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MARYLAND SHELL FISH COMMISSION 



UNITED STATES BUREAU OF FISHERIES 



UNITED STATES COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 



SURVEY OF 

OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND 

1906-1912 



By 

CHARLES YATES 

REPRESENTATIVE OF UNITED STATES COAST AND 

GEODETIC SURVEY ON WORK OF 

MARYLAND OYSTER SURVEY 







CONTENTS 




1. 


Summary 


8. 


Queen Annes County 


2. 


Anne Arundel County 


9. 


St. Marys County 


3. 


Baltimore County 


10. 


Somerset County 


4. 


Calvert County 


11. 


Talbot County 


5. 


Charles County 


12. 


Wicomico County 


6. 


Dorchester County 


13. 


Worcester County 


7. 


Kent County 







— > A .»-» 



. I I 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 
U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 

O. H. TITTMANN. Superbleodcnt 



SUMMARY 

OF 

SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS 

OF 

MARYLAND 
1906-1912 



By C. C. YATES 

Representative ot the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey 
on the work of the Maryland Oyster Survey 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1913 



D. OF D. 
IfiAR tS 1914 



LETTER OF SUBMITTAL. 



Department of Commerce, 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, 

Washington, May 23, 1913. 
Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith the final report of the officer de- 
tailed from the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey as representative of that 
service on the work of the Maryland Oyster Survey. 

The report, together with its accompanying index chart, is designed to serve both 
as a summary of and as an index to the 17 technical publications and 43 oyster charts 
resulting from the cooperation of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, the United 
States Bureau of Fisheries, and the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey m the 
survey of the oyster resources of Maryland. 

The work has been done under the provisions of the act of Congress entitled "An 
act to authorize the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to cooperate, through the 
Bureau of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and the Bureau of Fisheries, with the 
Shell Fish Commissioners of the State of Maryland ui making surveys of the natural 
oyster beds, bars, and rocks m the waters within the State of Maryland," approved 
May 26, 1906, and of the acts of Congress making appropriations for sundry civil 
expenses of the Government for the fiscal years endmg June 30, 1907, 1908, 1909, 
1910, 1911, 1912, and 1913. 

Respectfully, O. H. Tittmann, 

Suferintendent. 
To Hon. William C. Redfield, 

Secretary of Commerce. 

3 



CONTENTS. 



Fata. 

Index charts precede 1 

Letter of submittal 3 

Introductory statements 7 

Explanation of plan o£ publication 7 

Index chart aa a p:i'aphical summary 7 

Relation of tlie work of the Government to the Maryland Oyster Siu-vey 8 

Maryland Oyster Survey 9 

History 9 

Object 9 

Organization 10 

Methods 11 

Results 11 

Equipment 13 

Cost 13 

Chronological statement 14 

Personnel 14 

Conclusions 16 

General statement 16 

Requirements of an oyster survey 16 

Suggested organization of an oyster survey 17 

Cost of an oyster survey .' 18 

References 19 

Technical index to publications 21 

Explanation 21 

Natural oyster bars — • 

Alphabetical index 22 

Numerical index 39 

Crab bottoms — 

Alphabetical index 46 

Numerical index 48 

Clam beds — 

Alphabetical index 49 

Numerical index 49 

Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations) — 

Alphabetical index 50 

Numerical index 73 

5 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTERS BARS OF MARYLAND. 

1906-1912. 



INTRODUCTOEY STATEMENTS. 

EXPLANATION OF PLAN OF PUBLICATION. 

It often happens that the rapid progress of modern science, even when special- 
ized by apphcation to a single class of work, is the incUrect cause of an accumulation 
of technical publications impossible to assimilate and apply to a special case without 
an amount of labor all out of proportion to the probable benefits to be derived. 
And this applies with particular force to the six years' work of the Maryland Oyster 
Survey, as evidenced by its publications consisting of a series of 17 official documents 
and 43 large-scale charts aggregating over 2,400 printed pages and 400 square feet 
of chart area. 

For reasons similar to those just mentioned, the value of a modern technical 
pubUcation describing a particular work is for a greater part dependent upon the 
fidelity with which it is confined to a record of methods and results which can be 
utiMzed in future operations of like character. And this end has been accompHshed 
with remarkable success for the work of the Maryland Oyster Sui-vey by Dr. Caswell 
Grave of Johns Hopkins University and a member of the Maryland Shell Fish Com- 
mission from 1906 to 1912, in his Fourth Report of the Shell Fish Commission of 
Maryland. {XLIII.) ' 

The intent of this "Summary" is to supplement Dr. Grave's report, first, by an 
index chart which also serves as a graphical summary; second, by a brief explanation 
of the relation of the work of the Government to the Maryland Oyster Survey; third, 
by a summary of the essential features of the work of the Maryland Oyster Survey ; 
fourth, by a statement of conclusions thought to be of value for use in connection 
with future oyster surveys; fifth, by a list of publications relating to the oyster 
industry of Maryland; and, sixth, by a technical index to all publications of the 
Government and the State directly resulting from the work of the Maryland Oyster 
Survey. 

INDEX CHART AS A GRA.PHICAL SUMMARY. 

The best summary and index of the six years' work of the Maryland Oyster 
Survey, and probably the most useful and interesting feature of this publication, is the 
"Index Chart" in the folder. 

The chart is self-explanatory as to details. But other considerations suggest 
that attention be directed to the magnitude of the sheUiish resources of Maryland 
and to the magnitude of the actual work of the survey as indicated graphically by 

' See " References," p. 19, 



8 SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND, 

the green and red tinted areas on the water, the numerous small red triangles on the 
land, and the limits of the many large-scale charts required to represent these results 
in a practical form for future use. 

RELATION OF THE WORK OF THE GOVERNMENT TO THE MARYLAND OYSTER SURVEY. 

The Maryland Oyster Survey possessed the somewhat unusual character of having 
in its participants three separate Government bureaus and one State commission,' 
all engaged in a common work leading to the conservation and the increase of the 
supply of food in the form of oysters. 

Jn priority of the Government's interest in the subject of oysters, it is so self- 
evident that the United States Bureau of Fisheries comes first that this phase of the 
subject requires no explanation. {IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, etc.)^ And the connection 
of the work of the United States Bureau of Chemistry with the sanitary conditions 
of the oyster industry is made equally evident by the fact that it is this Bureau which 
administers the pure-food laws of this country. {XXXV.Y But the relation of 
the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey to such work is not so easy to explain. 

{xxxiv.y 

The United States Coast and Geodetic Survey includes among its many func- 
tions not only the supplying of the chart-making needs of navigation, but also the 
laying of the geodetic foundation for a large part of the geographic work of our 
country; and it naturally follows that tliis foundation part of an "oyster survey" 
should be laid by the institution normally performing this class of work. Just as in a 
similar sense, it is better and more economical to have the foundation of a building 
laid by those experienced in such work, even though in the end it is the superstructure 
erected on the foundation which is utilized and appreciated by the public. 

Or stated in another way, it is only a question of the practical connection 
between the work of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey in surveying and 
charting the waters of the coasts for the purposes of navigation, and the work of a 
so-called "oyster survey" in surveA^ng and charting the oyster bottoms of these 
same waters of these same coasts for the purpose of developing the oyster industry 
of our country. 

' U. S. Bureau of Fisheries, XT. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, U. S. Bureau of Chemistry, and Maryland Shell Fish Commission. 
» See "References," p. 19. 



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MA.RYLA.ND OYSTER SURVEY. 



A summary view of the history of tlie oyster industry of Maryland is graphically 
represented by the diagram by Grave, which faces this page. {XXXVI.) * 

Another summary view of the same subject is presented by the chronological 
table of publications under the head of "References," ' which were selected and 
arranged partly for that purpose. 

The diagram and the table of publications, while being in most respects a suffi- 
cient historical statement for the purposes of this publication, do not do justice to 
the many whose unselfish activities for the benefit of the oyster industry of Maryland 
have not followed the line of public work leading to a corresponding amount of printed 
records. .\nd although these public-spirited citizens and officials are hundreds in 
number, there stands out at the head of this line of achievement, as do Brooks (F) ' 
and Winslow (77) ' along their respective lines, the author ^ of the Haman Oyster 
C!ulture Law (XLIII, pp. .353-372) ■ who has most splendidly and persistently led 
the movement which has molded the history of oyster culture in Maryland for more 
than twenty years down to the present time. {VII.) ^ 



The immediate object of the Maryland Oyster Survey, as distmguished from the 
hopes of the ultimate benefits to be derived from that work, having been transformed 
mto actual results, it is needless to emphasize this phase of the subject beyond refer- 
ring to the statistical statements imder the head of "Results" and to the graphic 
representation of these same facts on the "Index Chart." 

But the ultimate object of the survey is another matter, and deals more nearly 
with what the pioneers of the oyster-culture movement in Maryland believed, and 
now have still more reason to believe, will be the form of the great oyster industry 
they expect to see erected on the fotmdation which has been laid for that purpose. 
(F77.)' 

It now seems not only reasonable but probable that within the next generation 
the citizens of Maryland will be leasing and cultivating a probable 100,000 and a pos- 
sible 300,000 acres ^ of so-called "barren bottoms" where oysters do not now grow- 
in commercial quantities; that the more than 200,000 acres of natural oyster bars now- 
reserved for the use of the oystermen as a residt of the Maryland Oyster Survey will 
be so conserved and developed that they wiU produce, as they have done before, 
twice the amount they now yield ; that the oyster industry of Maryland will then be 
based on an annual production of 20,000,000 bushels of oysters where now it is 

> See "References," p. 19. 

• B. Howard Haman, of Baltimore, Md. 

» At the present date. May 23, 1913, some 36,000 acres have been applied for or leased. 



10 SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 

barely 5,000,000; and that the physical valuation of the State-owned oyster lands 
will then be $100,000,000, where now it is not more than $20,000,000. (XXIV, 
p. 208; XLII, pp. 35-46; XLV.y 

These are the large expectations that measured, and do stiU measure, the ulti- 
mate object of the Haman Oyster Culture Law, and which led to the building of the 
Maryland Oyster Survey in such a manner that it wiU serve as a foundation for even 
a greater development of the oyster industry of Maryland than was forecasted by its 
founders. 

ORGANIZATION. 

The organization of the Maryland Oyster Survey has been indicated in the 
"Introductory statements" and in the "Conclusions." It is also described in detail 
in the publications of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission (XLIII, pp. 11-25) ' 
and the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (XLIV, pp. 19-21, 248-250). ' 

In a general way it is sufficient to state that the greater bulk of the work of this 
particular oyster survey was divided between the Maryland Shell Fish Commission ' 
and the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey in accordance with the laws 
(XLIV, pp. 243-246) ' authorizing the work and the natural division of the survey- 
ing operations of the cooperating forces. 

The work of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission included all the oyster inves- 
tigations, the special hydrographic operations required to delimitate the various 
shellfish bottoms, the surveying of the leased oyster lots, and all administrative 
matters pertaining to Maryland. The work of the United States Coast and Geodetic 
Survey included the establishmg of the surveying foundation of triangulation, 
hj^drography and topography, the preparation and publication of the technical and 
legal descriptions of the boundaries of the various shellfish bottoms reserved for the 
use of the public, and the preparation and publication of all the oyster charts showing 
the results of the work of the Maryland Oyster Survey. 

Dr. H. F. Moore, the well-known scientist of the United States Bureau of 
Fisheries and representative of that bureau on the work of the Maryland Oyster 
Survey, has stated that "the Bureau of Fisheries has cooperated with the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey and the Maryland Shell Fish Commission principally as an adviser 
in matters relating to the biological and economic sui'vey of oyster bars and the 
methods to be employed for that purpose." To which should be added in the way of 
explanation, that the part of the survey normally coming under the jurisdiction of 
the United States Bureau of Fisheries was in this case carried on b}' the State under 
the supervision of Dr. Caswell Grave, the scientific member of the Maryland Shell 
Fish Commission. If it had not been for this fortunate circumstance, to again quote 
Dr. Moore, ' ' this work would have been conducted by the Bureau of Fisheries acting 
independently, as has been the case in certain other States than Maryland, the same 
ends being attained at greater expense to the Government." (XLIV, p. 20.) ' 

It should be stated also that the sanitary survey of the oyster-producing waters 
of Maryland by the United States Bureau of Chemistry was not carried on with the 
advantage of the same degree of cooperation as probably would have been the case 
if the character of this feature of the work could have been more nearly forecasted at 
the beginning. (XXXV.)' 

' See " References," p. 19. ' See " Personnel," p. 14. 



MAEYLAND OYSTER SURVEY. H 



The methods employed on the work of the Maryland Oyster Survey being indi- 
cated in outline in the "Conclusions" and also explaiiaed in detail in the publica- 
tions of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission {XLIII, pp. 48-95) ' and the United 
States Coast and Geodetic Survey {XLIV, pp. 248-249, 172-177, 33-36, 20-21),' 
it is not in harmony with the plan of this publication to repeat that mformation here. 

But there is one point in the methods not adequately explained elsewhere in 
the publications of the Marjdand Oyster Survey which it is believed should be empha- 
sized. And that point relates to the advantages of the use of geographic coordi- 
nates in technically and legally defining boundaries of natural oyster bars and leased 
oyster bottoms. 

This method of defining property lines under water was also used in the survey 
of the leased oyster bottoms of Delaware, and outlined in the following extract from 
the report of that work {XLVIII, pp. 69-74) : ' 

The difficulties of accurately locating and permanently defining the boundaries of a farmer's planta- 
tion on land, even with the aid of monuments, public roade, streams of water, and other points of refer- 
ence, are often great, judging from the disputes arising from this source. But be that as it may, there 
can be no doubt as to the difficulties of accurately locating and permanently defining the boundaries of 
an oysterman's plantation situated under water at a distance off shore fi-om 1 to 6 miles, as is the case 
with the leased oyster bottoms of Delaware. (XLVIII, map.)' 

There is only one point on the earth's surface at the intersection of any one parallel of latitude and 
any one meridian of longitude, and therefore, there can be no dispute as to the meaning of such a geo- 
graphic definition of the location of a point, even though all the original triangulation station marks 
used in its determination, together with the chart on which its position was originally plotted, have 
been totally destroyed. 

In the case of the destruction of an original triangulation station mark, or any other point defined by 
a geographic position, a competent geodetic engineer can reestablish its exact location by means of a new 
system of triangulation connecting with other dbtant triangulation station marks which have not been 
destroyed. In the case of the destruction of the chart on which the position of any such point on the 
earth's svurface was originally plotted, this point can be replotted by its geographic position with any 
degree of accuracy permitted by the scale of any new chart constructed for that purpose. 

If there be no question at the time of the original location and legal adoption of a geographic definition 
of the location of a point by a given latitude and longitude, there can be no technical or legal question 
afterwards as to its exact meaning, or as to the exact redetermination of the location of this point, be it 
either on land or water at its newly determined position, or on a new chart in its newly plotted position. 

For these reasons, the method of defining the location of boundary points by latitudes and longitudes 
(geographic positions) was adopted La the survey of the leased oyster bottoms of Delaware. This method is 
more or less an innovation in oyster surveys which was first used in connection with the work of the Mary- 
land Oyster Survey. It possesses so many undoubted advantages, and at the same time is so simple in 
principle and application when once understood, that its adoption by other oyster surveys of other States- 
than Maryland and Delaware seems probable. 



The results of the Maryland Oyster Survey are presented m many forms and in 
many places throughout the publications of that survey. 

Graphically, they are represented on a large scale on the Maryland Oyster 
Charts, Nos. 1 to 42. {LIV.Y On a medium-sized scale, they are partly shown on 

» See " References," p. 19. 



12 SUMMAKY OF SITBVEY OF OYSTER BAKS OF MARYLAND. 

the "Progress maps" in the series of the 12 county publications of Survey of Oyster 
Bars of Maryland.' On a much snaller scale they are represented as a whole on the 
"Index Chart" in the folder of this publication. 

Statistically, the results are also described in various tables both in the publi- 
cations of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission {XLIII, pp. 39-47, 102-103, 114-117, 
126-127, 132, 145-149, 182-183, 189, 195-199, 206-210, 225-228, 239-241, 246, 
321-322, 336-339)' and the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey {XVIII, pp. 
18-19; XX, p. 15; XXII, p. 16; XXVI, p. 16; XXVIII, pp. 22-23; XXX, 
p. 14; XXXIl, p. 14: XXXIX, p. 18; XL, p. 21; XLIV, p. 25; XLVI, pp. 23, 
180).' But as these tables are too separated for the purposes of a summary view, 
their principle features will be given in groups of statistics arranged in accordance 
with the class of the results it is desired to present. 

STATISTICS OF RESULTS PERTAINING TO SHELLFISH BOTTOMS RESERVED FOR PUBLIC USE. 

Acres. 

Natural oyster bars surveyed, technically defined, and reserved for the use of the public 215,845 

Crab bottoms siirveyed, technically defined, and reserved for the use of the public 43, 991 

Clam beds surveyed, technically defined, and reserved for the use of the public 506 

STATISTICS OF RESULTS PERTAINING TO OYSTER BOTTOMS SUITABLE FOR OYSTER CULTURE. 

Undeveloped, but known productive oyster culture bottoms owned by the State and subject to Acres. 

lease under the terms of the Haman Oyster Culture Law 100, 000 

Undeveloped, but estimated as being potentially productive oyster culture bottoms owned by the 

the State and subject to lease under the terms of the Haman Oyster Culture Law 200, 000 

"Barren bottoms" of doubtful value for the growth of oysters, although in waters sufficiently salt 

for the purpose and subject to lease under the terms of the Haman Oyster Culture Law 460, 000 

STATISTICS OF RESULTS PERTAINING TO SURVEYING DATA USEFUL FOR SURVEY OPERATIONS OTHER THAN 

OYSTER SURVEYS. 

Triangulation stations based on the standard datum of the United States Coast and Geodetic 

Survey 1. 112 

Miles of shore line covered by triangulation 1, 340 

Square miles of water covered by triangulation 1, 600 

Square miles of land controlled by triangulation 1,200 

Miles of soundings ' 3, 060 

Soundings' 159, 530 

Square miles of water covered by soundings' 480 

Tide stations established ' 30 

OTHER STATISTICS OF FIELD WORK INDICATING THE STANDARD OF THE SURVEYING OPERATIONS ON WHICH 

THE RESULTS ARE BASED. 

Oyster investigation stations occupied for examination of bottoms and other data 11, 006 

Miles of examination of shell bottoms with chain apparatus 3, 060 

Triangulation stations occupied 1, 050 

Boundary buoys located and anchored 2,964 

Monuments planted to mark triangulation stations 1, 000 

Sextant angles observed on sounding lines 62, 600 

' See " References," p. 19. 

' This part of the work was done under the immediate direction of Swepaon Earle, Hydrographic Engineer of the Maryland 
Fh»!l Fish Commission. 



MARYLAND OYSTEK SURVEY. 13 

STATISTICS OF OFFICE WORK INDICATING CHAKACTER OF RESULTS. 

Hydrograhic positions plotted - 8, 600 

Large-scale projections prepared, showing legal boundaries of shellfish bottoms 87 

Greographic positions of triangulation stations computed 1, 100 

Large-scale leasing charts prepared 63 

Triangles computed 2, 500 

Description of triangulation stations prepared for publication 1, 112 

Back azimuths and distances from comers of boundaries to triangulation stations computed 10, 000 

STATISTICS OF PUBLICATIONS INDICATING QUANTITY OF WORK. 

Reports of Maryland Shell Fish Commission 4 

Printed pages in Maryland Shell Fish Commission reports 900 

Publications of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey 13 

Printed pages in the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey publications 1, 560 

Progress maps in United States Coast and Geodetic Survey publications 12 

Oyster charts showing boundaries of shellfish bottoms published by United States Coast and 

Geodetic Survey 48 

EQUIPMENT. 

The equipment for the work of the Maryland Oyster Survey is fully described 
in the pubhcations of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission (XLIII, pp. 34-36)' 
and the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey {XVI, pp. 102-104).' 

In a general way it may be stated that the equipment was ample and satisfac- 
tory, especially in respect to the large living and office quarters on the Maryland Shell 
Fish Commission houseboat Oyster {XLIII, p. 35)^ and the equipment of instruments 
furnished by the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey for both the work of the 
Government and State. 

COST. 

On account of the divided administration that naturally goes along with coop- 
erative work of several independent institutions, the problem of fixing the cost of 
the six years' work of the Maryland Oyster Survey presents many difficulties. But 
Dr. Grave in the "Fourth Report of the Shell Fish Commission of Maryland" 
{XLIII, p. 33)' has placed the figure at something more than a total of $200,000 
for all the work of both the Government and the State. 

Accepting $200,000 as the cost of the Maryland Oyster Survey, the following 
deductions will be of interest : 

The total area of the tidewaters of Maryland covered by the Maryland Oyster 
Survey, including natural oyster bars, crab bottoms, clam beds, bottoms suitable 
for oyster culture, and all other bottoms interspaced between these shellfish areas, 
is approximately 1,600 square miles, or 1,020,000 acres. This makes the cost of 
surveying and charting this area approximately $125 a square mile, or 20 cents 
an acre. 

The total annual production of oysters in Maryland is now approximately 
5,000,000 bushels, and the estimated ultimate production is 20,000,000 bushels. 
This makes a total cost of 1 cent per bushel for the estimated ultimate annual yield 
of the oyster industry to be operated on the surveying basis established by the 

' See " Kelerences," p. 19. 



14 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF Oi'STEE BARS OF MARYLAND. 



Maryland Oyster Survey, or IJ cents per bushel for the predicted 15,000,000-bushel 
increase in annual production. 

The total physical valuation of the oyster industry of Maryland is estimated 
as being now approximately $20,000,000, and the predicted ultimate valuation has 
been placed at $100,000,000. This makes the cost of the Maryland Oyster Survey 
one-fifth of 1 per cent of the predicted ultimate value of the oyster industry to be 
based on that work, or one-quarter of 1 per cent of the predicted increase in valua- 
tion. {XLII,XLV.)' 

CHRONOLOGICAL STATEMENT. 

The chronological account of the six years' work of the Maryland Oyster Survey 
occupies many pages of both the publications of the Maryland Shell Fish Commis- 
sion {XLIII, pp. 9-24, 37-38)' and the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey 
{XVI, pp. 104-105; XVIII, pp. 17-18; XX, pp. 14-15; XXII, p. 15; XXVI, 
pp. 15-16; XXVIII, pp. 21-22; XXX, pp. 13-14; XXXII, p. 13; XXXIX, 
pp. 17-18; XL, pp. 19-20; XLIV, pp. 23-25; XLVI, pp. 22-23).' For the pur- 
poses of this publication it is thought that it will be sufficient to give a table of the 
dates of the beginning jf the field work and the closing of the office work for each 
county. The dates of the close of office work also being the dates of the fihng of 
the certified charts and reports marking the legal opening of each county for the 
purpose of oyster culture under the provisions of the Haman Oyster Culture Law. 



County 


Beginning of field 
work 


Close of office worli 

and date of flltng of 

certified charts and 

reports 


Anne Arundel 

Somerset 

Wicomico 

Worcester 

Calvert 

Charles 

St. Marys 

Baltimore 

Kent 

Queen Annes 

Talbot 

Dorchester 


June 29, 1906 
May 2, 1907 
Aug. 27, 1907 
Nov. 8, 1907 
May 2, 1908 • 
Aug. 18, 1908 
May 2, 1908 
Apr. 14, 1909 
Apr. 14, 1909 
Apr. 14, 1909 
July 6, 1909 
Mar. 14, 1910 


June 20, 1907 
July 1, 1908 
Dec. 1, 1908 
Apr. 12, 1909 
Dec, 14, 1909 , 
Jan. 27, 1911 
July 6, 1911 
Aug. 10, 1911 
Oct. 5, 1911 
Nov. 29, 1911 
July 20, 1912 
Aug. 17, 1912 



PERSONNEL (1906-1912) 

The following list of those directly connected vsdth the work of the Marj'land 
Oyster Survey, either as executives or technical experts, is given for purposes of ref- 
erence only. So much could be said that is fine and true of the character and spirit 
of the work of many who were directly and indirectly connected with the six years' 
operations of the Maryland Oyster Survey, and the desire to say it is so great, that 
under the circumstances the only practical course in a summary publication of this 
sortisto omit all such comments. {XLIV, pp. 25-26; XLIII, pp. 1 1-25; XXXIV, 
p. 13.)' 

' See "References," p. 19. 



MARYLAND OYSTER SURVEY. 15 

State of Maryland. 
Maryland Shell Fish Commission. 
Commissioners. Assistant Engineers. 

Walter J. Mitchell (1906-1912). W. Gibson Emory (1906-1908). 

Caswell Grave (1906-1912). Ernest Reppenhagbn (1907-1909). 

Benjamin K. Green (1906-1912). T, H. Grave (1907-1911). 

^, . , ^ . H. A. Marston (1908-1910). 

Chuf Engineer. g g ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ 

Swepson Earle (1906-1912). Hugh Mitchell (1909-1912). 

U. S. Department of Commerce. 

U. 8. B0REAU of fisheries. 

Representative of Bureau, 
H. F. Moore (1906-1912). 

U. S. coast and GEODETIC SURVEY. 

Representative of Survey . Draftsmen. 

C. C. Yates (1906-1912). John D. Torrey (1906-1911). 

. . „ . G. C. Moore (1906-1911). 

Assutant Engineers. ^ j^ ^^^^ (1911-1912). 

Frank W. Seth (1906-1912), T. J. Stockton (1911). 

E. A. BoRST (1906, 1907, 1909). George W. Myers (1911). 
N. L. Akbuckle (1906-1910). . , ^ ^, , 

Paul C. Whitney (1907). "^P*""' -^'""•^''"i' ^'"■*- 

J. J. Phelan (1907-1910). David M. Hildreth. 

Templeton Van de Boqert C. R. Thompson. 

(1911, 1912). Robert F. Storm. 

T. H. Grave (1911). J. C. Mulpord. 



CONCLUSIONS. 

GENERAL STATEMENT. 

The Maryland Oyster Survey is probably the most extensive and complete work 
of its kind. And for that reason many of the conclusions resulting from experience 
gained in that work might be of public uiterest. But in harmony with the plan 
of this publication only those will be given which are thought to be of special value 
for use in connection with the consideration of future surveys of similar character. 

The primary object of an oyster survey from a national point of view is to 
conserve and increase the national supply of food. And before this can be done 
intelligently and economically it is evident that an inventory (or a survey as it is 
more commonly called) of the oyster resources under investigation must be made and 
recorded on charts and in other forms. (XXIII, LIV.Y 

As distinguished from a national point of view, the object of an oyster survey 
of a particular State or locality naturally partakes more of the character of a desire 
to develop the wealth of that State or locality by increasing its oyster industries or 
by revenues obtained from the leasing of the land underneath its oyster-producing 
waters. And like the Government, it is evident that a State can not accomphsh 
these objects intelligently and economically without first having a sui-vey made of its 
oyster resources. {XLIII, XLVIII.Y 

Considered from both these points of view, the cooperation of the General 
Government with a State goverimient appears to be not only a legitimate and an 
economical arrangement, but also the best method of conducting an oyster sui-vey. 

REQUIREMENTS OF AN OYSTER SURVEY. 

From the G&vernment standpoint, the chief requirements of an oyster survey 
appear to be: 

First. The representation on charts of the bottoms of the oyster-producing 
waters in such a manner as to show not only the limits of the natural growth of 
oysters as to locality and quantity, but also such other related information about 
these areas and the contiguous bottoms as will best indicate their value for the 
purpose of oyster culture. {X XIII, XLIX, LIV.Y 

Second. A more detail description of the oyster bottoms than can be shown by 
symbols on the charts, and such other information as to the saltness of the water, the 
quantity and quality of the oyster food in the water, currents, tides, surrounding 
sanitary conditions, character of bottom, etc., as affect the growth and value of 
oysters. {X, XXXV, XLI, XLIX.Y 

Third. The carrying on of the oyster survey in such a manner that whenever it 
is economical to do so the results of certain parts of the surveying operations made 
necessary by the requirements of the oyster survey can be utilized as a geographic 

1 See " References," p. 19. 



CONCLUSIONS. 17 

fouudatiou for cliart-rnaking surveys, mapping of the adjacent land regions, river and 
harbor improvements, etc. {XXXIV; XLIV, pp. 36-171; XLVIII, pp. 59-68.)' 

From the State or local standpoint the desirable requirements of an oyster 
survey, in addition to those just stated, appear to be: 

First. The well-defined representation on published charts, in a more or less 
arbitrary form, of the so-called "natural oyster bars" which are to be reserved for 
the use of the public by reason of ancient customs, pubUc sentiment, or the laws 
of the State in which they are located. {LIV.y And a similar well-defined repre- 
sentation on published charts of the boundaries of the bottoms leased from the State 
by private individuals for the purpose of oyster culture. (XLVIII, map.)' 

Second. A more detail, technical, and legal description of the boundaries of these' 
public natural oyster bars (XLIV, pp. 172-242)' and private leased oyster bottoms 
(XLVIII, pp. 69-108)' than can be secured by their representation on the charts, 
in order that the State can furnish an easily defined and incontestible title to those 
oyster bottoms it may desire to lease for the purposes of revenue or for the encour- 
agement of oyster culture. 

Third. The representation of the information obtained b}^ the oyster survey in 
such a manner, both on charts and in publications, as will best combat the obstacles 
due to ignorance, prejudice, and politics, which are always to be found, to a greater 
or less extent, in every locality where oyster culture is in progress or being contem- 
plated. (VII, XXIX, XXXIV, XXXVI, XXXVII, XXXVIII, XLI, XLII, 

XLV, Liii.y 

SUGGESTED ORGANIZATION OF AN OYSTER SUHVET. 

A complete oyster survey includes a part of the normal scientific operations of 
tlu'ee separate bureaus ^ of the General Government, and for that reason, as has 
been previously indicated, an ideal survey of the oyster resources of any one State 
would involve the cooperation of these three Government bureaus with a State 
commission especially created for that purpose. (XXXIV.)^ 

Arranged in the order of actual operations, and without reference to priority or 
magnitude of the interests involved, the distribution of the work of the suggested 
cooperative oyster survey would be as follows : 

United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. — The establishment of a surveying 
foundation of triangulation, topography, and hydrography. 

United States Bureau of Fisheries. — The delimitation of the boundaries of the 
various classes of 03'ster bottoms and other scientific operations pertaining par- 
ticularly to oysters. 

United States Bureau of Chemistry. — The sanitary survey of the oyster-producing 
waters. 

State Oyster Survey Commission. — The marking, defining, and charting of the 
boundaries of both public and leased oyster bottoms, and the consideration of matters 
relating to the economic development of the oyster industry to be based on the 
results of the oyster survey. 

' See " References," p. 19. » Bureau of Fisheries, Coast and Geodetic Survey, and Bureau of Chemistry. 

95112— 13— —2 



18 SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 

COST OF AN OYSTER SURVEY. 

There is no one thing more important to either the layman or the engineer than 
to be able to make some sort of an estimate of the final cost of any engineering work 
being considered. And while the cost of any such work as the survey of the vast 
oyster resources of Maryland is information which should be recorded, it is of value 
chiefly for the means it furnishes for estimating the cost of future engineering works 
of similar character. 

Adopting the figures of Dr. Caswell Grave/ the cost of a new oyster survey 
based on results obtained by the IMaryland Oyster Survey would be approxunately 
20 cents an acre for the entke area to be covered without reference to the various 
bottoms as finally classified. The legitmiate share of the State's expenses being 
estimated at 11 cents and those of the Government at 9 cents an acre. 

In considering the cost of an oyster survey, it should not be forgotten that the 
benefit to be derived by the Government from such operations would be not only in 
the form of an increase in the food supply of the country, but also in the form of a 
surveying foundation suitable for other chart and map making operations, river and 
harbor improvements, and so forth. 

In further explanation it should be stated that all the uncertain elements of 
weather, season, character of the topograph}', refinement of results demanded, 
urgency for completion of work, and so forth, which make it so difiicult to estimate 
the cost of a geographic survey on land, are further magnified in an oyster survey. 
Not only by waves produced by winds that would not deter work on land, but also 
by social and political conditions which are usually associated with such work. 

It is also weU to state in the way of warnmg that the preceding cost data when 
used as a basis for estimating the cost of oyster surveys in other States than Maryland 
may give only an approxunately correct estimate under certam conditions. That 
for large open bodies of water, it might give an overestimate for good weather and 
an underestimate for bad weather, while for small bodies of water with complicated 
shore line and numerous small scattered oyster areas, it would probably furnish an 
underestimate because of the increased detail of the work in proportion to the total 
area of the survey. 

> See p. 13. 



KEFERENCES. 



Note.— This list of publications was prepared solely for the purpose of furnishing such references as best suit the plan of this 
publication, and it should not be considered as being complete in any other sense. 



Reference 
number. 


Date. 


Title. 


Author or editor. 


Publisher. • 


Pages, etc. 


I 


1880 


Report of the Commissioners of Fish- 
eries of Maryland. 


T. B. Ferguson, Thos. 
Hughlett, Wm. K. 
Brooks, Francis 
Winslow. 


Commission of Fish- 
eries of Maryland. 


347; illus. 


II 


1881 


Report on the oyster beds of the James 
River, \^a., and of Tangier and 
I'ocomoke Sounds, Md. and Va. 


Francis Winslow 


U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 


87; maps; illus. 


in 


1881 


Report of Commissioner of Fisheries 
of Maryland. 


T. B. Ferguson, John 
A. Ryder, Francis 
Winslow. 


Commission of Fish- 
eries of Maryland. 


158; illus. 


IV 


1881 




Ernest Ingersol 

Wm. K. Brooks 






V 


1884 


The development and protection of 
the oyster in Maryland. 


Johns Hokpins Uni- 
versity. 


193; maps; illus. 


VI 


1S91 
1893 




do 


do. 




VII 




B. Howard Haman... 


Maryland Road 
League. 










vm 


1893 


Oyster records. Distances and bear- 
ings of numbered corners of public 
grounds, etc., of the Slate of Virginia. 


J. D. Baylor 


Virginia Fish Com- 
mission. 


Pamphlet for each 
county. 


IX 


18U5 


The oyster industry of Maryland 


Charles H. Stevenson. 


U. S. Bureau of Fish- 
eries. 


110; iUus. 


X 


1897 


Oysters and methods of oyster culture 
with notes on clam culture. 


H. F. Moore 


do 


78; illus. 










XI 


1899 
1904 


Report on the oyster beds of Louisiana 

Investigations for the promotion of the 
oyster industry of North Carolina. 


do 


do 




xn 




do 


95; map; illus. 








XIII 


1905 


The crab industry of Maryland 


Wmthrop A. Roberts. 


do 


18. 


XIV 


1907 


First report of the Shell Fish Com- 
mission of Maryland. 


Caswell Grave 


Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission. 


231; illus. • 


XV 


1907 


Survey of oyster bottoms in Matagorda 
Bay, Tex. 


H. F. Moore 


U. S. Bureau of Fish- 
eries. 


86; map; illus. 


XVI 


1907 


Survey of oyster bars, Anne Arundel 
County, Md. 


C.C.Yates 


U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 


106; map. 


XVII 


1908 


Fisheries of the United States 


Bureau of Census 


Bureau of Census 


324. 


XVIII 


1908 


Survey of oyster bars, Somerset Coun- 
ty, Md. 


C.C. Yates 


U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 


118; map. 






XIX 


1909 


Second report of the Shell Fish Com- 
mission of Maryland. 




Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission. 










XX 


1909 


Survey of oyster bars, Wicomico 
County, Md. 


C.C.Yates 


U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 


54; map. 


XXI 


1909 






Conservation Commis- 
sion of Maryland. 












XXII 


1909 


Survey of oyster bars, Worcester 
County, Md. 


C.C. Yates 


U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Siu-vey. 


67; map. 






XXIII 


1910 


Condition and extent of the oyster 
beds of James River, Va. 


H. F. Moore 


U. S. Bureau of Fish- 
eries. 


83; map. 


XXIV 


1910 




James L. Kellogg 

H. F. Moore, T. E. B. 
Pope. 


Henry Holt & Co 

U. S. Bureau of Fish- 
eries. 


361; illus. 
54. 


XXV 


1910 


Oyster-culture experunents and in- 
vestigations in Louisiana. 


XXVI 


1910 


Survey of oyster bars, Calvert County, 


C.C.Yates 


U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 


94; map. 






XXVII 


1911 


Condition and extent of the natural 
oyster beds of Delaware. 


11. F. Moore 


U. S. Bureau of Fish- 
eries. 


29; map. 







20 



SUMMAKY OF SURVEY OF OY'STEK BARS OF MARYLAND. 
References — Continued. 



Reference 
number. 


Date. 


Title. 


Author or editor. 


Publisher. 


Pages, etc. 


XXVIII 
XXIX 
XXX 
XXXI 

xxxn 

xxxni 

XXXIV 
XXXV 
XXXVI 


1911 
1911 
1911 
1911 
1911 
1911 

1911 

1911 

1912 
1912 
1912 
1912 
1912 
1912 
1912 

1912 
1912 
1912 

1912 
1913 
1913 
1913 

1913 

1913 
1913 
1913 

1906 
to 
1913 


Survey of oyster bars, St. Marys 
County, Md. 

Proposed amendments to the Haman 
Oyster Culture Law. 

Survey of oj'ster bars, Charles County, 
Md. 

Third report of the Shell Fish Com- 
mission of Maryland. 

Survey of oyster bars, Baltimore 
County, Md. 

Report of proceedings of the third an- 
nual Convention of the National 
Association of SheUflsh Commis- 
sioners. 

The relation of the work of the U. S. 
Coast and Geodetic Survey to State 
Oyster Surveys. 

Shellfish contamination from sewage- 
polluted waters and from other 
sources. 

History of oyster production in Mary- 
land, 1810-1912. 

Analysis of the Campbell Oyster Bill . . 

What the crab industry is worth to 
Maryland. 

Survey of oyster bars, Kent County, 
Md. 

Survey of oyster bars, Queen Annes 
County, Md. 

A manual of oyster culture of Mary- 
land. 

Discussion of the Campbell Oyster 
Culture Bill as amended by the 
Price Oyster Plan providing for con- 
servation of natural oyster bars 
along with oyster culture on barren 
bottoms. 

Fourth report of the Shell Fish Com- 
mission of Maryland. 

Survey of oyster bars, Talbot County, 
Md. 

Notes on the history of the oyster in 
Maryland and the physical valua- 
tion of her oyster properties. 

Survey of oyster bars, Dorchester 
County, Md. 

Fish and oyster law of the State of 
Maryland. 

Report of Delaware Oyster Survey 
Commission 1909-1912. 

Condition and extent of the natural 
oyster beds and barren bottoms of 
Mississippi Sound, Ala. 

Condition and extent of the natural 
oyster beds and barren bottoms of 
Mississippi, east of Biloxi. 

Oyster industry of Maryland and Vir- 
ginia, 1912. 

Fifth report of the Shell Fish Com- 
mission of Maryland. 

Oysters; The World's most valuable 
water crop. (National Geographic 
Magazine, March, 1913.) 

Maryland Oyster Charts showing re- 
sult of survey by Maryland Shell 
Fish Commission, U. S. Bureau of 
Fisheries, and U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey Charts Nos. 1 to 42 and 
Index Chart. 




U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 

Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission. 

U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 

Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission. 

U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 

National Association 
of SheUflsh Com- 
sioners. 


203; map. 
16. 

62; map. 
133; illus. 
42; map. 
98; illus. 

13 


Maryland SheU Fish 

Commission. 
C.C.Yates 

Caswell Grave 

C. C. Yates 


SwepsonEarle 

C C Yates 


George Whitfield 
Stiles, Jr. 


U.S. Bureau of Chem- 
istry. 


53; illus. 


C. C. Yates 


Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission. 


23. 






7. 


XXXIX 


C. C. Yates 


U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 
do 




XL 


do 


176; map. 










C. C.Yates 


Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission. 

do 


S3. 












U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 

Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission. 

U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 
State Fishery Force. . . 

Delaware Oyster Sur- 
vey Commission. 

U.S. Bureau of Fish- 
eries. 

do 




XLV 




11; map. 


XLVI 


C C Yates 


180; map. 
154. 

108; map. 
61; map. 

41 illus. 


XLVII 
XLVIII 


V. Calvin Trice 






L 


do 


LI 


U. S. Bureau of Fish- 
eries. 
William H. Maltbie... 

Hugh M. Smith 


do 




LII 
LIII 

LIV 


Maryland Shell Fish 

Commission. 
National Geographic 

Society. 

U. S. Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey. 


tistics. 
12. 

26; illus. 






1:20,000, each 30 
by 40 inches. 



TECHNICAL INDEX TO PUBLICATIONS. 

EXPLANATION. 

The technical index to the pubhcations of the Maryland Oyster Survey is divided 
into four sections of two parts each under the heads of "Natural oyster bars," "Crab 
bottoms," "Clam beds" and "Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey tri- 
angulation stations)." 

The first part of each section is an "Alphabetical index," which gives for each 
natural oyster bar, crab bottom, clam bed, or triangulation station, as the case 
may be — 

1. The serial number of the Maryland oyster chart on which it is shown. 

2. The approximate geographic location in latitude and longitude. 

3. The county in which it is located. 

4. The "County index number" by which it is indicated on the "Index chart." ' 

5. The page number of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey county 
publication of "Survey of oyster bars" on wliich it is technically described as to 
boundaries and locations. 

6. The page number of the Fourth Report of the Shell Fish Commission, on 
which are described its characteristics pertaining particularly to oysters. 

The second part of each section is a "Numerical index" arranged in a separate 
division for each county within which "Natural oyster bars," "Crab bottoms," 
"Clam beds," or "Triangulation stations" are located, and gives only the names of 
the bars, bottoms, beds, or stations, as the case may be, corresponding to the 
"County index number" of these same objects as shown on the "Index chart." 

The "County index numbers" are arranged in numerical order on the "Index 
chart," commencing with No. 1 for each county, and in using an index number 
obtained from the "Index chart" it should be coupled with the name of the county 
in which it is located. The names of the different counties are given in large red 
letters on the "Index chart" and their boundaries are shown by red dash and dot 
lines. 

* See chart in folder of this publication. 



NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 

Note. — See Numerical Index for names of natural oyster tars corresponding to numters on Index Chart. 







Approximate geographic | 






Page of 


Page of 
Fourth Re- 








location 






County , 
index 


U. S. Coast 




Chart 
number of 












nd Geodetic 
county 


port of Mary 
land Shell 












Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 
Jyster Chart 










County in which 
located. 


by which 

indicated 

on Index 

Chart 


publication 
of Survey of 


Fish Com- 
mission oo 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




Oyster Bars 
on which 


which char- 
ai-teristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Abell 


25 


38 


17 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


95 


184 


148 


Aberdeen 


3 


38 


57 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


56 


54 


115 


Aisquith Creek 


2 


39 


02 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


30 


42 


115 


Aldridges Discovery 


32 


38 


52 


76 


15 


Talbot 


30 


182 


209 


Almshouse 


3 


38 


56 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


60 


53 


115 


Along Shore 


37,38 


38 


31 


76 


16 


Dorchester 


54 


131 


196 


Applegarth 


40 


38 


13 


76 


06 


Dorchester 


86 


147 


198 


Arnold Point 


2 


39 


02 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


31 


44 


115 


Ash Craft 


32 


38 


48 


76 


13 


Talbot 


19 


187 


209 


Bachelor Point 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


U 


Talbot 


92 


220 


206 


Back of Island 


20 


38 


19 


76 


28 


Calvert 


23 


78 


126 


Back Shore 


34, 35, 37 


38 


39 


76 


10 


Talbot 


112 


220 


210 


Bailey 


30 


39 


08 


76 


09 


Kent 


52 


117 


240 


Bakers Cove 


34 


38 


42 


76 


07 


Talbot 


104 


226 


207 


Bald Eagle (Little 


36,37 


38 


33 


76 


18 


Dorchester 


34 


129 


196 


Choptank River) 




















Bald Eagle (East- 


32 


38 


54 


76 


14 


Queen Annes 


62 


156 


226 


ern Bay) 




















Bamings Cove 


34 


38 


43 


76 


08 


Talbot 


101 


225 


207 


Barn Gates 


20 


38 


20 


76 


29 


Calvert 


24 


77 


126 


Barn Point 


37 


38 


32 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


48 


137 


197 


Barnett 


34 


38 


46 


76 


11 


Talbot 


16 


234 


209 


Barren Neck 


3 


38 


51 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


82 


58 


116 


Batts Neck 


31 


38 


54 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


43 


137 


227 


Baxters Hollow 


32 


38 


53 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


85 


161 


225 


Bay Bush Point 


30 


39 


03 


76 


12 


Kent 


37 


111 


239 


Bay Hundred 


33 


38 


44 


76 


21 


Talbot 


40 


194 


210 


Bay Shore 


4 


38 


48 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


88 


63 


117 


Bazzles Hill 


34 


38 


47 


76 


12 


Talbot 


17 


233 


209 


Beacons 


35 


38 


38 


76 


07 


Talbot 


118 


236 


210 


Bean Shoal 


41 


38 


18 


75 


56 


Dorchester 


118 


159 


195 


Beard Point 


3 


38 


57 


76 


32 


Anne Aiundel 


58 


54 


115 


Beef Creek 


14,15 


38 


06 


75 


18 


Worcester 


13 


53 


246 


Bell Buoy 


41,42 


38 


12 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


82 


150 


198 


Belts 


30 


39 


03 


76 


12 


Kent 


35 


110 


239 


Benoni 


34,37 


38 


40 


76 


13 


Talbot 


90 


219 


210 


Bibby 


32 


38 


56 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


65 


151 


226 


Big Anneniessex 


7 


38 


03 


75 


.50 


Somerset 


23 


73 


182 


Big Bay Point 


15 


38 


04 


75 


17 


Worcester 


21 


56 


246 


Big Hill 


12 


38 


12 


75 


57 


Wicomico 


12 


46 


189 


Big Island 


2 


39 


03 


76 


34 


Anne Arundel 


34 


44 


115 


Biscoe 


24 


38 


12 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


56 


165 


146 


Black 


2 


39 


04 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


10 


29 


114 



22 



NATUEAL OYSTER BARS. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



23 







Appro-ximate geographic 






Page of 


Page of 








location 






County 
index 
number 

by which 


U. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 
number of 












and Geodetic 
county 


port of Mary- 












land Shell 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which 
located 


publication 
of Survey of 


Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




on Index 
Chart 


Oyster Bars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Black Buoy (Ches- 


30 


39 


01 


76 


11 


Kent 


33 


109 


239 


ter River) 




















Black Walnut (Bre- 


25 


38 


15 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


82 


177 


147 


tons Bay) 




















Black Walnut (Big 


33, 36, 37 


38 


40 


76 


19 


Talbot 


45 


197 


210 


Choptank River) 




















Blakistone 


26 


38 


17 


76 


48 


St. Marys 


114 


191 


148 


Bloodsworth 


40,41 


38 


13 


76 


03 


Dorchester 


84 


149 


198 


Blue Sow 


25 


38 


14 


76 


42 


St. Marys 


91 


178 


147 


Bluff Point (Ches- 


30 


39 


04 


76 


12 


Kent 


38 


111 


239 


ter River) 




















Bluff Point (Wi- 


26 


38 


16 


76 


49 


St. Marys 


113 


191 


148 


comico River) 




















Bluff Woods 


25 


38 


16 


7G 


43 


St. Marys 


100 


183 


148 


Blunt 


30 


38 


59 


76 


12 


Queen Amies 


22 


120 


227 


Boat House 


30 


39 


06 


76 


10 


Kent 


45 


114 


240 


Bob Wise 


20 


38 


20 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


15 


139 


145 


Bodkin Island 


31,32 


38 


54 


76 


17 


Queen Annes 


55 


146 


227 


Bodkin Point North 


1 


39 


09 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


1 


26 


117 


Bodkin Point South 


1 


39 


07 


76 


25 


Anne Arundel 


2 


27 


117 


Bodkin Shoals 


31 


38 


53 


76 


18 


Queen Annes 


35 


132 


226 


Bolingbroke Sand 


35 


38 


35 


76 


03 


Talbot 


124 


239 


206 


Bolston Bank 


3 


38 


53 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


76 


61 


116 


Booker Wharf 


30 


39 


08 


76 


04 


Queen Annes 


2 


129 


227 


Boundary 


42 


38 


05 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


78 


161 


199 


Bozman Neck 


32 


38 


51 


76 


15 


Talbot 


26 


183 


209 


Bramleigh Creek 


26 


38 


18 


76 


50 


St. Marys 


117 


189 


149 


Brannock 


36,37 


38 


36 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


27 


120 


199 


Bretons Bay 


25 


38 


15 


76 


42 


St. Marys 


90 


178 


147 


Brewer (Severn 


2 


39 


02 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


36 


43 


115 


River) 




















Brewer (South 

River) 
Brice Fence 


3 


38 


56 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


61 


52 


115 


3 


38 


52 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


79 


60 


116 


Brick House 


31 


38 


57 


76 


22 


Queen Annes 


31 


130 


228 


Brick House Hill 


31 


38 


53 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


36 


133 


226 


Bridge 


38 


38 


28 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


57 


138 


197 


British Harbour 


35 


38 


35 


76 


00 


Talbot 


128 


241 


206 


Broad Creek 


29 


39 


00 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


30 


116 


228 


Broad Creek Mid- 


34 


38 


44 


76 


14 


Talbot 


80 


210 


207 


dle ground 




















Broad Neck (Cal- 


19 


38 


28 


76 


39 


Calvert 


37 


71 


126 


vert Co.) 




















Broad Neck (St. 


19 


38 


28 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


3 


134 


145 


Marys Co.) 




















Brooks Shallows 


19 


38 


30 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


1 


133 


145 


Broome Island 


19 


38 


24 


76 


34 


Calvert 


30 


74 


126 


Brown 


34 


38 


43 


76 


16 


Talbot 


69 


208 


207 


Bruffs Island 


32 


38 


51 


76 


12 


Talbot 


6 


190 


209 


Brumell 


37 


38 


33 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


45 


135 


197 


Brushy Point 


34 


38 


45 


76 


16 


Talbot 


76 


212 


208 


Bryan (Wye River) 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


87 


162 


225 


Bryan (St. Marya 


24 


38 


12 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


54 


166 


146 


River) 





















24 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



Name of oyster bar 



Chart 

number of 

Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

shown 



Buce 

Buckhoi'u 

Bugby 

Bullock 

Bullock Island 

Bungay 

Bunker Hill 

Buoy 

Buoy Rock 

Butler 

Butterpot 

Buzzard Island 

Cabin Creek (Chop- 
tank River) 

Cabin Creek (Pros- 
pect Bay) 

Cabin Creek En- 
trance 

Camden Point 

Canoe Creek 

Captain Point 

Carpenter Island 

Carpenters Yard 

Carroll Muds (Cal- 
vert Co. ) 

Carroll Muds (St. 
Marys Co.) 

Carthagena Creek 

Carvel 

Cason 

Castle Haven 

Castle Haven Creek 

Cators 

Cedar Island 

Cedar Point (West 
River) 

Cedar Point (St. 
George River) 

Cedar Point (Broad 
Creek) 

Cedar Point Hollow 

Cedar Shoal 

Chad wick 

Chain Shoal 

Chancellor Point 

Change 

Chapel Point 

Chaptico Lumps 

Charleston Creek 

Chase 

Cherry (Rhode 
River) 

Cherry (St. Marys 
River) 



3 

32 
32 
26 
26 
41 
31 

5 
29,30 
22 
37 
19 
35 

32 

35 

34 
25 
19 
30 
26 
20 

20 

24 

29 

37 

35,37 

35 

36, 37, 38 

31 

3 

24 

34 

20,21 

11 

24 

7 

35 

33 

25 

26 

26 

2 

3 

24 



38 53 

38 58 

38 53 

38 15 

38 15 

38 17 

38 53 

38 13 

39 00 
38 06 
38 32 
38 29 
38 38 

38 56 

38 38 

38 44 

38 15 

38 23 

39 01 
38 30 
38 19 

38 19 

38 09 

39 00 
38 32 
38 38 
38 37 
38 30 
38 55 
38 51 

38 09 

38 44 

38 16 

38 18 

38 10 

38 07 

38 35 

38 43 

38 16 

38 20 

38 17 

39 01 
38 53 

38 07 



Longitude 



76 32 

76 15 

76 13 

76 49 

76 48 

76 01 

76 20 

75 53 

76 14 
76 20 
76 14 
76 40 

75 59 

76 13 

75 58 

76 07 
76 44 
76 32 
76 11 
76 40 
76 25 

76 25 

76 28 

76 17 

76 15 

76 12 

76 10 

76 19 

76 17 

76 31 

76 30 

76 14 

76 23 

75 54 

76 31 

75 58 

76 01 
76 18 
76 42 
76 51 
76 50 
76 31 
76 31 

76 28 



Anne Arundel 
Queen Annes 
Queen Annes 
St. Marys 
St. Marys 
Dorchester 
Queen Annes 
Somerset 
Kent 
St. Marys 
Dorchester 
Calvert 
Dorchester 

Queen Annes 

Dorchester 

Talbot 
St. Marys 
St. Marys 
Queen Annes 
Charles 
Calvert 

St. Marys 

St. Marys 
Queen Annes 
Dorchester 
Dorchester 
Dorchester 
Dorchester 
Queen Annes 
Anne Arimdel 

St. Marys 

Talbot 

St. Marys 

Wicomico 

St. Marys 

Somerset 

Talbot 

Talbot 

St. Marys 

St. Marys 

Charles 

Anne Arundel 

Anne Arundel 

St. Marys 



County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 



Page of 
U.S. Coast 
and Geodetic 

coxmtj' 
pubhcation 
of Survey of 
Oyster Bars 

on which 
boundaries 
are defined 



73 
70 
77 
110 
109 
110 
37 
3 
30 
32 
41 
39 
3 



110 

101 

9 

20 

3 

15 



62 
147 
158 
193 
193 
155 
133 

62 
108 
148 
133 

70 
112 



229 
182 
136 
121 
54 
82 

142 

157 
118 
132 
118 
117 
124 
144 
58 



25 


144 


6 


44 


79 


173 


11 


67 


127 


240 


51 


200 


94 


182 


121 


187 


11 


50 


28 


41 


72 


60 



Page of 
Fourth Ee- 
port of Mary- 
land SheU 
Fish Com- 
mission on 
which char- 
acteristics 

described 



116 
226 
. 226 
148 
148 
195 
226 
183 
239 
149 
196 
127 
197 

226 

197 

207 
148 
145 
227 
132 
126-127 

145-149 

146 
227 
196 
199 
199 
196 
227 
116 



207 

149 
189 
147 
183 
206 
208 
148 
149 
132 
114 
115 



NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



25 







Approximate geographic 






Page of 


Page of 








location 






County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


U. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 

number of 

Maryland 

Oyster Chart 










County in wtiich 
located 


and Geodetic 

county 
publication 
of Survey of 


port of Mary- 


Name of oyster bar 










land Shell 
Fish Com- 
mission on 




071 which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




Oyster Bars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Cherry Island 


37 


38 


34 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


44 


136 


197 


Cherry Tree (Pa- 


20 


38 


19 


76 


27 


Calvert 


21 


79 


126 


tuxent River) 




















Cherry Tree (Nan- 


11 


38 


18 


75 


55 


Wicomico 


8 


44 


189 


ticoke River) 




















Chester River Mid- 

dleground 
Cheston Point 


30 


39 


05 


76 


11 


Kent 


39 


112 


239 


3 


38 


52 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


80 


59 


116 


Chicken Cock 


24 


38 


07 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


41 


153 


146 


Chinese Muds (Cal- 


20 


38 


21 


76 


23 


Calvert 


13 


83 


127 


vert Co.) 




















Chinese Muds (St. 


20 


38 


19 


76 


22 


St. Marys 


24 


143 


149 


Marys Co.) 




















Chinks Point 


2 


38 


58 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


44 


35 


115 


Chlora Point 


35 


38 


38 


76 


09 


Talbot 


117 


235 


210 


Choptank Lumps 


34,37 


38 


40 


76 


14 


Talbot 


89 


218 


210 


Church Creek 


8 


37 


59 


76 


05 


Somerset 


37 


74 


183 


Church Hill 


33,34 


38 


41 


76 


18 


Talbot 


48 


198 


210 


Clay Bank 


33,36 


38 


27 


76 


23 


Talbot 


43 


196 


210 


Clay Island 


41 


38 


14 


75 


59 


Dorchester 


112 


153 


195 


Clem Point 


2 


39 


01 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


37 


42 


115 


Cliff 


30 


39 


06 


76 


09 


Kent 


56 


118 


239 


Coad 


24 


38 


09 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


63 


156 


146 


Coal Lump 


28 


39 


15 


76 


15 


Kent 


3 


96 


241 


Cobb Point 


26 


38 


15 


76 


50 


Charles 


15 


52 


132 


Coffee 


32 


38 


52 


76 


13 


Queen Annes 


80 


158 


226 


Cohouck 


26 


38 


21 


76 


51 


St. Marys 


122 


187 


149 


Collins Flats 


3 


38 


51 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


85 


57 


116 


Commander 


3,5 


38 


35 


76 


07 


Dorchester 


14 


116 


199 


Commegys Bight 


30 


39 


06 


76 


08 


Kent 


57 


119 


239 


Cook Point 


36,37 


38 


39 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


22 


118 


199 


Cooper Creek 


24 


38 


10 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


59 


161 


146 


Coopers Point 


34 


38 


45 


76 


16 


Talbot 


74 


211 


208 


Coppage 


24 


38 


10 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


60 


161 


146 


Cormal 


7 


38 


08 


75 


50 


Somerset 


17 


69 


182 


Corners Wharf 


37 


38 


37 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


19 


129 


199 


Cove Point Bight 


20 


38 


22 


76 


22 


Calvert 


9 


85 


127 


Cow Island 


36,37 


38 


33 


76 


18 


Dorchester 


33 


128 


196 


Cox 


34 


38 


46 


76 


09 


Talbot 


15 


235 


209 


Cox Neck 


31 


38 


54 


76 


17 


Queen Annes 


56 


145 


227 


Crab Alley Lumps 


31,32 


38 


55 


76 


16 


Queen Annes 


59 


144 


227 


Crab Point 


40 


38 


16 


76 


08 


Dorchester 


89 


147 


198 


Creces Cove 


2 


38 


59 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


23 


37 


114 


Curtis 


3 


38 


52 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


86 


57 


117 


Daddie Dare 


17 


38 


34 


76 


30 


Calvert 


5 


66 


127 


Dark Point 


40 


38 


18 


76 


10 


Dorchester 


94 


144 


198 


Davis Creek 


30 


39 


07 


76 


10 


Kent 


47 


115 


240 


Dawson 


34 


38 


41 


76 


17 


Talbot 


66 


206 


210 


Deep Landing Hole 


28,29 


39 


09 


76 


16 


Kent 


11 


101 


241 


Deep Neck 


34 


38 


44 


76 


15 


Talbot 


70 


209 


207 


Deep Point 


30 


39 


07 


76 


07 


Kent 


59 


119 


239 


Deep Point Mud 


20 


38 


18 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


21 


142 


145 


Deep Shoal 


28 


39 


15 


76 


14 


Kent 


2 


95 


241 


Deep Water 


15 


38 


04 


75 


17 


Worcester 


23 


57 


246 



26 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 







Approximate geographic | 


1 




Page of 


Page of 








location 








U.S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 
number of 












C ounty 
index 


md Geodetic 
county 


port of Mary- 












land Shell 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 
Oyste'r Chart 










County in which 
located 


by which 


publication 
of tkirvey of 


Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latitude j 


Longitude | 




on Index 
Chart 


Oyster Bars 
on wliich 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Deep Water Point 


32 


38 


48 


76 


/ 
13 


Talbot 


20 


186 


209 


Diamond (Chesa- 
peake Bay) 
Diamond (Chinco- 


36,37 


38 


37 


76 


20 


Dorchester 


25 


120 


199 


14,15 


38 


06 


75 


17 


Worcester 


12 


54 


246 


teague Bay) 




















Dickinson 


35 


38 


36 


76 


06 


Talbot 


121 


238 


210 


Dividing 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


96 


166 


225 


Dixon 


35 


38 


36 


75 


59 


Dorchester 


5 


112 


197 


Dominion 


32 


38 


56 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


66 


151 


226 


Double Mills 


34 


38 


44 


76 


08 


Talbot 


108 


228 


207 


Dredge Rock 


29 


39 


01 


76 


15 


Kent 


26 


106 


239 


Drum 


15 


38 


04 


75 


16 


Worcester 


19 


56 


246 


Drum Point (Chop- 


35 


38 


39 


75 


57 


Dorchester 


1 


111 


197 


tank River) 




















Drum Point (Lang- 


30 


39 


07 


76 


10 


Kent 


46 


114 


240 


ford Creek) 




















Drum Point (Wye 

River) 
Drum Point (Mano- 

kin River) 
Drum Point (Broad 


32 


38 


53 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


89 


163 


225 


7 


38 


07 


75 


53 


Somerset 


19 


71 


182 


34 


38 


45 


76 


13 


Talbot 


82 


214 


207 


Creek) 




















Duck Island 


41 


38 


16 


76 


00 


Dorchester 


111 


155 


195 


Dukehart Channel 


25 


38 


13 


76 


45 


St. Marys 


104 


179 


147 


Dunbar 


24 


38 


07 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


37 


152 


145 


Dupont 


36,37 


38 


37 


76 


18 


Dorchester 


26 


120 


199 


Durdin 


30 


39 


02 


76 


12 


Kent 


34 


109 


239 


Dutchman 


3 


38 


52 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


70 


56 


117 


Dutchman Hollow 


3 


38 


52 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


71 


59 


115 


Duvall 


3 


38 


57 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


57 


53 


115 


Eagle Point (Lang- 


30 


39 


08 


76 


10 


Kent 


49 


116 


240 


ford Creek) 




















Eagle Point (Harris 


33 


38 


44 


76 


19 


Talbot 


52 


201 


208 


Creek) 




















Earle Cove 


30 


39 


05 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


10 


126 


228 


East End 


32 


38 


50 


76 


13 


Talbot 


9 


189 


209 


East Neck Bay 


29 


39 


04 


76 


16 


Kent 


23 


105 


241 


Easter Cove 


15 


38 


04 


75 


19 


Worcester 


16 


55 


246 


Ebb Point 


30 


39 


06 


76 


09 


Kent 


55 


118 


239 


Edmund 


24 


38 


08 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


64 


155 


146 


Elbow 


26 


38 


31 


76 


40 


Charles 


2 


53 


132 


Emanuel 


17,18 


38 


30 


76 


29 


Calvert 


7 


67 


127 


Emory Hollow 


30 


39 


06 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


6 


128 


227 


Emory Wharf 


30 


39 


05 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


11 


125 


228 


Ennis 


14 


38 


11 


75 


14 


Worcester 


5 


50 


246 


Entrance Lumps 


29 


39 


03 


76 


15 


Kent 


24 


106 


240 


Erickson Sands 


31 


38 


55 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


45 


138 


227 


Evans (Fishing Bay) 


41 


38 


15 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


102 


154 


195 


Evans (Wicomico 


5 


38 


13 


75 


54 


Somerset 


4 


62 


182 


River) 












1 








Fairhaven 


4 


38 


45 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


90 


64 


116 


Fenwick 


26 


38 


18 


76 


50 


Charles 


9 


49 


132 


Ferry (Kent Co.) 


29 


39 


00 


76 


15 


Kent 


29 


107 


239 


Ferry(Queen Annes 


29 


39 


00 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


26 


118 


227 


Co.) 












' 









NATURAL OYSTER BAES. 

Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars— Goiilinued. 



27 







Approximate geographic 






Page of 


Page of 








location 






County 

index 

number 

by which 


U. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 












and Geodetic 


port of Mary- 




number of 












county 


land Shell 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which 
located 


pubUoation 
of Survey of 


Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latiti 


de 


Longitude 




on Index 
Chart 


Oyster Bars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 




















are defined 


described 


Ferry Point 


2 


39 


00 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


24 


37 


114 


Pish Hawk 


21,22 


38 


09 


76 


19 


St. Marys 


29 


146 


149 


Pishing Creek 


37 


38 


32 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


50 


138 


197 


Flag Pond 


18 


38 


26 


76 


26 


Calvert 


8 


68 


127 


Flat Island 


3 


38 


53 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


74 


62 


116 


Flat Rock 


41 


38 


20 


76 


00 


Dorchester 


106 


157 


195 


Flatty 
Floodi Point 


34 


38 


43 


76 


08 


Talbot 


106 


227 


207 


29 


38 


59 


76 


15 


Queen Annas 


24 


119 


226 


Fort 


24 


38 


08 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


42 


155 


146 


Fox 


34 


38 


46 


76 


14 


Talbot 


86 


216 


207 


Fox Island 


9 


37 


55 


75 


56 


Somerset 


26 


75 


183 


Fox Hole 


34 


38 


41 


76 


11 


Talbot 


93 


221 


206 


Fox Point 


3 


38 


56 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


54 


51 


115 


France 


34 


38 


41 


76 


17 


Talbot 


65 


206 


210 


Frog Point 


41 


38 


14 


75 


57 


Dorchester 


114 


158 


195 


Gales Lumps 


28 


.39 


13 


76 


17 


Kent 


6 


96 


241 


Gatton 


19 


38 


24 


76 


34 


St. Marys 


8 


136 


145 


Georges 


5,7 


38 


08 


75 


50 


Somerset 


15 


64 


182 


Gibsons Flats 


34 


38 


47 


76 


12 


Talbot 


13 


233 


209 


Goodwin 


20 


38 


19 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


18 


140 


145 


Goose Creek 


41 


38 


16 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


103 


154 


195 


Goose Neck 


34 


38 


42 


76 


10 


Talbot 


97 


223 


206 


Goose Point (St. 


24 


38 


08 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


69 


168 


147 


George River) 




















Goose Point (Chop- 


35 


38 


36 


76 


00 


Talbot 


129 


241 


206 


tank River) 




















Gough 


25 


38 


15 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


83 


176 


147 


Governors Run 


17,18 


38 


31 


76 


30 


Calvert 


6 


67 


127 


Granary Point 


32 


38 


53 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


98 


167 


225 


Granger 


36,37,38 


38 


30 


76 


20 


Dorchester 


62 


124 


196 


Grapevine 


37 


38 


32 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


51 


138 


197 


Gravelly Run 


24 


38 


11 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


51 


162 


146 


Graves 


24 


38 


07 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


39 


151 


145 


Great Bar 


34 


38 


43 


76 


15 


Talbot 


68 


208 


207 


Great Marsh 


34 


38 


42 


76 


17 


Talbot 


64 


207 


208 


Great Rock 


9 


37 


56 


75 


56 


Somerset 


25 


75 


183 


Great Shoals 


12 


38 


13 


75 


53 


Wicomico 


13 


47 


189 


Green Marsh 


35 


38 


35 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


9 


114 


199 


Greenwood Creek 


32 


38 


53 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


78 


157 


226 


Greeves Cove 


31 


38 


55 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


41 


135 


227 


Guest Marshes 


25 


38 


18 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


97 


185 


148 


Gum 


39,40 


38 


20 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


97 


142 


198 


Gum Spring 


29 


39 


07 


76 


15 


Kent 


19 


103 


240 


Gum Thicket 


31 


38 


53 


76 


23 


Queen Annes 


32 


131 


228 


Gunby 


10 


37 


56 


75 


46 


Somerset 


30 


77 


182 


Hackett Point 


2 


38 


59 


70 


25 


Anne Arundel 


15 


32 


116 


Hackley Creek 


26 


38 


14 


76 


47 


St. Marys 


107 


194 


148 


H add away 


30 


39 


08 


76 


06 


Kent 


61 


120 


239 


Hail Creek 


30 


39 


01 


76 


12 


Kent 


31 


108 


239 


Hail Point 


30 


39 


00 


76 


12 


Kent 


32 


109 


239 


Haines 


5 


38 


11 


75 


58 


Somerset 


7 


61 


• 183 


Half Pone 


20 


38 


22 


76 


31 


St. Marys 


13 


138 


145 


Half Way Mark 


41 


38 


19 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


107 


157 


195 


Halls Point 


5 


38 


12 


75 


57 


Somerset 


6 


61 


182 


Hambleton 


32 


38 


50 


76 


14 


Talbot 


23 


185 


209 



28 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 







Approxlmato geographic 






Page of 


Page of 








location 






County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


U. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 
number at 












and Geodetic 
county 


port of Mary- 












land Shell 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 


County in which 
located 


publication 

of Survey of 

Oyster Bars 

on which 


Fish Com- 
mission on 
which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Hambleton Hill 


32 


38 


50 


76 


14 


Talbot 


25 


184 


209 


Hambrooks 


35 


38 


36 


76 


05 


Dorchester 


10 


114 


199 


Handys Hammock 


13, 14 


38 


12 


75 


14 


Worcester 


2 


49 


246 


Harris 


7 


38 


03 


75 


53 


Somerset 


22 


73 


183 


Harrison 


34 


38 


47 


76 


16 


Talbot 


79 


214 


207 


Harry Jacks 


25 


38 


18 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


98 


186 


148 


Hawks Nest 


20 


38 


20 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


14 


138 


145 


Hellen 


20 


38 


22 


76 


29 


Calvert 


26 


76 


126 


Hells Delight 


30 


39 


04 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


17 


123 


227 


llenpeck 


36, 37, 38 


38 


31 


76 


19 


Dorchester 


60 


125 


196 


Heron Island Reef 


25 


38 


13 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


80 


179 


147 


Heron Island Sound 


25 


38 


14 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


81 


179 


147 


Herrinp; Island 


32 


38 


50 


76 


13 


Talbot 


8 


189 


209 


Hess 


32 


38 


52 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


91 


164 


225 


Hickory Thicket 


29 


39 


04 


76 


15 


Kent 


22 


105 


240 


Hickory Nut 


11 


38 


19 


75 


54 


Wicomico 


4 


43 


189 


Hickory 


40 


38 


16 


76 


10 


Dorchester 


92 


145 


198 


High Island 
Hill 


3 


38 


53 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


75 


61 


116 


41 


38 


19 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


108 


156 


195 


Hill Point (Severn 


3 


38 


55 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


53 


51 


115 


River) 




















Hill Point East 


3 


38 


55 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


52 


50 


115 


Hills and Holes 


41 


38 


16 


75 


56 


Dorchester 


116 


158 


195 


Hills Point (Chesa- 


36,37 


38 


35 


76 


19 


Dorchester 


29 


121 


199 


peake Bay) 




















Hills Point North 


36,37 


38 


35 


76 


21 


Dorchester 


30 


121 


199 


Hills Point South 


36,37 


38 


34 


76 


21 


Dorchester 


31 


122 


199 


Hobbs 


32 


38 


53 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


84 


160 


225 


Hodges 


28 


39 


11 


76 


16 


Kent 


7 


98 


241 


Hog Island (Pros- 
pect Bay) 
II og Island (Patux- 


32 


38 


58 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


68 


149 


226 


20 


38 


19 


76 


23 


St. Marys 


23 


143 


149 


ent River) 




















Hog Point 


16 


38 


42 


76 


30 


Calvert 


1 


64 


127 


Holland Straits 


42 


38 


07 


76 


05 


Dorchester 


79 


162 


198 


Holland 


12 


38 


15 


75 


51 


Wicomico 


15 


48 


189 


Holland Point 


4 


38 


44 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


91 


65 


117 


(Chesapeake Bay) 




















Holland Point 


19 


38 


30 


76 


40 


Calvert 


40 


69 


127 


(Patuxcnt River) 




















Holland Point 


34 


38 


46 


76 


16 


Talbot 


78 


213 


207 


(Broad Creek) 




















IIollyday(KcntCo.) 


30 


39 


08 


76 


05 


Kent 


62 


120 


239 


Ilollyday (Queen 


30 


39 


08 


76 


05 


Queen Annes 


3 


129 


227 


Anues Co.) 




















Holton Point 


30 


39 


05 


76 


09 


Queen Annes 


8 


124 


227 


Hood 


32 


38 


56 


76 


14 


Queen Annes 


73 


153 


226 


Hooper 


36, 37, 38 


38 


31 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


55 


125 


196 


Hooper Strait 
Hopkins 


40 


38 


13 


76 


07 


Dorchester 


75 


148 


198 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


09 


Talbot 


113 


230 


206 


Hopkins Cove 


41 


38 


13 


76 


03 


Dorchester 


85 


149 


198 


Horn Point (Severn 


2 


38 


58 


76 


28 


Anne Anindel 


43 


36 


115 


River) 




















Horn Point (Chop- 


35 


38 


36 


76 


09 


Dorchester 


15 


116 


199 


tank River) 





















NATUBAL OYSTER BARS. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



29 







Approximate geograpliic 






Page of 


Page of 








location 






County 
index 
number 
by wliich 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


a. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 












and Ceodetic 


port of Mary- 




number of 












county 


land Shell 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which 
located 


pubUcation 
of Survey of 


Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Lonsi 


udc 




Oyster 13ars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundarie.s 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Horse 


25 


38 


14 


76 


44 


St. Marys 


103 


180 


147 


Horsehead North 


15 


38 


03 


75 


16 


Worcester 


27 


58 


246 


Horsehead South 


15 


38 


03 


75 


16 


Worcester 


28 


59 


246 


Horse Point Chan- 
nel 
Horse Race 


39.40 


38 


18 


76 


14 


Dorchester 


72 


140 


199 


30 


39 


02 


76 


11 


Queen Annea 


19 


122 


227 


Horseshoe (St. Ma- 


24 


38 


12 


76 


27 


St. Marj-3 


53 


165 


146 


rys River) 




















Horseshoe (Miles 

River) 
Howells Point 


32 


38 


52 


76 


14 


Talbot 


29 


182 


209 


35 


38 


37 


76 


07 


Talbot 


120 


237 


210 


Hudson (Little 


37 


38 


33 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


39 


133 


19 


Choptank River) 




















Hudson (Chester 


30 


39 


06 


76 


11 


Kent 


43 


113 


240 


River) 




















Huugerford Hollow 


20 


38 


20 


70 


29 


Calvert 


25 


76 


126 


Huntingfield 


29 


39 


07 


76 


15 


Kent 


18 


103 


240 


Hunts 


33 


38 


44 


76 


19 


Talbot 


55 


202 


208 


Hurdle 


24 


38 


08 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


68 


167 


147 


Ingram Shoal 


12 


38 


14 


75 


52 


Wicomico 


14 


47 


189 


Inner Round Point 


3 


38 


55 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


64 


50 


115 


Irish Creek 


34 


38 


41 


76 


13 


Talbot 


88 


217 


210 


Inside Greenbury 


2 


38 


59 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


20 


35 


114 


Island 


25 


38 


16 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


86 


174 


147 


Island Cove 


31 


38 


57 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


50 


141 


227 


Island Creek (Pa- 


19 


38 


24 


76 


33 


Calvert 


29 


74 


126 


tuxent River) 




















Island Creek (Chop- 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


08 


Talbot 


115 


231 


206 


tank River) 




















Island Point 


30 


39 


08 


76 


10 


Kent 


48 


115 


■ 240 


Island Shore 


24 


38 


08 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


70 


168 


147 


Jackass 


3 


38 


53 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


77 


61 


116 


Jacks Bay 


19 


38 


25 


76 


35 


Calvert 


32 


73 


126 


Jacks Marsh 


19 


38 


26 


76 


37 


Calvert 


33 


72 


126 


Jamaica Point 


35 


38 


37 


75 


59 


Talbot 


131 


242 


206 


James Point 


36 


38 


33 


76 


22 


Dorchester 


65 


122 


199 


Jane 


41 


38 


12 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


81 


151 


198 


Joe Harri.s Flats 


34 


38 


44 


76 


13 


Talbot 


83 


215 


207 


Joes Lumps 


26 


38 


19 


76 


51 


C'harles 


7 


48 


132 


Johnson Island 


31 


38 


56 


76 


17 


Queen Annes 


58 


143 


227 


Johnston 


34 


38 


44 


76 


08 


Talbot 


109 


229 


207 


Jones (Little Chop- 
tank River) 
Jones St. Marys 


37 


38 


33 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


46 


136 


197 


24 


38 


10 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


46 


159 


146 


River) 




















Jones Hole 


31 


38 


56 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


48 


140 


227 


Judys Point 


34 


38 


45 


76 


17 


Talbot 


75 


212 


208 


Juniper 


32 


38 


53 


76 


09 


Talbot 


1 


193 


209 


Jutland 


24 


38 


07 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


38 


151 


145 


Kedge Straits 


6 


38 


04 


76 


05 


Somerset 


35 


65 


183 


Kennedy 


24 


38 


10 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


49 


159 


146 


Kennel 


15 


38 


04 


75 


17 


Worcester 


20 


56 


246 


Kent Island Nar- 


29 


38 


58 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


25 


120 


226 


rows 
Kent Point 


31 


38 


51 


76 


23 


Queen Annes 


33 


131 


228 



30 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
A^.VPHABETICAL INDEX TO NATURAL OySTER BaRS — CoiltiuUed. 







Approximate geographic 






Page of 


Page of 








location 






County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


U. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 
number of 












and Geodetic 
county 


port of Mary- 












land Shell 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which 
located 


pubUcation 
of Survey of 


Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




Oyster Bars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Key 


26 


38 


22 


76 


51 


St. Marya 


123 


186 


149 


Kings Creek 


30 


39 


08 


76 


09 


Kent 


51 


116 


240 


Kirby 


35 


38 


36 


76 


05 


Talbot 


122 


238 


210 


Kitts Creek East 


10 


37 


58 


75 


42 


Somerset 


33 


79 


. 182 


Kitts Creek West 


10 


37 


58 


75 


43 


Somerset 


32 


78 


182 


Kitts Marsh 


19 


38 


27 


76 


37 


Calvert 


35 


71 


126 


La Grande 


20 


38 


18 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


19 


141 


145 


La Trappe 


35 


38 


38 


76 


07 


Talbot 


119 


236 


206 


Lakes Cove 


40 


38 


17 


76 


09 


Dorchester 


93 


144 


198 


Lambertson Land- 


14 


38 


12 


75 


15 


Worcester 


4 


50 


246 


ing 
Lancaster 


26 


38 


17 


76 


50 


Charles 


12 


50 


132 


Langley Hollow 


24 


38 


09 


76 


26 


St. Marya 


43 


156 


146 


Le Compte 


35 


38 


37 


76 


09 


Dorchester 


16 


117 


199 


Levin Tump 


15 


38 


04 


75 


16 


Worcester 


25 


58 


246 


Light House 


34, 35, 37 


38 


39 


76 


11 


Talbot 


91 


219 


210 


Light House Lump 


20 


38 


19 


76 


25 


Calvert 


17 


82 


126 


Limekiln 


30 


39 


05 


76 


12 


Kent 


40 


112 


240 


Little Choptank 


36,37 


38 


31 


76 


19 


Dorchester 


59 


126 


196 


Little Cove Point 


20 


38 


21 


76 


23 


Calvert 


10 


85 


127 


Little Neck (Swan 


28,29 


39 


08 


76 


16 


Kent 


10 


101 


241 


Creek) 




















Little Neck (Han-is 


33,34 


38 


46 


76 


18 


Talbot 


60 


205 


208 


Creek) 




















Little Pollard 


37 


38 


32 


76 


16 


Dorchester 


37 


132 


196 


Little Sandy 


2 


38 


59 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


22 


37 


114 


Lodges 


33 


38 


45 


76 


19 


Talbot 


57 


203 


208 


Logans Hill 


37 


38 


39 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


20 


129 


199 


Long (Chesapeake 

Bay) 
Long (St. George 


4 


38 


45 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


89 


64 


117 


24 


38 


09 


76 


31 


St. Marys 


78 


173 


147 


River) 




















Long Point (Ches- 


29,30 


39 


00 


76 


14 


Queen Annes 


23 


119 


227 


ter River) 




















Long Point (East- 


31 


38 


52 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


34 


132 


226 


ern Bay) 




















Long Point (Poco- 


9 


37 


57 


75 


49 


Somerset 


29 


77 


182 


moke Sound) 




















Long Point (Miles 


34 


38 


46 


76 


11 


Talbot 


14 


234 


209 


River) 




















Long Point Woods 


34 


38 


42 


76 


16 


Talbot 


67 


207 


207 


Long Shoal 


11 


38 


18 


75 


55 


Wicomico 


7 


44 


189 


Louis Cove 


34 


38 


42 


76 


09 


Talbot 


100 


224 


206 


Love Point 


29 


39 


03 


76 


18 


Queen Annes 


29 


117 


228 


Lovers Point 


25 


38 


16 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


84 


175 


147 


Lower Forrest 


19 


38 


25 


76 


36 


St. Marya 


7 


135 


145 


Lower Newfound- 


41 


38 


19 


75 


55 


Dorchester 


120 


160 


195 


land 




















Ijower Steps 


16 


38 


38 


76 


31 


Calvert 


3 


65 


127 


Lower Thorough- 
tare 


40 


38 


15 


76 


09 


Dorchester 


88 


146 


198 


Lows Point 


31,33 


38 


48 


76 


20 


Talbot 


37 


178 


210 


Lulu 


3 


38 


53 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


69 


55 


117 


Lumps East of Craig- 
hill Channel 


1 


39 


07 


76 


22 


Anne Arundel 


3 


26 


117 





















NATUKAL OYSTEK BARS. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



31 







Approximate geographic 






Page ol 


Page of 








lOtdllOIl 






County 

index 

numher 

by which 


U. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 












and Geodetic 


port of Mary- 




number of 












county 


land SheU 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in whicli 
located 


publication 
of Survey of 


Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




on Index 
Chart 


Oyster Bars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


McKay 


21 


38 


10 


76 


20 


St. Marys 


28 


146 


149 


McKeils Point 


37 


38 


33 


76 


14 


Dorchester 


42 


134 


196 


Macks Hollow 


19 


38 


29 


76 


39 


Calvert 


38 


70 


127 


Man O'War Shoals 


27 


39 


11 


76 


22 


Baltimore 


3 


34 


103 


Manahowic Creek 


26 


38 


19 


76 


50 


St. Marys 


118 


189 


149 


Mares Point 


34 


38 


42 


76 


09 


Talbot 


99 


224 


206 


Marshall 


36, 37, 38 


38 


29 


76 


20 


Dorchester 


64 


123 


197 


Marshy 


34 


38 


43 


76 


09 


Talbot 


105 


227 


207 


Marshy Island 


7 


38 


07 


75 


53 


Somerset 


18 


70 


182 


Marshy Point 


3 


38 


54 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


67 


48 


115 


Martin Point 


14,15 


38 


05 


75 


18 


Worcester 


15 


54 


246 


Marumsco 


10 


37 


57 


75 


44 


Somerset 


31 


78 


182 


Marys Delight 


31 


38 


49 


76 


19 


Talbot 


36 


178 


210 


Mattapex 


31 


38 


55 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


42 


136 


227 


Matthews 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


08 


Talbot 


116 


232 


206 


Mears (Calvert Co.) 


19,20 


38 


22 


76 


30 


Calvert 


27 


75 


126 


Mears (St. Marys 

Co.) 
Melton Point 


19,20 


38 


22 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


12 


137 


145 


30 


39 


08 


76 


04 


Kent 


63 


121 


239 


Melvin 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Queen Annea 


95 


166 


225 


Middle Block 


31 


38 


54 


76 


18 


Queen Annes 


53 


134 


226 


Middlesround 

Mi ddleground 

Liunp 
MUbourne Shore 


12 


38 


14 


75 


55 


Wicomico 


11 


46 


189 


24 


38 


08 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


65 


155 


146 


24 


38 


08 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


71 


169 


147 


Mileys Creek 


25 


38 


16 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


99 


183 


148 


Mill Dam 


35 


38 


36 


75 


59 


Talbot 


130 


242 


206 


Mill Hill 


32 


38 


54 


76 


13 


Queen Annes 


76 


156 


226 


Mill Point (Chesa- 
peake Bay) 
Mill Point (Harris 


36,37 


38 


36 


76 


18 


Dorchester 


28 


121 


199 


33 


38 


45 


76 


18 


Talbot 


54 


202 


208 


Creek) 




















Millers Island 


27 


39 


13 


76 


21 


Baltimore 


2 


34 


103 


Mills 


32 


38 


52 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


83 


160 


225 


Mills East 


26 


38 


20 


76 


51 


St. Marys 


120 


188 


149 


Mills West 


26 


38 


20 


76 


51 


Charles 


6 


47 


132 


Millstone 


20 


38 


18 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


20 


141 


145 


Mink Tump 


15 


38 


04 


75 


19 


Worcester 


17 


55 


246 


MitchellsBluff 

Buoy 
Mouldy Creek 


28 


39 


13 


76 


16 


Kent 


5 


97 


241 


25 


38 


16 


76 


38 


St. Marys 


85 


174 


147 


Mouth of Creek 


24 


38 


07 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


124 


153 


146 


Mouth of River 


26 


38 


15 


76 


49 


St. Marys 


111 


192 


148 


Mount Vernon 


5 


38 


15 


75 


48 


Somerset 


1 


63 


183 


Wharf 




















Mountain Point 


1,2 


39 


05 


76 


25 


Anne Arundel 


4 


27 


117 


Mud (Dorchester 

Co.) 
Mud (Chester River) 


41 


38 


10 


76 


00 


Dorchester 


80 


151 


198 


29,30 


39 


01 


76 


14 


Kent 


28 


107 


239 


Mud (Somerset Co.) 


5 


38 


09 


76 


00 


Somerset 


9 


60 


183 


Muddy Drain 


29 


39 


08 


76 


16 


Kent 


17 


102 


240 


Mulberry Point 


34 


38 


45 


76 


15 


Talbot 


71 


209 


207 


Mummys Cove 


30 


39 


07 


76 


06 


Queen Annes 


4 


129 


227 


Mussel Hole 


7 


38 


04 


75 


59 


Somerset 


12 


66 


183 


Neale 


19,20 


38 


23 


76 


31 


St. Marys 


11 


137 


145 



32 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 







Approximate geographic | 






Page of 


Page of ■ 








location 








U. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 
number of 












County 
inde.t 
number 
by which 
Indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


and Geodetic 
county 


port of Mary- 






1 






land Shell 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

sho^\Ti 


Latitude 


Longitude 


County in which 
located 


pubhcation 

of Survey of 

Oyster Bars 

on which 


Fish Com- 
mission on 
which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


New- 


41 


38 


15 


75 


56 


Dorchester 


115 


158 


195 


New Discovery 


39 


38 


18 


76 


17 Dorchester 


71 


139 


199 


Newport 


13,14 


38 


12 


75 


14 


Worcester 


3 


50 


246 


Newtown Flats 


25 


38 


14 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


93 


181 


148 


Nichols 


30 


39 


05 


76 


11 


Kent 


42 


113 


239 


Nine Acres 


36,37 


38 


31 


76 


18 


Dorchester 


58 


126 


196 


Norman 


40 


38 


15 


76 


07 


Dorchester 


87 


147 


198 


Normans Fine Eyes 


31,32 


38 


55 


76 


17 


Queen Annes 


60 


145 


227 


Normans Marsh 


32 


38 


56 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


64 


152 


226 


Northwest (Kent 

Co) 
Northwest (Queen 


30 


39 


08 


76 


05 


Kent 


64 


121 


239 


30 


39 


09 


76 


05 


Queen Annes 


1 


130 


227 


Annes Co) 




















Northwest Middle- 
ground 
Old Field 


42 


38 


07 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


76 


160 


199 


30 


39 


05 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


14 


124 


227 


Old Fort 


2 


38 


59 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


21 


36 


114 


Old Hare 


24 


38 


06 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


35 


149 


145 


Old House 


41 


38 


18 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


104 


156 


195 


Old House Point 


34 


38 


43 


76 


08 


Talbot 


102 


225 


207 


Old Lump 


20 


38 


19 


76 


25 


Calvert 


16 


82 


126 


Old Orchard (Tan- 


5 


38 


10 


75 


58 


Somerset 


8 


60 


183 


gier Sound) 




















Old Orchard (Miles 

River) 
Old Woman 


34 


38 


47 


76 


12 


Talbot 


18 


232 


209 


3 


38 


54 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


49 


47 


117 


Old Womans Patch 


11 


38 


18 


75 


54 


Wicomico 


5 


43 


189 


Old Wreck 


25 


38 


14 


76 


44 


St. Marys 


102 


181 


148 


Orem 


34 


38 


43 


76 


09 


Talbot 


107 


228 


207 


Outer Hole 


41 


38 


18 


75 


55 


Dorchester 


119 


159 


195 


Outer Magothy 


2 


39 


03 


76 


24 


Anne Arundel 


12 


30 


117 


Outer Round Point 


3 


38 


55 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


65 


50 


115 


Oyster Creek (Lit- 


36, 37, 38 


38 


30 


76 


20 


Dorchester 


63 


124 


197 


tle C h p t a n k 
River) 
Oyster Creek 




















6 


38 


04 


76 


04 


Somerset 


34 


65 


183 


(Kedge Straits) 




















Oyster Shell Point 


35 


38 


35 


76 


00 


Dorchester 


6 


113 


197 


Paca 


32 


38 


53 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


86 


161 


225 


Pagan 


24 


38 


12 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


57 


164 


146 


Park 


2 


39 


05 


76 


20 


Anne Arundel 


8 


29 


114 


Parker Mooro 


20 


38 


21 


76 


24 


Calvert 


11 


84 


127 


Parkers Wharf 


19 


38 


25 


76 


34 


Calvert 


31 


73 


126 


Parsons Island 


32 


38 


54 


76 


16 


Queen Annes 


61 


146 


227 


Parsons Island Nar- 


32 


38 


55 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


63 


155 


226 


rows 
Pattison 


37 


38 


34 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


47 


137 


197 


Paul 


40 


38 


16 


76 


08 


Dorchester 


90 


146 


198 


Paw Paw Hollow 


25 


38 


16 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


87 


175 


147 


Pea Hill 


31 


38 


55 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


46 


139 


227 


Peach Hill 


2 


39 


05 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


6 


28 


114 


Peach On-hard 


2 


39 


00 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


25 


38 


114 


Peanut 


39,40 


38 


21 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


98 


142 


198 


Peanut Hill 


36,37 


38 


33 


76 


19 


Dorchester 


32 


127 


196 



KATXJKAL OYSTEB BARS. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



33 







Appro 


ximate geographic 






Page of 


Page of 




Chart 




location 






County 
index 


U. S. Coast 
and Geodetit 


Fourth Re- 
port of Mary- 
land Shell 




number of 












county 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which 
located 


by which 


publication 
of Survey of 


Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




on Index 


Oyster Dars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 


















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Pecks Point 


34 


38 


42 


76 


10 


Talbot 


98 


223 


206 


Persimmon 


2 


39 


03 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


11 


30 


114 


Persimmon Tree 


32 


38 


51 


76 


13 


Queen Annes 


81 


159 


225 


Peterson (Calvert 


19,20 


38 


24 


76 


31 


Calvert 


28 


75 


126 


L-OJ 

Peterson (St. Marys 

Co.) 
Philibys 


19,20 


38 


24 


76 


32 


St. Marys 


10 


137 


145 


9 


37 


57 


75 


55 


Somerset 


24 


74 


183 


Philips 


30 


39 


08 


76 


09 


Kent 


53 


117 


240 


Phoenix Shoal 


28 


39 


17 


76 


13 


Kent 


1 


95 


241 


Pin Cushion 


34 


38 


44 


76 


12 


Talbot 


84 


215 


207 


Pine Tree 


31 


38 


54 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


39 


135 


226 


Piney Island East 


7 


38 


04 


75 


54 


Somerset 


21 


72 


183 


Piney Island Swash 


7 


38 


07 


75 


55 


Somerset 


14 


68 


182 


Piney Island West 


7 


38 


05 


75 


57 


Somerset 


13 


67 


183 


Piney Point (Kent 

Co.) 
Piney Point (Queen 


30 


39 


03 


76 


12 


Kent 


36 


110 


239 


30 


39 


03 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


18 


122 


227 


Annes Co.) 




















Pleasant Hill 


33, 34, 36 


38 


41 


76 


17 


Talbot 


47 


198 


210 


Plum Point 


16,17 


38 


37 


76 


29 


Calvert 


4 


66 


127 


Point(Sevem River) 


2 


39 


02 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


29 


42 


114 


Point (Fishing Bay) 


41 


38 


19 


76 


01 


Dcrchester 


109 


156 


195 


Point Look-in 


22 


38 


05 


76 


19 


St. Marys 


33 


148 


149 


Point Lookout 


22,23 


38 


03 


76 


19 


St. Marys 


34 


149 


149 


Pompes 


34 


38 


45 


76 


16 


Talbot 


73 


211 


208 


Pond Marsh 


31 


38 


56 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


49 


140 


227 


Pone 


33 


38 


42 


76 


22 


Talbot 


41 


195 


210 


Poplar 


30 


39 


00 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


21 


121 


227 


Poplar Island 


31,33 


38 


46 


76 


23 


Talbot 


38 


177 


210 


Poplar Island Nar- 


33 


38 


46 


76 


21 


Talbot 


39 


193 


208 


rows 
Poplar Point 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Talbot 


2 


192 


209 


Poppin Point 


2 


39 


02 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


35 


43 


115 


Possum Point 


30 


39 


05 


76 


07 


Queen Annes 


13 


127 


228 


Potato Hill 


3 


38 


52 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


81 


57 


116 


Prickly Point 


7 


38 


05 


75 


54 


Somerset 


20 


72 


183 


Priest 


24 


38 


09 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


44 


157 


146 


Prison Point 


19 


38 


27 


76 


37 


Calvert 


34 


72 


126 


Prospect 


32 


38 


57 


76 


14 


Queen Annes 


72 


150 


226 


Prospect Point 


32 


38 


53 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


79 


157 


226 


Punch Island Creek 


38 


38 


25 


76 


19 


Dorchester 


67 


139 


199 


Purdy Flats 


3 


38 


56 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


62 


52 


115 


Pumell Hammock 


14 


38 


06 


75 


17 


Worcester 


11 


53 


246 


Rabbit Island 


34 


38 


46 


76 


17 


Talbot 


61 


205 


208 


Race Horse f Queen 
Annes Co.) 


32 


38 


52 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


93 


165 


225 




















Race Horse (Talbot 

Co.) 
Ragged Point 


32 


38 


52 


76 


11 


Talbot 


4 


191 


209 


36,37 


38 


32 


76 


18 


Dorchester 


36 


127 


196 


Ragged Point Flats 


36,37 


38 


33 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


35 


128 


196 


Railway 


2.5 


38 


15 


76 


42 


St. Marys 


89 


177 


147 


Raleys Shore 


24 


38 


09 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


45 


158 


146 


Rattlesnake 


14,15 


38 


06 


75 


18 


Worcester 


14 


54 


246 



9512—13- 



34 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 







Approximate geographic 






Page of 


Page of 








location 






County 

index 

number 

by which 


U. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 
number of 
Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which 
located 


and Geodetic 

county 
publication 
of Survey of 


port of Mary- 


Name of oyster bar 










land Shell 
Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




on Index 
Chart 


Oyster Uars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Red Buoy 


36,37 


38 


39 


76 


18 


Dorchester 


23 


119 


199 


Red Sector 


41 


38 


13 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


83 


150 


198 


Reed Point 


25 


38 


17 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


96 


184 


148 


Reeds 


30 


39 


04 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


16 


123 


227 


Richland 


40 


38 


13 


76 


08 


Dorchester 


74 


148 


199 


Rich Neck 


31 


38 


52 


76 


17 


Talbot 


33 


180 


209 


Ringold Middle- 

ground 
Roaring Point, East 


31 


38 


54 


76 


18 


Queen Annes 


44 


138 


227 


11,12 


38 


16 


75 


56 


Wicomico 


10 


45 


189 


Roaring Point, West 


41 


38 


16 


75 


56 


Dorchester 


117 


159 


195 


Robins Cove 


30 


39 


04 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


15 


123 


227 


Robins Marsh 


14 


38 


09 


75 


15 


Worcester 


8 


52 


246 


Rock Creek 


5 


38 


12 


75 


55 


Somerset 


5 


62 


182 


Rockhall 


28,29 


39 


09 


76 


15 


Kent 


14 


100 


241 


Rock Point (South 


3 


38 


55 


76 


31 


Anne Aiundel 


63 


51 


115 


River) 




















Rock Point (Wi- 


26 


38 


16 


76 


50 


Charles 


13 


51 


132 


comico River) 




















Rock Point, Lower 


2 


39 


01 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


27 


41 


114 


Rock Point, Upper 


2 


39 


03 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


32 


45 


115 


Rocky Beach 


21 


38 


12 


76 


22 


St. Marys 


26 


144 


149 


Rollin 


24 


38 


09 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


75 


171 


147 


Rooks 


31 


38 


57 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


51 


142 


227 


Rosecroft Hollow 


24 


38 


10 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


50 


162 


146 


Ross 


37 


38 


33 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


40 


134 


197 


Rough Point 


3 


38 


57 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


59 


54 


115 


Round Bay 


2 


39 


03 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


33 


44 


115 


Royston 


34 


38 


41 


76 


14 


Talbot 


87 


217 


210 


Ruler Flats 


3 


38 


55 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


50 


49 


115 


Russell 


26 


38 


20 


76 


51 


St. Marys 


119 


188 


149 


St. Catherine 


26 


38 


15 


76 


47 


St. Marys 


108 


194 


148 


St. Clement En- 


25 


38 


14 


76 


44 


St. Marys 


92 


180 


147 


trance 




















St. George 


24 


38 


08 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


67 


167 


147 


St. Inigoes, North 


24 


38 


10 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


48 


160 


146 


St. Inigoea, South 


24 


38 


10 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


47 


160 


147 


St. Jerome 


22 


38 


07 


76 


20 


St. Marys 


30 


147 


149 


St. Margaret 


26 


38 


15 


76 


49 


St. Marys 


112 


192 


148 


Saltwork (Little 


37 


38 


32 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


49 


137 


197 


Choptank River) 




















Saltworks (Severn 

River) 
Sandgates 


2 


39 


01 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


38 


41 


115 


19 


38 


25 


76 


37 


St. Mary a 


5 


134 


145 


Sand Lump 


11 


38 


19 


75 


54 


Wicomico 


3 


43 


189 


Sand Shoal 


41 


38 


14 


76 


00 


Dorchester 


101 


153 


195 


Sand Spit 
Sand Thistle 


2 


39 


00 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


17 


33 


114 


.30 


39 


06 


76 


11 


Kent 


44 


113 


240 


Sands 


33 


38 


41 


76 


18 


Talbot 


46 


197 


210 


Sandy Hill 


35 


38 


36 


76 


07 


Dorchester 


13 


115 


199 


Sandy Hill Lumpa 


35 


38 


36 


76 


06 


Dorchester 


12 


115 


199 


Sandy Point (Pros- 
pect Bay) 
Sandy Point (Man- 


32 


38 


58 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


69 


149 


226 


7 


38 


08 


75 


48 


Somerset 


16 


68 


182 


okin River) 





















NATURAL OYSTEB BAKS. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



35 







Approximate geographic 






Page of 


Page of 








location 






County 

index 

number 

by which 


U. S Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 












and Geodetic 


port of Mary- 




number of 












county 


land Shell 


Name of oyster bar 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which 
located 


pubUcation 
of Survey of 


Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


I.ongi 


ude 




on Index 
Chart 


Oyster Bars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Sandy Point (Chin- 


14 


38 


10 


75 


15 


Worcester 


7 


51 


246 


coteague Bay) 




















Sandy Point Lumps 


20 


38 


19 


76 


27 


Calvert 


22 


80 


126 


Sandy Point, North 


2 


39 


02 


76 


23 


Anne Arundell 


13 


31 


116 


Sandy Point, South 


2 


39 


00 


76 


24 


Anne Arundel 


14 


31 


116 


Saunders 


3 


38 


53 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


68 


55 


117 


Saw Mill Creek 


32 


38 


55 


76 


13 


Queen Annes 


75 


155 


226 


Scarboro Creek 


14 


38 


09 


75 


16 


Worcester 


9 


52 


246 


Scraping Line 


35 


38 


35 


76 


04 


Talbot 


123 


239 


210 


Scotland 


32 


38 


49 


76 


13 


Talbot 


21 


186 


209 


Sea Turtle 


32 


38 


51 


76 


15 


Talbot 


27 


183 


209 


Second Point 


32, 34 


38 


47 


76 


12 


Talbot 


12 


187 


209 


Sedge Marsh 


31 


38 


51 


76 


18 


Talbot 


34 


179 


209 


Sedge Point 


24 


38 


06 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


40 


153 


146 


Seminary 


24 


38 


11 


76 


26 


St. Marvs 


52 


163 


146 


Seths Point 


33 


38 


45 


76 


18 


Talbot " 


56 


203 


208 


Sharkfin Shoal 


41 


38 


13 


76 


00 


Dorchester 


113 


152 


198 


Sharp 


33, 36, 37 


38 


37 


76 


21 


Talbot 


44 


196 


210 


Sharp Point 


2 


39 


00 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


39 


40 


115 


Shaving Pile 


22 


38 


07 


76 


18 


St. Marys 


31 


147 


149 


Shaw Bay Hill 


32 


38 


51 


76 


11 


Talbot 


5 


191 


209 


Shawns Wharf 


32 


38 


53 


76 


09 


Queen Annes 


97 


167 


225 


Sheep (Kent Co.) 


30 


39 


07 


76 


07 


Kent 


58 


119 


239 


Sheep (Queen 


30 


39 


06 


76 


07 


Queen Annes 


5 


128 


227 


Annes Co) 




















Sheep (Chinco- 


16 


38 


04 


75 


19 


Worcester 


18 


55 


246 


teague Bay) 




















Shehan 


24 


38 


09 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


77 


172 


147 


Shell Pile 


20 


38 


19 


76 


27 


Calvert 


20 


78 


126 


Ship Point 


30 


39 


05 


76 


07 


Queen Annes 


12 


126 


228 


Shippen Creek 


30 


39 


07 


76 


06 


Kent 


60 


120 


239 


Shippen Ilole 


32 


38 


51 


76 


12 


Queen' Annes 


82 


159 


225 


Shipping Creek 


31 


38 


54 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


40 


137 


227 


Shipping Point 


26 


38 


16 


76 


50 


Charles 


14 


52 


132 


Shoal Creek 


3.5 


38 


34 


76 


03 


Dorchester 


8 


113 


197 


Short Point 


24 


38 


12 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


55 


166 


146 


Side Shoal 


29,30 


39 


01 


76 


14 


Kent 


27 


107 


239 


Sillery Bay 


1 


39 


05 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


7 


28 


114 


Silver Spring 


26 


38 


14 


76 


47 


St. Marys 


106 


195 


148 


Simmons 


20 


38 


20 


76 


24 


Calvert 


14 


83 


127 


Slaughter Creek 


36, 37, 38 


38 


30 


76 


16 


Dorchester 


56 


125 


196 


Smith Creek 


24 


38 


07 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


36 


150 


145 


Smith Point 


33 


38 


46 


76 


18 


Talbot 


59 


204 


208 


Smoke Point 


40 


38 


18 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


95 


143 


198 


Sothoron 


19 


38 


30 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


2 


133 


145 


South Point 


13,14 


38 


12 


75 


13 


Worcester 


1 


49 


246 


Southeast Middle- 


20 


38 


19 


76 


26 


Calvert 


18 


81 


126 


ground (Patuxent 




















River) 




















Southeast Middle- 


42 


38 


06 


76 


10 


Dorchester 


77 


161 


199 


ground (Chesa- 




















peake Bay) 




















Southwest 


14 


38 


09 


75 


16 


Worcester 


10 


53 


246 


Southwest Middle- 


6,8 


38 


00 


76 


09 


Somerset 


36 


65 


183 


ground 





















36 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OP OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAlTD. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



- 




Approximate geographic 






Page of 


Page of 








location 






County 
inde-x 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


r. S. Coast 


Fourth Re- 




Chart 
number of 












and Geodetic 
county 


port of Mary- 












land SheU 


Name of oyster liar 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which 
located 


publication 
of Survey of 


Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


■Longitude 




Oyster Bars 
on which 


which char- 
acteristics 
















boundaries 


are 


















are defined 


described 


Spaniard Point 


30 


39 


06 


76 


09 


Queen Annes 


7 


127 


.227 


Spar Buoy 


35 


38 


38 


75 


59 


Talbot 


132 


242 


206 


Spedden 


36,37 


38 


38 


76 


19 


Dorchester 


24 


119 


199 


Spencers 


20 


38 


19 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


16 


139 


145 


Spout 


19 


38 


31 


76 


40 


Calvert 


41 


69 


127 


States Bank 


35 


38 


34 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


7 


113 


197 


Stevens 


31 


38 


55 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


47 


139 


227 


Stewart Island 


34 


38 


42 


76 


10 


Talbot 


96 


222 


206 


Stoddard 


26 


38 


22 


76 


51 


Charles 


4 


46 


132 


Stone (Pocomoke 


9 


37 


56 


75 


48 


Somerset 


27 


76 


182 


Sound) 




















Stone (Chesapeake 


33,36 


3S 


39 


76 


22 


Talbot 


42 


195 


210 


Bay) 




















Stone Church 


34.35 


38 


41 


76 


11 


Talbot 


94 


221 


206 


Stone Pile 


39 


38 


20 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


68 


139 


199 


Stone Whnri 


32 


38 


52 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


92 


164 


225 


Stony 


25 


38 


16 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


88 


176 


147 


Stony Hollow 


3 


38 


53 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


78 


60 


116 


Straits 


24 


38 


08 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


72 


170 


147 


Striking Marsh 


15 


38 


04 


75 


16 


Worcester 


24 


57 


246 


Strong Bay 


29 


39 


01 


76 


17 


Queen Annes 


28 


117 


227 


Pugar Loaf 


35 


38 


34 


76 


02 


Talbot 


126 


240 


206 


Susquehanna 


37 


38 


31 


76 


16 


Dorchester 


53 


132 


196 


Swan 


24 


38 


09 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


74 


171 


147 


Swan Creek 


28 


39 


09 


76 


15 


Kent 


15 


100 


241 


Swan Point 


28,29 


39 


08 


76 


18 


Kent 


8 


99 


241 


Swan Reef 


3 


38 


55 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


51 


49 


115 


Swash 


20 


38 


19 


76 


27 


Calvert 


19 


80 


126 


Sycamore 


32 


38 


50 


76 


12 


Talbot 


10 


188 


209 


Tanners Patch 


35 


38 


37 


75 


59 


Dorchester 


4 


112 


197 


Tar Bav 


39 


38 


20 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


69 


141 


196 


Tarkhiil 


24 


38 


09 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


73 


170 


147 


Tavern Creek 


28,29 


39 


09 


76 


16 


Kent 


9 


102 


241 


Tea Table 


27 


39 


13 


76 


19 


Baltimore 


1 


33 


103 


Teague 


26 


38 


32 


76 


40 


Charles 


1 


53 


132 


Tenacres 


21 


38 


11 


76 


21 


St. Marys 


27 


145 


149 


The Black Buoy 


35 


38 


34 


76 


02 


Talbot 


125 


239 


206 


((; h p t a n k 




















River) 




















The Haven 


28,29 


39 


09 


76 


15 


Kent 


13 


101 


241 


Thomas (Calvert 


19 


38 


28 


76 


39 


Calvert 


36 


71 


126 


Co.) 




















Thomas (St. Marys 

Co.) 
Thomas Point North 


19 


38 


27 


76 


38 


St. Marys 


4 


134 


145 


3 


38 


55 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


47 


46 


116 


Thomas Point South 


3 


38 


54 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


48 


47 


116 


Thompson Creek 


24 


38 


09 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


61 


158 


146 


Thompsons 


31 


38 


57 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


52 


143 


227 


Thorough 


41 


38 


19 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


105 


157 


195 


Three Sisters 


3 


38 


51 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


87 


56 


117 


Thunder and Light- 


3 


38 


56 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


55 


52 


115 


nmg 
Tidemill 


32 


38 


49 


76 


14 


Talbot 


22 


185 


209 


Tilghman Wharf 


33 


38 


42 


76 


19 


Talbot 


50 


200 


208 


Tilghmans Point 


31,32 


38 


52 


76 


16 


Talbot 


32 


180 


209 



NATTJBAL OYSTER BARS. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



37 



Name of oyster bar 



Chart 

number of 

Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

shown 



County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 



Page of 
U. S. Coast 
and Geodetic 

county 
pubHcation 
of Survey of 
Oyster Bars 
on which 
boundaries 
are defined 



Tobacco Stick 

Toby 

Todd Point 

Tolchester Lump 

Tolly Point 

Town 

Town Creek 

Town Point (Cor- 
sica River) 

Town Point (Tred 
Avon River) 

Traces Hollow 

Travers 

Trippe 

Tubbinans Drain 

Tucker 

Turkey Neck 

Turkey Point 
(South River) 

Turkey Point 
(Eastern Bay) 

Turnrow 

Turpin 

Turtle Back (Chop- 
tank River) 

Turtle Back (Miles 
River) 

Turtle Egg Island 

Umphasis 

Under the Bar 

Under the Cliffs 

Under the Gums 

Upper Forrest 

Upper Harris Creek 

Upper Hill 

Upper Newfound- 
land 

Upper Stake 

Upper Steps 

Wade 

Wades Point 

Walnut 

Walter White 

Ware (Chesapeake 
Bay) 

Ware (Langford 
Creek) 

Ware Sands 

Waterloo 

Watermelon Point 

Watkins 

Weems Lower 

Weems Upper 

Welch 

Well Cove 



37 
15 
37 
28 
2,3 
37 
20 
30 

34 

2 

36,38 

34 

39,40 

3 

33 

3 

31 

33,34 
14 
35 



5,7 

2 

29 

20 

3 

19 

31, 32, 34 

32 

41 

11 
16 
2 
31 
33 
32 
39,40 

30 

41 

26 

34 

9 

2 

2 

2 

32 



38 32 

38 04 

38 39 

39 13 

38 57 



38 
38 


33 
19 


39 


05 


38 


42 


39 


00 


38 


30 


38 


43 


38 


21 


38 


51 


38 


44 


38 


55 


38 


54 


38 


43 


38 


10 


38 


36 


38 


51 


38 


07 


30 


04 


39 


06 


38 


21 


38 


56 


38 


25 


38 


47 


38 


52 


38 


19 


38 


20 


38 


41 


39 


00 


38 


50 


38 


46 


38 


57 


38 


17 


39 


09 


38 


13 


38 


14 


38 


45 


37 


56 


39 


00 


39 


00 


39 


05 


38 


58 



76 14 

75 18 

76 15 
76 15 
76 27 
76 13 
76 29 
76 08 

76 11 

76 30 

76 22 

76 07 

76 13 

76 32 

76 18 

76 30 

76 18 



Dorchester 

Worcester 

Dorchester 

Kent 

Anne Arundel 

Dorchester 

St. Marys 

Queen Annes 

Talbot 

Anne Arundel 

Dorchester 

Talbot 

Dorchester 

Anne Arundel 

Talbot 

Anne Arundel 

Queen Annes 



76 


18 


Talbot 


75 


15 


Worcester 


76 


06 


Dorchester 


76 


14 


Talbot 


76 


00 


Somerset 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


76 


16 


Kent 


76 


24 


Calvert 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


76 


36 


St. Marvs 


76 


16 


Talbot 


76 


15 


Talbot 


75 


54 


Dorchester 


75 


53 


Wicomico 


76 


31 


Calvert 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


76 


18 


Talbot 


76 


18 


Talbot 


76 


15 


Queen .\nues 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


76 


09 


Kent 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


76 


47 


St. Marvs 


76 


07 


Talbot 


75 


48 


Somerset 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 



10 

9 

20 

12 

46 

6 

62 

31 

121 

1 
2 
40 
35 
58 
67 
73 



100 
105 
111 
28 
42 
41 
5 
71 



133 

57 

130 

97 

34 

135 

140 

125 



40 
123 
226 
142 

59 
201 



134 

199 

51 

114 



59 

29 

104 

84 

45 

135 

181 

181 

160 

42 
65 
39 
179 
204 
150 
140 



1.52 

195 

229 

76 

38 

39 

28 

148 



38 



SUMMARY OP SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 



Name of oyster bar 



Chart 

number of 

Maryland 

Oysler Chart 

n which 

showTi 



Latitude Longitude 



County 
index 
number 
by which 
itidicated 
on Index 
Chart 



Page of 

. S. Coast 

and (leodetic 

county 
pubUcation 
of Survey of 
Oyster Bars 
on which 
boundaries 
are defined 



Page of 
Fourth Re- 
port of Mary- 
land Shell' 
Fish Com- 
mission on 
which char- 
acteristics 

described 



Well Point 
West End 

West St. Marys 

Wefipquin 

Whetstone 

Whitehall 

^^'hitehall Creek 

White Horse 

White Marsh 

White Point 

White Point Hollow 

White Rock 

White Wood 

Wickes Beach 

Wicomico Lumps 

Wicomico Middle- 
Siound 

Wild Cherry Tree 

Wild Ground (East- 
ern Bay) 

Wild Ground (Miles 
River) 

Willeys Island 

Willeys Island 
Flats 

Willis 

Willow Bottom 

Wilson Shoals 

Wilsons Point 

Winders Bank 

Windmill (Wico- 
mico River) 

Windmill (Honga 
River) 

Windmill Flats 

Wingate 

Wreck Buoy 

Wroten Island 

Wye Island 

Wye River Middle- 
ground 

Wye Town 



34 
32 
24 
11 
32 
2 
2 
28.29 
29 
26 
26 
15 
39 
29 
26 
26 

33 
31 

32 

34 
34 

34, 35 
30 
11 
30 
32 
26 

40 

29 
5 
2 
39,40 
32 
32 

32 



38 45 

38 50 

38 11 

38 20 

38 52 

38 58 

39 00 
39 09 
39 06 
38 17 
38 17 
38 03 

38 19 

39 02 
38 21 
38 18 

38 42 

38 54 

38 49 

38 45 

38 45 

38 40 

39 05 

38 18 

39 09 
38 52 
38 19 

38 16 

39 08 
38 14 
38 58 
38 19 
38 53 
38 53 

38 51 



76 16 

76 13 

76 27 

75 53 

76 10 
76 27 
76 26 
76 15 
76 15 
76 49 
76 49 

75 17 

76 14 
76 16 
76 51 
76 50 



76 


18 


76 


19 


76 


13 


7fi 


14 


76 


14 


76 


09 


76 


11 


75 


55 


76 


11 


76 


10 


76 


51 


76 


10 


76 


16 


75 


52 


76 


26 


76 


12 


76 


11 


76 


n 


76 


12 



Talbot 

Talbot 

St. Marys 

Wicomico 

Queen Annes 

Anne Arundel 

Anne Arundel 

Kent 

Kent 

St. Marys 

St. Marys 

Worcester 

Dorchester 

Kent 

Charles 

Charles 

Talbot 
Queen Annes 

Talbot 

Talbot 
Talbot 

Talbot 

Kent 

Wicomico 

Kent 

Talbot 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Kent 
Somerset 
Anne Arundel 
Dorchester 
Queen Annes 
Queen Annes 

Talbot 



72 

24 

58 

2 

94 

19 

18 

12 

21 

116 

115 

26 

70 

25 

5 

10 

49 
38 



114 
41 



210 

184 

163 

42 

165 

33 

32 

100 

104 

190 

190 

58 

141 

106 

47 

49 

199 
135 



216 
212 

230 
112 
45 
116 

192 



145 

102 
63 
34 
143 
162 
163 



208 
209 
146 
189 
225 
114 
114 
241 
240 
148 
149 
246 
196 
239 
132 
132 

208 
226 

209 

207 
207 

206 
239 
189 
240 
209 
132 

198 

240 
183 
116 
198 
225 
225 



NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 

NUMEEICAL INDEX. 

Note.— See Alphabetical Index for other references relating to natural oyster bars. 
ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


bars on 




bars on 




bars on 




Index 




Index 




Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




1 


Bodkin Point North 


33 


Round Bay 


63 


Rock Point (South 


2 


Bodkin Point South 


34 


Big Island 




River) 


3 


Lumps East of Craig- 
hill Channel 


35 


Poppin Point 


64 


Inner Round Point 




36 


Brewer (Severn River) 


65 


Outer Round Point 


4 


Mountain Point 


37 


Clem Point 


66 


Turkey Point (South 


5 


Welch 


38 


Saltworks (SevernRiv- 




River) 


6 


Peach Hill 




er) 


67 


Marshy Point 


7 


Sillery Bay 


39 


Sharp Point 


68 


Saunders 


8 


Park 


40 


Wade 


69 


Lulu 


9 


Umphasis 


41 


Weems Upper 


70 


Dutchman 


10 


Black 


42 


Weems Lower 


71 


Dutchman Hollow 


11 


Persimmon 


43 


Horn Point (Severn 


72 


Cherry (Rhode River) 


12 


Outer Magothy 




River) 


73 


Buce 


13 


Sandy Point North 


44 


Chinks Point 


74 


Flat Island 


14 


Sandy Point South 


45 


Tolly Point 


75 


High Island 


15 


Hackett Point 


46 


Under The Gums 


76 


Bolston Bank 


16 


Wreck Buoy 


47 


Thomas Point North 


77 


Jackass 


17 


Sand Spit 


48 


Thomas Point South 


78 


Stony Hollow 


18 


^Vhitehall Creek 


49 


Old Woman 


79 


Brice Fence 


19 


Whitehall 


50 


Ruler Flats 


80 


Cheston Point 


20 


Inside Greenbury 


51 


Swan Reef 


81 


Potato Hill 




Point 


52 


Hill Point East 


82 


Barren Neck 


21 


Old Fort 


53 


Hill Point (Severn 


83 


Tucker 


22 


Little Sandy 




River) 


84 


Cedar Point (West 


23 


Creces Cove 


54 


Fox Point 




River) 


24 


Ferry Point 


55 


Thunder and Light- 


85 


Collins Flats 


25 


Peach Orchard 




ning. 


86 


Curtis 


26 


Traces Hollow 


56 


Aberdeen 


87 


Three Sisters 


27 


Rock Point Lower 


57 


Duvall 


88 


Bay Shore 


28 


Chase 


58 


Beard Point 


89 


Long (Chesapeake 


29 


Point (Severn River) 


59 


Rough Point 




Bay) 


30 


Aisqiiith Creek 


60 


Almshouse 


90 


Fairhaven 


31 


Arnold Point 


61 


Brewer (South River) 


91 


Holland Point (Chesa- 


32 


Rock Point Upper 


62 


Purdy Flats 




peake Bay) 



BALTIMORE COUNTY. 



1 Tea Table 



2 Millers Island 



3 Man-O'-War Shoals 



40 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OP MARYLAND. 



Numerical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 

CALVERT COUNTY. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


bars on 




bars on 




bars on 




Index 




Index 


j 


Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




1 


Hog Point 


16 


Old Lump 


29 


Island Creek (Patuxent 


2 


Upper Steps 


17 


Light House Lump 




River) 


3 Lower Steps !| 


18 


Southeast Middle- 


30 


Broome Island 


4 


Plum Point 




ground (Patuxent 


31 


Parkers \Miarf 


5 


Daddie Dare 




River) 


32 


Jacks Bay 


6 


Governors Run 


19 


Swash 


33 


Jacks Marsh 


7 


Emanuel 


20 


Shell Pile 


34 


Prison Point 


8 


Flag Pond 


21 


Cherry Tree (Patuxent 


35 


Kitts Marsh 


9 


Cove Point Bight 




River) 


36 


Thomas (Calvert 


10 


Little Cove Point 


22 


Sandy Point Lumps 




County) 


11 


Parker Moore 


23 


Back of Island 


37 


Broad Neck (Calvert 


12 


Under The CUffs 


24 


Barn Gates 




County) 


13 


Chinese Muds (Cal- 


25 


Hungerford Hollow 


38 


Macks Hollow 




vert County) 


26 


Hellen 


39 


Buzzard Island 


14 


Simmons 


27 


Mears (Calvert County) 


40 


Holland Point (Patux- 


15 


Carroll Muds (Calvert 


28 


Peterson (Calvert 




ent River) 




County) 




County) 


41 


Spout 


CHARLES COUNTY. 


1 


Teague 


7 


Joes Lumps 


11 


Charleston Creek 


2 


Elbow 


8 


Windmill (Wicomico 


12 


Lancaster 


3 


Carpentera Yard 




River) 


13 


Rock Point (Wicomico 


4 


Stoddard 


9 


Fenwirk 




River) 


5 


Wicomico Lumps 


10 


Wicomico Middle- 


14 


Shipping Point 


6 


Mills West 




ground 


15 


Cobb Pomt 


DORCHESTER COUNTY. 


1 


Drum Point (Choptank 


20 


Logans Hill 


39 


Hudson (Little Chop- 




River) 


21 


Todd Point 




tank River) 


2 


Cabin Creek Entrance 


22 


Cook Point 


40 


Ross 


3 


Cabin Creek (Chop- 


23 


Red Buoy 


41 


Butterpot 
McKeils Point 




tank River) 


24 


Spedden 


42 


4 


Tanners Patch 


25 


Diamond (Chesapeake 


43 


Town 


5 


Dixon 




Bay) 


44 


Cherry Island 


6 


Oyster Shell Point 


26 


Dupont 


45 


Brumell 


7 


States Bank 


27 


Brannock 


46 


Jones (Little Choptank 


8 


Shoal Creek 


28 


Mill Point (Chesapeake 




River) 


9 


Green Marsh 




Bay) 


47 


Pattison 


10 


Hambrooks 


29 


Hills Point (Chesa- 


48 


Bam Point 


11 


Turtle Back (Chop- 




peake Bay) 


49 


Saltwork (Little Chop- 




tank River) 


30 


Hills Point North 




tank River) 


12 


Sandy Hill Lumps 


31 


Hills Point South 


50 


Fish'ng Creek 


13 


Sandy Hill 


32 


Peanut Hill 


51 


Gra,pevine 


14 


Commander 


33 


Cow Island 


52 


Tobacco Stick 


15 


Horn Point (Choptank 


34 


Bald Eagle (Little 


1 53 


Susquehanna 




River) 




Chi:iptank River) 


54 


Along Shore 


16 


Le Compte 


35 


Ragged Point Flats 


55 


Hooper 


17 


Castle Haven Creek 


36 


Ragged Point 
Little Pollard 


56 


Slaughter Creek 


18 


Castle Haven 


37 


57 


Bridge 


19 


Comers Wharf 


38 


Cason 


58 


Nine Acres 



NATUEAL OYSTEK BARS. 



41 



Numerical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 

DORCHESTER COUNTY— Continued. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyst«r bar 


bars on 




bars on 




bars on 




Index 




Index 




Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




59 


Little Choptank 


78 


Boundary 


100 


Ware Sands 


60 


Henpeck 


79 


Holland Straits 


101 


Sand Shoal 


61 


Gators 


80 


Mud (Dorchester 


102 


Evans (Fishing Bay) 


62 


Granger 




County) 


103 


Goose Creek 


63 


Oyster Creek (Little 


81 


Jane 


104 


Old House 




Choptank River) 


82 


Bell Buoy 


105 


Thorough 


64 


Marshall 


83 


Red Sector 


106 


Flat Rock 


65 


James Point 


84 


Bloodsworth 


107 


Half Way Mark 


66 


Travers 


85 


Hopkins Cove 


108 


Hill 


67 


Punch Island Creek 


86 


Applegarth 


109 


Point (Fishing Bay) 


68 


Stone Pile 


87 


Norman 


110 


Bungay 


69 


Tar Bay 


88 


Lower Thoroughfare 


111 


Duck Island 


70 


White Wood 


89 


Crab Point 


112 


Clay Island 


71 


New Discovery 


90 


Paul 


113 


Sharkfin Shoal 


72 


Horse Point Channel 


91 


Windmill (Honga 


114 


Frog Point 


73 


Ware (Chesapeake 




River) 


115 


New 




Bay) 


92 


Hickory 


116 


Hills and Holes 


74 


Richland 


93 


Lakes Cove 


117 


Roaring Point West 


75 


Hooper Strait 


94 


Dark Point 


118 


Bean Shoal 


76 


Northwest Middle- 


95 


Smoke Point 


119 


Outer Hole 




ground 


96 


Wroten Island 


120 


Lower Newfoundland 


77 


Southeast Middle- 


97 


Gum 


121 


Upper Newfoundland 




ground (Chesapeake 


98 


Peanut 








Bay) 


99 


Tubbmans Drain 







KENT COUNTY. 



1 


Phoenix Shoal 


25 


Wickes Beach 


45 


Boat House 


2 


Deep Shoal 


26 


Dredge Rock 


46 


Drum Point (Langford 


3 


Coal Lump 


27 


Side Shoal 




Creek) 


4 


Tolchester Lump 


28 


Mud (Chester River) 


47 


Davis Creek 


5 


Mitchells Bluff Buoy 


29 


Ferry (Kent County) 


48 


Island Point 


6 


Gales Lumps 


30 


Buoy Rock 


49 


Eagle Point (Langford 


7 


Hodges 


31 


Hail Creek 




Creek) 


8 


Swan Point 


32 


Hail Point 


50 


Wilsons Point 


9 


Tavern Creek 


33 


Black Buoy (Chester 


51 


Kings Creek 


10 


Little Neck (Swan 




River) 


52 


Bailey 




Creek) 


34 


Durdin 


53 


Philips 


11 


Deep Landing Hole 


35 


Belts 


54 


Ware (Langford Creek) 


12 


White Horse 


36 


Piney Point (Kent 


55 


Ebb Point 


13 


The Haven 




County) 


56 


Cliff 


14 


Rockhall 


37 


Bay Bush Point 


57 


Commegys Bight 


15 


Swan Creek 


38 


Bluff Point (Chester 


58 


Sheep (Kent County) 


16 


Windmill Flats 




River) 


59 


Deep Point 


17 


Muddy Drain 


39 


Chester River Middle- 


00 


Shippen Creek 


18 


Himtingfield 




ground 


61 


Haddaway 


19 


Gum Spring 


40 


Limekiln 


02 


Hollyday (Kent 


20 


Under The Bar 


41 


Willow Bottom 




County) 


21 


White Marsh 


42 


Nichols 


63 


Melton Point 


22 


Hickory Thicket 


43 


Hudson (Chester 


64 


Northwest (Kent 


23 


East Neck Bay 




River) 




County 


24 


Entrance Lumps 


44 


Sand Thistle 







42 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 



Numerical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 

QUEEN ANNES COUNTY. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


bars on 




bars on 




bars on 




Index 




Index 




Index 




Chart 




Cliart 




Cliart 




1 


Northwest { Queen 


33 


Kent Point 


67 


Walter White 




Annes County) 


34 


Long Point (Eastern 


68 


Hog Island (Prospect 


2 


Booker Wharf 




Bay) 




Bay) 


3 


H 1 1 y d a y (Queen 


35 


Bodkin Shoals 


69 


Sandy Point (Prospect 




Annes County) 


36 


Brick House Hill 




Bay) 


4 


Mummys Cove 


37 


Bunker Hill 


70 


Buckhorn 


5 


Sheep (Queen Annes 


38 


Wild Ground (Eastern 


71 


Well Cove 




County) 




Bay) 


72 


Prospect 


6 


Emory Hollow 


39 


Pine Tree 


73 


Hood 


7 


Spaniard Point 


40 


Shipping Creek 


74 


Cabin Creek (Prospect 


8 


Hoi ton Point 


41 


Greeves Cove 




Bay) 


9 


Town Point (Corsica 


42 


Mattapex 


75 


Saw Mill Creek 




River) 


43 


Batts Neck 


76 


Mill Hill 


10 


Earle Cove 


44 


Ringold Middleground 


77 


Bugby 


11 


Emory Wharf 


45 


Erickson Sands 


78 


Greenwood Creek 


12 


Ship Point 


46 


Pea Hill 


79 


Prospect Point 


13 


Possum Point 


47 


Stevens 


80 


Coffee 


14 


Old Field 


48 


Jones Hole 


81 


Persimmon Tree 


15 


Robins Cove 


49 


Pond Marsh 


82 


Shippen Hole 


16 


Reeds 


50 


Island Cove 


83 


Mills 


17 


Hells Delight 


51 


Rooks 


84 


Hobbs 


18 


Piney Point (Queen 


52 


Thompsons 


85 


Baxters Hollow 




Annes County) 


53 


Middle Block 


86 


Paca 


19 


Horse Race 


54 


Turkey Point (Eastern 


87 


Bryan (Wye River) 


20 


Carpenter Island 




Bay) 


88 


Wye Island 


21 


Poplar 


55 


Bodkin Island 


89 


Drum Point (Wye 


22 


Blunt 


56 


Cox Neck 




River) 


23 


Long Point (Chester 


57 


Cedar Island 


90 


Wye River Middle- 




River) 


58 


Johnson Island 




ground. 


24 


Flood Point 


59 


Crab Alley Lumps 


91 


Hess 


25 


Kent Island Narrows 


60 


Normans Fine Eyes 


92 


Stone Whart 


26 


Ferry (Queen Annes 


61 


Parsons Island 


93 


Race Horse (Queen 




County) 


62 


Bald Eagle (Eastern 




Annes County) 


27 


Carvel 




Bay) 


94 


Whetstone 


28 


Strong Bay 


63 


Parsons Island Narrows 


95 


Melvin 


29 


Love Point 


64 


Normans Marsh 


96 


Dividing 


30 


Broad Creek 


65 


Bibby 


97 


Shawns Wharf 


31 


Brick House 


66 


Dominion 


98 


Granary Point 


32 


Gum Tliicket 











ST. MARYS COUNTY. 



1 


Brooks Shallows 


10 


Peterson (St. Marys 


19 


La Grande 


2 


Sothoron 




County) 


20 


Millstone 


3 


Broad Neck (St. Marys 


11 


Neale 


21 


Deep Point Mud 




County) 


12 


Mears (St. Marys Coun- 


22 


Carroll Muds (St. Marys 


4 


Thomas (St. Marys 




ty) 




County) 




County) 


13 


Half Pone 


23 


Hog Island (Patuxent 


5 


Sandgates 


14 


Hawks Nest 




River) 


6 


Upper Forrest 


15 


Bob Wise 


24 


Chinese Muds (St. 


7 


Lower Forrest 


16 


Spencers 




Marys County) 


8 


Gatton 


17 


Town Creek 


25 


Cedar Point Holl«w 


9 


Captain Point 


18 


Goodwin 


26 


Rocky Beach 



NATUKAL OYSTEK BAES. 



43 



Numerical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 

ST. MARYS COUNTY— Continued. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index" 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name or oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


bars on 




bars on 




bars on 




Index 




Index 




Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




27 


Tenacres 


61 


Thompson Creek 


92 


St. Clement Entrance 


28 


McKay 


62 


Carthagena Creek 


93 


Newtown Flats 


29 


Fish Hawk 


63 


Coad 


94 


Chapel Point 


30 


St. Jerome 


64 


Edmund 


95 


Abell 


.31 


Shaving Pile 


65 


Middleground Lump 


96 


Reed Point 


32 


Butler 


66 


Cherry (St. Marys 


97 


Guest Marshes 


33 


Point Look-in 




River) 


98 


Harry Jacks 


34 


Point Lookout 


67 


St. George 


99 


Mileys Creek 


35 


Old Hare 


68 


Hurdle 


100 


Bluff Woods 


36 


Smith Creek 


69 


Goose Point (St. 


101 


Canoe Creek 


37 


Dunbar 




George River) 


102 


Old Wreck 


38 


Jutland 


70 


Island Shore 


103 


Horse 


39 


Graves 


71 


Milbourne Shore 


104 


Dukehart Channel 


40 


Sedge Point 


72 


Straits 


105 


Waterloo 


41 


Chicken Cock 


73 


Tarkill 


106 


Silver Spring 


42 


Fort 


74 


Swan 


107 


Hackley Creek 


43 


Langley Hollow 


75 


RoUin 


108 


St. Catherine 


44 


Priest 


76 


Cedar Point (St. George 


109 


Bullock Island 


45 


Raleys Shore 




River) 


110 


Bullock 


46 


Jones (St. Marys River) 


77 


Shehan 


111 


Mouth of River 


47 


St. Inigoes South 


78 


Long (St. George 


112 


St. Margaret 


48 


St. Inigoes North 




River) 


113 


Bluff Point (Wicomico 


49 


Kennedy 


79 


Chadwick 




River) 


50 


Rosecroft Hollow 


80 


Heron Island Reef 


114 


Blakistone 


51 


Gravelly Run 


81 


Heron Island Sound 


115 


White Point Hollow 


52 


Seminary 


82 


Black Walnut (Bre- 


116 


White Point 


53 


Horseshoe (St. Marys 




tons Bay) 


117 


Bramleigh Creek 




River) 


83 


Gough 


118 


Manahowic Creek 


54 


Bryan (St. Marys 


84 


Lovers Point 


119 


Russell 




River) 


85 


Mouldy Creek 


120 


Mills East 


55 


Short Point 


86 


Island 


121 


Chaptico Lumps 


56 


Biscoe 


87 


Paw Paw Hollow 


122 


Cohouck 


57 


Pagan 


88 


Stony 


123 


Key 


58 


West St. Marys 


89 


Railway 


124 


Mouth of Creek 


59 


Cooper Creek 


90 


Bretons Bay 






60 


Coppage 


91 


Blue Sow 







SOMERSET COUNTY. 



1 


Mount Vernon Wharf 


14 


Piney Island Swash 


27 


Stone (Pocomoke 


2 


Wingate 


15 


Georges 




Sound) 


3 


Buoy 


16 


Sandy Point (Manokin 


28 


Watkins 


4 


Evans (Wicomico 




River) 


29 


Long Point (Pocomoke 




River) 


17 


Cormal 




Sound) 


5 


Rock Creek 


18 


Marshy Island 


30 


Gunby 


6 


Halls Point 


19 


Drum Point (Manokin 


31 


Marumsco 


7 


Haines 




River) 


32 


Kitts Creek West 


8 


Old Orchard (Tangier 


20 


Prickly Point 


33 


Kitts Creek East 




Sound) 


21 


Piney Island East 


34 


Oyster Creek (Kedge 


9 


Mud (Somerset Co.) 


22 


Harris 




Straits) 


10 


Turtle Egg Island 


23 


Big Annemessex 


35 


Kedge Straits 
Southwest Middle- 


11 


Chain Shoal 


24 


Philibys 


36 


12 


Mussel Hole 


25 


Great Rock 




ground 


13 


Piney Island West 


26 


Fox Island 


37 


Church Creek 



44 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OP MARYLAND. 
Numerical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Contimied. 

TALBOT COUNTY. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


indicating 
oyster 


Name of oyster bar 


bars on 




bars on 




bars on 




Index 




Index 




Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




1 


Juniper 


43 


Clay Bank 


86 


Fox 


2 


Poplar Point. 


44 


Sharp 


87 


Royston 


3 


Winders Bank 


45 


Black Walnut (Big 


88 


Irish Creek 


4 


Race Horse (Talbot 




Choptank River) 


89 


Choptank Lumps 




County) 


46 


Sands 


90 


Benoni 


5 


Shaw Bay Hill 


47 


Pleasant Hill 


91 


Light House 


6 


Bruffs Island 


48 


Church Hill 


92 


Bachelor Point 


7 


Wye Town 


49 


Wild Cherry Tree 


93 


Fox Hole 


8 


Herring Island 


50 


Tilghman Wharf 


94 


Stone Church 


9 


East End 


51 


Change 


95 


Town Point (Tred 


10 


Sycamore 


52 


Eagle Point (Harris 




Avon River) 
Stewart Island 


11 


Wild Ground (Miles 




Creek) 


96 




River) 
Second Point 


53 


Turkey Neck 


97 


Goose Neck 


12 


54 


Mill " Point (Harris 


98 


Pecks Point 


13 


Gibsons Flats 




Creek) 


99 


Mares Point 


14 


Long Point (Miles 


55 


Hunts 


100 


Louis Cove 




River) 


56 


Seths Point 


101 


Bamings Cove 


15 


Cox 


57 


Lodges 


102 


Old House Point 


16 


Barnett 


58 


Walnut 


103 


Trippe 


17 


Bazzles Hill 


59 


Smith Point 


104 


Bakers Cove 


18 


Old Orchard (Miles 


60 


Little Neck (Harris 


105 


Marshy 




River) 




Creek) 


106 


Flatty 


19 


Ash Craft 


61 


Rabbit Island 


107 


Orem 


20 


Deep Water Point 


62 


Upper Harris Creek 


108 


Double Mills 


21 


Scotland 


63 


Turnrow 


109 


Johnston 


22 


Tidemill 


64 


Great Marsh 


110 


Camden Point 


23 


Hamblefon 


65 


France 


111 


Watermelon Point 


24 


West End 


66 


Dawson 


112 


Back Shore 


25 


Hambleton Hill 


67 


Long Poiiit Woods 


113 


Hopkins 


26 


Bozman Neck 


68 


Great Bar 


114 


Willis 


27 


Sea Turtle 


69 


Brown 


115 


Island Creek (Chop- 


28 


Turtle Back (Miles 


70 


Deep Neck 




tank River) 




River) 


71 


Mulberry Point 


116 


Matthews 


29 


Horseshoe (Miles 


72 


Well Point 


117 


Chlora Point 




River) 


73 


Pompes 


118 


Beacons 


30 


Aldridges Discovery 


74 


Coopers Point 


119 


La Trappe 


31 


Upper Hill 


75 


Judys Point 


120 


Howells Point 


32 


Tilghmans Point. 


76 


Brushy Point 


121 


Dickinson 


33 


Rich Neck 


77 


Willeys Island Flats 


122 


Kirby 


34 


Sedge Marsh (Tred 


78 


Holland Point (Broad 


123 


Scraping Line 




Avon River) 




Creek) 


124 


Bolingbroke Sand 


35 


Wades Point 


79 


Harrison 


125 


The Black Buoy 


36 


Marys Delight 


80 


Broad Creek Middle- 




(Choptank River) 


37 


Lows Point 




ground 


126 


Sugar Loaf 


38 


Poplar Island 


81 


Cedar Point (Broad 


127 


Chancellor Point 


39 


Poplar Island Nar- 




Creek) 


128 


British Harbour 




rows 


82 


Drum Point (Broad 


129 


Goose Point (Choptank 


40 


Bay Hundred 




Creek) 




River) 


41 


Pone 


83 


Joe Harris Flats 


130 


Mill Dam 


42 


Stone (Chesapeake 


84 


Pin Cushion 


131 


Jamaica Point 




Bay) 


85 


Willeys Island 


132 


Spar Buoy 



NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 



45 



Numerical Index to Natural Oyster Bars — Continued. 
WICOMICO COUNTY. 



County 

index 

number 

indicating 


Name of oyster bar 


County 

index 

number 

indicating 


Name of oyster bar 


County 

index 

number 

indicating 


Name of oyster bar 


bare on 
Index 
Chart 




bars on 
Inde.^ 
Chart 




bars on 
Index 
Chart 




1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 


Upper Stake 
Wetipquin 
Sand Lump 
Hickory Nut 
Old Womans Patch 
Cedar Shoal 


7 
8 

9 
10 
11 


Long Shoal 

Cherry Tree (Nanti- 

coke River) 
Wilson Shoals 
Roaring Point East 
Middleground 


12 
13 
14 
15 


Big Hill 

Great Shoals 
Ingram Shoal 
Holland 



WORCESTER COUNTY. 



1 


South Point 


11 


Purnell Hammock 


20 


Kennel 


2 


Handys Hammock 


12 


Diamond (Chinco- 


21 


Big Bay Point 


3 


Newport 




teague Bay) 


22 


Toby 


4 


Lambertaon Landing 


13 


Beef Creek 


23 


Deep Water 


5 


Ennis 


14 


Rattlesnake 


24 


Striking Marsh 


6 


Turpin 


15 


Martin Point 


25 


Levin Tump 


7 


Sandy Point (Chinco- 


16 


Easter Cove 


26 


White Rock 




teague Bay) 


17 


Mink Tump 


27 


Horsehead North 


8 


Robins Marsh 


18 


Sheep (Chincoteague 


28 


Horsehead South 


9 


Scarboro Creek 




Bay) 






10 


Southwest 


19 


Drum 







CRAB BOTTOMS. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 

Note.— See Numerical Index tor names of crab bottoms corresponding to numbers on Index Chart. 







Approximate geographic 






Page of 










location 








U. S. Coast 


Page of 




Chart 

number of 

Maryland 

Oyster Chart 












County 
index 


and Geodetic 
Survey 


Fourlh Re- 












port of Mary- 


Name of crab bottom 










County in which 
located 


number 
by which 
indicated 


county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 


land Shell 
Fish Com- 
mission on 




on which 
shown 


I^atitude 


Longitude 




on Index 


Oyster Bars 


which char- 














Chart 


on which 


acteristics are 


















boundaries 


described 


















are defined 








o 


/ 





, 










Adam Island 


42 


38 


09 


76 


05 


Dorchester 


3 


170 


193 


Apes Hole 


9 


37 


57 


75 


48 


Somerset 


38 


110 


151 


Back Creek 


9 


37 


59 


75 


52 


Somerset 


29 


104 


151 


Big Island 


9 


37 


58 


75 


59 


Somerset 


39 


101 


151 


Bishop Head 


41 


38 


13 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


14 


167 


193 


Bloodsworth Island 


41,42 


38 


11 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


7 


168 


193 


Broad Creek 


9 


37 


55 


75 


51 


Somerset 


36 


108 


151 


Cancer 


9 


37 


59 


75 


52 


Somerset 


28 


104 


151 


Cedar Straits 


9 


37 


55 


75 


54 


Somerset 


35 


108 


151 


Colburn 


7 


38 


04 


75 


47 


Somerset 


21 


98 


151 


Crane Cove 


7 


38 


04 


75 


49 


Somerset 


17 


96 


151 


Daugherty Creek 


7 


38 


02 


75 


51 


Somerset 


24 


99 


151 


Deal Island 


5,7 


38 


08 


75 


58 


Somerset 


2 


83 


152 


Deep Banks 


5,6,7 


38 


08 


76 


02 


Somerset 


46 


81 


152 


Drum 


9 


38 


00 


75 


58 


Somerset 


40 


102 


151 


Duck Point Cove 


40 


38 


16 


76 


06 


Dorchester 


12 


166 


193 


Fishing Creek 


9 


37 


56 


75 


54 


Somerset 


34 


107 


151 


Fishing Point 


6,7 


38 


02 


76 


00 


Somerset 


42 


88 


152 


Fords Wharf 


7 


38 


04 


75 


50 


Somerset 


16 


95 


151 


Fox Creek 


40 


38 


18 


76 


07 


Dorchester 


10 


165 


193 


Geanquakin 


5,7 


38 


09 


75 


51 


Somerset 


10 


85 


152 


Goose Creek 


7 


38 


06 


75 


52 


Somerset 


12 


93 


151 


Grassy 


40,41 


38 


12 


76 


03 


Dorchester 


8 


167 


193 


Great Cove 


41,42 


38 


10 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


6 


169 


193 


Great Point 


9 


37 


57 


75 


54 


Somerset 


33 


107 


151 


Hazard 


7 


38 


04 


75 


53 


Somerset 


14 


94 


151 


Holland Island 


42 


38 


07 


76 


05 


Dorchester 


2 


171 


193 


Holland Straits 


5,6,7 


38 


09 


76 


01 


Somerset 


45 


82 


152 


Jackson Island 


7 


38 


03 


75 


50 


Somerset 


22 


98 


151 


Jenkins Creek 


9 


37 


57 


75 


52 


Somerset 


31 


105 


151 


Jenny Island 


40,41 


38 


14 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


13 


166 


193 


Jones Creek • 


7 


38 


02 


75 


50 


Somerset 


23 


99 


151 


Kings Island 


9 


37 


57 


75 


53 


Somerset 


32 


106 


151 


Lavellette 


9 


37 


58 


75 


52 


Somerset 


30 


105 


151 


Laws Thoroughfare 


5 


38 


10 


75 


57 


Somerset 


1 


83 


152 


North 




















Laws Thoroughfare 

South 
Light House 


5,7 


38 


08 


75 


55 


Somerset 


7 


84 


152 


9 


37 


58 


75 


53 


Somerset 


27 


103 


151 


Little Deal Island 


7 


38 


07 


75 


56 


Somerset 


4 


91 


151 


Lower Thoroughfare 


7 


38 


07 


75 


56 


Somerset 


6 


91 


151 


Marsh Island 


5,7 


38 


08 


75 


53 


Somerset 


8 


84 


152 


Miles 


7 


38 


04 


75 


47 


Somerset 


20 


97 


151 



46 



CEAB BOTTOMS. 
Alphabetical Index to Cbab Bottoms — Continued. 



47 







Approximate geographic 






Page of 










location. 








U. S. Coast 


Page of 




Chart 

number of 

Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

shown 










County in which 
located 


County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


and Geodetic 

Survey 
county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 
Oyster 'Bars 
on which 


Fourth Re- 


Name o( crab bottom 


Latitude 


Longitude 


port of Mary- 
land Shell 
Fish Com- 
mission on 
which char- 
acteristics are 
















boundaries 


described 


















are defined 








o 




o 


/ 










Mine Creek 


7 


38 


05 


75 


53 


Somerset 


13 


94 


151 


Moon Bay 


7 


38 


04 


75 


48 


Somerset 


18 


96 


151 


Northeast Island 


42 


38 


09 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


4 


169 


193 


North Kedge Straits 


6 


38 


05 


76 


03 


Somerset 


49 


87 


152 


Okahanikan 


40, 41, 42 


38 


12 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


9 


167 


193 


Old House 


9 


37 


58 


75 


53 


Somerset 


26 


102 


151 


Piney Island 
Pry Cove 


7 


38 


06 


75 


55 


Somerset 


5 


92 


151 


6 


38 


06 


76 


03 


Somerset 


48 


86 


152 


Pry Island 


42 


38 


07 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


1 


172 


193 


Pungers Creek 


5,6,7 


38 


07 


76 


01 


Somerset 


44 


82 


152 


Red Cap Creek 


7 


38 


05 


75 


47 


Somerset 


19 


97 


151 


Shanks Creek 


8 


37 


58 


76 


02 


Somerset 


53 


100 


151 


Shark Point 


7 


38 


04 


75 


52 


Somerset 


15 


95 


151 


Sheepshead 
Smith Island Thor- 


e, 7 


38 


04 


76 


02 


Somerset 


50 


87 


152 


6,8,9 


38 


00 


76 


03 


Somerset 


52 


89 


151 


oughfare 




















South Kedge Straits 


6 


38 


02 


76 


02 


Somerset 


51 


88 


152 


South Marsh 


7 


38 


05 


76 


00 


Somerset 


43 


90 


151 


Spring Island 


42 


38 


08 


76 


03 


Dorchester 


5 


170 


193 


(Dorchester Co.) 




















Spring Island 


6 


38 


07 


76 


03 


Somerset 


47 


86 


152 


(Somerset Co.) 




















St. Pierre 


5,7 


38 


08 


75 


52 


Somerset 


9 


85 


152 


Teague Creek 


7 


38 


07 


75 


50 


Somerset 


11 


93 


151 


Tenth Point 


7 


38 


02 


75 


51 


Somerset 


25 


100 


151 


Terrapin Sand 


7,9 


38 


01 


75 


58 


Somerset 


41 


89 


151 


Tylers Creek 


8,9 


37 


58 


76 


01 


Somerset 


54 


101 


151 


Ware Point 


9 


37 


56 


75 


49 


Somerset 


37 


109 


151 


Wenona 


7 


38 


07 


75 


57 


Somerset 


3 


90 


151 


Wingate 


40 


38 


17 


76 


06 


Dorchester 


11 


165 


193 



CRAB BOTTOMS. 

NUMERICAL INDEX. 

Note. — See Alphabetical Index (or other references relating to crab bottoms. 
DORCHESTER COUNTY. 



County 




County 




County 








index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 


Name of crab bottom 


indicating 


Name of crab bottom 


indicating 


Name of crab bottom 






bottoms 




bottoms 








on Index 




on Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




1 


Pry Island 


6 


Great Cove 


12 


Duck Point Cove 


2 


Holland Island 


7 


Bloodsworth Island 


13 


Jenny Island 


3 


Adam Island 


8 


Grassy 


14 


Bishop Head 


4 


Northeast Island 


9 


Okahanikan 






5 


Spring Island (Dor- 


10 


Fox Creek 








chester County) 


11 


Wingate 







SOMERSET COUNTY. 



1 


Laws Thoroughfare 


19 


Red Cap Creek 


39 


Big Island 




North 


20 


Miles 


40 


Drum 


2 


Deal Island 


21 


Colburn 


41 


Terrapin Sand 


3 


Wenona 


22 


Jackson Island \ 


42 


Fishing Point 


4 


Little Deal Island 


23 


Jones Creek 


43 


South Marsh 


5 


Piney Island 


24 


Daugherty Creek 1 


44 


Pungera Creek 


6 


Lower Thoroughfare 


25 


Tenth Point 


45 


Holland Straits 


7 


Laws Thoroughfare 


26 


Old House 


46 


Deep Banks 




South 


27 


Light House 


47 


Spring Island (Somer- 


8 


Marsh Island 


28 


Cancer 




set County) 


9 St. Pierre 


29 


Back Creek 


48 


Pry Cove 


10 


Geanquakin 


30 


Lavellette 


49 


North Kedge Straits 


11 


Teague Creek 


31 


Jenkins Creek 


50 


Sheepshead 


12 


Goose Creek 


32 


Kings Island 


51 


South Kedge Straits 


13 


Mine Creek 


33 


Great Point 


52 


Smith Island Thor- 


14 


Hazard 


34 


Fishing Creek 




oughfare 


15 


Shark Point 


35 


Cedar Straits 


53 


Shanks Creek 


16 


Fords Wharf 


36 


Broad Creek 


54 


Tvlers Creek 


17 


Crane Cove 


37 


Ware Point 






18 


Moon Bay 


38 


Apes Hole 







48 



CLAM BEDS. 

ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 

Note. — See Numerical Index for names of clam beds corresponding to number on Index Chart. 





Chart 
number of 
Maryland 

Oyster 

Chart 
on which 

shown 


Approximate geographic 
location 


C'otmtv in which 
located 


County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


Pageof U. S. 
Coast and 
Geodet ic 
.Survey 
county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 
Oyster 
Bars on 
which 
boundaries 
are defined 


Page of 
Fourth Re- 


Name of clam bed 


Latitude 


Longitude 


port of 
Maryland 
Shell Fish 
Commission 
on which 
character- 
istics are 
described 


Flat Rock 
Gravel Ruck 
Ware Rock 


9,10 
9 
9 


37 56 
37 55 
37 35 


75 47 
75 48 
75 48 


Somerset 
Somerset 
Somerset 


3 
2 
1 


112 
111 
111 


152 
152 
152 



NUMERICAL INDEX. 

Note. — See Alphabetical Index for other references relating to clam beds. 
SOMERSET COUNTY. 



County 
index 
number 
indicating 
clam beds 
on Index 
Chart 


Name of clam bed 


County 
index 
number 
indicatijlg 
clam beds 
on Index 
Chart 


Name of clam bed 


County 
index 
number 
indicating 
elara beds 
on Index 
Chart 


Name of elam bed 


1 


Ware Rock 


2 


Gravel Rock 


3 


Flat Rock 



LANDMARKS. 
U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SUEVEY TRIANGULATION STATIONS. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX. 

Note.— See Numerical Index for names of triangulation stations corresponding to numbers on Index Chart. 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 












County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


Geodectic 












Survey 


Name of station 


number of 

Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on wliich 

shown 


f^atitiidc 


Lon{;i 


ude 


County in whicli located 


county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 
Oyster 
Bars on 
which loca- 


















tions are 


















described 






o 


, 


o 


/ 








Aber 


32 


38 


MS 


76 


11 


Talbot 


29 


66 


Adam 


37 


38 


33 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


49 


71 


Adams 


24 


38 


'08 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


109 


87 


Albert 


32 


38 


52 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


116 


92 


All 


34 


38 


43 


76 


07 


Talbot 


211 


127 


AUer 


32 


38 


54 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


106 


88 


Alley 


32 


38 


56 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


79 


77 


Almshouse 


3 


38 


56 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


82 


92 


Almshouse (Lighting Rod) 


3 


38 


56 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


81 


92 


Alpha 


3 


38 


52 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


96 


96 


Amour 


29 


38 


43 


76 


16 


Queen Annes 


41 


33 


Annette 


34 


38 


43 


76 


16 


Talbot 


123 


93 


Ansley 


34 


38 


46 


76 


14 


Talbot 


157 


105 


Apple 


3 


38 


50 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


101 


98 


Appkgaith 


40 


38 


14 


76 


08 


Dorchester 


93 


87 


Ar 


41 


38 


19 


75 


55 


Dorchester 


128 


98 


Arl)ucklf 


1!4 


38 


09 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


99 


91 


Arnold 


2 


39 


02 


70 


32 


Anne Arundel 


42 


80 


Arundel 


3 


38 


65 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


70 


88 


Asbury Cliurch 


9 


37 


58 


75 


50 


Somerset 


45 


49 


Ash 


30 


39 


08 


76 


10 


Kent 


55 


66 


Ashland 


30 


39 


07 


76 


06 


Queen Annes 


12 


53 


Asquith 


40 


38 


17 


76 


09 


Dorchester 


107 


90 


Assateague Light 


(■) 


37 


55 


7S 


21 


Virginia 


23 


'40 


Attila 


32 


38 


52 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


118 


93 


Austin 


37 


38 


32 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


61 


76 


Avalon 


33 


38 


43 


76 


20 


Talbot 


89 


80 


Aye 


34 


38 


44 


76 


08 


Talbot 


202 


123 


Bach 


34,35 


38 


41 


76 


11 


Talbot 


224 


132 


Back 


37 


38 


33 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


36 


66 


Bailey 


26 


38 


14 


76 


47 


St. Marys 


168 


126 


Bald 


34 


38 


45 


76 


15 


Talbot ■ 


136 


97 


Baldwins 


32 


38 


52 


76 


10 


Talbot 


12 


58 


Ball (Wicomico River) 


5 


38 


14 


75 


51 


Somerset 


5 


35 


Ball (Harris Creek) 


33 


38 


45 


76 


18 


Talbot 


119 


86 


Baltimore Light 


n 


39 


04 


76 


24 


Anne Arundel 


6 


■■' 32 


Bank (Maguthy Rivfr) 




39 


05 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


16 


71 


Bank (Swiui Creek) 


"28, 29 


39 


09 


70 


16 


Kent 


5 


31 


Bank (St. (Element Bay) 
1 See Worceste 


25 
r County pub 


38 
lication. 


16 


76 


43 

3 


St. Marys 
Bee CJuecn Annes County pnbli 


147 

-ation. 


110 



LANDMARKS. 

Au'iiAiiKTicAL Index to Triangulation Stations- ('cuiliinic 



51 







Approximate geographic 






I'ageofU.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 












County 
inde.x 
number 


Geodetic 












Survey 




aumber of 












county pub- 


Name of st:il ion 


MarylaTid 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

shown 


Latitude 


Tyontritude 


Count}' in which located 


Ijy which 

indicated 

on Inde.K 

Chart 


lication of 

Survey of 

Oyster 

Bars on 

which loca- 


















tions are 


















described 


Bank (Tred Avon River) 


35 


38 


37 


76 


00 


Talbot 


263 


1.58 


Bar (Tangier Sound) 


5,7 


38 


08 


75 


58 


Somerset 


13 


38 


Bar (Ilarris Creek) 


33 


38 


41 


76 


19 


Talbot 


87 


79 


Bar (Sinepuxent Bay) 


13 


38 


16 


75 


08 


Worcester 


15 


32 


Barber (Wicomico River) 


26 


38 


23 


70 


51 


St. Marys 


181 


116 


Barber (Tred Avon River) 


35 


38 


36 


76 


01 


Talbot 


259 


157 


liareda House ( hipola 


20 


38 


19 


76 


26 


Calvert 


18 


55 


Barn 


7 


38 


08 


75 


48 


Somerset 


30 


44 


Barnett 


34 


38 


46 


7G 


11 


Talbot 


62 


149 


l?ara 


19 


38 


23 


76 


32 


St. Marys 


11 


47 


Bateman 


34 


38 


45 


76 


07 


Talbot 


196 


121 


!?ath 


30 


39 


05 


76 


07 


Queen Annes 


22 


46 


Battle 


19 


38 


27 


70 


37 


Calvert 


39 


42 


Batte 


31 


38 


55 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


53 


66 


Bay (Magcithy River) 


1 


39 


06 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


11 


68 


Bay (Severn River) 


2 


39 


02 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


49 


82 


Bay Bush Point 


30 


39 


03 


76 


13 


Kent 


23 


46 


Bay Ridge Stack 


3 


38 


56 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


66 


87 


Bay Side 


2 


39 


01 


76 


24 


Anne Arundel 


26 


75 


Bayly 


37 


38 


33 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


37 


67 


Beach (Chesapeake Bay) 


16 


38 


40 


70 


32 


Calvert 


2 


27 


Beach (Sinepuxent Bay) 


13 


38 


17 


75 


07 


Worcester 


11 


30 


Beacon 


9 


37 


55 


75 


54 


Vu-ginia 


8 


>50 


Beacon Clum])s 


14 


38 


08 


75 


12 


Worcester 


28 


37 


Beak 


32 


38 


48 


70 


11 


Talbot 


33 


68 


Beau 


25 


38 


16 


76 


38 


St. Marys 


121 


98 


Beckwith 


37 


38 


34 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


44 


70 


Bee 


32 


38 


54 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


102 


86 


Beg 


34 


38 


46 


76 


10 


Talbot 


39 


141 


Belle 


25 


38 


16 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


130 


96 


Bellevue 


34 


38 


42 


76 


11 


Talbot 


180 


115 


Bello 


24 


38 


11 


7(i 


27 


St. Marys 


88 


78 


Ben 


20 


38 


18 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


19 


58 


Bend 


24 


38 


12 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


75 


81 


Bengal 


34 


38 


46 


76 


15 


Talbot 


139 


98 


Benn 


32 


38 


51 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


89 


81 


Benoni 2 


34 


38 


40 


76 


12 


Talbot 


177 


114 


Bentley 


40 


38 


18 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


99 


88 


Berry 


34,35 


38 


40 


70 


09 


Talbot 


242 


139 


Bethel 


34 


38 


47 


76 


08 


Talbot 


54 


145 


Between 


24 


38 


07 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


55 


70 


Beverly 


34 


38 


46 


76 


14 


Talbot 


155 


104 


Bight 


2 


39 


02 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


41 


80 


Bill 


30 


39 


09 


76 


05 


Queen Annes 


6 


58 


Billiard 


19 


38 


29 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


2 


38 


Birch 


13,14 


38 


13 


75 


12 


Worcester 


22 


35 


Bird 


30 


39 


04 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


31 


41 


Bivalve Chun-li 


11 


38 


18 


75 


53 


Wicomico 


4 


26 


Black 


33, 36 


38 


40 


76 


20 


Talbot 


84 


78 


Black Beac(jn 


35 


38 


37 


76 


07 


Talbot 


252 


153 


Blakeford 


30 


39 


00 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


35 


37 


Blakiatone 


26 


38 


17 


76 


48 


St. Marys 


172 


123 


Blakistone Island light 


25 


38 


12 


76 


45 


St. Marys 


163 


105 



' See Somerset County publication. 



52 



SUMMAR^■ OF SURVF-V OV 0\y,TVAl BA KS OF MARYI^ANP. 
ALrHABRTiuAL INDEX TO TuiANfiUi-ATioN STATIONS — Continued. 







Approximate geographic \ 






Page of U.S. 






location 








Coast and 




Chart 
number of 










County 
mdex 
numt>er 


Geodetic 










Survey 
county pub- 


Name or station ^ 


Maryland 

Jyster Chart 

on which 

shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 


County in which located 


3V which 

ridicated 

on Index 

Chart 


lication of 

Survey of 

Oyster 

Bars on 

which loca- 
















tions are 
















described 


Blanco 


34 


38 44 


76 


16 


Talbot 


128 


95 


Blank 


(') 


39 10 


76 


02 


Kent 


92 


88 


Blind 


35 


38 38 


75 


59 


Talbot 


265 


159 


Bloudy Point Bar Light 


31 


38 50 


76 


24 


Queeu Annes 


46 


63 


Blossom 


34 


38 44 


70 


07 


Talbot 


200 


123 


Bluebeard 


30 


38 59 


76 


11 


Queeu Annes 


36 


37 


Bluff (Severn River) 


2 


38 59 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


34 


77 


Bluff (Magothy River) 


2 


39 04 


70 


27 


Anne Arundel 


8 


70 


Bodkin Point (01(1 Tower) 


1 


39 08 


76 


25 


Anne Arundel 


3 


08 


Boling 


35 


38 35 


76 


02 


Talbot 


256 


155 


Bou 


20 


38 19 


76 


27 


Calvert 


19 


54 


Bonnet 


32 


38 56 


76 


14 


Queen Annes 


86 


79 


Booker 


30 


39 OS 


76 


04 


Queen Annes 


9 


50 


Bo(jue 


34, 35 


38 40 


76 


10 


Talbot 


225 


1.32 


Bor.iui,* 


34 


38 42 


70 


09 


Talbot 


217 


129 


Bowman 


26 


38 20 


70 


52 


Charles 


10 


27 


Bozman 


34 


38 40 


70 


10 


Talbot 


1 12 


91 


Bozman M. 10. Clinrch 


34 


38 4(i 


76 


l(i 


Talbot 


113 


91 


Sjnre 
















Bramble 


28 


39 15 


76 


13 


Kent 


2 


29 


Braniiock 


■m;. 37 


38 35 


76 


16 


Dorchester 


29 


50 


Break 


30 


39 02 


76 


10 


Qiieen Annes 


34 


38 


Brewer (Severn River) 


2 


39 02 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


50 


83 


Brewer (South River) 


3 


38 57 


70 


33 


Anne Arundel 


SO 


91 


Brian Reference SUition 


32 


38 5(i 


76 


13 


(Jueen Annes 


87 


.^VO 


Briary 


■:,?, 


3S Hi 


7(i 


IS 


Talbot 


97 


83 


Briie' 


2 


39 00 


70 


29 


Anne Arundel 


35 


78 


Bridge (Honga River) 


;i(t, 10 


38 18 


7(i 


12 


Dorchester 


100 


87 


Bridge (Kent Island Nar- 


29, 32 


38 58 


70 


15 


Queen Annes 


83 


36 


rows) 
















Brief 


24 


38 12 


76 


27 


St. Miir\-s 


S2 


S3 


Brisroe 


20 


38 22 


70 


30 


St. Marys 


13 


49 


Broad (Chesapeake Bay) 


4 


38 47 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


107 


100 


Broad (Chester River) 


o 


39 09 


76 


04 


Kent 


87 


85 


Brome 


24 


38 11 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


72 


80 


Brooks 


37 


38 32 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


63 


77 


Brown 


30 


39 06 


76 


09 


Kent 


75 


75 


Bruffs 


32 


38 52 


76 


12 


Talbot 


18 


01 


Bnena 


19 


38 32 


76 


39 


Calvert 


46 


34 


Buffing 


13 


38 19 


75 


07 


Worcester 


5 


27 


Buffington Windmill 


13 


38 19 


75 


07 


Worcester 


6 


2S 


Bungav 


:',() 


39 09 


70 


11 


Kent 


4S 


63 


Bur 


2(1 


38 20 


70 


29 


Calvert 


20 


51 


Burns 


30 


39 OS 


76 


05 


Queen Annes 


11 


54 


Burr 


21) 


38 21 


7li 


52 


(ihnrles 


9 


26 


Bush 


32 


38 53 


76 


OS 


Queen Annes 


12S 


97 


But 


32 


38 48 


76 


12 


Talbot 


28 


65 


Buzz 


19 


38 29 


76 


39 


Calvert 


43 


38 


Buzzard 


25 


38 17 


70 


38 


St. Mar\'s 


128 


94 


Cabin 


34 


38 45 


76 


15 


Talbot ' 


134 


97 


Cable 


20 


38 19 


76 


29 


St. Marvs ' 


16 


52 


Cain 


20,21 


38 17 


76 


23 


St. Marys 


24 


58 


Cake 


30 


1 39 09 


76 


04 


1 Queen Annes 


7 


57 


I See progress ma 


p in Kent Cou 


nty publicati 


)n. 




' See Worcester County 


)ublication 





LANDMARKS. 

Alphabetical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 



53 



Calf 

Calvert Monument 

(!am 

Oarabridso 

CambridG:e Stand Pipe 

Camden 

Can 

Canoe 

Carrie 

Car -oil 2 

Castlo 

Ciitholic Churrh Cross 

Catholic Church Cro.ss 

(Benedirf) 
Catho'ic Churcli Cross 

(Newtown Keck) 
Catholic Church Spiro 

(Annapolis) 
Cato 
Caulk 
Cecil 

Cedar (South River) 
Ci'diir (Severn River) 
('cclar (Bretons Bav) 
C.'dar (Broad Crcelc) 
Cedar Point Light 
Cedoak 
Chodwick 
Chalk 
Chan 

Chancellor 
Change 1910 
( 'haji 
(.'hapel 

Charles (W'ir.Mni.nlVucr) 
Charles (lloiiL';' KiNci) 
Charles ([shiiid Creek) 
Chase (Severn River) 
Chase (\^Tiitehall Bay) 
Chef 
Cherry 
Cherry Cove 

Cherry Island Water Tank 
Ches 

(/hester (Chester River) 
Chester (Virginia) 
Chestnut 
Chew 
Chief 
Child 
Chin 
Chlor.i, 
t^hoptank River Light 



Chort 
mimbpr of 
Maryland 
)yster ('harl 
"on which 

shown 



24 
34 
35 
35 
34 
36, 37, 38 
2h 
37 
20 

20 
26 



25 



34 

20,39 

25 

24 

24 
35 

33,34 
32 
25 
26 
40 

34,35 



33,36,37 
24 
25 
37 
3 
30 

(■) 
24 
32 
35 
12 
32 
35 
34, 35, 37 



38 58 

38 52 

38 45 

38 17 

38 56 

39 04 
3S 16 
38 44 
38 18 



3S r,o 

38 10 

38 35 

38 43 

38 48 

38 16 

38 17 

38 19 

38 40 

39 01 
39 00 
38 38 
38 08 
38 16 
38 34 

38 52 

39 06 

37 57 

38 10 
38 53 
38 35 
38 15 
38 54 
38 38 
38 39 



76 07 

76 05 

76 05 

76 07 

76 18 

76 44 

76 15 

76 25 

76 10 

76 28 

76 41 



76 29 

76 31 

76 16 

76 43 

76 32 

76 34 

76 38 

76 14 

76 22 

76 41 

76 31 

76 32 

76 27 

76 02 

76 IS 



76 50 

76 10 

76 08 

76 31 

76 26 

76 17 

76 28 

76 41 

76 13 

76 31 

76 07 

75 26 

76 25 
76 08 
75 59 

75 .50 

76 10 
76 09 
76 11 



Anne Arundel 

St. Marys 

Talbot 

Uorchrster 

Dorchester 

Talbot 

Dorchester 

St. Marys 

Dorchester 

St. Marys 

Dorchester 

Calvert 

('harles 

St. Marys 

Anne Arundel 

Anne Arundel 

Talbot 

St. Marys 

Anne Arundel 

Anne Arundel 

St. Marvs 

Talbot " 

St. Marys 

St. ]\Iarys 

St. Marys 

Anne Arundel 

St. Mnrys 

Talbot ■ 

Talbot 

Talbot 

St. Marys 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Talbot 

Anne Arundel 

Anne Arundel 

Dorchester 

St. Marys 

St. Marys 

Dorchester 

Anne Arundel 

Queen Annea 

Virginia 

St. Marys 

Talbot 

Dorchester 

^\'icomico 

Queen Annes 

Talbot 

Talbot 



County 
mdex 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Jnde.x 
Chart 



91 
73 

212 
16 
15 

199 
81 

161 
38 
21 
24 
24 



88 

130 

148 

83 

45 

124 

166 

23 

114 

102 

99 

70 

258 

121 

50 

144 

14 

105 

231 

39 

30 

27 

93 

135 

45 

95 

15 

21 

63 

4 

8 

13 

105 

245 

244 



Page of U.S. 
Coast and 
Geodetic 
Survey 
county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 
Oyster 
Bars on 
which loca- 
tions are 
described 



95 
81 

127 
50 
50 

122 
59 

107 
67 
56 
53 
52 
37 



94 
95 

112 
92 
81 
95 

109 
58 

104 
92 
97 
78 

156 
86 
70 

108 
30 
89 

135 
79 
76 
55 
86 

100 
70 
96 
51 

'41 
76 
55 
47 
30 
87 

150 

140 



' See AVorcester Counly put^licritii 



54 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTEK BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Teianqulation Stations — Continued. 



Name of station 



Chart 

number of 

Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

shown 



Count V in which located 



County 
index 
number 
>y which 
lidicated 
jn Index 
Chart 



Page of U.S. 
Coast and 
Geodetic 
Survey 
county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 
Oyster 
Bars on 
which loca- 
tions are 
described 



Church 

Church Creek (No. 1 West) 

City 

Clark 

Clay 

Clem 

Close 

Clump (Chesapeake Hay) 

Clump (Harris Creek) 

Coal 

Cobb Point Bar Light 

Cobrums 

Coffee 

Cohouck 

Colburn 

Cole 

Collier 

Collins 

Colonel 

Comb (Miles River) 

Combs (Honga River) 

Command 

Compton 

Convent Water Tower 

Cook 

Cook Point Windmill 

Cool 

Coppage 

Corn (ijhesapeake Bay) 

Corn (Langford Creek) 

Com (Bretons Bay) 

Corner (Wicomico River) 

Corner (Choptank River) 

Corner (Wye River) 

Corpse 

Corr 

Corsica 

Cottage (Chesapeake Bay) 

Cottage (St. Inigoes Creek) 

Counallor 

Cousin 

Cove 

Cove Point Light 

Cow 

Cox (Crab Alley Bay) 

Cox (Manokin River) 

Crab 

Crack 

Craddock 

Craighill Channel Light 

(Front Range) 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range) 



(') 



24 
37 
26 
34 
30 
2 
32 

34 
34 
26 
25 
31 
26 
7 
19 

19 
32 
34 
24 
35 
25 

(') 

34 
36,37 

2 
24 

2 
30 
25 
26 
37 
32 
30 
28 
30 

3 
24 

3 
32 

3 

18, 20, 38 

41 

31 

7 
41 
34 
20 
27 

27 



38 10 

38 31 

38 31 

38 44 

39 09 
39 01 

38 54 

39 00 
38 47 
38 44 
38 15 
38 17 
38 56 
38 21 
38 03 
38 24 
38 21 
38 28 
38 51 
38 46 
38 08 
38 36 
38 15 
38 21 
38 43 

38 37 

39 01 

38 10 

39 01 
39 07 
38 17 
38 16 
38 37 

38 53 

39 06 
39 10 
39 05 
38 55 
38 10 
38 51 
38 52 
38 51 
38 23 
38 16 
38 55 
38 09 
38 11 
38 42 

38 18 

39 11 

39 14 



76 26 

76 11 

76 40 

76 12 

76 09 

76 32 

76 10 

76 25 

76 16 

76 15 

76 50 

76 43 

76 19 

76 50 

75 48 

76 35 

75 05 

76 40 
76 11 
70 10 
76 29 
76 05 
70 42 

75 05 

76 14 
76 17 
76 31 
76 28 
76 24 
76 10 
76 38 
76 .50 
76 12 
76 08 
76 07 
76 15 
76 09 
76 28 
76 26 
76 32 
76 10 
76 32 
76 23 
75 57 
7G 18 

75 47 

76 01 
76 07 
76 27 
76 24 

76 24 



St. Marys 

Dorchester 

Charles 

Talbot 

Kent 

Anno Arundel 

Queen Anues 

Aunc Arundel 

Talbot 

Talbot 

t'harles 

St. Mary.s 

Queen Amies 

St. Marys 

Somerset 

St. Marys 

Worcester 

St. Marys 

Talbot 

Talbot 

St. Marys 

Dorchester 

St. Marys 

Worcester 

Talbot 

Dorchester 

Anne Arundel 

St. Marys 

Anne Arundel 

Kent 

St. Marys 

('harles 

Dorchester 

Talbot 

Queen Annes 

Kent 

Queen Annes 

Anne Arundel 

St. Marys 

Anne Arundel 

Talbot 

Anne Arundel 

('alvert 

Dorchester 

Queen .\nnes 

Somerset 

Dorchester 

•Talbot 

St. Marys 

Baltimore 

Baltimore 



3 

163 
61 
51 

103 
27 

105 

125 
18 

155 
56 

179 
38 
9 
38 
4 
16 
60 
96 
18 

136 
39 

168 
28 
38 
89 
24 
69 

125 
17 
25 
2 
14 
10 
18 
67 
67 

.98 
13 

102 
14 

126 
73 
28 
96 

214 
20 



73 
76 
37 

108 
68 
83 
87 
75 
89 
93 
32 

113 
67 

118 
46 
45 
24 
39 
60 

148 
88 
51 

102 
25 

110 
55 
79 
77 
74 
71 
95 
32 
64 
55 
51 
32 
47 
87 
74 
97 
59 
98 
32 
97 
74 
43 
93 

128 
56 
25 



' See Worcester County progress map. 



LANDMARKS. 

Alphabetical Index to Trianoulation Stations — Continued. 



55 







Approximate geographic 






Page or U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 












County 


Oeodetic 












Survey 




numboi- of 












index 


county pub- 


Nameolslutioii 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which located 


number 
by which 


lication of 
Survey of 




on which 


Latitude 


Lon;:! 


Ludo 




indicated 


Oyster 




shown 












on Index 
Chart 


Bars on 
which loca- 
tions arc 
described 


Crane 


20 


38 


19 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


18 


53 


Crauey 


31 


38 


56 


76 


22 


Queen Annes 


45 


63 


Creek (Irish Creek) 


34 


38 


42 


76 


13 


Talbot 


176 


113 


Creek (Wicomico Ri\cr) 


12 


38 


16 


75 


49 


Wicomico 


14 


31 


Cremona 


19 


38 


27 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


5 


40 


Croch 


41 


38 


15 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


115 


93 


Crow 


30 


39 


03 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


30 


41 


Cult 


30 


39 


OS 


76 


09 


Kent 


67 


70 


Cummings 


33, 34 


38 


40 


76 


18 


Talbot 


99 


84 


Cup 


10 


37 


56 


75 


38 


Virginia 


15 


'53 


Cupola (Rhode River) 


3 


38 


52 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


93 


95 


Cupola (Manokin River) 


7 


38 


08 


.75 


49 


Somerset 


3V 


44 


Curtis 


3 


38 


51 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


103 


98 


Cut 


30 


39 


00 


76 


13 


Kent 


33 


52 


Cutoff Channel Light 


27 


39 


12 


76 


27 


Baltimore 


4 


26 


(Front Range) 


















Cutoff Channel Light 


27 


39 


13 


76 


28 


Baltimore 


6 


26 


(Rear Range) 


















Dago 


24 


38 


07 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


40 


64 


Dan 


33,34 


38 


46 


76 


18 


Talbot 


116 


84 


Darce 


32 


38 


53 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


109 


89 


David 


37 


38 


33 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


51 


72 


Davis 


30 


39 


07 


76 


10 


Kent 


42 


61 


Day 


24 


38 


06 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


54 


69 


Deal Island Church 


5 


38 


09 


75 


57 


Somerset 


12 


38 


Deck 


32 


38 


53 


76 


09 


Talbot 


7 


57 


Deep 


24 


38 


11 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


85 


80 


Deep Cove 


30 


39 


06 


76 


11 


Kent 


38 


59 


Deep Point 2 


30 


39 


07 


76 


07 


Kent 


78 


77 


Deewat 


32 


38 


48 


76 


13 


Tall)Ot 


68 


72 


Delahay 


34, 30 


38 


40 


76 


09 


Talbot 


228 


134 


Dell 


31 


38 


55 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


70 


73 


Delta (Rhode River) 


3 


38 


53 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


89 


'M 


Delta (Broad Creek) 


34 


38 


46 


76 


16 


Talbot 


142 


100 


Desert 


20, 21 


38 


16 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


25 


58 


Deux • 


34 


38 


42 


76 


07 


Talbot 


213 


128 


Dicks Water Tank 


35 


38 


35 


76 


05 Dorchester 


19 


50 


Divide 


32 


38 


53 


76 


09 


Queen Annes 


123 


95 


Dixon 


32 


38 


51 


76 


16 


Talbot 


73 


75 


Dobbins 


2 


39 


05 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


13 


71 


Doctor (Little Choi)tank 


37 


38 


32 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


64 


77 


River) 


















Doctor (Miles River) 


34 


38 


47 


76 


09 


Talbot 


56 


146 


Dog 


34 


38 


47 


70 


17 


Talbot 


100 


87 


Dorrance 


34 


38 


47 


76 


09 


Talbot 


45 


144 


Dot 


37 


38 


38 


76 


14 


Dorchester 


26 


64 


Double 


35 


38 


36 


76 


03 


Talbot 


255 


155 


Dove 


5 


38 


12 


75 


52 


Somerset 


8 


36 


Down 


30 


39 


09 


76 


04 


Queen Annes 


5 


59 


Draw 


32 


38 


48 


76 


08 


Talbot 


49 


70 


Drum (Langford Creek) 


30 


39 


07 


76 


10 


Kent 


41 


60 


Drum (Smith Creek) 


24 


38 


07 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


44 


65 


Drum Poiut Light 


20 


38 


10 


76 


25 


Calvert 


17 


55 



' See Somerset County publications. 



56 



3UMMAEY OF SURVEY OF OYSIEK BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 







Approximate 


geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 
















('ounty 

inde.x 

number 

by which 


Geodetic 


Name of station 


Chart 
number of 
Maryland 










County in which located 


.Survey 
county pub- 
lication of 
.Siu-vey of 
Oyster 
narson 
wliich loca- 




)yster Chart 












indicated 




on which 


Latitude | 


Longitude ] 




on Index 




shown 












Chart 


















tions are 


















described 


Duck (Honga River) 


40 


38 


17 


76 


06 


Dorchester 


110 


92 


Duck (Choptank River) 


35 


38 


36 


76 


00 


Talbot 


260 


1.57 


Dull 


32 


38 


56 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


81 


78 


Dune 


25 


38 


14 


76 


41 


St. Marys 


116 


103 


Dunk 


33 


38 


45 


76 


19 


Talbot 


94 


82 


Dunnock 


38 


38 


23 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


86 


83 


Dupont 


37 


38 


34 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


43 


69 


Dusky 


24 


38 


10 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


66 


74 


Dutchman 


3 


38 


52 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


87 


93 


Dwarf 


19 


38 


30 


76 


40 


( 'alvert 


44 


37 


Dynard 


25 


38 


18 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


153 


115 


Eagle (Langl'ord Creek) 


30 


39 


08 


76 


11 


Kent 


44 


61 


Eagle (Harris Creek) 


33 


38 


44 


76 


19 


Talbot 


93 


81 


Ear 


41 


38 


17 


76 


00 


Dorchester 


122 


96 


Earle (Corsica River) 


30 


39 


05 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


26 


44 


Earle (Nanticokfe River) 


11 


38 


21 


75 


52 


Wicomico 


1 


25 


East 


9 


37 


56 


75 


50 


Somerset 


48 


51 


E. Cambridge Spire 


35 


38 


34 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


13 


50 


E. Cambridge Tall Stack 


35 


38 


34 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


14 


49 


Eastman 


34 


38 


46 


76 


15 


Talbot 


140 


99 


Easton 


32 


38 


48 


76 


08 


Talbdt 


52 


71 


EdmonJ 


33 


38 


46 


76 


18 


Talbot 


117 


85 


Edward 


32 


38 


52 


76 


11 


Talbot 


15 


60 


Bed ling 


26 


38 


19 


76 


51 


Charles 


11 


28 


Eleanor 


37 


38 


32 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


65 


78 


Ella 


12 


38 


15 


75 


52 


Wicomico 


11 


29 


EUiason 


28 


39 


09 


76 


15 


Kent 


8 


34 


Elliott 


41 


38 


19 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


121 


95 


Ellpow 


13 


38 


18 


75 


08 


Wcircester 


10 


30 


Elmore 


34 


38 


46 


76 


14 


Tal))ot 


154 


104 


Emanuel Church 


9 


37 


59 


75 


51 


Somerset 


43 


49 


End ( Harris ( 'reek ) 


31,32,34 


38 


48 


76 


17 


Talb.it 


107 


41 


End (Wicomico River) 


12 


38 


15 


75 


49 


Wicomico 


15 


31 


Engineer 


30 


39 


05 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


20 


46 


Enough 


24 


38 


07 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


43 


65 


Enter 


34, 35 


38 


40 


76 


10 


Talbot 


226 


133 


Episcopal Church Cross 


24 


38 


11 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


74 


SI 


(Old St. Marys) 


















Etna 


3 


38 


53 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


90 


94 


Etta 


37 


38 


32 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


55 


74 


Evans 


30 


39 


06 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


16 


49 


Ewell Church Spire 


8 


37 


58 


76 


01 


Somerset 


58 


47 


(Smith Island) 


















Face 


32 


38 


49 


76 


n 


Talbot 


31 


67 


Fact 


26 


38 


20 


76 


51 


St. Marys 


177 


120 


Fair 


32 


38 


48 


76 


12 


Talbot 


26 


65 


Fairbanks 


34 


38 


45 


76 


16 


Talbot 


131 


96 


Fairhaven 


4 


38 


45 


76 


34 


Anne Arundel 


110 


101 


Fairmount Church 


7 


38 


06 


75 


48 


Srmiorsot 


33 


44 


Farm 


41 


38 


19 


76 


03 


Dorchester 


118 


94 


Farr 


26 


38 


19 


76 


50 


St. Marys 


176 


121 


Fassett 


13 


38 


17 


75 


08 


Worcester 


12 


31 


Fence 


25 


38 


15 


76 


41 


St. Marys 


117* 


101 


Ferry (Magothy River) 


2 


39 


04 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


19 


72 



LANDMAKKS. 
Alphabetical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 



57 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




rhart 












County 


Geodetic 












Suivey 




number of 












inde.v 


county pub- 


Name of station 


Maryland 
Ovstei- rhart 










fuuuty in whii h located 


number 
by which 


lication of 
Survev of 




"on wliich 
shown 


I.alituilo 


Lonnitiuie 




iiiilicated 
on Index 


Oyster 
Bars on 
















Chart 


which loca- 
tions are 
described 


Ferry (Choptank River) 


35 


38 


34 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


11 


48 


Ferry (Wye River) 


32 


38 


53 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


96 


84 


Field 


2 


39 


00 


76 


30 


Anne Anmdel 


55 


84 


Fig 


34 


38 


47 


76 


08 


Talbot 


55 


145 


Figlit 


19 


38 


20 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


7 


42 


Finisli 


38 


38 


28 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


75 


81 


Fir 


30 


39 


03 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


33 


39 


First 


34, 35 


38 


41 


76 


10 


Talbot 


223 


132 


Fish 


41 


38 


16 


75 


59 


Dorchester 


123 


96 


Fishbone 


9 


37 


53 


7(i 


00 


Vu-ginia 


6 


' 48 


Fishstack 
Fitz 


20 


38 


19 


76 


27 


Calvert 


20 


54 


(') 


38 


09 


75 


47 


Somerset 


25 


43 


Flagpole 


24 


38 


08 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


48 


68 


Flag Pond 


18 


38 


27 


76 


28 


Calvert 


11 


31 


Flag Staff (Naval Acad- 


2 


38 


59 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


57 


85 


emy Boathonse) 


















Flat (Wye River) 


32 


38 


52 


7G 


11 


Queen Annes 


115 


92 


Flat (Smith Creek) 


24 


38 


08 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


50 


68 


Flat Cap 


7 


38 


02 


75 


53 


Somerset 


40 


46 


Fodder 


2(i 


38 


32 


76 


41 


( 'harles 


1 


35 


Fog 2 


(i 


38 


02 


76 


02 


Somerset 


54 


39 


Ford (Langtord Creek) 


30 


39 


08 


76 


11 


Kent 


45 


62 


Ford (Chesapeake Bay) 


21 


38 


14 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


20 


59 


Ford (Big Annemessex 


7 


38 


04 


75 


50 


Somerset 


36 


45 


River) " 


















I>'ui'e 


30 


39 


0(i 


76 


12 


Kent 


34 


53 


Fork 


28 


39 


09 


76 


15 


Kent 


7 


35 


Ft)rr 


VJ 


38 


25 


76 


3() 


St. Marys 


8 


43 


Fort (Severn River) 


2 


38 


59 


7(i 


28 


Anne Arundel 


33 


77 


Fort (Si. Marys River) 


24 


3S 


(18 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


56 


71 


Fort Howard 


















Taller Water Tank 


27 


39 


12 


76 


27 


Baltimore 


5 


26 


Fox 


34 


38 


4(i 


76 


17 


Talbot 


115 


92 


F ix Island Poj)lar 


9 


37 


54 


75 


54 


Virginia 


9 


-50 


Foxwell 


25 


38 


17 


76 


38 


St. Marys 


127 


94 


Frank 


32 


38 


51 


76 


12 


Talbot 


21 


62 


Franklin 


4 


38 


49 


76 


30 


Anne .\:iiiidcl 


105 


99 


Frog 


41 


38 


14 


75 


57 


Dorchestei- 


125 


96 


Front 


33 


38 


44 


76 


21 


Talbot 


81 


77 


Gander 


35 


38 


3(i 


75 


59 


Dorchester 


7 


47 


Gantt 


{') 


38 


20 


75 


06 


Worcester 


40 


25 


Gasli 


34 


38 


15 


76 


07 


Talbot 


198 


122 


Geog 


7 


38 


03 


75 


49 


Somerset 


39 


46 


Gibbs 


34 


38 


47 


76 


U 


Talbot 


37 


141 


Giii'jer 


3 


38 


57 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


75 


90 


Gis 


35 


38 


38 


76 


07 


Talbot 


250 


153 


Go 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


122 


94 


Golds 


3! 


38 


42 


76 


09 


Talbot 


218 


130 


Goose (Grays Inn River) 


30 


39 


0(i 


76 


13 


Kent 


28 


50 


Goose (St. George River) 


24 


38 


OS 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


95 


88 


Ciordon 


30 


39 


03 


76 


11 


Queen Amies 


32 


40 


Govei- 


11 


38 


21 


75 


54 


Dorchester 


129 


98 


Gowan 


3 


38 


53 


76 


29 


Aime Artnide! 


86 


93 



Somerset County publication. 



- See progress map in Worcester County publication. 



' See Somerset County publication. 



58 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetu'm, Index to Triangulation Stations — CoiiUniied. 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Oiiirt 

number of 

Maryland 

Oyster Cliart 

on which 

shown 










County in whiih located 


Comity 
index 

number 
by which 
indicated 


Oeudctic 


Name of station 










Survey 

county pub- 

licalionof 

Sur\'ey of 




Latitude 


Lonsi 


ude 




on Index 
Oiart 


<>ysl'cr 

Bars on 

which loca- 


















tions are 


















described 






o 


, 


o 


, 








Grace 


34 


38 


46 


7(1 


17 


Talbot 


102 


88 


Grace M. E. Church 


15 


38 


01 


75 


23 


Virginia 


17 


'41 


Gram (Severn Iliver) 


3 


38 


57 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


64 


86 


Gram (Broad Creek) 


34 


38 


46 


76 


15 


Talbot 


138 


98 


Granary 


32 


38 


53 


70 


08 


Queen Anties 


120 


96 


Gvason 


24 


38 


10 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


61 


75 


Gralilnde 


28,29 


39 


08 


76 


16 


Kent 


16 


37 


(irave 


34 


38 


46 


76 


14 


Talbot 


149 


102 


Gravel 


24 


38 


10 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


71 


79 


Gray 


30 


39 


06 


76 


13 


Kent 


30 


51 


Great 


33 


38 


45 


7(i 


21 


Talbot 


80 


77 


Great Shoals T,io;ht 


12 


38 


13 


75 


53 


^Vicomi('o 


10 


35 


Greek 


31 


38 


56 


76 


18 


Queen Annes 


68 


72 


Green (Ei'.stern Bay) 


32 


38 


54 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


88 


80 


Green (Manokiu Kiver) 


7 


38 


09 


75 


47 


Somerset 


29 


44 


Green Run Inlet Life 


14,15 


38 


05 


75 


12 


Worcester 


31 


38 


Saving Station Flag- 


















staff. 


















Greenbury 


2 


38 


58 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


31 


77 


Greenbury Point Li^rht 


2 


38 


58 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


32 


77 


Greenweli 


37 


38 


33 


76 


14 


Dorchester 


40 


68 


Grind 


24 


38 


10 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


90 


76 


Grove (Keeds Creek) 


30 


39 


03 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


29 


42 


Grove (Bretons Bay) 


25 


38 


14 


76 


41 


St. Marys 


115 


104 


Grubin 


35 


38 


38 


76 


07 


Talbot 


251 


153 


Guest 


25 


38 


IS 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


150 


114 


Guilberts Cupola 


14 


38 


09 


75 


17 


Worcester 


27 


38 


Guither 


24 


38 


10 


76 


31 


St. Marys 


103 


93 


Gull 


13 


38 


19 


75 


06 


Worcester 


7 


28 


Gunners 


39,40 


3S 


20 


76 


13 


norchoster 


101 


86 


Gust 


2(i 


38 


19 


76 


51 


Cliarl(!s 


12 


28 


Gusla 


32 


38 


53 


76 


iO 


Talbot 


10 


58 


Gut 


30 


39 


09 


76 


09 


Kent 


63 


(;i) 


Hackett 


2 


38 


59 


76 


25 


Anne Arutnlel 


2S 


76 


Iladdaway 


33 


38 


47 


76 


20 


Talbot 


77 


76 


Haines 


5 


38 


11 


75 


57 


Somerset 


11 


37 


Hall ^rolumac Bivcr) 


22 


38 


04 


76 


22 


St. Marys 


36 


62 


Hall (Miles River) 


34 


38 


45 


76 


10 


Talbot 


61 


148 


Hall House (Middle 


22 


38 


04 


76 


22 


St. Marys 


37 


63 


Chimney) 


















Hallomng 


19 


38 


31 


76 


40 


Calvert 


45 


30 


Ham (Magothy River) 


2 


39 


05 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


15 


71 


Ham (Miles River) 


34 


38 


46 


76 


10 


Talbot 


59 


147 


Hambrooks Bar Beacon 


35 


38 


36 


76 


06 


Dorchester 


17 


50 


Hamilton 


13 


38 


20 


75 


05 


Worcester 


1 


26 


Hamniett 


24 


38 


13 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


78 


85 


Handvs Hammock 


13,14 


38 


13 


75 


15 


Worcester 


25 


36 


Hard ■ 


26 


38 


16 


76 


50 


Charles 


15 


31 


Harmon 


13 


38 


20 


75 


07 


Worcester 


3 


26 


Harp 


30 


39 


09 


76 


09 


Kent 


60 


68 


Harjier 


34 


38 


46 


76 


14 


Talbot 


158 


106 


Harringlcm 


38 


38 


29 


76 


18 


Dorchester 


77 


82 


Harrison 


34 


38 


47 


76 


17 


Talbot 


104 


89 



' See Worcester (."ounty i)ublication. 



LANDMARKS. 
Ali'Habetical Index to Triangulation STATioNS^(.!oii(,iiiueil. 



59 







Approximate geographic 
location 






Pago of U.S. 
Coast and 




Chart 

number ol 

Maryland 

Oyster Charl 

on whieli 

shown 










County in which located 


County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Inde.\ 
Chart 


Geodetic 


NamoofsUUion 


Latitude 


Lonj'itude 


Survey 
county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 
Oyster 
Bars on 
which loca- 


















tions are 


















described 


Harry 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


08 


Talbot 


230 


134 


lias 


7 


38 


04 


75 


52 


Somerset 


35 


45 


Ilaven 


28,29 


39 


09 


76 


15 


Kent 


13 


35 


Hawk 


33 


38 


45 


76 


19 


Talbot 


95 


82 


llayden 


26 


38 


21 


76 


52 


Charles 


8 


26 


Head 


41 


38 


13 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


114 


93 


Ilpaley (liroloiis liay) 


25 


38 


16 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


131 


97 


Healey (Island Creek) 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


08 


Talbot 


238 


137 


Hedney 


26 


38 


18 


76 


51 


Charles 


13 


29 


Uellcn 


20 


38 


21 


76 


29 


Calvert 


28 


49 


Hen 


33 


38 


44 


76 


18 


Talbot 


120 


86 


Henderson 


32,34 


38 


47 


76 


08 


Talbot 


53 


71 


Henry 


37 


38 


33 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


34 


66 


Here" 


31 


38 


57 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


57 


68 


Heron 


25 


38 


13 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


164 


105 


Herr 


32 


38 


50 


76 


13 


Talbot 


23 


63 


Herring 


30 


39 


07 


76 


13 


Kent 


31 


51 


Herring Pond 2 


(') 


38 


10 


76 


41 


Virginia 


1 


' 105 


Hickory 


1 


39 


05 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


12 


69 


High (Severn River) 


2 


39 


04 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


44 


81 


High (Honga River) 


41 


38 


r.) 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


120 


95 


Higher 


34 


38 


43 


76 


07 


Talbot 


210 


127 


Hill 


3 


38 


55 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


71 


88 


Hog 2 


20 


38 


19 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


22 


56 


Hog Point (Holland 3) 


16 


38 


43 


76 


32 


Calvert 


1 


26 


Holland (Olie s a p e a k e 

Bay 
Holland (Wicomico 


4 


38 


44 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


111 


101 


12 


38 


15 


75 


51 


Wicomico 


12 


30 


River) 


















Holland Island Bar Light 


6 


38 


04 


76 


06 


Somerset 


53 


39 


Holland Island Church 


42 


38 


07 


76 


05 


Dorchester 


95 


104 


Spire 


















Hollow 


25 


38 


l(i 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


132 


98 


Holly 


34 


38 


44 


76 


12 


Talbot 


164 


108 


Ilolton Point 


30 


39 


05 


76 


09 


Queen Annes 


27 


43 


Hoo 


30 


39 


OS 


76 


09 


Kent 


66 


70 


Hook 


32 


38 


54 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


98 


85 


Hooper Island Light 


39 


38 


15 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


92 


84 


Hooper Strait Light 


40 


38 


14 


76 


05 


Dorchester 


113 


93 


Iloopersville Methodist 


40 


38 


16 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


98 


88 


Church Cupola 


















Hope 


31 


38 


58 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


63 


70 


Hopkins (Herring Bay) 


4 


38 


46 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


109 


100 


Hopkins (Broad Creek) 


34 


38 


45 


76 


13 


Talbot 


160 


106 


Hopkins Memorial 


40 


38 


15 


76 


OS 


Dorchester 


97 


88 


Church Cupola 


















Horn (Magothy River) 


2 


39 


05 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


17 


72 


Horn (Severn River) 


2 


38 


58 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


62 


85 


Hornor 


30 


39 


08 


76 


10 


Kent 


53 


65 


Horse 


9 


37 


57 


76 


00 


Virginia 


5 


M9 


Horseshoe (Chesapeake 


3 


38 


50 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


104 


99 


Bay) 



















• See St. Marys County publicatioas. 



3 See Somerset County publications. 



60 



SUMMARY OF SUKVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 

Alphabetical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 







Appro. 


imate geographic! 






Page oft'. S. 








location 








CoasI and 




Chart 












iii'lc-K 


Geodetic 












Survey 




iiumbor of 












numtjor 


cuunt V pnh- 


Name of si al ion 


Marvlanvi 
OvstPr Cliirt 










(•uunlyinwliii'lilo.'iilc.l 


hv whir-h 
iliilirutccl 


liraii'im of 
.Survey of 




on whii'h 


Latin 


lie 


Lonyil 


Llilc 




on Index 


Oysler 




stiowii 












Chart 


i^ars nn 
whieh loea- 
tions arc 
described 






o 


, 


o 


, 








Horseshoe (St. Marys 


24 


38 


12 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


76 


82 


River) 


















Hosier Memorial Cliurch 


39,40 


38 


20 


76 


14 


Dorchester 


89 


87 


Spire 


















Hospital Cupola (Naval 


2 


38 


59 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


56 


85 


Academy) 


















Hough 


32 


38 


51 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


90 


81 


House 


35 


38 


38 


75 


58 


Dorchester 


3 


45 


H w a r d (Chniitank 


35 


38 


35 


76 


07 


Dorchester 


20 


51 


River) 


















Howards (St. Cl.'ment 


25 


38 


16 


76 


42 


St. Marys 


146 


110 


15ay) 
Howells 


35 


38 


37 


76 


07 


Talbot 


253 


154 


Huddle 


2 


39 


04 


76 


29 


Anne .\rundel 


20 


73 


Hudson 


37 


38 


32 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


32 


65 


Hugh 


37 


38 


32 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


54 


73 


Hunter 


34 


38 


43 


76 


08 


Talbot 


203 


124 


Hunting 


34 


38 


46 


76 


10 


Talbot 


42 


143 


Hut 


35 


38 


38 


75 


58 


Dorchester 


2 


44 


Hutchins 


If) 


38 


23 


76 


33 


St. Marys 


10 


46 


Hydroyraphic 


30 


39 


05 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


25 


44 


Ide 


30 


39 


08 


76 


08 


Kent 


65 


70 


Ila 


34 


38 


42 


76 


13 


Talbot 


175 


113 


1112 


IG 


38 


39 


76 


32 


Calvert 


3 


27 


III 


24 


38 


07 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


45 


66 


Indian (Patuxent River) 


26 


38 


30 


76 


41 


Charles" 


5 


38 


Indian (Chester River) 


30 


39 


07 


76 


06 


Queen Annes 


13 


52 


Inez 


35 


38 


38 


70 


07 


Talbot 


249 


152 


Ingraya 


13 


38 


14 


75 


10 


\\'()r< ester 


19 


34 


Inigi>03 


24 


38 


10 


76 


26 


SI. Marvs 


68 


73 


Inkquill 


13 


38 


18 


75 


07 


\\'orci'ster 


8 


28 


Inn 


30 


39 


05 


76 


12 


Kent 


37 


54 


Irisli 


:!4 


38 


42 


76 


14 


Talbot 


171 


111 


Iron 


2 


39 


05 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


14 


71 


Island (Severn River) 


2 


39 


02 


76 


34 


Anne .Vruudcl 


48 


82 


Island (i'atuxent Uiver) 


1!) 


38 


2) 


76 


32 


( 'alvert 


35 


44 


Island ((Jrays Inn Creek) 


30 


39 


06 


76 


12 


Kent 


35 


53 


Isle 


30 


39 


08 


76 


10 


Kent 


43 


61 


Iveo 


,'■) 


38 


ir^ 


75 


.50 


Somerset 


3 


34 


Jam 


35 


38 


37 


75 


59 


Talbot 


261 


158 


JaniOJ (Chesapeake Ray) 


30, 37 


38 


32 


76 


20 


Dorchester 


84 


61 


James (Miles River) 


32 


38 


51 


76 


12 


Talbot 


20 


62 


Janes Island Light 


!) 


37 


58 


75 


55 


Somerset 


41 


49 


Jarre (t 


30 


39 


08 


76 


05 


Kent 


82 


81 


Jay 


34, 35 


38 


40 


76 


08 


Talbot 


241 


139 


Jean 


5, 7 


38 


09 


75 


51 


Somerset 


22 


39 


Jenifer 


37 


38 


33 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


33 


65 


Jere 


33, 36 


38 


37 


76 


22 


Talbot 


86 


79 


Johnson 


32, 31 


38 


47 


76 


08 


Talbot 


47 


69 


Jones 


', 


38 


15 


75 


49 


Somerset ' 


2 


34 


Joseph 


6.K 


38 


01 


76 


03 


Somerset 


55 


40 


Joshua 


7 


38 


07 


75 


57 


Somerset 


14 


41 


Journey 


:',o 


39 


08 


76 


04 


Qupen Anne.i 


8 


56 


Judge 


34 


38 


45 


76 


14 


Talbot 


152 


103 



LANDMARKS. 
Alphabetical Inhex to Trianqulation Stations — CiMiiimiprl. 



61 







Approximate geographic 












location 










Chart 
number of 












(^ounty 
inde.\ 


NaniB of station 


Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

shOOTl 


Latitude 


Longitude 


County in whic h located 


number 
by wliioh 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 






o 




o 


, 






Juliet 


11 


38 


20 


75 


53 


Wicomico 


2 


Juliua 


30 


39 


09 


76 


03 


Queen Amies 


4 


June 


32 


38 


54 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


104 


Jutland 


24 


38 


07 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


47 


Kaywoiid 


25 


38 


14 


76 


42 


St. Marys 


139 


Koenes 


39,40 


38 


22 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


102 


Kelley 


7 


38 


08 


75 


55 


Somerset 


19 


Kemp 


31 


38 


50 


76 


18 


Talbot 


76 


Kemj) Tower 


31 


38 


50 


76 


18 


Talbot 


75 


Konneilv 


24 


38 


10 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


69 


Kent 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


08 


Talbot 


229 


Kerwin 


40 


38 


22 


76 


U 


Dorchester 


103 


Kev 


2(i 


38 


22 


76 


50 


St. Marys 


ISO 


Killirk .Sh.ial Li;.;lit 


('1 


38 


57 


75 


23 


Virginia 


22 


Kins 


30 


39 


08 


76 


10 


Kent 


54 


Kinsley 


30 


39 


08 


76 


11 


Kent 


46 


Kirby " 


37 


38 


32 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


58 


Kirk 


34 


38 


4t> 


76 


09 


Talbot 


58 


Kirwan 


32 


38 


57 


76 


15 


Queen Aunts 


82 


Kit (Island ("reek) 


34, 3r) 


38 


41 


76 


07 


Talbot 


235 


Kitt (Patuxent River) 


19 


38 


28 


76 


37 


(.'alvert 


40 


Knee 


32 


38 


54 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


99 


K. of P. FUiystaff (Solo- 


20 


38 


19 


76 


27 


Calvert 


21 


mons) 
















Knol. 


2 


39 


00 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


36 


Knock 


31 


38 


57 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


64 


Koot 


34 


38 


40 


76 


17 


Talbot 


114 


Lal)or 


24 


38 


0(i 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


111 


Lakes 


40 


38 


19 


76 


09 


Dorchester 


106 


Lan 


35 


38 


38 


76 


07 


Talbot 


247 


Landeye 


34, 35 


38 


40 


76 


09 


Talbot 


243 


Landing 


31 


38 


57 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


65 


I^andlet 


14 


38 


07 


75 


18 


Worcester 


29 


Laney 


37 


38 


32 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


66 


Langford 


30 


39 


06 


76 


10 


Kent 


73 


Large Water Tank 


35 


38 


38 


76 


10 


Dorchester 


23 


Larramore 


3 


38 


57 


70 


34 


Anne Arundel 


79 


Law 


32 


38 


51 


76 


12 


Talbot 


19 


Lawn 


31, 32, 34 


38 


47 


76 


16 


TallKit 


106 


I^awyer 


30 


39 


07 


76 


11 


Kent 


40 


Layor 


34 


38 


43 


76 


08 


Talbot 


216 


Lay ton 


37 


38 


33 


70 


12 


Dorchester 


50 


Leary 


30 


39 


08 


76 


09 


Kent 


57 


Leaven 


32 


38 


53 


76 


n 


Queen Annes 


112 


Le Gompte 


35 


:'.s 


:ii; 


76 


10 


Dorchester 


22 


Lee 


37 


38 


:i3 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


46 


Leeds 


32 


38 


48 


76 


12 


Tallxit 


35 


Leiteh 


19 


38 


32 


76 


40 


Calvert 


47 


Lend 


19, 20 


38 


23 


76 


30 


Calvert 


30 


Lerch Windmill 


3 


38 


50 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


100 


Le Seur 


32 


38 


52 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


117 


Little 


5 


38 


13 


75 


50 


Somer.se t 


7 


Little Gum 


30 


39 


05 


76 


12 


Kent 


24 



Page of U.S. 
Coast and 
Geodetic 
Survey 
county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 
Oyster 
Bars on 
which loca- 
tions are 
described 



25 
59 
87 
67 

104 
86 
41 
40 
40 
77 

134 
89 

117 
40 
65 
62 
75 

147 
79 

136 
41 
85 
53 



70 
91 
69 
90 
151 
139 
71 
38 
78 
73 
52 
91 
61 
41 
60 
129 
72 
60 
90 
52 
70 
68 
33 
48 
97 
92 
35 



1 See Worcester County publication. 



62 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 

ALrnABETUAi, Index m Triangulation Stations -f'oiitirnu.Ml. 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 
number of 












County 
inde.x 


Geodetic 












Sui'vey 
county pub- 


Name of station 


Maryland 
Ovstor Chart 










County m which located 


by wliich 
indicated 


lication of 
Survey of 




on which 
shown 


fjatitude 


Longitude 




on fndex 
Chart 


Oyster 

Bars on 

wliich loca- 


















tions are 


















described 






o 


, 


o 










I/iver 


31 


38 


57 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


59 


68 


JJ.jyd 


32 


38 


52 


76 


10 


Talbot 


14 


59 


Locust (Chesapeake Bay) 


1 


39 


06 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


4 


68 


Ixioust ( Langford ( 'reek) 


30 


39 


09 


76 


11 


Kent 


49 


63 


Locust (Manokin Rh-er) 


7 


38 


09 


75 


48 


Somerset 


24 


42 


liong (Severn River) 


2 


39 


03 


7(i 


33 


Anne Arundel 


47 


82 


Ixmg (Miles River) 


34 


38 


46 


76 


10 


Talbot 


38 


141 


Long Point 


15 


38 


00 


75 


22 


Virginia 


18 


'41 


Lonp;wells Wuidmill 


13 


38 


15 


75 


09 


Worcester 


16 


33 


lyouLse 


37 


38 


33 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


39 


68 


Love Point Light 


29 


39 


03 


76 


17 


Queen Amies 


42 


33 


Lovely 


30 


39 


09 


76 


09 


Kent 


02 


09 


1, overs 


25 


38 


1() 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


120 


99 


Lowell 


21 


38 


09 


76 


30 


St. Maiys 


100 


91 


Ivf)wndes 


32 


38 


48 


76 


08 


Talbot 


48 


69 


Luce 


2 


39 


01 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


53 


84 


Lucy 


30 


39 


06 


76 


13 


Kent 


27 


50 


Luna 


34 


38 


45 


76 


16 


Talliot 


133 


96 


Lynch Point 3 


n 


38 


03 


76 


31 


Virginia 


2 


2 70 


Lyon 


2G 


38 


18 


76 


50 


St. Marys 


175 


122 


Mc(-'onnell 


34 


38 


47 


76 


09 


Talbot 


57 


146 


McCoy 


24 


38 


13 


76 


28 


St. Mai-ys 


79 


85 


McKay 


24 


38 


11 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


86 


79 


Mac 


37 


38 


32 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


67 


78 


Mackall 


19, 20 


38 


23 


76 


30 


Calvert 


32 


40 


Macum 


29 


39 


00 


7(; 


17 


Queen Annes 


39 


35 


Madison Southern M. E.' 


37 


38 


30 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


68 


79 


Cliurch Spii-e 


















^^agothy 


2 


39 


02 


76 


25 


Anne Arundel 


23 


74 


Maiden 


34 


38 


40 


76 


11 


Talbot 


- 63 


149 


Mais 


32 


38 


48 


76 


11 


Talbot 


32 


07 


Major 


30 


39 


07 


76 


10 


Kent 


71 


72 


Make 


30 


39 


09 


76 


05 


Kent 


86 


84 


Mansion 


25 


38 


16 


76 


42 


St. Marys 


145 


109 


Marge 


34 


38 


47 


76 


11 


Talbot 


36 


140 


Marion 


34 


38 


47 


76 


16 


Talbot 


143 


100 


Mars 


34 


38 


46 


76 


15 


Talbot 


147 


101 


Marsh (Broad Creek) 


34 


38 


44 


76 


13 


Talbot 


165 


109 


Marsh (Manokin River) 


7 


38 


08 


75 


53 


Somerset 


20 


42 


Marshall 


34 


38 


44 


76 


12 


Talbot 


162 


107 


Marshy 


32 


38 


57 


76 


14 


Queen Annes 


85 


79 


Martin (St. Marys River) 


24 


38 


12 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


77 


84 


Martin (Tred Avon River) 


34 


38 


43 


76 


09 


Talbot 


180 


117 


Mary 


37 


38 


32 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


56 


74 


Maryland 


3G, 37. 38 


38 


29 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


73 


58 


Mary land- Virginia (Life- 


15 


38 


02 


75 


15 


Worcester 


34 


39 


Saving Station Beach) 


















Maryland-Virginia (Pope 


15 


38 


02 


75 


15 


Worcest<!r 


35 


39 


Island) 


















MarylaniLVu'ginia (RaiL 


15 


38 


01 


75 


23 


Worcester 


36 


42 


road) 


















Maslin 


34, 35 


38 


40 


76 


08 


Talbot 


239 


138 


Matta 


31 


38 


54 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


50 


65 



' See Worcester County publication. 



' See St. Marys County publication. 



LANDMARKS. 
Alphabetical Index to Triangdlation Stations— (•oiitiiuiecl. 



63 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 
number of 












County 
index 
number 
by which 
indicated 
on Index 
Chart 


Geodetic 












Survey 
county pub- 


Name of station 


Maryland 

Oj'ster Chart 

on which 

shown 


Latiti 


^ie 


Longil 


utle 


Count y in which located 


lication of 

Survey of 

Oyster 

Bars on 

which loca- 


















tions are 


















described 






o 


, 


o 


/ 








Matter 


32 


38 


53 


76 


09 


Talbot 


6 


56 


May 


34 


38 


44 


76 


08 


Talbot 


190 


119 


Mayo 


3 


38 


55 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


84 


92 


Mean 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


08 


Talbot 


240 


138 


Melfield 


30 


39 


04 


76 


07 


Queen Anues 


23 


45 


Melon 


34 


38 


45 


76 


07 


Talbot 


197 


121 


Melton 


30 


39 


08 


76 


04 


Kent 


83 


82 


M. E. Church (Solomons) 


20 


38 


19 


76 


28 


Calvert 


23 


53 


M. E. Church (Tilghnian 


33 


38 


42 


76 


20 


Talbot 


88 


80 


Island) 


















M iles 


7 


38 


06 


76 


00 


Somerset 


16 


41 


Mileys 


25 


38 


16 


76 


43 


St, Marys 


158 


110 


M ill "( I,angford Creek) 


30 


39 


08 


76 


11 


Kent 


51 


64 


Mill ( Patuxent River) 


20 


38 


20 


76 


30 


St, Marys 


15 


51 


Mill (Chincoteague Bay) 


15 


38 


03 


75 


20 


Worcester 


33 


42 


Miller 


34 


38 


47 


76 


16 


Talbot 


110 


90 


Millwind 


32 


38 


48 


76 


13 


Talbot 


67 


72 


Mink 


34 


38 


47 


76 


17 


Talbot 


103 


89 


Mint 


39 


38 


21 


76 


14 


Dorchester 


87 


85 


M istle 


34 


38 


43 


76 


08 


Talbot 


215 


. 129 


Mitchell 


37 


38 


33 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


35 


06 


Mitchells Bhift 2 


28 


39 


13 


76 


14 


Kent 


3 


29 


Moke 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


07 


Talbot 


236 


137 


Money 


15 


38 


01 


75 


23 


Virginia 


16 


■41 


Monkey 


9 


37 


57 


75 


48 


Somerset 


49 


52 


Moon 


7 


38 


04 


75 


48 


Somerset 


37 


45 


Moore 


36, 37, 38 


38 


30 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


79 


59 


Morn 


32 


38 


53 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


127 


96 


Mort^fl 


19 


38 


29 


76 


39 


Calvert 


42 


39 


Mos 


10 


37 


54 


75 


40 


Virginia 

St. Mary.s 


10 


254 


Mouldy 


25 


38 


IG 


76 


38 


122 


97 


Mount Pleasant Church 


9 


37 


59 


75 


51 


Somerset 


44 


49 


Mount Vernon M. E. 


5 


38 


15 


75 


50 


Somerset 


4 


35 


Church 


















Mt. Zion M. E. Church 

Spire 
Mouth 


39,40 


38 


19 


76 


14 


Dorchester 


91 


87 


31 


38 


52 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


49 


64 


Mud (Tred Avon River) 


34 


38 


42 


76 


09 


Talbot 


219 


130 


Mud (Sinepuxent Bay) 


13 


38 


15 


75 


08 


Worcester 


18 


33 


Muddy 


29,30 


38 


59 


76 


14 


Queen Annes 


37 


36 


Mutton 


34 


38 


41 


76 


11 


Talbot 


178 


114 


Myrtle (Choptank River) 


35 


38 


39 


75 


58 


Dorchester 


1 


44 


Myrtle (Broad Creek) 


34 


38 


44 


76 


16 


Talbot 


124 


93 


Nanti 


12 


38 


14 


75 


54 


Wicomico 


8 


29 


Nanticoke Chiirch 


11,12 


38 


16 


75 


54 


Wicomico 


6 


26 


Narrows 


33 


38 


43 


76 


19 


Talbot 


92 


81 


Narrows Point 


29, 30 


39 


01 


76 


13 


Kent 


20 


40 


Nat (Langford Creek) 


30 


39 


08 


76 


11 


Kent 


50 


04 


Nat (Patuxent River) 


20 


38 


21 


76 


30 


St, Marvs 


14 


50 


Neck (Langford Creek) 


30 


39 


07 


76 


10 


Kent 


70 


72 


Neck (Tred Avon River) 


34 


38 


45 


76 


07 


Talb.it 


192 


120 


Neck (( 'hincoteague Bav) 


13 


38 


14 


75 


12 


Worcester 


23 


35 


Ned 


34 


38 


44 


76 


17 


Talbot 


129 


95 



I See Worcester County publication. 



* See Somerset County publication. 



64 



SUMMARY OF STTEVEV OF OVSTER BARS OF MARVI.AND. 
Alphabetical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 







Approximate geographic 
location 






Page of U.S. 
Coast and 




Chart 












County 


Geodetic 












Survey 




number of 












index 


county pub- 


Name of station 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which located 


number 
by which 


lication of 
Survey of 




on which 
sho\vn 


Latitude 


Longitude 




indicated 
on Index 


Oyster 
Bars on 
















Chart 


which loca- 
tions are 
described 


Needle 


31 


38 


54 


76 


17 


Queen Annes 


72 


74 


Neil 


37 


38 


32 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


57 


74 


Nellys 


13 


38 


16 


75 


09 


Worcester 


14 


32 


Nelson 3 


34 


38 


42 


76 


16 


Talbot 


122 


92 


Neptune 


34 


38 


47 


76 


15 


Talbot 


145 


101 


Nest 


30 


39 


08 


76 


09 


Kent 


58 


67 


Neva 


34 


38 


44 


76 


09 


Talbot 


197 


118 


New 


20 


38 


20 


76 


28 


Calvert 


25 


51 


New Barn ('iip:ila 


32 


38 


56 


76 


16 


Queen Annas 


80 


78 


New])oi-t 


13 


38 


14 


75 


14 


Worcester 


24 


36 


Newtciwn 


25 


38 


14 


76 


42 


St. Marys 


138 


103 


Nils 


(') 


39 


10 


76 


04 


Kent 


88 


86 


No 


. 32 


38 


55 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


100 


85 


No Road 


30 


39 


06 


76 


13 


Kent 


32 


52 


Noblee 


38 


38 


29 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


74 


81 


Nodim 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Talbot 


9 


57 


Noname 


25 


38 


16 


76 


38 


St. Marys 


129 


96 


Norman (Honofa River) 


40 


38 


15 


76 


06 


Dorchester 


112 


92 


Norman (Eastern Bav) 


32 


38 


55 


76 


16 


Queen Annes 


76 


76 


North 


39 


38 


21 


76 


16 


Dorchester 


88 


85 


North Beach Lite Savinp; 


13, 14 


38 


12 


75 


09 


Worcester 


21 


35 


Station. 


















North h u r c h Spire 


8 


38 


00 


76 


02 


Somerset 


56 


47 


(Smith Island) 


















North Point (Old Tower 


27 


39 


12 


76 


27 


Baltimore 


3 


26 


Foundation) 


















Nose 


32 


38 


52 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


92 


82 


Noth 


30 


39 


08 


76 


09 


Kent 


56 


66 


Nub 


32 


38 


53 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


129 


97 


Nut 


4 


38 


48 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


106 


99 


Oak 


24 


38 


07 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


52 


66 


Ocean 


13 


38 


19 


75 


05 


Worcester 


4 


27 


Ocean City Water Tower 


13 


38 


20 


75 


05 


Worcester 


2 


26 


Oil 


10 


37 


57 


75 


41 


Virginia 


13 


254 


Okahanikan 


42 


38 


11 


76 


05 


Dorchester 


94 


104 


Okay 


41 


38 


18 


75 


56 


Dorchester 


127 


97 


Old 


10 


37 


58 


75 


41 


Somerset 


51 


52 


Old Church Spire (Smith 


8 


37 


59 


76 


03 


Somerset 


57 


47 


Island) 


















Ollie 


32 


38 


49 


76 


12 


Talbot 


24 


64 


Oppkit 


19 


38 


27 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


6 


41 


Orb 


32 


38 


53 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


94 


83 


Orchard 


28,29 


39 


09 


76 


10 


Kent 


15 


36 


Otto 


32, 34 


38 


47 


76 


16 


Talbot 


109 


75 


Out 


24 


38 


07 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


46 


67 


Over 


32 


38 


56 


76 


16 


Queen Annes 


75 


76 


Overton 


30 


39 


02 


76 


12 


Kent 


22 


45 


Owe 


32 


38 


54 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


97 


84 


Oyster (('hester River) 


30 


39 


08 


76 


06 


Kent 


81 


80 


Oysters (Wye River) 


32 


38 


55 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


101 


86 


Pagan 


24 


38 


11 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


84 


81 


Parker (Herring Bay) 


4 


38 


46 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


108 


100 


Parker (Chesapeake Bay) 


17 


38 


32 


76 


31 


Calvert 


8 


30 



I See progress map of Kent County publication. 



: See Somerset County publications. 



LANDMARKS. 

Alphabetical Index to Thlangulation Stations — Continued. 



65 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 












County 


Geodetic 












Survey 




number of 












index 


county pub- 


Name of station 


Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

shown 










County in which located 


number 
by which 


lication of 
Survey of 




Latitude 


Longitude 




indicated 
on Inde.x 


Oyster 
Bars on 














Chart 


which loca- 


















tions are 


















described 






, 


, 


o 


, 








Parsona 


32 


38 


54 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


77 


77 


Parsons Island Water 


32 


38 


55 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


78 


77 


Tank 


















Pat 


20 


38 


22 


76 


23 


Calvert 


16 


57 


Patch 


17 


38 


33 


76 


31 


Calvert 


7 


29 


Paul (Honga River) 


40 


38 


17 


76 


07 


Dorchester 


109 


91 


Paul (Little Choptank 

River) 
Paw 


(■) 


38 


32 


76 


10 


Dorchester 


59 


75 


25 


38 


16 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


134 


99 


Peach 


30 


39 


06 


76 


10 


Kent 


72 


72 


Peach Hill 


2 


39 


05 


76 


25 


Anne Arundel 


5 


70 


Peak 


19 


38 


25 


76 


31 


Calvert 


34 


45 


Pearson 


32 


38 


51 


76 


15 


Talbot 


72 


74 


Peary 


34 


38 


43 


76 


14 


Talbot 


169 


110 


Peck 


34 


38 


42 


76 


10 


Talbot 


182 


116 


Peebee 


34 


38 


44 


76 


07 


Talbot 


191 


119 


Pen (Chesapeake Bay) 


17 


38 


34 


76 


31 


Calvert 


6 


29 


Pen (Manokin River) 


C) 


38 


09 


75 


47 


Somerset 


27 


43 


Peoples Chapel 


33 


38 


43 


76 


20 


Talbot 


91 


81 


Perry 


26 


38 


21 


76 


50 


St. Marys 


178 


119 


Phil (Magothy River) 


1 


39 


05 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


10 


69 


Phil (Little Choptank 

River) 
Philip (Langford Creek) 


37 


38 


34 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


42 


69 


30 


39 


09 


76 


09 


Kent 


64 


69 


Philip (Wye River) 


32 


38 


53 


76 


09 


Queen Annes 


125 


96 


Photo 


19 


38 


26 


76 


36 


Calvert 


38 


42 


Pick 


32 


38 


52 


76 


08 


Talbot 


1 


54 


Pier (Chesapeake Bay) 


16,17 


38 


36 


76 


30 


Calvert 


5 


28 


Pier (Smith Creek) 


24 


38 


07 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


42 


64 


Pine (Bretons Bay) 


25 


38 


16 


76 


38 


St. Marys 


123 


96 


Pine (Broad Creek) 


34 


38 


45 


76 


16 


Talbot 


132 


96 


Piney 


32 


38 


53 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


95 


83 


Piney Point Light 


24 


38 


08 


76 


32 


St. Marys 


113 


94 


Pink 


34 


38 


47 


76 


16 


Talbot 


111 


90 


Pipe 


24 


38 


07 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


41 


65 


Place 


25 


38 


17 


76 


42 


St. Marys 


149 


113 


Plain 


34 


38 


43 


76 


09 


Talbot 


184 


116 


Plow 


34 


38 


43 


76 


07 


Talbot 


209 


126 


Plum 3 


16 


38 


37 


76 


31 


Calvert 


4 


28 


Poco 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


07 


Talbot 


237 


137 


Point 


2 


39 


02 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


40 


79 


Point Agin 


21 


38 


11 


76 


21 


St. Marys 


28 


60 


Point Look-in 


22 


38 


06 


76 


20 


St. Marys 


33 


61 


Point Lookout Light 


22,23 


38 


02 


76 


19 


St. Marys 


35 


62 


Point No Point 


22 


38 


09 


76 


19 


St. Marys 


29 


60 


Point No Point Light 


22 


38 


08 


76 


17 


St. Marys 


30 


60 


Point of Rocks 


18 


38 


25 


76 


25 


Calvert 


13 


31 


Pole 


11 


38 


18 


75 


54 


Wicomico 


3 


26 


Pomona 


30 


39 


09 


76 


05 


Kent 


84 


83 


Pond 


24 


38 


08 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


92 


71 


Pont 


34 


38 


42 


76 


14 


Talbot 


172 


112 



I See progress map in Dorchester County publications. 
95112—13 5 



' See progress map in Somerset County publications. 



66 



SUMMABY OF SURVEY OF OYSTEE BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued, 







Approximate geographic | 






Page ot U.S. 






location 








Coast and 




Chart 










County i 


Geodetic 










Survey 




number of 










ho 


county pub- 


Name ol station ^ 


Maryland 
Dyster Chart 








County in which located 


by w-hich 
indicated 


lication of 
Survey of 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




on Index 
Chart 


Oyster 

Bars on 

which loca- 
















tions are 
















described 


Pooles Island 2 


27,28 


39 17 


76 


16 


Harford 


2 


'23 


Pooles Island Light 


27,28 


39 17 


76 


16 


Harford 


1 


'23 


Pope Island Life Saving 


15 


38 01 


75 


15 


Virginia 


20 


MO 


Station 
















Poplar 


18 


38 29 


76 


29 


Calvert 


10 


30 


Poplar South 


33 


38 45 


76 


23 


Talbot 


79 


77 


Potato 


34,35 


38 41 


76 


07 


Talbot 


232 


135 


Potomac 


22,23 


38 03 


76 


19 


St. Marys 


34 


62 


Pov 


37,38 


38 30 


76 


16 


Dorchester 


71 


80 


Prec 


26 


38 16 


76 


49 


St. Marys 


171 


124 


Price 


24 


38 08 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


94 


87 


Prickly 


7 


38 05 


75 


52 


Somerset 


34 


45 


Prince 


19,26 


38 32 


76 


41 


Prince George 


1 


»33 


Princess 


32 


38 53 


76 


09 


Queen Annes 


124 


95 


Profound 


25 


38 17 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


157 


111 


Protestant 


25 


38 15 


76 


41 


St. Marys 


118 


101 


Prussian 


30 


39 06 


76 


13 


Kent 


29 


51 


Purse 


2 


39 03 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


22 


73 


Quaker 


30 


39 06 


76 


10 


Kent 


74 


74 


Quarter 


32 


38 53 


76 


09 


Talbot 


8 


57 


Rabbit 


34 


38 46 


76 


17 


Talbot 


101 


88 


Raccoon 


35 


38 38 


75 


59 


Talbot 


264 


159 


Radcliffe 


34 


38 46 


76 


07 


Talbot 


195 


121 


Radec 


25 


38 17 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


156 


112 


Rag 


11 


38 18 


75 


54 


Wicomico 


5 


26 


Ragged Point 3 


36,37 


38 32 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


31 


57 


Rail (Swan Creek) 


28 


39 09 


76 


15 


Kent 


12 


34 


Railroad 


29,32 


38 58 


76 


14 


Queen Annes 


84 


36 


Rails (St. Clement Bay) 


25 


38 15 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


142 


107 


Railway Water Tank 


29 


39 02 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


40 


33 


Rain 


30 


39 01 


76 


12 


Kent 


21 


44 


Raley 


24 


38 09 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


58 


72 


Ran 2 


24 


38 08 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


49 


68 


Ray 


34 


38 45 


76 


14 


Talbot 


150 


102 


Reach Hammock 


9 


37 53 


75 


59 


Virginia 


7 


M8 


Rear 


35 


38 35 


76 


02 


Talbot 


257 


156 


Red 


35 


38 37 


76 


05 


Talbot 


254 


154 


Red Beacon (1908) 


24 


38 06 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


39 


63 


Rede 


36,37 


38 31 


76 


20 


Dorchester 


83 


60 


Reed (Chesapeake Bay) 


21 


38 12 


76 


22 


St. Marys 


27 


59 


Reeds (Chester River) 


30 


39 04 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


28 


42 


Revell 


2 


39 04 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


21 


73 


Rhode 


3 


38 52 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


94 


95 


Rice 


35 


38 38 


76 


07 


Talbot 


248 


152 


Rich Neck Water Tank 


31,32 


38 51 


76 


16 


Talbot 


74 


40 


Ricks 


14 


38 10 


75 


16 


Worcester 


26 


38 


Rieman 


32 


38 48 


76 


12 


Talbot 


34 


68 


Right 


32 


38 53 


76 


08 


Talbot 


3 


55 


Ring 


29 


39 01 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


43 


32 


Ritter 


34, 35 


38 41 


76 


07 


Talbot 


233 


136 


River Springs ("atholic 


25,26 


38 15 


76 


46 


St. Marys 


165 


126 


Chapel Cross 
















1 See Baltii 


more County 


aublication. 




' See Calvert Coimty publics 


tion. 




, ' See Wore 


ester County 


Dublication. 






' See Somerset County publi 


cation 





LANDMARKS. 
Alphabetical Index to Trianoulation Stations — Continued. 



67 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 
number of 












County 
index 


Geodetic 












Survey 
county pub- 


Name of station 


Maryland 

Oyster Chart 

on which 

shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 


County in which located 


by which 

indicated 

on Index 

Chart 


lication of 

Survey of 

Oyster 

Bars on 

which loca- 


















tions are 


















described 









, 


a 


/ 








Kiverview 


34,35 


38 


42 


76 


11 


Talbot 


221 


13 


Boar 


12 


38 


16 


75 


55 


Wicomico 


7 


28 


Roast 


41 


38 


17 


76 


02 


Dorchester 


116 


94 


Robertson (Chester River) 


(') 


39 


10 


76 


03 


Kent 


90 


87 


Robertson (Tred Avon 


34 


38 


44 


76 


08 


Talbot 


188 


118 


River) 


















Robertson Windmill 


(') 


39 


10 


76 


03 


Kent 


89 


86 


Robins 


36,37 


38 


34 


76 


19 


Dorchester 


30 


56 


Robrecht 


24 


38 


09 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


106 


90 


Rock 


24 


38 


10 


76 


26 


St. Marys 


65 


75 


Rock Point 


1,27 


39 


10 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


1 


67 


Rock Point Catholic 


26 


38 


16 


76 


50 


Charles 


16 


31 


Church Cross 


















Rod (Priest's House) 


24 


38 


09 


76 


26 


St. Marvs 


57 


71 


Rod (Harris Creek) 


32,34 


38 


48 


76 


16 


Talbot ' 


108 


75 


Rolphs 


e) 


39 


10 


76 


02 


Queen Annes 


1 


62 


Rool 


25 


38 


14 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


141 


107 


Room 


5 


38 


11 


75 


56 


Somerset 


10 


37 


Rose 


34 


38 


45 


76 


14 


Talbot 


137 


98 


Ross (Little Choptank 


37 


38 


33 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


41 


68 


River) 


















Ross (Broad Creek) 


34 


38 


44 


76 


14 


Talbot 


167 


109 


Royal 


34 


38 


46 


76 


14 


Talbot 


148 


102 


Roys 


34 


38 


42 


76 


14 


Talbot 


170 


111 


Run 


17,18 


38 


30 


76 


30 


Calvert 


9 


30 


Russell 


24 


38 


09 


76 


31 


St. Marys 


105 


91 


Ruth 


30 


39 


05 


76 


07 


Queen Annes 


24 


45 


St. Anne's Church Spire 


2 


38 


59 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


59 


85 


St. Catherine 


26 


38 


14 


76 


48 


St. Marys 


167 


127 


St. Clement 


25 


38 


14 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


140 


106 


St. George 4 


24 


38 


06 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


112 


93 


St. Inigoes Church Cross 


24 


38 


09 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


59 


73 


St. Jerome 


22 


38 


07 


76 


20 


St. Marys 


31 


01 


St. John's College Cupola 


'2 


38 


59 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


61 


85 


St. Margaret 2 


26 


38 


15 


76 


49 


St. Marys 


170 


125 


St. Michael Catholic 


22 


38 


07 


76 


22 


St. Marys 


32 


61 


Church Spire 


















St. Michaels P. E. Chiu-ch 


34 


38 


47 


76 


13 


Talbot 


65 


140 


Spire 
St. Michaels Water Tank 


















32,34 


38 


47 


76 


14 


Talbot 


66 


72 


St. Patrick 


25 


38 


14 


76 


44 


St. Marys 


162 


106 


St. Pierre 


7 


38 


08 


75 


51 


Somerset 


21 


42 


St. Thomas Church Spire 


40 


38 


16 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


111 


92 


Sacred Heart Church 


26 


38 


18 


76 


48 


St. Marys 


174 


122 


Spire (Bush wood) 


















Salt (Severn River) 


2 


39 


01 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


52 


83 


Salt (Sinepuxent River) 


13 


38 


14 


75 


09 


Worcester 


20 


34 


Sam 


9 


37 


55 


75 


53 


Somerset 


46 


50 


Samuel (Cox Creek) 


31 


38 


57 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


58 


68 


Samuel (Broad Creek) 


34 


38 


46 


76 


13 


Talbot 


156 


105 


Sand 


20 


38 


19 


76 


27 


Calvert 


22 


54 


Sandbar 


25 


38 


15 


76 


42 


St. Marys 


137 


102 


Sandy 


5,7 


38 


08 


75 


49 


Somerset 


23 


39 



' See progress map in Kent County publication. 



2 See progress map in Queen Annes County publication. 



68 



SUMMARY OP SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 







Approximate geographic ' 






PageofU.S. 








location 








Coast and 
















County 


Geodetic 












Survey 




Chart 












index 


county pub- 


Nsme of station 


number of 
Maryland 










County in which located 


number 
by which 


lication of 
Survey of 




Dyster Chart 


Latitude j 


Longitude | 




indicated 


Oyster 




on which 












on Index 


Bars on 




shown 












Chart 


which loca- 
tions are 
described 






□ 


, 


o 


, 








Sandy Point Light 


2 


39 


01 


76 


23 


Anne Arundel 


25 


74 


Sang 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


120 


94 


Sanpoi 


13 


38 


15 


75 


09 


Worcester 


17 


33 


Sara 


32 


38 


49 


76 


14 


Talbot 


70 


73 


Saw 


35 


38 


37 


75 


58 


Dorchester 


4 


45 


Saxis Church Spire 


10 


37 


55 


75 


43 


Virginia 


12 


154 


Sclioolhouse Cupola 


33 


38 


43 


76 


20 


Talbot 


90 


81 


Scot 


10 


37 


58 


75 


44 


Somerset 


50 


52 


Search 


34 


38 


47 


76 


10 


Talbot 


40 


142 


Seaside 


13 


38 


18 


75 


06 


^^'orcester 


9 


29 


Second 


32 


38 


48 


76 


12 


Talbot 


27 


65 


Selby 


3 


38 


55 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


85 


93 


Senator 


5,6,7 


38 


08 


76 


01 


Somerset 


15 


27 


Seth (Little Choptank 


37 


38 


34 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


48 


71 


River) 


















Seth (MOes River) 


32 


38 


50 


76 


15 


Talbot 


71 


74 


Seven Foot Knoll Light 


1,27 


39 


09 


76 


25 


Anne Arundel 


2 


68 


Shanks Hummock 2 


8 


37 


55 


76 


03 


Virginia 


4 


'47 


Sharkfin Shoal Light 


41 


38 


12 


75 


59 


Dorchester 


124 


103 


Sharp 


2 


39 


03 


76 


34 


Anne Arundel 


46 


81 


Sharps Island Light 


33,36 


38 


38 


76 


23 


Talbot 


85 


79 


Shaw 


32 


38 


52 


76 


11 


Talbot 


17 


60 


Shehan 


24 


38 


10 


76 


31 


St. Marys 


101 


92 


Shell (West River) 


3 


38 


51 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


97 


96 


Shell (Choptank River) 


35 


38 


35 


76 


00 


Dorchester 


9 


48 


Sheridan 


19 


38 


28 


76 


39 


Calvert 


41 


40 


Ship 


30 


39 


05 


76 


07 


Queen Annes 


21 


46 


Shippen 


30 


39 


07 


76 


06 


Kent 


80 


79 


Shipping 


25 


38 


16 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


159 


109 


Shoal 


35 


38 


34 


76 


03 


Dorchester 


12 


49 


Shore 


13 


38 


16 


75 


07 


Worcester 


13 


31 


Short 


5 


38 


12 


75 


53 


Somerset 


9 


37 


Show 


34,35 


38 


41 


76 


07 


Talbot 


234 


136 


Sie 
Sillery 


22,24 


38 


06 


76 


24 


St. Marys 


38 


63 


1,2 


39 


05 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


9 


69 


Skid 


36, 37, 38 


38 


30 


76 


20 


Dorchester 


82 


60 


Skinner 


34 


38 


45 


76 


15 


Talbot 


135 


97 


Sleep 


24 


38 


10 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


64 


76 


Slim 


19 


38 


25 


76 


35 


Calvert 


37 


43 


Smack 


24 


38 


07 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


110 


86 


Smith 


33 


38 


46 


76 


19 


Talbot 


96 


83 


Smith Point Light 


8,23 


37 


53 


76 


11 


Virginia 
St. Marys 


3 


2 63 


Smoke 


24 


38 


10 


76 


25 


62 


75 


Snout 


32 


38 


52 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


113 


91 


Snub 


30 


39 


06 


76 


11 


Kent 


39 


59 


Soak 


24 


38 


12 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


80 


84 


Sollers 


19,20 


38 


23 


76 


30 


Calvert 


31 


47 


Solomon 


37 


38 


34 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


47 


70 


Solomons Lump Light 


6,7 


38 


03 


76 


01 


Somerset 


17 


39 


Some 


31 


38 


55 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


52 


66 


Somers Cove Light 


9 


37 


58 


75 


53 


Somerset 


42 


49 


Sothoron 


19 


38 


30 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


1 


37 


Sound 


26 


38 


15 


76 


47 


St. Marys 


169 


126 


> See Somers 


3t County pul 


licatioD 








» See St. Marys County publi 


nation. 





LANDMARKS. 

Alphabetical Index to Triangdxation Stations — Continued. 



69 







Approximate geographic 






Page ot U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 
number ot 

Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which located 


County 
index 

number 
by which 
indicated 


Geodetic 


Name of station 










Survey 
county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 
Oyster 

which loca- 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




on Index 
Chart 


















tions are 


















described 


South (Barren Island) 


39 


38 


20 


76 


16 


Dorchester 


90 


85 


South (Wye River) 


32 


38 


52 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


114 


91 


Southeast 


(') 


39 


10 


76 


03 


Queen Annes 


2 


61 


Southern M. E. Church 


33 


38 


42 


76 


21 


Talbot 


83 


78 


Spaniard Pt. 2 Upper 


30 


39 


06 


76 


09 


Queen Annes 


17 


48 


Spar 

Spencer 

Spike 

Spin 

Spindle 

Spit 

Spree 

Spring (Severn River) 


32 


38 


49 


76 


13 


Talbot 


69 


73 


34 


38 


45 


76 


13 


Talbot 


161 


107 


28 


39 


09 


76 


15 


Kent 


11 


33 


34 


38 


43 


76 


09 


Talbot 


185 


117 


35 


38 


37 


75 


59 


Talbot 


262 


158 


2 


38 


59 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


29 


76 


34 


38 


47 


76 


10 


Talbot 


43 


143 


2 


39 


01 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


37 


78 


Spring (Grays Inn Creek) 
Stab 


30 
34 


39 
38 


06 
45 


76 
76 


13 

07 


Kent 
Talbot 


26 
193 


49 
120 


Staff 


7 


38 


08 


75 


50 


Somerset 


32 


44 


Star 


32 


38 


53 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


111 


90 


Starkley 
Start 


30 


39 


08 


76 


05 


Queen Annes 


10 


55 


2 


38 


58 


76 


28 


Anne Arundel 


63 


86 


State House Dome 


2 


38 


59 


76 


29 


Anne Arundel 


58 


85 


Steve 


31 


38 


57 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


61 


69 


Stevens 


29 


39 


07 


76 


15 


Kent 


18 


38 


Sticky 
Stock 


34 


38 


42 


76 


14 


Talbot 


173 


112 


20 


38 


22 


76 


31 


St. Marys 


12 


48 


Stoddard 


26 


38 


22 


76 


51 


Charles 


7 


25 


Stones 


25 


38 


18 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


151 


116 


Stony 

Stop 

Straight (Eastern Bay) 


34 


38 


47 


76 


12 


Talbot 


64 


150 


32 


38 


53 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


93 


82 


31 


38 


51 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


48 


64 


Straits (St. George River) 


24 


38 


08 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


108 


88 
75 


Stratton 


30 


39 


06 


76 


08 


Kent 


76 


Straw 


34,35 


38 


40 


76 


09 


Talbot 


227 


133 


Streett 


11 


38 


21 


75 


53 


Dorchester 


130 


99 


Stretch 


34 


38 


44 


76 


08 


Talbot 


189 


119 


Stump 
Stung 


20 


38 


22 


76 


29 


Calvert 


29 


48 


24 


38 


07 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


51 


67 


Summer 


10 


37 


56 


75 


40 


Virginia 


14 


» 53 


Swan (Severn River) 


2 


39 


03 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


43 


80 


Swan (St. George River) 


24 


38 


08 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


107 


89 
31 


Swan Point 3 


28 


39 


09 


76 


17 


Kent 


4 


Sweep 

Swep 

Swepson 


19 


38 


25 


76 


33 


Calvert 


36 


44 


37 


38 


33 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


53 


73 


30 


39 


05 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


19 


47 


Swing 
Switch 


32 


38 


48 


76 


12 


Talbot 


25 


64 


3 


38 


56 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


72 


89 


Sylvia 
Tab 


32 


■ 38 


52 


76 


10 


Talbot 


11 


58 


24 


38 


07 


76 


25 


St. Marys 


53 


64 


Taft 


34 


38 


45 


76 


13 


Talbot 


159 


106 


Tail 


2 


39 


04 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


18 


72 


Tall 


34 


38 


42 


76 


09 


Talbot 


183 


116 


Tang 
Tar 


34 


38 


47 


76 


09 


Talbot 


46 


145 


34 


38 


43 


76 


10 


Talbot 


181 


115 


Tarkhill 


24 


38 


09 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


98 


90 



1 See progress map in Queen Annes County publication. 



* See Somerset County publication. 



70 



SUMMAEY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Trianqulation Stations — Continued. 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








loca 


ion 








Coast and 




Chart 












Coimty 


Geodetic 












Survey 


Name ol station 


number of 

Maryland 

Oyster Chart 










County in which located 


number 
by which 
indicated 


cotmty pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




on Index 
Chart 


Oyster 
Bars on 
















which loca- 


















tions are 


















described 


Taste 


30 


39 


09 


76 


05 


Kent 


85 


84 


Tavern 


28 


39 


09 


76 


16 


Kent 


6 


32 


Taylor (South River) 


3 


38 


57 


76 


34 


Anne Arundel 


78 


91 


Taylor (Slaughter Creek) 


38 


38 


28 


76 


18 


Dorchester 


76 


82 


Taylor (St. George River) 


24 


38 


08 


76 


30 


St. Marys 


97 


89 


Teague 


26 


38 


32 


76 


40 


Charles 


2 


36 


Tenk 


31 


38 


50 


76 


22 


Queen Annes 


47 


64 


Tenuate 


24 


38 


12 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


81 


83 


Terrapin 


7 


38 


01 


75 


58 


Somerset 


18 


40 


Thelma 


34 


38 


46 


76 


14 


Talbot 


153 


104 


Then 


31 


38 


55 


76 


20 


Queen Annes 


51 


65 


Thin 


29 


38 


59 


76 


15 


Queen Annes 


38 


35 


Thomas 


3 


38 


54 


76 


27 


Anne Anmdel 


68 


88 


Thomas Point Shoal 

Light 
Thompson (Cox Creek) 


3 


38 


54 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


69 


88 


31 


38 


57 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


62 


69 


Thompson (St. Marys 


24 


38 


09 


76 


28 


St. Marys 


91 


72 


River) 


















Thorn 


30 


39 


07 


76 


07 


Kent 


79 


78 


Thoro 


41 


38 


20 


76 


01 


Dorchester 


119 


95 


Thorofaro 


(') 


38 


21 


75 


06 


Worcester 


37 


24 


Thorsten 


(-) 


39 


10 


76 


03 


Kent 


91 


87 


Timher 


31 


38 


57 


76 


18 


Queen Annes 


66 


71 


Tizz 


15 


38 


04 


75 


20 


Worcester 


32 


43 


Tobacco Stick 


37 


38 


32 


76 


14 


Dorchester 


69 


79 


Tobe 


34 


38 


45 


76 


15 


Talbot 


126 


94 


Tobine 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


119 


93 


Toddville M. E. Church 


40 


38 


18 


76 


04 


Dorchester 


117 


91 


Spire 


















Toe 


34 


38 


43 


76 


08 


Talbot 


206 


125 


Tolly 


3 


38 


57 


76 


27 


Anne Arundel 


65 


86 


Tom (Little Choptank 

River) 
Tom (Cox Creek) 


37 


38 


32 


76 


12 


Dorchester 


62 


76 


31 


38 


56 


76 


19 


Queen Aimes 


69 


72 


Tomakokin 


25 


38 


18 


76 


44 


St. Marys 


154 


114 


Ton 


20 


38 


21 


76 


28 


Calvert 


27 


50 


Toot 


35 


38 


36 


76 


08 


Dorchester 


21 


52 


Top 


31 


38 


55 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


54 


67 


Torrey 


36, 37, 38 


38 


30 


76 


16 


Dorchester 


72 


57 


Town (Little Choptank 


37 


38 


33 


76 


13 


Dorchester 


52 


72 


River) 


















Town (Patuxent River) 


20 


38 


19 


76 


29 


St. Marys 


17 


52 


Town (Tred Avon River) 


34 


38 


42 


76 


10 


Talbot 


220 


131 


Trappe 


35 


38 


38 


76 


07 


Talbot 


246 


151 


Travers 2 


38 


38 


28 


76 


20 


Dorchester 


85 


83 


Tray 


30 


39 


06 


76 


12 


Kent 


36 


53 


Treasure 


28,29 


39 


09 


76 


15 


Kent 


14 


36 


Tred 


34 


38 


42 


76 


11 


Talbot 


179 


115 


Trees 


25 


38 


16 


76 


39 


St. Marys 


133 


98 


Trent 


19 


38 


29 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


3 


39 


Trippe 


34 


38 


43 


76 


08 


Talbot 


207 


125 


Tug 
TuTl 


34 


38 


47 


76 


10 


Talbot 


41 


142 


31 


38 


56 


76 


17 


Queen Annes 


74 


74 



' See progress map in Kent County publication. 



' See progress map in Worcester County publication. 



LANDMARKS. 
Alphabetical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 



71 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 












County 


Geodetic 












Survey 




number of 












number 


county pub- 


Name of station 


Maryland 
Oyster Chart 










County in which located 


by which 
indicated 


lication of 
Survey of 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




on Index 
Chart 


Oyster 

Bars on 

which loca- 


















tions are 


















described 






o 


, 


o 


, 








Turf (Rhode River) 


3 


38 


53 


76 


31 


Anne Arundel 


92 


95 


Turf (St. Clement Bay) 


25 


38 


18 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


152 


115 


Turkey 


31 


38 


54 


76 


18 


Qiieen Annes 


71 


73 


Turn 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


121 


94 


Turnagain 


14,15 


38 


05 


75 


13 


\Vorcester 


30 


37 


Tuxon 


31 


38 


57 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


60 


69 


Twin 


34 


38 


43 


76 


08 


Talbot 


205 


125 


Twist 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


107 


88 


Twixt 


32 


38 


53 


76 


11 


Queen Annes 


110 


90 


Two 


32 


38 


49 


76 


11 


Talbot 


30 


66 


Up 


35 


38 


39 


75 


58 


Talbot 


266 


159 


Upper 


26 


38 


22 


76 


52 


Charles 


6 


24 


Urie 


28 


39 


09 


76 


15 


Kent 


9 


33 


Valley 


25 


38 


17 


76 


38 


St. Marys 


126 


94 


Valliant 


33 


38 


46 


76 


23 


Talbot 


78 


76 


Veith 


36, 37, 38 


38 


30 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


80 


59 


Venture 


34 


38 


43 


76 


07 


Talbot 


208 


126 


Venus 


34 


38 


46 


76 


15 


Talbot 


146 


101 


Villa (Miles River) 


32 


38 


48 


76 


07 


Talbot 


51 


71 


Ville (Cox Creek) 


31 


38 


57 


76 


18 


Queen Annes 


67 


71 


Vine 


33,34 


38 


46 


76 


18 


Talbot 


98 


83 


Vue 


34 


38 


42 


76 


13 


Talbot 


174 


113 


Wab 


(') 


38 


09 


75 


47 


Somerset 


26 


43 


Waggaman 


3 


38 


57 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


74 


89 


Waggaman Windmill 


3 


38 


57 


76 


32 


Anne Arundel 


73 


89 


Wall (St. George River) 


24 


38 


09 


76 


31 


St. Marys 


104 


92 


Wall (Tred Avon River) 


34 


38 


44 


76 


07 


Talbot 


201 


123 


Walnut 


5 


38 


15 


75 


48 


Somerset 


1 


33 


Wann 


30 


39 


08 


76 


09 


Kent 


68 


71 


Wap 


33 


38 


42 


76 


21 


Talbot 


82 


78 


War 


35 


38 


36 


75 


58 


Dorchester 


6 


46 


Ware 


31 


38 


56 


76 


19 


Queen Annes 


55 


67 


Warrior 


33 


38 


45 


76 


18 


Talbot 


118 


85 


Wash 


29,31 


38 


58 


76 


21 


Queen Annes 


44 


»75 


Water 


34 


38 


45 


76 


07 


Talbot 


194 


120 


Water Tower (Porto Bello) 


24 


38 


11 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


87 


78 


Waterloo 


26 


38 


14 


76 


47 


St. Marys 


166 


127 


Watermelon Hummock 


9 


37 


57 


75 


50 


Somerset 


47 


51 


Weather Bureau Staff 


34,35 


38 


41 


76 


10 


Talbot 


222 


131 


Weave 


34 


38 


43 


76 


09 


Talbot 


204 


124 


Weeks 


30 


39 


05 


76 


12 


Kent 


25 


49 


Weems 


2 


39 


00 


76 


30 


Anne Arundel 


54 


84 


Weiss 


26 


38 


17 


76 


49 


St. Marys 


173 


123 


Welch 


2 


39 


04 


76 


26 


Anne Arundel 


7 


70 


West 


30 


39 


08 


76 


10 


Kent 


52 


64 


West Hollow 


24 


38 


12 


76 


27 


St. Marys 


83 


82 


Westcotts Windmill 


30 


39 


07 


76 


07 


Kent 


77 


76 


Whale (Langford Creek) 


30 


39 


09 


76 


11 


Kent 


47 


63 


WTiale (Wye River) 


32 


38 


53 


76 


08 


Talbot 


5 


56 


Wharf (Saxis Pier) 


10 


37 


56 


75 


44 


Virginia 


11 


'54 


What 


25 


38 


15 


76 


40 


St. Marys 


119 


100 



1 See progress map in Somerset County publication, 
s See Anne Arundel County publication. 
3 See Somerset County publication. 



72 



SUMMARY OF SXJEVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 
Alphabetical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 







Approximate geographic 






Page of U.S. 








location 








Coast and 




Chart 
number of 












County 
index 
number 


Geodetic 












Survey 
county pub- 
lication of 
Survey of 
Oyster 
Bars on 
which loca- 


Name of station 


Maryland 










Coimty in which located 


by which 




Oyster Chart 












indicated 




on which 
shown 


Latitude 


Longitude 




on Index 
Chart 


















tions are 


















described 


Wheat 


19,20 


38 


23 


76 


31 


Calvert 


33 


46 


Wheel 


32 


38 


53 


76 


08 


Queen Annes 


130 


98 


Whit 


34 


38 


47 


76 


09 


Talbot 


44 


144 


White 


12 


38 


14 


75 


54 


\\'icomico 


9 


29 


White House (N. E. 


18,20 


38 


23 


76 


24 


Calvert 


15 


32 


Chimney) 


















Whitehall 


35 


38 


35 


76 


00 


Dorchester 


10 


48 


Whitewash 


36,37,38 


38 


29 


76 


17 


Dorchester 


78 


58 


Wick 


35 


38 


37 


75 


58 


Dorchester 


5 


45 


Wickes Beach 


29 


39 


02 


76 


15 


Kent 


19 


40 


Wide 


32 


38 


53 


76 


10 


Queen Annes 


108 


98 


Wildcat 


15 


37 


59 


75 


19 


Virginia 


19 


'40 


Will 


10 


37 


57 


75 


40 


Somerset 


52 


53 


Willey 


34 


38 


45 


76 


14 


Talbot 


151 


103 


Willis 


34 


38 


47 


76 


15 


Talbot 


144 


100 


Wilmers 


(') 


39 


10 


76 


03 


Queen Annes 


3 


60 


Wilson 2 


18 


38 


26 


76 


27 


Calvert 


12 


31 


Wind 


5 


38 


14 


75 


52 


Somerset 


6 


35 


Windmill 2 


40 


38 


16 


76 


09 


Dorchester 


108 


91 


Windmill Point 


29 


39 


08 


76 


15 


Kent 


17 


37 


Wire 


34 


38 


44 


76 


16 


Talbot 


127 


94 


WoU 


30 


39 


08 


76 


09 


Kent 


59 


67 


Won 


32 


38 


52 


76 


12 


Queen Annes 


91 


81 


Wood (Miles Kiver) 


32 


38 


50 


76 


12 


Talbot 


22 


63 


Woodill 


34 


38 


46 


76 


15 


Talbot 


141 


99 


Woods (St. Clement Bay) 


25 


38 


15 


76 


43 


St. Marys 


160 


108 


Wool 


37 


38 


31 


76 


15 


Dorchester 


70 


80 


Worton Point 2 


28 


39 


19 


76 


11 


Kent 


1 


28 


Wroten 


40 


38 


19 


76 


11 


Dorchester 


104 


89 


Ximo 


3 


38 


57 


76 


33 


Anne Arundel 


76 


90 


Yazoo 


3 


38 


57 


76 


34 


Anne Arundel 


77 


90 



' See Worcester County publication. 



> Bee progress map in Queen Annes County publication. 



I 



LANDMARKS. 
U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY TRIANGULATION STATIONS. 

NUMERICAL INDEX. 

Note. — See Alphabetical Index for other references relating to triangulation stations. 
ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 


-Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


station 




.station 




station 




on Index 




on Index 




on Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




1 


Rock Point 


39 


Chase (Severn River) 


74 


Waggaman 


2 


Seven Foot Knoll 


40 


Point 


75 


Ginger 




Light 


41 


Bight 


76 


Ximo 


3 


Bodkin Point (Old 


42 


Arnold 


77 


Yazoo 




Tower) 


43 


Swan (Severn River) 


78 


Taylor (South River) 


4 


Locust (Chesapeake 


44 


High (Severn River) 


1 79 i Larramore 




Bay) 


45 


Cedar (Severn River) 


80 1 Brewer (South River) 


5 


Peach Hill. 


46 


Sharp 


81 1 Almshouse (Lightning 


6 


Baltimore Light 


47 


Long (Severn River) 


1 Rod) 


7 


Welch. 


48 


Island (Severn River) 


82 1 Almshouse 


8 


Bluff (Magothy River) 


49 


Bay (Severn River) 


83 ' Cedar (South River) 


9 


Sillery 


50 


Brewer (Severn River) 


84 


Mayo 


10 


Phil (Magothy River^ 


! 51 


Clem 


85 


Selby 


11 


Bay (Magothy River) 


52 


Salt (Severn River) 


86 


Gowan 


12 


Hickory 


53 


Luce 


i 87 


Dutchman 


13 


Dobbins 


[ 54 


Weems 


88 ! Cato 


14 


Iron 


55 


Field 


89 Delta (Rhode River) 


15 


Ham (Magothy River^ 


56 


Hospital Cupola (Na- 


90 ' Etna 


16 


Bank (Magothy River) 




val Academy) 


91 i Calf 


17 


Horn (Magothy River) 


57 


Flag Staff (Naval 


92 ' Turf (Rhode River) 


18 


Tail 




Academy Boathouse) 


93 ; Cupola (Rhode River) 


19 


Ferry (Magothy River) 


58 


State House Dome 


94 


Rhode 


20 


Huddle 


i 59 


St. Anne's Church 


\ 95 


Ches 


21 


Revell 




Spire 


96 


Alpha 


22 


Purse 


60 


Catholic Church Spire 


97 


Shell (West River) 


23 


Magothv 

Corn (Chesapeake Bay) 




(Annapolis) 


' 98 


Counallor 


24 


61 


St. John's College Cu- 


99 


Chalk 


25 


Sandy Point Light 




pola 


100 ' Lerch Windmill 


26 


Bay Side 


i 62 


Horn (Severn River) 


101 1 Apple 


27 


Clump (Chesapeake 


63 


Start 


102 Cove 




Bay) 


64 


Gram (Severn River) 


103 : Curtis 


28 


Hackett 


I 65 


Tollv 


104 1 Horseshoe (Chesapeake 


29 


Spit 


66 


Bay Ridge Stack 


! Bay) 


30 


Chase (Whitehall Bay) 


67 


Cottage (Chesapeake 


105 1 Franklin 


31 


Greenbury 




Bay) 


106 j Nut 


32 


Greenbury Point Light 


68 


Thomas 


107 Broad (Chesapeake 


33 


Fort (Severn River) 


69 


Thomas Point Shoal 


' Bay) 


34 


Bluff (Severn River) 




Light 


108 i Parker (Herring Bay) 


35 


Brice 


70 


Arundel 


109 1 Hopkins (Herring Bay) 


36 


Knob 


71 


Hill 


110 Fairhaven 


37 Spring (Severn River) 


72 


Switch 


111 ' Holland (Chesapeake 


38 ! Cool 


73 


Waggaman Windmill 


Bay) 


BALTIMORE COUNTY. 


1 


Craighill Channel 


3 


North Point (Old Tow- 


5 


Fort Howard Taller 




Light (Rear Range) 




er Foundation) 




Water Tank 


2 


Craighill Channel 


4 


Cutoff Channel Light 


6 


Cutoff Channel Light 




Light (Front Range) 




(Front Range) 




(Rear Range) 



74 



SUMMARY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 



NuMEHicAL Index to Thiangulation Stations — Continued. 

CALVERT COUNTY. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


station 




station 




station 




on Index 




on Index 




on Index 




Chart 




Cliart 




Chart 




1 


Hog Point (Holland 3) 


16 


Pat 


32 


Mackall 


2 


Beach (C h e s apeak e 


17 


Drum Point Light 


33 


Wheat 




Bay) 


18 


Bareda House Cupola 


84 


Peak 


3 


1112 


19 


Bon 


35 


Island (Patuxent 


4 


Plum 3 


20 


Fishstack 




River) 


5 


Pier (Chesapeake Bay^ 


21 


K. of P. Flagstaff (Solo- 


36 


Sweep 


6 


Pen (Chesapeake Bay) 




mons) 


37 


Slim 


7 


Patch 


22 


Sand 


38 


Photo 


8 


Parker (Chesapeake 


23 


M. E. Church (Solo- 


39 


Battle 




Bay) 




mons) 


40 


Kitt (Patu.xent River) 


9 


Run 


24 


Catholic Church Cross 


41 


Sheridan 


10 


Poplar 


25 


New 


42 


Morsel 


11 


Flag Pond 


26 


Bur 


43 


Buzz 


12 


Wilson 2 


27 


Ton 


44 


Dwarf 


13 


Point of Rocks 


28 


Hellen 


45 


Hallowing 


14 


Cove Point Light 


29 


Stump 


46 


Buena 


15 


White House (N. E. 


30 


Lend 


47 


Leitch 




Chimney) 


31 


Sellers 







CHARLES COUNTY. 



1 


Fodder 


7 


Stoddard 


14 


Charles (Wicomico 


2 


Teague 


8 


Hayden 




River) 


3 


City 


9 


Bun- 


15 


Hard 


4 


Catholic Church Cross 


10 


Bowman 


16 


Rock Point Catholic 




(Benedict) 


11 


Eedling 




Church Cross 


5 


Indian (Patuxent 


12 


Gust 


17 


Corner (Wicomico 




River) 


13 


Hedney 




River) 


6 


Upper 






18 


Cobb Point Bar Light 



DORCHESTER COUNTY. 



1 


Myrtle (Choptank 


19 


Dicks Water Tank 


40 


Greenwell 




River) 


20 


Howard (Choptank 


41 


Ross (Little Choptank 


2 


Hut 




River) 




River) 


3 


House 


21 


Toot 


42 


Phil (Little Choptank 


4 


Saw 


22 


Le Compte 




River) 


5 


Wick 


23 


Large Water Tank 


43 


Dupont 


6 


War 


24 


Castle 


44 


Beckwith 


7 


Gander 


25 


Corner (Choptank 


45 


Cherry Island Water 


8 


Chief 




River) 




Tank 


9 


Shell (Choptank 


26 


Dot 


46 


Lee 




River) 


27 


Chef 


47 


Solomon 


10 


Whitehall 


28 


Cook Point Windmill 


48 


Seth (Little Choptank 


11 


Ferry (Choptank 


29 


Brannock 




River) 




River) 


30 


Robins 


49 


Adam 


12 


Shoal 


31 


Ragged Point 3 


50 


Layton 


13 


E. Cambridge Spire 


32 


Hudson 


51 


Da\dd 


14 


E. Cambridge Tall 


33 


Jenifer 


52 


Town (Little Choptank 




Stack 


34 


Henry 




River) 


15 


Cambridge Stand Pipe 


35 


Mitchell 


53 


Swep 


16 


Cambridge 


36 


Back 


54 


Hugh 


17 


Hambrooks Bar Bea- 


37 


Bayly 


55 


Etta 




con 


38 


Carrie 


56 


Mary 


18 


Command 


39 


LouiBe 


57 


Neil 



LANDMARKS. 



75 



Numerical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 
DORCHESTER COUNTY— Continued. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


station 




station 




station 




on Index 




on Index 




on Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




58 


Kirby 


82 


Skid 


106 


Lakes 


59 


Paul (Little Chop tank 


83 


Rede 


107 


Asquith 




Kiver) 


84 


James (Chesapeake 


108 


Windmill 2 


60 


Church Creek (No 1 




Bay) 


109 


Paul (Honga River) 




West) 


85 


Travers 2 


110 


Duck (Honga River) 


61 


Austin 


86 


Dunnock 


111 


St. Thomas Church 


62 


Tom (Little Choptank 


87 


Mint 




Spire 




River) 


88 


North 


112 


Norman (Honga River) 


63 


Brooks 


89 


Hosier Memorial 


113 


Hooper Strait Light 


64 


Doctor (Little Chop- 




Church Spire 


114 


Head 




tank River) 


90 


South (Barren Island) 


115 


Croch 


65 


Eleanor 


91 


Mt. Zion M. E. Church 


116 


Roast 


66 


Laney 




Spire 


117 


Toddville M. E. 


67 


Mac 


92 


Hooper Island Light 




Church Spire 


68 


Madison Southern M. 


93 


Applegarth 


118 


Farm 




E. Church Spire 


94 


Okahanikan 


119 


Thoro 


69 


Tobacco Stick 


95 


Holland Island Church 


120 


High (Jionga River) 


70 


Wool 




Spire 


121 


Elliott 


71 


Pov 


96 


Crab 


122 


Ear 


72 


Torrey 


97 


Hopkins Memorial 


123 


FLsh 


73 


Maryland 




Church Cupola 


124 


Sharkfin Shoal Light 


74 


Noblee 


98 


Hoopersville Methodist 


125 


Frog 


75 


Finish 




Church Cupola 


126 


Cow 


76 


Taylor (Slaughter 


99 


Bentley 


127 


Okay 




Creek) 


100 


Bridge (Honga River) 


128 


Ar 


77 


Harrington 


101 


Gunners 


129 


Gover 


78 


Whitewash 


102 


Keenes 


130 


Streett 


79 


Moore 


103 


Kerwiii 






80 


Veith 


104 


Wroten 






81 


Can 


105 


Charles (Houga River) 







HARFORD COUNTY. 



1 Pooles Island I^ight 



2 Pooles Island 2 



KENT COUNTY. 



1 


Worton Point 2 


17 


Windmill Point 


31 


Herring 


2 


Bramble 


18 


Stevens 


32 


No Road 


3 


Mitchells Bluff 2 


19 


Wickes Beach 


33 


Cut 


4 


Swan Point 3 


20 


Narrows Point 


34 


Fore 


5 


Bank (Swan Creek) 


21 


Rain 


35 


Island (Grays Inn 


6 


Tavern 


22 


Overton 




Creek) 


7 


Fork 


23 


Bay Bush Point 


36 


Tray 


8 


Elliason 


24 


Little Gum 


37 


Inn 


9 


Urie 


25 


Weeks 


38 


Deep Cove 


10 


Corr 


26 


Spring (Grays Inn 


39 


Snub 


11 


Spike 




Creek) 


40 


Lawyer 


12 


Rail (Swan Creek) 


27 


Lucy 


41 


Drum (Langford Creek) 


13 


Haven 


28 


Goose (Grays Inn 


42 


Davis 


14 


Treasure 




River) 


43 


Isle 


15 


Orchard 


29 


Prussian 


44 


Ea^le (Langford Creek) 


16 


Gratitude 


30 


Gray 


45 


Ford (Langford Creek) 



76 



SXTMMABY OF SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 



Numerical Index to Triangulation Stations— Continued. 
KENT COUNTY— Continued. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


station 




station 




station 




on Index 




on Index 




on Index 




Chart 




Cliart 




Chart 




46 


Kinsley 


61 


Clay 


77 


Westcotts Windmill 


47 


Whale (Langford 


62 


Lovely 


78 


Deep Point 2. 




Creek) 


63 


Gut 


79 


Thorn. 


48 


Bungay 


64 


Philip (Langford 


80 


Shippen 


49 


Locust (Langford 




(!reek) 


81 


Oyster (Chester River) 




Greek) 


65 


Ide 


82 


Jarrett 


50 


Nat (Langford Creek) 


66 


Hoo 


83 


Melton 


51 


Mill (Langford Creek) 


67 


Cult 


84 


Pomona 


52 


West 


68 


Wann 


85 


Taste 


53 


Homor 


69 


Corn (Langford Creek) 


86 


Make 


54 


King 


70 


Neck (Langford Creek) 


87 


Broad (Chester River) 


55 


Ash 


71 


Major 


88 


Nils 


56 


Noth 


72 


Peach 


89 


Robertson Windmill 


57 


Leary 


73 


Langford 


90 


Robertson (Chester 


58 


Nest 


74 


Quaker 




River) 


59 


Woll 


76 


Brown 


91 


Thorsten 


60 


Harp 


76 


Strattou 


92 


Blank 



PRINCE GEORGE COUNTY. 



Prince 



QUEEN ANNES COUNTY. 



1 


Rolphs 


30 


Crow 


59 


Liver 


2 


Southeast 


31 


Bird 


60 


Tuxon 


3 


Wilmers 


32 


Gordon 


61 


Steve 


4 


Julius 


33 


Fir. 


62 


Thompson (Cox Creek) 


5 


Down 


34 


Bre.ak 


63 


Hope 


6 


Bill 


35 


Blakeford 


64 


Knock 


7 


Cake 


36 


Bluebeard 


65 


Landing 


8 


Journey 


37 


Muddy 


66 


Timber 


9 


Booker 


38 


Thin 


67 


Ville (Cox Creek) 


10 


Starkley 


39 


Macum 


68 


Greek 


11 


Bums 


40 


Railway Water Tank 


69 


Tom (Cox Creek) 


12 


Ashland 


41 


Amour 


70 


Dell 


13 


Indian (Chester River) 


42 


Love Point Light 


71 


Tiirkey 


14 


Corpse 


43 


Ring 


72 


Needle 


15 


Chester (Chester 


44 


Wash 


73 


Cox (Crab Alley Bay) 




River) 


45 


Craney 


74 


Tull 


16 


Evans 


46 


Bloody Point Bar 


75 


Over 


17 


Spaniard Pt. (2 Upper) 




Light 


76 


Norman (Eastern Bay) 


18 


Corsica 


47 


Tenk 


77 


Parsons 


19 


Swepson 


48 


Straight (Eastern Bay) 


78 


Parsons Island Water 


20 


Engineer 


49 


Mouth 




Tank 


21 


Ship 


50 


Matta 


79 


Alley 


22 


Bath 


51 


Then 


80 


New Barn Cujiola 


23 


Melfield 


52 


Some 


81 


Dull 


24 


Ruth 


53 


Batts 


82 


Kirwan 


25 


Hydrographic 


54 


Top 


83 


Bridge (Kent Island 


26 


Earle (Corsica River) 


55 


Ware 




Narrows) 


27 


Holton Point 


56 


Coffee 


84 


Railroad 


28 


Reeds (Chester River) 


57 


Here 


85 


Marshy 


29 


Grove (Reeds Creek) 


58 


Samuel (Cox Creek) 


86 


Bonnet 



LANDMARKS. 



77 



NuMEBiCAX Index to Teiangulation Stations — Continued. 
QUEEN ANNES COUNTY— Continued. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


station 




station 




station 




on Index 




on Index 




on Index 




Chart 




Ciiart 




Chart 




87 


Brian Reference Sta- 


101 


Oysters (Wye River) 


116 


Albert 




tion 


102 


Bee 


117 


Le Seur 


88 


Green (Eastern Bay) 


103 


Close 


118 


Attila 


89 


Benn 


104 


June 


119 


Tobine 


90 


Hough 


105 


Chin 


120 


Sang 


91 


Won 


106 


Aller 


121 


Turn 


92 


Nose 


107 


Twist 


122 


Go 


93 


Stop 


108 


Wide 


123 


Divide 


94 


Orb 


109 


Darce 


124 


Princess 


95 


Piney 


110 


Twixt 


125 


Philip (Wye River) 


96 


Ferry (Wye River; 


111 


Star 


126 


Granary 


97 


Owe 


112 


Leaven 


127 


Morn 


98 


Hook 


113 


Snovit 


128 


Bush 


99 


Knee 


114 


South (Wye River) 


129 


Nub 


100 


No 


115 


Flat (Wye River) 


130 


Wheel 



ST. MARYS COUNTY. 



1 


Sothoron 


37 


Hall House (Middle 


72 


Brome 


2 


BUliard 




Chimney) 


73 


Calvert Monument 


3 


Trent 


38 


Sig 


74 


Episcopal Church Cross 


4 


Collins 


39 


Red Beacon (1908) 




(Old St. Marys) 


5 


Cremona 


40 


Dago 


75 


Bend 


6 


Oppkit 


41 


Pipe 


76 


Horseshoe (St. Marys 


7 


Fight 


42 


Pier (Smith Creek) 




River) 


8 


Forr 


43 


Enough 


77 


Martin (St. Marvs Riv- 


9 


Cole 


44 


Drum (Smith Creek) 




er) 


10 


HutcMns 


45 


In 


78 


Hammett 


11 


Bars 


46 


Out 


79 


McCoy 


12 


Stock 


47 


Jutland 


80 


Soak 


13 


Briscoe 


48 


Flagpole 


81 


Tenuate 


14 


Nat (Patuxent River) 


49 


Ran 2 


82 


Brief 


15 


Mill (Patuxent River) 


50 


Flat (Smith Creek) 


83 


West Hollow 


16 


Cable 


51 


Stung 


84 


Pagan 


17 


Town (Patuxent Riv- 


52 


Oak 


85 


Deep 
McKay 




er) 


53 


Tab 


86 


18 


Crane 


54 


Day 


87 


Water Tower (Porto 


19 


Ben 


55 


Between 




Bello) 


20 


Craddock 


56 


Fort (St. Marys River) 


88 


Bello 


21 


Carroll 2 


57 


Rod (Priest's House) 


89 


Coppage 


22 


Hog 2 


58 


Raley 


90 


Grind 


23 


Cedar Point Light 


59 


St. Inigoes Church 


91 


Thompson (St. Marys 


24 


Cain 




Cross 




River) 


25 


Desert 


60 


Church 


92 


Pond 


26 


Ford (Chesapeake Bay) 


61 


Grason 


93 


Cherry 


27 


Reed (Chesapeake Bay) 


62 


Smoke 


94 


Price 


28 


Point Agin 


63 


Chestnut 


95 


Goose (St. George Riv- 


29 


Point No Point 


64 


Sleep 
Rock 




er) 


30 


Point No Point Light 


65 


96 


Combs (Honga River) 


31 


St. Jerome 


66 


Dusky 


97 


Taylor (St. George 


32 


St. Michael Catholic 


67 


Cottage (St. Inigoes 




River) 




Church Spire 




Creek) 


98 


Tarkhill 


33 


Point Look-in 


68 


Inigoes 


99 


Arbuckle 


34 


Potomac 


69 


Kennedy 


100 


Lowell 


35 


Point Lookout Light 


70 


Chan 


101 


Shehan 


36 


Hall (Potomac River) 


71 


Gravel 


102 


Chad wick 



78 



SUMMARY OP SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 



Numerical Index to Triangulation Stations — Continued. 

ST. MARYS COUNTY— Continued. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


station 




station 




station 




on Index 




on Index 




on Index 




Cliart 




Chart 




Chart 




103 


Guither 


131 


Healey (Bretons Bay) 


157 


Profound 


104 


Wall (St. George Riv- 


132 


Hollow 


158 


Mileys 




er) 


133 


Trees 


159 


Shipping 


105 


Russell 


134 


Paw 


160 


Woods (St. Clement 


106 


Robrecht 


135 


Cherry Cove 




Bay) 


107 


Swan (St. George 


136 


Compton 


161 


Canoe 




River) 


137 


Sandbar 


162 


St. Patrick 


108 


Straits (St. George 


138 


Newtown 


163 


Blakistone Island 




River) 


139 


Kaywood 




Light 


109 


Adams 


140 


St. Clement 


164 


Heron 


110 


Smack 


141 


Roof 


165 


River Springs Catholic 


111 


Labor 


142 


Rails (St. Clement 




Chapel Cross 


112 


St. George 4 




Bay) 


166 


Waterloo 


113 


Piney Point Light 


143 


Catholic Church Cross 


167 


St. Catherine 


114 


Cedoak 




(Newtown Neck) 


168 


Bailey 


115 


Grove (Bretons Bay) 


144 


Chapel 


169 


Sound 


116 


Dune 


145 


Mansion 


170 


St. Margaret 2 


117 


Fence 


146 


Howards (St. Clement 


171 


Prec 


118 


Protestant 




Bay) 


172 


Blakistone 


119 


What 


147 


Bank (St. Clement 


173 


Weiss 


120 


Lovers 




Bay) 


174 


Sacred Heart Church 


121 


Beau 


148 


Cecil 




Spire (Bushwood) 


122 


Mouldy 


149 


Place 


175 


Lyon 


123 


Pine (Bretons Bay) 


150 


Guest 


176 


Farr 


124 


Cedar (Bretons Bay) 


151 


Stones 


177 


Fact 


125 


Corn (Bretons Bay) 


152 


Turf (St. Clement Bay) 


178 


Perry 


126 


Valley 


153 


Dynard 


179 


Cohouck 


127 


Foxwell 


154 


Tomakokin 


180 


Key 


128 


Buzzard 


155 


Cobrums 


181 


Barber (Wicomico 


129 


Noname 


156 


Radec 




River) 


130 


Belle 











SOMERSET COUNTY. 



1 


Walnut 


23 


Sandy 


43 


Emanuel Church 


2 


Jones 


24 


Locust (M a n k i n 


44 


Mount Pleasant 


3 


Ivee 




River) 




Church 


4 


Mount Vernon M. E. 


25 


Fitz 


45 


Asbury Church 




Church 


26 


Wab 


46 


Sam 


5 


Ball (Wicomico River) 


27 


Pen (Manokin River) 


47 


Watermelon H u m - 


6 


Wind 


28 


Cox (Manokin River) 




mock 


7 


Little 


29 


Green (Manokin 


48 


East 


8 


Dove 




River) 


49 


Monkey 


9 


Short 


30 


Barn 


50 


Scot 


10 


Room 


31 


Cupola (Manokin 


51 


Old 


11 


Haines 




River) 


52 


Will 


12 


Deal Island Church 


32 


Staff 


53 


Holland Island Bar 


13 


Bar (Tangier Sound) 


38 


Fairmount Church 




Light 


14 


Joshua 


34 


Prickly 


54 


Fog 2 


15 


Senator 


35 


Has 


55 


Joseph 


16 


Miles 


36 


Ford (Big Annemes- 


56 


North Church Spire 


17 


Solomons Lump Light 




sex River) 




(Smith Island) 


18 


Terrapin 


37 


Moon 


57 


Old Church Spire 


19 


Kelley 


38 


Colburn 




(Smith Island) 


20 


Marsh (M a n o k i n 


39 


Geog 


58 


Ewell Church Spire 




River) 


40 


Flat Cap 




(Smith Island) 


21 


St. Pierre 


41 


Janes Island Light 






22 


Jean 


42 


Somers Cove Light 







LANDMAEKS. 



79 



Numerical Index to Tbiangulation Stations — Continued. 

TALBOT COUNTY. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicatmg 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


station 




station 




station 




on Index 




on Index 




on Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




1 


Pick 


58 


Kirk 


112 


Bozman 


2 


Corner (Wye River) 


59 


Ham (Miles River) 


113 


Bozman M. E. Church 


3 


Right 


60 


Comb (Miles River) 




Spire 


4 


Chew 


61 


Hall (Miles River) 


114 


Koot 


5 


Whale (Wye River) 


62 


Bariiett 


115 


Fox 


6 


Matter 


63 


Maiden 


116 


Dan 


7 


Deck 


64 


Stony 


117 


Edmond 


8 


Quarter 


65 


St. Michaels P. E. 


118 


Warrior 


9 


Nodim 




Church Spire 


119 


Ball (Harris Creek) 


10 


Gusta 


66 


St. Michaels Water 


120 


Hen 


11 


Sylvia 




Tank 


121 


Change 1910 


12 


Baldwins 


67 


Millwind 


122 


Nelson 3 


13 


Cousin 


68 


Deewat 


123 


Annette 


14 


Lloyd 


69 


Spar 


124 


Myrtle (Broad Creek) 


15 


Edward 


70 


Sara 


125 


Coal 


16 


Colonel 


71 


Seth (Miles River) 


126 


Tobe 


17 


Shaw 


72 


Pearson 


127 


Wire 


18 


Bruffs 


73 


Dixon 


128 


Blanco 


19 


Law 


74 


Rich Neck AVater Tank 


129 


Ned 


20 


James (Miles River) 


75 


Kemp Tower 


130 


Caulk 


21 


Frank 


76 


Kemp 
Haddaway 


131 


Fairbanks 


22 


Wood (Miles River) 


77 


132 


Pine (Broad Creek) 


23 


Herr 


78 


Valliant 


133 


Luna 


24 


OUie 


79 


Poplar South 


134 


Cabin 


25 


Swing 


80 


Great 


135 


Skinner 


26 


Fair 


81 


Front 


136 


Bald 


27 


Second 


82 


Wap 


137 


Rose 


28 


But 


83 


Southern M. E. Church 


138 


Gram (Broad Creek) 


29 


Aber 


84 


Black 


139 


Bengal 


30 


Two 


85 


Sharps Island Light 


140 


Eastman 


31 


Face 


86 


Jere 


141 


Woodill 


32 


Mais 


87 


Bar (Harris Creek) 


142 


Delta (Broad Creek) 


33 


Beak 


88 


M. E. Church (Tilgh- 


143 


Marion 


34 


Rieman 




man Island) 


144 


Willis 


35 


Leeds 


89 


Avalon 


145 


Neptune 


36 


Margo 


90 


SchooUiouse Cupola 


146 


Venus 


37 


Gibbs 


91 


Peoples Chapel 


147 


Mars 


38 


Long (Miles River) 


92 


Narrows 


148 


Royal 


39 


Beg 


93 


Eaele (Harris Creek) 


149 


Grave 


40 


Search 


94 


Dunk 


150 


Ray 


41 


Tug 


95 


Hawk 


151 


Willey 


42 


Hunting 


96 


Smith 


152 


Judge 
Thelma 


43 


Spree 


97 


Briary 


153 


44 


Whit 


98 


Vine 


154 


Elmore 


45 


Dorrance 


99 


Cummings 


155 


Beverly 


46 


Tang 


100 


Dog 


156 


Samuel (Broad Creek) 


47 


Johnson 


101 


Rabbit 


157 


Ansley 


48 


Lowndes 


102 


Grace 


158 


Harper 


49 


Draw 


103 


Mink 


159 


Taft 


50 


Chap 


104 


Harrison 


160 


Hopkins (Broad Creek) 


51 


Villa (Miles River) 


105 


Clump (Harris Creek) 


161 


Spencer 


52 


Easton 


106 


Lawn 


162 


Marshall 


53 


Henderson 


107 


End (Harris Creek) 


163 


Clark 


54 


Bethel 


108 


Rod (Harris Creek) 


164 


Holly 


55 


Fig 


109 


Otto 


165 


Marsh (Broad Creek't 


56 


Doctor (Miles River) 


110 


Miller 


166 


Cedar (Broad Creek) 


57 


McConnell 


111 


Pink 


167 


Ross (Broad Creek^ 



80 



SUMMARY OF SUEVEY OP OYSTER BARS OF MARYLAND. 



Numerical Index to Teianoulation Stations — Continued. 

TALBOT COUNTY— Continued. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name of station 


station 




station 




station 




on Index 




on Index 




on Index 




Chart 




Cliart 




Cliart 




168 


Cook 


201 


Wall (Tred Avon 


234 


Show 


169 


Peary- 




River) 


235 


Kit (Island Creek) 


170 


Roys 


202 


Aye 


236 


Moke 


171 


Irish 


203 


Hunter 


237 


Poco 


172 


Pont 


204 


Weave 


238 


Healey (Island Creek) 


173 


Sticky 


205 


Twin 


239 


Maslin 


174 


Vue 


206 


Toe 


240 


Mean 


175 


Ila 


207 


Trippe 


241 


Jay 


176 


Creek (Irish Creekl 


208 


Venture 


242 


Berry 


177 


Benoni 2 


209 


Plow 


243 


LanJeye 


178 


Mutton 


210 


Higher 


244 


Choptank River Light 


179 


Trad 


211 


All 


245 


Chlora 


180 


Bellevue 


212 


Cam 


246 


Trappe 


181 


Tar 


213 


Deux 


247 


Lan 


182 


Peck 


214 


Crack 


248 


Rice 


183 


Tall 


215 


Mistle 


249 


Inez 


184 


Plain 


216 


Layer 


250 


Gis 


185 


Spin 


217 


Borough 


251 


Grubin 


186 


Martin (Tred Avon 


218 


Golds 


252 


Black Beacon 




River 


219 


Mud (Tred Avon 


253 


Howells 1 


187 


Neva 




River) 


254 


Red 


188 


Robertson (Tred Avon 


220 


Town (Tred Avon 


255 


Double 




River) 




River) 


256 


Boling 


189 


Stretch 


221 


Riverview 


257 


Rear 


190 


May 


222 


Weather Bureau Staff 


258 


Chancellor 


191 


Peebee 


223 


First 


259 


Barber (Tred Avon 


192 


Neck (Tred Avon 


224 


Bach 




River) 




River) 


225 


Boone 


260 


Duck (ChoptankRiver) 


193 


Stab 


226 


Enter 


261 


Jam 


194 


Water 


227 


Straw 


262 


Spindle 


195 


Rad cliff e 


228 


Delahay 


263 


Bank (Tred Avon 


196 


Bateman 


229 


Kent 




River) 


197 


Melon 


230 


Harry 


264 


Raccoon 


198 


Gash 


231 


Charles (Island Creek) 


265 


Blind 


199 


Camden 


232 


Potato 


266 


Up 


200 


Blossom 


233 


Ritter 







1 


Herring Pond 2 


9 


Fox Island Poplar 


17 Grace M. E. Church 


2 


Lynch Point 3 


10 


Mos 


18 Lons; Point 


3 


Smith Point Light 


11 


Wharf (Saxis Pier) 
Saxis Church Spire 


19 


Wildcat 


4 


Shanks Hammock 2 


12 


20 


Pope Island Life-Sav- 


5 


Horse 


13 


OU 




ing Station 


6 


Fishbone 


14 


Summer 


21 


Chester (Virginia) 


7 


Reach Hammock 


15 


Cup 


22 


Kilhck Shoal Light 


8 


Beacon 


16 


Money 


23 


Assateague Light 



LANDMARKS. 



81 



Numerical Index to Tbianqulation Stations — (.'untinued. 

WICOMICO COUNTY. 



County 




County 




County 




index 




index 




index 




number 




number 




number 




indicating 


Name of station 


indicating 


Name uf station 


indicating 


Name of station 


station 




station 




station 




on Index 




on Index 




on Index 




Chart 




Chart 




Chart 




1 


Earle (Nanticoke 


7 


Roar 


13 


Child 




River) 


8 


Nanti 


14 


Creek (Wicomico 


2 


Juliet 


9 


White 




River) 


3 


Pole 


10 


Great Shoals Light 


15 


End (Wicomico 


4 


Bivalve Church 


11 


Ella 




River) 


5 


Rag 


12 


Holland (AVicomico 






6 


Nanticoke Church 




River) 







WORCESTER COUNTY. 



1 


Hamilton 


17 


Saupoi 

Mud (Sinepuxent Bay) 


31 


Green Run Inlet Life- 


2 


Ocean City Water 


18- 




Saving Station Flag- 




Tower 


19 


lM;raya 

Salt (Sinepuxent 




staff 


3 


Harmon 


20 


32 


Tizz 


4 


Ocean 




River) 


33 


Mill (Chincoteague 


5 


Buffing 


21 


North Beach Life-Sav- 




Bay) 


6 


Buftington Windmill 




ing Station 


34 


Ma r y 1 a n d-Virginia 


7 


Gull 


22 


Birch 




(Life-Saving Station 


8 


Inkquill 


23 


Neck (Chincoteague 




Beach) 


9 


Seaside 




Bay) 


35 


M a r y 1 a n d-Virginia 


10 


Ellpow 


24 


Newport 




(Pope Island) 


11 


B e a ch (Sinepuxent 


25 


Handys Hammock 


30 


M a ry 1 a n d-Virginia, 




Bay) 


26 


Ricks 




(Railroad) 


12 


Fassett 


27 


Guilberta Cupola 


37 


Thorofare 


13 


Shore 


28 


Beacon Clumps 


38 


Collier 


14 


Nellys 


29 


Landlet 


39 


Convent Water Tower 


15 


Bar (Sinepuxent Bay) 


30 


Turnagain 


40 


Gantt 


16 


Longwells Windmill 











95112—13 6 



o 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR 
COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 

O. H. TITTMANN, Superintendent 



SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS 

ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY 
MARYLAND 



DESCRIPTION OF BOUNDARIES AND LANDMARKS AND REPORT 
OF WORK OF UNITED STATES COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 
IN COOPERATION WITH MARYLAND SHELL FISH COMMISSION 



By C. C. YATES 

ASSISTANT AND CHIEF OF PARTY. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1907 



Department of Commerce and Labor 
Document No. 77. 

COA^ AND GEODETIC SURVEY 



LETTER OF SUBMITTAL. 



Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Coast and Geodetic Survey, 

Washington, June I , igoy. 
Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith the report of the officer detailed from 
the Coast and Geodetic Surve}^ to cooperate with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission 
in surveying the oyster beds of the State of Maryland, under the provisions of the act 
of Congress entitled "An act to authorize the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to 
cooperate, through the Bureau of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and the Bureau 
of Fisheries, with the shellfish commissioners of the State of Maryland in making 
surveys of the natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of 
Maryland," approved May 26, 1906, and certain results which are necessary for the 
interpretation and use of the plats of the survey. 
Respectfully, 

O. H. Tittmann, Supcrintimdcnt. 
To Hon. Oscar S. Straus, 

Secretary of Commerce and Labor. 

3 



CERTIFICATION 



Annapolis, Md. , A/ay 2g. rgoy. 
The following publication is certified to contain correct technical descriptions of all 
boundaries and landmarks established in Anne Arundel County and contiguous waters 
b}' the Mar}dand vShell Fish Commission in cooperation with the United States Coast 
and Geodetic Survey. 

C. C. Yates, 
.{ssistanl and Chief of Party in titc Coasl and Geodetic Survey. 



Annapolis, Mm., June 6, igoj. 
Examined and certified to be correct. 

Walter J. Mitchell, 
Benjamin K. Green, 
Caswell Grave, 
Maryland Shell Fish Commissioners. 
SwEPSON Earle, 

Hydrographic Engitteer. 

Note. — Copies of this publication and of the charts of the natural oyster bars of 
"Anne Arundel County and Adjacent Waters " were filed in the office of the clerk of 
the circuit court of Anne Arundel County and in the office of the Board of Shell Fish 
Commissioners at Annapolis on June 20, 1907. 

5 



CONTENTS, 



Letter of submittai, 3 

Certification 5 

Introduction : 

Publ ications 13 

Cooperation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 13 

Laws relating to the cooperation 14 

Charts and maps: 

Charts of natural oyster bars 17 

Projections 18 

Progress map 18 

Boundaries of county waters: 

Waters within territorial limits of the county 19 

Waters contiguous to the county 20 

Limits of dredging area adjacent to Craighill Channel 20 

List of natural oyster bars within dredging area of county 21 

Boundaries of natural oyster bars: 

Explanation of descriptions of boundaries 21 

Surveying methods for relocation of boundaries. . . . ; 23 

Natural oyster bars — 

Chart No. i (Fort Carroll to Magothy River)— 

Lumps East of Craighill Channel (see also Chart No. 2) 26 

Bodkin Point North , . 26 

Bodkin Point South 27 

Mountain Point (see also Chart No. 2) 27 

Sillery Bay 28 

Chart No. 2 (Magothy River to Annapolis Roads) — 

Lumps East of Craighill Channel (see also Chart No. i) 26 

Mountain Point ( see also Chart No. i) 27 

Peach Hill 28 

Welch ■ 28 

Park 29 

Uinphasis . . ' 29 

Black 29 

Persimmon -. 30 

Outer Magothy 30 

Sandy Point North 31 

Sandy Point South 31 

Hackett Point 32 

Whitehall Creek 32 

Sand Spit 33 

Whitehall 33 

Wreck Buoy 34 

Tolly Point (see also Chart No. 3 ) 34 

Chinks Point 35 

Inside Greenbury Point 35 

7 



8 Contcjits. 

Boundaries of natural oyster bars — Continued. 
Natural oyster bars — Continued. 

Oiarl No. 2 (Magothy River to Annapolis Roads) — Continued. fagc. 

Horn Point 36 

Old Fort 36 

Little Sandy 37 

Creces Cove 37 

Ferry Point 37 

Peach Orchard 3R 

Weems Lower 3S 

Weems Upper 39 

Wade 39 

Traces Hollow 40 

Sharp Point 40 

Saltwork \i 

Rock Point Lower 41 

Chase 41 

Clem Point 42 

Point 42 

Aisquith Creek 42 

Brewer (Severn River) 43 

Poppin Point 43 

Arnold Point 44 

Big Island 44 

Round Bay 44 

Rock Point Upper 45 

ChaH No. s (Annapolis Roads to Horseshoe Point ) — 

Tolly Point (see also Chart No. 2) 34 

Under The Gums 45 

Thomas Point North 46 

Thomas Point South 47 

Old Woman 47 

Marshy Point 4S 

Turkey Point 48 

Ruler Flats 49 

Swan Reef 49 

Outer Round Point 50 

Inner Round Point ■ . 50 

Hill Point East 50 

Hill Point 51 

Rock Point ( South River) 51 

Fox Point 51 

Purdy Flats 52 

Thunder and Lightning 52 

Brewer (South River) 52 

Almshouse 53 

Duvall 53 

Aberdeen 54 

Beard Point 5_1 

Rough Point j .S4 

Saunders . .S5 

Lulu ."i.i 

Dutchman .... 56 

Three Sisters 56 

Curtis 37 



Contents. 



Boundaries of natural oyster bars — Continued. Page. 
Natural oyster bars — Continued. 

Chart No. j (Annapolis Roads to Horseshoe Point) — Continued. 

Collins Flats 57 

Potato Hill 57 

Cedar Point 58 

Barren Neck 58 

Tucker 59 

Cheston Point 59 

Dutchman Hollow 59 

Brice Fence 60 

Stony Hollow 60 

Cherry 60 

Jackass 6i 

Bolston Bank 61 

High Island 61 

Flat Island 62 

Buce 62 

Chart No. 4 (Horseshoe Point to Holland Point) — 

Bay Shore 63 

Long 64 

Fairhaven 64 

Holland Point 65 

Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations): 

Explanation of description of landmarks 65 

Triangulation stations — 

Chart No. i (Fort Carroll to Magothy River) — 

North Point (Old Tower) 67 

Craighill Channel Light ( Front Range) 67 

Rock Point 67 

Seven Foot Knoll Light 68 

Bodkin Point (Old Tower) 68 

Locust 68 

Bay (Magothy River) 68 

Phil 69 

Hickory 69 

Sillery 69 

Chart No. 2 (Magothy River to Annapolis Roads) — 

Peach Hill 70 

Welch 70 

Bluff (Magothy River) 70 

Dobbins 71 

Iron 71 

Ham 71 

Bank 71 

Horn (Magothy River) 72 

Tail 72 

Ferry 72 

Huddle 73 

Revell 73 

Purse 73 

Magothy 74 

Corn 74 

Sandy Point light 74 

Ring (see progress map) 74 

330—07 lYz 



lO 



Contents. 



Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangui^ation stations)— Continued. 
Triangulation stations — Continued. 

Chart No. 2 (Magothy River to Annapolis Roads) — Continued. 

Bay Side 

Clump 

Wash ( see progress map ) 

Hackett 

Spit 

Chase (Whitehall Bay) 

Greenbury 

Greenbury Point light 

Fort 

Bluff ( Severn River) 

Brice 

Knob 

Spring 

Cool 

Chase (Severn River) 

Point 

Bight 

Arnold 

Swan 

High 

Cedar (Severn River) 

Sharp 

Long 

Island 

Bay ( Severn River) 1 

Brewer (Severn River) 

Clem , 

Salt 

Luce 

Weeras 

Field 

Hospital Cupola ( Naval Academy) 

Flag Staff ( Naval Academy Boathou.se ) 

State House Dome (Annapolis) 

St. Anne's Church Spire (Annapolis) 

Catholic Church Spire (Annapolis) 

St. John's College Cupola (Annapolis) 

Horn (Severn River) 

Start 

Chart No. 3 (Annapolis Roads to Hor.se.shoe Point) — 

Gram 

Tolly 

Bay Ridge Stack 

Craney 

Cottage 

Thomas ^ 

Thomas Point Light 

Arundel 

Hill 

Switch 

Waggaman 

Waggaman Windmill 



75 
75 
75 
76 
76 
76 
77 
77 
77 
77 
7« 
78 
78 
79 
79 
79 
80 
80 
80 
81 
81 
81 
82 
82 
82 
83 
83 
S3 
84 
84 
84 
85 
85 
85 
85 
85 
85 
85 
86 



Contents. ii 

Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulaTion stations)— Continued, page. 
Triangulation stations — Continued. 

Chart No. 3 — (Annapolis Roads to Horseshoe Point) — Continued. 

Ginger 90 

Ximo 90 

Yazoo 90 

Taylor 91 

Larramore 91 

Brewer (South River) 91 

Almshouse 92 

Altjishouse ( Lightning Rod ) 92 

Cedar (South River) 92 

Mayo 92 

Selby 93 

Gowan 93 

Dutchman 93 

Cato 94 

Delta 94 

Etna 94 

Calf 95 

Turf 95 

Cupola 95 

Rhode 95 

Ches 96 

Alpha 96 

Shell 96 

Counallor 97 

Chalk 97 

Lerch Windmill 97 

Apple 98 

Cove 98 

Curtis 98 

Horseshoe 99 

Bloody Point Bar light 99 

Chart No. 4 (Horseshoe Point to Holland Point) — 

PYanklin 99 

Nut 99 

Broad 100 

Parker 100 

Hopkins 100 

Fairhaven loi 

Holland loi 

Report of the work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey: 

Instructions 102 

House boat Oyster 102 

Organization and equipment 103 

Field work I 104 

Office work 105 

Summary 105 

Progress map following 109 



SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS, ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY, MD. 



INTRODUCTION. 

PUBLICATIONS. 

The preparation of publications relating to the survey of the natural oyster bars 
of Maryland has been divided between the Government and the State in accordance 
with the laws authorizing the work and the natural division of the surveying operations 
of the cooperating forces. 

The part prepared under the direction of the Superintendent of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey consists of this publication and a series of large-scale charts. The 
charts show all legal boundaries of natural oyster bars within the waters opened up for 
leasing with Anne Arundel County and the location of all landmarks (Coast and 
Geodetic Survey triangulation stations) used in connection with the delineation of 
these boundaries. This publication gives a technical description of the oyster-bar 
boundaries and landmarks shown on the charts, and includes the report of the represent- 
ative of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

The part to be published by the Shell Fish Commission will include a report of 
the work executed by the commission under the provisions of the oyster-culture laws 
of Maryland, descriptions of oyster investigations and the delimitation of oyster bars, 
and other important legal and scientific information. 

COOPERATION OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY. 

The work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, as the name of the service indicates, 
includes a survey of the coasts of the United States made on a geodetic basis. This 
has involved the gradual construction of a great framework of interstate triangulation 
for use as a foundation for detail hydrographic and topographic surveys, from which 
there has been compiled and publi.shed a complete .set of charts of the coasts of the 
United States, including all waters of Maryland where oysters grow. This existing 
triangulation, hydrography, and topography is essential for a correct and practical 
survey of natural oyster bars; and it being one of the fundamental functions of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey to furnish such data for all surveying, charting, and 
other allied purposes within the area of the operations of the .service, the cooperation 
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission is a 
practical and useful development^of Government work. 

13 



14 Survey of Oyster Bais, Anne Arundel County^ Md. 

LAWS RELATING TO THE COOPERATION. 

The work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries, in coop- 
eration with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, in surveying and publishing charts 
of natural oyster bars, establishing permanent landmarks over triangulation stations, and 
preparing for publication the necessary technical and legal descriptions of boundaries 
and' landmarks delineated on the charts, has been executed in compliance with a request 
from the Governor of the State of Marjdand to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, 
and by authority of the following laws of the United States and Maryland: 

_ [Act of Congress approved May 26. igo6.] 

AN ACT to autliorize the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to cooperate, throngh the Bureau of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey and the Bureau of Fisheries, 'with the Shell Fish Commissioners of the State of Maryland in making surveys 
of the natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland. 

Be it enacted by the Seriate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in 
Congress assembled. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor be, and he is hereby, authorized and 
directed, upon the request of the governor of the .State of Maryland, to designate such officers, experts, 
and employees of the Hurean of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries as may 
be necessary to cooperate with the Maryland State Board of Shell Fish Commissioners in making a 
survey of and locating the natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks in the vv'aters within the State of 
Maryland; and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is hereby authorized and directed to furnish to 
the officers, experts, and employees of said Bureaus so detailed as aforesaid such instruments, appli- 
ances, and steam launches as may be necessary to make the survey aforesaid; and the Secretar\' of 
Commerce and Labor is hereby authorized to have made in the Bureai; of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey all the plats necessary to show the results of the aforesaid survey and the locations of the said 
natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland, and to furnish to the 
Board of Shell Fish Commissioners of the State of Maryland such copies as may be necessary, and for 
this purpose to employ, in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, such technically qualified persons 
as may be necessary to carry out the purpose of this act. 

Sec. 2. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is hereby further authorized to have erected or 
constructed by the officers so detailed as aforesaid, while making such survey, such structures as may 
be necessary to mark the points of triangulation, so that the same may be used for such future work 
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey as the said 'Bureau may be hereafter required to perform in prose- 
cuting the Government coast survey of the navigable waters of the United States located within the 
State of Maryland. 

Sec. 4. That this act shall take effect from the date of its passage. 



[Act of Congress approved March 4, 1907.] 

AN ACT making approju-iations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, 
nineteen hundred and eight, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in 
Congress assembled. That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated for the 
objects hereinafter expressed, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eight, 
namely: * * * 

Co.\ST AND Geodetic Survey; * * * For anj' special .surveys * * * including expenses 
of surveys in aid of the .Shell Fish Commission of the State of Maryland, to be immediately available 
and to continue available until expended, twenty-five thousand dollars. * * * 



Suiz'cy of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel Coiiniy, Md. 1 5 

[Act of the legislature of Maryland approved April 2. 1906.] 

AN ACT to establish and promote the industry of oyster culture in Maryland, to define and mark natural oyster beds, 
bars and rocks lying under the waters of this State, to prescribe penalties for the infringement of the provisions of 
this act, and * * * 

Section i. lie it euactcd by the o,encuil assembly of Marylami, That the following sections be, 
and they are hereb)', added to article 72 of the Code of Public General Laws, title "Oysters." * * * 

Sec. S6. The Board of Shell Fish Coniniissioners shall, as soon as practicable after the passage 
of this act, cause to be made a true and accurate survey of the natural 03'ster beds, bars, and rocks of 
this State, said survey to be made with reference to fixed and permanent objects on the .shore, giving 
courses and distances, to be fully described and set out in a written report of said survey, as herein- 
after required. A true and accurate delineation of the same shall be made on copies of published 
maps and charts of the I'nited States Coast and Geodetic Survey, which said copies shall be filed in 
the office of the .said Cotnmissioners in the city of Annapolis; and the said Commissioners shall further 
cause to be delineated upon copies of the published maps and charts of the ITnited States Coast 
and Geodetic Survey, of the largest scale, one copy for each of the counties of this State in the 
waters of which there are natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks, all natural beds, bars, and rocks lying 
within the waters of such county, which maps shall be filed in the office of the clerks of the circuit 
courts for the respective counties wherein the grounds so designated may lie. 

******* 

Sec. 87. The governor of this State is hereby requested to ask the assistance of the United States 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, and of the United States Fish Commissioner, to aid in the carrying out of 
the provisions of the preceding section. * * * 

Sec. 89. As soon as practicable after the first day of April, 1906, the said Commissioners .shall 
organize and shall at once proceed, with the assistance of such person or persons as mav be detailed 
by the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, and the United States Fish Commissioner, to aid 
them in their work, and of such persons as may be appointed under the preceding section, to have 
laid out, surveyed, and designated on the said charts the natural beds, and bars, and shall cause to be 
marked and defined as accurately as practicable the limits and boundaries of the natural beds, bars, 
and rocks, as established by said survey, and they shall take true and accurate notes of said survey in 
writing, and make an accurate report of said survey, setting forth such a description of landmarks as 
may be necessarj' to enable the said Board, or their successors, to find and ascertain the boundary 
lines of the .said natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks as shown b}- a delineation on the maps and charts 
provided in this act; said report shall be completed and filed in the office of the Board in the city of 
Annapolis within ninety days after the completion of the survej' of any county. Said Commissioners 
shall cause the same to be publLshed in pamphlet form, and transmit copies of the same to the clerk 
of the circuit court for the respective counties, where the charts have been filed or directed to be 
filed, as hereinafter provided; the said report to be filed by the clerks of the several counties in a 
book kept for that purpose. And the said survey and report, when filed, subject to the right of 
appeal hereafter provided for in this act, shall be taken in all of the courts of this State as conclusive 
evidence of the boundaries and limits of all natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks lying within the 
waters of the county wherein such survey and report are filed, and shall be construed to mean in all 
of the said courts that there are no natural oyster beds, bars, or rocks lying within the waters of the 
counties wherein such report and survey are filed other than those embraced in the survey authorized 
by this act, and that all areas of the Che.sapeake Bay and its tributaries within the State of Maryland 
not shown in the survey to be natural oyster beds, bars, or rocks shall be construed in all the courts 
of the State to be barren bottoms, and open for disposal by the State for the purpose of private plant- 
ing or propagation of oysters thereon under the provisions of this act; provided that the said survey 
and report shall not be so construed as to affect in any manner the holdings by citizens of this State 
in any lot which may have been appropriated or taken up under the laws of this State prior to the 
approval of this act. * * * 



1 6 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Aid. 

The law of the State of Marj'land, passed March 9, 1842, authorizing officers of 
the U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey to enter upon the lands within the State limits 
for the purposes of the Survej-, is as follows: 

AN ACT concerning the survey of the coast of Maryland. 

Section i. Be it enacted by the general assembly of 3faryla!id, that it shall and may be lawful 
for any person or persons employed under and by virtue of an act of the Congress of the United States, 
* * * at any time hereafter to enter upon lands within this State for the purpose of exploring, 
surveying, triangulating, or leveling, or doing any other matter or thing which may be necessary to 
effect the objects of said act, and to erect anj' works, stations, buildings, or appendages requisite for 
that purpose, doing no unnecessary injury to private or other property. 

Sec. 2. And be it enacted. That in case the person or persons employed under the act of Congress 
aforesaid can not agree with the owners or possessors of the land so entered upon and used as to the 
amount of damage done thereto by reason of the removal of fences, cutting of trees , or injury to the 
crop or crops growing on the same, it shall and may be lawful for the said parties or either of them to 
apply to the chief justice for the time being, or one of the associate judges of the judicial district in 
which such land may be situated, who shall thereupon appoint three disinterested and judicious free- 
holders, residents of the same judicial district, to proceed with as much despatch as possible to the 
examination of the matter in question and the faithful assessment of the damages sustained by the 
owners or possessors aforesaid, and the said freeholders or a majority of them, having first taken and 
subscribed an oath or affirmation before the chief or associate justice aforesaid or other person duly 
authorized to administer the same, that they will well and truly examine and assess as aforesaid, and 
having given five days' notice to both parties of the time of their meeting, shall proceed to the spot, 
and then and there upon their own view and, if required, upon the evidence of witnes,ses (to be by 
them sworn or affirmed and examined), shall assess the said damages, and shall afterwards make report 
thereof and of their proceedings in writing under their hands and seals and file the same within five 
da3\s thereafter in the office of the clerk of the count)' in which the land aforesaid is situated, subject 
to an appeal by either party to the county court of the said county within ten days after filing as 
aforesaid, and the said report so made as aforesaid, if no appeal as aforesaid be taken, shall be held to 
be final and conclusive as between the said parties, and the amount so assessed and reported shall be 
paid to the said owners or possessors of the land so damaged within twenty days after the filing of 
said report, and the said chief or associate justice as aforesaid .shall have authority to tax and allow, 
upon the filing of said report, such costs, fees, and expenses to the said freeholders for the performance 
of their duty as he shall think equitable and just, which allowance shall be paid by the person or 
persons employed under the act of Congress aforesaid, within the time last above limited, but if an 
appeal as aforesaid be taken, the case shall be set down for hearing at the first term of county court 
aforesaid ensuing upon and after said appeal, and it shall be lawful for either party immediately after 
the entry of such appeal to take out summons for such witnesses as may be necessarj- to be examined 
upon the hearing aforesaid, and the said court shall have power in its discretion to award costs against 
whicliever the final judgment shall be entered, and such appeal, at the option of either party, may and 
shall be heard before, and the damages assessed by, a jury of twelve men to be taken from the regular 
panel and elected as in other cases. 

Sec. 3. And be it enacted. That if any person or persons shall wilfullj' injure or deface or remove 
any signal, monimient, or building, or any appendage thereto, erected, used, or constructed under 
and by virtue of the act of Congress aforesaid, such person or persons so offending shall severally 
forfeit and pay the sum of fifty dollars, with costs of suit, to be sued for and recovered by an}' person 
who shall first prosecute the same before any justice of the peace of the county where the person so 
offending may reside, and shall also be liable to pay the amount of damages thereby sustained, to be 
recovered with costs of suit in an action on the case, in the name and for the use of the United States 
of America, in any court of competent jurisdiction. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Aid. 17 

CHARTS AND MAPS. 

CHARTS OF NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 

The charts" of the natural oyster bars of "Anne Arundel Count}- and Adjacent 
Waters," publi.slied by the Coast and Geodetic Survey from results of surveys of the 
Government in cooperation with the Maryland Shell Fi.sh Commission, con.sist of a 
series of four sheets, covering the west shore of Chesapeake Bay from Fort Carroll to 
Holland Point. They are published on the scale of i part in 20,000 (approximately 
3^^ inches to a statute mile), and are constructed on polyconic projections and based 
on the United States standard datum of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

These charts show all oyster bar arid other boundaries established by the Com- 
mission, and are certified by them for the purpose of filing in the office of the clerk of 
the circuit court of Anne Arundel County and in the office of the Commis.sion at 
Annapolis, as required by the oy.ster-culture laws of Mar3'land. 

In addition to the boundaries, the charts show the location and name of all land- 
marks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations) used in making the 
sur\'e5', together with the hydrography and topograph}' necessary to make the 
technical definitions and delineations of boundaries readil}' understandable, both by 
the people engaged in oyster industry and the general public who may become 
interested through leasing of barren bottoms for oy.ster culture. 

The names of the oy.ster bars are those used locally, as nearl}- as could be ascer- 
tained by the hj'drographic engineer of the Commi.ssion, and are not designated by 
numbers, as might suggest itself on first thought as being the best method when the 
great number of oyster bars in the whole State are considered. By the use of local 
names, it is believed that much confusion will be avoided in the location of oyster bars, 
especially by those not familiar with charts. 

The corners of the oj-ster bars are numbered from i to the total number of corners 
in each bar under consideration. Where bars adjoni, making one point a corner of two 
or more bars, these points have two or more numbers, each corresponding to the bar in 
which the figure is located. The numbers of the corners correspond with the technical 
and legal descriptions given in this publication under the heading "Boundaries of 
natural oyster bars. ' ' 

The natural oyster bars and landmarks have been grouped in the contents of this 
publication in accordance with the charts upon which they are shown. To find a par- 
ticular oy,ster bar or landmark which is only known by name, consult the "Contents," 
and the desired chart and general location will be indicated. To find the name of a bar 
or landmark which is only known by location, consult the progress map at the end of 
this publication for the number of the chart on which it is to be found, and then 
examine the known locality on the chart for the name of the bar or landmark in 
question. 

The contours for the depth of water at mean low tide have been taken from the 
hydrographic sheets of the Coast and Geodetic Survey at Washington. Four curves 

«For copies of these charts apply to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey at 
Washington, D. C. 
330—07 2 



i8 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

were selected as beiug the most convenient for taking off from the original hydrographic 
sheets and the ones of greatest value to those interested in the oyster industry. The 
i-fathom contour (6 feet) and the 5-fathom contour (30 feet) practically include 
all the natural oyster bars sur\'eyed, while the 3-fathom contour (18 feet) furnishes 
the curve of about the average depth. The lo-fathom contour (60 feet) serves in a 
general way to indicate the outer limits of probable oyster culture. 

The boundaries of the waters within the territorial limits of the county and the 
boundaries of waters not within these limits but opened up for the leasing with the 
county are plainly indicated on the charts. A full technical description of these 
boundaries is given in this publication under the heading ' ' Boundaries of county 
waters. ' ' 

The areas in acres of the natural oyster bars were determined under the direction 
of the hydrographic engineer of the Commission by two independent planimeter meas- 
urements made of the area of the bars as delineated on the smooth projections of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey. These areas are given in small figures on the face of the 
chart within the boundaries of the bars. 

The symbols used on the charts for the different kinds of boundaries, triangulation 
.stations, contours of depth of water, etc. , require no other explanation than that given 
in the notes on the charts. 

PROJECTIONS. 

The polyconic projections, like the charts which are described in the preceding 
section, were all con.structed by draftsmen of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. These 
draftsmen also plotted the sextant positions on the smooth projections which determine 
the location of the legal boundaries of the natural o^'ster bars as delineated by the Shell 
Fish Commission. 

A copy of each of these projections, with all the plotted positions of triangu- 
lation stations, shore line, sextant po.sitions, and boundaries of oyster bars, was made 
under the direction of the hydrographic engineer of the commission, by pricking 
through with a sharp needle the intersections of the projection lines and all other 
points as plotted on the original sheets. 

These projections (in duplicate) are the original- records of all natural ov-ster bar 
and other boundaries established by the connnission. One set of these projections is 
filed in the archives of the Coast and Geodetic Survey at Washington and the other 
set is filed in the office of the Shell Fish Commission at Annapolis. 

PROGRESS MAP. 

The progress map'' attached to this publication is on a scale of one part in a 
hundred thousand, and shows in outline the work accomplished by the U. S. Coast and 
Geodetic Survey in Anne Arundel County and contiguous waters. It gives the scheme 
of all the charts and smooth projections constructed in connection with the survey of 
the natural oyster bars, the location and names of all triangulation stations used as a 
basis for the surveying work, and the "Boundaries of county waters" established 

" For this map, see folder at end of this publication. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 19 

by the commission for the purpose of carrying out the laws of Maryland relating to 
oyster culture. 

Besides indicating the amount of work done by the Coast and Geodetic Survey in 
connection with the work of the Shell Fish Commission, the progress map will be of 
special value for index purposes to engineers and others, searching for the particular 
chart or projection covering the locality of the oyster bars or landmarks that may be 
under consideration. 

BOUNDARIES OF COUNTY WATERS, 

WATERS WITHIN TERRITORIAI< LIMITS OF THE COUNTY. 

The laws relating to oyster culture under which the Maryland Shell Fish Commis- 
sion is executing its survey, provide that "no person shall be permitted, by lease, 
assignment, or in any other manner, to acquire a greater amount of land than ten acres 
situated within the territorial limits of any of the counties, or one hundred acres in any 
other place." 

The boundary line" between the waters "within the territorial limits" of Anne 
Arundel County and the waters in "anj' other place," as established by the Shell Fish 
Commission and delineated on the charts and the smooth projections of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey, is technically described and defined as follows : 

Commencing at a point defined by the intersection of the northern boundary line of Anne Arundel 
County with the center line of Fort McHenry Channel ; thence along the center line of Fort McHenry 
Channel past Fort Carroll to a point at the intersection of the center line of Fort McHenry Channel 
and the center line of Brewerton Channel ; thence along the center line of Brewerton Channel to a point 
defined by the intersection of the center line of Brewerton Channel and a straight line between North 
Point (Old Tower ) and a point defined by latitude '■< 39° 09' 59.3" and longitude '' 76° 28' 39.7", situated 
on Rock Point ; thence in a straight line to a point defined by latitude 39° 09' 59.3" and longitude 76° 
28' 39.7" situated on Rock Point ; thence following the mean low-water line along the shore of the 
bay to a point defined by latitude 39° 08' 10.6" and longitude 76° 26' 21.2", situated on Frankie 
Point ; thence iu a straight line across the mouth of Bodkin Creek to a point situated at the center of 
the old light-house tower on Bodkin Point ; thence following the mean low-water line along the shore 
of the bay to a point defined by latitude 39° 03' 35.2" and longitude 76° 25' 56.4", situated on Mount- 
ain Point ; thence in a straight line across the mouth of Magoth)- River to a point defined by latitude 
39° °3' 11. i" and longitude 76° 26' 1S.7", situated on Persimmon Point; thence following the mean 
low-water line along the shore of the bay around Sandy Point to a point defined by latitude 38° 59' 10. i" 
and longitude 76° 25' 33.4", situated on Hackett Point; thence in a straight line across the mouth of 
Whitehall Bay to a point defined by latitude 38° 58' 25.0" and longitude 76° 27' 19.0", situated on Green- 
bury Point ; thence in a straight line across the mouth of Severn River to a point defined by latitude 
38° 56' 28,0" and longitude 76° 27' 00.0", situated on Tolly Point; thence following the mean low-water 
line along the shore of the bay to a point defined by latitude 38° 54' 42.0" and longitude 76° 27' 25.2", 
situated on a point of land on tlie north side of Fishing Creek ; thence in a straight line across the 
mouth of Fishing Creek to a point defined by latitude 38° 54' 29.1" and longitude 76° 27' 12.9", situ- 
ated on Thomas Point ; thence in a straight line across the mouth of South River to a point defined 
by latitude 38° 53' 13.6" and longitude 76° 29' 21.9", situated on Saunders Point ; thence following the 
mean low-water line along the shore of the bay to a point defined by latitude 38° 52' 10.4" and longi- 

"See Charts of Natural Oyster Bars, published by the U.- S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, and the 
progress map at the end of this publication. 

''Latitudes and longitudes based on the United States standard datum of the U. S. Coast and 
Geodetic Survey. 



20 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

tude 76° 30' 35.6", situated on Dutchman Point; thence in a straight line across the mouth of West 
River to a point defined by latitude 38° 51' 12.8" and longitude 76° 29' 53.8", situated on Curtis Point ; 
thence following the mean low-water line along the shore of the bay to a point defined by latitude 
38° 48' 02.8" and longitude 76° 30' 36.6", situated on a point about three-quarters of a mile north of 
Broadwater Creek ; thence in a straight line across the mouth of Broadwater Creek to a point defined 
by latitude 38° 47' 21.3" and longitude 76° 31' 26.3", situated on a point at the southern entrance to 
Broadwater Creek; thence following the mean' low- water line along the shore of the bay to a point 
defined by latitude 38° 46' 22.2", and longitude 76° 32' 23.5'', situateS on Parker Island ; thence in a 
straight line across the mouth of Herring Bay to a point defined by latitude 38° 43' 40.6" and longi- 
tude 76° 3i' 37.8", situated on Holland Point; thence following the mean low-water line along the 
shore of the bay to the southern boundary line of Anne Arundel County in the vicinity of Hog Point. 

WATERS CONTIGUOUS TO THK COUNTY. 

The 03'ster-culture laws of Maryland provide that a true and accurate delineation 
of all natural oyster bars shall be made on copies of charts of the United States Coast 
and Geodetic Sur\'ey, "which said copies shall be filed in the office of the said Commis- 
sioners in the city of Aimapolis; " and "in the office of the clerks of the circuit courts 
for the respective counties wherein the grounds so designated may lie. ' ' 

For the purpose of carrying out the latter part of this section of the law, and for 
the purpose of establishing the limits of the oyster-cultnre area to be opened up for the 
leasing with Anne Arundel County, a boundary line between the waters contiguous to, 
but not within the territorial limits of Anne Arundel County and the waters contiguous 
to, but not within the territorial limits of adjacent counties, has been established by the 
Shell Fish Commission. This boundary line* has been delineated on the charts of the 
natural oyster bars published by the Coast and Geodetic Survey and is technically 
described and defined as follows: 

Commencing at a point defined by the intersection of the center line of Brewerton Channel and a 
straight line between North Point (Old Tower) and a point defined by latitude 39° 09' 59.3" and 
longitude 76° 28' 39.7", situated on Rock Point; thence along the center line of Brewerton Channel and 
a continuation of the same line to apoint defined by latitude 39° 09' 10.6" and longitude 76° 2i'oo.o", 
situated about 3fV miles ^ east '" of Seven Foot Knoll Light and 3 1",; miles southeast of Craighill Channel 
Light (Front Range); tlience due south in a straight line to apoint defined by latitude 39° 03' 30.0" 
and longitude 76° 21' 00.0", situated about 2^3 miles from Baltimore Light, nearly on a straight line 
between Baltimore Light and Love Point Light; thence in a straight line to a point defined by 
latitude 39° 00' 57.2" and longitude 76° 21' 34 .0" , situated about i,"',; miles east of Sandy Point Light; 
thence in a straight line to a point defined by latitude 38° 53'56.2" andlongitude 76° 24' 32.0", situ- 
ated about i^V miles east of Thomas Point Light; thence in a straight line to a point defined by 
latitude 38° 50' 01. i" and longitude 76° 26' 15.0", situated about 2^2 miles west of Bloody Point Bar 
Light; thence in a .straight line to a point defined by latitude },Vfi 42' 33.4" and longitude 76° 27' 40.0", 
situated about 3^5 miles east of Hog Point; thence in a straight line to a point defined by the inter- 
section of the mean low-water line of the shore of the bay and the southern boundary line of Anne 
Arundel County, in the vicinity of Hog Point. 

LIMITS OF DREDGING AREA ADJACENT TO CRAIGHILL CHANNEL. 

The oyster laws of the State of Maryland define the limits of the area adjacent to 
Craighill Channel in which dredging for oysters is prohibited, and the boundaries of 
the natural oyster bars established by the Maryland . Shell Fish Commission in that 

"See progress map at the end of this publication. '' Statute miles. c True bearings. 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 21 

vicinity have been delineated accordingly. The law defining the boundaries of the 
prohibited area is as follows: 

[Code of Maryland, article 72. section 50.] 

Any person dragging, raking, or dredging for oysters within five hundred yards of either edge of 
the channel at the mouth of the Patapsco River, known as the Craighill Channel, extending from 
Seven Foot Knoll to the mouth of Magothy River, or within five hundred yards of either edge of the 
cut-off connecting the Brewerton and Craighill channels, shall forfeit his boat or vessel; and it shall 
be lawful for any justice of the peace of the county or city in which such person shall be arrested to 
try such person, and on conviction to condemn said boat or vessel and sell the same on five days' 
notice, and fine the said offender a sum of not less than five dollars, nor more than twenty-five dollars, 
for each and every offense; and said justice of the peace shall pay over one-half of said fines and 
forfeitures to the informer, and the other half to the school board of said county or city. 

LIST OF NATURAL OYSTER BARS WITHIN DREDGING AREA OF COUNTY. 

The natural oyster bars open under the existing laws of Maryland for tonging or 
dredging, as the case may be, are not so classed and shown on the published charts, as 
it is a matter more or less subject to change by legislation independent of the oyster- 
culture laws of Maryland. 

However, the Commission in establishing the legal boundaries of the oyster bars 
have so fixed the limits of certain bars that in every case their boundaries are within or 
coincident with the boundary line between the tonging and dredging areas. In estab- 
lishing these boundaries, the Commission have adopted the tonging-dredging limits 
furnished to them through the courtesy of the Commander of the State Fishery Force. 

Most of the natural oyster bars open for dredging are of large area but few in 
number, and a complete list of the dredging bars in "Anne Arundel County and 
Adjacent Waters," is given below to facilitate the search of anyone desiring to locate 
them on the published charts: 

Chart No. i : 

Lumps East of Craighill Channel. 

Bodkin Point North. 

Bodkin Point South. 

Mountain Point. 
Chart No. 2: 

Outer Magothy. 
Chart No. 3: 

(No dredging area on this chart.) 
Chart No. 4: 

Bay Shore. 

BOUNDARIES OF NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 

EXPLANATION OF DESCRIPTIONS OF BOUNDARIES. 

The natural 03'ster bars of Anne Arundel County are 91 in number, and their 
total area as marked out by buoys placed by the hydrographic engineer of the com- 
mission is 33,666 acres. As provided by law, the limits of the oj'ster bars are all 
straight lines, but they iuclo.se areas of all shapes from triangles to complicated nine- 
sided figures, and of all sizes from 4 acres in the rivers to 7,548 acres in the ba}-. 



22 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Artmdel County, Md. 

The sides vary in length from 93 to 7,529 yards, and in some cases the corners of the 
boundaries are practically at the triangulation stations from which they are located, 
while in other instances they are over 10,000 yards from the landmarks most avail- 
able for the purposes of fixing their positions. 

The varied characteristics of the legal boundaries of the oyster bars indicated by 
the above statement, together with the complicated requirements of the law under 
which the survey has been executed, and the magnitude of the work with the con- 
sequent need of fixed and uniform methods, has made the problem of describing the 
boundaries, one of considerable difficulty and importance. 

The boundaries of the natural oy.ster bars of Anne Arundel County, as estab- 
lished by the Shell Fish Commission and delineated on the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
charts and projections, are technically defined and described by a method somewhat 
different from that used in other oyster .surveys. But it is believed that the forms 
finally adopted will fulfill all needs of the survey, and that they can be continued, 
with slight modifications to the end of the work. 

The descriptions have been arranged in tabular form, thus avoiding many hundred 
repetitions of the same words by making one explanation of the tables sufficient for all 
oyster bars in the county. 

At the top of each tabular form is given the legal name of the natural oyster bar 
to be described, its general locality, and the number of the chart on which its legal 
boundaries are shown. 

The first column under the heading of ' ' Corner of bar ' ' gives the number corre- 
sponding to the corner of the boundary as shown on the charts and to the number on 
the buoy marking the actual corner of the bar. The numbers of the corners have been 
assigned by naming the southernmost point No. i , thence proceeding in a clock-wise 
direction around the bar; but where a corner of one bar is identical with the corner of 
one or more other bars, only the number of the corner of the oyster bar being described 
in the table is given in this column. 

The second and third columns under the headings of ' ' Latitude ' ' and ' ' Longitude ' ' 
give the geographic positions of the corners. These positions have been adopted by 
the commission as the primary technical definition of the corners, and should be consid- 
ered as final in case of a dispute arising from discrepancies caused by other means of loca- 
tion. The latitudes and longitudes given in these columns are based on the United States 
.standard datum of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and the points thus defined can be 
relocated from distant triangulation stations of the Survey, even though all the laud- 
marks and buoys originally used for their location have been destroyed by natural 
causes or by the acts of vandals desiring to defeat the purposes of the oyster-culture law. 

The fourth and fifth columns, under the general heading of "True bearings"" and 
the specific headings "Forward " and "Back," give bearings measured from a true north 
and south Hue. The three "Forward" bearings are from the corner of the boundary 
designated in the first column to the triangulation .stations named on the corresponding 
lines in the last column, and the three " Back" bearings are from these same stations 
in the last column to the corresponding corner of boundary in the first column. The 

oThe mean magnetic declination in Anne Arundel County in 1907 was 5° 45' west of north and 
the annual increase 3'. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County , Aid. 23 

difference iu minutes of arc between the forward- and back bearings shown in some cases 
is actual and not accidental, and is due to the fact that the computations took into 
account the spheroidal shape of the earth. 

The sixth. column under the heading of "Distance" gives the three computed dis- 
tances iu 5'ards from the corner of the bar noted in the first column to the triangulation 
stations named on the corresponding lines in the last column, and vice versa. 

The seventh and last column, under the heading of "U. S. C. & G. S. Triangulation 
Station,"" gives the names of the landmarks from which were computed the correspond- 
ing "Latitude, " "Longitude," "True bearing," and "Distance" of the "Corner of 
the bar" designated in the first column. A full description of the location and mark- 
ings of these triangulation stations is given in another part of this publication, under 
the heading of " Descriptions of landmarks." 

SURVEYING METHODS FOR RELOCATION OF BOUNDARIES. 

There are a number of methods that can be used in the relocation of the actual 
boundaries of the natural oyster bars as technically described in this publication and 
delineated on the published charts of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

The following brief descriptions of five of these more or less different methods 
assume a certain amount of experience and knowledge on the part of the engineer in 
the particular kind of surveying under consideration, and are only intended as reminders 
of ways and means that can be used. 

There are two problems that are likely to present themselves to those interested in 
the boundaries of natural oy.ster bars. One, to determine whether the buoys marking 
the corners have been dragged or otherwise moved from their correct positions, and the 
other, to relocate or reestablish a buoy at the point from which it was removed. The 
different ways of solving these two problems partly depend upon the instruments 
possessed by the engineer and his assistants, and partly on his training and experience. 

(i) Triangulation. — This method is the one that will give the greatest accuracy, 
but on account of its requiring special data and instruments, and being an operation 
rarely used by engineers not engaged in geodetic survej'ing, it is recommended only for 
cases in dispute that can not be settled satisfactorily by some other method. An 
explanation of this class of work would be too long for a report of this sort, and those 
not familiar with this method are referred to the publications on the subject by the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

(2) Hydrograpliic. — This method is the most simple and satisfactory one that can 
be adopted if the surveyor can obtain the use of the necessarj' instruments and. assist- 
ants. It is the one best suited, for the work of the engineers of the Commission in 
locating corners of boundaries, as it gives results of the accuracy ordinarily required 
and is rapid in execution. Besides, it has the advantage of being available whenever 
three triangulation stations of suitable relative positions are visible from the off-shore 
points needing relocation. 

Most navigators and others familiar with the use of a sextant are well acquainted 
with the graphic three-point method of fixing a position on water, and only a brief 
description of the operation will be stated. 



"Geographic positions of these triangulation stations can be obtained by application to the Super- 
intendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey at Washington. 



24 Survey of Oyster Bars^ Aiiiir Anuidcl Coiiii/y, Md. 

Ill the case where there is onl)- one engineer having a single sextant, the three- 
point method can be used, but not until the two angles determining the position of any 
buoj' have been calculated from the ' ' Forward bearing ' ' given in the tabular forms 
describing the boundaries of the 05'ster bars. For example, take " Traces Hollow " bar, 
described on page — , and assume that "Corner No. 3" is to be examined as to its 
position. The angle between the two landmarks ' ' Cool ' ' and ' ' Weems, ' ' as determined 
from the forward bearings from this corner, is 101° 02' and the angle between " Weems " 
and "Field" is 68° 52'. Having these two angles, the engineer proceeds to the buoy 
of doubtful location and measures the actual sextant angles between the landmarks for 
which the calculations were made. If the measured and calculated angles do not agree, 
the buoy is not in its correct position and the boundary corner must be relocated. 
This is accomplished b}' moving the boat about until a point is reached where the angles 
do agree, and this point being the desired location, the buoy can be placed in its correct 
position. 

If the engineer can obtain the use of both a sextant and a three-arm protractor 
(" position finder " ) , the availability of the hydrographic method is increased, as the use 
of the protractor is es.sential in case of the washing away or destruction of one or more of 
the landmarks originally' used in describing the boundaries. Under the.se circumstances, 
any three landmarks of suitable relative positions that are visible from the point to be 
located can be utilized. For example, the engineer can proceed to the buoy of doubtful 
position and measure the two adjacent sextant angles between the three landmarks 
selected. These two angles are set on the three-arm protractor and the actual position 
of the buoy plotted on the chart by shifting the protractor about until the edges of each 
of the three arms passes through the center of the symbols on the chart marking the 
position of the three landmarks selected. The center of the hub of the protractor will 
indicate on the chart the actual position of the buoy, and if the point thus obtained 
does not coincide with the true positions of the corner of the boundary as given on the 
chart, the surveyor can proceed to locate the buoy correctly by reversing the operation. 
This is done by placing the center point of the hub of the protractor over the corner of 
the boundary in question and measuring on the chart the two adjacent protractor angles 
between the three .selected landmarks. One of the angles thus obtained is set on the 
sextant and the boat moved about until the two landmarks are .shown by the sextant to 
subtend the .same angle obtained from the protractor. The second angle is then placed 
on the sextant and the .same operation gone through, and so on, first u.sing one angle 
on the sextant then the other, until a point is reached where both observed .sextant 
angles are practically identical with the protractor angles. The point thus located is 
the desired one and the buoy can be placed to mark the true po.sition of the corner of 
the boundary in question. 

If the engineer po.s.se-sses two sextants and a protractor this problem is far easier 
of solution, as the two angles can be placed on separate sextants and the observer can 
quickly find the desired point where they agree with the protractor angles by u.sing one 
sextant after the other without the need of resetting either. 

If there are two observers, two sextants, and a protractor, it can be seen that the 
best conditions for both rapid and accurate hydrographic locations of points are attained; 
in fact, this is the method by which the buoys at the corners of the boundaries were 
originally placed by the hydrographic engineer to the Commis.sion. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Aiinc Arundel County, Md. 25 

(3) Magnetic bearings from offsliore. — This method of fixing a position on water is 
a simple and well-known one in navigation. It is available to anyone having a boat 
compass, and will be of special use to the State Fishery Force in investigating cases 
where buoys are supposed to have been moved for illegal purposes. 

In the case where a buoy is supposed to have been moved from its true position 
the observer takes compass bearings to the three landmarks given in the last column of 
the tables opposite the Vjoundar}' corner in question. These bearings are then corrected 
for the local declination," and if the results agree with the published bearings, the buoy 
is correctly located. 

In the case where the buoy is not in its correct position, or has disappeared alto- 
gether, the desired point can be determined by maneuvering the vessel until the 
corrected bearings agree with the ones in the tabular descriptions, when the buoy can 
be anchored in its proper location. 

In the case where the landmarks for which the bearings are published have been 
destroyed or washed away, any landmark whose position is indicated on the charts can 
be used by getting their bearings directly from the chart \>y parallel rulers or a pro- 
tractor and then applying them in the .same manner as the ones published in the tables. 

(4 ) Magnetic bearings from sliore. — This method will be of special value to engi- 
neers having an ordinary surveyor's compass. The compass can be set over the point 
marking a " triangulation station" on shore, the name of which is given in the last 
column opposite the "corner" in question. The instrument is then set at the corre- 
.sponding "back" bearing (corrected for local magnetic declination), given in the fourth 
column of the tables opposite the "corner" in question and on line with the name of 
the ' ' station ' ' being occupied. The direction thus determined will give one range on 
which the desired point mu.st be located. The compass can then be moved to a second 
triangulation .station and another range located in a similar manner. The intersection 
of these two range lines will give the desired point; but in general it should be checked 
by an additional range line determined from a third station. 

(5) Horizontal angles measured at landniartcs. — This process is a modification of 
the triangulation method, and will be u.seful to engineers who have a transit and desire 
con.siderable accuracy. 

The instrument is placed over a "triangulation station," the name of which 
appears in the last column of the tabular description opposite the ' ' corner ' ' in ques- 
tion. The telescope is then pointed to the landmark indicated in the "Description of 
landmarks" as having a direction of 0° 00' 00" from the triangulation station being 
occupied by the transit. The tabular description of the boundaries is next examined 
and the "back" bearing of the questionable boundarj- "corner," from the landmark 
being occupied, is taken out. The angle calculated from the "back" bearing and the 
bearing given in parentheses alongside the zero landmark in the "Description of 
landmarks" is then laid off on the transit and a range line established, on which the 
desired point must be located. A similar process is then carried on at a second station, 
and so on until the position of the buoy is satisfactorily fixed. 



"The mean magnetic declination for Anne Arnndel County (in 1907) is 5° and 45' west of north, 
and the annual increase is 3'. 



26 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 

LUMPS EAST OF CRAIGHILL CHANNEL. 
(Chesapeake Bay east of Craighill and Cutoff dredged clia?mels- Charts Nos. i and 2. 



Cor- 






True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangulation station. 


of 
bar 






Forward 


Back 


I 


39 03 58. 04 


/ // 
76 23 18.98 


N 67 29 W 
S 30 18W 
S 3 20E 


S 67 31 E 
N 30 17 E 

N 3 20 W 


Yards. 

3683 
4132 
6109 


Peach Hill. 

Magothy. 

Sandy Point Light. 


2 


39 07 41.00 


76 23 18. 60 


N 30 34 W 
N 76 32 W 
S 53 25 W 


S 30 35 E 
S 76 34 E 
N 53 23 E 


3855 
3507 
4957 


Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 
Locust. 


3 


39 10 02. 00 


76 24 13.95 


N 18 3i E 
N 47 43 W 
S 26 25 W 


S 18 31 W 
sS 47 45 E 
N 26 24 E 


2738 
4875 
4398 


Craighill Channel Light. 
North Point (Old Tower). 
Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 


4 39 09 "6.91 

1 


76 21 47.76 


N 33 40 W 
N 84 27 W 
S 70 16 W 


S 33 42 E 
S 84 28 E 
N 70 14 E 


5352 
4366 
6159 


Craighill Channel Light. 
Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 


5 1 38 08 o5. 00 1 76. 21 00.00 


N 32 58 W 
N 66 08 W 
S 89 48 w 


S 32 59 E 
S 66 10 E 

N 89 46 E 


7758 Craighill Channel Light. 
6123 Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
7056 ' Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 


6 39 05 42.40 76 21 00.00 


N 55 39 W 
N82 II W 
S 73 22 W 


sS 55 42 E 
S 82 14 E 
N 73 20 E 


8540 
7695 
7364 


Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 

Locust. 

Peach Hill. 


7 ! 39 03 58. 04 


76 22 40.60 


N 72 16 W 
S 40 56 w 
S 6 08 W 


S 72 18 E 
N 40 55 E 
N 6 08E 


4631 
4721 
6136 


Peach Hill. 

Magothy. 

Sandy Point Light. 



BODKIN POINT NORTH. 
(Chesapeake Bay off Bodkin Creek — Chart No. /.) 





/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 08 09. 93 


76 24 48. 59 


N 9 45E 
S 81 19 W 


S 9 45 W 
N81 19 E 


2377 
1060 


Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 








S 22 20 W 


N 22 20 E 


4251 


Locust. 


2 


39 oS 1 2. 00 


76 25 34. 63 


S 35 13 E 

N 35 20 f; 

N 12 02 W 


N35 12 W 
S 35 21 W 
S 12 03 E 


281 
2786 
7144 


Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 
Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
North Point (Old Tower). 


3 


39 09 17-05 


76 25 55.94 


S 16 35 E 
N 87 54 E 
N 10 59 W 


N 16 35 W 
S 87 54 w 
S 10 59 E 


252S 
2173 
4884 


Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 
Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
North Point (Old Tower). 


4 


39 09 34- 25 


76 25 38. 55 


S 5 03 E 
S 16 16E 
N 18 13 W 


N 5 u2 W 
N 16 15 W 
S iS 13 E 


3015 
1786 
4437 


Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 
Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
North Point (Old Tower). 


5 


38 08 49.70 


76 25 04. 52 


N 39 20 E 
N 21 44 W 
S 22 44 W 


S 39 20 W 

S 21 45 E 
N 22 43 E 


1296 
6155 
1627 


Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
North Point (Old Tower). 
Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

BODKIN POINT SOUTH. 

{Chesapeake Bay — South of Bodkin Point — Chart No. /.) 



27 



Cor- 


Latitude Longitude 


Tnie bearing 


Distance 


U. S. e. & G. S. triangulation station. 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 


/ // 1 / // 
39 06 58. 17 76 24 04.20 


N 9 06 W 
N 44 24 W 
S 61 29 W 


S 9 06 E 

S 44 23 E 
N61 28 E 


yards. 
4824 
3164 
3166 


Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 
Locust. 


2 


39 07 03. 24 


76 24 40.66 


N 2 26 E 
N31 00 W 
S 47 19 W 


S 2 26 w 

S 31 01 E 
N 47 i8 E 


4596 
2438 
2481 


Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 
Locust. 


3 


39 07 34.80 76 25 12.85 


N 16 25 E 
N 21 48 W 
S 19 36 w 


vS 16 26 W 

S 21 48 E 
N 19 36 E 


3678 
1103 
2917 


Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 
Locust. 


4 


39 08 02. 58 , 76 24 28. 22 


N 2 55W 
N 86 49 W 
S 30 14 W 


S 2 55 E 
S 86 50 E 
N 30 13 E 


2594 
1585 
4273 


Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
Bodkin Point (Old Tower). 
Locust. 



MOUNTAIN POINT. 
( Chesapeake Bay between Magothy River and Bodkin Point — Charts No. i and 2. ) 



I 


39 03 30- 57 


76 25 38. 60 


N 6 32 E 

N 34 27 W 
S 42 34 W 


S 6 32W 

S 34 28 E 

N 42 34 E 


Yards. 
2351 
1382 
1446 


Peach Hill. 

Welch. 

Purse. 




2 


39 03 59- 33 


76 25 27. 19 


N 1 22 \V 
N 81 04 W 
S 32 08 W 


S I 22 E 
S 81 04 E 
N 32 08 E 


1367 
1096 
2403 


Peach Hill. 

Welch. 

Purse. 




3 


39 04 28. 57 


76 24 55. 63 


N 66 13 W 
S 66 54 W 
S 34 55 W 


S 66 13 E 
N 66 54 E 
N 34 54 K 


943 
2079 
3683 


Peach Hill. 

Welch. 

Purse. 




4 


39 06 01. 40 


76 25 25.60 


N I 02 W 

N 57 57 W 
S I 33 W 


S I 02 E 
S 57 58 E 
N I 33E 


4175 
759 
2751 


Bodkin Point 
Locust. 
Peach Hill. 


(Old Tower). 


5 


39 06 00. 00 


76 24 04. 22 


N 27 39 W 
N 80 48 W 
S 39 18 w 


S 27 40 E 
S 80 49 E 
N 39 18 E 


4767 
2817 
3494 


Bodkin Point 
Locust. 
Peach Hill. 


(Old Tower). 


6 


39 04 07.45 


76 24 04. 16 


S 56 19 w 

S 88 12 W 
N 63 45 W 


N 56 17 E 

N88 II E 
S 63 46 E 


4160 
3267 
2470 


Purse. 
Welch. 
Peach Hill. 





28 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

SILLERY BAY. 
{Magothy River— Chart No. i.) 



Cor- 
ner 


I,atitude 


I,ongitude 


True bearing 






ot 










bar 






Forward 


Back 








o / // 


/ // 


, 


/ 


Yards. 




1 


39 05 23. 54 


76 26 37. 39 


S 87 05 w 

S 21 21 W 
N 22 38 W 


N 87 04 E 
N 21 21 E 
S 22 38 E 


1261 
478 
767 


Hickory. 

Sillery. 

Bay. 


2 


39 05 26. 75 


76 27 06. 72 


S 70 36 w 

S 47 10 E 
N 38 22 E 


N 70 36 E 
N 47 10 W 
S 38 22 W 


519 

814 

767 


Hickory. 

Sillery. 
Bay. 


3 


39 "5 39- 98 


76 27 oS. 26 


S 74 19 E 
N 73 27 E 
S 36 01 w 


N 74 19 W 
S 73 27 W 
N 35 01 E 


1397 
538 
766 


Phil. 
Bay. 
Hickory. 



PEACH HILL. 

{Magothy River— Chart No. 2. ) 





/ // 




/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 04 48. 75 


76 27 07. 25 


N 40 00 E 
N 23 16 W 
S 74 26 W 


S 40 00 w 
S 23 16 E 
N 74 26 E 


949 
1206 
677 


Sillery. 

Hickory. 

Dobbins. 


2 


39 05 02. 48 


76 27 03. 85 


N63 ooE 
N41 13 W 
S 49 05 w 


S 63 00 W 

. S 41 14 E 

N 49 05 E 


585 
858 
984 


Sillery. 

Hickory. 

Dobbins. 


3 


39 04 51-06 


76 26 49. 96 


N I 09 E 
N 41 59 W 
S 76 50 w 


S I 09 W 
S 42 ooE 
N 76 50 E 


1803 
1392 
1 138 


Bay. 

Hickory. 

Dobbins. 



WELCH. 
[Magothy River^Chart No. 2.) 





/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 04 10. 13 


76 26 38. 98 


N51 16 W 
S 56 29 w 
S 14 16 E 


S 51 16 E 

N 56 28 E 
N 14 15 W 


1791 
1972 

2475 


Dobbins. 

Revell. 

Purse. 


2 


39 04 13- 90 


76 26 45.96 


N 48 04 E 
N 50 41 W 
S 50 13 W 


S 48 04 W 
S 50 42 E 
N 50 12 E 


453 
1569 
1901 


Bluff. 

Dobbins. 

Revell. 


3 


39 04 41. 27 


76 27 03. 46 


N 22 57 W 

N 84 38 W 
S 25 04 W 


S 22 57 E 
S 84 38 E 

N 25 03 E 


1479 
757 
236 r 


Hickory. 
Dobbins. 
Revell. 


4 


39 04 43- 49 


76 26 51. 33 


N 34 50 W 
S 89 47 W 
S 30 47 w 


S 34 50 E 
N 89 47 E 
N 30 47 E 


1567 
1073 
2578 


Hickory. 
Dobbins. 
Revell. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

PARK. 
{Magolhy River— Chart No. 2.) 



29 



Cor- 






True beariug 








Latitude 


Lougitude 






Distance U.S.C. &G 


S. triaugulation station. 








bar 






Forward 


Back 








/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 04 24. 25 


76 28 47. 64 


N 27 06 E 
S 85 32 w 
S 9 01 W 


27 06 W 
N 85 31 E 
N 9 01 E 


825 i Iron. 
2137 1 Ferry. 
796 Huddle. 




2 


39 04 39- 77 


76 29 05. 54 


S 67 25 w 
S 14 47 E 
S 46 37 E 


N 67 24 E 
N 14 43 W 
N 46 36 W 


1798 1 Ferry. 
1355 1 Huddle. 
3040 Revell. 




3 


39 04 43-82 


76 28 59.65 


S 65 31 w 
S 7 31 E 
S 42 44 E 


N 65 30 E 
N 7 31 W 
N 42 43 W 


1994 Ferry. 
1459 ' Huddle. 
302S Revell. 




4 39 04 27. 92 


76 28 39. 59 


N 15 02 E 
S 82 56 W 
S 20 17 W 


S 15 02 W 
N 82 55 E 
N 20 17 E 


632 Iron. 
2360 Ferry. 
971 Huddle. 





UMPHASIS. 
{Magothy River— Chart No. 2. ) 





/ // 


/ // 




/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 03 53- 86 


76 29 16. 45 


N 69 22 E 
N 44 30 W 
N 54 44 W 


S 69 23 w 
S 44 30 E 
S 54 45 E 


676 
2223 
3428 


Huddle. 

Ham. 

Horn. 


2 


39 04 11.64 


76 29 02.84 


N81 30 W 
S 37 14 E 
N 33 46 E 


S 81 30 E 

N37 14 W 

s 33 46 w 


1750 
454 
1394 


Ferry. 

Huddle. 

Iron. 


3 


39 04 10. 87 


75 28 45.31 


N 82 36 W 
S 29 01 W 
S 56 25 E 


S 82 37 E 
N 29 01 E 
N 56 25 W 


2210 
384 
2014 


Ferry 

Huddle. 

Revell. 



BLACK. 
{Magothy River— Chart No. 2.) 





' 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 03 47- 41 


76 28 17.54 


N 66 27 E 
N II 52 W 
N 63 34 W 


S 66 28 W 
S II 53E 
S 63 34 E 


2993 
2020 

1024 


Bluff. 
Iron. 
Huddle. 


2 


39 03 48. 38 


76 28 29.45 


N 69 10 E 
N 3 01 W 
N 54 58 W 


S69 II W 
S 3 01 E 
S 54 58 E 


3271 
1947 
737 


Bluff. 
Iron. 
Huddle. 


3 


39 03 54-30 ■ 76 28 31.69 


N 72 49 E 
N I 26W 
N 67 42 W 


S 72 50 w 
S I 26E 
S 67 42 E 


3262 
1744 
588 


Bluff. 
Iron. 
Huddle. 


4 


39 03 59- 98 76 28 13. 76 


N 73 44 E 
N 18 21 W 
N 88 13 W 


S 73 45 W 
S 18 21 E 
S 88 13 E 


2755 
1636 
1016 


Bluff. 
Iron. 
Huddle. 



30 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

PERSIMMON. 
{Magothy River — Chart No. 2.) 



Cor- 

of 
bar 



True bearing 



Longitude 



U. S. C. & G. S. triangulation station . 



Yards. 1 



I 


39 03 16. 00 


76 26 46. 33 


S 54 28 E 
N 31 28 E 
N 22 14 W 


N 54 28 W 
S 31 28 W 
S 22 14 E 


986 
1913 

3183 


Purse. 
Welch. 
Dobbins. 


2 


39 03 28. 52 


76 26 24. 15 


S 12 II E 

N 18 57 E 
N35 18 W 


N 1 2 1 1 W 
S 18 57 W 
S 35 18 E 


1018 
1278 
3093 


Purse. 
Welch. 
Dobbins. 


3 39 "3 22. 07 


76 26 06. 65 


N I 48 W 
N 39 20 W 
S 17 22 W 


S I 48 E 
S 39 21 E 
N 17 22 E 


1427 

3545 

815 


Welch. 

Dobbins. 

Purse. 



OUTER MAGOTHY. 
{Chesapeake Bay between Satidy Point and Magothy River— Chart No. 2.) 





/ // 





, „ 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 02 06. 32 


76 


24 06. 90 


N 76 20 W 
S 13 38 E 
S 34 43 E 


S 76 20 E 
N 13 38 W 

N 34 43 W 


848 
1320 

2837 


Magoth}'. 

Corn. 

vSand.v Point LiKht- 


2 


39 03 14.62 


76 


26 08. 00 


vS 21 17 W 
S 48 19 E 
N 19 W 


N 21 16 E 
N 48 18 W 
S 19 E 


565 
3163 
1679 


Purse. . 
Magothv. 
Welch. ■ 


3 


39 03 23. 58 


76 


25 53- 64 


S 35 06 W 
S 39 31 E 
N 15 42 W 


N 35 06 E 
N 39 3' W 
fa 15 42 E 


1014 
3118 
1433 


Purse. 
Magothv. 
Welch. " 


4 


39 03 12.25 


76 


24 06. 11 


•S 82 33 w 
S 22 39 W 
S 19 18E 


N 82 32 E 
N 22 39 E 
N 19 17 W 


3439 
2193 
4826 


Purse. 

Magothy. 

Sandy Point Light. 


5 


39 02 21.04 


76 


23 17-27 


N 74 44 W 
S 82 05 w 
S 6 15 E 


S 74 46 E 
N 82 05 E 
N 6 15W 


4867 
2149 

2844 


Purse. 

Magothy. 

Sandy Point Light. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Aid. 

SANDY POINT NORTH. 
{Chesapeake Bay — North of Sandy Point — Chart No. 2.) 



31 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Lougitude 


True bearing 




U. S. C. & G. S. triaiigulation station. 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 




I 


39 01 00.00 


76 23 26. 00 


S So 01 E 
N 38 41 W 
S 39 01 w 


N So 01 W 
S 38 4t E 
N 39 01 E 


Yards. 
547 
1222 
752 


Sandy Point Light. 

Corn. 

Bay Side. 


2 


39 01 33.96 


76 23 31.39 


N 53 41 W 
S 72 53 W 
S 28 47 E 


S 53 42 E 

N 72 53 E 
N 28 47 W 


2182 
652 

1415 


Magothy. 

Corn. 

Sandy Point Light. 


3 : 39 02 06. 32 


76 24 06. 90 


N 76 20 W 

S 13 38 E 
S 34 43 E 


S 76 20 E 

N 13 38 W 
N 34 43 W 


848 
1320 
2837 


Magothy. 

Corn. 

Sandy Point Light. 


4 1 39 02 21.04 


76 23 17.27 


N 74 44 W 
S 82 05 W 
S 6 15 E 


S 74 46 E 
N 82 05 E 
N 6 15 W 


4867 
2149 

2844 


Purse. 

Magothy. 

Sandy Point Light. 


5 


39 01 09. 03 


76 22 54. 49 


N 67 51 W 
S 55 42 W 
S 35 56 W 


S 67 52 E 
N 55 41 E 
N 35 56 E 


1721 
1577 
493 


Corn. 

Bay Side. 

Sandy Point Light. 



SANDY POINT SOUTH. 
( Chesapeake Bay between Sandy Point and Severn River — Chart No. 2. 





/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 59 25.24 


76 24 12. 60 


N 29 39 E 
N 54 24 W 
S 76 41 w 


,S 29 40 w 
S 54 25 E 
N 76 40 E 


3568 
1 135 
T889 


Sandy Point Light. 

Clump. 

Hackett. 


2 


38 59 3'- 59 


76 24 22.86 


N35 II E 
N 55 38 W 
S 67 30 W 


S 35 12 w 

S 55 38 E 
N 67 29 E 


3532 
792 
1697 


Sandy Point Light. 

Chnnp. 

Hackett. 


3 


39 00 09. 70 


76 24 09. 40 


N 46 24 E 
N31 01 E 
S 50 14 W 


S 46 24 W 
S 31 01 W 

N 50 14 E 


2322 
1298 
1311 


Sandv Point Light. 
Bay Side. 
Clump. 


4 


39 GO 40. U2 


76 23 19. 79 


N 31 01 E 
N 81 59 W 
S 51 12 w 


S 13 01 W 
S 81 59 E 
Nsr II E 


690 
643 
2969 


Sandy Point Light. 
Bay Side. 
Clump. 


5 


39 00 39. 6u 


76 23 n>. 25 


Nil 55 E 
N 83 20 W 
S 54 15 W 


S II 55 W 
S 83 20 E 
N 54 14 E 


608 

893 
3161 


Sandv Point Light. 
Bay vSide. 
Clump. 


6 


39 00 09. 44 


76 23 25.80 


N 18 21 E 
N 23 07 W 
S 68 57 W 


S 18 22 W 
S 23 07 E 
N 68 56 E 


1696 
1222 
2310 


Sandy Point Light. 
Bay Side. 
Clump. 


7 


38 59 30.91 


76 24 Ot). 00 


N 26 14 E 
N 69 29 W 
S 73 54 W 


S 26 15 W 
S 69 29 E 

N 73 53 E 


3244 
1340 
2258 


Sandy Point Light. 

Clump. 

Hackett. 



32 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arimdel County, Md. 



HACKETT POINT. 
(^Annapolis Roads^Chart No. 2.) 



Cor- 






True bearing 
















Distance 




bar 






Forward 


Back 








/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 57 49. 56 


76 25 51.90 


N 15 32 E 
N 76 41 W 
S 35 05 W 


S 15 32 w 
S 76 42 E 
N 35 04 E 


2897 
2281 
3260 


Hackett. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 


2 


38 58 13. 82 


76 26 05. 14 


N 29 40 E 
S 81 08 W 
S 23 38 w 


S 29 41 w 

N 8r 07 E 
N 23 37 E 


2271 
1894 
3806 


Hackett. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 


3 


38 58 49. 60 


76 25 50.84 


N 44 17 E 
N 17 06 W 
S 56 19 w 


S 44 17 W 
S 17 06 E 
N 56 18 E 


1073 
i960 
2702 


Hackett. 

Chase. 

Greenbury Point Light. 


4 


38 58 52. 60 


75 25 22. 77 


N 27 39 E 
N 46 E 
S 61 50 W 


S 27 40 W 
vS 46 W 
N 61 48 E 


1989 
665 
3388 


Clump. 

Hackett. 

Greenbury Point Light. 


5 


3S 59 31- 59 


76 24 22. 86 


N 35 1 1 E 
N 55 38 W 
S 67 30 W 


S 35 12 w 
S 55 38 E 
N 67 29 E 


3532 
792 
1697 


Sandy Point Light. 

Clump. 

Hackett. 


6 


38 59 25.24 


76 24 12.60 


N 29 39 E 
N 54 24 W 
S 76 41 W 


S 29 40 W 
S 54 25 E 
N 76 40 E 


3568 
1135 

1889 


Saudy Point Light. 

Clump. 

Hackett. 


7 


38 59 02. 50 


76 24 18. 26 


N 28 29 W 
N 78 54 W 
S 67 35 W 


S 28 29 E 

vS 78 54 E 
N 67 33 E 


1625 
1721 
5068 


Clump. 

Hackett. 

Greenbur}' Point Light. 


8 


38 57 54- 38 


76 24 54.95 


N 15 23 W 
N 84 25 W 
S 50 00 W 


S 15 23 E 
S 84 26 E 
N 49 59 E 


2726 

3737 
4404 


Hackett. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 



WHITEHALL CREEK. 
{Whitehall Bay— Chart No. 3.) 





/ // 


/ // 


= / 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 59 30. 41 


76 25 55. 80 


N 41 54 W 
S 36 22 W 
S 60 41 E 


S 41 55 E 
N 36 21 E 
N 60 41 W 


667 

3571 

479 


Chase. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Spit. 


2 


38 59 36. 98 


76 26 27. 62 


S 22 27 W 
S 70 02 E 

N 54 54 E 


N 22 27 E 
N 70 02 W 
S 54 54 W 


3351 
1335 
479 


Greenbury Point Liglit. 

Spit. 

Chase. 


3 


38 59 39- 61 


76 26 27. 17 


S 22 04 W 
S 66 20 E 
N 63 51 E 


N 22 04 E 
N 66 20 W 
S 63 51 W 


3437 
1357 
423 


Greenbury Point Light. 

Spit. 

Chase. 


4 


38 59 39-62 


76 26 06. 79 


N 40 04 W 
S 29 51 w 

vS 52 22 E 


S 40 04 E 
N 29 50 E 
N 52 21 W 


243 

3672 

892 


Chase. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Spit. 


5 


38 59 48. 92 


76 25 53.42 


S 75 56 W 
S 22 27 E 
S 85 27 E 


N 75 55 E 
N 22 27 W 
N 85 26 W 


524 
930 
1736 


Chase. 

Spit. 

Clump. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

SAND SPIT. 
( Whitehall Bay— Chart No. 2.) 



33 



Cor- 






True bearing 






ner 


lyatitude 


IvOUgitude 






Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangulation station. 


ot 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 


/ // 

38 59 28. 58 


76 25 40. 10 


N 56 58 W 
S I 24E 
N 68 19 E 


S 56 59 E 
N I 24 W 
S 68 20 W 


Yards. 
1025 

173 
1484 


Chase. 

Spit. 

Clump. 


2 


38 59 32. 55 


76 25 43. 61 


S 17 29 E 
N 74 16 E 
N61 01 W 


N 17 29 W 
S 74 17 W 
S 61 02 E 


322 

1529 
876 


Spit. 

Clump. 

Chase. 


3 


38 59 36. 64 


76 25 31.06 


N 75 21 W 
S 27 44 W 
N 76 23 E 


S 75 22 E 
N 27 44 E 
S 76 23 w 


1131 
502 

1175 


Chase. 

Spit. 

Clump. 



WHITEHALL. 
(Annapolis Roads — Chart No. 2.) 





/ // 




/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 57 34- 40 


76 26 50. 62 


N 23 37 W 
S 63 14 W 
S 8 38 W 


S 23 38 E 
N 63 13 E 
N 8 38 E 


1912 
2154 
2183 


Greenbury. 

Gram. 

Tolly. 


2 


38 57 58. 45 


76 27 23. 80 


S 10 26 W 

N 41 27 E 
N 66 13 W 


N 10 26 E 
S 41 27 W 
S 66 13 E 


3018 
302 
1801 


Tolly. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Horn. 


3 


38 58 31-52 


76 26 46. 72 


N rg 48 E 
S 78 35 W 
S 41 08 W 


S 19 49 W 
N 78 35 E 
N 41 08 E • 


2645 
886 
1 183 


Chase. 

Greenbury. 

Greenbury Point Light. 


4 


38 58 57- 50 


76 26 47-47 


S 23 12 w 

N 63 46 b; 

N 29 38 E 


N 23 12 E 
S 63 47 w 
S 29 38 W 


1920 
1982 
1848 


Greenbur}' Point Light. 

Spit. 

Chase. 


5 


38 59 20. 75 


76 26 27. 40 


S 26 45 W 
N 85 49 E 

N 25 08 E 


N 26 45 E 

S 85 49 W 
S 25 08 w 


2855 
1252 
911 


Greenbury Point Lii^ht. 

Spit. 

Chase. 


6 


38 59 09.60 


76 26 21. 62 


N 66 55 E 
Nil 02 E 


S 66 56 W 
S II 02 w 


1 192 
1222 


Spit. 
Chase. 








S 46 20 W 


N 46 20 E 


2114 


Greenbury. 


7 


38 58 45. 22 


76 26 28. 90 


N 44 59 E 
N It 53E 
S 64 31 W 


S 44 59 W 
S II 53 w 
N 64 31 E 


1823 
2065 
1482 


Spit. 

Chase. 

Greenbury. 


8 


38 58 06. 96 


76 26 17. 16 


N 33 10 E 
S 87 45 W 
S 20 22 w 


S 33 10 W 
N 87 45 E 
N 20 22 E 


2633 
1555 
3473 


Hackett. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 



34 Sicrvey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

WRECK BUOY. 
{^Annapolis Roads — Chart No. 2.) 



Cor- 
ner 


I^atitude 


I^ongitude 


True bearing 




U. S. C. S G. S. triangulation station. 


of 








bar 






Forward 


Back 






I 


/ // 
38 57 45. 00 


/ // 
76 26 08. 80 


/ 
N I 28W 
N 69 03 W 
S 29 36 W 


S I 28E 
S 69 03 E 

N 29 36 E 


Yards. 

4053 
1901 
2893 


Chase. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 


2 


38 57- 45- 74 


76 26 24. 60 


N 4 26E 
N 64 17 W 
S 21 45 W 


S 4 26 W 

S 64 17 E 
N 21 44 E 


4039 
1508 
2735 


Chase. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 


3 


38 57 56. 16 


76 26 26.80 


N 5 45E 
N 76 53 W 
S 18 17 W 


S 5 45W 

S 76 54 E 
N iS 16 E 


3694 
1336 
3045 


Chase. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 


4 


38 57 57-21 


76 25 57. 41 


N 6 20W 
N 82 38 W 
S 30 34 W 


S 6 20E 
S 82 39 E 
N 30 34 E 


3662 
2092 
3400 


Chase. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 



TOLLY POINT. 
(Annapolis Roads — Charts Nos. 2 and j.) 





a / // 


/ // 




/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 55 51.02 


76 25 58. 66 


N 24 18 W 
N51 56W 

S 4 31 w 


S 24 17 E 
S 51 56 E 
N 4 31 E 


4963 
2154 
3883 


Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 

Thomas Point Light. 




2 


38 56 45. 52 


76 27 13.00 


S 27 13E 
N 30 27 E 
N 40 oS W 


N 27 12 W 
S 30 28 w 
S 40 09 E 


573 
5744 
2884 


Tolly. 

Hackett. 

Start. 




3 


38 57 28. 74 


76 27 32.60 


N 60 54 W 
S 46 22 W 
S 21 35 E 


S 60 54 E 

N 46 22 E 
N 21 35 W 


1537 
1 130 
2115 


Start. 
Gram. 
Tolly. 




4 


38 57 42. 02 


76 27 10.60 


N 10 44 W 
S 48 42 W 
S 4 42 E 


S 10 45 E 
N 48 42 E 
N 4 42 W 


794 
1859 
2422 


Greenbury Point Light. 

Gram. 

Tolly. 




5 


38 57 13- 35 


76 26 51. 19 


N 20 40 W 

S 82 14 w 

S 12 11 W 


S 20 40 E 
N 82 14 E 
N 12 II E 


1867 
1926 
1481 


Greenbury Point Light. 

Gram. 

Tolly. 




6 


38 57 03-78 


76 26 25. 24 


N 20 52 E 
N 33 02 W 
S 41 31 w 


S 20 53 W 

S 33 02 E 
N41 31 E 


4640 
2463 
1503 


Hackett. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 




' 


38 56 13-81 


76 25 32.62 


N 2 33E 
N 36 00 W 
N 76 46 W 


S 2 33W 
S 36 01 E 
S 76 46 E 


6027 

4641' 
2447 


Hackett. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Tolly. 





Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

CHINKS POINT. 
{Annapolis Roads — Chart No. 2.) 



35 



Cor- 


I^atitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 




U. S. C. & G. S. triangulation station. 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 




I 


38 57 17-56 


76 28 00. 09 


N 35 45 E 
N 28 51 W 
S 13 07 W 


S 35 44 W 
S 28 51 E 
N 13 07 E 


Yards. 
1977 
1284 

413 


Greenbury Point Light. 

Start. 

Gram. 


2 


38 57 53- 74 76 28 09. 53 


S 75 31 W 
S 5 27 E 

N 74 40 E 


N 75 31 E 
N 5 27 W 
S 74 41 W 


383 
1629 
1456 


Start. 
Gram. 
Greenbury Point Light. 


3 


38 57 59. 42 76 27 47. 38 


S 73 14 W 

? 13 17 w 

N 76 45 E 


N 73 14 E 
N 13 17 E 
S 76 45 W 


996 
1863 
843 


Start. 
Gram. 
Greenbury Point Light. 


4 


38 57 42. 02 


76 27 10. 60 


N 10 44 W 
S 48 42 W 
S 4 42 E 


S 10 45 E 
N 48 42 E 
N 4 42 W 


794 
1859 
2422 


Greenbury Point Light. 

Gram. 

Tolly. 


5 


38 57 28. 74 


76 27 32. 60 


N 60 54 W 
S 46 22 w 
S 21 35 E 


S 60 54 E 
N 46 22 E 
N 21 35 W 


1537 
1130 
2115 


Start. 
Gram. 
Tolly. 



INSIDE GREENBURY POINT. 

{Lower Severn River — Chart No. 2.) 



I 


38 58 13-37 


/ // 
76 27 29.65 


S 61 56 W 
S 51 54 E 
N30 56 E 


N 61 55 E 

N51 54 w 
S 30 56 w 


Yards. 
1610 
449 
510 


Start. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Greenbury. 


2 


38 58 14.06 


76 27 36. 89 


S 57 35 W 
S 61 06 E 

N47 34 E 


N 57 .35 E 
N 61 06 W 
S 47 34 W 


1457 
622 
612 


Start. 

Greenbury Point Light. 

Greenbury. 


3 


38 58 55- 75 


76 27 29.30 


S 82 28 W 
S51 15 W 
S II 25 E 


N 82 28 E 
N51 15 E 
Nil 24 W 


3156 
1927 
1 741 


State House Dome. 

Horn. 

Greenbury Point Light. 


4 


38 58 54- 50 


76 27 18.35 


S 83 48 W 
S 56 59 w 
S I 56E 


N 83 48 E 
N 56 58 E 
N I 56W 


3438 
2137 
1666 


>State House Dome. 

Horn. 

Greenbury Point Light. 



36 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

HORN POINT. 
{Mouth of Severn River — Chart No. 2. ) 



Cor-' 


Longitude 


True bearing 




U. S. C. & G. .S. triangulation station. 










bar 




Forward 


Back 








/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 57 59-58 


76 28 13. 62 


N 82 55 E 
N 26 02 W 


S 82 55 W 
S 26 02 E 


1523 
766 


Greenbury Point LiKht. 
Horn. 








S 41 57W 


N 41 56 E 


395 


Start. 


2 


38 58 25.61 


76 28 14.43 


N 72 44 W 
S 58 57 W 
S 65 46 E 


vS 72 45 E 
N 58 57 E 
N 65 46 W 


202S 
367 
1681 


State House Dome. 

Horn. 

Greenbury Point Light. 


3 


38 58 34- 38 


76 28 46. 21 


S 67 25 E 

N 20 20 E 


N 67 26 W 
S 20 20 w 


2566 
1339 


Greenbury Point Light. 
Bluff. 






N 74 27 W 


S 74 28 E 


1 146 


State House Dome. 


4 38 58 49- 44 


76 28 17.05 


N 22 03 W 
S 83 54 w 
S 47 00 E 


S 22 03 E 
N 83 53 E 
N 46 59 W 


806 
1S83 
2190 


Bluff. 

State House Dome. 

Greenbury Point Light. 


5 


38 58 40.06 


76 28 06. 03 


N 29 oS W 
N 86 56 W 


S 29 08 E 
S 86 57 E 


I2I7 

2165 


Bluff. 

State House Dome. 








S 48 05 E 


N 48 05 W 


1763 


Greenbury Point Light. 


6 I 38 58 07. 42 


76 27 49. 50 


S 85 00 E 
N I 08E 


N 85 00 W 
S 1 08 W 


879 
1695 


Greenbury Point Light. 
Fort. 








S 58 n W 


N 58 II E 


105b 


Start. 



OLD FORT. 

[Lower Severn River — Chart No. .?. ) 



I 


/ // 
38 58 41. 78 


/ // 
76 27 42.38 


N 15 57 W 
S 57 38 W 
S 48 52 E 


/ 

S 15 57 E 

N 57 37 E 
N 48 51 W 


Yards. 
561 
1375 
793 


Fort. 
Horn. 
Greenbury. 


2 


38 58 49. 56 


76 28 09. 64 


N 64 08 E 
N 33 48 W 
S 23 51 W 


S 64 09 W 

S 33 48 E 
N23 51 E 


627 
S95 
1090 


Fort. 
Bluff. 
Horn. 


3 


38 5S 56- 77 


76 27 57. 56 


S 79 22 W 
S 31 28 w 
S 44 08 E 


N 79 22 E 
N 31 28 E 
N 44 08 W . 


2427 
1453 
1430 


State House Dome. 

Horn. 

Greenbury. 


4 


38 58 49- 85 


76 27 37.41 


S 85 48 w 
S 52 01 w 
S 30 26 E 


N 85 47 E 
N 52 00 E 
N 30 26 W 


2923 
1636 
921 


State House Dome. 

Horn. 

Greenbury. 



Stirvey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 

LITTLE SANDY. 
{Lower Severn River — Chart No. 2.) 



37 



Cor- 


Latitude 


I^ongitiide 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. .S. triangiiUition station. 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 


3S 58 49- S6 


76 28 og. 64 


N 64 08 E 
N 33 48 W 
S 23 51 w 


S 64 09 W 
S 33 48 E 
N 23 51 B 


Yards. 
627 
895 
1090 


Fort. 
Bluff. 
Horn . 


2 


38 58 59- 72 


76 28 r6. 91 


N 37 24 W 
S 73 45 W 
S 40 58 E 


S 37 24 E 
N 73 44 E 
N 40 57 W 


504 
i954 
2438 


Bluff. 

State House Dome. 

Greenbury Liglit. 


3 


38 58 56. 77 


76 27 57. 56 


S 79 22 W 
S 31 28 W 

S 44 08 E 


N 79 22 E 
N31 28 E 
N 44 08 W 


2427 
1453 
1430 


State House Dome. 
Horn. 

Greenbury. 



CRECES COVE. 

{Lower Severn' River — Chart No. 2.) 



I 


3859 


13-44 


76 28 38. 63 


N 39 18 W 
S 52 15 w 
S 76 47 E 


S 39 19 E 
N 52 14 E 
N 76 47 ^v 


Yards. 
"94 
1646 
272 


Brice. 

State House Dome, 

Bluff. 


2 


38 59 


23-31 


76 28 39. 65 


N 50 59 W 
S 43 34 W 
S 9 17 E 


S 51 00 E 
N 43 33 E 
N 9 17 W 


938 
1854 
2164 


Brice. 

State House Dome. 

Horn 


3 


3859 


23-65 


76 28 33. 55 


S 85 24 W 
S 46 43 W 
S 5 01 E 


N 85 24 E 
N 46 42 E 

N 5 01 W 


1498 
1975 
2155 


Hospital Cupola. 
State House Dome. 
Horn. 


4 


3859 


13-78 


76 28 33. 22 


N 44 34 W 
S 54 46 W 
S 59 03 E 


S 44 34 E 
N 54 46 E 
N 59 03 W 


1281 

1771 

143 


Brice. 

State House Dome. 

Bluff. 



FERRY POINT. 

{Lozvcr Sez'eni Rijier — Chart No. 2.) 





/ ,/ 




/ 


, 


Yards. 




I 


38 59 23. 08 


76 28 49.50 


N 38 05 W 
S 84 37 W 
S 37 19 w 


S 38 05 E 
N 84 37 E 
N 37 19 E 


760 
1078 
1679 


Brice. 

Hospital Cupola. 
State House Dome. 


2 


38 59 34- 03 


76 28 58.13 


N 46 39 W 
S 60 57 W 
S 24 53 W 


S 46 39 E 
N 60 56 E 

N 24 53 E 


334 
-969 

1879 


Brice. 

Hospital Cupola. 

State House Dome. 


3 


38 59 36. 13 


76 28 54.03 


N 65 41 W 
S 60 27 W 
S 26 51 W 


S 65 41 E 
N 60 26 E 
N 26 51 E 


385 
1098 
1989 


Brice. 

Hospital Cupola. 

State House Dome. 


4 


38 59 24. 91 


76 28 45. 70 


N 46 43 W 
S 82 06 W 
S 38 40 W 


S 46 43 E 
N 82 06 E 
N 38 40 E 


783 
1185 
1789 


Brice. 

Hospital Cupola. 

State House Dome. 



38 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

PEACH ORCHARD. 
{Middle Severn River— Chart No. 2.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangulation station. 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 


38 59 36. 22 


76 29 17.07 


N 58 41 E 
N 59 42 W 
S 32 37 W 


S 58 41 w 
vS 59 42 E 
N 32 36 E 


Yards. 
300 
644 
646 


Brice. 
Field. 
Hospital Cupola. 


2 


38 59 46.01 


76 29 13.91 


N 31 34 W 
S 89 33 W 
S 44 37 E 


S 31 34 E 
N 89 33 E 
N 44 37 W 


1318 
640 
245 


Knob. 
Field. 
Brice. 


3 


39 00 06. 98 


76 29 25. 53 


N 42 43 W 
S 25 06 W 
S 28 25 E 


S 42 43 E 
N 25 06 E 
N 28 25 W 


^ 566 
786 
1005 


Knob. 
Field. 
Brice. 


4 


39 00 09. 77 : 76 29 35. 76 


N51 nW 
S 4 34 W 
S 37 27 E 


vS 51 13 E 
N 4 34E 
N 37 27 W 


1219 
809 
1229 


Spring. 

Field. 

Brice. 


5 


39 00 15.30 76 29 29.75 


N 63 36 W 

S 12 38 w 
S 26 54 E 


S 63 36 E 
N 12 38 E 
N 26 53 W 


305 
1017 

1304 


Knob. 
Field. 
Brice. 


6 


39 00 12.79 ' 76 29 23.64 


N 63 06 W 
S 22 53 W 
S 21 41 E 


S 63 06 E 

N 22 53 E 
N 21 41 W 


487 
985 
1 159 


Knob. 
Field. 
Brice. 


7 


3S 59 58.56 1 76 29 12.85 


N 45 43 W 
S 57 19W 
S 13 35 E 


S 45 43 E 
N 57 18 E 
N 13 35 W 


1003 
793 
6i5 


Knob. 
Field. 
Brice. 


8 


38 59 39. 41 


76 29 10.39 


N 59 01 E 
N 73 27 W 
S 38 48 W 


S 59 01 W 
S 73 28 E 
N 38 48 E 


93 
763 
837 


Brice. 
Field. 
Hospital Cupola. 



WEEMS LOWER. 
{Middle Severn Riz<er — Chart No. 2. 





/ // 


/ ,/ 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 59 38. 30 


76 29 26. 54 


N 80 24 E 
N 50 18 W 
S 9 09 W 


S So 25 W 
S 50 18 E 
N 9 09 E 


512 

399 
623 


Brice. 

Field. 

Hospital Cupola. 


2 


38 59 39. 00 


76 29 33. 72 


S 8 02 E 
N 84 55 E 
N 27 03 W 


N 8 02 W 
S 84 55 W 
S 27 03 E 


644 
697 
260 


Hospital Cupola. 

Brice. 

Field. 


3 


38 59 45- 23 


76 29 32. 87 


N Si 24 W 

s 4 34E 

S 77 32 E 


S 81 24 E 
N 434W 
N 77 32 W 


142 
851 
688 


Field. 

Hospital Cupola. 

Brice. 


4 


38 59 44. 58 


76 29 25.80 


N 82 28 W 
S 8 09 W 
S 75 24 E 


S 82 28 E 
N 8 09E 

N 75 24 W 


329 

834 
502 


Field. 

Hospital Cupola. 

Brice. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

WEEMS UPPER. 
{Middle Severn River — Chart No. 2.) 



39 



Cor- 






True bearing 








ner 


lyatitude 


Longitude 






Distance 


U. S. C. & G 


S. triangulation station. 


of 






bar 






Forward 


Back 










/ // 


, „ 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 59 50- 39 


76 29 41.68 


S 70 21 E 
N 2 24E 
N 49 34 W 


N 70 21 W 
S 2 24W 
S 49 35 E 


959 

977 
1543 


Brice. 
Knob. 
Weems. 




2 


38 59 57- 50 


76 30 00. 96 


N 68 16 E 
N 36 41 E 
N41 15 W 


S 68 16 W 
S 36 41 W 
S 4i 15 E 


1518 
918 
1012 


Brice. 
Knob. 
Weems. 




3 


38 59 59- 38 


76 29 37. 93 


S 52 08 'E 
N 4 55 W 
N 61 17 W 


N 52 08 W 
S 4 55E 
S 6r 18 E 


1019 
675 
1451 


Brice. 
Knob. 
Weems. 





WADE. 

{Middle Severn River— Chart No. 2.) 





/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 00 02. 43 


76 29 54. 00 


S 59 i8 E 
N 32 39 E 
N 24 57 W 


N 59 18 W 
S 32 39 W 
S 24 57 E 


1427 
677 
1115 


Brice. 
Knob. 
vSpring. 


2 


39 00 15.01 


76 30 28. 50 


S 61 39 E 
N 83 29 E 

N 36 41 E 


N 61 38 W 
S 83 30 W 
S 36 41 W 


2427 
1282 
732 


Brice. 
Knob. 
Spring. 


3 


39 00 II. 88 


76 30 06. 26 


S 55 58 E 
N 69 57 E 
N 12 03 W 


N 55 57 W 
S 69 57 W 
S 12 03 E 


1871 
732 
709 


Brice. 
Knob. 
Spring. 



40 



Sufi'cy of Oyster Bars., Anne Arundel County, Md. 



TRACES HOLLOW. 

[Middle Severn River—Chayt No. 2.) 



Cor- 
ner 


I^atitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 




U. .S. C. & G. S. triangulation station. 


ot 
bar 


Forward 


Back 




I 


/ // 
39 00 12. 22 


76 29 44. 45 


N 76 30 W 
S 10 28 E 
S 42 41 E 


S 76 31 E 
N 10 28 W 

N 42 40 W 


Yards. 

"33 

904 
1440 


Weems. 

Field. 

Brice. 


2 


39 00 20.81 


76 29 53.66 


N 52 01 W 
S 88 19 W 
S 19 02 E 


S 52 02 E 
N8S 19 E 
N 19 03 W 


1801 
860 
1247 


Cool. 

Weems. 

Field. 


3 


39 00 30. 13 


76 30 r7. 58 


N 44 52 W 
S 34 06 w 
S 34 46 E 


S 44 52 E 
N 34 06 E 
N 34 45 W 


II2I 
410 
I27I 


Cool. 

Weems. 
Field. 


4 


39 00 40. 05 


76 30 24. 06 


N 53 27 W 
S 5 ui w 
S 33 26 E 


S 53 27 E 
N 5 01 E . 
N 33 26 \\' 


772 
677 
2189 


Cool. 

Weems. 

Field. 


5 


39 00 29. 69 


76 30 11.27 


N 49 47 W 
S 50 38 W 
S 30 29 E 


S 49 47 E 
N 50 38 E 
N 30 29 W 


1253 
512 
I7I5 


Cool. 

Weems. 

Field. 


6 


39 00 27. 30 


76 29 54. 97 


s 73 30 w 

S 17 3r E 
S 38 39 E 


N 73 30 E 
N 17 31 W 
N 38 38 W 


851 
1465 
2007 


Weems. 

Field. 

Brice. 


7 


39 00 15 52 


76 29 37.44 


N 83 13 W 
S I loW 
S 34 05 E 


S 83 13 E 
N I 10 E 
N 34 05 W 


1295 
lOOI 

I4J3 


Weems. 

Field. 

Brice. 



SHARP POINT. 
[Middle Severn River — Chart A'c. z. 



I 


= / // 

39 .00 21.87 


/ // 
76 30 22.03 


S 85 32 E 

N 36 54 E 
N 65 00 W 


N 85 32 W 
S 36 54 w 

S 65 01 E 


Yards. 
1 106 

445 
"45 


Knob. 

Spring. 

Luce. 


2 


39 00 28. 40 


76 30 54. 04 


N 83 05 E 
N II II E 
N 36 35 W 


S 83 05 W 
S II 1 1 w 
S 36 35 E 


1118 
869 
328 


Spring. 

Cool. 

Luce. 


3 


39 00 40.02 


75 30 51.60 


N 62 07 W 
S 63 46 W 
S 44 40 E 


S 62 07 E 
N 63 45 E 
N 44 40 W 


1237 
290 

947 


Salt. 
Luce. 
Weems. 



Suitiey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Afvindef County^ Md. 

SALTWORK. 
( upper Severn River — Chart No. 2.) 



41 



Cor- 


Latitude. 




gittide 


True bearing 


Di.stauce 


U. S. C. & G. S. 


triangulation station. 








bar 








Forward | Back 










/ // 


/ 


// 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






1 


39 ^'" 3S. 76 


76 3^ 


. 5«- ^'6 


N 56 04 W 
S 46 2S W 

S 52 57 K 


S 56 05 E 
N 46 25 E 

N 52 58 W 


III2 

125 

1047 


Salt. 
Luce. 
Weeni.s. 




2 


39 "" 45. 4<J 


76 3 


1 7- u3 


S 52 53 K 
N 10 59 E 
N 46 53 W 


N 52 53 AV 
S 10 59 W 
S 46 53 E 


513 
852 
581 


Luce. 
Chase. 
Salt. 




3 


39 '-'<' 4«- 27 


76 3 


15. 62 


S 42 2S E 
N 9 36 K 
N 56 56 W 


N 42 28 W 
S 9 36 W 
S 56 56 E 


551 

750 

55" 


Luce. 

Chase. \ 
Salt. 




4 


39 uo 41.62 


76 3^ 


' 56.55 


N 61 25 W 
S 35 28 W 
S 47 35 E 


S 61 26 E 

N 35 28 E 
N 47 35 W 


1096 
223 
1078 


Salt. 

Luce. 

Weems. 





ROCK POINT LOWER. 
( Upper Severn River — Chart No. 2.) 



I 39 


uo 48. 77 


76 30 47. 67 


N 40 10 W 
S 40 39 W 
S 59 39 E 


S 40 10 E 
N 40 39 E 
N 59 39 W 


Yards. 
946 
558 
1091 


Chase. 

Luce. 

Spring. 


2 39 


M 53- 5*^^ 


76 30 55. 06 


N 36 25 W 
S 16 10 W 

S 57 58 E 


S 36 25 E 
N 16 TO E 
N 57 58 W 


700 
607 
1341 


Chase. 
Luce. 
Spring. 


3 39 


01 07. 97 


76 30 56. 36 


N 78 48 W 
S 7 10 W 
S 26 05 E 


S 78 48 E 
N 7 10 E 
N 26 05 W 


389 
1079 
1799 


Chase. 
Luce. 
Weems. 



CHASE. 
( Upper Severn River — Chart No. 2. ) 



I 


39 01 


06. 64 


76 31 


16. 52 S 60 06 E 
N51 0-, E 
N62 12 W 


/ 
N60 06W 
S 51 03 w 
S 62 12 E 


Yards. 
877 
191 
681 


Cool. 

Chase. 

Clem. 


2 


39 ui 


21.97 


76 31 


17.74 ! N 27 51 W 
S 70 47 w 
S 25 51 W 


S 27 51 E 
N 70 47 E 
N 25 51 E 


355 
605 
930 


Point. 
Clem. 
Salt. 


3 


39 01 


08. 33 


76 31 


It. 62 S 51 57 E 
N 17 30 E 
N 70 22 W 


N51 57W 
S 17 30 W 
S 70 23 E 


802 
67 

778 


Cool. 

Chase. 

Clem. 



330—07- 



42 



Sumey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 

CLEM POINT. 
( upper Severn River — Chart No. 2. ) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 

76 31 34-33 
76 31 53- 55 
76 31 36. 87 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangulation station. 


of 
bar 


Forward Back 


I 
2 

3 


39 01 16. 96 
39 or 28. 05 
39 01 25- 75 


vS 69 46 E 
N 29 1 1 E 
N 2 06 E 

S 61 49 E 
N 81 58 E 
N 30 35 E 

S 52 33 E 
N60 57 E 
N 6 28E 


N 69 46 W 
S 29 12 W 
S 2 06 w 

N 61 49 W 
S 81 58 W 
S 30 35 W 

N 52 33 W 
S 60 57 W 
S 6 28 W 


Yards. 
658 

553 
1312 

1274 
783 
1088 

862 
385 
1021 


Chase. 
Point. 
Bight. 

Chase. 
Point. 
Bight. 

Chase. 
Point. 
Bight. 



POINT. 
( I pper Severn River — Chart No. 2. ) 





/ // 


/ // 


/ 




Yards. 




I 


39 °i 31-79 


76 31 36.54 


S 8 II W 


N 8 II E 


536 


Clem. 








S 87 07 E 


N 87 07 W 


329 


Point. 








N 7 2SE 


S 7 28 W 


818 


Bight. 


2 


39 01 46. 21 


76 31 33. 43 


N 4 18 E 


S 4 18 w 


326 


Bight. 








S 78 43 W 


N 78 42 E 


701 


Brewer. 








S 8 51 W 


N 8 50E 


1029 


Clem. 


3 


39 01 44. 38 


76 31 27. 74 


N 17 57 W 


S 17 57 E 


406 


Bight. 








S 84 51 w 


N84 5' E 


841 


Brewer. 








S 17 52 w 


N 17 52 E 


1003 


Clem. 



AISQUITH CREEK. 
( Upper Severn River — Chart No. 2. ) 



I 


39 01 48. 26 


76 31 


.34- 61 


N 12 15 E 
S 72 33 W 
S 6 41 W 


S 12 15 W 
N 72 33 E 
N 6 41 E 


Yards. 
261 

688 
"093 


Bight. 

Brewer. 

Clem. 


2 


39 01 56. 26 


76 31 


43-25 


N 48 07 W 
S 42 02 W 
S 87 08 E 


S 48 07 E 
N 42 02 E 
N87 08 W 


639 
641 
283 


Arnold. 
Brewer. 
Bight. 


3 


39 01 59. 25 


76 31 


38. 16 


N 60 49 W 
S 44 17 W 
S 52 14 E 


S 60 49 E 
N 44 17 E 
N 52 14 W 


769 
807 
188 


Arnold. 
Brewer. 
Bight. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

BREWER (SEVERN RIVER). 
' (^Uppcr Severn River — Chart No. 2.) 



43 



Cor- 






True bearing 










Latitude 


I,ongjitude 






Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. 


triangulatioii station. 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 


39 01 52.03 


76 32 38. 08 


/ 
N 85 43 E 
N 55 39 E 
N 68 35 W 


S 85 44 W 
S 55 40 W 
vS 68 36 E 


Yards. 
1726 
1097 
877 


Bight. 

Arnold. 

Bay. 




2 39 01 59- 72 


76 32 26. 03 


S 49 35 E 
N 58 39 E 
N 47 53 W 


N 49 34 W 
S 58 39 W 
S 47 54 E 


914 
687 
2149 


Brewer. 
Arnold. 
Long. 




3 '• 39 01 56. 58 


76 32 01.65 


S 88 08 E 
N 6 31 W 
N 84 37 W 


N 88 08 W 
S 6 31 E 
S 84 38 E 


768 
468 
1783 


Bight. 

Arnold. 

Bay. 





POPPIN POINT. 

{Upper Severn River -Chart No. j.) 



/ /> / // 


/ 




Yards. 




1 59 01 59.21 76 32 43.64 


N 70 18 E 
N 37 47 W 
N 83 21 W 


S 70 19 w 

S 37 48 E 
S 83 21 E 


1117 
1845 
675 


Arnold. 

Long. 

Bay. 


2 1 39 02 lu. 37 76 33 21. 98 

i 


S 48 34 E 
N 6 26W 
N 55 52 W 


N 48 34 W 
S 6 26E 
S 55 52 E 


451 
1088 
838 


Bay. 

Long. 

Island. 


3 


39 02 17.67 ! 76 33 07.79 


N 78 09 W 

S 3 44W 
S 81 42 E 


S 78 10 E 
N 3 44E 
N81 41 W 


1089 

548 
1704 


Island. 

Bay. 

Arnold. 


4 


39 02 06. 17 ; 76 32 46.63 
1 


N82 51 E 
N 40 41 W 
S 75 12 w 


S 82 52 W 
S 40 42 E 
N 75 12 E 


1 138 
1613 
612 


Arnold. 

Long. 

Bay. 



44 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne ^liundcl County, Md. 

ARNOLD POINT. 
{ upper Severn River— Chart No. 2. ) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 

Yards. 

888 
266 
1757 


U. S. C. & G. .S. t 


riaiigulation station. 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 


39 02 o6. 40 


76 32 12.40 


S 22 53 E 

N 59 45 E 
N 3 52 W 


N 22 53 W 

S 59 45 W 
3 3 52 E 


Brewer. 
Arnold. 
Swan.' 




2 


39 "i 17- 75 


76 32 29. 85 


S 33 33 E 
S 70 08 E 
N 13 57 E 


N 33 33 W 
N 70 07 W 
S 13 57 W 


1440 
733 
'413 


Brewer. 
Arnold. 
Swan. 




3 


39 "2 47- 4S 


76 32 22. 95 


S 3S 06 \V 
S 15 36 E 
N 23 20 E 


N 38 05 E 
N 15 35 VV 
S 23 20 W 


1970 
2288 
401 


Bay. 

Brewer. 

Swan. 




4 


39 02 42.43 


76 32 16, 43 


N I 19 W 

S 45 09 W 
S 12 18 E 


S I 19 E 
N 45 08 E 
N 12 18 \V 


539 
1955 
20S1 


Swan. 

Bay. 

Brewer. 




5 


39 02 22. 39 


76 32 19. 14 


N 2 47 E 
S 61 52 w 
S 20 46 E 


S 2 47 w 
N61 51 E 
N 20 46 W 


1216 
1492 
1452 


Swan. 

Bay. 

Brewer. 





BIG ISLAND. 
( Upper Severn River — Chart No. 2.) 





<= / // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 02 28. 99 


76 34 GO. 56 


S 55 36 E 
N 63 04 E 
N 20 15 E 


N 55 36 W 
S 63 04 w 
S 20 15 w 


1639 
1002 
1613 


Bay. 

Long. 

Sharp. 


2 


39 02 33. 62 


76 34 04. 88 


S 53 34 E 
N 73 32 E 
N 26 20 E 


N 53 34 W 
S 73 32 W 
S 26 20 W 


1822 
1050 
1515 


Bay. 

Long. 

Sharp. 


3 


39 02 38. 13 


76 33 56. 80 


S 45 27 E 
N 79 37 E 
N 20 52 E 


N 45 26 W 
S 79 38 W 
S 20 52 w 


1760 
807 
1 290 


Bay. 

Long. 

Sharp. 



ROUND BAY. 

{Upper Severn River— Chart No. 2.) 





, // 


/ ,/ 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 


I 


39 "2 58. 56 


76 33 3'-65 


S 13 42 E 
N 44 38 E 
N 21 22 W 


N 13 42 W 
S 44 38 W 
S 21 22 E 


558 Long. 
1676 High, 
554 Sharp. 


2 


39 03 06. 69 


76 33 34. 04 


S 13 26 E 
N 53 28 E 
N 29 53 W 


N 13 26 W 
S 53 28 W 
S 29 53 E 


840 
1544 
279 


Long. 
High. 
Sharp. 


3 


39 03 04- 34 


76 33 18. 90 


N 40 10 E 
N 59 07 W 
S 15 22 W 


S 40 10 W 
S 59 07 E 
N 15 22 E 


1307 
626 
766 


High. 
Sharp. 
Long. 



Snn'cy oj Oyslcr Bais, Anne Aiiindcl County, Md. 

ROCK POINT UPPER. 
( Upper Severn River — Chart No. 2. ) 



45 



Cor- 

"of^ I,atitiide 

bar 


IvOngitude 


True bearing 






Forward Back 






r 


I 39 03 17-9' 


76 33 01.49 


S 60 44 E 
N 35 26 E 
N 56 01 W 


N60 43 W 
S 35 26 W 
S 56 02 E 


Yards. 
1344 
664 
1746 


Swan. 
High. 
Cedar. 




2 39 "3 36. 56 


76 32 59- 5S 


N 76 58 W 

s 53 48 w 

S 75 16 E 


S 76 58 E 
N 53 47 E 
N75 16 W 


1538 
1296 

347 


Cedar. 
Sharp. 
High. 




3 39 "3 37- 36 


76 32 54. 13 


N 78 58 W 
S 56 20 w 
S 59 00 E 


S 78 59 E 
N 56 19 E 
N 59 00 W 


1672 
1428 
223 


Cedar. 
Sharp. 
High. 




4 39 03 20. 36 


76 32 4S. 52 


S 48 20 E 

N 5 28E 
N 63 28 W 


N 48 20 W 
S 5 28 W 
S 63 29 E 


1113 
460 
2005 


Swan. 
High. 
Cedar. 





UNDER THE GUMS. 
(Chesapeake Bay bchcceii Annapolis Roads and Thomas Point — Chart No. j.) 





/ 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 54 43- 58 


76 27 13. 97 


N ^r 36 W 
S 88 06 W 


S 31 35 E 

N 88 05 E 


1262 
1441 


Cottage. 
Arundel. 










S 3 09E 


N 3 u9 W 


488 


Thomas. 




2 


,V8 55 53- 62 


76 27 32. 82 


S 7 14 W 
S 10 25 E 
N 25 29 E 


N 7 14E 
N 10 25 W 
S 25 29 W 


1298 
2891 
934 


Cottage. 
Thonia.s. 
Ba3' Ridge Stack. 




3 


38 56 17- II 


76 26 59. 76 


N 10 58 W 
N 83 43 W 
S 26 30 w 


S 10 58 E 
S 83 43 E 
N 26 29 E 


457 
471 
2324 


Tollv. 

Bay Ridge Stack. 

Cottage. 




4 


38 56 09. tj6 


76 26 48. 87 


N 66 51 W 
S 36 13 W 
S 12 48E 


S 66 51 E 
N 36 12 E 
N 12 48 W 


821 
2242 
4594 


Bay Ridge Stack. 

Cottage. 

Thomas Point Light. 




5 


38 55 25.41 


76 26 56.64 


N 17 03 W 
S 73 17W 
S 22 07 E 


S 17 04 E 
N 73 17 E 
N 22 07 W 


1878 
1 169 

3248 


Bay Ridge Stack. 

Cottage. 

Thomas Point I,ight. 




6 


38 54 50. 14 


76 26 49.48 


N 56 53 W 
vS 41 12 W 


S 56 .53 E 
N 41 12 E 


1563 
937 


Cottage. 
Thomas. 










S 29 38 E 


N 29 37 W 


2091 


Thomas Point Light. 





46 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Annf Arundel Couiilv, Md. 

THOMAS POINT NORTH. 
{North of Thomas Point Light — Chart No. j.) 



Cor- 


I^atitiide 


Longitude 


True bearing 




U. S. C. & G. S. triaugulation st 




of 






Distance 


atiou. 


bar 






Forward 


Back 










/ // 


/ // 


c / 


/ 


i'ards. 




I 


38 53 44. 24 


76 25 52. 57 


N 42 18 W 
N 54 26 W 
S 79 25 W 


S 42 19 E 
S 54 27 E 
N 79 23 E 


4167 
2604 
5612 


Cottage. 
Thomas. 
Gowan. 




\ ^ 


38 53 55- 73 


76 26 23. 01 


N 87 08 E 
N 36 45 W 
S -73 13 W 


S 87 08 W 

S 36 46 E 
N73 II E 


337 
3357 
4924 


Thomas Point Light. 

Cottage. 

Gowan. 




3 


38 54 09. 43 


76 26 21.37 


N 63 57 W 
S 68 26 W 


S 63 57 E 

N 68 24 E 


1512 
5116 


Thomas. 
Gowan . 










S 33 23 E 


N 33 23 W 


533 


Thomas Point Light. 




4 


38 54 41.78 


76 26 54. 87 


N 45 41 W 
S 47 34 W 
S 37 26 E 


S 45 41 E 
N 47 34 E 
N 37 26 W 


1628 
644 
1932 


Cottage. 
Thomas. 
Thomas Point I^ight. 




5 


38 54 50. 14 


76 26 49. 48 


N 56 53 W 
S 41 12 w 
S 29 38 E 


>S 56 53 E 
N41 12 E 
N 29 37 W 


1563 
937 
2091 


Cottage. 
Thomas. 
Thomas Point Light. 




6 


38 55 00. 30 


76 26 22.75 


N 75 45 W 
S 51 32 W 
S 8 40E 


S 75 46 E 
N51 31E 
N 8 40 W 


2073 
1690 
2185 


Cottage. 
Thomas. 
Thomas Point Light. 




7 


38 54 48. 81 


76 25 55.02 


N 71 53 W 
S 72 06 W 
S 12 45 W 


S 71 54 E 
N 72 05 E 
N 12 45 E 


2887 

2159 
1819 


Cottage. 
Thomas. 
Thomas Point Light. 




8 


38 54 23. 04 


76 26 02. 85 


N55 09W 
N 83 39 W 
S.12 10 W 


S 55 09 E 
S 83 39 E 
N 12 10 E 


3094 
1859 
925 


Cottage. 
Thomas. 
Thomas Point Light. 





I 



Siirt'cy of Oyslrr Bars, Anne Anindcl Comity, Aid. 47 

THOMAS POINT vSOUTH. 
( Off entrance to South River— Chart No. 3.) 



Cor- 


I.atitiKlc 


Longitude 
76 27 15. 19 


True bearing 






of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


Distance 


U. S. C! & G. S. triangnlatioii st-ilion. 


I 


38 53 11-92 


N 48 49 E 
N I 18 E 
N 89 02 W 


S 48 49 W 
S I irfW 
.S 89 03 E 


Yards. 
2275 
2604 
3340 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Gowan. 


2 


38 54 15- ou 


76 27 24.91 


S 72 09 E 
N 33 29 E 
N81 10 W 


N 72 09 W 
S 33 29 W 
S 81 12 E 


2067 
572 
3606 


Thomas Point I,ight. 

Thomas. 

Selby. 


3 3S 53 55- 73 


76 26 23. 01 


N 87 08 E 
N 36 45 W 
S 73 13 W 


S 87 08 w 
S 36 46 E 

N 73 II E 


337 
3357 
4924 


Thomas Point Light. 

Cottage. 

Gowan. 


4 


3.S 53 44. 24 


76 25 52,57 


N 42 18 W 
N 54 26 W 
vS 79 25 W 


S 42 19 E 
S 54 27 E 
N 79 23 E 


4167 
2604 
5612 


Cottage. 
Thomas. 
Gowan. 


5 


38 53 17-66 


76 26 06. 79 


N 4 02 W 
N 35 59 W 
S 88 30 W 


S 4 02 E 
S 35 59 E 

N 88 28 E 


1304 
2975 
5143 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Gowan. 


<> 38 53 31-79 


76 26 16. 39 


Nil 06 E 
N 37 37 W 
S 82 52 W 


vS 1 1 06 W 
S 37 38 E 
N 82 50 E 


840 
2442 
4928 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Gowan. 


7 


38 53 30- 53 


76 27 07. 21 


N 57 10 E 
N 8 54 W 
S 81 14 w 


S 57 10 W 
S 8 54E 

N81 13 E 


1599 
2000 

3745 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Gowan. 



OLD WOMAN. 
{Chesapeake Bay — Entrance to South River^ Chart No. j.) 



I 


38 53 "-92 


/ // 

76 27 15. 19 


/ 

N 48 49 E 
N I iS E 
N 89 02 W 


, 
S 48 49 w 
S I 18W 
S 89 03 E 


Vartts. 
2275 
2604 

3340 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Gowan . 




2 


38 53 20. 61 


76 28 06.36 


N 68 35 E 
N31 21 E 
S 83 14 W 


S 68 36 W 
S 31 21 W 
N 83 13 E 


3287 
2706 
2006 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Gowan. 




3 


38 54 11.00 


76 28 25. 29 


S 82 oi'e 
N 22 41 E 
N 70 44 W 


N 82 03 W 
S 22 41 W 
S 70 45 E 


3594 
1 138 
2089 


Thomas Point Light. 

ArundeL 

Selby. 




4 


38 54 15. 00 


76 27 24. 91 


S 72 09 E 
N 33 29 E 
NSi 10 W 


N 72 09 W 
S 33 29 W 
S 81 12 E 


2067 
572 
3606 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Selby. 





Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

MARSHY POINT. 

{Mouth of South River— Chart No. j.) 



Cor- 
ner 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. &0. S. Iriaiigulatio 


u station . 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 


38 53 20.61 


/ // 
76 28 u6. 36 


N 68 35 E 
N 31 21 E 
S 83 14 W 


S 68 36 W 
S 31 21 W 
N 83 13 E 


yards. 

3287 

2706 
2006 


Thomas Point Li.i<lit. 

Thomas. 

Gowan . 




2 


38 53 49. 82 


76 29 24. 70 


N 87 36 E 
N 48 38 E 
N 16 08 W 


S 87 38 W 
S 48 39 W 
S 16 08 E 


5129 

2671 
I46I 


Thomas Point Li^ht. 

Arundel. 

Selby. 




3 


38 54 15. 82 


76 29 3 1 . 20 


S 82 53 E 
N 67 48 E 
N 24 02 W 


N 82 55 W 
S 67 49 W 
S 24 02 E 


5337 
2349 
576 


Thomas Point Light. 

Arundel. 

Selby. 




4 


38 54 29. 17 


76 28 38. 13 


N 87 20 W 
S 24 22 W 
N 60 36 E 


S 87 20 E 
N 24 21 E 
S 60 37 W 


1635 
2797 
892 


Selby. 
Gowan. 

Arundel. 




5 


38 54 35.04 


76 28 19. 55 


N50 II E 
S 86 43 W 
S 30 50 W 


S 50 1 1 W 
N86 42 E 
N 30 50 E 


375 
2126 

3199 


Arundel. 

Selby. 

Gowan. 




6 


38 54 II..« 


76 28 25.29 


S 82 01 E 
N 22 41 E 
N 7u 44 W 


N 82 03 W 
S 22 41 W 
S 70 45 E 


3594 
1138 
2089 


Thomas I'oint Light. 

Arundel. 

Selby. 





TURKEY POINT. 
{Lower South River — Chart No. j.) 





/ 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 54 28. 45 


76 30 oS. 02 


N 82 13 E 
N 4 19E 
N 23 53 W 


S 82 13 w 
S 4 20 W 
S 23 54 E 


743 
1974 
3203 


Selby. 

Hill. 

Switch. 


2 


38 54 33- 04 


76 30 11.84 


S 86 17 E 
N 7 51 E 
N 23 29 W 


N 86 17 W 

s 7 51 w 

S 23 29 E 


838 
1827 
1438 


Selbv. 

Hill.' 

Mayo. 


3 


38 54 40. 91 


76 29 49. 08 


N 89 05 E 
N 12 46W 
N 48 04 W 


S 89 04 W 
S la 46 E 

S 48 04 E 


2648 
1584 
1577 


Arundel. 

Hill. 

Mayo. 


4 


38 54 41. 46 


76 29 25.41 


N 60 03 W 
S 48 42 W 
N 89 20 E 


S 60 04 E ■ 
N 48 42 E 
S 89 21 w 


2073 
514 
2023 


Mayo. 
Selby. 
Arundel. 


5 


38 54 34.11 


76 29 21. iS 


N31 27 W 
S 79 44 W 
S 24 W 


S 31 27 E 
N 79 44 E 
N 24 E 


20S0 
507 
2715 


Hill. 

Selby. 

Gowan. 


6 


38 54 30.04 


76 29 32. 30 


N 22 31 W 
N 77 10 W 
S 6 04 E 


S 22 31 E 

S 77 10 E 
N 6 04 W 


2069 
211 

2592 


Hill. 

Selby. 

Gowan. 


7 


38 54 36. 91 


76 29 36. 78 


N51 33 W 
S 25 24 w 
N 85 39 E 


S 51 33 E 
N 25 24 E 
S 85 40 W 


1912 

205 

2329 


Mayo. 
Selby. 
Arundel. 



* 



I 



Survey of Ovstcr Bars., Anne Aruudcl Coimfv, Md. 
RULER FLATS. 

(,Lowcr South River — Chart Xo. j.) 



49 



Cor- 


Latitude 


r^oiigitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G 


S. triangulatioii station. 


of 






bar 






Forward 


Back 








I 


38 54 29. 17 


76 28 38. 13 


N 87 20 W 

S 24 22 W 

N 60 36 E 


S 87 20 E 
N 24 21 E 
S 6u 37 W 


Yards. 
1635 

2797 
892 


Selby. 

Gowan. 

Arundel. 




2 


38 54 39- 77 


76 29 04. 97 


N 43 41 W 
S 73 06 w 
S 8 44 W 


S 43 42 E 
N 73 06 E 
N 8 44E 


2189 
968 
2940 


Hill. 

S^lby. 

Gowan. 




3 


38 54 56. 37 ' 


76 28 44. 25 


N 63 34 W 
S 60 15 W 
S 15 59 W 


vS 63 35 E 

N60 IS E 
N 15 58 E 


2299 
1695 
3605 


Hill. 

Selby. 

Gowan, 




4 


38 54 35- 04 


76 28 19. 55 


N 5u 1 1 E 
S 86 43 W 
S 30 50 w 


S 50 II W 
N 86 42 E 
N 30 50 E 


375 
2126 
3199 


Arundel. 

Selby. 

Gowan. 





SWAN REEF. 
{Lower South River — Chart No. j.) 



I 


38 54 39- 77 


76 


29 04. 97 


N 43 41 W 
S 7306 W 
S 8 44 W 


S 43 42 E 
N 7^ 06 E 
N 8 44E 


Yards. 
2189 
968 
2940 


Hill. 

Selby. 

Gowan. 


2 


38 54 55. 47 


76 


29 45- 06 


N 23 21 W 
N 66 15 W 
S 9 ob E 


S 23 21 E 
S 66 15 R 
N 9 08 W 


1 1 48 
139S 
821 


Hill. 

Mavo. 

Selby. 


3 


38 55 20.53 


76 


29 21.14 


N 79 07 W 
S 16 48 W 
S 16 W 


S 79 08 E 
N 16 48 E 
N 16 E 


1 106 
1730 
4281 


Hill. 

Selby. 

Gowan. 


4 


38 55 17-03 


76 


29 06. 64 


N 77 27 W 
S 29 50 w 
S 5 31 W 


S 77 28 E 
N 29 so E 
N 5 31 E 


1504 
1773 
4181 


Hill. 

Selby. 

Gowan. 


5 


38 54 56.37 


76 


28 44- 25 


N 63 34 W 
S 60 15 w 
S 15 59 W 


S 63 35 E 
N 60 15 E 
N IS 58 E 


2299 
J 695 
3605 


Hill. 

Selby. 

Gowan. 



50 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel Con?itv, Md. 

OUTER ROUND POINT. 

(Lower South River — Chart No. j.) 



Cor- 


I,atitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. .S. C. & G. S. triaugulatio 


n station. 


of 






bar 






Forward 


Back 










/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 54 39.32 


76 30 07. 50 


S 69 46 E 

N 4 51 E 
N 31 50 \V 


N 69 45 W 

S 4 51 w 
S 31 51 E 


769 
1604 
1304 


Selby. 

Hill. 

Mayo. 




2 3S 55 02.57 


76 30 27. 19 


S 49 45 E 
N 38 46 E 
N 27 34 W 


N 49 45 \V 

S 38 46 w 
S 27 34 E 


1625 

1044 
365 


Selby. 

Hill. 

Mayo. 




3 38 55 05- S3 


76 30 2 1 . 40 


S 43 15 E 
N 35 30 E 
N 56 25 W 


N 43 14 W 
S 35 30 W 
S 56 25 E 


1588 
866 
386 


Selbv. 

Hill.' 

Mayo. 




4 


38 54 50. 26 


76 29 53. 36 


S 84 21 E 
N 10 57 W 
N 55 09 W 


N 84 20 W 
S 10 57 E 
S 55 loE 


2773 
1252 
1293 


Arundel. 

Hill. 

Mayo. 





INNER ROUND POINT. 
(Lower South River — Chart No. 3.) 





/ 


// 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 55 


10. 96 


76 30 47. 42 


N 65 53 E 
N 9 51 W 
N 29 29 W 


S 65 53 w 
S 9 51 E 
S 29 29 E 


1300 
1518 
3759 


Hill. 

Switch. 

Waggauian. 


2 


38 55 


18. U9 


76 30 48. 10 


N 76 25 E 
N 10 54 W 
N 46 14 W 


S 76 26 W 
S 10 54 E 
S 46 15 E 


1239 
1277 
1813 


Hill. 

Switch. 

Cedar. 


3 


38 55 


15 56 


76 30 27. 68 


N 30 II W 
S 53 40 W 
S 40 02 E 


S 30 II E 
N 53 40 E 
N 40 02 W 


1550 

194 

1944 


Switch. 

Mayo. 

Selby. 



HILL POINT EAST. 
(Lower South River — Chart No. j. 





/ // 


, n 


/ 


, 


Yards. 




I 


38 55 20. 97 


76 29 52. 13 


N 54 17 W 
S 10 44 E 
S 64 22 E 


S 54 18 E 
N 10 44 W 
N 64 21 W 


332 
1701 
3025 


Hill. 

Selby. 

Arundel. 


2 


38 55 25.06 


76 29 54. 63 


S 67 02 W 
S II 57 E 
S 62 37 E 


N 67 02 E 
N II 57 W 
N 62 38 W 


1115 
1848 

3145 


Mayo. 
Selby. 
Arundel. 


3 


38 55 30- 57 


76 29 29. 42 


S 81 28 W 
S 69 50 W 
S 8 02 W 


N 81 28 E 
N 69 50 E 
N 8 02 E 


878 
1 801 
2014 


Hill. 

Mayo. 

Selby. 


4 


38 55 25.50 


76 29 28. 36 


N 87 22 W 
S 75 21 w 
S 9 38 W 


S 87 23 E 
N 75 20 E 
N 9 38 E 


897 
1777 
1849 


Hill. 

Mavo. 

Selby. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel Cnnnly, Md. 

HILL POINT. 
(Lower South River — Chart A'O. j.) 



51 



Cor- 






True bearing 










Latitude 


IvOngi tilde 






Distauce 


r. S. C. & G.S.triallgl 












bar 






Forward 


Back 










/ // 


/ ,/ 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 55 04- 97 


76 30 00. 19 


N 4 29 \V 

N 74 36 W 
S 25 04 E 


S 4 29 E 
S 74 36 E 
N 25 04 W 


736 
913 
1249 


Hin. 

Mavo. 
Selby. 




2 


3S 55 22. So 


76 30 IS. 57 


S -^o 20 E 
N73 loE 
N 42 56 W 


N 30 19 W 
S 73 10 W 
S 42 56 E 


2007 

456 
1497 


Selby. 

Hill. 

Switch. 


- 


'' 


3S 55 39- 26 


76 30 07. 76 


N 77 10 W 
vS 36 41 \v 
S 18 34 E 


S 77 II E 
N 36 41 E 
N iS 34 W 


2432 

1 140 

446 


Cedar. 
Mayo. 
HiU. 





ROCK POINT. 

(Lozver South kivcr — Chart So. j. 





/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


i'ai-ds. 






I 


38 55 20. 49 


76 30 47. 71 


N 80 01 E 
N 12 06 W 
N 48 22 W 


S So 02 W 
vS 12 07 E 
S 48 22 E 


I2I3 

1201 
1765 


Hill. 

Switch. 

Cedar. 




2 


3S 55 2S. 2S 


76 30 56.01 


S S7 52 E 
N 2 05 W 
N 50 24 W 


N 87 52 W 
S 2 05 E 
S 50 24 E 


1414 
912 

1427 


Hill. 

Switch. 

Cedar. 




3 


38 55 29. 48 


76 30 40. 51 


.S 17 21 E 
S 84 42 E 
N 26 52 W 


N 17 21 \V 
N 84 42 W 
S 26 52 E 


612 
1009 
977 


Mayo. 

Hill. 

Switch. 





FOX POINT. 
{Lower South River — Chart No. s.'\ 





/ // 


/ // 




/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 55 38. 68 


76 30 24. 43 


N 57 04 W 
S 15 13 W 
S 55 24 E 


S 57 04 E 
N 15 13 E 
N 55 23 W 


1031 
926 

708 


Switch. 

Mayo. 

Hill. 


2 


38 55 42. 79 


76 30 42. 66 


N 42 22 W 
S 13 01 E 
S 62 57 E 


S 42 22 E 
N 13 01 W 
N 62 57 W 


571 
1060 
1 192 


Switch. 

Mayo. 

Hill. 


3 


38 55 48. 04 


76 30 40. 60 


N 60 51 \V 
S 8 40 E 
S 54 21 E 


S 60 52 E 
N 8 40 W 
N 54 21 W 


503 
1224 

1239 


Switch. 

Mavo. 

Hill. 



52 Survry of Oyster Bars^ A^mc Arundel Coiinfy^ Md. 

rURDY FLATS. 

[Middle South River— Chaii No. 3. ) 



Cor- 






True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S 


triangulation station. 












bar 






Forward 

S 43 26 E 
N :; 06E 

N 53 47 W 


Back 








I 


3« 55 32. 97 


76 30 58. 82 


N 43 26 W 
S 3 06 W 

S 53 47 E 


Yards. 

967 

755 
1273 


Mayo. 
Switch . 
Cedar. 




2 


3W 55 40. 32 


76 3' 31- 7u 


S 78 59 E 
N 60 53 E 
N 16 40 W 


N 78 ss ^^' 

S 60 53 W 
S 16 41 E 


2397 
103S 
23S2 


Hill. 

Switch. 

Waggaiiian. 




^ 


3S 55 47. 20 


76 31 09.44 


S 38 3H E 
N 49 34 E 
N 69 59 W 


N 38 37 W 
S 49 34 W 
S 69 59 E 


1512 
421 
795 


Mayo. 

Switch. 

Cedar. 





THUNDER AND LIGHTNING. 
{Middle South River -Chart No. 3 





/ // 


c= / 


,, 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 55 57- 18 


7631 


08. S3 


N 36 54 W 
S 85 II W 
S 31 26 E 


vS 36 53 E 
N 85 10 E 
N31 26 W 


2142 
766 
■779 


Waggaman. 

Cedar. 

Mayo. 




2 


38 56 3"- 58 


76 3! 


20. 96 


S 86 39 W 
S 20 26 W 

S 27 4f E 


N 86 39 E 
N 20 26 E 
N 27 40 W 


1480 
1271 
1344 


Almshouse. 

Cedar, 

Switch. 




3 


38 56 1 8. 78 


76 31 


04. 72 


N So 43 W 
S 47 42 W 
S 13 55 E 


S So 43 E 
N 47 42 E 
N 13 55 W 


1930 
1179 
S16 


Almshouse. 

Cedar. 

Switch. 




4 


38 55 58. 24 


76 31 


t'2. 95 


N 40 38 W 
S S3 46 W 
S 26 27 E 


S 40 38 E 
N 83 46 E 
N 26 27 W 


2212 
923 
1736 


Waggaman. 

Cedar. 

Ma}0. 





BREWER. 

(Middle South River— Chart No. 3. ) 





/ // 


/ 


,/ 


/ 




Yards. 




I 


38 55 57-59 


76 3' 


56.18 


S 87 09 E 
N I 18 W 
N 34 43 W 


N 87 08 W 
S I 18 E 
S 34 43 E 


1554 
1699 
1288 


Switch. 
Waggaman. 
Almshouse L. R. 


2 


38 55 59- 02 


76 32 


01 .60 


S 85 46 E 
N 3 36E 
N 30 20 W 


N 85 45 W 

s .3 36 w 

S 30 20 E 


1699 
1655 
1171 


Switch. 
Waggaman. 
Almshouse L. R. 


3 


38 56 10. 23 


76 31 


30- 15 


X 64 OS W 
S 21 46 W 
S 59 50 E 


S 64 06 E 
N 21 46 E 
N 59 49 W 


1374 
544 
1002 


Almshouse. 

Cedar. 

Switch. 


4 


38 56 00. 93 


76 31 


19-50 


N 58 55 W 
S 68 24 W 
g 72 02 E 


S 58 56 E 
N 68 24 E 
N 72 02 W 


1769 
518 
616 


Almshouse. 

Cedar.' 

Switch. 



Siir7'rv nf Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel Conn/y, Md. 

ALMSHOUvSE. 

[Upper South River— Chart No. 3.) 



53 



Cor- 
ner 


Latitude 


Loiifjitiule 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. .S. C. & G. S. triangulatioii station. 


ot 
liar 


Forward 


Back 




/ // 


, ,, 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 56 07.31 


76 32 02. 38 


S 66 35 E 
S 76 43 E 

N 5 II E 


N 66 35 W 
N 76 42 W 
vS 5 II w 


3445 
1762 
1377 


Hill. 

Switch. 

Waggainaii. 




^ 


38 56 15.42 


76 32 03. 30 


S 44 40 E 
N 7 43 E 
N 35 07 W 


N 44 40 W 
S 7 43 W 
S 35 07 E 


956 
1108 
1985 


Cedar. 

Waggaiiian. 

Ginger. 






38 56 16. 64 


76 31 47-3"^ 


N 63 54 W 
S 19 09 E 
S 61 22 E 


S 63 54 E 
N 19 09 W 
N61 21 W 


872 
763 
1502 


Alm.shou,se. 

Cedar. 

Switch. 




4 


38 56 09. 78 


76 31 44.88 


N 54 01 W 
S 20 52 E 
S 68 44 E 


S 54 01 E 
N 20 52 W 
N 68 43 W 


1047 
524 
1345 


Almshouse. 

Cedar. 

Switch. 





DUVALL. 
( Upper South River— Chart No. j. ) 





, 


, 




/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 56 21.44 


76 31 


42. 87 


N 2^ 30 W 
N 76 1 1 W 
S 8 36 E 


S 23 30 E 
S 76 II E 
N 8 36W 


975 
930 
892 


Waggamaii. 
Almshou.se. 
Cedar. 




2 


38 56 40. 84 


76 31 


47-23 


N 48 44 W 
S 61 10 W 
S 9 II E 


S 48 44 E 
N 61 10 E 
N 9 1 1 W 


365 

897 
1556 


Waggaman. 
Almshouse. 
Cedar. 




3 


3S 56 43- 58 


76 31 


41-43 


N 65 31 W 
S 60 46 w 
S 3 22E 


S 65 31 E 

N 60 46 E 
N 3 22 W 


358 
1075 
1632 


Waggaman Wiiu 

Almshouse. 

Cedar. 


Imill. 


4 


38 56 26. 64 


76 31 


35- 78 


N 38 40 W 

N 87 33 W 
S 2 53 W 


S 38 41 E 
S 87 33 E 
N 2 53E 


922 
1088 
1059 


Waggaman. 
Almshou.se. 
Cedar. 




5 


38 56 23. 24 


76 31 


25- 42 


N 83 14 W 
S 19 04 \v 
vS 29 40 E 


S 83 15 E 
N 19 04 E 
N 29 39 W 


1369 
99S 
2758 


Almshouse. 

Cedar, 

Mayo. 





54 Siirvcv of Oyster Bars^ Aidic Anindcl County^ Md. 

ABERDEEN. 
( upper South River— Chart No. 3.) 



Cor- 






True bearing 








of 


Latitude 


IvOngitlide 






Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangulatio 


n station. 


bar 






Forward 


Back 










/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


i^ 56 37- 57 


76 31 59. 68 


N 54 41 W 
S 54 50 w 
S 22 03 E 


S 54 41 E 

N 54 50 E 
N 22 03 \V 


1516 
559 
1539 


Ginger. 

Almshou.se. 

Cedar. 




2 


38 56 48. 89 


76 32 15. iS 


.S 6s 41 W 
S 3 59 W 
S 86 12 E 


N 63 41 E 
N 359E 
N 86 12 W 


588 
705 
463 


Brewer. 

Almshouse. 

Waggaman. 




■^ 


38 57 "6. 13 


76 32 01. 08 


S 85 53 W 
vS 46 46 w 
S 18 07 w 


N 85 53 E 
N 46 45 E 
N 18 07 E 


1203 
1229 
1363 


Ginger. 
Brewer. 
Almshou.se. 





BEARD POINT. 

(Upper South River— Chart No. 3.) 



, „ 

3S 56 57- 25 


76 32 19. 42 


/ 
N 73 27 W 
S 37 14 W 
S 61 24 E 


/ 
S 73 27 E 

N 37 14 E 
N 61 24 W 


Yarcts. 

748 
681 
653 


Ginger. 
Brewer. 
Waggaman. 


38 57 01.39 


76 32 33- 99 


N 77 34 W 
S 2 23 w 
S 64 42 E 


S 77 35 E 
N 2 23 E 
N 64 42 W 


341 
682 

1059 


Ginger. 
Brewer. 
Waggaman. 


3« 57 05- 07 


76 32 32-31 


S 82 23 W 
S 5 09 w 

S 57 44 E 


N 82 22 E 
N 5 09 E 
N 57 44 W 


382 
809 
1077 


Ginger. 
Brewer. 
Waggaman. 


38 57 03. So 


76 32 22. 19 


S 89 19 w 
S 23 58 w 
S 50 28 E 


N 89 18 E 
N 23 58 E 
N 50 28 W 


644 
836 
838 


Ginger. 
Brewer. 
Waggaman. 



ROUGH POINT. 
[Upper South River- Chart No. 3.] 





/ 


/ 


, 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 56 47. 29 


76 33 10.30 


N 89 18 E 
N 48 35 E 
N 14 E 


S 89 iSW 
S 48 35 W 
S 14 w 


1914 
830 
751 


Waggaman. 

Ginger. 

Ximo. 


2 


38 56 52. 59 


76 33 12-34 


S 85 29 E 
N 61 18 E 


N 85 29 W 
S 61 18 W 


1973 
771 


Waggaman. 
Ginger. 








N 5 41 E 


S 5 41 W 


575 


Ximo. 


3 


38 56 54- 98 


76 32 49. Si 


S 39 49 E 
N 15 49 E 
N 47 29W 


N 39 49 W 
S 15 49 W 
S 47 29 E 


606 

302 


Brewer. 
Ginger. 
Ximo. 


4 


38 56 48. 32 


76 32 49. 14 


S 56 57 E 
N 7 14E 
N 37 43W 


N 56 57 W 
S 7 14 W 
S 37 44E 


442 
5'8 
906 


Brewer. 
Ginger. 
Ximo. 



Survey of Oysirr Bars^ Aiiiic AriDulcl County^ Md. 

SAUNDERS. 
{Chesapeake Bay off entrance to South Rivet — Chart No. s-) 



55 



Cor- ^ 


I.,oiiciitude 


Tiue bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangnlation station. 










bar 






Forward 


Back 






I 


/ // 

38 52 30. 94 


76 28 47. 83 


N31 58 w 
S 76 16 w 
K 3"3 27 W 


S 31 58 E 

N 76 15 E 
N 33 26 E 


Yards. 
1696 
2925 
3156 


Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 


2 


38 52 50.36 


76 29 22. 01 


N 13 E 
S 55 12 W 
S 14 18 W 


S 00 13 \V 
N55 II E 
N 14 18E 


785 
2362 
3392 


Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 


3 


38 53 12.32 


76 29 02. 90 


N 71 59 E 
N 25 16 E 
N 85 09 W 


S 72 01 W 
S 25 17 W 
S 85 09 E 


4785 
3350 
503 


Thomas Point Light. 

Arundel. 

Gowan. 


4 


38 53 49- 82 


76 29 24. 70 


N 87 36 E 
N 48 38 E 
N 16 08 W 


S 87 38 w 
S 48 39 W 
S 16 08 E 


5129 
2671 
1461 


Thomas Point Light. 

ArundeL 

Selby. 


5 


38 53 20.61 


76 2S 06. 36 


N 68 35 E 
N 31 21 E 
S 83 14 W 


S 68 36 W 
S 31 21 W 
N 83 13 E 


3287 
2706 
2006 


Thomas Point Liglit. 

Thomas. 

Gowan. 



LULU. 
{Chesapeake Bay, between South and West rivers — {Chart No. j. 



1 


38 51 15- .58 


76 


26 30. 52 


S 62 03 E 
N 5 38E 
S 64 56 W 


N 62 01 W 

s 5 38 w 

N 64 54 E 


yards. 
5359 

5444 
5075 


Bloody Point Light. 
Thomas Point Light. 
Horseshoe. 


2 


38 52 30. 94 


76 


28 47- 83 


N 31 58 W 
S 76 16 w 
S 33 27 W 


S 31 58 E 
N 76 15 E 
N 33 26 E 


1696 
2925 
3156 


(jowan. 

Dutchman. 

Ciirtis. 


3 


38 53 20. 61 


76 


2S 06.36 


N 68 35 E 
N 31 21 E 
S 83 14 w 


S 68 36 W 
S 31 21 W 
N 83 13 E 


3287 
2706 
2006 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Gowan. 


4 


38 53 11-92 


76 


27 15- 19 


N 48 49 E 
N I 18E 
N 89 02 W 


S 48 49 W 
S I 18W 
S 89 03 E 


2275 
2604 
3340 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Gowan. 


5 


38 53 01. 40 


76 


26 45- 98 


N 26 59 E 
N 13 31 W 
N 84 iS W 


S 27 00 W 
S 13 31 E 
S 84 19 E . 


2075 
3042 
4131 


Thomas Point Light. 

Thomas. 

Gowan. 



56 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Annr Arundel County, Aid. 

DUTCHMAN. 
{Chesapeake Bay off entrance to West River — Chart No. j.) 



Cor- 


I^atitude 


I.ongitiide 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. &G. ,S. tr 


langiilation station. 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 




o / // 


^ 


/ 


/ 


yards. 






I 


3S 5' 52.42 


76 29 II. 14 


N 5 55 W 
Is 74 48 \V 
S 40 13 w 


S 5 55 E 
S 74 49 E 
N 40 12 E 


2753 
2307 

1743 


Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 




2 


38 5 1 54. 62 


76 30 41.05 


S 72 00 w 
S 4i 30 E 
N 15 II E 


N 72 00 E 

N 41 30 W 
S 15 II w 


S3 1 
1880 
550 


Ches. 

Curtis. 

Dutchman. 




3 


3S 52 5u. 36 


76 29 22. 01 


N 13 E 
S 55 12 W 
S 14 18 \V 


S 13 w 

N55 II E 
N14 18 E 


7S5 
2362 
3392 


Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 




4 


3S 52 30. 94 


76 2S 47. S3 


N 31 58 W 
S 76 16 \V 
S 33 27 W 


S 31 58E 
N 76 15 E 
N 33 26 E 


1696 
2925 
3156 


Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 





THREE SISTERS. 
( Chesapeake Bay off West River — Chart No. j. ) 





■= / // 


<= 


/ // 


, 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


3S 49 35-36 


76 


29 II. 96 


N 28 33 E 
N 15 25 W 
S 38 04 W 


S 28 35 W 
S 15 25 E 
N 38 04 E 


10015 
1276 
i68r 


Thomas Point Light. 

Horseshoe. 

Franklin. 


2 


38 51 3S.65 


76 


29 "■74 


N 4 47 W 
N64 II W 
S 51 55 W 


S 4 47 E 
S 64 II E 
N51 54 E 


3213 
2455 
1410 


Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 


3 


38 51 52.42 


76 


29 II. 14 


N 5 55W 
N 74 48 W 
S 40 13 w 


S 5 55 E 
S 74 49 E 
N 40 12 E 


• 2753 
2307 

1743 


Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 


4 


38 52 30.94 


76 


28 47. 83 


N 31 5S W 
S 76 16 w 
S 33 2/ W 


S 31 58E 
N 76 15 E 
N 33 26 E 


1696 
2925 
3156 


Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 


5 1 3S 5' 15- 5S 


76 


26 30. 52 


S 62 03 E 
N 5 38E 
S-64 56 W 


N62 01 W 

S 5 38 w 

N 64 54 E 


5359 
5444 
5075 


Bloody Point Light. 
Thomas Point Light. 
Horseshoe. 


6 38 49 42. 70 


76 


27 33-13 


N 14 20 E 
N 71 32 W 
S 66 41 W 


S 14 21 W 
S 71 34 E 
N 66 40 E 


S824 
^io6 
3968 


Thomas Point Light. 

Horseshoe. 

Franklin. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel Couniy, Md. 

CURTIS. 
{Chesapeake Bay off entrance to West River— Chart No. j.) 



57 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearitig 


Distance 


U. S. C. &G.S. triaugulation station. 


ot 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 
2 

3 
4 


38 51 18.20 
38 SI 23. 17 
38 51 42.84 
3S 51 3S.65 


/ // 
76 29 35.30 

76 30 07. 54 

76 29 56.82 

76 29 11.74 


N 5 II E 
N 42 06 W 
N 68 57 W 

N17 54E 
N 24 55 W 
N 64 22 W 

N 16 44 E 
N 47 45 W 
S 4 30E 

N 4 47 W 
N64 iiW 
S 51 55 W 


S 5 II W 

S 42 06 E 
S 68 58 E 

S 17 54 W 
S 24 55 E 
S 64 22 E 

S 16 44 w 
S 47 45 E 
N 4 30 W 

S 4 47E 
S 64 11 E 
N 51 54 E 


yards. 

3907 
2371 
2261 

3914 
'7.55 
1S57 

3195 
1380 
1014 

3213 
2455 
1410 


Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Ches. 

Gowan. 

Dutchtnan. 

Ches. 

Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 

Gowan. 

Dutchman. 

Curtis. 



COIrlvINS FLATS. 
( IVest River— Chart No. 3. 





/ 


„ 


c / // 


/ 




Yards. 




I 


38 51 


11.28 


76 30 30. 98 


N 86 52 E 
N41 15 W 
S 83 33 W 


S 86 53 W 
S 41 15 B 
N 83 32 E 


982 
1598 
2701 


Curtis. 

Ches. 

Shell. 


2 


38 51 


11-73 


76 3" 39- 78 


N 88 1 1 E 
N 34 43 W 
S 82 35 W 


S 88 II W 
S 34 44E 
N 82 35 E 


1213 
1447 
2473 


Curtis. 

Ches. 

Shell. 


3 


3851 


23-75 


76 30 49. 60 


S 76 00 E 
N 35 47 W 
S 71 44 W 


N 75 59 W 
S 35 48 E 
N 71 43 E 


1517 
965 
2310 


Curtis. 

Ches. 

Shell. 


4 


3851 


25-60 


76 30 40. 24 


S 70 41 E 
N 4 39E 
N 48 23 W 


N 70 42 W 
S 4 39 W 
S 48 23 E 


1298 

1515 
1086 


Curtis. 

Dutchman. 

Ches. 



POTATO HILL. 
( West River Chart No. 3.) 





, 


// 


/ // / 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 5' 


26. 21 


76 31 04. 62 S 76 27 E 
N 13 34 W 
S 65 49 W 


N 76 26 W 

S 13 35 R 
N 65 48 E 


1921 
722 
1970 


Curtis. 

Ches. 

Shell. 


2 


385- 


35-87 


76 31 03.32 


S 67 05 E 
N 28 28 W 


N 67 04 W 
S 28 28 E 


1990 

427 


Curtis. 
Ches. 










S 58 16 W 


N58 15 E 


2153 


Shell. 


3 


3851 


32.76 


76 30 59. 63 


S 68 53 E 
N 32 04 W 
S 61 57 W 


N 68 52 W 
S 32 04 E 
N61 57E 


1861 
566 
2185 


Curtis. 

Ches. 

Shell. 



58 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Aid. 

CEDAR POINT. 
( West River—Chart No. 3. ) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U S. C. & G. S. triangulation station. 


bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 
2 

3 

4 


38 51 08. iS 

38 51 22.62 

3S 51 21. 18 
38 51 10. 12 


/ // 
76 31 39.88 

76 31 23.40 

76 31 II. 42 

76 31 18.50 


/ 
S 77 03 W 
S 30 47 W 
N 86 46 E 

S 82 04 E 
N 21 37 \V 
S 62 12 W 

S 82 12 E 
N 40E 
S 68 29 W 

N 87 38 E 
N 8 59E 
S 79 31 W 


N 77 03 E 
N 30 46 E 
S 86 47 W 

N 82 03 W 
S 21 37 E 
N 62 12 E 

N 82 11 W 
S 40W 
N 68 28 E 

S 87 39 W 
S 8 59 W 
N 79 31 E 


Yards. 

890 

260 

2802 

2385 
885 
1472 

2066 

871 
1739 

2235 
1259 
1456 


Shell. 
Cove. 
Curtis. 

Curtis. 

Ches. 

Shell. 

Curtis. 

Ches. 

Shell. 

Curtis. 

Ches. 

Shell. 



BARREN NECK. 
( West River — Chart No. 3. ) 



I 


3S5. 


02. 80 


76 32 06.43 


// 

S 83 53 W 
S 18 08 w 
S 85 43 E 


/ 

N 83 53 E 
N 18 08 E 
N 85 43 W 


Yards. 
168 
865 
569 


Shell. 

Counallor. 

Cove. 


2 


38 51 


33-52 


76 32 10. 19 


S 3 41 w 

S 31 42 E 
N 73 45 E 


N 3 41 E 
N31 41 W 
S 73 46 w 


1056 
1267 
1624 


Shell. 
Cove. 
Ches. 


3 


38 51 


29. SS 


76 31 58.24 


. S 22 21 W 
S 20 09 E 
N 65 10 E 


N 22 21 E 
N 20 09 W 
S 65 loW 


1007 
1018 
1371 


Shell. 
Cove. 
Ches. 


4 


38 51 


12. 92 


76 31 54. 40 


S 53 26 W 
S 33 ooE 
N 44 51 E 


N 53 26 E 
N33 ooW 
S 44 51 W 


603 

458 
162 1 


Shell. 
Cove. 
Ches. 



Survey of Oyster Bars., A>i!ie Arundel County .^ Md. 

TUCKER. 
( West River— Chart No 3.) 



59 



Cor- 


L,atitiide 


lyOngitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. &G.S 


Iriangulation station. 








bar 






Forward 


Back 










/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 50 47. 58 


76 31 55.85 


N31 26 E 
N 42 00 W 


S 31 26 w 
S 42 00 E 


551 
666 


Cove. 
Shell. 










S 60 39 w 


N 60 39 E 


629 


Counallor. 




2 


38 50 48. 71 


76 32 05. 10 


N 50 52 E 
N 23 47 W 
S 41 17 W 


S 50 52 w 
S 23 47 E 

N41 17 E 


686 
501 
461 


Cove. 
Shell. 
Counallor. 




3 


38 50 53. 60 


76 32 03. 13 


N 5o 50 E 
N 40 59 W 
S 34 51 W 


S 60 50 W 
S 40 59 E 

N 34 51 E 


549 
3S7 
623 


Cove. 
vShell. 
Counallor. 




4 


38 50 54. 70 


76 3' 54-07 


N 46 16 E 
N 62 37 W 

vS 47 2Q W 


S 46 16 W 
S 62 37 E 
N 47 20 E 


334 
556 
809 


Cove. 
Shell. 
Counallor. 





CHESTON POINT. 
{Rhode River — Chart No. 3. ) 



I 


/ // 

38 51 40.62 


/ 

76 31 


// 

05. 16 


N37 52E 
N 35 47 W 
S 38 31 W 


S 37 52 W 
N 35 47 E 
N 38 31 E ' 


Yards. 
1271 
265 

1684 


Dutchman. 

Ches. 

Cove. 


2 


38 52 18. 00 


76 31 


06. 88 


N 21 31 E 
N 77 20 W 
S 5 59 W 


S 21 31 W 
S 77 20 E 
N 5 59 E 


645 
. 60 
105 1 


Delta. 
Rhode. 

Ches. 


3 


38 52 '3- 74 


76 31 


00.99 


S 16 23 W 
S 74 48 E 
N 6 15 fe 


N 16 22 E 
N 74 47 W 
S 6 15 W 


939 
401 

748 


Ches. 
Cato. 
Delta. 


4 


38 51 46. 58 


76 30 


57-55 


N 35 50 E 
N 87 43 W 
S 39 27 w 


-S 35 50 W 
S 87 43 E 
N 39 26 E 


990 
355 
1967 


Dutchman. 

Ches. 

Cove. 



DUTCHMAN HOLIvOW. 
{Rhode River— Chart A'o. j 





, 


/, 




/ 


0, / 


Yards. 




I 


38 52 


17-54 


76 30 48. 48 


N 22 25 W 


S 22 26 E 


666 


Delta. 










N 86 59 W ' 


S 86 59 E 


544 


Rhode. 










S 13 46 E 


N 13 46 W 


241 


Cato. 


2 


38 52 


21. 98 


76 3^^ 54- 43 


N II 06 W 


S II 06E 


475 


Delta. 










S 72 37 W 


N 72 37 E 


405 


Rhode. 










S 29 12 E 


N 29 12 W 


439 


Cato. 


3 


38 52 


28. 12 


76 30 50- 55 


N 47 39 W 


S 47 40 E 


1159' 


Turf. 










S 56 08 W 


N 56 08 E 


588 


Rhode. 










S 10 42 E 


N 10 42 W 


607 


Cato. 



6o 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Artindel County, Md. 

BRICE FENCE. 
{Rhode River— Chart No. 3.) 



Cor- 


I,atitude 


I^ongitude 


True bearing 




ot 








bar 






Forward 


Back 


j 




01 // 


c . /, 


, 


/ 


Yards. 


I 


38 52 19- 38 


76 31 11.05 


vS 57 00 E 


N 57 00 W 


61 ! Rhode. 








N 32 03 E 


S 32 03 W 


653 Delta. 








N 16 29 W 


S 16 29 E 


1122 


Turf. 


2 


38 52 23.90 


76 31 24. S6 


S 65 54 E 


N 65 54 W 


455 


Rhode. 








N 60 33 E 


S 60 33 W 


816 


Delta, 








N 2 51 E 


S 2 51 W 


924 


Turf. 


■^ 


38 52 24. 29 


76 31 14.78 


vS 36 58 E 


N 36 58 W 


249 


Rhode. 








N 48 50 E 


S 48 50 W 


589 


Delta. 








N 13 35 W 


S 13 35 E 


936 


Turf. 



vSTONY HOLLOW. 

{Rhode River -Chart No. 3.) 



I 


38 52 32.42 76 31 


33-04 


S 53 09 E 

s 79 36 w 

N 22 21 E 


N 53 08 W 
N 79 36 E 
S 22 21 W 


Yards. 

78S 
528 
688 


Rhode, 
Cupola. 
Turf. 


2 


38 52 42.50 76 31 


31-75 


S 36 18 E 
S 52 03 W 
N 37 34 E 


N36 18 w 
N ^2 03 E 
S 37 34 W 


1007 
702 
373 


Rhode. 
Cupola. 
Turf. 


3 


38 52 52.04 , 76 31 


19.40 


S 13 27 E 
N 35 29 W 
S 75 10 W 


N 13 27 W 
S 35 29 E 
N 75 10 E 


1167 

1052 

102 


Rhode. 

Calf. 

Turf. 


4 


38 52 48.00 • 76 31 


17.48 


vS 1 2 29 E 
N 53 26 W 
N 47 04 E 


N 12 28 W 
S 53 26 E 

vS 47 04 w 


1023 
185 

407 


Rhode. 

Turf. 

Etua. 



CHERRY. 
{Rhode River— Chart No. 3.) 





/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 


. 


I 


38 52 38.61 


76 31 04. 35 


S 60 52 E 


N 60 52 W 


195 


Delta. 








N 4 34W 


S 4 34 E 


596 


Etna. 








N 49 13 W 


S 49 13 E 


654 


Turf. 


2 


38 52 43. 34 


76 31 04.58 


N 5 26 W 


S 5 26E 


437 


Etna. 








N 61 19 W 


S 61 19 E 


557 


Turf. 








S 34 42 E 


N 34 42 W 


309 


Delta. 


3 


38 52 45. 74 


76 30 56.00 


N 37 04 W 


S 37 OS E 


444 


Etna. 








N 75 23 W 


S 75 23 E 


739 


Turf. 








vS 70 07 W 


N 70 06 E 


1591 


Cupola. 



Survey of Oyster Bars.^ Anne Arundel Counly^ Md. 



6i 



JACKASS. 
{Rhode River — Chart No. j. 



Cor- 


I^atilude 


IvOngitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U.S.C.& G.S. triangulation .station. 






bar 






Forward j Back 








I 


38 52 53.40 


76 31 33.24 


S 32 46 w 
S 74 56 E 
N 16 54W 


N 32 45 E 
N 74 56 W 
S 16 54 E 


Yards. 

951 

277 
849 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 




2 


38 52 57- 82 


76 31 32.74 


S 48 57 B 
S 85 39 E 
N 21 24 W 


N 48 56 W 
N 85 39 W 
S 21 24 E 


337 
7"3 
712 


Turf. 
Etna. 
Calf. 




3 


38 53 02. 82 


76 31 23.90 


N 44 55 W ' S 44 55 E 
S 3 01 E N 3 01 W 
S 64 38 E N 64 37 W 


69S 
390 
518 


Calf. 
Turf. 
Etna. 




4 


38 52 59. 03 


76 31 20.53 


N 43 04 W S 43 05 E 
S 14 37 W , N 14 37 E 
S 76 04 E i N 76 03 W 


S52 
270 
390 


Calf. 
Turf. 
Etna. 





BOLSTON BANK. 
(•Rhode River- Chart No. j.) 





, // 


/ 


„ 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 52 48. 23 


76 31 


52-57 


S 28 W 
N 82 29 E 

N 14 55 E 


N 28E 
S 82 29 W 
S 14 55 W 


626 
783 
102 1 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 


2 


38 52 56. Si 


76 31 


49-73 


S 4 59 W 
S 75 05 E 
N 15 05 E 


N 4 59E 
N 75 05 W 
S 15 05 W 


919 
726 
722 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 


3 


3S 52 54- 68 


76 31 


43.02 


S 16 57 W 
S 77 38 E 
N 49E 


N 16 57 E 
N 77 38 \V 
S 49 W 


881 
537 
769 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 



HIGH ISLAND. 
[Rhode River — Chart N^o.j.) 





/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 53 02. 19 


76 31 57- 23 


S 6 qS E 
S 67 44 E 
N 36 47 E 


N 6 08 W 
N 67 4^ W 
S 36 48 w 


1 102 
971 

644 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 


2 


38 53 10. 24 


76 31 53-18 


S 28 E 
S 51 05 E 
N 58 48 E 


N 28 W 
N 51 05 W 
S 58 48 W 


T367 
loiS 

371 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 


3 


38 53 07. 64 


76 31 49- 00 


S 4 26 W 
S 51 02 E 
N 26 57 E 


N 4 26 E 
N 51 02 W 
S 26 57 \V 


1284 
877 
372 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 



62 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

FLAT ISLAND. 

( Rhode River— Charl No. 3. ) 



Cor- 


Ivatitude 


IvOngitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U.S.C.&G.S 


triangulation station. 


of 






bar 






Forward 


Back 










/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 53 09. 28 


76 32 00. 82 


S 9 03 E 
S 58 31 E 
N 60 04 E 


N 9 02 W 
N 58 30 W 
S 60 04 W 


1352 
1162 

554 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 




2 


38 53 15. o3 


.76 32 08. 82 


S 15 29 E 
vS 56 22 E 
N83 u E 


N 15 29 W 
N 56 22 W 
S 83 II W 


1587 
r447 
696 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 




3 


3S 53 24. iS 


76 32 03. 19 


S 8 31 E 
vS 43 35 E 
vS 67 24 E 


N S 30 W 
N 43 35 W 
N 67 24 W 


1858 
1532 
588 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 





BT'CE. 
( Rhode River — Chart No. j.) 





, // 


t II 


/ 




Yards. 




I 


38 53 27.22 


76 31 54- 57 


S I 25 E - 
vS 34 22 E 
S4^ 51 E 


N I 25 W 
N 34 22 W 

N43 5' W 


1940 
1469 

455 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 


2 


38 53 30-38 


76 32 05.82 


S 9 33 E 
S 40 29 E 
S 54 36 E 


N 9 33 W 

N 40 2S W 
N 54 35 W 


2"75 
1733 
751 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 


3 


38 53 35- 18 


76 32 03. 90 


S 7 34 E 
S 35 59 E 
S 43 15 E 


N 7 34 W 
N 35 59 W 
N 43 15 W 


2228 
1830 
819 


Cupola. 

Turf. 

Calf. 



Survey of Oys/er Bars, Ainic Arniidcl County, Md. 63 

BAY SHORE. 

( Chesapeake Bay bchc'een West River and Herring Bay — Chart No. y.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 




U. S. C. & G. S. triangulatio 




of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 






I 


38 46 21. U4 


or /r 
76 31 55.90 


N 21 03 E 
N 86 52 W 
S 55 04 W 


S 21 03 W 

S 86 52 E 
N 55 03 E 


Yards. 

2175 

728 

3819 


Broad. 
Parker. 

Fairhaven. 




2 


38 47 45.64 


76 30 33. 40 


N 25 05 E 
N 8 22 W 
S 59 30 W 


S 25 06 W 
S 8 22E 
N 59 29 E 


2624 
58t 
162 1 


Franklin. 

Nut. 

Broad. 




3 


38 48 51.50 


76 28 52. 6u 


N 17 25 W 
N 84 16 W 
S 59 07 W 


S 17 25 E 
S 84 16 E 
N 59 06 E 


2S40 
1555 
3199 


Horseshoe. 

Franklin. 

Nut. 




4 3S 49 35- 36 


76 29 11.96 


N 28 33 E 
N 15 25 W 
S 38 04 W 


S 28 35 W 
S 15 25 E 

N 38 04 E 


10015 
1276 
1681 


Thomas Point I^ight. 

Horse.shoe. 

Franklin. 




5 


38 49 42. 70 


76 27 33. 13 


N 14 20 E 
N 71 32W 
S 66 41 W 


S 14 21 W 
S 71 34 E 
N 66 40 E 


8824 
3106 
3968 


Thomas Point Light. 

Horseshoe. 

Franklin. 




6 


38 48 54. 54 


76 27 58.99 


N 40 58 W 
N 88 59 W 
S 67 15 W 


S 40 59 E 
S 89 00 E 
N 67 14 E 


3452 
2955 
4510 


Horseshoe, 

Franklin. 

Nut. 




7 ' 38 48 42.60 


76 28 31. 60 


N 25 00 W 

N 77 45 W 
S 67 52 W 


S 24 59 E 
S 77 46 E 

N 67 51 E 


3321 
2150 
3562 


Horseshoe. 

Franklin. 

Nut. 




S 38 46 30.66 


76 29 45. 60 


N 23 26 W 
N 57 18 W 
vS 86 06 W 


S 23 25 E 
S 57 19E 

N 86 04 E 


3386 
3158 
417S 


Nut. 

Broad. 

Parker. 




9 3S 46 21.72 

i 


76 30 20.82 


N 6 58 W 
N 40 43 W 
N 89 41 W 


S 6 59E 

S 40 44 E 
S 89 43 E 


3434 
2649 
3238 


Nut. 

Broad. 

Parker. 





64 



Survey of Oyslcr Bars, Aiii/r Arm/del County, Md. 

LONG. 
{Chesapeake Bay off entrance to Herring Bay — Chart No. 4.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 




U. S. C. & G. S. 


rlaugulation station. 


ba'r 


Forward 


Back 






/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 






I 


38 44 23.03 


76 32 15. 40 


S 34 48 E 
N 12 10 E 


N 34 48 W 
S 12 10 w 


1740 
6148 


Holland. 
Broad. 










N 55 33 W 


S 55 34 E 


3170 


Fairhaven. 




2 


38 44 22.57 


76 32 37. 02 


S 48 54 E 
N 5 04 E 
N 48 29 W 


N 47 53 W 
S 5 04W 
S 48 30 E 


210S 
4051 
2729 


Holland. 

Parker. 

Fairhaven. 




3 


38 46 2r. 04 


76 31 55- 90 


N 21 OS E 
N 86 52 W 


S 21 03 W 
S 86 52 E 


2175 
728 


Broad. 
Parker, 










S 55 04 W 


N 55 03 E 


3819 


Fairhaven. 




4 


38 46 21. 72 


76 30 20. 62 


N 6 58 W 

N 40 43 W 
N 89 41 W 


vS 6 59 E 

S 40 44 E 
S 89 43 E 


3434 
2649 
323S 


Nut. 

Broad. 

Parker. 




5 


38 45 17.50 


76 31 28. 94 


N 58 E 
N 33 24 W 
S 89 21 W 


S 58 W 
S 33 25 E 
N 89 20 E 


4173 
2615 
3842 


Broad. 
Parker. 
F'airhaven. 




6 


38 44 46. 50 


76 3t 39.63 


N 3 52E 
N 19 43 W 
N 74 16 W 


S 3 52W 
S 19 44 E 
S 74 18 E 


5231 
343t> 
3696 


Broad. 
Parker. 
Fairhaven. 





FAIRHAVEN. 
{Herring Bay off Fairhaven — Chart yVo. 4. ) 





/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ - 


Yards. 




I 


38 44 33. 63 


76 32 47. 46 


S 45 51 E 
N 9 49 E 
N 50 55 W 


N 45 50 W 
S 9 49W 
S 50 56 E 


2566 

3716 
2277 


Holland. 

Parker. 

Fairhaven. 


2 


38 44 39. 19 


7^ 33 "-47 


S 51 25 E 
N 20 03 E 
N 42 16 W 


N 51 26 W 
vS 20 03 W 
S 42 16 E 


3165 
3699 
1686 


Holland. 

Parker. 

Fairhaven. 


3 


38 45 04. 65 


76 32 56. 40 


N 18 23 E 
N 14 04 W 
N 75 44 W 


S 18 24 W 
S 14 04 E 
S 75 45 E 


2757 
2321 
1581 


Parker. 
Hopkins. 

Fairhaven. 


4 


38 45 47. 06 


76 33 27. 00 


vS 34 50 W 
S 34 05 E 
N 54 45 E 


N 34 49 E 
N 34 04 W 
S 54 45 W 


1267 
5148 
2054 


Fairhaven. 

Holland. 

Parker. 


5 


38 45 27. 79 


76 32 27. 80 


N 3 34 E 
N41 54 W 
S 80 19 W 


.S 3 34 W 
vS 41 54 E 
N 80 17 E 


1839 
1975 
2321 


Parker. 

Hopkins. 

Fairhaven. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

HOLLAND POINT. 
{Chesapeake Bay, northeast of Holland Point — Chart No. 4.) 



65 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangulation station. 


ot 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


I 


38 43 30. 91 


76 29 59.52 


N 6 06 W 
N 33 20 W 
N 82 47 W 


/ 

S 6 06E 
S 33 21 E 
S 82 48 E 


Yards. 
9221 
6914 
2617 


Nut. 
Parker. 
Holland. ' 


2 


38 43 34- 30 


76 30 59. 24 


N 3 46E 
N21 26 W 
N 53 24 W 


S 3 47 W 
S 21 27 E 
S 53 25 E 


9074 
6084 
5762 


Nut. 

Parker. 

Fairhaven. 


3' 


38 44 04. 64 


76 32 28. 49 


S 58 52 w 
N I 38E 
N 43 15 W 


N 58 52 E 
S I 38W 
S 43 16 E 


1564 
4641 
3313 


Holland. 
Parker. 
Fairhaven . 


4 


38 45 33- 13 


76 30 30.77 


N I 45W 
N 60 54 W 
S 25 02 W 


S I 45 E 
S 60 55 E 
N 25 01 E 


5049 
3404 
4179 


Nut. 

Parker. 

Holland. 


5 


38 45 43. 72 


76 29 41. 78 


N 17 09 W 
N 73 04 W 
S 36 31 w 


vS 17 10 E 
S 73 06 E 
N 36 30 E 


4908 
4462 
5151 


Nut. 

Parker. 

Holland. 


6 


38 44 36. 67 


76 29 21.57 


N 15 54 W 
N 53 26 W 
S 62 i8 W 


S 15 55 E. 
S 53 28 E 
N 62 17 E 


7228 
5977 
4064 


Nut. 

Parker. 

Holland. 



LANDMARKS (U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY TRIANGUI,ATION 

STATIONS). 

EXPLANATION OF DESCRIPTION OF LANDMARKS. 

The oyster-culture laws of Marj-land authorizing the survey of natural oyster bars 
provide for " an accurate report of said survey, setting forth such a description of land- 
marks as may be necessary to enable the said Board, or their succes.sors, to find and 
ascertain the boundary lines of said natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks, as shown by 
delineation on the maps and charts." The law of the United States authorizing the 
cooperation of the Department of Commerce and Labor in the survey of natural oyster 
bars of Maryland provides for the erection of ' ' such structures as may be necessary to 
mark the points of triangulation, so that the same may be used for such future work of 
the Coa.st and Geodetic Survey as the said Bureau may be hereafter required to perform 
in prosecuting the Government coast survey of the navigable waters of the United 
States located within the State of Maryland." 

Under the provisions of the sections of the laws .stated above the markings and 
descriptions of landmarks must be sufficient for the present and 'future needs of both 
the Government and the State. With this end in view considerable effort has been 
expended in erecting permanent monuments at the triangulation stations and in the 
proper description of their location. 
330—07 S 



66 Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Aid. 

An effort has been made to arrange the description of stations in a uniform and 
logical manner. The descriptions start with the assumption that the individual seeking 
the station has only an indefinite idea of its location. They then graduall)- proceed 
from general descriptions of the surroundings of a landmark to the specific details of 
the character of the center and reference markings. An examination of the descrip- 
tions themselves will be.st indicate the method followed. 

The heading of each description is the name by which the landmark is known and 
designated in all work and records executed by the commission. Where the same 
name is used for two or more stations, as is the case in several instances in Anne 
Arundel County, the general locality of the station being described is given in paren- 
theses alongside its name. 

In the first paragraph, under the heading of "Locality," is given a description of 
the general locality of the landmark and the serial ninnber of the published chart of 
the oyster bars of Anne Arundel County which best shows its location. The second 
paragraph, under this same heading, furni.shes the description of the immediate localit}- 
of the landmark and refers to the bearing and distance of the cement monument mark- 
ing the reference station, as it is the first object that is likely to catch the eye when the 
immediate vicinity of the desired station is reached. 

Under the heading of " Marks ^' a description is given of the markings of the 
"observed station" and the "reference station." It will be noted that although the 
"observed station" is the one "occupied" and "observed on" for horizontal angles, 
it is not marked as well as the reference station, and in many instances has only a pine 
stub to indicate its position. This is the case, for the reason that the necessity of inter- 
visibilit}' of triangulation stations usuall}' made it compulsory to locate the.se stations 
on edges of banks and ends of points of land, which in Chesapeake Bay and tributaries 
generally means that they will be washed away in a short period of years. The past 
experience of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in this region showed the necessity of 
reference marks, if the reestablishment of a new framework of triangulation was to be 
avoided in the near future. 

The marks designated in the descriptions as " the center point of triangle on stand- 
ard cement monument" are all exactly alike. They are made out of cement, sand, 
and gravel and are 2 feet long and 8 inches square at top and bottom. Their tops are 
all marked with the same brass mold and show a center hole surrounded by a triangle, 
with the letters " M. S. F. C." arranged around the vertex and the letters " U. S. C. S." 
underneath the base of the triangle. All of the.se monuments have been planted in the 
.same manner, with their tops projecting 3 or 4 inches above the surface of the ground. 
As the above facts in reference to the ' ' standard cement monuments ' ' are a constant 
element in all the descriptions, their needless repetition is avoided by this one statement. 

It is the expectation that the "reference stations," the character of which is 
explained above, will be used in the near future in the place of the original stations. 
This has been made possible by the careful measurements of direction and distance of 
these stations from the "observed station" which are recorded under the heading of 
" References." " 



"To obtain the geographic positions of anj' of the "observed stations" or of the "reference 
stations," application should be made to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey at 
Washington. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 6j 

Under the heading of ' ' References ' ' are given the directions and distances of all 
objects that might be useful in locating the stations when the surface marks can 
not be found. It is also contemplated that for general purposes of topography or 
location of boundaries of oyster bars, these references will be sufficient in many cases, 
to relocate the ' ' observed station " or " reference station ' ' when both of them have 
been destroyed but the reference objects remain. 

The first reference object given in the descriptions is always a triangulation station 
visible from the station being described. Its direction is taken as being o° oo' oo", 
and the directions of all other objects are measured from it as an initial point, the angles 
being taken in a clockwise direction (left to right). 

The true bearing "of the initial object is always given, in parentheses alongside the 
name. This furnishes means for the calculation of the bearings of any of the reference 
objects for the purposes of locating a station bj^ compass bearings, or the relocation of 
corner buoys of 03'ster-bar boundaries by the method of horizontal angles described 
under the heading of "Boundaries of natural oyster bars." 

The distances in the last column under "References" are given in three different 
units, which vary according to their accuracy. The ' ' miles ' ' are statute miles and 
maj' be considered only as rough estimates. The "yards" are more accurate, but must 
be looked on as results generally' obtained by pacing or careful estimating. The 
"meters," however, are accurate to the degree indicated by their decimals and in ever}- 
case have been measured with a steel tape. 

NORTH POINT (OLD TOWER). 

Locality. — South of North Point about 150 yards offshore. (See Chart No. i.) 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of lantern on old stone tower formerly used as a light- 
house. 

References. — o / 

" Craighill Channel Light (Front Range)" S Si 20 E 2/2 miles. 

CRAIGHILL CHANNEL LIGHT (FRONT RANGE). 

Locality. — Offshore about 2^ miles east by south of North Point and about 4 miles north-north- 
east of Bodkin Point. (See Chart No. i.) 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of black lantern on brown structure known as Craighill 
Channel Front Range Light-hou.se. 

References. — ° ' 

■ "North Point (Old Tower)" N Si 19 W lyi miles. 

ROCK POINT. 

Locality. — South side of entrance to Rock Creek on Rock Point. (See Chart No. i.) 
Observed station is near the extreme end of point about 70 yards southeast from a small tower 
and 12 yards from the sea wall. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

" Seven Foot Knoll Light " (878° 17' E) o 00 00 3 ^^^ miles. 

Bodkin Point ( Old Tower) 25 43 33;^ miles. 

Tower on east corner 194 00 70 yards. 

Outer ' ' White Rocks " 211 07 ^ mile. 

Water tower (opposite shore) 291 27 2j^ miles. ' 

«The mean magnetic declination for Anne Arundel County (in 1907) is 5° 45' west of north, and 
. it is increasing at the rate of 3' yearly. 



68 



Sm vey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 



SEVEN FOOT KNOLL LIGHT. 

Locality. — Offshore about xYz miles north-northeast of Bodkin Point and 3)4^ miles southeast by 
south of North Point. (See Chart N6. i.) 

Marks. — Observed station is center of lantern on brown screw pile structure known as Seven 
Foot Knoll Light-house. 

References. — ° ' 

"Bodkin Point (Old Tower) " S 30 03 W i>^ miles. 

BODKIN POINT (OLD TOWER). 

Locality. — South side of entrance to Bodkin Creek, on Bodkin Point, about 15 yards east of old 
stone house. (See Chart No. i.) 

Observed station is on top and at center of old tower formerly used as a light-house. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of a drill hole about 2 inches in diameter and 3 inches 
deep. 

References. — ° ' 

"Seven Foot Knoll Light" N 30 04 E i>< miles. 

LOCUST. 

Locality. — On shore of bay, midway between Bodkin Point Tower and the mouth of Magofhy 
River. Counting down the bay from Bodkin Tower the station is located on the fifth bluff and near 
the center of it. (See Chart No. i.) 

Observed station is on the top of a bluff 20 feet high. It is 25 feet back from the edge of the bluff 
and just outside of a large orchard. Cement monument marking reference station is 6.77 meters west 
of observed station. 

Matks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden stub set flush with ground. Reference station is 
the center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — a , ,, 

"Seven Foot Knoll Light" (N 17° 49' E) ... . o 00 

Farm-house (through trees) 165 56 

Reference station 242 22 

Nail in blaze on tree 249 43 6. 59 meters. 

Nail in blaze on tree (6 inches diameter) 333 12 15-57 nieters. 

Bodkin Point (Old Tower) 350 43 1)^ miles. 



00 4 miles. 

}l mile. 

20 6. 77 meters. 



BAY (MAGOTHY RIVER). 

Locality. — Magothy River, on north shore of Siller}' Bay, about J< mile west of Long Point and 
lYz miles northeast of Dobbins Island. (See Chart No. i.) 

Observed station is on edge of woods, about 2 feet above and 20 feet back from high-water mark. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 4.55 meters north of obser\'ed station. 

Marlis. — Observed station is a nail in a stub surrounded by a pine box projecting 6 inches above 
the ground. Reference station is the center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / /i 

"Dobbins" (S 29° 01' W) o 

Right tangent Dobbins Island 9 

Right tangent small island 19 

Nail in blaze on tree ( 12 inches diameter) 112 

Reference station 149 

Nail in blaze on tree ( 12 inches diameter) 232 

Right tangent Gibson Island 326 



00 00 1^4" miles. 

15 ly^ miles. 

II \% miles. 

15 6.98 meters. 

19 10 4.55 meters. 

53 9.41 meters. 

53 ^Yz miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 69 

PHIL. 

Locality. — North end of Gibson Island on point on south side of entrance to the cove making 
out from Sillery Bay. This cove nearly separates the island from the mainland. (See Chart No. i.) 
Observed station is on the northwestern side of a low sand spit at about high-water mark. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 0.95 meters northeast of obser\'ed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a broad pole signal with bottom of pole set in a wooden box pro- 
jecting 6 inches above the ground. Reference station is the center point of a triangle on standard 
cement monument. 

References. — a / // 

" Bay " (N 57° 20' W) o 00 00 % mile. 

Small white shanty 23 18 % mile. 

Brown dwelling 129 28 }i mile. 

Reference station 135 51 00 o. 95 meter. 

White dwelling (left end) 192 10 3^' mile. 

HICKORY. 

Locality. — Northwest shore of Sillery Bay on Hickory Bar Point, about ^ mile north by east of 
Dobbins Island and 34^ mile west by south of entrance to cove separating Gibson Island from main- 
land. (See Chart No. i.) 

Observed station is i foot above and 30 feet back from high-water mark and a short distance from 
the extreme point. Cement monument marking reference station is 2.38 meters northwest of observed 
station. 

il/arX'i. — Observed station is a nail in a stub set in a box projecting 6 inches above the ground. 
Reference station is the center point of a triangle on standard cement monvnnent. 
References. — o / // 

" Dobbins " (S 7° 51' W) o 00 00 3_^' mile. 

Right tangent Dobbins Island 20 09 ^ mile. 

Reference st.\tion 131 24 00 2. 38 meters. 

Nail in blaze on old tree 135 38 7- 36 meters. 

Left tangent point at entrance to cove 254 29 i mile. 

Lone tree near "Purse," triangulation station . 332 33 3 miles. 

SILLERY. 

Locality. — West shore of Sillery on the northwest point of Gibson Island about i mile northeast 
of Dobbins Island. (See Chart No. i. ) 

Observed station is on top of a bluff 6 feet high and 15 feet back from the edge. It is about 50 
feet south of the break of the bluff where a low marsh commences. A small stump stands about i 
foot distant with blaze facing station. Cement monument marking reference station is 5.99 meters 
southeast of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden stub set flush with the ground. Reference station 
is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Hickory " (N 70° 41' W) o 00 00 yi mile. 

Nail in blaze on hickory tree (6 inches diam- 
eter) 129 10 9.39 meters. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (4 inches diameter) . 174 45 10. 12 meters. 

REFERENCE STATION 197 49 50 5.99 meters. 

Unpainted building (seen through trees) 208 44 ^ mile. 

Left tangent Dobbins Island 303 13 I mile. 

Chimney on house (opposite shore) 350 47 i mile. 



JO Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

PEACH HILL. 

Locality. — Summit of a prominent hill on Gibson Island about % mile back from shore of bay 
and I V miles north of entrance to Magothy River. (See Chart No. i.) 

Observed station is on the second hill south of the sand beach connecting Gibson Island with 
the mainland and }i mile south of a white dwelling house. Cement monument marking reference 
station is 10.75 nieters southeast of observed station. 

Marks. — Observ-ed station is the intersection of two cross lines on the top of a granite monument 
projecting 4 inches above the ground. Reference station is the center point of a triangle on stand- 
ard cement monument. 

References. — o / ,, 

"Welch" (841° 14' W) o 

Chimney of house (near Welch ) i 

Cupola of barn 96 

Right tangent of dwelling 134 

Nail in stump (5 inches diameter) 177 

Reference .station 263 



51 



% mile. 

% mile. 

X mile. 

21 % mile. 

21 4.13 meters. 

48 10 10.75 meters. 



WELCH. 



Locality. — Southern end of Gibson Lslahd on top of prominent hill about !>' mile north by west 
of Mountain Point and i '^ miles southeast of Dobbins Island. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is in the side yard of house belonging to James Ellison and is 29.60 nieters south 
of the northeast corner of house. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Revell" (S69° 56' W) o 

Nail in blaze on stump (15 inches diameter) . . 71 

Northeast corner of porch of house ii5 

Nail in blaze on tree (6 inches diameter) 170 

Left tangent of Sandy Point 256 



00 00 I ^ miles. 

13 23. 60 meters. 

12 29. 60 meters. 

31 30. 83 meters. 

00 3 miles. 



BLUFF (MAGOTHY RIVER). 

Locality. — West side of Gibson Island and northwest shore of Magothy River, about i mile north- 
west of Mountain Point. It is near the center of the third prominent bluff from Mountain Point. 
(See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is on the top of a bluff 20 feet high. It is in a thick woods about 15 feet from 
the edge of the bluff. Cement monument marking reference station is 5 meters northeast by east of 
observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden stub set flush with ground. Reference station is 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Revell" (S 49° 48' W) o 

Left tangent Dobbins Island 55 

Chimney of white house on Dobbins Island ... 61 

Right tangent Dobbins Island 64 

Nail in blaze on tree (15 inches diameter) 131 

Reference st.\tion 189 

Nail in blaze on tree ( 12 inches diameter) 216 

Lone tree ( near ' ' Purse ' ' triangulation station ) . 302 



00 00 1% miles. 

06 I mile. 

iS I mile. 

30 I mile. 

59 7. 94 meters. 

43 20 5 meters. 

58 6. 35 meters. 

50 2 miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County, Aid. 



71 



DOBBINS. 

Locality. — North side of Magothy River on extreme east end of Dobbins Island. (See Chart No. 2. ) 
Observed station is on top of a bluff 25 feet high and abouf30 feet back from the edge. Cement 
monument marking reference station is 3.37 meters west of station. 

■ Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a stub projecting 3 inches above-ground. Reference station 
is center point of a triangle on standard cement monument. 

Refevt'iices. — o / // 

' ' Bay " ( N 29° o i ' E ) o 00 oo i ',< miles. 

Yellow house 46 31 i mile. 

Sandy Point Light 108 22 6 miles. 

Lone tree near " Purse " triangulation station .123 00 2 '4 miles. 

Chimney of house on island 201 51 150 yards. 

Reference station 220 24 50 3.37 meters. 

Tangent to Hickorj' Bar Point 33S 52 V niile. 

IRON. 

Locality. — North shore Magothy River on extreme southeast end of Park Point and between 
entrances to Park and Broad creeks. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on the top of a bluff about 15 feet higli and is 15 feet back from the edge. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 5.01 meters northwest by west of station. 

J/ar/;.s. — Observed .station is a nail in a wooden stub jjrojecting 3 inches above the ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Huddle" (S iS° 13' \V) o 

Nail in blaze on tree ( 12 inches diameter) .... 95 

Rekkrence st.\tion 122 

Nail in blaze on tree 1 28 

Nail in blaze on forked tree 190 

House on Dobbins Island 258 

Lone tree near ' ' Purse ' ' triangulation .station . 298 



47 



I mile. 

8. 96 meters. 

18 20 5.01 meters. 

19 10. 46 meters. 

57 4-37 meters. 

II i.^ mile. 

13 3 miles. 



HAM. 

Locality. — North shore of upper end of Magothy River opposite I'erry Point on first point west of 
mouth of Blackhole Creek. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on a low flat sandy point making out from a bluff 15 feet high. It is 3 feet 
above and 10 feet back from high-water mark. Cement monument marking reference station is 7.34 
meters north of observed station. 

.Mar/ts. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden stub projecting 3 inches above the ground. Ref- 
erence station is the center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

" Ferry" (S 14° 17' E) o 00 uo y, mile. 

Reference station 201 , 20 00 7. 34 meters. 

Nail in blaze on tree ( 12 inches diameter) 260 55 7-54 meters. 

House on Dobljins Island 283 58 2% miles. 

Old Station 317 03 6. 04 meters. 

BANK. 

Locality. — North shore of upper end of Magothy River about i^ mile northwest from mouth of 
Blackliole Creek and nearly abrea.st of Cypress Creek. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is at the base of a bluff about 20 feet high. It is 2 feet above and 2 feet back 
from high-water mark. Several large brown bowlders are scattered in front of the station. Cement 
monument marking reference station is 11. 85 meters northeast by north of the observed station on the 
top of bluff. It can not be seen from the observed station. 



72 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel Counfy, Md. 

Marks. — Observed station is a pole signal with the lower end of the pole sunk in a box projecting 
I foot above the ground. Reference station is the center point of a triangle on standard cement 
monument. 

References. — ° ' 

"Horn" {S65 33 W) K mile. 

Reference station S by W 11. 86 meters. 

HORN (MAGOTHY RIVER). 

Locality. — South shore of upper end of Magothy River about % mile southeast from mouth of 
Cattail Creek and J4 mile north of Cypress Creek. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on a point about 2 feet above and 10 feet back from high-water mark. Slope 
of bank begins at station and rises to an elevation of 20 feet and is covered with woods. A pile of 
stone surrounds station. Cement monument marking reference station is 4.51 meters south by east of 
station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden stub 3 inches below the surface of the ground. 
Reference station is the center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — a r r/ 

" Huddle " ( vS 63° 06' E) o 00 00 2){ miles. 

White house near mouth of Dividing Creek ... 38 oS f/ mile. 

Reference station 42 02 40 4. 5 1 meters. 

Nail in blaze on tree (4 inches diameter) 49 13 7. 82 meters. 

Nail in blaze on forked tree 78 22 5.21 meters. 

Chimney of white house across river 254 59 j,< mile. 

TAIL. 

Locality. — South shore of upper end of Magothy River on Stony Point at eastern side of entrance 
to Dividing Creek. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on the upper edge of a bluff 15 feet high. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 6.94 meters south-southeast of station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a pole signal with base stuck in a vertical box. Reference station is 
center point of triangle oh standard cement monument. 

References. — a / /, 

" Horn " ( N 24° 24' W) o 00 00 |^ mile. 

White house « •. 17 24 \% miles. 

Nail in blaze on tree (8 inches diameter) 129 18 11. 22 meters. 

Reference station 171 13 00 6. 94 meters. 

Nail in blaze on tree (6 inches diameter) 192 47 3. 14 meters. 

Small hill on point on mouth of Dividing 

Creek , 242 50 '/ nule. 

Chimney on house on west shore of Dividing 

Creek 267 oS -'^ mile. 

FERRY. 

Locality. — South shore of Magothy River on Ferry Point about )< mile east of mouth of Dividing 
Creek. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is 15 feet from and 3 feet above high-water mark. There are five cedar trees in 
close proximity to the station. Cement monument marking reference station is 5.08 meters southwest 
by south from observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in cement in a tile pipe buried i foot below the surface. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

" Huddle" (S 72° 50' E) o uo 00 1 '4' iniles. 

Nail in blaze on forked tree (4 inches diameter) 28 34 9. 74 meters. 

Nail in blaze on tree (6 inches diameter) 57 46 22. 70 meters. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel Comity, Md. 73 

REFERENCE STATION 97 05 lo 5. oS meters. 

Top of white house 114 22 Yz mile. 

Nail in blaze on tree (8 inches diameter) 6. 43 meters. 

House on Dobbins Island 332 30 2^ miles. 

House on hill back of Mountain Point 347 04 3'/^ miles. 

HUDDLE. 

Locality. — vSouth shore of Magoth}- River on Huddles Point about :V mile northeast of inner 
entrance to Forked Creek. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is about 10 feet from the edge of a sandy bank 8 feet high. Cement monument 
marking reference station is 4.99 meters south-southwest from observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail set in cement in a tile pipe projecting i inch above the sand. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Iron" (N 19° 13' E) o 00 00 i mile. 

House on Dobbins Island 37 52 i,'4f miles. 

House on hill back of Mountain Point 69 48 2^4' miles. 

Nail in blaze on tree (3 inches diameter) 176 38 15. 86 meters. 

Reference station i86 32 50 4. 99 meters. 

Nail in blaze on tree ( 14 inches dianieter) .... 255 33 5. 86 meters. 

REVELL. 

Locality. -South shore of Magothy River, about i '4^ miles west-northwest of Persimmon Point 
and I % miles south of east end of Dobbins Island. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is on a bluff 6 feet high and 22 feet from the edge. It is in a large cleared 
space about 100 yards west of woods. Cement monument marking reference station is 5.54 meters 
south southwest of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden stub projecting 4 inches above the ground. 
Reference station is the center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

" Huddle " (N 67° 20' W) o 00 00 I'/i miles. 

House on Dobbins Island 71 18 I'/i miles. 

House on hill back of Mountain Point 136 35 l}i miles. 

Right tangent Mountain Point i6i 18 i^ miles. 

Reference st.\tion 261 20 00 5.54 meters. 

PURSE. 

Locality. — South of entrance to Magothy River on a prominent hill about '+ uiile .south .south- 
east of Persimmon Point. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on the nearer of two summits, the other one being occupied by a lone cedar 
tree. The observed station is almost on line between this cedar tree and Mountain Point. Cement 
nionmnent marking reference station is 8.93 meters south of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden stub projecting 4 inches above the ground. 
Reference station is the center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

" Bluff " (N 9° 10' W) o 00 00 1% miles. 

Tangent to shore toward Sandy Point 31 26 ^r^ mile. 

Right tangent to Gibson Island 34 36 2 miles 

Left chimney of farmhou.se with red roof 133 52 yi mile. 

Reference st.\tion 185 05 50 8. 93 meter 

Lone cedar tree SSW 185 paces 

Left of two prominent trees 288 27 j( mile 

Right of two prominent trees 295 07 j^ mile. 

330—07 9 



74 



Sm"vey of Oyster Bars, Amie Arundel County .^ Md. 



Reference 



2j4 miles. 
3 miles. 
]i mile. 



MAGOTHY. 

Locality. — West shore of bay, about halfway between Persimmon Point and Sandy Point. It is 
about 2 miles northwest of Sandy Point Light and about 2 miles south-southeast of Mountain Point. 
(See Chart No. 2.) . 

Observed station is about 20 feet back from the edge of a l)luff 20 feet high. It is just outside au 
orchard about midway between a group of farm buildings and a grove of trees to the westward. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 11.63 meters west of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden stub projecting 3 inches above ground, 
station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — c / // 

"Welch" (N 32° 08' W) o 00 

Right tangent Gibson Island 21 02 

West peak of farmhouse 184 49 

Nail in blaze on tree 15S 52 62. 3 meters. 

Reference st.\tion 287 44 10 1 1 . 63 meters. 

Nail in blaze on tree 336 14 32. 92 meters. 

CORN. 

Locality. — West shore of bay, about i mile northwest of Sandy Point Light. (vSee Chart No. 2.) 
Observed station is in a cultivated field about 18 feet back from edge of a bluff 15 feet high. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 9.42 meters west of observed statiou. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a .stub set flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle of standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Peach Hill " (N 20° 48' W) o 

Baltimore Light 19 

Extreme north tangent of Kent Island 98 

.Sandy Point Light 149 

Lone oak tree ( 2 inches diameter) 229 

East peak of red roof of barn or house 243 

Reference st.\tion 258 



47 
47 
34 
14 
08 
51 



30 



4 miles. 
1% miles. 

5 miles. 
I mile. 

% mile. 

% mile. 

9. 42,5 meters. 



SANDY POINT LIGHT. 



Locality. — East of Sandy Point about J^ mile offshore. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Marks.— Q.^vAex point of black lantern on brown caisson structure known as Sandy Point Light- 
house. 

References. — ° ' 

" Bay Side " S 64 14 W %, mile. 

RING. 

Locality. — Shore of bay on west side of Kent Island about 2 miles south-southwest of Love Point 
and 3 miles east of Sandy Point Light. ( See Progress map. ) 

Observed station is about 20 feet above and 35 feet back from high-water mark. It is in a culti- 
vated field on top of bank and about 6 feet Back from edge. Cement monument marking reference 
station is 9.36 meters east of obser\-ed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with its top 3 inches below the surface. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Sandy Point Light" ( N 84° 56' W) o 

Cupola on barn 117 

South chimney on white house 141 

Reference station 164 

Lone tree (2 inches diameter) 224 

South chimney on white house 238 



51 



3 miles. 

I mile. 

00 % mile. 

17 10 ' 9.36 meters. 

10 300 yards. 

56 300 yards. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 75 

BAY SIDE. 

Locality. — West shore of bay on Sandy Point about ^ mile west-southwest of Sandy Point Light 
and about ]4. mile southeast of Bay Side Farm dwellings. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is on low sandy point about 2 feet above and 75 yards back from high-water 
mark and 14 paces east of road to Bay Side house. A number of small locust trees stand in the 
immediate vicinity. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Sandy Point Light" (N 64° 13' E) o 00 00 ^ mile. 

Nail in locust tree (8 inches diameter) 128 45 19.69 meters. 

Nail in locust tree (6 inches diameter) 173 46 17.02 meters. 

West chimney of Bay Side Farm house 245 56 350 yards. 

West cupola on Bay Side barn 249 45 400 yards. 

West peak of small house (red roof) 275 40 300 yards. 

CLUMP. 

Locality. — West shore of bay about one-third way from Hackett Point to Sandy Point on the 
narrow neck of land east of Goose Pond. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is 3 feet above and 15 feet back from high-water mark. A group of pine trees 
stand west of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 6.24 meters west of observed 
station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a stub set fiush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Sandy Point Light" (N 47° 47' E) o 00 00 2 miles. 

West chimney of white house on Kent Island 

abreast of station 62 12 4 miles. 

Nail in blaze on pine tree (10 inches diameter) . 185 58 S.oo meters. 

St. Anne's Church spire in Annapolis 202 44 4 miles. 

Statehouse Dome 206 35 4 miles. 

Reference station 218 01 40 6.42 meters. 

Nail in blaze on pine tree (lo inches diameter) . 247 17 S.6S meters. 

West chimney of white house 313 09 I mile. 

WASH. 

Locality. — East shore of bay, on west side of Kent Island, about >< mile south of entrance to Broad 
Creek. ( See Progress map. ) 

Observed station is in a cultivated field about 30 feet back from edge of bluff 15 feet high and 
about 15 feet south of a small gully making in from bay. Cement monument marking reference 
station is 12.90 meters east of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a stub flush with ground. Reference station is center of 
triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Sandy Point Light " (N 36° 19' W) o 00 00 3 >^ miles. 

West chimney of house 116 24 y^ mile. 

East chimney of white house 149 38 400 yards. 

Reference station 156 11 10 1 2. 90 meters. 

Cupola on barn 164 09 400 yards. 

Lone tree ( 2>i feet diameter) 195 32 150 yards. 

Tree ( 15 inches diameter) 208 34 175 yards. 

East chimney on white house 234 38 y^ mile. 

Thomas Point Light 260 32 7 miles. 



!(> 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 



HACKETT. 

Locality. — North side of Annapolis Roads, on the east side of Hackett Point, about 2 miles north- 
east of Greenbury Light and 3 miles southwest of Sandy Point Light. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is in a cultivated field about 21 feet back from edge of a bluff 15 feet high. It 
is about 90 feet north of the extreme southeast end of point. A number of large sandstone bowlders 
are at the foot of the bluff near the station and a group of several stumps stand on edge of bank oppo- 
site station. Cement monument marking reference station is 8. 68 meters northwest of obser\'ed station. 
Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub set flush with ground. Reference station is 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — a / „ 

"Greenbury Light " (S 52° 55' W) o 

St. Anne's Church spire 24 

Statehouse Dome 28 

Chapel Dome (Naval Academy) 31 

Reference station 57 

North chimney of red roof house 1 20 

Sandy Point Light 172 



00 00 2 miles. 

12 2i/i niiles. 

34 3X miles. 

68 3 miles. 

05 00 8. 68 meters. 

15 H ™ile. 

37 3 miles. 



00 00 2 miles. 

^17 yi mile. 

25 V2 mile. 

28 % mile. 

37 Vz mile. 



SPIT. 

Locality. — East shore of Whitehall Bay on west side Hackett Point about }4 mile south of 
Whitehall wharf and 2 miles northeast of Greenbury Point. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on low sand point about 4 feet above and 50 yards back from end of point at 
high water mark and is on round sand knoll abont 2 feet high. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — a / t> 

"Greenbury Light" (S 43° 50' W) o 

North chimney of house on opposite shore 23 

North chimney of Whitehall house 131 

North chimney of white house 139 

Peak of small house on Whitehall wharf 155 

Northwest corner of small shanty 186 40 100 yards. 

Nail in locust tree (4 inches diameter) 231 30 35 yards. 

Chimney on small house 250 15 150 yards. 

CHASE (WHITEHALL BAY). 
Locality. — West shore of Whitehall Bay on point between Mill and Whitehall creeks about % 
mile northwest of Hackett Point and y^ mile west by south of Whitehall wharf. (See Chart No. 2.) 
Observed station is in young peach orchard about 30 feet back from edge of a bank iS feet high. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 8.87 meters northeast of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in stub flush with ground. Reference station is center point 
of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o , ,, 

"Greenbury Light" (S 26° 22' W) o 

Lone tree (2 feet diameter) 150 

Reference station 191 

Center of Whitehall wharf house 230 

West chimney on red roof house (oppositeshore) 265 
West edge of small shanty on beach (opposite 
shore) 278 18 Yi, mile. 



00 00 2 miles. 

49 300 yards. 

27 00 S. 87 meters. 

49 % mile. 

50 % mile. 



oo oo 


. . . . 250 yards. 


37 •• 


1 1 .55 meters. 


03 ■• 


. . . . 1% miles. 


37 •■ 


. . . . 1% miles. 


32 .. 


. . . . i}i miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County, Md. 77 

GREENBURY. 

Locality. — North side of entrance to Severn River, on Greenbury Point, about )i mile north 
of Greenbury Light-house. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is 60 feet back from end of point and 15 feet above high-vrater mark. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Greenbury Light " (S 7° 20' E) o 

Nail in dead cherry tree (12 inches diameter) . . 6 

Statehouse Dome 107 

Chapel Dome (Naval Academy) 1 14 

Center of water tower opposite Naval Academy , 144 

GREENBURY POINT LIGHT. 

Locality. — North side of entrance to Annapolis Harbor, about 250 yards off shore south of Green- 
bury Point. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Marks. — Center of black lantern on screw pile structure known as Greenbury Point Light-house. 
References. — ° ' 

' ' Greenbury " N 7 20 \V 250 yards. 

FORT. 

Locality. — Northeast side of entrance to Severn River, about i mile northwest of Greenbury Point 
and I mile northeast of Naval Academy sea wall. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is 6 feet back from top of bank protected by a masonry wall that has fallen 
down in places, 10 feet above high-water mark, and 2 feet north of a brick gutter on top of bank. 
Cement faonument marking reference station is 9.12 meters north of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe, with top flush with surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Horn " (S 38° 20' W) o 00 00 3^ mUe. 

Saint Anne's Church spire 30 11 1 1^ miles. 

Statehouse Dome 41 23 i '4 miles. 

Chapel Dome (Navel Academy) 4S 06 i mile. 

South chimney of yellow house (red roof) .... 88 37 80 yards. 

Reference station 150 00 40 9. 12 meters. 

Greenbury Light 296 12 \% mile. 

BLUFF (SEVERN RIVER). 

Locality. — East side of Severn River, on high bluff, opposite Santee \\'harf of Naval Academy. 
(See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is 6 feet back from edge of bank 25 feet high. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 11.S42 meters northeast of observed station. 

JMarks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe, with top 6 inches below surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o , ,, 

" Hospital" (N 80° 00' \V) o 00 00 % mile. 

West chimney of yellow house 51 13 _^ mile. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (18 inches , 

diameter) 106 09 25. 93 meters. 

Reference STATION 126 56 20 11. 84 meters. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (S inches diameter) . 163 46 26. 27 meters. 

Statehouse Dome 318 54 ^ mile. 

Chapel Dome (Naval Academy) 322 01 ^ mile. 

Saint John's CoUege 329 25 ^ mile. 



78 Survey of Oyster Bars, Aiinc Arimdel County, Md. 

BRICE. 

Locality. — Northeast shore of Severn River on Brice Point near northeast end of County Bridge. 
(See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is 15.40 meters northeast of end of rail of County Bridge about 9 yards north of 
center of County road and 25 yards west of small pond. It is 3 feet above and 75 feet back from high- 
water mark. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References.— o / // 

" BluiT " (S 46° 01' E) o 00 00 1^ mile. 

Chapel Dome (Naval Academy) 50 23 ^ mile. 

Statehouse Dome 61 51 ^^ mile. 

Lowest bolt head in end post of ground rail 

on County Bridge 65 24 15.40 meters. 

Chimney on bridge-tender's house loi 18 ^ mile. 

South chimney of yellow house • 157 50 3^ mile. 

Chimney on slate-covered house 190 18 y^ mile. 

North chimney of yellow house 199 26 >2 mile. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (4 inches diameter) 208 15 10.S9 meters. 

West chimne}' of house 267 17 ^ mile. 

Nail in lilaze on locust stump (4 inches diam- 
eter') 339 23 4. 29 meters. 

KNOB. 

Locality. — North shore of Severn River about 150 yards northwest b}- north of north end Mary- 
land Electric Railway Bridge. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on round knob-hill about 15 feet above and 30 feet back from high-water mark. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 11. 28 meters northeast of observed station. 

3Larks. — Observed .station is a nail in pine stub projecting 4 inches above ground. Reference 
.station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

Keferences.— o / // 

" Weems " (N 88° 48' W) o 00 00 3^ mile. 

■ South peak of 3'ellow house 27 08 2 miles. 

North chimney of yellow house no 41 250 yards. 

Reference Station 124 49 40 11.28 meters. 

Chimney on small shanty on railroad bridge. . 203 44 150 yards. 

Chapel Dome (Naval Academy) 254 25 i >| miles. 

Hospital (covered chimney or cupola) 261 25 i^ miles. 

Statehouse Dome 263 14 1 5^ miles. 

SPRING. 

Locality. — Northeast shore of Severn River about 3-( mile above the Maryland Electric Railway 
Bridge and on first point southeast of mouth of Cool Creek. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on low sand point about 2 feet above and 45 feet back from high-water mark. 
It is about 15 yards west of small pond and 100 yards west of a bluff 25 feet high. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument, (NoTE. — 
This monument replaces a 4-inch tile pipe marking old station.) 

References. — o / // 

" Field " (S 29° 24' E) o 00 00 i mile. 

Chapel Dome (Naval Academy) 4 07 2 miles. 

North chimney on red house (opposite shore) . . 74 43 % mile. 

Chimney on white house (opposite shore) 90 06 }( mile. 

North chimney of yellow house 207 25 200 yards. 

Oak stump (5 inches diameter) 228 39 2. 35 meters. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (8 inches diameter) 291 03 7. 25 meters. 

Water tower (opposite Naval Academy) 340 07 2 miles. 



Survey of Oysler Bars, Anne Arundel Connly, Md. 



79 



COOL. 

Locality. — Northeast shore of Severn River on point between Chase and Cool Spring creeks and 
about \\i miles above the Maryland Electric Railway Bridge. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on low point of land about 2 feet above and 20 feet back from high-water mark 
and is 7 feet south of small drain ditch 2 feet wide. Cement monument marking reference station is 
7.25 meters north-northeast of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of 4-inch tile pipe flush with surface of ground. Reference 
station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

" Weenis " ( S 26° 14' E) o 00 00 ^ mile. 

Chimney on white house (opposite shore) 13 23 ^ mile. 

Chimney on small white shanty (opposite 

.shore) 53 39 ,'< mile. 

Chimney on yellow house (opposite shore) .... 139 15 i mile. 

West chimney of hou.se 180 42 ,"2 mile. 

Nail in blaze on persinnnon tree (4 inches 

diameter) 184 21 J 6. 50 meters. 

REFERENCE .STATION 221 29 ID 7. 25 meters. 

Nail in blaze on oak tree ( 12 inches diameter) . 311 04 14. 82 meters. 

Water tower (opposite Naval Academy) 336 13 2'%, miles. 



CHASE (SEVERN RIVER). 

Locality. — Northea.st .shore of Severn River on point on northwest side of entrance to Chase 
Creek. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on low marshy point about 2 feet above and 18 feet back from high-water 
mark and 25 yards .southwest of foot of a bluff 50 feet high. Cement monument marking reference 
station is 7.05 meters north of observed station. 

I\Iarl;s. — Observed station is center of 4-inch tile-drain flush with ground 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Cool" (S 47° 38' E) o 00 00 

Chimney on yellow house (opposite shore) .... 30 44 

Chimney on small shantj' (opposite shore) .... 38 01 

Middle window of yellow house (abreast of 

station ) 77 02 

North chimney of redroofhouse(opposite shore) 102 04 

Chimney on yellow house (opposite shore) .... 146 26 

Reference station 241 31 30 

North chimney of white house 306 34 ... 

POINT. 

/-(7Cfi'//Vi'.— Northeast shore of Severn River about '^ mile east-.southeast of Brewer Point and on 
second point northwest of mouth of Chase Creek. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is back of a long, low marsh point and about 25 feet up side of slope. Two lone 
cedar trees stand on prominent hill about 150 yards to. the northeast of station. Several old apple 
trees stand in the immediate vicinity of station. 

yI/(7;-^5. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. (Note. — 
This monument replaces a 4-inch drain tile marking old station. ) 

References.— o , „ ) 

"Salt" (S 1° 44' W) o 00 00 i.{ mile. 

Chimnej' on yellow house (opposite shore) ... 43 24 ',i mile. 

Southwest comer of house 139 43 Y mile. 

Nail in apple tree (12 inches diameter) 233 34 12. 55 meters. 

Windmill 255 15 250 yards. 

Nail in apple tree ( 15 inches diameter) 280 38 5. 70 meters. 



Reference station is 



^2 mile. 
yi mile. 
j4 mile. 

'4 mile. 
'4 mile. 
^2 mile. 
7. 05 meters. 
I mile. 



8o 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Amie Arundel Coiinly^ Md. 



BIGHT. 



mile 



Locality. — Northeast shore of Severn River about >2 mile northeast of Brewer Point and 
southeast of Arnold Point. (See Chart No. 2. 1 

Observed station is on low, narrow neck of land and about 2 feet above and 15 feet back from 
high-water mark. It is 15 feet south of foot of slope to a yellow sand bluff 60 feet high. A group of 
holly trees stand about 10 feet east of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 11.64 
meters northeast of observed station. 

JMarks. — Observed station is a nail in a stub set in center of a 4-inch tile pipe. Reference station 
is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° 

"Clem " (S 7° 45' W) o 

South chimney of yellow house (opposite shore) 36 
Northwest corner of unpainted hou.se ( opposite 

shore) 144 

Nail in blaze on leaning pine tree (12 inches 

diameter) 1 75 

Reference st.^tion 201 

Nail in blaze on holly tree (4 inches diameter). 251 05 3.79 meters. 

East cedar tree of two standing close together 
(first hill .south) , 353 



56 



17 



34' mile. 
Yz mile. 



■/ mile. 



09 



3.72 meters. 

20 11.64 meters. 



mile. 



ARNOLD. 



00 00 Yz mile. 

08 I '4 miles. 

57 5.96 meters. 



Locality. — Northeast shore of vSevern River on Arnold Point on northwest side of entrance to 
Aisquith Creek and about Yz mile north of Brewer Point. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is at foot of slope meeting a long, narrow, low neck of land extending about 
200 vards southeast of station.. It is 3 feet above and 12 feet back from high-water mark. .\ small 
holly tree stands about 15 feet east of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 3.75 
meters north of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in stub set in a tile pipe with top 3 inches below surface of 
ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monmnent. 
References. — o / // 

"Brewer " (S 6° 28' E) o 

Center of cottage on Long Point 123 

Nail in blaze on cedar tree ( 10 inches diameter) . 13S 

Reference station 167 16 40 3.75 meters. 

Northwest corner of small house up Aisquith 

Creek 255 30 ^'4 mile. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (4 inches diameter) . 293 33 8.31 meters. 

Chimney on yellow house (opposite shore) .... 358 09 i mile. 

SWAN. 

Locality. — Northeast shore of Round Bay in Severn River on north side of entrance to Ringolil 
Cove about \}i miles northeast by ea,st of Long Point. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is about 100 yards north of entrance to Ringold Cove; about 2 feet above and 15 
feet back from high-water mark and 25 feet west of a bluff 25 feet high. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 7.78 meters east of observed station. 

^farks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top 1 foot below surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o , ,/ 

" Long" (S 73° 38' W ) o 00 uo lY miles. 

Peak of yellow house (opposite shore) 17 04 jY niiles. 

West chimney of white house 62 54 i^ miles. 

North tangent of brown wharf house 8 r 53 3^ mile. 

Nail in pine tree ( 15 inches diameter) 125 42 12.76 meters. 

Reference station 165 39 30 7. 78 meters. 

Nail in red oak tree (2 feet diameter) 178 03 12. 50 meters. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 8i 

HIGH. 

Locality. — Northeast shore of Round Bay in Severn River on Eaglenest Point and on ground 
occupied by the Round Bay Resort. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is 15 feet back from the edge of a bank 20 feet high and 25 paces southwest of 
the southwest corner of the dancing pavilion. Cement monument marking reference station is 8.66 
meters northeast of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top i foot below surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Swan" (S 33° 19' E) o 00 00 % mile. 

Chimney on house (opposite shore) 48 35 xyi, miles. 

Chimney on cottage on I,ong Point 65 31 i mile. 

Green water tower 154 44 ^ mile. 

Nail in blaze on pine tree (8 inches diameter) . 193 07 7- 98 meters. 

Southwest corner dancing pavilion 221 57 25 yards. 

Reference station 235 07 20 8. 66 meters. 

Nail in blaze on pine tree (7 inches diameter) . 254 07 7-58 meters. 

CEDAR (SEVERN RIVER). 

Locality. - Upper end of Round Bay in Severn River on Cedar Point. It is on the southeast 
side of entrance to Yantz Creek. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is 2 feet above and 50 feet back from high-water mark at the extreme west 
end of Cedar Point. Several cedar trees stand just east of station. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 7.92 meters east of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top i foot below surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Refere7ices. — o , n 

"High " (S 76° 39' E) o 00 00 T mile. 

Chinmey on red roof of cottage 2 29 \% miles. 

Chapel Dome (Naval Academy) 39 31 7 miles. 

Chimney on old house 210 57 i mile. ' 

Chimney on yellow house 230 58 y^ mile. 

Nailin blaze on locust tree (3 inches diameter ) , 288 17 10. 56 meter.s. 

Reference station 302 20 lo 7. 92 meters. 

Green water tower 339 33 ',' mile. 

SHARP. 

Locality. — Southwest shore of Round Bay in Severn River about 'j mile northwest of Long 
Point and X mile southeast of Cedar Point. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is on the first low point above Long Point, and is 2 feet above and 25 feet 
back from high-water mark. A wooded bluff is 100, feet west of station. Cement monument 
marking reference station is 5.31 meters southwest of observed .station. 

Marks. — Observed .station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top 1 foot below surface of 
ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — a , ,, 

"High" (N 63° 51' E) o 00 00 I mile. 

Cupola on brown wharf (opposite shore) 6 27 i mile. 

Chimney on red-roof cottage (opposite shore) . 14 32 i mile. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (3 inches diameter) , 132 46 8. 03 meters. 

Reference station 158 10 30 5. 31 meters. 

Chimney on yellow house 272 31 i|4 miles. 

Green water tower (opposite shore) 317 24 i mile. 

330—07 10 



82 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 



LONG. 

Locality. — North side of entrance to Little Round Bay in Severn River on Long Point, about Yz 
mile northeast of St. Helena Island. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on a low marsh point about 2 feet above and I2 feet back of high-water mark. 
A small cottage stands about 30 yards north of station. Cement monument riiarking reference station 
is 5.05 meters northwest of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top i foot lielow surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle of standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Bay" (S 18° 26' E) o 00 

West chimney on house (opposite shore) 14 59 

Nail in blaze on white oak tree (4 inches di- 
ameter) 9 > II 

Reference station 136 

Peak of cottage 153 

Nail in blaze on pine tree ( 8 inches diameter ) . 1 70 

Cupola on brown wharf (opposite shore) 237 

Chimney on red-roof cottage 247 



}{ mile. 
^ mile. 

10. 19 meters. 

5.05 meters. 

30 yards. 



58 20 . 

36 .. . 

52 lo- 97 meters. 

32 I mile. 

og 1 mile. 



LSLAND. 



Locality. — Little Round Bay in Severn River on the southeast point of St. Helena Island. (See 
Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is on a low marsh point about 2 feet above and 15 feet back from high-water 
mark and 25 feet south of foot of round hill 15 feet high. Cement monument marking reference 
station is 7.74 meters northwest of station. 

3/arA-s. — Observed .station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top i foot below surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on .standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

" Bay " (S 53° 19' E) o 00 00 i{ mile. 

South chimney on hou.se 95 35 i Ji miles. 

RiCFERENCE STATION 198 47 40 7. 74 meters. 

Nail in blaze on twin tree (6 inches diameter) . 202 04 9. ui meters. 

Nail in blaze on twin black haw tree (6 inches 

diameter) 244 511 5-42 meters. 

Chimney on red-roof cottage (opposite shore) . 2S0 29 i>2 miles. 

North peak of white barn (opposite shore) .... 294 3S i|< miles. 

Chimney on north end small house (opposite 

shore ) 306 12 2 miles. 

BAY (SEVERN RIVER). 

I.oca/ity. — Southwest shore of Severn River on south side of entrance to Round Bay, about H 
mile southeast of St. Helena Island and }4 uiile south by east of Long Point. ( See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is at high-water mark at foot of a bluff 25 feet high. Cement monument 
marking reference station is on slope 7.31 meters .southwest of observed station. 

.Marks. — Observed station is center of 4-inch tile pipe projecting lu inches above the .surface of 
ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"^rnold" (N 8u° lu' E) o 

North chimney of white house (opposite shore) 6 
Nail in blaze on white oak tree ( 2 feet diameter) 64 

Reference .station 116 

Nail in blaze on oak stump (8 inches diameter) 156 
Nail in blaze on chestnut oak ( 15 inches diam- 
eter) 198 

Southeast corner of cottage on Long Point .... 260 



00 00 I mile. 

01 i;,-2 miles. 

12 1 6. 50 meters. 

57 2u 7.31 meters. 

39 3-73 meters. 



07 12. 97 metens. 

28 i( mile. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 83 

BREWER (SEVERN RIVER). 

Locality. — Southwest shore of Severn River on Brewer Point and nortli of niouth'of Brewer Creek. 
(See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on a low sand point afiout 2 feet above and lo feet back from high-water mark 
and about 30 yards northwest of extreme end of point. A small lone holl}' tree stands southwest of 
station and a bluff 30 feet high is 25 feet southwest. Cement monument marking reference station is 
S.io meters south of obser\'ed station. 

3larks. — Observed station is a 4-inch tile pipe with top 6 inches below surface of ground. Refer- 
ence station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

" Point" (S 68° 37' E) o 00 00 % mile. 

North chimney of white house (opposite shore) 4 32 i mile. 

Chimney in center of yellow house 30 41 i)^ miles. 

Reference station 63 56 20 S. 10 meters. 

Nail in blaze on holh- tree (5 inches diameter) . 103 10 3.64 meters. 

Nail in blaze on cedar tree ( 12 inches diameter ) 165 11 35 yards. 

North chimney of yellow house (opposite .shore) 2S4 24 >2 mile. 

North chimney of green hou.se, windmill in rear 

(opposite shore) ^ 354 38 '4 mile. 

CLEM. 

Locality. — Southwest shore of Severn River on point between Clement Creek and Brewer Creek. 
(See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on a low .sand point about 2 feet above and 35 feet back from high-water mark. 
Cement monument marking reference .station is 10.07 meters west of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in stub flush with groinid, set in 4-inch tile pipe with top 4 
inches below surface of ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement 
monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Chase" (S 75° 18' E) o 00 00 % mile. 

Water tower (opposite Naval Academy) 22 36 3 miles. 

Chinmey in center of 3'ellow house 34 30 i mile. 

North chimney of house (south side of Clement 

Creek) .• 68 20 "4 mile. 

Reference station 134 08 30 10. 07 meters. 

Chimney on yellow house 161 ^tA 3"" yards. 

Small locust tree (2''2 inches diameter) 222 15 30 j-ards. 

Windmill (opposite shore) 307 03 yi mile. 

SALT. 

Locality. — Southwest shore vSevern River between Clement and Saltwork creeks and abreast of 
Chase Creek. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is 10 feet back from edge of a bank 10 feet high. A number of small cedar trees 
stand on edge of bank in front of station. Cement monument marking reference station is S.07 
meters west of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in stub in a 4-inch tile pipe with top 2 inches lielow surface of 
ground. Reference .station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Cool" (S 84° 23' E) u 00 ou 34' mile. 

Water tower (opposite Naval Academy) 27 51 2]/^ miles. 

Chimney in center of yellow house 34 45 3^ mile. 

Reference station 142 31 30 8. 07 meters. 

North chimney of red roof house 149 27 80 yards. 



84 Sw-vey of Oyster Bars, Ani/c Arimdcl Coitiity, Md. 

Center of large oak tree (2 f4 feet diameter) . . . 206 22 50 yards. 

Chimney on j-ellow house 223 27 % mile. 

Nail in blaze on twin cedar tree (3 inches 

diameter) 254 40 5. 88 meters. 

Nail in blaze on cedar tree (8 inches diameter) . 32S 44 7. 20 meters. 

South chimneystandingalone (oppositeshore) . 332 35 1 mile. 

LUCE. 

Locality. — Southwest shore of Severn River about 200 yards northwest of entrance to Luce Creek 
and \% miles above Railway Bridge. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on low island at mouth of^aminond Fish Pond and about 2 feet above and iS 
feet back from high-water mark. A number of small trees stand in the immediate vicinity. Cement 
monument marking reference station is 7.32 meters southwest of observed .station. 

Marks. -Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top flush with surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o 1 rr 

"Spring " (S 84° 24' E) o 00 00 J4' mile. 

Chimney on yellow house first hill south 56 34 % mile. 

Twin cedar tree (3 inches diameter) 88 27 15. 75 meters. 

Chimney on small white shanty 93 28 200 yards. 

Reference .station 125 09 40 7. 32 meters. 

Chimney on yellow house 218 26 i mile. 

East chimney on white house (opposite shore) .261 38 3^ mile. 

Chimney on small white house at mouth of Cool 

Spring Creek (opposite shore) 342 11 lA mile. 

Nail in blaze on persimmon tree (5 inches 

diameter ) 355 22 6. 07 meters. 

WEEMS. 

Locality. —Southwest shore of Severn River on first point south of Luce Creek and about % mile 
above the Railwa)- Bridge. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on low sand point covered with myrtle bushes about 2 Ji feet above and 75 feet 
back from high-water mark at end of point. The ground rises abruptly about 150 yards west of 
station. 

Marks.- — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. (Note. — 
This monument replaces tile marking old station. ) 

References. — o , /, 

"Field" (S 47° 40' E) u ou 00 i mile. 

South chimney (red house) 99 08 200 yards. 

Chimnej' in center of white house 142 11 250 yards. 

North chimney of white house (opposite shore) . 232 47 %, mile. 

North chimne}- of yellow house (opposite shore) . 255 41 |^ mile. 

Windmill (opposite shore) 2S0 56 % mile. 

North chimney of yellow house (opposite shore) . 308 28 H mile. 

Water tower (opposite Naval Academy) 350 00 2 miles. 

FIELD. 

Locality. — Southwest shore of Severn River on first point east of Railway Bridge and % mile 
north of County Bridge. (See Chart No. 2.) 

Observed station is on round knob hill about 10 feet above high -water mark and 15 feet west of 
edge of low sand point extending 50 yards to the west. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 85 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. (NOTE. — 
This monument replaces tile marking old station.) 

References. — o / // 

" Weenis" (N 47° 39' W) o 00 00 i mile. 

Center chimney of lead-colored house (oppo- 
site shore) 21 47 34" mile. 

North chimney of yellow house (opposite 

shore) 49 3" % mile. 

Blaze on pine tree (12 inches diameter) 161 26 10. 30 meters. 

Chapel Dome (Naval Academy) 206 15 i mile. 

Hospital cupola 214 10 U mile 

Blaze on poplar tree (12 inches diameter) .... 326 46 7. 18 meters. 

HOSPITAL CUPOLA (NAVAL ACADEMY). 

Locality. — Southwest shore of Severn River on prominent hill. It is a short distance Ijack from 
shore and just south of County Bridge. (vSee Chart No. 2.) 
Martis.— Center point of cupola on new Naval Hospital. 
References. — None necessary. 

FLAGSTAFF (NAVAL ACADEMY BOATHOUSE). 

Locality. — Naval Academy grounds near Santee Wharf. (See Chart No. 2.) 
Ma) lis. — Center of flagstaff on northwest end of boathouse at Naval Academy. 
References .—tHone necessarj'. 

vSTATEHOUSE DOME (ANNAPOLIS). 

Locality. — City of Annapolis. (See Chart No. 2. ) 
Marks. — Center of Statehouse Dome. 
Referetices. — None necessary. 

ST. ANNE'S CHURCH SPIRE (ANNAPOLIS). 

Locality. — City of Annapolis. ( See Chart No. 2. ) 
Marks. — Center of spire on St. Anne's Church. 
References.- None necessary. 

CATHOLIC CHURCH SPIRE (ANNAPOLIS). 

Locality. — City of Annapolis. (See Chart No. 2.) 
Marks. — Center of spire on Catholic Church. 
References. — None necessary. 

ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE CUPOLA (ANNAPOLIS). 

Locality. — City of Annapolis. (See Chart No. 2.) 
Marks. — Center of belfry on St. John's College. 
References. — None necessary. 

HORN (SEVERN RIVER). 

Z.orfl/ziJj'.— Southwest shore of Severn River, on Horn Point, about 34^ mile southeast of wharves in 
Annapolis Harbor and on south side of entrance to Spa Creek. (See Chart No. 2. ) 

Observed station is about 30 yards north of wire fence and 200 yards northwest of white house with 
red tin roof. Cement monument marking reference station is 11.24 meters west of observed station. 



86 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Ar/indel Coitii/y., Aid. 



3faiks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top llvish with ground. Reference 
station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — a , ,/ 

" Greenbury Light-house" (S 74^ 51' K) . . . ■ o 00 ou i mile. 

Chimney on yellow house 86 05 '2 mile. 

Reference; station 134 55 50 n. 24 meters. 

Statehouse Dome 190 51 i mile. 

St. John's College 198 58 i mile. 

Chapel Dome (Naval Academy) 20S 13 ^ mile. 

START. 



/.oivr ///)'. — Southwest shore of Annapolis Roads, about )'■> mile south of Horn Point and i mile we.st 
of Greenbury Light-house. (See Chart No. 2.) • 

Observed station is on wooded shore 15 feet back from edge of a bank 7 feet high. Cement monu- 
ment marking reference station is 8.45 meters we.st of observed station. 

J/«;-X'j'. — Observed station is a nail in a stub set flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Greenbur}' Light" (N 74"^ 50' E) o 

I Tangent to Tolly Point 67 

E.Ktremewest point of roof of Bay Ridge Hotel. 72 
Nail in blaze on oak tree ( 12 inches diameter) . . 144 

Reference station 171 

Nail in blaze on oak tree ( 8 inches diameter) . . 236 
Water tower (opposite Naval .\cademy ) 2S6 



00 00 [ mile. 

00 2 miles. 

20 2 miles. 

41 16. 26 meters. 

22 20 8. 45 metres. 

32 II. 38 meters. 

27 I '4' miles. 



GRAM. 



Locality. — Southwest .shore of .Annapolis Roads near northwest entrance to Cat Hole Creek and 
about 1)2 miles south-.southwest of Greenbury Light. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is 55 feet hack from edge of a bluff 30 feet high. A small rounil knoll is 60 feet 
west and 5 feet higher than station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' '' 

"Greenbury Light" (N 31° 53' H) o 

Nail in blaze on small locust tree (3 inches 

diameter) 97 

North tangent of roof of old Bay Ridge Hotel . 103 
Nail in blaze on locu.st stump (4 inches diam- 
eter ) 312 

Tangent to Horn Point 314 

Water tower (opposite Naval Acadeni}') 322 

South chimney of house on Greenbury Point . . 35 1 



miles. 



34 26. 40 meters. 

18 I mile. 



43 22. 95 meters. 

15 \}i, miles. 

15 2 miles. 

46 2 miles. 



TOLLY. 

Locality. — South side of entrance to .\unapolis Roads about 150 yards northwest of Tolly Point. 
(See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is on low point of land. It is about 1 foot above and 12 feet back from high - 
water mark, and 175 yards northeast of old Bay Ridge Hotel. Cement monument marking reference 
station is lo.Sti meters southwest of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in stub flush with ground. Reference station is center point of 
triangle on standard cement monument. 



Snn'cy of Oyster Bars^ Aniir Aniudcl Coitnty., Md. 

References. — o i /, 

"Greeiibur)' Light" (N. 6° 12' W) o 00 00 1X4' miles. 

Peak of Whitehall house 21 15 4 meters. 

Nail in blaze on holly tree (12 inches diam- 
eter) 205 14 9. 55 meters. 

Re:fkrp;nce station 229 35 30 10. 86 meters. 

Nail in blaze on swamp-oak tree (18 inches 

diameter ) .... 258 12 lo- 97 meters. 

Chapel Dome ( Naval Academy) 331 05 3^^ miles. 

Water towgr (opposite Naval Acadeaiy) 346 13 3J4 miles. 

BAY RIDGE vSTACK. 

Locality.— T&ay Ridge Resort on Tolly Point. (See Chart No. 3.) 
yl/(7;"/'.?. — Center of highest part of brick smokestack. 
References. — None necessary. 

CRANEY. 



87 



Locality. — Eastern shore of bay on west side of Kent Lsland, about 'j mile north of Cranev Creek 
au<l 4J4 miles east of Tolly Point. (See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is 3 feet above and 30 feet back from liigh-water mark, on a low sandy cultivated 
field. A group of farm buildings stand about % mile away. Cement monument marking reference 
station is 4. 88 meters east-northeast of ob.served station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden .stub projecting 3 inches above the .s^'round. Refer- 
ence station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References." o 1 n 

"Thomas Point Light" (S .56° 45' W) o ou 

Greenbury Light 57 27 

Sandy Point Light in 26 

RKKEREnce st.\Tion 208 5 1 

Cupola on barn 258 1 1 

Extreme south tangent to Kent Lsland 310 52 



00 434; miles. 

30 5 '4' miles. 

30 $ii miles. 

10 4. 88 meters. 

]i mile. 

6 miles. 



COTTAGE. 



'Arundel on the Bav about 2 mil 



Locality. — West .shore of bay near group of cottages calle 
northwest of Thomas Point Light. (See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is 12 feet back from edge of a bank 18 feet high. It is about 25 yards north of 
steamboat wharf and 3 yards east of east edge of a foot-board walk 36 paces .southeast of Concord 
Cottage. Cement monument marking reference station is 13.70 meters west of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a stub set flush with grouncL Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o , /r 

"Thomas Point Light" ( S 41° 12' E) o 

Tangent to Thomas Point 15 

Green ball on north end of playhouse 26 

Flag pole on pavilion 61 

Reference station 114 

Nail in blaze on oak tree ( 12 inches diameter) . 115 
Peak of circular red roof bath house in water . 21 1 

Stack at Bay Ridge 236 

North flag pole on wharf 305 



57 



00 2 miles. 

I nule. 

So yards. 

H) 13. 70 meters. 

15-50 meters. 

300 yards. 

I ':v miles. 

75 yards. 



88 Stirvey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

THOMAS. 

Locality.— VJest shore of bay on a small island known as Thomas Point. It is on the north side 
of entrance to South River and about i J( miles northwest of Thomas Point Light. (vSeeChart No. 3.) 
Observed station is 30 feet back from top of bank and about 100 feet we.st of extreme east end of 
point. Cement monument marking reference station is 7.66 meters north of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in stub set flush with ground. Reference station is center point 
of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References.— o / // 

"Thomas Point Light" (S 56° 08' E) o 00 00 ij^f miles. 

White house on Curtis Point 87 43 4>^ miles. 

Peak of white house 1S2 06 3^ mile. 

Flag pole on wharf house 115 45 iK miles. 

Reference station 218 43 20 7. 66 meters. 

Nail in blaze on ash tree ( 15 inches diameter) . 284 59 13. 31 meters. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (5 inches diameter). 353 34 9. 64 meters. 

THOMAS POINT LIGHT. 

Locality. — Off entrance to South River and about i '4 miles southeast of Thomas Point. (See 
Chart No. 3. ) 

Marks. — Center of black lantern on white liexagonal screw pile structure known as Thomas Point 
Light-House. 

References. — ° ' 

"Thomas" (N 56 07 W ) i '4^ miles. 

arundp;l. 

Locality. — North side of entrance to South River on narrow neck of land between Fishing Creek 
and South River. (See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is about 5 feet above and 75 feet back from high-water mark in Fishing Creek. 
A sand road is 25 feet west of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 4.07 meters 
northeast of observed .station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of a 4-inch tile pipe with top i foot below the surface of 
ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — 0,1, 

"Selby" (S8i° 28' W) o 00 00 I, "4: miles. 

South peak of white house (opposite shore) i 55 2|^ miles. 

Tangent to Point 34 50 i]/, miles. 

Reference station 144 u 40 4. 07 meters. 

Nail in blaze on twin locust tree (6 inches diam- 
eter ) 145 25 7. 22 meters. 

South peak of long barn across Fishing Creek. . 154 49 }i mile. 

Nail in apple tree ( 15 inches diameter) 234 30 8.77 meters. 

Chimney on red roof cottage 25 1 11 300 yards. 

HILL. 

Locality. — Northeast shore of South River on Hills Point anil on we.st .side of entrance to Duvalls 
Creek. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is 50 feet back from the extreme .south end of Hills Point and 35 feet above high- 
water mark. Cement mommient marking reference station is S.07 meters northea.st of observed 
station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub projecting 3 inches above ground. Reference 
station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel Coimty^ Md. 



References. — ° 

"Selby"{S 17° 28' E) o 

Chimney on house (opposite shore) 63 

South chimney on almshouse 136 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (4 inches diameter) . 213 

Water tower at South River Club 233 

Reference station 235 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (6 inches diameter) . 257 

North peak of barn 249 

SWITCH. 



00 00 I mile. 

01 1Y2, miles. 

51 z%, miles. 

33 5-42 meters. 

28 }i mile. 

22 50 8. 07 meters. 

59 4. 67 meters. 

24 ;< mile. 



Locality. — Northeast shore of South River on point on southwest side of entrance to Aberdeen 
Creek. (See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is on the south side of a low sand point and at high-water mark. A number 
of cedar trees stand in the immediate vicinity. Cement monument marking reference station is 8.41 
meters north of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe veith top 2 inches below surface of 
ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Hill" (S 56° 19' E) o 

Chimney on house ( opposite shore ) 42 

East chimney of house (opposite shore) 161 

South chimney on almshouse 172 

Reference station 206 

Nail in blaze on cedar tree (7 inthes diameter) 213 
Nail in blaze on leaning cedar tree 242 



Q I mile. 

I mile. 

I mile. 

\% miles. 

o 8. 41 meters. 

36 3-58 meters. 

07 12. 76 meters. 



WAGGAMAN. 

Locality. — Northeast shore of South River on first point to south of entrance to Cross Creek and 
about 90 meters north of Ferry Point and Waggaman wharf house. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is on top of a bluff 25 feet high and 15 feet back from the edge. Waggaman's 
dwelling is about lou yards east of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 2.57 
meters east of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub set flush with ground, 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Almshouse" (S 37° 10' W ) o 00 00 

North chimne)' of almshouse 10 21 

Cupola on barn (opposite shore) 39 18 

North peak of Lee wharf house 59 lo 

Nail in blaze on pine tree (4 inches diameter) . 198 56 4. 70 meters. 

Reference station 223 30 50 2. 57 meters. 

Waggaman's windmill 233 03 100 yards. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (8 inches diameter) . 257 50 9. 41 meters. 

Flag pole on Waggaman's house 302 33 100 yards. 

WAGGAMAN WINDMILL. 

Locality. — Northeast shore of South River on Kerry Point. 
A/ar^i. —Observed station is center of Waggaman's windmill. 
References. — None necessary. 
330—07 II 



Reference station is 



Yi mile. 
Yz mile. 
Yz mile. ■ 
r mile. 



90 



Survey of Oyster Bais, Anne Arundel Coimty^ Md. 



GINGER. 

Locality. — Northeast shore of South River, on prominent point on north side of Church Creek, 
about ''2 mile east of South River Bridge. ( See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is 17 feet back from edge of a bhiff 35 feet liigh. A number of trees stand in the 
immediate vicinity. Cement monument marking reference .station is 7.81 meters north of observed 
station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top 2 inches below surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cemeijt mon\nnent. 
References. — or/, 

" Larramore " (N 86° 25' W) o 

Nail in blaze on oak tree ( 18 inches diameter) . 19 

Peak of Edgewater post-office 21 

Nail in blaze on mulberry tree (2 inches diam- 
eter) 45 

Reference station 97 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (8 inches diam- 
eter) 187 

Waggaman's windmill 197 

North chimne}' of almshouse 239 

Cupola on barn 272 

Peak of wharf house 335 



00 00 I mile. 

36 9. 05 meters. 



28 



]A mile. 

12. 27 meters. 
7. 81 meters. 

5. 92 meters. 
34; mile. 
%■ .mile. 
Yz mile. 
Yz mile. 



XIMO. 



Locality. — Upper end of South River, near north entrance to South River Bridge crossing river at 
Edgewater. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is about 10 feet from high-water mark on sand beach near east edge of South 
River Road. It is on line with east guard rail of bridge and 18 feet distant from end of rail. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Refereyices. — o / // 

" Larramore" (S 83° 21' W) o 00 00 ^ mile. 

East peak of roof of Edgewater post-office 1 19 45 75 yards. 

North chimney of almshouse 234 48 i mile. 

North peak of wharf house 294 51 % mile. 

East chimney of white house (opposite shore) .... 315 59 3^ mile. 

YAZOO. 

Locality. — North shore of upper South River abovit % mile aliove South River Bridge. (See 
Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is on low marsh point about 1 foot above and 8 feet back from high-water mark. 
A lone tree stands west of station on opposite shore. Cement monument marking reference station is 
9.96 meters northwest of obser\'ed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in pine .stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° r " 

"Larramore" (S 26° 29' W) o 

Lone cedar tree on opposite shore 5 

North peak of wharf house 47 

Reference .station 109 

Nail in blaze on twin oak tree (5 inches di- 
ameter) 134 51 5. 27 meters. 

Nail in blaze on red-oak tree (5 inches di- 
ameter) 160 44 1 1. 37 meters. 

North chimney of almshouse 286 16 \yi miles. 

North peak of Lee's wharf house 303 32 ^ mile. 



GO Y, mile. 

Y mile. 

I mile. 

40 9. 96 meters. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne ArundeJ Coun/y, Md. 91 

TAYLOR. 

Locality. — North shore of upper South River about ^X mile above County bridge and opposite the 
entrance to Beards Creek. ( See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is 17 paces back from the extreme south end of a low sand point. It i.s i foot 
al)ove and 8 feet back from high-water mark. Several small persinmion trees stand near station. 
Cement monument marking reference .station is 4.22 meters west of observed station. 

J/arks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub set flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. ' 

/References. — o / // 

"Larramore" (S 57° 15' E) o 00 00 }( mile. 

West chimney of white house (opposite .shore) . 11 04 ^ mile. 

Northchimney of yellow house (opposite shore) 132 09 J^ mile. 

Reference station 139 56 50 4.22 meters. 

Nail in persimmon tree (4 inches diameter) .... *C42 15 5. 11 meters. 

Nail in cedar tree (15 inches diameter) 24S 31 45 yards. 

Red post on porch at Edgewater po.st-office .... 332 44 i mile. 

Lone cedar tree oppo.site shore 352 54 300 yards. 

LARRAMORE. 

Localily. — South shore of upper South River near mouth of Beard Creek and about ^4 niile north- 
east of Count}' Bridge. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is 2 feet above and 18 feet back from high -water mark. .\ lone cedar tree .stands 
near the shore about 75 yards back from station. Cement monument marking reference station is 7.96 
meters southwest of station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden stub set in a 4-inch tile pipe with top 3 inches 
below ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Taylor " (N 57° 14' W) o 00 00 ),( mile. 

Nail in blaze on leaning mulberry tree (18 

inches diameter) 17.85 meters. 

Lone cedar tree 52 28 75 yards. 

West chimney of hon,se at Edgewater post- 

ofEce 136 02 y^ mile. 

South peak of Lee's wharf house 175 39 % mile. 

East chimney of white house (first hill south) . 200 35 % m\\e. 

Reference st.^tion 271 29 7.96 meters. 

BREWER (SOUTH RIVER). 

Localily. -Southwest shore of South River on point on northwest side of mouth of Almshouse 
Creek about % mile northwest b}- north of County alm.shouse and '2 mile west by south of Ferry 
Point. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Ob.served station is i foot above and 10 feet from high-water mark. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 7.67 meters southwest of observed station. 

Marks. — Ob.served station is a nail in a pine stub set flu.sh with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

" Ginger" (N 22° oc/ W) o 00 00 y'z mile. 

Peak of yellow house (opposite shore) 63 04 Ij4 miles. 

Waggaman windmill 100 05 ^ mile. 

Flag pole on Waggaman Club house 105 15 5/ mile. 

North chimney on almshouse 165 57 % mile. 

Nail in blaze on leaning red oak tree (12 inches 

diameter) 222 55 6.61 meters. 

Reference st.\Tion 257 01 (jo 7.67 meters. 

Nail in blaze on white oak tree (3 inches 'diam- 
eter) 294 44 9. 1 1 meters. 



92 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ A?inc Arundel County, Md. 



ALMSHOUSE. 



Zoca/iVj'.— Southwest shore of South River about halfway between Glebe and Almshouse creeks 
and about 200 yards east of County Almshouse. ( See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is on a low sod point about 6 inches above high-water mark. A group of locust 
trees stands just southwest of station and an old white house stands on a hill about 100 yards south- 
west. Cement monument marking reference station is 9.-87 meters southwest of station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe set flush with surface of ground. Refer- 
ence station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Re/eretices. — ° 

" Waggaman" (N 37° 10' E) o 

Waggaman's windmill 5 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (5 inches diameter) 160 

REFERENCE STATION 171 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (5 inches diameter) 196 

North chimney of almshouse 245 

Peak of Edgewater post-office 279 



00 00 yi mile. 

08 % mile. 

15 9- 76 meters. 

06 00 9. 875 meters. 

08 7. 84 meters. 

17 200 yards. 

57 lyi miles. 



ALMSHOUSE (LIGHTNING ROD). 

Locality.— ^outhwe&i shore of South River between Glebe and Almshouse creeks near County 
almshouse. (See Chart No. 3.) 

3farks. — Lightning rod on south chimney of almshouse. 
References. — None necessary. 

CEDAR (SOUTH RIVER). 

Locality. — Southwest shore of South River on point between Glebe and Lonehouse creeks. (See 
Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is on low sand point about i foot above and 6 feet back from high-water mark. 
A number of small cedar trees stand southwest of station. Cement monument marking reference sta- 
tion is 5.61 meters south of observed station. 

Marias. — Observed station is a nail in a stub set flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° 

"Switch" (N 89° 57' E) o 

Reference station 122 

Nail in blaze on twin cedar tree (4 inches diam- 
eter) 133 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (4 inches diameter) . 213 

South chimney on almshouse 223 

Flagstaff on Waggaman Clubhouse 253 

Waggaman windmill 256 



14 



00 }i mile. 

10 5. 61 meters. 



24 5. 69 meters. 

29 5-11 meters. 

o5 I mile. 

54 I mile. 

43 I mile. 



North chimney on brown house (opposite shore) 314 33 34^ mile. 

MAYO. 

Z,0(:a/zVj)'.— Southwest shore of South River on Mayo Point. (vSee Chart No. 3.) 
Observed station is about 5 feet above and 40 feet back from high-water mark. A low holly bush 
stands 25 feet northeast and a low sand knoll 10 feet north of station. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 5.95 meters southwest of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a wooden .stub set flush with ground. Reference station is 
center point of triangle on standard cement monmnent. 

References. — ° 

"Selby " (S 45° 44' E) o 

Reference station 87 

Nail in blaze on red oak tree ( 12 inches diameter) loS 
Nail in blaze on cedar tree (8 inches diameter) . 140 
South chimney on almshouse 177 



00 00 I mile. 

58 10 5. 95 meters. 

35 6.07 meters. 

33 9- 30 meters. 

27 2% miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel Counfv, Md. 



93 



North chimney on Waggaman liouse 192 

South chimney on red roof house(oppositeshore) 223 

Green water tower (South River Club) 270 

North peak of old barn 281 

sp;lby. 



54 ... . . 2>4' miles. 

53 H mile. 

50 I 1-2 miles. 

00 1 milt. 



Locality. — Southwest shore of South River on Turkey Point. (See Chart No. 3.) 
Observed station is 6 feet above high-water mark and about 250 yards .south of the extreme north 
end of Turkey Point. A lone locust tree stands about 12 yards south of station. Cement monument 
marking reference station is 7. Si meters .southwest of ob.served station. 

Marks. — Ob.served .station is center point of a pine stub set flush with ground. Reference station 
is center point of triangle on standard cement monumenl, 

Refcreitces. — o / // 

"Arundel" (N Si° 27' K; o 

Locu.st stump ( I Yz feet high ) 7 

Thomis Point Light 20 

Nail in blaze on locust tree ( 1 2 inches diameter ) 11.^ 

Reference station i;,7 

Water tower (South River Clubj 276 

Peak of red roof house (opposite shore) 27S 

Peak of white house (opposite shore) 307 



00 00 I J4 miles. 

30 1 1. 30 meters. 



3S 



3 miles. 

[o. 63 meters. 

7. Si meters. 

2 miles. 

I Yz miles. 

lY miles. 



GOWAN. 



Locality. — Western shore of bay on Saunders Point between entrances to South River and West 
River. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is 21 feet back from edge of bluff 25 feet high. Two blazed cedar trees stand 
about 12 yards south of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 11.320 meters west 
of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub set flush with ground. Reference station iS; 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

" Thomas Point Light" (N 74'^ 06' E) o 00 00 3 miles. 

Nail in blaze on cedar tree ( 10 inches diameter) 102 41 13. 02 meters. 

Nail in blaze on cedar tree ( 12 inches diameter) 129 43 9. 44 meters. 

Peak of white house 171 oS Y mile. 

REFERENCE STATION 180 13 50 II. 32 meters. 

South chimney of house 240 12 100 yards. 

DUTCHMAN. 

Locality. — North side of entrance to West River on Dutchman Point between shore of bay and 
Rhode River. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is on top of a bank 12 feet high and is 10 feet back from the edge. A small lone 
locust tree stands about 11 yards northwest of station. Cement monument marking reference station 
is 10.61 meters north of observed .station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a tile pipe with top 6 inches below surface of ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Curtis" (S29°37'E) o 

Peak of wharf house at Nowell Pier 21 

Chimney on small white house 85 

Cupola on large building 137 

Nail in blaze on locust tree ( 2 inches diameter) . 155 

Chimney on red-roof house 1S4 

Reference station 189 



00 00 lY miles. 

34 I mile. 

17 J^ mile. 

22 I mile. 

03 10.25 nieters. 

22 Y Hiile. 

50 30 11.61 meters. 



94 Survey of Oysler Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

CATO. 

Locality. —'^oxXh shore of West River on point at east side of entrance to Rhode River. (See 
Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is the extreme we.st end of a low sand point and is awash at high tide. A bank 
12 feet high is 75 yards east of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 20.01 meters 
east-southeast of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is an auger hole in a pine stub projecting 2 inches above the ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Curtis" (S 35° 25' E) o 00 

Peak of wharf house (Nowell Pier) 20 41 

Chimney on white house (opposite shore). .. . 83 00 

Cupola on large building 145 34 

South peak of packing house . ! 161 31 

Peak of Carr's wharf house 189 57 

Chimney on red-roof hou.se 213 50 

Reference station 310 52 

DELTA. 



00 \]^ miles. 

I mile. 

Yi mile. 

I mile. 

........ I mile. 

iX miles. 

% mile. 

20 20.01 meters. 



Locatilv. — East .shore of Rhode River on point south of entrance to Cadle Creek, about '2 mile 
north of mouth of Rhode River. (See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is in a cultivated field about 300 yards southeast of Stiner's hou.se and 15 yards 
back from edge of a bluff 12 feet high. Cement monument marking reference .station is 4.32 meters 
northeast of observed station. 

Rfarks. — Observed .station is an auger hole in a pine stub. Reference station is center point of 
triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° 

" Rhode " (S 26° 42' W) o 

Cupola on large building (opposite shore) .... 55 
South peak of old packing house (opposite 

shore ) 69 

Southeast corner of Carr's wharf house 124 

Chimney on yellow hou.se. . ; 149 

Reference station 193 

Chimney on red-roof house 280 50 300 yards. 

Nail in blaze on small locust tree (3 inches 
diameter) 354 



\ 



y^ mile. 
% mile. 

]{ mile. 

^4 mile. 

% mile. 

4. 32 meters. 



41 



17. 19 meters. 



ETNA. 



Locality. — East .shore of Rhode River, about 400 yards north of mouth to Cadle Creek. (See 
Chart No. 3.) 

Observed .station is 6 feet back from edge of a bank 12 feet high and is in front of the second 
house north of Cadle Creek, which stands about 25 yards northeast' of station. Cement monument 
marking reference station is 5.40 meters northeast of ob,served station. 

Marks. — Observed .station is an auger hole in a pine .stub projecting 3 feet above the ground. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o r ir 

"Turf" (S69° 27'W) , o 

North peak of Murray's wharf house 14 

West chimney of house 40 

Southwest corner of Carr's wharf houSe 72 

South chimney on red-roof house S3 

Northwest corner of picket fence 9S 

Reference station 152 

Southwest corner of picket fence 1 73 



mile, 
mile, 
miles, 
mile, 
mile. 



53 •-■ 17-45 meters. 

17 20 5- 40 meters. 

00 II. 85 meters. 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 95 

CALF. 

Locality. — Northern shore of upper Rhode River between Whitemarsh and Waters creeks about 
% mile west by north of Carr's wharf. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is 25 feet back from edge of a bank 15 feet high. It is abreast oi High Island 
and about 300 yards northwest of the extreme southeast end of a point of land between Whitemarsh 
and Waters creeks. Cement monument marking reference station is 4.96 meters northeast of observed 
station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of a triangle on standard cement nionimient. 

Reft're7ices. — o / r/ 

"Turf" (S 30° 10' E) o 00 00 y^ mile. 

Cupola on large house (opposite shore) 55 07 ^ mile. 

Chimney on small white house (opposite shore) . 115 05 ^ njile. 

We.st chimne)' on red-roof hou.se (first hill 

north ) 129 25 I mile. 

Nail in blaze on pine tree (4 inches diameter) . . 201 48 5.17 meters. 

Reference st,\tion 242 17 20 4.96 meters. 

Southwest corner of Carr's wharf 307 46 300 yards. 

Nail in blaze on small white oak tree (2 inches 

diameter) 327 30 00 9.15 meters. 

TURF. 

Locality. — West shore of Rhode River on point at right-angle bend in river and 'i mile south of 
Carr's wharf. (See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is on a low marshy point just above high-water mark. A large frame tobacco 
barn stands about ]i mile southwest of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 4.83 
meters west of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub. Reference station is center point of triangle 
on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

" Etna " (N 69° 27' R) o 00 00 , )^ mile. 

Chimney on white house (opposite .shore) .... 25 47 )A mile. 

Chimne)' on red-roof house 58 29 i mile. 

Southeast corner of old barn 149 04 % mile. 

Cupola on large building 157 36 % mile. 

Refpcrence .station 179 49 00 4.S3 meters. 

CUPOLA. 

Locality. — On west side of Rhode River about % mile above its mouth and % mile back from 
shore. (See Chart No. 3. ) 

Marks. — Center of spindle on belfry cupola on dark colored frame barn. Bell in cupola under 
spindle. 

References. — None necessary. 

RHODE. 

Locality. — West shore of Rhode River on point about ^ mile north of its mouth. (See Chart 
No. 3.) 

Observed station is on a low sand point just above high-water mark and about 60 feet west of the 
extreme east end of point. Cement monument marking reference station is 7.39 meters west of 
observed station. 

Marks. — Observed .station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 



g6 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Aru7idel County, Md. 

References. — o / ,/ 

" Delta " (N 26° 4c/ E) o 00 00 % mile. 

Chimney on red-roof house 31 14 ^ mile. 

West chimney on red-roof house 146 oS 1% miles. 

Nail in blaze on twin locust tree (4 inches di- 
ameter) 181 59 27. 57 meters. 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (5 inches diameter) 20S 14 24. 25 meters. 

Reference station 216 02 20 7. 39 meters. 

Cupola on large building 261 38 yi mile. 

CHES. 

Locality. — North shore of West River on point at west side entrance to Rhode River and aboxit 
300 yards east of entrance to Chestons Creek. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is 21 feet back from the edge of a bank 15 feet high. A twin locust stump 
stands about 2 yards southeast of station. Cement monument marking reference station is S.71 
meters northwest of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — a / r, 

" Dutchman " (N 49° 52' E) o 00 00 3^' mile. 

Chimney on small house (opposite shore) .... loi 19 i mile. 

West chimney on red-roof house (opposite 

shore) 115 41 i mile. 

East chimney on white house (opposite shore) . 157 13 i mile. 

Chimney on small house 219 35 200 yards. 

Reference station 253 53 30 8. 71 meters. 

ALPHA. 

Locality. — North shore of West River between Scaffold and Chestons creeks and about }4 mile 
north of Cedar Point. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is about 10 feet above and 5 feet back from high-water mark. It is about loo 
3'ards east of .Scaffold Creek and 200 yards west of a small white shanty. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 8.26 meters north of observed station. 

Mar/is. — Observed station is an auger hole in a hickory stump. Reference station is center point 
of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

" Cove " (S 1° 21' E) o 00 00 '}{ mile. 

Tangent to Counallor Point 20 57 i mile. 

Peak of white house 68 17 % mile. 

Nail in blaze on hickory tree (7 inches diam- 
eter) 135 00 1 1- 33 meters. 

\ Nail in blaze on black oak tree (7 inches 

diameter) 163 46 9-74 meters. 

Reference station 167 01 00 8. 26 meters. 

Nail in blaze on black oak 230 15 7. 58 meters. 

West chimney on house (opposite shore) .... 354 54 i mile. 

SHELL. 

Locality. — West shore of Upper West River about 300 yards north of entrance to Cox Creek and 
yi mile west of Cedar Point. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is on an oyster shell bank about 8 feet above and 3 feet back from high-water 
mark. Cement monument marking reference station is 11. 21 meters northwest of observed station. 



Sjirvey of Oyster Bars, Attiic Arundel County, Md. 



97 



07 10.34 meters. 

02 10 1 1 . 2 1 meters. 

52 10.60 meters. 

07 1% miles. 



Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub projecting iS inches above ground. Reference 
station is center point of triangle on .standard cement monument. 

References. — '° ' " 

" Cove" (S S8° 05' E) o 00 00 yi, mile. 

Chimney on small white house (opposite shore) 11 30 ^ mile. 

North chimney on red-roof house (opposite 

shore) 41 30 ^^ mile. 

West chimney on house belonging to Mr. Lerch 

(oppo.site shore) 68 24 i mile. 

Nail in blaze on gum tree (2 feet diameter) . . . 120 

Reference st.\tion 200 

Nail in blaze on cedar tree (5 inches diameter) 213 

Southwest corner of white shanty 298 

COUNALLOR. 

Locality. — West shore of upper West River about 250 yards north of steamboat wharf at Galesville 
and on south side of entrance to Cox Creek. (See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is about 22 feet back from edge of a bluff 12 feet high. An old dead stump 
stands about 6 feet to the south of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 10.93 
meters west of ob.served station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Apple " (S 53° 50' E) o 

Lerch's windmill 10 

East chimney on Mr. Hyde's house 50 

Chimne}' on Chalk Point wharf house 72 

Chimney on Galesville wharf 80 

East peak on Wayson's store 112 28 250 yards. 

Reference STATION 159 27 55 10.93 meters. 

Cedar tree 207 40 18.25 meters. 



}^ mile. 

yi mile. 

^ mile. 

21 ^ mile, 

20 250 yards. 



15 



CHALK. 



mile southeast of Galesville 



Locality. — Upper West River on west side of Chalk Point about 
and 200 yards east of Chalk Point steamboat wharf. (See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is aljout 4 feet above and 27 feet back from high-water mark. It is about S yards 
west of a blazed locust tree standing on edge of bank. Cement monument marking reference station 
is 8.15 meters west of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a uail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o , // 

"Apple" (N49° 35' E) o 

Lerch's windmill 25 

Nail in blaze on twin locust tree 49 

Chimney on yellow house (opposite shore) .... 67 

East chimney on Mr. Hyde's house 124 

Reference st.\tion 201 

Chimney on small yellow house 216 

Chimney on Galesville wharf house 2S4 



48 



% mile. 

Yz mile. 

7. 32 meters. 

II % mile. 

35 % mile. 

59 35 8. 15 meters. 

43 loo yards. 

27 300 yards. 



Locality. — Upper West River about 
near house of Mr. Lerch. 

Marks. — Center of shaft at highest point of windmill. 
References. — None necessary. 
330—07 12 



LERCH WINDMILL. 

mile east of Chalk Point and 3,4 mile southeast of Galesville 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 



oo 
45 
oo 


00 . . . 




% mile. 
\i mile. 
>i mile. 


36 






Yz mile. 


27 






K mile. 


38 






J^ mile. 


02 




... 7 


22 meters 


25 


30 ... 


7 


17 meters 


01 




. . . II 


40 meters 



APPLE. 

Locality. — East shore of Upper West River, abreast of Galesville, and about 31" mile south by 
west of Cedar Point. (See Chart No. 3. ) 

Observed station is 28 feet back from edge of bank, 8 feet high. It is about 45 yards east of the 
southwest corner of V. Hartge's house. Cement monument marking reference station is 7.17 meters 
east of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

Refe7-e}ices. — o / // 

"Chalk" (S49°35'W) o 

Chimney on Chalk Point wharf house 16 

Chimney on Galesville wharf house 40 

East peak of Wayson's store 41 

Chimney on store 64 

Southwest corner of Hartge wharf house 154 

Apple tree ( 6 inches diameter) 203 

Reference station 236 

Twin apple tree 294 

COVE. 

Locality. — South shore of West River, about ^' mile northeast of Galesville, un Cedar Point. 
(See Chart No. 3.) 

Observed station is on a low narrow neck of land, about 125 yards from its extreme south end. 
It is about 6 inches above high-water mark and 5 yards west of a blazed cedar stump. Cement monu- 
ment marking reference station is 5.41 meters northeast of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Counallor" (S 47° 00' W) o 00 00 }{. mile. 

Southwest corner of small shanty (opposite 

shore) 137 40 3^ mile. 

Chimney on white house (opposite shore). .. . 156 41 i mile. 

Reference station 171 09 30 5. 41 meters. 

Nail in blaze on cedar stump (15 inches 

diameter) 196 03 4. 60 meters. 

Northwest corner of Hartge wharf house 316 46 350 yards. 

Lerch's windmill 31S 26 I mile. 

CURTIS. 

Locality. — South .side of entrance to West River on west side of Curtis Point. (See Chart No. 3.) 
Observed station is about 10 feet above and 6 feet back from edge of bank. It is north of 
entrance to Parish Creek and about 250 yards northwest of a house standing back in the woods. A 
line of sight was cut through woods in order to see Bloody Point Bar Light. Cement monument mark- 
ing reference station is about 10.82 meters southeast of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — / / // 

' ' Dutchman " ( N 29° 36' W ) o 00 

Peak of white house (opposite shore) 25 43 

Nail in blaze on gum tree (4 inches diameter). 148 05 

Reference station 156 04 

Nail in blaze on locust tree (5 inches diameter) 197 56 

South pe4k of wharf house 273 32 

East chimney of yellow house 281 50 



00 i}l miles. 

2 miles. 

'3-63 meters. 

20 10. 82 meters. 

15-65 meters. 

}i mile. 

V mile. 



oo 


00 . . . 


1%. miles. 


58 




yi mile. 


53 




300 yards. 


30 


50 ... 


. . . II. 24 meters. 


05 




300 yards. 


54 




350 yards. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 99 

HORSESHOE. 

Locality. — On .shore of bay about % mile south of eastern edge of Horseshoe Point. (See Chart 
No. 3.) 

Observed station is on low marshy point nearly awash at high tide. It is about 300 yards east of 
a yellow house with three lightning rods. This house is surrounded b}' cedar trees. Cement monu- 
ment marking reference station is 11.24 meters northwest of observed station. 

iMarks. — Observed station is a nail in a .stub set in center of a tile pipe projecting 2 inches above 
ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / /, 

"Franklin" (S 15° 16' W) o 

South chimney on white house 35 

Chimney on yellow house 56 

REFERENCE STATION 91 

Chimney on small house 1 24 

West chimney of house 131 

BLOODY POINT BAR LIGHT. 

Locality.— O^ eastern shore of bay, about i^ miles due west of the southernmost point of Kent 
Island and about % mile west-southwest from mouth of Bloody Point Creek. (See Chart No. 3.) 

y)/(?r^5.— Center point of black lantern on brown caisson structure known as Bloody Point Bar 
Light. 

References. — 

"Horseshoe" (N 87° 45' W) 5^ miles. 

FRANKLIN. 

Locality. — Weslem shore of bay on Franklin Point, about halfway between West River and Her- 
ring Bay. (See Chart No. 4.) 

Observed station is on low point, covered with tufts of marsh grass, situated between the marsh 
and shore. It is just above high-water mark and about 80 yards in front of the northeast point of a 
round grove of small oak trees. Cement monument marking reference station is 6.36 meters north- 
west of observed station. 

7I/arX-.y. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center of 
triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. ~ or// 

"Horseshoe" (N 15° 15' E) o 00 00 i^ miles. 

Black oak tree at southeast point of round 

grove of trees (12 inches diameter) 217 50 100 yards. 

White oak tree abreast of station (2 feet di- 
ameter) 248 55 80 yards. 

Reference station 274 47 40 6. 36 meters. 

Peak of small white shanty 342 09 H" mile. 

South peak of yellow house back of Horseshoe 

Point 353 22 \% miles. 

NUT. 

Locality.— ^Wesiern shore of bay, about 1^ miles northeast of mouth of Broadwater Creek. (See 
Chart No. 4. ) 

Observed station is on low marshy point, about 50 feet west of its extreme eastern end. A large 
brick house stands on edge of woods, about % mile northwest of station. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 13.40 meters northwest of observed station. 



loo Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush witb ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References.- — o / // 

"Franklin" (N 33° 37' E) o 00 00 i^ miles. 

Peak of white barn on south side Broadwater 

Creek 200 58 i >< miles. 

Reference station 260 28 10 13. 4° meters. 

North chimney of brick house 273 46 % mile. 

East peak of old barn 330 41 ^ mile. 

East tangent to grove on Franklin Point 359 00 \% miles. 

BROAD. 

Locality. — Western shore of bay, on south side of entrance to Broadwater Creek, on the extreme 
north end of a narrow neck of land between the creek and the bay. (See Chart No. 4.) 

Observed station is about 25 feet back from edge of bank 4 feet high. A number of cedar trees 
stand 20 yards northwest of station. Cement monument marking reference station is 13.29 meters 
northwest of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Nut" (N 43° 14' E) o 00 00 I mile. 

North chimney on house across Broadwater 

Creek 201 21 ^ mile. 

Chimney on house (opposite shore) 260 24 300 yards. 

Nail in blaze on cedar tree 21.10 meters. 

Reference station 264 42 20 13-29 meters. 

Nail in blaze on cedar tree on edge of bank 

(12 inches diameter) 289 07 30- 25 meters. 

Eastchimneyof brownhouse(oppositeshore). 295 19 >^ mile. 

PARKER. 

Locality. — Western shore of bay, on north side of entrance to Herring Bay. (See Chart No. 4.) 
Observed station is on a small detached sand island south of Parker Island, about 25 yards from 
the extreme south end and just above high-water mark. Cement monument marking reference 
station is 5.57 meters north of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

" Fairhaven " (S 47° 11' W) o 00 00 2 miles. 

Chimney on white house 29 03 i mile. 

Chimney on small house 63 42 ^ mile. 

West chimney on small white house 85 21 ^ mile. 

West chimney on red-roof house 96 43 ^ mile. 

East chimney on red-roof house 115 04 % mile. 

Reference station 132 30 10 5. 57 meters. 

HOPKINS. 

Locality. — North side of Herring Bay, on east side of entrance to Herring Creek and about i %. 
miles north by west of Fairhaven Wharf. (See Chart No. 4.) 

Observed station is 2 feet above and 15 feet back from high-water mark, and is nearly on line 
with south face of house standing just east of station. Cement moniiment marking reference station 
is 5. 15 meters northwest of observed station. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel County, Md. 



25 



Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a stub flush with ground 
of triangle on standard cement monument. 

Heferences. — o / 

" Fairhaveu " (S 27° 28' W) o 00 

Chimney on small house (opposite shore) .... 16 
South chimney on white house (opposite 

shore) 93 

South chimney on yellow house (opposite 

shore) 102 

Reference station 105 

West chimney on small white house 124 

Northwest corner of house 172 

Southwest corner of house 192 

FAIRHAVEN. 



Reference station is center point 



1% miles. 
% mile. 



mile. 



44 



y{ mile. 

35 5-15 meters. 

37 150 yards. 

19 16. 39 meters. 

II '5-17 meters. 



Locality. — Western shore of Herring Bay on prominent bold hill about '4 mile back from shore 
and j{ mile west by north of Fairhaven wharf. ( See Chart No. 4. ) 

Observed station is about 25 yards south of a lone chestnut tree 3 feet in diameter and about 100 
yards north of highway to Friendship. Cement monument marking reference station is 6.08 meters 
north of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is the center of a 4-inch tile pipe with top 8 inches below the surface. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Hopkins" (N 27° 28' E) o 00 

Cupola on old Fairhaven Hotel 45 44 

East chimney on yellow house 51 06 

West peak of Fairhaven wharf house 98 49 

Chimney on small house close to shore 113 25 

Post of rail fence 241 05 14-53 meters. 

Nail in blaze on lone chestnut tree (3 feet 

diameter) 346 

Reference station 351 



00 \% miles. 

Yz mile. 

Yi mile. 

I mile. 

Yz mile. 



37 25 . 78 meters. 

49 50 6. oS meters. 



HOLLAND. 



Locality. — Western shore of bay on south side of entrance to Herring Bay about 30 yards west of 
Holland Point. (See Chart No. 4.) 

Observed station is 5 feet back from top of a bank 7 feet high, 
south and west of station at distance 12 and 25 yards respectively, 
reference station is 12. 88 meters southwest of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub flush with ground, 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' 

" Fairhaven " (N 48° 13' W) o 00 

Nail in blaze on red oak tree {lYz feet 

diameter) 238 49 

Reference station 262 05 

Nail in blaze on red oak tree (2J4 feet 

diameter) 286 55 22. 63 meters. 



Two large blazed trees stand 
Cement monument marking 

Reference station is center 



00 ^Y^ miles. 

II. 17 meters. 

00 12. 88 meters. 



I02 Survey of Oyster Bars, Autic Arundel County, Md. 

REPORT OF THE WORK OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY. 

INSTRUCTIONS. 

The two following letters, together with the laws " of . the United States relating 
to the subject, constitute the "instructions" of the representative of the Surve)-. 
They are short and definite, but furnish ample authority and leeway for all legitimate 
development of the cooperation of the Government and the State in the survey of 
natural oj'ster bars. The ' ' free hand ' ' permitted by these orders proved very bene- 
ficial and was greatly appreciated. 

Department of Commercf; and L.^bor, 

Office of the Secretary, 

Washington , June 2, 1^06. 
Sir: In replj- to your letter of May 28, requesting me to designate officers of the Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries to cooperate with the State of Maryland in making 
survey of and locating the natural oyster beds, I have the honor to inform you that Mr. C. C. Yates 
will be designated to cooperate on the part of the Coast and Geodetic Survey a.s soon as Congress 
makes the provisions of the act effective by providing an appropriation for the purpose. 
Respectfully, 

L.-^wrence O. Murray, Assistant Secretary. 
His Excellenc)' Hon. Edwin W.\rfield, 

Governor of Marytand, Annapolis, Md. 



Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Coast and Geodetic Survey, 

W'ashitigton, July 3, igo6. 

Sir: Upon the receipt of these instructions you will surrender the command, accounts, etc., of the 

steamer Endeavor to the Hydrographic Inspector. * * * 

As .soon as this transfer is completed you will enter upon the duties of Coast Survey representative 

on the Shell Fish Commission of Maryland. 

You will consult the commissioners, prepare a prograi:ime of work, and submit estimates in the 

usual form. 

You are authorized to come to Washington for consultation from time to time as may be 

necessary. 

****** * 

Very respectfully, 

O. H. TiTTMANN, Superintendent. 
Capt. C. C. Y.\TES, 

U. S. C. and G. S. Steamer "Endeavor," Baltimore, 31 d. 

HOUSE BOAT " OYSTER." 

While arranging to turn over the command of the steamer Endeavor, the repre- 
sentative of the Survey, acting under preliminary instructions from the Superintendent, 
was engaged in frequent consultation with the Shell Fish Commissioners in reference 
to the programme of future work. In addition to these duties, he undertook for the 
commissioners the planning and supervision necessary to convert the old side-wheel 
steamer Tliomas L. WortJiley \\\\.o a house boat for the surveying parties of both the 
Commission and the Government. 

" For copies of these laws see " Introduction " to this publication. 



Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 103 

The Worthley, now called the house boat Oyster, was in excellent condition when 
purchased by the Commission. The keelsons and timbers were sound and the upper 
works strong. After the removal of the old engine and boiler, the house boat was 
docked and her hull thoroughly examined. The outside planking below the water line 
was found in good condition, and although it was recalked, it was done as an additional 
precaution, the hull having been absolutely water-tight from the day of purchase. 

The Oyster is about 135 feet over all and 35 feet in beam. The main deck contains 
living quarters for 27 men, the officers mess room and the galley. The upper deck has 
1 1 staterooms, 5 for the 3 commissioners and their 2 hydrographic engineers, 4 for 
the Coast Survey officers, i for the representative of the U. S. Bureau of Fisheries, 
and I for the local county oyster commissioner. Besides these rooms, there are located 
on this deck a large drafting room, a laboratory for oyster investigations, and an office 
room. Coal for the two Government launches and the galley is stored in the hold, 
which also contains fresh-water tanks having a capacitj^ of about 7,000 gallons. 
Signal lumber is carried on the main deck aft of the officers' mess room. 

As a whole, the Oyster is plainly and practically equipped for the work to be done. 
She has added much to the amount of the surveying accomplished during the season, 
and the Coast and Geodetic Survey representative greatly appreciates the practical 
advantages furnished to his party by their quarters on the house boat. When the large 
party of the combined surveying forces is taken into consideration with the limited 
accommodations usually obtainable on shore, the attending difficulties of a scattered 
party, the uncertain location and supply of coal and water for launches and sufficient 
lumber for signals, it is easily to be seen that the amount of work accomplished would 
have been reduced greatly, if there had been no such house boat as the Oyster \.qi supply 
all requirements of the surveying operations. 

With reasonable care and repairs, the Oyster will be a valuable asset to the Com- 
mission at the completion of the oyster survey of the State, besides having paid her 
first cost several times over in both quality and quantity of work accomplished. 

ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT. 

The command of the Endeavor was turned over to the hydrographic inspector 
July 9, 1906, and from that date to the commencement of active field work the 
Survey representative was engaged on organization of partj', collection of .surveying 
data, general supervision of the construction of the house boat, and preparation of 
field equipment. 

Some delay was experienced in completing repairs to the Survey .steam launch 
Inspector, and bj' the difficulties of obtaining surveying assistants who were qualified 
to receive an appointment under civil-service rules. In fact, the last field assistant 
did not take his oath of office until the middle of October. 

The field organization of the party, when fully completed, remained the same 
during the season, and was as follows: 

C. C. Yates, assistant. Coast and Geodetic Survey, and chief of party. 

E. A. Borst, triangulator. 

N. L. Arbuckle, topographic draftsman. 

F. \V. Seth, surve)'uian and computer. 
One launch coxswain. 

One launch engineer. 
Five seamen and hands. 



I04 Survey of Oyster Bars, Anne Arundel Couitly, Md. 

Later two additional draftsmen, J. D. Torrey and G. C. Moore, were appointed 
and assigned to duty in the office in Washington, where they were employed on the 
preparation for publication of the charts of natural oyster bars, making in all a party 
of six officers from the Coast and Geodetic Survey engaged on the work. During 
the last weeks of the field work, Mr. Paul C. Whitney, assistant, Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, was a.ssigned to temporary duty in the party in place of Mr. E. A. Borst, 
who resigned. 

The equipment of the party, in addition to the quarters and accommodations on 
the house boat Oyster, consisted of the large Coast and Geodetic Survey steam launch 
Inspector, an excellent whaleboat, a large ship's cutter, and a fishing dory. The 
Survey also furnished a complete outfit of theodolites, levels, sextants, and other instru- 
ments necessary for the work of the Government and State surveying parties, and 
the usual outfit of tools, sails and oars, stationery, etc. 

FIELD WORK. 

The launch Inspector and outfit were moved to Annapolis on August lo, 1906, on 
which date the actual field work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey party commenced. 

Previous to this time a number of signals had been erected over old Coast and 
Geodetic Survey triangulation stations on the Severn River by the hydrographic 
engineer of the Commission. By using the triangulation so established, considerable 
oyster bar location was accomplished. 

After the arrival of the Coast Sur^-ey party, the erection of signals and the 
observations of horizontal angles necessary to establish a framework of triangulation 
were kept well ahead of the oyster bar locations and other oyster investigations. 

The methods of triangulation were those established by the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey and require no explanation other than that given by the publications of the 
Survey. 

In all there are 123 triangulation .stations involved in the survey of Anne Arundel 
County natural oyster bars- These stations are scattered along the western shore line 
of the bay from Fort Carroll to Holland Point, and are located at intervals frequently 
less than a half and rarely more than a mile apart. The triangulation was carried on 
with energy and good judgment, but the scattered condition of the work, composed of 
a mixture of new and old stations, increased the number of observations without the 
usual proportionate increase in number of new stations established. 

After the appointment of a topographic draftsman on September 19, all boat 
sheets for both the hydrographic and oyster investigation parties were prepared and 
much other drafting work was done to facilitate the operations of the commissioners. 
Besides this work, the draftsman checked the computations and kept up the smooth 
projections as far as the new field work permitted. 

Considerable difficulty was experienced in bringing up the computations to the 
immediate requirements of the work, especially in West River and to the south along 
the shore of the bay, where practically all old triangulation stations had been washed 
away. This situation was much relieved by the appointment of a surveyman on Octo- 
ber 15, who had received some training in the computing division of the Survey at 
Washington. 



Stirvey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 105 

The operations in the vicinity of Severn and South rivers were completed Sep- 
tember 13, when the house boat Owfer was moved to West River. Up to this time 
the party had lived on shore and suiTered many of the resulting inconveniences and 
delays due to scattered lodgings, uncertain meal hours, etc. The advantages of the 
house boat were immediately shown in the results, and in spite of much bad weather 
the work in the vicinity of West River was completed and the Oyster moved to Magothy 
River on November 9. Here the hou.se boat remained until the end of the month, when 
she was moved to Bodkin Creek. On December 9 the main body of the field work for 
the season was completed and the Oyster went to Annapolis for the winter. Quarters 
were taken up on shore, the parties reduced in number, and offices establi.shed in the 
state house. 

During the following winter the unfinished ends of triangulation, construction 
and planting of permanent monuments, and new descriptions of stations, occupied 
about a third of the time of the triangulator. 

Besides the training and as.sistance required by an entirely new organization, and 
the systematizing of a new cla.ss of work, the repre.sentative of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey devoted nuich time and took much interest in the work of the Commission in 
general as affecting both the surveying and other operations of the oy.ster-culture laws 
of Maryland. 

OFFICE WORK. 

After October 15, a greater part of the original computations were made by the 
surveymau of the party and were checked by the triangulator and the topographic 
draftsman. This work included the computations of 166 triangles, 67 geodetic posi- 
tions, and 1,083 back computations of geodetic positions required for the technical 
descriptions of the boundaries of natural oyster bars. These computations, together 
with the making out of the abstract of horizontal angles, the lists of geographic posi- 
tions, the lists of directions, and the reduction to center for 8 eccentric stations, make 
up a creditable amount of computation for the short .season's work. 

The drafting consisted of the preparation of nearly all boat sheets used by the 
hydrographic and oyster-inve.stigation parties, the construction of 9 projection sheets, 
and the plotting of 2,596 sextant positions on the projections. Besides this drafting, 
the progress map was prepared for the lithographer, the boundaries of 91 natural oyster 
bars were plotted on the projections, the geographic positions of 361 corners of bars 
were scaled off the .sheets, and 1,083 distances to landmarks from corners of bars taken 
off the projections for use in checking computations. This work was done neatly and 
accurately, and represents a larger amount of labor than this statement would indicate. 

The great amount of necessary work required to prepare for publication the 4 
large scale charts of the natural oyster bars and the report containing the description of 
boundaries and landmarks to accompany charts, can be seen from an inspection of the 
charts and reports. 

SUMMARY. 

The results obtained from the work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in cooper- 
ation with the Marj'land Shell Fish Commission need no other summary than is 
indicated by the published charts of the natural oyster bars and the scheme of 
330—07 13 



io6 Survey of Oyster Bars^ Anne Arundel County^ Md. 

projections and triangulation shown on the progress map at the end of this report. 

The work completed will stand the test of time, and it will be recognized ulti- 
mately that both time and money have been saved by having the work done system- 
atically and accurately. 

The geographic positions of the permanent landmarks and signals have been 
determined with the usual precision of a trigonometric survey, and their locations at 
all points nece.ssary to provide ample foundation for the surveying and charting oper- 
ations permitted great accuracy of definition and location for the natural oyster bar 
and other boundaries established. At the .same time, the very important element of 
permanencj' of the positions of boundaries has been secured, as the relocation of 
geodetic positions can always be accomplished by a competent surveyor, even though 
the original landmarks and monuments have been washed away, as has been the 
fate of hundreds of such points established by the Coast and Geodetic Survey on 
the .shores of the Chesapeake Bay during the last sixty-five years. 

Before ending this report the representative of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
deems it both desirable and natural to make a statement of appreciation of the ever 
courteous actions of everyone connected with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission" 
and of his colleague* from the Department of Commerce and I,abor. This excellent 
relationship made true cooperation possible and aided greatl3' in the .succes.sful accom- 
plishment of much work. 

« Walter J. Mitchell, chairman. Dr. Caswell Grave, secretary, Benjamin K. Green, treasurer, com- 
missioners; Thomas H. Robinson, counsel; Swepson Earle, hydrographic engineer; W. Gibson Emory, 
assistant engineer; Joseph E. Smith, local oyster commissioner for Anne Arundel County; H. Court- 
ney Jenifer, chief clerk; Samuel A. Harper, clerk; Ernest Reppenhagen, draftsman. 

'' Dr. H. F. Moore, .scientific as,sistant in the U. vS. Bureau of Fisheries. 

o 



' 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR 
COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 

O. H. TITTMANN. Superintendent 



SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS 

BALTIMORE COUNTY 
MARYLAND 



DESCRIPTION OF BOUNDARIES AND LANDMARKS AND 

REPORT OF WORK OF UNITED STATES COAST 

AND GEODETIC SURVEY IN COOPERATION 

WITH UNITED STATES BUREAU OF 

FISHERIES AND MARYLAND 

SHELL FISH COMMISSION 



By C. C. YATES 

CHIEF OF COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY PARTY 
ASSISTANT. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1911 



LETTER OF SUBMITTAL. 



Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Coast and Geodetic Survey, 

Washington, August lo, igii. 
Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith a report of the officer detailed from 
the Coast and Geodetic Survey to cooperate with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Mary- 
land Shell Fish Commission in surveying the oyster bars of the State of Maryland, 
together with certain technical results which are necessary for the interpretation and 
use of the plats of the survey made by the Government. 

This work has been done under the provisions of the act of Congress entitled "An 
act to authorize the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to cooperate, through the Bureau 
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and the Bureau of Fisheries, with the shell fish com- 
missioners of the State of Maryland in making surveys of the natural oyster beds, bars, 
and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland," approved May 26, 1906, and of 
the acts of Congress making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government 
for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1910, 191 1, and 1912. 
Respectfully, 

O. H. TiTTMANN, Superintendent. 
To Hon. Charles Nagel, 

Secretary of Commerce and Labor. 



CERTIFICATION 



Baltimore, Md., August lo, igii. 
The following publication is certified to contain correct technical descriptions of 
all boundaries and landmarks established in Baltimore County by the Maryland Shell 
Fish Commission in cooperation with the United vStates Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

C. C. Yates, 
Chief of Coast and Geodetic Survey Party, 

Assistant, Coast and Geodetic Survey. 



Examined and certified to be correct. 



Baltimore, Md., August lo, igii. 

Walter J. Mitchell, 
Caswell Grave, 
Benjamin K. Green, 
Maryland Shell Fish Commission. 
Swepson Earle, 

Hydrographic Engineer. 

Note. — Certified copies of this publication and of the charts of the natural oyster 
bars of Baltimore County were filed in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of Balti- 
more County and in the office of the board of shell fish commissioners on August lo, 1911. 

S 



CONTENTS, 



Progress map follows 42 

Letter of submittal 3 

Certification 5 

Introduction: 

Publications g 

Cooperation of the Coast and Goedetic Survey 10 

Cooperation of the Bureau of Fisheries 10 

General statement of work of Coast and Geodetic Survey 10 

Report op the work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey: 

Instructions 12 

Organization and equipment 12 

Chronological statement of work 13 

Statistics 14 

General remarks 14 

Charts and maps: 

Charts of natural oyster bars 15 

Leasing charts 16 

Projections 17 

Progress maps 17 

Boundaries op the county waters: 

Waters within territorial limits of county 18 

Waters contiguous to county 19 

Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations): 

Explanation 20 

Method of describing triangulation stations 20 

Descriptions of triangulation stations in county and adjacent waters — 

Chart No. 27 (Chesapeake Bay between Patapsco River and Pooles Island) — 

Pooles Island Light 23 

Pooles Island 2 23 

Worton Point 2 {see Progress map) 24 

Bramble {see Progress map) 24 

Mitchells Bluff 2 {see Progress map) 25 

Craighill Channel Light (Rear Range) 25 

Craighill Channel Light (Front Range) 25 

North Point (Old Tower Foundation) 26 

Fort Howard Taller Water Tank 26 

Cutoff Channel Light (Front Range) 26 

Cutoff Channel Light (Rear Range) 26 

Rock Point 26 

Bodkin Point (Old Tower) {see Progress map) 27 

Seven Foot Knoll Light 27 

Swan Point 3 {see Progress map) 27 

7 



8 Contents. 

Boundaries of oyster bars: Page 

Explanation 28 

Method of describing boundaries 29 

Surveying methods for relocation of boundaries 30 

Boundaries of natural oyster bars in county — 
Chart No. 27 (Chesapeake Bay)^ 

Tea Table 33 

Millers Island 34 

Man O'War Shoals 34 

Appendixes: 

Appendix A. — Laws relating to the cooperation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and 

Bureau of Fisheries with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission 35 

Appendix B. — "The Haman Oyster Culture Law" (extract from Second Report of Shell 

Fish Commission) 39 

Appendix C. — Summary of the particular surveying operations which constitute an "oyster 

surve)' " as now being carried on in Maryland 40 

Appendix D. — Statistics of results of the combined operations of the Government and State . . 42 



SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS, BALTIMORE COUNTY, MD. 



INTRODUCTION. 

PUBLICATIONS. 

The preparation of publications relating to the survey of the oyster bars of Mary- 
land has been divided between the Government and the State in accordance with the 
laws ' authorizing the work and the natural division of the surveying operations ^ of 
the cooperating forces. 

The publications prepared and issued by the Government under the direction of 
the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey consists of a series of charts and 
a technical report for each county surveyed.^ The charts show all legal boundaries of 
oyster bars within the adopted boundaries of the waters opened up for leasing with each 
county, and the location of all landmarks (Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation 
stations) used as a foundation for the delineation of these various boundaries. The, 
technical report gives technical and legal description of all oyster bar and other bound- 
aries, and descriptions of all landmarks shown on the charts, and includes the report 
of the representative of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in charge of the work of that 
service in cooperation with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Maryland Shell Fish Com- 
mission. These charts and technical reports are prepared and certified for file with the 
courts and the commission, as required by the laws of the State, and contain all infor- 
mation necessary to make a permanent record of the work of the commission and the 
Government for all future requirements of the courts, or for any resurveys that may 
become necessary.^ 

The publications prepared and issued by the vState under the direction of the Shell 
Fish Commission consist of annual reports'^ of all the operations of the commission 
performed under the provisions of the laws of Maryland, ° including results of biological 



• See Appendix A for laws relating to the cooperation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and Bureau of Fisheries with the 
Maryland Shell Fish Commission. 

2 See Appendix C for a summary of the particular surveying operations wnicii constitute an "oyster survey" as now being 
carried on in Mar>^land. 

^ These charts and technical reports can be obtained by apphcation to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
at Washington. D. C. The publications now ready for issue are those for Aime Arundel. Somerset, Wicomico, Worcester, Calvert, 
Charles. St. Mar>*s. and Baltimore Counties. 

* The technical records and charts for each county are published separately on account of the requiremt uts of the oyster" 
culture laws of the State and the practical considerations which make it desirable to have each county ''opened up" for oyster 
culture as soon as practicable after the completion of its survey. For these reasons and the fact that these reports are each arranged 
for distribution and use in one county only without reference to other pubhshed records, much of the text of this publication is 
of necessity identical with similar previous pu' ' .-ations for other counties. 

^ These reports can be obtained by application to th .'ell Fish Commission, Marine Bank Building, Baltimore, Md. They 
are issued annually in October, and the first and secon reports are now available for distribution. 

^ See Appendix B for an extract from the "Second Report of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission," giving a concise sum- 
mary of the "Haman oyster-culture law." 

9 



lo Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

and economic oyster investigations, methods and results of the hydrographic survey of 
the boundaries of oyster bars and crab bottoms, the administrative report and financial 
statement of the commission, information relating to oyster culture, methods of sur- 
veying and leasing of oyster lots, and much other important matter of legal and scientific 
value. 

These two sets of publications are planned and arranged to supplement each other 
without unnecessary duplication, and when combined they form a complete report of 
operations, methods, and results of the work of both the Government and State.' 

COOPERATION OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY. 

The work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, as the name of the service indicates, 
includes a survey of the coasts of the United States made on a geodetic basis. This 
has involved the gradual construction of a great framework of interstate triangulation 
for use as a foundation for detail hydrographic and topographic surveys, from which 
there has been compiled and published a complete set of charts of the coasts of the 
United States, including all waters of Maryland where oysters grow. This existing 
triangulation, hydrography, and topography is essential as a foundation for a correct 
and practical survey of natural oyster bars; and it being one of the fundamental func- 
tions of the Coast and Geodetic Survey to furnish such data, the cooperation of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission is a practical and natural development of Government work leading to the 
conservation and increase of the supply of food. 

COOPERATION OP THE BUREAU OF FISHERIES. 

The Bureau of Fisheries has cooperated with the Coast and Geodetic Survey and 
the Maryland vShell Fish Commission principally as an adviser in matters relating to the 
biological and economic survey of oyster bars and the methods to be employed for that 
purpose.- A steam launch, rowing boat, and certain apparatus have also been furnished. 

The primary function of the Bureau of Fisheries is to increase the productiveness 
of marine and fresh waters by such measures as may be best suited to the purpose, and 
the services rendered in connection with the survey of the oyster bars of Maryland are 
strictly in line with the fundamental law under which it acts. In certain States other 
than Maryland similar work has been conducted by the bureau acting independently, 
the same ends being attained at greater expense to the Government. 

GENERAL STATEMENT OF WORK OF COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY.^ 

The results obtained from the work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in coopera- 
tion with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Maryland Shell Fish Commission need very . 
little other summary than is indicated by the published "Charts of Natural Oyster 
Bars" and the index of hydrographic projections and triangulation stations shown on 
the county progress maps attached to each report. 

* See Appendix D of this publication for "Statistics of results of combined operations of the Government and State." 

2 Hon, George M. Bowers, Commissioner of Fisheries, has detailed for this service Dr. H. F. Moore. Assistant. Bureau 

of Fisheries. 

^ For a detail statement of the very large amount of excellent oyster-survey work of the Maryland Shell Fish Conunission 

see the "Annual Reports of the Maryland Shell Fish Conunission." 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. ii 

The triangulation has been carried on in accordance with the standard methods 
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, making this work and that of the "Descriptions of 
Triangulation Stations" of permanent value, not only to the State of Maryland in the 
survey of her oyster bars but also to the Government for any future work it may do in 
the regions covered by the oyster-survey operations. 

The hydrographic projections and published charts are prepared with all the accu- 
racy permitted by their large scale, especially as to the boundaries of the various shell-fish 
bottoms in relation to landmarks, but this accuracy of location on the charts is further 
added to and permanently fixed by published technical descriptions which should 
minimize the probability of any future dispute as to either landmarks or boundaries. 

Stated another way, and quoting from the report of the "Survey of Oyster Bars 
of Anne Arundel County": 

The geographic positions of the permanent landmarks and signals have been determined with the 
usual precision of a trigonometric survey, and their locations at all points necessary to provide ample 
foundation for the surveying and charting operations permitted great accuracy of definition and loca- 
tion for the natural oyster-bar and other boundaries established. At the same time, the very important 
element of permanency of the positions of boundaries has been secured, as the relocation of geodetic 
positions can always be accomplished by a competent surveyor, even though the original landmarks 
and monuments have been washed away, as has been the fate of hundreds of such points established 
by the Coast and Geodetic Survey on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay during the last 65 years. 



REPORT OF THE WORK OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY IN 
BALTIMORE COUNTY. 

INSTRUCTIONS. 

The following letters, together with the laws ' of the United States relating to the 
subject, constitute the "instructions" received by the chief of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey party engaged on work in connection with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission. 
They are short and definite, but furnish ample authority and leeway for all legitimate 
development of the cooperation of the Government and the State in the survey of 
oyster bars. The "free hand" permitted by these orders, together with the aid and many 
valuable suggestions received from the officers of the survey at Washington, have proved 
very beneficial to the work and are greatly appreciated : 

Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Office of the Secretary, 

Washington, June 2, igo6. 
Sir: In reply to vour letter of May 28, requesting me to designate officers of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries to cooperate with the State of Maryland in making survey of and 
locating the natural oyster beds, I have the honor to inform you that Mr. C. C. Yates will be designated 
to cooperate on the part of the Coast and Geodetic Survey as soon as Congress makes the provisions of the 
act effective by providing an appropriation for the purpose. 

Respectfully, 

Lawrence O. Murray, Assistant Secretary. 
His Excellency Hon. Edwin Warfield, 

Governor of Maryland, Annapolis, Md. 



Department op Commerce and Labor, 

Coast and Geodetic Sitrvey, 

Washington, July j, igo6. 
Sir: Upon the receipt of these instructions you will surrender the command, accounts, etc., of the 
steamer Endeavor to the Hydrographic Inspector * * *. 

As soon as this transfer is completed you will enter upon the duties of Coast Survey representative 
on the Shell Fish Commission of Maryland. 

You will consult the Commissioners, prepare a program of work, and submit estimates in the usual 
form. 

You are authorized to come to Washington for consultation from time to time as may be necessary. 
********* 

Very respectfully, 

O. H. TiTTmann, Superintendent. 
Capt. C. C. Yates, 

U. S. C. & G. S. Steamer "Endeavor," Baltimore, Md. 

ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT. 

The personnel and occupation of the party of the Coast and Geodetic Survey have 
remained practically unchanged since the beginning of the "oyster survey." Besides 

1 For these laws see Appendix A. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 13 

the chief of party, it consists of the necessary triangulators, computers, draftsmen, and 
temporary employees required to carry on both the surveying operations in the field 
and the preparation for publication of oyster charts and technical records in the office 
at Washington. 

The equipment for the work of the party has been ample and satisfactory. The 
large living and office quarters furnished the Government on the Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission house boat Oyster have been very convenient for the work, besides facili- 
tating efficient cooperation with the surveying and oyster investigation parties of the 
State. In addition to the accommodations on the Oyster, the Coast and Geodetic Sur\'ey 
party has had the constant use of the large steam launch Inspector and several other 
boats furnished by its own service, and the occasional use of the Bureau of Fisheries 
launch Canvasback ^ and the steamer Governor McLane ^ of the State fishery force. 

The greater part of the equipment of instruments for the operations of both the 
Government and State has been furnished by the Coast and Geodetic Survey and con- 
sists of all necessary theodolites, levels, sextants, drafting instruments, hydrometers, 
etc., required for all field and office work. 

CHRONOLOGICAL vSTATEMENT OF WORK. 

The field work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in Baltimore County ' dates from 
April 14, 1909, when the Maryland Shell Fish Commission house boat Oyster was moved 
from her winter quarters in Baltimore to an anchorage off Rock Hall Landing in Kent 
County. The surveying operations carried on from this harbor covered a period of 
about six weeks, when practically all the triangulation of the Chesapeake Bay shores of 
both Baltimore and Kent Counties was completed. 

On May 26, 1909, the Oyster was moved from Rock Hall Landing to near Cliffs 
Landing in the upper part of Chester River, and no further work was done in Balti- 
more County from that date to July 22, 1909, when the anchorage of the Oyster was 
changed back to Rock Hall to complete some unfinished details of the oyster survey 
work in that vicinity. 

On August 5, 1909, the house boat was again moved, this time to Worton Creek, 
the extreme northern limit of oyster growth in Chesapeake Bay. From this harbor all 
the remaining oyster survey work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in both Baltimore 
and Kent Counties was completed, although some weeks later a party of the Maryland 
Shell Fish Commission returned to finish certain oyster investigations and hydrographic 
obser^'ations in these waters. 

The office work connected with the oyster survey of Baltimore County, including 
compilations and drafting necessary for the preparation for publication of the oyster 
charts and the technical records, was continued intermittingly with the office work of 
other counties from the beginning of the field work in Baltimore County to the time 
of filing of the certified oyster charts and technical reports in the archives of the Com- 
mission and with the clerk of the circuit court of Baltimore County on August 10, 191 1. 

^ By courtesy of Dr. H. F. Moore. United States Bureau of Fisheries. 
* By courtesy of Capt. James A. Turner, commanding. 

3 The field work of Baltimore and Kent Counties was so intermixed in Chesapeake Bay that the chronological statement 
of work for one of these counties necessarily includes a considerable part of the work of the other county. 



14 Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

STATISTICS.' 

Landmarks and triangulation signals erected 6 

Monuments planted to mark triangulation stations 6 

Triangulation stations occupied for observations of horizontal angles 3 

Old triangulation stations recovered 14 

New triangulation stations established i 

Total old and new triangulation stations marked and described 15 

Linear miles of shore line covered by triangulation (approximate) 12 

Square miles covered by triangulation (approximate) 50 

Hydrographic projections prepared and completed as records of oyster boundaries 4 

Triangles computed 8 

Geographic positions computed i 

Comers of oyster boundaries established by computation 13 

Back azimuths and distances computed from corners of boundaries to triangulation stations 39 

Descriptions of triangulation stations prepared for publication 15 

Descriptions of oyster boundaries prepared for publication 3 

"Charts of Natural Oyster Bars" prepared for publication i 

Progress map prepared for publication i 

GENERAL REMARKS. 

Before ending this report the representative of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
wishes to renew his statement of appreciation of the courteous assistance received from 
various Government and State officials and others interested in the oyster industry of 
Maryland, especially to the following: 

To his colleague from the Department of Commerce and Labor, Dr. H. F. Moore, 
of the Bureau of Fisheries, whose well-known scientific knowledge of all matters relating 
to oysters has been of great value to the work. 

To Mr. Walter J- Mitchell, chairman of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, who, 
by his administrative ability in carrying out the complicated requirements of the oyster 
laws and bv his unfailing tact, has made the cooperation of the various services engaged 
on the work both agreeable and effective. 

To Dr. Caswell Grave, secretary of the commission, who, as editor of the com- 
mission's annual report and commissioner in charge of the biological and economic 
oyster investigations, has been brought into constant contact with the Government 
work and aided its operations in every way. 

To Mr. Benjamin K. Green, treasurer of the commission, who has looked after the 
equipment and commissary of the house boat in such a way as to add greatly to the 
comfort and convenience of the party of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

To Mr. vSwepson Earle, hydrographic engineer to the commission, whose knowledge 
of the work from former service in the Coast and Geodetic Survey has greatly facilitated 
his practical use of the technical data furnished by the Government. 

And to the many others connected with the commission or who as residents in the 
locality where the work was being carried on have greatly assisted by furnishing impor- 
tant information or willing services. 

' These statistics only include field and office work directly performed by the party of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in 
connection with the oyster survey of Baltimore County, and do not include the many thousands of soundings and examina- 
tions of the character of the bottom made by the engineers of the commission, which are of considerable value to the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey as hydrographic records for future use in connection with the preparation of new editions of charts of the waters 
of Maryland. See Appendix D of this publication for "Statistics of results of combined operations of the Goveniment and 
the State." 



CHARTS AND MAPS.' 

CHARTS OP NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 

The chart of the natural oyster bars of Baltimore County, published by the Coast 
and Geodetic Survey from results of surveys of the Government in cooperation with the 
Maryland Shell Fish Commission, covers that portion of the upper Chesapeake Bay and 
tributaries in Baltimore County in which the waters are sufficiently salt for the growth 
of oysters. This chart is published on a scale of i part in 20,000 (approximately 3 J 
inches to a statute mile). It is constructed on a polyconic projection and is based on 
the United States standard datum of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

This chart shows all oyster bars and other boundaries established by the commission, 
and is certified for the purpose of filing in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of 
Baltimore County and in the office of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, as required 
by the oyster laws of Maryland. 

In addition to the oyster bar and other boundaries, the "Maryland Oyster Charts" 
show the location and name of all landmarks (United States Coast and Geodetic Survey 
triangulation stations) used in making the survey, together with the hydrography and 
topography necessary to make the technical definitions and delineations of boundaries 
readily understandable both by the- people engaged in the oyster industry and the 
general pubHc who may become interested through leasing of barren bottoms for oyster 
culture.^ 

The names of the oyster bars are those used locally, as nearly as could be ascer- 
tained by the hydrographic engineer of the commission. When there was no local 
name in common use, a name was selected from one of the prominent features of the 
vicinity. By the use of recognized names or those that would naturally suggest certain 
sections of water, it is believed that much confusion will be avoided in the location on 
the charts of the oyster bars, especially by those not familiar with the use of maps. 

The corners of the oyster bars are numbered from i to the total number of corners 
in each area under consideration. Where boundaries adjoin, making one point a corner 
of two or more oyster bars, these points have two or more numbers, each number corre- 
sponding to the bar in which the figure is located. The numbers of the corners corre- 
spond with the technical and legal descriptions of this publication under the heading 
"Boundaries of natural oyster bars." 

The landmarks and oyster bars have been grouped in the "Contents" of the Coast 
and Geodetic Survey oyster survey publication in accordance with the charts upon 
which they are shown. To find a particular oyster bar or landmark which is only known 
by name, consult the "Contents" and the desired chart and general location will be 

' These charts can be obtained by application to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, at Washington. D. C. 

2 Much of the detail of the iushore topography was obtained from the excellent map of Baltimore County, prepared and 
published by the Maryland Geological Survey imder the direction of Dr. William Bullock Clark from surveys of the Maryland 
Geological Survey in cooperation with the U. S. Geological Survey. 

IS 



1 6 Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

indicated. To find the name of a bar or landmark which is only known by location, 
consult the progress map at the end of the publication for the number of the chart on 
which it is to be found, and then examine the known locaHty on the chart for the name 
of the bar or landmark in question. 

The contours on the charts showing the depth of water at mean low tide have been 
taken from the hydrographic sheets of former work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 
Four curves were selected as being the most convenient for taking ofif from the original 
hydrographic sheets and the ones of greatest value to those interested in shellfish indus- 
tries. The I -fathom contour (6 feet) and the 5-fathom curve (30 feet) correspond 
in a general way to the inner and outer limits of all the oyster bars surveyed. The 
3-fathom contour (18 feet) furnishes the curve of about the average depth of water on 
the oyster bars and the lo-fathom contour (60 feet) serves in a general way to indicate 
the outer limits of probable oyster culture. 

The boundaries of the waters within the "territorial limits of the county" and the 
boundaries of the "waters contiguous to the county" opened up for the leasing with each 
county are plainly indicated on the charts. A full technical description of these 
boundaries is given in this publication under the heading "Boundaries of county 
waters." 

The areas in acres of the oyster bars were determined under the direction of the 
hydrographic engineer of the commission by two independent planimeter measurements 
of the areas as delineated on the smooth projections of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 
These areas are given in small figures in parentheses on the face of the chart within the 
boundaries of the different shellfish bottoms. 

The symbols used on the charts for the different kinds of boundaries, triangulation 
stations, contours of depth of water, etc., require no other explanation than that given 
in the legend and other notes on the face of the charts. 

LEASING CHARTS. 

The leasing charts of Baltimore County, like those for Anne Arundel, Somerset, 
Wicomico, Worcester, Calvert, Charles, and St. Marys counties, have been prepared 
under the direction of the hydrographic engineer of the commission. These charts are 
constructed on polyconic projections and are based on the United States standard 
datum of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. They are made on the scales of i part in 
5,000, or I part in 10,000, as the needs of oyster culture may require. Anne Arundel 
County required 13 leasing charts; Somerset County, 12 charts; Wicomico County, 
2 charts; Worcester County, 3 charts; Calvert County, 5 charts; Charles County, 2 charts; 
St. Marys County, 8 charts; and Baltimore County, i chart, to cover their oyster bottoms. 

These charts show all the oyster bars, crab bottoms, and clam beds and other 
boundaries established by the commission, and also all boundaries of oyster lots leased 
for the purpose of oyster culture, thus making them comprehensive and valuable records 
of the results of the operations of the oyster-culture laws. 

The lots leased under the provision of the "old 5-acre law" are frequently of irreg- 
ular shape, but the lots leased under the provision of the new oyster laws must be of 
rectangular shape by the terms of that act. For this latter purpose the leasing charts 
have been divided by parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude into small rectan- 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 17 

gles of I acre or 5 acres, as may be best suited to the area under consideration, and 
prospective leaseholders by the rules of the commission are compelled to select whole 
rectangles as far as possible. 

For reasons of the present changeable nature of the number of lots leased and the 
large number of charts required, the leasing charts are not likely to be published for 
some years, but they can be seen at any time on file at the offices of the commission, 
in the Marine Bank Building at Baltimore. 

PROJECTIONS. 

The polyconic projections ' covering Baltimore County waters are four in number and 
on the scale of i part in 10,000. They were constructed by draftsmen of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey, but the sextant positions which determine the location of the legal 
boundaries of the oyster bars as delineated by the Shell Fish Commission were plotted 
by the draftsman of the commission. 

A copy of each of these projections, with all the plotted positions of triangulation 
stations, shore Hne, sextant positions, and boundaries of oyster bars, was made under 
the direction of the hydrographic engineer of the commission by pricking through with 
a sharp needle the intersections of the projection lines and all other points as plotted 
on the original sheets. 

These projections (in duplicate) are the original records of all oyster-bar and other 
boundaries established by the commission, one set being filed in the archives of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, at Washington, and the other set in the archives of the Shell 
Fish Commission. 

PROGRESS MAPS. 

The progress map to be found at the end of this publication is on a scale of i part 
in 100,000, and shows in outline the work accomplished by the United States Coast and 
Geodetic Survey in Baltimore County and contiguous waters. It gives the scheme of 
all the charts and smooth projections constructed in connection with the survey, the 
location and names of all triangulation stations used as a basis for the surveying work, 
and the "boundaries of county waters" established by the commission for the purpose 
of carrying out the laws of Maryland relating to oyster culture. 

Besides indicating the amount of work done by the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
in connection with the work of the Shell Fish Commission, this progress map will be of 
special value for index purposes to engineers and others searching for the particular 
chart or projection covering the locality of the oyster bars or landmarks that may be 
under consideration. 

The progress maps ^ accompanying the first and second annual reports of the 
Maryland Shell Fish Commission were prepared under the direction of the hydrographic 
engineer of the commission. They are on the scale of i part in 400,000, and show the 
outline of the tide-water counties of Maryland, with shaded areas to indicate the waters 
already covered by the operations of the oyster survey. 

' For the scheme of these projections see the progress map at the end of this publication. 

2 These maps and reports can be obtained by application to Maryland Shell Fish Commission. Marine Bank Building, 
Baltimore, Md. 



BOUNDARIES OF THE COUNTY WATERS.' 

WATERS WITHIN TERRITORIAL LIMITS OF COUNTY. 

The laws of Maryland relating to oyster culture provide that "no person shall be 
permitted, by lease, assignment, or in any other manner, to acquire a greater amount 
of land than ten acres situated within the territorial limits of any of the counties, or 
one hundred acres in any other place. " 

The boundary line- between the waters "within the territorial limits" of Baltimore 
County and the waters in "any other place," as established by the Shell Fish Com- 
mission for the purpose of carrying out the oyster laws, and delineated on the "oyster" 
charts and the smooth projections of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, is technically 
described and defined as follows: 

Following the boundary line in the middle of Gunpowder River between Baltimore and Harford 
counties to a point at the intersection of this boundary' with a straight line between the northeastern 
end of Millers Island and the southwestern end of Spr>'s Island defined by latitude 39° 16' 58.8" and 
longitude 76° 20' 10. o"; thence in a straight line across a part of the waters of the mouth of Gunpowder 
River to a point on the northeastern end of Millers Island defined by latitude 39° 15' 5 1.6" and longitude 
76° 21' og.o"; thence along the mean low-water line of the Chesapeake Bay shore of Millers Island or 
a line across the mouth of all inlets less than 100 yards in width, as the case may be, to a point on the 
southwestern end of Millers Island defined by latitude 39° 15' 19.5" and longitude 76° 22' 51.9"; thence 
in a straight line across the waters and small marsh islands between Millers Island and Hart Island to a 
point on the northeastern end of Hart Island defined by latitude 39° 15' 08.5" and longitude 76° 22' 18.0"; 
thence along the mean low-water line of Chesapeake Bay shore of Hart Island or a line across the mouth 
of all inlets less than 100 yards in width, as the case may be, to a point on the southwestern end of Hart 
Island defined by latitude 39° 13' 47. 5" and longitude 76° 23' 46.0"; thence in a straight line across the 
waters between Hart Island and the mainland to a point on the mainland of Baltimore County defined 
by latitude 39° 13' 45.5''' and longitude 76° 23' 56.8": thence along the mean low-water line of the 
Chesapeake Bay shore of Baltimore County or a line across the mouth of all inlets less than 100 yards 
in width, as the case may be. to a point on the northeastern side of the entrance to Shallow Creek 
defined by latitude 39° 12' 153" and longitude 76° 25' 57.4"; thence in a straight line across the mouth 
of Shallow Creek to a point on the southwestern side of the entrance to Shallow Creek defined by 
latitude 39° i2'ii.i'''and longitude 76° 26' 12.4": thence along the mean low- water line of the Chesapeake 
Bay shore of Baltimore County or a line across the mouth of all inlets less than 100 yards in width, as the 
case may be, to a point located on North Point at the extreme southern end of Baltimore County defined 
by latitude 39° 11' 43.8" and longitude 76° 26' 34.2": thence in a straight line to a point located in 
Chesapeake Bay about 150 yards offshore on the foundation of an old stone lighthouse tower defined 
by latitude 39° n' 39.2'" and longitude 76° 26' 31.4"; thence in a straight line across a part of the waters 
of the mouth of Patapsco River to a point defined by the intersection of the center line of Brewerton 
Channel and a straight line between "North Point (Old Tower Foundation)" and a point defined by 
latitude 39° 09' 59. 3" and longitude 76° 28' 39.7", situated on Rock Point; thence along the center line 
of Brewerton Channel to a point defined by the intersection of this line with the center line of Fort 
McHenry Channel; thence along the center line of Fort McHenry Channel to a point defined by the 
intersection of this line with the southern boundary line of Baltimore County.-' 



• For a complete historical and legal description of the boundaries of the counties of Maryland, the valuable publication en- 
titled "The Counties of Marj'land— Their Origin, Boundaries, and Election nistricts. " prepared by Dr. Edward B. Mathews 
and published by the Maryland Geological Survey under the direction of Dr. William Bullock Clark, superintendent, should 
be consulted, as the boundaries described in this publication have been established and technically defined for the purpose of 
carrying out the oyster laws of the State, and may or may not be correct for other purposes. 

2 See "Charts of Natural Oyster Bars, " published by the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and the progress map at the end of this 
publication. 

' Latitudes and longitudes based on the United States standard datum of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

18 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 19 

WATERS CONTIGUOUS TO COUNTY. 

The oyster laws of Mar3'land provide that a true and accurate delineation of all 
natural oyster bars shall be made on copies of charts of the United States Coast and 
Geodetic Sur\^ey, "which said copies shall be filed in the oifice of the said commissioners," 
and "in the office of the clerks of the circuit courts for the respective counties wherein 
the grounds so designated may lie." 

For the purpose of carrying out the latter part of this section of the law and for 
the purpose of establishing the limits of the oyster-culture area to be opened up for 
leasing with each county surveyed, it is necessary for the Shell Fish Commission to 
establish a boundary line between the waters contiguous to but not within the terri- 
torial limits of each county and the waters contiguous to but not within the territorial 
limits of adjacent counties. 

This boundary line has been delineated on the "Charts of Natural Oyster Bars," 
published by the Coast and Geodetic Survey and is technically described and defined 
as follows : 

Commencing at a point situated in the mouth of the Gunpowder River at the intersection of the 
boundary between Baltimore and Harford counties and a straight line between the northeastern end of 
Millers Island and the southwestern end of Sprys Island and defined by latitude 39° 16' 58.8" and longi- 
tude 76° 20' 10. o"; thence in a straight line across a part of Chesapeake Bay to a point situated about 
ii'„ miles south of the southern end of Pooles Island and defined by latitude 39° 15' 30.0" and longitude 
76° 16' 20.4"; thence in a straight line along the waters of Chesapeake Bay to a point situated about 
3/5 miles east of "Seven Foot Knoll Light" and 31^ miles southeast of "Craighill Channel Light (Front 
Range)" and defined by latitude 39° 09' 10.6" and longitude 76° 21' 00.0"; thence in a straight line 
along the continuation of the center line of Brewerton Channel to Brewerton Channel, and thence along 
the center line of Brewerton Channel to a point defined by the intersection of this line and a straight 
line between "North Point (Old Tower Foundation)" and a point defined by latitude 39° 09' 59.3" and 
longitude 76° 28' 39.7", situated on Rock Point.' 

' tatitudes and longitudes based on the United States standard datum of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. 



LANDMARKS (U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY TRIANGULATION 

STATIONS). 

EXPLANATION. 

The oyster laws of Maryland authorizing the survey to be made by the shell fish 
commission provide for "an accurate report of said survey, setting forth such a descrip- 
tion of landmarks as may be necessary to enable the said board, or their successors, to 
find and ascertain the boundary lines of said natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks, as 
shown by delineation on the maps and charts." The law of the United States author- 
izing the cooperation of the Department of Commerce and Labor in the survey of 
natural oyster bars of Maryland provides for the erection of "such structures as maybe 
necessary to mark the points of triangulation, so that the same may be used for such 
future work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey as the said bureau may be hereafter 
required to perform in prosecuting the Government coast survey of the navigable waters 
of the United States located within the State of Maryland." 

Under the provisions of the sections of the laws stated above, the markings and 
descriptions of landmarks must be sufficient for the present and future needs of both 
the Government and the State. With this end in view, considerable work has been 
expended in erecting permanent monuments at the triangulation stations and in the 
proper description of their location. 

An effort has been made to arrange the descriptions of location and character of 
landmarks in a uniform and logical manner. The descriptions start with the assump- 
tion that the individual seeking a landmark has only an indefinite idea of its location. 
They gradually proceed from description of the general locality of a landmark to the 
descriptions of its immediate surroundings. This is followed by specific details of the 
character of the center and reference marks and a "round" of reference angles and 
distances which in themselves frequently contain enough information to furnish an 
independent and reliable location of the triangulation station. 

METHOD OF DESCRIBING TRIANGULATION STATIONS. 

The separate descriptions of triangulation stations should not be used without reading 
the following explanation of the method of describing the triangulation stations, as it con- 
tains certain details that are common to all the landmarks described in this publication 
and which are omitted in the separate descriptions as being needless repetitions : 

Name. — The title at the top of each separate description is the name by which 
the landmark or triangulation station is known and designated in all work and pub- 
lished oyster records or oyster charts of both the Government and State. The selec- 
tion of the name is usually left to the triangulator establishing the station, and it may 
or may not have geographic or other significance in reference to the locality. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 21 

General locality. — Under this heading is given the general locaHty of the landmark 
in reference to well-known and prominent natural or artificial features, such as the 
nearest body of water, town, river, steamer wharf, well-defined point of land, church, 
or any other feature that is likely to remain both permanent and prominent. 

This heading also covers a reference to the published chart or map which shows 
the location of the station most clearly. -Nearly all the triangulation stations described 
in this publication are plainly indicated by name and a triangulation symbol on the 
published charts of oyster bars of Maryland. In this case they are referred to by serial 
number only, the words "charts of oyster bars of Maryland" being omitted to avoid 
needless repetition. These published oyster charts are on the large scale of i part in 
20,000 (approximately 3^ inches to a statute mile) and show the locations of the trian- 
gulation stations so clearly that in many cases the written descriptions will not be 
required to find them. 

Immediate locality. — Under this heading is given the description of the "observed 
station" in reference to its immediate surroundings. This is supposed to include a 
statement of the station's estimated elevation above high water or some other well- 
defined level of the locality, such as a road or house; the character of the ground on 
which it is located, such as marsh land, sand beach, cultivated field, or meadow; esti- 
mated bearings in points of the compass and estimated distances in yards from {not to) 
easily recognized features, such as extreme end of point, edge of bluff, bank of creek, 
line of telephone poles, shore line, barn, house, fence, ditch, trees, or any other definite 
detail, such as being on range with the tangent of an island and a church; and so forth. 

When a standard monument has been established near the station as a "reference 
station," this heading also covers a statement of the true bearing of the monument in 
degrees and minutes and its measured distance in meters, as it is the first object that 
is likely to catch the eye when the immediate vicinity of the desired station is reached 
and might be mistaken for the center mark of the "observed station" unless special 
attention is called to it. 

The distinction between the "observed station" and "reference station" should 
be carefully noted by anyone making use of the description of stations for any future 
surveying operations. 

The "observed station" is located at the particular triangulation point covered by 
the description of stations, and is the one whose geographic position is first computed, as 
it is the point which was "occupied" and "obser\'ed on" for horizontal angles. How- 
ever, in spite of the primary importance of the location of the "observed station," 
it will be noted from the description of stations that frequently it is not marked as well 
as the "reference station," and in some instances has only a pine stub to indicate its 
position. This is the case for the reason that the necessity of intervisibility of land- 
marks usually made it compulsory to locate "observed stations" on edges of banks and 
ends of points of land, which in the tide-water section of Maryland generally means they 
will be washed away in a short period of years. The past experience of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey in this region has shown the great need of "reference stations," if the 
frequent reestablishment of a new framework of triangulation is to be avoided. 

The chief reason and need for the estabhshment of the "reference station," or 
secondary station, as it might be well named, is explained in the preceding paragraph, 
but in several instances other reasons, such as the location of the "observed station" 



22 Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

on an unstable sand dune, in a cultivated field, in front of a residence, or other places 
objectionable to the landowner, have led to establishment of "reference stations." The 
location of the "reference station" in relation to the "observed station" is fixed for 
plotting on charts or for computation of its geographic position by checked measure- 
ments of its distances and azimuth from the "observed station." ' 

• Marks. — Under this heading is given a description of the character of the permanent 
monuments or other marks of the location of the "observed station," and of the "refer- 
ence station" where one has been established. 

All the marks designated in the descriptions as "the center point of triangle on 
standard cement monument" are exactly alike. These monuments are made of cement, 
sand, and gravel, and are 2 feet long and 8 inches square at top and bottom. Their tops 
are all marked with the same brass mold and show a center hole surrounded by a triangle, 
with the letters "M. is. F. C." arranged around the vertex and the letters "U. S. C. S." 
underneath the base of the triangle. The center hole is always in the center of the top 
of the monument by construction, and if this is found to have been broken off without 
disturbing the bottom, the center of its square section can be used as the location of the 
station. 

As the above facts in reference to the "standard cement monuments" are a constant 
element in all cases, the repetition of these facts in the description of stations is made 
needless by this one statement. 

References. — Under this heading are given the "rounds" of directions and distances 
to all objects that might be useful in locating the stations when the surface marks can 
not be found. It is also contemplated that for general purposes of topography, hydrog- 
raphy, or location of boundaries of oyster bars these references will be sufficient in many 
cases to relocate the position of an "observed station" or "reference station" when both 
of them have been destroyed. 

The first reference object given in the descriptions is always a triangulation station 
visible from the station being described, this, if possible, being a lighthouse, church spire, 
or other permanent and prominent point. Its direction is taken as being 0° 00' 00", 
and the directions of all other objects are measured from it as an initial point, the angles 
being taken in a clockwise direction (left to right). 

The true bearing ^ of the initial object is always given in parentheses alongside its 
name. This furnishes means for the calculation of the bearings of any of the other 
reference objects for the purposes of locating a station by horizontal angles or for the 
relocation of corner buoys of oyster-bar boundaries by the method of compass directions 
described in this publication under the heading of "Boundaries of oyster bars." 

The distances in the last column under "References" are given in three different 
units, which vary according to their accuracy. The "miles" are statute miles, and may 
be considered only as rough estimates. The "yards" are more accurate, but must be 
looked on as results generally obtained by pacing or careful estimating. The "meters," 
however, are accurate to the degree indicated by their decimals and in every case have 
been measured with a steel tape. In the same manner, the accuracy of the directions are 
indicated by the refinement of angular measure with which they are recorded. 

' Geographic coordinates (latitude, longitude, distance, and azimuth) relating to any of the "observed stations" or of the 
"reference stations " described in this publication can be obtained by application to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, at Washington, D. C. 

'The mean magnetic variation for Baltimore County was 6° 15' west of north in 1911 and increasing at the rate of 5' yearly. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 23 

DBSCRIPTIONS OF TRIANGUI^ATION STATIONS. 

POOLES ISLAND LIGHT. 

General locality. — Upper Chesapeake Bay on northwest side of Pooles Island. (See Chart No. 27.) 
Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a detached tower known as Pooles Island Lighthouse. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of lantern on tower. 
References — o / // 

" Craighill Channel Light (I'Vont Range) ' ' (S 44° 19' W) . o 00 00 10 miles. 

POOLES ISLAND 2. 

General locality. — Upper Chesapeake Bay on Pooles Island, about X mile southeast of Pooles Island 
Light and }i mile north by west of Pooles Island wharf. (See Chart No. 27.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a peach orchard, on highest ground on northern part of 
Pooles Island, about 500 yards soutlieast of Pooles Island Light and 370 yards north by west of farm- 
house. The angle at the southwest corner of tlie farmhouse between the windmill at the barn and the 
observed station is 84°, and the angle at the observed station between the light tower and the fog-bell 
tower is 2" 47'. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument projecting 4 
inches above surface of ground. Subsurface mark is center of 2-inch tile pipe buried with top 2 inches 
below base of monument. (Note: These marks replace old ones of 1896.) 
References. — o / // 

"Pooles Island Light" (N 47° 16' W) o 

Break in bluff on east shore of bay showing 

through peach trees 153 

Center of chimney of small house in rear of 

dwelling 215 

Center of middle one of three chimneys on 

dwelling 218 

Center of cupola on small building 220 

Near gable of bam 238 

Windmill 241 

Center one of four nails in apple tree 336 



00 00 


452 meters. 


12 


3K miles. 


00 


^i mile. 


°3 


J4 mile. 


50 


X mile. 


06 


X mile. 


56 


X mile. 


24 10 . . . 


. . . 33. 72 meters. 



24 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 
WORTON POINT 2. 



General locality. — Eastern shure of Chesapeake Bay on Worton Point, about i>' s miles north of mouth 
of Worton Creek and 4' 2 miles northeast of north end of Pooles Island. (See Progress map.) 

Immediale locality. — Observed station is on tree and bush fringed bluff about 30 feet above high 
water, 2 yards east-southeast of edge of bluff and 1 yard south-southwest of a very small ravine. Cement 
monument marking reference station is 14.05 meters S 61° 17' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of 4-inch tile jjipe with top 6 inches below surface of ground. 
Subsurface mark is center of 4-inch tile pipe buried with top 2 inches below base of surface pipe. Ref- 
erence station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument projecting 4 inches above surface 
of ground. 

References. — ° 

" Pooles Island 2 " (862° 18' W) o 

Right tree on Pooles Island 3 

South peak of small house 42 

Left peak of house 74 

Nail in blaze in ash tree (2 '2 inches 

diameter) 88 

Chimney outside of right end of old 

house 94 

Chimney near left end of roof of 

house with gables 116 

Nail in blaze in ash tree (3 inches 

diameter) 1 54 

Reference station 236 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (5 inches 
diameter) 310 



07 



00 4S-8 miles. 

4' < miles. 

4>< miles. 

4J2 miles. 

40 1.06 meters. 

3 j 2 miles. 

4,' 4 miles. 

10 4.24 meters. 

00 1405 meters. 



20 4.61 meters. 

BRAMBLE. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay, about 3 miles southeast of center of Pooles 
Island, 3 miles north-northeast of Tolchester Beach, and ij^^ miles southwest of entrance to Fairlee 
Creek. (See Progress map.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a tree and bush fringed bluff about 30 feet above high 
water, 3 yards east of edge of bluff, 3 yards west of edge of cultivated field, 35 yards southwest of trees 
at edge of gully, and 200 yards west of other trees. Cement monument marking reference station is 
47.16 meters N 67° 05' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is 2-inch stub projecting 3 inches above surface of ground. Subsurface 
mark is beer bottle buried below base of stub. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard 
cement monument projecting 2 inches above surface of ground. 
References. — 

"Craighill Channel Light (Rear ° ' 

Range)" (S 78° 44' W) o 00 

Left tree on Pooles Island 37 53 

Windmill on middle of long building 

on Pooles Island 54 00 

North peak of house with several ga- 
bles on Pooles Island 55 21 

"Pooles Island Light" 57 19 

REPERENCE sT.^Tion 168 21 

Cupola on barn 259 24 

"Craighill Channel Light (Front 

Range)" 344 34 

" Fort Howard Taller Water Tank " . 354 30 
Left one of two smokestacks at Spar- 
rows Point 359 35 i4XniiIes. 



00 9,3 s miles 

3 miles. 

2ji miles. 

2^ miles. 

00 ^}i miles. 

00 47-i6 meters. 

40 I mile. 

10 10' 4 miles. 

00 12K miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 25 

MITCHELLS BLUFF 2. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Chesajjeake Bay on Mitchells Bluff, just north of first break in 
blufif, about S/8 miles north-northeast of Tolchcstcr Beach Wliarf. (See Progress map.) 

Immediale localily. ^Observed station is in cultivated ground about 30 feet aliovc high water, 13 
yards southeast of edge of bluff, 50 yards northeast of point of gully where fishermen haul u]) gear, 70 
yards south of small clump of trees, and J4 mile northwest of a large farmhouse. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument projecting 4 
inches above surface of ground. Subsurface mark is wire in center of 2-inch tile pipe buried with top 
2 inches below base of monument. (Note: Subsurface mark is either a part or replaces the original 
one of 1896.) 

References. — 

"Craighill Channel Light (R c a r ° ' " 

Range)" (N 87° 52' W) o 00 00 8;* s miles. 

Chimney at left end of house on op- 
posite shore 57 00 6j 4 miles. 

Chimney at left end of house on 

Pooles Island 71 11 4^4 miles. 

Chimney on middle of roof of build- 
ing beyond trees 170 10 Jsniile. 

Spindle of weather vane on middle 

cupola of bam 200 28 30 J4 mile. 

Near comer of large west chimney of 

house 210 54 ,'4' mile. 

West peak of barn 260 07 ;^smile.- 

"Seven Foot Knoll Light" 330 18 30 loj^ miles. 

"Craighill Channel Light (Front 
Range)" ; . . 341 20 40 8^4 miles. 

CRAIGHILL CHANNEL LIGHT (REAR RANGE). 

General locality. — Western side of upper Chesapeake Bay, about 200 yards offshore from the south- 
western end of Hart Island. (See Chart No. 27.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a tall square pyramidal skeleton steel frame structure 
known as Craighill Channel Light (Rear Range). 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of lantern on Craighill Channel Light (Rear Range). 
References. — 

"Craighill Channel Light (Front ° ' " 

Range)" (S 0° 01' E) o 00 00 23:j: miles. 

CRAIGHILL CHANNEL LIGHT (FRONT RANGE). 

General locality. — Western side of Chesapeake Bay, about 2 miles offshore and about 2}^ miles east 
of North Point at entrance to Patapsco River. (See Chart No. 27.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is (m dwelling on cylindrical foundation known as Craighill 
Channel Light (Front Range). 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of lantern on Craighill Channel Light (Front Range). 
References. — 

"Craighill Channel Light (Rear ° ' " 
Range) " (N 0° 01' W) o 00 00 2f^ miles. 



26 Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

NORTH POINT (OLD TOWER FOUNDATION). 

General loeality. — Northern side of entrance to Patapsco River near North Point. (See Chart No. 27.) 
Immediate locality. — Observed station is on an old stone tower foundation about 150 yards offshore 
from North Point. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of foundation of stone tower formerly used as a light- 
house. 

References. — 

"Craighill Channel Light (Front o ' " 
Range)" (S 8i° 20' E) o 00 00 2> 2 miles. 

FORT HOWARD TALLER WATER TANK. 

General locality. — Nortliem side of entrance to Patapsco River about X n^'lc uorth-northwest of 
North Point. (See Chart No. 27.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is the taller of two steel water tanks on steel towers at Fort 
Howard. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of pipe attached to center of bottom of tank. 

References. — None necessary. 

CUTOFF CHANNEL LIGHT (FRONT RANGE). 

General locality. — Northern side of entrance to Patapsco River about 125 yards offshore and X mile 
west-northwest of North Point. (See Chart No. 27.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is an octagonal brick tower known as Cutoff Channel Light 
(Front Range). 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of lantern on Cutoff Channel Light (FVont Range). 
References. — 

" Cutoff Channel Light (Rear Range) " ° ' " 
(N 30° 30' W) o 00 00 i>2 ™iles. 

CUTOFF CHANNEL LIGHT (REAR RANGE). 

General locality. — Northeastern side of Patapsco River on western side of entrance to Jones Creek, 
about 1)4 miles' north-northwest of North Point and i mile east of the town of Sparrows Point. (See 
Chart No. 27.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a square pyramidal skeleton steel frame structure known 
as Cutoff Cliannel Light (Rear Range). 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of lantern on Cutoff Channel Light (Rear Range). 

References. — o / // 

Bodkin Light (Old Tower) (S2o° 12' E) o 00 00 6 miles. 

ROCK POINT. 

General locality. — Southwestern shore of Patapsco River on Rock Point at southeastern side of 
entrance to Rock Creek and about 2^ miles southwest of North Point. (See Chart No. 27.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is near the extreme end of point about 12 yards from sea 
wall, and 70 yards soutlaeast of a small tower. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — 

"Seven Foot Knoll Light" (S 78° ' ° ' " 

17' E) o 00 00 3J^ miles. 

" Bodkin Point (Old Tower) " 25 43 3J^ miles. 

Small tower 194 00 70 yards. 

Outer " White Rocks" 211 07 ^ mile. 

Water tower on opposite shore 291 27 2 j^ miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 27 

BODKIN POINT (OLD TOWER). 

General locality. —Southern side of entrance to Bodkin Creek on Bodkin Point. (See Progress map.) 
Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 15 yards east of an old stone dwelling on top of an 
old tower formerly used as a lighthouse. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of drill hole about 2 inches in diameter and 3 inches deep in 
stone platform on and near center of top of tower. 
References. — 

"Seven Foot Knoll Light" (N 30° o / /, 
04' E) o 00 00 I J^ miles. 

SEVEN-FOOT KNOLL LIGHT. 

General locality. — Western side of Chesapeake Bay off entrance to Patapsco River about 2\4 miles 
north-northeast of Bodkin Point and ^yi miles southeast of North Point. (See Chart No. 27.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on an octagonal screw pile structure known as Seven- F^oot 
Knoll Lighthouse. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of lantern on Seven-F'oot Iviioll Light. 
References. — 

"Bodkin Point (Old Tower)" (830° ° ' " 
03' W) o 00 00 lyi miles. 

SWAN POINT 3. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay on Swan Point about 5'2 miles south-southwest 
of Tolchester Beach Wharf and 7 miles north of Love -Point. (See Progress map.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is 0:1 sand and marsh point about 2 feet above high water, 
5 feet east of shore, 60 yards south-southwest of a fisherman's cabin, and 250 yards from tlic extreme end 
of Swan Point. Cement monument marking old reference station is in marsh 21.43 meters N 8g° 13' E of 
observed station. Standard cement monument marking new reference station is on line to old reference 
station 13.26 meters N 89° 13' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is yi-inch copper rod set in an 8-inch square cement monument with 
top about 5 inches below surface of ground. Subsurface mark is the neck of a flask set in cement about 
4 feet below the surface. New reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monu- 
ment. Old reference station is eastern one of two ^4-inch copper rods in an 8-ineh cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Love Point Light" (S 2° 11' W). . . o 00 00 5^^ miles. 

"Baltimore Light" 46 07 00 Similes. 

Stack on garbage plant at Bodkin 

Point 82 21 8X miles. 

" Seven- Foot Knoll Light".. 95 04 50 7 miles. 

Left stack at Sparrows Point in 12 12X miles. 

" Fort Howard Taller Water Tank" . . 112 28 20 gj^ miles. 

"Craighill Channel Light (Front 

Range)" 114 59 50 7 miles. 

"Craighill Channel Light (Rear 

Range)" 131 

Chimney of cabin 203 

Gable of Rockliall Wharf house 264 07 

Old reference station 267 

New REFERENCE STATION 

(standard cement monument). 267 02 20 13.26 meters. 

Chimney of house to right of Wind- 
mill Point 292 

Gable of bam 303 

Gable of bam near Wickes Beach . . . 340 



46 20 . . . 


... 8K miles. 


54 


... 58 yards. 


07 


... I mile. 


02 20 . . . 


. . . 21.43 meters. 



12 


2 miles. 


49 •■ • 


2>^ miles. 


52 .. . 


714 miles. 



BOUNDARIES OF OYSTER BARS. 

EXPLANATION. 

The law of the United vStates authorizing the cooperation of the Department of 
Commerce and Labor in the survey of natural oyster bars of Maryland provides for the 
designation and employment by the Department of Commerce and Labor of such officers, 
experts, and other technically qualified persons "as may be necessary to cooperate with 
the Maryland State Board of Shell Fish Commissioners in making a survey of and 
locating the natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of 
Maryland." The oyster laws of Maryland provide that the Maryland Shell Fish Com- 
missioners, with the aid of such persons as may be designated by the Government, shall 
proceed "to have laid out, surveyed, and designated on the said charts the natural 
beds and bars, and shall cause to be marked and defined as accurately as practicable 
the limits and boundaries of the natural beds, bars, and rocks as established by said 
survey, and they shall take true and accurate notes of said survey in writing, and make 
an accurate report of said survey, setting forth such a description of landmarks as may 
be necessary to enable the said board, or their successors, to find and ascertain the 
boundary hues of the said natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks, as shown by a delinea- 
tion on the maps and charts." The oyster laws of Maryland also provide in another 
section that there shall "be made a true and accurate survey of the natural oyster 
beds, bars, and rocks * * * with reference to fixed and permanent objects on the 
shore, giving courses and distances, to be fully described and set out in a written report 
of said survey." 

Under the provisions of the laws quoted above the State of Maryland, in coopera- 
tion with the Department of Commerce and Labor, must define the boundaries of the 
natural oyster bars "as accurately as practicable" and also "with reference to fixed and 
permanent objects on the shore, giving courses and distances." The requirement of 
"as accurately as practicable" is easily fulfilled by definition of the location of the 
corners of the oyster bars by latitude and longitude. In fact, this method is probably 
the most satisfactory and accurate one that could be used for all purposes of legal 
definition or for relocation of the oyster-bar boundaries by competent engineers. There- 
fore the additional requirement of "giving courses and distances" is superfluous and 
is only fulfilled in the published definitions on account of the specific provisions of the 
law making it compulsory. This part of the description of boundaries has involved 
an immense amount of extra computations in order to prevent technical discrepancies 
between the latitude and longitude of a corner of an oyster bar and its distance and 
bearing from objects on shore of known latitude and longitude without adding anything 
to the accuracy and very little to the convenience of practical use of the descriptions 
of the oyster-bar boundaries. 

As provided by law the boundaries of the oyster bars are all straight lines, but in 
the work already completed they have inclosed areas of all shapes from triangles to 
28 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 29 

complicated 14-sided figures, and of all sizes from 4 acres to 7,548 acres. The sides 
have varied in length from 93 to 7,529 yards, and in some cases the corners of the 
boundaries have been practically at the triangulation stations from which they are 
located, while in other instances they were over 13,600 yards from the landmarks most 
available for the purpose of fixing their position. 

The varied characteristics of the legal boundaries of the oyster bars indicated by 
the above statement, together with the complicated requirements of the law under 
which the survey has been made and the magnitude of the work with the consequent 
need of fixed and uniform methods, have made the problem of describing the boundaries 
one of considerable difiiculty and great importance. 

The boundaries of the oyster bars of Maryland, as established by the Shell Fish 
Commission and delineated on the Coast and Geodetic Survey charts and projections 
and on the leasing charts of the commission, are technically defined and described by a 
method somewhat different from that used in other oyster surveys. But it is believed 
that the forms finally adopted will fulfill all needs of the survey for both the present 
and the future. 

METHOD OF DESCRIBING BOUNDARIES. 

The descriptions have been arranged in tabular form, thus avoiding man}- hundred 
repetitions of the same words by making one explanation of the tables sufficient for all 
oyster bars in each county. 

Title. — At the top of each tabular form is given the legal name of the oyster bar to 
be described, and the one by which it is known and designated in the published oyster 
records and on the oyster charts. The adopted name of the oyster bar is the one used 
locally, as nearly as could be ascertained by the hydrographic engineer of the commis- 
sion; and when there was no local name in common use a name was selected from one 
of the prominent features of the vicinity that would naturally suggest the section of 
the waters where the oyster bar was located. 

Underneath the name, in parentheses, is given the general locaHty of the oyster 
bar and the serial number of the "Maryland Oyster Chart " on which its legal boundaries 
are shown.' 

First column. — This column, under the heading of "Corner of bar," gives the number 
corresponding to the corner of the boundary as shown on the charts and to the number 
on the buoy marking the actual corner of the bar. The numbers of the corners have 
been assigned by naming the southernmost point No. i, thence proceeding in a clock- 
wise direction around the bar. Where a corner of one oyster bar is identical with the 
corner of the boundaries of one or more other oyster bars, only the number of the corner 
of the oyster bar being described in the table is given in this column. 

Second and third columns. — These two columns, under the headings of "Latitude" 
and "Longitude," give the geographic positions of the corners. These positions have 
been adopted by the commission as the primary technical definition of the location of 
the corners, and should be considered as final in case of a dispute arising from discrep- 
ancies caused by other means of location. The latitudes and longitudes given in these 
columns are based on the United States standard datum of the Coast and Geodetic 

' These charts can be obtained by application to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey at Washington, D. C. 



30 Suruey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

Survey, and the points thus defined can be relocated from distant triangulation stations 
of the survey, even though all the landmarks and buoys originally used for their loca- 
tion have been destroyed by natural or other causes. 

Fourth and fijth column?. — ^These two columns, under the general heading of ' ' True 
bearing" ' and the specific headings "Forward" and "Back," give bearings measured 
from a true north-and-south line. The three "Forward" bearings are from the corner 
of the boundary designated in the first column to the triangulation stations named on 
the corresponding lines in the last column, and the three "Back" bearings are from 
these same stations in the last column to the corresponding corner of boundary in the 
first column. The difference in minutes of arc between the forward and back bearings 
shown in some cases is actual and not accidental, and is due to the fact that the com- 
putations took into account the spheroidal shape of the earth. 

Sixth column. — This column, under the heading of "Distance," gives the three 
computed distances in yards from the corner of the bar noted in the first column to the 
three triangulation stations named on the corresponding lines in the last column, and 
vice versa. 

Seventh column. — This column, under the heading of "U. S. C. & G. S. triangulation 
station,"^ gives the names of the landmarks from which were computed the corre- 
sponding "Latitude," "Longitude," "True bearing," and "Distance" of the "Corner 
of the bar" designated in the first column. A full description of the location and 
markings of these triangulation stations is given in another part of this publication 
under the heading of "Descriptions of triangulation stations." 

SURVEYING METHODS JPOR RELOCATION OF BOUNDARIES. 

There are a number of methods that can be used in the relocation of the actual 
boundaries of the natural oyster bars as technically described in this publication and 
delineated on the published charts of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and the leasing 
charts of the Shell Fish Commission. 

The following brief descriptions of five of these more or less different methods 
assume a certain amount of experience and knowledge on the part of the engineer in 
the particular kind of surveying under consideration, and are only intended as reminders 
of wa5'S and means that can be used. 

There are two problems that are likely to present themselves to those interested in 
the boundaries of natural oyster bars: one, to determine whether the buoys marking 
the corners have been dragged or otherwise moved from their correct positions, and the 
other, to relocate or reestablish a buoy at the point from which it was removed. The 
different ways of solving these two problems partly depend upon the instruments 
possessed by the engineer and his assistants and partly on his training and experience. 

(i) Triangulation. — This method is the one that will give the greatest accuracy, 
but on account of its requiring special data and instruments, and being an operation 
rarely used by engineers not engaged in geodetic surveying, it is recommended only for 
cases in dispute that can not be settled satisfactorily by some other method. An 
explanation of this class of work would be too long for a report of this sort, and those 



' The mean magnetic variation for Baltimore County was 6° 15' west ot north in 1911 and increasing at the rate of s' yearly. 
' Geographic positions of these triangulation stations can be obtained by application to the Superintendent of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey. Washington, D. C. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 31 

not familiar with this method are referred to the pubUcations on the subject by the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

(2) Hydrographic. — This method is the most simple and satisfactory one that can 
be adopted if the surveyor can obtain the use of the necessary instruments and assistants. 
It is the one best suited for the work of the engineers of the commission in relocating 
corners of boundaries, as it gives results of the accuracy ordinarily required and is rapid 
in execution. Besides, it has the advantage of being available whenever three triangu- 
lation stations of suitable relative positions are visible from the offshore points needing 
relocation. 

Most navigators and others familiar with the use of a sextant are well acquainted 
with the graphic three-point method of fixing a position on water, and only a brief 
description of the operation will be stated. 

In the case where there is only one engineer having a single sextant, the three-point 
method can be used if the two angles determining the position of a buoy are first derived 
from the "Forward" bearings given in the tabular forms describing the boundaries of 
the oyster bars. For example, take "Tea Table" oyster bar, which is the first one 
described in this publication, and assume that "Corner No. 3," is to be examined as to 
its position. The angle between the two landmarks "Pooles Island 2" and "Craighill 
Channel lyight (rear range)" as determined from right to left from the forward bearings 
from this corner is 122° 06' and the angle between " Craighill Channel Light (rear range) " 
and "Swan Point 3" is 86° 06'. Having these two angles, the engineer proceeds to the 
buoy of doubtful location and measures the actual sextant angles between the landmarks 
for which the calculations were made. If the measured and calculated angles do not 
agree, the buoy is not in its correct position and the boundary corner must be relocated. 
This is accomplished bj' moving the boat about until a point is reached where the angles 
do agree, and this point being the desired location, the buoy can be placed in its correct 
position. 

If the engineer can obtain the use of both a sextant and a three-arm protractor 
(position finder), the availability of the hydrographic method is increased, as the use 
of the protractor is essential in case of the washing away or destruction of one or more 
of the landmarks originally used in describing the boundaries. Under these circum- 
stances, any three landmarks of suitable relative position that are visible from the point 
to be located can be utilized. For example, the engineer can proceed to the buoy of 
doubtful position and measure the two adjacent sextant angles between the three land- 
marks selected. These two angles are set off on the three-arm protractor and the actual 
position of the buoy plotted on the chart by shifting the protractor about until the edge 
of each of the three arms passes through the center of the symbols on the chart marking 
the position of the three landmarks selected. The center of the hub of the protractor 
will indicate on the chart the actual position of the buoy, and if the point thus obtained 
does not coincide with the true position of the corner of the boundary as given on the 
chart, the surveyor can proceed to locate the buoy correctly by reversing the operation. 
This is done by placing the center point of the hub of the protractor over the corner of 
the boundary in question and measuring on the chart the two adjacent protractor angles 
between the three selected landmarks. One of the angles thus obtained is set on the 
sextant and the boat moved about until the two landmarks are shown by the sextant to 
subtend the same angle obtained from the protractor. The second angle is then placed 



32 Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

on the sextant and the same operation gone through, and so on, first using one angle on 
the sextant, then the other, until a point is reached where both observed sextant angles 
are practicall}' identical with the protractor angles. The point thus located is the desired 
one and the buoy can be placed to mark the true position of the corner of the boundary 
in question. 

If the engineer possesses two sextants and a protractor, this problem is far easier of 
solution, as the two angles can be set off on separate se.xtants and the observer can 
quickly find the desired point where they agree with the protractor angles by using one 
sextant after the other without the need of resetting either. 

If there are two observers, two sextants, and a protractor, it can be seen that the 
best conditions for both rapid and accurate hydrographic location of a point is attained. 
In fact, this is the method by which the buoys at the corners of the boundaries were 
originally placed by the hydrographic engineer to the commission. 

(3) Magnetic bearings from offshore. — This method of fixing a position on water is 
a simple and well-known one in navigation. It is available to anyone having a boat 
compass and will be of special use to the State fishery force in investigating cases where 
buoys are supposed to have been moved for illegal purposes. 

In the case where a buoy is supposed to have been moved from its true position the 
observer can take compass bearings to the three landmarks given in the last column of 
the tables opposite the boundary corner in question. These bearings are then corrected 
for the local declination,' and if the results agree with the published bearings the buoy 
is correctly located. 

In the case where the buoy is not in its correct position, or has disappeared altogether, 
the desired point can be determined by maneuvering the vessel until the corrected bear- 
ings agree with the ones in the tabular descriptions, when the buoy can be anchored in its 
proper location. 

In the case where the landmarks for which the bearings are published have been 
destroyed or washed away, any landmarks whose positions are indicated on the charts 
can be used. This can be done by getting their bearings directly from the chart by 
parallel rulers or a protractor and then applying these new bearings in the same manner 
as the ones published in the tables. 

(4) Magnetic bearings from shore. — This method will be of special value to engineers 
having an ordinary surveyor's compass. The compass can be set over the point marking 
a " triangulation station" on shore, the name of which is given in the last column opposite 
the "corner" in question. The instrument is then set at the corresponding "back" 
bearing (corrected for local magnetic decHnation) given in the fifth column of the tables 
opposite the "corner" in question. The direction thus determined will give one* range 
on which the desired point must be located. The compass can then be moved to a 
second triangulation station and another range located in a similar manner. The inter- 
section of these two range lines will give the desired point ; but in general it should be 
checked by an additional range line determined from a third station. 

(5) Horizontal angles measured at landmarks. — This process is a modification of the 
triangulation method, and will be useful to engineers who have a transit and desire 
considerable accuracy. 



* The mean magnetic variation for Baltimore County is 6* 15' west of north in 1911 and increasing at the rate of 5' yearly. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 



33 



The instrument is placed over a " triangulation station," the name of which appears 
in the last column of the tabular description opposite the "corner" in question. The 
telescope is then pointed to the landmark indicated in the "Descriptions of landmarks" 
as having a direction of o° oo' oo" from the triangulation station being occupied by the 
transit. The tabular description of the boundaries is next examined and the "back" 
bearing of the questionable boundary "corner" from the landmark being occupied is 
taken out. The angle calculated from this "back" bearing and the bearing given in 
parentheses alongside the zero landmark in the "Descriptions of landmarks" is then 
set off on the transit and a range line established on which the desired point must be 
located. A similar process is then carried on at a second station, and so on until the 
position of the buoy is satisfactoril)' fixed. 



BOUND.'^RIES OF NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 

TEA TABLE. 
{Chesapeake Bay — Chart No. 27.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


United States Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey triangulation 
station 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 




/ /, 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 II 15-97 


76 20 55. 05 


N 40 59 W 
N 88 40 W 
S 55 r, w 


S 41 00 E 
S 88 41 E 
N 55 30 E 


6,635 

4,353 
6,948 


Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Front Range). 
Seven Foot Knoll Light. 


2 


39 13 44-98 


76 18 37. 80 


N 32 17 E 
S 89 S4 w 

S 58 15 W 


S 32 18 W 
N 89 51 E 

N 58 12 E 


8,413 
7,951 

9,351 


Pooles Island 2 . 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Front Range). 


3 


39 14 27.97 


76 17 21.27 


N 23 43 E 
S 81 37 W 

S 4 29 E 


S 23 44 W 
N 81 33 E 

N 4 29 W 


6, 184 
10, 065 

11,999 


Pooles Island 2. . 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
vSwan Point 3 . 


4 


39 14 19-47 


76 17 12.25 


N 20 44 E 
S 83 26 W 

S 3 26 E 


S 20 45 w 
N 83 20 E 

N 3 26 W 


6,360 
10, 261 

11,697 


Pooles Island 2. 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Swan Point 3. 


5 


39 II 37- 54 


76 ig 11.77 


N 58 42 W 

S 61 08 w 
S 31 43 E 


S 58 44 E 

N 61 04 E 
N 31 41 W 


8,263 

9, 640 
7,304 


Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
Swan Point 3. 



34 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

BOUNDARIES OF NATURAi, OYSTER BARS — Continued. 

MILLERS ISLAND. 

{Chesapeake Bay — Chart No. 27.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


United States Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey triaagulation 
station 


ot 
bar 


Forward 


Back 




/ // 


/ // 


/ 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


39 12 42.80 


76 20 54. 83 


N 64 28 W 

S 57 02 w 
S 37 53 E 


S 64 30 E 

N 57 00 E 
N 37 50 W 


4.827 
5> 194 
10, 660 


Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Front Range). 
Swan Point 3. 


2 


39 12 57- 17 


76 21 00. 00 


N 69 16 W 
S 51 54 W 
S 36 54 E 


S 69 18 E 
N 51 52 E 
N 36 52 W 


4>5I2 
5.364 
II, 127 


Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Front Range). 
Swan Point 3. 


3 


39 13 08. 45 


76 20 11.73 


N 77 30 W 
S 56 05 W 
S 30 16 E 


S 77 32 E 
N 56 02 E 
N 30 14 W 


5,620 
6,615 
10, 742 


Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Front Range). 
Swan Point 3. 


4 


39 12 54- 00 


76 20 05. 95 


N 73 II W 
S 60 24 W 
S 30 54 E 


S 73 13 E 

N 60 22 E 
N 30 53 W 


5,89° 
6,486 
10, 246 


Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Front Range). 
Swan Point 3. 



MAN O'WAR SHOALS. 
(Chesapeake Bay — Chart No. 27.) 



I 


39 10 45- 95 


76 21 


00. 00 


N 35 01 W 

S 62 28 W 
S 56 12 E 


S 35 03 E 

N 62 27 E 
N 56 10 W 


7.355 

6,313 
8, 040 


Craighill Channel' Light 

(Rear Range). 
Seven Foot Knoll Light. 
Swan Point 3. 


2 


39 10 49. 50 


76 23 


40-30 


N 09 W 

N 61 47 W 


S 09 E 
S 61 49 E 


5.901 
5.673 


Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Fort Howard Taller 

Water Tank. 












S 24 35 W 


N 24 35 E 


3.341 


Seven Foot Knoll Light. 


3 


39 II 16. 18 


76 23 


40. 00 


N 16 W 

N 70 24 W 


S 16 E 
S 70 26 E 


5. 000 
5.315 


Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Fort Howard Taller 

Water Tank. 












S 19 33 W 


N 19 32 E 


4,179 


Seven Foot Knoll Light. 


4 


39 II 16. 20 


76 21 


37-65 


N 32 53 W 
N 88 20 W 

S 49 30 w 


S 32 54 E 
S 88 21 E 
N 49 28 E 


5.956 
3.234 
6, 064 


Craighill Channel Light 

(Rear Range). 
Craighill Channel Light 

(Front Range). 
Seven Foot Knoll Light. 



APPENDIXES. 



Appendix A.— LAWS RELATING TO THE COOPERATION OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC 
SURVEY AND BUREAU OF FISHERIES WITH THE MARYLAND SHELL FISH COM- 
MISSION. 

The work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries, in cooperation with 
the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, in surveying the oyster bars, establishing permanent landmarks 
at triangulation stations, and preparing for publication the necessar>' charts and technical and legal 
descriptions of boundaries and landmarks shown on these charts, has been executed in compliance with 
a request from the governor of the State of Mar>land to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, and by 
the authority of the following laws of the United States and Maryland: 

[Act of Congress approved May 26. 1906. 1 

AN ACT To authorize the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to cooperate, through the Bureau of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
and the Bureau of Fisheries, with the shellfish commissioners of the State of Maryland in making surveys of the natural 
oyster beds, bars, and rocks iu the waters within the State of Marjdand. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Slates of America in Congress 
assembled, That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed, 
upon the request of the govenior of the State of Maryland, to designate such officers, experts, and 
employees of the Bureau of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries as may be 
necessary to cooperate with the Maryland State board of shellfish commissioners in making a survey 
of and locating the natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of Marj-land; 
and the Secretar>' of Commerce and Labor is hereby authorized and directed to furnish to the officers, 
experts, and employees of said Biu'eaus so detailed as aforesaid such instruments, appliances, and 
steam launches as may be necessarj- to make the survey aforesaid; and the Secretary of Commerce 
and Labor is hereby authorized to have made in the Bureau of the Coast and Geodetic Survey all the 
plats necessary to show the results of the aforesaid survey and the locations of the said natural oyster 
beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland, and to furnish to the board of shell- 
fish commissioners of the State of Maryland such copies as may be necessary, and for this purpose to 
employ, in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, such technically qualified persons as may be 
necessary to carry out the purpose of this act. 

Sec. 2. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is hereby further authorized to have erected 
or constructed by the officers so detailed as aforesaid, while making such survey, such structures as 
may be necessary to mark the points of triangulation, so that the same may be used for such future 
work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey as the said Bureau may be hereafter required to perform in 
prosecuting the Government coast survey of the navigable waters of the United States located within 
the State of Maryland. 

Sec. 4. That this act shall take effect from the date of its passage. 



I 



[Act of Congress approved June 30. 1906.] 

AN ACT Making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen 
hundred and seven, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress 
assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and seven, namely: * * * 

Coast and Geodetic Survey; * * * For any special surveys * * * including the 
expenditures authorized under Public Act Numbered One hundred and eighty-one, approved May 

35 



36 Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred and six, and contingent expenses incident thereto, five thousand dollars, 
together with the unexpended balance under this appropriation for nineteen hundred and six and 
prior years which is hereby reappropriated and made available on this account for the fiscal year 
nineteen hundred and seven * * *. 



[Act of Congress approved March 4, 1907.] 

AN ACT Making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of tlie Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen 
hundred and eight, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress 
assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eight, namely: * * * 

Coast and Geodetic Survey: * * * For any special surveys * * * including expenses 
of surveys in aid of the shellfish commission of the State of Mar>dand, to be immediately available 
and to continue available imtil expended, twenty-five thousand dollars * * *. 



[Act of Congress approved May 27, 1908.] 

AN ACT Making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen 
hundred and nine, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress 
assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and nine, namely: * * * 

Coast and Geodetic Survey: * * * por any special surveys * * * including expenses 
of surveys in aid of the shellfish commission of the State of Maryland, which expenses, including cost 
of plats and charts, shall not exceed fifteen thousand dollars in any one year, to be immediately avail- 
able, twenty thousand dollars. 



[Act of Congress approved March 4. 1909.] 

AN ACT Making appropriation for sundry civil expenses of the Goverament for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen 
hundred and ten. and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress 
■assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed, for tlie fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and ten, namely: * * * 

Coast and Geodetic Survey: * * * For any special surveys * * * including expenses 
of surveys in aid of the shellfish commission of the State of Maryland, which expenses, including cost 
of plats and charts, shall not exceed fifteen thousand dollars in any one year, to be immediately avail- 
able, twenty thousand dollars. 



[Act of Congress approved Jime 25, rgio.] 

AN ACT Making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen 
hundred and eleven, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress 
assembled. That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eleven, namely: * * * 

Coast and Geodetic Survey: * * * For any special siu^eys * * * including expenses 
of surveys in aid of the shellfish commission of the State of Maryland, to be immediately available, 
fifteen thousand dollars. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 37 

[Act of Congress approved March 4. 191 1.) 

AN ACT Making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal yearending June thirtieth, nineteen 
hundred and twelve, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United Stales of America in Congress 
assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed , for tlie fiscal year ending June thirtieth , nineteen hundred and twelve , namely : * * * 

Co.^ST AND Geodetic Survey: * * * For any special surveys * * * including expenses 
of surveys in aid of the shellfish commission of the State of Maryland, to be immediately available, 
thirteen thousand dollars * * *. 

[Act of the IvCgisIature of Maryland approved April 2, 1906.] 

AN ACT To establish and promote the industry of oyster culture in Maryland, to define and mark natural oyster beds, bars 
and rocks lying under the waters of this State, to prescribe penalties for the infringement of the provisions of this Act. 
and * * *. 

Section i. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the following sections be, and 
they are hereby, added to article 72 of the Code of Public General Laws, title "Oysters." * * * 

Sec. 86. The Board of Shell Fish Commissioners shall, as soon as practicable after the passage of 
this Act, cause to be made a true and accurate survey of the natural oyster beds, bars and rocks of 
this State, said survey to be made with reference to fixed and permanent objects on the shore, giving 
courses and distances, to be fully described and set out in a written report of said survey, as hereinafter 
required. A true and accurate delineation of the same shall be made on copies of published maps and 
charts of the United States coast and geodetic survey, which said copies shall be filed in the office of 
the said commissioners in the city of Annapolis, and the said commissioners shall further cause to be 
delineated upon copies of the published maps and charts of the United States coast and geodetic survey, 
of the largest scale, one copy for each of the counties of this State in the waters of which there are 
natural oyster beds, bars and rocks, all natural beds, bars and rocks lying within the waters of such 
county, which maps shall be filed in the offices of the clerks of the Circuit Court for the respective 
counties wherein the grounds so designated may lie * * *. 

Sec. 87. The Governor of this State is hereby requested to ask the assistance of the United States 
coast and geodetic survey, and of the United States Fish Commissioner, to aid in the carrying out of 
the provisions of the preceding section. 

Sec. 8g. As soon as practicable after the first day of April, 1906, the said commissioners shall 
organize, and shall at once proceed, with the assistance of such person or persons as may be detailed by 
the United States coast and geodetic survey and the United States Fish Commissioner, to aid them 
in their work, and of such persons as may be appointed under the preceding section, to have laid out, 
surveyed and designated on the said charts, the natural beds and bars, and shall cause to be marked 
and defined as accurately as practicable the limits and boundaries of the natural beds, bars, and rocks 
as established by said survey, and they shall take true and accurate notes of said survey in writing, 
and make an accurate report of said survey, setting forth such a description of landmarks as may be 
necessary to enable the said board, or their successors, to find and ascertain the boundary lines of the 
said natural oyster beds, bars and rocks, as shown by a delineation on the maps and charts provided 
in this Act: said report shall be completed and filed in the office of the board in the city of Annapolis 
within ninety daj's after the completion of the survey of any county. Said commissioners shall cause 
the same to be published in pamphlet form, and transmit copies of the said to the Clerks of the Circuit 
court for the respective counties, where the charts have been filed or directed to be filed as hereinafter 
provided, the said report to be filed by the clerks of the several counties in a book kept for that purpose . 
And the said survey and report, when filed, subject to the right of appeal hereafter provided for in tliis 
Act, shall be taken in all of the courts of this State as conclusive evidence of the boundaries and limits 
of all natural oyster beds, bars and rocks, lying within the waters of the county wherein such survey and 
report are filed, and shall be construed to mean in all of the said courts that there are no natural 
oyster beds, bars or rocks lying within the waters of the cotmties wherein such report and survey are 
filed other than those embraced in the survey authorized by this Act, and that all areas of the Chesa- 
peake Bay and its tributaries within the State of Maryland, not shown in the survey to be natural 
oyster beds, bars or rocks shall be construed in all the courts of the State to be barren bottoms and 
open for disposal by the State for the piu^ose of private planting or propagation of oysters thereon 



38 Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

under the provisions of this Act, provided, that the said survey and report shall not be construed as to 
affect in any manner the holdings by citizens of this State in any lot which may have been appropriated 
or taken up under the laws of this vState prior to the approval of this Act. 

The law of the State of Marjdand, passed March g, 1842, authorizing officers of the United States 
Coast and Geodetic Survey to enter upon the lands within the State limits for the purposes of the 

survey, is as follows: 

AN ACT Concerning the Survey of the Coast of Marj-faud. 

Section i. Be it enacted fcv the General Assembly of Maryland, That it shall and may be lawful for 
any person or persons employed under and by virtue of an act of the Congress of the United States, 
* * * at any time hereafter to enter upon lands within this State for the purpose of exploring, sur- 
veying, triangulating, or leveling, or doing any other matter or thing which may be necessary to effect 
the objects of said act, and to erect any works, stations, buildings, or appendages requisite for that 
purpose, doing no unnecessary injury to private or other property. 

Sec. 2.' And be it enacted, That in case the person or persons employed under the act of Congress 
aforesaid, can not agree with the owners or possessors of the land so entered upon and used as to the 
amount of damage done thereto by reason of the removal of fences, cutting of trees or injury to the 
crop or crops growing on the same, it shall and may be lawful for the said parties or either of them to 
apply to the chief justice for the time being or one of the associate judges of the judicial district in 
which such land may be situated, who shall thereupon appoint three disinterested and judicious free- 
holders, residents of the same judicial district, to proceed with as much despatch as possible to the 
examination of the matter in question, and the faithful assessment of the damages sustained by the 
owners or possessors aforesaid, and the .said freeholders or a majority of them, having first taken and 
subscribed an oath or affirmation before the chief or associate justice aforesaid or other person duly 
authorized to administer the same, that they will well and truly examine and assess as aforesaid, and 
having given five days' notice to both parties of the time of their meeting, shall proceed to the spot, and 
then and there upon their own view and if required, upon the evidence of witnesses (to be by them 
sworn or affirmed and examined), shall assess the said damages, and shall afterward make report thereof 
and of their proceedings in writing under their hands and seals and file the same within five days 
thereafter in the office of the clerk of the county in which the land aforesaid is situated, subject to 
an appeal by either party to the county court of the said county within ten days after filing as afore- 
said, and the said report so made as aforesaid if no appeal as aforesaid be taken, shall be held to be 
final and conclusive as between the said parties, and the amount so assessed and reported shall be 
paid to the said owners or possessors of the land so damaged within twenty days after the filing of said 
report, and the said chief or associate justice as aforesaid, shall have authority to tax and allow upon 
the filing of said report, such costs, fees and expenses to the said freeholders for the performance of 
their duty as he shall think equitable and just, which allowance shall be paid by the person or persons 
employed under the act of congress aforesaid, within the time last above limited, but if an appeal as 
aforesaid be taken, the case shall be set down for hearing at the first term of county court aforesaid, 
ensuing upon and after appeal, and it shall be lawful for either party immediately after the entry of 
such appeal, to take out summons for such witnesses as may be necessary to be examined upon the 
hearing aforesaid, and the said court shall have power in its discretion to award costs against which 
ever the final judgment shall be entered, and such appeal at the option of either party may and shall 
be heard before and the damage assessed by a jury of twelve men to be taken from the regular panel 
and elected as in other cases. 

Sec. 3. And he it enacted. That if any person or persons shall wilfully injure or deface or remove 
any signal, monument or building or any appendage thereto, erected, used or constructed under and 
by virtue of the act of congress aforesaid, such person or persons so offending shall severally forfeit and 
pay the sum of fifty dollars with costs of suit to be sued for and recovered by any person who shall first 
prosecute the same before any justice of the jjcace of the county where the person so offending may 
reside, and shall also be liable to pay the amount of damages thereby sustained, to be recovered with 
costs of suit in an action on the case, in the name and for the use of the United States of America, 
in any court of competent jurisdiction. 

> Under the rulings of the Comptroller of the Treasury no damages can be collected except through the United States Court 
of Claims unless an agreement has been made in advance. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 39 

Appendix B.— THE HAMAN OYSTER CULTURE LAW. 

[Extract from Second Report ot Shell Fish Commission.] 

OBJECT. 

" The legislature in placing chapter 7 1 1 of the acts of 1906, better known as the Haman oyster culture 
law, upon the statute books of Maryland, had a twofold object in view: 

"i. To encourage an industry in oyster culture upon the barren bottoms beneath the tidewaters 
of the State. 

"2. To prevent the leasing of natural oyster bars for the purpose of oyster culture." 



" To make the leasing of barren bottoms possible and the leasing ot natural bars impossible, provision 
was made for a survey of the natural bars for the purpose of accutately locating and marking the same. 
It was definitely provided that no barren bottoms should be leased in any part of the State until the 
natural bars of that region had been surveyed, charted, and marked with buoys." 

Definition op a Naturai, Oyster Bar. 

natural bar not defined. 

" The Shell Fish Commission is instructed by section 90 of the Haman oyster culture law to exercise 
its judgment liberally in favor of the natural bars when surveying, charting, and buoying them, but 
other than this the commission is uninstructed in this important matter. The responsibility of defining 
a natural bar is placed upon tlie commission." 

DIVERSITY OF opinion. 

" No definition of a natural oyster bar could be formulated by any man or body of men which would 
meet with the approval of all parties concerned. Oystermen, as a rule, hold that all bottoms where oys- 
ters grow or have grown naturally, even though now practically barren of oysters, should be considered 
natural bars. Other citizens of the State, who are not directly interested in the oyster business but 
interested in the oyster industry from the standpoint of revenue, hold, as a rule, that no bottoms should 
be excluded from leasing for oyster culture which by methods known to oyster cultvuists may be made 
to yield a greater number of oysters than they now produce. 

" It should be evident to everyone that neither of these definitions could be adopted by the com- 
mission as a working basis for determining which of the grounds surveyed are natural oyster bars." 

THE GOLDSBOROUGH DEFINITION. 

The definition of a natural oyster bar which very nearly approaches a reasonable and satisfactory 
compromise between the views of the subject held by oystermen on one hand and by oyster culturists 
on the other is that contained in an opinion rendered by Judge Charles F. Goldsborough in the circuit 
court for Dorchester County in the July term, 1881, in the case of William T. Windsor and George R. 
Todd V. Job T. Moore. 

This definition has been adopted by the Shell Fish Commission as the basis for the determination 
of the status of the various oyster bottoms surveyed, and is as follows: 

What, then, is a natural bar or bed of oysters? It would be a palpable absurdity for the State to 
attempt to promote the propagation and growth of oysters and to encourage its citizens, by a grant of 
land, to engage in their culture, if the lands authorized to be taken up were only those upon which 
oysters do not and can not be made to grow. That there may be lands covered by water in the State 
where no oysters can be found, but where, if planted, they could be cultivated successfully, may be 
possible; but if so, I imagine that their extent must be too limited for them to be of much practical 
general advantage for the purposes of such a law as the one under discussion; but tliere are thousands 
of acres of hard and shifting sands where oysters not only are not found, but where it would be folly to 
plant them, and these latter it can not be supposed that the State intended to offer to give away, for 
the simple reason that the State could not help knowing that nobody would have them. 

Upon the other hand there are large and numerous tracts where oysters of natural growth may 
be found in moderate numbers, but not in quantities sufficient to make it profitable to catch them, 
and yet where oysters may be successfully planted and propagated. In my opinion these can not be 



40 Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 

called natural bars or beds of oysters within the meaning of the act of assembly, and it is just such lands 
as these that the State meant to allow to be taken up under the provisions of the above-mentioned 
section of the act. 

But there is still another class of lands where oysters grow naturally and in large quantities and 
to which the public are now and have been for many years in the habit of resorting with a view to 
earning a livelihood by catching this natural growth, and here, I think, is the true test of the whole 
question. Land can not be said to be a natural oyster bar or bed merely because oysters are scattered 
here and there upon it and because if planted they will readily live and thrive there; but whenever 
the natural growth is so thick and abundant that the public resort to it for a livelihood, it is a natural 
oyster bar or bed and comes within the above-quoted restriction in the law, and can not be located or 
appropriated by any individual. 

APPLICATION OF DEFINITION. 

Before this definition may be of use in determining accurately and scientifically the status of an 
oyster ground, its central idea, "livelihood," must be expanded into accurately determinable factors, 
and these factors must be combined into a practical scheme of investigating the condition of the ground 
under consideration. 

Stated briefly, a livelihood is represented by a sum of money obtained from the sale, at a fixed price, 
of a certain quantity of oysters gathered in a given time from an allotted area of grovmd. 

Knowing the value of each of these factors, it becomes possible to calculate the number of oysters 
an oyster ground must produce per square yard in order that oystermen may secure a livelihood by 
working upon it. 

Note. — The factors into which the commission resolved the livelihood problem, the value assigned 
to each factor, and the scheme devised for practical use in examining and applying the definition to 
oyster bottoms are given in outline in their second report under tlie heading of the preceding extract, 
and in detail in their first report on pages 32 to 69. 



Appendix C— SUMMARY OF THE PARTICULAR SURVEYING OPERATIONS WHICH CON- 
STITUTE AN "OYSTER SURVEY" AS NOW BEING CARRIED ON IN MARYLAND. 

Explanation. — -A brief account of the particular sm^eying operations which constitute an "oyster 
survey" as now being carried on in Maryland, will assist in the interpretation of records contained in 
the technical part of this report, and will be of interest to many who may not understand the necessity 
for the great amount of work being done or its complicated character. 

To those familiar with methods used in surveying and charting the characteristic features of large 
bodies of water there is an evident necessity for the various operations performed, especially when it 
is known that the boundaries of the public oyster bars and of the private lots leased for purposes of 
oyster culture must be surveyed and charted with the greatest practical accvuacy. To others it will 
be sufficient to state that the actual experience gained from oyster surveys in other States has proven 
that in order to avoid endless dissatisfaction and litigation it is necessarj' to accurately locate and per- 
manently establish oyster boundaries as is now being done in Maryland. 

Triangulation stirvey. — Such refinement of survey work as that demanded by the conditions of an 
oyster survey when carried on at considerable distances offshore can only be obtained by the use of 
a system of triangulation as a framework or foundation. Therefore, a triangulation survey, including 
the permanent marking of the positions of landmarks with monuments, and a record of the descriptions 
of their locations for future recovery is a necessary operation of a complete oyster survey. 

Topographic survey. — The technical records which establish the relation between the offshore 
oyster boundaries and triangulation landmarks are sufficient for the requirements of engineers in making 
resurveys, but do not supply the needs of others who are interested in the same boundaries by reason 
of their occupation as oystermen concerned as to the public oyster bars, or oyster culturists concerned 
as to the leasable bottoms. For these it is necessary to have the charts of the survey show the relation 
of the shore line and other topographic features to the boundaries of the public oyster bars and private 
oyster farms. Therefore a topographic survey is a necessary operation of a complete oyster survey. 

Hydrographic survey. — In the settlement of the important question of what is or what is not a 
natural oyster bar, and in the consideration of liottoms to be selected for purposes of oyster culture, 
information as to the depth of water and the character of the bottom is required. Therefore a hydro- 
graphic survey is a necessary operation of a complete oyster survey. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Md. 41 

Necessary foundation for an oyster survey. — Consequently, the necessary components of a satis- 
factory foundation for a complete oyster survey are the three classes of surv-ey operations technically 
named triangulation, topography, and hydrography, or, stated in another way, the foundation of a 
practical oyster survey includes the surveying operations usually followed by the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey leading up to the preparation and publication of nautical charts. 

Special surveys and investigations pertaining to oysters. — Having obtained this cartographic survey 
for a foundation, partly by new work and partly from records of previous work of the Government, 
the combined operations' making up an "oyster survey" arc completed by superimposing on this 
foundation special surveys and investigations pertaining particularly to oysters or other shell fish. 

The special surveys pertaining to oysters furnish information as to the location and outline of oyster- 
shell bottoms, and are carried on by the sounding-boat party in addition to the usual hydrographic 
work.- This operation consists of the observation and record of the character of vibration of a wire 
and chain apparatus which is dragged over the bottom, the vibrations or lack of vibrations indicating 
the presence and quantity of shells or absence of shells. 

The special oyster investigations' consist of the actual determination of the kind and quantity of 
oysters on the bottom, and such economic and biological studies of the supply of oyster food, density 
of water, character of the bottom, and other important matters as affect the growth of oysters. In this 
work the oyster investigation stations are located and buoyed by the hydrographic party while engaged 
in the survey of the oyster-shell limits. They are selected with the view of obtaining characteristic 
data which can be used for the interpretation of the recorded vibrations of the chain apparatus at all 
other points covered by the survey. 

Preparation of results. — The actual surveying operations and oyster investigations having been 
completed for any one county, there still remains technical work of nearly equal magnitude to that 
described.'' This work consists of the preparation of charts and technical descriptions of boundaries 
and landmarks for publication by the Government, the preparation of that part of the annual report of 
the commission covering the special oyster surveys and investigations, the making of the leasing charts 
and finished projections, and finally the filing of the oyster charts and records with the courts and the 
commission, thus opening a county for oyster culture. 

Summary. — From the foregoing account it can be seen that a complete oyster survey properly 
conducted so as to answer all practical requirements of the present and permanency of results for the 
future is a very complicated affair, involving many lines of surveying and other scientific work, and 
requiring the professional services of experts in the various operations of cartographic surveying and 
shell-fish investigations. 



' See Appendix D of this publication for "Statistics of results of combined operations of the Government and State." 

2 See pp. 104 to 123 of "First Annual Report of Maryland Shell Fish Commission." 

^ See pp. 30 to 67 and 129 to 199 of "First Annual Report of Maryland Shell Fish Commission." 

^ No mention is made here of the large amount of administrative work of the commission, which is greatly complicated and 

increased by the effect of the oyster-survey operations on many thousands of people whose interests are more or less involved ; 

or of the large amount of survey work involved in the survey and record of the boundaries of oyster lots leased from the State 

by private individuals for the purposes of oyster culture. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Baltimore County, Aid. 



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f COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 

PROGRESS MAP 

BALTIMORE COUNTY 

MARYLAND 



To accoinpanv report of work of United States 
•^oast and Geodetic Survey in cooperation with 
the Maryland Shell Rsli Commission. 



O Landmarks (Coaat S\irvi{y "n-iajv^aalion Stations) 
Waters contijiuous to county 
"WAters within terrilorial limits of coimty 
liimiti of projections on file at Washington 
Ijnuls of charts published byCo&»t ai\i Geodetic Svirvey 




Krtat Foint 2 



CHART No. 27 




DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR 
COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 

O. H. TITTMANN, Superintendent 



SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS 



CALVERT COUNTY 
MARYLAND 



DESCRIPTION OF BOUNDARIES AND LANDMARKS AND REPORT 
OF WORK OF UNITED STATES COAST AND GEODETIC SUR- 
VEY IN COOPERATION WITH UNITED STATES BUREAU OF 
FISHERIES AND MARYLAND SHELL FISH COMMISSION 



By C. C. YATES 

CHIEF OF COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY PARTY 
ASSISTANT, COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

1910 



LETTER OF SUBMITTAL. 



Department ov Commer'ce and Labor, 

Coast and Geodetic Survey, 

Washington, December 21, igog. 
Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith a report of the officer detailed from 
the Coast and Geodetic Survey to cooperate with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Mary- 
land Shell Fish Commission in surveying the oyster bars of the State of Maryland, and 
certain technical results which are necessary for the interpretation and use of the plats 
of the sur\'ey made by the Government. 

This work has been done under the provisions of the act of Congress entitled "An 
act to authorize the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to cooperate, through the Bureau 
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and the Bureau of Fisheries, with the shell fish com- 
missioners of the State of Marj'land in making surveys of the natural oyster beds, bars, 
and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland," approved May 26, 1906, and of 
the acts of Congress making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government 
for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1910. 
Respectfully, 

O. H. Tittmann. Suprrinlendent. 
To Hon. Chari.es Nagel, 

Secretary of Commerce and Labor. 

3 



CERTIFICATION 



Baltimore, Md., December lo, igog. 
The following publication is certiiied to contain correct technical descriptions of 
all boundaries and landmarks established in Calvert County by the Maryland Shell 
Fish Commission in cooperation with the United States Coast and Geodetic Sur\rey. 

C. C. Yates, 
Chief oj Coast and Geodetic Survey Party, 

Assistant, Coast and Geodetic Surrey. 



Baltimore, Md., December lo, iqoq. 
Examined and certiiied to be correct. 

Walter J. Mitchell, 
Caswell Grave, 
Benjamin K. Green, 
Maryland Shell Fish Commission. 
Swepson EarlE, 

Hydrographic Engineer. 

Note. — Certified copies of this publication and of the charts of the natural oyster 
bars of Calvert County were filed in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of Calvert 
County and in the office of the Board of Shell Fish Commissioners, at Annapolis, on 
December 14, 1909. 

5 



CONTENTS 



Progress MAP --------- follows 94 

Letter OF SUBMITTAL - - - - - - -- 3 

Certification ----- - - - 5 

Introduction: 

Publications - 11 

Cooperation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey --_- 12 

Cooperation of the Bureau of Fisheries 12 

General statement of work of Coast and Geodetic Survey - 12 

Report of the work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey: 

Instructions . - - 14 

Organization and equipment . . . 15 

Chronological statement of work - - 15 

Statistics _. - - 16 

General remarks 16 

Charts and maps: 

Charts of natural oyster bars 18 

Leasing charts - ig 

Projections : - 20 

Progress maps . 20 

Boundaries of the county waters: 

Waters within territorial limits of county - 21 

Waters contiguous to county 21 

Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations): 

Explanation ---. 23 

Method of describing triangulation stations 23 

Descriptions of triangulation stations — 
Chart No. 16 (Chesapeake Bay) — 

Holland - 26 

Hog Point (Holland 3). 26 

Beach ^ 27 

111 2 27 

Plum 3 28 

Pier (see also Chart No. 17) - 28 

Sharps Island Light 29 

Chart No. // (Chesapeake Bay) — 

Pier (see also Chart No. 16) _ ^ 28 

Pen 29 

Patch ' 20 

Parker , 30 

Run (see also Chart No. 18) . 30 

Chart No. iS (Chesapeake Bay) — 

Run (see also Chart No. 17) ',0 



8 Contents. 

Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangui,ation stations) — Continued. 
Descriptions of triangulation stations — Continued. 

Chart No. iS (Chesapeake Bay) — Continued. Page. 

Poplar 30 

Flag Pond 31 

Wilson 2 31 

Point of Rocks 31 

Cove Point Light (see also Chart No. 20) _' 32 

White House (N. E. chimney) (see also Chart No. 20) _. 32 

Travers 2 32 

Chart No. 79 (Upper Patuxent River) — 

Prince.. 33 

Leitch 33 

Fodder 34 

Buena _ 34 

Teague 35 

City--- 35 

Hallowing 36 

Indian _ 36 



Dwarf- 



Trent . 
Collins. 



Sheridan. 



Battle - 
Photo. 



Island. 
Peak. 



Cole- 



Bars_ 



Briscoe . 



Nat. 



37 



Sothoron 37 

Buzz 38 

Billiard 38 

Morsel 39 



40 



Cremona 40 

Kitt... 41 

Oppkit 41 



Fight 42 

Slim 43 

Forr 43 

Sweep .. 44 



45 



Hutchins . 46 

Wheat (see also Chart No. 20) 46 

Mackall (see also Chart No. 20) 46 

Sollers (see also Chart No. 20) 47 



47 



Lend (see also Chart No. 20) 

Chart No. 20 (Lower Patuxent River) — 

Wheat (see also Chart No. 19) 46 

Mackall (see also Chart No. ig) 46 

Sollers (see also Chart No. 19) 47 

Lend (see also Chart No. 19) 48 

Stock 48 

Stump 48 



49 



Hellen 49 



50 



5° 



C 071 tents. 

Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations) — Continue 
Descriptions of triangulation stations — Continued. 

Chart No. 20 (Lower Patuxent River) — Continued. 

Ton 

Mill ... 51 

Bur . _ ... 51 

New - - ._ J I 

Catholic Church Cross . _ .... 52 

Cable . 52 

Town 52 

Crane 53 

M. E. Church (Solomons) .. 53 

K. of P. Flagstaff (Solomons) ... .... _______ 53 

Sand - - - . 54 

Fishstack 54 

Bon 54 

Bareda House Cupola . 55 

Drum Point Light _.- -- 55 

Ben . ... ^5 

. Craddock ... _. 56 

Carroll 2 . i . ... s6 

Hog 2 57 

Pat 57 

White House (N. E. chimney) (see also Chart No. 18) 32 

Cove Point Light (see also Chart No. 18) .. 32 

Cedar Point Light _. 57 

Cain 58 

Desert 58 

Boundaries of oyster bars: 

Explanation 59 

Method of describing boundaries 60 

Surveying methods for relocation of boundaries 61 

Boundaries of natural oyster b.irr — 
Cliarl No. 16 (Chesapeake Bay) — 

Hog Point 64 

Upper Steps 65 

Lower Steps 65 

Plum Point (see also Chart No. 17) 66 

Chart No. 17 (Chesapeake Bay) — 

Plum Point (see also Chart No. 16) 66 

Daddie Dare . 66 

Governors Run (see also Chart No. 18) 67 

Emanuel (see also Chart No. 18) 67 

Chart No. iS (Chesapeake Bay) — 

Governors Run (see also Chart No. 17) 67 

Emanuel (see also Chart No. 17) 67 

Flag Pond 68 

Chart No. ig (Upper Patuxent River) — 

Spout 69 

Holland Point (Calvert County) 6g 

Buzzard Island _. 70 

Macks Hollow 70 

Broad Neck (Calvert County) . 71 

Thomas (Calvert County) 71 

Kitts Marsh 71 



lO 



Contents. 



Boundaries of qyster bars— Continued. 

Boundaries of natural oyster bars — Continued. 

Chart No. ig (Upper Patuxent River) — Continued. 

Prison Point 

Jacks Marsh 

Jacks Bay 

Parkers Wharf 

Broome Island 

Island Creek 

Peterson (Calvert County) (see also Chart No. 20) _ 
Hears (Calvert County) (see also Chart No. 20) — 
Charl No. 20 (Lower Patuxent River) — 

Peterson (Calvert County) (see also Chart No. 19). 

Mears (Calvert County) (see also Chart No. ig) 

Hellen 

Hungerford Hollow 

Barn Gates 

Back of Island 

Shell Pile '. 

Cherry Tree 

Swash 

Sandy Point Lumps j 

Southeast Middle-ground 

Light House Lump 

Old Lump 

Carroll Muds (Calvert County) 

Simmons 

Chinese Muds (Calvert County) . 

Parker Moore 

Under The Cliffs 

Little Cove Point 

Cove Point Bight 



Appenbixes: 

Appendix .A. — Laws relating to the cooperation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and 

Bureau of Fisheries with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission 

Appendix B. — "The Haman Oyster Culture Law" (extract from Second Report of Shell 

Fish Commission) 

Appendix C. — Summary of the particular surveying operations which constitute an "oyster 

survey ' ' as now being carried on in Maryland 

Appendix D. — Statistics of results of the combined operations of the Government and State. 



SURA'EY OF OYSTER BARvS, CALVERT COUNTY, MD. 



INTRODUCTION. 

PUBLICATIONS. 

The preparation of publications relating to the survey of the oyster bars of Mary- 
land has been divided between the Government and the State in accordance with the 
laws " authorizing the work and the natural division of the surveying operations * of 
the cooperating forces. 

The publications prepared and issued by the Government under the direction of 
the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey consist of a series of charts and 
a technical report for each county surveyed.'' The charts show all legal boundaries of 
o)ster bars within the adopted boundaries of the waters opened up for leasing with each 
county, and the location of all landmarks (Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation 
stations) used as a foundation for the delineation of these various boundaries. The 
technical report gives technical and legal descriptions of all oyster-bar and other bound- 
aries, and descriptions of all landmarks shown on the charts, and includes the report 
of the representative of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in charge of the work of that 
Service in cooperation with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Maryland Shell Fish Com- 
mission. These charts and technical reports are prepared and certified for file with the 
courts and the Commission, as required by the laws of the State, and contain all informa- 
tion necessary to make a permanent record of the work of the Commission and the 
Government for all future requirements of the courts, or for any resurveys that may 
become necessary.'' 

The publications prepared and issued by the State under the direction of the vShell 
Fish Commission consist of annual reports *■ of all the operations of the Commission 

" See Appendix A for laws relating to the cooperation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and Bureau 
of Fisheries with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission. 

'' See Appendix C for a summary of the particular surveying operations which constitute an "oyster 
survey" as now being carried on in Maryland. 

I' These charts and technical reports can be obtained by application to the Superintendent of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, at Washington, D. C. The publications ready for issue are those for Anne 
Arundel, Somerset, Wicomico, Worcester, and Calvert counties, those for St. Marys and Charles counties 
arc now being prepared. 

d The technical records and charts for each county are published separately on account of the 
requirements of the oyster-culture laws of the State and the practical considerations which make it 
desirable to have each county "opened up" for oyster culture as soon as practicable after the comple- 
tion of its survey. For these reasons and the fact that these reports are each arranged for distribution 
and use in one county only without reference to other published records, nmch of the text of this jnibli- 
cation is of necessity identical with similar previous publications for other counties. 

' These reports can lie obtained by application to the Shell Fish Commission, .Anna|)olis, Md. 
Tb.ey are issued annually in October, and the first and second reports are now available for distributi;in. 



12 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

performed under the provisions of the laws of Maryland," including results of biological 
and economic oyster investigations, methods and results of the hydrographic survey of 
the boundaries of oyster bars and crab bottoms, the administrative report and financial 
statement of the Commission, information relating to oyster culture, methods of sur- 
veying and leasing of oyster lots, and much other important matter of legal and scientific 
value. 

These two sets of publications are planned and arranged to supplement each other 
without unnecessary duplication, and when combined Ihey form a complete report of 
operations, methods, and results of the work of both the Government and State.' 

COOPERATION OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY. 

The work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, as the name of the Service indicates, 
includes a survey of the coasts of the United States made on a geodetic basis. This 
has involved the gradual construction of a great framework of interstate triangulation 
for use as a foundation for detail hydrographic and topographic surveys, from which 
there has been compiled and published a complete set of charts of the coasts of the 
United States, including all waters of Maryland where oysters grow. This existing 
triangulation, hydrography, and topography is essential as a foundation for a correct 
and practical survey of natural oyster bars; and it being one of the fundamental func- 
tions of the Coast and Geodetic Survey to furnish such data, the cooperation of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission is a practical and natural development of Government work leading to the 
consen.^ation and increase of the supply of food. 

COOPERATION OF THE BUREAU OF FISHERIES. 

The Bureau of Fisheries has cooperated with the Coast and Geodetic Survey and 
the Marvland Shell Fish Commission principally as an adviser in matters relating to the 
biological and economic survey of oyster bars and the methods to be employed for that 
purpose.'^ A steam launch, rowing boat, and certain apparatus ha^•e also been furnished. 

The primary function of the Bureau of Fisheries is to increase the productiveness 
of marine and fresh waters by such measures as may be best suited to the purpose, and 
the services rendered in connection with the survey of the oyster bars of Maryland are 
strictly in line with the fundamental law under which it acts. In certain States other 
than Maryland similar work has been conducted by the Bureau acting independently, 
the same ends being attained at greater expense to the Government. 

GENERAL STATEMENT OF WORK OF COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY.'' 

The results obtained from the work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in coopera- 
tion with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Maryland Shell Fish Commission need very 

"■ See Appendix B for an extract from the "Second Report of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission," 
giving a concise summary of the "Haman Oyster Culture Law." 

& See Appendix D of this publication for "Statistics of results of combined o|)erations of the Gov- 
ernment and State." 

t' Hon. George M. Bowers, Commissioner of Fisheries, lias detailed for this service Dr. H. l' Moore, 
Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries. 

<i For a detail statement of the very large amount of excellent oyster survey work of the Maryland 
Shell Fish Commission see the "Annual Reports of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission." 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 13 

little other summary than is indicated by the published "Charts of Natural (Dyster 
Bars" and the scheme of hydrographic projections and triangulation stations shown on 
the county progress maps attached to each report. 

The triangulation has been carried on in accordance with the standard methods 
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, making this work and that of the "Descriptions of 
Triangulation vStations" of permanent value, not only to the State of Maryland in the 
survey of her oyster bars, but also to the Government for any future work it may do 
in the regions covered by the oVster-survey operations. 

The boundaries of tlie various shellfish bottoms in relation to landmarks and the 
adjacent topography have been shown with all the accuracy permitted by the large- 
scale oyster charts published especially for that purpose. 

The technical and legal descriptions of the boundaries and the description of the 
location of landmarks have been prepared and published in such a manner as to mini- 
mize the probability of future disputes in reference to their location. 

Stated another way and quoting from the report of the "Sur\'ey of Oyster Bars of 
Anne Arundel County:" 

The geographic positions of the permanent landmarks and signals have been determined with the 
usual precision of a trigonometric survey, and their locations at all points necessary to provide ample 
foundation for the surveying and charting operations permitted great accuracy of definition and loca- 
tion for the natural oyster bar and other boundaries established, ."^t the same time, the very important 
element of permanency of the positions of boundaries has been secured, as the relocation of geodetic 
positions can always be accomplished by a competent surveyor, even though the original landmarks 
and monuments have been washed away, as has been the fate of hundreds of such points established 
by tlie Coast and Geodetic Survey on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay during the last sixty-five years. 

In fact, when the survey of the oyster bars of Maryland is completed, it is believed 
that it will stand the test of time and practical use as a working foundation for whatever 
form the oyster legislation of the future may assume, and that the doing of the work 
systematically and accurately, once for all, will lead finally to the development of a 
great natural food resource in the form of real oyster culture which will bring ample 
reward for all expenditures of the "oyster survey." 



REPORT OF THE WORK OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY IN 
CALVERT COUNTY. 

INSTRUCTIONS. 

The following two letters, together with the laws °- of the United States relating 
to the subject, constitute the "instructions" received by the chief of the Coast and 
Geodetic Sur^'ey party engaged on work in connection with the Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission. They are short and definite, but furnish ample authority and leeway for 
all legitimate development of the cooperation of the Government and the State in the 
survey of oyster bars. The "free hand" permitted by these orders, together with the 
aid and many valuable suggestions received from the officers of the Survey at Wash- 
ington, have proved very beneficial to the work, and are greatly appreciated. 

Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Office of the Secretary, 

Washington, June 2, iqo6. 
Sir: In reply to your letter of May 28, requesting me to designate officers of the Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries to cooperate with the State of Maryland in making survey 
of and locating the natural oyster beds, I have the honor to inform you that Mr. C. C. Yates will be 
designated to cooperate on the part of the Coast and Geodetic Survey as soon as Congress makes the 
provisions of the act effective by providing an appropriation for the purpose. 
Respectfully, 

Lawrence O. Mvkray, Assistant Secretary. 
His E-xcellency Hon. Edwin Warfield, 

Governor of Maryland, A nnaf>olis, Md. 



Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Coa.st and Geodetic Si'rvev, 

]]'ashivgton, July j, ignfi. 
Sir: Upon the receipt of these instructions you will surrender llie command, accounts, etc., of 
the steamer Endeavor to the Hydrographic Inspector * * * 

As soon as this transfer is completed you will enter upon the duties of Coast ,'^.urvey representative 
on the Shell Fish Commission of Maryland. 

You will consult the commissioners, prepare a programme of work, and submit estimate'. i:i the 
usual form. 

You are authorized to come to Washington for consultation from time to time as may he necessary. 

Very respectfully, 

f). H. TiTTmann, Suf^rrititcndcnt. 
Capt. C. C. Yates, 

U. S. C. and G. S. Steamer Endeavor, Ballimorc, Md. 

" For these laws see Appendix A. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 15 

ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT. 

The personnel and occupation of the party of the Coast and Geodetic Survey have 
remained practically unchanged since the beginning of the "oyster survey " Besides 
the chief of party, it consists of the necessary triangulators, computers, draftsmen, 
and temporary employees required to carry on both the surveying operations in the 
field and the preparation for publication of oyster charts and technical records in the 
OfSce at Washington. 

The equipment for the work of the party has been ample and satisfactory. The 
large living and office quarters furnished the Government on the Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission house boat Oyster have been very convenient for the work, besides facili- 
tating efficient cooperation with the surveying and oyster investigation parties of the 
State. In addition to the accommodations on the Oyster the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey party has had the constant use of the large steam launch Inspector and several 
other boats furnished by their own Service, and the occasional use of the Bureau of 
Fisheries launch Canvasback " and the steamer Governor McLane ^ of the State fisherv 
force. 

The greater part of the equipment of instruments for the operations of both the 
Government and State have been furnished by the Coast and Geodetic Sur\'ey and 
consist of all necessary theodolites, levels, sextants, drafting instruments, hydrometers, 
etc., required for all field and ofiice work. 

CHRONOLOGICAI, STATEMENT OF WORK. 

The field work of the Coast and Geodetic Sur\'ey in Calvert County "^ dates from 
May 2, 1908, when the house boat Oyster left Baltimore for an anchorage in the Patuxent 
River, inside of Solomons Island. She remained in this harbor for three months, it 
practically being the only suitable anchorage for the work for the entire Chesapeake 
Bay shore of Calvert County, as well as for the lower Patuxent River. During this 
period there was a great amount of windy weather and consequent rough seas, which 
prevented work in the open bay, and in general the triangulation foundation for the 
oyster survey made very slow progress. 

On August 4, 1908, the part of the work necessarily done from the mouth of the 
Patuxent River was completed, and the Oyster was moved about 7 miles up the river 
to St. Leonards Creek. 

On August 18, 1908, the headquarters for the field work was again changed by 
moving the .house boat Oyster 8 miles still farther up the river to an anchorage in Battle 
Creek, where she remained until the completion of that part of the field work which 
naturally included all the Patuxent River work of Charles and St. Marys counties as 
well as that of Calvert County, although the results are published separately. 

On September 3, 1908, the house boat finally left the Patuxent River for a new 
anchorage in a tributary of the Potomac River, and the field work of Calvert County 

"■ By courtesy of Dr. H. F. Moore, U. S. Bureau of Fisheries. 

b By courtesy of Capt. James A. Turner, commanding. 

cThe field work of Calvert, Charles, and St. Marys counties was so intermixed in the Patuxent 
River that the chronological statement of work for any one of these counties necessarily includes a 
considerable part of the work of the other two counties. 



i6 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

was dropped from that date until July 27, 1909, when it was again taken up for a period 
of four days to add a few details of the triangulation required for the descriptions of 
stations. 

On December 2, 1909, it was again found necessary to obtain further triangulation 
details for the publication of the technical report for Calvert County, and field work 
was carried on for that purpose from that date to December 8, 1909. 

The office work connected with the "oyster survey" of Calvert County, including 
computations and drafting necessary for the preparation of oyster charts and technical 
records for publications, was continued intermittingly with the office work of other 
counties surveyed during same season from the beginning of field work of Calvert County 
to the time of the filing of the certified oyster charts and reports in the archives of the 
Commission and with the clerk of the circuit court of Calvert County on December 
14, 1909. 

STATISTICS.'' 

Landmarks and triangulation signals erected 6g 

Monuments planted to mark triangulation stations 67 

Triangulation stations occupied for observations of horizontal angles 52 

Old triangulation stations recovered 20 

New triangulation stations established 58 

Total old and new triangulation stations marked and described _. 78 

Linear miles of shore line covered by triangulation (approximate) 95 

Square miles covered by triangulation (approximate) 157 

Hydrographic projections prepared and completed as records of oyster boundaries 8 

Triangles computed 152 

Geographic positions computed 59 

Corners of oyster boundaries established by computation 205 

Back azim.uths and distances computed from corners of boundaries to triangulation stations 6:5 

Descriptions of triangulation stations prepared for publication 78 

Descriptions of oyster boundaries prepared for publication 41 

"Charts of Natural Oyster Bars" prepared for publication . =; 

Progress map prepared for publication i 

GENERAL REMARKS. 

Before ending this report the representative of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
wishes to renew his statement of appreciation of the courteous assistance received from 
various Government and State officials and others interested in the oyster industry of 
Maryland, especially to the following: 

To his colleague from the Department of Commerce and Labor, Dr. H. F. Moore 
of the Bureau of Fisheries, whose well-known scientific knowledge of all matters relating 
to oysters has been of great value to the work. 

a These statistics only include field and office work directly performed by the party of the Coast 
and Geodetic Survey in connection with the oyster survey of Calvert County, and do not include the 
many thousands of soundings and examinations of the character of the bottom made by the engineers 
of the Commission, which are of considerable value to the Coast and Geodetic Survey as hydrographic 
records for future use in connection with the preparation of new editions of charts of the waters of 
Maryland. See Appendix D of this publication for "Statistics of results of combined operations of 
the Government and the State." 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. , 17 

To Mr. Walter J. Mitchell, chairman of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, who, 
by his administrative ability in carrying out the complicated requirements of the oyster 
laws and by his unfailing tact, has made the cooperation of the various services engaged 
on the work both agreeable and effective. 

To Dr. Caswell Grave, secretary of the Commission, who, as editor of the Com- 
mission's annual report and Commissioner in charge of the biological and economic 
oyster investigations, has been brought into constant contact with the Government 
work and aided its operations in every way. 

To Mr. Benjamin K. Green, treasurer of the Commission, who has looked after the 
equipment and commissary of the house boat in such a way as to add greatly to the 
comfort and convenience of the party of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

To Mr. Swepson Earle, hydrographic engineer to the Commission, whose knowledge 
of the work from former service in the Coast and Geodetic Survey has greatly facilitated 
his practical use of the technical data furnished by the Government. 

To Mr. Thomas H. Robinson, counsel to the Commission, for courteously furnishing 
valuable information relating to county boundaries. 

And to the many others connected with the Commission or who as residents in the 
locality where the work was being carried on have greatly assisted by furnishing impor- 
tant information or willing services. 
20908 — I o 2 



CHARTS AND MAPS. 

CHARTS OF NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 

The charts " of the natural oyster bars of Calvert County, published by the Coast 
and Geodetic Survey from results of surveys of the Government in cooperation with 
the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, consist of five sheets covering a portion of the 
waters of Chesapeake Bay and all of Patuxent River, including all oyster-producing 
bottoms of Calvert County. They are published on a scale of i part in 20,000 (approxi- 
mately 3^6 inches to a statute mile) and are constructed on polyconic projections and 
based on the United States standard datum of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

These charts show all oyster bars and other boundaries established by the Com- 
mission, and are certified for the purpose of filing in the office of the clerk of the circuit 
court of Calvert County and in the office of the Commission at Annapolis, as required 
by the oyster laws of Maryland. 

In addition to the oyster-bar and other boundaries, the charts show the location 
and name of all landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations) 
used in making the survey, together with the hydrography and topography '' necessary 
to make the technical definitions and delineations of boundaries readily understandable 
both by the people engaged in the oyster industry and the general public who may 
become interested through leasing of barren bottoms for oyster culture. 

The names of the oyster bars are those used locally, as nearly as could be ascer- 
tained by the hydrographic engineer of the Commission. When there was no local 
name in common use, a name was selected from one of the prominent features of the 
vicinity. By the use of recognized names or those that would naturally suggest certain 
sections of water, it is believed that much confusion will be avoided in the location on 
the charts of the oyster bars, especially by those not familiar with the use of maps. 

The corners of the oyster bars are numbered from i to the total number of corners 
in each area under consideration. Where boundaries adjoin, making one point a corner 
of two or more oyster bars, these points have two or more numbers, each number corre- 
sponding to the bar in which the figure is located. The numbers of the corners correspond 
with the technical and legal descriptions of this publication under the heading 
"Boundaries of natural oyster bars. ' 

The landmarks and oyster bars have been grouped in the "Contents" of this publi- 
cation in accordance with the charts upon which they are shown. To find a particular 
oyster bar or landmark which is only known by name, consult the "Contents" and 

a These charts can be obtained by appl 'cation to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, at Washington, D. C. 

b Much of the detail of the inshore topography was obtained from the excellent map of Calvert 
County prepared and published by the Maryland Geological Survey under the direction of Dr. William 
Bullock Clark from surveys of the Maryland Geological Survey in cooperation with the U. S. Geological 
Survey. 

18 



Survey oj Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 19 

the desired chart and general location will be indicated. To find the name of a bar or 
landmark which is only known by location, consult the progress map at the end of this 
publication for the number of the chart on which it is to be found, and then examine 
the known locality on the chart for the 'name of the bar or landmark in question. 

The contours on the charts showing the depth of water at mean low tide have been 
taken from the hydrographic sheets of former work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 
Four curves were selected as being the most convenient for taking off from the original 
hydrographic sheets and the ones of greatest value to those interested in shellfish 
industries. The i -fathom contour (6 feet) and the 5-fathom curve (30 feet) correspond 
in a general way to the inner and outer limits of all the oyster bars surveyed. The 
3-fathom contour (18-feet) furnishes the curve of about the average depth of water on 
the oyster bars and the lo-fathom contour (60 feet) serves in a general way to indicate 
the outer limits of probable oyster culture. 

The boundaries of the waters within the "territorial limits of the county" and the 
boundaries of the "waters contiguous to the county" opened up for the leasing with 
Calvert County are plainly indicated on the charts. A full technical description of 
these boundaries is given in this publication under the heading "Boundaries of county 
waters." 

The areas in acres of the oyster bars were determined under the direction of the 
hydrographic engineer of the Commission by two independent planimeter measurements 
of the areas as delineated on the smooth projections of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 
These areas are given in small figures in parentheses on the face of the chart within the 
boundaries of the different shellfish bottoms. 

The symbols used on the charts for the different kinds of boundaries, triangulation 
stations, contours of depth of water, etc., require no other explanation than that given 
in the legend and other notes on the face cf the charts. 

LEASING CHARTS. 

The leasing charts of Calvert County, like those for Anne Arundel, Somerset, 
Wicomico, and Worcester counties, have been prepared under the direction of the 
hydrographic engineer of the Commission. These charts are constructed on polyconic 
projections and are based on the United States standard datum of the Coast and 
Geodetic Surs^ey. They are made on the scales of i part in 5,000 or i part in 10,000, as 
the needs of oyster culture may require. Anne Arundel County required 13 leasing 
charts; Somerset County, 12 charts; Wicomico County, 2 charts; Worcester County, 
3 charts; and Calvert County 5 charts, to cover their oyster bottoms. 

These charts show all the oyster bars, crab bottoms, and clam beds and other 
boundaries established by the Commission, and also all boundaries of oyster lots leased 
for the purpose of oyster culture, thus making them comprehensive and valuable records 
of the results of the operations of the oyster-culture laws. 

The lots leased under the provision of the "old 5-aCre law" are frequently of 
irregular shape, but the lots leased under the provision of the new oyster laws must 
be of rectangular shape by the terms of that act. For this latter purpose the leasing 
charts have been divided by parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude into small 
rectangles of i acre or 5 acres, as may be best suited to the area under consideration, 



20 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

and prospective leaseholders by the rules of the Commission are compelled to select 
whole rectangles as far as practicable. 

For reasons of the present changeable nature of the number of lots leased and the 
large number of charts required, the leasing charts are not likely to be published for 
some years, but they can be seen at any time on file at the offices of the Commission, 
in Annapolis. 

PROJECTIONS. 

The polyconic projections " covering Calvert County waters are 8 in number and 
on the scale of i part in 10,000. They were constructed by draftsmen of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey, but the sextant positions which determine the location of the legal 
boundaries of the oyster bars as delineated by the Shell Fish Commission were plotted 
by the draftsman of the Commission. 

A copy of each of these projections, with all the plotted positions of triangulation 
stations, shore line, sextant positions, and boundaries of oyster bars, was made under 
the direction of the hydrographic engineer of the Commission by pricking through with 
a sharp needle the intersections of the projection lines and all other points as plotted 
on the original sheets. 

These projections (in duplicate) are the original records of all oj'Ster-bar and other 
boundaries established by the Commission, one set being filed in the archives of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, at Washington, and the other set in the office of the Shell 
Fish Commission, at Annapolis. 

PROGRESS MAPS. 

The progress map to be found at the end of this publication is on a scale of i part 
in 100,000, and shows in outline the work accomplished by the U. S. Coast and Geodetic 
Survey in Calvert Count)' and contiguous waters. It gives the scheme of all the charts 
and smooth projections constructed in connection with the survey, the location and 
names of all triangulation stations used as a basis for the surveying work, and the 
"boundaries of county waters" established by the Commission for the purpose of 
carrying out the laws of Maryland relating to oyster culture. 

Besides indicating the amount of work done by the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
in connection with the work of the Shell Fish Commission, this progress map will be of 
special value for index purposes to engineers and others searching for the particular 
chart or projection covering the locality of the oyster bars or landmarks that ma}' be 
under consideration. 

The progress maps * accompanying the first and second annual reports of the Mary- 
land Shell Fish Commission were prepared under the direction of the hydrographic 
engineer of the Commission. They are on the scale of i part in 400,000, and show the 
outline of the tide-water counties of Maryland, with shaded areas to indicate the waters 
already covered by the operations of the oyster survey. 

o For the scheme of these projections see the progress map at the end of this publication, 
ft These maps and reports can be obtained by application to Maryland Shell Fish Commission, 
Annapolis, Md. 



BOUNDARIES OF THE COUNTY WATERS.'^ 

WATERS WITHIN TERRITORIAL UMITS OF COUNTY. 

The laws of Maryland relating to oyster culture provide that "no person shall be 
permitted, by lease, assignment, or in any other manner, to acquire a greater amount 
of land than ten acres situated within the territorial limits of any of the counties, or 
one hundred acres in any other place." ; 

The boundary line'' between the waters "within the territorial limits" of Calvert 
County and the waters in "any other place," as established by the Shell Fish Com- 
mission for the purpose of carrying out the oyster laws, and delineated on the charts 
and the smooth projections of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, is technically described 
and defined as follows : 

Commencing at a point defined by the intersection of the mean low-water line of the western shore 
of Chesapeake Bay in the vicinity of Hog Point and the boundary line between Anne Arundel and 
Calvert counties; thence along the mean low-water line of the Chesapeake Bay shore of Calvert County 
across the mouth of all inlets less than loo yards in width, around Plum Point and Cove Point, to a point 
defined by latitude 38° ig' 09". 8 and longitude 76° 25' 21". o situated on Drum Point on the northern 
side of the entrance to Patuxent River; thence along a straight line ending at a point defined by latitude 
38° 18' 35". 9 and longitude 76° 23' 59". 8 situated on Hog Point on the southern side of the entrance 
to Patuxent River, to a point defined by the intersection of this straight line and the Patuxent River 
channel boundary line between Calvert and St. Marys counties as laid down on "Chart No. 20, Natural 
Oyster Bars, Maryland;" thence up the channel of Patuxent River following the channel boundary 
line between Calvert and St. Marys counties and the channel boundary line between Calvert and 
Charles counties and the channel boundary line between Calvert and Prince Georges counties as laid 
down on "Charts Nos. ig and 20, Natural Oyster Bars, Maryland;" thence continuing up the channel 
of Patuxent River following the channel boundary line between Calvert and Prince Georges counties 
to its end on the boundary line between Anne Arundel and Calvert counties, c 

WATERS CONTIGUOUS TO COUNTY. 

The oyster laws of Maryland provide that a true and accurate delineation of all 
natural oyster bars shall be made on copies of charts of the U. S. Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, "which said copies shall be filed in the office of the said Commissioners in the 
city of Annapolis," and "in the office of the clerks of the circuit courts for the respective 
counties wherein the grounds so designated may lie." 

" For a complete historical and legal description of the boundaries of the counties of Maryland, 
the valuable publication entitled "The Counties of Maryland — Their Origin, Boundaries, and lilection 
Districts," prepared by Dr. Edward B. Mathews and published by the Maryland Geological Survey 
under the direction of Dr. William Bullock Clark, vSuperintendent, should be consulted, as the boundaries 
described in this publication have been established and technically defined for the purpose of carrying 
out the oyster laws of the State, and may or may not be correct for other purposes. 

fi See "Charts of Natural Oyster Bars," published by the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and the 
progress map at the end of this publication. 

c Latitudes and longitudes based on the United States standard datum of the U. S. Coast and 
Geodetic Survey. 



22 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

For the purpose of carrying out the latter part of this section of the law and for 
the purpose of establishing the limits of the oyster-culture area to be opened up for 
leasing with each county surveyed, it is necessary for the Shell Fish Commission to 
establish a boundary line between the waters contiguous to but not within the. terri- 
torial limits of each county and the waters contiguous to but not within the territorial 
limits of adjacent counties. 

This boundary line ° has been delineated on the "Charts of Natural Oyster Bars," 
published b.v the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and is technically described and defined 
as follows : 

Commencing at a point defined by the intersection of the mean low-water line of the western shore 
of Chesapeake Bay in the vicinity of Hog Point and the boundary line between Anne Arundel and 
Calvert counties; thence in a straight line along the Chesapeake Bay boundary between Anne Arundel 
and Calvert counties as laid down on "Charts Nos. 4 and 16, Natural Oyster Bars, Maryland," to a 
point defined by latitude 38° 42' 33".4 and longitude 76° 27' 4o".o situated about 3,5 8 miles east of 
Hog Point; thence in a straight line along the Chesapeake Bay boundary between Calvert and Talbot 
counties and Calvert and Dorchester coimties as laid down on "Charts Nos. 16, 17, and 18, Natural 
Oyster Bars, Maryland," to a point defined by latitude 38° 30' 00". o and longitude 76° 25' 3o".o 
situated about 43s miles east of Governors Run; thence in a straight line along the Chesapeake Bay 
boundary between Calvert and Dorchester counties as laid down on "Charts Nos. 17, j8, and 20, 
Natural Oyster Bars, Maryland," to a point defined by latitude 38° 23' 10". 3 and longitude 76° 20' 00". o 
situated about 2' s miles east of Cove Point Light; thence in a straight line along the Chesapeake Bay 
boundary between Calvert and Dorchester counties as laid down on "Charts Nos. 18 and 20, Natural 
Oyster Bars, Maryland," to a point defined by latitude 38° 19' 37". 7 and longitude 76° 19' i9".o 
situated about 5J4 miles southeast of Cove Point Light and about 5X niiles east by north of Drum 
Point Light; thence along the Chesapeake Bay boundary between Calvert and St. Marys counties as 
laid down on "Chart No, 20, Natural Oyster Bars, Maryland," to a point defined by the intersection 
of this boundary and a straight line between a point situated on Hog Point on the southern side of the 
entrance to Patuxent River defined by latitude 38° 18' 35". 9 and longitude 76° 23' 59". 8 and a point 
situated on Drum Point on the northern side of the entrance to Patuxent River defined by latitude 
38° 19' 09". 8 and longitude 76° 25' 2i".o; thence in a straight line to a point at the end defined by 
latitude 38° 19' 09". 8 and longitude 76° 25' 2i".o situated on Drum Point on the northern side of the 
entrance to Patuxent River. 



"See progress map at the end of this publication. 



LANDMARKS (U. S. COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY TRIANGULATION 

STATIONS). 

EXPLANATION. 

The oyster laws of Maryland authorizing the survey to be made bv the Shell Fish 
Commission provide for "an accurate report of said survey, setting forth such a descrip- 
tion of landmarks as may be necessary to enable the said board, or their successors, to 
find and ascertain the boundary lines of said natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks, as 
shown by delineation on the maps and charts." The law of the United States author- 
izing the cooperation of the Department of Commerce and Labor in the survey of natural 
oyster bars of Maryland provides for the erection of "such structures as may be necessary 
to mark the points of triangulation, so that the same may be used for such future work 
of the Coast and Geodetic Surv^ey as the said Bureau may be hereafter required to 
perform in prosecuting the Government coast survey of the navigable waters of the 
United States located within the State of Maryland." 

Under the provisions of the sections of the laws stated above, the markings and 
descriptions of landmarks must be sufficient for the present and future needs of both 
the Government and the State. With this end in view, considerable work has been 
expended in erecting permanent monuments at the triangulation stations and in the 
proper description of their location. 

An effort has been made to arrange the descriptions of location and character of 
landmarks in a uniform and logical manner. The descriptions start with the assump- 
tion that the individual seeking a landmark has only an indefinite idea of its location. 
They gradually proceed from description of the general locality of a landmark to the 
descriptions of its immediate surroundings. This is followed by specific details of the 
character of the center and reference marks and a "round" of reference angles and 
distances which in themselves frequently contain enough information to furnish an 
independent and reliable location of the triangulation station. 

METHOD OF DESCRIBING TRIANGULATION STATIONS. 

The separate descriptions of Iriangulation stations should not he used without reading 
the following explanation of the method of describing the triangulation stations, as it con- 
tains certain details that are common to all the landmarks described in this publication 
and which are omitted in the separate descriptions as being needless repetitions: 

Name. — The title at the top of each separate description is the name by which 
the landmark or triangulation station is known and designated in all work and pub- 
lished oyster records or oyster charts of both the Government and State. The selec- 
tion of the name is usually left to the triangulator establishing the station, and it may 
or may not have geographic or other significance in reference to the locality. 

General locality. — Under this heading is given the general locality of the landmark 
in reference to well-known and prominent natural or artificial features, such as the 

23 



24 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

nearest body of water, town, river, steamer wharf, well-defined point of land, church, 
or any other featiire that is likely to remain both permanent and prominent. 

This heading also covers a reference to the published chart or map which shows 
the location of the station most clearly. Nearly all the triangulation stations described 
in this publication are plainly indicated by name and a triangulation symbol on the 
published charts of oyster bars of Maryland. In this case they are referred to by serial 
number only, the words "charts of oyster bars of Maryland" being omitted to avoid 
needless repetition. These published oyster charts are on the large scale of i part in 
20,000 (approximately 3'/^ inches to a statute mile) and show the location of the trian- 
gulation stations so clearly that in many cases the written descriptions will not be 
required to find them. 

Immediate locality. — Under this heading is given the description of the "observed 
station" in reference to its immediate surroundings. This is supposed to include a 
statement of the station's estimated elevation above high water or some other well- 
defined level of the locality, such as a road or house; the character of the ground on 
which it is located, such as marsh land, sand beach, cultivated field, or meadow; esti- 
mated bearings in points of the compass and estimated distances in yards from (not to) 
easily recognized features, such as extreme end of point, edge of bluff, bank of creek, 
line of telephone poles, shore line, barn, house, fence, ditch, trees, or any other definite 
detail, such as being on range with the tangent of an island and a church; and so forth. 

When a standard monument has been established near the station as a "reference 
station," this heading also covers a statement of the true bearing of the monument in 
degrees and minutes and its measured distance in meters, as it is the first object that 
is likely to catch the eye when the immediate vicinity of the desired station is reached 
and might be mistaken for the center mark of the "obsers^ed station" unless special 
attention is called to it. 

The distinction between the "observed station" and "reference station" should 
be carefully noted by anyone making use of the description of stations for any future 
surveying operations. 

The "observed station" is located at the particular triangulation point covered by 
the description of stations, and is the one whose geographic position is first computed, as 
it is the point which was "occupied" and "observed on" for horizontal angles. How- 
ever, in spite of the primary importance of the location of the "observed station," 
it will be noted from the description of stations that frequently it is not marked as well 
as the "reference station," and in many instances has only a pine stub to indicate its 
position. This is the case for the reason that the necessity of intervisibility of land- 
marks usually made it compulsory to locate "observed stations" on edges of banks and 
ends of points of land, which in the tide-water section of Maryland generally means they 
will be washed away in a short period of years. The past experience of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey in this region has shown the great need of "reference stations," if the 
frequent reestablishment of a new framework of triangulation is to be avoided. 

The chief reason and need for the establishment of the "reference station," or 
secondary station, as it might be well named, is explained in the preceding paragraph, 
but in several instances other reasons, such as the location of the "observed station" 
on an unstable sand dune, in a cultivated field, in front of a residence, or other places 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 25 

objectionable to the landowner, have led to establishment of "reference stations," 
The location of the "reference station" in relation to the "observed station" is fixed 
for plotting on charts or for computation of its geographic position by checked measure- 
ments of its distances and azimuth from the "obser\'ed station."" 

Marks. — Under this heading is given a description of the character of the permanent 
monuments or other marks of the location of the "observed station," and of the "refer- 
ence station" where one has been established. 

All the marks designated in the descriptions as "the center point of triangle on 
standard cement monument " are exactly alike. These monuments are made of cement, 
sand, and gravel, and are 2 feet long and 8 inches square at top and bottom. Their tops 
are all marked with the same brass mold and show a center hole surrounded by a 
triangle, with the letters "M. S. F. C." arranged around the vertex and the letters 
"U. S. C. S." underneath the base of the triangle. The center hole is always in the 
center of the top of the monument by construction, and if this is found to have been 
broken off without disturbing the bottom the center of its square section can be used 
as the location of the station. 

All the "standard cement monuments," whether used for marking the "observed 
station" or "reference station," have been planted upright in exactly the same manner, 
with their tops projecting 3 or 4 inches above the surface of the ground, unless otherwise 
stated. 

Therefore, as the above facts in reference to the "standard cement monuments" 
are a constant element in all cases, the repetition of these facts in the description of 
stations is made needless by this one statement. 

References. — Under this heading are given the "rounds" of directions and distances 
to all objects that might be useful in locating the stations when the surface marks can 
not be found. It is also contemplated that for general purposes of topography, hydrog- 
raphy, or location of boundaries of oyster bars these references will be sufficient in 
many cases to relocate the position of an "observed station" or "reference station" 
when both of them have been destroyed. 

The first reference object given in the descriptions is always a triangulation station 
visible from the station being described, this, if possible, being a light-house, church 
spire, or other permanent and prominent point. Its direction is taken as being 
0° 00' 00", and the directions of all other objects are measured from it as an initial 
point, the angles being taken in a clockwise direction (left to right). 

The true bearing '' of the initial object is always given in parenthesis alongside 
its name. This furnishes means for the calculation of the bearings of any of the other 
reference objects for the purposes of locating a station by horizontal angles or for the 
relocation of corner buoys of oyster-bar boundaries by the method of compass directions 
described in this publication under the heading of "Boundaries of oyster bars." 

The distances in the last column under "References" are given in three different 
units, which vary according to their accuracy. The "miles" are statute miles and may 



" Geographic coordinates (latitude and longitude) and the distance and azimuth relating to any of 
the "observed stations" or of the "reference stations" described in this publication can be obtained 
by application to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, at Washington, D. C. 

f> The mean magnetic variation for Calvert County was 5° 50' west of north in 1909 and increasing 
at the rate of 3' yearly. 



26 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

be considered only as rough estimates. The "yards" are more accurate, but must be 
looked on as results generally obtained by pacing or careful estimating. The "meters," 
however, are accurate to the degree indicated by their decimals and in every case have 
been measured with a steel tape. In the same manner the accuracy of the directions 
are indicated by the refinement of angular measure with which they are recorded. 

DESCRIPTIONS OF TRIANGULATION STATIONS. 

HOLLAND. 

General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay, on south side of entrance to Herring Bay on 
HoHand Point. (See Chart No. i6.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 30 yards west of point, 5 feet back from the top of 
a bank 7 feet high, 12 yards north of a large blazed tree and 25 yards east of another large blazed tree. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 12.88 meters S 3Z° 52' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a pine stub. Reference station is center point of triangle 
on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Fairhaven" (N 48° 13' W) o 00 00 2 H' miles. 

Nail in blaze on red-oak tree (2% feet diam- 
eter) 238 49 -- 1 1. 1 7 meters. 

Reference STATION 262 05 00 12.88 meters. 

Nail in blaze on red-oak tree (2K feet diam- 
eter) 286 55 __ 22.63 meters. 

Note. — This station was established and described in ir)o6 during the survey of the oyster bars 
of Anne Arundel County. 

HOG POINT (HOLLAND 3). 

General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay, about half way between Herring Bay and 
Chesapeake Beach, on Hog Point, which is near the land end of boundary line between Anne Arundel 
and Calvert counties. (See Chart No. 16.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 5 feet above high water mark on a narrow strip 
of solid land 25 yards by 10 yards between the edge of a large marsh and the bay shore, about 60 
yards north of the point where the shore line changes direction from north and south to northeast 
and southwest. It is about 4 yards west of the bay shore, 4 yards east of top edge of hummock near 
marsh, 7 yards east of edge of marsh, g yards north northwest of point of a hummock, and 18 yards 
south by west of point of another hummock. Cement monument marking reference station of igo8 
is 2.13 meters S 80° 38' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in center of drain tile set in cement, with top flush with ground, 
the cement being roughly scribed " U. S. C. & G. S., 1907." Suljsurface marks to observed station 
were reported in 1907 as being two hexagonal drain tiles placed one directly over the other, with top 
of upper 3 feet below the surface of the ground. Reference station of 1907 is marked the same as the 
observed station, except that only one drain tile was used as subsurface mark. Reference station 
of 1908 is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Sharps Island Light" (S 58° 46' E) o 00 00 gs smiles. 

Left tangent of North Chesapeake Beach 

wharf 58 16 __ _?4 mile. 

Flagstaff on center of Carousel roof 64 49 30 iSg miles 

Large brick chimney 75 34 30 2 miles. 

Water tank 76 44 50 2 miles. 

Nail in blaze in white oak (16 inches diam- 
eter) 138 40 20 6.32 meters. 

Reference st.\tion 1908 (cement monu- 
ment) 139 23 40 2.13 meters. 



Survey oj Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



27 



Nail in blaze in pin oak (18 inches diani- ° ' " 

eter) 190 18 20 7.98 meters. 

Nail in blaze in pin oak (16 inches diam- 
eter) 236 14 _. 17.65 meters. 

Nail in blaze in pin oak (18 inches diam- 
eter). -- 250 02 20 21.96 meters. 

Reference st.ation 1907 (tile) 255 18 50 n. 13 meters. 

Left tangent of woods on eastern shore of 

bay - 299 4.( 50 9^4 miles. 

Note. — This station is also known as "Holland 3 of 1907," but the name has been changed to 
"Hog Point (Holland 3)" in the oyster survey work of Calvert County, in order to avoid confusion 
with "Holland 1906," which is only i mile to the north. 

BEACH. 

General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay, about i mile south of Chesapeake Beach and 
yi mile south of the first marshy slough south of Chesapeake Beach. (See Chart No. 16.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about iio feet above high water and 7 yards back from 
the edge of the highest bluff in this vicinity. The ground falls off rapidly to the southwest and west 
of the station, and is covered with brush and small locust trees. A cultivated field extends to within 
10 yards of the station on the northwest. Cement monument marking reference station of igoS is 
11.40 meters N 85° 05' \V of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in center of drain tile set in cement, with top flush with ground. 
Subsurface marks to observed station were reported in 1907 as being two hexagonal drain tiles placed 
one directly over the other, with top of upper 3 feet below the surface of the ground. Reference sta- 
tion of 1907 is marked the same as the observed station, except that only one drain tile was used as a 
subsurface mark. Reference station of 1908 is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Reference.'!. — • o / // 

"Hog Point (Holland 3)" (N 2° 55' E) o 00 00 _ _ _ _ 2'' i miles. 

Outside end of wharf at North Chesapeake 

Beach o 45 _. _._ _. 2 miles. 

Outside end of wharf near Chesapeake 

Beach 18 17 

"Sharps Island Light" '. 102 46 

Nail in blazed locust tree 161 08 

Reference station (cement monument, 

1908) 272 00 

Old reference point (tile — 1907) 282 13 

Nail in blazed locust tree 289 58 

Near gable of house 343 1 6 

High View Hotel 344 57 

Cupola at Chesapeake Beach- 348 04 

Flagpole of "merry-go-round" at Chesa- 
peake Beach 353 44 

Left corner of house at North Chesapeake 

Beach 358 26 _. 2 miles. 



- - I mile. 

20 8-'.4 miles. 

00 16. 85 meters. 

20 1 1. 40 meters. 

10 10. 25 meters. 

20 — , — 8. 47 meters. 

- - I mile. 

- . yi mile. 

-- 3<^ mile. 

/ 

_- i^ mile. 



ILL 



General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay about 2 '4 miles south of Chesapeake Beach 
and 2,3^ miles north of Plum Point. (See Chart No. 16.) , 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 90 feet above high water and 12 feet west of edge 
of bluff which rises rapidly from the south. It is in a cultivated field about 100 yards south of a fence 
and trees running east and west and 7 feet west of a wire fence along edge of cliff. No other permanent 
reference objects near station. Cement monument marking reference station is 23.84 meters S 80° 
43' W of station. 



28 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



Marks. — Observed station is nail in cement in center of drain tile with top flush with ground. 
Subsurface marks to observed station were reported in igoy as being two hexagonal drain tiles placed 
one directly over the other with top of upper 3 feet below the surface of the ground. Reference station 
of 1907 is marked the same as the observed station, except that only one drain tile was used as a sub- 
surface mark. Reference station of 1908 is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. - 
Rejerences. — o 1 n 

"Sharps Island Light " (S 82° 30' E) o 00 

Tangent of land to south 62 39 

New gable of unpainted barn 104 49 

Left chimney of four-gabled house.. 116 36 

North gable of small barn 127 15 

Center chimney of white house 140 33 

Reference station of 1908 (cement mon- 
ument) 163 12 

East gable of unpainted barn 164 10 

Chimney on outside of old house 169 41 

Reference STATION of 1907 (tile) 179 51 

South gable of house at North Beach 260 29 

Tangent of woods on Holland Point 263 36 

Tangent on north end of Poplar Island 305 59 

PLUM 3. 



00 8 '4 miles. 

-. I '4 miles. 

_- i:^ mile. 

- - I mile. 

li mile. 

-- • ^i mile. 

40 23.83 meters. 

- - ^i. mile. 

-- .. I mile. 

20 1 6.80 meters. 

- - lyi miles. 

- - - - 43-2 miles. 

-- lo^i miles. 



General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay about \% miles north by west of Plum Point 
wharf and about yi mile north by west of Plum Point. (See Chart No. 16.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 7 yards west of edge of first bluff north of low land 
above Plum Point wharf and 1 2 yards south of rail fence and a line of bushes and cedar trees. Cement 
monument marking reference station of 1908 is 14.03 meters S 81° 43' W of observed station. No 
other reference objects near station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of drain tile with top flush with ground. Subsurface marks 
to observed station were reported in 1907 as being two hexagonal drain tiles placed one directly above 
the other with the top of the upper tile 3 feet below the surface of the ground. Reference station of 
1907 is marked the same as the observed station except that only one drain tile was used as a subsurface 
mark. Reference station of 1908 is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Rejerences. — o > n 

"Sharps Island Light" (N 81° 31' E) o 

Peak of near gable of large house 10 

Outer end of Plum Point wharf . _ . . . 78 

Chimney outside of north end of house 120 

Southwest peak of barn 1 50 

Reference station 1908 (cement monu- 
ment) 1 80 

Reference station 1907 (tile) 213 

Tangent to Holland Point 273 

Right tangent Chesapeake Beach wharf 273 

Left tangent Poplar I sland 312 

Large lone tree Poplar Island 319 

Left chimney of house 326 

Left chimney of house 334 

Steeple on church or house Tilghman Island. 341 



00 7 f^ miles. 

- - 8X miles. 

. . . . 1 14 miles. 

-'- I '4 miles, 

- - ?<4 mile. 

20 1403 meters. 

10 _ _ . . 14.23 meters. 

- - - --- 7K miles. 

- - - - 4;'^ miles. 

10 _ 1 2 ' 2 miles. 

lo 12 miles. 



30 -- 1 2 J^ miles. 

55 - - II miles. 

02 00 10 miles. 



PIER. 



General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay about south southeast of Plum Point on outer 
end of wharf at Plum Point Landing. (See Charts Nos. 16 and 17.) 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 29 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on outer part of wharf known as Plum Point Landing about 
20 yards from extreme end and nearly on line with northern side of warehouse. 

Marks. — Observed station is an auger hole bored in plank flooring of wharf surrounded by a triangle 
marked by nails. 
References. — 

Northeast corner of calf pen Southeast 6.68 meters. 

Northwest corner of calf pen South southeast 4.48 meters. 

Rail of fence on south edge of wharf South 2. 03 meters. 

Prolongation of line of north side of ware- 
house North o.ii meter. 

South rail of wharf track North 0.92 meter. 

North rail of wharf track - North 2.36 meters. 

North side of wharf North 3.39 meters. 

West side of warehouse East 8.60 meters. 

SHARPS ISLAND LIGHT. 

General locality. — Easterly side of Chesapeake Bay off entrance to Choptank River on a shoal 
about ijs miles north northwest of Sharps Island. (See Chart No. 16.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on light-house known as "Sharps Island Light." 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of black lantern on top of tower on a cylindrical caisson 
foundation. 

Reference. — ° ' " 

" Parker" (S 44° 36' W) o 00 00 10 miles. 

PEN. 

General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay about half way between Plum Point and 
Governors Run on the outer end of Dares Wharf. (See Chart No. 17.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on outer part of Dares Wharf about 30 yards from the 
extreme end, 12 yards west of warehouse, and i yard north of south side of wharf. 

Marks. — Observed station is auger hole in plank flooring surrounded by a triangle marked by nails. 
References. — 

Southwest corner of warehouse East by south i i.io meters. 

Inside corner on angle in wharf East by south 5.09 meters. 

South edge of wharf South 0.95 meter. 

South rail of straight track at point of frog- North .. 2.13 meters. 

South rail of curved track North 0.90 meter. 

North edge of wharf North 4.15 meters. 

Southwest corner of cattle pen Northeast 7.12 meters. 

Southeast corner of cattle pen Northeast by north , 9.63 meters. 

Northwest corner of warehouse Northeast by nort h . i 2 . 80 meters. 

PATCH. 

General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay about i mile south of Dares Wharf. (See 
Chart No. 17.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a high bluff of land about 65 yards back from its edge. 
Station is in a cultivated field and on a high knoll and the land slopes away from it on all sides. A locust 
thicket stands northwest of the station and the land slopes steeply from the station to the thicket. 
Cement monument marking reference station is g.07 meters N 52° 41' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail set in cement in tile pipe buried with top about 15 inches below 
the surface of the ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument 
References. — ° ' " 

"Sharps Island Light " (N 50° 39' Hi - o 00 00 10 miles. 

"Cove Point Light" - - 96 01 20 15 miles. 

Tangent to Point of Rocks _ 98 30 __ 4 miles. 



30 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



East end of Governors Run wharf 112 

East end of roof of barn 155 

Nail in blazed locust (old reference mark)- . 210 

Nail in blazed locust (old reference mark)__ 226 

Reference station (cement monument) _ 256 

East peak of large barn on hill 257 

East end of Plum Point wharf 316 

PARKER. 



57 -- I '4 miles. 

25 - _ I mile. 

17 50 II .93 meters. 

02 50 12.04 meters. 

49 10 9.07 meters. 

14 .- '/i' mile. 

50 _ _ 3.'.^ miles. 



Genera/ locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay about 2 miles north of Governors Run wharf 
and 2 '2 miles south of Dares Wharf. (See Chart No. 17.) 

Immediale locality. — Observed station is about 100 feet above high water, 10 yards west of edge of 
bluff, 50 yards north of a small stream in a deep gully, and 25 yards east of cultivated field back of a 
growth of locust trees. The land slopes rapidly to the small stream from a point about 10 yards south 
of the station. Reference station is 23.29 meters N 83° 45' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in center of tile pipe filled with cement. Reference station is 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Cove Point Light" (S 36° 39' E) o 

East end of Governors Run wharf 11 

Reference station 132 

Nail in blazed locust 159 

East end of Dares Wharf 223 

"Sharps Island Light" 261 

White house on Eastern Shore 327 



00 00 II miles. 

10 .- \],i miles. 

54 10 23.29 meters. 

39 25 8.19 meters. 

45 .- 3X miles. 

10 30 II miles. 

32 .. 10 miles. 



RUN. 



General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay on Governors Run wharf. (See Charts Nos. 
17 and 18.) 

Immediate locality. — East peak of wharf house. 

Marks. — Observed station is braced pole with cage on east peak of wharf house on Governors Run 
wharf. 

References. — None necessary. 

POPLAR. 

General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay about 2 miles south of Governors Run wharf 
(See Chart No. 18.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a cultivated field about 60 feet above high water, 50 feet 
west from edge of bluff, 25 yards south of a ravine which starts at shore, 115 yards north of where 
high cliff covered with trees commences to rise rapidly, and ^o yards from a large poplar tree on opposite 
side of a ravine with sycamore, cherry, and locust trees along its edge. Another bluff rises rapidly on 
opposite side of ravine. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with a sub- 
surface mark of a nail in a short stub. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Sharps Island Light" (N 27° 41' E) ' o 00 

Tangent of James Point woods 18 28 

White house on Eastern vShore 65 00 

Chimney on house 198 25 

East peak of barn 203 

East end of Governors Run wharf 309 

Chimney on white house above " Parker" _ 310 

South peak of barn . 311 

Peak of unpainted barn 317 



12 miles. 

8 miles. 

00 __ 8 miles. 

25 _- I mile. 

37 _. i]4 miles. 

18 iK miles. 

45 - - 2 K miles. 

47 - 2 %■ miles. 

23 __ 3 miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Aid. 



31 



East end of Dares Wharf 320 

East end of Plum Point wharf 324 

Tangent of PUjm Point _ 325 

FLAG POXD. 



4 miles. 

8 miles. 

9 miles. 



General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay, 3;'4 miles north-northwest of Point of Rocks 
and 4 miles southeast of Governors Run. (See Chart No. 18.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass land between bay shore and swamp 
about 5 feet above high water, 35 yards south of shore, 20 yards northwest of shore, 9 yards north- 
west of cedars between shore and station, 10 yards west of cedars and bushes, 25 yards west of shore, 
and 10 yards northeast of swamp. Cement monument marking reference station is 9.02 meters N 
87° 33' W of observed station. 

.Marks. — Observed station is a spike in cement in a stovepipe 4 inches in diameter and i foot long 
placed on top of a cement post 6 inches square with a j4-inch galvanized iron rod core. Reference 
station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Cove Point Light" (S4i°57'E) o 

Spike in blaze 10 

Spike in blaze in cedar tree 131 

Reference st.^tion 134 

Spike in blaze in cedar tree. _ 162 

Spike in blaze in cedar tree 269 

Right edge of main woods 282 

Left peak of house 302 

Left peak of house with two dormer 
windows 318 



00 00 6X miles. 

48 40 13.56 meters. 

36 40 14.88 meters. 

23 30 9.02 meters. 

27 -. 18.48 meters. 

43 50 8.80 meters. 

19 50 7^ miles. 

07 50 7>4' miles. 

18 -. 8J-2 miles. 



WILSON 2. 



' Cove Point 



General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay, about 3 miles northwest of 
Light." (See Chart No. 18.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a sand bluff about 80 feet above high water, 30 yards 
south from one edge of bank, 15 yards southwest of another edge of bank, 20 yards northwest from 
point where decline begins toward southeast, 3 yards south of cultivated land, about X "I'ls north- 
northeast of house with two large chimneys on each end, and about V2 mile northeast of a bam. Cement 
monument marking reference station is 1.56 meters N 88° 28' E of observed station. 

.Marks. — Obsen.-ed station is a '4-inch galvanized wire set in center of cement post about 6 inches 
square with top about 6 inches below surface of ground. Reference station is center point of triangle 
on standard cement monument with top 6 inches above ground. 

References. — ° ' " 

" Sharps Island Light " ,(N 14° 54' E) o 

Left of main woods 18 

Reference st.'^tion 73 

Left peak of house 84 

Near corner of near chimney of Wilson 

house igi 

Peak of barn * 22s 



00 14 miles. 

_- 1534 miles. 

20 . _ _ 1.56 meters 

40 8 miles. 



25 



'4' mile. 
'2 mile. 



POINT OF ROCKS. 



General locality. - 
of Cove Point Light. 



-Western shore of Chesapeake Bay, on Point of Rocks, about 2 3 
(See Chart No. 18.) 



miles northwest 



32 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

humediale locality. — Observed station is in dense woods on a bluff about 90 feet high, 5 yards 
west of edge at extreme point, 8 yards south of edge of bluff, and 5 yards northwest of edge of blulT. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 9.42 meters S 66° 44' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in center of round stake 4 inches in diameter with top flush 
with ground driven into a 6-inch drain tile with top 6 inches below the surface. Subsurface mark 
was reported in 1898 as a 6-inch drain tile set just below upper tile. Reference station is center point 
of triangle on standard cement monument with top 4 inches above surface of ground. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Cove Point Light" (S 43° 26' E) o 00 00 2^ miles. 

Center nail in blaze of tree (13 inches diam- 
eter) 19 19 40 5.64 meters. 

Center nail in blaze of tree (13 inches diam- 
eter) 90 05 30 5.62 meters. 

Reference STATION no 09 30 g. 42 meters. 

Nail in blaze in tree (9 inches diameter) 126 35 40 4.16 meters. 

Right tangent Governors Run Wharf 186 20 20 7 >^ miles. 

Tangent of main woods 249 57 __ iyi raWts. 

Left peak of large house ^ 297 45 20 6 miles. 

Northerly peak of large house 312 17 30 63j^ miles. 

COVE POINT LIGHT. 

General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay on Cove Point, which is about 5 miles to 
northward of entrance to Patuxent River. (See Charts Nos. 18 and 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on white tower known as "Cove Point Light" which is 
near white detached dwelling and white detached fog signal house. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of black lantern on white tower. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Cedar Point Light" (S 7° 16' E) o 00 00 6 miles. 

WHITE HOUSE (N. E. CHIMNEY). 

General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay about i mile southwest of Cove Point Light 
and ,'4 mile southwest of Cove Point Landing. (See Charts Nos. 18 and 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is a chimney standing alone about 300 yards southwest of 
Cove Point Landing which was formerly the more northeasterly of two chimneys on a house that was 
destroyed by fire. This chimney is near a white house which was built to replace the destroyed house. 

Marks. — A chimney standing apart from a small white house owned by Mrs. Hagland. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Cove Point Light" (N 39° 54' E) o 00 00 i mile. 

TRAVERS 2. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay on western side of Taylors Island about 4 
miles south of James Point. (See Chart No. 18.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 4 feet above high water mark in a field which was 
once under cultivation but is now covered with water bushes, about 40 yards east of shore and 15 feet 
north of a wire fence which starts at the shore and runs east. A stone used as an old reference mark 
stands 9.41 meters N 26° 53' E of observed station and the cement monument markingnew reference 
station is 9.52 meters N 77° 20' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a granite post projecting above the ground with cross lines running 
approximately north to south and east to west. New reference station is center point of triangle on 
standard cement monument. Old reference station is a cross on a granite post projecting above the 
ground with one of the cross lines running in the direction of Cove Point Light. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



33 



References. — ° ' 

"Cove Point Light" (S 26° 15' VV) o 00 

Governors Run Wharf 77 12 

Tangent of woods at waters edge 123 40 

Near peak of two-story house 173 23 

Old reference stone (granite post) 180 38 

Chimney of I ' 2 story house 195 47 

New reference station (cement monu- 
ment) 256 24 

Near corner of small cabin 271 32 

Near chimney of house among trees 300 54 

Near peak of small house 304 54 

PRINCE. 



00 6 ' ^ miles. 

- - 9 >2 miles. 

- - % mile. 

- - % mile. 

20 g.41 meters. 

- - '4 mile. 

50 g.52 meters. 

- . J'4 mile. 

- - '2 mile. 

_. J^ mile. 



mile north of mouth of Swanson 



General locality. — Western shore of Patuxent River about 
Creek. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in pasture about 20 feet above high water, 15 yards north- 
west of edge of bank, 75 yards northeast of a grove of trees and 100 yards southwest of another grove 
of trees. Locust trees form a fringe along edge of bank. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument 
References. — ° ' " 

"Leitch" (S 83° 01' E) o 00 00 >^ mile. 

Square chimney on house o 02 .. ^ mile. 

Chimney on store at Buena Vista ig 15 .. i^ miles. 

Chimney of Dr. Huggins house at Buena 

Vista 21 07 __ ij^ miles. 

Nearest chimney on Gourley house on Hal- 
lowing Point 55 16 __ 2'-2 miles. 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (3 inches 

diameter) 79 38 30 15.94 meters. 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches 

diameter) iio 13 

Outside chimney on large house on hill 150 45 

Near end of peak of roof ' 226 02 

Middle of clump of trees 273 

Chimney of house 311 

Nail in blaze in crotch of locust tree (6 

inches diameter) 350 39 10 19.27 meters. 

LEITCH. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Patuxent River on prominent point opposite mouth of Swanson 
Creek given on chart as Gods Grace Point but known locally as Leitchs Point. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass land about i foot above high water 
and 3 yards north of straight line connecting two round points. It is about 13 yards northwest of 
the lower of these two points and 9 yards east of upper point. A creek 3 feet wide has its mouth about 
19 yards east by south of the station. There are no permanent objects near station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Prince" (N 83° 00' W) o 00 00 J^' mile. 

Near end of corner peak of roof of large 

house on hill ' 25 02 if^ miles. 

Near end of peak. of wharf-house roof 77 46 _. X ^nile. 

Right chimney of house 183 32 __ J^ mile. 

20908 — 10 3 



30 14.55 meters. 

-. ^ mile. 

__ ^^ mile. 

00 -_ 100 yards. 

04 . - I f 4 miles. 



34 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



Right chimney of Gourley house 253 58 __ _ .. 2 miles. 

Canning-house stack 277 22 00 ._ _ 2 miles. 

"Catholic Church Cross" 281 35 30 2 miles. 

Chimney of small house-- 308 52 ._ i mile. 

Right outside chimney of old house 328 43 -- 1,14 miles. 

Right outside chimney of old house 343 05 i K miles. 

FODDER. 



General loeality. — Western shore of Patuxent River on the southern side of the mouth of Svvanson 
Creek about i mile west-southwest of Leitch Wharf and ^^ mile west-northwest of Point Judith (locally 
known as Teague Point). (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on the edge of cultivated land about 10 feet above high- 
water mark, 4 yards west of edge of bank, and 9 yards north of another edge. Cement monument mark- 
ing reference station is 15.21 meters S 60° 52' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with a top 9 
inches square and 8 inches above surface of ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on 
standard cement monument with a top about 8 inches square and 5 in hes above surface of ground. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Prince" (N 25° 00' E) o 00 00 

Near peak of large house on bluff 17 55 

Right corner of house 24 08 -_ 

Near peak of Leitch Wharf house 35 11 

Left peak of Leitch house 48 37 

Front peak of house at Buena Vista 75 00 

Chimney outside left end of house on hill 87 16 . _ 

Near peak of small house 10 1 33 

Large chimney on small house 174 43 

Left side of left chimney outside Bowling 

house 211 47 

Reference station 215 52 30 

Left corner of house on top of hill 318 27 

BUENA. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Patuxent River about i'^ miles northeast of Benedict at place 
known as Buena Vista. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a field on land adjoining house owned by S. V. Smith and 
occupied by Doctor Huggins. It is about 10 feet above high water, 8 yards east of edge of bank, and 12 
yards south of a rail fence. Cement monument marking reference station is 11. 11 meter* N 5° 42' E 
of observed station and near fence. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub with top 2 inches above ground. Reference station is cen- 
ter point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

Rejerences — '^ 

" Hallowing" (S 27° 22' W) c 

Center of red roof on square house near 

Benedict li 

Canning-house stack • 21 

"Catholic Church Cross" 29 04 10 134 miles. 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches diam- 
eter) ■ 31 48 

Left chimney of old house 66 15 

Left chimney.of old house 72 52 



':;' 


mile. 


2 


miles. 


iK 


miles. 


1J4 


miles. 


^H 


miles. 


■-'-4 


miles. 


2 


miles. 


ys 


mile. 


I 


mile. 


K 


mile. 


15.21 


meters 


I 


mile. 



i>2 miles. 



05 __ 2 miles 

30 - . I J:^ miles. 



40 8.58 meters. 

. - 3 miles. 

_ _ 3 miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



35 



Nail in blaze on clierry tree (2 inches diani- ° ' 

eter) 99 05 

Peak of roof of large house - - 99 15 

Chimney of house near Leitch Wharf 108 52 

Nail in blaze on fence post 143 33 

Reference STATION 158 20 

Near corner of house 159 44 

Cherry tree on fence line (15 inches diam- 
eter): 221 25 

Double apple tree (30 inches diameter) 290 54 

TEAGUE. 



-_ 9.70 meters. 

._ 4 miles. 

I mile. 

50 II. 18 meters. 

20 1 1 . 1 1 meters. 

- _ _ .._■ 25 yards. 



35 yards. 
59 yards. 



General locality. — \\'estern shore of Patuxent River on point on southern side of entrance to Swan- 
son Creek, locally known as Teague Point, and given on chart as Point Judith. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on gravel and grass land about 3 feet above high water, 
about II yards from south side, 16 yards from north-northeast side, and 75 yards west by north of 
extreme end of point. Bushes stand between station and north side of point. There are no perma- 
nent reference objects near station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

" Buena " (N 85 ° 24' E) o 

Tangent of Teague Point 20 

Near corner of right chimney of Gourley 

house near Hallowing Point 65 

Canning-house stack 106 

Near end of peak of hotel -. 108 

Left one of two ivy-covered chimneys 1 10 

' ' Catholic Church Cross " 114 

Chimney on Slye House 130 

Left chimney of house on hill 144 

Tangent of high-water mark 168 

Near end of peak of roof 223 

Chimney on large house on hill 243 

Left chimney on house 301 

Near end of peak of roof on store at Buena 
Vista 355 



00 00 I '2 miles. 

00 . . 75; yards. 



J4 miles. 

,'4 miles. 

■4' miles. 

I mile. 

1 mile. 

2 miles. 
2 miles. 



30 - - 
57 . . . _ . 
00 ^ - 75 yards. 



41 



17 



I mile. 
3 miles. 
I mile. 



59 



I y^ miles. 



CITY. 



mile north-northeast 



General locality. — Western shore of Patuxent River on Town Point about 
of Benedict steamboat wharf. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on gravel and shell point about 4 feet above high water, 
12 yards northwest of the shore, 63 yards west-southwest of a shanty, about 100 yards west-southwest 
of extreme end of point, and 1 1 yards southeast of a slough. There are no permanent reference objects 
near station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Rejcrences. — ° ' " 

" Hallowing" (S 51° 21' E) o 00 

Windmill near Sheridan Point - . 21 39 

Two middle chimneys at Dowells 21 39 

IvCft tangent of peak of wharf-hou?e roof 81 34 

Center of rcof of square house 84 36 

Canning-house stack 1 95 22 

Nearest ivy-covered chimney of old house ^_ 130 14 
"Catholic Church Cross" _. 142 58 



00 ) 2 mile. 

00 3|^ miles. 

00 3 J^ miles. 

-- ],i mile. 

20 % mile. 

00 ^ mile. 

-- ^^ mile. 

50 ■4'' mile. 



36 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



Left square chimney of house __ 245 

Near end of peak of roof of Huggins house. _ 280 

Near corner of shanty 300 

Right chimney of Gourley house 339 

Chimney of old building behind wharf 352 

HALLOWING. 



42 _ . I J^ miles. 

54 - - I K miles. 

44 - - 63 yards. 

20 . _ J-^ mile. 

01 -. J4 mile 



00 00 5^ mile. 

15 -_ 250 yards. 

27 __ i3f miles. 



General locality. — Eastern shore of Patuxent River on point opposite Benedict known locally as 
Holland Point, but given on charts as Hallowing Point. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality- — Observed station is on a rounded gravel and grass point about 250 yards south 
of wharf on Holland Point, about 2 feet above high water, 10 yards north of shore, 8 yards east of shore 
and 15 yards outside of a group of locust trees, sugar-berry trees, and bushes. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"City" (N5i°2i' W) o 

Left end of peak of roof of wharf house on 

Holland Point 23 

Chimney of store at Buena Vista 77 

Nail in blaze in nearest one of group of four 

sugar-berry trees (each 8 inches diameter) _ 92 24 __ 12.88 meters. 

Nail in blaze in sugar-berry tree (10 inches 

diameter) 109 58 50 15.74 meters. 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches diame- 
ter) 167 55 40 1 1. go meters. 

Smokepipe on Trent Hall Wharf building_ _ 227 35 _. 2 X miles. 

Outside chimney of detached house at Soth- 

orons 309 54 _. iX miles. 

Center of roof on square house 314 15 ,. %■ mile. 

Canning-house stack 333 16 -_ ^ mile. 

"Catholic Church Cross" 347 44 20 J^ mile. 

INDIAN. 

General locality. — Western shore of Patuxent River on north side of entrance to Indian Creek and 
about one-fourth mile below Benedict steamboat wharf. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 3 feet above high water, 7 yards west of shore, 16 
yards northeast of a fence and a line of trees, 13 yards southwest of a lone locust tree, about 250 yards 
to the south-southeast of a large square house, and 1 25 yards east-northeast of aYiother house. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Rejcrcnccs. — • o / // 

"Sothoron" (S 23° 11' E) o 00 00 i mile. 

Nail in blaze in locust tree near fence ( =; 

inches diameter) ^t, 48 50 15.57 meter;-.. 

Nail in blaze in middle branch of locust tree 

(6 inches diameter) 66 

Square chimney on old house 137 

Right chimney of square house 188 

Near end of peak of roof of hotel 206 

Canning-house stack 213 

Right tangent of Benedict Wharf 228 

Chimney of house near "Buena Vista" 245 

Chimney of Gourley house 270 

Windmill at Dowell's on Sheridan Point 344 

Left of right chimney on Dowell house 344 

Nail in blaze in left branch of locust tree (5 
inches diameter) 225 



58 



48 



19.13 meters. 


I '4 miles. 


/ 8 mile. 


% mile. 


^■i mile. 


■2 mile. 


2^4 miles. 


I mue. 


\% miles 


4, '4 miles. 


12.90 meters. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



37 



30 



'4 mile. 

2 miles. 
I mile." 

4.22 meters. 

1J4 miles. 

I, '4 miles. 

34 mile. 

8.94 meters. 



22 20 2.68 meters. 

48 - _ 2 miles. 

30 -- 2% miles. 

35 -- I ,'-2 miles. 

12 20 i^ miles. 

21 -- I mile. 



DWARF. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Patuxent River about 2 miles north-northwest of Sheridan Point 
and about i '2 miles southeast of Benedict on a point of land opposite the mouth of Indian Creek. (See 
Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locaiity. — Observed station is on sand and grass land about i foot above high-water 
mark, 6 yards northeast from extreme end of point, 4 yards east of one edge of shore and 6 yards north 
of another edge of shore. Point on which station is located has a sugar-berry tree, several small locust 
trees and water bushes, and a pond behind liushes and trees about 100 yards to the east. 
Marks. — 01)ser\'ed station is center ])oint of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Rejercnces. — ° ' " 

" Sothoron" (S 42° 05' \V) o 00 

Nearest corner of top of nearest chimney on 

tenant house 80 31 

Center of roof of square house 83 16 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches diame- 
ter) 93 38 

Canning-house stack ^ 95 03 

" Catholic Church Cross" gg 03 

Left tangent of wharf 124 19 

Nail in sugar-berry tree (10 inches diameter) 152 38 
Nail in blaze in locust tree (3 inches diam- 
eter) 196 22 

Chimney on small house 25.8 48 

Left point of peak of roof of Dowell's 287 

Left end of peak of roof of Trent Hall Wharf. 315 

Middle cupola on stable 321 

Right pillar on Sothoron house porch 359 

SOTHORON. 

General locality. — Western shore of Patuxent River on Long Point hetl^■een entrances to Indian and 
Trent Hall creeks. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass lowland about i foot above high-water 
mark among cedar trees, about 24 yards west by north of extreme end of point, 12 yards north of one 
edge of shore and 30 yards southwest of another edge of shore. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

" Hallowing" (Ni3°5i'E) o 

Nearest chimney on Gourley house 3 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches diame- 
ter) 30 49 __ 3.35 meters. 

Left end of peak of roof of Dowell house 1 20 35 

Middle cupola on Trent Hall stable 150 25 

Point of middle attic window on John Bul- 

linger house 187 42 

Left pillar of porch of Sothoron house 206 23 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree (12 inches diame- 
ter) 242 51 50 S. 1 2 meters 

Near corner of nearest chimney on Slye 

house 2gi 05 20 2 miles. 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches diame- 

ter)i 302 29 40 10.83 meters. 

Right one of two outside chimneys on old 

house on hill on property of A. B. Slye 307 31 20 2 miles. 

Center of roof on square house 323 39 10 1 mile. 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (6 inches diame- 
ter) : 350 24 10 12.81 meters. 



5.5 



I ]i miles. 
I X miles. 



- - 2 '4 miles. 

00 I V4 miles. 



I mile. 
' 2 mile. 



38 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Aid. 



BUZZ. 



General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on southwest side of Buzzards Island near 
mouth of Buzzards Island Creek. (See Chart No. 19,) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on marsh, clay, and grass land on wooded island about 2 

feet above high water, 5 yards northeast of river shore and 40 yards northwest of extreme point of 

island. Cement monument marking reference station is 8.97 meters N 42° 23' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub with top flush with ground. Reference station is center 

point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Morsel" (S 25° 23' E) o 00 00 ^ mile. 

Smoke pipe on roof of storehouse 39 11 __ 2 miles. 

Near corner of near chimney 40 36 _. 2 miles. 

Chimney of Trent Hall 50 48 .. ^_ iX miles. 

Nearest of three cupolas on stable 54 36 50 ij^mile. 

Left piazza post at Sothorons 102 41 __ 1% miles. 

Center of roof of square house 155 15 .. ij<( miles. 

"Catholic Church Cross" 164 56 .. 2 miles. 

Nail in blaze in oak tree (18 inches diam- 
eter) 172 14 __ 4.53 meters. 

Nail in blaze in oak tree (18 inches diam- 
eter) 198 36 40 I3.i6meters. 

Nail in blaze in oak tree (24 inches diam- 
eter) . 235 

Reference station 252 

Nail in blaze in pine tree (5 inches diam- 
eter) 255 43 __ 6.52 meters. 

Chimney on house across creek 313 23 __ ^4 mile. 



08 30 9.62 meters. 

45 45 8.97 meters. 



BILLIARD. 



General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River about ^ mile southeast of entrance to Trent 
Hall Creek. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on marsh land about i foot above high-water mark, 6 
yards west of shore, 70 yards north of curve in shore and about 100 to 150 yards north to northwest of a 
fence which runs to water's edge. No permanent reference objects near station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Trent " (S 32° 53' E) o 00 00 .._ 

Middle cupola on Trent Hall stable 16 36 

Chimney on Trent Hall 18 41 

Two trees 31 47 ._ 

Tangent of curve in water line 33 00 .. 

Chimney of. 2 '2-story house 81 59 ._ 

Right corner of Sothoron house 162 34 

Near corner of chimney on Slye house 171 09 ._ 

Right tangent of wharf -13' n -- 

Middle of three chimneys on Gourley house- 228 53 __ 

Chimney on house among trees 293 41 __ 

Nearest end of peak roof of Dowell house at 

Dukes Wharf ^33 4- -- 

Right tangent of Sheridan Point 341 34 ._ 

Left tangent Trent Hall Wharf 348 49 

Smoke pipe on house at land end of Trent 

Hall Wharf 356 53 _ _ .' « mile. 



}s mile. 


K mile. 


>^ mile. 


200 yards. 


71 yards. 


2 miles. 


; 2 mile. 


2 miles. 


2 miles. 


2 miles. 


I ■'<■ miles. 


I ff miles. 


I '2 miles. 


3-8 mile. 



SuriJey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 
MORSEL. 



39 



General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River about i mile north by west of Sheridan 
Point. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a wheat field on a cliff about 60 feet above high water, 
about 5 yards northeast of edge of bank, no yards north northwest of rail fence at woods, 103 yards 
west southwest of woods, and 167 yards west northwest of corner of field at creek and woods. Trees 
grow out of face of cliff below station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Sheridan" (S 5° 27' E) o 00 00 fi mile. 

Near corner of near chimney on brick end 

of Dowell house 37 12 __ 2 miles. 

Chimney beyond weeping willow at Trent 

Hall 62 58 ._ I mile. 

Nearest chimney on Slye house ^ 128 11 __ 3 miles. 

"Catholic Church Cross" 148 44 00 2?^ miles. 

Chimney on house with tin roof ell 172 17 .. i mile. 

Oak tree near creek (4 feet diameter) 297 27 _. 167 yards. 

Large white-oak tree 330 50 ._ no yards. 

TRENT. 

General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River on White Point about 50 yards west of 
Trent Hall Wharf. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is i foot above high-water mark on sand and grass land 
between river and marsh, about 47 yards west of small house on land end of Trent Hall Wharf, about 
64 yards northwest of extreme end of White Point, 5 yards southwest of high-water mark, about 428 
yards north of Trent Hall and 105 yards south by east of mouth of creek. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 17.18 meters S 69° 40' W of observed station. 
Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub flush with ground, 
triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' 

"Sheridan" (S 57° 31' E) o 00 

Tangent of point 32 17 

Large lone tree 50 15 

Right corner of Trent Hall 74 

Right cupola of three on Trent Hall stable- 99 

Large lone tree 113 

Reference station 127 

"Catholic Church Cross" 219 

Right end of peak of roof of Holland Point 

Wharf 233 

Right chimney of smaller of two houses 

among trees 284 

Right chimney of house 300 

Right corner of shanty 300 



Reference station is center point of 



00 00 lyi miles. 

17 - - 14 mile. 

15 -- 14 mile. 

08 __ 428 yards. 

40 __ 300 yards. 

51 -- 150 yards. 

10 30 17.18 meters. 

22 20 2 J^ miles. 



05 



miles. 



or - - 2 miles. 

35 - - 5^ miles. 

36 . . 47 yards. 



COLLINS. 



General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River about ^4 mile northeast of entrance to 
Washington Creek on point opposite Sheridan Point. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on marsh land about i foot above high-water mark, 16 
yards west of shore, 20 yards northwest of shore, 21 yards southwest of shore, 300 yards northeast of 
a tall lone tree and 300 yards southeast of house known as Trent Hall. 



4° 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Sheridan" (S 80° 59' E) -- o 00 00 34 mile. 

Left end of peak of roof of De La Brooke 

Pier 5- ■- -- 2>4' miles. 

Right side of right chimney of large painted 

brick house 60 23 _. 2>^ miles. 

Near corner of Thomas house (Cremona).-- 73 22 ., i mile. 

Smoke pipe in chimney on store 98 2 3 .- X ™i'e- 

Large lone tree 129 07 300 yards. 

Small lone tree i75 1° -- 130 yards. 

Near corner of Trent Hall Wharf house . 244 37 _- '2 mile. 

Chimney on end of roof of house among 

trees 287 41 .. . 2,' 4 miles. 

Left corner of left chimney of Dowell 

house 354 1 1 - - i mile. 

SHERIDAN. 

General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on Sheridan Point. (See Chart No. 19.) 
Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass point near edge of the grass, about 
2 feet above high-water mark, 6 yards east of extreme edge of grass on point, 8 yards north of grass 
edge and 7 yards south of grass edge. Cement monument marking reference station is 14.13 meters 
N 49° 56' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub with top 6 inches above ground. 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

Rejerenccs. — ° ' " 

"Kitt" (S 66° 05' E) o 00 00 1 

Right tangent of brick house 10 41 __ 

Left end of peak of roof of De La Brooke 

Pier 56 

Left corner of left chimney of Thomas 

house (Cremona) 102 

Smoke pipe on several gable house 124 

Right tangent of Trent Hall Wharf 192 

Catholic Church at Benedict 216 

Reference station 296 

Near chimney of Dowell house 325 



Reference station is 



j-^ miles. 
6 miles. 



13 -- i}i miles. 



38 -.--.. i}i miles. 

25 __ 1^ miles. 



56 



- - I mile. 

- - 3 ',2 miles. 

00 14.13 meters. 

- _ }^ mile. 



CREMONA. 



General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River about half way between Cremona and 
Persimmon creeks. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in orchard on farm known as Cremona, about 6 feet 
above high-water mark, 10 yards south of cage of river bank, 7 yards south of rail fence which runs 
west and east to door yard fence, 36 yards east of rail fence of cornfield, 75 yards north of rail fence 
at cornfield and 53 yards west of picket fence. Several mountain dwarf cherry trees stand between 
fence and river bank edge. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point uf triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' 

"Kitt" (N 84° 13' E) o 00 00 2 miles. 

Near end of peak of roof of Young Hance 

house 16 26 .. 3 miles. 

Nail in blaze in apple tree (24 inches 

diameter) 37 J8 20 24.55 meters. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Aid. 



41 



Nail in blaze in apple tree (16 inches ° 
diameter) 62 

Nail in blaze in apple tree (15 inches 

diameter) 100 

Corner of field 181 

Corner of field 2-1,-1, 

KITT 



13.12 meters. 

1 6. 1 1 meters. 
87 yards. 
38 yards. 



about half- 



Gencral locali/y. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on Kitts Marsh Point, which 
way between Battle Creek and Sheridan Point. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immtdia/e locality. — Observed station is on the point of a long marsh neck, about 15 yards north- 
east of extreme end of point, 13 yards north of edge of marsh, and 13 5'ards east of edge of marsh. There 
are no permanent reference objects near station. Cement monument marking reference station is 
15.84 meters N 10° 23' E of observed station.. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub flush with surface of niarsli. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — " ' " 

"Battle" (S 39° 02' E) : o 

Right tangent of Long Marsh ^ 7 

Near end of peak of roof of De La Brooke 

Pier 73 

Near corner of near chimney of Thomas 

house 83 

Large house 167 

Square chimney of large house 1 85 

Reference station 229 

Left chimney of house 243 

Hance house 299 

Right chimney of house among trees on 

hill : 327 

Left chimney of house 336 



53 



00 I ' ,s miles. 

-- 2 miles. 

- ^ I J 2 miles. 

-- I;' 4 miles. 

-- I mile. 

- - li mile. 

40 15.84 meters. 

-- 2>2 miles. 

- - 2 miles. 

-_ .._ 4 miles. 

-- 4 miles. 



OPPKIT. 



General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River on Marsh Point. (See Chart No. 19.) 
Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass ridge between sand beach and marsh, 
about I foot above high water, 3 yards southwest of high water mark, 60 yards west-northwest of 
one point of the beach, 64 yards south of another point of the beach, and 85 yards north-northwest of 
an oyster watch house on piles. There are no permanent reference objects near station. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement mo"nunient. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Kitt" (N 56° 31' E) o 00 00 

Near end of peak of roof of Williams 

Wharf house 36 46 _. 

Left corner of watch house 87 27 __ 

Left point of peak of roof of De La Brooke 

Pier 94 09 

Right corner of right chimney of brick 

house 126 42 



miles. 



2 ' 2 miles. 
85 yards 



I mile. 



Chimney on house near trees. 232 43 

Highest chimney on Cremona House 254 49 

Point of roof of Dukes Wharf 310 

Chimney on house with ell_ ^ 330 

Large square brick chimney on house with 

ell 334 

Nearest chimney of pair on end of house.. 353 



' -i mile. 

J^ mile. 

J4 mile. 

09 - i^ miles. 

49 -- I ^ miles. 



miles, 
miles. 



42 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



52 



8 36 



00 2^4 miles. 

__ 2 5^ miles. 



miles. 



BATTLE. 

General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on west side of entrance to Battle Creek on 
Prison Point. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass land between marsh and river, about i 
foot above high water, 85 yards south of a field, 6 yards northeast of shore, 20 yards southwest of edge 
of a pool, 100 yards southwest by west of a lone tree, 200 yards west of a small house among trees, 
and 100 yards west to northwest of several dwarf trees between house and beach. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References — ° 

"Forr" (83° 17' E) o 

Chimney on middle of roof of house i 

Left corner of left chimney of very large 

house 

Right chimney of large 2 '2-story brick" 

house 82 

Tangent to Sheridan Point 129 

Right end of peak of roof of 2}4-stoTy 

house 1 39 

Chimney of 2 K -story house on hill 155 

Lone tree 254 

Outside chimney of house on hill 264 

House among trees 282 

Tangent of Long Marsh 341 

Left chimney of 2 ' i' -story house 348 

Chimney of 2j2-story house 352 

Right tangent of Forrest Wharf 357 

PHOTO. 



00 .. i}4 miles. 

20 . . 2 ^2 miles. 



50 __ 2^ miles. 

19 __ 2 miles. 

41 __ 80 yards. 

II _ _ 3 miles. 

15 __ 100 yards. 

45 I'j' miles. 

38 - . 3 miles. 

57 _- 2 miles. 

59 . . I >^^ miles. 



General locality. — Northeast side of Patuxent River on east side of entrance to Jacks Bay. (See 
Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a cultivated field, about 150 yards north-northeast of a 

marshy point, 10 feet above high-water mark, 49 yards east of shore, no yards north northwest of 

shore, and 68 yards northeast of right end of clump of trees at edge of field and beginning of marsh point. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub with top 2 inches above surface of ground. Subsurface 

mark is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with top 1 2 inches below surface. 

References. — ° ' " 

"SHm" (S 52° 03' E) o 

Chimney on old house 51 

Cedar trees 60 

Left corner of house 73 

Smoke pipe on house behind trees 78 

Left tangent of Forrest Wharf 81 

Tree 90 

Watchhouse on point 118 

Right chimney on 2^2'-story brick house 150 

Locust tree (20 inches diameter) 241 

Left chimney of house 222 

Willow tree 33 1 



00 00 1% miles. 

21 - 2 miles. 

00 _ _ 85 yards. 

03 _ _ 2 miles. 

08 00 2 miles. 

00 20 2/4 miles. 

10 __ 70 yards. 

52 _ _ '2 mile. 

37 __ 5 miles. 

23 .. 135 yards. 

45 -. K mile. 

27 __ 140 yards 



FIGHT. 



General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River opposite mouth of Battle Creek on a prominent 
low point. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on land known as Horsehead Marsh, about i foot above 
ordinary high-water mark, 12 yards south-southwest of extreme end of point, 15 yards west -northwest 
of shore at small creek, 40 yards northeast of woods, and 1 10 yards east-southeast of a bluff 50 feet high. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 43 

Marks. — Obser\'ed sUilion is center puint of triangle on standard cement monument. , 

References. — ° ' " 

"Battle" (N 50° 45' E) o 00 00 i^^ miles. 

Outside chimney in center of group of build- 
ings 13 30 __ 2/4 miles. 

Left chimney of house on top of hill 23 44 _ _ 3 f 4 miles. 

Left tangent of Forrest Wharf 82 06 10 2 miles. 

Near end of peak of roof of 2 >2 -story build- 
ing - 83 47 _. I ^< miles. 

Large square chimney on large building 91 19 __ i mile. 

Left corner of left chimney of large house- . 262 40 __ i mile. 

Dowells windmill 300 28 ._ 2 '2 miles. 

Left chimney on small house adjoining 

large house 321 41 __ 2 '4 miles. 

Chimney of small house 325 38 __ 2 miles. 

SLIM. 

General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River about half way between Battle and Island 
creeks and ^2' mile west northwest of Parkers Wharf. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a field on a sand blufT, about 40 feet above high water, 
13 yards northeast of edge of bluff, 90 yards southeast of a point of woods at top of a ravine, about 
189 yards southwest of another point of woods, 150 yards west -northwest of a rail fence, and 71 yards 
northwest by west of a large sycamore tree. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in round chestnut stub with top about 6 inches above the surface 
of the ground. Subsurface mark is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with top 10 
inches below the surface of the ground. 

References. — ° 

"Island" (S 59° 31' E) o 

Cedar in field 2 

Large sycamore tree 29 

Near end of peak of roof of Jones Wharf 

house 53 

Chimney on middle of roof of a long house- . 109 
Outside chimney of house near Forrest 

Wharf 125 

Nearest chimney on Thomas large brick 

house 166 

Tangent of Long Point marsh 171 

Left tree on point 191 

Two high trees close together near right 

edge of point of woods 284 

Large walnut tree 298 

Near end of peak of roof of barn 304 



00 00 2 ' 2 miles. 

38 50 200 yards. 

20 _ , 71 yards. 

27 ._ 2 ^2 miles. 

34 __ ij^ miles. 

26 __ 2 miles. 

16 _ _ 4 miles. 

24 -_ I '2 miles. 

06 _ _ 90 yards. 

27 -- 189 yards. 

20 _ _ J-4 mile. 

'2 mile. 



23 



FORR. 



General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River just below Forrest Wharf. (See Chart No. 19.) 
Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 1 foot above high-water mark on sand and grass 
land, 7 yards south from extreme high-water mark, 45 yards southeast of land end of Forrest Wharf, 
70 yards east by south of an old 2 '2 -story building, and 65 yards northeast of a saloon. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Cole" (S 50° 07' E) o 00 00 I 'smiles. 

Near corner of house on hillside 9 59 __ iSoyards. 

Near corner of saloon loi 52 _- 65 yards. 



44 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



Outside chimney on house on hill 115 

Curve in road up hill 131 

West corner of old t' 2-story building 139 

Land end of wharf 169 

Windmill 182 

Left corner of left chimney brick house 183 

Right tangent of Dukes Wharf 187 

Near end of peak of roof of Forrest Wharf 

house J57 

Chimneyof house 27J 

Right tangent of roof 304 

Tangent of trees _ 347 

SWEEP. 



' 8 mile. 

200 yards. 

70 yards. 

45 yards. 

2f^ miles. 

3 miles. 

4 >4^ miles. 

' s mile. 

35 - - - . - 3 or 4 miles. 

23 _ - 2 ' 2 miles. 

46 _ - 3 miles. 



17 



General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on northwest side of mouth of Island Creek 
near inner end of neck of land joining Broome Island to the mainland. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a field about 4 feet above high water, 4 feet northwest 
of a wire fence, 24 yards south by west of a stable, 60 yards south-southwest of a house, and 100 yards 
south-southeast of a pine grove. Cement monument marking reference station is 21.70 meters N 59° 
39' E of station and near fence line. 

Marks. — Observed station is the center of an oblong wooden box 4 inches sc|uare with top 4 inches 
above the ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on a standard cement monument. 
References. — ' o 1 n 

"Bars" (S 15° 10' E) o 

Right chimney of house 14 

Peak of roof of Gadden house 25 

Tangent of Broome Island Point 43 

Chimney on house on hill 51 

Gilt ball on lightning rod 62 

Chimney on house 96 

Cut in woods 133 

Chimney of house 186 

Tile smoke pipe on house 203 

Near corner of house 230 

Near corner of barn 237 

Reference station 254 

Right chimney of four on house 2 79 

^ Top of tower of house 301 



2 miles. 
. 3 miles. 
' s miles. 
' 2 mile. 

3 miles. 
■' s mile. 
■4 riiile. 



34 ^o 

37 .- 

03 __ 

06 _ _ 

40 _ _ . _ _ I Js miles. 

34 __ 150 yards. 

24 ._ 140 yards. 

35 -- 60 yards. 

32 -_ 24 yards. 

49 20 21.70 meters. 

25 .. ]4 mile. 

34 _ 2' 2 miles. 



ISLAND. 



General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on the extreme southeast point of land about 
j/2 mile to the east of the mouth of Island Creek. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a marshy point at about extreme high-water mark, 30 
yards north of extreme end of point, 25 yards east of one side of point, and 20 yards west of another 
side of point. Old tile pipe used as a reference station is i6.g8 meters N 12° 39' E and cement monu- 
ment marking new reference station is 30.93 meters N 2° 40' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is. nail in stub with top flush with marsh. Old reference station is 
center of 4-inch tile pipe set in cement with top projecting about 10 inches above ground. New refer- 
ence station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

" Wheat" (S 53° 13' E) - o 00 00 

Left end of peak of roof of Sotterly Wharf 

house 46 07 - 

Pinnacle of large house in trees 60 49 _ _ 



miles. 



2 miles. 
2 miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



45 



Left chimney of large house back on hill 67 54 

Chimney on middle of large 2 ^2-story house- 109 59 
Middle of railing on top of roof of 2 '2-story 

house 120 00 

Chimney of Broome house 143 41 

Weather vane on Broome house 148 33 

Right chimney of house 178 21 

Right chimney of house 193 27 

Reference station (cement monument) - 235 55 

Reference station (tile pipe) 245 54 

Smoke pipe of watchhouse 333 29 

Tower of Peterson house 356 08 

PEAK. 



2 miles. 
'A miles. 

3 miles. 
J^ mile. 
^ mile. 

3 miles. 

2 miles. 
.93 meters. 
.98 meters. 

1 mile. 

2 miles. 



General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River, about in middle of inner shore of a large bay 
between St. Leonard and Island creeks. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on Parran house, located near shore at extreme end of a 
road leading to Wallville. 

■Marks. — Observed station is ball on tip of tower. 

References. — None necessary. 

COLE. 

General locality. — .Southwest shore of Patuxent River, about J4 mile northwest of Cole Creek. 
(See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 35 feet aljove high-water mark on a grass peninsula, 
3 yards south-southwest of edge of a bluff which is washing rapidly, 8 yards west of extreme edge 
of blulT, where it turns inland and is not washing, but slopes gradually to the water, 8 yards north 
of another edge of the bluff, 10 yards northwest of trees on slope of bank, and 20 yards west of a cherry 
tree 2 feet in diameter. Cement monument marking reference station is 13.53 meters S 83° 10' W of 
observed station and nearly on line with large cherry tree. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub with top flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o • ■• 

"Hutchins" (S 67° 12' E) o 00 00 2 miles. 

Left end of peak of roof on Jones Wharf 

house 6 25 __ I >^ miles. 

Nail in blaze on limb of oak tree (4 inches 

diameter) 22 05 -. 10.80 meters. 

Screw in blaze in crotch of oak tree (15 

inches diameter at base) i. 38 iS ,, 12.67 meters. 

Nail in blaze of cedar tree (6 inches diame- 
ter) 63 40 40 .: 8.43 meters. . 

Nail in blaze on cherry tree (24 inches di- 
ameter) 147 II 

Reference sT.wioN 150 22 

Righi chimney of house 179 11 

Right end of peak of roof of Forrest Wharf 

house 202 21 

Right end of house 251 05 

Left end of peak of house 280 23 

Gilt ball on Broome house 321 30 

Right tangent of Broome Island 334 17 



- - 18.65 meters 

00 13.53 meters 

-- J'^ mile. 

- - I H' miles. 

. - - 3 miles. 

- - 3 miles. 

30 2 miles. 

- - I .':$■ miles. 



46 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



HUTCHINS. 

General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River opposite Broome Island on Captain Point, 
about }^ mile northwest of mouth of Cole Creek. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in garden on point of a bluff 50 feet high on Hutchins 
estate near house occupied by Mr. Gadden, about 6 yards south by east of extreme point of bluff, 2 
yards southwest of edge of bluff, 4 yards southeast of edge of bluff, 30 yards north by west from house, 
30 yards west of a wire fence running north and south, and 15 yards east of another north-and-south 
wire fence. Cement monument marking reference station is 7.57 meters S 59° 39' W of observed station. 
Marks. — Observed station is nail in a stub with top flush with ground. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

" Bars" (S 68° 07' E) o 

Left corner of extension of Gadden house. _ 58 

Right front comer of Gadden house 84 

Near corner of well house 102 

Near corner of shed iig 

Reference station 127 

Nail in blaze in apple tree (22 inches diame- 
ter) 

Right tangent of Parkers Wharf 228 12 

Gilt ball on Broome house on Broome Island 249 55 

Near end of peak of house 263 17 

Tip of tower on Peterson house 332 52 

WHEAT. 



00 00 J4 mile. 

17 -- 30.90 meters. 

56 -. 28.57 meters. 

15 -- 30.44 meters. 



148 06 



- - 45 yards. 

- - 7.57 meters. 

20 9.35 meters. 

- - 2 '-2 miles. 

-. 1^-2 miles. 

-_ 4 miles. 

- - 2 '2 miles. 



General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on westerly side of mouth of St. Leonard 
Creek. (See Charts Nos. 19 and 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a bluff about 40 feet above high water, about 5 yards 
west of edge of bank, 7 yards south of another edge, and Js mile west of Peterson house. Cement 
monument marking reference station is 12.80 meters N 61° 55' E of observed station and on line to 
Peterson house. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 4-inch tile pipe set in cement with top projecting about 4 
inches above ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Stump" (S 36° 23' E) -- o 

Left chimney of Judge Crane house 10 

Near end of peak of roof of Marburger house. 15 

Left end of roof of St. Cuthbert Wharf 24 

Chimney on roof of house 60 

Chimney on store at Sotterly 93 

Left end of barn roof 193 

Reference station 278 

Center chimney of Peterson house 281 

Chimney of house 298 

Chimney on house on Breeden estate 340 



00 00 2^4 miles. 

07 - . 4^ miles. 

05 . - _ 4J4 miles. 

09 _. _ 2X miles. 

05 . . I ' ^ miles. 

- - I '2 miles. 

^ - 2 miles. 

30 12.80 meters. 

- - Ji" mile. 

- . J,i mile. 

-, 2 miles. 



41 



MACKALL. 



General locality. — Northwest shore of Patuxent River on west side of entrance to St. Leonard Creek 
on first point inside of Peterson Point. (See Charts Nos. 19 and 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 50 feet above high water, 9 feet northwest of edge 
of bluff, 7 yards northeast of bushes, and 3 yards southwest of other bushes. Cement monument 
marking reference station is 3.80 meters N 35° 08' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is the center of an oblong wooden box 4 inches square with top 3 inches 
above the ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



47 



References. — ° 

"Stock" (S34°38'W) " o 

Peak of front gable of Bond house o 

Chimney on negro house 54 31 

Chimney on Peterson house 66 25 

Reference STATION no 13 

Chimney on negro house 135 49 

Chimney on ell of house on hill 153 46 

Chimney on small house back of SoUers 

Wharf 229 40 

Nearest outside chimney on I J i'-story house. 236 08 

Large chimney on Sellers house 237 02 

Large chimney on Taylor house 285 27 

Front peak of Briscoe house 334 30 

SOLLERS. 



39 



00 if^ miles. 

10 1^ mileG. 

- - }'i mile. 

- - J^ mile. 

50 3.80 meters. 

-- yi mile. 

, - 14 mile. 



1 mile. 

2 miles. 
.?4 mile. 
^-2 mile. 
J s miles. 



14 -- 2% miles. 



- - '2 mile. 

- . 14 mile. 

30 13.68 meters. 



General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on east side of entrance to St. Leonard Creek. 
(See Charts Nos. 19 and 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 50 feet above high water, 6 feet east of edge of bank, 
20 yards north-northeast of a clump of trees, 14 yards and 8 yards south-southwest of other trees, and 
75 yards north-northwest of a rail fence. Cement monument marking reference station is 13.68 meters 
S. 44° 00' E of observed station with top buried 12 inches below surface. 

Marks. — Observed station is the center of an oblong wooden box 5 inches square with top 3 inches 
above ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with top 
12 inches below surface. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Stock" (S 44° 24' W) - o 00 00 1 5 8 miles. 

Middle of front gable of Bond house o 34 __ 1 3,^ miles. 

Chimney of store at Sotterly W'harf 26 58 __ 2^ miles. 

Near corner of outside chimney on house. _ 27 18 __ 2)4 J^Hes. 

Chimney on top of Gadden house 46 

Near comer of top chimney on Peterson 

house 78 27 

Right end of peak of roof of Mackall house. 150 16 

Reference sT.'vTioN 271 35 

Near corner of large chimney on Taylor 

house 272 35 __ js mile. 

Top of front gable on Briscoe house 331 36 .. 1^4 miles. 

BARS. 

General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River on Sotterly Point about J 4' mile northwest of 
Sotterly Wharf. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a bluff about 30 feet above high water, 5 yards south of 
edge of bank at rail fence, and 2 yards east of this same fence. Cement monument marking reference 
station is 14.53 meters S 9° 54' W of observed station and near fence line. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a 3-inch tile pipe set in cement. Reference station is center 
point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

" Wheat" (N 72° 06' E) o 00 

Chimney on middle of 2 ■2-story house 17 29 

Windmill 23 23 

Chimney of house 41 50 

Reference STATION 117 48 

Smoke pipe on right end of house 157 37 

Tangent of point of land 250 47 

Peterson house chimney 359 22 



00 I '2' miles. 

-- 6 miles. 

-. 3 miles. 

. . 4 miles. 

00 14.53 meters. 

- - ,'4 mile. 

- - I '2 miles. 

. - 1 -'4 miles. 



48 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

LEND. 

General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on a narrow strip of land or peninsula in 
mouth of Mears Creek about ,'2 mile southeast of St. Leonard Creek. (See Charts Nos. 19 and 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in the midst of many cherry, oak, and locust trees about 
15 feet above high- water mark, 15 yards east-northeast of high ground, 5 yards west of edge and 17 
yards north of extreme point of top of peninsula. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Rejerenccs. — ° ' " 

"Wheat" (N 50° 51' W) o 

Nail in blaze in cherry tree (4 inches 

diameter) 118 

Right chimney of house across creek 139 

Nail in blaze in oak tree (8 inches diameter) _ 229 
Outside chimney on left end of Briscoe 

house 265 

Near peak of Bond house 297 

Chimney on storehouse at Sotterly 318 

Near end of peak of roof of Sotterly Wharf 

house 319 

Chimney on Gadden house 330 

Nail in blaze in cherry tree (6 inches 
diameter) 345 



I 



00 00 I '4 miles. 

28 30 3.58 meters. 

51 . . X ™ile- 

51 -- 6.68 meters. 



I J2 miles. 
i^i miles. 
2^-4 miles. 



07 .. 2>^ miles. 

47 -- 3X miles. 



24 .. 3.64 meters. 



STOCK. 



General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River about i mile southeast of Sotterly Point. 
(See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a bluff, about 20 feet above high water, 3 yards south- 
west of edge of bluff, about 50 yards east by north of front door of the house of Mr. Bond, 30 yards 
west-northwest of extreme end of point of bluff, 35 yards northeast of detached house, and about 43 
yards east by south of yard fence at edge of bluff. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Lend" (N 66° 48' E) » o 

Right chimney of house on Dickson place— i 

Right chimney of old i ■ 2-story house 19 

Tangent of bluff ■... 58 

Chimney on house on point 59 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches 

diameter) 99 

Nearest corner of outhouse, corner farthest 

from house 161 

Left corner of house 1 80 

Nail in blaze in cherry tree i foot above 

ground (4 feet diameter) 1 83 

Right corner of house 205 

Locust tree (4 inches diameter) 210 

End of yard fence 230 

Tree near edge of bank (no nail or blaze)-. 237 



00 00 1 5 s miles. 

35 - - 1 3.-4 miles. 

GO _ _ 2 miles. 

00 - - I mile. 

O', ._ I mile. 



48 30 __. 



2.18 meters. 



29 



30 34.30 meters. 

30 31.13 meters. 



30 20.58 meters. 

40 45.79 meters. 

40 8.83 meters. 

- . 43 yards. 

20 34.27 meters. 



STUMP. 



General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River about '2' mile northwest of Hellen Creek. 
(See .Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a bank about 20 feet above high water, 10 yards north- 
northeast of edge of bank at extreme end of point, about 20 yards southeast of edge of bank, and about 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



49 



150 yards northwest of a clump of cedar and locust trees at edge of bank. Cement monument marking 
first reference station is 11. jg meters N 61° 51' E of observed station with top 10 inches below surface 
of field. Cement monument marking second reference station is 26.22 meters N 60° 42' E of observed 
station about on line with first reference station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of 4-inch tile pipe set in cement with top flush with ground. 
First reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with top 10 inches 
below the surface of ground. Second reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement 
monument with top 6 inches above surface of ground. 

References. — o r rr 

"Wheat" (N 36° 23' W) o 

Chimney in center of house 15 

Second Reference station 97 

First Reference station 98 

Apple tree 152 

Left chimney of house 180 

Near end of peak of roof of Marburger 
house 209 

Left chimney of house 269 

Nail in blaze in stump (30 inches daimeter) _ 250 

Nail in blaze in tree (8 inches diameter) 352 



19 



00 2' 8 miles. 

. - }i mile. 

35 26.22 meters. 

30 1 1. 29 meters. 

- . 200 yards. 

- - 34" mile. 



27 . . 2 '^ miles. 

2 1 - - I ,' 4 miles. 

49 -- 5.01 meters. 

30 __ 17.52 meters. 



BRISCOE. 



mile northwest of St. Cuthbert 



General locality. — Southeast shore of Patu.xent River aliout 
Wharf. (See Chart No. 19.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a cultivated field, about 20 feet above high water, 
80 yards southwest of trees on bank, 50 yards southeast of a creek bed, 46 yards northwest of a clump 
of trees, 105 yards east of a corner of fence on road, and about 300 yards northeast of another fence 
with woods back of it. Cement monument marking reference station is 12.52 meters N 79° 35' W of 
observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail in a stub with top flush with ground and a subsurface mark 
of a standard cement monument with top buried 1 1 inches below the surface. Reference station is 
center of triangle on standard cement monument with top 5 inches above surface of ground. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Hellen" (S7i°37'E) o 

Near corner of house 45 

Left end of peak of roof of barn 57 

Large two-forked tree 129 

Corner of rail fence and tree 136 

Reference station 172 

Large cherry tree other side of creek 195 

Left chimney of house on opposite side with 

three dormer windows 304 

Cedar tree 308 



00 00 I s 8 miles. 

II ._ .' i^ mile. 

18 ._ 3,4- mile. 

17 -- 130 yards. 

34 -- 105 yards. 

oi 40 12.52 meters. 

00 . _ 68 yards. 



59 



I '2 miles. 
80 yards. 



HELLEN. 



General locality. — Northeast shore of Patuxent River on east side of mouth of Hellen Creek. (See 
Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is at high-water mark on edge of grass and bushes, about 
16 yards west-southwest of a bluff 15 feet high, and about 40 yards north-northwest of bluff at edge of 
water. Cement monument marking reference station is 12.45 meters N 75° 14' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station was the center of a tile pipe with a subsurface mark of a green yeast- 
powder bottle but at date of publication these marks are reported to have been washed away. Reference 
station i'' center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
20908 — I o 4 



50 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



References. — . ' ° 

"Stump" (N 25° 42' W) o 

Left chimney of Barrett house 8 

Nail in blaze in tree 100 

Reference station 100 

Near end of peak of roof of Marburger 

house 209 

Mouth of Cuckold Creek 261 

Chimney of Peterson house 355 

NAT. 



00 00 J4 mile. 

54 - - H mile. 

01 40 14.74 meters. 

56 20 12.45 meters. 



^2 miles. 
'-2 miles. 
3 miles. 



I 



General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River about ', mile above mouth of Cuckold 
Creek. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is near edge of a cultivated field on a bluff of sand and gravel 
about 20 feet above high water, 4 feet east of edge of bluff, and 150 yards north of a rail fence. Cement 
monument marking reference station is 18.44 meters S 29° 47' W of observed station with top 8 inches 
below surface of ground. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of 3-inch tile pipe embedded in cement. 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Hellen" (N 69° 29' E) o 00 

Near end of peak of roof of Marburger house 

on Point Patience 68 01 

Reference st.ation 140 18 

Large chimney on house 2S1 58 

Right chimney of house with two gable 

roofs 309 o I 

TON. 



Reference station is 



I ,' 4 miles. 



._ ija niiles. 

00 18.44 meters. 

_ _ 3 miles. 

_ _ 2 miles. 



General locality. — Eastern shore of Patuxent River about i mile northeast of Point Patience. 
(See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a bluff about 15 feet above high water, 10 yards east 
from edge of bluff, 50 yards south-southwest of edge of a gully and a clump of trees, and about 220 yards 
west-northwest of a cherry tree 3^2 feet in diameter. Cement monument marking reference station is 
13.64 meters S 62° 29' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a spike set in cement. Reference station is center point of triangle 
on standard cement monument buried below surface 10 inches. 
References. — ° 

"Mill" (S 65° 00 W) o 00 

Chimney on far end of Wallace house 53 28 

Chimney on middle of roof on McCorry 

store 60 09 

Near end of peak of St. Cuthbert Wharf 

house 52 10 

Near end of peak of roof of Parran oyster 

watch house _- 

Chimney on Peterson house 

Cemented chimney on near end of George 

old house l 94 59 

Left chimney, of Costen house 117 59 

Nail in blaze in tree 137 35 

Reference station.^ ..'. 232 31 

Left chimney of Marburger house 329 1 1 



00 iX miles. 

_ _ 1 3.^ miles. 



2 miles 



miles 



03 __ 5 '2 miles 

39 __ 33^ miles 



^ _ I mile. 

. _ - - ,'2 miles. 

20 47.60 meters. 

00 13.64 meters. 

__ }k mile. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Aid. 



51 



MILL. 

General locality. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River about 14 mile southeast of mouth of Cuckold 
Creek and J 2 mile northwest of Point Patience. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a sand bluff about 20 feet above high water, 7 yards 
southwest of the edge of the bluff, 40 yards southeast of a fence and a line of cedar trees, and about lOo 
yards northwest of another fence at bottom of hill. Cement monument marking reference station '>; 
I J. 76 meters S 28° 14' W of observed station. 

Marki. — Observed station is center point of 3-inch tile pipe embedded in cement. Reference 
station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Rcjerences. — ° ' " 

"Ton" (N 64° 59' E) o 00 00 1 '4 miles. 

Nearest chimney of Marburger house on 

Point Patience 39 

"Catholic Church Cross" ^ 43 

" Methodist Episcopal Church Spire" 49 

Middle of portico of Judge Crane house^, 82 

Windmill near Dent house 136 

Reference st.xtion 143 

Chimney on house among farm buildings ^ - 293 

Left chimney on house with piazza 304 

End of ])eak of roof of 2,'2-story house 323 

Nearest chirfiney of cottage 338 

Left chimney of house 340 



__ . '4 mile. 

40 2 miles. 

30 2 miles. 

. - I mile. 

- - }4 mile. 

40 _. 13.76 meters. 

40 4|^ miles. 

02 2 ^ miles. 

31 .. i^i miles. 

17 __ 2 miles. 

19 - - 2 miles. 



BUR. 

General locality. — East shore of Patuxent River, on northwest side of Point Patience, about '4 mile 
northeast of its extreme end. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass land, about i foot above high water, 
1 2 yards southeast of high-water mark on one side of point, 36 yards northwest of high-water mark on 
other side of point, and about 300 yards northeast of extreme end of point. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 12.15 meters N 85° 20' E of observed station. 

.Mark.':. — Observed station is a 3-inch tile pipe set in cement with top about i inch above the 
surface of the ground. Reference stati(m is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / »» 

"Ton" (N 37° 56' E) o 00 

Left chimney of Marburger house 16 08 

Reference STATION 47 24 

" Methodist Episcopal Church Spire" 75 32 

Middle gable of Judge Crane house 139 09 

Nail in blaze in pine tree (8 inches diam- 
eter) 162 40 

Square chimney on Dent house 228 30 

Chimney on house 268 52 

Left chimney of house 346 39 

Right chimney of house 358 31 

NEW. 



30 



I mile. 
■4 mile. 
15 meters. 
' s miles. 
■> mile. 



10 25.94 meters. 

- - 34 mile. 

- - I ^ 8 miles. 

-- I '2 miles. 

-- I'i' miles. 



General locality. — Northeast side of Patuxent River, about ^i mile east of Pcjint Patience and about 
I '4 miles northwest of Sandy Point. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 20 feet above high-water mark in the middle of a 
cultivated field on Strathmore farm, about 230 yards northeast of shore of Patuxent River, about 82 
yards southeastof a creek, about 162 yards northwest of a small creek or ditch, 230 yards northeast of 
a large oak tree, and 250 yards north of another large oak tree. 



52 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with ton ii 
inches below the surface of the ground. • 

References. — ° ' " 

"Ben" (S 2° lo' E) o 

Chimney on flat-roof house 6 

Chimney on main part of a house on Town 

Creek 27 

Oak tree about 18 inches diameter on edge 

of field 43 

Right tangent of Spencers wharf 56 

Corner of field 67 

Exposed chimney on left of house 67 

Left chimney on house 88 

Corner of field 206 

Corner of fi-eld 258 

Silver-tipped tower on Philip Vale house __ 307 

Oak at edge of field 343 



59 



04 



2 miles. 

1^4 miles. 

I '4 miles. 

227 yards. 

I mile. 

00 _. 310 yards. 

36 ^. i'2 miles. 

57 -- I' 2 miles. 

00 _ _ 240 yards. 

00 _ _ 300 yards, 

08 20 '2 mile. 

35 - - 300 yards. 



CATHOLIC CHURCH CROSS. 

General locality. — Southeast side of Patuxent River, about halfway to Back Creek and ^4 mile 
northwest of Solomons wharf. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on Catholic Church, known as St. Marys Star of the Sea, 
located in small village of Johnstown on mainland near Solomons Island, and about 250 yards north of 
causeway to Solomons Island. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of cross on bell cupola. 

References. — None necessary. 

CABLE. 

General ioccUity. — Southwest shore of Patuxent River, on east side of entrance to Kings Creek, and 
about i-i mile west of Town Point. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on pasture land near the end of high land at the beginning 
of a long, low peninsula which almost closes the mouth of Kings Creek, about 30 feet above high-water 
mark, about 20 yards south of edge of bank on river side, about 15 yards east northeast of edge of hank 
on creek side, 38 yards southeast of extreme edge of top of bank, and 30 yards west of a persimmon tree. 
Mark'i. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument buried with 
top 10 inches below the surface of ground. 

References. — ° ' " 

■'Bur" (N 35° 17' E) o 

Left chimney of Marburger house near Point 

Patience 3 

" Catholic Church Cross" __ 43 

" Methodist Episcopal Church Spire" 52 

Left chimney of Judge Crane house 55 

Nail in blaze of tree (18 inches diameter) _ _ 179 
Nail in blaze in red cedar tree (3 inches 

diameter) 236 

Nail in blaze in persimmon tree 283 

Right chimney on Fenner Lee house 284 

Left chimney of house 302 



00 00 ^ mile. 

25 __ L_ ^ mile. 

,S9 -- I ^ miles. 

29 - - 1 3^ miles 



44 



J 2 mile. 
19.24 meters. 



1 5.80 meters. 
26.22 meters. 

H mile. 

' 2 mile. 



TOWN. 

General locality. — Southwestern shore of Patuxent River, <m Town Point, about 'j mile souttiea^t 
of Point Patience. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 20 feet above high-water mark, 9 vards west of edge 
of bluff, 3 yards south of edge of bluff, 10 yards southeast of extreme edge of high land, 3 yards south 
of a rail fence, and 2 yards north of cultivated land. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. . 53 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Back" o 00 00 • '2 mile. 

"Catholic Church Cross" 8 58 20 i mile. 

"Methodist Church Spire" 25 41 20 '^ mile. 

Cupola on Files store 29 11 __ '4 mile. 

Nearest chimney on Webster house 43 06 .. i>^ miles. 

Right end of roof of 2 ' C-story building at 

Pearsons 67 56 __ smiles. 

Near corner of tower on Hodgdon house 93 01 . _ 2 ' g miles. 

Chimney on old house 108 18 .. i^s miles. 

Chimney on house 142 s3 ._ i mile. 

Left chimney on Lee house 227 04 _- i '2 miles. 

Marburger house 281 00 .. ;5^ mile. 

CRANE. 

General locality . — Southwest side of Patu.xent River, on northeast side of Town Creek, about % mile 
southwest of Town Point. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a cultivated field on Judge Crane farm, about 8 feet 
above high-water mark, 58 yards east northeast of Town Creek, 105 yards west of a fence, 1 15 yards west- 
northwest of a large cherry tree, 200 yards southeast of several detached buildings, and 20 yards east of 
top of a ravine. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with top lo 
inches below ground. 

References. — ° ' " 

" New" (N 36° 51' E) o 00 00 

"Catholic Church Cross" 29 25 __ 

Stack on ice plant 37 25 -. 

Methodist Episcopal Church Tower 42 is -- 

Cherry tree (4 feet diameter) 71 2(1 ._ 

Canning-house stack 157 27 __ 

House on point 185 20 __ 

Chimney on house 244 30 _. 

Lightning rod on cupola of Judge Crane 

barn 277 01 30 

Right tangent to St. Cuthbert wharf 300 08 ._ 

Near end of peak of roof of Marburger 

house 320 49 __ 

Middle of gateway 355 2}, _ 

Oak tree on opposite shore of Patuxent 

River 359 16 50 i mile. 

M. E. CHURCH (SOLOMONS). 

General locality. — Northeastern shore of Patuxent River, on up|ier end of Solomons Island, about 
,'2 mile northwest of Sandy Point. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on Methodist Clmrch at upper end of Solomons Island 
near tjeginning of causeway to mainland. 

Marks. — Observed station is tip of pyramidal tower on Methodist Church. 

References. — None necessary. 

K. OF P. FLAGSTAFl'- (SOH)MONSk 

General locality. — Northeastern side of Patuxent River, on Solomons Island, in the town of Solomons. 
(See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — C.)bserved station is on flagstalT in front of Knights of Pythias Building. 



I mile. 


I '4 miles. 


\% miles. 


I '4 miles. 


1 1 5 yards. 


'4' mile. 


■4' mile. 


K mile. 


■■4' mile. 


2)4 miles. 


J- 8 mile. 


,' 8 mile. 



54 Survey oj Oyster Bars, Cahert County, Md. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of flagstaff at about the same height as roof of the K. of P. Hall. 
References. — None necessary 

SAND. 

General locality. — Northeastern side of Patuxent River on Sandy Point on extreme southern point 
of Solomons Island. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on pasture land about 5 feet above high water, 30 yards 
north of extreme point of planking protecting the shore from washing, 15 yards northeast of the extreme 
edge of sand and grass line, and about 13 yards east of top of bank. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 13.64 meters N 2° 19' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in southwest side of a 6-inch pile driven into ground with top 

6 inches above the surface. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Drum Point Light" (N 83° 57' E) o 00 00 2 miles. 

Right tangent of woods on Hog Point 14 36 -_ 3 miles. 

Left end of peak of roof on 2>^-story build- 
ing at Pearsons 51 03 _. 2 miles. 

Chimney on storehouse at Millstone 74 18 .. ij^ miles. 

Near point of gable of Hodgdon large 

house with square tower 93 54 ._ lyi mWes. 

Near end of peak of roof of Marburger 

house 225 22 ._ I J< miles. 

Warren house opposite Johnson store 261 22 ,. >4 mile. 

Reference STATION 278 22 10 i3.64meters. 

"K. of P. Flagstaff 291 58 .. K mile. 

Right chimney of Dr. Marsh house 320 38 __ yi mWe. 

" Bareda House Cupola " 347 48 30 i>^ miles. 

FISHSTACK. 

General locality. — Northeastern side of Patuxent River on northeastern side of entrance to Mill 
and Back creeks. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on mainland on fish fertilizer factory located on opposite 
side of creek from Solomons Island. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of smokestack on fish factory. 

References. — None necessary. 

BON. 

General locality. — North shore of Patuxent River about i '4 miles west-northwest of Drum Point 
Light and about ,'-2 mile east-northeast of Solomons Island. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on cultivated land, aloout 5 feet above high water, about 

7 yards north of shore, about 90 yards southeast of a i ' 2-story house on land 10 feet higher than station, 
and about 75 yards south of a i X"Story brick house. Cement monument marking reference station is 
0.67 meters N 45° 29' E of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is an inverted nail in center of cement in a 6-inch tile pipe with top 
flush with surface of ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement 
monument. 

References. — * o / // 

" Drum Point Light" (S 73° 43' E) o 00 00 i J^" miles. 

Smoke pipe on oyster watch house ^t, 32 ,. K mile. 

Left end of peak of roof on 2>^-story build- 
ing at Pearsons 52 06 _. 2"4 miles. 

Left end of peak of roof on house with 

piazza 82 29 _.._:__ 2 K miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 55 

Near point of roof of Hodgdon house with ° ' " 

square tower 8g 14 __ 2^ miles. 

Chimney on end of house 133 57 J^ mile. 

Left chimney on Weems house 159 37 _. X mile. 

Right chimney on wooden house 224 01 .. 90 yards. 

Left side of chimney on brick house 249 54 __' 75 yards. 

Reference station 299 12 00 0.67 meters. 

Near end of peak of house on bluff between 

trees 336 50 _. ^ mile. 

"Bareda House Cupola" 347 06 __ f^ mile. 

BAREDA HOUSE CUPOLA. 

General locality. — North side of Patuxent River about ^4 mile northwest of Drum Point Light. 
(See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality- — Observed station is on Bareda House which is a large ^-story square mansion 
with square cupola with three windows on each side and a porch all around ground floor, located about 
100 yards back from shore on high land. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of ornamental design of four brackets on center of cupola. 

References. — None necessary. 

DRUM POINT LIGHT. 

General locality. — Northeastern side of entrance of Patuxent River and a short distance off shore 
from Drum Point. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a screw pile structure known as Drum Point Light- 
House. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of black lantern on Drum Point Light-House. 

Reference. — ° ' " 

"Cedar Point Light" (S 64° 33' E) o 00 00 3^-4 miles. 

BEX. 

General locality. — Southwestern shore of Patuxent River about i mile south-southwest of Sandy 
Point and 1^4 miles south-southeast of Town Point. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a clay and sand bluff in a cultivated field, about 20 feet 
above high-water mark, about 10 feet west of edge of bank, 3 feet south of point covered with scrub 
pines, about 15 yards northeast of one edge of plateau, 10. yards southeast of another edge of plateau, 
about 65 yards north of point of woods, and 10 yards south of cut in bank which is washing rapidly. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 8.42 meters S 56° 15' VV of station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in cement in 6-inch tile pipe with top flush with ground. Reference 
station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Drum Point Light" (N 68° 07' E) o 00 00 2 J^ miles. 

Left tangent of trees on Hog Point 16 21 __ 3 J^ miles. 

Near end of peak of roof of large 2'i-story 

building at Pearsons 39 36 .- 2J-4 miles. 

Near piazza post of Millstone Hotel 56 11 .. ij^ miles. 

Chimney of Craddock house 60 28 ._ i!4 miles. 

Chimney on end of cabin 97 24 __ 200 yards. 

Tall pine tree 138 35 _. 50 yards. 

Reference STATION 168 08 00 8.42 meters. 

Nail in blaze in pine tree (4 inches 

diameter) 176 t,2> 5° 7.79 meters. 

Nail in blaze in pine tree (4 inches 

diameter) 223 40 40 8.77 meters. 



56 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



Nail in blaze in pine tree (4 inches ° ' " 

diameter) 236 39 _, 2.07 meters. 

Near end of peak of roof of Marburger 

house 272 12 - 2 miles. 

"Catholic Church Cross" 304 54 40 i^-^ miles. 

" Bareda House Cupola" 350 34 40 2 >^ miles. 

CR.A.DDOCK. 



General localily- — Southern shore of Patuxent River, about 2 ' s miles south-southeast of Drum 
Point Light and '4 mile west of Millstone Landing. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on lawn about 15 feet above high-water mark, about to 
yards south from top edge of bank, 15 yards from bottom edge of bank and fence, 30 yards east of 
extreme edge of point, 30 yards northeast of trees along shore of pond, about no yards northwest of 
Craddock house and several outbuildings among poplar trees, 50 yards east of fence, and 70 yards west 
of driveway to house. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument, with top flush 
with lawn. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Drum Point Light" (N 37° 15' E) o 00 00 ., 

Left tangent of woods on Carroll Point 21 52 _ __ 

Near end of peak of roof of jyi-story build- 
ing at Pearsons 42 25 -^ __ 

Chimney on hotel at Millstone 64 56 .... 

Cottonwood tree (14 inches diameter) 68 54 .... 

Chimney on roof of Craddock 2 ■ 2-story 

house 95 27 .... 

Nail in stump (14 inches diameter) 309 25 50 _. 

"Fishstack" 317 30 .=50 _. 

CARROLL 2. 



2 ^4 miles. 
I •' 4 miles. 

I ■ 4 miles. 
■ 2 mile. 
80 yards. 

1 10 yards. 

5.35 meters. 

2 miles. 



General locality. — South side of Patuxent River, about i mile south-southwest of Hog Point and 
about I mile south of Drum Point Light. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Im.mediale locality. — Observed station is on a sandy clay bluff in a cultivated field, about 50 feet 
above high-water mark, 4 feet south of top edge of blulT, 180 yards east of trees and ravine beyond 
cultivated field, 60 yards west of trees and ravine beyond cultivated field, 300 yards north of large 
square chimney on old-fashioned farmhouse, and 250 yards north of large tree to right of farmhouse. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 13.32 meters S 54° 30' \V of observed station. Another 
reference station is a nail in the east side of cement in a 6-inch tile pipe 14.64 meters S 13° 20' E of 
observed station and on range with Drum Point Light. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of 5-inch tile pipe with top 8 inches below surface of ground. 
Reference station is nail in cement on east side of a 6-inch tile pipe with top 6 inches below surface of 
ground. Another reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with top 
9 inches below surface of ground. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Drum Point Light" (N 13° 20' W) o 

Left tree on Hog Point 81 

Right of bushes at edge of ravine 142 

Tree (12 inches diameter) 164 

Reference st-'^tion (tile) 179 

Tree (20 inches diameter) 183 

Chimney of Susquehanna farmhouse 192 

Large tree 199 

Reference station (monument) 247 

Right chimney of Fenner Lee house 302 



59 40 



59 



I mile. 

I mile. 

-- 75 yards 

-- )i mUe. 

45 14.64 meters 

25 ._ ,'/s mile. 

10 -_ 300 yards. 

08 .- 250 yards. 

50 00 13.32 meters. 

45 . _ 4 V2' miles. 



\ 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 57 

Center of four-sided roof on Doctor Marsh ° ' " 

house 307 58 __ 2^ miles. 

"Catholic Church Cross" 315 32 00 2%' miles. 

Silver tip on tower of Vale house 316 15 30 3 miles. 

Chimney of Bowen house 327 16 2 miles. 

"Bareda House Cupola" 348 44 00 iK miles. 

HOG 2. 

Generallocality . — Southern shore of entrance to Patuxent River on Hog Point, about ij/i miles 
west-northwest of Cedar Point Light. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a sand beach at high-water mark, 30 yards northwest 
of point of woods, and 200 yards north-northeast of nearest shore of Parsons Creek. Cement monu- 
ment marking reference station is 33.35 meters S 42° 22' E of observed station on a point of high land. 
Marks. — Observed station is nail set in cement in a 6-inch tile pipe, with top i foot below the 
surface. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Drum Point Light" (.N 60° 44' W) o ou 00 iX miles. 

"Bareda House Cupola" 2 44 50 iK miles. 

Chimney of cabin on opposite shore 22 20 .. iK miles. 

Tangent of Little Cove Point _ 71 56 __ 3'^ miles. 

"Cedar Point Light" 173 31 40 2 miles. 

Reference STATION 198 21 50 33.35 meters. 

Nail in blaze in pine tree 201 03 .. 29.58 meters. 

Cabin on opposite side of Parsons Creek 243 05 . _ ^4 niile. 

Chimney on Susquehanna farmhouse 301 04 __ i mile. 

"M. E. Church" (Solomons) 346 16 40 3'^ miles. 

Steeple of Vale house at Avondale 350 55 _- 3 K miles. 

PAT. 

Generallocality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay on Little Cove Point, about i?< miles south 
by west of Cove Point Light. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on the highest point of a thickly wooded bluff, about 75 
feet above high-water mark, 4 yards west of edge of bluff, and 15 yards southwest of extreme point. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 24.57 meters S 71° 26' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a 3-inch round stake set in cement, with top about 4 inches above 
surface of ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Cedar Point Light" (S 13° 54' E) o 00 00 41-^miles. 

Near piazza post of house 14 52 __ 4 miles. 

REp'erENCE STATION 85 20 oo 24.57 meters. 

Spike in blaze in tree (5 inches diameter).. 94 51 ._ 6.54 meters. 

Spike in blaze in tree (5 inches diameter) _ . 114 10 .. . 3.42 meters. 

Spike in blaze in tree (17 inches diameter). 138 54 .. 12.26 meters. 

Spike in blaze in tree (13 inches diameter). 181 46 __ 5.50 meters. 

"Cove Point Light" 203 25 30 li^ miles. 

"Hoopers Island Light" 327 58 10 loX miles. 

CEDAR POINT LIGHT. 

General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay on Cedar Point, 3X miles east-southeast of 
Drum Point Light and 6 miles south by east of Cove Point Light. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a brick dwelling known as Cedar Poir t Light-House. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of lantern on Cedar Point Light-House 
Reference. — ° ' " 

"Cove Point Light" (N 7° 16' W) o 00 00 6 miles. 



58 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



CAIN. 



General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay, about i-'s miles southwest of Cedar Point 
Light. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a bank about 5 feet above high-water mark, about 20 
yards northwest of ordinary high water, 5 yards northwest of extreme high water, 100 yards south- 
southwest of old-fashioned house among several large trees, and about 250 yards below small wharf and 
canning house. Cement monument marking reference station is 6.45 meters N 16° 56' E of observed 
station. 

Marks. — Observed station is a nail set in cement in a 3-inch pipe with top about 2 inches above 
ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° ' " 

"Cedar Point Light" (N 46° 45' E) o 

Steeple on church 28 

"Hoopers Island Light" 56 

"Point No Point Light" 106 

Right chimney on Tarleton house 135 

Near end of peak of 2-story house ' 148 

Reference station 330 

Near corner of house 335 

Aspen tree in house yard 339 



00 00 1 5 s miles. 

26 __ 9'^ miles. 

28 40 734 miles. 

05 __ i^H miles. 

12 __ . 3>4 miles. 

41 .- 1^4 miles. 

10 40 6.45 meters. 

13 -- -■ 100 yards. 

35 50 100 yards. 



DESERT. 



General locality. — Western shore of Chesapeake Bay, about 3 miles south-southwest of Cedar Point 
Light. (See Chart No. 20.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass land, about 25 yards west from ordinary 
high-water mark, about at level of extreme high-water mark, 40 yards south of a fence, 10 yards east of 
a fence, 45 yards south of a creek, about 50 yards north of point of pine woods, and about 300 yards 
east of woods across marsh. Cement monument marking reference station is 5.29 meters N 31° 24' W 
of observed station. 

.Mark.i. — Observed station is a 4-inch tile pipe projecting aljout 2 inches above surface of sand. 
Reference station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
Rejcrences. — ° ' " 

"Cedar Point Light' (N 34° 05' E) o 

Steeple on church _. 34 

"Hoopers Island Light" 59 

" Point No Point Light" 113 

Near end of peak of roof of Tarleton house„ 135 og 

Point of woods 146 00 

Nail in blaze in pine tree (14 inches diam- 
eter) 294 30 

Reference STATioj;.. 294 30 

Chimney on near end of house ,_ 336 38 

Large square chimney on larger of two 

houses 344 48 ._ • I mile. 



19 



^7 



3 miles. 
3 ' 2 miles. 

8 miles. 
1 1 miles. 

2 miles. 
50 yards. 



40 7.62 meters. 

40 5.29 meters 

_- ,'2 mile. 



BOUNDARIES OF OYSTER BARS. 

EXPLANATION. 

The law of the United States authorizing the cooperation of the Department of 
Commerce and Labor in the survey of natural oyster bars of Maryland provides for the 
designation and employment by the Department of Commerce and Labor of such officers, 
experts, and other technically qualified persons "as may be necessary to cooperate with 
the Maryland State Board of Shell Fish Commissioners in making a survey of and locating 
the natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland." 
The oyster laws of Maryland provide that the Maryland Shell Fish Commissioners, with 
the aid of such persons as may be designated by the Government, shall proceed "to 
have laid out, surveyed, and designated on the said charts the natural beds and bars, 
and shall cause to be marked and defined as accurately as practicable the limits and 
boundaries of the natural beds, bars, and rocks as established by said survey, and they 
shall take true and accurate notes of said sur^'ey in writing, and make an accurate report 
of said survey, setting forth such a description of landmarks as may be necessary to 
enable the said board, or their successors, to find and ascertain the boundary lines of 
the said natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks, as shown by a delineation on the maps 
and charts." The oyster laws of Maryland also provide in another section that there 
shall "be made a true and accurate survey of the natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks 
* * * with reference to fixed and permanent objects on the shore, giving courses 
and distances, to be fully described and set out in a written report of said survey." 

Under the provisions of the laws quoted above the State of Maryland, in coopera- 
tion with the Department of Commerce and Labor, must define the boundaries of the 
natural oyster bars "as accurately as practicable" and also "with reference to fixed and 
permanent objects on the shore, giving courses and distances." The requirement of 
"as accurately as practicable" is easily fulfilled by definition of the location of the cor- 
ners of the oyster bars by latitude and longitude. In fact, this method is probably the 
most satisfactory' and accurate one that could be used for all purposes of legal definition 
or for relocation of the oyster-bar boundaries by competent engineers. Therefore the 
additional requirement of "giving courses and distances" is superfluous and is only 
fulfilled in the published definitions on account of the specific provisions of the law 
making it compulsory. This part of the description of boundaries has involved an 
immense amount of extra computations in order to prevent technical discrepancies 
between the latitude and longitude of a corner of an oyster bar and its distance and 
bearing from objects on shore of known latitude and longitude without adding anything 
to the accuracy and very little to the convenience of practical use of the descriptions 
of the"ovster-bar boundaries. 



6o Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

As provided by law the boundaries of the oyster bars are all straight lines, but in 
the work already completed they have inclosed areas of all shapes from triangles to 
complicated 14-sided figures, and of all sizes from 4 acres to 7,548 acres. The sides 
have varied in length from 93 to 7,529 yards, and in some cases the comers of the bound- 
aries have been practically at the triangulation stations from which they are located, 
while in other instances they were over 13,600 yards from the landmarks most available 
for the purpose of fixing their position. 

The varied characteristics of the legal boundaries of the oyster bars indicated by 
the above statement, together with the complicated requirements of the law under 
which the survey has been made and the magnitude of the work with the conse- 
quent need of fixed and uniform methods, have made the problem of describing the 
boundaries one of considerable difficulty and great importance. 

The boundaries of the oyster bars of Maryland, as established by the Shell Fish 
Commission and delineated on the Coast and Geodetic Survey charts and projections 
and on the leasing charts of the Commission, are technically defined and described by a 
method somewhat different from that used in other oyster surveys. But it is believed 
that the forms finally adopted will fulfill all needs of the survey for both the present 
and future. 

METHOD OF DESCRIBING BOUNDARIES. 

The descriptions have been arranged in tabular form, thus avoiding many hundred 
repetitions of the same words by making one explanation of the tables sufficient for all 
oyster bars in each county. 

Title. — At the top of each tabular form is given the legal name of the oyster bar to 
be described, and the one by which it is known and designated in the published oyster 
records and on the oyster charts. The adopted name of the oyster bar is the one used 
locally, as nearly as could be ascertained by the hydrographic engineer of the Commis- 
sion; and when there was no local name in common use a name was selected from one 
of the prominent features of the vicinity that would naturally suggest the section of 
the waters where the oyster bar was located. 

Underneath the name, in parenthesis, is given the general locality of the oyster bar 
and the serial number of the "Maryland Oyster Chart" on which its legal boundaries 
are shown." 

First column. — This column, under the heading of "Corner of bar," gives the num- 
ber corresponding to the corner of the boundary as shown on the charts and to the 
number on the buoy marking the actual corner of the bar. The numbers of the corners 
have been assigned by naming the southernmost point No. i, thence proceeding in a 
clockwise direction around the bar; but where a corner of one oyster bar is identical 
with the corner of the boundaries of one or more other oyster bars only the number of 
the corner of the oyster bar being described in the table is given in this column. 

Second and third columns. — These two columns, under the headings of "Latitude" 
and "Longitude," give the geographic positions of the comers. These positions have 
been adopted by the Commission as the primary technical definition of the location of 
the corners, and should be considered as final in case of a dispute arising from discrep- 



" These charts can be obtained by appHcation to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey at Washington, D. C. 



I 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 6i 

ancies caused by other means of location. The latitudes and longitudes given in these 
columns are based on the United States standard datum of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, and the points thus defined can be relocated from distant triangulation stations 
of the Survey, even though all the landmarks and buoys originally used for their 
location have been destroyed by natural or other causes. 

Fourth and fifth columns. — These two columns, under the general heading of "True 
bearing"" and the specific headings "Forward" and "Back," give bearings measured 
from a true north-and-south line. The three "Forward" bearings are from the corner 
of the boundary designated in the first column to the triangulation stations named on 
the corresponding lines in the last column, and the three " Back " bearings are from these 
same stations in the last column to the corresponding corner of boundary in the first 
column. The difference in minutes of arc between the forward and back bearings 
shown in some cases is actual and not accidental, and is due to the fact that the com- 
putations took into account the spheroidal shape of the earth. 

Sixth column. — This column, under the heading of "Distance," gives the three 
computed distances in yards from the corner of the bar noted in the first column to the 
three triangulation stations named on the corresponding lines in the last column, and 
vice versa. 

Seventh column. — This column, under the heading of "U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 
tion station,"* gives the names of the landmarks from which were computed the cor- 
responding "Latitude," "Longitude," "True bearing," and "Distance" of the "Corner 
of the bar" designated in the first column. A full description of the location and mark- 
ings of these triangulation stations is given in another part of this publication under 
the heading of "Descriptions of triangulation stations." 

SURVEYING METHODS FOR RELOCATION OF BOUNDARIES. 

There are a number of methods that can be used in the relocation of the actual 
boundaries of the natural oyster bars as technically described in this publication and 
delineated on the published charts of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and the leasing 
charts of the Shell Fish Commission. 

The following brief descriptions of five of these more or less different methods assume 
a certain amount of experience and knowledge on the part of the engineer in the particu- 
lar kind of surveying under consideration, and are only intended as reminders of ways 
and means that can be used. 

There are two problems that are likely to present themselves to those interested in 
the boundaries of natural oyster bars: One, to determine whether the buoys marking 
the corners have been dragged or otherwise moved from their correct positions, and the 
other, to relocate or reestablish a buoy at the point from which it was removed. The 
different ways of solving these two problems partly depend upon the instruments pos- 
sessed by the engineer and his assistants and partly on his training and experience. 

" The mean magnetic variation for Calvert County was 5° 50' west of north in 1909 and increasing 
at the rate of .3' yearly. 

b Geographic positions of these triangulation stations can be obtained by application to the Super- 
intendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, Washington, D. C. 



62 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Aid. 

(i) TrianguJalion. — This method is the one that will give the greatest accuracy, 
but on account of its requiring special data and instruments, and being an operation 
rarely used by engineers not engaged in geodetic surveying, it is recommended only for 
cases in dispute that can not be settled satisfactorily by some other method. An 
explanation of this class of work would be too long for a report of this sort, and those 
not familiar with this method are referred to the publications on the subject by the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

(2) Hydrographic. — This method is the most simple and satisfactory one that can 
be adopted if the surveyor can obtain the use of the necessary instruments and assistants. 
It is the one best suited for the work of the engineers of the Commission in relocating 
corners of boundaries, as it gives results of the accuracy ordinarily required and is rapid 
in execution. Besides, it has the advantage of being available whenever three triangu- 
lation stations of suitable relative positions are visible from the offshore points needing 
relocation. 

Most navigators and others familiar with the use of a sextant are well acquainted 
with the graphic three-point method of fixing a position on water, and only a brief 
description of the operation will be stated. 

In the case where there is only one engineer having a single sextant, the three-point 
method can be used if the two angles determining the position of a buoy are first 
derived from the "Forward" bearings given in the tabular forms describing the bound- 
aries of the oyster bars. For example, take "Hog Point" bar, which is the first one 
described in this publication, and assume that "Corner No. i" is to be examined as 
to its position. The angle between the two landmarks "Hog Point" and "Beach," as 
determined from right to left from the forward bearings from this corner is 67° 35' and 
the angle between "Beach" and "111 2" is 17° 16'. Having these two angles, the 
engineer proceeds to the buoy of doubtful location and measures the actual sextant 
angles between the landmarks for which the calculations were made. If the meas- 
ured and calculated angles do not agree the buoy is not in its correct position and the 
boundary corner must be relocated. This is accomplished by moving the boat about 
until a point is reached where the angles do agree, and this point being the desired 
location the buoy can be placed in its correct position. 

If the engineer can obtain the use of both a sextant and a three-arm protractor 
("position finder"), the availability of the hydrographic method is increased, as the use 
of the protractor is essential in case of the washing away or destruction of one or more 
of the landmarks originally used in describing the boundaries. Under these circum- 
stances, any three landmarks of suitable relative position that are visible from the 
point to be located can be utilized. For example, the engineer can proceed to the buov 
of doubtful position and measure the two adjacent sextant angles between the three 
landmarks selected. These two angles are set off on the three-arm protractor and the 
actual position of the buoy plotted on the chart by shifting the protractor about until 
the edge of each of the three arms passes through the center of the symbols on the 
chart marking the position of the three landmarks selected. The center of the hub of 
the protractor will indicate on the chart the actual position of the buoy, and if tlie 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 63 

point thus obtained does not coincide with the true position of the corner of the bound- 
ary as given on the chart the surveyor can proceed to locate the buoy correctly by 
reversing the operation. This is done by placing the center point of the hub of the 
protractor over the corner of the boundary in question and measuring on the chart 
the two adjacent protractor angles between the three selected landmarks. One of the 
angles thus obtained is set on the sextant and the boat moved about until the two 
landmarks are shown by the sextant to subtend the same angle obtained from the 
protractor. The second angle is then placed on the sextant and the same operation 
gone through, and so on, first using one angle on the sextant, then the other, until a 
point is reached where both observed sextant angles are practically identical with 
the protractor angles. The point thus located is the desired one and the buoy can 
be placed to mark the'true position of the corner of the boundary in question. • 

If the engineer possesses two sextants and a protractor this problem is far easier 
of solution, as the two angles can be set off on separate sextants and the observer can 
quickly find the desired point where they agree with the protractor angles by using one 
sextant after the other without the need of resetting either. 

If there are two observers two sextants, and a protractor, it can be seen that the 
best conditions for both rapid and accurate hydrographic locations of points are attained; 
in fact, this is the method by which the buoys at the corners of the boundaries were 
originally placed by the hydrographic engineer to the Commission. 

(3) Magnetic bearings from ofjshorc. — This method of fixing a position on water is 
a simple and well-known one in navigation. It is available to anyone having a boat 
compass, and will be of special use to the State Fishery Force in investigating cases where 
buoys are supposed to have been moved for illegal purposes. 

In the case where a buoy is supposed to have been moved from its true position 
the observer takes compass bearings to the three landmarks given in the last column of 
the tables opposite the boundary corner in question. These bearings are then corrected 
for the local declination,'' and if the results agree with the published bearings the buoy 
is correctly located. 

In the case where the buoy is not in its correct position, or has disappeared 
altogether, the desired point can be determined by maneuvering the vessel until the 
corrected bearings agree with the ones in the tabular descriptions, when the buoy can 
be anchored in its proper location. 

In tl\e case where the landmarks for which the bearings are published have been 
destroyed or washed away, any landmarks whose positions are indicated on the charts 
can be used by getting their bearings directly from the chart by parallel rulers or a 
protractor and then applying them in the same manner as the ones published in the 
tables. 

(4) Magnetic hearings from shore. — This method will be of special value to engineers 
having an ordinary surveyor's compass. The compass can be set over the point mark- 
ing a " triangulation station" on shore, the name of which is given in the last column 

a The mean magnetic variation for Calvert County is 5° 50' west of north in 1909 and increasing 
at the rate of 3' yearly. 



64 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



opposite the "corner" in question. The instrument is then set at the corresponding 
"back" bearing (corrected for local magnetic declination) given in the fifth column 
of the tables opposite the "corner" in question, and the direction thus determined will 
give one range on which the desired point must be located. The compass can then be 
moved to a second triangulation station and another range located in a similar manner. 
The intersection of these two range-lines will give the desired point; but in general it 
should be checked by an additional range line determined from a third station. 

(5) Horizontal angles measured at latidmarks. — This process is a modification of the 
triangulation method, and will be useful to engineers who have a transit and desire 
considerable accuracy. 

The instrument is placed over a "triangulation station," the name of which appears 
in the last column of the tabular description opposite the "corner" in question. The 
telescope is then pointed to the landmark indicated in the " Descriptions of landmarks" 
as having a direction of 0° 00' 00" from the triangulation station being occupied by the 
transit. The tabular description of the boundaries is next examined and the "back" 
bearing of the questionable boundary "corner" from the landmark being occupied is 
taken out. The angle calculated from this "back" bearing and the bearing given in 
parenthesis alongside the zero landmark in the "Descriptions of landmarks" is then 
set off on the transit, and a range line established on which the desired point must be 
located. A similar process is then carried on at a second station, and so on until the 
position of the buoy is satisfactorily fixed. 

BOUNDARIES OF NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 



HOG POINT. 
(Chesapeake Bay — Chart No. 16.) 



Cor- 








True bearing 








Latitude 


Longitude 








Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 




, 


, » 




, 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 42 00. 00 


76 29 42.57 


N 
S 
S 


65 49 W 
46 36 W 
29 20 W 


S 65 50 E 
N 46 3,S E 
N 29 19 E 


3489 
4709 
6294 


Hog Point (Holland 3). 

Beach. 

Ill 2. 


2 


38 42 00. 00 


76 30 38.41 


N 
S 
S 


50 04 w 
31 01 \v 
16 19 w 


S 50 04 E 
N 31 00 E 
N 16 19 E 


2227 
3776 
5717 


Hog Point (Holland 3). 

Beach. 

Ill 2. 


3 


38 42 39. 59 


76 30 41.04 


N 
S 
S 


86 42 W 
22 ig \Y 
.2 4-= W 


S 86 43 E 
N 22 18 E 
N 12 41 E 


1640 

4941 
6994 


Hog Point (Holland 3). 

Beach. 

Ill 2. 


4 


38 42 30.67 


76 29 56. 13 


N 
S 

s 


82 02 \V 

3,S 39 W 
22 41 W 


S 82 03 E 
N 35 38 E 
N 22 40 E 


2852 
5255 
7068 


Hog Point (Holland 3). 

Beach. 

Ill 2. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Aid. 
UPPER STEPS. 

(Chesapeake Bay — Chart No. i6.) 



65 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 




True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. trianEula- 


of 
bar 




Forward 


Back 


tion station 


I 


38 40 31.72 


76 31 22. 80 


N 

s 
s 


6 56 \V 

71 26 w 
9 47 W 


S 6 s6 E 

N 71 26 E 
N 9 47 E 


Yards. 

4429 

815 

2547 


Hog Point (Holland 3) 

Beach. 

Ill 2. 


2 


38 41 07.90 


76 31 23-4^ 


N 
S 

s 


9 14 W 
27 03 W 
6 22 W 


S 9 14 E 
N 27 03 E 
N 6 22 E 


3228 
1661 
3753 


Hog Point (Holland 3). 

Beach. 

Ill 2. 


3 


38 41 07.81 


76 30 43. 13 


N 
S 
S 


26 23 W 
50 58 w 
21 41 w 


S 26 24 E 
N 50 58 E 
N 21 40 E 


3561 
2344 
401 1 


Hog Point (Holland 3). 

Beach. 

Ill 2. 


4 


38 40 32. 14 


76 30 41. 83 


N 
S 
S 


20 13 w 
81 37 W 
30 59 W 


S 20 13 E 
N 81 36 E 
N 30 59 E 


4681 
1876 
2945 


Hog Point (Holland 3). 

Beach. 

Ill 2. 



LOWER STEPS. 
[Chesapeake Bay — Chart .Vo. 16.) 





/ 


/ 




, 




, 


Yards. 




I 


38 37 54- 20 


76 30 09. 22 


N 
S 
S 


40 20 w 

47 33 W 

9 30 W 


S 

N 

N 


40 21 E 

47 33 E 
9 30 E 


3676 
1590 
2967 


III 2. 
Plum 3. 
Pier. 


2 


38 38 22.74 


76 31 01. 84 


N 
N 
S 


17 58 w 
28 13 w 
6 09 E 


S 
S 

N 


17 58 E 
28 14 E 

6 08 W 


4299 
2088 
2047 


Beach. 

Ill 2. 
Plum 3. 


3 


38 39 03 00 


76 31 10.50 


N 
N 
S 


21 53 W 

57 35 W 

7 31 E 


S 
S 

N 


21 53 E 

57 35 E 

7 31 w 


2944 

898 

3422 


Beach. 
Ill 2. 
Plum 3. 


4 


38 39 03. 40 


76 30 40. 60 


N 

N 
S 


34 46 \\' 
73 II W 

5 53 W 


S 
S 

N 


34 47 E 

73 12 E 

5 53 E 


3310 
1619 
3346 


Beach. 
Ill 2. 

Plum 3. 


5 


38 38 00. 00 


76 29 21.95 


N 
S 
S 


54 19 ^V 
62 2i W 
29 09 W 


S 

N 
N 


54 20 E 
62 22 E 
29 08 E 


4467 

2735 
3574 


Ill 2. 
Plum 3. 
Pier. 



20908 — 10- 



66 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

PLUM POINT. 

(Chesapeake Bay — Charts Nos. i6 and 17.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. trie 
tion station 


ngula- 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 






, 


, 




, 


r 


Yards. 






I 


38 35 08. 99 


76 29 30. 18 


N 

i 


29 56 w 
36 34 W 
28 09 W 


S 29 56 E 

N 36 33 E 
N 28 08 E 


3052 
2896 
5177 


Pier. 
Pen. 
Patch. 




2 


38 35 23- 36 


76 30 13.24 


N 
S 
S 


10 03 W 
14 27 w 

11 45 W 


S 10 04 E 

N 14 27 E 
N II 45 E 


2194 
5^14 

2871 


Pier. 

Patch. 

Pen. 




3 


38 37 54. 20 


76 30 09. 2 2 


N 
S 
S 


40 20 W 

47 33 W 

9 30 W 


S 40 21 E 
N 47 33 E 
N 9 30 E 


3676 
1590 
2967 


Ill 2. 
Plum 3. 
Pier. 




4 


38 38 00. 00 


76 29 21.95 


N 
S 
S 


54 19 W 
62 23 W 
29 09 w 


S 54 ^0 E 
N 62 22 E 
N 29 08 E 


4467 
2735 

3574 


Ill 2. 
Plum 3. 
Pier. 




5 


38 37 25.92 


76 28 39.97 


N 
S 
S 


51 36 w 
88 05 W 
55 '20 W 


S 51 38 E 
N 88 03 E 
N 55 19 E 


6048 
3536 
3467 


Ill 2. 
Plum 3. 
Pier. 




6 


38 35 46.04 


76 28 39. 80 


N 
S 
S 


63 57 W 
40 33 W 
33 00 W 


S 63 58 E 
N 40 32 E 
N 32 59 E 


3178 
4705 
693^ 


Pier. 
Pen. 
Patch. 





DADDIE DARE. 
(Chesapeake Bay — Chart No. 17.) 





/ rr 


t 




/ 


, 


Yards. 




I 


38 33 16.42 


76 30 01.31 


N 
S 

s 


31 30 w 
64 35 W 
24 08 W 


S 31 30 E 
N 64 34 E 
N 24 08 E 


1724 
1791 
3575 


Pen. 

Patch. 

Parker. 


2 


38 34 14.5- 


76 30 39- 37 


s 

vS 


12 36 W 
12 22 E 


N 12 36 E 

N 12 22 W 


2795 
501 


Patch. 
Pen. 








N 


3 56 E 


S 3 56 w 


4493 


Pier. 


3 


38 34 54- 39 


76 30 39. 16 


s 
s 

N 


8 36 W 
3 10 E 
5 38 E 


N 8 35 E 
N 3 10 W 
S 5 38 w 


4118 
1836 
3153 


Patch. 

Pen. 

Pier. 


4 


38 34 33- II 


76 29 58.02 


N 
S 
S 


II 31 W 
41 30 W 
26 57 W 


S II 32 E 
N 41 30 E 
N 26 56 E 


3935 
1491 
3762 


Pier. 
Pen. 
Patch. 


5 


38 33 40. 94 


76 29 34.95 


N 
S 

s 


68 05 W 
55 26 W 
27 SI w 


S 68 06 E 

N 55 25 E 
N 27 50 E 


1722 
2812 
4625 


Pen. 

Patch. 

Parker. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

GOVERNORS RUN. 

(Chesapeake Bay — Charts Nos. i~ and iS.) 



67 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 


1 


38 30 13-36 


76 29 52.52 


N 

.S 

s 


30 13 w 

35 28 W 
18 47 E 


S 30 13 E 

N 35 28 E 
N 18 46 W 


Yards. 

3368 

328 

3657 


Parker. 

Run. 

Poplar. 


2 


38 31 58- 17 


76 29 50.96 


N 
S 

s 


45 20 W 
70 15 w 

3 ^9 W 


S 45 21 E 
N 70 14 E 
N 3 29 E 


2660 
1845 
3808 


Patch. 
Parker. 
Run. 


3 


38 31 58.03 


76 29 13.54 


N 

s 
s 


56 58 W 
77 13 W 
17 51 w 


S 56 59 E 
N 77 12 E 
N 17 51 E 


3439 
2796 
3988 


Patch. 
Parker. 
Run. 


4 


38 31 16.41 


76 29 02.58 


N 

N 
S 


44 04 W 
75 -^5 W 
32 19 W 


S 44 05 E 
S 75 27 E 
N 32 18 E 


4563 
31 18 
2831 


Patch. 
Parker. 
Run. 


5 


38 31 oi. 16 


76 29 38.60 


N 
N 
S 


30 20 W 
57 49 W 
16 34 W 


S 30 20 E 
S 57 49 E 
N 16 34 E 


4394 
2439 
1955 


Patch. 

Parker.. 

Run. 


6 


38 30 18.02 


76 29 40. 77 


N 
S 
S 


36 04 W 
49 47 W 
13 27 E 


S 36 05 E 
N 49 47 E 
N 13 29 W 


3407 

656 

3722 


Parker. 

Run. 

Poplar. 



EMANUEL. 
(Chesapeake Bay — Charts Nos. if and 18.) 



I 


38 28 19. 22 


76 28 25.90 


N 34 45 W 
N 70 56 \V 
S 32 20 E 


S 34 46 E 
S 70 56 E 

N 32 20 W 


Yards. 
4360 
1 184 
-596 


Run. 

Poplar. 
Flag Pond. 


2 


38 30 13. 36 


76 29 52.52 


N 30 13 W 
S 35 28 W 
S 18 47 E 


S 30 13 E 
N 35 28 E 
N 18 46 W 


3368 

328 

3657 


Parker 

Run. 

Poplar. 


3 


38 30 18.02 


76 29 40. 77 


N ?6 04 \V 
S 49 47 W 

S 13 27 E 


S 36 05 E 
N 49 47 E 
N 13 29 W 


3407 
656 

3722 


Parker. 

Run. 

Poplar. 


4 


38 30 35- 16 


76 29 01.32 


N 54 30 W 
S S7 04 W 
S '2 27 W 


S 54 31 E 
N 57 04 E 
N 2 27 E 


3748 
1843 
4202 


Parker. 

Run. 

Poplar. 


5 


38 28 53.66 


76 28 01. 74 


N S2 14 W 
S 66 IS \V 
S 12 34 E 


S 52 15 E 
N 66 14 E 
N 12 34 W 


3953 
'9-'3 
3437 


Run. 
Poplar. 
Flag Pond. 



68 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

FLAG POND. 

(Chesapeake Bay — Chart No. jS.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distantv 


V. .S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 


I 


38 24 51.50 


76 24 49. 59 


N 45 57 W 
N 85 35 W 
S 41 39 E 


S 45 59 E 

S 85 35 E 
N 41 41 W 


Yards. 

4058 

210 

4564 


Wilson 2. 
Point of Rocks. 
Cove Point Light. 


2 


38 25 18.03 


76 25 24.78 


S 39 30 E 
N 56 55 E 
N 45 50 W 


N 39 30 ^^' 
S 56 58 w 

S 45 51 E 


1 138 
10684 
2766 


Point of Rocks. 
Travers 2. 
Wilson 2. 


3 


38 25 33.97 


76 25 40. 16 


S 38 39 E 
N 60 30 E 

N 48 37 W 


N 38 38 \V 
S 60 33 w 
S 48 37 E 


I8I3 
10755 

2IOI 


Point of Rocks. 
Travers 2. 
Wilson 2. 


4 


38 26 04. 98 


76 26 19. 20 


S 41 22 E 
N 67 45 E 

N 57 35 W 


N 41 22 VV 
S 67 49 \v 
S 57 35 E 


3280 

I I2^0 

641 


Point of Rocks. 

Travers 2. 
Wilson 2. 


5 


38 26 23.49 


76 26 48.62 


S 40 29 E 
N 72 01 E 

N 34 52 W 


N 40 29 \V 
S 72 05 W 

S 34 53 E 


370 

1 1 749 
2082 


Wilson 2. 
Travers 2. 
Flag Pond. 


6 


38 26 53. 57 


76 26 51.50 


N 58 04 W 
S 13 41 E 
S 36 25 E 


S 58 05 E 
N 13 41 W 
N 36 24 W 


1312 
1333 
5095 


Flag Pond. 
Wilson 2. 
Point of Rocks. 


7 


38 27 01. 36 


76 26 35. 34 


N 74 22 W 
S 4 08 W 
S 30 45 E 


S 74 23 E 
N 4 08 E 
N 30 44 W 


1600 
1562 
5076 


Flag Pond. 
Wilson 2. 
Point of Rocks. 


8 


38 26 32. 14 


76 25 46. 03 


N 63 34 W 
S 68 03 W 
S 20 52 E 


S 63 35 E 
N 68 02 E 
N 20 53 W 


3183 
1531 
3614 


Flag Pond. 
Wilson 2. 
Point of Rocks. 


9 


38 26 06. 70 


76 25 54.97 


N 48 57 W 
N 76 27 W 
S 31 II E 


S 48 58 E 
S 76 27 E 

N 31 II W 


3465 
1217 
2945 


Flag Pond. 
Wilson 2. 
Point of Rocks. 


lO 


38 24 54. 58 


76 24 44. 12 


N 48 24 W 
S 76 07 w 
S 39 25 E 


S 48 25 E 
N 76 07 E 

N 39 24 W 


4094 

365 

4548 


Wilson 2. 
Point of Rocks. 
Cove Point Light. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



69 



I 



SPOUT. 
{Upper Patuxent River — Chart No. ig.) 



Cor- 


Latitude ' 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 


• 


38 30 42.61 


76 39 57- 79 


N 69 04 W 
S 60 58 W 
S 7 32 E 


S 69 04 E 
N 60 57 E 

N 7 32 W 


Yards. 
79i 
1391 

348 


City. 

Indian. 

Hallowing. 


2 


38 30 45,02 


76 40 05. 13 


N 69 42 W 
S 53 28 W 
S 29 23 E 


S 69 42 E 
N 53 28 E 
N 29 23 W 


581 
1269 
489 


City. 

Indian. 

Hallowing. 


3 


38 30 53- 38 


76 39 ,S7- 79 


N 26 so W 
S 83 48 w 
S 3 51 E 


S 26 51 E 

N 83 48 E 
N 3 51 W 


1594 
744 
710 


Teague. 

City. 

Hallowing. 


4 


38 30 50. 86 


76 39 49. 62 


N 31 54 W 
N 89 43 W 
S 15 20 w 


S 31 54 E 
S 89 44 E 
N 15 20 E 


1 77-' 
956 
646 


Teague. 

City. 

Hallowing. 



HOLLAND POINT (CALVERT COUNTY). 
(Upper Patuxent River — Chart No. 79.) 



I 


38 30 12. 18 


76 40 15.63 


S 52 45 E 
N 37 20 E 
N 64 34 W 


N 52 45 W 
S 37 20 W 
S 64 34 E 


Yards. 
943 
856 
820 


Dwarf. 

Hallowing. 

Indian. 




- 


38 30 29. 62 


76 40 20. 02 


N 81 S9 E 
N II 47 W 
S 69 19 \V 


S 81 40 \V 
S 1 1 48 E 
.N^ 69 19 E 


641 
736 
667 


Hallowing. 

City. 

Indian. 




3 


38 30 45. 02 


76 40 05. 13 


N 6g 42 \V 
S 53 28 w 
S 29 23 E 


S 69 42 E 
N 53 28 E 
N 29 23 W - 


581 
1269 
489 


City. 

Indian. 

Hallowing. 




4 


38 30 15. 20 


76 39 56.94 


N 2 17 E 
N 78 zi W 
S 20 46 E 


S 2 17 W 
S 78 33 E 
.\ 20 46 W 


S8o 
1262 
720 


Hallowing. 

Indian. 

Dwarf. 





70 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md 

BUZZARD ISLAND. 

{Upper Patuxent River — Chart No. ig.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


■ 

U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 
tion station 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 




o ' / „ 


/ /; 


, 


, 


Yards. 




I 


38 28 55. 15 

Then 


76 39 26.67 
ce along count 


N 18 46 E 
S 81 44 W 
S 39 30 W 
f boundary as de 


S 18 46 w 
N 81 44 E 
N 39 30 E 
lineated on Chai 


"35 

933 

888 

t No. 19 


Buzz. 
Billiard. 
Trent. 
to corner No. 2. 


2 


38 29 34. 74 


76 39 54. 78 


N 15 53 E 
S 76 27 W 
S 6 50 W 


S 15 53 W 
N 76 27 E 
N 6 50 E 


720 
561 

1479 


Dwarf. 

Sothoron. 

Billiard. 


3 


38 29 43. 62 


76 39 49.40 


N 7 ,s8 E 

S 57 50 w 

S 10 13 w 


S 7 58 w 

N 57 50 E 
N ID 13 E 


396 
809 
1792 


Dwarf. 

Sothoron. 

Billiard. 


4 


38 29 02. 08 


76 39 12.63 


S 45 34 W 
S 58 59 E 
N 27 W 


N 45 33 E 
N 58 58 W 
S 27 E 


1312 
643 
844 


Trent. 
Morsel. 
Buzz 



MACKS HOLLOW. 

{Upper Patuxent River — Chart No. 19.) 



I 


3" ^8 36.57 


76 39 


II. 00 


N 43 51 E 
S 86 34 W 
S 33 48 W 


S 43 51 W 
N 86 34 E 
N 33 47 E 


Yards. 
733 
982 
1088 


Morsel. 
Trent. 
Collins. 


2 


38 28 47.06 


76 39 


18. 24 


S 62 23 W 
S 18 II W 

N 75 58 E 


N 62 23 E 
N 18 II E 
S 75 58 w 


890 

1324 
722 


Trent. 

Collins. 

Morsel. 


3 


38 28 49. 6q 


76 39 


12.42 


S 62 09 W 

S 2 2 S4 W 

N 80 42 E 


N 62 09 E 
N 22 54 E 
S 80 42 W 


1066 
1459 
553 


Trent. 
Collins. 
Morsel. 


4 


38 28 39.34 


76 39 


05- -4 


N 39 13 E 
S 82 21 W 
S 37 08 W 


S 39 13 W 
N 82 21 E 
N 37 07 E 


562 
"43 
1255 


Morsel. 
Trent. 
Collins. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



71 



BROAD NECK (CALVERT COUNTY). 
(Upper Patuxent River — Chart No. ig.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 


I 


38 27 41. 18 


76 39 00. 00 


N 26 03 E 
N 42 57 W 
S 54 49 W 


S 26 03 W 
S 42 57 E 
N 54 49 E 


Yards. 
848 
1317 
952 


Sheridan. 

Collins. 

Cremona. 



Thence along county boundary as delineated on Chart No. 19 to corner No. 2. 



2 


38 28 00. 34 


76 39 09. 64 


N 63 40 W 
S 23 40 W 
N 79 34 E 


S 63 41 E 
N 23 40 E 
S 79 34 W 


715 
1304 
639 


Collins. 

Cremona. 

Sheridan. 


3 


38 28 03. 12 


76 38 52.86 


N 78 22 W 
S 36 56 w 
N 83 10 E 


S 78 23 E 
N 36 56 E 
S 83 10 W 


1 109 

1611 

184 


Collins. 

Cremona. 

Sheridan. 


4 


38 27 45.22 


76 38 51.22 


N 12 36 E 
N 53 47 W 
S 55 56 W 


S 12 36 W 
S 53 48 E 
N 55 56 E 


640 
1400 

1222 


Sheridan. 

Collins. 

Cremona. 



THOMAS (CALVERT COUNTY). 
(Upper Patuxent River — Chart No. ig.) 








/ // 


/ // 


, 


, 


Yards. 




I 


38 


27 12.58 
Ther 


76 38 14. 84 

ce along count 


N 61 07 E 

N 25 33 W 

S 49 29 w 

y boundary as d 


S 61 07 W 
S 25 33 E 
N 49 29 E 
elineated on Cha 


1561 
1914 
1018 
rt No. 19 


Kitt. 
Sheridan. 
Oppkit. 
to corner No. 2. 


2 


38 


27 41. 18 


76 39 00. 00 


N 26 03 E 

N 42 57 W 
S 54 49 W 


S 26 03 W 

S 42 57 E 
N 54 49 E 


848 
1317 
952 


Sheridan. 

Collins. 

Cremona. 


3 


38 


27 45-22 


76 38 51.22 


N 12 36 E 

N 53 47 W 
S 55 56 W 


S 12 36 W 
S 53 48 E 
N 55 56 E 


640 
1400 

1222 


Sheridan. 

Collins. 

Cremona. 



KITTS MARSH. 
(Upper Patuxent River — Chart No. ig.) 








/ 


/ „ 


, 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 


26 48. 30 


76 37 38.66 


N 88 44 E 
N 14 31 E 


S 88 44 W 
S 14 31 w 


1652 
1625 


Battle. 
Kitt. 










N 84 48 W 


S 84 49 E 


1740 


Oppkit. 


2 


38 


27 33- 80 


-^ 37 50.40 


N 55 a w 
S 45 55 W 
N 86 56 R 


S 55 33 E 
N 45 55 E 
S 86 57 W 


1786 
1979 
720 


Sheridan. 

Oppkit. 

Kitt. 


3 


38 


27 28. 2i 


76 37 03.40 


N 66 47 W 
S 65 59 W 
S 28 42 E 


S 66 48 E 
N 65 58 E 

N 28 42 W 


574 
2921 

1493 


Kitt. 

Oppkit. 

Battle. 


4 


38 


27 06. 60 


7''' 37 07. 58 


N 23 34 W 
S 79 49 W 
S 54 58 E 


S 23 34 E 
N 79 48 E 
N 54 58 W 


1042 
2598 

lOIO 


Kitt. 

Oppkit. 

Battle. 



72 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 
PRISON POINT. 

(Upper Patuxcnl River — Chart No. 79.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 


I 


38 26 06. 26 


76 36 55-93 


s 

N 
S 


89 58 E 
19 38 E 

77 55 W 


N 89 57 W 
S 19 39 W 

N 77 55 E 


Yards. 
2229 
1544 
1749 


Photo. 
Battle. 

Fight. 


2 


38 26 48. 30 


76 37 38. 66 


N 
N 
N 


88 44 E 

14 31 E 
84 48 w 


S 88 44 W 
S 14 31 w 
S 84 49 E 


1652 
1625 
1740 


Battle. 

Kitt. 

Oppkit. 


3 


38 27 06. 60 


76 37 07. 58 


N 
S 

s 


^3 34 W 
79 49 W 
54 58 E 


S 23 34 E 
N 79 48 E 
N 54 58 W 


1042 
2598 

lOIO 


Kitt. 

Oppkit. 

Battle. 


4 


38 26 25. 18 


76 36 32.36 


s 

N 

s 


68 15 E 

7 24 W 

66 44 W 


N 68 15 W 
S 7 24 E 
N 66 43 E 


1727 

823 

254^ 


Photo. 
Battle. 
Fight. 



JACKS MARSH. 
(Middle Patuxent River — Chart No. 79.) 



I 


38 25 46. 60 


76 36 35-83 


N 68 42 E 
N 23 W 
N 82 27 W 


S 68 43 W 
S 23 E 
S 82 26 E 


Yards. 
1820 
2116 
2263 


Photo. 
Battle. 
Fight. 


2 


38 26 06. 26 


76 36 55-93 


S 89 s8 E 
N 19 38 E 
S 77 55 W 


N 89 57 W 
S 19 39 W 

N 77 55 E 


2229 
1544 
1749 


Photo. 
Battle. 
Fight. 


3 


38 26 25. 18 


76 36 32.36 


S 68 15 E 
N 7 24 W 
S 66 44 W 


N 68 15 W 
S 7 ^i E 
N 66 43 E 


1727 
823 
2542 


Photo. 
Battle. 
Fight. 


4 


38 26 11.08 


76 36 20.38 


S 82 43 E 
N 18 10 W 
S 78 44 W 


N 82 43 \V 
S 18 10 E 
N 78 43 E 


1297 
1359 
2704 


Photo. 
Battle. 
Fight. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

JACKS BAY. 

{Middle Patuxent River — Chart No. ig.) 



73 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 


I 


38 24 44. 96 


76 34 54. 62 


N 
N 
N 


23 28 E 
19 50 W 
87 57 w 


S 23 28 w 
S 19 51 E 
S 87 58 E 


Yards. 
1603 
2912 
2465 


Slim. 

Photo. 

Forr. 


2 


38 25 33.46 


76 36 05. 82 


S 
S 

N 


20 22 W 

86 17 E 
39 II E 


N 20 22 E 
N 86 16 W 
S 39 II w 


1650 
2533 
1425 


Forr. 
Slim. 
Photo. 


3 


38 25 46.40 


76 35 49-42 


S 
S 

N 


26 59 W 
73 59 E 
34 50 E 


N 26 s8 E 
N 73 58 W 
S 34 51 w 


2225 

2177 

814 


Forr. 
Slim. 
Photo. 


4 


38 25 04. 79 


76 34 41. 18 


N 
N 
S 


19 22 E 
33 00 W 
78 23 W 


S 19 22 W 

S 33 01 E 
N 78 22 E 


851 
2469 
2879 


Slim. 

Photo. 

Forr. 



PARKERS WHARF. 

{Middle Patuxent River — Chart No. 19.) 





, /, 


/ „ 




/ 


, 


Yards. 




I 


38 24 21.25 


76 34 00. 40 


N 
S 
S 


19 24 w 
70 07 w 
33 17 E 


S 19 25 E 
N 70 06 E 
N 33 >7 W 


2407 
2108 
256. 


Slim. 
Cole. 
Hutchins. 


2 


38 24 44.96 


76 34 54- 62 


N 
N 

N 


23 28 E 
19 50 W 

87 57 W 


S 23 28 W 
S 19 51 E 
S 87 58 E 


1603 
2912 
2465 


Slim. 

Photo. 

Forr. 


3 


38 25 04. 79 


76 34 41. x8 


N 
N 
S 


19 22 E 
33 00 W 
78 23 W 


S 19 22 W 
S 33 01 E 
N 78 22 E 


851 
2469 
2879 


Slim. 

Photo. 

Forr. 


4 


38 24 31.32 


76 33 54- 75 


N 
S 
S 


26 II \V 
63 35 W 
26 51 E 


S 26 12 E 
N 63 35 E 
N 26 51 W 


2152 
2381 
2781 


Slim. 
Cole 
Hutchins. 



74 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

BROOME ISLAND. 
{Middle Patuxent River — Chart No. 19.) 



Car- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


ol 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 




, 


/ // 




, 


, 


Yards. 




I 


38 24 06. 73 


76 33 44.00 


N 
S 
S 


24 06 w 
84 38 w 
30 26 E 


S 24 07 E 
N 84 37 E 
N 30 26 W 


30^4 
2428 
1916 


Slim. 
Cole. 
Hutchins. 


2 


38 24 21.25 


76 34 00.40 


N 
S 
S 


19 24 w 
70 07 w 
33 17 E 


S 19 25 E 
N 70 06 E 

N 33 17 W 


2407 
2108 
2561 


Slim. 
Cole. 
Hutchins. 


3 


38 24 31.32 


76 33 54- 75 


N 
S 
S 


26 II W 
63 35 W 
26 51 E 


S 26 12 E 
N 63 35 E 
N 26 51 W 


2152 
2381 
2781 


Slim. 
Cole. 
Hutchins. 


4 


38 24 43. 90 


76 33 17-78 


N 
S 
S 


52 01 W 

64 34 W 

5 -M E 


S 52 02 E 

N 64 33 E 

N 5 24 W 


2449 

3447 
2918 


Slim. 
Cole. 
Hutchins. 


5 


38 24 15.43 


76 33 22.44 


N 
S 

s 


36 13 W 
80 06 \V 
" i5 E 


S 36 14 E 
N 80 05 E 
N II 34 W 


3058 
3035 
1985 


SUm. 
Cole. 
Hutchins. 



ISLAND CREEK. 
{Middle Patuxent River — Chart No. ig.) 





/ II 


/ // 


1 


, 


Yards. 




1 


38 24 00. 18 


76 32 37- 18 


N 36 43 E 
N .1 45 W 
S 29 18 W 


S 36 43 W 
S II 46 E 
N 29 18 E 


1048 
1407 
1640 


Island. 
Sweep. 
Hutchins. 


' 


38 24 21. 82 


76 32 54-59 


S 8 58 W 
N 84 13 E 
N 15 07 E 


N 8 58 E 
S 84 13 W 
S 15 07 W 


2192 
1089 
671 


Hutchins. 

Island. 

Sweep. 


3 


38 24 24.58 


76 32 49. 20 


S 12 07 W 
N 88 57 E 
N 3 >4 E 


N 12 07 E 
S 88 58 W 
S 3 14 w 


2305 
946 
557 


Hutchins. 

Island. 
Sweep. 


4 


38 24 03. 25 


76 32 31-28 


N 32 32 E 
N 19 12 W 
S 32 01 w 


S 32 32 w 
S 19 12 E 
N 32 01 E 


874 
1349 
1810 


Island. 
Sweep. 
Hutchins. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 
PETERSON (CALVERT COUNTY). 

(Middle Patuxent River — Chart No. ig.) 



75 



\ 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 


I 


38 22 56.90 


76 30 33. 78 


N 88 53 E 
N 55 05 E 
N 13 16 E 


S 88 54 W 
S 55 05 W 
S 13 16 W 


Yards. 
1920 
1587 
1313 


Lend. 

Sollers. 

Wheat. 


- 


38 23 12.22 

The 


76 31 1 1. 86 
nee along count 


S 76 36 W 

S 30 W 

N 65 25 E 

y boundary as c 


N 76 35 E 
N 30 E 
S 6s 24 W 
elineated on Cha 


1669 
1989 
1126 
rt No. 19 


Bars. 
Stock. 
Wheat, 
to corner No. 3. 


3 


38 23 44.44 


76 31 50.08 


N 30 01 E 

N 24 27 W 
S 22 47 W 


S 30 01 W 
S 24 27 E 

N 22 47 E 


1818 
1506 
1601 


Peak. 

Inland. 

Bars. 


4 


38 24 08.86 


76 31 20. 50 


S 41 01 E 
N 9 26 E 
N 68 46 W 


N 41 01 W 
S 9 26 W 
S 68 46 E 


1909 

759 
1511 


Wheat. 

Peak. 

Island. 




38 24 00. 00 


76 31 04.40 


N 16 06 W 
S 42 29 w 
S 35 5-' E 


S 16 06 E 
N 42 29 E 

N 35 5^ W 


1093 
2713 
1410 


Peak. 
Bars. 
Wheat. 



HEARS (CALVERT COUNTY). 
{Lower Patuxent River — Chart No. 20.) 





/ 


/, 


, „ 


, 


, 


Yards. 






I 


38 22 


10. 64 


76 29 40. 84 


S 43 10 W 
S 58 24 E 

N 10 28 E 


N 43 10 E 

N 58 24 W 
S 10 28 W 


149 1 
1042 
1 25 1 


Briscoe. 
Stump. 
Lend. 




" 


38 22 


13-42 
The 


76 30 03.46 
ice along count 


N 36 08 E . 

S 89 S9 W 

S 19 34 W 

y boundary as d 


S 36 09 w 
N 89 59 E 
N 19 34 E 
elineated on Cha 


1403 
1833 
1 25 1 
rt No 20 


Lend. 
Stock. 
Briscoe, 
to corner No. 


3- 


3 


38 22 


48. 14 


76 30 44. 62 


N 88 53 E 
N 55 05 E 
N 13 16 E 


S 88 54 W 
S 55 05 W 
S 13 16 W 


1920 

1587 
1313 


Lend. 

Sollers. 
Wheat. 




4 


38 22 


56. 90 


76 30 33- 78 


S 78 29 E 
N s8 50 E 
N '0 47 E 


N 78 29 W 
S 58 50 W 
S 47 W 


1666 
.184 
985 


Lend. 

Sollers. 

Wheat. 




5 


38 22 


24.02 


76 29 34. 47 


N 4 17 E 
s 37 42 w 
S 35 47 E 


S 4 17 W 
N 37 4-^ E 
N 35 47 W 


779 
1943 
1229 


Lend. 

Briscoe. 

Stump. 




6 


38 22 


1 1. 06 


76 29 32.03 


N 19 W 
S 48 42 W 
S 49 25 E 


S 19 E 

N 48 42 E 
N 49 25 W 


I2I3 
1668 
862 


Lend. 

Briscoe. 

Stump. 


' 



76 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



HELLEN. ' 
{Loiter Patuxent River — Chart No. 20.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula 
tion station. 




of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 




I 


38 21 13.82 
The 


76 29 19. 73 
ice along count 


S 88 22 E 

N 13 27 E 

S 50 43 W 

y boundary as d 


/ 

N 88 21 W 
S 13 27 W 
N 50 43 E 
elineated on Cha 


Yards. 

lOOI 

1409 

II72 

rt No. 20 


Hellen. 
Stump. 
Nat. 
to corner No. 2. 




2 


38 21 28. 78 


76 29 27.51 


S 29 21 W 
S 66 10 E 
N 31 41 E 


N 29 20 E 
N 66 10 W 
S 31 42 W 


1430 
1320 
1017 


Nat. 

Hellen. 

Stump. 




3 


38 21 43.02 


76 29 17. 82 


S 29 02 W 
S 43 09 E 

N 35 43 E 


N 29 01 E 
N 43 09 W 

S 35 43 W 


1975 
1389 
475 


Nat. 

Hellen. 

Stump. 




4 


38 22 10. 64 


76 29 40. 84 


S 43 10 W 
S 58 24 E 
N 10 28 E 


N 43 10 E 
N 58 24 W 
S 10 28 W 


1491 
1042 
1251 


Briscoe. 
Stump. 
Lend. 




5 


38 22 11.06 


76 29 32.03 


N 19 W 
S 48 42 W 
S 49 25 E 


S 19 E 
N 48 42 E 
N 49 25 W 


1213 
1668 
862 


Lend. 
Briscoe. 

Stump. 




6 


38 22 12.02 


76 29 22. 46 


N 12 27 W 
S 53 04 w 
S 34 01 E 


S 12 27 E 
N 53 03 E 
N 34 01 W 


1208 
1886 
715 


Lend. 

Briscoe. 

Stump. 




7 


38 21 35.98 


76 28 55. 14 


N 27 35 W 
S 46 20 W 
S 24 08 E 


S 27 35 E 
N 46 19 E 

N 24 08 W 


702 

2.58 

850 


Stump. 

Nat. 

Hellen. 




8 


38 21 33.41 


76 29 04. 07 


N 7 05 W 
S 43 19 W 
S 40 19 E 


S 7 05 E 
N 43 19 E 
N 40 18 W 


714 
1929 
903 


Stump. 

Nat. 

Hellen. 




9 


38 21 16.78 


76 28 52.37 


N 17 26 W 
S 62 44 w 
sS 64 53 E 


S 17 26 E 
N 62 43 E 
N 64 53 W 


1331 
1838 
303 


Stump. 

Nat. 

Hellen. 





HUNGERFORD HOLLOW. 
{Lower Patuxent River — Chart No. 20.) 





, n 


, 


, 


/ 


Yards. 




I 


38 20 03. 38 


76 28 46.62 


N 38 28 E 
N 87 57 W 
S 36 39 W 


S 38 29 W 
sS 87 57 E 
N 36 39 E 


1247 
1223 
514 


Ton. 
Mill. 
Bur. 


2 


38 20 05. 82 


76 28 58. 74 


N 50 51 E 
S 87 33 W 
S I 47 E 


S 50 51 w 
N 87 i3 E 
N I 47 W 


1415 
901 

494 


Ton. 
Mill. 
Bur. 


3 


38 20 33. 14 


76 28 48. 62 


S 50 37 W 
S 10 09 w 
S 88 05 E 


N 50 37 E 
N 10 09 E 
N 88 06 W 


1512 
1438 
829 


Mill. 
Bur. 
Ton. 


4 


38 20 30. 18 


76 28 36. 35 


S 60 06 w 
S 23 46 w 
N 81 50 E 


N 60 05 E 
N 23 46 E 
S 81 50 W 


1725 
1437 
507 


Mill. 
Bur. 
Ton. 



♦ 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



77 



BARN GATES. 
{Lower Paluxent River — Chart No. 20.) 



38 19 31- 



76 28 19. 14 



N 21 38 E 
N 57 48 W 
S 37 50 W 



S 21 38 W 
S s? 48 E 
N 37 50 E 



Yards. 

775 : New. 
1225 1 Bur. 
547 I Town. 



Thence along county boundary as delineated on Chart No. 20 to corner No. 2. 



19 32.82 76 29 15. 02 



S 34 21 W 
S 67 53 E 

N 35 55 E 



N 34 21 E 
N 67 53 W 
S 35 55 W 



518 
1240 
763 



Cable. 
Town. 
Bur. 



Thence along county boundary as delineated on Chart No. 20 to corner No. 3. 



38 



38 



38 



38 



19 


-^ 


74 


19 


49 


38 


19 


38 


36 


19 


50 


62 


19 


49 


33 


19 


44 


56 


19 


36 


50 



76 


^9 15. 14 


76 


29 08. 36 


76 


^9 05-73 


76 


28 52.41 


7^ 


28 27. 26 


76 


28 13.36 


76 


28 08.41 



N 49 06 W 
S 14 48 w 
S 83 16 E 

N 51 20 W 

S 25 27 w 
N 78 19 E 

N 24 59 E 
N 38 51 W 
S 41 16 w 

N 83 12 W 
S 27 12 E 
N 85 48 E 

N 8s 42 W 
S 6 42 W 
N 75 31 E 

N 24 30 E 
N 79 24 W 
S 29 34 W 

S 62 03 W 
S 88 20 E 
N o 05 E 



S 49 06 E 

N 14 48 E 
N 83 16 W 

S 51 21 E 
N 25 27 E 
S 78 19 w 

S 24 59 W 
S 38 51 E 
N 41 15 E 

S 83 12 E 
N 27 12 W 
S 85 48 W 

S 85 42 E 
N 6 41 E 
S 75 32 W 

S 24 30 W 
S 79 -'5 E 
N 29 34 E 

N 62 02 E 
N 88 20 W 
S o 05 W 



614 
"37 
454 

826 

1093 

277 

476 
1140 
818 



823 
1030 
516 

319 
121 1 
992 

938 
743 
562 



Mill. 

Cable. 

Bur. 

Mill. 

Cable. 

Bur. 

Bur. 
Mill. 
Cable. 

Bur. 

Town. 

New. 

Bur. 

Town. 

New. 

New. 
Bur. 
Town. 

M. E. Church. 
Catholic Church Cross. 
New. 



78 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

BACK OF ISLAND. 

(Lower Patiixent River — Chart No. 20.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


al 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 


I 


38 18 37.46 


76 27 22. 28 


N 
N 
S 


2 47 E 
14 20 W 

57 21 W 


S 2 47 W 
S 14 20 E 
N 57 -^i E 


Yards. 
733 
1 60 1 
1309 


Sand. 

M. E. Church. 

Ben, 


2 


38 19 14.98 


76 27 45.78 


S 

N 
N 


51 03 E 
38 36 E 
II 22 E 


N 51 03 W 
S 38 36 w 
S 11 22 W 


849 
365 
718 


Sand. 

M. E. Church. 

CathoHc Church Cross. 


3 


38 19 31.80 


76 28 ig. 14 


N 
N 

vS 


21 38 E 

57 48 W 
37 50 W 


S 21 38 W 

S 57 48 E 
N 37 50 E 


775 
12^5 
547 


New. 
Bur. 
Town. 


4 


38 19 36.50 


76 28 08. 41 


s 

s 

N 


62 03 W 
88 20 E 
05 E 


N 62 02 E 
N 88 20 W 
S 05 W 


938 
743 
562 


M. E. Church. 
CathoHc Church Cross. 

New. 


5 


38 19 17.36 


76 27 40. 64 


s 

N 
N 


40 27 E 
23 59 E 
87 42 w 


N 40 27 W 
S 23 59 W 
S 87 42 E 


807 
224 
1359 


Sand. 

M. E. Church. 

Town. 


6 


38 18 43.78 


76 27 17.52 


N 
N 
S 


9 56 W 

58 57 W 
53 12 W 


S 9 56 E 
S 58 58 E 
N 53 II E 


526 
2302 
1534 


Sand. 
Town. 
Ben. 



SHELL PILE. 
(Lower Patuxent Kiver — Chart No. 20.) 



I 


38 19 


14. 10 


76 


27 16.86 


N 44 23 E 
N 59 44 W 

S 3 19 w 


S 44 24 W 
S 59 44 E 
N 3 19 E 


Yards. 

479 
626 
156 


Fishstack. 
M. E. Church. 
K. of P. Flagstaff. 


2 


38 19 


15. 60 


76 


27 18.42 


N 52 15 E 
N 62 03 W 
S 8 56 E 


S 52 15 w 
S 62 03 E 
N 8 56 W 


475 
564 
209 


Fishstack. 
M. E. Church. 
K. of P. Flagstaff. 


3 


38 19 


21. 22 


76 


27 09. 38 


N 53 II E 
N 84 II W 
S 27' 40 W 


S 53 II W 
S 84 12 E 
N 27 40 E 


169 

743 
447 


Fishstack. 
M. E. Church. 
K. of P. Flagstaff. 


4 


38 19 


19.90 


76 


27 07.84 


N 33 01 E 

N 81 16 W 
S 35 12 W 


S 33 01 w 
S 81 16 E 

N 35 12 E 


175 
789 
431 


Fishstack. 
M. E. Church. 
K. of P. FlagstafT. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



79 



I 



CHERRY TREE. 

{Lower Patuxent River — Chart No. 20.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 




of 
bai 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 


I 


38 19 01. 06 


76 27 05.07 


N I 34 E 
N 48 40 W 
S 81 22 W 


S I 34 W 
S 48 40 E 
N 81 21 E 


Yards. 
782 
430 
426 


Fishstack. 

K. of p. Flagstaff. 

Sand. 


- 


38 19 09. 49 


76 27 01.33 


N 8 54 W 
N 89 55 W 

S 56 14 w 


S 8 54 E. 
S 89 55 E 
N 56 13 E 


503 
422 
627 


Fishstack. 

K. of P. Flagstaff. 

Sand. 


3 


38 19 16. 62 


76 27 07. 84 


N 20 18 E 
N 73 33 W 
S 45 53 W 


S 20 18 W 
S 73 34 E 
N 45 53 E 


273 
814 
347 


Fishstack. 
M. E. Church. 
K. of P. Flagstaff. 


4 


38 19 19.66 


76 27 06. 41 


N 20 17 E 
N 81 08 W 
S 39 50 W 


S 20 17 W 
S 81 08 E 
N 39 50 E 


165 

828 
447 


Fishstack. 
M. E. Church. 
K. of P. Flagstaff. 


5 


38 19 07.48 


76 26 50. 48 


N ^2 56 W 
N 84 36 W 
S 70 53 W 


S 3^ 56 E 
S 84 36 E 

N 70 52 E 


674 
713 
856 


Fishstack. 

K. of P. Flagstaff. 

Sand, 


6 


38 19 03.43 


76 26 59.69 


N 9 49 W 
N 66 21 W 
S 75 43 W 


S 9 49 E 
S 66 21 E 

N 75 41 E 


712 
507 
583 


Fishstack. 

K. of P. Flagstaff. 

Sand. 



8o 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

SWASH. 

{Lower Paluxent River — Chart No. 20.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 

bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 




/ 


/ // 




, 


, 


Yards. 




I 


38 19 14.46 


76 26 42. 80 


N 
N 
S 


22 31 E 
59 57 W 
63 01 \V 


S 22 31 W 

S 59 57 E 
N 63 01 E 


492 
658 
"34 


Bon. 

Fishstack. 

Sand. 


2 


38 19 18.38 


76 26 46. 80 


N 
N 
S 


42 30 E 
66 34 W 
54 27 W 


S 42 30 W 
S 66 35 E 
N 54 27 E 


435 
505 
1114 


Bon. 

Fishstack. 
Sand. 


3 


38 19 16. 23 


76 26 50. 63 


N 
N 
S 


45 14 E 

53 55 W 

54 27 W 


S 45 14 W 
S 53 55 E 
N 54 26 E 


558 
458 
990 


Bon. 

Fishstack. 

Sand. 


4 


38 19 19.66 


76 26 53.64 


N 
N 
S 


59 43 E 
61 18 W 
61 14 W 


S 59 43 W 
S 61 18 E 
N 61 14 E 


551 
322 
714 


Bon. 

Fishstack. 

K. of P. Flagstaff. 


5 


38 19 20. 62 


76 26 46. 83 


N 
N 
S 


50 13 E 
75 14 W 
65 01 W 


S 50 13 w 
S 75 14 E 
N 65 01 E 


383 
479 
890 


Bon. 

Fishstack. 

K. of P. Flagstaff. 


6 


38 19 24. 62 


76 26 40. 42 


N 
S 
S 


48 24 E 
88 50 W 
62 24 W 


S 48 24 W 
N 88 50 E 
N 62 24 E 


166 

633 
1102 


Bon. 

Fishstack. 

K. of P. Flagstaff. 


7 


38 19 15.46 


76 26 35.24 


N 
N 
N 


77 13 E 
I 47 W 

69 GO W 


S 77 13 w 
S I 47 E 
S 69 00 E 


1500 
420 

826 


Bareda House Cupola. 

Bon. 

Fishstack. 



SANDY POINT LUMPS. 
{Lower Patuxent River — Chart No. 20.) 





/ 


/ 


, 




, 


Yards. 




I 


38 18 32.95 


76 26 56.30 


N 65 07 E 
N 6 58 W 
N 36 32 W 


S 

s 

S 


65 08 w 

6 58 E 

36 32 E 


2935 
1742 
1 100 


Drum Point Light. 

Fishstack. 

Sand. 


2 


38 19 01.06 


76 27 05.07 


N I 34 E 
N 48 40 W 
S 81 22 W 


S 

s 

N 


I 34 W 
48 40 E 
81 21 E 


782 
430 
426 


Fishstack. 

K. of P. Flagstaff. 

Sand. 


3 


38 19 03. 43 


76 26 59.69 


N 9 49 W 

N 66 21 W 
S 75 42 W 


s 
s 

N 


9 49 E 
66 21 E 

75 41 E 


712 
507 
583 


Fishstack. 

K. of P. Flagstaff. 

Sand. 


4 


38 18 38.82 


76 26 36. 60 


N 64 08 E 
N 25 38 W 
N 59 48 W 


s 
s 
s 


64 09 W 
25 38 E 
59 48 E 


2377 
1698 
1363 


Drum Point Light. 

Fishstack. 

Sand. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 
SOUTHEAST MIDDLE-GROUND. 

{Lower Paluxent River — Cliart No. 20.) 



81 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


- 


True bearing 


Distance 


I' .S. C. S: G. S. triangula- 


"of 
bar 


Forward 


Back 


tion station 




, n 


/ n 




, 




, 


Yards. 




I 


38 18 36.88 


76 26 17. 61 


N 
N 

N 


56 01 E 
15 38 w 
65 56 W 


s 
s 
s 


S6 01 W 

15 38 E 
65 57 E 


1972 
1787 
1843 


Drum Point Light. 

Bon. 

Sand. 




38 18 54-83 


76 26 44. 86 


N 
N 
N 


78 06 E 
12 16 E 
81 20 W 


s 
s 
s 


78 07 W 
12 16 W 
81 21 E 


2410 
I141 
970 


Drum Point Light. 

Bon. 

Sand. 


3 


38 19 03. 18 


76 26 40.68 


N 
N 
S 


84 31 E 

8 58 E 

83 53 \V 


s 
s 

N 


84 3-' \V 

8 58 \V 

83 53 E 


2258 

845 
1076 


Drum Point Light. 

Bon. 

Sand. 


4 


38 18 59.63 


76 26 25.20 


N 
N 
S 


79 39 E 
16 21 W 

89 -\^ w 


s 
s 

N 


79 39 W 
16 21 E 
89 23 E 


1867 

993 
1481 


Drum Point Light. 

Bon. 

Sand. 


5 


38 19 07. 06 


76 26 07. 2- 


N 
N 

N 


86 27 E 
49 33 E 
47 03 W 


s 
s 
s 


86 27 \V 
49 33 W 
47 03 E 


1365 
948 
103 1 


Drum Point Light. 
Bareda House Cupola. 
Bon. 


6 


38 19 15.48 


76 26 06. 76 


S 

N 
N 


81 35 E 
64 53 E 
61 27 W 


N 

s 
s 


81 34 W 
64 53 W 
61 27 E 


1362 
781 
876 


Drum Point Light. 
Bareda House Cupola. 
Bon. 


7 


38 19 14.40 


76 26 14. 82 


S 

N 
N 


84 03 E 
67 52 E 
50 40 W 


N 

s 
s 


84 02 W 
67 52 W 
50 40 E 


1569 
994 
718 


Drum Point Light. 
Bareda House Cupola. 
Bon. 


8 


38 19 14.76 


76 26 22. 18 


S 

N 
N 


84 19 E 
71 57 E 
39 05 W 


N 

s 
s 


84 20 W 
71 57 W 
39 06 E 


1765 
1175 
571 


Drum Point Light. 
Bareda House Cupola. 
Bon. 


9 


38 19 23-38 


76 26 16. 02 


S 

N 
N 


73 42 E 
86 06 E 
73 46 W 


N 

s 
s 


73 42 W 
86 06 \V 
73 46 E 


1659 
954 
546 


Drum Point Light. 
Bareda House Cupola. 
Bon. 


10 


38 19 22,. 77 


76 25 52.60 


S 

N 

N 


63 44 E 
81 05 E 
83 05 W 


N 

s 

s 


63 44 W 
81 05 W 
83 06 E 


1083 
335 
"54 


Drum Point Light. 
Bareda House Cupola. 
Bon. 


1 1 


38 18 40. 96 


76 25 49.21 


S 

N 

N 


57 34 E 

4-' 23 E 

9 08 E 


N 

s 
s 


57 Zi W 

42 23 w 

9 08 w 


1547 
1306 
1516 


Carroll 2. 

Drum Point Light. 

Bareda House Cupola. 



20908 — 10- 



82 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



LIGHT HOUSE LUMP. 
{Lower Paluxent River — Chart No. 20.) 



Cor- 


Latitude 


Longitude 


True bearing 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 
bar 


Forward Back 


tion station 


I 

2 

3 
4 


38 18 50.42 
38 19 00.00 
38 19 00. 00 
38 18 50. 60 


76 25 42.82 
76 25 36. 78 
76 25 21.67 
76 25 :5. 98 


S 44 41 E 
N 47 44 E 
N 3 27 E 

S 33 3^ E 
N 59 36 E 

N 5 59 W 

S 21 19 E 

N 24 45 E 
N 29 54 W 

S 20 07 E 
N 13 W 
N 28 45 W 


N 44 40 \A' 
S 47 45 W 
S 3 ^7 W 

N 33 3-^ W 
S 59 36 w 
S 5 59 E 

N 21 19 W 
S 24 45 w 
S 29 55 E 

N 20 07 W 
S 13 E 
S 28 45 E 


Yards. 
1616 
960 
1179 

1766 
638 
858 

1580 
355 
984 

1230 
640 
1335 


Carroll 2. 

Drum Point Light. 

Bareda House Cupola 

Carroll 2. 

Drum Point Light. 

Bareda House Cupola. 

Carroll 2. 

Drum Point Light. 

Bareda House Cupola. 

Carroll 2. 

Drum Point Light. 

Bareda House Cupola. 



OLD LUMP. 
{Entrance Patuxent River — Chart No. 20.) 



I 


38 18 58.36 


76 25 


10. 00 


S 10 H E 
S 67 54 E 
N 23 46 W 


N to 34 W 
N 67 53 W 
S 23 46 E 


Yards. 
1441 
2014 
411 


Carroll 2. 

Hog 2. 

Drum Point Light. 




2 


38 19 09.57 


76 25 


16.07 


S 60 45 E 
S 13 21 E 
S 83 58 W 


N 60 44 W 
N 13 20 W 
N 83 57 E 


23^4 
1844 
3335 


Hog 2. 
Carroll 2. 
Sand. 




3 


38 19 10.57 


76 25 


02. 48 


S 84 40 W 
S 2 01 E 
S 54 56 E 


N 84 39 E 
N 2 01 W 
N 54 56 W 


363 
1830 
2036 


Drum Point Light. 
Carroll 2. 
Hog 2. 





CARROLL MUDS (CALVERT COUNTY). 
{Entrance Patuxent River — Chart No. 20.) 





/ 


> ,r 


c , 


, 


Yards. 




I 


38 18 45.42 


76 25 04. 36 


S 6 40 E 
S 79 23 E 
N 20 54 W 


N 6 40 W 
N 79 23 W 
S 20 55 E 


988 
1746 
874 


Carroll 2. 

Hog 2. 

Drum Point Light. 


2 


38 18 52.28 


76 25 04. 30 


S 5 19 E 
S 72 08 E 

N 27 23 W 


N 5 19 W 
N 72 08 W 

S 27 23 E 


1220 
1802 
656 


Carroll 2. 

Hog 2. 

Drum Point Light. 


3 


38 19 07.56 


76 24 21. 07 


N 87 21 W 
S 30 57 W 
S 27 56 E 


S 87 21 E 
N 30 57 E 

N 27 56 W 


1462 
2013 
1210 


Drum Point Light, 
Carroll 2. 
Hog 2. 


4 


38 19 03. 80 
Thenc 


76 24 17. 62 

e along county 


N 82 51 W 
S 35 '10 w 
S 26 46 E ' 
boundary as del 


S 82 52 E 
N 35 09 E 
N 26 46 W 
neated on Chart 


1565 
1958 
1054 
No. 20 to 


Drum Point Light. 
Carroll 2. 
Hog 2. 
corner No. i. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

SIMMONS. 
(Enlrancc Paluxcnt River — Chart No. 20.) 



83 



Cor- 
ner 
of 
bar 


Latitude 


Longitude 




True t 
Forward 


earing 

Back 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 
tion station 


I 


38 19 29.40 


76 24 22.40 


s 
s 
s 


64 52 w 

22 06 W 

18 27 E 


N 64 S2 E 
N 22 06 E 
N 18 26 W 


Yards. 
1575 
2659 
1903 


Drum Point Light. 
Carroll 2. 
Hog 2. 


2 


38 19 36.67 


76 24 29. 70 


s 
s 
s 


53 26 W 
16 35 W 
21 13 E 


N 53 25 E 
N 16 34 E 
N 21 13 W 


1534 
2826 
2199 


Drum Point Light. 
Carroll 2. 
Hog 2. 


3 


38 19 43.80 


76 24 15. 42 


s 

s 
s 


54 19 W 
21 54 w 
10 18 E 


N 54 19 E 

N 21 54 E 
N 10 18 W 


1984 
3179 

2327 


Drum Point Light. 
Carroll 2. 
Hog 2. 


4 


38 19 36.56 


76 24 08. 78 


s 
s 
s 


63 01 W 
26 44 w 
6 41 E 


N 63 00 E 
N 26 43 E 
N 6 40 W 


2006 
3036 
2060 


Drum Point Light. 
Carroll 2. 
Hog 2. 



CHINESE MUDS (CALVERT COUNTY). 
(Entrance Patuxent River — Chart No. 20.) 








, 


, 


, 


, 


Yards. 






I 


38 


19 17. 14 


76 23 47.02 


S 83 51 w 
S 13 40 w 
S 45 -^4 E 


N 83 50 E 
N 13 40 E 

N 45 -^3 W 


2380 
1432 
3820 


Drum Point Light. 

Hog 2. 

Cedar Point Light. 






38 


19 47.84 


76 23 39. 57 


S 63 17 W 
S 12 28 W 
S 34 15 E 


N 63 16 E 
N 12 27 E 
N 34 >4 W 


2863 
-'485 
4479 


Drum Point Light. 

Hog 2. 

Cedar Point Light. 




3 


38 


20 39. 76 


76 23 17. 16 


N I 58 E 
S 46 06 W 
S 19 25 E 


S I 58 w 
N 46 04 E 
N 19 25 W 


2035 
4384 
579-' 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 

Cedar Point Light. 




4 


38 


21 01. 14 


76 22 41. 20 


N 33 59 W 
S 47 34 W 
S 8 55 E 


S 34 00 E 

N 47 32 E 
N 8 55 W 


1584 
5574 
6259 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 

Cedar Point Light. 




5 


38 


20 46. 06 


76 22 13.08 


N 41 SS W 
S s6 'i'^ W 
S ' 2 15 E 


S 41 56 E 
N 56 II E 

N 2 15 W 


2449 
5849 
5679 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 

Cedar Point Light. 




6 


38 


19 37-58 
Then 


76 21 34.27 
2e along county 


N 32 48 W 
S 80 55 W 
S 13 30 \V 
boundary as de 


S 22 49 E 
N 80 S2 E 
N 13 30 E 
ineated on Char 


4915 

5968 

3461 

t No. 20 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 
Cedar Point Light, 
to corner No. i. 





84 



Survey of Oyster Bars. Calvert County, Md. 



PARKER MOORE. 

(Entrance Pa/uxent River — Cliarl Xo. 30.) 



Cor- 










True bearing 






ner 


Latitude 


I 


ongitude 








Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangula- 


of 










bar 










Forward 


Back 








, n 





, 




/■ 




YarJ,. 




I 


38 19 47-84 


76 


-'3 .19-5 7 


sS 
sS 

s 


63 17 W 

12 28 \v 
M '5 E 


X 63 16 E 
X 12 27 E 
X 34 14 W 


2863 
3485 
4479 


Drum Point Lij^lit. 

Hog 2. 

Cedar Point Liglu. 


2 


38 20 51.48 


/'■• 


^3 5"- ^3 


s 
s 
s 


33 34 W 
3 10 W 

-'5 35 E 


X 33 33 E 

N 3 10 E 
N 25 34 W 


41^4 
4579 
6494 


Drum Point Light. 

Hog 2. 

Cedar Point Light. 


3 


38 20 59. 42 


76 


23 38. 88 


X 

s 
s 


-\S >4 E 

34 53 W 

6 32 W 


S 25 14 w 

X 34 S3 E 
X 6 32 E 


1516 

4515 
4872 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 

Hog 2. 


4 


38 20 39. 76 


76 


23 17. 16 


N 

vS 

s 


I S8 E 
46 06 W 
19 25 E 


S I 58 \V 
N 46 04 E 
N 19 2s W 


^035 
4384 
5792 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 

Cedar Point Light. 



i;XDER THE CLIFFS. 
(Entrance Patuxent River — Chart Xo. 20.) 








„ 






/ 




, 


Yards. 




I 


38 


20 I 1 . 66 


76 24 25.40 


S 

.s 
s 


3^ 44 W 
'3 19 \V 
1 1 53 E 


X 
X 

X 


3^ 44 E 
13 19 E 
II 55 W 


2489 
399''' 
3300 


Drum Point Light. 
Carroll 2. 
Hog 2. 


2 


38 


20 13-98 


76 24 29.06 


s 
s 
s 


-^9 54 \y 

II 44 W 
13 15 E 


X 
X 
N 


-^9 54 E 
II 44 E 

13 15 w 


2505 
4061 
3399 


Drum Point Light. 
Carroll 2. 
Hog 2. 


3 


38 


20 53-4fi 


7'"' ^3 53-58 


X 

s 
s 


32 02 W 

2 01 W 

26 02 E 


s 

X 

N 


32 02 E 

2 01 E 

26 01 w 


4133 
4642 
6593 


Drum Point Light. 

Hog 2. 

Cedar Point Light. 


4 


38 


20 51.48 


76 23 50. 23 


s 
s 
s 


33 34 W 
3 10 W 
-\5 35 E 


X 

N 
N 


33 33 E 
3 10 E 

25 34 ^^" 


4124 

4579 
6494 


Drum Point Light. 

Hog 2. 

Cedar Point Light. 



Survey of (Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Aid. 

LITTLE COVE POINT. 
(Enlrancr Patuxcnl Rivry — Cliart .Vo. 20.) 



85 



I 



Cor- 


Latitude 


I-ungitude 




True b 


earing 

Back 


Distance 


U. S. C. & G. S. triangrula- 


bar 




Forward 


tion station 







/ 


/ // 


/ 


, 


Yards. 






38 


20 39. 76 


yr, 2,1, 17. 16 


N 
S 
S 


I 58 E 
46 06 W 
19 25 E 


S I 58 w 
N 46 04 E 
N 19 25 W 


^035 
4384 
579^ 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 

Cedar Point Light. 




38 


20 59. 42 


76 23 38. 88 


N 
S 
S 


25 14 E 

34 53 W 

6 32 W 


S 25 .4 w 
N 34 53 E 
N 6 32 E 


1516 

4515 
4872 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 

Hog 2. 


3 


38 


2 1 20.38 


76 2^ I(>.9.S 


N 

S 
S 


5 34 E 
35 39 \V 

■I 35 W 


S 5 34 W 

N 35 38 E 
N II 34 E 


667 

5428 
5663 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 

Hog 2. 


4 


38 


21 01.14 


76 2 2 4:. 20 


N 
S 

s 


33 59 \V 

47 34 W 

8 55 E 


vS 34 00 E 
N 47 32 E 
N 8 55 W 


1584 
5574 
6259 


Pat. 

Drum Point Light. 

Cedar Point Light. 



COVE POINT BIGHT. 
(Entrance Patuxenl River — Cliart No. 30.) 





/ 


„ 









/ 




, 


Yards. 






I 


38 21 


26. 96 


-6 2 


2 07. 02 


N 


20 11 w 


s 


20 12 E 


37 '5 


Cove Point Light. 














N 


76 09 \v 


s 


76 10 E 


1846 


Pat. 














S 


30 E 


N 


30 W 


7055 


Cedar Point Light. 






38 :i2 


20.98 


-6 2 


3 "3. ' 9 


x 


7 03 E 


s 


7 03 W 


1682 


Cove Point Light. 














.\ 


62 59 W 


s 


62 59 E 


934 


White House (N. 
chimnev). 


E. 












s 


.2 26 W 


N 


12 26 E 


141 2 


Pat. 




3 


^S 2_ 


30. 2 1 


76 2 


2 47.<.(, 


X 


8 32 W 


s 


8 3-' E 


1369 


Cove Point Light. 














.\ 


84 48 w 


vS 


84 49 E 


1247 


White House (N. 
chimnev). 


E. 












s 


-2 53 \V 


N 


22 53 E 


1835 


Pat. 




4 


38 21 


34- 4" 


76 2 


I 56. 12 


N 


25 54 W 


S 


25 54 E 


3598 


Cove Point Light. 














N 


84 44 W 


S 


84 45 E 


2091 


Pat. 














S 


1 47 w 


N 


I 47 E 


7309 


Cedar Point Light. 





APPENDIXES 



Appendix A.— LAWS RELATING TO THE COOPERATION OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC 
SURVEY AND BUREAU OF FISHERIES WITH THE MARYLAND SHELL FISH COM- 
MISSION. 

The work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries, in cooperation with 
the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, in surveying the oyster bars, establishing permanent landmarks 
at triangulation stations, and preparing for publication the necessary charts and technical and legal 
descriptions of boundaries and landmarks shown on these charts, has been executed in compliance with 
a request from the governor of the State of Maryland to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, and by 
the authority of the following laws of the United States and Maryland: 

[Act of Congress approved May 26, 1906.] 

AN ACT To authorize the Secretary of Commerce and Labor to cooperate, through the Bureau of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey and the Bureau of Fisheries, with the shellfish commissioners of the State of Maryland in making surveys 
of the natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland. 

Be it enacted by tlie Senate and House oj Representatives of the United States oj America in Congress 
assembled. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed, 
upon the request of the governor of the State of Maryland, to designate such officers, experts, and 
employees of the Bureau of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries as may be 
necessary to cooperate with the Maryland State board of shellfish commissioners in making a survey 
of and locating the natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland; 
and the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is hereby authorized and directed to furnish to the officers, 
experts, and employees of said Bureaus so detailed as aforesaid such instruments, appliances, and 
steam launches as may be necessary to make the survey aforesaid ; and the Secretary of Commerce 
and Labor is hereby authorized to have made in the Bureau of the Coast and Geodetic Survey all the 
plats necessary to show the results of the aforesaid survey and the locations of the said natural oyster 
beds, bars, and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland, and to furnish to the board of shell- 
fish commissioners of the State of Maryland such copies as may be necessary, and for this purpose to 
employ, in the District of Columbia and elsewhere, such technically qualified persons as may be neces- 
sary to carry out the purpose of this act. 

Sec. 2. That the Secretary of Commerce and Labor is hereliy furtlier authorized to have erected 
or constructed by the officers so detailed as aforesaid, while making such survey, such structures as 
may be necessary to mark the points of triangulation, so that the same may be used for such future 
work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey as the said Bureau may be hereafter required to perform in 
prosecuting the Government coast survey of the navigalile waters of the United States located within 
the State of Maryland. 

Sec. 4. That this act shall take efi'ect from tlie date of its passage. 



[.\ct of Congress approved June 30. 1906.] 

AN ACT Making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, 
nineteen hundred and seven, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by tlie Senate and House oj Representatives oj the United States of America in Congress 
assembled, That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and .seven, namely : * * * 



88 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Aid. 

Coast and Geodetic Survey; * * * For any special surveys * * * including the 
expenditures authorized under Public Act Numbered One hundred and eighty-one, approved May 
twenty-sixth, nineteen hundred and six, and contingent expenses incident thereto, five thousand dollars, 
together with the unexpended balance under this appropriation for nineteen hundred and six and 
prior years which is hereby reappropriated and made available on this account for the fiscal year 
nineteen hundred and seven. * * * . 



[Act of Congress approved March 4, 1907.] 

AN ACT Making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, 
nineteen hundred and eight, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House oj Representatives of tlie United States oj America m Congress 
assembled. That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eight, namely: * * * 

Coast and Geodetic Survey: * * * Por ^ny special surveys * * * including expenses 
of surveys in aid of the shellfish commission of the State of Maryland, to be immediately available 
and to continue available until expended, twenty-five thousand dollars. * * * 



[Act of Congress approved May 27, 1908.] 

AN ACT Making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, 
nineteen hundred and nine, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House oj Representatives of the United States oj America in Congress 
assembled. That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and nine, namely: * * * 

Coast and Geodetic Survey: * * * For any special surveys * * * including expenses 
of surveys in aid of the shellfish commission of the State of Maryland, which expenses, including cost 
of plats and charts, shall not exceed fifteen thousand dollars in any one year, to be immediately avail- 
able, twentv thousand dollars. 



[Act of Congress approved March 4, 1909.] 

AN ACT Making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth. 
nineteen hundred and ten, and for other purposes. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress 
assembled. That the following sums be, and the same are hereby, appropriated, for the objects herein- 
after expressed, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, nineteen hundred and ten, namely: * * * 

Coast and Geodetic Survey: * * * For any special surveys * * * including expenses 
of surveys in aid of the shellfish commission of the State of Maryland, which expenses, including cost 
of plats and charts, shall not exceed fifteen thousand dollars in any one year, to be immediately avail- 
able, twentv thousand dollars. 



[Act of the legislature of Maryland approved April 2. 1906.] 

.\N ACT To establish and promote the industry of oyster culture in Maryland, to define and mark natural oyster beds, 
bars and rocks lying under the waters of this State, to prescribe penalties for the infringement of the provisions of 
this Act, and * * * 

Section i. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland, That the following sections be, and 
they are hereby, added to Article 72 of the Code of Public General I^aws, title "Oysters." * * * 

Sec. 86. The Board of Shell Fish Commissioners shall, as soon as practicable after the passage of 
this Act, cause to be made a true and accurate survey of the natural oyster beds, bars and rocks of 
this State, said survey to be made with reference to fixed and permanent objects on the shore, giving 
courses and distances, to be fully described and set out in a written report of said survey, as hereinafter 
required. A true and accurate delineation of the same shall be made on copies of published maps and 



i 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 89 

charts of the United States coast and geodetic survey, which said copies shall be filed in the office of 
the said commissioners in the city of Annapohs, and the said commissioners shall further cause to be 
delineated upon copies of the published maps and charts of the United States coast and geodetic 
survey, of the largest scale, one copy for each of the counties of this State in the waters of which there 
are natural oyster beds, bars and rocks, all natural beds, bars and rocks lying within the waters of 
such county, which maps shall be filed in the offices of the clerks of the Circuit Court for the respective 
counties wherein the grounds so designated may lie. * * * 

Sec. 87. The Governor of this State is hereby requested to ask the assistance of the United States 
coast and geodetic survey, and of the United States Fish Commissioner, to aid in the carrying out of 
the provisions of the preceding section. 

Sec. 89. As soon as practicable after the first day of April, 1906, the said commissioners shall 
organize, and shall at once proceed, with the assistance of such person or persons as may be detailed by 
tlie United States coast and geodetic survey, and the United States Fish Commissioner, to aid them 
in their work, and of such persons as may be appointed under the preceding section, to have laid out, 
surveyed and designated on the said charts, the natural beds and bars, and shall cause to be marked 
and defined as accurately as practicable, the limits and boundaries of the natural beds, bars and rocks, 
as established by said survey, and they shall take true and accurate notes of said survev in writing, 
and make an accurate report of said survey, setting forth such a description of landmarks as may be 
necessary to enable the said board, or their successors, to find and ascertain the boundary lines of the 
said natural oyster beds, bars and rocks, as shown by a delineation on the maps and charts provided 
in this Act; said report shall be completed and filed in the office of the board in the city of Annapolis 
within ninety days after the completion of the survey of any county. Said commissioners shall cause 
the same to be published in pamphlet form, and transmit copies of the same to the clerks of the Circuit 
Court for the respective counties, where the charts have been filed or directed to be filed as hereinafter 
provided; the said report to be filed by the clerks of the several counties in a book kept for that purpose. 
And the said survey and report, when filed, subject to the right of appeal hereafter provided for in this 
Act, shall be taken in all of the courts of this State as conclusive evidence of the boundaries and limits 
of all natural oyster beds, bars and rocks, lying within the waters of the county wherein such survey 
and report are filed, and shall be construed to mean in all of the said courts that there are no natural 
oyster beds, bars or rocks lying within the waters of the counties wherein such report and survey are 
filed other than those embraced in the survey authorized by this Act, and that all areas of the Chesa- 
peake Bay and its tributaries within the State of Maryland, not shown in the survey to be natural 
oyster beds, bars or rocks shall be construed in all the courts of the State to be barren bottoms, and 
open for disposal by the State for the purpose of private planting or propagation of oysters thereon 
under the provisions of this Act; provided, that the said survey and report shall not be construed as 
to affect in any manner the holdings by citizens of this State in any lot which may have been appro- 
priated or taken up under the laws of this State prior to the approval of this Act 



The law of the State of Maryland, passed March 9, 1842, authorizing officers of the United States 
Coast and Geodetic Survey to enter upon the lands within the State limits for the purposes of the 
Survey, is as follows: 

AN ACT Concerning the Survey of the Coast of Maryland. 

Section i. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Maryland, That it shall and may be lawful for 
any person or persons employed under and by virtue of an act of the Congress of the United States, 
* * * at any time hereafter to enter upon lands within this State for the purpose of exploring, sur- 
veying, triangulating, or levelling, or doing any other matter or thing which may be necessary to effect 
the objects of said act, and to erect any works, stations, buildings, or appendages requisite for that 
purpose, doing no unnecessary injury to private or other property. 

Sec. 2A And be it enacted, That in case the person or persons employed under the act of Congress 
aforesaid, can not agree with the owners or possessors of the land so entered upon and used as to the 

<2 Under the rulings of the Comptroller of the Treasury no damages can be collected except through the United 
States Court of Claims unless an agreement has been made in advance. 



90 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

amount of damage done thereto by reason of the removal of fences, cutting of trees or injury to the 
crop or crops growing on the same, it shall and may be lawful for the said parties or either of them to 
apply to the chief justice for the time being or one of the associate judges of the judicial district in 
which such land may be situated, who shall thereupon appoint three disinterested and judicious free- 
holders, residents of the same judicial district, to proceed with as much despatch as possible to the 
examination of the matter in question, and the faithful assessment of the damages sustained by the 
owners or possessors aforesaid, and the said freeholders or a majority of them, having first taken and 
subscribed an oath or affirmation before the chief or associate justice aforesaid or other person duly 
authorized to administer the same, that they wi'.l well and truly examine and assess as aforesaid, and 
having given five days' notice to both parties of the time of their meeting, shall proceed to the spot, 
and then and there upon their own view and if required, upon the evidence of witnesses, (to be by them 
sworn or affirmed and examined) shall assess the said damages, and shall afterward make report thereof 
and of their proceedings in writing under their hands and seals and file the same within five days there- 
after in the ofiice of the clerk of the county in which the land aforesaid is situated, subject to an appeal 
by either party to the county court of the said county within ten days after filing as aforesaid, and the 
said report so made as aforesaid if no appeal as aforesaid be taken, shall be held to be final and con- 
clusive as between the said parties, and the amount so assessed and reported shall be paid to the said 
owners or possessors of the land so damaged within twenty days after the filing of said report, and 
the said chief or associate justice as aforesaid, shall have authority to tax and allow upon the filing 
of said report, such costs, fees and expenses to the said freeholders for the performance of their duty 
as he shall think equitable and just, which allowance shall be paid by the person or persons employed 
under the act of congress aforesaid, within the time last above limited, but if an appeal as aforesaid 
be taken, the case shall be set down for hearing at the first term of county court aforesaid, ensuing 
upon and after appeal, and it shall be lawful for either party immediately after the entry of such appeal, 
to take out summons for such witnesses as may be necessary to be examined upon the hearing afore- 
said, and the said court shall have power in its discretion to award costs against which ever the final 
judgment shall be entered, and such appeal at the option of either party may and shall be heard before 
and the damage assessed by a jury of twelve men to be taken from the regular panel and elected as in' 
other cases. 

Sec. 3. And be it enacted, That if any person or persons shall wilfully injure or deface or remove 
any signal, monument or building or any appendage thereto, erected, used or constructed under and 
by virtue of the act of congress aforesaid, such person or persons so offending shall severally forfeit 
and pay the sum of fifty dollars with costs of suit to be sued for and recovered by any person who shall 
first prosecute the same before any justice of the peace of the county where the person so offending 
may reside, and shall also be liable to pay the amount of damages thereby sustained, to be recovered 
with costs of suit in an action on the case, in the name and for the use of the United States of America, 
in any court of competent jurisdiction. 



Appendix B.— THE HAMAN OYSTER CULTURE LAW. 

[Extract from Second Report of Shell Fish Commission.] 
OBJECT. 

"The legislature in placing chapter 711 of the acts of 1906, better known as the Haman Oyster 
Culture Law, upon the statute books of Maryland had a twofold object in view: 

1. To encoiimqe an industry in oyster culture upon the barren bottoms beneath the tidewaters of 
the State. 

2. To prevent the leasing of natural oyster bars for the purpose of oyster culture." 



"To make the leasing of barren bottoms possible and the leasing of natural bars impossible, pro- 
vision was made for a survey of the natural bars for the purpose of accurately locating and marking 
the same. It was definitely provided that no barren bottoms should be leased in any part of the State 
until the natural bars of that region had been surveyed, charted, and marked with buoys." 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 91 

Definition of a Naturai, Oyster Bar. 

natural bar not defined. 

"The Shell Fish Commission is instructed by section go of the Haman Oyster Culture Law to exer- 
cise its judgment liberally in favor of the natural bars when surveying, charting and buoying them, but 
other than this the Commission is uninstructed in this important matter. The responsibility of defining 
a natural bar is placed upon the Commission." 

DIVERSITY OF OPINION. 

" No definition of a natural oyster bar could be formulated by any man or body of men which would 
meet with the approval of all parties concerned. Oystermen, as a rule, hold that all bottoms where 
oysters grow or have grown naturally even though now practically barren of oysters should be considered 
natural bars. Other citizens of the State who are not directly interested in the oyster business, but 
interested in the oyster industry from the standpoint of revenue, hold, as a rule, that no bottoms 
should be excluded from leasing for oyster culture which, by methods known to oyster culturists, may be 
made to yield a greater number of oysters than they now produce." 

"It should be evident to everyone that neither of these definitions could be adopted by the Com- 
mission as a working basis for determining which of the grounds surveyed are natural oyster bars." 

THE GOLDSBOROUGH DEFINITION. 

The definition of a natural oyster bar which very nearly approaches a reasonable and satisfactory 
compromise between the views of the subject held by oystermen on one hand and by oyster culturists on 
the other is that contained in an opinion rendered by Judge Charles F. Goldsborough in the circuit court 
for Dorchester County in the July term, 1 881, in the case of William T. Windsor and George R. Todd v. 
Job T. Moore. 

This definition has been adopted by the Shell Fish Commission as the basis for the determination of 
the status of the various oyster bottoms surveyed and is as follows: 

What then is a natural bar or bed of oysters? It would be a palpable absurdity for the State to 
attempt to promote the propagation and growth of oysters and to encourage its citizens, by a grant of 
land, to engage in their culture, if the lands authorized to be taken up were only those upon which oys- 
ters do not and can not be made to grow. That there may be lands covered by water in the State where 
no oysters can be found, but where, if planted, they could be cultivated successfully, may be possible, 
but, if so, I imagine that their extent must be too limited for them to be of much practical, general 
advantage for the purposes of such a law as the one under discussion; but there are thousands of acres of 
hard and shifting sands where oysters not only are not found, but where it would be folly to plant them; 
and these latter it can not be supposed that the State intended to olTer to give away, for the simple 
reason that the State could not help knowing that nobody would have them. 

Upon the other hand there are large and numerous tracts where oysters of natural growth may be 
found in moderate numbers, but not in quantities sufficient to make it profitable to catch them, and vet 
where oysters may be successfully planted and propagated. In my opinion these can not be called nat- 
ural bars or beds of oysters, within the meaning of the Act of Assembly, and it is just such lands as these 
that the State meant to allow to be taken up under the provisions of the above-mentioned section of 
the Act. 

But there is still another class of lands where oysters grow naturally and in large quantities and 
to which the public are now and have been for many years in the habit of resorting with a view to earn- 
ing a livelihood Ijy catching this natural growth, and here, I think, is the true test of the whole question. 
Land can not be said to be a natural oyster bar or bed merely because oysters are scattered here and 
tliere upon it, and because if planted they will readily li\e and thrive there; but whenever the natural 
growth is so thick and abundant that the public resort to it for a livelihood, it is a natural oyster bar or 
bed and comes within the above-quoted restriction in the law, and can not be located or appropriated 
by any individual. 

APPLICATION OF DEFINITION. 

Before this definition may be of use in determining, accurately and scientifically, the status of an 
oyster ground, its central idea, "livelihood," must be expanded into accurately determinable factors, 
and these factors must be combined into a practical scheme of investigating the condition of the ground 
under consideration. 

Stated briefly, a livelihood is represented by a sum of money obtained from the sale, at a fixed price, 
of a certain quantity of oysters gathered in a given time from an allotted area of ground. 



92 Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 

Knowing the value of each of these factors it becomes possible to calculate the number of oysters an 
oyster ground must produce per square yard in order that oystermen may secure a livelihood by working 
upon it. 

Note. — The factors into which the Commission resolved the livelihood problem, the value assigned 
to each factor, and the scheme devised for practical use in examining and applying the definition to oys- 
ter bottoms are given in outline in their Second Report under the heading of the preceding extract, and 
in detail in their First Report on pages 32 to 69. 



Appendix C— SUMMARY OF THE PARTICULAR SURVEYING OPERATIONS WHICH CON- 
STITUTE AN "OYSTER SURVEY" AS NOW BEING CARRIED ON IN MARYLAND. 

Explanation. — A brief account of the particular surveying operations which constitute an " oyster 
survey" as now being carried on in Maryland will assist in the interpretation of records contained in the 
technical part of this report, and will be of interest to many who may not understand the necessity for 
the great amount of work being done or its complicated character. 

To those familiar with methods used in surveying and charting the characteristic features of large 
bodies of water there is an evident necessity for the various operations performed, especially when it 
is known that the boundaries of the public oyster bars and of the private lots leased for purposes of 
oyster culture must be surveyed and charted with the greatest practical accuracy. To others it will 
be sufficient to state that the actual experience gained from oyster surveys in other States has proven 
that in order to avoid endless dissatisfaction and litigation it is necessary to accurately locate and per- 
manently establish oyster boundaries as is now being done in Maryland. 

Triangulalion survey. — Such refinement of survey work as that demanded by the conditions of an 
oyster survey when carried on at considerable distances offshore can only be obtained by the use of 
a system of triangulalion as a frame work or foundation. Therefore, a triangulation survey including 
the permanent marking of the positions of landmarks with monuments and a record of the descriptions 
of their locations for future recovery is a necessary operation of a complete oyster survey. 

Topographic survey. — The technical records which establish the relation between the offshore 
oyster boundaries and triangulation landmarks are sufficient for the requirements of engineers in making 
resurveys, but do not supply the needs of others who are interested in the same boundaries by reason 
of their occupation as oystermen concerned as to the public oyster bars, or oyster culturists concerned 
as to the leasable bottoms. For these it is necessary to have the charts of the survey show the relation 
of the shore line and other topographic features to the boundaries of the public oyster bars and private 
oyster farms. Therefore, a topographic survey is a necessary operation of a complete oyster survey. 

Hydrographic survey. — In the settlement of the important question of what is, or what is not, a 
natural oyster bar, and in the consideration of bottoms to be selected for purposes of oyster culture, 
information as to the depth of water and the character of the bottom is required. Therefore, a hydro- 
graphic survey is a necessary operation of a complete oyster survey. 

Necessary foundation jor an oyster survey. — Consequently, the necessary components of a satis- 
factory foundation for a complete oyster survey are the three classes of survey operations technically 
named triangulation, topography, and hydrography, or, stated in another way, the foundation of a 
practical oyster survey includes the surveying operations usually followed by the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey leading up to the preparation and publication of nautical charts. « 

Special surveys and investigations pertaining to oysters. — Having obtained this cartographic survey 
for a foundation, partly by new work and partly from records of previous work of the Government, 
the combined operations" making up an "oyster survey" are completed by superimposing on this 
foundation special surveys and investigations pertaining particularly to oysters or other shell fish. 

The special surveys pertaining to oysters furnish information as to the location and outUne of 
oyster-shell bottoms, and are carried on by the sounding boat party in addition to the usual hydro- 
graphic work. 6 This operation consists of the observation and record of the character of vibration 
of a wire and chain apparatus which is dragged over the bottom, the vibrations or lack of vibrations 
indicating the presence and quantity of shells or absence of shells. 



a See Appendix D of this publication for "Statistics of results of combined operations of tiie Government and State." 
& See pages 104 to J 23 of "First Annual Report of Maryland Shell Fish Commission." 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 93 

The special uysler investigations « consist of the actual determination of the kind and quantity of 
oysters on the bottom, and such economic and biological studies of the supply of oyster food, density 
of water, character of the bottom, and other important matters as affect the growth of oysters. In 
this work the oyster investigation stations are located and buoyed by the hydrographic party while 
engaged in the survey of the oyster-shell limits. They are selected with the view of obtaining char- 
acteristic data which can be used for the interpretation of the recorded vibrations of the chain apparatus 
at all other points covered by the survey. 

Preparation oj results. — The actual surveying operations and oyster investigations having been 
completed for any one county, there still remains technical work of nearly equal magnitude to that 
described.'" This work consists of the preparation of charts and technical descriptions of boundaries 
and landmarks for publication by the Government, the preparation of that part of the annual report 
of the Commission covering the special oyster surveys and investigations, the making of the leasing 
Aarts and finished projections, and finally the filing of the oyster charts and records with the courts 
and the Commission, thus opening a county for oyster culture. 

Suinmary. — From the foregoing account it can be seen that a complete oyster survey properly 
conducted so as to answer all practical requirements of the present and permanency of results for the 
future is a very complicated affair, involving many lines of surveying and other scientific work, and 
reciuiring the professional services of experts in the various operations of cartographic surveying and 
shell-fish investigations. 

a See pages 30 to 67 and i 29 to 199 of " First .\nnual Report of Maryland Shell Fish Commission." 
b No mention is made here of the large amount of administrative work of the Commission, which is greatly complicated 
and increased by the effect of the oyster-survey operations on many thousands of people whose interests are more or less 
involved ; or of the large amount of survey work involved in the survey and record of the boundaries of oyster lots leased 
from the State by private individuals for the purposes of oyster culture. 



94 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Calvert County, Md. 



Appendix D.— STATISTICS OF RESULTS OF THE COMBINED OYSTER SURVEY 
OPERATIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT AND STATE." 



Anne 
Arundel 
County. 



Beginning of fi^ld work 

Filing of certified charts and reports. . 
Natural oyster bars surveyed and delin- 

Acres of natural oyster bars 

Crab bottoms surveyed and delineated. 

Acres of crab bottoms 

Clam beds surveyed and delineated 

Acres of clam beds 

Boundary buoys located and planted- _ 

Triangulation landmarks established 

Miles of shore line covered by triangu- 
lation 

Square miles of water covered by tri- 
angulation 

Miles of examination of shell bottom 

with chain apparatus 

Oyster investigation stations occupied. 

Tide stations established 

Number of soundings over shell bottoms. 
Square miles covered by soundings and 

chain apparatus 

Projections prepared and plotted 

Leasing charts prepared 

Oyster charts published 

Reports published 

Progress ma ps published 



29.1906 
20.1907 



Aug. 27.1907 



296 
679 



1907 
1909 



826 
334 



a These statistics do not include the large amount of triangulation, topography, and hydrography resulting from 
previous work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, which was utilized in the preparation of the published oyster charts 
and records. Work in St. Marys and Charles counties has been Bnished, but final statistics of results will not be published 
until these counties are opened for oyster culture. 

b Less quantities covered by statistics of more than one county. 

cTotal area of natural oyster bars of Connecticut is 5,770 acres. 

o 



I 



DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE AND LABOR 
COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 

O. H. TITTMANN, Superintendent 



SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS 



f 



CHARLES COUNTY 
MARYLAND 

DESCRIPTION OF BOUNDARIES AND LANDMARKS AND 

REPORT OF WORK OF UNITED STATES COAST 

AND GEODETIC SURVEY IN COOPERATION 

WITH UNITED STATES BUREAU OF 

FISHERIES AND MARYLAND 

SHELL FISH COMMISSION 



By C. C. YATES 

CHIEF OF COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY PARTY 
ASSISTANT, COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY 




WASHINGTON 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
1911 



LETTER OF SUBMITTAL. 



♦ 



Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Coast and Geodetic Survey, 

Washington, January 27, 1911. 
Sir: I have the honor to transmit herewith a report of the officer detailed from 
the Coast and Geodetic Survey to cooperate with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Mary- 
land vShell Fish Commission in surveying the oyster bars of the State of Maryland, 
together with certain technical results which are necessary for the interpretation and 
use of the plats of the survey made by the Government. 

This work has been done under the provisions of the act of Congress entitled "An 
act to authorize the Secretary of Commerce and Ivabor to cooperate, through the Bureau 
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and the Bureau of Fisheries, with the shell fish com- 
missioners of the State of Maryland in making surveys of the natural oyster beds, bars, 
and rocks in the waters within the State of Maryland," approved May 26, 1906, and of 
the acts of Congress making appropriations for sundry civil expenses of the Government 
for the fiscal years ending June 30, 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1910. 
Respectfully, 

O. H. Tittmann, Superintendent. 
To Hon. Charles Nagel, 

Secretary of Comtnerce and Labor. 

3 



CERTIFICATION, 



♦ 



Baltimore, Md., January 25, iqii. 
The following publication is certified to contain correct technical descriptions of 
all boundaries and landmarks established in Charles County by the Maryland Shell 
Fish Commission in cooperation with the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

C. C. Yates, 
Chief of Coast and Geodetic Survey Party, 

Assistant, Coast and Geodetic Survey. 



Baltimore, Md., January 25, igii. 
Examined and certified to be correct. 

' Walter J. Mitchell, 

Caswell Grave, 
Benjamin K. Green, 
Maryland Shell Fish Commission. 
SwEPSON Earle, 

Hydrographic Engineer. 

Note. — Certified copies of this publication and of the charts of the natural oyster 
bars of Charles County were filed in the office of the clerk of the circuit court of Charles 
County and in the office of the Board of Shell Fish Commissioners on January 27, 191 1. 

S 



CONTENTS, 



Page. 

Progress map .' follows 62 

Letter op submittal , 3 

Certification 5 

Introduction: 

Publications 9 

Cooperation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 10 

Cooperation of the Bureau of Fisheries 10 

General statement of work of Coast and Geodetic Survey 10 

Report of the work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey: 

Instructions 12 

Organization and equipment 13 

Chronological statement of work 13 

Statistics 14 

General remarks 14 

Charts and maps: 

Charts of natural oyster bars-. 16 

Leasing charts 17 

Projections , 18 

Progress maps 18 

Boundaries of the county waters: 

Waters within territorial limits of coimty 19 

Waters contiguous to cotmty 20 

Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations): 

Explanation 21 

Method of describing triangulation stations 24 

Descriptions of triangulation stations in county and adjacent waters — 
Chart No. 26 (Wicomico River) — 

Barber 24 

Upper : 24 

Key 24 

Stoddard 25 

Cohouck ,.. 25 

Hayden 26 

Perry 26 

Burr 26 

Fact 27 

Bowman 27 

Eedling 28 

Farr 28 

Gust 28 

Lyon 29 

Sacred Heart Church Spire (Bushwood) 29 

Hedney 29 

Charles 30 

Weiss 30 

Blakistone 30 

Hard 31 

Rock Point Catholic Church Cross 31 

Prcc , 31 

7 



8 



Contents. 



Landmarks (U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations) — Continued. 
Descriptions of triangulation stations in county and adjacent waters — Continued. 

Chart No. 26 (Wicomico River) — Continued. Page. 

Comer 32 

St. Margaret 2 , 32 

Cobb Point Bar Light 32 

River Springs Catholic Chapel Cross 33 

Sound 33 

Bailey 33 

St. Catherine 34 

Waterloo 34 

Subchart on Chart No. 26 (Patuxent River) " — 

Prince 35 

Leitch 35 

Fodder 35 

Buena 36 

Teague 36 

Catholic Church Cross (Benedict) 37 

City 37 

Hallowing 38 

Indian 38 

Dwarf 59 

Sothoron 39 

Buzz 40 

Boundaries op oyster bars: 

Explanation 41 

Method of describing boundaries ■ 42 

Surveying methods for relocation of boundaries 43 

Boundaries of natural oyster bars in county 6 46 

Chart No. 26 (Wicomico River) — 

Stoddard 46 

Wicomico Lumps 47 

Mills West 47 

Joes Lumps 48 

Windmill 48 

Fenwick 49 

Wicomico Middleground • 49 

Charleston Creek 50 

Lancaster 50 

Rock Point 51 

Shipping Point 52 

Cobb Point 52 

Subchart on Chart No. 26 (Patuxent River) « — 

Teague 53 

Elbow ..-..■. 53 

Carpenters Yard 54 

Appendixes: 

Appendix A. — Laws relating to the cooperation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and 

Bureau of Fisheries with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission 55 

Appendix B. — "The Haman Oyster Culture Law" (extract from Second Report of Shell 

Fish Commission) 59 

Appendix C. — Summary of the particular surveying operations which constitute an "oyster 

survey ' ' as now being carried on in Maryland 60 

Appendix D. — Statistics of results of the combined operations of the Government and State . . 62 

o See also subchart on Chart No. ig. 

6 See separate publications for bouudarics"of natural bars in adjacent counties. 



SURVEY OF OYSTER BARS, CHARLES COUNTY, MD. 



INTRODUCTION. 

PUBLICATIONS. 

The preparation of publications relating to the survey of the oyster bars of Mary- 
land has been divided between the Government and the State in accordance with the 
laws " authorizing the work and the natural division of the surveying operations '' of 
the cooperating forces. 

The publications prepared and issued by the Government under the direction of 
the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey consist of a series of charts and 
a technical report for each county surveyed.'' The charts show all legal boundaries of 
oyster bars within the adopted boundaries of the waters opened up for leasing with each 
county, and the location of all landmarks (Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation 
stations) used as a foundation for the delineation of these various boundaries. The 
technical report gives technical and legal descriptions of all oyster bar and other bound- 
aries, and descriptions of all landmarks shown on the charts, and includes the report 
of the representative of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in charge of the work of that 
service in cooperation with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Maryland Shell Fish Com- 
mission. These charts and technical reports are prepared and certified for file with the 
courts and the Commission, as required by the laws of the State, and contain all infor- 
mation necessary to make a permanent record of the work of the Commission and the 
Government for all future requirements of the courts, or for any resurveys that may 
become necessary.'' 

The publications prepared and issued by the State under the direction of the Shell 
Fish Commission consist of annual reports'^ of all the operations of the Commission 

<» See Appendix A for laws relating to the cooperation of the Coast and Geodetic Survey and Bureau 
of Fisheries with the Maryland Shell Fish Commission. 

* See Appendix C for a summary of the particular surveying operations which constitute an "oyster 
survey" as now being carried on in Mar\'land. 

<-' These charts and technical reports can be obtained by application to tlie Superintendent of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey at Washington, D. C. The publications now ready for issue are those for 
Anne Arundel, Somerset, Wicomico, Worcester, Calvert, and Charles counties. 

'i The technical records and charts for each county are published separately on account of the 
requirements of the oyster-culture laws of the State and the practical considerations which make it 
desirable to have each county "opened up" for oyster culture as soon as practicable after tlie comple- 
tion of its survey. For these reasons and the fact that these reports are each arranged for distribution 
and use in one county only without reference to other published records, much of the text of this publi- 
cation is of necessity identical with similar previous publications for other counties. 

« These reports can be obtained by application to the Shell Fish Commission, Marine Bank Building, 
Baltimore, Md. They are issued annually in October, and the first and second reports are now available 
for distribution. 

9 



lo Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 

performed under the provisions of the laws of Maryland," including results of biological 
and economic oyster investigations, methods and results of the hydrographic survey of 
the boundaries of oyster bars and crab bottoms, the administrative report and financial 
statement of the Commission, information relating to oyster culture, methods of sur- 
veying and leasing of oyster lots, and much other important matter of legal and scientific 
value. 

These two sets of publications are planned and arranged to supplement each other 
without unnecessary duplication, and when combined they form a complete report of 
operations, methods, and results of the work of both the Government and State. ^ 

COOPERATION OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY. 

The work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, as the name of the service indicates, 
includes a survey of the coasts of the United States made on a geodetic basis. This 
has involved the gradual construction of a great framework of interstate triangulation 
for use as a foundation for detail hydrographic and topographic surveys, from which 
there has been compiled and published a complete set of charts of the coasts of the 
United States, including all waters of Maryland where oysters grow. This existing 
triangulation, hydrography, and topography is essential as a foundation for a correct 
and practical survey of natural oyster bars; and it being one of the fundamental func- 
tions of the Coast and Geodetic Survey to furnish such data, the cooperation of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission is a practical and natural development of Government work leading to the 
conservation and increase of the supply of food. 

COOPERATION OP THE BUREAU OF FISHERIES. 

The Bureau of Fisheries has cooperated with the Coast and Geodetic Survey and 
the Maryland Shell Fish Commission principally as an adviser in matters relating to the 
biological and economic survey of oyster bars and the methods to be employed for that 
purpose. "^ A steam launch, rowing boat, and certain apparatus have also been furnished. 

The primary function of the Bureau of Fisheries is to increase the productiveness 
of marine and fresh waters by such measures as may be best suited to the purpose, and 
the services rendered in connection with the survey of the oyster bars of Maryland are 
strictly in line with the fundamental law under which it acts. In certain States other 
than Maryland similar work has been conducted by the Bureau acting independently, 
the same ends being attained at greater expense to the Government. 

GENERAL, STATEMENT OF WORK OF COAST AND GEODETIC SURVEY. "* 

The results obtained from the work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in coopera- 
tion with the Bureau of Fisheries and the Maryland Shell Fish Commission need very 



«■ See Appendix B for an extract from the " Second Report of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, " 
giving a concise summary of the " Haman Oyster Culture Law." 

''See Appendix D of this publication for "Statistics of results of combined operations of the 
Government and State." 

<: Hon. George M. Bowers, Commissioner of Fisheries, has detailed for this service Dr. H. F. Moore, 
Assistant, Bureau of Fisheries. 

<* For a detail statement of the very large amount of excellent oyster survey work of the Maryland 
vSliell Fish Conunission sec the "Annual Reports of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission." 



\ 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Clmrles County, Md. ii 

little other summary than is indicated by the published "Charts of Natural Oyster 
Bars" and the index of hydrographic projections and triangulation stations shown on 
the county progress maps attached to each report. 

The triangulation has been carried on in accordance with the standard methods 
of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, making this work and that of the "Descriptions of 
Triangulation Stations" of permanent value, not only to the State of Maryland in the 
survey of her oyster bars, but also to the Government for any future work it may do in 
the regions covered by the oyster-survey operations. 

The hydrographic projections and published charts are prepared with all the accu- 
racy permitted by their large scale, especially as to the boundaries of the various shell-fish 
bottoms in relation to landmarks, but this accuracy of location on the charts is further 
added to and permanently fixed by published technical descriptions which should 
minimize the probability of any future dispute as to either landmarks or boundaries. 

Stated another way, and quoting from the report of the "Survey of Oyster Bars 
of Anne Arundel County" : 

The geographic positions of the permanent landmarks and signals have been determined with the 
usual preeision of a trigonometric survey, and their locations at all points necessary to provide ample 
foundation for the surveying and charting operations permitted great accuracy of definition and loca- 
tion for the natural oyster bar and other boundaries established. At the same time, the very important 
element of permanency of the positions of boundaries has been secured, as the relocation of geodetic 
positions can always be accomplished bj- a competent surveyor, even though the original landmarks 
and monuments have been washed away, as has been the fate of hundreds of such points established 
by the Coast and Geodetic Survey on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay during the last 65 years. 



REPORT OF THE WORK OF THE COAST AND GEODETIC vSURVEY IN 
CHARLEvS COUNTY. 

INSTRUCTIONS. 

The following letters, together with the laws ° of the United States relating 
to the subject, constitute the "instructions" received by the chief of the Coast and 
Geodetic ,Survey party engaged on work in connection with the Maryland Shell Fish 
Commission. They are short and definite, but furnish ample authority and leeway for 
all legitimate development of the cooperation of the Government and the State in the 
survey of oyster bars. The "free hand" permitted by these orders, together with the 
aid and many valuable suggestions received from the officers of the survey at Wash- 
ington, liavc proved very beneficial to the work and are greatly appreciated. 

Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Office of the Secretary, 

Washington, June 2, igo6. 
Sir: In reply to your letter of May 28, requesting me to designate officers of the Coast and Geo- 
detic Survey and of the Bureau of Fisheries to cooperate with the State of Maryland in making survey 
of and locating the natural oyster beds, I have the honor to inform you that Mr. C. C. Yates will be 
designated to cooperate on the part of the Coast and Geodetic Survey as soon as Congress makes the 
provisions of the act effective by providing an appropriation for the purpose. 
Respectfully, 

Lawrence O. Murray, Assistant Secretary. 
His Excellency Hon. Edwin Warfield, 

Governor of Maryland, Annapolis, Aid. 



Department of Commerce and Labor, 

Coast and Geodetic Survey, 

Washington, July j, igo6. 
Sir: Upon the receipt of these instructions you will surrender the command, accounts, etc., of 
the steamer Endeavor to the Hydrographic Inspector. * * * 

As soon as this transfer is completed you will enter upon the duties of Coast Survey representative 
on the Shell Fish Commission of Maryland. 

You will consult the Commissioners, prepare a programme of work, and submit estimates in the 
usual form. 

You are authorized to come to Washington for consultation from time to time as may be necessary. 

Very respectfully, 

O. H. TiTTmann, Superintendent. 
Capt. C. C. Yates, 

U. S. C. and G. S. .Steamer Endeavor, Baltimore, Md. 



"■ For these laws see Appendix A. 



' J Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 13 

ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT. 

The personnel and occupation of the party of the Coast and Oeodetic Survey have 
remained practically unchanged since the beginning of the "oyster survey." Besides 
the chief of party, it consists of the necessary triangulators, computers, draftsmen, 
and temporary employees required to carry on both the surveying operations in the 
field and the preparation for publication of oyster charts and technical records in the 
office at Washington. 

The equipment for the work of the party has been ample and satisfactory. The 
large Hving and office quarters furnished the Government on the Maryland Sliell Fish 
Commission house boat Oyster have been very convenient for the work, besides facili- 
tating efficient cooperation with the surveying and oyster investigation parties of the 
State. In addition to the accommodations on the Oyster, the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey party has had the C(mstant use of the large steam launch Inspector and several 
other boats furnished by its own service, and the occasional use of the Bureau of Fish- 
eries launch Canvasback " and the steamer Governor McLanc ^ of the State fishery force. 

The greater part of the equipment of instruments for the operations of both the 
Government and State has been furnished by the Coast and Geodetic Survey and 
consists of all necessary theodohtes, levels, sextants, drafting instruments, hydrometers, 
etc., required for all field and office work. 

CRONOLOGICAL STATEMENT OF WORK. 

The field work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey in Charles County " dates from 
August 18, 1908, when the house boat Oyster was moved from St. Leonards Creek to an 
anchorage in Battle Creek which is located about 5 miles to the south of that small 
portion of Charles County bordering on the Patuxent River. The headquarters of the 
sur\'eying operations remained at this harbor until the completion of that part of the 
field work which naturally included all of the Patuxent River waters of Calvert and 
vSt. Marys counties as well as those of Charles County, although the results are published 
separately. 

On September 3, 1908, the house boat finally left the Patuxent River for a nev/ 
anchorage in one of the tributaries of Potomac River in St. Marys County, and the 
field work in Charles County was dropped from that date for a period of nearlv two 
months. 

On October 28, 1908, the house boat Oyster was towed by the Governor McLane 
to an anchorage in the lower part of Wicomico River off Rock Point in Charles County. 
From this anchorage as a headquarters the surveying operations for the Wicomico waters 
of both Charles and St. Marys counties were carried on until practically completed 
on November 25, 1909, when the house boat was towed to Bretons Bay off Leonardtown 
in St. Marys County. 

On December 2, 1909, it was found necessary to obtain additional triangulation 
information for the publication of the technical report for Calvert County, which inci- 



"■ By courtesy of Dr. H. F. Moore, United States Bureau of Fisheries. 

6 By courtesy of Capt. James A. Turner, commanding. 

c The field work of Charles, Calvert, and St. Marys counties was so intermixed in the Patuxent 
River that the chronological statement of work for any one of these counties necessarily includes a 
considerable part of the work of the other counties. 



14 Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles Cotinty, Md. 

dentally involved new work required for the report for Charles County, and field work was 
carried on for that purpose from that date to December 8, 1909. 

Again from July 20 to August u, 1910, while the house boat Oyv/er was anchored 
in the mouth of the Patuxent River for the purpose of carrying on the oyster survey 
operations in the bay shore waters of Dorchester County, a number of days when work 
could not be done in the open bay were employed in checking up deficiencies in the 
description of stations required for the forthcoming publications of both Charles and 
St. Marys coimties. 

The large amoimt of office work connected with the "oyster survey" of Charles 
County, including computations and drafting necessary for the preparation for publica- 
tion of the oyster charts and the technical records, was continued intermittingly with 
the office work of other counties from the beginning of the field work in Charles County 
to the time of filing of the certified 03'ster charts and technical reports in the archives of 
the Commission and with the clerk of the circuit court of Charles County on January 
27, 1911. 

STATISTICS. " 

Landmarks and triangulation signals erected 37 

Monuments planted to mark triangulation stations 37 

Triangulation stations occupied for observations of horizontal angles 35 

Old triangulation stations recovered 3 

New triangulation stations established 39 

Total old and new triangulation stations marked and described 42 

Linear miles of shore line covered by triangulation (approximate) 32 

Square miles covered by triangulation (approximate) 20 

Hydrographic projections prepared and completed as records of oyster boundaries 3 

Triangles computed 80 

Geographic positions computed 40 

Corners of oj'ster boundaries established by computation 78 

Back azimuths and distances computed from corners of boundaries to triangulation stations 234 

Descriptions of triangulation stations prepared for publication 42 

Descriptions of oyster boundaries prepared for publication 15 

"Charts of Natural Oyster Bars" prepared for publication i 

Progress map prepared for publication i 

GENERAL REMARKS. 

Before ending this report the representative of the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
wishes to renew his statement of appreciation of the courteous assistance received from 
various Government and State officials and others interested in fhe oyster industry of 
Maryland, especially to the following: 

To his colleague from the Department of Commerce and Labor, Dr. H. F. Moore, 
of the Bureau of Fisheries, whose well-known scientific knowledge of all matters relating 
to oysters has been of great value to the work. 

a These statistics only include field and office work directly performed by the party of the Coast 
and Geodetic Survey in connection with the oyster survey of Charles County, and do not include the 
many thousands of soundings and examinations of the character of the bottom made by the engineers 
of the Commission, which are of considerable value to the Coast and Geodetic Survey as hydrographic 
records for future use in connection with the preparation of new editions of charts of the waters of Mary- 
land. See Appendix D of this publication for " Statistics of results of combined operations of the Govern- 
ment and the State." 



» 



Survey oj Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 15 

To Mr. Walter J. Mitchell, cliairman of the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, who, 
by his administrative abiUty in carrymg out the complicated requirements of the oyster 
laws and by his unfailing tact, has made the cooperation of the various services engaged 
on the work both agreeable and effective. 

To Dr. Caswell Grave, secretary of the Commission, who, as editor of the Com- 
mission's annual report and Commissioner in charge of the biological and economic 
oyster investigations, has been brought into constant contact with the Government 
work and aided its operations in every way. 

To Mr. Benjamin K. Green, treasurer of the Commission, who has looked after the 
equipment and commissary of the house boat in such a way as to add greatly to the 
comfort and convenience of the party of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

To Mr. Swepson Earle, hydrographic engineer to the Commission, whose knowledge 
of the work from former service in the Coast and Geodetic Survey has greatly facilitated 
his practical use of the technical data furnished by the Government. 

To Mr. Thomas H. Robinson, counsel to the Commission, for courteously furnishing 
valuable information relating to county boundaries. 

And to the many others connected with the Commission or who as residents in the 
locality where the work was being carried on have greatly assisted by furnishing impor- 
tant information or willing services. 



CHARTS AND MAPS. 

CHARTS OF NATURAL OYSTER BARS. 

The charts " of the natural oyster bars of Charles County, published by the Coast 
and Geodetic Survey from results of surveys of the Government in cooperation with 
the Maryland Shell Fish Commission, are grouped on one sheet covering a portion of 
the waters of the upper Patuxent River and all of the waters of the Wicomico River, 
including all oyster-producing bottoms in Charles County. They are published on a 
scale of I part in 20,000 (approximately t,}^ inches to a statute mile) and are constructed 
on polyconic projections and based on the United States standard datum of the Coast 
and Geodetic Survey. 

These charts show all oyster bars and other boundaries established by the Com- 
mission, and are certified for the purpose of filing in the office of the clerk of the Circuit 
Court of Charles County and in the office of the Commission at Annapolis, as required 
by the oyster laws of Maryland. 

In addition to the oyster bar and other boundaries, the charts show the location 
and name of all landmarks (U. vS. Coast and Geodetic Survey triangulation stations) 
used in making the survey, together with the hydrography and topography * necessary 
to make the technical definitions and delineations of boundaries readily understandable 
both by the people engaged in the oyster industry and the general public who may 
become interested through leasing of barren bottoms for oyster culture. 

The names of the oyster bars are those used locally, as nearly as could be ascer- 
tained by the hydrographic engineer of the Commission. When there was no local 
name in common use, a name was selected from one of the prominent features of the 
vicinity. By the use of recognized names or those that would naturally suggest certain 
sections of water, it is believed that much confusion will be avoided in the location on 
the charts of the oyster bars, especially by those not familiar with the use of maps. 

The corners of the oyster bars are numbered from i to the total number of corners 
in each area under consideration. Where boundaries adjoin, making one point a corner 
of two or more oyster bars, these points have two or more numbers, each number corre- 
sponding to the bar in which the figure is located. The numbers of the corners corre- 
spond with the technical and legal descriptions of this publication under the heading 
" Boundaries of natural oyster bars." 

The landmarks and oyster bars have been grouped in the "Contents" of this publi- 
cation in accordance with the charts upon which they are shown. To find a particular 



"■ These charts can be obtained by application to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey, at Washington, D. C. 

t> Much of the detail of the inshore topography w;is obtained from the excellent map of Charles 
County, prepared and published by the Marj'land Geological Survey under the direction of Dr. William 
Bullock Clark from surveys of the Marj-land Geological Survey in cooperation with the U. S. Geological 
Survey. 

16 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 17 

oyster bar or landmark which is only known by name, consult the "Contents" and 
the desired chart and general location will be indicated. To find the name of a bar or 
landmark which is only known by location, consult the progress map at the end of this 
publication for the number of the chart on which it is to be found, and then examine 
the known locality on the chart for the name of the bar or landmark in question. 

The contours on the charts showing the depth of water at mean low tide have been 
taken from the hydrographic sheets of former work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 
Four curves were selected as being the most convenient for taking off from the original 
hydrographic sheets and the ones of greatest value to those interested in shell fish indus- 
tries. The I -fathom contour (6 feet) and the 5-fathom curve (30 feet) correspond 
in a general way to the inner and outer limits of all the oyster bars surveyed. The 
3-fathom contour (18 feet) furnishes the curve of about the average depth of water on 
the oyster bars and the lo-fathom contour (60 feet) serves in a general way to indicate 
the outer limits of probable oyster culture. 

The boundaries of the waters within the "territorial limits of the county" and the 
boundaries of the "waters contiguous to the county" opened up for the leasing with 
Charles County are plainly indicated on the charts. A full technical description of 
these boundaries is given in this publication under the heading "Boundaries of county 
waters." 

The areas in acres of the oyster bars were determined under the direction of the 
hydrographic engineer of the Commission by two independent planimeter measurements 
of the areas as delineated on the smooth projections of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. 
These areas are given in small figures in parentheses on the face of the chart within the 
boundaries of the different shell fish bottoms. 

The symbols used on the charts for the different kinds of boundaries, triangulation 
stations, contours of depth of water, etc., require no other explanation than that given 
in the legend and other notes on the face of the charts. 

LEASING CHARTS. 

The leasing charts of Charles County, like those for Anne Arundel, Somerset, 
Wicomico, Worcester, and Calvert counties, have been prepared under the direction of the 
hydrographic engineer of the Commission. These charts are constructed on polyconic 
projections and are based on the United States standard datum of the Coast and Geodetic 
Survey. They are made on the scales of i part in 5,000 or i part in 10,000, as the needs 
of oyster culture may require. Anne Arundel County required 1 3 leasing charts ; Somerset 
County, 12 charts; Wicomico County, 2 charts; Worcester County, 3 charts; Calvert 
County, 5 charts; and Charles County, 2 charts, to cover their oyster bottoms. 

These charts show all the oyster bars, crab bottoms, and clam beds and other 
boundaries established by the Commission, and also all boundaries of oyster lots leased 
for the purpose of oyster culture, thus making them comprehensive and valuable records 
of the results of the operations of the oyster-culture laws. 

The lots leased under the provision of the "old 5-acre law" are frequently of irreg- 
ular shape, but the lots leased under the provision of the new oyster laws must be of 
rectangular shape by the terms of that act. For this latter purpose the leasing charts 



i8 Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 

have been divided by parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude into small rectan- 
gles of I acre or 5 acres, as may be best suited to the area under consideration, and 
prospective leaseholders by the rules of the Commission are compelled to select whole 
rectangles as far as possible. 

For reasons of the present changeable nature of the number of lots leased and the 
large number of charts required, the leasing charts are not likely to be published for 
some years, but they can be seen at any time on file at the offices of the Commission, 
in the Marine Bank Building at Baltimore. 

PROJECTIONS. 

The polyconic projections " covering Charles (^ounty waters are 3 in number and 
on the scale of i part in 10,000. They were constructed by draftsmen of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey, but the sextant positions which determine the location of the legal 
boundaries of the oyster bars as delineated bv the Shell Fish Commission were plotted 
by the draftsman of the Commission. 

A copy of each of these projections, with all the plotted positions of triangulation 
stations, shore line, sextant positions, and boundaries of oyster bars, was made under 
the direction of the hydrographic engineer of the Commission by pricking through with 
a sharp needle the intersections of the projection lines and all other points as plotted 
on the original sheets. 

These projections (in duplicate) are the original records of all oyster bar and other 
boundaries established by the Commission, one set being filed in the archives of the 
Coast and Geodetic Survey, at Washington, and the other set in the archives of the Shell 
Fish Commission. 

PROGRESS MAPS. 

The progress map to be found at the end of this publication is on a scale of i part 
in 100,000, and shows in outline the work accomplished bv the United States Coast and 
Geodetic Survey in Charles County and contiguous waters. It gives the scheme of all the 
charts and smooth projections constructed in connection with the survey, the location 
and names of all triangulation stations used as a basis for the surveying work, and the 
"boundaries of county waters" established by the Commission for the purpose of carry- 
ing out the laws of Maryland relating to oyster culture. 

Besides indicating the amount of work done by the Coast and Geodetic Survey 
in connection with the work of the Shell Fish Commission, this progress map will be of 
special value for index purposes to engineers and others searching for the particular 
chart or projection covering the locality of the oyster bars or landmarks that may be 
under consideration. 

The progress maps '' accompanying the first and second annual reports of the Mary- 
land Shell Fish Commission were prepared under the direction of the hydrographic 
engineer of the Commission. They are on the scale of i part in 460,000, and show the 
outline of the tide-water counties of Maryland, with shaded areas to indicate the waters 
already covered by the operations of the oyster survey. 



" For the scheme of these projections see the progress map at the end of this publication. 
6 These maps and reports can be obtained by application to Maryland Shell Fish Commission, 
Marine Bank Building, Baltimore, Md. 



BOUNDARIEvS OF THE COUNTY WATERS.'' 

WATERS WITHIN TKRRITORIAI, LIMITS (iF COUNTY. 

The laws of Maryland relating to oyster culture provide that "no person shall be 
permitted, by lease, assignment, or in any other manner, to acquire a greater amount 
of land than ten acres situated within the territorial limits of any of the counties, or 
one hundred acres in any other place." 

The boundary line* between the waters "within the territorial limits" of Charles 
County and the waters in "any other place," as established by the Shell Fish Com- 
mission for the purpose of carrying out the oyster laws, and delineated on the "oyster" 
charts and the smooth projections of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, is technically 
described and defined as follows : 

Paluxent River xcaiers of Charles County. — Following the Ijoundary liriL- between Charles County 
and Prince Georges County along the middle of Swanson Creek as laid dowTi on "Chart No. 26, Natural 
Oyster Bars, Maryland, " to a point defined by the intersection of this boundary line with the boundary 
line of Calvert County in Patuxent River; thence along the boundary line between Calvert and Charles 
counties in Patu.Kent River as laid down on "Chart No. 26, Natural Oyster Bars, Maryland," to a point 
defined by the intersecti.^n of this boundary line with the boundary line between Charles and .St. Marys 
counties off the entrance to Indian Creek: thence along the boundary line between Charles and St. 
Marys counties in the middle of Indian Creek as laid down on "Chart No. 26. Natural Oyster Bars, 
Maryland." 

Wicomico River leaten- of Charles Comity. — Following the boundary line between Charles County 
and St. Marys Count)' along the middle of Wicomico River as laid down on "Chart No. 26, Natural 
Oyster Bars. Maryland," from the upper end of Wicomico River, as shown on said chart, to a point at 
the mouth of Wicomico River defined by the intersection of this boundary line with the straight line 
between the center point of Cobb Point Bar Light defined by latitude 38° 14' 33.3" and longitude 76° 
49' 36.9" and a point on the northwest end of St. Catherine Island defined by latitude 38° 14' 28.9" 
and longitude 76° 48' lo.g"; thence along a straight line dividing the "waters within territorial limits 
of county "and the " waters of Potomac River imder joint jurisdiction of Maryland and Virginia as to 
fisheries" to the center point of Cobb Point Bar Light defined by latitude 38° 14' 33.3" and longitude 
76° 49' 36.9"; thence along a line following Cobb Point Bar, as laid down on "Chart No. 26, Natural 
Oyster Bars, Maryland," to a point located on Cobb Point defined by latitude 38° 15' 17.5'" and longi- 
tude 76° 50' 33.4"; thence along the mean low water line of the Maryland shore of Potomac River or a 
line across the mouth of all inlets less than 100 yards in width, as the case may be, and then continuing 
along the Maryland shore of Potomac River, crossing the mouth of Potomac River entrances of Neals 
Sound, around Swan Point, and crossing the mouth of Cuckold Creek and all other creeks, bays, and 
inlets of Potomac River under the sole jurisdiction of Maryland, to the intersection of this line with the 
boundary line between Charles County and Prince Georges County .c 

"For a complete historical and legal description of the boundaries of the counties of Maryland, 
the valuable publication entitled "The Counties of Maryland — Their Origin, Boundaries, and Election 
Districts," prepared by Dr. Edward B. Mathews and published by the Maryland Geological Survey under 
the direction of Dr. William Bullock Clark, Superintendent, should be consulted, as the boundaries 
described in this publication have been established and technically defined for the purpose of carrying 
out the oyster laws of the State, and may or may not be correct for other purposes. 

b See "Charts of Natural Oyster Bars," published by the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and the 
progress map at the end of this publication. 

'■ Latitudes and longitudes based on the United States standard datum of the United States Coast 
and Geodetic Survey. 

19 



20 Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Aid. 

WATERS CONTIGUOUS TO COUNTY. 

The oyster laws of Maryland provide that a true and accurate deHneation of all 
natural oyster bars shall be made on copies of charts of the United States Coast and 
Geodetic Survey, "which said copies shall be filed in the office of the said Commissioners 
in the city of Baltimore," and "in the office of the clerks of the circuit courts for the respec- 
tive counties wherein the grounds so designated may lie." 

For the purpose of carrying out the latter part of this section of the law and for 
the purpose of establishing the limits of the oyster-culture area to be opened up for 
leasing with each county surveyed, it is necessary for the Shell Fish .Commission to 
establish a boundary line between the. waters contiguous to but not within the terri- 
torial limits of each coimty and the waters contiguous to but not within the territorial 
limits of adjacent counties. 

This boundary line has been delineated on the "Charts of Natural Oyster Bars," 
published by the Coast and Geodetic Survey, and is technically described and defined 
as follows: 

Commencing at a point located at the mouth and near the middle of Wicomico River defined by the 
intersection of the boundary line between Charles County and St. Marys County as laid down on " Chart 
No. 26, Natural Oyster Bars, Maryland," and the straight line between the center point of Cobb Point 
Bar Light defined by latitude 38° 14' 33.3" and longitude 76° 49' 36.9" and a point on the northwest 
end of St. Catherine Island defined by latitude 38° 14' 28.9" and longitude 76° 48' 10. g"; thence along 
a straight line dividing the " waters within territorial limits of county " and the " waters of Potomac River 
under joint jurisdiction of Maryland and Virginia as to fisheries" to the center point of Cobb Point Bar 
Light defined by latitude 38° 14' 33.3" and longitude 76° 49' 36.9"; thence along a line following Cobb 
Point Bar as laid down on "Chart No. 26, Natural Oyster Bars, Maryland," to a point located on Cobb 
Point defined by latitude 38° 15' 17.5" and longitude 76° 50' 33.4"; thence along the Maryland shore 
of the Potomac River across the entrances to Neals Sound, Cuck<)ld Creek, and all other sounds, bays, 
creeks, or inlets under the sole jurisdiction of Maryland as to fisheries, to the intersection of this line 
with the boundary line between Charles County and Prince Georges County .« 



" Latitudes and longitudes based on the United States standard datum of the United States Coast 
and Geodetic Survey. 



LANDMARKS (U. S. COAvST AND GEODETIC SURVEY TRIANGULATION 

STATIONS). 

♦ EXPLANATION. 

The oyster laws of Maryland authorizing the survey to be made by the Shell Fish 
Commission provide for "an accurate report of said survey, setting forth such a descrip- 
tion of landmarks as may be necessary to enable the said board, or their successors, to 
find and ascertain the boundary lines of said natural oyster beds, bars, and rocks, as 
shown by delineation on the maps and charts." The law of the United States author- 
izing the cooperation of the Department of Commerce and Labor in the survey of 
natural oyster bars of Maryland provides for the erection of "such structures as may be 
necessary to mark the points of triangulation, so that the same may be used for such 
future work of the Coast and Geodetic Survey as the said Bureau may be hereafter 
required to perform in prosecuting the Government coast survey of the navigable waters 
of the United States located within the State of Maryland." 

Under the provisions of the sections of the laws stated above, the markings and 
descriptions of landmarks must be sufficient for the present and future needs of both 
the Government and the State. With this end in view, considerable work has been 
expended in erecting permanent monuments at the triangulation stations and in the 
proper description of their location. 

An effort has been made to arrange the descriptions of location and character of 
landmarks in a uniform and logical manner. The descriptions start with the assump- 
tion that the individual seeking a landinark has only an indefinite idea of its location. 
They gradually proceed from description of the general locality of a landmark to the 
descriptions of its immediate surroundings. This is followed by specific details of the 
character of the center and reference marks and a "round" of reference angles and 
distances which in themselves frequently contain enough information to furnish an 
independent and reliable location of the triangulation station. 

METHOD OF DESCRIBING TRIANGl'LATK IN STATIONS. 

The separate, descriptions of triangulation stations should not he used without reading 
the following explanation of the method of describing the triangulation stations, as it con- 
tains certain details that are common to all the landmarks described in this publication 
and which are omitted in the separate descriptions as being needless repetitions: 

Name. — The title at the top of each separate description is the name by which 
the landmark or triangulation station is known and designated in all work and pub- 
lished oyster records or oyster charts of both the Government and State. The selec- 
tion of the name is usually left to the triangulator establishing the station, and it may 
or may not have geographic or other significance in reference to the locality. 



22 Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 

General locality. — Under this heading is given the general locaHty of the landmark 
in reference to well-known and prominent natural or artificial features, such as the 
nearest body of water, town, river, steamer wharf, well-defined point of land, church, 
or any other feature that is likely to remain both permanent and prominent. 

This heading also covers a reference to the published chart or map which shows 
the location of the station most clearly. Nearly all the triangulation stations described 
in this publication are plainly indicated by name and a triangulation symbol on the 
published charts of oyster bars of Maryland. In this case they are referred to by serial 
number only, the words "charts of oyster bars of Maryland" being omitted to avoid 
needless repetition. These published oyster charts are on the large scale of i part in 
20,000 (approximately 31.^ inches to a statute mile) and show the location of the trian- 
gulation stations so clearly that in many cases the written descriptions will not be 
required to find them. 

Immediate locality. — Under this heading is given the description of the "observed 
station" in reference to its immediate surroundings. This is supposed to include a 
statement of the station's estimated elevation above high water or some other well- 
defined level of the locality, such as a road or house; the character of the ground on 
which it is located, such as marsh land, sand beach, cultivated field, or meadow; esti- 
mated bearings in points of the compass and estimated distances in yards from {not to) 
easily recognized features, such as extreme end of point, edge of bluff, bank of creek, 
line of telephone poles, shore line, barn, house, fence, ditch, trees, or any other definite 
detail, such as being on range with the tangent of an island and a church; and so forth. 

When a standard monument has been established near the station as a "reference 
station," this heading also covers a statement of the true bearing of the monument in 
degrees and minutes and its measured distance in meters, as it is the first object that 
is likely to catch the eye when the immediate vicinity of the desired station is reached 
and might be mistaken for the center mark of the "observed station" unless special 
attention is called to it. 

The distinction between the "observed station" and "reference station" should 
be carefully noted by anyone making use of the description of stations for any future 
surveying operations. 

The "observed station" is located at the particular triangulation ])oint covered by 
the description of stations, and is the one whose geographic position is first computed, as 
it is the point which was "occupied" and "observed on" for horizontal angles. How- 
ever, in spite of the primary importance of the location of the "observed station," 
it will be noted from the description of stations that frequently it is not marked as well 
as the "reference station," and in many instances has only a pine stub to indicate its 
position. This is the case for the reason that the necessity of intervisibility of land- 
marks usually made it compulsory to locate "observed stations" on edges of banks and 
ends of points of land, which in the tide-water section of Maryland generally means they 
will be washed away in a short period of years. The past experience of the Coast and 
Geodetic Survey in this region has shown the great need of "reference stations," if the 
frequent reestablishment of a new framework of triangulation is to be avoided. 

The chief reason and need for the establishment of the "reference station," or 
secondary station, as it might be well named, is explained in the preceding paragraph, 
but in several instances other reasons, such as the location of the "observed station" 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 23 

on an unstable sand dune, in a cultivated field, in front of a residence, or other places 
objectionable to the landowner, have led to establishment of "reference stations." 
The location of the "reference station" in relation to the "observed station" is fixed 
for plotting on charts or for computation of its geographic position by checked measure- 
ments of its distances and azimuth from the "observed station."" 

Marks. — Under this heading is given a description of the character of the permanent 
monuments or other marks of the location of the "observed station," and of the "refer- 
ence station" where one has been established. 

All the marks designated in the descriptions as "the center point of triangle on 
standard cement monument " are exactly alike. These monuments are made of cement, 
sand, and gravel, and are 2 feet long and 8 inches square at top and bottom. Their tops 
are all marked with the same brass mold and show a center hole surrounded by a triangle, 
with the letters "M. S. F. C." arranged around the vertex and the letters "U. S. C. S." 
underneath the base of the triangle. The center hole is always in the center of the top 
of the monument by construction, and if this is found to have been broken off without 
disturbing the bottom the center of its square section can be used as the location of the 
station. 

All the "standard cement monuments," whether used for marking the "observed 
station" or "reference station," have been planted upright in exactly the same manner, 
with their tops projecting 3 or 4 inches above the surface of the ground, unless otherwise 
stated. 

Therefore, as the above facts in reference to the "standard cement monuments" 
are a constant element in all cases, the repetition of these facts in the description of 
stations is made needless by this one statement. 

References. — Under this heading are given the "rounds" of directions and distances 
to all objects that might be useful in locating the stations when the surface marks can 
not be found. It is also contemplated that for general purposes of topography, hydrog- 
raphy, or location of boundaries of oyster bars these references will be sufficient in many 
cases to relocate the position of an "observed station" or "reference station" when 
both of them have been destroyed. 

The first reference object given in the descriptions is always a triangulation station 
visible from the station being described, this, if possible, being a light-house, church 
spire, or other permanent and prominent point. Its direction is taken as being 0° 00' 00", 
and the directions of all other objects are measured from it as an initial point, the angles 
being taken in a clockwise direction (left to right). 

The true bearing'' of the initial object is always given .n parentheses alorjgside its 
name. This furnishes means for the calculation of the bearings of any of the other 
reference objects for the purposes of locating a station by horizontal angles or for the 
relocation of corner buoys of oyster-bar boundaries by the method of compass directions 
described n this publication under the heading of "Boundaries of oyster bars." 



1 Geographic coordinates (latitude, longitude, distance, and azimuth) relating to any of the "ob- 
served stations" or of the " reference stations" described in this publication can be obtained by applica- 
tion to the Superintendent of the Coast and Geodetic Survey, at Washington, D. C. 

'' The mean magnetic variation for Charles County was 5° 20' west of north in 1910 and increasing 
at the rate of 4' yearly. 



24 Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 

The distances in the last column under "References" are given in three different 
units, which vary according to their accuracy. The "miles" are statute miles and may 
be considered only as rough estimates. The "yards" are more accurate, but must be 
looked on as results generally obtained by pacing or careful estimating. The "meters," 
however, are accurate to the degree indicated by their decimals and in every case have 
been measured with a steel tape. In the same manner the accuracy of the directions are 
indicated by the refinement of angular measure with which they are recorded. 

DESCRIPTIONS OF TRIANGULATION STATIONS. 
BARBER. 

General locality. — Northeastern shore of Wicomico River about '4 mile north-northeast of Stoddard 
Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on grass land about 2 feet above high-water mark, 3 yards 
north of shore, 20 yards west of trees which extend inland along creek, 4 yards southwest by west of a 
corner of a fence and 15 yards southeast of another comer of a fence. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — a / // 

" Stoddard" (S 9° 46' W) •. o 00 00 i3 smiles. 

Left chimney of Stoddard house 3 27 i Vg miles. 

Near peak of roof between two chimneys 45 15 \% miles. 

Chimney on left end of small house 62 54 i^i miles. 

Nail in blaze in top fence rail 136 06 10.62 meters. 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree (5 inches diameter). . 155 29 10.75 meters. 

Nail in blaze in top of chestnut fence post .... 245 24 3.43 meters. 

Nail in blaze in persimmon tree (5 inches 

diameter) 259 16 i.?.94 meters. 

Tangent of point 299 13 y^ mile. 

Near large chimney of negro quarters 302 07 i,'-8 miles. 

UPPER. 

General locality. — Southwestern shore of Wicomico River on Stoddard Point (upper point) about 
2 V4' miles north-northwest of Mills Point. (See Chart No. 26. ) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a long narrow point about 2 feet above high-water mark, 
5 yards south of side of point, 8 yards northwest of side of point. 38 yards west of high-water mark on 
middle of point and 138 j'ards west by north of high-water mark on extreme end of point. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — " ' " 

"Stoddard" (S 27° 38' E) o 00 00 '2 mile. 

Right chimney of Stoddard house 9 12 j.2 mile. 

Left peak of roof of barn ^^;i 02 yi mile. 

Left chimney of old house 49 29 ,'2 mile. 

Tangent of next point 141 07 5 s mile. 

Right chimney of house on ridge 179 15 3 miles. 

Chimney outside small house on opposite shore. . . 213 28 iX miles. 

Near corner post of piazza of large house 247 47 lys miles. 

Chimney top of Key house 296 04 i,'-2 miles. 

KEY. 

General locality.. — Northeastern shore of Wicomico River on a high blufl about i mile north of Cohouck 
Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 30 feet above high-water mark in an orchard, about 
24 yards northeast of edge of bank, 49 yards north of edge of bank, 15 yards east of edge of bank, 130 
yards south -south west of negro quarters and 130 yards west of fence which incloses an orchard. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 25 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Stoddard" (S 70° 48' W) o 00 00 ilsrniles. 

Nearcomerof near chimney on Stoddard house o 29 iX miles. 

Near corner of near chimney of small house . 15 05 i^s miles. 

Peakof roof between tvvochimneyson house .. . 17 13 2 miles. 

Peak of roof of very large barn 56 52 3 miles. 

Chimney on middle of roof on two-storj^ house . . 62 06 3 miles. 

Nearcomerof near chimney of negro's quarters. 116 54 130 yards. 

Nail in blaze in apple tree ( 12 inchesdiameter). . 135 58 22.15 meters. 

Chimney of Key house 164 37 '4 mile. 

Nail in blaze in apple tree (14 inchesdiameter) . 168 57 13.39 meters. 

Peak of roof of large barn 259 16 "2 mile. 

Nail in blaze in apple tree (12 inchesdiameter). 281 25 7.94 meters. 

Peak of roof of house on piles 347 23 i ' s miles. 

Between two chimneys of large brick house on 

hill 357 45 2!2 miles. 

STODDARD. 

General locality. — Western shore of Wicomico River about 'A mile south-southeast of Stoddard Point 
and I mile west-northwest of Cohouck Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station ison gravel, grass, and shell point, near a lone gum tree, about 
2 feet above high-water mark, 6 yards south-southwest of side of point. 6 yards north of side of point, lo 
yards west of extreme end of point and 158 yards east-northeast of Stoddard house. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Upper" (N 26° 37' W) o 00 00 ,'2 mile. 

Outside chimney of small house 23 08 i^^ miles. 

Peak of front gable of large house on ridge .... 52 54 ij-g miles. 

Chimney on top of Key house 94 47 I'i miles. 

Chimney outside of two and a half story house . . 153 58 2'8 miles. 

Right chimney of large house 172 38 2 miles. 

Peak of roof of house on Chaptico Wharf 180 19 25 s miles. 

Chimney top of house on piles 228 37 '2 mile. 

Near corner of chimney on Stoddard house . . 284 44 158 yards. 

Nail in blaze in pear tree (24 inches diameter) . . 315 29 4.5Smeters. 

Nail in blaze in pear tree (4 inches diameter) . . 349 47 9.41 meters. 

COHOUCK. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Wicomico River on Cohouck Point on the northern side of entrance 
to Chaptico Bay. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station ison Cohouck Point, about 6 feet above high-water mark, 12 
yards east of edge of bank, 35 yards south of edge of bank, 85 yards northeast of extreme point and about 
2 5 yards north of marsh . 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Key " (N 3° 29' E) o 00 00 "smile. 

Nearest chimney on negro quarters o 27 i mile. 

Near peak of roof of barn 2b 38 i mile. 

Chimney outside near end of two and a half story 

house 128 58 34 mile. 

Right chimney of Lyon house near Mills Point. .. . 171 29 I'smiles. 

Chimney on flat roof house near mouth of Bowmans 

Creek 226 56 2 miles. 

Chimney on far end of house 261 43 i-' smiles. 

Chimney on house on piles 270 53 i ' s miles. 

Peak of front gable of house on ridge 352 51 2 '4 miles. 



26 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 
HAYDEN. 
-Western shore of the Wicomico River about i? s miles west of Cohouck Point. 



General locality. 
(See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is surrounded by water bushes on marshy land, about i 
foot above high water, 5 yards northwest of shore and 17 yards southeast of line of trees on top of bank. 
Cement monument marking reference station is 11.50 meters N 54° 34' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub with top 3 inches above ground. Reference station is 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — ° ' " 

"Fact" (S 41° 35' E) o 00 00 134 miles. 

Between two main chimneys of large house be- 
low Chaptico Wharf 5 

West roof peak of house on Chaptico Wharf. ... 6 

Chimney on middle of square house 65 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree ( 18 inches diameter) . 1 24 
Nail in blaze in locust tree (8 inches diameter) 155 

Reference station 167 

Nail in blaze in oak tree (8 inches diameter) . ... 213 

Chimney on Key house 275 

Chimney of Maddox house 344 

Right chimney outside of old house 354 



II 2^-g miles. 

51 2}^ miles. 

06 5 J mile. 

14 23.45 meters. 

23 16.55 meters. 

01 20 1 1. 51 meters. 

29 18.74 meters. 

45 ij^ miles. 

28 3X miles. 

31 if^ miles. 



PERRY. 



General locality. — Southeastern shore of Chaptico Bay. about i mile northeast of Mills Point and ii 
mile southeast of Cohouck Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in an open field, about 20 feet above high-water mark, 
8 yards northwest of edge of bank, g yards south-southwest from edge of gully in bank, 5 yards south 
of edge of bank of gully, and about 150 yards north -northeast of creek. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Fact" (S 51° 10' W) 

Chimney on right end of house 

Chimney on flat-roof house 

Left chimney of Crane house 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (3 inches diameter) . 42 

Nearest chimney on larger part of double brick 
house 42 

Left chimney of house on piles 55 

Near peak of roof on house 62 

Near corner of near chimney of vStoddard house . 66 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (3 inches diameter) . 81 

Peak of front gable of house on ridge 113 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (8 inches diameter) . 136 

Near chimney of large house on ridge i6g 

Chimney outside of two-and-a-half-story house . 289 



31 



00 00 I mile. 

41 2;' 8 miles. 

03 2}{ miles. 

37 35-8 miles. 

34 10.49 meters. 



3S s miles. 
i^ miles. 

2 miles. 

2 miles. 



40 8.44 meters. 

51 3 to 4 miles. 

40 5.95 meters. 

08 1^4 miles. 

15 150 yards. 



BURR. 



General locality. — Western shore of Wicomico River directly opposite mouth of Chaptico Bay and 
^ mile north of Bowmans Creek. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on hard ground between a sloping bank 10 feet high covered 
with trees and a marshy shore, about 2 feet above high-water mark, 18 yards northwest of extreme 
point, 23 yards north of shore, 17 yards southwest of shore, and 9 yards southeast of bottom of bank. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 



27 



Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / f 

" Fact " (S 65° 59' E) o 00 00 i}^ miles. 

Between two chimneys of large house on ridge. 16 39 43^ miles. 

West end of peak of roof of house on Chaptico 

Wharf 17 15 2,',-i miles. 

Right chimney of two-and-a-half -story house ., . 72 21 1^4 miles. 

Chimney in middle of large house 88 21 i' smiles. 

Nail in blaze in persimmon tree (li inches di- 
ameter) g7 25 7.67 meters. 

Nail in blaze in persimmon tree (9 inches di- 
ameter) 192 56 2.60 meters. 

Nail in blaze in persimmon tree (ro inches di- 
ameter) 236 32 3.86 meters. 

Main chimney of Key house 293 03 2^,4 miles. 

Chimney on Maddox house 358 28 3jx8 miles. 

FACT. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Wicomico River on Mills Point on south side of mouth of Chaptico 
Bay. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a long point covered on the southern side with gum 
and cedar trees, about 10 feet above high- water mark. 23 yards from extreme end of top of bank, 6 
yards north of edge of bank, and 8 yards southeast of edge of bank. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Cobb Point Bar Light" (S 7° 13' E) o 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree ( 7 inches diameter ) . . 5 

Nail in blaze in oak tree (28 inches diameter) . . 56 

Chimney on ell end of Stoddard house 157 

Chimney on Key house 199 

Near peak of roof of large house 274 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree (6 inches diameter) . 301 

Near chimney of large house near shore 317 

West end of peak of house on Chaptico Wharf. . 342 



00 00 6' 2 miles. 

07 6.20 meters. 

16 6.37 meters. 

08 iJ4 miles. 

54 2>i miles. 

25 X mile. 

45 16.26 meters. 

53 5-s mile. 

S3 Vs mile. 



BOWMAN. 

General locality. — Western shore of Wicomico River at northeast side of mouth of Bowmans Creek 
and I'i miles west by south of Mills Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is surrounded by water bushes on point of land about 1J/2 
feet above high water, 14 yards east of high-water mark, 16 yards north of extreme end of point, 20 
yards northeast of side of point. 20 yards south of several cedar trees, and about 150 yards south of a 
house.. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

" Sacred Heart Church Spire " (S 62° 50' E) . . . o 

Chimney on end of long house 10 

Chimney of Lyon house 13 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree (7 inches diameter). 59 

Chimney on square house 76 

Crane house 168 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree (6 inches diameter) . 216 
Nail in blaze in cedar tree (7 inches diameter) . 232 

Chimney on near end of house 263 

Peak of roof between two chimneys 357 



00 00 4' 8 miles. 

37 3'-4 miles. 

56 3'4 miles. 

04 40 8.88 meters. 

,'4 mile. 

2 miles. 

00 18.37 meters. 

30 17-58 meters. 

40 1'2 mile. 

27 2X miles. 



25 



40 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 



EEDLING. 

General locality. — Western shore of Wicomico River about i\^ miles southwest of Mills Point and 
about I mile southeast of mouth of Bowmans Creek. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a shell-covered cultivated field, about 10 feet above 
high-water mark, 37 yards southwest of shell and gravel beach, 88 yards west-northwest of extreme 
end of point, and 79 yards north of a ditch in marsh. Cement monument marking reference station 
is 23. gg meters N 89° 56' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed and reference stations are marked bj- the center point of the triangles on 
standard cement monuments. 

References. — o / // 

" Fact" (S 39° 15' W) ■ o 00 

Nail in blaze in gum tree (20 inches diameter). . 2 07 
Near peak of roof of house on Chaptico Wharf. . 42 05 

Chimney outside near end of house on hill 44 24 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree (3 inches diameter). . 49 54 

Reference station 50 48 

Chimney on right of ell of a house 60 12 

Near peak of roof of Eedling house 265 55 

Nail in blaze in oak tree (24 inches diameter).. 331 27 



00 I '4 miles. 

50 26.06 meters. 

1,3 8 miles. 

25 s miles. 

40 25.75 meters. 

55 23 -99 meters. 

2 miles. 

:' 8 mile. 

40 33-99 meters. 



FARR. 



General locality. — Eastern shore of Wicomico River about i'4 miles south-southeast of Mills Point 
and ?4 mile north of the mouth of Manahowick Creek. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 10 feet above high-water mark, 5 yards east by south 
of edge of bank, 32 yards north-northwest of several pine trees at fish shanty near edge of bank, 22 yards 
south by east of other trees, and 300 yards west by north of a large house. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument buried 16 
inches below surface of ground with nail in stub at surface. 

References. — o / /, 

"Cobb Point Bar Light" (S 2° 35' E) o 

"Rock Point Catholic Church Cross" 8 

Chimney on left side of house 42 

Left chimney of Crane house 113 

Left peak of house on Chaptico Wharf 153 

Left chimney of house on Mills Point farm 168 

Right chimney on Maddox house 242 

Right corner of large house 292 

Near corner of fish shanty 338 



00 00 5 '4 miles. 

03 40 3 ''4 miles. 

41 i3f miles. 

40 4' 2 miles. 

08 '2 mile. 

34 I '-4 miles. 

28 2 miles. 

33 '4 mile. 

27 23. 6g meters. 



GUST. 



General locality. — Western shore of Wicomico River on Windmill Point about >^ mile north of the 
mouth of Hedneys Creek and opposite mouth of Manahowic Creek. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on shell and gravel point, bordered by persimmon and 
cedar trees, about 2 feet above high-water mark, 12 yards northwest of shore, 16 yards south of shore, 
and 28 yards west-southwest of shore on extreme end of point. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Fact" (N 20° 09' E) o 

Nail in blaze in persimmon tree (8 inches di- 
ameter) 6 

Near peak of roof of house on Chaptico Wharf. . 35 

Chimney on left side of large house 58 

Chimney on middle of Lyon house loi 

Near peak of roof of house with two chimneys. . 171 
Nail in blaze in cedar tree (4 inches diameter). . 204 
Nail in blaze in cedar tree ( 10 inches diameter) . 301 



00 00 1 '2 miles. 

22 7.g5 meters. 

32 ii4 miles. 

18 I;' 8 miles. 

24 1,3^ miles. 

43 s s mile. 

14 00 5.90 meters. 

o; 10 16.18 meters. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 29 

LVON. 

Genenil locality. — Eastern slinre of Wicomico River on a point about '4 mile north of Bramlcigh 
Creek and 2 miles north by east of Rock Point. (See Chart No, 26. 1 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a point of land between the L)'on residence and edge 
of bank, 100 yards north of small pond which is fringed on river side with cedar trees, about 4 yards 
north of a bird house on a post, 19 yards east-northeast of most prominent point of bank, 15 yards east- 
southeast of side of bank , 1 6 yards north-northeast of another side , and 1 2 yards south -south west of a fence . 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — °. ' " 

" Weiss" (S 25° 47' E) o 00 00 i'4miles. 

Nail in blaze in cedar post of bird house sup- 
port ..-. 51 15 20 , . 3.67 meters. 

Nail in blaze in pear tree (6 inches diameter). . 58 00 50 , . . 11.74 meters. 

Chimney of house i2q 14 i' smiles. 

Left chimney of Crane house 148 52 5 '4 miles. 

Between two chimneys of large brick house ... . 1 59 59 3 ' 2 miles. 

Near peak of roof between tw'o chimneys of 

large house 171 56 3-'4 miles. 

West end of peak of roof of house on Chaptico 

Wharf 186 23 I '4 miles. 

Corner of fence 198 08 i4- 1 5 meters. 

Near corner of house 247 11 22.01 meters. 

Right corner of small house 295 38 24-59 meters. 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches diameter) , 302 02 10 8.82 meters. 

Right corner of shed 336 36 ' 14.98 meters. 

SACRED HEART CHURCH SPIRE (BUSHWOOD). 

General locality. — Easterly side of Wicomico River on high land about lU miles inland, north by 
east of Bushwood Wharf. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is steeple of Sacred Heart Church near Bushwood. 
Marks. — Observed station is center of cross on steeple. 
References. — None necessary. 

HEDNEY. 

General locality. — Western shore of Wicomico River on first point above mouth of Charleston Creek 
and about 13-4' miles northwest of White Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 25 feet above high-water mark, 16 yards west- 
southwest of edge of bank, 139 yards north of large tree at edge of bank, 85 yards north of oak tree at 
edge of bank, 155 yards east-northeast of gum tree 20 inches diameter on bank of a pond, and about 
' 8 mile east-southeast of a house among trees. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with top buried 
12 inches below the surface of the ground. Surface mark is nail in stub with top 5 inches above sur- 
face of ground . 

References. — o / v 

"Sacred Heart Church Spire" (N 86° 31' E). , o 00 00 4' 2 miles. 

Near comer of nearest chimney of four on a 

large house on hill 7 11 4' 2 miles. 

Right chimney of a large house 13 03 2 miles. 

Middle of island at end of White Point Bar, . . 38 45 1' s miles. 

Nail in blaze in oak tree (48 inches diameter) 50 28 00 73.16 meters. 

Nail in blaze in walnut tree (36 inches diam- 
eter) 84 52 30 I i.^i-S,? meters. 

Middle of gum tree 147 46 30 138.47 meters. 

Near peak of roof between two chimneys 239 48 '4 mile. 

Near chimney on large house 312 19 1^8 miles. 

Chimney of Lyon house 352 40 lyi miles. 



30 



Survey o} Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 



CHARLES. 

General locality. — Western shore of Wicomico River on first point south of entrance to Charleston 
Creek, and i}4 miles north of Rock Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a small marshy point about 6 inches above high-water 
mark and 18 yards east of pine woods on a bank 10 feet above high water. Cement monument marking 
reference station is 15.56 meters N 57° 10' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub with top 2 inches above ground. Reference station is 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — o / // 

"Hard" (S 17° 38' E) o 

Nail in blaze in pine tree (10 inches diameter) . 47 
Nail in blaze in pine tree (12 inches diameter) . . 84 
Nail in blaze in pine tree (7 inches diameter) ... 134 

Reference station 138 

West chimney on two-story house 265 

"Sacred Heart Church Spire (Bushwood)". . . . 268 

West chimney on Gamer house 293 

West gable of house on Bushwood Wharf 300 



00 00 iX.niiles. 

51 28.46 meters. 

58 16.66 meters. 

22 16.87 meters. 



07 



10 15.56 meters. 

ij'4 miles. 

50 2I4 miles. 

1}-^ miles. 

2 miles. 



WEISS. 



00 3^8 miles. 

20 if^ miles. 

10 4229 meters. 

54 mile. 

6.24 meters. 

30 ij^ miles. 

^ mile. 

50 37.80 meters. 

5'8 mile. 

2i-8 miles. 



General locality. — Eastern shore of Wicomico River on White Point, about 3 miles north by east of 
Cobb Point Bar Light. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a bluff near small cedar trees, about 8 feet above high- 
water mark, 13 yards north of and 27 yards south of edges of bluff and 52 yards east of extreme point. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Cobb Point Bar Light" (S 11° 43' W) o 00 

Flagstaff on schoolhouse 40 41 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree (10 inches diameter). 54 03 

Left chimney on two-story house 155 26 

Nail in blaze in poplar tree (3 inches diameter) .181 46 

" Sacred Heart Church Spire " 216 56 

West chimney of Gamer house 260 27 

Nail in blaze in poplar tree (4 inches diameter) . 266 27 

West gable of house on Bushwood Wharf 284 26 

Left chimney on two-story house 342 10 

BLAKISTONE. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Wicomico River, about ]/^ mile southeast of Plowdens Wharf at 
Bushwood, and about 3 miles north-northeast of Cobb Point Bar Light. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on second bluff southeast of Bushwood Wliarf , 15 feet above 
high- water mark, 15 yards southeast of a large dogwood tree, about 6 yards northeast of edge of bluff, 
3 yards southwest of rail fence, about 15 yards southwest of an ice house near orchard, and 5 to 10 yards 
south to east of several small cedar trees. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Prec" (S 18° 42' W) o 

"Rock Point Catholic Church Cross" 51 

Left peak of roof of wharf house 94 

Large tree 117 

Chimney of Blakistone store 125 

Near peak of roof of Blakistone house 176 

Point of cupola on Ranahan house 191 

Near left comer of sill of ice house 233 

Right lower comer 260 

Near peak of roof 312 



00 CO 2 miles. 

28 30 2 miles. 

16 i^s miles. 

48 13.36 meters. 

48 i4 mile. 

32 250 yards. 

45 134" miles. 

15 14.15 meters. 

^2 1576 meters. 

54 X mile. 



Survey of (Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 



31 



HARD. 

General locality. — Western shore of Wicomico River on point of land knowTi as Rock Point about 2 
miles north by west of Cobb Point Bar Light. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on low point of land near several small cedar trees about i 
foot above high-water mark, 47 yards west of shore, 16 yards south of shore, 30 yards north of shore, 
about 80 yards northeast by north of Rock Point Wharf, and 170 yards northeast by east of Lancasters 
store . 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Cobb Point Bar Light" (S 10° 17' E) o 

Northeast gable of wharf house 41 

" Rock Point Catholic Church Cross" 70 

South chimney on Lancaster store 88 

Point of east gable on house 134 

" Sacred Heart Church Spire " 239 

Gable of house on wharf at Bush wood 256 

West gable of house '. 293 

West gable on one-story house 315 

North chimney of two-story house 330 



00 00 2 miles. 

07 80 yards. 

16 20 ,'4 mile. 

53 170 yards. 

44 ,',4 mile. 

04 20 3 miles. 

00 14^4' miles. 

06 2 miles. 

iQ 2% miles. 

12 2'2 miles. 



ROCK POINT CATHOLIC CHURCH CROSS. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Wicomico River at Rock Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 
Immediate locality. — Observed station is in settlement called Rock Point. It is on the larger of 
two similar buildings, the smaller one being the schoolhouse. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of cross on Rock Point Catholic Church. 
References. — None necessarj'. 

PREC. 



General locality. — Eastern shore of Wicomico River on Bluff P(.)int about 2 miles north-northeast of 
Cobb Point Bar Light. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 10 feet above high-water mark, 34 yards southeast 
of nearest end of neck of Blufif Point, 29 yards south-southeast of shore, 16 yards northeast of shore, and 
88 yards west by southwest of house. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Cobb Point Bar Light" (S 28° 37' W) o 00 00 . . , 

Tangent of woods on Cobb Point 34 04 



"Rock Point Catholic Church Cross" 70 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (3 inches diameter) 116 

Left chimney of Gamer house 148 

Nail in blaze in left one of twin locust trees (12 

inches diameter) 153 

"Sacred Heart Church Spire " 172 

Near chimney of Sherrer house 228 

Nail in blaze in poplar tree (6 inches diameter). 243 

Nail in blaze in poplar tree (5 inches diameter) . 282 

Left chimney of cottage 298 

Right chimney of Bailey house on St. Margarets 

Island ^^b 



16 



00 2 miles. 

2 miles. 

30 i5'g miles. 

40 20.64 meters. 

i' 8 miles. 



20 3°i(> meters. 

10 23.4 miles. 

88 yards. 

50 3374 rneters. 

40 27.71 meters. 

'/s mile. 

ij'j miles. 



32 



Survey of (\vsicr Bars, Charles County, Md. 
CORNER. 



General locality. — Western shore of Wicomico River on the eastern side of an island known as Coblj 

Point Neck about halfway between Cobb Point and the entrance to Neales Sound. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a cultivated field on a bluff bordered with pine trees 

about 15 feet above high-water mark, 3 yards west of a wire fence running along edge of bluff and 21 

yards east-northeast of a wire fence which separates cornfield from pine woods. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Cobb Point Bar Light" (S 29° 39' E) o 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree (3 inches diameter) . . 50 
Nail in blaze in pine tree (8 inches diameter). . 11 1 
Nail in blaze in pine tree (12 inches diameter). 135 

Middle chimney of house 177 

' ' Catholic Church Cross " 217 

Left chimney of house on St. Margarets Island . . 318 



00 00 I' a miles. 

02 16.98 meters. 

43 21.41 meters. 

20 33-22 meters. 

07 ^4 mile. 

16 10 yi mile. 

56 lYi miles. 



ST. MARGARET 2. 



General locality. — Northwestern side of Potomac River on the southwestern side of St. Margarets 
Island in the mouth of the Wicomico River about i mile northeast of Cobb Point Bar Light. (See Chart 
No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a bluff about 12 feet above high-water mark, 15 inches 
northeast of edge of bluff, 86 yards northwest of cow shed, 129 yards south-southwest of several houses 
and 154 yards west-southwest of Bailey (large) house. Cement monument marking reference station is 
79.19 meters N 46° 26' E of observed station and at corner of cow shed. 

Marks. — Observed station is center of a stub in a 2 '2-inch tile pipe set in cement with top flush 
with ground. Reference station is center point of triangle of standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Cobb Point Bar Light" (S 53° 22' W) o 

Tangent of Cobb Point 45 

" Rock Point Catholic Church Cross" 83 

Chimney on left of Garner new house 129 

"Sacred Heart Church Spire" 143 

Reference station 173 

Left chimney of Bailey house 194 

Nearest chimney of small house on Bullock 

Island 220 

Left chimney of small house on St. Catherine 
Island 



42 



26 



00 . . . 


I mile. 




I's miles. 


50 . . 


i>8 miles. 




2*8 miles. 


5° ■ ■ 


4 miles. 


15 . . , 


. . . 79.19 meters 




150 yards. 



I mile. 



258 32 

COBB POINT BAR LIGHT. 



miles. 



General locality. — Northerly side of Potomac River at mouth of Wicomico River on the southeastern 
extremity of Cobb Point Bar. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on the end of Cobb Point Bar at the mouth of the Wicomico 
River. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of black lantern on screw pile structure known as "Cobb 
Point Bar Light." 

References. — o / // 

"Blakiston Island Light " (S 61" 25' E) o 00 00 5 miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 
RIVER SPRINGS CATHOLIC CHAPEL CROSS. 



33 



General locality. — Northern side of Potomac River inland about 3^ mile north by west of River 
Springs. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on building known as River Springs Catholic Chapel. 
Marks. — Observed station is center of cross on River Springs Catholic Chapel. 
References. — None necessary. 

SOUND. 

General locality. — Northern shore of St. Catherine Sound about 2'4 miles east by north of Cobb Point 
Bar Light and X ™ile east of Bullock Island. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 15 feet above high-water mark, 35 yards north of edge 
of bank, 2 yards east of wire fence, 65 yards east of edge of bank, 57 yards south of southeast comer of 
fence of house yard, and 63 yards south by west of telephone pole line which is on the same side of the road . 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Cobb Point Bar Light" (S 84° 53' W) o 

Right chimney of house on Bullock Island 8 

Near end of small chimney on large house 27 

Left comer post of fence 65 

Near comer of chimney of small house 86 

Near corner post of fence 100 

Right peak of roof of barn 115 

"River Springs Catholic Chapel Cross" 148 

Chimney of Blakistone store 189 

Near chimney of Bailey house 217 

Chimney on smaller house on St. Catherine Island. 323 03 3^ mile. 



00 00 2}{ miles. 

24 }4 mile. 

15 I mile. 

OS 

25 

58 



Near. 

Near. 

Near. 

Near. 

I mile. 

K mile. 

}4 mile. 



BAILEY. 

General locality. — Northeastern shore of St. Catherine Soimd, about ^ mile east by north of eastern 
end of St. Catherine Island and i mile north of the Potomac River. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on shelly ground on Bailey property, about 5 feet above 
high-water mark, 10 yards northeast of high-water mark, 7 yards northeast of a wire fence, 35 yards 
south-southeast of comer of wire fence, 30 yards north-northwesc of comer of wire and wooden fences, 
25 yards north of Bailey house, and 40 yards west by south of comer of wooden fence. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — ° 

"Cobb Point Bar Light" (N 88° n' W) o 

Nail in blaze in one of four cedar trees (3 inches 

diameter) 13 

Nail in blaze in cedar tree (8 inches diameter). . 44 
Comer of wire fence 46 



00 2S-i miles. 



29 12.37 meters. 

59 27.82 meters. 

29 32.06 meters. 

Chimney on house 90 38 150 yards. 



"River Springs Catholic Chapel Cross" 113 

Comer of wooden fence 175 

Chimney of Bailey house 203 

Junction of wire and wooden fences 254 

Left chimney of house on Waterloo Point 277 

Nail in blaze in first of six cedar trees 297 

Right chimney of small house on St. Catherine 
Island 348 



06 00 I mile. 

52 37-49 meters. 

26 25 yards. 

35 26.22 meters. 

43 1^ mile. 

27 10.76 meters. 

02 I mile. 



34 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 



ST. CATHERINE. 

General locality. — Southern shore of St. Catherine Sound, on the northern side of St. Catherine 
Island. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 12 feet above high-water mark, 86 yards south of edge 
of bank, 49 yards west of line of young cedar trees, 198 yards northeast of a lone mulberry tree 3 feet in 
diameter, and 207 yards southeast of small house among trees. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with top 12 
inches below the surface. 

References. — a / n 

" Cobb Point Bar Light " (N 81° o8'W) o 

Right side of right chimney on small house '13 

Left chimney of large house on St. Margarets Island 34 

Right chimney of house on Bullock Island 66 

Chimney of Blackistone house 117 

"River Springs Catholic Chapel Cross" 129 

Left chimney of Bailey house 1 58 

Right chimney of Young house on Waterloo Point . 207 



00 00 ijs miles. 

04 207 yards. 

42 i.y% miles. 

01 % mile. 

39 y% mile. 

17 40 i^s miles. 

19 yi mile. 

48 Yi mile. 



WATERLOO. 



General locality. — Southeastern shore of St. Catherine Sound, about ^ mile east-southeast of St. 
Catherine Island and about % mile north of Potomac River. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is at top of rise in field, about 8 feet above high-water mark, 
48 yards east by south of shore at a point where several mulberry trees stand, 43 yards south of large 
sugarberry tree, 19 yards south by east of wire-fence post, and 200 yards north of Young house on Water- 
loo Farm. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument, with top 12 
inches below surface of ground. 

References. — ° 

"Sound" (N i8°4i' W) o 

Near end of peak of Blackistone bam 3 

"Sacred Heart Church Spire (Bushwood) " . . . . 10 
Peak of gable of Blackistone house at River 

Springs 21 

Near peak of roof of Bailey house 31 

Near peak of roof of Yates house 49 

Near peak of roof of Quaid house 71 

Near peak of house 92 

Nail in blaze in apple tree (5 inches diameter) . . 1 1 1 
Nail in blaze 8-inch branch on apple tree (14 

inches diameter) 1 53 

Nail in blaze in apple tree (6 inches diameter) . . 203 

Near peak of roof of Young house 206 

Left tangent of St. Catherine Island 300 

Right chimney of roof of house on Bullock 

Island 337 

Near peak of roof of house 352 



00 I mile. 

I mile. 

20 5 miles. 

J4 mile. 

X mile. 

}4 mile. 

X mile- 

}4 mile. 

30 34-78 meters. 



34 20 24.90 meters. 

50 00 26.18 meters. 

57 200 yards. 

21 3,-A mile. 



19 i}4 miles. 

57 iM miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 



35 



PRINCE. 

General locality. — Western shore of Patuxent River, about }4 ™ile north of mouth of Swanson Creek. 
(See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in pasture about 20 feet above high water, 15 yards north- 
west of edge of bank, 75 yards northeast of a grove of trees, and 100 yards southwest of another grove 
of trees. Locust trees form a fringe along edge of bank. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — 

"Leitch" (883° 01' Ej o 

Square chimney on house o 

Chimney on store at Buena Vista ig 

Chimney of Dr. Huggins house at Buena Vista . . 21 
Nearest chimney on Gourley house on Hallow- 
ing Point 55 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (3 inches diameter) . . 79 
Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches diameter) . . no 

Outside chimney on large house on hill 1 50 

Near end of peak of roof 226 

Middle of clump of trees 273 00 100 yards. 

Chimney of house 311 04 i^ miles. 

Nail in blaze in crotch of locust tree (6 inches 

diameter) 350 39 10 19.27 meters. 



00 00 I4 mile. 

02 3^ mile. 

15 134 miles. 

07 i}4 miles. 

16 2X miles. 

38 30 15-94 meters. 

13 30 14.55 meters. 

45 K mile. 

02 ^ mile. 



LEITCH. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of Patuxent River, on prominent point opposite mouth of Swanson 
Creek, given on chart as Gods Grace Point, but known locally as Leitchs Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass land about i foot above high water and 
3 yards north of straight line connecting two round points. It is about 13 yards northwest of the lower 
of these two points and 9 yards east of upper point. A creek 3 feet wide has its mouth about 19 yards 
east by south of the station. There are no permanent objects near station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — 

" Prince " (N 83° 00' W) o 

Near end of comer peak of roof of large house on 

hill 2S 

Near end of peak of wharf-house roof 77 

Right chimney of house 183 

Right chimney of Gourley house 253 

Canning-house stack 277 

" Catholic Church Cross" 281 

Chimney of small house 308 

Right outside chimney of old house 328 

Right outside chimney of old house 343 

FODDER. 



00 00 }i mile. 

02 iX miles. 

46 X mile. 

32 }i mile. 

58 2 miles. 

22 2 miles. 

35 30 2 miles. 

52 I mile. 

43 iJ4 miles. 

05 i}-! miles. 



General locality. — Western shore of Patuxent River on the southern side of the mouth of Swanson 
Creek about i mile west-southwest of Leitch Wharf and f4 mile west-northwest of Point Judith (locally 
known as Teague Point). (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on the edge of cultivated land about 10 feet above high- 
water mark, 4 yards west of edge of bank, and 9 yards north of another edge. Cement monument mark- 
ing reference station is 15.21 meters S 60° 52' W of observed station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument with a top 9 
inches square and 8 inches above surface of ground. Reference station is center point of triangle on 
standard cement monument with a top about 8 inches square and 5 inches above surface ground. 



36 Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 



References. — ° ' 

"Prince" (N 25° 00' E) o 00 

Near peak of large house on bluff 17 55 

Right corner of house 24 08 

Near peak of Leitch Wharf house 35 11 

Left peak of Leitch house 48 37 

Front peak of house at Buena Vista 75 00 

Chimney outside left end of house on hill 87 16 

Near peak of small house loi ^t, 

Large chimney on small house 174 43 

Left side of left chimney outside Bowling 

house 211 47 

Reference station 215 52 

Left comer of house on top of hill 318 27 



mile, 
miles, 
miles, 
miles, 
miles, 
miles, 
miles, 
mile, 
mile. 

mile. 

meters. 

mile. 



\ 



BUENA. 



Reference station is 



' miles. 



General locality. — Eastern shore of Patuxent River about 1J-4 miles northeast of Benedict at place 
known as Buena Vista. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is in a field on land adjoining house owned by S. V. Smith 
and occupied by Dr. Huggins. It is about 10 feet above high water, 8 yards east of edge of bank, 
and 12 yards south of a rail fence. Cement monument marking reference station is 11. 11 meters 
N 5° 42' E of observed station and near fence. 

Marks. — Observed station is nail in stub with top 2 inches above ground, 
center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 

References. — . o / // 

"Hallowing" (S 27° 22' W) o 00 00 

Center of red roof on square house near Bene- 
dict ■ 18 05 

Canning-house stack 21 

"Catholic Chiu'ch Cross" 29 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches diameter) . . 31 

Left chimney of old house 

Left chimney of old house 

Nail in blaze on cherry tree (2 inches diam- 
eter) 

Peak of roof of large house gg 15 

Chimney of house near Leitch Wharf 108 52 

Nail in blaze on fence post 143 ^;} 

Reference STATION 158 20 

Near corner of house 159 44 

Cherry tree on fence line (15 inches diameter). . 221 25 
Double apple tree (30 inches diameter) 290 54 



66 



.... 2 miles. 

30 ij^ miles. 

04 10 i3^ miles. 

48 40 8.58 meters. 

15 3 miles. 

52 3 miles. 

05 9.70 meters. 

4 miles. 

I mile. 

50 II. 18 meters. 

20 1 1. 1 1 meters. 

25 yards. 

35 yards. 

59 yards. 



TEAGUE. 



General locality. — Western shore of Patuxent River on point on southern side of entrance to Swan- 
son Creek, locally known as Teague Point, and given on chart as Point Judith. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on gravel and grass land about 3 feet above high water, 
about II yards from south side, 16 yards from north-northeast side, and 75 yards west by north of 
extreme end of point. Bushes stand between station and north side of point. There are no perma- 
nent reference objects near station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 



37 



References. — ° 

"Buena"(N85° 24' E) o 

Tangent of Teague Point 20 

Near corner of right chimney of Gourley house 

near Hallowing Point 65 

Canning-house stack 106 

Near end of peak of hotel 108 

Left one of two ivy-covered chimneys no 

" Catholic Church Cross " 114 

Chimney on Slye House 130 

Left chimney of house on hill 144 

Tanget of high-water mark 168 

Near end of peak of roof 223 

Chimney on large house on hill 243 

Left chimney on house 301 

Near end of peak of roof on store at Buena Vista . . 355 



00 00 I,' 



miles. 
; yards. 

miles, 
miles, 
miles, 
mile, 
mile, 
miles, 
miles, 
yards, 
mile, 
miles, 
mile, 
miles. 



CATHOLIC CHURCH CROSS (BENEDICT). 

General locality. — Western shore of upper Patuxent River in the town of Benedict. (See Chart 
No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on Catholic Church, located on the main street of the 
town of Benedict about one-fourth mile from the wharf. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of cross on church. 

References. — None necessarJ^ 

CITY. 



00 00 j.2 mile. 

39 3'A miles. 



General locality. — Western shore of Patuxent River on Town Point about one-fourth mile north- 
northeast of Benedict steamboat wharf. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on gravel and shell point about 4 feet above high water, 
12 yards northwest of the shore, 63 yards west-southwest of a shanty, about 100 yards west-southwest 
of extreme end of point, and 11 yards southeast of a slough. There are no permanent reference objects 
near station. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Hallowing" (S5i°2i'E) o 

Windmill near Sheridan Point 21 

Two middle chimneys at Dowells 21 

Left tangent of peak of wharf-house roof 81 

Center of roof of square house 84 

Canning-house stack 95 22 }^ mile. 

Nearest ivy -covered chimney of old house 130 

"Catholic Church Cross" 142 

Left square chimney of house 245 42 i}^ miles. 

Near end of peak of roof of Huggins house 280 54 i|^ miles. 

Near corner of shanty 300 44 63 yards. 

Right chimney of Gourley house 339 20 3^ mile. 

Chimney of old building behind wharf '. 352 01 ^ mile. 



3>' 



miles, 
mile, 
mile. 



50 



'•8 mile. 
'4 mile. 



38 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 



HALLOWING. 

General locality. — Eastern shore of PattDcent River on point opposite Benedict, known locally as 
Holland Point, but given on charts as Hallowing Point. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on a rounded gravel and grass point about 250 yards south 
of wharf on Holland Point, about 2 feet above high water, 10 yards north of shore, 8 yards east of shore, 
and 15 yards outside of a group of locust trees, sugar-berr\' trees, and bushes. 

Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"City" (N 51° 21' W) o 00 00 34^ mile. 

Left end of peak of roof of wharf house on 

Holland Point 23 15 250 yards. 

Chimney of store at Buena Vista 77 27 1^4 miles. 

Nail in blaze in nearest one of group of four 

sugar-berry trees (each 8 inches diameter) ... 92 24 12.88 meters. 

Nail in blaze in sugar-berry tree (10 inches 

diameter) log 58 

Nail in blaze in locust tree (4 inches diameter) . . 167 55 

Smokepipe on Trent Hall Wharf building 227 35 

Outside chimney of detached house at Soth- 

orons 309 54 I ' 2 miles. 

Center of roof on square house 314 15 ^ mile. 

Canning-house stack 333 16 }4 mile. 

" Catholic Chxu-ch Cross" 347 44 20 ^ mile. 



50 15.74 meters. 

40 11.90 meters. 

2\i miles. 



INDIAN. 



General locality. — Western shore of Patuxent River on north side of entrance to Indian Creek and 
about one-fourth mile below Benedict steamboat wharf. (See Chart No. 26.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is about 3 feet above high water, 7 yards west of shore, 16 
yards northeast of a fence and a line of trees, 13 yards southwest of a lone locust tree, about 250 yards 
to the south-southeast of a large square house, and 125 yards east-northeast of another house. 
Marks. — Observed station is center point of triangle on standard cement monument. 
References. — o / // 

"Sothoron" (S 23° 11' E) o 00 00 i mile. 

Nail in blaze in locust tree near fence (5 inches 

diameter) t,^ 48 50 iS-57 meters. 

Nail in blaze in middle bnmcli of locust tree 

(6 inches diameter) 66 

Square chimney on old house 137 

Right chimney of square house 188 

Near end of peak of roof of hotel 206 

Canning-house stack 2 13 

Nail in blaze in left branch of locust tree (5 

inches diameter) 225 

Right tangent of Benedict Wharf 228 

Chimney of house near " Buena Vista" 245 

Chimney of Gourley house 270 

Windmill at Dowell 's on Sheridan Point 344 

Left of right chimney on Dowell house 344 



24 50 19.13 meters. 

23 iX miles. 

30 yi mile. 

26 X mile. 

22 10 X mile. 

28 12.90 meters. 

10 14 mile. 



28 



2I4 miles. 

I mile. 

^14 miles. 

4X miles. 



Survey of Oyster Bars, Charles County, Md. 
DWARF. 



39 



General locality. — Eastern shore of Patuxent River about 2 miles north-northwest of Sheridan Point 
and about i '3 miles southeast of Benedict on a point of land opposite the mouth of Indian Creek. (See 
Chart No. a6.) 

Immediate locality. — Observed station is on sand and grass land about i foot above high-water 
mark, 6 yards northeast from extreme end of point, 4 yards east of one edge of shore, and 6 yards north 
of another edge of shore. Point on which station is located has a sugar-berry tree, several small locust 
trees and water bushes, and a pond behind bushes and trees about 100 yards to t