products of the bacillus of glanders, and used in medi- man"l-fold / er, n. One who or that which manifolds' na "k of a squadron, troop, or company; the outermost flank 
cine for the diagnosis of that disease. [< L. malleus, a machine or apparatus for making manifold conies as S hl i', h ' '" ?' hc< '" n lf. moves over the 
disease among animals.] of a document ^thLMime^ofexecutlng the maneuver. 

in I'lt'-iiiiit . i 

i. mflr-co'in-gram, n. A message sent 

of a coherer in the receiving-apimriilup. 

tail <>-<!< \-irl 11. mSlfo-dex'trin, n. A carbohy- man'na=enm", n. [Austral.] Lerp. 
drate resulting from the conversion of starch into maltose, man-ni p'n-roud, man-nip' u-rus. a. S 

^sk; at, fare, accord; element, er = ov^, eight, f = us^ge; tin, machine, j = r>ew; obey, ,,6; net, n.r, at ? m; fall, rule- but burn- aisle- 
Cro-reference. U, word, to the Addend, are Indicated b y an arterisk (). When not followed by an asterUk the refereL i. to the Ita^ertS.V 

maria pricta 2157 IHclaiitliiuni 

ma-ri'a pri-e'tn, ma-rf'a prf-^'ta. A haemuloid fish (Ani- binatlon of moves by which checkmate Is forced self' 
so(rmtw btcolor) of Brazilian coast-waters. 

inar'i-iiold, n. [Additional phrase.] pygmy mari- 
gold, a variety of the French marigold (Tagetet patula, 
var. nanu). 

inar'i-trrain, mar'1-gram, n. Same as MAREOGRAM*. 


of plants of the poppy family (Papaveracese) of western 


vue mci i/uouus uu ucmcra ju uuuuiiiK-suiipiK's as it is ~ = 7V?i- V ^~~^T^"*' 

mong lawyers. me'dl-an, a. [Additional sense.] Of or pertaining to 

a-tlt'dlte, ma-til'dait, n. Mineral. A metallic gray- that number of a series which has as many numlers 

mark ' , n. [Additional phrases.] - a bad mark, the ne- teh . silver-bismuth sulfld (AgBiS,), that crystallizes in the preceding as following it. 
gallon of a good mark. a good m. [Slang Austral! orthorhombic system. [< Matilda mine, Pern.] med'lc",fl. [Additional phrases, etc.] spoiled medic, 

a trustworthy person, particularly an employer who deals ma'tl-po, mu'ti-po, n. [Maori. J Same as MAPAU*. a spreading or trailing annual (Meilicugn maculata), with 

honestly with his employees. llla-tras', ma-trots', n. Mil. A species of Celtic javelin broadly oocordate leaflets marked with a dark spot: a forage- 

of activity in any stock with the hope of attractinff buyers ^ species are feiown. See BTOCK.I, 14, and STOCK-GILL Y- 

-to straddle them. (Finance), to stand simultaneously BLOWER. [< P. A. MaUioli, Italian physician.] meg'a-fog, meg'a-feg, n. A fog-signal for lighthouses 

long and short with regard to different stocks. niat'ti, mat'i, n. A kind of gum obtained from a Somali or coast-stations, having megaphones that point in sev- 

mark'lii!r=eur"reiit, n. Teleg. A current used in tree (SosweUta Frereana). nial'teej; mey'e-tlt. eral directions and that is capable of imparting definite 

machine telegraphy for recording the dots and dashes, >at"to-wa'cat, n The tailor.herring. sound-signals to befogged vessels. [< MEGA- + FOG'.] 

as distinguished from the spacing-current that records ma -tre , a. [Additional senses.] \.Pathol. Having No matter in what direction the vessel may be fi 

spaces only. See SPACING-CURRENT*. 
iiiiirl 1 , /i. [Additional sense.] A soft, earthy, crumbling 

stratum of whatever composition. 

mur'mor-lze, mar'mer-aiz vt P-IZED- -I'ZING 1 To D ? 8e ; le Y el - - mature topography (Pfiys. Omg.), the the megaphone. " 

convert as limestone or the like into marble [< T Dh / slca features presented by any region or tract of land The Evening Sun [New York] Sat., Sept. 13, 1902, p. 8. 

marmor, marble] eTb> eoiuSfpro^ meg'a-gam'tt, n. Same as MACROGAM- 

"SnoSg'th? j'ews', a ! piece e of horseradish as'a^kp^S'lnanra Sre"^af a ' U> "' [Samoa ' ] Tbe reef ' heron ^ Demt ' m^al-es'thete, meg-al-es'thit, n. One of the many 

of the seder service, mor'oiiiv. iiiaiin'<lv n [Additional ohrase 1 maundv onln organs of sense in the megalopores of the shell of cer- 

miLr'rfll. inar'ol. .. An nnhtncpnhalnf/1 flah rannolaii., , ",T^* ' -,_ >v;_. fmttB e.j luiiuy n ins, tain ehltonoid mnllnsks r^- Mvn A T n. _L rir nle/kZeio 

;r service, mor'our}. maun'dv n [Additional Dhrase 1 maundv onlns rf" megalopores or me sne 

mar'al, . An onhtocepbalold fish, especially small *i"er' coins dtaSbuS ft Great Sl^ hv TI,P r ,i tain chitonoid mollusks. [< MEGALO- + Gr. 
"!'."5 J '?.?r" 80 ' rnd ' a -, ma'riili. almoner on Maundv Thursday am, Dy tn , royal , eelin j me g"al-a;s'thetet. 

combining form. [Additional terms.] nieg"- 

mar'ten-slte, mflr'ten-soit, n A constituent of steel Venezuela the inorichespalm, and IT. vlnifera, the meg"a-Io-ma'ni-a, . [Recent sense. [ A tendency to 

existine at a hiffh temnerature and which mv h wine = palm of I^ira or iniirili : palm, are the best magnify and exaggerate; a mania for overstatement; brag 

SS-4 bv suddel coolln? ^ inrreasitw thV hr^ i n? kn w n - See ITA.PALM. [< Prince IfaurtM, of Nassau.! anf bluster.-meB"a-lo'pi-a, n. Same as MEGALOPSI^ 

loysi ling, increasing the hardness of mau'ser, mau'zgr, n. A magazine rifle, sighted to 2,200 -mes/a-lo-pime, a. Same as MEQALopic.-meK'a- 


to any native woman. izea to open tne Dreecn, eject the exploded cartridge, examination of the bladderrrectum"; and stomach. meff"- 

mas'a-ma-cush", mas'a-ma-cush', n. [N.-Am. Ind.] Same Insert a fresh one, cock and fire the gun again, when the a-lo-scop'ic, a. meK"a-log'co-py, n. The science 

as NAMATOUSH. same series of movements is repeated, the gun thus being of the use of the megaloscope. 

masn'In<r, n. [Additional sense.] Petrol. A process automatic. The gun has a single barrel surrounded by a meg"a-nu'cle-us, meg"a-nlu'clg-us, n. Biol. Same as 

t It -- .\ ~""^~iV --- ' ------- ' 7", - ',~ --- " f -- ~ 

mayaca family (Mayacacese), with linear entire, sessil 

iiUKk, re. [Additional sense.] In hunting, a fox's head, leaves, and solitary, white, three-parted flowers. It con- meg'a-ty"py, meg'a-tai'pi, n. Phot. The production 
nas^ki-tfo'Dy, mas'kl-go'nl, n. [-NIKS, pi.l Same as tains about seven species, confined to the warm and tropical of metratvDee 

^AL\^^u^l^^^^ KmMmAM ^^ m ^^*^^^ meg-a-zo'eid, n. BM. The larger 

louna m tne Bputnern united states. f,,rm f ^iinn^nVii/. ^r.t-, T , r ^ **,, , . .^ 

7' n. RftrnPRSMiRaiTTTRw Oman uAumij BUIILUIV ui 

ii , it. ouillc a MASSEUBE. ( )nc snPflpfl M nht//lfinthfriflpjt IK frmnrl In snuthpi-n 

_ n rp i Smrar> Tuhi^v. in tr.0 LB 8 JiV cl r 8 ' a ' pftyttaniaoiaest is rouna m soutnern 

** * "*y n \*-t.Li\ii. , ii. oaiiic tt ->IA?*ELK. line onp^fpa ILf nhtiJlrmt'hni/lao 1u fniinH In o/Mir)in-n TTI/-.I. 1 1~ i i J 

na 9 se"=cuite', ings'-kwlf, n. [F.l Sugar which, in the \2 e f^,h-'^A ' southern Fior- meias, limb, + algos, pain.] 

process of refining, has reached that stage In which It,,.' >/,,. -!,, J n i/ii D ,i , TJI i_*,.v me-lam'mad, mg-lfun 'ad, M. [Heb.l One who has studied 
exists, after boiling and concentration, In the vacuum. "z-al'gi-a, maz-al 'j -a, n. Pathol. Pain m the breast, at a rabbinic college and has attained the right of teaching, 
pan, prior to the removal of molasses by the agency of a L< vr. mazos, breast, + algos, pain. J mel'an-chlor, mel'an-clor, n. Mineral. A dark- 

centrifugal machine, ma'zlc, me'zic, a. Physiol. Placenta!. [< Gr. mazos, green hydrous iron phosphate that is found on triphylite, 

Mas"so-ther"a-peu'tics, mgs-o-ther-a-piB'tics, re. breast.] from which it is probably derived by alteration. [< Gr. 

inas'ter, a. [Additional phrases.] master gunner, in Our boys are back again on mboga diet. T. H. PAIIKE Expert- daily of the genera "Oiaeomofum and CoUetolrichttni. 
tneJSritlsh army_, amirttllerynmn^of warrant-ofliccr's rank. ences m Equatorial Africa ch. 8, p. us. [s. '91.] [ < Q r mf ias. black, + konos, cone.] 

the navigation of the ship, and whose assista 

BO3.2H2(Th.('i')().,F 2 .8(Ce.La.Di)OF), that crystallizes in the 
hexagonal system. mel'a-no-chroid, a. Same as MEL- 
ANOCUKOOUS. mel'a-no-cyte, n. A pigmented leuco- 

closely approximates to or corresponds with the actual 

e earth at the plane of the sea-level. 
es, n. [Additional phrases.] hlack measles, 

the ancic 


mat'a-go.ry, ) mat'a-go-rl, -gu-ri, n. A New Zealand me angle 01 tne urinary meatus lor purpose or enlarge- that is found amorph'o uo . 

'"?'; ?.""'VV p , r ,' ck1 }' <&"& (Discarta Toumatou): a ment. [< MEATUS; + -TOMY.] Mel-an'thl-um, mel-an'thi-nm, n. Bot. A genus of 
corruption of the Maori name tnmatukuru. w*>li"iw_*_*inwa_r mo/.*rtn-rt_tKow/i-\, D _L , ^ . ., '. rr^_ " r:. r 

match'splay", n. Golf. Play in which 
pends upon the number of holes scored 

contestants. ,,., t 

',n. [Additional phrases, etc.] forced mate, acorn- Mec"on-el'la, mec'on-el'a, n. Bot. A small genus 

i* A m ,? c , U r an ;- thc ^ a :P r ' mec-an-o-ther'Q-pi, re. Pa- perennial American herbs of the melanth family (Melan- 

f r ! 8 S ,1?" tho1 ^ T . rea , traent of disease by means of movements or thacese), with tall, leafy stems, oval or grass-like leaves, 

or lost by the mechanical devices. [< Gr. mediant, machine, + ther- panicled, white, cream-colored, or greenish flowers, and 

an = out; oil; lu = fead, |9 = future; c = k; church; dh = tte; go, sing, irik; so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,fram; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
If Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

melanuriii 215 military 

If. nrginlcnm. the bunchflower. Is the best known, and (Composite), with alternate leaves ana corymneu, aisci p3< "' -log ru-n, n. 

grows In meadows and wet places from the Great Lakes to heads of tubular flowers: usually included in the genus Same as PHOTOGRAMMETRY. 

UieGulf of Mexico. [< Gr. melat, black, + aiKAon, flower.] C'afulia [ < (ir mesot middle, + tuKa, gland.] me > 'mac-lie, me'mac-uit, n. Mineral. A resinous 

mcl"a-ilu'rln. inel'o-niu'rin, n. Chem. A darkly m eg"ar-te-rii'ic, mes'ur-ts-rlt'lc, a. Pertaining to mesar- light-brown hydratel tungstic oxid _(WO..H S O), that 

M. Wrgtnlcum, the bunchflower. Is the best known, and (Opposite), witluilternate leavesand corvmbed, discoid met"ro-plio - tos/ra-phy, mcfro-fo-teg'ra-fl, n. 


stained pigment found in urine. [<JtELAN- + Gr. oi/ron, ""fe'rltis? " f farmed by the alteration of scheclite. f< 'Meymac, 

urine.] nie"en-tcr'lc, rt. [Additional phrase.] meoenterlc France.] 

mel"en-em'e-i>l, mcl'en-em'e-sis, n. PatluA. Dark- filnincnl. one of many filamentary organs on the Inner me z-quit', n. Same as MESQUITI. 
colored vomit: an old term. [< XELAN- + Gr. emeo, edge of the mesenteries of anthozoons. iiii"nH-ina-tol'o-iry, mai'az-ma-tel'o-Jl, n. Same as MI- 

nie"ep-i-the'li-iiiii, ines'ep-1-tht'U-um, . Same as MESO- ASM OLOGY. 
,nplri z iVi-oe, mcl-e.rfb'I-0,. n. Chem. Same as ^THEL^nM^See^er MEMV. [Heb] An ^, 8Unt of tne mib^mlb^n.^Loca], U. S.] A marble; In the plural, the 

i?-t'"iZ- .rn'mn melM-p-rO r ma > Same as MELICERIS chazan, who sings with him. mt'ca-lllte, nmi'ca-nait, n. A mica insulator. 

ml.'li^ha"?,!" 1 !!-.'-. !, C |HVh"'Ti,epro.?s of removing me.Mhum', me-shum'ad, n [ME-SUCM'MA.DIM, pi.} m |ca- 11 - za'tlon, mai'ca-ti-ze'shun, n. A meta- 
blood from meat by laying it In water and salt. fiShi. Po' 1 '", '" the Jewish faith, morphic alteration of other material into mica. 

iel-l ll'r..-..u,. m, -l-ic'ro-os, a. Having the color of ^JftJ'.Y',!;} l' f ," A nheiin] ic'.ll.icil.). mick'y, n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] Hot. A corrup- 

in eir 

OH) obtained from mesitylene. [ < 

fill UrUIir. n. [i-XUUlLIUIUM ^UIOW.J *;;.mj / I 1 F-h a ~ A i-a^loal naoH In 1 Il'TO Hrl' HIHMU 4U BDCClBl WlQClV UlSmilUU'U 111 Wai'lll HI1C 

membrane, one of the lining membranes of the cornea ^ a / m t V!;-,. 1 "r, s ^S n t y a%!L o ^S\,id an d tt' allied temperate regions.- iiii"cro-plio'ni-n, n. Same as MI- 

in. in'hrit-nlil. mem'bra-mn, n. Organic Chem. A fjj*,,"" CROPHONY. under MICROPHONE. nii'cr.i -pho"ny. n. 

gluco-proteid in Descemet's membrane. mes'aiilt 1 n [Additional phrase ] curly meault< [Additional sense.] Same as MICKOPHONICR. nii-cro'- 

men"el-eo'Bls, men'ei-CO'sis, n. Pathot. Vicarious K r a g S , a delicate perennial with slender creeping stems ?f,7^! "i ^'I'onmtl'i'in ofTm'ntarweakneS" P '!/ l 'f) i wrfi''(i 

hemorrhage or menstmation from an ulcer. [<Gr.m?n, rooting at tne joints and sending up leafy shoots: one of development mi"cro-i>oi"kil-il'ic n nt'rol Hav 

month, + Mosit, ulceration.l the most valuable of the grasses In the dry plains and mesas Ing po j kl i ltl c texture on a microscopic scale.- mi"cro- 

nirn"lil-dr'l. men'hi-drO'sis, n. Pathol. A dls- of the southwestern I nlted States. po-lar'i-8cope, n. A microscope with polarizing attach- 

, -,_-../ .*., <^ m ...w..^^ o s,m... ment.-mi'crb-pore, n. Zool. Anat. A minute pore In 

the shell of a chltonld containing a microscopic sense- 
condition of having reduced wings, as In certain forms of 

. , _ , dimorphic insects and certain Insular Insects and birds. 

from ret^tln - men"'oHep'llc - m^n-o-Htaiyi^ tivated in Java and Malabar for its flowers, which are ini"cro-rlie-oin'e-ter, n. An Instrument tor measuring 

a. Pertaining to retained or suppressed menstruation. both aromatic and stimulant, and for its fruit, bark, and the current Intensity of anything that flows when the cur- 

m<>ii"ll-cul'ture, men'ti-coVchur or -ti'Qr, n. Men- root, which all yield valuable products. [< Mvtuak, an _ m i''c'ro' Bliiii'iiii'tl" 11 " Vhirral A vft'reou^i-oloricss 

ticultural study; brain-culture. [ < L. mem, mind, + Arabian physician.] sodium and potassium' clilorld and' sulfate with calcium 

CULTURE.] inet-ab'o-lin, met-ab'o-lln,n. Chem. Same as METABOLITE. ond aluminum silicates, (Xa.KhoCa^AlioSlioOsoSCU that 

Mrnt-ze'II-a, ment-zt'[or -ze']li-a, n. Hot. A genus of lllct"a-ca'<>-ill , mefu-keVg-m w-cg'se-ln, n. Vhem. crystallizes In the hexagonal system. It is a volcanic 

herbsorundershrubsof theloasad familv(/x><wa<y*e), with A stage of modification of caseinogen which, while in- product. Mi / 'cro-per / mre, n. ni. A group of Mono- 

erect stems, alternate leaves, and terminal showy flowers, fluenced by pancreatic extracts, is coagulablc by heat, cotuleaones. In the classification of Hooker and Bentham, 

It embraces about 50 species, natives of western America, r< META- 4- CASEIN 1 embracing the froglut family (BydrochariOacea), the bur- 

everal of them In the United States as far cast as Illinois. mrt"a-cnetn'ic, n (lent Same as METASOMATIC mnnnla family (llurmanniacexi, and the orchis family 

(<C.Menlzel, botanist, of Brandenburg.] "l<-t"ii-clili"-iiiyd'e-ip, ii'icfci-clu-m'ldv-l or -e, n pi Bot (Orchidacex), which are all characterized by numerous 

rfe'nus, n. Sameas.MAxr. Same ^ GAMOPETAL*': a name framed" by the later bot- m '?, ute n 8ec ?J ( ' l / th< Si.,?, n * < l' l ?!", n ;.r m ! "rro.Bpher"a. 

M-ii"y-an-tlia'oe-ai, men'i-an-the'sg-i or -thg'ce-S, anlsts to Indicate that the gamopctalous division of the 5S&<52Swi253r .SSSS > TI I 

n. pi. Bot. A widely distributed order of gamopetal- ^Mcofy/edonf* were later tma = after] In their development * SSrm*iiml5SSii ! irateiv n't-imleH l\l !? 

ous, perennial, aquatic or marsh herbs theljuck-bcan than the apctalpus and polypetalous, which latter were ac- "J?./i|" ,, j s ", S a,i ,','is V< IANTHES' - liii'VroI 

family -usually regarded as a tribe (Menyantfifie) of the co^rdinglyealled Jrc/,,^;-,.!/,^. See ARCHICHLAMYDE^'. J h ,'* ' ,;. f hc technique of microscopy nil". 

rtian family (Genlianaceif). but distinguished from it ' ZJ'IJSiJ .in' niTil'i" OUM a cro-tech'nict. 
its leaves, which are alternate or scattered, mostly nn-fa. .lil.,'rin. mr-t-n cj^'rn'it Mineral A -Wl-crain'pc-lln, mai-[<' mf-]cram'pe-lis, n. Bot. A 

_i.ii.^ .Z3 . ,i , , .,?!; * , T, , ' ij^Jtf^t fi genusof American, usually annua), climbing herbs of the 

sylvanla, and California northward to Alaska and Green- 

The micromotoscope was invented by me in December, 1896. It 

... nut* m IA r>h wfta described in the 'Scientific American,' I think, in Julv, 1897. 

mer-cap'tol, m^r-cap't/Jl or -tel, n. A compound mpl n * f um, n. Ui - After that it appeared in many periodicals, including the 'Journal 

^o y f metamc, loridTziMTand SSSSSS^JiU >-?". " S 6 M M^TAMORPHIC. '' H ""R o ^l y '&&! standard Diet. July 18. im 
presence or mttal lie clilorld (zinc) and hydrochloric acid. nl ,.t"a-llll'ole-u. mefu-n fi'c e-us. re. Ilinl. The /___.// :/ ,.,. / . 

iriKiini! Hum iH-'-nn.iriK an Hji'isuii.- (> i-i:im. -- - .* '- " j that portion of the Atlantic traversed by ships between me 

SAMUEL M. ZWEMHK Raymond Lull, First Missionary to the hydrate of potassium, sodium, and iron sulfate ((K,.Na,. West Indies and Africa, made tragic by the horrors of the 
jmotlcm* cb. l, p. 13. [F. * w. ioa.j Fe) 5 Fe,(OH) < (SO 1 ) 1 .,. 1611,0), that crystallizes in the slave traffic that formerly was conducted by ships sailing 

[< L. mercedariuit, one who pays wages.] hexagonal system. [< META- -f- VOLTAITE.] this course. 

mer'cu-ry, n. [Additional sense.] [Local, U S] The met"a-xy'len-ol, mefa-zai'lcn-51, n. Chem. Same as ml'errs-lte, mai'erz-ait, n. Mineral. A brittle yellow 
poison-ivy (Rhus Toxicodendron). Called also black XYLEXOL silver iodid (Agl), that crystallizes in the isometric sys- 

mercary. mef'a-zo'nal, mefa-zn'nal, a. Anat. Situated be- tern. [< Prof. II. A. Mere.] 

me're, raS're, n. 1. Same as MERI. 2. A miniature of yond a sclerozone. [< META- -J- ZONAL.] niTcM-ite, mai'es-ait, n. Mineral. A brown variety of 

the war-club, made of greenstone and worn as an article of MletIl"I-lep'i-a, meth'i-lep'si-a, n. Pathot. Insanity pyromornhite that contains calcium. [ < Miex, Bohemia ] 
Jewelry. caused by alcoholic poison. [< Gr. methy, wine, + Kp- mi''Ben -ie'le, mi'gen -le'te, n. l Porto IUco.] A klng- 

mer'ifer, n. [Additional sense.] [Recent.] A com- fis, taking holdj tlsher. 

mercial combination in which a number of interests or meth'un, meth'ttn, n. [Anglo-Ind.] The gaur. nn-i h'- i"l"snoil-ctle / , n. [Additional iihrase.] native mi- 
companies are merged in one: a trust. oont. Kiionette [Tasmania], a hardy, perennial, slender, simple 

mer"l-he'dral, n. Same as MERIHBDRIC. mcth'yl, n. [Additional compounds.] meth'yl'ben"- or slightly branched herb (stackhouxia linaris^folitn of the 

mer"i-he'drllll, mer'i-ht'drizm, n. Math. Merihe- zin, n. Chem. Same as TOLUENE. m.n hlorid, n stackhouse family (StiKkhouniacexl, with linear or lanceo- 
dric isomorphism. Chem. Chlormethane (CH 3 C1| : a local anesthetic.- m., late leaves and racemes of white flowers. 

mer'i-ki, mer'l-kl, m [Chatham Isl.] A rallinc bird (Cii- farfurane. n. Mineral. Native tellurium.- Ul.ilndo!, mi"ha.ner'p, ml-fl-nar'g, . [Austral.] A Maori who ha; 
bain* ittefrnbiKhii " Chfm. skatole. accepted the Christian religion: probably a corruption of 

me"rl-aa'qoe, mf'ri-nya'ke, n. [Philippines.] A stiff fab- meth"yl-a'Uon, metlril-e'shun, n. Introduction of '*io. 

rtc made from plantain flber, In Spanish crinoline: a native the methyl radical CII,; treatment by methvl alcohol iTlI-Ka'lll-a, mai-ke'Lor -kg']ni-a, n. Bot. A large 
name. nieth-yn'tlc, meth-is'tic, a. Intoxicating [<Gr genusof twining herbs or erect shrubs of the aster family 

mer-in'iic, mer-ls'tlc, o. DM. Same as METAMERIC.S. methyMkos, intoxicating ] (ComposUa), closely resembling Evjiatorium, the prin- 

mr'ro, me'ro, n. [Sp. AmJ One of several large serrauold met'l-kal, met'1-ko.l, n. [MET'I-KAL oil A Bulgarian cipal difference being that its heads are uniformly tour. 
hen, u the guasa or Jewish, etc. m.-'i cm . mcasun or weight; 208 metlkal = 1 kilogram, or 2.20 pounds flowered. It embraces about 150 slx-cies, mostly tropical 

niiTo-, i-omlnning form. [Addifional terms ] mer"o- llll'l'o-cli) , met'o-ki, n. The interrelation of a parasite American. Two are found in the United States, of which 
hrd'ric, a. Same as MERIHEDRIC. mer"o-plank- and Lost-insect when not known to be injurious [<(ir " "amlenn Is the clImhlnK hcmpwced. 
lon'ic, a Btol. Living a part of the time at or near the metoche, sharing ] [ < .1. C. Mikmi, Bohemian botanist.] 

rne'r^n ihen''l^^n'er- g th,t'(?'" Z ' A<M H PO - lnt r , ed ^i ] ""^"tree-tal'lc, mftrec-tat'ic, a. Pertaining to the ' ' [Additional phrores.]- car mile., In railroad- 
Tr^'ndera'ifce'orstre-n^ ln & h'&a^Tfp- ^SS^^S^ " ^^^ [< *' + Si" I WgiSc^ an?^^^^ 
SKr*" 11 * ' * Gr ' mlm '' th ' 8h ' 4 itht ^ me:,re^.y, 8l m n 8 :e r c'to-mi, n Sura. Excision or ^fS^a^^K^aSSfSK^&S^L 
Me"a-cl''iil-a me'a-<ltT<' -di'lnij, , n*i A removal OI tne uterus. [< METR- 4- (r. ektomf, cutting.] rate of carriage per mile of each passenger or ton of freight. 
' tall .mriith \n?, J i"?k , , -i me-trop'a-thy, mc-trep'o-thl, n. Same as METROPATHIA ml"lieu', mily*', n. [F.l Environment. 

H of the aster family under MTg3. mll'l-ta-ry, a. [Additional phrases.] - military 

ofa, arm, ojk; t, fare, mccord: element, f r = over, eight, = usage; tin, machine, g = renew; obey, no; net, nor, atm; full, rule; bat, burn; aisle; 
tf CroM^cfcrcncee to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference IB to the main vocabulary. 

mv. lar,-l, 

^^ [ S l A cuckoo.shrike of Sa 

- mou'l-mo-llte, men'i-mo-lait, j^a, A s 


n ~ w^z^pS^^^-s n-K^q^ss^^^,, 

them; as, to mi/* the market. tozoon. [< (ir. mita, thread, -f 5mrt,T>ody 1 rVi i-.- 

milk, n. [Additional compounds, etc.l-mllk'.bunh", ml ! i val !- mltz'vu, . [MITZ'VOTH.P/.J [Heb.] A command ' or '. n - [Additional sense.] In hydraulic mi- 

d m a contriv here- 

iiioiio-i-iiiioiiH, a. Same as MONOBIIINAL. inon"o. 
era? f m,r,7u' l( F\!'-,f hfm - A carbohydrate with the gen- 
Same as MONOSKMI<"-~ "'"" ~" enle / "' A ' Pros ' 

, , . . corn. entrance rt but on' t pOTSSJSo?tnt?n ?^"^ormj 

, We " ">tion ouraelve. on two heads of mohindi three times* unltar y fertilization as opposed to polyspermy.- mo ''o- 
$ , T ; "-, pAI " tK Experiences in Equatorial Africa A u D 8pe r'"v. i , c ! a -~ 'non"o-8lcr'e-o-Bcope, w An instni- 
86 ' [8 ' W J P ' me " t * nlci > Produces the stereoscopic effect by the use of 

.. ^ m ~x_. ..j. _ . , p . a single lens. See STEREOSCOPE iiimi"i,-i/.'i,i 

Piit/wl. Monotonous speech.- >l "., rn\,'"i" Jlot 
A genus of low herbs of the Indlan.pipe f . ml 73r"notro'. 
a . em .racing but two species. , at lye, of the with- 

iio'ki-lii, UKVki-hi. n. [Austral.) A light raft constructed 

K^^^SS^!^*^ ? "* e 

iiu' mn'lm \i.,..,. i w , i-_. ."il__ means ti 


--. ,<,.!, u. me conveyance of one person nio'ki 

...-.ail Kopn, mi-miu'seps, . .Sof. A genus of trop- mo'ko, mo'ko. [Maori.] I. , To tattoo I re The "~";/ i~"- - u-pcgume. 

ical trees of the sappdilia family (Sa/xrfawaO, usually na "ve system of tattooing. Mon"oc-teii-I'l-de, men"ec-ten-ai'i-dt or -I'i-de 

large with a milky juice, smooth entire leaves, and small m k ""'ko, n. [Austral.] The New Zealand beJl-blrd A fan Iy of geometroidean moths characterized bv 
white flowers in clusters. About 30 species have been ino'kuk'''m"kuk'"'''''iN- Sl ' 1! i" ELL " B ' IiD (2) ' the wing venation, whose caterpillars are known as 

iSSSy^jK ^if*'Ji' k fS^ n . ,t h , e . wil d sappdilia, blreh-bark casket' or 'hainpt" witil mt"hand^i A Ind ' an ^Sfr^S ^ Paleacri ( a rnata and Alsoph.Ua pome- 

no'lad. mo'lod, re. [HebT^Tteran'y, blr?i: 8 ihe period of JSSt.'if^K""*' ^*V* comb ..] 


eS^ s ^" ;:;s rF : F^- >'W' " Ssine - -o,^^ &z^K$s^ i j spar if i h n7SSJS 

h^ingre.nains.ntact^neto-corficariesfoV^'-^^i^;^ ^n^^' in'tie ffl"^^?'? " 

'"' '"". ;. [Additional phrases.l- miner's ri s ht, in A ,f fl y-wh,te lead s.'lenite (PI,SeO s ), that crystallizes in moo-doo'gafn "\\", ,nS dn . 1" " s"c "blclnd^ on 
m n ,Vh?, - th ^ rlght f 5 mfner to d '8 for precious metals th , e orthorhombic system. < Or. molybdos, lead, + moo'a-d|., unTg(,-di. . Tx -Am ind | FSSotofioSSZ 
on public lands occupied by another for agricultural pur- mSnl < moon.] tomm poattrllo) of Upper Snake river Iclalit. 

gSld -fcear'lp 1 af n,Tr " r ,? r ";; c ' <1 "T M r '" dlgtar mo ''" ell . [Additional sense.] Tendency or trend, ">ooi-praiii' , mo-l-i.'ruf. . I s.-Afr. I) To compliment 

sS?^ = fesfe "ov SSSSK SJ^$^VRRSJSR^ %a^Bv^ fewiiSSSt 

,,, y aragtewfeffjSEsBJaas^^ 

n ini ilii -inn .;;>,.; ' lo . "' ltl1 ""' OpOSBUm In hid ng. 

in The areas i eri "'"""'J" 1 '' mnn'Ju, ._ Same as MUN.IA. 

iiilii'er-al a. [Additional phrases.]- mineral jelly 

( (jft&rn..\. npt.rnh-iim follir.^n^,, _ __. ,, J ." 

Same as MO.A 

producing. |<I,. morbiis, disease, + -OENOUS.] 

rlca, some of which arc cultivated. [< 

the Maoris (In 1832) 

ino'roii-o-lite, mo'ren-o-lait, 77 

Mineral. A variety 

of jarosite that contains less of the alkaline elements 

to transparent brown, reddish. "or yellowish phosphat 

than the formula requires. [< Gr. moron, mulberry, + 

_T Jar S e - nioini. mond, re. 

iSSfa'.T'S JS'L;L..l H l b .-l._, A collection of 10 males _ mouth of a river. 

ny,,, mnyan. . [Heb.] A collection of 10 males "i of rver. ' tdrta r e " r -f '' soce " e P <=<" 

X n rlgmafname nyBng ' "' lAUStra '- J A kltchen.mldden: new lord- r,.,, I ^l V,,'?"' tt'ual"^^.^"',? mor-pl.c'a, mer-ft'a or -fC-'a, - ^W<rf. A skin-dis- 

^S^#BffiHK FE'Si:fESiS^| n S^ 

ml"o-p,->dl-a. mis-o-nt'di-o. P/^; nr, tS2j?J!S"2* T ' "" '' Call(!d a ' so red=,fo B or yel- Mor'ni ' '2 i 

An easy chair with adjustable back 

e i JTomotitinni iiri/llnrinn) parasitic on " 1 - t " oiiveiuence into lour [amines See nioxs'ii < Tn'nit w 

American locnsttorarasshoppersae well asonoffierorthop- FUN I IMPEBFECTI*. [< L. monile, necklace.l polii mi tnt } mrier< r; * metallic-black Iron, 

J^^^^^S^ffi5i^ a iB TM; ! 2Sf* IBaitR 




... 1 . A moss-p.ant or bryo- 

, ,. ..!, |, .,., ,-i/tirrnii luillm takliiK its epithet from 
e r l*c!lorof tlii- flakes ofbark which peel off tin; stem. 

. ___ ,; of/.,, / 

y"co-my-ce'toUB, mai co-mai-st tps, o. .Bo/ 

iiv potatonii., n. A moth (Ola solantlla) whose yu-lel ur -Hit, -le'ted. Same as MI LTI 
rplllar feeds on potatoes.- royal in.. au I"'P" B| ! niu^'tl-plia'sef, mol'O-fS'zer, n. 

of the root-hairs, whose formation it suppresses, some 
of Its forms are supposed to be due to truffles, others to 
certain species of earth-star ( Geanter). [< Or. myHk, fun- 

. i ntom.t. a citheronioid molh (AnuoUl 

[Local, U. 8.]. "a surface quarry worked only In detached gee tui, pp. of woo, cut.] f active base (C,H n NO). [< Gr. mydoe, decay.] 

masses of rock overlying the solid rock: sometimes con- m ulti-vin'cu-lar, mortl-vln'kluOar, a. > Havtng i manyj>r m y (Trill, { mid'rin, -rtn, n. Chem. A white soluble 

, .(uvu "t 

motlon-controlllng portion of the brain. in. point, the 
point In a muscle where a motor nerve enters, wbl 

lcb causes m 

l"e"dVd"oni' bamboo canes, used In southwestern India. niy"el-o-tox'tn, mai'el-o-tex'in, n. A specific cyto- 
lun'du. rndn'du, n. [Afr.] A blll.hook used by. the Man- ^^ D acting on myelin in nerve-cells. See CYTOTOXIN*. 


[< MYELO- 4- TOXIN.] 

iv-eii'ta-818, mai-en'ta-sis, n. Pathol. Exte 

through or between their underlying rocks. .... 
nu'Vi-el-a'ifO, mu'thl-el-Q'go, n. Same as 

u"cl-nu'rl-a. miu-si.niu'rl-o, n. Pathol. The con- ""s^rvice'Teld by 'the Jews in addition to tne morning 
dition in which mucin is present in the urine. [< MUCIN prayers on the Sabbath and on festivals. 
J- rmiiK 1 Mus-ca'rl, mus-ke'rai or-cg'n, n. Bot. A genus of 

bulbous herbs of the lily family (LUtacese), closely allied 
to and resembling Ilyacinthus, known as grape-hya- 

muck'.mluck", mnc'-a-luc", n. Same asMUELCK*. 

MIIII k'el, mok'et, n. A unionid mussel (Lampnlu 
ligamentinwt) of the Mississippi basin, the nacreous 
shell of which is used for pearl buttons, mou'gat}; 

Mu"co-ra'ce-. mi& co-re'se-t or-ro ce-e, n. pi. Sot. . , . 

The principal family of fungi included in the group Mu- mllll ' e i e , S ound", n. Phygiol. The sound produced 

clnth or globe-hyacinth. The known species, aoout 40, are 
natives of Europe and the region around the Mediterranean. 

what naturalized In the United States. 
: LL. mvicut, musk.] 

myrmecophilons plants, plants that are protected 
from caterpillars and other leaf -eaters by certain small 
and fierce ants which they shelter and nourish with secre- 
tions of honey. They are mostly tropical, among the 
best-known examples being the Bankslan rose of China, 
the trumpet-tree (Cecropia peltata) of the west Indies, 

coraiee. See MUCOR. mu co-ra ceons, a. by a muscle when in contraction. 

Mu"co-ra'le, mltt-co-rS'ltz or -rg'les, n. pi. Hot. A m {i ( , C o-vH-i-za'tlon, mus'co-vit-i-ze'shnn, n. Geot. 
group of fungi, forming a, division of the Zygomycetei, Tne proce8B O f changing a mineral or rock more or less 
and embracing all its families except the Entomaphtho- : ', Bmunvlte 
race*. It includes the saprophytic molds. See ZYGO- M L"co"vy K la SS . Same as MICA. 

JESaLaUrt** a. Mueronate. [< L. SM^KT^' fi. %% ^Is^ss,, 

, A group 

of polypetalous dicotyledons with epigynous, usually 
four-parted flowers and the calyx commonly prolonged 
beyond the ovary. It includes about eight orders or fami- 
lles,of which 3fyrtace<e Is the type, the others being the Ona- 
gractx, Lythracese. Halorages. Melastomaces:, Combreta- 
<**, Rkuophoracye, and Blattiofex. The last, however, 
' usually Included In the genus Puntca of the Myrtacme. 

[Tasmania] The 

A genus of tropic.,, 

climbing, or twining plants of the bean family (tegunu- 
no&e), with trlfollolate leaves, raceme* of large purple, 

JJ Australia and the mvTtte family except where other- 

plum, blue m. 

. Same as MCSK-BAO, 2.- m.,parrakeet, n. A small 

, , , parrot or parrakeett Tricfioglosmittcnticinnuft) of Australia: . , 

red, white, or yellow flowers, and thick, leathery pods named from Its musky odor. in. pod, n. Same as MUSK- pentamera) of the ebony family, belonging 

covered with stinging hairs. It embraces about 20 spe- BA ?-?- New 

cle,of which if. prurUTu, the cowhage, and if. urent, the niU!.k'i-iiioot,miik l-miit.ri I Brit Am.] A sack, usually (BoW , small handsome tree ( mnotnu tht/r^lorusai 

Florida bean, are the best known. See VZLVKT.BEAN'. of Bkln for holding pelts of fur-animals gathered along a e i ega ^ S ) of western California, with glossy green, toothed 

[Brazilian 1 line of traps leaves and brlght.Wue flowers In dense clusters. Called 

imad.n. [Additional compounds.]- mud'=dab"bler, n. must, a. Being in a state of must; frenzied. See also blue blossom and California lilac.- brush'. 

The common kllimsh.-mua.fat, a. [Austral.] Unctuous MUST, n. myr"ll<>, n. Either of two trees: (1) The red myrtle. (2) 

and plastic like mud mudilark. n I Additional sense ] muH"tah'fuz. mOs'ta'fflz, . [Turk.] The second reserve A small tree (Trochocarpa laurlnn) of the cpacrld family 

[Austral ] .SameasMAOi-ix-LAKK. mudipol. n. [Western of the Turkish military forces, corresponding to the Ger- (Eparrldacese), also cultivated In greenhouses. (fray in., 

- - 

[A . 

U.S.] A geyser that throws up mud. 

A clay pigeon. See under 

. . 
.. . ud>rerer:.- 

mudisaucer, n. [Slang.] A clay pigeon. See under 
x mudiHunllih. a. A sunflsh (Acantharchim po- 
) of muddy streams from New York to South Carolina. 

man landsturni. 

Conscript* re divided into the first and Mcond levien. The for- 
mer er yeun in the Nizm. . . . 8 yea in the Redif , . . . luid 
6 ye* in the Mustahfuz; at ye in all. 

Statesman's Vear-Boofc 1901, pp. 1132-1133. [MACM. 1901.] 

ma-dt'ri-eh, mu-dl'rl-e, a. [Egypt.] A province, consti- 
tuting one of the 14 minor administrative divisions of Egypt Mu-taz'i-lim. mlu-taz'l-llm, n. pi. Same as MOTAZILIH*. 
proper. Statesman'* fear-Boot 1901, p. 1155. mu"les-sa / ri-fat, mOHes-sa'rf-fat, n. A Turkish sub- 

Rtuir wet, mug'wet, a. The sweet woodruff (Asperula province. Called In Tripoli mutessariflick. 
ocforata). mu'to-ncope, miu'to-scop, n. A kinetoscope operated 

S^a"e;n 0k mQM^ b J h "nd. [< L muto, change, + -BCOPE.] 

nu^'i H " y |m'* mut'ton.bird" tree. [New Zealand.] A tree (Senfcto 

The Khalih. per,^, without farther ado, lo S^g^'fcl^aS"-?^"* 1 " 8PPirent f n<lDe88 f 

join hia family, who were still located in a tent in the Beit el Mai, , 

ending with him a mtilaztm to show the way. SI.ATIS PASHA .-- . 

Ftre and Sword (n fkc Sudan ch. 10, p. 223. [K. A. ';.] (Elec.), Induction between two circuits, one of which has 

1 1_ native mul- a current of varying Intensity. 

, . 

a small tree (Aicl-Aowrfa myrtifolin) Called also lanre- 
wood, native myrtle, and scrubanyrt le, ana touiia 
also In greenhouse cultivation. native m., any one of 
several shrubs or trees: (1) The gray myrtle. (2) A second 
shrub of the same genus (Bat-khniiKiii rtlriwiora). (3) 
The red myrtle. (4) The blueberry-tree (Myoporum ser- 
ralitm). red m., a smooth ;hrub (bugemii murtifolnit 
of Queensland and New South Wales with roundish red ber- 
rle, of ten cultivated In greenhouses. riilge=lli., H .A tree 
(Mtlaleuca genutlfolia) In Its native habitat, a shrub In 
greenhouse cultivation. scrub.m., n. Same as HATIVK 
MYBTLE (l)'and(2).- iree.m., . Atrw.tCeanothuaar- 
bnrtut) of the Islands off the coast of southern California, a 

tree ( Tri8tanianeri(foliu). Calledalso waterarumtiree, 
and cultivated In greenhouses. white m., either of two 


. [U. 6. Army.] A master of wagon transportation. C. R. IHRVKS Plant Life pt. IT, ch. 24, p. 333. [H. H. * co. '98.] o |] o f tne common myrtle (Myrtut communie), and used 

iiiul'ga, mnl'go, n. Anyoneof several acacias, especial- my'all, mal'Bl, n. [Austral.] 1 . A tree (Acacia perutula), in medicine chiefly as a disinfectant. [< MYRTUS + -OL.] 

ljr ^^'S^fSl a "" ' the ri <l d ert interior of Aus- SSfiyggLSSfS S^"fcS*toi*ta l M!,VBontfe my^so-pho'bl-a, mai'so-fo'bi-a, n. Pathol. A morbid 

-r.lK. , ,x,-,,,|i, li; ^, ;,,, ,,,!,,,:!. I,- d^-brown X^ i^V^'^^T,"^ '." SSLl 80 ^ fear-.f beinK,,lh,te,il,y ( ,M,ta,-t with object,, orofl,,-!,,.; 

very hard and Is nsed by the : natives for boom- weeping myall. 2. In Victoria, a tree (Acacia homa- unclean. [< Gr. mytot, nncleanness, +phabeS, fear.] 
ars, and other similar purposes. ' 
. Anreel, succulent, edible gall formed 

. . , . . , 

_ pears, and other similar purposes. lophylla), known generally as gldgee. See OIDGEE*. 3. myth-og'o-ny, mlth-eg'o-nl, a. Same as MYTBOOBNKSIS. 

Any one of various other acacias, usually with an epithet >l n li'rn. a. Same as MIT 

sofa. Arm, fjnk; at, fare, accord; element, er = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, = renew; obey, no; not, nor, atom; full, rule; hot, burn; aisle; 
\f Cross-referencea to words In the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterislt the reference ie to the main vocabulary. 

myxedcinic 2161 noca 

V o ?< n" tan ' dra> nec : tan/dra ' Sot. A considerable nep'tun-lte. nep'tiun-[or -chun-]ait, n. Mineral A 

niyx-np'o-ilaii, mlx-ep'o-dun, a. Myxopodous. tropical American trees of the laurel vitreous black iron-manganese, titano-silicate ((FeMn) 

my-x"o-tlial-lopu'y-ta, mix-o-tha-lef'i-ta, re. pi. nllv l-^awrocea). TV. Itodixi, the greenheart, yield- TiSiO,), that crystallizes in the mouoclinic system "f< 
1W. The lower of the two divisions of the Thallophyta, i&huri? KrVJ" theVu*hiiH n h b n e ^!! ar Bi . a , n ,?, ^ NEPTUNE.] 

made by Engler (1893), and nearly or entirely equivalent BEAN, under BEAN), or sassafras-nut -lire the bMt.ku, wn "er'kA.nefka n. The blue-back salmon, ner'ker}. 
to Mummycttes (which see). Bugler's other division is species. N. cinnamomoiiles in the IshDlniro Sou SANTA llerve> " (Additional phrase.] nerve of arrest, a 
the Euthallophj/ta, which Includes the remainder of the F CINNAMON'. [< Gr. nel-tur neetar + atier male 1 ' "ervehavingtlieeffect of depressing orarrestlng a function. 
Thallophyta [< Gr . myxa, mucus, + (hallos, young nec'tar=jjulde", n. Sot. A colored line or spot found ner y u : ra '". nervm-re'shun, n. The arrange- 
branch, + ph v ton, plant.] on certam flower ^ and sllppoged to ide i I1B ccts to the me , nt , of n er r e 8 of the wings of an insect, ner'vii- 

nectar. iiec'tarsspof't la'tlon;. 

Nnec'tar-fn(e, .. [AdSltional phrase.] -native nectar. ne ,? f ^iS' F as ' "' Any fungus of tne famll y Nldularia- 
ine [Austral.], one of the emu-apples (Omtila mtaiila). ,25Sit l ItV.* n^-tU'f i 
nec"tar-Iv'o-rous, nec'tar-iv'o-ros, a. Nectar-eat- "^."''i:?, 'hi',"', ^ "'"' e as NSTOTHERAPY. 

Nab'a-lus, nab'Q-lus, n. Bot. A genus of perennial In 8- feeding on nectar. [< Gr. nektar, drink of the nct'-kiiot'' n aol Same as CHROMOSOME 
herbs of the aster family ( Cotnpositsi), long regarded by _%,+ J;- mm, / eat.] neiir-, i combining forms. [Additional terms.]- neu- 

some botanists as a subgenus of Prenanthes, with alter- nee'dlc=busli", n. Either one of two Australian trees neurl-, \ rec'ta-sis, M Same as NEUBECTASY neu 
nate, variously lobed or cleft leaves, and terminal panicles characterized by fine sharp spines: (1) The water-tree neuro-, ri'a-try, n. Study of nervous as seoarate 
or axillary clusters of greenish or purplish, usually (Hakea leucoptera). Called also beefwood and pin<biuh. from mental disease.- neu'ro-blaHl, n [Additional 
drooping heads of ligulate flowers. About 30 species w An acacia (Acacia ngens.) sense. 1 A part of the nervous system of an inseetrcsultliiK 

are known, natives of America and Aila. See BATTLE- neg'a-Iv(e=clasp", neg'Q-tiv-clgsp", n. Phot. A wire from hlstolysis In the larva. ncn"ro-chi'tin, n. Or- 
SNAKE-ROOT. t< Gr. noftia.harp.] clamp for holding photoeraohic neeativeH made on nlnton fanic Chem. A substance constituting the framework of 

nacht'maal, norn'mal. n. [S.-Afr. D.] The quarterly nes'i-noth, n pi [ \ddftlon al sense 1 Accent lnd?o^f' n ustl 8 6ue.-iieu'ro.lite, n. Mineral. Ayellowhy- 
communion service in the Boer Church. point" as used In Hebrew Those for thi"nm. hontl nf drated "lunilnum silicate that Is closely related to pyrophyl- 

na-ga'na, na-ga'na, n r Afr.] Pathol. An African disease the Old Testament and for' the poetical book? differ llte ' and ln a PP earan ce resembles wood with a shiny luster. 

of cattle and horses originating from a htematozoon Intro- nc'*li' ; . n Saine as NiriHFi'.Fmii -neu-rom'er-ism, n. Biol. The segmentation of the 

ot cattle and Horses originating f rom a ntematozoon Intro- ne'Kro.figh", n Same as NIGOER.FISH -nen-rom'er-Igm, n. Jtiol. The segmentat 

duced into the blood by the tsetse ( Olossina morntans). iiei'la, na"lu ;" I lie I The closin Jnart of the servW fnr nervo 8 system. 
na-kliod', na-ked'.Ti. See In table under WEIGHT. the Day of Atonement neu'ro-dln, niu'ro-din, n. Chem. A colorlei 

:ss poison- 

iian-i.-ccpli'al-lNiii, nan-o-sefol'-izm, n. Pathot. organism's living on or near the surf ace of seas or oceans. 

The state in which the head is disproportionately small [< Gr. n8*tas, swimming.] nev'yan-sklte, nev'yon-skait, n. Mineral. A tin- 

[< Gr. nemos, dwarf, + kep/iall, head.] nel'a-van, nel'a-van, n. Pathol. A sleeping-disease wmte alloy . ln(llum an<1 osmium with other platinum 

nan"o-ceph'a-lous, a. of the Africans. ' metals occurnng in flat scales. L< Neviansk, town in the 

na'nold, ne'neid, a. Affected with nanism or nano- nel'ma, nel'ma, n. A large salmonoid fish (Stenodus Ural J 1 *^^ 
somia. [< Gr. nanos, dwarf, + -OID.] ndma) of Siberia, related to the inconnu of the Mack- news /s tand", mflz'-stand', n. A stand, as in a rail- 

na-pel'lln, I na-pel'in, -In, n. Chem. A white com- enzie river. way-station or on a street, on which newspapers and peri- 

fiomc acid (C, H S NSO S ), used in dye-manufacture. 
Gr. naphtha, naphtha.] 

[< Ne-moph'1-la, ng-mef'i-la, re. 
annual American herbs of the 
Nar"co-bat'l-dae, nar'co-bat'i-dl or -de, re. pi. A fam- phyllaceie), with fragile, slender 

k (Anas ouataleti) 
!] The sooty tern 

MoJhS'lSS'SS nle/ P a - n!/ 

[< NIDUS + -LOOT.] 

n.^ [Native.] A Ceylonese and Malayan 

rt ^>B > h - 

udooi l^Jew YorkjNov 3 i* 581 col 2 nl - ttl " Bo( - A enus of P alm8 of southern Calffornla oaceie), yielding the mepa bark. See in table under 
Nar-thp'rl-nm nflr thi'ai tim L thS'tiTn B /' an<1 western Arizona, from 20 to 40 feet In height, with large BARK", n. 

-ma or -the kl-um, n. Sol. spreading orbicular fan.ghaped leaves and white flowers, nig'gelvchub", n. Same as OUTLIPS, 1. 

A small genus of erect, perennial marsh herbs of the lily Its one species, N..fllifera, formerly Washtnatonia Jill/era, iiiu'ecrsgroose", n. [Local, U. S.I A cormorant. 
lumily (LUtwese), with simple stem, grass-like leaves, and said to have yielded aflbrous material to the Indians, Is now nlg'ger-liead, n. [Additional sense.] A Mississippi 
terminal racemes of ye low or yellowish flowers. JV. <wi- _, cl ; / I vated In greenhouses rJver mussel or unionid (Ouadrula ebena) used in the 

fraaum Is the Lancashire asphodel or bog-asphodel of Eu- Ne"o=He-bra'lc, nfo-hg-br6'ic. I. a. Of or pertaining pearl industry 

P^^SThttt^^elw 1 ,^^^^ 


rivlle^eftC^TOT NEO- + HEBBAic.T * ni'pa, . [Additional sense.] A palm-tree of the genus 

nation most highly favored by either. neon, nl'en, . Vnem. A gaseous element isolated Nipa, whose leaves are used for the thatching or siding 

na'live, a. [Additional phrase.] native tiger [Aus- J r < argon by Ramsay in 1898 at a very low temperature, of huts; also, its leaves soused, or sap used as a drink 

tral ], same as ZEIBRA.WOLF. [< Or. neos, new.] See NIPA. nl'pa<palm"i. 

na'tlve, n. [Additional senses.] 1. In Australia, for- Ne"o.Pa"le-o-zo'ic, ni'o-pe"le-o-zO'ic, n. Ged.The The surprike was compete Two of the savai, w, ,tr,,^ in 

merly an aboriginal, now a native-born white. 2. The later portion of Paleozoic time including the Upper the .tom2 n bj"i. knee? w?th such for* thttT^n agafmt tiS 

a Smni ' rail?/, ' e8pe lall y a . fter " ha8 separated from Siluric, Devonic, and Carboniferous. [ < NEO- + PALEO- ! "^ <* a* hck, it gave way behind then, >*! a clond 

a school. Called also rock native. ZOIC.] of dust from the dried nipo the whole side of the house fell out 

na tron-cat"a-plel'ite, ne'tren-cafa-plai'ait, n. nc-o'za=nut" n One of the edible seeds of the npo7. Jfeio ForA: Herald Dec. 23, 1901, 2, P . 4, col. 2. 

Mineral. A variety of catapleiite in which the calcium pine ' nlp'per, . [Additional sense.] Crust. A prawn-like 

is entirely replaced by sodium. neph"el-Ie'e-nous nefel-ii'e-nne a Born of the crustacean (Ah/hem edwardsi) of Australia. 


taming to Neanderthal See NEANDEBTHALOID. ntpheiiaeno*, accompanmeS S u NilT gentfy na?co Ae nl ,?' JVi, /"- [slang ' ] Not; no; In no respect. [Cor. of 

e-aii'ic, ne-an'ic a. Stol. Nealoglc. [< Gr. neo, new.] over-wearied brain, o W. HOLMES AtlanticJuontllaS^i. m m ?-,?5/ ,'\ i .M/I 

Ne"an-*hrop'lc, nfan-threp'ic, n. Geol. Accord- [< Gr. nephelH, cloud, + gigmmuA, bear.] nl-tld'i-ty,ni-tid'i-ti,n. Thestateof being shiny; gloss- 

ing to Dawson, the more recent portion of the Anthropic, nepli'el-old, nef'el-eid, a Clouded or soiled applied I? e89; br ' nianc y- C< L. mtidttas, < mteo, shine.] 
in which the area of land had become by subsidence especially to fluids, as urine. [< Gr nevheK cloud -I- nl * ra -Sln, nai'tra-jin, re. A nitrifying bacterium. [< 
smaller than in the Palanthropic. [< NE- ' 

g o ews aw , . 

ne'ben-kern" ne'ben-kern- n I KITR-VF nl 1 R,W ne l>h'rimii, nef'rizm, re. Pathol. Severe suffering those of glacier-ice, called gladation. 

A paranucleus [G < reS'near +ken ^'nucleufl from k'dney-disease. [< Or. nephroe, kidney.] Theeffectaof glaciation and nivation* found, si 

ne-bn'II iim nV^ hin'H nm - ^T. T ?' ^" iS J K Plro-, combining form. [Additional terms.] - all elevation, from 10,000 feet up. F. E. MATTH* 

L ,i ' U S K ?t '. A . umdel >t'fled sub- neph-rosr'en-ous, a. Caused by. or originating In a Annual Hep. U. S. Oeol. Survey ft. ii.f.m. [im.^ 

stance discovered by the spectroscope in certain nebute. kidney.- neph"ro-pcx'y, n. Fixation of the kidn ej \y [ < L. ntoatof, cooled by ice.]- nl-va'ted a 

' - M " eral - ' 

= outi .Hi Iu=fJ, HJ = fntre; c = k; church; db = tt.; go, sing, Ink; .0; thin; .h = asure; F. bon, dttne. < 1/ro m.. t, ota** t, a 
DC6B to words in the Addenda are Indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


13) A o-cel'lar.a. 1. Same asoci ILIAB, 

a iweudomorphic stnicture in which one constituent, as 
feldspar, is collected into eye-like lumps not phenocryste 

certain specified capacities and without pay: a nail' MB. _over=clip OUK. sai ill A tree nflnwl 

. . u 
no'<.-lK'u'e-(ii.. no o-Jen -!, 

PATHOGKNY. nod o-ffe ut-a;; 

land, valued as a bulldtng.stone. 
r . , ,^t i 

'Guam.] A zosteropid bird (Zoster 

o'f cedit and converted Into cash in like inanner, but 

Or al'io*. pain.l to an oblation. o'da, O'dfl, n. An apartment in a harem, used as a 

n'ele-lc, nu'cle-ic, a. Organic Chem. Denoting an ob-la'tlon-a-r) . eb-le'shun-e-n. I. a. Keel. Charged 8choolroom . o 'dah$. 
acid orexent in oreanic nui-lii containine albumins with with or performing the duty of receiving the oblations. o / da i2 <ydal, . same as ODAL-OIL. See In table under OIL. 

wm A dUMlaalBBti/. i.-Vlf>ai. lllltv it lu In n-fclVf tile I .1 f<~lf A ....;... ..;,,.,! .. Tj.i,-..r in fl I y ! nil il'.'l 1 1 Pn. 

n'-ir -hTme" nu cie-o-cQim n mm s~u c ii KC- ob-lljt'u-iate, eb.lig'yu-let or -igt. a. But Obversely o-din'i-an, O"Uin-It'Ic. Same as ODI.VIC. 

c i VorHY LEM" ligulate: having the Tigule on the inner or lower side in- o'dln-lat, O'din-ist, n. One who worships Odm or is a 

u"cle-o-hl'ton nO'clg-o-his'ten, n. Organic stead of normally on the outer or upper side: said of a believer in Odinism. 

Uhem A nucleoalbumin first found in calf's thymus leaf or petiole. o-ilii'i;. o-dfl'e, n. A characinold flsh (Sarcodaca odd) of 

.nrt ~rhn irtpntirl with flbrinoeen. [ < NUCLEO- 4- ob-liqu''iio'BU-lar, a. Same as OBLIQVE.AXOLED. _ the Nile and other African rivers. __ M m ^ 

3th. [< 

'Q ( HflHlffntllntlM mlrvtprjjt } Ul I\mml. m^K^-Dt *,m*rmm, ... L -m . ,~7j J ~ 1_"."il" t-~" ] "v ..." B . n -- - - . ! 

n 1 n [Additional sense 1 A liparid moth (Psilura tension, domination by a tixed idea, to which the mind Or. odont, tooth, + rhtgnymt, burst forth.] 
monacka) injurious to forest-trees in Europe. continually recurs with distressing persistence. o"<loii-to-tlier;a-py, . S* "; " L"?""'"^ 

IIUP-tlal'1-ly nup-shal'i-ti, n. The proportion of . . . The henlthy mind does not continually l.rood or dwell on O -aooni ".'U"^', 1 /' n ,i,," ^timbers 

marriages to the population. t< L. nvptiall*, pertaining ^jf^^^'X^o* hj ' ' oc''<-l-o-liia'iil-a, rsi-o-me'ni-a or ei'ki-o-mg'ni-a, n. 

to marriage.] British Medical Journal May 24, 1902, p. 12M. Patfiot. An insanity about household subjects. [< Gr. 

nar ,%'"' 1 ?*'^"-' 5t 6 ." Kl lf"."i5i . om ^h n .ob'ti-nance,. . IRare.i Obstinacy. obNii-iin -,>:. oi*j o ,,. house. 4- mania, madness.] 

mll8 covite containing barium. 

!iyi-"ll-p'el-a"'l<-. nic-tl-pel-aj'ic, a. 

ern Australia and nthiT Old World tropical reidons. hlKhly jecta or phenomena; as, the occurrence of gold in a vein 

>fa, flrm, gk; at, fire, accord; element, jr = over, Sight, % = usage; tin, machine, t = rnew; obey, no; not, ner, atom; full, rule; but, born; aisle; 
f& ' Crots-referencee to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

officer plant 

ot*ll-cer*plaut", . Same as CHRISTMAS-BI'SH*. 



duty before all. 

.-","' """'"""T/ Jyin. ^Additional terms.] oKi-go. on'er-a-tivte, Bn'e.r-u-tlv.. (Hare.] Impost 

r>mli action. "\ e opposite of piaotaxif. oii'lybe-got'ten, a. Begotten as the sole issue or 

ofP'ly-tiijj, Sf'.lai-ing, a. Situated at a distance. i-gen-oit, n. Mineral. A variety of undisputed and incontestable heir: said chiefly oi Jesus 

oil' IMII. [Scot. & North. Eng.] A putting ofl or aside; sidente containing manganese carbonate. [< Or. ollgos, as the onlybeijotten Son of God. 

postponement.- oll'':pii t"ter, . o-iio'nld, o-no'nid, n. Chem. A dark-yellow amor- 

>rfret-He, ef'ret-ait, n. Mineral. A vitreous white ol"lg-u-re'sls, el'ig-iu-rt'sis, . 1'atliol. Deficiency phone compound (C 18 H.,,,O e ), contained as a neutral prin 

hydrated calcium-aluminum silicate (H^Ca^Al^SiO.),. m urine by reason of disease. [< Gr. olirjos, little,-}- ciple in the root of the rest-harrow /Ononis soinosa) and 

1UH.O), that crystallizes in the hexagonal system. [< Ojyfcto, passing urine.] used in medicine. [< L. ononis, rest-harrow 1 

Prof. Offrel, of Lyons, France.] O-lIn'I-a, o-liii'i-a, n. Bot. An anomalous genus of o-no'nln, o-no'nin, n. Chem. A white crystalline com. 

o"fi-ci'na, ii ft-si no, n. [Sp.] A workshop or manufactory, shrubs of the loosestrife family (Lytllrucese), known spe. pound (C SO H 34 O, ,), contained as a glucosid in the root of 

ofl'eii-tlme", f'n-taim'. I. a. Frequent. H. adv. ""> n " >"'+>> D ~. ^ *.., i i . C,-._-L r L _ 

Many a time; frequently, oft'tlmet. 

I V. * U I \ f M " uiu t ft. l_/*tc/ft. n I11LC ^1 VBUllilllC I OII1- 

shrubs of he loosestrife family (Lythracem), known spe. pound (C SO H 34 O 13 ), contained as a glucosid in the root of 

cially by the species O. cynitua, the hard-pear of South the rest-harrow (Ononis epinoea), and used in medicine 

Africa, bevcrnl other species are found in Abyssinia. [< L. ononis, rest-harrow.] 

vi biaiiajiaitTiit. II 1 1 * K I II II I'll , It. ^lUUUTU 111 U11HK.1II. um. mm tf n 

oil'y-ish, a. [Rare.] Resembling oil; somewhat oily. such leaf. 
o-jan'co, o-HQn'co n. [Sp. Am.] A lutlanold flsh (Lull- oj"o-ke'le, ero-ke'le, n. [Hawaii.] A bird, the iiwl. n"o"ki-ne'Httt' n" o kU t'l 

anus muhogonil of the West Indies, one of the snappers. ol"o-ma'o. el'o-ma'o, >i. [Hawaii.] A turdine bird (P/iee- _"..-*-----*'-" " , , 
o-ka'pl, o-kQ'pi, n. A giraffoid ruminant (Ogania '"' lnnaiens!*) of Lanai. 

jolmstoni) dis-overed in 1900 by Sir ^ o-mal'gl-a, o-muTji-a, n. PaMitf. Pain in the shoul- , 

Harry Johnston in the Kongo Free A -,?. e !J I < Gr. 5mo, shoulder, + q^<M, pain.] 

State in Central Africa, differing 

from the giraffe by its deer-like 

o'eld, a. Same asooiDAL. 

1-ne'gle, q'o-ki-ni'sis, n. Biol. The knryoki- 
netic transformations which take place in the develop- 
ment of an egg. [< Gr. Son, egg, + kintals, movement.] 
'........i m., ...I ., 'ine of the oopoda. [Anglicized form 

., , , . .M 

o'limii, o'mau n. IHawail.] A turdine bird (Phaornti o ^ra']I rS' n Same SH n-R.Hir 
obsciird) o-lo'tit:! n f~fvL 11. o-ru n, /i. oame as CI.RARB. 

oin"hc"vn' mu'h<'"vn'"jj FArl \ u-.,i- I,,.,M Oor'doo, fir'dO, a. & Ji. Same as URDU. 

De oor'loK, or'lBB, n. [S.-Afr. D.J War. 

We rode on alon? the broad road leading to the market-place 
and soon heard the dismal sound of the ombeya, which was the 
signal that the Khalifa had gone out on his horse. SLATIN PASHA 
fire and Sword in the Sudan ch. 10, p. 15". [E. A. '97.] 
om"be"yah / t. 

ice. ooze, a. Designating calfskin, sheepskin, goatskin, or 
other hide susceptible of a soft, velvety finish on the 
flesh side; also, denoting this kind of finish, or the proc- 

.,,- , ;, ,1 t CBS b y wnich '' ' 8 produced. 

oni'bri.fuge, ei'n'brl-fluj, n. [Rare. ] A place of shelter 'P n door. [Recent.] 1 . The policv of giving to all 
from a rain-storm. [ < Gr. ombros, rainstorm, -f- L fitoio nations the same commercial privileges in a dependency 
flee.] as those exercised by the dominant country. 2. Free 

om-brol'o-gy, em-brel'o-ji, n. That department of trade in a dependency, 
meteorology which treats of rainfall. [< Gr. ombrof, o'pen sea. Inter. Law. A sea or portion of sea which Is 

form, comparatively ^ - --- 

short neck and fore rai, + -LOOY.] om"bro-log'lc-al, a. 

legs, and the absence om'bro-pb.11, em'bro.fll, n. Bot. A plant that 

free to all nations; practically, by modern usage, the sea be- 
yond a distance of three miles from any coast-line. See 


o-ko'te, o-ko'te, n."The" 'candlewood pine. See under PINE. en!~t U 'Ha^^^^^ o'n-ex'i-len, . Bot. A genus of 

ii'him, o'lam, n. [Hcb.] An age; eon. fjnd* ",' wo?k oiii '' i 1 n'Tn 1 S AhuKS ft I shrub8 having five-cleft funnel-shaped corolla and short 

old, a. [Additional compounds, etc.] old', bone", vt speak In all tongues -oiii-iiil'o-nurnt a i CaDable of 8tamen8 inserted in the center of the tube, now included 

Tomanure with old bones. old=fanBled, a. Having a conversing upon all topics. oiii"i'i-lu'r,-iic. ,i Snlnlng to JZoHMWMo, [< Gr. aphis, serpent, -f xylos, wood.] 
fpndness^orjvhatJ^old.fashtoned.-qld^ranBledness, over all, at all times and everywhere. om"iii-nes'- o"pl-opll'a-gy, O'pi-ef'a-ji, ;;. l>alhol. The habit of 

cient f a. Ignorant of everything; universally ignorant. eating opium. [< Gr. opios, < oitos, juice,-}- ithannn 

om^ni-pres/naiit, ft. Of unlimited productive power, eat.] 

om"iii-scn'i'i^i I cnc < i''' r 'un'lversal"i'ut'le J iK;e "^i//' "P' 8 '*' l e-nar, o-pis'thg-nar, n. The back of the 
ni-tol'er-nnt, n. fnlversally tolerant ' hand - f< Gr - opist/lenar, back of the hand.] 

moph'a-Kist, o-mef 'u-jlst, n. Same as OMOPHAOUS. o-pls"tllo-dct'lc, o-pis'tho-det'ic, a. Behind the 11111- 

ship, oiii'o-phore, em'o-for, n. [Rare.] A bearer of burdens bo (of a bivalve shell), as the ligament: the opposite of 

BOLD.MAiDHOOD.-oldsinaiiU on hack or shoulders. [< Or. onion, shoulder, +phero, bear.] vrosodetic* . [< Gr. opisthodetos, found behind!] 

t'o-neid, a. Havii 
>pisthotonop. See under 
[< Gr. opistltotonos, drawn back, -f eidos. 

- oldsfnshioncdly, adi\ In an old-fashioned way 
old:flrld, n. Land which has long been under cultivation- 
particularly, In the United States, land cultivated by the ah- 
orlglncs. old hand, (1) One who has had previous 
training In any line. (2) A convict transported to Australia 
prior to 1853, when penal servitude was subi "' 

--.- jr - .. .....^...uted for o-moph'a-gist, o-mef 'o-jlst, n. Same as OM 

5HS2.iiffir? l 't a i d in h d._old.maldplMll| P , om_'o.phare, ern'o-for, . [kare.] 

iihl ni;i iiUh 

. , . . 

old. ma id- n bac'k or shoulders. [ < Gr. omos, shoulder, +pluro. bear.] prosod 

,-RM.ce to the"olJ,,nan" kangaroo Ve oSMAS "I 
ill hinaii fern [Tasmania], the tree-fern, -old/inan 
alt:bU8h, an Australian shrub (Atrtp/ex nummulari- 

;asoLD.MAii)isH.-oni= oni'piia-cne, enrta-sait, n. Mineral. A greenish, o"U-tllot'o-iiofd 'en'is tlmt'o imirt n 1 
IDISM. old.maiden- vitreous variety of pyroxene that is a common constituent ?haracten"tic o" ^appeamnce <If^ "" 

" f ""i "' t< - , 
&-\et:'to-my, em-fa-lec't 

8ten'ce8t,Loral, Scot.] Supplemental In 
J -*-- --- 

- , -- y form. [Additional terms.] o'le-o- on 

duct",)/. An oll.condult. o"le-o-mar'ita-ric, a. Of 
or pertaining to oleomargarin. 

ol.fa'ci-ent, el-fG'sl-ent, n. [Kare.] Anything that acts 
"< L oteo U eir r +"S 8 'mak Clte8 ' UC B * 6 ' 8me "' on -'- l ""- l - RIld ' en ' d sr-iaud, n. [S..Afr. D.J The interior of 

A large 

ol-fac'ti-bKe, el.fac'tl-bl, a. Capable of being smelled. on'=drlve", en'-draiv', ft. Cricket. To drive (a ball) 
l^< L-jiteo^ smell, + facto, make.] ol-Jac'ta-bl(ei. *-a.~~ 

bvFBl.f "" ****, in IL.VJ, ni, ok,ul,. DUUUICU1CUMU UlVlUeu LU1 t ,1) T ri "---, , . wa^o 

expense not covered livthe original cost- said of minini' Auntialian tree (.liii/ii/i/iurn luiireiilntiil of the myrtle fam- 
charges that are paid for by time. ' "y (Jrvrtiicecet. o.:pea, n. 1. Therap. A dried orange. 

oncost men, men wlio work on time-wage. seed inserted In a wound as an Issue-pea. See under ISSIIK, 

n. a. The young, unripe fruit of the C'uracoa orange, dried 
and used as a flavor for liqueurs or wines. o. sand for- 
mation (fleol.), same as LAFAYETTE FORMATION' o.- 
fpotted lizard, a species of lizard (NuulUniix tleaatu) 
found In New Zealand. o,=tree, n. '"" 

a country 
n' <l ri \ i 
to the on. 

- --- -r -- - =>- - , - - - - ".- & . u>u DJD- i 

ten., of an oHgarchy; devotion to such prm- o- 

n = e; B o, sing, ipk; so; thin; Z h = azure; F. boh, dflne. <, from; *, obsolete; ^variant 

Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference Is to the main vocabulary. 


Jl til 


or'der, n. [Additional phrase 1 Order of Quran Lake St. John and Its tributaries, regarded by many as palnt'er-lte, pf-nt\T-ait. n. Mneral. A dull-green 
" e. a Prussian order for women, founded by William identical with the land-locked salmon of M;iinr, vermiculite that has BUBO been classed as a chlorite, [< 

l.oniHc. a Prussian order for w< 
lit.. King uf Prussia. Aug. 3, 1814. 

or'dl-iia-ry, i>, [Additional phrases.] ordinary of 
arm*, a heraldic lexicon, or classified list of armorial 
bearing*. o. of the *<*HMOII t AV.-/. ,. th- Mtebllabed ordr 
of public worship as appointed for ferial dayn and ordinary 
Sundays during Trinity and the pre-Lenteu season dating 
from the octave of Epiphany. 

nr'du, Ar'dfi. n. [Turk.] An army corps. 

The guide had handed me the rod before the ouananiehe had James Pnihttr. of Middk'town, Pa.] 
start--.! on its journey in the direction of the sea, and wa* now act- |>n"ju-n'ja, pG'nu-u'llfi, n. [Guam.] The frigate-bird 
: ~ely plying hw paddle to enable us to overtake the fleeing hah, (jfreffQtQ (ti/nitui 

ju-ri'to. pu'im-l 

Two line regiment* form a brigade, two brifrad>*a and a rifle bat- 
talion form an iufantrr division, and two divisions form an ord't. 

J.SCOTT KELTIE Statesman's Year-Btxtle 11W1, p. 133. [MAI*. 

o'rend-lte, O'rend-ait, n. Pftrof. A dull reddish- 

brown vesicular igneous rock that consists of leuciteand 

sanidine with diopside and magnesian mica. on-li'iT* n*"/*ttkol. Same as ULITIS. 

O"re-o-dox'a, O're-o-dex'o, n. Hot. A small genus ou /| i a , </. Same us ULOID*. 

or a like purpose. 

n"kr'lin". pu'ke'hfi", n. [New Zealand.] A foreigner; 
heiuv. -A white man. 
pa-ki"ri-ki'ri, pu-kl'ri-kl'rl, n. [New Zealand.] A fish 

istic seances, or the like. 

The phenomena . . . consisted of hypnotism . . . and i 
board performance*. JAKES HYSLOP in Harper's Jfi 
April, 1900, p. 787. 

[S.-Afr. D.] A copper coin; specifically, (^fr^f-rci* cri*j. 

pak"kn'i, pak'koi'si, n. [S.-Afr. D.] 1. Baggage. 2. 

_ ,. . Pa"Ia>-o-spoii-dyl'I-d, pe"ll-[>r pg-i e -]o-8pen- 

of tropical American palms, of which O. OMrtMM, the ou'Mor-rhii/ei-a, M. Same as OULORRIIAGY. di!'i-d! or -de, n. m. A Devonian family of cyclian 

Wtst-lndian cabbage-palm, is the best known. [< Gr. Ou-ra'te-a, B-r6'[or -rg']tg-a, n> Bot. A considerable fishes represented by a single species known only from 
orw, moan tain, + rfora, glory.] genus of tropical shrubs or trees of the ochnad family a limited area in Scotland. Pa''le-o-spoM'dyl-U8, 


or"nan-o-ther'a-py, n. Same as OPTOTHBRAPY' 
o'rl-lorm, o'rl-fSrm, a. Having the form of a month. 

[< L. , mouth, -f -FORM.] 
o-rl'ley-lte. o-rai'le-ait, n. Mineral. 

per and iron arsenid that is found massi 

n. A remote or distant station; specifically. In Australia, a post-glacial Pleistocene, during which man appeared and 
pasture and shelter for stock detached from the main there was an extensive emergence of land. [< PALE- 
statton; substation. . _. . ._ + ANTHROPIC.] _ Pa"lavaii-throp'IeJ. 

nmllled rice: a Taga- 
[ Austral.] The blue- 
Having or bearing 

related to domeykite. L < Deputy Com 

taoan, Burma. j lue | WU |> UI BIUCKB or UOUUH: a uuuuii.iou ru&uiuug 111 iiiauc- ~ \H" "~t~~ 

oKiilIh-lnie, Sr'nith-in, n. Organic Chem. An mgre- quate dividends pal"e-a'ceou, pal g-fi'shins, a 

dient of the escrement of birds, constituting a basic sub- o"ver>cer"tl-fl-ca'tlon, n. The certification, as by paleae. 
stance (C 6 H 8 O,(X.H.,),) of ornithnric acid. [ < Gr. ornie, a bank, of checks not representing funds on deposit; Pa"Ie-o-con'cha, pe'lg-p-cep'cd, n.i>l. A division of 

bird.J the false certification of a 'depositor's check or account bivalve shells characteristic of the Paleozoic age. [< 

op"nl-lhog'ra-phy, Sr'ni-theg'ra-fl, n. Descriptive Called also false certification. PALEO- + Gr. koncht, shell.] Pa"le-o-con'cheJ. 

ornithology, f < Gr. arnit, bird, -I- qraphd, write.] o"ver-com-pound', vt. 
or"nllh-a'rlc, er'nith-in'ric, a. Designating an acid 


. To supply (a compounded pa'le-o-plaln, pe'le-o-plen, n. 
dynamo) with additional series-winding. structional plain, often more or 

Gtol. An ancient de- 
less buried under a con- 

or"iho-cce'louH, a. Same as OBTHOCIELIC, under OBTHO-. o"vo-niu'<-old, O'vo-miu'ceid, n. Organic Chem. A 
or"tho-mor'pbi-a, n. Same as ORTHOUOBPHOSIS. mucus from egg-albumin. [< ovo- -f MUCUS + -otD.] 

or-tlio'Mls, 5r-thO'sia, n. The process of straightening o"vo-vi-vip'a-rim, o"vo-vl-vlp'a-rlzm, n. Same 

an irregular part. [< Gr. orthfcte, straightening.] OVOVIVIPABITY. 

or-th ot'o-iiUH, er-thet'o-nus. n. Pathbl. A spasmodic Z't***^A*S' ? LT. enn - M t8 -l . L ac^ ln ^ ** m reckoning 

fijationof head. body, 
Gr. orthof, straight, + 

(Rutnacese), with opposite or w-horled leaves and white 
or yellow flowers. Of about a hundred known species, 
some yield medicinal products, some have poisonous 
fruit, and others are cultivated for ornament In hothouses. 
L< Or. palirt, back, + koura, cutting.] 

. , . . 

at'o-nus, n. Pathti. A spasmodic ovr'insr, 5 ng, pa. [Tenn. Mts.] Lacking, as I 
, and limbs in a straight line. [< o ^&?l&ffiufl ^ 'e^ial.y 

tetnt, stretch.] 8lllll ,, la fly (Slalta (,,. wc rt , 8 , me8 greennc. 

0-ryl'Ic, o-nl ic. o. Organic Chem. Designating an ox-al"I-da'ceous,ex-ari-de'shius, o. Bot. Of orper- pn-li'to, pa-li'to. H. [Sp.] A little stick; toothpick. 
acid (C,H. e N A O) found in milk and produced by the taining to the Oralvlacex. palm', n. [Additional phrases, etc.] Alexandra palm, 

cleavage of mllk-nucleon. [< Or. orof, whey, + hyK, ox'er, ex'jr, n. [Eng.] Same as OX-FENCE, under ox. a Queensland tree! Plyctiosperma Alexandra I: said tobe the 

pa-li'la, pa-li'la, n. I Hawaii.] A drepanldlne bird of the 
the British genus Chloridopx or Loxioidex; especially, Chloridops 
' ,a, which resembles a greenfinch. 

OK'a-zone, es'a-zOn. n. 

pA'trr, ..-._, 

duble oxer, an ox-fence or ox-rail with a protecting 
Organic Chem. A compound rail on either side. 

of glycose with phenylhydrazin. Ox'ford, n. [Additional senses.] 1. A dark-blue 

o-fera, n. Same as OHBLLA. color. 2. Woolen cloth of mixed gray and black color. 

o'nliac, sbac, n. A Persian plant (Dorema ammonlacnm) Called also Oxford mixture. 

of the parsley family ( L'mbellifcrx), which yields gum am- ox'reim, ex'rulm, n. [S. Afr.] A slender band of oxhide, 

moniac. used as a tether or strap. 

O"Mi-an'driat, n. Same as OSCANDRIAN. ox'^all", n. 1. The tail of an ox. 2. A soup made 

-o*i*. suffix. U*ed to denote condition, and specifically, f rom the tail of an ox. Called also oxrtall soup. 

in pathology, morbid condiUon; as. tricbino*. [< Gr. ox_y-, combining form. ^Additional terms.] ox"y- 

_ (Ptychospern_ _ 

tallest of Australian palms, attaining a height of nearly 100 
feet, with pinnate leaves and polygamous flowers on 
branched spadlces. black p., a Queensland timber-tree 
(PtychoKperma Iformanbyi). feath'er:paliu", n. A 
palm with pinnate leaves. royal p. (1) A slender Ameri- 
can f eather-palin { Ot'ffntoxn reyiti ) with leaves 3 to 6 feet 
long, native of Central America, West Indies, and southern 
Florida. <2) A Bermuda fan>palm (Xabal umbracnlifpra) 
50 to 80 feet high. niilkiiiK'HIick p., a sn.all palm 
(Bncitlarln monOMfeirfit/a) of eastern Australia, suitable for 
table decoration. Its stems are used for walking-sticks. 

Cordage made from vege- 

Same asLiNiN2.-ox"y.dac'- pallll'bant", pflra'Dgsf, n 

pressure; also, a record obtained by such an instrument. 

to'coUM. n. Obrttel. Same as OXTTOCIC. ox"y- 

produced by 

in the same volume of solvent. 
OK-phret'le, es-fret'ic, o. Pertaining to the olfactory 

^^KvU^ittM Dbcharged.from ^ ^ZSS&^^&* aO ^ te ' 

UniU-d States. 

pii-lo'inii . pu-lo'ma, n. [Sp.] A pigeon; dove. 

pn-lo'man ku'nan, pa-15 manku'nan. [Guam.] The fe- 
male of the white-headed pigeon ( FUqjQtnataxmAonuni)* 
a distinct species by the natives on account of 

o"te-o-lyt'ic, (. on"lr-o-niil 
>nifng to oRteopatby; as, otUopatlue tr 
-palh'ic-al-ly, /r. o"te-op'a- 

treatment . oa^to- 
_, a-thlftt, n. One who 
believes In or practises Mteopmtby. o'ie-o-palh"t. 

5"le-op / a-lny. "- 1. The treatment of bone-disease. 
. A system of treating disease without drugs or knife, 
propounded by Dr. A. T. Still, 1874. It Is based on the belief 

that disease is caused by some part of the human mechanism 
being out of proper adjustment, as in the case of misplaced 
bone, cartilage, or ligament, adhesions or 

[< Gr. pochyt, thick, + an*/*, man.] 
'a-oiru-, a. [Additional phrases.] Pacific cod, a 
codflsh (Gadu* mficrocrphnlm) found in Bering Sea and 
south to the coast of Oregon. !*, slope, that portion 
of the territory of the United States which borders on the 
Pacific Ocean and lies to the west of the Sierra Nevada and 

ui IIIIIHIM:I-U Sferra Madre mountain chains. 

ntrartlnns of pa-ci'fi-ro, pu-si'fl-c5, H. [Sp.] A peaceable person; neutral; 
especially, a non-combatant Cuban peasant. 

Called also green:harked acacia. (2) A congener (Cer- 
cidiiwi Jtoridum) of the above-mentioned tree found in 
western Texas. Called also greenibarked and green* 
bark acacia. (3) A tree (Parkiiumiia mitranhyUa) of 
the desert regions of southern and lower California and 
Arizona. Called also dcHert:bush, Jerusalem thorn, 
and smalhleaf horaesbean. 
[Sp. ; lit., green stick, < L. pains, stake, + riridu, green.] 

mule, etc.esultln in unnaural prssure r obstruc ePcl.lly. a non-conihatant Cuban peasant hP- : it., green stic, < L. pam, stae, + nridts, green. 

tion to, nerve. Wood) or lymph. Osteopathy, through the pncker ' " [Additional sense.] [Austral.] SameaspACK- pal'pa-cl(e, pal'pa-cl, n. The filamentous tentacle of a 
agency or use of the bones (especially the long ones which ' palpon in a siphonophorous hydroid. 

are employed as levers), seeks to adjust rorrectly the mis- PCK 'sand, pac sand, n. [Local, U. 8.1 Gtol. A very pal"pe-brl'tls, pal-pe-brai'tis or -brt'tis, n. Patliot. 
placed parts on"H--o-por-o'slti, n. I>nll>ol. A spongy fine-grained sandstone so loosely consolidated bv a slight Inflammation of the eyelid [< L valnebra, eyelid.] 
ii" n v'"l In^,' rou " neM " one8 . <> e to enlargement of calcareous cement as to be readily cut by a spade. pal'u-dou*, pal'yu-dus, a. 1. Pal/tot. Of or pertaining 

'" '-""""- pad'ilock, rl. Additional sense.] [Austral.! To se"~"" ---'--" " ' ----- ~ -- 

o^ll-ole. n. [Additional sense.] Any one of the small "--- ------ jj ------- 

to paludism. 2. Same as PALUDOSE. 3. Same as PAL 

jofa. rm, 9 sk; at, fire, *ccord-. element, r = ov-, Sight, f = u*oge; tin, machine, j = renew; obey, no; net, nor, atom; full, rule; but, born; alele; 
|y CKHW-references to word, in the Addenda are Indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

paneca 2165 pciie plain 

w^.. ~ D C8 

A natmg a bivalve that has an elongated semicylindrical Any plant producing peas. 'i. [Austral 1 Any one of Vari 

ous plants of the bean or pea family (Legumiitonie). 
peacll, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] native peach 

..genus 1. In Australia: (1) The quandang. (2) The a. 

of tropical or subtropical shrubs of the bean familv ;,!f blerr ? -Leone , the ' Giilm-u peach. i>cacli':bcr"ry, n. 
(Leriummosm). It includes three or four species of I* 1 ? 8 " 1 " 11 fl >'" 1 , ly bl ' rry l a stiff Tasnmnlan shrub (Llsm,Me 
wS&bP.acu&Ua the Jerusale thorn Is the beit know? itrtgom) of the epacrld family (*>.,(,&<>: also, the 
See JUKI'S VLFM TI UKN 'under Til" -v M Vative n ii.Te i 8l j ri l b --pe<;>l'tol>.,apeach (Pruiiii* J1er*lcii platt/carpa), 
pa^. [Xew Zealand, Kast clay of a b,u,sl, 

l>a'pa-bl"le, pQ'pa-bflg, re. A candidate eligible for niacese). It includes two known species, f. cerifera, the peacb'ka, pich'ka, n. [Alas.] A Russian stove used In 

the papacy. Literary ingest July 16, 18'J!I, p. 78, col. 2. candle-treejjf Centra^ America, whose fruits, often 4 feet Alaska. 


hydrated iron 8uifate(Fe,(OH),(SO 4 ) s .7H.,O), thatcrystal- about 10 species, faorth-American and~Asiatic. " P. "qvin- " and cementite'having a pearly appearance'w'hen'iamellar 

lizes in the monoclinic system. [< Pa/iosa, Atacama.] quefolia Is Identical with Ampelopxis giiiiii/uefnliii. See [< PEARL.] 

pap'py*nsh", n. A stromateold flsli (Pmrilus paru), one A , M IIL T S .' 8 ma . VIRGINIA CREEPER. 1< cfr. panhenos, pe'ca, pt'ca or pe'ca, n. A pteropodid or fruit-bat 

o? the aatplas. Called also harveNt.nsn. " r ln ',+ *w. 'V;!,.,... peche'.peche'', pCsti'-pf-slT, re. fl\] A characlnol'd fish 

par, n. [Additional phrase.] mint par, the reduction Paftrtdge, n. [Additional compounds.] par'tridge- ( GuxtrropeleenH macutaSa) found nekr Panama 

of the monetary unit of one country to expression in terms fyt 'eon, re. [Austral, A small ground-pigeon ( Gen- pcche">pre'tre, pfeh'-prC'tr, n. [F.I A scorpienold fish 

of that of another, the expression of the former unit In pnaps smpta) found In many acacia-woods. p.swood, (Sebaitei mystintiK) found off the Pacific coast of North 

terms of the latter. [Additional senses, 1. A perennial, parasitic, and sap- America, one of the rockftsues. 

par"a-bou'li-a, . Same as PARABULIA. rophytlc nymenomycctous fungus (Stereum Sruxtulostim) pc"e'chi, pC'6'chl, n. [Afr.l A dry measure See oiiota. 

par"a-bu'llc, a. Of or pertaining to parabulia par"- whlc "l "tfcks forest-trees, especially the oak, forming a tlon. 

:i-l...i> li. very hard, thlcklsh, cracked crust, nrmlv attached to the \v,. ,HI;,],,I ,m-,,,iitv ,,f ,,,,i,,,a,..i - ..j... t. .. 

pa^a-'ea'tl.l-od'lc , a Ph V L Designate the S^S^^S^SSWMaftSlS *&$3&X^lJ&&f^?g a 

>ar"- Vh d'l I wystcs. utuupu mation of fresh hymeneal layers. !i. The Australian fan. cup) m tiw huskrd state. T. H. PAKKE Experiences in Equato- 

rays are directed upon the anodic end of a vacuum-tube. pwtjtlfc po'<ii?**lllwl A dark-colored hy- peck'y, jec% '"' FcSeCooJ 3 The nalmated sandpiper. 
par a-cliie, par'a-sin, n. Chem. An alkaloid (C 10 H 18 drated lead-copper-silver antimonate that is found mass- Pe-da'II-um, pe-de'li-um or -dg'li-um, n Bot A 
N Q 0) found in red bark. See in table under BAKK. ive. [<Dr. A. F. W. Partz.] monotypic genus of fleshy annual herbs of the pedaliad 

par l-clne t . pa'ru, pQ'rfl, .. A chsetodontoid flsh (Pomacanthus family (Pedaliacese). Its one species, P. Murex. of the 

ko l*''<B_AnH .B(k H/f A HQK-rt nt* . . . ^, ,. I '. . . . fit. Tl_ _ _ a AL _ L.-i*--ll_. n_m. n ,. v . __ ,.JIT_JJ_ J ^.___,__ L_ ? " f ^u/t^, W ttl*i 

, -, 

South- American nutT esteemed very elido Compare (t- g.)-pa s ' 8 a-lld, a. & n. Sal'SkS \cr 

BAPUCAIA-NUT, with which it has been identified. Pas'teur's flu'ld. BM. An artificial fluid containing "les a 1 strlbutea^wldelv hu - n 

par"a-glu-con'lc, par-a-glu-cen'ic, a. Relating to the constituents of plant-protoplasm in which pure cuf i^tao^M lJuSwor?Sd CBn 

acid derived from gluconic acid when acted on by nitric tures of bacteria may be grown. common species are known also as wood-betony. See 

acid. [ < PARA- + OLOCOHIC.] Pas"tl-iia'ca, pas'ti-ne'ca or -na'ca, n. Bot Age- LOUSKWORT. [< 'L.peaiculua, louse.] 

par"al-se'l<-, par'al-jl'sic or -ge'aic, a. Pathol. Per- nus of Old World, chiefly biennial, herbs of the parsFey Pe-dol'o-ey, P8-dero-JI, n. Same as FEDIATEICS. 
tainmg to or marked by paralgesta. family (UmbeUlfera), with thick roots, tall, stout stemn, Sc?t "ii'ft V "f Am ind 1 The ^SSfttakif'tmnt 

''' ' ^ Sam<5 XVL ~ P' 8 ' 6 r $*% compound leaves, yellow flowers, and "Ifrlfts'n VoiuinbS.' ] 8 ' lakc - trout: 8O calle<j In 

E er<toT 'ms Ssiinu^^rr^itp^^^ 

.) obtained from ammonium mellitate by heat, and pas'tor, n. [Additional sense.] A nomeoid fish (Ao- he"rbt of the fami v U!,,tnc^ with Bl^-r 

^ CaUed al8 lrl<lmlde - t< PAB -' + f thC tr PiCal Pirt8 f th A " antlC and Dotted Ieave 8 and while (lowers. ^'of the f four 

AMlDB. nce . 

par"ii-inini'l-a, par'a-mim'i-a, n. Pathol. Loss of pas'tre-Ite, pgs'trg-ait, n. Mineral. A yellow hydrated Europe and Asia Ml W, the source o? haimallne and ha? 

par-ap'la-sig, par-ap'la-sis, re. Btol. Same as CATAPLASIS. pat'e-ra-tte, pat'e-ra-ait, n.' Mineral. A black cobalt ""? dark-colored shining stipes, differing from P/eris, the 

par a-gtat'lc, par-a-stat'ic, a. Of or relating to mi- molybdate with pyrite and bismuthinite (CoMoO.), that brake, in having its intramarginal fruit-dots terminal on 

metic resemblance of one species to another in the same crystallizes in the tetragonal system. [<A Patera who the veins and conmient laterally if at all. About 60 spe- 

faunal region, especially among insects. [< Gr. par- first examined it ] cles are known, widely distributed, and many are In orna- 

OitaHkoe, fit for standing by.] Datb'e-tlze oath'e-tai? vt I-Tirm' -TI-^IUO 1 TV. mental cultivation. Two native species In the eastern 

par''a.U ly 'rold,par;aVafreid, ^re^ ? e ^^&^A?!Krl^&& r ^^ 

or more small glands situated near the thyroid gland. pathPMos, subject to feeling..] cliff-brake. [< Gr. pellos, dark or dusky j 
par-et'lc, pgr-et'ic, n. One who suffers from paresis, -pathia, suffix. Same as -PATHY. pe'lon 1 , p6'len, n. A flsh (Snhyrsena miaauanefie) of 

P1 ri'" 'f P ?h I " B0 :"- fSP,-. Am -l Any one of several lutlanold Pa'to, pQ'to, n. [Porto Rico, A duck. the southeastern and southern coast-waters of the United 


1. "I 11 !? 8 " 7 ' uerlvea Irom tne leaves ana root of the eastern Asia, of which several, as P. Sibirtca and P sea- pel'ves, h. Plural of PELVIS. " 
herb-Pans. Sec under HERB. [< PARIS', 1.] bionsefolla, are cultivated for ornament In gardens. pel'vl-graph, pel'vi-graf, re. An instrument for re- 

Par"I-e-ta'leg, par"i-g-te'llz or -tg'les, n. pi. Bot. A pa'tron, n. [Additional sense, [Ir. or Local, A patron cording pelvic measurements. [< PELVIS -f Gr. qranho, 
cohort or group of plant orders whose chief distinguish- _ sa j nt 8 day^also.^feast or festival held on such a day. write.] 

^ r~. , *~~ ..,,. 1902 p g co l 3 

*" a 'i P ar "'-6-t6^rUa or -tcj'ri.a, re. Sot. A Paul-lIn'I-a^ pSWin'i-a,^ n.^ Bot.^ A genus of tropical |.,- ; rin, pj'nva, n, [Philippines.] Silk manufactured from 

XDSKI.-THKE. Called also 

P. Pennst/lvanica,ifie~Peniaj\van[tk or American pel'ii'toryi nearlly"air are"Amerl'can" "Most' val'iia bfe" Is"/"" "sorbili^ the nearly plain base-level: said of the action of erosion on 
s round on rocky banks from Canada to the Gulf of Mexico, guarana. See OUARANA and SUPPLE-JACK. [<C.F. Paul- land-surfaces; aa, the area is nene-vlained. f< PEHI- 
K L. parietarta; see PARIETARY.] Tint. German botanist.] PLAIN, n.] 

iu = out; all; lii = frad, |J = future; c = k; cbnrch; db = the; go, eing, ink; BO; thin; zh = azure; P. boil, dune. <,from; t, obidete; t, variant. 
^T~ Crose-referencee to words In the Addenda are Indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference Is to the main vocabulary. 



pen'fleld-lte. uen'ffld-olt, n. Mineral. A vitreous 

real estate; appurtenance; appendage. 2. Mexican Mining 

white lead oxychlorid (Pb a oClA that crystallizes in the An individual claim or Its extent. ^^ , 

hexagonal svstem. [< S. J. Ptnfield.} p h her'nii*. 1 Austral.] A fresh-water clupeold flan p he"uo-rry B 'tal-lin(e, 

L . - - ... . (I)ortmortni rrrhi i of western Australia. 

rheumatic. Called also aniido:aceto:phenetidin h \ <lm- 
ehlorid. [< PIIKNO- -+- (Jr. kolla, glue.] 

" 'trot. Same as PKANEKO- 

IH-n'lops, pen-leps, w j>l A "body o 'powerful barons in Utorwntaerrtn CRYSTALLINE. 

^Bhutan extern I.tmaiava* aStSLSffjSSfJSSttiS, Pet"a-sl'le, pt-fa-sai'tlz or -si'tes, n. Bot. A genus phe"no-ery*t'Ie, fi'no-crist'ic, a. Petrol. Containing, 

p. 463. of perennial herbs of the aster family ( GOBpOtUm), with characterized by, or pertaining to, phenocrysts. 

pen"ny-roy'al,n. [Additional phrase.] native pen- basal leaves from the thick, horizontal rootttock imd phe"iio-loff'le, . Biol. SameaspHKNOLooiCAL. 

y royal [ Austral.], a more acrid species of mint (Mrntha corymbed or racemed headsof white or purplish flowers, phe"no-py'rlll, I fl'no-pai'rin, -rfn, n. t'/ietn. A 

_. pen'to-san, n. Chem. One of the com- porgy. 'see under PORGY*. LSp., feather-flsh.] brownish-red micaceous vermiculite that occurs in con- 

pounds (C 5 H e O 4 ) found in foods and plant-juices. [< Pez I-za'Ies, pez'i-ze'ltz or -za'les, n.jti. Bot. Agroup torted and wrinkled plates. [< Philadelphia* Pa.] 
Gr. pente* five.] of discomycetous fungi, mostfy saprophytic, in which PhiT'ln-pi'iio, n. ktlmol. Same as FILIPINO*. 

pen'toae, pen'tos, n. An nnfcrmentable monosaccha* the fleshy apothecia arc formed on the surface of the pliil 'lip-He, firip-ait, n. Mineral. A compact blue 
ride, as arabinoee or xylose, derived from woods, gums, substratum. A few are parasitic. Pezizacfse is its nriu- hydrated copper and iron Bolrate (Fe 3 ('u(SO 4 f 4 .lH 3 O) 

_ f -- , -.- .. phrases.! cllnihinjr pepper. ; 

tall climbing Australian shrub (Piper Nor&iHnHnn<li&. 
found on trees fn dense forests. Called also native pep- 
perand native pepperivine. 
pep'per*wood , n. A tropical American tree (Li~ 

eania Guianerui*). See LICANIA*. 
pep's ic, pep'stc, a. Chem. Same as PEPTIC. 

Digestion. [< Gr, pe/ww, 

scorpioid clusters of white, blue, or purp 
' which 

Ile flowers. It plill-ox'en-y, fil-ex'en-i, n. Hospitality; literally. lovt- 

are cultivated of strangers. [< PHILO- -f- Gr. xenta* < xenos, stranger.} 

-hll'y-drous, fil'i-drus, a. Water-loving; said 

rr. pnfiKflo8, fascicle.] 1-^1 *.-- * - r -- > - e 

IMi:i'"lr;i-iias'*a, fi'dra-nas'a or fe"dra-ngs'a, n. 

embraces about 80 species, many of wh 

for ornament. Five or six species are native In the eastern *)> l'v-drnn fil'i drns n 

UnitedStatcs. [< (ir. tfaKlo,. fascicle.].. , f ^^^^S^S^l<Q t .plOta,r a n,+A V dfr, 

water.] plill-liy'droiiB. 

in ornaimntalcutivatin 
a nymph.] 

, , 

[<or. PliaidrauaKm. name of D " rk . + phagetn, eat.] 

plil(f'o-fln, flog'o-sin, 

pep'Mls, pep'sis, n. Meet 

pep-tog'e-ny, pep-tej'e-ni, n. The formation of pep- 
tone, as bv the action of peptogen. 

pep'toiu--a"gar, pep'ton-a-gflr, n. A preparation of 

agar-agar with a certain percentage of peptone: used in 

bacteriology as a culture-medium. [< PEPTONE -\- agar phje"no-loir'ic, a. Same as PHENOLOGICAL. 

in AGAR-AGAR.] l"liR?"o-pliy'co-se, fi'o-fai'sg-f or fe"o-fT'ce-e, n 

pep"to-ne'ml-a, pep'to-nl'mi-o., n. Pathoi. The Sot. One of the main divisions of the Algse, or seaweeds, pfilo'rose, flo'r'os, '. Chem." An artificial glucosid 
condition in which peptone occurs in the blood. [ < PEP- the olive brown or brown seaweeds. They are almost all identical w ith dextrose, formed by action of hydrochloric 
TONE + (ir. haima, blood.] marine plants, and are subdivided by some systcniatlsts Into acid on phlorizin. [< PHLOBIZIN ] 

Per-a'mi-uin, per-Tnl-um or per-o/ml-um, n. Bot. Same ^aw^S"* Rnd F " cacese - I Gr.pAofcw, dinky, +p*j*<w, pi lo -la'dl-ail, fo-16'di-an. I, O. Pholadoid. II. n. 

prrcihr" V KA iAdditional compoundg.] - rock'.perch", -pltagous, suffix. Used to denote feeding on, living on; ph^ei/ < 3^, O < J fon en . do 8cOD An 

An Australian pomaeentrold flsh folgp/UwdOn rW- 8 ' anthroiw/^am [< (ir. phagein, eat.f me" fo? aTertainin'the com on and ooswSn of the 

'onoid flsh (Theranon Pha-lange'. 1 . . 1 Additional senses. ] Anat.&mol. Sameas j ""__ "P.;"? P" 1" SljPr! 

_ T ._. Organic Chem. A sub- 
stance derived from the bacterium of pus (Staphylococcus 
" aureus). [< Gr.pltlogos, burning.] 

iflcia' - 

PHALANX, 5, 6, and 

rise). nilver:p.,~ n. A theranL 

richardxotii) of temperate Australia. 
per-cln'dlon, per-cltt'zhim, n. Pathoi. ., , 

duced by peripheral lesion, distinguished from lesion of 8 Pie8 of Amanita, especially of Amaniia phalloidee. 

the central nervous system. [ < L. perdiulo, shut in.] c " -"-- 
per-cui*'Hionsfia:' / ure, n. C'rt/Ktal. The njrure assumed 

internal organs, consisting of a flat cylinder with a mem- 

r n . ng ol 

A state in- phalflin, fal'in, n. The characteristic poison of several J^ ai j e at * acl * en(J ' , ne of^which isJpuMn contact with 

by the various cracks In a crystal plate made nv the Impart 
of adull polntforcedagalnst ft. CalledalNoptri'ke*fiKiirr. 

per-liz', per-dith', n. [Sp.] A ground-dove of the gcnua 
fffntryqon. of Porto KIco. 

pere 2 , par, n. [F.J Father: used like English senior .to dis- 
tinguish from his son a father of the same name; a 

pere (that is, the elder Dumas): opposed tojttv*. ' 
pe-rel'rln, / pe-re'rin, -rin, n. Chem. A 

the body by means of a rod, while the other is connected 
See quotation. [< Gr.'phaUos, phallus.] with the ears by tubes. [< PHON- + ENDO- + -SCOPE.] 

Phallin is > toialbumin. the chif f .elite poUonou, principle of pllO-Iie'sls, fo-nt'sis, n. [-SE8, 111.] The Utterance of 

the common death-cup (Amanita phalioidttt). [See v. K. CHEST- vocal sounds; articulation; enunciation. [< Gr. phone- 

NUT Dept. of Agrie. Yearbook, 'yf.] It phyniolofricl action sis, Bounding.] 

difer from that of miucanne and similar paralyiinK poisons, not |>ho'l]O-t V "|M- 1 . . Same as PHONOTYPIST. 

^?^SaiSi h JSS.^^i^^S Phoon'iryi fun'gyi ,, IE. Ind.J A Buddhist priest. 
try canal. plio-ron'o-my, fo-ren'o-mi, n. Phitoi. In the Kan- 

WILUAII L. SHERWOOD Letter to standard Diet. Sept, i, 'w. tian system, the theory of motion as inferable from a 

A diseased condition of the pericementum. Called also ffrapM, write.] phoB-phat'ic' 8lag. Same as BASIC SLAG*. 

Kaiu-har.l- diwaxe. pliar'nilo, fflr'mic, o. Of or pertaining to pharmacy; plion"plio-i-ar'iiir, fes'fo-cQr'nic, a. Chem. De- 

per"I-<'e-mpnl'uin, per'i-se-ment'um, n. A bony pharmaceutic. noting a substance identical with nucleon. [< PHOS- 

layer enclosing the teeth fangs. [< PERI- +CEMENTUM.] Pnn-ryn'Koit-iiate, n. Ich. Same as PHAKYNGOGNATH. PHOKUS + L. caro, flesh.] 

per'i-cllnp. per'i-clain, n. Mineral. One of the varie- rllas *'"'"' fa ? c " m -"- J lot - A genus of small annual plio-tee', fo-tt', n. [Hlnd.l The finest kind of cotton used 

mosses, the typical and largest genus of the Phatcaceee. In Indiaforthemanufartureof Dacca muslins. O.W.tD.P. 
They are usually found in exposed fields and on the tops of BIBLE DM. of Dry Goodt. [TRADE PUB. co. '96.] 
walls. See PHASCACE.K. [_< Gr. phankon, tree-moss. ) phot'iHtn, fot'lzm, . A secondary sensation in vision con- 

ties of alhite belonging to the group of unisilicates: 
found in the Swiss Alps in the form of white t\yinned 

per"l-cy-clon / ic, per'I-sal-clen'ic, . Of or pertaining to 

a porlcyclont 1 . See under PERI-. 
per"i-do-tit'lc, per'l-do-tlt'lc, n. Of or pertaining to perl- 

per-ln'1-uni, per-in'i-nm, n. [-A, pi.] 

in various species of Phdsedlm. [ < C,r"phanelos, kinc 
of bean.] 

pha'He-o-lln(e, fe'ze-o-lin or fg'se-o-lin, 
Hot. A layer posed alkaloid from species of Phaseolus. 

A snp- 

nected with a stimulus in 
some other sense; chro- 
pho "to - cau ' tcr - y, 

fO'to-cS'ter-i, n. Med. 
utery by 

, , . -, . . 

of the wall of a spore, found, in certain Hepaticie, out- plia'scr, fe'zer, n. Eltc. 1 . A device for bringing two c I 5 e T by light-rays, 
side the exospore, and derived from the membrane of alternators into phase with each other. 2. A generator- 8 " ch a ? Roentgen rays, 
the special mother-cell. [< Gr.jKrineon, perineum.] used as the last element of certain technical terms- as or sunlight-rays. [< Gr. 


. L < <*r.j>ertneon, ] 

pe'rl-od, . [Additional sense.] Kinemc 
monic motion, the time taken for a point 

atics. In har- multin/(r. 

a point to execute a phaxe 


, light, + cAUTERT.] 

. . 

axe'sKplifter, n. Elec. A mechanism for splitting a P"' to-cer-aill'Io, 

nBle-phase current Into two currents of different phase: fo'to-ser-am'ics, n. The 

complete excursion to and fro. effusive period (Pe~ Bln - - 

trol.i, the second and final stage of the solldlncatlon of i" 8 '''! '" r starting single. phase Induction motors. 
porphyrltlc rocks from fusion, when at the outpouring on phasing, fe'zing. I. a. Elec. Having relation to 
the earth's surface, tlie " ground-mass " Is supposed to be phase or to phase-angle. II. n. Elec. The act of 
formed. _Compare IN TRATELLURIC PERIOD'. bringing two alternators into phase with each other 

art or practise of photo- 
graphing on china or pot- 
tery. [< Gr.p/iSs, light, 

per"l-o"te-ol'o-niy, per'i-es't-et'o-mi, n 
of the periosteum. [< PERIOSTETM + Gr. te, 

Per"l-8po-rl-a'leii, per'i-spo-ri-e'ltz or -g'les, n. pf. _ . 

Sot. A group of ascomycetous fungi in which the asco- r'x'-Kop 'ter-I, fg-gep'ter-is, n. Hot. A genus of pli o "to -jjas' t ro 
carps are enclosed in a globular envelope without any polypodiaceous ferns the beech-ferns with the stipe grope, fcrto-gas'tro- 

contmuous w ith the caudex, the frond twice- or thrice- 

, per'i-es't-et'o-mi, n. Surgery pliii-inu current, the current that exists transiently ph o " I o - c h ro ' m n. 
PERIOSTETM -f Gr. temno, cut.] where two alternating. current generatorsof different phase scone n Same us 1-110- 
er-i-spo-ri-e'ltz or -g'les, n. pi. are thrown In multiple. TOCIIHOMASCOPE! 

opening. They are mainly parasitic, but some are sapro- 

phytlc. [< PERI- -t- Or. spora, seed.] 
pe-rlt'o-my, pe-rit'o-mi, n. Sura. 1. Excision of a 
circular _stnp of the conjunctiva from the cornea. 

pinnate or teniati-, and the small, round fruit-dots with- 
out induxia. About 100 species widely distributed are 

. 2. known, and several arc common In tlie United States 
[< Or. pheaon, oak. + pttrtx, fern.] 

rated phe-nac'e-to-liii, fg-nas'g-to-lm, n. Chem. A yel- 
lowish-brown compound (C.jH.,0,1 obtained by heattnff 
- 1 - ' -- 1 ' "- -id with sulf uric acid, and used 

- -OL.] 

A basic 

Circumcision. [< PERI- "-f Gr. temno, cut.] 
per-o'cheth, per-iVHcth, n. [Hen.] A richly deco: 

curtain hung iM'forc the ark of the law. r >. 

pe-ro'mln, pg-ro'min, . Chem- A derivative of mor- phenol and glacial acetic act _ 

phin used as an antispasmodic in coughs. in chemistry as an indicator. [< PHENACETIN 

Her o-no-spo-ra'leH, per'o-no-spo-re'liz or -ra'les, phe'nale, fl'nft or -net, n. Same as CARBOLATK. 

. pi. Bot. A group of phycomycetous fungi, made up phe'na-zln(e, fi'na-zin or -zin, n. Chem. 

mainly of the Pfronotporaceae. [ < Gr. perone, pin, + compound (C,,H 8 X 3 ). [< PHENYL + AZOTE.] 

phe-net'l-dlii, fe-net'i-din, n. Chem. A coal-tar de- 

mrii/MS.'rK"! 1 '!% "'i> r ^G' Am - 1 A parrot-nsh (flte/o- rivative, the base of phenacetin, by which name it is 
iJr'ri? IC" ' th ? P'"'. 1 ? co ' of Mexico. Bometimes called. 

l>rr'ro=per"rn, pcr'o.per'o, n. Same as HOGFISH, 1 (1). 
per'ro-van"ter, per'0-van'ter Ornith A large ,fi7 ." unotasynonvmof phenacetin. It is chemically the 

thrush (jaaoeutfZn&Sb of Dornlnk Isffi 3^&SS^^#^SSS$&S& 

L.'* . _ para-acct-phenetidin, and heoce a derivati'"' * i .-*.--*.-- t^.f. 

scop, it. An apparatus 
consisting of a camera, 
lens-tube, electric light, 
and mirror for photo- 
graphing the interior of 
the stomach. [< PHOTO- 

+ GA8TRO- -(- -SCOPE.] 

pho'to-gram, n. [Ad- 
ditional sense.] A mes- 
sage received by an au- 
tomatic system of teleg- 
raphy, and recorded, pho- 

pho" to -gram - met- 
ric, fO'to-gnim-met'ric, A Fbotogastroscope. 
a. Of or pertaining to a photogram meter or to photo- 
gram met ry*. 

"ml-nes'cent. fr. __, __ 

when acted upon by 

rivatiYeof phenrtidin. This pho"to-lu"ml-nes / cent, fo'to-lu-mi-nes'ent, a. 
"2 ' FANKHAUSER, PhijAcs. Becoming luminescent - 

'. <l, w, l!Vi* O^rt , . 



Property; Med in medicme aa an analgetic, antipyretic, and antl- pho^o.phli, fo'to-fll. I. a. Light-loving; possess- 

fa, firm, 9 sk; .t, fixe, accord; el s m e nt, e r = ov^r, eight, | = usage; tin, machine, j = r,ew; obey, no; net, n6r, at s m; full, rule; b*. bom- alsle- 
VT Crose-reference* to word, in the Addenda we indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asteri.k' the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

photophobe 2167 ping-pong 

^^^^^^^UA^^ 1 * ftaiW ' Vfai ^ 9 ^^?ySSSi t ^^^!^- A yellow pigment of pl'la>, pi'la, n. [Cuba.] [Sp.] A large stone basin 

f&WStt!S I. a) Light-fearing; pos- phyTo-la^ielTfi'to^m 7 '"' 'iS, A colorless PM-t ' S^SS "^ " ^ "'""< 
--wing negative phototaxis. II. n. A photophobe or- crystalline 

, - . . 

ystalline compound contained in the root'of pokeweed pll'ar-lte, pil'ar-ait, n. Mineral. 
hytolacca decandra), and used in medicine as an alter- e 'y of chrysocolla. 

An aluminous vari- 

< Gr. p/iix, light, + pliobtw, fear.J pho'to- 

, H i H . 

o. pno"to-top"o-s;rapll'Ic-al-Iy, ads. 
pllo-tot'ro-plHlll, fo-tBt'ro-pizm, n. The effect of 
light on the direction of growth of plant and animal or- 
gans or organisms. [< PHOTO- + (Jr. Iremi. turn 1 
pho"to-v1s'u-al,fo-to-vizh'yu-al, a. Optint. Denoting 
a lens that directs the actinic and the nonactinlc rays to 
a common focus. [< PHOTO- + VISUAL.] 

pho-tox'y-llii, fotex'i-lin, n. Chem. A variety of Pi-ca'cho, pt-ca/cho, n. 

cid, and used plc'a-rel, pic'a- 

. . m TT ^T ^ \. j e 

of a perforated roll of paper, the perforations of which rep. ( c iH| 4 N,O,) obtained from species of Mlocarpug. 
resent notes, and which Is set In a revolving mechanism PI lo-far'pus, pai"[<w pt']lo-cQr'pos, n. Hot 
? pe i r ,'5 u ' < i H ' " blow -P (>da ' 8 an<1 tnre e levers which con- 

:,? ' blt r y ""' .J s S u ;' t '' d fo . r d ? m rk 
counies as. m^mar ? ABO^N* oiK Ltt- fo 
Standard Diet. LVc. l"m i Letter to 

, . . 

nitrocellulose made by the action of nitric aci 

, . 
-rel, n. 

genus of tropical American shrubs of the rue family 
(Rutaceie), with alternate opposite or ternately whorled 
leaves and long, terminal, or axillary spikes or weenies 
of green or purple, gland-dotted flowers. About six 
species are enumerated, of which P. pinnatifoliutt, the 
Jaborandl, Is the best known. [< Gr. />//o.s- hair or wool 4- 
\urpos, frult.j 

^Additional sense.] A sugar-loaf. 

LOW. pi". 

[Sp. Am.] A mound or butte. *,, llm 

in surgery as a substitute for collodion. [< PHOTO-"+ ptc'co-nou, pic'o-'nu, . A catostomoid fish (Moxosto- pi-lon'er. pijen'S'^n'Tsp^Am ] U ^ame a aipi 
Gr. xylon, wood.] ma lesueurll) of British America, one of the suckers. lou-cil'lot. 

ho-tox'y-loii, fo-tex'i-len, n. Guncotton in which pl'olte, nai'sait, n. Mineral. A vitreous dark-brown Pil'pul, pH'pul, n. [Heb.] An Ingenious, penetrating, or 
the cellulose of wood-pulp is used instead of cotton. [ < hydrated iron-aluminum phosphate that occurs in amor- hair-splitting and casuistic argument chiefly on Talmudlc 
PHOTO- + xvlon, wood.] phous layers. [< 'L. nix, pitch.] topics; acute dialectics 

lirac"lo-la>iii'i-da'. frac'to-lemM-dt m- -dp r Blck'cr-el, n. [Additional phrase 1 little plekerel p p ,1!, ' ?' p ,'i. ' "' ^ casuist; clever dialectician. 

Mississippi valley pike (Luctu* vermteiilatus) .r p pul-Is'llc, a. Having the character of a 

', . [Austral.] The dlamond.blrd: so called ^"P? 1 - 

The pepper- 

A genus of 
irsley family 
t'hite or yel- 
,ces about 70 

An African family of malacopterygian fishes, related to 

oram racng mae y 

PHRENO- + Gr. gramma, writing.! 

, -- --, . . . , . , ,.-- , -------- . ------ , , , ----- , 

An order of plants the lopseed family taken from the P' >"O-tIioiu'on-Ite, pic'ro-tem'sen-ait, n. Mln- so1 ' 01 '* , . 

vervain family ( Verbenaceie), and consisting of but the era *.- A n alteration product of thomsonite in which the pli'a-cate>bug", pin'a-ket-bug", n. Any of several 


---------- , ---- ........... -.,... 

bed may )>e cultivated, pi-iinir't. 


one genus, Phryma. 
" " 

, , . 

wingless tenebrionoid beetles, common on the Pacific 
coast of the United States. They are found under stones 
and pieces of wood. When attacked, they erect the hinder 

sodium is replaced by magnesium. [< Gr.pikros, bitter, 

Pliy-clt'l-daj, fai-sit'i-df or ft-cit'i-de, n. pi. A large + THOMSONITE.] 

familyof pyralid moths, having long, narrow and banded P tc ro-tln, pic'ro-tm, . C/iem. A bitter substi 
or mottled fore wings. They include meal-moths and C"li**iiOi) supposed, with picrotoxinin, to form pi 

., .-, r _, J ----- 'j ^ - ^ "it, ii:. \_u\i\ 

oil-mold. [< Or. phykos, seaweed, + mylcis, fungus.] (Luriuruiilnininx). [M.] 

Pliyl-lail'tlliia, fil-lan'tlius, n. Sot A large genus Pl-cu'iln, pi-cu 'Aa, n. |Sp. Am.] The barracuda (Sphi/- 
of tropical herbs, shrubs, or trees of the spurge familv - r! f"" ,'!',T,'"'"''!".i' t , t .\\' : We9t '"'"es, Brazil, Bermudas, etc. 

IH-II, n. [Additional sense.] Mining. A compren- 
on of the walls of a vein or the roof and floor of a coal- 

bed which more or less completely displaces the ore or 
the coal. Called also pinch 0111 . 

[Additional phrases, etc.] black pine [Ad- 

ing-matterof leaves, probably a mixture of pigments, pi-c'na, pf-e'nfi. [It.] J/,. I. a. Full. II. a*. Forthc 
[ < Gr. pftylton, leaf, + erytnrot*, red.] entire orchestra; for everybody, pi-e'not. 

phyl'liilir, fil'inor-ain, a. Like or pertaining to a leaf Pl-*z"o=e-lcf'tric, pai-ez'o-g-lec'tric, a. Pertaining 

T^ T' .,!.,,ll... l....f I tn 1\{avn**r 

ditional sense] (Austraf.l either of 'two trees" allied to 
the cypress: (1) Frentla fMlllrheri. Called also cy preng> 
pine, Murray pine, red pine, and scrub pine. (2) 
freruia robitsta. Called also common pine, cypressi 
pine, dark pine, Lachlaii pine, Mnrriiuibidgee 
pine, rock pine, and white pine. bull': " 

Any one of several true pines, especially west of the Rocky 
Mountains In North America; as, the hcavyswooded 

H! i fnn '- 

ined _from species of Physalts. 

Phyi'a-Il8, fis'a-lis, . Bo(. A genus of annual or 

perennial herbs, rarely shrubby plants, of the nightshade 
familv (Solanareifi hv th 
aniiilar b a, U-P calvf ?h Jf ,h V n f .1! ?' 
Vrf U V,H . ' ,' "' lltn ' lfter ' he fal of , the 

o la, enlarges and completely encloses the pulpy her- 

likeiruit, giving the plant the name of ground-cherry 
More than SI species have been enumerated, of which about 

. , . . [H. '99.| 
pirile Dif'l I fi TplF-rLFn- PIF'FIINT 1 To ,lnv,ll,> 

P "i P Excessive mccf/ fussy m-ccMo atte.iUon 
trifl .cety, tussy precision, attention to 

P 1 ? 1 " Additional compounds. etc.]-pi(t'.do K ", n. 
[Austral.] A dog of mongrel breed used for hunting the 
wild pIg.-pi K =tace, n. [Austral.] A tlg.marlgold ( Jfr- 
emoryarUAemum xyt illiterate) found in Australia and In 

More than SI species have been enumerated, of which about western North America; also, a New Zealand species (M 

alf a dozen belong to the Old World, the rest being Amer- Auxtrule). piif'Hsl'aceJ. pigsfaced lady, the boar-fish 

lean. /-*. AlkrkPHfji, the winter-cherrv or strawberry, tomato of Australia (Hixtioi)lerns lalnoittifi). pig'meat-fr, 

from the Old World, often cultivated for ornament, yields [Austral.] The flesh of an animal worthless for anything 


tnin p., same aa OYSTEK BAY PINK.- King Willi.iui 
"'V a Y? n ' anl " P'-ncll-eodar (ArUrnMxi* ,;,,,rtsoiaw. 
-Laclilan p., same as HLACK PIXE (2)'.- light p., 
8ame as OYSTEH BAY PINE: Its name In western New 
South Wales.- lod Z |.=pol<- p.. the tamarack.jilnc (/'/, 
Mnrrnyunn). Called also .ifiirmy piuc. black pine 
(In Wyoming), white pine (In Montana), and other names 
(In adjoining states); as, prickly pine, Kprueespine, 
and tamarack. lomc'ieaf p., same as LONG-LEAVED 


physalm. L< Gr. phyxallte, plant.] 
. --- __,_., ... ._ 

----------------- ~~.~..*..i~ ..uu*^ 

i! 'J om r hlch ft dln-ers ln having Its calyx 5- 

C?frv l n e, C rt fl ?' "( .?"'''"! "","", * "7 * J" 5 ' cell< '" 
nstei 1 of juicy and 2-celled. It Is native of Peru and 

naturalized In the United States. [< Gr. phymllto, plant, + 


(.Amelanclitrr nlnl folia). (3) The 
- ' 


piNE. mountain eyproNHsp., a tree (f'renela i'arlti- 
toret) of southern Queensland. Murray p. 1. One of 
the black pines (frenela EruUichert) above, a. Same as 
LODGE-POLE PINE*. ,>Iiirrumbidgee p., same as BLACK 
PINE (2)'. Oy-Kter Bay p., a large tree {Frenela or 
Cnllitri.1 rhomboidea). Called also cypreagipine, II- 
la^varra Mountnin pine, and light pine. p. 
pest, n. A pyralid moth (Nephoijten/z timmermannf) 
whose caterpillar Injures young pine-trees by boring Into 
the wood. Port IVIacqiinrie p., a large timber-tree 
oai (Frenela or CalHtris aacleayana) of New South Wales. 

(4) The alternatc.leaved'dog- prickly p., the leopard-tree t fiiiuifrsin maeulota) of the 
"'tck- bead-tree family llfpliaceix): a Queensland name. rocki 
p., n. A variety of the common pine (Frenela or Cam- 
tris robunta, var. verrucoxa). scrub^p., n. Same as 
MURRAY PINE, 1*. shortsleaf p., or nhort-leavcd p., 

elder or bristly sar- 

- . 

wood ( Corn,,* ultermroliu). (5) The partridge.berry ( Vit- 
ella repcns).- p. .berry tree [Austral I one of the trees 
known as native mulberry (ittenai ferrtu/inen} n.-iick. 
A sarcoptld mite parasitic on pigeons, as any 

ns-e'ri-a or -ci'ri-a, n. Hot. A genus of 

u-out; *U; iQ=fd, jg = future; c = k; ehoreb; dh = e; go, ring, ink; BO; thin; h = aiure; P. boik, dttne. <,/rom; t, oonUte; {, variant. 
^~ Croes-referencee to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

pinguefactton 21 poison 

pin'gwe-fac'ehtm, n. Med. Con- pi"ton', pt'tflA', n. [F.I A staff or stanchion to the head curs as a gelatinous substance on the evaporation of 

pla-ceu'toid. plu-sen'teld, a. Placentlform. [< PLACENTA pyrenomycetous, parasitic fungi, of which P. morboxa or 

+ -OID.] m/uerla martota produces the black knot of the plum 

pla"jrl-o-cH'rlte, ple'ji-o-sit'rait, /i. Mint rat. A and cherry. 


plain, n. [Additional phrase.] stratum plain (deal.), plug, n. [Additional sense.] Geol. Same as BVSMALITH . 
a plain conformable to a rock-layer which from superior plum, . [Additional sense.] [Austral.) A timber. tree 
hardness has resisted erosion more than the adjacent layers. (jsucrypMa .!/>'/>/'. t'ullrd also acacia, acacia; 

plain'aail". u. A gcmpyloid fish UtMMttn prdtamt), plum, and while Rally. black plum. one of the 
one of theescolars. Australian plums of Illrtwarra ( ( 'itnjitlin Au*i/ //;.,>, a slen- 

plall, n. [Additional phrase.] Gage plan [U. S.] der tree with a close-grained, useful wood and a dark-pur- 
(Finance), a plan Introduced In 1901 by Lvman J. Gage, pie fruit the size of a large plum. liurdekiii p., a,tlm- 
then Secretary of the Treasury, to amend the terms upon ber-tree (Simmliax plrwyi/Hti) of the cashew family (Ana- 
which national hank* (originally founded to create an asset Cfinllnce^'t, with a wood resembling the American walnut. 
currency) might Issue circulating (or national hank) notes. Called also sweet plum. Java p., same as JAMHOLA- 

plaiie'.n. [Additional phrase.] plane of lire (Gun.). NA. native p. 1. The brush-apple < .! /</* .1 /fm/>. 
the vertical plane In which the line of flre Is Included. 'i- A Tasmanlan tree (CmarrnmM i,iti,i<i\ of the protead 

>l:i'ner-ile, ple'ner-ait, n. Mineral. A dull-green family (./VO&WMS). Called also Port Arthur plum. 
hydrated aluminum phosphate that is closely related to ?ii8cw'fa r m?ly\Jiia^ii/% ( o''/''witli''a' p!um'i"i'k'e" fruit' 
variscite. [< Planer, director of Gumeshevsk mines in white p., the Australian heart'wood (Nototea Hiiu.iirinii). 
the Ural.] pluiii"baK-i-na'ceons, a. Hot. Same as pi.fMHAc.iN KOIS. 

plank'er, plank'er, n. Agr. A drag nsed in smooth- pluin"bo-staii'iilte, plrjnTbo-itan'olt, ;/. MiMi-ul. 

plii'^uile. pip'gwait, n. Mineral. A soft oil-green ing plowed soil. , A metallic gray lead-iron-zinc-antiinony and tin sulliu 

hydrated iron silicate that is closely related to chloropal. plaiik-tol'o-gy, plank-tel'o-ji, n. The branch of hiol- (PbjtFe.ZnljSbjSnjS,,), that is found amorphous. [< 

i< L. piiigui*, fat.] ogy which treats of the phenomena manifested by pelagic PLI'MBUM 4> STANNITE.] 

_ ll'holed, pa. Finance. Bearing traces of having animals; the study of plankton. [< Gr. planktos, wan- pluni'bo-stlb, plum'bo-stib, n. Mlntral. A tibrous 
frequently been pinned (to other documents): said of dering, + -LOOT.] variety of boulangerite. [< PLUMBUM + STIBII-M.] 

certain stock-certificates, as indicative of the floating plank-ton'lc, plank-ten'ic, a. BM. Pertaining to plnme'aiiotli". n. [Additional phrase.] vine plume, 
character of the stock. plankton. moth, a plume-moth whose caterpillars bind together 

pin'i-cateibuK", . Same as PISACATE-BUQ*. pla' / llo-l'er'rlte, ple'no-fer'oit n Mineral A green and feed on the young leaves and buds of the vine. 

pl"iil-prrrln, pai-ni-pai'crin <>/ -pic'rin, n. A glucosid to brown hydrated ferric sulfate (Fe,(OH) 1 SO 4 .13H.,Ol, Plu"nI-e'ra, plrrini-f'raor-e'ra, n. Bot. Agenusof 
(t'i,H j.O, ,) obtained from parts of various conifers, as that crystallizes in the orthorhombic system? [ < FLANO- tropical American trees or shrubs of the dogbane family 
the bark of Ptnui sylvettriJi, green parts of Thuya occi- _|_ L./erntm, iron.] (Apocynaceae), with alternate leaves and terminal cvmes 

dentolle and Junlperus goblna, and others. [< L. jriniif, Plan-ta'^o plan-te'go or -ta'go n Bot A genus of white, cream-colored, or rose-purple flowers with long, 
r"."',^ Vr./rilcro*, bitter.] of herbs of the pfantain family ( Pldntagit<acesf\ embra- funnel-shaped corollas. There are about 40 species. [< 

pi iik'liHli". . A blind gobioid fish ( TmHMoMui col- clng aM thc 8pe cie6 except those of the two monotypic Chas Plumier, American botanist.] 

tfnrntf/ixim lonliu otr thi- cnjist (if I.OXVIT ( .'ilifornm ;iiui _ r..jj-_-i_ ii__ _,-__ > a n- _ - *,_ nlniti".!! n^ili>i._-i,,ir ji ATIV- iin^lfru?' 

(fornierurif) found off the coast of Lower California and 

ttllf). one of the demoiselles. loue, any aphldld which infests pine-trees, especially rived from or modified by substances in a gaseous con- 

pin-io', pln-te' n. [Philippines ij A door a Tagalog term. Lnchnus ttrobi. dition: said of ores and other mineral deposits: con- 

pl-o'pi-o, pl-8 pl-o, a. (New Zealand.] A thrush (Tur- plas'nio-xonie, plaz'mo-sOm, n. Btol. The true nu- > r nat<vl with bmlninnsnisf r^ .i 

naarn cr*,, ): aboriginal name. cleolus of the cell, distinguished by its affinity for acid 

[< PNEUMATO- + Gr. Mot, loosed.] 

tamed indirectly from a reaction between ethylene bromid pi 

y ] 

poison. [< L. piper, pepper, + ora/ut, ovate.] ~" Pla-to'da, pla-to'du, n. pi. The Plutelminthu. [< Gr. A bitter lig'ht-yellow amorphous compound '(C 1D H 9l b f ) 

pi'pi-', pi'pl, M. [ New Zealand.] An edible shell-ash (Jfao- f la 'l>*' *\< + ttrtn*, form.l contained as an active principle in the mandrake-ioot 

detnui novx-zelHniliefi. plat 'y-iiel-min'thic, plafl-hel-mln'thlc, a. Same as and in its resin (podophyllin), and used in medicine as a 

TH ' "' drastic cathartic. [< PODOPHTLLUM + TOXIN.] 

.u, or ore, c a oy me on-rusmng nood-tide ^h' Ti,i* .^rf irt ,1 * ' m ,nV , P<* <"-lo-ry-tlie'ml-a, pfsi-Io-sai-thi'mi-a or pe - 

up the Amazon. ine lidet and Kindral Phtnmnena p. 19. [H. M. & co.l ki-lo ki rhB'rnl n r Pnihnf The nroao r,f nm>.iin 

plr>t'Hon-lle, pirs'en-ait, n. Mineral. A vitreous t< Gr. plemmyra, flood-tide, + mttron, measure.] cTtes in the blood I < iSm' ( K-YTp"^r^/S;i V)lood 1 

white hydrate! sodium-calcium carbonate (Na,Ca(CO 3 ).,. plen-ar'gy-rlle, plen-ar'ji-rait, n. mneral. A met- pol"kl-lo-ev-tlie / nil-a^ 
illM), that crystallizes in the orthorhombic system, allic iron-black snver-bismuth sulfld (AgBiSj), that vo'uo, po'go [Philippines ]*A quail- native name 
i>. \b.:i "rmon,t>iiriKaM\aume.] crystallizes in the monoclinic system. [< L. plenus, full, po-hc'wa, po-hf'wa, n. A cyprinoid flsh (LflieiKUl 

fl-xo nl-a, pai-lor pi-JsO'm-a, n. Bot. Agenusof + <r. argyros. silver.] hvdronldnr\ of the Suit I nkp lmin ml Snki> river 

tropical trees or stirubs of the four-o'clock famtly (Nyc- ple"o-nee'tHe, plfo-nec'tait. . Mineral. A resin- oneXhe rarps- alwrWnal nanie 

taginacex), with opiMslte or scattered entire leaves, and ous graylsh-whltc lead and antimony oxychlorid and po-hu"i-ka-ro'a, po-hnyi.ka-ro'a n fNcw Zealand 1 
small, pink, greenish, or yellow, mostly dioecious flowers areenate. [< Gr. pleonektls, greedy.] SaTne as POUDLV 


(1) Same as LION-FISH*. (2) 

the positive from the negative pole. 
pileh'i, plch'l, n. [Austral.] 

[< Gr. PKxinpot, son of 
A concave block of wood P" *' e ' P'in'thcdt, n. Mineral. A brick-rcd hydra- 

u rim IMT. either of two scorptenold fishes of tl 
Atlantic waters of America: 

, firm gsk; at, fare, accord; el e mnt, $r = ov^r, felght, = usage; tin, mhine, = re new; obey, no; net, nSr, at.m; full, rttle- but bdm- alele- 
*T Crc^referecce. o word, to the Addenda are Indicated b y an asterisk (). When not followed b y an asterisk toe reference is to the main voc.bu7ary 

2169 pringle 

IM>iNoii:hll sh", n. Same as POISONPLANT, 1. desert are made during the pom pom week and many marriages are of Tasmania and New Zealand whose starchy root is eaten 

poiMOll = bllsll L Austral.], any species of Gastrolobiltm. consummated. All debts are canceled before the feasting begins by the natives. p. early blight, a disease of the foliage 

dogwood P. [New South Wales!, u shrub IJfyqpontm and difficulties with families and rivals are settled. Bo that nothing of the potato, caused by the fungus MtlcrOHjwrium Solani, 

dexerti]. Called also Ellaugowau poisombiiNli. wl11 remain to disturb tin- (entiviticsot the occasion. in which the leaves curl, become yellowish and more or 

poke'lo"ken, pok'15'keu, it. [Local, U. S.J A marshy Presba. Banner Pittshurg, Sept. 25, 1902, p. 20. less marked with small, blackish, fungous patches. Called 


clnilllll J -HI II "slllril, IHIBU niii^iiiru, nuu wurm: (inii<)<iiri>iif, <:<iiiiiijt>iiiia].'ti ui central -vuMiraiia. "* mv*onj yw, *UM u uj ,j 

weed of the northern United Suites and Canada. [< Gr. Pop'o-crat, pep'o-crat, n. [U. S.] Polit. A Democrat with unequally pinnate leaves and long.stalked, dense 
poll/', many, + ,VM, unequal.] who ha8 a( ] op ted t h e opinions of the Populists: a term heads or spikes of small flowers, of ten polvganmusordice- 

pole 1 , n. [Additional sense.] Ayr. The stalk sent up by , .iprininn <?,. Kt unnlied in the nrraiilpntiiil cnm-neR of clous. It Includes about 20 species, natives of north tem- 
a Sisal hemp.piant after flowering.- large pole, a tree ?L- n th I) ( nor. ' , P CTate regions, the best known Mug 1'. fiinir/iiimrlM, the 

with a trunk from 8 to 12 inches Pn diameter at about 4!^ ; T, P rbp Pm nlia a 8alsd or S ard '""-net, and P. Ciii,,i,lei,ili, the American 

feet from the ground. Compare SMALL POLE*; STANDARD': were ass ne ropuiisis. [< burnet. [< Gr. piitfrion, drinklng.cup.] 

VKTERAK*. pole'splant", n. A small plant developed / J o/)- m POPULIST + -omw in DEMOCRAT.] Po-to'mar se'rles. Geol. A series of beds, nowhere 

from a bud on the pole of a Sisal hemp.piant which lias pop'o"ver, pap'O'ver, n. A very light small cake or marine, composing the Lower Cretaceous deposits of the 
become detached, fallen to the ground, and there taken muffin: so named from its rising over the dish in which Atlantic borders and part of the ancient Gulf border of 
root. Sucli "pole-plants" after growing for a time are it is baked. the United States from Nantucket to Arkansas The 

taken up and transplanted for ^a new ciyp. Hinal II ^ p., a pop'py, n. '[Additional phrase.] Iceland poppy lower or James river bed Is by some referred to the Juras- 
tttmMmSuu^BJ n^Slni *h ntr.^'a (Bot. >, a large showy yellow to bright-orange poppy (Pupa- sic. The Acquia creek beds are central in position, and 

trmwtii ver nuMcaide) of the mountainous regions of the northern the Karitan or Albirupean are the latest. 

rirMiH^nni xmnnniinri <.*/ l i,..i.-'. nr" hemisphere; arctic poppy. po'toiiK, po'teng, . [Philippines.] A narrow cloth wound 

1 fan The it,"r of Pop'u-lisiu, pop'yu-lizm, n. [U. S.] The policy of around the head; among the aborigines, a cloth used to bind 

aliriit n Sc ) a pole of a fle'l-lnag the People's party: usually as & derogatory epithet. See the forehead and. temples: a native term, 
net formed by a single core and winding: opposed to con- under PEOPLE. [< L. napulm, people.] 'rtScfcf.rai ' r ' "' pasture; In aba, a 

sequent pate formed by a double winding. po-ran'gi, po-ran'ji, a. [New Zealand.] Foolish; demented; D( , U ,.|, P ,I iiioiiHr2 A small arboreal marsunlal of Aus- 

pollo-, pel'i-o-. From Gr. polios, gray: a combining depressed: an aboriginal word. P< S5ia, C of w"?ch there ar "many speclel chiefly of hfgeVus 

form. por'cu-plne, [Additional compounds.] por'cu- p^siologale. Called also kaiignroounouse. 

po-lis'ta, po-lls'ta, n. [Philippines.] 1. A public work. pinebiro , n. [Austral.] A striate( :u (Amy- poul'trytlck", n. A mite (Aram americana) para- 

de 'ubfic 6 Pl " ra1 ' th 8e rendermg compulsory services to "^"with i?"tai] i porraptegras?.- pf/gi-ass'atit, ! Bit j c on P oultr y '? America. 

pol'len-i"zer, pel'en-ai'zfir, n. An insect or other rAustral.] ^^^^^^^^^^{^ ^^^^f^^^^^^fff^^S^yj^Ht^^f^Q^Q^ji^^f t ^i(y^, 
agency that pollenizes flowers. onrrot \ \ustral 'l \ Broiind"i)irr'ikeet (V r >,i */''! s Prac'ti-co, prac'tl-co, n. [Sp.J 1.' A" practised persons 

pol'len=plate", n. A concave receptacle for pollen on occtdfntalis) frequenting the places overgrown with por- practitioner; as, a physician, a. In the Philippines, a guide, 
a bee's tibia. cuplne.grass, from which It derives Its name. prc-ctp'1-tln, prg-sip'i-tin, re. A substance formed in 

po'lo 3 , po'lii, re. [Philippines.] Personal service which the pore'=cap"8iile, re. A capsule opening by pores or chinks blood-serum that has the property of precipitating ho- 
natlves were compelled to render to the Spaniards: a for the escape of the seeds, as In the poppy and toad-flax. mologous sera, 
native term. por'sree 2 , pSr'gi, re. [E. Ind.] An emblotocoid flsh {Dam- pre"ex-il'i-an, pri'ex-il'1-an, a. Jewish Hist. Pertaining 

po-lo'iii-iim, po-10'ni-tmi. re. A chemical element alic/it/ii/s nn/i/ruiomm) of the Pacific coast.waters, one of to or denoting a period prior to the Babylonian exile, 
found as a sulfate in uraninite by Currie in 1898, and re- tn e surf.flshes. [< PRE- + L. exilium exile.] pre"ex-ll'ict. 

sembling bismuth in its chemical properties Its power P r 'lfer, per ger, n. [Jewish.] One who extracts the sin- pre-la'brilin, prg-le'brum, n. [-BBA, pi.] Entom. The 

oa that ?, ews of slain animals. [Prob. < Heb. parauli, to separate. | clypeus. [< PRE-+ LABRUM.] 

LTa e e nemSf his not trt been isolated [< P r 'Sy- [Additional phrases.]- li.lle=l,eai porgy, pre-la'to. PTfrM'tol". [Heb.] A cake of unralsed potato. 
, r, !i i It8elt f " af iee ? lsolatea - I < r a porgy ( Calamus pruridens) of waters about the West In- nour used during Passover. 

PMaiid, the native place icf the discoverer .] dies and Florida. Called also pez de pluma. little, pre-mun'dane, pri-mun'den, a. Same as ANTEMUXDANE. 

po-lot', pe-lst , re. [Philippines.] Any kind of sirup: a ,, lou tli p., a porgy (Calamus pmna) of southern Florida Pre-Ilail'tlies, prg-nan'thlz or -thes, n. Bot. A small 
lagaiog term. to Brazil. Called also the sheepshcad porgy. saucers genus of European and Asiatic herbs of the aster family 

2 1 y-So-" la'tum, pel i-go-ne'tum or -ng'tum, n. eye p., a sparold flsh (Calamus calmmu) found oft the fcomitoeitsB), closely allied to Naoalm, which is included 
Bot. A genus of smooth or pubescent herbs of the lily West Indies and Florida Keys. Called also pez de pluma, i n it KT sonie botanists as a submenus embracing all the 
family (Liliaceee) the Solomon's - seals embracing southern p., a porgy (Stenotomu* acttle.atus) found \ 7T . fr f,,, ln anpripa r^io wTVIrW 1 .* i^ rr minis 
about S species, natives of the north temperate zone, on the_ea8tern and southern coasts of the United States - 2SSrtmSo- nnthn, flnwpr 1 
*pp ^ni/iirnw'a.afi TT ^ (V neiltirmnfifnti smhfx Spanish p., a scarold flsh (Scarus radians) of Bermuda. lace Qownwaru, + onf/jos, nower.J 

kntJ"i L ' polygonaton, < polys, p^Atrt", . Same as CATALINETA, 1*. pres"i-den'ci-a, pres'i-den'thl-a, n. [Sp.] Presidency. 

A y iit. 9 y ',,- r?; J ii-ii.- po"ro-po'ro, po'ro-pO'ro, re. [Maori.] A kangaroo-apple pre'so, pre'sO, re. [Sp.] A prisoner. 

pol'y-litti, pel'i-hth, n. A polylithic monument or (Solarium aviculare). Corrupted Into bully*bnl or press 1 , vt. [Additional sense.] Golf. To endeavor to 
structure: distinguished from monolith. 1,11 1 1 ;i I, u 1 1 . strike (a ball) harder than is warranted, to secure accuracy 

por'j'-lltl'l-on-lte, pel'i-lith'i-en-ait, n. Mineral. A por'phy-rln, Iper'fl-rm, -rln, re. Chem. A white of aim. 

lithium mica from Greenland that is closely related to por'phy-rtne, ) amorphous compound (C.^H.jjNjOj) press 1 , re. [Additional phrase.] in press, undergoing 
zinnwaldite. [< POLY- -j- LITHIUM.] contained as an alkaloid in the Australian feverbark(^l2- the process of printing- a publishers' term 

pol"y-mas'tlc, pel'i-mas'tic, a. Having more than stonia constricta), and used in medicine as an antipyretic, press'el, pres'gl, re.' Elec. A push-button fixed on a 
two breasts. [< POLY- + Gr. mastos, breast.] [< Gr. porphyra, purple.] spring conductor. 

_ _ _ . . i applied by Voigtlaender: used also attributively. ] 

Bot. A large group of hymenomycetous f ungl the |,,,i i <> 1. 1 i-ni binocular, a binocular Held- or opera. PHETOHIAN, a. 
poiyporus or bracket-fungus family in which the spores glass, provided with a special combination of prisms for pret'tysface' 7 , re. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] Any 
are borne on the inner surface of pores or tubes. It em- the purpose of producing a non.reversed image and of small kangaroo. 

braces more than 600 American species. See POLYPOBUB materially shortening the length of the tubes and reducing pre-zo'nal, pre-zo'nal, a. Anat. Situated in front of 
[<Gr.po(, many, + poros, pore.] the weight of the Instrument. [L., far oft*.] the pelvic girdle. [< PKE- + ZONAL.] 

pol''y-po-ra'ceous, a. port', n. [Additional phrases.] -equipped port [Phil- p r l ce , n. [Additional phrases.] overhead prlee 

pol"y-8ac'clia-rid(e,peri-sac'a-ridOT--raid,re. Chem. gjte 1 '*^*^'?*!??^?^^??^?^ 1 ^"^ (Finance), an absolutely comprehensive price which covers 

One of certain carholivdratpn fnrmert from ninnnBurrhnr to " u l y ,',. as ? n Interlor P ort >? r , a , P ort ?* entr J interior not only prime cost, but all Incidental charges of every de- 

m Their formula Vrr H n w , whk-h ^ n, n re P. [Philippines], a port at which an Inspector of customs scrlptlon as well.- wide prices (finance), widely dl- 

.r formula is (C,H 10 O 6 X<;, m which a; is more as been assigned to duty but at which no duties are col- vergent prices, the discrepancy between comparable or 

than 2. Starch, inulin. glycogen, dextrms, and cellulose lected. unequipped p. [Philippines], a port at which related events being marked 

are polysaccharides. [< POLY- + L. saccharon. sugar.] no custom-house Is maintained, no duties collected, and at fu rArlHitinnoi apnp T A ncrmmv^nnniH fiah 

pol"y-ac'clia.rldt. which no vessels are permitted to enter except by order of p f J"*' ?:. L A ?rfiJ? f he Imall blacl lamnrev c'alle 

rJ>i"v- ii'i <<<> nnl-i ail'i upt n rh^m A unit nf the military governor or district commander. (Lampena wuaen), tne small DiacK lamprey. Laneu 

P nnK.?ilfni ,^rf P porth, Perth, re. [Welsh.] A small bay or Inlet; creek. also pride. 

i...l''v .nprWi'lo r,Bl"i anprrn'ic n Jifni Pprtoinm,, POFfite, pOrt'ait, , Mineral. A white hydrated alu- prlck'flsh", n. A myctophoid flsh (Macrostoma an- 
> imi5 mT i-spsrm ic, a. awl. Pertaining minum 8 ilfcate that crystallizes in the orthorhombic sys- gustidem) of the Atlantic and Indian oceans, Norway, 

w ijoiyi-pLriiiy tern, and is classed among the clays. [< Porte, of Tus- and Greenland. 

p ?". y y^"*. U ?' P- h ? S-lQit, n. Mineral. A si ver-lead ', prick'foot", n. A Tasmanlan plant (En/ngtum reslculo- 

^fv^V^ n ny ' [< Gr ' po ' ! " efes ' cx -port"I-un'cu-la,pOrt"i-un'kiu-la,n. [-L^,^.] Eccl. m), with prickly leaves. See EKYKGIOTI. 

travagAnt.J ^ Th plenarv indulgence granted to sincere penitents who prick'ine, re. [Additional sense.] [Rng.] The act of punt- 

por'ytli-l-oii'lc, perith-i-en'ic, a. Chem. Referring , a ,>iim-ima in thp fVmrch at \**i*i ,ri itor tn Ing (a boat). 

tooneof the thiosulfuric acids in which more than one F r ancLa fvtaftini other ^cnurch^of tha 'or er Thrw P rlck/I y' ' [Additional phrases.]- prickly bullhead, 
atom of sulphur is found in the molecule. [ < Gr. polys, FhSrehes St AfflKenafred bv St Francis received the a 8clllpl < Cottus a " ver) foll " d !" ^tr m m s of the Cascade 
many, + tAeion, sulfur.] name j, or tiimcula. (< L. porim'ncula, dim. of porfio, i x , a "f J-" p< rArtfml'nf^ XS T M n l i? t '." I i2S^"r &SK' 

pol"y-ty'pal, pel'i-tai'pol, o. Same as POLYTYPIOAL. portion] priest, n. [Additional phrase.] priests eode (Jiccl.), 

pol"y.zo'oid, pen-zo'eld,.&re. Same as POLYZOAN. Por"tu-gnese' but'ter-fly". A West-Indian butterfly. ^JBM^gnSdta^ifexatcTOh^csoeSl^ 

Po-ma'ce-te, po-me'sg-I or -mg,'ce-e, re. pi. Bot. An flsh (Chxtodonariatus). * 'w " 8 ' " s un f '( <- J <?'' < "' ' l ; t " 11 t > <) l ? 1 .5* 

orderof treesor shrubs-theappteorpe^arfamily-whose por'u-lose, pOr'yu-lOs, a. Having many fine pores. S ' ' 'nafit e work Incorm rnt , w ithUi. other matte? 

r ueen a separate worKincorporati a w itnini. ptner maiier 

o BU Ji LUC uucKtnom luuiny (jfiiajii- Taking place subsequent to marriage; of or pertaining to Kemon, wax.] pri"nii-ce'ri-um?; pri'ini-K<'i +. 

nacese), with alternate leaves and small flowers usually in married life. post"em-bry'on-al, a. Rial. Same as prlin'rose", n. [Additional phrases.] native prim- 
terminal clusters. The species number about SJO, natives POSTEMBRYONIC. post-na'tus. I. a. Belonging or re- rose, a Tasmanlan plant ( Goodenia geiiiculattt) of the 
of extratropical Australasia. [ < Gr. ndina, lid, + derris, ferring to the postnati. II. re. 1. One of the postnatl. goodeniadfainilv( Hmidenmtvx). I'rimrosediiy [Eng.], 
skin.] See POSTNATI. 2t. A younger son. April 19, the anniversary of the death of Lord Beaconsneld, 

ii<ti<>'<> r-i ii--ii i. n rAdditinnnl nbmapa n nniivp post'=croak"er, n. Same as SPOT, n., 4. whose favorite flower, the primrose, has been adopted as the 

i...iii..~r,i lit R r Austral l the cnner tree i r,,,,nnri ,,n Pont'=ex-cliani{e", . [U. S.I Mil. A canteen. emblem of the Primrose League, and is on this day worn in 

W/A -in,\n ,,Hv.. n' a natK-p ornu.e ', ,', , , '< I>-t'l'l. PosjU'o, re. A confection made by baking fruit commemoration, by all members and Conservatives. 
m&aii' i""' P" a natl orange (Cappam wltn honey Prlm"u-la'les, prim'yu-le'liz or -Ig'les, n. pi. Sol. 

pom-pa'no, re. [Additional phrase.] - great pom- p " t , ida 'L J materlLTof U^flmne a TOt-hole ""^ " A , S ro "P. t ,, of ord ers of gamopetalous, dicotyledonous 

pano, a carangold flsh ( Trachinotm gondei) of the West. >]'dated material orten filling a pot-hole. plants with regular flowers, superior one-celled ovaries, 

Indian and Florida coasts, the palometa or permit. See Pot"a-mo-get"o-na'<-e-ae, pet a-mo-get o-ne'se-f or an( j stamens usually opposite the lobes of the corolla. 

-ng'ce-e, n. pi. Bot. An order of immersed aquatic plants j t includes the Priniulacex. Ptaulnglnacea, Plmnbaglna- 

cese, and JUt/rstnacex. [< LL. primula, primrose, + L. 
primus, first.] 

also attrlbutlvelv Pofa-iiion'1-dse, pet"a-men'i-dt or -de, re. pi. The pr , . . . 

Tflnhurirlip f ^ fir mfnmfiit river 1 Gentlemen; noblemen. 

The dancing of the pom pom continues for one week and is kept J tlpn.UKia<. [ < yr. fwaTtwx, nver.j i.i.i^o-l nrin'<rl / TDDTW/^T ^.T^. ,.,.,*..,, 

interesting by we^ioiml feast, of dried lmon. venison and frurte PO-ta'tO, re. [Additional phrases, etc.] Indian potato, P" e'. P rln .g'; "' [PKIN'GLED; PKIN'QLING.] 
of the mountain. Old men invite the young braves to their wickiups the ground. nut (Avion tuberota). native p., a leafless cause to crunch By treading on, as gravel. A. CONAN 
and prepare big dinners for their entertainment. Love matches parasitic orchid ( Gastrodia sesamoides or Cunninfffiamt) DOYLK Cosmopolitan Magazine Jan., 97, p. 63. 

u = out; ell; lu feud, Jfli = future; c = k; cburch; All = the; go, sing, ii.ik; o; thin; zb = azure; F. boi'i, diine. <, from; t, obsolete; $, variant. 
(S~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are Indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


21 TO 

prliil'liiz, n. [Additional phrases.] printing in pro"te-ln'o-clirome, prfyte-in'o-crOm, n. Chem 

(Phot ). a method of adding to any photographic design violet-color reaction formed by combining protemoc 

Introduced features which are foreign to the original sub- mogen with bromin or chlorin water. 

ject, these being taken from some other ' 

and Inserted at 

tographlc pn 

rays without 

ing free sllv. ___________ ., ----- 

rays so as to produce a visible image. 
pri'o-noid, prai'o-neld, a. Zool. Toothed Uk< 

a saw. [ W.] 
prl'0-nus, prai'o-nus, n. [-ni,nl.] A Ion 

of the genus Priority, especially P. la/icolito, 

bore into roots of trees, timber, and h 

< Gr mWn saw! 

urlMlu n [Additi 

calclU! Drlim I 

thin aJr.s nice in , d f 1 ng 





nosie), usually roughened in all parts, especially the calyx 
and pods, with glandular dots or warty points, giving it 
its scientific name, which means " scurfy." They have 
usually compound, one* to flve-follolate leaves, pink, white, 

, pro- 

Thrombin at an earlv stage. 

[< PRO- + THROMBI*.] 

- _ ;ntal vigor or strength of will. [< PSYCHO- -[-DYNAMIC.] 

mal phrases 1 Foucault prism, Pro'ti-um.l>rO ; shi-uin or 5l-um, n. [Java.] Hot. A genus psy.cliopo-gy, n. [Additional phrase.] abnormal 
"separated of trees of shrubs of the myrrh family (AyrwrooM), by psychology, that division of psychology which treats of 
ace 1 1" ead of being c ' men tec] ; togetbcr some regarded as a section of Burmra. P. Jaiaulcum is . SucTi mental processes as deviate from What Is regarded as 

anaphora. See ANAPHORA, 3. [< PRO- . _ 
prob'lem. n. [Additional phrases.] Kepler's prob- 
lem, the problem of finding the position of a planet at 
any given time If Its elements are given: proposed by Kep- 
ler In 1609. Pfalfs p., a problem concerning the trans- 
formation of a certain differential expression. 
proc'e*B,n. [Additional phrases, etc.] ac / ld.proc"eM, 
K. Metal. A method of making steel or homogeneous Iron 
in a Bessemer or open-heartbea converter having an acid, 
as opposed to a basic, lining. actinic p., a process of 
photoengraving by which relief printing-surfaces are ob- 
tained through actinic action. Bell p. (Metal.), a method 
of washing smelted Iron by adding Iron oxld: named from 

normal or usual. It embraces the various forms of Illusions 
and hallucinations; of the phenomena of trance, hypnotism, 
and automatism; of the psychic effects of drugs and intoxi- 
cants and of diseased bodily conditions, etc. 

>phys'ic-al law. See FECHNER'S LAW, under 

11 p. o'f the Javanese species yielding a stimulant resin, 
ini-protoprisin. proto-, prejlx. [Additional terms.] pro"lo-al-bu'- 
pro"ari-aph'b'-ra, prO'an-af'o-ro, ri. Eccl. In the maw, n. An albumose from Bacillus antliracii. See 

iurch. the Snlroductory, service preceding the ^^t^*tfg^^>tt!!!tib% p8 T'cho'- d p' 

--" - J - ^SSy^^^^^^SMffl^S^r^^M, n. [Additional phrase.] _ w hite=t.l.ed 
[i-A, pf.J Bot. A basldium partitioned Into four cells ptarmigan, a ptarmigan (Lagnpnx leucnriw) ranging 
either transversely or longitudinally, each cell producing from the arctic regions along the Rocky Mountains into 
sterigma on which the basldlospore Mexico. 

Chem. A compound 
f the wafer-ash (Ptelea 

\ pi A group v""~" "" " ' ne a8 a 8timulant and 

ofbivalveTnollusks' whose gills areTassumed to be of a prim- Atonic. [ < PT . E I; EA -] 

aplcally or laterally a 

^^^^^^^K^S^' e ^^^^^^^^^^ t ^ 

. ..-,,.,,* .-,,,,,., ,,.,,.,,, ..,,, .... -. _.~.. Kfr/iinic'uiieii? An "early' cleavage product of casein. pter"l-do-pliy'le, ter'i-do-flt'ic, a. Of, pertaining 

the Inventor. chalkip., . Engraving. A process In pro"to-clas'lic, ft Geol. Having a structure derived to, or resembling the Ptenaophyta, or fern-plants. 
which the chalked portions of the surface of a metal plate f rom tne solidification of molten rock, in which the crystals pter"i-<lo-pli) 'loll*; . 

are cut away and a stereotype cast from the matrix thus 
made. Deraenffe p. (Metal.), a process of hardening 
the face of a steel ingot by carburizlng one side In the cast- 
ing-mold. EnirlUh p. (Metal.), a process of oxidizing 
and reducing copper ores in a reverberatory furnace. 
II u i] he* p. (Mttal.), a purifying and oxidizing process 
for removing sulfur from copper matte, by subjecting It to 
a blast of air: named from the Inventor. p.splate, n. 
Photoengraving. Any plate produced by the so-called 
" new process. See PROCESS, n., 7. Bweepinff p. ( Ttter- 
modunamicJt), the process or alteration of condition which 
is established by the spontaneous return to equilibrium of 
i material system previously not in equilibrium. 

Confernalex and Siphonete. pro"to-e-la'IOHe 

for removing sulfur from copper matte, by subje.ctln.gjt to gainlc' ~Chein. A ^product of the" digestion of elastln. 

pro"to-Bel'a-tp!te, n. Organir-chem. A digestion lellula . . . m Mv ^ < .,. / ,. l ,, 

product of gelatin- pro''lo-glob'u-l.i8e,.&rajm.c , h di coid head8 of fl owe rs and the stem winged by 

Chem. Albumose formed from digestion of globulin. tv _ _, _. !, z> ,.,...,-./,.;,, tho l,l,,"L-rn,,t 

, n. Or- Gr. pteron, wing, -f- karya, walnut-tree.] 
elastln. pter"o-cau'lon, ter'o-cS'len or -can'len, n. Bot. A 
genus of perennial herbs of the aster family ( Composite), 

_.,,., !./! i,,./, ,.,,,, pSrahYinir to he earliest the decurrent leaves. P. pycnostafhyum, the blackroot. 

p.o,l o'f the st<me lg * ^pro"u - i li'iloii-ite, a tonic used by the ncgroeS, 1 Is found In damp pine-barrens 

, , , E^a? Adar?mhlunilron^n"af",mVheg?anl!er'ock8 In southeastern United States. [< Or. pteron, wing, + 

pro-ces'ion-i8t, pro-sesh'on-Ist. n. [Bare. I One who O f Bohemia that is nearly related to zlnnwaldlte. pro"- iounw, stem.] . 

takes part In a procession, especially an ecclesiastical to-my'o-xin-ose, n. Oru'inlc Chem. An albumose pter'o-rnlne, ter'o-rin or -rain, a. Bearing leathers 

procession. fonneddurlngdlgestion of myosin. pro'lon. n. [-TA.pi.] on the nostrils, as some alcoid birds. [< Gr. pteron, 

Proc"nI-at'I-dae, jjrec'ni-at'i-dl or -dS, n. pi. Ormth. Embryol. Same as ANLAOE. pro'^lo-neph'Ti-nm, i: 

-f- Gr. pttge, stroke.] 

pro-dln'so-concli, pro-dis'o-cenc, n. The early stage 
of a bivalve mollusk corresponding to the nuclear stage 
of a univalve. [ < PRO- + Or. dissos, twofoli' 

pro-flu'Tl-uni, pro-flu'vi-um, n. [-VI-A, pi.] Pathol. 

Any morbid discharge or excretion attended by fever. p ^ ui - m , p|! priim , pl _ n [s.-Afr. D.] A plug of tobacco. ,_, ,. 

pru'iil-foriti, nrB'ni -farm, a. Resembling a prune; pto-mat'ro-pln, to-mat'ro-pin, n. Organic Chem. 

\ < PRO- -)- L. fliteiw, river.] 

pro"ge-ot'ro-plm, pro-je-et'ro-pizm. n. Bot. Posi- - p i im i. 9 haped. '[< PKI-SE + -FORM.J 
live geotropism: opposed to apogeotroin*m, or negative p ru / n | ns .. . [Additional phrase.] natural pruning, 
geotropism. [< PBO- + GEOTROPISM. J the failure to grow or the dropping off of the lateral 

pro-gres'wlon, it. [Additional.] progression of branches of a tree In a forest. It takes place during the 

Gr. pteron, wing, + spenna, seed.] 
til-1'num, til-ai'num or -t'num, n. [-NA, pi.] A ceph- 
alic vesicle of certain insects, as of a fly, after emerging 
from the pupa-case. [< Gr. ptUon, soft feathers.] 

In consciousness for the first time; a form of paramuesla. of'oroR8t'er,'8a"me v n's"GATHA. 
"' '' 

, , . . 

One of certain ptomains from cadavers or putrid meat 
with poisonous action resembling that of atropin. [< 


gar formed by the 
n starch; maltose. 

. ,. [< PTYAI.IN.] 

pro"neph-rld'l-um, prO'nef-rid'i-um, n. The pri- p Bam -iiiopll'i-lou, sam-mefi-los , a. Biol. Living pu"ai-o'hi, pu'al-o'hl, n. [Hawaii.] A turdinc bird (Ptue- 

ROS. in sandy places. [< (ir. piammos, sand, +phileS,\ove3 v ' > 

' r " 

mordial kidney. Compare PRONEPHRO 
pro'nymph, pro'nimf, n. The metamorphotic stage p H ani"ino-ther'a-pv,' sam"o-ther'Q-pi/n. Pathol. 

preceding the nymph, as in some dipterous insects. Therapeutic treatment by sand-baths. [< Gr. psammos, 

pro-pal'a-nlnfe, pro-pal'a-nin, n. Chem. A crystal- sand. + tkerapeia, treatment.] 

line compound (C 4 H,N0 3 ), inodorous and sweet, due to pitani'iiious, sam'us, a. Containing or impregnated 

the action of bromobutyric acid upon ammonia. Called with sand; sandy. [< (ir. psammos, sand.] 


>''"*" ' f * v , , c - 8 in i e's 
' . t | ,.t. 
product ' 

I or o'ce e 




Some of its best-known genera are frun_ _ . 

Puccinia, and I'roniyces. [< T. Puccini, Italian anatomist.] 

puc^cln-I-a'ceous, a. 

also amidoibntyrir acid. pseud-, I combining forms. [Additional terms.] puck, n. [Additional sense.] A circular disk of semi- 

pro-par-nyl'ic, pro -par-Jll'ic, a. Chem. Same as PRO- pgeudo-, \" peud"a-cou8'ina, n. Pathol. Same as hard rubber used in playing hockey. 

PIOLIC. PSWI-n*fT-ls nMond^fi.tnll^. M **. .11 >.""*'.-..* ***. . -- . - " _ 

prop'er, n. A prayer or service specifically appropriate 

to some special occasion or use; also, a collection of 

such forms of service. 
pro'phaae, pro'fez, n. Biol. One of the preparatory 

changes of the nucleus, centrosome, and cytoplasm of a 

cell, before it divides. [ < Gr. prophafit, < pro, forth, 

+ ithaifid, show.] 
pro'pi-o, pro'pi-0, n. [Sp. Am.! Any reservation, land, or 

public building specially appropriated to the general use. 
pro"pl-on / a-mld, prO"pi-en'a-mid, n. A compound 

of ethyl-propionate and ammonia (C 3 H 7 NO). Called 

also metacetainid. [< PROPIONE + AMID.] 
pro-po r de-on, pro-pO'de-en, n. [-DI-A, pl.\ Same as PRO- 

pro"pyl-am'ln, ( pro'pil-am'in, -tn, n. Chem. A 

psEt-DACusis. pMeud"a-toll', n. An atoll having a reef P u"di-a'iio, pfl'di-a'nO, . [Sp. Am.] 1 . Same as LA 

of sand or some structure other than coral. pMCud-Hx'iH, FI ., n o .> \ labroid fish (Irvlin radtatit*} ranging fi 

n. /lot. Same as BVMPODiL-M.-pHeud-ep'i-Kraph, . Florida to Brazil, tailed also pudiano verde. 

A false or spurious writing. See PSEUDEPIKKAPHA. pa _ e > , p u -C'o, n. The Hawaiian owl tAsio accipitrinuK 

pHeu'do-co-tun'nile, n. Mineral. A yellow lead sandridenKix) 

and potassium chlorld (PbK s CU) found at Vesuvius, and p u " P . ra 'rl-a , prre-re'ri-Q or -rd'ri-Q, n. Bot. A genus 

n ^^ 08 ? 1 fddltIonli t senseT n ro;7^ 8 Tb. d a^f"e;,!t 1 e l of "the of climbing herbs 'or undershrnbs of the bean lamilv 

coalesced deltldlal plates.- pM en"<lo-liph"tlier-it'- (Leyuminosm), with pinnately trifoliolateleavesand ernall 

ic, a. Pnthol. Of or pertaining to an affection with some blue or purplish flowers. There are about 10 species, 

characteristics of diphtheria which does not develop true natives of tropical Asia, China, and Japan. 

diphtheria. pMCil"do-lial-lu"ei-iia / lion. n. In psy- [Appar. < L. pner, boy.] 

chology, a quasi. percept Insufficiently externalized to be pu-er'per-n, plu-er'pyr-a, n. [-x, pi.] [L.J Med. A 

classed as a complete hallucination. pMeu // do-lib'e- woman about to give birth to a child. 

then-ite, n. Mineral. A variety of llbethenlte In which pu fl- e r, n [Additional phrases.] harp=nosed puffer. 

the water Is in excess of the normal mineral.- peii'Mo- r any flsn ' of tn L ,. falnilv ,;,,'t/,ii,<,strri<iit. closely allied to the 

nu'cle-in, n. Organic Chem. The essential principle, of retriimlniitiilie -Hlliootll p., a tetral>dontoid flsh (Logo- 

nucleoll, being a proteid with small amounts of paranucle Ic ceph ,, lu , ,,,.,,,, O f the Atlantic coast from Cape Cod 

[< PBOSO- -f- Gr. detot, bound.] Chem. 1. An alkaloid derived from hyoscin, having the 

prot"al-bu'moHe. prot'al-btO'moB, n. Chem. Same as provisional formula C 8 Hi 5 NO. 2. 

pEOTOALBfuosE* from coca, at one thne supposed 

pro'tar, pro'tor, n. An anastigmatic photographic ob- _ Dr . cc<: l ng - , 

jective first computed by P. Rudolph in 1889. Ithas been p - s - * V Iumb 5 r tr de - Petersburg (or St. Peters- 

modlflcd from time to. time. double prolar, two protar _burg) standard hundred. See HUNDRED*. 

objectives arranged so as to form a single com 

r, two pro 


Pmld'1-uin, sid'i-um, n. Bot. Ala 

om hyoscin having the pn {; ^?j' a " pul'ga^ai'n. [Sp.] See In table under MEASURE. 
to be Identical with the I""H-fI'il-KOUi. piu'll-sifu-gos, a. Suitable for dri- 

ving away fleas. [ < L. pulex, flea, +fugo, drive.] 
pul'mo-na-ry cnv'i-ty. The pulmonlferous cavitv of 

certain air-breathing animals, as a pulmonate mollusk or 

pulmonate spider. 

. . 

pro-tax'ln, pro-tax'is, n. [-ES, pi.] Geol. The oldest ical trees, shrubs, or rarely undersl 

of the mountain ranges in a mountain chain. [< Gr. 
i nil' <i.rii.. placing first.] 

Pro'te-a'len, prO'te-e'ltz or -g'les, n. pt. Bot. A 
of plants consisting of the one order, Proteacex. [ 

large genus of trop- pul-mo'ni-aii, pul-mo'ni-an, n. 
hrubs of the myrtle put p'V-tac'l ion. pulp'g-fac'i 

A pulmonate. 

-him. n. Conversion or 
usually one to three large white flowers on axillary ped- pii I p-i't i. pulp ai'tis or -t'tis. n. Pathol. Inflamma- 

family (.Vyrtacex), with opposite, entire leaves, and degeneration into pulp. ["< PULP -f- L./acio, make. 

Ip uncles, succeeded by round, egg- or pear-shaped, berry- tion of the pulp of the teeth. [ < PULP 4- -ITIS.] 

like fruit. Of about 100 species, all are American ex- pulp'^tonc", n. A grindstone for grinding wood-pulp. 

pro'te-ld 1 , n. [Additional phrase 1 defensive proleid, <""' ? ne or two - f - Ouaiana, the common guava, Is the pul'Ha-tile <i r'irii n. One of various pulsatile vesicles de- 
a bacterta-dettroylnK Pr->teM either existing nornially In _^'-^n. wn | =le. ^See 3UATA. [< Or.p^wjeed on pap.] veloped_in the legs of certain insects. _ ^ ^^ 

bylng protefd elthe'r existing normally In oesi-Known species. SeeofATA. [< Gr.jwfeo.Teed on pap.] 
tnxluced Into It, as antitoxin, as for dlpb- 1 
therla, by tnbcutaneous Injection. ef perennial herbs or shrubs of the bean family (Legumi 

the blood or Introduced Into It, an antitoxin, as for dipti- Po-ra'Ie-a, so-re'le-d or -rg'le-a, n. Bot. Alargegenus pul-sll'o-gy, pul-sil'o-ji. n. [-oils, pi.] 

formerly used, for determining the rate of the pulse by 

tofa. firm, sk; at, fare, accord; element, er = over, eight, e = usage; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, no; net, nSr, atam; full, rule; but, born; aisle; 
t^T" Cromreferences to words In the Addend* are Indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk (he reference is to the main vocabulary. 

pulza 2171 reactive current 

gradually shortening a cord-pendulum till its period ac- f\ rail'=car", . [Local, U. S.] A rallway-car. 

corded with that of the pulse, when an index indicated V raln'bo w-lier ''ring, n. A smelt (Osmerus <lel<m 

.1. i? 1 *,,,*,.! , found on the Alaskan coast and in the Pacific coast- 

e-ri', n. _ Same as K'BI. waters to northern China. 

the rate on a scale. [< PULSE 1 , ., + -LOGY.] 

i I'za, pul'za, n. Same as PULZA-OIL. See under OIL. ?J 

r and baking- also the bread so maoe. t|ii :i-^v , . YUGI. ^ UBI oiut i HII-IIU'IK, iu 1^0, . 

iiii-uo imn'Ko a lAfr] A large clmraclnoid flsh (I'ilha- horse's coffin. ALLIANCE. See under HANAL. 

rtniis Qtbbfunui} of the Kongo river, prized for food. quartz, n. [Additional compounds.] quartz"* hat'- Raii'di-a, ran'di-a, n. Bot. A genus of erect or chmb- 

pu-ra'que, pfl-rfi'ke, a. ISp. Am.] A rhinol>atoid flsh ter-y, n. [Austral.] A quartz-mill. q..ceratophyre, ing, tropical, evergreen shrubs or small trees ot the miid- 
(MiinobMus percellenx) of the West Indies and southward, . Petrol. A ceratophyre containing quartz, and rich In der family (SuMacese), allied to Gardenia, with white. 
one of the guitar-fishes. soda. q.. reefer, M. [Austral.] One employed In digging yellow, or rarely pink flowers, variously arranged. Its 

pu'rln, piu'rin, n. Chem. A hypothetical basic com- at a reef of gold-bearing quartz. q.ireeflnic, . The f rult nas a d r y rt na and Is separated Internally Into two 
pound (C.H.N.) which, like xanthin and nuclein, is process of digging for gold. compartments. \_< Isaac Haml, Eng. botanist.] 

closely related to urea in composition. quartz'lc, cwertz'ic.a. Geol. Same as QI-AKTZIFKROVS. rallg , . Petrol. A subdivision of an order in petrology. 

pur'ple, a. [Additional phrases.] purple berry, a qnn-He'ta, cwa-se'ta,n. [Sp. Am.] A West- Indian grouper ua8e d on the general chemical character of the bases in 
Tasmanlan evergreen climbing plant (BUlarMera lonpt- (.Alpliestes njcri. the predominant minerals of each class. 

fora) of the plttosporad family (PMoxporacexl, with qna"t;per'cept, n. A phantasm, more or less ob- r .' n .,j/ rn< ran-ga-tal'ra, . [Austral.] A warrior- 
greenish-yellow flowers and blue or purple berries: cultiva- jectified, that the percipient can in a certain sense per- cn)e ff an employer, or one of high social rank: an aborlg. 
ted in greenhouses. p. coot, same as SWAMP-UEN, 1. ceive. Inal t'enn 

pUM'ci. M. [Mex.J Sameaspuxr. qua'ky, cwas'kl. . Same as BU'EBACK, 1 (8). rnngr'shorge", n. [Southwestern IT. S.] A horse that has 

p ll till'* ball", n. A game in general resembling football, queen, . [Additional phrase, etc.] Uueen Anne'8 never been fed on grain. 

in which each of two contesting parties of players tries lace, the wild carrot (Daucus Carota}. queen'wood", rangc'=ta"ble, n. Ordnance. A chart which prescribes 
to push a ball, six feet in diameter and weighing not less n. An Australian timber-tree (Duridsunia pntrtms) of the ( ne an gle of elevation under given conditions of range, 
than 48 pounds, past an opposite goal or boundary. Each bean family </.wmiop>. i/,, . *., wind, and charge. 

team comprises 11 player! A. G. SPALDINO Push Ball <lu j 7. l ) e "' ks ' 16 " "' The caracara ea Ie <~P<V>>ors chert- ran r g y, o . [Additional sense.] Resembling a mountain 
p. 21. [AM. SPORTS. PUB. CO.] aue'lis, ke'lis, . [Philippines.] A small two.wlieeled ve- range; mountainous; rugged. 

pusH'er, n. [Additional senses.] 1. The sternmost M n i c i,. wlthaccommodatlon for four exclusive, of the driver, rairlte, ran'ait, n. Mineral. An alteration product of 
mast of a seven-masted schooner. 2. A boatman who que'ri-inan* . Same as LEBRANCHO*. elaeolite similar in composition to hydronephelite. [< 

shoves a punt for rail -shooters. quel 3 , ket, n. Statistics. A unit of expenditure for the ice. Ban, Norse sea-goddess.] 

luiNliiim. I'U'shum, M. [E. Ind.l The short delicate coating purpose of comparing family budgets. It consists of the raii'sat-lte, ran'set-ait, n. Mineral. An impure man- 

of fur which envelops the under-body of many mammals, amount consumed by an infant at birth, which Is reckoned ganesian garnet 

pu tan'gi tau'gi, pu tan'gl tan'gi. [New Zealand.] Same as unity, and one-tenth is added for every year up to 21) H a -l>H'te-a ra-ne'te-a or -pa'te-a n Sol Agennsof 
,2fifiJESSSSr. [Porto Rico.] A sandpiper. %Z^^*&^i^^t$i$8S tropical herbs of' thc/family Jia^eacez, with long rad- 

pu-tresce', piu-tres', m. [-TRESCED; -TRES'CING.] To clan. R. MAYO-SMITH Statistics and Kconomlct p. 50. ical leaves and erect, simple scan<-H bearing yellow flow- 
become putrescent. [MAOM. '99.] ers in a head or dense umbel. The four or five species 
puf'tee', puftf, n. [Recent.] A gaiter or bandage worn qui'asqui"a, kwl'a.kwi'a, n. The scad, or cigar-fish. are natives of Guiana and Brazil, 
on the leg from knee to foot by soldiers and sportsmen, diiic k'cn-inn lid'uid. A mercurial solution used as a [Native name in Guiana.] 

puf'ty't. preliminary wash in electroplating with silver. Ra-pa"te-a're-a?, ra-pe'te-e'se-t or -pa"te-a'ce-e, u. 

put'ty, re. [Additional sense.] Go(f. A ball made of quick'dunch", n. [U.S.] A light meal served expedl- p i r ]jot. A small order of perennial marsh herbs the 
other material than gutta-percha: socalled from itssoft- Oll 'V|lfi^/iM ln kiim'"i'(i' r n iT'hili'iin** / eD 'A small f^patea family usually included in the rush family 

(Juncacfte), with short, thick rootstocks. 

nv'a'pvtr nni'o snit n Pathnl A nns-cornuscle like a quince 1 , n. [Additional phrases.] native quince limbs. The larva? are often found under the bark of 

py o-cyte, pai c salt, re. fathol. A pus-corpuscle like a ~, Augtral '^ , i ne of three t ' r( . c8 or t Vlr fruit: (D The fruit-trees, and are useful on account of being destructive 
leucocyte, i < PYO- bitter bark ( Anatontiama qnadriluculare). (21 An emu- to the codline-moth. Ba-phld'1-a, n. (t. g.) [ < Or. 

py-ok'taii-lii. pai-ek'tan-m, n. Chem. Methyl violet: spple (Oll , ml ,, iSdtHa). On The horseradlsh-tr.^ (f'o.lo- SrSJ: Ilce 3 lo i 
so called when used as an analgetic, antiseptic, and dis- noatrpiucoUnifolliis). wild q., the Australian black ash '>''" '.,,,{ niiH/i la 

infectant in medicine. [< PYO- + Or. kteino. kill.] (Nephelium semtglaucum). ,//:,,/ "&,,? ,, IF i A vminB nmiii'in'a stntiio or no 

pyr.pair, re. A photometric unit, approximately equiva- qulll'lii. In. [Additional phrase, etc.] - Florida "^ffiVart""" 1 ' "' [F ' ] A young pupil in a studio, or 

py'ra-zln, po.i'ra-zin, . CAem. A modification (C. aui' suiscn, re. D similar to voietite 

H.N.,) of pyridin by the substitution of an N for a CH ratli'He, rat'ait, 'n. Mineral. A metallic gray lead- 

group. Three isomers are described. [< PYRIDIN + arsenic-antimony sulfld (Pb 4 As,SI>,S, ), that crystallizes 

AZO-; see under AZO-.] ,,-,,,. in the orthorhombic system. [< Gerhard vom ffath, 

Py"re-no-ll-clie'nes, pai'rg-no-lai-ki'ntz or pi re- raad'huis, rflfhels, n. [S.-Afr. D.] The German mineralogist.] 

no-h-ke'nes, n. pi. Bot. An order of ascomycetous raadH'herr, rats'har. n. [S.-Afr. D.] A senator. ruths'kel-lcr, ruts', n. [G.] A placeof social resort, 

lichens having spherical or flask-shaped ascocarps. raad'zaal, rot'zfll, n. [S.-Afr. D.] A senate-chamber; usually in the United States, a basement or lower part of a 

yr"e-to-iten'ic, ptr'e-to-jen'lc. a. Pttthol. Same as aseembly.hall. theater, concert hall, or the like, where patrons meet to 

PYRETOGENETIC. pyr"e-tOK'en-oilst. rab'ba-llite, rab'a-nait, n. Same as RABBINIST. smoke, drink, and converse. 

pyro-. combining form. [Additional terms.] py' r ro- rab'bitsinouthed", rt. Having a rabbit-mouth or harelip, ra'ton, ru'ten, n. [Sp. Am.] A polynemold fish (Pttlij- 
cat'e-chin-ol, n. Chem. Same as PYROCATECHIN. ra'bl-forni, re'bi-ferm, a. Pathol. Resembling rabies dactylttx tipproximaiiR'} of the warm Pacific coast*waters 

\j /Itf.llt. .-\ U13L111CU IUCU1U1U BUUI I V Qlin{\ .\ >\tii J4> . l> I n r*ll'*' I TA 1 1 tv. untmii I i '//.*/('.< n/i.y ti^iij <nin i. uo 

napli'tiia. n. A Russian llluminatlng.oll.-py'ro-pen, race 1 , n. [Additional sense.] An enclosed pathway, par- tnU> co i,p er ' flag, and reed mace. 

n. A steel point heated for use in pyrography. Compare ticularly one in an Australian sheep-yard. selling race Rail-wol'lt-a , rS-[w rau-lwel'fl-a, n. Hot. A genus 

PYBOoRApiiY.-py"ro-pho8'phor.ite,n. Mineral. (, a race run under the condition that the o f tropical trees or shrubs of the dogbane family Uno/- 

A dull-white hydrated calcium-magneslum phosphate winner shall be sold by auction immediately after the race. ^V with wborled or oi>iiositc- le-ivc* snmli fliiwers 

that occurs massive, and Is closely related to monetite.- ra. ,' ii-l... ill", n. Xanl. A small racing sloop-yacht; "^f.',' " " h f J !$. Shlcn^riBttf twodfuDeB effi 

py"ro-plio-tom'e-ter, n. Physics. A photometer used a knockabout with a bowsprit. aits, which conslbt ot tod 

forthe determination of high temperatures by means of the ra "dl-o=ac'tlve. a. Canaille 

end: first noted by W. Hlttorf, a (Jerman phi.-lst.- I>en- 

Kenlls of the nilx family (Linares), consisting s, 

m. bactertl11 actlon and l^uclng rise of bodily f^J .HM n^ ^ MUl^ra,,,,} Several inches 
pai-ro-cris-ta,-in, a. Geol. high, with minute white flowers; and calied a.l.eed. 
- See 


Pyr''o-la'ce-e, piro-le'sg-t or -la'ce-e, Bot. An ","f, s ,,''m ir Chem A recentlv discovered ray of thc "nborder Kiircitru, embracing the families /Vis- 

order of low Derennial herbs the'ovrola or wintenrreen ra d| -" ln \ re di-um, n. C/iem. A recently discovered u sawfishes, KMnobniMir or (uitur-llslies, Raildx or 

S^^ln*hahfrnib77raSS substance having specially great radio-active power. [< skates, an<l NarrobnH.He. or electric rays.-wliip=miled 

n the heath family (jy icacf.e }, L ra ,, ius ray .] rny Knv hatoidean fish of the suborder Jfastinira. 

and embracing the genera Pyrola, (!h,,,m/>htla. and Rn f. n ,,// Hi '. n / ce . H ,, raf.flfsi-e'se-t or -g-ce-e, n. pi. Bot. r av'-orlilt" rf-'-nrinf n Same as SKIAGRAPH* 
Uormes, all belonging to the cooler parts of the northern same as CYTINACE!K. Compare-RAFFLESlA. [,,'.. ,V,'J/.u-n rnvn mBf'skin M inernl A 

hemisphere. See CHIMAPHILA and PYROLA. -rnf-fle"si-a'ceou. o -raf-flc'Bi-ad, n. zo .".- . * ov ? ^ f"- f 

pyr"o-la'ceous, a. raft'=Hpi"dev, n. See under SPIDER'. greenish clay-like mineral that is nearly related to mont- 

py-rox'am, pal-rx'am, n. Chem. Same as XYLOIDIK. ra'arcr, re'Jer, . [Austral.] A pugnacious cow or bullock, morillomte. [< John Jlti:<,iimors/iin.\ 

pyrrh-ar'Men-lte nir flr'sen ait n Mineral A va- raar'=flnh", n. An icosteld. re-ac'tlonsrlm", . Petrol. An altered border of cer- 

riety of berzeliite in which the arsenic is partially substi- ra *'P,!!; k " e , r ?.' , di .V e v,"r nn^ "ilKu'lIiiS'''^^ in tain WyfSP 8 P rain8 - as "MOTatte and diallage in gab- 
tiiti hi ui rv m,,-*t,na vl if n- i uh . rprl -U ANTHRAX, 1 (2). a. Tever, cough, and In adacne seen in Dro8 all( i other igneous rocks, due to a reaction between 

tutea Dy antimony. [< lir. nyrrnos, yelloisn-rea, -[- rag.sorters, perhaps due to bacteria in the dust. ../, th _ o,,*;,,,,,,,,^,,,. fi,i u , Thi, li-,n. ,.,.,,,.,, 

ARSENITE.] rnit'-timc", rag'-taim' n [Colloq , U. S I Syncopated them and the surroumling tedtpar. Inus diallage may 

pyrrh'He, pir'ait. n. Mineral. A vitreous orange- time In dance.muslc; especially, the characteristic synco- have a reaction-nm of hornblende. 
yellow complex silicate that contains colnmbium and patlon of negro melodies. re-act'lve cur'rent. Elec. In an alternating circuit, 

titanium, and is closely related to microlite. [<Gr. rag'weed=fe"ver, n. Hay-fever: so called because a current flowing at right angles to the direction of the 
purrho* yellowish-red or fire-like ] attributed by some persons to the pollen of the ragweed electromotive force of the generator. Called also wait- 

Pyth'ic, pfth'lc, a. Pythian. (Ambrosia, artemisisefolia). lew current. 

uu - out; ell; lu = fetid, J(l = future; c=k; church: dh = the; go, sine, ink; o; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dune. <, from; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
&T Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


2172 ring 

ream'er, n. [Additional sense.] A tool or machine religious ablutions. rliiiiii'i'lio, ram'fes, n. Zoo/. A curved beak, as of 

used in turning over the edges of the paper shell of car- jn,t behind I the follow h , .mall ir."">l ". tont., -ho crry t r , ( r/iam,,ho, crooked beak of birds.] 

tribes to keep the wad in place .Cal e>! also crimper. ** s [h*,?> 'f^ n Ts,'ord E (ke aSaS , cffu "P. S3. rlm-Dhid>i-an. n. SE Same as RApniniAN. 

ri'"<--plt"u-la'IIoil, n. [Additional sense.] Entbryot. ,, ^ i , hui>li"i-ilit'<-r-oii, a. Dot. Same as RAPHIDIFEROUS 

The supposed process in which any embryo reproduces ' ; , con >t c t Elec The point of contact in a relay -rhea, ) mffixe*. A termination denoting a flowing, 
many of the progressive type-forms of the organisms ro |f } o ,""t'f to make or break the circuit of a local -rhoea, I commonly used in pathology to denote an aB- 
that precede it in the line of development: a theory flret "" ' -rrhea, f normal or excessive flow; as, dianVwa. [< 

advocated by Karl von Baer (1792-18T8). re'llef n [Additional sense 1 Cartography. The com- -rrlicea, ) Gr. rheo, flow.] 

re"ca-plt"u-la'llon-lt, rf-ca-piryu-le'shtm-ist, n. r *'n*l futures of "a gwmphical or topographical chart rhe'o-nonio, rt'o-nom or re'o-nom n. Phyinol. A 
A belieVer in the biological doctrine of recapitulation. represent the relit ve e levations of the surface, species of rheostat designed to show that nerve-stimula- 

re-oep'tor, re-sep'ter. . A hypothetical substance X^JfL^P 'ORAPHY tton is due to the rate o? variations in the intensity 1 !i; i 

that b found in ceHs and unites with the intermediary or p ,I,i^Vi ' -man'' " ' rColloq Austral.] A new settler electrogalvanic current rather than to the intensity of tilt- 
immune bodies: a term used in Ehrlich's side-chain the- W bo lives In Idleness, supported by an allowance from current itself in its action upon the nerve. [<RHEO--r 
ory of immunity. See IMMUNE BODY*. home. Gr. nemos, law.] 

re^'clame'. re'clgm', n. [F.J Advertisement. rem'nant-al, rem'nont-al, a. Remaining as a rem- rhe"o-tac'tlc, ri'o-tac'tic, a. Pfiysiot. Of, pertaining 

re-con"cen-tra'do, re-cen'sen-[or(8p.)-then-]trfl'dO, nant of former masses. to, or invested with rheotaxis. 

n. [Sp.] In Cuba, during and before the Spanish- rr"iiin-ta'ilo. re'men-ta'do, n. [Philippine!.] A native r i, e " o .tax'ls, ri'o-tax'is, n. RM. The phenomenon 
American war, a dweller in the country who was forced who lives In the woods to avoid taxes and .official oppression. dig p] ayc( j by certain organisms that develop or move 

because the authorities had previously ordered the con- S, a j,,V,,ance' i ttce . Lace of linen thread character- Rhex'l-a, rex'i-a, n. [L.] Sot. A genus of low pcren- 
ceutration of the country population within wider limits ^cd by twisted, connecting bars, spider-wheels, and other nialherbsof themelastomadfamily(.lW/owirtcf>, with 
around the towns. flat stitches, lighter and less rich than Battenberg. opposite, entire, or bristly-edged leaves, and terminal, 

re-con'oeu-trate, re-cen'sen-tret, vt. To concentrate Ren"e-al'ml-a, ren'e-al'mi-a, n. Sot. A genus of 80 ntary or cymose, usually purplish flowers with four 
again: specifically, to treat as reconcentrados. See RE- tropical herbs of the ginger family (Zlnylberaceae), with oblique petals. The 10 known species belong to INI-I. ni 
CONCENTRADO*. re"con-cen-tra'Hon, . creeping rootstocks, two-ranked leaves, and clustered, x or th America, 9 In eastern and southern United States 

re"ore'cence, rl'cres'ens, n. Regrowth, as of lost usually white flowers. Of about 15 species, all are in low or wet ground. See MKADOW.BKAUTV and DEER, 
parts of many of the lower animals, as of the broken American, except one of West Africa: used also as a syno- GRASS. 

nym for various generic. names,, as TlHanMa^fllar^a, rho'dal-lte, roMol-ait^^tHeraf A Boapy_ reddish 

arm of a starSsh. [< BB- + L. cnico, grow.] 

NIN* + -OEN.] tn eenus Jihodorhiza, or, as some regard it, the genus 

. me ujBw;r-t;Bw;iiGi. a- i iic Bwouiy-.itinj /,!,,. .,.,.*- re-pa'ten-cy, re-petn-8i, n. Jrea. The act or state < Conroli*ulus 

thm n-nAAum.'^MTtoH*^^MnA, nToner."? opened after closllre - t< m ~ + L ' ^ <<;0 ' to rbodo-, auMning fpim. [Additional terms.]- rho'do- 

old nsh ( 
^""Th^anVeVd^edVarrirrBrhTapVrrot.-ftsh rep'ta-ry, rep-ta-n, a. tool. Aaapteu ior; pl 

"toHVfVhe Vv"tln""S ,Ji e P? n ,;L B . m lie, n. Jlinerul^A . lustrou. rose.coloredjr.rnel .that to 

JSC^SE^BEmBit^beK-vr**. --.*, 

repent. Rlio"do-rhi'zn. n. Bat. A small genus of shrubs of 


as R . , . , . .. on pcay n maers o conscence, as n e . 

D.I Same MROODEBOK. of the Friends to bear arms. -i. Elec. Same as OHMIC RE- rib'bon-rock", n. Mining. Vein -quartz or some 

red",aiid=black'. . Same as RofoE.ET-.voiR. SISTAXCE. other form of vein-rock. 

red'liist-lon-He, red'mg : ten-Qit, . Mineral. A silky reM ' o -iiant, a. [Additional sense.] Elec. Possessing Rtc"ri-n/les, rlc'si-e'ltz or -g'les, n. pi. Sol. Same 
purplish hydrated chromium sulfate. containing also electric resonance: adjusted, as a circuit, so as to respond RICCIACE^. ....,,, 

aluminum, iron, magnesium, and nickel (iC'r.Al)n(te.Mg. t/i plertrir waves of a trivpn lentrth rice 1 , n. [Additional compounds, etc.] rice'Mra , 

NiKS(),),.21H J ()),tHatoccursinfibrousma88e8. [<Jted- "'' ..iv/rlii I o -M 'rin rtn n Chem A col- [Additional sense.] CHawafl.] A frlngflllne bird (Carp 

banking ' C1n 

A , 1 usepng g ssancroeyr 

pyretic. [< re*o- in RESORCIN + -pyrin in ANTIPYRIN.] ;raa, sameascur-oRASs. See under CUT, r. r..grub, 


,_ . . ... pyrec. < re*o- - . , . 

red'on-Ite, red'en-ait, n. Mineral. A yellow sh-white r ^; sorp /ti O n, TJ. [Additional sense.] Petrol. A par- n. The grub of a scarabeeld beetle ( CAuteptw 

hvdrated aluminum and ron phosphate that is classed , f ., . ^ i 'j" v which Infests rice. 

With the guano minerals. f lal r ff U81I1 K of phenocrysts in a porphyritic rock, fol- K lch"ard-so'iil-a, rich'ard-sO'ni-a, n. Sol. A small 

re.du',n. Organic Chem. A leucomain '"^^JS^hS^"??^^ 1 ! border of genus of tropical American, usually trailing herbs of the 

<.C lt a,.y.(].) obtained from nrochrome and found in ^ on ^Tn?ine"s" ?i?nmnding ^'an original crystTcon P"lder family (BvUacae), with woody roots, opposite 

small quantities in urine. [< REnt'CE.] stltuent of a rock produced by partial resorptlon and re- leaves, and small white or pink flowers in dense hearts. 

re-du'elng*bod"jr,7!. Achcmical bodv that deoxidizes crystallization. Of the half dozen species, the principal are R. tcabra, the 

or reducesfinthe newer chemistry, an electrical agentin re-plr'a-to-ry plg'ment. Phymol. A pigment in ^^^R.^^.S.y^^S'^SS^iiS-^S^Sa'lSAeti 

which there is a tendency to form new positive ion- the blood that aids its oxygenating function. m^to^d^^wfttSteSSS 

charges, or to cause negative charges already present to Ke"li-o-nn'ce-ie, res'tl-o-nf'se-! or -ng'ce-e, Bot. ari ] aii-kardsnii English botanist ] 

disappear. SanieasREsTiACK^.-res"ti-o-ua'ceoiii, a rleh'moiid-He, rich'mend-ait, n. Mineral. A metal- 

reed'Mlght". n ;Southern C. S.) An open space of reeds Kefa-nll'la, ret a-ml'a. n. Hot. A small genus of u c .black lead, copper, and antimony sulfld that is found 
or^anes occurring In a_ forest ; & cane-brake. Chilean and Peruvian shrubs of the bucktho 

.. . i-sii 

rleh'moiid-He, rich'mend-ait, n. Mineral. 
ll genus of u c .black lead, copper, and antimony sulfld tha 
orn family massive I < Jtirliinoiiil Hill New Zealand.] 

:~ ; ~J -- * " * " \sicu/Hftitiutrititl citujnKi, me Miiancr-i ui i^c*v x.i-,lail. 

a retrograde motion of some of them. [< L. rtfra>.ntv)i normally acquired. Collerf aln in Wnnri tiiinnnnHmii 2 The rifle-hird 

curbing. < re-, back, +frenum, bit.] re-tro'i-tivle. re-tro'l-tlv, a. [Bare.] Returning from _Sfct FA, 1,1 Hnnal S v ' F r * rlJhl ^i,/ 

rc.fre.'co,re.f;e.'cr,. n fSp.Am.] That which refreshes; """' to ln '"" al 1 'J ec - 1 ;"V^- K "^ , , rl ?mc as E t I"^ P ] ~ (Ftnancr), 

refection; panlcularly, a refreshing beverage. Re"lro-i>lll'ml-da5,rftr,)-pirrini-(ilor-de. n. pi. Zool. R |'im/in nil ii rf m'l nnrt^r rfi Afr n l A Transvaaler 

^SSSS+Z [Additional sense. 1 S^rSame as BASE- A deep-sea family of grapsoidean crabs with tne hind- |^^i^^|tt4laUh^Mll^S5 

I fVfl lllOHt If'ft* HrwT hill v mrwlififfl HM Hnrt*il v Annr(vimatA<l r<*r I tl *l H ii, i i K> uuj; /' 1 lit- O tuitn iiuiiuiiut it giriaiuic, 

ree'o E . L il,U, rero-lith. n. CM. The mass of uncon- m^S^^^SS&^S^l^ comprising two houses elected by popular franchise, 
solidated earthy material which overlies the solid rocks, [ < L. retro, back, + nltima, feather.f J, Sw - < "*> kingdom, + dag, day. J 

considered as a whole, whatever its origin or its physical re"tro-i>lu'iiil<l, a & n H'ml-form, rai'mi-fSrm, a. Rime-ehaped; resembling 

or chemical nature, or whether it is residual or trans- re-turn', . [Additional sense.] Elec. Awireorcon- a flps " r ? or chink - See RIME 3 , n. [<"'.".+ 
ported. [< Gr. rhlgot, cover, 4- lithos, stone.] ductor through wh ch a current returns to its starting -FOKM.J 

re-KPa-da'tlon.rfgra-de'shqn.n. Gtol. Theproces. point. ng ri'mii, rfmn, n. [Maori.] A New Zealand tree (Dacru^um 

of forming a new gradation-level of equilibrium in a re-ver'l-ble heat. BUc. In a mixed electric circuit, -.."'f.^'rin con'",! VIVE'S ^rVsl, Am I PS 1 A 
land-surface by streams when an old one has become that part of the heat that is apparent in local differences rl ^S- a * ' rec ?ss; a 'rftired' ?or; tlota; ^ 

of temperature, and that can be regained as electrical clflcally, a recess, groove, or natural depression In a cliff or 
r ^i ,,[',' ' "' ! '. en) P |re r kingdom; specifically, energy: opposed to irrererriole heat*. rock or other physical feature of the land. 

,,,"'' , re , rey. re. n. [REY'ES.PI.] [Sp.l A king. riim'.,,. [Additional phrases, etc.] Bishop's ring, a 

A province directly rhaeh"l-Klox'>iate, a. & u. Same as RACHIOLOSSATI. reddish ring about the sun, probably due to diffraction bj 

ofa, firm, gsk; at, fare, accord; element, r = over, eight, g = usoge; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, no; net, nr, atm; full, rule; but, burn; aisle; 
tf Crore-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk. the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


1. 32=inch sparks (A, B) produced by Inductioircoil (see a, b, Fig. 3) in operation. 

2. Self=regulating X=ray tube: (A) aluminum cathode plate; (B) platinum anode plate, from center of which start the 

X=rays; (C) regulating bulb for keeping vacuum constant in tube ; (D) spark passing in process of regulation. 

3. (A) !nduction=coil ; (B) Independent Circuit'breaker. 


4. Normal living hand. 

5. Webbed fingers, showing : (A) phalanx wanting ; (B) phalanx partially developed ; (C) osseous union of fingertips. 

6. Bullets embedded in mans thigh : (A) small bullet ; (B) targe bullet. 

7. Man's leg, below knee, showing : (A) exostosis from tibia. 


8. Man's wrist with clothing, showing : (A) bone; (B) muscle; (C) fat; (D) undervest ; (E) shirt-sleeve- (F) cuff 
and button; (G) lining of coat-sleeve ; (H) cloth of coat=sleeve. 9. Foot in shoe showing bones and flesh' and (A} 
hooks and eyes for lacing ; (B) nails in heel. 10. Elbow and forearm, showing: (A) dislocated head of radius- (B) 
fracture of ulna. (See Fig. 12.) 11. Normal living arm (Posterior view). 12. Same as Fig. 10 rotated through a 
right angle. (B) Fragment of bone. 





f (lndistin( : tne f <? ue to varying thickness and variable penetrability to the rays ) 14 Black 

ringed perch 2173 


Mho'nol (Vulgar). 

ro aio de la 1'inta iw;, i cryeiamzes in me tnciiinc svste I ^ A' tSGSjT*!* 1 re8 '.'fi r - ait > Mineral. A vitreous white 
,, lu i' 9 n-ait, . J/ira*. A variety of tennant- Moemer, of Clausthal.] ' uffiS'i^'S^RS a at " UIMgAsO 4 .7H.,O), that 

SSdtSfer C PPer 1S Partitt " y reP ' acJby biBmUth "IliSf " P to ' t -~. rtnt'gsn. Same as ,. roV^a.^reSl'r^. A dye obtained from a 
=" -- - ~ - - ~ - - - small East-Indian tree (RotUera tinctoria or Uallolus 

< Dr. Roltler, Danish miseionary.l 
lull 1 ,//. [Additional sense. I Sami 

; (3) very long ether-waves; (4) 
ihort (ultra-violet) light- waves. 

dasybatold flsh of the genus Urolopkvi. r. 

these the fountain of all religious truth and knowledge. 

by a complete- r ""- LAQQI lonai pnrase, etc.J-roll'=up", n. J 
highest possible fcmblage of persons; a gathering.- to r. n p [ Colloq., 
iple tributaries, ,!' to come together into one place; convene. 

ness of land-dissection which produces th 

Aus- route'. march", n. Mil. A march in route-step 
ro-vet'to, ro-vet'o, n. The oilfieh. 

landscape-relief; by deep channels and amp 

ron'del-lie'r', ren : del-'ltr'. . [OF.] Formerly alight- zaWl alkaloid (CjH <3 NO.,) found in the European white 
rlv'er-Iet, riv'gr-let, n. A small river; streamlet; rivulet armed Infantryman whose armor included a rondelle See hellebore ( veratrum album) and the American white 
rlv'ot-lte, riv'et-oJt, n. Mineral. A green hydrated .. " D ^. LLK ,, ( 1 ) ' 'on".lel-ier't. hellebore (V. viride), obtained by precipitating the til- 
copper ancl silver carbo-antimonate that is found amor- ro r =S ar /'den, ruf'-gflr-dn, n. A garden on the roof trate ! from jervm sulfate with sodium hydroiid. It is 

?' 8 i*' 1 " 1 8P cial implementB onVcarefully'made court; lar g. showy, varionsiy" colored flowers 
i !?" flc 9 u ?. t . tered in the, axils, or In terminal clust 

, . *ii*.- r.^im, // ( )nt' of ~..~-...,,- e . ..^u v ^ t <im j rmn*^!// (t -// t >. vmieu HI MI KC I'll i> j " ' D i ~" " "" r ' ~" o - "", v^- 

three serranold fishes or sea.basses: (\) Xpinephelim ad- vine. rose'.ap"ple, n. [Additional sense.] [Austral] Proceeds to go for some charitable object. 2. A sale of 

11-1 -nmmvi of the southcra Atlantic. (2) Bmliannx fulDun i' le sweet plum (Owrnta venosa or cerunifera) . r. unclaimed articles, or a clearing-ont sale prior to a re- 

r of the West Indies. (3) Pelrometopon crutntatns neneale (Chem.'i, a compound of which fluoresceln Is plenishment of stock. 

HV|fn-n^ltlItIllH- WHIITS 1)1 'II l : ' I'll I'I'll r 'I Tlini'l'IKIld nf fV Vi t 11 /I , '."'/'tci T ITnli-VJ njvno uli,, lu mule UIIUCT Ul 1,. rOO'SHsOll 'I. 

fish (Sebmtmm rul, fr or S. rui ">/'?> of a ,rliht"r 'd u-aves in Tr/JuTi S 'wh I H ""i"?,** 1 ' ""H ol ;, lon 8 fl to llne f ru h 2 ' -.r Additional sense.] [Austral.] An area containing 

color found In the Callfornlan waters - uotrl roi-U H Irregular whorls of three, and yellow flowers In gold, and hence causing miners to rush for It 

I, -I. n ,.i..i , i. .... _"IWIM U IMM K (Il'IISf COrVlllhuse rSfpmcs- ft fnvnrttc In (rrnonhmiao onlttfra. M>..<,/ * JtLn--- "".. 

dense corymbose racemes: a favorite In gr 

= fnt re : = k; church; dh = <Ae; go, sing, i w k; M; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,^h)m,- t, oi.ofcte,- 1, ra rian< 

' = urc; = e; go, sng, w ; M; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,^h)m,- t, oi.ofcte,- 1, ra 

erences to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

sabatka 2174 Scablosa 

Slocked Atlantic salmon of Sebago Lake.-tyu ., tbe Hinall m. (fbrtttru\ any tree from 3 to 10 feet In height. 
,i nn at sap"o-dll'la, a. [Additional phrases.] wild sanodil- 

saV'nio-ue'te, sal'mo-ne'te, n. [Sp. Am.] A goatnsh ( Upe- la, the dllly ( Jfimtuopa flitbfrt). Called aleo wild dill v. 

a-bat'ka, ea-bat'ka, n. A lancet-fish (Altplsaurut set- neus mnculattu). sap'rln, sap'rin, n. Organic V hem. A non-poisonous 

culavius) of the Pacific coast from Alaska to California, sal'o-pheii, sal'o-fen, it. Chan. A white crystalline ptomain (C' 6 Hi 4 N s ) formed in the decomposition of 
sa'he a'be rl 4 rt fSp.] Know: used In colloquial Eng- compound (C,fH,,NOj) obtained by the reduction and fiver, etc. [< lir. sapros, rotten.] 
Uibapeech In the 8outhwetrn United States, the Philip- acetification of salicylic para-nitro-phenol, and used in Sap"ro-Ie!;"lil-a'le, sap'ro-leg'ni-e'llz or -a'les, n. 
pine Islands, etc. medicine as an antirheumatic and antineuralgic. Called pi g o i A croup, mainly of water-molds, equivalent to 

'- '- oid fish the > 

cing two families, the yeast family (Saccharomycetacex) n embraces 18 genera, of which Salpiglo&sti Is the typical grebe. Har"a-iim'yot. 
and one other (Endomycetacfse). See SACCHAROMYCK- genus. See SALPIGLOSSIS'. Sar"a-to'Ka, sar'a -to'ga, a. ru. S.] 1. Designating a 

TAC'C.K f< Or lakkharon, sugar, + mykt, mushroom.] Sal-pl-ifloii'iils, cal-pi-glos'is, n. Sot. Asmallgenus large variety of trunk, a. Designating mineral-spring 
sack> ft [Hudson Bay etc.l To lighten (a bateau) over of gamopetalous downy herbs of the order Solanaeese, water of many varieties. 

"hoai-ra'plds b) "lifting at the side.. hanng entire, pinnatind, or sinuate-dentate leaves, and Ba'ra-wak-He, sa'ra-wak-ait, u. Mineral,. A soft 

a-cral'jjt-a, se-cral'ji-a, n. Pathat. A painful affec- few large, handsome, long-stalked flowers. S. sinuata, yenow^antimony oxychlond^that occurs in m 

. lulsh'green hydrated copper and iron snlfate ((CnFe) Har-<llii<'". n. [Additional plirase.] sc 

sa'ver. sc'Jer, n. [Local. U. ] A farmer or countp man goZTlCo), that crystallizes in the monoclinic Bystern. any herring of the genus SarMnMn. 

' " tSl states Sam"a-dc'ra, sara-Q-di'ra or -de'ra, n. Bot. A small ar-dln'1-aii-lte, sor-din'i-an-ait, n. Mineral. A va- 



, . . 

?,, !' i ""^."''fr M e southern l" tSl states ] Sam"a-dc'ra, sara-Q-di'ra or -de'ra, n. Bot. A small ar-dln'1-aii-lte, sor-din'i-an-ait, n. Mineral. A va- 

EFStfvr iT^Ar J A n""gloul attendant to tVe Mahdl. genus of trees of the quassia family (Simarubacex), with riety of anglesite (PbSO,), that crystallizes in the mono- 
int' a [Additional phrases.] Saint Barnabaa 1 Day, entire leaves and axillary umbels of large, pinkish flowers, clinic system [< .Sardinia, island.] 
une 11 In cek-Oration of St. Barnabas the Apostle, who They are natives of tropical Asia and Madagascar. .<. /rcrffca sar-gas'sosttsll", n. An antennarnd fish (Pterojiliryne 

.u^^ .. _-, ^-7-- -r ,-.-nt paraphrase of the Samaritan Pentateuch. any garb in which a corpse , D u, t t u ...,,. 

James's Day. (II July 25, In celebration of bt. James gan 8an ^ [Sp.] saint: used very frequently In place 8 ar*ineii-lil v er-ous, sfir'nien-tifcr-ns, a. Same as SAR- 

the Apostle, one of the sons of Zebedee and elder brother names, as &m Antonio. Sin Jose.-san"=pe-dri'lo, san'. JQQITOM 

of the Evangelist John, (i) See r-T PHILIP and s pe-drt'to, n. [Porto Rico.] 1. A tody. 2. The medloncso. gar '> ra _ e c'nl-al, sar'a-st'ni-al, a. Including or indi- 

JAMES'S DAY'.-gt. John's evil, epilepsy. St. John Jj. The papagayo. San Pedro flsh, a lampndold fish "* tj *" , mtclu-r-nlimt familK iarrnrrniareir) and allied 

the Baptist's Day. June 24, also known as Mid- (Lamprvi maiatus or Juna), the opah. 

Day, In celebration of John the Baptist, "won- sand /,,. fAdditional compounds, etc.] - sandMmr", n. _ r kindred families [< Dr. t,u, I : ,U,H. of Quebec 1 

rn and sent to prepare the way of thy Son, our Sa- t Add u ^ Mnge-) The hedgchog.gnjss. See under HEDGB- Sar"ra-ce"nt-a'les, ear a-si ni-e'liz or -ecu i-u li>s ;,. 

,Johnthi-Evanifelist's,lJay,December27 Boo .,, H i so CKNCHRI s'.-s..cone, . A glacial elevated pi. Sot. A group of orders of plants- the sarracemal or 

. . ally Included In the hprace, but Is separated from t 

laoVt ol nal-aavt-nl n rhrm A crvatalline nd'berg-er-Ite, sand'b(;rg-er-ait, . Mineral. A by some botanists on account of Its three- to flve.carpeled 
' the aion o> m, variety of tennantite in which the copper is partially re- ovary. It* three or four genera and as many species are 


sal'a-ruan'da-rln. sal a-man da-rm, n. them. A ,,. (2| the H | oulth SBI1< i H hell {L.fallaciosus); (3) the Sonsisting of only two known species, the S. cemuus, 
poisonous leucomain from a species of salamander. yellow Handshell (L. anodontoide*). the lizard's-tail of eastern North America and one spe- 

*al a-man'sue, sara-man ge, n. A gigantic characi- san-dn'cha, san-du'chu.n. [Sp. Am.] SameasLADYFisH,2. ri, in *nntjTn Aain Srf T T-/ *I;H'~-T MI nnderii7ARD 
noid flsh (llydrocym gMatfi)ol the Kongo river, having Hand'} , a. [Additional phrases.]- sandy blight [Aus- r 1 ! 8 ^" !^ A " a rd T , ?a1ll 
formidable teeth. tral.], Inflammation and swelling of the eyelids, making M l n;liw .$;n,. ' ?F 1 A W^st.Indlan carangold nsh 

' the ees feel as If filled with sand. Called also blih- sa " " r ' l J 

HilllMlildt z*. i iHiui., n. tu.j onim; tin BKL> > AUK, 71., ( ^o). \-j^& auu. uauvu rv , OUOOOttUM UttMU) 

iilb'line, zelbllng.n. [G.] Ich. Same as SAIBLIXG. ., p f" r ' !?'".'!,??. ",^ 5 ''?Phn1Sni^ p 1 pO A k nhI '.'' P C r a , r(1 A, sa-To'la, so-vo'lu, n. [Sp. Am.] The common halrtall 
a.lee'tah. su-li to.. >< [Anglo-Ind.l Jfii. A Eunnvbag " n A '.?>' "t" K - " [Philippines.] A Chinese merchant: ". 7> .. > ... ',,.,......, 

Kl'biiud, if 1'bant. n. [G J ] Sameas SELVAGE, n., 2 (S). Ule _ ey i'!. f ^L a , 8 .!. r .*". < ; d ^. lt t. Mnd ' -I 11 . 11 !:* a .'J J* 11 ?] 1 ?,'" "(imgo 


races c 

a'll, sfl'li, n. A thrush-like starling (Aplonii kittlitzi) wort family (//amodoraa)/with short, stout rootstocks the l'lnden^-'pea'r.sVr'"'""A e.v"ey"(Selandria'cera7i~ 

of Gnam, etc. and thick, fleshy, sword- or lance-shaped leaves. They whose larva the pear-slug, feeds on the leaves of trees, 

Sal"l-ca'les sal'i-ke'ltzor -ca'les n nl Bot A proun are known as bowstrtng_hemp from the use made of their especially of the pear-tree. See PEAR-SLUG. raspber. 

italous dk'otvledons coextensive 'with <Miraaap &her b i r the natives. Trom this quality of the fiber, all ry.s., n. A saw-fly (Selandria rnW) whose grubs defoll- 

tn txuicaceai. the , pccle , are now ln hlgh repu te with civilized nations, ate the raspbcrry-bush. See RASpBERRY-sLVG.-spruce. 

:~,, ii' ;l ,. rm. . .1 especially S. Koxburgtilana, the moorva of India, prized R., n. A saw-fly (I-ophyrus abittix) whose larvae feed on 

sal'l-cyr'age, sal'1-sil gj, n. The process of treating from the earliest times; s. irt/lnnicn, a Ceylonese species; the leaves of the spruce as well as other coniferous trees In 

food and beverages with salicylic acid to preserve them. S.Ouineensis, and S. Ai'rJ'ii from Africa; and A', longiflora, America. wheats., n. A saw-fly (Ceplms pygmxiu) 

sal"i-naph'tbol, sal'i-naf'thol, n. Chem. Same as BETOL. Introduced and cultivated in southern Florida. Nine which bores Into wheat-stalks. 

sal'l-py"rln, sal'l-paiTin n Chem A white crystal- species are known, which are all natives of the tropics, saw'qni, sB'cwuI or -cwi, n. The qulnnat. saw'kweyi. 

line compound (C, e H,,N.O.) obtained by the action of [< Prince of Sanfciero,of Naples.] San"se-vl-e'rat. saw'-wedge", . A wedge need in the cut while a 

antipyrin on salicylic acia and used in medicine as an an'tal, san'tal, a. Bot. Including or indicating the ,S'a- tree is being felled w ith the saw, to ease the run of the 

analgetic and antirheumatic. Called also snlipvrin sal. talaeea and kindred orders. [< LL. tantalum, sandal.] eaw, and to pry the tree over so that it will fall from, and 

Icylate, salazolon, and salipyrazolon. [<"L ealix San"a-la'le, san'ta-le'ltz or -la'lgs, n. pi. Hot. A not toward, the operators. 

> a mi', suni, n. itn, liru. An imperial quarter' one- <***> ii = >'. i . ^ iriui^iree i ,-iituirir:uin meucmni ... v >~ . r , J j -r ;c- C i. 

fourth of slim! of the Philippine Islands. 2. The bitter-sweet peach-llke allled to * n e saltworts, without leaves, and its thin boughs 

fnnnH f ni lt of this tree. without branches, the stem grow ing in zigzag curves to 

Da gaph'isin, Maph'ist. Same an SAPPIIISM; SAPPHIST*. the height of J5 feet or more. It is a prevailing tree on 

.- sa.pln'dal, sa-pin'dal, a. Including or indicating the the steppes of Siberia and Turkestan, and until lately was 

SapiitilacecE and kindred orders. tne _ chief source of fuel for Russian steamers on the Aral. 

orers . 

"' ' C """' ^ame as PE.KOLAXVM. 

ngn . 

.alm'let, sgm'let, n. Same a. PARR group of orders of plants the sapmdal groupor alliance BR / yttl sa'ya,n. [Philippines] A variety of woven fabric 

alm'on, n. [Additional phrases.] coho ulmon the wltl > usually compound leaves, the flowers often irregu- worn by the natives. 

klsutch. Colombia rlvrr s., the qulnnat Fraser laran d unisexual, thcovary superior, and seeds commonly Sca"bl-o'aa, ske"[or scg"]bi-0'sa, n. Bot. Agenusof 

rier s. ( the blueback. Sec under BLUE, T hayko ., without endosperm. It embraces five orders, of which the hardy annual or perennial Old World herbs of the 

sofa, arm, gsk; at, fare, accord; elfment, jr = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, | = renew; obey, no; net, ner, atom; full, rule; but, born; aisle; 
&- Cross-reference* to words in the Addenda are Indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk- the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

scad 2175 severitc 

gcad, n. [Additional compound.] mack'er-elcad", used in medicine as a diuretic. [< SCILLA -f TOXIN.] nec'ond I-Ma'iah. Same as DEUTEBO.ISAIAB. 

n. A mackerel-like carangld (Decapteriu macnrelliu). scl'o-grapll, n. Same as SKIAGRAPH*. T?* 

scale 1 , n. [Additional compounds, etc.] ap'plewale", gcl-ren'ita, si-ren'gu, . [Sp. Am.] A serranold fish (3fyc- ...;,.'v,; in'ri te n [Additional sense I Al 

n, I. The .bark-louse. See under BARKS,,,.?. ,,ru r6r) of" the rfedlterranean Sea and tropical sec re ; tarl ate, K [Additional sense.) A 1 

Same as 
. board or 

n. I, llle UVISLrr-Bllell [Hll'li = luuc. occ liuutl onnl\-, n. &, tc* Vftr.l 1.1* I lei/I WJ \JL \iu*j .1 . .. i i i . .11 1. .1 j i u,*w ...... ,.,.,...... 

TneioiirrybrMoue(C l Mo<npto/r/rMS). 3. The per- Atlantic. aggregation of secretaries. 

niclousorSan Jos<j U*i>Miti< ii?rHinn*u>.- nelali; sclgf, . Soy. Same as BAFF, n. se-cre y tln, se-crt'tm, n. Organic Ckem. A chemical 

[-TA, /)/.] Zoo(. stimuliiB to pancreatic secretion, formed in the intestines 
" "i coral. [< as the result of the action of the gastric acid, and taken 

by the blood-stream to the pancreas. 

[< se-cre"to *In-hib'I-to-ry, sg-crt'to-in-hib'i-to-ri, a. 
Physiol. Inhibiting the action of the organs of secretion. 
ora l npcale?"s'ce u nml^ cler'o-zone, scler'o-zOn, n. Anal. A sclerous zonal e-cre' / to-nio'tor, se-cri'to-mo'teT, a. Physiol. Ex- 

louse (Pulrinaria innitineritfntix) that infests maple-trees, organ, as the pelvic girdle. [< SCLERO- + ZONE.] citing action in secretory organs. 

grape-vines, etc. flat g., same as BROAD SCALE'. fluted scol"e-cl'a-8lB, scarg-sai'Q-Bis, n. PatlM. The pres- se-cu'rl-ty, n. [Additional phrase.] outside securi- 
s., a cushlon.scale. See Illus. under SCALB-IXSECT.- ma- ence O f WO rmB in the intestine. [< Gr. skdlekiasis, tieg [U.S.] (Finance), securities. 
ple.s., n. Same as COTTONY 8CALE*. r mealy 8., same worm . eate n ] ge'der, se'der, . [Heb.] The home service of the first 

" two ev cnlngs of Passover. 

[Heb.) A section or part of the Pcnta- 
...e Sabbath morning service, si'draht.^u m.,M.*. .... ..-.^.. ... " ~ "-"VL ~7~ c "" Heen' iiiiff:i*ot" n. Same as DAMPINO-OFF*. 

der;S., 11. A scale-insect (Aspldiotlltl Iterti) that lutests lerj. *i<i-'lwir The hia-pvpri hprrinc ( Firm* nnnrnx\ 

la lumnn onH nfhor trppu nl ii..-u B1/V_. .. <, o^l/i_ m no B/ A ironna nf unntml < ' r ' "K, ". l.UC Dlg-CyCO Iieirill^ I /.(/'"'") 

Tl. A scale-lnsi'ct (<Jliinn<i*pt plniJolM) wtilcn tecos !".; r.vT F I 2 Or lV/irw V-dlblV- thistle 1 

nlne-leaves. purple s., the orange-scalc. See under OYsrER-PLANT. i< or. yon/mtu. i <i shock. j 

oRvNfE 7, Suti Icm* 1 same as Ai'i'LE-sri 1 E 3*- so scor 'la-iiii'di, scnr fti-nu dl, ,,. lop. Am.) A seorpa'noia , |./||QMg a Same as SELENIOUS 

called Ve'eans,: or&lnatmg inthe Dotted states', at Bu Jose, fl?" (Helifolemu, aactylopterus) of deep waters and of wide .eip.Si^res'tlon, n. Patliol. Digestion of the stom- 
Cal.-g.,caterpillar, n. A predaceous pyralold moth < " s .'" " '" n - rAd , llt i OIlal 8cn se 1 r Austral I The for- ach-wairby its own juices. 

(Zauto focc/*Tor) that feeds on the eggs and voung scor^pi-on, . I. seir'=es-trange'meiit, n. The apparent withdrawal 

c?rt'iln^nsei't"s m wlu^ <". [Additional phrases.] Scotch rite (Free- of the mind from its own conscious processes, by which 

geurfv H saiiie us \ppiE-sr\iE '* Hpindleitree masonry), masonry as more particularly practised in Scot- it is enabled to view ite own activities as objective facts, 

s., a scale.insect (CMonatpii 'euonymi) that Infests the land, differing but In minor details from that of the Grand as if external to itself. 

spindle-tree. Lodge of England; also, the ceremonial of the order, gelf'ex-cite', vt. Elec. To excite (a dynamo's fleld- 

scal'lop<8hell" moth. A hydriomenid moth (Coto- ^<'"it>h rite{. . 7 , rt , , magnets) by induction from the residual magnetism in 

ealpe <,n,K,lata), having yellow wings, that makes its nest S "j"'f, '"'''"';, the h erl s i lc?;?/ ) caned Spaniard and the cores, 
bv fastening a bunch of leaves at the end of a twig. w"ld SSrd UaphuUa nd ,..,,.,,,_ sl ..if, IMt li, w. pi. [-CIIA, Ww.| [Heb.] Ancient 

gca>ly=fl.nHr...-P'. Same as the SQUAHIPIXNES. s co'tl-o-llte. scO'ti-o-lait, n. Mineral. A dark-green eU-glacpeulteutml poems, many of whlc were incorporated 

mid, a. 

, [Additional sense.] B . C. C k . The ran, ' ^ *" 

or office of a cardinal : from the color of the official vest- gcrew'man, . (Local, U. S.] A cottou.stevedorc who 1 he act or state of being semiprone. 
ments. Compare SCARLET HAT, under SCAKLET, a. stows compressed bales In the hold of a vessel: so called sem'l-prone", sem'i-prOn', a. Palhol. Being between 

scarf, n. [Additional sense.] [Scot.] A scrap or small lr- from the Implement used In this labor. the prone and the supine positions. [< SEMI- + PHONE.] 

regular portion of anything, as of a cloud: used In the gcrip'ee", scrip'!', n. (U. S.] A person to whom scrip, to He n'da, sC-n'do, n. [Philippines.] [Sp.] A footpath, 
plural. be satisfied by the location of land on tracts belonging to sru'ira, sen'go, n. [Samoa.] The blue-crested brush- 

Hcat 6 , 7i. Carrt'plartfny. SameassKATi. the public lands of the United States, has been Issued: tongued parrakcet (Domicellafringillacea). 

scat"o-lo / ffi-a, 8cat'6-15'jl-a, n. Same as SCATOLOGY, Introduced by the Department of the Interior. fie'lllle, a. [Additional phrases.] senile stream (Phyg. 

under SCATO-. gkat"o-lo'gl-at. RcrOE'gin, screg'In, . [Local, N. C.I The white heron. Qma.), a stream whose current has become enfeebled by 

gcat"o-loir'ic-al, a. Same as SOATOLOOIC, under SCATO-. scrub, . [Additional sense.) [Austral.] Land covered reason of an approximation of Its valley to base-level. u. 

sce'nic rail'way". A miniature pleasure-railway that car- with a dense growth of bushes or low trees, often named topography (P/iys. (ieoy.), the physical aspect or confor- 
ries passengers amid painted and built-up artificial scenery, from the predominating bush or tree; also, the growth rnatlon of land which approximates to a base-level plain. 

Scen"o-pIn'I-dse, stn'o-pin'i-dt or scen'o-pin'i-de, n. Itself; sometimes forest, as distinguished from open timber. se n-HB'tion, n. [Additional phrase.] secondary men- 
pi. Entom. A family of dipters having a prominent 8crub'=daii"i{lcr,. [Austral] A bullock living wild Mat i O n (Pxuchol.), same as SYNESTHESIA. 
<\ unta.nn. in the scrubs. etcriib'dom, n. A region^ covered with mKn r H i. t i",.,> r . Beii'si-tm'zer. n. That D( 

schud'cban shad'nan n [Heb ] Same as BCHATCHEN. scrub'svtne", n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] Same as w ith alternate, compound leaves and axillary racemes or 
Hchuii'zeH, suan'zes. n'. [S. Afr.] A breastwork of earth NATIVE ROSE*. . panicles of yellowish flowers. [< Paul Serjeant, French 

'" '-' - - 

iT 1111 II' y.CN t MUlll /,tJB, rt. L"'- -o-I-I-J i* Uicnoi, YTJI v cti uu . ,. . UMUivroD u 

and stones. scrum'=pox;", scrnm'-pex ,n. A skin-diBease associ- Dota ni8t.] 

schap'ska, shap'ska, . [Pol.] JTtf. A shako: for- ated with football, the infection of which is liable to be 8e "ro-ther'a-py, sfro-ther'a-pi, n. The treatment 
merly, the distinguishing head-gear of the Polish lancers, transmitted through the abrasions which rough jerseys of di8ease by j n j ec ting into the veins serum from immu- 

schel'lum, skel'um, n. Same as SCHELM may cause on the faces of players during scrimmages. , ^ animals. Called also serumaherapeutlcs and 

Sclll'nus, skai'nusorskt'nus, n. Bot. A genus of trees scrun'ger, scrun'jer, n. [Local, Slang.] A selfish or pe- ,._. .heranv fr SFRO -I- THERAPY 1 
or shrubs of the sumac Tamily (Anacanliacex), with nurious fellow; one who is stingy. The Sun [New York] ge "^("'"^SBm^ ?al S^OTIKOU. 
wld-pinnate leavra and small, whitish, dtecious flowers Oct 18 Wi ger'ra, n. [Additional sense.] A California lancet-fish 

in axillary or terminal panicles. Of the 12 species, cu-teFla-rln, skui-tcl a-rin, n. t/Mm. _ A yi I llrnisaurus serra) 

natives of tropical America, S. Molle, the Peruvian mastic crystalline compound (C,,,H e Oa) contained in the root y^' gcr-ru'na [Sp Am 1 1. A sclajnold nsh 

or California pepper-tree, with rose-colored drupes the size of the madweed (Scutellaria latenjlora), and used in (n,, uea nunctatUi) 'called aiso higpana. 2. Same as 
of peas, is In ornamental cultivation. medicine as a sedative or a tonic. [< ScuTELLA 3 .] GUAPENA* ger-ran't. 

[< Gr. schinos, mastic-tree.] Scu'tl-a, skiQ'shi-a or sctt'ti-a, n. Bot. A small genus ger-rat'i-form, ser-rat'1-fsrm, a. Serrate. 

chl"to-cys'tl, skis'to-sis'tis, n. Pathol. Congen- o f shrubs of the buckthorn family (Rhamnacese), natives serv'lce 1 , n. [Additional phrase.] active service, 
ital fission of the urinary bladder. [< Gr. schislOf, clo- o f Asia, Africa, and tropical America. The leaves of /S'. military and naval duty: (1) In garrison or at sea In time 
Ten, + kystis, bladder.] Indica yield an ointment, and the fine-grained^ strong wood of peace. (2) Before an enemy in the field In time of war. 

chl"to-cy-to'ls, skis'to-sai-to'sis, n. Physiol. of S. Capenxis, the katdoorn of the Cape of Good Hope, Is ser"vo>mo'tor, ser'vo-mo't^r, n. In large engines, 
The process of segmentation in a blood-corpuscle. [< used by turners. [< L. scutum, shield. | an auxiliary motor to actuate the heavy reversing gear. 

QT._KhMo,, cloven, + tylo,, hollow vessel.! . ' ea, . [Additional compounds . - (1 ^'l r , a S p "',"; _ [<L. 8e ra, servant, + MOTOR.] 

. , , , . , J , . 

chU'to-scope, skis'to-scop, n. A polariscope for A* 1 , 1 ""?;' S e ^ u .. ^ n ^Sm r ^S &l^i^ m '*- mum ' ^' a ' m ' m ' n - Bot ' A genus of annual 
the formation of complementary colors. T< Gr. schist^ ^, v t ^!A a ^^i^^,'^^^^ " crtB f pedaliad family (Kdaliacex, .with a Hernate 

. . , v a , 

cloven, + sleoped, see.] appenuages -gea=drum, n. The common drumflah, a or opposite leaves, solitary, axillary, yellow or pinkish 

chlz"o-trlch'l-a, skiz'o-trik'i-a, n. Pathol. Aeon- scfenoid fish of the genus PofOniai.ftSB.' flume, n. flowers, and a two-celled, capsular fruit, containing many 

school'twhale", n. 1. Any whale which associates seb , hh ^ i _ [N. Afr.l Same as SEBKA. dispose . . u , uu . ^ .-. 

with its fellows in a school. 2. Any individual whale se b'o-litll, seb'o-lith, n. Pathol. A lumpy formation ges'tert, n. A unit of capacity, sex'tert. 

of a school. or obstruction in a sebaceous gland. [< L. sebum, tal- set'tle-ment, n. [Additional sense.] Agronpofedu- 

schung'lte, shung'ait, . Mineral. An amorphous low, + Gr. Ww, stone.] cated persons living together in the crowded districts of 

form of carbon that is nearly related to graphite. Sec"a-mo'ne, sec'ci-mo'ne. or -ne, n. Sot. A genus of a i ar g t . c itv to work for the social betterment of those 

Schwarz'l-an, shwSrtz'i-an or (G.) shvflrts'l-an, a. shrubs or undershrubs of the milkweed family (Asclepia- around them. As designating the source of the patron- 
Of or pertaining to Prof. Hermann Amandus Schwarz, a dacese), with small, opposite, often pinnate leaves and with a ge of such groups, they are called college settlements, 
German mathematician. Schwarztan derivative, the flowers in cymes springing from between the petioles, social settlements, university settlements, etc. 
left-hand member of a differential equation of the third About 25 species are known, natives of the Old World trop- -, 'il er i [Additional compounds 1 et'tler'8= 
order, that determines the quotient of any two linear differ- lcal regions, South Africa, and Australia. clock", n [ \ustral I Same as CLOCKHIKD'.- gettler'g* 

entlal equations of the second order written by Cayley g ec 'ond-ar"y per"son-al'i-ty. Psychol. Change, usu- SiiStoB, 11 [Austral.] Long, dry strips of bark hanging 
1 x t ally temporary, of character or memory, resulting as from from ,. lluB iypt8 and other trees, which serve for torches and 

' i' . shock, disease, or other cause, and producing a teeming k | ml iing.-Hettler's=twine,n. ANew .south Wnlesgrass- 

scIF'H-pIc'rln, siri-pic'rin, n. Cnem. A yellowish- change of personality from the primary personality u ke p] !lnt , (jymnnxiachyxttnrept) of the arum family (Am- 
white amorphous compound contained as a bitter prin- (one's actual self). . ceve), used by fanners as twine. It is the only species of 

ciple in the bulb of the squill (Urginea maritlma), and ec"ond=flrst', a. Eccl. Pertaining to or denoting the genus, and is called also traTeler'siarraBS. 
used in medicine as a diuretic. [ < SCILLA + Gr. pikros, " the second Sabbath after the first" (Lnke vi, 1) that s c"u', se'iT, n. [Samoa.] The fan-tailed flycatcher (RMpt- 
bitter ] is, the second from the commencement of the Passover, dura nebulom). 

.fll"Il-tox'in silM-tex'in, n. Chem. A white or ec'ond=foot", n. In hydrography, the unit of meas- gev'er-ltc, sev'er-ait, n. Mineral. A hydrated alumi- 
light-yellowish amorphous compound contained as a glu- urement of flowing water namely, one cubic foot per num silicate that is probably an alteration product, ana 
cosid in the bulb of the squill (Urginea maritima), and second. foot''ec"onclt. is closely allied to montmonllomte. 

an = out; ell; 10 = feud, |fl = future; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ijifc; so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dflne. <, from; t, obsoleU; t, variant. 
&B- Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

ewan 2176 *nag 

e'wan. si'wan. n. [Am. Ind.] Same as SEA WAX. ghoot'lilg, n. [Additional sense.] Blasting. Com- sls-ersk'lte, sis-ersk'ait, n. Mineral. A metallic 

Sbn'bu-oth, shfi'bu-eth, n. pi. [Heb.] Literally, The pare SHOOT, r , T grayish-white native alloy of indium and osmium, fre- 

w.-ek..: BnJewMl festival of Pentecost. Called also g fc ort iu'ter-pnt. Finani-e. A total of short sales: said of quently found with other metals of the platinum group. 

team ol Week*. Mhe'vu-o*: i\ulgar|. stocks, general or particular opposed to long interenl'. gis'si-ly, sis'i-fal, ti(. |-riKD; -FY'IKG.J [CoIloq.J To cause 

bad, n. [Additional phrase.] Alabama shad, a ho'Iloil-Ue, sho'shon -ait, n. Petrol. One of the to become effeminate. 

shad (Alitna iitiitanut) of the Alabama river and tiulf of group of porphyritic igneous rocks whose phenocrysts Sl-sj m'brl-um, si.sim'bri-um or sl-gim'brt-uni. n. 
, i i,i.H,i..,.oi ., i Th r ,,,::i i...rri,,,, s may be of labrodurite, olivine, and augite, in a glassy Hot. A genus of usually tall, elect, annual or biennial 

umie? BoVND ,? The round herring. . . ^^^^Sa^S^m. [< Shothout, Idaho.] herbs of the mustard family (Vrucifti-y), with simple 

hn-uroon'. sua-grnn', n. A settler of the New Zealand hot'>niet"al l n. All alloy of lead and arsenic in the leaves, usually yellow or white flowers, and long, slender, 

province of Canterbury who came from some other country proportion of 49 to 1, used in making small shot. many-seeded pods. Of about 50 species, widely distriu- 

than England (the English settlers being distinguished as shoul'derHap"pet, n. Enlom. A tegula. Hhoul'der: uted, 10 or more are American. S. titlk-imilr Is the hedge. 

mustard. See under HEDGE. [< Gr. rixttiiitirinn. plant.) 


bai'lel, sbul tel, . [Heh.l A wig or oth 
the hair, worn by Jewish married women. 

lr<i/ij. rock between broad valleys of softer rock on each side nacen). little ., same as TOBACCO-BOX, 2 (1). 

nuaii'da-ra-dan", shan'da-ru-dQn', n. [Ir.] Same as of the ridge. 8knt"o-loK'ic, Mka-tol'o-iry. Same as SCATOLOOIC, etc. 

SHANDRYDAN .| c , (,j c 'em, inter). Same as STUBBOY*. skl'a-grapll, skai'lw skT]a-grgf, n. A permanent 

xhnn'Kii. Khau'ga, ri. [Porto Rico.) Zool. A gryllld Insect H ic'ca-tif, slc'u-tif, n. Same as VARNOLETTE*. shadow-picture produced by Roentgen ravs nassmir 

.Griltof,tip,i bzododyia) that Infests tbe tobacco-plant, B id'dur, sld'ur, n [Heb.] A . . through the object and falling upon I sensitive phofe? 

ah^ffi^rrrWr.,.] To shoot a sllng- ^S^^rf'ffi "' " "' I**"* * "^ F*^ " lm ' S 5 " 4 ' * * SnS ' at . 1a SV '" "" 

-I,,,, <y< composea fluoroscope. Compare FLUOROSCOPE* and KOESTUEN 

hanK"hai'. . [Austral.] Same as SLIXO.SHOT'. Idero-, combining Jorm. [Additional terms.] aid'- Riys*. Called also cathode photograph, calhodo- 

..hHiiii"hai',liot", it. lAutral.J A distance traversable er-o-dot, . Mineral. A variety of sidiTite contain- g rBv h ray=prim, Roent^rn pb(.lo K ram or Roentgen 

rt^ffSS%V'feTS*0 Acharr(^e U . n ,,- K^S "2 bTacKaSe g% wSfif .^iSiS'&J'nSfcS: Pho^raph! 1 [< r . ,*[, .fiulow^ . ? Afl yrfte.] 

TSJnSfflS&MiwJcohSia.:' 3 slum Is partially replaced V ferrous Iron -Hid'er.o4il, ra'dl-o-Krapli}; sel'o- graph* ; sliad'ow- 

ha-ri'Hh. i-ho-ri'a, . [ Ar.) A law; especially, any Moslem Mineral. A rare Iron sulfate <FeSO 4 .5H s O), that Is graplu; Nko'to-graph;. 

religious law found In groups of needle-like crystals. gkl'a-ticope, skai'[or ski']a-scOp, n. Same as FLCOB- 

ahark'.n. [Additional compounds, etc.] blind shark, Ie'geii-lte, si'gsn-ait, n. Mineral. A variety of linnae- OSCOPE*. 

an Australian hemiscj lllold shark i^Hrmixi/Uium modes- ite, in which the cobalt is partially replaced by nickel, gkild'tel, skild'fcl, n. [S..Afr. D.] A shield made of hide 
turn), with small eyes, much used for laboratory purposes. [< Siegen, Prussia.) carried by Kafirs. 


. . ; :".r""'VwJ/j " "*"" " * wltn alternate, simple, lanceolate, entire, leathery, dotted 

.. same as THBESHKRI. H.ipilot, . A carangold fish Kuo ' leaves, white or whitish flowers In terminal clusters, and 
(Oerialazonatni found off tbe Atlantic coast of the I' nlted si-Kiio 'ri-al, Hi'niio-ry. Same as SEIONIORIAL, etc. fleshy, ovoid, two- to four-stoned drupes Of the half- 
States. . >micker, n. Sameas srcKiNO.risii, 1. l"KUey', si ge , n [Philippines.] A small white snail: a dozen species, natives of Japan and the Himalayas, several 
. a galeold flsh (Scoliodon tfrrse'tiorse) 7t Te SK* 1 Bl , n * *', are In ornamentiil cultivation. 

' - 

hrave2, Bhtv, r(. [Newfoundland.] To hold water, as with ll'I-ca, n [Additional sense.] (Local, U. 8.] Very kal'pa-dJI, skurpo-jl, n. [S.-Afr. D.] 1. A turtle. 2. 

tbe oars or an oar of a rowboat, to stop the boat or to turn flue white decomposed chert, valuable as " flint " in pot- A ladybird. 

It quickly. tery. 8kimK'bear", n. The wolverene. 

ahe'ba. shi'ba, n. [Ar.] A piece of forked wood attached Milk oak. Alarge Australian free Wrnlllea robnsta), with skuuk'busll", n. The quinin-hnsh (Garrya Fre- 

as a yoke to the neck for punishment: used by the Arabs bipinnate leaves and orange flowers In panlcled racemes: montii). 

of the Sudan. SLATIN PASUA Fire and Sword in the Sudan cultivated In greenhouses. nilky oaki. slag'ga-bl(e, slag'Q-bl, a. Metal. Capable of becoming 

sil'ver, a. & n. [Additional compounds, etc.] 8il"ver mixed in slag or of forming one of its constituent ele- 
nt-Mtrech". . [Austral.] A tree ( Cruptocari/a. obomta) cres'cent, n. A nymphalld butttrtly (I'hyciode, ni/atit), me nts 

of the laurel family (Lauraeeae). Called also bastard with a whitish or -' r - - '" 

ing at a continuous, persistent level in'high plains or western i and .southern United" States!""' Mee've' 1 ' n' (Add ionaJ "nhrase ion's a 

plateaux, and draining into the intersecting rivers. l'nieil, sai'men, n. A mature female salmon before w j de s i eeve ' in imitation of the lawn sleeve of the iro'wn 

Hhi-I'dap-le, . same as BHELDAWLE. spa ning. See SALMON, 1. worn by a bishop of the Anglican Church: worn by women. 

sheir*rnn"Kllii, n. A fungus attached to its support- "iia-niay', B! nQ.m', n. [Philippines.) A coarse cloth lend, slend, n. ILabrador.l Aouananlche. 

To strike (the ball) 
face, sending it to 

, straight flat rule, 

._ . brass rods, one of 

which is slldable. It is used for taking body and other 

common American toadfish. 

f .,. . . ult'yonarlans which can containing grease and having a rag foi ., i. i\. 

t letter of the Hchrpw .inim. . Msl " 8 ln d^'crmlnlng the supply of water for the colony, slimli'y, . [Additional sense.] [Austral.] One employed 
bet. corresponding to thc'Ennllsb */? ' l-phon'u-la, sai-fen'yu-la, n. [-I.JE, nt.] An early to assist the cook during shcarfng.time. aluoh'er:. 

. ./ _* :_ iL_ j_ _i . . w . L * . J --"'j r i ._ r , ., ,,., , , ,_ . 

MliTiier, //. [Additional jhra-e.J apotted Nhin 

ex all IP ( Cora, i, same as FRKE"OVEKSIDEV" '" Slr'ml-ail, sgr'mi-an, a. C'h. Hlt. Pertaining to any of or pertaining to the SmUacem, or smilax family. 

------ ---- - -~ , . u^wvb iuii mucuicui ui ttvW' *- ^, P. 1 . 

.lco,.' m ,n. The b.g.eyed herring (Elop , 

f fir = OTOr ' ^t- 8 = ge; tin, machine, = rcnew; obey, no; net, uer, atm; foU, rttle; but, ban,; aisle; 

reference. to words In the Addend, .re indic.ted by an asterisk (.). When not followed by an asterisk the reference Is to the main vocabulary. 

snailey 2177 Spigella 

snai'ley, ene'll . [Austral.] A bullock having a slightly gool, sfll, vt. [Colloq., Austral.] 1. To tease; worry. 2. spas'mo-tln, spaz'mo-tin, n. Chem. A yellow poi- 
curled norn To incite (a dog). sonous amorphous compound (C 20 H al O e ) contained in 

.-i u 1_ ........ .I-/ K.I. TV,,. inK,,,,..t rou t ergot, and used in medicine us an asiringent or emmen- 

lvv - agogue. Called also sphacelotoxin and spasmotoxin. 

grallatorlal , ^ r fl)aanOi spasm. I 

s,=macKerel, n. Any gempyiomnsn 01 uiegeuus uem- uiru. GBIKKIIUI; u luw ui BU. ; al,v 'mn snath'l-l'mn 7!nl Same n SYMPIO 

pi/dw.-spittillK s., an elapold smike tfa-peilnn lispmilc- sor'bl-uose, sSr'bl-nOs, n. Chem. A sugar (C,II,,O,) "P"'' 1 * e IIIR> 8pa " ma - " ^ M - " 
liates) of South Africa, which is believed to eject its poison obtained from species of Sangaieorba. \<L. toroui, ' /.' .....,// ., ra<iriitinni ni,mu.i otr. i ,,,..,..1 
isif hvsnlttiiiK tiirer=s.. H (Austral.] Same as CAB- a<, ( .(. spear '.grass , . | Additional ]>lirases, etc.] mend- 

a 11 uj a^iLiiiis. KIH^I -n., . i. ] j_ , --_: SOrO-iree.J ._, --. .rrnuu. n nt'renninl fnpeh's I fnniri/lfit'in nr 

Victoria 1 lie grear waier-uocn (itui/iej. jiriuiiiniruat. mules s.. urnss. pieti B., t w 

snao'-hpaii" n ame as STRIVO-BEAK.- the yellow wood-sorrel (Orall* mrirtal. Queensland lima), 12 to 18 Inches high, with creeping rootstocks, oc- 

' ' nhrW I hlarkfln anaooer s. , an Australian hibiscus (lliMxcux heterophyllm), whose currlng In marshes along the seacoasts of New England 

.Sblt.?. CBACK.W.LLOW. See under tion ofgrades^f timbe, orw^rom trees of a given 
sn^'weed". . [Additional sense.] [Austral.] A small, Jffifc" ? KW* % A band of lawless men 

erect Australian and Tuainnnlan herb ( Oiluln or Centipeilti who assume to regulate private or public evils; also, a law- -,, ' i./V . LU'ini' same as LAOABTO^* 
CitniiiiKilHiinii "r .Wvrinrii/ite mlnllta) of the aster family less fellow; rutHan. 25KI2 snf 'r'Ti't n r n of 1 ntl'ylrc/icoi An 

( Com/Jai, reuarded as a speclttc for certain forms of sos-pi'ro, ses-pITo, n. [It.] j^7. Literally, a breathing; a "i^i^n V"-'ictv of tie Sardinian noragt e 
ophthalmia. crotchet, or quarter rest; formerlv. a minim, or half rest. . " a " a , n ,.V' r " \ fSJSStS^S: I*. j_a_:. ._. 

sni'uel. snai'bel. n. Same as SNIPE-BILL, under SNIPE. sos'quil, ses'cwil, u. Same as i 


in paraphenol sulfunc acid: used in medicine 

the genus Canlhi'lermix; especially, C. xobaco and C. Sltf- 

^ r ' wzw ' spec'tru m, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] - compariso 

QfwiVlu mnri-a anrixul fnatjir anrl farther than the colonv of 8ftve i ~T IODOL.J SUCCtrUin. ft SDeCtrUlTl formed In the field Of visIOD Of & 

b^TlwnnaiMUmMn* A><'< XaLtaMw fte K space, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] - pace'=key'', n. spectroscope either directly above or below the principal 
18*f vol ii p 132 A key that governs the spacing in a typesetting-machlne. spectrum for the purpose of comparison.- pnre ., a spec- 

... ".i.. ...-'!... . i... , i/i, ,.,,; A cariotv of nrtho ~ 9 - * diieinsiou (Oeol.), a space or cavity In a rock- trum as free as possible from the confused effect due to 

o da>or'tbo-rlafie, n. Mineral. A TO M ortno- format | on produced by rupture, by Internal or external overlapping Images of the silt; one In which the com- 
clase in which the potassium is replaced by sodium f orce . contrasted with spnce of absolution'.- s. of dig- poncnt parts are monochromatic or nearly so.- spark'. 

go'dl-um, n. [Additional compounds.] ao'dl-urn. solution (Gertl.), a space or cavity In a rock. formation, MI>IM-"I ruin, n. A spectrum given by the Incandescent 
bead", n. A transparent globule of borax formed on a the effect of leaching and corroding fluids: contrasted with gases and vapors In an electric spark, 
loop platinum wire used In experiments, and showing the space ofaiicisvion'. speech'.cen"ter, n. Physiol. The part of the third 

D-llne characteristic of sodium. g. .light, n. Phmu-x. *pa'< I ii^ou r"reiit, n. Teleg. A current nsed in f f t rnnt( .i -nnvniMtinn nf thp brain mroca'n convolu- 
The characteristic nmnochromatlc yellow light given forth machinertelegraphy for recording spaces. sed to control the Dower of ppeech 

^S^lf^l^oT^.'TKrAfr. D.] spiced meat cut In spade'llsli", n. [Additional sense.] The paddle-flsh spe e<l'.cSun"er, n. MacL A BpeeS-indicator. 
squares and fried: eaten usually with rice. (Polyodon spatula). gpeed'well, n. [Additional phrase.] native speedwell 

soil 1 n (Additional phrase etc 1 plumbers' soil, spade'spress", n. [Austral.] A crude substitute for a wool- [Austral.!, a Tasmanlan species of Veronica ( F. formosa). 
(Plumbing* r same as SOIL', 71 , 3. goil'.mulch", n. A press. In which the wool is pressed down with a spade. spe"le-ol'o-gy, spi'le-el'o-ji, n. [Recent] That de- 

mulch of pulverized soil used to prevent evaporation. See pan 1 , vi. [Additional sense.] To progress by definite partment of geology which pertains to the study, explo- 
quotation under MULCH, n. looping movements, as a spanworm. ration and description of caves. [< Gr. epUaion^ cave. 

So-la'niim, so-lS'num w -Ig'num, n. Sot. A genus snan"l-pel-ag'lc, span'i-pel-aj'ic, a. Biol. Dwelling + -OLOQY ] spe"le-o-log'lc-al, a. 
typical of Solanacese. [< LL. solatium, nightshade.] In the deep sea. [< Gr. sparm, rare, + pelagos, sea.] Spe'ner-lsm, spe'njjr-izm, n. A system of pietism 

sole 1 , vt. [Additional sense.] Golf. To allow the club- A spanworm (Nematocampa jllamenlaria) injurious to ing epermatia. [< SPERMATIA + L./t?7Y>, bear.] 

head to rest flat on the ground just behind the ball. strawherry-vlnes. walnut. s., n. The caterpillar of a 8per"ma-toph'y-ta, n. pi. Bat. Same as SPERMOPHTTA. 

sole 1 ,)! [Additional sense 1 Golf The under surface CallfornlangeomctrldinothCBoarmfop/umiperaricOwhlch sper-iiiat'o-pliyte, n. sper"mat-o-pliyt'ic, a. 

of a cluh-head feeds on the leaves of the European walnut. willow. s., sper'nio-duct. n. Anat. Same as BPKBMADUCT. 

,1,3 , rArtilitinnal r,hrae ct/- T Mrxiran sole a Any spanworm that lives on the leaves of wlllow.trees. sper"nio-pho'ri-um, sper'mo-fO'rl-nm, n. Same as SPEB- 

"^o'lci l flsJ [ ( iciivm i nwSmifi ^of"the Pacifl" eZst of Spar"ga-nl-a'ce-te, spQr-ga-ni-e'sg-I or -a'ce-e, n. pi. MATOPHOBB. 

tropical America. Called als- teipalcate. Sot. An order of monocotyledonous plants, the bur- sper'mo-tox In, spr mo-tex in, n. A specific 

nus of majority of the Pyren&inycetex and embracing nearly 

, with narrow, two-ranked leaves on the upper 

es they produce to the perithecia of the 

found In the United Stales. Compare SPAKOANIACE^E. 

som = 

variety of gersdorffite containing gold. 

?"" - ' the southwestern frnited states.- black.hooded s., a spIiraK'lrt-lte, strng/m-cm, n. Mineral. A vein 

. - , ! sparrow (Zonotricliin aurruld] of Missouri and adjacent brown hydrated aluminum silicate that is similar m com- 

HOm'ual, sem'nal, n. Pharm. A proprietary hypnotic regions. Called also Harris' finch.-black.throated position to cimolite. [< Gr. ephragis, seal.] 

(C 7 H,jCl a OjN) composed of urethane and chloral hy- B ., a ground, or shrub. sparrow iPoiispisa bllineuta) of sphyK-mod'ic, sng-med'lc, a. Jferi. Sphygmoid. 

drate. [< L. nomnng, sleep.] the southwestern United States. diamond s., the par- spice'. tree", n. Same as CALIFORNIA LAUREL. 

the type genus of another family (iMnneruliactSB) by regions: thought to be the most northerly of the song- European cltlgradu spider (Dolomeiles Jimbriatm) which 

others. Its various species have opposite, entire, leathery, sparrows. Called also gray sonff.sparrow, sea- constructs, by lashliiK together floating leaves, a raft for 

oblong leaves, large flowers, and somewhat globose, many- shore. s., n. A sparrow of southern California (Pttmtfr- ra i as upon water-Insects. raft'ins:sBpi"dert. ray s., 

celled, many-seeded berries. Of the six or eight species, culua rontratux), living in the sedge-grass and feeding on an Android snider ( Thfridinwmii r<i(liomrn} which makes 

natives of Indian and East-Indian seacoasts, several are in marine Insects and seeds thrown up by the tide. Called all orb.web with rays, but captures its prey by means of a 

hothouse cultivation. K. npetaln Is the kambala-tree. [< also beaked sparrow and Snn Diego sparrow. trap-line. red.streaked or red. striped 8., the katl- 

P. Sonnernt, French naturalist.] 8kylark.., n. A sparrow (Piimemitun savanna) of the po _,., orchis, n. IAddltlonalsenae.1 [Austral.] A Tas- 

Son"ne-ra"tl-a'ce-e, sen'e-re'shi-e'se-f or -ne-ra'tf- southwestern plains of the United states: a variety of the m anlan terrestrial orchid ( rnlmifiiin pn/r/ierrima). 

a'ce-g, n. pi. Bot. A small order of plants having" for common fleld-sparrow.- titliirk.n., n. A sparrovv (Pas. spie /i el ., spt'ler, n. 1. I Local, U. S.] A crier of a show or 

its type the genus fUmnrratia, which from its interne- ?" ' ^K'i,^,^'!',^.'^ 'Variet, V tl?ecoSmSn , f wares ' 2< [Au8tral - ] A ' raudul t gambler; cheat; 

diate character has hceu assigned by some botanists to rvat^'o'wned's' fa sparrow"^ Sp 'j!^ r i,. a 8pa M t 'li-Q or -ge'li-a n Sot A genus of 

the Myrtaceae and by otliers to the Lythroceee. See trichia leitronltrv*) of North America, having a white S I *, 7,;,, "',,, ,,fttii,^ ^r ,, r r irelv nmlerbrnhs of the 

80NNEBATIA.- so ll"ll<--ra"tl-aVeous, a. crown bounded liy black stripes and whlte-banded wings, annual or peieimml herhs or rarelj undershrubs o 

Son of Ileav'en. The Kmneror of China: a Chinese title, -western whit<-.<-rowiied s. (ZonotrHMu aumbeil): logama family (Loganiacex), with opposite leaves and 
oo'bah, n. [Anglo.Ind.] Same as SUBAH. _ a variety found west of the Rocky Mountains. _ yellow, red, or purple flowers in unilateral spikes. Of 

an = out; oil; lfl=fed, Q = future; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ink; so; thin; zh = azure; F. bon, dttne. <, from; t, obsolete; J, variant. 
t&~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

pikcnard 2178 strongylate 

about 30 species, natives of tropical and North America, bracing the Adjutant -General's, Inspector - General's, cions flowers in terminal spikes, and rapsular fruit. Of 

S. Jfuril<tn<ti<-<i, UK- Maryland pinkruot. Is Hit- hest known. .Judge-Advocate General's, Quartermaster's, BnteMence, about ISspecies. natives ehlefly of tropical America and the 

Set- PINKKOOT. Medical. Pay. Engineer, and Ordnance Departments, with Paclnc Islands. S. rl>ifrr<i. tlic Chlnesu tallow.tree. Is the 

[< Adrian van der Sjtitgel, a Belgian.] the SlgnaUterrtoe Boron, best known. *. xtil>-uti<:<.i is the queeu's-delight of the 

Kplkc'ilard, . [Additional pbrMe.1 -clown's npike- utal'lel-lte, etaf'tl-ult. n. Mineral. A variety of apa- southern ['niied states. 

nurd, same aapLowM AX'S SPIKES H:I>'. tite that is believed to be the result of the action of car- [< Benj. fi/ittlitgfleet, English botanist.] 

l>lii'<lT. spin'dyr, n. A large epeiroid silk-spinning Donated waters on phosphorite. [< Slajft-l. Prussia.] Ktllf'bus", n. Along-legged hemipterous berytid in- 

epider of Madagascar (Xephilu mudagatcarientnt), one Main. . [Additional phrase.]- speoille lain (Jlio/.), sect of which there arc two noteworthy American species 

of the orb-weavers a pigment that has a marked affinity for certain tissues (Xtid&i muticua and Jahfnu *pinotu#), living in forest 

pllie'let, spain'let, n. A small spine of any kind. ani1 chemical substances which are the subject of micro- undergrowths and old pastures. 

ry* i i- -t aciinic ltufMW*Hnti _-** ..+ti i _ a. ., o. 

Spi-ran'thes, spai-ran'thiz or spi.rgn'thes, n. Bol. Same SAPLING, under SAPLING^ . Same as STINKING S.M i i . KI pnr'>b'rand";.-s.<Klaiid. 

Two species only are known, 5. polyrrhiza, the 

up water in a shallow stream to secure depth tor the characteristic'ldcntlfying brand of any station placed upon s.,kcep, rt.&r'i. [Austral.] Toca're for stock; herd.- s.< 

floating of the logs: sometimes portable. sheep or cattle. keeper, n. striding* n. The occupation of a stock - 

aplil, //. [Additional phrases, etc.] split dynamome- gtat'or, stat'er, n. Elec. The stationary portion of a rider. s.sroute, n. [Austral.] A passage through an 

ter, an instrument for measuring alternating currents in dvnamo or other machine-generator. Australian claim for the free movement of herds across 

which the current splits and goes through two separate stay':|ube". . A supporting tube for the head of a country: required by law.-to spill n. (Finance), to flood 

windings, each of which reacts on the other.- i>lii Mi n"- mnJUtobalar steam.boiler the , nlark ,y with stock. watered B. (Finance), capital 

., * ...,,,-ni,i ..,.,,-r.......... .f ,1,:. ....,.,../../ ; stock artlneially Increased, the actual assets remaining un- 

. .. changed. See \VATER, rt.. 6. 

ere, espe- Mtodg'l-iiess, stej'i-nes, n. Crudeness; heaviness; 

staves that are split from the bolt Instead of being sawed: same as FBEE OVERSIDE'. ...,, ,. .,. r ,,. auuc . . 

a familiar trade description. s. Bin II. In lumber-working, l<'Hln";|>a< k'ilisr. /,. Packing for (1) the piston of a . Bt nn n ts.Afr ni A niatfnm 

shingles, rails etc split from .the log or bolt. stcam-cyTinder; & any steam-tight joint. See PACKING", "home- itoop Platform at the door of . 

upllt Ill-llll'I-Iivie. An infinitive the "to and the str-ar^l-lorm, ste-ar'i-forui, a. Partaking of the char- N toke'*liold", n. Naut Same as STOKE-HOLE 1 

verb of which are separated by some intervening word, acteristics of or bearing a resemblance to stearin. sloleMee", n. Same as ST-RELICE.FEE. 

usually adverbial, as in the phrase "to quickly return." gte"a-tol'y-sl8, stra-tel'i-sis, u. Chem. A process slo'ma, . [Additional senses.] Zool. 1. The orifice 

bee TO. cleft liiliiilllvie;. by which fats are emulsified before absorption. [<(jr. for the reception of food in certain invertebrates: the 

POB, 9j)og, n. JS.-Afr. D.] To talk boastfully; bluster. ftear fat> + lygit loosening.] ste"a-to-lyt'Ic, a. mouth. 2. The aperture of a duct or other tube. 

!><><> 1'. si rip ,n. A strip of lumber, or a quantity of g(ee i i [Additional compounds, etc.] ac'id.steel", n. stone, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] Mocha stone, 

the same collectively, sawed into squared sticks ready to steel manufactured by a process in which the converter or see In table under STONE. stone'<cell", n. Same a. 

be manufactured into spools. open-hearth Is lined with slllclous material. natural 8., GRIT-CELL*. s, of destiny, same as LIA FAIL*. 

spoon 1 , n. [Additional sense.] Golf. A club having the steel manufactured directly from the ore or by refining stone'wood", n. An Australian tree (CaUisttmon 

head scooped out like the bowl of a spoon In each set ca , 8t ' ron - phosphorus ., steel In which there is more ealignus) of the myrtle family (Myrtacese). or its timber. 

of clubs there are three of these, of varying lengths. ffiSPHKKiSS r S ln \/irti*nn . "top 1 . n - [Additional phrases.] coincidence stops, a 

pore'*prlllt", . A print of the gills of a mushroom eg" fee u mler PROC ESS - I system of lens-stops for autotype processes In which wire 

made by placing the pileus. with the gilll downward, on BRONZE STEEL" wolfram B ., me "T^'GSTSN S K " th^Derlo'dof'evDosure'ls red ucedTo" one' nfthor le ^^T 

paper, and allowing the dropping spores to produce the See ALLOY STEEL. tern sloun a system of IMIS.SUIIW In which tlieoDenlnz! 

outline of the gills. steep 3 ,". Metal. Same as BRAS^UE, n. each stop Is* other than circular In shape Kuoolpn's 

spo'rous, spo'rus, a. Bo/. Of or pertaining to a spore. utein'mann-He, stain'man-oit, n. Mineral. A va- system of stops, a seriesof Icns-stops in which VsoU) Is 
spot, n. [Additional sense.] Cards. A game of cards rletv ' galena that has part of the lead replaced with the smallest aperture. 

in which the court-cards count but one each, while the a n t' mon y and arsenic. [< Steinmann, German miner- store 1 , n. [Additional phrases.] ex store [U. S.j {Ft- 

others are valued according to their pips, the deuce being al pt-l . nance), without free delivery from or after leaving the 

better than the re The irnme fa rnwt of nninta the ste'lar, sti'lar, a. Of or pertaining to a stele. store. Compare EX ELEVATOR*, ex warehouse;. 

K,CinFwh^c^conSieTottp^^ tte er mirt '^ ;n ' r '- [? P -Afr.p.f A voter; elector .toftln-ka sto'tin.ka, [-KI. pi.] A Bulgarian 
pot'ted sick'nens. Meet Same as PINT* ste"mo-na'ceous, stl'mo-ne'shms, a. Hot. Of or coin equivalent to the one-hundredth part of a franc; 

spring, n. [Additional compounds.] sprinic'.liranch", pertaining to the Stemonacese. also, a money of account. 

qiia-iiicl'll-rorm, scwa-mel'i-ferm, a Bot Formed of lepiiiopterous moths including about 100 common tra'lum gran 'ii-lo'sum. Anat. A stratum of 

like a squamella American species ranging throughout the United States, epidermal cells around the nuclei of which are elliptical 

Bquan'lum, scwen'tum, n. [Dial , U S 1 A shore-dinner and found elsewhere, mostly of medium size with granules composed of eleidln. 

dinner of sea-food. ' whitish wings and black head, illustrated by a well- gtra '". " I Additional phrases.] stratuH cumulifor- 

quare, a. [Additional term, etc.] -square'mouth", known species (Hssmatopsle grataria), the chickweed- mis <^w'"j, a strato-cumulus or low.lying cumuliforni 

scon,'- moth.- ster'rhld, /&/ SKT, unli^ JA'C'?""" (Meteor ->' 8ame M iC " R "- 

broidean fish of the family Tetraut'tiitrifTif' ' 

disadvantageous repurchase of stock sold short hydrated manganese-iron antimonite that is found as male corisid, as . 

wiuirfy, scwlfi, a [Slang, Eng.] Slightly Intoxicated I>nmatic crystals. strlg"l-la'lii, Btrij'i-le'shon, n. The application of 

1 all b"l-o-fer / rite, stib'i-o fer'ait, n. Mineral A resin- a stngil or the like to the skin. 
Squil-loi'de-a, scwll-lel'dg-a, n. pi. Zool. Same as STO- us yellow hydrated iron antimonite that occurs as an 8tv I ' ( k l e ^ E fl" ure ' " Cranial. Same as PERCUSSION' 

[S..Afr. D.] A state; the state.- staat'- moni^ +ftnwn^fm^} 6tlbmte ' [< L ' stit>ium < ant '- atrliig, ri. [Additional sense.] To fly unevenly in an el- 
><tiiti^ u __./ m ... 

fa, firm, flsk; at, fire, accord; element, $ r = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, % = renew; obey, no; net, nSr, atm; full, rule; bm, bum; aisle; 
eferences to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

structural 2179 Tabcbuia 

M rm-'l ii r-ai, a. [Additional senae.] Adapted for use suffa'ri, suf'fu'ri, n. [Afr.] A foraglng-party; also, a aratfon of geological charts. 2. A survey made by such 
in building. structural iron, iron fashioned into circu- caravan. a department, consisting of an examination of the char- 

lar, angular, or other shapes as required for use In practical Kilonua Lonn sent off a large suffnri to*day to forage for food acter and position of strata, etc., In a given district. 
engineering s. plain (Genl.), same as BACK. SLOPE*. " nd >' T. T. H. PARKE Exiierienees in Eviutorial Africa ch. su-ry'ii. su-ri a, n. [Ar.j A concubine, sur-riy'yat. 
*. steel. < 1 ) steel prepared after the manner of structural ".P-IM-W HJ nils- tox'Ill, sus-tex'm, n. Organic Chem. A toxin 

Iron for a like purpose. (2) steel peculiarly adapted for sucb suK'ar, n. lAdditlonal sense.] [Slang, Austral. 1 Spot from cultures of the bacillus of lion-cholera, causing con- 

f a "i^ l] ,"M ection - [< L - * S&M 

&,^ > %3&.l SameasswAOMA N . 
p, n. [Additional compounds.]- 8wanip'=hawk", 

l*nw Zealand. I A falconoid bird ( Circus gouiau or C. 
ossimiKs), the NewZealand marsh-harrier. .pkensiiBt, 
Austral.] Same as PHEASANT*CUCKOO. S. "turkey, 

<ignatinganima 8 hat Hveobur- ****, ua-era, n. t. ame as SOI.FA- ..^^i, ^mp'm'T^The common killing 

stum"bred4" ergr " ' ratherthan mthe earth ' sulf^, I combining form,. [Additional terms, etc.] [Ei- (F"d,,lu<, heteroditm) 

\n n oeal Fn* 1 Fixed In nnsltim,. set sulpho-, f ther of these forms may be used in the words sweet'.flsli", n. A salmonoid fish, tne ayu (Plemglos- 
"***? the fm fi oni pa?i ] ' grouped below.l-sul"fo-bo'ritc, K. *7n-;. A color- ** oftztwte) of Japan an " annual I" flsh that descends 

I \ililitinn-Ll miii Iirf rrollon TT s 1 Tn less Vvdratecl magnesium sulfate and borate (Mg 3 (S<>4). to the salt water to breed and dies after spawning. 
De'for'm stun " s ee^T^T^i * 1 1 [ A?eat of oldU? Mg4B 8 O 18 .iaiJ a O), that crystallizes in the urthorlioniblc sys- sweet wa'ter. Refining. In the manufacture of 
i'nnn thp'ha'nrtV y *'" -""'"fo-car-baiii'ld. . CAem. SameassuLFO- sugar the condensed steam fliat escapes from the double. 

skill, at balancing or walking on the hands. UREA*. sul "lo = ste'a- tite, n. Same as FOSTITE*. nr trinlp-pffprt and is now! tn refill the hnilp nf thp 


01 sue'sloot, siig'slot, . [S.-Afr. D.I A trencb as In a vine 
yard, for purposes of Irrigation or drainage. 

They did stunts of an amazing character. sul"fosu're-a, n. Chem. Urea in which the oxygen has 

The Sun [New York] July 21, '96, p. 7, col. 5. been replaced by sulfur, su l-ln ' i C--M . 
stur'geon.n, [Additional phrases.] -great sturgeon, snl"fur=bac-te'ri-um, n. Bot. One of the bac- 8 In f, - cll PP ed **? Having the lower jaw shorter 
an acTpenseroid flsh (Acipentter meitiroxtrix] of the Paciflc teria of several genera, especially the genus Benniatoa, , upp cr . " in swine. 6 rtam upgs. 

coast.- Oregon s., the white sturgeon. See STOHGEON. produced in water when sulfure'tcd hvdrogen is gener- 8wltch'=tow"er, n. A building fitted with necessary 
"'""' "'"> Sacraiiiento^turgeon. _ t ^ | j __ ated by the decay of organic matter. Those of B. aloa equipment for operating switches or points. See SWITCH, 

hich by the introduction 
ly from its supporting mount, 

pipe wh 
eely fro 

nial-tv* (tiLtiiiiiiiiiii'iiictgiit.E7iuiii :-'MI i ii in iTnnitL^ Liiui, v^i_.i_iiiD |. j .! // ; -i -| TTaetnQnf 1 A ehflb-p " nvr i r7 = '^l ^ 1 ' rrn. ~-KT rr j i, ' 3 

in needlelike crystals? ^raucain^meKpfl. "so'Sed JroKS'fnlSitlon^a? SED. ] ^ " ' 

sty"lo-llt'lc, stai'lo-llt'ic, a. G;. Containing or per- The wood-swallow: a disused namc.-s.*country, .,' ririri-f i h n n k. 

taining to stylolites. See STYLOLITE. [New Zealand.] Country Inhabitable only In the summer syc'a-more, n. [Additional phrases.] light or white 

ty'lus?, ft. [Additional sense.] Same as STTLEI, 8 (4) . months; specifically, land above a certain height on the sycamore [Austral.], a native laurel (Panax elegant). 

St'y-plie'11-a, stai-ft'li-awsti-fe'li-a, n. Bot. A genus mountains In otago and Canterbury. g.sfloiinder, . An syl-ves'trene, sil-ves'trm, n. Chem. A terpene (C 10 

nf pvproTppn nhriihs nf thppnRi-riri familv (TfnnrriilTii-ea* Important pleuronectold flsh (Paralicht/iu* aeiitiitHx) of tlie H 16 ) found in turpentine of German, Finnish, and Swe- 

^^^^Sm}^S^sh^D.DaiSt^elfes C a8 t-ter8 from Massachusetts to Florida. - s. > her- dish origin. f< iTsilveslris, belonging to a wood.] 
'? ^n?7rR?..flS? rius,n. Same as GLUT-HERRING. syl'vin-ite, slfvln-alt, n. Mineral. Same as SYLVITE. 

^l^^v^^^^l^.^Li^iSnl n tarlS OTl ^** k *''' l> a - Hardened and desiccated by the sym-bi-ot'i'c-al, a. Biol. Same as SYMBIOTIC. 

several IK in ornamental KreCTnousI cultiradon [ < Gr sun's heat, as mud, clay, or unburnt bricks. sym'ma-cliy, sim'a-ki, n. Ch. HM. The doctrine 

KSSwlcW.? sun'dang, sun'dang, n. [Philippines.] A bolo: a native of Symmachus the Bbionite. Compare SYHMACHIAN. 

vti-n'ti >'iii Htin'ti sin n Cfiffm A vpllnw prvatallinp name. S \ m-pl'l ';| -I ;r. slm-pet'a-lf OT -16. n. pi. Sot. Same as 

,,nrt}f' H ' i*n Hrnn^inmplipino iT Sun'day, re. [Additional phrases.] mid. Lent Sun- GAMOPETALJI. 

Hi^jii^MUj.m. -asastyptic. j aysame as REFRESHMENT SUNDAY. Reminiscence sym'plil-ly, sim'fi-li, . Biol. Commensalism with 

.tv'ra i atni'rn ,-n) fh, A pninrioaa prvaf.,1 8 V ("ic'-). the second Sunday in Lent: from the first word manifestation of mutual sympathy, as in the case of 
t> ra-col, stal ra-cOl, n. (/Mm. A colorless crystal- of theLtln8erviceforthatday,_SVwi!ce;rii'a(ion!(nt , ,, ,, ,,,l nthpr inappta whiph nrp thpir n/olpnmo 
line compound (C 16 H 14 O 3 ) obtained by heating a mix- tuarum nomine. Rorate S. (Keel.), the fourth Sunday , "," , ^{Sta f,,ol frlp,,rl ilir, i 

ture of guaiacol and cinnamvl chlorid in molecular pro- In Advent: from the flrst word of the Latin version of /. Suests. [ (,r. symphilia, mutual friendship.] 
portions, and used in medicine as an antiseptic and xlv . 8 . Rorate cattt demper (Drop down, ye heavens, from sym'ples-Ite, sim pies-ait, n. Mineral. A vitreous 
vermicide Called also suaiacol cinnamate f ^ <*TY above), used as the introit. Rose S, (S. C. Ch.). Refresh- bluish hydrated iron and arsenate (Fe 3 (AB0 4 ) 2 .8HoO), 

ment Sunday: so called because on this day the Pope blesses that crystallizes in the monoclinic system. [ < Or. syn, 

_ J ... .,,. the Golden Rose, dipping it in balsam and then sprinkling with 4- nltxin hrino- tn^pthpr 1 

Su-se'dn, su-i'[or-e']da, M. Bot. Same as DOSDIA". It with holv water and cehsins it 3 ^ piesiazo, ormg logemer j 

suas'ti-ka,n. Same as SWASTIKA. uii'flsh'' rf \dditional nhrases 1 -black-banded Sy"plo-ca'ce-ae, sim-plo-ke'sg-I or -cci'ce-e, n. pi. 

snb-, prefix. [Additional terms.] Addenda to self-ex- ,?? 'a simflsh (Know SI,f*r'Ltndn Bot - An order of plants usually included in ^mcawa, 

plaining 'words beginning with M*. See note and list. p. streams and lakes from New Jersey to Maryland -blue" Dut separated from it by some botanists and consisting 

yQ ,.9 ther -^ or 5 8 ta 9* appear below with appropriate spotted s., a very abundant sunflsh of the Mississippi of but one genus, Symptoms. 

subconcholdal" subflexuose' subtublform" nor in conformity with it, but with the structure of the There are about 150 species, of which *. ttncloria, the 

subcoriaceous* subopposlte* subumbellate overlying strata: said of rivers and other streams and of horse-sugar or sweetleaf, Is the only species found In the 

i-ub"au-ric'u-lar, a. Anal. Situated Immediately natural drainage. 2. Any landscape-features which are United States. See HOKSE-SUOAB. 
beneath the auricles of the heart. sub-car'bon-ate, n. the resultants of superimposed drainage-systems: as, a [< " r - syrnjilokos, interwoven.] 

Chem. A basic carbonate. gub-con'ti-neut, n. Any su nerimmsed vallev or trough syn-ac'ttc, sm-ac'tic, a. Med. Moving with conjoint 

body of land of continental proportions other than the six 8 u''per-In"feu-d'a'tlon . Law The imposition action; conjointly operative, as some chemicals or med- 

a3pa^ssasK:.5S5fifirL*^ "' ?5S r n T, ther by SsWSs; *^ SSSiSsiS,- 1 n sy ^^L, 

neath the jugular or beneath the throat.- sub-lo're-al, estate out of one already created. rn" r a-cld'l-ail, sm as-sid i-an, n. Any individual 

a. Zool. Situated beneath the lore.-sub-iii'trnte, n. u"per-lo're-al, su-per-lo'rj-al, a. Situated above ascidian of the Sytiasciiiye. 

Chem. A basic nitrate. snb-rec'tal, a. Situated beneath the lore. [< SUPER- + LOBE'.] syn"choii-dro'sl-al- ly, sin'cen-dro'si-al-i, adv. 

constructional: said of a watercourse, or of natural and are founded upon a judgment obtained in an action, syn-toii'lc, sin-ten'ic, a. Of, pertaining to, or possessing 
drainage. 2. Any feature of a landscape resultant from They embrace the examination under oath of the debtor syntonv 
subsequent drainage; as, a subsequent valley. and of any witnesses who may have knowledge of his at- , - 

rantable, if not fraudulent. Situated above the mastoid process. -Hii"lra-ino-lec / u- other; tune or tone together, as electrical instruments. 

ub"stl-tu'tlon<veln", n. Mineral. A vein of for- lar, o. Phyxia & Chem. Containing more than one mole- gyn'trope, sin'trOp, n. \.Anat. Any member of a 
eign metal or metalliferous deposit that has been formed cule.-su"pra-ven'tral, n. Situated above the venter, syntropic series. H.Pathol. One who has an inherited 

"' -'- 

in a rock of other substance through the action of perco- sn"pra-Hm'I-nal, sirrpra-lim'i-nal, a. Lying above disease. 

lating water. . 'be threshold and distinguished from the subliminal and gyn'tro-py, sin'tro-pi, n. The state of being syntropic. 

mic'cnh. sue'a, n. [-COTII, pi.] [Heb.] A booth or taber- the supernormal : said of normal consciousness. sy'pbax, soi'fax. rt. [Slang.] To deceive, as with flattery or 

nacle in which Jews pass the season of Succoth. suk'- A faculty that ignores all distinctions between the sitpraliminal stratagem. [< Gr. Syphax, treacherous king of Nurindia.] 

U:i h , and the subliminal . . . can plead no extenuations in behalf of lim- gys'teltl, n. [Additional phrases.] F system (Optics}, 

nuc'coth, suc'eth, . [Heb.] The Jewish Feast of Taber- itations determined by any known differences of temperament and a system of lens-stops the denominations of which repre- 

nacles. feelin e . Proceedings Soc. Psy. Res. vol. xvi, p. 146. S( , nt the ratio of the diameters of the apertures of the lenses 

uck'er, n. [Additional compound, etc.] brook's su'res, sii'rcu, n. pi. [Sp. Am.] Southerly winds on the to their focal lengths.- !*tolze s. (stol'tze) ( OpJfcs), a sys- 
muck"er, n. A catostomoid fish (Catostomiu commer- Paciflc coast of South America. tern of stops employed by some lens-makers, whereby the 
sonii) of the eastern United States, the common sucker. sur'face, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] connected relative times of exposure are made directly proportionate 
hnmp:backed s,, a sucker (Xi/ra/iclien ci/pho) of the surface (Geom ) a surface any two points on which may to the various numbers with which the different stops are 
basin of the Colorado and Glla rivers. Called also razor: be connected by a continuous line lying wholly in the sur- marked. universal s. [U. S.] (Optics), a system of lens. 
back sucker. northern s., a catostomoid flsh ( Cut- face. It may be singly or ilonbly connected. See phrases stops In which the numbers marking the various stops rep- 
ostomus catostomHH) of the northern United States and under SURFACE. sur'l'acesfiliii", n The layer of either resent the squares of the corresponding times of exposure. 
Canada. Called also longsuosed sucker and red of two fluids, at their common boundary, that exhibits sur- sza-bo'ite, tza-bO'ait, n. Mineral. A variety of hyper- 
sucker. spotted s., a catostomoid flsh of the genus face-tension. s. of centers.a surface that is the locusof sthene that occurs in thin tabular crystals and frequently 

the centers of curvature of a given surface, centrals.!, contains a relatively larger amount of ferric oxid. 

VmraHo l\ r , I a TTK Tnl*n a I / flh V* rr.-n UUIILalllB U relatively 1 , 1 1 L' I 1 .-lull 

/Swulurt " ' < Cto "*'Ssnr'fa-cinit, sor'ig-slng. n. [Austral.] 1. The action of [< j. SzM< of Budapest, llungar, ., 

;',., a,, A*i, T, /m t. ^ working the surface-earth or -rock in digging for gold. 2. szo-pel'ka, tzo-pel'ka, n. [Bus.] Mus. A variety of oboe, 

uefc'=8y", n. A tobacco-bug (Dicyphus minimus). The auriferous wash-dlrt that lies at the surface. wltha brass mouthpiece, used In southern Russia. 

su'crol, su'crol, n. Chem. A white crystalline com- surP'tisli", n. [Additional phrases.] common surf 
pound (CnH^NjOj), 200 times sweeter than cane-sugar, flsh, a surf-fish (Embiotica jacksnnt) ranging from Van- 
obtained variously, as by treating para-phenetidin with couver Island to San Diego. striped s., a aurf-flsh 
potassium cyanate, and used in medicine as a sweeten- (Tsmtotoca laterally , a common food.flsh of the Paciflc 

_ Called ^also^dulcin, cofKsi^of'the^acIflc^oast-wate'rs. taal, tai, _n. [S._.Afr. D.] A language; especially, the lan- 

nnBn !..,. II I 'I II.- r T71 CUtfWIJ Ol L1IC mellle UOHML- WHLCIB. "., ... L .,.-.... ""J " '. ..J, ' 

para:phenetol carbamid, and valzin, [< F. Sucre, m."o-<>nnfmn'i<iv n Mir Tn thp Rritish service a guage of the Africanders. Compare AFRICANTAAL. 
sugar, -f -OL.] tmoVrelYm^il^'irPon ta-ba'ua, to-bfl'wo, n. [Phlllpnlnes.] A native guitar 

in'dor-lc, sii'd 9 r.icor sO-dSr'ic, a. Of, pertaining to, a .riq,,e', su-ric', n. [F. Am.] A seml.terrestrlal telphu- a n a| U r t ( . a n e oc 'U'atfv'e I ^e < i f bai " bo0 ' wlth strlngs of 8pllt 
or derived from sweat; sudoral. sudoric acid, an acid sold crab (Psemlottlphnsa dentata) of the French West In- _K km toh" wi>l n n*i A ,,,,,,,,< f. M 
(C 6 H 9 NO_ 7 )_derlvBble from perspiration. Called also hi- dl.n Islands: used for food. . ^".h^nV.h^mSj^^ ^InASTJl'Il? 

un(n\jyj uerivauie iroui (>erBpirai<ioii. ^aiieu aiso rii- uiau ismnus: useu lor itiua. i, v, # +k^ * *a * .ii 

droticncid. [< L. mdor. sweat.] snr'rah, n. [E. Ind.] Same as SURRA. or shrubs of the trumpetflower family . 

U'el'do, sfl-el'dO. n. An Aragonian coin equal in United sur-vey', n. [Additional phrase.] geological survey, allied to Tecoma, with its opposite or slightly scattered 

States money to 2% cents. 1. A governmental department entrusted with the prep- leaves simple or digitately compound and Its flowers In 

n = out; ell; in --frail, JO = future; c - k; churcb; dh = the; fo, sine, ii.ik; so; thin; zb = azure; F. boil, dune. <,fram; ^, obsolete; t, variant. 
EP~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

tabergite 21 SO theorem 

racemes or cymes. Of about 60 species, natives of trop- tar"no-w llz'lte, tflr'no-witz'nit, n. Mineral. A VH- earthy portions of a district: so called in Mexico and 

evera, are In hothouse cultivation. < ^^jXTnl'a. ,, [IIeb , A Jewllh prayer-book 

tab'er-gltc. tab'er-gait, . Mineral. A bluish-green tar'poiiK.tVy". tVpng.frc.r, n. Same as BOCOS (:>> ountainlng the dally prayers, exclusive of festlval.prayers. 

N22 - 

by the taAymetcr. , '^JKJ ,", . , ',"/>/, , ) , , ' ',';.^ M( " > rt*d rly and marched till 11.30 A. M., when we halted 

tack', . [Additional sense.] Finance. Side: said of a t ^?^^^*?^** e r VStj33'<me of several of the for rt and t m kL,. Thi, . pr, P a m i and d,.,,.u-h,a ,, i 
r's relationship to the market. ' 

, . . . t . . 

speculator's relationship to the market. New Zealand beeches or as they are generally called, P.*. T. H. I'AKKE bsixneuce* / t<juafon.i( .i/iv. .1 ch. 6, p. 

tar'tlr-al ll'llll. .l/tf. That assemblage of officers and birches, law'iii;. 

' A magnetized steel sphere 

i rui th- 

a, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] w 
leaves of a Malayan shrub ( Glnphyrin n 

, ] ,kiur-, , Jftrf Treatment of 
anemia, obesity, etc., by air, exercise, and diet. 

players endeavor to keep a shuttlecock In the air, using their 

|. Ilelenn tea, the leaves of a plant (Beauonln par 

iirua. tulpo, n. I -\ew Zealand.] 1. A devil appearing (Euphurbinixse). """ " , , 

and having power only at night. 2. [Slang. 1 The theodo- tear':bot"lle, n. Same as LACRIMATOBY. test'.fl. [Additional phrase.] ftesler a test, a chem- 

llte of the surveyor BO called because It is thought to rob Xec-to'iia, tec-tO'na, n. Bot. A genus of large trees leal test for determining the presence of ammonia. 
the natives of land. 3. [Colloq.J A vicious horee or dog. of tne vcrva j n family (rerbenaceie), with large, opposite, test'ar, test'ar, n. A West-Indian clingflsh (Cfobiesox 

3Ktyp^., tsni A rut- rnttln*- sneclflcallv In the or ternately whorled, entire leaves and small white or ctphalius). Called also tetard. 

a ^u'tbwes 1I tern n -rjn [ ft?d 1 Swt 1 a C11 c t u l ,^k 'S're^fo? thS bluish flowers in terminal panicles The only three et-ar told, tet-ar'teid, Cry'tal < A tetartohedral 
reception of water or for use as a n-servolr In emergency. known species belong to southern Asia and Malaysia. T. crystal with 12 faces. [< TETABTO- + -oil).] 

n'ka-Du" tu'ku-pu' n [New Zealand 1 The common grandUot India furnishes teak. [< Gr.J-(5ni, carpentry.] tete":de:roche', tef-de-resh', n. [F.] A hsemuloid flsh 
Kanuet I Di/Miila xrrrrltorl of Australia Te-de'co, t^-des'cO, it. [It.] A Polish or a German Jew: (Auuntreinun terrain), one of the grunters. 

a|2, n [Ind ] Same as PALMYRA, ta'lat. a contemptuous Sephardic appellation. teth'er*ball", tedh'er-bSl", n. A game played by two 

nl"i-pe'dic, tal'l-pt'dlc, a. Same as TALIPKD, a. tee'ina<grouiid", n. Golf. An area defined by marks sides with rackets and ball, the latter depending from a 

tal'ing-ait, n. Mineral. A bright-blue beforehand, within which the tee must be built. See pole to which it is attached by string, the purpose of the 

ing side being so to hit the ball as to entwine the 

hydrated copper chlorid (Cu (OH) 8 Clj.4H a O), that occurs 

bryony, whose roots have various medicinal properties, 

The fruit and shoou are also utilized, and the plant Is cultl- 

vated for ornament. [ < L. tamnu*, vine.] 

tan 3 , n. [Additional sense. 1 A Chinese weight equal to teiescoi - I: . .. M ..^..,.-..,^,,_ U ^. .^ .,, ...j 

133* Ibs.; picul. al1 8uch contrivances. [< TELE- + ELECTIW- + -SCOPE.] tet"ron-er'yth-rlii, tefren-sr'ith-rin, n. Organic 

tan'dan, tan'dan, n. The river catfish of Australia. tel"e-pho"o-grapli'tc, terg-fo'to-graf'ic, a. Of or chem. A pigment found In birds' feathers and in some 

tans', tflng, n. Any one of several species of surgeon- pertaining to a telephotograph or to telephotography. invertebrates. [< TETRA- + ERYTHBIS.] 

fishes or doctor-fishes of the genus Teuthtt. as the blue tel"e-plio'tos, tel'g-fo'te*, n. A signaling-apparatus tet'rose, tet'rOs, n. A sugar having four atoms of carbon 
tang or blue surgeon (T. ccerulmi), the barber, com- having a series of electric lamps that are operated from j n the molecule. [< TETBA-.] 

mon surgeon, or tang-barbero ( T. hepatusl, or the bar- a keyboard. [< TELE- + Or. phoi (phdtos), light.] Iru'rriu. tiU'crin, n. Chem. A dark-brown liquid 

beiroor ocean tang(7\6oAianiM). [< Ice. tangi, sting.] tel'e-scopc, n. [Additional sense.] [U.S.] An extension, compound extracted from the water-germander (Teu- 

"Vn'tlt'fon" 1 '* 1 ' "' tMaori - 1 A cry ' moun " n B; w kc ; lam " s?o^-^el4'!.'ic 5 ope ( ''w C ord" 1? A wortfSme^byco^ "*"'." SeorMvm), and used in medicine as an antiseptic 


ntton ' - so-el.copeword A wortfmebyco . , 

nin'i-whn. tan'i-WQ, n. [Maori.] A legendary monster blntng parts o'r syljaWes of two or more other words, as A' r I 1 I ta j 1 1 t m [ t f n " r r ; Sj^^iiSTfSS. of herha r 
of the sea or deep waters supposed to devour human In making chortle from chuclile and tnort. See CHORTLE". Icu'crl-lim, tm'crl-in, n. Hot. A genus or herbs or 
beings, tan'l-wat. tel"e-crlp'tor, lel'g-scrip'ter, n. A printing-telegraph shrubs of the mint family (Labtate) the germanders 

tank'ighip", n. Same a TASK. VESSEL. in which the sending-instrument is a typewriter with with toothed, entire, or incised leaves, pinkish or purplish 

' , and the receiver is an flowers in axillary whorls, or in spikes, racemes, or heads, 
by which the message and exserted didynamous stamens. Of about 100 spe- 
] cles, natives of warm and temperate regions of both heml- 

A variety of telemeter spheres, the best known are T. Scordium, the water-ger- 

The tlm"e 'from"the"sMond "cenTu'ryTB .to' the"c'iose' oVthe in which a micrometer-lens'is introduced into a telescope. mander ? f tne OW ^ orld - a - nd !** tne American. 
second century of the Christian era. Ta-na'imi. tel^i-con'o-graphj n. Same as TELKICONOOHAPH. 

germander or wood-sage of the United States. [ < Gr. leu- 
krion, germander.] 

tap'e-try, n. [Additional phrases.] hlgh.warp tap- LURIUM + SULFUR. tha-lack'er-ite, tha-lak'er-ait, . Mineral. A van- 

entry, tapestry woven with Its face exposed to view, the lel'o-blaiit, tel'o-blgst, n. litot. One of the large ceils ety of anthophyllite that occurs in Greenland and has a 
warp-threads being vertical.- low. warp t., tapestry at the growing end of the embryo which bud forth rows metalloidal luster, 
woven with Its face turned downward and Its warp-threads of smaller cells. [< TELO- -4- Gr. blasto*, sprout.] 1 li:i-lHh"*o-( lirr'a.|>> . tha-las'o-ther'Q-pi, n. Med. 

that is found massive." \<Tai'anaii",Wevt"iea\&n&) having a blade near the point only. [< L. tenug, at the The-a'ce-se" the^''8-I or the-g'ce-e', n. pi. Sot. Same as 
ta-ran'tu-lln, ta-ran'tiu-lin, n. A poisonous product . end '.T Q JvS 1 "*?' c ", t '' TERxsTRCKMiArE,E -tne-a'ceons, a. 

of the tarantula. ten"dln-l'tls, ten'dm-ai'tis or -I'tis, n. Pathd. In- *nj 'ba-lm, thi'ba-izm l n. Patkol. Habitual misuse 

i :i -ru n'tu-linm, n. Archcol. Same as TARANTISM. flammation of a tendon. 

tar"a-pa'ca-lte, tar'a-pe'[or 

Mineral. A bright-yellow potassiun 

O 4 ), that crystallizes In the ortho ' 

Tarapaca, in Chile.] ..,... _ ... 

la-ran' f>l, w-ras'ls, n. Pathel. A form of hysteria in teiii'aee, n.' [Additional sense.] Tenting accommoda- he"o-phyl'lln(e, thfo-fll'in, n. A crystallizable 

males. [< Or. taraxit, confusion.] lion; the supply of tents available for any purpose nitrogenous substance (C,H e N 1 O. 1 ) obtained from tea- 

* r -e"'o-l, " [Additional sense.] The common ten-tll'la. ten-til'a, n. A branch of a ramose tentacle 'ea" 68 - [< THEA + Gr. phytlon, leaf.] 

lizard-fish or lacerto. as of a siphonophore [< TENTACLE! the'o-rem, n. [Additional phrases.]- Dupin theo- 

--' - [Additional sense.] Physio. The metal tep'e-tate, n. [Additional sense.l Geol. A secondary S5!i S^ 6 "^" 1 concerning surface, given by Charles 

calcareous, coating the solid rock or penetrating the curvature of a surface Is a plane curve, the plane of the 

ofa, firm, gsk; at, fare, accord; elemnt, jr = over, 6ight, g = usage; tin, machine, g = renew; obey, n; net, ner, atjm; full, rfile; but, bfirn; aisle; 
^~ Crose-references to words In the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (). When not followed by an asterisk' the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

theory 211 tolysal 

unavu ui riiiiuiriimtics wnicn irtuus 01 me propcrnea or r . .!,,,,. n . - . , , """.' K'unu an uiu uun siunfu^au. 

the dllTurent forms of functions TV OKCESIER TA Philippine lalanatah. 17. p. 403. [MACM. 1901. J 

The-ol'o-kos, the-et'o-kes.n. .Etc*. Same asTHEOTOcos , throm bo-aeii'lc, threm'bo-ien'ic, a. Pathol. In- tim'bach, tim'bach, n. [Philippines.] A gunshot- the re- 

under THKO-. clined to clot or coagulate, as blood. [< TUROMBO- -f- port of a gun: a native term. 

the"rl-od'Ic, thfri-ed'ic, a. Pathol. Malignant or Ur. fignomoi. become.] tliu'bal, ;/. [Additional sense.] The drum-like and 

noxious. [< Or. theritfidte, like a wild beast. J throm'bolil, tlirwm'beid, a. Having the form of a sound-producing membrane of the shrilling-organ of a 

ther'mal par'a-dox. Physics. The seeming para- thrombus. [< TIIKOHB- + -OID.] male cicadid insect or harvest-fly. 

dox by which the application of cold water to a closed throm'bo-llto, tlirem'bo-lait, n. Mineral. A green time 1 , n. [Additional sense.] Geol. A general term in- 

flask irnrtly full of recently boiling water will reinduce hydrated copper antimonate (Cu,Sb.iO 6 .H,.O), that is dicating a subdivision of one of the grander divisions of 

ebullition by the reduction of pressure consequent upon found amorphous, and is probably a mixture. [< geological history; as, Paleozoic lime. 

the condensation of the vapor contained in the flask. TIIHOMBO- + (Jr. lil/tos, stone.] ' tl-mu'cu, ti-mu'cu, n. An csocoid flsh (Tyloxurm ti- 

ther'itio-dln, ther'Hio-dm, n. Chem. A white crys- throm'bo-slii, threm'bo-sin, n. Organic Chem. A mucu) found from Brazil to the Florida Keys, one of the 

tullinu compound (C a U IT NO B )derivedfromurethane,and principle of flbrinogcn, convertible into fibrin. [< needle-fishes. Called also peixe agiiltta. 

used in medicine as an analgetic, antipyretic, and anti- THROMBUS.] " tin, n. [Additional compound.] Btream'*tln", n. Tin 

septic. Called also acetyhparasethoxy^phenyl lire- thrush 1 , n. [Additional phrases.] austral thrush ore of diluvial strata found In lumps. 

thane. [ < (Jr. t/ierirutiiKs, of a warm nature.] [Austral.], a prinopld or shrike-thrush ( C'lillai'iiiciiii-lti hur- tln-cal'con-lte, tin-cal'cen-ait, n. Mineral. A variety 

ther-inou/e-uy, ther-mej'g-ni, n. Same as TIIERMOGEX- WOIMOO) of Australia. Called also 1'ort JacKNoa thrush, of borax in which the proportion of water is in excess 

tlirust'=fault", n. Oeol. A fault caused by compres- of that in the normal mineral. [< Malay tinr/kal, borax.] 
ther-moiii'e-ter, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] - sionof the strata, which thereafter occupy less horizontal tin-da'Io, tin-du'ls.n. [Philippines.] The Philippine cedar 

black'bilb thermometer (.Meteor.i, a thermometer space than before, the hade being toward the upthrow: tln'gl - bl(e, tin'ji-bi, a. Capable of being tinged or 

with bulb blackened to increase the absorption of heat: the most common form of fault. Called also overthrust: stained. 

Snc o"the WoThmnomMeVV u s"d in' a'^hromctCT fa ""- illus tration under FAULT. tln'lck, tln'lc, . [Philippines.] A thorn. 

rtlch Is left d?v- lu'l n thPi- mi i>',. V.thiin'der. squall", n. A thunder-storm character- Tin'ker's=roqt", n. Same as TINKER'S.WEED. 

A tnermonTter which uses fo"^ meas ment of tenl <l by violent gusts of wind. JwSSjfe'iJf'SSS iiJ$i tn^Lkffrt^ ^ ( CaraHX 

peratures the variation, with temperature, of the electrical Thurs'day, n. [Additional phrase.] - Black Thurs- ti ',?* "."",? ,<%,K n S,vi r , rm,^ n 

resistance of a platinum wire. day [Austral.], February 6. 1851, when a terrible confla- " !,,", / Tutui whlrh nrevs nnnnllJ 

ther-mo-neu-ro'.!., ther-mo-niu-ro'sis .. PathoL ^ration swept the province of Victoria. j^nf bird"' name" fiX,".3plJ B W^r%,Sj 

A neurosis, or nervous affection, induced by increased "l > m-ac'e-IIll, Umn-as'e tin, n. Chem. A white recurclrtmtrte of the neighboring inlands Upolu and Savail 

temperatures. [< THERMO- + NEUROSIS.] crystalline compound (Ci 4 H 91 NO 9 ) obtained from nitro- tl'pl, n. [Am. Ind.] Same as TEEPEE. 

ther"mo-tac'ttc, ther'mo-tac'tic, a. Regulative of thymol-ethyl ether by reduction and acetiflcation, and tt-pi'tl. tl-pi'ti, . [Brazil.] A strainer made by the Indians 

body-temperature. [< THERMO- + L. tactus, < tanao, used in medicine as an analgetic, antiseptic, and as a hyp- from strips of the stem of the Jacltara-palm for e ' 

touch.] notic. [< THYMOL + ACETIN.| the ""<*"""" <"! ' ""> mnfi. 1 ..pnnt 

the"ro-inor'phim, thi'ro-mer'flzm, n. Same as THEHO- thy'mlc. ' 

mg several seeds. Of about six species, natives of the thy"re-o-an"tl- tox'In, thai"re-o-an-ti-tex'in tls'sne, n. [Additional phrases.] carbon tissue, a 
tropics, chiefly of the Old World, the most notable Is T. Oraanlc Chem An antitoxin developed in tbvroirt.nni 'S 111 P a P er U8ed ln tn e carbon process. mechanical t., 
populnea, the bcndy.trec, portia^nut oil.plant, or umbrel- somnff rTr,ivi,Vn tnyrom-pol- tne t f isue wh | ch gerve8 to support or 8treil g tnen any part 

la-tree, common on seashores of both hemispheres. [< Or. t liv"rif'ni ilTV'r n mv JhoM buna . Tnvr,rT>n ./ r organ of a p l ant; a8 ' woody " ssue : supporting tissue, 
thexpesiox, divinely sounding.] thy re-oi-dec'to-my, M. Surg. Same as THYROIDEC- tftan-o-sau'rua, tai'tan-o-se'rus, n. Paleont. Ace- 

The-ve'tl-a, the-vl'shi-a or -ve'ti-a, n. Bot. A genus thv"r'e-o-tox'In thai're o tn^'in n A nninon tr> the tiosaurian reptile resembling closely the genus Cetio- 
of shrubs or small trees of the dogbane family (Apocy- "Ins c?f flu "wroi.V [< TH?REO -I Toxm^ saunts ' but <"ffe"ng from it in having prSccelous (in- 

naceae), with alternate leaves, and usually large yellow TI. v -rl<l'l <lii> thni rid'i tltm'tht TFri'i iifi ,, rj Tf n t, m 8tead of amphicoelous) centra in the caudal vertebrae, 
flowers in terminal or axillary cymes. Of half a dozen ITi^SmvISuSS^lSnm^'Sh.^S^lS.UitSS II occurs in the Cretaceous of India and of England, 
species, natives of tropical America, T. neriifoUa, the exile on the whig" hor^o'itil paim^ [< "TANO-' + Gr. sauros, lizardj t" "----+ 

thra-zoMhaFa-zOl, n. Chem. A colorless, highly re- Tliy'rU.lhai'ris or tht'ris, n. 'l. The t^iirai n |enus of {L C n ^ m ln r^muS* tJ!Sn > 
fractile fluid (C a H,NS). [ < THIO- + AZO- + -OL.] ' the family T/iyrididse. 2. [t-] Any thyridoid moth, as nii.a, ,i.n ' n L [N Austra 11 Anolothir 

.^,_ ., A.-^__l_- ! tne mournful thyrls ITAvHi lugiibrie) or the spotted ti''ti-i>ou''ua''mii tSpu'nQ-mri 

thyrl8(7 7 . maculata). [< Gr. thyris, door.] thy'rld$. RIFLEMAN, 1. 

thy'rld-old, a. Of or pertaining to Thyris or tl-to'kl, tl-to'kl, n. [Maori.] A New : 
Thyrididae. tryon excelsum) of the soapberry fai 

hy^ro-I'o-dln, thai"ro-ai'o-din, n. Organic Chem. with large panicles of reddish flowers. ,.,,,, UJIU uc> 


PISM. thyris (T 7 . maculata). [< Gr. thyris, door.] thy'rld*. RIFLEMAN, 1. 

thU"mo-trop'im,thigmo-tr8p l lzm, n. Same as STEBE- thy'rld-old, o. Of or pertaining to Thyris or tl-to'kl, tl-to'kl, n. [Maori.] A New Zealand tree (Alec- 
f^'i'i//" 1 ' 1 /^ 1 '! , * Thyridldx. tryon excelsum) of the soapberry family (Sapindaceie), 

Ilil 10 Tiers' mlx'ture, n 10 ryez . A freezing. thv*ro-l'o-dlii thai'ro-ai'o-din n Ornnnif f'hmt with large panicles of reddish flowers. From Its hardness 

mixture obtained by combining solidified carbonic acfd A nrt*]lh. .l" 'nr".!n rih l"' l^in .S'fw/S and crooW growth. It Is called the New Zealand oak. 

with sulfuric ether.' 

thi'O'>al"co-bol, n. Chem. Same as MERCAPTAN. 

. . . - xens, 

thi"o-u're-u, thal'o-yu'rg-a, n. Chem. Same as SULFO- Ing the fluctuations of the market, as told by the ticker. serving as excellent forage for stock. (2) In Queensland, 

tide, n. [Additional phrases.] acid tide, increase in same aspiTt-Ri. (S) In Tasmania, a plant (Caminla Billar- 

tlllrd rail. Elec. An extra rail that is a conductor, acidity of urine following fasting. alkaline !., increase dieri) of the aster family ( CmnpoNitas). t. white fly, a 
placed on the track of a railway, and from which the In alkalinity of urine following the taking of food. scale-Insect t Alenroden tabaci) which affects the tobacco- 

current is taken to operate the motors of the cars. Used tied'" house", n. A public house, as an ale-house or plant In Europe. 

also attributively as a compound adjective- as & third- other drinking-place, bonded or mortgaged to a brewer tops, tebz , . [Ar.] A common cloth woven of cotton In 
rait system. or distiller as a means of insuring the sale of his liquors 'eiK 1118 of about 10 yards, sold by the Arabs of Kordofan. 

thirMt, n. [Additional sense.] [Colloq S Afr ] A region in preference to others. 1 the Gezira are woven common cotton stuffs, such as tob, 

of unwatcred land; a parched area, devoid of springs or run- tiers'. <!"tat', tySrz'-e'tQ.', n. [F.] The third estate. See d ? m ,'J r ' a ", ( |j e ?- i - S ^ T ,' N PA8HA fire and Su-onl in the findan 
nlng water. under ESTATE, n. ch - * 12 - I E - A - 87 -l 

tlklg'tle, n. [Additional compounds.] this'tletaage", liers'man, n. [Tasmania.] A mountaineer. toe'sraa/'Ker, n. [New Zealand.! A contemptible or 

n. An ornamental perennial sage (Salvia Carctuacea) from tiff 1 , n. Mining. A gangue of lead, zinc, and other worthless person: an opprobrious epithet. 
California, with a simple, stout, scape-like stem, lavender, ores, consisting of calcite (called " glass-tiff ") or barite to'er-oe, t5'er-o, n. A weakflsh, the acoupa. 
colored flowers and thistle-like basal leaves. wooht., " " " "' '' 

n. Same as FRIAR'S.CROWN. 

tho'ma-lte, to'ma-ait, n. Mineral. A variety of sider- 

n>"ti~'si Vn J . 1 nosed shark. See under SHARK*. 

thorn [Additional nh'raiw ptc n ,,n,lv,. ,l,or m Ti-grid'i-a, tol-[or tl-]grld'l.a, n. Sot. Same as TIGER- toK'aiiit"er. tOg'gang"cr, n. [S.-Afr. D.] A commercial 
tf riii 74. i . \ (HI 1 1 1< MM j pnrase, eic.j naiive tnorn FLOWER traveler' trader 

f New Zealand], same as WILD IRISHMAN.- thorn'=let"- tl- s ro'ne", tai-grO'nf or ti-grO'ne', n. Either of two re- toit'wa, 'tcg'wu.'n. [S.-Afr. D.] A travelers' wagon. 

THORN. Same M THORN ' " i.-t..tree,. Same as HAW- qu ie nl - 8 harks: (1) A tiger-sfiark (Galeocerdo tigrinus), to-hun'na, to-hun'ga, n. [Maori.] A sage or prophet; 

, , ,-, o- ,^ .,, 

thoii K ht'.i-ead"inir, n. Same as MIND.RKADIKO. mostly of tropical waters, both Atlantic and Pacific. (3) A to 8 .,^JjSTO;, a .| , Samoa , A nvcatcner (M m nrm , aibi 

tbon'cand.jack'et, n. The New Zealand ribbon- 8na , rk < Carcliarnm mcarayueneis) of Lake Nicaragua to ^,.'/) ' l ' 

wood (Hoheria populnea): so called from the many and its outlet Km San Juan. [< TIGER.] to-la"i.fa-tu', to-lfl-r-ffl-tO', n. [Samoa.] The Samoan 

layers of the bark ti'ifua, ti'gwa, n. [Porto Blco.J A grebe. "robin" (Pelrnli-n piwH/u), a ml.breastcd warbler. 


rityncRux cn/rri'itv) ol Lower California. Caliea also ashy I 1 o"iu-n'e-ra, to ni-n e-ra, n. aoi. same as .MYROXVI.ON. 

thrush and cinerous thrush. -Palmer's t., an Art- ti"je-ril'la, tl'iid'-rl'lyo, n. [Porto Rico.] Same as RUBI- tol"y-py'rln, teri-pai'rin. n. Chem. A colorless crvs- 

mrt,y th oTS *Sa&SaSSSXtt&AJKl^ IMa rl - 1 1T - ] TneCreator. 2. In the &^^^ e |^ e ? l i 1 SS n K 

(Harporhyncti-us crismlui) of Colorado and California- Plural, Idols made In likeness of ancestors. 3. Same as HEI- 1m, ana m dicme as an antmeuralgic, an- 

Ba K e'>thrah"er, n. A bird (Oreoscoptt* montrmiw) of TIKI'. tipyretic, and antirheumatic Called also beta.lolyl. 

the Kocky Mountains living among sage-brush: a superior ti-kur', n. Same as TIKOOR. dlmethyhparazolon and tolylsantlpyrln. [< TOLYL 

singer. Called also mountain mockingbird. Texas tl'las-Ite, tai'las-ait, n. Mineral. A resinous gray + -pyrine, < Gr. pyr, fire.] 

/;,',V nK ,h dt ! lock ' n ' ? r thr " 8h , ( "'' por '' y "'' i 'l'' ) " ff * ro *' magnesium-calcium fluo-arsenaU- that is found massive, tol'y-sal", tel'i-sal', n. Chem. A colorless crystalline 

thi " 8 " lltnwe8te anal B u ? of ^e brown thrasher. called also fluoradelite. compound (C I H, N,O 1 ) obtained by heating tolypyrin 

lircad'liiar, pa. Elec. Designating the process of mag- tile, n. [Additional compounds.] flre'.tlle", n. Same and salicylic acid, and used in medicine as an antineur- 

ictic lines m linking with or passing through an indue- as DUTCH TiLE.-t..pipe, n. Same as TILE, n., 2. algic and antirheumatic. Called also tolvpvrin salic- 

' Clreult - tll'ker-o-dlte, til'Ttsr-o-dait, n. Mineral. A variety yftte. [< TOLTL -f SAUCTL.] 

an = out; ell; In = feud, JJJ = future; c = k; church; db = the; go, sing, ink; so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,from; t, obtoUte; I, variant. 
. &?~ Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 


21 S2 


lom'a-hawk, n. [Additional sense.] [Austral.] A hatchet track. . [Additional phrase.] on track (C'om.), in tnch'ies, trlch [Anglo.Ind.] Cheroots of a brand 

or ax of any kind. transit: said of grain in cars when the Immediate location made at I ricnlnopoll, ISrltish India, tritch'est. 

lo-ma"ta-ku'ru,'ta-kO'ru, M. Same as WILD IRISH- Is unknown. Tri-elill'I-a, trai-kil'l-u, it. Bot. A genus of trees or 

MAN. i ra <lr' ru "m ii-lu*. n. Meteor. A v:irk-tv (if cumn- shrubs of the bead-tree family (Mdiact&}, with pinnate 

lo-iua'lo. n. [Additional phrase.] red-currant to- lus cloud, particularly observable In the southern hemi- or trifoliolate leaves, rather large flowers in axillary 
mo, see CHERRY-TOMATO. sphere ancf wherever trade-winds blow. panicles, and three-celled capsular fruit. [< Gr. trichet- 

ra-ffa'zon. tra-gu'zon, . [Sp. Am.] The purple martin log, three-lipped.] 

~. v . (.Proune 6f*). trl-clil'tls, tri-cui'tis or -kt'tis, . Pathol. Inflamma- 

LM!?*"..; train'joil", n. Same as WHALE-OIL See In table underoiL. tion of the bulbs of the hair. [< Gr. thrix ( f trich-). 
. I ra ni rail . n. An overhea<l rail for a traveling truck j la j r - 


ttathyxtoma, especially the red.mouth grunt, or csesar tncrrv ln(lM\ii>*iiHHv Kiisiviidedi 

(B rimrt/wl !i <i"Icli'old, trie eiti, a. Having the form or appearan 

Ion", n. [Additional phrases.] - ton mile, see under 'Tr^Jn^in'n <"wv> i 4'>!"''nlntiv('' t^'nJiiVtk"! ' of hair - [< Gr. fAri*, hair, +</, form.] 
MILE'.- toiiiinilc cost (Railroading), the mileage cost 8tll( , k] ; w |, lc .|, UM ),, brought to completion by a purchase Tricll-o-sail'Uies, tric-o-sa-i'thiz or -thes, n. Sot. 

to-inin'. tri-mln', 



See in table under WEIGHT. 

I i'late to u'teL n Any hwinulo llih oMh 
lorn laie, tern let, n. An> na 

for freight per ton. 


genus of climbing or trailing annual or perennial herbs or 

loot :i , ". Same as TCTU. 

loot'ed, pa. [Sew Zealand.] Poisoned by the tutu. 

n. A dyna-Trfch"o r e'ma, tric-o-rtt'tor-ste'lma, Sot. 
mometer which measures moving energy during its pas- genas of low, erect, branching, mostly annual or pe 


sage from a dynamic sou'rce"to the' point 'vr'nerfTrfis 5UU herbs of 'the mint family (Latnatse), with oblong, 
applied. lanceolate or linear, nearly or wholly entire leaves, and 

< Gr. tnakotita, thirtv, -\- Mora, seat. 

perennial, clover-like, pasture species of interior Australia, 

tering; rickety; hence, unsettled; liable to be displaced, as SETTLER'S.TWINE*. 

The X. Y. Times Oct. 3, 1901. tread, . [Additional sense.] The pit in which brick- aretoe'mmrwoVuw'of notice.' 

tor"ca-ci'i, ter'cu-tlifta, n. [Sp. Am.] A ground. dove, makers soak their clay before putting it into the pug-mill. [< Gr. trigonoe, three-cornered.] 
to^re-a, t.yre-a,n. n [Maori.] An oyster-catcher.. Tre-cu'H-a, trg-cfi'li-a, n. Bot. A small genus of trlg"o-nel'ltn, trig-o-nel'jn, n. 

. , . , 

lor'op, n. [Local, U. S.] Same as TORUP*. 

tree'irun"ner, n. [Austral.] Any Australian certhloid , 

See under ELECTRIC, a. 
tor"re-fl-ca'tion. n. Sameas TORREFACTION. 

(Cyttnnttpiza drift), the painted bunting, 
i-o'cl i-a. trqi-o'dl-a, n. But. Same as SIEGLINGIA*. 

Chem. A colorless crystalline 

.,,..... ^.y, v u . u ..j r- .-<,-->-./ obtained by passing dry hydro- 

across the Vaal, Orange, and Drakenburg rivers (1835-'38) chlonc acid into a mixture of anhydrous mercaptan and 
which led to the formation of the Orange Free State and methyl-ethyl ketone, and oxidizing the product: used in 

Tor"pe-diii'i-dip, left. [Additional sense.] Same bird of the genus SUMla. Tri-o'di-a, tral-o di-a, . 

aa JCILAPTEBUEID j. trek, n. [Additional phrase.] Great Trek (S.-.-l/r. trl'o-nal, trai'o-nal, n. 

fnr-pe'tlo, /*. [Additional sense.] The electric catfish. Hist.), the migration of the Boer population of Cape Colony compound (C 8 H 18 8,OJ o 

ork] Oct. 27. , p. 268, col. i. u'V 1 ^''' '" ; ur - """', perfoliate, entire leaves, with axillary , 

To'n-fiHt, tes'a-flst, M. [Heli.] A disciple and contlnuator ., i',1,,,.. t_/ tl , ,,/ mn -t,, tn'.,, or clattered, purple, green, or yellow flowers, and hard, 

of Solomon ben Isaac Jarchl, commonly rail,. il Il.ishi dimi tr l < " nl ,!\, '" kutu> tre-mo tu-kil tu, n. Same as WILD drupe-like fruit, enclosing several bony nutlets. Of live 

l?]-U05i^ a commentator on the Talmud. Tn'ii-|iliiM .. tiiTm/hiiV. ri.Mitm,,.] . ,<, l A > v in t, known species, one is Himalayan, two Japanese, and two 

Tos'a-roth, tt.s-a.feth n. pi. IHeb.l Additions to tro !" , bler '"- .[Additional sense.] A torpedinold fish North, American. Of the latter, r.p<-r/-o/im Is the well- 

Itashi s commentary on the Talmud. See TOSSAFIST'. (.\arte or Aarctne orutttliensif) of the \\ est Indies and known feverwort, horse-gentian, or Tlnker's-weed, and T. 

tot'alg-lte, tet'aig-ait, 71. Mineral. A soft light- Brazil, one of the electric rays. angust/foltum, the yellow or narrow.leaved horse.gentlan. 

brown magnesium silicate that is found amorphous, and fen"<'l-la'<'eoiiM, trem'el-lfi'shltmor-lg'ce-UB,a. Bot. [ < Gr. treie, three, + osteon, bone.] 

Of or pertaining to the Tremellacese. [< L. tremeo, tn' phaae, trai'fez, a. Elec. Having or employing 

is closely related to serpentine 
tol'lot, tet'et, . A fruit.plgcon (Plilinopu* rwtoipi/te) 

HASE.] triphase generator, 

in methane, or marsh-gas, are replaced by three phenyl 

de Toiirnefort, French botanist.] 

a'l, n. [Sew Zealand.] 

top and so gro 
as to correct the spherical and chromatic aberrations. 

___, ... . _____ 
tree < Welniannnia ractmona 

Zealand 1 1 An cvenrreen * rl-a <'' e -l ln , trai-as'g-tin, n. Chem. An oily liquid trii>-l<>'l>i-n. trlp-'lo'pi-a, H. Patliol. Same as TBIPLOPT. 
or xi/rw.-0/a) o"f the saxifrage (pt"(Ctl"sOi)) obtitined from cod-liver oil, rats, etc. trl-pod'ic walk. A mode of locomotion of hexapod 

L< TKI- -)- ACETIN.] 

insect**, in which three legs, the median of one side and 

. whose bark IH used for tanning. '2. 


tox"i-eo-gen'Ic, tex"i-co-jen'ic, a. Poison-producing. 
< TOXICO- -)- Gr. giynotnni, become.] 

tox'o-phore, tex'o-for, n. Chem. A supposed group 
of substances existing In alexin or cytase, the latter 
being one of the two complements in the cytolytic com- 


Triadtnum, altemating with the three sets of stamens, drons. [< TRI- 4- RHOMBOHEDBON.] 
The^gcnu8^contaln8_only two Bpecies L both of which belong Trl-se't U n l , trai-si'tum or tri-8e'tum, n. Bot. A genus 

lit 50 

species, widely distributed* from the'arctlcs through moun- 

p " , ..,' tain regions In the tropics to the south temperate zone, 

'"~ a r ll ": u ?' trai-ar tnrns, n. Vrtlft. A genns of 10 are North-American, and arc designated as oal-aramet 
tnlobites of the Ordovician, allied to the paradoxids of by the United States Department of Agriculture, 
the Cambrian : _the only trilobite known which exhibits [< L. Ire*, three, + seta, bristle.] 

tn*" lili.- i.V/1 . . i the Cambnan: the only trilobite known which exhibits [< L. tref, three, + seta, bristle.] 

i r,h i! >- la ^ 1 . n ' te: ixm, n. Organic Chem. antenna:, and of which the limbs are perfectly preserved. Tris-ha'tti-on, n. Same as TRISAOION. 

ixm or alexin, counteractive of bacterial poisons. [< Gr. treis, three, -f arthron, joint.] Xrls-la'nI-a.tris-te'Ior-ta'Jni-a.ri. Bot. 1., 

^ TmCtC. -i- I'll VI a v r u 1 '"irf _._n . .._,_ . ..i, .--".i f .1 ,,, , 

_ - PHTLAXIH.] trl'bad-iam, trai'Lad-izin, " n. ' Pathol. Sapphism frees or tall shrubs of the myrtle family ^J^r<oa), with 

-o zin, tex'o-so'zm, n. Organic Chem. A [< Gr. tribai, nibbing 1 alternate, rarely opposite leaves and yellow or white flow- 

ozm or alexm counteractive of bacterial poisons. [< trl-but'y-rln, trai-buVi-n' 

but'i-rin, n. Organic Chem. Butyrin. 

trees, long incln 
m, the 

hC 8ame M 


trl-cer'a-topa, tral-ser'Q-teps, n. 

ceratopeid dinosaur having a hom-t^ . ... m 

addition to two bovine horn-cores. The cranium may be timber. See w 

. , TRI- + BUTTRIN.l 

A monotypic genus of Irl-crr'x-topK. troJ-ser'Q-teps, n. Paleont. A giant 
in Madura. Its one species, T. ceratopsid dinosaur having a horn-core on the nose, in 

. oppoi 

ere in axillary, stalked clusters. Of about 12 species, na- 
tives of the Indian archipelago and Australasia, T. nerit- 

folia, the water-gum. Is cultivated for ornament, and T. 
conferta, one of the Australian turpentine-trees, attaining 
a height of 150 feet. Is prized for shade and for Its valuable 

iis genus. [< Tristan, Portuguese 

sofa, firm, gsk; at, fare, accord; element, er = over, Sight, = usage; tin, machine, g = renew; obey, nS; net, n*r, atm; fall, rttle; but, bom; aisle; 
tar Cross-references to words In the Addenda are Indicated bj an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

trftomite 2183 unplaced 

trlt'o-mite, trit'o-mait, n. Mineral. A resinous dark- tu"bl-flo'roug, tiu'bi-fU>'rus, a. Sot. l.Tubuliflo- TT 

brown fluosilicate of thorium, tlie cerium and yttrium rous. 2. Of or pertaining to the Tubiflorse. 

' ' 

, . 

metals, and calcium with boron (2(II..Na I .Cu)8iO 3 .(Oe. lu'bisr, tu'big, n. (Philippines.] Water. u-a'u, u-u'u n Same as UUAU* 

La.Ui.Yt)BO 3 ), that crystallizes in the hexagonal system. tuf-la'ceout, tuf-fe'Bhins, a. Of or pertaining to tuff. ud"dc-vai'llte, ud'g-val'ait, n. Mineral. A 
[< Gr. trilomof, thrice cut.l See TUFF". O f jimenitc in which the proportion of ferric 

Trl"um-let'ta, trai-um-for Wum-]fet'a, n. Hot. A tu'ijf. tu ig, . ITU IO-E, pi.] [S.-Afr. V. I A harness. greater than in the normal mineral. 

' ' 

oxid is 

widely distributed in tropical regions. [< G. B. TrionfeM, scented flowers. The eight or nine species are natives We M . ure the friends who have supplied worsted mufflers 

It. botanist.] of southern and tropical Africa. helmets or uhlan caps, wristers and mittens that their gifts are 

tro-chlf 'er-ous, tro-kif'gr-us, a. Having a wheel- tu'li, tu'H, ; [Samoa.] The Paclflc godwlt (Limosa lap- highly valued by seam, especially upon coaaiii.jt and fishing 

-o-kif'er-us, a. Having a wheel- tu'li, tu'H, . [Samoa.] The Paclflc godwlt (Limosa lap- highly valued by seamen, especially upon coasting and 

liv*. onrnn aa mnst rotifers f *- fir tftvhns wheel 4- l>onic(l butieri}. vessels. Jbport qf JQpiMOpal Cfty JKiafo* BMto 

A5CT eel ' + tu''H / a"lo ! i I'lo,tu-ll.a-lo-ma-ia'15,. [Samoa.] u Ig' U e, wlg'ait, n. Mineral. A prarly-white hydrate 

Tro.choph'0-ra, tro-cefo-ra, n. pi. Helminth. Same as tu^i^lo^aM^^yA'-^va'ltt. n. [Samoa.] The a^uminum-calcium-sodium silicate that is found in 

tu " 11 =o" lo-va' lu, tu n-o io-va lu, n. iamoa.j me ]*, nf jatni a 

BOTIFERA. brlstly-thighed curlew uv,, /IK fenioraHf). 

trol'ley=harp", n. Etec. The forked support that tu "li = o>tau" ira-ln'n, uvii-i>.'tairi{<i-liVci,n. [Samoa.] u-In'tali-Ite, yu-m'ta-ait, n. Mineral. A variety of 

holds the trolley-wheel at tlie end of a trolley-pole. The Asiatic golden plover ( Chur'tdriii* t'ulriift). asphalt common in Utah. Called also gilaonite. [< 

trom'bloll, trem'blen, . An ancient form of firearm tll'llp, . [Additional phrases, etc.] native tulip: (1) Ulnta/l Mts., Utah.] 


oi.-uf , . . -. 

one of the trumpet.nshes. tuna), often cultivated in greenhouses, and a Tasmanlan utt'scuild-den, eit'shud-en, n. IS.-Afr. D.] In South. 

troop'cr, n. [ Additional sense.] [Austral.] Amounted species ( T. fruncata), the name <//> being :a corruption African warfare, stripping a prisoner of his clothing by the 

polfceman. of the generic name K/opeo.- tu'lip^molrf", n. Bot. A Boers for their own use. 

Tro-usc"o-la'ce-ie, tro-pfo-le'se-f or -pS'o-lu'ce-e, n. ruinous mold producing, at flrst, ollvc.brown velvety U i t / Mpnll v , elt'span' ,v. & n. [S.-Afr.D.] SameasouTspAN. 

' ' 

ot. An order of plts madby some botnists for 

the single genns TrooKOtum, which is usually included in cesslvely, mostly on t lie outside of the bulb. 

. - 

I.OGY 1 priest and headmen of Cuhon went to attend a feast, PHIA. 

troii'ti'n iilin.n> trof'o nla/m n Rial 1 The nutri h ' ' jr e ! M8 '7 leaving the gate of their stronghold unlocked, ul'cer, n. [Additional phrases.] Cochin=(:hina ulcer, 

iroptt O-pia&m, tit . o-piazm, . JSWi. 1. II During their absence a band of titlisanes entered the place, pjnwfLn , n onmp HH ATIWM in ^w 

tive substance of the Cell, as distinguished from the walkej into the fort, and carried off an iron box containing six- ../"I" 1 * 1 *?!"'; M V^ vn^, r Vl^m,^ th?'mn j>,,U lf J 

chromoolasm 2 The kinetic substance of the cvto- teen thousand dollars. WORCESTER Tlie mitwtne Islands ch. u ler-y-Uie'ma.ju lyr-i-tnl mopr-the ma,n Jutliol. 
Kti,,.r thfn thV r, hnninir r ^ r!i>. . PP- *8*-86. IMACM. 1901.] A disease of the skin in which there is clcatrix-forma- 

SSi.1 archoplasm. [< TBOPHO- + tu ,^,, ta . ku t , TU tfl .^tv.w^ n . [M aorl.] Sot. Same tion and atrophy [< Or. ouK, cicatrix + ERYTHEMA.] 

,,l.".> QT 'I trfntaT'i , Pnitivp r-hpmntjiiiH as WILD IRISHMAN. Called also I iiiiu.luitowr} . Cor-u-li'li. fl-ll'li, n. L Hawaii. ; The common tattler (Heterac- 

tropll p-tax'Is, tref o-tax is, n. Positive chemotaxis rupt ed Into matairory. tre-iiia"lu=ku'rut. tiOt incanui): so called In Kaual. 

in which the exciting agent is a food as well as an ex- Tu'ini-on, Uii'ml-on, n Sot. Same as TOKKEVA. Ul-ma'ri-a, ul-me'[o;- -rig']ri-a, n. Bot. A genns of 

citant to the organism. [< TROPUO- + Gr. taxis, order.] tu"mn"lo', tn'mQMO'. n. [-Li.pi.] [Malta.] Aland-meas- perennial herbs, usually regarded as a section or sub- 

I ro'plsm, tro'pizm, n. That quality or fact in an organ- ure equal to l.ail roods. genus of Spirsea, from which it is separated by some 

ism by which it tends to alter the direction of its growth, tune, vt. [Additional sense.] Elec. To adjust (a re- botanists on account of its usually more numerous pistile 
[< Gr. tropos, turning.] ceiving-apparatus for wireless telegraphy) so that it will that become indehiscent one- to two-seeded capsules in 

troub'le, n. [Additional sense.] Mining. Any in- respond to vibrations of a certain desired rate. fruit. U. rubra, queen-of-the-prairie, is the same as 

terruption, to a greater or less degree, of the full size or tuned, tiund, pa. Elec. Having or exhibiting resonance; Splrxa lobata; and U. Ulmarla, queen-of-the-meadows, is 
continuity of a coal-seam, as by a fault. as, a tuned circuit. the same as s. Ulmarla. [< L. ulmns, elm.] 

trout, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] Blackiston's tun'gan, tun'gau. n. [Philippines.] A tiny, almost micro- U"lo-bor't-de, ytt'lo-bSr'i-dt or -d6, n. pi. Arach. A 
trout, same as ITOUWO. Kniiiloapg t., a trout (&tlmo scoplc red tick which rapidly burrows Into one's flesh, pro- family of spiders allied to the Dictynictle, that make 
tnliieri tamtoopt} of Kamloops Lake and other lakes ducing an Intolerable Itching. If not at once dislodged. It fl^ir we bs of curled threads in regular form, including 

d8 %^&&xft^$m 


ntroduced Into eastern rivers. tun'ny, n. [Additional phrase.] little tunny, any but are widely dii 

moun'taimtfout", n. 1 . Same as YAMABE*. i. Same scombroid flsh of the genus Oymnosarila, especially G. deadly bite.] u- ,_._... 

as KOKOPU*. truckee t., a trout (Salmo mi/kixn henxhn- alleterata. u'loid, yG'leid, a. Resembling a scar; designating a 

tot} of the Columbia river. Von Behr t., the brown trout tu-pa'ra, tu-pfl'ra, n. [Maori.] A double-barreled gun. false or merely apparent cicatrix. [< Gr. ow/2, cicatrix, 
(Salmo fario} of northern Europe, brought Into various tu'pong, tQ'peng, n. [Austral.] A percophoid flsh (Avfi- _(_ eidos form I 

lakes In the United States. yellow spotted 1., achar ritis baii) found In the waters of southern Australia. n .| nl ./,.hn. 1 rv 'vu-lr'a-ll n Same as m OKRHAOIA 
(Salvelinu* kundtcha} of Japan, the awemasu.- Yellow- Called also frexkwater flathead and inarbl.vlisli. .'"J hfi* foi j um'bei aid a Tint Kesembnns- an 
9 tp n et.,samea80DTTHROAT.TROCT' ; . . . tu-pu'na,tu. P n'na,n. [New Zealand.] An ancestor, male u h ", el rl,,U^ -r l' 

Iru'cha, tru'cha, n. [Sp.Am.] A mugilold flsh (Agonosto- or female. wi Um //il . ^ L I M " E ! X + ~ OID 'J. ,,... 

mua nojnitus) of Central-Amerlcan rivers and northward, tnr"bo-geii'cr-a"tor, tur-bo-jen'er-e'ter, n. Elec. Um"bel-lu-la'rl-a, n. [Additional sense.] Bot. A 
one of the mullets. A dynamo that is directly connected with a turbine, monotypic genus of trees of the laurel family (Laura- 

trul'lo, trfll'o, n. [TRUL'LI, pi.} Archeol. An early usually a steam-turbine. [< TURBINE + GENERATOR.) a), with alternate, lanceolate-oblong, strongly scented 
stone structure of southern Italy similar to the Sardinian tur" bo - nio' tor, tor'bo-mo'ter, n Same as STE^M- leaves, and umbels of greenish-yellow flowers. U. Cali- 
noragli and serving a like purpose. [< LL. trullus, TURBINE. f arnica, the California laurel or sassafras, Its one species, 

dome, < L. trulla, trowel.] trud'doi. tu"rf-ca'ta, tiYri-cfl'ta, n. A Mexican tick (Argas Is sometimes cultivated for ornament. 

......._(.._. _____.._ ' * i " l.i. I _l I /...-., lib tim*Kal_n. 

trum'pet-er : whi ; 'tini[, 'n. [Austral.] A flsh (Slllago turicata) having a venomous bite. um"bel-lu-llT'er-ou8, um-bel-n-lif'er-os, a. Bo/. 

6aenM) common In the coast-waters of New South Wales. tur'keysbuz"zurd, n. [Additional sense.] Same as Bearing umbelluleg. [< VMBELLULE + L.fero, bear.] 

lrniik'lili",n. [Additional phrases.] spotted trunk- QROUND-HOBNBILL. Called also wild turkey. lim-brel'la, n. [Additional compounds.] um-lirel'la= 

fiMh, an ostracioid flsh (Ijirtophrtjft bicawlalis) of the tur'mer-Ic, n. [Additional senses.] 1. The turmeric- bunh", n. A small, bushy Australian tree (Acacia Ox- 
West Indtes.-tbree.angled t., any ostraciold flsh of tree (Zieria Smitlm) of Australia; the Tasmanian stink- toaldl}, with a hard, close-grained wood, and suitable for 
the genus Lartoptirys. wood 2 An Australian pverreen shrub (Halttn ilar- shadeor for tall hedges. n,: tree, n. [Additional senses. 

try'ker, trai'kgf, n. Same as TRICKBIOH. tSEL.\ 1. An Australian tree (Knumvi aclinoahijlla} of the gin- 

Try"pe-U'nte, trai'pg-tai'nt or trfpe-ti'ne, n. pi. ,_2_?Hn_' tnrn'rfim <5m Ti-wni. 8en p faml 'y (.Aralinceie}. with digitate leaves set like urn- 

Entmn. A subfamily of muscid dipters having fte {"r'lilo T\dd^Uonal comMmids t tur'nio-louse" brella ; rlb - "i. The uuibrella.bush. 

wings beautifully marked with dark Bpota or banfs, in- **% a me as' TCR>rp.A?mD ^wooa~. Thetlmtar of -Pr'- a ' nm-Pir'ic-al, a. Such as bcfite an umpire; 
cluing the apple-maggotcTVj^toixwSo^a), the round Ji ISSraTfanYre^ l^DymSflon'M^i} "of Te S'tree , ' m P artla l^ un P re J"^f ; as ' an '^^ J"^' 1 "? 1 ' 
goldenrod-gall (Trypeta soliitayinit), and the orange-fly family (MeliacfSB)-. also, that of a tree (Akanta tJillii) of u'nar, yu'nar, . Phot. An objective made of Jena 
(Tryneta ludem) Try-pe'ta, n (t e ) [< Or trv- the soapberry family (Supinilacese). glass and composed of two dissimilar systems of two 

pUte, border ] try'pet-ln(e, a tur'pen-tlne, n. [Additional phrase, etc.] brush tur- lenses each, the lenses of the systems not being cemented 

1 1 \ i>'i,i-i>hn M trln'to-fan n Oradntr Chrm, Same an pentine, either one of two Australian trees (Syncarpia together. [< L. units, one.] 
I-KOTEV^K-HUOMCKJEN* T Melroiddero* leptopetala and Klimlamnia trinerriii}, un"cl-na-rl'a-slM, unVi-na-rai'a-sip, n. Pathol. A 

186-vo'a, tse-vo'a, M. [Heb.] Fonnerly, a kind of ethical S n rf rt l^ e ^Trt\^ y JiKSl2i2!Siff 0r ^ er r4^ l nf' disease of the southern United States, resulting from 
testament, summarizing his own moral experience, left by a j SniMTftw nne ? vlrlfml \!, llkn eiir alv-nta infection by a round worm ( Undnaria atiKncatia) : gen- 

Jew to his children, ze-wa'aht. or ?,ther tr,. vli'kilr J a r7n- n -el ,m i? The tallow erall y confounded with malarial fever. [ < UNCINARIA. j 

tuit/uitk dlt'lfh n n/ Katnu aa TTTTTH or o[iuT i n es \ H'Hiiiip a resin; especinnv : ( i ) i ne tallow- * .. . // ./i 

Hit'Hitn, sit zltn, n. pi. bame as ZIZITH. wood (Eui-ali/ritiiHmicrocort/HJ (2) The nlck()rv-eucalvptus un"ci-lla"rl-at'Ic, a. 

tu"ai-me'o, tu'al-mC'O, n. [Samoa.] The female of the tjUueab/etut maictata). (3) The apple.seented gum-tree un'der-dralit"ase, n. Drainage by means of an 

./,-* R, (EucalyjHiiH Ktunrtiana). 2. [New Zealand.] The tarata. underdrain. 

i*2'rilr tn'fi'rek- e r A^mnhl'r of n?i?^if the "Nnrtb t" r - u oise'=ber"ry, n. Same as SOLOMON'S-SEAI.'. uil'der-flow", n. [Additional sense.] (led. The 
frt^r^b^^^ waterflowingbcnenth,hebedsof.river 8 ,anda, W ,,,nder 

(Liliacese), growing in tufts and used for thatching and ,- ( 

ir t , i f 

ipplncs], a mlid alcoholic drink made from the sap of coco- ^&j'*?"J5jl,Sin ' t Samoa -] A malefrult.plgeon . 

nut-trees. ni''tii !<i li'li tii-tii mn it'll n rsamn. i The hia.-k uii"der-tlirtist', n. Geol. A deformation produced 

tube, n. [Additional phrases.] - end=on tube, a l Vus'h "ve:'Jla,mwfS] i ' [Samoa - ] The black on immediately underlying strata by an advancing over- 

- . 

may be viewed through the ends of the tube.-IIittorf , p ~ ' k - ', ,. ,, r r t - adinn lei thrust.plane, or an overturning or crushiiiK of the strata. 

t. (Elfc.), a highly exhausted tube with electrodes nearly aeepre\ersiiKe tnose 01 an evening urtss coat, a ainntr- fmSSaiaa fm-m I .Vdditiravil termH ! u"ni-"-cii'. 

In contact; also, sometimes, a Crookcs tubc.-t. of force jacket: for evening wear on occasions of little ceremony. n "V^I ,! ^/. , -i/i,. S Samfas MO?. 

(Elec.}, a tubular space In a field of electric force.- two- L< Tuxeao, N. Y.] cU?-u"ni Dc"r~i ,,.1'ie' n HartnSa sIn K Te"d sne' 

penny t. (tup'en-f ) (Colloq., Kng. ], any one of the series t wen'ty=elg;b.t", n. An Australian parrakeet (Platy- clflcally, in electricity, o? or pertaining to an aiternatmg 

UD r>u " d c ' e tr ' railways operated m Lon- cercus seinUwualm: named from its note. current that comletes a ccle in a second. Such a current 

., . , ., . ccay, n , o 

H, H UD f ? r li >u f " d c ' e tr '9 railways operated m Lon- cercus seinUwqualm): named from its note. current that completes a cycle in a second. Such a current 

s dlstlngulshi-d from the Metropolitan and Metropoll- twine'=bush" , n. [Austral.] An evergreen shrub (llakea never occurs in practise.- u'ni-phase, n. Klv. Same 

tan District railways fexUU}. SCCHAKKA'. as siN(iLE.pHA8E.-u"iii-plia'Ber, w. Elti: same as 

tu'-ber-a'ceous, tm bgr-e'shius, a. Bot. Of or per- two'pen"ny tube. [Colloq., Eng.] See under TUBE*. SINOLE.PHASEK*. u'ni-type, n. A form of typesetting. 

taming to the Tuberaceae. t^vo'sstep'', n. [U.S.] A round dance In a/4 or common machine operatable by one person. 

1u"ber-cu-la"rl-a'ceou, tifi-bgr-kiu-le'ri-C'shins, time; also, a musical composition adapted therefor. u'nl-cum, yu'ni-cu:n, . P/iot. A lens-shutter of two 

a. Bot. Of or pertaining to the Tubercularlacese. ty of dUlnctlon"' tCnlnook - ] A chlcf or h<la<1 lnan; an >' Dod y blndes only, the apertures formed by them being at tlrst 

tu-ber"cu-lo-cl'den, tiil-ber'kiu-lo-sai'den, n. Or- t v 'ln tni'hiM i Tn wl morlinn plovntinn ipor tho elliptical, then circular. Back of the shutter-blades is 

' ' " an S.hmm b which an desired size of sto can be 

ganic Chem. An albumose derivable from tuberculin, * V "t o t, e he ml Jf certain hen ter u i,"ec s [ < "r an "&S^" I F 1 "^ wblc , h ", ny deslred Blze of 8top ca ' 1 be 
and used similarly irom 01 tni, nu cts. L< ir. obtained. [< L. unicm, single.] 

"Jhe ffi' SS'W' " rT" iC C f m ' A Pr teid f tym^^to'ne", timp'-ston"^. Metal. A large clay plug "?& fait.Sy^^ac^'ylela'.t'Tfl^c^t 
-^ ,,! , '. . term ' t* TUBEK 'J filling an open space in the front jackets of a smelting- timber. It Is the only species of the genus. Is a native of 

u bl-Ho'rae, tm'bl-flo'rt or -re, n. pi. Bot. A group furnace, through which the tap-hole passes. Queensland and New South Wales, and fias opposite, pinnate 

of orders of plants, so called from their more or less tu- type'-llfe", n An organism that represents in its life leaves and terminal panicles of flowers. 

bular corollas, including, according to one classification, and development all other instances of the same order u'nl-pede, a. & n. Uniped. See under UNI-. 

the flve orders Convoleulaeese, Polemoniaceae, Hydro- or line of descent- a typical form u'nitflux. Same as UNIT MAGNETIC FLUX. See UNIT. 

pfiyllacese, Borqginacese, and Sdanacese. In another tyr'o-glyph, tir'o-glifTn. Any mite of the genus Tyro- un-placed', nn-plSst', pa. 1. Not placed or arranged; 

classification, this group is known as Pokmonialee. [< glyphus, as the cheese-mite confused. Z. Not holding a position under government. 

L. tuba, tube, +Jtos, flower.] tza'd'di, n. Same as TSADE. 3. Sport. Not among the first three, as in a horse-race. 

an = out; ell; lu=fed, |fl = fntre; c = k; church; dli = the; go, sing, ii.ik: so; thin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,from; t, obtolete; t, variant. 
1&~ Croas^references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

unvoice 2184 

shrubs of the aster family (Cbmpowi*), with alternate 

repetition by an insane person of words and phrases in 

ur'blf-l-ca'Uon, th-bif-i-k8'shnn, n. The tendency nor thwestern America, Is cultivated for ornament. [< ver w rll _ Bn / t( , yeru-ga to, n ip Am j Any one 01 uiree 
toward cities, or the growth of cities at the expense of capt. Vanrourer, English navigator.] fishes of the family Sriapwidz: (1) A flsh (Jfi<-rpoo /ur- 

rural district* va"ri-a-men'te, va'rf-fi-men If, ado. [It.] Jfus. In a nfer() Qf (he goutnern i_' n tted States and Soutli.Amertcan 

I r , i -ii-li'na ur'se-o-lai'na or -ce-o-H'na, n. Bot. varied manner. -,jiHm. in coasts. (2) A flsh ( Micropogon ecte net) found on the Mex- 

- of amarvllids known as urnflowers. See var"I-co'ts, var'i-cO'sis, n. Patlwl. A condition in lcan Paclflc coast, (3) A flsh (Menticirrhus elongutiu) 

which there are varicose veins. found off the tropical American Pacific coast. 

ii"~. n?lV. L vfl'redlne-'lli or OTed-l-na'Ws, n. pi. va-rt'e-ty, n. [Additional phrase.] - cultura varl- ver"U-cIl-la't, vcr-tl-sil-lc'tt or -cil-lg'te, n. pi. Bot. 
'as r KEI>I v KK ety, a variety occurring In agriculture or horticulture, as An old jjnnjean natural order equivalent to the Labials. 

p^ m J,?!rt'naSrn.ncL n. Bot. A.genns of herbs dts^gulshed'from one <currlng In a w Id or uncultured f< ^ rfrlMa ,^ whirl.] 

:\KI, IMS var'nlsb.'tree", n. [Additional sense.] Tne unmese bladder] 

rhapKi, suture.] tnng-tree (Alwrites cordate) of the spurge family (Eu- ve t'er-an, . [Additional sense.] Forestry. A tree 

Ur-eln'e-a, nr-jm'e-o i or ; -gin'M, n. -Bo<. A gei phm-oiacex), whose seeds yield an oil used for varnish. over 8 feet in diameter. SeepoLE'.n.; SAPLING; SEED- 
of bulbous plants of the lily fa niljr^maceaKaii var / no .i eUe , vQr'no-let, n. A composition of resinate LINO , ., 2; STANDARD', n. 

F. Art tiva Is the common vetch of cultivation, and r. Cfiicra 
i the blue or tufted vetch or cow-vetch. V. Fttba Is the 
an, which has large white fragrant flowers. 

Sof e f n o U rms r SS 'o?'foS"?misis y tmg"of U 'long MVySSm^S^S^t A" chemical element 

Wlllli" BIDDOD EOrTQB lotD/tWM c)i Or I OrillS UUIUUBUUK Ul nni_, - _**_ ITI-MI; j-i i.-,, J_ 1CH1O .,^ ( v. .... 

.~ . rooxc con 

tion of the urine. [ < Or. ouron, nrine, + TOXIC.] and usually extensively branched filaments, made up of SSH5~ ll H. 1 SL monl , Its nronertics are i ulwnv 

u-rox'ln, yu-rex'in, n. A crystalline derivative of numerous cells without partitions. This is one of the called proYB.onally monium. Ite prop ert m ulwaj masses hetween yttrium and terbium, and its atomic weight u 

i-rox'in, vu-rex'in, n. rt crynuuuuc numerous CIMIH wunoiu pariiuuiiB. i *- **-;. on,* t^Mi, on,f ita ntmi/ U7*>i<rt 

alloxan. Calfed also alloxantln. [ < URIC + ALLOXAN.] most common of the green algse, found In felt-like masses between yttrium and terbium, and its atomic weigt 

rr"tl-oa'le ur'ti-ke'ltz or -ca'les, n. pi. Bot. A of coarse filaments In shallow water and on muddy banks, about 11*. [< Queen Victoria.} 

^g^oVp of ofcSp.anVt'neuriical'or nettle group- an^often^alled^n fel|- COVL :- ^^ ''^'^^^fi-^^i ^C3^ti^ 
embracing the four families O(ico<:a>, Vlmacex, Mora- P; J- I*- '-J L < SSV_ r a ohabet one of the barracudas. 

a, and C'annoWneas, the nettle, elm, mulberry, and vav, >flv, . et. Tid , du ., v | d . fl ., (Heb confession of sin, occurring 

hemp families respectively. These, however, are them- Its numerical valui. is six. waw ;. _in,i__ 4 --_.i.^ as a part of the public service on the Day of Atonement, 
selvw grouped by some systematise, with a change of ve'a, ve'a, n. [Samoa.] A rail (.Hvpotxntdm pkUtpptncnsb) . and privately when a Jew Is near death. wid'du-U. 
termination as tribes of one order, the nettle family, L'rti- veg'e-ta-ble, a. [Additional phrases, etc. ] vegetable T i_ e 'ja, vi-e"Ha, n. [Sp. Am.] A scaroid flsh, especially the 
cacea which Is accordingly coextensive with Urttatlet. [< sethiopx, a charcoal made from the rockweed (Fucuti blue parrot-fish (Sparltoma clrri/mpterum} of the West 
L urttca, nettle.] vestculoxun). vear^e-ta-blescat'er-pil''^^?*. LAus- indies and the oldwife parrot-fish (Srarus vftula). 

ur'tl-C'anl, ur'ti-cant, a. Blol. Stinging; organized tral.] Any one of various caterpillars which, inconsequence v l'c-rlll, vai'g-rin, n. Chem. A white amorphous com- 
or modified for stinging. [< L. uriico, sting, < .rtko. &+& $SKS&i3fi3f3L PSL^Sttl "In* nsed'in "medicte ^ SfSSSSf 

.^ine' *.'. . [F., A factory; spedficaHy, a West- SB&JaSSgaSJS^lJflB &fffBSS& ^^^^"c^O^S^A^ 

Indian and^A' Tn,iU,ri In Australia Cailed vier'kleur, vtr'klnr. n. [S.-Afr. D.] The four-colored 

u"ne-a'ceo UB , OZ -ne-8'shius, a. Bot. Of or pertaining St?%lnSSMSfelB2r. O^Kr New Zea and names are flag of "tbe^'south African Republic: marked by redl.lue, 
to the genus Umea. anuhr "otote : and weri Compare AWETO* and CORDY- and white horizontal stripes, with a green perpendicular 

U"ll-fag"l-na'ce-e, ns'ti-laj'i-ne'se-I or fis'ti-lQ-gi- CEPS'.'-V. mercury, a Brazilian shrub (Francixcea uni- stripe next to the staff ..... .. , .. 

nu'ce-e, n nt Bot. A group of smut-fungi, typical of flora) of the flgwort family (ScraphulnrltKrit), whose root vle"tlng;-lio>rite, vl tmg-hef'ait, n. Mineral. A fer- 
the larger group Vstilaginales of some botanists. [< and leaves are used by the Portuguese medicinally like rilginous variety of samarsklte. 
T>TIIAOOI UB"ti-la""I-na'-eou, a mercury. vlew'.flnd"er, n. Phot. An appendage to a camera 

l*"ti-ina''i-na'le, us'tI-laj'l-n6'Hz or fls'ti-lg'gl-ng'les, vehm, ffim, n. Same as VEHMGERICHT. which duplicates in miniature upon a specially prepared Sot. Same as HEMIBASIDII*. vein, n. [Additional phrases, etc.] chambered veins screen the view to be photographed, and by means of 

u'lu. u'tu, . [Maori.] 1. Satisfaction or payment for Injus- (Geol.), mineral veins filling large areas of space In rup- which the camera is more conveniently adjusted, 
tice committed. !. Payment, as for services; recompense, tured rocks. linked veins ( (ieol.1, mineral veins linked 

family (ii/iaa) with a short pe 
nate, "perfoliate, or sessite leaves, 

;rennial rootetock, alter- In accordance with the sublimation theory. See under jncjuded in DMchos, but now separated from it for ita 

* and droouinc vellow- SUBLIMATION. cylindrical pods, which are also constricted and par- 

ish-usuaily solitary, bell-shaped 'flowers^ith ! iment.- T "' n . f' v yfll> "' [ Addltlonal ease -l Geo1 ' S<aae " tftioned between the seeds. Of its 30 species, nativefof 

of perianth distinct. The five or six species, natives of ve |j n. ' [S.-Afr. D.] [Additional terms, etc.]- veld'* ^|"?kf^2!?^^I^^!u>^Tv^ n ^^?!!, O K5n i3i 

eastern North America, are known as bell worts. [< L. cor-net", n. A military magistrate.- veld'heer", H. A cw .S/iien*., Is the cow.pea. [< Domlnico V igna, botanlsl 

tita, grape.] general commandant, veld'wne"ter, . A rural guard. JJ 

vl-loc'l-ty, n. [A!" 1 " ' ' ' -" 

Vlocity (ifeteor.~i, a v 
enough to justify a 

vaal, val,7. [S.-Afr.D.] A valley. TeKre, n. [Additional compounds.] vel'vet=bean", viri-h' / er,Vri-f<i[-er, n. One who vilifies or defames 

./...,. vrf - I.A^w ^- rtfff ,?-.(^J^y n . An annual climbing herb i&urunHUttltv, with a stem another. 

mS ' sometimes 50 feet long, recently Introduced Into Florida for vll'lage, a. [Additional phrase.] village settlement, 

ij.V.iiti i inn .,,,.., cultivation on account of Its reputed feeding and fertilizing a system or policy of governmental settlement of small 

va-ra'tloll, n. [Additional phrase.] long vacation value gee Mt-crSA.- T ..bnr, B. A tropical American communities on land owned and worked by the families In 

T i i perennial herb (Prlra Khinata) of the vervain family common, first adopted In New Zealand, and subsequently 

the higher courts, bet ween Trinity and Michaelmas terms, f><T'wnrj<-e), having Its Inflated, membranous, fruiting in Australia 

(luringAugust. sptein;>er and October ,,..., calyx covered with bristly hairs. vln'e.gnr-oon", vln'e-gar-nn', n. Same as VINEOERONK. 

V *'v/rr^^ U m l aTo/w^ 1 found' along th'e troDlcal Ami'-lcan ven-aw'qulte, ven-as'kft, n. M^ral. A variety of vin'la, vln'ta^n. [Philippines.] A variety of flshlng-boat. 

Pacific coast, one of the croakers ottrelite that contains no manganese. [< Venasqm, From beneath the nipa thutches of the ninfoj, bright turbaned 

Vac"n-om'e-ter t vac'yu-em'e-ter, n. An apparatus Spain. J beada appeared and voices were heard. 

for comparing barometers at different pressures with the ven"da-val', ven'da-vgr, n. [Sp.] Meteor. 1 . A strong The Outlook NOT. 3, ItOO, p. 579, col. 1. 

standard barometer. [ < VACUUM + -HETER.) thunder a'nd'vlolent'wtnd^'a Mexfcan' us'"' cnaracterlzed by Tl'o-let-mldge", n. Any cecidomyiid insect whose 

T f'xt l ri "u l m nd *" UePde ' Ta ' t r - |Qnd8 - lff '' 1 S' " t 8 -' Alr - D -] ven"e-niric, ven-e-nif'ic* a. Producing poison; poi- grubs mature in violets, especially Vecidomyto vMse and 
vi ' rommna i A wn ntp bird nr tt-r..r ,TV.. sonous. [< L, twwnum, poison, 4-/octo, make.] 0. oMnis. 

(f*>'lloUmnZ< cl^r^i ""' l atCT crake ven'ln, ven'in, n. Orgamc Chem. An indeterminate vl-oPle, vi-el'e, n. A photometric unit equivalent to 

\ a-le"rl-a-nel'la, va-11'for -16-lri-a-nel'a, n Bot A. toxic substance or mixture of substances obtained from about 18* British standard candles, and representing the 

genus of annual or biennial, forking-stemmed herbs of the venom of serpents. [F., < L. venenum, poison.] light afforded by a square centimeter of platinum at 

re found in the eastern United States. [< VALERIAS.] of annual or perennial herbs or, rarely in the tropics. 

ofo, firm, QBk; at, fare, accord; element, gr = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, i = renew; obey, nd; net, nr, atem; full, rule; but, burn; aisle; 
CtoTeferenceg to words in the Addenda are Indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference Is to the main vocabulary. 

Vi say a ii 



Vis-a'yau, vis-e'yan or -fl'yan, n. Wthnct. One of a wa-hi'ue, wa-hf'ng, n. [New Zealand.] A woman: a 

prominent Malay race of the Philippines. na " ve term, wai-hi'neii wliy-e'neet. 

Vis-ea'ri-a, viike'ri-a or -cg'ri-a, n. Bot. A genus wa-Iioo', n, [Additional Heim*.] 1. The cork-elm 

bruin) Ini \nl wattle, the golden wattle (Acacia pyc- 
nnntlnn. h room \v., Acacia caliiuiifolitt. feathery 
w., the black wattle (Acacia decurren*). arevu w., 

d the golileii wattle; 

2. The downy DMBWOod (Tiiia pit- 

Vi-si'ta, vt-st'tu, . [Philippine*.] A district at the extreme 
limits of a city. 

vis'la-scope, vis'ta-ecop, n- An apparatus consisting 
of an aerial camera obscura in 
which the image of distant ob- 
jects is thrown upon a horizon- 
tal plate of ground glass or thin 
paraffin paper stretched across 
the inner frame of a rectangu- 
lar cavity. The entire appara- 
tus Is raised into mid-air sus- 
pended from a klte-su stained 
cable. An linage thrown upon 
the tandem-kites used may be 
viewed through a field-glass by 
an observer on the ground, by 
means of the darkened cavity of 
the camera obscura, thus ena- 
bling distant objects to 
be discerned In aplte 
of intervening obstruc- 
tions: Invented by "W. A. 
Eddy, of Bayonne, N. J. 

[< VISTA + 

catbrier (SmUax rotundifolia) of the United States, the "t'hre; a talk. 

grapple-plant (Uncaria or Harnafjojihytuinprociimbens) wax, t). [Additional compound, etc.] wax'*eye", n. 

of South Africa, or the baah*Iawyer Ufa&Uf Australia) [Austral.] Same as ZOSTBBOPS, 2. wax wall (Mining), 

of Australia a c ' fl y Wl "l- 

wait'*a:while", n. [Austral.] A tree (Acacia colletioi- weatUVr, . [Additional compounds.] weath'er* 

deft) that forms dense thickets difficult to penetrate. Called head", n. [Prov. Eng.J Meteor. A secondary bow. See 

also Ht ay =as while. RAINBOW, w.,1. w.stone, n. A stone the color of which 

wuk'i-up, wak'l-up, w. [Am. Ind.] Same as WICKIUP. changes prior to rain. 

wal'la-byibuah", n. A tiill shrub or small tree (Beyera weav'er*blrd",. [Additional phrase.] golthcapped 

viwowi) of the spurge family (JtepAorMactfflf), common to weaver* bird, a ploceold bird having a golden-crowned 

Australia and Tasmania and called piukwood In the bead. 

latter country. wcb'bliispmoth", -n. A clothes-moth (Tinea) that' 

wall'seye", n. [Additional sense.] An embiotocoid fish builds a tube or case from carpets, woolen goods, or the 

(Hyperprosopon argenteus) found off the Californian like, as T. pellionella, the case-bearing clothes-moth ; T. 

coast, one or the surf-fishes. tapetzella^ the tube-building clothes-moth, or T. biseliella, 

wall'flow"er, n. [Additional senses.] 1. [Austral.] One ( ne naked clothes-moth. See illus. under CLOTHES-MOTH. 

A * n- Van- 

green to brown bismuth carbonate ((BiO) a CO 3 ), that is of white-piue'leaves, which It lines with silk. 
w/osA in long, thin crystals. weed 1 , n. [Additional phrase.] French weed, a trop- 


rtrotCku ttS Wam-bnt'ti, wam-but'I, n. pi. [Afr.J A tribe of pygmies ical American splderwort (Commelina Cayennemix). 
throws the inVaife of found In the great forest of Central Africa. weetAweet", n. [Austral.; A very light missile formed 

i set far apart by attaching a small cigar-shaped block to a flexible rod. 

landscape on 

D (.4), which 
may be observed 
through aperture 

B), &e sides (D) wa m'mi-can, wem'1-can. n. [Local, U. S.] A raft of 
bTSpapersoaVto square timber, on which {% a shanty fitted with sleeping 
exclude the lighi 

open foreheads, which give on 

nesa, and are of a rich yellow, ivory complexion. 

STANLEY In Darkest Africa vol. ii, ch. 23, p. 104. [s. '90.] 

vi"ta-co / che, vt'to-c5'ch, re. Same as CACTUS-WREN. 

and cooking accommodations: used by Maine lumbermen. 
[Am. Ind.] 

wan'der-er, n. [Additional sense.] A lycaenoid skip- 
per-butterfly (Femseca tarquinius) whose caterpillars 
prey on plant-lice, especially upon the alder-blight (Schi- 
zormira t&tsellata). It is found only in the neighborhood 

prewiWof und&juiaed frok- wee 'vll, n. [Additional compounds.] o 

n. Any weevil whose grub bores Into the heart, bark, or 
acorns of an oak-tree, as the acorn-weevil, some species of 
the genus Brenthun, etc. onioiisw., ft. A dull, silvery- 
white otlorhynchld snout-beetle (Epicserusimbricatua) that 
Injures the leaves of the onion as well as other plants, and 
also the bark of trees and shrubs. peach* w., n. A 
curcullonid weevil, as Ithycerus noveboracensis, or the 
plum-weevil (Conotrachelus nenuphar) that Injures the 
twigs, buds, and fruit of peach-trees. See lllus. under 
CTJRCUUO. walnutsw., n. A curcullonid weevil (Cono- 
trachelux Jitf/latnii.i) that attacks the European walnut. 

IjtlCUIIHl FnumnKW*. Itio llmllllilmuc-lilum, 10 flit 

known species. See LUCUMA. [< L. vitellun, yolk.] 
vi-tel'lin(e trland. The vltellarium of a planarian. 
vl-l ' 



war'ren-er, n. [Additional sense.] A large Tasmanlan 
shell: originally a children's name, war'ri^nat. 


In Syria almost every village has its weli, venerated alike by 
Muslims, Christians and Jews. 

The viticetum is along the western edge . _ 

Popular Science Monthly June, 1900, p. 176. 

[< L. >{*, vine.] 

', vt'trazh', n. 

face-deposit of sand, boulders, gravel, etc. mental suffering on account of the wickedness and miseries 

wasp, n. [Additional phrase, etc.] ruby wagp, same of the world; cynical misanthropy. 

ascuCKOO-FLY, 1. wasp'<ant", . SameasvELVKT AXT. wer'i, wer'l, n. [Austral.] Same as VEOETABLE-CATEE- 


'tbthefr^workofaFrenc^^ Sameasw. 

, U LimiUlllIUL 1U11II UOCU _ ._ ,,J m'h.^r.n.-.-n+'t-n ,..,,.,.;..,! i,t t cmo Kir +hna/>ti/in 

Tliro-. F?om : L. "vitram, glass: a combining form used P^"""I '"^^"'"^""^^'^.'^^'^^"yTneTct'ion weVtan:HerwS'tan-5it7 . 

in petrographies! expressions to indicate the presence of "f 6 "^? 1 qllently aluminum silicate colored by f. 

a glaesy texture, or in petrology to signify a condition ul L '- 1 ' 1 ~-A != i*< 

mugascopically glaesy. 

vit'ro-phyr, n. Geol. Same as VITROPHYBE. 
vlak'te, vlak'te., n. [S.-Afr. D.] Level lowland; a plain; 

voet'BanB"er, n. [S.-Afr. D.] [Additional sense.] An 

voig'tUe, veig'tait, re. Mineral. An alteration prod- 
uct of biotite which occurs in the form of thin green 
scales. f< J. K. W. Voigt, mineralogist, of Ilmenan, 


. Mineral. A brick-red 
erric oxid that is found in 



voi"lier', ' 


vwfl'lye', n. [F.] Ick. Same as BOOHOOZ*. 

TO "Ian -tin', v6'Ian-tin', n. [Sp. Am.] Ich. Same aa 

vo-lal'io, vo-lat'ic, a. Pathol. Transient; quickly pass- 
ing. [< L. volo, fly.] 

vol'a-tlle, n. [Additional sense.] Volatile matter; as, 
the volatile varies from 16 to 28 per cent. [< VOLA- 
TILE, a.] 

vol'ger-tte, vel'jjr-ait, n. Mineral. A white hydrated 
antimonic oxid (Sb.,O 6 .5H,O), that occurs massive. 

voor'reat, vfir'reHT, n. A privilege, as of the crown, the 
church, or the individual; specifically [S.-Afr. D.], fran- 
chise privilege. [Cor. of D. voorecftt.] 

vo-raz', vo-rQz' or vo-rflth', n. [Sp. Am.] A lutianold fish 
<Aprion mucrophthalmus) of the West Indies, one of the 

-vorous, mjflx. A termination signifying eating, feed- 
ing upon, subsisting on. Compare -PHAOOUS*. [< L. 
roro, devour.] 

vreem'de-linB, vrm'd-llng,re. [S.-Afr. D.] A stranger; 

vrouw, vrau, n. IS.-Afr. D.] Same as PROWS, n., 1. 

vul'can-lsm, vol'can-izm, re. Geol. Same aa VOL- 



wan 'pa, wfi'pa, n. [Hawaii.] A native boat. 
a''wee', wG'-wl'.n. [Austral.] i 

An Australian timber-tree (Mt/o- 

Btone. w.:biiHh, n 

Card'playing. Same as LAPI, 71., 6. 

porum viscorum) of the myoporad family (Myoponneae). 

[Additional phrase.] alum whey, whey of 

ittml "fiiniH ( T>hitr>mniir'etex\ w itrrnmt I Anv OllC poisonous snake (HoplOCepha. _., 

af^^^&S^aS^'S^f^mt^, thSarge long found in Victor a. (filled I also It; e 
^^^ e ^ P lA^o^^n^ t S:i STh h e I S^ D I^ISl*'&tl 8 ?^^ ( .Swn*SnS2! 

tiBiSfi^S&SRSffGS? WffiSS! wBfe ..n *,. f JAJ^S'KSS,' I ;. P A 9 efwa Srs fl o B S 

ssfeJSS^ss:^wa &^^^^^s^^r^^ 

%^J3SSyttE8SHStt afol M T T h R eW P hlTl?l'gIg;ml"let, n. A mugiloid flsh (Queri- 
upper surface of a bed of water, as of ground-water. mana gyrans) of the South Atlantic coast or North 

Bnt a. pause in this proceM would bring the water-plane again America and on both coasts of Florida. 

to a stand. W. D. JOHNSON Twenty-first Annual Hep. 17. S. ivllixt-, . [Additional phrases, etc.] bridge wlll.xl, a 
Oeol. Survey pt. iv, p. 644. [1S01.J variety of whist In which the dealer or his partner makes the 

w -Docket, n 1 Local U S 1 A bowl In rock-structure trump, the partner's hand being played as a dummy. Called 
that has been formed by the action of falling water, espe- also bridge, -solo w., a modification of the game of 
clally such a bowl existing behind the waterfall when, In whist, played with the full pack, each Individual play being 
time of flood, the water shoots over It. w.>rolled, pa. for a spcclflcally designated point of seven. 
Geol. More or less rounded and smoothed by the mechan- white, a. [Additional phrases, etc.] white admiral, 
leal action of moving water, In the waves on a beach, or In a butterfly (Limenitis sihulla = BatUarchla arthemiu) marked 
the current of a stream. w.<tree, n. [Additional sense.] with a conspicuous white bow. Called also the banded 

wab'nleB, web'lz, n. [Austral.] 

legs of cattle, traced to the eating of palm-foliage. 
wad'dyswood", wed'I-wud", n. [Austral.] A Tasmanlan 
portim blnolor). from the wood of which the 

The Australian pin-bush or needle-bush (Hakea leucoptera): piirple* Compare ARTHKMIS*. white ' beard ", 
A disease affecting the ? called from ttie. water obtalned_by tapp.lng Jts roots.- fA dd YtIo, ' 

Same as BUNTtp, 1. 


\va-du'. wQ-du', n. 

JfS- SameasjTjpOK.8. 

inal sense.] [Austral.] An erect shrub (Stt/phelia 

ericotdex) of the epacrld family (Epaci-tdafe&l . w.tbone 
porary, a sparold fish ( Calamus lettc-oMeux) found In south- 
ern United States coast-waters. whlte'.cat", n. Ich. 
A channel-cat (Ictalurus punctatus) of the rivers of the 
Great Lake region and Mississippi valley. w. C'olia, 
the hop-merchant (butterfly), which has a C-shaped mark 
on the wing. w. croaker, same as QUEENFISH, 1. w.i 

adjoining private lands eye. n. Ich. Same as WALL-EYE, 3 (1). w.face, n. 

- r.jj.u i p nrases e tc.] [Austral.] [Additional sense.] A parold bird of Australia (Xerophila 

w.<ve!n, n. Geol. Any one of the small underground 
streams of water often flowing through beds otherwise 
barren of water. 

=.. ..>,. -. .....,..,.. .... . .'a'ter-aar, we'tgr-flr, n. [S.-Afr. D.] A spring or flow 
* timber It Is called also white- ^/t^er-reit, wS'tr-rg, n. [S.-Afr.D.] The right to direct 
Religious ablution as performed a fixed quantity of water from the main supply to Irrigate 

waVtle n. [Additional 

= out; ell; lu = feud, | = future; c = k; church; dh = the; go, sing, ink; so; thin; Zh = aznre; F. bon, dtine. <,fnm; t, obsolete; }. variant. 
&- Cross-references to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 

2186 yew 

ll-rlieii-ltc, wit'i-ken-ait, . MiMiiil. A steel- measuring the specific gravity of wood. [ 

futuritl*, formerly found In >ew 
ent inliindn. now thought to be ex- 

ile weapon o( the flyhoreysuckle (Lomcera. Xijlosteum), and used 
withe mat j medicine as a cathartic and as an emetic. [< XYI.O- 

sense] [Austral. I. the black beech (Oryptocana ulnmm- Ha: aboriginal name. 



light-gray < 

that crystal . , 

township, N. S. Wales.] No. 7. . a staple food of the local aborigines and the only plant they 

wiu'ber'ry, n Same as WHINBERRY. woon"plaals', won plQtz , n. [b.-AIr. D.J A nom eaa, cu i t | v ,ite. long yam , an Australian species (Viotcorea 

\viildi, n. [Additional phrases.] dry wind, a wind dwelling; also, a farm. trmacerm) whose small tubers are eaten raw by the abo- 

wlilcli is usually not followed by rain.-Tehnantepec wor'a-bauh, wer'a-be, n. A presiding officer among the ngm,,, _ nat | Te ynm , any one of various species of 

winds, northeasterly winds of considerable violence on Kroos. . Ipmnmi, congeners of the sweet potato, whose tubers are 

UK- """tern coast of Central America The worabauh e*erciw 8 no special anthonty eicept m times of gjmetlmes eaten by the aborigines negro yam, same 

- ..,.,,,.,,,,.,11, ntf. 1 war And then he is a sort or eenerallssimo. na T . 1rr v . u ,.,.,, ,,,1 , <i ,,, samp as Rl'RIiEKIN VINE*. 

id for 

wlne'i>er"ry, n. [Additional sense.] An Australian roo t ., the caterpillar of a crambid motn (uramou anTvpiroVv-'ia'c-ket ' 

evergreen tree (Polyoema Cuntdng/tamii) of the saxi- caliginosetlui) which attacks the base of the tobacco-plant. yar / rn< | iel .riiiit, yur'u-, n. [New Zealand.] A fresh- 

frage family (Saxifragacex), with one-seeded berries. Called also tobacco - stalk \vorm. \vaiiini :., " watcr naplochitonotd fish (Prototroctes mareena) of New 

- - _ r^jj! i , . T fFv. iii-vn-f ../I.-, the caterpillar or me re^ai mom (t^iifieTuittii 7eyuu STualanH 

winter, and In the succeeding spring has a brood. w. Called also fsabelita. yel'lowsboftle, . [Austral. 

Hiii'ker, n. A spotted catostomold sucker (Minj/lrema \ A fly, the korrumburra. n. Either of two nshc 

mflnuopt). *" (1) A catfish (Ameiiirun tuttallx) of the region of the (jivat 

,. ; . 

r,e,. i owire, x ^^i Ayellowish-brown Sfffl.oS 

II. n. [Colhxj.] A message by wireless telegraphy. variety of vesuvianite containing manganese. [< Or. percaolfax) of Pacific Island waters and Panama coaxt, one 

Noamoont of Bugrgestion would stem the natural inclination to xanthos yellow ] of the sea-basses. y. ffrilllt. a ha'mulold flsh (Harm tiffin 

MjwireUas jnt as we now uy wire. . . . ' liet awirctow' xan tli-or'tlilte , zanth-Sr'thait , n. Mineral. Ayellow sciurm) ranging from Florida to Brazil. yel' low- 

plain u ' get a wireless telegram.' , ,",", ,.* a Pn nai<f<.rahlp head", n. [Additions sense. 1 A New Zealand bird 

B MBLV,L DEWEY in .V. V. Tribune Mar. 17. p. 9. col. 2. altered variety of allanlte that contains conmc "cttunyx ochrorephatal, the native canarj-.- y.oackrl. 

-wireless telegraphy, telegraphy by electromag- water , L< (>r. xaAo*, )t]lo, + THITE.J n [Additional sense.] Any one of various Australian gum- 

netic Induction or by electromagnet h- ("Hertzian ") waves, xail-tliox'y-lln, zan-thex'l-lm, n. Chan. Same as trecs _ calle(1 from tnelr B mooth, yellowish bark; espe- 

dolng away with wires that stretch directly between the XANTHOXYLENE. dally, the honey-scented gum-tree or yellow box i Etica- 
transmlttlng and receiving stations. ' 

,o A ^.,^.^.. caueu urep or dark yellowwood. (3> On 

Tioer or in tne earth is roasted ana eaten ' A gray hydrated W oo<l6 (DaithrtarHlra micranlho). 

ya^^^lSg^SSStSdrtlSiSSSS^. calcium silirate that is found massive, an<T is closely re- yer , Da ; H . / [A(klitio ,, all)hraseiL ; tc .i_ verbs anU. 1. 

wltc-h'wood", n. 1. The spindle-tree. 2. The J, atcd to okenite. Either of two California!! plants of the genus ErtoOii-tumi , 

American mountain-ash X'=ray", ecs'-rez', n. pi. The Roentgen rays: so called of the waterleaf family < fibdnpAyUacM!): (1) E. Calijnr- 

_-!_._-. ,.. jj jjjgj,. discoverer because their nature was un- nicum, orgluUnosum, the California tarbush, known also as 

. m .to+ 

Wing P/iysali* in its inflated, fruiting calyx, with the - H /rVl zO'? -1 1 Ich SaUJeaTji^ EEL plant (/>/p- winrtm) yielding an ol! resembling the oil of 


mmiii/rrn, the wlntcr.chi'rry of India and It' cnngulimg of the genus Xyletorut. [< Gr. xyion, wood, -j- boros, which the fafinud Is taught, je-ohi'vaii ye-nhl'baht. 
the vegetable rennet of Afghanistan and northern India, devouring.] yew, n. [Additional phrase.] fetid yew, same as STINK- 

have various medicinal properties. xy-lom'e-ter, zai-lem'e-te.r, n. An instrument for ING CEDAR. 

sofa, firm, ask; at, fare, accord; elfmgnt, $r = over, eight, | = usage; tin, machine, J = renew; obey, no; not, nor, atom; full, rule; but, born; aisle; 
fST" CroBS-references to words In the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk -the reference is to the main vocabulary. 




i. Sending-apparatus (Marconi system): induction coil. (For explanation of lettering see 2.) a. Diagram of same: a, Soft iron wire core; ft. Pri- 
mary coil; r, Secondary; d, Spark gap, or oscillator; e. Vibrator, or interrupter; /, Condenser; f/. Wire to aerial system (see fig. 10); h, Leads to battery, 
containing in circuit a Morse key; *, Battery; n, A ground>connection. 3. Simple receiving set. (For explanation of lettering see 2. i 4. Diagram of 
same: o, Coherer; &, Relay; r, Morse sounder; tl. Electromagnet for operating decohering tapper <>); /, /, Condensers; y. Wire to aerial system (see fig. 
10); . Battery; n, Ground-connection; H, Switch in circuit of tl. 5. Diagram of coherer (see fig. 7). 6. Combination set (Fessenden system): a, 
Sender; b*. Receiver; b, Relay; rf, Oscillator; e. Interrupter; h. Battery attachments; H, Morse sending key; , *, 8. M, Switches; o, Wave-detector; t. 
Head*band telephone receiver. 7. A pair of coherers (enlarged): , Glass tube; b, b, b. Metal plugs separated by small spaces containing fine metal 
powder (c), often of nickel with a small percentage of silver; */, d. Leading-out wires. 8. Ship at sea, equipped with two combination sets, each emitting 
waves (see fig. 10). 9. Shore receiving-station at Cape Breton (Marconi), showing wire network for absorbing the waves. The receiver in this station 
responds to only the tonf/er waves as emitted from the ship. 10. Hertzian waves: ,*, Longer waves to be received and interpreted at the station 
tn - 9); ''t ''. fe Shorter waves that do not affect this receiver, but can be read by some other station the apparatus of which has been tuned to theirs. 




yc'7. "o-ma'ra, yez'o-ma'su, n. [Jap.] The Hokkaido zar-ce'ta, thflr-sii'ta or thflr-the'ta, n. [Sp. Am.] A teal, zlrl'lte, zgrl'ait, n. Mineral. A light-yellow aluminum 
salmon (Oneorhyncliiu vtsnrnKf*1. duck hydrate (A1(OH) S ), that is founcf amorphous, and is 

Vhvh.n. See YHWH, under JEHOVAH. Written also Ihvh. znrp, zarp.n. IS.-Afr. D.] A Boer policeman. iXualv mlatari <n iHlihalt 

Yi'ar.n. [Heb.] Same as IYYAK. See CALENDAR. X bar or beam. Same . as Z IRON. 3SHL7 SSS i!'-i, i ,f.h,,n ^>^ w 

vi'ohus. yi'nus n [Heb.l A genealogical record. zc'brn* lish", n. A plmelepterold flsh (Neotephrxops zo1 " l .'.' 1 'f. a *''.?> ze'shun, n. Geol. Meta- 

vil'lah vir" n r AnKlo^Ind I A territorial division See tebra) of Australian seas. morphic alteration of other material into zoisite. 

PKROUNMAH! ' ze-iia'I-da*dove", ze-nfl'i-da-duv-, n. A pigeon of the zone'-plate", n. Optics. A plate composed of rings 

Yoin Kip'pnr, yem kip'Or or kt-piir'. [Hcb.] A day of genus Zenaida; a zenaide. alternately transparent and opaque, which produces the 

atonement in the Jewish Church, observed on the 10th of ze-ol'l-tlze, ze-el'i-taiz, vt. [-TIZED; -TrziNo.l To sub- effect of a lens by the diffraction of light through it. An 
Tisri. It is especially marked by total abstinence from food j ec t ( o zeolitiza"tion analogous device has been suggested for use In connection 


and drink for 
nlng previous. 

hours, beginning at sundown on the eve- 

York rite. The rite of freemasonry as originally prac- ' 
tised by the Grand Lodge at York, England (said to 
have been founded in 926 A. D.), extending only to the 
first three of the thirty-three masonic degrees. 

yo*h'i-wa"ra, yesh'l-wa'ra, n. [Jap.] A district appro 
nrlated to women of the town In Tokyo, or, more generally. 

zld,. [Rus.] A Jew. with sound-waves 

;" clo'ver. An Old World clover (Trifolhtm o"iio-llm-iiet'lc, zo-no-lim-net'ic a. Of or pertam- 
..-.,..) naturalized in northeastern United States. It m S to t he organisms collectively found at specified 
resemhles the common red clover, differing mainly In Its depths of water, and considered as belonging to a zone 


n any large city of Japan. 
'ii'MoiH', yfi'8t5n, n, Chin& 

xmi'M our, yti'ston, n. Chinese axstone, or Jade. 
yonth'ful to-pOB'ra-phy. Same as TOPOGRAPHIC ADO 


ys'ter-perd, Is't^r-pgrd, n. [S.-Afr. D.] An engine; espe- 
cially, a railway-engine, 
y t "t ro-t i 'l n ii-i t *'. Ifro-tO-I'ton-Qit, n. Mineral. Same as 


yo'ro n. [Austral.] Same as BURO*. 

The'nVluve T po,^ n v t o, f t r arce1, zkc ' I>0le: - Z -' POle ' "' ^-^e^^e^I ^ Sar, 
ztnc"a-lu'mtn-lte, ziuc-a-lri'min-ait, n. Mineral. zo-op'er-y, zo-ep'er-i, n. Experiment 




_ tal study and 

treatment of animals. [ < zoo- + Gr. peira, experiment.] 
zo-op'er-al, a. zo-op'er-ist, n. A practi- 
tioner or expert in zoopery. 

fin, 'at,-, ziuk'et. n. Cnem. A salt derived~from zinc zo'o-phllc, zo'o-fll, n. A plant whose seeds haye 
hydroxid (Zn(OH)2) by substitution of a metal for the hooks or spines fitting them for being disseminated by 
hydrogen. [< ZINC -(- -ATE S ] animals; as, the Spanish needles, beggar's-lice, and 

zlnc-az'u-rlte, ziuc-az'in-rait, n, Mineral. Avariety many others. [ < zoo- + Gr. philet, love?] 

of azurite that contains zinc sulfate. zo " o - pliya " 1 - ol ' o - gy, zO"o-flz"i-el'o-ji, n. That 

sp. Am. Grass; herbage; hay; pas- zinc'um, zinc'trm, n. Zinc. 

A light-bine hydratcd zinc snlfale, with zinc and alumi- 
num hydrates (AlZu,S.O,,. 1811,0), that crystallizes in 

the hexagonal system. [< ZINC + ALUMINITE.] 
i,_ n pjj 

:am"bo-an-ge'ny<5, .. [Philippines.] 
nt of Zamboango, capital of a nroy- 

A native or an Inhabltai 

Ince of Mindanao bearing the same name. 
zand'sveld", n. [S..Afr. D.] Desert, 
zan'nar, zan'ar, n. [Ar.] A girdle. 
Xan"tho-rbl'za, n. Bot. Same as XAN 
zn"pa-te'ro, tha'pa-tfi'ro, n. [Sp. Am.] S 

JACKET, 1 (2). 

Za-po'ta, n. Bot. Same as SAPOTA. 

upon the regeneration of the Holy La 

' 1 and religious Influence for Judaism. [< 

soldiers: so called fn the 

-Zt'on-Ist, n. An adherent of Zionism in any of zunl / bo . dor ; thfim'bo-dor, n. [Porto Rico.] A humming, 
its lorms. bird. 

tlr'kel-lte, zgr'ksl-ait, n. Mineral. A resinous black zyg"o-gphe'nal, zig'o-sft'nal, a. Of or pertaining to 
zirconium titanite and thorium oxid that crystallizes in a zygosphene. [< ZYOO- 4- Gr. gphen, wedge.] 
the isometric system. [< F. Zirket.] zy'ino-pnor"ic> zal'mo-fer'lc, a. Same as TOXOPHOBIO*. 

n = out; ell; Iu = feud, JO = fntwre; c = k; charcb; dh = the; go, sing, ink; BO; tbin; zh = azure; F. boA, dttne. <,fram; t, obsolete; t, variant. 
f&~ Crose-reference? to words in the Addenda are indicated by an asterisk (*). When not followed by an asterisk the reference is to the main vocabulary. 





Butterflies and Moths of North America and Europe. 

1 . Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary (Argynnis Selene) . 

2. Pearl-bordered Fritillary (Argynnis Euphrosyne). 

3. Wall Butterfly (Pararge Megeera). 

4. Marbled White (Melanargia Galatea). 

5. Wood Argus (Pararge Egerid). 

6. Scalloped Oak Moth ( Crocallis Elinguaria) . 

7. Death's Head Moth (Acherontia Atropos). 

8. Treble Bar Moth (Anaitis Plagiata). 

9. Clouded Yellow (Colias Edusa). 
10. Brimstone (Gonopferyx jRhamni). 
n. Pale Clouded Yellow (Colias Hyale). 

12. Small Ringlet (Erebia Epiphron). 

13. Purple Emperor, Male (Apatura Iris). 

14. Large Heath (Epinephele Tithonus). 

15. Great Peacock Moth (Saturnia Pyri). 

1 6. Wood White (Leucophasia Sinapis). 

17. Blue-eyed Grayling or Satyr, Male (Satyrtis A/ope) 

18. Waved Umber Moth (Hemerophila Abruptaria). 

19. Grass Egger Moth (Lasiocampa Trifolii). 

20. Brindled Beauty Moth (Biston Hirtaria). 

21. Mead's Fritillary. Male (Argynnis Meadii). 

22. Mead's Fritillary, Female (Argynnis Meadii). 

23. The Baltimore, Female. (Melitxa Phaeton). 

24. Ringlet (Epinephele Hyperanthus). 

25. Meadow Brown, Female (Epinephele Janira) . 

26. Brimstone Moth (Riimia Luteolata). 

27. Herald Moth (Gonoptera Libatrix). 

28. Acadian Hairstreak, Male (Thecla Acadica). 

29. Brown Hairstreak (Thecla Betulas). 

30. Marsh Ringlet (Casnonympha Typhon). 

31. Green- veined White (Pieris Napi) . 

32. Bath White (Pieris Daplidice). 

33. Chalk-hili Blue, Female (Lycasna Corydon). 
34 Small Blue (Lycasna Minima). 

35. Chalk-hill Blue, Male (Lycasna Corydon). 

36. Purple Hairstreak, Underside (Thecla Quercus). 

37. Green Hairstreak, Underside (Thecla Rubi). 

38. Spring Beauty, Female (Thecla Lasta). 

39. Holly Blue, Female (Lycasna Argiolus). 

40. Large Blue (Lycaina Arion). 

41. Holly Blue, Male (Lycasna Argiolus). 

42. Silver-studded Blue, Male (Lycaina sgon). 

43. Diana Fritillary, Female (Argynnis Diana). 

44. Silver-studded Blue, Female (Lycasna sEgon) . 

45 . Orange Tip, Underside of Male (Euchloe Can/amines) 

46. Zebra Swallowtail, Male (Papilio A/ax). 

47. Orange Tip, Upperside of Male (Euchloe Carda 

mines) . 

48. Mazarine Blue, Male (Lycaina Semiargus). 

lene) . 

49- n 


50. M 

51. C 

52. C 


54- D 

55- D 

56. Cl 

57- L; 

58. Cl 

59- Di 

60. Cl 

61. Br 

62. T 

.> Alope). 

63. Bi 


64. [I 

65. Ls 

66. N 

' '\ 

67. LE 


68. G 


69. Pi 

70. Ba 


71. C 

72. M 

73. DJ 

74. Sn 

75- Gl 

76. H 

77- Gi 

78. [I 

79- W 

80. Ba 

r cus). 


81. Cl 


82. H< 

83. Gi 

84. Sn 

85. FU 

86. [U 

87. Pe 

8& M 


OO . 1V1 

89. Gc 

90. La 

< Carda- 

91. La 

92. Gc 

93. Sn 

Diana Fritillary, Male '(Argynnis Diana). 
Mazarine Blue, Female (Lycasna Semiargus). 
Common Blue, Male (Lycasna Icarus). 
Common Blue, Female (Lycasna Icarus). 
Orange Colias, Female (Colias Eurytheme) 
Duke of Burgundy Fritillary, Underside (Nemeobiv. 

Lucind) . 
Duke of Burgundy Fritillary, Upperside (Nemeobiu 


Clifden Blue, Female (Lycasna Bellargtts). 
Large Copper, Male (Polyommatus Dispar). 
Clifden Blue, Male (Lycasna Bellargus). 
Dingy Skipper (Nisoniades Tages). 
Checkered Skipper (Carterocephalus Palasmon). 
Brown Argus, Underside (Lycasna, Astrarche). 
Tailed Blue (Lycasna Bastica). 
Brown Argus, Upperside (Lycaina Astrarche). 
[Unnamed], Female (Colias Christina). 
Large White, Female (Pieris Brassicas). 
New Small Skipper (Hesperia Lineola). 
Large Skipper, Male (Hesperia Sylvanus). 
Grizzled Skipper (Syrichthus Malvsi). 
Painted Lady ( Vanessa Cardui) . 
Bastard Purple, Male, Underside (Limenitis Prostr 

pina ) . 

Camberwell Beauty (Vanessa Antiopa). 
Mother Shipton Moth (Euclidia Mi). 
Dark Crimson Underwing Moth ( Catocala Sponsa ' 
Small Angle Shades Moth (Euplexia Lucipara) 
Glanville Fritillary (Melitasa Cinxia). 
High Brown Fritillary, Underside (Argynnis Adippe 
Greasy Fritillary (Melitasa Aurinia). 
[Unnamed] (Limenitis Bredowii). 
White Admiral (Limenitis Sibylla). 
Bastard Purple, Male (Limenitis Proserpina). \ 
Clifden Nonpareil Moth (Catocala Fraxini). 
Heath Fritillary, Underside (Melitxa Athalia). 
Green Comma, Male (Grapta Faunus). 
Snout, Male (Libythea Bachmanni). 
Red Admiral (Vanessa Atalanta). 
[Unnamed] Underside (Limenitis Bredowii). 
Peacock (Vanessa lo). 
Marvel-du-Jour Moth (Agriopis Aprilina). 
Goat Moth ( Cossus cossus) . 

Large Yellow Underwing Moth ( Triphasna PronuK- * 
Large Tortoiseshell ( Vanessa Polychloros ) . 
Goatweed, Male (Paphia Glycerium). 
Small Tortoiseshell ( Vanessa Urticas) . 

\ V 





1 Grenadier, overcoat. 

2 Dragoon (Chevalier grade), campaign uniform. 

3 Staff Officer, Horse Grenadiers of the Life Guard. 

4 Officer of Horse Artillery, campaign uniform. 

5 Hussar of the Life Guard. 

6 Terek Cossack (cavalry), full dress uniform. 

7 Private of Train or Transport corps. 

8 Officer of Train or Transport corps. 

9 Private of Infantry of the Life Guard. 

10 Cossack Artillery, full dress uniform. 

11 Garrison Artillery, overcoat. 

12 Sapper. 

13 Infantry of the Line, full dress uniform, 

14 Private of Field Artillery of the Life Guard. 

15 Officer of Don Cossacks, full dress uniform. 

16 Non-Commissioned Officer of Field Artillery, full dress uniform. 

17 Grenadier of the " Paul " Regiment of the Guards, full dress uniform. 

18 Private of Riflemen. 


1 Trooper, 12th Lancers. 

2 Trooper, 2d Life Guards. 

3 Trooper, Royal Horse Guards. 

4 Trooper, 1 1th Hussars. 

5 Royal Horse Artillery. 

6 Trooper, 4th Dragoon Guards. 

7 Trooper, 2d Dragoons (" Royal Scots Greys "). 

8 Private Infantry of the Line. 

9 Private Highland Light Infantry. 

10 Royal Artillery, gunner. 

1 1 Private, Scottish Rifles. 

12 Private, Royal Irish Rifles. 

13 King's Royal Rifle Corps 

14 7th Bengal Infantry. 

15 Royal Engineers, private. 

16 Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders. 

17 Grenadier Guards. 

18 Garrison Artillery. 


1 Field Artillery, driver, field uniform. 

2 Officer of Cuirassiers, full dress uniform. 

3 Officer of Cavalry of the Line. 

4 Garrison Artillery (private), full dress uniform. 

5 Officer of Infantry of the Line, full dress uniform. 

6 Private of Infantry of the Line, full dress uniform. 

7 " Bersagliere." full dress uniform. 

8 Officer of Engineers. 

9 Officer of Light Cavalry, field uniform. 

10 Officer of Lancers, full dress uniform. 

1 1 Officer of Infantry, overcoat and fatigue cap. 

12 Officer of Horse Artillery, full dress uniform. 

13 Private of Infantry, campaign uniform. 

14 Alpine Rifleman. 


1 Officer of Prussian Infantry, overcoat. 

2 Trumpeter of Cuirassiers, field uniform. 

3 Prussian Hussar, full dress uniform. 

4 Prussian Uhlan, full dress uniform. 

5 Non-Commissioned Officer, Prussian Train Corps, full dress uniform. 

6 Prussian Field-Rifle Corps, officer, 

7 Officer of Bavarian Field Artillery, full dress uniform. 

8 Brunswick Hussar, field uniform. 

9 Non-Commissioned Officer, Prussian Field Artillery, full dress uniform. 

10 Non-Commissioned Officer, Bavarian Infantry. 

1 1 Non-Commissioned Officer, Prussian Dragoon Guards. 

12 Prussian Body Guard, full dress uniform. 

13 Saxon Infantry Pioneer, field uniform. 

14 Bavarian Rifleman, field uniform. 

15 Grenadier, First Regiment of Guards. 

16 Prussian Pioneer of the Line, " ordonnance " uniform. 

17 Saxon Infantry, field uniform. 

18 Prussian Foot Artillery, field uniform. 

19 Prussian Rifleman, field uniform. 


1 Private of Engineers. 

2 Train (or Transport), full dress uniform, 

3 Field Artillery (driver). 

4 Mounted Rifles (Chasseurs a Cheval), full dress uniform. 

5 Officer of Dragoons, full dress uniform. 

6 Officer of Mounted Rifles (Chasseurs a Cheval), full dress uniform. 

7 Horse Artillery, full dress uniform. 

8 Mountain Rifleman (Chasseurs Alpin). 

9 Foot Rifleman (Chasseurs a pied). 

10 Cuirassier, field uniform. 

1 1 Officer of Field Artillery. 

12 Officer of Foot Rifles (Chasseurs a pied). 

13 Officer of Mountain Artillery. 

14 Zouave. 

15 Turco (Algerian Light Infantry). 

16 Infantry of the Line, campaign uniform. 


1 Rifleman, full dress uniform. 

2 Austrian Infantry, field uniform. 

3 Officer of Dragoons. 

4 Uhlan. 

5 Austrian Imperial and Royal Life Guards, court dress. 

6 King's Hungarian Life Guards, court dress. 

7 Train Corps, officer. 

8 Hussar. 

9 Train Corps, private. 

10 Bosnian-Herzegovinian Infantry. 

11 Engineer, private. 

12 Foreman of Garrison Artillery, full dress uniform. 

13 Hungarian Infantry (private), full dress uniform. 

14 Field Artillery (private), field uniform. 





1 Corporal of Infantry, full dress. 

2 Private of Heavy Artillery, full dress. 

3 Private of Light Artillery, full dress. 

4 Line Officer (Captain), Heavy Artillery, full dress. 

5 Brigadier General, fatigue or campaign. 

6 Line Officer, Infantry, full dress. 

7 Line Officer (1st Lieutenant), Infantry, fatigue or campaign. 

8 Private of Infantry, campaign heavy marching order. 

9 Officer of Light Artillery, A. D. C., full dress. 

10 Officer of General Staff, full dress 

1 1 Major General, full dress. 

12 Officer of Cavalry, full dress. 

13 Field Officer (Colonel), Infantry, full dress. 

14 Cadet Officer, U. S. M. A., West Point, full dress. 

15 Cadet Private, U. S. M. A., West Point, full dress, summer 


16 Cadet Private, U. S. M. A., West Point, fatigue or cavalry 


17 Field Officer of Infantry in overcoat. 

18 Corporal Cavalry in overcoat. 

19 Private Heavy Artillery in overcoat. 

20 Private of Cavalry, full dress. 

2 1 Private of Cavalry, fatigue or campaign. 

22 Bugler of Cavalry, full dress. 

23 Line Officer Light Artillery, kakhi or summer campaign 


24 Officer of Infantry, kakhi or summer campaign uniform. 

25 Sergeant of Infantry, kakhi or summer campaign uniform. 

26 Officer of Cavalry, kakhi or summer campaign uniform. 

27 Officer of Medical Staff. 

Numbers 4 and 6 should be transposed. 


I. A LANGUAGE KEY, - 2192 















For convenience the first column on each page kas been numbered consecutively from 1 to 59. The figure before a letter In a language column indicates the number 
tier in its alphabet, and the email figure at the right of a letter indicates the number of the explanatory note below referring to that letter; thus, line 7 phonetics "c as 

of such letter in its alphabet, and I 




























. , 

a a 

1 a 1 

1 a 1 aa .... 

1 a', a, a 

1 a 

1 A a (a) 

A a 


2 a 



e 1 e 3 

&', ae 

Imlo Inio 

b as in bed 


2 b 

2 b.... 

2 b 

2 b a ... 

2 B/3(b).... 

1. H 11 T 1 

2 3 

3 b 

8 c' 

8 c 

8 c*, q', qu> 

3 c, ch 

cs', ts 1 , ty ... 

m = ch)a in loch 
d as in did 


4 d< 

7g', ch'... 
4 d' 

4- d i 

ch 4 , g 

22 x'x(ch')... 
4 A t (d) .... 

X y 


y i> 



4 ~\ 



5 e a ... 


5 E(e) 







S as in fate 


6 e, 25 a; a . 
6 f 

5 e a , ee'..., 
6 f 

6f>'.. 6 ..'...'.. e . 

5 ei 

6 f, ph, 22 v... 

7 H ,,().... 
21 .;, 

Ee Ai 


10 6 

11 f 

7 Sf. . . 

7 g' 

* Tyl(g).... 

Y y 

8 ; 

12 g a gb. . . 


8 h... 

8 li" 

X v ... 

s n 

14 E'. ... 


i a y a 

it, y 

I I ..... 


I as In machine 


ai ' 

9 I', ie 
ei', ig', y' 

91', !>,le, 25 y 

9 i, ie, y 
ai, ei, ey . . . . 

9 li(I), 

1 1 Hi) EtOi. 


161 j 

7 dsi 13 gy a dy*. 

K as in kink 

11 k. 

11 k... 

11 k... 

11 k... 

10 K (k)... 


jpi3- 19 p 

las to lad 


12 1 

12 1 

12 1> 


11 A.\0) 


19 1 

20 ly . . . . 

m as in man 
n aa in nut 


13 m ... 
14 n 

13 m 
14 n 

13 mi" 
14 n' 

18 m 
14 n 



13 n?J 

14 r- 

21 m 
22 n 
23 ny 

nio m 10 


P i (~\ 

r v 

24 o... 

as in no 

o, e 

15 o 

15 o 1 , oo 

15 o 1 , 6 1 , au a ,eau a 
o 1 

15 o 8 
o 8 

24 n<o (0)... 
15 Oo(e) 

o o. . ! ! 

25 6 
1 a 

S ae in nor 


84 aa 1 


aeu, fiu, eu,. 

O I (ei) . . 

OI 01 

16 p. 

16 p 

16 p 

16 p", b 

16 n IT (p) ... 

n i 

17 rt p 

28 p 

23 * <fi (ps) 


17 q(v... 

17 q 

1*" o 

17 q(u... 

18 r 

18 r"> 

18 r 

18 r" 

17 Pp(r)... 

p - 

20 1 . 

29 r... 

- ;i- in hiee 


19 s, c> 

19 s 

19 8, C', C 5 

19 6', S8l, BZlO 


31 sz 
80 s 

tas in tell 


20 t 

20 t, d', dt 

20 t, d", th 

20 t a , dt a , th a . . 

19 T T (t) 

T T 3 

88 t 

th as in thin 

8 e, , & (th) 

(.J ( j 

22 n 

te as in lasts 

26 z, ti a , tz, c'.. 

is ys 

4 c 1 , cz 1 
84 n 

u 9 v 10 

oc' a 

21 u". 

o aa in rule 


21 u' 


Ov ... 



85 u 

10 ( n) as in mute 


Eu, ijv 

87 n 

Q aa in done (Ger.) 


23 y" 

21 u> a , uu... 

22 fl" fl" 

n ia 

20 Yv 

Y v 3 

36 fl 

n as in up 

u' a 


9 6, 270 

D as in burn 

26 O 8 , oe 8 .. 

0, oe. 



v ae in van 

f, V... 

22 v' 

22 v 

22 v... 

88 w 

B B Y v* 


88 v 

wQ as in waft 

w, pa . . 


6 i 

wl (we) as in weal 

wl, pi... 

23 w" ... 

23 w ia . 

ui" . 

x a* in wnx ,.,.,..., 


24 x 

24 X" 

84 x 

14 Bf (x) 


y as in yet 

ge, i 

10 j' 

10 j 

25 y 1 , 10 j 

10 > 

17 j 

yfl ae in yard 

gea, ia . . . 

K as in zone 


25 z 

26 z, B, x" 


6 Z f 


7 T 

39 z... 
40 zs 

zb ( z) as in azure 

10 j, g' 

The Roman alphabet is used in this key in place of the i. E unaccented and final has the sound of e in mer. 9. L is sounded as in English. LI after i not initial has 
German characters. 5 . D final has the sound of t; elsewhere, as d hi did; dt = t. peculiar liquid sound (1), nearly like 111 in brilliant. 

Syllables ending in a vowel are called open ; those end- 6. E before a double consonant (or two or more conso- 1 o. M and n initial doubled or before a vowel sound are 


Ing in a consonant, closed. nante) has the sound of e in net. 

In modem European languages accented e to open syl- 7. Ij, ch, and g have no equivalents in English. Ij a 
lables has a sound like that of a in fate (e) without the y approach the sound of ai to aide; ch and g, of H = 
vanish, and i the sound of i in machine (I). in loch. Ei = ai. 

8. I before a consonant in the same syllable has the sound 

ANGLO-SAXON. of i in U. For open i (= I), seel. Ie = I. 

Anglo-Saxon words take the Germanic accent on the 9. O closed has two sounds, the o of obey, and before two 
first root-syllable, or distinctive nominal prefix. The or more consonants the e of not. 
letters given are the Roman letters as used in Britain at 1O. H is trilled more than in English. 

the time of the conversion of the Anglo-Saxon, except 1 1 . Sch final or before a mute e has the sound of sh. pronounce n (u of rule) u = fl 

the nines, thorn ( and wSn (f ) and the crossed d (&) 1*. U open, see FRENCH, 11; u closed has the sound of i J w is found in words' of foreign origin only 

, variati , 011 of thorn (J>) in_the manu- _ u in_j?; ni.== ei;_oe = u. _ 13. X is pronounced as x in woz, except when initial and 

pronounced as in English, but a single m or n final in 
a word or syllable gives to the preceding vowel a pecul- 
iar nasal sound: viz., -am, -an, -em, -en, -oin = on (ah 
resonant through open nostrils); -im, -in, -ym, -yn, -aim, 
-ain, -elm, -em = an (an in angry); -om, -on = en (on 
in longer); -nm, -nn uA (nn in hunger); ent in third 
person plural of verbs is silent. 

11. U has no equivalent in English; to make its sound, 
place the mouth for t (i of machine), and attempt to 

scripts, but for dh In works on phonology. Further dc- 13. Wis a little softer than in English in closed syllabi' 
ecription and discussion of the sounds ana letters may be 

found in the vocabulary under the corresponding Eng- 
lish letters. 


The stress of pure Danish words is placed on the radi- 
cal syllable, usually the first, unices compounded with 
the German prefixes, be-, er-, for-. 

1. A has the sound of a in arm; aa (or 4), of In no. 

2. E final in accented syllables has the sound of 8 = a In 
fate; elsewhere, of e In net; K = fi. 

8. C before a, aa, o, u has the sound of k; before e, i, 0, 

y the sound of s. 
4. D initial is pronounced as d in did; between two vow- 


The Flemish is so closely allied to the Dutch that it 
Is not given separately in the key. 


The French language when spoken has no decided ac- 
cent, but nearly all the syllables are uttered with an equal 

followed by a vowel or silent consonant, when it has the 
sound of z. 


In German every noun begins with a capital letter. The 
accent of German words is generally on the root syllable* 
in simples and derivatives, and on the first member of 

stress of voiced To an^Engiish ear""the"8tre88"seernl"to I.Em accented open syllables has the sound of 8 = a in 
fall on the final syllable; hence, to this dictionary the fte; before r, two consonants, or a double consonant 
primary accent (') has been placed over the last syllable the sound of e in net; final, and often in final unaccented 
of most French words, and the secondary accent (') on syllables, the sound of e hi over; a = a or 6. 
the other syllables (except over obscure e), to indicate a 2. B, d, p, and t are pronounced as in English, except 

. careful enunciation of all the unaccented syllables. that b and d final, or immediately before a final coneo- 

els, or at the end of a syllable after a vowel, It has the 1 . a, a, &, e, 6, 8, i, I, o, 0, fl, and fl in open syllables have nant, have the sound of p and t. Dt and th = t. Ti in 
sound of dh = th in then. D before t or s and also the sound of a, 6, 1, o, and fl, respectively. Final d, g, -turn = ts. 

anal after 1, n, r, t is silent. DI 8> t, x, and z are usually silent, and leave the syllable 3. C before a, o, n, or a consonant has the sound of k; 

5. G after a vowel m monosyllables has a slightly gut- open. before a, e, i, y, the sound of ts. 

tnral Boundj elsewhere, as g in go. 2. A, e, i, y, and o in closed syllables have their short 4. Ch has no equivalent in English, and is like H = ch 

B. H befoi j and v is 8 ent; elsewhere, aspirated. sounds g, e, i, o; au and eau = 0. in loch; initial it has the sound of c in cat, except to 

n C 1 fif n acce " t *5 f vllables and in monosyllables, also 3. E before r and not followed by a second consonant has words of French origin, where it sounds like sh in she. 
T'V .1 "'"S" of i m maeltine : elsewhere, of i in U. the sound of & in fare; d before r = a. 

, , . ^c o^uuv* wi tt , u litre, v ueiure r = a. 5.1 and y in open syllables or before a single consonant 

J hi onnd of y in yet. 4. E in unaccented open syllables has the sound of e in have the sound of i in machine; in closed syllables, of 

. O open has the sound of in no; closed, of e in not. mer. E final is silent; ei = ; ie and y = J. i in it. Ai, ei, and ey = ai. Ie = 1. 

i? r 2. u *S? sound of = u in burn. 5 . Final c, f , 1 (not liquid), and r (after a, i, y, o, n) are 6. G initial is pronounced as g in go; elsewhere, it Is 
in open has the sound of fl in rule; closed, of n in full, sounded. Ch has the sound of sh in she. C before a, o, strongly aspirated = H. Ng has the sound of ng in singer. 
{ V ' v iT .' ' * j 5*2 of o m full; elsewhere, of v. u, and ch before a consonant in the same syllable, have 7 . H initial is aspirated ; final or after a vowel it is silent, 

he sound of French u, as in dune. W, x, and z the sound of c (= k) in cat. C before c, i, y, or with the and lengthens the vowel. 
I only m foreign words. cedilla (9), has the sound of s. Q and qu are generally 8 . O before two consonants or a double consonant has the 

HlJvrw ^ e ^' sound of o in not; elsewhere, as in no. 

For nrront <*. p 6- D ' Pl "' and l are g ene lly pronounced as in English. 9. H, see DUTCH, 10. 

1 i r?i!r. D final is silent, except in proper names; before a vowel 1O. S initial or after a consonant (except b, ch, and p) haa 
i h.i. / y . S . ' . double vowels, aa, sound beginning the next word d has the sound of t. 8 the sound of z. S final, ss, and sz hav the sound of In 

---^^f^i 'n'Kl' r ^ pecl l Tel3r -^ between two vowels has the sound of z. Ti = st. hits. Sch = sh. 

J syllable, and ee, have the sound 7. G before a, o, or n haa the sound of g in go; before e, i, 11. U open has the sound of u In rule; closed, of u in 

or -7i of zh = z m azure. On = ny (m in union). full,. Ui = wl (we in weal). 

ire r has the sound of a, as in fare. 8 . H is generally silent. 1 2. C, see FRENCH, 11. 

ofo, firm, ak; at, fire, ccord; element, $ r = over, Sight, = 


tin, mm-hine, 5 - renew; Obey, no; ut, net, atjm; full, rule; but, born; aisle; 


to cat," Danish colnmn "3 c," means that c Is the third letter in the Danish alphabet, that it has the force of c in cat, and is more folly explained in remark 3 of the Danigh 
explanatory notes below. Prepared by Mrs. E. F. Roberts assisted by native linguists. 












' a 





























1 a' 

7 e" 

2 b 
3 c 

4 ch" 
5 d 
6 dd 

C 1 

9 , 20 ph 
10 g" 
13 h 

13 1", 36 a 
ai, ei 

14 1 
15 11 
16 m 
17 n 

11 ng 
18 o 

19 p 

22 r 7 , 21 rh' 
83 s 

84 t 
85 th 


27 w, 88 y" 

8 f 


1 a 




1 a 

1 A a 15 o 8 

1 a 

1 a 



e 1 

2 b... 




2 b.. 

2 b 

2 E 6* 

2 b 

3 b 

3 c", cc", ch a 

c 7 , ch 

c 7 . 

3 C", cc'.'.... 

3 c 1 ch"19qu..., 
4 ch" 

3 ci, ch> . . . . 


24 4 1 ^ 


28 X i T' 

4 d 




4 d 

4 d. 

5 A A 

4 d 1 


22 z' 

e", SB", <E'... 




31 3 a 


5 e 1 

a 1 . 

S, * ei.... 
f , ph 

e, ie, oe 

5 e 
6 f... 


6 f, ph 

2i*i'V '34*6 *e" 

6 e... 
7 f 

5 e,87&... 
6 f s 

6 f 

f, ph 

7 g, gh* 

g 7 .. 


7 K... 

7 e" 

4 r a r 

8 g 3 

7 2* 





s la':: 

9 h* 





36 Jl 8 29 bi 8 

9 i .. 

ei, afl, ce".... 
i',ei, y 

I ^... 



9 i 

9 i, 24 y 

10 li, 9Hn... 

10 i 7 26y 8 .. 

9 i, e' 


i, g'.. 

dz 6 


11 i v 8 




11 k 

11 k, qu.. 

11 KX 

11 k 

11 1 




12 I 3 ... 

12 1 

12 Jl i 

12 1 

12 1 


13 i' 


13 11 

12 m 
13 n 




14 in" 
15 n 

13 m 
14 n 

13 M M 
14 H H 

14 m 
15 n 

16 fl a 

13 m..'... 
14 n 


o* ... 




14 o' 


16 o< 

15 o 

17 o. 

15 o 7 , 26 aa (a) ... 




15 0* o 





15 p 



16 D 

16 Uii 

18 p 

16 p 

16 q(u 




17 q(ua 7 . 

17 Q(U fl 





is r 5 ... 

18 r, rr 

17 P' p... 

20 r 7 . . . 

18 r 

18 s 




19 8 

19 S 8 , 88, Z, C. . 

18 C c 

21 B 

19 B 25 z 


ci 8 , si 8 , ti 8 


23 x". . . 

25 III in 

19 t 




80 t 

20 t ch 1 

19 T T 

23 t 

80 t 

27 z, c' 

z io t zz io. .. 

3 c, sc* 

23 U u 




21 u 

20 u 




21 u 

30 >" y 

23 u 

u 1 , eu 



32 10 re 

23 y' 

23 y 7 

24 v 

u .. 

e* (her) 

28 o 

81 v : 



22 w 

23 v 

8 BB.. . 

24 v. 

22 v fv a 

ua ... 

ua, va 


ui, vi 

ui, vi 


x ... 



25 x 

23 x 

10 j 

y, iio 


30 H , 6 E* e 

10 j 

34 fl a 


z, B' 

25 z 10 , s 8 . . . 

839 ... 

10 j.. 

7 IK 3K 


Every initial vowel or diphthong has the rough breath- g?. a . re " Ke S m ff?- 
tag (') or the smooth breathing (). The roughljreathing ? His always aspirated, 
indicates that the vowel over which it is placed is pre- * * (consonant) = ytawfc 

2. G followed by j or y is like j in jest; elsewhere, g and 10. I immediately before a vowel and after an accented 

j placed is pre- "** " v^vjuowuaii^ j n.- yei, j (vowel) = 1 in machine; dy 

ceded by the sound of h; the smooth breathing, that It is ( also gy) = j '" #</ ty &> = Hi in brilliant; ny = ni in 

not aspirated. umon. 

1 . r, v (g) before y (g), * (k), Y (ch), or f (x) has the Bound 5. R, see DUTCH, 10. 

of n mini; elsewhere, of gin oo. 6. S = sh m Me; sz = s in At; zs = ch. 

8. Z, f (z) initial has the sound of z; elsewhere, generally 7. Y is generally a consonant; y (vowel) = t. 

ds, sometimes dz. ITALIAN. 

3. O, u and O, o, open, have the same sound m prose; in Italian words are generally accented on the penult. 

poetry <u IB prolonged. - ~ 

a, e, o, or y not initial has nearly the sound of y in yet. 

The Norwegian alphabet is the same as the Danish, 
with few exceptions, in sound. D final in many Norwe- 
gian nouns and adjectives has the sound of t, and is 
silent in Borne pronouns. G before 8, e, i, a. and y hag 
the sound of y in yet. Hv often has the sound of kv, and 
sk that of sh in she. 


1 . E in open Byllables = has the'sound of a in fate; in closed, Tne stress is on the penult, except in some compound 
of a in fare. words. Ze, 11, by, yo, suffixed to strengthen the pro- 

2. C and cc before a, o, u, and ch before e and i, have nouns, do not change the accent, 
the sound of k. 1 . Ch, see GERMAN, 4. 

3. C and cc before e and i have the Bound of ch in church. * L ls pronounced as in English, but f. is peculiar to the 


1. n, ir (p) after p. (m) sounds like b; elsewhere, like p. 

S. T, T (t) after v (n) is like d; elsewhere, like t. - >.. ~<f. - n .. . -. = , , - ---. .- ^ - -, 

. Y, v (consonant) before a vowel or before A (1), a. (m), 4. G before a, o, u, and gh before e and i, have the sound Polish language, and is formed by forcing the tongue- 
. (n), or p (r) has the sound of v; elsewhere, of f in fun. of g in go. tlp , aga j, n8t tne teeth ' 

" J 5. G before e and 1 has the sound of j in jest. Gg = dj 3. M and n are pronounced as in English. 

61 = Hi in brilliant. Gn = ny (ni in union). 4. O ^unaccented has the sound of o in no; accented, the 

HEBREW. 6- H has no sound of its own. Ch = c in cab; gh = g inffo. 

> 7. O open has the sound of o in no; closed, of o in not. 

4. See GREEK, CLASSIC, 3. 

sound of 

Hebrew Is written from right to left. Its alphabet - ' G. Sc ha^equivalent in English, but is nearly like d; 

consists of 83 consonants. To supply the lack of vowels 9 ; s ' m j t ia] has the sound of s in to,- between two vow- cz = ch; dz = j; rz = zh; sz = sh. 

nine points are used in connection with the consonants. 

= t 

or' =8 

or = 


-; = a very short 
T= e very short 
v: = e very short 
T = every short 

Y 18 Peculiar to the Slavonic languages, and is sounded 
something like the German fl, Greek u. 

els, of z in tone. Sc before e and i has the sound of s"h in 
she; sch and sc before a, o, and u have the sound of sk. 
IO. Z before i followed by a second vowel has the sound 
of ts in lasts; Initial, or after a consonant, of dz; zz = ts. 

The accentuation is similar to that of Spanish words. 

LATIN (ENGLISH OTETHOD). 1 . C before a, o, u, 1, or r has the sound of c (= k) in cat. 

1 . A, e, i or y, o, and n, ending, accented syllables, have C has the sound of s. Cc is separated in pronunciation, 
the sound of e, !, ai, o, and yn (in after a consonant in the the first c being hard (= k), and the second hard (= k) 

1. X ('), the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet, has no 8ame syllable). U after d or 1 generally has the sound before a, o, u, and soft (= s) before e, i, and y. Ch = sh. 
equivalent in English. It is a " soft breathing." o f u j n re fe. g_ Q before a, o, u, or a consonant has the sound of g hi 

2. n(h)> the 8th letter, is a "rough breathing." 2. A, e, i or y, o, and n before a consonant in an accented go; before e, i, and y, the sound of j in jest. 

3. 1? C), the 16th letter of the Hebrew alphabet, is a deep syllable have the sound of a, e, i, e, n. Ae and oe fol- 8. H is silent. After 1 and n it gives the consonant*, a 
guttural, and has noequivalent in English. low the rules for e. liquid sound; Ih = ly; nh = ny (ni in union). 

4. p (q), the 19th letter, and ~i 2, the llth letter, are like 3. A final unaccented or in an unaccented syllable has 4. K is found only in foreign words. 

oLnV i ,th lotto,- i>iiiri/i/y/>rvln mm tne sound of a in sofa. 5. M and n final or after e have a nasal sound (see FRENCH, 

aeep K. l, tni ,ter, is 4 E< Q> and u ending an unaccented syllable (not final) 10); elsewhere, as in English. 

Dirrr< * n w * iw nave tne sounds of e in believe (e), o in obey (o), and u in 6. O in open syllables has the sound of o in no; in closed 

l M. i u i i -v. futt(u) or duration (iu) respectively. E before r has the syllables, of o in obey; So and am = aun: a final = a in 

The mark of accent (') is used over vowels to distin- sound of e in her. sofa. 

guish them from the same vowel unaccented, thus: 5. I final has the sound of i in pine (ai); i and y have the 7. Qua is pronounced cwa; que = ke; qni = kt. 
a = a; a = e; 6 = e; e = e; i = t; i = i; 6 = 0; o = o; sound of i in it wvwn ending an unaccented syllable not g. S between two vowels has the sound of z in zone; 
fi = 0; u = u. Hungarian is one of the Ural-Altaic Ian- initial. Plural es final has the sound of Iz and os of Oz. elsewhere, as in English. 

rages in which the accent is on the root syllable, which 6. Consonants are the same as in English. 9. x is generally pronounced as sh in she; ex = x in wax. 

generally the first syllable, and the following syllables T. C and g are hard (= k and g) before a, o, n; sof t ( = s jo. Z final has the sound of s; elsewhere, aszmame. 
observe the law of harmonic sequence of vowels. See and j), before e, i, y, te, <e. T c,cr 

HARMONIC SEQUENCE. 8. Ci, si, and ti directly after an accented syllable and be- , KUSSIAN. 

I. C or cz = ts in lasts; cs, ts, and ty = ch in church; fore a vowel have the sound of sh or zh; xl = ksh. The Russian alphabet is an enlarged Greek alphabet, 

ds = j in jest. 9. S final and x initial have the sound of z in none. New characters are added to express peculiar Bounds. 

au = out; all; iu = feud. Ift = future; e = k; church; dh = (Ae; go, eing, ink; BO; thin; zh - azure; F. boA, diiiiu. 

<,frum; t, obsolete; }, variant. 


Some o, the Mto. have the me fern, as In th. Eng 
lish alphabet, but retain the Greek sounds; as, B = v; fi 


; elsewhere as m Enghsh. 


thoee ending in a consonant, 4. G ending a syllable 

k . in ,,. e&where, as g in go 

, or , , 

,.-. Vbe^n=J;/(P=h^^= k %T *-C ^ilfhife^nex accent has 8l X^ ST^an^. it 

(.) has the sounlfof p; elsewhere as m Enghsh. ^toJSSVkTSlrtSSJWk in cAurcA. the sound of ch in church; elsewhere, as k in *,*.- 


3 E (ye) initial and nnaccented has the sound of ye in ^ a r V _ ^.% i_ gwt- guo = gwO? ing to certain stress or accentuation; no fixed rules 

^^^^ fe'2^^t(^!^^fo^i 

JfeMW3^^ andelsewhereitUU^n^^ 

. it ha. 
in *,*.- kj 



final, o iii no. 

1!kt'o in ^; nnaccented, a m am; '-^ h ^ '^ 

T.^Vpronounced as if double, like rr in hurry. 8 ^^etr^fter^owel flowed bya consonant or \y^^^Wtaii*f.'rt*>**~*&* 

8. ft (i) is used after a vowel and lengthens the vowel- f^^ nag the sound of i inmocAine,- before avowel in the 3 agp i ra ted, never silent. 

Bonni something like English y in BV/Ml tl, the same syllable, or between two vowels, it has the sound | f^P and in tne same Kj]}Me , ha8 the 
28th letter, always has the sound of i in U. W (shcn) is o f j fa jot though somewhat softer. sound of v in vet elsewhere, as i in machine or i in U. 

the 28th letter in the Russian alphabet, and has no equiv- . _ ia * 

T,, the 27th letter, Is silent, but gives a -\\||>I-H 6. LI has no equivalent in English. To make its sound, 

yllable. place the toneue as for 1, and force the breath out of the 

SPANISH. ; Fnahheond of v 

Wordg ending in a vowel are generally accented on v. 

final or in Monosyllables 
* n 




1. Scientific Alfabet, 

nrenarrd and promulgated by THE AMERICAN PHTLOLOOICAL AS- 
SOCIATION, adopted and recommended by THE AMERICAN SPELL- , 
INO REFORM ASSOCIATION, and used in the Standard Dictionary. 

Letters. Names. As in Letters. Names. As in 
O, o,0 
6, e, 6 

Q, a. 8 (oA) 

A. a. 8 (ai(r 

B, b (bee) 

D, d 
Dh, dh 

E, e, e 


ask far 

fat, fare 







F. f 
, g 
H, h 
I, i, i 

H, m 
N. n 
Ng. ng 





i (oA) 

obey, no 

i (awe) 

net, what, 

ner, wall 



= c (cue) 

(quit) cwit 











a (oo) 

full, rule 

5 (u(r)) 

but, bom 





=cs (ex) 






i (zhee) 


S, 8 

met, th6y Sh, sh 

fit T, t 

go Th, th 

he n, u, 

it, caprice U, u, 

jet V, v 

kin W, w 

lo, noble [X, x] 

me Y, y 

no Z, z 

king Zh, zt 

Diphthongs: ai, aisle, I; au (ou), stout (stout); ei, 
cein; iu, find (feud), miuzic (music). 
For Script Alphabet, see p. 2196. 
All the letters of this alphabet represent different ele- 
mentary English sounds, except the duplicates *, q, and 
x and the number of the elementary sounds is 32. There 
are only 23 letters, excluding the duplicates *, q, and x, 
in the common alphabet, so that there are 9 elementary 
sounds without letters. 

2. Necessary New Letters, a, , u. 

Three of these sounds are provided for by new let- 
ters, a, e, u. In the old alphabet a and a stand for the 
mm" sounds. In the scientific alphabet the two 
familiar forms are differentiated, a a are to be used 
for the sound in are, a a for that in am. In a similar 
manner capital U and lower-case u are differentiated, 
Tl u being used for the sound in full, U u for that in 

4. Diphthongs expressed by their 

1, now printed oi, is received at once, and mi. now 
printed ou. Is seen to need two letters; bnt at is so gen- 
erally written i, as in fine, pine, described as long i, and 
printed I in dictionaries, that the expansion of it to at 
surprises, and its accuracy is not at once perceived. A 
similar statement is true about In, which is generally 
written v, as in music. But as u is found alone, as in 
full, rude, phonetic necessity requires some addition to 
the M of music, or change of it; and so of ai; long i is the 
i of machine. Full diphthongal writing is now used in 
the Oxford dictionary, and in the works of the English 
philologists as well as those of other countries. 


ai aisle pine igh eye I 
ail pain sal ai ai 

an out cow bound bowaA 
aut cau baund ban 

I oil boy avofd toys 
oil bei avoid telz 

111 few mute duration 
flu miut diureshun 

adding a tag to the* earlier letter; in that way the new a 
is made; the breve of is dropped into the body of the 

3. Digraphs for Letters; ch, dh, ng, 
sh, th, zh. 

The six remaining elementary sounds are denoted by di- 
graphs. The digraphs ch as in church, ng as in king, sh 
as in the. th as in thin, are in familiar nse for elementary 
sounds which are never denoted in English by a single 
letter. The reformers have only to set them apart form- 
ally as letters and give them a name as such. Zh does 
not occur in literary nse. bnt the sound in eccezhon 
(occasion) has the same relation to that of sh in rgleshun 
(relation) which z has to , and it is freely and without 
objection recognized as zh. So d is to t, as dh is to th, 
as dhen is to thin. Ch is often analyzed into tsh, bnt it is 
given a place and a name with the digraph letters. Ph, 
named pht, is not counted, since its sound is represented 

5. Diacritical narks. 

Long and Short. 

The deliverance of the philologists is "It seems best to 
follow the Latin and other languages written in Roman 
letters in the use of a single sign for a short vowel and 
its long, distinguishing them, when great exactness is re- 
quired, by a diacritical mark." The scientific alphabet 
as a practical reform alphabet was intended tor use ulti- 
mately without diacritics in literature and common life. 
Italian, Spanish, Latin, and German are regarded as 
spelled phonetically, though a, e, i, and other vowels with- 
out diacritics are sometimes long and sometimes short. 
In English, however, the old spelling separates the short 
and long sounds of some of the letters. The long of i as 
in it is oftenest written ee, as in meet; the long of e as in 
bet is most familiar as a in fate, and many persons 
never notice, or know, that the sound of ee is i prolonged, 
or that the sound of a in fate Is that of e in met pro- 
longed. The spelling reformers generally give out the 
alphabet in complete pairs of long and short vowels, the 
long vowels distinguished by a macron or a circumflex. 

MI. .n Vanelz. 

I tin city divide busy 

tin siti divaid bizi 
5 pen head ferry defer 

pen bed feri defer 
* at chasm black adds 

at cazm blac adz 
u ask chant comma 

ask chant coma 
not was actor yocAt 

net wez actor yet 
o obey eulogy propose 

obe ynlojl propOz 
D but enough national 

but enuf nashunal 
a full book could sugar 

fnl buk cud shngor 

Lang Vanelz. 

i machine eve queen 

mashin iv cwin 
e eioAt fate play prey 

et fet plS pre 
a fare bear where air 

far bar hwfti ar 
a arm father calm 

arm fadher com 
S nor fall ?ught laws 

nerfSl et lez 
o note pour token low 

not pOr tckn 10 
ii burr workers curls 

bur wurkerz curlz 
u rule food rude two 

rfil ffld rod tB 

For literature, spelling-reformers suggest the nse o 
diacritics for long e and T only, thus : 

Hwen yuzingdbis Scientific Alfabet in pepyular print, 
for erdineri buks and niuzpeperz, it iz net censiderd 
neseseri tu emplei a daiacritical mark tu indiket leng 
vauelz ecsept in dhi kes ev t and e. Dhen dhi onli niu 
leterz for dhi printer'z ks wil W dhtz foiv: !, e, a, e, o, 
widh dhar capitalz. Preper ngmz me b! left nnchenjd, 
and x me bt yuzd az an abbrtvie'shun ev cs and ks, out 
net far gz. C most elwez gaund az k, but dhi filelojista 
cud net agrt tu ml aut k. 

6. The Diacritics of the Standard. 

A pronouncing dictionary needs diacritics for long 
vowels except in diphthongs. It is one of the purposes 
of the Standard to present to the public in its pronuncia- 
tion the English vocabulary in the exact form proposed 
for reformed spelling, so that the Standard may be a 
standard of spelling for reformers as well as conservatives. 

6, i. It has seemed best to use the circumflex accent for 
e and t rather than the macron, to avoid the nnhappy as- 
sociations with e and i in common irregular spelling and 
to accord with the literary printing of which a specimen 
has just been given. 

^ ~. It has seemed best, also, to add to the scientific alpha- 
bet notation for variant obscure syllables. A large pro- 
portion of the nnaccented vowels in English words have 
two pronunciations, equally good each in its own time, 
and freely used by the same persons one formal, distinct, 
pedagogical, the other colloquial; the first may be ac- 
curately denoted by one of the letters of the scientific al- 
phabet, the second is a variation from the^flret, a natural 


are muicaieu m LUC oLauuoiv*, uut o uo,*ng in tne 
direction of t, of which I is the limit, the other a failure 
to bring out the resonance of the vowel chamber, a 
change in the direction of u, 8, as in but, burn. The 
first is denoted by , as in manntgn (mountain), added, 
the second by : moment, ate.m. The nse of ~ has 
been extended to g as in gsk, which has a variant pro- 
nunciation from a as in/ar towards a as in fat. Unac- 
cented a as in sofa varying towards u in up, and o as in 
theory also varying towards u might have been printed 
with the ~ according to the system, but are printed 
without it for simplicity, their relations being such as to 
lead to no ambiguity. 

7. Explanation of Letters. 

The characters of the alphabet used in the Standard 
Dictionary will now be taken np in their alphabetical 
order, to set forth as plainly as possible the distinction 
between the sounds which they represent, and to indicate 
the words and syllables in which each character occurs 
in the common spelling. A further physiological descrip- 
tion of the sounds, with important facts of history and 
philology connected with them, will be found under the 
Englishletters in then- alphabetical order in the vocab- 

8. Q a a a a a 
Roman Italic Script 

The first elementary sound inmost alphabets Is thatof 
a in/ar, father. The character used for it in the Scien- 

ofa, firm, ask; at, fare, accord; elgmnt, jr = over, ttght, = usage; tin, machine, g = rnew; obey, no; not, nor, atom; full, rule; hot, born; aisle; 


tific Alphabet is like Greek , Italic q, German a, and Eng- an is found: 

lien script a. It is named (ah) from its sound: sometimes 
alpha, its Greek name. The form of it used in Roman print 
(a) is a new type, but is intelligible at first sight. It is used 
in reformed spelling of German as well as of English, and 
is adopted in the Oxford English dictionary. The use of 
it requires no change in common writing or italic print, 
except that care must be taken to write </, not X, for the 

Qrm! arm! Qmerica. Hark! hark! the lark. 

(trtn! arm! Clmerica. Hark! hark! tfte lark. 

2.' Printed o'w, as 'in now (oaa), 'owl, 'plow",' etc.' 
In whatever disguise this diphthong may be 



9. Strong a in ar, ear, alf, augh, etc. 




1 . a is clearest and most nearly constant in accented ar 
final or followed by a second consonant other than r, ae in 
bar, car, far, pOr, star, etc. ; barb, Ore, card, argue, park, 
mOrl, Orm, hdrn, harp, barque, starry < star (not mar- 
ry, etc.), Mars, art, carve, starve, etc.; in strong unac- 
cented ar, as in carnation, carbolic, etc. ; in ear, as in 
hearken, heart, hearth, and sometimes in er, as in ser- 
geant = sOrjfint. 

2. a is recognized as the correct sound before silent , 


22. Ch eh 

ch as in church is accepted as an elementary sound or 

isguise this diphthong may be hidden le <J e , r > n * he pronunciation of this Dictionary, and named 
in common spelling, it is represented by its proper ele- . ( c/ >* e >- ." the voiceless consonant corresponding 
ments in the pronunciation of this Dictionary^ as m the w \ c " ? n . d ! * re ftc , n represented in scientific 
Oxford English dictionary, and hi the works of recent Phonology by &*. >* See further under J, G. 
philologists ch is represented m common spelling by: 

... I. A, initial, as in chance, cheer, chirp, chop,churL 

etc.; final, as in beech, which, approach, etc. 

A a A a A a 2. tcA, medial, as in satchel, pitcher; final, as hi 

Roman Italic Script match, witch, etc. 

...._ 3. ch in Ich, nch, final, as in filch, etc., lunch, etc., by 

When the Roman missionaries undertook to write the English orthoepists generally pronounced Ish, nsh 
Anglo-Saxon language m Roman letters, they found sev- f. te unaccented, as in righteous (raichue); in tion 
era! sounds unlike any Latin sounds, and among them the unaccented, as in question (cweschun), etc. 
pair of vowel sounds now heard I in fat, fare. They rec- 5. tu unaccented, as in nature (nechur), venture, etc. 
ogmzed them as intermediate between the Latin a as in 

arm and Latin e as in vein, and made a ligature of these 23. 1> d 

letters (se, as) as a new letter for the new language. The, _,. 

Normans had no such sounds, and the new letters were d - Tnl8 sound as described in the vocabulary is uniformly 
lost from use. They wrote the words which contained represented by d m the common spelling. But see J. 
them with a; and so in our common print a is "loaded , lfcll >i. 

with the sounds of both a and se. A scientific alphabet * "** an 

must separate them again. The Oxford English diction- dh. The digraph dh is assumed for the elementary sound 
ary_has revived the use of the_Anglo-8axon Ugature as, of th in that and named dhl (thee). It is described in 

It is always represented by th 
See dh under TH, p. 2197, 65. 

entiate a and a, to set apart a, a for the old sound in 

3. a is heard before gh = /, nch, nd, nt, but it is writ- father, and use a, a exclusively for the peculiar English 
ten au, as in laugh (tof), launch (lOnch), laundry sound iu at, man. 







(lOndri), aunt (ant), etc. Some of these words have vari- 
ant pronunciations like a in can or like 9 in nor, but 
in the pronunciation here approved au in laugh has the 
same sound as a in scarf. 

4. a occurs ending an accented syllable, as in papa, 
father, so in Oh. 

5. a not Anglicized comprises most of the O's of this 

10. Valiant <j in off, ance, ask, alh, etc. 

) is used to denote words of variant pronunciation like 
ask, fast. These words have a formal pronunciation T 
substantially like a in arm, co/m,ete., and also a frequent L^K a as m /are is found in English words before 


le elementary sound e appears short as hi pen, long 
as in pain (pen), each of whicn varies in unaccented syf- 
lables toward i in pity, as in added, surface (surfgs). 
It is also found obscure as in moment, over, etc. 

The elementary sound a appears short as in at, long 
as in f&re, obscure as in Accord. 

15. Short a in close accented syllables. 





<i. Short e before a consonant, etc. 

pronunciation verging to a hi us, am. An intermediate 
sound has been a favorite American suggestion. Variant 
is found: 
1 . a in off, aft, as in chgff, etc., gf ter, etc. 

2. O in ance, anch, and, an. ant, as in dgnce, etc., 
branch, etc., command, etc., answer, etc., grant, etc. 

3. fj in am in England: example. 

4. a in ask, asp, ass, ait, as in ask, etc., asp, etc., pass, 

Short a is found mostly in accented syllables ending in a 9hort e as in men is found before a consonant in the 
consonant, as cat/tie, ax'is, fat, ran'dom, etc. Bame 8v ii ab le, cutting the sound off short into a pure e, 

as in nt, sell, and in initial ec-, ef-, el-, em-, en-, er-, es-, ex- ; 
it is represented also by a in any (eni). se in foreign 
words, as in jEtna, ai in said, ea in head, ei in heifer, 
eo in leopard, ie in friend, ue in guess, u in bury, etc. 

16. Long a before r in English words. 

r only. It is represented in common print by a in 
care (car), scarce, etc.; by ai in hair (bar), pair, etc.; 
by ea in bear (bar), pear, swear, etc. ; by e m ere (ar), 
there, etc.; by el in their (dhar), heir, etc.; b 

27. Variant $ in nnaccented syllables. 



ss, etc., past, caste, castle, etc. 
. g in M, t- '- ------ - 

_. . , as in bath, pgth, etc. 

6. g for a in scientific terms and names derived from 
Greek or Latin, or formed in analogy with ancient Latin, 
which those who follow the so-callea Continental method 

of pronouncing Latin give the sound of variant g as de- Obscure 
scribed above. 

7. tt for a in foreign 
tablished in pronunciat 

11. Obscure a in nnaccented syllables, and in the 
diphthongs al and au. 

a is used in nnaccented syllables which if accented would 
have strong or variant a sound, but lose their proper res- 
onance - 
scure so 

vein by some old English dictionaries, but the phonetists 
of to-day make a careful distinction. It is a familiar 
sound in Anglo-Saxon, and a similar sound occurs in 
French, German, and some other foreign words given in 
this Dictionary. 

17. Obscure a before doubled consonants in nnac- 
cented syllables. 

as in accord is found in such nnaccented 

frg-, ng-, phe-, rg-, se-, tg-, trg-, vg-, etc. In these words 

_ _ _ _ pedagogic license gives ihe e its name sound ee = l, 

syllables as have a formal distinct pronunciation and lexicographic license prints it with a sign 

n words not fully Anglicized or es- like short a in at, and also a colloquial pronunciation had lengthened and shortened again. So e fin 

.tion as a or a. varying towards u in but, burn, etc. It is found mostly Chile, and ey as in attorney, etc. 

before a doubled consonant, as ji/A/. Acquit (accwit), 
or in syllables which are familiar as separate words with > Obscure e. and jr 

syllables of such words as have 
a formal pronunciation like e in red and a colloquial 
pronunciation varying toward final i (y) in pity, as added, 
elggant, meaning that the pedagogue says ad'ded hi 
class, but ad'id at home, el'eg-ant in class, and el'i-gant 
at home. 

2. For e ending an unaccented syllable which has 
varied toward J, as in initial bg-, eg-, erg-, dg-, g-, fg-, 

as if it 
nal as hi 

the sound of a iu at, as man, countryman. 
18. B b 

Obscure e as in moment, found in unaccented sylla- 
bles, indicates a formal pronunciation of e as in men, 

-- , - r * and also the fact that in colloquial pronunciation it turns 

for want of vocal effort, and verge toward an ob- B, b. The sound b as described in its vocabulary place is toward u in run, rather than to i in pity, and so becomes 
>und like u in but, burn. regularly represented in common spelling by the same momunt rather than momint. Accented fir as in her. 

In partake, monarch, the ar is so distinct in scholarly 
pronunciation, that the orthoepist may hesitate whether 
to print partake or partake, monarch or monarch; break- 
fast is almost distinct enough to be printed breakfast, 
but in liar, final, sofa, the a is obscure beyond doubt. 
a sound is represented by: 

1 . a in ar unaccented, as in liar, monarch, partake, 

2. a in open syllables unaccented, as in abase, amid, 
arise, sofa, ambrosia, etc. 

3. a in close syllables unaccented before continuous 
consonants (variants 1-5, above), as before/ in seraph, 
etc. ; / in final, local, etc. ; m in madam, bedlcm, etc. ; n 
in Grecian, infancy, giant, etc. ; in trespass, compass, 
breakfast, etc. ; th in Sabbath, etc. 

4. a unaccented in scientific terms and foreign words 
not Anglicized. 

6. a in the diphthongs ai and uu. 

12. at 

letter, B, b. 

19. C = K 

The Anglo-Saxon Ian 
lish, the Norman, and ihe 

which is the oldest Eng- 
tin, from which most of 

jerk, ir in stir, etc., is pronounced substantially like ur 
in burn, yet has a formal pronunciation like er in merry. 

e % 

long variant 
29. Long e as in mate, etc. 

the new words came in the early period, all used c for the 
first sound in can and kin (Anglo-Saxon cyn), so that Old 
English used c for the k sound throughout. In Middle Long e as in mate, etc., generally known as the long sound 
English large numbers of words with c = k changed then- of a, is really a prolongation of e in met, and is indicated 
pronunciation without changing their spelling, and c be- by e in early English, French, German, Latin, Greek, and 

;n other languages. For its vanish see vocabulary. It is 

came an ambiguous letter before e, i, and y. A" was thei 
brought into use, giving us kin for cin, king for cing, and 
the like. The pronunciation of this Dictionary accepts 
the historical position, so far as to use c as the common 
letter having always the same sound as k, and to use k 
only in the positions where k is established. 

20. c for c, ch = k, ck, etc. 
c is used: 

1 . For c of the common spelling before a, a, a, an, a, 
a, 8. o, 0, e, e, S, u, 0, u, u, as in pica, cgst, cOrt, cow (cau), 

al as in aisle is a diphthong consisting of a glide be- 

by American phonetists, the latter by southern English. 

represented in common spelling by: 

1 . ea in break, ei in vein, eigh in eight, ey in they. 

2. a before a vowel as in aorisl, etc.; before con- 
sonants and silent e, as in fate, chaste, strange, etc.; 
before mb, nd, ss, in cambric, ancient, bass, etc. 

3. ai in laid, ao in gaol, ay in day, au in gauge, 
aigh in straight. When learned in this key, it will at 
once suggest the proper pronunciation of French. Ger- 
man, Italian, Latin, or Greek words in which it occurs. 

The use of a for the long sound of e by Webster has 
become familiar to many, so that e looks strange hi 
words like abase (abes), fatal (fetal), and the like. 
The elementary sound, however, is e as in met; this pro- 
longation should be represented by e with a diacritic of 

uise this diphthong may be hidde 
common spelling, it is represented by it proper elements 
in the pronunciation of this Dictionary, as in the Oxford 
dictionary, and in the works of recent philologists. 

13. an 

an as in out is a diphthong consisting of a glide be- 
tween a as above described and u as in rude. It is a 
modern growth from 0, like ai from I. In the 16th cen- 
tury it was pronounced and written ou (= o -f- u), and 

7. In x = cs. 

21. k for k, c = k, ch = k, ck, etc. 
k is used: 

1 . For k in t'ae common spelling, as Kate (kt), skate 
(skdt), Koran (korOn), brakeman (brSkmjn), kitten 
(kitn), taking (teking), etc. 

2. For c = k, ch = k, or ck before 6, J, e, e, g, t, J, i, 
iu, IB, as delicate (deliket or -kfit), vacation (vekeshun), 
procuring (prokidring), etc., chemistry (kemlstri), chi- 

loquially more like i in pity; the intermediate sound 
as in edge, use + edge (usage), is the most common. It 
occurs in unaccented ace in palace (pal^s), etc. ; age in 
courage (curej), etc. ; ate in senate (sengt), etc. ; so ain in 
fountain (fauntgn), etc., according to many authorities. 

31. F f 

f is represented in common spelling by: 
1 /i Jfj as in/ate, deaf, off, etc. 

2. pn, in words from Greek, as philosophy, etc., or sup- 
posed: Greek, as sulphur. 

3. gh, in cough (cSf), draught (drgft), enough (gnuf), 
laugh (lof), rough (ruf), slough (slot ), tough (tuf), trough 


it still so prfnted, though the pronunciation changed to mera (kimlro), anarchy (anorki), etc., tacking (taking), g as in go is the sound of the Roman letter, and is al 

au in the 18th century. See 4, 6. 

ways the sound of g (ng is another letter) in the respell- 

au = out; oil; iu = fud, ju = future; c = k; cburcb; db = (Ae; eo, sing, ink; no; thin; xb = azure; F. bon, dune. <,from; ^, obsolete; J, variant. 


mon spelling by /, initial, medial, and final, as in late, 
milder, fait; by U, medial and final, as in follow, roll, etc. 
Syllabic I is often represented by If, as in little (litl), bridle 
(braidl), etc. This should be pronounced as written, 
not like bridal (braidal); so syllabi, not syllabal, and the 
like. Syllabic I should not be pronounced ol, ol, nor el. 

43. M m 

M as described in the vocabulary is represented in com- 
mon spelling bv m, mm, as in map, am, summer, etc. 
Syllabic m, as m chasm, should not be pronounced urn. 

44 N n 

for n for ng French n 

n as described In the vocabulary is represented In common 
spelling by: 
1 . n, nn, as in no, honor, on, banner* etc. 



ivnjUtfo G/cAifd oMhJkcdd 


tog for pronunciation. It Is represented to the common 
spelling by: 

1 9^ Sff, before a, o, u, or a consonant, as in garden, 
good, gun, great, etc., egg, dagger, etc. 

2. gruiaguard,guest,roguish,etc.,plague,fatigue,etc. 

3. gh in ghastly, ghost, burgher. 

4. g in x = gz, as in exalt (egzelt), etc. 
K as iu aye is represented by./. 

33. H, h, hw, ch, etc. 

h as n single letter is described In the vocabulary, and it 
is always represented by h in common spelling; but hw 
Is printed wh. See W. H, h is also used in the digraphs 
ch, dh, ph, sh, th, zh, which represent simple sounds and 
are spoken of to their alphabetic order. 

34. H 

Small capital H is used for foreign forms of rough breath- 
tog, especially in Scotch and German words like loch, 
ach. To make it, place the vocal organs for saying *, 
then attempt to utter A without changing the position of 
the organs. 

35. I 1 

long variant 
Short 1 before a consonant, etc. 

Short 1 as described in the vocabulary is fonnd In Its 
most distinct form: 

1 . In syllables ending in a consonant, represented in 
common spelling by i, as to if, ill, him, bitter, city,JUial, 
etc.; critic, British, etc.; by y, as in system, etc.; ee, 
breeches (brichgz), been (bin), etc.; te, as in sieve; ui, as 
to build, guilt, guinea, etc.; u, as in busy (bizi); o, as In 
women (wimgn). 

2. Prolonged and narrowing a little at the end of syl- 
lables unaccented, represented^ by i initial and medial, 
and by y final, as in Italian, levity, divorce, very (veri), 
city, etc. This i might be distinguished as }; but i has 
been used for simplicity, and j used only in the vari- 
ants toward y entering into iu, as in nature (nfichnr or 
nStjOr), where the tiar varies nearly or quite to tyur, 
chur , and tyur. 

36. Long i = ee 

Long i (ee) (not long ai). the sound of I prolonged, as 
In machine, police, etc., is the i of early English and of 
French, German, Latin, Greek, and other languages. 
See I, in vocabulary place: It is regularly used for tills 
sound wherever it occurs, and is represented in common 
spelling by : 

1 . i in inc. as in machine, marine, etc., so Capuchin, |C . , jj,i / j j > p 
etc.; iaiyue, &e antique, critique, etc.; in igue, aa fatigue, U-*\, aJn. (JnJUYL [ OJnJVri] O 
intrigue, etc. ; in ice, as caprice, police, etc. ; so chemise; 

In He, as profile, etc. 

2. te, as in field, etc.; grief, etc., believe, etc., piece, 
etc.; mien, shriek, etc. 

3. ei, as in ceil, conceive, either, leisure, etc. 

4. e, as in be, he, etc.; ee, as in bee, see,meet,'etc.; ea, as 
In beast, <xat, sea, etc. ; eo, as to people. 

5. te, ay, it, as in Csesar, quay, Phabus, etc. 

6. before r, as in here, career, ear, bier, etc., thus ma- 
king a diphthong with closing r. This is a more frequent 
sound in England than in America; English serious 
str'ius, American si'ri-us. 

2. n, accented before g, as in anger. Angle, English, 
congress, etc. ; accented Before c = K sounds, as in sint 
(singk = sink), puncture, anchor, conquest, anxious 
(angkshus = anc'shas) > (with k silent) anxiety; so 
handkerchief. This ng is usually printed p. 

47. O o 



6> e 


a a 

Q. a, oA/m. 
Q. a OA&. 
jd- a aJi 

J- a |o/u. 

C c 

19 d 



-i /wui/tx t/u/^. 

TL no. Arcrn. (C?/L) 





37. Variant g in dictionary pronunciations, etc. 

Variant | as in rfnerc is used in transcribing the pro- 
nunciation of other dictionaries and in a few words, as 

9- <^ u/ia 

xrL yf\JL 

B;IM (intas), and means that the pedagogic sound is 1J f,~- , 
1 as in machine, and the colloquial a shortening toward . w A/uu*l. 
i in iiity. Word* in which this sign is used for the pro- n . .A 
nunciation of the Century or Webster have in the Stand- cV I, LA, 
ard generally the preferred pronunciation g, aa review, 

38. Diphthongal I 1 
Long 1 = ai as in pine . See under Q, 12. 

39. In In in 

long short obscure 

Iu as in adieu. In as in duration, ifi as in nature (see 
short i, 35, 2) is a diphthongal sound, composed of 1 (in 
it or machine) and u (of full or rule), as mute, duty, etc. 
See under U, in vocabulary. Beginning a syllable, it 
generally appears in the respelling as yn (accented) or 
yu (unaccented), as useful (ynsfui), casual (cazhyual), 
etc. It is represented by: 

1 . ieu, ietv, as in adieu, lieu, view, etc. 

2. en, ew, ui, not after /, j, or r, as in/uo, dew, etc., 
fuit, nuisance, etc., so beauty < beuty, etc. 

3. u, before a vowel, or medial consonants capable of 
beginning a syllable, as imbuing, etc., mule, musing, 
etc., and Defore gn, as impugn, etc.; except after r, l.j 
and sometimes s. So tie as to due, etc. See A, page 
M97, 68, 70. 

40. J < dzh < Ay 

1 as described In the vocabulary is represented by: 

1 . j, initial and medial, as in jam, ajar, etc. 

2. g, ge, gi, gg, as in gender, gill, etc., age, cc 
pigeon, religion, exaggerate, etc. 

3. dg, as in judge, ridge, etc. 

4. di, de, as in soldier, grandeur, and so to verdure 

, vsrjur), etc. 


. JL 
TCL on, 

& /vxxrt 

< rn/ot 
G & cucto-i, 
Cur cur 

^R. A, A/oX 

> Ace. ceJUL 

3 t Lo/vo. 
<DA tA t/wn, 

LL u. f'ult 

~\JL U. AAjJjL 

li iil3/uu/m/cuAjL 

IT r\r u^JD 



U/ ur 

X. DC 





Clu, CLU, 

The elementary soundo appears short in obey and length- 
ened to uld. 

48. Short o in unaccented syllables, etc. 

Short o as in obey is found in unaccented syllables, and 
is used to indicate a sound like o in no, but not so long 
or resonant, as to theory, propose, tomato, etc. H 
weakens freely toward u, and might well in many words 
be printed Q: out as the pronunciation of o as u, tobacco 
as tubaccu, is condemned, it has seemed best to use onlr 
the simple o, without diacritic, or sometimes even witn 
a macron, as tobacco. 

49. Long o in accented syllables, etc. 

Long o as in no is fonnd. 

1 . In monosyllables and in accented open syllables, aa 
so, holy, over, etc. 

2. As au in mauve, eau in beau, ew to sew, oa Infoal, 
oe in toe, ou in soul, ow in row, ough in though, etc. 

50. Variant 6 > o 

Variant o > e: Or is varying in England toward Sr. 
Some phonetists do not recognize an Or, but pronounce 
shore sheu and pronounce oar and or, four and for, 
mourn and morn, alike. 

For the diphthongal sound and notation of 0, see under 
O to the vocabulary. 

51. On on 

See QU under Q, 13. 
52. Q o 

e S 6 > e 9 

short long variant obscure 

This new type is obtained by dropping the breve of 6 
into the body of the type, and is named 6 (awe). 

The elementary sound e appears in not, lengthened 
in nought (e), obscure to actor, atom (g), ana to the 
diphthong ei as to oil. 

53. Short o before consonants, etc. 

Short as in not is found before a consonant: 

1 . Represented by o to a final syllable, as cob, sob, 
pomp, etc. 

2. In other syllables before another consonant or an 
unaccented e or i sound (sometimes other vowels), as in 
comma, model, prophet, tonic, novice, solace, solid, modest, 
etc., scholar, product, etc. 

3* Represented by a to wa, wha, qua, before a final 
consonant sound, as in was, what, quash, etc. 

4. Represented by ou to ough, as in hough, etc., by oa 
to knowledge, oh to John, ach to yacht. 

54. Long 5 in accented syllables, etc. 

Long e as in nor is found : 

1 . In accented syllables ending in or final or followed 
by a second consonant other than r, as or, orb, sort, etc. 

2. In verb-forms ending in or, and taking a second rto 
inflection, as abhorring (-herlng), abhorred (-herd). 

3. Printed ou, as in ought,cough, trough. 

4. Printed oa, as in broad. 

5. Printed au, as in gaudy, etc., aw, as In law, etc. 

6. Printed a before /, U, Ic, Id, Ik, Im, Is, in appal, etc. ; 
all, almost, already, etc.; falcon; bald, etc.; balk, etc.; 
almanac; palsy, balsam, falchion. 

7. Printed a in wa, wha, as to war, wharf, etc., so to 
quart (qu = cw), etc. 

55. Variant 5 > beforejT, ft, ss, st, th. 

Variant e > e before ff,ft, ss, el, th, appears as to off, 
oft, soft, etc.; moss, etc.; frost, etc.; cloth, etc. Such 
words are respelled as 6 or e. 

56. Obscure 9 in unaccented syllables. 

Obscure as in actor is found in unaccented syllable! 
where a pedagogic pronunciation would give e In not and 
a colloquial u in but, burn, as actor, debtor, atom, etc. 

57. ol 

ot as in oil, consisting of S (as in nor) + 1 (as in if). Is 
found in boy, alloy, etc. See 4, 6. 

2. Unaccented en as to heaven (hev'n); on as to lesson oo. r p 

(les'n), etc. p as described in the vocabulary is represented in common 

n as in ink IB merely a graphic variation of ng, used for 

v vcut, 

^4** W 




as in ink Is merely a graphic variation of ng, us 
brevity and beauty before c, g, k, q. 

45. A 

print by p, pp, as in papa, apple, map. 
59. Ph ph 

; nsed In the Scientific Alphabet, 
r P to the vocabulary. 

See F 


81 - an 

41. K = C 

k, a favorite letter In early ages for graving with chisel and 
hammer from right to left, became incongruous and dlf- 
CMt to modern Roman writing, and passed out of nse 

i, etc., n as in bSfl is found in French words, and is used to in- 
dicate that the preceding vowel has a nasal sound. To 
make it, send tne sound of the vowel through the nose 
as much as possible. This sound in French is often rep- 
resented byn^ in common English spelling: but it should [q] = c = k, is not used in the Scientific Alphabet, bu 
not be: so also In Chinese and other strange languages, cw is used for qu when both letters are sounded as 
In which the spelling ng has led to many words to an es- ' 
tablished English pronunciation of ng to place of A. 

46. Ng ng 

among the Romanic peoples and the Anglo-Saxons. It is The digraph ne, assumed from the common spell 
nsed to replace ambiguous c before e, i, y, etc., and to ' 
transliterate k and kn from strange languages. See C 

in queen, and c or k when u is silent, as in piquant 
(ptcant), piquet (plket). See under C; also Q, in tha 

R r 


42. L 1 

_ . . . __ _ , . 
L I as described In the vocabulary is represented to com- 

tag ana named ing, is the sign of the elementary pal- r as described in the vocabulary is represented In common 
atal nasal sound in sing, sang, sung, and the like. It spelling by r.rr, as to rat, herring, bam, beer: in foreign 
is described in the vocabulary 'under G and N. It is rep- words sometimes by rh, rrh, as in rheumatism, dtarrhea, 
resented In common spelling by: etc. The same sign r Is used in the Standard alphabet 

1. ng, final as in sing, wrong, and to derivatives, for opening r as to rat, -brat, and for closing r as in for, 

~ tA,pari. ~ 

linger, wronging. 


, , 
In Southern English there is said to be no 

ofa, firm, oak; at, fate, accord; element, er = over, eight, f = usage; tin, machine, g = renew; obey, no; not, nor, atom; full, rule; but, bOrn; old* 


closing r: the written r is either silent, or represents -jure, -sure, etc. It means that the has a formal pro- 
the vowel n; farther (Kahv), forth (fStrth). See under nunciation us in rate, and also a colloquial pronuncia- 

R, in the vocabulary. 

63. S 

tiou varying toward u'in burn, 

70. Diphthongal u = in. in, ig, etc. 

S, the surd sibilant of the vocabulary, is represented in Por n in music = ifl in duralim = iu in naiun = IB etc 
common spelling by: commonly called long u, see under I, 85, 80. 

1. s, ss, sc, sch, as in so, assume, scent, science, etc., 


2. c before e, i, and y, as in cent, civil, cycle, and be- 
forejsilent e final, as in place, price, force, etc. 

3. x = cs in box, exit, etc. 

63. Mi ah 

71. U tt 

ii as in dune is found in French words. To make it, 
round the lips for Q (oo) and try to say I (ee). 

72. V v 




Tho digraph sh, assumed from the common spell- 
ing and named ish, is the sign of the elementary sound 
closing in wish, opening in she. It is described in the vo- 
cabulary under S. It is represented in the common spell- 
ing by: 

1 . sh, as in show, shadow, wash, etc. 

2. si, ssi, s(e}, sc(i), before an unaccented vowel, as in 
pension, passion, Asia, nauseate, conscience, so in sugar, 
ttfue, etc. 

3. ti, before an unaccented vowel, as in partial, pa- 
tient, nation, etc.. 

4. c(i), ce, che, before an unaccented vowel, as in pro- Short w as in but is found: 

rinfial, ancient, vicious, etc., ocean, etc., luncheon, etc. 1. Mostly in monosyllables or accented syllables end- 
If sh sounds of this sort occur in two successive sylla- ing in a consonant, as unto, upper, in unaccented sylla- 
bles, the former is often sounded s, as in pronunciation hies, as circus, succeed, etc., especially before r, as sul- 

This pair of letters is differentiated from the old U n, 
by making a lower-case like the capital, as in S s, X x, 
V v, W w, etc. It is named from its sound u = u(r). 

The elementary sound u appears in run; it is pro- 
longed in turn. 

73. Short o In i 


5 . ch after /, n, final, as in JUch, pinch, pronounced sh 
by British authorities (see Ch above), and in many 
strange words mainly from French, as champagne, 
charade, chevalier, etc., capuchin, machine, etc. 

64. T t 

t as described in the vocabulary Is represented In common 
spelling by: 

1 . t, tt, as in tale, tatters, hot, butt. 

2. th, as in Thomas, thyme, etc., phthisic, etc. 

3. d, ed, final in preterits and participles after a surd, 
as iu faced (test), asked (<jskt), etc. See T, in vocabulary. 

65. Th th 

fur, etc. 

2. For o before n, ne, ng, m, mb, mp, me, m, th, dh, z, 
as in son, done, tongue, among, comfort, bomb,' compass, 
come, above, etc., nothing, brother, etc., dozen, etc. 

3. For oo in blood, oe in does, ou in double, pious, io in 
sion, -turn, as nation, etc. 

74. Long 6 before r, etc. 

Long if as in burn is found before r only, generally 
followed by a second consonant, as hurl, hurt; for o in 
work, for the German oe in Goethe, or the French eu in 
douceur, etc. To make this German oe or French eu 
sound carefully, round the lips for a (oo) and try to say 
8 (ay). 

75. V v 

The digraph th, assumed from the common spell- , 
ing and named ith, is the sign of the elementary sound v as described in the vocabulary is represented In < 
closing in pith, myth, opening in thin, think. It is dc- spelling by v, as in vat, have. 

ecribecl in tne vocabulary" under' T. It is represented in the 
common spelling by: 

1 . th initial as in thank, thumb, etc. 

2. th medial in words not Anglo-Saxon, as author, 
method, panther. 

3. th final as in bath, birth, length, breadth, width, etc. 

T6. W w 

V as described in the vocabulary is represented by w in 
common spelling, as in wo, beware; wh = hw, as in 
what, whence. 

77. X X 
th in common spelling stands for two sounds: (1) th _ , . , , t__i_u . 

In think, which foreigners often call fink, (2) th in then, * "S.J? tMX is Med "" au abbrev!ati n f > See vocab- 

which they call den. In the pronunciation of the Stand- 

ard Dictionary th is used for the first sound, dh for 78. Y y 

the second: think, dhen. If the words then, they, thy, 

are carefully pronounced and listened to, a vocal mur- Tf ls always a consonant in the pronunciation. See vocab- 

mur will be heard with the opening consonant, like the ulary. 

murmur heard with d in den, day, die, while in think, 79. "Vu yu 

thin, there is no such murmur, but the opening sound 

is atonic like t in link; t is to th as d is to dh, tink is to y = common initial u, unit (yOnit). See vocabulary. 

think as den is to dhen. See Dh above. 

OU. Ml Z 

z, the sonant of s, as described in the vocabulary, is used 
In respelling for z, and for s sounding as z, as in zone, 
rote - 







The two forms of capital and lower-case U n are dif- 
ferentiated In the Scientific Alphabet so as to make two 
sets of letters, U u for the sound in full, U u for the 
sound in up. The first is named from its sound fl (oo). 

The elementary sound u appears in full, and it is pro- 
longed in fool (ful), you (yu), and in the diphthong in 
after a consonant (yu beginning a syllable), few (flu), 
union (yQnyon), and obscure in injure (injijr). 

67. Short u in/ 1 '//, in Roman pronunciation of Latin, 


Short n as in full is found: 

1 . In putt, bull, bullet, bulrush, pulpit, etc. 

2. In the syllable ful, as cupful, etc. 

3. After s = sh, as censure, sugar. 

4. Before sh, as in bush, push, cushion, etc. 

6. In wo, as in woman, wolf, etc.; ml, as in could, oo 
as in book, good, etc. 

6. In syllables short in quantity in the Roman pronun- 
ciation of Latin and in strange languages. 

68. Long u after r, I, j, etc., and in Roman pro- 

nunciation of Latin. 

Long Ii as in rule is found: 

1. Mostly after r, I, or j, as in rude, etc. 

2. Printed ew, etc., as in crew, lewd, jew, rheum, etc. 

3. Printed ui, as in cruise, fruit, juice, etc. 

4. Printed ou, as in you, through, youth, etc. ; and words 
lately from French, as tour, croup, soup, etc., route, 
rouge, etc., bouquet^ routine, etc. 

5. Printed oo as in food, wooing, etc. 

6. In accented long syllables in the Roman pronunci- 
ation of scientific or Latin words and in strange lan- 

69. Obscure ft In -jure, -sure, etc. 
Coscnre fl as in Injure is found in the terminations 

The digraph zh is assumed in analogy with sh, for 
the elementary sonant corresponding with the sh, and 
named zht (zhee). It is the sound of si (= zy) in -sion 
after an accented vowel, as in occasion, vision, etc., and 
of the si (= zy) implied In su as in composure (= cem- 
pozynr, cempOzhur), pleasure, etc., casual, etc., and 
of ge in French rouge, etc. See under Z, in vocabulary. 

82. Doubled Consonants. 

A doubled consonant represents a consonant prolonged 
or held so that the closing of the organs and the opening 
of them are separated, usually to different syllables, as 
luun-noticed,un-7iatural. Most of the historical doubled 
consonants in English are now pronounced as single, but 
when they are between a distinct short vowel ana an ac- 
cented syllable of separate significance both are retained, 
as in ac-cord; the first to represent the closing of the 
organs necessary to complete the short vowel in ac-, the 
second as necessary to the significance of -cord. 

83. Orthography. 

In respelling a word for pronunciation It is necessary 
to determine in the first place by observation or testimony 
what are the elementary sounds of which the word is 
composed. Then the letters of the scientific alphabet 
which represent those sounds are written in their proper 
order. All other letters which may be found in the word 
as commonly spelled are omitted, however interesting 
they may be" for history or philology. This would give 
an accurate representation of the word as far as it is usu- 
ally represented in common writing or printing. But in 
the scientific orthography of this Dictionary nicer shades 
of vowel sound are indicated by diacritics as explained 
on page 2194. Those who use the Standard are warned 
against the pedagogic inclination to give each unac- 
cented vowel its name sound at the end of a syllable, 


and its common short sound In the midst of a syllable, 
saying, S-raiz for arise, t-vent for event, ai-talian for 
Italian, pronouncing the last syllable of Roman like 
man, of errant like rant, and the like. The spoken 
word is further marked by accents. 

84. Accents. 

The syllable which has the principal stress is marked 
in this Dictionary by an acute accent after it, '. Syllables 
which have stress, but less than the primary, are marked 
with a secondary accent, '. The secondary accents have 
been used more freely than is usual. The rhythm of 
English speech seldom permits more than two syllables 
of a word to be pronounced in succession without an ob- 
servable difference in stress. There are- many words, 
however, in which three or four or more syllables are 
without as much stress as a common secondary accent. 
In such cases secondary accents have been often used to 
mark the syllable of slighter stress; but initial syllables 
followed by an accented syllable are left without printed 
accent, though they often have distinct vowel quality, 
and syllabic combinations like an accented syllable. 

In determining the place of the accents, a conflict is 
found between the Germanic and the Greco-Romanic 
principles of accentuation. The first places the accent on 
the syllables most important to the thought, the root 
syllable or the most important modifier, usually at the 
beginning of the word. The other places the accents for 
rhythm, the length of the two last syllables setting the 
cadences. Our scientific terms and a large part of our 
literary words come to us with the rhythmical accent. 
New compounds of Greek and Latin words are accented 
at first according to the length of their penultimate 
syllables. But there is a strong tendency with men of 
science to use the Germanic principle, to separate com- 
pounds into their original parts, and give each its own 
accent. The chemists of the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science have formally adopted this 
principle for their technical terms. A considerable 
number of other scientific terms have an acknowledged 
pronunciation of the same kind. This Dictionary has 
desired to record all such as alternative if not accepted 

85. The Division of Syllable*. 

The division of syllables in this Dictionary is intended 
to represent the divisions of pronunciation. They are 
determined partly by physiological laws of motion to 
produce the proper sounds, partly by movement of pur- 
pose to bring out the thought. 

The short vowel sounds are characterized by their 
close combination with following consonant sounds. 

The accented syllable attracts the adjacent consonants. 

These are physiological laws which largely determine 
the division of syllables. 

But there are frequent combinations of letters in which 
more than one division may be made that will equally 
give the correct sounds and observe the physiological 
laws. In such cases the division has been chosen that 
will exhibit the significant parts of the word most plainly. 

This me_thod of division has been most freely used in 
the technical terms with which this book abounds. 
These are in fact different from colloquial speech in be- 
ing primarily written words. Their inventors do not 
think about their pronunciation. Many of them never 
are pronounced. They are made of bits of Greek looked 
up ill dictionaries, and never heard. It is of extreme 
importance to make their parts plain to the eye. It has 
seemed best to favor this purpose as much as possible in 
the division of syllables. 

86. Variant Pronunciation. 

When pronunciations are given with much nicety, dis- 
tinctions are introduced more subtle than the understand- 
ing requires. Different pronunciations are brought out, 
which are equally common, equally good, equally used 
by the same person. It is therefore incorrect to give one 
of these pronunciations an absolute preference. A thor- 
ough treatment requires that the conditions and connec- 
tions in which each pronunciation is used shall be 
observed and stated. This is done to some extent in this 
Dictionary. A few of the most common conditions of 
variation have been applied, the most important of 
which are those which are included in the words col- 
loquial and technical or scientific. Others occasionally 
introduced are poetical, devout, humorous, in certain old 
phrases. Pronunciation is really a work of art, one of 
the fine arts. A great orator or conversationalist deals 
with varying shades of voice as the artist with the tones 
of a violin. 

In one great class of words, scientific terms not col- 
loquial, it has been found that there are two general 
schemes of pronunciation: one, the so-called English 
method, which has been given in the dictionaries, an- 
other following in the main the Continental method of 
pronouncing vowels, which is used by most of the scien- 
tific men. It has seemed due to lexicographic accuracy 
to record the current pronunciation, and it has been 
given as an alternative with that of former dictionaries. 

The liberality of the publishers of this Dictionary pro- 
vided a comprehensive collection of original materials 
for the study of pronunciation from all regions of the 
English-speaking world, a collection such as has never 
before been at the command of any editors. It is hoped 
that the use of it in the Standard may promote the uni- 
form and accurate pronunciation of English all over the 

out; ell; lu-Seuii, Jj} = future; c = k; church; <lh = Wu; go, Ding, ink; BO; thiu; zl = uzuie; f, bon, done. <,/rOI; t,ubsulete; $, variant 




List of terms used. 

List of varieties. 

Comparative table of charac- 

Table of stocks and tribes of 

American Indians. 
animal kingdom 

The various divisions. 
Divisions of the subject as the 
science of man, as a depart- 
ment of natural history, and 
as a branch of theology. 

Table of varieties, 

List of varieties and terms. 

List of terms used, and distribu- 

tlon of the subject. 

Scheme of the science, 

Illustration of parts. 

Division of the subject. 

Illustration of arterial system. 

Illustration of disease-germs. 

Table of varieties. 
bark>, n. 

Table of barks used for medi- 
cine, In the arts, etc. 

List of terms used In the game. 

List of electric batteries. List 

of military batteries. 

Table of black pigments, etc. 

List of terms used. 

Table of blue pigments, etc. 

Illustration of human skeleton, 

with parts named. 

Divisions of the science. 

Table of varieties. 
b reiving 

List of terms used. 

List of terms used. 

List of varieties. 

Table of brown pigments, etc. 

List of U. S. govt. bureaus. 

Explanation of Greek, Roman, 
Hebrew, and other calendars. 

U. S. car-load measures. 

List of terms used. 

List of varieties. 
cat', n. 

List of breeds. 

Illustration of breeds. 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 
chuck i 

List of varieties. 

Distribution of the science. 

List of varieties. 

Classifications of cloud.forms 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties of mechanical 


Table of varieties. 

Table of the moneys of the 
world, and plate of anc. corns. 

Illustration showing parts. 


Classification of conjunctions. 

Table giving positions. 

List of varieties of maize. 

Theories on the subject. 

Divisions and chief theories. 

List of varieties. 

Table of cranlometrlcal points, 
lines, planes, etc. Illustrations 
of facial Index and angle and 
in iniiit of the cranium. 

List of terms used In the game. 

List of different forms. 

Illustration of noted crowns, 

Colored plates of decorations of 


List of university degrees. 



able and plate of breeds. 

List of varieties, 

Table of chemical element!. 

List of motive engines. 

Distribution of the science. 

Forms of, in knowledge and In 


List of varieties. 

Classification of fallacies In 


Classifications of. In rhetoric, 

grammar, and logic. 

Colored plates of flags. 

Classification and analysis of 


List of terms used. 

Table and plate of breeds. 

List of varieties. 

Colored plate of gems. See also 

list of precious stones. 

Division of the science. Chart 
Illustrating epochs, forma- 
tions, groups, etc. 

Deaf-and-dumb alphabet. 

List of varieties. 

List of terms used In the game. 

Table of American varieties. 

Table of varieties. 

Table of green pigment*, etc. 

Table of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

Table of holidays recognized In 

the United States. 

Plate of breeds. See PROGRESS- 

li n in a 11 kingdom 

Divisions of mankind. 
I iido= European 

Divisions of languages. 
Inductive method 

Scheme of the principles. 

Classification of musical Instru- 


List of varieties of mechanical 


List of varieties. 

Illustration of forms. 


List and Illustration of varieties. 
lake (pigment) 

Table of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

Elements and morphological 
and ethnological classifica- 

Classification of law, and Impor- 
tant laws, physical, civil, etc. 

Division of the subject. 
List of varieties of mechanical 


Illustration of parts of a pas- 

Divisions of the subject. 

Illustration of typical heads of 
race-stocks and schemes of 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 
marine engine 
Illustration of parts of a triple* 

expansion engine. 

Properties and states of matter, 
and theories of Its constitu- 


Table of measures of length of 
the world, also measure-signs 
In music. 

Kinds In verse and hymnology. 
Explanation of Metric System 

Table of varieties with constltu* 


List of terms used. 

Classification of moods In logic. 

Illustration of progressive mo- 
tions of the horse In various 

Classification of muscles. 
Illustration of muscular system 

of man. 

Division of the subject. 
List of varieties. 


List of varieties. 

Colored plate of national and 

State coats of arms. 

Scheme of Nature. 

List of varieties. 

Illustration of nervous system 

of man. 

List of varieties. 

Forms of arithmetical notation, 
and table of numerical sym- 
bols and names. 

List of varieties. 

List of military and naval offi- 

Table of varieties. 

List from the United States and 

British Pharmacopoeias. 

Table of orange-colored pig- 
ments, etc. 

Plan of arrangement. 

Table of orders of knighthood. 


Section of a pipe-organ. 

Table of sizes. 


Table of varieties. 

Table of varieties. 
List of terms, and illus. of prin- 

Divisions of the subject, and list 

of schools. 

Diagram of the human head. 
physical sciences 

Divisions from the old point of 

view and from the new. 

List of varieties. 

Table of major and minor plan- 

Colored plate of familiar flower- 
Ing plants. 

List of varieties. 

List of terms used. 

Divisions of the subject. 
political economy 

The principal schools. 

List of varieties. 

Table of sizes. 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

List of terms used. 

List of varieties, and Illustration 

with parts named. 

List of types. 

Explanation and Illustration of 

proof-readers' marks. 

Subject of the science and vari- 
ous schools. 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

Table of red pigments, etc. 

Classifications of religions. 

Division of the subject. 

List of kinds. 

Geological classification. 

Illustration of method of manu- 

List of printers' rules. 

Table of runic alphabets. 

Illustration of different forms. 

Table of satellites. 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties of balance. 

Division of the subject. 
sere w 

List of varieties. 

Plate of State Territorial, and 

national seals. 

Plate of breeds of sheep and 


Illustration of rigs and their 


Characters of different systems. 

Illustration of flag-signals and 
gni p,,ot.flags. 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

Colored plate of solar spectra, 
and table of colon. 


List ofVariettes. 
Table, also map or northern 

celestial hemisphere. 
Plan of an ocean 


List of varieties. 

Table of precious and orna- 
mental stones. 

List of organ-stops. 

List of varieties. 
Table of varieties with method 

of manufacture. 

Scheme of the supernatural. 

List of forma. 

For different breeds, see SHEEP. 

Illustration of historical devel- 

Analysis and classification 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 
List of terms used in lawn-tea- 

nis and court-tennis. 
theological science 

Divisions of the subject. 

Phases and systems. 
Critical theories of the Old Tes. 


Thermometrlcal scales com- 

List of varieties. 

Table of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

Illustration of sizes. 

List and tables of physical units. 
especially In electricity and 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

List and Illus. of different forms. 
vegetable kingdom 

Divisions of the subject. 
Principal English versions of 

the Bible. 

Table of violet pigments, etc. 

List of varieties. 

Classifications of voice In pho- 
nology and grammar. 

Illustration of parts. 
Table of standard units o* 

weight of the world. 

List of varieties. 

Table of white pigments, etc. 
Theories of the freedom of tb 


Classification of winds. 

Table of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

List of varieties. 

Table of yellow pigments, etc. 
Divisions of the science. 


ask; at, fare, accord; element, er = ovr, eight, e = usage; tin, machine, g = wnew; obey, no; net, n6r, at ? m; full, rule; but. bom; aisle; 











In this department of the Dictionary all words In full-face type have been accented 
and syllabicated to aid In their pronunciation. The vocabulary words have been re- 
spelled, according to the system followed throughout the Dictionary, except where the 
syllabication and accentuation seem sufficient to Indicate the pronunciation. Greek and 
Latin names have usually been pronounced in dictionaries by the English method only ; 
but since the Roman method Is now much used, It is desirable that It also should be indi- 
cated here. By applying to the vocabulary word in full-face type the key at the bottom 
of the pages or that given in the " Roman" column of the LANGUAGE KEY (p. 2192), the 
Roman pronunciation is learned. In the case of names from other foreign languages, 
by substituting for the English key the key In any one of the columns (i. g., Danish or 
French) of the Language Key, the pronunciation of names according to the phonetics 
of the language Indicated in that column is learned. With many Greek names a variant 
is given, showing the Greek spelling transliterated Into Roman characters with Greek 
accents and marks of length, so that the Greek pronunciation is set forth as completely 
as it would be by printing In Greek characters. 

Biblical names of less importance appear without definition, being recorded 
for proounciatlon merely. 

Etymologies in brackets are given after some names to explain their origin 
and meaning; thus, "Abihail [Heb., mighty; Bib.}," signifies that " Abihall" Is from 
the Hebrew, means " mighty," and Is found In the Bible. 

Figures following the location of (1) a mountain, Indicate Its height above 
sea-level ; (2) a bay, a gulf, an Island, or the like, Indicate its area ; (3) a river, indicate its 

Figures in brackets indicate dates of birth and of death. If followed by a note 
of Interrogation, as [1794?-1850], the date queried Is not certainly known. If preceded by 
a minus-sign ( ), as [114-45], the dates Indicate years before the Christian era. 

Geographical names are generally spelled according to the forms adopted by the 
" United States Board on Geographic Names." 

Names in brackets, In small capitals (followed by Italics), are used In entries 
of characters from works of fiction, poems, dramas, etc., to Indicate the author of the 
work, the Italics being the title of the work in which the character Is to be found; thus, 
"Alfred Jingle [DICKENS Pickwick Papers]" Indicates that Jingle Is a character In 
Dickens's novel entitled " Pickwick Papers." 

Statistics of population are derived from the latest census reports, some of 
which are preliminary reports. Discrepancies between census statistics are due to re- 
vised figures In completed reports. Where completed reports are wanting the statistics 
are supplied from the most recent reliable authority. 

Proper names omitted from this list will (if important) usually be found in the 
vocabulary proper. Names of living individuals only when of difficult or disputed pro- 
nunciation are given. 

Special Abbreviations and Signs. 

p., population 
par., parish 
philos., philosopher 
phys., physician 
physlol., pbyslolo- 

D , square mites 

* , capital 

, county-seat 

ant., antiquary 

Arch., archipelago uci., ucicntcu 

Baluch., Baluchistan destr., destroyed 

B. C., British Columbia disc., discovered , ,, 

bp., bishop Egy., Egypt mkt., market prln., principality 

bpl., birthplace E. R., East Riding Newf., Newfoundland t., town 

c., city . est., estimated Oc., ocean w., wife, wide 

For other abbreviations, except such as are obvious from the context, see ABBKEVI- 


cen., central f., father 

cent, or c., century k., killed 

clrcum., clrcumfer- 1., length, long 
ence m., married, miles 

def., defeated Madr., Madras 

mfg., manufacturing 
miss., missionary 

)lit., pol 




A l>.-s:i 

Aa'chen, fl'ken [fountains]. 1. Govt.; Rhine prov., Prus.; dynasty [1509-1736], Including Abbas I. Ab-bas'idesti A'bel 1 [Heb. Hebel, a breath]. 1. 'bel. [Bid.] Second son 
1,606 c ; p. 5*1,556. 2. Same as AIX-LA-CHAPELLE. Ab-bas'idsii Ab-biut'nidest. of Adam. 2. Sir Frcd'er-ick AU-KUK'IUH 1 1826-19021, 

Eng. chemist; director Imp. Inst. 3. Q'bel. Jo'seph 
statesman; [1768-1818], Aust. painter. 4. a'bel. Niels Hen'rik [1802- 


.'gard, o'gflrt, Niels Lau'vid-sen [1612-1657], Danish Ab"be-o-ku'la. Same as ABKOKUTA. 

rlter. Ab"bett', ab'et' 1 .1-1.11 '. 16-en' [1836-1894], Am. si 

Aal* SI, Ja'cob [1775-1844], Norwegian political writer. 

I IM I I . *> u 

ov. of N. J., 1 

1829], Norwegian math. 

Aal'borg, el'befg [eeltown]. 1. Amt; Jutland; 1,133 D- Ab'be-ville, ab'e-vil. 1. Co.; W.N. W. part of S. C.; 1,006 A'be|2 [Heb.. meadow], anc. city; Palestine. 
_ p. 128,656] 2. Seaport; Jutland, Denmark; p. 31,457. o; p. 33,400. 2._}ts 0; p_. 3,766.^3. flb'vfl'. Townj Somme A^bei^jHeb.), Jamentati^n; mpurnlng^ln^nKDes oj places. 

de'pt., Fr.; p. 19,669. 4*. Tow'n;'Hen'ry"co"."Ala." p" SJ'^'ST Ab"e-lard, J ab'g-iard, Pierre" [ib79^li42f,"Fr". scholastic; 
Aa'le-suna, O'lg-sunt, town; district Romsd'al, W. Norway; Town; Wllcox co., Ga.; p. 1,152. 6. Town; Vermilion par., J? ! _ e< l_* ec J 8 !, v . c Jy_ t ?? J 8 ,9!?! t l c -! n ,^?, n( ; r . * Philosophizing; 

Aa'len, Q'l|n, town In Wurttemberg.^Jer.; p. 7,W5 

p. 6,902. 

statesman; prime mmlster, 187<T 6. Rob'ert 1 1560-16171,'kng. prelate; opponent of Laud. city; Palestine, In Jordan valley (,Jfin gs xlx, 16-19). 

Aar'on. ar'un [Heb. Aharon, mountaineer or enllghtener]. Ab"bot-a-bad'. ab'ut-u-hfld', t.; Punjab. Ind.; p. 10,163. A''bel = Mlz'ra-ini, c bej-mlz ra-lm or .mlz-re'lm [Heb., 
1. [-1574-1451] [Bib.] First Jewish high priest; brother of Ab'bots-ford, ab'uts-ferd, residence of Sir Walter Scott: the mourning of Egypt: jW&.l, the floor of Atad. cast of Jor- 
Moses. 2.[SHAK. Titus And.} A Moor, loved by Tamora. ataford on Tweed Rlv.,3m. from Melrose Abbey, Scotland, dan, where Joseph and his brothers mourned their father. 

Moses. 2. LSHAK. IUUH Ana.} A Moor, loved by Tai 
Aarl'sen, Qrt'sen, Pie'ter [1519-1573]. Dutch painter 

ndantofGad. 2. [MILTON Pnratllxe Lost.\ A faithful co., Wash.; p. 3,747. 6. C.; * Aberdeenco., Scot.; p. 144,96 
- --- ,,. iph or angel who opposed Satan s revolt. Ab"er-tta-veu'ny, ab'er-ga-ven'i or ab'er-g^'nl, market- 

42,1100. A.bad'zat. Ab'don, ab'den [Heb.J. 1 . Lev. city. 2. [-1165-1112] Judge, town; Monmouth co., Eng ; p. 7,886. 

Ab"n-si'tU, ab'a-sal'tls [Gr.], district; ancient Phrygla. Abd"=uhA"ziz', abd'-nl.a'zlz'. 1. [1830-1876] Turkish Ab"er-ge'le, ab'gr-gfle, t.; Denbigh co , Wales- p 3194 
. SI/ 1 ",*?,?' S'""5 BS l r J) E 8yP tlan sacred Island. sultan. 2. [1880- ] Sultan of Morocco. A"ber-(t\vi'li, a-ber-gwf'll,market-town; Carmarthen Co., 

Ab"a' U'j Tor'na, eb'e' O'l tOr'na, co.; Hung.; 1,117 o; Abd">uhlla"niid' II., abd'-Bl-ha'mid' [1842- ], sultan Wales; p. 2,020. 

p. 180.258. of Turkey. Ab"er-na'thy, town; Cleburne co., Ala.; p. 1,548. 

A"bau"zil', a'bo-zt', Flrmin' [1679-1767], Fr. philos. Abd"ul-lah' s el<Tai-fibi [1849-1899], khallfah of the Su- Ab'er-neth-y, ah'jr-neth.l, John. 1 . [1680-1740] Irtih 
Ab'ba Ja'red, ab'ba ya'ret, mt.; Abys.; 14,714ft. dan; k. In battle at Om Debrlkat. dissenting clergyman. 2. [1764-1831] Eng. surgeon 

Ab"bas', gh-bgs' or flb'bas. 1. [566-52] Uncle and helper Abd"=ul=Me-jid', -me-J!d' [1823-1861], Turkish sultan. Ab'er-sych"an, ab'er-suc'an.t.; Monmouth, Eng.; p. 15,296. 

califs [at Bagdad, 749-1258, in Egypt to 1517]. t. L Persian Ger. philologist. 

Bonification of abbeys and convents. 

an = out; 011; IO = feud, 5 = future; c = k; cburrh; db = the; go, flag, 

BO; tliln; Bb = aiore; F. boA, dtiue. <,/rom; i,obioltte; I, variant. 




u-bul'dun [Heb. .father of Judgment]. 


a.ib. 4,489. 3. 

f^^.]. A-bin'o-emt. A-c 
&&B&9KS&X* A 

. , .. ^ 

a-kr us, Greek tragic poet; fl. _. A-ehai- 
4-Wya, and E'lU, Mis, nome; More*, Or, 1,901 

A3Sh't5/oB3?i-ai or a-bal'she [Heb., father of a gift; A'c'han, e'kan [Heb., troubler; fflj.]. saci-ll. thief; fl -1450. 
%,M [ -1030?], Jewish general, nephew of David. A- A-chard', Q-shai- 1. Francois' Charles ior Franz 
iii-'ii-i . Karl [1753-1821], Fr.*Ger. chemist. 2. Lou^is' Am"- 

A-bUl.'n-lom,Q-bl8h'a-lem [Heb., father of peace; W4]. e ,, dee , Eu"Kne' [1814-1875] FT. journalist, novelist, etc. 
A-bUh'n-a.a-blslru-aorab'l-8hu'a[Heb.,fatberofsafety; A-cha'tes, a-M'ttz [ 

.n-om,Q-- ., . e 

bUh'n-a.a-blslru-aorab'l-8hu'a[Heb.,fatberofsafety; A- 

hose father Is dew; JJ. wife of I 

- . , , . 1 D 

z [VEKGIL ^Eneid], friend of ^Eneas. p 26 328- 


6 Corning.- 19. Co.V W. 
*io rn s F 

en iowa;' 4M D;'p' 
\fis . j/m n- n <tfiiii- 
M Hastin 31. Cc .S. O.; 488 

est Union 32 Co S S E Penn-535o-p 

t-bi'iifl. a-bal'ud [Heb., Btb.l. an ancestor of Christ. *.,,..- i ,,n 

Ib'm-r.ab'ner [Heb., father oi light; UH>.] [ -1055?], Jew- AcV'e-ru'Vi-a 

Ish general; cousin of Saul. 

Ab'iui-ba. ab'no-ba [L.], mt. range; anc. Germany. 

Gr. rlver.god. 3. Anc. G, rly. 


g^JSSfe ^i.^Co f 

t Gr.J. v, !* ..<*. . ~.~ -- -~. ... ... 

i^e^rn'si-a, ak'-ru'shl-a, a lake or a cavern said by Jnd.Tp."withlp'.', G67.''3^'v7l.THTl'ls<ial"co',SflciT"ir"wltii 
icient writers to be connected with the lower world, tp 1 522 38. Vll ; Jefferson co., N. Y.; p. with tp., 3.081. 

A-che-rou-si'at [Gr.]. Ad'am'g Bridge, sand.banks and rocksSOm. long; Gulf 

ch'ill, ak'll, Isl.; westoflrn 1 ' " """ 


!l-> :-<, . Fr. novelist; .Iraniatlst: Journalist. A 

:"' lbr5 ' P v --' x - Luzon lel - A "- Isl8 ' ; 3 ' 280 D: " 49 '- A 

ka. S . 

A'ci, ff'chsTspt.; Sicily, It.; p. 22,431. . 

f-cho'ri-u B , as-f-co', Gallic general; fl. -280. 

_ .'. nat. 

;' r ' P v --' - uzon e - - s8 ' ; ' : '- Ac"-cho'ri-u B , as--co', Gallic genera; . -280. a , a , itjy; tributry of the Po d'du-at. 

.'K ; VK g ?; /-.h^-Mn.r T/.,.^ luwiTOi Port,, A'cis, c'sls. 1. [Mytli.] A Sicilian shepherd; rival of Poly- Ad'ding-ton, ad'lng.tirn. 1. Ifen'ry [1757P-1844], Eng. 

A ^^^^w*C2i^ i /M^ 1 !^ffliSS: g^gs ^1 of dalatea - 2 - B ' yer; anclent Slclly - i t ,s ! a D n; 2 , fl L 6 [ W""*" 0001 - * Co - ; Ont - Can - ; 

i?h7 n B ;ip a i'' t |^ a d 1 e7^irtn ln &'i'nSSr S lTpnir*isls en D t - A'^is and Gal"a.te'a,;a, serenata bv Handel. j^i^ou. rSd'lWn f fTo'seph [16T2-1719], Eng. essay- 
A'brade I'lae, detlflg, town, Mlndoro Isl., rnn. Isls., p. Ack'er-mann, flk'sr-mfln. 1. Jo'hann Chris'ti-an I8t and poet; principal contributor to the Spectator. 3. 

o !., C'hrnh.m rneh father nf a multitude- B/ft 
ra-hRin.C bra-ham [Heb ;..her of a muimude, , y; 6. 

h,n-/i r ^ i';= j?L'S fl^hrt'hfin^ It ^ A"h?' , ., . . 

/l. r.^rn^'mn VJ. 4 "'hrn hSo Vi-t rfi nun- 4V Ack'ley, ac'll, town; Hardln co., la.; p. 1,4 
i!^ V / r.-hrkjf^i r wEiwii nrn5Sm 1 the A"con-ca'eua,'gwa. 1. Vole.; 
' brfl-an ] [- 1996 - 1821 ]- progenitor of the ' > 

Gott'lleb [1756-1801], Gr. physician; med. writer. 3. 
Ku , do |p n [ 1764-18341. Ger.-Eng. art publisher. 
Ack'er-vllle, town; WBook co., Ala.; p. 1,376. 

rich Megerle; 

A 'brain, 7 6~bram [Heb.,' father of a height; Sib. Abe 
(dim.). F. A"bram', a'brfln'; It. A-bra'mo, S-brS'- 
m5; L. A"brii-ha'inuH. G'bra-he'mus; Sp. A-bram', 


est Qf thg nde8| ^ i867 f t 
San Felipe. 



. . Ar 

a> Prov chlle . 

poet; principal . . 

Thom'au [1793-1860], Eng. physician and teacher. 3. Co.; 
w. cen. Vt.; 734 D; p 21,913; & MIddlebuvy. 4. vfl.; Du 
page co.. 111.; p. with tp., 2,080; Lutheran seminary, etc. 
5. Vll.; feteuben co., N. V.; p. 2,637. . Vll.; Washington 
co.. WlB.; p. with tp., 1,810. 

Rep.; high- .. .; . ., ,. 

D ; p. 113,- Ad'di-san of the Korth [Sobr.], Henry Mackenzie [1745- 
1831, author of The Man <tf Feeling. 

3. Jo-s^' de [1539-1600], Spanish before any legislation had been effected, 
missionary In America; historical writer. 3. Uriel. See Ad'dy, ad'l. See ADELINE. 

on', BdM-fittm', vll.; Hamilton CO., O.; 

2,000 ft. high, near Corinth, Greece. 

. , . . . , 

1 000 000- now Aqulla Chltl, and Teramo provs , . , , . 

Ab'n-lom, ab'sa-lgm [Heb., father of peace]. 1. [.Hi.] Ac-t'on, ac-tl'en \Xytli.], a hunter, said to have seen Dl- A"d^"lie' Land, 
Rebellious son of David. 3. [DEYDEN Absalom anil ana bathing, been turned by her Into a stag, and killed by long. 140" E. 
AcliitoplitL] The duke of Monmouth, Illegitimate son of his dogs. A-ktal'onS [Gr.]. Ad 

Charles II. of Eng.; satirical sobrlguet. Ac'li-um, ac'shl-nm, prom.; anc. Gr.; Octavlus Caesar def. 

, Ad'cl-cnrd. ad'el-gard [Tent, 
Ad"e-ll'ci-at. See ADELINE. 

antarctic region, lat. 63 8.; 

ng. . 

'e-line, ad'c-Ialn [OG., of noble birth; a princess. A 

-lineti Ad'e-lat I Ad'e-laidetj Ad"e-li'cl- 


A-cush'net Town, a-cnsh'net, Bristol co., Mass.; p. 1,221. A'den, fl'den or 6'den, peninsula and fortified town, chief 

Egypt. 3. City; ancient Mysla. 

Prussians"; martyr. 

ab'Ma; mt.; anc. Afr.; opposite Calpe. Ad"a-li'a, ad'a-loTo. 1. [B(4.] One of the ten sons of Ad'm'ah, ad'mQ [Heb., fortress; Mb.], city near Sodom. 

b*ys-ln'i-a, ab'l.sln'lKvcountry; N. E. Afr.; 150,000 D; Haman Estker Ix, 8. Ad'n-li;. 3. O^M'll-a. jFormerly Ad-me'te, ad-mi'U, dau. of Eurysthcus. Ad-mS'teJ [Gr.]. 
p. 3,500,000^ * Gondar; p. 5,000. At-ta'li-a, chief spt.; S. coast Asia Minor; p. 5,000. Ad-me'tus [Myth ] Thessalonlan king; husband of Alces- 

9FJ -*" /uim. MI> 
Ab*y-in'i-a, ab-f-sin 

. 'a-ce'Bi-uin. ac'd-s'l'stil-um, town; ancient Arcadia. Ad'a-IIne, Ad'e-la, Ad'e-laide. 

A-ca'ci-uB, a-kfi'shi-us, any one of several bishops and pa- Ad'am, ad'am [Heb., red earth, earth-man, man. 

trtarchs. 4th and 5th centuries. A-ka'kl-ox: [Gr.]. 
Ar"a-dom'ic t'it'y, Worcester, Mass.. In allusion to the 

number and excellence of Its educational Institutions. 
A-ca'dl-a, a-ke'dl-a. 1. Nova Scotia; region occupied by 

early Fr. before their expatriation by English, 1755: early 

Fr. and present poetic name. See Longfellow's Evangel- 

See ADELINE. tls. A 'diiir-t *: [Gr.]. 

. , , Dan. D. Ad'mi-rn-ble Crich'ton. See CHBICHTON, JAMES. 

G. A'lliiin. fl'dflm; F. A"dam', O'dfln'; It. A-da'- Ad'mi-ra-ble Doc'tor, Roger Bacon. 
mo, G-dG'mo; Pg. A-dao'. fi-daun'; Sp. A-dan', fi-duu']. A d'ini-ral-t > Inland, off Alaska: 1. -i 


laska; 1.90m. 

nt poetic name. See Longfellow's Evan- , . . 

ofti, finn, fu)k; at, fare, accord; element, jr = over, Sight, % = wage; tin, machine, j = renew; 

mo, -m; g. -o. -aun; p. -an, -u. m-rn-y xan, ; .. 

1. [Bib.} The first man. 3. [SHAK. As You Lite /(.] A Ad'mi-ral-ty Is'landa, groupN.E.of N.Gulnea.Pac.Oc. 

[1786-1862], Ger. Ad'na, Ad'nah, ad'na [Heb., pleasure; Sift.]. 

der [1741-1809], A-dol'phus, a-del'fos [Teat., noble wolf. A-dolph't. 
Dnlph (dim.). Dan. D. A'dolf, fl'delf; F. A"dolphe', 

. . . 

faithful old servant. 3. Al'brecht 
painter; bat tie. scenes. 4. Al"ex-a , 

Scot, teacher and classicist. 5. Sir Fred'er-lck [1781- 

- np m.. . . o, ; . , 

obey, n; nt, nSr, at^m; full, rule; but, born; aisle; 

2201 PROPER NAMES. Adolplmn von Nassau 


----- , ---- 
A-do'ni. town; Bellary dist.. Madras, Brit. Ind.; 

ventures of ^Sneas. A '(rows", fl'gauz', a people of Abyssinia, Amlmra territory. 

-on. o; .. , . .; p. ,'i;,Ji:i. A"e-ne'zi, e"e-ni'zt, a nomadic tribe of migratory Bedouin A'grn, ti'gru. 1. Dlv.; N. W. Provinces, Brit. India; 10 159 

A-do"ni:br'zek or -zee [Heb.; Kb.}, Canaanltlsh king of Arabs, moving over 30,000 u In vicinity of Syria; their yearly o; p. 4,834,064. ij. Dist.; Agradlv.; 1.856 o;p. i,H6U,546. 3. 
Bezek; thumbs and great toes cut off by Israelites. camp forms a line equal to 8 days' journey from Aleppo. Its *;also * of A. dlv.; p. 188,300; mausoleum iTaj Mahal). 

\ <l"o-n i'jiili. ad'o-nui'jG LHeb.; Bib.], son of David; fl. JE'non, i'nen [.#('&.], place where John baptized. A'ffrain, u'grumoy-H'grem. city; * of Croatia and Slavouia, 

' ' 

\ <l"o-n i'jiili. ad'o-nui'jG [Heb.; Bib.], son of David; fl. JE'non, i'nen [Bib.], place where John baptized. A '*f ram, u'grum 07- H'grem. city; * of Croatia and Slavouia, 

1030. Ad"o-ni'at. /li-o'li-n, i-o'll-a or 6'o-li'a, country In anc. Gr., or one In Hung.; p. 40,(>28; earthquake, 1880; university. 

Ad"o-m'ram,ad"o-nal ram [Heb., lord of the height; Bib.] Asia Minor, occupied by the Eollc race. ./E'o-lisi: Al- A"gra-maii'te, fl'gru-mun'tS [ARIOSTO Or, 
[-1050-975], Jewish receiver of tribute. o-lis'J [Or.]. osoj. A king of the Moore. 

A-do'niB, a-do'nis [Mutti.]. See vocab. TU'o-liiH, i'o-lus. 1. {Myth.] God or keeper of the winds A-Krib', u-grfb', conical mt.; Egy.; 7,000 ft. ( 

A-do"ni-ze'duk, u-do'nul-zi'dek [Heb.; Bib.], king of 2. Thessallan king, founder of Jiolla and the Eollc race. A "gri'ca-nc, u'gri'; [BOIAHDO Orlant 
Jerusalem. A-don"i-se'dcc{. Ai'o-loNt [Gr.]. 3. Mount, liocky mts.. Col.; 14,054 ft. ralo.] A king of the Tatars. 

Ad"o-rn'im, ad'o-re'im [Heb., a fenced city; Sib.]. .lO-ni'iiu-.. e-pi'nus. 1. Franz. [1724-1802], Ger electri- A-srrie'o-la, a-grlc'o-la [L. masc., field-tiller]. 1. C'nie'- 

A'do-wu, u'do-wa, town; Tigre, Abyssinia; |>. ;i,ooo. clan. 2. Jo'tianu [1499-15531, Ger. 1'rot. theologian. us Jii'li-iiH 1 37- IK], Horn, general; governor of Britain. 

A'dra, fl'dra, spt. town; Granada, Sp.; p. 11,320. ^"E'ro, e'rO, Danisli Isl.; lialtic Sea; 70 D; p. 12,229. JK'ro-et. '* Gr'orB [1490-15551, Ger. mlneTaloglM. a. Ju'hniin 

A-drain'iiiel-ech, (i-dram'el-ec \_Bib.' 

s<'\ en Against Thebes." A'dra-MtoHi [Gr.J. JEg'^cu-la'pi-us. es'klu-le'pl-us [Myth.], the son of Apollo ofmagic. 2. See HEROD AGRIPPA. 3. Mar'eus Vip. 

A"drels', u'drt'. Baron deg [1513-1587], Francois de and god of medicine: mentioned in Homer as a physician. sn'ni-UH [63-12], Horn, statesman; geographer; gen. 

Beaumont, Huguenot leader. As-kle-pi-os'i [Gr.]. AB'^ip-pi'iia, ag'ri-pul'ua or -pi'na [L. fem,\ born feet 

A'dri-u.u'dri-a. 1. [Anc. A'trt-a or Ha'drl-a.] Town; 7E'nir, e'scr (Xurne Jli/th.]. See vocabulary. foremost]. 1. Mother of Caligula, -i. Mother of Nero. 

Italy; bet. rivers Po and Adige; p. 7,642; orig. Etruscan spt. ^E'son, i'sen [JftA.], father of Jason. Ai'soni [Gr.]. A";ua-dil'la, u'gwnKlil'ya. 1. Seaport; Porto Rico; p. 

on Adriatic, now 16m. from the sea. ;i. Anc. city; It., now ^K'sop, i'sepL 61il ''-564), (ri-eek fabulist- said to have been b 8,000. *i. Dist., Porto Rieo; 240 D; p. 99,645. 

Atrl. 3. The Adriatic, or adjoining waters ( -Icte xxvll). In Phrygla and to have been a slave until freed by ladmon A"Kiin-p'-hi',_ (Tgwa-pe-hi' river; Brazil; 1. 100 m. 
A'dri-an, C'drl-an [Lat. muse., black]. 1. Rom. emp. See JE-so'pus, i-so'pus. l.^Esop. a. Clo'di-us, Rom. actor- A "itua-ri'co, u'gwa-rrco, river; Ecuador; 1.240m. 

HADRIAN. '2. A. I., Pope [772-795]. 3. A. IV. U100?- 1st c APtfcBMt [Or 1 A'guas Ca^li-en'tes, a'gwus ca"li^?n'tes [Sp., wann wa- 

1159] (Nicholas Breakspenre), the only pope of English TEth'ei-bald, -flref, -red, -wnlf. See ETHELRKD, etc. ' r9 . or ]> ot 8 K?gB?l 1. State; Mexico; 2,950 a; p. 102,378. 

blood. 4. A. VI. [1459-1523], Pope; Instituted many re- ^Eth'el-Htan. Same as ATHENS-TAN. . H* f; p. 30,872. 


;a, t.; raragua isi., roll, isis.; p. ^.tutt. 
. 7th king of Israel [ 897), Idolater; 

the town of Adrla. Called also Gulf of Venice. 

commune, 18,942; extensive manufactures of straw goods. 

Adw-bor'o, adz-bur'o, town; Morgan co.. Ga.; p. 1,048. 

writer; hist.; flourished third century. 

(1603): son of Mahomet III. 2. A. II. [1643-1695], Turk- 

, t-as'I-dlz. 1. Descendants of ^Eacus. 

tlon In Eng.; a satirical sobriquet. 

h sultan. 3. A. III. [1673-1739], Turkish sultan. 

_and Carthage, -241 ended 1st Punic war. ffepga*. w\*T^-&"w?f^^, kK Dan. A- f a'- Ah;re n, a'rejis, Ileln^icbJlk^iiTi]; GerVtolsr 
e-os, mt.; ancient Greece^ Ai -*faMe-oHGr.]. ^ tko., Q-gQ'thQ; p. A-pa'tha* fl^fl'txl; F. A"Bathe', A 5* I ri : ni ? n ; ? ^;L" U e n L^f r / ffif'*' ] '_ ??f vo f a K u l ar ^_ 

" e, a-g" 

ue. Ai-nai-oni mr.j. A8r"n-tliar'cliu, UK u-tuur'cus, ur. painter; fl. 5th cent, taken by the Israelite 

JE'xeus, t'jlQs or S'jg-ns \_Myth.\ king of Athens; f. of The- A-ea'thar-choot LOr.]. prov., Kus.; 1. 170m. 

seus; drowned In the ^Egean Sea, which Is named from him. A-nath'o-cleB, o-gath'o-clfz [361-289], tyrant of Syracuse. A'iah,''yfl or a-al'a [Heb. .clamor; Kb.~\f .of Rlzpah. A'ia}. 
'; Ifi-ii-li-'ii. fjl-a-lfa IMi/tti.], wife of Dlomedes. Ai- A-ga-tho-klBs't [Gr.]. A'iath, 'yath or a-al'ath [Heb., a ruin; Kb.}, place In Pal. 

Aii'R-llion. ag'a-then [-447-100?], Greek tragic poet. Al'chi, al'clii, ken; Japan; p. 1,591,356. 

i- A-ua'thontlGr.]. Al'dan, al'dun [Celt, masc., nrc], St. [ -6511, monk of 

"-is.; p. 2,536. lona; introduced Christianity Into Korthumbrla. 

. Al-din'. eil-dtn'. 1. Vilayet; Asiatic Turkey; 17,370 a: p. 
onnedept.; 1,390 783; * Smyrna. 2. Town; Asia Minor; p. 30,000. Gu". 
zclMIin"nar'tl I"den't. 3. al'din. Eden. 

, i-jts'thus [Myth.], paramour of Clytemnestra. Ag^grers-hu 
sJ [Gr.l. Ag-se'us. 

huus;. ag-gcr8.hns'. See AKKRSHUS. Aij'a-lon, aj'a-len I Heb., place of deer; Bib.], valley where 

, ag-gi vs (Heb.; Apocrypha], Haggal. the moon stood still, and city; Palestine. A'ia-louti 

Band grain-cultivation; * Bourg-en-Bresee. 

-l''-'nll"l-a'nnB, f-miri-fnos, Mar'cux Ju'li-ux JE- A-sno'nc, fl-nyO'nS, town; Campobasso prov., It.; p. 11,073. A-ir*. a-tr'. oasl8>klngdom; N. Sudan, cen. N. Afr.; * 
in i I'l-iiM. Rom. emperor; fl. 3d c. 

IB JE^ A-frno'ne. a-nyO'ne', town; Campobasso prov., It.; p. 11,073. A-ir', a-lr', oasl8klngdom; N. Su 

\. ff tLa'B., a'gO'Q, town: La Union prov., Luzon Isl.. Phil. Agades. As^ben't. 
, Bom. isls.; p. 10.150. Air'drie, Sr'drf, town; Lanark co., I 

_S it ft T * 1111 V ^V . ..I- n ** W *l.t " 6" *! ^^WUi *-** JA"WU ^1V>., AJUAVU iDt.) i till. ^IgiMJCO. ^m B UCTU + 

Ai-milM-us.t-miri.trs. 1. Ma-mer'cus [ 437], Rom. Isls.; p. 10,150. Air'dric, Sr'drl, town; Lanark CO., Scot.; p. 15,133. 

Dwn; dept,_ 
; Landes dept., Fr.; p. 3,000. 

dictator. 2. Pnu'lun[ 2161, Bom. consul; gen. S.Chris- A'goa de Fao, fl'gwa d6 paun, mt.; St. Michael, Azores; Aire, ST. ' 1. Fort. mf'g. town; Pa8'de>Calals dcpt.,Fr.; p. 
tlan martyr, 484. 4. [SUAK. Titus And.] A noble Roman. 3,100ft. 8,303. 'i. Collegiate town; I 

an = rot; ell; 10 = feud, {9 = future; c = k; church; dh = <Ae; go, sing, ii.ik; no; thin; zh = azure; F. boh, diine. <,from; t, obsolete; I, variant. 


-574], Lombard king, 561-574: founder 


a. [1851- 1 [SUge-name.] Emma Ceclle Gye (nee 
teunesse), tan. operatic singer: actress. -., 

l-ba'nl-a, al-be'nl-a. 1. Country; Enr Turk.; consi 


ka-ma-B-e'ki, a-ka-ma-ga-sfkl^.; Japan; p. 42.786. 


auB>ob, Gr. sculptor; fl. -5th century. 

A^^.^r T S;^Aa^g^ a 8 - j&&&$3!^&^*s3ff&^ iE&lss %&^ri. c $s^i A 
ti&fi&^r^Ji^ig&sf. i!3ti3birfr5S&ffiS fika&s rA & - * M '- U < LI - *"< R *'-""* 

3s!5" ' Fr""'p.*6,339."" AIVnrYi R 'aYcSni ' l."jaines i."^ fl816^1894]""Am. states- 

A"ia-jui-'la. a-la-uw'la, prov. and city; Costa Rica; p. A l"bi', ai'bi', anc. cathedral town; * of Tarn dept., Fr.; p. A ma ". gov of Miss., 1883 a. Co.; N.E. Miss.; 410 o; p. 14,987; 

lO.iWO. 21,278; gave name to Alhlgenses. AT'by'J. Corinth 

A"la-ka-nan'da, a'la-ka-nun'da. rlv.; Garhwal, Ind.; \|'bi-a, arhl-u, town; of Monroe co., Iowa; p. 2.S89. Al'eott sl'cet 1. A'moH Bron'Hon [1799-18881, Am. wri- 

chlef source of Ganges; object of Hindu reverence. A 1'bin, al'bln. 1 . El"e-a'zar 1 1713-1759], Eng. naturalist ter educator philos fnuronl Days. a. Lou-i'a May 

A-laIU'u:kul', a-lukfO-kul', lake; Turkestan; 40 x 17m. and water-color painter, a. See ALBYX. [1832-1888] Am writer; dau. of Amos B. ; Little Women. 3. 

Al"al-com'en-fe, al'al-cem'en-I. 1. Cltyi anc. Ikeotla; Al-bi'nen, ai-hl'ncn, vll.; on a mt. 4,000 ft. high; Valals Uill'iam A. [1798-1859], Am. writer; reformer. 

temple of Athena, a. Anc. town on isl. near Acarnanla. canton, Swlt.; accessible only by ladders nearly perpendlc- Al-co'y, Ql-cu'i 1, Mfg. town; Alicante prov., Sp.; p. 

A-lal-ko-im-nai'; [Gr.]. ular. Ar-bi'viiont. 31,099. 'i. Town; Ccbu Il., Phil. Isls.;p. 5,040. 

Al'a-mance, co.; X, N. C.; 446 a ; p. 25,665; Graham. Al-bi'ni, ul bi'nl. 1. A"lrn-Han'dro [1568-1646], It. paint. Al-cn'di-a, ai-cu'di-u, Duke of. See GODOT. 
A"la-me'da, a'm-me'da. 1. Co.; W. Cal.; 704 c; p. 130,197; 2. Franz Jo'Hcph [1748-1816], Ger. Jur.; statesman. Al-cues'c'ar, ai-cwes'ccir, town; Kstremadura prov., Sp.; p. 

Oakland, a. Cltv; Alaincda co.. Cal.; p. 16.464. Al-bin'i-UM, al-hlnl-ns, Roman tribune; fl. 5th cent. 2.422; rendezvous of the Allies, 1812. 

^ ---- land. }. City; Alaincda co.. Cal.; p. 16,464. Al-bin'i-UH, al-hln l-tis, Roman tribune; fl. 5th cent. 2,422; rendezvous of the Allies, 1812. 

A "lu-nii'iioH. ft'W-mi'nos. 1. Town-.Laguna prov., Luzon Al-bi'no, ul-bi'no, (Jlo-vnn'ni. >eapolltan hist.; 5th c. Al'cuin, al'cwln [735?-801], Eng. prelate; scholar; reformer; 
il. Isls.; p. 4,600. "Z Town; Zambales prov., Luzon AI-bi' / iiO'>va / nUH, al-lxil'no-ve'nus, C'a'iuH I'c'do. Ho- friend of Charlemagne. A l-bi'nii*: : Al'cwint. 

., . . . ,. ., -', --, . . - 

Isl.. Phil. Isls.; p. 8.0118. man poet; fl. 1st cent. Al-cy'o-ne i Myth.}. See vocab. Al-ky-o'niU [Gr. ]. 

A 'la-mo, a ia-mn, mission building. San Antonio. Texas; Al-bi'nux, fll-Wnus. 1. Ber'nard Sieir'fried [ll>97- Al"cy-o'neu,al'sl-r, l iilus [Myth.], giant killed by Hercules. 

scene of terrible siege and of death of David Crockett, 1836. 1770], Ger. anat.; urg. . al -bal'nus. Dec 'I-IIIUH < In'- Al-ky-o-neun'{ [Gr.]. 

A'la"mo" Cior'do, town; Otero co., N. Mex.; p.